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1

African-Native Americans : We Are Still Here  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The William & Anita Newman Library at Baruch College (The City University of New York) has recently added this exhibit to its digital collection. African-Native Americans: We Are Still Here is a photo exhibit that profiles people of joint African American and Native American heritage, with text by Eve Winddancer and photographs by Louis B. Myers.

2

Meetings with Elaine, an African and Native American Woman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, a Caucasian doctoral student of clinical psychology, examined her ongoing interaction with Elaine, an adult woman of African and Native American descent. Incidents of learning during the interaction process are reviewed and qualitative and quantitative assessments are provided to examine the effectiveness of such interactions in a…

O'Donnell, Melanie Merola

2006-01-01

3

Worry Regarding Major Diseases Among Older African-American, Native-American, and Caucasian Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined worry regarding seven major diseases and their correlates in a sample of African-American (n = 57), Native-American (n = 50), and Caucasian (n = 53) women ages 36 to 91 years. African-American and Native-American women were most worried about developing cancer (44% and 50%, respectively) while Caucasian women were most worried about osteoporosis (37%) and cancer (33%).

Sara Wilcox; Barbara E. Ainsworth; Michael J. LaMonte; Katrina D. DuBose

2002-01-01

4

A comparison of juvenile court outcomes for Native Americans, African Americans, and whites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Referrals to a district juvenile court in Iowa were examined for 1980 through 1989 to test an interpretation of Weber's theory of decision making and formal rationality. Logistic regression was employed to examine two hypotheses: 1) Native American youths and African American youths receive more severe outcomes than white youths with similar backgrounds and legal histories, and 2) Native Americans

Michael J. Leiber

1994-01-01

5

Factors that Influence Career Choice among Native American and African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need for research in the area of career choice of minority students in the United States. This descriptive study examined the factors that may influence Native American and African American high school students' career choices. These factors include such variables as parental educational level, family composition, and potential grade…

Bennett-Smith, Keisha K.

2011-01-01

6

The Peoples Multicultural Almanac: America from the 1400s to Present. 365 Days of Contributions by African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, European Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Peoples Multicultural Almanac provides five entries for each day in the school year, September through May, organized for the following ethnic groups: (1) African Americans; (2) Asian Americans; (3) European Americans; (4) Hispanic Americans; and (5) Native Americans. The entries highlight significant social, political, historical, cultural,…

Taylor, Earl J., Jr.; And Others

7

U.S. House approves historic settlement in case involving African American farmers and Native Americans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A small slice of justicehttp://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/28/AR2010112803915.htmlStatement from Agriculture Secretary Vilsack on Final Passage of the Claims Settlement Acthttp://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?contentidonly=true&contentid=2010/12/0627.xmlBlack farmers: justice delayedhttp://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2010/08/black_farmersPostcard from the first annual Black Farmers and Urban Gardeners Conferencehttp://www.grist.org/article/2010-11-30-notes-from-the-first-annual-black-farmers-and-urban-gardeners-coNational Black Farmers Associationhttp://www.blackfarmers.org/After years of wrangling, heated public discussion, and debate, the U.S. House of Representatives approved $4.6 billion to settle discrimination claims filed by African American farmers and Native Americans who had not received land-use royalties. The suit was quite complex, and the initial lawsuit was filed in 1997 by African American farmers who alleged that racial discrimination was a pervasive part of U.S. Department of Agriculture lending programs. In a separate action, a group of 300,000 Native Americans claimed that land royalties were withheld from them in a series of actions dating back to 1887. The approval of these funds had been held up for sometime, and the legislative roadblocks were removed when various lawmakers proposed to alleviate the entire cost of this settlement through spending cuts and generating new revenue elsewhere. Besides providing for different payments to individuals, the settlement will also finance construction of water systems that will serve Native American reservations in New Mexico, Montana, and Arizona.The first link will take readers to a piece from this Tuesday's Business Week about the recent settlement. The second link leads to an editorial from this Monday's Washington Post about the settlement. Moving on, the third link will take users to an official statement from Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack on the passage of the settlement act. The fourth link will take interested parties to a piece from The Economist which provides a bit more background on the suit filed by African American farmers. Visitors interested in another perspective on a related subject will enjoy the fifth link. Here they will find Natasha Bowens' commentary on the first annual Black Farmers and Urban Gardeners Conference in New York City, and it's a witty and insightful read. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the National Black Farmers Association.

Grinnell, Max

2010-12-03

8

Intrafamilial correlates of overweight and obesity in African-American and Native-American grandparents, parents, and children in rural Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objectives were to describe overweight in Native-American and African-American three-generation families and to examine relationships among the individual variables of body mass index (BMI), television hours, and activity levels. Forty-four Native-American and 40 African-American families were recruited from 10 sites through community contacts at health, senior, community, and tribal centers. Ninety percent of parents and grandparents had BMIs above

Diana C. Polley; Maria T. Spicer; Ada P. Knight; Ben L. Hartley

2005-01-01

9

Native Americans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Native Americans are made up of many fascinating groups of people with multiple cultures. We will explore the main cultural areas of these groups. We will describe and compare some of these groups of people such as Eastern Woodlands, Plains, Great Basin, Southwestern, Arctic, Northwest, Incan, Aztec, and Mayan. We will also identify how these people maintain their cultural traditions today. We will explore each of this interesting cultures and take notes as we explore with individualized graphic organizers. Learning about Native Americans Woodland Tribes Great Plains Tribes Great Basin Native Americans Northwest Southwest Aztec, Mayans Inca BRAINTEASER The Inca Trail and Machu Picchu Glossary Links ...

Keller, Mrs.

2009-06-12

10

Estimates of African, European and Native American Ancestry in Afro-Caribbean Men on the Island of Tobago  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: The Tobago Afro-Caribbean population is a valuable resource for studying the genetics of diseases that show significant differences in prevalence between populations of African descent and populations of other ancestries. Empirical confirmation of low European and Native American admixture may help in clarifying the ethnic variation in risk for such diseases. We hypothesize that the degree of European and

Iva Miljkovic-Gacic; Robert E. Ferrell; Alan L. Patrick; Candace M. Kammerer; Clareann H. Bunker

2005-01-01

11

Religion and suicide: Buddhism, Native American and African religions, Atheism, and Agnosticism.  

PubMed

Research has repeatedly demonstrated that religiosity can potentially serve as a protective factor against suicidal behavior. A clear understanding of the influence of religion on suicidality is required to more fully assess for the risk of suicide. The databases PsycINFO and MEDLINE were used to search peer-reviewed journals prior to 2008 focusing on religion and suicide. Articles focusing on suicidality across Buddhism, Native American and African religions, as well as on the relationship among Atheism, Agnosticism, and suicide were utilized for this review. Practice recommendations are offered for conducting accurate assessment of religiosity as it relates to suicidality in these populations. Given the influence of religious beliefs on suicide, it is important to examine each major religious group for its unique conceptualization and position on suicide to accurately identify a client's suicide risk. PMID:19347586

Lizardi, D; Gearing, R E

2009-04-04

12

Native American Spirituality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Followers of the New Age movement and others have been exploiting and commercializing “Native American” spirituality. This exploitation is being fought by many Native people. Native American spirituality may be studied and appreciated, but use of Native American religious forms outside of Native American communities is considered misappropriation and cultural theft. Native spiritualities address the needs of present-day Native communities.

Cynthia A. Snavely

2001-01-01

13

African-American Biography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests sources of information for African American History Month for library media specialists who work with students in grades four through eight. Gale Research's "African-American Reference Library," which includes "African-America Biography,""African-American Chronology," and "African-American Almanac," is reviewed, and a reference activity…

Martin, Ron

1995-01-01

14

Experiencing Native American Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents four experiential excercises based on Native American culture for use in education, communication training, and counseling. These excercises are intended as vehicles for personal growth and aids to learning about Native American culture. (RC)

Darou, Wes G.

1980-01-01

15

Native American Stereotypes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You have been asked to write an opinion paper on the topic of naming sports teams' mascots after Native Americans. Use the following websites to find information to support your opinions. Why Dont Native Americans Like Sports Teams With Indian Mascots? Sports, Mascots, and Native Americans Native American Mascots: Racial Slur or Cherished Tradition To see another perspective on this topic, read the book Who Will Tell My Brother by Marlene Carvell. ...

Bates, Albion M.

2007-03-20

16

African American Newspapers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site offer useful information concerning African American news and culture. African American Newspapers, provides a connection to over 200 listings of African American US newspapers and publications sorted by State. This provides valuable resource links for those looking to delve into African American history and culture.

1996-01-01

17

Native American Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many issues and elements--including ethnic nomenclature, racial attitudes, and the legal and political status of American Indian nations and Indian people--influence Native American identity. (Contains 3 notes.)

Horse, Perry G.

2005-01-01

18

Native American Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health disparities between Native Americans and the general population of the United States are a major health concern. Traditional healing and culturally competent health care offer much promise in raising the health status of Native Americans. Traditional healing, although uniquely practiced by each indigenous culture, is generally a system of medicine based on the inseparability of mind, body, and spirit.

Danielle Carlock

2006-01-01

19

Mental Health: African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... education, employment, and health care. However, strong social, religious, and family connections have helped many African Americans ... church and community to cope. The level of religious commitment among African Americans is high. In one ...

20

Stroke and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... are several risk factors related to stroke. Some of these risk factors are: Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and African Americans Hypertension – See Heart Disease and African Americans High ...

21

Native American Powerpoint Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For this project students will research a Native American group that played an influential role in Alabama history. The students will then create a powerpoint describing the primary aspects of that group's heritage. Directions: 1. Choose any one of the Native American tribes we have been learning about in class. 2. Visit the following sites to learn more about the tribe that you have chosen: 1) Access Geneology 2) Native Languages ...

Albright, Miss

2009-07-09

22

Traditional African American foods and African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional African American foods, also referred to as “soul food,” are often given a blanket label of “poor food choices.” The cultural value of these ethnic foods may be disregarded without sufficient study of their nutrient content. This study showed that of the various foods perceived as traditionally African American by the local sampled population, greens were the most often

Drucilla Byars

1996-01-01

23

Native American Tribal Websites.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists Web sites maintained by 38 different Native American nations that deal with topics ranging from tribal history, news, arts and crafts, tourism, entertainment, and commerce. Represented nations include Apache, Blackfeet, Creek, Iroquois, Mohegan, and Sioux. (CMK)|

Miller, Eric L.

1999-01-01

24

Native American Tribal Websites.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists Web sites maintained by 38 different Native American nations that deal with topics ranging from tribal history, news, arts and crafts, tourism, entertainment, and commerce. Represented nations include Apache, Blackfeet, Creek, Iroquois, Mohegan, and Sioux. (CMK)

Miller, Eric L.

1999-01-01

25

Native American Addiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laurence Armand French has provided a review of the origin of Native American alcohol problems and the historical and contemporary responses to such problems. This essay summarizes and discusses seven key points made by French and expands his discussion of the sources and solutions to Native alcohol problems.

William L. White

2004-01-01

26

African-American Alcoholics  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that two million African-Americans suffer directly and indirectly from alcoholism and its related problems. Yet, because of their cultural background, African-American alcoholics do not readily accept that alcoholism is a disease. This study explores how African-American alcoholics modify the steps and traditions of AA to affiliate with the organization. Data was collected from intensive and semi-structured interviews

Arthur Durant

2005-01-01

27

African-Americans and Alzheimer's  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Living with Diverse Communities > African Americans and Alzheimer's African Americans and Alzheimer's African-Americans may be at a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease. Know the warning signs and be aware. ...

28

Guest Editorial: Where Are the Women of Color? Data on African American, Hispanic, and Native American Faculty in STEM  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In October of 2009, the Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science and Engineer (CEOSE) held a symposium on Women of Color in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; NSF-OAI). The symposium featured data pertaining to Asian, African Amer

Towns, Marcy H.

2010-03-04

29

16 Extraordinary African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection for children tells the stories of 16 African Americans who helped make America what it is today. African Americans can take pride in the heritage of these contributors to society. Biographies are given for the following: (1) Sojourner Truth, preacher and abolitionist; (2) Frederick Douglass, abolitionist; (3) Harriet Tubman,…

Lobb, Nancy

30

Native American Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Native American Case Studies collection includes more than 80 original, research-based teaching cases focusing on contemporary issues in Indian Country. Teaching notes accompany each case. These can be downloaded and used at no cost. Additional website resources include information on teaching with cases and assessment. Guidelines for submitting cases are also available.

College, The E.; College, Northwest I.; College, Salish K.; College, Grays H.

31

Native American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines an 1876 letter from a missionary to Ferdinand V. Hayden in the context of the U.S. government's policy of instituting religious education and training for Native Americans. Provides a photocopy of the letter and outlines class activities designed to help students analyze the document. (DB)|

Mueller, Jean West; Schamel, Wynell Burroughs

1990-01-01

32

Native American Museums: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native Americans have opened some 250 museums and cultural centers in the last twenty years for several reasons: to re-possess their patrimony, memorize their culture and maintain their identity. Their museums are spaces of cultural and educational experience, replacing split families who no longer transmit traditional values orally. They safeguard oral testimonies of the old people (recordings) and the sacred

Gérard Selbach

33

Native American Arts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The video shows a richly varied and vivid impression of the unique historic and esthetic values, images, and traditions that are being rigorously developed by Native Americans in virtually every art form today. It presents a human survey of the modern eff...

1994-01-01

34

Native American Arts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Shows a richly varied and vivid impression of the unique historic and esthetic values, images, and traditions that are being rigorously developed by native americans in virtually every art form today. Presents a human survey of the modern efforts in educa...

1994-01-01

35

Native Americans in Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity will help you learn about some of the early Native American inhabitants of Utah. Look at the following websites and see if you can find some information about one of the following groups of Native Americans in Utah. History of Utah Tribes Goshute Goshute Indians Utah History To Go: Goshute Indians Goshute Indian Reservation Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Navajo People of the Colorado Plateau: Navajo (Dine) History of the Navajo Indians of Utah Navajo Navajo Indians Paiute Paiute Indians of Utah Paiute Native American Desert Peoples: The Paiute People Paiute Indians of Utah Utah History To Go--Piaute Indians Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Shoshone Shoshone History of the Shoshone Indians Shoshoni Lewis and Clark: Native Americans--Shoshone Indians Ute Utah History To Go: Ute Indians People of the Colorado Plateau: The Ute Indians Story of the Ute Tribe Northern Ute Indian History Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes ...

Bates, Albion M.

2006-10-10

36

Native American Health  

MedlinePLUS

... racial or ethnic group has specific health concerns. Differences in the health of groups can result from: Genetics Environmental factors Access to care Cultural factors On this page, you'll find links to health issues that affect Native-Americans.

37

HIV/AIDS among American Indians and Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

... found at http://www.usa.gov CDC Home > HIV/AIDS > Fact Sheets Topics African Americans Basic Information Campaigns ... read documents in PDF format. Download the Reader . HIV/AIDS among American Indians and Alaska Natives View PDF ...

38

Native Americans' Interest in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focus groups arranged by local Native American Master Gardeners on two Minnesota reservations determined community interest in extension-horticulture programs. Topics of interest included food preservation and historical Native-American uses of plants. (SK)|

Meyer, Mary Hockenberry

1999-01-01

39

The Construction, Negotiation, and Transformation of Racial Identity in American Football: A Study of Native and African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traces and compares the histories of Black and American-Indian participation in collegiate and professional football. Discusses athletic participation by minority groups as a challenge to segregation and notions of White superiority; as a challenge to the persistence of racist stereotypes in media coverage; and as a foundation for the…

Gems, Gerald R.

1998-01-01

40

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Native Americans  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND While the efficacy and safety of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been established in several clinical trials, little is known about its outcomes in Native Americans. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS We assessed clinical outcomes associated with CABG in 155 Native Americans using a national database of 18,061 patients from 25 nongovernmental, not-for-profit U.S. health care facilities. Patients were classified into five groups: 1) Native American, 2) white, 3) African American, 4) Hispanic, and 5) Asian. We evaluated for ethnic differences in in-hospital mortality and length of stay, and after adjusting for age, gender, surgical priority, case-mix severity, insurance status, and facility characteristics (volume, location, and teaching status). Overall, we found the adjusted risk for in-hospital death to be higher in Native Americans when compared to whites (odds ratio [OR], 3.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.5 to 9.8), African Americans (OR, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.1 to 9.9), Hispanics (OR, 7.1; 95% CI, 2.5 to 20.3), and Asians (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.1 to 7.0). No significant differences were found in length of stay after adjustment across ethnic groups. CONCLUSIONS The risk of in-hospital death following CABG may be higher in Native Americans than in other ethnic groups. Given the small number of Native Americans in the database (n = 155), however, further research will be needed to confirm these findings.

Nallamothu, Brahmajee K; Saint, Sanjay; Saha, Som; Fendrick, A Mark; Kelley, Keith; Ramsey, Scott D

2001-01-01

41

Diabetic nephropathy in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the number one cause of end-stage renal disease in United States and is highly prevalent in African Americans. We have found that among African Americans in Mississippi diabetic nephropathy appears to affect females more than males, which may be related to increased rates of obesity and diabetes in African American women. Glycemic control and control of

Errol D. Crook

2001-01-01

42

Native American Adolescent Career Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of Social Cognitive Career (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994, 2000), this study examined the associations among career interests, career efficacy expectations, gender, and perceived parent support among Native American and Caucasian middle school adolescents. Consistent with previous research, results indicated that Native American young people had greater interests in Realistic and Conventional occupations, and in occupations

Sherri L. Turner; Richard T. Lapan

2003-01-01

43

Native American Foods and Cookery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Native Americans had a well-developed agriculture long before the arrival of the Europeans. Three staples--corn, beans, and squash--were supplemented with other gathered plants or cultivated crops such as white potatoes, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, and peanuts. Native Americans had no cows, pigs, or domesticated chickens; they depended almost…

Taylor, Tom; Potter, Eloise F.

44

Physical Activity and Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The physical activity behaviors of Native-American populations in the United States and Canada have received little attention in the health literature. The purpose of this review was to unite the literature regarding the physical activity behaviors of Native Americans. A majority of the literature was obtained using online databases. Reference lists were also reviewed to gain further access to the

James D. Coble; Ryan E. Rhodes

2006-01-01

45

Native American Foods and Cookery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Native Americans had a well-developed agriculture long before the arrival of the Europeans. Three staples--corn, beans, and squash--were supplemented with other gathered plants or cultivated crops such as white potatoes, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, and peanuts. Native Americans had no cows, pigs, or domesticated chickens; they depended almost…

Taylor, Tom; Potter, Eloise F.

46

Teaching Early Native American Poetry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests a careful study of the cultural values and poetics of early Native American songs and poetry can help students better understand these speakers and writers as people and artists. Describes a variety of classroom activities that explore such songs and poetry. Notes that the language is symbolic, making early Native American songs and…

Goebel, Bruce A.

2002-01-01

47

Coccidioidomycosis in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Coccidioidomycosis is caused by Coccidioides species, a fungus endemic to the desert regions of the southwestern United States, and is of particular concern for African Americans. We performed a PubMed search of the English-language medical literature on coccidioidomycosis in African Americans and summarized the pertinent literature. Search terms were coccidioidomycosis, Coccidioides, race, ethnicity, African, black, and Negro. The proceedings of the national and international coccidioidomycosis symposia were searched. All relevant articles and their cited references were reviewed; those with epidemiological, immunologic, clinical, and therapeutic data pertaining to coccidioidomycosis in African Americans were included in the review. Numerous studies documented an increased predilection for severe coccidioidal infections, coccidioidomycosis-related hospitalizations, and extrapulmonary dissemination in persons of African descent; however, most of the published studies are variably problematic. The immunologic mechanism for this predilection is unclear. The clinical features and treatment recommendations are summarized. Medical practitioners need to be alert to the possibility of coccidioidomycosis in persons with recent travel to or residence in an area where the disease is endemic.

Ruddy, Barbara E.; Mayer, Anita P.; Ko, Marcia G.; Labonte, Helene R.; Borovansky, Jill A.; Boroff, Erika S.; Blair, Janis E.

2011-01-01

48

African Americans and Glaucoma  

MedlinePLUS

... Over age 40 Extreme nearsightedness Diabetes Hypertension Prolonged steroid use Glaucoma occurs about five times more often in African Americans. Blindness from glaucoma is about six times more common. In ... after age 35. Why is there a difference? The reasons for the ...

49

Vanishing native American dog lineages  

PubMed Central

Background Dogs were an important element in many native American cultures at the time Europeans arrived. Although previous ancient DNA studies revealed the existence of unique native American mitochondrial sequences, these have not been found in modern dogs, mainly purebred, studied so far. Results We identified many previously undescribed mitochondrial control region sequences in 400 dogs from rural and isolated areas as well as street dogs from across the Americas. However, sequences of native American origin proved to be exceedingly rare, and we estimate that the native population contributed only a minor fraction of the gene pool that constitutes the modern population. Conclusions The high number of previously unidentified haplotypes in our sample suggests that a lot of unsampled genetic variation exists in non-breed dogs. Our results also suggest that the arrival of European colonists to the Americas may have led to an extensive replacement of the native American dog population by the dogs of the invaders.

2011-01-01

50

Osteoporosis and African American Women  

MedlinePLUS

... supported by your browser. Home Osteoporosis Multicultural Communities Osteoporosis and African American Women Publication available in: PDF ( ... and Bone Health Peak Bone Mass in Women Osteoporosis and Asian American Women Osteoporosis and Asian American ...

51

Native Americans: A Resource Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication is a comprehensive catalog of materials in the National Agricultural Library's collection about Native Americans. The bibliographic citations represent historical and current literature from the 1862-1986 card catalogs and NAL's electronic...

L. Nauta S. K. Evans

1992-01-01

52

Native Americans as Sports Mascots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the controversy over whether sport teams should use Native American logos, mascots, or native symbols. Suggests that by implementing role-reversal techniques (putting the nonnative people in the same place) uncaring sports fans may recognize the disrespect involved; offers a hypothetical newspaper article that illustrates the…

Muir, Sharon Pray

1999-01-01

53

Alcohol abuse among Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native Americans have experienced substantial problems with alcohol since its introduction to their culture by early European settlers. Epidemiological data indicate that elevated morbidity and mortality attributable to alcohol abuse among this population remain at epidemic levels. Adolescent drinking patterns and family and peer influences on alcohol use are examined. A multifactorial etiology is indicated in the origin of Native

Roland J. Lamarine

1988-01-01

54

Native Americans in Physical Therapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three Native American physical therapists share stories of their careers, including educational background; motivation to enter the field; and experiences as a volunteer in Vietnam and working with the Indian Health Service and various rehabilitation programs. Advice on appropriate preparation in the sciences is offered to Native students…

Westberg, Jane

2003-01-01

55

Kwakiutl Native Americans of the American Northwest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The theme of this unit is "Kwakiutl Native Americans of the American Northwest." The content is based on the third grade text of the Houghton Mifflin Social Studies curriculum entitled "From Sea to Shining Sea," and includes learning experiences in social studies, math, science, language arts, music, drama, art, and physical education. The text's…

Blase, Philip; And Others

56

The Experiences of African Americans and Euro-Americans with Multiple Sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the experiences of 76 Euro-Americans and 24 African Americans who have multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic neurological disease which affects 250,000–350,000 Americans. Although the majority of people with MS are young to middle-aged women of Northern European origin, African Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans also have MS. This qualitative study explores the impact of race

Christine A. Loveland

1999-01-01

57

Native American Healing Practices and Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experiential Native American healing practices course, co-taught by a Native American pastoral counselor and a counselor educator, was offered to graduate counseling students to help them better understand Native American worldviews. A student participant's reflections are included. Students attended Native American ceremonies and learned…

Rybak, Christopher J.; Eastin, Carol Lakota; Robbins, Irma

2004-01-01

58

The Problems with Native American Mascots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lays out the main arguments against the use of Native American mascots, including that mascots represent racist stereotypes of Native Americans; the stereotypes focus on the past and obscure the lives of contemporary Native Americans; mascots misrepresent, distort, and trivialize many aspects of Native American culture; and mascot stereotypes have…

Davis, Laurel R.

2002-01-01

59

Native-American elders. Health care status.  

PubMed

This article reviews current data relevant to the health care status of elderly Native Americans, a population cohort encompassing American Indians and Alaskan Natives/Aleutians. Several topics are addressed, including the history of Native American health policy, heart disease, diabetes mellitus, cancer, oral health, nutrition, long-term care, and the circumstances of urban Native American elders. PMID:7720023

Rousseau, P

1995-02-01

60

Diabetes in American Indians and Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

... and Alaska Natives Diabetes in American Indians and Alaska Natives American Indians/Alaska Natives (from the Office on Women’s Health) This ... of the health conditions common among American Indians/Alaska Natives. American Indian Health: An informational portal to ...

61

Native American Utilization of Sturgeon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, sturgeon of various species were important for Native Americans on both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts and in parts of the interior of North America. Early or first contact period accounts by European, American or Canadian merchants, colonists and soldiers record sturgeon harvests as important elements of the domestic economies of many tribal peoples. Sturgeon provided food in the

TIM E. HOLZKAMM; LEO G. WAISBERG

62

North American Native Plant Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North American Native Plant Society (NANPS) is dedicated "to the study, conservation, cultivation and restoration of native plants." The NANPS website lists plant sources by region, and invites native plant growers to submit a listing for no charge. The site provides information about upcoming events across Canada and the United States; scholarship opportunities; related associations by region; publications; membership; and more. NANPS also maintains a message board, and offers information about a number of native plants including Walking Fern, Bottlebrush Buckeye, Musclewood, Lilies, and Smaller Fringed Gentian. NANPS runs a Seed Exchange for members as well.

2007-08-28

63

North American Native Plant Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North American Native Plant Society (NANPS) is dedicated "to the study, conservation, cultivation and restoration of native plants." The NANPS website lists plant sources by region, and invites native plant growers to submit a listing for no charge. The site provides information about upcoming events across Canada and the United States; scholarship opportunities; related associations by region; publications; membership; and more. NANPS also maintains a message board, and offers information about a number of native plants including Walking Fern, Bottlebrush Buckeye, Musclewood, Lilies, and Smaller Fringed Gentian. NANPS runs a Seed Exchange for members as well.

64

Problems in sampling the Native American and Alaska Native populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selecting a scientific national sample of Native Americans and Alaska Natives is difficult for at least four reasons: (1) they are a small proportion of the total population, (2) they are not so segregated that geographic oversampling can reach most of the population, (3) criteria for deciding who is a member of the Native American and Alaska Native population are

EUGENE P. ERICKSEN

1997-01-01

65

African American Administrators and Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the issues of African American participation in the administrative ranks of the academy. The authors find that African Americans tend to hold positions that are marginal in academic organizations, lacking power and influence, and that not much has changed over recent decades. Forces influencing this condition are explored,…

Wright, Dianne; Taylor, Janice D.; Burrell, Charlotte; Stewart, Gregory

2006-01-01

66

African-Americans and Alcoholism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To better serve people in a counseling relationship, it is useful to understand them not only culturally, but demographically as well. This paper traces historical, religious, demographic aspects and treatment of alcohol abuse in African Americans. Historically, alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence have varied for African Americans. During the…

Sigmon, Scott B.

67

Diabetic nephropathy in African Americans.  

PubMed

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the number one cause of end-stage renal disease in United States and is highly prevalent in African Americans. We have found that among African Americans in Mississippi diabetic nephropathy appears to affect females more than males, which may be related to increased rates of obesity and diabetes in African American women. Glycemic control and control of blood pressure is essential to prolong renal survival and to protect against cardiovascular events. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors reduce cardiovascular mortality in diabetics and are tolerated in advanced renal disease. The impact of glycemic control, appropriate antihypertensives, and the optimal level of blood pressure control in African Americans with advanced DN require further study. This article reviews the impact, clinical characteristics, risk factors, and treatment of diabetic nephropathy in African Americans. PMID:11411748

Crook, E D

2001-06-01

68

The Native American healing experience.  

PubMed

Recovery from addiction to alcohol and other drugs is taking place with the assistance of culture-specific methods in American Indian and Alaska Native communities in North America. These communities utilize many of the recovery approaches that make up today's best practices, but they also use their own cultural and ethnic strengths as an important part of their addictions recovery. The Wellbriety Movement among Native people is one such expression of culture-specific healing for North Americans having the heritage of indigenous peoples. The rallying call, "Our culture is prevention," expresses an approach unique in addictions recovery processes anywhere. PMID:19016172

Coyhis, Don; Simonelli, Richard

2008-01-01

69

THE REALIZATION OF NATIVE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY: NON-WESTERN PHILOSOPHY AS A COLONIAL INVENTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

'Chinese philosophy,' 'Indian philosophy,' 'African philosophy,' 'Native American philosophy' - any investigation of non-Western philosophy initiated within Western philosophy must be (can only be) a cross-cultural comparison. 'Philosophy' is an English word (or some related European derivative of the Greek) to which non-Western culture is compared - are certain portions of Chinese, Indian, African, Native American thought sufficiently similar to

H. Gene Blocker

70

Metabolic characteristics of African descendants: a comparative study of African-Americans and Ghanaian immigrants using minimal model analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  We have previously demonstrated that glucose-tolerant American blacks manifest significantly higher insulin concentrations and a lower insulin sensitivity than native African blacks who reside in their respective countries. It is, however, unknown whether the serum glucose, beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity are different in native Africans and African-Americans who reside in the same environments. We have studied 68 healthy American

K. Osei; D. P. Schuster

1995-01-01

71

Contemporary Native American Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A compilation of 58 representative speeches from the American Indian Community, this book is divided into 2 parts; Part I deals with issues of contemporary concern and Part II illustrates speech types and styles. All speeches are classified by issue as follows: sovereignty (2 speeches, 1 on the rise and fall of Indian sovereignty); trust…

Maestas, John R., Ed.

72

Native American Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents building traditions of the major Indian tribes in nine regions of the North American continent, from the huge, plankhouse villages of the Northwest Coast, to the moundbuilder towns and temples of the Southeast, to the Navajo hogans and adobe pueblos of the Southwest. Indian buildings are a central element of Indian culture, the…

Nabokov, Peter; Easton, Robert

73

African-American Male Stereotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

As evidenced by the last presidential campaign, the African-American male continues to be the subject of extensive stereotyping. Such stereotypes are pervasive. Reinforced by media images, the stereotypes of the African-American male as a sex crazed beast with a penchant for violence aimed at the European-American community is an obstacle to social work in a multicultural society. Individual practitioners may

Ronald E. Hall

1992-01-01

74

Native Americans and Alcoholism Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse counselors recognize the diversity of their clients and the fact that specific people have distinct needs and vulnerabilities. Native Americans suffering from alcoholism reflect this reality. Here, the work and perspectives of Handsome Lake, a 19th century spiritual leader of the Iroquois Nation who overcame seemingly incurable alcoholism, are used to show how reaffirming a cultural heritage and

Alf H. Walle

2004-01-01

75

Rethinking Native American Language Revitalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As many linguists continue to work with and analyze First Nations/Native American languages, the consensus opinion usually direly predicts the loss of daily use for almost all of the extant Indigenous languages. Tremendous efforts are being expended for renewing, revitalizing, and restoring these languages to everyday use. The model upon which…

White, Frederick

2006-01-01

76

Rethinking Native American Language Revitalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As many linguists continue to work with and analyze First Nations/Native American languages, the consensus opinion usually direly predicts the loss of daily use for almost all of the extant Indigenous languages. Tremendous efforts are being expended for renewing, revitalizing, and restoring these languages to everyday use. The model upon which…

White, Frederick

2006-01-01

77

Resiliency and Native American Teenagers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term resiliency is used to describe the "human capacity and ability to face, overcome, be strengthened by, and even be transformed by experiences of adversity." Native American culture provides a framework for fostering resiliency. The Lakota Sioux society identifies four core needs that foster resiliency and motivate individuals to reach…

Feinstein, Sheryl; Driving-Hawk, Christopher; Baartman, Jyl

2009-01-01

78

North American Native Fishes Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North American Native Fishes Association (NANFA) works "to increase and disseminate knowledge about North America's native fishes and their habitats among aquarium hobbyists, biologists, fish and wildlife officials, anglers, educators, students, and others, through publications, electronic media, regional and national meetings, and other means." The NANFA website features a Checklist of Freshwater Fishes Native to North America and a Fish in Focus section with beautiful images and brief descriptions of such fish as the Hogchoker (Trinectes maculatus), Central Stoneroller (Campostoma anomalum), and Southern Redbelly Dace (Phoxinus erythrogaster). The site also contains information about an award program for breeders, grant programs, annual meetings, membership, and the NANFA quarterly magazine, _American Currents_. NANFA offers a solid collection of related links, and an electronic mailing list as well. The website is under construction and promises future sections relating to natural history, captive care, conservation, and collecting.

79

NABS Program: (Native Americans in Biological Science).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the four-week summer program of the Native Americans in Biological Sciences Program that engages Native American eighth- and ninth-grade students in studying the problems related to the waste water treatment plant in Cushing, Oklahoma. (MDH)

Gettys, Nancy, Comp.

1994-01-01

80

Use of Native American Healers Among Native American Patients in an Urban Native American Health Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

o gain an understanding of the prevalence, utilization patterns, and practice implications of the use of Native American healers together with the use of physicians, we conducted semistructured interviews at an urban Indian Health Service clinic in Milwaukee, Wisc, of a convenience sample of 150 patients at least 18 years old. The mean age of patients was 40 years, and

Anne M. Marbella; Mickey C. Harris; Sabina Diehr; Gerald Ignace; Georgianna Ignace

1998-01-01

81

10 CFR 440.11 - Native Americans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Native Americans. 440.11 Section 440...LOW-INCOME PERSONS § 440.11 Native Americans. (a) Notwithstanding...population of all low-income Native Americans for whom a determination...

2013-01-01

82

Cancer and American Indians/Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

... Topics > Cancer > Cancer Data/Statistics Cancer and American Indians/Alaska Natives American Indian/Alaska Native men and women generally have lower ... certain types of cancer. From 2006-2010, American Indian/Alaska Native men were twice as likely to ...

83

Characterizing the learning styles and testing the science-related attitudes of African American middle school students: Implications for the underrepresentation of African Americans in the sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and women are underrepresented among the population of scientists and science teachers in the United States. Specifically, the shortage of African Americans teaching math and science at all levels of the educational process and going into the many science-related fields is manifested throughout the entire educational and career structure of our society. This shortage exists

Donald Ray Perine

2003-01-01

84

Vitamin D and African Americans  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Vitamin D insufficiency is more prevalent among African Americans than other Americans and, in North America, most young, healthy blacks do not achieve optimal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations at any time of the year. This is primarily due to the fact that pigmentation reduces vitamin D...

85

MissingNative American Governance in American Public Administration Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native American tribes have a unique status in American law, and Native organizations increasingly assert their rights in a variety of areas from adoption to fishing to gambling. State, local, and federal officials must work with these groups to resolve the conflicts that inevitably arise. Yet the public administration literature almost completely ignores the topic of Native American governance. This

Steven E. Aufrecht

1999-01-01

86

Native Americans and Wage Labor: Ethnohistorical Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book reconsiders a largely ignored fact of North American Indian economic life--the place of wage labor in the culture and history of Native Americans. Case studies examine social networks of Native agricultural laborers, the decline of Native communities from self-sufficient producers to lower-class wage laborers, vocational education in…

Littlefield, Alice, Ed.; Knack, Martha C., Ed.

87

Native American Children in Michigan. [Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Native American Children in Michigan," provides a historical context for the tenuous relationship between Michigan's 12 federally recognized tribes and the state government, paying particular attention to the erosion of Native American education programs and the disproportionate number of Native children who find themselves in both the child…

W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2012

2012-01-01

88

Native Americans and Wage Labor: Ethnohistorical Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reconsiders a largely ignored fact of North American Indian economic life--the place of wage labor in the culture and history of Native Americans. Case studies examine social networks of Native agricultural laborers, the decline of Native communities from self-sufficient producers to lower-class wage laborers, vocational education in…

Littlefield, Alice, Ed.; Knack, Martha C., Ed.

89

The State of Native American Youth Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This survey on the health status of Native American adolescents living on or near reservations was completed by 14,000 American Indian and Alaska Native youths from 50 tribes attending 200 schools in 12 states. Results indicate that most Native teenagers felt their family cared about them a great deal, and many would go to a family member first…

Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Div. of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health.

90

Reconstructing Native American population history.  

PubMed

The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred by means of a single migration or multiple streams of migration from Siberia. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly understood. To address these questions at a higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups genotyped at 364,470 single nucleotide polymorphisms. Here we show that Native Americans descend from at least three streams of Asian gene flow. Most descend entirely from a single ancestral population that we call 'First American'. However, speakers of Eskimo-Aleut languages from the Arctic inherit almost half their ancestry from a second stream of Asian gene flow, and the Na-Dene-speaking Chipewyan from Canada inherit roughly one-tenth of their ancestry from a third stream. We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. A major exception is in Chibchan speakers on both sides of the Panama isthmus, who have ancestry from both North and South America. PMID:22801491

Reich, David; Patterson, Nick; Campbell, Desmond; Tandon, Arti; Mazieres, Stéphane; Ray, Nicolas; Parra, Maria V; Rojas, Winston; Duque, Constanza; Mesa, Natalia; García, Luis F; Triana, Omar; Blair, Silvia; Maestre, Amanda; Dib, Juan C; Bravi, Claudio M; Bailliet, Graciela; Corach, Daniel; Hünemeier, Tábita; Bortolini, Maria Cátira; Salzano, Francisco M; Petzl-Erler, María Luiza; Acuña-Alonzo, Victor; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Tusié-Luna, Teresa; Riba, Laura; Rodríguez-Cruz, Maricela; Lopez-Alarcón, Mardia; Coral-Vazquez, Ramón; Canto-Cetina, Thelma; Silva-Zolezzi, Irma; Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos; Contreras, Alejandra V; Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo; Gómez-Vázquez, Maria José; Molina, Julio; Carracedo, Angel; Salas, Antonio; Gallo, Carla; Poletti, Giovanni; Witonsky, David B; Alkorta-Aranburu, Gorka; Sukernik, Rem I; Osipova, Ludmila; Fedorova, Sardana A; Vasquez, René; Villena, Mercedes; Moreau, Claudia; Barrantes, Ramiro; Pauls, David; Excoffier, Laurent; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rothhammer, Francisco; Dugoujon, Jean-Michel; Larrouy, Georges; Klitz, William; Labuda, Damian; Kidd, Judith; Kidd, Kenneth; Di Rienzo, Anna; Freimer, Nelson B; Price, Alkes L; Ruiz-Linares, Andrés

2012-08-16

91

Trypanosomiasis: African and American  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human African trypanosomiasis has increased in many endemic areas in recent years. It is caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense or T. b. rhodesiense, and is transmitted by the tsetse fly. Diagnosis is difficult, particularly in the West African type, in which organisms are scanty. Determination of the stage of infection (early haemolymphatic stage or late meningoencephalitic stage) is also problematic,

Sanjeev Krishna; August Stich

2005-01-01

92

Contrasting American and Native American Views of Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper constructs opposing views of leadership between what can be understood as mainstream American perspectives and those of selected Native Americans. American leadership values were deduced by examining selected aspects of the National Association of Secondary School Principals Assessment Center; selected Native American leadership values…

Bryant, Miles T.

93

Native Americans: A Seven Day Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed for sixth-grade students, this curriculum incorporates Native American issues into such areas as art, social studies, language arts, and literature. Specifically, the curriculum examines the oppression of Native Americans in American society. The curriculum takes 7 days to complete, with the final assignment requiring an additional 1 or…

Archer, Melissa L. Johns

94

Learning Styles of Native Americans and Asians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews the literature on learning styles of Native Americans and Asian-Americans. Four different operational definitions of "learning style" or "cognitive style" are presented, related terms are examined, and inconsistencies of usage in the literature are discussed. Noting the great diversity among Native American cultures, aspects of…

More, Arthur J.

95

Support for Native Americans with Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report addresses the high incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effects (FAE) among Native Americans and suggests that there is a lack of comprehensive effort to provide outreach services to the Native American population in Illinois. The report begins with an overview of American Indian history and the migration of…

Goodman, Wylie; Rife, Christine

96

Native Americans: A Seven Day Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for sixth-grade students, this curriculum incorporates Native American issues into such areas as art, social studies, language arts, and literature. Specifically, the curriculum examines the oppression of Native Americans in American society. The curriculum takes 7 days to complete, with the final assignment requiring an additional 1 or…

Archer, Melissa L. Johns

97

Technical Consulting: The African-American Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The qualitative research study explored the organizational characteristics necessary in addressing the low concentration of African American technical consultants employed in the information technology industry. Using research participants' professional experience, participants responded to a developed questionnaire. African American technical…

Whitfield, Tracy N.

2010-01-01

98

Providing Services to African American Prostituted Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the history and dynamics of African\\/African American women in prostitution beginning with the arrival of the African woman to America, her life and the obstacles she faced living in America. We discuss treatment philosophy and services offered by Breaking Free, a Minneapolis organization offering services to African American prostituted women.

Vednita Carter

2004-01-01

99

African American Males. A Critical Link in the African American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans are experiencing extreme stress in the United States, and African-American males appear to suffer the most. The chapters in this volume examine some of the issues confronting African-American men today. They include: (1) "Introduction" (Dionne J. Jones); (2) "Reaffirming Young African American Males: Mentoring and Community…

Jones, Dionne J., Ed.

100

Genetic Research and Native American Cultural Issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cultural issues relevant to genetic education and research arc the focus of a new and innovative curriculum being developed for Native American college students and health professionals. Genetic Education for Native Americans (GENA) is funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health. The goal of the GENA project is to provide a balance of scientific and cultural information about genetic research, genetic testing, and careers in genetics for Native American students. This article describes issues related to the implementation of GENA and provides an example of an innovative approach to teaching about genetic research among Native American populations.

Romero, Francine; Bemis, Lynne T.; Burhansstipanov, Linda; Dignan, Mark

101

Engaging African American Males for Educational Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is some research addressing gifted African American children who attend K-12 schools, few studies address high-achieving and gifted African American male college students. Moreover, the vast majority of research highlighting the schooling of African American students focuses on their negative educational outcomes instead of their…

Hughes, Robin L.

2010-01-01

102

Health Concerns for African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American youth today face many challenges that can result in poor decisions and lead to high risk behavior. This nation has experienced a decrease in the number of teen pregnancies, but among African American youth the rates are still too high. African American youth also struggle with alcohol and drug addiction and limited access to health care. In short,

Stanley F. Battle

2002-01-01

103

Who Will Teach African American Youth?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disparities between Whites and African Americans exist in many areas in U.S. society. These disparities are exacerbated by social ills, including the Persian Gulf conflict. Positive change on the part of African American educators is required to combat these problems. The following four postulates for teaching African American youth are provided:…

Gill, Wali

104

Correlates of Wellbeing Among African American Lesbians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is a growing body of knowledge about health among African American women in general, there is a dearth of information on African American lesbians. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the correlates of health-related quality of life among African American lesbians using a cross-sectional anonymous survey with topics and measures developed by members of the

Suzanne L. Dibble; Michele J. Eliason; Brenda Crawford

2012-01-01

105

Freedom Road: Adult Education of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains six chapters by various authors about the history of African Americans' contributions and participation in adult education. The book reports on how some African American leaders saw the connection between education and the eventual freedom or uplift of the African American people. Following a foreword (Phyllis M. Cunningham)…

Peterson, Elizabeth A., Ed.

106

Cultural Knowledge in African American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fifty-eight African American children (grades 4-6) responded to the Test of Core Knowledge, a divergent task that required free associations about mainstream and African American topics. Participants' knowledge of both mainstream and African American cultural items increased significantly between grades 4 and 5. (Contains references.) (CR)|

Bradford, Angela C.; Harris, Joyce L.

2003-01-01

107

Mitochondrial DNA Analysis Reveals Substantial Native American Ancestry in Puerto Rico  

Microsoft Academic Search

To estimate the maternal contribution of Native Americans to the human gene pool of Puerto Ricans—a population of mixed African, European, and Amerindian ancestry—the mtDNAs of two sample sets were screened for restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) defining the four major Native American haplogroups. The sample set collected from people who claimed to have a maternal ancestor with Native American

J. C. Martínez-Cruzado; G. Toro-Labrador; V. Ho-Fung; M. A. Estévez-Montero; A. Lobaina-Manzanet; D. A. Padovani-Claudio; H. Sánchez-Cruz; P. Ortiz-Bermúdez; A. Sánchez-Crespo

2011-01-01

108

Training African-American residents in the 20th century.  

PubMed Central

Bellevue Hospital, the oldest public hospital in the United States and a lineal descendant of an infirmary for slaves, accepted its first African-American resident, Dr. Ubert Conrad Vincent, in 1918. This occurred at a time when many medical centers were not accepting African-American residents. At the end of WWII, one-third of the accredited medical schools still barred African Americans. However, Bellevue Hospital continued to train African-American residents. Between the 1920s and 1940s four African Americans matriculated at Bellevue Hospital. There were six in the 1950s, four in the 1960s, and 25 in the 1970s. By the 1980s, 40 African Americans matriculated, and between 1990 and 1995, 61 matriculated. Despite its historic first, Bellevue lagged slightly behind the national average. While the number of African-American residents occupying U.S. residency slots increased from 2.8% in 1978 to 6.5% in 1996, African Americans comprised 3.6% of residency slots at Bellevue between 1985-1995. Currently, only 7% of practicing physicians and 5% in faculty positions are latino, African-American, and Native American. Increasing the number of under-represented minority (URM) physicians is important to the United States, as URM physicians are more likely to serve the poor and uninsured, therefore improving the overall healthcare of the underprivileged. A study by the Association of American Medical Colleges indicated that minority medical school graduates were five times more likely to report that they planned to serve minority populations than other graduates. In their position paper, the American College of Physicians expressed the belief that increasing the number of URM physicians will help reduce healthcare disparities that can hurt minority populations and lead to poor health outcomes. The Supreme Court acknowledged the importance of racial diversity by upholding the University of Michigan affirmative action admissions policy in its June 2003 ruling. URM physicians are needed not only to serve minority populations but also to serve as mentors and role models for prospective and current students. The first African-American resident to graduate from the Bellevue Residency Program did indeed treat the underserved, as Dr. Vincent founded the Vincent Sanatorium, dedicated to treating African-American patients, and training African-American nurses and doctors. Over the course of the 20th century, Bellevue Hospital has trained increasing numbers of African-American physicians. It is hoped that, like their predecessor, Dr. Vincent, they will provide care to underserved communities and to the community as a whole, as well as serve as role models for generations to come.

Green-McKenzie, Judith

2004-01-01

109

African American Female Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the responses of ninety-eight female respondents to a survey on job satisfaction of librarians of African descent employed in seventy-nine Association of Research Libraries (ARL) academic libraries in relation to other gender studies on job satisfaction of librarians. Dependent variables are race, age, years of experience and years at present institution. This article also provides information about

Joyce K. Thornton

2001-01-01

110

Native American History in a Box: A New Approach to Teaching Native American Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Native American History in a Box curriculum which is designed to introduce elementary and middle-level students to Native American cultures. The curriculum consists of a five day unit addressing the following concepts pertaining to Native American Nations: settlements, tools, sustenance, pottery, and contact with…

Helms, Emory C.; Hitt, Austin M.; Schipper, Jason A.; Jones, Adam M.

2010-01-01

111

Native American History in a Box: A New Approach to Teaching Native American Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the Native American History in a Box curriculum which is designed to introduce elementary and middle-level students to Native American cultures. The curriculum consists of a five day unit addressing the following concepts pertaining to Native American Nations: settlements, tools, sustenance, pottery, and contact with…

Helms, Emory C.; Hitt, Austin M.; Schipper, Jason A.; Jones, Adam M.

2010-01-01

112

Native American History in a Box: A New Approach to Teaching Native American Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the Native American History in a Box curriculum which is designed to introduce elementary and middle-level students to Native American cultures. The curriculum consists of a five day unit addressing the following concepts pertaining to Native American Nations: settlements, tools, sustenance, pottery, and contact with Europeans. In addition, the development of the curriculum, the daily lessons, and

Emory C. Helms; Austin M. Hitt; Jason A. Schipper; Adam M. Jones

2010-01-01

113

African American Men in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is a much-needed resource that includes examples of real-world programs and activities to enhance academic success in the college environment for African American men. The examples are collected from a variety of institutions across the country. With contributions from leading practitioners and scholars in the field, this book explores…

Cuyjet, Michael J., Ed.

2006-01-01

114

Classic African American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to assert that there are classic African American children's books and to identify a sampling of them. The author presents multiple definitions of the term classic based on the responses of children's literature experts and relevant scholarship. Next, the manner in which data were collected and analyzed in regard to…

McNair, Jonda C.

2010-01-01

115

Mental Health and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

Poverty level affects mental health status. African Americans living below the poverty level, as compared to those over twice the poverty level, are 3 ... compared to 120% of Non-Hispanic Whites. 1 MENTAL HEALTH STATUS: Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years ...

116

African Americans and multicultural interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a Multicultural Communication Process Model for increasing multicultural competence. Incorporating social work values and practice theory, research findings, and principles of communication theory, the model defines a specific process for intervention with and by African Americans. The process is twofold. First, the practitioner uses the components of the model to guide his own individualized study and growth

Joyce O. Beckett; Leavelle Cox; Alfrieda Daly

1997-01-01

117

Alcoholism among Native Americans: An Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses alcoholism from a psychocultural perspective, examining social policies that have contributed to the marginality of Native Americans and to the stereotype of the "drunken Indian." As Native Americans have been forced to modify their tribal ways, more members are pushed into the fringes of their traditional culture. (Author/BEF)|

French, Laurence A.; Hornbuckle, Jim

1980-01-01

118

Research in Native American Mathematics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses past research involving Piagetian conservation concepts in Native American students; the relation of language to mathematics education; holism in mathematics learning; mathematics and culture; the Outdoor World Science and Mathematics Project, which developed learning modules involving Native Americans; and mentorship in an atmosphere…

Moore, Charles G.

1994-01-01

119

In Search of Native American Aesthetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Native American Church meeting is one contemporary inter-tribal form of the ancient peyote spiritual tradition, represented throughout much of North America. With its deeply integrated elements of artistic expression, the cultural context of the peyote ceremony affords an approach to the major issues of Native American aesthetics. Is some…

Meyer, Leroy N.

2001-01-01

120

Native American Recipes for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of recipes is intended to assist teachers in using food in the classroom to enhance the study of Native American people. Several concepts are identified to guide teachers in developing instructional units centering around food as a means of understanding the Native American culture: (1) the impact of physical environment and…

Harvey, Karen D., Comp.

121

Native American Biographies. Multicultural Biographies Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book, appropriate for secondary students, includes brief biographies of 21 Native Americans of the 20th century. The biographies focus on childhood experiences, cultural heritage, and career goals. The book is divided into four units that feature Native Americans with successful careers in the fields of literature and drama; fine arts and…

Seeley, Virginia, Ed.; And Others

122

Native American Justice Issues in North Dakota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to assess the quality of justice available to Native Americans in Burleigh County, North Dakota, investigations were conducted from June 1976 through April 1978 with an informal fact finding meeting as well as interviews with approximately 85 persons in Burleigh County and throughout the state. The 1970 census lists Native Americans

South Dakota State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

123

Genetic Research and Native American Cultural Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural issues relevant to genetic education and research arc the focus of a new and innovative curriculum being developed for Native American college students and health professionals. Genetic Education for Native Americans (GENA) is funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health. The goal of the GENA project is to provide a balance of

Francine Romero; Lynne T. Bemis; Linda Burhansstipanov; Mark Dignan

2001-01-01

124

Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High school and college teachers interested in offering units or courses on Native American literature have often had to carve out new teaching strategies because ready resources and guides are scarce. In "Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide," Bruce A. Goebel offers innovative and practical suggestions about how to introduce…

Goebel, Bruce A.

2004-01-01

125

African Americans and Smoking  

MedlinePLUS

... for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey Raw Data, 2008. Analysis by the American Lung Association, Research and Program Services Division using SPSS software. 4. Ibid. 5. Hebert, JR. Invited Commentary: ...

126

Our Native Ways: The Voices of Native American Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To celebrate the "Decade of the Indigenous Peoples," this issue of a nonprofit children's magazine includes art and writings by Native American youth who share their ways of looking at and living life. Emphasizes the distinct customs, traditions, languages, and folklore of the different Native Nations and Tribes. (LZ)

Toke, Arun Narayan, Ed.; And Others

1994-01-01

127

Suicide: the scourge of Native American people.  

PubMed

Reportedly, Native Americans have a rate of suicide that is greater than any other ethnic group in the United States, especially in the age range of 15-24. Many who are concerned as to why this is the case offer a variety of theories. Most of the theories have yet to be tested. This particular presentation focuses on the traditional tribal structure of most Native Americans and events of history that have impacted the cultures of Native American Tribes. The particular events covered refer to Western education, various religions, and legislation as playing a most significant role in impacting the cultures of Native Americans. With the hope that we can all work together to diminish the scourge of Native American people, I repeat the words of Chief Seattle, "... be just and deal kindly with my people." PMID:9112724

EchoHawk, M

1997-01-01

128

Characterizing the admixed African ancestry of African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Accurate, high-throughput genotyping allows the fine characterization of genetic ancestry. Here we applied recently developed statistical and computational techniques to the question of African ancestry in African Americans by using data on more than 450,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) genotyped in 94 Africans of diverse geographic origins included in the HGDP, as well as 136 African Americans and 38 European

Fouad Zakharia; Analabha Basu; Devin Absher; Themistocles L Assimes; Alan S Go; Mark A Hlatky; Carlos Iribarren; Joshua W Knowles; Jun Li; Balasubramanian Narasimhan; Steven Sidney; Audrey Southwick; Richard M Myers; Thomas Quertermous; Neil Risch; Hua Tang

2009-01-01

129

Use of Native American healers among Native American patients in an urban Native American health center.  

PubMed

To gain an understanding of the prevalence, utilization patterns, and practice implications of the use of Native American healers together with the use of physicians, we conducted semistructured interviews at an urban Indian Health Service clinic in Milwaukee, Wisc, of a convenience sample of 150 patients at least 18 years old. The mean age of patients was 40 years, and the sex distribution was 68.7% women and 31.3% men. Thirty tribal affiliations were represented, the largest groups being Ojibwa (20.7%), Oneida (20.0%), Chippewa (11.3%), and Menominee (8.0%). We measured the number of patients seeing healers and gathered information on the types of healers, the ceremonies used for healing, the reasons for seeing healers, and whether patients discuss with their physicians their use of healers. We found that 38.0% of the patients see a healer, and of those who do not, 86.0% would consider seeing one in the future. Most patients report seeing a healer for spiritual reasons. The most frequently visited healers were herbalists, spiritual healers, and medicine men. Sweat lodge ceremonies, spiritual healing, and herbal remedies were the most common treatments. More than a third of the patients seeing healers received different advice from their physicians and healers. The patients rate their healer's advice higher than their physician's advice 61.4% of the time. Only 14.8% of the patients seeing healers tell their physician about their use. We conclude that physicians should be aware that their Native American patients may be using alternative forms of treatment, and they should open a respectful and culturally sensitive dialogue about this use with their patients. PMID:9519925

Marbella, A M; Harris, M C; Diehr, S; Ignace, G; Ignace, G

130

21 CFR 1307.31 - Native American Church.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Native American Church. 1307.31 Section 1307...Exempt Persons § 1307.31 Native American Church. The listing of peyote...religious ceremonies of the Native American Church, and members of the...

2010-04-01

131

21 CFR 1307.31 - Native American Church.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Native American Church. 1307.31 Section 1307...Exempt Persons § 1307.31 Native American Church. The listing of peyote...religious ceremonies of the Native American Church, and members of the...

2013-04-01

132

21 CFR 1307.31 - Native American Church.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-04-01 false Native American Church. 1307.31 Section 1307...Exempt Persons § 1307.31 Native American Church. The listing of peyote...religious ceremonies of the Native American Church, and members of the...

2009-04-01

133

20 CFR 632.11 - Designation of Native American grantees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Designation of Native American grantees. 632.11 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.11...

2009-04-01

134

20 CFR 632.11 - Designation of Native American grantees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Designation of Native American grantees. 632.11 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.11...

2010-04-01

135

CNP Project: Regional Native American Community Networks Program  

Cancer.gov

CNP Project: Regional Native American Community Networks Program  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research CNP Project Listing Regional Native American Community Networks Program CNP Pilot Projects Regional Native American Community Networks Program PRINCIPAL

136

Minority Women's Health: American Indians/Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

... American Indians/Alaska Natives Minority Women's Health American Indians/Alaska Natives Related information How to Talk to ... Return to top Health conditions common in American Indian and Alaska Native women Accidents Alcoholism and drug ...

137

Gallstones in American Indian/Alaska Native Women  

MedlinePLUS

... Americans Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders American Indians/Alaska Natives Immigrant and migrant issues Taking care ... A-Z Health Topics > Minority Women's Health > American Indians/Alaska Natives > Gallstones Minority Women's Health Health conditions ...

138

A test of racial conceptualization between African Americans and indigenous Africans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies were conducted to assess the significance of the concept of race in interpersonal attraction and self-identification comparing African Americans and native Ghanaians. An adaptation of the Bogardus Scale (1926) was used to measure interpersonal attraction. A self-identification questionnaire developed by the principal author was used to measure self-identification. The samples consisted of 366 native Ghanaians residing in Ghana and

Sherle L. Boone; Steven Buyske

2008-01-01

139

The portrayal of African American women in rap music video  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the portrayal of African American women in African American dominated rap music videos for the presence of African American female sex role stereotypes. The literature review included an historical overview tracing African American female stereotypes in American media utilizing an Africentric Feminist ideology. The review detailed descriptions and origins of stereotypes related to negative characterizations of African

Darnell Anderson

1999-01-01

140

Some African American Males' Perspectives on the Black Woman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents views of Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Malcolm X, and James Hal Cone (African-American male leaders) toward African-American women in the United States. Discusses the role of African-American men in addressing and eradicating sexism in African-American churches and the African-American community. (SLD)|

Burrow, Rufus, Jr.

1992-01-01

141

African-American Women in the Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at the perceptions and professional perspectives of African-American female EAPs who work with African-American women in various industries. It provides an exploration into the attitudes of African-American women about several workplace and personal issues including: sexual harassment and discriminationracial discriminationcareer opportunitieswork assignment disparityorganization culture and sensitivityorganizational supports These concerns have been examined against a backdrop of actual

Barbara McKinney Jackson

1994-01-01

142

Is NASH underdiagnosed among African Americans?  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE:Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are considered risk factors for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and cryptogenic cirrhosis. Because obesity and type 2 diabetes are prevalent among African American females by the 5th and 6th decades, one would expect an increased number of African Americans among patients with NASH and cryptogenic cirrhosis.METHODS:We determined the percentage of patients of African American and

Stephen H. Caldwell; Danielle M. Harris; James T. Patrie; Elizabeth E. Hespenheide

2002-01-01

143

Hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans versus Caucasians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans versus Caucasians.BackgroundExtensive global glomerulosclerosis (GS) has been reported in African Americans with hypertension and renal insufficiency, far exceeding that in Caucasians. To assess and compare severity and phenotype of injury in biopsied African Americans and Caucasians who morphologically had hypertensive nephrosclerosis, we performed a retrospective biopsy study.MethodsAll renal biopsies with a histological diagnosis of hypertensive

Carmelita Marcantoni; Li-Jun Ma; Charles Federspiel; Agnes B Fogo

2002-01-01

144

Diabetic nephropathy in African-American patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the number one cause of endstage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States and is highly prevalent\\u000a in African Americans. Since 1997, DN has been the number one cause of ESRD in African Americans. In African Americans, almost\\u000a all DN is due to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and nephropathy may affect female more than male

Errol D. Crook; Sejal R. Patel

2004-01-01

145

Diabetes in African Americans: Unique pathophysiologic features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Type 2 diabetes is an increasing public health problem among African Americans, especially children. Several features make\\u000a type 2 diabetes among African Americans unique. First, African-American adults with type 2 diabetes, or Flatbush diabetes,\\u000a present with diabetic ketoacidosis. Patients are insulin resistant with acute, severe defects in insulin secretion and no\\u000a islet cell autoantibodies. Following treatment, some insulin secretory capacity

Mary Ann Banerji

2004-01-01

146

Native Americans and state and local governments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Native Americans' concerns arising from the possibility of establishment of a nuclear repository for high level wastes at Yucca Mountain fall principally into two main categories. First, the strongest objection to the repository comes from traditional Wes...

E. R. Rusco

1991-01-01

147

Native American learning: an integrative model.  

PubMed

Cultural variations influence health care needs of individuals in various cultural groups. Oral tradition, dreams, and spirituality are important in the lives of many Native Americans. There are few Native American nurses, so health care is often provided to members of this group by nurses who have different cultural backgrounds and who may not understand pertinent history and cultural practices. This article describes the planning for and teaching of a class for undergraduate and graduate health care students to increase understanding of the unique health care needs of Native Americans. The structure of the class included both classroom and clinical hours. Essential components involved study and analysis of the historical events, cultural issues, and current health care needs and services of Native Americans. Approaches that can be applied to plan courses to explore health care needs of various cultures are presented. PMID:15152801

Bindler, Ruth; Allen, Carol; Paul, Robbie

2004-05-01

148

Monograph Highlights Research in Native American Populations  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has released a new monograph that summarizes NCI's first concerted nationwide effort to address the cancer prevention and control needs of the Native American population.

149

Wild Plants Used by the Native Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes 10 wild plants used by Native Americans. They include: rose hips; the common milkweed; cattails; elderberries; cactus fruits; lamb's quarters pigweeds (Chenopodium sp.); persimmons; mints (Monardo sp.); the yucca; and the hawthorn. Illustrations of each plant are included. (JN)|

Nature Study, 1984

1984-01-01

150

Preventing substance use among native american youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study developed and tested skills- and community-based approaches to prevent substance abuse among Native American youth. After completing pretest measurements, 1,396 third- through fifth-grade Native American students from 27 elementary schools in five states were divided randomly by school into two intervention arms and one control arm. Following intervention delivery, youths in all arms completed posttest measurements and three

Steven P Schinke; Lela Tepavac; Kristin C Cole

2000-01-01

151

Native American History, ca. 1450-1900  

Microsoft Academic Search

(The official, up-to-date syllabus for this course is online at http:\\/\\/www.oberlin.edu\\/faculty\\/gkornbl\\/H325F09\\/.) This course approaches Native American experience from a sympathetic yet unromantic cultural perspective. We begin with the premise that Native Americans were active agents in producing their history both before and after the European invasion of North America--not just victims of white oppression and\\/or abstract social forces. Topics include

Gary J. Kornblith

2009-01-01

152

Native American History, ca. 1450-1900  

Microsoft Academic Search

(Note: The official, up-to-date syllabus for this course is online at http:\\/\\/www.oberlin.edu\\/history\\/GJK\\/H325F06\\/.) This course approaches Native American experience from a sympathetic yet unromantic cultural perspective. We begin with the premise that Native Americans were active agents in producing their history both before and after the European invasion of North America--not just victims of white oppression and\\/or abstract social forces. Topics

Gary J. Kornblith

2006-01-01

153

Native american alcoholism: A transcultural counseling perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol-related mental and physical health problems are critical problems among Native Americans. The intensity of these problems increased proportionately to the destruction of traditional\\/aboriginal ways. Despite centuries of attempts at physical and cultural genocide a semblance of traditionalism survived to the presence among many tribal groups. Nonetheless the vast majority of contemporary Native Americans are ‘marginal’—caught between their traditional culture

Laurence French

1989-01-01

154

Reducing Cancer Risk among Native American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background.This article discusses the development, implementation, and preliminary testing of an intervention to reduce cancer risks through tobacco use prevention and dietary modification among Native American youth in the Northeastern United States.Methods.The intervention outcome study includes a research design and outcome measurement instruments. In collaboration with Native American communities, reservations, and organizations in the Northeastern United States, implementation of the

Steven P. Schinke; Beverly Singer; Kristin Cole; Isobel R. Contento

1996-01-01

155

African American girls and the challenges ahead.  

PubMed

The research on the psychosocial development of African American girls is limited. Information that is available focuses on teen pregnancy and health issues such as nutrition and physical activity. African American girls are facing challenges, including poverty, crime, poor self-esteem, and peer pressure. Despite some of the negative characteristics attributed to African American girls, many are achieving some success. Policy makers and service providers need to recognize the resiliency and unique needs of African American girls and develop services that ensure their needs are being fully met. PMID:12413107

Rozie-Battle, Judith L

2002-01-01

156

American Indians and Alaska Natives with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|American Indian and Alaska Native children with special needs experience the same ineffective and inefficient services as other minority language children. This paper discusses the special needs of Native children, assessment and curriculum issues, and recommendations for improvement. It provides statistics for various categories of handicaps and…

Johnson, Marilyn J.

157

American Indians and Alaska Natives with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Indian and Alaska Native children with special needs experience the same ineffective and inefficient services as other minority language children. This paper discusses the special needs of Native children, assessment and curriculum issues, and recommendations for improvement. It provides statistics for various categories of handicaps and…

Johnson, Marilyn J.

158

African-American Student Response to Images of African-Americans in Children's Picture Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated African-American student response to images of African-Americans in picture books. Study participants included 20 fifth-grade students, 9 girls and 11 boys. The study used five picture books featuring African-Americans as main characters and ranked the books on a continuum from "most positive" to "most negative" images.…

McKenzie, Ray D.; Johnstone, Adrienne

159

African American Therapists Working with African American Families: An Exploration of the Strengths Perspective in Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the exception of Hill's (1971, 1999) work, historically much of the literature on African American families has focused more on pathology than strengths. This study used interviews with 30 African American psychotherapists, self-identified as employing a strengths perspective with African American families, to investigate which strengths…

Bell-Tolliver, Laverne; Burgess, Ruby; Brock, Linda J.

2009-01-01

160

HYPERTENSION TELEMANAGEMENT IN AFRICAN AMERICANS  

PubMed Central

Background We propose evaluation of a multi-component home automated telemanagement (HAT) system providing integrated support to both clinicians and patients in implementing hypertension treatment guidelines. Methods In a randomized clinical study 550 African Americans with hypertension are followed for 18 months. The major components of the intervention and control groups are identical and are based on the current standard of care. For the purpose of this study, we define “standard of care” as the expected evidence-based care provided according to the current hypertension treatment guidelines. While intervention and control groups are similar in terms of their care components, they differ in the mode of care delivery. For the control group the best attempt is made to deliver all components of a guideline-concordant care in a routine clinical environment whereas for the intervention group the routine clinical environment is enhanced with Health Information Technology (IT) that assists clinicians and patients in working together in implementing treatment guidelines. The HAT system guides patients in following their individualized treatment plans and helps care coordination team in monitoring the patient progress. The study design is aimed at addressing the main question of this trial: whether the addition of the IT-enhanced care coordination in the routine primary care setting can improve delivery of evidence-based hypertension care in African Americans. The outcome parameters include quality of life, medical care utilization, treatment compliance, psychosocial variables and improvement in blood pressure control rates. Conclusions The trial will provide insight on the potential impact of IT-enhanced care coordination in African Americans with poorly controlled hypertension.

Finkelstein, Joseph; Cha, Eunme

2009-01-01

161

Gifted Native American Students: Underperforming, Under-Identified, and Overlooked  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been limited focus among researchers on the nature and needs of gifted Native American students in the past 30 years, and the work that has been done frequently generalizes findings across Native American cultures. This article reviews recent literature on Native American youth and on gifted Native American students; examines the…

Gentry, Marcia; Fugate, C. Matthew

2012-01-01

162

Environmental health and African Americans.  

PubMed Central

As environmental health has taken on immensely increased significance in the prevention of disease, dysfunction, and premature death, its boundaries have been anything but stable. This instability, along with a multitude of demographic, social, and economic currents, have brought into stark relief the increasing demand for scientists who have the skills and knowledge to perform environmental risk assessment and implement effective risk management policies and services. Despite this demand far too few African Americans want, or are prepared, to pursue careers in sciences. This paper describes efforts to address this problem and suggests why such initiatives may not yield the desired results.

Walker, B

1991-01-01

163

Native American Loyalists and Patriots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many American Indians experienced the American Revolution differently; Western tribes fearful of American expansionism tended to become loyalists, while east coast tribes already submerged in English society generally saw the rebellion as an opportunity to prove themselves deserving of full political equality via loyalty to their patriot…

Barsh, Russel Lawrence

1977-01-01

164

Native American Studies: A Utah Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Utah has missed an opportunity to foster, support, or lead out with exemplary Native American Studies programs within its higher education network. Considering the intertwined religious and political roots of the state establishment, the overall commitment to the American Indians as a whole has not been a major political issue. Brigham Young…

Clemmer, Janice White

1986-01-01

165

Two Native American Near-Death Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses two tales of near-death experiences from the Chippewas in Michigan during the 1820s with reference to local origin, influence of White American culture, and universality. One tale has autoscopic, specifically Native American elements while the other contains elements of the transcendental type. (Author/NRB)|

Schorer, C. E.

1986-01-01

166

The Center for Native American Youth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Aspen Institute, the Center for Native American Youth is "dedicated to improving the health, safety and overall well-being of Native American youth through communication, policy development and advocacy. The Center was founded by former US Senator Byron Dorgan to communicate with and assist tribes with the challenges Native youth face today. On the homepage, visitors can make their way through seven areas, including Our Work, Resources, Champions for Change, and Media Gallery. In the Resources area visitors can learn about the Be Excited About Reading (BEAR) Project, national help hotlines, and jobs and internships with the Center's key partners around the country. The Media Gallery contains public service announcements, their YouTube channel, and newsletters dating back to June 2011. A highlight of this resource is the Listening to Youth section, which offers direct testimony from young Native Americans about what's important to them.

167

Oral Health in Native American Indian/Alaska Native Elders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the Native American population preventable oral diseases continue to occur at an alarming rate. Only one percent of the elderly population has all of their 28 natural teeth while 58% are totally edentulous (without teeth). This very high edentulous rat...

J. Neal

2001-01-01

168

African Expressions in Hispano-American Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This revised version of a lecture on the relationship of African language and Hispano-American literature illustrates the historical influence of the African slave on representative literature and modern culture of the Caribbean Islands. Introductory remarks focus on the migratory patterns of the African slaves. The concept of negritude is then…

Coleman, Ben C.

169

Help-Seeking Experiences and Attitudes among African American, Asian American, and European American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined African American, Asian American, and European American college students’ previous direct and indirect\\u000a experiences of seeking professional psychological services and related attitudes. Survey data were collected from 254 European\\u000a American, 182 African American and 82 Asian American college students. Results revealed that fewer African American and Asian\\u000a American college students had sought professional psychological services, knew someone

Akihiko Masuda; Page L. Anderson; Michael P. Twohig; Amanda B. Feinstein; Ying-Yi Chou; Johanna W. Wendell; Analia R. Stormo

2009-01-01

170

The African American Woman. Runta (Truth).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The African American woman has commanded widespread public attention, but popular misconceptions of her socioeconomic role and status differ sharply from her actual situation. The following basic characteristics of the contemporary African American woman, drawn from census figures, are outlined: (1) demographically, females comprise a majority of…

Jackson, Monica L.; Watson, Betty Collier, Ed.

1989-01-01

171

African Americans in the Early Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses five topics on African Americans that are essential to studying United States History in the years between 1760 and 1830: (1) African Americans in the Revolutionary War ; (2) the rise of free black communities; (3) early abolitionism; (4) the spread of slavery; and (5) black resistance to slavery. (CMK)|

Nash, Gary B.

2000-01-01

172

Violence Against African Americans in Corporate America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing numbers of African Americans are entering the corporate workplace and becoming vulnerable targets for insidious, devastating and punishing forms of abusive behavior exhibited at all levels in America's corporate structures. This article explores violence against African Americans who are attempting to climb the “crystal staircase” in these formal organizations. A model is proposed to assist black executives survive hostile

Alicia Isaac; Letha A. See

2001-01-01

173

Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

2009-01-01

174

African American hypertensives: Cognition and self care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem. While evidence is present supporting aging and hypertension's association with cognitive decline, few, if any, studies have related cognition, self-care, and blood pressure outcomes in African American elders with hypertension. Purpose. The purposes of this study were to: (a) describe types of cognitive functions in elder hypertensive African Americans, (b) test relationships among concepts in a mid-range theory derived

Kay Louise Klymko

2006-01-01

175

African American Muslim Women: An Invisible Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is written about Islam and African American women or men from a psychosocial perspective. Most of the literature is on the historical and political development of the Nation of Islam, and the differences among the male leaders. This focus obscures the fact that the majority of African Americans Muslims belong to traditional Islamic groups. Drawing upon a variety of

Karen Fraser Wyche

2004-01-01

176

Proteinuria and hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proteinuria and hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans. Proteinuria is a known risk factor for both renal disease progression and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive populations. African Americans are among the highest risk groups for development of renal disease in the setting of hypertension and suffer a disproportionate burden of end-stage renal disease attributed to hypertension. Population-based studies indicate that

Robert D. Toto

2004-01-01

177

African Americans in the Early Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses five topics on African Americans that are essential to studying United States History in the years between 1760 and 1830: (1) African Americans in the Revolutionary War ; (2) the rise of free black communities; (3) early abolitionism; (4) the spread of slavery; and (5) black resistance to slavery. (CMK)

Nash, Gary B.

2000-01-01

178

The Changing Dimension of Native American Health: A Critical Understanding of Contemporary Native American Health Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traces the medical history of Native Americans since European contact. Provides background for this issue's articles concerning Native Americans and acquired immune deficiency syndrome, diabetes, substance abuse, disabilities, health problems of infants and the elderly, urban health care, and the influence of world view on health. Contains 50…

Campbell, Gregory R.

1989-01-01

179

African-Americans and serial homicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

African-Americans are usually over-represented among offenders arrested in “normal” homicide cases, making up a considerably\\u000a larger proportion than would be expected from the Black presence in the population at large. Among serial murderers, however,\\u000a African-Americans are much less in evidence—perhaps one-fifth or less of known American serial killers are Black. It may be\\u000a that African-Americans are in fact less involved

Philip Jenkins

1993-01-01

180

Native Americans in Public Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Family Spirit Project provides health and parenting education and in-home support to Navajo and Apache teen parents. The public-health careers of Native professionals allied with the project are described, including a public health administrator, a trainer of field workers, and a medical researcher specializing in communicable diseases that…

Westberg, Jane

2003-01-01

181

Native American Authors: An IPL bibliographic project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by five graduate students at the University of Michigan, this bibliographic site covers approximately 400 Native American authors, 700 books and 200 URLs. The collected information may be accessed by browsing author name, book title, or tribe. Author pages list tribe and works, and most have links to web pages that focus on the author. Each tribe also has a page with links, and each book has a page with bibliographic data. This is not a site with content about particular authors; rather, it offers an annotated bibliography of print and web sources that will help anyone interested in learning more about Native American authors.

182

Coronary artery bypass grafting in Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: While the efficacy and safety of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been established in several clinical trials,\\u000a little is known about its outcomes in Native Americans.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We assessed clinical outcomes associated with CABG in 155 Native Americans using a national database of 18,061 patients from\\u000a 25 nongovernmental, not-for-profit U.S. health care facilities. Patients were

Brahmajee K. Nallamothu; Sanjay Saint; Som Saha; A. Mark Fendrick; Keith Kelley; Scott D. Ramsey

2001-01-01

183

Needs and Issues of Latino and Native American Nonparental Relative Caregivers: Strengths and Challenges Within a Cultural Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

While custodial grandparenting historically has been more prevalent among African Americans, kinship care is increasing nationally among all culturally diverse groups. Custodial grandparenting and kinship care are becoming more common among Latino and Native American cultures. However, there are few studies examining needs and issues faced by these relative caregivers, particularly grandparents. In-depth interviews were conducted with Latino and Native

Karen Kopera-Frye

2009-01-01

184

Genetic Variation and Population Structure in Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined genetic diversity and population structure in the American landmass using 678 autosomal microsatellite markers genotyped in 422 individuals representing 24 Native American populations sampled from North, Central, and South America. These data were analyzed jointly with similar data available in 54 other indigenous populations worldwide, including an additional five Native American groups. The Native American populations have lower

Sijia Wang; Cecil M. Lewis Jr; Mattias Jakobsson; Sohini Ramachandran; Nicolas Ray; Gabriel Bedoya; Winston Rojas; Maria V. Parra; Julio A. Molina; Carla Gallo; Guido Mazzotti; Giovanni Poletti; Kim Hill; Ana M. Hurtado; Damian Labuda; William Klitz; Ramiro Barrantes; Maria Cátira Bortolini; Francisco M. Salzano; Maria Luiza Petzl-Erler; Luiza T. Tsuneto; Elena Llop; Francisco Rothhammer; Laurent Excoffier; Marcus W. Feldman; Noah A. Rosenberg; Andrés Ruiz-Linares

2007-01-01

185

A Native American's Perspective on the Writing Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Except in small doses, the language and literature of Native Americans remains invisible in the American school curriculum. Undergraduate literature classes fail to offer works by Native Americans just as the undergraduate curriculum offers few courses in Native American literature. Graduate schools frequently define minority literature as…

Tohe, Laura

186

Native American Adult Education Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is the assumption of this study that, through the assessment of the adult education and training needs of urban American Indians, programming can be designed to meet these needs, thereby providing the education and the skills which will enable Indians to improve their social condition and retain their culture. To assess cultural and…

McKelvy, Troy V.

187

Depression Among Elder Native Americans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Upon completion of this case-based module, the health care professional should be able to: Compare the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older American Indians with that in non-Indians; List at least three disposing factors to the development of depres...

R. Ramsey S. Manson

2001-01-01

188

Assessing spirituality in mentally ill African Americans.  

PubMed

The case scenario illustrates the advantage of using spirituality as a tool for recovery when working with mentally ill African American clients. Often spiritual and clinical perspectives are seen as contradictory. But for African Americans, these perspectives can be mutually reinforcing. Spirituality can serve as a resource of strength. It can provide emotional consolation, inspiration, guidance, and security. It can foster personal responsibility, identity, respect for ethical codes and community building. Mental Health professionals who use spirituality as a tool for recovery can expect to have better client outcomes when working with African Americans than those who do not. PMID:18402348

Perdue, Bobbie; Johnson, Deanna; Singley, Doretha; Jackson, Cheylon

2006-01-01

189

Womanist Therapy with African American Women with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American women are at increased risk for disabilities. There is very little information available, however, regarding psychological interventions with African American women with disabilities. The purpose of this article is to discuss psychological intervention in working with African American women with acquired disabilities from a womanist perspective. Themes and interventions will be discussed. Recommendations for working with African American

Nina A. Nabors; Melanie F. Pettee

2003-01-01

190

Jurisprudence, Peyote and the Native American Church.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines federal and state governments' attempts to suppress peyote use in Indian rituals as historically Christian-inspired. Focuses on questions of morality versus criminal law. Explains history and development of Native American Church of North America. Examines nine contemporary peyote trials. Concludes larger questions of tribal sovereignty…

Lawson, Paul E.; Scholes, Jennifer

1986-01-01

191

History through Art: A Native American Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the purpose of this study we will examine why studying art and artifacts is an important m anner in which to study history. The focus of art and artifacts will on Native Americans. We will observe why items of art and artifacts are keys to studying the past and why they are important when it comes to studying the

Melissa M. Rood

2011-01-01

192

Native American Languages as Heritage Mother Tongues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines current efforts to revitalise, stabilise, and maintain Indigenous languages in the USA. Most Native American languages are no longer acquired as a first language by children. They are nonetheless languages of identity and heritage, and in this sense can and should be considered mother tongues. The article begins with a discussion of the concept of heritage mother

Teresa L. McCarty

2008-01-01

193

Anthropological Studies of Native American Place Names.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces development of Native American place name studies from Boas (1880s) to the present. Argues that place names convey information about physical environments but also reveal how people perceive, conceptualize, and utilize their environment. Suggests the utility of place names as a framework for cultural analysis and describes recent…

Thornton, Thomas F.

1997-01-01

194

Computer Assisted Instruction for Native American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluation at the end of the first year of a 3-year project to use microcomputers to improve the reading and language skills of Limited English Proficient (LEP) Native American students revealed that the major objective was not reached, but there were achievements nonetheless. Lakota (Sioux) children constitute 10% of the Rapid City, South Dakota…

Edeburn, Carl E.; Jacobi, Carolyn

195

Growing Up Native American. An Anthology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This anthology contains 22 essays and fictional writings about childhood by well-known Native American writers of the United States and Canada, from the 19th century to the 1990s. Selections include short stories, excerpts from novels, autobiographical sketches, and essays about the relationship between language and culture, family relationships,…

Riley, Patricia, Ed.

196

Technology Leadership in Native American Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals of schools serving Native American students have a unique role as technology leaders. They must be cognizant of technological demands, government mandates, as well as unique societal and cultural needs. In this study, the researchers conducted interviews with nine principals in federally-funded, Bureau of Indian Education schools that…

Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott

2011-01-01

197

Massachusetts Historical Society: Photographs of Native Americans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Photographic portraits of Native Americans from the central and western United States are prominent in the collection of the Massachusetts Historical Society because of four Bostonian collectors who were active from the 1860s to the early 1900s. The portraits are in several different forms that were popular at the time of their production. Cartes de Visite ("calling cards"), platinotypes, photogravures, and tintypes are all represented in the collection. The striking photograph on the homepage, "The Sunset of a Dying Race", was typical of the theme of early photographs of Native Americans. Visitors should click on the title underneath the photo to read about the manipulations the photographer, Joseph Dixon, engaged in to create the romantic theme of the vanishing Native American. Visitors should check out the "Photographs of Adam Clark Vroman", a photographer who didn't romanticize his Native American photographic subjects. His subjects were "photographed simply, directly, and sympathetically." In addition to portraits, he also took beautiful photographs of the landscapes of the Southwestern United States.

198

Stylized Figures: Inspired by Native American Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching elementary-level art in the Pacific Northwest makes it natural for the author to develop a lesson based on Native American art of the area. The designs of the Northwest Indians can sometimes be a bit too sophisticated for the students to grasp, however, and it can be frustrating when developing such a project. Over a Labor Day weekend,…

Jensen, Susie B.

2013-01-01

199

Native American Health Promotion and Disease Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Asserts that there are growing concerns among Native-American communities regarding chronic health problems, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Provides health resources specific to particular tribes or regions, which can be applied to other indigenous people. Lists programs and organizations, databases, videos, Internet sites,…

Two Feathers, Jackie

1999-01-01

200

Native American Subsistence Issues in US Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interplay of treaty rights with the right to culture has produced a variety of results for Native American subsistence hunting and fishing rights in the United States. Where allocation and conservation measures fail to account for cultural considerations, conflict ensues. This paper discusses three examples: waterfowl hunting in Alaska, Northwest salmon fishing, and Inuit and Makah whaling. Each demonstrates

JENNIFER SEPEZ-ARADANAS

201

Psychological and Vocational Assessment of Native Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper introduces important issues in the psychological and vocational assessment of Native Americans in schools, mental health clinics, counseling centers, and rehabilitation programs. A primary concern is to conduct such assessment in a fair and unbiased manner. Various methods are used to gather information: interviewing the client, family…

Thomason, Timothy C.

202

Obesity and American Indians/Alaska Natives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The prevalence of obesity in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations has increased dramatically over the past 30 years. Although AIs are not a homogeneous group, all tribes throughout the U.S. have suffered adverse effects from the high prevalen...

2007-01-01

203

Native American Languages as Heritage Mother Tongues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines current efforts to revitalise, stabilise, and maintain Indigenous languages in the USA. Most Native American languages are no longer acquired as a first language by children. They are nonetheless languages of identity and heritage, and in this sense can and should be considered mother tongues. The article begins with a…

McCarty, Teresa L.

2008-01-01

204

Native American Games for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While playing simple games is creative active fun for kids, such fun can lead to learning of social science content and examination of values. The study of traditional Native American games can: (1) show young people that people of other times and other cultures were similar to them in many fundamental ways; (2) introduce children to some simple…

Harvey, Karen D., Comp.

205

Desert Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the history and culture of the Navajo, Pueblo, and other Indian tribes of the southwest desert. Written in simple language, the booklet provides background information, activities, legends, and illustrations. Topics include the climate of the…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

206

Desert Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the history and culture of the Navajo, Pueblo, and other Indian tribes of the southwest desert. Written in simple language, the booklet provides background information, activities, legends, and illustrations. Topics include the climate of…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

207

Wisdomkeepers: Meetings with Native American Spiritual Elders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book documents meetings with Native American elders who shared their tribal stories of origin, sacred traditions, social life and customs, and traditional wisdom. The idea for the book began when a Cherokee medicine man requested that his tribal knowledge be documented for future generations. For the past 10 years, the spiritual elders of…

Arden, Harvey; Wall, Steve

208

Anthropological Studies of Native American Place Names.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traces development of Native American place name studies from Boas (1880s) to the present. Argues that place names convey information about physical environments but also reveal how people perceive, conceptualize, and utilize their environment. Suggests the utility of place names as a framework for cultural analysis and describes recent…

Thornton, Thomas F.

1997-01-01

209

Southwestern Native American Studies: A Selected Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conducting research in the field of Native American studies requires the use of many different materials in the library. This guide provides a bibliography of useful tools as well as a basic strategy to follow when researching the topic. The types of documents listed include: dictionaries and encyclopedias, guides and handbooks, journal articles,…

Stabler, Karen, Comp.

210

Attracting Native Americans to computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction In the last two decades, the racial\\/ethnic composition of those earning computer science (CS) bachelor's degrees has changed in the U.S. Between 1985 and 2005, the proportion of CS bachelor's degrees awarded to White students declined from 80% to 55%. The proportion awarded to Asians increased from 5% to 12%, to Afro-Americans from 6% to 11%, to Hispanics from

Roli Varma

2009-01-01

211

African American Giftedness: Our Nation's Deferred Dream.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses issues that have perpetuated the underrepresentation of African Americans in gifted and talented programs, which include: inadequate definitions, standardized testing, nomination procedures, learning style preferences, family and peer influences, screening and identification, and gifted underachievers. Concludes by discussing…

Bonner, Fred A., II

2000-01-01

212

Poverty and Ecology of African American Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of the project was to contribute to the developmental literature by examining the ecological, situational, and cultural factors that shape behavior and set African-American children on certain development trajectories. Data was collected from 400...

P. J. O'Campo M. O'Brien Caughy

2000-01-01

213

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

MedlinePLUS

... in the African American population • Culture biases against mental health professionals and health care professionals in general prevent ... disadvantage in terms of accessing both medical and mental health care: in 2006, one-third of working adult ...

214

The landscape of recombination in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recombination, together with mutation, gives rise to genetic variation in populations. Here we leverage the recent mixture of people of African and European ancestry in the Americas to build a genetic map measuring the probability of crossing over at each position in the genome, based on about 2.1 million crossovers in 30,000 unrelated African Americans. At intervals of more than

Anjali G. Hinch; Arti Tandon; Nick Patterson; Yunli Song; Nadin Rohland; Cameron D. Palmer; Gary K. Chen; Kai Wang; Sarah G. Buxbaum; Ermeg L. Akylbekova; Melinda C. Aldrich; Christine B. Ambrosone; Christopher Amos; Elisa V. Bandera; Sonja I. Berndt; Leslie Bernstein; William J. Blot; Cathryn H. Bock; Eric Boerwinkle; Qiuyin Cai; Neil Caporaso; Graham Casey; L. Adrienne Cupples; Sandra L. Deming; W. Ryan Diver; Jasmin Divers; Myriam Fornage; Elizabeth M. Gillanders; Joseph Glessner; Curtis C. Harris; Jennifer J. Hu; Sue A. Ingles; William Isaacs; Esther M. John; W. H. Linda Kao; Brendan Keating; Rick A. Kittles; Laurence N. Kolonel; Emma Larkin; Loic Le Marchand; Lorna H. McNeill; Robert C. Millikan; Solomon Musani; Christine Neslund-Dudas; Sarah Nyante; George J. Papanicolaou; Bruce M. Psaty; Alex P. Reiner; Stephen S. Rich; Jorge L. Rodriguez-Gil; Jerome I. Rotter; Benjamin A. Rybicki; Ann G. Schwartz; Lisa B. Signorello; Margaret Spitz; Sara S. Strom; Michael J. Thun; Margaret A. Tucker; Zhaoming Wang; John K. Wiencke; John S. Witte; Margaret Wrensch; Xifeng Wu; Yuko Yamamura; Krista A. Zanetti; Wei Zheng; Regina G. Ziegler; Xiaofeng Zhu; Susan Redline; Joel N. Hirschhorn; Brian E. Henderson; Herman A. Taylor Jr.; Alkes L. Price; Hakon Hakonarson; Stephen J. Chanock; Christopher A. Haiman; James G. Wilson; David Reich; Simon R. Myers

2011-01-01

215

History of African Americans to 1865  

Microsoft Academic Search

his course examines the history of African Americans from the origins of slavery in America through the death of slavery during the Civil War. How could anyone (let alone the Founding Fathers) have traded human beings as chattel? How did African-descended people in America come to be both part of and yet perpetually marginalized in America? What does this say

Patrick Rael

216

Voices from within: Native American Faculty and Staff on Campus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the role of Native American faculty and staff in majority institutions with relation to Native American students? This chapter provides recommendations for student affairs professionals and further research.

Fox, Mary Jo Tippeconnic

2005-01-01

217

78 FR 23206 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...participation for Native American farmers and ranchers...tenure and probate issues on the delivery of USDA...opportunities for Native American producers; and (6...Interested persons may present views, orally or in writing, on issues relating to...

2013-04-18

218

77 FR 71396 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...participation for Native American farmers and ranchers...tenure and probate issues on the delivery of USDA...opportunities for Native American producers; and (6...Interested persons may present views, orally or in writing, on issues relating to...

2012-11-30

219

77 FR 43571 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...participation for Native American farmers and ranchers...tenure and probate issues on the delivery of USDA...opportunities for Native American producers; and (6...Interested persons may present views, orally or in writing, on issues relating to...

2012-07-25

220

The Cultural Context of Educational Evaluation: A Native American Perspective  

NSF Publications Database

... Relating to the Academic Achievement of Native American Students PDF (172K) SESSION 2: Resource ... 3: Education/Training Opportunities for Native American Evaluators PDF (136K) SESSION 4: Developing ...

221

Broken Promises: Evaluating the Native American Health Care System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Commission on Civil Rights presents this report, Broken Promises: Evaluating the Native American Health Care System, pursuant to Public Law 103-419. It has long been recognized that Native Americans are dying of diabetes, alcoholism, tub...

2004-01-01

222

Native American plant resources in the Yucca Mountain Area, Nevada.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents Native American interpretations of and concerns for plant resources on or near Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This one of three research reports regarding Native American cultural resources that may be affected by site characterization activ...

R. W. Stoffle M. J. Evans D. B. Halmo W. E. Niles J. T. O'Farrell

1989-01-01

223

20 CFR 632.11 - Designation of Native American grantees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Division of Indian and Native American Programs (DINAP), Employment and...American employment and training program, including a statement of the applicant's past successes in operating programs for Indians or other Native...

2012-04-01

224

Archives of African American Music and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Indiana University's Archives of African American Music and Culture (AAAMC) contains a searchable and browsable collection of bibliographic records of its over 2500 sound recordings and 200 video cassettes, as well as a searchable-only collection of bibliographic records of its photographic archive. It also contains information about its Undine Smith Moore Collection of Original Scores and Manuscripts of Black Composers. AAAMC's usage policy is on the home page, as well as selected links to other African American Internet resources.

Culture., Indiana U.

1998-01-01

225

Celiac Disease in African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Celiac disease is generally under diagnosed in the United States and it is unclear whether the disease is encountered in ethnic minorities. Our purpose is to describe a case series of African-American patients with celiac disease. Nine (1.3%) African-American patients with celiac disease were identified from a prospectively generated database of 700 patients with biopsy proven celiac disease and seen

Pardeep Brar; Ann R. Lee; Suzanne K. Lewis; Govind Bhagat; Peter H. R. Green

2006-01-01

226

Use of Native American imagery to sell tobacco.  

PubMed

The tobacco plant has been used in Native American communities in sacred, traditional and cultural ways prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus. Early immigrants to North America were introduced to tobacco use by Native Americans and the plant was quickly turned into a commercial success in Europe. Native American images have been used for centuries to commercialize a product that once held only spiritual significance to American Indian tribes. This article provides a history of tobacco, from the sacred use by Native Americans, to the commercialism of tobacco in North America. Included is a review of early to current advertisements using Native American images. PMID:15212105

BlueEye, LaDonna

2004-05-01

227

The American Indian : the Creation of a National Native American Heritage, 1880-1920  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this project I examine several of the ideological forces acting upon Native American cultures from 188Q..1920. During this period, Native Americans were subject to extraordinary pressure to assimilate, constituting a virtually bloodless war against traditional Native American identities. As a result the ideology of the majority society infiltrated Native American tribal groups and helped to break down the traditional

Brian A. Schwegler

1995-01-01

228

Native Americans and Cancer Risks: Moving Toward Multifaceted Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native Americans experience some of the poorest health statistics of any people in the United States, including rising cancer risks. If we are to truly understand and address health concerns among Native Americans, we need multifaceted interventions and policy solutions. Much of the current attention to Native American health issues examines behavioral health patterns and related interventions (that is, smoking

Hilary N. Weaver

2010-01-01

229

Developing the Library Collection for Native American Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article examines the development of the adult and children's library collection for Native American studies. The discussion of Native American studies includes a review of the types of literature that should be in the library acquisitions, a list of criteria for evaluating Native American literature, a discussion of examples of literature that meet the criteria, and a review of

Donna E. Norton; Saundra E. Norton

1993-01-01

230

Interview: Charlene Teters on Native American Symbols as Mascots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interview with Charlene Teters, Native American artist and activist, focuses on her role as leader of the national campaign to eliminate Native American symbols as college sports mascots, and especially on her experience as a University of Illinois graduate student, where the Native American symbol and mascot continues to be used despite a faculty…

Johns, Rebecca

2000-01-01

231

The Use of Public Libraries by Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Library services to Native Americans have expanded greatly in the past several decades, but more work still needs to be done to provide for the information needs of Native Americans. Data from the U.S. Current Population Survey were used to compare library use rates of Native American households to rates of Anglo households. Results show that…

Burke, Susan K.

2007-01-01

232

Adapting Manualized Treatments: Treating Anxiety Disorders among Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a small but growing body of literature examining the psychopathology of anxiety among Native Americans, no data are available regarding the efficacy of empirically supported treatments for anxiety disorders among Native Americans. Moreover, exceptional challenges arise in adapting mainstream approaches to Native Americans, such…

De Coteau, Tami; Anderson, Jessiline; Hope, Debra

2006-01-01

233

End State Renal Disease among Native Americans, 1983-86.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Determines the incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among Native Americans and Whites in the United States from 1983-86. Findings indicate 1,075 Native American cases represented an annual incidence 2.8 times the rate for Whites. Fifty-six percent of Native American cases and 27 percent of White cases were attributed to diabetes. (JS)|

Newman, Jeffrey M.; And Others

1990-01-01

234

Injury Prevention Awareness in an Urban Native American Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 50 Native American and 100 other families assessed injury prevention awareness and practices among urban Native Americans in Salt Lake City (Utah). Native American families were less aware of and less likely to practice prevention than others. These characteristics are more likely caused by low-income status than culture. (SLD)

Hsu, James S. J.; Williams, Scott D.

1991-01-01

235

Art Therapy with Native American Clients: Ethical and Professional Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly discusses how art therapists can best serve Native American populations. Sees contemporary Native Americans as product of both dominant culture and indigenous culture. Identifies ethical and professional issues that should be addressed with Native American clients. Highlights traditional healing, ethical and professional considerations,…

Dufrene, Phoebe M.; Coleman, Victoria D.

1994-01-01

236

Adapting Manualized Treatments: Treating Anxiety Disorders Among Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is a small but growing body of literature examining the psychopathology of anxiety among Native Americans, no data are available regarding the efficacy of empirically supported treatments for anxiety disorders among Native Americans. Moreover, exceptional challenges arise in adapting mainstream approaches to Native Americans, such as language barriers, contrasting beliefs about the cause and treatment of emotional illness

Tami De Coteau; Jessiline Anderson; Debra Hope

2006-01-01

237

Diabetes mellitus in Native Americans: The problem and its implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since World War II, diabetes has become one of the most common serious diseases among Native Americans. Rates of diabetes and its complications, which include premature death, renal failure, and limb amputation, are substantially higher among Native Americans than among the US general population, and the frequency of diabetes among Native Americans is increasing. Several potentially modifiable factors, including obesity,

K. M. Venkat Narayan

1997-01-01

238

Injury Prevention Awareness in an Urban Native American Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of 50 Native American and 100 other families assessed injury prevention awareness and practices among urban Native Americans in Salt Lake City (Utah). Native American families were less aware of and less likely to practice prevention than others. These characteristics are more likely caused by low-income status than culture. (SLD)|

Hsu, James S. J.; Williams, Scott D.

1991-01-01

239

Mental Health in American Indians and Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

... Minds, Healthy Lives Blog Key Topics Finding help Depression Suicide Alzheimer's Disease Autism All Topics People African Americans American Indians Asian Americans Athletes Caregivers Children College students Hispanics/Latinos LGBT/Sexual Orientation Men Military Seniors ...

240

Acute Coronary Syndrome in African Americans and Hispanic Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among African Americans and Hispanics in the United States, coronary heart disease (CHD) is highly prevalent and is the single\\u000a most frequent cause of myocardial infarction and death in that population [1]. However, multiple factors contribute to overall\\u000a poorer care and worse outcomes among African Americans and Hispanics when compared with whites. These factors include difference\\u000a in disease manifestation, socioeconomic

Tseday Sirak; Simbo Chiadika; Matthew Daka; Claude Simon

241

Contract with Native America: Tribal Colleges Can Help Mobilize Native American Vote.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how in the past, most politicians have ignored issues regarding Native Americans, but with new found political capital educators hope to change this situation. Explains that Native Americans can become empowered through mobilizing the Native American voters. Those involved with the tribal colleges and universities play a critical role in…

Gipp, David M.

2003-01-01

242

Mayo's Older African American Normative Studies: Auditory Verbal Learning Test norms for African American Elders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) is frequently used in clinical practice to assess for memory dysfunction in the elderly. As part of the Mayo Older African Americans Normative Studies (MOAANS), we provide age and education adjusted normative data for the AVLT. The sample consists of 306 self-identified African Americans who are cognitively normal, community-dwelling and ranging in age from

Tanis J. Ferman; John A. Lucas; Robert J. Ivnik; Glenn E. Smith; Floyd B. Willis; Ronald C. Petersen; Neill R. Graff-Radford

2005-01-01

243

Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2009-01-01

244

The Pedagogy of African American Parents: Learning from Educational Excellence in the African American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative study of how parents teach their children to excel academically in the African American community seeks to establish the validity of the pedagogical practices of working class African American families by investigating the educational leadership of two families on Chicago's south side. The study acknowledges the significance of…

Watkins, Audrey P.

2006-01-01

245

Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2009-01-01

246

African-American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network, Number 19  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Issue 19 (Early Winter 1997) of the African - American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network has been posted by the publisher, New South Associates. Contents include a case study on Slavery and Consumerism, notices of current excavations and research, Internet resources, book reviews and notes, and professional news and announcements.

1997-01-01

247

Challenges to Native American health care.  

PubMed

Native American health care programs face complex and unprecedented challenges resulting from the increased assumption of clinical operations by tribal authorities, shortfalls in Federal funding, modifications in state and Federal health and welfare programs, and intensifying involvement with managed care organizations. These challenges are further complicated by service populations that are increasing at a faster rate than the growth in funding. The authors conducted onsite surveys of 39 Native American health programs in 10 states in order to assess the organizational and management problems they faced. The trend toward transfer of health programs from the Indian Health Service to tribal operation seems likely to continue and accelerate. The survey results indicate that in order for programs to be effective in the long run, they will need to be guided by skilled managers able to adapt to these powerful changes in the health care environment. PMID:9885525

Noren, J; Kindig, D; Sprenger, A

248

Challenges to Native American health care.  

PubMed Central

Native American health care programs face complex and unprecedented challenges resulting from the increased assumption of clinical operations by tribal authorities, shortfalls in Federal funding, modifications in state and Federal health and welfare programs, and intensifying involvement with managed care organizations. These challenges are further complicated by service populations that are increasing at a faster rate than the growth in funding. The authors conducted onsite surveys of 39 Native American health programs in 10 states in order to assess the organizational and management problems they faced. The trend toward transfer of health programs from the Indian Health Service to tribal operation seems likely to continue and accelerate. The survey results indicate that in order for programs to be effective in the long run, they will need to be guided by skilled managers able to adapt to these powerful changes in the health care environment. Images p[23]-a p27-a p28-a p30-a

Noren, J; Kindig, D; Sprenger, A

1998-01-01

249

Prosodic Rhythm and African American English  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prosodic rhythm was measured for a sample of 20 African American and 20 European American speakers from North Carolina using the metric devised by Low, Grabe, and Nolan (2000), which involves comparisons of the durations of vowels in adjacent syllables. In order to gain historical perspective, the same technique was applied to the ex-slave recordings described in Bailey, Maynor, and

Erik R. Thomas; Phillip M. Carter

2006-01-01

250

African Americans in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The African American population has made remarkable progress since the 1960s, but recent trends may derail the progress of many American blacks. Compared to previous years, United States blacks, who number 30 million in 1991, are more educated, earn higher salaries, work in more prestigious jobs, and participate more fully in politics. However,…

O'Hare, William P.; And Others

1991-01-01

251

Impact and Effectiveness of Administration for Native Americans Projects Report, 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Administration for Native Americans (ANA) promotes economic and social self-sufficiency for American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and Native American Pacific Islanders (including American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of Northern Mar...

2007-01-01

252

Impact and Effectiveness of Administration for Native Americans Projects Report, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Administration for Native Americans (ANA) promotes economic and social self-sufficiency for American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and Native American Pacific Islanders (including American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of Northern Mar...

2009-01-01

253

Impact and Effectiveness of Administration for Native Americans Projects Report, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Administration for Native Americans (ANA) promotes economic and social self-sufficiency for American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and Native American Pacific Islanders (including American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of Northern Mar...

2008-01-01

254

Neuropsychological Assessment and Intervention with Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Much of the attention given to significant Native American issues in the neuropsychology research literature is minimal (Dauphinais & King, 1992). In the past 30 years there has been a disappointing number of neuropsychological studies with this population. Studies\\u000a began in the 1970s on subjects such as culture patterns of speech (Philipsen, 1972), cerebral speech lateralization (Scott, Hynd, Hunt, &

Jeff King; Elaine Fletcher-Janzen

255

Exploring Native American Students’ Perceptions of Scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this descriptive study was to explore Native American (NA) students’ perceptions of scientists by using the Draw-A-Scientist Test and to determine if differences in these perceptions exist between grade level, gender, and level of cultural tradition. Data were collected for students in Grades 9–12 within a NA grant off-reservation boarding school. A total of 133 NA students

Timothy A Laubach; Geary Don Crofford; Edmund A Marek

2012-01-01

256

Cancer incidence and mortality among African Americans.  

PubMed

In the future, the largest proportional increase in the population will be among minority groups. To date, there are a number of studies which document the disparities in cancer incidence and survival existing between white Americans and minorities, especially African Americans. African Americans have the highest cancer incidence and mortality rates in the United States. Much of this difference can be directly related to socioeconomic status. There are also cultural differences which result in differing attitudes towards health care. In the future, interventions designed to encourage cancer prevention and screening behaviors must seek to overcome the barriers to access in a culturally sensitive fashion. PMID:8006497

Scroggins, T G; Bateman, M; Allen, S; Rittenberg, C N

1994-04-01

257

Five types of African-American marriages.  

PubMed

This study developed a marital typology based on a nonrandom, national sample of 415 African-American couples who took the Enriching Relationship Issues, Communication and Happiness (ENRICH) marital assessment inventory. Five types of African-American marriages were identified through cluster analysis using the positive couple agreement (PCA) scores in 10 relationship domains. Relationships between marital satisfaction, marital stability, and the five marital types were then analyzed. The five types (from highest marital satisfaction to lowest) were labeled as vitalized, harmonious, traditional, conflicted, and devitalized. The results were similar to findings in studies of ethnically mixed (predominantly European-American) marital samples including the number and characteristics of marital types. PMID:11436423

Allen, W D; Olson, D H

2001-07-01

258

Through indigenous eyes: Native Americans and the HIV epidemic.  

PubMed

This article examines the phenomenon of HIV within the context of a Native American culture. Native Americans have some risk factors for HIV transmission that differ from those found in other populations. In addition, prevention and intervention activities with this population must consider cultural variables to maximize their effectiveness. Brief anecdotes are used to illustrate various concepts related to HIV and Native Americans and to include a human face along with facts and statistics. The author's unique perspective, coupled with a broad discussion of relevant issues enables non-Native American readers to understand better the phenomenon of HIV as it exists within a Native American context. PMID:14533417

Weaver, H N

1999-02-01

259

The Current Condition of Native Americans. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest provides an overview of Native American demography, education, employment, and health conditions. In the 1990 census, 1.9 million Americans claimed American Indian status and over 5 million indicated Indian descent. About 637,000 lived on reservations or trust lands, while over 250,000 lived in cities. Half of Native Americans lived in…

Hodgkinson, Harold

260

Identification of common cystic fibrosis mutations in African-Americans with cystic fibrosis increases the detection rate to 75%.  

PubMed Central

Cystic fibrosis (CF)--an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and characterized by abnormal chloride conduction across epithelial membranes, leading to chronic lung and exocrine pancreatic disease--is less common in African-Americans than in Caucasians. No large-scale studies of mutation identification and screening in African-American CF patients have been reported, to date. In this study, the entire coding and flanking intronic sequence of the CFTR gene was analyzed by denaturing gradient-gel electrophoresis and sequencing in an index group of 82 African-American CF chromosomes to identify mutations. One novel mutation, 3120+1G-->A, occurred with a frequency of 12.3% and was also detected in a native African patient. To establish frequencies, an additional group of 66 African-American CF chromosomes were screened for mutations identified in two or more African-American patients. Screening for 16 "common Caucasian" mutations identified 52% of CF alleles in African-Americans, while screening for 8 "common African" mutations accounted for an additional 23%. The combined detection rate of 75% was comparable to the sensitivity of mutation analysis in Caucasian CF patients. These results indicate that African-Americans have their own set of "common" CF mutations that originate from the native African population. Inclusion of these "common" mutations substantially improves CF mutation detection rates in African-Americans.

Macek, M; Mackova, A; Hamosh, A; Hilman, B C; Selden, R F; Lucotte, G; Friedman, K J; Knowles, M R; Rosenstein, B J; Cutting, G R

1997-01-01

261

Cancer statistics for African Americans, 2013.  

PubMed

In this article, the American Cancer Society estimates the number of new cancer cases and deaths for African Americans and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, survival, and screening prevalence based upon incidence data from the National Cancer Institute, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries and mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics. It is estimated that 176,620 new cases of cancer and 64,880 deaths will occur among African Americans in 2013. From 2000 to 2009, the overall cancer death rate among males declined faster among African Americans than whites (2.4% vs 1.7% per year), but among females, the rate of decline was similar (1.5% vs 1.4% per year, respectively). The decrease in cancer death rates among African American males was the largest of any racial or ethnic group. The reduction in overall cancer death rates since 1990 in men and 1991 in women translates to the avoidance of nearly 200,000 deaths from cancer among African Americans. Five-year relative survival is lower for African Americans than whites for most cancers at each stage of diagnosis. The extent to which these disparities reflect unequal access to health care versus other factors remains an active area of research. Overall, progress in reducing cancer death rates has been made, although more can and should be done to accelerate this progress through ensuring equitable access to cancer prevention, early detection, and state-of-the-art treatments. PMID:23386565

DeSantis, Carol; Naishadham, Deepa; Jemal, Ahmedin

2013-02-05

262

Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans.  

PubMed Central

Trichomonas vaginalis may be emerging as one of the most important cofactors in amplifying HIV transmission, particularly in African-American communities of the United States. In a person co-infected with HIV, the pathology induced by T. vaginalis infection can increase HIV shedding. Trichomonas infection may also act to expand the portal of entry for HIV in an HIV-negative person. Studies from Africa have suggested that T. vaginalis infection may increase the rate of HIV transmission by approximately twofold. Available data indicate that T. vaginalis is highly prevalent among African-Americans in major urban centers of the United States and is often the most common sexually transmitted infection in black women. Even if T. vaginalis increases the risk of HIV transmission by a small amount, this could translate into an important amplifying effect since Trichomonas is so common. Substantial HIV transmission may be attributable to T. vaginalis in African-American communities of the United States.

Sorvillo, F.; Smith, L.; Kerndt, P.; Ash, L.

2001-01-01

263

African American Culture and Hypertension Prevention  

PubMed Central

A qualitative study was done to explore attitudes and beliefs of African Americans regarding hypertension-preventive self-care behaviors. Five focus groups, with 34 participants, were held using interview questions loosely based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Analysis revealed themes broadly consistent with the TPB, and also identified an overarching theme labeled “circle of culture.” The circle is a metaphor for ties that bind individuals within the larger African American community, and provides boundaries for culturally acceptable behaviors. Three sub-themes were identified: one describes how health behaviors are “passed from generation to generation,” another reflects a sense of being “accountable” to others within the culture; and the third reflects negative views taken toward people who are “acting different,” moving outside the circle of culture. Findings provide an expanded perspective of the TPB by demonstrating the influence of culture and collective identify on attitude formation and health-related behaviors among African Americans.

Peters, Rosalind M.; Aroian, Karen J.; Flack, John M.

2009-01-01

264

Communication and the Power of Native American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis focuses on the effects of the language of patriarchy on the power of Native American women, how these women have retained power in their own societies, and how an understanding of Native women's values can aid feminists. An examination of Native American women's literature provides a connecting bridge back to a time before patriarchy…

Torson, Dianna

265

Experiencing Higher Education in Louisiana through a Native American Lens  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation was to capture the voice of the Louisiana Native American students who attend Louisiana institutions of higher education. Native Americans are the least represented minority in colleges. More have entered college in recent years, yet they continue to leave college at a high rate. It is important to understand what motivates Native students to attend

Linda Kelly

2008-01-01

266

Recent health trends in the Native American population  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the changes in the health status of Native Americans since the mid-1950s, how the disease pattern differs from non-Natives, and regional differences within the Native American population. Despite some limitations, data from the Indian Health Service indicate that substantial decline in the infant mortality rate and mortality from such infectious diseases as tuberculosis and gastroenteritis has occurred.

T. KUE YOUNG

1997-01-01

267

The Development of "New" Languages in Native American Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the belief that as English rapidly infiltrates Native American cultures, school programs for teaching and maintaining native languages are not working. It suggests that Native American children who learn English first and their heritage languages second have difficulty learning the structures of their ancestral languages…

Goodfellow, Anne

268

Dimensions of Acculturation in Native American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were applied to the responses of two respective independent samples of Native American college students on the Native American Acculturation Scale (NAAS). Three correlated dimensions were found to underlie NAAS items and these dimensions may also comprise a broader higher order dimension of Native

Reynolds, Amy L.; Sodano, Sandro M.; Ecklund, Timothy R.; Guyker, Wendy

2012-01-01

269

Dimensions of Acculturation in Native American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were applied to the responses of two respective independent samples of Native American college students on the Native American Acculturation Scale (NAAS). Three correlated dimensions were found to underlie NAAS items and these dimensions may also comprise a broader higher order dimension of Native

Reynolds, Amy L.; Sodano, Sandro M.; Ecklund, Timothy R.; Guyker, Wendy

2012-01-01

270

Sexual concurrency among young African American women.  

PubMed

Young African-American women are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) sexually transmitted infections (STI), and engage in greater sexual concurrency than other race/ethnicities. It is important to evaluate behaviors and characteristics associated with the risk of sexual concurrency, so that interventions can target factors most likely to affect positive change. An emphasis on correlates of concurrency beyond individual-level factors has been suggested. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to identify individual- and partner-level characteristics associated with sexual concurrency among high-risk, young African-American women. Data were collected from 570 African-American adolescent women (aged 15-21) recruited from a STI clinic, a family planning clinic, and a teen clinic located in Atlanta, GA from March 2002 through August 2004. Logistic regression analysis was conducted in 2012 to evaluate correlates of sexual concurrency. Results show that almost one-quarter of participants reported sexually concurrent partnerships and 28.4% suspected male partner concurrency. Logistic regression results indicated the number of lifetime sexual partners and relationship factors were the primary contributors to engaging in concurrency in this sample. These findings suggest relationship factors may be important contributors to the prevalence of sexual concurrency among young African-American women. Interventions targeted toward sexual health among young African-American women may need to specifically address partner/relationship factors. Through these findings, we hope to better understand sexual risk taking and develop strategies that would overcome barriers to existing interventions aimed at improving the sexual health outcomes of young African-American women. PMID:23363034

Waldrop-Valverde, Drenna G; Davis, Teaniese L; Sales, Jessica M; Rose, Eve S; Wingood, Gina M; Diclemente, Ralph J

2013-01-31

271

Code of the Street and African-American Adolescent Violence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The code of the street theory, developed by Yale professor Elijah Anderson, presents an explanation for high rates of violence among African-American adolescents. Observing life in a Philadelphia African-American neighborhood, Anderson saw that economic d...

E. A. Stewart R. L. Simons

2009-01-01

272

Cardiovascular responses of African American female caregivers.  

PubMed

A sample of 18 African American female caregivers and 24 noncaregivers were recruited for the purpose of exploring the relationships among caregiver status, demands, resources, sociodemographics, and cardiovascular responses. The principle finding of the study were that there were no significant relationships between caregiver status, daily hassles, total chronic conditions, total antihypertensives, learned resourcefulness, age, income, education, pulse, systolic, and diastolic blood pressures. Longitudinal studies of African American female caregivers' and noncaregivers' cardiovascular responses are needed to determine whether caregiving is related to increased cardiovascular responses. Nursing interventions that support caregivers in managing care recipient deficits in instrumental activities of daily living and cognitive impairment are needed. PMID:9384098

Picot, S J; Zauszniewski, J A; Delgado, C

273

Impact of biomedical research on African Americans.  

PubMed Central

Pharmaceutical development and medical research continues at a fevered pitch. Historically, however, African Americans and other minorities have not been adequately represented in the studies determining a drug's safety and efficacy in humans. A history of misuse in the medical research systems (most notably the Tuskeegee study of syphillis in a population of illiterate, poor black men) have left many blacks wary of the health care system. However, attempts to address the health disparities faced by African Americans must include processes for including wider representation of blacks--as patients as well as investigators--in clinical trials.

Harrison, R. W.

2001-01-01

274

The Teaching of Afrocentric Values by African American Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the extent to which four indices of African self-consciousness are operating in suburban African-American families. It presents examples of African self-consciousness illustrating how the perceptions of African-American children living in predominantly White suburbs are shaped by family, church, school, and social interactions. Parental…

Richards, Harriet

1997-01-01

275

Community-based research: Barriers to recruitment of African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The elimination of health disparities for African Amer- icans requires culturally relevant, empirical knowl- edge, which in turn requires including African Ameri- cans in research studies. However, power-difference barriers and conceptual barriers continue to inhibit the recruitment of African Americans. The purpose of this article is to define and discuss certain barriers to the recruitment of African Americans into research

Barbara L. Dancy; JoEllen Wilbur; Marie Talashek; Gloria Bonner; Cynthia Barnes-Boyd

2004-01-01

276

Native American mtDNA prehistory in the American Southwest  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the mtDNA diver- sity of the proposed descendants of the multiethnic Ho- hokam and Anasazi cultural traditions, as well as Uto- Aztecan and Southern-Athapaskan groups, to investigate hypothesized migrations associated with the Southwest region. The mtDNA haplogroups of 117 Native Americans from southwestern North America were determined. The hypervariable segment I (HVSI) portion of the control region

Ripan S. Malhi; Holly M. Mortensen; Jason A. Eshleman; Brian M. Kemp; Joseph G. Lorenz; Frederika A. Kaestle; John R. Johnson; Clara Gorodezky; David Glenn Smith

2003-01-01

277

Current Conditions in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The school experience of American Indian and Alaska Native children hinges on the context in which their schooling takes place. This context includes the health and well-being of their families, communities, and governments, as well as the relationship between Native and non-Native people. Many Native children are in desperate straits because of…

Szasz, Margaret Connell

278

Current Conditions in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school experience of American Indian and Alaska Native children hinges on the context in which their schooling takes place. This context includes the health and well-being of their families, communities, and governments, as well as the relationship between Native and non-Native people. Many Native children are in desperate straits because of…

Szasz, Margaret Connell

279

Misreporting of total energy intake in older African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine misreporting of total energy intake in older African-American men and women using the double-labeled water procedure; and (2) to identify significant physiological and demographic determinants of total energy intake misreporting in older African Americans.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study examining gender differences and determinants of misreporting of total energy intake in older African-American men and women.SUBJECTS: Sixty-four, older African-American

NJ Tomoyasu; MJ Toth; ET Poehlman

2000-01-01

280

EXPOSURE OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN YOUTH TO ALCOHOL ADVERTISING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Charges of over-concentration of alcohol bill- boards in African-American neighbor- hoods have prompted protests and leg- islative fights in Chicago, Milwaukee, Baltimore, Los Angeles and elsewhere.1 Battles over the heavy marketing to the African-American community of

D. Jernigan; P. Wright; B. Gallegos; A. Tate; J. Streicker; M. Lee; J. F. Mosher

281

Characterizing the learning styles and testing the science-related attitudes of African American middle school students: Implications for the underrepresentation of African Americans in the sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and women are underrepresented among the population of scientists and science teachers in the United States. Specifically, the shortage of African Americans teaching math and science at all levels of the educational process and going into the many science-related fields is manifested throughout the entire educational and career structure of our society. This shortage exists when compared to the total population of African Americans in this country, the population of African American students, and to society's demand for more math and science teachers and professionals of all races. One suggestion to address this problem is to update curricular and instructional programs to accommodate the learning styles of African Americans from elementary to graduate school. There is little in the published literature to help us understand the learning styles of African American middle school students and how they compare to African American adults who pursue science careers. There is also little published data to help inform us about the relationship between learning styles of African American middle school students and their attitudes toward science. The author used a learning styles inventory instrument to identify the learning style preferences of the African American students and adults. The preferences identified describe how African American students and African American adult science professionals prefer to function, learn, concentrate, and perform in their educational and work activities in the areas of: (a) immediate environment, (b) emotionality, (c) sociological needs, and (d) physical needs. The learning style preferences for the students and adults were not significantly different in key areas of preference. A Test of Science-Related Attitudes (TOSRA) was used to measure seven distinct science-related attitudes of the middle school students. A comparison of the profile of the mean scores for the students in this study to a national norm, comprised of students of all races, showed no significant differences. The attitudes that African American middle school students have toward science are influenced by science professionals (role models), their parents, and their teachers. This correlates directly with the high preference for Parent Motivated and Teacher Motivated learning style preferences.

Perine, Donald Ray

282

Teaching Young Children about Native Americans. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the terms "Native American" and "American Indian" are both legitimately used to refer to the indigenous people of North America, this digest identifies stereotypes about Native Americans that children gain from media portrayals and classroom role playing, and suggests strategies for teachers to use to counter stereotyped portrayals and…

Reese, Debbie

283

Family and Career Trajectories among African American Female Attorneys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional African American women are vastly understudied in sociology. We address that omission by examining how the intersection of race with the structure of elite, male-dominated occupations shapes family and work trajectories for a sample of 203 African American female attorneys. Like the general population of African American women, respondents with partners and with children do not seem to suffer

Mary Blair-Loy; Gretchen Dehart

2003-01-01

284

Selected Bibliographic resources For African American Adult Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors use three disciplinary categories--history, philosophy, and adult learning and development--to categorize materials related to African American adult education. The sources provide an examination of adult education from a culturally grounded African American experiential perspective. The authors suggest that these sources can be used in a separate course on African American adult education or may be infused into an

Talmadge C. Guy; Scipio A. J. Colin

285

African American Single Mothers Raising Sons: Implications for Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being raised by a single mother is one factor that has been suggested as contributing to the plight of African American males. Yet few studies have focused specifically on African American single mothers' experiences with raising sons. This qualitative study explored the following questions: (1) What are the experiences of African American single…

Gantt, Ann L.; Greif, Geoffrey L.

2009-01-01

286

Exposure of African-American Youth to Alcohol Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Despite occasional media and community spotlights on the marketing of alcohol products in the African-American community, there has been no systematic review of the…

2003

287

African American Acculturation and Black Racial Identity: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between acculturation and racial identity among African Americans. One hundred eighty-seven African American students completed the Black Racial Identity Attitude Scale and the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS). Acculturation was associated with three of the five AAAS subscales: Dissonance, Immersion, and…

Pope-Davis, Donald B.; Liu, William M.; Ledesma-Jones, Shannon; Nevitt, Jonathan

2000-01-01

288

Perceptions of Domestic Violence: A Dialogue with African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although empirical research has accumulated over the past 20 years regarding African Americans and domestic violence, many questions remain about African American perceptions of domestic violence. This article explores African American women's perceptions about domestic violence through three focus groups held at a New York social services…

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B.

2004-01-01

289

African American Women's Emotional Responses to Breast Cancer1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer is an emotionally challenging disease for women. Little is known about African American women's emotional responses to breast cancer. This exploratory study focuses on the emotional responses of African American women throughout their breast cancer experience. Sixty-six African American women, age 35 to 76, living in the southeastern United States participated in focus group interviews. There were five

Phyllis D. Morgan; Victoria Mock; Joshua Fogel

290

Exploring School Engagement of Middle-Class African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because of the scarcity of knowledge about middle-class African American adolescents, the present study explored psychological and parental factors in relation to academic performance. The participants were 336 middle-class African American students and their biological mothers. The findings suggest that for African American middle-class…

Sirin, Selcuk R.; Rogers-Sirin, Lauren

2004-01-01

291

Empowerment Groups for Urban African American Girls: A Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the author wanted to read Bemak, Chung, and Siroskey-Sabdo's article in an objective sense, her response to their article is most likely influenced by her own experiences as an African American female and mother of an African American daughter. To her, the paramount issue facing African American females is the double and sometimes triple…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl C.

2005-01-01

292

Exposure of African-American Youth to Alcohol Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Despite occasional media and community spotlights on the marketing of alcohol products in the African-American community, there has been no systematic review of the…

2003

293

Barriers to Hospice Use among African Americans: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present review was undertaken to explore recent evidence in the professional literature pertaining to use of hospice services by African Americans. The article addresses the research methods that have been used to study African American hospice use, obstacles to African American participation in hospice that have been identified, and…

Washington, Karla T.; Bickel-Swenson, Denise; Stephens, Nathan

2008-01-01

294

BLACK MASCULINITY AND BASKETBALL AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDIES 398DT  

Microsoft Academic Search

and by appointment Because over 80% of NBA basketball players are African American and the style of play that emerged from African-American communities dominates the professional game, basketball is culturally marked as black. Larry Bird, a three-time NBA MVP, and the best non-African American player of the last thirty years maintained that basketball is \\

Damion Thomas

295

Going to School: The African-American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume presents the views of a range of African-American educators on questions related to African-American academic achievement. The concern in this volume is with the persistent, pervasive, and disproportionate underachievement of African-American students. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1, "Problem Identification," comprises…

Lomotey, Kofi, Ed.

296

Disordered eating in African American women: An object relations perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to examine disordered eating behaviors in a population of African American women at a Historically Black University (HBCU). Past research has indicated that African American women at a predominantly White university meet diagnostic criteria for eating disorders at the same rates as Caucasian women (Mulholland & Mintz, 2001). Because African American women at

Jo Ann Spadafore

2007-01-01

297

Introduction: Suicidal Behaviors in the African American Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the risk and protective factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors in the African American community. The authors provide a brief review of the history of suicide research in African American communities and critique some of the paradigms and underlying assumptions that have made it difficult to address the problem of suicidal behaviors in the African American

Alex E. Crosby; Sherry Davis Molock

2006-01-01

298

Spirituality and Self-Management of Diabetes in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention to spirituality is especially important for nurses when providing care to African Americans. Spirituality is deeply embedded in their rich cultural heritage. For many African Americans, spirituality is intertwined into all aspects of life, including beliefs about health and illness. Therefore, it is imperative that nurses understand the relationship between African American spirituality, health, and self-management of illness to

Rebecca Polzer; Margaret Shandor Miles

2005-01-01

299

African American Fathers and Incarceration: Paternal Involvement and Child Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite only accounting for 6% of the general population, African American males represent nearly 50% of the prison population. To investigate the impact of mass incarceration on African American families, data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being study were analyzed. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to examine the impact of previous incarceration on African American fathers' instrumental

Armon R. Perry; Mikia Bright

2012-01-01

300

African-American Artists in Context: The Philadelphia Art Museum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews two exhibits of visual art at the Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) Art Museum, "Works by African-Americans," which showcases the contributions of nineteenth- and twentieth-century African-American artists; and "Pertaining to Philadelphia," acquisitions from the collection of Julius Bloch, an artist and mentor to many African American artists…

Verdino-Sullivan, Carla Maria

1992-01-01

301

Breast Cancer in African-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

African-American women face a lower risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer as compared to Caucasian-American women, yet they paradoxically face an increased breast cancer mortality hazard. An increased incidence rate for early-onset disease has also been documented. This manuscript review sum- marizes the socioeconomic, environmental, genetic, and possible primary tumor biologic factors that may explain these disparities. The Oncologist

LISA A. NEWMAN

302

Body-Image Perceptions among Urban Native American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study investigated body-image perceptions among Native American youth.Research Methods and Procedures: A modified and validated body-image measure for use with Native American youth was utilized in a cross-sectional assessment of 155 urban Native American youth attending an after-school program in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The youth (ages 5 to 18 years) expressed their perceptions of current and ideal body image,

Kimberly Rinderknecht; Chery Smith

2002-01-01

303

Outcome Measures of African American Adolescent Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a decline in births, adolescent pregnancy continues to be a concern for parents, policymakers, and social service providers. Although the future of young mothers in general has been proven to be bleak, some research suggests that the negative impact of adolescent pregnancy is less severe in African American families. Hypotheses have been formulated in prior literature to explain this

Afua Ottie Arhin

304

Pastoral Counseling with African American Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pastoral counseling can enable African-American men to adopt a different identity by presenting a model of holism that allows men to access both masculine and feminine sides of their identities, becoming whole persons who respond to the world from within rather than reacting to external pressures. (SLD)|

Wimberly, Edward P.

1993-01-01

305

Depressive Symptoms in African-American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms in an African American female college student sample (n=78) using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI2) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). MMPI-2 was a more conservative scale than BDI in identifying depressive symptom levels. Discusses stress inoculation methods to assist…

Reed, Michael K.; And Others

1996-01-01

306

Autism and the African American Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect 1 in 500 live births per year. However, due to varying techniques for diagnosis and treatment, the disability remains the subject of debate. African Americans tend to suffer disproportionate rates of disability and disease when compared to other racial and ethnic groups due to access to preventative and curative care. However,

Ruby M. Gourdine; Tiffany D. Baffour; Martell Teasley

2011-01-01

307

African American Youth in the New Millennium  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American youth today are facing a fast changing world of high technology and diminishing opportunities. This generation brings a new attitude and a challenging perspective to service providers and policy makers. The policies and interventions of the past may need an upgrade to meet the needs of this new generation. The issues of poverty and meaningful opportunities are important

Judith L. Rozie-Battle

2002-01-01

308

African American's Perceptions of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes and beliefs about utilization of mental health services of 201 African Americans, 18 years and older, are explored. One hundred and thirty-four females and 66 males participated in mixed sex focus groups conducted in an urban, Midwestern city. Discussion probes addressed participant perceptions of psychotherapists and psychotherapy,…

Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders; Akbar, Maysa D.; Bazile, Anita

309

African American Female Superintendents: Resilient School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Six African American female superintendents who had served as superintendents in at least 2 school districts were interviewed to understand ways in which they responded to barriers and adversity in their roles, with a particular emphasis on issues related to sexism and racism. Study participants shared that they work to engage the community and…

Johnson, Bernadeia H.

2012-01-01

310

African American Female Superintendents: Resilient School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six African American female superintendents who had served as superintendents in at least 2 school districts were interviewed to understand ways in which they responded to barriers and adversity in their roles, with a particular emphasis on issues related to sexism and racism. Study participants shared that they work to engage the community and…

Johnson, Bernadeia H.

2012-01-01

311

Empowering African Americans to Achieve Academic Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews pertinent factors, such as the need to encourage a positive home environment, transform peer group influences, establish goals early in life, foster racial pride and awareness, use African-American culture to foster achievement, encourage a sense of self-control, initiate and expand mentor programs, and cultivate academic…

Gary, Lawrence E.; Booker, Christopher B.

1992-01-01

312

Language and the African American Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do children acquire African American English? How do they develop the specific language patterns of their communities? Drawing on spontaneous speech samples and data from structured elicitation tasks, this book explains the developmental trends in the children's language. It examines topics such as the development of tense/aspect marking,…

Green, Lisa J.

2011-01-01

313

Vinnette Carroll: African American director\\/playwright  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much has been written on Black minstrels, vaudeville and early Black Musicals, but little is devoted to the religious influences of ritual in the black community and its expression of identity through gospel music in the African American theatre experience.^ Vinnette Carroll's contributions to theatre, musical theatre and Broadway are impressive especially her work as developer of the song play

Calvin Andre McClinton

1997-01-01

314

Examining School Engagement of African American Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the impact of behavioral and affective factors on 688 African American high school students' academic performance, examining the relationship between school engagement, educational expectations, self-esteem, and school achievement; noting differences between males and females; and discussing whether behavioral and…

Sirin, Selcuk; Jackson, Lisa R.

315

Engaging African American Males in Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By selecting appropriate reading materials, teachers can engage African American adolescent males with text, particularly students who have not mastered the skills, strategies, and knowledge that will lead to positive life outcomes. This approach takes into account students' four literacy needs--academic, cultural, emotional, and social--and…

Tatum, Alfred W.

2006-01-01

316

Courtship Violence among African American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the relationship between family interactions, personality variables, and courtship violence. African American college students who were dating were administered the Conflict Tactics Scale and a series of other measures. Findings indicate that more than half of the Afncan Americanfemales and males had insulted, refused to talk to, or made spiteful comments to a dating partner Females reported

M. L. Clark; Joyce Beckett; Mabel Wells; Delores Dungee-Anderson

1994-01-01

317

HIV and AIDS among African American Youth  

MedlinePLUS

... t S tigma: The stigma associated with HIV and homosexuality may help to spread HIV in African American communities. Fear of disclosing risk behavior or sexual orientation prevents many from seeking testing, treatment and support from friends and family. As a ...

318

Elder Maltreatment Among Rural African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elder maltreatment, an unfortunate manifestation of the graying of our nation's population, has been well documented during the last decade; but, a clear definition or understanding of the phenomenon has not been forthcoming. This lack of clarity is particularly evident among older African-Americans and especially among this minority group in rural communities. This paper describes an exploratory study of 10

Linner Ward Griffin

1994-01-01

319

Sibling Relationships in Rural African American Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A family process model was used to link mothers' and fathers' psychological functioning to sibling relationship quality in a sample of 9- to 12-year-old African American youth (N=85) living in the rural Southeastern United States. Better parental psychological functioning was linked to more supportive relationships in the family, and youth in…

Brody, Gene H.; Stoneman, Zolinda; Smith, Trellis; Gibson, Nicole Morgan

1999-01-01

320

African Americans and Teen Dating Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This literature review focuses on the prevalence rates of teen dating violence in the United States, emergence of dating violence research, reasons of teen dating violence in the African American community, consequences of it regarding physical and mental health, and the impact of it on psychological and physical health. The research shows a trickledown effect of racism, low socio-economic status,

Racine Renee Henry; Senem Zeytinoglu

2012-01-01

321

African American men constructing computing identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many young African American males have a passion for video games, but they don't often translate that passion into learning about computing. Part of the problem is that they do not identify with computing as a social norm within their peer group. This disidentification with computing can negatively impact academic performance and limit opportunities for upward mobility. We developed a

Betsy James DiSalvo; Sarita Yardi; Mark Guzdial; Tom McKlin; Charles Meadows; Kenneth Perry; Amy Bruckman

2011-01-01

322

African American College Women's Suicide Buffers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To examine the relationships buffers may have with suicide ideation, 300 African American female college students completed measures of suicide ideation and buffers. Three variables accounted for a significant and unique portion of the variance in suicide ideation: family support, a view that suicide is unacceptable, and a collaborative religious…

Marion, Michelle S.; Range, Lillian M.

2003-01-01

323

African American College Women's Suicide Buffers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the relationships buffers may have with suicide ideation, 300 African American female college students completed measures of suicide ideation and buffers. Three variables accounted for a significant and unique portion of the variance in suicide ideation: family support, a view that suicide is unacceptable, and a collaborative religious…

Marion, Michelle S.; Range, Lillian M.

2003-01-01

324

Health Promotion Behaviors among African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to examine and describe the relationships among health status, marital status, income level, education level, age, and body mass index (BMI) with the added influence of spirituality on the health promotion behaviors of African American women, living in South Florida. The sample consisted of 137 women, 18 to 64 years of age, who were

Sandra Elaine Douchand Brown

2009-01-01

325

African American's Perceptions of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The attitudes and beliefs about utilization of mental health services of 201 African Americans, 18 years and older, are explored. One hundred and thirty-four females and 66 males participated in mixed sex focus groups conducted in an urban, Midwestern city. Discussion probes addressed participant perceptions of psychotherapists and psychotherapy,…

Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders; Akbar, Maysa D.; Bazile, Anita

326

Promotive Parenting Practices among African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine communication/reasoning, behavioral control, and trust as predictors of resourcefulness among African American children during middle childhood (6-12 years of age). Mothers who practice promotive socialization strategies are more likely to rear children who are socially competent and well adjusted.…

Williams-Wheeler, Meeshay

2011-01-01

327

Violent Behaviors among African-American Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the development of behaviors by using Erik Erikson's psychosocial developmental theory, with emphasis on adolescents. Examines factors, such as identity versus identity diffusion, that may be contributing to increasing acts of violence by African American adolescents. Other factors are examined that may contribute to increased violence.…

Garrett, Darhyl

1995-01-01

328

The Persistence of African American College Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the family dynamics of persistent African American college men. These students were typical Black males, not those pre-categorized as high-achieving or unprepared for college. The stories of participants revealed their strength, ambition, and intentions to successfully gain a baccalaureate degree. In general Black males are…

Beale, Tyson J.

2010-01-01

329

Promotive Parenting Practices among African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine communication/reasoning, behavioral control, and trust as predictors of resourcefulness among African American children during middle childhood (6-12 years of age). Mothers who practice promotive socialization strategies are more likely to rear children who are socially competent and well adjusted. Multiple…

Williams-Wheeler, Meeshay

2011-01-01

330

The African American Public Policy Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews actions of the 102nd Congress of particular interest to African Americans, including the (1) Domestic Marshall Plan House Resolution; (2) Unemployment Benefits extension; (3) Job Training Partnership Act; (4) Workplace Fairness Act; (5) Family and Medical Leave Act; and (6) Civil Rights Act of 1991. (SLD)|

McAlpine, Robert; And Others

1992-01-01

331

Breast masses in African American teenage girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of malignancy in breast lumps excised from African American teenagers.Methods: The authors reviewed the pathology records at King's County Hospital Center between January 1982 and December 1992. The pathology reports and charts of all patients who had breast masses excised during this period were reviewed. Data for this study

Mahmoud B. El-Tamer; Mark Song; Richard B. Wait

1999-01-01

332

Physical Activity Patterns of Urban African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed physical activity patterns in a sample of urban African Americans, whose participation in physical activity has not previously been well-described. From questions administered by interviewers during health fair screenings in 19 churches in East Baltimore, information regarding participation in regular, leisure-time activity (defined as 30 minutes of activity, 5 days per week), time spent walking on the

Deborah Rohm Young; Kevin W. Miller; Lora B. Wilder; Lisa R. Yanek; Diane M. Becker

1998-01-01

333

Strengths: African-American Children and Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is generally true that when people are deprived of their own cultural forms and are coerced into adopting the cultural forms of others, disorder, stress, and even disability will occur. Conversely, the basic strength of any people results from their experience of historical and cultural continuity. The strengths of African-American children…

Hilliard, Asa G., III

334

Predicting Non-African American Lesbian and Heterosexual Preadoptive Couples' Openness to Adopting an African American Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite increases in transracial adoption, African American children remain the least likely to be adopted. No research has examined the factors that predict prospective adopters' willingness to adopt an African American child. This study used multilevel modeling to examine predictors of willingness to adopt an African American child in a sample…

Goldberg, Abbie E.; Smith, JuliAnna Z.

2009-01-01

335

African American Athletes and the Negotiation of Public Spaces: An Examination of Athletic Capital and African American Perceptions of Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation explores the culture of sport among African American male football players as well as African American perspectives on sport and success. A case study of six African American, Division 1 FBS (Football Bowl Subdivision) collegiate student athletes was conducted along with seventeen supplemental interviews with community members, parents, coaches and former athletes and fans. The participants answered questions

Keona Lewis

2010-01-01

336

The Myth of Meritocracy and African American Health  

PubMed Central

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy—the belief that all may obtain the American Dream—and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans.

Meyer, Ilan H.

2010-01-01

337

The myth of meritocracy and African American health.  

PubMed

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy-the belief that all may obtain the American Dream-and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans. PMID:20724679

Kwate, Naa Oyo A; Meyer, Ilan H

2010-08-19

338

Socioeconomic profiles of native American communities: Duckwater Shoshone Reservation  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socioeconomic aspects of Native Americans of the Duckwater Shoshone Reservation. A survey is included concerning their views on the proposed Yucca Mountain waste repository. (CBS)

Hamby, M. [Cultural Resources Consultants Ltd., Reno, NV (United States)

1991-10-01

339

An African-American family with dystonia.  

PubMed

The genetic cause of late-onset focal and segmental dystonia remains unknown in most individuals. Recently, mutations in Thanatos-associated protein domain containing, apoptosis associated protein 1 (THAP1) have been described in DYT6 dystonia and associated with some cases of familial and sporadic late-onset dystonia in Caucasians. We are not aware of any previous descriptions of familial dystonia in African-Americans or reports of THAP1 mutations in African-Americans. Herein, we characterize an African-American (AA) kindred with late-onset primary dystonia, clinically and genetically. The clinical phenotype included cervical, laryngeal and hand-forearm dystonia. Symptoms were severe and disabling for several family members, whereas others only displayed mild signs. There were no accompanying motor or cognitive signs. In this kindred, age of onset ranged from 45 to 50 years and onset was frequently sudden, with symptoms developing within weeks or months. DYT1 was excluded as the cause of dystonia in this kindred. The entire genomic region of THAP1, including non-coding regions, was sequenced. We identified 13 sequence variants in THAP1, although none co-segregated with dystonia. A novel THAP1 variant (c.-237-3G>T/A) was found in 3/84 AA dystonia patient alleles and 3/212 AA control alleles, but not in 5870 Caucasian alleles. In summary, although previously unreported, familial primary dystonia does occur in African-Americans. Genetic analysis of the entire genomic region of THAP1 revealed a novel variant that was specific for African-Americans. Therefore, genetic testing for dystonia and future studies of candidate genes must take genetic background into consideration. PMID:21601506

Puschmann, Andreas; Xiao, Jianfeng; Bastian, Robert W; Searcy, Jill A; LeDoux, Mark S; Wszolek, Zbigniew K

2011-05-20

340

Alcohol abuse prevention in African-American communities.  

PubMed Central

Because of the devastating morbidity, mortality, and social dislocations associated with alcohol abuse in many African-American communities, the prevention of alcohol abuse represents a critical component of the public health agenda for African Americans. This article reviews African-American cultural issues pertinent to alcohol use and abuse and the information available regarding the excess medical and social complications experienced by African Americans secondary to alcohol abuse. Some recommendations are made for a specific research agenda for the prevention of alcohol abuse with relevance to African Americans.

Brown, L. S.

1993-01-01

341

American Indian and Alaska Native Education Research Agenda.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Education, under the direction of a Federal Interagency Task Force, was given the responsibility for developing a research agenda for American Indian and Alaska Native education in response to Executive Order 13096, American Indian ...

W. Strang A. van Glatz

2002-01-01

342

H-Afro-Am: African-American Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

H-Afro-Am is a new H-Net sponsored, moderated discussion list for professionals, faculty, and advanced students in African American Studies. The discussion list will focus on the African Diaspora, mainly on the US experience. H-Afro-Am is also the official voice of the Collegium for African American Research in Europe (CAAR), established in 1992 to promote African American scholarship from an international perspective.

1995-01-01

343

Uncovering the mystery: factors of African American suicide.  

PubMed

Traditionally, African Americans have registered lower rates of suicide than other ethnic groups. In the last 20 years this pattern has changed, particularly among young African Americans. To date, the research conducted regarding this phenomenon has been limited for a variety of reasons and previous research has been inconclusive in determining risk factors of African American suicide. The purpose of this paper is to identify risk and protective factors specific to African American suicide. To determine the factors, the 1993 National Mortality Follow-back Survey was analyzed. The risk factors identified include being under age 35, southern and northeastern residence, cocaine use, firearm presence in home, and threatening others with violence. Some of the protective factors associated with African American suicide include rural residence and educational attainment. These results provide valuable information about completed African American suicides in relation to Whites. Several of these factors are unique to African Americans. PMID:14695056

Willis, Leigh A; Coombs, David W; Drentea, Patricia; Cockerham, William C

2003-01-01

344

The African-American Legacy in American Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the contributions of African-American poetry to the development of English literature from the earliest Black orator through the works of Langston Hughes. Emphasizes the work of Phillis Wheatley, Paul Lawrence Dunbar,"The New Negro" writers, and Hughes. (FMW)

Abarry, Abu

1990-01-01

345

Assessment of the Status of African-Americans. Volume III: The Education of African-Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1987 a project was undertaken to assess the status of African Americans in the United States in the topical areas to be addressed by the National Research Council's Study Committee on the Status of Black Americans: education, employment, income and occupations, political participation and the administration of justice, social and cultural…

Willie, Charles V., Ed.; Garibaldi, Antoine M., Ed.; Reed, Wornie L., Ed.

346

Preserving Native American petroglyphs on porous sandstone  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A new method of chemical treatment is proposed to improve the durability of soft, porous sandstones onto which Native American petroglyphs have been carved. Cores of Dakota Sandstone from the Faris Cave site, located along the Smoky Hill River in Ellsworth County, Kansas, were treated with ethyl silicate dissolved in a lightweight ketone carrier, and some cores were subsequently treated with a combination of ethyl silicate and silane using the same solvent. Measurement of the resulting physical properties, when compared to untreated cores, indicate the treatments substantially increased the compressive strength and freeze-thaw resistance of the stone without discoloring the stone or completely sealing the pore system. The treatment increases the durability of the stone and provides a method for preserving the petroglyphs at the site. After treating test panels at the site, the petroglyphs were treated in like manner.

Grisafe, D. A.

1996-01-01

347

Environmental restoration by Native American tribes  

SciTech Connect

From time immemorial, Native American peoples have maintained a close physical and spiritual connection to the natural environment. Because the quality of the environment was critical to the sustenance and general well-being of tribal peoples, tribal governments developed customs and practices intended to minimize the impact of human activity on the environment. Several hundred years later, the U.S. Federal Government struggles to strike a balance between economic development and environmental protection. In many cases, the result is prescriptive statutes intended to prevent or avert substantial environmental impacts from commercial and industrial activities. Compliance-based behavioral limitations, however, are not always completely successful. This report discusses the natural resource damage assessment process which can be utilized by tribal governments fro environmental clean-up purposes.

Grijalva, J.M.

1994-12-31

348

Native Americans and state and local governments  

SciTech Connect

Native Americans` concerns arising from the possibility of establishment of a nuclear repository for high level wastes at Yucca Mountain fall principally into two main categories. First, the strongest objection to the repository comes from traditional Western Shoshones. Their objections are based on a claim that the Western Shoshones still own Yucca Mountain and also on the assertion that putting high level nuclear wastes into the ground is a violation of their religious views regarding nature. Second, there are several reservations around the Yucca Mountain site that might be affected in various ways by building of the repository. There is a question about how many such reservations there are, which can only be decided when more information is available. This report discusses two questions: the bearing of the continued vigorous assertion by traditionalist Western Shoshones of their land claim; and the extent to which Nevada state and local governments are able to understand and represent Indian viewpoints about Yucca Mountain.

Rusco, E.R. [Cultural Resources Consultants, Ltd. Reno, Nevada (United States)

1991-10-01

349

Approving communitization agreements covering Native American lands  

SciTech Connect

A series of recent cases in the US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit has created a great deal of confusion about the role of the Secretary of the Interior in approving oil and gas communitization agreements where Native American tribal or allotted lands are involved. In each case, the court was confronted with an operator who was attempting to extend an oil and gas lease covering tribal or allotted lands beyond its primary term by requesting to unitize the tribal or allotted lands with adjacent non-Native American lands on which a well had been drilled and completed or where drilling was taking place. All of the tribal and allotted leases involved in these cases contained {open_quotes}commence drilling{close_quotes} clauses, as well as {open_quotes}unit operation{close_quotes} clauses that authorized communitization of the lands covered by the leases with adjacent lands upon approval by the Secretary. While the Secretary clearly is required to approve communitization agreements covering tribal or allotted lands before such agreements are deemed effective, the scope of the Secretary`s approval authority has been the subject of continuing controversy. Communitization refers to the pooling of oil and gas interests in separate tracts, including federal and nonfederal properties, into a size sufficient to grant a well permit under applicable well-spacing rules. When lands have been communitized, production achieved on one oil and gas lease is allocated among all of the communitized leases. Thus, a lease of tribal or allotted lands that is communitized with a fee lease on which a producing well has been drilled is considered a producing lease even though there is no well on such lease. Such tribal or allotted lands lease therefore does not expire at the end of its stated primary term, but is extended until the well on the communitized land ceases to produce oil or gas in paying quantities. This article discusses the problem.

Hook, J. [Dorsey & Whitney, Denver, CO (United States)

1997-06-01

350

The relatively high prevalence of cardiovascular disease among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The death rate from heart and blood vessel disease among African Americans is 33.6% higher among African American men and 38.5% higher among African American women. (U.S. 2003: American Heart Association). Excessive rates of hypertension, psychosocial and socio-environmental stresses contribute to high rate of CVD morbidity and mortality in this population. According to Tennessee Primary Care Association in Davidson County,

Nonyerem Rosemary Anachebe

2009-01-01

351

Recruitment of American Indians and Alaska Natives Into Clinical Trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Challenges in recruiting American Indians and Alaska Natives into cancer clinical trials are addressed in this article. Researchers, health care providers, and American Indian and Alaska Native patients face significant communication barriers when prevention or treatment trials are designed or implemented. For researchers, the challenges lie in understanding the cultural distinctiveness of individual tribes, coping with the family orientation of

Felicia Schanche Hodge; Sheila Weinmann; Yvette Roubideaux

2000-01-01

352

Native American Women in Alcohol and Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol and other drug use is a serious problem among American Indian and Alaska Native women. However, information about their needs for treatment is lacking. In response, a study was conducted to document the life experiences and perceived recovery needs of American Indian and Alaska Native women at nine treatment centers nationwide. The data show that most of these women

MPH Project Director Sara Peterson

2002-01-01

353

Native American Women in Alcohol and Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Alcohol and other drug use is a serious problem among American Indian and Alaska Native women. However, information about their needs for treatment is lacking. In response, a study was conducted to document the life experiences and perceived recovery needs of American Indian and Alaska Native women at nine treatment centers nationwide. The data show that most of these women

Sara Peterson; Gale Berkowitz; Courtney Uhler Cart; Claire Brindis

2002-01-01

354

Renewable energy for federal facilities serving native Americans: preprint  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is targeting Federal facilities serving Native American populations for cost-effective renewable energy projects. These projects not only save energy and money, they also provide economic opportunities for the Native Americans who assist in producing, installing, operating, or maintaining the renewable energy systems obtained for the facilities. The

P. Eiffert; A. Sprunt Crawley; K. Bartow

2000-01-01

355

New Social Learning from Two Spirit Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors highlight connections between research on Two Spirit Native Americans and standard social studies curriculum. Two Spirit is a Pan-Indian term describing Native Americans who believe they embody both masculine and feminine characteristics/traits in one physical body. Findings from this research expand the field's…

Mayo, J. B., Jr.; Sheppard, Maia

2012-01-01

356

Social Skills Efficacy and Proactivity among Native American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses Native American urban adolescents' construal of social skills, and relationships between these skills and proactivity behaviors as identified in the Integrative Contextual Model of Career Development (Lapan, 2004). Recommendations that build upon the social skills strengths of Native American young people are included.…

Turner, Sherri L.; Conkel, Julia L.; Reich, Allison N.; Trotter, Michelle J.; Siewart, Jason J.

2006-01-01

357

Teaching Native American Students: What Every Teacher Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many Native American students have problems in traditional American schools--the dropout rate of these students indicates this. Research suggests that one reason may be a school district's neglect for the learning style or culture of this group. Research also suggests that traditional classroom environments often interfere with the way Native

Morgan, Hani

2010-01-01

358

Electroencephalographic responses to alcohol challenge in Native American Mission Indians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Native Americans have some of the highest rates of alcohol abuse and dependence, yet potential central nervous system risk factors responsible for the problem drinking seen in some tribes remain relatively unknown.Methods: Background electroencephalographic (EEG) variants and response to alcohol were investigated in 48 Native American Mission Indian men between 18 and 25 years old.Results: Subjects with 50% or

Cindy L Ehlers; Consuelo Garcia-Andrade; Tamara L Wall; David Cloutier; Evelyn Phillips

1999-01-01

359

Health Education Interventions among Native Americans: A Review and Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of 19 studies on Native Americans examined 12 focused on chronic conditions (diabetes, heart disease, substance abuse, fetal alcohol syndrome) and 7 on prevention (dental disease, prenatal/infant health, nutrition, HIV prevention, health promotion). Results showed Native Americans particularly at risk for diabetes and alcohol abuse and…

LeMaster, Pamela L.; Connell, Cathleen M.

1994-01-01

360

Give It Your Best! Profiles of Native American Athletes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this publication is to encourage and enhance the participation of American Indian and Alaska Native athletes in organized sports at the secondary, collegiate, and professional levels. Profiles are given of 37 young Native American women and men who are succeeding in competitive athletics, as well as in the classroom. One page is…

Coker, Russell; Kast, Sherry

361

Native American Education Program, 1982-83. OEE Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1982-83, the Native American Education Program provided after-school and summer session instruction and supportive services to approximately 450 Native American grade K-12 students scattered throughout New York City. Goals of visiting and interviewing 50% of the target population were realized, with 220 home visits made. Materials and…

Inman, Deborah

362

American Indian and Alaska Native Education Research Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Executive Order 13096 gave the U.S. Department of Education the responsibility for developing a research agenda for American Indian and Alaska Native education. The Department established a working group composed of various government agencies and American Indian groups, committees, and associations, that solicited ideas and comments from Native

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

363

It's about Family: Native American Student Persistence in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a study examining the similarities and differences between Native American student perceptions and the perceptions of state representatives, university presidents, and faculty about persistence factors and barriers to degree completion specific to Native American students at three land-grant universities in…

Guillory, Raphael M.; Wolverton, Mimi

2008-01-01

364

Native American Indian College Students: Implications for College Counseling Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counselors can enhance the development of Native-American college students by revisiting how they deliver services. Awareness of traditional Native-American values, interpretation of mental health, and indigenous healing practices is recommended. Content and process concerns in counseling are reviewed. (Author/JDM)

Herring, Roger D.

1998-01-01

365

Native Americans and Alcohol: Past, Present, and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native Americans have higher rates of alcohol use, frequency of use, and increased rates of fetal alcohol syndrome, compared with other ethnic groups (J. Hisnanick, 1992; P. A. May, 1996; J. M. Wallace et al., 2003). High prevalence rates of alcohol misuse among Native Americans must be understood in light of their unique history, which has resulted in trauma and

William J. Szlemko; James W. Wood; Pamela Jumper Thurman

2006-01-01

366

Native American Visual Vocabulary: Ways of Thinking and Living.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Visual literacy is a culturally-derived strength of Native American students. On a continent with more than 200 languages, Native Americans relied heavily on visual intelligence for trade and communication between tribes. Tribal people interpreted medicine paint, tattoos, and clothing styles to determine the social roles of those with whom they…

Dyc, Gloria; Milligan, Carolyn

367

'Wayward' Indians: The Social Construction of Native American Witchcraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between the breakdown of traditional ways of life and the eruption of witch-hunts among Native Americans is examined. This paper argues that Native American tribes experienced social disruption and a subsequent loss of autonomy as the federal government implemented policies that included a mix of acculturation, removal, and, in some cases, extermination. At the societal level, extensive contact

Jean Van Delinder

368

Nutritional Concerns in American Indian and Alaska Native Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nutritional health of American Indian and Alaska Native children has changed dramatically over the past 30 years. The prevention and treatment of malnutrition (primarily undernutrition) was a major health issue until the mid to late 1970s. Now, a generation later, obesity in American Indian and Alaska Native children is a major health threat. In 1969, the National Institutes of

MARY STORY; KAREN F STRAUSS; ELENORA ZEPHIER; BRENDA A BROUSSARD

1998-01-01

369

Early Childhood Education in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expansion of early childhood education for American Indians and Alaska Natives has reflected the trend in the larger society. While efforts are being made to improve early childhood care and education for all children, deeper issues must be considered by Native Americans. First among them is the long history of forced assimilation and…

Paul, Alice S.

370

Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention in a Rural Native American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nationally, the United States has a higher rate of teen pregnancy than any other industrialized nation. Native American youth have a higher birth rate than the national rate. A full-year healthy relationship program, based on Native American teachings, traditions, and cultural norms, was delivered to all eighth-grade students at a rural tribal…

Hagen, Janet W.; Skenandore, Alice H.; Scow, Beverly M.; Schanen, Jennifer G.; Clary, Frieda Hugo

2012-01-01

371

Reflections of Native American Teacher Education on Bear Ridge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines an elementary teacher education certification program delivered by a state university to Native American teacher aides on the reservation. Data were collected over two semesters using a Freirean critical theory framework to analyze the data and to explicate the problematic nature of Native American education. Analysis of the…

Locke, Steven

2004-01-01

372

Your Rights: A Handbook for Native American Youth in Arizona.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A handbook for Arizona Native Americans under 18 years old explains rights and responsibilities as young people, Native Americans, tribal members, and residents of Arizona. Rights are defined, ways of protecting rights outlined, and the fact that young people's rights are changing noted. Rights as a family member are discussed, as well as changes…

Dale, Michael; And Others

373

A Cultural Paradox: Elder Abuse in the Native American Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

An emerging cultural paradox in the Native American community is the long history of respect for elders and the emergence of elder abuse as a problem. Elders commonly hold a special and respected place in traditional Native American societies due largely to their experience, knowledge, wisdom, and power as dreamers, healers, and teachers. Although violence against other tribal members is

Tish Smyer; Michele C. Clark

2011-01-01

374

Behavioral Approaches to Illness Prevention for Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much evidence suggests that the health of Native Americans is worse than the health of America’s general population. In fact,\\u000a Native American people suffer inordinately from cancers linked to both behavioral and lifestyle patterns (Beauvais, Oetting, Wolf, & Edwards, 1989; “Cancer hits all time high, 1991;” Mao, Morrison, Semenciw, & Wigle, 1986; National Cancer Institute, 1986). Cancer is the third

Steven Schinke

375

The Role of Tribal Experiences in Shaping Native American Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relatively poor health and healthcare of Native Americans is well documented. However, the existing research does not adequately consider unique tribal experiences in shaping Native American health. Consequently, the purpose of this paper is to assess the role of tribes in explaining measures of healthcare and the perceptions of health-related problems. Employing interview data from 219 members of the

Joe Blankenau; John Comer; Joseph Nitzke; Wehnona Stabler

2010-01-01

376

American Indian/Alaska Native College Student Retention Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a qualitative study examining the similarities and differences between American Indian/Alaska Native student perceptions and the perceptions of state representatives, university presidents, and faculty about persistence factors and barriers to degree completion specific to American Indian/Alaska Native students…

Guillory, Raphael M.

2009-01-01

377

Native American Drinking: A Neglected Subject of Study and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that, although Native Americans show high rates of alcoholism, violence, suicide, and early death, these problems are seldom covered well in textbooks. Conducted content analysis of 26 textbooks on alcoholism and substance misuse. Found that only four provided detailed discussion of Native American drinking. Suggests need for greater…

Young, Thomas J.

1991-01-01

378

New Social Learning from Two Spirit Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors highlight connections between research on Two Spirit Native Americans and standard social studies curriculum. Two Spirit is a Pan-Indian term describing Native Americans who believe they embody both masculine and feminine characteristics/traits in one physical body. Findings from this research expand the field's…

Mayo, J. B., Jr.; Sheppard, Maia

2012-01-01

379

Anglo-American Jurisprudence and the Native American Tribal Quest for Religious Freedom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that Native American tribes encounter major legal problems in the practice of traditional religions due to differences between Native and Anglo American worldviews. Examines the ideology of civilization underlying values in American jurisprudence, foundations of American Indian law, and relevant constitutional law. Contains over 200…

Loftin, John D.

1989-01-01

380

Y chromosome polymorphisms in Native American and Siberian populations: identification of Native American Y chromosome haplotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have initiated a study of ancient male migrations from Siberia to the Americas using Y chromosome polymorphisms. The first\\u000a polymorphism examined, a C?T transition at nucleotide position 181 of the DYS199 locus, was previously reported only in Native\\u000a American populations. To investigate the origin of this DYS199 polymorphism, we screened Y chromosomes from a number of Siberian,\\u000a Asian, and

Jeffrey T. Lell; Michael D. Brown; Theodore G. Schurr; R. I. Sukernik; Yelena B. Starikovskaya; Antonio Torroni; Lorna G. Moore; Gary M. Troup; D. C. Wallace

1997-01-01

381

Psychiatric Symptomatology Among Alcoholics: Comparisons Between African Americans and Caucasians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data collected on 190 patients in a hospital-based substance abuse treatment center in a large midwestern city, this study compared psychiatric symptomatology between African Americans and Caucasians. Although the 2 groups were equivalent in consumption and frequency of usage, African-American alcoholics in the study used significantly more substances (beyond alcohol) than did Caucasians. With regard to psychiatric symptomatology, African

Thomas W. Pavkov; Mark P. McGovern; John S. Lyons; Eric S. Geffner

1992-01-01

382

African American Studies in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the future of African-American studies. African-American studies should be the home of free inquiry into the complexity of being of African descent in the world, rather than a closed-shop or a resurrected version of thought police. A true proliferation of ideologies and methodologies is required. (SLD)|

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr.

1992-01-01

383

Teaching Experiences of African American Educators in the Rural South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A scarcity of research exists regarding the voices of African American teachers who taught in the rural South. In this study, we report the life experiences, perceptions, thoughts, and feelings of three female African American educators as they pertain to their experiences teaching before, during, and after desegregation. Three female African

Polidore, Ellene; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2010-01-01

384

Injury prevention awareness in an urban Native American population.  

PubMed Central

The injury-related mortality rate for Native American children between the ages of 1 and 4 years is nearly three times that of the same age group in the general population. To assess injury prevention awareness in urban Native American families, we administered 39 age-appropriate questions from the Framingham Safety Survey to 50 Native American families and 100 other families and developed an answer scoring system to analyze and compare survey responses. Survey responses revealed that Native American families are less likely to keep small objects, household products, and medicines out of the reach of their children and to possess and understand the use of ipecac. Although urban Native-American families appear to be less aware of ingestion prevention practices than other urban families, these and other deficiencies in injury prevention awareness are more likely the result of factors related to their low-income status than to culturally based practices.

Hsu, J S; Williams, S D

1991-01-01

385

Sexual Health Counselor Preferences of African American and European American Women: A Brief Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American women (n = 42) and European American women (n = 46) were queried regarding their comfort level discussing various sexual health topics with hypothetical counselors who\\u000a were varied by race (African American vs. European American) or counseling value (culturally sensitive vs. knowledgeable).\\u000a Contrary to hypotheses, European American participants were more comfortable with the knowledgeable African American counselor\\u000a and the culturally sensitive European

Lauren Mizock; Yvonne Wells

2010-01-01

386

African-American Poetry, 1760-1900  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Utilizing software developed at the University of Chicago, this online database of African-American poetry is a fine resource for people looking for a compendium of poems by numerous notable 18th and 19th century African-American poets. First-time users will want to read the users manual, which explains the software used to design the database, and how to best utilize the available search engine, which allows for a number of detailed searching methods. The database itself contains 12 million words from a total of 86 works. Visitors looking to browse the online works should consult the bibliography section, as it contains a detailed description of the authors and works covered within the database. Visitors familiar with this genre will note the inclusion of many notable poets, including Paul Dunbar, James Corrothers, and Albery Allson Whitman.

387

Gambling Habits Among Aged African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a cross-sectional study we investigated the correlates of gambling habits among a sample of 80 independently living African-American elderly persons. The participants were selected from two Senior Citizen Centers that provide inexpensive or free pleasure trips from Los Angeles, California to gambling sites in Nevada. The data for this study were collected through face-to-face interviews conducted by three trained

Mohsen Bazargan; Shahrzad H. Bazargan; Mahfuja Akanda

2001-01-01

388

Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trichomonas vaginalis may be emerging as one of the most important cofac- tors in amplifying HIV transmission, particularly in African-American communi- ties of the United States. In a person co-infected with HIV, the pathology induced by T. vaginalis infection can increase HIV shedding. Trichomonas infection may also act to expand the portal of entry for HIV in an HIV-negative person.

Frank Sorvillo; Lisa Smith; Peter Kerndt; H Lawrence Ash

2001-01-01

389

African American Women Voters: Review Article  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews a book written by Lisa Nikol Nealy entitled: African American Women Voters: Racializing Religiosity, Political Consciousness and Progressive Political Action in U.S. Presidential\\u000a Elections from 1964 Through 2008 (2009). I extracted the following themes from the book: (1) the importance and influence of the Black church or religious\\u000a organizations and their leaders on the level of political

Amadu Jacky Kaba

2011-01-01

390

Stress and Quitting Among African American Smokers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between stress and the likelihood of quitting among 300 urban African American smokers\\u000a enrolled in the placebo arm of a controlled randomized trial assessing the efficacy of bupropion for smoking cessation. Participants\\u000a were predominantly female, middle-aged, and of lower income. Participants received 7 weeks of placebo treatment and counseling\\u000a as well as a self-help guide.

Brian K. Manning; Delwyn Catley; Kari Jo Harris; Matthew S. Mayo; Jasjit S. Ahluwalia

2005-01-01

391

Do Reservation Native Americans Vote with Their Feet? A Re-examination of Native American Migration, 1985-1990  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native Americans suffer some of the highest rates of poverty and unemployment and the lowest rates of human capital attainment among racial minority groups in the United States, but economists understand very little about the impact these conditions have on the migration patterns of Native Americans. In 1994, a seminal article on this topic appeared in this journal (Cebula and

Elizabeth Zahrt Geib

2001-01-01

392

75 FR 14390 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-C-07] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...announcing a meeting of the Native American Housing Assistance & Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-03-25

393

20 CFR 632.10 - Eligibility requirements for designation as a Native American grantee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirements for designation as a Native American grantee. 632.10 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.10...

2009-04-01

394

77 FR 57544 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 1996: Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5650-N-02] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Grant program authorized by the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2012-09-18

395

75 FR 29964 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-N-09] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-05-28

396

20 CFR 632.10 - Eligibility requirements for designation as a Native American grantee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirements for designation as a Native American grantee. 632.10 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.10...

2010-04-01

397

40 CFR 255.33 - Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations. 255.33 Section...Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations. Major Federal facilities and Native American Reservations should be...

2013-07-01

398

75 FR 13243 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-N-06] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-03-19

399

75 FR 19920 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-N-08] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-04-16

400

75 FR 7559 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-N-05] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-02-22

401

38 CFR 36.4527 - Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands. 36...4527 Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands. ...make a direct housing loan to a Native American veteran if: (1) The...

2013-07-01

402

76 FR 39007 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations- Definition of “Indian Tribe”  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Part 10 RIN 1024-AD98 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations...regulations implementing the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA...implementation of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act,...

2011-07-05

403

75 FR 65030 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Nomination Solicitation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Park Service Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee...Interior. ACTION: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee...for two members of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review...

2010-10-21

404

77 FR 12875 - Proposed Information Collection; Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Regulations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Regulations...Number ``1024- 0144, Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Regulations...INFORMATION: I. Abstract The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...

2012-03-02

405

48 CFR 352.242-72 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. 352...Clauses 352.242-72 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. As...the following clause: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...

2010-10-01

406

77 FR 74874 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2200-1100-665] Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee...telephonic meeting of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee...telephonic meeting of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review...

2012-12-18

407

48 CFR 352.270-16 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. 352...Clauses 352.270-16 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...regardless of dollar amount: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...

2009-10-01

408

48 CFR 352.242-72 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. 352...Clauses 352.242-72 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. As...the following clause: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...

2011-10-01

409

20 CFR 632.35 - Native American grantee contracts and subgrants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...extent feasible, Native American Indian grantees shall...or subgrant made by a Native American grantee shall require...regardless of age, religion or sex and that the...requirements established by the Native American grantee. All...

2010-04-01

410

20 CFR 632.35 - Native American grantee contracts and subgrants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...extent feasible, Native American Indian grantees shall...or subgrant made by a Native American grantee shall require...regardless of age, religion or sex and that the...requirements established by the Native American grantee. All...

2009-04-01

411

Health, Human Capital, and African American Migration Before 1910  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first paper to document the effect of health on the migration propensities of African Americans in the American past. Using both IPUMS and the Colored Troops Sample of the Civil War Union Army Data, I estimate the effects of literacy and health on the migration propensities of African Americans from 1870 to 1910. I find that literacy

Trevon D. Logan

2008-01-01

412

Racism as a stressor for African Americans: A biopsychosocial model  

Microsoft Academic Search

iven the historical and contemporary existence of racism in American society, one might suspect there would be an equally substantial literature examining the effects of racism on African Americans. Yet, research exploring the biological, psychological, and social effects of racism among African Americans is virtually nonexistent. The purpose of this article was threefold: (a) to provide a brief overview of

Rodney Clark; Norman B. Anderson; Vernessa R. Clark; David R. Williams

1999-01-01

413

Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms among African American Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18-34), middle (35-54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method: Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results: Discrimination was significantly…

Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

2011-01-01

414

Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms among African American Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18-34), middle (35-54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method: Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results: Discrimination was significantly…

Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

2011-01-01

415

Prevalence of Eating Disorders Among African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was the first to establish Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV;American Psychiatric Association, 1994) prevalence rates for eating disorders by targeting an entire sample of African American college women. Participants were 413 African American women enrolled at a large, predominantly Caucasian public university in the midwestern United States. Participants were given the Questionnaire for Eating Disorder

Amy M. Mulholland; Laurie B. Mintz

2001-01-01

416

Native American Initiative Short Course Management Plan  

SciTech Connect

A training program is outlined for members of Native American tribes having an interest in working in the oil and gas industry. Also, the program will assist tribes whose lands have oil and gas resources to become more familiar with the industry and technology necessary to develop their resources. The proposed program will contribute to meeting the goals of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Domestic Oil and Gas Initiative to help Native American tribes become more self-sufficient in developing and managing their resources through training in cost-effective, improved technologies for hydrocarbon production that will meet environmental regulations. The training program outlined is for adult tribal representatives who are responsible for managing tribal mineral holdings or setting policy, or who work in the oil and gas industry. The course content is in response to a survey that was developed by BDM-Oklahoma and sent in the spring of 1995 to 26 tribes or tribal agencies which were identified through previous contact with DOE. Tribes were asked to indicate course content needs, levels, preferred time of year, and location. Six tribes responded with specific recommendations and needs. These tribes include the Osage, Creek, Pueblo, Cherokee, St. Regis Mohawk, Northern Arapaho, and Ute Mountain Ute. The results of the survey are included in a table.The training will be conducted at various locations by BDM-Oklahoma technical staff, which , includes geologists, exploration and drilling specialists, oil and gas production specialists, environmental policy specialists, and contract specialists. The proposed training schedule offers three workshops per year and includes those courses identified in the survey by the tribes. The schedule initially proposed in April 1995 has been modified in order to offer training identified by the tribes in the most cost-effective manner. Participants will be able to take two courses, and travel costs will be minimized. A schedule is included in Table 2-1. Contracts have been initiated with several tribes to schedule a training workshop at various tribal locations. Currently, discussions are underway with the Hopi, Ute, Apache, and Osage tribes. Each of the tribal leaders are presenting the training program to their respective councils. The training offered will be a continuation of the workshop started in October, 1996. Modifications to the course content will be integrated into the presentations to meet specific tribal needs. These special technology needs will be identified through discussions with tribal leaders and council members.

Carroll, H.B.

1999-04-27

417

Custodial evaluations of Native American families: implications for forensic psychiatrists.  

PubMed

Native American children in the United States have been adopted by non-Indian families at rates that threaten the preservation of their Indian history, traditions, and culture. The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), which established restrictive parameters that govern the placement of Native American children into foster care and adoptive homes, was ratified in an effort to keep American Indian families intact. This article addresses matters of importance to psychiatrists who conduct custody evaluations of Native American children and families. A summary of events that preceded enactment of the ICWA is given, along with guidelines for forensic psychiatrists who conduct foster and adoptive care evaluations of Native American children. We use clinical vignettes to illustrate how the ICWA informs the custody evaluation process as well as approaches to cultural concerns, including biases that forensic evaluators may encounter during these evaluations. PMID:21156915

Wills, Cheryl D; Norris, Donna M

2010-01-01

418

Gender role socialization in african american men: A conceptual framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

From educational institutions to the media, images about African American men are transmitted throughout society with few,\\u000a if any, positive portrayals. These myths, misconceptions, and stereotypes have been carried over to the developmental and\\u000a socialization processes experienced by African American men. More systematic and comprehensive ways of explaining the plight\\u000a of the African American male are needed in his quest

George T. Rowan; Eugene Pernell; Timothy A. Akers

1996-01-01

419

Exploring School Engagement of Middle-Class African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the scarcity of knowledge about middle-class African American adoles- cents, the present study explored psychological and parental factors in relation to ac- ademic performance. The participants were 336 middle-class African American stu- dents and their biological mothers. The findings suggest that for African American middle-class adolescents, educational expectations and school engagement have the strongest relation to academic performance.

Selcuk R. Sirin; Lauren Rogers-Sirin

2004-01-01

420

Dietary fat intake among urban, African American adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined commonly consumed high-fat food sources to estimate dietary fat intake among 314 urban, African American adolescents (mean age (SD)=12.57 (.98) years; 66% female; 91% African American non-Hispanic; and 9% African American Hispanic). Youths' fat intake was measured using the Block Fat Screener. Most (77%) participants had diets very high in fat (i.e., 40% to 50% of energy).

Jennifer Di Noia; Steven P. Schinke; Isobel R. Contento

2008-01-01

421

Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder in African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in African American youth. Tackling the myths and misinformation\\u000a surrounding ADHD in the African American community can be one of the most difficult issues in mental illness circles. There\\u000a is a lot of conflicting information about how African Americans are diagnosed, examined, and treated. This article clarifies\\u000a some of the misconceptions and offers some

Rahn K. Bailey; Shahid Ali; Shagufta Jabeen; Hilary Akpudo; Jaymie U. Avenido; Theresa Bailey; Jessica Lyons; Amelia A. Whitehead

2010-01-01

422

Anxiety disorders in African-American and white children  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are little available data on African-American children with anxiety disorders. Treatment-seeking African-American (n=30) and white children (n=139), with a current DSM-III-R anxiety disorder, were compared on sociodemographic background variables, clinical characteristics, and lifetime rates of specific DSM-III-R anxiety disorders. Overall, results suggested that the anxiety-disordered African-American and white children who sought treatment from an outpatient mental health facility were

Cynthia G. Last; Sean Perrin

1993-01-01

423

Renal perfusion and function in healthy African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renal perfusion and function in healthy African Americans.BackgroundDespite their increased risk of nephropathy, remarkably little is known about renal perfusion and function in healthy African Americans.MethodsWe enrolled 32 healthy African Americans and compared renal perfusion and function in 82 age-matched healthy Caucasians. Studies were performed on a diet containing 200 mmol of sodium and 100 mmol of potassium per day.

Deborah A Price; Naomi D L Fisher; Suzette Y Osei; Maria Cecilia Lansang; Norman K Hollenberg

2001-01-01

424

Health Attitudes and Behaviors of African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans continue to die disproportionately from chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and heart disease.\\u000a Eating fruits and vegetables have been shown to reduce those risks yet little is known about the health attitudes of African\\u000a American adolescents and their eating habits and engagement in physical activity. A survey was administered to African American\\u000a adolescents in a Midwestern city

Rhonda K. Lewis-Moss; Angelia Paschal; Michelle Redmond; B. Lee Green; Chakema Carmack

2008-01-01

425

A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans.BackgroundThere is substantial evidence for a genetic contribution to diabetic nephropathy susceptibility in the African American population, but little is known about location or identity of susceptibility genes.MethodsDNA samples were collected from 206 type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD)\\/nephropathy-affected sib pairs from 166 African American families (355 affected individuals).

DONALD W BOWDEN; CARLA J COLICIGNO; CARL D LANGEFELD; MICHÈLE M SALE; ADRIENNE WILLIAMS; PAMELA J ANDERSON; STEPHEN S RICH; BARRY I FREEDMAN

2004-01-01

426

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a Native American journey to prevention.  

PubMed

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, the most common preventable cause for mental retardation, is the result of prenatal alcohol exposure. There is no safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy. Native Americans have a higher risk of alcohol abuse than the general U.S. population. The fetal alcohol spectrum disorders prevalence rates for Native Americans range from 1.0 to 8.97 per 1000 births. Nurses and health care providers working in collaboration with tribal fetal alcohol spectrum disorders prevention specialists can greatly, and positively, impact the physical and mental health and well-being of children in Native American communities. PMID:21633217

Beckett, Cynthia D

427

A Descriptive Study of Intercultural Communication between Native American and Anglo-American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 25 male college students (14 Native Americans, 11 Anglo Americans) assessed the role of culturally-differing communications behavior in the dropout rate of Native American students (while the students want an education, they also wish to retain their cultural identity, and equate class participation with assimilation into non-Indian…

Kennan, William R.; And Others

428

The landscape of recombination in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Recombination, together with mutation, is the ultimate source of genetic variation in populations. We leverage the recent mixture of people of African and European ancestry in the Americas to build a genetic map measuring the probability of crossing-over at each position in the genome, based on about 2.1 million crossovers in 30,000 unrelated African Americans. At intervals of more than three megabases it is nearly identical to a map built in Europeans. At finer scales it differs significantly, and we identify about 2,500 recombination hotspots that are active in people of West African ancestry but nearly inactive in Europeans. The probability of a crossover at these hotspots is almost fully controlled by the alleles an individual carries at PRDM9 (P<10?245). We identify a 17 base pair DNA sequence motif that is enriched in these hotspots, and is an excellent match to the predicted binding target of African-enriched alleles of PRDM9.

Hinch, Anjali G.; Tandon, Arti; Patterson, Nick; Song, Yunli; Rohland, Nadin; Palmer, Cameron D.; Chen, Gary K.; Wang, Kai; Buxbaum, Sarah G.; Akylbekova, Meggie; Aldrich, Melinda C.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; Amos, Christopher; Bandera, Elisa V.; Berndt, Sonja I.; Bernstein, Leslie; Blot, William J.; Bock, Cathryn H.; Boerwinkle, Eric; Cai, Qiuyin; Caporaso, Neil; Casey, Graham; Cupples, L. Adrienne; Deming, Sandra L.; Diver, W. Ryan; Divers, Jasmin; Fornage, Myriam; Gillanders, Elizabeth M.; Glessner, Joseph; Harris, Curtis C.; Hu, Jennifer J.; Ingles, Sue A.; Isaacs, Williams; John, Esther M.; Kao, W. H. Linda; Keating, Brendan; Kittles, Rick A.; Kolonel, Laurence N.; Larkin, Emma; Le Marchand, Loic; McNeill, Lorna H.; Millikan, Robert C.; Murphy, Adam; Musani, Solomon; Neslund-Dudas, Christine; Nyante, Sarah; Papanicolaou, George J.; Press, Michael F.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Reiner, Alex P.; Rich, Stephen S.; Rodriguez-Gil, Jorge L.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Rybicki, Benjamin A.; Schwartz, Ann G.; Signorello, Lisa B.; Spitz, Margaret; Strom, Sara S.; Thun, Michael J.; Tucker, Margaret A.; Wang, Zhaoming; Wiencke, John K.; Witte, John S.; Wrensch, Margaret; Wu, Xifeng; Yamamura, Yuko; Zanetti, Krista A.; Zheng, Wei; Ziegler, Regina G.; Zhu, Xiaofeng; Redline, Susan; Hirschhorn, Joel N.; Henderson, Brian E.; Taylor, Herman A.; Price, Alkes L.; Hakonarson, Hakon; Chanock, Stephen J.; Haiman, Christopher A.; Wilson, James G.; Reich, David; Myers, Simon R.

2011-01-01

429

Metabolic syndrome in African Americans: views on making lifestyle changes.  

PubMed

This study explores African American adults' understanding of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and their motivations for making lifestyle changes. African Americans have a greater risk for components of MetS, such as hypertension. Three focus groups were conducted with African American adults (n = 11) with MetS. Content analysis revealed five themes: Threat of Poor Health, Building Trust With Providers, Gaining Social Support, Seeking Culturally Acceptable Alternatives, and Getting on Track and Staying on Track. Lifestyle interventions for African Americans with MetS need to focus on building trust, developing self-monitoring skills, social support, and identifying low-cost/convenient opportunities for physical activity. PMID:20220030

Kirkendoll, Kenya; Clark, Patricia C; Grossniklaus, Daurice; Igho-Pemu, Pricilla; Mullis, Rebecca; Dunbar, Sandra B

2010-04-01

430

African American Women’s Preparation for Childbirth From the Perspective of African American Health-Care Providers  

PubMed Central

Preparation for birthing has focused primarily on Caucasian women. No studies have explored African American women’s birth preparation. From the perceptions of 12 African American maternity health-care providers, this study elicited perceptions of the ways in which pregnant African American women prepare for childbirth. Focus group participants answered seven semistructured questions. Four themes emerged: connecting with nurturers, traversing an unresponsive system, the need to be strong, and childbirth classes not a priority. Recommendations for nurses and childbirth educators include: (a) self-awareness of attitudes toward African Americans, (b) empowering of clients for birthing, (c) recognition of the role that pregnant women’s mothers play, (d) tailoring of childbirth classes for African American women, and (e) research on how racism influences pregnant African American women’s preparation for birthing.

Abbyad, Christine; Robertson, Trina Reed

2011-01-01

431

Fiscal Year 2006 Report to Congress on the Impact and Effectiveness of Administration for Native Americans Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Administration for Native Americans (ANA) promotes economic and social self-sufficiency for American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and Native American Pacific Islanders (including American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of Northern Mar...

2006-01-01

432

45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section 1336...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS...

2009-10-01

433

45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section 1336...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS...

2010-10-01

434

Microevolution of African American dental morphology.  

PubMed

The African American (AA) gene pool is primarily the result of gene flow between two biologically disparate groups: West Africans (WA) and Americans of western European descent (EA). This research utilizes characteristics of dental morphology to trace genetic relationships among WA, western Europeans (EU), AA, and European Americans. Dental morphological traits are useful for this purpose because they are heritable, do not remodel during life (although they can be lost to wear or pathology), and can be compared equally among samples from past and present populations. The results of this research provide new information about human microevolution through time and space in a biocultural setting. The mean measure of divergence is used to analyze dental morphological data from 1,265 individuals in 25 samples grouped by ancestry and time. Three hypotheses associated with admixture in AA are tested. When compared with known history, results from dental morphological data are equivocal in documenting admixture in AA. Dental morphological traits do appear to reflect admixture in AA. However, changes in trait frequencies do not closely correspond with important cultural events and trends such as the institutionalized racism of the Civil War and Jim Crow era. Results are mixed concerning whether AA with greater admixture were more likely to take part in the Great Migration to southern urban centers and to the North. PMID:17243125

Edgar, Heather J H

2007-04-01

435

Alcohol-Related Consequences in African American and European American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 50% of college students report a heavy drinking episode in the past 2 weeks. This pattern of heavy episodic drinking places them at risk for experiencing alcohol-related problems. In addition, important ethnic differences exist between European American and African American college students in terms of drinking. European American college students report consuming more alcohol than African American college students,

Jessica R. Skidmore; James G. Murphy; Matthew Martens; Ashley A. Dennhardt

2012-01-01

436

Using the Moral Vision of African American Stories to Empower Low-Income African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of in-depth interviews with 30 low-income African American mothers who told their children Brer Rabbit stories, this article discusses the moral values the women conveyed. During sto rytelling, the women distanced themselves from Christian views of the absolute evil of tricks to interpret Brer Rabbit's tricks as clever and protective of the small and defenseless. Intervention strategies

Annie Ruth Leslie

1998-01-01

437

An Annotated Bibliography of Reference Sources on African American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists a sample of materials on African-American women available at the Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection of Temple University (Pennsylvania). Focuses on sources of biographical data and various types of anthologies. (MMU)|

Berhanu, Aslaku

1998-01-01

438

Decline of African American Enlistment in the United States Army.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph will argue that Black Americans, who have historically enlisted in the Army in overwhelming proportions with respect to national populations, are now pursuing other opportunities outside of the Army. The U.S. Army and African Americans have...

A. A. Neal

2008-01-01

439

The Impact of Menthol on Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Americans, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders, and the Need for Social Justice TPSAC, July 16, 2010 Rod Lew, MPH ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

440

Missouri National Recreational River: Native American Cultural Resources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An inventory of known and identifiable cultural resources referrable to Native American populations was undertaken for a corridor along the new Missouri National Recreational River, roughly from Gavin's Point Dam to Ponca, Nebraska. These resources includ...

J. Ludwickson D. Blakeslee J. O'Shea

1981-01-01

441

Booklist for Educators: Native Americans of the Southwest  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This booklist for educators has five books that are recommended for learning more about Native Americans of the Southwest. A short description is given for each title, along with author name and publisher.

442

78 FR 60861 - Native American Tribal Insignia Database  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office Native American Tribal Insignia Database ACTION: Proposed collection; comment...maintain an accurate and comprehensive database containing the official insignia of all...Appropriations directed the USPTO to create this database. The USPTO database of official...

2013-10-02

443

76 FR 68623 - National Native American Heritage Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ensuring tribal nations have a voice in shaping national...Indians and Alaska Natives have meaningful opportunities to pursue their dreams, we are forging a brighter future for the...Americans. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA,...

2011-11-04

444

Characteristics of Native American WIC Participants, On and Off Reservations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study describes Native American participation in the WIC Program. The study is based on data collected by the biennial WIC Participant and Program Characteristics Studies in 1992, 1994, 1996, and 1998. WIC is the Special Supplemental Nutrition Progra...

N. Cole

2002-01-01

445

Native Americans and cancer risks: moving toward multifaceted solutions.  

PubMed

Native Americans experience some of the poorest health statistics of any people in the United States, including rising cancer risks. If we are to truly understand and address health concerns among Native Americans, we need multifaceted interventions and policy solutions. Much of the current attention to Native American health issues examines behavioral health patterns and related interventions (that is, smoking rates and programs to moderate them). While such programs are necessary, they are not sufficient. It is imperative that the impact of the environment, including toxic waste exposure, be considered when examining cancer risk and moving toward solutions that reduce that risk for Native Americans. This article examines cancer risk factors related to both health behaviors and the physical environment. By examining these two areas, we can begin to understand the risks and move toward appropriate programmatic and policy solutions. PMID:20446175

Weaver, Hilary N

2010-05-01

446

Native American undergraduate students' persistence intentions: a psychosociocultural perspective.  

PubMed

Attending to persistence intentions among Native American students enrolled in institutions of higher education is critical, given low retention rates. The purpose of the study was twofold: (a) we developed and examined the psychometric properties of a new measure, the Native American Collective Pursuits of Education (NACOPE), and (b) we explored persistence attitudes among 156 Native American students using Gloria and Rodriguez's (2000) psychosociocultural framework. Pilot data and exploratory analysis supported the psychometric properties of the NACOPE and its use to understand educational experiences for Native American students. Results also supported the prediction of culturally relevant noncognitive variables to persistence intentions. Limitations, directions for future research, and implications for higher education are discussed. PMID:23647332

Thompson, Mindi N; Johnson-Jennings, Michelle; Nitzarim, Rachel S

2013-04-01

447

Diabetes Epidemic among American Indians and Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

The Diabetes Epidemic Among American Indians and Alaska Natives WHAT IS DIABETES? ? Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, ...

448

Violence Prevention Among African American Adolescent Males  

PubMed Central

Objective To test psychosocial mediators of the effects of an intervention in reducing the rate of growth of violence among adolescents. Method Five hundred and seventy-one African American adolescent males participated in this randomized trial. Multilevel modeling techniques were used to ascertain both intervention and mediated effects. Results Intervention significantly reduced rate of growth of violence and 5 social and psychological factors in the treatment group relative to the control group. Four of these social and psychological factors were found to be complete mediators between the intervention and its preventive effects. Conclusion Changing psychological mediating variables is central to reducing youth violence.

Ngwe, Job E.; Liu, Li C.; Flay, Brian R.; Segawa, Eisuke

2009-01-01

449

A culturally competent model of care for African Americans.  

PubMed

African Americans are one of the largest ethnic groups in the United States. Data from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census (2001) reveal that there are approximately 34,333,000 African Americans residing in the United States, representing 12.1% of the total population. The African-American population is expected to increase to 40.2 million by 2010 (American Demographics, Inc., 1991). Health disparities among the African-American population include life expectancy, heart disease, hypertension, infant morality and morbidity rates, cancer, HIV/AIDS, violence, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and asthma. The purpose of this article is to address the issue of health disparities among African Americans by providing nurses with a practice model of cultural competence. PMID:19331277

Campinha-Bacote, Josepha

450

The Impact of Financial Aid on Native American Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how federal financial aid packages affect college persistence of Native Americans including packages with the Oklahoma's Promise grant. Using a state dataset that includes student-level data for the 2002–2006 time span in the state of Oklahoma, this study showed that motivated Native American women with income above $40,000 thrive in postsecondary education. In addition, students with financial

Jesse P. Mendez; Pilar Mendoza; Zaria Malcolm

2011-01-01

451

Rheumatic disease in native american children: Opportunities and challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rheumatic diseases are prevalent in Native American adults at rates five to seven times higher than those seen in the Caucasian\\u000a population. Little, however, has been published concerning rheumatic diseases in Native American children. The authors’ work\\u000a in Oklahoma and with tribes on the northern Great Plains demonstrates high rates of childhood-onset rheumatic disease in this\\u000a population. Familial disease is

James N. Jarvis; Sophia Y. Cleland

2003-01-01

452

Ancient Fermilab: The Mier Collection of Native American Artifacts  

SciTech Connect

August Mier's collection of artifacts from Fermilab property and elsewhere in the Fox River valley provides perspective on ancient lifeways in this area. This slide-illustrated lecture explores the development of Native American culture in the region and how archaeologists use technology developed in other fields to explore the past. From hunting now-extinct Ice-Age mastodon to the development of agriculture, the history of Native American culture sheds light on the development of humanity in general.

Wiant, Michael D. (Illinois State Museum)

2002-09-25

453

Getting Past Our Myths and Stereotypes about Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most Americans are not very familiar with the first peoples of the Americas. Though some might argue that it is wholly unnecessary to have any knowledge about Native peoples, most would probably agree that some exposure to Native perspectives is a good thing for students. In this article, the author offers his perspective on the most important…

Fleming, Walter C.

2007-01-01

454

Getting Past Our Myths and Stereotypes about Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most Americans are not very familiar with the first peoples of the Americas. Though some might argue that it is wholly unnecessary to have any knowledge about Native peoples, most would probably agree that some exposure to Native perspectives is a good thing for students. In this article, the author offers his perspective on the most important…

Fleming, Walter C.

2007-01-01

455

77 FR 66527 - National Native American Heritage Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Alaska Natives have profoundly shaped...and Alaska Natives have enriched our Nation...pursue the American dream. In paying tribute...shared history that have been marred by violence...together to forge a brighter future...is why, in 2009, I signed a...

2012-11-06

456

The Need for Cultural Awareness in Native American Sex Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Increased pregnancies among Native American adolescents emphasizes the need for a more comprehensive approach to sex education. Incorporation of cultural awareness in sex education could improve self-concept among Native adolescents and help them reconcile the cognitive, socialization, and situational dimensions of sexual decision making.…

Ponzetti, James J., Jr.; Abrahamson, Rose Ann

1990-01-01

457

Women of Hope: Native American/Hawaiian. Study Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study guide accompanies a poster series and documentary video about 12 American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian "women of hope." The women vary by age, education, profession, and geographic locale, but they share an unwavering commitment and dedication to their people's struggle to survive and flourish as distinct cultures. The…

Hirschfelder, Arlene; Molin, Paulette Fairbanks; Oneita, Kathryn; Wakim, Yvonne B.

458

Native Americans of California and Nevada. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is designed to provide an introductory synthesis of the history and sociocultural evolution of Native American peoples in the Far West, with strong emphasis on California and Nevada. The book focuses particularly on those historical and cultural experiences likely to have contributed to the present conditions of Native communities and…

Forbes, Jack D.

459

The environmental, ecological, and traditional science of Alaska Natives\\/Native Americans, past and present  

Microsoft Academic Search

To explore the ecological, environmental, cultural, and traditional science of Alaska Native and Native American knowledge, one must examine past and present examples of the knowledge and skills of indigenous people in maintaining a balance between the use of natural resources and the protection and conservation of the environment. There is a need for a more holistic and harmonic balance

Jorgensen

1994-01-01

460

Genome-wide patterns of population structure and admixture in West Africans and African Americans  

PubMed Central

Quantifying patterns of population structure in Africans and African Americans illuminates the history of human populations and is critical for undertaking medical genomic studies on a global scale. To obtain a fine-scale genome-wide perspective of ancestry, we analyze Affymetrix GeneChip 500K genotype data from African Americans (n = 365) and individuals with ancestry from West Africa (n = 203 from 12 populations) and Europe (n = 400 from 42 countries). We find that population structure within the West African sample reflects primarily language and secondarily geographical distance, echoing the Bantu expansion. Among African Americans, analysis of genomic admixture by a principal component-based approach indicates that the median proportion of European ancestry is 18.5% (25th–75th percentiles: 11.6–27.7%), with very large variation among individuals. In the African-American sample as a whole, few autosomal regions showed exceptionally high or low mean African ancestry, but the X chromosome showed elevated levels of African ancestry, consistent with a sex-biased pattern of gene flow with an excess of European male and African female ancestry. We also find that genomic profiles of individual African Americans afford personalized ancestry reconstructions differentiating ancient vs. recent European and African ancestry. Finally, patterns of genetic similarity among inferred African segments of African-American genomes and genomes of contemporary African populations included in this study suggest African ancestry is most similar to non-Bantu Niger-Kordofanian-speaking populations, consistent with historical documents of the African Diaspora and trans-Atlantic slave trade.

Bryc, Katarzyna; Auton, Adam; Nelson, Matthew R.; Oksenberg, Jorge R.; Hauser, Stephen L.; Williams, Scott; Froment, Alain; Bodo, Jean-Marie; Wambebe, Charles; Tishkoff, Sarah A.; Bustamante, Carlos D.

2009-01-01

461

African American Parents' HPV Vaccination Intent and Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes attitudes and social and environmental factors that affect African American parents’ intent to vaccinate their daughters against human papillomavirus (HPV). Thirty African American parents of daughters aged nine to 17 years and no history of HPV infection completed semi-structured interviews. Interviews addressed factors that influenced intent to vaccinate, perception of community norms related to vaccination, vaccination scenarios

Vetta L. Sanders Thompson; Lauren D. Arnold; Sheri R. Notaro

2012-01-01

462

African American Parental Involvement in Their Children's Middle School Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence African American parents' involvement in their children's middle school experiences. Two focus group interviews were conducted with African American parents. While the participants viewed parent involvement as important, they reported that family structure and socioeconomic…

Archer-Banks, Diane A. M.; Behar-Horenstein, Linda S.

2008-01-01

463

Brother to Brother: Success for African-American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses Brother to Brother, a program designed to help African-American men stay in college and graduate. St. Petersburg College formed this program seven years ago as a means not only of recruiting male African-American students, but also to identify issues that cause them to be at risk for dropping out and to use retention…

Henningsen, Stephanie

2005-01-01

464

Community Reciprocity in the Work of African-American Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scholarship on historical and contemporary African-American teachers highlights the emphasis on community connections in their work. As such, the scholarship portrays African-American teachers almost exclusively as "givers" without fully considering what teachers derive from community connections. This paper describes a qualitative study in…

Dingus, Jeannine

2006-01-01

465

Serving African American Children: Child Welfare Perspectives Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection brings together articles by African American authors who are committed to research, policies, and programs affecting African American children and families. The articles are grouped into sections on policy, research, and practice issues; clinical techniques and treatment models; and new perspectives in child welfare. The following…

Jackson, Sondra, Ed.; Brissett-Chapman, Sheryl, Ed.

466

Urban African American PreAdolescent Social Problem Solving Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of two studies focusing on the social problem solving skills of African American preadolescent youth are detailed. In the first study data from a sample of 150 African American children, ages 9 to 11 years, was used to examine the association between type of youth social problem solving approaches applied to hypothetical risk situations and time spent in

Dorian E. Traube; Kelly Taber Chasse; Mary M. McKay; Anjali M. Bhorade; Roberta Paikoff; Stacie D. Young

2007-01-01

467

African Americans Respond Poorly to Hepatitis C Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|African Americans have a significantly lower response rate to treatment for chronic hepatitis C than non-Hispanic Whites, according to a new study led by Duke University Medical Center researchers. Some African Americans--19 percent--did respond to the drug combination of peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin. But in non-Hispanic Whites with the…

Black Issues in Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

468

Judgement Accuracy in Body Preferences among African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined whether African Americans accurately estimated levels of thinness preferred by the opposite gender. College students rated pictures of figures approximating their current figure, their ideal figure, the figure most likely to attract the opposite gender, and the opposite gender figure they found most attractive. African American women…

Patel, Kushal A.; Gray, James J.

2001-01-01

469

Psychosocial Correlates of Smoking Trajectories Among Urban African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little is known of smoking trajectories or of the correlates of smoking trajectories among African American youth. Ninth-grade African American adolescents (n = 566) were interviewed in Year 1 and then were subsequently interviewed annually for 3 additional years. Five trajectories of cigarette smokers were identified: abstainers,…

Fergus, Stevenson; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Caldwell, Cleopatra H.

2005-01-01

470

Higher Education and the Early Education of African American Ministers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The education of African American ministers in the United States has been little researched. Numerous books address the profession of ministry and the education of Blacks in general, but most do not specifically address issues pertaining to the professional education of Black ministers. The majority of the hurdles African Americans faced were primarily in the South and were incurred by

Michael Cooks

2010-01-01

471

Continually Neglected: Situating Natural Disasters in the African American Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is perplexing why natural disasters, as important life-altering events, are seldom viewed as a catalyst for social change in the United States in general but particularly for African Americans. This article addresses a gap in literature by proposing natural disasters as a variable to help understand the African American experience. The authors argue that the first post-Civil War migration

Jason David Rivera; DeMond Shondell Miller

2007-01-01

472

Anxiety Disorders Research With African Americans: Current Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorders in the general population of the United States. Recent findings indicate that the prevalence of certain anxiety disorders may be higher in African Americans. In addition, anxiety disorders in African Americans may be manifested differently. Despite the high prevalence and the suggestion of different patterns of manifestation, a paucity of research exists

Angela M. Neal; Samuel M. Turner

1991-01-01

473

Care and Justice Moral Orientation Among African American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study assessed the moral orientation of African American college students. In addition, we examined whether or not they exhibit the gender difference in moral orientation hypothesized by Gilligan. One hundred sixty-six African American undergraduates at an historically Black university completed the Moral Orientation Scale, which measures care versus justice moral orientation. The students selected an average of 4.39

Pamela L. Knox; N. S. Fagley; Paul M. Miller

2004-01-01

474

Race Consciousness. African-American Studies for the New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of essays represents new scholarship in African American studies, drawing lessons from the past and providing insights into current intellectual trends. Topics such as the culture of America as a culture of race, legacies of slavery and colonialism, crime and welfare politics, and African American cultural studies are addressed.…

Fossett, Judith Jackson, Ed.; Tucker, Jeffrey A., Ed.

475

Mesh diagram cephalometric norms for Americans of African descent  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to establish cephalometric norms for African-American males and females, to compare these measurements with the findings of Alexander's ?Alabama analysis,” and to construct mesh templates for various age groups. The sample we evaluated included 71 African-Americans, divided into four groups: girls (8 to 12 years), boys (8 to 12 years), adolescent females (13 to

Kathy L Bailey; Reginald W Taylor

1998-01-01

476

Panel Session - The Experiences of African American Women Engineering Faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. The goal of this panel session is to share the firsthand experiences of African American women faculty in engineering. It will facilitate a dialogue between African American women faculty and other faculty and administrators on the challenges they face as members of the academy. The dialogue will also discuss how these challenges might be addressed as

S. Adams; C. Berry; C. Brown; C. Grant; P. Mead; S. Smith; I. S. Omer

2006-01-01

477

Food Group Categories of Low-Income African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Describe lay food group categories of low-income African American women and assess the overlap of lay food groups and MyPyramid food groups. Design: A convenience sample of African American mothers from a low-income Chicago neighborhood performed a card-sorting task in which they grouped familiar food items into food groups. Setting:…

Lynch, Elizabeth B.; Holmes, Shane

2011-01-01

478

Work Stress in the Family Life of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated the link between job-related stressors and family life among African Americans. Data from African Americans who participated in the America's Changing Lives survey indicated that job latitude positively affected marital harmony, and physical demands negatively affected marital harmony. Psychosocial demands, job bother, and chronic…

Broman, Clifford L.

2001-01-01

479

African American Women and Breastfeeding: An Integrative Literature Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to present a review of literature regarding factors that influence breastfeeding intentions, initiation, and duration in the African American population. Research related to health disparities experienced by African Americans in the United States, as well as research regarding the protective benefits of breastfeeding for those specific health disparities, are also presented. Community and institutional

Becky S. Spencer; Jane S. Grassley

2012-01-01

480

Board Books Featuring African Americans: Vanishing but Not Entirely Gone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the development of infant and toddler board books (books printed on heavy cardboard and laminated for durability) featuring African Americans and published from 1990 to 2002. Provides a brief overview of the development of board books in general, and suggests criteria for evaluating board books that feature African Americans in…

Mongo, Jonella A.

2002-01-01

481

Culturally Competent Counseling for Religious and Spiritual African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religion and spirituality are deeply rooted in traditional African American culture. Data suggest that African American adolescents maintain higher baseline rates of religious activities and beliefs than their peers (Bachman, Johnston, & O'Malley, 2005; Smith, Faris, Denton, & Regnerus, 2003). Recognizing these data, this article examines…

Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Day-Vines, Norma L.

2008-01-01

482

Negation and the History of African American English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of negation in three corpora representative of early to mid-19th-century African American English. The study examines the negative form "ain't," negative concord to indefinites and verbs, negative inversion and negative postposing. Findings reveal that the negation system of early African American English derived directly from…

Howe, Darin M.

1997-01-01

483

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial…

Combs, Dennis R.; Penn, David L.; Cassisi, Jeffrey; Michael, Chris; Wood, Terry; Wanner, Jill; Adams, Scott

2006-01-01

484

Perceived Racism and Encouragement among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial discrimination has negatively affected African Americans in the United States for centuries and produced one of the most publicly recognized histories of social oppression. Extensive research has shown the deleterious effects of racism on African American people and clearly demonstrated that perceived racism and discrimination may…

Rowles, Joanna; Duan, Changming

2012-01-01

485

Employment and Caregiving: Exploration of African American Caregivers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand the challenges African American families face when combining employment commitments and informal caregiving responsibilities, uses data from a sample of 119 African American elder-caregiver dyads. Examines the nature of caregiving relationships and extent to which caregivers' employment statuses affect the hours of care provided.…

Bullock, Karen; Crawford, Sybil L.; Tennstedt, Sharon L.

2003-01-01

486

Sleeping Beauty Redefined: African American Girls in Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the interests, perceptions, and participation of 16 African American girls in a program designed to improve girls' persistence in science, mathematics, and technology (SMT). The girls are among 33 African American and 73 total original participants in "Rural and Urban Images: Voices of Girls in Science, Mathematics, and…

Kusimo, Patricia S.

487

Brother to Brother: Success for African-American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses Brother to Brother, a program designed to help African-American men stay in college and graduate. St. Petersburg College formed this program seven years ago as a means not only of recruiting male African-American students, but also to identify issues that cause them to be at risk for dropping out and to use retention…

Henningsen, Stephanie

2005-01-01

488

Stalling Out: The Relative Progress of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The socioeconomic progress of African Americans appears to be in a stalled state. This study analyzes the progress of African Americans toward parity with Whites over a 15- to 20-year period in the following areas: (1) employment; (2) economic development; (3) education; (4) health; (5) housing; and (6) political empowerment. For individual…

Tidwell, Billy J.

489

The we and the usMentoring African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the importance of mentoring in African American women’s selection of higher education as a career choice and in their development as professionals in that career. The research provides recommendations on how African American female administrators in higher education can further advance their career choices and career development. Mentoring has been identified as a factor leading to upward

Kijana Crawford; Danielle Smith

2005-01-01

490

Culturally Competent Counseling for Religious and Spiritual African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Religion and spirituality are deeply rooted in traditional African American culture. Data suggest that African American adolescents maintain higher baseline rates of religious activities and beliefs than their peers (Bachman, Johnston, & O'Malley, 2005; Smith, Faris, Denton, & Regnerus, 2003). Recognizing these data, this article examines…

Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Day-Vines, Norma L.

2008-01-01

491

African American Street Gangs: A Quest for Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the phenomenon of African American street gangs. It examines the scope of the gang problem, gives a historical review of gangs in America, and examines gang activity and membership for African American youth. Some of the causes for gang formation are delineated, and comprehensive programs for addressing the gang problem are proposed.

Jerome L. Blakemore; Glenda M. Blakemore

1998-01-01

492

Increasing Mammography Screening among African American Women in Rural Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a church-based breast cancer screening education program on mammography attainment by African American women 40 years old and older in rural Alabama. The sample consisted of 192 women who volunteered to participate in the study through 13 African American churches in a rural, economically-depressed Alabama county. The design was

Mary Edith Powell; Vivian Carter; Eunice Bonsi; Gwendolyn Johnson; Licia Williams; Lucile Taylor-Smith; Quanita Hayes; Pamela C. Hull; Van A. Cain; Baqar A. Husaini

2005-01-01

493

Comparison of knowledge and attitudes toward cancer among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: It has been noted that the African American population in the U.S. bears disproportionately higher cancer morbidity and mortality rates than any racial and ethnic group for most major cancers. Many studies also document that decreased longevity is associated with low educational attainment and other markers of low socioeconomic status (SES), both of which are prevalent in African American

Natalie Thurman; Camille Ragin; Dwight E Heron; Renae J Alford; Cecile Andraos-Selim; Cornelius Bondzi; Jamila A Butcher; Jamison C Coleman; Charity Glass; Barbara Klewien; Aerie T Minor; Diana J Williams; Emanuela Taioli

2009-01-01

494

Culturally Sensitive Research Approaches: An African-American Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that the use of culturally sensitive research approaches in research on African Americans can use the cultural knowledge and experiences of researchers and participants in designing, collecting, and interpreting data. Presents a rationale for using culturally sensitive research approaches for African Americans, a theoretical framework for…

Tillman, Linda C.

2002-01-01

495

Components of School Engagement among African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined how various components of school engagement contribute to the academic performance of African American adolescents. The sample consisted of 499 African American adolescents in Grades 9 to 11. We investigated how adolescents' gender, grade, cognitive functioning, and parental education affect their school engagement and whether…

Sirin, Selcuk R.; Rogers-Sirin, Lauren

2005-01-01

496

Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.

497

HIV Prevention Research for African Americans: Current and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans experience HIV and AIDS at a rate 10 times greater than the U.S. White population. Although there have been advances in HIV risk-reduction strategies, these efforts have not been as successful in decreasing HIV infection in the African American population. This article reviews the research base of HIV prevention interventions to identify research that will lead to the

Lula A. Beatty; Darrell Wheeler; Juarlyn Gaiter

2004-01-01

498

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African American,…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

499

Culture: A Possible Predictor of Morality for African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the ways in which cultural orientation (communalism and material well-being) and empathy influence the moral reasoning of African American middle to late adolescents. Specifically, this study utilized path analysis to investigate Ward's (1995) hypothesis that a communal orientation would promote morality among African American

Humphries, Marisha L.; Jagers, Robert J.

2009-01-01

500

Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.