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1

Affordable housing  

SciTech Connect

This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

Not Available

1989-01-01

2

Municipal strategies for affordable housing : incenting an exacting public goods from private developers  

E-print Network

This thesis studies the next generation of municipal housing policy by asking, "How can cities effectively use the private-sector to promote affordable housing development?" In response, it looks at an array of public-sector ...

Goldstein, Ari Alowan

2007-01-01

3

The community-based partnership approach for affordable housing development : a case in Shenzhen, China  

E-print Network

Affordable housing has been a crucial urban issue in China. Given its fast-paced urbanization process, China is experiencing a dramatic increase in the demand for affordable housing. At the same time, the affordable housing ...

Zhao, Feifei

2009-01-01

4

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2011-01-01

5

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2013-01-01

6

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2012-01-01

7

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2014-01-01

8

The entrepreneurial state : New York's Urban Development Corporation, an experiment to take charge of affordable housing production, 1968-1975  

E-print Network

A federal-local partnership supports the creation of most new affordable housing in the United States. Washington's subsidies, which fund housing construction, vouchers, and tax credits, are paired with local development ...

Freemark, Yonah (Yonah Slifkin)

2013-01-01

9

New housing in old Chinatown : barriers and incentives to affordable housing development  

E-print Network

In the 1970s and 80s, the rapid development of San Francisco's Financial District encroached upon Chinatown's intimately-scaled neighborhood. Developers took whole city blocks that housed low-income immigrants to build the ...

Tan, Bryant

2008-01-01

10

A new affordable housing model in China : a case-based examination of a private developer's role  

E-print Network

This thesis examines the motivations behind Wanhuilou, the first affordable housing development to be initiated, constructed, and subsidized by a private developer--China Vanke. This case presents a pioneering firm and a ...

Stuchell, Claudine C. (Claudine Cecile)

2008-01-01

11

12 CFR 1807.400 - Affordable housing-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 1807.400 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.400 Affordable housing—general. Each Awardee that uses CMF...

2012-01-01

12

12 CFR 1807.402 - Affordable housing-homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 1807.402 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.402 Affordable housing—homeownership. (a) Acquisition with...

2013-01-01

13

12 CFR 1807.402 - Affordable housing-homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 1807.402 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.402 Affordable housing—homeownership. (a) Acquisition with...

2012-01-01

14

12 CFR 1807.402 - Affordable housing-homeownership.  

...Section 1807.402 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.402 Affordable housing—homeownership. (a) Acquisition with...

2014-01-01

15

12 CFR 1807.400 - Affordable housing-general.  

...Section 1807.400 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.400 Affordable housing—general. Each Awardee that uses CMF...

2014-01-01

16

12 CFR 1807.400 - Affordable housing-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 1807.400 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.400 Affordable housing—general. Each Awardee that uses CMF...

2011-01-01

17

12 CFR 1807.400 - Affordable housing-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 1807.400 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.400 Affordable housing—general. Each Awardee that uses CMF...

2013-01-01

18

Achieving Sustainable Construction in Affordable Housing  

SciTech Connect

An energy-efficient design and construction checklist and information sheets on energy-efficient design and construction are two products being developed. These products will help affordable housing providers take the first steps toward a whole-house approach to the design and implementation of energy-efficient construction practices. The checklist presents simple and clear guidance on energy improvements that can be readily addressed now by most affordable housing providers. The information sheets complement the checklist by providing installation instructions and material specifications that are accompanied by detailed graphics. The information sheets also identify benefits of recommended energy-efficiency measures and procedures including cost savings and impacts on health and comfort. This paper presents details on the checklist and information sheets and discusses their use in two affordable housing projects.

Barcik, M.K.; Creech, D.B.; Ternes, M.P.

1998-12-07

19

Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 7. Bursting  

E-print Network

prices up. Non-profit affordable housing develop- ment should be increased in these areas to provideVacant Owner Renter White Hispanic Other African American Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago'Hare, Portage Park, South Lawndale, West Ridge Defining Criteria: Population outpacing housing = overcrowding

Illinois at Chicago, University of

20

Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 4. Converting  

E-print Network

rehabilitation, but not without raising prices. All new development should include affordable housing, especiallyVacant Owner Renter White Hispanic Other African American Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Population: 363,963 (12.6% of city), grew 1.5% Housing Stock: Multifamily, new homeowners Racial

Illinois at Chicago, University of

21

A Housing Affordability Standard for the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1990 there has been extensive exploration of the meaning of housing affordability by members of the academic, professional and advocacy communities in Britain. These debates have revealed weaknesses in the traditional ratio standard of affordability and led to arguments in support of an alternative, residual income concept of affordability. However, so far there has been only limited success in

Michael E. Stone

2006-01-01

22

Extending the physical and cultural boundaries of affordable housing : a reconfiguration of the Franklin Field Public Housing Development  

E-print Network

Public housing is in a state of revision. Changes in attitude and approach to housing low-income people, evident in housing reform, are challenging the standard which public housing has come to represent. After years of ...

Makuku, Owiso A. (Owiso Atsali), 1968-

1999-01-01

23

Engineering-Based Methods for Affordable Housing and Sustainable Community Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing is a key component of the U. S. economy: in 2001, housing comprised more than a third of the nation's tangible assets, and, in the form of home building and remodeling, housing consumption and related spending represented more than 21 percent of the U. S. gross domestic product. Since 2001, home sales, prices, equity and debt have all grown

Michael P. Johnson

2006-01-01

24

Social housing: new demand, new tools : Affordable finance for affordable housing through real estate ethical funds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In light of growing concerns on the scale of the housing affordability problem in Italy, and of the government's response in the form of a new Housing Plan, the purpose of this paper is to ask whether such new policy is a coherent and adequate strategy to address the alleged housing problems. In order to answer this core

Luisa Ingaramo; Stefania Sabatino

2011-01-01

25

12 CFR 1807.402 - Affordable housing-homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Homeownership purchase must meet the affordability requirements of this subsection. (1) The housing must be Single-family housing. (2) The housing price does not exceed 95 percent of the median purchase price for the area as used in the...

2011-01-01

26

7 CFR 3565.352 - Preservation of affordable housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.352 Preservation of affordable housing. (a) Original purpose. During the period of...

2010-01-01

27

Providing Affordable Housing: Small Communities Benefit from Upgrading Dilapidated Homes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Affordable Housing Opportunities Program (AHOP) created by the Eau Claire County Housing Authority in Wisconsin. The AHOP buys, renovates, and sells homes for prices below fair market value. This provides safe, sanitary housing for families who could not otherwise afford it. Describes the purchase, renovation, and sale of four…

Hestekin, Kay

1991-01-01

28

"Having Housing Made Everything Else Possible": Affordable, Safe and Stable Housing for Women Survivors of Violence.  

PubMed

Research indicates that the need for safe housing and the economic resources to maintain safe housing are two of the most pressing concerns among abused women who are planning to or have recently left abusers. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is frequently an immediate cause or precursor to homelessness and housing instability. The aim of the study is to explore abused women's experiences accessing affordable, safe, and stable housing. To achieve the aim, adult female IPV survivors answered questions about: 1) steps that were taken to secure housing; 2) safety issues after leaving the abuser; 3) barriers to obtaining housing; and 4) responses from housing and domestic violence advocacy systems related to survivors' housing needs. Four major themes emerged from the in-depth interviews: 1) stable, affordable housing is critical in increasing safety; 2) survivors face multiple systemic or individual barriers; 3) survivors develop and utilize an array of creative and resourceful strategies; and 4) survivors identified a variety of supportive services tailored to address their needs. The findings inform practice, policy and research for both the housing and domestic violence service systems with an emphasis on collaboration to meet the complex safety and stable housing needs of survivors and their families, particularly following the impact on housing of the 2008 U.S. economic crisis and subsequent recession. PMID:25328440

Clough, Amber; Draughon, Jessica E; Njie-Carr, Veronica; Rollins, Chiquita; Glass, Nancy

2014-09-01

29

24 CFR 81.14 - Special Affordable Housing Goal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.14 Special Affordable Housing Goal...portfolios” includes mortgages retained by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac and mortgages utilized to back mortgage-backed...

2010-04-01

30

From the Foundation Up: Affordable Housing in Los Angeles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instead of doing typical undergraduate summer research, I was a summer intern at the Southern California Association of Non-Profit Housing (SCANPH) in the downtown\\/Korea town area of LA. Established in 1989 it provides members in the housing community services, trainings and education, as well as advocates, lobbies, and works for affordable housing policy. In LA we have a housing trust

Kether Hayden

2005-01-01

31

School Districts Devising New Ways to Offer Teachers Affordable Housing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a new wave of plans to recruit and retain teachers who say they cannot afford to buy or rent homes in pricey school districts, officials are considering measures that would put affordable housing within their reach. Those who have had teacher-housing programs in place for a while say they have seen success, although the programs have not…

Honawar, Vaishali

2006-01-01

32

SUMMER 2010 OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation,  

E-print Network

. Housing prices have dropped, a bit, since the Silicon Valley boom. The average two-bedroom apartmentSUMMER 2010 Cheap Living... OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation, Food, and Fun-3108 San Francisco #12;San Francisco Table of Contents Housing 2 Transportation 7 Food 9 Entertainment 15

Wolfe, Patrick J.

33

Chamberlain Heights Redevelopment: A Large Scale, Cold Climate Study of Affordable Housing Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

The City of Meriden Housing Authority (MHA) collaborated with affordable housing developer Jonathon Rose Companies (JRC) to complete a gut renovation of 124 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project. The affordable housing community is made up of 36 buildings in duplex and quad configurations located on 22 acres within two miles of downtown Meriden, CT. The final post-retrofit analysis showed 40-45% source energy savings over the existing pre-retrofit conditions.

Donnelly, K.; Mahle, M.

2012-03-01

34

Air Distribution Retrofit Strategies for Affordable Housing  

SciTech Connect

In multifamily and attached buildings, traditional duct sealing methods are often impractical or costly and disruptive because of the difficulty in accessing leakage sites. In this project, two retrofit duct sealing techniques -- manually-applied sealants and injecting a spray sealant, were implemented in several low-rise multi-unit buildings. An analysis on the cost and performance of the two methods are presented. Each method was used in twenty housing units: approximately half of each group of units are single story and the remainder two-story. Results show that duct leakage to the outside was reduced by an average of 59% through the use of manual methods, and by 90% in the units where the injected spray sealant was used. It was found that 73% of the leakage reduction in homes that were treated with injected spray sealant was attributable to the manual sealing done at boots, returns and the air handler. The cost of manually-applying sealant ranged from $275 to $511 per unit and for the injected spray sealant the cost was $700 per unit. Modeling suggests a simple payback of 2.2 years for manual sealing and 4.7 years for the injected spray sealant system. Utility bills were collected for one year before and after the retrofits. Utility bill analysis shows 14% and 16% energy savings using injected spray sealant system and hand sealing procedure respectively in heating season whereas in cooling season, energy savings using injected spray sealant system and hand sealing were both 16%.

Dentz, J.; Conlin, F.; Holloway, P.; Podorson, D.; Varshney, K.

2014-03-01

35

An investigation into the use of REITs to finance affordable housing in Mainland China  

E-print Network

Mainland China's system of affordable housing provides housing for low and medium income groups. Housing for sale and housing for rent give residents two choices and also give two choices for municipal governments to provide ...

Huang, Yuxuan, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01

36

MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY -BOZEMAN Family & Graduate Housing is primarily intended to provide affordable, temporary housing for students with families, single  

E-print Network

MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY - BOZEMAN Family & Graduate Housing is primarily intended to provide affordable, temporary housing for students with families, single graduates, upper classmen, students RENTAL RATES SINGLE GRADUATE/UPPER CLASSMEN STUDENT HOUSING (Please see reverse side for single rates

Lawrence, Rick L.

37

24 CFR 81.14 - Special Affordable Housing Goal.  

...Department of Housing and Urban Development THE SECRETARY OF HUD'S...of active, on-going, sustainable efforts to ensure that...or (B) Community development credit unions; community development financial...

2014-04-01

38

24 CFR 81.14 - Special Affordable Housing Goal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Department of Housing and Urban Development THE SECRETARY OF HUD'S...of active, on-going, sustainable efforts to ensure that...or (B) Community development credit unions; community development financial...

2013-04-01

39

24 CFR 81.14 - Special Affordable Housing Goal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Department of Housing and Urban Development THE SECRETARY OF HUD'S...of active, on-going, sustainable efforts to ensure that...or (B) Community development credit unions; community development financial...

2012-04-01

40

Issaquah Highlands Zero Energy Affordable Housing (WA) - YWCA  

SciTech Connect

The YWCA Family Village at Issaquah, Net Zero Energy Approach Project provides a compelling model for how the nation can seriously respond to the critical need for affordable housing while advancing environmental standards and reducing economic inequities. Affordable housing developments for vulnerable members of the community and in today's workforce cannot overlook issues, such as climate impact, energy security and water conservation. This project's advanced building design was based on the goal of creating a 100 year building that could achieve net zero energy usage if funding had been available to support the final pieces of energy generation. The team worked closely with community stakeholders to ensure the baseline components of high quality and efficient building envelopes along with efficient systems were in place to set the stage for future incorporation of energy generating systems such as solar panels. As built, these 146 homes, large child care center and community services areas are proving the value of investing upfront for the benefit of future generations by reducing ongoing utility and maintenance costs with an eye toward environmental stewardship and community/resident education. The DOE award helped fund two critical energy conservation features for the YWCA Family Village at Issaquah campus: 1) super-insulated roof assembly with a continuous air barrier and 2) domestic hot water preheat system. The roof system at the YWCA Family Village at Issaquah project was built to include 6" of Polyiso rigid insulation (R-38) on top of the roof sheathing to provide a super-insulated roof in line with the other green features of the project. Placing the rigid insulation on top of the roof sheathing allows the building to have a continuous layer of insulation and provides a continuous air barrier. The domestic hot water preheat system includes flat panel arrays on roofs of the buildings that heat the water using solar power, which reduces the amount of heating needed from the gas-fired boilers. The flat-plate panels on the roof of the building heats the water using solar power. A heat exchanger transfers heat from water warmed by the panels to potable water for the units. The warmed potable water mixes with the tap water supply to create hot water for the buildings. This boost of water warmed by the solar panels reduces the heating costs for eh project by reducing the need to heat the water via gas-fired boilers. Both of these energy upgrades were chosen because they significantly improve the energy efficiency for the life of the building and are reducing monthly utility costs for both the residents and the owners. Since the owner is a not-for-profit dedicated to long-term ownership and serving households with very-low and low-incomes, the costs savings will ultimately benefit current and future residents as the dollars saved will either be realized directly by the resident or be invested in the project. Technically, the design of these systems is easily understood and the principles could be applied to other projects. The incremental costs depend largely on the existing market rate of the components-none of which are considered "cutting edge" so a market does currently exist.

Tom, Vincent; DeRobbio, Wendy; Hall, Linda

2012-04-30

41

Holistic revitalization in small post-industrial cities : tools for urban housing development  

E-print Network

For generations, housing programs have sought to utilize redevelopment projects to accomplish broader community revitalization goals. Contemporary affordable housing practice embodies this idea in large housing development ...

Beam, Jeffrey (Jeffrey J.)

2009-01-01

42

Affordable Housing: What You Need to Know before Buying a Manufactured Home 1  

E-print Network

Affordable Housing: What You Need to Know before Buying a Manufactured Home 1 Affordable Housing: What You Need to Know before Buying a Manufactured Home Manufactured housing is often considered in this country. Since buying a home is likely to be the largest investment a family will make, it is important

43

78 FR 73204 - Announcement of Requirements and Registration for “Innovation in Affordable Housing Student...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...encourage research and innovation in quality affordable...competition will officially open on January 6, 2014...Competition Entrants in the Innovation in Affordable Housing...Competition The competition is open to any contestant,...

2013-12-05

44

Amidst housing market problems, municipalities seek to stem urban decay and affordable housing remains out of reach for many  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housing Rebound Unlikely Before 2009http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=a4nfoY47rBfo&refer=homeFEMA spends almost $3B on emergency housinghttp://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2008-08-25-katrina_N.htmAdvocates assail suburbs for fighting housing ruleshttp://www.courierpostonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080826/NEWS01/808260371/1006/news01gACORN Housing Corporation [pdf]http://www.acornhousing.org/index.phpU.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development [pdf]http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/affordablehousing/index.cfmEconomists and real estate experts reported this week that U.S. housing prices declined for a fourth straight month, and this news was most unwelcome to those still facing foreclosure on their homes and those who live in large urban areas hit hardest by the housing crisis. The New York Times reported this week that a number of cities (such as Boston and San Diego) are now utilizing both private funds and taxpayer money to buy foreclosed properties in economically isolated and depressed neighborhoods in order to prevent these areas from sliding into urban decay. Not surprisingly, the sale of foreclosed homes to municipalities, along with private investors and others, led to a 3.1 percent increase in home sales during the month of July. Municipalities believe that buying up these properties and rehabilitating them will breathe new life into neighborhoods riddled with foreclosed property and the consequences of urban decay are not lost on municipal leaders, as Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino commented, "Our job as the city government is to restore these neighborhoods. We can't let this cancer continue." Despite the continued decline in housing prices, affordable housing for low and middle-income families remains out of reach in a number of large cities across the United States, including Boston, Seattle, and New York. On a final note, it appears that there will be another type of housing crisis across the Gulf Coast in the coming months, as FEMA prepares to eliminate housing subsidies for thousands of persons displaced by Hurricane Katrina on March 1st. The first link will take users to a New York Times article from this past Monday that offers insight into the efforts of municipalities to purchase foreclosed properties in order to combat neighborhood deterioration. The second link leads to a piece of reporting from Bloomberg's Alison Vekshin that indicates that the housing market will most likely not rebound until the middle of 2009. Moving on, the third link leads to an USA Today article from this Tuesday that reports on FEMA's spending on emergency housing throughout the Gulf Coast region. The fourth link leads to a trenchant piece from this Tuesday's Courier-Post (Cherry Hill, NJ) about the efforts made by wealthier suburbs across New Jersey to keep affordable housing from being built in their communities. The fifth link leads to the homepage of the ACORN Housing Corporation, which works to build affordable housing across the United States. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) thematic policy program dedicated to creating and supporting new affordable housing developments.

2008-08-29

45

24 CFR 92.254 - Qualification as affordable housing: Homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of newly constructed housing or standard housing, the housing has a purchase price for the type of single family housing...95 percent of the median area purchase price for single family housing in the jurisdiction, as follows....

2011-04-01

46

24 CFR 92.254 - Qualification as affordable housing: Homeownership.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of newly constructed housing or standard housing, the housing has a purchase price for the type of single family housing...95 percent of the median area purchase price for single family housing in the jurisdiction, as follows....

2010-04-01

47

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy Investment Green Houses Meet the Team and Contributors August2010 European House Prices Comparing recent European house price trends: An absence of continental drift? School of Architecture, Design

Evans, Paul

48

78 FR 41074 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Innovation in Affordable Housing Design Student...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5689-N-05] 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information...Innovation in Affordable Housing Design Student Competition AGENCY...this notice is to allow for 60 days of public comment. [[Page...Innovation in Affordable Housing Design Student Competition. OMB...

2013-07-09

49

Affordable IVF for developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Worldwide, more than 80 million couples suffer from infertility; the majority are residents of developing countries. Residents of developing countries encounter a lack of facilities at all levels of health care, but especially infertility diagnosis and treatment. Infertility defined as a disease has a much stronger negative consequence in developing countries compared with Western societies. Social isolation, economic deprivation and

Willem Ombelet; Rudi Campo

2007-01-01

50

24 CFR 954.307 - Homeownership: qualification as affordable housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...housing only if the housing: (1)(i) Has an initial purchase price that does not exceed...median purchase price for the type of single family housing (1- to 4-family...median purchase price for the type of single family housing (1- to...

2010-04-01

51

24 CFR 954.307 - Homeownership: qualification as affordable housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...housing only if the housing: (1)(i) Has an initial purchase price that does not exceed...median purchase price for the type of single family housing (1- to 4-family...median purchase price for the type of single family housing (1- to...

2011-04-01

52

Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network South Shore, Hyde Park, Logan Square, North Center, Pullman  

E-print Network

Hispanic Other White African American Vacant Owner Renter Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago.0% African American +0.1% Hispanic -4.5% Housing Market Total Housing Units: 95,005 Race & Ethnicity % Change dramatically since the 2000 Census. Though poverty rates are decreasing in the Filling cluster, the number

Illinois at Chicago, University of

53

In search of an affordable housing system for Shanghai, China  

E-print Network

In 1998, the Chinese government abandoned the danwei ("work-unit") housing allocation system and fully privatized the housing market. Since then, the residential price has never stopped increasing despite the past financial ...

Sun, Linyun

2011-01-01

54

Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network 1. Homeowning  

E-print Network

.7% African American +6.9% Hispanic +160.6% Housing Market Total Housing Units: 188,646 Race & Ethnicity, households living in poverty, and households burdened by excessive mortgage and rent costs. Not surprisingly Population 516,947 % Immigrant 17.1% Average Household Size 2.9 % of Residents in Poverty 8.8% % Change

Illinois at Chicago, University of

55

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply'll also cover house price analysis, affordability, supply of new property, investment, Tree Preservation, but there have been worrying signs as this fragility appears to have impacted negatively on house prices over

Evans, Paul

56

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply ­ Paul Royston Prospect of house prices ­ Michael White Prices and affordability ­ Dean Garratt Mortgage property newsletter. This edition's feature and editorial focus is: ·Prospects for house prices

Evans, Paul

57

Assessing the Engineering Performance of Affordable Net-Zero Energy Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to evaluate affordable technologies that are capable of providing attractive, cost-effective energy savings to the housing industry. The research did so by investigating the 2011 Solar Decathlon competition, with additional insight from the Purdue INhome. Insight from the Purdue INhome verified the importance of using a three step design process to design a net-zero

Jordan P Wallpe

2012-01-01

58

Affordable, safe housing based on expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam and a cementitious coating  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an ongoing project to demonstrate an affordable, safe, and energy-efficient housing technology based on expanded polystyrene (EPS) panels with a cementitious coating. The concepts being described are (1) EPS panels embedded with galvanized steel trusses, steel mesh welded or clipped to the protruding points of the trusses and finished with a coating of cement plaster; (2) fiber-reinforced

A. J. Lee; H. Kelly; R. Jagoda; A. Rosenfeld; E. Stubee; J. Colaco; A. Gadgil; H. Akbari; L. Norford; H. van Burik

2006-01-01

59

Affordable, Robust Ceramic Joining Technology (ARCJoint) Developed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Affordable, Robust Ceramic Joining Technology (ARCJoint) is a method for joining high temperature- resistant ceramic pieces together, establishing joints that are strong, and allowing joining to be done in the field. This new way of joining allows complex shapes to be formed by joining together geometrically simple shapes. The joining technology at NASA is one of the enabling technologies for the application of silicon-carbide-based ceramic and composite components in demanding and high-temperature applications. The technology is being developed and tested for high-temperature propulsion parts for aerospace use. Commercially, it can be used for joining ceramic pieces used for high temperature applications in the power-generating and chemical industries, as well as in the microelectronics industry. This innovation could yield big payoffs for not only the power-generating industry but also the Silicon Valley chipmakers. This technology, which was developed at the NASA Glenn Research Center by Dr. Mrityunjay Singh, is a two-step process involving first using a paste to join together ceramic pieces and bonding them by heating the joint to 110 to 120 C for between 10 and 20 min. This makes the joint strong enough to be handled for the final joining. Then, a silicon-based substance is applied to the joint and heated to 1400 C for 10 to 15 min. The resulting joint is as strong as the original ceramic material and can withstand the same high temperatures.

Steele, Gynelle C.

2001-01-01

60

Evaluation of Affordable Prototype Houses at Two Levels of Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Two high performance prototype houses were built in Carbondale, Colorado, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America (BA) Program. Each prototype was a 1256 ft2 (117 m2), 1-story, 3-bedroom house, and met the local requirements for affordable housing. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performed short-term field testing and DOE-2.2 simulations in support of this project at the end of December 2004. We also installed long-term monitoring equipment in one of the houses, and are currently tracking the performance of key building systems under occupied conditions. One of the houses (designated H1) included a package of cost-effective energy efficiency features that placed it well above the Energy Star level, targeting a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) score of 88-89. The other (designated H2) was a BA research house, targeting a HERS score of 94-95, and 45% whole-house energy savings compared to the BA Benchmark. Preliminary results from the field evaluation indicate that the energy savings for both houses will exceed the design targets established for the project, although the performance of certain building systems, including the ventilation and foundation systems, leave some room for improvement.

Hendron, R.; Barker, G.; Hancock, E.; Reeves, P.

2006-10-01

61

Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago Rehab Network Lake View, Armour Square (Chinatown), West Town, Near North Side, Near South  

E-print Network

Vacant Owner Renter White Hispanic Other African American Affordable Housing Fact Book Chicago and Ethnicity Since 1990 White +18.0% African American -4.2% Hispanic -23.5% Housing Market Total Housing Units.9 % of Residents in Poverty 15.6% % Change in Poverty -22.3% % Children with Lead Poisoning 7.4% % Change in Race

Illinois at Chicago, University of

62

78 FR 46600 - Notice of Realty Action: Direct Sale of Public Land (N-91073) for Affordable Housing Purposes in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [LLNVS00560.L58530000. EU0000...of Realty Action: Direct Sale of Public Land (N-91073) for Affordable Housing Purposes...Clark County, NV AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION:...

2013-08-01

63

Energy-efficiency design and inspection guides for affordable housing construction  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on the general methods used in guides developed for the energy efficient design and inspection of new and revitalized housing projects for military family housing. The methods and guides can also benefit the wider market of public and other housing. Inspections performed on military and public housing units were used to identify energy deficiencies. The most common problems found were related to disconnected and deteriorated forced air distribution duct work and poor system design resulting in significant air leakage. Design and inspection guides are summarized for new construction and revitalization projects. 7 refs., 7 figs.

Ternes, M.P.; Livengood, S.E.; Wendt, R.L.

1997-12-01

64

Affordable housing and upward mobility : bridging the divide at The Community Builders, Inc.  

E-print Network

An increasing austerity at all levels of government has propelled a heightened focus on more efficient models of housing delivery, human service delivery and community development. One area of increased attention, with ...

Yadegar, Daniel Aziz

2012-01-01

65

Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage Affordable Development Strategy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development of nuclear power for space use in nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) systems will involve significant expenditures of funds and require major technology development efforts. The development effort must be economically viable yet sufficient to validate the systems designed. Efforts are underway within the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage Project (NCPS) to study what a viable program would entail. The study will produce an integrated schedule, cost estimate and technology development plan. This will include the evaluation of various options for test facilities, types of testing and use of the engine, components, and technology developed. A "Human Rating" approach will also be developed and factored into the schedule, budget and technology development approach.

Doughty, Glen E.; Gerrish, H. P.; Kenny, R. J.

2014-01-01

66

Achieving Challenge Home in Affordable Housing in the Hot-Humid Climate  

SciTech Connect

The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction (BA-PIRC), one of the Building America research team leads, has partnered with two builders as they work through the Challenge Home certification process in one test home each. The builder partners participating in this cost-shared research are Southeast Volusia County Habitat for Humanity near Daytona, Florida and Manatee County Habitat for Humanity near Tampa, Florida. Both are affiliates of Habitat for Humanity International, a non-profit affordable housing organization. This research serves to identify viable technical pathways to meeting the CH criteria for other builders in the region. A further objective of this research is to identify gaps and barriers in the marketplace related to product availability, labor force capability, code issues, cost effectiveness, and business case issues that hinder or prevent broader adoption on a production scale.

Beal, D.; McIlvaine, J.; Winter, B.; Allnutt, R.

2014-08-01

67

Affordable High-Performance Homes: The 2002 NREL Denver Habitat for Humanity House, A Cold-Climate Case Study  

SciTech Connect

A trend towards ''green'' building with a focus on energy efficiency is sweeping the United States homebuilding industry. An integrated systems-design approach leads to homes that are more efficient, more comfortable, more affordable, and more durable than homes built with standard practices. Habitat for Humanity affiliates throughout the country are taking the lead on this approach to home building for affordable housing. This approach supports Habitat's goals of supplying quality housing and reducing the energy cost burden on families in Habitat homes--goals that are especially important in these days of increasing energy costs.

Norton, P.; Stafford, B.; Carpenter, B.; Hancock, C. E.; Barker, G.; Reeves, P.; Kriescher, P.

2005-04-01

68

Kaupuni Village: A Closer Look at the First Net-Zero Energy Affordable Housing Community in Hawai'i (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This is the first of four Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative community brochures focused on HCEI success stories. This brochure focuses on the first LEED Platinum net-zero energy affordable housing community in Hawaii. Our lead NREL contact for HCEI is Ken Kelly.

Not Available

2012-05-01

69

Besting the tract home : a software-based bricolage approach to affordable custom housing  

E-print Network

Tract housing has earned its position as the overwhelmingly dominant paradigm of home building and ownership in America because it's such an efficient and therefore cost-effective system. Custom-designed housing has provable ...

Plewe, Thomas Clayton

2008-01-01

70

Manufactured Homes as Affordable Housing in Rural Areas. Rural Information Center Publication Series, No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography includes citations of approximately 60 books and articles pertaining to manufactured housing or "mobile homes," an important segment of the national housing industry. The availability of manufactured homes for low and moderate income groups is significant in light of skyrocketing new-housing costs. The South leads the nation with…

Czerniak, Robert, Comp.

71

Affordable Development and Qualification Strategy for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A number of recent assessments have confirmed the results of several earlier studies that Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) is a leading technology for human exploration of Mars. It is generally acknowledged that NTP provides the best prospects for the transportation of humans to Mars in the 2030's. Its high Isp coupled with the high thrusts achievable, allow reasonable trip times, thereby alleviating concerns about space radiation and "claustrophobia" effects. NASA has embarked on the latest phase of the development of NTP systems, and is adopting an affordable approach in response to the pressure of the times. The affordable strategy is built on maximizing the use of the large NTP technology base developed in the 1950's and 60's. The fact that the NTP engines were actually demonstrated to work as planned, is a great risk reduction feature in its development. The strategy utilizes non-nuclear testing to the fullest extent possible, and uses focused nuclear tests for the essential qualification and certification tests. The perceived cost risk of conducting the ground tests is being addressed by considering novel testing approaches. This includes the use of boreholes to contain radioactive effluents, and use of fuel with very high retention capability for fission products. The use of prototype flight tests is being considered as final steps in the development prior to undertaking human flight missions. In addition to the technical issues, plans are being prepared to address the institutional and political issues that need to be considered in this major venture. While the development and deployment of NTP system is not expected to be cheap, the value of the system will be very high, and amortized over the many missions that it enables and enhances, the imputed costs will be very reasonable. Using the approach outlined, NASA and its partners, currently the DOE, and subsequently industry, have a good chance of creating a sustained development program leading to human missions to Mars within the next few decades.

Gerrish, Harold P., Jr.; Doughty, Glen E.; Bhattacharyya, Samit K.

2013-01-01

72

Affordable Development and Qualification Strategy for Nuclear Thermal Propulsion  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) is a concept which uses a nuclear reactor to heat a propellant to high temperatures without combustion and can achieve significantly greater specific impulse than chemical engines. NTP has been considered many times for human and cargo missions beyond low earth orbit. A lot of development and technical maturation of NTP components took place during the Rover/NERVA program of the 60's and early 70's. Other NTP programs and studies followed attempting to further mature the NTP concept and identify a champion customer willing to devote the funds and support the development schedule to a demonstration mission. Budgetary constraints require the use of an affordable development and qualification strategy that takes into account all the previous work performed on NTP to construct an existing database, and include lessons learned and past guidelines followed. Current guidelines and standards NASA uses for human rating chemical rocket engines is referenced. The long lead items for NTP development involve the fuel elements of the reactor and ground testing the engine system, subsystem, and components. Other considerations which greatly impact the development plans includes the National Space Policy, National Environmental Policy Act, Presidential Directive/National Security Council Memorandum #25 (Scientific or Technological Experiments with Possible Large-Scale Adverse Environmental Effects and Launch of Nuclear Systems into Space), and Safeguards and Security. Ground testing will utilize non-nuclear test capabilities to help down select components and subsystems before testing in a nuclear environment to save time and cost. Existing test facilities with minor modifications will be considered to the maximum extent practical. New facilities will be designed to meet minimum requirements. Engine and test facility requirements are based on the driving mission requirements with added factors of safety for better assurance and reliability. Emphasis will be placed on small engines, since the smaller the NTP engine, the easier it is to transport, assemble/disassemble, and filter the exhaust during tests. A new ground test concept using underground bore holes (modeled after the underground nuclear test program) to filter the NTP engine exhaust is being considered. The NTP engine system design, development, test, and evaluation plan includes many engine components and subsystems, which are very similar to those used in chemical engines, and can be developed in conjunction with them Other less mature NTP engine components and subsystems (e.g., reactor) will be thoroughly analyzed and tested to acceptable levels recommended by the referenced standards and guidelines. The affordable development strategy also considers a prototype flight test, as a final step in the development process. Preliminary development schedule estimates show that an aggressive development schedule (without much margin) will be required to be flight ready for a 2033 human mission to Mars.

Gerrish, Harold P., Jr.; Doughty, Glen E.; Bhattacharyya, Samit K.

2013-01-01

73

Safe and Affordable Drinking Water for Developing Countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Safe drinking water remains inaccessible for about 1.2 billion people in the world, and the hourly toll from biological contamination of drinking water is 200 deaths mostly among children under five years of age. This chapter summarizes the need for safe drinking water, the scale of the global problem, and various methods tried to address it. Then it gives the history and current status of an innovation ("UV Waterworks™") developed to address this major public health challenge. It reviews water disinfection technologies applicable to achieve the desired quality of drinking water in developing countries, and specifically, the limitations overcome by one particular invention: UV Waterworks. It then briefly describes the business model and financing option than is accelerating its implementation for affordable access to safe drinking water to the unserved populations in these countries. Thus this chapter describes not only the innovation in design of a UV water disinfection system, but also innovation in the delivery model for safe drinking water, with potential for long term growth and sustainability.

Gadgil, Ashok

2008-09-01

74

Affordable housing through energy conservation: A guide to designing and constructing energy efficient homes  

SciTech Connect

PEAR is an interactive program for residential building energy analysis utilizing a comprehensive DOE-2.1 data base for residential buildings. This data base was compiled using over 10,000 computer simulations covering five residential buildings in 45 geographical locations. This extensive data base is used by PEAR to estimate the annual energy use of houses with typical conservation measures such as ceiling, wall, and floor insulation, different window types and glazing layers, infiltration levels, and equipment efficiency. It also allows the user to include the effects of roof and wall color, movable night insulation on the windows, reflective and heat absorbing glass, an attached sunspace, and use of a night setback. Regression techniques in PEAR permit adjustments for different building geometries, window areas and orientations, wall construction, and extension of the data to over 800 US locations based on climate parameters. PEAR is designed as a user-friendly program that can be used both as a research tool by energy policy analysts, and as a nontechnical energy calculation method by architects, homebuilders, homeowners, and others in the building industry. Technical documentation of the PEAR program and the database is given elsewhere (see References). 3 refs., 11 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1989-06-01

75

Affordable Development of a Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fundamental capability of Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) is game changing for space exploration. A first generation Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage (NCPS) based on NTP could provide high thrust at a specific impulse above 900 s, roughly double that of state of the art chemical engines. The foundation provided by development and utilization of a NCPS could enable development of extremely high performance systems. The role of the NCPS in the development of advanced nuclear propulsion systems could be analogous to the role of the DC-3 in the development of advanced aviation. Progress made under the NCPS project could help enable both advanced NTP and advanced Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP).

Houts, M. G.; Borowski, S. K.; George, J. A.; Kim, T.; Emrich, W. J.; Hickman, R. R.; Broadway, J. W.; Gerrish, H. P.; Adams, R. B.

2012-01-01

76

The Need for Decent, Affordable Housing. Hearing on the Impending Loss of Hundreds of Thousands of Federally Assisted Housing Units that May Cause Many Low Income Families to Become Homeless and Out on the Streets, before the Subcommittee on Housing and Urban Affairs of the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (Los Angeles, California, July 2, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This testimony before the Senate Subcommittee on Housing and Urban Affairs focuses on the need for decent, affordable housing. It reviews the loss of monies for federally assisted housing units and projects the consequences in the deterioration of the quality of life for many Americans. Because of budget cuts enacted during the Reagan…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs.

77

A New Inventory for Assessing "Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development ("AHEMD-SR")  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A contemporary view of motor development considers environmental influences as critical factors in optimal growth and behavior, with the home being the primary agent. The intent of this communication is to introduce the "Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development Self-Report" ("AHEMD-SR") to early childhood practitioners. The…

Gabbard, Carl; Cacola, Priscila; Rodrigues, Luis Paulo

2008-01-01

78

Prepreg and Melt Infiltration Technology Developed for Affordable, Robust Manufacturing of Ceramic Matrix Composites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Affordable fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites with multifunctional properties are critically needed for high-temperature aerospace and space transportation applications. These materials have various applications in advanced high-efficiency and high-performance engines, airframe and propulsion components for next-generation launch vehicles, and components for land-based systems. A number of these applications require materials with specific functional characteristics: for example, thick component, hybrid layups for environmental durability and stress management, and self-healing and smart composite matrices. At present, with limited success and very high cost, traditional composite fabrication technologies have been utilized to manufacture some large, complex-shape components of these materials. However, many challenges still remain in developing affordable, robust, and flexible manufacturing technologies for large, complex-shape components with multifunctional properties. The prepreg and melt infiltration (PREMI) technology provides an affordable and robust manufacturing route for low-cost, large-scale production of multifunctional ceramic composite components.

Singh, Mrityunjay; Petko, Jeannie F.

2004-01-01

79

Understanding Affordances and Challenges of Three Types of Video for Teacher Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although researchers have reported positive effects on teacher learning from observing published video, teachers' own video, and their colleagues' video, very few professional development programs have integrated all three types of video to improve teacher learning. In this study, we examined the affordances and challenges of the three types of…

Zhang, Meilan; Lundeberg, Mary; Koehler, Matthew J.; Eberhardt, Jan

2011-01-01

80

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. Affordable housing development authorities throughout the United States continually struggle to find the most

J. Dean; O. VanGeet; S. Simkus; M. Eastment

2012-01-01

81

Doing their part? : proactive planning and deliberate avoidance of affordable housing by Massachusetts communities in response to Chapter 40B  

E-print Network

Chapter 40B is an innovative Massachusetts law adopted in 1969 to expand the supply and distribution of subsidized housing throughout the state. The statute creates a streamlined permitting process through which municipalities ...

Frantz, Anna J. (Anna Jordan)

2005-01-01

82

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering of Titanium: Current Capabilities Being Developed Under the Metals Affordability Initiative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A technical review of the titanium model development programs currently funded under the Metals Affordability Initiative is presented. Progress of the "Advanced Titanium Alloy Microstructure and Mechanical Property Modeling" and "ICME of Microtexture Evolution and its Effect on Cold Dwell/High/Low Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Dual Phase Titanium Alloys" will be reviewed followed by a discussion of the future modeling needs of the aerospace industry.

Glavicic, M. G.; Venkatesh, V.

2014-07-01

83

A Fast, Affordable, Science and Technology SATellite (FASTSAT) and the Small Satellite Market Development Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administr ation at Marshall Space Flight Center and the National Space Science and Technology Center in Huntsville Alabama USA, are jointly developing a new class of science and technology mission small satellites. The Fast, Affordable, Science and Technology SATell ite (FASTSAT) was designed and developed using a new collaborative and best practices approach. The FASTSAT development, along with the new class of low cost vehicles currently being developed, would allow performance of 30 kg payload mass missions for a cost of less than 10 million US dollars.

Boudreaux, Mark; Montgomery, Edward; Cacas, Joseph

2008-01-01

84

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for community housing development organizations (CHDOs). 92.300 Section... Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.300 Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs)....

2010-04-01

85

24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply to housing...

2013-04-01

86

24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply to housing...

2011-04-01

87

24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply to housing...

2012-04-01

88

24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply to housing...

2010-04-01

89

24 CFR 1000.40 - Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply to affordable housing activities...  

...2014-04-01 false Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...General § 1000.40 Do lead-based paint poisoning prevention requirements apply...activities under NAHASDA? Yes, lead-based paint requirements apply to housing...

2014-04-01

90

Space and energy conservation housing prototype unit development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Construction plans are discussed for a house which will demonstrate the application of advanced technology to minimize energy requirements and to help direct further development in home construction by defining the interaction of integrated energy and water systems with building configuration and construction materials. Housing unit designs are provided and procedures for the analysis of a variety of housing strategies are developed.

Sunshine, D. R.

1975-01-01

91

Cutting energy costs in multifamily housing: Practical case studies for the builder and developer  

SciTech Connect

This book is based on an expert evaluation of nine existing and three proposed multifamily housing projects across the US. The existing buildings include three lowrise projects (three to four stories), six midrises (five to seven stories), and three highrise buildings (nine to thirty-nine stories). Two projects were designed and built in the late 1950's, two in the late 1960's, and five late in the ''energy-crisis'' of the 1970's. The existing projects range from municipally subsidized elderly housing, to HUD Section-8 suburban developments, to luxury urban highrise buildings. The three ''future'' buildings, designed by the NAHB research team, were based on trends anticipated in the multifamily industry by IREM and NAHB leaders, over the next five years. The key trends identified were: downsizing of units (by 10 to 20%); increased project size (in number of units), denser developments (more midrise and highrise projects), and increased amenities - all in the context of more affordable housing.

Whiddon, W.I.

1986-01-01

92

Even a rich man can afford that expensive house: ERP responses to construction-based pragmatic constraints during sentence comprehension.  

PubMed

A linguistic construction is typically viewed as encoding the pairing of syntactic form and semantic information that is independent of the meaning of constituent words. Here with the event-related potentials (ERPs) we demonstrate that such a construction can also encode pragmatic constraints (event likelihood) that immediately influence online sentence comprehension and the associated neural activity. The lian…dou…construction in Chinese (similar to even in English) normally describes an event of low expectedness (a semantic constraint); it also introduces a pragmatic scale implying that any event with a higher likelihood than the event described must occur (pragmatic inference). By embedding a highly likely event (a rich man buying a house) or an underspecified event (a man buying a house) in the construction, we created an incongruent condition and an underspecified condition and compared both with a control condition in which an event of low expectedness (a poor man buying a house) was described. ERPs on the main verb phrases showed an N400 with a maximum in the right hemisphere followed by a late negativity with an anterior maximum for both the incongruent and underspecified conditions, with a larger N400 effect for the former than for the latter. ERPs on the sentence-final phrases showed a sustained negativity for the incongruent, but not for the underspecified condition. The N400 effect may reflect the increased difficulty in unifying the current event into the lian…dou… construction. The late negativity may reflect a second-pass revision according to the likelihood scale to satisfy the pragmatic constraints of the construction. PMID:23774181

Jiang, Xiaoming; Li, Yi; Zhou, Xiaolin

2013-08-01

93

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.437 Section 203.437 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2013-04-01

94

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.437 Section 203.437 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2012-04-01

95

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.437 Section 203.437 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2014-04-01

96

Affording Braces  

MedlinePLUS

... Works Main Page The Pink Locker Society Affording Braces KidsHealth > Kids > Health Problems > Teeth & Mouth > Affording Braces Print A A A Text Size Lots of kids need braces, but the cost can scare off many moms ...

97

Small Launch Vehicle Concept Development for Affordable Multi-Stage Inline Configurations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Concepts Office at NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center conducted a study of two configurations of a three stage, inline, liquid propellant small launch vehicle concept developed on the premise of maximizing affordability by targeting a specific payload capability range based on current industry demand. The initial configuration, NESC-1, employed liquid oxygen as the oxidizer and rocket propellant grade kerosene as the fuel in all three stages. The second and more heavily studied configuration, NESC-4, employed liquid oxygen and rocket propellant grade kerosene on the first and second stages and liquid oxygen and liquid methane fuel on the third stage. On both vehicles, sensitivity studies were first conducted on specific impulse and stage propellant mass fraction in order to baseline gear ratios and drive the focus of concept development. Subsequent sensitivity and trade studies on the NESC-4 configuration investigated potential impacts to affordability due to changes in gross liftoff weight and/or vehicle complexity. Results are discussed at a high level to understand the severity of certain sensitivities and how those trade studies conducted can either affect cost, performance or both.

Beers, Benjamin R.; Waters, Eric D.; Philips, Alan D.; Threet, Grady E., Jr.

2014-01-01

98

Small Launch Vehicle Concept Development for Affordable Multi-Stage Inline Configurations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Concepts Office at NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center conducted a study of two configurations of a three-stage, inline, liquid propellant small launch vehicle concept developed on the premise of maximizing affordability by targeting a specific payload capability range based on current and future industry demand. The initial configuration, NESC-1, employed liquid oxygen as the oxidizer and rocket propellant grade kerosene as the fuel in all three stages. The second and more heavily studied configuration, NESC-4, employed liquid oxygen and rocket propellant grade kerosene on the first and second stages and liquid oxygen and liquid methane fuel on the third stage. On both vehicles, sensitivity studies were first conducted on specific impulse and stage propellant mass fraction in order to baseline gear ratios and drive the focus of concept development. Subsequent sensitivity and trade studies on the NESC-4 concept investigated potential impacts to affordability due to changes in gross liftoff mass and/or vehicle complexity. Results are discussed at a high level to understand the impact severity of certain sensitivities and how those trade studies conducted can either affect cost, performance, or both.

Beers, Benjamin R.; Waters, Eric D.; Philips, Alan D.; Threet, Grady E., Jr.

2014-01-01

99

Small Launch Vehicle Concept Development for Affordable Multi-Stage Inline Configurations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Concepts Office at NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center conducted a study of two configurations of a three-stage, inline, liquid propellant small launch vehicle concept developed on the premise of maximizing affordability by targeting a specific payload capability range based on current industry demand. The initial configuration, NESC-1, employed liquid oxygen as the oxidizer and rocket propellant grade kerosene as the fuel in all three stages. The second and more heavily studied configuration, NESC-4, employed liquid oxygen and RP-1 on the first and second stages and liquid oxygen and liquid methane fuel on the third stage. On both vehicles, sensitivity studies were first conducted on specific impulse and stage propellant mass fraction in order to baseline gear ratios and drive the focus of concept development. Subsequent sensitivity and trade studies on the NESC-4 concept investigated potential impacts to affordability due to changes in gross liftoff weight and/or vehicle complexity. Results are discussed at a high level to understand the impact severity of certain sensitivities and how those trade studies conducted can either affect cost, performance, or both.

Beers, Benjamin R.; Waters, Eric D.; Philips, Alan D.; Threet, Grady E. Jr.

2013-01-01

100

76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic...Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform...NOFA) for the Rural Housing and Economic...INFORMATION: The Rural Housing and Economic...Affairs, Housing and Urban Development and...

2011-02-18

101

OUT OF THE GOODNESS OF THEIR HEARTS? REGULATORY AND REGIONAL IMPACTS ON BANK INVESTMENT IN HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banks are considered key actors in affordable housing and community development in the United States. Their involvement in such activities may be due partly to their dependence on economic rents generated from development. In the United States, however, banks are encouraged to support such activities by the federal 1977 Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). I examine how dif- ferent factors explain

DAN IMMERGLUCK

102

Affordance relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affordances are a central concept of J.J. Gibson’s approach to visual perception. We describe and discuss the concept of affordances\\u000a with a brief look at its application to robotics, as well as provide an overview of several existing formalizations. It turns\\u000a out that a representation of affordances can be based on a certain hierarchy of Pawlak’s approximation spaces. We also

Ivo Duntsch; Adam Lenarcic

2009-01-01

103

Affordable Development and Demonstrationof a Small NTR Engine and Stage: A Preliminary NASA, DOE and Industry Assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Formulation of Affordable and Sustainable NTP Development Strategy is Underway Involving NASA, DOE and Industry. In FY11, Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) was identified as a key propulsion option under the Advanced In-Space Propulsion (AISP) component of NASA's Exploration Technology Development and Demonstration (ETDD) program.

Borowski, Stanley K.; Sefcik, Robert J.; Qualls, A. L.; Schnitzler, B.G.; Joyner, C. R.

2014-01-01

104

Bay Ridge Gardens - Mixed Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit: Annapolis, Maryland. Building America Case Study: Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Under this project, Newport Partners (as part of the BA-PIRC research team) evaluated the installation, measured performance, and cost-effectiveness of efficiency upgrade measures for a tenant-in-place DER at the Bay Ridge multifamily (MF) development in Annapolis, Maryland. The design and construction phase of the Bay Ridge project was completed in August 2012. This report summarizes system commissioning, short-term test results, utility bill data analysis, and analysis of real-time data collected over a one-year period after the retrofit was complete. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a "base scope" retrofit which was estimated to achieve a 30%+ savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on 186 apartments, and a "DER scope" which was estimated to achieve 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on a 12-unit building. The base scope was applied to the entire apartment complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. A wide range of efficiency measures was applied to pursue this savings target for the DER building, including improvements/replacements of mechanical equipment and distribution systems, appliances, lighting and lighting controls, the building envelope, hot water conservation measures, and resident education. The results of this research build upon the current body of knowledge of multifamily retrofits. Towards this end, the research team has collected and generated data on the selection of measures, their estimated performance, their measured performance, and risk factors and their impact on potential measures.

Not Available

2013-10-01

105

Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network: doing good by making high-quality vaccines affordable for all.  

PubMed

The Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network (DCVMN) is a unique model of a public and private international alliance. It assembles governmental and private organizations to work toward a common goal of manufacturing and supplying high-quality vaccines at affordable prices to protect people around the world from known and emerging infectious diseases. Together, this group of manufacturers has decades of experience in manufacturing vaccines, with technologies, know-how, and capacity to produce more than 40 vaccines types. These manufacturers have already contributed more than 30 vaccines in various presentations that have been prequalified by the World Health Organization for use by global immunization programmes. Furthermore, more than 45 vaccines are in the pipeline. Recent areas of focus include vaccines to protect against rotavirus, human papillomavirus (HPV), Japanese encephalitis, meningitis, hepatitis E, poliovirus, influenza, and pertussis, as well as combined pentavalent vaccines for children. The network has a growing number of manufacturers that produce a growing number of products to supply the growing demand for vaccines in developing countries. PMID:23598479

Pagliusi, Sonia; Leite, Luciana C C; Datla, Mahima; Makhoana, Morena; Gao, Yongzhong; Suhardono, Mahendra; Jadhav, Suresh; Harshavardhan, Gutla V J A; Homma, Akira

2013-04-18

106

Touch Affordances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The workshop “Touch Affordances” addresses a concept relevant to human computer interactions based on touch. The main topic is the challenge of applying the notion of affordances to domains related to touch interactions (e.g. (multi)touch screens, RFID & NFC, ubiquitous interfaces). The goals of this workshop are to launch a community of researchers, designers, etc. interested in this topic, to create a common understanding of the field of touch affordances and to generate ideas for new research areas for intuitive touch interactions. The workshop will be highly interactive and will have a creative, generative character.

Slegers, Karin; de Roeck, Dries; Arnall, Timo

107

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

108

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2014-04-01

109

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2012-04-01

110

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs). 92...Section 92.300 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2012-04-01

111

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

112

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

113

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

114

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2014-04-01

115

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2014-04-01

116

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

117

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs). 92...Section 92.300 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

118

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

119

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2014-04-01

120

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

121

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

122

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2012-04-01

123

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

124

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2012-04-01

125

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs). 92...Section 92.300 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

126

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

127

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

128

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2012-04-01

129

19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST PROPERTY LINE ADJACENT TO TREE AND RUNS ALONG SIDE OF SHED. LOOKING NORTH AND SLIGHTLY EAST FROM ADJOINING PROPERTY. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

130

77 FR 42831 - Office of Domestic Finance; Small Business, Community Development and Affordable Housing Policy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U...Currently, the Small Business Lending Fund (SBLF...on lending to small businesses, consistent with...of credit for small businesses. This survey is not required by law, but the SBLF...

2012-07-20

131

77 FR 19750 - Office of Domestic Finance; Small Business, Community Development and Affordable Housing Policy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13 (44 U...Currently, the Small Business Lending Fund (SBLF...on lending to small businesses, consistent with...of credit for small businesses. This survey is not required by law, but the SBLF...

2012-04-02

132

The "L" is for living : creating urban development linkages with affordable transit-oriented housing  

E-print Network

What is a city? Who is the city for? A citizen's answer to these questions is closely connected with her or his sense of political power or representation in the city. Harvey Molotch argues that politically influential ...

Davis, Omari Akil

2009-01-01

133

Marijuana use among minority youths living in public housing developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youths residing in public housing developments appear to be at markedly heightened risk for drug use because of their constant\\u000a exposure to violence, poverty, and drug-related activity. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model of marijuana\\u000a etiology with adolescents (N=624) residing in public housing. African-American and Hispanic seventh graders completed questionnaires\\u000a about their marijuana use,

Christopher Williams; Jennifer A. Epstein; Gilbert J. Botvin; Michelle Ifill-Williams

1999-01-01

134

Developing hybrid near-space technologies for affordable access to suborbital space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High power rockets and high altitude balloons are two near-space technologies that could be combined in order to provide access to the mesosphere and, eventually, suborbital space. This "rockoon" technology has been used by several large budget space programs before being abandoned in favor of even more expensive, albeit more accurate, ground launch systems. With the increased development of nano-satellites and atmospheric sensors, combined with rising interest in global atmospheric data, there is an increase in desire for affordable access to extreme altitudes that does not necessarily require the precision of ground launches. Development of hybrid near-space technologies for access to over 200k ft. on a small budget brings many challenges within engineering, systems integration, cost analysis, market analysis, and business planning. This research includes the design and simulation testing of all the systems needed for a safe and reusable launch system, the cost analysis for initial production, the development of a business plan, and the development of a marketing plan. This project has both engineering and scientific significance in that it can prove the space readiness of new technologies, raise their technology readiness levels (TRLs), expedite the development process, and also provide new data to the scientific community. It also has the ability to stimulate university involvement in the aerospace industry and help to inspire the next generation of workers in the space sector. Previous development of high altitude balloon/high power rocket hybrid systems have been undertaken by government funded military programs or large aerospace corporations with varying degrees of success. However, there has yet to be a successful flight with this type of system which provides access to the upper mesosphere in a university setting. This project will aim to design and analyze a viable system while testing the engineering process under challenging budgetary constraints. The technical, engineering, and systems integration challenges that will be investigated are rocket design, launch platform design, communications, ignition systems, recovery systems, and stabilization methods. This will be done using rocket performance simulation software, computer-aided design software, and computational fluid dynamic analysis software. The business planning is also an important part of this research. Through detailed market analysis, the needs for the proposed product/services being developed will be assessed. Through the combination of detailed cost analysis and the market needs, the economic viability of this launch system will be determined.

Badders, Brian David

135

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments ...for the PHA to operate as public housing than providing tenant-based assistance. (1) The...

2012-04-01

136

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments ...for the PHA to operate as public housing than providing tenant-based assistance. (1) The...

2013-04-01

137

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments ...for the PHA to operate as public housing than providing tenant-based assistance. (1) The...

2014-04-01

138

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

2013-02-01

139

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.43c Section 203.43c Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2013-04-01

140

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.43c Section 203.43c Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2012-04-01

141

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.43c Section 203.43c Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2014-04-01

142

75 FR 41217 - Federal Housing Administration Risk Management Initiatives: Reduction of Seller Concessions and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development...home with the same sales price.\\4\\ Borrowers with...to households by the housing options afforded them...restrictions will cause higher housing costs until such time...market-level house price appreciation....

2010-07-15

143

23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ORIGINALS - QUINCES - ALONG ROAD. THE EUCALYPTUS TO THE RIGHT IS JUST OUTSIDE THE SOUTHEAST CORNER PROPERTY LINE AND WAS INDICATED ON THE 1912 BURBANK PLAN. LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

144

A Systems Approach to Developing an Affordable Space Ground Transportation Architecture using a Commonality Approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents a structured approach for achieving a compatible Ground System (GS) and Flight System (FS) architecture that is affordable, productive and sustainable. This paper is an extension of the paper titled "Approach to an Affordable and Productive Space Transportation System" by McCleskey et al. This paper integrates systems engineering concepts and operationally efficient propulsion system concepts into a structured framework for achieving GS and FS compatibility in the mid-term and long-term time frames. It also presents a functional and quantitative relationship for assessing system compatibility called the Architecture Complexity Index (ACI). This paper: (1) focuses on systems engineering fundamentals as it applies to improving GS and FS compatibility; (2) establishes mid-term and long-term spaceport goals; (3) presents an overview of transitioning a spaceport to an airport model; (4) establishes a framework for defining a ground system architecture; (5) presents the ACI concept; (6) demonstrates the approach by presenting a comparison of different GS architectures; and (7) presents a discussion on the benefits of using this approach with a focus on commonality.

Garcia, Jerry L.; McCleskey, Carey M.; Bollo, Timothy R.; Rhodes, Russel E.; Robinson, John W.

2012-01-01

145

75 FR 36245 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...health and the environment, promote equitable development, and help address...housing and urban development programs. This...respect to the environment has been made for...Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh...

2010-06-24

146

Conventional Housing Conditions Attenuate the Development of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis  

PubMed Central

Background The etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) has remained unclear, but a causative contribution of factors outside the central nervous system (CNS) is conceivable. It was recently suggested that gut bacteria trigger the activation of CNS-reactive T cells and the development of demyelinative disease. Methods C57BL/6 (B6) mice were kept either under specific pathogen free or conventional housing conditions, immunized with the myelin basic protein (MBP)–proteolipid protein (PLP) fusion protein MP4 and the development of EAE was clinically monitored. The germinal center size of the Peyer’s patches was determined by immunohistochemistry in addition to the level of total IgG secretion which was assessed by ELISPOT. ELISPOT assays were also used to measure MP4-specific T cell and B cell responses in the Peyer’s patches and the spleen. Ear swelling assays were performed to determine the extent of delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions in specific pathogen free and conventionally housed mice. Results In B6 mice that were actively immunized with MP4 and kept under conventional housing conditions clinical disease was significantly attenuated compared to specific pathogen free mice. Conventionally housed mice displayed increased levels of IgG secretion in the Peyer’s patches, while the germinal center formation in the gut and the MP4-specific TH17 response in the spleen were diminished after immunization. Accordingly, these mice displayed an attenuated delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction in ear swelling assays. Conclusions The data corroborate the notion that housing conditions play a substantial role in the induction of murine EAE and suggest that the presence of gut bacteria might be associated with a decreased immune response to antigens of lower affinity. This concept could be of importance for MS and calls for caution when considering the therapeutic approach to treat patients with antibiotics. PMID:24919069

Goecer, Oktay; Recks, Mascha S.; Kuerten, Stefanie

2014-01-01

147

The impact of housing rehabilitation on local neighborhoods: the case of small community development organizations.  

PubMed

Across the nation, nonprofit organizations located in poor and declining neighborhoods are promoting homeownership in the hopes that their efforts will stave off decline and contribute to neighborhood stability. A common homeownership strategy among nonprofits is to acquire boarded-up or deteriorated homes at a low price, rehabilitate them, and then sell them at an affordable price. As these programs continue, nonprofit organizations want to show quantitatively that neighborhood revitalization works—that the funds devoted to an area stabilize neighborhoods or, even more, that they initiate a surge of continued upward progress. But, unlike their larger counterparts, smaller community development organizations are usually at a disadvantage in undertaking such an evaluation. This study will help illustrate what might be done. It focuses on the case of St. Joseph's Carpenter Society (SJCS) in Camden, New Jersey and assesses the quantitative impact that SJCS has on its target neighborhoods. A three-tiered approach is adopted that ranges from a target and comparison area analysis, to regression analysis of SJCS's impact on local housing prices, and finally to an examination of the relative market performance of SJCS's houses. All told, the analysis suggests that SJCS's rehabilitation and homeownership education activities appear to have a positive influence on the neighborhoods in its target area. PMID:21322894

Smith, Marvin M; Hevener, Christy Chung

2011-01-01

148

Developing a primary health care management information system that supports the pursuit of equity, effectiveness and affordability.  

PubMed

A key set of goals of primary health care (PHC) includes equity, effectiveness and affordability. By equity, we mean universal coverage and care according to need; by effectiveness, that the system has a favorable impact on mortality and serious morbidity; by affordability, that the system is within the budgetary reach of government and communities. There are other requirements of PHC as well: that the system be socially and culturally acceptable, and that communities are active participants in the development and implementation of the system. Further, the PHC system should be compatible with larger system of a region or country, and possibly serve as a prototype for the development of larger health systems. With these requirements in mind, the Aga Khan University has developed a series of community-based, urban PHC systems, each serving a population of about 10,000, in the katchi abadis (squatter settlements) of Karachi. These communities are severely deprived, with high infant, child and maternal mortality rates. The PHC systems are designed to achieve equity, effectiveness and affordability, and within 3-5 years have advanced substantially toward those goals. A key factor in those developments has been the management information system (MIS), which has served as a basis for planning, managing and evaluating the PHC systems. Central questions about such an MIS are: What kind of MIS design is necessary to support the pursuit of those goals? What problems arise in the MIS as such a system is implemented? What kinds of changes and adaptations need to be considered in the MIS as the PHC system itself matures? What does the PHC system cost, and what part of the total cost of the PHC system is attributable to the MIS? How practical is this kind of MIS, developed in small prototype PHC systems, for replicability in larger health systems? What are the possibilities and requirements for simplification in order to be used in health systems that are less intensively managed? The experience of AKU in Pakistan in the development of PHC systems, with associated management information systems, helps to answer these questions. PMID:8456328

Husein, K; Adeyi, O; Bryant, J; Cara, N B

1993-03-01

149

Factors related to rapidity of housing placement in Housing and Urban Development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing program of 1990s.  

PubMed

The Housing and Urban Development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program is the largest supported housing program in the country for homeless veterans who are seeking rapid entry into permanent independent housing. This study examined factors related to how rapidly clients were housed in the early years of the program and how long they stayed in the program. Mental health, substance abuse, work/income, criminal history, and site were examined as predictors of process times. Regression analyses based on 627 HUD-VASH clients who entered the program between 1992 and 2003 showed that client characteristics were not rate-limiting factors for obtaining HUD-VASH housing; i.e., clients who had greater substance abuse problems or more extensive criminal histories did not take longer to obtain housing. The large differences associated with site of entry partly reflected a curvilinear relationship between the duration of operation of the HUD-VASH program and process times; i.e., at relatively younger and older programs, clients entered housing slightly faster than at programs in the middle range. Lastly, HUD-VASH clients whose case managers reported good therapeutic alliances stayed in the program longer. These findings have implications for the continued expansion of the HUD-VASH program. PMID:21938662

Tsai, Jack; O'Connell, Maria; Kasprow, Wesley J; Rosenheck, Robert A

2011-01-01

150

An international analysis of cigarette affordability  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate how affordable cigarettes are in developed and developing countries, and to calculate by how much the affordability of cigarettes has changed between 1990 and 2001; and secondly, to investigate the relation between cigarette affordability and consumption. Design: Affordability was defined as the cost of cigarettes relative to per capita income. Trends in cigarette affordability, and affordability elasticities of demand, were estimated using regression techniques. Subjects: Seventy countries were investigated, of which 28 are categorised as high income developed countries, while 42 are categorised as developing countries. Cigarette prices were obtained for the main city/cities in the countries. Results: Despite the fact that cigarettes are more expensive in developed countries, the high levels of income make cigarettes more affordable in these countries vis-à-vis developing countries. Of the 28 developed countries, cigarettes became more affordable in 11 and less affordable in 17 countries during the 1990s. Of the 42 developing countries, cigarettes became more affordable in 24 and less affordable in 18 countries. Based on a cross sectional analysis, a 1% increase in the relative income price (the inverse of cigarette affordability) is expected to decrease cigarette consumption by between 0.49–0.57%. Conclusions: Cigarette affordability, more than just the price, determines cigarette consumption. While cigarettes have become more affordable in many developing countries, some developing countries (for example, South Africa, Poland, and Thailand) have implemented strong and effective tobacco control policies, and have been able to decrease cigarette consumption as a result. PMID:15564616

Blecher, E; van Walbeek, C P

2004-01-01

151

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

...for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.209 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Voluntary Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2014-04-01

152

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.209 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Voluntary Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2013-04-01

153

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.106 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2013-04-01

154

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.106 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2012-04-01

155

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.209 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Voluntary Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2010-04-01

156

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

...for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.106 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2014-04-01

157

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.209 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Voluntary Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2012-04-01

158

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.106 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2010-04-01

159

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3 -- Design Development and Prototyping  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective alternative envelope designs. In the near term, these technologies will play a central role in meeting stringent energy code requirements. For manufactured homes, the thermal requirements, last updated by statute in 1994, will move up to the more rigorous IECC 2012 levels in 2013, the requirements of which are consistent with site built and modular housing. This places added urgency on identifying envelope technologies that the industry can implement in the short timeframe. The primary goal of this research is to develop wall designs that meet the thermal requirements based on 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing the new envelope technologies. This work is part of a four-phase, multi-year effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three selected methods for building high performance wall systems. Phase 2 focused on the development of viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped critique and select the most viable solution to move further in the research -- stud walls with continuous exterior insulation. Phase 3, the subject of the current report, focused on the design development of the selected wall concept and explored variations on the use of exterior foam insulation. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing.

Levy, E.; Kessler, B.; Mullens, M.; Rath, P.

2014-01-01

160

UC DAVIS STUDENT HOUSING OFFICE OF STUDENT DEVELOPMENT, (530) 752-1736  

E-print Network

in their community. Be in good academic and judicial standing with the University and Student Housing and haveUC DAVIS STUDENT HOUSING OFFICE OF STUDENT DEVELOPMENT, (530) 752-1736 CULTURAL PROGRAMMER (CP for your interest. Student Housing staff positions are exciting and challenging and a great way to develop

California at Davis, University of

161

Community interventions to promote healthy social environments: early childhood development and family housing. A report on recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services.  

PubMed

The sociocultural environment exerts a fundamental influence on health. Interventions to improve education, housing, employment, and access to health care contribute to healthy and safe environments and improved community health. The Task Force on Community Preventive Services (the Task Force) has conducted systematic reviews of early childhood development interventions and family housing interventions. The topics selected provide a unique, albeit small, beginning of the review of evidence that interventions do effectively address sociocultural factors that influence health. Based on these reviews, the Task Force strongly recommends publicly funded, center-based, comprehensive early childhood development programs for low-income children aged 3-5 years. The basis for the recommendation is evidence of effectiveness in preventing developmental delay, assessed by improvements in grade retention and placement in special education. The Task Force also recommends housing subsidy programs for low-income families, which provide rental vouchers for use in the private housing market and allow families choice in residential location. This recommendation is based on outcomes of improved neighborhood safety and families' reduced exposure to violence. The Task Force concludes that insufficient evidence is available on which to base a recommendation for or against creation of mixed-income housing developments that provide safe and affordable housing in neighborhoods with adequate goods and services. This report provides additional information regarding these recommendations, briefly describes how the reviews were conducted, and discusses implications for applying the interventions locally. PMID:11843093

Anderson, Laurie M; Shinn, Carolynne; St, Charles Joseph; Fullilove, Mindy T; Scrimshaw, Susan C; Fielding, Jonathan E; Normand, Jacques; Sanchez-Way, Ruth; Richardson, Todd

2002-02-01

162

Developing Technological and Pedagogical Affordances to Support Collaborative Inquiry Science Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One key feature of scientific community is collaborative shared enquiry and problem solving mediated by electronic networks. We report on the development and evaluation of an ICT tool to support learning how to learn together (L2L2) in Science Education as part of an EC funded project called "Metafora" (FP7-ICT-2009.4.2/257872). Through literature…

Pifarre, Manoli; Wegerif, Rupert; Guiral, Alba; del Barrio, Merce

2012-01-01

163

Emergences and Affordances as Opportunities to Develop Teachers' Mathematical Content Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' mathematical content knowledge has been under scrutiny for some time. This development is in the wake of learners' unsatisfactory performance in national examinations and international achievement tests. A widely held belief is that one, if not the most important, of the efforts to improve and enhance the performance and…

Julie, Cyril

2014-01-01

164

Propulsion Health Management System Development for Affordable and Reliable Operation of Space Exploration Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The constraints of future Exploration Missions will require unique integrated system health management capabilities throughout the mission. An ambitious launch schedule, human-rating requirements, long quiescent periods, limited human access for repair or replacement, and long communication delays, all require an integrated approach to health management that can span distinct, yet interdependent vehicle subsystems, anticipate failure states, provide autonomous remediation and support the Exploration Mission from beginning to end. Propulsion is a critical part of any space exploration mission, and monitoring the health of the propulsion system is an integral part of assuring mission safety and success. Health management is a somewhat ubiquitous technology that encompasses a large spectrum of physical components and logical processes. For this reason, it is essential to develop a systematic plan for propulsion health management system development. This paper provides a high-level perspective of propulsion health management systems, and describes a logical approach for the future planning and early development that are crucial to planned space exploration programs. It also presents an overall approach, or roadmap, for propulsion health management system development and a discussion of the associated roadblocks and challenges.

Melcher, Kevin J.; Maul, William A.; Garg, Sanjay

2007-01-01

165

Air pollution control system research: An iterative approach to developing affordable systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes a Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) funded project led jointly by the Marine Corps Multi-Commodity Maintenance Centers, and the Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory (AEERL) of the USEPA. The research focuses on paint booth exhaust minimization using recirculation, and on volatile organic compound (VOC) oxidation by the modules of a hybrid air pollution control system. The research team is applying bench, pilot and full scale systems to accomplish the goals of reduced cost and improved effectiveness of air treatment systems for paint booth exhaust.

Watt, Lewis C.; Cannon, Fred S.; Heinsohn, Robert J.; Spaeder, Timothy A.

1995-01-01

166

Modeling and validation of the thermal performance of an affordable, energy efficient, healthy dwelling unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thermal performance of an affordable energy-efficient single-story residential building designated as Tuskegee Healthy\\u000a House (THH) was simulated by developing a computational model for the house using Visual DOE-4 commercial software. Visual\\u000a DOE-4 package employs the same calculation engine of the proven DOE-2 building Energy Analysis program. The THH was built\\u000a from conventional building materials and construction methods according to

Mahmoud A. Hassan; Sayed S. Shebl; Essam A. Ibrahim; Heshmat A. Aglan

2011-01-01

167

Silver bullet or trojan horse? The effects of inclusionary zoning on local housing markets in the United States.  

PubMed

Many local governments are adopting inclusionary zoning (IZ) as a means of producing affordable housing without direct public subsidies. In this paper, panel data on IZ in the San Francisco metropolitan area and suburban Boston are used to analyse how much affordable housing the programmes produce and how IZ affects the prices and production of market-rate housing. The amount of affordable housing produced under IZ has been modest and depends primarily on how long IZ has been in place. Results from suburban Boston suggest that IZ has contributed to increased housing prices and lower rates of production during periods of regional house price appreciation. In the San Francisco area, IZ also appears to increase housing prices in times of regional price appreciation, but to decrease prices during cooler regional markets. There is no evidence of a statistically significant effect of IZ on new housing development in the Bay Area. PMID:21275196

Schuetz, Jenny; Meltzer, Rachel; Been, Vicki

2011-01-01

168

Low-income housing : alternative strategies for building construction and project control  

E-print Network

Housing low-income groups, who cannot afford even the most minimal shelter, remains a dominant issue in most developing countries. However, all the solutions advanced so far depend on large investments, either by the ...

Sultan, Javed

1982-01-01

169

76 FR 73988 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-08] Redelegation...Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987 AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987, the Fair Housing...

2011-11-29

170

ADVANCED WASTE TREATMENT FOR HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Treatment of wastewater from a subdivision in a physical-chemical treatment plant (screening, chemical coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, carbon adsorption, chlorination) was evaluated. The 190 cu m/day (50,000 gal/day) plant was housed in the shell of a standard house on a ...

171

HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items  

E-print Network

HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items June 23, 2008 Last week the House Energy and Water Development Subcommittee completed its action on their version of the FY09 Energy and Water Development bill. The draft report language is below. The full

172

Jobs-housing balance, transit-oriented development, and commute time: Integrating  

E-print Network

Jobs-housing balance, transit-oriented development, and commute time: Integrating GIS and GPS 6 discusses two major issues in economic development related to transportation costs and commuting--the jobs-housing balance and transit-oriented development--and also looks at how GPS technology can be used along with GIS

Qiu, Weigang

173

Ris-R-1287(EN) Affordances in Activity Theory and  

E-print Network

.3 Affordances are intentional: developing the early principles of Ecological Information Systems (EIS) 26 Structured affordance spaces in EIS 27 EIS and loosely coupled domains 28 EIS affordance spaces

174

An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy.  

PubMed

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy(-1) can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min(-1)) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37 degrees C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding +/-30 degrees C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations. PMID:20090184

Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

2010-02-21

175

Strategies to develop and preserve affordable housing along the Green Line extension for the Somerville Community Corporation  

E-print Network

This thesis explores the history and mission of the Somerville Community Corporation (SCC) within the context of the City of Somerville, and the factors that have contributed to its successes and failures in the past, ...

Gorewitz, Cali

2008-01-01

176

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE HOUSING MARKET IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE HOUSING MARKET IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Lucija Muehlenbachs © notice, is given to the source. #12;The Housing Market Impacts of Shale Gas Development Lucija to control for confounding factors, we recover hedonic estimates of property value impacts from shale gas

Habib, Ayman

177

In-House Software Development: What Project Management Practices Lead to Success?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project management is an important part of software development, both for organizations that rely on third-party software development and for those whose software is developed primarily in-house. Moreover, quantitative survey-based research regarding software development's early, nontechnical aspects is lacking. To help provide a project management perspective for managers responsible for in-house software development, we conducted a survey in an attempt

June M. Verner; William M. Evanco

2005-01-01

178

Affordable Housing for Artists: A Sustainable Prototype  

E-print Network

in the graphs in Figures 1-44. The average rainfall is thirty-two inches a year.5 Thus, cooling and water issues are important considerations in this project. George Bomar, Texas Weather (Austin: University of Texas Press, 199S), 214-46. Christensen, Bill... of these cisterns. Rainwater is a free resource and should be retained on the site for both irrigation and indoor uses. 23 Christensen, Bill. 1997. "Water Budget." City of Austin Green Builder Program's Sustainable Building Sourcebook. Last accessed September...

Ness, M.

1998-01-01

179

Systematic temporal patterns in the relationship between housing development and forest bird biodiversity.  

PubMed

As people encroach increasingly on natural areas, one question is how this affects avian biodiversity. The answer to this is partly scale-dependent. At broad scales, human populations and biodiversity concentrate in the same areas and are positively associated, but at local scales people and biodiversity are negatively associated with biodiversity. We investigated whether there is also a systematic temporal trend in the relationship between bird biodiversity and housing development. We used linear regression to examine associations between forest bird species richness and housing growth in the conterminous United States over 30 years. Our data sources were the North American Breeding Bird Survey and the 2000 decennial U.S. Census. In the 9 largest forested ecoregions, housing density increased continually over time. Across the conterminous United States, the association between bird species richness and housing density was positive for virtually all guilds except ground nesting birds. We found a systematic trajectory of declining bird species richness as housing increased through time. In more recently developed ecoregions, where housing density was still low, the association with bird species richness was neutral or positive. In ecoregions that were developed earlier and where housing density was highest, the association of housing density with bird species richness for most guilds was negative and grew stronger with advancing decades. We propose that in general the relationship between human settlement and biodiversity over time unfolds as a 2-phase process. The first phase is apparently innocuous; associations are positive due to coincidence of low-density housing with high biodiversity. The second phase is highly detrimental to biodiversity, and increases in housing density are associated with biodiversity losses. The long-term effect on biodiversity depends on the final housing density. This general pattern can help unify our understanding of the relationship of human encroachment and biodiversity response. PMID:24811862

Pidgeon, Anna M; Flather, Curtis H; Radeloff, Volker C; Lepczyk, Christopher A; Keuler, Nicholas S; Wood, Eric M; Stewart, Susan I; Hammer, Roger B

2014-10-01

180

Affordable MWIR staring sensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1993, FLIR SYStems, Inc. developed and established production of an MWIR staring sensor based upon affordable and reliable platinum silicide staring focal plane array technology. This sensor incorporates many new features in addition to the FPA technology that makes it well suited for a wide variety of applications. The FPA is a 240 X 320 area array of Schottky detectors read out in a snap shot progressive scan mode. The FPA architecture is a hybrid bump bonded detector to a CCD readout for high sensitivity and uniformity. The sensor uses a new miniature linear cooler with an integral dewar; this approach provides unsurpassed reliability and low power at affordable cost. The sensor electronics contain electronically programmable logic to read out the FPA and format the detector gain and offset nonuniformity correction circuitry. The video output can be controlled by manual gain/level or by automatic mode. The optics are designed to be low cost, light weight and easily interchangeable to serve a wide variety of applications. The sensor is designed to support all video formats and be user friendly. The compact size and low power is well suited for portable applications.

Gates, James L.; Causley, Gary; Hayden, Bob; Licata, John; Rees, Roger; Weaver, James

1994-07-01

181

Housing and Health: Time Again for Public Health Action  

PubMed Central

Poor housing conditions are associated with a wide range of health conditions, including respiratory infections, asthma, lead poisoning, injuries, and mental health. Addressing housing issues offers public health practitioners an opportunity to address an important social determinant of health. Public health has long been involved in housing issues. In the 19th century, health officials targeted poor sanitation, crowding, and inadequate ventilation to reduce infectious diseases as well as fire hazards to decrease injuries. Today, public health departments can employ multiple strategies to improve housing, such as developing and enforcing housing guidelines and codes, implementing “Healthy Homes” programs to improve indoor environmental quality, assessing housing conditions, and advocating for healthy, affordable housing. Now is the time for public health to create healthier homes by confronting substandard housing. PMID:11988443

Krieger, James; Higgins, Donna L.

2002-01-01

182

76 FR 73989 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-09] Redelegation...Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 and HUD's...

2011-11-29

183

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2012-04-01

184

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2014-04-01

185

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2011-04-01

186

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2010-04-01

187

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2013-04-01

188

75 FR 38514 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Challenge Planning Grants and the Department of Transportation's TIGER II Planning Grants Correction In notice document 2010-15353 beginning on page 36246 in the issue of Thursday, June 24,...

2010-07-02

189

DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR SPECIFIC LAWN- APPLIED PESTICIDES IN HOUSE DUST  

EPA Science Inventory

Many pesticides have been developed for residential outdoor application, particularly for lawn care. Residues from these applications may be tracked into the home, where they become incorporated with house dust and persist for long periods of time. Consequently, potential human...

190

An evaluation of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work voucher program  

E-print Network

Since implementation nearly 10 years ago there has been limited research into the outcomes of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work rental subsidy program. The Congressionally ...

Mahdavi, Pedram

2009-01-01

191

Psychosocial predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDAdolescents residing in low-income public housing developments in inner-city regions may be particularly vulnerable to a variety of risk factors associated with cigarette smoking.OBJECTIVETo elucidate the aetiology of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments.DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTSWe examined predictors of smoking from four domains: background characteristics, social influences, behavioural control, and psychosocial characteristics using a sample of

Jennifer A Epstein; Christopher Williams; Gilbert J Botvin; Tracy Diaz; Michelle Ifill-Williams

1999-01-01

192

NASA in-house Commercially Developed Space Facility (CDSF) study report. Volume 1: Concept configuration definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a NASA in-house team effort to develop a concept definition for a Commercially Developed Space Facility (CDSF) are presented. Science mission utilization definition scenarios are documented, the conceptual configuration definition system performance parameters qualified, benchmark operational scenarios developed, space shuttle interface descriptions provided, and development schedule activity was assessed with respect to the establishment of a proposed launch date.

Deryder, L. J.; Chiger, H. D.; Deryder, D. D.; Detweiler, K. N.; Dupree, R. L.; Gillespie, V. P.; Hall, J. B.; Heck, M. L.; Herrick, D. C.; Katzberg, S. J.

1989-01-01

193

Development and analysis of energy consumption norms for family housing. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Congress has directed in PL 95-82 and PL 95-101 that ceilings be established for energy consumption in military housing, and that a method be developed for assessing actual energy consumption above the ceiling. This report describes and analyzes a procedure used to set energy consumption ceilings (norms) for military family housing during a 1-year test program. The report includes the

L. M. Windingland; D. J. Leverenz

1982-01-01

194

Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1985  

SciTech Connect

The text of an act making apropriations for the Department of Housing and Urban Development and sundry independent agencies, boards, commissions, corporations, and offices for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985 is given. Money is appropriated for rent supplements, housing counseling Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank, urban homesteadng, American Battle Monuments, Commission, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Environmental Protection Agency, and other agencies and programs.

Not Available

1984-01-01

195

Critical Pedagogy, Experiential Learning and Active Citizenship: A Freirean Perspective on Tenant Involvement in Housing Stock Transfers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key feature of housing policy in the UK is the transfer of affordable housing stock owned by local authorities to not-for-profit registered social landlords. Such transfers involve local authority tenants to varying degrees in the development and implementation of the transfer proposals. Reporting the findings of a series of interviews with…

McCormack, John

2008-01-01

196

Developing empirically supported theories of change for housing investment and health  

PubMed Central

The assumption that improving housing conditions can lead to improved health may seem a self-evident hypothesis. Yet evidence from intervention studies suggests small or unclear health improvements, indicating that further thought is required to refine this hypothesis. Articulation of a theory can help avoid a black box approach to research and practice and has been advocated as especially valuable for those evaluating complex social interventions like housing. This paper presents a preliminary theory of housing improvement and health based on a systematic review conducted by the authors. Following extraction of health outcomes, data on all socio-economic impacts were extracted by two independent reviewers from both qualitative and quantitative studies. Health and socio-economic outcome data from the better quality studies (n = 23/34) were mapped onto a one page logic models by two independent reviewers and a final model reflecting reviewer agreement was prepared. Where there was supporting evidence of links between outcomes these were indicated in the model. Two models of specific improvements (warmth & energy efficiency; and housing led renewal), and a final overall model were prepared. The models provide a visual map of the best available evidence on the health and socio-economic impacts of housing improvement. The use of a logic model design helps to elucidate the possible pathways between housing improvement and health and as such might be described as an empirically based theory. Changes in housing factors were linked to changes in socio-economic determinants of health. This points to the potential for longer term health impacts which could not be detected within the lifespan of the evaluations. The developed theories are limited by the available data and need to be tested and refined. However, in addition to providing one page summaries for evidence users, the theory may usefully inform future research on housing and health. PMID:25461878

Thomson, Hilary; Thomas, Sian

2015-01-01

197

Developing empirically supported theories of change for housing investment and health.  

PubMed

The assumption that improving housing conditions can lead to improved health may seem a self-evident hypothesis. Yet evidence from intervention studies suggests small or unclear health improvements, indicating that further thought is required to refine this hypothesis. Articulation of a theory can help avoid a black box approach to research and practice and has been advocated as especially valuable for those evaluating complex social interventions like housing. This paper presents a preliminary theory of housing improvement and health based on a systematic review conducted by the authors. Following extraction of health outcomes, data on all socio-economic impacts were extracted by two independent reviewers from both qualitative and quantitative studies. Health and socio-economic outcome data from the better quality studies (n = 23/34) were mapped onto a one page logic models by two independent reviewers and a final model reflecting reviewer agreement was prepared. Where there was supporting evidence of links between outcomes these were indicated in the model. Two models of specific improvements (warmth & energy efficiency; and housing led renewal), and a final overall model were prepared. The models provide a visual map of the best available evidence on the health and socio-economic impacts of housing improvement. The use of a logic model design helps to elucidate the possible pathways between housing improvement and health and as such might be described as an empirically based theory. Changes in housing factors were linked to changes in socio-economic determinants of health. This points to the potential for longer term health impacts which could not be detected within the lifespan of the evaluations. The developed theories are limited by the available data and need to be tested and refined. However, in addition to providing one page summaries for evidence users, the theory may usefully inform future research on housing and health. PMID:25461878

Thomson, Hilary; Thomas, Sian

2015-01-01

198

The Impact of University Housing Construction Type on Psychosocial Development of First-Year Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of university housing construction type on psychosocial development of first-year students. Data were collected at a large, four-year, public, research university in the Southeast using the Student Development Task and Lifestyle Assessment. The population considered for this study consisted of…

Owens, Justin Tyler

2010-01-01

199

Developing Measures of Job Performance for Support Staff in Housing Services for People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is an absence of research concerning the assessment of housing support worker job performance, particularly in the development of job performance measures that reflect the priorities of people with intellectual disabilities and their families. Method: A worker-oriented job analysis method was used to develop four short job…

Hatton, Chris; Wigham, Sarah; Craig, Jaime

2009-01-01

200

Taking the Evolutionary Road to Developing an In-House Cost Estimate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the process and some of the problems and challenges of developing an In-House Cost Estimate (IHCE). Using as an example the Space Network Ground Segment Sustainment (SGSS) project, the presentation reviews the phases for developing a Cost estimate within the project to estimate government and contractor project costs to support a budget request.

Jacintho, David; Esker, Lind; Herman, Frank; Lavaque, Rodolfo; Regardie, Myma

2011-01-01

201

Managing In-House Development of a Campus-Wide Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To show how a combination of hard and soft project and change management methodologies guided successful in-house development of a campus-wide information system. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of the methodologies and management structures that guided the development is presented. Findings: Applying a combination of the…

Shurville, Simon; Williams, John

2005-01-01

202

Radiation Shielding Options for the Affordable Fission Surface Power System  

SciTech Connect

The Affordable Fission Surface Power System (AFSPS) is a proposed power source for an outpost capable of housing six humans for up to six weeks on the lunar surface and emphasizes the design principles of low risk and affordability over high performance. The radiation shield is the most massive component of the reactor system and its effect on launch mass greatly affects the affordability of the AFSPS. Potential shielding materials include lithium hydride, enriched boron-10 carbide, water, borated water, beryllium, boron-doped beryllium and zirconium hydride. Zirconium hydride is the most effective neutron attenuator and also significantly attenuates gamma radiation, but at a significant mass penalty. The other neutron attenuating materials all require the addition of a tungsten layer to provide significant gamma attenuation. Based on neutron radiation alone, lithium hydride is the lightest of the potential attenuators, followed by water and borated water. When gamma radiation is also considered, the lithium hydride/tungsten shield is shown to be the lightest composite shield with a combined mass of 3246 kg, followed by the borated water/tungsten shield (3479 kg). The boron carbide/tungsten shield has a total mass of 4129 kg, but represents significantly less development risk.

Craft, Aaron E.; King, Jeffrey C. [Mining and Nuclear Engineering Department Missouri University of Science and Technology 222 Fulton Hall, 301 W. 14th Street Rolla, MO 65401(United States)

2009-03-16

203

Affordability Approaches for Human Space Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design and development of historical NASA Programs (Apollo, Shuttle and International Space Station), have been based on pre-agreed missions which included specific pre-defined destinations (e.g., the Moon and low Earth orbit). Due to more constrained budget profiles, and the desire to have a more flexible architecture for Mission capture as it is affordable, NASA is working toward a set of Programs that are capability based, rather than mission and/or destination specific. This means designing for a performance capability that can be applied to a specific human exploration mission/destination later (sometime years later). This approach does support developing systems to flatter budgets over time, however, it also poses the challenge of how to accomplish this effectively while maintaining a trained workforce, extensive manufacturing, test and launch facilities, and ensuring mission success ranging from Low Earth Orbit to asteroid destinations. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in support of Exploration Systems Directorate (ESD) in Washington, DC has been developing approaches to track affordability across multiple Programs. The first step is to ensure a common definition of affordability: the discipline to bear cost in meeting a budget with margin over the life of the program. The second step is to infuse responsibility and accountability for affordability into all levels of the implementing organization since affordability is no single person s job; it is everyone s job. The third step is to use existing data to identify common affordability elements organized by configuration (vehicle/facility), cost, schedule, and risk. The fourth step is to analyze and trend this affordability data using an affordability dashboard to provide status, measures, and trends for ESD and Program level of affordability tracking. This paper will provide examples of how regular application of this approach supports affordable and therefore sustainable human space exploration architecture.

Holladay, Jon; Smith, David Alan

2012-01-01

204

Board Member Development in the Public, Voluntary and Social Housing Sectors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Given a number of recent and ongoing changes to the role and responsibilities of executive and non-executive board members of UK social housing organisations, the paper aims to offer a literature review which explores the development provision for board members within such organisations. The paper's key question is: "How are executive and…

Ward, Carolyn; Preece, David

2012-01-01

205

The Department of Housing and Urban Development and Cooperative Extension: A Case for Urban Collaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

U.S. Department of Agriculture-sponsored cooperative extension systems and university programs offered through the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development may find themselves in collaboration or conflict as both expand urban outreach activities. A case study in Des Moines, Iowa, illustrates how collaboration can occur and redundancy…

Borich, Timothy O.

2001-01-01

206

Developing Your Own Individualized Instruction: In-House Production of Super-8 Mediated Learning Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes steps for in-house production of Super-8 mediated learning packages for automotive and life science courses. The individualized instructional format of the packages encourages student interaction, provides hands-on experience in skill development, allows students to proceed at their own pace, and enables students to enter a course at any…

Clifford, John J.; Clifford, Christine P.

1982-01-01

207

G.V.P. REDDY Development of semiochemical-based strategies for old-house borer,  

E-print Network

G.V.P. REDDY Development of semiochemical-based strategies for old-house borer, Hylotrupes bajulus (Reddy & Guerrero, 2004; 2010). To improve the surveillance capability, much research has been done (Reddy et al., 2005a; 2005b). Additionally, our previous studies indicate a ground trap baited

Reddy, Gadi VP

208

Effects of low-density housing development on shrubland birds in western Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing development in rural areas is the fastest-growing type of land use in the U.S. For birds, development near natural habitats is a problem because it can reduce abundances and nesting success and increase brood parasitism by brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater). In southern New England, populations of shrubland birds are declining rapidly while exurban development is widespread and increasing. We

Scott Schlossberg; David I. King; Richard B. Chandler

2011-01-01

209

AFFORDABLE INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE IN  

E-print Network

to be responsible for it. BAKER: Talking about pervasive com- puting, when viewed for the whole world and especially with him about the affordability of the PCtvt--an information appli- ance combining a PC, television. Genevieve Bell received her BA and MA in anthropology from Bryn Mawr College and her PhD in cultural

Baker, Mary G.

210

The Problem with Affordance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the concept of "affordance", a term widely used in the literature on learning and technology to try and explain the properties technologies have. It is argued that the concept has drifted so far from its origins that it is now too ambiguous to be analytically valuable. In addition, it is suggested that its origins in…

Oliver, Martin

2005-01-01

211

_________ _________ ___________Affordable Vocational Rehabilitation  

E-print Network

to patients ranging from unskilled to highly skilled? · How does the OT effectively conduct a vocational reunion | 15-July -2011 #12;3 · Work setting · Burning questions re affordable occupational therapy by the QUALITY OF LIFE the PATIENT EXPERIENCES after appropriate interventions. WORK SETTING © Mediclinic

Geldenhuys, Jaco

212

Development and evaluation of an affordable lift device to reduce musculo-skeletal injuries among home support workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Home support workers (HSWs) work in clients’ homes assisting with rehabilitation and activities of daily living. Like all health-care professionals, HSWs are at an increased risk for developing back injuries. Lift devices have been shown to reduce injuries to the worker. Presently, there are few lifting devices for home use that cost under $4000 CDN. Our study involved designing a

Helen Heacock; Nancy Paris-Seeley; Craig Tokuno; Sara Frederking; Brian Keane; Johanne Mattie; Ryan Kanigan; James Watzke

2004-01-01

213

The Development of an Implementation Model for ICT in Education: An Example of the Interaction of Affordances and Multimodality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the development of a model targeted at non-specialist practitioners implementing innovations that involve information and communication technology (ICT) in education. It is based on data from a national evaluation of ICT-based projects in initial teacher education, which included a large-scale questionnaire survey and six…

Hadfield, Mark; Jopling, Michael

2014-01-01

214

Uncovering Black/African American and Latina/o students' motivation to learn science: Affordances to science identity development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following dissertation reports on a qualitative exploration that serves two main goals: (1) to qualitatively define and highlight science motivation development of Black/African American and Latina/o students as they learn science in middle school, high school, and in college and (2) to reveal through personal narratives how successful entry and persistence in science by this particular group is linked to the development of their science identities. The targeted population for this study is undergraduate students of color in science fields at a college or university. The theoretical frameworks for this study are constructivist theory, motivation theory, critical theory, and identity theories. The methodological approach is narrative which includes students' science learning experiences throughout the course of their academic lives. I use The Science Motivation Questionnaire II to obtain baseline data to quantitatively assess for motivation to learn science. Data from semi-structured interviews from selected participants were collected, coded, and configured into a story, and emergent themes reveal the important role of science learning in both informal and formal settings, but especially in informal settings that contribute to better understandings of science and the development of science identities for these undergraduate students of color. The findings have implications for science teaching in schools and teacher professional development in science learning.

Mahfood, Denise Marcia

215

The Affordances of Blogging as a Practice to Support Ninth-Grade Science Teachers' Identity Development as Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, teacher leadership is being recognized as an essential ingredient in education reforms; however, few teachers consider themselves leaders. Becoming a leader is not just acquiring knowledge and skills for leadership, but developing a new "professional identity." As teachers become leaders, however, this identity might put…

Hanuscin, Deborah L.; Cheng, Ya-Wen; Rebello, Carina; Sinha, Somnath; Muslu, Nilay

2014-01-01

216

Improved affordability of high precision submarine inertial navigation by insertion of rapidly developing fiber optic gyro technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life cycle cost containment of the strategic weapons system (SWS), without loss of ultra high performance, is a very important goal of the entire Navy Strategic Systems Program community. Boeing is responding by guiding large advances in the state-of-the art of fiber optic gyro technology and developing a new associated navigation system. All of the very stringent strategic weapons system

Dwayne W. Heckman; LT Michael Baretela

2000-01-01

217

Whose Lives Are These, Anyway? (A Comment on the Recently Issued Report on the Homeless and Emergency Shelters by the Department of Housing and Urban Development.).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Criticizes a recent government report for using faulty statistical methodology and thus grossly underestimating the numbers of homeless people in the United States. Also notes the report's failure to recognize the scarcity of affordable housing as a cause of homelessness. (GC)

Hopper, Kim

1984-01-01

218

A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)  

E-print Network

This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

Davis, Trevor Paul

1983-01-01

219

Design and development of an automatic small-scale house for teaching domotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the design and development characteristics of an automatic small-scale house (1:12). Several installations are controlled: seven light points, five plugs, heating in one room, technical alarms, intruder alarms, two garden irrigation areas, one blind and communications. The architecture of the centralised domotics system is based on a programmable logic controller Simatic S7-200, and on a tactile operator

Felipe Mateos; Víctor M. González; Reyes Poo; Marta García; Rosana Olaiz

2001-01-01

220

Early focus development effort, ultrasonic inspection of fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ultrasonic technique was developed for the fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline that will support the Flight 15 time frame and subsequent motors. The technique has the capability to detect a 1.0 inch diameter unbond with a 90 percent probability of detection (POD) at a 95 percent confidence level. The technique and support equipment will perform within the working envelope dictated by a stacked motor configuration.

Hartmann, John K.; Hoskins, Brad R.; Karner, Paul

1991-01-01

221

Analysis of Housing Partnerships using the Balanced Scorecard framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing Partnerships (HPs) are collaborative arrangements that assist communities in the delivery of affordable housing by combining the strengths of the public and private sectors. They emerged in several states, counties, and cities in the eighties as innovative solutions to the challenges in affordable housing resulting from changing dynamics of delivery and production. ^ My study examines HPs with particular

Zhayda Garzon

2011-01-01

222

Economy in energy through alternative sources of energy in mass-housing of developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Energy is an integral part of the development process and a major determinant for the improvement of the quality of life in human settlements. Skyrocketing oil price increases in recent years has made development increasingly difficult for at least two-thirds of the developing countries. An increasing number of developing countries are searching for new sources of energy and more efficient use of what is available. So, there is a need for well thought-out comprehensive energy saving program. There is a need for radical thinking in devising new and innovative energy policies, which should be dynamic, technologically flexible, and responsive to the needs and aspirations of people. There is large percentage of energy used in buildings which can be economised in the planning of new settlements. The paper discusses and recommends the adoption of some of the straight-forward technology through which there is a full scope for minimizing the usage of energy in housing. Moving ahead, the paper also makes suggestions to developing countries how to develop and adopt alternative sources of energy in housing; especially solar energy, for cooling and heating purposes, because in solar energy most of the developing countries are very rich. Further, the paper strongly recommends that Universities, Colleges, and Schools should teach the latest concepts of energy conservation and use of alternative energy sources. However, the largest savings in energy consumption would arise from a real desire and economy consciousness on the part of the individual in the community to limit energy usage.

Sinha, I.B.

1980-12-01

223

Arctic house  

E-print Network

Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

1999-01-01

224

Seasonal variability in environmental tobacco smoke exposure in public housing developments.  

PubMed

The risk of tobacco smoking and second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure combined are the leading contributors to disease burden in high-income countries. Recent studies and policies are focusing on reducing exposure to SHS in multiunit housing (MUH), especially public housing. We examined seasonal patterns of SHS levels within indoor common areas located on Boston Housing Authority (BHA) properties. We measured weekly integrated and continuous fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) and passive airborne nicotine in six buildings of varying building and occupant characteristics in summer 2012 and winter 2013. The average weekly indoor PM2.5 concentration across all six developments was 9.2 ?g/m(3) , higher during winter monitoring period (10.3 ?g/m(3) ) compared with summer (8.0 ?g/m(3) ). Airborne nicotine concentrations ranged from no detection to about 5000 ng/m(3) (mean 311 ng/m(3) ). Nicotine levels were significantly higher in the winter compared with summer (620 vs. 85 ng/m(3) ; 95% CI: 72-998). Smoking-related exposures within Boston public housing vary by season, building types, and resident smoking policy. Our results represent exposure disparities that may contribute to health disparities in low-income communities and highlight the potential importance of efforts to mitigate SHS exposures during winter when outdoor-indoor exchange rates are low and smokers may tend to stay indoors. Our findings support the use of smoke-free policy as an effective tool to eliminate SHS exposure and protect non-smokers, especially residents of MUH. PMID:24750252

Arku, R E; Adamkiewicz, G; Vallarino, J; Spengler, J D; Levy, D E

2015-02-01

225

Capital for communities : connecting community development loan funds to individual investors  

E-print Network

Community development loan funds (CDLFs) play a critical role in financing affordable housing, small businesses, and non-profit organizations in low-income communities throughout the US. Since the 2008 financial crisis ...

Solomon, Ann DeMoss

2011-01-01

226

Residential development in Massachusetts : chapter 40B and the Trojan Horse  

E-print Network

Massachusetts General Laws Chapter 40B, also known as the "anti-snob zoning law", has become one of the state's most prolific affordable housing development tools: in the years since its passage in 1969 its provisions have ...

Schwartzberg, Theodore E

2008-01-01

227

Community Development Corporations and Welfare Reform: Linkages, Roles, and Impacts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of welfare reform on housing owned by community development corporations (CDCs), investigating how early implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) affected the financial status of CDCs' affordable housing developments. Five types of financial impacts were…

Wright, David J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Schill, Michael H.

228

24 CFR 81.19 - Affordability-Rent level definitions-tenant income is not known.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.19 Affordability—Rent level definitions—tenant income is not known. For purposes...

2010-04-01

229

Towards Worldwide Literacy: Technological Affordances, Economic Challenges, Affordable Technology  

E-print Network

Towards Worldwide Literacy: Technological Affordances, Economic Challenges, Affordable Technology Literacy Survey reports that "... while countries differ in the literacy attainment of their adult populations, none does so well that it can be said that it has no literacy problem" (Human Resources

Mostow, Jack

230

Affordable In-Space Transportation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Current and proposed launch systems will provide access to low-Earth orbit (LEO), and destinations beyond LEO, but the cost of delivering payloads will preclude the use of these services by many users. To develop and encourage revolutionary commercial utilization of geosynchronous orbit (GEO) and to provide an affordable means to continue NASA space science and exploration missions, the transportation costs to in-space destinations must be reduced. The principal objective of this study was to conceptually define three to four promising approaches to in-space transportation for delivery of satellites and other payloads, 3,000- to 10,000-lb class, to GEO destinations. This study established a methodology for evaluating in-space transportation systems based on life-cycle cost. The reusable concepts seemed to fare better in the evaluation than expendable, since a major driver in the life-cycle cost was the stage production cost.

Curtis, L. A.; VanDyke, M. K.; Lajoie, R. M.; Woodcock, G. R.

1996-01-01

231

Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction.

Syphard, Alexandra D.; Massada, Avi Bar; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E.

2013-01-01

232

Land Use Planning and Wildfire: Development Policies Influence Future Probability of Housing Loss  

PubMed Central

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction. PMID:23977120

Syphard, Alexandra D.; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E.

2013-01-01

233

Rationalizing urban land utilization : guidelines for housing developments in greater Khartoum, Sudan  

E-print Network

The housing crisis in Greater Khartoum manifests itself in a very high demand for housing and a deficient supply mechanism. This unsatisfied demand is reflected in high rents and land prices, high occupancy rates, and ...

Hamid, Gamal Mahmoud

1986-01-01

234

OSIRIS, an entirely in-house developed drug discovery informatics system.  

PubMed

We present OSIRIS, an entirely in-house developed drug discovery informatics system. Its components cover all information handling aspects from compound synthesis via biological testing to preclinical development. Its design principles are platform and vendor independence, a consistent look and feel, and complete coverage of the drug discovery process by custom tailored applications. These include electronic laboratory notebook applications for biology and chemistry, tools for high-throughput and secondary screening evaluation, chemistry-aware data visualization, physicochemical property prediction, 3D-pharmacophore comparisons, interactive modeling, computing grid based ligand-protein docking, and more. Most applications are developed in Java and are built on top of a Java library layer that provides reusable cheminformatics functionality and GUI components such as chemical editors, structure canonicalization, substructure search, combinatorial enumeration, enhanced stereo perception, force field minimization, and conformation generation. PMID:19434825

Sander, Thomas; Freyss, Joel; von Korff, Modest; Reich, Jacqueline Renée; Rufener, Christian

2009-02-01

235

Affordable inactivated poliovirus vaccine: strategies and progress.  

PubMed

After polio eradication is achieved, the use of live-attenuated oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) must be discontinued because of the inherent risk of the Sabin strains to revert to neurovirulence and reacquire greater transmissibility that could potentially result in the reestablishment of polio transmission. In 2008, the World Health Assembly mandated that the World Health Organization establish a strategy for developing more-affordable inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) options for low-income countries. In 2012, the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on Immunization recommended universal IPV introduction as a risk-mitigation strategy before the phased cessation of OPV (starting with Sabin type 2) and emphasized the need for affordable IPV options. In 2013, SAGE reiterated the importance of attaining the long-term target price of IPV at approximately $0.5 per immunizing dose and encouraged accelerated efforts to develop lower-cost IPV options. This article outlines the 4-pronged approach that is being pursued to develop affordable options and provides an update on the current status and plans to make IPV affordable for developing-country use. PMID:25316868

Okayasu, Hiromasa; Sutter, Roland W; Jafari, Hamid S; Takane, Marina; Aylward, R Bruce

2014-11-01

236

Affordable WDM components: the polymer solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

An advanced polymeric waveguide technology was developed for affordable WDM components that address the needs of both the Telecom and the Datacom industries. We engineered high- performance organic polymers that can be readily made into both multimode and single-mode optical waveguide structures of controlled numerical aperture and geometry. These materials are formed from highly-crosslinked acrylate monomers with specific linkages that

Louay A. Eldada; Shing Yin; Robert A. Norwood; James T. Yardley

1998-01-01

237

Affordances of Instrumentation in General Chemistry Laboratories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to find out what students in the first chemistry course at the undergraduate level (general chemistry for science majors) know about the affordances of instrumentation used in the general chemistry laboratory and how their knowledge develops over time. Overall, students see the PASCO(TM) system as a useful and accurate…

Sherman, Kristin Mary Daniels

2010-01-01

238

Housing Pregnant Mice (Mus musculus) in Small Groups Facilitates the Development of Odor-Based Homing in Offspring  

E-print Network

the mother to the offspring. Surrounding the body of data relevant to social effects on development's social context during pregnancy influences postnatal patterns of offspring development. Some researchHousing Pregnant Mice (Mus musculus) in Small Groups Facilitates the Development of Odor

239

Housing Circumstances are Associated with Household Food Access among Low-Income Urban Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Household food insecurity is a pervasive problem in North America with serious health consequences. While affordable housing\\u000a has been cited as a potential policy approach to improve food insecurity, the relationship between conventional notions of\\u000a housing affordability and household food security is not well understood. Furthermore, the influence of housing subsidies,\\u000a a key policy intervention aimed at improving housing affordability

Sharon I. Kirkpatrick; Valerie Tarasuk

2011-01-01

240

Advances in the development of FRIDA's mechanisms control system and house-keeping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FRIDA will be a near infrared imager and integral field spectrograph covering the wavelength range from 0.9 to 2.5 microns. Primary observing modes are: direct imaging and integral field spectroscopy. This paper describes the main advances in the development of the electronics and control system for both the mechanisms and house-keeping of FRIDA. In order to perform several tests of mechanisms in both room and cryogenic environments, a set of programs had been developed. All variables of the vacuum control system were determined and the main control structure based on one Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) had been established. A key function of the FRIDA's control system is keeping the integrity of cryostat during all processes, so we have designed a redundant heating control system which will be in charge of avoiding cryostat inner overheating. In addition, some improvements of cryogenic and room temperature cabling structure are described.

Flores-Meza, R.; Garcés, J.; Lara, G.; Sánchez, B.; Espejo, C.; Keiman, C.; Cuevas, S.; Díaz, J. J.

2014-07-01

241

Development of a Compact Maglev Centrifugal Blood Pump Enclosed in a Titanium Housing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A compact centrifugal blood pump consisting of a controlled two-degrees-of-freedom radial magnetic bearing and a brushless DC motor enclosed in a titanium housing has been developed for use as an implantable ventricular assist device. The magnetic bearing also supports axial and angular motions of the impeller via a magnetic coupling. The top housing is made of pure titanium, while the impeller and the stator are coated with pure titanium and Ti-6Al-7Nb, respectively, to improve the biocompatibility of the pump. The combination of pure titanium and titanium alloy was chosen because of the sensitivity of eddy current type displacement sensors through the intervening conducting wall. The dimensions of the pump are 69.0 mm in diameter and 28.5 mm in height. During a pump performance test, axial shifting of the impeller due to hydraulic forces led to variations in the rotational positioning signal, causing loss of control of the rotational speed. This problem was solved by conditioning the rotational positioning signal. With a flow rate of 5 l/min against a head pressure of 100 mmHg, the power consumption and efficiency of the pump were 5.5 W and 20%, respectively. Furthermore, the hemolysis of the blood pump was 43.6% lower when compared to that of a commercially available pump.

Pai, Chi Nan; Shinshi, Tadahiko; Asama, Junichi; Takatani, Setsuo; Shimokohbe, Akira

242

In-house development of an optimized synthetic module for routine [11C]acetate production  

PubMed Central

[11C]Acetate, a radiotracer for PET imaging, is a promising radiopharmaceutical for overcoming the limitation of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose in a number of cancers. Here, the optimized automatic synthesis of [11C]acetate using an in-house-developed module under different conditions has been reported for routine production. [11C]CO2 was produced in a 16.4?MeV PETtrace cyclotron, and methyl magnesium chloride was used for synthesis. For product purification, ion-exchange solid-phase extraction cartridges were used, connected in series. High-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography were used to measure radiochemical and chemical purity. The Limulus amebocyte lysate test and the fluid thioglycollate medium test were performed for quality control of [11C]acetate. The total reaction time of [11C]acetate was within 15?min, and the overall decay-corrected radiochemical yield was 84.33±8.85%. Radiochemical purity was greater than 98% when evaluated on an analytical high-performance liquid chromatography system. No endotoxins or anaerobic bacteria were seen on quality control checks. Optimized production of [11C]acetate was achieved by the in-house module. Radiochemical and biological properties of the [11C]acetate produced were appropriate for clinical PET study. PMID:25244351

Jang, Hwa Youn; Kwon, Seong Young; Pyo, Ayoung; Hur, Min Goo; Kim, Sang Wook; Park, Jeong-Hoon; Kim, Hee-Jung; Yang, Seung Dae; Lee, Sunwoo; Kim, Dong-Yeon

2015-01-01

243

In-house development of an optimized synthetic module for routine [11C]acetate production.  

PubMed

[11C]Acetate, a radiotracer for PET imaging, is a promising radiopharmaceutical for overcoming the limitation of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose in a number of cancers. Here, the optimized automatic synthesis of [11C]acetate using an in-house-developed module under different conditions has been reported for routine production. [11C]CO2 was produced in a 16.4?MeV PETtrace cyclotron, and methyl magnesium chloride was used for synthesis. For product purification, ion-exchange solid-phase extraction cartridges were used, connected in series. High-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography were used to measure radiochemical and chemical purity. The Limulus amebocyte lysate test and the fluid thioglycollate medium test were performed for quality control of [11C]acetate. The total reaction time of [11C]acetate was within 15?min, and the overall decay-corrected radiochemical yield was 84.33±8.85%. Radiochemical purity was greater than 98% when evaluated on an analytical high-performance liquid chromatography system. No endotoxins or anaerobic bacteria were seen on quality control checks. Optimized production of [11C]acetate was achieved by the in-house module. Radiochemical and biological properties of the [11C]acetate produced were appropriate for clinical PET study. PMID:25244351

Jang, Hwa Youn; Kwon, Seong Young; Pyo, Ayoung; Hur, Min Goo; Kim, Sang Wook; Park, Jeong-Hoon; Kim, Hee-Jung; Yang, Seung Dae; Lee, Sunwoo; Kim, Dong-Yeon; Min, Jung-Joon

2015-01-01

244

24 CFR 982.514 - Distribution of housing assistance payment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT...HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing...directly to the utility supplier to pay the...

2010-04-01

245

Progress in the development of specific immunotherapies for house dust mite allergies.  

PubMed

Allergen-specific immunotherapy is used to treat patients exposed and co-sensitized to the two common house dust mites, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae. Based on seroepidemiological studies and a detailed characterization of mite allergens, an optimal immunotherapeutic product should associate extracts from the two Dermatophagoides species, and include both bodies and fecal particles. Both subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapies performed with aqueous mite extracts are safe and efficacious in children and adults with mite-induced rhinitis and/or asthma. Double-blind placebo-controlled studies are conducted to further document the efficacy of immunotherapeutic products, with promising results that were obtained already with sublingual tablets. Current developments of second-generation products relying upon recombinant allergens and peptides are reviewed. PMID:25187166

Moingeon, Philippe

2014-12-01

246

Bringing Researchers and Community Developers Together to Revitalize a Public Housing Project and Improve Health  

PubMed Central

Billions of dollars are invested annually to improve low-income neighborhoods, the health impacts of which are rarely studied prospectively. University of California researchers and Mercy Housing/The Related Companies formed a “Learning Community” with the dual goals of examining the health impacts of a large-scale San Francisco redevelopment project and informing the development team of best public health practices. Early experiences highlight challenges and opportunities, including differences in stakeholders, incentives, and funding, the strengths of local partnerships, and fresh insights from new analytic tools and perspectives. Research suggests interventions that ameliorate upstream causes of poor health would save health care dollars, but policy makers must incentivize collaboration in order to spread a Learning Community model. PMID:22068398

LeWinn, Kaja Z.; Hutson, Malo A.; Dare, Ramie; Falk, Janet

2014-01-01

247

The impact of transit-oriented development on housing prices in San Diego, CA.  

PubMed

This research measures the influence of transit-oriented development (TOD) on the San Diego, CA, condominium market. Many view TOD as a key element in creating a less auto dependent and more sustainable transport system. Price premiums indicate a potential for a market-driven expansion of TOD inventory. A hedonic price model is estimated to isolate statistically the effect of TOD. This includes interaction terms between station distance and various measures of pedestrian orientation. The resulting model shows that station proximity has a significantly stronger impact when coupled with a pedestrian-oriented environment. Conversely, station area condominiums in more auto-oriented environments may sell at a discount. This indicates that TOD has a synergistic value greater than the sum of its parts. It also implies a healthy demand for more TOD housing in San Diego. PMID:21174895

Duncan, Michael

2011-01-01

248

Military Veterans (Affordable Care Act)  

MedlinePLUS

... Contact Us Site Search Search Military veterans Health care coverage options for military veterans If you're ... adult coverage rules are different from the Affordable Care Act’s version. TRICARE's young adult coverage option is ...

249

Creating an asset management model for Massachusetts state-aided public housing : a study of policies and practices to inform the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development  

E-print Network

Local housing authorities in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts currently manage over 50,000 state-aided public housing units on a consolidated, authority-wide level-a style of property management that does not allow for ...

Creeley, Hannah Highton

2009-01-01

250

An Affordability Comparison Tool (ACT) for Space Transportation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA bas recently emphasized the importance of affordability for Commercial Crew Development Program (CCDP), Space Launch Systems (SLS) and Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV). System architects and designers are challenged to come up with architectures and designs that do not bust the budget. This paper describes the Affordability Comparison Tool (ACT) analyzes different systems or architecture configurations for affordability that allows for a comparison of: total life cycle cost; annual recurring costs, affordability figures-of-merit, such as cost per pound, cost per seat, and cost per flight, as well as productivity measures, such as payload throughput. Although ACT is not a deterministic model, the paper develops algorithms and parametric factors that use characteristics of the architectures or systems being compared to produce important system outcomes (figures-of-merit). Example applications of outcome figures-of-merit are also documented to provide the designer with information on the relative affordability and productivity of different space transportation applications.

McCleskey, C. M.; Bollo, T. R.; Garcia, J. L.

2012-01-01

251

Sustainable urban development? Low-cost housing challenges in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-cost housing provision has been a major focus of government in post-apartheid urban South Africa. While successes can be noted, there is growing concern regarding the social and environmental sustainability of housing programs and the impacts upon both the surrounding environment and human health. Utilizing key informant interviews, survey research, Census data and documentary review, this essay identifies the major

Allison Goebel

2007-01-01

252

Students in My Backyard: Housing at the Campus Edge and Other Emerging Trends in Residential Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When it comes to building student housing, the stakes for universities and colleges have never been higher. From competing for prospective students and environmental bragging rights to contesting for space on the typical campus, institutions face a fundamentally different landscape than they did when housing previous generations of students. A…

Martin, John; Allen, Mark

2009-01-01

253

Strategic developments in home systems: House_n and standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a new laboratory at MIT exploring the combination of architecture and home systems. The MIT Home of the Future, known as House_n, is rethinking the design and construction process for new homes. The paper presents new building designs, materials, and an integrated home network infrastructure. The research at MIT will be validated by a prototype house, called the

K. Wacks

2002-01-01

254

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

255

Development and application of a preference test system to evaluate housing conditions for laboratory rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improved knowledge of the ethological needs of laboratory animals can be used not only to verify current guidelines on laboratory animal housing, but also to refine these guidelines if desirable. Carefully chosen experiments can provide valid information about preferences or aversions towards specific housing conditions. The results of preference tests should be interpreted carefully and considered with results from direct

H. J. M. Blom; G. Van Tintelen; V. Baumans; J. Van Den Broek; A. C. Beynen

1995-01-01

256

7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...substantially in accordance with the drawings and specifications. The builder will also provide a certification that the onsite work complies...contractor for delivery and erection of the house on the site or a builder may contract with the borrower for the complete house in...

2010-01-01

257

NOTE: An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy-1 can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min-1) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37° C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding ±30° C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations.

Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

2010-02-01

258

Affording the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just when campus technologists think they've got a handle on daily campus IT needs, demands to develop smart classrooms come along and spoil everything. Between admissions officers demanding smart classrooms in order to prove to prospective families that the institution is up to speed, and professors asking for smart classrooms so that they can…

Voyles, Bennett

2006-01-01

259

System Concepts for Affordable Fission Surface Power  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents an overview of an affordable Fission Surface Power (FSP) system that could be used for NASA applications on the Moon and Mars. The proposed FSP system uses a low temperature, uranium dioxide-fueled, liquid metal-cooled fission reactor coupled to free-piston Stirling converters. The concept was determined by a 12 month NASA/DOE study that examined design options and development strategies based on affordability and risk. The system is considered a low development risk based on the use of terrestrial-derived reactor technology, high efficiency power conversion, and conventional materials. The low-risk approach was selected over other options that could offer higher performance and/or lower mass.

Mason, Lee; Poston, David; Qualls, Louis

2008-01-01

260

Housing breeding mice in three different IVC systems: maternal performance and pup development.  

PubMed

A proper cage environment is essential for the welfare of laboratory mice, especially for females during the energy demanding lactation period and for pups during early development and growth. The most common housing system for laboratory mice is individually ventilated cages (IVCs) of which there are different layouts and ventilation strategies available on the market. The present study investigates the impact of cage environment in three different IVC types, on the maternal performance of females, and pup development and growth in C57BL/6NCrl and Crl:NMRI Foxn1 (nu) mice. The results show differences in in-cage climate, female body weight, pup growth, feed and water consumption, and nest quality between cage types. There was a distinct effect of genotype in these differences, with the main effects found in NMRI NU mice. The results indicate that IVC systems might need to be managed differently for mice of different types and/or different physiological status. Many of the differences seen between cage systems could be drawn to the physical construction of the cage, such as location of feed hopper and location of air inlet and outlet. In conclusion, IVC in-cage climate affects the maternal performance of female mice and pup growth, but with differences between the two strains tested. PMID:24759571

Spangenberg, Emf; Wallenbeck, A; Eklöf, A-C; Carlstedt-Duke, J; Tjäder, S

2014-04-23

261

[Shared-housing arrangements for care-dependent older persons - characteristics, development and drivers].  

PubMed

Shared-Housing Arrangements (SHA) for care-dependent older persons gain increasing importance as a setting for nursing care in Germany, both in terms of numbers and user preference. This article aims to answer the questions in which phases SHA have developed over time, what the initiator's objectives are, and what factors contributed to SHA proliferation. A systematic review of the literature was conducted that finally included 73 articles. As a result it can be demonstrated that SHA started from "individual user initiatives", became "developing novel services" and finally established themselves as "regular services" in the nursing setting. A typology of different models of SHA can be organised along two dimensions: Firstly the temporal dimension of care organisation and secondly the way care services are purchased. Objectives formulated by the initiators of SHA are: Establishment of a family - like environment, inclusion of relatives, community orientation, security of care provision and maintenance of self-determination. Tailor-made financial and legal regulations supported the spread of SHAs. In reflection of the available literature it becomes evident that no satisfactory consensus on those elements exist that are constitutive for SHAs. Furthermore, there is a dearth of research on whether postulated objectives and other health related goals are actually being met in SHAs. Open questions pertain also the level of self-determination achieved in practice and other outcomes attained. PMID:21480174

Fischer, Thomas; Worch, Andreas; Nordheim, Johanna; Wulff, Ines Martin; Gräske, Johannes; Meye, Sandra; Wolf-Ostermann, Karin

2011-04-01

262

Low Impact, Affordable, Low Income Houses for Mexico  

E-print Network

, N M A lle nt ow n- B et hl eh em -E as to n, P A -N J A tla nt a- S an dy S pr in gs -M ar ie tta , G A A ug us ta -R ic hm on d C ou nt y, G A -S C A us tin -R ou nd R oc k, T X B... ay to n, O H D en ve r- A ur or a, C O /1 D es M oi ne s- W es t D es M oi ne s, IA D et ro it- W ar re n- Li vo ni a, M I E l P as o, T X G ra nd R ap id s- W yo m in g, M I G...

Alcocer, J. L. B.; Haberl, J. S.

263

Analysis of Housing Partnerships Using the Balanced Scorecard Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing Partnerships (HPs) are collaborative arrangements that assist communities in the delivery of affordable housing by combining the strengths of the public and private sectors. They emerged in several states, counties, and cities in the eighties as innovative solutions to the challenges in affordable housing resulting from changing dynamics of delivery and production.\\u000aMy study examines HPs with particular emphasis

Zhayda L Garzon

2011-01-01

264

Development and Analysis of a Sustainable Low Energy House in a Hot and Humid Climate  

E-print Network

This study examines the lifetime building energy consumption of a typical house in Bangkok, Thailand. The lifetime building energy consumption is composed of three major components: 1) the energy used in building construction (i.e., embodied...

Chulsukon, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Sylvester, K. E.

2002-01-01

265

Sources of nitrate in ground water in a sewered housing development, Central Long Island, New York  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Nitrate concentrations in ground water on Long Island, New York, have increased markedly in the last 30 years. A significant amount of this increase has been attributed to lawn and garden fertilizers in addition to cesspool and septic-tank discharges. The increase in nitrate concentration is of particular concern in the central and eastern part of the island, where ground water is the sole source of drinking water. Ground-water samples were collected from 14 wells screened near the water table in the sewered Twelve Pines housing development constructed in Medford, Suffolk County, in 1970. Samples were collected during 1972-79 and analyzed for total ammonium, organic nitrogen, and nitrate. Statistical analyses indicate that concentrations of nitrate-nitrogen in water from 10 of the wells increased significantly during 1972-79; those in water from the other four wells did not. Nitrogen loads were estimated to be 2,300 kg/yr from fertilizers, less than 80 kg/yr from irrigation water, 200 kg/yr from animals, and less than 670 kg/yr from precipitation. Leakage from sewers was considered negligible. Nitrate-nitrogen isotope ratios also suggest that the greatest source of nitrogen is from cultivation sources (either mineralized soil nitrogen or fertilizers) rather than human or animal wastes.

Flipse, W.J., Jr.; Katz, B.G.; Lindner, J.B.; Markel, R.

1984-01-01

266

Outstanding. Affordable. [ You can do it!  

E-print Network

Outstanding. Affordable. [ You can do it! ] #12;Outstanding. Affordable. #12;How can I advance my career? Will a college degree really help me stay employed? Am I too old for college? Can I afford to go back to school? Can I afford not to? Will all of the kids in class treat me like their mom? I already

Saldin, Dilano

267

24 CFR 81.18 - Affordability-Income level definitions-family size not known (actual or prospective tenants).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Housing Goals § 81.18 Affordability—Income level definitions—family size not known (actual or prospective...

2010-04-01

268

How Community Development Education Can Build Capacity  

E-print Network

DEVELOPERS PROGRAM INTRODUCTION The contracting government role in affordable housing continues to push local CDCs points clearly to the need for training and technical assistance to help groups develop higher resource strategy. Large corporations invest in their people in a strategic way to develop their skills

Illinois at Chicago, University of

269

Thermo-structural development of the ITER ICRF strap housing module  

SciTech Connect

Since March 2010 the preliminary design of the ITER ICRF Antennas have been developed by CYCLE, a consortium consisting of IPP (Garching), CCFE (Culham), CEA (Cadarache), Politecnico di Torino (Torino) and LPPERM/KMS (Brussels). This paper describes the steps taken to develop the present geometry of the triplet pair Strap Housing Module from a thermal and structural perspective, and shows the critical areas of the structure. Key issues are the manufacturability, (achieved by HIPing - Hot Isostatic Pressing), the ability to handle the radiating plasma thermal flux of 0.35 MW/m{sup 2}, the RF losses and the neutronic radiation. HIPing is necessary to achieve the complicated system of cooling channels inside the structure, which divides the coolant equally in order to supply each strap in the triplet with 1 l/s of water. The components have also to withstand the strong mechanical forces generated by plasma disruptions affecting all internal structures and the elevated design cooling water pressure of 5MPa. In order to maximise reliability, joints between different materials in the cooling water system have been kept to a minimum. Therefore, in the interests of fabricability and availability, the whole structure is manufactured out of stainless steel (316L(N)IG). The low conductivity of 316L(N)IG demands small wall thicknesses to avoid hot spots; however this reduces the mechanical strength. Consequently an in depth FEM analysis is presented, which was used to find and to improve the critical aspects of this important component and was the best means of finding the optimum between thermal and mechanical performance.

Winkler, K. [Max-Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Assoziation, Garching (Germany); Shannon, M.; Lockley, D. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (United Kingdom)

2014-02-12

270

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Affordable Human Moon and Mars Exploration through  

E-print Network

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Affordable Human Moon and Mars Exploration calls for the safe, affordable, and sustainable human exploration of the Moon and Mars. In order to achieve exploration affordability and sustainability, the Mars-back approach was developed

de Weck, Olivier L.

271

DRAFT February 11, 2009 BMC 20.28 Infill HousingBMC 20.28 Infill HousingBMC 20.28 Infill HousingBMC 20.28 Infill Housing  

E-print Network

land, protection of environmentally sensitive areas, and creating opportunities for more affordable housing. The housing forms listed in this chapter are intended for use in city neighborhoods, urban but designed to give priority to pedestrians. I. Garden Court Housing: Four to eight dwelling units clustered

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

272

Science and Technology Facilities Council [STFC] second response to the House of Commons Innovation, Universities, Science and Skills Committee report 30 April  

E-print Network

a step change in economic impact particularly through the Science and Technology Facilities Council [STFC job in developing a forward-looking and affordable programme within its allocations. PriorScience and Technology Facilities Council [STFC] second response to the House of Commons Innovation

Crowther, Paul

273

24 CFR 1000.158 - How will a NAHASDA grant recipient know that the housing assisted under the IHBG program meets...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...housing assisted under the IHBG program meets the requirements of Â...housing assisted under the IHBG program meets the requirements of...for its affordable housing programs that reflect the...concerns and mitigations; (4) Climate; (5) Comparable...

2013-04-01

274

24 CFR 1000.158 - How will a NAHASDA grant recipient know that the housing assisted under the IHBG program meets...  

...housing assisted under the IHBG program meets the requirements of Â...housing assisted under the IHBG program meets the requirements of...for its affordable housing programs that reflect the...concerns and mitigations; (4) Climate; (5) Comparable...

2014-04-01

275

Public Housing after Hurricane, Urban Renewal or Removal? The Case Studies of Beaumont and Galveston, Texas.  

E-print Network

received great damage when natural disaster happening. It can be partly damaged or completely destroyed due to the direct and indirect effects of disaster. Public housing, like most affordable housing, is often built in highly vulnerable areas...

Tran, Tho Ngo Duc

2013-05-01

276

ACADEMICS + ACCESS + AFFORDABILITY = Community Colleges  

E-print Network

ACADEMICS + ACCESS + AFFORDABILITY = Community Colleges T H E C I T Y U N I V E R S I T Y O F N E W 61 500 6 The City College of New York 61 500 6 College of Staten Island 45 450 5 Hunter College 61 500 6 John Jay College of Criminal Justice 61 500 6 Lehman College 61 500 6 Medgar Evers College 52

Rosen, Jay

277

Japan's manufactured housing capability. A review of the industry and assessment of future impact on the US market  

SciTech Connect

The Japanese have what is generally recognized as the most advanced manufactured housing capability in the world. With heavy reliance on computerized design and inventory control systems, assembly-line production, robotics and sizable research and development budgets, Japan has developed a high-tech housing approach distinct from that found in the United States. Japan's manufactured housing capability and its benefits in producing high quality housing at an affordable price are surveyed. The housing market in Japan and the United States will be compared and the potential impact of Japanese manufactured housing on the United States assessed. Though Japan's manufactured housing capability offers great promise, there are several issues that limit the direct import of these technologies as currently practiced to the United States. Among these obstacles are: (1) inappropriate heating and cooling systems and levels of energy conservation for many areas of the US; (2) the high cost of capitalizing major new housing plants; (3) the design inflexibility of some manufactured housing products; and (4) the difficulty of marketing a mass-produced housing product in the US with its differing regional and local building codes.

Sackett, J.G.

1986-05-01

278

24 CFR 884.106 - Housing assistance payments to owners.  

...Section 884.106 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2014-04-01

279

24 CFR 884.106 - Housing assistance payments to owners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 884.106 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2011-04-01

280

24 CFR 884.106 - Housing assistance payments to owners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 884.106 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2013-04-01

281

24 CFR 884.106 - Housing assistance payments to owners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 884.106 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2012-04-01

282

DEVELOPMENT OF VOCALISATIONS IN NESTLING AND FLEDGLING HOUSE WRENS IN NATURAL POPULATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a field study of the ontogeny of vocal signals in the house wren Troglodytes aedon during the nestling and fledgling phases of life. We did spectrographic analyses and quantification of the developmental changes that occurred in the acoustic features of the vocalisations. Evidence of progress to adult-like vocal patterns was of two types. First, nestling calls changed into

MALA H. SAWHNEY; MYRON C. BAKER; BRADLEY R. BISBEE

2006-01-01

283

Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents  

E-print Network

The purpose of this Center for Energy and Mineral Research (CEMR) funded study is to improve the energy use in low-income housing in the State of Texas. This study aims at achieving energy-efficiency by using a combination of measured data...

Haberl, J. S.; Kootin-Sanwu, V.

1999-01-01

284

Peri?urban informal housing development in Victorian England: the contribution of freehold land societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self?help housing in peri?urban areas (usually outside municipal boundaries) is a feature, not only of rapidly urbanizing countries now in the South, but was also in Victorian England, where it was often initiated by freehold land societies, created by the Chartist movement in order to expand the franchise. These bodies bought and subdivided land for sale to their members, and

Robert Home

2010-01-01

285

1 Family Wage Jobs 2 Business Development  

E-print Network

­ Disaster preparation 1 ­ Dropout rates in high school and associated alcohol and drug use 2 ­ Increasing ­ Meth and drugs and crime 1 ­ Affordable housing 2 ­ Workforce development Three Issues of Most Concern 1 ­ Poverty and hunger 2 ­ Access to higher education 3 ­ Economic development 1 ­ Timber harvest

Tullos, Desiree

286

The Low-Income Housing Program in the Louisiana and Mississippi Gulf Opportunity Zones  

E-print Network

of the damaged or destroyed units likely affected the affordable housing market. The lack of rental housing increased rental prices in both states after the storm,33 creating an even deeper affordable housing need...1 Texas A&M University The Bush School of Government and Public Service The Low-Income Housing Program in the Louisiana and Mississippi Gulf Opportunity Zone For The Congressional Research Service Contract...

Christman, Casey; Johnson, David; Rho, Eunju; Stein, Eric; Taylor, Beth

2008-01-01

287

Situations, Interactions, Processes and Affordances: A Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this response to commentaries provided on their original paper, "Beyond Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Situations, Interactions, Processes and Affordances," the authors elaborate on the aims of their conceptualization, focusing on the nature of affordances and situations. (AEF)

Akhras, Fabio N.; Self, John A.

2002-01-01

288

Preventive Care for Children (Affordable Care Act)  

MedlinePLUS

... Myspace Close Text Size: A A A Preventive Care for Children Many insurers are now required to ... Services Task Force Recommendations . Fact Sheet: The Affordable Care Act and Immunization Fact Sheet: The Affordable Care ...

289

Housing markets : Mexico  

E-print Network

What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

2009-01-01

290

Development of sputter coatings for the gravity probe B gyroscope housings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cu/Ti coatings have been applied by sputter deposition to fused quartz housings to serve as the electrodes and lands of electrostatically supported gyroscopes. Niobium-coated fused quartz gyro rotors have been successfully suspended and spun up in those housings. The Cu/Ti bilayer coating and alternative multilayer coatings (Cu/Mo, Mo/Cu/Ti and Mo/Cu/Mo) with 2-micron thickness produced by sputter deposition on flat, fused quartz substrates have been examined with scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and four-point resistivity measurement techniques. The multilayer coatings with a molybdenum bonding layer appear to produce smoother surfaces than those with a titanium bonding layer. All multilayer coatings survived thermal cycling to 77 K without adhesion failure.

Zhou, P.; Cheung, S.; Lydic, T.; Turneaure, J. P.

1988-01-01

291

Perceiving Affordances for Fitting through Apertures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Affordances--possibilities for action--are constrained by the match between actors and their environments. For motor decisions to be adaptive, affordances must be detected accurately. Three experiments examined the correspondence between motor decisions and affordances as participants reached through apertures of varying size. A psychophysical…

Ishak, Shaziela; Adolph, Karen E.; Lin, Grace C.

2008-01-01

292

A Place To Call Home. The Crisis in Housing for the Poor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most low-income households, housing has become increasingly unaffordable. High housing cost burdens have serious implications, including the growing problems of homelessness and hunger. Data on national trends and housing conditions suggest that just as the affordable housing problems worsened dramatically for low-income households between the…

Leonard, Paul A.; And Others

293

Perceiving affordances in rugby union.  

PubMed

To succeed in competitive environments, players need to continuously adjust their decisions and actions to the behaviour of relevant others. Players' interactions demand ongoing decisions that are constrained by what is previously defined (e.g., coaches' prescriptions that establish 'what' to do) and by information that is available in the context and specifies not only 'what' the player should do, but also 'how', 'when' and 'where'. We describe what affordances emerge to the ball carrier as a consequence of changes in kinematic variables, such as interpersonal distances or distances to the nearest sideline. Changes in these variables determine whether and when different actions are possible. The ball carrier tended to perform a pass when the tackler was farthest from the sideline and the velocity of approach to the tackler did not seem to effect the ball carrier's decision. In the few episodes where the ball carrier moved forward instead of passing the ball, he was mainly influenced by contextual information, such as the variability of the players' distance to the nearest sideline. In sum, actors must be aware of the affordances of others that are specified by particular variables that become available just before decision-making. PMID:22681567

Passos, Pedro; Cordovil, Rita; Fernandes, Orlando; Barreiros, João

2012-01-01

294

Future perfect : reintegrating housing and production in the Berlin Block/  

E-print Network

The beginning of the 21st century has been marked by an apparently ubiquitous state of crisis, which transcends national boundaries and is reshaping global relationships. Financial meltdowns, the lack of affordable housing, ...

Wuttig, Mark Oliver

2011-01-01

295

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION  

E-print Network

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION 2011-2012 Listed below are the students requesting to choose their housing together for a Wittenberg University Student Rental. (Please file only one ­ Student Development. Select housing and sign contracts. #12;

Bogaerts, Steven

296

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION  

E-print Network

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION 2012-2013 Listed below are the students requesting to choose their housing together for a Wittenberg University Student Rental. (Please file only one ­ Student Development. Select housing and sign contracts. #12;

Bogaerts, Steven

297

Housing System Financial Statements  

E-print Network

through comprehension and strategic planning for the future. Operating revenues for the Housing Department had the ability to attend some professional development events. The Department purchased furniture associated with the Housing operations. In prior fiscal years, the University reported the liability for its

Fernandez, Eduardo

298

REGULATION AND THE HIGH COST OF HOUSING Regulation and the High Cost of Housing in California  

E-print Network

the national inflation rate. During the past three years, housing prices in five coastal counties increased development over housing construction, to favor development of expensive housing over moderately priced land-use regulations, growth in the hous- ing stock, and housing prices in California cities. First, we

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

299

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 2): Montgomery Township Housing Development, New Jersey, (first remedial action), September 1987. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Montgomery Township Housing Development (MTHD) is a 72-acre tract of land located in Somerset County, New Jersey. The housing development consists of 71 home sites. The original potable water source for each home was a private well drawing from the underlying aquifer. In 1978, the Borough of Rocky Hill, which is located near the site, sampled ground water from the Borough well and found it to be contaminated with trichloroethylene (TCE). Testing continued through 1983, and repeated evidence of TCE contamination prompted the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) to sample the MTHD well. Results indicated the presence of TCE and other volatile organics in that and other surrounding wells. In 1981, 20 homes in the MTHD were connected to the Elizabethtown Water Company water mains. To date, 38 residences have hooked up. Due to the similarity of contaminants and the proximity of the MTHD and Rocky Hill Municipal Well Superfund sites, a combined RI/FS is being performed. The ROD focuses only on an alternate water supply for MTHD. The primary contaminant of concern is TCE, with secondary contaminants being other volatile organics.

Not Available

1987-09-29

300

Impacts of housing development on nutrients flow along canals in a peri-urban area of Bangkok, Thailand.  

PubMed

Change of nutrients load and flow according to land-use change induced by housing development was investigated in Bang Yai, Nonthaburi, Thailand, which located in the peri-urban area of Bangkok. Each house in the newly developed residential community was regulated to be equipped with a septic tank to collect night soil. However, greywater and leachate from the septic tank was collected by a community sewage system and discharged into the canals with insufficient treatment, while the canals still function as infrastructure for irrigation and transportation. In the study area, built-up area became 1.4 times and agricultural fields decreased by 13% from 2003 until 2007. Total nutrients load to the canals was increased by 25% as nitrogen and 14% as phosphorus according to the increase of built-up area. Net nutrients load from agricultural fields was largely set off when we evaluated nutrients inflow from the canals to the agricultural field through irrigation. Consequently, nutrients load from domestic wastewater accounted most of net nutrients load into the canal. PMID:20182088

Honda, R; Hara, Y; Sekiyama, M; Hiramatsu, A

2010-01-01

301

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (a) The provisions...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (b) As used in connection...finance the unpaid purchase price of a Corporate Certificate...of a cooperative ownership housing corporation in which...

2010-04-01

302

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (a) The provisions...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (b) As used in connection...finance the unpaid purchase price of a Corporate Certificate...of a cooperative ownership housing corporation in which...

2011-04-01

303

Influence of housing and season on pubertal development, boar taint compounds and skin lesions of male pigs.  

PubMed

Rearing entire pigs may lead to meat quality and welfare problems in relation to pubertal development. A better knowledge of the sources of variation of pubertal development, behaviour and boar taint is needed before generalizing entire male pigs. From 84 days of age, entire male pigs were reared in groups of 10 either in a conventional (C, 1 m²/animal, slatted floor) or an enriched (E, 2.5 m²/animal, straw bedding, outdoor run) housing during spring or autumn and fed ad libitum (n=10/housing/season). Mounting behaviour was observed for 3 h during the third (M3), fourth (M4) and fifth (M5) months of age. The total number of skin lesions was counted on both sides of the pigs 1 day before the behavioural recordings. The time spent in the outdoor run was also recorded during 3 days per month. The animals were slaughtered at 161±1 days of age (122±9 kg live weight). Blood samples were collected at 89 (M3), 119 (M4) and 152 (M5) days of age and at slaughter for the testosterone and oestradiol measurements. The testes were collected at slaughter, freed from the surrounding tissues and weighed. The fat samples were collected for the androstenone and skatole concentration measurement. Plasma testosterone and oestradiol-17? (oestradiol), fat androstenone and skatole and weight of the testes did not differ between the housing systems. Plasma testosterone (8.3 v. 3.9 nmol/l, P<0.05) and oestradiol (12.0 v. 9.2 pmol/l, P<0.1) at M3, fat skatole (0.124 v. 0.043, P<0.03) and weight of the testes (587 v. 512 g, P<0.05) were higher in the autumn than in the spring trial, suggesting that the pubertal development was accelerated. The number of received mounting behaviours was slightly higher in the autumn (P=0.08) trial and was markedly higher in the E than in the C environment (P<0.003). Skin lesions were more numerous in the C than in the E housing at M4 and M5 and in the spring than in the autumn trial at M3 and M4 (P<0.05). Fat androstenone and the number of performed mounting behaviours were significantly correlated between each other and with numerous indicators of the pubertal development (P<0.05). The number of skin lesions was correlated with plasma testosterone and live weight (P<0.05). Overall, this study suggests the effect of season on sexual development, the effect of the housing system on behaviour, and demonstrates the links between sexual hormones, behaviour and boar taint. PMID:24047862

Prunier, A; Brillouët, A; Merlot, E; Meunier-Salaün, M C; Tallet, C

2013-12-01

304

Development of Affordable Bioelectronic Devices Based on  

E-print Network

· Motivation · Interface chemistry for both soluble and membrane proteins · Electrochemical characterization lipid Reservoir lipid Spacer molecule Membrane protein Interface for membrane proteins Gold electrode and membrane proteins · Electrochemical characterization · Experimental results · Integration

305

24 CFR 791.403 - Allocation of housing assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS) ALLOCATIONS OF HOUSING ASSISTANCE FUNDS Allocation of Budget...demolition or disposition of public housing, assistance in support of the...

2012-04-01

306

24 CFR 791.403 - Allocation of housing assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS) ALLOCATIONS OF HOUSING ASSISTANCE FUNDS Allocation of Budget...demolition or disposition of public housing, assistance in support of the...

2013-04-01

307

24 CFR 791.403 - Allocation of housing assistance.  

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS) ALLOCATIONS OF HOUSING ASSISTANCE FUNDS Allocation of Budget...demolition or disposition of public housing, assistance in support of the...

2014-04-01

308

24 CFR 791.403 - Allocation of housing assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS) ALLOCATIONS OF HOUSING ASSISTANCE FUNDS Allocation of Budget...demolition or disposition of public housing, assistance in support of the...

2010-04-01

309

24 CFR 791.403 - Allocation of housing assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS) ALLOCATIONS OF HOUSING ASSISTANCE FUNDS Allocation of Budget...demolition or disposition of public housing, assistance in support of the...

2011-04-01

310

A panelized roof system for residential construction : development, application, and evaluation  

E-print Network

The challenge of providing affordable housing has long been an issue with which architects and builders have been struggling. In an effort to improve both the quality and the affordability of the housing stock that is being ...

McCormick, Michael J. (Michael James)

1994-01-01

311

The Affordance Template ROS Package for Robot Task Programming  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper introduces the Affordance Template ROS package for quickly programming, adjusting, and executing robot applications in the ROS RViz environment. This package extends the capabilities of RViz interactive markers by allowing an operator to specify multiple end-effector waypoint locations and grasp poses in object-centric coordinate frames and to adjust these waypoints in order to meet the run-time demands of the task (specifically, object scale and location). The Affordance Template package stores task specifications in a robot-agnostic XML description format such that it is trivial to apply a template to a new robot. As such, the Affordance Template package provides a robot-generic ROS tool appropriate for building semi-autonomous, manipulation-based applications. Affordance Templates were developed by the NASA-JSC DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) team and have since successfully been deployed on multiple platforms including the NASA Valkyrie and Robonaut 2 humanoids, the University of Texas Dreamer robot and the Willow Garage PR2. In this paper, the specification and implementation of the affordance template package is introduced and demonstrated through examples for wheel (valve) turning, pick-and-place, and drill grasping, evincing its utility and flexibility for a wide variety of robot applications.

Hart, Stephen; Dinh, Paul; Hambuchen, Kimberly

2015-01-01

312

Affordability Engineering: Bridging the Gap Between Design and Cost  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Affordability is a commonly used term that takes on numerous meanings depending on the context used. Within conceptual design of complex systems, the term generally implies comparisons between expected costs and expected resources. This characterization is largely correct, but does not convey the many nuances and considerations that are frequently misunderstood and underappreciated. In the most fundamental sense, affordability and cost directly relate to engineering and programmatic decisions made throughout development programs. Systems engineering texts point out that there is a temporal aspect to this relationship, for decisions made earlier in a program dictate design implications much more so than those made during latter phases. This paper explores affordability engineering and its many sub-disciplines by discussing how it can be considered an additional engineering discipline to be balanced throughout the systems engineering and systems analysis processes. Example methods of multidisciplinary design analysis with affordability as a key driver will be discussed, as will example methods of data visualization, probabilistic analysis, and other ways of relating design decisions to affordability results.

Reeves, J. D.; DePasquale, Dominic; Lim, Evan

2010-01-01

313

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

314

College Affordability: Implications for College Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By examining trends in college affordability, this article explores the extent to which the public perception that college is not affordable is justified. First, the article describes trends in national indicators that contribute to ability to pay, including income growth, health care costs, debt burden, and personal savings rates. Trends in…

Perna, Laura W.; Li, Chunyan

2006-01-01

315

Affordability Funding Models for Early Childhood Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a model of the approaches open to government to ensure that early childhood services are affordable to families. We derived the model from a comparative literature review of affordability approaches taken by government, both in Australia and internationally. The model adds significantly to the literature by proposing a means to…

Purcal, Christiane; Fisher, Karen

2006-01-01

316

Building America Developments and Ground Breaking News: Aug. 2000 issue  

SciTech Connect

Building America Developments on-line newsletter highlights the Erie-Ellington Homes publicly-funded housing project in Boston, Massachusetts. A Building America and industry partnership that produced energy-efficient manufactured homes built with foam core panels is featured. Also, Habitat for Humanity dedicates two energy-efficient test houses in East Tennessee, and affordable, healthy homes are offered in metro Atlanta. Upcoming events in the Building America Program are also listed.

Hendron, B.; Epstein, K.; Anderson, J.

2000-09-08

317

Building America Developments, September 2000, Information Bulletin Number 1 (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

Building America Developments on-line newsletter highlights the Erie-Ellington Homes publicly-funded housing project in Boston, Massachusetts. A Building America and industry partnership that produced energy-efficient manufactured homes built with foam core panels is featured. Also, Habitat for Humanity dedicates two energy-efficient test houses in East Tennessee, and affordable, healthy homes are offered in metro Atlanta. Upcoming events in the Building America Program are also listed.

Hendron, R.; Anderson, J.; Epstein, K.

2001-12-01

318

Music Composition Lessons: the multimodal affordances of technology  

E-print Network

1 Music Composition Lessons: the multimodal affordances of technology MARINA GALL & NICK BREEZE) subject cultures, (iv) professional development, and (v) learners' out-of-school uses of technology. Music technology supports learning within the subject. #12;2 designed to cover a wide variety of musical genres

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

319

Gift Planning: You Can't Afford Not to  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of reaching out to donors and securing gifts from alumni and other community members presents its share of challenges for community colleges. But, as funding experts Richard H. Morley and Mike Gaudette of the Council for Resource Development write in "Gift Planning: You Can't Afford Not To," there exists a huge financial incentive for…

Morley, Richard H.; Gaudette, Mike

2009-01-01

320

Learning at Work: Organisational Affordances and Individual Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to explore the interaction between organisational affordances for the development of individuals' capability, and the engagement of workers at various levels with those opportunities. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of a large New Zealand wine company, using in-depth interviews. Interviews were…

Bryson, Jane; Pajo, Karl; Ward, Robyn; Mallon, Mary

2006-01-01

321

Development of a GIN11/FRT-based multiple-gene integration technique affording inhibitor-tolerant, hemicellulolytic, xylose-utilizing abilities to industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains for ethanol production from undetoxified lignocellulosic hemicelluloses.  

PubMed

BackgroundBioethanol produced by the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is currently one of the most promising alternatives to conventional transport fuels. Lignocellulosic hemicelluloses obtained after hydrothermal pretreatment are important feedstock for bioethanol production. However, hemicellulosic materials cannot be directly fermented by yeast: xylan backbone of hemicelluloses must first be hydrolyzed by heterologous hemicellulases to release xylose, and the yeast must then ferment xylose in the presence of fermentation inhibitors generated during the pretreatment.ResultsA GIN11/FRT-based multiple-gene integration system was developed for introducing multiple functions into the recombinant S. cerevisiae strains engineered with the xylose metabolic pathway. Antibiotic markers were efficiently recycled by a novel counter selection strategy using galactose-induced expression of both FLP recombinase gene and GIN11 flanked by FLP recombinase recognition target (FRT) sequences. Nine genes were functionally expressed in an industrial diploid strain of S. cerevisiae: endoxylanase gene from Trichoderma reesei, xylosidase gene from Aspergillus oryzae, ß-glucosidase gene from Aspergillus aculeatus, xylose reductase and xylitol dehydrogenase genes from Scheffersomyces stipitis, and XKS1, TAL1, FDH1 and ADH1 variant from S. cerevisiae. The genes were introduced using the homozygous integration system and afforded hemicellulolytic, xylose-assimilating and inhibitor-tolerant abilities to the strain. The engineered yeast strain demonstrated 2.7-fold higher ethanol titer from hemicellulosic material than a xylose-assimilating yeast strain. Furthermore, hemicellulolytic enzymes displayed on the yeast cell surface hydrolyzed hemicelluloses that were not hydrolyzed by a commercial enzyme, leading to increased sugar utilization for improved ethanol production.ConclusionsThe multifunctional yeast strain, developed using a GIN11/FRT-based marker recycling system, achieved direct conversion of hemicellulosic biomass to ethanol without the addition of exogenous hemicellulolytic enzymes. No detoxification processes were required. The multiple-gene integration technique is a powerful approach for introducing and improving the biomass fermentation ability of industrial diploid S. cerevisiae strains. PMID:25306430

Hasunuma, Tomohisa; Hori, Yoshimi; Sakamoto, Takatoshi; Ochiai, Misa; Hatanaka, Haruyo; Kondo, Akihiko

2014-10-12

322

Student Housing and Residential Life: A Handbook for Professionals Committed to Student Development Goals. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on student housing and residential life contains the following articles: (1) "New Challenges and Goals for Residential Life Programs" (Blimling); (2) "Student Development in the Residential Environment" (Winston and Anchors); (3) "Psychosocial Development in College" (White and Porterfield); (4) "Intellectual, Ethical, and Moral…

Winston, Roger B., Jr.; And Others

323

AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY  

EPA Science Inventory

The American Housing Survey (AHS) collects data on the Nation's housing, including apartments, single-family homes, mobile homes, vacant housing units, household characteristics, income, housing and neighborhood quality, housing costs, equipment and fuels, size of housing unit, a...

324

Effects of agriculture, housing development, and industry on water quality in a small drainage basin, Bushkill Creek, Pennsylvania  

SciTech Connect

Beginning in 1989, three successive studies have focused on the effects of various land use activities on water quality in the Bushkill Creek. Bushkill Creek is located in Northampton County, Pennsylvania and is a tributary to the Delaware River. Bushkill Creek has a drainage area of 206 km[sup 2]. The watershed is underlain by slate and shale units of the Martinsburg Formation and Ordovician carbonate rocks including the Jacksonburg Formation, the Beeckmantown Group, and the Allentown Formations. The authors have been collecting water quality data in the Bushkill Creek drainage basin over a three-year period (1989--1992) in order to determine the general quality of the water and to assess the impact of various land use and industrial activities on water quality. The authors' initial investigation focused on the impact of several potential point sources of contamination in the lower, more heavily industrialized, portion of the Bushkill Creek. Water samples were analyzed for ammonia, chromium (at one site only), nitrate, nitrite, orthophosphate, sulfate, and gasoline (at one site only). The results of that research indicated that background concentrations of nitrates and sulfates were quite high. Therefore, subsequent investigations have focused on the potential impact of agricultural activity and housing development in the upper portion of the Bushkill drainage basin. In particular: (1) petroleum contamination was occurring as a point source in the lower Bushkill drainage, (2) nitrate concentrations in the creek have increased during the past twenty years, most likely as the result of agricultural activity and housing development, (3) sulfate loading into the Bushkill Creek occurs from the Little Bushkill Creek, and (4) the high sulfate concentration in the Little Bushkill Creek originates in the vicinity of a slate quarry.

Germanoski, D. (Lafayette College, Easton, PA (United States). Geology Dept.); Braunwell, P. (Virginia Polytechnic Inst., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Environmental Science and Engineering); Coykendall, J.P. (TRC Environmental, Windsor, CT (United States)); Kelsey, J. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Environmental Chemistry)

1993-03-01

325

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

326

Solar House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students work in teams to design and build a model of a solar house after researching several websites. Students will discover that a solar house takes advantage of solar energy to minimize the use of traditional energy sources and can include design elements that take advantage of the sun's rays to light and heat the house, to heat water, and to set up a favorable flow of air. They also learn that many solar houses contain a solar mass that will absorb the heat during the day and release it slowly at night and a passive solar house will also take into account the angle of the sun's rays, to maximize heating during the winter and shade during the summer. This site contains all of the specifications for planning, building, and testing the model and a rubric for grading the project.

Wendy Van Norden

327

Development of an ASHRAE 152-2004 Duct Model for the Single-Family Residential House  

E-print Network

This paper presents the results of the development of the duct model based on ASHRAE standard 152-2004 (ASHRAE, 2004) using the DOE-2.1e building energy simulation program. To accomplish this, FUNCTION commands for DOE-2 were used to develop...

Kim, S.; Haberl, J.

328

ARAACtional exuberance : lessons and prospects for age-restricted active adult housing development in Massachusetts  

E-print Network

In the last fifteen years, Massachusetts and neighboring states have experienced explosive growth in a hitherto alien form of residential development to the region: the age-restricted active adult retirement community ...

Dawson, Sloan William

2010-01-01

329

Practical measurement of affordability: an application to medicines  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To develop two practical methods for measuring the affordability of medicines in developing countries. Methods The proposed methods – catastrophic and impoverishment methods – rely on easily accessible aggregated expenditure data and take into account a country’s income distribution and absolute level of income. The catastrophic method quantifies the proportion of the population whose resources would be catastrophically reduced by spending on a given medicine; the impoverishment method estimates the proportion of the population that would be pushed below the poverty line by procuring a given medicine. These methods are illustrated by calculating the affordability of glibenclamide, an antidiabetic drug, in India and Indonesia. The results were validated by comparing them with the results obtained by using household micro data for India and Indonesia. Findings When accurate aggregate data are available, the proposed methods offer a practical way to obtain informative and accurate estimates of affordability. Their results are very similar to those obtained with household micro data analysis and are easily compared across countries. Conclusion The catastrophic and impoverishment methods, based on macro data, can provide a suitable estimate of medicine affordability when the household level micro data needed to carry out more sophisticated studies are not available. Their usefulness depends on the availability of accurate aggregated data. PMID:22461717

Van de Poel, E; Cameron, A; Ewen, M; Laing, R; Brouwer, WBF

2012-01-01

330

Balancing adequacy and affordability?: Essential Health Benefits under the Affordable Care Act.  

PubMed

The Essential Health Benefits provisions under the Affordable Care Act require that eligible plans provide coverage for certain broadly defined service categories, limit consumer cost-sharing, and meet certain actuarial value requirements. Although the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) was tasked with the regulatory development of these EHB under the ACA, the department quickly devolved this task to the states. Not surprisingly, states fully exploited the leeway provided by HHS, and state decision processes and outcomes differed widely. However, none of the states took advantage of the opportunity to restructure fundamentally their health insurance markets, and only a very limited number of states actually included sophisticated policy expertise in their decisionmaking processes. As a result, and despite a major expansion of coverage, the status quo ex ante in state insurance markets was largely perpetuated. Decisionmaking for the 2016 revisions should be transparent, included a wide variety of stakeholders and policy experts, and focus on balancing adequacy and affordability. However, the 2016 revisions provide an opportunity to address these previous shortcomings. PMID:25316210

Haeder, Simon F

2014-12-01

331

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

332

Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.

333

The House of Make-Believe: Children's Play and the Developing Imagination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Combining a scientific and a humanistic approach in a series of essays that draw on both clinical and literary data, this book examines how imaginative play begins and how it develops. From the infant's first smiles and peekaboo games to the toddler's exploration of objects and participation in symbolic and social pretend play, the book traces the…

Singer, Dorothy G.; Singer, Jerome L.

334

Linking Public Health, Housing, and Indoor Environmental Policy: Successes and Challenges at Local and Federal Agencies in the United States  

PubMed Central

We describe the successes and challenges faced by federal and local government agencies in the United States as they have attempted in recent years to connect public and environmental health, housing, community development, and building design with environmental, housing, and building laws, codes, and policies. These policies can either contribute to or adversely affect human physical and mental health, with important implications for economic viability, research, policy development, and overall social stability and progress. Policy impediments include tension between housing affordability and health investment that causes inefficient cost-shifting, privacy issues, unclear statutory authority, and resulting gaps in responsibility for housing, indoor air, and the built environment. We contrast this with other environmental frameworks such as ambient air and water quality statutes where the concept of “shared commons” and the “polluter pays” is more robust. The U.S. experiences in childhood lead poisoning prevention, indoor air, and mold provide useful policy insights. Local programs can effectively build healthy homes capacity through local laws and housing codes. The experience of coordinating remediation for mold, asthma triggers, weatherization, and other healthy housing improvements in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, is highlighted. The U.S. experience shows that policymakers should adopt a prevention-oriented, comprehensive multi-disciplinary approach at all levels of government to prevent unhealthy buildings, houses, and communities. PMID:17589610

Jacobs, David E.; Kelly, Tom; Sobolewski, John

2007-01-01

335

Modulation of visual attention by object affordance  

PubMed Central

Some objects in our environment are strongly tied to motor actions, a phenomenon called object affordance. A cup, for example, affords us to reach out to it and grasp it by its handle. Studies indicate that merely viewing an affording object triggers motor activations in the brain. The present study investigated whether object affordance would also result in an attention bias, that is, whether observers would rather attend to graspable objects within reach compared to non-graspable but reachable objects or to graspable objects out of reach. To this end, we conducted a combined reaction time and motion tracking study with a table in a virtual three-dimensional space. Two objects were positioned on the table, one near, the other one far from the observer. In each trial, two graspable objects, two non-graspable objects, or a combination of both was presented. Participants were instructed to detect a probe appearing on one of the objects as quickly as possible. Detection times served as indirect measure of attention allocation. The motor association with the graspable object was additionally enhanced by having participants grasp a real object in some of the trials. We hypothesized that visual attention would be preferentially allocated to the near graspable object, which should be reflected in reduced reaction times in this condition. Our results confirm this assumption: probe detection was fastest at the graspable object at the near position compared to the far position or to a non-graspable object. A follow-up experiment revealed that in addition to object affordance per se, immediate graspability of an affording object may also influence this near-space advantage. Our results suggest that visuospatial attention is preferentially allocated to affording objects which are immediately graspable, and thus establish a strong link between an object’ s motor affordance and visual attention. PMID:24567725

Garrido-Vásquez, Patricia; Schubö, Anna

2014-01-01

336

Are Maternal Antibodies Really That Important? Patterns in the Immunologic Development of Altricial Passerine House Sparrows (Passer domesticus)  

PubMed Central

Background Maternal antibodies are believed to play an integral role in protecting immunologically immature wild-passerines from environmental antigens. This study comprehensively examines the early development of the adaptive immune system in an altricial-developing wild passerine species, the house sparrow (Passer domestics), by characterizing the half-life of maternal antibodies in nestling plasma, the onset of de novo synthesis of endogenous antibodies by nestlings, and the timing of immunological independence, where nestlings rely entirely on their own antibodies for immunologic protection. Methodology/Principal Findings In an aviary study we vaccinated females against a novel antigen that these birds would not otherwise encounter in their natural environment, and measured both antigen-specific and total antibody concentration in the plasma of females, yolks, and nestlings. We traced the transfer of maternal antibodies from females to nestlings through the yolk and measured catabolisation of maternal antigen-specific antibodies in nestlings during early development. By utilizing measurements of non-specific and specific antibody levels in nestling plasma we were able to calculate the half-life of maternal antibodies in nestling plasma and the time point at which nestling were capable of synthesizing antibodies themselves. Based on the short half-life of maternal antibodies, the rapid production of endogenous antibodies by nestlings and the relatively low transfer of maternal antibodies to nestlings, our findings suggest that altricial-developing sparrows achieve immunologic independence much earlier than precocial birds. Conclusions/Significance To our knowledge, this is the first in depth analyses performed on the adaptive immune system of a wild-passerine species. Our results suggest that maternal antibodies may not confer the immunologic protection or immune priming previously proposed in other passerine studies. Further research needs to be conducted on other altricial passerines to determine if the results of our study are a species-specific phenomenon or if they apply to all altricial-developing birds. PMID:20300173

King, Marisa O.; Owen, Jeb P.; Schwabl, Hubert G.

2010-01-01

337

Experimental Citizens: The Experimental Housing Allowance Program and Housing Vouchers as American Social Policy in the 1970s and 1980s  

E-print Network

and Community Development, Committee on Banking, Finance,and Community Development of the House Committee on BankingBanking, Currency and Housing, The Housing Authorization Act of 1976, Hearings before the Subcommittee on Housing and Community

Arias, Melanie Kayser Schmidt

2013-01-01

338

Growth and development of house sparrows (Passer domesticus) in response to chronic food restriction throughout the nestling period.  

PubMed

Birds have evolved phenotypic plasticity in growth and developmental patterns in order to respond to fluctuating environmental conditions and to mitigate the impact of poor feeding on fitness. Chronic food shortage can occur during chick development in the wild, and the responses of altricial birds have not been thoroughly studied. House sparrow (Passer domesticus) nestlings were raised in the laboratory on age-specific meal sizes (controls) or meal sizes 25% less than age-specific amounts (food-restricted) and analyzed at 6, 9 and 12 days post-hatch for differences in growth and development. Food-restricted birds had significantly reduced body mass and body temperature, but skeletal growth was maintained with respect to controls. Muscle mass was significantly reduced and muscle water content was slightly, though not significantly, higher in food-restricted birds, which may reflect slight developmental immaturity. Assimilation organ masses, summed enzymatic capacity of the intestine and lipid content of the liver were significantly reduced in food-restricted birds. Findings from this study indicate that altricial birds experiencing chronic, moderate food restriction throughout the nestling period may allocate resources to structural growth through energy-saving reductions in mass of assimilation organs and body temperature. PMID:22573759

Killpack, Tess L; Karasov, William H

2012-06-01

339

[Development of in-house software for calculating and searching the restricted mass collision stopping powers for electrons].  

PubMed

In external radiotherapy, the absorbed doses are measured using an ionization process in a gas-filled ionization chamber and estimated by the extended cavity theory. The calculation requires both the W-value of cavity gas and the restricted mass collision stopping powers (L/?) for the gas and medium. ICRU Report 37 gives us the data regarding the mass collision stopping powers (S/?) for several elements and chemical compounds or mixtures. However, there are no detailed data for L/?. In this study, we developed an in-house program to calculate the L/? for arbitrary substances by the use of the equation described in ICRU Report 37. With this program, we can search the calculated L/? easily. When we calculated L/? for chemical compounds and mixtures with implementation of Bragg's additivity rule, a large error of density effect corrections was observed. Therefore, our program adopted both the mean excitation energy and density effect correction obtained by ESTAR, which was developed by Berger et al. With adoption of these values, the calculation accuracy of our program was improved. Our program is useful to search L/? for radiation dosimetry in radiotherapy. PMID:23448835

Kato, Hideki; Hayashi, Naoki; Ehara, Isao; Aoyama, Takahiro; Suzuki, Shizuma; Adachi, Yumiko; Okabe, Masahiko

2013-02-01

340

Aspects of the Development of Housing for the Spaceflight of Pregnant and Lactating Rats with Neonates  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent and upcoming spaceflights are investigating the effect of weightlessness on developing neural and organ systems. Pregnant rats and dams with neonates have to be accommodated in cages that support the special requirements of these animals. Extensive ground testing of cage concepts, the effect of launch and landing stresses on the maintenance of pregnancy and maternal behavior at different neonatal ages, and techniques for monitoring adaptability to change are discussed. A spaceflight opportunity for the NlH.R3 payload of rat families at three different postnatal ages demonstrated that the survival of very young animals was not good but that older newborns could be returned to Earth in reasonably good health. The development of cages for the Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF) to support the flight of neonates on Neurolab was continued and incorporated modifications that were demonstrated by the NIH.R3 flight. Other modifications to the RAHF are discussed. Data from biocompatibility and experiment verification testing are presented.

Hinds, William E.; Mayer, David J.; Evans, Juli; Spratt, Shahn; Lane, Philip K.; Rodriguez, Shari L.; Navidi, Meena; Armstrong, Rachel; Lemos, Bonnie; Dalton, Bonnie P. (Technical Monitor)

1996-01-01

341

Technology development activities for housing research animals on Space Station Freedom  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development and design of animal facilities are described in terms of the technological needs for NASA's Biological Flight Research Laboratory. Animal habitats are presented with illustrations which encompass waste-collection techniques for microgravity conditions that reduce the need for crew participation. The technology is intended to be highly compatible with animal morphology, and airflow is employed as the primary mechanism of waste control. The airflow can be utilized in the form of localized high-speed directed flow that simultaneously provides a clean animal habitat and low airflow rates. The design of an animal-habitat testbed is presented which capitalizes on contamination-control mechanisms and suitable materials for microgravity conditions. The developments in materials and technologies represent significant contributions for the design of the centrifuge facilities for the Space Station Freedom.

Jenner, Jeffrey W.; Garin, Vladimir M.; Nguyen, Frank D.

1991-01-01

342

24 CFR 884.110 - Types of housing and property standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 884.110 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2012-04-01

343

24 CFR 884.213 - Execution of housing assistance payments contract.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 884.213 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2011-04-01

344

24 CFR 884.110 - Types of housing and property standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 884.110 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2011-04-01

345

24 CFR 884.213 - Execution of housing assistance payments contract.  

...Section 884.213 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2014-04-01

346

24 CFR 884.108 - Term of housing assistance payments contract.  

...Section 884.108 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2014-04-01

347

24 CFR 884.108 - Term of housing assistance payments contract.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 884.108 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2012-04-01

348

24 CFR 884.110 - Types of housing and property standards.  

...Section 884.110 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2014-04-01

349

24 CFR 884.108 - Term of housing assistance payments contract.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 884.108 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2011-04-01

350

24 CFR 884.213 - Execution of housing assistance payments contract.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 884.213 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2012-04-01

351

24 CFR 884.213 - Execution of housing assistance payments contract.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 884.213 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2010-04-01

352

24 CFR 884.213 - Execution of housing assistance payments contract.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 884.213 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2013-04-01

353

24 CFR 884.110 - Types of housing and property standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 884.110 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2013-04-01

354

24 CFR 884.108 - Term of housing assistance payments contract.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 884.108 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2013-04-01

355

House Warming  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this physical sciences activity, learners explore how passive solar design increases energy efficiency. Learners test paperboard models of different building designs to discover how the design affects the amount of heat that enters the house.

Television, Twin C.

2013-01-01

356

76 FR 8851 - Manufactured Housing: Notification, Correction, and Procedural Regulations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...February 15, 2011 Part II Department of Housing and Urban Development...24 CFR Part 3282 Manufactured Housing: Notification, Correction, and Procedural...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part...

2011-02-15

357

41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1968 (42 U.S.C. 3601) states, in section 801, that “It is the policy of the United States to provide, within constitutional limitations, for fair housing throughout the United States.” Section 808(a) places the authority and...

2010-07-01

358

Habitat Metro Denver -- Perfecting Award-Winning Affordable Homes Using Building America's Integrated Design Approach  

SciTech Connect

Habitat for Humanity's goal is to supply quality housing to poor families while reducing their energy cost burden, especially in light of ever-increasing energy prices. Habitat Metro Denver partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Project and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to improve their construction and design process to create an affordable home that is not only cost-effective and volunteer friendly to build but highly energy efficient and a comfortable place to live.

Not Available

2004-12-01

359

Evaluation of Modeled and Measured Energy Savings in Existing All Electric Public Housing in the Pacific Northwest  

SciTech Connect

This project analyzes the cost effectiveness of energy savings measures installed by a large public housing authority in Salishan, a community in Tacoma Washington. Research focuses on the modeled and measured energy usage of the first six phases of construction, and compares the energy usage of those phases to phase 7. Market-ready energy solutions were also evaluated to improve the efficiency of affordable housing for new and existing (built since 2001) affordable housing in the marine climate of Washington State.

Gordon, A.; Lubliner, M.; Howard, L.; Kunkle, R.; Salzberg, E.

2014-04-01

360

Evaluating Energy Savings in All-Electric Public Housing in the Pacific Northwest, Tacoma, Washington (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This project analyzes the cost effectiveness of energy savings measures installed by a large public housing authority in Salishan, a community in Tacoma Washington. Research focuses on the modeled and measured energy usage of the first six phases of construction, and compares the energy usage of those phases to phase 7. Market-ready energy solutions were also evaluated to improve the efficiency of affordable housing for new and existing (built since 2001) affordable housing in the marine climate of Washington State.

Not Available

2014-03-01

361

Options for Affordable Planetary Fission Surface Power Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nuclear fission systems could serve as "workhorse" power plants for the Vision for Space Exploration. In this context, the "workhorse" power plant is defined as a system that could provide power anywhere on the surface of the moon or Mars, land on the moon using a Robotic Lunar Exploration Program (RLEP)-developed lander, and would be a viable, affordable option once power requirements exceed that which can be provided by existing energy systems.

Houts, Mike; Gaddis, Steve; Porter, Ron; VanDyke, Melissa; Martin, Jim; Godfroy, Tom; Bragg-Sitton, Shannon; Garber, Anne; Pearson, Boise

2006-01-01

362

The Transformation of Ergonomic Affordances into Cultural Affordances: The Case of the Alnuset System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it possible to study the ergonomic affordances offered by a system designed for educational aims and their transformation into cultural affordances? To this purpose, what references can we adopt? This work describes the theoretical framework used to realise this study referring to AlNuSet, a system realised within the EC ReMath project to…

Chiappini, Giampaolo

2012-01-01

363

The Affordable Care Act and orthopaedic trauma.  

PubMed

The Affordable Care Act has resulted in a dramatic governmental restructuring of the healthcare insurance market and delivery system. Orthopaedic traumatologists must be aware of the law's impact on their clinical practice, finances, and overall business model. This includes the effect of accountable care organizations, the Independent Payment Advisory Board, and the Physician Value-Based Payment Modifier program, as well as the impact of the Affordable Care Act's grace period provision, medical device excise tax, and cuts to funding for the Disproportionate Share Hospital program. PMID:25229683

Issar, Neil M; Jahangir, A Alex

2014-10-01

364

Affordance Templates for Shared Robot Control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper introduces the Affordance Template framework used to supervise task behaviors on the NASA-JSC Valkyrie robot at the 2013 DARPA Robotics Challenge (DRC) Trials. This framework provides graphical interfaces to human supervisors that are adjustable based on the run-time environmental context (e.g., size, location, and shape of objects that the robot must interact with, etc.). Additional improvements, described below, inject degrees of autonomy into instantiations of affordance templates at run-time in order to enable efficient human supervision of the robot for accomplishing tasks.

Hart, Stephen; Dinh, Paul; Hambuchen, Kim

2014-01-01

365

Building a 40% Energy Saving House in the Mixed-Humid Climate  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes a home that uses 40% less energy than the energy-efficient Building America standard - a giant step in the pursuit of affordable near-zero-energy housing through the evolution of five near-zero-energy research houses. This four-bedroom, two-bath, 1232-ft2 house has a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) index of 35 (a HERS rating of 0 is a zero-energy house, a

Jeffrey E Christian; Jacob Bonar

2011-01-01

366

ReHABit : claiming endangered structures in Washington DC to rethink subsidized housing  

E-print Network

There is an affordable housing crisis today in Washington D.C. that is the result of a uniquely complicated history of a capital city and a current economic boom. This thesis responds to that crisis by proposing a new ...

Fowlkes, Catherine Kuhnle

2007-01-01

367

Low income housing tax credit properties : non-profit disposition strategies in the Commonwealth  

E-print Network

This thesis examines how non-profit owners in Massachusetts have maintained affordability and ownership of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) properties after the initial fifteen-year compliance period, at the lowest ...

Lew-Hailer, Lillian

2007-01-01

368

Housing Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

Schmalz, Georgann

1985-01-01

369

Anatomy of a Smart house  

SciTech Connect

The author describes the Gas Laboratory House in Bowie, MD. It is being built as a SMART HOUSE. This means it will contain a whole-house control system made up of communication chips, computer programs and microprocessor-based controllers. A single cable carries signals from the chips to many different types of appliances. Flexible gas piping forms a ''circulatory system'' that makes the house completely compatible with natural gas appliances. The SMART HOUSE is fully programmable so that appliances can be told when to turn on and off. It can also have a zoned space-conditioning system, allowing sections of the house to be heated or cooled independently. The authors explains how the system works and the project's development schedule.

Kennedy, L.

1988-07-01

370

Energy efficiency of ultra-low-cost housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing is a problem in all developing countries. Presently South Africa has a large urbanization drive, to such an extent that over the next 10 years 1300 houses per day must be built to alleviate the problem. Most of the houses currently being erected could be described as ultra-low-cost houses. These houses are constructed by their owners in record time

E. H. Mathews; P. G. Richards; S. L. Van Wyk; P. G. Rousseau

1995-01-01

371

Competition during the milk-feeding stage influences the development of feeding behavior of pair-housed dairy calves.  

PubMed

This study investigated how the feeding behavior of pair-housed calves develops in response to reduced teat and feed place availability. Twenty Holstein bull calves were pair housed and provided with milk replacer (MR) and grain concentrate ad libitum via either (1) 1 teat and feed bucket/pen, such that calves could not feed simultaneously [competitive feeding (CF)] or (2) 2 teats and feed buckets/pen [noncompetitive feeding (NCF)]. The calves were weaned during wk 7 of life by incrementally diluting the MR. Postweaning, all pens were managed identically and offered a complete pelleted diet ad libitum via 2 feed buckets/pen (NCF) in period 1 (wk 8 and 9) and period 3 (wk 12 and 13) and exposed to a competitive challenge with CF in period 2 (wk 10 and 11). Feeding times and competitive interactions were recorded from video for 3 d/wk in wk 2, 4, and 6 and 2 d/wk in wk 8 to 13. Meal criteria were used to calculate daily meal frequency, meal time, and synchronized meal time (the percentage of meal time when calves within the pen were engaged in simultaneous meals). Milk replacer intake was subject to a treatment × week interaction, with calves in CF pens having lower MR intake (wk 2: 8.3 vs. 10.0 L/calf per day for CF vs. NCF), but compensating by increasing intake to a greater extent over time (wk 4-5: 13.3 vs. 11.7 L/d for CF vs. NCF). Corresponding to MR intake, meal frequencies and feeding times evolved differently over this period, increasing in CF pens and decreasing in NCF pens (wk 2: 5.8 vs. 11.1 and wk 4-6: 6.2 vs. 5.1 meals/d for CF vs. NCF). Calves in CF pens also spent less time engaged in synchronized meals (28 vs. 51% of meal time; standard error=7.1) and displaced each other 5 times more frequently during synchronized eating. Postweaning, calves in previously CF pens maintained 5 times greater displacement frequencies and had fewer overlapping meals than calves in previously NCF pens (34.5 vs. 40.7% of meals, respectively). Postweaning, when calves were all fed noncompetitively (2 buckets/pen in periods 1 and 3), calves previously fed CF had greater intakes in period 3 (4.87 vs. 4.44 kg/d) and a tendency for greater intake in period 1 (2.80 vs. 2.63 kg/d), greater rates of intake in period 3 (87.8 vs. 72.0 g/min) and a tendency for greater rates of intake in period 1 (44.3 vs. 38.9 g/min), and greater meal frequencies in both periods (11.1 vs. 9.9 meals/d). In the competitive challenge period (1 bucket/pen in period 2), intake, rates of intake, and meal frequencies were subject to treatment × week interactions: calves in NCF pens had lower intake and meal frequencies, but increased meal frequency, intake, and rate of intake over time to a greater extent than calves previously in CF pens. These results indicate that calves are able to adapt to moderate competition by increasing meal frequency and that behavioral responses to competition persist postweaning. PMID:25108872

Miller-Cushon, E K; Bergeron, R; Leslie, K E; Mason, G J; DeVries, T J

2014-10-01

372

Are Selective Private and Public Colleges Affordable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine college affordability under the existing pricing and financial aid system that awards both non need-based and need-based aid. Using data of freshmen attending a large number of selective private and public colleges in the USA, we find that the prices students actually pay for college have increased over time. Need-based grant aid has…

Karikari, John A.; Dezhbakhsh, Hashem

2013-01-01

373

Workplace affordances and individual engagement at work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses factors that influence how learning in workplaces proceeds. It focuses on the dual considerations of how workplaces afford opportunities for learning and how individuals elect to engage in activities and with the guidance provided by the workplace. Together, these dual bases for coparticipation at work, and the relations between them, are central to the kinds of learning

Stephen Billett

374

Actions and Affordances in Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2 experiments, eye movements were monitored as participants followed instructions containing temporary syntactic ambiguities (e.g., "Pour the egg in the bowl over the flour"). The authors varied the affordances of task-relevant objects with respect to the action required by the instruction (e.g., whether 1 or both eggs in the visual workspace…

Chambers, Craig G.; Tanenhaus, Michael K.; Magnuson, James S.

2004-01-01

375

9 Tips for Affordable Student Trips  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trick to having a successful and affordable trip is planning ahead and planning thoroughly. Keep the spirits high and the costs low by following a well-traveled ensemble director's suggestions as presented in this article. These tips include finding local attractions that are unique to the city that the group will be visiting, looking at…

Adams, Jonathan

2013-01-01

376

Transcript Hispanics and the Affordable Care Act  

Cancer.gov

Transcript Hispanics and the Affordable Care Act Hola, habla con usted la doctora Amelie Ramirez. Esto es lo que los latinos deben saber: La Ley del Cuidado de Salud ayudará a que la cobertura de seguro médico esté a disposición de muchas personas que,

377

77 FR 31374 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Rural Housing Stability Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Collection to OMB; Rural Housing Stability...requirements that Rural Housing Stability...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451...Department of Housing and Urban Development has submitted...Title of Proposal: Rural Housing...

2012-05-25

378

25 CFR 700.183 - Determination of replacement housing benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...cost of available replacement housing which meets Commission standards...determination of whether replacement housing benefits should be increased or decreased to reflect change in housing or development and construction...replacement site, the purchase price of the replacement dwelling...

2011-04-01

379

25 CFR 700.183 - Determination of replacement housing benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...cost of available replacement housing which meets Commission standards...determination of whether replacement housing benefits should be increased or decreased to reflect change in housing or development and construction...replacement site, the purchase price of the replacement dwelling...

2010-04-01

380

75 FR 8393 - Housing Counseling Training Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5376-N-09] Housing Counseling Training Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information...lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Housing Counseling Training Program. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0567....

2010-02-24

381

Health, hope, and human development: building capacity in public housing communities on the U.S.-Mexico border.  

PubMed

In this paper we highlight results from our recent survey of public housing residents living in the U.S.-Mexico border region. Our data inform our interdisciplinary (public health, education, environmental engineering, sociology) efforts to improve health and educational equity in our community, and provide ripe opportunities for policy advocacy. PMID:24185141

Mata, Holly; Flores, Maria; Castañeda, Ernesto; Medina-Jerez, William; Lachica, Josue; Smith, Curtis; Olvera, Hector

2013-11-01

382

Study on Countermeasures of Damp House Problems by Developing Drain-Less Cooling System in Hot and Humid Climates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In hot and humid climates, dampness in buildings leads to significant respiratory symptoms and damage of building. A damp house can be recognized by one or more of the following characteristics: damp stains, mold growth, condensation, a musty smell or stuffy atmosphere, and insects such as silverfish and sow bugs. To improve the problem, reducing the humidity of living environment

Y Tsay; S Kato; R Ooka; M Koganei; N Shoda

383

New Trends in Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the influence of residence halls in supporting a college's admissions and recruiting process for attracting highly qualified students. It explores the trends in student housing needs and how a school can meet those needs, and examines possible funding solutions for dormitory renovations. Recommendations for developing housing strategies…

Koch, David; Wesse, David; Stickney, Robert

1999-01-01

384

Housing and inequalities in health: a study of socioeconomic dimensions of housing and self reported health from a survey of Vancouver residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To investigate the relation between housing, socioeconomic status, and self reported general and mental health. This study is an empirical investigation of social and economic dimensions of housing, specifically, demand, control, and material (affordability, dwelling type) and meaningful (pride in dwelling, home as a refuge) dimensions of everyday life as they occur in the domestic environment.Design: A cross

J R Dunn

2002-01-01

385

Designing the temperate house  

SciTech Connect

The climate is the architects's true adversary; as the climate varies, so should the shelter. The two most important developments which have emerged nationally in today's house building are the continuous concept of space and the greater exploitation of industrialized products, specifically large sheets of glass. Both make houses more vulnerable than ever to climate - to heat, wind, humidity, hurricanes, earthquakes, rainfall, and snowfall, and most of all to the sun. The designer's problem is build a shelter which will adjust to the seasonal, daily, and hourly variation in the intensity of the sun's radiation. The article examines various approaches to this problem. 16 figs.

Olgyay, V.

1989-01-01

386

The Affording Mars Workshop: Background and Recommendations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A human mission to Mars is the stated "ultimate" goal for NASA and is widely believed by the public to be the most compelling destination for America's space program. However, widely cited enormous costs - perhaps as much as a trillion dollars for a many-decade campaign - seem to be an impossible hurdle, although political and budget instability over many years may be equally challenging. More recently, a handful of increasingly detailed architectures for initial Mars missions have been developed by commercial companies that have estimated costs much less than widely believed and roughly comparable with previous major human space flight programs: the Apollo Program, the International Space Station, and the space shuttle. Several of these studies are listed in the bibliography to the workshop report. As a consequence of these new scenarios, beginning in spring, 2013 a multiinstitutional planning team began developing the content and invitee list for a winter workshop that would critically assess concepts, initiatives, technology priorities, and programmatic options to reduce significantly the costs of human exploration of Mars. The output of the workshop - findings and recommendations - would be presented in a number of forums and discussed with national leaders in human space flight. It would also be made available to potential international partners. This workshop was planned from the start to be the first in a series. Subsequent meetings, conferences, and symposia will concentrate on topics not able to be covered in December. In addition, to make progress in short meeting, a handful of ground rules were adopted by the planning team and agreed to by the participants. Perhaps the two most notable such ground rules were (1) the Space Launch System (SLS) and Orion would be available during the time frame considered by the participants and (2) the International Space Station (ISS) would remain the early linchpin in preparing for Mars exploration over the coming decade. The workshop was organized around three topical breakout sessions: 1. The ISS and the path to Mars: The critical coming decade 2. Affordability and sustainability: what does it mean and what are its implications within guidelines established at the start of the workshop? 3. Notional sequence(s) of cost-achievable missions for the 2020s to 2030s, including capability objectives at each stage and opportunities for coordinated robotic partnerships.

Thronson, Harley A.; Carberry, Christopher

2014-01-01

387

Smart Houses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

1987-01-01

388

19 February 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP  

E-print Network

/ FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP 1 Kimberley Mok Design / Green Architecture January 9, 2014 © Mateusz and less affordable housing available, meaning that some municipalities are trying out things like micro/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER - FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP 2 © Mateusz

389

Abstract--We are developing robots for inspection of the under floor of houses. The developed robot system is reported in  

E-print Network

House Industry Co., Ltd., Nara 631-0801 Japan (e-mail: {p3005233, s-kitamura childish-toys, minamikawa, sleeping room, kitchen, bathroom etc.). Each area is connected via connecting hole as shown in Fig. 3

Ohya, Akihisa

390

Development of an orange juice in-house reference material and its application to guarantee the quality of vitamin C determination in fruits, juices and fruit pulps.  

PubMed

Reference materials are useful for the quality control of analytical procedures and to evaluate the performance of laboratories. There are few and expensive certified reference materials commercially available for vitamin C or ascorbic acid analysis in food matrices. In this study, the preparation and the suitability assessment of an orange juice in-house reference material (RM) for vitamin C analysis in fruits, juices and in fruit pulps is described. This RM was used for the development and full validation of an HPLC method. The results showed excellent linearity (r(2)=0.9995), good accuracy (96.6-97.3%) and precision, as relative standard deviation, ranged from 0.70% to 3.67%. The in-house RM was homogenous and stable at storage conditions (-80°C) during 12 months. According to our results, this in-house RM is an excellent tool to use in quality control and method verification purposes for vitamin C analysis of fruits, juices and fruit pulps matrices. Furthermore, a stabilization solution with perchloric and metaphosphoric acids was developed which prevents degradation of ascorbic acid for a period of 12 months at -80°C. PMID:24518317

Valente, A; Sanches-Silva, A; Albuquerque, T G; Costa, H S

2014-07-01

391

The Winners in China's Urban Housing Reform.  

PubMed

Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China's transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation. PMID:24163494

Logan, John R; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

2010-01-01

392

24 CFR 884.222 - Inapplicability of low-rent public housing model lease and grievance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 884.222 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2013-04-01

393

24 CFR 884.222 - Inapplicability of low-rent public housing model lease and grievance procedures.  

...Section 884.222 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2014-04-01

394

24 CFR 884.222 - Inapplicability of low-rent public housing model lease and grievance procedures.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 884.222 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2012-04-01

395

Housing services Zinfandel Hall  

E-print Network

Housing services Zinfandel Hall (707) 664-2541 Fax: (707) 664-4158 e-mail: ssu.housing@sonoma.edu www.sonoma.edu/housing On-Campus Housing The Residential Community provides comfortable, convenient in the local area. This listing can be found online at www.sonoma.edu/housing, and includes rental houses

Ravikumar, B.

396

Affordable spectro-polarimetry using MANTIS-3T  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PAR Government Systems Corporation (PAR) with Advanced Coherent Technologies, LLC (ACT) has developed affordable, narrow-band polarimetry sensor hardware and software based upon the PAR Mission Adaptable Narrowband Tunable Imaging Sensor (MANTIS). The sensor has been deployed in multiple environments. Polarimetric imagery of the clear blue sky and the sea surface has been collected. In addition, a significant amount of calibration data has been collected to correctly calibrate the sensor for real-time Stokes Vector imaging. Data collected with the MANTIS polarization sensor has been compared to modeled data. The sensor hardware and software is described and some representative collected calibration data are presented and compared to a developing model.

Dirbas, Joseph; Davies, Adam; Schoonmaker, Jon; Gilbert, Gary; Contarino, Vincent; Crowley, Michael

2007-04-01

397

Social congestion in Shanghai : an urban housing project designed on its sections  

E-print Network

The new housing developments of Shanghai rely on high-rise building, demolishing the prevailing low-rise high-density housing, known as Lilong housing, built in the early 20th century, and known as Lilong housing. The ...

Ge, Wenjun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

398

24 CFR 761.5 - Public housing; encouragement of resident participation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Public housing; encouragement of resident...AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS...PROGRAMS General § 761.5 Public housing; encouragement of...

2010-04-01

399

76 FR 81363 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Temporary Exemption From Compliance With FHA's Regulation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...stabilize real estate prices as well as neighborhoods...Development, Office of Housing, Department of Housing...program authorized by the Housing and Economic Recovery...stabilizing real estate prices and neighborhoods that...6149). Given that the housing market, although...

2011-12-28

400

78 FR 2280 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) First Look Sales Method Under the Neighborhood Stabilization...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...FR-5410-N-03] Federal Housing Administration (FHA) First...Increased Discount on Sales Price for Certain Properties and...the Assistant Secretary for Housing--Federal Housing...

2013-01-10

401

78 FR 60193 - Manufactured Housing: Revision of Notification, Correction, and Procedural Regulations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 3282...FR-5238-F-02] RIN 2502-AI84 Manufactured Housing: Revision of Notification, Correction...Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing-Federal Housing Commissioner,...

2013-10-01

402

77 FR 26218 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Section 232 Healthcare Facility Insurance Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Parts 5...FR-5465 P-01] RIN-2502-AJ05 Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Section 232 Healthcare...Office of the Assistant Secretary for Housing--Federal Housing Commissioner,...

2012-05-03

403

77 FR 71099 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Temporary Waiver of FHA's Regulation on Property Flipping...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the Assistant Secretary for Housing--Federal Housing Commissioner, HUD. ACTION...helping to stabilize real estate prices as well as neighborhoods and...Program Development, Office of Housing, Department of Housing and...

2012-11-29

404

24 CFR Appendix to Subpart M of... - Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...Housing Marketing Regulations Pt. 200, Subpt. M, App. Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200—Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia...

2010-04-01

405

Local leadership and the Affordable Care Act.  

PubMed

Local health departments are in key positions to lead in the education and implementation efforts to advance the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The first enrollment period is over, but the efforts to enroll the uninsured and advocate for expansion of Medicaid in the states that have not yet taken on this expansion will continue for years to come. Political climates may be unsupportive, but some actions may still be possible. PMID:25423062

Williams, Stephen L; Nichols, Beverly L; Barton, M Katherine; De LaCruz, Maria; Hernandez, Benjamin

2015-01-01

406

The Affordable Care Act and emergency care.  

PubMed

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) will have far-reaching effects on the way health care is designed and delivered. Several elements of the ACA will directly affect both demand for ED care and expectations for its role in providing coordinated care. Hospitals will need to employ strategies to reduce ED crowding as the ACA expands insurance coverage. Discussions between EDs and primary care physicians about their respective roles providing acute unscheduled care would promote the goals of the ACA. PMID:25121814

McClelland, Mark; Asplin, Brent; Epstein, Stephen K; Kocher, Keith Eric; Pilgrim, Randy; Pines, Jesse; Rabin, Elaine Judith; Rathlev, Niels Kumar

2014-10-01

407

Affordable Heavy Lift Capability: 2000-2004  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This custom bibliography from the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Program lists a sampling of records found in the NASA Aeronautics and Space Database. The scope of this topic includes technologies to allow robust, affordable access of cargo, particularly to low-Earth orbit. This area of focus is one of the enabling technologies as defined by NASA s Report of the President s Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy, published in June 2004.

2004-01-01

408

2014 Summer Housing Summer Housing dates  

E-print Network

2014 Summer Housing FACT SHEET Summer Housing dates: May 19, 2014 ­ August 9, 2014 "Rochester Shines in the Summer Time" Please read all of the information thoroughly. Once signed, your housing contract is binding. *We will begin accepting Summer Housing contracts Monday, April 7, 2014 GENERAL

Mahon, Bradford Z.

409

Effect of housing system, slaughter weight and slaughter strategy on carcass and meat quality, sex organ development and androstenone and skatole levels in Duroc finished entire male pigs.  

PubMed

This study aimed at evaluating the effect of housing system (HS), slaughter weight (SW) and strategy (SS) on carcass a nd meat quality, sexual organ development and boar taint in entire males. Twelve pens of 10 pigs were used (two trials). Half of male pens were allowed visual contact with females (MF) and half with males (MM). Half MM or MF were slaughtered at 105 or 130 kg in trial 1, or penwise or by split marketing in trial 2 at 120 kg. Housing system showed no significant effect on carcass or meat quality. MF presented significantly longer testicles and heavier bulbourethral glands compared to MM. The distribution of androstenone and skatole levels was affected by SW but not by HS or SS, samples with androstenone >1 ?g/g of the different groups falling within the range of 16 to 22%. All correlations between androstenone and sex organs were significant. Housing system and slaughter strategy did not reduce the risk of boar tainted carcasses. PMID:21641121

Fàbrega, E; Gispert, M; Tibau, J; Hortós, M; Oliver, M A; Furnols, M Font I

2011-12-01

410

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION  

E-print Network

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION 2013-2014 Listed below are the students requesting to choose their housing together for a Wittenberg University Student Rental. (Please file only one the lottery. Select your housing on Tuesday, February 26, 2013, 9:30PM in Student Development. Priority

Bogaerts, Steven

411

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION  

E-print Network

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION 2014-2015 Listed below are the students requesting to choose their housing together for a Wittenberg University Student Rental. (Please file only one the lottery. Select your housing on Tuesday, March 4, 2014, 9:30PM in Student Development. Priority

Bogaerts, Steven

412

House types for high-density urban housing  

SciTech Connect

Design proposals are given for 28 house types for low-rise, high-density urban structure and for 3 neighborhoods based upon these principles. Main features of the house are: (a) living spaces oriented south regardless of the orientation of access streets; (b) clustering of houses to maximize solar penetration and minimize overshadowing; (c) form of houses and their clustering designed to minimize external surface area of units to reduce energy loss in winter and gain in summer; (d) high densities to reduce distances and vehicular movement, and to encourage walking, and for efficient land use; (e) small lots of appropriate shape to permit high densities and economies of infrastructure; (f) minimum road and parking surface areas to reduce ambient temperatures in summer by using garages and multi-loading of access streets. Neighborhood characteristics include: (a) all living rooms facing south; (b) individual houses on the ground with compact gardens; (c) high density development with small lots; and (d) houses with and without integral garages, interrelated vehicular and pedestrian circulation. Each house type and neighborhood is briefly described and for each house and neighborhood is given complete drawings including elevations, sections, isometrics and plans and scale models. (LEW)

Land, P.

1982-06-01

413

Delivering affordable cancer care in high-income countries.  

PubMed

The burden of cancer is growing, and the disease is becoming a major economic expenditure for all developed countries. In 2008, the worldwide cost of cancer due to premature death and disability (not including direct medical costs) was estimated to be US$895 billion. This is not simply due to an increase in absolute numbers, but also the rate of increase of expenditure on cancer. What are the drivers and solutions to the so-called cancer-cost curve in developed countries? How are we going to afford to deliver high quality and equitable care? Here, expert opinion from health-care professionals, policy makers, and cancer survivors has been gathered to address the barriers and solutions to delivering affordable cancer care. Although many of the drivers and themes are specific to a particular field-eg, the huge development costs for cancer medicines-there is strong concordance running through each contribution. Several drivers of cost, such as over-use, rapid expansion, and shortening life cycles of cancer technologies (such as medicines and imaging modalities), and the lack of suitable clinical research and integrated health economic studies, have converged with more defensive medical practice, a less informed regulatory system, a lack of evidence-based sociopolitical debate, and a declining degree of fairness for all patients with cancer. Urgent solutions range from re-engineering of the macroeconomic basis of cancer costs (eg, value-based approaches to bend the cost curve and allow cost-saving technologies), greater education of policy makers, and an informed and transparent regulatory system. A radical shift in cancer policy is also required. Political toleration of unfairness in access to affordable cancer treatment is unacceptable. The cancer profession and industry should take responsibility and not accept a substandard evidence base and an ethos of very small benefit at whatever cost; rather, we need delivery of fair prices and real value from new technologies. PMID:21958503

Sullivan, Richard; Peppercorn, Jeffrey; Sikora, Karol; Zalcberg, John; Meropol, Neal J; Amir, Eitan; Khayat, David; Boyle, Peter; Autier, Philippe; Tannock, Ian F; Fojo, Tito; Siderov, Jim; Williamson, Steve; Camporesi, Silvia; McVie, J Gordon; Purushotham, Arnie D; Naredi, Peter; Eggermont, Alexander; Brennan, Murray F; Steinberg, Michael L; De Ridder, Mark; McCloskey, Susan A; Verellen, Dirk; Roberts, Terence; Storme, Guy; Hicks, Rodney J; Ell, Peter J; Hirsch, Bradford R; Carbone, David P; Schulman, Kevin A; Catchpole, Paul; Taylor, David; Geissler, Jan; Brinker, Nancy G; Meltzer, David; Kerr, David; Aapro, Matti

2011-09-01

414

Enabling Dedicated, Affordable Space Access Through Aggressive Technology Maturation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A launch vehicle at the scale and price point which allows developers to take reasonable risks with high payoff propulsion and avionics hardware solutions does not exist today. Establishing this service provides a ride through the proverbial technology "valley of death" that lies between demonstration in laboratory and flight environments. NASA's NanoLaunch effort will provide the framework to mature both earth-to-orbit and on-orbit propulsion and avionics technologies while also providing affordable, dedicated access to low earth orbit for cubesat class payloads.

Jones, Jonathan E.; Kibbey, Timothy P.; Cobb, C. Brent; Harris, Lawanna L.

2014-01-01

415

There's No Place Like Home: How America's Housing Crisis Threatens Our Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report pulls together recent research from the Centers for Disease Control, leading medical and public health journals, and firsthand observations by pediatricians across the country on the link between affordable housing and children's health and outcomes. Also included are the most recent data from the America Housing Survey, the U.S.…

Sandel, Megan; Sharfstein, Joshua; Shaw, Randy

416

The role of attention in the affordance effect: can we afford to ignore it?  

PubMed

It has been established that the task-irrelevant orientation of an object's graspable handle produces a stimulus-response compatibility effect, resulting in faster reaction times when the location of the response corresponds to that of the object's handle. There is ongoing debate whether to attribute this affordance effect to motoric or to attentional components. In an attempt to reconcile these two viewpoints, we employed a novel experimental approach for investigating the relationship between attention and affordance. Using 3-D positional sound, auditory spatial attention was manipulated in order to explore its effects on affordance. Subjects were presented images of everyday graspable objects and had to respond bimanually (left or right) whether the object (featuring a leftward or rightward handle) was presented upright or upside-down. Prior to each affording object, sound localization cues were manipulated so as to orient auditory attention to the left, or to the right of the interaural axis (control). We obtained a peculiar pattern of results, which not only appears to provide support for an attention-shift account of affordance but does so in a cross-modal context. PMID:22806650

Kostov, Kiril; Janyan, Armina

2012-08-01

417

A Bootstrap Approach to an Affordable Exploration Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper examines the potential to build an affordable sustainable exploration program by adopting an approach that requires investing in technologies that can be used to build a space infrastructure from very modest initial capabilities. Human exploration has had a history of flight programs that have high development and operational costs. Since Apollo, human exploration has had very constrained budgets and they are expected be constrained in the future. Due to their high operations costs it becomes necessary to consider retiring established space facilities in order to move on to the next exploration challenge. This practice may save cost in the near term but it does so by sacrificing part of the program s future architecture. Human exploration also has a history of sacrificing fully functional flight hardware to achieve mission objectives. An affordable exploration program cannot be built when it involves billions of dollars of discarded space flight hardware, instead, the program must emphasize preserving its high value space assets and building a suitable permanent infrastructure. Further this infrastructure must reduce operational and logistics cost. The paper examines the importance of achieving a high level of logistics independence by minimizing resource consumption, minimizing the dependency on external logistics, and maximizing the utility of resources available. The approach involves the development and deployment of a core suite of technologies that have minimum initial needs yet are able expand upon initial capability in an incremental bootstrap fashion. The bootstrap approach incrementally creates an infrastructure that grows and becomes self sustaining and eventually begins producing the energy, products and consumable propellants that support human exploration. The bootstrap technologies involve new methods of delivering and manipulating energy and materials. These technologies will exploit the space environment, minimize dependencies, and minimize the need for imported resources. They will provide the widest range of utility in a resource scarce environment and pave the way to an affordable exploration program.

Oeftering, Richard C.

2011-01-01

418

Plastic modes of listening: affordance in constructed sound environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis is concerned with how the ecological approach to perception with the inclusion of listening modes, informs the creation of sound art installation, or more specifically as referred to in this thesis as constructed sound environments. The basis for the thesis has been a practiced based research where the aim and purpose of the written part of this PhD project has been to critically investigate the area of sound art, in order to map various approaches towards participating in and listening to a constructed sound environment. The main areas has been the notion of affordance as coined by James J. Gibson (1986), listening modes as coined by Pierre Schaeffer (1966) and further developed by Michel Chion (1994), aural architects as coined by Blesser and Salter (2007) and the holistic approach towards understanding sound art developed by Brandon LaBelle (2006). The findings within the written part of the thesis, based on a qualitative analysis, have informed the practice that has resulted in artefacts in the form of seven constructed sound environments that also functions as case studies for further analysis. The aim of the practice has been to exemplify the methodology, strategy and progress behind the organisation and construction of sound environments The research concerns point towards the acknowledgment of affordance as the crucial factor in understanding a constructed sound environment. The affordance approach govern the idea that perceiving a sound environment is a top-down process where the autonomic quality of a constructed sound environment is based upon the perception of structures of the sound material and its relationship with speaker placement and surrounding space. This enables a researcher to side step the conflicting poles of musical/abstract and non-musical/realistic classification of sound elements and regard these poles as included, not separated elements in the analysis of a constructed sound environment.

Sjolin, Anders

419

Europe's Housing Squeeze Puts Students in Tight Spots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Affordable housing is an elusive commodity for students in Paris and much of the rest of Europe. Many European universities are in cities where property values have soared in recent years--along with higher-education enrollment figures and the number of students vying for rooms. Few of the universities have dormitories, and students are left…

Labi, Aisha

2008-01-01

420

Housing, Design, and Furnishings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains teacher's materials for a six-unit secondary education vocational home economics course on housing, design, and furnishings. The units cover: (1) the societal aspects of housing (including the relationship between housing and the economy, population trends, and culture-related housing characteristics); (2) family housing

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

421

Maximising the net social benefit of the construction of post-disaster alternative housing projects.  

PubMed

The widespread destruction that follows large-scale natural disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, challenges the efficacy of traditional temporary housing methods in providing adequate solutions to housing needs. Recognising these housing challenges, the Congress of the United States allocated, in 2006, USD 400 million to the Department of Homeland Security to support Alternative Housing Pilot Programs, which are intended to explore the possibilities of providing permanent and affordable housing to displaced families instead of traditional temporary housing. This paper presents a new methodology and optimisation model to identify the optimal configurations of post-shelter housing arrangements to maximise the overall net socioeconomic benefit. The model is capable of quantifying and optimising the impacts of substituting temporary housing with alternative housing on the social and economic welfare of displaced families as well as the required additional costs of doing so. An application example is presented to illustrate the use of the model and its capabilities. PMID:23551231

El-Anwar, Omar

2013-07-01

422

Women's housing conditions in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

This news article describes women's housing conditions, housing policy, and pilot programs to house poor women in Bangladesh. Although Bangladesh has a constitution that reinforces the equal status of women, in practice, men dominate and patrilineal customs determine inheritance and property rights. Religious affiliation also determines land tenure and inheritance. Muslim women can inherit 12.5% of their husband's property if there are children. 25% is inherited if wives are without children. Hindu women without sons can inherit their husband's property, but not parental property. Many families refuse to release property to women without a fight. Women, regardless of ownership of land, rarely control or use their land. The custom of requiring men to maintain wives during the marriage, and daughters until marriage, creates obstacles to women's decision making about property. Without collateral and other security women are unable to secure bank loans. Many women are also constrained by the requirement of male consent or guarantees for bank transactions. Banks do not have a gender responsive criteria for selecting loan recipients. The government does not provide sufficient housing to satisfy the growing housing needs due to population growth. Some housing is available from slum landlords. A National Housing Policy was formulated in 1993. Priority would be given to the housing needs of low income women in urban areas and women-headed households with income below the poverty line. The policy does not address the underlying factors that prevent equal access to housing for women. The government prepared a Human Settlement and Urban Development proposal for the Habitat II conference. The plan did not address gender issues. Special efforts are being made by nongovernmental groups to meet the housing needs of professional women and for some disadvantaged women. PMID:12347277

Shefali, M K

1996-01-01

423

Neighbourhood design and fear of crime: a social-ecological examination of the correlates of residents' fear in new suburban housing developments.  

PubMed

This study explored the relationship between neighbourhood design and residents' fear of crime in new suburban housing developments. Self-report and objective data were collected as part of the RESIDential Environments (RESIDE) Project. A neighbourhood form index based on the planning and land-use characteristics that draw people into public space, facilitate pedestrian movement and ensure the presence of 'territorial guardians' was developed for each participant (n=1059) from objective environmental data. With each additional index attribute, the odds of being fearful reduced (trend test p value=0.001), and this persisted even after progressive adjustment for demographics, victimisation, collective efficacy and perceived problems. The findings support the notion that a more walkable neighbourhood is also a place, where residents feel safer, and provides further evidence endorsing a shift away from low density, curvilinear suburban developments towards more walkable communities with access to shops, parks and transit. PMID:20719555

Foster, Sarah; Giles-Corti, Billie; Knuiman, Matthew

2010-11-01

424

Cold-Climate Case Study for Affordable Zero Energy Homes: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This project, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Program, is a case study in reaching zero energy within the affordable housing sector in cold climates. The design of the 1200 square foot, 3-bedroom Denver zero energy home carefully combines envelope efficiency, efficient equipment, appliances and lighting, and passive and active solar features to reach the zero energy goal. The home was designed using an early version of the BEOpt building optimization software with additional analysis using DOE2. This engineering approach was tempered by regular discussions with Habitat construction staff and volunteers. These discussions weighed the applicability of the optimized solutions to the special needs and economics of a Habitat house--moving the design towards simple, easily maintained mechanical systems and volunteer-friendly construction techniques.

Norton, P.; Christensen, C.

2006-07-01

425

76 FR 81520 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Rural Housing Stability Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No...Collection for Public Comment; Rural Housing Stability Program...Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th...Title of Proposal: Rural Housing Stability...

2011-12-28

426

Richard Oscar Burgess House (The “Crayola” House)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Queen Anne style. A 2 1\\/2 - story house with a slate hip roof, paired gable dormers, corner turret, and stained - glass windows. The Armory Revival Company added a humorous turn to the house in 1984 by leaving the eastern section of this vividly painted house only partially colored and attaching large simulations of Crayons on the wall. This

Chet Smolski

1987-01-01

427

Utilizing Fission Technology to Enable Rapid and Affordable Access to any Point in the Solar System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fission technology can enable rapid, affordable access to any point in the solar system. Potential fission-based transportation options include bimodal nuclear thermal rockets, high specific energy propulsion systems, and pulsed fission propulsion systems. In-space propellant re-supply enhances the effective performance of all systems, but requires significant infrastructure development. Safe, timely, affordable utilization of first-generation space fission propulsion systems will enable the development of more advanced systems. First generation systems can build on over 45 years of US and international space fission system technology development to minimize cost.

Houts, Mike; Bonometti, Joe; Morton, Jeff; Hrbud, Ivana; Bitteker, Leo; VanDyke, Melissa; Godfroy, T.; Pedersen, K.; Dobson, C.; Patton, B.; Martin, J.; Chakrabarti, S.

2000-01-01

428

NASA's Space Launch System: Affordability for Sustainability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Space Launch System (SLS) Program, managed at the Marshall Space Flight Center, is charged with delivering a new capability for human exploration beyond Earth orbit in an austere economic climate. But the SLS value is clear and codified in United States (U.S.) budget law. The SLS Program knows that affordability is the key to sustainability and will provide an overview of initiatives designed to fit within the funding guidelines by using existing engine assets and hardware now in testing to meet a first launch by 2017 within the projected budget. It also has a long-range plan to keep the budget flat, yet evolve the 70-tonne (t) initial lift capability to 130-t lift capability after the first two flights. To achieve the evolved configuration, advanced technologies must offer appropriate return on investment to be selected through the competitive process. For context, the SLS will be larger than the Saturn V that took 12 men on 6 trips for a total of 11 days on the lunar surface some 40 years ago. Astronauts train for long-duration voyages on platforms such as the International Space Station, but have not had transportation to go beyond Earth orbit in modern times, until now. To arrive at the launch vehicle concept, the SLS Program conducted internal engineering and business studies that have been externally validated by industry and reviewed by independent assessment panels. In parallel with SLS concept studies, NASA is now refining its mission manifest, guided by U.S. space policy and the Global Exploration Roadmap, which reflects the mutual goals of a dozen member nations. This mission planning will converge with a flexible heavy-lift rocket that can carry international crews and the air, water, food, and equipment they need for extended trips to asteroids and Mars. In addition, the SLS capability will accommodate very large science instruments and other payloads, using a series of modular fairings and adapters to configure the rocket for the mission. The SLS affordability plan includes streamlining interfaces, applying risk-based insight into contracted work, centralizing systems engineering and integration, and nurturing a learning culture where the question Why? is often asked and the answer "Because we've always done it that way" is rarely heard. The SLS Program will deliver affordable space transportation solutions for the Orion Multi-Purpose Cargo Vehicle s first autonomous certification flight in 2017, followed by a crewed flight in 2021. As this briefing will show, the SLS will offer a global infrastructure asset for robotic and human scouts of all nations.

May, Todd A.; Creech, Stephen D.

2012-01-01

429

Public Housing Smarts: Two Universities Discover a Trove of Opportunity in New Orleans' Public Housing System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tulane University and Xavier University (Louisiana) are both taking an active role in revitalizing the New Orleans public housing authority, the sixth-largest in the country. In partnership with the federal Department of Housing and Urban Development and the city's housing authority, the two institutions are cooperating in a major renovation…

Boulard, Garry

1998-01-01

430

Reference Reactor Module for the Affordable Fission Surface Power System  

SciTech Connect

Surface fission power systems on the Moon and Mars may provide the first US application of fission reactor technology in space since 1965. The requirements of many surface power applications allow the consideration of systems with much less development risk than most other space reactor applications, because of modest power (10s of kWe) and no driving need for minimal mass (allowing temperatures <1000 K). The Affordable Fission Surface Power System (AFSPS) study was completed by NASA/DOE to determine the cost of a modest performance, low-technical risk surface power system. This paper describes the reference AFSPS reactor module concept, which is designed to provide a net power of 40 kWe for 8 years on the lunar surface; note, the system has been designed with technologies that are fully compatible with a Martian surface application. The reactor concept uses stainless-steel based, UO{sub 2}-fueled, liquid metal-cooled fission reactor coupled to free-piston Stirling converters. The reactor shielding approach utilizes both in-situ and launched shielding to keep the dose to astronauts much lower than the natural background radiation on the lunar surface. One of the important 'affordability' attributes is that the concept has been designed to minimize both the technical and programmatic safety risk.

Poston, David I.; Kapernick, Richard J.; Dixon, David D.; Amiri, Benjamin W.; Marcille, Thomas F. [Nuclear Systems Design Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 87545 (United States)

2008-01-21

431

Science House: Countertop Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page features a collection of more than 30 experiments for elementary and secondary science classrooms, all culled from teacher training workshops by The Science House. Each lab introduces a topic in a real-world context: for example, students make ice cream as they experiment with adding solutes to lower the freezing point of a solvent. Topics include conservation of mass, chemical reactions, density, radioactive decay, chromatography, gas properties, and more. The Science House is a project based at North Carolina State University. It sponsors teacher training programs, curriculum development, web-based experiments for use in K-12 classrooms, long-term loans of laboratory equipment, summer student research programs, and community outreach.

2011-04-29

432

2012 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION For the 2012 Summer school session, residence hall housing will be available in Woodlawn  

E-print Network

to the Student Development office no later than Friday, April 20 for housing beginning Term 1. Prices and term2012 SUMMER HOUSING INFORMATION For the 2012 Summer school session, residence hall housing will be available in Woodlawn Hall. The summer residence hall housing contract, along with room and board costs

Bogaerts, Steven

433

Laboratory evaluation of novaluron as a development site treatment for controlling larval horn flies, house flies, and stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae).  

PubMed

A granular formulation of novaluron (Novaluron 0.2G, 0.2% [AI]), a newer benzoylphenyl urea insecticide, was evaluated for its efficacy in controlling the larval stage of horn flies, Haematobia irritans (L.); house flies, Musca domestica L.; and stable flies, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), in cow manure. Various rates and insecticide placement locations (top, middle, and bottom of manure) were evaluated in this study and all combinations of these variables reduced adult emergence of all three species when compared with the untreated controls. The presence of deformed pupae indicated that novaluron had an insect growth regulator effect on the developing fly larvae. Top, middle, or bottom application rates of 0.125, 0.195, 0.25, and 0.375 g novaluron onto manure samples, reduced adult horn fly emergence by > 90%. Middle and bottom application rates of 0.195, 0.25, and 0.375 g novaluron reduced adult house fly emergence >93%. All rates and placement combinations resulted in >98% reduction of adult stable fly emergence. The level of control efficacy observed against these three fly species along with the ease of use of a granular formulation, make this product an ideal candidate for use in an integrated livestock pest management program. PMID:22679873

Lohmeyer, K H; Pound, J M

2012-05-01

434

Blair House: The President's Guest House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Blair House has been the next-door neighbor of the White House in Washington, DC since 1824 and it is the President's official guest house. The house is named after Francis Preston Blair, who served in President Andrew Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet" and he was the consummate political insider during the administrations of Martin Van Buren and Abraham Lincoln. Today, the house also serves as a home for the president-elect in the days before the inauguration. This marvelous website from CSPAN provides visitors with video clips of the house, and it's quite a tour. There are ten short profiles that include views of the principal suite, the drawing room, and the Lincoln Room. The site also has interviews with people who have spent time getting to know the Blair House, including Ambassador Nancy Brinker and Deputy Chief of Protocol Raymond P. Martinez.

435

Enabling Dedicated, Affordable Space Access Through Aggressive Technology Maturation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A recent explosion in nano-sat, small-sat, and university class payloads has been driven by low cost electronics and sensors, wide component availability, as well as low cost, miniature computational capability and open source code. Increasing numbers of these very small spacecraft are being launched as secondary payloads, dramatically decreasing costs, and allowing greater access to operations and experimentation using actual space flight systems. While manifesting as a secondary payload provides inexpensive rides to orbit, these arrangements also have certain limitations. Small, secondary payloads are typically included with very limited payload accommodations, supported on a non interference basis (to the prime payload), and are delivered to orbital conditions driven by the primary launch customer. Integration of propulsion systems or other hazardous capabilities will further complicate secondary launch arrangements, and accommodation requirements. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Marshall Space Flight Center has begun work on the development of small, low cost launch system concepts that could provide dedicated, affordable launch alternatives to small, risk tolerant university type payloads and spacecraft. These efforts include development of small propulsion systems and highly optimized structural efficiency, utilizing modern advanced manufacturing techniques. This paper outlines the plans and accomplishments of these efforts and investigates opportunities for truly revolutionary reductions in launch and operations costs. Both evolution of existing sounding rocket systems to orbital delivery, and the development of clean sheet, optimized small launch systems are addressed. A launch vehicle at the scale and price point which allows developers to take reasonable risks with new propulsion and avionics hardware solutions does not exist today. Establishing this service provides a ride through the proverbial "valley of death" that lies between demonstration in laboratory and flight environments. This effort will provide the framework to mature both on-orbit and earth-to-orbit avionics and propulsion technologies while also providing dedicated, affordable access to LEO for cubesat class payloads.

Jones, Jonathan; Kibbey, Tim; Lampton, Pat; Brown, Thomas

2014-01-01

436

Portland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING  

E-print Network

in compliance with the University Housing Handbook and Student Code of Conduct and in a reasonable mannerPortland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING FAMILY MEMBER CONFIRMATION FORM *UNIVERSITY HOUSING OFFICE *625. DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS (Please bring originals ­ copies will be made at the University Housing Office.) 1

Bertini, Robert L.

437

House siding solar panel  

Microsoft Academic Search

A house siding solar panel for the efficient conversion of solar radiation into usable heat energy, which includes an aesthetically pleasing housing having forwardly beveled side edges so that the panels may be mounted directly to the side of the house much like conventional siding, and present an aesthetically pleasing appearance. The front wall of the housing is a prismatic

Tennings

1984-01-01

438

75 FR 60482 - Proposed Extension of Information Collection Request Submitted for Public Comment; Affordable...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice; Affordable Care Act Patient Protections Notice; Affordable...of the regulations under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care...within the group. The ICR is schedule to expire on December 31...Title: Affordable Care Act Patient Protection Notice. Type...

2010-09-30

439

76 FR 79704 - Annual Indexing of Basic Statutory Mortgage Limits for Multifamily Housing Programs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451...2002) amended the National Housing Act by adding a new Section...percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers...Section 207--Multifamily Housing. Section 207 pursuant...

2011-12-22

440

75 FR 5800 - Annual Indexing of Basic Statutory Mortgage Limits for Multifamily Housing Programs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451...2002) amended the National Housing Act by adding a new Section...percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers...Section 207--Multifamily Housing [squf] Section 207...

2010-02-04

441

77 FR 31375 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB: Rural Housing Stability...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5604-N-05...Proposed Information Collection to OMB: Rural Housing Stability Assistance Program...QDAM, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street...

2012-05-25

442

Self-organization, free energy minimization, and optimal grip on a field of affordances  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we set out to develop a theoretical and conceptual framework for the new field of Radical Embodied Cognitive Neuroscience. This framework should be able to integrate insights from several relevant disciplines: theory on embodied cognition, ecological psychology, phenomenology, dynamical systems theory, and neurodynamics. We suggest that the main task of Radical Embodied Cognitive Neuroscience is to investigate the phenomenon of skilled intentionality from the perspective of the self-organization of the brain-body-environment system, while doing justice to the phenomenology of skilled action. In previous work, we have characterized skilled intentionality as the organism's tendency toward an optimal grip on multiple relevant affordances simultaneously. Affordances are possibilities for action provided by the environment. In the first part of this paper, we introduce the notion of skilled intentionality and the phenomenon of responsiveness to a field of relevant affordances. Second, we use Friston's work on neurodynamics, but embed a very minimal version of his Free Energy Principle in the ecological niche of the animal. Thus amended, this principle is helpful for understanding the embeddedness of neurodynamics within the dynamics of the system “brain-body-landscape of affordances.” Next, we show how we can use this adjusted principle to understand the neurodynamics of selective openness to the environment: interacting action-readiness patterns at multiple timescales contribute to the organism's selective openness to relevant affordances. In the final part of the paper, we emphasize the important role of metastable dynamics in both the brain and the brain-body-environment system for adequate affordance-responsiveness. We exemplify our integrative approach by presenting research on the impact of Deep Brain Stimulation on affordance responsiveness of OCD patients. PMID:25161615

Bruineberg, Jelle; Rietveld, Erik

2014-01-01

443

AU FEBRUARY 2012 Open House: The AU Ph. D.  

E-print Network

AU FEBRUARY 2012 1 OPEN house Open House: The AU Ph. D. House Magazine By Alejandra Zaragoza Scherman Page 2 The AU PhD House Activity Group By Zsuzsanna Sukosd Page 3 The AU PhD House Activity Group By Gitte Haahr-Andersen Page 6 The AU PhD World: Talent Development By Kristian Thorn Page 7/8 The Ph

444

75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

2010-01-26

445

Monoclonal antibodies to recombinant Der p 2, a major house dust mite allergen: specificity, epitope analysis and development of two-site capture ELISA  

PubMed Central

House dust mite allergens have been well established as sensitizing agents that are important in the induction of allergic diseases. In order to analyze epitopes of the allergen and to develop a quantitative method of the allergen exposure, monoclonal antibodies against a recombinant Der p 2 (rDer p 2), one of the major allergens of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, were produced. Four monoclonal antibodies produced were species-specific and did not cross-react to the D. farinae crude extract. Two of the monoclonal antibodies were found to be IgG1 and the others were IgM. For the analysis of epitopes, a Der p 2 cDNA encoding 126 amino acids (aa) was dissected into three fragments with several overlapping peptides, A (aa residues 1-49), B (44-93), and C fragment (84-126). Three monoclonal antibodies showed reactivities to the recombinant B fragment and to the full-length rDer p 2, but one monoclonal antibody reacted only with the full-length rDer p 2. Two-site capture ELISA was developed using two different monoclonal antibodies for quantitating Der p 2 in house dust. The sensitivity limit was 4 ng/ml with rDer p 2 and 8 µg/ml with the D. pteronyssinus crude extract. The result suggested that the assay using monoclonal antibodies against rDer p 2 could be useful for the environmental studies and for the standardization of mite allergen extracts. PMID:10507224

Lee, Sang-Mi; Park, Gab-Man; Lee, In-Yong; Ree, Han-Il; Kim, Kyung-Sup; Oh, Sang-Hwan; Park, Jung-Won; Hong, Chein-Soo

1999-01-01

446

Development, Validation and Clinical Evaluation of a Low Cost In-House HIV-1 Drug Resistance Genotyping Assay for Indian Patients  

PubMed Central

Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) drug resistance genotyping assay is a part of clinical management of HIV-1 positive individuals under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Routine monitoring of drug resistance mutations in resource limited settings like India is not possible due to high cost of commercial drug resistance assays. In this study we developed an in-house, cost effective HIV-1 drug resistance genotyping assay for Indian patients and validated it against the US-FDA-approved ViroSeq HIV-1 drug resistance testing system. A reference panel of 20 clinical samples was used to develop and validate the assay against ViroSeq HIV-1 drug resistance testing system which was subsequently used to genotype a clinical panel of 225 samples. The Stanford HIV database was used to identify drug resistant mutations. The analytical sensitivity of the assay was 1000 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml of plasma sample while precision and reproducibility was 99.68±0.16% and 99.76±0.18% respectively. One hundred and one drug resistant mutations were detected by the in-house assay compared to 104 by ViroSeq system in the reference panel. The assay had 91.55% success rate in genotyping the clinical panel samples and was able to detect drug resistant mutations related to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) as well as protease inhibitor (PI) classes of antiretroviral drugs. It was found to be around 71.9% more cost effective compared to ViroSeq genotyping system. This evaluation of the assay on the clinical panel demonstrates its potential for monitoring clinical HIV-1 drug resistance mutations and population-based surveillance in resource limited settings like India. PMID:25157501

Acharya, Arpan; Vaniawala, Salil; Shah, Parth; Misra, Rabindra Nath; Wani, Minal; Mukhopadhyaya, Pratap N.

2014-01-01

447

Development, validation and clinical evaluation of a low cost in-house HIV-1 drug resistance genotyping assay for Indian patients.  

PubMed

Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) drug resistance genotyping assay is a part of clinical management of HIV-1 positive individuals under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Routine monitoring of drug resistance mutations in resource limited settings like India is not possible due to high cost of commercial drug resistance assays. In this study we developed an in-house, cost effective HIV-1 drug resistance genotyping assay for Indian patients and validated it against the US-FDA-approved ViroSeq HIV-1 drug resistance testing system. A reference panel of 20 clinical samples was used to develop and validate the assay against ViroSeq HIV-1 drug resistance testing system which was subsequently used to genotype a clinical panel of 225 samples. The Stanford HIV database was used to identify drug resistant mutations. The analytical sensitivity of the assay was 1000 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml of plasma sample while precision and reproducibility was 99.68 ± 0.16% and 99.76 ± 0.18% respectively. One hundred and one drug resistant mutations were detected by the in-house assay compared to 104 by ViroSeq system in the reference panel. The assay had 91.55% success rate in genotyping the clinical panel samples and was able to detect drug resistant mutations related to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) as well as protease inhibitor (PI) classes of antiretroviral drugs. It was found to be around 71.9% more cost effective compared to ViroSeq genotyping system. This evaluation of the assay on the clinical panel demonstrates its potential for monitoring clinical HIV-1 drug resistance mutations and population-based surveillance in resource limited settings like India. PMID:25157501

Acharya, Arpan; Vaniawala, Salil; Shah, Parth; Misra, Rabindra Nath; Wani, Minal; Mukhopadhyaya, Pratap N

2014-01-01

448

Binocular vision enhances a rapidly evolving affordance priming effect: behavioural and TMS evidence.  

PubMed

Extensive research has suggested that simply viewing an object can automatically prime compatible actions for object manipulation, known as affordances. Here we explored the generation of covert motor plans afforded by real objects with precision ('pinchable') or whole-hand/power ('graspable') grip significance under different types of vision. In Experiment 1, participants viewed real object primes either monocularly or binocularly and responded to orthogonal auditory stimuli by making precision or power grips. Pinchable primes facilitated congruent precision grip responses relative to incongruent power grips, and vice versa for graspable primes, but only in the binocular vision condition. To examine the temporal evolution of the binocular affordance effect, participants in Experiment 2 always viewed the objects binocularly but made no responses, instead receiving a transcranial magnetic stimulation pulse over their primary motor cortex at three different times (150, 300, 450ms) after prime onset. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) recorded from a pinching muscle were selectively increased when subjects were primed with a pinchable object, whereas MEPs from a muscle associated with power grips were increased when viewing graspable stimuli. This interaction was obtained both 300 and 450ms (but not 150ms) after the visual onset of the prime, characterising for the first time the rapid development of binocular grip-specific affordances predicted by functional accounts of the affordance effect. PMID:24121305

Makris, Stergios; Grant, Simon; Hadar, Aviad A; Yarrow, Kielan

2013-12-01

449

OPIA's Guide to Affordable Housing, Transportation, Food, and Fun in Major Cities for HLS Students  

E-print Network

.washingtoncitypaper.com/class/classifieds.html. The Washington Post Apartment Showcase is a free book that is published a few times a year and is available contains an apartment classifieds section that can be found online at www and tenants seeking roommates. There are several in the Dupont Circle area: a plant store called 3rd Day

Wolfe, Patrick J.

450

75 FR 9033 - 2010-2011 Enterprise Affordable Housing Goals; Enterprise Book-Entry Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...org/CMSA_Resources/Research/Market_Statistics/Market_Statistics/. \\60\\ http://www.fhfa.gov/Default...having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa; (iv) Hispanic or Latino--a person of...

2010-02-26

451

Exploring Cost-Effective, High Performance Residential Retrofits for Affordable Housing in the Hot Humid Climate  

E-print Network

In 2009, a Department of Energy Building America team led by the Florida Solar Energy Center began working with partners to find cost-effective paths for improving the energy performance of existing homes in the hot humid climate. A test-in energy...

McIlvaine, J.; Sutherland, K.; Chandra, S.; Schleith, K.

452

75 FR 29877 - Affordable Housing Program Amendments: Federal Home Loan Bank Mortgage Refinancing Authority  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...flexibility to manage the timing of the counseling required for households, and gives...permit members to determine, prior to counseling, whether a household could qualify...refinancing set-aside program prior to counseling. In all cases, the household...

2010-05-28

453

76 FR 5584 - Valley Affordable Housing Corporation; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...foot-wide intake in place of a 60-foot-long section of the spillway that would be removed; (5) new 10-foot-long, 12-foot-wide...6) a new 30-foot-tall (extending 20 feet above the spillway), 60-foot-wide powerhouse adjacent to the training...

2011-02-01

454

PRE-PRINT: Mavrikis, M., Noss, R., Hoyles, C. and Geraniou, E. (2012), Sowing the seeds of algebraic generalization: designing epistemic affordances for an intelligent microworld. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning.  

E-print Network

of algebraic generalization: designing epistemic affordances for an intelligent microworld. Journal of Computer: designing epistemic affordances for an intelligent microworld M. Mavrikis, R. Noss, C. Hoyles & E. Geraniou to support the development of algebraic ways of thinking. Keywords design, epistemic affordances, intelligent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

455

(Hyper) local News Aggregation: Designing for Social Affordances  

E-print Network

, Design, Human Factors. Keywords Civic engagement, news aggregators, social affordances. 1. INTRODUCTION1 (Hyper) local News Aggregation: Designing for Social Affordances Andrea Kavanaugh1,2 Samah Gad2 combination of diminishing (or extinct) local print media, especially local newspapers, and by its obverse

Ramakrishnan, Naren

456

Affordance Analysis--Matching Learning Tasks with Learning Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a design methodology for matching learning tasks with learning technologies. First a working definition of "affordances" is provided based on the need to describe the action potentials of the technologies (utility). Categories of affordances are then proposed to provide a framework for analysis. Following this, a methodology…

Bower, Matt

2008-01-01

457

Can we afford (not) to care: prospects Susan Himmelweit*  

E-print Network

Can we afford (not) to care: prospects and policy Susan Himmelweit* Faculty of Social Sciences Open not cite without author's permission #12;1 Can we afford (not) to care: prospects and policy Susan.f.himmelweit@open.ac.uk Keywords: Care, paid and unpaid labour, productivity, inequality, social norms JEL classifications: I38; J

de Gispert, Adrià

458

One Hand, Two Objects: Emergence of Affordance in Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies on affordances typically focus on single objects. We investigated whether affordances are modulated by the context, defined by the relation between two objects and a hand. Participants were presented with pictures displaying two manipulable objects linked by a functional (knife-butter), a spatial (knife-coffee mug), or by no relation. They…

Borghi, Anna M.; Flumini, Andrea; Natraj, Nikhilesh; Wheaton, Lewis A.

2012-01-01

459

How Affordable is Transportation? A Context-Sensitive Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transportation affordability refers to the financial burden households bear in purchasing transportation services. Traditional measures, which focus on what share of household disposable income or total budget goes to transportation services, often fail to consider the wide variation in households' transportation needs and locational settings. In this project, we propose a contextualized transportation affordability analysis framework that differentiates population groups

Yingling Fan; Arthur Huang

2011-01-01

460

Dissociating Simon and affordance compatibility effects: Silhouettes and photographs.  

PubMed

When a graspable object's handle is oriented to the same side as the response hand, responses are quicker and more accurate than when it is oriented to the opposite side. This effect has been attributed to the affordance of the object's handle (Tucker & Ellis, 1998). Recent findings suggest this effect results instead from an abstract spatial response code (i.e., Simon effect; Cho & Proctor, 2010). However, the stimuli used in these previous studies differ in the amount of object and environmental depth information they contain, which may be critical to conveying an affordance. This information could explain these disparate findings as well as dissociate Simon and affordance compatibility effects. Four experiments demonstrate that the Simon effect results from the absence of this information, as in a silhouette, and the affordance effect results from its presence, as in a photograph. A fifth experiment confirmed that modifying information associated with the affordance, rather than the modification itself, produced the effects observed in the previous experiments. These findings support the following: (a) the internal details of an object and environmental depth can dissociate Simon and affordance compatibility effects, (b) this information is necessary to convey the object's graspable affordance, and (c) the outer shape of the object is not sufficient to elicit an affordance effect. These findings are discussed in relation to the theory of embodied cognition. PMID:25306434

Pappas, Zissis

2014-12-01

461

Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Health Insurance  

E-print Network

a more timely assessment of the impact of the ACA on health insurance coverage (and account for shiftsImpacts of the Affordable Care Act on Health Insurance Coverage In Oregon Oregon September 2014 #12;2 Impacts of the affordable care act on health Insurance coverage In oregon Executive Summary Between

Chapman, Michael S.

462

Affording Explicit-Reflective Science Teaching by Using an Educative Teachers' Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although researchers have achieved some success in effective nature of science (NOS) teaching, helping teachers teach NOS continues to be a great challenge. The development of an educative teachers' guide would provide support for NOS teaching. In this study, we explored the effects that a research-based guide had on affording elementary school…

Lin, Shu-Fen; Lieu, Sang-Chong; Chen, Sufen; Huang, Mao-Tsai; Chang, Wen-Hua

2012-01-01

463

Affordability, Accessibility, and Accountability: Perceived Impacts of the Pre-Primary Education Vouchers in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hong Kong launched the "Pre-primary Education Voucher Scheme" (PEVS) in 2007 to promote the "3A's" of early childhood education (ECE): affordability, accessibility, and accountability. The PEVS has three unique features: discriminating against profit kindergartens, promoting teacher professional development, and limiting parents' choice to only…

Li, Hui; Wong, Jessie Ming Sin; Wang, X. Christine

2010-01-01

464

Commercial Platforms Allow Affordable Space Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

At an altitude of about 240 miles, its orbital path carries it over 90 percent of the Earth s population. It circles the Earth in continuous free fall; its crew of six and one Robonaut pass the days, experiencing 16 sunrises and 16 sunsets every 24 hours, in microgravity, an environment in which everything from bodily functions to the physical behavior of materials changes drastically from what is common on the ground. Outside its shielded confines, temperatures cycle from one extreme to the other, radiation is rampant, and atomic oxygen corrodes everything it touches. A unique feat of engineering, the International Space Station (ISS) also represents the most remarkable platform for scientific research ever devised. In 2005, anticipating the space station s potential for NASA and non-NASA scientists alike, the NASA Authorization Act designated the US segment of the ISS as a national laboratory, instructing the Agency to "increase the utilization of the ISS by other Federal entities and the private sector." With the ISS set to maintain operations through at least 2020, the station offers an unprecedented long-term access to space conditions, enabling research not previously possible. "There will be new drug discoveries, new pharmaceuticals, a better understanding of how we affect the planet and how we can maintain it," says Marybeth Edeen, the ISS National Laboratory manager, based at Johnson Space Center. The ISS, she says, represents a major example of the government s role in making such advancements possible. "The government is key in that researchers cannot afford to build the kind of infrastructure that the government can provide. But we then have to make that infrastructure available at a reasonable cost." Enter Jeff Manber, who saw in the ISS National Lab an extraordinary opportunity to advance science, education, and business in ways never before seen.

2013-01-01

465

Affordable Space Tourism: SpaceStationSim  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For over 5 years, people have been living and working in space on the International Space Station (ISS), a state-of-the-art laboratory complex orbiting high above the Earth. Offering a large, sustained microgravity environment that cannot be duplicated on Earth, the ISS furthers humankind s knowledge of science and how the body functions for extended periods of time in space all of which will prove vital on long-duration missions to Mars. On-orbit construction of the station began in November 1998, with the launch of the Russian Zarya Control Module, which provided battery power and fuel storage. This module was followed by additional components and supplies over the course of several months. In November 2000, the first ISS Expedition crew moved in. Since then, the ISS has continued to change and evolve. The space station is currently 240 feet wide, measured across the solar arrays, and 171 feet long, from the NASA Destiny Laboratory to the Russian Zvezda Habitation Module. It is 90 feet tall, and it weighs approximately 404,000 pounds. Crews inhabit a living space of about 15,000 cubic feet. To date, 90 scientific investigations have been conducted on the space station. New results from space station research, from basic science to exploration research, are being published each month, and more breakthroughs are likely to come. It is not all work on the space station, though. The orbiting home affords many of the comforts one finds on Earth. There is a weightless "weight room" and even a musical keyboard alongside research facilities. Holidays are observed, and with them, traditional foods such as turkey and cobbler are eaten, with lemonade to wash them down

2006-01-01

466

7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart B of... - Grant Agreement (Public Bodies) for Site Development and/or Site Acquisition for Housing and/or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of Grantor. 3. Make the housing or public facility or services...pay for construction costs of housing or public facilities. This...disposition data including sales price or the method used to determine...Council in establishing wages and prices. Grantee shall report...

2010-01-01

467

7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart B of... - Grant Agreement (Public Bodies) for Site Development and/or Site Acquisition for Housing and/or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of Grantor. 3. Make the housing or public facility or services...pay for construction costs of housing or public facilities. This...disposition data including sales price or the method used to determine...Council in establishing wages and prices. Grantee shall report...

2011-01-01

468

Perceiving the affordance of string tension for power strokes in badminton: expertise allows effective use of all string tensions.  

PubMed

Affordances mean opportunities for action. These affordances are important for sports performance and relevant to the abilities developed by skilled athletes. In racquet sports such as badminton, different players prefer widely different string tension because it is believed to provide opportunities for effective strokes. The current study examined whether badminton players can perceive the affordance of string tension for power strokes and whether the perception of affordance itself changed as a function of skill level. The results showed that string tension constrained the striking performance of both novice and recreational players, but not of expert players. When perceptual capability was assessed, perceptual mode did not affect perception of the optimal string tension. Skilled players successfully perceived the affordance of string tension, but only experts were concerned about saving energy. Our findings demonstrated that perception of the affordance of string tension in badminton was determined by action abilities. Furthermore, experts could adjust the action to maintain a superior level of performance based on the perception of affordance. PMID:23414453

Zhu, Qin

2013-01-01

469

Deformation analysis of rotary combustion engine housings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This analysis of the deformation of rotary combustion engine housings targeted the following objectives: (1) the development and verification of a finite element model of the trochoid housing, (2) the prediction of the stress and deformation fields present within the trochoid housing during operating conditions, and (3) the development of a specialized preprocessor which would shorten the time necessary for mesh generation of a trochoid housing's FEM model from roughly one month to approximately two man hours. Executable finite element models were developed for both the Mazda and the Outboard Marine Corporation trochoid housings. It was also demonstrated that a preprocessor which would hasten the generation of finite element models of a rotary engine was possible to develop. The above objectives are treated in detail in the attached appendices. The first deals with finite element modeling of a Wankel engine center housing, and the second with the development of a preprocessor that generates finite element models of rotary combustion engine center housings. A computer program, designed to generate finite element models of user defined rotary combustion engine center housing geometries, is also included.

Vilmann, Carl

1991-01-01

470

Public Housing in the United States: Using Sustainable Urbanism to Combat Social Exclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States government has taken steps to assure underprivileged citizens housing in the form of public housing through the Department of Housing and Urban Development, as well as various humanitarian programs in the form of homeless shelters. Yet, all housing is not equal. Our freedom to choose where we live and what type of house we live in is

Jasmine L. Edo

2012-01-01

471

Housing and Health: Beyond Disciplinary Confinement  

PubMed Central

There is a need for innovative research on housing and health. In contrast to traditional disciplinary studies, which are sector-based, interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary contributions offer a broader approach. Interdisciplinary approaches highlight the difference between a biomedical model that often adopts a symptom-treatment interpretation of housing and health and a holistic or integrated model that combines biological, cultural, economic, political, psychological and social factors in a new way. This article illustrates the pertinence of interdisciplinary contributions to develop a more holistic understanding of housing density and how it can be interpreted to understand the complex relationship between housing conditions and health status. PMID:16739053

2006-01-01

472

100% petroleum house  

E-print Network

I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

2013-01-01

473

Eco-House Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students in this course explore designs of a future Carleton College student house. This is a multi-year project where students from the social sciences, humanities / arts, and natural sciences explore parts of the design of an actual house.

Environmental Studies Course, Carleton College Professor Gary Wagenbach gwagenba@carleton.edu and Lecturer Richard Strong rstrong@acws.carleton.edu, Compiled by Suzanne Savanick, Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College, ssavanic@carleton.edu

474

Charles A. Hopkins House  

Microsoft Academic Search

French Modern Gothic House\\u000aThe two units appear as different halves of an asymmetrical composition. The simulated structure enframes openings and decorative panels. The house was built for an insurance agent.

Chet Smolski

2011-01-01

475

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

This abbreviated report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project.

J. Dean; O. Van Geet; S. Simkus; M. Eastment

2012-01-01

476

DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF MONITORING METHODS FOR POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN HOUSE DUST AND TRACK-IN SOIL  

EPA Science Inventory

The analytical methods were developed for the determination of PAH and PCBs in the dust and soil based on sonication with hexane and 10% ether/hexane, respectively, and analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). uantitative recoveries of spiked perdeuterated PAH an...

477

Behavioural development in groups of pen?housed pullets in relation to genetic strain, age and food form  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Behavioural development in groups of 8 pullets kept in pens with litter floors, and fed on either mash or pellets, was studied from 0 to 10 weeks in a White Leghorn X broiler (F2) hybrid line (experiment 1) and from 0 to 24 weeks in Hisex, White Leghorn and Brown Leghorn strains (experiment 2). The aim was to identify

C. J. Savory; J. S. Mann

1997-01-01

478

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

This abbreviated report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project.

Dean, J.; Van Geet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

2012-04-01

479

Sustainable construction in Mexican housing markets  

E-print Network

This thesis examines recent developments in Mexico's housing markets as an example of how sustainable construction is being adapted and applied in developing countries. The recognition that the construction, operation, and ...

Jung, Bomee

2007-01-01

480

In-house development of an FPGA-based MCA8K for gamma-ray spectrometer.  

PubMed

The objective of this work is domestic development of electronics instruments. It used for measuring ionization radiation and practical training at Nuclear Research Institute (NRI), Dalat, Vietnam. The aim of this work is to study and develop a novel MCA8k for Gamma-ray spectrometer concerning experimental nuclear physics. An approach for design and construction of the aforementioned instrument is to apply logic integrating techniques via Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) under Max?+?PlusII, Altera. The instrument allows interfacing to PC with self-developed application software. Scientific significance of this work is partly to contribute to opening a research direction in the field of nuclear electronics science for design and construction of radiation measurement instruments with the advanced IC technology in Vietnam. Practical significance of this work is partly to contribute to enhancement of capabilities in developing radiation measurement instruments for experimental research as well as practical training in nuclear physics. The advantages of FPGA: overcoming ballistic deficit, decrement of serial and parallel noise, flexible in programming, control of the system by software without an interfere of hardware. The disadvantages of FPGA: requirement of good knowledge of VHDL and professional tools for development of a expected project. A new electronics module of MCA8k has been achieved. Some main results obtained from the experimental testing are as follows: differential nonlinearity (DNL) of FPGA-MCA8k approximately 1.27%, integral nonlinearity (INL) = 0.607%, time conversion???2.2 ?s, deadtime (DT) is 0.75%. Data Acquisition Program MCANRI written in VC (+ +)6.0, self-executed under Windows XP environment. PMID:25485201

Lanh, Dang; Son, Pham Ngoc; Son, Nguyen An

2014-01-01

481

Insulator for laser housing  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member.

Duncan, David B. (Auburn, CA)

1992-01-01

482

Insulator for laser housing  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member. 3 figs.

Duncan, D.B.

1992-12-29

483

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

...2014-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. 888.113 Section 888.113 Housing and Urban Development... § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents....

2014-04-01

484

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. 888.113 Section 888.113 Housing and Urban Development... § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents....

2013-04-01

485

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. 888.113 Section 888.113 Housing and Urban Development... § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents....

2012-04-01

486

49 CFR 24.402 - Replacement housing payment for 90-day occupants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Urban Development's Public Housing and Section 8 Program Income...location of the person's housing. (c) Downpayment assistance...full amount of the replacement housing payment for downpayment assistance...be applied to the purchase price of the replacement...

2010-10-01

487

49 CFR 24.402 - Replacement housing payment for 90-day occupants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Urban Development's Public Housing and Section 8 Program Income...location of the person's housing. (c) Downpayment assistance...full amount of the replacement housing payment for downpayment assistance...be applied to the purchase price of the replacement...

2011-10-01

488

78 FR 18234 - Demolition or Disposition of Public Housing Projects  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 970 Demolition or Disposition of Public Housing Projects CFR Correction 0 In Title 24 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 700 to 1699,...

2013-03-26

489

7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

2013-01-01

490

7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

2010-01-01

491

7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.  

...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

2014-01-01

492

7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

2011-01-01

493

7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

2012-01-01

494

Are Americans finding affordable coverage in the health insurance marketplaces? Results from the Commonwealth Fund Affordable Care Act Tracking Survey.  

PubMed

By the end of the first open enrollment period for coverage offered through the Affordable Care Act's marketplaces, increasing numbers of people said they found it easy to find a plan they could afford, according to The Commonwealth Fund's Affordable Care Act Tracking Survey, April-June 2014. Adults with low or moderate incomes were more likely to say it was easy to find an affordable plan than were adults with higher incomes. Adults with low or moderate incomes who purchased a plan through the marketplaces this year have similar premium costs and deductibles as adults in the same income ranges with employer-provided coverage. A majority of adults with marketplace coverage gave high ratings to their insurance and were confident in their ability to afford the care they need when sick. PMID:25265646

Rasmussen, Petra W; Collins, Sara R; Doty, Michelle M; Beutel, Sophie

2014-09-01

495

A Pre-White House Conference on Aging: Summary of Developments and Data. A Report of the Special Committee on Aging, United States Senate, Together with Minority and Supplemental Views.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report, recent hearings and reports of the Senate Special Committee on Aging are summarized, and recent developments of direct relevance to the White House Conference on Aging are described. The report contains the following chapters: 1. The key issue: Retirement income; 2. Health: Rising costs and reduced programs; 3. Nursing homes:…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Special Committee on Aging.

496

Quality at a price you can afford  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The transition of thermoacoustics from the laboratory to the commercial sector involves a process that is very different from science. In the laboratory, when an experiment fails to produce the expected result, it is possible to make modifications, followed by further measurements, to isolate the discrepancy. After discussions with nearly 40 different companies over the past 5 years, there is rarely any feedback about why a given company decides not to proceed. In such an open-loop environment, we are left with only speculation regarding this obscure process. This talk will postulate some reasons that have led to our failure, thus far, to team with an early adaptor of the technology. These include their general lack of familiarity with acoustics, difficulties surrounding licensing of existing and future intellectual property controlled by a university, and the drift away from the maintenance of an active in-house research capability in industry [see H. W. Chesbrough, Open Innovation (Harvard, 2003)]. The sequence of events that lead to formation of the ThermoAcoustics Corporation, an investor-funded start-up, will be related, along with the changes that licensure of intellectual property have made to our ability to deal with industry on a business-to-business basis without intervention of university tech-transfer professionals.

Garrett, Steven; Smith, Robert; Poese, Matthew

2005-09-01

497

Residential Learning University Housing  

E-print Network

of the Office of Residential Life & University Housing is to assist and support students in the pursuit of Residential Learning & University Housing exists to support each individual resident student in all areasResidential Learning & University Housing Handbook 2008 - 2009 A Guide for Residential Living

Rusu, Adrian

498

Summer Housing Contract INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

and closing includes the dates university housing is available for students to move in and dates that students charge an administrative fee to any student who resides in university housing prior to or after Summer Housing Contract INTRODUCTION Wesleyan University believes that residential life

Devoto, Stephen H.

499

Family Housing and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the need for a strong family housing program to support a student body composed of many nontraditional students, Texas Woman's University converted a traditional residence hall into a family housing unit with an after-school and summer recreation program. The majority of residents in family housing are single mothers with children who…

Murphy-Chadwick, Nancy; And Others

500

Housing And Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way a cat is housed will have a significant impact on its welfare. The range of housing conditions in which cats may be kept include boarding, breeding and quarantine catteries, shelters, research facilities, veterinary practices and the home. Drawing on ethological principles, the evolutionary history of the cat and studies of cats kept in different conditions, the housing requirements

Irene Rochlitz