Sample records for affordable housing developed

  1. Affordable housing

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

  2. The entrepreneurial state : New York's Urban Development Corporation, an experiment to take charge of affordable housing production, 1968-1975

    E-print Network

    Freemark, Yonah (Yonah Slifkin)

    2013-01-01

    A federal-local partnership supports the creation of most new affordable housing in the United States. Washington's subsidies, which fund housing construction, vouchers, and tax credits, are paired with local development ...

  3. New housing in old Chinatown : barriers and incentives to affordable housing development

    E-print Network

    Tan, Bryant

    2008-01-01

    In the 1970s and 80s, the rapid development of San Francisco's Financial District encroached upon Chinatown's intimately-scaled neighborhood. Developers took whole city blocks that housed low-income immigrants to build the ...

  4. Community opposition to affordable housing : jamming the system

    E-print Network

    Dash, Stuart David

    1989-01-01

    This thesis explores community opposition to affordable housing in the suburban communities of Massachusetts. In the twenty years since Chapter 774 was enacted, a significant amount of affordable housing has been developed. ...

  5. Achieving Sustainable Construction in Affordable Housing

    SciTech Connect

    Barcik, M.K.; Creech, D.B.; Ternes, M.P.

    1998-12-07

    An energy-efficient design and construction checklist and information sheets on energy-efficient design and construction are two products being developed. These products will help affordable housing providers take the first steps toward a whole-house approach to the design and implementation of energy-efficient construction practices. The checklist presents simple and clear guidance on energy improvements that can be readily addressed now by most affordable housing providers. The information sheets complement the checklist by providing installation instructions and material specifications that are accompanied by detailed graphics. The information sheets also identify benefits of recommended energy-efficiency measures and procedures including cost savings and impacts on health and comfort. This paper presents details on the checklist and information sheets and discusses their use in two affordable housing projects.

  6. 24 CFR 954.307 - Homeownership: qualification as affordable housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Homeownership: qualification as affordable housing. 954.307...Affordability § 954.307 Homeownership: qualification as affordable housing. (a) Purchase...acquisition, if standard, or after any repair needed to meet property standards...

  7. Affordable Housing for Artists: A Sustainable Prototype

    E-print Network

    Ness, M.

    1998-01-01

    State Energy 6Chris Hanson, The Cohousing Handbook (Point Roberts, WA: Hartley and Marks Publishers, Inc., 1996), 2. ' ''Housing Maverick," Architecture, August 1997, 44. Ray Anderson, lecture at the 1997 Austin Green Building Conference, 3 1...'s doorway and to provide a threshold between the outside and inside of the home. Figure 23. Trellis Davis' book provided a discussion on the needs of the inhabitants of affordable housing. while Chris Hanson's The Cohousing Handbook gave me several...

  8. Poll: Satisfied, Optimistic, but Deeply Concerned about Traffic, Affordable Housing, Public Education, Air Pollution, Population Growth, and Affordable Healthcare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy Qiaoming Liu; Brenda M. Hofer

    Despite their confidence and contentment, people in the Sacramento region still have serious concerns about a wide range of issues, including traffic congestion, affordable housing, quality of public education, air pollution, and population growth and development. Two-thirds (66%) view traffic congestion as a big problem while almost half report that affordable housing (48%) and quality of public education (46%) are

  9. "Why Not in Our Community?": Removing Barriers to Affordable Housing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The past decade or so has been a true "comeback" era for American cities. Once proclaimed to be rather dead and lifeless, many urban centers have been reinvigorated through massive capital investments in a number of mega-projects, including huge residential and retail developments. Unfortunately, a number of people are now unable to afford to live in the cities in which they work. This latest report from the Department of Housing and Urban Development looks at the regulatory barriers that impact the availability of affordable housing around the United States. Released in February 2005, the 31-page report finds that "outdated, exclusionary and unnecessary regulations continue to block the construction or rehabilitation of affordable housing in some parts of America". Some of these specific trends in today's housing markets include complex environmental regulations, "smart growth" principles, and various impact fees that may be assessed on such developments. The report will definitely be of interest to those with an interest in housing policy in the United States and in urban policies and trends more generally.

  10. A new measure of housing affordability: Estimates and analytical results

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nandinee K. Kutty

    2005-01-01

    Affordable housing has often been described in terms of rent burden or owner cost burden. This article introduces the concept of housing?induced poverty to describe the situation that arises when a household, after paying for housing, cannot afford the poverty basket of nonhousing goods. This is similar to Stone's shelter poverty concept, except that it is linked to a better?known

  11. "Having Housing Made Everything Else Possible": Affordable, Safe and Stable Housing for Women Survivors of Violence.

    PubMed

    Clough, Amber; Draughon, Jessica E; Njie-Carr, Veronica; Rollins, Chiquita; Glass, Nancy

    2014-09-01

    Research indicates that the need for safe housing and the economic resources to maintain safe housing are two of the most pressing concerns among abused women who are planning to or have recently left abusers. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is frequently an immediate cause or precursor to homelessness and housing instability. The aim of the study is to explore abused women's experiences accessing affordable, safe, and stable housing. To achieve the aim, adult female IPV survivors answered questions about: 1) steps that were taken to secure housing; 2) safety issues after leaving the abuser; 3) barriers to obtaining housing; and 4) responses from housing and domestic violence advocacy systems related to survivors' housing needs. Four major themes emerged from the in-depth interviews: 1) stable, affordable housing is critical in increasing safety; 2) survivors face multiple systemic or individual barriers; 3) survivors develop and utilize an array of creative and resourceful strategies; and 4) survivors identified a variety of supportive services tailored to address their needs. The findings inform practice, policy and research for both the housing and domestic violence service systems with an emphasis on collaboration to meet the complex safety and stable housing needs of survivors and their families, particularly following the impact on housing of the 2008 U.S. economic crisis and subsequent recession. PMID:25328440

  12. The development and function of an affordable housing production ecosystem : Harlem, Hew York in the late 1990s and early 2000s

    E-print Network

    Dookchitra, Ben

    2007-01-01

    In late 1990s and early 2000s Harlem, an affordable housing production "ecosystem" comprised of elected officials, city planners, civic advocates, builders, and financial institutions at the local, state, and national level ...

  13. Affordable Housing for Artists: A Sustainable Prototype 

    E-print Network

    Ness, M.

    1998-01-01

    will demonstrate how a building can both meet the needs of its inhabitants and practice sustainable principles in a beautiful design. This Austin, Texas model can be used as a prototype for similar housing in other cities and for other environmentally friendly...

  14. Friendly protection of houses by affordable isolation

    SciTech Connect

    Mazzolani, Federico M. [Department of Structural Engineering, University Federico II, P.le Tecchio, 80 - 80125 Naples (Italy); Mandara, Alberto [Department of Civil Engineering, Second University of Naples, Via Roma, 29 - 81031 Aversa (Italy); Froncillo, Salvatore [Consulting Engineer, Via Michelangelo, 44 - 81031 Aversa (Italy)

    2008-07-08

    The paper deals with a case of seismic isolation carried out in Campania (Italy), referring to the construction of a house building. The concerned case is a three-storey reinforced concrete frame building, in which the isolation system has been applied between the basement top and the first floor deck. The paper reports the main steps of this work, starting from the design, carried out according to the latest Italian seismic code, going throughout the construction stage, up to the extensive on-site testing program performed to evaluate the dynamic response of the building. Relevant technological solutions are illustrated and discussed. Both theoretical calculation and experimental measurements demonstrate the effectiveness of the solution adopted, not only from the technical point of view, but also in an economic perspective.

  15. Air Distribution Retrofit Strategies for Affordable Housing

    SciTech Connect

    Dentz, J.; Conlin, F.; Holloway, P.; Podorson, D.; Varshney, K.

    2014-03-01

    In multifamily and attached buildings, traditional duct sealing methods are often impractical or costly and disruptive because of the difficulty in accessing leakage sites. In this project, two retrofit duct sealing techniques -- manually-applied sealants and injecting a spray sealant, were implemented in several low-rise multi-unit buildings. An analysis on the cost and performance of the two methods are presented. Each method was used in twenty housing units: approximately half of each group of units are single story and the remainder two-story. Results show that duct leakage to the outside was reduced by an average of 59% through the use of manual methods, and by 90% in the units where the injected spray sealant was used. It was found that 73% of the leakage reduction in homes that were treated with injected spray sealant was attributable to the manual sealing done at boots, returns and the air handler. The cost of manually-applying sealant ranged from $275 to $511 per unit and for the injected spray sealant the cost was $700 per unit. Modeling suggests a simple payback of 2.2 years for manual sealing and 4.7 years for the injected spray sealant system. Utility bills were collected for one year before and after the retrofits. Utility bill analysis shows 14% and 16% energy savings using injected spray sealant system and hand sealing procedure respectively in heating season whereas in cooling season, energy savings using injected spray sealant system and hand sealing were both 16%.

  16. C.A.S.H. - communal affordable singles housing : a platform for proactive affordability in Hong Kong

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yan-Ping, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    In Hong Kong, young singles are left out of the affordable housing equation. They require much more space per person in comparison to those living in family housing, and the government is not willing to allocate a ...

  17. An investigation into the use of REITs to finance affordable housing in Mainland China

    E-print Network

    Huang, Yuxuan, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Mainland China's system of affordable housing provides housing for low and medium income groups. Housing for sale and housing for rent give residents two choices and also give two choices for municipal governments to provide ...

  18. Affordable housing through energy efficiency: The Northgate story

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. C. Diamond; J. A. McAllister; H. E. Feustel; C. Patullo; T. Buckley

    1992-01-01

    In this paper we evaluate a comprehensive retrofit and rehabilitation effort to improve the comfort, affordability, and energy efficiency of 336 low-income housing units. The units had complete shell retrofits, including new siding, air-infiltration barriers, new windows and doors, and both roof and foundation insulation. In addition, the existing electric-baseboard heating system was replaced with a new gas-fired boiler for

  19. HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy

    E-print Network

    Evans, Paul

    recent European house price trends: An absence of continental drift? School of Architecture, Design: An absence of continental drift ­ Dean Garratt UK house prices ­ Dean Garratt Affordability of house prices

  20. Holistic revitalization in small post-industrial cities : tools for urban housing development

    E-print Network

    Beam, Jeffrey (Jeffrey J.)

    2009-01-01

    For generations, housing programs have sought to utilize redevelopment projects to accomplish broader community revitalization goals. Contemporary affordable housing practice embodies this idea in large housing development ...

  1. Issaquah Highlands Zero Energy Affordable Housing (WA) - YWCA

    SciTech Connect

    Tom, Vincent; DeRobbio, Wendy; Hall, Linda

    2012-04-30

    The YWCA Family Village at Issaquah, Net Zero Energy Approach Project provides a compelling model for how the nation can seriously respond to the critical need for affordable housing while advancing environmental standards and reducing economic inequities. Affordable housing developments for vulnerable members of the community and in today's workforce cannot overlook issues, such as climate impact, energy security and water conservation. This project's advanced building design was based on the goal of creating a 100 year building that could achieve net zero energy usage if funding had been available to support the final pieces of energy generation. The team worked closely with community stakeholders to ensure the baseline components of high quality and efficient building envelopes along with efficient systems were in place to set the stage for future incorporation of energy generating systems such as solar panels. As built, these 146 homes, large child care center and community services areas are proving the value of investing upfront for the benefit of future generations by reducing ongoing utility and maintenance costs with an eye toward environmental stewardship and community/resident education. The DOE award helped fund two critical energy conservation features for the YWCA Family Village at Issaquah campus: 1) super-insulated roof assembly with a continuous air barrier and 2) domestic hot water preheat system. The roof system at the YWCA Family Village at Issaquah project was built to include 6" of Polyiso rigid insulation (R-38) on top of the roof sheathing to provide a super-insulated roof in line with the other green features of the project. Placing the rigid insulation on top of the roof sheathing allows the building to have a continuous layer of insulation and provides a continuous air barrier. The domestic hot water preheat system includes flat panel arrays on roofs of the buildings that heat the water using solar power, which reduces the amount of heating needed from the gas-fired boilers. The flat-plate panels on the roof of the building heats the water using solar power. A heat exchanger transfers heat from water warmed by the panels to potable water for the units. The warmed potable water mixes with the tap water supply to create hot water for the buildings. This boost of water warmed by the solar panels reduces the heating costs for eh project by reducing the need to heat the water via gas-fired boilers. Both of these energy upgrades were chosen because they significantly improve the energy efficiency for the life of the building and are reducing monthly utility costs for both the residents and the owners. Since the owner is a not-for-profit dedicated to long-term ownership and serving households with very-low and low-incomes, the costs savings will ultimately benefit current and future residents as the dollars saved will either be realized directly by the resident or be invested in the project. Technically, the design of these systems is easily understood and the principles could be applied to other projects. The incremental costs depend largely on the existing market rate of the components-none of which are considered "cutting edge" so a market does currently exist.

  2. 24 CFR 1000.242 - When does the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...The requirement for exemption from taxation applies only to rental and...

  3. 24 CFR 1000.242 - When does the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...The requirement for exemption from taxation applies only to rental and...

  4. 24 CFR 1000.242 - When does the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...The requirement for exemption from taxation applies only to rental and...

  5. 24 CFR 1000.242 - When does the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities...The requirement for exemption from taxation applies only to rental and...

  6. From Section 8 to Starbucks: The Effects of Gentrification on Affordable Housing in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

    E-print Network

    Kozak, Stephanie L.

    2014-05-31

    This dissertation examines gentrification in Pittsburgh, PA to determine if the process is reducing the amount of affordable housing for low-income groups. There has been considerable debate regarding the merits and ...

  7. Energy Efficiency in Multifamily Affordable Housing: How can precedents of high performance affordable housing inform energy efficient building practices in this sector?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joshua Lehman

    Twelve multifamily affordable housing buildings in New York City were surveyed and an analysis of their energy performance was performed. Data was obtained through field visits and analysis of utility records. Two of the buildings were constructed with high energy performance goals in mind, and achieved the ENERGY STAR for Homes label. It was found that the ENERGY STAR buildings

  8. MSU Family & Graduate Housing Rental Rates Family & Graduate Housing is primarily intended to provide affordable, temporary housing for students with families, single

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    MSU Family & Graduate Housing Rental Rates Family & Graduate Housing is primarily intended to provide affordable, temporary housing for students with families, single graduates, upper classmen for qualifying faculty and staff. Following is a brief description of the units and their rental rates: SINGLE

  9. Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 7. Bursting

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    the area has added rental units, and construction permits are high, the cluster's housing stock has.7% of city), grew 15.4% Housing Stock: Single and small multifamily, majority rental Racial/Ethnicity: Racial mix, largely Hispanic Household Income: $37,615, increased 3.4% Cluster Characteristics Population

  10. Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 3. Tightening

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    .3% of city), decreased 8.1% Housing Stock: Multifamily, new homeowners moving in Racial/Ethnicity : Primarily African American Household Income: $23,587, increased 19.7% Cluster Characteristics Population 2000 Total) 34.9% Housing Stock Built Since 1990 7,101 units 5.6% Overcrowding 11.4% Number of New Construction

  11. Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 4. Converting

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Defining Criteria: Vacancies and rental stock decreasing Archetype: Edgewater Outlier: Humboldt Park Total Population: 363,963 (12.6% of city), grew 1.5% Housing Stock: Multifamily, new homeowners Racial/Ethnicity: Largely White, racial mix Household Income: $39,599, increased 10.4% Cluster Characteristics Converting

  12. Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 1. Homeowning

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Outlier: Total Population: 516,947 (17.9% of city), grew 4.1% Housing Stock: Single family, some small,738, increased 1% Cluster Characteristics The Homeowning cluster is the second largest of the clusters and is comprised of communities with homeownership rates of at least 60%. Relative to other community clusters

  13. Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 2. Thinning

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    poisoning; also, a precariously high number of vacant buildings: 20% of the building stock in this cluster: Englewood Outlier: Roseland Total Population: 289,880 (10% of city), decreased 9.9% Housing Stock: Mixed,369, increased 1.6% Cluster Characteristics Population 2000 Total Population 289,880 % Immigrants 2.7% Average

  14. 24 CFR 81.14 - Special Affordable Housing Goal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...to achieve increased purchases by the GSEs of mortgages...goals for each GSE's purchases of mortgages on rental...units financed by a purchase of a mortgage on multifamily...under the Rural Housing Service's Single Family...must evidence a current intention or plan to...

  15. Health Outcomes and Green Renovation of Affordable Housing

    PubMed Central

    Breysse, Jill; Jacobs, David E.; Weber, William; Dixon, Sherry; Kawecki, Carol; Aceti, Susan; Lopez, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    Objective This study sought to determine whether renovating low-income housing using “green” and healthy principles improved resident health and building performance. Methods We investigated resident health and building performance outcomes at baseline and one year after the rehabilitation of low-income housing using Enterprise Green Communities green specifications, which improve ventilation; reduce moisture, mold, pests, and radon; and use sustainable building products and other healthy housing features. We assessed participant health via questionnaire, provided Healthy Homes training to all participants, and measured ventilation, carbon dioxide, and radon. Results Adults reported statistically significant improvements in overall health, asthma, and non-asthma respiratory problems. Adults also reported that their children's overall health improved, with significant improvements in non-asthma respiratory problems. Post-renovation building performance testing indicated that the building envelope was tightened and local exhaust fans performed well. New mechanical ventilation was installed (compared with no ventilation previously), with fresh air being supplied at 70% of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers standard. Radon was <2 picocuries per liter of air following mitigation, and the annual average indoor carbon dioxide level was 982 parts per million. Energy use was reduced by 45% over the one-year post-renovation period. Conclusions We found significant health improvements following low-income housing renovation that complied with green standards. All green building standards should include health requirements. Collaboration of housing, public health, and environmental health professionals through integrated design holds promise for improved health, quality of life, building operation, and energy conservation. PMID:21563714

  16. Affordable, safe housing based on expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam and a cementitious coating

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. J. Lee; H. Kelly; R. Jagoda; A. Rosenfeld; E. Stubee; J. Colaco; A. Gadgil; H. Akbari; L. Norford; H. van Burik

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes an ongoing project to demonstrate an affordable, safe, and energy-efficient housing technology based on expanded polystyrene (EPS) panels with a cementitious coating. The concepts being described are (1) EPS panels embedded with galvanized steel trusses, steel mesh welded or clipped to the protruding points of the trusses and finished with a coating of cement plaster; (2) fiber-reinforced

  17. Affordable, Robust Ceramic Joining Technology (ARCJoint) Developed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Steele, Gynelle C.

    2001-01-01

    Affordable, Robust Ceramic Joining Technology (ARCJoint) is a method for joining high temperature- resistant ceramic pieces together, establishing joints that are strong, and allowing joining to be done in the field. This new way of joining allows complex shapes to be formed by joining together geometrically simple shapes. The joining technology at NASA is one of the enabling technologies for the application of silicon-carbide-based ceramic and composite components in demanding and high-temperature applications. The technology is being developed and tested for high-temperature propulsion parts for aerospace use. Commercially, it can be used for joining ceramic pieces used for high temperature applications in the power-generating and chemical industries, as well as in the microelectronics industry. This innovation could yield big payoffs for not only the power-generating industry but also the Silicon Valley chipmakers. This technology, which was developed at the NASA Glenn Research Center by Dr. Mrityunjay Singh, is a two-step process involving first using a paste to join together ceramic pieces and bonding them by heating the joint to 110 to 120 C for between 10 and 20 min. This makes the joint strong enough to be handled for the final joining. Then, a silicon-based substance is applied to the joint and heated to 1400 C for 10 to 15 min. The resulting joint is as strong as the original ceramic material and can withstand the same high temperatures.

  18. Who has housing affordability problems? Disparities in Housing Cost burden by Race, Nativity and Legal Status in Los Angeles

    PubMed Central

    McConnell, Eileen Diaz

    2013-01-01

    Housing costs are a substantial component of U.S. household expenditures. Those who allocate a large proportion of their income to housing often have to make difficult financial decisions with significant short-term and long-term implications for adults and children. This study employs cross-sectional data from the first wave of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (L.A.FANS) collected between 2000 and 2002 to examine the most common U.S. standard of housing affordability, the likelihood of spending thirty percent or more of income on shelter costs. Multivariate analyses of a low-income sample of U.S. born Latinos, Whites, African Americans, authorized Latino immigrants and unauthorized Latino immigrants focus on baseline and persistent differences in the likelihood of being cost burdened by race, nativity and legal status. Nearly half or more of each group of low-income respondents experience housing affordability problems. The results suggest that immigrants’ legal status is the primary source of disparities among those examined, with the multivariate analyses revealing large and persistent disparities for unauthorized Latino immigrants relative to most other groups. Moreover, the higher odds of housing cost burden observed for unauthorized immigrants compared with their authorized immigrant counterparts remains substantial, accounting for traditional indicators of immigrant assimilation. These results are consistent with emerging scholarship regarding the role of legal status in shaping immigrant outcomes in the United States. PMID:24077641

  19. Assessing the engineering performance of affordable net-zero energy housing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wallpe, Jordan P.

    The purpose of this research was to evaluate affordable technologies that are capable of providing attractive, cost-effective energy savings to the housing industry. The research did so by investigating the 2011 Solar Decathlon competition, with additional insight from the Purdue INhome. Insight from the Purdue INhome verified the importance of using a three step design process to design a net-zero energy building. In addition, energy consumption values of the INhome were used to compare and contrast different systems used in other houses. Evaluation of unbiased competition contests gave a better understanding of how a house can realistically reach net-zero. Upon comparison, off-the-shelf engineering systems such as super-efficient HVAC units, heat pump hot water heaters, and properly designed photovoltaic arrays can affordably enable a house to become net-zero. These important and applicable technologies realized from the Solar Decathlon will reduce the 22 percent of all energy consumed through the residential sector in the United States. In conclusion, affordable net-zero energy buildings can be built today with commitment from design professionals, manufacturers, and home owners.

  20. Evaluation of Affordable Prototype Houses at Two Levels of Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Hendron, R.; Barker, G.; Hancock, E.; Reeves, P.

    2006-10-01

    Two high performance prototype houses were built in Carbondale, Colorado, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America (BA) Program. Each prototype was a 1256 ft2 (117 m2), 1-story, 3-bedroom house, and met the local requirements for affordable housing. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performed short-term field testing and DOE-2.2 simulations in support of this project at the end of December 2004. We also installed long-term monitoring equipment in one of the houses, and are currently tracking the performance of key building systems under occupied conditions. One of the houses (designated H1) included a package of cost-effective energy efficiency features that placed it well above the Energy Star level, targeting a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) score of 88-89. The other (designated H2) was a BA research house, targeting a HERS score of 94-95, and 45% whole-house energy savings compared to the BA Benchmark. Preliminary results from the field evaluation indicate that the energy savings for both houses will exceed the design targets established for the project, although the performance of certain building systems, including the ventilation and foundation systems, leave some room for improvement.

  1. Predictors of Smoke-Free Policies in Affordable Multiunit Housing, North Carolina, 2013

    PubMed Central

    Suttie, Janet; Baker, Laura; Agans, Robert; Xue, Wei; Bowling, J. Michael

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Smoke-free policies can effectively protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in multiunit housing. We surveyed all affordable multiunit housing properties in North Carolina to determine the statewide prevalence of smoke-free policies and to identify predictors of smoke-free policies. Methods Representatives of affordable housing properties in North Carolina completed a mailed or online survey during June through October 2013. The primary outcome measure was presence of a smoke-free policy, defined as prohibiting smoking in all residential units. We used ?2 analysis and multivariate logistic regression to identify correlates of smoke-free policies. Results Of 1,865 eligible properties, responses were received for 1,063 (57%). A total of 16.5% of properties had policies that prohibited smoking in all residential units, while 69.6% prohibited smoking in indoor common areas. In multivariate analysis, an increase in the number of children per unit was associated with a decrease in the odds of having a smoke-free policy at most properties. Newer properties across all company sizes were more likely to have smoke-free policies. Accessing units from interior hallways predicted smoke-free policies among medium-sized companies. Conclusion More smoke-free policies in affordable multiunit housing are needed to protect vulnerable populations, particularly children, from SHS exposure. Public health professionals should continue to educate housing operators about SHS and the benefits of smoke-free policies at all properties, including older ones and ones where units are accessed from outside rather than from an interior hallway. PMID:25974143

  2. 24 CFR 1000.242 - When does the requirement for exemption from taxation apply to affordable housing activities?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING ACTIVITIES Indian Housing Plan (IHP) § 1000.242 When does the requirement for exemption from...

  3. Energy-efficiency design and inspection guides for affordable housing construction

    SciTech Connect

    Ternes, M.P.; Livengood, S.E.; Wendt, R.L.

    1997-12-01

    This paper focuses on the general methods used in guides developed for the energy efficient design and inspection of new and revitalized housing projects for military family housing. The methods and guides can also benefit the wider market of public and other housing. Inspections performed on military and public housing units were used to identify energy deficiencies. The most common problems found were related to disconnected and deteriorated forced air distribution duct work and poor system design resulting in significant air leakage. Design and inspection guides are summarized for new construction and revitalization projects. 7 refs., 7 figs.

  4. Cleveland's EcoVillage: green and affordable housing through a network alliance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendy A. Kellogg; W. Dennis Keating

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a case study of the inter-organizational network that formed to produce four housing projects in Cleveland's EcoVillage designed to integrate social equity and ecological stewardship as the basis for neighborhood redevelopment. Our paper builds on concepts of community development and housing production through inter-organizational networks spanning nonprofit, public, and private organizations that developed and supported four “green”

  5. Affordable High-Performance Homes: The 2002 NREL Denver Habitat for Humanity House, A Cold-Climate Case Study

    SciTech Connect

    Norton, P.; Stafford, B.; Carpenter, B.; Hancock, C. E.; Barker, G.; Reeves, P.; Kriescher, P.

    2005-04-01

    A trend towards ''green'' building with a focus on energy efficiency is sweeping the United States homebuilding industry. An integrated systems-design approach leads to homes that are more efficient, more comfortable, more affordable, and more durable than homes built with standard practices. Habitat for Humanity affiliates throughout the country are taking the lead on this approach to home building for affordable housing. This approach supports Habitat's goals of supplying quality housing and reducing the energy cost burden on families in Habitat homes--goals that are especially important in these days of increasing energy costs.

  6. Achieving Challenge Home in Affordable Housing in the Hot-Humid Climate

    SciTech Connect

    Beal, D.; McIlvaine, J.; Winter, B.; Allnutt, R.

    2014-08-01

    The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction (BA-PIRC), one of the Building America research team leads, has partnered with two builders as they work through the Challenge Home certification process in one test home each. The builder partners participating in this cost-shared research are Southeast Volusia County Habitat for Humanity near Daytona, Florida and Manatee County Habitat for Humanity near Tampa, Florida. Both are affiliates of Habitat for Humanity International, a non-profit affordable housing organization. This research serves to identify viable technical pathways to meeting the CH criteria for other builders in the region. A further objective of this research is to identify gaps and barriers in the marketplace related to product availability, labor force capability, code issues, cost effectiveness, and business case issues that hinder or prevent broader adoption on a production scale.

  7. Kaupuni Village: A Closer Look at the First Net-Zero Energy Affordable Housing Community in Hawai'i (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2012-05-01

    This is the first of four Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative community brochures focused on HCEI success stories. This brochure focuses on the first LEED Platinum net-zero energy affordable housing community in Hawaii. Our lead NREL contact for HCEI is Ken Kelly.

  8. 24 CFR 401.408 - Affordability and use restrictions required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MULTIFAMILY HOUSING MORTGAGE AND HOUSING ASSISTANCE RESTRUCTURING PROGRAM (MARK-TO-MARKET) Restructuring Plan § 401.408 Affordability and use restrictions required. (a) General....

  9. Michigan State Housing Development Authority

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-01-01

    Most states have a housing development authority; Michigan�s SHDA is well known for its work in encouraging downtown redevelopment projects and a range of creative solutions to providing long-term housing solutions for the state's residents. On the homepage, visitors can look over the Spotlight area to learn about the long-term projects that the SHDA is working on. On the left hand side of the page, visitors can look over fifteen different thematic areas, including Historic Preservation, Homeownership, and Property Managers. Contractors and other groups may want to pay close attention to the RFP's and Grants area, which includes information about applying for statewide housing grants and information on key statewide programs, such as the Housing and Community Development Fund. Visitors can also set up email alerts to learn when new material is added to the site.

  10. Homeowner’s Perspective of Affordable Housing Rehabilitation: A Case Study of a Veteran’s Program in the State of Texas 

    E-print Network

    Velasco Navarrete, Carlos D

    2014-12-15

    This case study research focuses on the advantages and challenges experienced by homeowners who purchases and live in rehabilitated affordable houses of a Veteran’s Program in the state of Texas. The Veteran’s Program aims ...

  11. Besting the tract home : a software-based bricolage approach to affordable custom housing

    E-print Network

    Plewe, Thomas Clayton

    2008-01-01

    Tract housing has earned its position as the overwhelmingly dominant paradigm of home building and ownership in America because it's such an efficient and therefore cost-effective system. Custom-designed housing has provable ...

  12. Rosemount Orchard is a sustainable development driven by a sense of community. It will offer affordable housing, "green" and local retail, a picking orchard, a community garden, and plenty of open space. The goal of the community

    E-print Network

    Netoff, Theoden

    Rosemount Orchard is a sustainable development driven by a sense of community. It will offer. Rosemount Orchard will be a destination neighborhood for everyone, with community classes, farmer markets, and community activities that involve apple picking and art crawls! Rosemount

  13. Manufactured Homes as Affordable Housing in Rural Areas. Rural Information Center Publication Series, No. 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czerniak, Robert, Comp.

    This bibliography includes citations of approximately 60 books and articles pertaining to manufactured housing or "mobile homes," an important segment of the national housing industry. The availability of manufactured homes for low and moderate income groups is significant in light of skyrocketing new-housing costs. The South leads the nation with…

  14. Hepatitis in a Housing Development

    PubMed Central

    Gordon, P. C.; Reid, B. L.; Embil, J.

    1964-01-01

    To detect the extent of subclinical infection during an outbreak of infectious hepatitis in a low-cost, high-density housing development, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) levels were measured in 390 of the 1650 residents. Elevated SGOT values were found in 17.4% of those tested. Abnormal levels were more common in young children, occurring in 24.7% of those under 5 years of age and in 24.1% of those from 5 to 9 years of age. It was concluded that subclinical infection was widespread in the development, children under 10 years of age forming the principal reservoir. The concentration of many small children with poor personal hygiene favoured the spread of the infection. More extensive play areas and other facilities appropriate for large families, improved hygiene, dispersal of high-density housing units, and widespread use of gamma globulin in the event of an out-break are suggested as control measures. PMID:14158955

  15. Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network South Shore, Hyde Park, Logan Square, North Center, Pullman

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    , multi-family courtyard buildings. This housing stock has allowed several communities in the cluster: Vacancies decreasing, rental stock stable Archetype: Hyde Park Outlier: Logan Square Total Population: 215,007 (7.4% of city), stable Housing Stock: Multifamily, new homeowners and renters Racial

  16. Affordable Development and Qualification Strategy for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gerrish, Harold P., Jr.; Bhattacharyya, Samit K.

    2013-01-01

    Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) is a concept which uses a nuclear reactor to heat a propellant to high temperatures without combustion and can achieve significantly greater specific impulse than chemical engines. NTP has been considered many times for human and cargo missions beyond low earth orbit. A lot of development and technical maturation of NTP components took place during the Rover/NERVA program of the 60's and early 70's. Other NTP programs and studies followed attempting to further mature the NTP concept and identify a champion customer willing to devote the funds and support the development schedule to a demonstration mission. Budgetary constraints require the use of an affordable development and qualification strategy that takes into account all the previous work performed on NTP to construct an existing database, and include lessons learned and past guidelines followed. Current guidelines and standards NASA uses for human rating chemical rocket engines is referenced. The long lead items for NTP development involve the fuel elements of the reactor and ground testing the engine system, subsystem, and components. Other considerations which greatly impact the development plans includes the National Space Policy, National Environmental Policy Act, Presidential Directive/National Security Council Memorandum #25 (Scientific or Technological Experiments with Possible Large-Scale Adverse Environmental Effects and Launch of Nuclear Systems into Space), and Safeguards and Security. Ground testing will utilize non-nuclear test capabilities to help down select components and subsystems before testing in a nuclear environment to save time and cost. Existing test facilities with minor modifications will be considered to the maximum extent practical. New facilities will be designed to meet minimum requirements. Engine and test facility requirements are based on the driving mission requirements with added factors of safety for better assurance and reliability. Emphasis will be placed on small engines, since the smaller the NTP engine, the easier it is to transport, assemble/disassemble, and filter the exhaust during tests. A new ground test concept using underground bore holes (modeled after the underground nuclear test program) to filter the NTP engine exhaust is being considered. The NTP engine system design, development, test, and evaluation plan includes many engine components and subsystems, which are very similar to those used in chemical engines, and can be developed in conjunction with them Other less mature NTP engine components and subsystems (e.g., reactor) will be thoroughly analyzed and tested to acceptable levels recommended by the referenced standards and guidelines. The affordable development strategy also considers a prototype flight test, as a final step in the development process. Preliminary development schedule estimates show that an aggressive development schedule (without much margin) will be required to be flight ready for a 2033 human mission to Mars.

  17. POTENTIAL EFFECTS OF SUBSIDY PROGRAMMES ON HOUSING AFFORDABILITY: THE CASES OF BUDAPEST AND MOSCOW

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JÓzsef Hegedüs; Natalia Rogozhina; Eszter Somogyi; Raymond Struyk; Andrey Tumanov

    2004-01-01

    Mortgage markets are coming of age in a number of Eastern Europe and CIS countries. As they do, governments are looking to mortgage-loan associated subsidy schemes to respond to the popular demand for improved housing. This paper presents a detailed examination of the impact of two types of subsidy schemes–mortgage interest rate write-downs, both universal and income-targeted, and income-targeted down-payment

  18. Exploring Cost-Effective, High Performance Residential Retrofits for Affordable Housing in the Hot Humid Climate

    SciTech Connect

    McIlvaine, Janet; Sutherland, Karen; Schleith, Kevin; Chandra, Subrato

    2010-08-27

    In 2009, a Department of Energy Building America team led by the Florida Solar Energy Center began working with partners to find cost-effective paths for improving the energy performance of existing homes in the hot humid climate. A test-in energy audit and energy use modeling of the partner's proposed renovation package was performed for 41 affordable and middle income foreclosed homes in Florida and Alabama. HERS1 Indices ranged from 92 to 184 with modeled energy savings ranging from 3% to 50% (average of 26%). Analyses and recommendations were discussed with partners to encourage more efficient retrofits, highlight health and safety issues, and gather feedback on incremental cost of high performance measures. Ten completed renovations have modeled energy savings ranging from 9% to 48% (average 31%.) This paper presents the project's process including our findings thus far and highlights of the first home to meet the target HERS Index of 70.

  19. Homeowner’s Perspective of Affordable Housing Rehabilitation: A Case Study of a Veteran’s Program in the State of Texas

    E-print Network

    Velasco Navarrete, Carlos D

    2014-12-15

    This case study research focuses on the advantages and challenges experienced by homeowners who purchases and live in rehabilitated affordable houses of a Veteran’s Program in the state of Texas. The Veteran’s Program aims to provide low and no...

  20. Making Home Affordable

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Started by the Department of the Treasury and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the Making Housing Affordable (MHA) initiative is designed to help homeowners avoid foreclosure. On the site's homepage, visitors can learn about their eligibility for assistance, hear feedback from other homeowners who have participated, and sign up to receive email updates about these programs. Many of the materials here are contained within five primary sections, which include "Learn More", "News", and "Get Assistance". Also, visitors can learn about upcoming events sponsored by the MHA in their area, and also learn about potential housing scams. Additionally, visitors who work in the housing industry and non-profit organizations can use the "For Partners" area to find additional resources to help those people they work with.

  1. Bay Ridge Gardens - Mixed-Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit

    SciTech Connect

    Lyons, J.; Moore, M.; Thompson, M.

    2013-08-01

    Under this project, Newport Partners (as part of the BA-PIRC research team) evaluated the installation, measured performance, and cost-effectiveness of efficiency upgrade measures for a tenant-in-place DER at the Bay Ridge multifamily (MF) development in Annapolis, Maryland. The design and construction phase of the Bay Ridge project was completed in August 2012. This report summarizes system commissioning, short-term test results, utility bill data analysis, and analysis of real-time data collected over a one-year period after the retrofit was complete. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a 'base scope' retrofit which was estimated to achieve a 30%+ savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on 186 apartments, and a 'DER scope' which was estimated to achieve 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on a 12-unit building. The base scope was applied to the entire apartment complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. A wide range of efficiency measures was applied to pursue this savings target for the DER building, including improvements/replacements of mechanical equipment and distribution systems, appliances, lighting and lighting controls, the building envelope, hot water conservation measures, and resident education. The results of this research build upon the current body of knowledge of multifamily retrofits. Towards this end, the research team has collected and generated data on the selection of measures, their estimated performance, their measured performance, and risk factors and their impact on potential measures.

  2. 24 CFR 1000.120 - May a recipient use Indian preference or tribal preference in selecting families for housing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.120 May a recipient use Indian preference or...

  3. 24 CFR 1000.140 - May a recipient use grant funds to purchase insurance for privately owned housing to protect...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.140 May a recipient use grant funds to...

  4. Cardiovascular health outcomes of Latinos in the Affordable Housing as an Obesity Mediating Environment (AHOME) study: a study of rental assistance use.

    PubMed

    Chambers, Earle C; Rosenbaum, Emily

    2014-06-01

    Studies have shown that households subsidized with vouchers live in higher quality units and exhibit fewer physical, mental, and social problems than do their peers living in public housing. However, none of these studies have included cardiovascular outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess if use/type of rental assistance is independently associated with poor cardiovascular health among Latino adults (ages ? 18) who are eligible for federal low-income rental assistance and living in the Bronx, NY. Data from the cross-sectional, Affordable Housing as an Obesity Mediating Environment study, collected over 18 months (January 2011 to August 2012) were used. The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes was determined by measured high blood pressure and self-reported heart attack and/or stroke. Type of housing status was defined as: public housing units, units subsidized by section 8 vouchers, and units unassisted by either federal program. Statistical techniques used were analysis of variance and multivariate logistic regression. The prevalence of CVD was significantly higher among public housing residents than unassisted participants even in the presence of all individual level covariates. Public housing residents also have higher levels of CVD than do section 8 participants. The prevalence of CVD was similar for unassisted and section 8 participants. These findings point to the potential for health benefits arising from housing voucher use even within a fairly delimited geographic area. PMID:24190105

  5. Development of an affordable dye-stained microalbuminuria screening test

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierrot Lundimu Tugirimana; Joris R. Delanghe

    2008-01-01

    Background. A simple spot test was developed, which al- lows quantification of microalbuminuria. Evaluation was carried out according to the ISO 15189 guidelines. Methods. Urine was spotted on cellulose acetate strips and stained using different sensitive protein binding dyes (ni- grosin, Coomassie Blue R-250, amido black). The colour intensity of the stained spots was quantified using a Kodak Image 450

  6. Prepreg and Melt Infiltration Technology Developed for Affordable, Robust Manufacturing of Ceramic Matrix Composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Singh, Mrityunjay; Petko, Jeannie F.

    2004-01-01

    Affordable fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites with multifunctional properties are critically needed for high-temperature aerospace and space transportation applications. These materials have various applications in advanced high-efficiency and high-performance engines, airframe and propulsion components for next-generation launch vehicles, and components for land-based systems. A number of these applications require materials with specific functional characteristics: for example, thick component, hybrid layups for environmental durability and stress management, and self-healing and smart composite matrices. At present, with limited success and very high cost, traditional composite fabrication technologies have been utilized to manufacture some large, complex-shape components of these materials. However, many challenges still remain in developing affordable, robust, and flexible manufacturing technologies for large, complex-shape components with multifunctional properties. The prepreg and melt infiltration (PREMI) technology provides an affordable and robust manufacturing route for low-cost, large-scale production of multifunctional ceramic composite components.

  7. Understanding Affordances and Challenges of Three Types of Video for Teacher Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Meilan; Lundeberg, Mary; Koehler, Matthew J.; Eberhardt, Jan

    2011-01-01

    Although researchers have reported positive effects on teacher learning from observing published video, teachers' own video, and their colleagues' video, very few professional development programs have integrated all three types of video to improve teacher learning. In this study, we examined the affordances and challenges of the three types of…

  8. House Energy and Water Development FY 2007 Appropriations Passed by House Appropriations Committee May 17, 2006, Status: sent to House

    E-print Network

    House Energy and Water Development FY 2007 Appropriations Passed by House Appropriations Committee May 17, 2006, Status: sent to House Fusion Energy Sciences ­ Office of Science The Committee recommendation for fusion energy sciences is $318,950,000, the same as the budget request. The Committee

  9. Doing their part? : proactive planning and deliberate avoidance of affordable housing by Massachusetts communities in response to Chapter 40B

    E-print Network

    Frantz, Anna J. (Anna Jordan)

    2005-01-01

    Chapter 40B is an innovative Massachusetts law adopted in 1969 to expand the supply and distribution of subsidized housing throughout the state. The statute creates a streamlined permitting process through which municipalities ...

  10. Low-income housing in Kampala, Uganda : a strategy package to overcome barriers for delivering housing opportunities affordable to the urban poor

    E-print Network

    Mayer, Richard Campbell

    2011-01-01

    The city of Kampala, Uganda, is struggling with a housing deficit that is compounding each year and creating market distortions that threaten to derail recent economic success and destabilize the social fabric of the ...

  11. Cutting energy costs in multifamily housing: Practical case studies for the builder and developer

    SciTech Connect

    Whiddon, W.I.

    1986-01-01

    This book is based on an expert evaluation of nine existing and three proposed multifamily housing projects across the US. The existing buildings include three lowrise projects (three to four stories), six midrises (five to seven stories), and three highrise buildings (nine to thirty-nine stories). Two projects were designed and built in the late 1950's, two in the late 1960's, and five late in the ''energy-crisis'' of the 1970's. The existing projects range from municipally subsidized elderly housing, to HUD Section-8 suburban developments, to luxury urban highrise buildings. The three ''future'' buildings, designed by the NAHB research team, were based on trends anticipated in the multifamily industry by IREM and NAHB leaders, over the next five years. The key trends identified were: downsizing of units (by 10 to 20%); increased project size (in number of units), denser developments (more midrise and highrise projects), and increased amenities - all in the context of more affordable housing.

  12. Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network Lake View, Armour Square (Chinatown), West Town, Near North Side, Near South

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Side, Loop Defining Criteria: Vacancies decreasing, rental stock growing Archetype: West Town Outlier: Near South Side Total Population: 292,992 (10.1% of city), grew 8.1% Housing Stock: Multifamily, new,108, increased 22.6% Cluster Characteristics The communities represented in the Booming cluster have seen

  13. 24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply to housing...

  14. Designing sustainability for whom? Recent housing developments in Southwest Montréal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claire Poitras

    2009-01-01

    This paper sets out to show how urban sustainability issues have been addressed by social, political, and economic actors involved in housing production in Montréal. Specifically, it looks at how the environmental question has been incorporated into the practice and discourse of recent housing schemes. Principles of sustainable development such as adaptive reuse of industrial buildings and infill housing that

  15. Spatial analysis on future housing markets: economic development and housing implications.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xin; Wang, Lizhe

    2014-01-01

    A coupled projection method combining formal modelling and other statistical techniques was developed to delineate the relationship between economic and social drivers for net new housing allocations. Using the example of employment growth in Tyne and Wear, UK, until 2016, the empirical analysis yields housing projections at the macro- and microspatial levels (e.g., region to subregion to elected ward levels). The results have important implications for the strategic planning of locations for housing and employment, demonstrating both intuitively and quantitatively how local economic developments affect housing demand. PMID:24892097

  16. National Low Income Housing Coalition

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2005-01-01

    Amid the successes of new residential housing developments throughout the United States, there are many policy analysts and community activists who remain concern about the general lack of affordable housing in some parts of the country. One such group is the National Low Income Housing Coalition, which is primarily focused on the creation and maintenance of housing for persons in the lowest income brackets. The site itself is quite rich in materials, including the Advocateâ??s Guide which contains short chapters describing more than 60 housing-related programs, proposals, and issues. Another very useful set of documents are the â??Out of Reachâ?ť annual reports, which offer statistical data and summaries of the affordability (or lack of affordability) of housing options in different regions of the country.

  17. Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents` energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today`s results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

  18. Sustainability Assessment of Housing Developments : A New Methodology

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Sustainability Assessment of Housing Developments : A New Methodology L'évaluation de la this problem by presenting a new methodology to assess the sustainability of housing development systems. The methodology uses indicators with a common "Sustainability Scale" which is derived from percentiles

  19. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Periodicals

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2006-01-01

    The U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) publishes periodicals aimed towards urban development professionals, policy makers, and scholars. This website brings all of these periodicals together in one place, and visitors can look through current and past issues of "Cityscape", and the quarterly report, "U.S. Housing Market Conditions". For those interested in a more general-interest publication, "Cityscape" is a good bet, as it contains pieces on housing vouchers, ethnically diverse urban neighborhoods, and the legacy of the Fair Housing Act. Finally, the "U.S. Housing Market Conditions" reports consist of statistical data and written reports on the quarterly status of economic and housing market trends for 10 geographical regions.

  20. Recent House Price Developments: The Role of Fundamentals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathalie Girouard; Mike Kennedy; Paul van den Noord; Christophe André

    2006-01-01

    In the vast majority of OECD economies, house prices in real terms have been moving up strongly since the mid-1990s. Because of the important role housing wealth has been playing during the current upswing, this paper will look more closely at what is underlying these developments for 18 OECD countries over the period from 1970 to the present, with a

  1. Development of a new class of satellites: a composite lightweight affordable spacecraft structure

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, T.C.; Parietti, L.

    1996-06-01

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in partnership with Composite Optics Incorporated (COI) has successfully designed and tested a Composite Lightweight Affordable Structure (CLASS). The use of advanced composites in space applications is well developed, but the application of an all-composite satellite structure has not been achieved until now. The development of this low-cost, lightweight, composite technology for use in small satellite structures, in this case, for the Fast On-Orbit Recording of Transient Events (FORT{acute E}) satellite mission will make a considerable contribution to the advanced spacecraft community. A common practice for constructing small spacecraft structures is to use an all-aluminum spacecraft bus. Compared to a composite structure, this reduces the payload capacity significantly; however, the cost of the aluminum structure has historically been lower than one of that uses lightweight components. LANL mission requirements dictate the need for a long term solution that substantially increased the ratio of payload to structural mass while maintaining a low-risk low-cost approach. LANL intends to use the concept developed for FORT{acute E} on future missions requiring similar enhanced payload capacities. 1 fig.

  2. Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network: doing good by making high-quality vaccines affordable for all.

    PubMed

    Pagliusi, Sonia; Leite, Luciana C C; Datla, Mahima; Makhoana, Morena; Gao, Yongzhong; Suhardono, Mahendra; Jadhav, Suresh; Harshavardhan, Gutla V J A; Homma, Akira

    2013-04-18

    The Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network (DCVMN) is a unique model of a public and private international alliance. It assembles governmental and private organizations to work toward a common goal of manufacturing and supplying high-quality vaccines at affordable prices to protect people around the world from known and emerging infectious diseases. Together, this group of manufacturers has decades of experience in manufacturing vaccines, with technologies, know-how, and capacity to produce more than 40 vaccines types. These manufacturers have already contributed more than 30 vaccines in various presentations that have been prequalified by the World Health Organization for use by global immunization programmes. Furthermore, more than 45 vaccines are in the pipeline. Recent areas of focus include vaccines to protect against rotavirus, human papillomavirus (HPV), Japanese encephalitis, meningitis, hepatitis E, poliovirus, influenza, and pertussis, as well as combined pentavalent vaccines for children. The network has a growing number of manufacturers that produce a growing number of products to supply the growing demand for vaccines in developing countries. PMID:23598479

  3. 75 FR 38514 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Challenge Planning...should read ``Department of Housing and Urban Development''. [FR Doc. C1...

  4. 24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...false Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.301 Project-specific assistance to community housing development...

  5. 24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...false Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.301 Project-specific assistance to community housing development...

  6. 24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...false Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.301 Project-specific assistance to community housing development...

  7. 24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false Set-aside for community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.300 Set-aside for community housing development...

  8. 24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Set-aside for community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.300 Set-aside for community housing development...

  9. 24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 false Set-aside for community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.300 Set-aside for community housing development...

  10. Touch Affordances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slegers, Karin; de Roeck, Dries; Arnall, Timo

    The workshop “Touch Affordances” addresses a concept relevant to human computer interactions based on touch. The main topic is the challenge of applying the notion of affordances to domains related to touch interactions (e.g. (multi)touch screens, RFID & NFC, ubiquitous interfaces). The goals of this workshop are to launch a community of researchers, designers, etc. interested in this topic, to create a common understanding of the field of touch affordances and to generate ideas for new research areas for intuitive touch interactions. The workshop will be highly interactive and will have a creative, generative character.

  11. Influence of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act on the Development of the Patient Centered Medical Home

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anjali Rao

    2012-01-01

    The Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model of care incorporates many public health concepts. Some supporters of PCMH regard the Affordable Care Act (ACA) as legislation that will invigorate PCMH progress across the country. This policy analysis intends to understand the influence of the ACA on the development of PCMH. The policy analysis compares relevant sections of the ACA with

  12. 19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST PROPERTY LINE ADJACENT TO TREE AND RUNS ALONG SIDE OF SHED. LOOKING NORTH AND SLIGHTLY EAST FROM ADJOINING PROPERTY. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

  13. Affordable spectroscopy for 1m-class telescopes: recent developments and applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Csák, B.; Kovács, J.; Szabó, Gy. M.; Kiss, L. L.; Dózsa, Á.; Sódor, Á.; Jankovics, I.

    2014-03-01

    Doppler observations of exoplanet systems have been a very expensive technique, mainly due to the high costs of high-resolution stable spectrographs. Recent advances in instrumentation enable affordable Doppler planet detections with surprisingly small optical telescopes. We investigate the possibility of measuring Doppler reflex motion of planet hosting stars with small-aperture telescopes that have traditionally been neglected for this kind of studies. After thoroughly testing the recently developed and commercially available Shelyak eShel echelle spectrograph, we demonstrated that it is routinely possible to achieve velocity precision at the 100 m s-1 level, reaching down to ¬± 50 m s-1 for the best cases. We describe our off-the-shelf instrumentation, including a new 0.5m RC telescope at the Gothard Astrophysical Observatory of Loránd E&ötv&ös University equipped with an intermediate resolution fiber-fed echelle spectrograph. We present some follow-up radial velocity measurements of planet hosting stars and point out that updating the orbital solution of Doppler-planets is a very important task that can be fulfilled with sub-meter sized optical telescopes without requesting very expensive telescope times on 2—4 m (or larger) class telescopes.

  14. Bridging gaps in discovery and development: chemical and biological sciences for affordable health, wellness and sustainability.

    PubMed

    Chauhan, Prem Man Singh

    2011-05-01

    To commemorate 2011 as the International Year of Chemistry, the Indian Society of Chemists and Biologists organized its 15th International Conference on 'Bridging Gaps in Discovery and Development: Chemical and Biological Sciences for Affordable Health, Wellness and Sustainability' at Hotel Grand Bhagwati, in association with Saurashtra University, Rajkot, India. Anamik Shah, President of the Indian Society of Chemists and Biologists, was organizing secretary of the conference. Nicole Moreau, President of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and Secretary General of the Comité National de la Chimie, National Centre for Scientific Research France, was chief guest of the function. The four-day scientific program included 52 plenary lectures, 24 invited lectures by eminent scientists in the field and 12 oral presentations. A total of 317 posters were presented by young scientists and PhD students in three different poster sessions. Approximately 750 delegates from India, the USA, UK, France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Belgium, Sweden, Japan and other countries attended the conference. The majority of the speakers gave presentations related to their current projects and areas of interest and many of the talks covered synthesis, structure-activity relationships, current trends in medicinal chemistry and drug research. PMID:21644823

  15. Bay Ridge Gardens - Mixed Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit: Annapolis, Maryland. Building America Case Study: Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2013-10-01

    Under this project, Newport Partners (as part of the BA-PIRC research team) evaluated the installation, measured performance, and cost-effectiveness of efficiency upgrade measures for a tenant-in-place DER at the Bay Ridge multifamily (MF) development in Annapolis, Maryland. The design and construction phase of the Bay Ridge project was completed in August 2012. This report summarizes system commissioning, short-term test results, utility bill data analysis, and analysis of real-time data collected over a one-year period after the retrofit was complete. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a "base scope" retrofit which was estimated to achieve a 30%+ savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on 186 apartments, and a "DER scope" which was estimated to achieve 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on a 12-unit building. The base scope was applied to the entire apartment complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. A wide range of efficiency measures was applied to pursue this savings target for the DER building, including improvements/replacements of mechanical equipment and distribution systems, appliances, lighting and lighting controls, the building envelope, hot water conservation measures, and resident education. The results of this research build upon the current body of knowledge of multifamily retrofits. Towards this end, the research team has collected and generated data on the selection of measures, their estimated performance, their measured performance, and risk factors and their impact on potential measures.

  16. Analyzing the flexibility of inclusionary zoning : should affordable units be built on-site or off-site?

    E-print Network

    Alonso, Rachel (Rachel Margaret)

    2012-01-01

    Inclusionarv zoning (IZ), a strategy first adopted by municipalities in the 1970S to create affordable housing, requires private developers of market-rate residential projects to set-aside a certain percentage of units as ...

  17. DEVELOPMENT AND MONITORING OF A SUSTAINABLE AFFORDABLE HOUSING COMMUNITY IN SOUTHWEST FLORIDA GULF COAST UNIVERSITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The planet will be improved due to less energy and therefore lowered carbon production, less water use in yards, greater use of native plant species in yards, and less runoff pollution from yards. ...

  18. Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development

    SciTech Connect

    Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

    2013-02-01

    The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

  19. THE HOUSING ENVIRONMENT AS A FACTOR IN CHILD DEVELOPMENT. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    RICE, ROBERT R.

    IN KANSAS CITY, MO., 208 NEGRO FIVE YEAR OLDS WERE STUDIED TO EXAMINE THE INFLUENCE OF HOUSING UPON CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND TO COMPARE THE RELATIVE INFLUENCE OF HOUSING ON HEAD START AND NON-HEAD START CHILDREN. FOUR GROUPS OF 52 CHILDREN EACH INCLUDED (1) HEAD START, PUBLIC HOUSING, (2) HEAD START, SLUM HOUSING, (3) NON-HEAD START, PUBLIC HOUSING,…

  20. 75 FR 36245 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-24

    ...impediments to fair housing choice in local zoning codes...expands fair housing choice for low-income minorities...discrimination in housing based on sexual orientation or gender identity...Provide More Transportation Choices. Develop safe,...

  1. Toward Sustainable and Affordable Space Exploration: The Role of NASA's Space Product Development Program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schowengerdt, Franklin D.

    2005-02-01

    The National Vision for Space Exploration calls for sustainable and affordable human and robotic missions to explore the solar system. Sustainability requires that the program produce visible benefits to the public, along with scientific and technological advances in support of exploration that would be expected from a program of this magnitude. Affordability requires that the private sector be heavily involved, not just as contractors to NASA, but as sources of investment and direct beneficiaries of returns; in short, full participants in a long-term program that can transform the future of mankind. In order to make the vision both sustainable and affordable, true partnerships involving industry, academia and government must exist to create Earth benefits while working on needed exploration technologies and, at the same time, provide the added investments that will inevitably be required in extended periods of fiscal restraint. Such partnership programs, embodied in the Research Partnership Centers, have long existed within NASA. They have recently been realigned to more fully support the exploration vision and brought into the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate. This program and its past and potential contributions to the exploration vision will be described in detail at the conference.

  2. 24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. 972.124...Developments Identifying Developments Subject to Required Conversion § 972.124...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. The...

  3. 24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. 972.124...Developments Identifying Developments Subject to Required Conversion § 972.124...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. The...

  4. 24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. 972.124...Developments Identifying Developments Subject to Required Conversion § 972.124...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. The...

  5. Air pollution control system research: An iterative approach to developing affordable systems

    SciTech Connect

    Watt, L.C.; Cannon, F.S.; Heinsohn, R.J.; Spaeder, T.A.; Darvin, C.H.

    1993-12-31

    The research will be accomplished on lab scale, pilot scale, and production air pollution control systems (APCS). The production system, to be installed at Marine Corps Logistics Base (MCLB) Barstow, CA, will treat the exhaust from three paint booths which will be modified to recirculate a large percentage of their exhaust. These recirculation systems are, themselves, a critical element in the overall R and D effort. The goal of the program is to conduct an R and D effort which will improve and demonstrate a combination of technologies intended to make VOC treatment both effective and affordable. The US Marine Corps, the other services and industry will each benefit.

  6. Housing development for plasma electrode pockel cells. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Stubenhofer, R.L.

    1995-01-01

    The ability to produce metal machined products with deep pockets and thin walls is a critical feature of the Kansas City Plant. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories` upgrade of the NOVA Laser in preparation for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) offered the opportunity to exercise and maintain this capability on a limited scope project. Their purpose was to evaluate the feasibility of replacing the current PEPC (plasma electrode pockel cell) housings with aluminum structurally robust housings and associated hardware. When completed, the National Ignition Facility will provide other alternatives for nuclear testing to maintain the enduring stockpile. The NOVA laser is the precursor to this development.

  7. 23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ORIGINALS - QUINCES - ALONG ROAD. THE EUCALYPTUS TO THE RIGHT IS JUST OUTSIDE THE SOUTHEAST CORNER PROPERTY LINE AND WAS INDICATED ON THE 1912 BURBANK PLAN. LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

  8. Significance and survival of Enterococci during the house fly development.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Anuradha; Akhtar, Mastura; Holderman, Chris; Zurek, Ludek

    2014-01-01

    House flies are among the most important nonbiting insect pests of medical and veterinary importance. Larvae develop in decaying organic substrates and their survival strictly depends on an active microbial community. House flies have been implicated in the ecology and transmission of enterococci, including multi-antibiotic-resistant and virulent strains of Enterococcus faecalis. In this study, eight American Type Culture Collection type strains of enterococci including Enterococcus avium, Enterococcus casseliflavus, Enterococcus durans, Enterococcus hirae, Enterococcus mundtii, Enterococcus gallinarum, Enterococcusfaecalis, and Enterococcusfaecium were evaluated for their significance in the development of house flies from eggs to adults in bacterial feeding assays. Furthermore, the bacterial colonization of the gut of teneral flies as well as the importance of several virulence traits of E. faecalis in larval mortality was assessed. Overall survival of house flies (egg to adult) was significantly higher when grown with typically nonpathogenic enterococcal species such as E. hirae (76.0% survival), E. durans (64.0%), and E. avium (64.0%) compared with that with clinically important species E. faecalis (24.0%) and E. faecium (36.0%). However, no significant differences in survival of house fly larvae were detected when grown with E. faecalis strains carrying various virulence traits, including isogenic mutants of the human clinical isolate E. faecalis V583 with in-frame deletions of gelatinase, serine protease, and capsular polysaccharide serotype C. Enterococci were commonly detected in fly puparia (range: 75-100%; concentration: 103-105 CFU/puparium);however, the prevalence of enterococci in teneral flies varied greatly: from 25.0 (E. casseliflavus) to 89.5% (E. hirae). In conclusion, depending on the species, enterococci variably support house fly larval development and colonize the gut of teneral adults. The human pathogenic species, E. faecalis and E. faecium, poorly support larval development and are likely acquired in nature by adult flies during feeding. House fly larvae do not appear to be a suitable model organism for assessment of enterococcal virulence traits. PMID:24605454

  9. Repellent Plants Provide Affordable Natural Screening to Prevent Mosquito House Entry in Tropical Rural Settings—Results from a Pilot Efficacy Study

    PubMed Central

    Mng'ong'o, Frank C.; Sambali, Joseph J.; Sabas, Eustachkius; Rubanga, Justine; Magoma, Jaka; Ntamatungiro, Alex J.; Turner, Elizabeth L.; Nyogea, Daniel; Ensink, Jeroen H. J.; Moore, Sarah J.

    2011-01-01

    Sustained malaria control is underway using a combination of vector control, prompt diagnosis and treatment of malaria cases. Progress is excellent, but for long-term control, low-cost, sustainable tools that supplement existing control programs are needed. Conventional vector control tools such as indoor residual spraying and house screening are highly effective, but difficult to deliver in rural areas. Therefore, an additional means of reducing mosquito house entry was evaluated: the screening of mosquito house entry points by planting the tall and densely foliated repellent plant Lantana camara L. around houses. A pilot efficacy study was performed in Kagera Region, Tanzania in an area of high seasonal malaria transmission, where consenting families within the study village planted L. camara (Lantana) around their homes and were responsible for maintaining the plants. Questionnaire data on house design, socioeconomic status, malaria prevention knowledge, attitude and practices was collected from 231 houses with Lantana planted around them 90 houses without repellent plants. Mosquitoes were collected using CDC Light Traps between September 2008 and July 2009. Data were analysed with generalised negative binomial regression, controlling for the effect of sampling period. Indoor catches of mosquitoes in houses with Lantana were compared using the Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) relative to houses without plants in an adjusted analysis. There were 56% fewer Anopheles gambiae s.s. (IRR 0.44, 95% CI 0.28–0.68, p<0.0001); 83% fewer Anopheles funestus s.s. (IRR 0.17, 95% CI 0.09–0.32, p<0.0001), and 50% fewer mosquitoes of any kind (IRR 0.50, 95% CI 0.38–0.67, p<0.0001) in houses with Lantana relative to controls. House screening using Lantana reduced indoor densities of malaria vectors and nuisance mosquitoes with broad community acceptance. Providing sufficient plants for one home costs US $1.50 including maintenance and labour costs, (30 cents per person). L. camara mode of action and suitability for mosquito control is discussed. PMID:22022471

  10. Role of vaccine manufacturers in developing countries towards global healthcare by providing quality vaccines at affordable prices.

    PubMed

    Jadhav, S; Gautam, M; Gairola, S

    2014-05-01

    Vaccines represent one of the greatest achievements of science and medicine in the fight against infectious diseases. Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective public health tools to prevent infectious diseases. Significant progress has been made in expanding the coverage of vaccines globally, resulting in the prevention of more than two million deaths annually. In 2010, nearly 200 countries endorsed a shared vision to extend the benefits of vaccines to every person by 2020, known as the Decade of Vaccine Initiative (DoV). Vaccine manufacturers in developing countries, as represented by the Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network (DCVMN), make a significant contribution to DoV by supplying quality vaccines at affordable prices to the people who need them most. About 70% of the global Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) vaccine supplies are met by DCVMN. Besides EPI vaccine supplies, DCVMN is also targeting vaccines against rotavirus, Japanese encephalitis, pneumonia, human papillomavirus, meningitis and neglected tropical diseases. This article reviews the roles and contributions of DCVMN in making the vaccines accessible and affordable to all. PMID:24476201

  11. 7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Development work for modular/panelized housing units. 1924.8...Development § 1924.8 Development work for modular/panelized housing units. (a) Exhibit...subpart applies to all loans involving modular/panelized housing units....

  12. 7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Development work for modular/panelized housing units. 1924.8...Development § 1924.8 Development work for modular/panelized housing units. (a) Exhibit...subpart applies to all loans involving modular/panelized housing units....

  13. 7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 true Development work for modular/panelized housing units. 1924.8...Development § 1924.8 Development work for modular/panelized housing units. (a) Exhibit...subpart applies to all loans involving modular/panelized housing units....

  14. 7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Development work for modular/panelized housing units. 1924.8...Development § 1924.8 Development work for modular/panelized housing units. (a) Exhibit...subpart applies to all loans involving modular/panelized housing units....

  15. 7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Development work for modular/panelized housing...HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE...Development § 1924.8 Development work for modular/panelized housing...certification that the onsite work complies with drawings,...

  16. Affordable moving surface target engagement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Veth; J. Busque; D. Heesch; T. Burgess; F. Douglas; B. Kish

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents the results of the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency-funded Affordable Moving Surface Target Engagement program. The overall objective was to develop affordable technologies to engage moving surface targets such as tanks, tactical ballistic missile transporters and small boats. The Northrop Grumman team used moving target indicator sensors on multiple aircraft to individually track moving ground targets. Report

  17. Modeling and validation of the thermal performance of an affordable, energy efficient, healthy dwelling unit

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mahmoud A. Hassan; Sayed S. Shebl; Essam A. Ibrahim; Heshmat A. Aglan

    2011-01-01

    The thermal performance of an affordable energy-efficient single-story residential building designated as Tuskegee Healthy\\u000a House (THH) was simulated by developing a computational model for the house using Visual DOE-4 commercial software. Visual\\u000a DOE-4 package employs the same calculation engine of the proven DOE-2 building Energy Analysis program. The THH was built\\u000a from conventional building materials and construction methods according to

  18. Low-income housing : alternative strategies for building construction and project control

    E-print Network

    Sultan, Javed

    1982-01-01

    Housing low-income groups, who cannot afford even the most minimal shelter, remains a dominant issue in most developing countries. However, all the solutions advanced so far depend on large investments, either by the ...

  19. Developing Technological and Pedagogical Affordances to Support Collaborative Inquiry Science Processes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pifarre, Manoli; Wegerif, Rupert; Guiral, Alba; del Barrio, Merce

    2012-01-01

    One key feature of scientific community is collaborative shared enquiry and problem solving mediated by electronic networks. We report on the development and evaluation of an ICT tool to support learning how to learn together (L2L2) in Science Education as part of an EC funded project called "Metafora" (FP7-ICT-2009.4.2/257872). Through literature…

  20. Emergences and Affordances as Opportunities to Develop Teachers' Mathematical Content Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Julie, Cyril

    2014-01-01

    Teachers' mathematical content knowledge has been under scrutiny for some time. This development is in the wake of learners' unsatisfactory performance in national examinations and international achievement tests. A widely held belief is that one, if not the most important, of the efforts to improve and enhance the performance and…

  1. Ris-R-1287(EN) Affordances in Activity Theory and

    E-print Network

    .3 Affordances are intentional: developing the early principles of Ecological Information Systems (EIS) 26 Structured affordance spaces in EIS 27 EIS and loosely coupled domains 28 EIS affordance spaces

  2. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Inspector General Departmental Enforcement Center Office of Strategic Planning & Management Equal Employment Opportunity Policy Development and Research Fair Housing / Equal Opportunity Public ...

  3. HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items

    E-print Network

    HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items June 23, 2008 Last week the House Energy and Water Development Subcommittee completed its action on their version of the FY09 Energy and Water Development bill. The draft report language is below. The full

  4. ADVANCED WASTE TREATMENT FOR HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Treatment of wastewater from a subdivision in a physical-chemical treatment plant (screening, chemical coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, carbon adsorption, chlorination) was evaluated. The 190 cu m/day (50,000 gal/day) plant was housed in the shell of a standard house on a ...

  5. Organizational Structures of Housing Associations in the area of Real Estate Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reinier van der Kuij

    Housing associations in The Netherlands have very different points of view about their ambition and functioning as social entrepreneur. A common aspect is that they perform, in one way or another, as developer of Real Estate. They have begun, next to their original and main task of building and managing the social housing stock, to develop more expensive rental and

  6. Child Care in the Southern States: Expanding Access to Affordable Care for Low-Income Families and Fostering Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoney, Louise

    This report focuses on the financial aspects of child care from the perspective of families and government. The need for affordable child care in the Southern states is illustrated in a series of state-by-state charts and graphs. Information on the percentage of low-income families that receive help paying for child care in each state is also…

  7. Development and validation of the AHEMD-SR (Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development-Self Report) 

    E-print Network

    Lopes Brandao Areosa Rodrigues, Luis Paulo

    2005-08-29

    A contemporary view of early childhood motor development considers environmental influences as critical factors in optimal growth and behavior, with the home being the primary agent. However, minimal research exists examining ...

  8. 75 FR 63194 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Comment Request Housing Trust Fund

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-14

    ...affordable housing for homeownership through the acquisition, new construction, reconstruction, or rehabilitation of non-luxury affordable housing with suitable amenities. States and/or designated entities will ensure housing compliance with title...

  9. The Effects of Low Income Housing Tax Credit Developments on Neighborhoods

    PubMed Central

    Baum-Snow, Nathaniel; Marion, Justin

    2013-01-01

    This paper evaluates the impacts of new housing developments funded with the Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), the largest federal project based housing program in the U.S., on the neighborhoods in which they are built. A discontinuity in the formula determining the magnitude of tax credits as a function of neighborhood characteristics generates pseudo-random assignment in the number of low income housing units built in similar sets of census tracts. Tracts where projects are awarded 30 percent higher tax credits receive approximately six more low income housing units on a base of seven units per tract. These additional new low income developments cause homeowner turnover to rise, raise property values in declining areas and reduce incomes in gentrifying areas in neighborhoods near the 30th percentile of the income distribution. LIHTC units significantly crowd out nearby new rental construction in gentrifying areas but do not displace new construction in stable or declining areas. PMID:24235779

  10. 41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...the Act in the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Section 808(d)...

  11. 41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...the Act in the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Section 808(d)...

  12. 76 FR 73989 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-09...Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 AGENCY: Office...authority under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 and HUD's...

  13. 41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...the Act in the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Section 808(d)...

  14. Developing a Comprehensive Housing Strategy: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsters, Tim; Bliss, Kelly

    2007-01-01

    In the current highly competitive higher education market in North America, many colleges have identified the importance of upgrading their existing residential housing facilities as part of their strategy to attract and retain students. The case study discussed in this article describes the successful planning process used by Perkins+Will and…

  15. The Influence of Affordability in Strategic Enrollment Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pugh, Susan L.; Thompson, Roger J.

    2008-01-01

    In state houses around the country, one of the common higher education themes is affordability. As tuition costs have increased at rates exceeding that of inflation, students and families have pressed their legislative representatives to examine these increases. Affordability is a term used by various constituent groups, and its definition varies…

  16. An evaluation of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work voucher program

    E-print Network

    Mahdavi, Pedram

    2009-01-01

    Since implementation nearly 10 years ago there has been limited research into the outcomes of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work rental subsidy program. The Congressionally ...

  17. Affordability Analysis for DARPA Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. M. KROSHL; P. P. PANDOLFINI

    2000-01-01

    n recent years, an affordability analysis has become important for understanding the investments and the payoffs for all types of projects. Competing claims on a shrinking defense budget means that not every idea, no matter how technically sound, can be developed. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) undertakes high-risk, high-payoff endeavors that involve advanced technologies. There are special challenges

  18. Resident health advocates in public housing family developments.

    PubMed

    Bowen, Deborah J; Bhosrekar, Sarah Gees; Rorie, Jo-Anna; Goodman, Rachel; Thomas, Gerry; Maxwell, Nancy Irwin; Smith, Eugenia

    2015-01-01

    Translation of research to practice often needs intermediaries to help the process occur. Our Prevention Research Center has identified a total of 89 residents of public housing in the last 11 years who have been working in the Resident Health Advocate (RHA) program to engage residents in improving their own and other residents' health status by becoming trained in skills needed by community health workers. Future directions include training for teens to become Teen RHAs and further integration of our RHA program with changes in the health care system and in the roles of community health workers in general. PMID:25739061

  19. ANÁLISE DAS OPORTUNIDADES PARA O DESENVOLVIMENTO MOTOR (AFFORDANCES) EM AMBIENTES DOMÉSTICOS NO CEARÁ - BRASIL ANALYSIS OF THE OPPORTUNITIES (AFFORDANCES) FOR MOTOR DEVELOPMENT IN THE HOME ENVIRONMENT IN CEARÁ - BRAZIL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francisco Salviano Sales Nobre; Cícero Luciano; Alves Costa; Djevan Lopes de Oliveira; Débora Azevedo Cabral; Glauber Carvalho Nobre; Priscila Caçola

    Resumo: Existe um consenso na literatura científica sobre a forte influęncia dos estímulos ambientais no desenvolvimento motor das crianças. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar as oportunidades para o desenvolvimento motor em ambientes domésticos de diferentes ní- veis socioeconômicos no Estado do Ceará, Brasil. Os dados apresentados no estudo foram colhidos a partir das respostas ao questionário Affordances in

  20. Testing and Development Progress for the Safe Affordable Fission Engine (SAFE) Testing Series in the High Power Propulsion Thermal Simulator (HPPTS) at Marshall Space Flight Center

    SciTech Connect

    Van Dyke, Melissa; Houts, Mike; Godfroy, Tom; Dickens, Ricky [Marshall Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Huntsville, Alabama, 35812 (United States); Poston, David; Kapernick, Rick; Reid, Bob [Los Alamos National Laboratory, University of California, US Department of Energy, PO Box 1663, MS J576, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Salvail, Pat [ITT Research Institute, Marshall Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Huntsville, Alabama, 35812 (United States); Ring, Peter [Advanced Methods and Materials, 510 Lawrence Expressway, Suite 203, Sunnyvale, California, 94086 (United States)

    2002-07-01

    Successful development of space fission systems will require an extensive program of affordable and realistic testing. In addition to tests related to design/development of the fission system, realistic testing of the actual flight unit must also be performed. Testing can be divided into two categories, non-nuclear tests and nuclear tests. Full power nuclear tests of space fission systems are expensive, time consuming, and of limited use, even in the best of programmatic environments. If the system is designed to operate within established radiation damage and fuel burn up limits while simultaneously being designed to allow close simulation of heat from fission using resistance heaters, high confidence in fission system performance and lifetime can be attained through a series of non-nuclear tests. Non-nuclear tests are affordable and timely, and the cause of component and system failures can be quickly and accurately identified. The Safe Affordable Fission Engine (SAFE) test series, whose ultimate goal is the demonstration of a 400 kW flight configuration system, has demonstrated that realistic testing can be performed using non-nuclear methods. This test series, carried out in collaboration with other NASA centers, other government agencies, industry, and universities, successfully completed a testing program with a 30 kWt core, Stirling engine, and ion engine configuration. Additionally, a 100 kWt core is in fabrication and appropriate test facilities are being reconfigured. This paper describes the current SAFE non-nuclear tests, which includes test article descriptions, test results and conclusions, and future test plans. (authors)

  1. Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents 

    E-print Network

    Haberl, J. S.; Kootin-Sanwu, V.

    1999-01-01

    ESL-TR-99/01-01 Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents Funded by Center for Energy and Mineral Research Texas A&M University Progress Report January 1999 Jeff. S. Haberl, Associate Professor Victor Kootin... construction. Habitat for Humanity provides the owner with an interest free loans where mortgage credit is not possible. The organization sells these houses at no profit. Habitat for CEMR Progress Report Energy Systems Laboratory January 1999 Texas A...

  2. Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    The text of an act making apropriations for the Department of Housing and Urban Development and sundry independent agencies, boards, commissions, corporations, and offices for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985 is given. Money is appropriated for rent supplements, housing counseling Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank, urban homesteadng, American Battle Monuments, Commission, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Environmental Protection Agency, and other agencies and programs.

  3. Condensed tannins inhibit house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) development in livestock manure.

    PubMed

    Littlefield, Kimberly A; Muir, James P; Lambert, Barry D; Tomberlin, Jeffery K

    2011-12-01

    Reducing chemical use for suppressing internal and external parasites of livestock is essential for protecting environmental health. Although plant condensed tannins are known to suppress gastro-intestinal parasites in small ruminants, no research on the effects of tannins on external arthropod populations such as the house fly, Musca domestica L., have been conducted. We examined the impact of plant material containing condensed tannins on house fly development. Prairie acacia (Acacia angustissima (Mill.), Kuntze variety hirta (Nutt.) B.L. Rob.) herbage, panicled tick-clover (Desmodium paniculatum (L.) DC.) herbage, and quebracho (Shinopsis balansae Engl.) extracts were introduced at rates of 1, 3 or 5% condensed tannins/kg beef cattle, dairy cattle, and goat manure, respectively. In a second experiment, we also introduce purified catechin at 1 or 3% of dairy manure dry matter and measured its impact on house fly development. For the house flies used in these experiments, the following was recorded: percent fly emergence (PFE), average daily gain (ADG), and average fly weight (AFW). No effects (P>0.05) in house fly development were measured in the caprine manure. Prairie acacia (20.9% condensed tannins) had no effect on house flies developing in either bovine manures. Tick clover (4.9% condensed tannins) had a negative effect on all three quantifiable variables of house fly development in the bovine manures, whereas quebracho extract (64.0% condensed tannins) at the 3 and 5% rate reduced fly emergence in beef manure and average daily gain in dairy manure. The application of purified catechin at 3%, but not 1%, reduced fly PFE, ADG, and AFW. PMID:22217775

  4. Affordability Approaches for Human Space Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holladay, Jon; Smith, David Alan

    2012-01-01

    The design and development of historical NASA Programs (Apollo, Shuttle and International Space Station), have been based on pre-agreed missions which included specific pre-defined destinations (e.g., the Moon and low Earth orbit). Due to more constrained budget profiles, and the desire to have a more flexible architecture for Mission capture as it is affordable, NASA is working toward a set of Programs that are capability based, rather than mission and/or destination specific. This means designing for a performance capability that can be applied to a specific human exploration mission/destination later (sometime years later). This approach does support developing systems to flatter budgets over time, however, it also poses the challenge of how to accomplish this effectively while maintaining a trained workforce, extensive manufacturing, test and launch facilities, and ensuring mission success ranging from Low Earth Orbit to asteroid destinations. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in support of Exploration Systems Directorate (ESD) in Washington, DC has been developing approaches to track affordability across multiple Programs. The first step is to ensure a common definition of affordability: the discipline to bear cost in meeting a budget with margin over the life of the program. The second step is to infuse responsibility and accountability for affordability into all levels of the implementing organization since affordability is no single person s job; it is everyone s job. The third step is to use existing data to identify common affordability elements organized by configuration (vehicle/facility), cost, schedule, and risk. The fourth step is to analyze and trend this affordability data using an affordability dashboard to provide status, measures, and trends for ESD and Program level of affordability tracking. This paper will provide examples of how regular application of this approach supports affordable and therefore sustainable human space exploration architecture.

  5. Developing empirically supported theories of change for housing investment and health.

    PubMed

    Thomson, Hilary; Thomas, Sian

    2015-01-01

    The assumption that improving housing conditions can lead to improved health may seem a self-evident hypothesis. Yet evidence from intervention studies suggests small or unclear health improvements, indicating that further thought is required to refine this hypothesis. Articulation of a theory can help avoid a black box approach to research and practice and has been advocated as especially valuable for those evaluating complex social interventions like housing. This paper presents a preliminary theory of housing improvement and health based on a systematic review conducted by the authors. Following extraction of health outcomes, data on all socio-economic impacts were extracted by two independent reviewers from both qualitative and quantitative studies. Health and socio-economic outcome data from the better quality studies (n = 23/34) were mapped onto a one page logic models by two independent reviewers and a final model reflecting reviewer agreement was prepared. Where there was supporting evidence of links between outcomes these were indicated in the model. Two models of specific improvements (warmth & energy efficiency; and housing led renewal), and a final overall model were prepared. The models provide a visual map of the best available evidence on the health and socio-economic impacts of housing improvement. The use of a logic model design helps to elucidate the possible pathways between housing improvement and health and as such might be described as an empirically based theory. Changes in housing factors were linked to changes in socio-economic determinants of health. This points to the potential for longer term health impacts which could not be detected within the lifespan of the evaluations. The developed theories are limited by the available data and need to be tested and refined. However, in addition to providing one page summaries for evidence users, the theory may usefully inform future research on housing and health. PMID:25461878

  6. Development of skin structure and cutaneous water loss in nestling desert House Sparrows from Saudi Arabia

    E-print Network

    Williams, Jos. B.

    Development of skin structure and cutaneous water loss in nestling desert House Sparrows from Saudi layers that limit cutaneous water loss (CWL). We examined the development of structure of the SC and CWL bodies; Cutaneous water loss 1. Introduction When vertebrates invaded land, strong selection pressures

  7. Development of an Open-Source Smart Energy House for K-12 Education

    E-print Network

    , with actual loads, using an Arduino Uno electronics platform as an interface to a PC. A reference program on the work development board Arduino Uno, the work of MIT on project Scratch, and the expansion has funded the construction of the first 10 houses. Energyville has funded the electronics and Arduino

  8. Development of China's Real Estate Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hung-Gay Fung; Jau-Lian Jeng; Qingfeng \\ Liu

    2010-01-01

    Over the past two decades, real estate has evolved from government-controlled to a commercial product, emerging and developing into an important component of China's financial markets. Although the overall gross domestic product (GDP) and income levels have been growing rapidly, the even-faster rising housing costs have exacerbated the problem of housing affordability. Real estate development has become a key factor

  9. _________ _________ ___________Affordable Vocational Rehabilitation

    E-print Network

    Geldenhuys, Jaco

    Marais 2011 © Mediclinic International Ltd. | Presentation for Dept Occupational Therapy US - 50 year reunion | 15-July -2011 #12;3 · Work setting · Burning questions re affordable occupational therapy. | Presentation for Dept Occupational Therapy US - 50 year reunion | 15-July -2011 #12;4 · An acute in

  10. The Problem with Affordance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliver, Martin

    2005-01-01

    This article reviews the concept of "affordance", a term widely used in the literature on learning and technology to try and explain the properties technologies have. It is argued that the concept has drifted so far from its origins that it is now too ambiguous to be analytically valuable. In addition, it is suggested that its origins in…

  11. Affordable Development and Demonstration of a Small NTR engine and Stage: A Preliminary NASA, DOE, and Industry Assessment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Borowski, S. K.; Sefcik, R. J.; Fittje, J. E.; McCurdy, D. R.; Qualls, A. L.; Schnitzler, B. G; Werner, J.; Weitzberg, A.; Joyner, C. R.

    2015-01-01

    In FY'11, Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) was identified as a key propulsion option under the Advanced In-Space Propulsion (AISP) component of NASA's Exploration Technology Development and Demonstration (ETDD) program A strategy was outlined by GRC and NASA HQ that included 2 key elements -"Foundational Technology Development" followed by specific "Technology Demonstration" projects. The "Technology Demonstration "element proposed ground technology demonstration (GTD) testing in the early 2020's, followed by a flight technology demonstration (FTD) mission by approx. 2025. In order to reduce development costs, the demonstration projects would focus on developing a small, low thrust (approx. 7.5 -16.5 klb(f)) engine that utilizes a "common" fuel element design scalable to the higher thrust (approx. 25 klb(f)) engines used in NASA's Mars DRA 5.0 study(NASA-SP-2009-566). Besides reducing development costs and allowing utilization of existing, flight proven engine hard-ware (e.g., hydrogen pumps and nozzles), small, lower thrust ground and flight demonstration engines can validate the technology and offer improved capability -increased payloads and decreased transit times -valued for robotic science missions identified in NASA's Decadal Study.

  12. The Development of A Reusable Simulation Model for the Modular Housing Industry Using ProModel and Visual Basic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mahdi Nasereddin; Michael A. Mullens; PE Dayana Cope

    Developing a simulation model can be a time consuming process. Often multiple simulation models are built to simulate similar systems with small differences. The Housing Constructability Lab at the University of Central Florida has developed numerous models of modular housing manufacturing operations, both existing and planned. While the physical configurations differed considerably, the underlying manufacturing processes and relationships were remarkably

  13. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

    E-print Network

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development #12 Development. Healthy housing reference manual. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2006. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the Centers for Disease Control

  14. Improved affordability of high precision submarine inertial navigation by insertion of rapidly developing fiber optic gyro technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dwayne W. Heckman; LT Michael Baretela

    2000-01-01

    Life cycle cost containment of the strategic weapons system (SWS), without loss of ultra high performance, is a very important goal of the entire Navy Strategic Systems Program community. Boeing is responding by guiding large advances in the state-of-the art of fiber optic gyro technology and developing a new associated navigation system. All of the very stringent strategic weapons system

  15. The Development of an Implementation Model for ICT in Education: An Example of the Interaction of Affordances and Multimodality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadfield, Mark; Jopling, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of a model targeted at non-specialist practitioners implementing innovations that involve information and communication technology (ICT) in education. It is based on data from a national evaluation of ICT-based projects in initial teacher education, which included a large-scale questionnaire survey and six…

  16. Analysis of Housing Partnerships using the Balanced Scorecard framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhayda Garzon

    2011-01-01

    Housing Partnerships (HPs) are collaborative arrangements that assist communities in the delivery of affordable housing by combining the strengths of the public and private sectors. They emerged in several states, counties, and cities in the eighties as innovative solutions to the challenges in affordable housing resulting from changing dynamics of delivery and production. ^ My study examines HPs with particular

  17. Making new vaccines affordable: a comparison of financing processes used to develop and deploy new meningococcal and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines.

    PubMed

    Hargreaves, James R; Greenwood, Brian; Clift, Charles; Goel, Akshay; Roemer-Mahler, Anne; Smith, Richard; Heymann, David L

    2011-11-26

    Mechanisms to increase access to health products are varied and controversial. Two innovative mechanisms have been used to accelerate the development of low-price supply lines for conjugate vaccines. The Meningitis Vaccine Project is a so-called push mechanism that facilitated technology transfer to an Indian company to establish capacity to manufacture a vaccine. The Advanced Market Commitment for pneumococcal vaccines is a so-called pull mechanism that guarantees companies a supplement paid in addition to the purchase price for vaccines for a specific period. We compare these approaches, identifying key dimensions of each and considering their potential for replication. We also discuss issues that the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI) face now that these new vaccines are available. Progress towards GAVI's strategic aims is needed and funding is crucial. Approaches that decrease the financial pressure on GAVI and greatly increase political and financial engagement by low-income countries should also be considered. PMID:21664678

  18. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

    E-print Network

    : US Department of Health and Human Services; 2008. Use of trade names is for identification onlyU.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Inspection Manual U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban

  19. Development of deciduous and permanent dentitions in the upper jaw of the house shrew (Suncus murinus).

    PubMed

    Yamanaka, Atsushi; Yasui, Kinya; Sonomura, Takahiro; Iwai, Haruki; Uemura, Masanori

    2010-04-01

    The diphyodont tooth replacement in mammals is characterized by a single replacement of a deciduous dentition by a permanent dentition. Despite its significance in mammalian biology and paleontology, little is known about the developmental mechanisms regulating the diphyodont replacement. Because the mouse never replaces its teeth, this study used the house shrew, Suncus murinus, as a model to investigate the control of the diphyodont replacement of a deciduous dentition by successions and additions of permanent teeth. Using morphological and gene expression analyses of serial sections, we have demonstrated the development of the upper dentition of the house shrew. In this species, the deciduous tooth germs are formed but soon become vestigial, whereas the successional and accessional (molar) germs are subsequently formed and developed. There are distinct Shh expression domains in the deciduous, successional, and accessional tooth germs, and those of the latter two germs are identified from the appearance of their primary enamel knots. The developmental sequence of tooth germs in the house shrew indicates that two adjacent primary enamel knots of the successional and accessional germs do not develop simultaneously, but with a constant time lag. We suggest that this mode of tooth succession and accession can be explained by a sequential inhibitory cascade model in which the timing of initiation and the spacing of tooth development are determined by the inhibition from the primary enamel knots of developmentally preceding adjacent tooth germs. PMID:20303065

  20. Early focus development effort, ultrasonic inspection of fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hartmann, John K.; Hoskins, Brad R.; Karner, Paul

    1991-01-01

    An ultrasonic technique was developed for the fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline that will support the Flight 15 time frame and subsequent motors. The technique has the capability to detect a 1.0 inch diameter unbond with a 90 percent probability of detection (POD) at a 95 percent confidence level. The technique and support equipment will perform within the working envelope dictated by a stacked motor configuration.

  1. Design and development of an automatic small-scale house for teaching domotics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Felipe Mateos; Víctor M. González; Reyes Poo; Marta García; Rosana Olaiz

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents the design and development characteristics of an automatic small-scale house (1:12). Several installations are controlled: seven light points, five plugs, heating in one room, technical alarms, intruder alarms, two garden irrigation areas, one blind and communications. The architecture of the centralised domotics system is based on a programmable logic controller Simatic S7-200, and on a tactile operator

  2. Quantifying eelgrass habitat loss in relation to housing development and nitrogen loading in Waquoit Bay, Massachusetts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederick T. Short; David M. Burdick

    1996-01-01

    Change analysis of eelgrass distribution in Waquoit Bay demonstrated a rapid decline of eelgrass habitat between 1987 and\\u000a 1992. Aerial photography and ground-truth assessments of eelgrass distribution in the Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research\\u000a Reserve documented progressive loss in eelgrass acreage and fragmentation of eelgrass beds that we relate to the degree of\\u000a housing development and associated nitrogen loading, largelyvia

  3. Community Development Corporations and Welfare Reform: Linkages, Roles, and Impacts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, David J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Schill, Michael H.

    This study examined the impact of welfare reform on housing owned by community development corporations (CDCs), investigating how early implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) affected the financial status of CDCs' affordable housing developments. Five types of financial impacts were…

  4. The project to design and develop an energy-related program for public housing residents: Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-12-01

    This demonstration project studied how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilities indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

  5. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  6. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

  7. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  8. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  9. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  10. Affordability of Meteorology Graduate Programs in the United States and Canada.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gilmore, Matthew S.; Toracinta, E. Richard

    1998-06-01

    The authors surveyed 55 university departments in the United States and Canada that grant doctor of philosophy and/or master of science degrees in meteorology or the atmospheric sciences. Two-thirds of university departments responded. Survey topics included graduate student income (stipends and health insurance benefits) and mandatory costs (tuition, fees, and health insurance costs) incurred for fall 1996.Results show that most graduate students do have funding but only one-quarter of departments indicate that health insurance benefits are provided to graduate assistants. The largest mandatory cost is typically housing, which was estimated (except for Canadian schools) with 1996 Fair Market Rent data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. For schools not providing it, the second largest cost is typically health insurance. The smallest costs are typically tuition (waived for graduate assistants in most cases) and fees.The difference between income and mandatory costs over a nine-month period gives an "effective income." Evidence was found associating greater effective income with larger departments and with locations where housing costs are larger. No significant evidence was found to associate differences in effective income with city size or geographic region. The broad range in effective income between the departments suggests that some graduate programs may be much more affordable than others.This information can aid university departments in planning budgets that keep them competitive with one another. This paper will also help prospective graduate students by raising awareness about important issues of graduate program affordability.

  11. Seasonal variability in environmental tobacco smoke exposure in public housing developments.

    PubMed

    Arku, R E; Adamkiewicz, G; Vallarino, J; Spengler, J D; Levy, D E

    2015-02-01

    The risk of tobacco smoking and second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure combined are the leading contributors to disease burden in high-income countries. Recent studies and policies are focusing on reducing exposure to SHS in multiunit housing (MUH), especially public housing. We examined seasonal patterns of SHS levels within indoor common areas located on Boston Housing Authority (BHA) properties. We measured weekly integrated and continuous fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and passive airborne nicotine in six buildings of varying building and occupant characteristics in summer 2012 and winter 2013. The average weekly indoor PM2.5 concentration across all six developments was 9.2 ?g/m3, higher during winter monitoring period (10.3 ?g/m3) compared with summer (8.0 ?g/m3). Airborne nicotine concentrations ranged from no detection to about 5000 ng/m3 (mean 311 ng/m3). Nicotine levels were significantly higher in the winter compared with summer (620 vs. 85 ng/m3; 95% CI: 72-998). Smoking-related exposures within Boston public housing vary by season, building types, and resident smoking policy. Our results represent exposure disparities that may contribute to health disparities in low-income communities and highlight the potential importance of efforts to mitigate SHS exposures during winter when outdoor-indoor exchange rates are low and smokers may tend to stay indoors. Our findings support the use of smoke-free policy as an effective tool to eliminate SHS exposure and protect non-smokers, especially residents of MUH. PMID:24750252

  12. 24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (a) General characteristics. Based on data available to the State, the...returning from mental and physical health institutions receive appropriate supportive housing. (d) Barriers to affordable housing. The...

  13. Road development, housing growth, and landscape fragmentation in northern Wisconsin: 1937-1999.

    PubMed

    Hawbaker, Todd J; Radeloff, Volker C; Clayton, Murray K; Hammer, Roger B; Gonzalez-Abraham, Charlotte E

    2006-06-01

    Roads remove habitat, alter adjacent areas, and interrupt and redirect ecological flows. They subdivide wildlife populations, foster invasive species spread, change the hydrologic network, and increase human use of adjacent areas. At broad scales, these impacts cumulate and define landscape patterns. The goal of this study was to improve our understanding of the dynamics of road networks over time, and their effects on landscape patterns, and identify significant relationships between road changes and other land-use changes. We mapped roads from aerial photographs from five dates between 1937 and 1999 in 17 townships in predominantly forested landscapes in northern Wisconsin, U.S.A. Patch-level landscape metrics were calculated on terrestrial area outside of a 15-m road-effect zone. We used generalized least-squares regression models to relate changes in road density and landscape pattern to concurrent changes in housing density. Rates of change and relationships were compared among three ecological regions. Our results showed substantial increases in both road density and landscape fragmentation during the study period. Road density more than doubled, and median, mean, and largest patch size were reduced by a factor of four, while patch shape became more regular. Increases in road density varied significantly among ecological subsections and were positively related to increases in housing density. Fragmentation was largely driven by increases in road density, but housing density had a significantly positive relationship with largest patch area and patch shape. Without protection of roadless areas, our results suggest road development is likely to continue in the future, even in areas where road construction is constrained by the physical environment. Recognizing the dynamic nature of road networks is important for understanding and predicting their ecological impacts over time and understanding where other types of development are likely to occur in the future. Historical perspectives of development can provide guidance in prioritizing management efforts to defragment landscapes and mitigate the ecological impacts of past road development. PMID:16827014

  14. Towards Worldwide Literacy: Technological Affordances, Economic Challenges, Affordable Technology

    E-print Network

    Mostow, Jack

    Towards Worldwide Literacy: Technological Affordances, Economic Challenges, Affordable Technology Literacy Survey reports that "... while countries differ in the literacy attainment of their adult populations, none does so well that it can be said that it has no literacy problem" (Human Resources

  15. Affordable In-Space Transportation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curtis, L. A.; VanDyke, M. K.; Lajoie, R. M.; Woodcock, G. R.

    1996-01-01

    Current and proposed launch systems will provide access to low-Earth orbit (LEO), and destinations beyond LEO, but the cost of delivering payloads will preclude the use of these services by many users. To develop and encourage revolutionary commercial utilization of geosynchronous orbit (GEO) and to provide an affordable means to continue NASA space science and exploration missions, the transportation costs to in-space destinations must be reduced. The principal objective of this study was to conceptually define three to four promising approaches to in-space transportation for delivery of satellites and other payloads, 3,000- to 10,000-lb class, to GEO destinations. This study established a methodology for evaluating in-space transportation systems based on life-cycle cost. The reusable concepts seemed to fare better in the evaluation than expendable, since a major driver in the life-cycle cost was the stage production cost.

  16. Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss.

    PubMed

    Syphard, Alexandra D; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E

    2013-01-01

    Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction. PMID:23977120

  17. Affordable inactivated poliovirus vaccine: strategies and progress.

    PubMed

    Okayasu, Hiromasa; Sutter, Roland W; Jafari, Hamid S; Takane, Marina; Aylward, R Bruce

    2014-11-01

    After polio eradication is achieved, the use of live-attenuated oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) must be discontinued because of the inherent risk of the Sabin strains to revert to neurovirulence and reacquire greater transmissibility that could potentially result in the reestablishment of polio transmission. In 2008, the World Health Assembly mandated that the World Health Organization establish a strategy for developing more-affordable inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) options for low-income countries. In 2012, the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on Immunization recommended universal IPV introduction as a risk-mitigation strategy before the phased cessation of OPV (starting with Sabin type 2) and emphasized the need for affordable IPV options. In 2013, SAGE reiterated the importance of attaining the long-term target price of IPV at approximately $0.5 per immunizing dose and encouraged accelerated efforts to develop lower-cost IPV options. This article outlines the 4-pronged approach that is being pursued to develop affordable options and provides an update on the current status and plans to make IPV affordable for developing-country use. PMID:25316868

  18. Affordances of Instrumentation in General Chemistry Laboratories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Kristin Mary Daniels

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to find out what students in the first chemistry course at the undergraduate level (general chemistry for science majors) know about the affordances of instrumentation used in the general chemistry laboratory and how their knowledge develops over time. Overall, students see the PASCO(TM) system as a useful and accurate…

  19. Development of design & technology package for cost effective housing in Gujrat

    E-print Network

    Chaudhry, Rajive

    1996-01-01

    Purpose: Improve quality of life in rural areas through intervention of infrastructure and housing improvement. Provide methods of building better and cost-effective houses at a quicker pace. Devise strategies of withdrawing ...

  20. Passive solar in the city : an energy conscious design for subsidized multi-family housing development

    E-print Network

    Duncan, Karen M

    1981-01-01

    Until now, passive solar energy has been overlooked as a viable alternative for home heating in urban subsidized housing. Rather ironically, in housing whose residents could most benefit from the use of solar energy, such ...

  1. Rationalizing urban land utilization : guidelines for housing developments in greater Khartoum, Sudan

    E-print Network

    Hamid, Gamal Mahmoud

    1986-01-01

    The housing crisis in Greater Khartoum manifests itself in a very high demand for housing and a deficient supply mechanism. This unsatisfied demand is reflected in high rents and land prices, high occupancy rates, and ...

  2. 24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

  3. 24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

  4. 24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

  5. 24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

  6. 24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). 266.100 Section...HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED...AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100...

  7. HOUSING IN YOUR TOWN, WHAT CAN YOU DO ABOUT IT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CROSBY, ALEXANDER L.

    THE ROLE OF THE UNION MEMBER IN REGARD TO HOUSING PROBLEMS WAS PRESENTED. DESPITE THE CLAIMS OF EXPERTS, AN INDIVIDUAL CANNOT AFFORD A HOUSE COSTING THREE TIMES HIS ANNUAL INCOME, THERE IS NO PLACE IN THE COUNTRY WHERE HE CAN BUY A NEW, STANDARD HOUSE WITH THREE BEDROOMS FOR $7,680. THEREFORE, BECAUSE NEW HOUSES ARE SO EXPENSIVE, MOST PEOPLE LIVE…

  8. Housing of the Rural Elderly. Rural Development Research Report Number 42.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Gail D.

    Based on the 1979 Annual Housing Survey, the elderly--especially the rural elderly--are more likely than other groups to live in inadequate housing. Housing was defined as inadequate if it had one or more of the following flaws: incomplete plumbing facilities, incomplete kitchen facilities, leaking roof, holes in walls or ceilings, and exposed…

  9. 24 CFR 982.619 - Cooperative housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Cooperative §...

  10. Project to design and develop an energy-related program: For public housing residents and renters: Volume 1, Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-05-01

    This demonstration project was undertaken as a result of an unsolicited proposal submitted by THE ASSIGNMENT GROUP (TAG) to the Office of Minority Economic Impact, Department of Energy (DOE). The problem to which the proposal responded was how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The size and gravity of the problem necessitated a purpose or aim that had nationwide application, yet lent itself to a microscopic look. Consequently, the goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilitates indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

  11. Balancing act: approaches to healthy eating and physical activity among Boston public housing residents.

    PubMed

    Scammell, Madeleine Kangsen; Torres, Shioban; Wayman, Julie; Greenwood, Nechama; Thomas, Gerry; Kozlowski, Lauren; Bowen, Deborah

    2015-01-01

    Boston public housing residents are more likely to report fair or poor health status, been diagnosed with obesity, and to be physically inactive compared with other Boston residents (Digenis-Bury, Brooks, Chen, Ostrem, & Horsburgh, 2008 ). Little is known about perceptions of and opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity in this population. We conducted eight focus groups at public housing developments to explore residents' views regarding opportunities and barriers to healthy eating and physical activity. Sixty-seven English- and Spanish-speaking residents participated. Transcripts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. All residents described the challenge of balancing considerations of food quality, access, and affordability. Other findings included underutilized nutritional resources; abundant availability of unhealthy food; and economic and structural barriers to exercise. Transportation-related challenges were a dominant theme. Building opportunities for physical activity and providing access to affordable and quality food choices may be important interventions for promoting health among public housing residents. PMID:25898218

  12. A development and integration analysis of commercial and in-house control subsystems

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, D.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Dalesio, L.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1998-12-31

    The acquisition and integration of commercial automation and control subsystems in physics research is becoming more common. It is presumed these systems present lower risk and less cost. This paper studies four subsystems used in the Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) resonance-control cooling subsystem (RCCS), the high-power RF subsystem and the RFQ vacuum subsystem were outsourced; the low-level RF (LLRF) subsystem was developed in-house. Based on the authors experience a careful evaluation of the costs and risks in acquisition, implementation, integration, and maintenance associated with these approaches is given.

  13. Progress in the development of specific immunotherapies for house dust mite allergies.

    PubMed

    Moingeon, Philippe

    2014-12-01

    Allergen-specific immunotherapy is used to treat patients exposed and co-sensitized to the two common house dust mites, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae. Based on seroepidemiological studies and a detailed characterization of mite allergens, an optimal immunotherapeutic product should associate extracts from the two Dermatophagoides species, and include both bodies and fecal particles. Both subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapies performed with aqueous mite extracts are safe and efficacious in children and adults with mite-induced rhinitis and/or asthma. Double-blind placebo-controlled studies are conducted to further document the efficacy of immunotherapeutic products, with promising results that were obtained already with sublingual tablets. Current developments of second-generation products relying upon recombinant allergens and peptides are reviewed. PMID:25187166

  14. Bringing Researchers and Community Developers Together to Revitalize a Public Housing Project and Improve Health

    PubMed Central

    LeWinn, Kaja Z.; Hutson, Malo A.; Dare, Ramie; Falk, Janet

    2014-01-01

    Billions of dollars are invested annually to improve low-income neighborhoods, the health impacts of which are rarely studied prospectively. University of California researchers and Mercy Housing/The Related Companies formed a “Learning Community” with the dual goals of examining the health impacts of a large-scale San Francisco redevelopment project and informing the development team of best public health practices. Early experiences highlight challenges and opportunities, including differences in stakeholders, incentives, and funding, the strengths of local partnerships, and fresh insights from new analytic tools and perspectives. Research suggests interventions that ameliorate upstream causes of poor health would save health care dollars, but policy makers must incentivize collaboration in order to spread a Learning Community model. PMID:22068398

  15. Pathophysiological Features of Asthma Develop in Parallel in House Dust Mite–Exposed Neonatal Mice

    PubMed Central

    Saglani, Sejal; Mathie, Sara A.; Gregory, Lisa G.; Bell, Matthew J.; Bush, Andrew; Lloyd, Clare M.

    2012-01-01

    Asthma frequently commences in early life during airway and immune development and exposure to new environmental challenges. Endobronchial biopsies from children with asthma are abnormal, and lung function is maximally reduced by 6 years of age. As longitudinal biopsy studies are unethical in children, the relationship between development of pathology and reduced lung function is unknown. We aimed to establish a novel neonatal mouse model of allergic airways disease to investigate the developmental sequence of the pathophysiologic features of asthma. Neonatal Balb/c mice were challenged three times weekly from Day 3 of life using intranasal house dust mite (HDM) or saline for up to 12 weeks. Weekly assessments of airway inflammation and remodeling were made. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine was assessed from Week 2 onward. Total and eosinophilic inflammation was significantly increased in the lungs of HDM-exposed neonates from Week 2 onwards, and a peak was seen at 3 weeks. Goblet cells and peribronchiolar reticulin deposition were significantly increased in HDM-exposed neonates from Week 3, and peribronchiolar collagen was significantly greater from Week 4. HDM-exposed neonates had increased AHR from Week 2 onward. Although inflammation and AHR had subsided after 4 weeks without allergen challenge, the increased reticulin and collagen deposition persisted in HDM-exposed mice. Neonatal mice exposed to intranasal HDM developed eosinophilic inflammation, airway remodeling, and AHR as reported in pediatric asthma. Importantly, all abnormalities developed in parallel, not sequentially, between 2 and 3 weeks of age. PMID:19151316

  16. 24 CFR 982.606 - Congregate housing: Who may reside in congregate housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Congregate...

  17. 24 CFR 982.608 - Congregate housing: Voucher housing assistance payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Congregate...

  18. Impacts of short-term food restriction on immune development in altricial house sparrow nestlings *.

    PubMed

    Killpack, Tess L; Carrel, Elijah; Karasov, William H

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Food limitation is a common ecological scenario for nestling altricial birds, and reductions in growth and maintenance have been observed in resource-limited nestlings. Substantial development of the immune system occurs during the nestling period, yet the resource dependence of this immune development is understudied. We examined constitutive immune system development as well as acute-phase responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection after 48 h of food restriction in house sparrows at 7 and 13 d posthatch. We also examined nestlings that were restricted early (5-7 d) but refed and tested at 13 d posthatch to determine whether altered immune function and growth early in the nestling period were recovered upon return to adequate resource supply. Induced acute-phase protein response was reduced in food-restricted birds, yet no lasting reductions in acute-phase protein levels were observed in previously restricted nestlings that were challenged with LPS after refeeding. Food restriction did not significantly impact constitutive levels of complement-mediated lysis or circulating IgY antibodies. As a comparator to immune measures, we found that organ and tarsus size, as well as muscle size and citrate synthase enzyme activity (an index of muscle cellular aerobic capacity), were significantly reduced in food-restricted nestlings. Reductions in flight muscle mass and function persisted in birds refed after early food restriction, which may have contributed to persistent body temperature reductions observed in refed birds. PMID:25730274

  19. Analysis of Housing Partnerships Using the Balanced Scorecard Framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhayda L Garzon

    2011-01-01

    Housing Partnerships (HPs) are collaborative arrangements that assist communities in the delivery of affordable housing by combining the strengths of the public and private sectors. They emerged in several states, counties, and cities in the eighties as innovative solutions to the challenges in affordable housing resulting from changing dynamics of delivery and production.\\u000aMy study examines HPs with particular emphasis

  20. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT WASHINGTON. DC 204W-2(10(

    E-print Network

    Latiolais, M. Paul

    Expires: Effective until Amended, Superseded, or Rescinded Subject: Service Animals and Assistance Animals and Local Government Services, Final Rule, 75 Fed. Reg. 56164 (Sept. 15, 2010) (codified at 28 C.F.R. part agencies and state and local government provided housing, including housing at state universities and other

  1. Funding Opportunities for Social Work Doctoral Students through the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grinstein-Weiss, Michal

    2006-01-01

    This article introduces the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) as a potential funding source for social work doctoral students. HUD's two doctoral research grant programs (i.e., the Early Doctoral Students Research Grant and the Doctoral Dissertation Research Grant) are nontraditional, largely untapped funding sources for social…

  2. Homelessness as one component of housing instability and its impact on the development of children in poverty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cathryne L. Schmitz; Janet D. Wagner; Edna M. Menke

    1995-01-01

    The number of families with children living in poverty and experiencing housing instability and homelessness has increased dramatically over the last two decades. Current public policy decisions will lead to further increases. Understanding the impact of this instability on the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive development of children is imperative. Few studies critically examine the effects of instability on both domiciled

  3. NOTE: An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

    2010-02-01

    The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy-1 can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min-1) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37° C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding ±30° C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations.

  4. Esperanza Community Housing Corporation: Providing HOPE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maritza Agundez

    2004-01-01

    Esperanza Community Housing Corporation is a non profit organization that works on building communities, specifically around the Hover\\/Adams area of central Los Angeles. They do this by providing the community with not only affordable housing but also health services and business opportunities. During my internship I became part of the organization. I worked on reducing the cost of maintaining the

  5. Falmer Sports Falmer House

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    Slope 5 Kent House 8 Kulukundis House 9 Lancaster House 7 Lewes Court 2 Business, Management History and Philosophy F Fulton 30 Genome Centre 48 Hastings 34 Health Centre 6 Institute of Development Institute 22 Thermo-Fluid Mechanics Research Centre (TFMRC) 40 Trafford Centre 38 Visitors' car park VP

  6. An affordable open-source turbidimeter.

    PubMed

    Kelley, Christopher D; Krolick, Alexander; Brunner, Logan; Burklund, Alison; Kahn, Daniel; Ball, William P; Weber-Shirk, Monroe

    2014-01-01

    Turbidity is an internationally recognized criterion for assessing drinking water quality, because the colloidal particles in turbid water may harbor pathogens, chemically reduce oxidizing disinfectants, and hinder attempts to disinfect water with ultraviolet radiation. A turbidimeter is an electronic/optical instrument that assesses turbidity by measuring the scattering of light passing through a water sample containing such colloidal particles. Commercial turbidimeters cost hundreds or thousands of dollars, putting them beyond the reach of low-resource communities around the world. An affordable open-source turbidimeter based on a single light-to-frequency sensor was designed and constructed, and evaluated against a portable commercial turbidimeter. The final product, which builds on extensive published research, is intended to catalyze further developments in affordable water and sanitation monitoring. PMID:24759114

  7. An Affordable Open-Source Turbidimeter

    PubMed Central

    Kelley, Christopher D.; Krolick, Alexander; Brunner, Logan; Burklund, Alison; Kahn, Daniel; Ball, William P.; Weber-Shirk, Monroe

    2014-01-01

    Turbidity is an internationally recognized criterion for assessing drinking water quality, because the colloidal particles in turbid water may harbor pathogens, chemically reduce oxidizing disinfectants, and hinder attempts to disinfect water with ultraviolet radiation. A turbidimeter is an electronic/optical instrument that assesses turbidity by measuring the scattering of light passing through a water sample containing such colloidal particles. Commercial turbidimeters cost hundreds or thousands of dollars, putting them beyond the reach of low-resource communities around the world. An affordable open-source turbidimeter based on a single light-to-frequency sensor was designed and constructed, and evaluated against a portable commercial turbidimeter. The final product, which builds on extensive published research, is intended to catalyze further developments in affordable water and sanitation monitoring. PMID:24759114

  8. Neonatal Exposure to Pneumococcal Phosphorylcholine Modulates the Development of House Dust Mite Allergy during Adult Life.

    PubMed

    Patel, Preeyam S; Kearney, John F

    2015-06-15

    Currently, ?20% of the global population suffers from an allergic disorder. Allergies and asthma occur at higher rates in developed and industrialized countries. It is clear that many human atopic diseases are initiated neonatally and herald more severe IgE-mediated disorders, including allergic asthma, which is driven by the priming of Th2 effector T cells. The hygiene hypothesis attempts to link the increased excessively sanitary conditions early in life to a default Th2 response and increasing allergic phenomena. Despite the substantial involvement of IgE Abs in such conditions, little attention has been paid to the effects of early microbial exposure on the B cell repertoire prior to the initiation of these diseases. In this study, we use Ab-binding assays to demonstrate that Streptococcus pneumoniae and house dust mite (HDM) bear similar phosphorylcholine (PC) epitopes. Neonatal C57BL/6 mice immunized with a PC-bearing pneumococcal vaccine expressed increased frequencies of PC-specific B cells in the lungs following sensitizing exposure to HDM as adults. Anti-PC IgM Abs in the lung decreased the interaction of HDM with pulmonary APCs and were affiliated with lowered allergy-associated cell infiltration into the lung, IgE production, development of airway hyperresponsiveness, and Th2 T cell priming. Thus, exposure of neonatal mice to PC-bearing pneumococci significantly reduced the development of HDM-induced allergic disease during adult life. Our findings demonstrate that B cells generated against conserved epitopes expressed by bacteria, encountered early in life, are also protective against the development of allergic disease during adult life. PMID:25957171

  9. 24 CFR 906.24 - Protections available to non-purchasing residents of housing other than public housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.24 Protections...residents of housing other than public housing. Residents...

  10. 24 CFR 906.24 - Protections available to non-purchasing residents of housing other than public housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.24 Protections...residents of housing other than public housing. Residents...

  11. 24 CFR 906.24 - Protections available to non-purchasing residents of housing other than public housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.24 Protections...residents of housing other than public housing. Residents...

  12. 24 CFR 906.24 - Protections available to non-purchasing residents of housing other than public housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.24 Protections...residents of housing other than public housing. Residents...

  13. 24 CFR 906.24 - Protections available to non-purchasing residents of housing other than public housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.24 Protections...residents of housing other than public housing. Residents...

  14. Low Impact, Affordable, Low Income Houses for Mexico 

    E-print Network

    Alcocer, J. L. B.; Haberl, J. S.

    2010-01-01

    , CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Geografia (INEGI). (2008a). II Conteo de Poblacion y Vivienda 2005. Mexico y sus Municipios. productos...). (2008c). Perfil Sociodemografico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. productos/censos/conteo/2005/perfiles/Pe rfil_Soc_EUMX1.pdf> (30 September 2009) Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y...

  15. Energy-Efficient Affordable Housing: The Wakeland Research Project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Mount

    This research project is part of the Local Government Partnership program between the City of Chula Vista and the San Diego Gas & Electric Company. The program works to promote energy efficiency in municipal facilities and operations and the community's residential and business sectors. The program was funded by the California utility ratepayers and administered by the San Diego Gas

  16. Development and analysis of a sustainable, low energy house in a hot and humid climate 

    E-print Network

    Chulsukon, Pattarayut

    2002-01-01

    This study examines the lifetime building energy consumption of a typical house in Bangkok, Thailand. The lifetime building energy consumption is composed of three major components: 1) the energy used during building construction (embodied energy...

  17. An examination of electricity consumption patterns in manufactured housing units

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bev Wilson

    2012-01-01

    For several decades, manufactured housing has been a crucial source of affordable housing, particularly for rural areas. However, electricity consumption per unit area and per capita are substantially higher for manufactured housing units relative to site built, single-family detached units. This article uses data from the federal Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) to examine patterns of electricity consumption in manufactured

  18. Task Constraints on Affordance Boundaries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stacy M. Lopresti-Goodman; Michael J. Richardson; Reuben M. Baron; Claudia Carello; Kerry L. Marsh

    Abstract The actualization of a simple affordance task—grasping and moving,wooden,planks of different sizes using either one or two hands—was,assessed inthe context of task-relevant (plank sequence, plank presentation speed) and task-irrelevant (cognitive load)

  19. Affordable Care Act and Women

    MedlinePLUS

    ... access to quality, affordable health coverage. Background on Women’s Health in America Women have unique, and sometimes costly, ... gov/health/reports/2011/individualmarket/ib.shtml . 6 Women’s Health Insurance Coverage Factsheet. http://kaiserfamilyfoundation.files.wordpress.com/ ...

  20. Electric propulsion -- Fleet readiness at affordable costs

    SciTech Connect

    Orndorff, C.M.; Egan, C.J. [Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI (United States)

    1996-11-01

    The successful development and demonstration of the Al-AgO primary battery system dramatically demonstrated the viability of electric power plants for torpedo propulsion. Present efforts are focused on the development and demonstration of very low cost, quiet, high performance, safe, environmentally compatible, rechargeable batteries for heavyweight and lightweight torpedoes and tactical-sized UUVs. Electric power plants consisting of a rechargeable battery and a high reliability motor must be affordable to own and operate and enable turn around without teardown for today`s Fleet assets.

  1. 24 CFR 884.106 - Housing assistance payments to owners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 884.106 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

  2. 24 CFR 982.607 - Congregate housing: Lease and HAP contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Congregate Housing § 982.607 Congregate housing: Lease and HAP...

  3. Optics learning through affordable kit

    SciTech Connect

    P, Anusha N, E-mail: anushnp@gmail.com, E-mail: chitrashaji@gmail.com, E-mail: aloksharan@gmail.com; Shaji, Chitra, E-mail: anushnp@gmail.com, E-mail: chitrashaji@gmail.com, E-mail: aloksharan@gmail.com; Sharan, Alok, E-mail: anushnp@gmail.com, E-mail: chitrashaji@gmail.com, E-mail: aloksharan@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Pondicherry University, Puducherry-605014 (India)

    2014-10-15

    An affordable kit which helps to understand some of the optical phenomena qualitatively and quantitatively is presented in this paper. It supplements optics taught in classes. The kit consists of equipments which are available in the market at nominal cost such as laser pointer, lenses, glass plates, razor blades, coins, ball bearing etc. Experiments which come under wave optics (interference and diffraction) and ray optics (reflection and refraction) are explained using this kit.

  4. Technologies for affordable access to space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colladay, R. S.; Sadin, S. R.

    1986-01-01

    NASA plans for advanced research and technology programs aimed at reducing operating costs and extending the capability of future space systems are described. The evolution of an almost entirely space-based mode is discussed, including the role of earth launch, servicing, fabrication and assembly and communications. The development of technology for affordable access to space is examined, taking into account progress in the areas of telerobotics, machine autonomy, human autonomy, space-based manufacturing and construction, electric power, and space-based propulsion.

  5. Preventive Care for Children (Affordable Care Act)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Myspace Close Text Size: A A A Preventive Care for Children Many insurers are now required to ... Services Task Force Recommendations . Fact Sheet: The Affordable Care Act and Immunization Fact Sheet: The Affordable Care ...

  6. DEVELOPMENT OF VOCALISATIONS IN NESTLING AND FLEDGLING HOUSE WRENS IN NATURAL POPULATIONS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MALA H. SAWHNEY; MYRON C. BAKER; BRADLEY R. BISBEE

    2006-01-01

    We conducted a field study of the ontogeny of vocal signals in the house wren Troglodytes aedon during the nestling and fledgling phases of life. We did spectrographic analyses and quantification of the developmental changes that occurred in the acoustic features of the vocalisations. Evidence of progress to adult-like vocal patterns was of two types. First, nestling calls changed into

  7. 24 CFR 982.621 - Manufactured home: Housing quality standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Manufactured Home...

  8. Affordances as a Framework for Robot Control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maya Cakmak; Mehmet R. Doůgar

    2007-01-01

    The concept of affordances, with its empha- sis on the interaction between the organism and the environment, is highly relevant for robotics. In this paper, we present a new formalization of affordances that provides a framework for ro- bot control, learning and planning. We argue that affordances, as relations within the robot- environment system, can be learned by the ro-

  9. Affordable Assisted Living: Surveying the Possibilities

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schuetz, Jenny.

    2003-01-01

    Written by Jenny Schuetz for Harvard University's Working Paper series and as part of the Joint Center for Housing Studies, this 112-page work explores the future of assisted living developments throughout the United States. For those unfamiliar with the notion of assisted living, these facilities offer a "combination of housing, supportive services, and personal care that enables frail seniors to maintain maximum independence while receiving the assistance they need." As Schuetz points out, there are more senior citizens who are seeking to maintain their independence, and that in recent years, a private market has developed to address these demands. Throughout her highly cogent work, Schuetz examines the private market developments in this sector, as well as the possibility of providing similar facilities to middle and lower income seniors.

  10. Increasing the Supply of Quality, Accessible, Affordable Child Care: An Economic Development Strategy for the North Central Region. NCRCRD Policy Briefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Traill, Saskia; Brown, Brentt

    2005-01-01

    The child care industry has not been fully integrated into economic development activities despite its growing importance in the economy. This is, in large part, because child care is not usually thought of as an element of economic development. As a result, states in the North Central region are not maximizing the economic benefits from quality,…

  11. Housing markets : Mexico

    E-print Network

    Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

    2009-01-01

    What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

  12. Houses for Dorchester

    E-print Network

    Chalmers, Thomas C. (Thomas Clark)

    1987-01-01

    The intent of this thesis is to develop a design for thirty units of housing responding to the development objectives of the Nuestra Comunidad Development Corporation (NCDC) in the Upham Corner district of Dorchester. It ...

  13. Energy and water development appropriations for 1994. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, Part 4

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    The hearing of the House subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations addressed the Energy and Water Development appropriations for the Department of Energy (DOE) in 1994. The document contains the Congressional Budget request of DOE for Atomic Energy Defense Activities.

  14. The 880 Square Foot House: A small residential design that transforms to accommodate multiple household types

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adrianne Wimberley Kautz

    2011-01-01

    There exist a multitude of problems within the United States housing market. First is a lack of affordability. Forty-two percent of Americans cannot afford to purchase a home (Savage, 2009). Many households devote more than 50% of their income to paying for housing (Quigley & Raphael, 2004). Also, families with lower incomes will pay a higher rate of interest to

  15. URBox : High tech energy and informal housing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y. J. Cuperus; D. Smets

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on the URBox concept encompassing the high tech end of solar energy and informal low cost and affordable housing. It aims to contribute to solving the global energy crisis by building solar energy settlements in deserts where land is affordable and sunshine in abundance.\\u000aFirst the award winning Solar City 2050 is described and already existing technology

  16. Development of sputter coatings for the gravity probe B gyroscope housings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zhou, P.; Cheung, S.; Lydic, T.; Turneaure, J. P.

    1988-01-01

    Cu/Ti coatings have been applied by sputter deposition to fused quartz housings to serve as the electrodes and lands of electrostatically supported gyroscopes. Niobium-coated fused quartz gyro rotors have been successfully suspended and spun up in those housings. The Cu/Ti bilayer coating and alternative multilayer coatings (Cu/Mo, Mo/Cu/Ti and Mo/Cu/Mo) with 2-micron thickness produced by sputter deposition on flat, fused quartz substrates have been examined with scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and four-point resistivity measurement techniques. The multilayer coatings with a molybdenum bonding layer appear to produce smoother surfaces than those with a titanium bonding layer. All multilayer coatings survived thermal cycling to 77 K without adhesion failure.

  17. US Housing Market Conditions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The US Department of Housing and Urban Development has made available the full text of this periodical publication. US Housing Market Conditions is a quarterly publication that contains national and regional housing information, as well as historical data tables. Issues from the 1st two quarters of 1997 are available in HTML format, while previous issues are available in text and .pdf formats. Older tables are available in .pdf format only.

  18. Final Report for the Energy Efficient and Affordable Small Commercial and Residential Buildings Research Program -- Project 6.6 - Development of the Assessment Framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael CW Kintner-Meyer; Dave M. Anderson; Donna J. Hostick

    2003-01-01

    This report presents a methodology for assessing the impacts of potential products related to the buildings end-use energy efficiency program area that may results from projects performed as part of the California Energy Commissions (CECs) Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program. The methodology developed and described in this report applies strictly to new products designed for use in commercial buildings

  19. Limited analytical capacity for cyanotoxins in developing countries may hide serious environmental health problems: simple and affordable methods may be the answer.

    PubMed

    Pírez, Macarena; Gonzalez-Sapienza, Gualberto; Sienra, Daniel; Ferrari, Graciela; Last, Michael; Last, Jerold A; Brena, Beatriz M

    2013-01-15

    In recent years, the international demand for commodities has prompted enormous growth in agriculture in most South American countries. Due to intensive use of fertilizers, cyanobacterial blooms have become a recurrent phenomenon throughout the continent, but their potential health risk remains largely unknown due to the lack of analytical capacity. In this paper we report the main results and conclusions of more than five years of systematic monitoring of cyanobacterial blooms in 20 beaches of Montevideo, Uruguay, on the Rio de la Plata, the fifth largest basin in the world. A locally developed microcystin ELISA was used to establish a sustainable monitoring program that revealed seasonal peaks of extremely high toxicity, more than one-thousand-fold greater than the WHO limit for recreational water. Comparison with cyanobacterial cell counts and chlorophyll-a determination, two commonly used parameters for indirect estimation of toxicity, showed that such indicators can be highly misleading. On the other hand, the accumulated experience led to the definition of a simple criterion for visual classification of blooms, that can be used by trained lifeguards and technicians to take rapid on-site decisions on beach management. The simple and low cost approach is broadly applicable to risk assessment and risk management in developing countries. PMID:23220602

  20. Design and development of an affordable haptic robot with force-feedback and compliant actuation to improve therapy for patients with severe hemiparesis.

    PubMed

    Theriault, Andrew; Nagurka, Mark; Johnson, Michelle J

    2014-01-01

    The study describes the design and development of a single degree-of-freedom haptic robot, Haptic Theradrive, for post-stroke arm rehabilitation for in-home and clinical use. The robot overcomes many of the weaknesses of its predecessor, the TheraDrive system, that used a Logitech steering wheel as the haptic interface for rehabilitation. Although the original TheraDrive system showed success in a pilot study, its wheel was not able to withstand the rigors of use. A new haptic robot was developed that functions as a drop-in replacement for the Logitech wheel. The new robot can apply larger forces in interacting with the patient, thereby extending the functionality of the system to accommodate low-functioning patients. A new software suite offers appreciably more options for tailored and tuned rehabilitation therapies. In addition to describing the design of the hardware and software, the paper presents the results of simulation and experimental case studies examining the system's performance and usability. PMID:24968380

  1. The affordable space platform - The STS external tank

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bille, Matthew A.

    Possible uses of the STS external tank (ET) to provide affordable work platforms in orbit are surveyed. It is argued that tanks could be observatories, microgravity facilities, or life sciences laboratories. ET development is found to be both practical and necessary. Obstacles to overcome include designing support equipment and developing procedures for converting the tanks.

  2. The affordable space platform - The STS external tank

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew A. Bille

    1992-01-01

    Possible uses of the STS external tank (ET) to provide affordable work platforms in orbit are surveyed. It is argued that tanks could be observatories, microgravity facilities, or life sciences laboratories. ET development is found to be both practical and necessary. Obstacles to overcome include designing support equipment and developing procedures for converting the tanks.

  3. Building America Developments, September 2000, Information Bulletin Number 1 (Revised)

    SciTech Connect

    Hendron, R.; Anderson, J.; Epstein, K.

    2001-12-01

    Building America Developments on-line newsletter highlights the Erie-Ellington Homes publicly-funded housing project in Boston, Massachusetts. A Building America and industry partnership that produced energy-efficient manufactured homes built with foam core panels is featured. Also, Habitat for Humanity dedicates two energy-efficient test houses in East Tennessee, and affordable, healthy homes are offered in metro Atlanta. Upcoming events in the Building America Program are also listed.

  4. Ireland House Scotland House

    E-print Network

    Wesley House Catholic Campus Ministry Lot 1 Lot 8 Lot 5 Lot 9Lot 6 Lot 33 Lot 11 Lot 16 Lot 28 Lot 56 Lot 37 Lot 18 Lot 47 Lot V1 Lot V2 Lot V3 Constant Center South Garage (C) Lot 19 Lot 29 Lot 58 Lot L Lot G Lot 38 Lot 10 Lot 44 Lot 49 Lot 32 Lot 43 Lot 41 Lot 35 Lot 34 43rd Street evAnatahwoP Lot 57 49th

  5. Good neighbors. A collaborative effort develops housing for the low-income elderly on Chicago's southeast side.

    PubMed

    Peregrine, M W; Lanctot, T E; Drinan, D; Kilbourne, B J

    1991-06-01

    On Chicago's southeast side, the Claretian missionaries--in collaboration with the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, members of the local community, and local business interests--will soon open Villa Guadalupe, a housing project for low-income seniors. Recent developments have combined to make the creation of low-income housing for the elderly more compelling than ever from a mission perspective and more feasible from a structuring and financing perspective. Since 1925, the Claretians have served a predominantly Hispanic population in south Chicago. The neighborhood suffered economic devastation in the 1960s with the collapse of the local steel industry. A 1985 needs assessment determined that nearly one in five elderly residents in the area lives at or near the poverty level. As a result of the assessment, the Claretians decided to develop the Villa Guadalupe project. For assistance in managing and financing the project, the Claretians drew on the resources and expertise of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, who have a history of ministering to the elderly. The project also had to overcome legal obstacles to securing property tax exemption from the state of Illinois. The project cleared another hurdle when it secured financing by issuing tax-exempt bonds secured by a letter of credit issued by a commercial bank. In addition, interest in monies from an endowment fund will make up the difference between funds Villa Guadalupe will receive through rents and the income that is required to support the project. PMID:10110913

  6. Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program: High Performance Manufactured Home Prototyping and Construction Development

    SciTech Connect

    Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

    2013-11-01

    The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, have been collaborating to conduct research on new specifications that would improve on the energy requirements of a NEEM home. In its role as administrator, NEW administers the technical specs, performs research and engineering analysis, implements ongoing construction quality management procedures, and maintains a central database with home tracking. This project prototyped and assessed the performances of cost-effective high performance building assemblies and mechanical systems that are not commonly deployed in the manufacturing setting. The package of measures is able to reduce energy used for space conditioning, water heating and lighting by 50 percent over typical manufactured homes produced in the northwest.

  7. Learning at Work: Organisational Affordances and Individual Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryson, Jane; Pajo, Karl; Ward, Robyn; Mallon, Mary

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to explore the interaction between organisational affordances for the development of individuals' capability, and the engagement of workers at various levels with those opportunities. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of a large New Zealand wine company, using in-depth interviews. Interviews were…

  8. Unsupervised learning of affordance relations on a humanoid robot

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Baris Akgun; Nilgun Dag; Tahir Bilal; Ilkay Atil; Erol Sahin

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we study how the concepts learned by a robot can be linked to verbal concepts that humans use in language. Specifically, we develop a simple tapping behaviour on the iCub humanoid robot simulator and allow the robot to interact with a set of objects of different types and sizes to learn affordance relations in its environment. The

  9. Home for now: A mixed-methods evaluation of a short-term housing support program for homeless families.

    PubMed

    Meschede, Tatjana; Chaganti, Sara

    2015-10-01

    The use of short-term rental subsidy vouchers offers a new approach to addressing the housing needs of families facing homelessness. In Massachusetts, the Family Home pilot program placed homeless families in housing instead of shelter, providing two years of rental subsidy plus support services with the goal of enabling families to maintain market rate housing. This mixed-method case study complements staff and participant interview data with participant survey and administrative data to evaluate the implementation and short-term outcomes of Family Home in one region. Data point to improved family well-being in housing but also persistent barriers to achieving longer-term housing and economic stability. Of the families who had exited the program at the end of the study, one quarter were able to retain their housing at market rate, only 9% returned to shelter, and one in five moved in with families/friends. Lack of affordable housing in a high rental cost region and jobs that pay living wages were among the major reasons that families struggled to maintain housing. This research points to the need for integrating supportive services from the program's start, including targeted workforce development, to plan for the end of the short-term rental subsidy. PMID:25989204

  10. Dopamine, affordance and active inference.

    PubMed

    Friston, Karl J; Shiner, Tamara; FitzGerald, Thomas; Galea, Joseph M; Adams, Rick; Brown, Harriet; Dolan, Raymond J; Moran, Rosalyn; Stephan, Klaas Enno; Bestmann, Sven

    2012-01-01

    The role of dopamine in behaviour and decision-making is often cast in terms of reinforcement learning and optimal decision theory. Here, we present an alternative view that frames the physiology of dopamine in terms of Bayes-optimal behaviour. In this account, dopamine controls the precision or salience of (external or internal) cues that engender action. In other words, dopamine balances bottom-up sensory information and top-down prior beliefs when making hierarchical inferences (predictions) about cues that have affordance. In this paper, we focus on the consequences of changing tonic levels of dopamine firing using simulations of cued sequential movements. Crucially, the predictions driving movements are based upon a hierarchical generative model that infers the context in which movements are made. This means that we can confuse agents by changing the context (order) in which cues are presented. These simulations provide a (Bayes-optimal) model of contextual uncertainty and set switching that can be quantified in terms of behavioural and electrophysiological responses. Furthermore, one can simulate dopaminergic lesions (by changing the precision of prediction errors) to produce pathological behaviours that are reminiscent of those seen in neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease. We use these simulations to demonstrate how a single functional role for dopamine at the synaptic level can manifest in different ways at the behavioural level. PMID:22241972

  11. 24 CFR 982.505 - Voucher tenancy: How to calculate housing assistance payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.505 Voucher tenancy: How to calculate housing...

  12. 24 CFR 982.505 - Voucher tenancy: How to calculate housing assistance payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.505 Voucher tenancy: How to calculate housing...

  13. College Affordability: Implications for College Opportunity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laura W. Perna; Chunyan Li

    2006-01-01

    By examining trends in college affordability, this article explores the extent to which the public perception that college is not affordable is justified. First, the article describes trends in national indicators that contribute to ability to pay, including income growth, health care costs, debt burden, and personal savings rates. Trends in college pricing, including tuition and fees, unmet financial need,

  14. Affordable Care Act (ACA) & College Students

    E-print Network

    Tullos, Desiree

    $ Affordable Care Act (ACA) & College Students Basic Information You Should Know 1. Your Parents Insurance Plan (SHIP) MARKETPLACE Also known as the Marketplace, this is a key feature of the ACA. Shop Insurance? The ACA Penalty Explained Starting in 2014, the Affordable Care Act mandates that most people

  15. Affordability Funding Models for Early Childhood Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purcal, Christiane; Fisher, Karen

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a model of the approaches open to government to ensure that early childhood services are affordable to families. We derived the model from a comparative literature review of affordability approaches taken by government, both in Australia and internationally. The model adds significantly to the literature by proposing a means to…

  16. 24 CFR 92.252 - Qualification as affordable housing: Rental housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...containing HOME-assisted and other units, the participating jurisdiction may designate fixed or floating HOME units. This designation must be made at the time of project commitment. Fixed units remain the same throughout the...

  17. 24 CFR 1000.145 - Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life provisions of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life...ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.145 Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful...

  18. 24 CFR 1000.144 - Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life provisions of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life...ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.144 Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful...

  19. 24 CFR 1000.145 - Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life provisions of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life...ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.145 Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful...

  20. 24 CFR 1000.144 - Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life provisions of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life...ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.144 Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful...

  1. 24 CFR 1000.144 - Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life provisions of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful life...ACTIVITIES Affordable Housing Activities § 1000.144 Are Mutual Help homes developed under the 1937 Act subject to the useful...

  2. 24 CFR 8.22 - New construction-housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 8.22 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  3. 24 CFR 8.23 - Alterations of existing housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 8.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...and usable by individuals with mobility impairments, then no...

  4. 24 CFR 8.22 - New construction-housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Section 8.22 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  5. 24 CFR 8.23 - Alterations of existing housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Section 8.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...and usable by individuals with mobility impairments, then no...

  6. 24 CFR 8.23 - Alterations of existing housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Section 8.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...and usable by individuals with mobility impairments, then no...

  7. 24 CFR 8.22 - New construction-housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Section 8.22 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  8. 24 CFR 8.23 - Alterations of existing housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Section 8.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...and usable by individuals with mobility impairments, then no...

  9. 24 CFR 8.23 - Alterations of existing housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Section 8.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...and usable by individuals with mobility impairments, then no...

  10. 24 CFR 8.22 - New construction-housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Section 8.22 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  11. 24 CFR 8.22 - New construction-housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Section 8.22 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  12. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...300 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION...sexual orientation or gender identity set forth...

  13. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...300 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION...sexual orientation or gender identity set forth...

  14. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...300 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION...sexual orientation or gender identity set forth...

  15. The Design of Housing and Shelter Programs: The Social and Environmental Determinants of Inequalities

    PubMed Central

    Howden-Chapman, Philippa; Patel, Sheela

    2007-01-01

    Both developed and less developed countries are becoming increasingly urbanized. The earlier industrialized countries have developed more infrastructure to support the building of healthy housing, in neighborhoods that are strongly linked to municipal and global health initiatives, but to some degree housing and neighborhood issues vary only in degree between the developing and developed worlds. Overall, a billion people, a third of people living in urban areas, live in slums, where environmental determinants lead to disease. Although communicable diseases predominate in the developing world and have reemerged in the developed world, noncommunicable diseases are also growing disproportionately in the developing world. At a global level, the Millennium Development Goals explicitly focus on an integrated approach to slum upgrading. The per capita cost of slum upgrading is almost twice the cost of providing new affordable housing at the outset. It is argued that to improve health and well-being in the slums we need to have interventions that reduce urban poverty in the broadest sense and improve the deficiencies associated with slums. There is an urgent need to scale up the best-practice interventions. Examples are given of successful local community initiatives that have been set up under national strategies in Tanzania and by Indian women’s collectives that are globally linked and have helped develop housing and sanitation improvements. The unit costs for such interventions are within the reach of all the key stakeholders. Global commitment is the only missing link. PMID:17387617

  16. Next-generation DNA sequencing reveals that low fungal diversity in house dust is associated with childhood asthma development

    PubMed Central

    Dannemiller, Karen C.; Mendell, Mark J.; Macher, Janet M.; Kumagai, Kazukiyo; Bradman, Asa; Holland, Nina; Harley, Kim; Eskenazi, Brenda; Peccia, Jordan

    2013-01-01

    Dampness and visible mold in homes are associated with asthma development, but causal mechanisms remain unclear. The goal of this research was to explore associations among measured dampness, fungal exposure, and childhood asthma development without the bias of culture-based microbial analysis. In the low-income, Latino CHAMACOS birth cohort, house dust was collected at age 12 months, and asthma status was determined at age 7 years. The current analysis included 13 asthma cases and 28 controls. Next-generation DNA sequencing methods quantified fungal taxa and diversity. Lower fungal diversity (number of fungal operational taxonomic units) was significantly associated with increased risk of asthma development: unadjusted odds ratio (OR) 4.80 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04–22.1). Control for potential confounders strengthened this relationship. Decreased diversity within the genus Cryptococcus was significantly associated with increased asthma risk (OR 21.0, 95% CI 2.16–204). No fungal taxon (species, genus, class) was significantly positively associated with asthma development, and one was significantly negatively associated. Elevated moisture was associated with increased fungal diversity, and moisture/mold indicators were associated with four fungal taxa. Next-generation DNA sequencing provided comprehensive estimates of fungal identity and diversity, demonstrating significant associations between low fungal diversity and childhood asthma development in this community. PMID:24883433

  17. 77 FR 37233 - Consolidated Delegation of Authority for the Office of Housing-Federal Housing Administration (FHA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-20

    ...2012 Part III Department of Housing and Urban Development...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5557-D-01...d) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Act, as...

  18. Linking public health, housing, and indoor environmental policy: successes and challenges at local and federal agencies in the United States.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, David E; Kelly, Tom; Sobolewski, John

    2007-06-01

    We describe the successes and challenges faced by federal and local government agencies in the United States as they have attempted in recent years to connect public and environmental health, housing, community development, and building design with environmental, housing, and building laws, codes, and policies. These policies can either contribute to or adversely affect human physical and mental health, with important implications for economic viability, research, policy development, and overall social stability and progress. Policy impediments include tension between housing affordability and health investment that causes inefficient cost-shifting, privacy issues, unclear statutory authority, and resulting gaps in responsibility for housing, indoor air, and the built environment. We contrast this with other environmental frameworks such as ambient air and water quality statutes where the concept of "shared commons" and the "polluter pays" is more robust. The U.S. experiences in childhood lead poisoning prevention, indoor air, and mold provide useful policy insights. Local programs can effectively build healthy homes capacity through local laws and housing codes. The experience of coordinating remediation for mold, asthma triggers, weatherization, and other healthy housing improvements in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, is highlighted. The U.S. experience shows that policymakers should adopt a prevention-oriented, comprehensive multi-disciplinary approach at all levels of government to prevent unhealthy buildings, houses, and communities. PMID:17589610

  19. 24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...necessary to determine project feasibility (including...engagement of a development team, option to acquire...with respect to the project concerned, site control...a capable development team. (3) Repayment...loan proceeds or other project income. The...

  20. 24 CFR 884.213 - Execution of housing assistance payments contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 884.213 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

  1. 24 CFR 884.108 - Term of housing assistance payments contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 884.108 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

  2. 24 CFR 884.110 - Types of housing and property standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 884.110 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

  3. Conservation and tourism development of house settlements in Moso matriarchate in Lugu Lake area

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yaoyun Xing; Zhujiu Xia; Jian Dai

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes the present situation of the settlement and the influence of tourism development and construction. It\\u000a discusses the attitude toward the conservation and development of the settlement as well as the way to maintain the production,\\u000a life, and culture of the Mosian and the way to promote the sustainable development of the settlement by tourism.

  4. Development of an ASHRAE 152-2004 Duct Model for the Single-Family Residential House 

    E-print Network

    Kim, S.; Haberl, J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the results of the development of the duct model based on ASHRAE standard 152-2004 (ASHRAE, 2004) using the DOE-2.1e building energy simulation program. To accomplish this, FUNCTION commands for DOE-2 were used to develop...

  5. Medicaid & CHIP Coverage (Affordable Care Act)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Learn how to apply for Medicaid coverage . Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) In all states, CHIP provides low- ... that people without health coverage must pay . × Footer Health Insurance Marketplace Resources About the Affordable Care Act Regulatory ...

  6. The Affordable Care Act: Success or Failure?

    E-print Network

    Soloveichik, David

    for the ACA because it promised to reduce the amount of uncompensated care. #12;School of Medicine 7 ACA of the Affordable Care Act 10 #12;School of Medicine 11 It Takes Three Branches . . . #12;School of Medicine 12 ACA

  7. Why Epidemiologists Cannot Afford to Ignore Poverty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy Krieger

    2007-01-01

    Epidemiologists cannot afford to ignore poverty. To do so would, first, wrongly obscure the devastating impact of poverty on population health, and, second, undercut our commitment to scien- tific rigor. At issue is doing correct science, not \\

  8. Energy and water development appropriations for 1999: Part 7. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    These are the hearings before the subcommittee on energy and water development of the committee on appropriations, House of Representatives. This is part 7 which includes the testimony of members of congress and other interested individuals and organizations. Discussion includes funding of various US DOE programs and projects relating to energy efficiency and other topics.

  9. Energy and water development appropriations for 1999: Part 1. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    This is part 1 of the hearings before the subcommittee on energy and water development of the committee on appropriations, House of Representatives. This includes statements of witnesses from the Department of the Army, the Corps of Engineers, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works) and Chief of Engineers on topics of funding for the activities of these departments.

  10. Energy and water development appropriations for 1999: Part 3. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, On Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    These are the hearings before the subcommittee on energy and water development of the committed on appropriations, House of Representatives. The topics include the Bureau of Reclamation, testimony of the Secretary of the Interior, Appalachian Regional Commission, and the Tennessee Valley Authority. The discussion is related to the funding of activities in these areas.

  11. Report to the U.S. Agency for International Development on the Activities of Literacy House, Lucknow, India, July 1, 1964 - June 30, 1969.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Education, Inc., New York, NY.

    The program of Literacy House in Lucknow, India includes training of personnel, preparation of materials, and sponsorship of a wide variety of programs. This report on their work, prepared to document the need for a budget request from the U.S. Agency for International Development, describes the achievement and prospects in programs relating to…

  12. Development of a Calibration Methodology for Code-compliant Simulation of a Case Study House in a Hot and Humid Climate 

    E-print Network

    Kim, K. H.; Haberl, J. S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a comparison of the results between a code-compliant DOE-2 simulation and monthly utility bills for a case study house in College Station, Texas. The comparison of the results is a preliminary step toward the development...

  13. ARAACtional exuberance : lessons and prospects for age-restricted active adult housing development in Massachusetts

    E-print Network

    Dawson, Sloan William

    2010-01-01

    In the last fifteen years, Massachusetts and neighboring states have experienced explosive growth in a hitherto alien form of residential development to the region: the age-restricted active adult retirement community ...

  14. An integrated FDM-ANP evaluation model for sustainable development of housing community

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei-Ming Wang; Amy H. I. Lee; Ding-Tsair Chang

    2010-01-01

    When sustainable development becomes the global trend on residential environment, the transformation of abstract concepts\\u000a into practicable implementations is necessary. In consequence, an objective evaluation model on regional property needs to\\u000a established and carried out to examine the effectiveness and performance of local action. Because of the limitations of the\\u000a small area and dense population in Taiwan, the development trend

  15. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality...

  16. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality...

  17. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality...

  18. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality...

  19. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality...

  20. Evaluating Energy Savings in All-Electric Public Housing in the Pacific Northwest, Tacoma, Washington (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2014-03-01

    This project analyzes the cost effectiveness of energy savings measures installed by a large public housing authority in Salishan, a community in Tacoma Washington. Research focuses on the modeled and measured energy usage of the first six phases of construction, and compares the energy usage of those phases to phase 7. Market-ready energy solutions were also evaluated to improve the efficiency of affordable housing for new and existing (built since 2001) affordable housing in the marine climate of Washington State.

  1. Evaluation of Modeled and Measured Energy Savings in Existing All Electric Public Housing in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect

    Gordon, A.; Lubliner, M.; Howard, L.; Kunkle, R.; Salzberg, E.

    2014-04-01

    This project analyzes the cost effectiveness of energy savings measures installed by a large public housing authority in Salishan, a community in Tacoma Washington. Research focuses on the modeled and measured energy usage of the first six phases of construction, and compares the energy usage of those phases to phase 7. Market-ready energy solutions were also evaluated to improve the efficiency of affordable housing for new and existing (built since 2001) affordable housing in the marine climate of Washington State.

  2. Habitat Metro Denver -- Perfecting Award-Winning Affordable Homes Using Building America's Integrated Design Approach

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2004-12-01

    Habitat for Humanity's goal is to supply quality housing to poor families while reducing their energy cost burden, especially in light of ever-increasing energy prices. Habitat Metro Denver partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Project and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to improve their construction and design process to create an affordable home that is not only cost-effective and volunteer friendly to build but highly energy efficient and a comfortable place to live.

  3. Are Maternal Antibodies Really That Important? Patterns in the Immunologic Development of Altricial Passerine House Sparrows (Passer domesticus)

    PubMed Central

    King, Marisa O.; Owen, Jeb P.; Schwabl, Hubert G.

    2010-01-01

    Background Maternal antibodies are believed to play an integral role in protecting immunologically immature wild-passerines from environmental antigens. This study comprehensively examines the early development of the adaptive immune system in an altricial-developing wild passerine species, the house sparrow (Passer domestics), by characterizing the half-life of maternal antibodies in nestling plasma, the onset of de novo synthesis of endogenous antibodies by nestlings, and the timing of immunological independence, where nestlings rely entirely on their own antibodies for immunologic protection. Methodology/Principal Findings In an aviary study we vaccinated females against a novel antigen that these birds would not otherwise encounter in their natural environment, and measured both antigen-specific and total antibody concentration in the plasma of females, yolks, and nestlings. We traced the transfer of maternal antibodies from females to nestlings through the yolk and measured catabolisation of maternal antigen-specific antibodies in nestlings during early development. By utilizing measurements of non-specific and specific antibody levels in nestling plasma we were able to calculate the half-life of maternal antibodies in nestling plasma and the time point at which nestling were capable of synthesizing antibodies themselves. Based on the short half-life of maternal antibodies, the rapid production of endogenous antibodies by nestlings and the relatively low transfer of maternal antibodies to nestlings, our findings suggest that altricial-developing sparrows achieve immunologic independence much earlier than precocial birds. Conclusions/Significance To our knowledge, this is the first in depth analyses performed on the adaptive immune system of a wild-passerine species. Our results suggest that maternal antibodies may not confer the immunologic protection or immune priming previously proposed in other passerine studies. Further research needs to be conducted on other altricial passerines to determine if the results of our study are a species-specific phenomenon or if they apply to all altricial-developing birds. PMID:20300173

  4. University Tuition, Consumer Choice and College Affordability: Strategies for Addressing a Higher Education Affordability Challenge

    E-print Network

    McPherson, Peter; Shulenburger, David E.

    2008-01-01

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu University Tuition, Consumer Choice and College Affordability: Strategies for Addressing a Higher Education Affordability Challenge 2008 by Peter McPherson and David Shulenburger This work has been... with the permission of the publisher. The original published version can be found at the link below. McPerson, Peter & Shulenburger, David. 2008. “University Tuition, Consumer Choice and College Affordability: Strategies for Addressing a Higher Education...

  5. Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.

    Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

  6. The Role of Affordable Mortgages in Improving Living Standards and Stimulating GrowthA Survey of Selected MENA Countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Nuri Erba?; Frank Nothaft

    2002-01-01

    This paper argues that making affordable home mortgage loans available to a large cross section of the population will serve both the redistributive and growth-enhancing objectives of poverty reduction policies. The current state of housing and mortgage markets in selected Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia) is examined. The study evaluates Turkey and

  7. The Role of Affordable Mortgages in Improving Living Standards and Stimulating Growth: A Survey of Selected MENA Countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank E. Nothaft; S. Nuri Erbas

    2002-01-01

    This paper argues that making affordable home mortgage loans available to a large cross section of the population will serve both the redistributive and growth-enhancing objectives of poverty reduction policies. The current state of housing and mortgage markets in selected Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia) is examined. The study evaluates Turkey and

  8. Control your mind, make affordance available

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Zheng; Lee, Yang; Zhu, Jin

    2015-01-01

    Evaluating the affordance–control interpretation of the relationship between performance and object estimation has been proposed by psychophysical and psychonomic studies. This study examined the weight estimation–performance relationship. Individuals with visual impairment or blindness put shots that varied in weight among five scales. In Experiment 1, only the perceived weight was a significant performance constraint. In Experiment 2, the weight was perceived as heavier when the participants’ actions were manipulated through cognitive interpretation. The increase in perceived weight appeared to be related to performance and intrinsically scaled to the action, even when the action was only mental rather than physical. The study’s findings suggest that bodily experience and action are the basis for physical judgments and likely underlie other basic cognitive interpretations of sensory stimuli. This suggestion goes hand in hand with the biofunctional approaches which assume direct experience of the integrated wholeness of one’s body is fundamental for developing other kinds of awareness. Different perspectives from oriental philosophy and psychology are also discussed. PMID:25741298

  9. A New Measure of Medication Affordability

    PubMed Central

    BRIESACHER, BECKY; ROSS-DEGNAN, DENNIS; ADAMS, ALYCE; WAGNER, ANITA; GURWITZ, JERRY; SOUMERAI, STEPHAN

    2010-01-01

    This study developed a new measure of medication affordability that examines out-of-pocket drug expenses relative to available household resources. The authors assessed the spending patterns of ~2.1 million poor households (?100% federal poverty level) of adults aged 51 and older by Medicaid status. The data were drawn from the 2000–2001 Health and Retirement Study. Household spending was categorized into three broad types: basic living, health care, and discretionary. Older (aged 51 or older) poor households without Medicaid allocated about 72% of their total resources ($17,421, SE $783) to basic living needs. In comparison, those with Medicaid had scarcer total resources ($12,498, SE $423) and allocated 85% to basic living needs. Medication costs consumed the largest proportion of health care expenses for both types of poor households (Medicaid: $463, SE $67; non-Medicaid: $970, SE $102). After paying for basic living needs and health care costs, these families had, on average, only $16 left each week. Poor families have very few resources available for anything beyond basic living needs, even when they have Medicaid coverage. There is no great reservoir of discretionary funds to pay for increases in cost-sharing under Medicaid and Medicare Part D. PMID:19821195

  10. Aspects of the Development of Housing for the Spaceflight of Pregnant and Lactating Rats with Neonates

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hinds, William E.; Mayer, David J.; Evans, Juli; Spratt, Shahn; Lane, Philip K.; Rodriguez, Shari L.; Navidi, Meena; Armstrong, Rachel; Lemos, Bonnie; Dalton, Bonnie P. (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    Recent and upcoming spaceflights are investigating the effect of weightlessness on developing neural and organ systems. Pregnant rats and dams with neonates have to be accommodated in cages that support the special requirements of these animals. Extensive ground testing of cage concepts, the effect of launch and landing stresses on the maintenance of pregnancy and maternal behavior at different neonatal ages, and techniques for monitoring adaptability to change are discussed. A spaceflight opportunity for the NlH.R3 payload of rat families at three different postnatal ages demonstrated that the survival of very young animals was not good but that older newborns could be returned to Earth in reasonably good health. The development of cages for the Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF) to support the flight of neonates on Neurolab was continued and incorporated modifications that were demonstrated by the NIH.R3 flight. Other modifications to the RAHF are discussed. Data from biocompatibility and experiment verification testing are presented.

  11. Technology development activities for housing research animals on Space Station Freedom

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jenner, Jeffrey W.; Garin, Vladimir M.; Nguyen, Frank D.

    1991-01-01

    The development and design of animal facilities are described in terms of the technological needs for NASA's Biological Flight Research Laboratory. Animal habitats are presented with illustrations which encompass waste-collection techniques for microgravity conditions that reduce the need for crew participation. The technology is intended to be highly compatible with animal morphology, and airflow is employed as the primary mechanism of waste control. The airflow can be utilized in the form of localized high-speed directed flow that simultaneously provides a clean animal habitat and low airflow rates. The design of an animal-habitat testbed is presented which capitalizes on contamination-control mechanisms and suitable materials for microgravity conditions. The developments in materials and technologies represent significant contributions for the design of the centrifuge facilities for the Space Station Freedom.

  12. Neonatal Exposure to Pneumococcal Phosphorylcholine Modulates the Development of House Dust Mite Allergy During Adult Life1

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Preeyam S.; Kearney, John F.

    2015-01-01

    Currently, approximately 20% of the global population suffers from an allergic disorder. Allergies and asthma occur at higher rates in developed and industrialized countries. It is clear that many human atopic diseases are initiated neonatally, and herald more severe IgE-mediated disorders, including allergic asthma, which is driven by the priming of TH2 effector T cells. The “hygiene hypothesis” attempts to link the increased excessively sanitary conditions early in life, to a default TH2 response and increasing allergic phenomena. Despite the substantial involvement of IgE antibodies in such conditions, little attention has been paid to the effects of early microbial exposure on the B cell repertoire prior to the initiation of these diseases. Here, we use antibody-binding assays to demonstrate that Streptococcus pneumoniae and house dust mite (HDM) bear similar phosphorylcholine (PC) epitopes. Neonatal C57BL/6 mice immunized with a PC-bearing pneumococcal vaccine expressed increased frequencies of PC-specific B cells in the lungs following sensitizing exposure to HDM as adults. Anti-PC IgM antibodies in the lung decreased the interaction of HDM with pulmonary APCs and were affiliated with lowered allergy-associated cell infiltration into the lung, IgE production, development of airway hyperresponsiveness, and TH2 T cell priming. Thus, exposure of neonatal mice to PC-bearing pneumococci significantly reduced the development of HDM-induced allergic disease during adult life. Our findings demonstrate that B cells generated against conserved epitopes expressed by bacteria, encountered early in life, are also protective against the development of allergic disease during adult life. PMID:25957171

  13. Hood River Passive House

    SciTech Connect

    Hales, D.

    2013-03-01

    The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

  14. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas. 203.426 Section 203.426 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing...

  15. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas. 203.426 Section 203.426 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing...

  16. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas. 203.426 Section 203.426 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing...

  17. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas. 203.426 Section 203.426 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing...

  18. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas. 203.426 Section 203.426 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing...

  19. House Warming

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Twin Cities Public Television

    2013-01-01

    In this physical sciences activity, learners explore how passive solar design increases energy efficiency. Learners test paperboard models of different building designs to discover how the design affects the amount of heat that enters the house.

  20. Building a 40% Energy Saving House in the Mixed-Humid Climate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey E Christian; Jacob Bonar

    2011-01-01

    This report describes a home that uses 40% less energy than the energy-efficient Building America standard - a giant step in the pursuit of affordable near-zero-energy housing through the evolution of five near-zero-energy research houses. This four-bedroom, two-bath, 1232-ft2 house has a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) index of 35 (a HERS rating of 0 is a zero-energy house, a

  1. Urban land-use regulations and housing markets in developing countries: Evidence from Indonesia on the importance of enforcement

    E-print Network

    Monkkonen, P

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia has grown proportionally with the urban population,and respon- sive to population growth. Indonesia has a lowerand population at the level of individual housing markets is straightforward in Indonesia;

  2. Case Study: Passive Solar Concepts Adapted to In-Fill Housing in a Hot, Humid Climate

    E-print Network

    McQueen, T. M.; White, J. T.

    1985-01-01

    In-fill housing for central city areas appears to be an answer to the continuing need for compact, affordable dwelling unite that will improve the neighborhood environment. There exist many central city areas in Louisiana where lots are unusually...

  3. Low income housing tax credit properties : non-profit disposition strategies in the Commonwealth

    E-print Network

    Lew-Hailer, Lillian

    2007-01-01

    This thesis examines how non-profit owners in Massachusetts have maintained affordability and ownership of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) properties after the initial fifteen-year compliance period, at the lowest ...

  4. The Importance of the Meaning and Measurement of “Affordable” in the Affordable Care Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard V. Burkhauser; Sean Lyons; Kosali I. Simon

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on the practical importance of a critical but under-explored interpretation of a provision in the Affordable Care Act (ACA): whether “affordable” refers to the cost of single coverage alone, or to family or single coverage as applicable to the worker, in determining the employer’s mandated coverage requirement and workers’ (and their dependents’) access to subsidized exchange coverage.

  5. The Transformation of Ergonomic Affordances into Cultural Affordances: The Case of the Alnuset System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiappini, Giampaolo

    2012-01-01

    Is it possible to study the ergonomic affordances offered by a system designed for educational aims and their transformation into cultural affordances? To this purpose, what references can we adopt? This work describes the theoretical framework used to realise this study referring to AlNuSet, a system realised within the EC ReMath project to…

  6. Housing and child health.

    PubMed

    Weitzman, Michael; Baten, Ahmareen; Rosenthal, David G; Hoshino, Risa; Tohn, Ellen; Jacobs, David E

    2013-09-01

    The connection between housing and health is well established. Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the child's home, such as cleanliness, moisture, pests, noise, accessibility, injury risks, and other forms of housing environmental quality, all have the potential to influence multiple aspects of the health and development of children. Basic sanitation, reduced household crowding, other improvements in housing and expanded, and improved housing regulations have led to advances in children's health. For example, lead poisoning prevention policies have profoundly reduced childhood lead exposure in the United States. This and many other successes highlight the health benefits for families, particularly children, by targeting interventions that reduce or eliminate harmful exposures in the home. Additionally, parental mental health problems, food insecurity, domestic violence, and the presence of guns in children's homes all are largely experienced by children in their homes, which are not as yet considered part of the Healthy Homes agenda. There is a large movement and now a regulatory structure being put in place for healthy housing, which is becoming closely wedded with environmental health, public health, and the practice of pediatrics. The importance of homes in children's lives, history of healthy homes, asthma, and exposures to lead, carbon monoxide, secondhand/thirdhand smoke, radon, allergy triggers is discussed, as well as how changes in ambient temperature, increased humidity, poor ventilation, water quality, infectious diseases, housing structure, guns, electronic media, family structure, and domestic violence all affect children's health. PMID:23953987

  7. 77 FR 31374 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Rural Housing Stability Program...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-25

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Collection to OMB; Rural Housing Stability...requirements that Rural Housing Stability...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451...Department of Housing and Urban Development has submitted...Title of Proposal: Rural Housing...

  8. Waiting in Line: Low Income Families and the Search for Housing. Watching Out for Children in Changing Times.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philadelphia Citizens for Children and Youth, PA.

    The existing housing crisis for Philadelphia's low income families has been exacerbated by a decrease in the real income of these families over the past 10 years, a shortage of affordable housing during the same period, and the deterioration of much of the existing housing stock. "Watching Out for Children in Changing Times," a joint effort…

  9. Land Cover Mapping for the Development of Green House Gas (GHG) Inventories in the Eastern and Southern Africa Region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wakhayanga, J. A.; Oduor, P.; Korme, T.; Farah, H.; Limaye, A. S.; Irwin, D.; Artis, G.

    2014-12-01

    Anthropogenic activities are responsible for the largest share of green house gas (GHG) emissions. Research has shown that greenhouse gases cause radioactive forcing in the stratosphere, leading to ozone depletion. Different land cover types act as sources or sinks of carbon dioxide (CO2), the most dominant GHG.Under the oversight of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) the Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) region countries are developing Sustainable National GHG Inventory Management Systems. While the countries in the ESA region are making substantial progress in setting up GHG inventories, there remains significant constraints in the development of quality and sustainable National GHG Inventory Systems. For instance, there are fundamental challenges in capacity building and technology transfer, which can affect timely and consistent reporting on the land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) component of the GHG inventory development. SERVIR Eastern and Southern Africa is a partnership project between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Regional Center for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD), an intergovernmental organization in Africa, with 21 member states in the ESA region. With support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), SERVIR ESA is implementing the GHG Project in 9 countries. The main deliverables of the project are land cover maps for the years 2000 and 2010 (also 1990 for Malawi and Rwanda), and related technical reports, as well as technical training in land cover mapping using replicable methodologies. Landsat imagery which is freely available forms the main component of earth observation input data, in addition to ancillary data collected from each country. Supervised classification using maximum likelihood algorithm is applied to the Landsat images. The work is completed for the initial 6 countries (Malawi, Zambia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Botswana, and Namibia) and ongoing in the additional 3 countries (Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda). Our presentation focuses on the status of the GHG Project, with particular emphasis on the replicable methods adopted, dissemination mechanisms and technology transfer, as well as the database of products delivered to participating countries.

  10. The Affordable Care Act and orthopaedic trauma.

    PubMed

    Issar, Neil M; Jahangir, A Alex

    2014-10-01

    The Affordable Care Act has resulted in a dramatic governmental restructuring of the healthcare insurance market and delivery system. Orthopaedic traumatologists must be aware of the law's impact on their clinical practice, finances, and overall business model. This includes the effect of accountable care organizations, the Independent Payment Advisory Board, and the Physician Value-Based Payment Modifier program, as well as the impact of the Affordable Care Act's grace period provision, medical device excise tax, and cuts to funding for the Disproportionate Share Hospital program. PMID:25229683

  11. 75 FR 8393 - Housing Counseling Training Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-24

    ...URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5376-N-09] Housing Counseling Training Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information...lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Housing Counseling Training Program. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0567....

  12. 24 CFR 884.222 - Inapplicability of low-rent public housing model lease and grievance procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 884.222 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

  13. Can industry afford solar energy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kreith, F.; Bezdek, R.

    1983-03-01

    Falling oil prices and conservation measures have reduced the economic impetus to develop new energy sources, thus decreasing the urgency for bringing solar conversion technologies to commercial readiness at an early date. However, the capability for solar to deliver thermal energy for industrial uses is proven. A year-round operation would be three times as effective as home heating, which is necessary only part of the year. Flat plate, parabolic trough, and solar tower power plant demonstration projects, though uneconomically operated, have revealed engineering factors necessary for successful use of solar-derived heat for industrial applications. Areas of concern have been categorized as technology comparisons, load temperatures, plant size, location, end-use, backup requirements, and storage costs. Tax incentives have, however, supported home heating and not industrial uses, and government subsidies have historically gone to conventional energy sources. Tax credit programs which could lead to a 20% market penetration by solar energy in the industrial sector by the year 2000 are presented.

  14. Housing and inequalities in health: a study of socioeconomic dimensions of housing and self reported health from a survey of Vancouver residents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J R Dunn

    2002-01-01

    Study objective: To investigate the relation between housing, socioeconomic status, and self reported general and mental health. This study is an empirical investigation of social and economic dimensions of housing, specifically, demand, control, and material (affordability, dwelling type) and meaningful (pride in dwelling, home as a refuge) dimensions of everyday life as they occur in the domestic environment.Design: A cross

  15. The impact of failed housing policy on the public behavioral health system.

    PubMed

    Martone, Kevin

    2014-03-01

    The author describes the crisis in affordable housing for individuals with serious mental illness who have extremely low incomes and outlines implications for the behavioral health system. Studies have shown that nowhere in the United States can an individual with serious mental illness who is receiving Supplemental Security Income afford housing. This has contributed to compliance issues with the Americans With Disabilities Act. The failure of housing policy to effectively address the needs of individuals with serious mental illness who are in poverty is largely to blame for the most visible and costly failures attributed to the behavioral health system: institutionalization, incarceration, and chronic homelessness. It is critical for the behavioral health field to advocate for housing policies to address the housing affordability crisis. PMID:24584525

  16. Anatomy of a Smart house

    SciTech Connect

    Kennedy, L.

    1988-07-01

    The author describes the Gas Laboratory House in Bowie, MD. It is being built as a SMART HOUSE. This means it will contain a whole-house control system made up of communication chips, computer programs and microprocessor-based controllers. A single cable carries signals from the chips to many different types of appliances. Flexible gas piping forms a ''circulatory system'' that makes the house completely compatible with natural gas appliances. The SMART HOUSE is fully programmable so that appliances can be told when to turn on and off. It can also have a zoned space-conditioning system, allowing sections of the house to be heated or cooled independently. The authors explains how the system works and the project's development schedule.

  17. The Role of Housing: A Comparison of Front-Line Provider Views in Housing First and Traditional Programs

    PubMed Central

    Stanhope, Victoria; Padgett, Deborah K.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose Within the mental health system, there are two distinct service models for adults who have severe mental illness and are homeless: one prioritizes treatment before accessing permanent housing (Treatment First) while the other provides permanent housing upfront followed by clinical support (Housing First). Investigating front-line providers working within these two models affords an opportunity to learn more about their implementation from an insider perspective, thus shedding light on whether actual practice is consistent with or contrary to these program models’ contrasting philosophical values. Methods Forty-one providers were recruited from four agencies as part of a NIMH funded qualitative study. Multiple, in-depth interviews lasting 30–45 min were conducted with providers that explored working within these agencies. Thematic analysis was utilized to compare the views of 20 providers working in Housing First versus the 21 providers working in Treatment First programs. Results Providers viewed housing as a priority but differences emerged between Treatment First and Housing First providers along three major themes: the centrality of housing, engaging consumers through housing, and (limits to…) a right to housing. Conclusion Ironically, this study revealed that providers working within Treatment First programs were consumed with the pursuit of housing, whereas Housing First providers focused more on clinical concerns since consumers already had housing. Clearly, how programs position permanent housing has very different implications for how providers understand their work, the pressures they encounter, and how they prioritize client goals. PMID:20521164

  18. Cost-Effectiveness of a Community-Level HIV Risk Reduction Intervention for Women Living in Low-Income Housing Developments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana P. Johnson-Masotti; Steven D. Pinkerton; Kathleen J. Sikkema; Jeffrey A. Kelly; David A. Wagstaff

    2005-01-01

    We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis of a multi-site community-level HIV prevention trial that enrolled women living in 18 low-income housing developments in 5 U.S. cities. A mathematical model of HIV transmission was used to estimate the number of HIV infections averted and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) saved by the community-level intervention, based on data obtained from community-wide sexual behavior surveys

  19. Medicare and the Affordable Care Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marilyn Moon

    2012-01-01

    The recently enacted Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act made modest changes to improve Medicare and obtained a substantial share of funding for the Act's broader reforms from future spending reductions in the program. Drug benefits and preventive services were improved. While painful, the spending reductions will have only moderate impacts on beneficiaries and should help achieve the goals of

  20. AffordabilityFreshman Scholarships and Financial Aid

    E-print Network

    when you're applying for a job or graduate school. Exploring Your Options Our financial aid programsAffordabilityFreshman Scholarships and Financial Aid for 2012-13 Press Esc to Exit #12;Investing of financial assistance. ·Last year, Colorado State awarded more than $234 million to students through grants

  1. Are Selective Private and Public Colleges Affordable?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karikari, John A.; Dezhbakhsh, Hashem

    2013-01-01

    We examine college affordability under the existing pricing and financial aid system that awards both non need-based and need-based aid. Using data of freshmen attending a large number of selective private and public colleges in the USA, we find that the prices students actually pay for college have increased over time. Need-based grant aid has…

  2. Diabetes and the Affordable Care Act.

    PubMed

    Burge, Mark R; Schade, David S

    2014-07-01

    The Affordable Care Act--"Obamacare"--is the most important federal medical legislation to be enacted since Medicare. Although the goal of the Affordable Care Act is to improve healthcare coverage, access, and quality for all Americans, people with diabetes are especially poised to benefit from the comprehensive reforms included in the act. Signed into law in 2010, this massive legislation will slowly be enacted over the next 10 years. In the making for at least a decade, it will affect every person in the United States, either directly or indirectly. In this review, we discuss the major changes in healthcare that will take place in the next several years, including (1) who needs to purchase insurance on the Web-based exchange, (2) the cost to individuals and the rebates that they may expect, (3) the rules and regulations for purchasing insurance, (4) the characteristics of the different "metallic" insurance plans that are available, and (5) the states that have agreed to participate. With both tables and figures, we have tried to make the Affordable Care Act both understandable and appreciated. The goal of this comprehensive review is to highlight aspects of the Affordable Care Act that are of importance to practitioners who care for people with diabetes by discussing both the positive and the potentially negative aspects of the program as they relate to diabetes care. PMID:24927108

  3. Affordable Care Act (ACA) & UCF Students

    E-print Network

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    $ Affordable Care Act (ACA) & UCF Students Basic Information You Should Know 1. Your Parents You://hs.ucf.edu/payment-and-insurance.html MARKETPLACE Also known as the Marketplace, this is a key feature of the ACA. Shop online to find the right.hs.ucf.edu What If I Decide to Not Get Health Insurance? The ACA Penalty Explained Starting in 2014

  4. Actions and Affordances in Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Craig G.; Tanenhaus, Michael K.; Magnuson, James S.

    2004-01-01

    In 2 experiments, eye movements were monitored as participants followed instructions containing temporary syntactic ambiguities (e.g., "Pour the egg in the bowl over the flour"). The authors varied the affordances of task-relevant objects with respect to the action required by the instruction (e.g., whether 1 or both eggs in the visual workspace…

  5. 9 Tips for Affordable Student Trips

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    The trick to having a successful and affordable trip is planning ahead and planning thoroughly. Keep the spirits high and the costs low by following a well-traveled ensemble director's suggestions as presented in this article. These tips include finding local attractions that are unique to the city that the group will be visiting, looking at…

  6. The Affordable Care Act at 5 Years.

    PubMed

    Blumenthal, David; Abrams, Melinda; Nuzum, Rachel

    2015-06-18

    This report marks the fifth anniversary of the Affordable Care Act. The authors discuss the ACA's effects on health care access, quality, and cost resulting from the law's expansion of health insurance coverage and reforms of the U.S. health care delivery system. PMID:25946142

  7. Approach to an Affordable and Productive Space Transportation System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McCleskey, Carey M.; Rhodes, Russel E.; Lepsch, Roger A.; Henderson, Edward M.; Robinson, John W.

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes an approach for creating space transportation architectures that are affordable, productive, and sustainable. The architectural scope includes both flight and ground system elements, and focuses on their compatibility to achieve a technical solution that is operationally productive, and also affordable throughout its life cycle. Previous papers by the authors and other members of the Space Propulsion Synergy Team (SPST) focused on space flight system engineering methods, along with operationally efficient propulsion system concepts and technologies. This paper follows up previous work by using a structured process to derive examples of conceptual architectures that integrate a number of advanced concepts and technologies. The examples are not intended to provide a near-term alternative architecture to displace current near-term design and development activity. Rather, the examples demonstrate an approach that promotes early investments in advanced system concept studies and trades (flight and ground), as well as in advanced technologies with the goal of enabling highly affordable, productive flight and ground space transportation systems.

  8. 24 CFR Appendix to Subpart M of... - Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...Housing Marketing Regulations Pt. 200, Subpt. M, App. Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200—Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia...

  9. 24 CFR Appendix to Subpart M of... - Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...Housing Marketing Regulations Pt. 200, Subpt. M, App. Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200—Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia...

  10. Social congestion in Shanghai : an urban housing project designed on its sections

    E-print Network

    Ge, Wenjun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    The new housing developments of Shanghai rely on high-rise building, demolishing the prevailing low-rise high-density housing, known as Lilong housing, built in the early 20th century, and known as Lilong housing. The ...

  11. 24 CFR 906.23 - Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.23 Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents....

  12. 24 CFR 906.23 - Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.23 Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents....

  13. 24 CFR 906.23 - Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.23 Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents....

  14. 24 CFR 906.23 - Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.23 Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents....

  15. 24 CFR 906.23 - Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.23 Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents....

  16. New Trends in Student Housing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koch, David; Wesse, David; Stickney, Robert

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the influence of residence halls in supporting a college's admissions and recruiting process for attracting highly qualified students. It explores the trends in student housing needs and how a school can meet those needs, and examines possible funding solutions for dormitory renovations. Recommendations for developing housing strategies…

  17. Housing Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmalz, Georgann

    1985-01-01

    Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

  18. Children in Public Housing Developments: An Examination of the Children at the Beginning of the Jobs-Plus Demonstration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Pamela; Jones, Stephanie; Smith, Jared

    Although it is commonly assumed that children living in public housing are at greater risk of experiencing academic and behavioral problems than other low-income children, there is little research available documenting the circumstances and experiences of these children and examining whether differences in outcomes between them and their…

  19. Affordable cooling with window air conditioners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2009-01-01

    Replacing low-efficiency window air conditioners with high-efficiency units is cost-effective in houses with high pre-weatherization air conditioning electricity consumption and should be considered an option in programs directed at reducing air conditioning electricity consumption. However, the cost-effectiveness of this measure must be verified in each house before installation. Initial air conditioning electricity consumption can be low in many low-income households

  20. Development of an orange juice in-house reference material and its application to guarantee the quality of vitamin C determination in fruits, juices and fruit pulps.

    PubMed

    Valente, A; Sanches-Silva, A; Albuquerque, T G; Costa, H S

    2014-07-01

    Reference materials are useful for the quality control of analytical procedures and to evaluate the performance of laboratories. There are few and expensive certified reference materials commercially available for vitamin C or ascorbic acid analysis in food matrices. In this study, the preparation and the suitability assessment of an orange juice in-house reference material (RM) for vitamin C analysis in fruits, juices and in fruit pulps is described. This RM was used for the development and full validation of an HPLC method. The results showed excellent linearity (r(2)=0.9995), good accuracy (96.6-97.3%) and precision, as relative standard deviation, ranged from 0.70% to 3.67%. The in-house RM was homogenous and stable at storage conditions (-80°C) during 12 months. According to our results, this in-house RM is an excellent tool to use in quality control and method verification purposes for vitamin C analysis of fruits, juices and fruit pulps matrices. Furthermore, a stabilization solution with perchloric and metaphosphoric acids was developed which prevents degradation of ascorbic acid for a period of 12 months at -80°C. PMID:24518317

  1. Perception of maximum stepping and leaping distance: Stepping affordances as a special case of leaping affordances.

    PubMed

    Day, Brian M; Wagman, Jeffrey B; Smith, Peter J K

    2015-06-01

    Successfully performing everyday behaviors requires perceiving affordances-possibilities for behavior that depend on the fit between environmental properties and action capabilities. Whereas affordances for some behaviors are primarily constrained by relatively static geometric properties of the perceiver (non-launching behaviors such as stepping), others are additionally constrained by dynamic force production capabilities of the perceiver (launching behaviors such as leaping). This experiment used a transfer of calibration paradigm to investigate whether visual perception of launching and non-launching behaviors represent independent perception-action tasks. In particular, we investigated whether calibration of visual perception of maximum leaping distance transferred to visual perception of maximum stepping distance, and/or vice versa. The results showed that calibration of perception of maximum leaping distance transferred to perception of maximum stepping distance, suggesting that perception of launching and non-launching are not independent. Rather, perception of stepping affordances may be a special case of perception of leaping affordances. PMID:25898112

  2. Energy and water development appropriations bill, 1994. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, June 17, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    This report on the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Bill for 1994, submitted by the Committee on Appropriations, is submitted in explanation of the accompanying bill making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994, and for other purposes. Contained in the bill and report is pertinent budget information for the Department of Defense (Civil), Department of the Interior, Department of Energy, and Independent Agencies. A General Provision (regarding the Superconducting Super Collider) and House Reporting Requirement are provided.

  3. Crashworthy Seats Would Afford Superior Protection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gohmert, Dustin

    2009-01-01

    Seats to prevent or limit crash injuries to astronauts aboard the crew vehicle of the Orion spacecraft are undergoing development. The design of these seats incorporates and goes beyond crash-protection concepts embodied in prior spacecraft and racing-car seats to afford superior protection against impacts. Although the seats are designed to support astronauts in a recumbent, quasi-fetal posture that would likely not be suitable for non-spacecraft applications, parts of the design could be adapted to military and some civilian aircraft seats and to racing car seats to increase levels of protection. The main problem in designing any crashworthy seat is to provide full support of the occupant against anticipated crash and emergency-landing loads so as to safely limit motion, along any axis, of any part of the occupant s body relative to (1) any other part of the occupant s body, (2) the spacecraft or other vehicle, and (3) the seat itself. In the original Orion spacecraft application and in other applications that could easily be envisioned, the problem is complicated by severe limits on space available for the seat, a requirement to enable rapid egress by the occupant after a crash, and a requirement to provide for fitting of the seat to a wide range of sizes and shapes of a human body covered by a crash suit, space suit, or other protective garment. The problem is further complicated by other Orion-application-specific requirements that must be omitted here for the sake of brevity. To accommodate the wide range of crewmember body lengths within the limits on available space in the original Orion application, the design provides for taller crewmembers to pull their legs back closer toward their chests, while shorter crewmembers can allow their legs to stretch out further. The range of hip-support seat adjustments needed to effect this accommodation, as derived from NASA s Human Systems Integration Standard, was found to define a parabolic path along which the knees must be positioned. For a given occupant, the specific position along the path depends on the distance from the heel to the back of the knee. The application of the concept of parabolic adjustment of the hip-support structure caused the seat pan to also take on a parabolic shape, yielding the unanticipated additional benefit that the seat pan fits the occupant s buttocks and thighs more nearly conformally than do seat pans of prior design. This more nearly conformal fit effectively eliminates a void between the occupant s body and the seat pan, thereby helping to prevent what, in prior seat designs, was shifting of the occupant s body into that void during an impact.

  4. Estimating Housing Price: Kriging the Mean

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José-Ma Montero; Beatriz Larraz

    2006-01-01

    The price of houses and its evolution in recent years is one of the issues that citizens and, of course, political and economic authorities are worried about. In most of the developed countries the mean price (per square meter) of houses in an area is estimated by a simple average of single prices from a sample of houses that does

  5. Local Leadership and the Affordable Care Act

    PubMed Central

    Williams, Stephen L.; Nichols, Beverly L.; Barton, M. Katherine; De LaCruz, Maria; Hernandez, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    Local health departments are in key positions to lead in the education and implementation efforts to advance the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The first enrollment period is over, but the efforts to enroll the uninsured and advocate for expansion of Medicaid in the states that have not yet taken on this expansion will continue for years to come. Political climates may be unsupportive, but some actions may still be possible. PMID:25423062

  6. Conformal House

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryttov, Thomas A.; Sannino, Francesco

    We investigate the gauge dynamics of nonsupersymmetric SU(N) gauge theories featuring the simultaneous presence of fermionic matter transforming according to two distinct representations of the underlying gauge group. We bound the regions of flavors and colors which can yield a physical infrared fixed point. As a consistency check we recover the previously investigated bounds of the conformal windows when restricting to a single matter representation. The earlier conformal windows can be imagined to be part now of the new conformal house. We predict the nonperturbative anomalous dimensions at the infrared fixed points. We further investigate the effects of adding mass terms to the condensates on the conformal house chiral dynamics and construct the simplest instanton induced effective Lagrangian terms.

  7. Smart Houses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

  8. Freedom House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1941, Freedom House was organized by prominent Americans who were concerned with mounting threats to peace and democracy. Today, as in previous decades, their mission includes promoting "the growth of freedom by encouraging U.S. policymakers, international institutions, and the governments of established democracies to adopt policies that advance human rights and democracy around the world." First-time visitors may wish to begin by looking to the right-hand side of the homepage to the "Around the World" section. Here visitors can learn about the work that the Freedom House organization is doing in other parts of the world, and more importantly, they can read their in-house reports on democratic movements in different countries. Moving along, the left-hand side of the page includes links to their other publications, which include the "Nations In Transit" series. This particular series takes a long view on political reform in the former Communist states of Europe and Eurasia. To really get a full appreciation of the site's contents and scope requires several visits, but it should have no problem holding the attention of public policy types and scholars.

  9. Relative Affordability of Health Insurance Premiums under CHIP Expansion Programs and the ACA.

    PubMed

    Gresenz, Carole Roan; Laugesen, Miriam J; Yesus, Ambeshie; Escarce, José J

    2011-10-01

    Affordability is integral to the success of health care reforms aimed at ensuring universal access to health insurance coverage, and affordability determinations have major policy and practical consequences. This article describes factors that influenced the determination of affordability benchmarks and premium-contribution requirements for Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) expansions in three states that sought to universalize access to coverage for youth. It also compares subsidy levels developed in these states to the premium subsidy schedule under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) for health insurance plans purchased through an exchange. We find sizeable variability in premium-contribution requirements for children's coverage as a percentage of family income across the three states and in the progressivity and regressivity of the premium-contribution schedules developed. These findings underscore the ambiguity and subjectivity of affordability standards. Further, our analyses suggest that while the ACA increases the affordability of family coverage for families with incomes below 400 percent of the federal poverty level, the evolution of CHIP over the next five to ten years will continue to have significant implications for low-income families. PMID:21785010

  10. Enabling Dedicated, Affordable Space Access Through Aggressive Technology Maturation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, Jonathan E.; Kibbey, Timothy P.; Cobb, C. Brent; Harris, Lawanna L.

    2014-01-01

    A launch vehicle at the scale and price point which allows developers to take reasonable risks with high payoff propulsion and avionics hardware solutions does not exist today. Establishing this service provides a ride through the proverbial technology "valley of death" that lies between demonstration in laboratory and flight environments. NASA's NanoLaunch effort will provide the framework to mature both earth-to-orbit and on-orbit propulsion and avionics technologies while also providing affordable, dedicated access to low earth orbit for cubesat class payloads.

  11. Europe's Housing Squeeze Puts Students in Tight Spots

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Labi, Aisha

    2008-01-01

    Affordable housing is an elusive commodity for students in Paris and much of the rest of Europe. Many European universities are in cities where property values have soared in recent years--along with higher-education enrollment figures and the number of students vying for rooms. Few of the universities have dormitories, and students are left…

  12. Maximising the net social benefit of the construction of post-disaster alternative housing projects.

    PubMed

    El-Anwar, Omar

    2013-07-01

    The widespread destruction that follows large-scale natural disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, challenges the efficacy of traditional temporary housing methods in providing adequate solutions to housing needs. Recognising these housing challenges, the Congress of the United States allocated, in 2006, USD 400 million to the Department of Homeland Security to support Alternative Housing Pilot Programs, which are intended to explore the possibilities of providing permanent and affordable housing to displaced families instead of traditional temporary housing. This paper presents a new methodology and optimisation model to identify the optimal configurations of post-shelter housing arrangements to maximise the overall net socioeconomic benefit. The model is capable of quantifying and optimising the impacts of substituting temporary housing with alternative housing on the social and economic welfare of displaced families as well as the required additional costs of doing so. An application example is presented to illustrate the use of the model and its capabilities. PMID:23551231

  13. Whole-House Design and Commissioning in the Project Home Again Hot-Humid New Construction Community

    SciTech Connect

    Kerrigan, P.

    2012-09-01

    BSC has been working with Project Home Again since 2008 and has consulted on the design of around 100 affordable, energy efficient new construction homes for victims of hurricanes Katrina and Rita. This report details the effort on the final two phases of the project: Phases V and VI which resulted in a total of 25 homes constructed in 2011. The goal of this project was to develop and implement an energy efficiency package that will achieve at least 20% whole house source energy savings improvement over the B10 Benchmark.

  14. Affordance of Garden Towards Restorative Process of Hospitalized Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ismail Said

    This study investigates sense of affordance attains by hospitalized children participating in a pediatric-ward garden during their restoration in hospital. Affordances are the functional meanings generated when children play with the garden features, either alone or with peers. According to ecological perceptual psychology, the affordances are interrelated with stimulation and feedback when the children interact with the garden contents. The

  15. 24 CFR 9.152 - Program accessibility: alterations of Property Disposition Program multifamily housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Section 9.152 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Department of Housing and Urban Development ENFORCEMENT...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT § 9.152 ...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  16. 24 CFR 9.152 - Program accessibility: alterations of Property Disposition Program multifamily housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Section 9.152 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Department of Housing and Urban Development ENFORCEMENT...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT § 9.152 ...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  17. 24 CFR 9.152 - Program accessibility: alterations of Property Disposition Program multifamily housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Section 9.152 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Department of Housing and Urban Development ENFORCEMENT...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT § 9.152 ...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  18. 24 CFR 9.152 - Program accessibility: alterations of Property Disposition Program multifamily housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Section 9.152 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Department of Housing and Urban Development ENFORCEMENT...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT § 9.152 ...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  19. 78 FR 317 - Redelegation of Authority to the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Housing Counseling

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-03

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5672-D-01...amends section 106 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 and authorizes...Counseling in the Department of Housing and Urban Development. This Notice describes...

  20. Energy and water development appropriations for 1986. Part 1. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    Part 1 of the hearing record covers the testimony of witnesses from the Corps of Engineers before the House Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development on appropriations for Corps activities in 1986. The first section of the record gives an overview of civil works programs in the context of the 1986 budget of $2.34 billion. Particular emphasis is on 60 proposed water projects. Separate sections cover testimony by the divisional representatives of the Missouri River, Ohio River, North Central, North Atlantic, New England, and Southwestern Divisions. Their testimony includes details of specific projects and supporting documentation for the projects as well as proposals for cost sharing and user fees.

  1. 76 FR 81520 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Rural Housing Stability Program...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-28

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No...Collection for Public Comment; Rural Housing Stability Program...Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th...Title of Proposal: Rural Housing Stability...

  2. The Affordable Care Act and integrated care.

    PubMed

    Kuramoto, Ford

    2014-01-01

    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 offers a comprehensive, integrated health insurance reform program for those who are eligible to enroll. A core feature of the ACA is the integration of primary health, behavioral health, and related services in a new national program for the first time. This article traces the history of past federal services integration efforts and identify varying approaches for implementing them to improve care, especially for underserved populations. The business case for integrated care, reducing escalating health care costs and overcoming barriers to implementation, is also discussed. PMID:24329106

  3. Hood River Passive House

    SciTech Connect

    Hales, D.

    2014-01-01

    The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project. The design includes high R-Value assemblies, extremely tight construction, high performance doors and windows, solar thermal DHW, heat recovery ventilation, moveable external shutters and a high performance ductless mini-split heat pump. Cost analysis indicates that many of the measures implemented in this project did not meet the BA standard for cost neutrality. The ductless mini-split heat pump, lighting and advanced air leakage control were the most cost effective measures. The future challenge will be to value engineer the performance levels indicated here in modeling using production based practices at a significantly lower cost.

  4. Utilizing fission technology to enable rapid and affordable access to any point in the solar system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Houts, Mike; Bonometti, Joe; Morton, Jeff; Hrbud, Ivana; Bitteker, Leo; van Dyke, Melissa; Godfroy, Tom; Pedersen, Kevin; Dobson, Chris; Patton, Bruce; Martin, James; Chakrabarti, Suman

    2000-01-01

    Fission technology can enable rapid, affordable access to any point in the solar system. Potential fission-based transportation options include bimodal nuclear thermal rockets, high specific energy propulsion systems, and pulsed fission propulsion systems. In-space propellant re-supply enhances the effective performance of all systems, but requires significant infrastructure development. Safe, timely, affordable utilization of first-generation space fission propulsion systems will enable the development of more advanced systems. First generation space systems will build on over 45 years of US and international space fission system technology development to minimize cost. .

  5. Faculty Housing Assistance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fink, Ira

    1982-01-01

    Some of the creative financing programs currently used to provide faculty housing assistance in California and elsewhere in the United States are described. Generally, the programs fall into one of four categories: rental housing, owner housing, mortgage assistance, and housing stipends. Institutions with a comprehensive housing program often have…

  6. Happy Birthday White House!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillon, Doris; And Others

    1992-01-01

    An integrated elementary teaching package offers interesting facts about presidents and the White House. Cross-curricular activities focus on architecture, presidential birthplaces, portraits, communications, science, technology, touring the White House, children in the White House, a day in the life of the White House, and a White House birthday…

  7. Cold-Climate Case Study for Affordable Zero Energy Homes: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Norton, P.; Christensen, C.

    2006-07-01

    This project, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Program, is a case study in reaching zero energy within the affordable housing sector in cold climates. The design of the 1200 square foot, 3-bedroom Denver zero energy home carefully combines envelope efficiency, efficient equipment, appliances and lighting, and passive and active solar features to reach the zero energy goal. The home was designed using an early version of the BEOpt building optimization software with additional analysis using DOE2. This engineering approach was tempered by regular discussions with Habitat construction staff and volunteers. These discussions weighed the applicability of the optimized solutions to the special needs and economics of a Habitat house--moving the design towards simple, easily maintained mechanical systems and volunteer-friendly construction techniques.

  8. An Object Oriented Extensible Architecture for Affordable Aerospace Propulsion Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Follen, Gregory J.

    2003-01-01

    Driven by a need to explore and develop propulsion systems that exceeded current computing capabilities, NASA Glenn embarked on a novel strategy leading to the development of an architecture that enables propulsion simulations never thought possible before. Full engine 3 Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamic propulsion system simulations were deemed impossible due to the impracticality of the hardware and software computing systems required. However, with a software paradigm shift and an embracing of parallel and distributed processing, an architecture was designed to meet the needs of future propulsion system modeling. The author suggests that the architecture designed at the NASA Glenn Research Center for propulsion system modeling has potential for impacting the direction of development of affordable weapons systems currently under consideration by the Applied Vehicle Technology Panel (AVT).

  9. HOMELESSNESS IN TEMPORARY\\/PERMANENT HOUSING CONCEPTS: QUESTIONING SUSTAINABILITY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tarek A. El-Sheikh

    The paper discusses current condition of temporary housing settlements in Cairo that developed over a decade to meet the urgent housing needs of poor families. The paper asesses the changing daily life, shelter conditions of temporary\\/permanent housing from the user's point of view during transition between both conditions. A house is more than shelter for mostly deprived people and the

  10. Social Support of Homeless and Housed Mothers: A Comparison of Temporary and Permanent Housing Arrangements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Letiecq, Bethany L.; Anderson, Elaine A.; Koblinsky, Sally A.

    1998-01-01

    Compares the social support of 115 low-income housed mothers and 92 homeless mothers residing in emergency shelters, transitional housing, and doubled-up arrangements. Results reveal that homeless mothers in emergency shelters and transitional housing had significantly less contact with friends and relatives. Implications for policy development

  11. Public Housing Smarts: Two Universities Discover a Trove of Opportunity in New Orleans' Public Housing System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulard, Garry

    1998-01-01

    Tulane University and Xavier University (Louisiana) are both taking an active role in revitalizing the New Orleans public housing authority, the sixth-largest in the country. In partnership with the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development and the city's housing authority, the two institutions are cooperating in a major renovation…

  12. 77 FR 31375 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB: Rural Housing Stability...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-25

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5604-N-05...Proposed Information Collection to OMB: Rural Housing Stability Assistance Program...QDAM, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street...

  13. NASA's Space Launch System: Affordability for Sustainability

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    May, Todd A.; Creech, Stephen D.

    2012-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Space Launch System (SLS) Program, managed at the Marshall Space Flight Center, is charged with delivering a new capability for human exploration beyond Earth orbit in an austere economic climate. But the SLS value is clear and codified in United States (U.S.) budget law. The SLS Program knows that affordability is the key to sustainability and will provide an overview of initiatives designed to fit within the funding guidelines by using existing engine assets and hardware now in testing to meet a first launch by 2017 within the projected budget. It also has a long-range plan to keep the budget flat, yet evolve the 70-tonne (t) initial lift capability to 130-t lift capability after the first two flights. To achieve the evolved configuration, advanced technologies must offer appropriate return on investment to be selected through the competitive process. For context, the SLS will be larger than the Saturn V that took 12 men on 6 trips for a total of 11 days on the lunar surface some 40 years ago. Astronauts train for long-duration voyages on platforms such as the International Space Station, but have not had transportation to go beyond Earth orbit in modern times, until now. To arrive at the launch vehicle concept, the SLS Program conducted internal engineering and business studies that have been externally validated by industry and reviewed by independent assessment panels. In parallel with SLS concept studies, NASA is now refining its mission manifest, guided by U.S. space policy and the Global Exploration Roadmap, which reflects the mutual goals of a dozen member nations. This mission planning will converge with a flexible heavy-lift rocket that can carry international crews and the air, water, food, and equipment they need for extended trips to asteroids and Mars. In addition, the SLS capability will accommodate very large science instruments and other payloads, using a series of modular fairings and adapters to configure the rocket for the mission. The SLS affordability plan includes streamlining interfaces, applying risk-based insight into contracted work, centralizing systems engineering and integration, and nurturing a learning culture where the question Why? is often asked and the answer "Because we've always done it that way" is rarely heard. The SLS Program will deliver affordable space transportation solutions for the Orion Multi-Purpose Cargo Vehicle s first autonomous certification flight in 2017, followed by a crewed flight in 2021. As this briefing will show, the SLS will offer a global infrastructure asset for robotic and human scouts of all nations.

  14. 75 FR 81662 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Affordable...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ...Review; Comment Request; Affordable Care Act Advance Notice of Rescission...request (ICR) titled, ``Affordable Care Act Advance Notice of Rescission...The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (the Affordable Care...

  15. Enabling Dedicated, Affordable Space Access Through Aggressive Technology Maturation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, Jonathan; Kibbey, Tim; Lampton, Pat; Brown, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    A recent explosion in nano-sat, small-sat, and university class payloads has been driven by low cost electronics and sensors, wide component availability, as well as low cost, miniature computational capability and open source code. Increasing numbers of these very small spacecraft are being launched as secondary payloads, dramatically decreasing costs, and allowing greater access to operations and experimentation using actual space flight systems. While manifesting as a secondary payload provides inexpensive rides to orbit, these arrangements also have certain limitations. Small, secondary payloads are typically included with very limited payload accommodations, supported on a non interference basis (to the prime payload), and are delivered to orbital conditions driven by the primary launch customer. Integration of propulsion systems or other hazardous capabilities will further complicate secondary launch arrangements, and accommodation requirements. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Marshall Space Flight Center has begun work on the development of small, low cost launch system concepts that could provide dedicated, affordable launch alternatives to small, risk tolerant university type payloads and spacecraft. These efforts include development of small propulsion systems and highly optimized structural efficiency, utilizing modern advanced manufacturing techniques. This paper outlines the plans and accomplishments of these efforts and investigates opportunities for truly revolutionary reductions in launch and operations costs. Both evolution of existing sounding rocket systems to orbital delivery, and the development of clean sheet, optimized small launch systems are addressed. A launch vehicle at the scale and price point which allows developers to take reasonable risks with new propulsion and avionics hardware solutions does not exist today. Establishing this service provides a ride through the proverbial "valley of death" that lies between demonstration in laboratory and flight environments. This effort will provide the framework to mature both on-orbit and earth-to-orbit avionics and propulsion technologies while also providing dedicated, affordable access to LEO for cubesat class payloads.

  16. Why epidemiologists cannot afford to ignore poverty.

    PubMed

    Krieger, Nancy

    2007-11-01

    Epidemiologists cannot afford to ignore poverty. To do so would, first, wrongly obscure the devastating impact of poverty on population health, and, second, undercut our commitment to scientific rigor. At issue is doing correct science, not "politically correct" science. Blot poverty and inequity from view, and not only will we contribute to making suffering invisible but our understanding of disease etiology and distribution will be marred. To make this case, I address current debates about the causal relationships between poverty and health, and provide examples of how failing to consider the impact of socioeconomic position has biased epidemiologic knowledge and harmed the public's health. By definition, the people we study are simultaneously social beings and biologic organisms-and we cannot study the latter without taking into account the former. It is the responsibility of all epidemiologists, and not only social epidemiologists, to keep in mind the connections between poverty and health. PMID:18049180

  17. Affordable Laser Communication in the Classroom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walker, Constance E.; Sparks, R.; Pompea, S.

    2006-12-01

    Several companies sell systems that illustrate laser communication such as Arbor Scientific1. These systems can be too expensive for classroom use. We will demonstrate a technique to modulate a standard diode laser using a microphone or other sound source that is capable of transmitting voice and music. This affordable system can transmit over 350 feet using simple, inexpensive parts readily available at your local electronics store. We will provide a list of parts necessary for assembly, detailed assembly instructions, as well as some suggested investigations using the laser communication system. This system can be used in the classroom either as a demonstration or hands-on activity to explore the physics and technology involved, citing more sophisticated laser communication systems on board spacecraft such as the Mercury Messenger Mission and the Mars Telecommunications Orbiter. 1http://www.arborsci.com

  18. House OK's Russian aid

    SciTech Connect

    Rothstein, L.

    1993-09-01

    This article discusses the 2.5 Billion dollar aid package to Russia which House Appropriations Foreign Operations Subcommittee Chairman David Obey successfully defended on the House floor last June. Arizona Republican Jon Kyl offered an admendment that would cut 700 million from the package and was defeated with a 118 to 140 vote. The bill is currently in the hands of the Senate. The controversy over the bill and details concerning the aid package are discussed. The aid deal includes 250 million dollars for nuclear reactor safety and energy as well as environmental technical assistance, 655 million dollars to aid private sector development, and 704 million dollars for additional technical and economic assistance.

  19. Ireland House Scotland HouseFrance House

    E-print Network

    Center HR 1 HR 2 HR 3 Powhatan Sports Complex City of Norfolk Football Stadium Lamberts Point Golf Course Facilities Management Powhatan Apartments I Powhatan Apartments II Whitehurst Hall Sailing Center University Residence Soccer Stadium Folkes-Stevens Indoor Tennis Center Child Development Center Canterbury Center

  20. AU FEBRUARY 2012 Open House: The AU Ph. D.

    E-print Network

    AU FEBRUARY 2012 1 OPEN house Open House: The AU Ph. D. House Magazine By Alejandra Zaragoza Scherman Page 2 The AU PhD House Activity Group By Zsuzsanna Sukosd Page 3 The AU PhD House Activity Group By Gitte Haahr-Andersen Page 6 The AU PhD World: Talent Development By Kristian Thorn Page 7/8 The Ph

  1. American Housing Survey for the United States: 1999

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Last Friday, the US Census released their annual American Housing Survey for the United States, which provides up-to-date housing statistics for the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Conducted by field representatives who obtain information from occupants of homes, the survey provides data on "apartments; single-family homes; mobile homes; vacant housing units; age, sex, and race of householders; income; housing and neighborhood quality; housing costs; equipment and fuels; and size of the housing units. The survey also presents data on mortgages, rent control, rent subsidies, previous unit of recent movers, and reasons for moving."

  2. Housing Resources and Programs for Single Student Parents at Community and Technical Colleges. Fact Sheet #C396

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorman, Abby; Otto, Jessica; Gunn-Wright, Rhiana

    2012-01-01

    Parents with dependent children now make up almost one in four students pursuing higher education in the United States (Miller, Gault, and Thorman 2011). Single parents face particular challenges pursuing higher education, including securing safe and affordable housing. Single mothers often must spend over half of their income on housing expenses,…

  3. Land management practices associated with house loss in wildfires.

    PubMed

    Gibbons, Philip; van Bommel, Linda; Gill, A Malcolm; Cary, Geoffrey J; Driscoll, Don A; Bradstock, Ross A; Knight, Emma; Moritz, Max A; Stephens, Scott L; Lindenmayer, David B

    2012-01-01

    Losses to life and property from unplanned fires (wildfires) are forecast to increase because of population growth in peri-urban areas and climate change. In response, there have been moves to increase fuel reduction--clearing, prescribed burning, biomass removal and grazing--to afford greater protection to peri-urban communities in fire-prone regions. But how effective are these measures? Severe wildfires in southern Australia in 2009 presented a rare opportunity to address this question empirically. We predicted that modifying several fuels could theoretically reduce house loss by 76%-97%, which would translate to considerably fewer wildfire-related deaths. However, maximum levels of fuel reduction are unlikely to be feasible at every house for logistical and environmental reasons. Significant fuel variables in a logistic regression model we selected to predict house loss were (in order of decreasing effect): (1) the cover of trees and shrubs within 40 m of houses, (2) whether trees and shrubs within 40 m of houses was predominantly remnant or planted, (3) the upwind distance from houses to groups of trees or shrubs, (4) the upwind distance from houses to public forested land (irrespective of whether it was managed for nature conservation or logging), (5) the upwind distance from houses to prescribed burning within 5 years, and (6) the number of buildings or structures within 40 m of houses. All fuel treatments were more effective if undertaken closer to houses. For example, 15% fewer houses were destroyed if prescribed burning occurred at the observed minimum distance from houses (0.5 km) rather than the observed mean distance from houses (8.5 km). Our results imply that a shift in emphasis away from broad-scale fuel-reduction to intensive fuel treatments close to property will more effectively mitigate impacts from wildfires on peri-urban communities. PMID:22279530

  4. Land Management Practices Associated with House Loss in Wildfires

    PubMed Central

    Gibbons, Philip; van Bommel, Linda; Gill, A. Malcolm; Cary, Geoffrey J.; Driscoll, Don A.; Bradstock, Ross A.; Knight, Emma; Moritz, Max A.; Stephens, Scott L.; Lindenmayer, David B.

    2012-01-01

    Losses to life and property from unplanned fires (wildfires) are forecast to increase because of population growth in peri-urban areas and climate change. In response, there have been moves to increase fuel reduction—clearing, prescribed burning, biomass removal and grazing—to afford greater protection to peri-urban communities in fire-prone regions. But how effective are these measures? Severe wildfires in southern Australia in 2009 presented a rare opportunity to address this question empirically. We predicted that modifying several fuels could theoretically reduce house loss by 76%–97%, which would translate to considerably fewer wildfire-related deaths. However, maximum levels of fuel reduction are unlikely to be feasible at every house for logistical and environmental reasons. Significant fuel variables in a logistic regression model we selected to predict house loss were (in order of decreasing effect): (1) the cover of trees and shrubs within 40 m of houses, (2) whether trees and shrubs within 40 m of houses was predominantly remnant or planted, (3) the upwind distance from houses to groups of trees or shrubs, (4) the upwind distance from houses to public forested land (irrespective of whether it was managed for nature conservation or logging), (5) the upwind distance from houses to prescribed burning within 5 years, and (6) the number of buildings or structures within 40 m of houses. All fuel treatments were more effective if undertaken closer to houses. For example, 15% fewer houses were destroyed if prescribed burning occurred at the observed minimum distance from houses (0.5 km) rather than the observed mean distance from houses (8.5 km). Our results imply that a shift in emphasis away from broad-scale fuel-reduction to intensive fuel treatments close to property will more effectively mitigate impacts from wildfires on peri-urban communities. PMID:22279530

  5. 75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

  6. Development, Validation and Clinical Evaluation of a Low Cost In-House HIV-1 Drug Resistance Genotyping Assay for Indian Patients

    PubMed Central

    Acharya, Arpan; Vaniawala, Salil; Shah, Parth; Misra, Rabindra Nath; Wani, Minal; Mukhopadhyaya, Pratap N.

    2014-01-01

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) drug resistance genotyping assay is a part of clinical management of HIV-1 positive individuals under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Routine monitoring of drug resistance mutations in resource limited settings like India is not possible due to high cost of commercial drug resistance assays. In this study we developed an in-house, cost effective HIV-1 drug resistance genotyping assay for Indian patients and validated it against the US-FDA-approved ViroSeq HIV-1 drug resistance testing system. A reference panel of 20 clinical samples was used to develop and validate the assay against ViroSeq HIV-1 drug resistance testing system which was subsequently used to genotype a clinical panel of 225 samples. The Stanford HIV database was used to identify drug resistant mutations. The analytical sensitivity of the assay was 1000 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml of plasma sample while precision and reproducibility was 99.68±0.16% and 99.76±0.18% respectively. One hundred and one drug resistant mutations were detected by the in-house assay compared to 104 by ViroSeq system in the reference panel. The assay had 91.55% success rate in genotyping the clinical panel samples and was able to detect drug resistant mutations related to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) as well as protease inhibitor (PI) classes of antiretroviral drugs. It was found to be around 71.9% more cost effective compared to ViroSeq genotyping system. This evaluation of the assay on the clinical panel demonstrates its potential for monitoring clinical HIV-1 drug resistance mutations and population-based surveillance in resource limited settings like India. PMID:25157501

  7. Anonymous HIV workplace surveys as an advocacy tool for affordable private health insurance in Namibia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ingrid de Beer; Hannah M Coutinho; Peter J van Wyk; Esegiel Gaeb; Tobias Rinke de Wit; Michčle van Vugt

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: With an estimated adult HIV prevalence of 15%, Namibia is in need of innovative health financing strategies that can alleviate the burden on the public sector. Affordable and private health insurances were recently developed in Namibia, and they include coverage for HIV\\/AIDS. This article reports on the efficacy of HIV workplace surveys as a tool to increase uptake of

  8. Identification of Affordances of a Technology-Rich Teaching and Learning Environment (TRTLE)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Jill P.

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes how a researcher developed task and four different data collection instruments provide evidence for the identification of various affordances of a technology-rich teaching and learning environment (TRTLE) that were perceived and/or enacted by Year 9 students in their solution of a linear function task utilising a graphing…

  9. Affording Explicit-Reflective Science Teaching by Using an Educative Teachers' Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Shu-Fen; Lieu, Sang-Chong; Chen, Sufen; Huang, Mao-Tsai; Chang, Wen-Hua

    2012-01-01

    Although researchers have achieved some success in effective nature of science (NOS) teaching, helping teachers teach NOS continues to be a great challenge. The development of an educative teachers' guide would provide support for NOS teaching. In this study, we explored the effects that a research-based guide had on affording elementary school…

  10. Safety Sustainability and Public Perception of Manufactured Housing in Hot Humid Climates

    E-print Network

    Grosskopf, K. R.; Cutlip, D.

    2006-01-01

    ) in conditioned floor area. In 2002, 22 million Americans, about 8% of the U.S. population, lived in manufactured housing (MHI, 2005). Of the $US 310.6B single-family residential housing market in 2003, approximately 137,700 (10.7%) of dwelling units sold... in the U.S. were manufactured (U.S. Census, 2003). With an average sales price of $US 59,000, the $US 20.1B manufactured housing industry (MHI, 2005) has consistently ranked among the nation’s leading producers of affordable housing to underrepresented...

  11. Performance evaluation of an in-house human immunodeficiency virus type-1 protease-reverse transcriptase genotyping assay in Cameroon.

    PubMed

    Fokam, J; Salpini, R; Santoro, M M; Cento, V; D'Arrigo, R; Gori, C; Perno, C F; Colizzi, V; Nanfack, A; Gwom, L C; Cappelli, G; Takou, D

    2011-07-01

    Most commercial HIV-1 genotyping assays are hampered by high cost in resource-limited settings. Moreover, their performance might be influenced over time by HIV genetic heterogeneity and evolution. An in-house genotyping protocol was developed, and its sequencing performance and reproducibility were compared to that of ViroSeq™. One hundred ninety plasma samples from HIV-1-infected subjects in Cameroon, a resource-limited setting with a high HIV genetic variability, were processed for pol gene sequencing with an in-house protocol, ViroSeq™, or both. Only non-B subtypes were found. The in-house sequencing performance was 98.7% against 92.1% with ViroSeq™. Among 36 sequence pairs obtained using both assays, the overall rate of discordant amino acid positions was negligible (0.24%). With its high sensitivity and reproducibility, as well as its affordable cost (about half of ViroSeq™: 92 euros vs. 217 euros), this in-house assay is a suitable alternative for HIV-1 genotyping in resource-limited and/or in high-genetic-diversity settings. PMID:21465085

  12. Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Health Insurance

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    previously ineligible low-income adults. Second, the state created a health insurance marketplaceImpacts of the Affordable Care Act on Health Insurance Coverage In Oregon Oregon September 2014 #12;2 Impacts of the affordable care act on health Insurance coverage In oregon Executive Summary Between

  13. Can we afford (not) to care: prospects Susan Himmelweit*

    E-print Network

    de Gispert, Adriŕ

    Can we afford (not) to care: prospects and policy Susan Himmelweit* Faculty of Social Sciences Open not cite without author's permission #12;1 Can we afford (not) to care: prospects and policy Susan.f.himmelweit@open.ac.uk Keywords: Care, paid and unpaid labour, productivity, inequality, social norms JEL classifications: I38; J

  14. Affordance Analysis--Matching Learning Tasks with Learning Technologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bower, Matt

    2008-01-01

    This article presents a design methodology for matching learning tasks with learning technologies. First a working definition of "affordances" is provided based on the need to describe the action potentials of the technologies (utility). Categories of affordances are then proposed to provide a framework for analysis. Following this, a methodology…

  15. Classification of Computer Viruses Using the Theory of Affordances

    E-print Network

    Fisher, Michael

    and affordances. Definition 1 A model of a reproductive system consists of: · a labelled transition system (S, A classify a Unix shell script virus in three different ways, depending on the particular reproductive model/or reproductive mechanism -- two essentials for reproduction [7] -- are afforded to the reproducer by an external

  16. The Future of Low-Income Subsidized Housing in Chicago You are invited!

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    The Future of Low-Income Subsidized Housing in Chicago You are invited! FRIDAY NOVEMBER 30th 8:30am includes all subsidized housing: public housing, mixed-income developments, scattered sites, project

  17. 24 CFR 761.5 - Public housing; encouragement of resident participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    For the purposes of the Public Housing Drug Elimination Program, the elimination of drug-related and violent crime within public housing developments requires the active involvement and commitment of public housing residents and their...

  18. 78 FR 53423 - Section 538 Guaranteed Rural Rental Housing Program for Fiscal Year 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-29

    ...Program for Fiscal Year 2013 AGENCY: Rural Housing Service, USDA. ACTION...SUMMARY: The Rural Housing Service (RHS) is amending...the eligible properties to include Rural Development financed Farm Labor Housing...

  19. Exploring Cost-Effective, High Performance Residential Retrofits for Affordable Housing in the Hot Humid Climate 

    E-print Network

    McIlvaine, J.; Sutherland, K.; Chandra, S.; Schleith, K.

    2010-01-01

    Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, San Francisco, Novemeber 1-2, 2007. Accessible at: http://www.fsec.ucf.edu/en/publications/pdf/FS EC-PF-430-07.pdf Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C., and Smith, N. 2010. Climate Change... in the American Mind: Americans? Global Warming Beliefs and Attitudes in June 2010. Yale Project on Climate Change Communication, Yale University and George Mason University, New Haven, CT. Accessible at: http://environment.yale.edu/climate/files/Climat e...

  20. Affordable Housing: What You Need to Know before Buying a Manufactured Home 1

    E-print Network

    to be a cost-effective approach to making home ownership a reality for families. According to Consumer Reports you should know to protect yourself and your investment. Find a reputable dealer by contacting your

  1. Exploring Cost-Effective, High Performance Residential Retrofits for Affordable Housing in the Hot Humid Climate

    E-print Network

    McIlvaine, J.; Sutherland, K.; Chandra, S.; Schleith, K.

    Challenge Quality Criteria (BCQC). The test-out duct leakage met the goal with qn,out of 0.03. ENERGY STAR appliances were installed instead of standard efficiency models. The largest and most costly upgrade involved the water heater. The home... completing test-in audits for approximately twenty homes, researchers used average or worst case infiltration values at the auditor?s discretion. Normalized duct leakage to the outside (qn,out) is determined for each home, which is measurement of duct...

  2. 7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

  3. College Access and Affordability:College Access and Affordability: A National (and Local) ViewA National (and Local) View

    E-print Network

    Heller, Don

    College Access and Affordability:College Access and Affordability: A National (and Local) View E. Heller© 2002, Donald E. Heller 11 Why Worry About College Access?Why Worry About College Access Public $10,367$10,367$1,738$1,738Community CollegeCommunity College COACOATuitionTuitionSectorSector Both

  4. Affordable Space Tourism: SpaceStationSim

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2006-01-01

    For over 5 years, people have been living and working in space on the International Space Station (ISS), a state-of-the-art laboratory complex orbiting high above the Earth. Offering a large, sustained microgravity environment that cannot be duplicated on Earth, the ISS furthers humankind s knowledge of science and how the body functions for extended periods of time in space all of which will prove vital on long-duration missions to Mars. On-orbit construction of the station began in November 1998, with the launch of the Russian Zarya Control Module, which provided battery power and fuel storage. This module was followed by additional components and supplies over the course of several months. In November 2000, the first ISS Expedition crew moved in. Since then, the ISS has continued to change and evolve. The space station is currently 240 feet wide, measured across the solar arrays, and 171 feet long, from the NASA Destiny Laboratory to the Russian Zvezda Habitation Module. It is 90 feet tall, and it weighs approximately 404,000 pounds. Crews inhabit a living space of about 15,000 cubic feet. To date, 90 scientific investigations have been conducted on the space station. New results from space station research, from basic science to exploration research, are being published each month, and more breakthroughs are likely to come. It is not all work on the space station, though. The orbiting home affords many of the comforts one finds on Earth. There is a weightless "weight room" and even a musical keyboard alongside research facilities. Holidays are observed, and with them, traditional foods such as turkey and cobbler are eaten, with lemonade to wash them down

  5. High Altitude and House-dust Mites

    PubMed Central

    Spieksma, F. Th. M.; Zuidema, P.; Leupen, M. J.

    1971-01-01

    House dust from high mountainous areas of Switzerland contains very few house-dust mites. In contrast to lower-lying regions, only very small quantities of house-dust allergen are found at high altitudes. The cause of this phenomenon seems likely to be the climatic conditions in the high mountains of Europe, where cold air leads to extremely low humidity levels indoors. The soil conditions and a type of construction providing good protection against the penetration of water also contribute to dry conditions in houses. These factors prevent the development of large populations of allergen-producing house-dust mites. The beneficial effect of a stay at high altitudes on patients with atopic asthma is probably due to the low concentrations of house-dust allergen. PMID:5539181

  6. Affordable Window Insulation with R-10/inch Rating

    SciTech Connect

    Jenifer Marchesi Redouane Begag; Je Kyun Lee; Danny Ou; Jong Ho Sonn; George Gould; Wendell Rhine

    2004-10-15

    During the performance of contract DE-FC26-00-NT40998, entitled ''Affordable Window Insulation with R-10/inch Value'', research was conducted at Aspen Aerogels, Inc. to develop new transparent aerogel materials suitable for window insulation applications. The project requirements were to develop a formulation or multiple formulations that have high transparency (85-90%) in the visible region, are hydrophobic (will not opacify with exposure to water vapor or liquid), and have at least 2% resiliency (interpreted as recoverable 2% strain and better than 5% strain to failure in compression). Results from an unrelated project showed that silica aerogels covalently bonded to organic polymers exhibit excellent mechanical properties. At the outset of this project, we believed that such a route is the best to improve mechanical properties. We have applied Design of Experiment (DOE) techniques to optimize formulations including both silica aerogels and organically modified silica aerogels (''Ormosils''). We used these DOE results to optimize formulations around the local/global optimization points. This report documents that we succeeded in developing a number of formulations that meet all of the stated criteria. We successfully developed formulations utilizing a two-step approach where the first step involves acid catalyzed hydrolysis and the second step involves base catalyzed condensation to make the gels. The gels were dried using supercritical CO{sub 2} and we were able to make 1 foot x 1 foot x 0.5 inch panels that met the criteria established.

  7. Sustainable construction in Mexican housing markets

    E-print Network

    Jung, Bomee

    2007-01-01

    This thesis examines recent developments in Mexico's housing markets as an example of how sustainable construction is being adapted and applied in developing countries. The recognition that the construction, operation, and ...

  8. Are Americans finding affordable coverage in the health insurance marketplaces? Results from the Commonwealth Fund Affordable Care Act Tracking Survey.

    PubMed

    Rasmussen, Petra W; Collins, Sara R; Doty, Michelle M; Beutel, Sophie

    2014-09-01

    By the end of the first open enrollment period for coverage offered through the Affordable Care Act's marketplaces, increasing numbers of people said they found it easy to find a plan they could afford, according to The Commonwealth Fund's Affordable Care Act Tracking Survey, April-June 2014. Adults with low or moderate incomes were more likely to say it was easy to find an affordable plan than were adults with higher incomes. Adults with low or moderate incomes who purchased a plan through the marketplaces this year have similar premium costs and deductibles as adults in the same income ranges with employer-provided coverage. A majority of adults with marketplace coverage gave high ratings to their insurance and were confident in their ability to afford the care they need when sick. PMID:25265646

  9. Reorganization of the Office of Human Development. Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Select Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Ninety-Fifth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    This document is the official record of hearings held September 8 and 12, 1977, dealing with the reorganization of the Office of Human Development. The hearings were held before the Subcommittee on Select Education of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Education and Labor. Included in these proceedings are statements, prepared…

  10. The BLOOMhouse:Zero Net Energy Housing 

    E-print Network

    Garrison, M.; Krepart, R.; Randall, S.; Novoselac, A.

    2008-01-01

    The 2007 University of Texas Solar Decathlon House is called the BLOOMhouse because it represents the “seed” of new ideas for zero net energy housing. The University of Texas student team developed a prefabricated 7.9 kW stand-alone solar...

  11. Faculty Housing Assistance: A Model for Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mertens, Cynthia A.; Beaudoin, Ralph H.

    1993-01-01

    Santa Clara University (California), located where housing costs are high, has developed a faculty housing assistance program to retain faculty. It consists of a shared appreciation mortgage loan, a low interest down payment loan program, and a rental stipend program to give tenure-track faculty an opportunity to save for home purchase. (MSE)

  12. An Object Oriented Extensible Architecture for Affordable Aerospace Propulsion Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Follen, Gregory J.; Lytle, John K. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    Driven by a need to explore and develop propulsion systems that exceeded current computing capabilities, NASA Glenn embarked on a novel strategy leading to the development of an architecture that enables propulsion simulations never thought possible before. Full engine 3 Dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamic propulsion system simulations were deemed impossible due to the impracticality of the hardware and software computing systems required. However, with a software paradigm shift and an embracing of parallel and distributed processing, an architecture was designed to meet the needs of future propulsion system modeling. The author suggests that the architecture designed at the NASA Glenn Research Center for propulsion system modeling has potential for impacting the direction of development of affordable weapons systems currently under consideration by the Applied Vehicle Technology Panel (AVT). This paper discusses the salient features of the NPSS Architecture including its interface layer, object layer, implementation for accessing legacy codes, numerical zooming infrastructure and its computing layer. The computing layer focuses on the use and deployment of these propulsion simulations on parallel and distributed computing platforms which has been the focus of NASA Ames. Additional features of the object oriented architecture that support MultiDisciplinary (MD) Coupling, computer aided design (CAD) access and MD coupling objects will be discussed. Included will be a discussion of the successes, challenges and benefits of implementing this architecture.

  13. 100% petroleum house

    E-print Network

    Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

    2013-01-01

    I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

  14. Houses undergoing psychoanalysis :

    E-print Network

    Palmon, Ruth, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to explore the relationship between the self and the house. In approaching the subject, my assumptions were that the basic condition of the house-self relationship is of tension and animosity ...

  15. Insulator for laser housing

    DOEpatents

    Duncan, David B. (Auburn, CA)

    1992-01-01

    The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member.

  16. Traditional Housing Demand Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harry J. F. M. Boumeester

    \\u000a This chapter starts with a description of general research into housing preferences. Next, the procedure for the move from\\u000a measuring housing preferences to housing demand research is explained. Furthermore, a state of the art of studies that have\\u000a applied the transverse, or cross-sectional, approach in the analysis of housing demand is provided. In the final section,\\u000a an example of a

  17. Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado

    SciTech Connect

    Dean, J.; Van Geet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

    2012-04-01

    This abbreviated report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project.

  18. DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF MONITORING METHODS FOR POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN HOUSE DUST AND TRACK-IN SOIL

    EPA Science Inventory

    The analytical methods were developed for the determination of PAH and PCBs in the dust and soil based on sonication with hexane and 10% ether/hexane, respectively, and analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). uantitative recoveries of spiked perdeuterated PAH an...

  19. Housing 2020: The future of wood in U.S. dwellings

    SciTech Connect

    Wendt, R.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Energy Div.

    1994-12-31

    This paper presented at the International Panel and Engineered-Wood Technology Exposition examines the effect that reduced material resources, energy conservation, manufactured dwellings, and construction techniques have had on the use of wood in the housing industry. The topics of the paper include the impact of the energy crisis, financing and affordability crisis, lumber crisis, and a forecast of what the house of the year 2020 will look like, how it will be constructed and of what material will it be constructed.

  20. Biosignal PI, an Affordable Open-Source ECG and Respiration Measurement System

    PubMed Central

    Abtahi, Farhad; Snäll, Jonatan; Aslamy, Benjamin; Abtahi, Shirin; Seoane, Fernando; Lindecrantz, Kaj

    2015-01-01

    Bioimedical pilot projects e.g., telemedicine, homecare, animal and human trials usually involve several physiological measurements. Technical development of these projects is time consuming and in particular costly. A versatile but affordable biosignal measurement platform can help to reduce time and risk while keeping the focus on the important goal and making an efficient use of resources. In this work, an affordable and open source platform for development of physiological signals is proposed. As a first step an 8–12 leads electrocardiogram (ECG) and respiration monitoring system is developed. Chips based on iCoupler technology have been used to achieve electrical isolation as required by IEC 60601 for patient safety. The result shows the potential of this platform as a base for prototyping compact, affordable, and medically safe measurement systems. Further work involves both hardware and software development to develop modules. These modules may require development of front-ends for other biosignals or just collect data wirelessly from different devices e.g., blood pressure, weight, bioimpedance spectrum, blood glucose, e.g., through Bluetooth. All design and development documents, files and source codes will be available for non-commercial use through project website, BiosignalPI.org. PMID:25545268

  1. HOUSING GUARANTEE Apply Online

    E-print Network

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    . Housing Costs Costs for on-campus housing depend on the community, room/apartment type, contract length ­ Freshmen 201415 Total Cost Mesa Court / Middle Earth Special interest theme halls. Single, double campus. Dining commons are located in the Mesa Court and Middle Earth housing communities, and meal plans

  2. The Hispanic Housing Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolbeare, Cushing N.; Canales, Judith A.

    This report examines the housing characteristics and needs of Hispanic households in the United States, drawing on information from the 1980 Census and the 1983 Annual Housing Survey. Among the conclusions are the following: (1) housing quality is a major problem for more than one in six Hispanic families; (2) among Hispanic subgroups, Puerto…

  3. Housing And Welfare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Irene Rochlitz

    The way a cat is housed will have a significant impact on its welfare. The range of housing conditions in which cats may be kept include boarding, breeding and quarantine catteries, shelters, research facilities, veterinary practices and the home. Drawing on ethological principles, the evolutionary history of the cat and studies of cats kept in different conditions, the housing requirements

  4. Hartford Ave. Public Housing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chet Smolski

    1985-01-01

    The working class housing of the Hartford neighborhood was destroyed when the Route 6 connector was built to alleviate traffic in Olneyville Square. Low-income housing (Hartoford Park Public Housing Project seen here) was built on Corbusian principles of the Radiant City (1935). The mills behind the Atlantic Furniture Mills were demolished and the land is currently Woonasquatucket River Greenway which

  5. House of Commons Defence Committee

    E-print Network

    Schrijver, Karel

    weather 10 The probability 11 Potential impact on electronic infrastructure 11 High Altitude Nuclear EMP Weapons (HEMP) 13 The EMP components 14 Practical experience 15 Potential impact on electronicHC 1552 House of Commons Defence Committee Developing Threats: Electro-Magnetic Pulses (EMP) Tenth

  6. Enabling affordable and efficiently deployed location based smart home systems.

    PubMed

    Kelly, Damian; McLoone, Sean; Dishongh, Terry

    2009-01-01

    With the obvious eldercare capabilities of smart environments it is a question of "when", rather than "if", these technologies will be routinely integrated into the design of future houses. In the meantime, health monitoring applications must be integrated into already complete home environments. However, there is significant effort involved in installing the hardware necessary to monitor the movements of an elder throughout an environment. Our work seeks to address the high infrastructure requirements of traditional location-based smart home systems by developing an extremely low infrastructure localisation technique. A study of the most efficient method of obtaining calibration data for an environment is conducted and different mobile devices are compared for localisation accuracy and cost trade-off. It is believed that these developments will contribute towards more efficiently deployed location-based smart home systems. PMID:19641259

  7. Women Leaders in Oxford House

    PubMed Central

    Timpo, Phyllis; Price, Temple; Salina, Doreen; Witek, Caroline; Pommer, Nicole; Jason, Leonard A.

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study examined women assuming leadership roles in Oxford Houses, which are communal, democratically run recovery settings for substance use disorder. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 women Oxford House leaders who shared their thoughts and experiences on leadership. Several themes emerged from qualitative data analysis, most notably that stepping up and accepting a leadership role in Oxford House had a positive effect on self-esteem, which is vital to women with a history of substance abuse. Barriers to leadership were also identified such as negative interpersonal relationships with other women. A number of methods mentioned to increase the number of women leaders included: developing workshops, providing positive encouragement, and accessing existing female role models. The implications of this study are discussed. PMID:25419529

  8. Affordable multisensor digital video architecture for 360° situational awareness displays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scheiner, Steven P.; Khan, Dina A.; Marecki, Alexander L.; Berman, David A.; Carberry, Dana

    2011-06-01

    One of the major challenges facing today's military ground combat vehicle operations is the ability to achieve and maintain full-spectrum situational awareness while under armor (i.e. closed hatch). Thus, the ability to perform basic tasks such as driving, maintaining local situational awareness, surveillance, and targeting will require a high-density array of real time information be processed, distributed, and presented to the vehicle operators and crew in near real time (i.e. low latency). Advances in display and sensor technologies are providing never before seen opportunities to supply large amounts of high fidelity imagery and video to the vehicle operators and crew in real time. To fully realize the advantages of these emerging display and sensor technologies, an underlying digital architecture must be developed that is capable of processing these large amounts of video and data from separate sensor systems and distributing it simultaneously within the vehicle to multiple vehicle operators and crew. This paper will examine the systems and software engineering efforts required to overcome these challenges and will address development of an affordable, integrated digital video architecture. The approaches evaluated will enable both current and future ground combat vehicle systems the flexibility to readily adopt emerging display and sensor technologies, while optimizing the Warfighter Machine Interface (WMI), minimizing lifecycle costs, and improve the survivability of the vehicle crew working in closed-hatch systems during complex ground combat operations.

  9. Strategies for affordable human Moon and Mars exploration

    E-print Network

    Wooster, Paul Douglas

    2007-01-01

    The U.S. Vision for Space Exploration calls for NASA to undertake human exploration of the Moon and Mars. This endeavor must be performed in an affordable manner in order to be successful. This thesis outlines a series of ...

  10. Reasoning about Object Affordances in a Knowledge Base Representation

    E-print Network

    Li, Fei-Fei

    .g. in skeleton form) and (3) a relative position of the object with respect to the human pose (e.g. next to Affordances in a Knowledge Base Representation 409 apple pear avocado edible basketball round rollable fruit

  11. The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change

    E-print Network

    Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

    1983-01-01

    This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

  12. 75 FR 77002 - Proposed Extension of Information Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment; Affordable...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-10

    ...Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment; Affordable Care Act Internal Claims and Appeals and External Review...regulations under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Affordable Care Act) that are discussed below. A...

  13. 76 FR 11283 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Affordable...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-01

    ...Review; Comment Request; Affordable Care Act Internal Claims and Appeals...request (ICR) titled, ``Affordable Care Act Internal Claims and Appeals...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Affordable Care Act added Public Health...

  14. 76 FR 4377 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Affordable...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ...Review; Comment Request; Affordable Care Act Enrollment Opportunity Notice...request (ICR) titled, ``Affordable Care Act Enrollment Opportunity Notice...the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act requires group health...

  15. 77 FR 31513 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Establishment of Exchanges and Qualified Health Plans...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-29

    ...0938-AQ67 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Establishment of Exchanges...Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Establishment of Exchanges...of section 1413(c) of the Affordable Care Act. To align the cross...

  16. 78 FR 54069 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange, SHOP, and Eligibility...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-30

    ...al. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange, SHOP...0938-AR82 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange, SHOP...of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education...

  17. 78 FR 42823 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Exchange Functions: Standards for Navigators and Non...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ...Part 155 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Exchange Functions: Standards for...0938-AR04 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Exchange Functions: Standards for...provisions of title I of the Affordable Care Act; adds entities with...

  18. 78 FR 37031 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange, SHOP, Premium...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-19

    ...al. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange, SHOP...0938-AR82 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange, SHOP...of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act as amended by the Health Care and...

  19. 78 FR 65045 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange, Premium Stabilization...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ...al. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange, Premium...0938-AR74 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Program Integrity: Exchange, Premium...of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education...

  20. Development and in house validation of a new thermogravimetric method for water content analysis in soft brown sugar.

    PubMed

    Ducat, Giseli; Felsner, Maria L; da Costa Neto, Pedro R; Quináia, Sueli P

    2015-06-15

    Recently the use of brown sugar has increased due to its nutritional characteristics, thus requiring a more rigid quality control. The development of a method for water content analysis in soft brown sugar is carried out for the first time by TG/DTA with application of different statistical tests. The results of the optimization study suggest that heating rates of 5°C min(-1) and an alumina sample holder improve the efficiency of the drying process. The validation study showed that thermo gravimetry presents good accuracy and precision for water content analysis in soft brown sugar samples. This technique offers advantages over other analytical methods as it does not use toxic and costly reagents or solvents, it does not need any sample preparation, and it allows the identification of the temperature at which water is completely eliminated in relation to other volatile degradation products. This is an important advantage over the official method (loss on drying). PMID:25660872

  1. Migrant Family Housing Center. Annual Operational Summary, January - December 1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Employment Development, Sacramento. Migrant Services Section.

    The Employment Development Department's Migrant Services Section provides temporary housing at reasonable cost for migrant farmworkers and their families. The Office of Migrant Services contracts with agencies of local government to manage programs of housing construction, operation and maintenance. Since 1965 migrant housing projects have been…

  2. Development of affordable technologies for large X-ray simulators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth D. Ware; Richard L. Gullickson; Joan Ma Pierre; Ralph F. Schneider; Ihor M. Vitkovitsky

    2000-01-01

    Nuclear weapons effects simulators are large pulsed power installations for generating intense X-ray fluxes, which are used in testing the susceptibility and hardening of military systems in the radiation environment. These simulators are expensive because of the requirement for very high power pulsed output to drive radiation loads that can provide the necessary spectral and temporal characteristics of the X-radiation

  3. AFFORDABLE, SUSTAINABLE SOLAR ENERGY HEATER FOR THE DEVELOPING WORLD

    EPA Science Inventory

    The proposed research project question is: ?What is an optimum, low-cost, and sustainable system for basic home water heating in underdeveloped areas of the planet?? In the United States, the availability of hot water is taken for granted. A knob is turned and hot water appea...

  4. Stable and variable affordances are both automatic and flexible

    PubMed Central

    Borghi, Anna M.; Riggio, Lucia

    2015-01-01

    The mere observation of pictures or words referring to manipulable objects is sufficient to evoke their affordances since objects and their nouns elicit components of appropriate motor programs associated with object interaction. While nobody doubts that objects actually evoke motor information, the degree of automaticity of this activation has been recently disputed. Recent evidence has indeed revealed that affordances activation is flexibly modulated by the task and by the physical and social context. It is therefore crucial to understand whether these results challenge previous evidence showing that motor information is activated independently from the task. The context and the task can indeed act as an early or late filter. We will review recent data consistent with the notion that objects automatically elicit multiple affordances and that top-down processes select among them probably inhibiting motor information that is not consistent with behavior goals. We will therefore argue that automaticity and flexibility of affordances are not in conflict. We will also discuss how language can incorporate affordances showing similarities, but also differences, between the motor information elicited by vision and language. Finally we will show how the distinction between stable and variable affordances can accommodate all these effects.

  5. Consumption Along the Life Cycle: How Difierent Is Housing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fang Yang

    2005-01-01

    ABSTRACT Micro data over the life cycle shows two different patterns of consumption,of housing and non-housing goods: the consumption,profile of non-housing goods is hump-shaped,while the consumption,profile for housing first increases monotonically and then flattens out. This paper develops a rich, quan- titative, dynamic general equilibrium model of life cycle behavior, which generates consumption profiles consistent with the observed,data. Borrowing,constraints are

  6. Availability, prices and affordability of essential medicines in Haiti

    PubMed Central

    Chahal, Harinder Singh; St. Fort, Nazaire; Bero, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    Background Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and faces numerous challenges, including inadequate medication access for its residents. The objective of this study was to determine the availability, prices, and affordability of essential medicines in Haiti and compare these findings to other countries. Methods We conducted a cross–sectional nationwide survey in 2011 of availability and consumer prices of 60 essential medicines in Haiti using a standardized methodology developed by the World Health Organization and Health Action International. The survey was conducted in 163 medicine outlets in four health care sectors (public, retail, nonprofit and mixed sectors). Medicine prices were expressed as ratios relative to the International Reference Price. Affordability was calculated by comparing the costs of treatment for common conditions with the salary of the lowest paid government worker and was compared to available data from four Latin American countries. Results For generic medicines, the availability in public, retail, nonprofit and mixed sectors was 20%, 37%, 24% and 23% of medications, respectively. Most of the available medicines were priced higher than the International Reference Price. The lowest paid government worker would need 2.5 days’ wages to treat an adult respiratory infection with generic medicines from the public sector. For treatment of common conditions with originator brands (OB) purchased from a retail pharmacy, costs were between 1.4 (anaerobic bacterial infection) and 13.7 (hyperlipidemia) days’ wages, respectively. Treatment of pediatric bacterial infections with the OB of ceftriaxone from a retail pharmacy would cost 24.6 days’ wages. Prices in Bolivia, Colombia, Mexico and Nicaragua were frequently lower for comparable medications. Conclusions The availability of essential medicines was low and prices varied widely across all four sectors. Over 75% of Haitians live on less than US$ 2.00 /day; therefore, most medication regimens are largely unaffordable. Inclusion of essential medications on the national formulary and working with organizations responsible for importing medications into Haiti, particularly drug donation agencies, are important first steps to increasing medication access. PMID:24363923

  7. WINTER 2012 COMMON GROUND PAGE 7 A Fair Housing and Equity Assessment for the Twin Cities

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    resource and policy decisions that affect low-income people and people of color are made without). The FHEA will identify ways to connect low-income communities and communities of color to opportunity and regional policy could connect people to jobs, affordable housing, health care facilities and more

  8. The Residence GuideA GUIDE TO STANDARDS, EXPECTATIONS & SUPPORTS IN RESIDENCE Student Housing & Residence Life

    E-print Network

    Boonstra, Rudy

    The Residence GuideA GUIDE TO STANDARDS, EXPECTATIONS & SUPPORTS IN RESIDENCE Student Housing & Residence Life Residence Centre 1265 Military Trail Toronto, ON M1C 1A4 Telephone: 416-287-7365 Email;3 Residence Life reaches beyond having a safe, affordable, comfortable place to live on campus. Our on campus

  9. Cultivar evaluation for hoop house grown onions

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Oklahoma onions are produced for the fresh market using a combination of short and intermediate day cultivars. Recently developed hoop house transplant production techniques enable local production of cultivars not available as transplants elsewhere. Several new intermediate cultivars have product...

  10. Redefining the edge : housing on Chicago's waterfront

    E-print Network

    Montalto, Anthony Olindo

    1995-01-01

    This thesis proposes an approach to the design of urban housing which uses the public realm to reconcile the various desires of the city for continuous, accessible fabric, the developer for property value raising enhancements, ...

  11. An alternative approach for low income housing in Algeria : housing cooperative

    E-print Network

    Khellaf, Assia

    1983-01-01

    The population which suffers most directly from deficit in housing, in developing countries are the low income populations. Why has the problem been allowed to develop, and why have solutions been not forthcoming? There ...

  12. Where are we now: assessing the price, availability and affordability of essential medicines in Delhi as India plans free medicine for all

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Inequitable access to medicines is a major weakness in the Indian health care system. Baseline data needed to develop effective public health policy and provide equitable access to essential medicines. The present survey was conducted to investigate the price, availability, and affordability of fifty essential medicines in the public and private sector in Delhi, India using standardized WHO/HAI methodology. Methods Data on procurement price and availability was collected (July-October 2011) from three public healthcare providers: the federal (central) government, state government and Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD). Data on price and availability of medicines was collected from private retail and chain pharmacies of a leading corporate house. Prices were compared to an international reference price (expressed as median price ratio-MPR). Results The procurement price of surveyed medicines was 0.53-0.82 times the international reference price-IRP. However, the overall mean availability of surveyed medicines in facilities under state government and MCD was 41.3% and 23.2%, respectively. The overall mean availability of medicines in three tertiary care facilities operated by the federal government was 49.3%. Availability of generic medicines was much higher in the private sector. Off-patented medicines, like diazepam, diclofenac, and doxycycline had the highest MPRs. The price ratio between procurement and retail was as high as 28 (range 11–28) for certain medicines. Seven-day treatment with a popular brand of amoxicillin+clavulanic acid or one inhaler each of budesonide and salbutamol cost 2.3 and 1.4 days’ wages for the lowest paid government worker. A majority of India’s population cannot afford these prices. Conclusions This study revealed that procurement prices of surveyed medicines were reasonable in comparison to IRP. However, variation in procurement prices of certain medicines by different public procurement agencies was noted. Availability of medicines was very poor in public sector facilities, which are the primary source of free medicines for a majority of India’s low-income population. Availability of medicines is better in private retail pharmacies but affordability remains a big challenge for a majority of the population. These data have significant policy implications that could help in amending policies to increase the access to essential medicines for India’s population. PMID:23885985

  13. Improved poultry house

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    1983-01-01

    The relationship of energy and poultry production was explored in three areas: methane production from litter, broiler house insulation, and broiler house HVAC systems. The findings show that while a methane plant would not be popular with individual American poultry producers; the pay back in fuel and fertilizer, if the plant was located in close proximinity to the processing plant, would be favorable. Broiler house insulation has been dramatically improved since the outset of this study. Presently, all new installations in the survey area are the Environmental houses which are fully insulated. HVAC systems have had to keep pace with the introduction of better insulation. The new Environmental houses HVAC systems are fully automated and operating on a positive atmosphere principal. Ammonia and other problems have been kept in check while reducing air changes per house from a high of 7 per hour to as little as 3 per hour.

  14. Family practice house officer perceptions of faculty teaching behaviors.

    PubMed

    Jolissaint, J G; Blount, B W

    1997-11-01

    In 1985, Wolverton and Bosworth published an often referenced study of family practice teaching behaviors. Their research identified 20 "most helpful" and 10 "least helpful" behaviors. In 1994 all United States Army family practice house officers were asked by survey to rate each of the original 38 Wolverton and Bosworth teaching behaviors as "not at all helpful," "somewhat helpful," "moderately helpful," "very helpful," or "most helpful" in aiding their learning. Mean values were calculated for each teaching behavior. Twenty most helpful and 10 least helpful faculty teaching behaviors were identified for U.S. Army family practice house officers; several differences were identified in comparison with Wolverton and Bosworth's original study. Additionally, three most helpful and four least helpful teaching behaviors were clearly illuminated. Incorporating the results of this new study into residency programs could improve the learning opportunities afforded family practice house officers during their internships and residencies. PMID:9358718

  15. Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments: A Case Study on the Creation of a New Residential Financing Model and Low-Income Resident Job Training Program, September 2011 (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Dean, J.; Smith-Dreier, C.; Mekonnen, G.; Hawthorne, W.

    2011-09-01

    This case study covers the process of successfully integrating photovoltaic (PV) systems into a low-income housing development in northeast Denver, Colorado, focusing specifically on a new financing model and job training. The Northeast Denver Housing Center (NDHC), working in cooperation with Del Norte Neighborhood Development Corporation, Groundwork Denver, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), was able to finance the PV system installations by blending private equity funding with utility rebates, federal tax credits, and public sector funding. A grant provided by the Governor's Energy Office allowed for the creation of the new financing model. In addition, the program incorporated an innovative low-income job training program and an energy conservation incentive program.

  16. 77 FR 37252 - Delegations of Authority for the Office of Housing-Federal Housing Administration (FHA...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-20

    ...DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5557-D-08] Delegations of Authority for the Office of Housing...issued an up-to-date comprehensive delegation of authority for single family housing...which appeared in the comprehensive delegations of authority published on October...

  17. 41 CFR 102-75.565 - Is the requirement for self-help housing or housing assistance use of the property by an eligible...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...assignment recommendation from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)? 102-75.565 Section 102-75...assignment recommendation from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)? Yes, the requirement for...

  18. 41 CFR 102-75.565 - Is the requirement for self-help housing or housing assistance use of the property by an eligible...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...assignment recommendation from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)? 102-75.565 Section 102-75...assignment recommendation from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)? Yes, the requirement for...

  19. 41 CFR 102-75.565 - Is the requirement for self-help housing or housing assistance use of the property by an eligible...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...assignment recommendation from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)? 102-75.565 Section 102-75...assignment recommendation from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)? Yes, the requirement for...

  20. NASA Tech House

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    The NASA Technology Utilization House, called Tech House, was designed and constructed at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, to demonstrate new technology that is available or will be available in the next several years and how the application of aerospace technology could help advance the homebuilding industry. Solar energy use, energy and water conservation, safety, security, and cost were major considerations in adapting the aerospace technology to the construction of Tech House.

  1. Development and in-house validation of an allergen-specific ELISA for quantification of Bet v 4 in diagnostic and therapeutic birch allergen products.

    PubMed

    Dehus, Oliver; Zimmer, Julia; Döring, Sascha; Führer, Frank; Hanschmann, Kay-Martin; Holzhauser, Thomas; Neske, Florian; Strecker, Daniel; Trösemeier, Jan-Hendrik; Vieths, Stefan; Kaul, Susanne

    2015-02-01

    Birch (Betula) pollen is a major cause of allergy in northern and central Europe. The allergenic potency of products for diagnosis and therapy of birch pollen allergy is adjusted nearly exclusively to the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1. Although every fifth patient is additionally sensitized to Bet v 4, both content and variability of this minor allergen in birch allergen products remain unclear due to a lack of simple and cost-effective quantitative methods. This study aimed to develop and in-house validate the first Bet v 4-specific sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Based on a murine monoclonal antibody in combination with a polyclonal rabbit antiserum, the ELISA proved to be highly sensitive, with a lower limit of quantification of 30 pg/ml Bet v 4. After confirmation of satisfactory accuracy, reproducibility, and robustness, the ELISA was utilized to quantify Bet v 4 in 30 authorized birch allergen products. The allergen was detected in all samples tested, ranging from 0.2 to 4.4 ?g/ml. No significant correlation of Bet v 4 was found with the respective amount of Bet v 1. In contrast to Bet v 1, also no correlation of Bet v 4 with total protein content or total allergenic activity could be observed. Thus, it seems presently unfeasible to base birch allergen product standardization additionally on Bet v 4. In light of these results, the continuous monitoring of Bet v 4 in birch allergen products with the presented ELISA will provide a basis for the understanding of the clinical relevance of minor allergens. PMID:25572690

  2. Contextual Affordances of Rural Appalachian Individuals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Sara Lynne Rieder

    2008-01-01

    Vocational psychology has recently begun examining the career development of marginalized and underrepresented populations. Social cognitive career theory provides a theoretical understanding of how cultural differences, resources, and barriers may affect the vocational choices and actions of individuals from minority populations. Contextual…

  3. South Africa and the affordable bomb

    SciTech Connect

    Albright, D. [Institute for Science and International Security, Washington, DC (United States)

    1994-07-01

    F.W. de Klerk`s announcement in March 1993 that South Africa has secretly developed a small nuclear arsenal, and junked it, was starting in its candor. The bedrock question is why South Africa developed and built seven fission weapons in the first place. The scientists, engineers, and policy-makers claim that weapons were never intended for military use or integration into the country`s military forces. Instead they claim that the strategy was bombs for political purposes. The strategy was designed to bring Western governments to South Africa`s aid in the event of an over-whelming attack by Soviet inspired military forces then in southern Africa. Shortly after de Klerk became president in 1989, the ordered a halt to the nuclear weapons program in anticipation of acceding to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). On July 10, 1991, South Africa became a member of the NPT. The program developing the seven nuclear weapons is discussed in some detail for various phases of the project. 13 refs.

  4. How can states provide affordable pharmaceuticals to the underserved?

    PubMed

    Zara, Jane

    2006-11-01

    Advocates of drug price restrictions in the U.S. argue that pharmaceutical companies operate in an unregulated market, free to charge whatever price the market will bear. The pharmaceutical industry insists that these large profits are justified for investments toward discovering new life saving medicines. As innovation wanes, marketing costs soar, and drug profits rise, public interest advocates and state leaders are challenging this justification. This article examines current problems associated with the ability to procure affordable medicines, and examines mounting tensions between the federal government and the states, particularly regarding the states' ability to negotiate lower prices with drug manufacturers in light of the recent Medicare changes. It provides a brief survey of efforts underway to secure affordable pharmaceuticals for state's residents, addressing the history and feasibility of using compulsory licensing for producing affordable life-saving drugs with respect to public health, constitutional, eminent domain, and anti-trust issues. PMID:17242532

  5. The Affordable Care Act: The Value of Systemic Disruption

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    It is important to recognize the political and policy accomplishments of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), anticipate its limitations, and use the levers it provides strategically to address the problems it does not resolve. Passage of the ACA broke the political logjam that long stymied national progress toward equitable, quality, universal, affordable health care. It extends coverage for the uninsured who are disproportionately low income and people of color, curbs health insurance abuses, and initiates improvements in the quality of care. However, challenges to affordability and cost control persist. Public health advocates should mobilize for coverage for abortion care and for immigrants, encourage public-sector involvement in negotiating health care prices, and counter disinformation by opponents on the right. PMID:23409911

  6. 1. HOUSE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST, SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. HOUSE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST, SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE ARE IN THE BACKGROUND - Kiel Farmstead, House, East side State Route 4, one half mile south of U.S. Route 64, Mascoutah, St. Clair County, IL

  7. Affordable Insurance Is a National Priority In 2010, the federal government

    E-print Network

    Su, Xiao

    -- the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Affordable Care Act) -- to increase the number of Americans, the Affordable Care Act included a requirement that states either set up their own marketplace for people to buy wants millions of Californians to get affordable health care coverage. With more Californians covered

  8. SIU Student Health Initiative Working for quality and affordable student heath care at Southern.

    E-print Network

    Nickrent, Daniel L.

    . Fact Sheet 1. Students want health coverage that is fully compliant with the Affordable Care Act (ACASIU Student Health Initiative Working for quality and affordable student heath care at Southern even if they could afford it. 8. As students are having more difficulty finding affordable health care

  9. What does the Affordable Care Act mean for nursing?

    PubMed

    Luther, Brenda; Hart, Sara

    2014-01-01

    Nurses are ethically bound to engage in efforts of improving health and healthcare delivery and, even more important, nurses recently have been called out as key leaders in the reform of healthcare delivery, including many components of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, its history, and what healthcare will look like during and after implementation are addressed in this article. A discussion of the role and value of nurses in healthcare reform accompanies knowledge-building and action-oriented resources available to nurses and clients. PMID:25401200

  10. 23. SOUTH FACADE, FACING RIVER, HOUSES ON SILK STOCKING ROW, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. SOUTH FACADE, FACING RIVER, HOUSES ON SILK STOCKING ROW, NEWHALEM, 1990. - Skagit Power Development, Skagit River & Newhalem Creek Hydroelectric Project, On Skagit River, Newhalem, Whatcom County, WA

  11. Polyimide Based Nanocomposites for Affordable Space Transport

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dean, Derrick; Islam, Mohsina; Small, Sharee; Aldridge, Brandon; Campbell, Sandra G. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    In setting forth its strategic plan, NASA has indicated that low-cost access to space is the key to unleashing the commercial potential of space and greatly expanding space research and exploration. The development of advanced materials will be an enabling technology for this quest for low-cost space access. In this research program, we are attempting to address the need for new advanced materials by developing high-performance nanodispersed inorganic/organic and organic/organic polyimide composites utilizing specific interactions. Our goal is to systematically manipulate these interactions and investigate the resulting processing morphology-property relationships. Specifically, we will investigate three main parameters on these relationships. These include (1) the type of polyimide; (2) the structure of the inorganic nanoparticle being used; and (3) manipulation of the interfacial energy. During the first year of this effort, we have demonstrated the successful synthesis of PMR-15/layered silicate nanocomposites. Morphological studies indicate that exfoliated structures were obtained in most instances, with a mixture of exfoliated and intercalated structures being observed also. Significant enhancements of the onset of decomposition were obtained by varying the strength of the interaction between the nanoparticle and the polymer. Varying the amount of a specific nanoparticle also affected the decomposition temperatures. A slight catalytic effect of the nanoparticles on both the imidization and crosslinking reaction has been observed and will be presented. In addition, incorporation of the nanoparticles was found to increase the glass transition temperature and slightly broaden the breadth of this relaxation.

  12. Direct Placement Versus Multistage Models of Supported Housing in a Population of Veterans Who Are Homeless

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria J. O’Connell; Wesley Kasprow; Robert Rosenheck

    2009-01-01

    This study presents information about two models of supported housing when combined with ready access to rent subsidies: a direct placement approach (where individuals are placed directly into independent housing from homelessness), and a multistage continuum approach (where individuals are placed first into a residential setting prior to independent housing). Using observational data from the national Housing and Urban Development–Veterans

  13. What residents value in low-cost housing schemes: some South African concepts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian Jay; Paul Bowen

    2011-01-01

    What are the significant design aspects of low-cost housing from a value analysis perspective? South Africa has made housing a cornerstone of its social development policies, but there is significant dissatisfaction expressed by the residents of the housing schemes built to date. To address this, a small survey was undertaken to identify what established (existing) residents of low-cost housing in

  14. Housing consumption in urban China: a comparative study of Beijing and Guangzhou

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Si-ming Li

    2000-01-01

    The Chinese government has made repeated attempts to end the so-called welfare provision of housing so as to reduce the burden on the state and the individual work units. Development companies have been set up to undertake housing construction and the housing units sold as commodities; these are referred to as 'commodity housing'. The author conducts a comparative study of

  15. Housing Reform and its Impacts on the Urban Poor in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ya Ping Wang

    2000-01-01

    Housing provision in Chinese cities has experienced many changes since 1979 when the country embarked on major economic reform. During the late 1980s and the 1990s many publicly owned houses were sold to their existing tenants or other public sector employees. Large numbers of new houses were built by commercial property developers for the emerging urban housing market. As a

  16. Efficacy of novaluron as a feed-through for control of immature horn flies, house flies, and stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) developing in cow manure

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Two rates (0.4 mg/kg body wt/day and 0.6 mg/kg body wt/day) of a daily feed-through formulation of novaluron (Novaluron 0.67% AI Cattle Mix), a newer benzoylphenyl urea insecticide, were evaluated for efficacy in controlling the larval stage of horn flies, Haematobia irritans (L.), house flies, Musc...

  17. Caribbean House Nicole Meadows

    E-print Network

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    1 Caribbean House Nicole Meadows OVERVIEW The Caribbean House is a program that will educate UVM students and the community around them on the different cultures within the Caribbean. Throughout that embodies the Caribbean. This program welcomes all individuals of different backgrounds, cultures

  18. Multiple pump housing

    SciTech Connect

    Donoho, II, Michael R. (Edelstein, IL); Elliott, Christopher M. (Metamora, IL)

    2010-03-23

    A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

  19. A Functional Housing Market

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    High school teacher Susan Boone asks students to complete mathematical problems on housing prices using the Internet at the Functional Housing Market lesson site. Detailed instructions are provided, and a collection of real estate links from Houston, TX and beyond gives students a sense of real estate information on the Web.

  20. Energy Servers Deliver Clean, Affordable Power

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2010-01-01

    K.R. Sridhar developed a fuel cell device for Ames Research Center, that could use solar power to split water into oxygen for breathing and hydrogen for fuel on Mars. Sridhar saw the potential of the technology, when reversed, to create clean energy on Earth. He founded Bloom Energy, of Sunnyvale, California, to advance the technology. Today, the Bloom Energy Server is providing cost-effective, environmentally friendly energy to a host of companies such as eBay, Google, and The Coca-Cola Company. Bloom's NASA-derived Energy Servers generate energy that is about 67-percent cleaner than a typical coal-fired power plant when using fossil fuels and 100-percent cleaner with renewable fuels.