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1

Frequent Buyer Club Participation Patterns for African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on (a) racial prejudice, (b) lack of steppingstone jobs, (c) welfare programs, (d) low education levels, and (e) inferior trade skills, some feel America's leading minority groups will never become full-fledged, mainstream retail participants. This study, however, found that Asian and Hispanic immigrants assimilate as they move from cities. On the contrary, post-civil rights movement African Americans and Native

A. Bruce Clark

2003-01-01

2

Factors that Influence Career Choice among Native American and African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need for research in the area of career choice of minority students in the United States. This descriptive study examined the factors that may influence Native American and African American high school students' career choices. These factors include such variables as parental educational level, family composition, and potential grade…

Bennett-Smith, Keisha K.

2011-01-01

3

The Peoples Multicultural Almanac: America from the 1400s to Present. 365 Days of Contributions by African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, European Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Peoples Multicultural Almanac provides five entries for each day in the school year, September through May, organized for the following ethnic groups: (1) African Americans; (2) Asian Americans; (3) European Americans; (4) Hispanic Americans; and (5) Native Americans. The entries highlight significant social, political, historical, cultural,…

Taylor, Earl J., Jr.; And Others

4

U.S. House approves historic settlement in case involving African American farmers and Native Americans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A small slice of justicehttp://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/28/AR2010112803915.htmlStatement from Agriculture Secretary Vilsack on Final Passage of the Claims Settlement Acthttp://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?contentidonly=true&contentid=2010/12/0627.xmlBlack farmers: justice delayedhttp://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2010/08/black_farmersPostcard from the first annual Black Farmers and Urban Gardeners Conferencehttp://www.grist.org/article/2010-11-30-notes-from-the-first-annual-black-farmers-and-urban-gardeners-coNational Black Farmers Associationhttp://www.blackfarmers.org/After years of wrangling, heated public discussion, and debate, the U.S. House of Representatives approved $4.6 billion to settle discrimination claims filed by African American farmers and Native Americans who had not received land-use royalties. The suit was quite complex, and the initial lawsuit was filed in 1997 by African American farmers who alleged that racial discrimination was a pervasive part of U.S. Department of Agriculture lending programs. In a separate action, a group of 300,000 Native Americans claimed that land royalties were withheld from them in a series of actions dating back to 1887. The approval of these funds had been held up for sometime, and the legislative roadblocks were removed when various lawmakers proposed to alleviate the entire cost of this settlement through spending cuts and generating new revenue elsewhere. Besides providing for different payments to individuals, the settlement will also finance construction of water systems that will serve Native American reservations in New Mexico, Montana, and Arizona.The first link will take readers to a piece from this Tuesday's Business Week about the recent settlement. The second link leads to an editorial from this Monday's Washington Post about the settlement. Moving on, the third link will take users to an official statement from Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack on the passage of the settlement act. The fourth link will take interested parties to a piece from The Economist which provides a bit more background on the suit filed by African American farmers. Visitors interested in another perspective on a related subject will enjoy the fifth link. Here they will find Natasha Bowens' commentary on the first annual Black Farmers and Urban Gardeners Conference in New York City, and it's a witty and insightful read. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the National Black Farmers Association.

Grinnell, Max

2010-12-03

5

Native Americans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Native Americans are made up of many fascinating groups of people with multiple cultures. We will explore the main cultural areas of these groups. We will describe and compare some of these groups of people such as Eastern Woodlands, Plains, Great Basin, Southwestern, Arctic, Northwest, Incan, Aztec, and Mayan. We will also identify how these people maintain their cultural traditions today. We will explore each of this interesting cultures and take notes as we explore with individualized graphic organizers. Learning about Native Americans Woodland Tribes Great Plains Tribes Great Basin Native Americans Northwest Southwest Aztec, Mayans Inca BRAINTEASER The Inca Trail and Machu Picchu Glossary Links ...

Keller, Mrs.

2009-06-12

6

Voices of Multicultural America: Notable Speeches Delivered by African, Asian, Hispanic, and Native Americans, 1790-1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume compiles more than 230 noteworthy speeches delivered by over 130 prominent African, Asian, Native, and Hispanic Americans from the late 1700s through 1995. In bringing together these speeches, "Voices of Multicultural America" brings to life the people and events surrounding each speech with narratives that give the historical…

Straub, Deborah Gillan, Ed.

7

Intrafamilial correlates of overweight and obesity in African-American and Native-American grandparents, parents, and children in rural Oklahoma.  

PubMed

Study objectives were to describe overweight in Native-American and African-American three-generation families and to examine relationships among the individual variables of body mass index (BMI), television hours, and activity levels. Forty-four Native-American and 40 African-American families were recruited from 10 sites through community contacts at health, senior, community, and tribal centers. Ninety percent of parents and grandparents had BMIs above 25.0. Forty-two percent of African-American and 61% of Native-American children had a BMI above the 85th percentile. More than 35% of total energy was from fat. Significant correlations were observed between parent and child BMI and television hours, grandparent and child BMI, and grandparent and parent activity with child television hours. Sedentary caretakers facilitate more television viewing and less activity in children. Dietetics professionals should plan family-friendly daily physical activities, like walking, and diets lower in fat, sugar, and total energy, with higher intakes of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products for children and caretakers. PMID:15668686

Polley, Diana C; Spicer, Maria T; Knight, Ada P; Hartley, Ben L

2005-02-01

8

Native American Healing Traditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indigenous healing practices among Native Americans have been documented in the United States since colonisation. Cultural encapsulation has deterred the acknowledgement of Native American medicinal practices as a precursor to folk medicine and many herbal remedies, which have greatly influenced modern medicine. Understanding Native American healing practices requires helping professionals to have knowledge of Native American cultural belief systems about

Tarrell A. A. Portman; Michael T. Garrett

2006-01-01

9

Stroke and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Data > Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Stroke Stroke and African Americans African American adults are twice as likely to have a stroke than their White adult counterparts. Further, men are ...

10

Obesity and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Data > Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Obesity Obesity and African Americans African American women have the ... ss6104.pdf [PDF | 3.5MB] HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

11

African-American Biography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests sources of information for African American History Month for library media specialists who work with students in grades four through eight. Gale Research's "African-American Reference Library," which includes "African-America Biography,""African-American Chronology," and "African-American Almanac," is reviewed, and a reference activity…

Martin, Ron

1995-01-01

12

Minority Women's Health: American Indians/Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

Skip left navigation Minority Women's Health African-Americans Latinas Asian-Americans Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders American Indians/Alaska Natives Immigrant and migrant issues Taking care of your health ...

13

Learning Style Preferences of Native American and African-American Secondary Students as Measured by the MBTI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) was used to identify simililarities and significant differences in the learning style preferences of secondary students from two cultures. A second purpose of the study was to identify gender differences in learning style within and across these two cultures. A total of 103 African Americans from a high…

Nuby, Jacqueline F.; Oxford, Rebecca L.

14

Experiencing Native American Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents four experiential excercises based on Native American culture for use in education, communication training, and counseling. These excercises are intended as vehicles for personal growth and aids to learning about Native American culture. (RC)

Darou, Wes G.

1980-01-01

15

Native American Healing Traditions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indigenous healing practices among Native Americans have been documented in the United States since colonisation. Cultural encapsulation has deterred the acknowledgement of Native American medicinal practices as a precursor to folk medicine and many herbal remedies, which have greatly influenced modern medicine. Understanding Native American

Portman, Tarrell A. A.; Garrett, Michael T.

2006-01-01

16

African Americans and Smoking  

MedlinePLUS

... Facts About Smoking Among African Americans Use of menthol cigarettes is disproportionately high among African Americans. Almost ... software. 4. Ibid. 5. Hebert, JR. Invited Commentary: Menthol Cigarettes and Risk of Lung Cancer. American Journal ...

17

Asthma and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Hispanic Blacks reported that they currently have asthma. African Americans were 20% more likely to have asthma than non-Hispanic Whites, in 2011. In 2009, African Americans were three times more likely to die from ...

18

Cancer and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... a glance – Top Cancer Sites for African Americans (2006-2010) Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men ... a glance – Top Cancer Sites for African Americans (2006-2010) Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women ...

19

Native American Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many issues and elements--including ethnic nomenclature, racial attitudes, and the legal and political status of American Indian nations and Indian people--influence Native American identity. (Contains 3 notes.)

Horse, Perry G.

2005-01-01

20

African American Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... per 100,000. In 2010, there were 389 African American female suicides. The ratio of African American male to ... 4.9 to 1. The suicide rate among African American females was the lowest of all racial/gender groups. ...

21

Native American Entrepreneurship. Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Native Americans have owned and started the fewest small businesses of all U.S. minority groups, entrepreneurship is considered to be an efficient tool for alleviating their economic problems. Barriers to Native American entrepreneurship include poverty, scarce start-up capital, poor access to business education and technical assistance,…

Seymour, Nicole

22

Native American Interdisciplinary Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a cross-graded, thematic, interdisciplinary unit which grew from a Native American humanities unit. The 9-week unit addresses the plurality of intelligences, allows for cognitive bypassing and challenges students in critical thinking modalities. With a focus on the five groups of Native Americans (The Eastern Woodlands, Plains,…

Sorensen, Carol; Hoffmann, Donald; Boinczan, Joseph

23

Legends of Native Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a theme unit that includes elementary-level, cross-curricular lessons about lifestyle, belief systems, traditions, and history of Native Americans. The unit includes a poster which offers a traditional Cherokee story, literature on Native American legends, and a variety of cross-curricular activities. The unit ends with students writing…

Flagg, Ann

1999-01-01

24

16 Extraordinary African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection for children tells the stories of 16 African Americans who helped make America what it is today. African Americans can take pride in the heritage of these contributors to society. Biographies are given for the following: (1) Sojourner Truth, preacher and abolitionist; (2) Frederick Douglass, abolitionist; (3) Harriet Tubman, leader…

Lobb, Nancy

25

Understanding African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the socialization skills, self-esteem, and academic readiness of African American males in a school environment. Discussions with students and the School Perceptions Questionnaire provided data for this investigation. The intended targets for this investigation were African American students; however, there…

Bell, Edward Earl

2010-01-01

26

Guest Editorial: Where Are the Women of Color? Data on African American, Hispanic, and Native American Faculty in STEM  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In October of 2009, the Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science and Engineer (CEOSE) held a symposium on Women of Color in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; NSF-OAI). The symposium featured data pertaining to Asian, African Amer

Towns, Marcy H.

2010-03-04

27

Native American Manuscript Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Oklahoma's Western History Collection, the Native American Manuscript Collections contain over 200 documents relating to Native Americans in Oklahoma, Indian Territory, and the southwestern United States. On the homepage, visitors can browse the manuscripts, which are listed by nation. The Creek Nation area is quite fascinating, as there are over 35 documents here including handwritten journals, trading company ledgers, and letters from farmers like James M. Latty and other Creeks. After this introduction, visitors can browse around through the works of other nations, including the Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw.

28

African American History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

February is African American History Month, and, as the Library of Congress site notes, it's an area of history that should be incorporated into all discussions about American history. The Library of Congress listened to its own advice and created this most useful site to help students, teachers, and others to do just that. Visitors can read about a number of notable African Americans, including historian Carter G. Woodson and Congressman Major Owens. By clicking on the "Exhibits & Collections" area visitors can look through some of the digital collections related to various aspects of African American history. Additionally, the site also has other sections that provide primary materials on African Americans in the performing arts as well as oral histories from the Veterans History Project.

29

Native Americans' Interest in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus groups arranged by local Native American Master Gardeners on two Minnesota reservations determined community interest in extension-horticulture programs. Topics of interest included food preservation and historical Native-American uses of plants. (SK)

Meyer, Mary Hockenberry

1999-01-01

30

Native American Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Native American Case Studies collection includes more than 80 original, research-based teaching cases focusing on contemporary issues in Indian Country. Teaching notes accompany each case. These can be downloaded and used at no cost. Additional website resources include information on teaching with cases and assessment. Guidelines for submitting cases are also available.

The Evergreen State College

31

Native American Health  

MedlinePLUS

... racial or ethnic group has specific health concerns. Differences in the health of groups can result from: Genetics Environmental factors Access to care Cultural factors On this page, you'll find links to health issues that affect Native-Americans.

32

Native American Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to accommodate a semester course in Native American Literature for secondary students, this teacher's guide includes a general introduction, a statement of the philosophy and goals upon which it is predicated, a nine-week block on post-Columbian literature, a nine-week block on oral literature, separate appendices for each block, a…

Porter, C. Fayne; And Others

33

Native Americans: Subject Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated subject guide lists reference material that deals with Native Americans and is available in the Arizona State University Libraries. Entries were published 1933-98, but mostly in the 1980s-90s. The guide is not comprehensive, but rather a selective list of resources useful for researching a topic in a variety of fields. The guide…

Bonanni, Mimmo; Etter, Patricia A.

34

Native Americans in Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity will help you learn about some of the early Native American inhabitants of Utah. Look at the following websites and see if you can find some information about one of the following groups of Native Americans in Utah. History of Utah Tribes Goshute Goshute Indians Utah History To Go: Goshute Indians Goshute Indian Reservation Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Navajo People of the Colorado Plateau: Navajo (Dine) History of the Navajo Indians of Utah Navajo Navajo Indians Paiute Paiute Indians of Utah Paiute Native American Desert Peoples: The Paiute People Paiute Indians of Utah Utah History To Go--Piaute Indians Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Shoshone Shoshone History of the Shoshone Indians Shoshoni Lewis and Clark: Native Americans--Shoshone Indians Ute Utah History To Go: Ute Indians People of the Colorado Plateau: The Ute Indians Story of the Ute Tribe Northern Ute Indian History Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes ...

Bates, Albion M.

2006-10-10

35

African American Studies & Research Center's 28th Symposium on African American  

E-print Network

of Octavia Butler's Parable of the Sower Dr. Rone Shavers, College of Saint Rose #12;"Celebrating Our Past in African American images in post World War II popular culture. Jolivette Anderson-Douoning is a native

Ginzel, Matthew

36

The College: Arts & Sciences African & African-American Studies  

E-print Network

The College: Arts & Sciences African & African-American Studies Department: African & African-American for the course description. Department: African & African-American Studies Course: AAS 122 Title: History of Jazz Description: Please see MUR 122 for the course description. Department: African & African-American Studies

Mahon, Bradford Z.

37

African-Americans and Alzheimer's  

MedlinePLUS

... Share Plus on Google Plus African-Americans and Alzheimer's alz.org | IHaveAlz Introduction 10 Warning Signs Brain ... African-Americans are at a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease. Many Americans dismiss the warning signs of ...

38

Precedents in African American architecture  

E-print Network

As a sub-sets of American culture, African Americans have not been able to offer culturally specific architectural elements to the design process because the history of African American form and space has not been recognized ...

Sass, Lawrence

1994-01-01

39

Diabetes in African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Moving towards prevention of Type 2 Diabetes This music CD helps African Americans incorporate more physical activity ... move more. Three songs from the popular Movimiento music CD also are included. This CD also contains ...

40

Native American Journalists Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Native American Journalists Association (NAJA) is based on the campus of the University of Oklahoma in Norman, OK. NAJA was started in 1984 in order to improve the communications among Native people as well as between Native people and the public. Visitors can click on the "Resources" tab near the top of the page to view, among other things, links to "Job Opportunities", "Internships/Fellowships", and "Publications". Free downloadable versions of "The Reading Red Report" from 2002, 2003, and 2007 can be accessed in the "Publications" link. The 2007 Report gives the visitor the opportunity to see some of the research that NAJA has done on how Natives are depicted in the mainstream newspapers of areas with the highest population of Native peoples. The "Media Links" link, also under the "Resources" tab, has a wealth of information regarding media that would be helpful for any journalists or aspiring journalists. Some of the links include "Journalism Centers", "Journalism Libraries", "Job Sites", and "News Research". Under the "Programs" tab, there is a link to "Students" that has various resources for those pursuing scholarships, internships or finding student chapters of NAJA.

41

A Native American Theatre Ensemble  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ceremonial rituals American Indians have practiced for centuries are uncontestable testimony to how strongly they respond to theatre. These rituals, a pure and functional form of dramatic art, are practiced today by a Native American theater group. (FF)

Brown, Kent R.

1973-01-01

42

Coccidioidomycosis in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Coccidioidomycosis is caused by Coccidioides species, a fungus endemic to the desert regions of the southwestern United States, and is of particular concern for African Americans. We performed a PubMed search of the English-language medical literature on coccidioidomycosis in African Americans and summarized the pertinent literature. Search terms were coccidioidomycosis, Coccidioides, race, ethnicity, African, black, and Negro. The proceedings of the national and international coccidioidomycosis symposia were searched. All relevant articles and their cited references were reviewed; those with epidemiological, immunologic, clinical, and therapeutic data pertaining to coccidioidomycosis in African Americans were included in the review. Numerous studies documented an increased predilection for severe coccidioidal infections, coccidioidomycosis-related hospitalizations, and extrapulmonary dissemination in persons of African descent; however, most of the published studies are variably problematic. The immunologic mechanism for this predilection is unclear. The clinical features and treatment recommendations are summarized. Medical practitioners need to be alert to the possibility of coccidioidomycosis in persons with recent travel to or residence in an area where the disease is endemic. PMID:21193657

Ruddy, Barbara E.; Mayer, Anita P.; Ko, Marcia G.; Labonte, Helene R.; Borovansky, Jill A.; Boroff, Erika S.; Blair, Janis E.

2011-01-01

43

Native Americans: The First Campers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questions are presented to help camps determine if their usage of American Indian culture truly honors Native Americans. Camps that plan to use Indian lore should research the tribe's name, location, symbols, legends, and living habits. A 5-day program is presented for enhancing campers' understanding of Native peoples and their relationship to…

Dunn, Bonnie; Frebertshauser, Denise

2002-01-01

44

Earth's Caretakers: Native American Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by Native American teachers and by teachers of Native Americans, this book presents examples of ways to learn respect for the Earth and its people. The hope is that students will learn to walk softly upon the Earth and to respect all living things. Lessons and activities engage elementary and middle school students in a four-step…

Nyberg, Lisa M., Ed.

45

KSC kicks off African-American History Month  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Michelle Amos, mistress of ceremonies for the kick-off of African-American History Month, works with the audience to assist them in the pronunciation of a few token words in native Swahili. The theme for this year's observation is 'Heritage and Horizons: The African-American Legacy and the Challenges of the 21st Century.' February is designated each year as a time to celebrate the achievements and contributions of African Americans to Kennedy Space Center, NASA and the nation.

2000-01-01

46

Vanishing native American dog lineages  

PubMed Central

Background Dogs were an important element in many native American cultures at the time Europeans arrived. Although previous ancient DNA studies revealed the existence of unique native American mitochondrial sequences, these have not been found in modern dogs, mainly purebred, studied so far. Results We identified many previously undescribed mitochondrial control region sequences in 400 dogs from rural and isolated areas as well as street dogs from across the Americas. However, sequences of native American origin proved to be exceedingly rare, and we estimate that the native population contributed only a minor fraction of the gene pool that constitutes the modern population. Conclusions The high number of previously unidentified haplotypes in our sample suggests that a lot of unsampled genetic variation exists in non-breed dogs. Our results also suggest that the arrival of European colonists to the Americas may have led to an extensive replacement of the native American dog population by the dogs of the invaders. PMID:21418639

2011-01-01

47

african-american studies 142AC african-american studies 156AC african-american studies 158 african-american stud-ies 173AC african-american studies 27AC african-american studies 28AC american studies 101AC american studies  

E-print Network

african-american studies 142AC · african-american studies 156AC · african-american studies 158 · african-american stud- ies 173AC · african-american studies 27AC · african-american studies 28AC · american studies 101AC · american studies 10AC · american studies 139AC · anthropology 121AC · anthropology

Walker, Matthew P.

48

Developing a Native American Studies Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of Native American Studies (NAS) is an attempt at self-awareness and an exercise in self-determination. One area of concern in the development of a program for Native Americans is their high attrition rate in college. Specially designed programs for the Native American student could offer (1) Native American student orientation…

Whiteman, Henrietta V.

49

Native American Healing Practices and Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experiential Native American healing practices course, co-taught by a Native American pastoral counselor and a counselor educator, was offered to graduate counseling students to help them better understand Native American worldviews. A student participant's reflections are included. Students attended Native American ceremonies and learned…

Rybak, Christopher J.; Eastin, Carol Lakota; Robbins, Irma

2004-01-01

50

Alcohol abuse among Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native Americans have experienced substantial problems with alcohol since its introduction to their culture by early European settlers. Epidemiological data indicate that elevated morbidity and mortality attributable to alcohol abuse among this population remain at epidemic levels. Adolescent drinking patterns and family and peer influences on alcohol use are examined. A multifactorial etiology is indicated in the origin of Native

Roland J. Lamarine

1988-01-01

51

Native American Adult Reader I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aspects of Native American history and culture as well as issues and concerns of American Indians are presented in the twelve short articles in this reader for adults. Intended for use in an adult basic education/GED program, the reader features simply written stories (for grades 0-3), illustrations, vocabulary lists and student study questions.…

King, Lovern Root, Ed.

52

Elder Abuse among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions of extreme, moderate, and mild forms of elder abuse among African-American women (n=25) and men (n=10) were examined. African-American respondents emphasized physical abuse when giving examples of extremely abusive behavior. Along with physical abuse, verbal abuse was the most frequently identified form of abuse, and was significantly…

Tauriac, Jesse J.; Scruggs, Natoschia

2006-01-01

53

African & African-American Studies University of Kansas  

E-print Network

African & African-American Studies University of Kansas A Handbook for Graduate Students Department of African & African-American Studies 1440 Jayhawk Boulevard Bailey Hall, Room 9 Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (785-American Studies at the University of Kansas is to produce scholars, teachers, administrators, and other

54

Native Americans and the Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by anthropologist Dr. Alx V. Dark and sponsored by the Center for Conservation Biology at Rice University, this Website promotes the research and study of environmental issues facing Native American communities, particularly the politics of land and treaty rights. The site also explores the "values and historical experiences that Native Americans bring to bear on environmental issues." Native Americans and the Environment provides a bibliographic database, which covers topics such as environmental justice, natural resource utilization, land and treaty rights, and demography and migration. The database currently contains over 1,500 citations, and will be expanded to approximately 3,000 by the end of 1999. The site also includes an extensive directory of hundreds of annotated Internet resources organized by subject and geographic region. In addition, a case studies section is under development and will include environmental problems and their histories, current actions, or solutions; a list of related Internet resources; and a bibliography.

55

Obesity and American Indians/Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

Obesity and American Indians/Alaska Natives American Indian/Alaska Native women are 30% more likely than non- ... findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

56

NABS Program: (Native Americans in Biological Science).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the four-week summer program of the Native Americans in Biological Sciences Program that engages Native American eighth- and ninth-grade students in studying the problems related to the waste water treatment plant in Cushing, Oklahoma. (MDH)

Gettys, Nancy, Comp.

1994-01-01

57

Black or African American Populations  

MedlinePLUS

... in the United States: 2012 US Census Bureau, Poverty Data Income and Poverty in the United States, 2013 Report Issued September, ... percentage of African American adults lived below the poverty level and (ages 18-64 years) were unemployed ...

58

Studies in Native American Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight original research papers on Native American languages by faculty and students of the Linguistics Department and other related departments of the University of Kansas are presented. The titles and authors include the following: "Comanche Consonant Mutation: Initial Association or Feature Spread?" (James L. Armagost); "The Alsea Noun Phrase"…

Ok, Jong-seok, Ed.; Taneri, Mubeccel, Ed.

1989-01-01

59

North American Native Fishes Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North American Native Fishes Association (NANFA) works "to increase and disseminate knowledge about North America's native fishes and their habitats among aquarium hobbyists, biologists, fish and wildlife officials, anglers, educators, students, and others, through publications, electronic media, regional and national meetings, and other means." The NANFA website features a Checklist of Freshwater Fishes Native to North America and a Fish in Focus section with beautiful images and brief descriptions of such fish as the Hogchoker (Trinectes maculatus), Central Stoneroller (Campostoma anomalum), and Southern Redbelly Dace (Phoxinus erythrogaster). The site also contains information about an award program for breeders, grant programs, annual meetings, membership, and the NANFA quarterly magazine, _American Currents_. NANFA offers a solid collection of related links, and an electronic mailing list as well. The website is under construction and promises future sections relating to natural history, captive care, conservation, and collecting.

60

Contemporary Native American Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A compilation of 58 representative speeches from the American Indian Community, this book is divided into 2 parts; Part I deals with issues of contemporary concern and Part II illustrates speech types and styles. All speeches are classified by issue as follows: sovereignty (2 speeches, 1 on the rise and fall of Indian sovereignty); trust…

Maestas, John R., Ed.

61

Native American Studies Major Major Advisors  

E-print Network

Native American Studies Major Major Advisors Laura Jimenez-Olvera & Dewey St. Germaine 532 & 530://ethnicstudies.berkeley.edu/ Undergraduate Program The Native American Studies Program exists to broaden the understanding of students interested in the history, culture, and contemporary situations of Native Americans in the United States

Walker, Matthew P.

62

Native American Studies Page 203Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES  

E-print Network

American Arts 4 NAMS 305 North American Indian History 4 NAMS 346 Philosophic Systems and Sacred Movements in Native North Americans 4 Total units in minor core 12 Minor Electives Select 10 units from the followingNative American Studies Page 203Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES

Ravikumar, B.

63

African American Males. A Critical Link in the African American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans are experiencing extreme stress in the United States, and African-American males appear to suffer the most. The chapters in this volume examine some of the issues confronting African-American men today. They include: (1) "Introduction" (Dionne J. Jones); (2) "Reaffirming Young African American Males: Mentoring and Community…

Jones, Dionne J., Ed.

64

Statistical Profile of Older African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... relatives, and 39 percent lived alone. INCOME AND POVERTY Households containing families headed by African Americans age ... for men and $16,040 for women. The poverty rate in 2012 for African Americans age 65 ...

65

Native American Children in Michigan. [Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Native American Children in Michigan," provides a historical context for the tenuous relationship between Michigan's 12 federally recognized tribes and the state government, paying particular attention to the erosion of Native American education programs and the disproportionate number of Native children who find themselves in both the child…

W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2012

2012-01-01

66

Native Americans and Wage Labor: Ethnohistorical Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reconsiders a largely ignored fact of North American Indian economic life--the place of wage labor in the culture and history of Native Americans. Case studies examine social networks of Native agricultural laborers, the decline of Native communities from self-sufficient producers to lower-class wage laborers, vocational education in…

Littlefield, Alice, Ed.; Knack, Martha C., Ed.

67

Wisconsin's Mass Incarceration of African American Males  

E-print Network

Wisconsin's Mass Incarceration of African American Males: Workforce Challenges for 2013 Prepared-Milwaukee 2013 #12;Wisconsin's Mass Incarceration of African American Males: Workforce Challenges of 2013 1 and practices leading to mass incarceration of African Americans men and suspensions of driving privileges

Saldin, Dilano

68

African American Girls and the Challenges Ahead  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research on the psychosocial development of African American girls is limited. Information that is available focuses on teen pregnancy and health issues such as nutrition and physical activity. African American girls are facing challenges, including poverty, crime, poor self-esteem, and peer pressure. Despite some of the negative characteristics attributed to African American girls, many are achieving some success. Policy

Judith L. Rozie-Battle

2002-01-01

69

Engaging African Americans in Smoking Cessation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans are disproportionately exposed to and targeted by prosmoking advertisements, particularly menthol cigarette ads. Though African Americans begin smoking later than whites, they are less likely to quit smoking than whites. Purpose: This study was designed to explore African American smoking cessation attitudes,…

Wallen, Jacqueline; Randolph, Suzanne; Carter-Pokras, Olivia; Feldman, Robert; Kanamori-Nishimura, Mariano

2014-01-01

70

Freedom Road: Adult Education of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains six chapters by various authors about the history of African Americans' contributions and participation in adult education. The book reports on how some African American leaders saw the connection between education and the eventual freedom or uplift of the African American people. Following a foreword (Phyllis M. Cunningham) and…

Peterson, Elizabeth A., Ed.

71

Teaching the Native American. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much has been written about what is wrong with American Indian education, but too little emphasis has been placed on positive ideas for making education better and more relevant for Native American students. This book aims to fill that gap by providing teachers with practical information and suggestions for working with Native American students. A…

Gilliland, Hap

72

Reconstructing Native American Population History  

PubMed Central

The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved1–5. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred via a single6–8 or multiple streams of migration from Siberia9–15. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly understood. To address these questions at higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups genotyped at 364,470 single nucleotide polymorphisms. We show that Native Americans descend from at least three streams of Asian gene flow. Most descend entirely from a single ancestral population that we call “First American”. However, speakers of Eskimo-Aleut languages from the Arctic inherit almost half their ancestry from a second stream of Asian gene flow, and the Na-Dene-speaking Chipewyan from Canada inherit roughly one-tenth of their ancestry from a third stream. We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. A major exception is in Chibchan-speakers on both sides of the Panama Isthmus, who have ancestry from both North and South America. PMID:22801491

Reich, David; Patterson, Nick; Campbell, Desmond; Tandon, Arti; Mazieres, Stéphane; Ray, Nicolas; Parra, Maria V.; Rojas, Winston; Duque, Constanza; Mesa, Natalia; García, Luis F.; Triana, Omar; Blair, Silvia; Maestre, Amanda; Dib, Juan C.; Bravi, Claudio M.; Bailliet, Graciela; Corach, Daniel; Hünemeier, Tábita; Bortolini, Maria-Cátira; Salzano, Francisco M.; Petzl-Erler, María Luiza; Acuña-Alonzo, Victor; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Tusié-Luna, Teresa; Riba, Laura; Rodríguez-Cruz, Maricela; Lopez-Alarcón, Mardia; Coral-Vazquez, Ramón; Canto-Cetina, Thelma; Silva-Zolezzi, Irma; Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos; Contreras, Alejandra V.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo; Gómez-Vázquez, María José; Molina, Julio; Carracedo, Ángel; Salas, Antonio; Gallo, Carla; Poletti, Giovanni; Witonsky, David B.; Alkorta-Aranburu, Gorka; Sukernik, Rem I.; Osipova, Ludmila; Fedorova, Sardana; Vasquez, René; Villena, Mercedes; Moreau, Claudia; Barrantes, Ramiro; Pauls, David; Excoffier, Laurent; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rothhammer, Francisco; Dugoujon, Jean Michel; Larrouy, Georges; Klitz, William; Labuda, Damian; Kidd, Judith; Kidd, Kenneth; Rienzo, Anna Di; Freimer, Nelson B.; Price, Alkes L.; Ruiz-Linares, Andrés

2013-01-01

73

Perceptions of African American and European American Teachers on the Education of African American Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors interviewed 27 teachers (16 African American and 11 European American) on instructional factors contributing to overidentification of behavior problems in African American boys. Interviews focused on teachers' perspectives of effective teachers, teacher-student relationships, and communication styles. Analysis of the interviews showed…

Bacon, Ellen; Banks, Joy; Young, Kathryn; Jackson, Francesina R.

2007-01-01

74

Classic African American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to assert that there are classic African American children's books and to identify a sampling of them. The author presents multiple definitions of the term classic based on the responses of children's literature experts and relevant scholarship. Next, the manner in which data were collected and analyzed in regard to…

McNair, Jonda C.

2010-01-01

75

Mapping the African American Past  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mapping the African American Past (MAAP) project, produced by a team of researchers and specialists at Columbia University, offers a marriage of African American history and geography in New York City. The project was funded by JPMorganChase, and it allows users to navigate through sites of importance to the African American community throughout the city's past. New visitors may wish to start by watching the short film, "Introduction to MAAP", and then move on over to the "Place in Focus" feature. Here they can learn about places like Five Points, the Abyssinian Baptist Church, and the home of David Ruggles. They can also use an interactive map to toggle through places associated with certain time periods, such as the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. Additionally, the site also contains lesson plans that address topics that include African American community and culture and "Building New York". The site is rounded out by a series of podcasts which cover all 52 locations featured on the MAAP website.

76

African-American Children's Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of representative stories told by black American children of West African descent in South Carolina shows that specific cultural motifs have been preserved in the oral tradition of black communities. Typical stories are tales of the supernatural, such as the Hag story about mortals who shed their skin at night to do evil deeds.…

Nichols, Patricia C.

77

HIV among African American Youth  

MedlinePLUS

... young white females. • The majority of young black females with HIV are infected through heterosexual contact. HIV treatment helps people with HIV live healthy lives and prevent transmission of the virus to partners. However, among African Americans who have been diagnosed with HIV, youth are ...

78

Handbook of Native American Studies and Chronology of Native American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as "a practical guide to the development of Native American Studies programs, Native American Studies courses, and Indian-oriented higher education programs," this handbook places emphasis upon materials actually utilized in the development of Native American Studies at the University of California, Davis, and in the creation of…

Forbes, Jack D.; And Others

79

African American rhinoplasty.  

PubMed

Rhinoplasty in patients of African descent requires a patient-specific approach, because the goals and ideal proportions differ from the white nose. This article discusses approaches to surgical correction of common anatomic variations. In addition, common pitfalls are outlined. PMID:25049123

Boyette, Jennings R; Stucker, Fred J

2014-08-01

80

Nursing in rural Native American communities.  

PubMed

This article discusses the importance of cultural sensitivity in providing nursing services to Native Americans. This necessitates general information about cultural universals that transcend specific tribes as well as cultural-specific knowledge. Cultural sensitivity also requires an understanding of the centuries-long oppression of Native Americans and their cultures by the dominant society. PMID:8451209

Buehler, J

1993-03-01

81

Native American Justice Issues in North Dakota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to assess the quality of justice available to Native Americans in Burleigh County, North Dakota, investigations were conducted from June 1976 through April 1978 with an informal fact finding meeting as well as interviews with approximately 85 persons in Burleigh County and throughout the state. The 1970 census lists Native Americans

South Dakota State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

82

Exploring Aesthetics: Focus on Native Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that effectively presenting another culture in the classroom is one of the most fundamental problems facing teachers using a multicultural curriculum. Discusses the role of music and the arts in Native American culture. Provides suggestions for presenting traditional Native American music in Western classrooms. (CFR)

Sarrazin, Natalie

1995-01-01

83

Stennis Space Center celebrates Native American culture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Famie Willis (left), 2009-2010 Choctaw Indian Princess, displays artifacts during Native American Heritage Month activities at Stennis Space Center on Nov. 24. The celebration featured various Native American cultural displays for Stennis employees to view. Shown above are (l to r): Willis, Elaine Couchman of NASA Shared Services Center, John Cecconi of NSSC and Lakeisha Robertson of the Environmental Protection Agency.

2009-01-01

84

In Search of Native American Aesthetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Native American Church meeting is one contemporary inter-tribal form of the ancient peyote spiritual tradition, represented throughout much of North America. With its deeply integrated elements of artistic expression, the cultural context of the peyote ceremony affords an approach to the major issues of Native American aesthetics. Is some…

Meyer, Leroy N.

2001-01-01

85

Native American Recipes for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of recipes is intended to assist teachers in using food in the classroom to enhance the study of Native American people. Several concepts are identified to guide teachers in developing instructional units centering around food as a means of understanding the Native American culture: (1) the impact of physical environment and…

Harvey, Karen D., Comp.

86

Native American Education Separate or Integrated?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The courts have applied pressure on local school districts like the Mineapolis (Minnesota) district to reduce the concentration of minority children, including Native Americans, in the schools. This policy brief addresses the issue of creating separate elementary or secondary schools for Native American children. Proponents of separation argue…

Larson, Lisa

87

CNP Project: Regional Native American Community Networks Program  

Cancer.gov

CNP Project: Regional Native American Community Networks Program  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research CNP Project Listing Regional Native American Community Networks Program CNP Pilot Projects Regional Native American Community Networks Program PRINCIPAL

88

Coming of Age: African American Male Rites-of-Passage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided of issues confronting the African American male, along with a strategy to nurture a new generation of African American males. Chapters 1 and 2 focus on the social status and new demographics of the African American male and the external threats that are devastating to the African American male and the African American

Hill, Paul, Jr.

89

African American Alumni Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Digital Collections has tackled everything from Golda Meir to historic street maps in its quest to offer a diverse and wonderful view of the city's rich history. This particular collection brings together a clutch of oral histories that celebrate the African American experience at the institution. Visitors can look over a panel discussion with a range of recent alums titled, "African American Alumni and Students: Stories of Education and Success." Moving on, visitors can hear Clayborn Benson talk about his long career as a photojournalist or watch and listen to G. Spencer Coggs, who has been a prominent member of the Democratic Political Party in Wisconsin for many years. This is quite a trove of first-hand memories and a great tribute to the cityâÂÂs oral traditions.

90

The Genetic Structure and History of Africans and African Americans  

PubMed Central

Africa is the source of all modern humans, but characterization of genetic variation and of relationships among populations across the continent has been enigmatic. We studied 121 African populations, four African American populations, and 60 non-African populations for patterns of variation at 1327 nuclear microsatellite and insertion/deletion markers. We identified 14 ancestral population clusters in Africa that correlate with self-described ethnicity and shared cultural and/or linguistic properties. We observed high levels of mixed ancestry in most populations, reflecting historical migration events across the continent. Our data also provide evidence for shared ancestry among geographically diverse hunter-gatherer populations (Khoesan speakers and Pygmies). The ancestry of African Americans is predominantly from Niger-Kordofanian (~71%), European (~13%), and other African (~8%) populations, although admixture levels varied considerably among individuals. This study helps tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans, aiding both anthropological and genetic epidemiologic studies. PMID:19407144

Tishkoff, Sarah A.; Reed, Floyd A.; Friedlaender, Françoise R.; Ehret, Christopher; Ranciaro, Alessia; Froment, Alain; Hirbo, Jibril B.; Awomoyi, Agnes A.; Bodo, Jean-Marie; Doumbo, Ogobara; Ibrahim, Muntaser; Juma, Abdalla T.; Kotze, Maritha J.; Lema, Godfrey; Moore, Jason H.; Mortensen, Holly; Nyambo, Thomas B.; Omar, Sabah A.; Powell, Kweli; Pretorius, Gideon S.; Smith, Michael W.; Thera, Mahamadou A.; Wambebe, Charles; Weber, James L.; Williams, Scott M.

2010-01-01

91

The African-American house as a vehicle of discovery for an African-American architecture  

E-print Network

The purpose of this research is three-fold: (1) This thesis seeks to uncover evidence of a distinctly African-American architectural form. The primary building type observed will be the house, or the housing of African-Americans ...

Clarke, Charles E. (Charles Edward)

1996-01-01

92

Investigating Instructional Practices of an African American Male Mathematics Teacher with Underachieving African American Male Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the instructional practices of an experienced African American mathematics teacher to determine his perceived capabilities in augmenting academic proficiency for his African American male students. Provided in this descriptive case study are the lived experiences of an African American male teacher working to move…

Muhammad, Rhonda K.

2012-01-01

93

Suicidal Behaviors in the African American Community  

PubMed Central

This article reviews the risk and protective factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors in the African American community. The authors provide a brief review of the history of suicide research in African American communities and critique some of the paradigms and underlying assumptions that have made it difficult to address the problem of suicidal behaviors in the African American community. The article also summarizes the articles that are presented in this special edition of the Journal of Black Psychology on suicidality in the African American community. PMID:17047727

Crosby, Alex; Molock, Sherry Davis

2006-01-01

94

An African American Resour to the University of Californ  

E-print Network

#12;#12;An African American Resour to the University of Californ Table of Contents Message from . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 African American Community Calendar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 An African American Resource Guide to the University of California, Irvine #12;Welcome! We

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

95

Ethnicity, Nativity and the Health of American Blacks  

PubMed Central

Few national studies have empirically examined ethnic differences in health within the American Black population. We utilized logistic regression to examine the relationships among ethnicity, nativity, depressive symptoms, and physical health in the two largest ethnic groups of American Blacks, African Americans and Caribbean Blacks. The data were from the National Survey of American Life, an in-person national household survey representative of the non-institutionalized U.S. Black population. We found that African Americans, U.S.-born Caribbean Blacks, and Caribbean-born Blacks had significantly different self-ratings of their health and self-reports of being diagnosed with a chronic physical health condition. Whether assessed by self-rated health or the presence of at least one physician diagnosed chronic health condition, Caribbean-born Blacks had the best health outcomes and U.S.-born Caribbean Blacks had the worst. This finding remained significant even after considering self-reported depressive symptoms. This study highlights the importance of considering ethnic diversity, nativity and immigration as independent sources of variation in health status within the American Black population. PMID:21317512

Griffith, Derek M.; Johnson, Jonetta; Zhang, Rong; Neighbors, Harold W.; Jackson, James S.

2012-01-01

96

The Manipulation of Race, Caste and Identity: Classifying Afro Americans, Native Americans and Red-Black People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the historical plight of African Americans, Native Americans, and those of mixed ancestry in their fight against stereotyping, racism, and prejudice, and their fight for the right to self-identification and self-definition in the United States. Considers the various classifications of different races and the reasons for these…

Forbes, Jack D.

1990-01-01

97

Monograph Highlights Research in Native American Populations  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has released a new monograph that summarizes NCI's first concerted nationwide effort to address the cancer prevention and control needs of the Native American population.

98

Wild Plants Used by the Native Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes 10 wild plants used by Native Americans. They include: rose hips; the common milkweed; cattails; elderberries; cactus fruits; lamb's quarters pigweeds (Chenopodium sp.); persimmons; mints (Monardo sp.); the yucca; and the hawthorn. Illustrations of each plant are included. (JN)

Nature Study, 1984

1984-01-01

99

African American Evaluations of Black English and Standard American English  

Microsoft Academic Search

AfricanAmerican undergraduates evaluated two language guises: BlackEnglish and Standard American English. The speaker in these guises described activities in a weekend (informal) and in a business (formal) setting. Based on their scores on the African Self-Consciousness Scale, 55 respondents were categorized as having either a low or high commitment to an African American identity. Results showed that persons without a

Michael J. White; Beverly J. Vandiver; Maria L. Becker; Belinda G. Overstreet; Linda E. Temple; Kelly L. Hagan; Emily P. Mandelbaum

1998-01-01

100

Gifted Native American Students: Underperforming, Under-Identified, and Overlooked  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been limited focus among researchers on the nature and needs of gifted Native American students in the past 30 years, and the work that has been done frequently generalizes findings across Native American cultures. This article reviews recent literature on Native American youth and on gifted Native American students; examines the current…

Gentry, Marcia; Fugate, C. Matthew

2012-01-01

101

HYPERTENSION TELEMANAGEMENT IN AFRICAN AMERICANS  

PubMed Central

Background We propose evaluation of a multi-component home automated telemanagement (HAT) system providing integrated support to both clinicians and patients in implementing hypertension treatment guidelines. Methods In a randomized clinical study 550 African Americans with hypertension are followed for 18 months. The major components of the intervention and control groups are identical and are based on the current standard of care. For the purpose of this study, we define “standard of care” as the expected evidence-based care provided according to the current hypertension treatment guidelines. While intervention and control groups are similar in terms of their care components, they differ in the mode of care delivery. For the control group the best attempt is made to deliver all components of a guideline-concordant care in a routine clinical environment whereas for the intervention group the routine clinical environment is enhanced with Health Information Technology (IT) that assists clinicians and patients in working together in implementing treatment guidelines. The HAT system guides patients in following their individualized treatment plans and helps care coordination team in monitoring the patient progress. The study design is aimed at addressing the main question of this trial: whether the addition of the IT-enhanced care coordination in the routine primary care setting can improve delivery of evidence-based hypertension care in African Americans. The outcome parameters include quality of life, medical care utilization, treatment compliance, psychosocial variables and improvement in blood pressure control rates. Conclusions The trial will provide insight on the potential impact of IT-enhanced care coordination in African Americans with poorly controlled hypertension. PMID:20031848

Finkelstein, Joseph; Cha, Eunme

2009-01-01

102

African Americans and World War II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the experience of African Americans during World War II on the homefront and in the armed forces. States that African Americans not only fought fascism overseas but also apartheid in the United States, also known as the "Double V." (CMK)

Kersten, Andrew E.

2002-01-01

103

Transcript African Americans and Lung Cancer  

Cancer.gov

Transcript African Americans and Lung Cancer Hello. I’m Dr. Christopher Lathan of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Of all ethnic/racial and gender groups in the United States, African American men are the most likely to develop lung cancer and also to die

104

Improving African American Achievement in Geometry Honors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study evaluated the significance of implementing an enrichment mathematics course during the summer to rising African American ninth graders entitled, "Geometry Honors Preview." In the past, 60 to 70 percent of African American students in this school district had withdrawn from Geometry Honors by the second academic quarter. This study…

Mims, Adrian B.

2010-01-01

105

Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

2009-01-01

106

African Americans and the Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly outlines the ways race and technology shaped: (1) the early enslavement of African Americans; (2) the work of bondsmen and women during the antebellum era; and (3) the increasing urbanization of the African American population during the industrial age. (CMK)

Trotter, Joe William, Jr.

2000-01-01

107

Professor, Communication Studies and African American Studies  

E-print Network

Professor, Communication Studies and African American Studies Director of African American Studies Program Ph.D., Indiana University, 1998 Information Technology Solutions February 16, 2012 6:30pm, Africana Studies, Office of Multicultural Student Affairs, Office of Academic Enhancement, BOND & UBS

Miami, University of

108

Improving Outcomes for Urban African American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores causes for the disproportionate representation of African American students in mild mental retardation and serious emotional disturbances special education categories. Provides recommendations to promote positive academic and social behavior for African American students that may prevent the students' need for specialized education…

Gardner, Ralph, III; Miranda, Antoinette Halsell

2001-01-01

109

Recruitment Is Not Enough: Retaining African American Students in Gifted Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In public school systems all around the country, educators--teachers, counselors, and administrators--have made significant progress in identifying and recruiting diverse populations in gifted and enrichment programs. Despite the efforts, too many African American students and other students of color (e.g., Hispanic Americans and Native Americans)…

Moore, James L., III; Ford, Donna Y.; Milner, H. Richard

2005-01-01

110

African American Oral History Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Telling the story of Louisville's African American community is an ambitious goal and the University of Louisville's Oral History Center has done a fine job with this website. The process began in the 1970s with funding from the Kentucky Oral History Commission, which supported the collection's first batch of interviews. A wide range of people was interviewed for the project, including politicians, doctors, musicians, and educators as well as "regular folks." Currently, there are 27 interviews, and visitors can browse through them to get a sense of the offerings. One particularly fascinating interviewee is Dr. Jesse Bell, a longtime physician in Louisville. The collection will intrigue historians, urbanologists, and others with a passion for the American experience.

2010-01-01

111

HMO employment and African-American physicians.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To assess the level and determinants of African-American physicians' employment in health maintenance organizations (HMOs), particularly early in their careers. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 1991 and 1996 Young Physicians Surveys to assess racial differences in the likelihood of HMO employment (n = 3,705). Using multinomial logistic regression, we evaluated four explanations for an observed relationship between African-American physicians and HMO employment: human capital stratification among organizations, race-based affinity between physicians and patients, financial constraints due to debt burden, and different organizational hiring practices. Using binomial logistic regression, we also evaluated differences in the odds of being turned down for a prior practice position, of subsequently leaving the current practice organization and of later having career doubts. RESULTS: Without any controls, African-American physicians were 4.52 times more likely to practice in HMOs than Caucasian physicians. After controlling for human capital stratification, racial concordance and financial constraints, African-American physicians remained 2.48 times more likely to practice in HMOs than Caucasian physicians. In addition, 19.2% of African-American physicians in HMOs reported being turned down for another job, far more than any other racial/ethnic group in the HMO setting and any racial/ethnic group, including African-American physicians in the non-HMO setting (including all other practice locations). Five years later, those same African-American physicians from HMOs also reported significantly more turnover (7.50 times more likely than non-HMO African-American physicians to leave their current practice) and doubt about their careers (2.17 times more likely than non-HMO African-American physicians to express serious career doubts). CONCLUSIONS: African-American physicians were disproportionately hired into HMO settings, impacting their subsequent careers. PMID:16916130

Briscoe, Forrest; Konrad, Thomas R.

2006-01-01

112

The Center for Native American Youth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Aspen Institute, the Center for Native American Youth is "dedicated to improving the health, safety and overall well-being of Native American youth through communication, policy development and advocacy. The Center was founded by former US Senator Byron Dorgan to communicate with and assist tribes with the challenges Native youth face today. On the homepage, visitors can make their way through seven areas, including Our Work, Resources, Champions for Change, and Media Gallery. In the Resources area visitors can learn about the Be Excited About Reading (BEAR) Project, national help hotlines, and jobs and internships with the Center's key partners around the country. The Media Gallery contains public service announcements, their YouTube channel, and newsletters dating back to June 2011. A highlight of this resource is the Listening to Youth section, which offers direct testimony from young Native Americans about what's important to them.

113

Impegno nero: Italian Intellectuals and the African-American Struggle  

E-print Network

poverty, and violence decried by much African-Americanpoverty in Italy, and that the militant opposition to injustice central to African-AmericanAfrican Americans mirrored those on European minorities during the war, that the miseries of black poverty

Leavitt IV, Charles L.

2013-01-01

114

Help-Seeking Experiences and Attitudes among African American, Asian American, and European American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined African American, Asian American, and European American college students' previous direct and indirect experiences of seeking professional psychological services and related attitudes. Survey data were collected from 254 European American, 182 African American and 82 Asian American college students. Results revealed that fewer…

Masuda, Akihiko; Anderson, Page L.; Twohig, Michael P.; Feinstein, Amanda B.; Chou, Ying-Yi; Wendell, Johanna W.; Stormo, Analia R.

2009-01-01

115

Fatigue Severity among African Americans: Gender and Age Interactions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between fatigue, age, and gender among African Americans, Caucasians, and Latinos. Survey results found significant age and gender interactions among African Americans and Caucasians. African American women and older African American men had the highest fatigue rates. There was no significant difference in levels of…

Song, Sharon; Jason, Leonard A.; Taylor, Renee R.; Torres-Harding, Susan R.; Helgerson, Jena; Witter, Elizabeth

2002-01-01

116

African Americans, U.S. Poverty, and International Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical rates of poverty among African Americans often hide the cultural and historical nature of their intended consequences. Unfavorable outcomes for social change can occur when viewing poverty among African Americans in isolation from their unique historical and cultural experiences and U.S. social, political, and capitalistic influences. While pressures to subordinate African Americans continue, African Americans also exert pressure (e.g.,

Valerie Borum

2007-01-01

117

The African-American History of Martha's Vineyard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on research into African American history and experiences in Martha's Vineyard (Massachusetts). Examines primary sources and oral traditions of African American cultural and social history from 1703 to the present. Discusses African American sailors, race relations, and contributions by African American individuals to the community. (CFR)

Weintraub, Elaine

1993-01-01

118

Hypertensive risk factors in kidney disease in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypertensive risk factors in kidney disease in African Americans. African Americans with hypertension more commonly develop renal insufficiency compared to Caucasians. The African American Study of Kidney Disease (AASK) included a renal biopsy pilot study that demonstrated that the clinical diagnosis of so-called hypertensive nephrosclerosis in these African American patients indeed was accurate. This biopsy study demonstrated extensive global glomerulosclerosis,

Agnes B. Fogo

2003-01-01

119

ANARAP and the Future of Native American Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Funded in 1979, the Administration for Native American Research Analysis Project (ANARAP), had three primary objectives: (1) to create a computerized data base of the past decade of research about Native Americans (including American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Hawaii natives), especially research concerning natural and human resource…

Hill, L. Brooks; Lujan, Philip

120

African American Women's Preparation for Childbirth From the Perspective of African American Health-Care Providers.  

PubMed

Preparation for birthing has focused primarily on Caucasian women. No studies have explored African American women's birth preparation. From the perceptions of 12 African American maternity health-care providers, this study elicited perceptions of the ways in which pregnant African American women prepare for childbirth. Focus group participants answered seven semistructured questions. Four themes emerged: connecting with nurturers, traversing an unresponsive system, the need to be strong, and childbirth classes not a priority. Recommendations for nurses and childbirth educators include: (a) self-awareness of attitudes toward African Americans, (b) empowering of clients for birthing, (c) recognition of the role that pregnant women's mothers play, (d) tailoring of childbirth classes for African American women, and (e) research on how racism influences pregnant African American women's preparation for birthing. PMID:22211059

Abbyad, Christine; Robertson, Trina Reed

2011-01-01

121

Lung Cancer and African Americans: Know the Facts  

MedlinePLUS

... white Americans: for example, from 2003 to 2007, African American men had a 23 percent higher rate of new lung cancer diagnoses than white men. African Americans also have a lower five-year relative survival rate than whites. ...

122

75 FR 6081 - National African American History Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...many hard-working Americans whose legacies are...opportunity for most African Americans, yet substantial obstacles...the vicious cycle of poverty--still pose enormous...past generations of African Americans to rise above the...

2010-02-05

123

Native American Authors: An IPL bibliographic project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by five graduate students at the University of Michigan, this bibliographic site covers approximately 400 Native American authors, 700 books and 200 URLs. The collected information may be accessed by browsing author name, book title, or tribe. Author pages list tribe and works, and most have links to web pages that focus on the author. Each tribe also has a page with links, and each book has a page with bibliographic data. This is not a site with content about particular authors; rather, it offers an annotated bibliography of print and web sources that will help anyone interested in learning more about Native American authors.

124

Adversarial Diplomacy and African American Politics  

E-print Network

financial and organizational support for the lobby. Thelend their financial support to, the new lobby. Respondingfinancial challenges that faced African Americans in attempting to build support for their lobby,

Williams II, Ronald Cartell

2011-01-01

125

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

MedlinePLUS

... population and only 12 percent of the U.S. population. People experiencing homelessness are at a greater risk of developing a mental illness. • Nearly half of all prisoners in the United States are African American. Prison ...

126

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans Update for RTOG in Tampa Feb 2, 2007 Patrick D. Maguire, MD New Hanover Regional (NHRMC) Update for NHRMC Feb 2, 2007 I. Radiotherapy (RT) Clinical Trials II. Publications III. Partnership & Telesynergy IV. Patient

127

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans New Hanover Regional Medical Center Coastal Area Health Education Center University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of North Carolina at Wilmington Report given at the Program Steering Committee

128

Cancer and the African American Experience PPT  

Cancer.gov

EPEC-O Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care - Oncology Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans EPEC - Oncology Education in Palliative and End-of-life Care -Oncology : Cultural Considerations When Caring

129

Native Americans in Public Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Family Spirit Project provides health and parenting education and in-home support to Navajo and Apache teen parents. The public-health careers of Native professionals allied with the project are described, including a public health administrator, a trainer of field workers, and a medical researcher specializing in communicable diseases that…

Westberg, Jane

2003-01-01

130

African American Men and Intimate Partner Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on interviews with African American males in violent intimate relationships, this paper focuses on individual causes\\u000a (exposure to violence), cultural causes (constructions of masculinity) and structural causes (unemployment and incarceration)\\u000a of intimate partner violence (IPV) among African American men. IPV is “triggered” by two threats to masculinity, though I\\u000a focus exclusively on the first trigger (breadwinning). The analyses are

Earl Smith

2008-01-01

131

The Cultural Context of Educational Evaluation: A Native American Perspective  

NSF Publications Database

... to the Academic Achievement of Native American Students PDF (172K) SESSION 2: Resource Organizations ... Education/Training Opportunities for Native American Evaluators PDF (136K) SESSION 4: Developing ...

132

Gallstones in American Indian/Alaska Native Women  

MedlinePLUS

... Health > American Indians/Alaska Natives Minority Women's Health Gallstones Health conditions common in American Indian and Alaska Native women: More information on gallstones Gallstones are pieces of solid matter that form ...

133

77 FR 71396 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Relations Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY: Office of Tribal...meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR) a public advisory...methods of maximizing the number of new farming and ranching opportunities created...

2012-11-30

134

77 FR 43571 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY: Office of Tribal...meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR) a public advisory...methods of maximizing the number of new farming and ranching opportunities created...

2012-07-25

135

78 FR 23206 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY: Office of Tribal...meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR) a public advisory...methods of maximizing the number of new farming and ranching opportunities created...

2013-04-18

136

78 FR 49444 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY: Office of Tribal...meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR) a public advisory...methods of maximizing the number of new farming and ranching opportunities created...

2013-08-14

137

78 FR 70259 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY: Office of Tribal...meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR) a public advisory...methods of maximizing the number of new farming and ranching opportunities created...

2013-11-25

138

Massachusetts Historical Society: Photographs of Native Americans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Photographic portraits of Native Americans from the central and western United States are prominent in the collection of the Massachusetts Historical Society because of four Bostonian collectors who were active from the 1860s to the early 1900s. The portraits are in several different forms that were popular at the time of their production. Cartes de Visite ("calling cards"), platinotypes, photogravures, and tintypes are all represented in the collection. The striking photograph on the homepage, "The Sunset of a Dying Race", was typical of the theme of early photographs of Native Americans. Visitors should click on the title underneath the photo to read about the manipulations the photographer, Joseph Dixon, engaged in to create the romantic theme of the vanishing Native American. Visitors should check out the "Photographs of Adam Clark Vroman", a photographer who didn't romanticize his Native American photographic subjects. His subjects were "photographed simply, directly, and sympathetically." In addition to portraits, he also took beautiful photographs of the landscapes of the Southwestern United States.

139

Influence of Family on Native American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Native American"* postsecondary education students encounter several barriers to academic persistence including cultural assimilation issues, limited access to career information services, and an individual sense of duty and responsibility to remain tied to traditional spiritual values and beliefs systems, joined with family pressure to…

Fox, Lisa J.

2012-01-01

140

Wisdomkeepers: Meetings with Native American Spiritual Elders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book documents meetings with Native American elders who shared their tribal stories of origin, sacred traditions, social life and customs, and traditional wisdom. The idea for the book began when a Cherokee medicine man requested that his tribal knowledge be documented for future generations. For the past 10 years, the spiritual elders of…

Arden, Harvey; Wall, Steve

141

Anthropological Studies of Native American Place Names.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces development of Native American place name studies from Boas (1880s) to the present. Argues that place names convey information about physical environments but also reveal how people perceive, conceptualize, and utilize their environment. Suggests the utility of place names as a framework for cultural analysis and describes recent…

Thornton, Thomas F.

1997-01-01

142

American Indian/Alaskan Native Dropout Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dropout rates for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) are higher than those of other racial/ethnic groups, but the overall or national AI/AN dropout rate is not known. In an attempt to generate a national rate, data were collected from 26 state departments of education, the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), and tribally controlled schools;…

Swisher, Karen; And Others

143

Native American Languages as Heritage Mother Tongues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines current efforts to revitalise, stabilise, and maintain Indigenous languages in the USA. Most Native American languages are no longer acquired as a first language by children. They are nonetheless languages of identity and heritage, and in this sense can and should be considered mother tongues. The article begins with a…

McCarty, Teresa L.

2008-01-01

144

Growing Up Native American. An Anthology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology contains 22 essays and fictional writings about childhood by well-known Native American writers of the United States and Canada, from the 19th century to the 1990s. Selections include short stories, excerpts from novels, autobiographical sketches, and essays about the relationship between language and culture, family relationships,…

Riley, Patricia, Ed.

145

Stylized Figures: Inspired by Native American Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching elementary-level art in the Pacific Northwest makes it natural for the author to develop a lesson based on Native American art of the area. The designs of the Northwest Indians can sometimes be a bit too sophisticated for the students to grasp, however, and it can be frustrating when developing such a project. Over a Labor Day weekend,…

Jensen, Susie B.

2013-01-01

146

Woodland Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the tribes of the woodland culture area, extending from the Mississippi River to the Atlantic Ocean and from Florida to the Great Lakes. Written in simple language, the booklet provides an overview of the regional culture, as well as,…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

147

Desert Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the history and culture of the Navajo, Pueblo, and other Indian tribes of the southwest desert. Written in simple language, the booklet provides background information, activities, legends, and illustrations. Topics include the climate of the…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

148

Coastal Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background information, legends, games, illustrations, and art projects are provided in this booklet introducing elementary students to the history and culture of Indian tribes of the North Pacific Coast and Pacific Northwest. One in a series of Native American instructional materials, the booklet provides an overview of the coastal culture area,…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

149

Plains Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the tribes of the plains culture area, extending from the Rocky Mountains to the Mississippi River and from Texas to Canada. Written in simple language, the booklet begins with a brief description of the region--its extreme climate and the…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

150

Diabetes in American Indians and Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

... diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf) 9 times higher • Likelihood of American Indian and Alaska Native youth aged 10-19 diagnosed type 2 diabetes compared to non-Hispanic whites (1.74 1000 vs. 0.19 per 1000; 2001). Source: SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study (http:// ...

151

Native American Games for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While playing simple games is creative active fun for kids, such fun can lead to learning of social science content and examination of values. The study of traditional Native American games can: (1) show young people that people of other times and other cultures were similar to them in many fundamental ways; (2) introduce children to some simple…

Harvey, Karen D., Comp.

152

Studies in Native American Languages 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers on Native American languages include these: "Reduplicated Numerals in Salish" (Gregory D. S. Anderson), which analyzes these patterns in Salish and compares them with other Salish languages; "Unitariness and Partial Identification in the Bella Coola Middle Voice" (David Beck), which argues for a single morpheme, instead of several, for…

Kyle, John, Ed.; Khym, Hangyoo, Ed.; Kookiattikoon, Supath, Ed.

1997-01-01

153

for african and african-american students at arizona state university  

E-print Network

for african and african-american students at arizona state university aresourceguide #12;Welcome and helped to forge the modern American west through significant efforts like those of the Buffalo Soldiers, organizations and businesses that support our local African and African-American communities. We look forward

154

Dimensions of Native American Stereotyping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports responses of 226 University of Texas undergraduates concerning their stereotypical perceptions of American Indians. Examines cultural stereotypes, personal stereotypes, perceived degree of Indian homogeneity, attitudes toward assimilation, and victim blaming. Suggests an emergent Indian stereotype based on cultural relativism prevailing…

Hanson, Jeffery R.; Rouse, Linda P.

1987-01-01

155

African-American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network, Number 19  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Issue 19 (Early Winter 1997) of the African - American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network has been posted by the publisher, New South Associates. Contents include a case study on Slavery and Consumerism, notices of current excavations and research, Internet resources, book reviews and notes, and professional news and announcements.

1997-01-01

156

Teaching African American Youth: Learning from the Lives of Three African American Social Studies Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the life histories of three African American social studies teachers, focusing on the evolution and changes in their identities, perspectives, and attitudes related to their profession and instructional practice. In addition, the study addresses the significance of the teachers' racialized experiences as African Americans and…

McBride, Chantee Earl

2010-01-01

157

Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2009-01-01

158

CROSS INFECTION OF LATENT PATHOGENS AMONG FOUR NATIVE SOUTH AFRICAN TREE SPECIES  

E-print Network

CROSS INFECTION OF LATENT PATHOGENS AMONG FOUR NATIVE SOUTH AFRICAN TREE SPECIES Prepared by Dr. Fahimeh Jami Four native South African tree species that were sampled in this study and their fungal, Botryosphaeriaceae species overlap on four unrelated, native South African hosts. Fungal Biology 118: 168-179. www

159

What's the Next Step: Cultivating Relationships with Native American Peoples  

E-print Network

What's the Next Step: Cultivating Relationships with Native American Peoples Abstract The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) passed with the intent of addressing long of NAGPRA. A project was devised to bring more interaction between SDAM and Native American peoples. Phase

Rock, Chris

160

Developing the Library Collection for Native American Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article examines the development of the adult and children's library collection for Native American studies. The discussion of Native American studies includes a review of the types of literature that should be in the library acquisitions, a list of criteria for evaluating Native American literature, a discussion of examples of literature that meet the criteria, and a review of

Donna E. Norton; Saundra E. Norton

1993-01-01

161

Native Americans In Elementary School Social Studies Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the treatment of Native Americans in 34 elementary social studies textbooks on the adopted textbook list in Virginia. Explains how ten basic concepts are covered, what evaluative terms are used to describe Native Americans, and how Native Americans are treated in pictures in the texts. (SB)

Ferguson, Maxel J.; Fleming, Dan B.

1984-01-01

162

Kidney disease in African Americans: genetic considerations.  

PubMed Central

African Americans shoulder a disproportionately high burden of kidney disease when compared with white Americans. While environmental factors such as poverty and poor health habits, and the high prevalence of risk factors such as obesity, contribute to the high rate of kidney disease in this population, genetic factors may also contribute. Studies of polymorphisms in genes encoding the proteins of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system have identified alleles that are associated with kidney disease or changes in renal function in some populations. A higher prevalence of such alleles in African Americans may contribute to the increased prevalence of kidney disease. Diabetes mellitus and hypertension, the main causes of end-stage renal disease in the United States, are more prevalent in African Americans. However, no direct links between diabetic or hypertensive kidney disease and any genetic polymorphisms seen in African Americans have been identified. Further research is thus required to elucidate the genetic components that contribute to the high prevalence of kidney disease in African Americans. PMID:12152908

Price, Deborah A.; Crook, Errol D.

2002-01-01

163

Gateway to African-American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This gateway created by the State Department's International Information Programs features well-annotated links to Internet sites devoted to African-American literature and historical studies or involved with African-American issues. The site links to bibliographies, archival and research sites, presidential speeches, and full-text versions of government reports and articles on such topics as The Amistad Revolt, the Civil Rights Movement, and President Clinton's National Conversation on Race. A link is also provided to The Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History whose theme for this millennial Black History Month is "Heritage and Horizons: The African-American Legacy and the Challenges of the 21st Century."

164

Cues used for distinguishing African American and European American voices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Past studies have shown that listeners can distinguish most African American and European American voices, but how they do so is poorly understood. Three experiments were designed to investigate this problem. Recordings of African American and European American college students performing various reading tasks were used as the basis for stimuli in all three. In the first experiment, stimuli were subjected to monotonization, lowpass filtering at 660 Hz, and no modification. In the second, stimuli featuring certain ethnically diagnostic vowels and control stimuli were subjected to monotonization, conversion of vowels to schwa, or no modification. In the third, stimuli featuring diagnostic vowels and control stimuli were modified so that the intonation of paired African American and European American speakers was swapped. In all three experiments, African American and European American listeners in North Carolina and European American listeners in West Virginia identified the ethnicity of the speaker of each stimulus. Vowel quality emerged as the most consistent cue for identifications. However, listeners accessed other cues differently for male and female speakers. Breathiness was correlated with identifications of male speakers but not of female speakers. F0-related factors proved more important for female speakers than for male speakers. [Work supported by NSF.

Thomas, Erik R.; Lass, Norman J.

2005-04-01

165

Addressing the lack of Baseball Consumption amongst African Americans  

E-print Network

representation, and African American players in pop-culture. The current study examined African American attitudes towards baseball consumption by investigating the role of perceived fit and its association with the theory of reasoned action. The study...

Brown, Brandon Leigh

2013-08-06

166

78 FR 34241 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Proclamation 8992--African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 Presidential...8992 of May 31, 2013 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 By the President...lasting freedom. Through every generation, music has reflected and renewed our...

2013-06-06

167

Challenges to Native American health care.  

PubMed Central

Native American health care programs face complex and unprecedented challenges resulting from the increased assumption of clinical operations by tribal authorities, shortfalls in Federal funding, modifications in state and Federal health and welfare programs, and intensifying involvement with managed care organizations. These challenges are further complicated by service populations that are increasing at a faster rate than the growth in funding. The authors conducted onsite surveys of 39 Native American health programs in 10 states in order to assess the organizational and management problems they faced. The trend toward transfer of health programs from the Indian Health Service to tribal operation seems likely to continue and accelerate. The survey results indicate that in order for programs to be effective in the long run, they will need to be guided by skilled managers able to adapt to these powerful changes in the health care environment. Images p[23]-a p27-a p28-a p30-a PMID:9885525

Noren, J; Kindig, D; Sprenger, A

1998-01-01

168

Drugs and Native-American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reservation Native-American youth (12-17) use drugs more than other youth, particularly marijuana, inhalants, stimulants and cocaine. Anit-drug messages may have influenced light users, whose use has dropped, but not heavy users; one in five Indian youth use drugs other than marijuana, a rate constant since 1981. Drug use is linked neither to emotional distress nor acculturation stress. It is related

E R Oetting; Ruth W Edwards; Fred Beauvais

1989-01-01

169

Postmodern Perspective on the Economics of African American Fatherhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economics of African American fatherhood have not been effectively conveyed to social work practitioners. The prevailing\\u000a assumption of African American fathers by practitioners is that they are absent or dysfunctional. Despite the existence of\\u000a successful African American fathers, bias in the literature and practice reinforce deficit models as African American. To\\u000a eliminate bias, social scientists and human service practitioners

Ronald E. Hall; Jonathan N. Livingston; Valerie V. Henderson; Glenn O. Fisher; Rebekah Hines

2007-01-01

170

Conducting Children's Health Insurance Outreach in African American Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, 19.7 percent of African American children were uninsured. Since a majority of African American children live in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line, they are eligible for free or low-cost insurance coverage. This report presents strategies for facilitating the recruitment and enrollment of African American

Patterson, Jacqueline

171

Perceptions of Domestic Violence: A Dialogue with African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although empirical research has accumulated over the past 20 years regarding African Americans and domestic violence, many questions remain about African American perceptions of domestic violence. This article explores African American women's perceptions about domestic violence through three focus groups held at a New York social services agency.…

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B.

2004-01-01

172

African American Males in Counseling: Who's Pulling the Trigger Now?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American males face numerous challenges to their physical and psychological well-being. This project is a survey of the literature and trends relative to African American males from 1987 to the present. In reviewing the fifteen years since Parham and McDavis published their now famous article on African American men as an endangered…

Bethea-Whitfield, Patricia

173

African American Single Mothers Raising Sons: Implications for Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being raised by a single mother is one factor that has been suggested as contributing to the plight of African American males. Yet few studies have focused specifically on African American single mothers' experiences with raising sons. This qualitative study explored the following questions: (1) What are the experiences of African American single…

Gantt, Ann L.; Greif, Geoffrey L.

2009-01-01

174

Parent Support and African American Adolescents' Career Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that African American adolescents are not being prepared to enter the workforce at the same rates as adolescents from other ethnic groups. While educational and career options were unavailable to African Americans in previous eras, today educational and career opportunities abound, yet many young African Americans are not in a…

Alliman-Brissett, Annette E.; Turner, Sherri L.; Skovholt, Thomas M.

2004-01-01

175

Cultural Alignment African American Male Youths and Violent Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four theories-racial inferiority, culture of poverty, racial discrimination, and political economy-are usually advanced to explain violence among African Americans. These theories, however, fail to underscore the deleterious influence that cultural oppression and cultural alienation have on African Americans generally and African American male youths specifically. To examine the role both cultural oppression and cultural alienation play in the lives of

Jerome H. Schiele

1998-01-01

176

Teachers' Reactions to African American Students' Movement Styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public education system in the United States has overidentified African American children as targets for special education. In 1998, figures released by the U.S. Department of Education showed that African American students comprised 21% of all students in special education courses in the United States. Yet, African American students account for only 16.8% of the public school population. Research

La Vonne I. Neal; Audrey Davis McCray; Gwendolyn Webb-Johnson

2001-01-01

177

Exposure of African-American Youth to Alcohol Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Despite occasional media and community spotlights on the marketing of alcohol products in the African-American community, there has been no systematic review of the…

2003

178

Oral Cancer in African Americans: Addressing Health Disparities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To explore factors underlying African Americans' perceptions of oral cancer and the oral cancer exam. Study findings were used to guide development of oral cancer messages designed to increase oral cancer exams among African Americans. Methods: Focus groups were conducted to understand African Americans' attitudes and expectations…

Dodd, Virginia J.; Watson, Jennifer M.; Choi, Youjin; Tomar, Scott L.; Logan, Henrietta L.

2008-01-01

179

African American Acculturation and Black Racial Identity: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between acculturation and racial identity among African Americans. One hundred eighty-seven African American students completed the Black Racial Identity Attitude Scale and the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS). Acculturation was associated with three of the five AAAS subscales: Dissonance, Immersion, and…

Pope-Davis, Donald B.; Liu, William M.; Ledesma-Jones, Shannon; Nevitt, Jonathan

2000-01-01

180

BLACK MASCULINITY AND BASKETBALL AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDIES 398DT  

Microsoft Academic Search

and by appointment Because over 80% of NBA basketball players are African American and the style of play that emerged from African-American communities dominates the professional game, basketball is culturally marked as black. Larry Bird, a three-time NBA MVP, and the best non-African American player of the last thirty years maintained that basketball is \\

Damion Thomas

181

Empowerment Groups for Urban African American Girls: A Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the author wanted to read Bemak, Chung, and Siroskey-Sabdo's article in an objective sense, her response to their article is most likely influenced by her own experiences as an African American female and mother of an African American daughter. To her, the paramount issue facing African American females is the double and sometimes triple…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl C.

2005-01-01

182

Recruitment Is Not Enough: Retaining African American Students in Gifted Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In public school systems all around the country, educators—teachers, counselors, and administrators—have made significant progress in identifying and recruiting diverse populations in gifted and enrichment programs. Despite the efforts, too many African American students and other students of color (e.g., Hispanic Americans and Native Americans) are not faring well in gifted education. The social and cultural obstacles (e.g., racial and

James L. Moore; Donna Y. Ford; H. Richard Milner

2005-01-01

183

Dimensions of Acculturation in Native American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were applied to the responses of two respective independent samples of Native American college students on the Native American Acculturation Scale (NAAS). Three correlated dimensions were found to underlie NAAS items and these dimensions may also comprise a broader higher order dimension of Native

Reynolds, Amy L.; Sodano, Sandro M.; Ecklund, Timothy R.; Guyker, Wendy

2012-01-01

184

Natives and Academics: Researching and Writing about American Indians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology provides Native perspectives on the ethics of researching, writing about, and teaching about American Indians, and may be used as a text for discussion in American Indian Studies classes. Leading Native scholars discuss the representativeness of Native informants, the merits of various data collection methods, the role and veracity…

Mihesuah, Devon A., Ed.

185

"Brothers Gonna Work It Out:" Understanding the Pedagogic Performance of African American Male Teachers Working with African American Male Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from ethnographic data, this paper explores how African American male teachers working with African American male students performed their pedagogy. This paper highlights how teachers' understanding of African American males social and educational needs shaped their pedagogical performance. Interestingly however, teachers' performance was…

Brown, Anthony L.

2009-01-01

186

Cancer Education Resources for American Indians and Alaska Natives. Supplement to Native American Monograph No. 1: Documentation of the Cancer Research Needs of American Indians and Alaska Natives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory provides information on cancer education materials that have been developed specifically for American Indians and Alaska Natives. The goal is to develop and implement culturally appropriate cancer prevention and control programs for Native Americans. The directory includes a matrix of cancer education materials that identifies…

Burhansstipanov, Linda, Comp.; Barry, Kathleen Cooleen, Comp.

187

Native Americans: We Are Here. Newsweek Social Studies Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide contains objectives, activities, vocabulary, suggested readings, visuals, and readings divided into four units of instruction about Native Americans. Unit I examines the history of Native Americans on the North American continent from the precolonial period to the present. Unit II explores representative tribes of the eastern…

Jensen, Beverly

188

The Genetic Ancestry of African Americans, Latinos, and European Americans across the United States.  

PubMed

Over the past 500 years, North America has been the site of ongoing mixing of Native Americans, European settlers, and Africans (brought largely by the trans-Atlantic slave trade), shaping the early history of what became the United States. We studied the genetic ancestry of 5,269 self-described African Americans, 8,663 Latinos, and 148,789 European Americans who are 23andMe customers and show that the legacy of these historical interactions is visible in the genetic ancestry of present-day Americans. We document pervasive mixed ancestry and asymmetrical male and female ancestry contributions in all groups studied. We show that regional ancestry differences reflect historical events, such as early Spanish colonization, waves of immigration from many regions of Europe, and forced relocation of Native Americans within the US. This study sheds light on the fine-scale differences in ancestry within and across the United States and informs our understanding of the relationship between racial and ethnic identities and genetic ancestry. PMID:25529636

Bryc, Katarzyna; Durand, Eric Y; Macpherson, J Michael; Reich, David; Mountain, Joanna L

2015-01-01

189

African American Women Counselors, Wellness, and Spirituality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given their tremendous professional responsibilities, professional counselors face daunting challenges to remaining healthy and avoiding role stress and overload. This article explores the intersection of race, gender, wellness, and spirituality in the self-care of African American women counselors. The authors give particular attention to…

Knowles, Debora; Bryant, Rhonda M.

2011-01-01

190

African Americans' Perspectives on Racial Solidarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the fundamental formulations that shape perspectives on racial solidarity among one group of African Americans. The perspectives gained in this study aid in understanding the existence, origin, and views toward the concept. In-depth, qualitative interviews were conducted with individuals from two generational cohorts: ages 18 to 30 (post-Civil Rights era) and ages 50 and older (Civil Rights

Paula Thompson Ross

2007-01-01

191

Depressive Symptoms in African-American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms in an African American female college student sample (n=78) using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI2) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). MMPI-2 was a more conservative scale than BDI in identifying depressive symptom levels. Discusses stress inoculation methods to assist…

Reed, Michael K.; And Others

1996-01-01

192

Profiling the African American Student Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The African American Student Network (AFAM) originated at a large Predominantly White Institution (PWI) in the Midwest. Including a sample of 163 network participants, the current paper profiles the academic performance of students in the network over its first 4 years. Findings indicate that although participants were similar to the average…

Grier-Reed, Tabitha; Ehlert, John; Dade, Shari

2011-01-01

193

Celebrating African-American Librarians and Librarianship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Celebrates the achievements of African-American librarians and their contributions to librarianship. Identifies and reviews records of scholarship that can serve as starting points for students and scholars. Chronicles achievements of numerous individuals and provides additional resources for further investigation. Suggests areas of further…

Dawson, Alma

2000-01-01

194

African American College Students' Motivation in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Possible motivational factors related to the choice of college major and educational values were studied for 60 African American students. An interview guide was developed with open-ended questions designed to generate narrative about students' thoughts and perceptions of education. Students were asked why they chose their majors, what education…

Hwang, Young Suk; Echols, Celina; Wood, Ralph; Vrongistinos, Konstantinos

195

African American's Perceptions of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes and beliefs about utilization of mental health services of 201 African Americans, 18 years and older, are explored. One hundred and thirty-four females and 66 males participated in mixed sex focus groups conducted in an urban, Midwestern city. Discussion probes addressed participant perceptions of psychotherapists and psychotherapy,…

Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders; Akbar, Maysa D.; Bazile, Anita

196

The Persistence of African American College Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the family dynamics of persistent African American college men. These students were typical Black males, not those pre-categorized as high-achieving or unprepared for college. The stories of participants revealed their strength, ambition, and intentions to successfully gain a baccalaureate degree. In general Black males are…

Beale, Tyson J.

2010-01-01

197

African American Biographies: A Collection Development Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the lack of African American biographies for elementary school libraries and reports the results of a study that surveyed publishers from the Children's Book Council. Examines book reviews, discusses the number of sports figures included, and considers problems with a lack of appropriate materials to support the curriculum. (LRW)

Woody, Donna

2000-01-01

198

Paranoid Ideation among Elderly African American Persons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross sectional study involving 998 independently living elderly African Americans used the Brief Symptom Inventory to measure paranoid ideation and 14 independent variables including demographic characteristics, cognitive deficit, and depression. Paranoid ideation was found in 10% of the sample. Regression analysis revealed 6 of 14 independent…

Bazargan, Mohsen; Bazargan, Shahrzad; King, Lewis

2001-01-01

199

Promotive Parenting Practices among African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine communication/reasoning, behavioral control, and trust as predictors of resourcefulness among African American children during middle childhood (6-12 years of age). Mothers who practice promotive socialization strategies are more likely to rear children who are socially competent and well adjusted. Multiple…

Williams-Wheeler, Meeshay

2011-01-01

200

African American Female Superintendents: Resilient School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six African American female superintendents who had served as superintendents in at least 2 school districts were interviewed to understand ways in which they responded to barriers and adversity in their roles, with a particular emphasis on issues related to sexism and racism. Study participants shared that they work to engage the community and…

Johnson, Bernadeia H.

2012-01-01

201

Elder Maltreatment Among Rural African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elder maltreatment, an unfortunate manifestation of the graying of our nation's population, has been well documented during the last decade; but, a clear definition or understanding of the phenomenon has not been forthcoming. This lack of clarity is particularly evident among older African-Americans and especially among this minority group in rural communities. This paper describes an exploratory study of 10

Linner Ward Griffin

1994-01-01

202

Overview of American Indian/Alaska Native Initiatives  

MedlinePLUS

... Native researchers and educators provides a forum to exchange information on cancer control research and improve community ... Native American Cancer Information Resource Center and Learning Exchange (C.I.R.C.L.E.) has operated ...

203

Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection examine relationships between the Korean American and African American communities in Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York. The contrast between the economic power and lack of political power of Korean Americans and the political power and lack of economic power of African Americans is traced. Essays 2-5 cover Los…

Kim, Kwang Chung, Ed.

204

Long-term trends of native and non-native fish faunas in the American Southwest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long-term trends of native and non-native fish faunas in the American Southwest.— Environmental degradation and the proliferation of non-native fish species threaten the endemic, and highly unique fish faunas of the American Southwest. The present study examines long-term trends (> 160 years) of fish species distributions in the Lower Colorado River Basin and identifies those native species (n = 28)

J. D. Olden; N. L. Poff

2005-01-01

205

45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section 1336...AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native...

2010-10-01

206

45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section 1336...AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native...

2013-10-01

207

45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section 1336...AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native...

2012-10-01

208

45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section 1336...AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native...

2011-10-01

209

New Stories and Broken Necks: Incorporating Native American Texts in the American Literature Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an approach to mainstreaming Native American works into an American literature survey college course using the "Norton Anthology of American Literature." Goals are to situate Native American texts within the canon, accentuate their aesthetic qualities, address the fundamental questions they raise about literature and American literary…

LaLonde, Chris

1996-01-01

210

Whirlwind Woman: Native American Tornado Mythology and Global Parallels.  

E-print Network

??This research encompasses Native North American tornado-related ethnohistorical material from the seventeenth century through the twentieth century. It explores and analyzes the relationships among ancient… (more)

Pybus, Nani Suzette

2009-01-01

211

Socioeconomic profiles of native American communities: Duckwater Shoshone Reservation  

SciTech Connect

This report presents socioeconomic aspects of Native Americans of the Duckwater Shoshone Reservation. A survey is included concerning their views on the proposed Yucca Mountain waste repository. (CBS)

Hamby, M. [Cultural Resources Consultants Ltd., Reno, NV (United States)

1991-10-01

212

AAS African American Studies College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

AAS African American Studies College of Arts and Sciences KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 AAS 200 INTRODUCTION TO AFRICAN and richness of African-American experience across geographic boundaries. AAS 235 INEQUALITIES IN SOCIETY. (3

MacAdam, Keith

213

Teaching Experiences of African American Educators in the Rural South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A scarcity of research exists regarding the voices of African American teachers who taught in the rural South. In this study, we report the life experiences, perceptions, thoughts, and feelings of three female African American educators as they pertain to their experiences teaching before, during, and after desegregation. Three female African

Polidore, Ellene; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2010-01-01

214

Reflections of Native American Teen Mothers  

PubMed Central

Objective To understand the previously lived experience of early childbearing among adult Native American women. Design A community-based participatory research approach. Setting The first interview took place at a mutually agreed upon time and place and averaged 120 minutes. Second interviews were conducted 1 to 3 months later. Participants A convenience sample of 30 self-identified Native American adult women was recruited, and a semi-structured interview explored their early childbearing experiences. Method An interpretive phenomenological study was conducted with a Northwestern tribe. Results All of the women in the study described stressful childhoods. Two primary themes were identified: “Chaotic childhoods,” represented stressful events in youth that introduced or resulted in ongoing chaos in women’s lives. “Diminished childhoods” was used to describe early maturity as a result of assuming extensive responsibilities at a young age. Conclusions The findings suggest that the childhood experiences described by participants may be related to the risk for early childbearing. Prospective research should examine the relationship between young women’s lives and early childbearing in order to design interventions to support them in postponing pregnancy and when they do become pregnant. PMID:20629929

Palacios, Janelle; Kennedy, Holly Powell

2010-01-01

215

African American Evaluations of Black English and Standard American English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the perceptions of 55 African American undergraduates about Black English. Students identified as not having a committed Black identity evaluated Black English as lower in status than those students with a committed Black identity. Black English was not perceived as reflecting higher social solidarity. (SLD)

White, Michael J.; Vandiver, Beverly J.; Becker, Maria L.; Overstreet, Belinda G.; Temple, Linda E.; Hagan, Kelly L.; Mandelbaum, Emily P.

1998-01-01

216

Pitfalls in communication with Hispanic and African-American patients: do translators help or harm?  

PubMed Central

The Martin Luther King County General Hospital, Los Angeles, California, provides services for an equal number of Hispanics (most are recent immigrants from Mexico) and African Americans who have lived in the community since before the Watts riot in 1965. The hospital is staffed by a large percentage of foreign-trained doctors and other personnel who speak some English, but suffer from a lack of understanding of the Hispanic as well as the African-American patients. Very few trained interpreters are provided for the Spanish-speaking population, and no interpreters are provided for African Americans. A 100-question survey on common African-American expressions was conducted in the Department of Family Medicine, as well as an opinion poll to determine if adequate understanding existed between patients and providers. The data revealed that native African-American providers understood significantly more African-American expressions than foreign, white, and Hispanic providers. The opinion poll also revealed inadequate translation of medical complaints from patients through interpreters. In addition, the poll found that diagnoses and instructions were not adequately related to the patients. Furthermore, it was felt that trained interpreters should be provided for all patients who presented communication problems. PMID:1460681

Brooks, T. R.

1992-01-01

217

African American Sheet Music, 1820-1920  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, sheet music was produced in enormous quantities in the United States. To historians and other interested parties, much of this material serves as a way to look at social and cultural mores of the times. This digital collection from Brown University takes a look at the sheet music that reflected attitudes towards African-Americans. Containing several hundred pieces of sheet music, this collection includes songs from the period of antebellum blackface and the abolitionist period. The wide range of material offered here also allows visitors the ability to trace the evolution of certain archetypes in African-American culture, including the appearances of Uncle Tom and Jim Crow. Also included here are a number of insightful essays, such as "Minstrelsy and the Construction of Race in America".

218

Postpartum depression among African-American women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the nature of postpartum depression (PPD) among African-American women. Twelve women, who had experienced PPD within the last three years, were interviewed for approximately one hour at two intervals. Nudist-4 software and the constant comparative method were used to analyze the data. Five themes "Stressing Out," "Feeling Down," "Losing It," "Seeking Help," and "Feeling Better" represented aspects of PPD as experienced by the participants. The last theme, "Dealing with It," represented the cultural ways in which African-American mothers managed their depression. These included Keeping the Faith, Trying to Be a Strong Black Woman, Living with Myths, and Keeping Secrets. Suggestions for future directions in nursing research are included. PMID:12623687

Amankwaa, Linda Clark

2003-01-01

219

Charting the Ancestry of African Americans  

PubMed Central

The Atlantic slave trade promoted by West European empires (15th–19th centuries) forcibly moved at least 11 million people from Africa, including about one-third from west-central Africa, to European and American destinations. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome has retained an imprint of this process, but previous analyses lacked west-central African data. Here, we make use of an African database of 4,860 mtDNAs, which include 948 mtDNA sequences from west-central Africa and a further 154 from the southwest, and compare these for the first time with a publicly available database of 1,148 African Americans from the United States that contains 1,053 mtDNAs of sub-Saharan ancestry. We show that >55% of the U.S. lineages have a West African ancestry, with <41% coming from west-central or southwestern Africa. These results are remarkably similar to the most up-to-date analyses of the historical record. PMID:16175514

Salas, Antonio; Carracedo, Ángel; Richards, Martin; Macaulay, Vincent

2005-01-01

220

Native American Students in North Dakota Special Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on background research and information submitted at a public hearing in Bismarck, North Dakota, on December 13, 1991, this report addresses the extent to which Native American students are treated equally in North Dakota special education programs. It was found that in some schools and special education units, Native American students in…

North Dakota Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

221

Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Joyce and James Herrington, parents of John Herrington, accept a gift during a pre-launch Native American ceremony. They are the parents of John Herrington, mission specialist on mission STS-113. Herrington is the first Native American to be going into space.

2002-01-01

222

Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention in a Rural Native American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationally, the United States has a higher rate of teen pregnancy than any other industrialized nation. Native American youth have a higher birth rate than the national rate. A full-year healthy relationship program, based on Native American teachings, traditions, and cultural norms, was delivered to all eighth-grade students at a rural tribal…

Hagen, Janet W.; Skenandore, Alice H.; Scow, Beverly M.; Schanen, Jennifer G.; Clary, Frieda Hugo

2012-01-01

223

It's about Family: Native American Student Persistence in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a study examining the similarities and differences between Native American student perceptions and the perceptions of state representatives, university presidents, and faculty about persistence factors and barriers to degree completion specific to Native American students at three land-grant universities in…

Guillory, Raphael M.; Wolverton, Mimi

2008-01-01

224

American Indian/Alaska Native Education: Quality in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to move concerns of American Indian/Alaska Native education into the general arena of public education, the National Education Association developed six issue papers, each with proposed actions and suggested readings. "Cultural Values Affecting American Indian/Alaska Native Students," focuses on the prevalence of cultural value…

National Education Association, Washington, DC.

225

Social Work Practice with Native American Families: A Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A handbook on social work practice with Native American families, developed for use by students in undergraduate social work programs and by social service practitioners who work with Native American people, is divided into four sections. The first section contains four articles, written by Joseph A. Dudley (Methodist minister and Yankton Sioux)…

Wintemute, Ginger, Ed.; Messer, Bonnie, Ed.

226

75 FR 67907 - National Native American Heritage Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...During National Native American Heritage Month, we honor and celebrate...immeasurably to our country and our heritage, distinguishing themselves...so our children can get the education and skills they will need...celebrate the contributions and heritage of Native Americans...

2010-11-04

227

New Social Learning from Two Spirit Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors highlight connections between research on Two Spirit Native Americans and standard social studies curriculum. Two Spirit is a Pan-Indian term describing Native Americans who believe they embody both masculine and feminine characteristics/traits in one physical body. Findings from this research expand the field's…

Mayo, J. B., Jr.; Sheppard, Maia

2012-01-01

228

Your Rights: A Handbook for Native American Youth in Arizona.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A handbook for Arizona Native Americans under 18 years old explains rights and responsibilities as young people, Native Americans, tribal members, and residents of Arizona. Rights are defined, ways of protecting rights outlined, and the fact that young people's rights are changing noted. Rights as a family member are discussed, as well as changes…

Dale, Michael; And Others

229

Give It Your Best! Profiles of Native American Athletes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this publication is to encourage and enhance the participation of American Indian and Alaska Native athletes in organized sports at the secondary, collegiate, and professional levels. Profiles are given of 37 young Native American women and men who are succeeding in competitive athletics, as well as in the classroom. One page is…

Coker, Russell; Kast, Sherry

230

Trials and Triumphs of Teaching Introduction to Native American Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction to Native American Studies has been, paradoxically, the author's most satisfying and most challenging teaching assignment in more than two decades as a university-level faculty member. As a former coordinator of the Native American Studies Program at the University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO), he has heard many other faculty air their…

Johansen, Bruce Elliott

2003-01-01

231

77 FR 33595 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8832 of June 1, 2012 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012 By the President...long-cherished piece of American culture, music offers a vibrant soundtrack to the story...tradition, and during African-American Music Appreciation Month, we pay special...

2012-06-07

232

Phonological Awareness Skills in Young African American English Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine African American children's performance on a phonological awareness task that included items reflecting differences between African American English (AAE) and mainstream American English. The relationship between spoken production of AAE forms and performance on phonological awareness, vocabulary, and…

Mitri, Souraya Mansour; Terry, Nicole Patton

2014-01-01

233

Sociodemographic and health-related risk factors among African-American, Caucasian and Hispanic homeless men: A comparative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from a 1989–1990 cross-sectional survey of homeless adults in California were stratified by ethnicity to examine whether adverse childhood events and adult medical disorders preceding homelessness differed between 269 African-American, 599 Caucasian, 201 foreign-born Hispanic, and 136 native-born Hispanic men. Although African-Americans were overrepresented (21%) compared with their presence in local (3%) and state (7%) populations, within the homeless

Laurie A. Davis; Marilyn A. Winkleby

1993-01-01

234

Anglo-American Jurisprudence and the Native American Tribal Quest for Religious Freedom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that Native American tribes encounter major legal problems in the practice of traditional religions due to differences between Native and Anglo American worldviews. Examines the ideology of civilization underlying values in American jurisprudence, foundations of American Indian law, and relevant constitutional law. Contains over 200…

Loftin, John D.

1989-01-01

235

African American Women in Iowa Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fruitful collaboration between the Iowa Women's Archive and the African American Historical Museum and Cultural Center of Iowa has produced this enlightening website containing over 200 items including links to "scrapbooks," "photographs," "pamphlets" "oral histories" and "newsletters." The "Recent Additions" area allows visitors to click on any of the thumbnails in the line up of items shown, to see the image enlarged. By simply double clicking on the thumbnail, users can also access bibliographic data about the item.

236

Cancer and the African American Experience PDF  

Cancer.gov

African Americans bear an unequal burden of cancer. This is caused by a complex interplay of socio-economic, cultural, environmental, and biologic factors; the result is the persistence of inequalities in cancer care outcomes. These disparities encompass the entire spectrum of care, from screening and prevention activities, through diagnosis and treatment, to palliative and end of life care. Clinicians should be aware that concepts of race and ethnicity are social and political constructs, without a direct relationship to biology and genetics.

237

Gambling Habits Among Aged African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a cross-sectional study we investigated the correlates of gambling habits among a sample of 80 independently living African-American elderly persons. The participants were selected from two Senior Citizen Centers that provide inexpensive or free pleasure trips from Los Angeles, California to gambling sites in Nevada. The data for this study were collected through face-to-face interviews conducted by three trained

Mohsen Bazargan; Shahrzad H. Bazargan; Mahfuja Akanda

2001-01-01

238

20 CFR 632.75 - General responsibilities of Native American grantees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... General responsibilities of Native American grantees. 632.75 Section 632...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Program... General responsibilities of Native American grantees. This subpart sets out...

2010-04-01

239

20 CFR 632.75 - General responsibilities of Native American grantees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... General responsibilities of Native American grantees. 632.75 Section 632...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Program... General responsibilities of Native American grantees. This subpart sets out...

2011-04-01

240

20 CFR 632.75 - General responsibilities of Native American grantees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... General responsibilities of Native American grantees. 632.75 Section 632...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Program... General responsibilities of Native American grantees. This subpart sets out...

2012-04-01

241

20 CFR 632.10 - Eligibility requirements for designation as a Native American grantee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...requirements for designation as a Native American grantee. 632.10 Section 632...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.10...

2012-04-01

242

78 FR 25292 - Announcement of Funding Awards; Office of Native American Programs Training and Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of Funding Awards; Office of Native American Programs Training and Technical Assistance...Fiscal Year 2012 AGENCY: Office of Native American Programs, Office of Public and Indian...Availability (NOFA) for the Office of Native American Programs Training and Technical...

2013-04-30

243

20 CFR 632.35 - Native American grantee contracts and subgrants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Native American grantee contracts and subgrants. 632...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Administrative...and Procedures § 632.35 Native American grantee contracts and subgrants....

2012-04-01

244

77 FR 23196 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2200-1100-665] RIN 1024-AD99 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...responsible for implementation of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...revise the rules implementing the Native American [[Page 23197

2012-04-18

245

20 CFR 632.35 - Native American grantee contracts and subgrants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Native American grantee contracts and subgrants. 632...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Administrative...and Procedures § 632.35 Native American grantee contracts and subgrants....

2010-04-01

246

20 CFR 632.10 - Eligibility requirements for designation as a Native American grantee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...requirements for designation as a Native American grantee. 632.10 Section 632...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.10...

2011-04-01

247

20 CFR 632.35 - Native American grantee contracts and subgrants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Native American grantee contracts and subgrants. 632...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Administrative...and Procedures § 632.35 Native American grantee contracts and subgrants....

2011-04-01

248

Genetic ancestry and indigenous heritage in a Native American descendant community in Bermuda.  

PubMed

Discovered in the early 16th century by European colonists, Bermuda is an isolated set of islands located in the mid-Atlantic. Shortly after its discovery, Bermuda became the first English colony to forcibly import its labor by trafficking in enslaved Africans, white ethnic minorities, and indigenous Americans. Oral traditions circulating today among contemporary tribes from the northeastern United States recount these same events, while, in Bermuda, St. David's Islanders consider their histories to be linked to a complex Native American, European, and African past. To investigate the influence of historical events on biological ancestry and native cultural identity, we analyzed genetic variation in 111 members of Bermuda's self-proclaimed St. David's Island Native Community. Our results reveal that the majority of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and Y-chromosome haplotypes are of African and West Eurasian origin. However, unlike other English-speaking New World colonies, most African mtDNA haplotypes appear to derive from central and southeast Africa, reflecting the extent of maritime activities in the region. In light of genealogical and oral historical data from the St. David's community, the low frequency of Native American mtDNA and NRY lineages may reflect the influence of genetic drift, the demographic impact of European colonization, and historical admixture with persons of non-native backgrounds, which began with the settlement of the islands. By comparing the genetic data with genealogical and historical information, we are able to reconstruct the complex history of this Bermudian community, which is unique among New World populations. PMID:21994016

Gaieski, Jill B; Owings, Amanda C; Vilar, Miguel G; Dulik, Matthew C; Gaieski, David F; Gittelman, Rachel M; Lindo, John; Gau, Lydia; Schurr, Theodore G

2011-11-01

249

The African American Acculturation Scale: Development, Reliability, and Validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development, reliability, and validity of the African American Acculturation Scale. This 74-item scale has good construct and concurrent validity. The eight subscales, assessing eight dimensions of African American culture, have high internal consistency reliability, and the scale as a whole has high split-half reliability. African Americans'scores on the scale were unrelated to social class, gender, and

Hope Landrine; Elizabeth A. Klonoff

1994-01-01

250

Exploring School Engagement of Middle-Class African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the scarcity of knowledge about middle-class African American adoles- cents, the present study explored psychological and parental factors in relation to ac- ademic performance. The participants were 336 middle-class African American stu- dents and their biological mothers. The findings suggest that for African American middle-class adolescents, educational expectations and school engagement have the strongest relation to academic performance.

Selcuk R. Sirin; Lauren Rogers-Sirin

2004-01-01

251

Anxiety disorders in African-American and white children  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are little available data on African-American children with anxiety disorders. Treatment-seeking African-American (n=30) and white children (n=139), with a current DSM-III-R anxiety disorder, were compared on sociodemographic background variables, clinical characteristics, and lifetime rates of specific DSM-III-R anxiety disorders. Overall, results suggested that the anxiety-disordered African-American and white children who sought treatment from an outpatient mental health facility were

Cynthia G. Last; Sean Perrin

1993-01-01

252

African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a

Co-Founder Loretta J. Ross

1992-01-01

253

African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected History  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a

Loretta J. Ross

1992-01-01

254

Native American Studies in Higher Education: Models for Collaboration between Universities and Indigenous Nations. Contemporary Native American Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book compiles stories about the formation of American Indian/Native American studies in 12 mainstream university settings. Common elements of these successful programs include a highly committed core of Indian and non-Indian faculty and students who believe in the intellectual and nation-building agenda of Indian/Native studies; a strong…

Champagne, Duane, Ed.; Stauss, Jay, Ed.

255

Critical social theory and the domination of African American Women.  

PubMed

This historical reconstruction of the experiences of African American women in America from slavery to the present exposes the prevailing and enduring system of White male domination. From White men having control of their reproductive choices, to conspiracy to withhold the right to vote, African American women were victims of both sexism and racism. Later, as a result of the myth conceived by White sociologists of the super African American woman, further divisiveness became apparent in the African American home. As African American women took advantage of educational opportunities only to find that there was a dearth of similarly educated African American males to marry, increasing numbers of African American men were reported as parties to violent acts, drugs or illness. All of these variables are conjectured as impacting on the African American woman's experience. Lastly, data were presented depicting the increasing trend of African American women marrying White men, and the emergence of a more diverse workforce. It was concluded that economics serve as a catalyst for this change in human relations. PMID:8718416

Davis, S P

1995-01-01

256

African American Legislators' Perceptions of Firearm Violence Prevention Legislation.  

PubMed

Firearm mortality is the leading cause of death for young African American males, however, few studies have focused on racial/ethnic minority populations and firearm violence. The National Black Caucus of State Legislators advocates for legislation that promotes the health of African Americans. Thus, the purpose of this study was to collect baseline data on African American legislators' perceptions regarding firearm violence in the African American community. A cross-sectional study of African American legislators (n = 612) was conducted to investigate the research questions. Of the 612 questionnaires mailed, 12 were not deliverable, and 170 were returned (28 %). Utilizing a three wave mailing process, African American legislators were invited to participate in the study. The majority (88 %) of respondents perceived firearm violence to be very serious among African Americans. Few (10 %) legislators perceived that addressing legislative issues would be an effective strategy in reducing firearm violence among African Americans. The majority (72 %) of legislators perceived the most effective strategy to reducing firearm violence in the African American community should focus on addressing societal issues (e.g. crime and poverty). After adjusting for the number of perceived barriers, the number of perceived benefits was a significant predictor of legislators' perceived effectiveness of firearm violence prevention legislation for 8 of the 24 potential firearm violence prevention legislative bills. PMID:25301589

Payton, Erica; Thompson, Amy; Price, James H; Sheu, Jiunn-Jye; Dake, Joseph A

2014-10-10

257

Strengthening the voice of African American parents : a study of the College Bound San Diego program  

E-print Network

of African-American families living in poverty. Urbansince poverty is more prevalent among African American andAfrican American and Hispanic populations” (Hertert & Teague, 2003). In an impassioned essay on poverty, (

Collins, John Peter

2008-01-01

258

Middle Class and Middle School: Does Opportunity Knock for African American Students?  

E-print Network

internal defects that impeded learning; 2) African American parent and student participants had deficit beliefs about other African Americans and used defensive othering as a coping strategy; and 3) African American students and parents perceived...

Mooney, Patricia 1960-

2012-12-10

259

3 CFR 8776 - Proclamation 8776 of January 31, 2012. National African American History Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...January 31, 2012. National African American History Month, 2012 8776 Proclamation 8776...Proc. 8776 National African American History Month, 2012By the President of the United...better. During National African American History Month, we celebrate the rich...

2013-01-01

260

77 FR 5375 - National African American History Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Nation--often in the face of both racial and gender discrimination. As courageous visionaries who led the fight to end slavery and tenacious activists who fought to expand basic civil rights to all Americans, African American women have long...

2012-02-03

261

Racial Narratives, Group Identity, and African-American Political Behavior  

E-print Network

My dissertation seeks to advance the racial politics and political behavior literatures in American politics by focusing on the role of "racial narratives" in explaining historical changes in African-American political ...

Delehanty, William

2010-05-13

262

76 FR 6519 - National African American History Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...slowed the onward march of history and expansion of the American dream, African Americans braved bigotry and violence to organize schools, churches, and neighborhood organizations. Bolstered by strong values of faith and community, black...

2011-02-04

263

Differences in pelvic floor area between African American and European American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study tests the null hypothesis that the size of the pelvic opening spanned by the pelvic floor is the same in African American and European American women. Study Design: Forty African American female pelvises were age matched with 40 European American female pelvises from the Hamann-Todd collection at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. The distances between the

R. V. Baragi; J. O. L. DeLancey; R. Caspari; D. H. Howard; J. A. Ashton-Miller

2002-01-01

264

Alcohol-Related Consequences in African American and European American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 50% of college students report a heavy drinking episode in the past 2 weeks. This pattern of heavy episodic drinking places them at risk for experiencing alcohol-related problems. In addition, important ethnic differences exist between European American and African American college students in terms of drinking. European American college students report consuming more alcohol than African American college students,

Jessica R. Skidmore; James G. Murphy; Matthew Martens; Ashley A. Dennhardt

2012-01-01

265

Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms Among African American Men  

PubMed Central

Purpose This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18–34), middle (35–54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results Discrimination was significantly related to depressive symptoms for men ages 35 to 54 and mastery was found to be protective against depressive symptoms for all men. Compared to African American men in the young and late adult groups, discrimination remained a statistically significant predictor of depressive symptoms for men in the middle group once mastery was included. Implications Findings demonstrate the distinct differences in the influence of discrimination on depressive symptoms among adult African American males and the need for future research that explores the correlates of mental health across age groups. Implications for social work research and practice with African American men are discussed. PMID:24436576

Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

2013-01-01

266

A Descriptive Study of Intercultural Communication between Native American and Anglo-American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 25 male college students (14 Native Americans, 11 Anglo Americans) assessed the role of culturally-differing communications behavior in the dropout rate of Native American students (while the students want an education, they also wish to retain their cultural identity, and equate class participation with assimilation into non-Indian…

Kennan, William R.; And Others

267

Cultural Models of Education and Academic Performance for Native American and European American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the role of cultural representations of self (i.e., interdependence and independence) and positive relationships (i.e., trust for teachers) in academic performance (i.e., self-reported grades) for Native American ("N"?=?41) and European American ("N"?=?49) high school students. The Native American students endorsed…

Fryberg, Stephanie A.; Covarrubias, Rebecca; Burack, Jacob A.

2013-01-01

268

A study of the historical role of African Americans in science, engineering and technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is adequate documentation of an historical role of African and African American involvement in science, engineering, and technology. Through the use of history of science and technology research methodology, along with an examination of the sociological and economic impacts of adequately accredited innovations and inventions contributed by Africans and African Americans, the researcher investigated their contributions to the following areas of science and technology: life science, physical sciences and chemistry, engineering, and science education. In regard to the timeframe for this study, the researcher specifically investigated African and African American involvement in science and technology that includes periods prior to black enslavement, scientific racism and colonialism, as well as during and after those periods. This research study reveals that there are adequate historical data regarding African and African American contributions to science, engineering, and technology. The data reveals that for many millennia African peoples have been continually involved in science and world science histories. The data further show that the numbers of African Americans acquiring BS, MS, Ph.D., Doctor of Science and Doctor of Engineering degrees in science and engineering disciplines are increasing. That these increases are not happening at a rate representative of the present or future African American percentages of the population. Consequently, because of future changes in our nation's demographics, increasing the numbers of people from under-represented groups who pursue scientific and engineering professions has become a matter of national security at the highest levels of government. Moreover, African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans are not pursuing careers or taking courses in science and engineering at a rate high enough to fulfill the prospective needs for the United States' industries, government, and military. Projections are that, in the 21st century, there will be even greater needs for more scientists, engineers, information technologists, and other types of scientific workers. The data from this study indicate that more inclusive history of science and technology can be used as a means for encouraging more people from under-represented groups to become scientifically literate and to pursue science and engineering careers.

Jones, Keith Wayne

2000-11-01

269

Building on Strengths: Intergenerational Practice with African American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intergenerational kinship and multigenerational families (three or more generations) have been a source of strength for African Americans. This article presents a culturally responsive intergenerational practice model for working with African American families that draws on this legacy. The model looks at intergenerational kinship and…

Waites, Cheryl

2009-01-01

270

Serving African American Children: Child Welfare Perspectives Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection brings together articles by African American authors who are committed to research, policies, and programs affecting African American children and families. The articles are grouped into sections on policy, research, and practice issues; clinical techniques and treatment models; and new perspectives in child welfare. The following…

Jackson, Sondra, Ed.; Brissett-Chapman, Sheryl, Ed.

271

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial…

Combs, Dennis R.; Penn, David L.; Cassisi, Jeffrey; Michael, Chris; Wood, Terry; Wanner, Jill; Adams, Scott

2006-01-01

272

African American English: An Interview with Marcyliena Morgan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses an interview in which Marcyliena Morgan elaborates on the necessity to analyze both microlinguistic issues of grammar and phonology as well as larger issues of discourse pragmatics and language ideology. The interview touches on African American poetry, the convergence of African American and standard English, and oases and indirectness.…

Rymes, Betsy

1995-01-01

273

African-American College Students' Perceptions Of Sexual Coercion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the phenomenon of sexual coercion has been studied extensively, little is known about African-American college students' perceptions about verbal sexual coercion. Using a phenomenological approach, the researchers conducted five focus group interviews with 39 African-American students (20 females, 19 males) at a large Midwestern university…

Mouzon, LaTonya D.; Battle, Alicia; Clark, Kevin P.; Coleman, Stephanie; Ogletree, Roberta J.

2005-01-01

274

Community Reciprocity in the Work of African-American Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scholarship on historical and contemporary African-American teachers highlights the emphasis on community connections in their work. As such, the scholarship portrays African-American teachers almost exclusively as "givers" without fully considering what teachers derive from community connections. This paper describes a qualitative study in…

Dingus, Jeannine

2006-01-01

275

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African American,…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

276

"Teaching while Black": Narratives of African American Student Affairs Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American faculty have historically been underrepresented within predominantly white institutions (PWIs) and deal with academic isolation, marginalization of their scholarship, and racial hostility. Little is known about the experiences of African American faculty who teach in student affairs graduate programs. The purpose of this study was…

Patton, Lori D.; Catching, Christopher

2009-01-01

277

Educating African American Males: Examining Teacher Perceptions and Cultural Interpretations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many decades, society has struggled with academic underachievement, particularly among African American males. Although a myriad of studies have identified significant causal factors of African American academic underachievement from the perspectives and circumstances of the student, limited studies focus on this problem from the perspective…

Rivers, Celeste A.

2010-01-01

278

African American Communities: Implications for Culturally Relevant Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We suggest that there is a powerful and affirming socialization taking place in African American communities that could be instructive to schools. This article illustrates how educators can build on the strengths found in the black community to effectively teach African American students. Relating the ethos of the barbershop to tenets of…

Boutte, Gloria Swindler; Hill, Edward L.

2006-01-01

279

Schooling and Delinquency among White and African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent delinquency may be a likely consequence of negative school experi - ences, including poor academic performance, low class attendance, and dropping out. Given disparate experiences that African American and White students often encounter in school, this investigation examined the link between delinquency and school behaviors separately for White and African American males at risk for delinquency. In addition, it

KRISTIN E. VOELKL; JOHN W. WELTE; WILLIAM F. WIECZOREK

1999-01-01

280

African Americans and Recovery from Severe Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This hermeneutic phenomenological study examined the lived experience of African-American persons recovering from serious and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Semi-structured interviews were conducted at three time points (6, 12, and 18 months) with nine African Americans with SPMI. A culturally sensitive perspective informed the data analysis. Interviews were transcribed, read, and coded to cluster thematic aspects in each case and

Marilyn Peterson Armour; William Bradshaw; David Roseborough

2009-01-01

281

Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.

282

Clustering of Risk Behaviours among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Individuals may engage in more than one risk behaviour at any given time. The extent to which risk behaviours cluster among African American adults has been largely unexplored. This study examined the prevalence and clustering of three risk behaviours among African American church members: smoking; low moderate-to-vigorous intensity…

Baruth, M.; Addy, C. L.; Wilcox, S.; Dowda, M.

2012-01-01

283

African Americans Who Teach German Language and Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large number of black scholars have pursued advanced degrees in the German language, history, and culture. Describes the history of African American interest in the German language and culture, highlighting various black scholars who have studied German over the years. Presents data on African Americans in German graduate programs and examines…

Fikes, Robert Jr.

2001-01-01

284

The Struggle of African American Students in the Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The long road of slavery from generation to generation has left a legacy in the mind of African American students that has impacted their achievements in schools. In this project, the struggle of African American students in the public school education will be analyzed from the historical standpoint of view and its impact on their achievements.…

Mubenga, Pascal

2006-01-01

285

Higher Education and the Early Education of African American Ministers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education of African American ministers in the United States has been little researched. Numerous books address the profession of ministry and the education of Blacks in general, but most do not specifically address issues pertaining to the professional education of Black ministers. The majority of the hurdles African Americans faced were…

Cooks, Michael

2010-01-01

286

Poverty, safety net programs, and African Americans' mental health.  

PubMed

African Americans' poverty and deep-poverty rates are higher than those of Whites, and African Americans' poverty spells last longer. Furthermore, nonpoor African Americans are especially likely to slip into poverty, and over the course of a lifetime, very many African Americans will experience poverty. Accordingly, African Americans are disproportionately likely to be assisted by safety net programs providing income support and health and social assistance. When mental health-related outcomes are assessed, U.S.-focused and international studies of safety net programs sometimes find that adults and children show a decline in symptoms of mental illness after participating. All things being equal, these improvements can disproportionately benefit African Americans' mental health. Safety net programs' mental health-related impact should be routinely assessed when evaluating the programs' economic and social outcomes and the impact they have on African Americans' mental health. Policy research of this kind can help us to understand whether these very large interventions show society-wide mental health-related improvement in the disproportionately large number of African Americans who participate in them. PMID:25486153

Snowden, Lonnie R

2014-11-01

287

African American males’ attitudes toward marriage: An exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last twenty-five years, marriage rates among African American males have declined dramatically (Statistical Abstract of the United States 1995, 1995). In 1970, less than 25 percent of all African American men had never married (Statis- tical Abstract of the United States, 1995). By 1994, the percent- age of never married men had increased to 42.4 percent, and only

1999-01-01

288

Indigenous Systems within the African-American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the African-American family, life ain't been no crystal stair. The African-American family has trotted for over 400 years through a wilderness of racism, poverty, discrimination of all kinds, crossing seas of monsters and forests of demons. Yet, despite the numerous obstacles and attacks that society has mounted against it since slavery, the…

Marbley, Aretha Faye; Rouson, Leon

2011-01-01

289

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history…

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

290

20 African-Americans Your Students Should Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is more to Black History Month than honoring Martin Luther King Jr. Black History Month is a time to honor the significant contributions of African-Americans throughout history. This article presents 20 super-achievers new generation of African-Americans heroes students should meet: (1) Kimberly Oliver; (2) John Lewis; (3) Rita Dove; (4)…

Bardeen, Tara

2008-01-01

291

Womanism: a methodologic framework for African American women.  

PubMed

Although nurse scholars have become increasingly engaged in feminist research and theory development, only a few have included important feminist thoughts expressed by African American womanist theorists. This article presents an abbreviated review and synthesis of Afrocentric ways of knowing, which includes Black feminist, womanist, and Afrocentric perspectives. A developing methodology for use with African American women is also described. PMID:9730407

Taylor, J Y

1998-09-01

292

African-American Grandmothers as Health Educators in the Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 18,000 adolescents die each year in the United States from bicycle, motorcycle, car, and truck accidents. This study sought to understand the role of African-American grandmothers as prevention-oriented health educators in the family. Full Model Fitted Regression Analyses were conducted on a sample of African-American grandmothers (N =…

Watson, Jeffrey A.; Randolph, Suzanne M.; Lyons, James L.

2005-01-01

293

SPIRITUALITY OF AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN: CORRELATIONS TO HEALTH PROMOTING BEHAVIORS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Public health data show that African-Americans have not adopted health-promoting behaviors of diet and exercise. In an effort to find other motivating or moderating variables, this study was designed to determine how spirituality relates to health promoting behaviors in African-American women. Bur...

294

Designing Effective Library Services for African American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Obama signed the "White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for African Americans" on July 26, 2012. This executive order recognizes that many "African Americans lack equal access to highly effective teachers and principals, safe schools, and challenging college preparatory classes, and disproportionately experience…

Hughes-Hassell, Sandra

2013-01-01

295

Patterns of Violent Behavior and Victimization among African American Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews types of reported problems among African American youth exposed to violence and victimization. A substantial number of African American youth reported being exposed to direct victimization while in transit to and from school. Discusses the impact of violence on mental health status, in that subjects exposed to violence exhibited…

McGee, Zina T.

1999-01-01

296

Plenary-AA : Cancer and the African American Experience  

Cancer.gov

The first plenary of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study: Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans explores the many factors that lead to inequalities in cancer care outcomes for African Americans.

297

Resiliency Instructional Tactics: African American Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools and classrooms, if well conceived, can serve as protective environments for the positive development of African American students with learning disabilities (LD) (Keogh & Weisner, 1993). Many African American students who lack resiliency often struggle with life's challenges and may be predisposed to negative outcomes in life, so the focus…

Jones, Vita L.

2011-01-01

298

Dimensions of Academic Contingencies among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from existing literature, the authors conceptualized a two-dimensional framework of African American students' academic contingencies of self-worth. The results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses with a sample of African American college freshmen (N = 330) supported this prediction. Self-Worth Dependent academic…

Griffin, Tiffany Monique; Chavous, Tabbye; Cogburn, Courtney; Branch, LaToya; Sellers, Robert

2012-01-01

299

Perceptions of Teacher Expectations by African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American high school students are performing behind their White classmates regardless of whether they are in majority or minority populations at school. Teacher expectations, among school-related factors that can impact the academic achievement of African American high school students, are the focus of this study. Interviews were conducted…

Pringle, Beverley E.; Lyons, James E.; Booker, Keonya C.

2010-01-01

300

Race Consciousness. African-American Studies for the New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays represents new scholarship in African American studies, drawing lessons from the past and providing insights into current intellectual trends. Topics such as the culture of America as a culture of race, legacies of slavery and colonialism, crime and welfare politics, and African American cultural studies are addressed.…

Fossett, Judith Jackson, Ed.; Tucker, Jeffrey A., Ed.

301

75 FR 32075 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8527 of May 28, 2010 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation Music can tell a story, assuage our sorrows...including the African- American community, music unites individuals through a shared...

2010-06-07

302

76 FR 32851 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8684 of May 31, 2011 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation The music of our Nation has always spoken to the...shared values. During African-American Music Appreciation Month, we honor the...

2011-06-07

303

"To Protect and Serve": African American Female Literacies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seeks to add to the understanding of literacy as it relates to African Americans, with a focus on African American female literacies. Argues that mother tongue literacy is central to literacy education. Suggests that black female language practices, knowledges, and understanding can be and have been used advantageously to help black females in…

Richardson, Elaine

2002-01-01

304

Having our Say: African American Women, Diversity, and Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the voices of seven African American female counselor educators. The authors, having formally and informally collaborated in multiple settings over the past few years, decided to illuminate the challenges and successes of African American female counselor educators to add another dimension to our profession's discussion on…

Bryant, Rhonda M.; Coker, Angela D.; Durodoye, Beth A.; McCollum, Vivian J.; Pack-Brown, Sherlon P.; Constantine, Madonna G.; O'Bryant, Beverly J.

2005-01-01

305

Lessons Learned: Research within an Urban, African American District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning-making, and self-definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race…

Scott, Kimberly Ann

2012-01-01

306

African Americans Respond Poorly to Hepatitis C Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans have a significantly lower response rate to treatment for chronic hepatitis C than non-Hispanic Whites, according to a new study led by Duke University Medical Center researchers. Some African Americans--19 percent--did respond to the drug combination of peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin. But in non-Hispanic Whites with the…

Black Issues in Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

307

Board Books Featuring African Americans: Vanishing but Not Entirely Gone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of infant and toddler board books (books printed on heavy cardboard and laminated for durability) featuring African Americans and published from 1990 to 2002. Provides a brief overview of the development of board books in general, and suggests criteria for evaluating board books that feature African Americans in…

Mongo, Jonella A.

2002-01-01

308

AFRICAN-AMERICAN ENTREPRENEURIAL VENUES AND SOCIAL CAPITAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores African-American (AA) entrepreneurship through the lens of social capital. Using a foundation of social capital theory, this study attempts to validate the hypothesis that social capital is a determinant of whether AA entrepreneurs choose to function in the formal or informal economies. One hundred and sixteen African American entrepreneurs participated in the study, which utilized respondent driven

PHILLIP COCHRANE

2010-01-01

309

Glacial geography and native North American languages  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study tests the hypothesis that the number and distribution of some native American languages may be related to ice-margin changes of the Wisconsin glaciation. The analysis indicated that the number of languages per unit area is much greater in unglaciated areas of the last glacial maximum than in glaciated areas. The pattern of languge overlap between land areas sequentially exposed during deglaciation appears to indicate the direction of movement of populations from the periphery toward the core of the area once covered by the Wisconsin Ice Sheet. The data strongly indicate that North America was inhabited prior to the Wisconsin glacial maximum, because glacial maximum conditions apparently influenced linguistic distributions. Evidence suggests that ancestral Eskimo-Aleut and Na-Dene speakers occupied the northwestern edge of the continental ice mass, and that ancestral Algonquian speakers were south of the ice mass during the Wisconsin glacial maximum (approximately 18,000 yr ago). These three linguistic groups were the principal ones to spreas into areas exposed by the recession of the Wisconsin ice.

Rogers, Richard A.

1985-01-01

310

The paradox of atrial fibrillation in African Americans.  

PubMed

The reported lower prevalence and incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) despite the higher prevalence of AF risk factors in African Americans compared to Caucasian whites has been referred to as the paradox of AF in African Americans. In this report we highlight this paradox and address potential explanations using data from several US populations studies. These possible explanations include limited methodology to detect AF patterns that are harder to detect (e.g. paroxysmal/intermittent AF or atrial flutter) coupled with the possibility of African Americans having more of these patterns, differential access to health care with African Americans having less access and subsequently less detected AF, survival bias with Caucasian whites living longer and subsequently having more AF, and finally differential impact of AF risk factors with Caucasian whites being more affected or African Americans less affected by AF risk factors whether this is genetically determined or via other unknown predispositions. PMID:25112176

Soliman, Elsayed Z; Prineas, Ronald J

2014-01-01

311

African Americans, hypertension and the renin angiotensin system  

PubMed Central

African Americans have exceptionally high rates of hypertension and hypertension related complications. It is commonly reported that the blood pressure lowering efficacy of renin angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors is attenuated in African Americans due to a greater likelihood of having a low renin profile. Therefore these agents are often not recommended as initial therapy in African Americans with hypertension. However, the high prevalence of comorbid conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease makes treatment with RAS inhibitors more compelling. Despite lower circulating renin levels and a less significant fall in blood pressure in response to RAS inhibitors in African Americans, numerous clinical trials support the efficacy of RAS inhibitors to improve clinical outcomes in this population, especially in those with hypertension and risk factors for cardiovascular and related diseases. Here, we discuss the rationale of RAS blockade as part of a comprehensive approach to attenuate the high rates of premature morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension among African Americans. PMID:25276290

Williams, Sandra F; Nicholas, Susanne B; Vaziri, Nosratola D; Norris, Keith C

2014-01-01

312

Native Americans and alcohol: past, present, and future.  

PubMed

Native Americans have higher rates of alcohol use, frequency of use, and increased rates of fetal alcohol syndrome, compared with other ethnic groups (J. Hisnanick, 1992; P. A. May, 1996; J. M. Wallace et al., 2003). High prevalence rates of alcohol misuse among Native Americans must be understood in light of their unique history, which has resulted in trauma and exposure to many risk factors for problem alcohol use. Many risk factors have been identified in the general population; however, only some of these risk factors have been examined among Native American populations. The unique history and world view of Native Americans mean that, often, risk factors operate differently from the way they do in other populations. The authors discuss interventions and promising treatments. PMID:17128961

Szlemko, William J; Wood, James W; Thurman, Pamela Jumper

2006-10-01

313

75 FR 65611 - Native American Tribal Insignia Database  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office Native American Tribal Insignia Database ACTION: Proposed collection; comment...maintain an accurate and comprehensive database containing the official insignia of all...Appropriations directed the USPTO to create this database. The USPTO database of official...

2010-10-26

314

78 FR 60861 - Native American Tribal Insignia Database  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Office Native American Tribal Insignia Database ACTION: Proposed collection; comment...maintain an accurate and comprehensive database containing the official insignia of all...Appropriations directed the USPTO to create this database. The USPTO database of official...

2013-10-02

315

Native American Literatures, 1994-96: A Selective Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents annotations of 147 anthologies and works of fiction, poetry, drama, autobiography, and criticism on Native American literature (published between 1994 and 1996). Includes annotations of life histories, biographies, essays, and interviews. (RS)

Wong, Hertha D. Sweet; Muller, Lauren Stuart

1998-01-01

316

Key Facts about Smoking among American Indians and Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

... Health Effects Facts & Figures Preventing Smoking Multi-Unit Housing How To Quit Tobacco Control Advocacy Workplace Wellness ... American Indians and Alaska Natives at much lower prices on reservations compared to elsewhere. Lower prices have ...

317

Raising the Critical Consciousness of African American Students in Baldwin Hills: A Portrait of an Exemplary African American Male Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the pedagogical practices of an exemplary male African American middle school teacher in an affluent neighborhood, discussing principles guiding his efforts to enhance African American students' moral, intellectual, and spiritual development and noting how his emancipatory pedagogies provide a fertile learning ground. This case study…

Lynn, Marvin; Johnson, Charletta; Hassan, Kamal

1999-01-01

318

Utah Studies--Early Native Americans in Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity will help you discover if the environment affected some of the early Native American inhabitants of Utah. TASK You are working with an archeologist-historian from Utah State University to try to determine if the environment (climate, plant and animal life) affected the food, clothing, and shelter of early Native Americans in Utah. You are also trying to see if the environment affected the hardships and successes these ...

Bates, Albion M.

2006-10-09

319

Ancient Fermilab: The Mier Collection of Native American Artifacts  

SciTech Connect

August Mier's collection of artifacts from Fermilab property and elsewhere in the Fox River valley provides perspective on ancient lifeways in this area. This slide-illustrated lecture explores the development of Native American culture in the region and how archaeologists use technology developed in other fields to explore the past. From hunting now-extinct Ice-Age mastodon to the development of agriculture, the history of Native American culture sheds light on the development of humanity in general.

Wiant, Michael D. (Illinois State Museum) [Illinois State Museum

2002-09-25

320

Native Waters: An American Indian Water Resource Education Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This community education initiative supports the efforts of Native American tribal leaders, educators, and students to develop contemporary, scientifically accurate, and culturally sensitive water education resources, programs, and networking opportunities. A traveling exhibit provides a Native American point of view on protection and conservation of water resources. A teachers' guide is provided to accompany the exhibit. Other materials include learning opportunities for students and educators, news articles, publications, scholarship information, and links to related information.

2004-01-01

321

Visual Power: 21st Century Native American Artists/Intellectuals  

E-print Network

artists Joe Fedderson (Colville Confederated Tribes), Rose Powhatan (Pamunkey), Jaune Quick-to-See Smith (Flathead Salish/Con- federated Salish and Kootenai Nation), Kay Walking Stick (Cherokee), and Carm Little Turtle (Apache... identity; discussions of contemporary Native American art history and criticism from interdisciplinary approaches that utilize Native American Studies, the humanities, and the social sciences to understand the evolution of indigenous art and culture...

Farris, Phoebe

2006-10-01

322

Native American Medicine: Herbal Pharmacology, Therapies, and Elder Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many people who grew up in North America, especially Native Americans, had biases and romantic prejudices about what it was like in the past to be old in Native America. We wanted our culture to be somehow better for the aged than was that of the European settlers. We grew up with a variety of apocryphal stories about elders in

Lewis Mehl-Madrona

323

Facts and Myths of AIDS and Native American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses risk factors for AIDS among Native women: rates of infected male partners, biological factors affecting vulnerability, other sexually transmitted diseases, poverty, access to health services, relationships with partners, lack of trust in health care providers, and intravenous drug use. Describes the work of the Native American Women's…

Vernon, Irene S.

2000-01-01

324

Native American Hunting Traditions as a Basis for Outdoor Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Native American hunting practices and beliefs applicable to an outdoor education curriculum, focusing on respect and reverence for the earth, animals, and the natural world. Suggests that Native hunting rationales could form a philosophical foundation for environmental education and outdoor education programs. (LP)

Quinn, William J.

1993-01-01

325

Narrative Chance. Postmodern Discourse on Native American Indian Literatures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Native American literary works have often been ignored by serious critics or examined by social scientists in ways that rob them of their effectiveness as works of art. The emphasis of postmodern theory on the creative power of language, on narrative discourse, and on signs and semiotics allows an original and perceptive approach to Native

Vizenor, Gerald, Ed.

326

Correlates of African American Men's Sexual Schemas  

PubMed Central

Sexual schemas are cognitive representations of oneself as a sexual being and aid in the processing of sexually relevant information. We examined the relationship between sociosexuality (attitudes about casual sex), masculine ideology (attitudes toward traditional men and male roles), and cultural centrality (strength of identity with racial group) as significant psychosocial and sociocultural predictors in shaping young, heterosexual African American men's sexual schemas. A community sample (n=133) of men in a southeastern city of the United States completed quantitative self-report measures examining their attitudes and behavior related to casual sex, beliefs about masculinity, racial and cultural identity, and self-views of various sexual aspects of themselves. Results indicated that masculine ideology and cultural centrality were both positively related to men's sexual schemas. Cultural centrality explained 12 % of the variance in level of sexual schema, and had the strongest correlation of the predictor variables with sexual schema (r=.36). The need for more attention to the bidirectional relationships between masculinity, racial/cultural identity, and sexual schemas in prevention, intervention, and public health efforts for African American men is discussed. PMID:24031118

Morales, Dawn A.; Coyne-Beasley, Tamera; St. Lawrence, Janet

2013-01-01

327

Marriage Among African Americans: What Does the Research Reveal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reveals that African Americans are the least likely to marry, when they marry, they do so later and spend less\\u000a time married than White Americans, and they are the least likely to stay married. Factors contributing to the marriage status\\u000a of African Americans include structural, cultural, individual and interactive factors. Structural factors include the disparity\\u000a in sex ratios

Patricia Dixon

2009-01-01

328

Food Stamp Program Participation Among Impoverished African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identifies the characteristics of eligible African Americans who are not receiving food stamps. Secondary analysis\\u000a of the American Community Survey focused on 14,443 African American citizens aged 18 and over who were living below the poverty\\u000a line. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were used to compare the 6,558 recipients of food stamps with the 7,885 non-recipients.\\u000a Less than

Melissa Redmond; Esme Fuller-Thomson

2009-01-01

329

Exploring Risk in Early Adolescent African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies were conducted to explore the degree to which single- and multiple-risk profiles were evident in samples of African American early adolescents in low-income inner-city, rural, and suburban schools. Study 1 examined early adolescent risk status (i.e., single, multiple) in relation to later adjustment in a representative sample (70% European American, 30% African American). Youth who experienced a single

Thomas W. Farmer; LeShawndra N. Price; Keri K. O'Neal; Man-Chi Leung; Jennifer B. Goforth; Beverley D. Cairns; Le'Roy E. Reese

2004-01-01

330

Exploring the Link between Self-Construal and Distress among African American and Asian American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated ethnicity, self-construal, and distress among African American and Asian American college students. African American students expressed more salient independent self-construals, whereas Asian American students expressed more salient interdependent self-construals. As hypothesized, among African American participants,…

Christopher, Michael S.; Skillman, Gemma D.

2009-01-01

331

National Alaska Native American Indian Nurses Association: Reducing health disparities within American Indian and Alaska native populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report was prepared by the leaders representing the National Alaska Native American Indian Nurses Association, which was established to advocate for improved health care services among American Indian\\/Alaska Native (AI\\/AN) peoples throughout the United States and to foster the development of AI\\/AN nurses. Effective prevention of conditions such as diabetes, cancer, and infectious diseases must use cooperative approaches that

Judy Goforth Parker; Sandra L. Haldane; Bette Rusk Keltner; C. June Strickland; Lillian Tom-Orme

2002-01-01

332

Minority Women's Health: Asian-Americans  

MedlinePLUS

Skip left navigation Minority Women's Health African-Americans Latinas Asian-Americans Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders American Indians/Alaska Natives Immigrant and migrant issues Taking care of your health ...

333

African American Culture and Heritage in Higher Education Research and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen papers examine the cultural context and history of African Americans in higher education research and practice. Papers are grouped in three parts: African American culture in higher education research; African American higher education research issues and paradigms; and African American culture and higher education policy and practice.…

Freeman, Kassie, Ed.

334

African American Enrollment in Independent Schools, 1988-89. Research Notes on Education. No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the enrollment of African-American students in independent neighborhood schools across the country. Students in these schools constitute the second largest group of African-Americans outside the nation's public school systems. Over 52,000 African-American students are enrolled in independent schools. Data for African-American

Institute for Independent Education, Inc., Washington, DC.

335

Examining the Complexities of Suicidal Behavior in the African American Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Once considered a “White thing,” suicide is now the third leading cause of death for African Americans, behind only homicide and unintentional injury. Although the rates of suicide for African American women remain low and relatively unchanged, the rates for African American men have increased dramatically during the past 20 years. The changes in the suicide rates for African American

Felicia Griffin-Fennell; Michelle Williams

2006-01-01

336

Communication Development and Disorders in African American Children: Research, Assessment, and Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of papers on language development and African-American children includes: "The Challenges of Conducting Language Research with African American Children" (Holly K. Craig); "Issues in Recruiting African American Participants for Research" (Joyce L. Harris); "Issues in Assessing the Language Abilities of African American Children"…

Kamhi, Alan G., Ed.; And Others

337

Native Americans: The People and How They Lived.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This large format book with many color illustrations describes native American history on the American continents from the Ice Age to the present, concentrating on Indian history in North Carolina. The book examines living arrangements, objects of daily use, animal husbandry and agriculture, tribal leagues, and architecture. It describes the 28…

Potter, Eloise F.; Funderburg, John B.

338

Reconstructing Native American Migrations from Whole-Genome and Whole-Exome Data  

PubMed Central

There is great scientific and popular interest in understanding the genetic history of populations in the Americas. We wish to understand when different regions of the continent were inhabited, where settlers came from, and how current inhabitants relate genetically to earlier populations. Recent studies unraveled parts of the genetic history of the continent using genotyping arrays and uniparental markers. The 1000 Genomes Project provides a unique opportunity for improving our understanding of population genetic history by providing over a hundred sequenced low coverage genomes and exomes from Colombian (CLM), Mexican-American (MXL), and Puerto Rican (PUR) populations. Here, we explore the genomic contributions of African, European, and especially Native American ancestry to these populations. Estimated Native American ancestry is in MXL, in CLM, and in PUR. Native American ancestry in PUR is most closely related to populations surrounding the Orinoco River basin, confirming the Southern America ancestry of the Taíno people of the Caribbean. We present new methods to estimate the allele frequencies in the Native American fraction of the populations, and model their distribution using a demographic model for three ancestral Native American populations. These ancestral populations likely split in close succession: the most likely scenario, based on a peopling of the Americas thousand years ago (kya), supports that the MXL Ancestors split kya, with a subsequent split of the ancestors to CLM and PUR kya. The model also features effective populations of in Mexico, in Colombia, and in Puerto Rico. Modeling Identity-by-descent (IBD) and ancestry tract length, we show that post-contact populations also differ markedly in their effective sizes and migration patterns, with Puerto Rico showing the smallest effective size and the earlier migration from Europe. Finally, we compare IBD and ancestry assignments to find evidence for relatedness among European founders to the three populations. PMID:24385924

Gravel, Simon; Muzzio, Marina; Rodriguez-Flores, Juan L.; Kenny, Eimear E.; Gignoux, Christopher R.; Maples, Brian K.; Guiblet, Wilfried; Dutil, Julie; Via, Marc; Sandoval, Karla; Bedoya, Gabriel; Oleksyk, Taras K.; Ruiz-Linares, Andres; Burchard, Esteban G.; Martinez-Cruzado, Juan Carlos; Bustamante, Carlos D.

2013-01-01

339

Effectiveness of Diabetes Prevention Program translations among African Americans.  

PubMed

The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) demonstrated risk reduction for incident diabetes through weight loss among all participants, including African Americans. Several DPP translations have been conducted in less controlled settings, including primary care practices and communities; however, there is no detailed compilation of how effective these translations have been for African Americans. This systematic literature review evaluated DPP translations from 2003 to 2012. Eligible records were retrieved using a search strategy of relevant databases and gray literature. Retrieved records (n=1,272) were screened using a priori criteria, which resulted in 21 full-text studies for review. Seventeen studies were included in the full-text qualitative synthesis. Seven studies had 100% African American samples and 10 studies had mixed samples with African American subgroups. African American participants' average weight loss was roughly half of that achieved in the DPP intervention. However, with few higher-quality studies, small sample sizes and differences in intervention designs and implementation, comparisons across interventions were difficult. The suboptimal effectiveness of DPP translations among African American adults, particularly women, signals the need for enhancements to existing evidence-based interventions and more high-quality research that includes other at-risk African American subgroups such as men and younger adults of lower socioeconomic status. PMID:25196409

Samuel-Hodge, C D; Johnson, C M; Braxton, D F; Lackey, M

2014-10-01

340

Stroke Risk Factor Profiles in African American Women  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose If sex differences in stroke risk factor profiles exist among African Americans in the United States, prevention strategies will need to reflect those differences. African Americans and women have been underrepresented in stroke prevention studies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether medical and lifestyle factors differ among women and men who have enrolled in the African-American Antiplatelet Stroke Prevention Study (AAASPS). Methods We performed a planned exploratory analysis of differences in baseline characteristics and risk factors between women and men enrolled in AAASPS, a double-blind, randomized, multicenter, controlled trial. Frequencies of vascular risk factors and related conditions, medical therapies, stroke subtypes, and vascular territories were compared between women and men by 1-way ANOVA and Fisher’s exact test where appropriate. Results A total of 1087 African American patients (574 women, 513 men) enrolled between December 1995 and June 1999. Women had higher rates of hypertension, diabetes, family history of stroke, and no reported leisure exercise. Men had higher rates of smoking and heavy alcohol use. Few differences were noted in proportions of stroke subtype or proportions receiving preventive therapy. Conclusions AAASPS represents the largest enrollment of African American women in a recurrent stroke prevention study. Our data suggest that African American women in a clinical trial differ from men in the frequency of key vascular risk factors. Although limited, these data provide an important first characterization of sex differences in African Americans with stroke. PMID:11935036

Worrall, Bradford B.; Johnston, Karen C.; Kongable, Gail; Hung, Elena; Richardson, DeJuran; Gorelick, Philip B.

2008-01-01

341

Differences in Acute Response to Alcohol between African Americans and European Americans  

PubMed Central

Background Response to alcohol is a widely studied risk factor and potential endophenotype for alcohol use disorders. Research on African American response to alcohol has been limited despite large differences in alcohol use between African Americans and European Americans. Extending our previous work on the African American portion of this sample, the current study examined differences in acute subjective response to alcohol between African Americans and European Americans. Additionally, we tested if the association between response to alcohol and past month drinking behavior and alcohol-related problems differed across race. Methods One hundred and seventy eight participants (mean age = 21.87, SD = 1.23; 57% African American) who were moderate to heavy social drinkers completed an alcohol administration study in a laboratory setting, receiving a moderate dose of alcohol (0.72g/kg alcohol for males, 0.65g/kg for females). Acute alcohol response was measured at 8 time points (i.e., baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, and 150 minutes). Results Latent growth curve models showed that African Americans experienced sharper increases in stimulation on the ascending limb compared to European Americans. African American women experienced sharper increases in sedation on the ascending limb compared to European American women. Change in sedation on the ascending limb was associated with past month drinking behavior. Stimulation on the ascending limb was related to alcohol-problems for African Americans but not European Americans. Conclusions We found differences in response to alcohol across racial groups: African Americans showed a stronger response to alcohol. Future studies are needed to incorporate response to alcohol into a larger model of African American alcohol use. PMID:23398190

Pedersen, Sarah L.; McCarthy, Denis M.

2013-01-01

342

Oxford African American Studies Center: Focus on Women and Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Oxford African American Studies Center has created this website to house its comprehensive collection of scholarship documenting the many and varied experiences that make up African and African American history and culture. Along with over 10,000 articles, 2,500 images, and 200 maps, the site features an excellent "Focus On" series each month, in which the editors compile various short articles, picture essays, and links on a designated topic. The Focus on Women and Literature is particularly noteworthy. Here, visitors can explore the life and works of influential women in American literature, from Phillis Wheatley to Toni Morrison. The site can be easily navigated by subject or by specific biography, with suggestions for related sources and content provided in each section. Additionally, curious visitors will find links to all of the previously featured subjects within the series, ranging from African Americans in Science and Technology to Black Homesteading in the American Western Frontier.

343

African and Arab American Achievement Motivation: Effects of Minority Membership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The association between ethnic group identification, attributional style, and the use of self-protective attributions with respect to self-esteem, academic achievement and motivation among ethnically diverse adolescents was examined. Participants in the study included 422 African American, 90 Arab American, and 194 European American high school…

Kovach, Bernadette S.; Hillman, Stephen B.

344

Under the shadow of Tuskegee: African Americans and health care.  

PubMed Central

The Tuskegee Syphilis Study continues to cast its long shadow on the contemporary relationship between African Americans and the biomedical community. Numerous reports have argued that the Tuskegee Syphilis Study is the most important reason why many African Americans distrust the institutions of medicine and public health. Such an interpretation neglects a critical historical point: the mistrust predated public revelations about the Tuskegee study. This paper places the syphilis study within a broader historical and social context to demonstrate that several factors have influenced--and continue to influence--African American's attitudes toward the biomedical community. PMID:9366634

Gamble, V N

1997-01-01

345

Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Profiled here are African American men and women who have contributed to the advancement of science and engineering. The accomplishments of the past and present can serve as pathfinders to present and future engineers and scientists. African American chemists, biologists, inventors, engineers, and mathematicians have contributed in both large and small ways that can be overlooked when chronicling the history of science. By describing the scientific history of selected African American men and women we can see how the efforts of individuals have advanced human understanding in the world around us.

Mitchell C Brown (University of California- Irvine)

1995-01-01

346

Native Americans in the Health Professions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dr. George Blue Spruce, Jr., who became the first American Indian dentist in 1956, shares his views on health professions for Indian young people, as well as his own experiences. Resources for prospective dental students, information on the Society of American Indian Dentists, and inspiring stories of American Indian healers are provided. (CDS)

Westberg, Jane; Blue Spruce, George, Jr.

1999-01-01

347

African-American Women: Online Archival Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University has a wealth of digitized materials related to African American women. This particular collection brings together three noteworthy collections: Elizabeth Johnson Harris: Life Story; Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson: Slave Letters; and Vilet Lester Letter. This last item is particularly noteworthy as it is a very rare item indeed: a letter written by a female slave. The Elizabeth Johnson Harris: A Life Story area brings together the full text of her memories, along with several poems and vignettes published in various newspapers in her lifetime. She was born in 1867 to parents who had been slaves, and the memoir includes information about her own childhood and the importance of religion and education in her life. Finally, the last section brings together letters written by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson to their mistresses and other slave family members in Abingdon, Virginia.

2011-11-11

348

Upper Palaeolithic Siberian genome reveals dual ancestry of Native Americans.  

PubMed

The origins of the First Americans remain contentious. Although Native Americans seem to be genetically most closely related to east Asians, there is no consensus with regard to which specific Old World populations they are closest to. Here we sequence the draft genome of an approximately 24,000-year-old individual (MA-1), from Mal'ta in south-central Siberia, to an average depth of 1×. To our knowledge this is the oldest anatomically modern human genome reported to date. The MA-1 mitochondrial genome belongs to haplogroup U, which has also been found at high frequency among Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic European hunter-gatherers, and the Y chromosome of MA-1 is basal to modern-day western Eurasians and near the root of most Native American lineages. Similarly, we find autosomal evidence that MA-1 is basal to modern-day western Eurasians and genetically closely related to modern-day Native Americans, with no close affinity to east Asians. This suggests that populations related to contemporary western Eurasians had a more north-easterly distribution 24,000 years ago than commonly thought. Furthermore, we estimate that 14 to 38% of Native American ancestry may originate through gene flow from this ancient population. This is likely to have occurred after the divergence of Native American ancestors from east Asian ancestors, but before the diversification of Native American populations in the New World. Gene flow from the MA-1 lineage into Native American ancestors could explain why several crania from the First Americans have been reported as bearing morphological characteristics that do not resemble those of east Asians. Sequencing of another south-central Siberian, Afontova Gora-2 dating to approximately 17,000 years ago, revealed similar autosomal genetic signatures as MA-1, suggesting that the region was continuously occupied by humans throughout the Last Glacial Maximum. Our findings reveal that western Eurasian genetic signatures in modern-day Native Americans derive not only from post-Columbian admixture, as commonly thought, but also from a mixed ancestry of the First Americans. PMID:24256729

Raghavan, Maanasa; Skoglund, Pontus; Graf, Kelly E; Metspalu, Mait; Albrechtsen, Anders; Moltke, Ida; Rasmussen, Simon; Stafford, Thomas W; Orlando, Ludovic; Metspalu, Ene; Karmin, Monika; Tambets, Kristiina; Rootsi, Siiri; Mägi, Reedik; Campos, Paula F; Balanovska, Elena; Balanovsky, Oleg; Khusnutdinova, Elza; Litvinov, Sergey; Osipova, Ludmila P; Fedorova, Sardana A; Voevoda, Mikhail I; DeGiorgio, Michael; Sicheritz-Ponten, Thomas; Brunak, Søren; Demeshchenko, Svetlana; Kivisild, Toomas; Villems, Richard; Nielsen, Rasmus; Jakobsson, Mattias; Willerslev, Eske

2014-01-01

349

Upper Palaeolithic Siberian genome reveals dual ancestry of Native Americans  

PubMed Central

The origins of the First Americans remain contentious. Although Native Americans seem to be genetically most closely related to east Asians1–3, there is no consensus with regard to which specific Old World populations they are closest to4–8. Here we sequence the draft genome of an approximately 24,000-year-old individual (MA-1), from Mal’ta in south-central Siberia9, to an average depth of 13. To our knowledge this is the oldest anatomically modern human genome reported to date. The MA-1 mitochondrial genome belongs to haplogroup U, which has also been found at high frequency among Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic European hunter-gatherers10–12, and the Y chromosome of MA-1 is basal to modern-day western Eurasians and near the root of most Native American lineages5. Similarly, we find autosomal evidence that MA-1 is basal to modern-day western Eurasians and genetically closely related to modern-day Native Americans, with no close affinity to east Asians. This suggests that populations related to contemporary western Eurasians had a more north-easterly distribution 24,000 years ago than commonly thought. Furthermore, we estimate that 14 to 38% of Native American ancestry may originate through gene flow from this ancient population. This is likely to have occurred after the divergence of Native American ancestors from east Asian ancestors, but before the diversification of Native American populations in the New World. Gene flow from the MA-1 lineage into Native American ancestors could explain why several crania from the First Americans have been reported as bearing morphological characteristics that do not resemble those of east Asians2,13. Sequencing of another south-central Siberian, Afontova Gora-2 dating to approximately 17,000 years ago14, revealed similar autosomal genetic signatures as MA-1, suggesting that the region was continuously occupied by humans throughout the Last Glacial Maximum. Our findings reveal that western Eurasian genetic signatures in modern-day Native Americans derive not only from post-Columbian admixture, as commonly thought, but also from a mixed ancestry of the First Americans. PMID:24256729

Raghavan, Maanasa; Skoglund, Pontus; Graf, Kelly E.; Metspalu, Mait; Albrechtsen, Anders; Moltke, Ida; Rasmussen, Simon; Stafford, Thomas W.; Orlando, Ludovic; Metspalu, Ene; Karmin, Monika; Tambets, Kristiina; Rootsi, Siiri; Mägi, Reedik; Campos, Paula F.; Balanovska, Elena; Balanovsky, Oleg; Khusnutdinova, Elza; Litvinov, Sergey; Osipova, Ludmila P.; Fedorova, Sardana A.; Voevoda, Mikhail I.; DeGiorgio, Michael; Sicheritz-Ponten, Thomas; Brunak, Søren; Demeshchenko, Svetlana; Kivisild, Toomas; Villems, Richard; Nielsen, Rasmus; Jakobsson, Mattias; Willerslev, Eske

2014-01-01

350

Engaging Depressed African American Adolescents in Treatment: Lessons From The AAKOMA PROJECT  

PubMed Central

The authors describe and illustrate means of engaging depressed African American adolescents in treatment. Twenty-eight youth participated in focus groups or individual interviews. Using grounded theory and transcript based analysis, they derived 5 themes describing African American adolescents’ experience of depression and suggested mechanisms for improving African American youth treatment engagement. Practitioners can educate African American youth about depression as a medical disorder, build trust, and apply innovative approaches to recognizing differential manifestations of depression in African American youth. PMID:20564682

Breland-Noble, Alfiee M.; Burriss, Antoinette; Poole, H. Kathy

2013-01-01

351

Botryosphaeriaceae species overlap on four unrelated, native South African hosts.  

PubMed

Botryosphaeriaceae represents an important and diverse family of latent fungal pathogens of woody plants. We address the question of host range of these fungi by sampling leaves and branches of four native South African trees, including Acacia karroo (Fabaceae), Celtis africana (Cannabaceae), Searsia lancea (Anacardiaceae), and Gymnosporia buxifolia (Celastraceae). Two new species of the Botryosphaeriaceae, namely Tiarosporella africana sp. nov. and Aplosporella javeedii sp. nov. were identified, together with five known species, including Neofusicoccum parvum, Neofusicoccum kwambonambiense, Spencermartinsia viticola, Diplodia pseudoseriata, and Botryosphaeria dothidea. Most Botryosphaeriaceae occurred on more than one host. With the exception of S. lancea, which was infected by A. javeedii all the hosts were infected by more than one Botryosphaeriaceae species. Collectively, the results suggest that some intrinsic host factors, possibly combined with local environmental conditions, affect the distribution and co-infectivity of various hosts by the Botryosphaeriaceae. This would counteract the general ability of a species in the Botryosphaeriaceae to infect a broad range of plants. The combination of host and environmental factors might also explain why some Botryosphaeriaceae with apparently broad host ranges, are found on different suites of hosts in different areas of the world. PMID:24528639

Jami, Fahimeh; Slippers, Bernard; Wingfield, Michael J; Gryzenhout, Marieka

2014-02-01

352

Cancer Screening in Native Americans from the Northern Plains  

PubMed Central

Background Native Americans from the Northern Plains have the highest age-adjusted cancer mortality compared to Native Americans from any other region in the U.S. Purpose This study examined the utilization and determinants of cancer screening in a large sample of Native Americans from the Northern Plains. Methods A survey was administered orally to 975 individuals in 2004â2006 from three reservations and among the urban Native American community in the service region of the Rapid City Regional Hospital. Data analysis was conducted in 2007â2008. Results Forty-four percent of individuals reported ever receiving any cancer screening. Particularly low levels were found in breast, cervical, prostate, and colon cancer screening. In multivariate analyses, the strongest determinant of receiving cancer screening overall or cancer screening for a specific cancer site was recommendation for screening by a doctor or nurse. Other determinants associated with increased likelihood of ever having cancer screening included older age, female gender, and receiving physical exams more than once a year. Increased age was a determinant of breast cancer screening and receiving physical exams was associated with cervical cancer screening. Conclusions Cancer screening was markedly underutilized in this sample of Native Americans from the Northern Plains. Future research should evaluate the potential for improving cancer screening. PMID:20307807

Pandhi, Nancy; Guadagnolo, B. Ashleigh; Kanekar, Shalini; Petereit, Daniel G.; Smith, Maureen A.

2010-01-01

353

Changing psychiatric perception of African-Americans with affective disorders.  

PubMed

This article explored the origins and implications of the underdiagnosis of affective disorders in African-Americans. MEDLINE and old collections were searched using relevant key words. Reference lists from the articles that were gathered from this procedure were reviewed. The historical record indicated that the psychiatric perception of African-Americans with affective disorders changed significantly during the last 200 years. In the antebellum period, the mental disorders of slaves mostly went unnoticed. By the early 20th century, African-Americans were reported to have high rates of manic-depressive disorder compared with whites. By the mid-century, rates of manic-depressive disorder in African-Americans plummeted, whereas depression remained virtually nonexistent. In recent decades, diagnosed depression and bipolar disorder, whether in clinical or research settings, were inexplicably low in African-Americans compared with whites. Given these findings, American psychiatry needs to appraise the deep-seated effects of historical stereotypes on the diagnosis and treatment of African-Americans. PMID:23197118

Jarvis, G Eric

2012-12-01

354

3 CFR 8476 - Proclamation 8476 of February 1, 2010. National African American History Month, 2010  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...many hard-working Americans whose legacies are...opportunity for most African Americans, yet substantial obstacles...the vicious cycle of poverty—still pose enormous...past generations of African Americans to rise above...

2011-01-01

355

3 CFR 8627 - Proclamation 8627 of February 1, 2011. National African American History Month, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...historic recession has devastated many American families, and particularly African Americans, we must continue to create jobs...pathways for families to climb out of poverty. During National African American History Month, we recognize...

2012-01-01

356

3 CFR 8832 - Proclamation 8832 of June 1, 2012. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...8832 of June 1, 2012. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012 8832 Proclamation...2012 Proc. 8832 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012By the President...long-cherished piece of American culture, music offers a vibrant soundtrack to...

2013-01-01

357

After Columbus: Four-Hundred Years of Native American Portraiture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New York Public Library's early efforts to collect Native American portraiture were greatly aided by gifts and purchases made by Dr. Wilberforce Eames and J.P. Morgan. Morgan was a sponsor of Edward S. Curtis's massive survey of North American Native Americans and Eames was the Library's bibliographer. This particular digital collection from the Library brings together some of these early acquisitions, including George Caitlin's "North American Indian Portfolio" from 1845 and Frederic Allen Williams' "Photographs of American Indians". In total, this digital collection includes 369 prints and drawings. Visitors can browse through each portfolio at their leisure, or they can also elect to search through the entire collection by title or keyword.

358

Adolescent Alcohol Use in Context: The Role of Parents and Peers Among African American and European American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American youth are less likely to use alcohol than their European American counterparts; however, the greater consequences of use for African American youth highlight the need for greater research attention to this group. Two social contexts that have been linked with adolescent alcohol use are parents and peers, yet these studies have rarely included African American youth or failed

Deborah J. Jones; Andrea M. Hussong; Jennifer Manning; Emma Sterrett

2008-01-01

359

African American Women's Breastfeeding Experiences: Cultural, Personal, and Political Voices.  

PubMed

The low rate of breastfeeding among African American women in the United States is a poorly understood, persistent disparity. Our purpose in this study was to gain an understanding of how African American women experience breastfeeding in the context of their day-to-day lives. The Sequential-Consensual Qualitative Design (SCQD), a 3-stage qualitative methodology aimed at exploring the cultural, personal, and political context of phenomena, was used to explore the experiences of African American women who felt successful with breastfeeding. An integration of qualitative content analysis and Black feminist theory was used to analyze the data. Themes that emerged from Stage-2 data analysis included self-determination, spirituality and breastfeeding, and empowerment. In Stage 3 of the study, participant recommendations regarding breastfeeding promotion and support initiatives for African American breastfeeding were categorized into three themes, including engaging spheres of influence, sparking breastfeeding activism, and addressing images of the sexual breast vs. the nurturing breast. PMID:25288408

Spencer, Becky; Wambach, Karen; Domain, Elaine Williams

2014-10-01

360

The Career Experiences of African American Female Engineers  

E-print Network

Women of color, specifically African American women, within science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) are significantly underrepresented in workplace organizations. However, the majority of the research addressing STEM issues is centered...

Rice, Delores Nichelle

2012-10-19

361

Executive Summary of the African-American Initiative  

PubMed Central

The roundtable discussion, “Managing Cardiovascular Disease in African Americans: Emerging Strategies for Optimizing Care,” was convened to review the evidence that supports best practices for the management of cardiovascular disease and its complications in African Americans. Treatment guidelines are reviewed, as is the clinical evidence supporting the use of diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and beta-blockers. The ultimate goals of this work are to improve the understanding of the links among hypertension, diabetes, the metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease, all of which disproportionately affect African Americans, and to increase physician awareness of the unique impact of these conditions in the often underserved African-American population. PMID:17435635

Yancy, Clyde W.

2007-01-01

362

Preparing African American Counselor Education Students for the Professorate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to highlight the underrepresentation of African American faculty in CACREP-Accredited counseling programs and to discuss ways of creating and sustaining a pipeline of potential counselor educators for the academy. (Contains 1 table.)

Johnson, Phillip D.; Bradley, Carla R.; Knight, Donald E.; Bradshaw, Elizabeth S.

2007-01-01

363

African Americans and Pancreatic Cancer: Things to Know  

MedlinePLUS

AFRICAN AMERICANS AND PANCREATIC CANCER: THINGS TO KNOW By the National Cancer Institute BETHESDA, MD ? When NFL Hall of Famer Gene Upshaw died of pancreatic cancer in 2008, it was the first time that ...

364

A Kentucky Journey--African American Heritage. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to the core exhibit of the Kentucky History Center (Frankfort) focuses on African American history in the commonwealth of Kentucky. The guide extracts text from seven of the exhibit's chronological areas and lists environments, displays, and other exhibit features to help students understand some of the events that shaped the African

Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort.

365

African American Women and Eating Disturbances: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 18 studies were reviewed to investigate the relationship between ethnicity and eating disturbances, focusing on the relationship between African American and white women. Although white women had more risk of eating disturbances, the effect size was small. White women had slightly more risk for all eating disturbances combined. African

O'Neill, Shannon K.

2003-01-01

366

Title I: African-American Studies Program. Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a student workbook in African American studies used in the Detroit, Michigan public schools in 1978-79. The workbook contains student exercises in African history, culture, geography, languages, architecture, folktales, food, and artifacts. The continent of Africa is covered in units on Egypt, North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, and…

Wilson, Linda

367

African Americans’ views on research and the Tuskegee Syphilis study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participation of African Americans in clinical and public health research is essential. However, for a multitude of reasons, participation is low in many research studies. This article reviews the literature that substantiates barriers to participation and the legacy of past abuses of human subjects through research. The article then reports the results of seven focus groups with 60 African

Vicki S. Freimuth; Sandra Crouse Quinn; Stephen B. Thomas; Galen Cole; Eric Zook; Ted Duncan

2001-01-01

368

Lactose Intolerance in Pregnant African-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To state the prevalence and effects of lactose intolerance in pregnant African-American womenObjective: To determine the prevalence of lactose intolerance in pregnant African-American women, any change in tolerance that may occur and reported symptoms after consuming 240 ml of 1% milk.Design: This longitudinal study compared lactose status: 1) prior to 16 weeks gestation, 2) between the 30th and

D. M. Paige; F. R. Witter; J. A. Perman; Y. Bronner; L. A. Kessler

1997-01-01

369

A Qualitative Description of African American Women's Breastfeeding Experiences  

E-print Network

,000 in population). While the prevalence appears only slightly higher for African Americans as compared to whites, the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the 10 to 19 year old African American population is significantly on the rise (SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth... B. Purpose 4 i. Research Question 5 ii. Theory 6 iii. Significance of the Study 8 iv. Definition of terms 9 v. Assumptions 10 Chapter 2 11-36 A. Introduction 11 B. Review of the Literature 12 i...

Spencer, Becky

2012-08-31

370

Explorative study of African Americans and internet dating  

E-print Network

these estimates where there is anonymity, such as on the Internet (Henderson and Gilding 2004). Thus, the authors? suggest that trustworthiness not only depends on immanent qualities of reputation, performance and appearance, but also on contextual conditions..., particularly African Americans. 24 CHAPTER III METHODS The objective of this study is to conduct an exploratory study determining whether or not the Internet is an effective tool for African Americans to find ?compatable? dates. This study also...

Spates, Kamesha Sondranek

2005-02-17

371

Housing Discrimination and Urban Poverty of African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a conceptual synthesis of six competing positions about the causes of inordinately high rates of poverty among urban African-Americans. This framework guides the specification of a six-simultaneous-equation econometric model, wherein both the pattern and the extent of racial residential segregation, inter-class residential segregation within the African-American community, school racial segregation, school performance, and poverty rates are endogenous.

George C. Galster

1991-01-01

372

The African-American Urban Milieu and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic disparity between urban white America and urban black America is becoming more pronounced, whether in central cities, suburbs, or edge cities. African-American employment prospects have declined in central cities, increased slightly in suburbs, and increased substantially for the few African Americans living and working in edge cities. William Julius Wilson cites the decline in stable, higher-paying, blue-collar employment in

Lenneal J. Henderson

1994-01-01

373

Early Literacy Skills in African-American Children: Research Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The poor reading achievement of African- American children in urban schools is well established. African-American children from low-income homes may be at particular risk for reading difficulties, al- though middle-income children often fare poorly as well. Intervention efforts have focused on children in kindergarten through fifth grade. This article suggests that prevention efforts must begin prior to kindergarten entry. Several

Julie A. Washington

2001-01-01

374

JUNE 2, 2014 -CLASS DAY DEPARTMENTAL RECEPTIONS African American Studies  

E-print Network

JUNE 2, 2014 - CLASS DAY DEPARTMENTAL RECEPTIONS African American Studies Class of 1936 Memorial Garden 1:00 ­ 3:00 p.m. African Studies 3rd Floor Gallery, Aaron Burr Hall 2:30 ­ 3:15 p.m. American Studies Wu Dining Hall 2:30 - 3:30 p.m. Anthropology Large Multipurpose Room 104, Carl A. Fields Center 4

375

Evaluating Academic Achievement of African-American Male Students in Relationship to African-American Male Teachers in Guilford County, North Carolina Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The home and the public school classroom have been key environments in the African American community and have been instrumental in developing identity and encouraging academic progress. Despite this, the dropout rates of African American males in secondary grades have increased, while academic achievement scores of African American males in the…

Daniels, Byron L.

2010-01-01

376

Review: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in African Americans.  

PubMed

Heart failure (HF) affects 5,700 000 people in the United States, with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) being responsible for between 30%-50% of acute admissions. Epidemiological studies and HF registries have found HFPEF patients to be older, hypertensive and to have a history of atrial fibrillation. These findings, however, may not be fully applicable to African Americans, as they have been poorly studied making up only a minority of the test subjects. This review article is intended to discuss the pathophysiology and epidemiology of HFPEF within African Americans, highlight the differences compared to Caucasian populations and review current treatment guidelines. Studies looking at African Americans in particular have shown them to be younger, female and have worse diastolic dysfunction compared to Caucasian populations. African Americans also have been shown to have a worse mortality outcome especially in patients without coronary artery disease. The treatment of HFPEF is primarily symptomatic with no survival benefit seen in randomized controlled trials. Mechanisms postulated for the worse prognosis in African Americans with HFPEF include: greater incidence of hypertension and diastolic dysfunction, undefined race-driven genetic predispositions or relative resistance to medications that treat HF in general. The biological predispositions may also be compounded by inequality of healthcare access; something still felt to exist today. Prospective studies and randomized controlled trials need to be conducted with particular emphasis on African American populations to fully elucidate this disease and to formulate race specific treatment outcomes for the future. PMID:23140073

Shah, Sachil

2012-01-01

377

Cultural barriers to African American participation in anxiety disorders research.  

PubMed

Anxiety disorders are understudied, underdiagnosed, and undertreated in African Americans. Research focused on the phenomenology, etiology, and treatment of anxiety in African Americans has been hampered by lack of inclusion of this population in clinical research studies. The reason for exclusion is not well understood, although cultural mistrust has been hypothesized as a major barrier to research participation. This article reviews the relevant literature to date and examines the experience of 6 African American adults who participated in a larger clinical assessment study about anxiety. Drawing upon in-depth semistructured interviews about their subjective experiences, we examined participant perspectives about the assessment process, opinions about African American perception of anxiety studies, and participant-generated ideas about how to improve African American participation. Based on a qualitative analysis of responses, feelings of mistrust emerged as a dominant theme. Concerns fell under 6 categories, including not wanting to speak for others, confidentiality, self and group presentation concerns, repercussions of disclosure, potential covert purposes of the study, and the desire to confide only in close others. Suggestions for increasing African American participation are discussed, including assurances of confidentiality, adequate compensation, and a comfortable study environment. PMID:23862294

Williams, Monnica T; Beckmann-Mendez, Diana A; Turkheimer, Eric

2013-01-01

378

African American leadership groups: smoking with the enemy  

PubMed Central

Background: Among all racial and ethnic groups in the USA, African Americans bear the greatest burden from tobacco related disease. The tobacco industry has been highly influential in the African American community for decades, providing funding and other resources to community leaders and emphasising publicly its support for civil rights causes and groups, while ignoring the negative health effects of its products on those it claims to support. However, the industry's private business reasons for providing such support were unknown. Objective: To understand how and for what purposes the tobacco industry sought to establish and maintain relationships with African American leaders. Methods: Review and analysis of over 700 previously secret internal tobacco industry documents available on the internet. Results: The tobacco industry established relationships with virtually every African American leadership organisation and built longstanding social connections with the community, for three specific business reasons: to increase African American tobacco use, to use African Americans as a frontline force to defend industry policy positions, and to defuse tobacco control efforts. Conclusion: As the tobacco industry expands its global reach, public health advocates should anticipate similar industry efforts to exploit the vulnerabilities of marginalised groups. The apparent generosity, inclusion, and friendship proffered by the industry extract a price from groups in the health of their members. Helping groups anticipate such efforts, confront industry co-optation, and understand the hidden costs of accepting tobacco industry largesse should be part of worldwide tobacco control efforts. PMID:12432159

Yerger, V; Malone, R

2002-01-01

379

Cultural Barriers to African American Participation in Anxiety Disorders Research  

PubMed Central

Anxiety disorders are understudied, underdiagnosed, and undertreated in African Americans. Research focused on the phenomenology, etiology, and treatment of anxiety in African Americans has been hampered by lack of inclusion of this population in clinical research studies. The reason for exclusion is not well understood, although cultural mistrust has been hypothesized as a major barrier to research participation. This article reviews the relevant literature to date and examines the experience of 6 African American adults who participated in a larger clinical assessment study about anxiety. Drawing upon in-depth semistructured interviews about their subjective experiences, we examined participant perspectives about the assessment process, opinions about African American perception of anxiety studies, and participant-generated ideas about how to improve African American participation. Based on a qualitative analysis of responses, feelings of mistrust emerged as a dominant theme. Concerns fell under 6 categories, including not wanting to speak for others, confidentiality, self and group presentation concerns, repercussions of disclosure, potential covert purposes of the study, and the desire to confide only in close others. Suggestions for increasing African American participation are discussed, including assurances of confidentiality, adequate compensation, and a comfortable study environment. PMID:23862294

Williams, Monnica T.; Beckmann-Mendez, Diana A.; Turkheimer, Eric

2014-01-01

380

Barriers to hospice use among African Americans: a systematic review.  

PubMed

The present review was undertaken to explore recent evidence in the professional literature pertaining to use of hospice services by African Americans. The article addresses the research methods that have been used to study African American hospice use, obstacles to African American participation in hospice that have been identified, and interventions designed to increase the number of African Americans using hospice services that have been tested. Results indicate that both qualitative and quantitative methods have identified the following key factors that contribute to the underuse of hospice services by members of the African American community: personal or cultural values in conflict with hospice philosophy, lack of awareness of hospice services, concern about burdening family, economic factors, mistrust of the health care system, and expected lack of ethnic minority employees in hospice agencies. Implications for future social work research and practice with terminally ill African Americans and their families include efforts to quantitatively determine whether the identified key factors contribute significantly in the decisions they make regarding end-of-life care. In addition, social work intervention studies are recommended to offer tested interventions designed to increase the use of hospice services that are cost-effective and culturally competent. PMID:19070274

Washington, Karla T; Bickel-Swenson, Denise; Stephens, Nathan

2008-11-01

381

Providing Culturally Relevant Mental Health Services: Collaboration between Psychology and the African American Church.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a model of collaboration between psychologists and the African American church, discussing the connection between African psychology and religion, examining barriers to and strategies for collaboration between psychologists and the African American church, and describing the collaborative model called the African American Counseling Team.…

Queener, John E.; Martin, Juanita K.

2001-01-01

382

Slaves No More: The Caring Power of African-American Female Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author examines the historical significance of the cultural aspect of race on African American females' leadership values and styles that encourage caring in schools. The author focuses her study by asking: What aspects of their (African American female leaders) cultural backgrounds as Africans and as African Americans

Sernak, Kathleen S.

2004-01-01

383

Kill Them Before They Grow. Misdiagnosis of African American Boys in American Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contends that the American public education system has made "black male" synonymous with "disabled" through the creation of the labels "Behavior Disorders" and "Emotional Disorders." These labels, which say that African American boys cannot behave without special treatment, juvenile probation, and, in many cases, drugs, condemns African

Porter, Michael

384

Marital Satisfaction among African Americans and Black Caribbeans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the correlates of marital satisfaction using data from a national probability sample of African Americans (N = 962) and Black Caribbeans (N = 560). Findings reveal differences between African Americans and Black Caribbeans, and men and women within those groups, in the predictors of marital satisfaction. Black Caribbean women…

Bryant, Chalandra M.; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Lincoln, Karen D.; Chatters, Linda M.; Jackson, James S.

2008-01-01

385

Recruiting Highly Qualified African American Teachers in American Urban Public Schools: A Qualitative Collective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the qualitative collective case study is to identify the weaknesses in the methods used to recruit highly qualified African American preservice teachers in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. The data collection process consisted of one-on-one, open-ended interview questions with 10 highly qualified African American public school…

James, LaNora Marcell

2011-01-01

386

Cultural In-Group Advantage: Emotion Recognition in African American and European American Faces and Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored whether there were in-group advantages in emotion recognition of faces and voices by culture or geographic region. Participants were 72 African American students (33 men, 39 women), 102 European American students (30 men, 72 women), 30 African international students (16 men, 14 women), and 30 European international students…

Wickline, Virginia B.; Bailey, Wendy; Nowicki, Stephen

2009-01-01

387

Psychosocial Issues Facing African and African American Women Diagnosed With Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer is a global issue. The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 1.2 million people will receive a diagnosis of breast cancer each year. Breast cancer continues to be the most diagnosed cancer for all women, after skin cancer, both within the United States and worldwide. Although the incidence of breast cancer among African and African American women is

Godfrey Gregg

2009-01-01

388

The relationship between skin color, self-esteem and African self-consciousness among African American college-educated women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among skin color, self-esteem, and African self-consciousness among 303 college-educated African American women. In addition, an African American Socialization Subscale was used to examine the participants' level of acculturation in the African American culture. The researcher hypothesized that those women who perceived their skin color as light, in comparison to

Kim M Daniel

2001-01-01

389

Native American Center -UM Schematic Landscape Design Plan 4-3-08  

E-print Network

Native American Center - UM Schematic Landscape Design Plan 4-3-08 Planting Ring - group species realignes this edge of walk alternate alignment for walkway Native Grass Band Dry Shade Species Native Grass Band Dry Exposed Species Native Grass Band Open Sun Species Native Grass Band Dry Shade Species Native

Vonessen, Nikolaus

390

Genetic Ancestry-Smoking Interactions and Lung Function in African Americans: A Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundSmoking tobacco reduces lung function. African Americans have both lower lung function and decreased metabolism of tobacco smoke compared to European Americans. African ancestry is also associated with lower pulmonary function in African Americans. We aimed to determine whether African ancestry modifies the association between smoking and lung function and its rate of decline in African Americans.Methodology\\/Principal FindingsWe evaluated a

Melinda C. Aldrich; Rajesh Kumar; Laura A. Colangelo; L. Keoki Williams; Saunak Sen; Stephen B. Kritchevsky; Bernd Meibohm; Joshua Galanter; Donglei Hu; Christopher R. Gignoux; Yongmei Liu; Tamara B. Harris; Elad Ziv; Joseph Zmuda; Melissa Garcia; Tennille S. Leak; Marilyn G. Foreman; Lewis J. Smith; Myriam Fornage; Kiang Liu; Esteban G. Burchard

2012-01-01

391

Native American Children's Books. Book Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 11 children's books, published 1990-93, suitable for elementary and middle school students, covering Native riddles; Hiawatha as founder of the Iroquois confederacy; Chief Seattle's famous speech; stories about Inuit life and Mexican village life during the 1500s; Sequoyah and the Cherokee alphabet; the Iroquois creation myth; Wampanoag…

Moulton, Kathryn Elizabeth; Cornelius, Carol

1993-01-01

392

American Indian and Alaska Natives Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... Freedenthal, S. & Stiffman, A. R. (2004). Suicidal Behavior in Urban American Indian Adolescents: A Comparison with Reservation Youth ... et al. (1999). Risk Factors Significantly fewer (21%) urban-reared AI/AN • youth were found to have ...

393

Bessie Coleman, First African American Pilot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Born on January 26, 1892 in Atlanta, Texas to a family of sharecroppers, Bessie Coleman grew up in poverty. Her father abandoned the family when she was nine, and her elder brothers soon left as well, leaving her mother with the four youngest of her thirteen children. While taking care of her younger sisters, Bessie completed all eight available years of primary education, excelling in math. She enrolled at the Colored Agricultural and Normal University in Langston, Oklahoma in 1910, but lack of funds forced her to leave after only one term. Five years later, she left the South and moved to Chicago to join two of her brothers, Walter and John, where she worked as a beautician for several years. An avid reader, she learned about World War I pilots in the newspaper and became intrigued by the prospect of flying. As a black woman, she had no chance of acceptance at any American pilot school, so she moved to France in 1919 and enrolled at the Ecole d'Aviation des Freres Caudon at Le Crotoy. After returning briefly to the United States, she spent one more term in France practicing more advanced flying before finally settling back in her birth country. She did exhibition flying and gave lectures across the country from 1922 to 1926. While flying, she refused to perform unless the audiences were desegregated. She was test flying a new plane on April 30, 1926 when it malfunctioned, killing both her and the mechanic who was piloting it. Her career as the world's first African American pilot inspired many who followed.

1921-01-01

394

20 CFR 632.13 - Review of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.13 Review...

2011-04-01

395

20 CFR 668.100 - What is the purpose of the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under section...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE...the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under...

2013-04-01

396

20 CFR 668.940 - What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council? 668...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE...940 What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council?...

2014-04-01

397

20 CFR 668.940 - What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council? 668...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE...940 What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council?...

2012-04-01

398

20 CFR 668.100 - What is the purpose of the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under section...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE...the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under...

2014-04-01

399

40 CFR 33.304 - Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization, Tribe or Tribal Government...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization...Efforts § 33.304 Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization...good faith efforts? (a) A Native American (either as an individual,...

2010-07-01

400

20 CFR 668.100 - What is the purpose of the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under section...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE...the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under...

2012-04-01

401

40 CFR 33.304 - Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization, Tribe or Tribal Government...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization...Efforts § 33.304 Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization...good faith efforts? (a) A Native American (either as an individual,...

2013-07-01

402

20 CFR 632.13 - Review of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.13 Review...

2012-04-01

403

40 CFR 33.304 - Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization, Tribe or Tribal Government...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization...Efforts § 33.304 Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization...good faith efforts? (a) A Native American (either as an individual,...

2014-07-01

404

20 CFR 668.100 - What is the purpose of the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE...the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under...

2010-04-01

405

40 CFR 33.304 - Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization, Tribe or Tribal Government...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization...Efforts § 33.304 Must a Native American (either as an individual, organization...good faith efforts? (a) A Native American (either as an individual,...

2012-07-01

406

20 CFR 632.13 - Review of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.13 Review...

2010-04-01

407

20 CFR 668.940 - What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council? 668...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE...940 What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council?...

2013-04-01

408

20 CFR 668.100 - What is the purpose of the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE WORKFORCE...the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under...

2011-04-01

409

Early Head Start and African American Families: Impacts and Mechanisms of Child Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persistent disparities exist between African American children and their European American counterparts across developmental domains. Early childhood intervention may serve to promote more positive outcomes among African American children. The current study examined whether and how the Early Head Start (EHS) program benefited African American

Harden, Brenda Jones; Sandstrom, Heather; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel

2012-01-01

410

Race in the Global Era. African Americans at the Millennium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Race is only one of the prisms through which to examine the political and social life of Americans, but it is one in which there has been insufficient determination of contemporary dynamics. For this discussion, the most important issue is the debate within the black community regarding the nature and causes of the crisis facing African Americans

Lusane, Clarence

411

Welfare Systems and African-Americans: Historical Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An historical discussion of the relationship of American welfare systems to African-Americans, stating that Europeans, primarily from England, reluctantly established meagre, inhumane welfare systems based on seventeenth century English philosophy and tradition for members of their own nationality group after more than two centuries of poverty in…

Nicholson, Rosetta

1975-01-01

412

Marriage, Money, and African American Mothers' Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of marital status and family income on the self-esteem of 292 African American mothers. Counter to previous studies with European American mothers, family income moderated the effects of marital status. Those mothers with higher family income had higher self-esteem, regardless of their marital status. For those with…

Mandara, Jelani; Johnston, Jamie S.; Murray, Carolyn B.; Varner, Fatima

2008-01-01

413

Cultural Enrichment: Connecting African American Elementary Children to Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large, growing number of mis-educated American citizens are being produced by America's public schools. Many of these students are being funneled into the penal system shortly after dropping out of high school. This phenomenon is especially prevalent among African American male students, many of whom have withdrawn academically years prior…

Winston, Deborah L.

2011-01-01

414

A Longitudinal Study of Hope in Native American Children and Adolescents  

E-print Network

Native Americans are at greater risk for trauma and negative mental health outcomes than the general population. Several protective factors have been identified within the Native American culture that may aid in decreasing mental health disparities...

Mashunkashey-Shadlow, Joanna

2007-09-25

415

CRCHD SPN Project: The Network for Cancer Control Research Among American Indian and Alaska Native Populations  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD SPN Project: The Network for Cancer Control Research Among American Indian and Alaska Native Populations  Back to CRCHD Completed Research SPN Project Listing The Network for Cancer Control Research Among American Indian and Alaska Native

416

CRCHD - Northwest Native American Patient Navigation Pilot Program (NW PNP) Contacts  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Northwest Native American Patient Navigation Pilot Program (NW PNP) Contacts  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Project Listing Northwest Native American Patient Navigation Pilot Program (NW PNP) Patient Navigation Research Program

417

9th Annual Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History  

E-print Network

9th Annual Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History University of Oklahoma Elder Voices, Youth Choices from the Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair! We are pleased

Oklahoma, University of

418

Native American Schools Move into the New Millennium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Four Directions Challenge in Technology Project is a collaborative of schools, universities, and organizations engaged in producing culturally resonant curricula for Native-American students. The project avoids content and strategies conflicting with community values; builds on students' background knowledge; and inspires cultural confidence…

Allen, Nancy; Christal, Mark; Perrot, Don; Wilson, Cynthia; Grote, Barbara; Earley, Mary Ann

1999-01-01

419

The prejudice against Native American drama from 1778 to 1830  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although historians have frequently asserted that American theatre audiences, managers, and critics were prejudiced against native drama during the early nineteenth century, these assertions have often been inadequately supported. A reappraisal of contemporary sources suggests that prejudice began to develop about 1800 and reached its peak just prior to the War of 1812. After the war this prejudice gradually subsided.

Harold J. Nichols

1974-01-01

420

Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Chickasaw Nation Cultural Resources Director Haskell Alexander (left) presents a gift to Joyce and James Herrington, parents of John Herrington, mission specialist on mission STS-113. Herrington is the first Native American to be going into space.

2002-01-01

421

Native American Salt Basins in the Sierra Nevada  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Native Americans of the Miwok tribe in the northern Sierra Nevada, California carved these basins into the granite bedrock to produce salt for trade. They filled the basins with water from a salt spring and let the water evaporate, leaving a salt residue in the basin. Shown here is an aerial view of...

2009-11-30

422

Native American Traditional Economic Values and Systems: Some Dispersed Samples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to test the hypothesis which states "the economic values of traditional tribal cultures are essentially the same", seven culturally and geographically diversified Native American tribes were investigated via library research. The tribes studied were: Mohawk and/or Iroquois (microthermal climate); Maricopa (tropical desert environment);…

Parker, L. Mayland

423

Seasons: The National Native American AIDS Prevention Center Quarterly. 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three 1993 issues of "Seasons" (the Spring/Summer issues are combined) address various aspects of dealing with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among Native Americans. The Winter issue focuses on tuberculosis (TB) and its incidence and treatment among HIV-positive individuals. "Remembering…

Rush, Andrea Green, Ed.

1993-01-01

424

Research Into Native North Americans' Cognition: 1973-1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using Kleinfeld's review of Inuit possible cognitive strengths as framework, reviews 28 studies published since 1973 on cognition (broadly defined to include studies of visual/social perception, cognitive style, concrete/formal operational ability, language abilities, cognitive strengths) among Native North Americans. Identifies weaknesses of…

Osborne, Barry

1985-01-01

425

Career Barriers and Coping Efficacy among Native American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between career barriers (low perceived social status [PSS], experiences with personal and systemic classism, and general ethnic discrimination) and college outcome expectations (COEs) among a sample of 121 Native American postsecondary students. Self-efficacy for coping with career barriers was tested as a…

Thompson, Mindi N.

2013-01-01

426

Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students  

ScienceCinema

Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

None

2010-09-01

427

Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students  

ScienceCinema

Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

None

2013-04-19

428

Native American Salt Basins in the Sierra Nevada  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Native Americans of the Miwok tribe in the northern Sierra Nevada, California carved these basins into the granite bedrock to produce salt for trade. They filled the basins with water from a salt spring and let the water evaporate, leaving a salt residue in the basin. The basins are about a meter in...

2009-11-30

429

Native American Salt Basins in the Sierra Nevada  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Native Americans of the Miwok tribe in the northern Sierra Nevada, California carved these basins into the granite bedrock to produce salt for trade. They filled the basins with water from a salt spring and let the water evaporate, leaving a salt residue in the basin. The basins are approximately on...

2009-11-30

430

Native American Resources: A Model for Collection Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This construct for collection development as it relates to Native American resources utilizes Thomas Mann's "Library Research Methods" (1993) concepts of the Traditional Model, the Actual-Practice Model, and the Principle of Least Effort to organize recommendations for both strategies and resources. The three-pronged hierarchical approach to…

Taylor, Rhonda Harris; Patterson, Lotsee

2004-01-01

431

Dangerous Definitions: Female Tricksters in Contemporary Native American Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses academic arguments over definitions of "trickster," who intrinsically disrupts classifications of any kind. Focuses on trickster's reemergence (particularly as female) in contemporary native American literature, which merges verbal art and tribal traditions with Anglo text forms to create a liminal literary space ideal for trickster.…

Cox, Jay

1989-01-01

432

Alcohol and Other Drug Addictions Among Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native Americans have the highest addiction rate of any group in the United States as well as one of the most difficult treatment records. Part of the problem is a long history of contravening U.S. Indian policies that contributed greatly to the phenomenon known as psychocultural marginality. In addition to alcoholism, notably fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effect

Laurence Armand French

2004-01-01

433

Financial Aid for Native Americans, 1997-99. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory contains information on programs open primarily or exclusively to Native Americans including scholarships, fellowships, loans, grants, awards, internships, state sources of educational benefits, and general financial aid directories for minorities. The directory is divided into six sections. Within sections, each entry lists program…

Schlachter, Gail Ann; Weber, R. David

434

Revitalizing Hispanic and Native American Communities: Four Examples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes locally controlled economic development strategies used by Native American and Hispanic cooperatives and organizations: Ganados del Valle, Madera Forest Products Association, Seventh Generation Fund, and Ramah Navajo Weavers Association. Discusses the issues of cultural and economic survival in isolated rural communities. (SV)

Robinson, Paul; And Others

1989-01-01

435

History Repeats itselfRestorative Justice in Native American Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although restorative justice principles served as the foundation for many Native American legal systems, contemporary tribal courts rely heavily on the laws and standards they received from European settlers. This trend is now being reversed as tribal courts have begun to rediscover their restorative roots and share them with non-Indians. In this article, a framework is developed for understanding the

JONA F. MEYER

1998-01-01

436

Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

2010-03-05

437

Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

None

2010-01-01

438

American Indian and Alaska Native Education. Executive Order 13096.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Executive Order of the President outlines a plan for federal agencies to develop a long-term comprehensive federal Indian education policy that will accomplish six goals for American Indian and Alaska Native education. These goals are improving reading and mathematics; increasing high school completion and postsecondary attendance rates;…

Clinton, William J.

1998-01-01

439

American Indians and Alaska Natives in Postsecondary Education. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook is a comprehensive compilation of data on American Indian and Alaska Native participation in higher education, primarily 4-year and 2-year universities and colleges, including tribal colleges. Data cover undergraduate students, graduate students, and faculty, as well as student outcomes following graduation. Data sources include…

Pavel, D. Michael; Skinner, Rebecca Rak; Farris, Elizabeth; Cahalan, Margaret; Tippeconnic, John; Stein, Wayne

440

African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Library of Congress's American Memory project has premiered a new collection showcasing the Library's extensive African-American collections. It traces the African-American experience through nine chronological periods that document the long and difficult path from slavery to Reconstruction to the fight for civil and social equality in the twentieth century. This virtual exhibit is similar to a physical one in that the emphasis is on the historical materials rather than explanatory text. Users will find images of a wide range of rare books, manuscripts, government documents, sheet music, movie posters, and photographs.

441

Psychopathy Subtypes among African American County Jail Inmates  

PubMed Central

There is evidence that the classification of “psychopath” captures a heterogeneous group of offenders. Although several studies have provided evidence for two distinct psychopath subtypes, these studies have inadequately addressed potentially important ethnic differences. A recent taxonomic study found evidence for primary and secondary psychopath subgroups in a sample of European American offenders (Swogger & Kosson, 2007). The present study used cluster analysis to attempt to replicate those findings in a sample of African American offenders. Results confirm the presence of primary and secondary subtypes in African Americans. However, differences between the clusters obtained in the present and previous studies suggest that caution is warranted in generalizing offender taxonomies across ethnicity. PMID:19458787

Swogger, Marc T.; Walsh, Zach; Kosson, David S.

2009-01-01

442

Native Education Directory: Organizations and Resources for Educators of Native Americans. [Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory provides information on organizations, government agencies, institutions of higher education, periodicals, publishers, and other resources useful to persons involved in the education of American Indian and Alaska Native students. Section 1 describes approximately 80 international, national, and multistate nongovernmental…

Hammer, Patricia Cahape, Comp.; Beasley, Heather, Comp.

443

African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of CongressâÂÂs âÂÂAfrican American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenshipâ exhibition celebrates African American history over nine time periods, ranging from 18th century slavery to the Civil Rights era. This thorough collection includes over 240 books, government documents, maps, musical scores, films, and plays, supplemented with relevant historical explanations and contexts. Viewers can peruse through more than two hundred years of historical documents to better understand the African American quest for equality in the face of adversity. All available for review online, the collection features a key-word search for more efficient learning and researching. Through easy browsing of original documents, such as letters Frederick Douglass wrote during the Civil War, users are able to get a better historical perspective on the unique development of African American culture.

2008-01-01

444

Strategies for Teaching Composition to Native Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the needs of American Indian college students in writing classes are very similar to those of Anglo basic writers, Indian writers often bring cultural and linguistic differences into the writing classroom. Indians are oriented only in the present, which affects their use of verb constructions; they are oriented toward sharing, which…

Barwell, Jay

445

Native American Historical Demography, A Critical Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bibliographical essay deals with the vital question of the capacity of American Indian communities to grow and prosper before they were introduced to European technology. Traditionally, scholars have assumed that aboriginal Indian populations were very small, and that their smallness proved their inability to cope with the natural environment.…

Dobyns, Henry F.

446

Indian Giving: Federal Programs for Native Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aimed at highlighting American Indian reservation conditions, outlining the scope of Federal aid to Indians, and suggesting the nature of future Indian problems and choices, this book attempts to assess the current socioeconomic status of the Indian community and its relationship with the Federal Government. Specifically, this book provides both…

Levitan, Sar A.; Johnston, William B.

447

NATIVE AMERICAN LANDS IN REGION 10  

EPA Science Inventory

The .dbf file is standalone ArcView coverage contained within the American Indian Lands Environmental Support Project (AILESP) data base. Data supports scales at multiple resolutions although ambiguities can be seen when combined with other coverages such as general land ownersh...

448

The Blackout of Native American Cultural Achievements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that American Indian achievements are overlooked and even specifically denied in the face of overwhelming evidence of their reality. Examines the denials of Indian originality in three specific matters that have been controversial in recent decades: medicine, the manufacture of maple syrup, and the use of fertilizer. (JHZ)

Vogel, Virgil J.

1987-01-01

449

Risk pathways for suicide among Native American adolescents.  

PubMed

Native American (Native) adolescents have the highest suicide rates in the United States, yet no conceptual models describing risk factors specific to this population exist. We sought to further hone a Native-specific conceptual model developed from quantitative data with qualitative data collected from a longitudinal series of interviews with (N = 22) Native adolescents who had attempted suicide. Four levels of suicide risk emerged, detailing individual, family, community, and societal factors that affect youths' pathways to suicide, along with a variety of subthemes and constructs. Some themes parallel established models of suicide risk; however, others are unique to the experience of this sample, including the impact of overtaxed households and family composition, significant grief burden, contagion, and stigma surrounding treatment seeking. We suggest adaptations of existing themes and constructs in the model. We discuss practical implications for research and intervention development, along with strengths and limitations of the study. PMID:25168705

Tingey, Lauren; Cwik, Mary F; Goklish, Novalene; Larzelere-Hinton, Francene; Lee, Angelita; Suttle, Rosemarie; Walkup, John T; Barlow, Allison

2014-11-01

450

Assessment of the Status of African-Americans. Volume V: Health and Medical Care of African-Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1987 a project was undertaken to assess the status of African Americans in the United States in the topical areas to be addressed by the National Research Council's Study Committee on the Status of Black Americans: education, employment, income and occupations, political participation and the administration of justice, social and cultural…

Reed, Wornie L.; Darity, William, Sr.; Roman, Stanford; Baquet, Claudia; Roberson, Norma L.

451

The central Siberian origin for native American Y chromosomes.  

PubMed Central

Y chromosomal DNA polymorphisms were used to investigate Pleistocene male migrations to the American continent. In a worldwide sample of 306 men, we obtained 32 haplotypes constructed with the variation found in 30 distinct polymorphic sites. The major Y haplotype present in most Native Americans was traced back to recent ancestors common with Siberians, namely, the Kets and Altaians from the Yenissey River Basin and Altai Mountains, respectively. Going further back, the next common ancestor gave rise also to Caucasoid Y chromosomes, probably from the central Eurasian region. This study, therefore, suggests a predominantly central Siberian origin for Native American paternal lineages for those who could have migrated to the Americas during the Upper Pleistocene. PMID:9973301

Santos, F R; Pandya, A; Tyler-Smith, C; Pena, S D; Schanfield, M; Leonard, W R; Osipova, L; Crawford, M H; Mitchell, R J

1999-01-01

452

Multi-generational Perspectives on Health, Cancer, and Biomedicine: Northeastern Native American Perspectives Shaped by Mistrust  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Cancer is the second leading cause of death among Native Americans, who have-some of the poorest cancer survival rates of any race\\/ethnicity nationwide. Considering the cancer burden experienced by Native Americans and the lack of research exploring Northeastern tribal communities' cancer experiences, a qualitative investigation of Native Americans' cancer coping strategies and health education needs was undertaken. Data were collected

Diane Weiner; Brenda Geer; Markos Samos; Mary K. Canales; Agnes Cunha; Nina S. Wampler

2011-01-01

453

38 CFR 36.4527 - Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands...Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands...investments under the VA Native American Direct Loan Program...to relieve any undue prejudice to a debtor, or...

2012-07-01

454

38 CFR 36.4527 - Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands...Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands...investments under the VA Native American Direct Loan Program...to relieve any undue prejudice to a debtor, or...

2014-07-01

455

Multi-generational Perspectives on Health, Cancer, and Biomedicine: Northeastern Native American Perspectives Shaped by Mistrust  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cancer is the second leading cause of death among Native Americans, who have-some of the poorest cancer survival rates of any race\\/ethnicity nationwide. Considering the cancer burden experienced by Native Americans and the lack of research exploring Northeastern tribal communities' cancer experiences, a qualitative investigation of Native Americans' cancer coping strategies and health education needs was undertaken. Data were collected

Diane Weiner; Brenda Geer; Markos Samos; Mary K. Canales; Agnes Cunha; Nina S. Wampler

2011-01-01

456

38 CFR 36.4527 - Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands...Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands...investments under the VA Native American Direct Loan Program...to relieve any undue prejudice to a debtor, or...

2013-07-01

457

48 CFR 352.242-72 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...and Clauses 352.242-72 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...insert the following clause: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...

2010-10-01

458

48 CFR 352.242-72 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...and Clauses 352.242-72 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act...insert the following clause: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...

2014-10-01

459

Differences in Drinking Behavior and Access to Alcohol between Native American and White Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated differences in drinking behaviors and sources of alcohol among Native American (n = 361) and White adolescents (n = 1,735), ages 11 to 19. Native American youth were more likely to have consumed alcohol in their lifetime and been intoxicated in the last 30 days than Whites. Native American drinkers were almost twice as likely to…

Friese, Bettina; Grube, Joel

2009-01-01

460

Native American Women Perceptions in Pk-12 Administrative Positions in North Dakota Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically Native American women have experienced barriers in their rise to Pk-12 educational leadership positions. There is limited research available on Native American women in educational leadership. Therefore, the purpose for this survey study was to discover what inspired current Pk-12 Native American women educational leaders to choose…

DeCoteau, Lanelia Irene

2012-01-01

461

Health-related Quality of Life of African American Breast Cancer Survivors Compared to Healthy African American Women  

PubMed Central

Background The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer can result in an array of late cancer-specific side effects and changes in general well-being. Research has focused on Caucasian samples, limiting our understanding of the unique health-related quality of life outcomes of African American breast cancer survivors (BCS). Even when African American BCS have been targeted, research is limited by small samples and failure to include comparisons of peers without a history of breast cancer. Objective The purpose of this study was to compare health-related quality of life of African American women BCS to African American women with no history of breast cancer (control group). Methods A total of 140 women (62 BCS and 78 control), ages 18 years or older and 2–10 years post-diagnosis, was recruited from a breast cancer clinic and cancer support groups. Participants provided informed consent and completed a one-time survey based on Brenner’s (1995) proximal-distal health-related quality of life model. Results After adjusting for age, education, income, and body mass index, African American BCS experienced more fatigue (p=0.001), worse hot flashes (p<0.001) and worse sleep quality (p<0.001), but more social support from their partner (p=0.028) and more positive change (p=0.001) compared to African American women controls. Conclusions Our results suggest that African American women BCS may experience unique health-related outcomes that transcend age, education, socio-economic status and body mass index. Implications for Practice Findings suggest the importance of understanding the survivorship experience for particular racial and ethnic subgroups to proactively assess difficulties and plan interventions. PMID:22228394

Von Ah, Diane M.; Russell, Kathleen M.; Carpenter, Janet; Monahan, Patrick O.; Zhao, Qianqian; Tallman, Eileen; Ziner, Kim Wagler; Storniolo, Anna Maria; Miller, Kathy D.; Giesler, R. Brian; Haase, Joan; Otte, Julie; Champion, Victoria L.

2011-01-01

462

A prospective study of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin d levels and mortality among African Americans and non-African Americans.  

PubMed

The beneficial biologic effects attributed to vitamin D suggest a potential to influence overall mortality. Evidence addressing this hypothesis is limited, especially for African Americans who have a high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency. The authors conducted a nested case-control study within the prospective Southern Community Cohort Study to relate baseline serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) with subsequent mortality. Cases were 1,852 participants who enrolled from 2002 to 2009 and died >12 months postenrollment. Controls (n = 1,852) were matched on race, sex, age, enrollment site, and blood collection date. The odds ratios for quartile 1 (<10.18 ng/mL) versus quartile 4 (>21.64 ng/mL) levels of 25(OH)D were 1.60 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.20, 2.14) for African Americans and 2.11 (95% CI: 1.39, 3.21) for non-African Americans. The effects were strongest for circulatory disease death, where quartile 1 versus quartile 4 odds ratios were 2.53 (95% CI: 1.44, 4.46) and 3.25 (95% CI: 1.33, 7.93) for African Americans and non-African Americans, respectively. The estimated odds of total mortality were minimized in the 25(OH)D range of 35-40 ng/mL. These findings provide support for the hypothesis that vitamin D status may have an important influence on mortality for both African Americans and non-African Americans. PMID:23125439

Signorello, Lisa B; Han, Xijing; Cai, Qiuyin; Cohen, Sarah S; Cope, Elizabeth L; Zheng, Wei; Blot, William J

2013-01-15

463

Religion and womanism in the lives of Central Texas African American Baptist women  

E-print Network

African American Baptist churches are not known as bastions of sexual equality. The dominance of males in the pulpit and the conservative and literal interpretation of the Bible often support this idea. African American women, however, were...

Turner, Deidra Rochelle

2009-05-15

464

3 CFR 8992 - Proclamation 8992 of May 31, 2013. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...8992 of May 31, 2013. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 8992 Proclamation...2013 Proc. 8992 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013By the President...lasting freedom. Through every generation, music has reflected and renewed our...

2014-01-01

465

Mentoring Relationships among African American Women in Graduate and Professional Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of mentoring relationships among African American women in postbaccalaureate degree programs is emphasized and coupled with a discussion of the current shortage of same-race, same-sex mentors for African American female graduate and professional students.

Patton, Lori D.; Harper, Shaun R.

2003-01-01

466

Exercise economy in African American and European American women.  

PubMed

We have previously shown that Achilles tendon length is related to walking economy on the flat, presumably because of increased stretch-shortening cycle elastic energy savings. In addition, greater walking economy in African American (AA) women compared to European American (EA) women is explained by longer Achilles tendons in AA women. The purposes of this study were to determine whether economy while walking up a grade and during isometric plantar flexion, two tasks expected to produce proportionately less energy savings from elastic savings are different between AA and EA women. We evaluated walking economy at 4.8 km/h at 0 and 2.5% grade in 48 AA and 48 EA premenopausal women. Plantar flexor muscle metabolic economy (force/ATP) was also evaluated using (31) phosphate magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS). AA women walked on the flat more economically (net VO(2), AA 8.3 and EA 8.9 ml kg(-1) min(-1), P = 0.04). No significant ethnic differences were observed while walking up a 2.5% grade or in (31)P-MRS determined plantar flexor muscle metabolic economy. These data support our previous study's suggestion that AA women are more economical while walking on the flat. On the other hand, in activities in which stretch-shortening cycle elastic energy savings would be expected to be reduced (grade walking and isometric force production), no differences in economy during grade walking or isometric force production were observed suggesting that biomechanical, i.e. stretch-shortening cycle elastic energy savings differences rather biochemical differences contribute to the better flat walking economy observed in AA women. PMID:21229260

Hunter, Gary R; McCarthy, John P; Bamman, Marcas M; Larson-Meyer, D Enette; Fisher, Gordon; Newcomer, Bradley R

2011-08-01

467

Ethnicity as a social context for the development of African-American adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does anticipated future racial discrimination undermine African-American adolescents' academic motivation and performance? Do face-to-face experiences with racial discrimination at school undermine African-American adolescents' academic functioning? Does African-American ethnic identity buffer these relations? This paper addresses these questions using two waves of data from a longitudinal study of an economically diverse sample of African-American adolescents living near Washington D.C. The data

Jacquelynne S. Eccles; Carol A. Wong; Stephen C. Peck

2006-01-01

468

Strategies to prevent HIV transmission among heterosexual African-American men  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: As part of qualitative research for developing a culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate videotape-based HIV prevention intervention for heterosexual African- American men, six focus groups were conducted with thirty African-American men to determine their perceptions of AIDS as a threat to the African-American community, characteristics of past situations that have placed African Americans at risk for HIV infection, their

Ekere J Essien; Angela F Meshack; Ronald J Peters; Gbadebo O Ogungbade; Nora I Osemene

2005-01-01

469

Sexual health communication within religious african-american families.  

PubMed

While research suggests youth prefer parents and family members to serve as the primary sources of sexual health information, fear and discomfort around discussing sex with their parents may leave youth misinformed and underinformed. This study explored sexual heath communication within religious African-American families. Thirty adolescents participated in four focus groups, and 19 adults and 30 adolescents participated in six focus groups, at two predominantly African-American Christian churches in Flint, MI. All data were analyzed inductively using a constant comparison approach. Nearly all participants reported attending church weekly. Three themes emerged and are described: initiating sex talks, using mistakes as teaching tools, and clarifying prevention messages. Participants highlighted the need for religious parents to offer both religious and practical guidance to adolescents about sexual health. Findings from this study may be used to inform future sexual health promotion interventions for religious African-American families. PMID:24901449

Williams, Terrinieka T; Pichon, Latrice C; Campbell, Bettina

2015-04-01

470

Why African Americans may not be participating in clinical trials.  

PubMed Central

African Americans have been underrepresented in clinical trials. This study was designed to determine factors that may help explain the low participation rate of African Americans in clinical trials. A historical review documented past medical experimentation and other practices on blacks that were often brutal and unethical. These experiences may have served to fortify the legacy of African-American mistrust in the medical system and culminated in the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Four major barriers to participation in clinical trials were identified: lack of awareness about trials, economic factors, communication issues, and mistrust. These barriers, as well as others, can be surmounted with proper pretrial planning, patient education, genuine commitment and concern by study staff, and hard work to overcome deficiencies. PMID:8918067

Harris, Y.; Gorelick, P. B.; Samuels, P.; Bempong, I.

1996-01-01

471

Grass Roots: African Origins of an American Art  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Organized by the Museum for African Art, New York, and presented online by the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art, Grass Roots is a history of 300 years of African basket making, brought by African people to the American South. The grasses that grow in the marshes along the Atlantic coast in the Southern United States, where African slaves were brought to work on rice plantations, were ideal for making coiled baskets, similar to the ones they'd made in Africa. The plantation system of rice growing required large numbers of several particular shapes of work baskets, including flat trays for winnowing, or removing chaff from the grain, and carrying baskets. The web resource includes an 86-page teachers' guide with activities for students from grades 3 - 12, and additional images of the baskets.

472

Native America: American Indian Geoscientists & Earth System Science Leaders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are living in a definite time of change. Distinct changes are being experienced in our most sacred and natural environments. This is especially true on Native lands across the Americas. Native people have lived for millennia in distinct and unique ways. The knowledge of balancing the needs of people with the needs of our natural environments is paramount in all Tribal societies. These changes have accelerated the momentum to ensure the future of American Indian Geoscientists and Earth Systems Science Leaders. The presentation will bring to prominence the unique recruitment and mentoring necessary to achieve success that emerged through working with Tribal people. The presentation will highlight: 1) past and present philosophies on recruitment and mentoring of Native/Tribal students in geoscience and earth systems science; 2) current Native leadership and research development; 3) unique collaborations "bridging" Native people across geographic areas (International) in developing educational/research experiences which integrate the distinctive geoscience and earth systems science knowledge of Tribal peoples throughout the Americas. The presentation will highlight currently funded projects and initiatives as well as success stories of emerging Native geoscientists and earth systems science leaders.

Bolman, J. R.

2011-12-01

473

Low arterial compliance in young African-American males.  

PubMed

Hypertension remains a common public health challenge because of its prevalence and increase in co-morbid cardiovascular diseases. Black males have disproportionate pathophysiological consequences of hypertension compared with any other group in the United States. Alterations in arterial wall compliance and autonomic function often precede the onset of disease. Accordingly, our purpose was to investigate whether differences exist in arterial compliance and autonomic function between young, healthy African-American males without evidence of hypertension and age- and gender-matched non-African-American males. All procedures were carried out noninvasively following rest. Arterial compliance was calculated as the integrated area starting at the well-defined nadir of the incisura of the dicrotic notch to the end of diastole of the radial artery pulse wave. Power spectral analysis of heart rate and blood pressure variability provided distributions representative of parasympathetic and sympathetic modulations and sympathovagal balance. Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) was calculated using the sequence method. Thirty-two African-American and twenty-nine non-African-American males were comparable in anthropometrics and negative family history of hypertension. t-Tests revealed lower arterial compliance (5.8 +/- 2.4 vs. 8.6 +/- 4.0 mmHg. s; P = 0.0017), parasympathetic modulation (8.9 +/- 1.1 vs. 9.7 +/- 1.1 ln ms2; P = 0.0063), and BRS (13.7 +/- 7.3 vs. 21.1 +/- 8.5 ms/mmHg; P = 0.0007) and higher sympathovagal balance (2.9 +/- 3.2 vs. 1.5 +/- 1.1; P = 0.03) in the African-American group. In summary, differences exist in arterial compliance and autonomic balance in African-American males. These alterations may be antecedent markers of disease and valuable in the detection of degenerative cardiovascular processes in individuals at risk. PMID:12738618

Zion, Adrienne S; Bond, Vernon; Adams, Richard G; Williams, Deborah; Fullilove, Robert E; Sloan, Richard P; Bartels, Matthew N; Downey, John A; De Meersman, Ronald E

2003-08-01

474

African-American mitochondrial DNAs often match mtDNAs found in multiple African ethnic groups  

PubMed Central

Background Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotypes have become popular tools for tracing maternal ancestry, and several companies offer this service to the general public. Numerous studies have demonstrated that human mtDNA haplotypes can be used with confidence to identify the continent where the haplotype originated. Ideally, mtDNA haplotypes could also be used to identify a particular country or ethnic group from which the maternal ancestor emanated. However, the geographic distribution of mtDNA haplotypes is greatly influenced by the movement of both individuals and population groups. Consequently, common mtDNA haplotypes are shared among multiple ethnic groups. We have studied the distribution of mtDNA haplotypes among West African ethnic groups to determine how often mtDNA haplotypes can be used to reconnect Americans of African descent to a country or ethnic group of a maternal African ancestor. The nucleotide sequence of the mtDNA hypervariable segment I (HVS-I) usually provides sufficient information to assign a particular mtDNA to the proper haplogroup, and it contains most of the variation that is available to distinguish a particular mtDNA haplotype from closely related haplotypes. In this study, samples of general African-American and specific Gullah/Geechee HVS-I haplotypes were compared with two databases of HVS-I haplotypes from sub-Saharan Africa, and the incidence of perfect matches recorded for each sample. Results When two independent African-American samples were analyzed, more than half of the sampled HVS-I mtDNA haplotypes exactly matched common haplotypes that were shared among multiple African ethnic groups. Another 40% did not match any sequence in the database, and fewer than 10% were an exact match to a sequence from a single African ethnic group. Differences in the regional distribution of haplotypes were observed in the African database, and the African-American haplotypes were more likely to match haplotypes found in ethnic groups from West or West Central Africa than those found in eastern or southern Africa. Fewer than 14% of the African-American mtDNA sequences matched sequences from only West Africa or only West Central Africa. Conclusion Our database of sub-Saharan mtDNA sequences includes the most common haplotypes that are shared among ethnic groups from multiple regions of Africa. These common haplotypes have been found in half of all sub-Saharan Africans. More than 60% of the remaining haplotypes differ from the common haplotypes at a single nucleotide position in the HVS-I region, and they are likely to occur at varying frequencies within sub-Saharan Africa. However, the finding that 40% of the African-American mtDNAs analyzed had no match in the database indicates that only a small fraction of the total number of African haplotypes has been identified. In addition, the finding that fewer than 10% of African-American mtDNAs matched mtDNA sequences from a single African region suggests that few African Americans might be able to trace their mtDNA lineages to a particular region of Africa, and even fewer will be able to trace their mtDNA to a single ethnic group. However, no firm conclusions should be made until a much larger database is available. It is clear, however, that when identical mtDNA haplotypes are shared among many ethnic groups from different parts of Africa, it is impossible to determine which single ethnic group was the source of a particular maternal ancestor based on the mtDNA sequence. PMID:17038170

Ely, Bert; Wilson, Jamie Lee; Jackson, Fatimah; Jackson, Bruce A

2006-01-01

475

Missing Voices: African American School Psychologists' Perspectives on Increasing Professional Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the mid 1960s, there has been a noticeable decrease in the percentage of African American educators. Although a sizeable literature is dedicated to understanding how to recruit African American teachers, fewer studies focus on recruiting and retaining African American school psychologists. Therefore, this exploratory qualitative study…

Proctor, Sherrie L.; Truscott, Stephen D.

2013-01-01

476

Their Highest Potential: An African American School Community in the Segregated South.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of the public schooling of African Americans during legalized segregation has focused almost exclusively on the inferior education that African American students received. In the national memory, African Americans have been victims of Whites who questioned the utility of providing Blacks with anything more than a rudimentary education…

Walker, Vanessa Siddle

477

Taking Another Look at Educating African American Engineers: The Importance of Undergraduate Retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we identify the engineering schools that either gradu- ate large classes of African Americans or that retain relatively high percentages of African American students in engineering; point out that modest improvements in student retention would signifi- cantly affect the total number of bachelors degrees earned annually by African Americans in engineering; examine the measures im- plemented by

MONTY REICHERT; MARTHA ABSHER

478

A Phenomenological Study Exploring Shortages of African American Male Teachers in Public Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological research was designed to explore the lived experiences of African American male educators in a mid-Atlantic state through the lens of the phenomenon of shortage of African American male teachers. The overarching question guiding this study addressed the lived experiences of African American male educators in a mid-Atlantic…

Wimbush, Jason D.

2012-01-01

479

A Phenomenological Study: African-American Males in the Educational Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological research study explored the perceptions and lived experiences of African-American male teachers related to the underrepresentation of African-American males in the teaching profession. The study was guided by four research questions. The data was collected from 15 African-American male teachers at the elementary school level,…

Williams, Kristopher

2012-01-01

480

Perceptions of African American and Caucasian Partners in two-person work groups: Does Race Matter?  

E-print Network

128 Perceptions of African American and Caucasian Partners in two- person work groups: Does Race-person work groups. It was hypothesized that participants rating African American partners would be less to the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, African Americans made up approximately 8 percent

Omiecinski, Curtis

481

African American Young Adult Smoking Initiation: Identifying Intervention Points and Prevention Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans have one of the lowest smoking rates as teens yet have one of the highest smoking rates as adults. Approximately 40% of African Americans who have ever smoked started smoking between the ages of 18 and 21. Purpose: This study aimed to identify why African American young adults began smoking in young adulthood and what…

Cheney, Marshall K.; Mansker, Jacqueline

2014-01-01

482

Retaining African Americans in Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms for Retaining Students, Faculty and Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection discusses some of the issues surrounding the retention of African Americans in higher education, and it challenges traditional paradigms for retaining African American students, administrators, and faculty at predominantly White colleges. The chapters of part 1, "Retaining African-American Students," are: (1) "Creating an Affirming…

Jones, Lee, Ed.

483

Still Segregated, Still Unequal: Analyzing the Impact of No Child Left Behind on African American Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This article examines the impact of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) on educational experiences and opportunities for African American children. Despite NCLB, public schools have continued to fail African Americans through separate and unequal educational opportunities partially because the focus on educating African American children well has not been legislated or mandated. In focusing on measuring the outcomes of

Christopher Knaus

484

issues in African-American politics, culture, and art. In addition,studentsencounterseveralargumentsaboutthe  

E-print Network

the appropriate departmental listings: African-American Studies 295 Art History 310-African-American Art Seminar History 360-The History of the African-American People since 1877 History 375-European Imperialism in East CURATOR RYAN REGULAR ADJUNCT FACULTY BEAVERS, CAPPS MAJORS A major in art history leading to a Bachelor

Dresden, Gregory

485

Impact of College Environments on the Spiritual Development of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on the impact of college environments on the spiritual development of African American students. Using the Armstrong Measure of Spirituality (AMOS) survey administered to 125 African American college students, the study sought to ascertain whether or not there were differences in spirituality as reported by African American

Weddle-West, Karen; Hagan, Waldon Joseph; Norwood, Kristie M.

2013-01-01

486

Ethnicity as a Social Context for the Development of African-American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does anticipated future racial discrimination undermine African-American adolescents' academic motivation and performance? Do face-to-face experiences with racial discrimination at school undermine African-American adolescents' academic functioning? Does African-American ethnic identity buffer these relations? This paper addresses these questions…

Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Wong, Carol A.; Peck, Stephen C.

2006-01-01

487

Pedagogies of Experience: A Case of the African American Male Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous scholars have illustrated how African American teachers' past experiences provide them a philosophical vision committed to teaching for social and educational change for African American students. This article draws from this body of work by looking at the diverse ways five African American male teachers used their past experiences to…

Brown, Anthony L.

2011-01-01

488

Counseling African American Adolescents: The Impact of Race, Culture, and Middle Class Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial body of literature addresses the concerns of African American youngsters who experience social distress, academic difficulties, poverty, despair, and violence. This article focuses on issues of particular rel- evance to school counselors working with middle-class, African American youngsters whose lives may have lit- tle relationship to the above-mentioned stressors. The article begins with an overview of African American

Norma L. Day-Vines; James M. Patton

489

Persistent poverty among Africans Americans in the United States: the impact of public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the persistent poverty that exists among African Americans in the United States. It explains why African Americans in the United States are much more likely to live and\\/or remain in poverty than any other population group. This study is based on the premise that the governmental system has affected African Americans through the use of public policies.

Daphne M Cooper

2011-01-01

490

Stainable hepatic iron in 341 African American adults at coroner\\/medical examiner autopsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Results of previous autopsy studies indicate that increased hepatic iron stores or hepatic iron overload is common in African Americans dying in hospitals, but there are no reports of hepatic iron content in other cohorts of African Americans. METHODS: We investigated the prevalence of heavy liver iron deposition in African American adults. Using established histochemical criteria, we graded Perls'

James C Barton; Ronald T Acton; Asia K Richardson; Robert M Brissie

2005-01-01

491

HEALTH PROBLEMS AMONG AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN AGE 35-64 IN ALLEGHENY COUNTY  

E-print Network

percentage of African American adults and children are living in poverty in the County,2 one would expectHEALTH PROBLEMS AMONG AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN AGE 35-64 IN ALLEGHENY COUNTY A BLACK PAPER and economic status of African Americans in the County is among the worst in the United States1 and a high

Sibille, Etienne

492

Elder Abuse and Neglect in African American Families: Informing Practice Based on Ecological and Cultural Frameworks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the rapid growth of the elderly African American population in the U.S., elder abuse and neglect in African American families continue to be underdeveloped areas of study. This article presents an ecological and culturally informed framework for the study of elder abuse in African American populations. The model was developed based on Bronfenbrenner's Human Ecological Theory. The model identifies

Sheena R. Horsford; José Rubén Parra-Cardona; Lori A. Post; Larry Schiamberg

2010-01-01

493

Connecting Social Disorganization Theory to African-American Outcomes to Explain the Achievement Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African-American student achievement outcomes have been and continue to be a critical concern for education researchers. Much of the framing of African-American student outcomes centers on what is known as achievement gaps that exist between African-American and White students. Unfortunately, these gaps have remained roughly the same since the…

Madyun, Na'im H.

2011-01-01

494

Strategies to prevent HIV transmission among heterosexual African-American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: African-American women are disproportionately affected by HIV, accounting for 60% of all cases among women in the United States. Although their race is not a precursor for HIV, the socioeconomic and cultural disparities associated with being African American may increase their risk of infection. Prior research has shown that interventions designed to reduce HIV infection among African-American women must

E James Essien; Angela F Meshack; Ronald J Peters; GO Ogungbade; Nora I Osemene

2005-01-01

495

Rural African American Clergy: An Exploration of Their Attitudes and Knowledge of Alzheimer's Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural African American clergy's ability to recognize Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and their capacity to provide support to elders with this illness has been neglected in the literature. Using a mental health literacy framework, the purpose of this research was to explore rural African American clergy knowledge and beliefs of AD. In-depth interviews were conducted with 9 African American clergy who

Kim L. Stansbury; Gillian L. Marshall; Debra A. Harley; Nancy Nelson

2010-01-01

496

Bidirectional Linkages Between Psychological Symptoms and Sexual Activities Among African American Adolescent Girls in Psychiatric Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examines longitudinal associations between light and heavy sexual experiences and psychiatric symptoms in African American adolescent girls receiving mental health care. Research supports bidirectional associations between adolescent romantic and sexual behaviors and depression and other mental health problems, but this finding has not been examined among African American youth or in clinical samples. African American girls in

Lisa R. Starr; Geri R. Donenberg; Erin Emerson

2012-01-01

497

Our Students, Ourselves: Lessons of Challenge and Hope from the African American Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hope of many African Americans in education as the great equalizer is illustrated by a review of African American education in the United States. The challenge of the continuing struggle for equality and the failure of public schools to serve as a liberating force in African American lives are described. (SK)

Peterson, Elizabeth A.

1996-01-01

498

A National Dilemma: African American Students Underrepresented in Advanced Mathematics Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of access to educational opportunities has been a reality for African American students. As a result, America's schools are facing a national dilemma. African American students are significantly underrepresented in advanced mathematics courses. One of the most segregated places in American society is the mathematics classroom. African

Johnson, Clarence; Kritsonis, William Allan

2006-01-01

499

Lifting the Voices of High-Achieving, Middle-Class, African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of African American education is complex. Beginning in the 17th century, African Americans fought for an education that allowed them to read and write. During the 21st century, African Americans value on education extends beyond only reading and writing to using these skills and other skills to maintain strong academic and leadership…

Brown, Stacey Marvetta

2012-01-01

500

The Effects of Educational Tracking on the Social Mobility of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a review of historical relations and an analysis of the current status of African Americans to critically examine educational opportunity for African Americans in the United States. In particular, the role that educational tracking plays in the relation of employment and educational achievement in the African-American population is detailed.…

Kershaw, Terry

1992-01-01