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1

Whose shortage of affordable housing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shortfalls of low?rent units are repeatedly cited as the rationale for programs to expand the supply of affordable housing. But the poverty?level rents studied fall well below those of major supply programs. To reassess whether HOME and the low?income housing tax credit (LIHTC) address actual shortfalls, this article compares numbers of units with renters by measuring both affordability and incomes

Kathryn P. Nelson

1994-01-01

2

Affordable Housing and the Private Residential Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY This paper explores the relationship between urban policy for affordable inner city housing and the dynamics of the private housing market. It is based on case studies of three inner city housing schemes developed in the last ten years in Sheffield, a city in the north of the United Kingdom. The schemes are:- Broomsprings A low rise mixed tenure

Sarah BLANDY; David PARSONS

3

24 CFR 1000.156 - Is affordable housing developed, acquired, or assisted under the IHBG program subject to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...subject to limitations on cost or design standards? 1000.156 Section...Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR...subject to limitations on cost or design standards? Yes. Affordable housing must be of moderate design. For these purposes,...

2013-04-01

4

Achieving Sustainable Construction in Affordable Housing  

SciTech Connect

An energy-efficient design and construction checklist and information sheets on energy-efficient design and construction are two products being developed. These products will help affordable housing providers take the first steps toward a whole-house approach to the design and implementation of energy-efficient construction practices. The checklist presents simple and clear guidance on energy improvements that can be readily addressed now by most affordable housing providers. The information sheets complement the checklist by providing installation instructions and material specifications that are accompanied by detailed graphics. The information sheets also identify benefits of recommended energy-efficiency measures and procedures including cost savings and impacts on health and comfort. This paper presents details on the checklist and information sheets and discusses their use in two affordable housing projects.

Barcik, M.K.; Creech, D.B.; Ternes, M.P.

1998-12-07

5

78 FR 73204 - Announcement of Requirements and Registration for “Innovation in Affordable Housing Student...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Affordable Housing Student Design and Planning Competition'' AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...Affordable Housing Student Design and Planning Competition...Utilization Division, Office of Policy Development...in Affordable Housing Design are requested to...

2013-12-05

6

The Impact of Zoning on Housing Affordability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does America face an affordable housing crisis and, if so, why? This paper argues that in much of America the price of housing is quite close to the marginal, physical costs of new construction. The price of housing is significantly higher than construction costs only in a limited number of areas, such as California and some eastern cities. In those

Edward L. Glaeser; Joseph E. Gyourko

2002-01-01

7

Affordable housing: Reducing the energy cost burden.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Residential energy expenditures are a key determinant of housing affordability, particularly for lower income households. For years, federal, state and local governments and agencies have sought to defray energy expenses and increase residential energy ef...

A. D. Lee R. I. Chin C. L. Marden

1995-01-01

8

Section 8: Affordable Housing for Exceptional Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shelter is a basic human need. Unfortunately, affordable housing is a need that low income families who are caring for children and adults with disabilities can rarely afford without assistance. Because participating families generally pay rent of no more than 30 percent of their adjusted monthly income, the Section 8 program can provide…

Wright, Wesley E.

2009-01-01

9

Affordable housing: Reducing the energy cost burden  

SciTech Connect

Residential energy expenditures are a key determinant of housing affordability, particularly for lower Income households. For years, federal, state and local governments and agencies have sought to defray energy expenses and Increase residential energy efficiency for low Income households through legislative and regulatory actions and programs. Nevertheless, household energy costs continue to place a major burden on lower Income families. This issue paper was written to help formulate national energy policy by providing the United States Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) with Information to help define the affordable housing issue; Identify major drivers, key factors, and primary stakeholders shaping the affordable housing issue; and review how responding to this Issue may impact EE`s goals and objectives and Influence the strategic direction of the office. Typically, housing affordability is an Issue associated with lower income households. This issue paper adopts this perspective, but it is important to note that reducing energy utility costs can make {open_quotes}better{close_quote} housing affordable to any household regardless of income. As energy efficiency is improved throughout all sectors of the economy, special consideration must be given to low income households. Of all households, low income households are burdened the most by residential energy costs; their residences often are the least energy-efficient and have the greatest potential for efficiency improvements, but the occupants have the fewest resources to dedicate to conservation measures. This paper begins with a definition of {open_quotes}affordability{close_quotes} as it pertains to total housing costs and summarizes several key statistics related to housing affordability and energy use by lower income households.

Lee, A.D.; Chin, R.I.; Marden, C.L.

1995-01-01

10

Affordable Housing Demonstration: A Case Study, Mesa County, Colorado.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This case study describes a cooperative venture between a forward-looking municipality and a builder to produce affordable housing for singles and joint ownership by unrelated persons in Mesa County, Colo. The Coventry Club project was developed and built...

1984-01-01

11

Affordable Housing: Local Techniques That Work.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The findings of five recent housing cost demonstration projects indicate that local governments can significantly reduce single - family housing production costs by providing flexibility in development codes and decreasing the processing time required to ...

1981-01-01

12

DOE-HUD Initiative: Making Housing Affordable Through Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

A new collaborative program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is a significant step toward making HUD-aided housing more comfortable and affordable through greater energy efficiency. The initiative on Energy Efficiency in Housing combines DOE's technical capabilities and HUD's experience in housing assistance. Over the next decade, the energy savings potential of this initiative is estimated to be 150 trillion Btu (0.15 quad) per year, or nearly $1.5 billion in annual energy costs.

Not Available

1991-10-01

13

Is Housing Unaffordable? Why Isn't It More Affordable?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews trends in housing affordability in the U.S. over the past four decades. There is little evidence that owner-occupied housing has become less affordable. In contrast, there have been modest increases in the fraction of income that the median renter household devotes to housing. We find pronounced increases in the rent burdens for poor households. We explore the

John M. Quigley; Steven Raphael

2004-01-01

14

Dynamics of the Affordable Housing Stock: Microdata Analysis of Filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article identifies the factors that change the stock of market housing affordable to low-income households. During the past 15 years policy makers and academics have concentrated on the shortage of good-quality affordable housing for low-income households. Among the triggers of that interest are the increase in homelessness, the disappearance of rental units affordable to the least well off members

C. Tsuriel Somerville; Cynthia Holmes

2001-01-01

15

Chamberlain Heights Redevelopment: A Large Scale, Cold Climate Study of Affordable Housing Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

The City of Meriden Housing Authority (MHA) collaborated with affordable housing developer Jonathon Rose Companies (JRC) to complete a gut renovation of 124 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project. The affordable housing community is made up of 36 buildings in duplex and quad configurations located on 22 acres within two miles of downtown Meriden, CT. The final post-retrofit analysis showed 40-45% source energy savings over the existing pre-retrofit conditions.

Donnelly, K.; Mahle, M.

2012-03-01

16

Trends in energy: Housing and energy experts talk affordability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meeting in Washington, D.C., at a conference sponsored by the Alliance to Save Energy, over 200 energy and housing officials discussed the critical role of energy efficiency in the affordable housing market. From October 4-6, 1989, utility representatives, lenders, contractors, and energy advocates discussed new policy initiatives that would spur greater investment in low- and moderate-income housing. The audience was

Wright Evans

2009-01-01

17

Affordable Energy-Efficient New Housing Solutions  

SciTech Connect

Since 2010, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building America has sponsored research at PNNL to investigate cost-effective, energy-saving home-building technologies and to demonstrate how high-performance homes can deliver lower utility bills, increased comfort, and improved indoor air quality, while maintaining accessibility for low-income homeowners. PNNL and its contractors have been investigating 1) cost-effective whole-house solutions for Habitat for Humanity International (HFHI) and specific HFH affiliates in hot-humid and marine climates; 2) cost-effective energy-efficiency improvements for heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems in new, stick-built and manufactured homes; and 3) energy-efficient domestic hot-water systems.

Chandra, Subrato; Widder, Sarah H.; Bartlett, Rosemarie; McIlvaine, Janet; Chasar, David; Beal, David; Sutherland, Karen; Abbott, , K.; Fonorow, Ken; Eklund, Ken; Lubliner, Michael; Salzberg, Emily; Peeks, B.; Hewes, T.; Kosar, D.

2012-05-31

18

75 FR 29877 - Affordable Housing Program Amendments: Federal Home Loan Bank Mortgage Refinancing Authority  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Affordable Housing Program Amendments: Federal Home Loan Bank Mortgage Refinancing Authority AGENCY: Federal Housing...Finance Agency (FHFA) to permit the Federal Home Loan Banks (Banks) until July 30, 2010, to use Affordable Housing...

2010-05-28

19

Developing Strategies for Affordable Bandwidth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by Educause's Net@EDU Broadband Pricing Working Group, this article discusses what institutions of higher education can do to develop good partnerships with broadband vendors in order to negotiate affordable pricing for increased bandwidth. Describes problems with the marketplace, examples from a few universities, and points to remember…

Educause Quarterly, 2000

2000-01-01

20

24 CFR 92.252 - Qualification as affordable housing: Rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...transfer in lieu of foreclosure. The participating jurisdiction may use purchase options, rights of first refusal or other preemptive rights to purchase the housing before foreclosure or deed in lieu of foreclosure to preserve affordability. The...

2013-04-01

21

Affordable housing through energy efficiency: The Northgate story  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we evaluate a comprehensive retrofit and rehabilitation effort to improve the comfort, affordability, and energy efficiency of 336 low-income housing units. The units had complete shell retrofits, including new siding, air-infiltration barriers, new windows and doors, and both roof and foundation insulation. In addition, the existing electric-baseboard heating system was replaced with a new gas-fired boiler for each apartment. New programmable thermostats, refrigerators, and tenant education were also included in the retrofit package. The evaluation of the project included pre- and post-retrofit utility bill analysis, computer simulation to evaluate the cost and saving of the individual measures, and a comprehensive survey of the residents regarding their comfort, behavior, and satisfaction with the retrofits. The analysis has shown energy savings of more than 20% for the shell measures, with a reduction in utility bills of nearly 50% from the combined measures. The resident survey shows high tenant satisfaction with the retrofits.

Diamond, R.C.; McAllister, J.A.; Feustel, H.E.; Patullo, C.; Buckley, T.

1992-03-01

22

Amidst housing market problems, municipalities seek to stem urban decay and affordable housing remains out of reach for many  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housing Rebound Unlikely Before 2009http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=a4nfoY47rBfo&refer=homeFEMA spends almost $3B on emergency housinghttp://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2008-08-25-katrina_N.htmAdvocates assail suburbs for fighting housing ruleshttp://www.courierpostonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080826/NEWS01/808260371/1006/news01gACORN Housing Corporation [pdf]http://www.acornhousing.org/index.phpU.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development [pdf]http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/affordablehousing/index.cfmEconomists and real estate experts reported this week that U.S. housing prices declined for a fourth straight month, and this news was most unwelcome to those still facing foreclosure on their homes and those who live in large urban areas hit hardest by the housing crisis. The New York Times reported this week that a number of cities (such as Boston and San Diego) are now utilizing both private funds and taxpayer money to buy foreclosed properties in economically isolated and depressed neighborhoods in order to prevent these areas from sliding into urban decay. Not surprisingly, the sale of foreclosed homes to municipalities, along with private investors and others, led to a 3.1 percent increase in home sales during the month of July. Municipalities believe that buying up these properties and rehabilitating them will breathe new life into neighborhoods riddled with foreclosed property and the consequences of urban decay are not lost on municipal leaders, as Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino commented, "Our job as the city government is to restore these neighborhoods. We can't let this cancer continue." Despite the continued decline in housing prices, affordable housing for low and middle-income families remains out of reach in a number of large cities across the United States, including Boston, Seattle, and New York. On a final note, it appears that there will be another type of housing crisis across the Gulf Coast in the coming months, as FEMA prepares to eliminate housing subsidies for thousands of persons displaced by Hurricane Katrina on March 1st. The first link will take users to a New York Times article from this past Monday that offers insight into the efforts of municipalities to purchase foreclosed properties in order to combat neighborhood deterioration. The second link leads to a piece of reporting from Bloomberg's Alison Vekshin that indicates that the housing market will most likely not rebound until the middle of 2009. Moving on, the third link leads to an USA Today article from this Tuesday that reports on FEMA's spending on emergency housing throughout the Gulf Coast region. The fourth link leads to a trenchant piece from this Tuesday's Courier-Post (Cherry Hill, NJ) about the efforts made by wealthier suburbs across New Jersey to keep affordable housing from being built in their communities. The fifth link leads to the homepage of the ACORN Housing Corporation, which works to build affordable housing across the United States. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) thematic policy program dedicated to creating and supporting new affordable housing developments.

2008-08-29

23

The Affordable Housing Crisis: Residential Mobility of Poor Families and School Mobility of Poor Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping poor families increase their residential stability can have direct bearing on school stability and student academic achievement. Discusses the role of housing in child and family wellbeing; residential mobility and school performance; residential mobility and housing problems; housing affordability; (federal housing policy); homeownership;…

Crowley, Sheila

2003-01-01

24

The Influence of Nonprofit Networks on Local Affordable Housing Funding: Findings from a National Survey of Local Public Administrators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines public administrators' perceptions of the effects of non- profit networks on local affordable housing decisions. It builds on a larger body of research concerning the affordable housing activities of community- based organizations (CBOs). This analysis is based on a national survey of public administrators responsible for affordable housing programs in U.S. cities with populations over 100,000. The

Robert Mark Silverman

2008-01-01

25

24 CFR 92.254 - Qualification as affordable housing: Homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...financing. For example, an analysis shows that the housing...may serve as the required analysis under this section. If the...periodically update the market analysis to verify the original presumption...set forth in the following mathematical formulas:...

2013-04-01

26

Declining housing affordability in a diverse society - trends, causes and consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

UK housing policies are currently failing to meet the needs generated by newly forming households of increasingly diverse income, compositional type and ethnic group. Proper provision of appropriate healthy, safe and affordable housing for these varied needs, in the most cost-effective manner, is vital on grounds of social justice, health protection, economic efficiency and the avoidance of political tensions. The

Peter Ambrose

2005-01-01

27

Health Outcomes and Green Renovation of Affordable Housing  

PubMed Central

Objective This study sought to determine whether renovating low-income housing using “green” and healthy principles improved resident health and building performance. Methods We investigated resident health and building performance outcomes at baseline and one year after the rehabilitation of low-income housing using Enterprise Green Communities green specifications, which improve ventilation; reduce moisture, mold, pests, and radon; and use sustainable building products and other healthy housing features. We assessed participant health via questionnaire, provided Healthy Homes training to all participants, and measured ventilation, carbon dioxide, and radon. Results Adults reported statistically significant improvements in overall health, asthma, and non-asthma respiratory problems. Adults also reported that their children's overall health improved, with significant improvements in non-asthma respiratory problems. Post-renovation building performance testing indicated that the building envelope was tightened and local exhaust fans performed well. New mechanical ventilation was installed (compared with no ventilation previously), with fresh air being supplied at 70% of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers standard. Radon was <2 picocuries per liter of air following mitigation, and the annual average indoor carbon dioxide level was 982 parts per million. Energy use was reduced by 45% over the one-year post-renovation period. Conclusions We found significant health improvements following low-income housing renovation that complied with green standards. All green building standards should include health requirements. Collaboration of housing, public health, and environmental health professionals through integrated design holds promise for improved health, quality of life, building operation, and energy conservation.

Breysse, Jill; Jacobs, David E.; Weber, William; Dixon, Sherry; Kawecki, Carol; Aceti, Susan; Lopez, Jorge

2011-01-01

28

Political and organizational barriers to satisfying low-income U. S. seniors' need for affordable rental housing with supportive services.  

PubMed

A substantial share of the low-income older tenants who occupy U. S. government-subsidized rental housing has physical and cognitive limitations. These older tenants are often women living alone in their 70s and 80s, who need help obtaining community-based services, demand-responsive transportation, help with apartment housekeeping and maintenance, self-care assistance, and design modifications made to their dwellings. Other low-income and frail older persons who have large housing expense burdens or occupy physically deficient dwellings also need affordable rental housing with these supportive services. The unmet supportive service needs of these groups persist even as this country's major political and professional stakeholders are aware of their problems and have solutions. This paper examines five major political and organizational barriers that have restricted the availability of supportive services in affordable rental developments. It offers 12 policy recommendations. PMID:14733443

Golant, Stephen M

2003-01-01

29

Affordable, safe housing based on expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam and a cementitious coating  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an ongoing project to demonstrate an affordable, safe, and energy-efficient housing technology based on expanded polystyrene (EPS) panels with a cementitious coating. The concepts being described are (1) EPS panels embedded with galvanized steel trusses, steel mesh welded or clipped to the protruding points of the trusses and finished with a coating of cement plaster; (2) fiber-reinforced

A. J. Lee; H. Kelly; R. Jagoda; A. Rosenfeld; E. Stubee; J. Colaco; A. Gadgil; H. Akbari; L. Norford; H. van Burik

2006-01-01

30

Housing affordability and mental health: does the relationship differ for renters and home purchasers?  

PubMed

There is increasing evidence of a direct association between unaffordable housing and poor mental health, over and above the effects of general financial hardship. Type of housing tenure may be an important factor in determining how individuals experience and respond to housing affordability problems. This study investigated whether a relationship exists between unaffordable housing and mental health that differs for home purchasers and private renters among low-income households. Data from 2001 to 2010 of the longitudinal Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey were analysed using fixed-effects linear regression to examine change in the SF-36 Mental Component Summary (MCS) score of individuals aged 25-64 years, associated with changes in housing affordability, testing for an interaction with housing tenure type. After adjusting for age, survey year and household income, among individuals living in households in the lower 40% of the national income distribution, private renters in unaffordable housing experienced somewhat poorer in mental health than when their housing was affordable (difference in MCS = -1.18 or about 20% of one S.D. of the MCS score; 95% CI: -1.95,-0.41; p = 0.003) while home purchasers experienced no difference on average. The statistical evidence for housing tenure modifying the association between unaffordable housing and mental health was moderate (p = 0.058). When alternatives to 40% were considered as income cut-offs for inclusion in the sample, evidence of a difference between renters and home purchasers was stronger amongst households in the lowest 50% of the income distribution (p = 0.020), and between the 30th and 50th percentile (p = 0.045), with renters consistently experiencing a decline in mental health while mean MCS scores of home purchasers did not change. In this study, private renters appeared to be more vulnerable than home purchasers to mental health effects of unaffordable housing. Such a modified effect suggests that tenure-differentiated policy responses to poor housing affordability may be appropriate. PMID:23931950

Mason, Kate E; Baker, Emma; Blakely, Tony; Bentley, Rebecca J

2013-10-01

31

Living in Affordable Housing and Duration of Tenure: Do Older Adults Stay in Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Projects as They Age?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compliance data for the low-income housing tax credit program in Ohio was examined to identify factors associated with affordable housing tenure. Residents aged 55 and older reported a median tenure duration of 2.7 years. Cox regression was used to explore time until exiting housing, controlling for demographic factors, and the date the housing project was placed into service. Results suggest

Holly Beard; Brian Carnahan

2011-01-01

32

Evaluation of Affordable Prototype Houses at Two Levels of Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Two high performance prototype houses were built in Carbondale, Colorado, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America (BA) Program. Each prototype was a 1256 ft2 (117 m2), 1-story, 3-bedroom house, and met the local requirements for affordable housing. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performed short-term field testing and DOE-2.2 simulations in support of this project at the end of December 2004. We also installed long-term monitoring equipment in one of the houses, and are currently tracking the performance of key building systems under occupied conditions. One of the houses (designated H1) included a package of cost-effective energy efficiency features that placed it well above the Energy Star level, targeting a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) score of 88-89. The other (designated H2) was a BA research house, targeting a HERS score of 94-95, and 45% whole-house energy savings compared to the BA Benchmark. Preliminary results from the field evaluation indicate that the energy savings for both houses will exceed the design targets established for the project, although the performance of certain building systems, including the ventilation and foundation systems, leave some room for improvement.

Hendron, R.; Barker, G.; Hancock, E.; Reeves, P.

2006-10-01

33

Affordable Earth Observatories for Developing Countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Traditionally high cost has been the principal impediment to developing nations desiring to pursue space programs. More particularly, the benefits derivable from a space system have been less than adequate to justify the investment required. Chief among the causes has been the inability of the system to produce results with sufficient direct economic value to the peoples of their countries. Over the past 15 years, however, "the Microspace Revolution" has resulted in dramatic reductions in the cost of space systems, while at the same time technology has improved to provide greater capabilities in the smallest micro- and nano-class1 satellites. Because of these advances, it behooves developing nations to reevaluate space as an option for their national development. This paper summarizes two new micro-satellite concepts - NanoObservatoryTM and MicroObservatoryTM that offer the prom- ise of a dedicated Earth remote sensing capability at costs comparable to or less than simply buying data from the best known large systems, Landsat and SPOT. Each system is defined both by its observation capabilities and technical parameters of the system's design. Moreover, the systems are characterized in terms of the other potential benefits to developing economies, i.e., education of a technical workforce or applications of Earth imagery in solving national needs. Comparisons are provided with more traditional Earth observing satellites. NanoObservatoryTM is principally intended to serve as a developmental system to build general technical expertise space technology and Earth observation. MicroObservatoryTM takes the next step by focusing on a more sophisticated optical imag- ing camera while keeping the spacecraft systems simple and affordable. For both programs, AeroAstro is working with non- profit institutions to develop a corresponding program of technical participation with the nations that elect to pursue such programs. Dependent upon current capabilities, this might include the actual manufacture of selected components with the system. The status and development plans of both Observatories are discussed along with the established partnerships. 1

Meurer, R. H.

34

Affordable Clustered Housing-Care: A Category of Long-Term Care Options for the Elderly Poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

What we label as affordable clustered housing-care options are making it increasingly possible for poor and frail older Americans to age in place comfortably and securely in residential-like settings combining both affordable shelter and long-term care. The hallmark of these housing arrangements is their sizable population clusters of low-income frail persons in need of supportive services. Despite their greater availability

Stephen M. Golant

2008-01-01

35

Energy-efficiency design and inspection guides for affordable housing construction  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on the general methods used in guides developed for the energy efficient design and inspection of new and revitalized housing projects for military family housing. The methods and guides can also benefit the wider market of public and other housing. Inspections performed on military and public housing units were used to identify energy deficiencies. The most common problems found were related to disconnected and deteriorated forced air distribution duct work and poor system design resulting in significant air leakage. Design and inspection guides are summarized for new construction and revitalization projects. 7 refs., 7 figs.

Ternes, M.P.; Livengood, S.E.; Wendt, R.L.

1997-12-01

36

Affordable next-generation UGS development and testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) are valuable tools for the U.S. military and border patrol, however, their utility is often limited due to their cost, size, and weight. Recently specific advances in micro power electronics, transducers, packaging, and signal processing techniques have enabled the development of a small, lightweight, and affordable UGS. Originally intended for small unit clearing/monitoring operations, a sensor has evolved to achieve detection performance comparable to state-of-the-art UGS. To meet a broader mission capability, battery life and detection capabilities have been extended and affordable networked cameras and repeaters have been developed. This paper will provide an overview of the key enabling technologies for affordable UGS, provide an overview and enhancements of this affordable UGS system, and review results of system testing.

Winston, Mark; Egerton, David; McQuiddy, John; Jones, Barry

2010-04-01

37

Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage Affordable Development Strategy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of nuclear power for space use in nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) systems will involve significant expenditures of funds and require major technology development efforts. The development effort must be economically viable yet sufficient to validate the systems designed. Efforts are underway within the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage Project (NCPS) to study what a viable program would entail. The study will produce an integrated schedule, cost estimate and technology development plan. This will include the evaluation of various options for test facilities, types of testing and use of the engine, components, and technology developed. A "Human Rating" approach will also be developed and factored into the schedule, budget and technology development approach.

Doughty, Glen E.; Gerrish, H. P.; Kenny, R. J.

2014-01-01

38

Affordable High-Performance Homes: The 2002 NREL Denver Habitat for Humanity House, A Cold-Climate Case Study  

SciTech Connect

A trend towards ''green'' building with a focus on energy efficiency is sweeping the United States homebuilding industry. An integrated systems-design approach leads to homes that are more efficient, more comfortable, more affordable, and more durable than homes built with standard practices. Habitat for Humanity affiliates throughout the country are taking the lead on this approach to home building for affordable housing. This approach supports Habitat's goals of supplying quality housing and reducing the energy cost burden on families in Habitat homes--goals that are especially important in these days of increasing energy costs.

Norton, P.; Stafford, B.; Carpenter, B.; Hancock, C. E.; Barker, G.; Reeves, P.; Kriescher, P.

2005-04-01

39

Is asthma treatment affordable in developing countries?  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to assess whether the therapeutic aspects of published international asthma management guidelines are practically applicable in developing countries. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to expatriate doctors working in developing countries. RESULTS: Forty one replies were received from 24 countries in Africa and Asia. Oral salbutamol was prescribed "usually" or "often" by 35 of the 41 respondents, theophyllines by 30, inhaled bronchodilators by 12, inhaled steroids by two, and cromoglycate by two. Theophyllines were locally available in all 41 cases, oral salbutamol in 40, inhaled bronchodilators in 34, and inhaled steroids (usually beclomethasone 50 micrograms) in only 15. Where they were available, the median (range) coat of a beclomethasone 50 micrograms inhaler was 20% (6.8-100%) of average local monthly income, salbutamol inhaler 13% (3.3-250%), 90 salbutamol 4 mg tablets 3.8% (0.8-75%), and 90 aminophylline 100 mg tablets 4.5% (0.5-70%). If they were available locally at a cheaper price, 34 (83%) respondents would prescribe more inhaled steroids and 37 (90%) would prescribe more inhaled bronchodilators. CONCLUSIONS: Many asthma patients in developing countries are not receiving adequate treatment because the required drugs are not available in their area or are prohibitively expensive. ???

Watson, J. P.; Lewis, R. A.

1997-01-01

40

Kaupuni Village: A Closer Look at the First Net-Zero Energy Affordable Housing Community in Hawai'i (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This is the first of four Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative community brochures focused on HCEI success stories. This brochure focuses on the first LEED Platinum net-zero energy affordable housing community in Hawaii. Our lead NREL contact for HCEI is Ken Kelly.

Not Available

2012-05-01

41

Michigan State Housing Development Authority  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most states have a housing development authority; Michiganâ≢s SHDA is well known for its work in encouraging downtown redevelopment projects and a range of creative solutions to providing long-term housing solutions for the state's residents. On the homepage, visitors can look over the Spotlight area to learn about the long-term projects that the SHDA is working on. On the left hand side of the page, visitors can look over fifteen different thematic areas, including Historic Preservation, Homeownership, and Property Managers. Contractors and other groups may want to pay close attention to the RFP's and Grants area, which includes information about applying for statewide housing grants and information on key statewide programs, such as the Housing and Community Development Fund. Visitors can also set up email alerts to learn when new material is added to the site.

2013-01-01

42

Manufactured Homes as Affordable Housing in Rural Areas. Rural Information Center Publication Series, No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography includes citations of approximately 60 books and articles pertaining to manufactured housing or "mobile homes," an important segment of the national housing industry. The availability of manufactured homes for low and moderate income groups is significant in light of skyrocketing new-housing costs. The South leads the nation with…

Czerniak, Robert, Comp.

43

Affordable Manufacturing Technologies Being Developed for Actively Cooled Ceramic Components  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Efforts to improve the performance of modern gas turbine engines have imposed increasing service temperature demands on structural materials. Through active cooling, the useful temperature range of nickel-base superalloys in current gas turbine engines has been extended, but the margin for further improvement appears modest. Because of their low density, high-temperature strength, and high thermal conductivity, in situ toughened silicon nitride ceramics have received a great deal of attention for cooled structures. However, high processing costs have proven to be a major obstacle to their widespread application. Advanced rapid prototyping technology, which is developing rapidly, offers the possibility of an affordable manufacturing approach.

Bhatt, Ramakrishna T.

1999-01-01

44

Affordable Development and Qualification Strategy for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A number of recent assessments have confirmed the results of several earlier studies that Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) is a leading technology for human exploration of Mars. It is generally acknowledged that NTP provides the best prospects for the transportation of humans to Mars in the 2030's. Its high Isp coupled with the high thrusts achievable, allow reasonable trip times, thereby alleviating concerns about space radiation and "claustrophobia" effects. NASA has embarked on the latest phase of the development of NTP systems, and is adopting an affordable approach in response to the pressure of the times. The affordable strategy is built on maximizing the use of the large NTP technology base developed in the 1950's and 60's. The fact that the NTP engines were actually demonstrated to work as planned, is a great risk reduction feature in its development. The strategy utilizes non-nuclear testing to the fullest extent possible, and uses focused nuclear tests for the essential qualification and certification tests. The perceived cost risk of conducting the ground tests is being addressed by considering novel testing approaches. This includes the use of boreholes to contain radioactive effluents, and use of fuel with very high retention capability for fission products. The use of prototype flight tests is being considered as final steps in the development prior to undertaking human flight missions. In addition to the technical issues, plans are being prepared to address the institutional and political issues that need to be considered in this major venture. While the development and deployment of NTP system is not expected to be cheap, the value of the system will be very high, and amortized over the many missions that it enables and enhances, the imputed costs will be very reasonable. Using the approach outlined, NASA and its partners, currently the DOE, and subsequently industry, have a good chance of creating a sustained development program leading to human missions to Mars within the next few decades.

Gerrish, Harold P., Jr.; Doughty, Glen E.; Bhattacharyya, Samit K.

2013-01-01

45

Affordable Development and Qualification Strategy for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) is a concept which uses a nuclear reactor to heat a propellant to high temperatures without combustion and can achieve significantly greater specific impulse than chemical engines. NTP has been considered many times for human and cargo missions beyond low earth orbit. A lot of development and technical maturation of NTP components took place during the Rover/NERVA program of the 60's and early 70's. Other NTP programs and studies followed attempting to further mature the NTP concept and identify a champion customer willing to devote the funds and support the development schedule to a demonstration mission. Budgetary constraints require the use of an affordable development and qualification strategy that takes into account all the previous work performed on NTP to construct an existing database, and include lessons learned and past guidelines followed. Current guidelines and standards NASA uses for human rating chemical rocket engines is referenced. The long lead items for NTP development involve the fuel elements of the reactor and ground testing the engine system, subsystem, and components. Other considerations which greatly impact the development plans includes the National Space Policy, National Environmental Policy Act, Presidential Directive/National Security Council Memorandum #25 (Scientific or Technological Experiments with Possible Large-Scale Adverse Environmental Effects and Launch of Nuclear Systems into Space), and Safeguards and Security. Ground testing will utilize non-nuclear test capabilities to help down select components and subsystems before testing in a nuclear environment to save time and cost. Existing test facilities with minor modifications will be considered to the maximum extent practical. New facilities will be designed to meet minimum requirements. Engine and test facility requirements are based on the driving mission requirements with added factors of safety for better assurance and reliability. Emphasis will be placed on small engines, since the smaller the NTP engine, the easier it is to transport, assemble/disassemble, and filter the exhaust during tests. A new ground test concept using underground bore holes (modeled after the underground nuclear test program) to filter the NTP engine exhaust is being considered. The NTP engine system design, development, test, and evaluation plan includes many engine components and subsystems, which are very similar to those used in chemical engines, and can be developed in conjunction with them Other less mature NTP engine components and subsystems (e.g., reactor) will be thoroughly analyzed and tested to acceptable levels recommended by the referenced standards and guidelines. The affordable development strategy also considers a prototype flight test, as a final step in the development process. Preliminary development schedule estimates show that an aggressive development schedule (without much margin) will be required to be flight ready for a 2033 human mission to Mars.

Gerrish, Harold P., Jr.; Bhattacharyya, Samit K.

2013-01-01

46

Developing affordable multi-touch technologies for use in physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics is one of many areas which has the ability to benefit from a number of different teaching styles and sophisticated instructional tools due to it having both theoretical and practical applications which can be explored. The purpose of this research is to develop affordable large scale multi-touch interfaces which can be used within and outside of the classroom as both an instruction technology and a computer supported collaborative learning tool. Not only can this technology be implemented at university levels, but also at the K-12 level of education. Pedagogical research indicates that kinesthetic learning is a fundamental, powerful, and ubiquitous learning style [1]. Through the use of these types of multi-touch tools and teaching methods which incorporate them, the classroom can be enriched to allow for better comprehension and retention of information. This is due in part to a wider range of learning styles, such as kinesthetic learning, which are being catered to within the classroom. [4pt] [1] Wieman, C.E, Perkins, K.K., Adams, W.K., ``Oersted Medal Lecture 2007: Interactive Simulations for teaching physics: What works, what doesn't and why,'' American Journal of Physics. 76 393-99.

Potter, Mark; Ilie, Carolina; Schofield, Damian; Vampola, David

2012-02-01

47

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each year, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) makes all of their published research reports, case studies, and guidebooks publicly available on this website. The documents are arranged thematically, and they include everything from "Affordable Housing" to "Zoning". Given the recent interest in building "green", many visitors will want to click on over to the "Housing Production and Technology" area. On the right hand side of the page, visitors will find the "Popular Picks" list. Some of the publications are intended for an audience with a more technical background, but many of the works deal quite broadly with urban policy matters. The site is rounded out by a direct link to "New Publications" area near the bottom of the homepage and social media functionality.

48

Cardiovascular Health Outcomes of Latinos in the Affordable Housing as an Obesity Mediating Environment (AHOME) Study: A Study of Rental Assistance Use.  

PubMed

Studies have shown that households subsidized with vouchers live in higher quality units and exhibit fewer physical, mental, and social problems than do their peers living in public housing. However, none of these studies have included cardiovascular outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess if use/type of rental assistance is independently associated with poor cardiovascular health among Latino adults (ages ?18) who are eligible for federal low-income rental assistance and living in the Bronx, NY. Data from the cross-sectional, Affordable Housing as an Obesity Mediating Environment study, collected over 18 months (January 2011 to August 2012) were used. The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes was determined by measured high blood pressure and self-reported heart attack and/or stroke. Type of housing status was defined as: public housing units, units subsidized by section 8 vouchers, and units unassisted by either federal program. Statistical techniques used were analysis of variance and multivariate logistic regression. The prevalence of CVD was significantly higher among public housing residents than unassisted participants even in the presence of all individual level covariates. Public housing residents also have higher levels of CVD than do section 8 participants. The prevalence of CVD was similar for unassisted and section 8 participants. These findings point to the potential for health benefits arising from housing voucher use even within a fairly delimited geographic area. PMID:24190105

Chambers, Earle C; Rosenbaum, Emily

2014-06-01

49

Affordable Development of a Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fundamental capability of Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) is game changing for space exploration. A first generation Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage (NCPS) based on NTP could provide high thrust at a specific impulse above 900 s, roughly double that of state of the art chemical engines. The foundation provided by development and utilization of a NCPS could enable development of extremely high performance systems. The role of the NCPS in the development of advanced nuclear propulsion systems could be analogous to the role of the DC-3 in the development of advanced aviation. Progress made under the NCPS project could help enable both advanced NTP and advanced Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP).

Houts, M. G.; Borowski, S. K.; George, J. A.; Kim, T.; Emrich, W. J.; Hickman, R. R.; Broadway, J. W.; Gerrish, H. P.; Adams, R. B.

2012-01-01

50

Perception-action development from infants to adults: perceiving affordances for reaching through openings.  

PubMed

Perceiving possibilities for action-affordances-requires sensitivity, accuracy, and consistency. In the current study, we tested children of different ages (16-month-olds to 7-year-olds) and adults to examine the development of affordance perception for reaching through openings of various sizes. Using a psychophysical procedure, we estimated individual affordance functions to characterize participants' actual ability to fit their hand through openings and individual decision functions to characterize attempts to reach. Decisions were less accurate in younger children (16-month-olds to 5-year-olds); they were more likely to attempt impossible openings and to touch openings prior to refusing, suggesting a slow developmental trend in learning to perceive affordances for fitting through openings. However, analyses of multiple outcome measures revealed that the youngest participants were equally consistent in their decision making as the oldest ones and that every age group showed sensitivity to changes in the environment by scaling their attempts to opening size. PMID:24149378

Ishak, Shaziela; Franchak, John M; Adolph, Karen E

2014-01-01

51

An Affordable Microcomputer Library Information System Developed by Georgetown University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses development of a library information system by Georgetown University Medical Center's Dahlgren Memorial Library; describes its components, including online catalog and OCLC interface, circulation, serials control, acquisitions, networking/interlibrary loans, word processing and mini-Medline system; and discusses user reaction, staff…

Broering, Naomi C.

1984-01-01

52

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...on community housing development organization operating...A community housing development organization may not...the community housing development organization's total...support and housing education provided under...

2013-04-01

53

A New Inventory for Assessing "Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development ("AHEMD-SR")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A contemporary view of motor development considers environmental influences as critical factors in optimal growth and behavior, with the home being the primary agent. The intent of this communication is to introduce the "Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development Self-Report" ("AHEMD-SR") to early childhood practitioners. The…

Gabbard, Carl; Cacola, Priscila; Rodrigues, Luis Paulo

2008-01-01

54

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...public housing developments subject to required...Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION...Public Housing Developments Identifying...public housing developments subject to required...conversion. The development, or...

2013-04-01

55

Prepreg and Melt Infiltration Technology Developed for Affordable, Robust Manufacturing of Ceramic Matrix Composites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Affordable fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites with multifunctional properties are critically needed for high-temperature aerospace and space transportation applications. These materials have various applications in advanced high-efficiency and high-performance engines, airframe and propulsion components for next-generation launch vehicles, and components for land-based systems. A number of these applications require materials with specific functional characteristics: for example, thick component, hybrid layups for environmental durability and stress management, and self-healing and smart composite matrices. At present, with limited success and very high cost, traditional composite fabrication technologies have been utilized to manufacture some large, complex-shape components of these materials. However, many challenges still remain in developing affordable, robust, and flexible manufacturing technologies for large, complex-shape components with multifunctional properties. The prepreg and melt infiltration (PREMI) technology provides an affordable and robust manufacturing route for low-cost, large-scale production of multifunctional ceramic composite components.

Singh, Mrityunjay; Petko, Jeannie F.

2004-01-01

56

Learning from the Past--Preparing for the Future: Addressing Fair and Affordable Housing Issues in the Chicago Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference paper discusses the current situation of racial differences in housing in the Chicago (Illinois) area with regard to the ramifications of the "Miliken v. Bradley" (1974) case. The Miliken case closed the door on busing and school desegregation plans crossing school district lines and in many cases, crossing municipal boundaries. It…

Lewis, James H.

57

The impacts of affordable lending efforts on homeownership rates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we develop and test a methodology to assess the impact of affordable lending efforts on homeownership rates. More narrowly, we examine the impact of using flexible underwriting guidelines, primarily changes in the down payment and housing burden requirements, on the affordability and homeownership propensities of targeted populations and geographic areas. The impacts of changing these underwriting guidelines

Roberto G. Quercia; George W. McCarthy; Susan M. Wachter

2003-01-01

58

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering of Titanium: Current Capabilities Being Developed Under the Metals Affordability Initiative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A technical review of the titanium model development programs currently funded under the Metals Affordability Initiative is presented. Progress of the "Advanced Titanium Alloy Microstructure and Mechanical Property Modeling" and "ICME of Microtexture Evolution and its Effect on Cold Dwell/High/Low Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Dual Phase Titanium Alloys" will be reviewed followed by a discussion of the future modeling needs of the aerospace industry.

Shin, Kyung-Hoon; Hama, Takeo; Handa, Nobuhiko

2014-05-01

59

Technology affordances  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ecological approaches to psychology suggest succinct accounts ofeasily-used artifacts. Affordances are properties of the world that are compatible with and relevant for people's interactions. When affordances are perceptible, they offer a direct link between perception and action; hidden and false affordances lead to mistakes. Complex actions can be understood in terms of groups of affordances that are sequential in time

William W. Gaver

1991-01-01

60

A Fast, Affordable, Science and Technology SATellite (FASTSAT) and the Small Satellite Market Development Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administr ation at Marshall Space Flight Center and the National Space Science and Technology Center in Huntsville Alabama USA, are jointly developing a new class of science and technology mission small satellites. The Fast, Affordable, Science and Technology SATell ite (FASTSAT) was designed and developed using a new collaborative and best practices approach. The FASTSAT development, along with the new class of low cost vehicles currently being developed, would allow performance of 30 kg payload mass missions for a cost of less than 10 million US dollars.

Boudreaux, Mark; Montgomery, Edward; Cacas, Joseph

2008-01-01

61

Space and energy conservation housing prototype unit development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Construction plans are discussed for a house which will demonstrate the application of advanced technology to minimize energy requirements and to help direct further development in home construction by defining the interaction of integrated energy and water systems with building configuration and construction materials. Housing unit designs are provided and procedures for the analysis of a variety of housing strategies are developed.

Sunshine, D. R.

1975-01-01

62

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...public housing developments to tenant-based...Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION...Public Housing Developments Voluntary Conversion...public housing developments to tenant-based...public housing development to...

2013-04-01

63

Cutting energy costs in multifamily housing: Practical case studies for the builder and developer  

SciTech Connect

This book is based on an expert evaluation of nine existing and three proposed multifamily housing projects across the US. The existing buildings include three lowrise projects (three to four stories), six midrises (five to seven stories), and three highrise buildings (nine to thirty-nine stories). Two projects were designed and built in the late 1950's, two in the late 1960's, and five late in the ''energy-crisis'' of the 1970's. The existing projects range from municipally subsidized elderly housing, to HUD Section-8 suburban developments, to luxury urban highrise buildings. The three ''future'' buildings, designed by the NAHB research team, were based on trends anticipated in the multifamily industry by IREM and NAHB leaders, over the next five years. The key trends identified were: downsizing of units (by 10 to 20%); increased project size (in number of units), denser developments (more midrise and highrise projects), and increased amenities - all in the context of more affordable housing.

Whiddon, W.I.

1986-01-01

64

Spatial Analysis on Future Housing Markets: Economic Development and Housing Implications  

PubMed Central

A coupled projection method combining formal modelling and other statistical techniques was developed to delineate the relationship between economic and social drivers for net new housing allocations. Using the example of employment growth in Tyne and Wear, UK, until 2016, the empirical analysis yields housing projections at the macro- and microspatial levels (e.g., region to subregion to elected ward levels). The results have important implications for the strategic planning of locations for housing and employment, demonstrating both intuitively and quantitatively how local economic developments affect housing demand.

Liu, Xin; Wang, Lizhe

2014-01-01

65

Small Launch Vehicle Concept Development for Affordable Multi-Stage Inline Configurations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Concepts Office at NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center conducted a study of two configurations of a three-stage, inline, liquid propellant small launch vehicle concept developed on the premise of maximizing affordability by targeting a specific payload capability range based on current industry demand. The initial configuration, NESC-1, employed liquid oxygen as the oxidizer and rocket propellant grade kerosene as the fuel in all three stages. The second and more heavily studied configuration, NESC-4, employed liquid oxygen and RP-1 on the first and second stages and liquid oxygen and liquid methane fuel on the third stage. On both vehicles, sensitivity studies were first conducted on specific impulse and stage propellant mass fraction in order to baseline gear ratios and drive the focus of concept development. Subsequent sensitivity and trade studies on the NESC-4 concept investigated potential impacts to affordability due to changes in gross liftoff weight and/or vehicle complexity. Results are discussed at a high level to understand the impact severity of certain sensitivities and how those trade studies conducted can either affect cost, performance, or both.

Beers, Benjamin R.; Waters, Eric D.; Philips, Alan D.; Threet, Grady E. Jr.

2013-01-01

66

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.437 Section 203.437 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2013-04-01

67

National Low Income Housing Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Amid the successes of new residential housing developments throughout the United States, there are many policy analysts and community activists who remain concern about the general lack of affordable housing in some parts of the country. One such group is the National Low Income Housing Coalition, which is primarily focused on the creation and maintenance of housing for persons in the lowest income brackets. The site itself is quite rich in materials, including the AdvocateâÂÂs Guide which contains short chapters describing more than 60 housing-related programs, proposals, and issues. Another very useful set of documents are the âÂÂOut of Reachâ annual reports, which offer statistical data and summaries of the affordability (or lack of affordability) of housing options in different regions of the country.

2005-01-01

68

78 FR 38361 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Capacity Building for Community Development and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Rural Capacity Building for Community Development and Affordable Housing Program Fiscal...Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION: Announcement of funding...Rural Capacity Building for Community Development and Affordable Housing Program....

2013-06-26

69

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents` energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today`s results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

70

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents' energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today's results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

71

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Periodicals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) publishes periodicals aimed towards urban development professionals, policy makers, and scholars. This website brings all of these periodicals together in one place, and visitors can look through current and past issues of "Cityscape", and the quarterly report, "U.S. Housing Market Conditions". For those interested in a more general-interest publication, "Cityscape" is a good bet, as it contains pieces on housing vouchers, ethnically diverse urban neighborhoods, and the legacy of the Fair Housing Act. Finally, the "U.S. Housing Market Conditions" reports consist of statistical data and written reports on the quarterly status of economic and housing market trends for 10 geographical regions.

2006-01-01

72

Bay Ridge Gardens - Mixed Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit: Annapolis, Maryland. Building America Case Study: Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Under this project, Newport Partners (as part of the BA-PIRC research team) evaluated the installation, measured performance, and cost-effectiveness of efficiency upgrade measures for a tenant-in-place DER at the Bay Ridge multifamily (MF) development in Annapolis, Maryland. The design and construction phase of the Bay Ridge project was completed in August 2012. This report summarizes system commissioning, short-term test results, utility bill data analysis, and analysis of real-time data collected over a one-year period after the retrofit was complete. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a "base scope" retrofit which was estimated to achieve a 30%+ savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on 186 apartments, and a "DER scope" which was estimated to achieve 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on a 12-unit building. The base scope was applied to the entire apartment complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. A wide range of efficiency measures was applied to pursue this savings target for the DER building, including improvements/replacements of mechanical equipment and distribution systems, appliances, lighting and lighting controls, the building envelope, hot water conservation measures, and resident education. The results of this research build upon the current body of knowledge of multifamily retrofits. Towards this end, the research team has collected and generated data on the selection of measures, their estimated performance, their measured performance, and risk factors and their impact on potential measures.

Not Available

2013-10-01

73

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01...of public housing developments to tenant-based... Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC...of Public Housing Developments Required...

2013-04-01

74

77 FR 19750 - Office of Domestic Finance; Small Business, Community Development and Affordable Housing Policy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...202-622-0984; daniel.rourke@treasury.gov. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT...202-622-0984; daniel.rourke@treasury.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION...the program, please visit www.treasury.gov/sblf. Treasury plans to...

2012-04-02

75

77 FR 42831 - Office of Domestic Finance; Small Business, Community Development and Affordable Housing Policy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Washington, DC 20220; 202-622-0984; daniel.rourke@treasury.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Lending Survey...more details about the program, please visit www.treasury.gov/sblf. Treasury plans to conduct an annual...

2012-07-20

76

DEVELOPMENT AND MONITORING OF A SUSTAINABLE AFFORDABLE HOUSING COMMUNITY IN SOUTHWEST FLORIDA GULF COAST UNIVERSITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The planet will be improved due to less energy and therefore lowered carbon production, less water use in yards, greater use of native plant species in yards, and less runoff pollution from yards. ...

77

Affordable spectroscopy for 1m-class telescopes: recent developments and applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Doppler observations of exoplanet systems have been a very expensive technique, mainly due to the high costs of high-resolution stable spectrographs. Recent advances in instrumentation enable affordable Doppler planet detections with surprisingly small optical telescopes. We investigate the possibility of measuring Doppler reflex motion of planet hosting stars with small-aperture telescopes that have traditionally been neglected for this kind of studies. After thoroughly testing the recently developed and commercially available Shelyak eShel echelle spectrograph, we demonstrated that it is routinely possible to achieve velocity precision at the 100 m s-1 level, reaching down to ¬± 50 m s-1 for the best cases. We describe our off-the-shelf instrumentation, including a new 0.5m RC telescope at the Gothard Astrophysical Observatory of Loránd E&ötv&ös University equipped with an intermediate resolution fiber-fed echelle spectrograph. We present some follow-up radial velocity measurements of planet hosting stars and point out that updating the orbital solution of Doppler-planets is a very important task that can be fulfilled with sub-meter sized optical telescopes without requesting very expensive telescope times on 2—4 m (or larger) class telescopes.

Csák, B.; Kovács, J.; Szabó, Gy. M.; Kiss, L. L.; Dózsa, Á.; Sódor, Á.; Jankovics, I.

2014-03-01

78

Housing Management: Leadership Development Training for Tenant Councils.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program developed leadership training for tenant councils. The training sessions are geared to broadening the council's leadership base, clarifying its purposes and ...

1976-01-01

79

19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST PROPERTY LINE ADJACENT TO TREE AND RUNS ALONG SIDE OF SHED. LOOKING NORTH AND SLIGHTLY EAST FROM ADJOINING PROPERTY. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

80

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

81

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

82

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...expenses of community housing development organizations (CHDOs...of the community housing development organization. Such costs...compensation and benefits; employee education, training, and...

2013-04-01

83

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

84

Influence of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act on the Development of the Patient Centered Medical Home  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model of care incorporates many public health concepts. Some supporters of PCMH regard the Affordable Care Act (ACA) as legislation that will invigorate PCMH progress across the country. This policy analysis intends to understand the influence of the ACA on the development of PCMH. The policy analysis compares relevant sections of the ACA with

Anjali Rao

2012-01-01

85

Developing hybrid near-space technologies for affordable access to suborbital space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High power rockets and high altitude balloons are two near-space technologies that could be combined in order to provide access to the mesosphere and, eventually, suborbital space. This "rockoon" technology has been used by several large budget space programs before being abandoned in favor of even more expensive, albeit more accurate, ground launch systems. With the increased development of nano-satellites and atmospheric sensors, combined with rising interest in global atmospheric data, there is an increase in desire for affordable access to extreme altitudes that does not necessarily require the precision of ground launches. Development of hybrid near-space technologies for access to over 200k ft. on a small budget brings many challenges within engineering, systems integration, cost analysis, market analysis, and business planning. This research includes the design and simulation testing of all the systems needed for a safe and reusable launch system, the cost analysis for initial production, the development of a business plan, and the development of a marketing plan. This project has both engineering and scientific significance in that it can prove the space readiness of new technologies, raise their technology readiness levels (TRLs), expedite the development process, and also provide new data to the scientific community. It also has the ability to stimulate university involvement in the aerospace industry and help to inspire the next generation of workers in the space sector. Previous development of high altitude balloon/high power rocket hybrid systems have been undertaken by government funded military programs or large aerospace corporations with varying degrees of success. However, there has yet to be a successful flight with this type of system which provides access to the upper mesosphere in a university setting. This project will aim to design and analyze a viable system while testing the engineering process under challenging budgetary constraints. The technical, engineering, and systems integration challenges that will be investigated are rocket design, launch platform design, communications, ignition systems, recovery systems, and stabilization methods. This will be done using rocket performance simulation software, computer-aided design software, and computational fluid dynamic analysis software. The business planning is also an important part of this research. Through detailed market analysis, the needs for the proposed product/services being developed will be assessed. Through the combination of detailed cost analysis and the market needs, the economic viability of this launch system will be determined.

Badders, Brian David

86

Housing  

MedlinePLUS

... Homeless Assistance programs. For more information on housing programs, see HUD’s Online Library . Taking Care Of Yourself Doctor, Clinic, & Dental Visits Treatment Adherence Mental Health Substance Abuse Issues Sexual Health Nutrition & Food Safety Exercise Immunizations Aging With HIV ...

87

Advancing the human right to housing in post-Katrina New Orleans: discursive opportunity structures in housing and community development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In post-Katrina New Orleans, housing and community development (HCD) advocates clashed over the future of public housing. This case study examines the evolution of and limits to a human right to housing frame introduced by one non-governmental organization (NGO). Ferree's concept of the discursive opportunity structure and Bourdieu's social field ground this NGO's failure to advance aradical economic human rights

Leigh Graham

2012-01-01

88

THE HOUSING ENVIRONMENT AS A FACTOR IN CHILD DEVELOPMENT. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IN KANSAS CITY, MO., 208 NEGRO FIVE YEAR OLDS WERE STUDIED TO EXAMINE THE INFLUENCE OF HOUSING UPON CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND TO COMPARE THE RELATIVE INFLUENCE OF HOUSING ON HEAD START AND NON-HEAD START CHILDREN. FOUR GROUPS OF 52 CHILDREN EACH INCLUDED (1) HEAD START, PUBLIC HOUSING, (2) HEAD START, SLUM HOUSING, (3) NON-HEAD START, PUBLIC HOUSING,…

RICE, ROBERT R.

89

Housing Element Study. Citizen's Participation for the Golden Triangle Planning and Development District.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study examines the housing situation of the seven counties in the Golden Triangle Planning and Development District. Problems in the area of housing are identified and then a statement of obstacles, which are preventing the housing problems from being...

1972-01-01

90

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2010-04-01

91

Study To Determine the Extent of Compliance Among Developers/Sponsors With Advertising Guidelines for Fair Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Regulations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study, jointly supported by HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research and the Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity, was designed to determine the extent of compliance among housing developers / sponsors with Federal fair housing regulat...

J. A. Haig

1976-01-01

92

Repellent plants provide affordable natural screening to prevent mosquito house entry in tropical rural settings--results from a pilot efficacy study.  

PubMed

Sustained malaria control is underway using a combination of vector control, prompt diagnosis and treatment of malaria cases. Progress is excellent, but for long-term control, low-cost, sustainable tools that supplement existing control programs are needed. Conventional vector control tools such as indoor residual spraying and house screening are highly effective, but difficult to deliver in rural areas. Therefore, an additional means of reducing mosquito house entry was evaluated: the screening of mosquito house entry points by planting the tall and densely foliated repellent plant Lantana camara L. around houses. A pilot efficacy study was performed in Kagera Region, Tanzania in an area of high seasonal malaria transmission, where consenting families within the study village planted L. camara (Lantana) around their homes and were responsible for maintaining the plants. Questionnaire data on house design, socioeconomic status, malaria prevention knowledge, attitude and practices was collected from 231 houses with Lantana planted around them 90 houses without repellent plants. Mosquitoes were collected using CDC Light Traps between September 2008 and July 2009. Data were analysed with generalised negative binomial regression, controlling for the effect of sampling period. Indoor catches of mosquitoes in houses with Lantana were compared using the Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) relative to houses without plants in an adjusted analysis. There were 56% fewer Anopheles gambiae s.s. (IRR 0.44, 95% CI 0.28-0.68, p<0.0001); 83% fewer Anopheles funestus s.s. (IRR 0.17, 95% CI 0.09-0.32, p<0.0001), and 50% fewer mosquitoes of any kind (IRR 0.50, 95% CI 0.38-0.67, p<0.0001) in houses with Lantana relative to controls. House screening using Lantana reduced indoor densities of malaria vectors and nuisance mosquitoes with broad community acceptance. Providing sufficient plants for one home costs US $1.50 including maintenance and labour costs, (30 cents per person). L. camara mode of action and suitability for mosquito control is discussed. PMID:22022471

Mng'ong'o, Frank C; Sambali, Joseph J; Sabas, Eustachkius; Rubanga, Justine; Magoma, Jaka; Ntamatungiro, Alex J; Turner, Elizabeth L; Nyogea, Daniel; Ensink, Jeroen H J; Moore, Sarah J

2011-01-01

93

Repellent Plants Provide Affordable Natural Screening to Prevent Mosquito House Entry in Tropical Rural Settings--Results from a Pilot Efficacy Study  

PubMed Central

Sustained malaria control is underway using a combination of vector control, prompt diagnosis and treatment of malaria cases. Progress is excellent, but for long-term control, low-cost, sustainable tools that supplement existing control programs are needed. Conventional vector control tools such as indoor residual spraying and house screening are highly effective, but difficult to deliver in rural areas. Therefore, an additional means of reducing mosquito house entry was evaluated: the screening of mosquito house entry points by planting the tall and densely foliated repellent plant Lantana camara L. around houses. A pilot efficacy study was performed in Kagera Region, Tanzania in an area of high seasonal malaria transmission, where consenting families within the study village planted L. camara (Lantana) around their homes and were responsible for maintaining the plants. Questionnaire data on house design, socioeconomic status, malaria prevention knowledge, attitude and practices was collected from 231 houses with Lantana planted around them 90 houses without repellent plants. Mosquitoes were collected using CDC Light Traps between September 2008 and July 2009. Data were analysed with generalised negative binomial regression, controlling for the effect of sampling period. Indoor catches of mosquitoes in houses with Lantana were compared using the Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) relative to houses without plants in an adjusted analysis. There were 56% fewer Anopheles gambiae s.s. (IRR 0.44, 95% CI 0.28–0.68, p<0.0001); 83% fewer Anopheles funestus s.s. (IRR 0.17, 95% CI 0.09–0.32, p<0.0001), and 50% fewer mosquitoes of any kind (IRR 0.50, 95% CI 0.38–0.67, p<0.0001) in houses with Lantana relative to controls. House screening using Lantana reduced indoor densities of malaria vectors and nuisance mosquitoes with broad community acceptance. Providing sufficient plants for one home costs US $1.50 including maintenance and labour costs, (30 cents per person). L. camara mode of action and suitability for mosquito control is discussed.

Mng'ong'o, Frank C.; Sambali, Joseph J.; Sabas, Eustachkius; Rubanga, Justine; Magoma, Jaka; Ntamatungiro, Alex J.; Turner, Elizabeth L.; Nyogea, Daniel; Ensink, Jeroen H. J.; Moore, Sarah J.

2011-01-01

94

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.43c Section 203.43c Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2013-04-01

95

A Systems Approach to Developing an Affordable Space Ground Transportation Architecture using a Commonality Approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents a structured approach for achieving a compatible Ground System (GS) and Flight System (FS) architecture that is affordable, productive and sustainable. This paper is an extension of the paper titled "Approach to an Affordable and Productive Space Transportation System" by McCleskey et al. This paper integrates systems engineering concepts and operationally efficient propulsion system concepts into a structured framework for achieving GS and FS compatibility in the mid-term and long-term time frames. It also presents a functional and quantitative relationship for assessing system compatibility called the Architecture Complexity Index (ACI). This paper: (1) focuses on systems engineering fundamentals as it applies to improving GS and FS compatibility; (2) establishes mid-term and long-term spaceport goals; (3) presents an overview of transitioning a spaceport to an airport model; (4) establishes a framework for defining a ground system architecture; (5) presents the ACI concept; (6) demonstrates the approach by presenting a comparison of different GS architectures; and (7) presents a discussion on the benefits of using this approach with a focus on commonality.

Garcia, Jerry L.; McCleskey, Carey M.; Bollo, Timothy R.; Rhodes, Russel E.; Robinson, John W.

2012-01-01

96

HUD (Housing and Urban Development) Conference on Fair Housing Testing: Final Summary Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A key event in Federal promotion of fair housing, the HUD Conference on Fair Housing Testing, took place December 6 and 7, 1984. Approximately 250 representatives of fair housing groups and staff of Federal, State, and local fair housing agencies attended...

K. G. Heintz

1985-01-01

97

23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ORIGINALS - QUINCES - ALONG ROAD. THE EUCALYPTUS TO THE RIGHT IS JUST OUTSIDE THE SOUTHEAST CORNER PROPERTY LINE AND WAS INDICATED ON THE 1912 BURBANK PLAN. LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

98

Conventional Housing Conditions Attenuate the Development of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis  

PubMed Central

Background The etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) has remained unclear, but a causative contribution of factors outside the central nervous system (CNS) is conceivable. It was recently suggested that gut bacteria trigger the activation of CNS-reactive T cells and the development of demyelinative disease. Methods C57BL/6 (B6) mice were kept either under specific pathogen free or conventional housing conditions, immunized with the myelin basic protein (MBP)–proteolipid protein (PLP) fusion protein MP4 and the development of EAE was clinically monitored. The germinal center size of the Peyer’s patches was determined by immunohistochemistry in addition to the level of total IgG secretion which was assessed by ELISPOT. ELISPOT assays were also used to measure MP4-specific T cell and B cell responses in the Peyer’s patches and the spleen. Ear swelling assays were performed to determine the extent of delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions in specific pathogen free and conventionally housed mice. Results In B6 mice that were actively immunized with MP4 and kept under conventional housing conditions clinical disease was significantly attenuated compared to specific pathogen free mice. Conventionally housed mice displayed increased levels of IgG secretion in the Peyer’s patches, while the germinal center formation in the gut and the MP4-specific TH17 response in the spleen were diminished after immunization. Accordingly, these mice displayed an attenuated delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction in ear swelling assays. Conclusions The data corroborate the notion that housing conditions play a substantial role in the induction of murine EAE and suggest that the presence of gut bacteria might be associated with a decreased immune response to antigens of lower affinity. This concept could be of importance for MS and calls for caution when considering the therapeutic approach to treat patients with antibiotics.

Goecer, Oktay; Recks, Mascha S.; Kuerten, Stefanie

2014-01-01

99

75 FR 36245 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...health and the environment, promote equitable development, and help address...housing and urban development programs. This...respect to the environment has been made for...Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh...

2010-06-24

100

Role of vaccine manufacturers in developing countries towards global healthcare by providing quality vaccines at affordable prices.  

PubMed

Vaccines represent one of the greatest achievements of science and medicine in the fight against infectious diseases. Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective public health tools to prevent infectious diseases. Significant progress has been made in expanding the coverage of vaccines globally, resulting in the prevention of more than two million deaths annually. In 2010, nearly 200 countries endorsed a shared vision to extend the benefits of vaccines to every person by 2020, known as the Decade of Vaccine Initiative (DoV). Vaccine manufacturers in developing countries, as represented by the Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network (DCVMN), make a significant contribution to DoV by supplying quality vaccines at affordable prices to the people who need them most. About 70% of the global Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) vaccine supplies are met by DCVMN. Besides EPI vaccine supplies, DCVMN is also targeting vaccines against rotavirus, Japanese encephalitis, pneumonia, human papillomavirus, meningitis and neglected tropical diseases. This article reviews the roles and contributions of DCVMN in making the vaccines accessible and affordable to all. PMID:24476201

Jadhav, S; Gautam, M; Gairola, S

2014-05-01

101

Development and initial validation of the Observer-Rated Housing Quality Scale (OHQS) in a multisite trial of housing first.  

PubMed

Quality of housing has been shown to be related to health outcomes, including mental health and well-being, yet "objective" or observer-rated housing quality is rarely measured in housing intervention research. This may be due to a lack of standardized, reliable, and valid housing quality instruments. The objective of this research was to develop and validate the Observer-Rated Housing Quality Scale (OHQS) for use in a multisite trial of a "housing first" intervention for homeless individuals with mental illness. A list of 79 housing unit, building, and neighborhood characteristics was generated from a review of the relevant literature and three focus groups with consumers and housing service providers. The characteristics were then ranked by 47 researchers, consumers, and service providers on perceived importance, generalizability, universality of value, and evidence base. Items were then drafted, scaled (five points, half values allowed), and pretested in seven housing units and with seven raters using cognitive interviewing techniques. The draft scale was piloted in 55 housing units in Toronto and Winnipeg, Canada. Items were rated independently in each unit by two trained research assistants and a housing expert. Data were analyzed using classical psychometric approaches and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for inter-rater reliability. The draft scale consisted of 34 items assessing three domains: the unit, the building, and the neighborhood. Five of 18 unit items and 3 of 7 building items displayed ceiling or floor effects and were adjusted accordingly. Internal consistency was very good (Cronbach's alpha?=?0.90 for the unit items, 0.80 for the building items, and 0.92 total (unit and building)). Percent agreement ranged from 89 to 100 % within one response scale value and 67 to 91 % within one half scale value. Inter-rater reliability was also good (ICCs were 0.87 for the unit, 0.85 for the building, and 0.93 for the total scale). Three neighborhood items (e.g., distance to transit) were found to be most efficiently rated using publicly available information. The physical quality of housing can be reliably rated by trained but nonexpert raters using the OHQS. The tool has potential for improved measurement in housing-related health research, including addressing the limitations of self-report, and may also enable documenting the quality of housing that is provided by publicly funded housing programs. PMID:24477427

Adair, Carol E; Kopp, Brianna; Lavoie, Jennifer; Distasio, Jino; Hwang, Stephen W; Watson, Aimee; Veldhuizen, Scott; Chislett, Katherine; Voronka, Jijian; Ahmad, Muznah; Ahmed, Naveed; Goering, Paula

2014-04-01

102

Recycling in public housing: The Syracuse Housing Authority  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Syracuse Housing Authority (SHA, Syracuse, N.Y.) is to provide clean, safe, and affordable housing for low-income citizens of the city of Syracuse. In doing so, it has worked to be innovative. SHA owns and manages 12 federally funded housing developments and one New York state-funded project, in addition to managing two buildings owned by the city. After nearly 60 years of success in providing affordable housing in the Syracuse area, the pioneering SHA took on another daunting mission in the 1990s: modernization of waste collection and recycling. By the beginning of 1990, SHA was facing two mandates: to initiate a recycling program by July 1, as mandated by Onondaga County law, and to reduce its trash bill significantly.

Foote, K.C. [Onondaga Country Resource Recovery Agency, North Syracuse, NY (United States); DeVoe, J.F. [Syracuse Housing Agency, NY (United States)

1997-01-01

103

An international analysis of cigarette affordability  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate how affordable cigarettes are in developed and developing countries, and to calculate by how much the affordability of cigarettes has changed between 1990 and 2001; and secondly, to investigate the relation between cigarette affordability and consumption. Design: Affordability was defined as the cost of cigarettes relative to per capita income. Trends in cigarette affordability, and affordability elasticities of demand, were estimated using regression techniques. Subjects: Seventy countries were investigated, of which 28 are categorised as high income developed countries, while 42 are categorised as developing countries. Cigarette prices were obtained for the main city/cities in the countries. Results: Despite the fact that cigarettes are more expensive in developed countries, the high levels of income make cigarettes more affordable in these countries vis-à-vis developing countries. Of the 28 developed countries, cigarettes became more affordable in 11 and less affordable in 17 countries during the 1990s. Of the 42 developing countries, cigarettes became more affordable in 24 and less affordable in 18 countries. Based on a cross sectional analysis, a 1% increase in the relative income price (the inverse of cigarette affordability) is expected to decrease cigarette consumption by between 0.49–0.57%. Conclusions: Cigarette affordability, more than just the price, determines cigarette consumption. While cigarettes have become more affordable in many developing countries, some developing countries (for example, South Africa, Poland, and Thailand) have implemented strong and effective tobacco control policies, and have been able to decrease cigarette consumption as a result.

Blecher, E; van Walbeek, C P

2004-01-01

104

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3 -- Design Development and Prototyping  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective alternative envelope designs. In the near term, these technologies will play a central role in meeting stringent energy code requirements. For manufactured homes, the thermal requirements, last updated by statute in 1994, will move up to the more rigorous IECC 2012 levels in 2013, the requirements of which are consistent with site built and modular housing. This places added urgency on identifying envelope technologies that the industry can implement in the short timeframe. The primary goal of this research is to develop wall designs that meet the thermal requirements based on 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing the new envelope technologies. This work is part of a four-phase, multi-year effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three selected methods for building high performance wall systems. Phase 2 focused on the development of viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped critique and select the most viable solution to move further in the research -- stud walls with continuous exterior insulation. Phase 3, the subject of the current report, focused on the design development of the selected wall concept and explored variations on the use of exterior foam insulation. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing.

Levy, E.; Kessler, B.; Mullens, M.; Rath, P.

2014-01-01

105

Developing Technological and Pedagogical Affordances to Support Collaborative Inquiry Science Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One key feature of scientific community is collaborative shared enquiry and problem solving mediated by electronic networks. We report on the development and evaluation of an ICT tool to support learning how to learn together (L2L2) in Science Education as part of an EC funded project called "Metafora" (FP7-ICT-2009.4.2/257872). Through literature…

Pifarre, Manoli; Wegerif, Rupert; Guiral, Alba; del Barrio, Merce

2012-01-01

106

Senate stalling derails bill to fix Canada's law on affordable generic medicines for developing countries.  

PubMed

On 26 March 2011, when Parliament was dissolved for a federal election, Bill C-393 died on the Order Paper. The bill addressed flaws in Canada's Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR), which is supposed to facilitate the export of lower-cost medications, including HIV treatments, to developing countries. PMID:22165259

Amèrica-Simms, Lindsey; Elliott, Richard

2011-10-01

107

The affordances of actor network theory in ICT for development research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to use actor network theory (ANT) to examine the different phases – i.e. translation process – of an information and communication technology (ICT) initiative intended to bring development to underserved rural communities in the Peruvian Andes by providing access to computers and the internet. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper employs a holistic-multiple case study based on

Antonio Díaz-Andrade; Cathy Urquhart

2010-01-01

108

Testimony on Segregation and Housing Discrimination in the Hispanic Community, before Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development, Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, United States House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this testimony before the House Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development, the Director of Policy Analysis for the National Council of La Raza discusses the segregation and housing discrimination faced by Hispanic Americans. He contends that housing conditions for much of the Hispanic community are inadequate, due largely to low income…

National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC. Office of Research Advocacy and Legislation.

109

Air pollution control system research: An iterative approach to developing affordable systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) funded project led jointly by the Marine Corps Multi-Commodity Maintenance Centers, and the Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory (AEERL) of the USEPA. The research focuses on paint booth exhaust minimization using recirculation, and on volatile organic compound (VOC) oxidation by the modules of a hybrid air pollution control system. The research team is applying bench, pilot and full scale systems to accomplish the goals of reduced cost and improved effectiveness of air treatment systems for paint booth exhaust.

Watt, Lewis C.; Cannon, Fred S.; Heinsohn, Robert J.; Spaeder, Timothy A.

1995-01-01

110

Achieving Innovation and Affordability Through Standardization of Materials Development and Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The successful expansion of development, innovation, and production within the aeronautics industry during the 20th century was facilitated by collaboration of government agencies with the commercial aviation companies. One of the initial products conceived from the collaboration was the ANC-5 Bulletin, first published in 1937. The ANC-5 Bulletin had intended to standardize the requirements of various government agencies in the design of aircraft structure. The national space policy shift in priority for NASA with an emphasis on transferring the travel to low earth orbit to commercial space providers highlights an opportunity and a need for the national and global space industries. The same collaboration and standardization that is documented and maintained by the industry within MIL-HDBK-5 (MMPDS-01) and MIL-HBDK-17 (nonmetallic mechanical properties) can also be exploited to standardize the thermal performance properties, processing methods, test methods, and analytical methods for use in aircraft and spacecraft design and associated propulsion systems. In addition to the definition of thermal performance description and standardization, the standardization for test methods and analysis for extreme environments (high temperature, cryogenics, deep space radiation, etc) would also be highly valuable to the industry. Its subsequent revisions and conversion to MIL-HDBK-5 and then MMPDS-01 established and then expanded to contain standardized mechanical property design values and other related design information for metallic materials used in aircraft, missiles, and space vehicles. It also includes guidance on standardization of composition, processing, and analytical methods for presentation and inclusion into the handbook. This standardization enabled an expansion of the technologies to provide efficiency and reliability to the consumers. It can be established that many individual programs within the government agencies have been overcome with development costs generated from these nonstandard requirements. Without industry standardization and acceptance, the programs are driven to shoulder the costs of determining design requirements, performance criteria, and then material qualification and certification. A significant investment that the industry could make to both reduce individual program development costs and schedules while expanding commercial space flight capabilities would be to invest in standardizing material performance properties for high temperature, cryogenic, and deep space environments for both metallic and nonmetallic materials.

Bray, M. H.; Zook, L. M.; Raley, R. E.; Chapman, C.

2011-01-01

111

Annual Demographic Data for Migrant Family Housing Centers: 1985 Harvest Season.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California, largest employer of seasonal labor in the United States, employs an average of 119,600 seasonal farmworkers per year. To ease problems of housing this seasonal workforce, the State Department of Housing and Community Development's Office of Migrant Services contracts with local government agencies to provide decent/affordable housing

California State Dept. of Housing and Community Development, Sacramento.

112

Supportive Housing: Implications for its Efficacy as Intervention with Special Needs Low-income African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this pilot study, the authors examine the efficacy of supportive housing, which combines affordable housing with social services, in helping low-income single mothers in substance abuse recovery with relapse prevention and acquiring life skills to improve their economic conditions. Study subjects were residents of Delowe Village Apartments, a supportive housing development in East Point, Georgia, who participated in Project

Carol S. Collard; Rufus Larkin

2008-01-01

113

Neighborhood Development Program, Colorado A-2, West Side Housing, Denver, Colorado.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project is a Neighborhood Development Program and housing program to provide low and moderate and medium income housing in an area just west of the Central Business District of Denver, Colorado. The project will remove 47 businesses and 275 housing un...

1973-01-01

114

The Effects of Project Head Start and Differential Housing Environments Upon Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tests the influence of various combinations of housing environments with both the participation and nonparticipation of disadvantaged children in a special enrichment program. Three hypotheses are put forth: (1) children living in public housing will exhibit greater growth and development than children living in substandard housing; (2)…

Rice, Robert R.

115

Usability evaluation of in-housed developed ERP system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Enterprise Resource Planning systems are the combination of different business IS (Information System) applications that are designed according to the organization requirements. Generally ERP systems are suffering from complex user interface issues. Recent research shows that there is a need for improvement concerning, the user interface from their perspectives. In order to design the software applications that are easy to use, memorize and apply to new problems, we must know the users philosophy and something about learning, reminiscence and problems solving. The Usability engineering is the only way to study the deeds of users while interacting with ERP (Enterprise Resource & Planning). This paper will focus on the users' experiences view of financial module in ERP system. The HCI research method, explicitly survey questionnaire method was adopted to gather users understanding in order to evaluate the selected modules for in-housed ERP system. The study involved group of users from two industries, the results can not be generalized as a whole. The study was first time successfully applied Usability evaluation on in-housed ERP in local industry (Masood Textile Mills, Interloop Ltd) in Pakistan. The results may hopefully opened-up an area of research and methodology that could provide considerable further benefits to Industry in developments of Industrial information systems.

Faisal, Chaudhry Muhammad Nadeem; Shakeel Faridi, Muhammad; Javed, Zahid

2011-10-01

116

An in-house developed annular bright field detection system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Annular bright field (ABF) detectors have been developed in the last few years allowing the direct imaging of low-Z atoms from oxygen down to hydrogen. These types of detectors are now available as standard attachments for the latest generation of top-end electron microscopes. However these systems cannot always be installed in previous generation microscopes. In this paper we report the preliminary results of an in-house implementation of a ABF detection system on a CEOS aberration corrected JEOL 2200FS STEM. This has been obtained by exploiting the standard BF detector coupled with a high vacuum compatible, X-ray tight and retractable shadowing mechanism. This results in the acquisition of near zero-angle scattered electrons with inner collection semi-angle from 2.0 mrad to 23 mrad and outer semi-angle in the range from 3.0 mrad to 35 mrad. The characteristics and performances of this ABF detection system are discussed.

Lari, Leonardo; Wright, Ian; Pingstone, Daniel; Steward, Jonathan; Gilks, Daniel; Lazarov, Vlado K.

2014-06-01

117

House Poor in Los Angeles: Examining Patterns of Housing-Induced Poverty by Race, Nativity, and Legal Status*  

PubMed Central

Housing affordability in the United States is generally operationalized using the ratio approach, with those allocating more than thirty percent of income to shelter costs considered to have housing affordability challenges. Alternative standards have been developed that focus on residual income, whether income remaining after housing expenditures is sufficient to meet non-housing needs. This study employs Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey data to consider racial/ethnic, nativity and legal status differences in one residual income standard. Logistic regression analyses of housing-induced poverty focus on whether there are differences among five distinct groups: U.S.born Latinos, Non-Hispanic Whites, and African Americans, authorized Latino immigrants, and unauthorized Latino immigrants. Results suggest that: 1) Latino natives are significantly more likely to be in housing-induced poverty than African Americans and Latino immigrants, and 2) unauthorized Latino immigrants are not more likely to experience the outcome than other groups. The present work extends previous research. First, the results provide additional evidence of the value of operationalizing housing affordability using a residual income standard. Alternatives to the ratio approach deserve more empirical attention from a wider range of scholars and policymakers interested in housing affordability. Second, housing scholarship to date generally differentiates among Latinos by ethnicity, nativity, and citizenship. The present study contributes to emerging research investigating heterogeneity among Latinos by nativity and legal status.

McConnell, Eileen Diaz

2013-01-01

118

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING...of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable...of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 (12 U...Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25...

2013-04-01

119

ADVANCED WASTE TREATMENT FOR HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Treatment of wastewater from a subdivision in a physical-chemical treatment plant (screening, chemical coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, carbon adsorption, chlorination) was evaluated. The 190 cu m/day (50,000 gal/day) plant was housed in the shell of a standard house on a ...

120

Affordability and other factors affecting the purchase of energy-efficient manufactured homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) conducted this study to evaluate the manufactured home owner`s purchase decision process and to provide Bonneville with a better understanding of how consumers view a manufactured home`s affordability and energy efficiency. This study addresses manufactured homes built under the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) standards; these

M. P. Hattrup; A. D. Lee; L. J. Sandahl; S. A. Onisko

1993-01-01

121

An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy.  

PubMed

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy(-1) can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min(-1)) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37 degrees C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding +/-30 degrees C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations. PMID:20090184

Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

2010-02-21

122

Child Care in the Southern States: Expanding Access to Affordable Care for Low-Income Families and Fostering Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on the financial aspects of child care from the perspective of families and government. The need for affordable child care in the Southern states is illustrated in a series of state-by-state charts and graphs. Information on the percentage of low-income families that receive help paying for child care in each state is also…

Stoney, Louise

123

Indoor nitrogen dioxide in five Chattangooga, Tennessee public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes an indoor nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}) sampling study conducted during January through March of 1987 in five Chattanooga public housing developments. The origins of this study date to the summer of 1983 when the Piney Woods Community Organization (a citizens action group) expressed concern about toxic industrial air pollution and the effects it might have on their community. In response to these concerns, the Chattanooga-Hamilton County Air Pollution Control Bureau (Bureau) requested assistance from the Tennessee Department of Health and Environment (TDHE) in conducting a community health survey and assistance from the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in conducting a community air quality measurement program. The TDHE community health study did not find any significant differences between the mortality statistics for the Piney Woods community and a demographically similar control group. However, a health survey revealed that Piney Woods residents did not have a statistically significant higher self-reported prevalence of cough, wheezing, phlegm, breathlessness, colds, and respiratory illness.

Parkhurst, W.J.; Harper, J.P. (Tennessee Valley Authority (US)); Spengler, J.D.; Fraumeni, L.P.; Majahad, A.M. (Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA (US)); Cropp, J.W. (Chattanooga-Hamilton County Air Pollution Control Bureau, Chattanooga, TN (US))

1988-01-01

124

Housing Quality and Access to Material and Learning Resources within the Home Environment in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined home environment conditions (housing quality, material resources, formal and informal learning materials) and their relations with the Human Development Index (HDI) in 28 developing countries. Home environment conditions in these countries varied widely. The quality of housing and availability of material resources at home were…

Bradley, Robert H.; Putnick, Diane L.

2012-01-01

125

Technology Roadmapping for Manufactured Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document focuses specifically on manufactured housing. The Roadmap offers a vision of how the factory built housing industry, already the nation's primary supplier of affordable homes, will continue to create and apply new technologies that increase ...

2003-01-01

126

Affordable MWIR staring sensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1993, FLIR SYStems, Inc. developed and established production of an MWIR staring sensor based upon affordable and reliable platinum silicide staring focal plane array technology. This sensor incorporates many new features in addition to the FPA technology that makes it well suited for a wide variety of applications. The FPA is a 240 X 320 area array of Schottky detectors read out in a snap shot progressive scan mode. The FPA architecture is a hybrid bump bonded detector to a CCD readout for high sensitivity and uniformity. The sensor uses a new miniature linear cooler with an integral dewar; this approach provides unsurpassed reliability and low power at affordable cost. The sensor electronics contain electronically programmable logic to read out the FPA and format the detector gain and offset nonuniformity correction circuitry. The video output can be controlled by manual gain/level or by automatic mode. The optics are designed to be low cost, light weight and easily interchangeable to serve a wide variety of applications. The sensor is designed to support all video formats and be user friendly. The compact size and low power is well suited for portable applications.

Gates, James L.; Causley, Gary; Hayden, Bob; Licata, John; Rees, Roger; Weaver, James

1994-07-01

127

Woningvoorraad en woningverwarming. Ontwikkeling en tendensen. (Housing stock and space heating. Developments and trends).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results from the computer models WOVESTAT and WOVEGAS with regard to the development of the housing stock, space heating, gas consumption and emissions of CO(sub 2) and NO(sub x) are presented for the Netherlands. First a brief history of the housing ...

J. M. Bais

1990-01-01

128

Development of a Compact Maglev Centrifugal Blood Pump Enclosed in a Titanium Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A compact centrifugal blood pump consisting of a controlled two-degrees-of-freedom radial magnetic bearing and a brushless DC motor enclosed in a titanium housing has been developed for use as an implantable ventricular assist device. The magnetic bearing also supports axial and angular motions of the impeller via a magnetic coupling. The top housing is made of pure titanium, while the

Chi Nan Pai; Tadahiko Shinshi; Junichi Asama; Setsuo Takatani; Akira Shimokohbe

2008-01-01

129

Surge arresters in composite housings - new developments and long term experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the development of surge arresters in composite housings and their use in practical applications for over 15 years, as well as additional information on the latest results of continuous R&D-activities. The design of the housing has been adapted to the arrester's characteristics, particularly with respect to the pressure relief capability, which is extremely important.

Lars Klingbeil; Ulrich Bauch

2008-01-01

130

Development of an Electric Powered Tiller for House Gardening  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the design, manufacturing, analysis, control, and experimental activities in which a student conducted for a motor-powered tiller for house gardening work. In Japan, the engagement in agricultural business was decreased to 50% during the past 20 years, and labor-saving and efficiency has been demanded. Besides, the elderly engagements are about 50 %. In this research, a student

Haruo Sakamoto

2007-01-01

131

Child Development and the Housing Environment. Volume 3: Literature Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the final part of a three-volume study, this review focuses on housing as an instrument of environmental change with particular emphasis on socioeconomic rather than physical dimensions. Three literature orientations relating to the effectiveness of intervention in the lives of the poor are used for review. They are (1) literature that is…

Urban Systems Research and Engineering, Inc., Cambridge, MA.

132

The Development of the Index 21 Housing Layout Tool: The A ssessment of Non-Monetary Environmental Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

I n recent years mass housing developments, built by speculative developers in Scotland, has broadly focused on economically led strategies, with housing built to high densities. Current methods of development have widely ignored environmental issues. In contrast, the wider issues of sustainability, and consequently housing developments, have become ever more complex. Yet local planning authorities are required to incorporate these

J. Scott; G. Deveci; B. Brogden

133

Housing and Health: Time Again for Public Health Action  

PubMed Central

Poor housing conditions are associated with a wide range of health conditions, including respiratory infections, asthma, lead poisoning, injuries, and mental health. Addressing housing issues offers public health practitioners an opportunity to address an important social determinant of health. Public health has long been involved in housing issues. In the 19th century, health officials targeted poor sanitation, crowding, and inadequate ventilation to reduce infectious diseases as well as fire hazards to decrease injuries. Today, public health departments can employ multiple strategies to improve housing, such as developing and enforcing housing guidelines and codes, implementing “Healthy Homes” programs to improve indoor environmental quality, assessing housing conditions, and advocating for healthy, affordable housing. Now is the time for public health to create healthier homes by confronting substandard housing.

Krieger, James; Higgins, Donna L.

2002-01-01

134

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Nondiscrimination against rental assistance subsidy holders. The Awardee shall require...Self-employment income from owned non-farm business, including proprietorships and partnerships; (C) Farm self-employment income; (D)...

2013-01-01

135

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...income shall include income from all household members. (2) One of the following three definitions of âannual incomeâ must...sources of income received regularly, including Veterans' (VA) payments, unemployment compensation, and alimony; and...

2012-01-01

136

Rental Housing Assistance: The Worsening Crisis: A Report to Congress on Worst Case Housing Needs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) released at the end of March a report to Congress on what it terms "the worsening crisis" in affordable rental housing. Surprisingly, in a period of unparalleled economic growth, the housing affordability crisis facing very-low-income renters continues to deepen as a record high 5.4 million renter households are "experiencing worst case needs for housing assistance." The number of available units is down while the number of working families and minority families affected is up. The report includes 28 "exhibits" (charts, graphs, and accompanying analysis) documenting the data as well as the text of the report itself, which offers an introduction, findings, policy implicationsand four appendices of data and analysis.

137

76 FR 73989 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-09...Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 AGENCY: Office of the...authority under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 and HUD's...

2011-11-29

138

Housing Quality and Access to Material and Learning Resources within the Home Environment in Developing Countries  

PubMed Central

This study examined home environment conditions (housing quality, material resources, formal and informal learning materials) and their relations with the Human Development Index (HDI) in 28 developing countries. Home environment conditions in these countries varied widely. The quality of housing and availability of material resources at home were consistently tied to HDI; the availability of formal and informal learning materials little less so. Gross domestic product (GDP) tended to show a stronger independent relation with housing quality and material resources than life expectancy and education. Formal learning resources were independently related to the GDP and education indices, and informal learning resources were not independently related to any constituent indices of the overall HDI.

Bradley, Robert H.; Putnick, Diane L.

2011-01-01

139

External Validity of Policy Related Research on Development Controls and Housing Costs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is organized in three parts. The first part is a broad review of the literature on development controls and housing costs from three perspectives: urban guidance, residential investment and reasonable protection. The second part systematically...

E. M. Bergman P. C. Emmi C. H. Green E. E. Malizia D. C. Niehus

1974-01-01

140

75 FR 38514 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Challenge Planning Grants and the Department of Transportation's TIGER II Planning Grants Correction In notice document 2010-15353 beginning on page 36246 in the issue of Thursday, June 24,...

2010-07-02

141

Affordability Analysis for DARPA Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

n recent years, an affordability analysis has become important for understanding the investments and the payoffs for all types of projects. Competing claims on a shrinking defense budget means that not every idea, no matter how technically sound, can be developed. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) undertakes high-risk, high-payoff endeavors that involve advanced technologies. There are special challenges

W. M. KROSHL; P. P. PANDOLFINI

2000-01-01

142

DOE-HUD Initiative on Energy Efficiency in Housing: A federal partnership. Program summary report  

SciTech Connect

One of the primary goals of the US Department of Housing and urban Development (HUD) is the expansion of home ownership and affordable housing opportunities. Recognizing that energy efficiency is a key component in an affordable housing strategy, HUD and the US Department of Energy (DOE) created the DOE-HUD Initiative on Energy Efficiency in Housing. The DOE-HUD Initiative was designed to share the results of DOE research with housing providers throughout the nation, to reduce energy costs in federally-subsidized dwelling units and improve their affordability and comfort. This Program Summary Report provides an overview of the DOE-HUD Initiative and detailed project descriptions of the twenty-seven projects carried out with Initiative funding.

Brinch, J. [Energetics, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States)

1996-06-01

143

Annual Demographic Data for Migrant Family Housing Centers: 1986 Harvest Season.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California, largest employer of seasonal labor in the United States, employs an average of 119,600 seasonal farmworkers per year. Since 1966 the State Department of Housing and Community Development's Office of Migrant Services has contracted with local government agencies to provide decent/affordable housing for approximately 50,220 families…

California State Dept. of Housing and Community Development, Sacramento.

144

NASA in-house Commercially Developed Space Facility (CDSF) study report. Volume 1: Concept configuration definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a NASA in-house team effort to develop a concept definition for a Commercially Developed Space Facility (CDSF) are presented. Science mission utilization definition scenarios are documented, the conceptual configuration definition system performance parameters qualified, benchmark operational scenarios developed, space shuttle interface descriptions provided, and development schedule activity was assessed with respect to the establishment of a proposed launch date.

Deryder, L. J.; Chiger, H. D.; Deryder, D. D.; Detweiler, K. N.; Dupree, R. L.; Gillespie, V. P.; Hall, J. B.; Heck, M. L.; Herrick, D. C.; Katzberg, S. J.

1989-01-01

145

Object recognition using visuo-affordance maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major challenges in developing autonomous systems is to make them able to recognize and categorize objects robustly. However, the appearance-based algorithms that are widely employed for robot perception do not explore the functionality of objects, described in terms of their affordances. These affordances (e.g., manipulation, grasping) are discriminative for object categories and are important cues for reliable

Arjan Gijsberts; Tatiana Tommasi; Giorgio Metta; Barbara Caputo

2010-01-01

146

Condensed tannins inhibit house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) development in livestock manure.  

PubMed

Reducing chemical use for suppressing internal and external parasites of livestock is essential for protecting environmental health. Although plant condensed tannins are known to suppress gastro-intestinal parasites in small ruminants, no research on the effects of tannins on external arthropod populations such as the house fly, Musca domestica L., have been conducted. We examined the impact of plant material containing condensed tannins on house fly development. Prairie acacia (Acacia angustissima (Mill.), Kuntze variety hirta (Nutt.) B.L. Rob.) herbage, panicled tick-clover (Desmodium paniculatum (L.) DC.) herbage, and quebracho (Shinopsis balansae Engl.) extracts were introduced at rates of 1, 3 or 5% condensed tannins/kg beef cattle, dairy cattle, and goat manure, respectively. In a second experiment, we also introduce purified catechin at 1 or 3% of dairy manure dry matter and measured its impact on house fly development. For the house flies used in these experiments, the following was recorded: percent fly emergence (PFE), average daily gain (ADG), and average fly weight (AFW). No effects (P>0.05) in house fly development were measured in the caprine manure. Prairie acacia (20.9% condensed tannins) had no effect on house flies developing in either bovine manures. Tick clover (4.9% condensed tannins) had a negative effect on all three quantifiable variables of house fly development in the bovine manures, whereas quebracho extract (64.0% condensed tannins) at the 3 and 5% rate reduced fly emergence in beef manure and average daily gain in dairy manure. The application of purified catechin at 3%, but not 1%, reduced fly PFE, ADG, and AFW. PMID:22217775

Littlefield, Kimberly A; Muir, James P; Lambert, Barry D; Tomberlin, Jeffery K

2011-12-01

147

Affordable Care Act.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (PPACA), although a subject of much debate in the Unites States, was enacted on March 23, 2010, and upheld by the Supreme Court on June 28, 2012. This act advocates that "healthcare is a right, not a privilege." The main goals of PPACA are to minimize the number of uninsured Americans and make healthcare available to everyone at an affordable price. The Congressional Budget Office has determined that 94% of Americans will have healthcare coverage while staying under the $900 billion limit that President Barack Obama established by bending the healthcare cost curve and reducing the deficit over the next 10 years. PMID:23767130

Rak, Sofija; Coffin, Janis

2013-01-01

148

Affordability Approaches for Human Space Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design and development of historical NASA Programs (Apollo, Shuttle and International Space Station), have been based on pre-agreed missions which included specific pre-defined destinations (e.g., the Moon and low Earth orbit). Due to more constrained budget profiles, and the desire to have a more flexible architecture for Mission capture as it is affordable, NASA is working toward a set of Programs that are capability based, rather than mission and/or destination specific. This means designing for a performance capability that can be applied to a specific human exploration mission/destination later (sometime years later). This approach does support developing systems to flatter budgets over time, however, it also poses the challenge of how to accomplish this effectively while maintaining a trained workforce, extensive manufacturing, test and launch facilities, and ensuring mission success ranging from Low Earth Orbit to asteroid destinations. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in support of Exploration Systems Directorate (ESD) in Washington, DC has been developing approaches to track affordability across multiple Programs. The first step is to ensure a common definition of affordability: the discipline to bear cost in meeting a budget with margin over the life of the program. The second step is to infuse responsibility and accountability for affordability into all levels of the implementing organization since affordability is no single person s job; it is everyone s job. The third step is to use existing data to identify common affordability elements organized by configuration (vehicle/facility), cost, schedule, and risk. The fourth step is to analyze and trend this affordability data using an affordability dashboard to provide status, measures, and trends for ESD and Program level of affordability tracking. This paper will provide examples of how regular application of this approach supports affordable and therefore sustainable human space exploration architecture.

Holladay, Jon; Smith, David Alan

2012-01-01

149

Taking the Evolutionary Road to Developing an In-House Cost Estimate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the process and some of the problems and challenges of developing an In-House Cost Estimate (IHCE). Using as an example the Space Network Ground Segment Sustainment (SGSS) project, the presentation reviews the phases for developing a Cost estimate within the project to estimate government and contractor project costs to support a budget request.

Jacintho, David; Esker, Lind; Herman, Frank; Lavaque, Rodolfo; Regardie, Myma

2011-01-01

150

The Impact of University Housing Construction Type on Psychosocial Development of First-Year Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of university housing construction type on psychosocial development of first-year students. Data were collected at a large, four-year, public, research university in the Southeast using the Student Development Task and Lifestyle Assessment. The population considered for this study consisted of…

Owens, Justin Tyler

2010-01-01

151

Housing Rural Communities: Connecting Rural Dwellings to Rural Development in Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the interaction between rural development policy and planning policies for rural housing within the context of Ireland. Drawing on an interpretive approach to policy analysis, the paper examines competing narratives of ‘the rural’ within the policy arena that underpin a fragmented approach to rural sustainable development. The evidence points to a disconnection between these spheres of public

Mark Scott; Michael Murray

2009-01-01

152

Preserving Multifamily Rental Housing: Improving Financial Options in New Jersey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NJ' privately owned multifamily rental housing plays a critical role in providing affordable housing throughout the state. Small entrepreneurs operating small and medium size rental buildings in urban areas struggle to provide housing in relatively low-co...

2000-01-01

153

Affordable Care Act and Women  

MedlinePLUS

... Myspace Close Text Size: A A A The Affordable Care Act and Women The Affordable Care Act is making health insurance coverage more affordable and ... coverage that meets their unique health needs. The Affordable Care Act invests in prevention and wellness , and gives women ...

154

Risk Behavior and Perception Among Youths Residing in Urban Public Housing Developments  

PubMed Central

The scientific literature and popular media suggest that variations in housing structure and neighborhood influence risk behaviors among youths living in low-income urban communities. To explore the importance of these factors on early sexual intercourse, substance use, drug trafficking, and school truancy, data from a community-based survey, conducted in six public housing developments in a major eastern metropolis, were analyzed. The survey group consisted of 300 youths aged 9 through 15 years. There were minimal differences in three potential mediators of risk behaviors (e.g., perceived social support, parenting style, and perceived risk exposure) and in self-reported adolescent risk behaviors among youths residing in different housing developments and between youths residing in high-rise and in low-rise structures. These findings do not support the hypothesis that within a risk-dense low-income environment, variations in building structure or in neighborhood are associated with differences in adolescent risk behaviors.

Li, Xiaoming; Stanton, Bonita; Black, Maureen M.; Romer, Daniel; Ricardo, Izabel; Kaljee, Linda

1994-01-01

155

Promoting health and advancing development through improved housing in low-income settings.  

PubMed

There is major untapped potential to improve health in low-income communities through improved housing design, fittings, materials and construction. Adverse effects on health from inadequate housing can occur through a range of mechanisms, both direct and indirect, including as a result of extreme weather, household air pollution, injuries or burns, the ingress of disease vectors and lack of clean water and sanitation. Collaborative action between public health professionals and those involved in developing formal and informal housing could advance both health and development by addressing risk factors for a range of adverse health outcomes. Potential trade-offs between design features which may reduce the risk of some adverse outcomes whilst increasing the risk of others must be explicitly considered. PMID:23271143

Haines, Andy; Bruce, Nigel; Cairncross, Sandy; Davies, Michael; Greenland, Katie; Hiscox, Alexandra; Lindsay, Steve; Lindsay, Tom; Satterthwaite, David; Wilkinson, Paul

2013-10-01

156

Build and organize community maintained and managed gardens on the rooftops of state-owned affordable housing units to provide the com- munity unifying and useful space, a sense of empowerment, a source of healthy foods, and decreased energy costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communities living in the large public housing projects of New York City live in concentrated poverty and face a battery of difficulties that go far beyond fi- nancial constraints. Higher than average rates of nutritional disease, depression, and feelings of isolation are just a few of the stresses felt by these communi- ties. These basic problems should be addressed so

Lindsey Gael

157

Forests on the Edge: Housing Development on America's Private Forests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The private working land base of America's forests is being converted to developed uses, with implications for the condition and management of affected private forests and the watersheds in which they occur. The Forests on the Edge project seeks to improv...

S. M. Stein R. E. McRoberts R. J. Alig M. D. Nelson D. M. Theobold M. Eley M. Dechter M. Carr

2005-01-01

158

Improved affordability of high precision submarine inertial navigation by insertion of rapidly developing fiber optic gyro technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life cycle cost containment of the strategic weapons system (SWS), without loss of ultra high performance, is a very important goal of the entire Navy Strategic Systems Program community. Boeing is responding by guiding large advances in the state-of-the art of fiber optic gyro technology and developing a new associated navigation system. All of the very stringent strategic weapons system

Dwayne W. Heckman; LT Michael Baretela

2000-01-01

159

The Affordances of Blogging as a Practice to Support Ninth-Grade Science Teachers' Identity Development as Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, teacher leadership is being recognized as an essential ingredient in education reforms; however, few teachers consider themselves leaders. Becoming a leader is not just acquiring knowledge and skills for leadership, but developing a new "professional identity." As teachers become leaders, however, this identity might put…

Hanuscin, Deborah L.; Cheng, Ya-Wen; Rebello, Carina; Sinha, Somnath; Muslu, Nilay

2014-01-01

160

Comparison of in-house developed ELISA with HPLC for measurement of hba1c.  

PubMed

In-house developed ELISA for HbA1c was evaluated in comparison with Bio-Rad D-10 Dual Program (HPLC). % HbA1c was estimated using said methods in 40 blood samples. Intra and inter assay coefficient of variation (CV) were in acceptable range i.e., <3%. HbA1c results obtained by two methods showed good correlation, (y = 0.8942x + 0.7229 R2 = 0.877). Sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive value for in-house ELISA classifying patients as controlled and uncontrolled diabetes against HPLC were recorded as 87%, 94.1%, 95.0%, and 93.8%, respectively, while accuracy of the test was 90.0%. In-house ELISA for HbA1c is not only accurate, cost effective and simple but also precise comparable to HPLC in deciding glycemic status of patients. PMID:23656250

Mohsin, Saima Naz; Ghafoor, Farkhanda; Aasim, Muhammad

2013-01-01

161

How Well Are We Housed. 3. Blacks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Third in a series on how the nation's citizens are housed, this volume focuses on the physical adequacy and affordability of housing for blacks. The housing of blacks is more than twice as often physically flawed as is the housing of the total population....

R. Limmer

1979-01-01

162

Surveying a Chicago Public Housing Development: Methodological Challenges and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the winter and spring of 2003, the Survey Research Laboratory conducted a survey of residents of the Ida Wells and Madden Park housing developments on Chicago's near-south side. This article reviews existing research findings on using indigenous interviewers and reports the findings about the benefits and challenges of using residents as…

Holbrook, Allyson L.; Farrar, Isabel C.; Popkin, Susan J.

2006-01-01

163

Logos, Ethos, Pathos, and Ecos: Neighborhood Housing Design Research and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an overview of a community-based teaching and learning project linking sustainability, working family housing, neighborhood social capital, and urban design research and development. The article foregrounds principles and protocols that can be used to measure community effectiveness and it highlights a basis for further…

Abell, John H.

2010-01-01

164

Development of a Simultaneous Extraction and Cleanup Method for Pyrethroid Pesticides from Indoor House Dust Samples  

EPA Science Inventory

An ef¿cient and reliable analytical method was developed for the sensitive and selective quanti¿cation of pyrethroid pesticides (PYRs) in house dust samples. The method is based on selective pressurized liquid extraction (SPLE) of the dust-bound PYRs into dichloromethane (DCM) wi...

165

Making new vaccines affordable: a comparison of financing processes used to develop and deploy new meningococcal and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines.  

PubMed

Mechanisms to increase access to health products are varied and controversial. Two innovative mechanisms have been used to accelerate the development of low-price supply lines for conjugate vaccines. The Meningitis Vaccine Project is a so-called push mechanism that facilitated technology transfer to an Indian company to establish capacity to manufacture a vaccine. The Advanced Market Commitment for pneumococcal vaccines is a so-called pull mechanism that guarantees companies a supplement paid in addition to the purchase price for vaccines for a specific period. We compare these approaches, identifying key dimensions of each and considering their potential for replication. We also discuss issues that the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI) face now that these new vaccines are available. Progress towards GAVI's strategic aims is needed and funding is crucial. Approaches that decrease the financial pressure on GAVI and greatly increase political and financial engagement by low-income countries should also be considered. PMID:21664678

Hargreaves, James R; Greenwood, Brian; Clift, Charles; Goel, Akshay; Roemer-Mahler, Anne; Smith, Richard; Heymann, David L

2011-11-26

166

24 CFR 1006.205 - Development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...disabled persons; and (iii) Energy-related improvements; (8) Site improvement, including recreational areas and playgrounds for use by residents of affordable housing and on-site streets and sidewalks; (9) The development of utilities...

2009-04-01

167

Analysis of Housing Partnerships using the Balanced Scorecard framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing Partnerships (HPs) are collaborative arrangements that assist communities in the delivery of affordable housing by combining the strengths of the public and private sectors. They emerged in several states, counties, and cities in the eighties as innovative solutions to the challenges in affordable housing resulting from changing dynamics of delivery and production. ^ My study examines HPs with particular

Zhayda Garzon

2011-01-01

168

Early focus development effort, ultrasonic inspection of fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ultrasonic technique was developed for the fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline that will support the Flight 15 time frame and subsequent motors. The technique has the capability to detect a 1.0 inch diameter unbond with a 90 percent probability of detection (POD) at a 95 percent confidence level. The technique and support equipment will perform within the working envelope dictated by a stacked motor configuration.

Hartmann, John K.; Hoskins, Brad R.; Karner, Paul

1991-01-01

169

Will the Affordable Care Act make health insurance affordable?  

PubMed

Using a budget-based approach to measuring affordability, this issue brief explores whether the subsidies available through the Affordable Care Act are enough to make health insurance affordable for low-income families. Drawing from the Consumer Expenditure Survey, the authors assess how much "room" people have in their budget, after paying for other necessities, to pay for health care needs. The results show that an overwhelming majority of households have room in their budgets for the necessities, health insurance premiums, and moderate levels of out-of-pocket costs established by the Affordable Care Act. Fewer than 10 percent of families above the federal poverty level do not have the resources to pay for premiums and typical out-of-pocket costs, even with the subsidies provided by the health reform law. Affordability remains a concern for some families with high out-of-pocket spending, suggesting that this is the major risk to insurance affordability. PMID:21539012

Gruber, Jonathan; Perry, Ian

2011-04-01

170

Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Inspector General, Semiannual Report to the Congress as of March 31, 2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Inspector General's mission is independent and objective reporting to the Secretary and the Congress for the purpose of bringing about positive changes in the integrity, efficiency, and effectiveness of Housing and Urban Development operatio...

2002-01-01

171

Planning and User Interface Affordances.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper takes a first step toward formalizing the concept of affordance in user interfaces. Using a simple example of an AI planning domain, we show how different types of affordance can be described in terms of the costs associated with plan execution...

R. St. Amant

1999-01-01

172

76 FR 59152 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Section 4 Capacity Building for Community Development and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to carry out community development and affordable housing activities...benefit low-income families and persons. Capacity Building...activities such as training, education, support, loans, grants, and development assistance. The...

2011-09-23

173

75 FR 5338 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Section 4 Capacity Building for Community Development and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to carry out community development and affordable housing activities...benefit low-income families and persons. Capacity Building...activities such as training, education, support, loans, grants, and development assistance. The...

2010-02-02

174

76 FR 30376 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Section 4 Capacity Building for Community Development and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to carry out community development and affordable housing activities...benefit low-income families and persons. Capacity Building...activities such as training, education, support, loans, grants, and development assistance. The...

2011-05-25

175

78 FR 14110 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Section 4 Capacity Building for Community Development and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to carry out community development and affordable housing activities...benefit low-income families and persons. Capacity Building...activities such as training, education, support, loans, grants, and development assistance. The...

2013-03-04

176

Affordances and the musically extended mind  

PubMed Central

I defend a model of the musically extended mind. I consider how acts of “musicking” grant access to novel emotional experiences otherwise inaccessible. First, I discuss the idea of “musical affordances” and specify both what musical affordances are and how they invite different forms of entrainment. Next, I argue that musical affordances – via soliciting different forms of entrainment – enhance the functionality of various endogenous, emotion-granting regulative processes, drawing novel experiences out of us with an expanded complexity and phenomenal character. I argue that music therefore ought to be thought of as part of the vehicle needed to realize these emotional experiences. I appeal to different sources of empirical work to develop this idea.

Krueger, Joel

2014-01-01

177

Agonistic onset during development differentiates wild house mouse males (Mus domesticus)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wild house mouse populations have been suggested to locally adapt to varying dispersal regimes by expressing divergent aggressivity phenotypes. This conjecture implies, first, genetic polymorphism for dispersive strategies which is supported by the finding of heritable variation for male dispersal tendency in feral house mice. Secondly, aggressivity is assumed to translate into dispersal rates. This speculation is reinforced by experimental evidence showing that non-agonistic males display lower dispersal propensity than same-aged males that have established agonistic dominance. However, the actual ontogenetic behavioural pattern and its variability among populations remain unknown. Hence, in this study the timing of agonistic onset is quantified within laboratory-reared fraternal pairs, and compared between descendants from two different feral populations. Males from the two populations (G and Z) differed strongly in agonistic development, as Z fraternal pairs had a 50% risk of agonistic onset before 23.5±2.7 days of age, while this took 57.3±5.4 days in males from population G. This difference coincided with significant genetic differentiation between the males of the two populations as determined by 11 polymorphic microsatellite markers. Furthermore, in population G, males from agonistic and amicable fraternal pairs exhibited significant genetic differentiation. These results corroborate the supposition of genetic variability for dispersive strategies in house mice, and identify the ontogenetic timing of agonistic phenotype development as the potential basis for genetic differentiation. This opens a unique opportunity to study the genetic determination of a complex mammalian behavioural syndrome in a life history context, using a simple laboratory paradigm.

Krackow, Sven

2005-02-01

178

Housing of the Rural Elderly. Rural Development Research Report Number 42.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the 1979 Annual Housing Survey, the elderly--especially the rural elderly--are more likely than other groups to live in inadequate housing. Housing was defined as inadequate if it had one or more of the following flaws: incomplete plumbing facilities, incomplete kitchen facilities, leaking roof, holes in walls or ceilings, and exposed…

Arnold, Gail D.

179

Affordances of Instrumentation in General Chemistry Laboratories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to find out what students in the first chemistry course at the undergraduate level (general chemistry for science majors) know about the affordances of instrumentation used in the general chemistry laboratory and how their knowledge develops over time. Overall, students see the PASCO(TM) system as a useful and accurate…

Sherman, Kristin Mary Daniels

2010-01-01

180

Options for Affordable Fission Surface Power Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fission surface power systems could provide abundant power anywhere on free surface of the moon or Mars. Locations could include permanently shaded regions on the moon and high latitudes on Mars. To be fully utilized; however, fission surface power systems must be safe, have adequate performance, and be affordable. This paper discusses options for the design and development of such systems.

Houts, Mike; Gaddis, Steve; Porter, Ron; VanDyke, Melissa; Martin Jim; Godfroy, Tom; Bragg-Sitton, Shannon; Garber, Anne; Pearson, Boise

2006-01-01

181

Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss.  

PubMed

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction. PMID:23977120

Syphard, Alexandra D; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E

2013-01-01

182

Socioeconomic development and land-use change: Analysis of rural housing land transition in the Transect of the Yangtse River, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural housing land accounted for 67.3% of China's total construction land in 2000. While there are numerous studies analyzing the loss of arable land due to urban sprawl, less attention has been paid to the study of rural housing land in China. This paper develops a theoretical framework for rural housing land transition in China. It introduces a research method,

Hualou Long; Gerhard K. Heilig; Xiubin Li; Ming Zhang

2007-01-01

183

Development of a Compact Maglev Centrifugal Blood Pump Enclosed in a Titanium Housing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A compact centrifugal blood pump consisting of a controlled two-degrees-of-freedom radial magnetic bearing and a brushless DC motor enclosed in a titanium housing has been developed for use as an implantable ventricular assist device. The magnetic bearing also supports axial and angular motions of the impeller via a magnetic coupling. The top housing is made of pure titanium, while the impeller and the stator are coated with pure titanium and Ti-6Al-7Nb, respectively, to improve the biocompatibility of the pump. The combination of pure titanium and titanium alloy was chosen because of the sensitivity of eddy current type displacement sensors through the intervening conducting wall. The dimensions of the pump are 69.0 mm in diameter and 28.5 mm in height. During a pump performance test, axial shifting of the impeller due to hydraulic forces led to variations in the rotational positioning signal, causing loss of control of the rotational speed. This problem was solved by conditioning the rotational positioning signal. With a flow rate of 5 l/min against a head pressure of 100 mmHg, the power consumption and efficiency of the pump were 5.5 W and 20%, respectively. Furthermore, the hemolysis of the blood pump was 43.6% lower when compared to that of a commercially available pump.

Pai, Chi Nan; Shinshi, Tadahiko; Asama, Junichi; Takatani, Setsuo; Shimokohbe, Akira

184

HOUSING IN YOUR TOWN, WHAT CAN YOU DO ABOUT IT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE ROLE OF THE UNION MEMBER IN REGARD TO HOUSING PROBLEMS WAS PRESENTED. DESPITE THE CLAIMS OF EXPERTS, AN INDIVIDUAL CANNOT AFFORD A HOUSE COSTING THREE TIMES HIS ANNUAL INCOME, THERE IS NO PLACE IN THE COUNTRY WHERE HE CAN BUY A NEW, STANDARD HOUSE WITH THREE BEDROOMS FOR $7,680. THEREFORE, BECAUSE NEW HOUSES ARE SO EXPENSIVE, MOST PEOPLE LIVE…

CROSBY, ALEXANDER L.

185

24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

2013-04-01

186

Community Development Corporations and Welfare Reform: Linkages, Roles, and Impacts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of welfare reform on housing owned by community development corporations (CDCs), investigating how early implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) affected the financial status of CDCs' affordable housing developments. Five types of financial impacts were…

Wright, David J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Schill, Michael H.

187

Development and initial testing of a new socioeconomic status measure based on housing data.  

PubMed

Socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with many health outcomes. Commonly used datasets such as medical records often lack data on SES but do include address information. The authors sought to determine whether an SES measure derived from housing characteristics is associated with other SES measures and outcomes known to be associated with SES. The data come from a telephone survey of parents/guardians of children aged 1-17 years who resided in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and Jackson County, Missouri. Seven variables related to housing and six neighborhood characteristics obtained from local government assessor's offices in Olmsted County, Minnesota, were appended to survey responses. An SES index derived from housing characteristics (hereafter, HOUSES) was constructed using principal components factor analysis. For criterion validity, we assessed Pearson's correlation coefficients between HOUSES and other SES measures, including self-reported parents' educational levels, income, Hollingshead Index, and Nakao-Treas Index. For construct validity, we determined the association between HOUSES and outcomes, risks of low birth weight, overweight, and smoking exposure at home. We applied HOUSES to subjects in another community by formulating HOUSES from housing data of subjects in Jackson County, Missouri, using the same statistical algorithm as HOUSES for subjects in Olmsted County, Minnesota. We found that HOUSES had modest to good correlation with other SES measures. Overall, as hypothesized, HOUSES was inversely associated with outcome measures assessed among subjects from both counties. HOUSES may be a useful surrogate measure of individual SES in epidemiologic research, especially when SES measures for individuals are not available. PMID:21499815

Juhn, Young J; Beebe, Timothy J; Finnie, Dawn M; Sloan, Jeff; Wheeler, Philip H; Yawn, Barbara; Williams, Arthur R

2011-10-01

188

A development and integration analysis of commercial and in-house control subsystems  

SciTech Connect

The acquisition and integration of commercial automation and control subsystems in physics research is becoming more common. It is presumed these systems present lower risk and less cost. This paper studies four subsystems used in the Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) resonance-control cooling subsystem (RCCS), the high-power RF subsystem and the RFQ vacuum subsystem were outsourced; the low-level RF (LLRF) subsystem was developed in-house. Based on the authors experience a careful evaluation of the costs and risks in acquisition, implementation, integration, and maintenance associated with these approaches is given.

Moore, D.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Dalesio, L.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-12-31

189

Bringing Researchers and Community Developers Together to Revitalize a Public Housing Project and Improve Health  

PubMed Central

Billions of dollars are invested annually to improve low-income neighborhoods, the health impacts of which are rarely studied prospectively. University of California researchers and Mercy Housing/The Related Companies formed a “Learning Community” with the dual goals of examining the health impacts of a large-scale San Francisco redevelopment project and informing the development team of best public health practices. Early experiences highlight challenges and opportunities, including differences in stakeholders, incentives, and funding, the strengths of local partnerships, and fresh insights from new analytic tools and perspectives. Research suggests interventions that ameliorate upstream causes of poor health would save health care dollars, but policy makers must incentivize collaboration in order to spread a Learning Community model.

LeWinn, Kaja Z.; Hutson, Malo A.; Dare, Ramie; Falk, Janet

2014-01-01

190

Housing Agency and School District Collaborations to Serve Homeless and Highly Mobile Students. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Housing plays a central role in the lives of families; it is the largest single cost for most families, and its location determines a parent's access to employment and a child's access to education. Lack of affordable housing is a principal cause of homelessness. A housing agency and school district that collaborate to offer affordable housing

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2006

2006-01-01

191

Current Status Of The ASTRO-H SXT Development -- New Housing Design And EM Reflectors --  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ASTRO-H is an X-ray astronomical observatory slated to be launched from Japan in 2014. Its objectives range from high resolution imaging and spectroscopy below 20 keV to studying the hard X-ray sky out to 80 keV, along with a gamma-ray spectrometer up to 500 keV, which covers an unprecedentedly wide energy range with great sensitivity on the single X-ray astronomy satellite ever. To accomplish these goals, it will carry, among other instruments, four grazing incidence imaging telescopes, two covering the soft X-ray band and the remaining the higher energies. All the imaging telescopes are of the Wolter I variety, implemented in an approximate scheme with nested conical reflectors, constructed of thin aluminum substrate (150-300 µm), with an epoxy replicated buffer layer, supporting the reflecting surface. Soft X-ray Telescope (SXT) employs gold mono layer coatings to make use of the total external reflection. The diameter and the focal length are 45 cm and 5.6 m, respectively. Expected performance is an effective area of about 400 cm^2 @ 6keV, and an angular resolution of 1.3 arcmin (HPD). By the HEAD meeting in early March, 2010, we will have a preriminaly mirror housing design. Most of forming mandrels will be fabricated and more than half of the reflector production for an engineering model (EM) will be done. In this paper, we report the current status of the SXT development and discuss the new housing design, quality of the reflectors, and expected performance based on the EM reflectors.

Okajima, Takashi; Serlemitsos, P. J.; Soong, Y.; Maeda, Y.; Ishida, M.; Mori, H.; Tawara, Y.; Awaki, H.; Iizuka, R.; Kunieda, H.

2010-02-01

192

Students in My Backyard: Housing at the Campus Edge and Other Emerging Trends in Residential Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When it comes to building student housing, the stakes for universities and colleges have never been higher. From competing for prospective students and environmental bragging rights to contesting for space on the typical campus, institutions face a fundamentally different landscape than they did when housing previous generations of students. A…

Martin, John; Allen, Mark

2009-01-01

193

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

194

Prototype Solar House. Study of the Scientific Evaluation and Feasibility of a Research and Development Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A preliminary study was undertaken before a large scale project for construction and survey of about a hundred solar houses was launched. The notion of solar house was defined and the use of solar energy (hot water preparation, heating of rooms, heating o...

V. Bundschuh J. W. Grueter M. Kleemann M. Melis H. J. Stein

1982-01-01

195

System Concepts for Affordable Fission Surface Power  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents an overview of an affordable Fission Surface Power (FSP) system that could be used for NASA applications on the Moon and Mars. The proposed FSP system uses a low temperature, uranium dioxide-fueled, liquid metal-cooled fission reactor coupled to free-piston Stirling converters. The concept was determined by a 12 month NASA/DOE study that examined design options and development strategies based on affordability and risk. The system is considered a low development risk based on the use of terrestrial-derived reactor technology, high efficiency power conversion, and conventional materials. The low-risk approach was selected over other options that could offer higher performance and/or lower mass.

Mason, Lee; Poston, David; Qualls, Louis

2008-01-01

196

Housing, Illiquidity, and Wealth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops a model of asset allocation relevant for the representative consumer. Consumption is composed of two items: housing, and other goods and services. The representative household's balance sheet consists largely of a house and a mortgage. Its income statement is dominated by labor earnings, constraining cash expenditures. Housing-market behavior thus underlies intertemporal wealth and consumption allocation. With a

Peter Chinloy

1999-01-01

197

Equal Opportunity in Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of developments in housing opportunities for minorities and women includes an historical review of housing discrimination, its nature, and its effects. Federal legislation and Federal actions which were taken to assure equal housing opportunities for women and minorities are described. Other topic areas addressed include minority…

Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

198

Hood River Passive House.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design a...

D. Hales

2013-01-01

199

Development of an In-House Grating Spectrometer System for Validating Acousto-Optic Tunable Filter Spectrometer Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We describe the design of a grating spectrometer system. We obtained emission spectroscopy results of a lamp source from a visible to near infrared (vis-NIR) acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) spectrometer and from an IN-house developed Grating (ING) spe...

K. W. Bennett, N. Gupta, R. Dahmani

2001-01-01

200

Development and field verification of a model of excess infiltration and house air infiltration for single-family residences  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive series of studies was conducted to quantify the factors affecting seasonal efficiency of space heating furnaces. Initial data were developed (in a laboratory model of a house) on how furnace cycling, wind speed, and structure looseness (or air charge rate) affect chimney flow by simulating a specific installation. A field study was also conducted in 20 test homes

J. T. Cole; J. W. Zimmer; T. S. Zawacki; J. A. Kinast; R. H. Elkins

1980-01-01

201

76 FR 73988 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...toll-free number.) Hearing- and speech- impaired individuals...Program contained in the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987, 42 U.S.C...to provide funding to state and local governments or their...the recipients to carry out education and outreach activities...

2011-11-29

202

Homelessness as one component of housing instability and its impact on the development of children in poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of families with children living in poverty and experiencing housing instability and homelessness has increased dramatically over the last two decades. Current public policy decisions will lead to further increases. Understanding the impact of this instability on the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive development of children is imperative. Few studies critically examine the effects of instability on both domiciled

Cathryne L. Schmitz; Janet D. Wagner; Edna M. Menke

1995-01-01

203

An Affordable Open-Source Turbidimeter  

PubMed Central

Turbidity is an internationally recognized criterion for assessing drinking water quality, because the colloidal particles in turbid water may harbor pathogens, chemically reduce oxidizing disinfectants, and hinder attempts to disinfect water with ultraviolet radiation. A turbidimeter is an electronic/optical instrument that assesses turbidity by measuring the scattering of light passing through a water sample containing such colloidal particles. Commercial turbidimeters cost hundreds or thousands of dollars, putting them beyond the reach of low-resource communities around the world. An affordable open-source turbidimeter based on a single light-to-frequency sensor was designed and constructed, and evaluated against a portable commercial turbidimeter. The final product, which builds on extensive published research, is intended to catalyze further developments in affordable water and sanitation monitoring.

Kelley, Christopher D.; Krolick, Alexander; Brunner, Logan; Burklund, Alison; Kahn, Daniel; Ball, William P.; Weber-Shirk, Monroe

2014-01-01

204

Analysis of Housing Partnerships Using the Balanced Scorecard Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing Partnerships (HPs) are collaborative arrangements that assist communities in the delivery of affordable housing by combining the strengths of the public and private sectors. They emerged in several states, counties, and cities in the eighties as innovative solutions to the challenges in affordable housing resulting from changing dynamics of delivery and production.\\u000aMy study examines HPs with particular emphasis

Zhayda L Garzon

2011-01-01

205

77 FR 22599 - Department of Housing and Urban Development Summary of Public Comments, Response to Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...minority and low-income populations, as well as creating geographies of opportunity. The final strategy is posted at http...lack of decent, safe and sanitary housing.'' Because the geography of the colonia is defined in statute, expanding the...

2012-04-16

206

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program: High Performance Manufactured Home Protoyping and Construction Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, have been collab...

B. Peeks S. Rothgeb T. Hewes

2013-01-01

207

Developer Supply, Investor Demand, and Multifamily Housing Production: A Pilot Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the implementation of a model that simulates the effects of the Federal income tax on the production of subsidized multifamily housing. The project consisted of data collection, computer programming, sensitivity analysis, and tax pol...

C. D. MacRae M. A. Turner G. Anderson

1981-01-01

208

Develop security architecture for both in-house healthcare information systems and electronic patient record  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we presented a new security approach to provide security measures and features in both healthcare information systems (PACS, RIS/HIS), and electronic patient record (EPR). We introduced two security components, certificate authoring (CA) system and patient record digital signature management (DSPR) system, as well as electronic envelope technology, into the current hospital healthcare information infrastructure to provide security measures and functions such as confidential or privacy, authenticity, integrity, reliability, non-repudiation, and authentication for in-house healthcare information systems daily operating, and EPR exchanging among the hospitals or healthcare administration levels, and the DSPR component manages the all the digital signatures of patient medical records signed through using an-symmetry key encryption technologies. The electronic envelopes used for EPR exchanging are created based on the information of signers, digital signatures, and identifications of patient records stored in CAS and DSMS, as well as the destinations and the remote users. The CAS and DSMS were developed and integrated into a RIS-integrated PACS, and the integration of these new security components is seamless and painless. The electronic envelopes designed for EPR were used successfully in multimedia data transmission.

Zhang, Jianguo; Chen, Xiaomeng; Zhuang, Jun; Jiang, Jianrong; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Wu, Dongqing; Huang, H. K.

2003-05-01

209

Perceiving and interacting affordances: a new model of human-affordance interactions.  

PubMed

This article introduces a new affordance framework for humans and human design. Based on previous important concepts in product design-affordance, signifier, and product semantics, the authors propose three new concepts to illustrate how people perceive affordance. According to the model, perceptual probability of affordance is the probability that the public can perceive a certain affordance; perceptual threshold of affordance is the threshold at which affordance can be perceived by a person and changed by perceptual information; and situations, in which interactions between affordances and people exist, are crucial influences on human-affordance interactions. An illustration of the model and suggestions for further research are provided. PMID:22648749

Lu, Jiahui; Cheng, Lehua

2013-03-01

210

7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart B of... - Grant Agreement (Public Bodies) for Site Development and/or Site Acquisition for Housing and/or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Grant Agreement (Public Bodies) for Site Development and/or Site Acquisition for Housing...PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RURAL DEVELOPMENT Section 601 Energy Impacted Area Development Assistance Program Pt. 1948,...

2014-01-01

211

Thermo-structural development of the ITER ICRF strap housing module  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since March 2010 the preliminary design of the ITER ICRF Antennas have been developed by CYCLE, a consortium consisting of IPP (Garching), CCFE (Culham), CEA (Cadarache), Politecnico di Torino (Torino) and LPPERM/KMS (Brussels). This paper describes the steps taken to develop the present geometry of the triplet pair Strap Housing Module from a thermal and structural perspective, and shows the critical areas of the structure. Key issues are the manufacturability, (achieved by HIPing - Hot Isostatic Pressing), the ability to handle the radiating plasma thermal flux of 0.35 MW/m2, the RF losses and the neutronic radiation. HIPing is necessary to achieve the complicated system of cooling channels inside the structure, which divides the coolant equally in order to supply each strap in the triplet with 1 l/s of water. The components have also to withstand the strong mechanical forces generated by plasma disruptions affecting all internal structures and the elevated design cooling water pressure of 5MPa. In order to maximise reliability, joints between different materials in the cooling water system have been kept to a minimum. Therefore, in the interests of fabricability and availability, the whole structure is manufactured out of stainless steel (316L(N)IG). The low conductivity of 316L(N)IG demands small wall thicknesses to avoid hot spots; however this reduces the mechanical strength. Consequently an in depth FEM analysis is presented, which was used to find and to improve the critical aspects of this important component and was the best means of finding the optimum between thermal and mechanical performance.

Winkler, K.; Shannon, M.; Lockley, D.

2014-02-01

212

Affordable spectropolarimetry using MANTIS-3T  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PAR Government Systems Corporation (PAR) with Advanced Coherent Technologies, LLC (ACT) has developed affordable, narrow-band polarimetry sensor hardware and software based upon the PAR Mission Adaptable Narrowband Tunable Imaging Sensor (MANTIS). The sensor has been deployed in multiple environments. Polarimetric imagery of the clear blue sky and the sea surface has been collected. In addition, a significant amount of calibration data has been collected to correctly calibrate the sensor for real-time Stokes Vector imaging. Data collected with the MANTIS polarization sensor has been compared to modeled data. The sensor hardware and software is described and some representative collected calibration data are presented and compared to a developing model.

Dirbas, Joseph; Davies, Adam; Schoonmaker, Jon; Gilbert, Gary; Contarino, Vincent; Crowley, Michael

2007-04-01

213

Exploring the potential of Product Service Systems to achieve household waste prevention on new housing developments in the UK.  

PubMed

Product service systems (PSS) are cleaner product concepts which have been developed to achieve improvements in resource productivity which may be realized from modern trends in service delivery. However, there is a paucity of research on the waste prevention performance of PSS in UK household markets. This paper reports the findings of exploratory research which begins to address this gap in knowledge. An exploratory waste prevention assessment was completed on four experimental PSS which were developed in conjunction with a major UK house-builder for delivery on their new housing developments. The results of the assessment show that the selected PSS concepts have potential to prevent high value and harmful Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) arising in UK household waste streams. Consistent with the canon of exploratory research, the assessment also identifies a number of factors which are thought to influence PSS waste prevention performance. It is recognized that further research is needed to gain an in-depth understanding of these factors as well as to define policy measures which enable the conditions in which PSS prevent household waste on new housing developments in the UK to be created. PMID:19470530

Gottberg, Annika; Longhurst, Philip J; Cook, Matthew B

2010-03-01

214

HUD/HHS (Housing and Urban Development/Department of Health and Human Services) Demonstration for Deinstitutionalization of the Chronically Mentally Ill. Report No. 8-Tennessee.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project was a joint effort of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), initiated in 1978 as the 'HUD/HHS Demonstration for Deinstitutionalization, housing, and service needs of the ch...

S. W. Taylor

1986-01-01

215

Systems Engineering: The Affordability Secret Weapon.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

While Dr. Carter's affordability initiatives highlight the role of program managers in creating program affordability, a closer review shows that a majority of program efficiencies can result from implementing program rigor through effective systems engin...

M. Holbert

2011-01-01

216

Preventive Care for Children (Affordable Care Act)  

MedlinePLUS

... Myspace Close Text Size: A A A Preventive Care for Children Many insurers are now required to ... Services Task Force Recommendations . Fact Sheet: The Affordable Care Act and Immunization Fact Sheet: The Affordable Care ...

217

Situations, Interactions, Processes and Affordances: A Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this response to commentaries provided on their original paper, "Beyond Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Situations, Interactions, Processes and Affordances," the authors elaborate on the aims of their conceptualization, focusing on the nature of affordances and situations. (AEF)

Akhras, Fabio N.; Self, John A.

2002-01-01

218

Outcomes of a randomized, controlled community-level HIV prevention intervention for adolescents in low-income housing developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: YouthareincreasinglyatriskforcontractingHIVinfection,andcommunity- level interventions are needed to reduce behavioral risk. Design: A randomized, controlled, multi-site community-level intervention trial was undertaken with adolescents living in 15 low-income housing developments in five US cities. Methods: Baseline (n ¼ 1172), short-term follow-up (n ¼ 865), and long-term follow- up (n ¼ 763) risk assessments were conducted among adolescents, ages 12-17, in all 15

Kathleen J. Sikkema; Eileen S. Anderson; Jeffrey A. Kelly; Richard A. Winett; Cheryl Gore-Felton; Roger A. Roffman; Timothy G. Heckman; Kristi Graves; Raymond G. Hoffmann; Michael J. Brondino

2005-01-01

219

Matalaenergiapientalon Oeljylaemmityksen Kehittaeminen (Development of an Oil Fired Heating for a Small Sized Low Energy House).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Conventional oil fired boiler is over-dimensioned when applied to serve the reduced heating needs of small sized low energy house. Solutions based on a low output heat source (LOHS) are needed for this purpose. This is a final report of the project that h...

K. Klobut T. Siltanen K. Vihersalo J. Virkki

1996-01-01

220

Cinematic College: "National Lampoon's Animal House" Teaches Theories of Student Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study is to analyze how potential college-bound and current college students make meaning about the higher education experience from the legendary film that is pivotal in the American college culture, sets the trend for future college-themed films, and is a national phenomenon--"National Lampoon's Animal House"…

Tucciarone, Krista M.

2007-01-01

221

House Fly (Musca domestica L.) (Diptera Muscidae) Development in Different Types of Manure  

Microsoft Academic Search

A B S T R A C T Animal production units with different management systems can be found along the Huasco Valley, Region of Atacama, Chile. These constitute sources of house flies (Musca domestica L.) and other vector fly species that cause damage to animals and nuisance problems in urban areas. In order to asses the importance of fly breeding

2008-01-01

222

Myths and Realities: Testing Your Elderly Housing and Housing Policy I.Q.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

HUD's mission is to assist Americans in their quest to live in decent, affordable housing that is safe and secure. For the elderly, direct assistance is available through HUD in the forms of public housing and Section 8 certificates and vouchers. Local ho...

1999-01-01

223

24 CFR 982.614 - Group home: Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2009-04-01...614 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING...instability, flooding, poor drainage, septic tank...

2009-04-01

224

Japan's manufactured housing capability. A review of the industry and assessment of future impact on the US market  

SciTech Connect

The Japanese have what is generally recognized as the most advanced manufactured housing capability in the world. With heavy reliance on computerized design and inventory control systems, assembly-line production, robotics and sizable research and development budgets, Japan has developed a high-tech housing approach distinct from that found in the United States. Japan's manufactured housing capability and its benefits in producing high quality housing at an affordable price are surveyed. The housing market in Japan and the United States will be compared and the potential impact of Japanese manufactured housing on the United States assessed. Though Japan's manufactured housing capability offers great promise, there are several issues that limit the direct import of these technologies as currently practiced to the United States. Among these obstacles are: (1) inappropriate heating and cooling systems and levels of energy conservation for many areas of the US; (2) the high cost of capitalizing major new housing plants; (3) the design inflexibility of some manufactured housing products; and (4) the difficulty of marketing a mass-produced housing product in the US with its differing regional and local building codes.

Sackett, J.G.

1986-05-01

225

Affordable Assisted Living: Surveying the Possibilities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written by Jenny Schuetz for Harvard University's Working Paper series and as part of the Joint Center for Housing Studies, this 112-page work explores the future of assisted living developments throughout the United States. For those unfamiliar with the notion of assisted living, these facilities offer a "combination of housing, supportive services, and personal care that enables frail seniors to maintain maximum independence while receiving the assistance they need." As Schuetz points out, there are more senior citizens who are seeking to maintain their independence, and that in recent years, a private market has developed to address these demands. Throughout her highly cogent work, Schuetz examines the private market developments in this sector, as well as the possibility of providing similar facilities to middle and lower income seniors.

Schuetz, Jenny.

2003-01-01

226

Affordances: Clarifying and Evolving a Concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of affordance is popular in the HCI community but not well understood. Donald Norman appropriated the concept of affordances from James J. Gibson for the design of common objects and both implicitly and explicitly adjusted the meaning given by Gibson. There was, however, ambiguity in Norman's original definition and use of affordances which he has subsequently made efforts

Joanna McGrenere; Wayne Ho

227

Meeting the Need for Child Care: Problems and Progress. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A hearing was held to identify problems and assess progress in the provision of affordable, high quality child care. Testimony concerned: (1) problems working parents have had in providing care for their young children; (2) day care initiatives and needs in California; (3) ways in which San Mateo County used its housing and community development

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

228

Increasing the Supply of Quality, Accessible, Affordable Child Care: An Economic Development Strategy for the North Central Region. NCRCRD Policy Briefs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The child care industry has not been fully integrated into economic development activities despite its growing importance in the economy. This is, in large part, because child care is not usually thought of as an element of economic development. As a result, states in the North Central region are not maximizing the economic benefits from quality,…

Traill, Saskia; Brown, Brentt

2005-01-01

229

How do we go beyond the affordances of what we already do on campus? A case of supporting staff in developing a constructivist learning environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a case is presented which explores one way in which a practitioner (the author) worked with others in developing curriculum for a web-based learning environment. There was an attempt by all involved to take a scholarly approach to investigating the potential for improving teaching and learning and to go beyond the appropriation of technologies which offer little

Belinda Tynan

230

The Housing Crisis and New England's Economy: State and Local Initiatives to Offset the Federal Retreat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing is a major economic factor for any region. Over the last several years, dramatically increased housing prices in New England have cast doubt on the region's ability to sustain continued economic growth. Indeed, New England's lack of affordable housing has caused labor shortages and other problems for New England businesses. With the federal government slashing its housing assistance in

Rebecca Stevens

1989-01-01

231

Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some of the efforts of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (SPNEA) to preserve, conserve, and interpret historic houses to the public. Examines the history and some of the specific preservation problems concerning the Beauport Cottage, the Sayward-Wheeler House, and the Gropius House. (MJP)

Curtis, Nancy

1997-01-01

232

Does sprawl reduce the black\\/white housing consumption gap?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because unplanned suburban growth imposes social costs such as congestion, pollution, and reduction of open space, antisprawl policies are being adopted in fast?growing metropolitan areas. This article explores one potential benefit of sprawl: It increases housing affordability, which may contribute to reducing the black\\/white housing consumption gap.The article uses 1997 American Housing Survey data to measure housing consumption for blacks

Matthew E. Kahn

2001-01-01

233

High-speed Rail Development Act of 1994. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session, August 10, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The House report on H. R. 4867, the High-Speed Rail Development Act of 1994, authorizes activities to assist in the implementation of steel-wheel high-speed rail transportation. The Bill authorizes preconstruction activities for corridor planning.

NONE

1994-12-31

234

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 90-376-2106, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Hato Rey, Puerto Rico.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) management and the American Federation of Government Employees, an evaluation was undertaken of possible hazardous working conditions at the HUD Caribbean Area Office in H...

Y. Boudreau T. Seitz

1991-01-01

235

The 880 Square Foot House: A small residential design that transforms to accommodate multiple household types  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exist a multitude of problems within the United States housing market. First is a lack of affordability. Forty-two percent of Americans cannot afford to purchase a home (Savage, 2009). Many households devote more than 50% of their income to paying for housing (Quigley & Raphael, 2004). Also, families with lower incomes will pay a higher rate of interest to

Adrianne Wimberley Kautz

2011-01-01

236

Affordability and other factors affecting the purchase of energy-efficient manufactured homes  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) conducted this study to evaluate the manufactured home owner`s purchase decision process and to provide Bonneville with a better understanding of how consumers view a manufactured home`s affordability and energy efficiency. This study addresses manufactured homes built under the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) standards; these homes are sometimes referred to as HUD-code homes or mobile homes. Manufactured home owners in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington were included in this analysis. This report adds to the information presented in Sandahl et al. (1992), which discussed the practices of lenders, appraisers, and dealers -- all of whom play a key role in the manufactured home market due to the impact their practices have on the overall affordability of manufactured homes. This report focuses exclusively on the most important, and probably least understood, player -- the home buyer. The primary data were collected via a mail survey sent to 1,550 manufactured home owners in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington in late 1992. A 71% response rate was achieved; 1,106 usable responses were received. This study focuses on the Pacific Northwest but presents information that may be relevant to other parts of the country.

Hattrup, M.P.; Lee, A.D.; Sandahl, L.J. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Onisko, S.A. [USDOE Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States)

1993-06-01

237

The Professional Development Program You Can Afford  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mt. Hood Community College (Oregon) funds faculty for all leaves of absence which will be of demonstrable benefit to the instructor's teaching or curriculum. The program currently costs $20,000 per year (one-quarter percent of the total operating budget). In 1973-74, nearly one-third of the faculty used the funds. (DC)

Hoem, Eric

1975-01-01

238

Practical measurement of affordability: An application to medicines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To develop two practical methods for measuring the affordability of medicines in developing countries. Methods The proposed methods - catastrophic and impoverishment methods - rely on easily accessible aggregated expenditure data and take into account a country's income distribution and absolute level of income. The catastrophic method quantifies the proportion of the population whose resources would be catastrophically reduced

L. M. Niëns; Poel Van de E; Cameron A; Ewen M; Laing R; W. B. F. Brouwer

2012-01-01

239

The effect of House Market downturn on House Price Index  

Microsoft Academic Search

Downturn of housing markets is a fact leading to falling prices and lower volume of sales. In the Icelandic case this has led to problem because of fewer contracts and missing prices. This has caused difficult measurement problems that are outlined. This paper descripes also the Icelandic house price index, the development of housing sales and prices 2000-2009 and falling

Guðrún R. Jónsdóttir; Lára G. Jónasdóttir

240

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum Of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

241

DOE-HUD initiative on energy efficiency in housing: A federal partnership  

SciTech Connect

A five-year initiative between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) demonstrated the feasibility of improving the energy efficiency of publicly-assisted housing. Twenty-seven projects and activities undertaken during 1990--95 involved research and field demonstrations, institutional and administrative changes to HUD policies and procedures, innovative financing and leveraging of federal dollars with non-federal money, and education, training, and technical assistance. With most of the 27 projects and activities completed, the two departments have initiated a five-year deployment effort, the DOE-Energy Partnerships for Affordable Homes, to achieve energy and water savings in public and assisted housing on a large scale throughout the country. A Clearinghouse for Energy Efficiency in Public and Assisted Housing managed by the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT), will offer hands-on energy assistance to housing providers to complement DOE`s assistance. This paper presents the findings of the DOE-HUD Initiative, with primary attention paid to those projects which successfully integrated energy efficiency into private and public single and multifamily housing. The paper includes examples of the publications, case-study reports, exhibits and videotapes developed during the course of the Initiative. Information on the new DOE Energy Partnerships and on the NCAT Clearinghouse is also presented. New Partnership projects with the Atlanta and Chicago Housing Authorities describe the technical assistance envisioned under the Partnership.

Brinch, J. [Energetics, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Ternes, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Myers, M. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-07-01

242

Expatriate Housing: A Review of Aid-Projects in Vietnam.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Expatriate housing is needed in many aid-projects in developing countries to house personnel involved in the project. Shortage of local housing or of the desired standard and conditions make expatriate housing essential. This report describes three expatr...

S. Larsson

1989-01-01

243

Open Systems: a process for achieving affordability  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major factor that will drive the definition and design of future avionics systems is affordability. Affordability is being addressed on numerous fronts such as hardware re-use, software re-use, COTS leveraging, and reduced cycle times. Each of these thrusts provide potential cost saving along with unique challenges. What is needed is a process that integrates these initiatives while ensuring the

Chuck Roark; Bill Kiczuk

1996-01-01

244

The affordances of media spaces for collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I discuss the affordances offered by media spaces for collaboration, contrasting their properties with those of the everyday medium and exploring the implications for perception and interaction. Collaboration is situated in a physical environment which supports or constrains the various forms social interactions might take. An analysis of the affordances of the environment - the properties that

William W. Gaver

1992-01-01

245

Behavior-Grounded Representation of Tool Affordances  

Microsoft Academic Search

ó This paper introduces a novel approach to rep- resenting and learning tool affordances by a robot. The tool representation described here uses a behavior-based approach to ground the tool affordances in the behavioral repertoire of the robot. The representation is learned during a behavioral babbling stage in which the robot randomly chooses different exploratory behaviors, applies them to the

Alexander Stoytchev

2005-01-01

246

Social Mediating Technologies: Social Affordances and Functionalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework for analysing Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) is presented, based on Clark's Theory of Common Ground. Four technologies are reviewed: Facebook, Wikipedia, Blacksburg Electronic Village, and World of Warcraft, to assess their ‘social affordances’, i.e. how communication is supported and how the technologies provide facilities to promote social relationships, groups and communities. The technology affordances are related to motivations

A. G. Sutcliffe; V. Gonzalez; J. Binder; G. Nevarez

2011-01-01

247

Affordability Engineering: Bridging the Gap Between Design and Cost  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Affordability is a commonly used term that takes on numerous meanings depending on the context used. Within conceptual design of complex systems, the term generally implies comparisons between expected costs and expected resources. This characterization is largely correct, but does not convey the many nuances and considerations that are frequently misunderstood and underappreciated. In the most fundamental sense, affordability and cost directly relate to engineering and programmatic decisions made throughout development programs. Systems engineering texts point out that there is a temporal aspect to this relationship, for decisions made earlier in a program dictate design implications much more so than those made during latter phases. This paper explores affordability engineering and its many sub-disciplines by discussing how it can be considered an additional engineering discipline to be balanced throughout the systems engineering and systems analysis processes. Example methods of multidisciplinary design analysis with affordability as a key driver will be discussed, as will example methods of data visualization, probabilistic analysis, and other ways of relating design decisions to affordability results.

Reeves, J. D.; DePasquale, Dominic; Lim, Evan

2010-01-01

248

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

249

24 CFR 8.33 - Housing adjustments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Housing adjustments. 8.33 Section 8.33 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility § 8.33 Housing adjustments. A recipient shall...

2009-04-01

250

24 CFR 8.33 - Housing adjustments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Housing adjustments. 8.33 Section 8.33 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility § 8.33 Housing adjustments. A recipient shall...

2010-04-01

251

People Caring about People--The Prairie Housing Cooperative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Prairie Housing Cooperative has purchased 20 homes which provide 60 people (12 of whom are mentally retarded) with decent affordable housing in five neighborhoods in Winnipeg, Canada. Needed special services are provided by the non-handicapped members when possible or by outside contracts. (DB)

Kappel, Bruce; Wetherow, David

1986-01-01

252

Learning at Work: Organisational Affordances and Individual Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to explore the interaction between organisational affordances for the development of individuals' capability, and the engagement of workers at various levels with those opportunities. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of a large New Zealand wine company, using in-depth interviews. Interviews were…

Bryson, Jane; Pajo, Karl; Ward, Robyn; Mallon, Mary

2006-01-01

253

Learning at work: organisational affordances and individual engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to explore the interaction between organisational affordances for the development of individuals' capability, and the engagement of workers at various levels with those opportunities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study of a large New Zealand wine company, using in-depth interviews. Interviews were held with staff at all levels working in the vineyards or

Jane Bryson; Karl Pajo; Robyn Ward; Mary Mallon

2006-01-01

254

Perceiving Affordances for Fitting through Apertures  

PubMed Central

Affordances—possibilities for action—are constrained by the match between actors and their environments. For motor decisions to be adaptive, affordances must be detected accurately. Three experiments examined the correspondence between motor decisions and affordances as participants reached through apertures of varying size. A psychophysical procedure was used to estimate an affordance threshold for each participant (smallest aperture they could fit their hand through on 50% of trials), and motor decisions were assessed relative to affordance thresholds. Experiment 1 showed that participants scale motor decisions to hand size, and motor decisions and affordance thresholds are reliable over two blocked protocols. Experiment 2 examined the effects of habitual practice: Motor decisions were equally accurate when reaching with the more practiced dominant hand and less practiced non-dominant hand. Experiment 3 showed that participants recalibrate motor decisions to take changing body dimensions into account: Motor decisions while wearing a hand-enlarging prosthesis were similar to motor decisions without the prosthesis when data were normalized to affordance thresholds. Across experiments, errors in decisions to reach through too-small apertures were likely due to low penalty for error.

Ishak, Shaziela; Adolph, Karen E.; Lin, Grace C.

2009-01-01

255

Assessing Alternative Military Family Housing Assignment Policies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Government Accounting Office (GAO), in a 1979 report, recommended that priority for assignment to military family housing be given to personnel who can least afford to live off base (E-1--E-3). The purpose of this effort was to evaluate modifications ...

R. Hutchins, M. Rowe

1982-01-01

256

Housing Cuyahoga County: Housing Sales.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is one of four which, together, constitute the second year work program of the Cuyahoga County Housing Study. It presents and analyzes data on sales prices of one-family houses in the county, both in aggregate and by small area, in terms of loc...

1971-01-01

257

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

258

Student Housing and Residential Life: A Handbook for Professionals Committed to Student Development Goals. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on student housing and residential life contains the following articles: (1) "New Challenges and Goals for Residential Life Programs" (Blimling); (2) "Student Development in the Residential Environment" (Winston and Anchors); (3) "Psychosocial Development in College" (White and Porterfield); (4) "Intellectual, Ethical, and Moral…

Winston, Roger B., Jr.; And Others

259

What Does It Look Like and What Does It Take? Supporting Early Literacy--NAEYC at the White House Summit. Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This NAEYC presentation at White House Summit on Early Childhood Cognitive Development: Ready to Read, Ready to Learn describes key elements of early literacy and emphasizes essential supports for children's positive development and learning. The presentation focuses on the ways early childhood teachers can support children's language/literacy and…

Young Children, 2001

2001-01-01

260

Affordable Care Act Overview: Selected Provisions  

MedlinePLUS

... quality & efficiency More people covered Greater focus on public health & prevention Insurance exchanges Guaranteed issue Preventive services cov’ ... org/advocacy/Health+Reform/ for more ACA resources. Public health workforce devel. Affordable Care Act Overview Selected Provisions ...

261

Bootstrap Approach to an Affordable Exploration Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the potential to build an affordable sustainable exploration program by adopting an approach that requires investing in technologies that can be used to build a space infrastructure from very modest initial capabilities. Human explorat...

R. C. Oeftering

2011-01-01

262

House Warming  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this physical sciences activity, learners explore how passive solar design increases energy efficiency. Learners test paperboard models of different building designs to discover how the design affects the amount of heat that enters the house.

Television, Twin C.

2013-01-01

263

Pedagogical Affordances of Multiple External Representations in Scientific Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multiple external representations (MERs) have been widely used in science teaching and learning. Theories such as dual coding theory and cognitive flexibility theory have been developed to explain why the use of MERs is beneficial to learning, but they do not provide much information on pedagogical issues such as how and in what conditions MERs could be introduced and used to support students' engagement in scientific processes and develop competent scientific practices (e.g., asking questions, planning investigations, and analyzing data). Additionally, little is understood about complex interactions among scientific processes and affordances of MERs. Therefore, this article focuses on pedagogical affordances of MERs in learning environments that engage students in various scientific processes. By reviewing literature in science education and cognitive psychology and integrating multiple perspectives, this article aims at exploring (1) how MERs can be integrated with science processes due to their different affordances, and (2) how student learning with MERs can be scaffolded, especially in a classroom situation. We argue that pairing representations and scientific processes in a principled way based on the affordances of the representations and the goals of the activities is a powerful way to use MERs in science education. Finally, we outline types of scaffolding that could help effective use of MERs including dynamic linking, model progression, support in instructional materials, teacher support, and active engagement.

Wu, Hsin-Kai; Puntambekar, Sadhana

2012-12-01

264

Practical measurement of affordability: an application to medicines  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To develop two practical methods for measuring the affordability of medicines in developing countries. Methods The proposed methods – catastrophic and impoverishment methods – rely on easily accessible aggregated expenditure data and take into account a country’s income distribution and absolute level of income. The catastrophic method quantifies the proportion of the population whose resources would be catastrophically reduced by spending on a given medicine; the impoverishment method estimates the proportion of the population that would be pushed below the poverty line by procuring a given medicine. These methods are illustrated by calculating the affordability of glibenclamide, an antidiabetic drug, in India and Indonesia. The results were validated by comparing them with the results obtained by using household micro data for India and Indonesia. Findings When accurate aggregate data are available, the proposed methods offer a practical way to obtain informative and accurate estimates of affordability. Their results are very similar to those obtained with household micro data analysis and are easily compared across countries. Conclusion The catastrophic and impoverishment methods, based on macro data, can provide a suitable estimate of medicine affordability when the household level micro data needed to carry out more sophisticated studies are not available. Their usefulness depends on the availability of accurate aggregated data.

Van de Poel, E; Cameron, A; Ewen, M; Laing, R; Brouwer, WBF

2012-01-01

265

Potential Environmental Impacts of Energy Facilities and Other Development on Fish House Cove, Delaware River, Camden County, New Jersey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1957, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) recommended the public acquisition of Fish House Cove. Since 1957, approximately 75% of the marshes and mudflats of the Delaware River estuary have been eliminated by man's actions. Fish House Cove is po...

1980-01-01

266

The earned income tax credit as an instrument of housing policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), which was designed to aid low?income working families and individuals, plays a role beyond that of income support. At a time when the availability of affordable housing is declining, the EITC also provides significant relief to households burdened by severe housing costs. This article examines the EITC's effect on housing cost burdens and

Michael A. Stegman; Walter R. Davis; Roberto Quercia

2004-01-01

267

SAFETY, SUSTAINABILITY AND PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF MANUFACTURED HOUSING IN HOT, HUMID CLIMATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufactured housing has become a staple in the US affordable housing market in spite of a prevailing public opinion that such housing is unsafe. However, University of Florida research shows units constructed after 1994 US code changes survived an unprecedented 2004 hurricane season with little damage. Produced in one-fifth the time and at half the cost of site-built homes, manufactured

K. R. Grosskopf; David Cutlip; M. E. Rinker Sr

268

Estelle Plantation Partnership. Municipal Golf Facility and Housing Development. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Volume II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is an investigative study conducted to determine the feasibility of developing a champion quality, regulation play 18-hole municipal golf course in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. The study evaluates the market potential of golf in the Jefferson ...

1996-01-01

269

Affordable In-Space Transportation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current and proposed launch systems will provide access to low-Earth orbit (LEO), and destinations beyond LEO, but the cost of delivering payloads will preclude the use of these services by many users. To develop and encourage revolutionary commercial uti...

L. A. Curtis M. K. VanDyke R. M. Lajoie G. R. Woodcock

1996-01-01

270

Affordable Care Act's Role in Preventing and Ending Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... Affordable Care Act’s Role in Preventing and Ending Homelessness Download associated files The Affordable Care Act's Role in Preventing and Ending Homelessness What is the Affordable Care Act? On March ...

271

Health for Development. Farm House Dialogue (6th, Ota, Nigeria, September 1-3, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes discussions at an invitational workshop on health care development in Nigeria. The discussion centered on the need for cooperation among government service-delivery agencies and on the need to improve general national economic conditions. The following broad topics were discussed: (1) the history of health care during the…

Africa Leadership Forum.

272

Sensitivity Analysis of 'Forests on the Edge: Housing Development on America's Private Forests'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The original Forests on the Edge report (FOTE 1) indicated that 44.2 million acres of private forest land was projected to experience substantial increases in residential development in the coming decades. In this study, we examined the sensitivity of the...

D. M. Theobald E. M. White L. G. Mahal R. J. Alig S. M. Stein

2009-01-01

273

The House of Make-Believe: Children's Play and the Developing Imagination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Combining a scientific and a humanistic approach in a series of essays that draw on both clinical and literary data, this book examines how imaginative play begins and how it develops. From the infant's first smiles and peekaboo games to the toddler's exploration of objects and participation in symbolic and social pretend play, the book traces the…

Singer, Dorothy G.; Singer, Jerome L.

274

Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.

275

Books and National Development. Seminar Report April 27-29, 1968, Academy House, Seoul.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Representatives from Korea, China, Indonesia, Japan, Thailand, the United States and Southeast Asian Ministers of Education (SEAMES) attended an international seminar to reaffirm the importance of books as national development tools, to seek measures for having it reflected in the national policies and to promote international cooperation in book…

Korean Publishers Association, Seoul.

276

Linking Public Health, Housing, and Indoor Environmental Policy: Successes and Challenges at Local and Federal Agencies in the United States  

PubMed Central

We describe the successes and challenges faced by federal and local government agencies in the United States as they have attempted in recent years to connect public and environmental health, housing, community development, and building design with environmental, housing, and building laws, codes, and policies. These policies can either contribute to or adversely affect human physical and mental health, with important implications for economic viability, research, policy development, and overall social stability and progress. Policy impediments include tension between housing affordability and health investment that causes inefficient cost-shifting, privacy issues, unclear statutory authority, and resulting gaps in responsibility for housing, indoor air, and the built environment. We contrast this with other environmental frameworks such as ambient air and water quality statutes where the concept of “shared commons” and the “polluter pays” is more robust. The U.S. experiences in childhood lead poisoning prevention, indoor air, and mold provide useful policy insights. Local programs can effectively build healthy homes capacity through local laws and housing codes. The experience of coordinating remediation for mold, asthma triggers, weatherization, and other healthy housing improvements in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, is highlighted. The U.S. experience shows that policymakers should adopt a prevention-oriented, comprehensive multi-disciplinary approach at all levels of government to prevent unhealthy buildings, houses, and communities.

Jacobs, David E.; Kelly, Tom; Sobolewski, John

2007-01-01

277

Technology development activities for housing research animals on Space Station Freedom  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development and design of animal facilities are described in terms of the technological needs for NASA's Biological Flight Research Laboratory. Animal habitats are presented with illustrations which encompass waste-collection techniques for microgravity conditions that reduce the need for crew participation. The technology is intended to be highly compatible with animal morphology, and airflow is employed as the primary mechanism of waste control. The airflow can be utilized in the form of localized high-speed directed flow that simultaneously provides a clean animal habitat and low airflow rates. The design of an animal-habitat testbed is presented which capitalizes on contamination-control mechanisms and suitable materials for microgravity conditions. The developments in materials and technologies represent significant contributions for the design of the centrifuge facilities for the Space Station Freedom.

Jenner, Jeffrey W.; Garin, Vladimir M.; Nguyen, Frank D.

1991-01-01

278

Aspects of the Development of Housing for the Spaceflight of Pregnant and Lactating Rats with Neonates  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent and upcoming spaceflights are investigating the effect of weightlessness on developing neural and organ systems. Pregnant rats and dams with neonates have to be accommodated in cages that support the special requirements of these animals. Extensive ground testing of cage concepts, the effect of launch and landing stresses on the maintenance of pregnancy and maternal behavior at different neonatal ages, and techniques for monitoring adaptability to change are discussed. A spaceflight opportunity for the NlH.R3 payload of rat families at three different postnatal ages demonstrated that the survival of very young animals was not good but that older newborns could be returned to Earth in reasonably good health. The development of cages for the Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF) to support the flight of neonates on Neurolab was continued and incorporated modifications that were demonstrated by the NIH.R3 flight. Other modifications to the RAHF are discussed. Data from biocompatibility and experiment verification testing are presented.

Hinds, William E.; Mayer, David J.; Evans, Juli; Spratt, Shahn; Lane, Philip K.; Rodriguez, Shari L.; Navidi, Meena; Armstrong, Rachel; Lemos, Bonnie; Dalton, Bonnie P. (Technical Monitor)

1996-01-01

279

The Design of Housing and Shelter Programs: The Social and Environmental Determinants of Inequalities  

PubMed Central

Both developed and less developed countries are becoming increasingly urbanized. The earlier industrialized countries have developed more infrastructure to support the building of healthy housing, in neighborhoods that are strongly linked to municipal and global health initiatives, but to some degree housing and neighborhood issues vary only in degree between the developing and developed worlds. Overall, a billion people, a third of people living in urban areas, live in slums, where environmental determinants lead to disease. Although communicable diseases predominate in the developing world and have reemerged in the developed world, noncommunicable diseases are also growing disproportionately in the developing world. At a global level, the Millennium Development Goals explicitly focus on an integrated approach to slum upgrading. The per capita cost of slum upgrading is almost twice the cost of providing new affordable housing at the outset. It is argued that to improve health and well-being in the slums we need to have interventions that reduce urban poverty in the broadest sense and improve the deficiencies associated with slums. There is an urgent need to scale up the best-practice interventions. Examples are given of successful local community initiatives that have been set up under national strategies in Tanzania and by Indian women’s collectives that are globally linked and have helped develop housing and sanitation improvements. The unit costs for such interventions are within the reach of all the key stakeholders. Global commitment is the only missing link.

Howden-Chapman, Philippa; Patel, Sheela

2007-01-01

280

Burros: Simple, affordable, effective space transportation  

SciTech Connect

This note argues that space is the best place to put not only the sensors, but also the SBIs Spare Based Interceptors and DEWs Directed-Energy Weapons needed to address long-range, intra- and inter-theater missiles efficiently. There are real threats; they are likely to worsen. Ground-based defenses cannot handle them all affordably. Mixes are generally appropriate. There is a role for SBIs, but it doesn't appear to require all of the capabilities built into the current SBIs at the outset. The SBIs that are needed now could be no more than cheap burros that were amenable to joint development and robust command for the protection of all. Their deployment for (GPALs) Global Protection Against Limited Strikes should not adversely impact the arms control or crisis stability of the strategic balance with the Soviet Union in any rational, concrete calculus, including that used by the Soviet Union. Deployment at low latitudes should give them adequate capability against theater launches but none against Soviet (ICMBs) International Ballist Missiles and only marginal, residual impact on (SLBMs) Submarine-Launched Ballistics Missiles. They should not either leave hot production capability of anything threatening or provoke untoward responses. We have a hot production line on Chevrolets that would pose more of a threat to the Soviet Union. Their inability to overcome even crude Soviet countermeasures would be an asset in this light. A companion effort could develop the brilliant eyes needed to guide them. A similar logic is possible with DEWs, but they are less developed and hence less at issue. 57 refs.

Canavan, G.H.

1992-05-01

281

Burros: Simple, affordable, effective space transportation  

SciTech Connect

This note argues that space is the best place to put not only the sensors, but also the SBIs Spare Based Interceptors and DEWs Directed-Energy Weapons needed to address long-range, intra- and inter-theater missiles efficiently. There are real threats; they are likely to worsen. Ground-based defenses cannot handle them all affordably. Mixes are generally appropriate. There is a role for SBIs, but it doesn`t appear to require all of the capabilities built into the current SBIs at the outset. The SBIs that are needed now could be no more than cheap burros that were amenable to joint development and robust command for the protection of all. Their deployment for (GPALs) Global Protection Against Limited Strikes should not adversely impact the arms control or crisis stability of the strategic balance with the Soviet Union in any rational, concrete calculus, including that used by the Soviet Union. Deployment at low latitudes should give them adequate capability against theater launches but none against Soviet (ICMBs) International Ballist Missiles and only marginal, residual impact on (SLBMs) Submarine-Launched Ballistics Missiles. They should not either leave hot production capability of anything threatening or provoke untoward responses. We have a hot production line on Chevrolets that would pose more of a threat to the Soviet Union. Their inability to overcome even crude Soviet countermeasures would be an asset in this light. A companion effort could develop the brilliant eyes needed to guide them. A similar logic is possible with DEWs, but they are less developed and hence less at issue. 57 refs.

Canavan, G.H.

1992-05-01

282

Effect of benserazid and allatectomy on the development and structure of the ovariole in the house cricket, Acheta domestica L.  

PubMed

Light and electron microscopic investigations were carried out on the fourth day imago of the house cricket, Acheta domestica L. treated with benserazid, or allatectomized. Introduction of benserazid (daily on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days of imaginal life in 0.1 mg/g) failed to influence the development of the oocytes. However, benserazid in the concentration of 0.2 mg/g inhibited the growth of the terminal oocytes, while in 0.6 mg/g it completely blocked the development of terminal oocytes and vitellogenesis. The effect of benserazid proved to be reversible. Application of juvenile hormone analogue (ZR-515) prevented the effect of benserazid on the gonads of the crickets. Ultrastructural damages of the oocytes and follicular epithelium were the same in case of benserazid treatment and allatectomy, although the changes were more expressed in the latter case. The benserazid effect was found to be indirect, caused by damage to the interaction between the aminergic and peptidergic systems of the brain. PMID:3442170

Chudakova, I V; Aizenstadt, T B; Rózsa, K S

1986-01-01

283

Ground Processing Affordability for Space Vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Launch vehicles and most of their payloads spend the majority of their time on the ground. The cost of ground operations is very high. So, why so often is so little attention given to ground processing during development? The current global space industry and economic environment are driving more need for efficiencies to save time and money. Affordability and sustainability are more important now than ever. We can not continue to treat space vehicles as mere science projects. More RLV's (Reusable Launch Vehicles) are being developed for the gains of reusability which are not available for ELV's (Expendable Launch Vehicles). More human-rated vehicles are being developed, with the retirement of the Space Shuttles, and for a new global space race, yet these cost more than the many unmanned vehicles of today. We can learn many lessons on affordability from RLV's. DFO (Design for Operations) considers ground operations during design, development, and manufacturing-before the first flight. This is often minimized for space vehicles, but is very important. Vehicles are designed for launch and mission operations. You will not be able to do it again if it is too slow or costly to get there. Many times, technology changes faster than space products such that what is launched includes outdated features, thus reducing competitiveness. Ground operations must be considered for the full product Lifecycle, from concept to retirement. Once manufactured, launch vehicles along with their payloads and launch systems require a long path of processing before launch. Initial assembly and testing always discover problems to address. A solid integration program is essential to minimize these impacts, as was seen in the Constellation Ares I-X test rocket. For RLV's, landing/recovery and post-flight turnaround activities are performed. Multi-use vehicles require reconfiguration. MRO (Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul) must be well-planned--- even for the unplanned problems. Defect limits and standard repairs need to be in-place as well as easily added. Many routine inspections and maintenance can be like an aircraft overhaul. Modifications and technology upgrades should be expected. Another factor affecting ground operations efficiency is trending. It is essential for RLV's, and also useful for ELV's which fly the same or similar models again. Good data analysis of technical and processing performance will determine fixes and improvements needed for safety, design, and future processing. Collecting such data on new or low-frequency vehicles is a challenge. Lessons can be learned from the Space Shuttle, or even the Concorde aircraft. For all of the above topics, efficient business systems must be established for comprehensive program management and good throughput. Drawings, specifications, and manuals for an entire launch vehicle are often in different formats from multiple vendors, plus they have proprietary constraints. Nonetheless, the integration team must ensure that all data needed is compatible and visible to each appropriate team member. Ground processing systems for scheduling, tracking, problem resolution, etc. must be well laid-out. The balance between COTS (commercial off the shelf) and custom software is difficult. Multiple customers, vendors, launch sites, and landing sites add to the complexity of efficient IT (Information Technology) tools.

Ingalls, John; Scott, Russell

2011-01-01

284

24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing...

2013-04-01

285

Housing and child health.  

PubMed

The connection between housing and health is well established. Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the child's home, such as cleanliness, moisture, pests, noise, accessibility, injury risks, and other forms of housing environmental quality, all have the potential to influence multiple aspects of the health and development of children. Basic sanitation, reduced household crowding, other improvements in housing and expanded, and improved housing regulations have led to advances in children's health. For example, lead poisoning prevention policies have profoundly reduced childhood lead exposure in the United States. This and many other successes highlight the health benefits for families, particularly children, by targeting interventions that reduce or eliminate harmful exposures in the home. Additionally, parental mental health problems, food insecurity, domestic violence, and the presence of guns in children's homes all are largely experienced by children in their homes, which are not as yet considered part of the Healthy Homes agenda. There is a large movement and now a regulatory structure being put in place for healthy housing, which is becoming closely wedded with environmental health, public health, and the practice of pediatrics. The importance of homes in children's lives, history of healthy homes, asthma, and exposures to lead, carbon monoxide, secondhand/thirdhand smoke, radon, allergy triggers is discussed, as well as how changes in ambient temperature, increased humidity, poor ventilation, water quality, infectious diseases, housing structure, guns, electronic media, family structure, and domestic violence all affect children's health. PMID:23953987

Weitzman, Michael; Baten, Ahmareen; Rosenthal, David G; Hoshino, Risa; Tohn, Ellen; Jacobs, David E

2013-09-01

286

65 FR 9322 - Super Notice of Funding Availability (SuperNOFA) for HUD's Housing, Community Development and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...promising technology, to transfer models and lessons learned in each of its CD-TA...Housing Partnership Components of EOI and PEI, Model Codes Partnership Component of EOI-National...by offering Homebuyer Education and Learning Program (HELP) training...

2000-02-24

287

Can industry afford solar energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Falling oil prices and conservation measures have reduced the economic impetus to develop new energy sources, thus decreasing the urgency for bringing solar conversion technologies to commercial readiness at an early date. However, the capability for solar to deliver thermal energy for industrial uses is proven. A year-round operation would be three times as effective as home heating, which is necessary only part of the year. Flat plate, parabolic trough, and solar tower power plant demonstration projects, though uneconomically operated, have revealed engineering factors necessary for successful use of solar-derived heat for industrial applications. Areas of concern have been categorized as technology comparisons, load temperatures, plant size, location, end-use, backup requirements, and storage costs. Tax incentives have, however, supported home heating and not industrial uses, and government subsidies have historically gone to conventional energy sources. Tax credit programs which could lead to a 20% market penetration by solar energy in the industrial sector by the year 2000 are presented.

Kreith, F.; Bezdek, R.

1983-03-01

288

The Importance of the Meaning and Measurement of “Affordable” in the Affordable Care Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the practical importance of a critical but under-explored interpretation of a provision in the Affordable Care Act (ACA): whether “affordable” refers to the cost of single coverage alone, or to family or single coverage as applicable to the worker, in determining the employer’s mandated coverage requirement and workers’ (and their dependents’) access to subsidized exchange coverage.

Richard V. Burkhauser; Sean Lyons; Kosali I. Simon

2011-01-01

289

The Transformation of Ergonomic Affordances into Cultural Affordances: The Case of the Alnuset System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it possible to study the ergonomic affordances offered by a system designed for educational aims and their transformation into cultural affordances? To this purpose, what references can we adopt? This work describes the theoretical framework used to realise this study referring to AlNuSet, a system realised within the EC ReMath project to…

Chiappini, Giampaolo

2012-01-01

290

IMP3 RNP Safe Houses Prevent miRNA-Directed HMGA2 mRNA Decay in Cancer and Development.  

PubMed

The IMP3 RNA-binding protein is associated with metastasis and poor outcome in human cancer. Using solid cancer transcriptome data, we found that IMP3 correlates with HMGA2 mRNA expression. Cytoplasmic IMP3 granules contain HMGA2, and IMP3 dose-dependently increases HMGA2 mRNA. HMGA2 is regulated by let-7, and let-7 antagomiRs make HMGA2 refractory to IMP3. Removal of let-7 target sites eliminates IMP3-dependent stabilization, and IMP3-containing bodies are depleted of Ago1-4 and miRNAs. The relationship between Hmga2 mRNA and IMPs also exists in the developing limb bud, where IMP1-deficient embryos show dose-dependent Hmga2 mRNA downregulation. Finally, IMP3 ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) contain other let-7 target mRNAs, including LIN28B, and a global gene set enrichment analysis demonstrates that miRNA-regulated transcripts in general are upregulated following IMP3 induction. We conclude that IMP3 RNPs may function as cytoplasmic safe houses and prevent miRNA-directed mRNA decay of oncogenes during tumor progression. PMID:24703842

Jønson, Lars; Christiansen, Jan; Hansen, Thomas V O; Vikeså, Jonas; Yamamoto, Yohei; Nielsen, Finn C

2014-04-24

291

Housing Management: Tenants Recreation System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program developed a tenant's recreation system. With the active involvement of tenants in the planning and development, the program aims at development of constructi...

1976-01-01

292

Housing Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

Schmalz, Georgann

1985-01-01

293

Affordances of a scaffolded-social learning network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to examine the development and use of a scaffolded-social learning network (S2LN) called Remix World. The local aim is to increase understanding of how Remix World is integrated into programmatic and curricular structures as a way to support learning. The broader aim is to contribute to conversations about learning opportunities that S2LNs afford for participants.

Jolene Zywica; Kimberly A. Richards; Kim Gomez

2011-01-01

294

An affordable wearable video system for emergency response training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many emergency response units are currently faced with restrictive budgets that prohibit their use of advanced technology-based training solutions. Our work focuses on creating an affordable, mobile, state-of-the-art emergency response training solution through the integration of low-cost, commercially available products. The system we have developed consists of tracking, audio, and video capability, coupled with other sensors that can all be

Deen King-Smith; Aravind Mikkilineni; David Ebert; Timothy Collins; Edward J. Delp

2009-01-01

295

Affordance of Ubiquitous Learning through Cloud Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advance of mobile technology has empowered learners. The affordance of mobile technology can be exploited to make education more pervasive and equitable. It expedites the pedagogical shift from teacher-centered to student-centered learning, enabling a ubiquitous learning environment that will promote students' engagement through multiple modalities. We explore ways to maximize the power of mobile learning technologies to increase enrollment,

Xin Bai

2010-01-01

296

Building an affordable projective, immersive display  

Microsoft Academic Search

Immersive, interactive virtual reality is a tool with hypothetically limitless uses. However, so far it has been put to serious use primarily in technical application areas such as computational science, automotive engineering, and chemical exploration. Groups working in these fields often have large budgets and can afford expensive, advanced displays. VR should also be of value to schools and museums,

Dave Pape; Josephine Anstey

2002-01-01

297

Diabetes and the affordable care act.  

PubMed

Abstract The Affordable Care Act-"Obamacare"-is the most important federal medical legislation to be enacted since Medicare. Although the goal of the Affordable Care Act is to improve healthcare coverage, access, and quality for all Americans, people with diabetes are especially poised to benefit from the comprehensive reforms included in the act. Signed into law in 2010, this massive legislation will slowly be enacted over the next 10 years. In the making for at least a decade, it will affect every person in the United States, either directly or indirectly. In this review, we discuss the major changes in healthcare that will take place in the next several years, including (1) who needs to purchase insurance on the Web-based exchange, (2) the cost to individuals and the rebates that they may expect, (3) the rules and regulations for purchasing insurance, (4) the characteristics of the different "metallic" insurance plans that are available, and (5) the states that have agreed to participate. With both tables and figures, we have tried to make the Affordable Care Act both understandable and appreciated. The goal of this comprehensive review is to highlight aspects of the Affordable Care Act that are of importance to practitioners who care for people with diabetes by discussing both the positive and the potentially negative aspects of the program as they relate to diabetes care. PMID:24927108

Burge, Mark R; Schade, David S

2014-07-01

298

Transcript Hispanics and the Affordable Care Act  

Cancer.gov

Transcript Hispanics and the Affordable Care Act Hola, habla con usted la doctora Amelie Ramirez. Esto es lo que los latinos deben saber: La Ley del Cuidado de Salud ayudará a que la cobertura de seguro médico esté a disposición de muchas personas que,

299

Medicare and the Affordable Care Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recently enacted Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act made modest changes to improve Medicare and obtained a substantial share of funding for the Act's broader reforms from future spending reductions in the program. Drug benefits and preventive services were improved. While painful, the spending reductions will have only moderate impacts on beneficiaries and should help achieve the goals of

Marilyn Moon

2012-01-01

300

Can the US afford a lunar base  

SciTech Connect

Establishing a lunar base will require steady funding for a decade or two. The question addressed here is whether such a large space project is affordable at this time. The relevant facts and methodology are presented so that the reader may formulate independent answers. It is shown that a permanent lunar base can be financed without increasing NASA's historical budgetary trends.

Keaton, P.W.

1986-01-01

301

9 Tips for Affordable Student Trips  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trick to having a successful and affordable trip is planning ahead and planning thoroughly. Keep the spirits high and the costs low by following a well-traveled ensemble director's suggestions as presented in this article. These tips include finding local attractions that are unique to the city that the group will be visiting, looking at…

Adams, Jonathan

2013-01-01

302

Perceiving Affordances for Another Person's Actions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The perception of affordances for the actions of other people (actors) was examined. Observers judged the maximum and preferred sitting heights of tall and short actors. Judgments were scaled in centimeters, as a proportion of the observer's leg length, and as a proportion of each actor's leg length. In Experiment 1 observers viewed live actors standing next to a chair.

Thomas A. Stoffregen; Kathleen M. Gorday; Yang-Yi Sheng; Steven B. Flynn

1999-01-01

303

Affordable Alternative Energy at the Community Level  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biomass fuel briquettes offer an affordable, efficient, and renewable source of energy for home use. Shredded waste paper and biomaterials, which do not require the destruction of natural resources, serve as an excellent fuel source due to their availability, low cost, and favorable combustion properties. Chemical testing of briquettes for carcinogenic and hazardous emissions involves gaseous entrapment followed by soxlet

Mark Swartz

2009-01-01

304

The interplay between sensory-motor and intentional affordances  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Interaction Design affordance is so far the most well known concept coming from the embodied view of cognition. Yet it is hard to disagree that notwithstanding the effort to make of affordances a heuristic resource in the design process, affordances have been used post-hoc or as exploitation of existing human dispositions. However affordances have mostly been considered in contest

Antonio Rizzo; Maria DeMonte; Elisa Rubegni; Silvia Torsi

305

No Role for Motor Affordances in Visual Working Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motor affordances have been shown to play a role in visual object identification and categorization. The present study explored whether working memory is likewise supported by motor affordances. Use of motor affordances should be disrupted by motor interference, and this effect should be larger for objects that have motor affordances than for…

Pecher, Diane

2013-01-01

306

Smart Houses  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

1987-01-01

307

U.S. Housing Patterns, Living Arrangements, and Life Chances  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this assignment you will use U.S. census data to get an overview of housing patterns (ownership and types of housing) and living arrangements as a way of understanding more about one example of what Weber referred to as life chances (or, basically, the ability to access to resources we need to live a good life). As well, access to housing is considered one of the main features of the American Dream. Unfortunately, as the need for low-income housing units has doubled over the last three decades, the number of low-income housing units nationwide has been cut in half. Minneapolis and other cities have established annual goals for increasing the stock of affordable housing in response to a severe shortage of low-cost housing.

Kayongo-Male, Diane

2009-04-22

308

78 FR 14109 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Housing Opportunities for Persons With AIDS (HOPWA...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Strategic Plan, and the Opening Doors Federal Strategic Plan to Prevent and End Homelessness. These award actions address goals to: Prevent and end homelessness; increase the supply of affordable housing; and increase the coordination...

2013-03-04

309

The development of a code of practice for single house on-site wastewater treatment in Ireland.  

PubMed

The performance of six separate percolation areas was intensively monitored to ascertain the attenuation effects of unsaturated subsoils with respect to on-site wastewater effluent: three sites receiving septic tank effluent, the other three sites receiving secondary treated effluent. The development of a biomat across the percolation areas receiving secondary treated effluent was restricted on these sites compared to those sites receiving septic tank effluent. This created significant differences in terms of the hydraulic loading on the percolation areas with implications for the transport and attenuation of indicator microorganisms and nitrogen down through the subsoils and into the groundwater. The results of this work have formed a large input into the production of a new Code of Practice Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems Serving Single Houses. This has led to changes in the design of on-site hydraulic loading from 180 L per capita per day (L/c.d) down to 150 L/c.d. The range of acceptable subsoils receiving septic tank effluent has narrowed for more highly permeable subsoils following a series of tracer studies using bacteriophages. However, the range has been extended for lower permeability subsoils (range 0.08 down to 0.06 m/d) receiving secondary treated effluent in order to encourage the effluent to spread further along the trenches. The maximum individual length of percolation trenches receiving secondary effluent has also been reduced to 10 m to encourage dispersion on a wider area. This paper thus highlights how research can directly feed into a Code of Practice. PMID:22097047

Gill, L W

2011-01-01

310

75 FR 8393 - Housing Counseling Training Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5376-N-09] Housing Counseling Training Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information...lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Housing Counseling Training Program. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0567....

2010-02-24

311

New Trends in Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the influence of residence halls in supporting a college's admissions and recruiting process for attracting highly qualified students. It explores the trends in student housing needs and how a school can meet those needs, and examines possible funding solutions for dormitory renovations. Recommendations for developing housing strategies…

Koch, David; Wesse, David; Stickney, Robert

1999-01-01

312

Managing an Unstable Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper it is intended to place the recent experience of the Irish housing market in the context of economic and property market cycles, how these interact over a property cycle and lessons from recent policy experience including interventions in the housing area. In spatial terms the currenthousing market can be seen as the result of an ad-hoc development

Brendan Williams; Brian Hughes; Declan Redmond

2010-01-01

313

The College Housing Loan Program: More Effective Management Needed.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Housing and Urban Development administers a low-interest college housing loan program which was resumed in 1977 at congressional direction to relieve localized shortages of student housing and renovate buildings for energy conservation. ...

1980-01-01

314

Comment on Michael A. Stegman, Walter R. Davis, and Roberto Quercia's “The Earned Income Tax Credit as an instrument of housing policy”  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the housing affordability issue to advocate for an expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit as part of a broader working families agenda is politically shrewd. The American public strongly supports the idea that those who “work and play by the rules” (207) should be able to afford the basic essentials of life, and housing is obviously one of

Joseph Harkness

2004-01-01

315

Approach to an Affordable and Productive Space Transportation System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes an approach for creating space transportation architectures that are affordable, productive, and sustainable. The architectural scope includes both flight and ground system elements, and focuses on their compatibility to achieve a technical solution that is operationally productive, and also affordable throughout its life cycle. Previous papers by the authors and other members of the Space Propulsion Synergy Team (SPST) focused on space flight system engineering methods, along with operationally efficient propulsion system concepts and technologies. This paper follows up previous work by using a structured process to derive examples of conceptual architectures that integrate a number of advanced concepts and technologies. The examples are not intended to provide a near-term alternative architecture to displace current near-term design and development activity. Rather, the examples demonstrate an approach that promotes early investments in advanced system concept studies and trades (flight and ground), as well as in advanced technologies with the goal of enabling highly affordable, productive flight and ground space transportation systems.

McCleskey, Carey M.; Rhodes, Russel E.; Lepsch, Roger A.; Henderson, Edward M.; Robinson, John W.

2012-01-01

316

Optimized plan of centralized and decentralized wastewater reuse systems for housing development in the urban area of Xi'an, China.  

PubMed

In an arid and water deficient urban area, such as Xi'an in the northwest region of China, gardening and forestation often use large amounts of tap water. Therefore, there is a need for treated wastewater reuse for such purpose to mitigate urban water shortage, especially in the newly developed housing area, where a high green coverage is often required for both commercial value and living condition improvement. Supply of the treated wastewater through a centralized system which has been planned and partially constructed is one measure to meet such need, but it may require an extension of the distribution system for a full coverage of the whole city area. A supplementary measure is to construct decentralized wastewater treatment and reuse (DESAR) systems in areas that are distant from the planned centralized system. In order to optimize the plan of wastewater reuse for housing development in the urban area, the authors analyzed the existing plan of centralized wastewater reuse and the envisaged plan of housing development in Xi'an urban area. A method was proposed for selection of a feasible way of reclaimed water reuse from two options, namely centralized and decentralized ones, by introducing a critical distance L0 which depends on the relationship between the cost for DESAR system installation and that for water delivery pipeline construction. If the distance from the project site to the nearest access point of the centralized system L is shorter than L0 then using reclaim water from the centralized system becomes more feasible, and otherwise DESAR system installation becomes more feasible. A distribution map was thus obtained to show an optimized plan of centralized and decentralized wastewater reuse systems for housing development in Xi'an city. An example was also given to show the advantage of a DESAR system installed. PMID:18824793

Wang, X C; Chen, R; Zhang, Q H; Li, K

2008-01-01

317

Cost-Effectiveness of a Community-Level HIV Risk Reduction Intervention for Women Living in Low-Income Housing Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis of a multi-site community-level HIV prevention trial that enrolled women living in 18 low-income housing developments in 5 U.S. cities. A mathematical model of HIV transmission was used to estimate the number of HIV infections averted and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) saved by the community-level intervention, based on data obtained from community-wide sexual behavior surveys

Ana P. Johnson-Masotti; Steven D. Pinkerton; Kathleen J. Sikkema; Jeffrey A. Kelly; David A. Wagstaff

2005-01-01

318

The impact of failed housing policy on the public behavioral health system.  

PubMed

The author describes the crisis in affordable housing for individuals with serious mental illness who have extremely low incomes and outlines implications for the behavioral health system. Studies have shown that nowhere in the United States can an individual with serious mental illness who is receiving Supplemental Security Income afford housing. This has contributed to compliance issues with the Americans With Disabilities Act. The failure of housing policy to effectively address the needs of individuals with serious mental illness who are in poverty is largely to blame for the most visible and costly failures attributed to the behavioral health system: institutionalization, incarceration, and chronic homelessness. It is critical for the behavioral health field to advocate for housing policies to address the housing affordability crisis. PMID:24584525

Martone, Kevin

2014-03-01

319

Poets House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Poets House is an organization that focuses on modern poetry and is a "national poetry library and literary center that invites poets and the public to step into the living tradition of poetry." The website of this New York-based treasure is now in Battery Park City, and houses a 50,000 volume poetry collection of varied media, including journals, audio, video, and digital media. The "News" tab offers a slideshow of "Poetry Hard-Hat Tours" that has almost two dozen photos of the progress of the building of the new Battery Park City location. The "Programs" tab on the left hand menu leads the visitors to a "Calendar of Events", as well as descriptions of the events on the calendar, such as "Seminars and Workshops", "Showcase Events" and "Conversations on Poetics". The "Directory" tab on the left hand menu offers a free 20,000 title online database of poetry titles published between 1990 and 2008, and is searchable by numerous criteria, as well as sortable by author, title, or publisher.

320

Development of an orange juice in-house reference material and its application to guarantee the quality of vitamin C determination in fruits, juices and fruit pulps.  

PubMed

Reference materials are useful for the quality control of analytical procedures and to evaluate the performance of laboratories. There are few and expensive certified reference materials commercially available for vitamin C or ascorbic acid analysis in food matrices. In this study, the preparation and the suitability assessment of an orange juice in-house reference material (RM) for vitamin C analysis in fruits, juices and in fruit pulps is described. This RM was used for the development and full validation of an HPLC method. The results showed excellent linearity (r(2)=0.9995), good accuracy (96.6-97.3%) and precision, as relative standard deviation, ranged from 0.70% to 3.67%. The in-house RM was homogenous and stable at storage conditions (-80°C) during 12 months. According to our results, this in-house RM is an excellent tool to use in quality control and method verification purposes for vitamin C analysis of fruits, juices and fruit pulps matrices. Furthermore, a stabilization solution with perchloric and metaphosphoric acids was developed which prevents degradation of ascorbic acid for a period of 12 months at -80°C. PMID:24518317

Valente, A; Sanches-Silva, A; Albuquerque, T G; Costa, H S

2014-07-01

321

41 CFR 102-75.565 - Is the requirement for self-help housing or housing assistance use of the property by an eligible...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Is the requirement for self-help housing or housing assistance... § 102-75.565 Is the requirement for self-help housing or housing assistance...Development (HUD)? Yes, the requirement for self-help housing or housing...

2013-07-01

322

Human resource management and learning based on in-house R&D in a developing country context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the influence of human resource management practices on the likelihood that a firm performs in-house R&D. The latter is broadly interpreted as learning---a mechanism promoting absorptive capacity and supporting technology capability-building in latecomer firms. The use of distinct definitions of R&D implies different knowledge requirements that firms need to fulfil in order to innovate. The analysis assumes

Fernando Santiago; Ludovico Alcorta

323

Supervisory Skills for Housing Managers. Participant's Workbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The workbook on supervisory skills for housing managers is 1 of 18 in a housing management curriculum developed by HUD to upgrade management skills in HUD-related housing. Many of the principles presented should also be viewed by students and instructors ...

1979-01-01

324

Where Can I Read the Affordable Care Act?  

MedlinePLUS

... the Law Where can I read the Affordable Care Act? Email Print You can read the Affordable Care Act by visiting the links below. The health care law, sometimes known as "Obamacare," was signed March ...

325

Perceiving affordances for different motor skills.  

PubMed

We examined several factors that affect people's ability to perceive possibilities for action. In Experiment 1, 24 participants crossed expanses of various sizes in three conditions: leaping, a familiar, launching action system; arm-swinging on monkey bars, an unpracticed skill that uses the arms rather than the legs; and crawling on hands and knees, a disused skill that involves all four limbs. Before and after performing each action, participants gave verbal judgments about the largest gap they could cross. Participants scaled initial judgments to their actual abilities in all three conditions. But they considerably underestimated their abilities for leaping, a launching action, and for arm-swinging when it was performed as a launching action; judgments about crawling, a non-launching action, and arm-swinging when it was performed as a non-launching action were more accurate. Thus, launching actions appear to produce a deficit in perceiving affordances that is not ameliorated by familiarity with the action. However, after performing the actions, participants partially corrected for the deficiency and more accurately judged their abilities for launching actions-suggesting that even brief action experience facilitates the perception of affordances. In Experiment 2, we confirmed that the deficit was due to the launching nature of the leaping and arm-swinging actions in Experiment 1. We asked an additional 12 participants to cross expanses using two non-launching actions using the legs (stepping across an expanse) and the arms (reaching across an expanse). Participants were highly accurate when judging affordances for these actions, supporting launching as the cause of the underestimation reported in Experiment 1. PMID:23411672

Cole, Whitney G; Chan, Gladys L Y; Vereijken, Beatrix; Adolph, Karen E

2013-03-01

326

Housing, Design, and Furnishings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains teacher's materials for a six-unit secondary education vocational home economics course on housing, design, and furnishings. The units cover: (1) the societal aspects of housing (including the relationship between housing and the economy, population trends, and culture-related housing characteristics); (2) family housing

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

327

Effect of housing system, slaughter weight and slaughter strategy on carcass and meat quality, sex organ development and androstenone and skatole levels in Duroc finished entire male pigs.  

PubMed

This study aimed at evaluating the effect of housing system (HS), slaughter weight (SW) and strategy (SS) on carcass a nd meat quality, sexual organ development and boar taint in entire males. Twelve pens of 10 pigs were used (two trials). Half of male pens were allowed visual contact with females (MF) and half with males (MM). Half MM or MF were slaughtered at 105 or 130 kg in trial 1, or penwise or by split marketing in trial 2 at 120 kg. Housing system showed no significant effect on carcass or meat quality. MF presented significantly longer testicles and heavier bulbourethral glands compared to MM. The distribution of androstenone and skatole levels was affected by SW but not by HS or SS, samples with androstenone >1 ?g/g of the different groups falling within the range of 16 to 22%. All correlations between androstenone and sex organs were significant. Housing system and slaughter strategy did not reduce the risk of boar tainted carcasses. PMID:21641121

Fàbrega, E; Gispert, M; Tibau, J; Hortós, M; Oliver, M A; Furnols, M Font I

2011-12-01

328

Trial of Formulating Affordance Features for Product Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research is to formulate relationships between the geometrical attributes of objects and affordance for operations\\u000a as affordance features. If affordance features are well formulated, then they will allow designers to strengthen intended\\u000a affordances for higher usability of products or to systematically examine and achieve product or interface shapes with both\\u000a high usability and aestheticity or novelty.

Tamotsu Murakami; Mariko Higuchi; Hideyoshi Yanagisawa

2009-01-01

329

Campus Housing: The Turnkey Route  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the application of the turnkey" approach at three universities in which a developer plans, designs, and builds new housing to meet the institution's specifications at a predetermined, fixed cost. (JF)

Planning for Higher Education, 1972

1972-01-01

330

Hood River Passive House  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project. The design includes high R-Value assemblies, extremely tight construction, high performance doors and windows, solar thermal DHW, heat recovery ventilation, moveable external shutters and a high performance ductless mini-split heat pump. Cost analysis indicates that many of the measures implemented in this project did not meet the BA standard for cost neutrality. The ductless mini-split heat pump, lighting and advanced air leakage control were the most cost effective measures. The future challenge will be to value engineer the performance levels indicated here in modeling using production based practices at a significantly lower cost.

Hales, D.

2014-01-01

331

Affordance theory: a framework for graduate students' information behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study seeks to apply ecological psychology's concept of “affordance” to graduate students' information behavior in the academic library, and to explore the extent to which the affordances experienced by graduate students differed from the affordances librarians were attempting to provide. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In-depth, qualitative interviews with graduate students and academic librarians explored how the students perceived and

Lisa M. Given

2007-01-01

332

Are Different Affordances Subserved by Different Neural Pathways?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper questions whether affordances are allied exclusively to dorsal stream processing within the visual system, or whether in fact different affordances are subserved by functionally independent neural pathways. Using case study evidence from patients with various visual pathologies, I argue that affordances can be categorised into type…

Young, Garry

2006-01-01

333

Perceptions of Nonprofit Funding Decisions: A Survey of Local Public Administrators and Executive Directors of Community-Based Housing Organizations (CBHOs)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares how local public administrators and executive directors of community-based housing organizations (CBHO)\\u000a perceive nonprofit funding decisions. The article’s findings suggest that both groups shared perceptions about the scope of\\u000a affordable housing and factors influencing its funding. Yet, important differences existed. Public administrators were ambivalent\\u000a about nonprofit capacity and affordable housing outcomes. They also underestimated the importance of

Robert Mark Silverman

2009-01-01

334

State of Fair Housing: Annual Report on Fair Housing, FY 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report was prepared in accordance with Sections 808(e)(2) and (6) of the Fair Housing Act and Section 561(j) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987, as amended. These statutory mandates require the Secretary of Housing and Urban Develop...

2005-01-01

335

Blueprint to End Homelessness. An Initiative of the Indianapolis Housing Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Homelessness can be ended, but not unless a much greater effort is mounted to help homeless people find and maintain safe, decent housing they can afford. This Blueprint calls for a 'housing first' approach that emphasizes placing homeless people in affor...

2002-01-01

336

Europe's Housing Squeeze Puts Students in Tight Spots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Affordable housing is an elusive commodity for students in Paris and much of the rest of Europe. Many European universities are in cities where property values have soared in recent years--along with higher-education enrollment figures and the number of students vying for rooms. Few of the universities have dormitories, and students are left…

Labi, Aisha

2008-01-01

337

Women's housing conditions in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

This news article describes women's housing conditions, housing policy, and pilot programs to house poor women in Bangladesh. Although Bangladesh has a constitution that reinforces the equal status of women, in practice, men dominate and patrilineal customs determine inheritance and property rights. Religious affiliation also determines land tenure and inheritance. Muslim women can inherit 12.5% of their husband's property if there are children. 25% is inherited if wives are without children. Hindu women without sons can inherit their husband's property, but not parental property. Many families refuse to release property to women without a fight. Women, regardless of ownership of land, rarely control or use their land. The custom of requiring men to maintain wives during the marriage, and daughters until marriage, creates obstacles to women's decision making about property. Without collateral and other security women are unable to secure bank loans. Many women are also constrained by the requirement of male consent or guarantees for bank transactions. Banks do not have a gender responsive criteria for selecting loan recipients. The government does not provide sufficient housing to satisfy the growing housing needs due to population growth. Some housing is available from slum landlords. A National Housing Policy was formulated in 1993. Priority would be given to the housing needs of low income women in urban areas and women-headed households with income below the poverty line. The policy does not address the underlying factors that prevent equal access to housing for women. The government prepared a Human Settlement and Urban Development proposal for the Habitat II conference. The plan did not address gender issues. Special efforts are being made by nongovernmental groups to meet the housing needs of professional women and for some disadvantaged women. PMID:12347277

Shefali, M K

1996-01-01

338

Housing under the pyramid reduces susceptibility of hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neurons to prenatal stress in the developing rat offspring.  

PubMed

Mother-offspring interaction begins before birth. The foetus is particularly vulnerable to environmental insults and stress. The body responds by releasing excess of the stress hormone cortisol, which acts on glucocorticoid receptors. Hippocampus in the brain is rich in glucocorticoid receptors and therefore susceptible to stress. The stress effects are reduced when the animals are placed under a model wooden pyramid. The present study was to first explore the effects of prenatal restraint-stress on the plasma corticosterone levels and the dendritic arborisation of CA3 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampus of the offspring. Further, to test whether the pyramid environment would alter these effects, as housing under a pyramid is known to reduce the stress effects, pregnant Sprague Dawley rats were restrained for 9 h per day from gestation day 7 until parturition in a wire-mesh restrainer. Plasma corticosterone levels were found to be significantly increased. In addition, there was a significant reduction in the apical and the basal total dendritic branching points and intersections of the CA3 hippocampal pyramidal neurons. The results thus suggest that, housing in the pyramid dramatically reduces prenatal stress effects in rats. PMID:24579372

Murthy, Krishna Dilip; George, Mitchel Constance; Ramasamy, Perumal; Mustapha, Zainal Arifin

2013-12-01

339

Affordable Laser Communication in the Classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several companies sell systems that illustrate laser communication such as Arbor Scientific1. These systems can be too expensive for classroom use. We will demonstrate a technique to modulate a standard diode laser using a microphone or other sound source that is capable of transmitting voice and music. This affordable system can transmit over 350 feet using simple, inexpensive parts readily available at your local electronics store. We will provide a list of parts necessary for assembly, detailed assembly instructions, as well as some suggested investigations using the laser communication system. This system can be used in the classroom either as a demonstration or hands-on activity to explore the physics and technology involved, citing more sophisticated laser communication systems on board spacecraft such as the Mercury Messenger Mission and the Mars Telecommunications Orbiter. 1http://www.arborsci.com

Walker, Constance E.; Sparks, R.; Pompea, S.

2006-12-01

340

An Object Oriented Extensible Architecture for Affordable Aerospace Propulsion Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Driven by a need to explore and develop propulsion systems that exceeded current computing capabilities, NASA Glenn embarked on a novel strategy leading to the development of an architecture that enables propulsion simulations never thought possible before. Full engine 3 Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamic propulsion system simulations were deemed impossible due to the impracticality of the hardware and software computing systems required. However, with a software paradigm shift and an embracing of parallel and distributed processing, an architecture was designed to meet the needs of future propulsion system modeling. The author suggests that the architecture designed at the NASA Glenn Research Center for propulsion system modeling has potential for impacting the direction of development of affordable weapons systems currently under consideration by the Applied Vehicle Technology Panel (AVT).

Follen, Gregory J.

2003-01-01

341

Blair House: The President's Guest House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Blair House has been the next-door neighbor of the White House in Washington, DC since 1824 and it is the President's official guest house. The house is named after Francis Preston Blair, who served in President Andrew Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet" and he was the consummate political insider during the administrations of Martin Van Buren and Abraham Lincoln. Today, the house also serves as a home for the president-elect in the days before the inauguration. This marvelous website from CSPAN provides visitors with video clips of the house, and it's quite a tour. There are ten short profiles that include views of the principal suite, the drawing room, and the Lincoln Room. The site also has interviews with people who have spent time getting to know the Blair House, including Ambassador Nancy Brinker and Deputy Chief of Protocol Raymond P. Martinez.

342

Science House: Countertop Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page features a collection of more than 30 experiments for elementary and secondary science classrooms, all culled from teacher training workshops by The Science House. Each lab introduces a topic in a real-world context: for example, students make ice cream as they experiment with adding solutes to lower the freezing point of a solvent. Topics include conservation of mass, chemical reactions, density, radioactive decay, chromatography, gas properties, and more. The Science House is a project based at North Carolina State University. It sponsors teacher training programs, curriculum development, web-based experiments for use in K-12 classrooms, long-term loans of laboratory equipment, summer student research programs, and community outreach.

2011-04-29

343

Cellular analysis by open-source software for affordable cytometry.  

PubMed

Image cytometry is an important technique in affordable healthcare and cellular research. Some efforts toward establishing a personal, low-cost cytometer have been described in the literature. However, a self-assembled fluorescence microscope requires software for cytometric analysis. There are some open-source image-based software analysis applications available. However, for a quantitative analysis of images, software that can generate data comparable to those of previously evaluated cytometric analyses programs is required. Hence, the aim of this study is to compare results of a commercially available image cytometry program to data obtained using the open-source software CellProfiler (CP). Leukocytes and fluorescent bead images obtained using a Laser Scanning Cytometer were analyzed by CP and the results compared with those of conventional cytometric analyses' programs. Algorithms were developed enabling the analysis of leukocytes and beads by CP. CP provided similar results to those obtained by the cytometer software. Hallmark parameters, including cell count and fluorescence intensity, revealed a high correlation in the analysis of both programs. Therefore, CP is appropriate for cellular analysis on a self-assembled microscope, thereby enabling affordable cytometry. PMID:21319173

Mittag, Anja; Pinto, Fernanda E; Endringer, Denise C; Tarnok, Attila; Lenz, Dominik

2011-01-01

344

Reference Reactor Module for the Affordable Fission Surface Power System  

SciTech Connect

Surface fission power systems on the Moon and Mars may provide the first US application of fission reactor technology in space since 1965. The requirements of many surface power applications allow the consideration of systems with much less development risk than most other space reactor applications, because of modest power (10s of kWe) and no driving need for minimal mass (allowing temperatures <1000 K). The Affordable Fission Surface Power System (AFSPS) study was completed by NASA/DOE to determine the cost of a modest performance, low-technical risk surface power system. This paper describes the reference AFSPS reactor module concept, which is designed to provide a net power of 40 kWe for 8 years on the lunar surface; note, the system has been designed with technologies that are fully compatible with a Martian surface application. The reactor concept uses stainless-steel based, UO{sub 2}-fueled, liquid metal-cooled fission reactor coupled to free-piston Stirling converters. The reactor shielding approach utilizes both in-situ and launched shielding to keep the dose to astronauts much lower than the natural background radiation on the lunar surface. One of the important 'affordability' attributes is that the concept has been designed to minimize both the technical and programmatic safety risk.

Poston, David I.; Kapernick, Richard J.; Dixon, David D.; Amiri, Benjamin W.; Marcille, Thomas F. [Nuclear Systems Design Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 87545 (United States)

2008-01-21

345

The Pricing of Purchase Discount Options in Taiwanese Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we design a house purchase discount option to promote house sale. We are also able to provide the closed-form pricing formula for these new options. This new designed discount option is especially suitable for using in a house pre-sale system. This option can help to promote house sale and also help to stabilize the developer's stock price.

Yao-Min Chiang; Chia-Hsing Huang; Jay Sa-Aadu

346

Public Housing Smarts: Two Universities Discover a Trove of Opportunity in New Orleans' Public Housing System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tulane University and Xavier University (Louisiana) are both taking an active role in revitalizing the New Orleans public housing authority, the sixth-largest in the country. In partnership with the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development and the city's housing authority, the two institutions are cooperating in a major renovation…

Boulard, Garry

1998-01-01

347

Neighbourhood design and fear of crime: a social-ecological examination of the correlates of residents' fear in new suburban housing developments.  

PubMed

This study explored the relationship between neighbourhood design and residents' fear of crime in new suburban housing developments. Self-report and objective data were collected as part of the RESIDential Environments (RESIDE) Project. A neighbourhood form index based on the planning and land-use characteristics that draw people into public space, facilitate pedestrian movement and ensure the presence of 'territorial guardians' was developed for each participant (n=1059) from objective environmental data. With each additional index attribute, the odds of being fearful reduced (trend test p value=0.001), and this persisted even after progressive adjustment for demographics, victimisation, collective efficacy and perceived problems. The findings support the notion that a more walkable neighbourhood is also a place, where residents feel safer, and provides further evidence endorsing a shift away from low density, curvilinear suburban developments towards more walkable communities with access to shops, parks and transit. PMID:20719555

Foster, Sarah; Giles-Corti, Billie; Knuiman, Matthew

2010-11-01

348

Acceptance in the domestic environment: the experience of senior housing for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender seniors.  

PubMed

The social environment impacts the ability of older adults to interact successfully with their community and age-in-place. This study asked, for the first time, residents of existing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) senior living communities to explain why they chose to live in those communities and what, if any, benefit the community afforded them. Focus groups were conducted at 3 retirement communities. Analysis found common categories across focus groups that explain the phenomenon of LGBT senior housing. Acceptance is paramount for LGBT seniors and social networks expanded, contrary to socioemotional selectivity theory. Providers are encouraged to develop safe spaces for LGBT seniors. PMID:24313822

Sullivan, Kathleen M

2014-01-01

349

Utilizing Fission Technology to Enable Rapid and Affordable Access to any Point in the Solar System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fission technology can enable rapid, affordable access to any point in the solar system. Potential fission-based transportation options include bimodal nuclear thermal rockets, high specific energy propulsion systems, and pulsed fission propulsion systems. In-space propellant re-supply enhances the effective performance of all systems, but requires significant infrastructure development. Safe, timely, affordable utilization of first-generation space fission propulsion systems will enable the development of more advanced systems. First generation systems can build on over 45 years of US and international space fission system technology development to minimize cost.

Houts, Mike; Bonometti, Joe; Morton, Jeff; Hrbud, Ivana; Bitteker, Leo; VanDyke, Melissa; Godfroy, T.; Pedersen, K.; Dobson, C.; Patton, B.; Martin, J.; Chakrabarti, S.

2000-01-01

350

Working with Local Nonprofit Organizations. The Extension Professional's Role in Housing Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extension professions can bring specific expertise to solving community housing problems with local organizations: community knowledge, housing knowledge, volunteer development skills, and organizational development skills. (SK)

Parrott, Kathleen; Engelen-Eigles, Deborah

1992-01-01

351

76 FR 5584 - Valley Affordable Housing Corporation; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...foot-wide intake in place of a 60-foot-long section of the spillway that would be removed; (5) new 10-foot-long, 12-foot-wide...6) a new 30-foot-tall (extending 20 feet above the spillway), 60-foot-wide powerhouse adjacent to the training...

2011-02-01

352

78 FR 41074 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Innovation in Affordable Housing Design Student...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Number and should be sent to: Colette Pollard, Reports Management Officer, QDAM...toll-free number) or email at Colette.Pollard@hud.gov for a copy of the proposed...FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Colette Pollard, Reports Management Officer,...

2013-07-09

353

75 FR 9033 - 2010-2011 Enterprise Affordable Housing Goals; Enterprise Book-Entry Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Freddie Mac were major purchasers of the AAA-rated tranches of PLS that contained...subgoals in part through its purchases of AAA-rated tranches of PLS backed by subprime...hundreds of billions of dollars' worth of AAA-rated tranches of subprime and...

2010-02-26

354

Laboratory evaluation of novaluron as a development site treatment for controlling larval horn flies, house flies, and stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae).  

PubMed

A granular formulation of novaluron (Novaluron 0.2G, 0.2% [AI]), a newer benzoylphenyl urea insecticide, was evaluated for its efficacy in controlling the larval stage of horn flies, Haematobia irritans (L.); house flies, Musca domestica L.; and stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), in cow manure. Various rates and insecticide placement locations (top, middle, and bottom of manure) were evaluated in this study and all combinations of these variables reduced adult emergence of all three species when compared with the untreated controls. The presence of deformed pupae indicated that novaluron had an insect growth regulator effect on the developing fly larvae. Top, middle, or bottom application rates of 0.125, 0.195, 0.25, and 0.375 g novaluron onto manure samples, reduced adult horn fly emergence by > 90%. Middle and bottom application rates of 0.195, 0.25, and 0.375 g novaluron reduced adult house fly emergence >93%. All rates and placement combinations resulted in >98% reduction of adult stable fly emergence. The level of control efficacy observed against these three fly species along with the ease of use of a granular formulation, make this product an ideal candidate for use in an integrated livestock pest management program. PMID:22679873

Lohmeyer, K H; Pound, J M

2012-05-01

355

Developing an in-house resource for clinical social work services in the dialysis setting: a pilot program.  

PubMed

In 2005, the Renal Care Group's social work department in Arizona launched a pilot program to show the viability of an in-house resource for clinical social work services to address depression and treatment adherence among hemodialysis patients. Sixty-three participants were divided into an intervention group that was counseled by a licensed clinical social worker over a span of 3 months and a comparison group that received no additional services. Quantitative data were collected by using the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale, the short form of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life survey, and attendance records. Qualitative data were collected as narrative descriptions of patients' reasons for missing treatment time, their readiness for change, and the benefits they observed with improved adherence. Although no significant differences in outcomes were found between the intervention and comparison groups, women and patients with catheters were significantly more depressed than men and patients with fistulas. The qualitative data indicated that loss of confidence in the healthcare team undermined adherence even though patients described the potential benefits of dialysis in terms of increased energy, emotional well-being, and the ability to resume familiar activities. The findings supported the feasibility of establishing a clinical role within the social work department that would be dedicated to clinical social work practice in the dialysis setting. PMID:16815234

Ivie, James M

2006-07-01

356

75 FR 81662 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Affordable...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review; Comment Request; Affordable Care Act Advance Notice of Rescission...request (ICR) titled, ``Affordable Care Act Advance Notice of Rescission...The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (the Affordable Care...

2010-12-28

357

American Housing Survey for the United States: 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Last Friday, the US Census released their annual American Housing Survey for the United States, which provides up-to-date housing statistics for the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Conducted by field representatives who obtain information from occupants of homes, the survey provides data on "apartments; single-family homes; mobile homes; vacant housing units; age, sex, and race of householders; income; housing and neighborhood quality; housing costs; equipment and fuels; and size of the housing units. The survey also presents data on mortgages, rent control, rent subsidies, previous unit of recent movers, and reasons for moving."

358

Using Educational Design Research Methods to Examine the Affordances of Online Games for Teacher Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to examine the affordances and opportunities from using online games in teacher professional development. Following an educational design research approach, we developed an environment to provide opportunities for in-service teachers to engage in-game-based activities. Our work presented in this manuscript was of…

Vrasidas, Charalambos; Solomou, Maria

2013-01-01

359

78 FR 9936 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): PowerSaver Home Energy Retrofit Loan Pilot Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development, Office of Housing, Department of Housing and Urban Development...HUD to conduct an Energy Efficient Mortgage Innovation...the single family housing market and allocated...existing structures or manufactured homes. The...

2013-02-12

360

Affordable, Robust Ceramic Joining Technology (ARCJoinT)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Joining is recognized as one of the enabling technologies for the application of silicon carbide-based ceramic and composite components in a number of demanding and high temperature applications in aerospace and ground-based systems. An affordable, robust ceramic joining technology (ARCJoinT) for joining of silicon carbide-based ceramics and fiber reinforced composites has been developed. This technique is capable of producing joints with tailorable thickness and composition. A wide variety of silicon carbide-based ceramics and composites, in different shapes and sizes, have been joined using this technique. These joints maintain their mechanical strength up to 1350 C in air. This technology is suitable for the joining of large and complex shaped ceramic and composite components and with certain modifications, can be applied to repair ceramic components damaged in service.

Singh, M.

1998-01-01

361

Fabrication of affordable aspheric mirrors by electroforming; Technical Digest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Fabrication of Affordable Aspheric Mirrors by Electroforming (FAAME) program seeks to lower the cost of aspheric mirrors by developing electroforming processes suitable for optical-quality electroforms. To achieve this goal, two major areas of improvement were pursued: optimizing the electroforming process and utilizing a multi-generational approach. To improve the process, we studied electroforming variables, identifying key factors that affect an electroform's optical quality. Once the factors were identified, the electroforming process was refined, producing mirrors that met the quality goal of 1/4 wave in the infrared. We drew all of this experience together to demonstrate replication of a wildly aspheric mirror for use in a Trans-Atmospheric Interceptor (TAI).

Stein, Berl; Caneer, Art

2005-05-01

362

Perspective of the superintendent's house, assistant superintendent's house, and pump ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Perspective of the superintendent's house, assistant superintendent's house, and pump house near Highway 101. View to the northeast. - Prairie Creek Fish Hatchery, Hwy. 101, Orick, Humboldt County, CA

363

Morus alba L. suppresses the development of atopic dermatitis induced by the house dust mite in NC/Nga mice  

PubMed Central

Background Morus alba, a medicinal plant in Asia, has been used traditionally to treat diabetes mellitus and hypoglycemia. However, the effects of M. alba extract (MAE) on atopic dermatitis have not been verified scientifically. We investigated the effects of MAE on atopic dermatitis through in vitro and in vivo experiments. Methods We evaluated the effects of MAE on the production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in RAW 264.7, as well as thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC/CCL17) in HaCaT cells. In an in vivo experiment, atopic dermatitis was induced by topical application of house dust mites for four weeks, and the protective effects of MAE were investigated by measuring the severity of the skin reaction on the back and ears, the plasma levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE) and histamine, and histopathological changes in the skin on the back and ears. Results MAE suppressed the production of NO and PGE2 in RAW 264.7 cells, as well as TARC in HaCaT cells, in a dose-dependent manner. MAE treatment of NC/Nga mice reduced the severity of dermatitis and the plasma levels of IgE and histamine. MAE also reduced the histological manifestations of atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions such as erosion, hyperplasia of the epidermis and dermis, and inflammatory cell infiltration in the skin on the back and ears. Conclusion Our results suggest that MAE has potent inhibitory effects on atopic dermatitis-like lesion and may be a beneficial natural resource for the treatment of atopic dermatitis.

2014-01-01

364

Affordable Space Tourism: SpaceStationSim  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For over 5 years, people have been living and working in space on the International Space Station (ISS), a state-of-the-art laboratory complex orbiting high above the Earth. Offering a large, sustained microgravity environment that cannot be duplicated on Earth, the ISS furthers humankind s knowledge of science and how the body functions for extended periods of time in space all of which will prove vital on long-duration missions to Mars. On-orbit construction of the station began in November 1998, with the launch of the Russian Zarya Control Module, which provided battery power and fuel storage. This module was followed by additional components and supplies over the course of several months. In November 2000, the first ISS Expedition crew moved in. Since then, the ISS has continued to change and evolve. The space station is currently 240 feet wide, measured across the solar arrays, and 171 feet long, from the NASA Destiny Laboratory to the Russian Zvezda Habitation Module. It is 90 feet tall, and it weighs approximately 404,000 pounds. Crews inhabit a living space of about 15,000 cubic feet. To date, 90 scientific investigations have been conducted on the space station. New results from space station research, from basic science to exploration research, are being published each month, and more breakthroughs are likely to come. It is not all work on the space station, though. The orbiting home affords many of the comforts one finds on Earth. There is a weightless "weight room" and even a musical keyboard alongside research facilities. Holidays are observed, and with them, traditional foods such as turkey and cobbler are eaten, with lemonade to wash them down

2006-01-01

365

Love House  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In February of 2004, the Department of Human Development/Family Studies at the University of Delaware hosted the Austrian Institute of Family Studies. Social worker Olaf Kapella and psychologist Brigitte Cizek presented their LoveTalks workshop which is a model for the community supported sex education program in Austria. The workshop leaders were…

Miller, Maryellen B.; Cizek, Brigitte

2006-01-01

366

Privatized Housing Moves On-Campus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the financial strengths universities possess that can help them provide privatized on-campus housing that benefits the school and students while allowing a profit to the developer. Georgia's success in establishing a financial structure to develop apartment-style student housing that would allow no recourse against the state or affect…

Fickes, Michael

1999-01-01

367

Housing Allowances and Existing Housing Regulations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is concerned with the potential interaction between Direct Cash Assistance for Housing (DCA) and the State and local regulation of the supply of housing services. It considers how the design of DCA might take existing State and local regulatio...

M. L. Isler R. E. Agus

1975-01-01

368

Housing characteristics and their influence on health-related quality of life in persons living with HIV in Ontario, Canada: results from the positive spaces, healthy places study.  

PubMed

Although lack of housing is linked with adverse health outcomes, little is known about the impacts of the qualitative aspects of housing on health. This study examined the association between structural elements of housing, housing affordability, housing satisfaction and health-related quality of life over a 1-year period. Participants were 509 individuals living with HIV in Ontario, Canada. Regression analyses were conducted to examine relationships between housing variables and physical and mental health-related quality of life. We found significant cross-sectional associations between housing and neighborhood variables-including place of residence, housing affordability, housing stability, and satisfaction with material, meaningful and spatial dimensions of housing-and both physical and mental health-related quality of life. Our analyses also revealed longitudinal associations between housing and neighborhood variables and health-related quality of life. Interventions that enhance housing affordability and housing satisfaction may help improve health-related quality of life of people living with HIV. PMID:22903401

Rourke, Sean B; Bekele, Tsegaye; Tucker, Ruthann; Greene, Saara; Sobota, Michael; Koornstra, Jay; Monette, LaVerne; Bacon, Jean; Bhuiyan, Shafi; Rueda, Sergio; Watson, James; Hwang, Stephen W; Dunn, James; Hambly, Keith

2012-11-01

369

Affordable software design for an open systems hardware architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

With shrinking defense budgets, creating affordable software without decreasing performance is quickly becoming a requirement for obtaining new government contracts. Minimizing life cycle cost (LCC) becomes a key goal in achieving affordability. In a modern world with technology advances occurring at an exponential rate, it is becoming increasingly more difficult to design an embedded system architecture that can withstand significant

J. P. Janzer; R. N. Ladage

1998-01-01

370

Open systems-a process for achieving affordability  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major factor that will drive the definition and design of future avionics systems is affordability. Affordability is being addressed on numerous fronts such as hardware re-use, software re-use, COTS leveraging, and reduced cycle times. Each of these thrusts provide potential cost savings along with unique challenges. What is needed is a process that integrates these initiatives while ensuring the

Chuck Roark; B. Kiczuk

1996-01-01

371

One Hand, Two Objects: Emergence of Affordance in Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies on affordances typically focus on single objects. We investigated whether affordances are modulated by the context, defined by the relation between two objects and a hand. Participants were presented with pictures displaying two manipulable objects linked by a functional (knife-butter), a spatial (knife-coffee mug), or by no relation. They…

Borghi, Anna M.; Flumini, Andrea; Natraj, Nikhilesh; Wheaton, Lewis A.

2012-01-01

372

Affordance Analysis--Matching Learning Tasks with Learning Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a design methodology for matching learning tasks with learning technologies. First a working definition of "affordances" is provided based on the need to describe the action potentials of the technologies (utility). Categories of affordances are then proposed to provide a framework for analysis. Following this, a methodology…

Bower, Matt

2008-01-01

373

What Are the Affordances of Information and Communication Technologies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines the notion that Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have affordances that epitomize the features of our late modern age (Giddens, 1991) and explores whether these affordances (Salomon, 1993, p. 51) can be used to facilitate particular approaches to educational practice. It argues that a clear articulation of these…

Conole, Grainne; Dyke, Martin

2004-01-01

374

Affordances Revisited: Articulating a Merleau-Pontian View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article takes a renewed look at the concept of "affordance." It points out that the concept is being used within the CSCL community in ways which signify an underlying disagreement concerning the exact ontological nature and epistemological status of an "affordance." Such disagreement, it is argued, is a problem for both design and empirical…

Dohn, Nina Bonderup

2009-01-01

375

Attractiveness and affordance shape tools neural coding: insight from ERPs.  

PubMed

The relation between attractiveness and motor affordance is a key topic in design and has not yet been investigated electrophysiologically. In this respect, action affordance and attractiveness represent two crucial dimensions in object processing (specifically for tools). In light of this evidence, Event Related Potentials (ERPs) enabled us to gain new insights into the time course of the interaction between these two dimensions during an explicit tool evaluation task. Behaviorally, tools that were judged as high affording and high attractive yielded faster response times than those judged as low affording and low attractive. The ERP results showed that early processes related to sensory gating and feature extraction (N100) were sensitive to both affordance and attractiveness; the P200 was dominated by affordance, indexing a facilitated access to motor action representation. The N300, P300 and the Late Positive Potential (LPP) showed enhanced responses for highly affording/attractive tools, reflecting the interconnection between attractiveness and affordance. Later responses were entirely affected by attractiveness, suggesting additional affective responses evoked by desirable tools. We are showing that things that are perceived as more functional and attractive have a privileged neural activation in the time course of tool evaluation, for the first time. PMID:24417862

Righi, Stefania; Orlando, Viviana; Marzi, Tessa

2014-03-01

376

Binocular vision enhances a rapidly evolving affordance priming effect: behavioural and TMS evidence.  

PubMed

Extensive research has suggested that simply viewing an object can automatically prime compatible actions for object manipulation, known as affordances. Here we explored the generation of covert motor plans afforded by real objects with precision ('pinchable') or whole-hand/power ('graspable') grip significance under different types of vision. In Experiment 1, participants viewed real object primes either monocularly or binocularly and responded to orthogonal auditory stimuli by making precision or power grips. Pinchable primes facilitated congruent precision grip responses relative to incongruent power grips, and vice versa for graspable primes, but only in the binocular vision condition. To examine the temporal evolution of the binocular affordance effect, participants in Experiment 2 always viewed the objects binocularly but made no responses, instead receiving a transcranial magnetic stimulation pulse over their primary motor cortex at three different times (150, 300, 450ms) after prime onset. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) recorded from a pinching muscle were selectively increased when subjects were primed with a pinchable object, whereas MEPs from a muscle associated with power grips were increased when viewing graspable stimuli. This interaction was obtained both 300 and 450ms (but not 150ms) after the visual onset of the prime, characterising for the first time the rapid development of binocular grip-specific affordances predicted by functional accounts of the affordance effect. PMID:24121305

Makris, Stergios; Grant, Simon; Hadar, Aviad A; Yarrow, Kielan

2013-12-01

377

Housing Management: Communications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program is centered around two news publications aimed at public relations: one for general distribution among housing residents each month, the other a quarterly ne...

1976-01-01

378

Insulator for laser housing  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member.

Duncan, David B. (Auburn, CA)

1992-01-01

379

Housing; Policy Statement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented by the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) are background information and policy statements on community housing, use of rehabilitation centers, housing for children, and housing for aged persons who are visually handicapped. Because of society's adherence to the concept of the single family home it is maintained that institutional…

American Foundation for the Blind, New York, NY.

380

House Prices and Consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

I study the consumption responses of heterogeneous households following changes in both house prices and interest rates. I show the common assumption that household period utility is separable in housing and consumption can be consistent with the observed co-movement between these two series only in the absence of housing transaction costs. When these costs are introduced into dynamic stochastic general

In Ho Song

2010-01-01

381

The Tarascan Indian House.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson plan introduces K-grade three students to Mexican Indian architecture. Students will become familiar with the cultural context of the Indian treasure house; discuss the use of wood as the sole building material; compare the treasure house with present day structures; and create miniature treasure houses using wood materials. (GEA)

Quinn, Joyce

1989-01-01

382

WyCoalGas development feasibility study: site evaluations. Final technical report, November 1980-May 1982. [Proposed WyCoalGas project; Converse County, Wyoming; employee housing possibilities  

SciTech Connect

The report provides a preliminary assessment of the land development opportunities available to WyCoalGas, Inc. which arise as a consequence of the construction of its proposed Coal Gasification Facility near Douglas, Wyoming. Present thinking indicates that the facility's construction labor force will peak at approximately 3400 workers and permanent work force at approximately 1000 workers, an influx of personnel which will generate significant demands for housing and related support services within Converse County. As part of the permitting process a number of studies are being prepared which identify the environmental and socioeconomic impacts likely to occur as a consequence of the development. The purpose of the following analysis is to recognize that these probable impacts - and the steps necessary to mitigate them - constitute important real estate investment opportunities for WyCoalGas, Inc. In effect, the successful planning and management of these forces represents, at a minimum, the possibility for reduction of total investment costs for the facility; at a maximum, the opportunity for the generation of significant profits from a well-conceived land development program. Several sites are considered from the point of view of planning, ease of development, acquisition possibilities, etc.

Not Available

1981-10-01

383

Evaluation of Alternative Housing Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper evaluates six housing programs: two supply-subsidy programs (cost reduction and public housing), two recent-regulation programs (Section 8 existing, housing assistance and rent control), and two demand-subsidy programs (housing allowances and u...

C. P. Rydell

1983-01-01

384

Village of Baldwinsville. Housing Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents an overview of the housing need in the village of Baldwinsville, based on current demographic data. General population, economic and housing characteristics are analyzed as they relate to housing need. The particular housing needs of t...

1973-01-01

385

Affording Explicit-Reflective Science Teaching by Using an Educative Teachers’ Guide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although researchers have achieved some success in effective nature of science (NOS) teaching, helping teachers teach NOS continues to be a great challenge. The development of an educative teachers’ guide would provide support for NOS teaching. In this study, we explored the effects that a research-based guide had on affording elementary school teachers’ NOS teaching and on improving their students’

Shu-Fen Lin; Sang-Chong Lieu; Sufen Chen; Mao-Tsai Huang; Wen-Hua Chang

2012-01-01

386

Affordances in outdoor environments and children's physically active play in pre?school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to quantitatively and qualitatively explore children's physically active play outdoors in a traditional playground and natural (nature) environment and discuss how these environments influence children's physical activity. Fjørtoft has previously explored the relationship between environmental affordances and children's play and development. She suggests that environmental complexity and diversity in nature are highly associated with

Rune Storli; Trond Løge Hagen

2010-01-01

387

Trends in Health Care Cost Growth And The Role of the Affordable Care Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was passed against a backdrop of decades of rapid growth in health care spending in the United States. While much of this historical increase reflects the development of new treatments that have greatly improved health and we...

2013-01-01

388

Modelling Agent-Environment Interaction in Multi-Agent Simulations with Affordances.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computational model of agent-environment interaction is presented that has been inspired by the theory of affordances from ecological psychology. The model is developed in the context of agent-environment interaction in multi- agent simulation in a virt...

M. Papasimeon

2010-01-01

389

Affording Explicit-Reflective Science Teaching by Using an Educative Teachers' Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although researchers have achieved some success in effective nature of science (NOS) teaching, helping teachers teach NOS continues to be a great challenge. The development of an educative teachers' guide would provide support for NOS teaching. In this study, we explored the effects that a research-based guide had on affording elementary school…

Lin, Shu-Fen; Lieu, Sang-Chong; Chen, Sufen; Huang, Mao-Tsai; Chang, Wen-Hua

2012-01-01

390

The Affordable Care Act and the Triple Solution for a Healthier America.  

PubMed

GlaxoSmithKline promotes improvement in the health of Americans through the Triple Solution for a Healthier America, which focuses on prevention, intervention, and innovation. The Affordable Care Act includes provisions that embody the Triple Solution and provides unprecedented funding to further develop comparative effectiveness research, health information technology, and quality standards. PMID:21678698

Hartsfield, J Andrew; Hetherington, Jean

2011-01-01

391

Anonymous HIV workplace surveys as an advocacy tool for affordable private health insurance in Namibia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: With an estimated adult HIV prevalence of 15%, Namibia is in need of innovative health financing strategies that can alleviate the burden on the public sector. Affordable and private health insurances were recently developed in Namibia, and they include coverage for HIV\\/AIDS. This article reports on the efficacy of HIV workplace surveys as a tool to increase uptake of

Ingrid de Beer; Hannah M Coutinho; Peter J van Wyk; Esegiel Gaeb; Tobias Rinke de Wit; Michèle van Vugt

2009-01-01

392

Understanding Enactivism: A Study of Affordances and Constraints of Engaging Practicing Teachers as Digital Game Designers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is intended to deepen our understanding of enactivism, an emergent theoretical paradigm, through empirical exploration of teacher undertakings as digital game creators. Specifically, it explores the affordances and constraints, two important enactivism concepts, of practicing teachers' experiences in designing and developing games for…

Li, Qing

2012-01-01

393

We all want it, but we don't know what it is: toward a standard of affordability for health insurance premiums.  

PubMed

The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (P.L. 111-148), or ACA, requires that U.S. citizens either purchase health insurance or pay a fine. To offset the financial burden for lower-income households, it also provides subsidies to ensure that health insurance premiums are affordable. However, relatively little work has been done on how such affordability standards should be set. The existing literature on affordability is not grounded in social norms and has methodological and theoretical flaws. To address these issues, we developed a series of hypothetical vignettes in which individual and household sociodemographic characteristics were varied. We then convened a panel of eighteen experts with extensive experience in affordability standards to evaluate the extent to which each vignette character could afford to pay for one of two health insurance plans. The panel varied with respect to political ideology and discipline. We find that there was considerable disagreement about how affordability is defined. There was also disagreement about what might be included in an affordability standard, with substantive debate surrounding whether savings, debt, education, or single parenthood is relevant. There was also substantial variation in experts' assessed affordability scores. Nevertheless, median expert affordability assessments were not far from those of ACA. PMID:21785011

Muennig, Peter; Sampat, Bhaven; Tilipman, Nicholas; Brown, Lawrence D; Glied, Sherry A

2011-10-01

394

Housing Management: Public Housing Management by Private Contractor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program describes the Authority's experience of contracting with a private real estate management firm to manage low-income property. The program developed a means t...

1976-01-01

395

Housing Investment and Residential Land Supply in Japan: An Asset Market Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates Japan's housing market using an equilibrium market approach based on both theoretical and empirical perspectives. An equilibrium model of the housing market is developed by combining the consumption capital asset pricing model with the supply functions of housing and residential land as determined by the housing industry. To verify the model's results, the Japanese housing market is

Tsunao Okumura

1997-01-01

396

Energy demand management and study on energy information system development for establishing policy of reducing green-house gas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of energy statistics system should precede ahead of drafting rational energy saving or carbon dioxide emission policy. The energy efficiency index can be used as energy policy index by estimating the change of energy use and connecting the...

H. C. Park

1998-01-01

397

76 FR 28803 - Notice of Availability: Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for HUD's Fiscal Year (FY) 2011...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...4 Capacity Building for Community Development and Affordable Housing Grants AGENCY...4 Capacity Building for Community Development and Affordable Housing Grants. Specifically...organizations (CHDOs) to carry out community development and affordable housing activities...

2011-05-18

398

Perceiving the affordance of string tension for power strokes in badminton: expertise allows effective use of all string tensions.  

PubMed

Affordances mean opportunities for action. These affordances are important for sports performance and relevant to the abilities developed by skilled athletes. In racquet sports such as badminton, different players prefer widely different string tension because it is believed to provide opportunities for effective strokes. The current study examined whether badminton players can perceive the affordance of string tension for power strokes and whether the perception of affordance itself changed as a function of skill level. The results showed that string tension constrained the striking performance of both novice and recreational players, but not of expert players. When perceptual capability was assessed, perceptual mode did not affect perception of the optimal string tension. Skilled players successfully perceived the affordance of string tension, but only experts were concerned about saving energy. Our findings demonstrated that perception of the affordance of string tension in badminton was determined by action abilities. Furthermore, experts could adjust the action to maintain a superior level of performance based on the perception of affordance. PMID:23414453

Zhu, Qin

2013-01-01

399

24 CFR 983.101 - Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC...e) Additional PHA quality and design requirements. This section...additional requirements for quality, architecture, or design of PBV housing, and any...

2009-04-01

400

RADON REDUCTION IN A CRAWL SPACE HOUSE  

EPA Science Inventory

Radon, a naturally occurring radioactive gas, is drawn from the soil into a house when low air pressure exists in the house. This is a commonplace environmental hazard in the United States, Canada, and northern Europe. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is developing ...

401

Sustainability in Housing: A Curriculum Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the influence of environmental issues on the field of housing, from the perspective of sustainable housing. Presents a case study of the development of a college course to address these issues by integrating energy management, air quality, water quality, and waste management. (Author)

Parrott, Kathleen; Emmel, Joann M.

2001-01-01

402

Housing Reform in Kolkata: Changes and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1991 the housing sector in Kolkata has been the subject of significant reforms based on profound changes in the political economy of the State of West Bengal. The paper reviews four reform initiatives: public-private partnership, privatisation of public rental housing, development of New Towns, and the finance sector deregulation in Kolkata and discusses their relevance to the urban context

URMI SENGUPTA

2007-01-01

403

24 CFR 982.613 - Group home: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Group home: Rent and voucher housing assistance payment...CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Group Home § 982.613 Group home: Rent and voucher housing assistance...

2013-04-01

404

Fair Housing: HUD Needs Better Assurance That Intake and Investigation Processes Are Consistently Thorough.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Each year, the Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity (FHEO) and related state and local Fair Housing Assistance Program (FHAP) agencies receive and investigate several thousand complaints of housi...

2005-01-01

405

76 FR 373 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Housing Opportunities for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Housing Opportunities for Persons With AIDS (HOPWA) Program: Annual Performance...Planning and Development, Office of HIV/AIDS Housing. ACTION: Notice of proposed...David Vos, Director, Office of HIV/ AIDS Housing, U.S. Department of...

2011-01-04

406

76 FR 18572 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Admissions/Occupancy Policy AGENCY: Office of...following information: Title of Proposal: Admission to, and Occupancy of Public Housing...the low-income housing program for admission and occupancy. PHAs must develop...

2011-04-04

407

An Object Oriented Extensible Architecture for Affordable Aerospace Propulsion Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Driven by a need to explore and develop propulsion systems that exceeded current computing capabilities, NASA Glenn embarked on a novel strategy leading to the development of an architecture that enables propulsion simulations never thought possible before. Full engine 3 Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamic propulsion system simulations were deemed impossible due to the impracticality of the hardware and software computing systems required. However, with a software paradigm shift and an embracing of parallel and distributed processing, an architecture was designed to meet the needs of future propulsion system modeling. The author suggests that the architecture designed at the NASA Glenn Research Center for propulsion system modeling has potential for impacting the direction of development of affordable weapons systems currently under consideration by the Applied Vehicle Technology Panel (AVT). This paper discusses the salient features of the NPSS Architecture including its interface layer, object layer, implementation for accessing legacy codes, numerical zooming infrastructure and its computing layer. The computing layer focuses on the use and deployment of these propulsion simulations on parallel and distributed computing platforms which has been the focus of NASA Ames. Additional features of the object oriented architecture that support MultiDisciplinary (MD) Coupling, computer aided design (CAD) access and MD coupling objects will be discussed. Included will be a discussion of the successes, challenges and benefits of implementing this architecture.

Follen, Gregory J.; Lytle, John K. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

408

Affordable remote-area power supply in the Philippines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The feasibility of photovoltaic (PV) systems for electrifying remote areas of the Philippines is discussed. In particular, a technical description is given of those PV systems that are appropriate to the needs of remote, but populated, rural areas and have been developed as part of the Philippine-German Solar Energy Project. Details are provided of a financing scheme, piloted by the Project on an unelectrified island, to make PV systems affordable to rural users. An analysis is presented of the potential of large-scale applications of PV systems in developing countries such as the Philippines, and a description is provided of current efforts to promote the use of such technology. A storage battery is identified as an essential component of a PV system. As a consequence, the wide use of PV systems will have a very significant impact on the market for storage batteries in countries embarking on PV-utilization programmes. It is clear, therefore, that battery manufacturers should take an interest in future development in PV applications.

Heruela, C. S.

409

Can Consumers Make Affordable Care Affordable? The Value of Choice Architecture  

PubMed Central

Tens of millions of people are currently choosing health coverage on a state or federal health insurance exchange as part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. We examine how well people make these choices, how well they think they do, and what can be done to improve these choices. We conducted 6 experiments asking people to choose the most cost-effective policy using websites modeled on current exchanges. Our results suggest there is significant room for improvement. Without interventions, respondents perform at near chance levels and show a significant bias, overweighting out-of-pocket expenses and deductibles. Financial incentives do not improve performance, and decision-makers do not realize that they are performing poorly. However, performance can be improved quite markedly by providing calculation aids, and by choosing a “smart” default. Implementing these psychologically based principles could save purchasers of policies and taxpayers approximately 10 billion dollars every year.

Johnson, Eric J.; Hassin, Ran; Baker, Tom; Bajger, Allison T.; Treuer, Galen

2013-01-01

410

DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF MONITORING METHODS FOR POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN HOUSE DUST AND TRACK-IN SOIL  

EPA Science Inventory

The analytical methods were developed for the determination of PAH and PCBs in the dust and soil based on sonication with hexane and 10% ether/hexane, respectively, and analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). uantitative recoveries of spiked perdeuterated PAH an...

411

24 CFR 902.21 - Physical condition standards for public housing-decent, safe, and sanitary housing in good repair...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Physical condition standards for public housing-decent...DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING ASSESSMENT SYSTEM Physical Condition Indicator § 902.21 Physical condition standards for public...

2011-04-01

412

24 CFR 902.21 - Physical condition standards for public housing-decent, safe, and sanitary housing in good repair...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Physical condition standards for public housing-decent...DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING ASSESSMENT SYSTEM Physical Condition Indicator § 902.21 Physical condition standards for public...

2012-04-01

413

24 CFR 902.21 - Physical condition standards for public housing-decent, safe, and sanitary housing in good repair...  

... 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Physical condition standards for public housing-decent...DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING ASSESSMENT SYSTEM Physical Condition Indicator § 902.21 Physical condition standards for public...

2014-04-01

414

Give me shelter: the global housing crisis.  

PubMed Central

In both developed and developing countries around the world, the health of significant numbers of people is adversely affected by a lack of adequate housing. Large-scale migrations into already crowded developing nation cities compound existing health problems associated with poor indoor air quality, contaminated drinking water, and limited sanitation infrastructure. In the developed world, lead exposure, indoor air quality, and asthma are among the most serious and costly housing-related health risks.

Brown, Valerie J

2003-01-01

415

Five Essential Techologies for Next Generation, Affordable Mars Surface Missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Five essential technologies are discussed which will enable affordable future surface missions: novel EDL, 2W-class transciever, rad-hard avionics, radioisotope power systems, and low mass -high ground clearance mobility platforms.

Murbach, M. S.; Papadopoulos, P.; Guarneros-Luna, A.

2012-06-01

416

Space Station: NASA's software development approach increases safety and cost risks. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, House of Representatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology asked NASA to study software development issues for the space station. How well NASA has implemented key software engineering practices for the station was asked. Specifically, the objectives were to determine: (1) if independent verification and validation techniques are being used to ensure that critical software meets specified requirements and functions; (2) if NASA has incorporated software risk management techniques into program; (3) whether standards are in place that will prescribe a disciplined, uniform approach to software development; and (4) if software support tools will help, as intended, to maximize efficiency in developing and maintaining the software. To meet the objectives, NASA proceeded: (1) reviewing and analyzing software development objectives and strategies contained in NASA conference publications; (2) reviewing and analyzing NASA, other government, and industry guidelines for establishing good software development practices; (3) reviewing and analyzing technical proposals and contracts; (4) reviewing and analyzing software management plans, risk management plans, and program requirements; (4) reviewing and analyzing reports prepared by NASA and contractor officials that identified key issues and challenges facing the program; (5) obtaining expert opinions on what constitutes appropriate independent V-and-V and software risk management activities; (6) interviewing program officials at NASA headquarters in Washington, DC; at the Space Station Program Office in Reston, Virginia; and at the three work package centers; Johnson in Houston, Texas; Marshall in Huntsville, Alabama; and Lewis in Cleveland, Ohio; and (7) interviewing contractor officials doing work for NASA at Johnson and Marshall. The audit work was performed in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards, between April 1991 and May 1992.

1992-06-01

417

Environmental Affordances and Children in Post-conflict Belfast  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the experiences of children in post-conflict Belfast as peace and social change afford new opportunities at the same time as they regulate behaviours and spatial practices. Theoretically and empirically it draws on the concept of environmental affordances in order to map the experiences of 11-year-old children in separate inner-city segregated and middle-class communities. Whilst the recession has

Brendan Murtagh; Aisling Murphy

2011-01-01

418

Delivery of affordable and equitable cancer care in India.  

PubMed

The delivery of affordable and equitable cancer care is one of India's greatest public health challenges. Public expenditure on cancer in India remains below US$10 per person (compared with more than US$100 per person in high-income countries), and overall public expenditure on health care is still only slightly above 1% of gross domestic product. Out-of-pocket payments, which account for more than three-quarters of cancer expenditures in India, are one of the greatest threats to patients and families, and a cancer diagnosis is increasingly responsible for catastrophic expenditures that negatively affect not only the patient but also the welfare and education of several generations of their family. We explore the complex nature of cancer care systems across India, from state to government levels, and address the crucial issues of infrastructure, manpower shortages, and the pressing need to develop cross-state solutions to prevention and early detection of cancer, in addition to governance of the largely unregulated private sector and the cost of new technologies and drugs. We discuss the role of public insurance schemes, the need to develop new political mandates and authority to set priorities, the necessity to greatly improve the quality of care, and the drive to understand and deliver cost-effective cancer care programmes. PMID:24731888

Pramesh, C S; Badwe, Rajendra A; Borthakur, Bibhuti B; Chandra, Madhu; Raj, Elluswami Hemanth; Kannan, T; Kalwar, Ashok; Kapoor, Sanjay; Malhotra, Hemant; Nayak, Sukdev; Rath, Goura K; Sagar, T G; Sebastian, Paul; Sarin, Rajiv; Shanta, V; Sharma, Suresh C; Shukla, Shilin; Vijayakumar, Manavalan; Vijaykumar, D K; Aggarwal, Ajay; Purushotham, Arnie; Sullivan, Richard

2014-05-01

419

DEVELOPMENT OF AN AFFORDABLE FAMILY-SCALE BIOGAS GENERATOR  

EPA Science Inventory

From laboratory experiments we calculated that our system would have to deliver 262 liters/hr of biogas to cook a meal. Biogas produced by slurries of various wastes was measured with a two liter bench-top digester system designed by the team. Gas volume was measured by displa...

420

AFFORDABLE, SUSTAINABLE SOLAR ENERGY HEATER FOR THE DEVELOPING WORLD  

EPA Science Inventory

The proposed research project question is: ?What is an optimum, low-cost, and sustainable system for basic home water heating in underdeveloped areas of the planet?? In the United States, the availability of hot water is taken for granted. A knob is turned and hot water appea...

421

Conflict in object affordance revealed by grip force  

PubMed Central

Viewing objects can result in automatic, partial activation of motor plans associated with them—“object affordance”. Here, we recorded grip force simultaneously from both hands in an object affordance task to investigate the effects of conflict between coactivated responses. Participants classified pictures of objects by squeezing force transducers with their left or right hand. Responses were faster on trials where the object afforded an action with the same hand that was required to make the response (congruent trials) compared to the opposite hand (incongruent trials). In addition, conflict between coactivated responses was reduced if it was experienced on the preceding trial, just like Gratton adaptation effects reported in “conflict” tasks (e.g., Eriksen flanker). This finding suggests that object affordance demonstrates conflict effects similar to those shown in other stimulus–response mapping tasks and thus could be integrated into the wider conceptual framework on overlearnt stimulus–response associations. Corrected erroneous responses occurred more frequently when there was conflict between the afforded response and the response required by the task, providing direct evidence that viewing an object activates motor plans appropriate for interacting with that object. Recording continuous grip force, as here, provides a sensitive way to measure coactivated responses in affordance tasks.

McBride, Jennifer; Sumner, Petroc; Husain, Masud

2011-01-01

422

Calculating the affordability of antiretrovirals in St Lucia.  

PubMed

The cost of antiretrovirals is borne by donors in many low- and middle-income countries, including St Lucia. Although donor involvement has facilitated access to antiretrovirals, donor engagement in HIV/AIDS has changed over the years. This paper assesses the affordability of antiretrovirals at the individual level if donors were no longer available to fund the cost of first and second-line antiretrovirals and a prospective third-line regimen. Various conceptions of affordability are reviewed using different assumptions of what is required to maintain a standard of living that would avoid individuals descending into poverty as a result of antiretroviral purchases. These concepts of affordability are operationalized using data from the Household Budgeting Survey conducted in St Lucia in 2005/2006. While there is a range of results for the affordability of first and second-line antiretrovirals depending on which standard of affordability is used, third-line antiretrovirals are unaffordable to more than 80% of the population across the four standards of affordability used - the national poverty line, 50% of median annual consumption, 10% of annual consumption and a proposed reasonable minimum standard. PMID:24756598

Reddock, J R; Grignon, M

2013-01-01

423

Affordability of alcohol and alcohol-related mortality in Belarus.  

PubMed

Alcohol abuse has numerous adverse health and social consequences. The consumer response to changes in alcohol affordability is an important issue on alcohol policy debates. Studies from many countries have shown an inverse relationship between alcohol prices and alcohol consumption in the population. There are, however, suggestions that increasing the price of alcohol by rising taxes may have limited effect on alcohol-related problems, associated with long-term heavy drinking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between alcohol affordability and alcohol-related mortality rates in post-Soviet Belarus. For this purpose trends in alcohol-related mortality rates (mortality from liver cirrhosis, pancreatitis, alcoholism and alcohol psychoses) and affordability of vodka between 1990 and 2010 were compared. The time series analysis revealed that 1% increase in vodka affordability is associated with an increase in liver cirrhosis mortality of 0,77%, an increase in pancreatitis mortality of 0.53%, an increase in mortality from alcoholism and alcohol psychoses of 0,70%. The major conclusion emerging from this study is that affordability of alcohol is one of the most important predictor of alcohol-related problems in a population. These findings provide additional evidence that decreasing in affordability of alcohol is an effective strategy for reducing alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm. PMID:23748944

Razvodovsky, Yury E

2013-01-01

424

Development of a case definition for clinical feline herpesvirus infection in cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) housed in zoos.  

PubMed

The identification of feline herpesvirus (FHV) infected cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) and characterization of shedding episodes is difficult due to nonspecific clinical signs and limitations of diagnostic tests. The goals of this study were to develop a case definition for clinical FHV and describe the distribution of signs. Medical records from six different zoologic institutions were reviewed to identify cheetahs with diagnostic test results confirming FHV. Published literature, expert opinion, and results of a multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) were used to develop a clinical case definition based on 69 episodes in FHV laboratory confirmed (LC) cheetahs. Four groups of signs were identified in the MCA: general ocular signs, serious ocular lesions, respiratory disease, and cutaneous lesions. Ocular disease occurred with respiratory signs alone, with skin lesions alone, and with both respiratory signs and skin lesions. Groups that did not occur together were respiratory signs and skin lesions. The resulting case definition included 1) LC cheetahs; and 2) clinically compatible (CC) cheetahs that exhibited a minimum of 7 day's duration of the clinical sign groupings identified in the MCA or the presence of corneal ulcers or keratitis that occurred alone or in concert with other ocular signs and skin lesions. Exclusion criteria were applied. Application of the case definition to the study population identified an additional 78 clinical episodes, which represented 58 CC cheetahs. In total, 28.8% (93/322) of the population was identified as LC or CC. The distribution of identified clinical signs was similar across LC and CC cheetahs. Corneal ulcers and/or keratitis, and skin lesions were more frequently reported in severe episodes; in mild episodes, there were significantly more cheetahs with ocular-only or respiratory-only disease. Our results provide a better understanding of the clinical presentation of FHV, while presenting a standardized case definition that can both contribute to earlier diagnoses and be used for population-level studies. PMID:24063091

Witte, Carmel L; Lamberski, Nadine; Rideout, Bruce A; Fields, Victoria; Teare, Cyd Shields; Barrie, Michael; Haefele, Holly; Junge, Randall; Murray, Suzan; Hungerford, Laura L

2013-09-01

425

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, February 1, 2002, Volume 51, Number RR-1. Community Interventions to Promote Healthy Social Environments: Early Childhood Development and Family Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The sociocultural environment exerts a fundamental influence on health. Interventions to improve education, housing, employment, and access to health care contribute to healthy and safe environments and improved community health. The Task Force on Communi...

2002-01-01

426

Fairbanks House Historical Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an inner ring suburb of Boston there sits a home that is over 350 years old. The home was constructed in 1640 in Dedham, and it is considered the oldest timber frame house identified in North America. Visitors to the Boston region area shouldn't miss it, however those who are unable to visit can learn more about this remarkable domicile on this website. Visitors will find plenty of interesting information in the sections titled "The House", "History", and "The Family". In "The House" section, visitors can learn about the houses' unusual history, and view a slideshow of images of the exterior and the interior. Moving over to "History", visitors will find period photographs and documents that provide insightful stories into the house's past inhabitants. Finally, the site also has a fine archaeological blog which talks about the various work that has been done on the house and the grounds.

427

NASA Tech House  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Technology Utilization House, called Tech House, was designed and constructed at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, to demonstrate new technology that is available or will be available in the next several years and how the application of aerospace technology could help advance the homebuilding industry. Solar energy use, energy and water conservation, safety, security, and cost were major considerations in adapting the aerospace technology to the construction of Tech House.

1977-01-01

428

Optimal Portfolio Choices, House Risk Hedging and the Pricing of Forward House Transactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a utility indifference model for evaluating various prices associated with forward transactions in the\\u000a housing market, based on the equivalent principle of expected wealth utility derived from the forward and spot real estate\\u000a markets. Our model results show that forward transactions in the housing market are probably not due to house sellers’ and\\u000a buyers’ heterogeneity, but to

Gang-Zhi Fan; Ming Pu; Seow Eng Ong

2012-01-01

429

77 FR 21795 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Public Housing Agency Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5603-N-25...considered standard, high-performer, Housing Choice Voucher...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh Street SW...Department of Housing and Urban Development has submitted to OMB a...

2012-04-11

430

Longitudinal study of radiation exposure in computed tomography with an in-house developed dose monitoring system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last decades, the reduction of radiation exposure especially in diagnostic computed tomography is one of the most explored topics. In the same time, it seems challenging to quantify the long-term clinical dose reduction with regard to new hardware as well as software solutions. To overcome this challenge, we developed a Dose Monitoring System (DMS), which collects information from PACS, RIS, MPPS and structured reports. The integration of all sources overcomes the weaknesses of single systems. To gather all possible information, we integrated an optical character recognition system to extract, for example, information from the CT-dose-report. All collected data are transferred to a database for further evaluation, e.g., for calculations of effective as well as organ doses. The DMS provides a single database for tracking all essential study and patient specific information across different modality as well as different vendors. As an initial study, we longitudinally investigated the dose reduction in CT examination when employing a noise-suppressing reconstruction algorithm. For this examination type a significant long-term reduction in radiation exposure is reported, when comparing to a CT-system with standard reconstruction. In summary our DMS tool not only enables us to track radiation exposure on daily bases but further enables to analyses the long term effect of new dose saving strategies. In the future the statistical analyses of all retrospective data, which are available in a modern imaging department, will provide a unique overview of advances in reduction of radiation exposure.

Renger, Bernhard; Rummeny, Ernst J.; Noël, Peter B.

2013-03-01

431

National evaluation of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Grant Program: study methods.  

PubMed

The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) undertook an evaluation of its Lead Hazard Control Grant Program between 1994 and 1999. The Evaluation is the largest study ever done on the effectiveness of lead hazard controls implemented in residential dwellings. The Evaluation had several major objectives: determining the effectiveness of various lead hazard controls in reducing residential dust lead levels and children's blood lead levels, establishing the costs of doing lead hazard control work and factors that influence those costs, determining the rate of clearance testing failures and their causes, and identifying possible negative effects of lead hazard control work on children's blood lead levels. This paper reports the overall research design and data collection methods of the Evaluation. The large number of dwelling units enrolled in the Evaluation was possible only by the innovative partnership among HUD, the Evaluators, and the grantees. HUD and the Evaluators relied on the grantees for essentially all of the data collection. The 14 participating HUD Lead Hazard Control Grantees were responsible for implementing the lead hazard control programs in their communities and collecting the study data. This paper describes the methods for recruiting and enrolling dwellings and families, collecting environmental and housing data, interviewing participating families, and collecting data on lead hazard control work performed and its costs. The paper also describes the basic quality control and quality assurance procedures used. The principal outcome measures were lead in dust collected using wipes from floors, window sills, and window troughs and lead in blood collected from children who were 6 years old or younger at enrollment. Data collection was conducted before intervention, immediately postintervention, and 6 and 12 months postintervention. For a subset of dwellings undergoing an extended follow-up data were also collected at 24 and 36 months postintervention. This paper provides the context for subsequent reports that will describe such findings as the influence of lead hazard control work on serial dust lead levels, the influence of lead hazard control work on serial blood lead levels in children, the nature and costs of the lead hazard control work done at the dwellings, and the experience of the grantees in meeting clearance testing requirements. PMID:15910786

Galke, Warren; Clark, Scott; McLaine, Pat; Bornschein, Robert; Wilson, Jonathan; Succop, Paul; Roda, Sandy; Breysse, Jill; Jacobs, David; Grote, Joann; Menrath, William; Dixon, Sherry; Chen, Mei; Buncher, Ralph

2005-07-01

432

Housing 2020: The future of wood in U.S. dwellings  

SciTech Connect

This paper presented at the International Panel and Engineered-Wood Technology Exposition examines the effect that reduced material resources, energy conservation, manufactured dwellings, and construction techniques have had on the use of wood in the housing industry. The topics of the paper include the impact of the energy crisis, financing and affordability crisis, lumber crisis, and a forecast of what the house of the year 2020 will look like, how it will be constructed and of what material will it be constructed.

Wendt, R.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Energy Div.

1994-12-31

433

Development and Evaluation of an In-House Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for Early Diagnosis and Monitoring of Human Pythiosis  

PubMed Central

Human pythiosis is an emerging, fatal, infectious disease caused by Pythium insidiosum and occurs in both tropical and subtropical countries. Thalassemic patients, farmers, and aquatic-habitat residents are predisposed to this disease. Delayed treatment due to the long time required for isolation and identification of the causative organism, as well as the difficulty in obtaining internal organ specimens, results in high morbidity and mortality. To facilitate rapid diagnosis, an in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of immunoglobulin G antibodies against P. insidiosum was developed and evaluated for the diagnosis and monitoring of human pythiosis. Sixteen sera were collected from seven culture-proven human pythiosis cases. A total of 142 sera from thalassemic patients, from patients with other infectious diseases, and from healthy blood donors served as controls. All sera were tested in duplicate. By choosing a suitable cutoff point to maximize sensitivity and specificity, sera from pythiosis cases were all determined to be positive, whereas sera from control groups were all determined to be negative. ELISA signals from serial samples of sera taken from treated patients showed gradually declining levels of antibodies to P. insidiosum. The ELISA test was highly sensitive (100%) and specific (100%) and was useful for early diagnosis and for monitoring the treatment for pythiosis.

Krajaejun, Theerapong; Kunakorn, Mongkol; Niemhom, Sopaporn; Chongtrakool, Piriyaporn; Pracharktam, Roongnapa

2002-01-01

434

Administration of Brevibacillus laterosporus spores as a poultry feed additive to inhibit house fly development in feces: a new eco-sustainable concept.  

PubMed

The success of a microbial pesticide application against house flies developing in manure should accomplish the uniform mixing of active ingredients with this breeding medium, thus enhancing residual effects. The oral administration of the entomopathogenic bacterium Brevibacillus laterosporus to caged poultry species allows the homogeneous incorporation of its active ingredients with fly breeding media. Feces from treated broilers or hens show toxicity against exposed fly adults and larvae. Insecticidal effects are concentration-dependent with a lethal median concentration (LC50) value of 1.34 × 10(8) and 0.61 × 10(8) spores/g of feces for adults and larvae, respectively. Manure toxicity against flies was maintained as long as chickens were fed a diet containing adequate concentrations of B. laterosporus spores. Toxicity significantly decreased after spore administration to birds was interrupted. When poultry diet contained 10(10) spores/g, mortality of flies reared on feces exceeded 80%. The use of B. lateroporus spores as a feed additive in poultry production systems fostering a more integrated approach to farming is discussed. PMID:24604843

Ruiu, L; Satta, A; Floris, I

2014-03-01

435

Ground Processing Affordability for Space Vehicles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Launch vehicles and most of their payloads spend the majority of their time on the ground. The cost of ground operations is very high. So, why so often is so little attention given to ground processing during development. The current global space industry...

J. Ingalls R. Scott

2011-01-01

436

The Affordable Care Act: implications for cardiothoracic surgery.  

PubMed

The Affordable Care Act legislation that was passed by the US Congress and signed into law by President Obama on March 23, 2010 is having a substantial effect throughout all of health care in the United States. Cardiothoracic surgeons, as hospital-based procedural specialists, bring unique assets and certain important liabilities into this massive restructuring of our health care delivery system. This article highlights how each of the 10 titles in the Obamacare legislation might affect our specialty; its collaborative relationship with our cardiovascular, medical specialty, and primary care colleagues; and our clinical practice roles and responsibilities in accountable care organizations and primary care medical homes. This article also addresses the unique assets in clinical data in medicine and quality improvement demonstrated by our specialty that have been used to help shape the current and future landscape. Finally, key resources are identified to allow the cardiothoracic community to monitor the ongoing progress of Obamacare as implementation begins. Keeping abreast of these rapidly changing developments will be an important role for our specialty societies and for practitioners alike going forward. PMID:24673956

Ferguson, T Bruce; Babb, Joseph A

2013-01-01

437

78 FR 39493 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Exchange Functions: Eligibility for Exemptions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and 156 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Exchange Functions: Eligibility...0938-AR68 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Exchange Functions: Eligibility...insurance market reforms, the Affordable Care Act requires a nonexempt individual...

2013-07-01

438

78 FR 33233 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Establishment of Exchanges and Qualified Health Plans...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Exchange Establishment final rule, titled Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Establishment...8\\ Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Establishment...Loss Ratio (MLR) Requirements Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act;...

2013-06-04

439

75 FR 77002 - Proposed Extension of Information Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment; Affordable...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment; Affordable Care Act Internal Claims and Appeals and External Review...regulations under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Affordable Care Act) that are discussed below. A...

2010-12-10

440

76 FR 4377 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Affordable...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review; Comment Request; Affordable Care Act Enrollment Opportunity Notice...request (ICR) titled, ``Affordable Care Act Enrollment Opportunity Notice...the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act requires group health...

2011-01-25

441

78 FR 79619 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange, Premium Stabilization...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...0938-AR74 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange...Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange...Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity:...

2013-12-31

442

76 FR 11283 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Affordable...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review; Comment Request; Affordable Care Act Internal Claims and Appeals...request (ICR) titled, ``Affordable Care Act Internal Claims and Appeals...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Affordable Care Act added Public Health...

2011-03-01

443

The Palisades: An Interdisciplinary Wellness Model in Senior Housing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The conceptual model and implementation strategies for a university-private housing collaboration in a multilevel housing campus for older adults are described. The faculty and private developers viewed senior housing as an opportunity for people to downsize their space in order to "upsize" their lives within a community rich with…

Silva-Smith, Amy L.; Feliciano, Leilani; Kluge, Mary Ann; Yochim, Brian P.; Anderson, Lindsay N.; Hiroto, Kimberly E.; Qualls, Sara H.

2011-01-01

444

Writing the "Little House": The Architecture of a Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laura Ingalls Wilder's Little House series of novels tells the story of her life through narratives developed around housing; male traditions of buying and building; and female traditions of furnishing, housekeeping, and preservation of culture. Wilder made Great Plains houses a central metaphor of U.S. culture. (KS)

Romines, Ann

1994-01-01

445

Issue Papers on Demographic Trends Important to Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development has commissioned three papers on demographic trends important to housing in order to better understand how these trends will shape both housing demand and supply over the coming decades: 'Issue Paper on...

2003-01-01

446

Trends and affordability of cigarette prices: ample room for tax increases and related health gains  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To compare cigarette price data from more than 80 countries using varying methods, examine trends in prices and affordability during the 1990s, and explore various policy implications pertaining to tobacco prices. Design: March 2001 cigarette price data from the Economist Intelligence Unit are used to compare cigarette prices across countries. To facilitate comparison and to assess affordability, prices are presented in US dollars, purchasing power parity (PPP) units using the Big Mac index as an indicator of PPP and in terms of minutes of labour required to purchase a pack of cigarettes. Annual real percentage changes in cigarette prices between 1990 and 2000 and annual changes in the minutes of labour required to buy cigarettes between 1991 and 2000 are also calculated to examine trends. Results: Cigarette prices tend to be higher in wealthier countries and in countries that have strong tobacco control programmes. On the other hand, minutes of labour required to purchase cigarettes vary vastly between countries. Trends between 1990 and 2000 in real prices and minutes of labour indicate, with some exceptions, that cigarettes have become more expensive in most developed countries but more affordable in many developing countries. However, in the UK, despite recent increases in price, cigarettes are still more affordable than they were in the 1960s. Conclusions: The results suggest that there is ample room to increase tobacco prices through taxation. In too many countries, cigarette prices have failed to keep up with increases in the general price level of goods and services, rendering them more affordable in 2000 than they were at the beginning of the decade. Opportunities to increase government revenue and improve health through reduced consumption brought about by higher prices have been overlooked in many countries.

Guindon, G; Tobin, S; Yach, D

2002-01-01

447

Affordable nacelle technologies for future turbofans  

SciTech Connect

Costs are playing an ever-increasing role in determining what the next generation of aircraft and engines will be. In addition to deciding to what extent wing/engine integration or drag-reducing laminar flow technologies can be employed, etc., the economic impact on both aircraft operation and engines launch and development costs must be evaluated. SFC or fuel burn advantages are no longer dominant to the extent they used to be and for some apparently promising technology concepts the cost disadvantages outweigh the aerodynamic advantages when both effects are transposed into aircraft direct operating costs. In addition, a simple metric has been evolved to rank different technology concepts and prioritize them in order to help determine the most deserving technologies for scarce development funds.

Smith, C.J. [General Electric Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

1996-04-01

448

Affordable nacelle technologies for future turbofans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Costs are playing an ever-increasing role in determining what the next generation of aircraft and engines will be. In addition to deciding to what extent wing\\/engine integration or drag-reducing laminar flow technologies can be employed, etc., the economic impact on both aircraft operation and engines launch and development costs must be evaluated. SFC or fuel burn advantages are no longer

C. J. Smith

1996-01-01

449

South Africa and the affordable bomb  

SciTech Connect

F.W. de Klerk`s announcement in March 1993 that South Africa has secretly developed a small nuclear arsenal, and junked it, was starting in its candor. The bedrock question is why South Africa developed and built seven fission weapons in the first place. The scientists, engineers, and policy-makers claim that weapons were never intended for military use or integration into the country`s military forces. Instead they claim that the strategy was bombs for political purposes. The strategy was designed to bring Western governments to South Africa`s aid in the event of an over-whelming attack by Soviet inspired military forces then in southern Africa. Shortly after de Klerk became president in 1989, the ordered a halt to the nuclear weapons program in anticipation of acceding to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). On July 10, 1991, South Africa became a member of the NPT. The program developing the seven nuclear weapons is discussed in some detail for various phases of the project. 13 refs.

Albright, D. [Institute for Science and International Security, Washington, DC (United States)

1994-07-01

450

In-House Energy Management Program Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

DOE facilities are required to develop a documented energy management program encompassing owned and leased facilities and vehicles and equipment. The program includes an Energy Management Plan consistent with the requirements of the DOE ten-year In-House...

1991-01-01

451

1. HOUSE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST, SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. HOUSE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST, SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE ARE IN THE BACKGROUND - Kiel Farmstead, House, East side State Route 4, one half mile south of U.S. Route 64, Mascoutah, St. Clair County, IL

452

Housing Policy and Housing Market Models - Some Dissaggregate Analyses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document discusses the following topics: Housing policy in Sweden; Interaction in a local market (The supply of housing, The demand structure, Simulation of the market processes); Disaggregated demand models (Analyses of local housing markets, Modelli...

J. R. Gustafsson P. Holm B. Harsman F. Snickars

1980-01-01

453

Are object affordances fully automatic? A case of covert attention.  

PubMed

Inspired in part by Gibson's (1979) ecological approach to perception, current neurocognitive theories of action suggest that the simple viewing of an object can automatically elicit motor programs for specific acts. However, the degree to which such affordances should be considered truly automatic is unknown. Here we explored the generation of motor plans afforded by pairs of cue objects that were viewed peripherally under different attentional states. Participants focused centrally while attending to just one of two peripheral cue objects that together had a strong significance for pinching, grasping, or both. They were instructed to ignore the objects and instead give power or precision grip responses to subsequent changes in background color. The data showed a significant interaction between type of response and type of object, indicating that object affordances are perceived even in nonfoveal vision. Critically, the generation of affordances was modulated by the locus of attention: Motor preparation was biased toward the attended object when two different categories of object appeared in the same trial, but the generation of affordances was also influenced by unattended stimuli. This finding demonstrates that object-action priming is not completely automatic, instead being constrained by processes of perceptual selection. PMID:24128366

Makris, Stergios; Hadar, Aviad A; Yarrow, Kielan

2013-10-01

454

Housing and Economic Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing is the most important component of wealth for many New Zealanders. Its location is fixed and its value is influenced by economic and other factors specific to that location. Hence when people live in owner-occupied homes their wealth is strongly associated with their local economic conditions. Housing is also a major factor in influencing migration decisions and, hence, regional

Arthur Grimes; Suzi Kerr; Andrew Aitken

2003-01-01

455

Initial Housing Element.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information contained in this document is directed toward promoting an awareness of the urgent housing and housing-related issues in the State of Maryland. Identification of specific problems and obstacles provide a basis from which a set of objectives fo...

1969-01-01

456

Multiple pump housing  

DOEpatents

A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

Donoho, II, Michael R. (Edelstein, IL); Elliott; Christopher M. (Metamora, IL)

2010-03-23

457

Colonial House - PBS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Preview the newest installment in public television's hands-on history series, following Frontier House, Manor House, and 1900 House. Set in 1628, Colonial House will be broadcast in May. At the website, there are audio and video diaries in which the twenty-eight colonists from the UK and US give accounts of their experiences learning to live in 1628. Also provided is a map of the village and essays by the experts consulted for the show to insure historical authenticity. One such piece is _A Historian Awakens 1628_, by Emerson "Tad" Baker, a specialist on the early history of Maine, which is where Colonial House was filmed. There's also a Meet the Colonists gallery with photos and 21st and 17th century biographies of the settlers, lesson plans and activities for teachers, and a Resources section, with related Web sites and books.

458

Energy Servers Deliver Clean, Affordable Power  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

K.R. Sridhar developed a fuel cell device for Ames Research Center, that could use solar power to split water into oxygen for breathing and hydrogen for fuel on Mars. Sridhar saw the potential of the technology, when reversed, to create clean energy on Earth. He founded Bloom Energy, of Sunnyvale, California, to advance the technology. Today, the Bloom Energy Server is providing cost-effective, environmentally friendly energy to a host of companies such as eBay, Google, and The Coca-Cola Company. Bloom's NASA-derived Energy Servers generate energy that is about 67-percent cleaner than a typical coal-fired power plant when using fossil fuels and 100-percent cleaner with renewable fuels.

2010-01-01

459

Essential kinematic information, athletic experience, and affordance perception for others.  

PubMed

The present study investigated the role of different types of movement in affordance perception, as well as the influence of sports experience. Perception of another actor's maximum vertical jumping height and horizontal long-jumping distance was evaluated for basketball players, soccer players, and nonplayer controls after viewing point-light representations of the actors' movements. Perceptual reports were more accurate after jumping-related movements (walking and squatting) were viewed than after nonrelated movements (standing and twisting). Vertical jump reports were more accurate than horizontal jump reports. Basketball and soccer players demonstrated higher accuracy than did controls. This research establishes that point-light displays contain essential kinematic information sufficient to support accurate affordance perception, and athletes appear better attuned to kinematic information specifying affordances for others as a result of their sports experience. PMID:24243136

Weast, Julie A; Walton, Ashley; Chandler, Braylen C; Shockley, Kevin; Riley, Michael A

2014-06-01

460

Can Low-Income Americans Afford a Healthy Diet?  

PubMed Central

Many nutritional professionals believe that all Americans, regardless of income, have access to a nutritious diet of whole grains, lean meats, and fresh vegetables and fruit. In reality, food prices pose a significant barrier for many consumers who are trying to balance good nutrition with affordability. The Thrifty Food Plan (TFP), commonly cited as a model of a healthy low-cost diet, achieves cost goals by relaxing some nutrition constraints and by disregarding the usual eating habits of the American population. Diet optimization techniques, when sensitive to cost and social norms, can help identify affordable, good tasting, nutrient-rich foods that are part of the mainstream American diet.

Drewnowski, Adam; Eichelsdoerfer, Petra

2010-01-01

461

Approach to an Affordable and Sustainable Space Transportation System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes an approach and a general procedure for creating space transportation architectural concepts that are at once affordable and sustainable. Previous papers by the authors and other members of the Space Propulsion Synergy Team (SPST) focused on a functional system breakdown structure for an architecture and definition of high-payoff design techniques with a technology integration strategy. This paper follows up by using a structured process that derives architectural solutions focused on achieving life cycle affordability and sustainability. Further, the paper includes an example concept that integrates key design techniques discussed in previous papers. !

McCleskey, Caey M.; Rhodes, R. E.; Robinson, J. W.; Henderson, E. M.

2012-01-01

462

Multiple myeloma. Houses and spouses  

SciTech Connect

Two families in which successive spouses who lived in the same house developed multiple myeloma are reported. In the first instance, a man whose first wife died of multiple myeloma remarried, and his second wife also developed myeloma. In the second family, a woman's first husband died of multiple myeloma and her second husband did too. Radiation studies of the houses and yards showed no increased radioactivity. No evidence was found for excessive exposure to chemicals or other environmental agents, for contact with other patients having similar malignancies, or for exposure to viruses or other transmissible factors. The significance of the occurrence of multiple myeloma in subsequent spouses is unknown. It is hoped that this report will stimulate research for other instances and lead to careful epidemiologic, radiologic, and virologic studies.

Kyle, R.A.; Greipp, P.R.

1983-02-15

463

Housing Lessons from Mobile Homes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the market significance of the 'mobile home'—which is in fact a factory-made dwelling that can be transported as a complete unit for permanent location on a site — the technology involved has attracted little interest from the orthodox building industry. A research and development project in America, 'Project Manufactured Housing Industry' (PMHI), suggests that such disinterest is misplaced.We invited

Arthur D. Bernhardt

1983-01-01

464

Evaluating Drug Prices, Availability, Affordability, and Price Components: Implications for Access to Drugs in Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundMalaysia's stable health care system is facing challenges with increasing medicine costs. To investigate these issues a survey was carried out to evaluate medicine prices, availability, affordability, and the structure of price components.Methods and FindingsThe methodology developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Action International (HAI) was used. Price and availability data for 48 medicines was collected from

Zaheer Ud Din Babar; Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim; Harpal Singh; Nadeem Irfan Bukahri; Andrew Creese

2007-01-01

465

Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments: A Case Study on the Creation of a New Residential Financing Model and Low-Income Resident Job Training Program, September 2011 (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This case study covers the process of successfully integrating photovoltaic (PV) systems into a low-income housing development in northeast Denver, Colorado, focusing specifically on a new financing model and job training. The Northeast Denver Housing Center (NDHC), working in cooperation with Del Norte Neighborhood Development Corporation, Groundwork Denver, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), was able to finance the PV system installations by blending private equity funding with utility rebates, federal tax credits, and public sector funding. A grant provided by the Governor's Energy Office allowed for the creation of the new financing model. In addition, the program incorporated an innovative low-income job training program and an energy conservation incentive program.

Dean, J.; Smith-Dreier, C.; Mekonnen, G.; Hawthorne, W.

2011-09-01

466

6.RP Dana's House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: The lot that Dana is buying for her new one story house is 35 yards by 50 yards. Danaâs house plans show that her house will cover 1,600 square feet of...

467

Inquiry Island: Affordances of a Multi-Agent Environment for Scientific Inquiry and Reflective Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

To develop the expertise needed for lifelong learning, we argue that students need to reify, reflect on, and improve their cognitive, social, and metacognitive processes. Introducing software advisors that incorporate models of such processes has the potential to facilitate students' sociocognitive and metacognitive development. To this end, we created Inquiry Island, which houses a community of software advisors, including an

Barbara White; John Frederiksen; Tatiana Frederiksen; Eric Eslinger; Suzy Loper; Allan Collins

468

Affordable and personalized lighting using inverse modeling and virtual sensors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) have great potential to enable personalized intelligent lighting systems while reducing building energy use by 50%-70%. As a result WSN systems are being increasingly integrated in state-ofart intelligent lighting systems. In the future these systems will enable participation of lighting loads as ancillary services. However, such systems can be expensive to install and lack the plug-and-play quality necessary for user-friendly commissioning. In this paper we present an integrated system of wireless sensor platforms and modeling software to enable affordable and user-friendly intelligent lighting. It requires ? 60% fewer sensor deployments compared to current commercial systems. Reduction in sensor deployments has been achieved by optimally replacing the actual photo-sensors with real-time discrete predictive inverse models. Spatially sparse and clustered sub-hourly photo-sensor data captured by the WSN platforms are used to develop and validate a piece-wise linear regression of indoor light distribution. This deterministic data-driven model accounts for sky conditions and solar position. The optimal placement of photo-sensors is performed iteratively to achieve the best predictability of the light field desired for indoor lighting control. Using two weeks of daylight and artificial light training data acquired at the Sustainability Base at NASA Ames, the model was able to predict the light level at seven monitored workstations with 80%-95% accuracy. We estimate that 10% adoption of this intelligent wireless sensor system in commercial buildings could save 0.2-0.25 quads BTU of energy nationwide.

Basu, Chandrayee; Chen, Benjamin; Richards, Jacob; Dhinakaran, Aparna; Agogino, Alice; Martin, Rodney

2014-03-01

469

Tomorrow's house: solar housing in 1940s America.  

PubMed

In the years surrounding World War II, solar house heating was seen by many American architects, journal editors, and policymakers as a necessary component of the expansion into suburbia. As the technological and financial aspects of home ownership came to take on broad social implications, design strategies of architectural modernism--including the expansive use of glass, the open plan and façade, and the flexible roof line--were seen as a means to construct suburbs that were responsive to anticipated concerns over materials allocations, over energy-resource scarcity, and over the economic challenges to postwar growth. As this article demonstrates, experiments in passive solar house design were a prominent means for envisioning the suburbs as an opportunity for new kinds of building and new ways of living. The article documents these developments and places them in the context of related efforts to think about the future. PMID:24988793

Barber, Daniel A

2014-01-01

470

DESARROLLO DE LA MOSCA DOMÉSTICA (Musca domestica L.) (DÍPTERA: MUSCIDAE) EN DISTINTOS TIPOS DE ESTIÉRCOL House fly (Musca domestica L.) (Diptera: Muscidae) development on different manure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Animal production units with different management systems can be found along the Huasco Valley, Region of Atacama, Chile. These constitute sources of house fly (Musca domestica L.), and other vector fly species, which cause damage to animals and nuisance problems in urban areas. In order to asses the importance of flies breeding sources, an essay was carried out on laboratory

2007-01-01

471

Affordances of Spreadsheets In Mathematical Investigation: Potentialities For Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article, is concerned with the ways learning is shaped when mathematics problems are investigated in spreadsheet environments. It considers how the opportunities and constraints the digital media affords influenced the decisions the students made, and the direction of their enquiry pathway. How might the learning trajectory unfold, and the learning process and mathematical understanding emerge? Will the spreadsheet, as

Nigel Calder

2009-01-01

472

A Review of Literature in Mobile Learning: Affordances and Constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile learning, sometimes referred to as `m-learning' or `handheld learning,' has become a new focus for technical issues as well as pedagogical issues for instructional technology. This paper reviews literature that deals with the definition of mobile learning, distinguishing it from traditional e-learning. It also reviews the affordances and constraints of mobile learning, and addresses how mobile learning is being

Gregg Orr

2010-01-01

473

Affordable phased array for ship self-defense engagement radar  

Microsoft Academic Search

An affordable phased array approach for a ship self-defense experimental engagement radar is described. The array uses a hybrid approach by combining a slotted waveguide array with phase shifters to scan the beam in the azimuth plane and a Radant lens placed in front of the slotted array to scan the beam in the elevation plane. The proposed approach avoids

J. B. L. Rao; G. V. Trunk; J. C. Sureau

1996-01-01

474

Affordable phased array for ship self-defense engagement radar  

Microsoft Academic Search

An affordable phased array approach for a ship self defense experimental engagement radar is described. The array uses a hybrid approach by combining a slotted waveguide array with phase shifters to scan the beam in the azimuth plane and a radant lens placed in front of the slotted array to scan the beam in the elevation plane. The proposed approach

J. B. L. Rao; G. V. Trunk; J. C. Sureau

1996-01-01

475

Material Affordances: The Potential of Scrapbooks in the Composition Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiliteracies pedagogy has renewed our interest in materiality, or how the physical text interacts with the author's choices and the context to contribute to the message, yet little attention has been paid to materiality in analog texts, such as the scrapbook, even though this medium contains affordances (capabilities and limitations) that…

Alexander, Kara Poe

2013-01-01

476

An Affordable Augmented Reality Based Rehabilitation System for Hand Motions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Repetitive practices can facilitate the rehabilitation of the motor functions of the upper extremity for stroke survivors whose motor functions have been impaired. An affordable rehabilitation system for hand motion would be useful to provide intensive training to the patients. Augmented Reality (AR) can provide an intuitive interface to the users with programmable environment and realism feelings. In this research,

D. Zhang; Y. Shen; S. K. Ong; A. Y. C. Nee

2010-01-01

477

The affordable application of formal methods to software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research paper is to examine (1) why formal methods are required for software systems today; (2) the Praxis High Integrity Systems' Correctness-by-Construction methodology; and (3) an affordable application of a formal methods methodology to software engineering. The cultivated research for this paper included literature reviews of documents found across the Internet and in publications as well

James F. Davis

2005-01-01

478

Music composition lessons: the multimodal affordances of technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the multimodal affordances presented by music software and how it can provide new opportunities for students to engage with composition work in the classroom. It seeks to broaden the scope of current research into classroom composition using technology, through a study of students' environments and compositional processes as seen from these new perspectives. The authors suggest that

Marina Gall; Nick Breeze

2005-01-01

479

Music Composition Lessons: The Multimodal Affordances of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the multimodal affordances presented by music software and how it can provide new opportunities for students to engage with composition work in the classroom. It seeks to broaden the scope of current research into classroom composition using technology, through a study of students' environments and compositional processes…

Gall, Marina; Breeze, Nick

2005-01-01

480

Community College Access and Affordability for Occupational and Nontraditional Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine what types of initiatives exist to increase access to and affordability of postsecondary education, especially in community college programs that lead to occupational advancement. We reviewed community college agency and state legislative Web sites to discover what initiatives or policies are currently…

Castellano, Marisa; Overman, Laura T.

2009-01-01

481

AFFORDANCES FOR INTERACTION: THE SOCIAL IS MATERIAL FOR DESIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I explore an ecological approach to social interaction, using the concept of affordances to describe material properties of the environment that affect how people interact. My examples come mainly from the design of technologies that support collaboration. The physical properties of paper and electronic media—for instance electronic mail or video communication system—affects how they can be used

William W. Gaver

1996-01-01

482

Social affordances: is the mirror neuron system involved?  

PubMed

We question the idea that the mirror neuron system is the substrate of social affordances perception, and we suggest that most of the activity seen in the parietal and premotor cortex of the human brain is independent of mirroring activity as characterized in macaques, but rather reflects a process of one's own action specification in response to social signals. PMID:23883746

Dezecache, Guillaume; Conty, Laurence; Grèzes, Julie

2013-08-01

483

Learning through work: workplace affordances and individual engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identifies factors that shape how learning proceeds in workplaces. Focuses on the dual bases of how workplaces afford opportunities for learning and how individuals elect to engage in work activities and with the guidance provided by the workplace. Together, these dual bases for participation (co-participation) at work, and the relations between them, are central to understanding the kinds of learning

Stephen Billett

2001-01-01

484

An affordance-based framework for CVE evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that a conceptual framework is required to support the practical evaluation of collaborative virtual environments. We propose such a framework based on an extended, three level concept of affordance. The application of the framework is illustrated by way of a case study. We conclude with some reflection on the framework's effectiveness and identify areas where further tools or

Phil Turner; Susan Turner

2002-01-01

485

Federal Home Visiting under the Affordable Care Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) Program is part of The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and provides $1.5 billion over 5 years to states, territories, and tribes with the goal of delivering evidence-based home visiting services as part of a high-quality, comprehensive early childhood system that promotes…

Strader, Kathleen; Counts, Jacqueline; Filene, Jill

2013-01-01

486

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in a nutshell.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is comprehensive reform and by virtue of its comprehensiveness can be cumbersome to read and understand. This short piece is a succinct and irreverent glance at PPACA. The piece starts with a question and ends with the same question: Will PPACA break the iron triangle? PMID:23206644

Mehta, Neerav; Jha, Saurabh

2012-12-01

487

Technology Affordances for Intersubjective Learning: A Thematic Agenda for CSCL  

Microsoft Academic Search

After a brief survey of epistemologies of collaborative learning and forms of computer support for that learning, the study of technology affordances for intersubjective learning is proposed as a thematic agenda for CSCL. A fusion of experimental, ethnomethodological and design methodologies is proposed in support of this agenda. A working definition of intersubjective learning as joint composition of interpretations of

Daniel D. Suthers

2005-01-01

488

Affordances for Second Language Learning in "World of Warcraft"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the affordances of online gaming environments for second language learning and socialization? To answer this question, this qualitative study examines two college-age Spanish learners' experiences participating in the Spanish language version of the massively multi-player online game "World of Warcraft." Using data culled from participant…

Rama, Paul S.; Black, Rebecca W.; van Es, Elizabeth; Warschauer, Mark

2012-01-01

489

Can Canadian Seniors on Public Pensions Afford a Nutritious Diet?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether Canada's public pensions (Old Age Security and Canada Pension Plan) provided adequate income for seniors living in Nova Scotia in 2005 to afford a basic nutritious diet. Monthly incomes were compared to essential monthly expenses for four household scenarios: (a) married couple, 80 years and 78 years, in urban Nova…

Green, Rebecca J.; Williams, Patricia L.; Johnson, C. Shanthi; Blum, Ilya

2008-01-01

490

Formal affordance-based models of computer virus reproduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel classification of computer viruses using a for- malised notion of reproductive models based on Gibson's theory of affordances. A computer virus reproduction model consists of: a la- belled transition system to represent the states and actions involved in that virus's reproduction; a notion of entities that are active in the reproductive process, and are present in

Matt Webster; Grant Malcolm

2008-01-01