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1

Affordable housing  

SciTech Connect

This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

Not Available

1989-01-01

2

Development of Basic Housing Systems for Maximum Affordability  

SciTech Connect

The ability to provide safe, habitable, comfortable housing for very low income residents within the target budget of $10,000 presents unique design and construction challenges. However, a number of preliminary conclusions have been inferred as being important concepts relative to the study of affordable housing. The term affordable housing can have many meanings and research is needed to define this explicitly. As it is most often used, affordable housing refers to an economic relationship between the price of housing, household income and current interest rates available from a lending institution. There is no direct relationship between architectural style, construction technology or user needs and the concept of affordability. For any home to be affordable, the home owner must balance the combination of housing needs and desires within the limits of an actual budget. There are many misconceptions that affordable housing must be defined as housing for those who cannot afford the free-market price. The concept of affordable housing must also include a component that recognizes the quality of the housing as an important element of the design and construction. In addition, responses to local climate impacts are necessary and are always part of a regional expression of architectural design. By using careful planning and design it may be possible to construct a limited dwelling unit today for a sum of approximately $10,000. Since the organization of the construction process must involve the owner/occupants as well as other volunteers, the project must not only be well conceived, but well developed and coordinated.

Aglan, H.; Gibbons, A.; McQueen, T.M.; Morris, C.; Raines, J.; Wendt, R.L.

1999-04-19

3

Municipal strategies for affordable housing : incenting an exacting public goods from private developers  

E-print Network

This thesis studies the next generation of municipal housing policy by asking, "How can cities effectively use the private-sector to promote affordable housing development?" In response, it looks at an array of public-sector ...

Goldstein, Ari Alowan

2007-01-01

4

Developing affordable housing design for low income in Sana'a, Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Housing costs are very high in Yemen compared with Middle East countries, which caused a shortage of housing supply especially for low-income groups. This paper aims to develop affordable housing design for people with low income and to examine their ability to afford houses in Sana'a, Yemen. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Two different questionnaires were used to achieve the study

Wael Alaghbari; Azizah Salim; Kamariah Dola; Abang Abdullah Abang Ali

2011-01-01

5

Housing Affordability and Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the 1999-2005 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), this paper examines the effect of housing affordability on self-reportedhealth. Unaffordable housing costs can impose additional stress and anxiety on individuals, which in turn, may cause poorer health. Also, due to the budget constraint, higher housing costs imply that fewer resources could be spent toward better medical care,

Irina Grafova

2010-01-01

6

The community-based partnership approach for affordable housing development : a case in Shenzhen, China  

E-print Network

Affordable housing has been a crucial urban issue in China. Given its fast-paced urbanization process, China is experiencing a dramatic increase in the demand for affordable housing. At the same time, the affordable housing ...

Zhao, Feifei

2009-01-01

7

Energy efficient affordable housing. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In 1994, the Southface Energy Institute, working with support from US DOE, initiated a program to provide technical assistance to nonprofit organizations developing affordable housing in the Olympic target communities of Atlanta. The specific project goals were: Identify the barriers that nonprofit affordable housing providers face in increasing the energy and resource efficiency of affordable housing; Assist them in developing the resources to overcome these barriers; Develop specific technical materials and program models that will enable these affordable housing groups to continue to improve the energy efficiency of their programs; and, To transfer the program materials to other affordable housing providers. This report summarizes the progress made in each of these areas.

NONE

1995-07-01

8

The entrepreneurial state : New York's Urban Development Corporation, an experiment to take charge of affordable housing production, 1968-1975  

E-print Network

A federal-local partnership supports the creation of most new affordable housing in the United States. Washington's subsidies, which fund housing construction, vouchers, and tax credits, are paired with local development ...

Freemark, Yonah (Yonah Slifkin)

2013-01-01

9

New housing in old Chinatown : barriers and incentives to affordable housing development  

E-print Network

In the 1970s and 80s, the rapid development of San Francisco's Financial District encroached upon Chinatown's intimately-scaled neighborhood. Developers took whole city blocks that housed low-income immigrants to build the ...

Tan, Bryant

2008-01-01

10

A new affordable housing model in China : a case-based examination of a private developer's role  

E-print Network

This thesis examines the motivations behind Wanhuilou, the first affordable housing development to be initiated, constructed, and subsidized by a private developer--China Vanke. This case presents a pioneering firm and a ...

Stuchell, Claudine C. (Claudine Cecile)

2008-01-01

11

Beyond NIMBY and poverty deconcentration: reframing the outcomes of affordable rental housing development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policies and research around affordable rental housing remain stuck between the “rock” of not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) fears and the “hard place” of deconcentrating poverty goals, leading to fragmented outcome measurement in contemporary project-based affordable rental housing programs. This article compares the motivations and results of existing research focused on NIMBY concerns around place to that of programs that promote the deconcentration

Corianne Payton Scally; Richard Koenig

2012-01-01

12

Community opposition to affordable housing : jamming the system  

E-print Network

This thesis explores community opposition to affordable housing in the suburban communities of Massachusetts. In the twenty years since Chapter 774 was enacted, a significant amount of affordable housing has been developed. ...

Dash, Stuart David

1989-01-01

13

24 CFR 1000.102 - What are eligible affordable housing activities?  

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.102 What are eligible affordable housing...

2014-04-01

14

Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 4. Converting  

E-print Network

rehabilitation, but not without raising prices. All new development should include affordable housing, especiallyVacant Owner Renter White Hispanic Other African American Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Population: 363,963 (12.6% of city), grew 1.5% Housing Stock: Multifamily, new homeowners Racial

Illinois at Chicago, University of

15

Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 7. Bursting  

E-print Network

prices up. Non-profit affordable housing develop- ment should be increased in these areas to provideVacant Owner Renter White Hispanic Other African American Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago'Hare, Portage Park, South Lawndale, West Ridge Defining Criteria: Population outpacing housing = overcrowding

Illinois at Chicago, University of

16

Extending the physical and cultural boundaries of affordable housing : a reconfiguration of the Franklin Field Public Housing Development  

E-print Network

Public housing is in a state of revision. Changes in attitude and approach to housing low-income people, evident in housing reform, are challenging the standard which public housing has come to represent. After years of ...

Makuku, Owiso A. (Owiso Atsali), 1968-

1999-01-01

17

78 FR 41074 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Innovation in Affordable Housing Design Student...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Innovation in Affordable Housing Design Student Competition AGENCY: Office...Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street SW., Room 4176, Washington, DC...Innovation in Affordable Housing Design Student Competition. OMB...

2013-07-09

18

Section 8: Affordable Housing for Exceptional Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shelter is a basic human need. Unfortunately, affordable housing is a need that low income families who are caring for children and adults with disabilities can rarely afford without assistance. Because participating families generally pay rent of no more than 30 percent of their adjusted monthly income, the Section 8 program can provide…

Wright, Wesley E.

2009-01-01

19

Affordable housing: Reducing the energy cost burden  

SciTech Connect

Residential energy expenditures are a key determinant of housing affordability, particularly for lower Income households. For years, federal, state and local governments and agencies have sought to defray energy expenses and Increase residential energy efficiency for low Income households through legislative and regulatory actions and programs. Nevertheless, household energy costs continue to place a major burden on lower Income families. This issue paper was written to help formulate national energy policy by providing the United States Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) with Information to help define the affordable housing issue; Identify major drivers, key factors, and primary stakeholders shaping the affordable housing issue; and review how responding to this Issue may impact EE`s goals and objectives and Influence the strategic direction of the office. Typically, housing affordability is an Issue associated with lower income households. This issue paper adopts this perspective, but it is important to note that reducing energy utility costs can make {open_quotes}better{close_quote} housing affordable to any household regardless of income. As energy efficiency is improved throughout all sectors of the economy, special consideration must be given to low income households. Of all households, low income households are burdened the most by residential energy costs; their residences often are the least energy-efficient and have the greatest potential for efficiency improvements, but the occupants have the fewest resources to dedicate to conservation measures. This paper begins with a definition of {open_quotes}affordability{close_quotes} as it pertains to total housing costs and summarizes several key statistics related to housing affordability and energy use by lower income households.

Lee, A.D.; Chin, R.I.; Marden, C.L.

1995-01-01

20

Affordable homeownership policy : Implications for housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. This paper aims to examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the

Sock-Yong Phang

2010-01-01

21

Affordable homeownership policy : implications for housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. In this paper, we examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the targeted sector. We use

Sock-Yong Phang

2009-01-01

22

Affordable homeownership policy: implications for housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. In this paper, we examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the targeted sector. We use

Sock Yong Phang

2009-01-01

23

77 FR 42831 - Office of Domestic Finance; Small Business, Community Development and Affordable Housing Policy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...fund that encourages lending to small businesses by...to qualified community banks and community development...billion in 281 community banks and approximately $100...encourage small business lending, the dividend or interest...SBLF funding provided to banks and thrifts is...

2012-07-20

24

77 FR 19750 - Office of Domestic Finance; Small Business, Community Development and Affordable Housing Policy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...fund that encourages lending to small businesses by...to qualified community banks and community development...billion in 281 community banks and approximately $100...encourage small business lending, the dividend or interest...SBLF funding provided to banks and thrifts is...

2012-04-02

25

Affordable Homeownership Policy: Implications for Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. This paper aims to examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government.\\u000aDesign\\/methodology\\/approach – The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the

Sock Yong PHANG-LIM

2010-01-01

26

DOE-HUD Initiative: Making Housing Affordable Through Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

A new collaborative program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is a significant step toward making HUD-aided housing more comfortable and affordable through greater energy efficiency. The initiative on Energy Efficiency in Housing combines DOE's technical capabilities and HUD's experience in housing assistance. Over the next decade, the energy savings potential of this initiative is estimated to be 150 trillion Btu (0.15 quad) per year, or nearly $1.5 billion in annual energy costs.

Not Available

1991-10-01

27

12 CFR 1807.402 - Affordable housing-homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Homeownership purchase must meet the affordability requirements of this subsection. (1) The housing must be Single-family housing. (2) The housing price does not exceed 95 percent of the median purchase price for the area as used in the...

2012-01-01

28

12 CFR 1807.402 - Affordable housing-homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Homeownership purchase must meet the affordability requirements of this subsection. (1) The housing must be Single-family housing. (2) The housing price does not exceed 95 percent of the median purchase price for the area as used in the...

2011-01-01

29

12 CFR 1807.402 - Affordable housing-homeownership.  

...Homeownership purchase must meet the affordability requirements of this subsection. (1) The housing must be Single-family housing. (2) The housing price does not exceed 95 percent of the median purchase price for the area as used in the...

2014-01-01

30

12 CFR 1807.402 - Affordable housing-homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Homeownership purchase must meet the affordability requirements of this subsection. (1) The housing must be Single-family housing. (2) The housing price does not exceed 95 percent of the median purchase price for the area as used in the...

2013-01-01

31

7 CFR 3565.352 - Preservation of affordable housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.352 Preservation of affordable housing. (a) Original purpose. During the period of...

2010-01-01

32

HOUSING AGENCIES IN SASKATOON The following agencies can assist students with affordable housing, cooperative housing, social housing,  

E-print Network

HOUSING AGENCIES IN SASKATOON The following agencies can assist students with affordable housing for seniors, families, and wheelchair disabled people of native ancestry. The SRI supports native families

Saskatchewan, University of

33

"Why Not in Our Community?": Removing Barriers to Affordable Housing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The past decade or so has been a true "comeback" era for American cities. Once proclaimed to be rather dead and lifeless, many urban centers have been reinvigorated through massive capital investments in a number of mega-projects, including huge residential and retail developments. Unfortunately, a number of people are now unable to afford to live in the cities in which they work. This latest report from the Department of Housing and Urban Development looks at the regulatory barriers that impact the availability of affordable housing around the United States. Released in February 2005, the 31-page report finds that "outdated, exclusionary and unnecessary regulations continue to block the construction or rehabilitation of affordable housing in some parts of America". Some of these specific trends in today's housing markets include complex environmental regulations, "smart growth" principles, and various impact fees that may be assessed on such developments. The report will definitely be of interest to those with an interest in housing policy in the United States and in urban policies and trends more generally.

34

78 FR 73204 - Announcement of Requirements and Registration for “Innovation in Affordable Housing Student...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [FR-5745-N-01...Research, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street SW...practitioners and experts in the fields of architecture, urban planning, affordable...

2013-12-05

35

Providing Affordable Housing: Small Communities Benefit from Upgrading Dilapidated Homes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Affordable Housing Opportunities Program (AHOP) created by the Eau Claire County Housing Authority in Wisconsin. The AHOP buys, renovates, and sells homes for prices below fair market value. This provides safe, sanitary housing for families who could not otherwise afford it. Describes the purchase, renovation, and sale of four…

Hestekin, Kay

1991-01-01

36

24 CFR 81.14 - Special Affordable Housing Goal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.14 Special Affordable Housing Goal...portfolios” includes mortgages retained by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac and mortgages utilized to back mortgage-backed...

2011-04-01

37

24 CFR 81.14 - Special Affordable Housing Goal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.14 Special Affordable Housing Goal...portfolios” includes mortgages retained by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac and mortgages utilized to back mortgage-backed...

2012-04-01

38

24 CFR 81.14 - Special Affordable Housing Goal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.14 Special Affordable Housing Goal...portfolios” includes mortgages retained by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac and mortgages utilized to back mortgage-backed...

2013-04-01

39

The development and function of an affordable housing production ecosystem : Harlem, Hew York in the late 1990s and early 2000s  

E-print Network

In late 1990s and early 2000s Harlem, an affordable housing production "ecosystem" comprised of elected officials, city planners, civic advocates, builders, and financial institutions at the local, state, and national level ...

Dookchitra, Ben

2007-01-01

40

SUMMER 2010 OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation,  

E-print Network

. Housing prices have dropped, a bit, since the Silicon Valley boom. The average two-bedroom apartmentSUMMER 2010 Cheap Living... OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation, Food, and Fun-3108 San Francisco #12;San Francisco Table of Contents Housing 2 Transportation 7 Food 9 Entertainment 15

Wolfe, Patrick J.

41

Chamberlain Heights Redevelopment: A Large Scale, Cold Climate Study of Affordable Housing Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

The City of Meriden Housing Authority (MHA) collaborated with affordable housing developer Jonathon Rose Companies (JRC) to complete a gut renovation of 124 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project. The affordable housing community is made up of 36 buildings in duplex and quad configurations located on 22 acres within two miles of downtown Meriden, CT. The final post-retrofit analysis showed 40-45% source energy savings over the existing pre-retrofit conditions.

Donnelly, K.; Mahle, M.

2012-03-01

42

SUMMER 2010 OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation,  

E-print Network

SUMMER 2010 Cheap Living... OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation, Food, and Fun-3108 Chicago #12;Chicago Table of Contents Housing 2 Transportation 6 Food 8 Entertainment 16 Online Resource Lincoln Park, it contains a wealth of clubs, coffee shops, and boutiques, but the rents are somewhat

Wolfe, Patrick J.

43

The implications of mortgage finance on housing market affordability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The downturn in the residential housing market in Northern Ireland (NI) has been the most pronounced of any UK region, with house prices contracting circa 40 per cent between 2007Q3 and 2009Q4. The downturn at first glance appears to have increased the “ability to afford” however this is nonetheless a “false dawn”. Significant deposit levels coupled with a

Michael McCord; Stanley McGreal; Jim Berry; Martin Haran; Peadar Davis

2011-01-01

44

Social housing in Latin America: Opportunities for affordability in a region of housing need  

Microsoft Academic Search

In advanced capitalistcountries, the term ‘social housing’ normallyrefers to social rented housing, and itsprovision can be examined within the context ofthe type of housing welfare regime that hasevolved within the country under consideration.However, in large parts of Latin America –because of minimal affordability and limitedinvestment – ‘social housing’ is very much amarginalised tenure and – apart from a smallsocial-rented sector

Paul N. Balchin; Jill Stewart

2001-01-01

45

Affordable Energy-Efficient New Housing Solutions  

SciTech Connect

Since 2010, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building America has sponsored research at PNNL to investigate cost-effective, energy-saving home-building technologies and to demonstrate how high-performance homes can deliver lower utility bills, increased comfort, and improved indoor air quality, while maintaining accessibility for low-income homeowners. PNNL and its contractors have been investigating 1) cost-effective whole-house solutions for Habitat for Humanity International (HFHI) and specific HFH affiliates in hot-humid and marine climates; 2) cost-effective energy-efficiency improvements for heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems in new, stick-built and manufactured homes; and 3) energy-efficient domestic hot-water systems.

Chandra, Subrato; Widder, Sarah H.; Bartlett, Rosemarie; McIlvaine, Janet; Chasar, David; Beal, David; Sutherland, Karen; Abbott, , K.; Fonorow, Ken; Eklund, Ken; Lubliner, Michael; Salzberg, Emily; Peeks, B.; Hewes, T.; Kosar, D.

2012-05-31

46

C.A.S.H. - communal affordable singles housing : a platform for proactive affordability in Hong Kong  

E-print Network

In Hong Kong, young singles are left out of the affordable housing equation. They require much more space per person in comparison to those living in family housing, and the government is not willing to allocate a ...

Wang, Yan-Ping, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01

47

Labour mobility and housing: the impact of housing tenure and housing affordability on labour migration in the Czech Republic.  

PubMed

This article examines whether housing tenure and regional differences in housing affordability have an impact on labour mobility. This relationship is important for understanding the sources of structural unemployment and impediments to economic growth. Using two sample surveys from the Czech Republic, this research reveals that at the individual level housing tenure is the most powerful factor determining willingness to change residence for employment reasons. A time-series regression analysis reveals that the impact of housing affordability on observed interregional migration patterns is relatively weak and that this effect is concentrated among the highly educated seeking employment in the capital, Prague. These results demonstrate that housing tenure has a significant impact on labour migration plans in case of unemployment and that the dynamic impact of regional differences in housing affordability on labour mobility is concentrated within the most highly skilled segment of the labour force. PMID:22500343

Lux, Martin; Sunega, Petr

2012-01-01

48

Rosemount Orchard is a sustainable development driven by a sense of community. It will offer affordable housing, "green" and local retail, a picking orchard, a community garden, and plenty of open space. The goal of the community  

E-print Network

everyone! The community will have a variety of different housing and different prices, a variety affordable housing, "green" and local retail, a picking orchard, a community garden, and plenty of open space housing, a cafeteria, a student lounge area, and multiple ar- eas for students to hang out in between

Netoff, Theoden

49

Issaquah Highlands Zero Energy Affordable Housing (WA) - YWCA  

SciTech Connect

The YWCA Family Village at Issaquah, Net Zero Energy Approach Project provides a compelling model for how the nation can seriously respond to the critical need for affordable housing while advancing environmental standards and reducing economic inequities. Affordable housing developments for vulnerable members of the community and in today's workforce cannot overlook issues, such as climate impact, energy security and water conservation. This project's advanced building design was based on the goal of creating a 100 year building that could achieve net zero energy usage if funding had been available to support the final pieces of energy generation. The team worked closely with community stakeholders to ensure the baseline components of high quality and efficient building envelopes along with efficient systems were in place to set the stage for future incorporation of energy generating systems such as solar panels. As built, these 146 homes, large child care center and community services areas are proving the value of investing upfront for the benefit of future generations by reducing ongoing utility and maintenance costs with an eye toward environmental stewardship and community/resident education. The DOE award helped fund two critical energy conservation features for the YWCA Family Village at Issaquah campus: 1) super-insulated roof assembly with a continuous air barrier and 2) domestic hot water preheat system. The roof system at the YWCA Family Village at Issaquah project was built to include 6" of Polyiso rigid insulation (R-38) on top of the roof sheathing to provide a super-insulated roof in line with the other green features of the project. Placing the rigid insulation on top of the roof sheathing allows the building to have a continuous layer of insulation and provides a continuous air barrier. The domestic hot water preheat system includes flat panel arrays on roofs of the buildings that heat the water using solar power, which reduces the amount of heating needed from the gas-fired boilers. The flat-plate panels on the roof of the building heats the water using solar power. A heat exchanger transfers heat from water warmed by the panels to potable water for the units. The warmed potable water mixes with the tap water supply to create hot water for the buildings. This boost of water warmed by the solar panels reduces the heating costs for eh project by reducing the need to heat the water via gas-fired boilers. Both of these energy upgrades were chosen because they significantly improve the energy efficiency for the life of the building and are reducing monthly utility costs for both the residents and the owners. Since the owner is a not-for-profit dedicated to long-term ownership and serving households with very-low and low-incomes, the costs savings will ultimately benefit current and future residents as the dollars saved will either be realized directly by the resident or be invested in the project. Technically, the design of these systems is easily understood and the principles could be applied to other projects. The incremental costs depend largely on the existing market rate of the components-none of which are considered "cutting edge" so a market does currently exist.

Tom, Vincent; DeRobbio, Wendy; Hall, Linda

2012-04-30

50

Affordable housing through energy efficiency: The Northgate story  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we evaluate a comprehensive retrofit and rehabilitation effort to improve the comfort, affordability, and energy efficiency of 336 low-income housing units. The units had complete shell retrofits, including new siding, air-infiltration barriers, new windows and doors, and both roof and foundation insulation. In addition, the existing electric-baseboard heating system was replaced with a new gas-fired boiler for each apartment. New programmable thermostats, refrigerators, and tenant education were also included in the retrofit package. The evaluation of the project included pre- and post-retrofit utility bill analysis, computer simulation to evaluate the cost and saving of the individual measures, and a comprehensive survey of the residents regarding their comfort, behavior, and satisfaction with the retrofits. The analysis has shown energy savings of more than 20% for the shell measures, with a reduction in utility bills of nearly 50% from the combined measures. The resident survey shows high tenant satisfaction with the retrofits.

Diamond, R.C.; McAllister, J.A.; Feustel, H.E.; Patullo, C.; Buckley, T.

1992-03-01

51

24 CFR 92.254 - Qualification as affordable housing: Homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of newly constructed housing or standard housing, the housing has a purchase price for the type of single family housing...95 percent of the median area purchase price for single family housing in the jurisdiction, as follows....

2013-04-01

52

24 CFR 92.254 - Qualification as affordable housing: Homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of newly constructed housing or standard housing, the housing has a purchase price for the type of single family housing...95 percent of the median area purchase price for single family housing in the jurisdiction, as follows....

2011-04-01

53

24 CFR 92.254 - Qualification as affordable housing: Homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of newly constructed housing or standard housing, the housing has a purchase price for the type of single family housing...95 percent of the median area purchase price for single family housing in the jurisdiction, as follows....

2010-04-01

54

24 CFR 92.254 - Qualification as affordable housing: Homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of newly constructed housing or standard housing, the housing has a purchase price for the type of single family housing...95 percent of the median area purchase price for single family housing in the jurisdiction, as follows....

2012-04-01

55

Holistic revitalization in small post-industrial cities : tools for urban housing development  

E-print Network

For generations, housing programs have sought to utilize redevelopment projects to accomplish broader community revitalization goals. Contemporary affordable housing practice embodies this idea in large housing development ...

Beam, Jeffrey (Jeffrey J.)

2009-01-01

56

Amidst housing market problems, municipalities seek to stem urban decay and affordable housing remains out of reach for many  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housing Rebound Unlikely Before 2009http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=a4nfoY47rBfo&refer=homeFEMA spends almost $3B on emergency housinghttp://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2008-08-25-katrina_N.htmAdvocates assail suburbs for fighting housing ruleshttp://www.courierpostonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080826/NEWS01/808260371/1006/news01gACORN Housing Corporation [pdf]http://www.acornhousing.org/index.phpU.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development [pdf]http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/affordablehousing/index.cfmEconomists and real estate experts reported this week that U.S. housing prices declined for a fourth straight month, and this news was most unwelcome to those still facing foreclosure on their homes and those who live in large urban areas hit hardest by the housing crisis. The New York Times reported this week that a number of cities (such as Boston and San Diego) are now utilizing both private funds and taxpayer money to buy foreclosed properties in economically isolated and depressed neighborhoods in order to prevent these areas from sliding into urban decay. Not surprisingly, the sale of foreclosed homes to municipalities, along with private investors and others, led to a 3.1 percent increase in home sales during the month of July. Municipalities believe that buying up these properties and rehabilitating them will breathe new life into neighborhoods riddled with foreclosed property and the consequences of urban decay are not lost on municipal leaders, as Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino commented, "Our job as the city government is to restore these neighborhoods. We can't let this cancer continue." Despite the continued decline in housing prices, affordable housing for low and middle-income families remains out of reach in a number of large cities across the United States, including Boston, Seattle, and New York. On a final note, it appears that there will be another type of housing crisis across the Gulf Coast in the coming months, as FEMA prepares to eliminate housing subsidies for thousands of persons displaced by Hurricane Katrina on March 1st. The first link will take users to a New York Times article from this past Monday that offers insight into the efforts of municipalities to purchase foreclosed properties in order to combat neighborhood deterioration. The second link leads to a piece of reporting from Bloomberg's Alison Vekshin that indicates that the housing market will most likely not rebound until the middle of 2009. Moving on, the third link leads to an USA Today article from this Tuesday that reports on FEMA's spending on emergency housing throughout the Gulf Coast region. The fourth link leads to a trenchant piece from this Tuesday's Courier-Post (Cherry Hill, NJ) about the efforts made by wealthier suburbs across New Jersey to keep affordable housing from being built in their communities. The fifth link leads to the homepage of the ACORN Housing Corporation, which works to build affordable housing across the United States. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) thematic policy program dedicated to creating and supporting new affordable housing developments.

2008-08-29

57

Density bonuses and affordable housing in California : examining the economic impact on three cases  

E-print Network

The State of California faces a shortage of housing in many of its urban and suburban communities. This shortage has led to increasing home prices and there has been growing citizen demand to address housing affordability. ...

Skiles, Kevin, 1974-

2003-01-01

58

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy Investment Green Houses Meet the Team and Contributors August2010 European House Prices Comparing recent European house price trends: An absence of continental drift? School of Architecture, Design

Evans, Paul

59

24 CFR 954.307 - Homeownership: qualification as affordable housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...housing only if the housing: (1)(i) Has an initial purchase price that does not exceed...median purchase price for the type of single family housing (1- to 4-family...median purchase price for the type of single family housing (1- to...

2010-04-01

60

24 CFR 92.254 - Qualification as affordable housing: Homeownership.  

...standard housing, the housing has a purchase price for the type of single...the median area purchase price for single family housing in the jurisdiction annually...the median area purchase price. (3) The housing must be acquired by a...

2014-04-01

61

24 CFR 954.307 - Homeownership: qualification as affordable housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...housing only if the housing: (1)(i) Has an initial purchase price that does not exceed...median purchase price for the type of single family housing (1- to 4-family...median purchase price for the type of single family housing (1- to...

2011-04-01

62

Housing Affordability and Planning in Australia: The Challenge of Policy Under Neoliberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing affordability has once again appeared on the policy agenda of Australian governments. House prices have risen in response to booming demand and constraints on the supply of dwellings, especially a shortage of land in the capital cities and skill shortages within the housing industry. Many young and low-income households have experienced great difficulty in gaining access to homeownership and

Andrew Beer; Bridget Kearins; Hans Pieters

2007-01-01

63

24 CFR 1000.242 - When does the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...The requirement for exemption from taxation applies only to rental and...

2010-04-01

64

24 CFR 1000.242 - When does the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities?  

...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...The requirement for exemption from taxation applies only to rental and...

2014-04-01

65

24 CFR 1000.242 - When does the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...The requirement for exemption from taxation applies only to rental and...

2011-04-01

66

24 CFR 1000.242 - When does the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...The requirement for exemption from taxation applies only to rental and...

2012-04-01

67

24 CFR 1000.242 - When does the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...The requirement for exemption from taxation applies only to rental and...

2013-04-01

68

In search of an affordable housing system for Shanghai, China  

E-print Network

In 1998, the Chinese government abandoned the danwei ("work-unit") housing allocation system and fully privatized the housing market. Since then, the residential price has never stopped increasing despite the past financial ...

Sun, Linyun

2011-01-01

69

From Section 8 to Starbucks: The Effects of Gentrification on Affordable Housing in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  

E-print Network

This dissertation examines gentrification in Pittsburgh, PA to determine if the process is reducing the amount of affordable housing for low-income groups. There has been considerable debate regarding the merits and consequences of gentrification...

Kozak, Stephanie L.

2014-05-31

70

Local Perspectives on Rural Housing Affordability and Implications for the Localism Agenda in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on consultation meetings with eight community groups across rural England, this paper examines local perspectives on housing affordability, and the consequences of low levels of "within area" housing access for rural economies and communities, contrasting the reflective understanding of residents with normative and established perspectives…

Gallent, Nick; Robinson, Steve

2011-01-01

71

Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 1. Homeowning  

E-print Network

Defining Criteria: Mostly homeowners in single-family houses Archetype: Mount Greenwood, Morgan Park predominating. Over the decade, the Homeowning cluster has seen significant growth in its Hispanic population

Illinois at Chicago, University of

72

SUMMER 2008 OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation,  

E-print Network

-3108 Atlanta #12;Atlanta Table of Contents Housing 2 Transportation 3 Food 4 Entertainment 8 Volunteering 15 edition of Cheap Living. For summer 2008, we updated guides for the following major U.S. cities: · Atlanta *The Atlanta Guide was updated by 1L section representative Ashley Moore. #12;WELCOME TO ATLANTA

Wolfe, Patrick J.

73

Health Outcomes and Green Renovation of Affordable Housing  

PubMed Central

Objective This study sought to determine whether renovating low-income housing using “green” and healthy principles improved resident health and building performance. Methods We investigated resident health and building performance outcomes at baseline and one year after the rehabilitation of low-income housing using Enterprise Green Communities green specifications, which improve ventilation; reduce moisture, mold, pests, and radon; and use sustainable building products and other healthy housing features. We assessed participant health via questionnaire, provided Healthy Homes training to all participants, and measured ventilation, carbon dioxide, and radon. Results Adults reported statistically significant improvements in overall health, asthma, and non-asthma respiratory problems. Adults also reported that their children's overall health improved, with significant improvements in non-asthma respiratory problems. Post-renovation building performance testing indicated that the building envelope was tightened and local exhaust fans performed well. New mechanical ventilation was installed (compared with no ventilation previously), with fresh air being supplied at 70% of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers standard. Radon was <2 picocuries per liter of air following mitigation, and the annual average indoor carbon dioxide level was 982 parts per million. Energy use was reduced by 45% over the one-year post-renovation period. Conclusions We found significant health improvements following low-income housing renovation that complied with green standards. All green building standards should include health requirements. Collaboration of housing, public health, and environmental health professionals through integrated design holds promise for improved health, quality of life, building operation, and energy conservation. PMID:21563714

Breysse, Jill; Jacobs, David E.; Weber, William; Dixon, Sherry; Kawecki, Carol; Aceti, Susan; Lopez, Jorge

2011-01-01

74

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply ­ Paul Royston Prospect of house prices ­ Michael White Prices and affordability ­ Dean Garratt Mortgage property newsletter. This edition's feature and editorial focus is: ·Prospects for house prices

Evans, Paul

75

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply'll also cover house price analysis, affordability, supply of new property, investment, Tree Preservation, but there have been worrying signs as this fragility appears to have impacted negatively on house prices over

Evans, Paul

76

Political and organizational barriers to satisfying low-income U. S. seniors' need for affordable rental housing with supportive services.  

PubMed

A substantial share of the low-income older tenants who occupy U. S. government-subsidized rental housing has physical and cognitive limitations. These older tenants are often women living alone in their 70s and 80s, who need help obtaining community-based services, demand-responsive transportation, help with apartment housekeeping and maintenance, self-care assistance, and design modifications made to their dwellings. Other low-income and frail older persons who have large housing expense burdens or occupy physically deficient dwellings also need affordable rental housing with these supportive services. The unmet supportive service needs of these groups persist even as this country's major political and professional stakeholders are aware of their problems and have solutions. This paper examines five major political and organizational barriers that have restricted the availability of supportive services in affordable rental developments. It offers 12 policy recommendations. PMID:14733443

Golant, Stephen M

2003-01-01

77

Affordable Cold Climate Infill Housing with Hybrid Insulation Approach, Wyandotte, Michigan (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Even builders who are relatively new to energy-efficient construction can consistently reach a target whole house airtightness of 1.5 air changes per hour at 50 Pascals (ACH50) with high R-value enclosures that use a hybrid insulation approach. The City of Wyandotte, Michigan, started a construction program in 2010 to build affordable, energy-efficient homes on lots in existing neighborhoods. A goal of the program was to engage local builders in energy-efficient construction and be able to deliver the new houses for less than $100/ft2. By the end of 2012, approximately 25 new houses were built by five local builders under this program. To help builders consistently achieve the airtightness target, a local architect worked with researchers from Building Science Corporation, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America team, to develop a technology specification with several key pieces. A high R-value wall and roof assembly made use of 2 ?6 advanced framing and a hybrid insulation approach that included insulating sheathing to control thermal bridging and closed cell spray polyurethane foam insulation (ccSPF) for its airtightness and vapor control benefits. This approach allows the air barrier to be completed and tested before any finishing work occurs, ensuring that problems are spotted and corrected early in the construction process.

Metzger, C.; Lukachko, A.; Grin, A.; Bergey, D.

2013-11-01

78

OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation, Food, and Fun in Major Cities for HLS Students  

E-print Network

Cheap Living... OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation, Food, and Fun in Major Cities for the challenges and rewards of your job, but are you ready to move to, navigate, and enjoy a new city on a modest salary? It can be difficult to live cheaply in some of the world's most expensive (and exciting) cities

Wolfe, Patrick J.

79

OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation, Food, and Fun in Major Cities for HLS Students  

E-print Network

1 Cheap Living... OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation, Food, and Fun in Major Cities of your job, but are you ready to move to, navigate, and enjoy a new city on a modest salary? It can be difficult to live cheaply in some of the world's most expensive (and exciting) cities, so OPIA and the 1L

Wolfe, Patrick J.

80

OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation, Food, and Fun in Major Cities for HLS Students  

E-print Network

Cheap Living... OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation, Food, and Fun in Major Cities a new city on a modest salary? It can be difficult to live cheaply in some of the world's most expensive (and exciting) cities, so OPIA and the 1L Public Interest Section Representatives have put together

Wolfe, Patrick J.

81

Affordable, safe housing based on expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam and a cementitious coating  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an ongoing project to demonstrate an affordable, safe, and energy-efficient housing technology based on expanded polystyrene (EPS) panels with a cementitious coating. The concepts being described are (1) EPS panels embedded with galvanized steel trusses, steel mesh welded or clipped to the protruding points of the trusses and finished with a coating of cement plaster; (2) fiber-reinforced

A. J. Lee; H. Kelly; R. Jagoda; A. Rosenfeld; E. Stubee; J. Colaco; A. Gadgil; H. Akbari; L. Norford; H. van Burik

2006-01-01

82

Living in Affordable Housing and Duration of Tenure: Do Older Adults Stay in Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Projects as They Age?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compliance data for the low-income housing tax credit program in Ohio was examined to identify factors associated with affordable housing tenure. Residents aged 55 and older reported a median tenure duration of 2.7 years. Cox regression was used to explore time until exiting housing, controlling for demographic factors, and the date the housing project was placed into service. Results suggest

Holly Beard; Brian Carnahan

2011-01-01

83

Who has housing affordability problems? Disparities in Housing Cost burden by Race, Nativity and Legal Status in Los Angeles  

PubMed Central

Housing costs are a substantial component of U.S. household expenditures. Those who allocate a large proportion of their income to housing often have to make difficult financial decisions with significant short-term and long-term implications for adults and children. This study employs cross-sectional data from the first wave of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (L.A.FANS) collected between 2000 and 2002 to examine the most common U.S. standard of housing affordability, the likelihood of spending thirty percent or more of income on shelter costs. Multivariate analyses of a low-income sample of U.S. born Latinos, Whites, African Americans, authorized Latino immigrants and unauthorized Latino immigrants focus on baseline and persistent differences in the likelihood of being cost burdened by race, nativity and legal status. Nearly half or more of each group of low-income respondents experience housing affordability problems. The results suggest that immigrants’ legal status is the primary source of disparities among those examined, with the multivariate analyses revealing large and persistent disparities for unauthorized Latino immigrants relative to most other groups. Moreover, the higher odds of housing cost burden observed for unauthorized immigrants compared with their authorized immigrant counterparts remains substantial, accounting for traditional indicators of immigrant assimilation. These results are consistent with emerging scholarship regarding the role of legal status in shaping immigrant outcomes in the United States. PMID:24077641

McConnell, Eileen Diaz

2013-01-01

84

Assessing the engineering performance of affordable net-zero energy housing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this research was to evaluate affordable technologies that are capable of providing attractive, cost-effective energy savings to the housing industry. The research did so by investigating the 2011 Solar Decathlon competition, with additional insight from the Purdue INhome. Insight from the Purdue INhome verified the importance of using a three step design process to design a net-zero energy building. In addition, energy consumption values of the INhome were used to compare and contrast different systems used in other houses. Evaluation of unbiased competition contests gave a better understanding of how a house can realistically reach net-zero. Upon comparison, off-the-shelf engineering systems such as super-efficient HVAC units, heat pump hot water heaters, and properly designed photovoltaic arrays can affordably enable a house to become net-zero. These important and applicable technologies realized from the Solar Decathlon will reduce the 22 percent of all energy consumed through the residential sector in the United States. In conclusion, affordable net-zero energy buildings can be built today with commitment from design professionals, manufacturers, and home owners.

Wallpe, Jordan P.

85

Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network Lake View, Armour Square (Chinatown), West Town, Near North Side, Near South  

E-print Network

Vacant Owner Renter White Hispanic Other African American Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago: Near South Side Total Population: 292,992 (10.1% of city), grew 8.1% Housing Stock: Multifamily, new tremendous population shifts as vacancies decrease, prices rise, homeowner rates increase, and new rentals

Illinois at Chicago, University of

86

Landowners and the Structure of Affordable Housing Provision in Rural Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper looks at the behaviour of private landowners in rural Scotland in relation to housing supply, particularly renting and low-cost housing. The theme is one that has received relatively little research. In consequence, the paper is set in the context of two rather broader traditions in the literature of examining investor/developer

Satsangi, M.

2005-01-01

87

Affordable next-generation UGS development and testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) are valuable tools for the U.S. military and border patrol, however, their utility is often limited due to their cost, size, and weight. Recently specific advances in micro power electronics, transducers, packaging, and signal processing techniques have enabled the development of a small, lightweight, and affordable UGS. Originally intended for small unit clearing/monitoring operations, a sensor has evolved to achieve detection performance comparable to state-of-the-art UGS. To meet a broader mission capability, battery life and detection capabilities have been extended and affordable networked cameras and repeaters have been developed. This paper will provide an overview of the key enabling technologies for affordable UGS, provide an overview and enhancements of this affordable UGS system, and review results of system testing.

Winston, Mark; Egerton, David; McQuiddy, John; Jones, Barry

2010-04-01

88

Developing a better shell for lab house  

SciTech Connect

The Residential Integrated Systems Application project is the initial effort of a home building research and development consortium consisting of building products manufacturers and an A/E firm. The objective is to develop methods to construct homes that are energy efficient, environmentally responsive, offer improved quality and are affordable. The construction technology must be cost effective and acceptable to a wide range of builders across the country. The US Department of Energy also provided support. One of the consortium`s purposes is to initiate applications research into home building. Starting in 1992 with design research, the project has progressed through producing technical mock-ups to building comparative lab houses. In the initial stages of investigation, every component of house construction was examined to determine better ways to build. Current methods were evaluated and shortcomings noted. After this initial assessment new house construction was proposed.

Holton, J.K. [Burt Hill Kosar Rittelmann Associates, Butler, PA (United States)

1997-11-01

89

Affordable housing and upward mobility : bridging the divide at The Community Builders, Inc.  

E-print Network

An increasing austerity at all levels of government has propelled a heightened focus on more efficient models of housing delivery, human service delivery and community development. One area of increased attention, with ...

Yadegar, Daniel Aziz

2012-01-01

90

Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage Affordable Development Strategy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of nuclear power for space use in nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) systems will involve significant expenditures of funds and require major technology development efforts. The development effort must be economically viable yet sufficient to validate the systems designed. Efforts are underway within the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage Project (NCPS) to study what a viable program would entail. The study will produce an integrated schedule, cost estimate and technology development plan. This will include the evaluation of various options for test facilities, types of testing and use of the engine, components, and technology developed. A "Human Rating" approach will also be developed and factored into the schedule, budget and technology development approach.

Doughty, Glen E.; Gerrish, H. P.; Kenny, R. J.

2014-01-01

91

Cleveland's EcoVillage: green and affordable housing through a network alliance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a case study of the inter-organizational network that formed to produce four housing projects in Cleveland's EcoVillage designed to integrate social equity and ecological stewardship as the basis for neighborhood redevelopment. Our paper builds on concepts of community development and housing production through inter-organizational networks spanning nonprofit, public, and private organizations that developed and supported four “green”

Wendy A. Kellogg; W. Dennis Keating

2011-01-01

92

Affordable energy solutions for developing communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes efforts by the IEEE PES Community Solutions Initiative (CSI) to provide reliable electricity to the 1.6 billion low income people who do not have access to electric light. The Community Solutions Initiative is a virtual community of professionals from a wide variety of backgrounds who are providing largely pro-bono efforts to design, develop, deliver and promote sustainable

R. Podmore; Ray Larsen; Henry Louie; Brian Waldron

2011-01-01

93

Innovating for the developing world: meeting the affordability challenge.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. Ultrasound technologies have gained increasing prominence and accessibility in the developing world as manufacturers focus on this region as an emerging market. More extensive ultrasound use holds promise for addressing the disproportionate morbidity and mortality that continues to plague the developing world, particularly in the area of obstetrics. CONCLUSION. In this article, we describe the challenge of making ultrasound technologies affordable to health care providers in resource-limited regions vis-à-vis an innovative group of midwives in Nairobi. PMID:25247949

Harvey, H Benjamin; Ahn, Roy; Price, Daniel D; Burke, Thomas F

2014-10-01

94

Elasticity of capital-land substitution in housing construction, Gaborone, Botswana: Implications for smart growth policy and affordable housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

By determining the elasticity of capital-land substitution in housing construction, this research evaluates the impact that anti-sprawl, smart growth policies promoting higher land prices can have on housing prices. Analysis for Gaborone, Botswana captures the city's sprawling nature by showing that residential housing density is constant and low across the metropolitan area. Elasticity of capital-land substitution is determined for this

Nnyaladzi Batisani; Brent Yarnal

2011-01-01

95

Mobile Homes, Affordability and the Housing for Older Persons Act of 1995  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fair Housing Act permitted an age exemption to its discrimination provisions if projects provided “significant facilities and services” that addressed the special housing needs of the elderly. Mobile home subdivisions and other types of housing for lower income households could comply with the significant facilities and services provision only through extensive reliance on volunteers and a homeowners association committed

Karl L. Guntermann

2002-01-01

96

Manufactured Homes as Affordable Housing in Rural Areas. Rural Information Center Publication Series, No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography includes citations of approximately 60 books and articles pertaining to manufactured housing or "mobile homes," an important segment of the national housing industry. The availability of manufactured homes for low and moderate income groups is significant in light of skyrocketing new-housing costs. The South leads the nation with…

Czerniak, Robert, Comp.

97

Safe and Affordable Drinking Water for Developing Countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Safe drinking water remains inaccessible for about 1.2 billion people in the world, and the hourly toll from biological contamination of drinking water is 200 deaths mostly among children under five years of age. This chapter summarizes the need for safe drinking water, the scale of the global problem, and various methods tried to address it. Then it gives the history and current status of an innovation ("UV Waterworks™") developed to address this major public health challenge. It reviews water disinfection technologies applicable to achieve the desired quality of drinking water in developing countries, and specifically, the limitations overcome by one particular invention: UV Waterworks. It then briefly describes the business model and financing option than is accelerating its implementation for affordable access to safe drinking water to the unserved populations in these countries. Thus this chapter describes not only the innovation in design of a UV water disinfection system, but also innovation in the delivery model for safe drinking water, with potential for long term growth and sustainability.

Gadgil, Ashok

2008-09-01

98

Affordable Development and Qualification Strategy for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) is a concept which uses a nuclear reactor to heat a propellant to high temperatures without combustion and can achieve significantly greater specific impulse than chemical engines. NTP has been considered many times for human and cargo missions beyond low earth orbit. A lot of development and technical maturation of NTP components took place during the Rover/NERVA program of the 60's and early 70's. Other NTP programs and studies followed attempting to further mature the NTP concept and identify a champion customer willing to devote the funds and support the development schedule to a demonstration mission. Budgetary constraints require the use of an affordable development and qualification strategy that takes into account all the previous work performed on NTP to construct an existing database, and include lessons learned and past guidelines followed. Current guidelines and standards NASA uses for human rating chemical rocket engines is referenced. The long lead items for NTP development involve the fuel elements of the reactor and ground testing the engine system, subsystem, and components. Other considerations which greatly impact the development plans includes the National Space Policy, National Environmental Policy Act, Presidential Directive/National Security Council Memorandum #25 (Scientific or Technological Experiments with Possible Large-Scale Adverse Environmental Effects and Launch of Nuclear Systems into Space), and Safeguards and Security. Ground testing will utilize non-nuclear test capabilities to help down select components and subsystems before testing in a nuclear environment to save time and cost. Existing test facilities with minor modifications will be considered to the maximum extent practical. New facilities will be designed to meet minimum requirements. Engine and test facility requirements are based on the driving mission requirements with added factors of safety for better assurance and reliability. Emphasis will be placed on small engines, since the smaller the NTP engine, the easier it is to transport, assemble/disassemble, and filter the exhaust during tests. A new ground test concept using underground bore holes (modeled after the underground nuclear test program) to filter the NTP engine exhaust is being considered. The NTP engine system design, development, test, and evaluation plan includes many engine components and subsystems, which are very similar to those used in chemical engines, and can be developed in conjunction with them Other less mature NTP engine components and subsystems (e.g., reactor) will be thoroughly analyzed and tested to acceptable levels recommended by the referenced standards and guidelines. The affordable development strategy also considers a prototype flight test, as a final step in the development process. Preliminary development schedule estimates show that an aggressive development schedule (without much margin) will be required to be flight ready for a 2033 human mission to Mars.

Gerrish, Harold P., Jr.; Bhattacharyya, Samit K.

2013-01-01

99

Excluding Exceptions: Housing Non-Affordability and the Oppression of Environmental Sustainability?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the provision of homes for less wealthy households in rural England. By allowing 'exceptions' to UK planning law to provide low-income housing for local residents, the national government seeks to secure dwellings for the less wealthy and so sustain socially mixed rural villages. This paper explores how the production of homes…

Hoggart, K.; Henderson, S.

2005-01-01

100

Affordability of Social Protection Measures in Poor Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Social protection programmes constitute an affordable investment in poverty reduction and an effective stimulus to pro-poor growth - even for the poorest countries. Costs are modest relative to overall public expenditure budgets and programmes can be built up incrementally. Evidence on impact shows that even small and local programmes produce positive benefits. The possibility of starting small and building

Earnán O'Cleirigh; Irish Aid

2009-01-01

101

Reforms in housing sector in India: impact on housing development and housing amenities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing sector in India for several decades faced a number of set-backs, such as an unorganized market, development disparities, a compartmentalized development approach and a deterrent rent control system. There was not even a concerted attempt to understand the housing problem let alone promote it. Reforms introduced in the sector during the 1990s, however, have overturned the situation to

M. Mahadeva

2006-01-01

102

Making Home Affordable  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started by the Department of the Treasury and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the Making Housing Affordable (MHA) initiative is designed to help homeowners avoid foreclosure. On the site's homepage, visitors can learn about their eligibility for assistance, hear feedback from other homeowners who have participated, and sign up to receive email updates about these programs. Many of the materials here are contained within five primary sections, which include "Learn More", "News", and "Get Assistance". Also, visitors can learn about upcoming events sponsored by the MHA in their area, and also learn about potential housing scams. Additionally, visitors who work in the housing industry and non-profit organizations can use the "For Partners" area to find additional resources to help those people they work with.

103

Viewing Housing Holistically: The Resident-Focused Component of the Housing-Plus Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: It is widely believed that housing affects both residents' social and economic opportunities and the prospects for neighborhood upgrading. Housing plus refers to the public or nonprofit sectors providing affordable housing together with services that support family well-being and community development within subsidized rental housing developments. In this article I consider whether providing housing plus services rather than housing

Rachel G. Bratt

2008-01-01

104

Affordable Development of a Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fundamental capability of Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) is game changing for space exploration. A first generation Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage (NCPS) based on NTP could provide high thrust at a specific impulse above 900 s, roughly double that of state of the art chemical engines. The foundation provided by development and utilization of a NCPS could enable development of extremely high performance systems. The role of the NCPS in the development of advanced nuclear propulsion systems could be analogous to the role of the DC-3 in the development of advanced aviation. Progress made under the NCPS project could help enable both advanced NTP and advanced Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP).

Houts, M. G.; Borowski, S. K.; George, J. A.; Kim, T.; Emrich, W. J.; Hickman, R. R.; Broadway, J. W.; Gerrish, H. P.; Adams, R. B.

2012-01-01

105

24 CFR 1000.136 - What insurance requirements apply to housing units assisted with NAHASDA grants?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...apply to housing units assisted with NAHASDA grants? 1000.136 Section 1000.136 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...HOUSING ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.136 What insurance requirements apply to...

2010-04-01

106

Development of an affordable dye-stained microalbuminuria screening test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A simple spot test was developed, which al- lows quantification of microalbuminuria. Evaluation was carried out according to the ISO 15189 guidelines. Methods. Urine was spotted on cellulose acetate strips and stained using different sensitive protein binding dyes (ni- grosin, Coomassie Blue R-250, amido black). The colour intensity of the stained spots was quantified using a Kodak Image 450

Pierrot Lundimu Tugirimana; Joris R. Delanghe

2008-01-01

107

A New Inventory for Assessing "Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development ("AHEMD-SR")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A contemporary view of motor development considers environmental influences as critical factors in optimal growth and behavior, with the home being the primary agent. The intent of this communication is to introduce the "Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development Self-Report" ("AHEMD-SR") to early childhood practitioners. The…

Gabbard, Carl; Cacola, Priscila; Rodrigues, Luis Paulo

2008-01-01

108

The Need for Decent, Affordable Housing. Hearing on the Impending Loss of Hundreds of Thousands of Federally Assisted Housing Units that May Cause Many Low Income Families to Become Homeless and Out on the Streets, before the Subcommittee on Housing and Urban Affairs of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (Los Angeles, California, July 2, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This testimony before the Senate Subcommittee on Housing and Urban Affairs focuses on the need for decent, affordable housing. It reviews the loss of monies for federally assisted housing units and projects the consequences in the deterioration of the quality of life for many Americans. Because of budget cuts enacted during the Reagan…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs.

109

Understanding Affordances and Challenges of Three Types of Video for Teacher Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although researchers have reported positive effects on teacher learning from observing published video, teachers' own video, and their colleagues' video, very few professional development programs have integrated all three types of video to improve teacher learning. In this study, we examined the affordances and challenges of the three types of…

Zhang, Meilan; Lundeberg, Mary; Koehler, Matthew J.; Eberhardt, Jan

2011-01-01

110

24 CFR 1000.140 - May a recipient use grant funds to purchase insurance for privately owned housing to protect...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.140 May a recipient use grant funds to...

2013-04-01

111

24 CFR 1000.120 - May a recipient use Indian preference or tribal preference in selecting families for housing...  

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.120 May a recipient use Indian preference or...

2014-04-01

112

Doing their part? : proactive planning and deliberate avoidance of affordable housing by Massachusetts communities in response to Chapter 40B  

E-print Network

Chapter 40B is an innovative Massachusetts law adopted in 1969 to expand the supply and distribution of subsidized housing throughout the state. The statute creates a streamlined permitting process through which municipalities ...

Frantz, Anna J. (Anna Jordan)

2005-01-01

113

78 FR 46600 - Notice of Realty Action: Direct Sale of Public Land (N-91073) for Affordable Housing Purposes in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to sell a 5-acre public land parcel located...Nevada, under the authorities of Sections 203 of...entities, including local public housing authorities. The direct sale method...part of a project or public importance and...

2013-08-01

114

A New Inventory for Assessing Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development (AHEMD-SR)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A contemporary view of motor development considers environmental influences as critical factors in optimal growth and behavior,\\u000a with the home being the primary agent. The intent of this communication is to introduce the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development Self-Report (AHEMD-SR) to early childhood practitioners. The AHEMD-SR is a reliable and valid parental self-report assessment instrument that addresses

Carl Gabbard; Priscila Caçola; Luis Paulo Rodrigues

2008-01-01

115

Low-income housing in Kampala, Uganda : a strategy package to overcome barriers for delivering housing opportunities affordable to the urban poor  

E-print Network

The city of Kampala, Uganda, is struggling with a housing deficit that is compounding each year and creating market distortions that threaten to derail recent economic success and destabilize the social fabric of the ...

Mayer, Richard Campbell

2011-01-01

116

24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements...ACTIVITIES General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements...housing activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply...

2012-04-01

117

24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements...ACTIVITIES General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements...housing activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply...

2011-04-01

118

24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements...ACTIVITIES General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements...housing activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply...

2013-04-01

119

24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements...ACTIVITIES General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements...housing activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply...

2010-04-01

120

24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements...ACTIVITIES General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements...housing activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply...

2014-04-01

121

A Fast, Affordable, Science and Technology SATellite (FASTSAT) and the Small Satellite Market Development Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administr ation at Marshall Space Flight Center and the National Space Science and Technology Center in Huntsville Alabama USA, are jointly developing a new class of science and technology mission small satellites. The Fast, Affordable, Science and Technology SATell ite (FASTSAT) was designed and developed using a new collaborative and best practices approach. The FASTSAT development, along with the new class of low cost vehicles currently being developed, would allow performance of 30 kg payload mass missions for a cost of less than 10 million US dollars.

Boudreaux, Mark; Montgomery, Edward; Cacas, Joseph

2008-01-01

122

Sustainable Housing in the Urban Context: International Sustainable Development Indicator Sets and Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing, an essential aspect of quality of life, is also significant for sustainable development (SD). All of the major international\\u000a statements on SD refer to housing or settlement strategies. However, indicator sets derived from these statements often fail\\u000a to include good indicators of sustainable housing. This article outlines the conceptualisation of SD and housing from the\\u000a international statements. It proceeds

Nessa Winston; Montserrat Pareja Eastaway

2008-01-01

123

Jzsef Hegeds: Housing affordability issues in Eastern and Central European Paper prepared for Seminar on Housing, Social inclusion and the Economy  

E-print Network

prepared for Seminar on Housing, Social inclusion and the Economy Social Situation Observatory ­ Network that is different from the EEHM) has emerged in the region, but it has an effect on the social and economic/global and national/local), and it also tries to reveal the relationships between these levels. While global

Birmingham, University of

124

Even a rich man can afford that expensive house: ERP responses to construction-based pragmatic constraints during sentence comprehension.  

PubMed

A linguistic construction is typically viewed as encoding the pairing of syntactic form and semantic information that is independent of the meaning of constituent words. Here with the event-related potentials (ERPs) we demonstrate that such a construction can also encode pragmatic constraints (event likelihood) that immediately influence online sentence comprehension and the associated neural activity. The lian…dou…construction in Chinese (similar to even in English) normally describes an event of low expectedness (a semantic constraint); it also introduces a pragmatic scale implying that any event with a higher likelihood than the event described must occur (pragmatic inference). By embedding a highly likely event (a rich man buying a house) or an underspecified event (a man buying a house) in the construction, we created an incongruent condition and an underspecified condition and compared both with a control condition in which an event of low expectedness (a poor man buying a house) was described. ERPs on the main verb phrases showed an N400 with a maximum in the right hemisphere followed by a late negativity with an anterior maximum for both the incongruent and underspecified conditions, with a larger N400 effect for the former than for the latter. ERPs on the sentence-final phrases showed a sustained negativity for the incongruent, but not for the underspecified condition. The N400 effect may reflect the increased difficulty in unifying the current event into the lian…dou… construction. The late negativity may reflect a second-pass revision according to the likelihood scale to satisfy the pragmatic constraints of the construction. PMID:23774181

Jiang, Xiaoming; Li, Yi; Zhou, Xiaolin

2013-08-01

125

Space and energy conservation housing prototype unit development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Construction plans are discussed for a house which will demonstrate the application of advanced technology to minimize energy requirements and to help direct further development in home construction by defining the interaction of integrated energy and water systems with building configuration and construction materials. Housing unit designs are provided and procedures for the analysis of a variety of housing strategies are developed.

Sunshine, D. R.

1975-01-01

126

Affordable Development and Optimization of CERMET Fuels for NTP Ground Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

CERMET fuel materials for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) are currently being developed at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. The work is part of NASA's Advanced Space Exploration Systems Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage (NCPS) Project. The goal of the FY12-14 project is to address critical NTP technology challenges and programmatic issues to establish confidence in the affordability and viability of an NTP system. A key enabling technology for an NCPS system is the fabrication of a stable high temperature nuclear fuel form. Although much of the technology was demonstrated during previous programs, there are currently no qualified fuel materials or processes. The work at MSFC is focused on developing critical materials and process technologies for manufacturing robust, full-scale CERMET fuels. Prototypical samples are being fabricated and tested in flowing hot hydrogen to understand processing and performance relationships. As part of this initial demonstration task, a final full scale element test will be performed to validate robust designs. The next phase of the project will focus on continued development and optimization of the fuel materials to enable future ground testing. The purpose of this paper is to provide a detailed overview of the CERMET fuel materials development plan. The overall CERMET fuel development path is shown in Figure 2. The activities begin prior to ATP for a ground reactor or engine system test and include materials and process optimization, hot hydrogen screening, material property testing, and irradiation testing. The goal of the development is to increase the maturity of the fuel form and reduce risk. One of the main accomplishmens of the current AES FY12-14 project was to develop dedicated laboratories at MSFC for the fabrication and testing of full length fuel elements. This capability will enable affordable, near term development and optimization of the CERMET fuels for future ground testing. Figure 2 provides a timeline of the development and optimization tasks for the AES FY15-17 follow on program.

Hickman, Robert R.; Broadway, Jeramie W.; Mireles, Omar R.

2014-01-01

127

Spatial Analysis on Future Housing Markets: Economic Development and Housing Implications  

PubMed Central

A coupled projection method combining formal modelling and other statistical techniques was developed to delineate the relationship between economic and social drivers for net new housing allocations. Using the example of employment growth in Tyne and Wear, UK, until 2016, the empirical analysis yields housing projections at the macro- and microspatial levels (e.g., region to subregion to elected ward levels). The results have important implications for the strategic planning of locations for housing and employment, demonstrating both intuitively and quantitatively how local economic developments affect housing demand. PMID:24892097

Liu, Xin; Wang, Lizhe

2014-01-01

128

Small Launch Vehicle Concept Development for Affordable Multi-Stage Inline Configurations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Concepts Office at NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center conducted a study of two configurations of a three-stage, inline, liquid propellant small launch vehicle concept developed on the premise of maximizing affordability by targeting a specific payload capability range based on current and future industry demand. The initial configuration, NESC-1, employed liquid oxygen as the oxidizer and rocket propellant grade kerosene as the fuel in all three stages. The second and more heavily studied configuration, NESC-4, employed liquid oxygen and rocket propellant grade kerosene on the first and second stages and liquid oxygen and liquid methane fuel on the third stage. On both vehicles, sensitivity studies were first conducted on specific impulse and stage propellant mass fraction in order to baseline gear ratios and drive the focus of concept development. Subsequent sensitivity and trade studies on the NESC-4 concept investigated potential impacts to affordability due to changes in gross liftoff mass and/or vehicle complexity. Results are discussed at a high level to understand the impact severity of certain sensitivities and how those trade studies conducted can either affect cost, performance, or both.

Beers, Benjamin R.; Waters, Eric D.; Philips, Alan D.; Threet, Grady E., Jr.

2014-01-01

129

Small Launch Vehicle Concept Development for Affordable Multi-Stage Inline Configurations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Concepts Office at NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center conducted a study of two configurations of a three stage, inline, liquid propellant small launch vehicle concept developed on the premise of maximizing affordability by targeting a specific payload capability range based on current industry demand. The initial configuration, NESC-1, employed liquid oxygen as the oxidizer and rocket propellant grade kerosene as the fuel in all three stages. The second and more heavily studied configuration, NESC-4, employed liquid oxygen and rocket propellant grade kerosene on the first and second stages and liquid oxygen and liquid methane fuel on the third stage. On both vehicles, sensitivity studies were first conducted on specific impulse and stage propellant mass fraction in order to baseline gear ratios and drive the focus of concept development. Subsequent sensitivity and trade studies on the NESC-4 configuration investigated potential impacts to affordability due to changes in gross liftoff weight and/or vehicle complexity. Results are discussed at a high level to understand the severity of certain sensitivities and how those trade studies conducted can either affect cost, performance or both.

Beers, Benjamin R.; Waters, Eric D.; Philips, Alan D.; Threet, Grady E., Jr.

2014-01-01

130

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...housing developments subject to required conversion. 972.124 Section 972.124...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2010-04-01

131

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. Affordable housing development authorities throughout the United States continually struggle to find the most cost-effective pathway to provide quality, durable, and sustainable housing. The challenge for these authorities is to achieve the mission of delivering affordable housing at the lowest cost per square foot in environments that may be rural, urban, suburban, or within a designated redevelopment district. With the challenges the U.S. faces regarding energy, the environmental impacts of consumer use of fossil fuels and the increased focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, housing authorities are pursuing the goal of constructing affordable, energy efficient and sustainable housing at the lowest life-cycle cost of ownership. This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra-low-energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. In addition to describing the results of the performance monitoring from the pilot project, this paper describes the recommended design process of (1) setting performance goals for energy efficiency and renewable energy on a life-cycle cost basis, (2) using an integrated, whole building design approach, and (3) incorporating systems-built housing, a green jobs training program, and renewable energy technologies into a replicable high performance, low-income housing project development model.

Dean, J.; VanGeet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

2012-03-01

132

National Low Income Housing Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Amid the successes of new residential housing developments throughout the United States, there are many policy analysts and community activists who remain concern about the general lack of affordable housing in some parts of the country. One such group is the National Low Income Housing Coalition, which is primarily focused on the creation and maintenance of housing for persons in the lowest income brackets. The site itself is quite rich in materials, including the AdvocateâÂÂs Guide which contains short chapters describing more than 60 housing-related programs, proposals, and issues. Another very useful set of documents are the âÂÂOut of Reachâ annual reports, which offer statistical data and summaries of the affordability (or lack of affordability) of housing options in different regions of the country.

2005-01-01

133

Affordable access to essential medication in developing countries: conflicts between ethical and economic imperatives.  

PubMed

Recent economic and political advances in developing countries on the African continent and South East Asia are threatened by the rising death and morbidity rates of HIV/AIDS. In the first part of this paper we explain the reasons for the absence of affordable access to essential AIDS medication. In the second part we take a closer look at some of the pivotal frameworks relevant for this situation and undertake an ethical analysis of these frameworks. In the third part we discuss a few of the proposed solutions to the problem and conclude with an argument in support of our preferred course of action. In this article we argue for compulsory licensing of essential AIDS medications in the current conditions of public health emergency. We argue on broadly consequentialist grounds that compulsory licensing is preferable both morally and pragmatically to the alternatives, notably the currently offered price cuts and drug donation schemes. PMID:11961696

Schüklenk, Udo; Ashcroft, Richard E

2002-04-01

134

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents` energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today`s results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

135

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents' energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today's results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

136

Chinese housing mixology : considerations for the successful development of mixed-income housing  

E-print Network

In recent years, the Chinese government transformed their national system of housing provision and introduced market mechanisms. The consequent boom in residential real estate development and the emergence of speculative ...

Chan, Janelle (Janelle Jie-Ying)

2007-01-01

137

Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments  

E-print Network

Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments: A Case Study on the Creation Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments: A Case Study on the Creation of a New with integrating photovoltaic (PV) systems into existing financing models and the added cost to the new

138

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Periodicals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) publishes periodicals aimed towards urban development professionals, policy makers, and scholars. This website brings all of these periodicals together in one place, and visitors can look through current and past issues of "Cityscape", and the quarterly report, "U.S. Housing Market Conditions". For those interested in a more general-interest publication, "Cityscape" is a good bet, as it contains pieces on housing vouchers, ethnically diverse urban neighborhoods, and the legacy of the Fair Housing Act. Finally, the "U.S. Housing Market Conditions" reports consist of statistical data and written reports on the quarterly status of economic and housing market trends for 10 geographical regions.

2006-01-01

139

Bay Ridge Gardens - Mixed Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit: Annapolis, Maryland. Building America Case Study: Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Under this project, Newport Partners (as part of the BA-PIRC research team) evaluated the installation, measured performance, and cost-effectiveness of efficiency upgrade measures for a tenant-in-place DER at the Bay Ridge multifamily (MF) development in Annapolis, Maryland. The design and construction phase of the Bay Ridge project was completed in August 2012. This report summarizes system commissioning, short-term test results, utility bill data analysis, and analysis of real-time data collected over a one-year period after the retrofit was complete. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a "base scope" retrofit which was estimated to achieve a 30%+ savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on 186 apartments, and a "DER scope" which was estimated to achieve 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on a 12-unit building. The base scope was applied to the entire apartment complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. A wide range of efficiency measures was applied to pursue this savings target for the DER building, including improvements/replacements of mechanical equipment and distribution systems, appliances, lighting and lighting controls, the building envelope, hot water conservation measures, and resident education. The results of this research build upon the current body of knowledge of multifamily retrofits. Towards this end, the research team has collected and generated data on the selection of measures, their estimated performance, their measured performance, and risk factors and their impact on potential measures.

Not Available

2013-10-01

140

Development of a new class of satellites: a composite lightweight affordable spacecraft structure  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in partnership with Composite Optics Incorporated (COI) has successfully designed and tested a Composite Lightweight Affordable Structure (CLASS). The use of advanced composites in space applications is well developed, but the application of an all-composite satellite structure has not been achieved until now. The development of this low-cost, lightweight, composite technology for use in small satellite structures, in this case, for the Fast On-Orbit Recording of Transient Events (FORT{acute E}) satellite mission will make a considerable contribution to the advanced spacecraft community. A common practice for constructing small spacecraft structures is to use an all-aluminum spacecraft bus. Compared to a composite structure, this reduces the payload capacity significantly; however, the cost of the aluminum structure has historically been lower than one of that uses lightweight components. LANL mission requirements dictate the need for a long term solution that substantially increased the ratio of payload to structural mass while maintaining a low-risk low-cost approach. LANL intends to use the concept developed for FORT{acute E} on future missions requiring similar enhanced payload capacities. 1 fig.

Thompson, T.C.; Parietti, L.

1996-06-01

141

Touch Affordances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The workshop “Touch Affordances” addresses a concept relevant to human computer interactions based on touch. The main topic is the challenge of applying the notion of affordances to domains related to touch interactions (e.g. (multi)touch screens, RFID & NFC, ubiquitous interfaces). The goals of this workshop are to launch a community of researchers, designers, etc. interested in this topic, to create a common understanding of the field of touch affordances and to generate ideas for new research areas for intuitive touch interactions. The workshop will be highly interactive and will have a creative, generative character.

Slegers, Karin; de Roeck, Dries; Arnall, Timo

142

Developing a User Guide to Integrating New Technologies in Science Teaching and Learning: Teachers' and Pupils' Perceptions of Their Affordances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports outcomes of a project in which five teachers developed a web-based user guide to integrating new technologies in secondary science teaching. The guide aimed to support the initial education of trainee teachers, and the professional development of mentors, in working with, and understanding the affordances of, new technologies.…

de Winter, James; Winterbottom, Mark; Wilson, Elaine

2010-01-01

143

Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network: doing good by making high-quality vaccines affordable for all.  

PubMed

The Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network (DCVMN) is a unique model of a public and private international alliance. It assembles governmental and private organizations to work toward a common goal of manufacturing and supplying high-quality vaccines at affordable prices to protect people around the world from known and emerging infectious diseases. Together, this group of manufacturers has decades of experience in manufacturing vaccines, with technologies, know-how, and capacity to produce more than 40 vaccines types. These manufacturers have already contributed more than 30 vaccines in various presentations that have been prequalified by the World Health Organization for use by global immunization programmes. Furthermore, more than 45 vaccines are in the pipeline. Recent areas of focus include vaccines to protect against rotavirus, human papillomavirus (HPV), Japanese encephalitis, meningitis, hepatitis E, poliovirus, influenza, and pertussis, as well as combined pentavalent vaccines for children. The network has a growing number of manufacturers that produce a growing number of products to supply the growing demand for vaccines in developing countries. PMID:23598479

Pagliusi, Sonia; Leite, Luciana C C; Datla, Mahima; Makhoana, Morena; Gao, Yongzhong; Suhardono, Mahendra; Jadhav, Suresh; Harshavardhan, Gutla V J A; Homma, Akira

2013-04-18

144

The "L" is for living : creating urban development linkages with affordable transit-oriented housing  

E-print Network

What is a city? Who is the city for? A citizen's answer to these questions is closely connected with her or his sense of political power or representation in the city. Harvey Molotch argues that politically influential ...

Davis, Omari Akil

2009-01-01

145

DEVELOPMENT AND MONITORING OF A SUSTAINABLE AFFORDABLE HOUSING COMMUNITY IN SOUTHWEST FLORIDA GULF COAST UNIVERSITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The planet will be improved due to less energy and therefore lowered carbon production, less water use in yards, greater use of native plant species in yards, and less runoff pollution from yards. ...

146

Bridging gaps in discovery and development: chemical and biological sciences for affordable health, wellness and sustainability.  

PubMed

To commemorate 2011 as the International Year of Chemistry, the Indian Society of Chemists and Biologists organized its 15th International Conference on 'Bridging Gaps in Discovery and Development: Chemical and Biological Sciences for Affordable Health, Wellness and Sustainability' at Hotel Grand Bhagwati, in association with Saurashtra University, Rajkot, India. Anamik Shah, President of the Indian Society of Chemists and Biologists, was organizing secretary of the conference. Nicole Moreau, President of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and Secretary General of the Comité National de la Chimie, National Centre for Scientific Research France, was chief guest of the function. The four-day scientific program included 52 plenary lectures, 24 invited lectures by eminent scientists in the field and 12 oral presentations. A total of 317 posters were presented by young scientists and PhD students in three different poster sessions. Approximately 750 delegates from India, the USA, UK, France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Belgium, Sweden, Japan and other countries attended the conference. The majority of the speakers gave presentations related to their current projects and areas of interest and many of the talks covered synthesis, structure-activity relationships, current trends in medicinal chemistry and drug research. PMID:21644823

Chauhan, Prem Man Singh

2011-05-01

147

Developing hybrid near-space technologies for affordable access to suborbital space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High power rockets and high altitude balloons are two near-space technologies that could be combined in order to provide access to the mesosphere and, eventually, suborbital space. This "rockoon" technology has been used by several large budget space programs before being abandoned in favor of even more expensive, albeit more accurate, ground launch systems. With the increased development of nano-satellites and atmospheric sensors, combined with rising interest in global atmospheric data, there is an increase in desire for affordable access to extreme altitudes that does not necessarily require the precision of ground launches. Development of hybrid near-space technologies for access to over 200k ft. on a small budget brings many challenges within engineering, systems integration, cost analysis, market analysis, and business planning. This research includes the design and simulation testing of all the systems needed for a safe and reusable launch system, the cost analysis for initial production, the development of a business plan, and the development of a marketing plan. This project has both engineering and scientific significance in that it can prove the space readiness of new technologies, raise their technology readiness levels (TRLs), expedite the development process, and also provide new data to the scientific community. It also has the ability to stimulate university involvement in the aerospace industry and help to inspire the next generation of workers in the space sector. Previous development of high altitude balloon/high power rocket hybrid systems have been undertaken by government funded military programs or large aerospace corporations with varying degrees of success. However, there has yet to be a successful flight with this type of system which provides access to the upper mesosphere in a university setting. This project will aim to design and analyze a viable system while testing the engineering process under challenging budgetary constraints. The technical, engineering, and systems integration challenges that will be investigated are rocket design, launch platform design, communications, ignition systems, recovery systems, and stabilization methods. This will be done using rocket performance simulation software, computer-aided design software, and computational fluid dynamic analysis software. The business planning is also an important part of this research. Through detailed market analysis, the needs for the proposed product/services being developed will be assessed. Through the combination of detailed cost analysis and the market needs, the economic viability of this launch system will be determined.

Badders, Brian David

148

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...housing development organization. The funds must be...housing development organization, its subsidiary...its subsidiary is the managing general partner...subsidiary must be the managing general partner. In...housing development organization must have...

2010-04-01

149

76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal Year 2009...for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program. This announcement...Office of Rural Housing and Economic Development, Office of Community...

2011-02-18

150

75 FR 38514 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT...Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Challenge Planning Grants and the Department...Transportation's TIGER II Planning Grants Correction...Department of Housing and Urban...

2010-07-02

151

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

2013-02-01

152

A review of the literature informing affordable, available wound management choices for rural areas of tropical developing countries.  

PubMed

Health professionals are often absent in rural areas of tropical developing countries. Current wound management in this environment is costly and largely ineffective. Achieving effective wound management in this setting will require educating the lay health providers who manage wounds in villages. Two extensive literature searches were conducted using CINAHL and Medline with no date, geographic, or language restrictions. The question, "What is the evidence base for topical wound treatments and dressings that are affordable and available in developing countries?" was addressed by critically evaluating all 18 identified clinical studies and reviews. The results suggest that a moist wound environment can be maintained using improvised dressings such as banana leaves, saline-soaked furniture foam, and food wrap, and that these choices are superior to many commercial dressings. Some varieties of honey, papaya pulp, EUSOL, and lubricating jelly are effective, affordable substances for treating and debriding wounds. Papaya pulp can be unsafe if not very closely monitored. No studies addressing the second question, "What are the topical wound management interventions currently being used in rural areas of tropical developing countries?" were found. However, 13 articles that could guide the design of research studies in this field were identified and are reviewed here. This literature describes a wide variety of wound prevention and management methods, some known to be deleterious for healing. These two literature reviews reveal the large gaps in the evidence base on available and affordable wound treatment options for rural patients in developing countries. Future research should address these gaps. PMID:24106254

Benskin, Linda L L

2013-10-01

153

Analyzing the flexibility of inclusionary zoning : should affordable units be built on-site or off-site?  

E-print Network

Inclusionarv zoning (IZ), a strategy first adopted by municipalities in the 1970S to create affordable housing, requires private developers of market-rate residential projects to set-aside a certain percentage of units as ...

Alonso, Rachel (Rachel Margaret)

2012-01-01

154

The affordability of China's residential real estate market and opportunities for property developers  

E-print Network

China has the largest housing market in the world and the property market continues to advance at an astonishing pace. In 2009, 22.2% of China's RMB 19.3 trillion fixed asset investment and 17.9% of foreign direct investment ...

Lam, Terence T. (Terence Ting Yin)

2011-01-01

155

Getting Back on Tract: Developer Housing Re-energized  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problems of the suburban condition have been documented over the past few decades by urban planners and architects alike. However it is clear that demand for car-oriented developments remains high, and expansion of the suburbs with single family houses continues. Given this reality, this thesis focuses on the importance of developing a comprehensive design approach to tract housing that is more responsive to site, more energy efficient and less damaging to the environment. The work builds upon research that is being conducted through the Carleton Research & Innovation in Sustainable Energy Project (C-RISE). In collaboration with Urbandale Developers, C-RISE is studying the potential for making single family houses more energy efficient through passive solar design, building envelope, seasonal storage of solar thermal energy, hybrid passive-active storage of solar thermal energy, and passive and solar cooling. In light of this work, this thesis proposes a series of single family house designs that incorporate the C-RISE energy technologies and also address larger architectural issues around tract house and lot design.

Yeatman, Andrea

156

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2011-04-01

157

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2012-04-01

158

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2013-04-01

159

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2014-04-01

160

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2010-04-01

161

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

...and set forth in its written agreement with the community housing development organization the actual sales prices of the housing or the method by which the sales prices for the housing will be established and whether the proceeds must be...

2014-04-01

162

Housing  

MedlinePLUS

... AIDS.gov Mission and Team • Contact Us • Privacy Policy • Disclaimer Network blog.aids.gov • locator.aids.gov • facing.aids.gov • providertools.aids.gov • HIV/AIDS Service Locator Locator ... & Viewers HHS 508 Privacy Policy White House USA.gov This is an official ...

163

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2010-04-01

164

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Voluntary Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2010-04-01

165

Repellent Plants Provide Affordable Natural Screening to Prevent Mosquito House Entry in Tropical Rural Settings--Results from a Pilot Efficacy Study  

PubMed Central

Sustained malaria control is underway using a combination of vector control, prompt diagnosis and treatment of malaria cases. Progress is excellent, but for long-term control, low-cost, sustainable tools that supplement existing control programs are needed. Conventional vector control tools such as indoor residual spraying and house screening are highly effective, but difficult to deliver in rural areas. Therefore, an additional means of reducing mosquito house entry was evaluated: the screening of mosquito house entry points by planting the tall and densely foliated repellent plant Lantana camara L. around houses. A pilot efficacy study was performed in Kagera Region, Tanzania in an area of high seasonal malaria transmission, where consenting families within the study village planted L. camara (Lantana) around their homes and were responsible for maintaining the plants. Questionnaire data on house design, socioeconomic status, malaria prevention knowledge, attitude and practices was collected from 231 houses with Lantana planted around them 90 houses without repellent plants. Mosquitoes were collected using CDC Light Traps between September 2008 and July 2009. Data were analysed with generalised negative binomial regression, controlling for the effect of sampling period. Indoor catches of mosquitoes in houses with Lantana were compared using the Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) relative to houses without plants in an adjusted analysis. There were 56% fewer Anopheles gambiae s.s. (IRR 0.44, 95% CI 0.28–0.68, p<0.0001); 83% fewer Anopheles funestus s.s. (IRR 0.17, 95% CI 0.09–0.32, p<0.0001), and 50% fewer mosquitoes of any kind (IRR 0.50, 95% CI 0.38–0.67, p<0.0001) in houses with Lantana relative to controls. House screening using Lantana reduced indoor densities of malaria vectors and nuisance mosquitoes with broad community acceptance. Providing sufficient plants for one home costs US $1.50 including maintenance and labour costs, (30 cents per person). L. camara mode of action and suitability for mosquito control is discussed. PMID:22022471

Mng'ong'o, Frank C.; Sambali, Joseph J.; Sabas, Eustachkius; Rubanga, Justine; Magoma, Jaka; Ntamatungiro, Alex J.; Turner, Elizabeth L.; Nyogea, Daniel; Ensink, Jeroen H. J.; Moore, Sarah J.

2011-01-01

166

Housing development for plasma electrode pockel cells. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The ability to produce metal machined products with deep pockets and thin walls is a critical feature of the Kansas City Plant. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories` upgrade of the NOVA Laser in preparation for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) offered the opportunity to exercise and maintain this capability on a limited scope project. Their purpose was to evaluate the feasibility of replacing the current PEPC (plasma electrode pockel cell) housings with aluminum structurally robust housings and associated hardware. When completed, the National Ignition Facility will provide other alternatives for nuclear testing to maintain the enduring stockpile. The NOVA laser is the precursor to this development.

Stubenhofer, R.L.

1995-01-01

167

Housing and urban development research reports  

SciTech Connect

The sixth in a series of documents published by the Department of Housng and Urban Development (HUD) to assist in the formulation of policy decision contains 247 abstracts entered in the HUD USER automated data base during the past six months, bringing the data base total to 3,583 documents. There are 45 subject areas in the main section, with the abstracts in each area arranged alphabetically by title. Each abstract is identified by an order number and is followed by descriptive keywords. Other listings of the documents are alphabetical, numerical, by personal or corporate author, by contract and grant number, and by subject index.

Not Available

1984-01-01

168

New developments concerning the fair employment and housing act  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines the reasons for the California Fair Employment and Housing Act. Considers recent developments in relation to religious organizations, sexual harassment, pregnancy discrimination, racial harassment, disability discrimination and employment discrimination with regard to bank officers. Concludes that there is a need for clearer legislation and only through case law will employers gain further interpretation.

Anna M. Lococo; Brian H. Kleiner

2000-01-01

169

Enabling energy efficiency for low-income housing in Developing countries using MIT Design Advisor  

E-print Network

There is a great need to improve energy efficiency of low-income housing, since people who can afford it least have to pay a significant portion of their income to make their homes more habitable or else live with greater ...

Ali, Zehra (Zehra Hyder)

2009-01-01

170

Repellent Plants Provide Affordable Natural Screening to Prevent Mosquito House Entry in Tropical Rural Settings---Results from a Pilot Efficacy Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustained malaria control is underway using a combination of vector control, prompt diagnosis and treatment of malaria cases. Progress is excellent, but for long-term control, low-cost, sustainable tools that supplement existing control programs are needed. Conventional vector control tools such as indoor residual spraying and house screening are highly effective, but difficult to deliver in rural areas. Therefore, an additional

Frank C. Mng'ong'o; Joseph J. Sambali; Eustachkius Sabas; Justine Rubanga; Jaka Magoma; Alex J. Ntamatungiro; Elizabeth L. Turner; Daniel Nyogea; Jeroen H. J. Ensink; Sarah J. Moore; Clive Shiff

2011-01-01

171

The impact of housing rehabilitation on local neighborhoods: the case of small community development organizations.  

PubMed

Across the nation, nonprofit organizations located in poor and declining neighborhoods are promoting homeownership in the hopes that their efforts will stave off decline and contribute to neighborhood stability. A common homeownership strategy among nonprofits is to acquire boarded-up or deteriorated homes at a low price, rehabilitate them, and then sell them at an affordable price. As these programs continue, nonprofit organizations want to show quantitatively that neighborhood revitalization works—that the funds devoted to an area stabilize neighborhoods or, even more, that they initiate a surge of continued upward progress. But, unlike their larger counterparts, smaller community development organizations are usually at a disadvantage in undertaking such an evaluation. This study will help illustrate what might be done. It focuses on the case of St. Joseph's Carpenter Society (SJCS) in Camden, New Jersey and assesses the quantitative impact that SJCS has on its target neighborhoods. A three-tiered approach is adopted that ranges from a target and comparison area analysis, to regression analysis of SJCS's impact on local housing prices, and finally to an examination of the relative market performance of SJCS's houses. All told, the analysis suggests that SJCS's rehabilitation and homeownership education activities appear to have a positive influence on the neighborhoods in its target area. PMID:21322894

Smith, Marvin M; Hevener, Christy Chung

2011-01-01

172

The development of low volatile organic compound emission house—a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An aim in developing low volatile organic compound (VOCs) emission house is to reduce the level of VOCs in domestic housing. In this study, a case study for the reduction of exposure to VOCs from a newly constructed residential house was presented. Before application, the construction materials used in the house were tested in an environmental chamber and low VOC

H. Guo; F. Murray; S. C. Lee

2003-01-01

173

MENTAL HEALTH AND HOUSING RESEARCH: HOUSING NEEDS AND SUSTAINABLE INDEPENDENT LIVING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research to quantify the extent of independent housing need and homelessness and transience among people who experience mental illness, undertaken by the Ministry of Social Development, was commissioned as part of an interdepartmental work programme established by the Ad Hoc Committee on Mental Health in April 2000. Questions of affordability, adequacy and sustainability of housing form the core of the

Robin Peace; Susan Kell

174

Factors related to rapidity of housing placement in Housing and Urban Development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing program of 1990s.  

PubMed

The Housing and Urban Development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program is the largest supported housing program in the country for homeless veterans who are seeking rapid entry into permanent independent housing. This study examined factors related to how rapidly clients were housed in the early years of the program and how long they stayed in the program. Mental health, substance abuse, work/income, criminal history, and site were examined as predictors of process times. Regression analyses based on 627 HUD-VASH clients who entered the program between 1992 and 2003 showed that client characteristics were not rate-limiting factors for obtaining HUD-VASH housing; i.e., clients who had greater substance abuse problems or more extensive criminal histories did not take longer to obtain housing. The large differences associated with site of entry partly reflected a curvilinear relationship between the duration of operation of the HUD-VASH program and process times; i.e., at relatively younger and older programs, clients entered housing slightly faster than at programs in the middle range. Lastly, HUD-VASH clients whose case managers reported good therapeutic alliances stayed in the program longer. These findings have implications for the continued expansion of the HUD-VASH program. PMID:21938662

Tsai, Jack; O'Connell, Maria; Kasprow, Wesley J; Rosenheck, Robert A

2011-01-01

175

77 FR 22599 - Department of Housing and Urban Development Summary of Public Comments, Response to Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5580-N-03] Department of Housing and Urban Development Summary of Public Comments...Communities, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh Street SW...recommendations for an enterprise geospatial architecture for HUD. In recent years, HUD has...

2012-04-16

176

Recycling in public housing: The Syracuse Housing Authority  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Syracuse Housing Authority (SHA, Syracuse, N.Y.) is to provide clean, safe, and affordable housing for low-income citizens of the city of Syracuse. In doing so, it has worked to be innovative. SHA owns and manages 12 federally funded housing developments and one New York state-funded project, in addition to managing two buildings owned by the city. After nearly 60 years of success in providing affordable housing in the Syracuse area, the pioneering SHA took on another daunting mission in the 1990s: modernization of waste collection and recycling. By the beginning of 1990, SHA was facing two mandates: to initiate a recycling program by July 1, as mandated by Onondaga County law, and to reduce its trash bill significantly.

Foote, K.C. [Onondaga Country Resource Recovery Agency, North Syracuse, NY (United States); DeVoe, J.F. [Syracuse Housing Agency, NY (United States)

1997-01-01

177

24 CFR 401.408 - Affordability and use restrictions required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOUSING MORTGAGE AND HOUSING ASSISTANCE RESTRUCTURING PROGRAM (MARK-TO-MARKET) Restructuring Plan § 401.408 Affordability...including those having the right of enforcement. The owner must post prominently on project property notice of any modifications...

2010-04-01

178

Propulsion Health Management System Development for Affordable and Reliable Operation of Space Exploration Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The constraints of future Exploration Missions will require unique integrated system health management capabilities throughout the mission. An ambitious launch schedule, human-rating requirements, long quiescent periods, limited human access for repair or replacement, and long communication delays, all require an integrated approach to health management that can span distinct, yet interdependent vehicle subsystems, anticipate failure states, provide autonomous remediation and support the Exploration Mission from beginning to end. Propulsion is a critical part of any space exploration mission, and monitoring the health of the propulsion system is an integral part of assuring mission safety and success. Health management is a somewhat ubiquitous technology that encompasses a large spectrum of physical components and logical processes. For this reason, it is essential to develop a systematic plan for propulsion health management system development. This paper provides a high-level perspective of propulsion health management systems, and describes a logical approach for the future planning and early development that are crucial to planned space exploration programs. It also presents an overall approach, or roadmap, for propulsion health management system development and a discussion of the associated roadblocks and challenges.

Melcher, Kevin J.; Maul, William A.; Garg, Sanjay

2007-01-01

179

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON HAPTICS, MANUSCRIPT ID 1 Design and Development of an Affordable  

E-print Network

Lesson 1: Game therapy with low-cost systems can reduce motor impairment. Palanca was an early-haptic-mechatronic systems, nursing homes and adult daycare centers can benefit from the use of robot therapy systems outcomes. Past examples of low-cost therapy systems highlight lessons learned that inform the development

Nagurka, Mark L.

180

Emergences and Affordances as Opportunities to Develop Teachers' Mathematical Content Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' mathematical content knowledge has been under scrutiny for some time. This development is in the wake of learners' unsatisfactory performance in national examinations and international achievement tests. A widely held belief is that one, if not the most important, of the efforts to improve and enhance the performance and…

Julie, Cyril

2014-01-01

181

Air pollution control system research: An iterative approach to developing affordable systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) funded project led jointly by the Marine Corps Multi-Commodity Maintenance Centers, and the Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory (AEERL) of the USEPA. The research focuses on paint booth exhaust minimization using recirculation, and on volatile organic compound (VOC) oxidation by the modules of a hybrid air pollution control system. The research team is applying bench, pilot and full scale systems to accomplish the goals of reduced cost and improved effectiveness of air treatment systems for paint booth exhaust.

Watt, Lewis C.; Cannon, Fred S.; Heinsohn, Robert J.; Spaeder, Timothy A.

1995-01-01

182

A Study of Certain Aspects of the South Dakota Housing Development Authority Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effectiveness of the South Dakota Housing Development Authority (SDHDA) in increasing the supply of mortgage money and new housing construction in the state is examined. The report focuses on the Single Family Home Ownership program and its impact on ...

R. J. Brown

1979-01-01

183

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2010-04-01

184

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2013-04-01

185

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2014-04-01

186

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2012-04-01

187

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2011-04-01

188

Development of an affordable system for 2D kinematics and dynamics analysis of human gait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Development of a low-cost, yet reliable, system for 2D gait analysis is presented in this paper. The system consists of a home video camera with speed of 25 fps, LED markers, PC and a technical computing software, which are used for capturing and processing the digital image of markers attached to human body during motion. In the experiments, a person is instructed to walk in a specially arranged measurement area. The recorded images are then digitally processed to detect and track the 2D coordinate of the markers over time. To conduct a dynamics analysis, a mathematical formulation for human motion is constructed where the body is modeled by a system of five rigid bars connected by joints. Finally, a program is developed to plot and calculate the kinematics and dynamics data of human gait, where the markers position data over time, and other variables such as dimensions and weight of the body are used as the input in the program.

Mahyuddin, A. I.; Mihradi, S.; Dirgantara, T.; Sukmajaya, A.; Juliyad, N.; Purba, U.

2010-03-01

189

Development of an affordable system for 2D kinematics and dynamics analysis of human gait  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Development of a low-cost, yet reliable, system for 2D gait analysis is presented in this paper. The system consists of a home video camera with speed of 25 fps, LED markers, PC and a technical computing software, which are used for capturing and processing the digital image of markers attached to human body during motion. In the experiments, a person is instructed to walk in a specially arranged measurement area. The recorded images are then digitally processed to detect and track the 2D coordinate of the markers over time. To conduct a dynamics analysis, a mathematical formulation for human motion is constructed where the body is modeled by a system of five rigid bars connected by joints. Finally, a program is developed to plot and calculate the kinematics and dynamics data of human gait, where the markers position data over time, and other variables such as dimensions and weight of the body are used as the input in the program.

Mahyuddin, A. I.; Mihradi, S.; Dirgantara, T.; Sukmajaya, A.; Juliyad, N.; Purba, U.

2009-12-01

190

Solarization/conservation technology development for existing housing. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

The project objectives are: to develop a method for evaluationg existing residences for their energy solarization/conservation potential as well as carrying out the solarization/conservation work within context of the Community Development program; and to demonstrate appropriate methods of utilizing solar energy in existing Ann Arbor residences beyond that obtainable in a good conservation program. A general progress update is presented covering tasks related to community solarization/conservation characteristics and community system analysis and development. The process of selection and technical evaluation of houses for solarization/conservation project directed retrofit is described. A detailed report on the survey of utility data and a report on the solarization/conservation site audits are included. A detailed comparison of the audit data for both the audit and control group are appended. (LEW)

Oberdick, W.

1981-06-01

191

Solarization/conservation technology development for existing housing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The project objectives were to develop a method for evaluating existing residences for their energy solarization/conservation potential as well as carrying out the solarization/conservation work within context of the Community Development program; and to demonstrate appropriate methods of utilizing solar energy in existing Ann Arbor residences beyond that obtainable in a good conservation program. A general progress update is presented covering tasks related to community solarization/conservation characteristics and community system analysis and development. The process of selection and technical evaluation of houses for solarization/conservation project directed retrofit is described. A detailed report on the survey of utility data and a report on the solarization/conservation site audits are included. A detailed comparison of the audit data for both the audit and control group are appended.

Oberdick, W.

1981-06-01

192

Development of heterodont dentition in house shrew (Suncus murinus).  

PubMed

Mammalian heterodont dentition comprises incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. Although there has been intensive research, the patterning of these specific tooth types has not yet been elucidated. In order for the gene expression data to be linked with tooth type determination, it is first necessary to determine precisely the incisor-, canine-, premolar-, and molar-forming regions in the jaw primordia. To accomplish this, we studied dentition development in the house shrew (Suncus murinus), which has retained all the tooth types, using three-dimensional reconstructions from serial histological sections and the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) expression patterns. Before the appearance of morphological signs of odontogenesis, Shh expression localized to the presumptive tooth-forming regions, in which the mesial and distal expression domains corresponded to the incisor- and premolar-forming regions, respectively. The upper incisor region was found to extend across the boundary between the frontonasal and the maxillary processes. The canine-forming regions later appeared in the intermediate portions of the maxillary and the mandibular processes. The molar-forming regions later appeared distal to the initially demarcated tooth-forming regions by secondary extension of the distal ends. The demarcation visualized by the Shh expression pattern in the jaw primordia of the house shrew probably represents the basic developmental pattern of mammalian heterodont dentition. PMID:18028049

Yamanaka, Atsushi; Yasui, Kinya; Sonomura, Takahiro; Uemura, Masanori

2007-12-01

193

Affordable Solar Energy Solar Powder is a solar-energy company that has developed an innovative technology that will set a new  

E-print Network

Affordable Solar Energy Solar Powder is a solar-energy company that has developed an innovative technology that will set a new low cost point for solar energy. The company plans to manufacture and distribute high-efficiency, high yield, low cost solar panels. The company is making green energy more

Jawitz, James W.

194

PATH: A Public-Private Partnership for Advancing Housing Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It is no secret that residential housing construction is one of the most important sectors of the US economy. With this in mind, the federal government, in cooperation with the private housing sector and related industries, established PATH in 1998 in order to "accelerate the development and use of technologies that radically improve the quality, durability, energy efficiency, environmental performance, and affordability of America's housing." To achieve this mission, PATH makes a concerted effort to disseminate information about new and existing housing technologies, and to studying mechanisms for sustained housing technology development. The PATH Web site contains information about demonstration housing projects and developments in different states, along with an online library organized around different themes, such as fire protection, quality, affordability, disaster risk, and energy efficiency and environmental impact. Along with the papers and informational booklets available for perusal and download, the site also contains information organized for different users, such as builders, researchers, homeowners, and building officials.

195

Silver bullet or trojan horse? The effects of inclusionary zoning on local housing markets in the United States.  

PubMed

Many local governments are adopting inclusionary zoning (IZ) as a means of producing affordable housing without direct public subsidies. In this paper, panel data on IZ in the San Francisco metropolitan area and suburban Boston are used to analyse how much affordable housing the programmes produce and how IZ affects the prices and production of market-rate housing. The amount of affordable housing produced under IZ has been modest and depends primarily on how long IZ has been in place. Results from suburban Boston suggest that IZ has contributed to increased housing prices and lower rates of production during periods of regional house price appreciation. In the San Francisco area, IZ also appears to increase housing prices in times of regional price appreciation, but to decrease prices during cooler regional markets. There is no evidence of a statistically significant effect of IZ on new housing development in the Bay Area. PMID:21275196

Schuetz, Jenny; Meltzer, Rachel; Been, Vicki

2011-01-01

196

House Poor in Los Angeles: Examining Patterns of Housing-Induced Poverty by Race, Nativity, and Legal Status*  

PubMed Central

Housing affordability in the United States is generally operationalized using the ratio approach, with those allocating more than thirty percent of income to shelter costs considered to have housing affordability challenges. Alternative standards have been developed that focus on residual income, whether income remaining after housing expenditures is sufficient to meet non-housing needs. This study employs Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey data to consider racial/ethnic, nativity and legal status differences in one residual income standard. Logistic regression analyses of housing-induced poverty focus on whether there are differences among five distinct groups: U.S.born Latinos, Non-Hispanic Whites, and African Americans, authorized Latino immigrants, and unauthorized Latino immigrants. Results suggest that: 1) Latino natives are significantly more likely to be in housing-induced poverty than African Americans and Latino immigrants, and 2) unauthorized Latino immigrants are not more likely to experience the outcome than other groups. The present work extends previous research. First, the results provide additional evidence of the value of operationalizing housing affordability using a residual income standard. Alternatives to the ratio approach deserve more empirical attention from a wider range of scholars and policymakers interested in housing affordability. Second, housing scholarship to date generally differentiates among Latinos by ethnicity, nativity, and citizenship. The present study contributes to emerging research investigating heterogeneity among Latinos by nativity and legal status. PMID:23585711

McConnell, Eileen Diaz

2013-01-01

197

House Poor in Los Angeles: Examining Patterns of Housing-Induced Poverty by Race, Nativity, and Legal Status.  

PubMed

Housing affordability in the United States is generally operationalized using the ratio approach, with those allocating more than thirty percent of income to shelter costs considered to have housing affordability challenges. Alternative standards have been developed that focus on residual income, whether income remaining after housing expenditures is sufficient to meet non-housing needs. This study employs Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey data to consider racial/ethnic, nativity and legal status differences in one residual income standard. Logistic regression analyses of housing-induced poverty focus on whether there are differences among five distinct groups: U.S.born Latinos, Non-Hispanic Whites, and African Americans, authorized Latino immigrants, and unauthorized Latino immigrants. Results suggest that: 1) Latino natives are significantly more likely to be in housing-induced poverty than African Americans and Latino immigrants, and 2) unauthorized Latino immigrants are not more likely to experience the outcome than other groups. The present work extends previous research. First, the results provide additional evidence of the value of operationalizing housing affordability using a residual income standard. Alternatives to the ratio approach deserve more empirical attention from a wider range of scholars and policymakers interested in housing affordability. Second, housing scholarship to date generally differentiates among Latinos by ethnicity, nativity, and citizenship. The present study contributes to emerging research investigating heterogeneity among Latinos by nativity and legal status. PMID:23585711

McConnell, Eileen Diaz

2012-09-01

198

Strategies to develop and preserve affordable housing along the Green Line extension for the Somerville Community Corporation  

E-print Network

This thesis explores the history and mission of the Somerville Community Corporation (SCC) within the context of the City of Somerville, and the factors that have contributed to its successes and failures in the past, ...

Gorewitz, Cali

2008-01-01

199

Computer Programs for Predicting Private Development of Student Housing Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low cost as well as timely statistics are required of University policy planning decisions regarding student housing. Since a data bank already existed at the University of Wisconsin, a study of student housing needs could readily be undertaken by means of a computer. The study defines the status of the existing supply and demand in student…

Graaskamp, James A.

200

ADVANCED WASTE TREATMENT FOR HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Treatment of wastewater from a subdivision in a physical-chemical treatment plant (screening, chemical coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, carbon adsorption, chlorination) was evaluated. The 190 cu m/day (50,000 gal/day) plant was housed in the shell of a standard house on a ...

201

Low-income housing : alternative strategies for building construction and project control  

E-print Network

Housing low-income groups, who cannot afford even the most minimal shelter, remains a dominant issue in most developing countries. However, all the solutions advanced so far depend on large investments, either by the ...

Sultan, Javed

1982-01-01

202

Get Affordable Health Care  

MedlinePLUS

... icio.us Digg Facebook Google Bookmarks Get Affordable Health Care The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) is ... and other care facilities to help people get health care they can afford. Health Centers Health centers provide ...

203

HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items  

E-print Network

HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items June 23, 2008 Last week the House Energy and Water Development Subcommittee completed its action on their version of the FY09 Energy and Water Development bill. The draft report language is below. The full

204

Authentication System for Electrical Charging of Electrical Vehicles in the Housing Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently the smart grid has been a hot issue in the research area. The Electric Vehicle (EV) is the most important component in the Smart Grid, having a role of the battery component with high capacity. We have thought how to introduce the EV in the housing development, and for proper operation of the smart grid systems in the housing area the authentication system is essential for the individual houses. We propose an authentication system to discriminate an individual houses, so that the account management component can appropriately operate the electrical charging and billing in the housing estate. The proposed system has an architecture to integrate the charging system outside a house and the monitoring system inside a house.

Song, Wang-Cheol

205

Affordable Housing for Artists: A Sustainable Prototype  

E-print Network

will also be encouraged to use sustainable practices in their work. For example, photographers are encouraged to use digital cameras, high-end scanners, energy efficient computers with recycled parts, and software such as Photoshop to produce... their In my design, each artist will have a private studio in their residence which will allow space for painting, drawing, sculpture, ceramics, and digital media. A community studio building is for artists who enjoy working together, for critiques...

Ness, M.

1998-01-01

206

Development and validation of the AHEMD-SR (Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development-Self Report)  

E-print Network

A contemporary view of early childhood motor development considers environmental influences as critical factors in optimal growth and behavior, with the home being the primary agent. However, minimal research exists examining the relationship...

Lopes Brandao Areosa Rodrigues, Luis Paulo

2005-08-29

207

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works, the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, collaborated to conduc...

B. Peeks, T. Hewes

2013-01-01

208

Indoor nitrogen dioxide in five Chattangooga, Tennessee public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes an indoor nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}) sampling study conducted during January through March of 1987 in five Chattanooga public housing developments. The origins of this study date to the summer of 1983 when the Piney Woods Community Organization (a citizens action group) expressed concern about toxic industrial air pollution and the effects it might have on their community. In response to these concerns, the Chattanooga-Hamilton County Air Pollution Control Bureau (Bureau) requested assistance from the Tennessee Department of Health and Environment (TDHE) in conducting a community health survey and assistance from the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in conducting a community air quality measurement program. The TDHE community health study did not find any significant differences between the mortality statistics for the Piney Woods community and a demographically similar control group. However, a health survey revealed that Piney Woods residents did not have a statistically significant higher self-reported prevalence of cough, wheezing, phlegm, breathlessness, colds, and respiratory illness.

Parkhurst, W.J.; Harper, J.P. (Tennessee Valley Authority (US)); Spengler, J.D.; Fraumeni, L.P.; Majahad, A.M. (Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA (US)); Cropp, J.W. (Chattanooga-Hamilton County Air Pollution Control Bureau, Chattanooga, TN (US))

1988-01-01

209

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE HOUSING MARKET IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE HOUSING MARKET IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Lucija Muehlenbachs © notice, is given to the source. #12;The Housing Market Impacts of Shale Gas Development Lucija to control for confounding factors, we recover hedonic estimates of property value impacts from shale gas

Habib, Ayman

210

Jobs-housing balance, transit-oriented development, and commute time: Integrating  

E-print Network

of transportation, specifically looking at the inter- section of GIS with a related technology, GPS. This chapter-housing balance and transit-oriented development--and also looks at how GPS technology can be used along with GISJobs-housing balance, transit-oriented development, and commute time: Integrating GIS and GPS 6

Qiu, Weigang

211

Development Controls for Mobile-Component Housing: A Ten-Year Review of the Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents in summary form court cases and legislation concerning development control of mobile - component housing (M - C H) reported from 1970 to 1980. M - C H refers to that form of housing built to the Federal Mobile Home Construction and Saf...

T. E. Nutt-Powell, M. Furlong

1980-01-01

212

Low-Income Housing and Community Development Activities of the Federal Home Loan Bank System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) is required by law to monitor and report annually to the advisory councils of the 12 Federal Home Loan Banks (FHLBanks) on the support of low-income housing and community development and the use of FHLBank member ...

2010-01-01

213

Surge arresters in composite housings - new developments and long term experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the development of surge arresters in composite housings and their use in practical applications for over 15 years, as well as additional information on the latest results of continuous R&D-activities. The design of the housing has been adapted to the arrester's characteristics, particularly with respect to the pressure relief capability, which is extremely important.

Lars Klingbeil; Ulrich Bauch

2008-01-01

214

The Effects of Low Income Housing Tax Credit Developments on Neighborhoods  

PubMed Central

This paper evaluates the impacts of new housing developments funded with the Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), the largest federal project based housing program in the U.S., on the neighborhoods in which they are built. A discontinuity in the formula determining the magnitude of tax credits as a function of neighborhood characteristics generates pseudo-random assignment in the number of low income housing units built in similar sets of census tracts. Tracts where projects are awarded 30 percent higher tax credits receive approximately six more low income housing units on a base of seven units per tract. These additional new low income developments cause homeowner turnover to rise, raise property values in declining areas and reduce incomes in gentrifying areas in neighborhoods near the 30th percentile of the income distribution. LIHTC units significantly crowd out nearby new rental construction in gentrifying areas but do not displace new construction in stable or declining areas. PMID:24235779

Baum-Snow, Nathaniel; Marion, Justin

2013-01-01

215

Code of Federal Regulations. Housing and Urban Development. Title 24, Parts 0 to 199. (Revised as of April 1, 1997).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: Explanation; Title 24: Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development; Subtitle B--Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development; Chapter I--Office of Assistant Secretary for Equal Opportunity, ...

1997-01-01

216

The Affordable Hypothesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study introduces the Affordable Hypothesis, an idea suggesting that whites can afford to harbor violent beliefs in interpersonal and criminal justice system situations because of their generally vicarious involvement in such violence. Conversely, blacks do not foster violent beliefs (contrary to the black subculture of violence thesis) because their relationship with such violence is substantially more real based on

Matt DeLisi

2001-01-01

217

Rental Housing Assistance: The Worsening Crisis: A Report to Congress on Worst Case Housing Needs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) released at the end of March a report to Congress on what it terms "the worsening crisis" in affordable rental housing. Surprisingly, in a period of unparalleled economic growth, the housing affordability crisis facing very-low-income renters continues to deepen as a record high 5.4 million renter households are "experiencing worst case needs for housing assistance." The number of available units is down while the number of working families and minority families affected is up. The report includes 28 "exhibits" (charts, graphs, and accompanying analysis) documenting the data as well as the text of the report itself, which offers an introduction, findings, policy implicationsand four appendices of data and analysis.

218

Housing and Health: Time Again for Public Health Action  

PubMed Central

Poor housing conditions are associated with a wide range of health conditions, including respiratory infections, asthma, lead poisoning, injuries, and mental health. Addressing housing issues offers public health practitioners an opportunity to address an important social determinant of health. Public health has long been involved in housing issues. In the 19th century, health officials targeted poor sanitation, crowding, and inadequate ventilation to reduce infectious diseases as well as fire hazards to decrease injuries. Today, public health departments can employ multiple strategies to improve housing, such as developing and enforcing housing guidelines and codes, implementing “Healthy Homes” programs to improve indoor environmental quality, assessing housing conditions, and advocating for healthy, affordable housing. Now is the time for public health to create healthier homes by confronting substandard housing. PMID:11988443

Krieger, James; Higgins, Donna L.

2002-01-01

219

The Influence of Affordability in Strategic Enrollment Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In state houses around the country, one of the common higher education themes is affordability. As tuition costs have increased at rates exceeding that of inflation, students and families have pressed their legislative representatives to examine these increases. Affordability is a term used by various constituent groups, and its definition varies…

Pugh, Susan L.; Thompson, Roger J.

2008-01-01

220

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

...by HUD. (b) Nondiscrimination against rental assistance subsidy holders. The Awardee shall require that the owner of...available decennial Census. This definition includes: (A) Wages, salaries, tips, commissions, etc.; (B)...

2014-01-01

221

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...by HUD. (b) Nondiscrimination against rental assistance subsidy holders. The Awardee shall require that the owner of...available decennial Census. This definition includes: (A) Wages, salaries, tips, commissions, etc.; (B)...

2012-01-01

222

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...by HUD. (b) Nondiscrimination against rental assistance subsidy holders. The Awardee shall require that the owner of...available decennial Census. This definition includes: (A) Wages, salaries, tips, commissions, etc.; (B)...

2011-01-01

223

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...by HUD. (b) Nondiscrimination against rental assistance subsidy holders. The Awardee shall require that the owner of...available decennial Census. This definition includes: (A) Wages, salaries, tips, commissions, etc.; (B)...

2013-01-01

224

An evaluation of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work voucher program  

E-print Network

Since implementation nearly 10 years ago there has been limited research into the outcomes of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work rental subsidy program. The Congressionally ...

Mahdavi, Pedram

2009-01-01

225

The Low-Income Housing Program in the Louisiana and Mississippi Gulf Opportunity Zones  

E-print Network

of the damaged or destroyed units likely affected the affordable housing market. The lack of rental housing increased rental prices in both states after the storm,33 creating an even deeper affordable housing need... of the damaged or destroyed units likely affected the affordable housing market. The lack of rental housing increased rental prices in both states after the storm,33 creating an even deeper affordable housing need...

Christman, Casey; Johnson, David; Rho, Eunju; Stein, Eric; Taylor, Beth

2008-01-01

226

DOE-HUD Initiative on Energy Efficiency in Housing: A federal partnership. Program summary report  

SciTech Connect

One of the primary goals of the US Department of Housing and urban Development (HUD) is the expansion of home ownership and affordable housing opportunities. Recognizing that energy efficiency is a key component in an affordable housing strategy, HUD and the US Department of Energy (DOE) created the DOE-HUD Initiative on Energy Efficiency in Housing. The DOE-HUD Initiative was designed to share the results of DOE research with housing providers throughout the nation, to reduce energy costs in federally-subsidized dwelling units and improve their affordability and comfort. This Program Summary Report provides an overview of the DOE-HUD Initiative and detailed project descriptions of the twenty-seven projects carried out with Initiative funding.

Brinch, J. [Energetics, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States)

1996-06-01

227

The impact of social housing developments on nearby property prices: A Nelson Mandela Bay Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social housing projects often face substantial “Not-in-my-backyard†(NIMBY) sentiment and as a result are frequently plagued by local opposition from communities who argue that nearby property prices will be affected adversely by these developments. International hedonic pricing studies conducted have, however, produced mixed results with some concluding that social housing developments may in fact lead to an improvement in surrounding

M. Du Preez; M. C. Sale

2011-01-01

228

The Quadruple Bottom Line and Nonprofit Housing Organizations in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work of US nonprofit housing organizations can be viewed as involving a commitment to meet the Quadruple Bottom Line—the financial demands of developing and maintaining affordable housing while serving resident groups and neighborhoods, in an environmentally responsible manner. Nonprofit organizations may be categorized into three major groups, based on their primary areas of concern—‘people’, ‘places’ and ‘projects’. This article

Rachel G. Bratt

2012-01-01

229

Revisiting Influences on Tumor Development: Focusing on Laboratory Housing  

PubMed Central

Spontaneous tumors are reported to occur in 45% to 71% of Sprague-Dawley rats, yet few studies have considered the effect of the sedentary condition of standard laboratory cages on tumorigenesis. Tumor profiles and tumor promoting hormone prolactin were compared in female Sprague-Dawley rats (108) that were allocated into 3 groups: those housed without outside activity (SED group), with twice-weekly 1-h sessions of physical activity in large box (PA group), and with regular voluntary running-wheel exercise (EX). Compared with the EX group, SED rats had more and larger tumors throughout most of their lifespan; tumor profiles of PA rats were similar to those of the SED group. A larger percentage of animals in the SED group had tumors (54%), compared with EX rats (38%). At 64 wk, tumors in SED animals included thyroid carcinoma, malignancy, mammary fibroadenoma, cystadenoma, and granuloma, whereas benign mammary gland cysts were most common in EX. Prolactin levels were highest in SED animals at 24 and 52 wk. In conclusion, increased tumor number, increased tumor size, type of spontaneous tumor, and increased prolactin in rats were associated with standard laboratory housing, which limited physical activity, and were not primarily due to aging. PMID:19476713

Alessio, Helaine M; Schweitzer, Natalie B; Snedden, Angela M; Callahan, Phyllis; Hagerman, Ann E

2009-01-01

230

Upgrade energy building standards and develop rating system for existing low-income housing  

SciTech Connect

The city of Memphis Division of Housing and Community Development (HCD) receives grant funding each year from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to provide local housing assistance to low-income residents. Through the years, HCD has found that many of the program recipients have had difficulty in managing their households, particularly in meeting monthly financial obligations. One of the major operating costs to low-income households is the utility bill. Furthermore, HCD`s experience has revealed that many low-income residents are simply unaware of ways to reduce their utility bill. Most of the HCD funds are distributed to low-income persons as grants or no/low interest loans for the construction or rehabilitation of single-family dwellings. With these funds, HCD builds 80 to 100 new houses and renovates about 500 homes each year. Houses constructed or renovated by HCD must meet HUD`s minimum energy efficiency standards. While these minimum standards are more than adequate to meet local building codes, they are not as aggressive as the energy efficiency standards being promoted by the national utility organizations and the home building industry. Memphis Light, Gas and Water (MLGW), a city-owned utility, has developed an award-winning program named Comfort Plus which promotes energy efficiency{open_quote} in new residential construction. Under Comfort Plus, MLGW models house plans on computer for a fee and recommends cost-effective alterations which improve the energy efficiency of the house. If the builder agrees to include these recommendations, MLGW will certify the house and guarantee a maximum annual heating/cooling bill for two years. While the Comfort Plus program has received recognition in the new construction market, it does not address the existing housing stock.

Muller, D.; Norville, C. [Memphis and Shelby County Div. of Planning and Development, TN (United States)

1993-07-01

231

Edition One, July 2009 Welcome to HOUSES!  

E-print Network

, interpretation and analysis of the residential property market: Editorial ­ page 4 We all know that house prices-out might affect activity in the housing market for some time to come. Prices - page 10 Find out what's happening to house prices both nationally and regionally. Affordability - page 15 Can households afford

Evans, Paul

232

Housing Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Understanding the variegated terrain of local and state housing policies is key for urban planners, geographers, and others with an interest in the built environment and public policy. This site was created by the Center for Housing Policy (the research affiliate of the National Housing Conference) in order to provide information for "expanding the availability of homes for working families and others in your community." The site was launched in 2008, and includes sections such as Toolbox, Building a Strategy, and Forum. The Getting Started area provides answers to basic questions such as "What is 'affordable housing'?" and "What is 'subsidized housing'?" Moving on, the Toolbox area includes documents and summaries on specific policy tools designed for a variety of reasons, from meeting the housing needs of older adults to improving residential energy efficiency. Visitors won't want to miss the Building a Strategy area. Here they will find information about how to create a successful housing strategy that will provide residential units for a range of community members.

2012-04-20

233

24 CFR 1006.205 - Development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...3) Financing acquisition of affordable housing by homebuyers...assistance (4) New construction of affordable housing; (5) Reconstruction of affordable housing; (6...including recreational areas and playgrounds for use by residents of...

2013-04-01

234

24 CFR 1006.205 - Development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...3) Financing acquisition of affordable housing by homebuyers...assistance (4) New construction of affordable housing; (5) Reconstruction of affordable housing; (6...including recreational areas and playgrounds for use by residents of...

2011-04-01

235

24 CFR 1006.205 - Development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...3) Financing acquisition of affordable housing by homebuyers...assistance (4) New construction of affordable housing; (5) Reconstruction of affordable housing; (6...including recreational areas and playgrounds for use by residents of...

2012-04-01

236

24 CFR 1006.205 - Development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...3) Financing acquisition of affordable housing by homebuyers...assistance (4) New construction of affordable housing; (5) Reconstruction of affordable housing; (6...including recreational areas and playgrounds for use by residents of...

2010-04-01

237

24 CFR 1006.205 - Development.  

...3) Financing acquisition of affordable housing by homebuyers...assistance (4) New construction of affordable housing; (5) Reconstruction of affordable housing; (6...including recreational areas and playgrounds for use by residents of...

2014-04-01

238

Authentication System for Electrical Charging of Electrical Vehicles in the Housing Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Recently the smart grid has been a hot issue in the research area. The Electric Vehicle (EV) is the most important component\\u000a in the Smart Grid, having a role of the battery component with high capacity. We have thought how to introduce the EV in the\\u000a housing development, and for proper operation of the smart grid systems in the housing

Wang-Cheol Song

2010-01-01

239

The Special Challenges of Offering Employment Programs in Culturally Diverse Communities: The Jobs-Plus Experience in Public Housing Developments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immigration has made public housing populations increasingly diverse, a challenge met by administrators and staff at two housing developments participating in the Jobs-Plus Community Revitalization Initiative for Public Housing Families. Immigrants and refugees from Southeast Asia, East Africa, and Latin America have settled beside native-born…

Kato, Linda Yuriko

240

Affordability Approaches for Human Space Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design and development of historical NASA Programs (Apollo, Shuttle and International Space Station), have been based on pre-agreed missions which included specific pre-defined destinations (e.g., the Moon and low Earth orbit). Due to more constrained budget profiles, and the desire to have a more flexible architecture for Mission capture as it is affordable, NASA is working toward a set of Programs that are capability based, rather than mission and/or destination specific. This means designing for a performance capability that can be applied to a specific human exploration mission/destination later (sometime years later). This approach does support developing systems to flatter budgets over time, however, it also poses the challenge of how to accomplish this effectively while maintaining a trained workforce, extensive manufacturing, test and launch facilities, and ensuring mission success ranging from Low Earth Orbit to asteroid destinations. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in support of Exploration Systems Directorate (ESD) in Washington, DC has been developing approaches to track affordability across multiple Programs. The first step is to ensure a common definition of affordability: the discipline to bear cost in meeting a budget with margin over the life of the program. The second step is to infuse responsibility and accountability for affordability into all levels of the implementing organization since affordability is no single person s job; it is everyone s job. The third step is to use existing data to identify common affordability elements organized by configuration (vehicle/facility), cost, schedule, and risk. The fourth step is to analyze and trend this affordability data using an affordability dashboard to provide status, measures, and trends for ESD and Program level of affordability tracking. This paper will provide examples of how regular application of this approach supports affordable and therefore sustainable human space exploration architecture.

Holladay, Jon; Smith, David Alan

2012-01-01

241

Affordable Care Act.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (PPACA), although a subject of much debate in the Unites States, was enacted on March 23, 2010, and upheld by the Supreme Court on June 28, 2012. This act advocates that "healthcare is a right, not a privilege." The main goals of PPACA are to minimize the number of uninsured Americans and make healthcare available to everyone at an affordable price. The Congressional Budget Office has determined that 94% of Americans will have healthcare coverage while staying under the $900 billion limit that President Barack Obama established by bending the healthcare cost curve and reducing the deficit over the next 10 years. PMID:23767130

Rak, Sofija; Coffin, Janis

2013-01-01

242

Relationship between Affordances in the Home Environment and Motor Development in Children Age 18-42 Months  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem statement: Environmental stimulation plays a critical role in optimal human development during the early stages of life and an optimal level (of development) occurs with strong contextual support. It is well accepted among devel op mentalists that motor-perceptual-and cognitive development are fundamentally interrelate d. This suggests that status of motor development is an important factor in overall child well-being.

Alireza Haydari; Parviz Askari; Maryam Zarra Nezhad

2009-01-01

243

79 FR 21259 - Preliminary Affordability Determination-Energy Efficiency Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...price of the outputs of energy (heat, cooling, and lighting...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street...Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy...Department of Housing and Urban Development. Thomas J....

2014-04-15

244

The Impact of University Housing Construction Type on Psychosocial Development of First-Year Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of university housing construction type on psychosocial development of first-year students. Data were collected at a large, four-year, public, research university in the Southeast using the Student Development Task and Lifestyle Assessment. The population considered for this study consisted of…

Owens, Justin Tyler

2010-01-01

245

Managing In-House Development of a Campus-Wide Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To show how a combination of hard and soft project and change management methodologies guided successful in-house development of a campus-wide information system. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of the methodologies and management structures that guided the development is presented. Findings: Applying a combination of the…

Shurville, Simon; Williams, John

2005-01-01

246

Developing Measures of Job Performance for Support Staff in Housing Services for People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is an absence of research concerning the assessment of housing support worker job performance, particularly in the development of job performance measures that reflect the priorities of people with intellectual disabilities and their families. Method: A worker-oriented job analysis method was used to develop four short job…

Hatton, Chris; Wigham, Sarah; Craig, Jaime

2009-01-01

247

Psychosocial predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND—Adolescents residing in low-income public housing developments in inner-city regions may be particularly vulnerable to a variety of risk factors associated with cigarette smoking.?OBJECTIVE—To elucidate the aetiology of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments.?DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS—We examined predictors of smoking from four domains: background characteristics, social influences, behavioural control, and psychosocial characteristics using a sample of seventh graders (mean age 12.9 years) who reside in public housing developments in New York City (n = 624). The addresses of participants in a larger investigation of the aetiology and prevention of smoking were checked to determine if they lived in one of 335 public housing developments in New York City. All participants living in public housing developments were included in the current study.?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—African-American and Hispanic students completed questionnaires about their cigarette use, social pressures to smoke, smoking attitudes, smoking knowledge, and smoking resistance skills. Students also provided information on demographic and behavioural control (such as church and school attendance).?RESULTS—Logistic regression analyses indicated that social influences from friends and family members predicted smoking. Psychosocial characteristics such as advertising resistance skills, anti-smoking attitudes, and refusal skills lowered the odds of smoking.?CONCLUSIONS—These findings suggest that smoking prevention approaches targeted at these young people should increase their awareness of social pressures to smoke, correct misperceptions about the prevalence of smoking among friends, and teach relevant psychosocial skills.???Keywords: smoking initiation predictors; smoking prevention; public housing developments; psychosocial risk factors PMID:10465815

Epstein, J.; Williams, C.; Botvin, G.; Diaz, T.; Ifill-Williams, M.

1999-01-01

248

Keeping USF Affordable to  

E-print Network

Keeping USF Affordable to Our Students and Their Families USF's Commitment to Providing Financial. In short, you need to know what you're paying for, how to pay for it, and how to make that work for you providers, 2,600 nurses, 400 physicians, 100 dentists, 5,000 teachers, 700 educational administrators

Galles, David

249

The Problem with Affordance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the concept of "affordance", a term widely used in the literature on learning and technology to try and explain the properties technologies have. It is argued that the concept has drifted so far from its origins that it is now too ambiguous to be analytically valuable. In addition, it is suggested that its origins in…

Oliver, Martin

2005-01-01

250

Improved affordability of high precision submarine inertial navigation by insertion of rapidly developing fiber optic gyro technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life cycle cost containment of the strategic weapons system (SWS), without loss of ultra high performance, is a very important goal of the entire Navy Strategic Systems Program community. Boeing is responding by guiding large advances in the state-of-the art of fiber optic gyro technology and developing a new associated navigation system. All of the very stringent strategic weapons system

Dwayne W. Heckman; LT Michael Baretela

2000-01-01

251

The Affordances of Blogging as a Practice to Support Ninth-Grade Science Teachers' Identity Development as Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, teacher leadership is being recognized as an essential ingredient in education reforms; however, few teachers consider themselves leaders. Becoming a leader is not just acquiring knowledge and skills for leadership, but developing a new "professional identity." As teachers become leaders, however, this identity might put…

Hanuscin, Deborah L.; Cheng, Ya-Wen; Rebello, Carina; Sinha, Somnath; Muslu, Nilay

2014-01-01

252

Uncovering Black/African American and Latina/o students' motivation to learn science: Affordances to science identity development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following dissertation reports on a qualitative exploration that serves two main goals: (1) to qualitatively define and highlight science motivation development of Black/African American and Latina/o students as they learn science in middle school, high school, and in college and (2) to reveal through personal narratives how successful entry and persistence in science by this particular group is linked to the development of their science identities. The targeted population for this study is undergraduate students of color in science fields at a college or university. The theoretical frameworks for this study are constructivist theory, motivation theory, critical theory, and identity theories. The methodological approach is narrative which includes students' science learning experiences throughout the course of their academic lives. I use The Science Motivation Questionnaire II to obtain baseline data to quantitatively assess for motivation to learn science. Data from semi-structured interviews from selected participants were collected, coded, and configured into a story, and emergent themes reveal the important role of science learning in both informal and formal settings, but especially in informal settings that contribute to better understandings of science and the development of science identities for these undergraduate students of color. The findings have implications for science teaching in schools and teacher professional development in science learning.

Mahfood, Denise Marcia

253

The Development of an Implementation Model for ICT in Education: An Example of the Interaction of Affordances and Multimodality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the development of a model targeted at non-specialist practitioners implementing innovations that involve information and communication technology (ICT) in education. It is based on data from a national evaluation of ICT-based projects in initial teacher education, which included a large-scale questionnaire survey and six…

Hadfield, Mark; Jopling, Michael

2014-01-01

254

The Role of Housing in the State Development Policy: A Summary Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the report is to relate the several work components of the State Planning Division to the State Development Policy and the growth centers concept. The report first summarizes projections of the demand for housing in North Carolina in 1980 b...

M. A. Stegman, H. Sumka

1972-01-01

255

FY06 Energy and Water Development Appropriations House Senate Conference Report  

E-print Network

FY06 Energy and Water Development Appropriations House Senate Conference Report Fusion Language,000,000 is for research into strongly magnetized high energy density matter and $2,000,000 is for construction of the high power lasers, $2,000,000 for the high density matter laser at the Ohio State University Technology Park

256

346: Developing a Low Cost, Sustainable Housing Prototype Using Recycled Waste Materials in Tijuana, Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a low cost, energy efficient prototype house designed for informal settlements of Tijuana constructed from a variety of local manufacturing waste materials. The 35 m2 prototype demonstrates construction techniques using waste car tires and gabion rock cages as a retaining wall system, wood pallets as a roof truss system, waste newspaper blended with Portland

Matthew West

257

Introducing model-based development within the reengineering of a Smart House controllers system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a reengineering solution for a Smart House controllers system using model-based development approach, emphasizing automatic code generation. Starting with the analysis of an existing system, based on a network of controllers, named as Tiny-Domots, the behavioral models associated with each controller was built using state diagrams as primary modeling formalism. A set of rules for manual translation

Mauro Reis; Rogerio Campos-Rebelo; Luis Gomes

2011-01-01

258

Board Member Development in the Public, Voluntary and Social Housing Sectors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Given a number of recent and ongoing changes to the role and responsibilities of executive and non-executive board members of UK social housing organisations, the paper aims to offer a literature review which explores the development provision for board members within such organisations. The paper's key question is: "How are executive and…

Ward, Carolyn; Preece, David

2012-01-01

259

Development of a Simultaneous Extraction and Cleanup Method for Pyrethroid Pesticides from Indoor House Dust Samples  

EPA Science Inventory

An ef¿cient and reliable analytical method was developed for the sensitive and selective quanti¿cation of pyrethroid pesticides (PYRs) in house dust samples. The method is based on selective pressurized liquid extraction (SPLE) of the dust-bound PYRs into dichloromethane (DCM) wi...

260

Surveying a Chicago Public Housing Development: Methodological Challenges and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the winter and spring of 2003, the Survey Research Laboratory conducted a survey of residents of the Ida Wells and Madden Park housing developments on Chicago's near-south side. This article reviews existing research findings on using indigenous interviewers and reports the findings about the benefits and challenges of using residents as…

Holbrook, Allyson L.; Farrar, Isabel C.; Popkin, Susan J.

2006-01-01

261

Interim Evaluation of HUD's (Housing and Urban Development's) Homeownership Zone Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Homeownership Zone (HOZ) demonstration program was launched in 1996 by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) as part of a national strategy to expand homeownership. The goal of the HOZ demonstration was to do more than build new h...

J. Kirchner, N. Teed, J. Morancy, J. Bennett, B. Wheaton

2007-01-01

262

Key worker housing : a demographic analysis of working families in eastern Massachusetts  

E-print Network

As housing costs have soared nationwide, many policy makers have grown increasingly aware of working families' housing needs. Currently, having a full-time job does not guarantee decent and affordable housing. Many housing ...

Wagner, Margaret Fitzgerald

2005-01-01

263

Whose Lives Are These, Anyway? (A Comment on the Recently Issued Report on the Homeless and Emergency Shelters by the Department of Housing and Urban Development.).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criticizes a recent government report for using faulty statistical methodology and thus grossly underestimating the numbers of homeless people in the United States. Also notes the report's failure to recognize the scarcity of affordable housing as a cause of homelessness. (GC)

Hopper, Kim

1984-01-01

264

The provision of land for social housing in large urbanized areas in developing countries: the case of Istanbul  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large part of the population has no access to proper housing. This situation is most severe in large growing metropolises in the developing world, such as Istanbul, Turkey, where a third of the population is living in squatter housing. Typically there is a is a dual structure of both legal and illegal land development, where the legal sector is

S. S. Turk; W. K. Korthals Altes

2010-01-01

265

Land Cover Change Related to Residential Housing Development in the United States From 1990 to 2000  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Habitat loss from conversion to urban and agricultural uses is a major threat to biodiversity globally. In the U.S., habitat loss was identified by a majority of state fish and game departments as a primary concern and is a leading cause of species endangerment. Residential housing growth, commercial development, and associated road building are major sources of habitat loss in the U.S. From 1990 to 2000, almost 250,000 miles of paved road and over 13.5 million housing units were constructed nationwide. To understand how recent trends in housing development affect land cover, it is crucial to establish how rates of conversion to anthropogenic uses and types of lands affected vary across the U.S. and why. For example, while most of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed in the Eastern U.S. is forested, agricultural lands were preferentially developed from 1990 to 2000. However, in the Piedmont ecoregion, which runs from the Chesapeake Bay southwest to Alabama, forested lands were disproportionately developed from 1992 to 2000. Several studies have assessed land use and land cover dynamics in various regions of the U.S. by combining satellite or aerial imagery with GIS data. However, because of a lack of consistent national land cover maps for more than one time period, assessments were either restricted to a single time period or change maps were independently developed for small areas. Recently, a nationally consistent map of Anderson Level I land cover change from 1992 to 2001 for the contiguous U.S. was made available through the United States Geological Survey National Land Cover Database (NLCD). We use geographically weighted regression (GWR) to compare changes in U.S. Census Bureau derived housing density with changes in NLCD derived land cover from 1990 to 2000 and assess how that relationship varies regionally due to heterogeneity in land cover, existing housing density, and other biophysical and economic variables. To characterize the NLCD map, we compare it with independently derived impervious surface change maps from three areas of the country. Results indicate that the NLCD change product provides conservative estimates of conversion to urban uses, with mapped changes corresponding to impervious surface cover increases of 20 to 40%. Scale variance analyses of housing and urban land use for commonly used analytical units (e.g. watersheds, Bailey divisions, counties) show that fine scale variation dominates, suggesting that the native scale of the data is the appropriate resolution at which to assess urbanization. GWR results show significant heterogeneity in parameter values of independent variables across the study area. As expected, larger increases in housing density are more strongly correlated with conversion to urban use than smaller increases. These results can be combined with census based projections of future housing density to assess possible changes in land cover and conversion to urban uses stemming from residential housing development.

Jantz, P.; Davis, F.

2008-12-01

266

A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)  

E-print Network

This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

Davis, Trevor Paul

1983-01-01

267

Analysis of Housing Partnerships using the Balanced Scorecard framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing Partnerships (HPs) are collaborative arrangements that assist communities in the delivery of affordable housing by combining the strengths of the public and private sectors. They emerged in several states, counties, and cities in the eighties as innovative solutions to the challenges in affordable housing resulting from changing dynamics of delivery and production. ^ My study examines HPs with particular

Zhayda Garzon

2011-01-01

268

The project to design and develop an energy-related program for public housing residents: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This demonstration project studied how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilities indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

Not Available

1986-12-01

269

Arctic house  

E-print Network

Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

1999-01-01

270

Economy in energy through alternative sources of energy in mass-housing of developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Energy is an integral part of the development process and a major determinant for the improvement of the quality of life in human settlements. Skyrocketing oil price increases in recent years has made development increasingly difficult for at least two-thirds of the developing countries. An increasing number of developing countries are searching for new sources of energy and more efficient use of what is available. So, there is a need for well thought-out comprehensive energy saving program. There is a need for radical thinking in devising new and innovative energy policies, which should be dynamic, technologically flexible, and responsive to the needs and aspirations of people. There is large percentage of energy used in buildings which can be economised in the planning of new settlements. The paper discusses and recommends the adoption of some of the straight-forward technology through which there is a full scope for minimizing the usage of energy in housing. Moving ahead, the paper also makes suggestions to developing countries how to develop and adopt alternative sources of energy in housing; especially solar energy, for cooling and heating purposes, because in solar energy most of the developing countries are very rich. Further, the paper strongly recommends that Universities, Colleges, and Schools should teach the latest concepts of energy conservation and use of alternative energy sources. However, the largest savings in energy consumption would arise from a real desire and economy consciousness on the part of the individual in the community to limit energy usage.

Sinha, I.B.

1980-12-01

271

Safety Sustainability and Public Perception of Manufactured Housing in Hot Humid Climates  

E-print Network

, sustainability and affordability of site-built homes under the most stringent U.S. hurricane code, the Florida Building Code (FBC), to comparable U.S. Housing and Urban Development (HUD) wind zone III manufactured housing units in the state of Florida... or no damage, as did comparable site-built homes placed after adoption of the 2002 FBC. Research also indicates that manufactured units produced in a controlled, factory environment use fewer materials, generate less waste, and require less production...

Grosskopf, K. R.; Cutlip, D.

2006-01-01

272

24 CFR 81.19 - Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant income is not known.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.19 Affordability—Rent level definitions—tenant income is not known. For purposes...

2012-04-01

273

24 CFR 81.19 - Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant income is not known.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.19 Affordability—Rent level definitions—tenant income is not known. For purposes...

2013-04-01

274

24 CFR 81.19 - Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant income is not known.  

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.19 Affordability—Rent level definitions—tenant income is not known. For purposes...

2014-04-01

275

24 CFR 81.19 - Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant income is not known.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.19 Affordability—Rent level definitions—tenant income is not known. For purposes...

2010-04-01

276

Affordances and the musically extended mind.  

PubMed

I defend a model of the musically extended mind. I consider how acts of "musicking" grant access to novel emotional experiences otherwise inaccessible. First, I discuss the idea of "musical affordances" and specify both what musical affordances are and how they invite different forms of entrainment. Next, I argue that musical affordances - via soliciting different forms of entrainment - enhance the functionality of various endogenous, emotion-granting regulative processes, drawing novel experiences out of us with an expanded complexity and phenomenal character. I argue that music therefore ought to be thought of as part of the vehicle needed to realize these emotional experiences. I appeal to different sources of empirical work to develop this idea. PMID:24432008

Krueger, Joel

2014-01-01

277

California Community Colleges: Making Them Stronger and More Affordable. National Center Report #07-1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report highlights the affordability gaps faced by California's community colleges. Despite the lowest tuition in the country and tuition waivers for the lowest-income students, many California students struggle to afford the total cost of education, which includes housing, food, health care, and textbooks. And although California students are…

Zumeta, William; Frankle, Deborah

2007-01-01

278

Agonistic onset during development differentiates wild house mouse males (Mus domesticus)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wild house mouse populations have been suggested to locally adapt to varying dispersal regimes by expressing divergent aggressivity phenotypes. This conjecture implies, first, genetic polymorphism for dispersive strategies which is supported by the finding of heritable variation for male dispersal tendency in feral house mice. Secondly, aggressivity is assumed to translate into dispersal rates. This speculation is reinforced by experimental evidence showing that non-agonistic males display lower dispersal propensity than same-aged males that have established agonistic dominance. However, the actual ontogenetic behavioural pattern and its variability among populations remain unknown. Hence, in this study the timing of agonistic onset is quantified within laboratory-reared fraternal pairs, and compared between descendants from two different feral populations. Males from the two populations (G and Z) differed strongly in agonistic development, as Z fraternal pairs had a 50% risk of agonistic onset before 23.5±2.7 days of age, while this took 57.3±5.4 days in males from population G. This difference coincided with significant genetic differentiation between the males of the two populations as determined by 11 polymorphic microsatellite markers. Furthermore, in population G, males from agonistic and amicable fraternal pairs exhibited significant genetic differentiation. These results corroborate the supposition of genetic variability for dispersive strategies in house mice, and identify the ontogenetic timing of agonistic phenotype development as the potential basis for genetic differentiation. This opens a unique opportunity to study the genetic determination of a complex mammalian behavioural syndrome in a life history context, using a simple laboratory paradigm.

Krackow, Sven

2005-02-01

279

Affordable inactivated poliovirus vaccine: strategies and progress.  

PubMed

After polio eradication is achieved, the use of live-attenuated oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) must be discontinued because of the inherent risk of the Sabin strains to revert to neurovirulence and reacquire greater transmissibility that could potentially result in the reestablishment of polio transmission. In 2008, the World Health Assembly mandated that the World Health Organization establish a strategy for developing more-affordable inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) options for low-income countries. In 2012, the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on Immunization recommended universal IPV introduction as a risk-mitigation strategy before the phased cessation of OPV (starting with Sabin type 2) and emphasized the need for affordable IPV options. In 2013, SAGE reiterated the importance of attaining the long-term target price of IPV at approximately $0.5 per immunizing dose and encouraged accelerated efforts to develop lower-cost IPV options. This article outlines the 4-pronged approach that is being pursued to develop affordable options and provides an update on the current status and plans to make IPV affordable for developing-country use. PMID:25316868

Okayasu, Hiromasa; Sutter, Roland W; Jafari, Hamid S; Takane, Marina; Aylward, R Bruce

2014-11-01

280

Options for Affordable Fission Surface Power Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fission surface power systems could provide abundant power anywhere on free surface of the moon or Mars. Locations could include permanently shaded regions on the moon and high latitudes on Mars. To be fully utilized; however, fission surface power systems must be safe, have adequate performance, and be affordable. This paper discusses options for the design and development of such systems.

Houts, Mike; Gaddis, Steve; Porter, Ron; VanDyke, Melissa; Martin Jim; Godfroy, Tom; Bragg-Sitton, Shannon; Garber, Anne; Pearson, Boise

2006-01-01

281

Affordances of Instrumentation in General Chemistry Laboratories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to find out what students in the first chemistry course at the undergraduate level (general chemistry for science majors) know about the affordances of instrumentation used in the general chemistry laboratory and how their knowledge develops over time. Overall, students see the PASCO(TM) system as a useful and accurate…

Sherman, Kristin Mary Daniels

2010-01-01

282

Residential development in Massachusetts : chapter 40B and the Trojan Horse  

E-print Network

Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 40B, also known as the "anti-snob zoning law", has become one of the state's most prolific affordable housing development tools: in the years since its passage in 1969 its provisions have ...

Schwartzberg, Theodore E

2008-01-01

283

Capital for communities : connecting community development loan funds to individual investors  

E-print Network

Community development loan funds (CDLFs) play a critical role in financing affordable housing, small businesses, and non-profit organizations in low-income communities throughout the US. Since the 2008 financial crisis ...

Solomon, Ann DeMoss

2011-01-01

284

Passive solar in the city : an energy conscious design for subsidized multi-family housing development  

E-print Network

Until now, passive solar energy has been overlooked as a viable alternative for home heating in urban subsidized housing. Rather ironically, in housing whose residents could most benefit from the use of solar energy, such ...

Duncan, Karen M

1981-01-01

285

Rationalizing urban land utilization : guidelines for housing developments in greater Khartoum, Sudan  

E-print Network

The housing crisis in Greater Khartoum manifests itself in a very high demand for housing and a deficient supply mechanism. This unsatisfied demand is reflected in high rents and land prices, high occupancy rates, and ...

Hamid, Gamal Mahmoud

1986-01-01

286

Development of design & technology package for cost effective housing in Gujrat  

E-print Network

Purpose: Improve quality of life in rural areas through intervention of infrastructure and housing improvement. Provide methods of building better and cost-effective houses at a quicker pace. Devise strategies of withdrawing ...

Chaudhry, Rajive

1996-01-01

287

Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction.

Syphard, Alexandra D.; Massada, Avi Bar; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E.

2013-01-01

288

Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss.  

PubMed

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction. PMID:23977120

Syphard, Alexandra D; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E

2013-01-01

289

Community Development Corporations and Welfare Reform: Linkages, Roles, and Impacts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of welfare reform on housing owned by community development corporations (CDCs), investigating how early implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) affected the financial status of CDCs' affordable housing developments. Five types of financial impacts were…

Wright, David J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Schill, Michael H.

290

Collaboration Practices and Affordances in Free/Open Source  

E-print Network

of FOSSD is the formation and enactment of collaborative software development practices and processes software developers participate in FOSSD projects? Is volunteerism and personal discretion keyCollaboration Practices and Affordances in Free/Open Source Software Development Walt Scacchi

Scacchi, Walt

291

Advances in the development of FRIDA's mechanisms control system and house-keeping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FRIDA will be a near infrared imager and integral field spectrograph covering the wavelength range from 0.9 to 2.5 microns. Primary observing modes are: direct imaging and integral field spectroscopy. This paper describes the main advances in the development of the electronics and control system for both the mechanisms and house-keeping of FRIDA. In order to perform several tests of mechanisms in both room and cryogenic environments, a set of programs had been developed. All variables of the vacuum control system were determined and the main control structure based on one Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) had been established. A key function of the FRIDA's control system is keeping the integrity of cryostat during all processes, so we have designed a redundant heating control system which will be in charge of avoiding cryostat inner overheating. In addition, some improvements of cryogenic and room temperature cabling structure are described.

Flores-Meza, R.; Garcés, J.; Lara, G.; Sánchez, B.; Espejo, C.; Keiman, C.; Cuevas, S.; Díaz, J. J.

2014-07-01

292

Development of a Compact Maglev Centrifugal Blood Pump Enclosed in a Titanium Housing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A compact centrifugal blood pump consisting of a controlled two-degrees-of-freedom radial magnetic bearing and a brushless DC motor enclosed in a titanium housing has been developed for use as an implantable ventricular assist device. The magnetic bearing also supports axial and angular motions of the impeller via a magnetic coupling. The top housing is made of pure titanium, while the impeller and the stator are coated with pure titanium and Ti-6Al-7Nb, respectively, to improve the biocompatibility of the pump. The combination of pure titanium and titanium alloy was chosen because of the sensitivity of eddy current type displacement sensors through the intervening conducting wall. The dimensions of the pump are 69.0 mm in diameter and 28.5 mm in height. During a pump performance test, axial shifting of the impeller due to hydraulic forces led to variations in the rotational positioning signal, causing loss of control of the rotational speed. This problem was solved by conditioning the rotational positioning signal. With a flow rate of 5 l/min against a head pressure of 100 mmHg, the power consumption and efficiency of the pump were 5.5 W and 20%, respectively. Furthermore, the hemolysis of the blood pump was 43.6% lower when compared to that of a commercially available pump.

Pai, Chi Nan; Shinshi, Tadahiko; Asama, Junichi; Takatani, Setsuo; Shimokohbe, Akira

293

Female house mice develop a unique ovarian lesion in colonies that are at maximum population density.  

PubMed

Colonies of house mice reach maximum population density in 120-180 days, irrespective of cage size and initial number of colonizing animals. Reproduction ceases because the females become aggressive and unreceptive to mating. The aggressive behavior is correlated with elevated levels of testosterone (T) and corticosterone (B) (Chapman et al., Phys Behav 64:529-533, 1998). In two of seven strains of mice, females developed ovarian lesions. The occurrence of the lesion in one strain was correlated with the age of the animal and duration of the study. In the second strain, cage size was the determining factor. Lesioned ovaries weighed significantly more than nonlesioned ovaries. The lesion consisted of accumulations of luteal membrane and organelle fragments, and other cellular debris, suggestive of incomplete and prolonged luteolysis. Electron microscopic (EM) analyses revealed the presence of deposits of permanganate-resistant congophilic amyloid fibrils in the intima and smooth muscle cells of luteal thecal arteries. Population females had thymus glands and uteri that weighed significantly less than the same organs from females housed in the breeding colony, whereas the adrenal glands from the population females weighed significantly more. It is proposed that the female aggression is due to high levels of T. It is also proposed that the high levels of B suppress the immune cells involved in normal luteolysis and contribute to the incomplete and prolonged luteolysis. PMID:10998202

Chapman, J C; Christian, J J; Pawlikowski, M A; Yasukawa, N; Michael, S D

2000-10-01

294

In-house development of an optimized synthetic module for routine [11C]acetate production  

PubMed Central

[11C]Acetate, a radiotracer for PET imaging, is a promising radiopharmaceutical for overcoming the limitation of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose in a number of cancers. Here, the optimized automatic synthesis of [11C]acetate using an in-house-developed module under different conditions has been reported for routine production. [11C]CO2 was produced in a 16.4?MeV PETtrace cyclotron, and methyl magnesium chloride was used for synthesis. For product purification, ion-exchange solid-phase extraction cartridges were used, connected in series. High-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography were used to measure radiochemical and chemical purity. The Limulus amebocyte lysate test and the fluid thioglycollate medium test were performed for quality control of [11C]acetate. The total reaction time of [11C]acetate was within 15?min, and the overall decay-corrected radiochemical yield was 84.33±8.85%. Radiochemical purity was greater than 98% when evaluated on an analytical high-performance liquid chromatography system. No endotoxins or anaerobic bacteria were seen on quality control checks. Optimized production of [11C]acetate was achieved by the in-house module. Radiochemical and biological properties of the [11C]acetate produced were appropriate for clinical PET study.

Jang, Hwa Youn; Kwon, Seong Young; Pyo, Ayoung; Hur, Min Goo; Kim, Sang Wook; Park, Jeong-Hoon; Kim, Hee-Jung; Yang, Seung Dae; Lee, Sunwoo; Kim, Dong-Yeon

2015-01-01

295

24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).  

...2014-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

2014-04-01

296

24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

2010-04-01

297

24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

2012-04-01

298

24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

2011-04-01

299

24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

2013-04-01

300

The Past and Future of Housing Policy Innovation: The Case of US State Housing Trust Funds  

Microsoft Academic Search

State governments are increasingly expected to help fill the gap between the demand and supply of affordable housing within the US. Little systematic attention has been paid to state housing strategies over the years, despite a lengthening record of policy innovation. This paper asks what factors influence state adoption of housing trust funds (HTFs), and if these factors differ based

Corianne Payton Scally

2012-01-01

301

Development and initial testing of a new socioeconomic status measure based on housing data.  

PubMed

Socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with many health outcomes. Commonly used datasets such as medical records often lack data on SES but do include address information. The authors sought to determine whether an SES measure derived from housing characteristics is associated with other SES measures and outcomes known to be associated with SES. The data come from a telephone survey of parents/guardians of children aged 1-17 years who resided in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and Jackson County, Missouri. Seven variables related to housing and six neighborhood characteristics obtained from local government assessor's offices in Olmsted County, Minnesota, were appended to survey responses. An SES index derived from housing characteristics (hereafter, HOUSES) was constructed using principal components factor analysis. For criterion validity, we assessed Pearson's correlation coefficients between HOUSES and other SES measures, including self-reported parents' educational levels, income, Hollingshead Index, and Nakao-Treas Index. For construct validity, we determined the association between HOUSES and outcomes, risks of low birth weight, overweight, and smoking exposure at home. We applied HOUSES to subjects in another community by formulating HOUSES from housing data of subjects in Jackson County, Missouri, using the same statistical algorithm as HOUSES for subjects in Olmsted County, Minnesota. We found that HOUSES had modest to good correlation with other SES measures. Overall, as hypothesized, HOUSES was inversely associated with outcome measures assessed among subjects from both counties. HOUSES may be a useful surrogate measure of individual SES in epidemiologic research, especially when SES measures for individuals are not available. PMID:21499815

Juhn, Young J; Beebe, Timothy J; Finnie, Dawn M; Sloan, Jeff; Wheeler, Philip H; Yawn, Barbara; Williams, Arthur R

2011-10-01

302

A development and integration analysis of commercial and in-house control subsystems  

SciTech Connect

The acquisition and integration of commercial automation and control subsystems in physics research is becoming more common. It is presumed these systems present lower risk and less cost. This paper studies four subsystems used in the Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) resonance-control cooling subsystem (RCCS), the high-power RF subsystem and the RFQ vacuum subsystem were outsourced; the low-level RF (LLRF) subsystem was developed in-house. Based on the authors experience a careful evaluation of the costs and risks in acquisition, implementation, integration, and maintenance associated with these approaches is given.

Moore, D.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Dalesio, L.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-12-31

303

The impact of transit-oriented development on housing prices in San Diego, CA.  

PubMed

This research measures the influence of transit-oriented development (TOD) on the San Diego, CA, condominium market. Many view TOD as a key element in creating a less auto dependent and more sustainable transport system. Price premiums indicate a potential for a market-driven expansion of TOD inventory. A hedonic price model is estimated to isolate statistically the effect of TOD. This includes interaction terms between station distance and various measures of pedestrian orientation. The resulting model shows that station proximity has a significantly stronger impact when coupled with a pedestrian-oriented environment. Conversely, station area condominiums in more auto-oriented environments may sell at a discount. This indicates that TOD has a synergistic value greater than the sum of its parts. It also implies a healthy demand for more TOD housing in San Diego. PMID:21174895

Duncan, Michael

2011-01-01

304

Progress in the development of specific immunotherapies for house dust mite allergies.  

PubMed

Allergen-specific immunotherapy is used to treat patients exposed and co-sensitized to the two common house dust mites, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae. Based on seroepidemiological studies and a detailed characterization of mite allergens, an optimal immunotherapeutic product should associate extracts from the two Dermatophagoides species, and include both bodies and fecal particles. Both subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapies performed with aqueous mite extracts are safe and efficacious in children and adults with mite-induced rhinitis and/or asthma. Double-blind placebo-controlled studies are conducted to further document the efficacy of immunotherapeutic products, with promising results that were obtained already with sublingual tablets. Current developments of second-generation products relying upon recombinant allergens and peptides are reviewed. PMID:25187166

Moingeon, Philippe

2014-12-01

305

Affording the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just when campus technologists think they've got a handle on daily campus IT needs, demands to develop smart classrooms come along and spoil everything. Between admissions officers demanding smart classrooms in order to prove to prospective families that the institution is up to speed, and professors asking for smart classrooms so that they can…

Voyles, Bennett

2006-01-01

306

Project to design and develop an energy-related program: For public housing residents and renters: Volume 1, Final report  

SciTech Connect

This demonstration project was undertaken as a result of an unsolicited proposal submitted by THE ASSIGNMENT GROUP (TAG) to the Office of Minority Economic Impact, Department of Energy (DOE). The problem to which the proposal responded was how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The size and gravity of the problem necessitated a purpose or aim that had nationwide application, yet lent itself to a microscopic look. Consequently, the goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilitates indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

Not Available

1988-05-01

307

Creating an asset management model for Massachusetts state-aided public housing : a study of policies and practices to inform the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development  

E-print Network

Local housing authorities in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts currently manage over 50,000 state-aided public housing units on a consolidated, authority-wide level-a style of property management that does not allow for ...

Creeley, Hannah Highton

2009-01-01

308

Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents  

E-print Network

and instrumenting a baseline Habitat for Humanity house. Monitoring of the 26 channels of 15-minute data began in March 1998 and has continued through December 1998. The energy and environmental data from the house will also be made available to faculty and students... or problem. Habitat for Humanity is a non-profit, Christian-affiliated ecumenical housing group that helps build low-income housing in the United States and other countries. Habitat aims at increasing the ability of families to buy a home by giving low...

Haberl, J. S.; Kootin-Sanwu, V.

1999-01-01

309

The development of financial management and control in monastic houses and estates in England c. 1200–1540  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces developments in the financial management and control of monastic houses and their estates in England in the later Middle Ages, and seeks to identify the factors which lay behind these developments. It draws upon ecclesiastical, economic and accounting history literature. It finds first that this period of monastic history is not as uneventful as sometimes depicted; and

Alisdair Dobie

2008-01-01

310

Structured financial solutions for green affordable housing projects  

E-print Network

Environmentally responsible buildings are increasing gaining recognition in the building industry because they address objectives such as conserving natural resources, improving energy efficiency and indoor air quality and ...

Subramanian, Shwetha

2005-01-01

311

SUMMER 2010 OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation,  

E-print Network

, law school career service offices, newspapers, the Internet, and especially Harvard Law School by Katrina, this neighborhood is still recovering. · Bywater: Home to the post-Katrina Musician's Village

Wolfe, Patrick J.

312

12 CFR 1291.12 - Affordable Housing Reserve Fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...they are insufficient to fund: (1) The next highest...period of the year for its competitive application program...Pending applications for funds under the Bank's homeownership...following year in the Bank's competitive application program...

2010-01-01

313

Low Impact, Affordable, Low Income Houses for Mexico  

E-print Network

in ne so ta .M is si ss ip pi .M is so ur i .M on ta na .N eb ra sk a .N ev ad a .N ew H am ps hi re .N ew J er se y .N ew M ex ic o .N ew Y or k .N or th C ar ol in a .N or th D ak ot... a .O hi o .O kl ah om a .O re go n .P en ns yl va ni a .R ho de Is la nd .S ou th C ar ol in a .S ou th D ak ot a .T en ne ss ee .T ex as .U ta h .V er m on t .V irg in ia .W as hi ng...

Alcocer, J. L. B.; Haberl, J. S.

314

System Concepts for Affordable Fission Surface Power  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents an overview of an affordable Fission Surface Power (FSP) system that could be used for NASA applications on the Moon and Mars. The proposed FSP system uses a low temperature, uranium dioxide-fueled, liquid metal-cooled fission reactor coupled to free-piston Stirling converters. The concept was determined by a 12 month NASA/DOE study that examined design options and development strategies based on affordability and risk. The system is considered a low development risk based on the use of terrestrial-derived reactor technology, high efficiency power conversion, and conventional materials. The low-risk approach was selected over other options that could offer higher performance and/or lower mass.

Mason, Lee; Poston, David; Qualls, Louis

2008-01-01

315

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

316

NOTE: An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy-1 can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min-1) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37° C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding ±30° C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations.

Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

2010-02-01

317

Perceiving Affordances for Fitting Through Apertures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affordances—possibilities for action—are constrained by the match between actors and their environments. For motor decisions to be adaptive, affordances must be detected accurately. Three experiments examined the correspondence between motor decisions and affordances as participants reached through apertures of varying size. A psychophysical procedure was used to estimate an affordance threshold for each participant (smallest aperture they could fit their

Shaziela Ishak; Karen E. Adolph; Grace C. Lin

2008-01-01

318

[Shared-housing arrangements for care-dependent older persons - characteristics, development and drivers].  

PubMed

Shared-Housing Arrangements (SHA) for care-dependent older persons gain increasing importance as a setting for nursing care in Germany, both in terms of numbers and user preference. This article aims to answer the questions in which phases SHA have developed over time, what the initiator's objectives are, and what factors contributed to SHA proliferation. A systematic review of the literature was conducted that finally included 73 articles. As a result it can be demonstrated that SHA started from "individual user initiatives", became "developing novel services" and finally established themselves as "regular services" in the nursing setting. A typology of different models of SHA can be organised along two dimensions: Firstly the temporal dimension of care organisation and secondly the way care services are purchased. Objectives formulated by the initiators of SHA are: Establishment of a family - like environment, inclusion of relatives, community orientation, security of care provision and maintenance of self-determination. Tailor-made financial and legal regulations supported the spread of SHAs. In reflection of the available literature it becomes evident that no satisfactory consensus on those elements exist that are constitutive for SHAs. Furthermore, there is a dearth of research on whether postulated objectives and other health related goals are actually being met in SHAs. Open questions pertain also the level of self-determination achieved in practice and other outcomes attained. PMID:21480174

Fischer, Thomas; Worch, Andreas; Nordheim, Johanna; Wulff, Ines Martin; Gräske, Johannes; Meye, Sandra; Wolf-Ostermann, Karin

2011-04-01

319

An Affordable Open-Source Turbidimeter  

PubMed Central

Turbidity is an internationally recognized criterion for assessing drinking water quality, because the colloidal particles in turbid water may harbor pathogens, chemically reduce oxidizing disinfectants, and hinder attempts to disinfect water with ultraviolet radiation. A turbidimeter is an electronic/optical instrument that assesses turbidity by measuring the scattering of light passing through a water sample containing such colloidal particles. Commercial turbidimeters cost hundreds or thousands of dollars, putting them beyond the reach of low-resource communities around the world. An affordable open-source turbidimeter based on a single light-to-frequency sensor was designed and constructed, and evaluated against a portable commercial turbidimeter. The final product, which builds on extensive published research, is intended to catalyze further developments in affordable water and sanitation monitoring. PMID:24759114

Kelley, Christopher D.; Krolick, Alexander; Brunner, Logan; Burklund, Alison; Kahn, Daniel; Ball, William P.; Weber-Shirk, Monroe

2014-01-01

320

Housing Pregnant Mice (Mus musculus) in Small Groups Facilitates the Development of Odor-Based Homing in Offspring  

E-print Network

Housing Pregnant Mice (Mus musculus) in Small Groups Facilitates the Development of Odor-Based Homing in Offspring Hunter Honeycutt and Jeffrey R. Alberts Indiana University Infant mice (Mus musculus in IsoPreg versus SocPreg nest odors, body growth, or motoric capabilities. Exposing pregnant Iso

321

Zero energy balance and zero on-site CO 2 emission housing development in the Mediterranean climate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zero energy balance (ZEB) is an essential and paramount topic in building design. The paper addresses this important research area with special regard to the Mediterranean climate.To deal with ZEB in architecture, a final design proposal for a new housing development in the peri-urban context of Tricase – a town located in the south of Italy – is presented and

A. Ferrante; M. T. Cascella

2011-01-01

322

Homelessness as one component of housing instability and its impact on the development of children in poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of families with children living in poverty and experiencing housing instability and homelessness has increased dramatically over the last two decades. Current public policy decisions will lead to further increases. Understanding the impact of this instability on the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive development of children is imperative. Few studies critically examine the effects of instability on both domiciled

Cathryne L. Schmitz; Janet D. Wagner; Edna M. Menke

1995-01-01

323

24 CFR 81.18 - Affordability-Income level definitions-family size not known (actual or prospective tenants).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.18 Affordability—Income level definitions—family size not known (actual or prospective...

2012-04-01

324

24 CFR 81.18 - Affordability-Income level definitions-family size not known (actual or prospective tenants).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.18 Affordability—Income level definitions—family size not known (actual or prospective...

2011-04-01

325

24 CFR 81.18 - Affordability-Income level definitions-family size not known (actual or prospective tenants).  

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.18 Affordability—Income level definitions—family size not known (actual or prospective...

2014-04-01

326

24 CFR 81.18 - Affordability-Income level definitions-family size not known (actual or prospective tenants).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.18 Affordability—Income level definitions—family size not known (actual or prospective...

2010-04-01

327

Development and Analysis of a Sustainable Low Energy House in a Hot and Humid Climate  

E-print Network

This study examines the lifetime building energy consumption of a typical house in Bangkok, Thailand. The lifetime building energy consumption is composed of three major components: 1) the energy used in building construction (i.e., embodied...

Chulsukon, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Sylvester, K. E.

2002-01-01

328

75 FR 36245 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pre-Application Deadline and will be responsible for analyzing whether the...partners so that key personnel responsible for grant implementation...result. Indicate the entity responsible for each use and activity...public housing, minorities, socially and economically...

2010-06-24

329

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

...operating expense and capacity building costs. 92.208 Section 92.208...operating expense and capacity building costs. (a) Up to 5 percent...amounts set aside for housing projects that are owned,...

2014-04-01

330

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program: High Performance Manufactured Home Protoyping and Construction Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, have been collab...

B. Peeks, S. Rothgeb, T. Hewes

2013-01-01

331

Analysis of Housing Partnerships Using the Balanced Scorecard Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing Partnerships (HPs) are collaborative arrangements that assist communities in the delivery of affordable housing by combining the strengths of the public and private sectors. They emerged in several states, counties, and cities in the eighties as innovative solutions to the challenges in affordable housing resulting from changing dynamics of delivery and production.\\u000aMy study examines HPs with particular emphasis

Zhayda L Garzon

2011-01-01

332

Development and analysis of a sustainable, low energy house in a hot and humid climate  

E-print Network

4. 1 Case Study House Description, 49 4. 2 Floor Area Allocation . 58 4. 3 Details for the BUILDING-LOCATION Conunand . . . 4. 4 Material Thermal Properties . . . . 69 71 4. 5 Glass Type Properties, 71 4. 6 SPACE-CONDITIONS Details... 4. 1 Case Study House Description, 49 4. 2 Floor Area Allocation . 58 4. 3 Details for the BUILDING-LOCATION Conunand . . . 4. 4 Material Thermal Properties . . . . 69 71 4. 5 Glass Type Properties, 71 4. 6 SPACE-CONDITIONS Details...

Chulsukon, Pattarayut

2012-06-07

333

Develop security architecture for both in-house healthcare information systems and electronic patient record  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we presented a new security approach to provide security measures and features in both healthcare information systems (PACS, RIS/HIS), and electronic patient record (EPR). We introduced two security components, certificate authoring (CA) system and patient record digital signature management (DSPR) system, as well as electronic envelope technology, into the current hospital healthcare information infrastructure to provide security measures and functions such as confidential or privacy, authenticity, integrity, reliability, non-repudiation, and authentication for in-house healthcare information systems daily operating, and EPR exchanging among the hospitals or healthcare administration levels, and the DSPR component manages the all the digital signatures of patient medical records signed through using an-symmetry key encryption technologies. The electronic envelopes used for EPR exchanging are created based on the information of signers, digital signatures, and identifications of patient records stored in CAS and DSMS, as well as the destinations and the remote users. The CAS and DSMS were developed and integrated into a RIS-integrated PACS, and the integration of these new security components is seamless and painless. The electronic envelopes designed for EPR were used successfully in multimedia data transmission.

Zhang, Jianguo; Chen, Xiaomeng; Zhuang, Jun; Jiang, Jianrong; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Wu, Dongqing; Huang, H. K.

2003-05-01

334

On the Use of Quasi-crystal and Fractal Concepts in the Design of Affordable Rural\\/Urban Landscapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the use of quasi-crystal and fractal concepts in the design of rural and urban landscapes for affordable housing. These are shown to provide a framework for the efficient design of communities in which affordable homes are organized using basic concepts from crystallography and fractal theory. In contrast to classical urban planning with single centers, distributed centers are

M. Niang; W. O. Soboyejo

2006-01-01

335

HUD (Housing and Urban Development) Intermediate Minimum Property Standards Supplement 4930. 2 (1989 edition). Solar heating and domestic hot water systems  

SciTech Connect

The Minimum Property Standards for Housing 4910.1 were developed to provide a sound technical basis for housing under numerous programs of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These Intermediate Minimum Property Standards for Solar Heating and Domestic Hot Water Systems are intended to provide a companion technical basis for the planning and design of solar heating and domestic hot water systems. These standards have been prepared as a supplement to the Minimum Property Standards (MPS) and deal only with aspects of planning and design that are different from conventional housing by reason of the solar systems under consideration. The document contains requirements and standards applicable to one- and two-family dwellings, multifamily housing, and nursing homes and intermediate care facilities references made in the text to the MPS refer to the same section in the Minimum Property Standards for Housing 4910.1.

Not Available

1989-12-01

336

Are Maternal Antibodies Really That Important? Patterns in the Immunologic Development of Altricial Passerine House Sparrows (Passer domesticus)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundMaternal antibodies are believed to play an integral role in protecting immunologically immature wild-passerines from environmental antigens. This study comprehensively examines the early development of the adaptive immune system in an altricial-developing wild passerine species, the house sparrow (Passer domestics), by characterizing the half-life of maternal antibodies in nestling plasma, the onset of de novo synthesis of endogenous antibodies by

Marisa O. King; Jeb P. Owen; Hubert G. Schwabl; Paul A. Bartell

2010-01-01

337

Task constraints on affordance boundaries.  

PubMed

The actualization of a simple affordance task-grasping and moving wooden planks of different sizes using either one or two hands-was assessed in the context of task-relevant (plank sequence, plank presentation speed) and task-irrelevant (cognitive load) manipulations. In Experiment 1, fast (3 s/plank) and self-paced ( approximately 5 s/plank) presentation speeds revealed hysteresis; the transition point for ascending series was greater than the transition point for descending series. Hysteresis was eliminated in the slowest presentation speed (10 s/plank). In Experiment 2, hysteresis was exaggerated by a cognitive load (counting backward by seven) for both fast and slow presentation speeds. These results suggest that behavioral responses to the attractor dynamics of perceived affordances are processes that require minimal cognitive resources. PMID:19246779

Lopresti-Goodman, Stacy M; Richardson, Michael J; Baron, Reuben M; Carello, Claudia; Marsh, Kerry L

2009-01-01

338

Thermo-structural development of the ITER ICRF strap housing module  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since March 2010 the preliminary design of the ITER ICRF Antennas have been developed by CYCLE, a consortium consisting of IPP (Garching), CCFE (Culham), CEA (Cadarache), Politecnico di Torino (Torino) and LPPERM/KMS (Brussels). This paper describes the steps taken to develop the present geometry of the triplet pair Strap Housing Module from a thermal and structural perspective, and shows the critical areas of the structure. Key issues are the manufacturability, (achieved by HIPing - Hot Isostatic Pressing), the ability to handle the radiating plasma thermal flux of 0.35 MW/m2, the RF losses and the neutronic radiation. HIPing is necessary to achieve the complicated system of cooling channels inside the structure, which divides the coolant equally in order to supply each strap in the triplet with 1 l/s of water. The components have also to withstand the strong mechanical forces generated by plasma disruptions affecting all internal structures and the elevated design cooling water pressure of 5MPa. In order to maximise reliability, joints between different materials in the cooling water system have been kept to a minimum. Therefore, in the interests of fabricability and availability, the whole structure is manufactured out of stainless steel (316L(N)IG). The low conductivity of 316L(N)IG demands small wall thicknesses to avoid hot spots; however this reduces the mechanical strength. Consequently an in depth FEM analysis is presented, which was used to find and to improve the critical aspects of this important component and was the best means of finding the optimum between thermal and mechanical performance.

Winkler, K.; Shannon, M.; Lockley, D.

2014-02-01

339

Optics learning through affordable kit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An affordable kit which helps to understand some of the optical phenomena qualitatively and quantitatively is presented in this paper. It supplements optics taught in classes. The kit consists of equipments which are available in the market at nominal cost such as laser pointer, lenses, glass plates, razor blades, coins, ball bearing etc. Experiments which come under wave optics (interference and diffraction) and ray optics (reflection and refraction) are explained using this kit.

P, Anusha N.; Shaji, Chitra; Sharan, Alok

2014-10-01

340

Financing social housing in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the post—1988 Housing Act financing of social housing by independent housing associations, now the main vehicles for the development of new social housing in England. It discusses the political context limiting public funding of social housing; the current financial regime, which has attracted private finance into the social housing field but has also increased rents and thus

Gregory Lomax

1995-01-01

341

Development, Alumni and University Relations McGill University, Martlet House  

E-print Network

, special events held by the Principal and athletic events. · We seek to enhance the student ex College New Residence Carrefour If the student lives off-campus, in MORE housing, or at 515 Ste in the box below: Final exams are just around the corner and that means added stress on students, and SOAR

Volesky, Bohumil

342

Sustainable Housing Development in Urban Australia: exploring obstacles to and opportunities for ecocity efforts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basic aspects of sustainable housing design such as increasing density, mixed use and proximity to public transport are being adopted increasingly in Australian cities. Sustainable building codes such as NSW's BASIX and Victoria's Green Star rating systems are also being implemented and advanced. More substantial improvements and endeavours such as onsite food production, energy generation and waste treatment, are being

Louise Crabtree

2005-01-01

343

The Impact of Direct Public Funding for Private Developers on Non-Profit Housing Networks in England: Exploring a Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reforms to the funding of new social housing in England in 2004 enabled private sector firms to compete with existing non-profit providers for grant. These reforms are at an early stage, but already around 4 per cent of new social housing is being constructed through direct funding of private developers. Expectations of increased efficiency were partially confirmed by the competitive

David Mullins; Bruce Walker

2009-01-01

344

Housing in the Urban Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet focuses on housing, the most private human environment. The effects of housing on one's social and physical worlds, and in turn on one's attitudes toward the total environment, are examined. The activities in this booklet aim to develop an understanding of space within the housing environment, types of housing, and how one can change…

Berkowitz, Gisha, Ed.; Levy, Alan, Ed.

345

Perceiving Affordances for Fitting through Apertures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Affordances--possibilities for action--are constrained by the match between actors and their environments. For motor decisions to be adaptive, affordances must be detected accurately. Three experiments examined the correspondence between motor decisions and affordances as participants reached through apertures of varying size. A psychophysical…

Ishak, Shaziela; Adolph, Karen E.; Lin, Grace C.

2008-01-01

346

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit : HERA, ARRA and beyond  

E-print Network

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) has arguably been the most successful government subsidy to finance affordable housing. Since its creation in the Tax Reform Act of 1986 as Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 42, ...

Korb, Jason (Jason Bryan Patricof)

2009-01-01

347

75 FR 63194 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Comment Request Housing Trust Fund  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DC 20410; e-mail colette.pollard@hud.gov or telephone (202) 402-3400. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marcia Sigal, Director, Program Policy Division, Office of Affordable Housing Programs, Department of Housing and Urban...

2010-10-14

348

Meeting the Need for Child Care: Problems and Progress. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A hearing was held to identify problems and assess progress in the provision of affordable, high quality child care. Testimony concerned: (1) problems working parents have had in providing care for their young children; (2) day care initiatives and needs in California; (3) ways in which San Mateo County used its housing and community development

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

349

Japan's manufactured housing capability. A review of the industry and assessment of future impact on the US market  

SciTech Connect

The Japanese have what is generally recognized as the most advanced manufactured housing capability in the world. With heavy reliance on computerized design and inventory control systems, assembly-line production, robotics and sizable research and development budgets, Japan has developed a high-tech housing approach distinct from that found in the United States. Japan's manufactured housing capability and its benefits in producing high quality housing at an affordable price are surveyed. The housing market in Japan and the United States will be compared and the potential impact of Japanese manufactured housing on the United States assessed. Though Japan's manufactured housing capability offers great promise, there are several issues that limit the direct import of these technologies as currently practiced to the United States. Among these obstacles are: (1) inappropriate heating and cooling systems and levels of energy conservation for many areas of the US; (2) the high cost of capitalizing major new housing plants; (3) the design inflexibility of some manufactured housing products; and (4) the difficulty of marketing a mass-produced housing product in the US with its differing regional and local building codes.

Sackett, J.G.

1986-05-01

350

The exercise of power to limit the development of new housing in the English countryside  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author argues that power is being exercised by rural elites to prevent much-needed new housing being built in the English countryside. Evidence is presented from five case-study local authorities in rural England, via analysis of interview data and policy documents produced at the regional and local plan-making level. Technocratic explanations for the ongoing failure of the planning system to

John Sturzaker

2010-01-01

351

Housing markets : Mexico  

E-print Network

What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

2009-01-01

352

Houses for Dorchester  

E-print Network

The intent of this thesis is to develop a design for thirty units of housing responding to the development objectives of the Nuestra Comunidad Development Corporation (NCDC) in the Upham Corner district of Dorchester. It ...

Chalmers, Thomas C. (Thomas Clark)

1987-01-01

353

Development of Electrophoretic Process for Coating T-53 Air Diffuser, Exhaust Diffuser, and Combustion Chamber Housing with 'Sermetel W' (Trade Name).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report covers activities accomplished to develop an electrophoretic coating method for the application of 'SERMETEL W' to all critical surfaces of the exhaust diffuser, air diffuser and combustion chamber housing of the T-53 engine. 'SERMETEL W' has b...

K. A. Gebler

1967-01-01

354

A Place To Call Home. The Crisis in Housing for the Poor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most low-income households, housing has become increasingly unaffordable. High housing cost burdens have serious implications, including the growing problems of homelessness and hunger. Data on national trends and housing conditions suggest that just as the affordable housing problems worsened dramatically for low-income households between the…

Leonard, Paul A.; And Others

355

77 FR 37248 - Delegations of Authority for the Office of Housing-Federal Housing Administration (FHA...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh...facilities. C. Office of Architecture and Engineering. This...Department of Housing and Urban Development Act (42...Director, Office of Architecture and Engineering...

2012-06-20

356

Development of an ASHRAE 152-2004 Duct Model for the Single-Family Residential House  

E-print Network

-12-11 Proceedings of the Sixteenth Symposium on Improving Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates, Plano, TX, December 15-17, 2008 A computer model of the as-built case-study house was constructed using the DOE-2.1e program (version 119). The Draw... and Humid Climates, Plano, TX, December 15-17, 2008 Schedule = 1 Schedule = 1 5 Thermal mass mode, Air-change = 15, Infiltration Schedule = 1 Thermal mass mode, Air-change = 15, Infiltration Schedule = 1 6 Thermal mass mode, Air-change = 20...

Kim, S.; Haberl, J.

357

Future perfect : reintegrating housing and production in the Berlin Block/  

E-print Network

The beginning of the 21st century has been marked by an apparently ubiquitous state of crisis, which transcends national boundaries and is reshaping global relationships. Financial meltdowns, the lack of affordable housing, ...

Wuttig, Mark Oliver

2011-01-01

358

Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some of the efforts of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (SPNEA) to preserve, conserve, and interpret historic houses to the public. Examines the history and some of the specific preservation problems concerning the Beauport Cottage, the Sayward-Wheeler House, and the Gropius House. (MJP)

Curtis, Nancy

1997-01-01

359

The 880 Square Foot House: A small residential design that transforms to accommodate multiple household types  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exist a multitude of problems within the United States housing market. First is a lack of affordability. Forty-two percent of Americans cannot afford to purchase a home (Savage, 2009). Many households devote more than 50% of their income to paying for housing (Quigley & Raphael, 2004). Also, families with lower incomes will pay a higher rate of interest to

Adrianne Wimberley Kautz

2011-01-01

360

Healthy Families Brooklyn: Working with Health Advocates to Develop a Health Promotion Program for Residents Living in New York City Housing Authority Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decreasing health disparities must increase access to care, improve health education and ease navigating the health care system.\\u000a Community Health Workers (CHW) take on these tasks in professional and culturally competent manners. The Healthy Families\\u000a Brooklyn (HFB) Program serves residents in two public housing developments in Brooklyn, NY. Healthy Families Advocates (HFA),\\u000a a type of CHW, are at the core

Necole BrownNicole; Nicole A. Vaughn; Alison J. Lin; Ruth Browne; Marilyn White; Paul Smith

361

MISSE-X: Affordable Space Environment Testing  

NASA Video Gallery

MISSEâ??X is a robotically serviceable ISS external facility providing government, industry and academia experimenters with affordable access to space for materials durability testing of potential ...

362

24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01...Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2013-04-01

363

24 CFR 213.277 - Right and liability under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01...under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.277 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2012-04-01

364

24 CFR 213.277 - Right and liability under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01...under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.277 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2011-04-01

365

24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01...Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2012-04-01

366

24 CFR 213.277 - Right and liability under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01...under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.277 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2014-04-01

367

24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01...Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2014-04-01

368

24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01...Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2011-04-01

369

24 CFR 213.277 - Right and liability under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01...under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.277 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2013-04-01

370

New Alternative Housing Option!! Fun, Affordable Student Housing In Downtown Pittsburgh.  

E-print Network

Commons presents a unique opportunity for students to experience the shopping, jobs, theaters, art venues, and many distinctive Pittsburgh dining. For More Information Call Panther Central at: 412-648-1100 *Rooms for more of the college-life feel. Also, there are many different students here from many different schools

Sibille, Etienne

371

Development of Affordable Bioelectronic Interfaces Using  

E-print Network

) Charge (Q) Surface coverage () Time Potential E1 E2 Time Current Q nFA = ' ' " " et et et et ' ' I = k) Maximum turnover (TRmax) max sat cat oI I TR Fn A - = Time Potential E1 E2 E1 Potential Current of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science 2 -Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Michigan

372

Dopamine, Affordance and Active Inference  

PubMed Central

The role of dopamine in behaviour and decision-making is often cast in terms of reinforcement learning and optimal decision theory. Here, we present an alternative view that frames the physiology of dopamine in terms of Bayes-optimal behaviour. In this account, dopamine controls the precision or salience of (external or internal) cues that engender action. In other words, dopamine balances bottom-up sensory information and top-down prior beliefs when making hierarchical inferences (predictions) about cues that have affordance. In this paper, we focus on the consequences of changing tonic levels of dopamine firing using simulations of cued sequential movements. Crucially, the predictions driving movements are based upon a hierarchical generative model that infers the context in which movements are made. This means that we can confuse agents by changing the context (order) in which cues are presented. These simulations provide a (Bayes-optimal) model of contextual uncertainty and set switching that can be quantified in terms of behavioural and electrophysiological responses. Furthermore, one can simulate dopaminergic lesions (by changing the precision of prediction errors) to produce pathological behaviours that are reminiscent of those seen in neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease. We use these simulations to demonstrate how a single functional role for dopamine at the synaptic level can manifest in different ways at the behavioural level. PMID:22241972

Friston, Karl J.; Shiner, Tamara; FitzGerald, Thomas; Galea, Joseph M.; Adams, Rick; Brown, Harriet; Dolan, Raymond J.; Moran, Rosalyn; Stephan, Klaas Enno; Bestmann, Sven

2012-01-01

373

24 CFR 81.17 - Affordability-Income level definitions-family size and income known (owner-occupied units, actual...  

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.17 Affordability—Income level definitions—family size and income known (owner-occupied...

2014-04-01

374

24 CFR 81.17 - Affordability-Income level definitions-family size and income known (owner-occupied units, actual...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.17 Affordability—Income level definitions—family size and income known (owner-occupied...

2012-04-01

375

24 CFR 81.17 - Affordability-Income level definitions-family size and income known (owner-occupied units, actual...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.17 Affordability—Income level definitions—family size and income known (owner-occupied...

2011-04-01

376

24 CFR 81.17 - Affordability-Income level definitions-family size and income known (owner-occupied units, actual...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.17 Affordability—Income level definitions—family size and income known (owner-occupied...

2013-04-01

377

Impacts of housing development on nutrients flow along canals in a peri-urban area of Bangkok, Thailand.  

PubMed

Change of nutrients load and flow according to land-use change induced by housing development was investigated in Bang Yai, Nonthaburi, Thailand, which located in the peri-urban area of Bangkok. Each house in the newly developed residential community was regulated to be equipped with a septic tank to collect night soil. However, greywater and leachate from the septic tank was collected by a community sewage system and discharged into the canals with insufficient treatment, while the canals still function as infrastructure for irrigation and transportation. In the study area, built-up area became 1.4 times and agricultural fields decreased by 13% from 2003 until 2007. Total nutrients load to the canals was increased by 25% as nitrogen and 14% as phosphorus according to the increase of built-up area. Net nutrients load from agricultural fields was largely set off when we evaluated nutrients inflow from the canals to the agricultural field through irrigation. Consequently, nutrients load from domestic wastewater accounted most of net nutrients load into the canal. PMID:20182088

Honda, R; Hara, Y; Sekiyama, M; Hiramatsu, A

2010-01-01

378

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (a) The provisions...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (b) As used in connection...finance the unpaid purchase price of a Corporate Certificate...of a cooperative ownership housing corporation in which...

2013-04-01

379

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (a) The provisions...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (b) As used in connection...finance the unpaid purchase price of a Corporate Certificate...of a cooperative ownership housing corporation in which...

2014-04-01

380

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (a) The provisions...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (b) As used in connection...finance the unpaid purchase price of a Corporate Certificate...of a cooperative ownership housing corporation in which...

2012-04-01

381

Affordability Engineering: Bridging the Gap Between Design and Cost  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Affordability is a commonly used term that takes on numerous meanings depending on the context used. Within conceptual design of complex systems, the term generally implies comparisons between expected costs and expected resources. This characterization is largely correct, but does not convey the many nuances and considerations that are frequently misunderstood and underappreciated. In the most fundamental sense, affordability and cost directly relate to engineering and programmatic decisions made throughout development programs. Systems engineering texts point out that there is a temporal aspect to this relationship, for decisions made earlier in a program dictate design implications much more so than those made during latter phases. This paper explores affordability engineering and its many sub-disciplines by discussing how it can be considered an additional engineering discipline to be balanced throughout the systems engineering and systems analysis processes. Example methods of multidisciplinary design analysis with affordability as a key driver will be discussed, as will example methods of data visualization, probabilistic analysis, and other ways of relating design decisions to affordability results.

Reeves, J. D.; DePasquale, Dominic; Lim, Evan

2010-01-01

382

Influence of housing and season on pubertal development, boar taint compounds and skin lesions of male pigs.  

PubMed

Rearing entire pigs may lead to meat quality and welfare problems in relation to pubertal development. A better knowledge of the sources of variation of pubertal development, behaviour and boar taint is needed before generalizing entire male pigs. From 84 days of age, entire male pigs were reared in groups of 10 either in a conventional (C, 1 m²/animal, slatted floor) or an enriched (E, 2.5 m²/animal, straw bedding, outdoor run) housing during spring or autumn and fed ad libitum (n=10/housing/season). Mounting behaviour was observed for 3 h during the third (M3), fourth (M4) and fifth (M5) months of age. The total number of skin lesions was counted on both sides of the pigs 1 day before the behavioural recordings. The time spent in the outdoor run was also recorded during 3 days per month. The animals were slaughtered at 161±1 days of age (122±9 kg live weight). Blood samples were collected at 89 (M3), 119 (M4) and 152 (M5) days of age and at slaughter for the testosterone and oestradiol measurements. The testes were collected at slaughter, freed from the surrounding tissues and weighed. The fat samples were collected for the androstenone and skatole concentration measurement. Plasma testosterone and oestradiol-17? (oestradiol), fat androstenone and skatole and weight of the testes did not differ between the housing systems. Plasma testosterone (8.3 v. 3.9 nmol/l, P<0.05) and oestradiol (12.0 v. 9.2 pmol/l, P<0.1) at M3, fat skatole (0.124 v. 0.043, P<0.03) and weight of the testes (587 v. 512 g, P<0.05) were higher in the autumn than in the spring trial, suggesting that the pubertal development was accelerated. The number of received mounting behaviours was slightly higher in the autumn (P=0.08) trial and was markedly higher in the E than in the C environment (P<0.003). Skin lesions were more numerous in the C than in the E housing at M4 and M5 and in the spring than in the autumn trial at M3 and M4 (P<0.05). Fat androstenone and the number of performed mounting behaviours were significantly correlated between each other and with numerous indicators of the pubertal development (P<0.05). The number of skin lesions was correlated with plasma testosterone and live weight (P<0.05). Overall, this study suggests the effect of season on sexual development, the effect of the housing system on behaviour, and demonstrates the links between sexual hormones, behaviour and boar taint. PMID:24047862

Prunier, A; Brillouët, A; Merlot, E; Meunier-Salaün, M C; Tallet, C

2013-12-01

383

REGULATION AND THE HIGH COST OF HOUSING Regulation and the High Cost of Housing in California  

E-print Network

the national inflation rate. During the past three years, housing prices in five coastal counties increased development over housing construction, to favor development of expensive housing over moderately priced land-use regulations, growth in the hous- ing stock, and housing prices in California cities. First, we

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

384

Maintaining Missouri's Tradition of Affordable Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides contextual background for the Missouri Commission on the Affordability of Higher Education, which was established in 1998 to engage students, parents, business, higher education, and public policy leaders in a systematic dialogue aimed at ensuring that an affordable college education stays within reach of Missouri citizens.…

Missouri Coordinating Board for Higher Education, Jefferson City.

385

Affordable Care Act (ACA) & College Students  

E-print Network

$ Affordable Care Act (ACA) & College Students Basic Information You Should Know 1. Your Parents Insurance Plan (SHIP) MARKETPLACE Also known as the Marketplace, this is a key feature of the ACA. Shop Insurance? The ACA Penalty Explained Starting in 2014, the Affordable Care Act mandates that most people

Tullos, Desiree

386

College Affordability: Implications for College Opportunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

By examining trends in college affordability, this article explores the extent to which the public perception that college is not affordable is justified. First, the article describes trends in national indicators that contribute to ability to pay, including income growth, health care costs, debt burden, and personal savings rates. Trends in college pricing, including tuition and fees, unmet financial need,

Laura W. Perna; Chunyan Li

2006-01-01

387

The affordances of media spaces for collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I discuss the affordances offered by media spaces for collaboration, contrasting their properties with those of the everyday medium and exploring the implications for perception and interaction. Collaboration is situated in a physical environment which supports or constrains the various forms social interactions might take. An analysis of the affordances of the environment - the properties that

William W. Gaver

1992-01-01

388

DOE-HUD initiative on energy efficiency in housing: A federal partnership  

SciTech Connect

A five-year initiative between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) demonstrated the feasibility of improving the energy efficiency of publicly-assisted housing. Twenty-seven projects and activities undertaken during 1990--95 involved research and field demonstrations, institutional and administrative changes to HUD policies and procedures, innovative financing and leveraging of federal dollars with non-federal money, and education, training, and technical assistance. With most of the 27 projects and activities completed, the two departments have initiated a five-year deployment effort, the DOE-Energy Partnerships for Affordable Homes, to achieve energy and water savings in public and assisted housing on a large scale throughout the country. A Clearinghouse for Energy Efficiency in Public and Assisted Housing managed by the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT), will offer hands-on energy assistance to housing providers to complement DOE`s assistance. This paper presents the findings of the DOE-HUD Initiative, with primary attention paid to those projects which successfully integrated energy efficiency into private and public single and multifamily housing. The paper includes examples of the publications, case-study reports, exhibits and videotapes developed during the course of the Initiative. Information on the new DOE Energy Partnerships and on the NCAT Clearinghouse is also presented. New Partnership projects with the Atlanta and Chicago Housing Authorities describe the technical assistance envisioned under the Partnership.

Brinch, J. [Energetics, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Ternes, M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Myers, M. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-07-01

389

Homelessness and Housing: A Human Tragedy, A Moral Challenge. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development of the Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Catholic charities and church groups have been actively engaged in providing basic shelter needs for homeless people long before the issue of homelessness came to the national attention. The purpose of this hearing was to allow the U.S. Catholic Conference and its Domestic Policy Committee to present its report, "Homelessness and Housing: A Human…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs.

390

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum Of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

391

Learning at Work: Organisational Affordances and Individual Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to explore the interaction between organisational affordances for the development of individuals' capability, and the engagement of workers at various levels with those opportunities. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of a large New Zealand wine company, using in-depth interviews. Interviews were…

Bryson, Jane; Pajo, Karl; Ward, Robyn; Mallon, Mary

2006-01-01

392

Gift Planning: You Can't Afford Not to  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of reaching out to donors and securing gifts from alumni and other community members presents its share of challenges for community colleges. But, as funding experts Richard H. Morley and Mike Gaudette of the Council for Resource Development write in "Gift Planning: You Can't Afford Not To," there exists a huge financial incentive for…

Morley, Richard H.; Gaudette, Mike

2009-01-01

393

AHI V4 04/14 AFFORDABLE HEALTHCARE  

E-print Network

AHI V4 ­ 04/14 AFFORDABLE HEALTHCARE A Wellcome Trust scheme to support R&D in India Application Technology Transfer Officer/Business Officer Surname Forename(s) Title Employing organisation Contact address spaces) Q2 Please provide a summary of the technology to be further developed (no more than 200 words) Q3

Rambaut, Andrew

394

Economy in energy through alternative sources of energy in mass-housing of developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is an integral part of the development process and a major determinant for the improvement of the quality of life in human settlements. Skyrocketing oil price increases in recent years has made development increasingly difficult for at least two-thirds of the developing countries. An increasing number of developing countries are searching for new sources of energy and more efficient

Sinha

1980-01-01

395

Understanding the World Housing Boom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper develops an open,economy,growth,model,with land and housing services to account,for interna- tional evidence on the behavior of housing prices since 1970. An 18-country panel data set on housing prices and other aggregate variables indicates a “multiplier”e¤ect in which housing,price growth,varies much,more than one-for-one with overall economic growth, both across countries and within countries over time. The key insight

James A. Kahn

396

Affordable diagnostics--changing the paradigm in India.  

PubMed

A successful strategy for developing affordable diagnostics begins with a shift in viewpoint. Diagnostics is a tool for generating clinical information. Amassed experience in different parts of the globe has shown that this process of generating and utilizing clinical information is not only different among various countries but also different in microenvironments within the same country. The development of affordable diagnostics requires consideration not only of the component costs such as hardware and consumables but also other related costs that contribute to the generation and delivery of that information. It is important to recognize that these costs associated with public health in resource-poor settings cannot remain at the mercy of charitable contributions from western nations. Therefore, the challenge of technological innovation is to create solutions that are locally affordable and sustainable in the long run within the local macroeconomic constraints. The solutions should permit generation of local economic activity that will reinforce long-term economic sustainability. For this reason it is essential not only to analyze the diagnostic process but also to define a pathway by which local healthcare systems in recipient nations can be endowed with elements that empower them to acquire and practice up-to-date modern diagnostic skills. The objective of this paper is to provide a wider view of diagnostic cost components and to show how solutions developed and delivered locally have resulted in economically affordable as well as sustainable products. PMID:18271018

Manian, Bala S

2008-01-01

397

A panelized roof system for residential construction : development, application, and evaluation  

E-print Network

The challenge of providing affordable housing has long been an issue with which architects and builders have been struggling. In an effort to improve both the quality and the affordability of the housing stock that is being ...

McCormick, Michael J. (Michael James)

1994-01-01

398

Traditional Housing Designs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Use of timber for housing construction in developing countries, with special reference to traditional building design - covers (1) the critical shortage of adequate dwellings; problems of providing appropriate building materials; need for use of available...

1986-01-01

399

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

400

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development  

E-print Network

, or the National Center for Healthy Housing. For additional copies of this manual, download a PDF (http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/publications/books .........................................................................................................................12 Children's Play Areas

401

Services for Seniors (Affordable Care Act)  

MedlinePLUS

... Tumblr Myspace Close Text Size: A A A Services for Seniors The Affordable Care Act strengthens Medicare, offers eligible seniors a range of preventive services with no cost-sharing, and provides discounts on ...

402

Conservation and tourism development of house settlements in Moso matriarchate in Lugu Lake area  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the present situation of the settlement and the influence of tourism development and construction. It\\u000a discusses the attitude toward the conservation and development of the settlement as well as the way to maintain the production,\\u000a life, and culture of the Mosian and the way to promote the sustainable development of the settlement by tourism.

Yaoyun Xing; Zhujiu Xia; Jian Dai

2009-01-01

403

American surgery and the Affordable Care Act.  

PubMed

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) attempts to change the way we finance and deliver health care by coordinating the delivery of primary, specialty, and hospital services in accountable care organizations. The ways in which accountable care organizations will develop and evolve is unclear; however, the effects on surgeons and their patients will be substantial. High-value care in the ACA emphasizes quality, safety, resource use and appropriateness, and the patient's experience of care. Payment will be linked to these principles. Department chairs overseeing a clinical enterprise in academic medical centers now must add financial and quality measures to the traditional missions of education, research, and clinical service. At a time when surgical training is in dramatic evolution, with work hour limitations for residents and an emphasis on quality, productivity, and increasing oversight of trainees for faculty, residency programs will need to meet the increasing demands of an aging population and newly insured patients under the ACA. The American College of Surgeons, with its century-long commitment to quality improvement, research-based standards, and performance measurement and verification, has begun its Inspiring Quality Campaign, is developing new educational tools, and is preparing proposals for payment reform based on surgeons' participation in quality programs. PMID:25103573

Stain, Steven C; Hoyt, David B; Hunter, John G; Joyce, Geoffrey; Hiatt, Jonathan R

2014-09-01

404

Modulation of visual attention by object affordance  

PubMed Central

Some objects in our environment are strongly tied to motor actions, a phenomenon called object affordance. A cup, for example, affords us to reach out to it and grasp it by its handle. Studies indicate that merely viewing an affording object triggers motor activations in the brain. The present study investigated whether object affordance would also result in an attention bias, that is, whether observers would rather attend to graspable objects within reach compared to non-graspable but reachable objects or to graspable objects out of reach. To this end, we conducted a combined reaction time and motion tracking study with a table in a virtual three-dimensional space. Two objects were positioned on the table, one near, the other one far from the observer. In each trial, two graspable objects, two non-graspable objects, or a combination of both was presented. Participants were instructed to detect a probe appearing on one of the objects as quickly as possible. Detection times served as indirect measure of attention allocation. The motor association with the graspable object was additionally enhanced by having participants grasp a real object in some of the trials. We hypothesized that visual attention would be preferentially allocated to the near graspable object, which should be reflected in reduced reaction times in this condition. Our results confirm this assumption: probe detection was fastest at the graspable object at the near position compared to the far position or to a non-graspable object. A follow-up experiment revealed that in addition to object affordance per se, immediate graspability of an affording object may also influence this near-space advantage. Our results suggest that visuospatial attention is preferentially allocated to affording objects which are immediately graspable, and thus establish a strong link between an object’ s motor affordance and visual attention. PMID:24567725

Garrido-Vásquez, Patricia; Schubö, Anna

2014-01-01

405

Development of sexual behaviour in commercially-housed broiler breeders after mixing  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. It has been reported that broiler breeder males behave aggressively towards females during mating. However, the cause of this aggressive sexual behaviour is not yet clear. In this experiment we studied the development of the sexual behaviour in male and female broiler breeders from mixing (20 weeks of age) until complete development of the behaviour (28 weeks of age)

Jong de I. C; M. Wolthuis; Emous van R. A

2009-01-01

406

Development of sexual behaviour in commercially-housed broiler breeders after mixing  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.?It has been reported that broiler breeder males behave aggressively towards females during mating. However, the cause of this aggressive sexual behaviour is not yet clear. In this experiment we studied the development of the sexual behaviour in male and female broiler breeders from mixing (20 weeks of age) until complete development of the behaviour (28 weeks of age) to

I. C. De Jong; M. Wolthuis-Fillerup; R. A. Van Emous

2009-01-01

407

Using KIE To Help Students Develop Shared Criteria for House Designs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can students develop shared criteria for problems that have no "right" answer? Ill-structured problems of this sort are called design problems. Like portfolio projects, these problems are difficult to evaluate for both teachers and students. This investigation contrasts two methods for developing shared criteria for project evaluation.…

Cuthbert, Alex; Hoadley, Christopher M.

408

Building America Developments and Ground Breaking News: Aug. 2000 issue  

SciTech Connect

Building America Developments on-line newsletter highlights the Erie-Ellington Homes publicly-funded housing project in Boston, Massachusetts. A Building America and industry partnership that produced energy-efficient manufactured homes built with foam core panels is featured. Also, Habitat for Humanity dedicates two energy-efficient test houses in East Tennessee, and affordable, healthy homes are offered in metro Atlanta. Upcoming events in the Building America Program are also listed.

Hendron, B.; Epstein, K.; Anderson, J.

2000-09-08

409

ARAACtional exuberance : lessons and prospects for age-restricted active adult housing development in Massachusetts  

E-print Network

In the last fifteen years, Massachusetts and neighboring states have experienced explosive growth in a hitherto alien form of residential development to the region: the age-restricted active adult retirement community ...

Dawson, Sloan William

2010-01-01

410

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

411

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development  

E-print Network

and health issues in manufactured structures based on a wide expanse of research. The end result as interim housing following a disaster, additional health/safety issues can arise. The specific topics, indoor air quality (IAQ), pests and pesticides, siting and installation, utilities, postdisaster housing

412

24 CFR 901.220 - Resident participation in competitive proposals to manage the housing of a PHA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 901.220 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING MANAGEMENT ASSESSMENT PROGRAM §...

2010-04-01

413

Affordable Window Insulation with R-10\\/inch Rating  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the performance of contract DE-FC26-00-NT40998, entitled ''Affordable Window Insulation with R-10\\/inch Value'', research was conducted at Aspen Aerogels, Inc. to develop new transparent aerogel materials suitable for window insulation applications. The project requirements were to develop a formulation or multiple formulations that have high transparency (85-90%) in the visible region, are hydrophobic (will not opacify with exposure to water

Jenifer Marchesi Redouane Begag; Je Kyun Lee; Danny Ou; Jong Ho Sonn; George Gould; Wendell Rhine

2004-01-01

414

Monitoring the price and affordability of foods and diets globally.  

PubMed

Food prices and food affordability are important determinants of food choices, obesity and non-communicable diseases. As governments around the world consider policies to promote the consumption of healthier foods, data on the relative price and affordability of foods, with a particular focus on the difference between 'less healthy' and 'healthy' foods and diets, are urgently needed. This paper briefly reviews past and current approaches to monitoring food prices, and identifies key issues affecting the development of practical tools and methods for food price data collection, analysis and reporting. A step-wise monitoring framework, including measurement indicators, is proposed. 'Minimal' data collection will assess the differential price of 'healthy' and 'less healthy' foods; 'expanded' monitoring will assess the differential price of 'healthy' and 'less healthy' diets; and the 'optimal' approach will also monitor food affordability, by taking into account household income. The monitoring of the price and affordability of 'healthy' and 'less healthy' foods and diets globally will provide robust data and benchmarks to inform economic and fiscal policy responses. Given the range of methodological, cultural and logistical challenges in this area, it is imperative that all aspects of the proposed monitoring framework are tested rigorously before implementation. PMID:24074213

Lee, A; Mhurchu, C N; Sacks, G; Swinburn, B; Snowdon, W; Vandevijvere, S; Hawkes, C; L'abbé, M; Rayner, M; Sanders, D; Barquera, S; Friel, S; Kelly, B; Kumanyika, S; Lobstein, T; Ma, J; Macmullan, J; Mohan, S; Monteiro, C; Neal, B; Walker, C

2013-10-01

415

Unauthorised development and seismic hazard vulnerability: a study of squatters and engineers in Istanbul, Turkey.  

PubMed

Many cities in developing nations have experienced an influx of poor migrants in search of work. This population influx has often been accommodated through land squatting, irregular construction and unauthorised housing. For the urban poor, this has resulted in immediate affordable housing; however, this housing frequently has long-term vulnerability to natural hazards. This article examines the ways in which squatters in Istanbul, Turkey, understand the seismic vulnerability of their unauthorised housing. Distrust of professional engineers and contractors has led Istanbul squatters to believe that self-built housing will not only be less costly but also safer than commercially built housing. The impact of residents' risk perceptions on their vulnerability to natural hazards is examined through a comparison of social attitudes regarding safe housing and the quality of unauthorised construction. This comparison highlights how squatters' risk perceptions necessitate innovative means of reducing vulnerability in unauthorised neighbourhoods of developing cities. PMID:18958909

Green, Rebekah A

2008-09-01

416

A New Measure of Medication Affordability  

PubMed Central

This study developed a new measure of medication affordability that examines out-of-pocket drug expenses relative to available household resources. The authors assessed the spending patterns of ~2.1 million poor households (?100% federal poverty level) of adults aged 51 and older by Medicaid status. The data were drawn from the 2000–2001 Health and Retirement Study. Household spending was categorized into three broad types: basic living, health care, and discretionary. Older (aged 51 or older) poor households without Medicaid allocated about 72% of their total resources ($17,421, SE $783) to basic living needs. In comparison, those with Medicaid had scarcer total resources ($12,498, SE $423) and allocated 85% to basic living needs. Medication costs consumed the largest proportion of health care expenses for both types of poor households (Medicaid: $463, SE $67; non-Medicaid: $970, SE $102). After paying for basic living needs and health care costs, these families had, on average, only $16 left each week. Poor families have very few resources available for anything beyond basic living needs, even when they have Medicaid coverage. There is no great reservoir of discretionary funds to pay for increases in cost-sharing under Medicaid and Medicare Part D. PMID:19821195

BRIESACHER, BECKY; ROSS-DEGNAN, DENNIS; ADAMS, ALYCE; WAGNER, ANITA; GURWITZ, JERRY; SOUMERAI, STEPHAN

2010-01-01

417

77 FR 37241 - Delegations of Authority for the Office of Housing-Federal Housing Administration (FHA...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and...Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and...modify the principal balance, payments, interest...Housing Stability and Energy and Green Retrofit...modify the principal balance, payments, interest...Department of Housing and Urban Development...

2012-06-20

418

Keeping to the Private Market: The Evolution of Canadian Housing Policy: 1900-1949  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation traces the evolution of Canadian housing policy from 1935 to 1949 and examines the origins of the housing problems which promoted government programs. Housing problems, defined as a gap between affordability and an acceptable minimal standard of shelter, reached major proportions in rapidly expanding Canadian urban cities from 1900-1913. Exacerbation of these disparities by World War One, contributed

John C. Bacher

1985-01-01

419

KEEPING TO THE PRIVATE MARKET: THE EVOLUTION OF CANADIAN HOUSING POLICY: 1900-1949  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation traces the evolution of Canadian housing policy from 1935 to 1949 and examines the origins of the housing problems which promoted government programs. Housing problems, defined as a gap between affordability and an acceptable minimal standard of shelter, reached major proportions in rapidly expanding Canadian urban cities from 1900-1913. Exacerbation of these disparities by World War One, contributed

JOHN CHRISTOPHER BACHER

1985-01-01

420

Updated 7/8/2014 Off-Campus Housing Resource Guide for PSU Students  

E-print Network

://www.forrentuniversity.com/Portland-State-University/ Trulia http://www.trulia.com/for_rent/Portland,OR/type:rental_prices_affordability Near Campus HousingUpdated 7/8/2014 Off-Campus Housing Resource Guide for PSU Students Websites Several websites you might find helpful for off-campus housing information are: The Willamette Week - http

Latiolais, M. Paul

421

24 CFR 983.101 - Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01...983.101 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT-BASED...requirements for quality, architecture, or design of PBV...

2011-04-01

422

Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.

423

Individual Development Accounts for Housing Policy: Analysis of Individual and Program Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeownership is a desirable goal for most Americans and is considered an integral part of the American Dream. Empirical studies indicate homeownership has many positive outcomes. However, homeownership is not prevalent among low-income populations. Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) are matched savings accounts designed to help the working poor save for a home or other assets. This paper examines the savings

Michal Grinstein-Weiss; Gina A. N. Chowa; Adriane M. Casalotti

2010-01-01

424

Aspects of the Development of Housing for the Spaceflight of Pregnant and Lactating Rats with Neonates  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent and upcoming spaceflights are investigating the effect of weightlessness on developing neural and organ systems. Pregnant rats and dams with neonates have to be accommodated in cages that support the special requirements of these animals. Extensive ground testing of cage concepts, the effect of launch and landing stresses on the maintenance of pregnancy and maternal behavior at different neonatal ages, and techniques for monitoring adaptability to change are discussed. A spaceflight opportunity for the NlH.R3 payload of rat families at three different postnatal ages demonstrated that the survival of very young animals was not good but that older newborns could be returned to Earth in reasonably good health. The development of cages for the Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF) to support the flight of neonates on Neurolab was continued and incorporated modifications that were demonstrated by the NIH.R3 flight. Other modifications to the RAHF are discussed. Data from biocompatibility and experiment verification testing are presented.

Hinds, William E.; Mayer, David J.; Evans, Juli; Spratt, Shahn; Lane, Philip K.; Rodriguez, Shari L.; Navidi, Meena; Armstrong, Rachel; Lemos, Bonnie; Dalton, Bonnie P. (Technical Monitor)

1996-01-01

425

Burros: Simple, affordable, effective space transportation  

SciTech Connect

This note argues that space is the best place to put not only the sensors, but also the SBIs Spare Based Interceptors and DEWs Directed-Energy Weapons needed to address long-range, intra- and inter-theater missiles efficiently. There are real threats; they are likely to worsen. Ground-based defenses cannot handle them all affordably. Mixes are generally appropriate. There is a role for SBIs, but it doesn`t appear to require all of the capabilities built into the current SBIs at the outset. The SBIs that are needed now could be no more than cheap burros that were amenable to joint development and robust command for the protection of all. Their deployment for (GPALs) Global Protection Against Limited Strikes should not adversely impact the arms control or crisis stability of the strategic balance with the Soviet Union in any rational, concrete calculus, including that used by the Soviet Union. Deployment at low latitudes should give them adequate capability against theater launches but none against Soviet (ICMBs) International Ballist Missiles and only marginal, residual impact on (SLBMs) Submarine-Launched Ballistics Missiles. They should not either leave hot production capability of anything threatening or provoke untoward responses. We have a hot production line on Chevrolets that would pose more of a threat to the Soviet Union. Their inability to overcome even crude Soviet countermeasures would be an asset in this light. A companion effort could develop the brilliant eyes needed to guide them. A similar logic is possible with DEWs, but they are less developed and hence less at issue. 57 refs.

Canavan, G.H.

1992-05-01

426

Burros: Simple, affordable, effective space transportation  

SciTech Connect

This note argues that space is the best place to put not only the sensors, but also the SBIs Spare Based Interceptors and DEWs Directed-Energy Weapons needed to address long-range, intra- and inter-theater missiles efficiently. There are real threats; they are likely to worsen. Ground-based defenses cannot handle them all affordably. Mixes are generally appropriate. There is a role for SBIs, but it doesn't appear to require all of the capabilities built into the current SBIs at the outset. The SBIs that are needed now could be no more than cheap burros that were amenable to joint development and robust command for the protection of all. Their deployment for (GPALs) Global Protection Against Limited Strikes should not adversely impact the arms control or crisis stability of the strategic balance with the Soviet Union in any rational, concrete calculus, including that used by the Soviet Union. Deployment at low latitudes should give them adequate capability against theater launches but none against Soviet (ICMBs) International Ballist Missiles and only marginal, residual impact on (SLBMs) Submarine-Launched Ballistics Missiles. They should not either leave hot production capability of anything threatening or provoke untoward responses. We have a hot production line on Chevrolets that would pose more of a threat to the Soviet Union. Their inability to overcome even crude Soviet countermeasures would be an asset in this light. A companion effort could develop the brilliant eyes needed to guide them. A similar logic is possible with DEWs, but they are less developed and hence less at issue. 57 refs.

Canavan, G.H.

1992-05-01

427

Determinants of housing expenditure in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies estimate housing demand for developing countries. We contribute to the literature by estimating housing demand in Mexico, and analysing its main determinants. An advantage of this study is the use of market-based data of actual housing transactions. Our results show a strong positive influence of permanent and temporary income on housing demand.

Matias Fontenla; Fidel Gonzalez; Juan Carlos Navarro

2009-01-01

428

Conversion of residential neighborhoods into affordable assisted age-in-place communities  

E-print Network

The purpose of this thesis is to develop a new senior housing and service product for the aging population of the next decade. The thesis starts with an overview of the senior housing industry in its current condition in ...

Getz Schoen, Yael

2011-01-01

429

24 CFR 1006.215 - Housing management services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01...2013-04-01 false Housing management services. 1006.215...1006.215 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE...1006.215 Housing management services. NHHBG...

2013-04-01

430

24 CFR 1006.215 - Housing management services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01...2010-04-01 false Housing management services. 1006.215...1006.215 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE...1006.215 Housing management services. NHHBG...

2010-04-01

431

24 CFR 1006.215 - Housing management services.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Housing management services. 1006.215...1006.215 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE...1006.215 Housing management services. NHHBG...

2014-04-01

432

24 CFR 1006.215 - Housing management services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01...2012-04-01 false Housing management services. 1006.215...1006.215 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE...1006.215 Housing management services. NHHBG...

2012-04-01

433

24 CFR 1006.215 - Housing management services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01...2011-04-01 false Housing management services. 1006.215...1006.215 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE...1006.215 Housing management services. NHHBG...

2011-04-01

434

Are Maternal Antibodies Really That Important? Patterns in the Immunologic Development of Altricial Passerine House Sparrows (Passer domesticus)  

PubMed Central

Background Maternal antibodies are believed to play an integral role in protecting immunologically immature wild-passerines from environmental antigens. This study comprehensively examines the early development of the adaptive immune system in an altricial-developing wild passerine species, the house sparrow (Passer domestics), by characterizing the half-life of maternal antibodies in nestling plasma, the onset of de novo synthesis of endogenous antibodies by nestlings, and the timing of immunological independence, where nestlings rely entirely on their own antibodies for immunologic protection. Methodology/Principal Findings In an aviary study we vaccinated females against a novel antigen that these birds would not otherwise encounter in their natural environment, and measured both antigen-specific and total antibody concentration in the plasma of females, yolks, and nestlings. We traced the transfer of maternal antibodies from females to nestlings through the yolk and measured catabolisation of maternal antigen-specific antibodies in nestlings during early development. By utilizing measurements of non-specific and specific antibody levels in nestling plasma we were able to calculate the half-life of maternal antibodies in nestling plasma and the time point at which nestling were capable of synthesizing antibodies themselves. Based on the short half-life of maternal antibodies, the rapid production of endogenous antibodies by nestlings and the relatively low transfer of maternal antibodies to nestlings, our findings suggest that altricial-developing sparrows achieve immunologic independence much earlier than precocial birds. Conclusions/Significance To our knowledge, this is the first in depth analyses performed on the adaptive immune system of a wild-passerine species. Our results suggest that maternal antibodies may not confer the immunologic protection or immune priming previously proposed in other passerine studies. Further research needs to be conducted on other altricial passerines to determine if the results of our study are a species-specific phenomenon or if they apply to all altricial-developing birds. PMID:20300173

King, Marisa O.; Owen, Jeb P.; Schwabl, Hubert G.

2010-01-01

435

Report to the U.S. Agency for International Development on the Activities of Literacy House, Lucknow, India, July 1, 1964 - June 30, 1969.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The program of Literacy House in Lucknow, India includes training of personnel, preparation of materials, and sponsorship of a wide variety of programs. This report on their work, prepared to document the need for a budget request from the U.S. Agency for International Development, describes the achievement and prospects in programs relating to…

World Education, Inc., New York, NY.

436

Development of a Calibration Methodology for Code-compliant Simulation of a Case Study House in a Hot and Humid Climate  

E-print Network

This paper describes a comparison of the results between a code-compliant DOE-2 simulation and monthly utility bills for a case study house in College Station, Texas. The comparison of the results is a preliminary step toward the development...

Kim, K. H.; Haberl, J. S.

437

Habitat Metro Denver -- Perfecting Award-Winning Affordable Homes Using Building America's Integrated Design Approach  

SciTech Connect

Habitat for Humanity's goal is to supply quality housing to poor families while reducing their energy cost burden, especially in light of ever-increasing energy prices. Habitat Metro Denver partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Project and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to improve their construction and design process to create an affordable home that is not only cost-effective and volunteer friendly to build but highly energy efficient and a comfortable place to live.

Not Available

2004-12-01

438

Linking Public Health, Housing, and Indoor Environmental Policy: Successes and Challenges at Local and Federal Agencies in the United States  

PubMed Central

We describe the successes and challenges faced by federal and local government agencies in the United States as they have attempted in recent years to connect public and environmental health, housing, community development, and building design with environmental, housing, and building laws, codes, and policies. These policies can either contribute to or adversely affect human physical and mental health, with important implications for economic viability, research, policy development, and overall social stability and progress. Policy impediments include tension between housing affordability and health investment that causes inefficient cost-shifting, privacy issues, unclear statutory authority, and resulting gaps in responsibility for housing, indoor air, and the built environment. We contrast this with other environmental frameworks such as ambient air and water quality statutes where the concept of “shared commons” and the “polluter pays” is more robust. The U.S. experiences in childhood lead poisoning prevention, indoor air, and mold provide useful policy insights. Local programs can effectively build healthy homes capacity through local laws and housing codes. The experience of coordinating remediation for mold, asthma triggers, weatherization, and other healthy housing improvements in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, is highlighted. The U.S. experience shows that policymakers should adopt a prevention-oriented, comprehensive multi-disciplinary approach at all levels of government to prevent unhealthy buildings, houses, and communities. PMID:17589610

Jacobs, David E.; Kelly, Tom; Sobolewski, John

2007-01-01

439

Hood River Passive House  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

Hales, D.

2013-03-01

440

The Transformation of Ergonomic Affordances into Cultural Affordances: The Case of the Alnuset System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it possible to study the ergonomic affordances offered by a system designed for educational aims and their transformation into cultural affordances? To this purpose, what references can we adopt? This work describes the theoretical framework used to realise this study referring to AlNuSet, a system realised within the EC ReMath project to…

Chiappini, Giampaolo

2012-01-01

441

The affordable care act 2010: educational needs of bedside nurses.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) significantly impacts bedside nurses who must participate in organizational change and provide resources to patients. A health reform educational needs assessment was distributed to nurses from a midsized community hospital located in an elevated-need and medically underserved area in New England. Many nurses indicated that more knowledge was needed and they lacked information about the educational incentives. Health policy professional development opportunities are required to inform bedside nursing practice. PMID:25203419

Hynds, Robin L; Hatch, Jessica L; Samuels, Joanne G

2014-01-01

442

Building the affordable medical home.  

PubMed

Medical homes and accountable care organizations have become the great hope for many health industry stakeholders and policy makers seeking to reconstitute fragmented healthcare delivery within a coordinated cost-conscious framework. The need to increase coordination has been evident to analysts for many years and, in the past, has resulted in developments such as capitation and disease management. The hope of these reforms is that through changes in risk/reward to providers or by layering in external programs to improve patient coordination the system will improve patient outcomes and reduce total cost. This article describes a pilot project to create a medical home that is built upon changing existing payment incentives but tying these incentives directly to the outcomes of care experienced by patients. It is at variance with most proposals to create medical homes in that it is self-funded, allowing rapid scaling, and is largely agnostic toward the precise practice pattern employed. Put succinctly, it encourages practice patterns that improve patient outcomes without dictating what they should be. PMID:20027004

Fuller, Richard L; Clinton, Scott; Goldfield, Norbert I; Kelly, William P

2010-01-01

443

The Affordable Care Act and orthopaedic trauma.  

PubMed

The Affordable Care Act has resulted in a dramatic governmental restructuring of the healthcare insurance market and delivery system. Orthopaedic traumatologists must be aware of the law's impact on their clinical practice, finances, and overall business model. This includes the effect of accountable care organizations, the Independent Payment Advisory Board, and the Physician Value-Based Payment Modifier program, as well as the impact of the Affordable Care Act's grace period provision, medical device excise tax, and cuts to funding for the Disproportionate Share Hospital program. PMID:25229683

Issar, Neil M; Jahangir, A Alex

2014-10-01

444

Affordance Templates for Shared Robot Control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper introduces the Affordance Template framework used to supervise task behaviors on the NASA-JSC Valkyrie robot at the 2013 DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) Trials. This framework provides graphical interfaces to human supervisors that are adjustable based on the run-time environmental context (e.g., size, location, and shape of objects that the robot must interact with, etc.). Additional improvements, described below, inject degrees of autonomy into instantiations of affordance templates at run-time in order to enable efficient human supervision of the robot for accomplishing tasks.

Hart, Stephen; Dinh, Paul; Hambuchen, Kim

2014-01-01

445

24 CFR 100.304 - Housing for persons who are 55 years of age or older.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...304 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT FAIR HOUSING DISCRIMINATORY...ownership; (6) A mobile home park; and...

2010-04-01

446

24 CFR 100.304 - Housing for persons who are 55 years of age or older.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...304 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT FAIR HOUSING DISCRIMINATORY...ownership; (6) A mobile home park; and...

2011-04-01

447

Stipend and Living TIGP offers a rigorous, interdisciplinary education at an affordable price. Tuition fees are due upon registration  

E-print Network

with the pace of today's fast evolving scientific and technological world and to promoteStipend and Living TIGP offers a rigorous, interdisciplinary education at an affordable price with the thesis advisor. For housing, first year students have the option to live in the TIGP Dormitory which

448

No Role for Motor Affordances in Visual Working Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motor affordances have been shown to play a role in visual object identification and categorization. The present study explored whether working memory is likewise supported by motor affordances. Use of motor affordances should be disrupted by motor interference, and this effect should be larger for objects that have motor affordances than for…

Pecher, Diane

2013-01-01

449

The interplay between sensory-motor and intentional affordances  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Interaction Design affordance is so far the most well known concept coming from the embodied view of cognition. Yet it is hard to disagree that notwithstanding the effort to make of affordances a heuristic resource in the design process, affordances have been used post-hoc or as exploitation of existing human dispositions. However affordances have mostly been considered in contest

Antonio Rizzo; Maria DeMonte; Elisa Rubegni; Silvia Torsi

450

Housing and child health.  

PubMed

The connection between housing and health is well established. Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the child's home, such as cleanliness, moisture, pests, noise, accessibility, injury risks, and other forms of housing environmental quality, all have the potential to influence multiple aspects of the health and development of children. Basic sanitation, reduced household crowding, other improvements in housing and expanded, and improved housing regulations have led to advances in children's health. For example, lead poisoning prevention policies have profoundly reduced childhood lead exposure in the United States. This and many other successes highlight the health benefits for families, particularly children, by targeting interventions that reduce or eliminate harmful exposures in the home. Additionally, parental mental health problems, food insecurity, domestic violence, and the presence of guns in children's homes all are largely experienced by children in their homes, which are not as yet considered part of the Healthy Homes agenda. There is a large movement and now a regulatory structure being put in place for healthy housing, which is becoming closely wedded with environmental health, public health, and the practice of pediatrics. The importance of homes in children's lives, history of healthy homes, asthma, and exposures to lead, carbon monoxide, secondhand/thirdhand smoke, radon, allergy triggers is discussed, as well as how changes in ambient temperature, increased humidity, poor ventilation, water quality, infectious diseases, housing structure, guns, electronic media, family structure, and domestic violence all affect children's health. PMID:23953987

Weitzman, Michael; Baten, Ahmareen; Rosenthal, David G; Hoshino, Risa; Tohn, Ellen; Jacobs, David E

2013-09-01

451

24 CFR 1000.144 - Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life provisions of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life...ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.144 Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful...

2010-04-01

452

Are Selective Private and Public Colleges Affordable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine college affordability under the existing pricing and financial aid system that awards both non need-based and need-based aid. Using data of freshmen attending a large number of selective private and public colleges in the USA, we find that the prices students actually pay for college have increased over time. Need-based grant aid has…

Karikari, John A.; Dezhbakhsh, Hashem

2013-01-01

453

Affordable Care Act (ACA) & UCF Students  

E-print Network

$ Affordable Care Act (ACA) & UCF Students Basic Information You Should Know 1. Your Parents You://hs.ucf.edu/payment-and-insurance.html MARKETPLACE Also known as the Marketplace, this is a key feature of the ACA. Shop online to find the right.hs.ucf.edu What If I Decide to Not Get Health Insurance? The ACA Penalty Explained Starting in 2014

Wu, Shin-Tson

454

Afford TWO, Financial Inclusion in Rural Myanmar  

E-print Network

........................................................................................................................................................................202 CONTENTS #12;4 MYANMAR TIMELINE (1947 � 2015) INTRODUCTION Saving, spending and investing money like bank loans and credit cards that many of us take for granted. Afford Two, Eat One aims to explain how Myanmar's poor are formally and informally transacting, saving and investing--and to identify some

Brody, James P.

455

Affordance Mining: Forming Perception Through Action  

E-print Network

space and configurations of the input space. Association rule data mining algorithms are employedAffordance Mining: Forming Perception Through Action Liam Ellis1,2 , Michael Felsberg1, UK Abstract. This work employs data mining algorithms to discover visual entities that are strongly

Bowden, Richard

456

UNC Charlotte Textbook Affordability Report January, 2012  

E-print Network

the publisher how much the bookstore will be charged, and then make sure that price is honored. 4. ConsiderUNC Charlotte Textbook Affordability Report January, 2012 UNC Charlotte Campus Committee commitments. In Spring 2011, the Bookstore Liaison met with the Associate Dean's Council at the invitation

Xie,Jiang (Linda)

457

You can afford to go to uni  

E-print Network

short-term lending they can repay quickly), to get a commercial debt to replace a student loan is almostYou can afford to go to uni What every part-time student needs to know about student finance in 2012 part-time StudentS' guide #12;The Taskforce was launched in June 2011 and is headed by Martin

Birmingham, University of

458

Outstanding. Affordable. [ You can do it!  

E-print Network

back to school? Can I afford not to? Will all of the kids in class treat me like their mom? I already. Whether that means completing your college degree, going on to graduate school, earning a certificate will you be in four years if you don't come back to school? The math doesn't change, but your life can. You

Saldin, Dilano

459

25%offLASIK! Affordable pricing and  

E-print Network

25%offLASIK! � Affordable pricing and easy financing � Life changing with most patients seeing 20 for fAU Employees Candidacy determined by independent doctor located within or adjacent to The LASIK or treatment. This offer depicts a model who is not an actual patient of LVI. 25% OFF LASIK Call now

Fernandez, Eduardo

460

Can the US afford a lunar base  

SciTech Connect

Establishing a lunar base will require steady funding for a decade or two. The question addressed here is whether such a large space project is affordable at this time. The relevant facts and methodology are presented so that the reader may formulate independent answers. It is shown that a permanent lunar base can be financed without increasing NASA's historical budgetary trends.

Keaton, P.W.

1986-01-01

461

Housing Market Segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing submarkets are typically defined as geographic areas where the price per unit of housing quantity (defined using some index of housing characteristics) is constant. This paper defines housing markets as geographic areas where (1) the price of housing (per unit of service) is constant and (2) individual housing characteristics are available for purchase. We examine housing market segmentation within

Allen C. Goodman; Thomas G. Thibodeau

1998-01-01

462

Housing Tips for International Students Oncampus Housing  

E-print Network

Life website www.fau.edu/housing or at housing@fau.edu (Boca) and JupiterHousing@fau.edu (Jupiter housing at FAU is available on the Boca Raton Campus and the MacArthur (Jupiter) Campus. Oncampus housing involved with the university, make friends, and have the full university life experience. You must apply

Fernandez, Eduardo

463

Low income housing tax credit properties : non-profit disposition strategies in the Commonwealth  

E-print Network

This thesis examines how non-profit owners in Massachusetts have maintained affordability and ownership of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) properties after the initial fifteen-year compliance period, at the lowest ...

Lew-Hailer, Lillian

2007-01-01

464

Unmet Housing Rehabilitation and Household Goods Needs in Texas During Katrina-Rita, 2005  

E-print Network

and volunteers provided information and referrals to available, affordable services while simultaneously logging the caller?s location and unmet needs. The purpose of this study is to examine unmet housing needs that occurred prior to, during, and following...

Finley, Dayna

2012-07-11

465

The forgotten class : reconceptualizing contemporary middle-income housing in New York City  

E-print Network

New York City's costly real estate poses housing affordability challenges for not only low- or even moderate-income households, but also for the so-called "middle class." Because New York is predominantly a renter's market, ...

Milchman, Karina (Karina Faye)

2013-01-01

466

77 FR 21880 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Multifamily Accelerated Processing-Enhancing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Unemployment compensation, Wages. For the reasons stated in...in this subpart: Government subsidy means one or more of the following...form of affordable housing subsidy, as identified by HUD. In...programs without government subsidies; (2) Tier 2:...

2012-04-12

467

ReHABit : claiming endangered structures in Washington DC to rethink subsidized housing  

E-print Network

There is an affordable housing crisis today in Washington D.C. that is the result of a uniquely complicated history of a capital city and a current economic boom. This thesis responds to that crisis by proposing a new ...

Fowlkes, Catherine Kuhnle

2007-01-01

468

76 FR 53851 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Suspension of Section 238(c) Single-Family Mortgage...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Single-Family Mortgage Insurance in Military Impacted Areas AGENCY: Office of the...FHA's mortgage insurance program for military impacted areas under section 238(c...availability of affordable housing in military impacted areas, the program has...

2011-08-30

469

The Affording Mars Workshop: Background and Recommendations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A human mission to Mars is the stated "ultimate" goal for NASA and is widely believed by the public to be the most compelling destination for America's space program. However, widely cited enormous costs - perhaps as much as a trillion dollars for a many-decade campaign - seem to be an impossible hurdle, although political and budget instability over many years may be equally challenging. More recently, a handful of increasingly detailed architectures for initial Mars missions have been developed by commercial companies that have estimated costs much less than widely believed and roughly comparable with previous major human space flight programs: the Apollo Program, the International Space Station, and the space shuttle. Several of these studies are listed in the bibliography to the workshop report. As a consequence of these new scenarios, beginning in spring, 2013 a multiinstitutional planning team began developing the content and invitee list for a winter workshop that would critically assess concepts, initiatives, technology priorities, and programmatic options to reduce significantly the costs of human exploration of Mars. The output of the workshop - findings and recommendations - would be presented in a number of forums and discussed with national leaders in human space flight. It would also be made available to potential international partners. This workshop was planned from the start to be the first in a series. Subsequent meetings, conferences, and symposia will concentrate on topics not able to be covered in December. In addition, to make progress in short meeting, a handful of ground rules were adopted by the planning team and agreed to by the participants. Perhaps the two most notable such ground rules were (1) the Space Launch System (SLS) and Orion would be available during the time frame considered by the participants and (2) the International Space Station (ISS) would remain the early linchpin in preparing for Mars exploration over the coming decade. The workshop was organized around three topical breakout sessions: 1. The ISS and the path to Mars: The critical coming decade 2. Affordability and sustainability: what does it mean and what are its implications within guidelines established at the start of the workshop? 3. Notional sequence(s) of cost-achievable missions for the 2020s to 2030s, including capability objectives at each stage and opportunities for coordinated robotic partnerships.

Thronson, Harley A.; Carberry, Christopher

2014-01-01

470

U.S. Housing Patterns, Living Arrangements, and Life Chances  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this assignment you will use U.S. census data to get an overview of housing patterns (ownership and types of housing) and living arrangements as a way of understanding more about one example of what Weber referred to as life chances (or, basically, the ability to access to resources we need to live a good life). As well, access to housing is considered one of the main features of the American Dream. Unfortunately, as the need for low-income housing units has doubled over the last three decades, the number of low-income housing units nationwide has been cut in half. Minneapolis and other cities have established annual goals for increasing the stock of affordable housing in response to a severe shortage of low-cost housing.

Kayongo-Male, Diane

2009-04-22

471

Anatomy of a Smart house  

SciTech Connect

The author describes the Gas Laboratory House in Bowie, MD. It is being built as a SMART HOUSE. This means it will contain a whole-house control system made up of communication chips, computer programs and microprocessor-based controllers. A single cable carries signals from the chips to many different types of appliances. Flexible gas piping forms a ''circulatory system'' that makes the house completely compatible with natural gas appliances. The SMART HOUSE is fully programmable so that appliances can be told when to turn on and off. It can also have a zoned space-conditioning system, allowing sections of the house to be heated or cooled independently. The authors explains how the system works and the project's development schedule.

Kennedy, L.

1988-07-01

472

Competition during the milk-feeding stage influences the development of feeding behavior of pair-housed dairy calves.  

PubMed

This study investigated how the feeding behavior of pair-housed calves develops in response to reduced teat and feed place availability. Twenty Holstein bull calves were pair housed and provided with milk replacer (MR) and grain concentrate ad libitum via either (1) 1 teat and feed bucket/pen, such that calves could not feed simultaneously [competitive feeding (CF)] or (2) 2 teats and feed buckets/pen [noncompetitive feeding (NCF)]. The calves were weaned during wk 7 of life by incrementally diluting the MR. Postweaning, all pens were managed identically and offered a complete pelleted diet ad libitum via 2 feed buckets/pen (NCF) in period 1 (wk 8 and 9) and period 3 (wk 12 and 13) and exposed to a competitive challenge with CF in period 2 (wk 10 and 11). Feeding times and competitive interactions were recorded from video for 3 d/wk in wk 2, 4, and 6 and 2 d/wk in wk 8 to 13. Meal criteria were used to calculate daily meal frequency, meal time, and synchronized meal time (the percentage of meal time when calves within the pen were engaged in simultaneous meals). Milk replacer intake was subject to a treatment × week interaction, with calves in CF pens having lower MR intake (wk 2: 8.3 vs. 10.0 L/calf per day for CF vs. NCF), but compensating by increasing intake to a greater extent over time (wk 4-5: 13.3 vs. 11.7 L/d for CF vs. NCF). Corresponding to MR intake, meal frequencies and feeding times evolved differently over this period, increasing in CF pens and decreasing in NCF pens (wk 2: 5.8 vs. 11.1 and wk 4-6: 6.2 vs. 5.1 meals/d for CF vs. NCF). Calves in CF pens also spent less time engaged in synchronized meals (28 vs. 51% of meal time; standard error=7.1) and displaced each other 5 times more frequently during synchronized eating. Postweaning, calves in previously CF pens maintained 5 times greater displacement frequencies and had fewer overlapping meals than calves in previously NCF pens (34.5 vs. 40.7% of meals, respectively). Postweaning, when calves were all fed noncompetitively (2 buckets/pen in periods 1 and 3), calves previously fed CF had greater intakes in period 3 (4.87 vs. 4.44kg/d) and a tendency for greater intake in period 1 (2.80 vs. 2.63kg/d), greater rates of intake in period 3 (87.8 vs. 72.0g/min) and a tendency for greater rates of intake in period 1 (44.3 vs. 38.9g/min), and greater meal frequencies in both periods (11.1 vs. 9.9 meals/d). In the competitive challenge period (1 bucket/pen in period 2), intake, rates of intake, and meal frequencies were subject to treatment × week interactions: calves in NCF pens had lower intake and meal frequencies, but increased meal frequency, intake, and rate of intake over time to a greater extent than calves previously in CF pens. These results indicate that calves are able to adapt to moderate competition by increasing meal frequency and that behavioral responses to competition persist postweaning. PMID:25108872

Miller-Cushon, E K; Bergeron, R; Leslie, K E; Mason, G J; DeVries, T J

2014-10-01

473

Preparing a Foundation for a More Efficient and Effective Housing Finance System. Federal Housing Finance Agency Strategic Plan, Fiscal Years 2013-2017.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 created FHFA by merging the former Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight, the former Federal Housing Finance Board, and the GSE mission office within the Department of Housing and Urban Development. F...

2012-01-01

474

Smart Houses  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

1987-01-01

475

Development and field verification of a model of excess infiltration and house air infiltration for single-family residences. Final report for 1979  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses a generalized model of air infiltration, partial refinement of the model by the development (and inclusion into the model) of 3 support models (for total crackage, wind shielding and structural permeability), and partial verification of the model by comparison to detailed, measured house infiltration data obtained by other investigators in 2 test homes. The report also presents a review of literature air infiltration models and of their limitations.

Cole, J.T.; Zimmer, J.W.; Zawacki, T.S.; Kinast, J.A.; Elkins, R.H.

1980-01-01

476

Health, hope, and human development: building capacity in public housing communities on the U.S.-Mexico border.  

PubMed

In this paper we highlight results from our recent survey of public housing residents living in the U.S.-Mexico border region. Our data inform our interdisciplinary (public health, education, environmental engineering, sociology) efforts to improve health and educational equity in our community, and provide ripe opportunities for policy advocacy. PMID:24185141

Mata, Holly; Flores, Maria; Castañeda, Ernesto; Medina-Jerez, William; Lachica, Josue; Smith, Curtis; Olvera, Hector

2013-11-01

477

Crashworthy Seats Would Afford Superior Protection  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Seats to prevent or limit crash injuries to astronauts aboard the crew vehicle of the Orion spacecraft are undergoing development. The design of these seats incorporates and goes beyond crash-protection concepts embodied in prior spacecraft and racing-car seats to afford superior protection against impacts. Although the seats are designed to support astronauts in a recumbent, quasi-fetal posture that would likely not be suitable for non-spacecraft applications, parts of the design could be adapted to military and some civilian aircraft seats and to racing car seats to increase levels of protection. The main problem in designing any crashworthy seat is to provide full support of the occupant against anticipated crash and emergency-landing loads so as to safely limit motion, along any axis, of any part of the occupant s body relative to (1) any other part of the occupant s body, (2) the spacecraft or other vehicle, and (3) the seat itself. In the original Orion spacecraft application and in other applications that could easily be envisioned, the problem is complicated by severe limits on space available for the seat, a requirement to enable rapid egress by the occupant after a crash, and a requirement to provide for fitting of the seat to a wide range of sizes and shapes of a human body covered by a crash suit, space suit, or other protective garment. The problem is further complicated by other Orion-application-specific requirements that must be omitted here for the sake of brevity. To accommodate the wide range of crewmember body lengths within the limits on available space in the original Orion application, the design provides for taller crewmembers to pull their legs back closer toward their chests, while shorter crewmembers can allow their legs to stretch out further. The range of hip-support seat adjustments needed to effect this accommodation, as derived from NASA s Human Systems Integration Standard, was found to define a parabolic path along which the knees must be positioned. For a given occupant, the specific position along the path depends on the distance from the heel to the back of the knee. The application of the concept of parabolic adjustment of the hip-support structure caused the seat pan to also take on a parabolic shape, yielding the unanticipated additional benefit that the seat pan fits the occupant s buttocks and thighs more nearly conformally than do seat pans of prior design. This more nearly conformal fit effectively eliminates a void between the occupant s body and the seat pan, thereby helping to prevent what, in prior seat designs, was shifting of the occupant s body into that void during an impact.

Gohmert, Dustin

2009-01-01

478

Affordable Heavy Lift Capability: 2000-2004  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This custom bibliography from the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Program lists a sampling of records found in the NASA Aeronautics and Space Database. The scope of this topic includes technologies to allow robust, affordable access of cargo, particularly to low-Earth orbit. This area of focus is one of the enabling technologies as defined by NASA s Report of the President s Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy, published in June 2004.

2004-01-01

479

The Affordable Care Act and emergency care.  

PubMed

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) will have far-reaching effects on the way health care is designed and delivered. Several elements of the ACA will directly affect both demand for ED care and expectations for its role in providing coordinated care. Hospitals will need to employ strategies to reduce ED crowding as the ACA expands insurance coverage. Discussions between EDs and primary care physicians about their respective roles providing acute unscheduled care would promote the goals of the ACA. PMID:25121814

McClelland, Mark; Asplin, Brent; Epstein, Stephen K; Kocher, Keith Eric; Pilgrim, Randy; Pines, Jesse; Rabin, Elaine Judith; Rathlev, Niels Kumar

2014-10-01

480

Local Leadership and the Affordable Care Act  

PubMed Central

Local health departments are in key positions to lead in the education and implementation efforts to advance the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The first enrollment period is over, but the efforts to enroll the uninsured and advocate for expansion of Medicaid in the states that have not yet taken on this expansion will continue for years to come. Political climates may be unsupportive, but some actions may still be possible. PMID:25423062

Williams, Stephen L.; Nichols, Beverly L.; Barton, M. Katherine; De LaCruz, Maria; Hernandez, Benjamin

2015-01-01

481

Freedom House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1941, Freedom House was organized by prominent Americans who were concerned with mounting threats to peace and democracy. Today, as in previous decades, their mission includes promoting "the growth of freedom by encouraging U.S. policymakers, international institutions, and the governments of established democracies to adopt policies that advance human rights and democracy around the world." First-time visitors may wish to begin by looking to the right-hand side of the homepage to the "Around the World" section. Here visitors can learn about the work that the Freedom House organization is doing in other parts of the world, and more importantly, they can read their in-house reports on democratic movements in different countries. Moving along, the left-hand side of the page includes links to their other publications, which include the "Nations In Transit" series. This particular series takes a long view on political reform in the former Communist states of Europe and Eurasia. To really get a full appreciation of the site's contents and scope requires several visits, but it should have no problem holding the attention of public policy types and scholars.

482

22 CFR 217.45 - Housing.  

... AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NONDISCRIMINATION ON...housing to its nonhandicapped students shall provide comparable...accessible housing to handicapped students at the same cost as to...that the scope of handicapped students' choice of living...

2014-04-01

483

New Trends in Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the influence of residence halls in supporting a college's admissions and recruiting process for attracting highly qualified students. It explores the trends in student housing needs and how a school can meet those needs, and examines possible funding solutions for dormitory renovations. Recommendations for developing housing strategies…

Koch, David; Wesse, David; Stickney, Robert

1999-01-01

484

The Philosophy of University Housing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines a stated philosophy of university housing and the philosophy's effect on the facilitation of the personal and intellectual growth of students residing in the residence halls and the development of a sense of community. This particular philosophy governs the housing operations at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.…

Wallace, James A.

2012-01-01

485

24 CFR 982.614 - Group home: Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special...of appropriate size for each two persons. (iii) Doors and windows that are accessible from outside the unit must be...

2010-04-01

486

24 CFR 982.605 - SRO: Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special...deficiency in minimum closet space. (D) Exterior doors and windows accessible from outside an SRO unit must be lockable....

2010-04-01

487

24 CFR 982.605 - SRO: Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special...deficiency in minimum closet space. (D) Exterior doors and windows accessible from outside an SRO unit must be lockable....

2011-04-01

488

24 CFR 982.614 - Group home: Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special...of appropriate size for each two persons. (iii) Doors and windows that are accessible from outside the unit must be...

2011-04-01

489

24 CFR 8.24 - Existing housing programs.  

...2014-04-01 false Existing housing programs. 8.24 Section 8.24 Housing...BASED ON HANDICAP IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility § 8.24...

2014-04-01

490

25 CFR 700.183 - Determination of replacement housing benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...cost of available replacement housing which meets Commission standards...determination of whether replacement housing benefits should be increased or decreased to reflect change in housing or development and construction...replacement site, the purchase price of the replacement dwelling...

2010-04-01

491

25 CFR 700.183 - Determination of replacement housing benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...cost of available replacement housing which meets Commission standards...determination of whether replacement housing benefits should be increased or decreased to reflect change in housing or development and construction...replacement site, the purchase price of the replacement dwelling...

2011-04-01

492

25 CFR 700.183 - Determination of replacement housing benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...cost of available replacement housing which meets Commission standards...determination of whether replacement housing benefits should be increased or decreased to reflect change in housing or development and construction...replacement site, the purchase price of the replacement dwelling...

2012-04-01

493

25 CFR 700.183 - Determination of replacement housing benefit.  

...cost of available replacement housing which meets Commission standards...determination of whether replacement housing benefits should be increased or decreased to reflect change in housing or development and construction...replacement site, the purchase price of the replacement dwelling...

2014-04-01

494

25 CFR 700.183 - Determination of replacement housing benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...cost of available replacement housing which meets Commission standards...determination of whether replacement housing benefits should be increased or decreased to reflect change in housing or development and construction...replacement site, the purchase price of the replacement dwelling...

2013-04-01

495

Residential Learning University Housing  

E-print Network

of their college experience. We expect each resident student to play an active part in the development of the Office of Residential Life & University Housing is to assist and support students in the pursuit of their educational goals by working to create reasonable and responsible communities where students can interact

Rusu, Adrian

496

The impact of failed housing policy on the public behavioral health system.  

PubMed

The author describes the crisis in affordable housing for individuals with serious mental illness who have extremely low incomes and outlines implications for the behavioral health system. Studies have shown that nowhere in the United States can an individual with serious mental illness who is receiving Supplemental Security Income afford housing. This has contributed to compliance issues with the Americans With Disabilities Act. The failure of housing policy to effectively address the needs of individuals with serious mental illness who are in poverty is largely to blame for the most visible and costly failures attributed to the behavioral health system: institutionalization, incarceration, and chronic homelessness. It is critical for the behavioral health field to advocate for housing policies to address the housing affordability crisis. PMID:24584525

Martone, Kevin

2014-03-01

497

Development of an orange juice in-house reference material and its application to guarantee the quality of vitamin C determination in fruits, juices and fruit pulps.  

PubMed

Reference materials are useful for the quality control of analytical procedures and to evaluate the performance of laboratories. There are few and expensive certified reference materials commercially available for vitamin C or ascorbic acid analysis in food matrices. In this study, the preparation and the suitability assessment of an orange juice in-house reference material (RM) for vitamin C analysis in fruits, juices and in fruit pulps is described. This RM was used for the development and full validation of an HPLC method. The results showed excellent linearity (r(2)=0.9995), good accuracy (96.6-97.3%) and precision, as relative standard deviation, ranged from 0.70% to 3.67%. The in-house RM was homogenous and stable at storage conditions (-80°C) during 12 months. According to our results, this in-house RM is an excellent tool to use in quality control and method verification purposes for vitamin C analysis of fruits, juices and fruit pulps matrices. Furthermore, a stabilization solution with perchloric and metaphosphoric acids was developed which prevents degradation of ascorbic acid for a period of 12 months at -80°C. PMID:24518317

Valente, A; Sanches-Silva, A; Albuquerque, T G; Costa, H S

2014-07-01

498

Model houses and housing ideology in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the meaning of the house through an interpretation of model house advertisements and display houses in Australia over the past 20 years. The advertising discourse is analysed as a set of cultural constructs, which, being market sensitive, reflect changing social structures, values and ideologies. Over this period the house structure has been transformed. The informal ‘family’ area

Kim Dovey

1992-01-01

499

Female House Mice Develop a Unique Ovarian Lesion in Colonies That Are at Maximum Population Density (44555)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colonies of house mice reach maximum population density in 120-180 days, irrespective of cage size and initial number of colonizing animals. Reproduction ceases because the females become aggressive and unreceptive to mating. The ag- gressive behavior is correlated with elevated levels of testosterone (T) and cortico- sterone (B) (Chapman et al., Phys Behav 64:529-533, 1998). In two of seven strains

JOHN C. CHAPMAN; OHN J. CHRISTIAN; N ORIE YASUKAWA; SANDRA D. MICHAEL

500

Human resource management and learning based on in-house R&D in a developing country context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the influence of human resource management practices on the likelihood that a firm performs in-house R&D. The latter is broadly interpreted as learning---a mechanism promoting absorptive capacity and supporting technology capability-building in latecomer firms. The use of distinct definitions of R&D implies different knowledge requirements that firms need to fulfil in order to innovate. The analysis assumes

Fernando Santiago; Ludovico Alcorta