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1

U.S. House approves historic settlement in case involving African American farmers and Native Americans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A small slice of justicehttp://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/11/28/AR2010112803915.htmlStatement from Agriculture Secretary Vilsack on Final Passage of the Claims Settlement Acthttp://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?contentidonly=true&contentid=2010/12/0627.xmlBlack farmers: justice delayedhttp://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2010/08/black_farmersPostcard from the first annual Black Farmers and Urban Gardeners Conferencehttp://www.grist.org/article/2010-11-30-notes-from-the-first-annual-black-farmers-and-urban-gardeners-coNational Black Farmers Associationhttp://www.blackfarmers.org/After years of wrangling, heated public discussion, and debate, the U.S. House of Representatives approved $4.6 billion to settle discrimination claims filed by African American farmers and Native Americans who had not received land-use royalties. The suit was quite complex, and the initial lawsuit was filed in 1997 by African American farmers who alleged that racial discrimination was a pervasive part of U.S. Department of Agriculture lending programs. In a separate action, a group of 300,000 Native Americans claimed that land royalties were withheld from them in a series of actions dating back to 1887. The approval of these funds had been held up for sometime, and the legislative roadblocks were removed when various lawmakers proposed to alleviate the entire cost of this settlement through spending cuts and generating new revenue elsewhere. Besides providing for different payments to individuals, the settlement will also finance construction of water systems that will serve Native American reservations in New Mexico, Montana, and Arizona.The first link will take readers to a piece from this Tuesday's Business Week about the recent settlement. The second link leads to an editorial from this Monday's Washington Post about the settlement. Moving on, the third link will take users to an official statement from Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack on the passage of the settlement act. The fourth link will take interested parties to a piece from The Economist which provides a bit more background on the suit filed by African American farmers. Visitors interested in another perspective on a related subject will enjoy the fifth link. Here they will find Natasha Bowens' commentary on the first annual Black Farmers and Urban Gardeners Conference in New York City, and it's a witty and insightful read. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the National Black Farmers Association.

Grinnell, Max

2010-12-03

2

Walking Patterns in a Sample of African American, Native American, and Caucasian Women: The Cross-Cultural Activity Participation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis describes walking patterns among African American, Native American, and Caucasian women from South Carolina and New Mexico. Walking was assessed using pedometer and physical activity (PA) record data based on 4 consecutive days on either three (Study Phase 1) or two (Study Phase 2) occasions. Participants walked 5,429 [plus or minus]…

Whitt, Melicia C.; DuBose, Katrina D.; Ainsworth, Barbara E.; Tudor-Locke, Catrine

2004-01-01

3

Cancer and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... life expectancy for both African American men and African American women. In 2009, African American men were 1.3 ... compared to non-Hispanic white men. In 2009, African American women were 10% less likely to have been diagnosed ...

4

African-derived mitochondria in South American native cattle breeds (Bos taurus): evidence of a new taurine mitochondrial lineage.  

PubMed

This article reports the nucleotide diversity within the control region of 42 mitochondrial chromosomes belonging to five South American native cattle breeds (Bos taurus). Analysis of these data in conjunction with B. taurus and B. indicus sequences from Africa, Europe, the Near East, India, and Japan allowed the recognition of eight new mitochondrial haplotypes and their relative positions in a phylogenetic network. The structure of genetic variation among different hypothetical groupings was tested through the molecular variance decomposition, which was best explained by haplotype group components. Haplotypes surveyed were classified as European-related and African-related. Unexpectedly, two haplotypes within the African cluster were more divergent from the African consensus than the latter from the European consensus. A neighbor-joining tree shows the position of two haplotypes compared to European/African mitochondrial lineage splitting. This different and putatively ancestral mitochondrial lineage (AA) is supported by the calibration of sequence divergence based on the Bos-Bison separation. The European/African mitochondria divergence might be subsequent (67,100 years before present) to that between AA and Africans (84,700 years before present), also preceding domestication times. These genetic data could reflect the haplotype distribution of Iberian cattle five centuries ago. PMID:12547920

Miretti, M M; Pereira, H A; Poli, M A; Contel, E P B; Ferro, J A

2002-01-01

5

Native American Stereotypes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You have been asked to write an opinion paper on the topic of naming sports teams' mascots after Native Americans. Use the following websites to find information to support your opinions. Why Dont Native Americans Like Sports Teams With Indian Mascots? Sports, Mascots, and Native Americans Native American Mascots: Racial Slur or Cherished Tradition To see another perspective on this topic, read the book Who Will Tell My Brother by Marlene Carvell. ...

Bates, Albion M.

2007-03-20

6

Legends of Native Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a theme unit that includes elementary-level, cross-curricular lessons about lifestyle, belief systems, traditions, and history of Native Americans. The unit includes a poster which offers a traditional Cherokee story, literature on Native American legends, and a variety of cross-curricular activities. The unit ends with students writing…

Flagg, Ann

1999-01-01

7

Historic Native Americans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the four historic Native American tribes and what are different things involved in their culture? Teacher will give you sheet and as you discover new facts about each historic Native American tribe, write down the type of food they ate and another fact about them on this sheet. Graphic First let's learn some background information ...

G, Miss

2011-10-27

8

Native American Powerpoint Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For this project students will research a Native American group that played an influential role in Alabama history. The students will then create a powerpoint describing the primary aspects of that group's heritage. Directions: 1. Choose any one of the Native American tribes we have been learning about in class. 2. Visit the following sites to learn more about the tribe that you have chosen: 1) Access Geneology 2) Native Languages ...

Albright, Miss

2009-07-09

9

Stroke and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... content can be found in the these categories: Content Index > Data/Statistics > Data by Health Topic > Stroke Content Index > Health Topics > Stroke > Stroke Data/Statistics Stroke and African Americans African American adults ...

10

Immunizations and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... content can be found in the these categories: Content Index > Data/Statistics > Data by Health Topic > Immunizations Content Index > Health Topics > Immunizations > Immunizations Data/Statistics Immunizations and African Americans African American adults ...

11

Native American Times  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Native American Times makes good on its promise to deliver "today's independent Indian news." The site has a clean design that includes ten sections covering topics like business, culture, education, sports, and powwows. The News area offers a nice digest of what's going on in several areas of interest to Native Americans, with topical headlines that include "Cherokee Art Market Announces Winners" and "Yakama Maintain Wild Horse Race Tradition." The site also includes a great jobs area for folks who might be looking for Native American-focused work in public policy, community development, technology, and other fields.

12

Native American Tribal Websites.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists Web sites maintained by 38 different Native American nations that deal with topics ranging from tribal history, news, arts and crafts, tourism, entertainment, and commerce. Represented nations include Apache, Blackfeet, Creek, Iroquois, Mohegan, and Sioux. (CMK)

Miller, Eric L.

1999-01-01

13

Native American Manuscript Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Oklahoma's Western History Collection, the Native American Manuscript Collections contain over 200 documents relating to Native Americans in Oklahoma, Indian Territory, and the southwestern United States. On the homepage, visitors can browse the manuscripts, which are listed by nation. The Creek Nation area is quite fascinating, as there are over 35 documents here including handwritten journals, trading company ledgers, and letters from farmers like James M. Latty and other Creeks. After this introduction, visitors can browse around through the works of other nations, including the Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw.

14

Guest Editorial: Where Are the Women of Color? Data on African American, Hispanic, and Native American Faculty in STEM  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In October of 2009, the Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science and Engineer (CEOSE) held a symposium on Women of Color in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; NSF-OAI). The symposium featured data pertaining to Asian, African Amer

Towns, Marcy H.

2010-03-04

15

Cutaneous diseases in Native Americans.  

PubMed

Native Americans have a rich and complex heritage and culture. Although the genetic pool has changed with increasing integration with other Americans with different ancestry, there are important conditions that are unique to Native Americans, the most prominent example being actinic prurigo. The scientific literature dealing with Native American skin conditions is sparse and more studies are needed to understand more fully cutaneous disease in Native Americans. PMID:14717410

Cornelison, Raymond L

2003-10-01

16

Mental Health and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... are Non-Hispanic Blacks. The death rate from suicide for African American men was almost four times ... for African American women, in 2009. However, the suicide rate for African Americans is 60% lower than ...

17

Native American Health  

MedlinePLUS

... racial or ethnic group has specific health concerns. Differences in the health of groups can result from: Genetics Environmental factors Access to care Cultural factors On this page, you'll find links to health issues that affect Native-Americans.

18

Native American Museums: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native Americans have opened some 250 museums and cultural centers in the last twenty years for several reasons: to re-possess their patrimony, memorize their culture and maintain their identity. Their museums are spaces of cultural and educational experience, replacing split families who no longer transmit traditional values orally. They safeguard oral testimonies of the old people (recordings) and the sacred

Gérard Selbach

19

Native American Youth Gangs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of Native American youth gangs has increased dramatically since the 1990s. These gangs bring increases in crime and pose unique challenges to tribal leaders and local police departments. Using an integrated theoretical perspective, this article connects cultural and historical factors to explain the emergence of gangs in Indian country, identify risk factors for gang involvement, and outline important

Matthew T. Theriot; Barbara “Sunshine” Parke

2008-01-01

20

Native Americans in Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity will help you learn about some of the early Native American inhabitants of Utah. Look at the following websites and see if you can find some information about one of the following groups of Native Americans in Utah. History of Utah Tribes Goshute Goshute Indians Utah History To Go: Goshute Indians Goshute Indian Reservation Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Navajo People of the Colorado Plateau: Navajo (Dine) History of the Navajo Indians of Utah Navajo Navajo Indians Paiute Paiute Indians of Utah Paiute Native American Desert Peoples: The Paiute People Paiute Indians of Utah Utah History To Go--Piaute Indians Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Shoshone Shoshone History of the Shoshone Indians Shoshoni Lewis and Clark: Native Americans--Shoshone Indians Ute Utah History To Go: Ute Indians People of the Colorado Plateau: The Ute Indians Story of the Ute Tribe Northern Ute Indian History Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes ...

Bates, Albion M.

2006-10-10

21

Native American Arts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The video shows a richly varied and vivid impression of the unique historic and esthetic values, images, and traditions that are being rigorously developed by Native Americans in virtually every art form today. It presents a human survey of the modern eff...

1994-01-01

22

Rebuilding Native American Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Wellbriety Movement in Native American communities draws on the wisdom and participation of traditional elders. Beginning with a basic community teaching called the Four Laws of Change and the Healing Forest Model, the Wellbriety Movement blends Medicine Wheel knowledge with the 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous to provide culture-specific…

Coyhis, Don; Simonelli, Richard

2005-01-01

23

Native American Attrition Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Albuquerque Technical-Vocational Institute (T-VI) is a post-secondary school offering full-time occupational training in 32 skill areas and a preparatory program for students inadequately prepared to enter a vocational major program. The institute enrolls a sizeable number of Native American students, but the attrition of these students is…

Moore, Carolyn

24

Educating African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Schools across America spend money, invest in programs, and sponsor workshops, offer teacher incentives, raise accountability standards, and even evoke the name of Obama in efforts to raise the academic achievement of African American males. Incarceration and college retention rates point to a dismal plight for many African American

Bell, Edward E.

2010-01-01

25

16 Extraordinary African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection for children tells the stories of 16 African Americans who helped make America what it is today. African Americans can take pride in the heritage of these contributors to society. Biographies are given for the following: (1) Sojourner Truth, preacher and abolitionist; (2) Frederick Douglass, abolitionist; (3) Harriet Tubman, leader…

Lobb, Nancy

26

Infant Mortality and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... African Americans, 2009. (Rates per 100,000 live births) Cause of Death (By rank) # African American Deaths African American Death Rate #Non- Hispanic White Deaths Non- Hispanic White Death Rate African American/ Non- Hispanic White Ratio (1) Low-Birthweight 1,734 284.5 1,629 73. ...

27

Diabetes in African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Moving towards prevention of Type 2 Diabetes This music CD helps African Americans incorporate more physical activity ... move more. Three songs from the popular Movimiento music CD also are included. This CD also contains ...

28

JSTOR: African American Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

JSTOR has available this title in its collection of full-text, online journals. African American Review, the quarterly publication of the Division on Black American Literature and Culture of the Modern Language Association, is published by Indiana State University, and includes Volumes 1-33, 1967-1999. AAR continues Black American Literature Forum (1976-1991) and Negro American Literature Forum (1967-1976). Note: access to JSTOR content is currently available only on a site license basis to academic institutions.

1999-01-01

29

African-Americans and Alzheimer's  

MedlinePLUS

... Share Plus on Google Plus African-Americans and Alzheimer's alz.org | IHaveAlz Introduction 10 Warning Signs Brain ... African-Americans are at a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease. Many Americans dismiss the warning signs of ...

30

Native American geometry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website focuses on Native American use of the physical, proportional geometry that originates from the simple circle. Aimed at 4th to 9th grade teachers, the site is divided into four sections: foundations, anthropology, designs, and education. It was selected by Britannica.com, February 2000, as a best Internet site. Other keywords: geometric shapes, geometric constructions, proportional geometry, proportional constants, polygons, hexagons, equilateral triangles, dodecagons, squares, octagons, connect the dot, art, square roots, irrational numbers, non-random geometry. (Includes about 25 relevant website links and 50 published references)

2007-12-12

31

Native American Adolescent Career Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career interests, efficacy expectations, and parental support were measured for 120 Native American and 134 Caucasian adolescents. Native Americans had greater interest in Realistic and Commercial occupations and those requiring high school diploma, trade school, or two-year postsecondary education. They were similar to Caucasians in range of…

Turner, Sherri L.; Lapan, Richard T.

2003-01-01

32

Native American Adult Reader II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reader, one of three designed to provide adults in basic education/GED programs with meaningful materials based on Native American cultures, includes selections appropriate for intermediate reading ability (grades 4-6). The twelve readings focus on culture, history, and contemporary concerns of Native Americans. Each selection includes a…

King, Lovern Root, Ed.

33

Native American Adult Reader III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reader, one of three designed to provide adults in basic education/GED programs with meaningful material based on Native American cultures, includes selections appropriate for advanced reading ability (grade 7 and above). The twelve readings focus on culture, history, and contemporary concerns of Native Americans. Each selection includes a…

King, Lovern Root, Ed.

34

Native American Foods and Cookery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Native Americans had a well-developed agriculture long before the arrival of the Europeans. Three staples--corn, beans, and squash--were supplemented with other gathered plants or cultivated crops such as white potatoes, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, and peanuts. Native Americans had no cows, pigs, or domesticated chickens; they depended almost…

Taylor, Tom; Potter, Eloise F.

35

Instructing African American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Closing the educational achievement gap has been a schooling issue since Brown v. Board of Topeka, Kansas decision. Generally, the learning achievement of elementary and secondary African-American student has been an issue in majority school populations across the United States. And evidence of performance of these students appears to be more…

Young, Clara Y.; Wright, James V.; Laster, Joseph

2005-01-01

36

78 FR 70956 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...Information Collection: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...funding though several programs to Native American and Alaskan Native...

2013-11-27

37

Native Americans as Sports Mascots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the controversy over whether sport teams should use Native American logos, mascots, or native symbols. Suggests that by implementing role-reversal techniques (putting the nonnative people in the same place) uncaring sports fans may recognize the disrespect involved; offers a hypothetical newspaper article that illustrates the…

Muir, Sharon Pray

1999-01-01

38

Native American Healing Practices and Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An experiential Native American healing practices course, co-taught by a Native American pastoral counselor and a counselor educator, was offered to graduate counseling students to help them better understand Native American worldviews. A student participant's reflections are included. Students attended Native American ceremonies and learned…

Rybak, Christopher J.; Eastin, Carol Lakota; Robbins, Irma

2004-01-01

39

The Problems with Native American Mascots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lays out the main arguments against the use of Native American mascots, including that mascots represent racist stereotypes of Native Americans; the stereotypes focus on the past and obscure the lives of contemporary Native Americans; mascots misrepresent, distort, and trivialize many aspects of Native American culture; and mascot stereotypes have…

Davis, Laurel R.

2002-01-01

40

North American Native Plant Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The North American Native Plant Society (NANPS) is dedicated "to the study, conservation, cultivation and restoration of native plants." The NANPS website lists plant sources by region, and invites native plant growers to submit a listing for no charge. The site provides information about upcoming events across Canada and the United States; scholarship opportunities; related associations by region; publications; membership; and more. NANPS also maintains a message board, and offers information about a number of native plants including Walking Fern, Bottlebrush Buckeye, Musclewood, Lilies, and Smaller Fringed Gentian. NANPS runs a Seed Exchange for members as well.

2007-08-28

41

Statistical Profile of Older African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... African American men and 61 percent of older African American women reported good, very good, or excellent health status. ... among those aged 85 or older. Similarly, among African American women, this rate declined from 65 percent at ages ...

42

Native Americans and the Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by anthropologist Dr. Alx V. Dark and sponsored by the Center for Conservation Biology at Rice University, this Website promotes the research and study of environmental issues facing Native American communities, particularly the politics of land and treaty rights. The site also explores the "values and historical experiences that Native Americans bring to bear on environmental issues." Native Americans and the Environment provides a bibliographic database, which covers topics such as environmental justice, natural resource utilization, land and treaty rights, and demography and migration. The database currently contains over 1,500 citations, and will be expanded to approximately 3,000 by the end of 1999. The site also includes an extensive directory of hundreds of annotated Internet resources organized by subject and geographic region. In addition, a case studies section is under development and will include environmental problems and their histories, current actions, or solutions; a list of related Internet resources; and a bibliography.

1999-01-01

43

Native Americans and Minority Access to the Health Professions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines trends in minority enrollments in health professions schools since the early 1970s, comparing the situation for Native American students to those of African Americans and Hispanics. Discusses enrollments, financial assistance for disadvantaged students, and recruitment of minority students in schools of medicine, dentistry, optometry,…

Watts, Thomas D.; Lecca, Pedro J.

1991-01-01

44

Heart Disease and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... in the these categories: Content Index > Data/Statistics > Data by Health Topic > Heart Disease Content Index > Health Topics > Heart Disease > Heart Disease and African Americans Although African American adults are 40 percent more likely to have high blood pressure, they are half as likely than ...

45

African-American Psychological Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the study was to define psychological health from the individual perspectives of African-American women and men of different age groups, and to develop a global definition for all African-Americans. The findings suggest that characteristics of psychological health may be the same across race, although specific interpretations and…

Edwards, Karen L.

1989-01-01

46

Native American Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents building traditions of the major Indian tribes in nine regions of the North American continent, from the huge, plankhouse villages of the Northwest Coast, to the moundbuilder towns and temples of the Southeast, to the Navajo hogans and adobe pueblos of the Southwest. Indian buildings are a central element of Indian culture, the…

Nabokov, Peter; Easton, Robert

47

NABS Program: (Native Americans in Biological Science).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the four-week summer program of the Native Americans in Biological Sciences Program that engages Native American eighth- and ninth-grade students in studying the problems related to the waste water treatment plant in Cushing, Oklahoma. (MDH)

Gettys, Nancy, Comp.

1994-01-01

48

Native American Health Education: Dr. Lindberg Recognized  

MedlinePLUS

... Tools NLM Director’s Comments Transcript Native American Health Education: Dr. Lindberg Recognized – 07/14/2014 To use ... Lindberg recently received a special recognition for fostering education about Native American health and illness at the ...

49

Diabetes in American Indians and Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

... June 2012 Page 1 of 2 Diabetes in American Indians and Alaska Natives Facts At-a-Glance In response to the diabetes epidemic in American Indian and Alaska Native people, Congress established the Special ...

50

Use of Native American Healers Among Native American Patients in an Urban Native American Health Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

o gain an understanding of the prevalence, utilization patterns, and practice implications of the use of Native American healers together with the use of physicians, we conducted semistructured interviews at an urban Indian Health Service clinic in Milwaukee, Wisc, of a convenience sample of 150 patients at least 18 years old. The mean age of patients was 40 years, and

Anne M. Marbella; Mickey C. Harris; Sabina Diehr; Gerald Ignace; Georgianna Ignace

1998-01-01

51

HIV among African American Youth  

MedlinePLUS

... of new infections among young black males and accounting for more new infections (4,800 in 2010) ... and family. Socioeconomic factors: The stark social and economic realities that exist in some African American communities ...

52

Diabetes in African American Youth  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To report the prevalence and incidence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among African American youth and to describe demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—Data from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study, a population-based, multicenter observational study of youth with clinically diagnosed diabetes aged 0–19 years, were used to estimate the prevalence for calendar year 2001 (692 cases) and incidence based on 748 African American case subjects diagnosed in 2002–2005. Characteristics of these youth were obtained during a research visit for 436 African American youth with type 1 diabetes and 212 African American youth with type 2 diabetes. RESULTS—Among African American youth aged 0–9 years, prevalence (per 1,000) of type 1 diabetes was 0.57 (95% CI 0.47–0.69) and for those aged 10–19 years 2.04 (1.85–2.26). Among African American youth aged 0–9 years, annual type 1 diabetes incidence (per 100,000) was 15.7 (13.7–17.9) and for those aged 10–19 years 15.7 (13.8–17.8). A1C was ?9.5% among 50% of youth with type 1 diabetes aged ?15 years. Across age-groups and sex, 44.7% of African American youth with type 1 diabetes were overweight or obese. Among African American youth aged 10–19 years, prevalence (per 1,000) of type 2 diabetes was 1.06 (0.93–1.22) and annual incidence (per 100,000) was 19.0 (16.9–21.3). About 60% of African American youth with type 2 diabetes had an annual household income of <$25,000. Among those aged ?15 years, 27.5% had an A1C ?9.5%, 22.5% had high blood pressure, and, across subgroups of age and sex, >90% were overweight or obese. CONCLUSIONS—Type 1 diabetes presents a serious burden among African American youth aged <10 years, and African American adolescents are impacted substantially by both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J.; Beyer, Jennifer; Bell, Ronny A.; Dabelea, Dana; D'Agostino, Ralph; Imperatore, Giuseppina; Lawrence, Jean M.; Liese, Angela D.; Liu, Lenna; Marcovina, Santica; Rodriguez, Beatriz

2009-01-01

53

Native American Children in Michigan. [Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Native American Children in Michigan," provides a historical context for the tenuous relationship between Michigan's 12 federally recognized tribes and the state government, paying particular attention to the erosion of Native American education programs and the disproportionate number of Native children who find themselves in both the child…

W. K. Kellogg Foundation, 2012

2012-01-01

54

Reconstructing Native American Population History  

PubMed Central

The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved1–5. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred via a single6–8 or multiple streams of migration from Siberia9–15. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly understood. To address these questions at higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups genotyped at 364,470 single nucleotide polymorphisms. We show that Native Americans descend from at least three streams of Asian gene flow. Most descend entirely from a single ancestral population that we call “First American”. However, speakers of Eskimo-Aleut languages from the Arctic inherit almost half their ancestry from a second stream of Asian gene flow, and the Na-Dene-speaking Chipewyan from Canada inherit roughly one-tenth of their ancestry from a third stream. We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. A major exception is in Chibchan-speakers on both sides of the Panama Isthmus, who have ancestry from both North and South America.

Reich, David; Patterson, Nick; Campbell, Desmond; Tandon, Arti; Mazieres, Stephane; Ray, Nicolas; Parra, Maria V.; Rojas, Winston; Duque, Constanza; Mesa, Natalia; Garcia, Luis F.; Triana, Omar; Blair, Silvia; Maestre, Amanda; Dib, Juan C.; Bravi, Claudio M.; Bailliet, Graciela; Corach, Daniel; Hunemeier, Tabita; Bortolini, Maria-Catira; Salzano, Francisco M.; Petzl-Erler, Maria Luiza; Acuna-Alonzo, Victor; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Tusie-Luna, Teresa; Riba, Laura; Rodriguez-Cruz, Maricela; Lopez-Alarcon, Mardia; Coral-Vazquez, Ramon; Canto-Cetina, Thelma; Silva-Zolezzi, Irma; Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos; Contreras, Alejandra V.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo; Gomez-Vazquez, Maria Jose; Molina, Julio; Carracedo, Angel; Salas, Antonio; Gallo, Carla; Poletti, Giovanni; Witonsky, David B.; Alkorta-Aranburu, Gorka; Sukernik, Rem I.; Osipova, Ludmila; Fedorova, Sardana; Vasquez, Rene; Villena, Mercedes; Moreau, Claudia; Barrantes, Ramiro; Pauls, David; Excoffier, Laurent; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rothhammer, Francisco; Dugoujon, Jean Michel; Larrouy, Georges; Klitz, William; Labuda, Damian; Kidd, Judith; Kidd, Kenneth; Rienzo, Anna Di; Freimer, Nelson B.; Price, Alkes L.; Ruiz-Linares, Andres

2013-01-01

55

Contrasting American and Native American Views of Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper constructs opposing views of leadership between what can be understood as mainstream American perspectives and those of selected Native Americans. American leadership values were deduced by examining selected aspects of the National Association of Secondary School Principals Assessment Center; selected Native American leadership values…

Bryant, Miles T.

56

Teaching the Native American. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much has been written about what is wrong with American Indian education, but too little emphasis has been placed on positive ideas for making education better and more relevant for Native American students. This book aims to fill that gap by providing teachers with practical information and suggestions for working with Native American students. A…

Gilliland, Hap

57

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

MedlinePLUS

... 2 percent of psychologists and 4 percent of social workers in the United States are African American. • African Americans tend to rely on family, religious and social communities for emotional support rather than turning to ...

58

Technical Consulting: The African-American Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The qualitative research study explored the organizational characteristics necessary in addressing the low concentration of African American technical consultants employed in the information technology industry. Using research participants' professional experience, participants responded to a developed questionnaire. African American technical…

Whitfield, Tracy N.

2010-01-01

59

Statistical Profile of Older African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... relatives, and 28 percent lived alone. For older African American women, 24 percent lived with their spouses, 35 percent ... 39 percent lived alone. The percentage of older African American women living alone (39 percent) is almost twice that ...

60

American Indian and Alaska Natives Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... in the two reservations studied. 9 Opportunities for Suicide Prevention Protective Factors The 1990 National American Indian Adolescent ... Indian Health Service, American Indian and Alaska Native Suicide Prevention Website http://www.ihs.gov/nonmedicalprograms/nspn/ National ...

61

African-American Attitudes Concerning African-American English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past 25 years, controversy has developed over the value and use of African-American (AA) English. This study examined the opinions of AAs from a variety of backgrounds and communities in California and Georgia to obtain their views on AA English; its place in the school, in the community, and in AA heritage; and its role in the futures of…

Carter, Linda Carol

62

Handbook of Native American Studies and Chronology of Native American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as "a practical guide to the development of Native American Studies programs, Native American Studies courses, and Indian-oriented higher education programs," this handbook places emphasis upon materials actually utilized in the development of Native American Studies at the University of California, Davis, and in the creation of…

Forbes, Jack D.; And Others

63

Native American History in a Box: A New Approach to Teaching Native American Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Native American History in a Box curriculum which is designed to introduce elementary and middle-level students to Native American cultures. The curriculum consists of a five day unit addressing the following concepts pertaining to Native American Nations: settlements, tools, sustenance, pottery, and contact with…

Helms, Emory C.; Hitt, Austin M.; Schipper, Jason A.; Jones, Adam M.

2010-01-01

64

Engaging African Americans in Smoking Cessation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans are disproportionately exposed to and targeted by prosmoking advertisements, particularly menthol cigarette ads. Though African Americans begin smoking later than whites, they are less likely to quit smoking than whites. Purpose: This study was designed to explore African American smoking cessation attitudes,…

Wallen, Jacqueline; Randolph, Suzanne; Carter-Pokras, Olivia; Feldman, Robert; Kanamori-Nishimura, Mariano

2014-01-01

65

The Education of African-Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 17 papers in this volume are products of a study group on the education of African Americans that was part of a national project, "The Assessment of the Status of African-Americans." The volume takes a comprehensive look at the education of African Americans, specifically early childhood through postsecondary education, and relevant public…

Willie, Charles V., Ed.; And Others

66

Freedom Road: Adult Education of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains six chapters by various authors about the history of African Americans' contributions and participation in adult education. The book reports on how some African American leaders saw the connection between education and the eventual freedom or uplift of the African American people. Following a foreword (Phyllis M. Cunningham) and…

Peterson, Elizabeth A., Ed.

67

Complex Syntax Production of African American Preschoolers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined changes in the complex syntax production of 85 African American preschoolers and the role of child (gender, age, African American English) and family (home environment) factors. Age, gender, and home environment effects were found for the amount of complex language used. African American English was not related to amount of…

Jackson, Sandra C.; Roberts, Joanne E.

2001-01-01

68

African Americans and Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

MedlinePLUS

... especially heavy toll on African Americans, particularly young African American women and men. For example, blacks represent just 14 ... in poverty. t Higher rates of incarceration among African American men have led to imbalanced ratios of men to women in black communities, which can help fuel the ...

69

Chronic Liver Disease and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... and IBD cancer than non-Hispanic White men. African American women are 1.4 times more likely to die ... Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women Cancer African American Women Non-Hispanic White Women African American/Non-Hispanic ...

70

Sentencing Native Americans in US Federal Courts: An Examination of Disparity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing sentencing literature largely focuses on the study of white, African-American, and to a lesser extent, Hispanic offenders. Unfortunately, very little is known about the sentencing of Native American offenders, especially in the federal courts. To address this shortcoming, the current study employs United States Sentencing Commission data for the fiscal years 2006-2008 to examine the comparative punishment of Native

Travis W. Franklin

2011-01-01

71

Training African-American residents in the 20th century.  

PubMed

Bellevue Hospital, the oldest public hospital in the United States and a lineal descendant of an infirmary for slaves, accepted its first African-American resident, Dr. Ubert Conrad Vincent, in 1918. This occurred at a time when many medical centers were not accepting African-American residents. At the end of WWII, one-third of the accredited medical schools still barred African Americans. However, Bellevue Hospital continued to train African-American residents. Between the 1920s and 1940s four African Americans matriculated at Bellevue Hospital. There were six in the 1950s, four in the 1960s, and 25 in the 1970s. By the 1980s, 40 African Americans matriculated, and between 1990 and 1995, 61 matriculated. Despite its historic first, Bellevue lagged slightly behind the national average. While the number of African-American residents occupying U.S. residency slots increased from 2.8% in 1978 to 6.5% in 1996, African Americans comprised 3.6% of residency slots at Bellevue between 1985-1995. Currently, only 7% of practicing physicians and 5% in faculty positions are latino, African-American, and Native American. Increasing the number of under-represented minority (URM) physicians is important to the United States, as URM physicians are more likely to serve the poor and uninsured, therefore improving the overall healthcare of the underprivileged. A study by the Association of American Medical Colleges indicated that minority medical school graduates were five times more likely to report that they planned to serve minority populations than other graduates. In their position paper, the American College of Physicians expressed the belief that increasing the number of URM physicians will help reduce healthcare disparities that can hurt minority populations and lead to poor health outcomes. The Supreme Court acknowledged the importance of racial diversity by upholding the University of Michigan affirmative action admissions policy in its June 2003 ruling. URM physicians are needed not only to serve minority populations but also to serve as mentors and role models for prospective and current students. The first African-American resident to graduate from the Bellevue Residency Program did indeed treat the underserved, as Dr. Vincent founded the Vincent Sanatorium, dedicated to treating African-American patients, and training African-American nurses and doctors. Over the course of the 20th century, Bellevue Hospital has trained increasing numbers of African-American physicians. It is hoped that, like their predecessor, Dr. Vincent, they will provide care to underserved communities and to the community as a whole, as well as serve as role models for generations to come. PMID:15040520

Green-McKenzie, Judith

2004-03-01

72

Perceptions of African American and European American Teachers on the Education of African American Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors interviewed 27 teachers (16 African American and 11 European American) on instructional factors contributing to overidentification of behavior problems in African American boys. Interviews focused on teachers' perspectives of effective teachers, teacher-student relationships, and communication styles. Analysis of the interviews showed…

Bacon, Ellen; Banks, Joy; Young, Kathryn; Jackson, Francesina R.

2007-01-01

73

Mapping the African American Past  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mapping the African American Past (MAAP) project, produced by a team of researchers and specialists at Columbia University, offers a marriage of African American history and geography in New York City. The project was funded by JPMorganChase, and it allows users to navigate through sites of importance to the African American community throughout the city's past. New visitors may wish to start by watching the short film, "Introduction to MAAP", and then move on over to the "Place in Focus" feature. Here they can learn about places like Five Points, the Abyssinian Baptist Church, and the home of David Ruggles. They can also use an interactive map to toggle through places associated with certain time periods, such as the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. Additionally, the site also contains lesson plans that address topics that include African American community and culture and "Building New York". The site is rounded out by a series of podcasts which cover all 52 locations featured on the MAAP website.

74

African American Women and Mentoring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mentoring experiences of African American women and the potential of mentoring for improving their circumstances are explored. To develop insight into mentoring, a brief pilot survey was designed using a definition of mentoring derived from the literature, specifically from the characteristics described by J. E. Blackwell. The 21-item…

Howard-Vital, Michelle R.; Morgan, Rosalind

75

Classic African American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to assert that there are classic African American children's books and to identify a sampling of them. The author presents multiple definitions of the term classic based on the responses of children's literature experts and relevant scholarship. Next, the manner in which data were collected and analyzed in regard to…

McNair, Jonda C.

2010-01-01

76

Suicide among African American Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents empirical contributions to the scholarship on African American suicide, particularly among men. Discusses the secular trends in suicide completion and method-specific suicide patterns; the prevalence of ideation and attempts; suicide-related risk factors; evidence-based recommendations for suicide prevention; the need for more effective…

Joe, Sean; Kaplan, Mark S.

2001-01-01

77

Nature Study Tips: Native American Foods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Native American foods, focusing on Native American cultivated crops, methods of cooking, and methods of preserving food. Includes suggestions for 19 classroom activities, including collecting wild plants used as food, gathering/drying and eating various wild plants and plant products (such as acorns and corn), and making a garden. (JN)

Russell, Helen Ross

1984-01-01

78

Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school and college teachers interested in offering units or courses on Native American literature have often had to carve out new teaching strategies because ready resources and guides are scarce. In "Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide," Bruce A. Goebel offers innovative and practical suggestions about how to introduce…

Goebel, Bruce A.

2004-01-01

79

Smoking during pregnancy among northwest Native Americans.  

PubMed Central

There is little available information on the smoking habits of Native Americans. The authors used data from the Washington State birth certificate to determine the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy among Native American mothers in Washington State. From 1984 through 1988, 39.8 percent of all Native Americans smoked during their pregnancy. Smoking patterns during pregnancy differed markedly between Native Americans and whites according to maternal age and marital status. The smoking prevalence in Native Americans, adjusted for maternal age and marital status, was 1.3 times higher than that found in Washington State white women. This is the first analysis of statewide smoking rates during pregnancy among Native Americans. The birth certificate can serve as a readily accessible and low cost surveillance system for populations such as Native Americans, who are otherwise difficult to study. Smoking intervention programs need to be targeted at Native Americans, and how their smoking patterns differ from those of the general population needs to be recognized.

Davis, R L; Helgerson, S D; Waller, P

1992-01-01

80

National Native American Breast Cancer Survivor's Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Native American Breast Cancer Survivors' Support Network (DAMDl7- 99- 1-9310) is a three year-project supported by the Department of Defense. This project is being conducted by Native American Cancer Research in collaboration and partnership with the ...

L. Burhansstipanov

2000-01-01

81

National Native American Breast Cancer Survivor's Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Native American Breast Cancer Survivors' Support Network (DAMD17- 99-1-9310) is a three year-project supported by the Department of Defense. This project is being conducted by Native American Cancer Research in collaboration and partnership with the N...

L. Burhansstipanov

2002-01-01

82

National Native American Breast Cancer Survivor's Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Native American Breast Cancer Survivors' Support Network (DAMDl7- 99-1-931O) is a three year-project supported by the Department of Defense. This project is being conducted by Native American Cancer Research in collaboration and partnership with the N...

L. Burhansstipanov

2003-01-01

83

Stennis Space Center celebrates Native American culture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Famie Willis (left), 2009-2010 Choctaw Indian Princess, displays artifacts during Native American Heritage Month activities at Stennis Space Center on Nov. 24. The celebration featured various Native American cultural displays for Stennis employees to view. Shown above are (l to r): Willis, Elaine Couchman of NASA Shared Services Center, John Cecconi of NSSC and Lakeisha Robertson of the Environmental Protection Agency.

2009-01-01

84

The Native American Fish & Wildlife Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Native American Fish & Wildlife Society helps over 200 tribes and Alaska Native villages implement best management practices, informs them about wildlife issues, provides hazardous materials training, trains game wardens, and conducts a summer practicum for Native youth on environmental issues and careers in natural resource fields.…

Walsh, Patricia

2002-01-01

85

Our Native Ways: The Voices of Native American Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To celebrate the "Decade of the Indigenous Peoples," this issue of a nonprofit children's magazine includes art and writings by Native American youth who share their ways of looking at and living life. Emphasizes the distinct customs, traditions, languages, and folklore of the different Native Nations and Tribes. (LZ)

Toke, Arun Narayan, Ed.; And Others

1994-01-01

86

CNP Project: Regional Native American Community Networks Program  

Cancer.gov

CNP Project: Regional Native American Community Networks Program  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research CNP Project Listing Regional Native American Community Networks Program CNP Pilot Projects Regional Native American Community Networks Program PRINCIPAL

87

20 CFR 632.11 - Designation of Native American grantees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Designation of Native American grantees. 632.11 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.11...

2009-04-01

88

76 FR 68623 - National Native American Heritage Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of November 1, 2011 National Native American Heritage Month, 2011 By the...country's heritage. During National Native American Heritage Month, we commemorate...addressing problems that have burdened Native American communities for too long....

2011-11-04

89

Gallstones in American Indian/Alaska Native Women  

MedlinePLUS

... Asian-Americans Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders American Indians/Alaska Natives Immigrant and migrant issues Taking care ... Enter email address Submit Home > Minority Women's Health > American Indians/Alaska Natives Minority Women's Health Gallstones Health conditions ...

90

20 CFR 632.11 - Designation of Native American grantees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Designation of Native American grantees. 632.11 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.11...

2010-04-01

91

Statistical Profile of Older American Indian and Native Alaskans  

MedlinePLUS

... older. Consistent with A Statistical Profile of Older American Indian and Native Alaskans the targeting requirements of the ... were American Indian and Alaska Native. NUMBER OF AMERICAN INDIAN AND ALASKA NATIVES AGE 65 AND OVER, BY ...

92

African Americans and Smoking  

MedlinePLUS

... 2010 A A A Share Print State of Tobacco Control 2014 Bring the Fight for Air to your smartphone. Top Stories More about Smoking Cessation My First Cigarette, and My Last May 30, 2014 CVS Ends Tobacco Sales February 21, 2014 » More American Lung ...

93

Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A cooperative effort from the University of Oklahoma Law Center, the National Indian Law Library (NILL), and Native American tribes, this site offers access to the full texts of selected legal documents. Among these are Constitutions, Tribal Codes, Charters, Indian Land Titles, and summaries of recent US Supreme Court cases that have involved or affected Native Americans. At present, the Project provides only about 30 documents total, but scholars and users with an interest in Native American legal issues will want to monitor the site.

94

African American Alumni Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Digital Collections has tackled everything from Golda Meir to historic street maps in its quest to offer a diverse and wonderful view of the city's rich history. This particular collection brings together a clutch of oral histories that celebrate the African American experience at the institution. Visitors can look over a panel discussion with a range of recent alums titled, "African American Alumni and Students: Stories of Education and Success." Moving on, visitors can hear Clayborn Benson talk about his long career as a photojournalist or watch and listen to G. Spencer Coggs, who has been a prominent member of the Democratic Political Party in Wisconsin for many years. This is quite a trove of first-hand memories and a great tribute to the cityâÂÂs oral traditions.

95

A College Program for Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a successful program designed by Central Oregon Community College in cooperation with the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs to service Native Americans who live 60 miles from campus and have a culture and language of their own. (DC)

Schultz, Raymond E.; Azure, Pete

1977-01-01

96

Wild Plants Used by the Native Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes 10 wild plants used by Native Americans. They include: rose hips; the common milkweed; cattails; elderberries; cactus fruits; lamb's quarters pigweeds (Chenopodium sp.); persimmons; mints (Monardo sp.); the yucca; and the hawthorn. Illustrations of each plant are included. (JN)

Nature Study, 1984

1984-01-01

97

Cultural Expressions of the African American Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interpretations of the differences between the African American child and the Caucasian child in North America follow two major trends. In one the differences in the African American child are viewed as deviance from the Euro-American norm and therefore inferior or pathological. In the other, the differences are viewed as deviant but adaptive…

Akbar, Na'im

98

In Quest of African American Political Woman  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American women, political activists for their entire history on the American continent but long denied the right to vote and hold office, have resorted to nontraditional politics. This article explores the nature and extent of African American women's political participation, beginning with the slave era. As victims of racial and sexual discrimination, these women have been active in the

Jewel L. Prestage

1991-01-01

99

The State of Native American Youth Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1988 and 1990, nearly 14,000 American Indian and Alaska Native adolescents living in rural areas and on reservations participated in the Adolescent Health Survey of health and risk behaviors. Although the findings may not be representative of Native adolescents, as a convenience sample was used, some findings of the survey were: (1) less…

Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Div. of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health.

100

Some African American Males' Perspectives on the Black Woman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents views of Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Malcolm X, and James Hal Cone (African-American male leaders) toward African-American women in the United States. Discusses the role of African-American men in addressing and eradicating sexism in African-American churches and the African-American community. (SLD)

Burrow, Rufus, Jr.

1992-01-01

101

Coming of Age: African American Male Rites-of-Passage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided of issues confronting the African American male, along with a strategy to nurture a new generation of African American males. Chapters 1 and 2 focus on the social status and new demographics of the African American male and the external threats that are devastating to the African American male and the African American

Hill, Paul, Jr.

102

Suicidal Behaviors in the African American Community  

PubMed Central

This article reviews the risk and protective factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors in the African American community. The authors provide a brief review of the history of suicide research in African American communities and critique some of the paradigms and underlying assumptions that have made it difficult to address the problem of suicidal behaviors in the African American community. The article also summarizes the articles that are presented in this special edition of the Journal of Black Psychology on suicidality in the African American community.

Crosby, Alex; Molock, Sherry Davis

2006-01-01

103

Gifted Native American Students: Underperforming, Under-Identified, and Overlooked  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been limited focus among researchers on the nature and needs of gifted Native American students in the past 30 years, and the work that has been done frequently generalizes findings across Native American cultures. This article reviews recent literature on Native American youth and on gifted Native American students; examines the current…

Gentry, Marcia; Fugate, C. Matthew

2012-01-01

104

Roots of Contemporary Native American Activism. Commentary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the foundations and development of Native American activism, 1950s-90s. Discusses relocation of reservation American Indians to urban areas in the 1950s without promised aid or vocational training, changing aspirations of Indian veterans and college students, lessons of the civil rights movement, occupations of Alcatraz Island and Wounded…

Johnson, Troy R.

1996-01-01

105

Two Native American Near-Death Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses two tales of near-death experiences from the Chippewas in Michigan during the 1820s with reference to local origin, influence of White American culture, and universality. One tale has autoscopic, specifically Native American elements while the other contains elements of the transcendental type. (Author/NRB)

Schorer, C. E.

1986-01-01

106

Native American Perceptions of the Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of Native American environmental values, cosmology, and philosophical and spiritual ties with the land and animals. Rebuts recent claims that American Indians did not have a conservation ethic and recent attacks on the authenticity of Chief Seattle's famous orations. Contains 18 references. (SV)

Cornell, George

1990-01-01

107

76 FR 46832 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Assessment of Native American...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection to OMB; Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native, and Native...information describing the needs of the Native American, Alaska Native, and Native...prior to the passage of the Native American Housing Assistance and...

2011-08-03

108

The Center for Native American Youth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Aspen Institute, the Center for Native American Youth is "dedicated to improving the health, safety and overall well-being of Native American youth through communication, policy development and advocacy. The Center was founded by former US Senator Byron Dorgan to communicate with and assist tribes with the challenges Native youth face today. On the homepage, visitors can make their way through seven areas, including Our Work, Resources, Champions for Change, and Media Gallery. In the Resources area visitors can learn about the Be Excited About Reading (BEAR) Project, national help hotlines, and jobs and internships with the Center's key partners around the country. The Media Gallery contains public service announcements, their YouTube channel, and newsletters dating back to June 2011. A highlight of this resource is the Listening to Youth section, which offers direct testimony from young Native Americans about what's important to them.

109

Administration for Native Americans: Children & Families  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Administration for Native Americans (ANA) works to promote "self-sufficiency for Native Americans by providing discretionary grant funding for community based projects and training and technical assistance to eligible tribes and native organizations." Operated as an office within the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, the ANA provides high-quality information on its grants, training programs, and resources. First-time visitors might do well to check out the Featured Resource, which takes a look at various outreach efforts, such as the Native American Veterans "Storytelling for Healing" program. In the ANA Quick Fact area, visitors can learn about the accomplishments of the ANA in recent months and years. Also, the Resources area includes guides, videos, fact sheets, reports, and webinars organized by topic, such as best practices, economic development, project management, and tribal governance.

110

Native Education 101: Basic Facts about American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains information about education of indigenous American peoples, including: (1) Demographics; (2) Reservations and Native Lands Map; (3) Important Community Issues and Concepts; (4) Educational Issues for Native Students; (5) Type of Schools for Native Students; (6) Indian Education Legislation and Executive Orders; (7)…

National Indian Education Association, 2008

2008-01-01

111

Environmental health and African Americans.  

PubMed Central

As environmental health has taken on immensely increased significance in the prevention of disease, dysfunction, and premature death, its boundaries have been anything but stable. This instability, along with a multitude of demographic, social, and economic currents, have brought into stark relief the increasing demand for scientists who have the skills and knowledge to perform environmental risk assessment and implement effective risk management policies and services. Despite this demand far too few African Americans want, or are prepared, to pursue careers in sciences. This paper describes efforts to address this problem and suggests why such initiatives may not yield the desired results.

Walker, B

1991-01-01

112

National African American Photographic Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This glorious collection is a collaborative effort between the University Libraries, University of Memphis and Ampro Industries, Inc. of Memphis. The project's goal is "to collect, scan, and make available to the public photographs and informative metadata illustrating the daily and work lives and social activities of African Americans." Currently the project has over 450 items that are searchable by name or available for browsing. First-time visitors may want to start by looking at the Robert R. Church Family of Memphis slideshow. This visual vignette features studio portraits of the Church family and images taken in a variety of settings. [KMG

113

The Changing Dimension of Native American Health: A Critical Understanding of Contemporary Native American Health Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the medical history of Native Americans since European contact. Provides background for this issue's articles concerning Native Americans and acquired immune deficiency syndrome, diabetes, substance abuse, disabilities, health problems of infants and the elderly, urban health care, and the influence of world view on health. Contains 50…

Campbell, Gregory R.

1989-01-01

114

SNPs and Haplotypes in Native American Populations  

PubMed Central

Autosomal DNA polymorphisms can provide new information and understanding of both the origins of and relationships among modern Native American populations. At the same time that autosomal markers can be highly informative, they are also susceptible to ascertainment biases in the selection of the markers to use. Identifying markers that can be used for ancestry inference among Native American populations can be considered separate from identifying markers to further the quest for history. In the current study we are using data on nine Native American populations to compare the results based on a large haplotype-based dataset with relatively small independent sets of SNPs. We are interested in what types of limited datasets an individual laboratory might be able to collect are best for addressing two different questions of interest. First, how well can we differentiate the Native American populations and/or infer ancestry by assigning an individual to her population(s) of origin? Second, how well can we infer the historical/evolutionary relationships among Native American populations and their Eurasian origins. We conclude that only a large comprehensive dataset involving multiple autosomal markers on multiple populations will be able to answer both questions; different small sets of markers are able to answer only one or the other of these questions. Using our largest dataset we see a general increasing distance from Old World populations from North to South in the New World except for an unexplained close relationship between our Maya and Quechua samples.

Kidd, Judith R.; Friedlaender, Francoise; Pakstis, Andrew J.; Furtado, Manohar; Fang, Rixun; Wang, Xudong; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Kidd, Kenneth K.

2013-01-01

115

AIDS among African Americans: A Social Epidemic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the history of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the United States. Surveillance data are given for several groups of African Americans, including women and men who have sex with men. AIDS cumulative incidence among African Americans in the next several years is projected. (SLD)

Jenkins, Bill; And Others

1993-01-01

116

African Americans and the Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly outlines the ways race and technology shaped: (1) the early enslavement of African Americans; (2) the work of bondsmen and women during the antebellum era; and (3) the increasing urbanization of the African American population during the industrial age. (CMK)

Trotter, Joe William, Jr.

2000-01-01

117

African-American Literature for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of African-American literature for young people. Describes the setbacks resulting from cutbacks of federal funds for schools and libraries, as publishers cut back on materials they did not consider marketable. Suggests bibliographic resources for discovering works for children by or about African Americans. (DK)

Drew, Margaret A.

1992-01-01

118

Improving African American Achievement in Geometry Honors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study evaluated the significance of implementing an enrichment mathematics course during the summer to rising African American ninth graders entitled, "Geometry Honors Preview." In the past, 60 to 70 percent of African American students in this school district had withdrawn from Geometry Honors by the second academic quarter. This study…

Mims, Adrian B.

2010-01-01

119

The African American Woman. Runta (Truth).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The African American woman has commanded widespread public attention, but popular misconceptions of her socioeconomic role and status differ sharply from her actual situation. The following basic characteristics of the contemporary African American woman, drawn from census figures, are outlined: (1) demographically, females comprise a majority of…

Jackson, Monica L.; Watson, Betty Collier, Ed.

1989-01-01

120

African Americans in the Early Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses five topics on African Americans that are essential to studying United States History in the years between 1760 and 1830: (1) African Americans in the Revolutionary War ; (2) the rise of free black communities; (3) early abolitionism; (4) the spread of slavery; and (5) black resistance to slavery. (CMK)

Nash, Gary B.

2000-01-01

121

Transcript African Americans and Lung Cancer  

Cancer.gov

Transcript African Americans and Lung Cancer Hello. I’m Dr. Christopher Lathan of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Of all ethnic/racial and gender groups in the United States, African American men are the most likely to develop lung cancer and also to die

122

Counseling Preferences of African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American women hold the greatest need for mental health services among ethnic groups but receive effective counseling least often. This study investigated their preferences of counseling services. Results revealed that the type of service delivery might not be as salient to African American women as counselor-client racial similarity.

Smith, Jacqueline R.; Wermeling, Linda

2007-01-01

123

Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

2009-01-01

124

A Critical Care Collection for African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines health concerns affecting African Americans, and presents an annotated bibliography of 22 resources written for African Americans and arranged under the subheadings of general information, statistical data, keeping healthy, AIDS, social issues, community involvement, reference sources, periodicals, and databases. (LRW)

Hamberg, Cheryl

1995-01-01

125

Native Americans in Public Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Family Spirit Project provides health and parenting education and in-home support to Navajo and Apache teen parents. The public-health careers of Native professionals allied with the project are described, including a public health administrator, a trainer of field workers, and a medical researcher specializing in communicable diseases that…

Westberg, Jane

2003-01-01

126

American Indian & Alaska Native Populations  

MedlinePLUS

... Mental Health) Home Page Tribal Affairs Culture Card Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General US Department of Education Tribal Colleges and Universities US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) American Indian Environmental ...

127

Misconceptions of Depression in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Major depression is a very common disabling disorder. Although the relationship between race and depression is complex, depression affects all races, all ethnic and geographic locations as well as all age groups. The prevalence of depression in African Americans is controversial, due to the paucity of research. The deficit in the knowledge and skills in treating depression in African Americans have not been adequately addressed so far. Inadequate and insufficient data on African Americans contributes to the problems of under diagnoses, misdiagnosis, and under treatment of depression. This article will highlight the existing problem of depression in Afro American with a focus on diagnostic and treatment issues.

Sohail, Zohaib; Bailey, Rahn Kennedy; Richie, William D.

2014-01-01

128

Help-Seeking Experiences and Attitudes among African American, Asian American, and European American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined African American, Asian American, and European American college students' previous direct and indirect experiences of seeking professional psychological services and related attitudes. Survey data were collected from 254 European American, 182 African American and 82 Asian American college students. Results revealed that fewer…

Masuda, Akihiko; Anderson, Page L.; Twohig, Michael P.; Feinstein, Amanda B.; Chou, Ying-Yi; Wendell, Johanna W.; Stormo, Analia R.

2009-01-01

129

The resilience of Native American elders.  

PubMed

This article focuses on the lived experiences of resilience in eight Native American elders. Although resilience has not been conceptualized among this group, findings revealed five unique attributes. The study design fostered the culturally relevant use of story telling, which allowed the authentic voices of the elders to be heard. Resilience exists among these Native American elders, but it is uniquely enmeshed into the seamless fabric of their culture, world-view, and connectedness expressed as Oneness with all creation. This finding of a unified cosmology suggests an extension to Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory to include the cosmosystem as a new systemic level. PMID:19657871

Grandbois, Donna M; Sanders, Gregory F

2009-09-01

130

Native American Authors: An IPL bibliographic project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by five graduate students at the University of Michigan, this bibliographic site covers approximately 400 Native American authors, 700 books and 200 URLs. The collected information may be accessed by browsing author name, book title, or tribe. Author pages list tribe and works, and most have links to web pages that focus on the author. Each tribe also has a page with links, and each book has a page with bibliographic data. This is not a site with content about particular authors; rather, it offers an annotated bibliography of print and web sources that will help anyone interested in learning more about Native American authors.

131

Vitamin D and African Americans.  

PubMed

Vitamin D insufficiency is more prevalent among African Americans (blacks) than other Americans and, in North America, most young, healthy blacks do not achieve optimal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations at any time of year. This is primarily due to the fact that pigmentation reduces vitamin D production in the skin. Also, from about puberty and onward, median vitamin D intakes of American blacks are below recommended intakes in every age group, with or without the inclusion of vitamin D from supplements. Despite their low 25(OH)D levels, blacks have lower rates of osteoporotic fractures. This may result in part from bone-protective adaptations that include an intestinal resistance to the actions of 1,25(OH)2D and a skeletal resistance to the actions of parathyroid hormone (PTH). However, these mechanisms may not fully mitigate the harmful skeletal effects of low 25(OH)D and elevated PTH in blacks, at least among older individuals. Furthermore, it is becoming increasingly apparent that vitamin D protects against other chronic conditions, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and some cancers, all of which are as prevalent or more prevalent among blacks than whites. Clinicians and educators should be encouraged to promote improved vitamin D status among blacks (and others) because of the low risk and low cost of vitamin D supplementation and its potentially broad health benefits. PMID:16549493

Harris, Susan S

2006-04-01

132

African Ancestry Is Associated with Asthma Risk in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Background Asthma is a common complex condition with clear racial and ethnic differences in both prevalence and severity. Asthma consultation rates, mortality, and severe symptoms are greatly increased in African descent populations of developed countries. African ancestry has been associated with asthma, total serum IgE and lower pulmonary function in African-admixed populations. To replicate previous findings, here we aimed to examine whether African ancestry was associated with asthma susceptibility in African Americans. In addition, we examined for the first time whether African ancestry was associated with asthma exacerbations. Methodology/Principal Findings After filtering for self-reported ancestry and genotype data quality, samples from 1,117 self-reported African-American individuals from New York and Baltimore (394 cases, 481 controls), and Chicago (321 cases followed for asthma exacerbations) were analyzed. Genetic ancestry was estimated based on ancestry informative markers (AIMs) selected for being highly divergent among European and West African populations (95 AIMs for New York and Baltimore, and 66 independent AIMs for Chicago). Among case-control samples, the mean African ancestry was significantly higher in asthmatics than in non-asthmatics (82.0±14.0% vs. 77.8±18.1%, mean difference 4.2% [95% confidence interval (CI):2.0–6.4], p<0.0001). This association remained significant after adjusting for potential confounders (odds ratio: 4.55, 95% CI: 1.69–12.29, p?=?0.003). African ancestry failed to show an association with asthma exacerbations (p?=?0.965) using a model based on longitudinal data of the number of exacerbations followed over 1.5 years. Conclusions/Significance These data replicate previous findings indicating that African ancestry constitutes a risk factor for asthma and suggest that elevated asthma rates in African Americans can be partially attributed to African genetic ancestry.

Pino-Yanes, Maria; Wade, Michael S.; Perez-Mendez, Lina; Kittles, Rick A.; Wang, Deli; Papaiahgari, Srinivas; Ford, Jean G.; Kumar, Rajesh; Garcia, Joe G. N.

2012-01-01

133

Growing Up Native American. An Anthology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology contains 22 essays and fictional writings about childhood by well-known Native American writers of the United States and Canada, from the 19th century to the 1990s. Selections include short stories, excerpts from novels, autobiographical sketches, and essays about the relationship between language and culture, family relationships,…

Riley, Patricia, Ed.

134

Plains Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the tribes of the plains culture area, extending from the Rocky Mountains to the Mississippi River and from Texas to Canada. Written in simple language, the booklet begins with a brief description of the region--its extreme climate and the…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

135

State Legislation Relating to Native Americans, 1991.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes legislative activities in states that enacted bills and resolutions relating to Native Americans in 1991. Conflicts between states and the Indian tribes within their borders were the subject of significant legislation in 1991. In all, 220 bills and resolutions were introduced in state legislatures; 77 passed and 20 are still…

Reed, James B.

1991-01-01

136

Technology Leadership in Native American Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals of schools serving Native American students have a unique role as technology leaders. They must be cognizant of technological demands, government mandates, as well as unique societal and cultural needs. In this study, the researchers conducted interviews with nine principals in federally-funded, Bureau of Indian Education schools that…

Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott

2011-01-01

137

Learning Science by Studying Native American Pottery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principles of science and art are found in all phases of daily life. This book helps teachers and students in grades 7 and 8 discover specific scientific information as they experience "making pottery" using Native American pottery techniques. Lessons are built upon discover techniques--observation followed by conclusion--and begin with hands-on…

Zastrow, Leona M.

138

Educating Native American (Indians): Better Programs Needed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intention of this paper was to inform readers about educating Native Americans and what could be done to better meet the Indians' needs. To present this, the paper covered the history of Indian education, the present, and the future. Indians were initially educated to force them to change, assimilate, and become acculturized, rather than to…

Steele, Dorrance D.

139

Self-Development for Native American Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional package consists of activity guides, materials, and background information on selected areas pertinent to the self-development of a native American Indian participant group. Covered in its six units are the following topics: self-image and success (motivation and success, personal discovery, tools and assessment instruments,…

Nevo, Dana; Wiese, Dorene

140

Desert Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the history and culture of the Navajo, Pueblo, and other Indian tribes of the southwest desert. Written in simple language, the booklet provides background information, activities, legends, and illustrations. Topics include the climate of the…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

141

Native American Rights Fund: 1982 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1982 annual report of the Native American Rights Fund (NARF), a non-profit organization specializing in the protection of Indian rights, explains the organization, its structure, its priorities, its activities, and its financial status. Opening statements by the chairman, Roger Jim, and the executive director, John Echohawk, note that despite…

Native American Rights Fund, Boulder, CO.

142

Woodland Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the tribes of the woodland culture area, extending from the Mississippi River to the Atlantic Ocean and from Florida to the Great Lakes. Written in simple language, the booklet provides an overview of the regional culture, as well as,…

Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

143

Stylized Figures: Inspired by Native American Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching elementary-level art in the Pacific Northwest makes it natural for the author to develop a lesson based on Native American art of the area. The designs of the Northwest Indians can sometimes be a bit too sophisticated for the students to grasp, however, and it can be frustrating when developing such a project. Over a Labor Day weekend,…

Jensen, Susie B.

2013-01-01

144

Native American Languages as Heritage Mother Tongues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines current efforts to revitalise, stabilise, and maintain Indigenous languages in the USA. Most Native American languages are no longer acquired as a first language by children. They are nonetheless languages of identity and heritage, and in this sense can and should be considered mother tongues. The article begins with a discussion of the concept of heritage mother

Teresa L. McCarty

2008-01-01

145

Traditional African Informal Instructional Paradigm in African and African-American Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates the use of African storytelling for informal teaching of African traditions and values in today's African-American community. The instruction is shown in content and context in three literary works: "An African Night's Entertainment,""The Passport of Mallam Ilia," and "The Secret of Gumbo Grove." (MMU)

Osa, Osayimwense

1997-01-01

146

Discussing cancer: communication with african americans.  

PubMed

Regular screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) facilitates earlier detection, lowers mortality, and may reduce incidence through detection and removal of pre-cancerous polyps. Optimizing health professional delivery of CRC screening information and recommendations can assist in reducing CRC disparity in the African-American community. This article presents qualitative data on African Americans' attitudes about health professional CRC communications based on the analysis of focus groups (N = 79). Using a social-ecological framework, colorectal cancer and professional communication themes are examined to offer four general and nine cancer-specific theoretically based and culturally appropriate strategies for improving health professional cancer communication with African Americans. PMID:25050658

Caito, Nikki; Hood, Sula; Thompson, Vetta L Sanders

2014-07-01

147

Science Enrichment for African-American Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The author administered a survey to African-American students enrolled in elective science classes in four public high schools in a Middle Atlantic state during the 1998-1999 school year. These students were surveyed because according to research literature, they were more likely to major in science in college (Farmer et al. 1995) and because of the disproportionately low number of African-American science majors in higher education compared to other populations. This survey identified some of the factors that contributed to their achievement and provided insight into what can help motivate African-American students to pursue careers in science.

Matkins, Juanita J.; Miles, Rhea

2004-02-01

148

76 FR 42713 - Notice of Meeting; Administration for Native Americans  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families...Sparks, Commissioner, Administration for Native Americans, at...Lillian Sparks, Commissioner, Administration for Native Americans, 370...be made at the following Web site address:...

2011-07-19

149

Native American plant resources in the Yucca Mountain Area, Nevada.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents Native American interpretations of and concerns for plant resources on or near Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This one of three research reports regarding Native American cultural resources that may be affected by site characterization activ...

R. W. Stoffle M. J. Evans D. B. Halmo W. E. Niles J. T. O'Farrell

1989-01-01

150

Substance Use among American Indian or Alaska Native Adults  

MedlinePLUS

... use and treatment need among single-race non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native adults aged 18 or ... total population in 2008—identify themselves as non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native adults of one race. ...

151

77 FR 43571 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY: Office of Tribal...meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR) a public advisory...methods of maximizing the number of new farming and ranching opportunities created...

2012-07-25

152

78 FR 49444 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY: Office of Tribal...meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR) a public advisory...methods of maximizing the number of new farming and ranching opportunities created...

2013-08-14

153

78 FR 23206 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY: Office of Tribal...meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR) a public advisory...methods of maximizing the number of new farming and ranching opportunities created...

2013-04-18

154

78 FR 70259 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY: Office of Tribal...meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR) a public advisory...methods of maximizing the number of new farming and ranching opportunities created...

2013-11-25

155

The Cultural Context of Educational Evaluation: A Native American Perspective  

NSF Publications Database

... to the Academic Achievement of Native American Students PDF (172K) SESSION 2: Resource Organizations ... Education/Training Opportunities for Native American Evaluators PDF (136K) SESSION 4: Developing ...

156

Voices from within: Native American Faculty and Staff on Campus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the role of Native American faculty and staff in majority institutions with relation to Native American students? This chapter provides recommendations for student affairs professionals and further research.

Fox, Mary Jo Tippeconnic

2005-01-01

157

Informing Cancer Prevention Strategies for African Americans: The Relationship of African American Acculturation to Fruit, Vegetable, and Fat Intake  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acculturation has been associated with health-related behaviors in African Americans. We sought to determine if there is a relationship between acculturation and dietary intake in African Americans. African Americans in the PREMIER trial completed the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS) and 2 nonconsecutive 24-h dietary recalls (n = 238). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and canonical correlation were used to assess

Jamy D. Ard; Celette Sugg Skinner; Chuhe Chen; Mikel Aickin; Laura P. Svetkey

2005-01-01

158

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans Update for RTOG in Tampa Feb 2, 2007 Patrick D. Maguire, MD New Hanover Regional (NHRMC) Update for NHRMC Feb 2, 2007 I. Radiotherapy (RT) Clinical Trials II. Publications III. Partnership & Telesynergy IV. Patient

159

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans Update for RTOG in Miami Jan 20, 2006 Patrick D. Maguire, MD New Hanover Regional (NHRMC) Update for NHRMC January 20, 2006 I. Radiotherapy (RT) Clinical Trials II. Publications III. Partnership & Telesynergy IV. Patient

160

Reaching African American men: a qualitative analysis.  

PubMed

African American men are disproportionately affected by most illnesses and associated complications. These men are also less likely to participate in primary and secondary prevention interventions. Little is known about reaching them. The purpose of this study(1) was to explore factors associated with effectively reaching African American men. Ethnographic methods were used. Key and general informants from an urban Northeastern community were recruited for this study. The data revealed 3 major themes as essential to reaching African American men: a trusted and respected community member providing the outreach, a perceived safe and caring environment during outreach, and a perceived benefit from participating in the outreach. The findings from this study provided a foundation for designing community interventions that will increase participation among African American men. Future research efforts should focus on operationalizing these findings in the community. PMID:16863400

Plowden, Keith O; John, Wendell; Vasquez, Elias; Kimani, James

2006-01-01

161

African American Women in Iowa Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital celebration of African American women in 20th century Iowa represents the collaborative efforts of the Iowa Women's Archives and the African American Historical Museum and Cultural Center of Iowa. On the site, visitors can learn about the experiences of African American women in Iowa through photographs, scrapbooks, pamphlets, oral histories, and newsletters. Visitors can perform detailed searches, or they can look at the documents through topical listings. The "Highlights" area is a true delight, as visitors can dip into items like a photograph of young women curtseying in the 1920s and the scrapbook of Althea Beatrice Moore Smith, who was an African American student at Iowa State University. The site also contains links to related collections and several archival guides for researchers seeking for more detailed scholarly resources.

162

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans New Hanover Regional Medical Center Coastal Area Health Education Center University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of North Carolina at Wilmington Report given at the Program Steering Committee

163

Archives of African American Music and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Indiana University's Archives of African American Music and Culture (AAAMC) contains a searchable and browsable collection of bibliographic records of its over 2500 sound recordings and 200 video cassettes, as well as a searchable-only collection of bibliographic records of its photographic archive. It also contains information about its Undine Smith Moore Collection of Original Scores and Manuscripts of Black Composers. AAAMC's usage policy is on the home page, as well as selected links to other African American Internet resources.

Culture., Indiana U.

1998-01-01

164

Celiac Disease in African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Celiac disease is generally under diagnosed in the United States and it is unclear whether the disease is encountered in ethnic minorities. Our purpose is to describe a case series of African-American patients with celiac disease. Nine (1.3%) African-American patients with celiac disease were identified from a prospectively generated database of 700 patients with biopsy proven celiac disease and seen

Pardeep Brar; Ann R. Lee; Suzanne K. Lewis; Govind Bhagat; Peter H. R. Green

2006-01-01

165

Interview: Charlene Teters on Native American Symbols as Mascots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interview with Charlene Teters, Native American artist and activist, focuses on her role as leader of the national campaign to eliminate Native American symbols as college sports mascots, and especially on her experience as a University of Illinois graduate student, where the Native American symbol and mascot continues to be used despite a faculty…

Johns, Rebecca

2000-01-01

166

Native Americans In Elementary School Social Studies Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the treatment of Native Americans in 34 elementary social studies textbooks on the adopted textbook list in Virginia. Explains how ten basic concepts are covered, what evaluative terms are used to describe Native Americans, and how Native Americans are treated in pictures in the texts. (SB)

Ferguson, Maxel J.; Fleming, Dan B.

1984-01-01

167

The Use of Public Libraries by Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Library services to Native Americans have expanded greatly in the past several decades, but more work still needs to be done to provide for the information needs of Native Americans. Data from the U.S. Current Population Survey were used to compare library use rates of Native American households to rates of Anglo households. Results show that…

Burke, Susan K.

2007-01-01

168

Adapting Manualized Treatments: Treating Anxiety Disorders among Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is a small but growing body of literature examining the psychopathology of anxiety among Native Americans, no data are available regarding the efficacy of empirically supported treatments for anxiety disorders among Native Americans. Moreover, exceptional challenges arise in adapting mainstream approaches to Native Americans, such…

De Coteau, Tami; Anderson, Jessiline; Hope, Debra

2006-01-01

169

77 FR 45649 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Assessment of Native American...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment on the Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...Title of Proposal: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...funding though several programs to Native American and Alaskan Native...

2012-08-01

170

Why do foreign-born blacks have lower infant mortality than native-born blacks? New directions in African-American infant mortality research.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: This study focuses attention on maternal nutrition and stress as possible reasons for excess black infant mortality after exploring lower infant mortality for the infants of foreign-born black mothers compared to native-born black mothers. METHODS: All births to non-Hispanic black women in New York City from 1988-1992 were examined and infant mortality for the infants of native-born women was compared to infant mortality for the infants of foreign-born women. RESULTS: Before controlling for potential confounders on the birth certificate, the infants of native-born black women had a greater risk of infant mortality than the infants of foreign-born black women: OR = 1.48 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.38, 1.58). After controlling for potential confounders, the infants of native-born black women still had a greater risk of infant mortality than the infants of foreign-born black women: OR(a) = 1.32 (95% Cl = 1.21, 1.43). CONCLUSIONS: Maternal nutrition and stress are possible causes of excess black infant mortality. They should be topics for research and program development.

Rosenberg, Kenneth D.; Desai, Rani A.; Kan, Jianli

2002-01-01

171

Contract with Native America: Tribal Colleges Can Help Mobilize Native American Vote.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how in the past, most politicians have ignored issues regarding Native Americans, but with new found political capital educators hope to change this situation. Explains that Native Americans can become empowered through mobilizing the Native American voters. Those involved with the tribal colleges and universities play a critical role in…

Gipp, David M.

2003-01-01

172

Native american related materials in elementary science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The low achievement of Native American students, as measured by standardized tests, results from a number of factors, including the lack of cultural relevance of curriculum materials used in their instruction. Using a pretest-posttest control group design, Native American students in Bureau of Indian Affairs schools in Grades 4-8 who were taught science using culturally relevant materials achieved significantly higher and displayed a significantly more positive attitude toward Native Americans and science than comparable students who were taught science without the culturally relevant materials. It is suggested that when educators of Native Americans teach science, they should use materials that incorporate frequent reference to Native Americans and science.

Matthews, Catherine E.; Smith, Walter S.

173

African-American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network, Number 19  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Issue 19 (Early Winter 1997) of the African - American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network has been posted by the publisher, New South Associates. Contents include a case study on Slavery and Consumerism, notices of current excavations and research, Internet resources, book reviews and notes, and professional news and announcements.

1997-01-01

174

Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2009-01-01

175

The Pedagogy of African American Parents: Learning from Educational Excellence in the African American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study of how parents teach their children to excel academically in the African American community seeks to establish the validity of the pedagogical practices of working class African American families by investigating the educational leadership of two families on Chicago's south side. The study acknowledges the significance of…

Watkins, Audrey P.

2006-01-01

176

African Americans in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The African American population has made remarkable progress since the 1960s, but recent trends may derail the progress of many American blacks. Compared to previous years, United States blacks, who number 30 million in 1991, are more educated, earn higher salaries, work in more prestigious jobs, and participate more fully in politics. However,…

O'Hare, William P.; And Others

1991-01-01

177

Prevalence of Stuttering in African American Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this study, the authors sought to determine the prevalence of stuttering in African American (AA) 2- to 5-year-olds as compared with same-age European Americans (EAs). Method: A total of 3,164 children participated: 2,223 AAs and 941 EAs. Data were collected using a 3-pronged approach that included investigators' individual…

Proctor, Adele; Yairi, Ehud; Duff, Melissa C.; Zhang, Jie

2008-01-01

178

Cues used for distinguishing African American and European American voices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Past studies have shown that listeners can distinguish most African American and European American voices, but how they do so is poorly understood. Three experiments were designed to investigate this problem. Recordings of African American and European American college students performing various reading tasks were used as the basis for stimuli in all three. In the first experiment, stimuli were subjected to monotonization, lowpass filtering at 660 Hz, and no modification. In the second, stimuli featuring certain ethnically diagnostic vowels and control stimuli were subjected to monotonization, conversion of vowels to schwa, or no modification. In the third, stimuli featuring diagnostic vowels and control stimuli were modified so that the intonation of paired African American and European American speakers was swapped. In all three experiments, African American and European American listeners in North Carolina and European American listeners in West Virginia identified the ethnicity of the speaker of each stimulus. Vowel quality emerged as the most consistent cue for identifications. However, listeners accessed other cues differently for male and female speakers. Breathiness was correlated with identifications of male speakers but not of female speakers. F0-related factors proved more important for female speakers than for male speakers. [Work supported by NSF.

Thomas, Erik R.; Lass, Norman J.

2005-04-01

179

Cancer statistics for African Americans, 2013.  

PubMed

In this article, the American Cancer Society estimates the number of new cancer cases and deaths for African Americans and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, survival, and screening prevalence based upon incidence data from the National Cancer Institute, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries and mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics. It is estimated that 176,620 new cases of cancer and 64,880 deaths will occur among African Americans in 2013. From 2000 to 2009, the overall cancer death rate among males declined faster among African Americans than whites (2.4% vs 1.7% per year), but among females, the rate of decline was similar (1.5% vs 1.4% per year, respectively). The decrease in cancer death rates among African American males was the largest of any racial or ethnic group. The reduction in overall cancer death rates since 1990 in men and 1991 in women translates to the avoidance of nearly 200,000 deaths from cancer among African Americans. Five-year relative survival is lower for African Americans than whites for most cancers at each stage of diagnosis. The extent to which these disparities reflect unequal access to health care versus other factors remains an active area of research. Overall, progress in reducing cancer death rates has been made, although more can and should be done to accelerate this progress through ensuring equitable access to cancer prevention, early detection, and state-of-the-art treatments. PMID:23386565

DeSantis, Carol; Naishadham, Deepa; Jemal, Ahmedin

2013-05-01

180

Dialect Leveling and /ai/ Monopthongization among African American Detroiters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents evidence that Detroit African Americans are participating in a recent sound change that is typically associated with some White but not African American varieties in the American South. Reports a leveling pattern in which /ai/ monothongization has expanded to the salient pre-voiceless context in Detroit African American English (AAE).…

Anderson, Bridget L.

2002-01-01

181

[Gene geography of Chile: Regional distribution of American, European and African genetic contributions].  

PubMed

Background: The geographical distribution of genes plays a key role in genetic epidemiology. The Chilean population has three major stem groups (Native American, European and African). Aim: To estimate the regional rate of American, European and African admixture of the Chilean population. Subjects and Methods: Forty single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP´s) which exhibit substantially different frequencies between Amerindian populations (ancestry-informative markers or AIM´s), were genotyped in a sample of 923 Chilean participants to estimate individual genetic ancestry. Results: The American, European and African individual average admixture estimates for the 15 Chilean Regions were relatively homogeneous and not statistically different. However, higher American components were found in northern and southern Chile and higher European components were found in central Chile. A negative correlation between African admixture and latitude was observed. On the average, American and European genetic contributions were similar and significantly higher than the African contribution. Weighted mean American, European and African genetic contributions of 44.34% ± 3 9%, 51.85% ± 5.44% and 3.81% ± 0.45%, were estimated. Fifty two percent of subjects harbor African genes. Individuals with Aymara and Mapuche surnames have an American admixture of 58.64% and 68.33%, respectively. Conclusions: Half of the Chilean population harbors African genes. Participants with Aymara and Mapuche surnames had a higher American genetic contribution than the general Chilean population. These results confirm the usefulness of surnames as a frst approximation to determine genetic ancestry. PMID:25052264

Fuentes, Macarena; Pulgar, Iván; Gallo, Carla; Bortolini, María-Cátira; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Bedoya, Gabriel; González-José, Rolando; Ruiz-Linares, Andrés; Rothhammer, Francisco

2014-03-01

182

Dimensions of Acculturation in Native American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were applied to the responses of two respective independent samples of Native American college students on the Native American Acculturation Scale (NAAS). Three correlated dimensions were found to underlie NAAS items and these dimensions may also comprise a broader higher order dimension of Native

Reynolds, Amy L.; Sodano, Sandro M.; Ecklund, Timothy R.; Guyker, Wendy

2012-01-01

183

Communication and the Power of Native American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis focuses on the effects of the language of patriarchy on the power of Native American women, how these women have retained power in their own societies, and how an understanding of Native women's values can aid feminists. An examination of Native American women's literature provides a connecting bridge back to a time before patriarchy…

Torson, Dianna

184

Experiencing Higher Education in Louisiana through a Native American Lens  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation was to capture the voice of the Louisiana Native American students who attend Louisiana institutions of higher education. Native Americans are the least represented minority in colleges. More have entered college in recent years, yet they continue to leave college at a high rate. It is important to understand what motivates Native students to attend

Linda Kelly

2008-01-01

185

76 FR 25703 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Assessment of Native American...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment on the Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...Title of Proposal: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...the United States. Under the Native American Housing and Self...

2011-05-05

186

Cancer Education Resources for American Indians and Alaska Natives. Supplement to Native American Monograph No. 1: Documentation of the Cancer Research Needs of American Indians and Alaska Natives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory provides information on cancer education materials that have been developed specifically for American Indians and Alaska Natives. The goal is to develop and implement culturally appropriate cancer prevention and control programs for Native Americans. The directory includes a matrix of cancer education materials that identifies…

Burhansstipanov, Linda, Comp.; Barry, Kathleen Cooleen, Comp.

187

45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section... THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native American Projects §...

2009-10-01

188

45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section... THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native American Projects §...

2010-10-01

189

Native American Affairs: Department of Commerce  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Department of Commerce has an active Native American Affairs program whose work is coordinated by a team of government professionals and advisors. On the homepage, visitors can learn about the program's advising work, which includes outreach related to small businesses, intertribal relations, and reservation-based economic development programs. Visitors can look over the Policy area, as it contains key documents like the official tribal consultation and coordination policy for the department. A valuable area of the site is the Resources section, which lists online resources from other government agencies, including NOAA, the Census Bureau, and the Patent and Trademark Office.

190

Laughing It Up: Native American Humor as Spiritual Tradition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Native American humor is explored through a brief discussion of the current literature regarding the use of humor in counseling and descriptions of various forms and communication styles of Native humor as spiritual tradition. Implications for multicultural awareness in the use of humor and possible use of Native humor in counseling with Native

Garrett, Michael Tlanusta; Garrett, J. T.; Torres-Rivera, Edil; Wilbur, Michael; Roberts-Wilbur, Janice

2005-01-01

191

Mental Health in American Indians and Alaska Natives  

MedlinePLUS

... National Center for American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research (University of Colorado School of Public Health) One Sky Center - a National Resource Center for American Indian and Alaska Native Health, Education and Research. ... Mental Health Disparities Fact Sheet: American Indians Let's Talk ...

192

Native Americans: We Are Here. Newsweek Social Studies Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide contains objectives, activities, vocabulary, suggested readings, visuals, and readings divided into four units of instruction about Native Americans. Unit I examines the history of Native Americans on the North American continent from the precolonial period to the present. Unit II explores representative tribes of the eastern…

Jensen, Beverly

193

78 FR 34241 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proclamation 8992--African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 Presidential...8992 of May 31, 2013 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 By the President...lasting freedom. Through every generation, music has reflected and renewed our...

2013-06-06

194

Code of the Street and African-American Adolescent Violence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The code of the street theory, developed by Yale professor Elijah Anderson, presents an explanation for high rates of violence among African-American adolescents. Observing life in a Philadelphia African-American neighborhood, Anderson saw that economic d...

E. A. Stewart R. L. Simons

2009-01-01

195

Developing suicide prevention programs for African American youth in African American churches.  

PubMed

Suicide prevention programs for African American youth in African American churches may have broad appeal because: (1) the Black Church has a strong history of helping community members, regardless of church membership; (2) African Americans have the highest level of public and private religiousness; and (3) the church can help shape religious and cultural norms about mental health and help-seeking. The proposed gatekeeper model trains lay helpers and clergy to recognize the risk and protective factors for depression and suicide, to make referrals to the appropriate community mental health resources, and to deliver a community education curriculum. Potential barriers and suggestions for how to overcome these barriers are discussed. PMID:18611131

Molock, Sherry Davis; Matlin, Samantha; Barksdale, Crystal; Puri, Rupa; Lyles, Joseph

2008-06-01

196

Strengthening the Circle: Child Support for Native American Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This resource document is dedicated to Native American children. We honor the holistic philosophy that embraces Native children, their parents, their extended families, their communities and Tribes or Bands within a protective and empowering Circle of Lif...

1999-01-01

197

Characterizing the learning styles and testing the science-related attitudes of African American middle school students: Implications for the underrepresentation of African Americans in the sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and women are underrepresented among the population of scientists and science teachers in the United States. Specifically, the shortage of African Americans teaching math and science at all levels of the educational process and going into the many science-related fields is manifested throughout the entire educational and career structure of our society. This shortage exists when compared to the total population of African Americans in this country, the population of African American students, and to society's demand for more math and science teachers and professionals of all races. One suggestion to address this problem is to update curricular and instructional programs to accommodate the learning styles of African Americans from elementary to graduate school. There is little in the published literature to help us understand the learning styles of African American middle school students and how they compare to African American adults who pursue science careers. There is also little published data to help inform us about the relationship between learning styles of African American middle school students and their attitudes toward science. The author used a learning styles inventory instrument to identify the learning style preferences of the African American students and adults. The preferences identified describe how African American students and African American adult science professionals prefer to function, learn, concentrate, and perform in their educational and work activities in the areas of: (a) immediate environment, (b) emotionality, (c) sociological needs, and (d) physical needs. The learning style preferences for the students and adults were not significantly different in key areas of preference. A Test of Science-Related Attitudes (TOSRA) was used to measure seven distinct science-related attitudes of the middle school students. A comparison of the profile of the mean scores for the students in this study to a national norm, comprised of students of all races, showed no significant differences. The attitudes that African American middle school students have toward science are influenced by science professionals (role models), their parents, and their teachers. This correlates directly with the high preference for Parent Motivated and Teacher Motivated learning style preferences.

Perine, Donald Ray

198

Reflections of Native American Teen Mothers  

PubMed Central

Objective To understand the previously lived experience of early childbearing among adult Native American women. Design A community-based participatory research approach. Setting The first interview took place at a mutually agreed upon time and place and averaged 120 minutes. Second interviews were conducted 1 to 3 months later. Participants A convenience sample of 30 self-identified Native American adult women was recruited, and a semi-structured interview explored their early childbearing experiences. Method An interpretive phenomenological study was conducted with a Northwestern tribe. Results All of the women in the study described stressful childhoods. Two primary themes were identified: “Chaotic childhoods,” represented stressful events in youth that introduced or resulted in ongoing chaos in women’s lives. “Diminished childhoods” was used to describe early maturity as a result of assuming extensive responsibilities at a young age. Conclusions The findings suggest that the childhood experiences described by participants may be related to the risk for early childbearing. Prospective research should examine the relationship between young women’s lives and early childbearing in order to design interventions to support them in postponing pregnancy and when they do become pregnant.

Palacios, Janelle; Kennedy, Holly Powell

2010-01-01

199

Characteristics of Native Americans with HIV and implications for care.  

PubMed

Limited data have been published about HIV infections and response to antiretroviral therapy in the Native American population. We reviewed baseline characteristics of 112 Native American patients to determine if there were any shared characteristics that would dictate the best treatment for this population. Metabolic diseases and psychiatric disorders were common findings among our patients. Native American patients should be monitored and screened as appropriate for comorbid conditions, and these disease states should be considered when choosing an antiretroviral regimen. PMID:24688187

Connel, Christina; Stroup, Jeffrey S; Stephens, Johnny R; Martin, Erica

2014-04-01

200

Exploring How African American Faculty Cope with Classroom Racial Stressors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was an examination of how African American faculty discussed their coping with racially stressful classrooms. Despite aims for racial equality in higher education, the classroom has been a significant site of racial stressors for African American facility. Analysis of interviews with 16 (8 women, 8 men) African American faculty at a…

Pittman, Chavella T.

2010-01-01

201

African-American Developmental Disability Discourses: Implications for Policy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formal developmental disabilities services are often underutilized, especially by low-income African-American families. This study examined the basis for interactions and service use preferences of African-American woman who cared for an adult female child with a disability. Diverse African-American perspectives were observed by analyzing the…

Terhune, Peggy S.

2005-01-01

202

An Exploration of African American Students' Attitudes toward Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current work presents exploratory research findings concerning African American students' attitudes toward online learning. The Online Tutoring Attitudes Scale (OTAS; Graff, 2003) was administered to 124 African American students in a positive youth development program. Findings suggest that African American students' attitudes toward…

Okwumabua, Theresa M.; Walker, Kristin M.; Hu, Xiangen; Watson, Andrea

2011-01-01

203

Registers in the Academic Writing of African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines the development of the registers of academic writing by African American college-level students through style and grammar: indirection inherent in the oral culture of the African American community and the paratactic functions of "because." Discourse analysis of 74 samples of academic writing by 20 African American undergraduate…

Syrquin, Anna F.

2006-01-01

204

Beating the Odds: Raising Academically Successful African American Males.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on African American males presents the first step in an ongoing exploration of the relationship between parenting and academic achievement among African American children. Subjects of the study were high-achieving members of the Meyerhoff Scholars, young African Americans distinguished for their achievement. The Meyerhoff Scholar program…

Hrabowski, Freemen A., III; Maton, Kenneth I.; Greif, Geoffrey L.

205

African American Males in Dance, Music, Theater, and Film  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of African American males in the entertainment industry begins with the African background and extends through the transatlantic slave trade and to the various aspects of the black presence in the Americas. African American males have contributed enormously to the American cultural wealth in dance, music, theater, and film. Minstrelsy, the cakewalk, the Charleston, the lindy hop, the

I. Peter Ukpokodu

2000-01-01

206

Oral Cancer in African Americans: Addressing Health Disparities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To explore factors underlying African Americans' perceptions of oral cancer and the oral cancer exam. Study findings were used to guide development of oral cancer messages designed to increase oral cancer exams among African Americans. Methods: Focus groups were conducted to understand African Americans' attitudes and expectations…

Dodd, Virginia J.; Watson, Jennifer M.; Choi, Youjin; Tomar, Scott L.; Logan, Henrietta L.

2008-01-01

207

Empowerment Groups for Urban African American Girls: A Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the author wanted to read Bemak, Chung, and Siroskey-Sabdo's article in an objective sense, her response to their article is most likely influenced by her own experiences as an African American female and mother of an African American daughter. To her, the paramount issue facing African American females is the double and sometimes triple…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl C.

2005-01-01

208

Spirituality and Self-Management of Diabetes in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention to spirituality is especially important for nurses when providing care to African Americans. Spirituality is deeply embedded in their rich cultural heritage. For many African Americans, spirituality is intertwined into all aspects of life, including beliefs about health and illness. Therefore, it is imperative that nurses understand the relationship between African American spirituality, health, and self-management of illness to

Rebecca Polzer; Margaret Shandor Miles

2005-01-01

209

Perceptions of Domestic Violence: A Dialogue with African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although empirical research has accumulated over the past 20 years regarding African Americans and domestic violence, many questions remain about African American perceptions of domestic violence. This article explores African American women's perceptions about domestic violence through three focus groups held at a New York social services agency.…

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B.

2004-01-01

210

Exposure of African-American Youth to Alcohol Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Despite occasional media and community spotlights on the marketing of alcohol products in the African-American community, there has been no systematic review of the…

2003

211

Parent Support and African American Adolescents' Career Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that African American adolescents are not being prepared to enter the workforce at the same rates as adolescents from other ethnic groups. While educational and career options were unavailable to African Americans in previous eras, today educational and career opportunities abound, yet many young African Americans are not in a…

Alliman-Brissett, Annette E.; Turner, Sherri L.; Skovholt, Thomas M.

2004-01-01

212

BLACK MASCULINITY AND BASKETBALL AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDIES 398DT  

Microsoft Academic Search

and by appointment Because over 80% of NBA basketball players are African American and the style of play that emerged from African-American communities dominates the professional game, basketball is culturally marked as black. Larry Bird, a three-time NBA MVP, and the best non-African American player of the last thirty years maintained that basketball is \\

Damion Thomas

213

Going to School: The African-American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents the views of a range of African-American educators on questions related to African-American academic achievement. The concern in this volume is with the persistent, pervasive, and disproportionate underachievement of African-American students. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1, "Problem Identification," comprises the…

Lomotey, Kofi, Ed.

214

Conducting Children's Health Insurance Outreach in African American Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, 19.7 percent of African American children were uninsured. Since a majority of African American children live in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line, they are eligible for free or low-cost insurance coverage. This report presents strategies for facilitating the recruitment and enrollment of African American

Patterson, Jacqueline

215

Representing African American Women in U.S. History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the dearth of African American women in high school U.S. history textbooks. The authors conducted a content analysis of the images in an African American history textbook and found that black women are underrepresented. Women are found in less than 15 percent of the images in the African American history text, while they…

Schocker, Jessica B.; Woyshner, Christine

2013-01-01

216

Insights: Emphasizing Issues that Affect African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter continues and expands the dialogue regarding the oppressions experienced by African American women in higher education. Stakeholders of postsecondary education are invited to use this dialogue to become more aware of the needs of African American women on college campuses, as well as African American people in general.

Hughes, Robin L.; Howard-Hamilton, Mary F.

2003-01-01

217

Retention of African American Faculty in Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most literature on the American professorate provides a culture of evidence that suggests that the above account represents the typical experience endured by many African American faculty members and other faculty of color. African American faculty remain under-represented in predominantly White research universities. The number of African

Awe, Clara

2006-01-01

218

African American Acculturation and Black Racial Identity: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between acculturation and racial identity among African Americans. One hundred eighty-seven African American students completed the Black Racial Identity Attitude Scale and the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS). Acculturation was associated with three of the five AAAS subscales: Dissonance, Immersion, and…

Pope-Davis, Donald B.; Liu, William M.; Ledesma-Jones, Shannon; Nevitt, Jonathan

2000-01-01

219

Help-Seeking Attitudes among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, African American students display a low-rate of seeking mental health treatment. Issues such as mistrust of White therapists, attitudes toward mental health problems, and African American spirituality affect their help-seeking behavior. The present study examined a sample of 134 African American students at a Historically Black…

So, Dominicus W.; Gilbert, Stefanie; Romero, Sergio

2005-01-01

220

African American Female Superintendents: Resilient School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six African American female superintendents who had served as superintendents in at least 2 school districts were interviewed to understand ways in which they responded to barriers and adversity in their roles, with a particular emphasis on issues related to sexism and racism. Study participants shared that they work to engage the community and…

Johnson, Bernadeia H.

2012-01-01

221

Subjective Memory in Older African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current analysis examined (a) if measures of psychological well-being predict subjective memory, and (b) if subjective memory is consistent with actual memory. Five hundred seventy-nine older African Americans from the Baltimore Study of Black Aging completed measures assessing subjective memory, depressive symptomatology, perceived stress, locus of control, and verbal and working memory. Higher levels of perceived stress and greater

Regina C. Sims; Keith E. Whitfield; Brian J. Ayotte; Alyssa A. Gamaldo; Christopher L. Edwards; Jason C. Allaire

2011-01-01

222

Depressive Symptoms in African-American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms in an African American female college student sample (n=78) using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI2) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). MMPI-2 was a more conservative scale than BDI in identifying depressive symptom levels. Discusses stress inoculation methods to assist…

Reed, Michael K.; And Others

1996-01-01

223

The African American Public Policy Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews actions of the 102nd Congress of particular interest to African Americans, including the (1) Domestic Marshall Plan House Resolution; (2) Unemployment Benefits extension; (3) Job Training Partnership Act; (4) Workplace Fairness Act; (5) Family and Medical Leave Act; and (6) Civil Rights Act of 1991. (SLD)

McAlpine, Robert; And Others

1992-01-01

224

Legacy of a Pioneer African American Educator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose was to reconstruct the historical and legendary contribution of one exemplary African American physical education teacher educator who lived and worked in the Deep South prior to and immediately following the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education court case. The following questions guided data collection and analysis: To what…

Cazers, Gunars; Curtner-Smith, Matthew

2013-01-01

225

Paranoid Ideation among Elderly African American Persons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross sectional study involving 998 independently living elderly African Americans used the Brief Symptom Inventory to measure paranoid ideation and 14 independent variables including demographic characteristics, cognitive deficit, and depression. Paranoid ideation was found in 10% of the sample. Regression analysis revealed 6 of 14 independent…

Bazargan, Mohsen; Bazargan, Shahrzad; King, Lewis

2001-01-01

226

Computational Mathematical Abilities of African American Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied racial and sex differences in mathematics performance among elementary school students using data from the 1996 California Achievement Test in Louisiana for 4,670 fourth graders and 2,542 sixth graders. Results show some superiority in computation for African Americans, with the highest performance by black girls. Whites performed better…

Park, Hae-Seong; Bauer, Scott

1999-01-01

227

Careers of African Americans in Academic Astronomy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though traditionally the field of academic astronomy has belonged almost exclusively to whites, today several black scholars are beginning to make their mark in this scientific discipline. Profiles a group of contemporary African American scholars who are astronomers and astrophysicists, noting that there are at least four black graduate students…

Fikes, Robert Jr.

2000-01-01

228

The Complexity of African American Racial Identification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviewed adult African Americans regarding four parameters of racial identification (psychological, physical, cultural, and sociopolitical). Results indicated generally high levels of racial identification across participants, though scores varied across parameters. The highest level of racial identification was obtained on the cultural…

Sanders Thompson, Vetta L.

2001-01-01

229

African Americans and Teen Dating Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This literature review focuses on the prevalence rates of teen dating violence in the United States, emergence of dating violence research, reasons of teen dating violence in the African American community, consequences of it regarding physical and mental health, and the impact of it on psychological and physical health. The research shows a trickledown effect of racism, low socio-economic status,

Racine Renee Henry; Senem Zeytinoglu

2012-01-01

230

African American's Perceptions of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes and beliefs about utilization of mental health services of 201 African Americans, 18 years and older, are explored. One hundred and thirty-four females and 66 males participated in mixed sex focus groups conducted in an urban, Midwestern city. Discussion probes addressed participant perceptions of psychotherapists and psychotherapy,…

Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders; Akbar, Maysa D.; Bazile, Anita

231

2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex, Dr. Julian M. Earls (left), deputy director for Operations, Glenn Research Center, receives a plaque from astronaut Joan Higginbotham (right) during the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon. Dr. Earls was guest speaker at the luncheon.

2000-01-01

232

2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex, the planning committee for the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon gather in the lobby. At the far left is Mack McKinney, chief, Programs Resources Management, who was chairperson for the event.

2000-01-01

233

2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mack McKinney (left), chief, Programs Resources Management, and Delores Abraham (right), with the Astronaut office, flank one of the posters decorating the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex for the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon. McKinney is chairperson for the event.

2000-01-01

234

Obstacles to Reducing AIDS among African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores hindrances to sustaining African-American mobilization against Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Major obstacles include the following: (1) objective conditions; (2) attitudes toward sexuality; (3) perceptions about substance abuse and AIDS; and (4) conflicting policy views. Public health education has not been sufficient in the…

Quimby, Ernest

1993-01-01

235

African American Women Counselors, Wellness, and Spirituality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given their tremendous professional responsibilities, professional counselors face daunting challenges to remaining healthy and avoiding role stress and overload. This article explores the intersection of race, gender, wellness, and spirituality in the self-care of African American women counselors. The authors give particular attention to…

Knowles, Debora; Bryant, Rhonda M.

2011-01-01

236

African Americans in Television: An Afrocentric Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes that, historically and contemporarily, African Americans were and are severely underrepresented in the Eurocentric press, portrayed stereotypically, depicted in low-status occupational roles, and denied news or public affairs programs to adequately serve their informational needs. Theories on mass media's impact on society and individuals…

Tait, Alice A.; Perry, Robert L.

1994-01-01

237

Helping African American Males: The Cure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looks at the current plight of the African-American male, exploring the role of the dominant culture, mass media, and low self-esteem. Describes a possible cure, citing five areas for action, calling for year-round school in some urban areas, exploring Afrocentric curricula, and considering rites of passage programs. (JB)

Gill, Walter

1992-01-01

238

Growing Up African American in Catholic Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributors to this volume use their own stories to demonstrate success of one institution, the Catholic school system, in educating many African Americans who have gone on to make important contributions to the community. Their own experiences are the starting points for their reflections on the historical and sociological treatment of the…

Irvine, Jacqueline Jordan, Ed.; Foster, Michele, Ed.

239

77 FR 66527 - National Native American Heritage Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and we renew our commitment to respecting each tribe's identity while ensuring equal opportunity to pursue the American dream. In paying tribute to Native American achievements, we must also acknowledge the parts of our shared history...

2012-11-06

240

The Myth of Meritocracy and African American Health  

PubMed Central

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy—the belief that all may obtain the American Dream—and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans.

Meyer, Ilan H.

2010-01-01

241

The myth of meritocracy and African American health.  

PubMed

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy-the belief that all may obtain the American Dream-and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans. PMID:20724679

Kwate, Naa Oyo A; Meyer, Ilan H

2010-10-01

242

Predicting Non-African American Lesbian and Heterosexual Preadoptive Couples' Openness to Adopting an African American Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite increases in transracial adoption, African American children remain the least likely to be adopted. No research has examined the factors that predict prospective adopters' willingness to adopt an African American child. This study used multilevel modeling to examine predictors of willingness to adopt an African American child in a sample…

Goldberg, Abbie E.; Smith, JuliAnna Z.

2009-01-01

243

Exercise economy in African American and European American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have previously shown that Achilles tendon length is related to walking economy on the flat, presumably because of increased\\u000a stretch–shortening cycle elastic energy savings. In addition, greater walking economy in African American (AA) women compared\\u000a to European American (EA) women is explained by longer Achilles tendons in AA women. The purposes of this study were to determine\\u000a whether economy

Gary R. HunterJohn; John P. McCarthy; Marcas M. Bamman; D. Enette Larson-Meyer; Gordon Fisher; Bradley R. Newcomer

244

Cytomegalovirus Infections among African-Americans  

PubMed Central

Background Since African-Americans have twice the prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections as age-matched Caucasians we sought to determine the ages and possible sources of infection of African-American children. Methods Subjects were 157 African-American healthy children and adolescents and their 113 household adults in Richmond VA. Families completed a questionnaire, provided saliva for antibody testing, and adolescents were interviewed regarding sexual activity. Results Regardless of age CMV seropositivity was not associated with gender, breast feeding, health insurance, sexual activity, or household income, education, or size. In the final regression model, prior CMV infection in adults was over two-fold higher than in children (chi-square = 18.8, p < 0.0001). At one year of age the CMV seropositivity rate was 11% (95%CI = 4% – 24%) and increased 1.8% each year until age 13 years. Between ages 13 and 20 years the CMV seropositivity rate remained between 22% and 33%. For adults, the CMV seropositivity rate was 84% in 21 year olds (95%CI = 69%–.92%). There was no association between CMV infections of the children and their mothers but CMV infections among siblings were associated. Conclusion We observed that African-American children had CMV seroprevalence rates by age 20 years at less than one-half of that of their adult mothers and caregivers. Sibling-to-sibling transmission was a likely source of CMV infections for the children. The next generation of African-American women may be highly susceptible to a primary CMV infection during pregnancy and may benefit from a CMV vaccine.

Wilms, Isca R; Best, Al M; Adler, Stuart P

2008-01-01

245

The Night Sky and Native American Worldviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I will share the results of having used some of the exercises and techniques of science integration in astronomy courses that I teach through the University of Colorado Upward Bound (CUUB) Programs. CUUB targets Native American high school students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds from as many as eighteen tribes and ten states, typically from schools which are on or near major reservations across the nation. Two-thirds of CUUB students meet federal low-income guidelines and are potential first-generation college students in their families. I will also discuss whether and how the students integrated the concepts and discoveries of modern astronomy with their personal worldviews and with the history of their peoples.

Venkatesan, A.

2004-05-01

246

Preserving Native American petroglyphs on porous sandstone  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A new method of chemical treatment is proposed to improve the durability of soft, porous sandstones onto which Native American petroglyphs have been carved. Cores of Dakota Sandstone from the Faris Cave site, located along the Smoky Hill River in Ellsworth County, Kansas, were treated with ethyl silicate dissolved in a lightweight ketone carrier, and some cores were subsequently treated with a combination of ethyl silicate and silane using the same solvent. Measurement of the resulting physical properties, when compared to untreated cores, indicate the treatments substantially increased the compressive strength and freeze-thaw resistance of the stone without discoloring the stone or completely sealing the pore system. The treatment increases the durability of the stone and provides a method for preserving the petroglyphs at the site. After treating test panels at the site, the petroglyphs were treated in like manner.

Grisafe, D. A.

1996-01-01

247

Native American Training Program in Petroleum Technology  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines a comprehensive training program for members of Native American tribes whose lands have oil and gas resources. The program has two components: short courses and internships. Programs are proposed for: (1) adult tribes representatives who are responsible for managing tribal mineral holdings, setting policy, or who work in the oil and gas industry; (2) graduate and undergraduate college students who are tribal members and are studying in the appropriate fields; and (3) high school and middle school teachers, science teachers. Materials and program models already have been developed for some components of the projects. The plan is a coordinated, comprehensive effort to use existing resources to accomplish its goals. Partnerships will be established with the tribes, the BIA, tribal organizations, other government agencies, and the private sector to implement the program.

Ho, Winifred M.; Kokesh, Judith H.

1999-04-27

248

Karla Holloway to Lead African and African-American Studies at Duke University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The appointment of Karla F. C. Holloway, an African American woman, as director of the Duke University (North Carolina) African American Studies program is representative of an institutional effort to stabilize the program and to recruit African American scholars to the institution, across disciplines. During Holloway's interim directorship,…

Hawkins, B. Denise

1996-01-01

249

Approving communitization agreements covering Native American lands  

SciTech Connect

A series of recent cases in the US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit has created a great deal of confusion about the role of the Secretary of the Interior in approving oil and gas communitization agreements where Native American tribal or allotted lands are involved. In each case, the court was confronted with an operator who was attempting to extend an oil and gas lease covering tribal or allotted lands beyond its primary term by requesting to unitize the tribal or allotted lands with adjacent non-Native American lands on which a well had been drilled and completed or where drilling was taking place. All of the tribal and allotted leases involved in these cases contained {open_quotes}commence drilling{close_quotes} clauses, as well as {open_quotes}unit operation{close_quotes} clauses that authorized communitization of the lands covered by the leases with adjacent lands upon approval by the Secretary. While the Secretary clearly is required to approve communitization agreements covering tribal or allotted lands before such agreements are deemed effective, the scope of the Secretary`s approval authority has been the subject of continuing controversy. Communitization refers to the pooling of oil and gas interests in separate tracts, including federal and nonfederal properties, into a size sufficient to grant a well permit under applicable well-spacing rules. When lands have been communitized, production achieved on one oil and gas lease is allocated among all of the communitized leases. Thus, a lease of tribal or allotted lands that is communitized with a fee lease on which a producing well has been drilled is considered a producing lease even though there is no well on such lease. Such tribal or allotted lands lease therefore does not expire at the end of its stated primary term, but is extended until the well on the communitized land ceases to produce oil or gas in paying quantities. This article discusses the problem.

Hook, J. [Dorsey & Whitney, Denver, CO (United States)

1997-06-01

250

Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection examine relationships between the Korean American and African American communities in Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York. The contrast between the economic power and lack of political power of Korean Americans and the political power and lack of economic power of African Americans is traced. Essays 2-5 cover Los…

Kim, Kwang Chung, Ed.

251

H-Afro-Am: African-American Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

H-Afro-Am is a new H-Net sponsored, moderated discussion list for professionals, faculty, and advanced students in African American Studies. The discussion list will focus on the African Diaspora, mainly on the US experience. H-Afro-Am is also the official voice of the Collegium for African American Research in Europe (CAAR), established in 1992 to promote African American scholarship from an international perspective.

1995-01-01

252

The Native American Career Education Project. A Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted during 1974-76 to help meet the career awareness, orientation, and exploration needs of Native American youth in grades 7, 8, and 9. Activities included gathering information on Native American career education needs and surveying existing career education materials. Based on that information, twelve instructional units…

Studebaker, Diana P.; Banathy, Bela H.

253

Native American Community Academy: The Power of Embracing Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value that Native American nations place on deliberative experiential learning and oral reflection often is opposed to traditional practices in US schools. The inherent differences between those cultural approaches to learning have contributed to the large achievement gap between Native American schools and traditional public schools. In 2006…

Principal Leadership, 2013

2013-01-01

254

Identifying Outstanding Talent in American Indian and Alaska Native Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews and synthesizes the most promising practices used to identify exceptionally talented students from the Native American population. Preliminary information includes an Indian Student Bill of Rights, discussion of the problem of talent identification, and discussion of special issues including diversity within the Native American

Callahan, Carolyn M.; McIntire, Jay A.

255

Social Skills Efficacy and Proactivity among Native American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses Native American urban adolescents' construal of social skills, and relationships between these skills and proactivity behaviors as identified in the Integrative Contextual Model of Career Development (Lapan, 2004). Recommendations that build upon the social skills strengths of Native American young people are included.…

Turner, Sherri L.; Conkel, Julia L.; Reich, Allison N.; Trotter, Michelle J.; Siewart, Jason J.

2006-01-01

256

New Social Learning from Two Spirit Native Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors highlight connections between research on Two Spirit Native Americans and standard social studies curriculum. Two Spirit is a Pan-Indian term describing Native Americans who believe they embody both masculine and feminine characteristics/traits in one physical body. Findings from this research expand the field's…

Mayo, J. B., Jr.; Sheppard, Maia

2012-01-01

257

Give It Your Best! Profiles of Native American Athletes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this publication is to encourage and enhance the participation of American Indian and Alaska Native athletes in organized sports at the secondary, collegiate, and professional levels. Profiles are given of 37 young Native American women and men who are succeeding in competitive athletics, as well as in the classroom. One page is…

Coker, Russell; Kast, Sherry

258

Nutritional Concerns in American Indian and Alaska Native Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nutritional health of American Indian and Alaska Native children has changed dramatically over the past 30 years. The prevention and treatment of malnutrition (primarily undernutrition) was a major health issue until the mid to late 1970s. Now, a generation later, obesity in American Indian and Alaska Native children is a major health threat. In 1969, the National Institutes of

MARY STORY; KAREN F STRAUSS; ELENORA ZEPHIER; BRENDA A BROUSSARD

1998-01-01

259

American Indian and Alaska Native Education Research Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Executive Order 13096 gave the U.S. Department of Education the responsibility for developing a research agenda for American Indian and Alaska Native education. The Department established a working group composed of various government agencies and American Indian groups, committees, and associations, that solicited ideas and comments from Native

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

260

The Status of Native American Women in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the status of Native American women in higher education obtained questionnaires from 61 undergraduate women at 4 colleges and 9 women with advanced degrees, interviewed 6 women in or about to enter graduate programs, and reviewed previous research and available statistical data. Results indicated that: relatively few Native American

Kidwell, Clara Sue

261

American Indian/Alaska Native College Student Retention Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a qualitative study examining the similarities and differences between American Indian/Alaska Native student perceptions and the perceptions of state representatives, university presidents, and faculty about persistence factors and barriers to degree completion specific to American Indian/Alaska Native students…

Guillory, Raphael M.

2009-01-01

262

Native American Registered Nurses and State Board Examinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire was distributed to Native American registered nurses to discover what factors helped them succeed. Analysis of the 104 questionnaires returned from a sample of 185 showed that personal characteristics were significant, as was peer support from other Native Americans. (JHZ)

Kulig, Judith

1987-01-01

263

Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- The Chickasaw Dance Troupe performs an Honor Dance for John Herrington's parents during the Native American Ceremony at the Rocket Garden in the KSC Visitor Complex. The ceremony was part of several days' activities commemorating John B. Herrington as the first tribally enrolled Native American astronaut to fly on a Shuttle mission. Herrington is a Mission Specialist on STS-113.

2002-01-01

264

Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - Chickasaw Dance troupe member Tim Harjo (second from left) leads Joyce and James Herrington in a dance honoring their son, STS-113 Mission Specialist John Herrington. The dance was part of a Native American ceremony at the Rocket Garden in the KSC Visitor Complex commemorating Herrington as the first tribally enrolled Native American astronaut to fly on a Shuttle mission.

2002-01-01

265

Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- The Chickasaw Dance Troupe performs an Honor Dance during the Native American Ceremony at the Rocket Garden in the KSC Visitor Complex. The ceremony was part of several days' activities commemorating John B. Herrington as the first tribally enrolled Native American astronaut to fly on a Shuttle mission. Herrington is a Mission Specialist on STS-113.

2002-01-01

266

Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention in a Rural Native American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationally, the United States has a higher rate of teen pregnancy than any other industrialized nation. Native American youth have a higher birth rate than the national rate. A full-year healthy relationship program, based on Native American teachings, traditions, and cultural norms, was delivered to all eighth-grade students at a rural tribal…

Hagen, Janet W.; Skenandore, Alice H.; Scow, Beverly M.; Schanen, Jennifer G.; Clary, Frieda Hugo

2012-01-01

267

The Native American Learner and Bicultural Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explanations of natural phenomena within a traditional Native American context are often at odds with Western scientific philosophy and what is taught in school science. Herein lies a very real conflict between two distinctly different worldviews: the mutualistic/holistic-oriented worldview of Native American cultures and the…

Cajete, Gregory A.

268

It's about Family: Native American Student Persistence in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a study examining the similarities and differences between Native American student perceptions and the perceptions of state representatives, university presidents, and faculty about persistence factors and barriers to degree completion specific to Native American students at three land-grant universities in…

Guillory, Raphael M.; Wolverton, Mimi

2008-01-01

269

Native American Youth and Culturally Sensitive Interventions: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: A systematic evaluation of the effectiveness of culturally sensitive interventions (CSIs) with Native American youth was conducted. Method: Electronic bibliographic databases, Web sites, and manual searches were used to identify 11 outcome studies that examined CSI effectiveness with Native American youth. Results: This review found…

Jackson, Kelly F.; Hodge, David R.

2010-01-01

270

Gifted Native American Students: Literature, Lessons, and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national research agenda focused on gifted/creative/talented Native American students is needed, as this population remains one of the least researched, most overlooked, and most underserved in the field. Literature-based assumptions surrounding Native American students' talent development, culture and traditions, cognitive styles and…

Gentry, Marcia; Fugate, C. Matthew; Wu, Jiaxi; Castellano, Jaime A.

2014-01-01

271

Teaching Native American Students: What Every Teacher Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many Native American students have problems in traditional American schools--the dropout rate of these students indicates this. Research suggests that one reason may be a school district's neglect for the learning style or culture of this group. Research also suggests that traditional classroom environments often interfere with the way Native

Morgan, Hani

2010-01-01

272

Effective Teachers: Perceptions of Native American Students in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines perceptions of Native American students regarding effective practices of non-Native teachers. A survey of students in grades 3-12 in 3 rural school districts on the Navajo Reservation (Arizona) questioned 148 Navajo students and 10 non-Native students. The sample included 28 special needs students (17.7 percent). The survey…

Prater, Greg; And Others

273

75 FR 6081 - National African American History Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...shores, they have known the bitterness of slavery and oppression, the hope of progress, and the triumph of the American Dream. African American history is an essential thread of the American narrative that traces our Nation's enduring...

2010-02-05

274

Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - An elder of her Navaho tribe, Dorothy Cody shares the stage with her granddaughter Radmilla Cody (not shown), the 2001 Miss Navaho Nation, who is singing the 'Star Spangled Banner' in her native language during a pre-launch Native American ceremony. The ceremony was part of several days' activities commemorating John B. Herrington as the first tribally enrolled Native American astronaut to fly on a Shuttle mission. Herrington is a Mission Specialist on STS-113.

2002-01-01

275

Native American Studies at West Virginia University: Continuing the Interactions of Native and Appalachian People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Native American Studies program at West Virginia University, focusing on the Native American heritage of Appalachia, the program's mission statement, the university and community environment, the beginnings of the program in 1992, courses offered, faculty and their activities, related students groups and mentoring, program support…

High, Ellesa Clay; McNeil, Daniel W.

2001-01-01

276

Exemplar of Liberty: Native America and the Evolution of Democracy. Native American Politics Series No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on the historical record and primary sources, this book portrays how Native American political confederacies of the colonial era operated and how their organization and underlying principles influenced the founding fathers of U.S. political institutions. A complementary theme of this book is the intense debate about Native American

Grinde, Donald A., Jr.; Johansen, Bruce E.

277

Women of the Native Struggle. Portraits & Testimony of Native American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book portrays images and views of approximately 45 Native American women in their roles as mothers, grandmothers, tribal elders, teachers, preservers of traditional beliefs and practices, and leaders in the continuing struggle for survival. An introduction by Anna Lee Walter presents an overview of the modern Native American woman. In the…

Farley, Ronnie, Ed.

278

Teaching Experiences of African American Educators in the Rural South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A scarcity of research exists regarding the voices of African American teachers who taught in the rural South. In this study, we report the life experiences, perceptions, thoughts, and feelings of three female African American educators as they pertain to their experiences teaching before, during, and after desegregation. Three female African

Polidore, Ellene; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2010-01-01

279

Health Advantages of Ethnic Density for African American and Mexican American Elderly Individuals  

PubMed Central

Research suggests that greater ethnic density correlates with worse health among African Americans but better health among Hispanic Americans. These conflicting patterns may arise from Hispanic American samples being older than African American samples. We found that among 2367 Mexican American and 2790 African American participants older than 65 years, ethnic density predicted lower rates of cardiovascular disease and cancer, adjusting for covariates, showing that the health benefits of ethnic density apply to both minority communities.

Alvarez, Kimberly J.; Levy, Becca R.

2014-01-01

280

African-American Band Music and Recordings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, a number of African American musicians and bandleaders had garnered the attention of the music-going public, and names such as Eubie Blake and Scott Joplin remain familiar to this very day. This rather fine online collection offered by the Library of Congress's Performing Arts division brings together a number of so-called "stock" arrangements for bands or small orchestras written by African Americans during that period. Visitors to the site should start by reading one of the four informative essays offered here, and then search through the actual music. There are over 206 pieces of music here, including "After the Cake Walk" from 1901 and the 1905 number, "Banana Man". Additionally, visitors can read any number of composer and bandleader biographies.

281

Postpartum depression among African-American women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the nature of postpartum depression (PPD) among African-American women. Twelve women, who had experienced PPD within the last three years, were interviewed for approximately one hour at two intervals. Nudist-4 software and the constant comparative method were used to analyze the data. Five themes "Stressing Out," "Feeling Down," "Losing It," "Seeking Help," and "Feeling Better" represented aspects of PPD as experienced by the participants. The last theme, "Dealing with It," represented the cultural ways in which African-American mothers managed their depression. These included Keeping the Faith, Trying to Be a Strong Black Woman, Living with Myths, and Keeping Secrets. Suggestions for future directions in nursing research are included. PMID:12623687

Amankwaa, Linda Clark

2003-01-01

282

African-American Poetry, 1760-1900  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Utilizing software developed at the University of Chicago, this online database of African-American poetry is a fine resource for people looking for a compendium of poems by numerous notable 18th and 19th century African-American poets. First-time users will want to read the users manual, which explains the software used to design the database, and how to best utilize the available search engine, which allows for a number of detailed searching methods. The database itself contains 12 million words from a total of 86 works. Visitors looking to browse the online works should consult the bibliography section, as it contains a detailed description of the authors and works covered within the database. Visitors familiar with this genre will note the inclusion of many notable poets, including Paul Dunbar, James Corrothers, and Albery Allson Whitman.

283

Free classification of American English dialects by native and non-native listeners  

PubMed Central

Most second language acquisition research focuses on linguistic structures, and less research has examined the acquisition of sociolinguistic patterns. The current study explored the perceptual classification of regional dialects of American English by native and non-native listeners using a free classification task. Results revealed similar classification strategies for the native and non-native listeners. However, the native listeners were more accurate overall than the non-native listeners. In addition, the non-native listeners were less able to make use of constellations of cues to accurately classify the talkers by dialect. However, the non-native listeners were able to attend to cues that were either phonologically or sociolinguistically relevant in their native language. These results suggest that non-native listeners can use information in the speech signal to classify talkers by regional dialect, but that their lack of signal-independent cultural knowledge about variation in the second language leads to less accurate classification performance.

Clopper, Cynthia G.; Bradlow, Ann R.

2009-01-01

284

78 FR 32243 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Native American Career and Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activities; Comment Request; Native American Career and Technical Education Program (NACTEP...Title of Collection: Native American Career and Technical Education Program (NACTEP...200. Abstract: The Native American Career and Technical Education Program...

2013-05-29

285

20 CFR 632.10 - Eligibility requirements for designation as a Native American grantee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for designation as a Native American grantee. 632.10 Section 632.10...Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.10 Eligibility requirements...for designation as a Native American grantee. (a) All funds...

2009-04-01

286

20 CFR 632.10 - Eligibility requirements for designation as a Native American grantee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for designation as a Native American grantee. 632.10 Section 632.10...Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.10 Eligibility requirements...for designation as a Native American grantee. (a) All funds...

2010-04-01

287

20 CFR 632.35 - Native American grantee contracts and subgrants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Native American grantee contracts and subgrants...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS...and Procedures § 632.35 Native American grantee contracts and...

2009-04-01

288

78 FR 21410 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000] Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...1988), of two meetings of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...1988), of two meetings of the Native American Graves Protection and...

2013-04-10

289

77 FR 57544 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 1996: Request...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5650-N-02] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Grant program authorized by the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2012-09-18

290

77 FR 74874 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-11848; 2200-1100-665] Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...of a telephonic meeting of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...of a telephonic meeting of the Native American Graves Protection and...

2012-12-18

291

20 CFR 632.35 - Native American grantee contracts and subgrants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Native American grantee contracts and subgrants...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS...and Procedures § 632.35 Native American grantee contracts and...

2010-04-01

292

78 FR 39539 - Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs By the authority vested...sustain prosperous and resilient Native American tribal governments, it is hereby...established the White House Council on Native American Affairs (Council). The...

2013-07-01

293

75 FR 29964 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-N-09] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-05-28

294

78 FR 25292 - Announcement of Funding Awards; Office of Native American Programs Training and Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Funding Awards; Office of Native American Programs Training and Technical...Year 2012 AGENCY: Office of Native American Programs, Office of Public and...Availability (NOFA) for the Office of Native American Programs Training and...

2013-04-30

295

75 FR 14390 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-C-07] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...announcing a meeting of the Native American Housing Assistance & Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-03-25

296

78 FR 27992 - Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated...given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...agency that has control of the Native American human remains and...

2013-05-13

297

75 FR 19920 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-N-08] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-04-16

298

78 FR 27078 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.550000] RIN 1024-AD99 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...regulations implementing the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...responsible for implementation of the Native American Graves Protection...

2013-05-09

299

75 FR 13243 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-N-06] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-03-19

300

76 FR 47228 - Redelegation of Authority to Office of Native American Program (ONAP) Area Office Administrators...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Redelegation of Authority to Office of Native American Program (ONAP) Area Office...Assistant Secretary for the Office of Native American Programs to perform program administration...Assistant Secretary for the Office of Native American Programs to redelegate such...

2011-08-04

301

77 FR 23196 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2200-1100-665] RIN 1024-AD99 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...responsible for implementation of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...revise the rules implementing the Native American [[Page 23197

2012-04-18

302

76 FR 39007 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations- Definition of “Indian Tribe”  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...43 CFR Part 10 RIN 1024-AD98 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...regulations implementing the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...responsible for implementation of the Native American Graves Protection and...

2011-07-05

303

75 FR 36022 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-N-10] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-06-24

304

75 FR 7559 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5275-N-05] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2010-02-22

305

78 FR 27994 - Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated...given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...agency that has control of the Native American human remains and...

2013-05-13

306

75 FR 65030 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Nomination Solicitation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERIOR National Park Service Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...Service, Interior. ACTION: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...nominations for two members of the Native American Graves Protection and...

2010-10-21

307

77 FR 12875 - Proposed Information Collection; Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Regulations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection; Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...Control Number ``1024- 0144, Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...INFORMATION: I. Abstract The Native American Graves Protection and...

2012-03-02

308

77 FR 65407 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Notice of Nomination...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-11264; 2200-1100-665] Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...nominations for one member of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...Designated Federal Officer, Native American Graves Protection and...

2012-10-26

309

77 FR 4822 - Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative: Designation of an Approved Native American Tribal Card...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Designation of an Approved Native American Tribal Card Issued by the Kootenai...is designating an approved Native American Tribal Card issued by the Kootenai...or adjacent islands \\1\\ is a Native American Tribal Card that has been...

2012-01-31

310

Cancer and the African American Experience PDF  

Cancer.gov

African Americans bear an unequal burden of cancer. This is caused by a complex interplay of socio-economic, cultural, environmental, and biologic factors; the result is the persistence of inequalities in cancer care outcomes. These disparities encompass the entire spectrum of care, from screening and prevention activities, through diagnosis and treatment, to palliative and end of life care. Clinicians should be aware that concepts of race and ethnicity are social and political constructs, without a direct relationship to biology and genetics.

311

Adiponectin and Leptin in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:African Americans (AAs) have less visceral and more subcutaneous fat than whites, thus the relationship of adiponectin and leptin to body fat and insulin sensitivity in AA may be different from that in whites.Methods and Procedures:Sixty-nine non-diabetic AA (37 men and 32 women), aged 33 ± 1 year participated. The percent fat was determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, abdominal visceral

Robert V. Considine; Ahalya Premkumar; James C. Reynolds; Nancy G. Sebring; Madia Ricks; Anne E. Sumner

2008-01-01

312

Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trichomonas vaginalis may be emerging as one of the most important cofac- tors in amplifying HIV transmission, particularly in African-American communi- ties of the United States. In a person co-infected with HIV, the pathology induced by T. vaginalis infection can increase HIV shedding. Trichomonas infection may also act to expand the portal of entry for HIV in an HIV-negative person.

Frank Sorvillo; Lisa Smith; Peter Kerndt; H Lawrence Ash

2001-01-01

313

African American Women in Iowa Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fruitful collaboration between the Iowa Women's Archive and the African American Historical Museum and Cultural Center of Iowa has produced this enlightening website containing over 200 items including links to "scrapbooks," "photographs," "pamphlets" "oral histories" and "newsletters." The "Recent Additions" area allows visitors to click on any of the thumbnails in the line up of items shown, to see the image enlarged. By simply double clicking on the thumbnail, users can also access bibliographic data about the item.

314

Conceptualizing the African American Mathematics Teacher as a Key Figure in the African American Education Historical Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Historians and researchers have documented and explored the work and role of African American teachers in the U.S. educational system, yet there has been limited attention to the specific work, role, and experiences of African American mathematics teachers. To meaningfully and responsibly conceptualize the role of African

Clark, Lawrence M.; Jones Frank, Toya; Davis, Julius

2013-01-01

315

Genetic ancestry and indigenous heritage in a Native American descendant community in Bermuda.  

PubMed

Discovered in the early 16th century by European colonists, Bermuda is an isolated set of islands located in the mid-Atlantic. Shortly after its discovery, Bermuda became the first English colony to forcibly import its labor by trafficking in enslaved Africans, white ethnic minorities, and indigenous Americans. Oral traditions circulating today among contemporary tribes from the northeastern United States recount these same events, while, in Bermuda, St. David's Islanders consider their histories to be linked to a complex Native American, European, and African past. To investigate the influence of historical events on biological ancestry and native cultural identity, we analyzed genetic variation in 111 members of Bermuda's self-proclaimed St. David's Island Native Community. Our results reveal that the majority of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and Y-chromosome haplotypes are of African and West Eurasian origin. However, unlike other English-speaking New World colonies, most African mtDNA haplotypes appear to derive from central and southeast Africa, reflecting the extent of maritime activities in the region. In light of genealogical and oral historical data from the St. David's community, the low frequency of Native American mtDNA and NRY lineages may reflect the influence of genetic drift, the demographic impact of European colonization, and historical admixture with persons of non-native backgrounds, which began with the settlement of the islands. By comparing the genetic data with genealogical and historical information, we are able to reconstruct the complex history of this Bermudian community, which is unique among New World populations. PMID:21994016

Gaieski, Jill B; Owings, Amanda C; Vilar, Miguel G; Dulik, Matthew C; Gaieski, David F; Gittelman, Rachel M; Lindo, John; Gau, Lydia; Schurr, Theodore G

2011-11-01

316

Sexual assault services coverage on native american land.  

PubMed

Native American women experience higher rates of sexual assault than other women in the United States, yet there is limited information on the accessibility of forensic services for Native American victims of sexual violence. This study used geographic information systems technology to map known sexual assault examiner (SAE) and sexual assault response team (SART) programs in the United States (n = 873) in proximity to 650 census-designated Native American lands. Analysis was repeated for 29 Indian Health Service and tribal-operated facilities that self-identified that they provide sexual assault examinations. Network analysis showed that 30.7% of Native American land is within a 60-minute driving distance of a facility offering SAE or SART services. Indian Health Service and tribal-operated facilities increased accessibility to SAE services on 35 Native American lands. This study shows gaps in coverage for more than two thirds of Native American lands, including 381 lands with no coverage, highlighting the need for expanded SAE and SART services near or on Native American land. PMID:24847872

Juraska, Ashley; Wood, Lindsey; Giroux, Jennifer; Wood, Eric

2014-01-01

317

77 FR 33595 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...8832 of June 1, 2012 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012 By the President...long-cherished piece of American culture, music offers a vibrant soundtrack to the story...tradition, and during African-American Music Appreciation Month, we pay special...

2012-06-07

318

Racism as a stressor for African Americans: A biopsychosocial model  

Microsoft Academic Search

iven the historical and contemporary existence of racism in American society, one might suspect there would be an equally substantial literature examining the effects of racism on African Americans. Yet, research exploring the biological, psychological, and social effects of racism among African Americans is virtually nonexistent. The purpose of this article was threefold: (a) to provide a brief overview of

Rodney Clark; Norman B. Anderson; Vernessa R. Clark; David R. Williams

1999-01-01

319

The Future of African-Americans to the Year 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study considers the present condition of African-Americans and makes projections for the year 2000, emphasizing the relative conditions of European-Americans and African-Americans, and considering the public and private policy implications of these projections. Section 1, an overview of the subject, covers the following topics: (1) "The…

Congressional Task Force on the Future of African-Americans, Washington, DC.

320

Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms among African American Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18-34), middle (35-54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method: Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results: Discrimination was significantly…

Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

2011-01-01

321

Cultural Models of Education and Academic Performance for Native American and European American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the role of cultural representations of self (i.e., interdependence and independence) and positive relationships (i.e., trust for teachers) in academic performance (i.e., self-reported grades) for Native American ("N"?=?41) and European American ("N"?=?49) high school students. The Native American students endorsed…

Fryberg, Stephanie A.; Covarrubias, Rebecca; Burack, Jacob A.

2013-01-01

322

Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Seminole Native American Veterans serve as color guard during a pre-launch Native American ceremony at the Rocket Garden in the KSC Visitor Complex. David Nunez, U.S. Navy, carries the State of Florida Flag; David Stephen Bowers, U.S. Army, carries the Flag of the United States of America; Charles Billie Hiers, U.S. Marine Corps., carries the Seminole Tribe of Florida Flag. The ceremony was part of several days' activities commemorating John B. Herrington as the first tribally enrolled Native American astronaut to fly on a Shuttle mission. Herrington is a Mission Specialist on STS-113.

2002-01-01

323

African-Centered Education: An Approach to Schooling for Social Justice for African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay argues that offering African American students an African-centered education is one way to promote social justice in public education. We begin with a summary of the inadequate educations offered to many African American students, and then use philosophical interpretations of equal educational opportunity to delineate the requirements…

Marks, Jay B.; Tonso, Karen L.

2006-01-01

324

Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder in African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in African American youth. Tackling the myths and misinformation\\u000a surrounding ADHD in the African American community can be one of the most difficult issues in mental illness circles. There\\u000a is a lot of conflicting information about how African Americans are diagnosed, examined, and treated. This article clarifies\\u000a some of the misconceptions and offers some

Rahn K. Bailey; Shahid Ali; Shagufta Jabeen; Hilary Akpudo; Jaymie U. Avenido; Theresa Bailey; Jessica Lyons; Amelia A. Whitehead

2010-01-01

325

A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans.BackgroundThere is substantial evidence for a genetic contribution to diabetic nephropathy susceptibility in the African American population, but little is known about location or identity of susceptibility genes.MethodsDNA samples were collected from 206 type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD)\\/nephropathy-affected sib pairs from 166 African American families (355 affected individuals).

DONALD W BOWDEN; CARLA J COLICIGNO; CARL D LANGEFELD; MICHÈLE M SALE; ADRIENNE WILLIAMS; PAMELA J ANDERSON; STEPHEN S RICH; BARRY I FREEDMAN

2004-01-01

326

Perspectives from the historic African American medical institutions.  

PubMed

The historically African American medical schools have been at the center of medical education for African American physicians in the United States since the Howard University College of Medicine opened in 1868. Although there were more than a dozen African American medical schools established during the next few decades, as propriety or church affiliated schools, only two survived the Flexner Report in 1910. Howard University (1868) and Meharry (1876) survived and trained generations of African Americans. These two schools educated approximately 85% of all African American physicians whereas the majority medical schools educated 15% for more than half of the twentieth century. As the result of a series of lawsuits filed by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, civil rights legislation and affirmative action programs, the numbers of the schools that now admitted African Americans increased and the total numbers of African American medical students increased when discrimination was prohibited in 1966. The percentage of African American medical students attending predominantly white institutions increased by 25% in 1948, by 47% in 1968, by 61% in 1983 and to 84% in 1990. Two additional predominantly African American medical schools were established: the Charles R. Drew Medical School, Los Angeles (affiliated with the University of California, Los Angeles) in 1966, and Morehouse Medical School, Atlanta, which admitted its first class in 1978. Recent court decisions prohibiting schools from considering race as factor in admission and the end of affirmative action programs have resulted in a drop in total minority enrollment. The historically African American medical schools, that admitted approximately 15% of the African American medical students during the era of affirmative action programs, will see this percentage decrease as the majority institutions admit fewer African American medical students and minority students. In the United States this trend already has been observed in admission data and graduation data for 1996 and 1997. PMID:10335286

Epps, C H

1999-05-01

327

The landscape of recombination in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Recombination, together with mutation, is the ultimate source of genetic variation in populations. We leverage the recent mixture of people of African and European ancestry in the Americas to build a genetic map measuring the probability of crossing-over at each position in the genome, based on about 2.1 million crossovers in 30,000 unrelated African Americans. At intervals of more than three megabases it is nearly identical to a map built in Europeans. At finer scales it differs significantly, and we identify about 2,500 recombination hotspots that are active in people of West African ancestry but nearly inactive in Europeans. The probability of a crossover at these hotspots is almost fully controlled by the alleles an individual carries at PRDM9 (P<10?245). We identify a 17 base pair DNA sequence motif that is enriched in these hotspots, and is an excellent match to the predicted binding target of African-enriched alleles of PRDM9.

Hinch, Anjali G.; Tandon, Arti; Patterson, Nick; Song, Yunli; Rohland, Nadin; Palmer, Cameron D.; Chen, Gary K.; Wang, Kai; Buxbaum, Sarah G.; Akylbekova, Meggie; Aldrich, Melinda C.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; Amos, Christopher; Bandera, Elisa V.; Berndt, Sonja I.; Bernstein, Leslie; Blot, William J.; Bock, Cathryn H.; Boerwinkle, Eric; Cai, Qiuyin; Caporaso, Neil; Casey, Graham; Cupples, L. Adrienne; Deming, Sandra L.; Diver, W. Ryan; Divers, Jasmin; Fornage, Myriam; Gillanders, Elizabeth M.; Glessner, Joseph; Harris, Curtis C.; Hu, Jennifer J.; Ingles, Sue A.; Isaacs, Williams; John, Esther M.; Kao, W. H. Linda; Keating, Brendan; Kittles, Rick A.; Kolonel, Laurence N.; Larkin, Emma; Le Marchand, Loic; McNeill, Lorna H.; Millikan, Robert C.; Murphy, Adam; Musani, Solomon; Neslund-Dudas, Christine; Nyante, Sarah; Papanicolaou, George J.; Press, Michael F.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Reiner, Alex P.; Rich, Stephen S.; Rodriguez-Gil, Jorge L.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Rybicki, Benjamin A.; Schwartz, Ann G.; Signorello, Lisa B.; Spitz, Margaret; Strom, Sara S.; Thun, Michael J.; Tucker, Margaret A.; Wang, Zhaoming; Wiencke, John K.; Witte, John S.; Wrensch, Margaret; Wu, Xifeng; Yamamura, Yuko; Zanetti, Krista A.; Zheng, Wei; Ziegler, Regina G.; Zhu, Xiaofeng; Redline, Susan; Hirschhorn, Joel N.; Henderson, Brian E.; Taylor, Herman A.; Price, Alkes L.; Hakonarson, Hakon; Chanock, Stephen J.; Haiman, Christopher A.; Wilson, James G.; Reich, David; Myers, Simon R.

2011-01-01

328

75 FR 68026 - Native American CDFI Assistance (NACA) Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Community Development Financial Institutions Fund Native American...score on the Financial Health and Viability...score on the Management section. In...Insured Depository Institutions and Insured Credit...Applicant's financial safety and...

2010-11-04

329

78 FR 60861 - Native American Tribal Insignia Database  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office Native American Tribal Insignia Database ACTION: Proposed collection; comment...maintain an accurate and comprehensive database containing the official insignia of all...Appropriations directed the USPTO to create this database. The USPTO database of official...

2013-10-02

330

75 FR 65611 - Native American Tribal Insignia Database  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office Native American Tribal Insignia Database ACTION: Proposed collection; comment...maintain an accurate and comprehensive database containing the official insignia of all...Appropriations directed the USPTO to create this database. The USPTO database of official...

2010-10-26

331

78 FR 66619 - National Native American Heritage Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the United States of America A Proclamation From Alaskan mountain peaks to the Argentinian pampas to the rocky shores of Newfoundland, Native Americans were the first to carve out cities, domesticate crops, and establish great civilizations. When...

2013-11-05

332

Characteristics of Native American WIC Participants, On and Off Reservations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study describes Native American participation in the WIC Program. The study is based on data collected by the biennial WIC Participant and Program Characteristics Studies in 1992, 1994, 1996, and 1998. WIC is the Special Supplemental Nutrition Progra...

N. Cole

2002-01-01

333

The Native American Astrobiology in the Secondary Classroom Initiative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astrobiology as a platform to engage Native American K-12 Students into the sciences and mathematics with the intent of helping them change any negative views of science and mathematics into possible future educational goals and career paths.

Berthelson, M.; Morales, C.; Ceballos, M.

2010-04-01

334

Cultural Variation in the Social Organization of Problem Solving Among African American and European American Siblings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the social organization of a problem-solving task among 15 African American and 15 European American sibling pairs. The 30 sibling pairs between the ages of 6 and 12 were video recorded constructing a marble track together during a home visit. African American siblings were observed to collaborate more often than European American siblings who were more likely

Daniel Budak; Pablo Chavajay

2012-01-01

335

Native Waters: An American Indian Water Resource Education Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This community education initiative supports the efforts of Native American tribal leaders, educators, and students to develop contemporary, scientifically accurate, and culturally sensitive water education resources, programs, and networking opportunities. A traveling exhibit provides a Native American point of view on protection and conservation of water resources. A teachers' guide is provided to accompany the exhibit. Other materials include learning opportunities for students and educators, news articles, publications, scholarship information, and links to related information.

2004-01-01

336

Characterization of the African-American Male in Literature by African-American Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

African-American women' s literature has earned considerable recognition since the 1970's, due in large part to the critical acclaim and popular success of authors such as Toni Morrison, Alice Walker, and Terry McMillan. With that attention has come a wav...

C. E. Magee

1995-01-01

337

Varied Voices: Representations of African-American Language in Children's Picture Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the various representations of African American language found in contemporary children's picture books. Focuses on dialect, how varied African American language is, and how closely African American language is tied to the psychology of oppression. (TB)

Nikola-Lisa, W.

1995-01-01

338

Bridging Native American Culture and Chemistry: Gas Chromatography Experiments That Examine Native Foods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three chemistry experiments that link common foodstuffs traditionally and currently harvested by Native Americans in different parts of North America to modern chemical instrumentation and discovery methods. (CCM)

Sykes, Andrew G.; Caple, Gerald

1999-01-01

339

Violence Prevention Among African American Adolescent Males  

PubMed Central

Objective To test psychosocial mediators of the effects of an intervention in reducing the rate of growth of violence among adolescents. Method Five hundred and seventy-one African American adolescent males participated in this randomized trial. Multilevel modeling techniques were used to ascertain both intervention and mediated effects. Results Intervention significantly reduced rate of growth of violence and 5 social and psychological factors in the treatment group relative to the control group. Four of these social and psychological factors were found to be complete mediators between the intervention and its preventive effects. Conclusion Changing psychological mediating variables is central to reducing youth violence.

Ngwe, Job E.; Liu, Li C.; Flay, Brian R.; Segawa, Eisuke

2009-01-01

340

American Indian, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Education in the States. StateNotes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State policies pertaining to the education of American Indian, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian students vary considerably in their scope and type among the states. This StateNote report examines policies found in state statutes. Additionally, states that have tribal colleges--independent colleges that are operated by the tribes--within their…

Zinth, Kyle

2006-01-01

341

Native Americans in the Health Professions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dr. George Blue Spruce, Jr., who became the first American Indian dentist in 1956, shares his views on health professions for Indian young people, as well as his own experiences. Resources for prospective dental students, information on the Society of American Indian Dentists, and inspiring stories of American Indian healers are provided. (CDS)

Westberg, Jane; Blue Spruce, George, Jr.

1999-01-01

342

How Native American Success and Leadership Is Cultivated at the Corporate Level: A Native American Employee Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Chippewa-Cree engineer helps educate Native American college students on how to adjust to the corporate environment and become successful employees and leaders. Issues include differences between Native and corporate cultures, impact of cultural differences on group dynamics, business etiquette, and the importance of workplace mentors. Corporate…

One Feather, Sandra

2003-01-01

343

For the Administrator: Realities for the Native American and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For historical, cultural and sociological reasons, the American Indian's own perspective has been missing from the discussion on Indian education. Historically, White American government, education, literature, and entertainment have all played roles in the annihilation of Native communities and cultures. As children, Midwestern Indians born…

Bold Warrior, Sherman

344

Correlates and Predictors of Binge Eating among Native American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Obesity and being overweight, as determined by body mass index (BMI), each continues to be of concern for many Native American/American Indians (NA/AI). According to the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders," binge eating is excessive eating or consuming large quantities of food over a short period of time and has been associated…

Clark, Julie Dorton; Winterowd, Carrie

2012-01-01

345

Encouraging Post-Secondary Native American Student Persistence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Native American students are the most likely racial/ethnic group tracked in post-secondary American education to be affected by poverty and limited access to educational opportunities. In addition, they are the most likely to be required to take remedial course work and are the least likely to graduate from college. A review of the literature was…

Mosholder, Richard; Waite, Bryan; Goslin, Chris

2011-01-01

346

Promoting Resiliency among Native American Students to Prevent Dropouts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief review of the literature on resiliency and highlights aspects from a resiliency of American Indian high school students. Current efforts to promote student resiliency for successful educational outcomes are addressed in light of educational outcomes, such as dropout rates, for Native American students. Further, a…

Thornton, Bill; Sanchez, Jafeth E.

2010-01-01

347

Reconstructing Native American migrations from whole-genome and whole-exome data.  

PubMed

There is great scientific and popular interest in understanding the genetic history of populations in the Americas. We wish to understand when different regions of the continent were inhabited, where settlers came from, and how current inhabitants relate genetically to earlier populations. Recent studies unraveled parts of the genetic history of the continent using genotyping arrays and uniparental markers. The 1000 Genomes Project provides a unique opportunity for improving our understanding of population genetic history by providing over a hundred sequenced low coverage genomes and exomes from Colombian (CLM), Mexican-American (MXL), and Puerto Rican (PUR) populations. Here, we explore the genomic contributions of African, European, and especially Native American ancestry to these populations. Estimated Native American ancestry is 48% in MXL, 25% in CLM, and 13% in PUR. Native American ancestry in PUR is most closely related to populations surrounding the Orinoco River basin, confirming the Southern American ancestry of the Taíno people of the Caribbean. We present new methods to estimate the allele frequencies in the Native American fraction of the populations, and model their distribution using a demographic model for three ancestral Native American populations. These ancestral populations likely split in close succession: the most likely scenario, based on a peopling of the Americas 16 thousand years ago (kya), supports that the MXL Ancestors split 12.2kya, with a subsequent split of the ancestors to CLM and PUR 11.7kya. The model also features effective populations of 62,000 in Mexico, 8,700 in Colombia, and 1,900 in Puerto Rico. Modeling Identity-by-descent (IBD) and ancestry tract length, we show that post-contact populations also differ markedly in their effective sizes and migration patterns, with Puerto Rico showing the smallest effective size and the earlier migration from Europe. Finally, we compare IBD and ancestry assignments to find evidence for relatedness among European founders to the three populations. PMID:24385924

Gravel, Simon; Zakharia, Fouad; Moreno-Estrada, Andres; Byrnes, Jake K; Muzzio, Marina; Rodriguez-Flores, Juan L; Kenny, Eimear E; Gignoux, Christopher R; Maples, Brian K; Guiblet, Wilfried; Dutil, Julie; Via, Marc; Sandoval, Karla; Bedoya, Gabriel; Oleksyk, Taras K; Ruiz-Linares, Andres; Burchard, Esteban G; Martinez-Cruzado, Juan Carlos; Bustamante, Carlos D

2013-12-01

348

HIV Treatment in African Americans: Challenges and Opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the current standard of care for HIV infection as well as how health disparities in the HIV care of African Americans present challenges for both providers and patients. The potential side effects in these antiretroviral treatment regimens that may be a source of additional challenges in treating African Americans are highlighted. A brief review of these issues

Victoria A. Cargill; Valerie E. Stone; M. Renee Robinson

2004-01-01

349

African American Street Gangs: A Quest for Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the phenomenon of African American street gangs. It examines the scope of the gang problem, gives a historical review of gangs in America, and examines gang activity and membership for African American youth. Some of the causes for gang formation are delineated, and comprehensive programs for addressing the gang problem are proposed.

Jerome L. Blakemore; Glenda M. Blakemore

1998-01-01

350

Teaching African-American History in the Age of Obama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author proposed a spring course on major topics in African-American history, drawing a large enrollment was her chief concern. She had previously taught the course under a different title at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, a campus with a sizable African-American presence among students and faculty members. She now teaches…

Millward, Jessica

2009-01-01

351

A Snapshot of African Americans in Higher Education. Mini Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recognition of national African-American History Month, the Institute for Higher Education Policy wishes to highlight the trends and present-day experiences of African-American college students. Recognizing that the society benefits tremendously from an educated citizenry, there must be a renewed commitment to ensuring educational opportunity,…

Institute for Higher Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

352

General Dissociation Scale and Hypnotizability with African American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of the General Dissociation Scale with African American college students, and provide additional data on how to assess hypnotizability with these students. Two-hundred and two undergraduate African American college students participated in this study. Students completed the HGSHS:A, a measure…

Sapp, Marty; Hitchcock, Kim

353

African-American College Students' Perceptions Of Sexual Coercion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the phenomenon of sexual coercion has been studied extensively, little is known about African-American college students' perceptions about verbal sexual coercion. Using a phenomenological approach, the researchers conducted five focus group interviews with 39 African-American students (20 females, 19 males) at a large Midwestern university…

Mouzon, LaTonya D.; Battle, Alicia; Clark, Kevin P.; Coleman, Stephanie; Ogletree, Roberta J.

2005-01-01

354

Multiculturalism, Diversity, and African American College Students: Receptive, Yet Skeptical?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hypothesized that African American college students with higher racial self-esteem would be more open to diversity and multiculturalism than students with lower racial self-esteem. Surveys indicated that most students valued diversity-oriented courses, though most also believed that diversity courses were biased against African Americans. Students…

Ervin, Kelly S.

2001-01-01

355

AFRICAN AMERICAN THEATERS IN GEORGIA: PRESERVING AN ENTERTAINMENT LEGACY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many African American theaters built in the early twentieth century have been destroyed. This thesis looks at four African American theaters in Georgia that have been preserved or are in the process of being preserved. It looks at the history of the theaters and at how preservationists took, or are taking, the initiative to restore these entertainment palaces. The restoration

JASON L. ELLERBEE

356

Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.

357

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial…

Combs, Dennis R.; Penn, David L.; Cassisi, Jeffrey; Michael, Chris; Wood, Terry; Wanner, Jill; Adams, Scott

2006-01-01

358

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia Among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial to measure paranoia on a continuum, but few

Dennis R. Combs; David L. Penn; Jeffrey Cassisi; Chris Michael; Terry Wood; Jill Wanner; Scott Adams

2006-01-01

359

Beyond Statistics: African American Male Persistence in Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative case study that consists of six African American male participants is to examine, describe, and analyze African American male persistence factors at a community college in the midwest of the United States. The study uses qualitative content analysis as a research method that provides a systematic and objective means…

Dickens, Manuel Dewayne

2012-01-01

360

Family Influences on Racial Identity among African American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of parental efficacy, family coping, and adaptive family functioning on the development of racial identity among African American youth. Fifty-two African American parent-child dyads were participants. Results of a hierarchical regression revealed family adaptability and family cognitive…

Townsend, Tiffany; Lanphier, Erin

2007-01-01

361

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history…

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

362

Designing Effective Library Services for African American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Obama signed the "White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for African Americans" on July 26, 2012. This executive order recognizes that many "African Americans lack equal access to highly effective teachers and principals, safe schools, and challenging college preparatory classes, and disproportionately experience…

Hughes-Hassell, Sandra

2013-01-01

363

75 FR 32075 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...8527 of May 28, 2010 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation Music can tell a story, assuage our sorrows...including the African- American community, music unites individuals through a shared...

2010-06-07

364

76 FR 32851 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...8684 of May 31, 2011 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation The music of our Nation has always spoken to the...shared values. During African-American Music Appreciation Month, we honor the...

2011-06-07

365

Plenary-AA : Cancer and the African American Experience  

Cancer.gov

The first plenary of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study: Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans explores the many factors that lead to inequalities in cancer care outcomes for African Americans.

366

Stalling Out: The Relative Progress of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The socioeconomic progress of African Americans appears to be in a stalled state. This study analyzes the progress of African Americans toward parity with Whites over a 15- to 20-year period in the following areas: (1) employment; (2) economic development; (3) education; (4) health; (5) housing; and (6) political empowerment. For individual…

Tidwell, Billy J.

367

African Americans' Reactions to Diversity Programs: Does Procedural Justice Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used an organizational justice approach to examine workforce diversity programs and their potential effects on attitudes of African American beneficiaries through data from 66 African American undergraduates. Beneficiaries were more concerned about adequate procedural justification for the decision to hire them under a diversity program than the…

Richard, Orlando C.; Kirby, Susan L.

1997-01-01

368

Social Achievement Goals: Validation among Rural African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little extant research attempts to understand why rural African Americans engage in social relationships with peers in school. This is somewhat surprising as rural students' peer interactions often affect their scholastic desires, and peers can alter African Americans' academic performance. Hence, the current study examined both the…

Jones, Martin H.; Mueller, Christian E.; Royal, Kenneth D.; Shim, Sungok Serena; Hart, Caroline O.

2013-01-01

369

Correlations of cardiovascular disease risk factors between African American siblings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This study examines intrasibling correlations at 2 points during childhood for African American siblings with the same father, different fathers, a father present in the home, and no father present in the home.Study design: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors were assessed in 267 pairs of African American siblings (visit 1) and in 79 of these siblings approximately 28 months

Ronald J Iannotti; Alan E Zuckerman; Nader Rifai

2000-01-01

370

Dimensions of Academic Contingencies among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from existing literature, the authors conceptualized a two-dimensional framework of African American students' academic contingencies of self-worth. The results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses with a sample of African American college freshmen (N = 330) supported this prediction. Self-Worth Dependent academic…

Griffin, Tiffany Monique; Chavous, Tabbye; Cogburn, Courtney; Branch, LaToya; Sellers, Robert

2012-01-01

371

Community violence and sociomoral development: an African American cultural perspective.  

PubMed

This review considers the impact of exposure to community violence on sociomoral development within the African American community. Common sequelae of covictimization, as well as cultural experiences of the African American community, frame a discussion of the implications of covictimization for the development of moral reasoning. Recommendations for future research and intervention are provided. PMID:12769239

Kuther, Tara L; Wallace, Scyatta A

2003-04-01

372

School Programs for African-American Male Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently developed school programs for African-American male students give strong gender and cultural identity; strengthen social skills, discipline, and self-esteem; and redefine the "manly" African American. Some programs have faced legal and political obstacles. Early evidence of modest success is clear, but the long-term efficacy is unclear.…

Ascher, Carol

1991-01-01

373

African-American Grandmothers as Health Educators in the Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 18,000 adolescents die each year in the United States from bicycle, motorcycle, car, and truck accidents. This study sought to understand the role of African-American grandmothers as prevention-oriented health educators in the family. Full Model Fitted Regression Analyses were conducted on a sample of African-American grandmothers (N =…

Watson, Jeffrey A.; Randolph, Suzanne M.; Lyons, James L.

2005-01-01

374

Sleeping Beauty Redefined: African American Girls in Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the interests, perceptions, and participation of 16 African American girls in a program designed to improve girls' persistence in science, mathematics, and technology (SMT). The girls are among 33 African American and 73 total original participants in "Rural and Urban Images: Voices of Girls in Science, Mathematics, and…

Kusimo, Patricia S.

375

Perceived Peer Norms and Sexual Intentions Among African American Preadolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research was to examine whether perceived peer dating and sexual experience norms are related to attitudes toward dating and sexual behavior and to precoital and sexual intentions among African American preadolescents. Participants included 1,046 African American youth aged 9-12 years (M = 10.57 years). Youth completed a…

Wallace, Scyatta A.; Miller, Kim S.; Forehand, Rex

2008-01-01

376

Board Books Featuring African Americans: Vanishing but Not Entirely Gone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of infant and toddler board books (books printed on heavy cardboard and laminated for durability) featuring African Americans and published from 1990 to 2002. Provides a brief overview of the development of board books in general, and suggests criteria for evaluating board books that feature African Americans in…

Mongo, Jonella A.

2002-01-01

377

Retaining African-American Students through the Freshman Seminar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the success of the Freshman Seminar Program at the University of South Carolina, designed to retain African-American students. Discusses the personal and social development needs of African-American students and how the Freshman Seminar contributes to their development. Presents data showing retention results. (MAB)

Fidler, Paul P.; Godwin, Margi A.

1994-01-01

378

Communicative Functions of African American Head Start Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds are more often over- and underreferred for special education services than children from the mainstream culture. In fact, African American children, particularly boys, are more likely to be expelled from preschool programs. Differences in African American communication styles may be…

Hwa-Froelich, Deborah; Kasambira, Danai C.; Moleski, Amy Marie

2007-01-01

379

Psychosocial Correlates of Smoking Trajectories Among Urban African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known of smoking trajectories or of the correlates of smoking trajectories among African American youth. Ninth-grade African American adolescents (n = 566) were interviewed in Year 1 and then were subsequently interviewed annually for 3 additional years. Five trajectories of cigarette smokers were identified: abstainers,…

Fergus, Stevenson; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Caldwell, Cleopatra H.

2005-01-01

380

African Americans Respond Poorly to Hepatitis C Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans have a significantly lower response rate to treatment for chronic hepatitis C than non-Hispanic Whites, according to a new study led by Duke University Medical Center researchers. Some African Americans--19 percent--did respond to the drug combination of peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin. But in non-Hispanic Whites with the…

Black Issues in Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

381

Building on Strengths: Intergenerational Practice with African American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intergenerational kinship and multigenerational families (three or more generations) have been a source of strength for African Americans. This article presents a culturally responsive intergenerational practice model for working with African American families that draws on this legacy. The model looks at intergenerational kinship and…

Waites, Cheryl

2009-01-01

382

Counseling Groups for African American Women: A Focus on Spirituality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains cultural and spiritual traditions within African American women's experience that form the foundation for group counseling strategies. Reviews literature regarding African American women's experience in groups. Explains group interventions such as art, music, dance, imagery, journaling, and rituals that can help transcend, empower, and…

Williams, Carmen Braun; Frame, Marsha Wiggins; Green, Evelyn

1999-01-01

383

Enriching Inclusive Learning: African Americans in Historic Costume  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educating students to embrace diversity and value all people is a core value of educators in family and consumer sciences (FCS). For instructors in FCS, integrating the contributions of African Americans--particularly in textiles and clothing--can be an inclusive learning opportunity. The authors compiled resources on African Americans and…

Ratute, Ashley; Marcketti, Sara B.

2009-01-01

384

These Hallowed Halls: African American Women College and University Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early laws prohibited African Americans from learning to read and write in the United States. The right to an education has produced a significant number of African American women acquiring higher education. Racial and gender diversity at the presidential level in higher education 4-year institutions appears to be changing rapidly. The data…

Bates, Gerri

2007-01-01

385

The College Life Experiences of African American Women Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study provides a descriptive analysis of four areas of African American women student athletes' college life experiences: academic performance; alienation and abuse; perceived social advantage as the result of athletics; and life satisfaction. Multivariate comparisons were made between the four areas of college life experiences of 154 African American women student athletes and 793 White women student athletes,

Robert M. Sellers; Gabriel P. Kuperminc; Alphonse Damas

1997-01-01

386

Clustering of Risk Behaviours among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Individuals may engage in more than one risk behaviour at any given time. The extent to which risk behaviours cluster among African American adults has been largely unexplored. This study examined the prevalence and clustering of three risk behaviours among African American church members: smoking; low moderate-to-vigorous intensity…

Baruth, M.; Addy, C. L.; Wilcox, S.; Dowda, M.

2012-01-01

387

Food Group Categories of Low-Income African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Describe lay food group categories of low-income African American women and assess the overlap of lay food groups and MyPyramid food groups. Design: A convenience sample of African American mothers from a low-income Chicago neighborhood performed a card-sorting task in which they grouped familiar food items into food groups. Setting:…

Lynch, Elizabeth B.; Holmes, Shane

2011-01-01

388

Developing culturally sensitive cancer genetics communication aids for African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this project was to develop educational materials to communicate gene- tic health information in a culturally sensi- tive manner. These materials were designed to communicate information about cancer risk, genetic testing options, and health management options in an African American kindred with a known BRCA1 mutation. Educational materials were pilot-tested in four African American focus groups varying

Bonnie Jeanne Baty; Anita Yeomans Kinney; Sara Marie Ellis

2003-01-01

389

African-American Attitudes towards United States Immigration Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores attitudes of African Americans about U.S. immigration policy, from slavery to the present. Fourteen contemporary polls reveal a long-standing preference among blacks in the United States for restricting immigration rather than maintaining or increasing it, in spite of beliefs that make it difficult for African Americans to see the…

Diamond, Jeff

1998-01-01

390

The Relationship between African American Enculturation and Racial Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how predictive the Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS; B. J. Vandiver, W. E. Cross, F. C. Worrell, & P. Fhagen-Smith, 2002), a measure of Black racial identity, was of African American cultural practices, beliefs, and attitudes (i.e., enculturation) as measured by the African American Acculturation Scale-33 (H. Landrine & E.…

Cokley, Kevin; Helm, Katherine

2007-01-01

391

Beta Blocker Therapy in African American Patients with Heart Failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from a number of clinical trials of beta blocker therapy in heart failure, although limited in the size of African American patients included, suggest that they achieve a similar benefit as Caucasians. African Americans were usually at higher risk when enrolled in all of these studies with a higher incidence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The only exception is

Sidney Goldstein

2004-01-01

392

Educating African American Males: Examining Teacher Perceptions and Cultural Interpretations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many decades, society has struggled with academic underachievement, particularly among African American males. Although a myriad of studies have identified significant causal factors of African American academic underachievement from the perspectives and circumstances of the student, limited studies focus on this problem from the perspective…

Rivers, Celeste A.

2010-01-01

393

Lessons Learned: Research within an Urban, African American District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning-making, and self-definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race…

Scott, Kimberly Ann

2012-01-01

394

Prospective Teachers Experiences Teaching Mathematics to African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an effort to provide prospective teachers opportunities to better understand African American male students and better focus on how they learn mathematics. Prospective teachers spent 15 hours over an eight week span mentoring and tutoring African American males without the guise of practicing teachers. Qualitative data drawn…

Sheppard, Peter

2009-01-01

395

Mesh diagram cephalometric norms for Americans of African descent  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to establish cephalometric norms for African-American males and females, to compare these measurements with the findings of Alexander's ?Alabama analysis,” and to construct mesh templates for various age groups. The sample we evaluated included 71 African-Americans, divided into four groups: girls (8 to 12 years), boys (8 to 12 years), adolescent females (13 to

Kathy L Bailey; Reginald W Taylor

1998-01-01

396

Effective Education of African American Exceptional Learners: New Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 11 author-contributed papers covering the theory and practice of effective assessment and instruction of African American students with exceptionalities, including both disabilities and giftedness. Emphasis is on effective delivery of empowering services to African American youth and their families. The first seven papers have…

Ford, Bridgie Alexis, Ed.; And Others

397

African Americans Who Teach German Language and Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large number of black scholars have pursued advanced degrees in the German language, history, and culture. Describes the history of African American interest in the German language and culture, highlighting various black scholars who have studied German over the years. Presents data on African Americans in German graduate programs and examines…

Fikes, Robert Jr.

2001-01-01

398

Correlates of African American Men's Sexual Schemas  

PubMed Central

Sexual schemas are cognitive representations of oneself as a sexual being and aid in the processing of sexually relevant information. We examined the relationship between sociosexuality (attitudes about casual sex), masculine ideology (attitudes toward traditional men and male roles), and cultural centrality (strength of identity with racial group) as significant psychosocial and sociocultural predictors in shaping young, heterosexual African American men's sexual schemas. A community sample (n=133) of men in a southeastern city of the United States completed quantitative self-report measures examining their attitudes and behavior related to casual sex, beliefs about masculinity, racial and cultural identity, and self-views of various sexual aspects of themselves. Results indicated that masculine ideology and cultural centrality were both positively related to men's sexual schemas. Cultural centrality explained 12 % of the variance in level of sexual schema, and had the strongest correlation of the predictor variables with sexual schema (r=.36). The need for more attention to the bidirectional relationships between masculinity, racial/cultural identity, and sexual schemas in prevention, intervention, and public health efforts for African American men is discussed.

Morales, Dawn A.; Coyne-Beasley, Tamera; St. Lawrence, Janet

2013-01-01

399

Culturally Specific Dance to Reduce Obesity in African American Women  

PubMed Central

This article provides evidence of a culturally specific dance intervention to decrease obesity as measured by body fat and body mass index (BMI) in African American women. A community partnership was formed with two African American churches to develop an intervention to address the issue of obesity. The culturally specific dance intervention was delivered two times per week for 8 weeks, choreographed to gospel music selected by the experimental group participants, and taught by an African American woman. Body fat and BMI were assessed at three time points and revealed significant differences between the two groups. Attending a minimum of 7 classes was enough to show an observed dose effect and the intervention was found to be culturally specific by understanding their roles as African American women. This community partnership was an effective way to promote a church-based, culturally specific dance intervention to improve the health of African American women.

Murrock, Carolyn J.; Gary, Faye A.

2013-01-01

400

Upper Palaeolithic Siberian genome reveals dual ancestry of Native Americans  

PubMed Central

The origins of the First Americans remain contentious. Although Native Americans seem to be genetically most closely related to east Asians1–3, there is no consensus with regard to which specific Old World populations they are closest to4–8. Here we sequence the draft genome of an approximately 24,000-year-old individual (MA-1), from Mal’ta in south-central Siberia9, to an average depth of 13. To our knowledge this is the oldest anatomically modern human genome reported to date. The MA-1 mitochondrial genome belongs to haplogroup U, which has also been found at high frequency among Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic European hunter-gatherers10–12, and the Y chromosome of MA-1 is basal to modern-day western Eurasians and near the root of most Native American lineages5. Similarly, we find autosomal evidence that MA-1 is basal to modern-day western Eurasians and genetically closely related to modern-day Native Americans, with no close affinity to east Asians. This suggests that populations related to contemporary western Eurasians had a more north-easterly distribution 24,000 years ago than commonly thought. Furthermore, we estimate that 14 to 38% of Native American ancestry may originate through gene flow from this ancient population. This is likely to have occurred after the divergence of Native American ancestors from east Asian ancestors, but before the diversification of Native American populations in the New World. Gene flow from the MA-1 lineage into Native American ancestors could explain why several crania from the First Americans have been reported as bearing morphological characteristics that do not resemble those of east Asians2,13. Sequencing of another south-central Siberian, Afontova Gora-2 dating to approximately 17,000 years ago14, revealed similar autosomal genetic signatures as MA-1, suggesting that the region was continuously occupied by humans throughout the Last Glacial Maximum. Our findings reveal that western Eurasian genetic signatures in modern-day Native Americans derive not only from post-Columbian admixture, as commonly thought, but also from a mixed ancestry of the First Americans.

Raghavan, Maanasa; Skoglund, Pontus; Graf, Kelly E.; Metspalu, Mait; Albrechtsen, Anders; Moltke, Ida; Rasmussen, Simon; Stafford, Thomas W.; Orlando, Ludovic; Metspalu, Ene; Karmin, Monika; Tambets, Kristiina; Rootsi, Siiri; Magi, Reedik; Campos, Paula F.; Balanovska, Elena; Balanovsky, Oleg; Khusnutdinova, Elza; Litvinov, Sergey; Osipova, Ludmila P.; Fedorova, Sardana A.; Voevoda, Mikhail I.; DeGiorgio, Michael; Sicheritz-Ponten, Thomas; Brunak, S?ren; Demeshchenko, Svetlana; Kivisild, Toomas; Villems, Richard; Nielsen, Rasmus; Jakobsson, Mattias; Willerslev, Eske

2014-01-01

401

Racial identity and perception of American ideals among African American and African students in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined contextual factors in racial identity, by comparing 113 Black American college students and 93 Black African college students residing in the United States. Participants completed a questionnaire assessing racial identity, applicability of American ideals, and self-esteem. Racial identity scores did not differ between the two groups, but for the African students racial identity showed a significant increase

Jean S. Phinney; Mukosolu Onwughalu

1996-01-01

402

African American Parental Involvement in a Post-"Brown" Era: Facilitating the Academic Achievement of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Brown v. Board of Education" decision defined public education for African Americans in the United States. In this article I discuss the tradition of African American parental involvement in the pre-"Brown" era, challenges to parental involvement in a post-"Brown" era, and a parental involvement initiative in an urban elementary school. I…

Tillman, Linda C.

2004-01-01

403

African American Male Achievement: Using a Tenet of Critical Theory to Explain the African American Male Achievement Disparity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although African Americans continue to demonstrate a desire for education, Black male enrollment and completion rates in higher education are dismal when compared to other ethnic groups. Researchers and scholars have noted various theories and philosophies responsible for the academic disengagement of African American men in higher education. This…

Palmer, Robert T.; Maramba, Dina C.

2011-01-01

404

Attachment Style Differences and Depression in African American and European American College Women: Normative Adaptations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined ethnic differences in attachment styles and depression among African American and European American college women. African American women reported less favorable views of others, which suggests that attachment styles emphasizing caution in relationships may be normative and adaptive for these women. There were no differences…

Cooley, Eileen L.; Garcia, Amber L.

2012-01-01

405

Cancer Screening in Native Americans from the Northern Plains  

PubMed Central

Background Native Americans from the Northern Plains have the highest age-adjusted cancer mortality compared to Native Americans from any other region in the U.S. Purpose This study examined the utilization and determinants of cancer screening in a large sample of Native Americans from the Northern Plains. Methods A survey was administered orally to 975 individuals in 2004â2006 from three reservations and among the urban Native American community in the service region of the Rapid City Regional Hospital. Data analysis was conducted in 2007â2008. Results Forty-four percent of individuals reported ever receiving any cancer screening. Particularly low levels were found in breast, cervical, prostate, and colon cancer screening. In multivariate analyses, the strongest determinant of receiving cancer screening overall or cancer screening for a specific cancer site was recommendation for screening by a doctor or nurse. Other determinants associated with increased likelihood of ever having cancer screening included older age, female gender, and receiving physical exams more than once a year. Increased age was a determinant of breast cancer screening and receiving physical exams was associated with cervical cancer screening. Conclusions Cancer screening was markedly underutilized in this sample of Native Americans from the Northern Plains. Future research should evaluate the potential for improving cancer screening.

Pandhi, Nancy; Guadagnolo, B. Ashleigh; Kanekar, Shalini; Petereit, Daniel G.; Smith, Maureen A.

2010-01-01

406

After Columbus: Four-Hundred Years of Native American Portraiture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New York Public Library's early efforts to collect Native American portraiture were greatly aided by gifts and purchases made by Dr. Wilberforce Eames and J.P. Morgan. Morgan was a sponsor of Edward S. Curtis's massive survey of North American Native Americans and Eames was the Library's bibliographer. This particular digital collection from the Library brings together some of these early acquisitions, including George Caitlin's "North American Indian Portfolio" from 1845 and Frederic Allen Williams' "Photographs of American Indians". In total, this digital collection includes 369 prints and drawings. Visitors can browse through each portfolio at their leisure, or they can also elect to search through the entire collection by title or keyword.

407

Dancing in the Margins: Experiences of African American Ballerinas  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Where are all the Black Swans?” Gia Koulas asked in 2007. The question begs to be answered, yet in my search for “black swans,”\\u000a I found few leading light-skinned swans and even fewer leading dark-skinned ones. Color casting has riddled the African-American\\u000a community throughout the American history. The divisions within the African-American community have been an unpleasant cornerstone\\u000a of the

Nyama McCarthy-Brown

408

Exploring the Link between Self-Construal and Distress among African American and Asian American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated ethnicity, self-construal, and distress among African American and Asian American college students. African American students expressed more salient independent self-construals, whereas Asian American students expressed more salient interdependent self-construals. As hypothesized, among African American participants,…

Christopher, Michael S.; Skillman, Gemma D.

2009-01-01

409

Genetic analysis of diabetic nephropathy on chromosome 18 in African Americans: linkage analysis and dense SNP mapping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetic studies in Turkish, Native American, European American, and African American (AA) families have linked chromosome\\u000a 18q21.1–23 to susceptibility for diabetes-associated nephropathy. In this study, we have carried out fine linkage mapping\\u000a in the 18q region previously linked to diabetic nephropathy in AAs by genotyping both microsatellite and single nucleotide\\u000a polymorphisms (SNPs) for linkage analysis in an expanded set of

Caitrin W. McDonough; Meredith A. Bostrom; Lingyi Lu; Pamela J. Hicks; Carl D. Langefeld; Jasmin Divers; Josyf C. Mychaleckyj; Barry I. Freedman; Donald W. Bowden

2009-01-01

410

Differences in Acute Response to Alcohol between African Americans and European Americans  

PubMed Central

Background Response to alcohol is a widely studied risk factor and potential endophenotype for alcohol use disorders. Research on African American response to alcohol has been limited despite large differences in alcohol use between African Americans and European Americans. Extending our previous work on the African American portion of this sample, the current study examined differences in acute subjective response to alcohol between African Americans and European Americans. Additionally, we tested if the association between response to alcohol and past month drinking behavior and alcohol-related problems differed across race. Methods One hundred and seventy eight participants (mean age = 21.87, SD = 1.23; 57% African American) who were moderate to heavy social drinkers completed an alcohol administration study in a laboratory setting, receiving a moderate dose of alcohol (0.72g/kg alcohol for males, 0.65g/kg for females). Acute alcohol response was measured at 8 time points (i.e., baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, and 150 minutes). Results Latent growth curve models showed that African Americans experienced sharper increases in stimulation on the ascending limb compared to European Americans. African American women experienced sharper increases in sedation on the ascending limb compared to European American women. Change in sedation on the ascending limb was associated with past month drinking behavior. Stimulation on the ascending limb was related to alcohol-problems for African Americans but not European Americans. Conclusions We found differences in response to alcohol across racial groups: African Americans showed a stronger response to alcohol. Future studies are needed to incorporate response to alcohol into a larger model of African American alcohol use.

Pedersen, Sarah L.; McCarthy, Denis M.

2013-01-01

411

African-American Women: Online Archival Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University has a wealth of digitized materials related to African American women. This particular collection brings together three noteworthy collections: Elizabeth Johnson Harris: Life Story; Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson: Slave Letters; and Vilet Lester Letter. This last item is particularly noteworthy as it is a very rare item indeed: a letter written by a female slave. The Elizabeth Johnson Harris: A Life Story area brings together the full text of her memories, along with several poems and vignettes published in various newspapers in her lifetime. She was born in 1867 to parents who had been slaves, and the memoir includes information about her own childhood and the importance of religion and education in her life. Finally, the last section brings together letters written by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson to their mistresses and other slave family members in Abingdon, Virginia.

2011-11-11

412

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in African American youth.  

PubMed

This article examines attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in African American youth. Tackling the myths and misinformation surrounding ADHD in the African American community can be one of the most difficult issues in mental illness circles. There is a lot of conflicting information about how African Americans are diagnosed, examined, and treated. This article clarifies some of the misconceptions and offers some comprehensibility to the issue of ADHD in African American youth. The incidence of ADHD is probably similar in African Americans and Caucasians. However, fewer African Americans are diagnosed with and treated for ADHD. That reality flies in the face of some perceptions in many African American communities. Reasons for this disparity have not been fully clarified and are most likely complex and numerous. Some barriers to treatment are driven by the beliefs of patients and their families, while others are the result of limitations in the health care system. Patient-driven obstacles to care include inadequate knowledge of symptoms, treatment, and consequences of untreated ADHD and fear of overdiagnosis and misdiagnosis. System-driven limitations include a lack of culturally competent health care providers, stereotyping or biases, and failure of clinicians to evaluate the child in multiple settings before diagnosis. PMID:20697849

Bailey, Rahn K; Ali, Shahid; Jabeen, Shagufta; Akpudo, Hilary; Avenido, Jaymie U; Bailey, Theresa; Lyons, Jessica; Whitehead, Amelia A

2010-10-01

413

Adherence treatment factors in hypertensive African American women  

PubMed Central

Background Hypertension among African American women is of epidemic proportions. Nonadherence to treatment contributes to uncontrolled blood pressure in this population. Factors associated with adherence to treatment in African American women are unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with adherence to hypertension treatment in African American women. Methods Five audio-taped focus groups were conducted with hypertensive African American women, 35 years and older receiving treatment for hypertension from an inner-city free clinic. All transcripts from the tapes were analyzed for content describing adherence to treatment factors. Findings Factors associated with adherence to treatment in hypertensive African American women were in three main categories including: beliefs about hypertension, facilitators of adherence to treatment, and barriers to adherence to treatment. Implications The study supports the need for education on managing hypertension and medication side effects, early screening for depression in hypertensive African Americans, development of culturally sensitive hypertension educational material, and formation of support groups for promoting adherence to treatment among African American women with hypertension.

Fongwa, Marie N; Evangelista, Lorraines S; Hays, Ron D; Martins, David S; Elashoff, David; Cowan, Marie J; Morisky, Donald E

2008-01-01

414

The Anacostia Museum & Center for African American History and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in a historically African-American community in the southeast quadrant of Washington, D.C., the Anacostia Museum & Center for African American History and Culture's primary goal is to "explore American history, society, and creative expression from an African American perspective.". Visitors may want to begin by looking through the general information section, especially if they are planning a visit in the near future. There is also a special section dedicated to providing information on current and upcoming exhibits, along with several online exhibits, including one on the contemporary spiritual traditions within the African-American community. Perhaps one of the more interesting parts of the site is the area dedicated to providing history about the actual community of Anacostia where the museum is physically located. In this section, visitors can learn about the various transformations that have affected the community over its long history, and even view educational exercises for use at home or in the classroom.

415

Oxford African American Studies Center: Focus on Women and Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Oxford African American Studies Center has created this website to house its comprehensive collection of scholarship documenting the many and varied experiences that make up African and African American history and culture. Along with over 10,000 articles, 2,500 images, and 200 maps, the site features an excellent "Focus On" series each month, in which the editors compile various short articles, picture essays, and links on a designated topic. The Focus on Women and Literature is particularly noteworthy. Here, visitors can explore the life and works of influential women in American literature, from Phillis Wheatley to Toni Morrison. The site can be easily navigated by subject or by specific biography, with suggestions for related sources and content provided in each section. Additionally, curious visitors will find links to all of the previously featured subjects within the series, ranging from African Americans in Science and Technology to Black Homesteading in the American Western Frontier.

416

Predictors of Consistent Condom Use Among Young African American Women  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to determine the predictive value of selected factors to the consistent use of condoms among high-risk young African American women. A clinic-based, prospective, study of 242 young, African-American women (ages 15–21) was conducted. In multivariate analysis, consistent condom use was predicted by having greater perceptions of condom negotiation self-efficacy, lower fear of negotiating condom use, and having communicated with sex partners (during the recall period) about condom use. Relational variables were predictive of consistent condom use among young African American women. STD/HIV preventive interventions should target these factors, perhaps in dyad-level interventions.

DiClemente, Ralph J.; Salazar, Laura F.; Wingood, Gina M.; McDermott-Sales, Jessica; Young, April M.; Rose, Eve

2012-01-01

417

Differing Reports of Asthma Symptoms in African Americans and Caucasians  

PubMed Central

Objective This pilot study explores the reported symptoms in African Americans and Caucasians with asthma. Methods Asthma patients in an inner-city pulmonary clinic were given a brief questionnaire of asthma symptoms and the BORG scale, followed by spirometry. Results African Americans were less likely to report nocturnal awakenings (67% vs. 100%; p = 0.037), complain of dyspnea (33% vs. 75%; p = 0.038), or experience chest pain (13% vs. 75%; p=0.002) than Caucasians. Conclusions This is the first study to demonstrate that there are clinically significant differences in the reporting of asthma symptoms between African Americans and Caucasians.

Trochtenberg, D. Scott; Belue, Rhonda; Piphus, Sharon; Washington, Niketa

2010-01-01

418

Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Profiled here are African American men and women who have contributed to the advancement of science and engineering. The accomplishments of the past and present can serve as pathfinders to present and future engineers and scientists. African American chemists, biologists, inventors, engineers, and mathematicians have contributed in both large and small ways that can be overlooked when chronicling the history of science. By describing the scientific history of selected African American men and women we can see how the efforts of individuals have advanced human understanding in the world around us.

Mitchell C Brown (University of California- Irvine)

1995-01-01

419

Understanding African Americans’ views of the trustworthiness of physicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Many scholars have written about the historical underpinnings and likely consequences of African Americans distrust in health\\u000a care, yet little research has been done to understand if and how this distrust affects African Americans’ current views of\\u000a the trustworthiness of physicians.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a OBJECTIVE: To better understand what trust and distrust in physicians means to African Americans.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN: Focus-group study, using

Elizabeth A. Jacobs; Italia Rolle; Carol Estwing Ferrans; Eric E. Whitaker; Richard B. Warnecke

2006-01-01

420

Beta blocker therapy in African American patients with heart failure.  

PubMed

Data from a number of clinical trials of beta blocker therapy in heart failure, although limited in the size of African American patients included, suggest that they achieve a similar benefit as Caucasians. African Americans were usually at higher risk when enrolled in all of these studies with a higher incidence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The only exception is the Beta Blocker Evaluation of Survival Trial (BEST) that studied the efficacy of Bucindolol in heart failure. In that study there appeared to be a unique differential effect in African Americans compared to Caucasians which may have been in part related to the severity of the disease. PMID:15516864

Goldstein, Sidney

2004-04-01

421

The Blackout of Native American Cultural Achievements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that American Indian achievements are overlooked and even specifically denied in the face of overwhelming evidence of their reality. Examines the denials of Indian originality in three specific matters that have been controversial in recent decades: medicine, the manufacture of maple syrup, and the use of fertilizer. (JHZ)

Vogel, Virgil J.

1987-01-01

422

NATIVE AMERICAN LANDS IN REGION 10  

EPA Science Inventory

The .dbf file is standalone ArcView coverage contained within the American Indian Lands Environmental Support Project (AILESP) data base. Data supports scales at multiple resolutions although ambiguities can be seen when combined with other coverages such as general land ownersh...

423

Native Americans in the Health Professions: Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distinguished Indian psychologists talk about opportunities and challenges for American Indians in the field of psychology, offer advice about college preparation and volunteer work, describe culturally sensitive counseling services, and discuss research on cultural influences on Indian adolescents' mental well-being. Universities and…

Westberg, Jane

2000-01-01

424

African American renal transplant recipients benefit from early corticosteroid withdrawal under modern immunosuppression.  

PubMed

African Americans have historically been considered high-risk renal transplant recipients due to increased rejection rates and reduced long-term graft survival. Modern immunosuppression has reduced rejections and improved graft survival in African Americans and may allow successful corticosteroid withdrawal. Outcomes in 56 African Americans were compared to 56 non-African Americans enrolled in early withdrawal protocols. Results are reported as African American versus non-African American. Acute rejection at 1 year was 23% and 18% (P = NS), while patient and graft survival was 96% versus 98% and 91% versus 91% (P = NS), respectively. In conclusion, early withdrawal in African Americans is associated with acceptable rejection rates and excellent patient and graft survival, indicating that the risks and benefits of early withdrawal are similar between African Americans and non-African Americans. Additional followup is needed to determine long-term renal function, graft survival, and cardiovascular risk in African Americans with early steroid withdrawal. PMID:15848541

Boardman, R E; Alloway, R R; Alexander, J W; Buell, J F; Cardi, M; First, M R; Hanaway, M T; Munda, R; Rogers, C C; Roy-Chaudhury, P; Susskind, B; Trofe, J; Woodle, E S

2005-03-01

425

Changing psychiatric perception of African-Americans with affective disorders.  

PubMed

This article explored the origins and implications of the underdiagnosis of affective disorders in African-Americans. MEDLINE and old collections were searched using relevant key words. Reference lists from the articles that were gathered from this procedure were reviewed. The historical record indicated that the psychiatric perception of African-Americans with affective disorders changed significantly during the last 200 years. In the antebellum period, the mental disorders of slaves mostly went unnoticed. By the early 20th century, African-Americans were reported to have high rates of manic-depressive disorder compared with whites. By the mid-century, rates of manic-depressive disorder in African-Americans plummeted, whereas depression remained virtually nonexistent. In recent decades, diagnosed depression and bipolar disorder, whether in clinical or research settings, were inexplicably low in African-Americans compared with whites. Given these findings, American psychiatry needs to appraise the deep-seated effects of historical stereotypes on the diagnosis and treatment of African-Americans. PMID:23197118

Jarvis, G Eric

2012-12-01

426

African American and European American Mothers' Beliefs about Negative Emotions and Emotion Socialization Practices  

PubMed Central

SYNOPSIS Objective Mothers’ beliefs about their children’s negative emotions and their emotion socialization practices were examined. Design Sixty-five African American and 137 European American mothers of 5-year-old children reported their beliefs and typical responses to children’s negative emotions, and mothers’ emotion teaching practices were observed. Results African American mothers reported that the display of negative emotions was less acceptable than European American mothers, and African American mothers of boys perceived the most negative social consequences for the display of negative emotions. African American mothers reported fewer supportive responses to children’s negative emotions than European Americans and more nonsupportive responses to children’s anger. African American mothers of boys also reported more nonsupportive responses to submissive negative emotions than African American mothers of girls. However, no differences were found by ethnicity or child gender in observed teaching about emotions. Group differences in mothers’ responses to negative emotions were explained, in part, by mothers’ beliefs about emotions. Conclusions Differences in beliefs and practices may reflect African American mothers’ efforts to protect their children from discrimination.

Nelson, Jackie A.; Leerkes, Esther M.; O'Brien, Marion; Calkins, Susan D.; Marcovitch, Stuart

2012-01-01

427

Native Americans in the Health Professions: Two Interviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with Dr. Joseph Bell, president of the American Association of Indian Physicians (AAIP), and Wabanang Kuczek, physician assistant, discuss health-care services needed by Native people, AAIP efforts to recruit Indian students into medicine, links to traditional healing, key health issues facing Indian people, and career opportunities as…

Westberg, Jane

1999-01-01

428

Revitalizing Hispanic and Native American Communities: Four Examples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes locally controlled economic development strategies used by Native American and Hispanic cooperatives and organizations: Ganados del Valle, Madera Forest Products Association, Seventh Generation Fund, and Ramah Navajo Weavers Association. Discusses the issues of cultural and economic survival in isolated rural communities. (SV)

Robinson, Paul; And Others

1989-01-01

429

Dangerous Definitions: Female Tricksters in Contemporary Native American Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses academic arguments over definitions of "trickster," who intrinsically disrupts classifications of any kind. Focuses on trickster's reemergence (particularly as female) in contemporary native American literature, which merges verbal art and tribal traditions with Anglo text forms to create a liminal literary space ideal for trickster.…

Cox, Jay

1989-01-01

430

This Path We Travel: Celebrations of Contemporary Native American Creativity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exhibition at the opening of the George Gustav Heye Center in New York City presents the talents of 15 contemporary Native American artists who during the past several years met at four different locations representing the cardinal directions. The exhibit combines sculpture, performance, poetry, music, and video to portray Indian world views…

La Pena, Frank

1994-01-01

431

Dental Services for American Indians & Alaska Natives: 1990-2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Indian Health Service (IHS) of the U.S. Public Health Service is responsible for addressing the comprehensive health needs of approximately 1.5 million American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). This task is complicated by the broad cultural, econom...

2002-01-01

432

Comprehensive Health Care Program for American Indians & Alaska Natives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet summarizes programs of the Indian Health Service (IHS). The IHS was created in 1954 as part of the Public Health Service when responsibility for American Indian and Alaska Native health care was transferred from the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. The goal of…

Indian Health Service (PHS/HSA), Rockville, MD.

433

Seasons: The National Native American AIDS Prevention Center Quarterly. 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three 1993 issues of "Seasons" (the Spring/Summer issues are combined) address various aspects of dealing with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among Native Americans. The Winter issue focuses on tuberculosis (TB) and its incidence and treatment among HIV-positive individuals. "Remembering…

Rush, Andrea Green, Ed.

1993-01-01

434

Pathfinders for Finding Information on Native Americans with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography offers strategies for locating information on selected topics of concern to those working with Native Americans with disabilities. The strategies are arranged in a format called a pathfinder. Each pathfinder follows a similar format, beginning with a brief overview of the topic, followed with an annotated bibliography, and…

Roy, Loriene, Comp.

435

Continuity and Change: Native American Beadwork. Instructional Resource.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an instructional resource on Native American beadwork that is recommended for upper elementary students. Focuses on different art products such as wampum, a wedding basket, charms, and a peyote fan. Includes background information, discussion questions, and activities and discusses how to evaluate the students. (CMK)

Carlisle, Dana Kletchka; Friday, Rhonda

2000-01-01

436

Family Issues. Native American Rehabilitation: A Bibliographic Series, No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family issues are the main focus of this document, one in a series of seven bibliographies dealing with rehabilitation of disabled Native Americans. The 23 annotated entries were identified through a comprehensive search of relevant data bases covering the years 1966-1986 and were selected to be of use to consumers, policy makers, direct service…

O'Connell, Joanne Curry; Johnson, Marilyn J.

437

Native Americans and Yucca Mountain; A summary report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes data collected between September 1986 and September 1988 relative to Native American concerns involving the potential siting of a high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The data were collected from Western Shoshone and Southern Paiute people upon whose aboriginal lands the repository potentially is to be located. Western Shoshone people involved in the study were

1990-01-01

438

American Indian and Alaska Native Education. Executive Order 13096.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Executive Order of the President outlines a plan for federal agencies to develop a long-term comprehensive federal Indian education policy that will accomplish six goals for American Indian and Alaska Native education. These goals are improving reading and mathematics; increasing high school completion and postsecondary attendance rates;…

Clinton, William J.

1998-01-01

439

Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students  

ScienceCinema

Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

None

2010-09-01

440

Resource Guide of American Indian and Alaska Native Women, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A resource listing of 678 prominent American Indian and Alaska Native women representing 159 tribes throughout the United States provides the following information: name, address, date and place of birth, tribal membership, field of interest, current occupation, Indian activities, women's advocacy, educational background and professional interest.…

Anderson, Owanah P., Comp.; Verble, Sedelta D., Comp.

441

Native American Students: Affordability and Access. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Native American students in Washington attend more than 40 postsecondary institutions and participate in college at a rate greater than their proportional presence in the population. They are just as likely to apply for and receive financial aid as other groups, a little less likely to borrow to attend college, and experience a greater gap than…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2010

2010-01-01

442

The Interest Structure of Native American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strong Interest Inventory scores of 103 female and 73 male Native American college students were submitted to multidimensional scaling analysis. Results supported the circular order and two-dimensional relationship of career interests. Females' results were more consistent with Holland's hexagonal model than were males' scores. (SK)

Hansen, Jo-Ida C.; Scullard, Mark G.; Haviland, Mark G.

2000-01-01

443

Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

None

2010-01-01

444

Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

2010-03-05

445

Native American Career Education Unit. Living with the Land.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of twelve instructional units in the Native American Career Education (NACE) program, this unit is intended to help Indian junior high school students understand concepts involved in the management of natural resources, especially as they relate to traditional Indian values; understand the relationship between basic needs, resources, and waste…

Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

446

Native American Career Education Unit. From Idea to Product.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of twelve instructional units in the Native American Career Education (NACE) program, this unit is intended to help Indian junior high school students understand the steps involved in making a product. Focus is on the subject areas of economics, lumber and furniture industries, and woodworking. The first two activities concern the nature of…

Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

447

Native American Attitudes toward Literacy and Recording in the Southwest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hypothesizes that Native Americans in the Southwest have a historical and contemporary aversion to writing and other relatively permanent means of data storage. Contributing factors include religion, oral traditions based on memory, cultural secrecy. Available from Linguistic Association of the Southwest, Department of English, University of…

Brandt, Elizabeth A.

1981-01-01

448

Cancer Prevention and Control in American Indians/Alaska Natives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines differences among American Indian tribes and Alaska Natives with regard to incidence and mortality rates for various types of cancer, particularly lung, cervix, breast, biliary, gastric, colorectal, prostate, and primary hepatic cancer. Discusses the influence of genetic and environmental factors, smoking, and inadequate medical…

Hampton, James W.

1992-01-01

449

Career Barriers and Coping Efficacy among Native American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between career barriers (low perceived social status [PSS], experiences with personal and systemic classism, and general ethnic discrimination) and college outcome expectations (COEs) among a sample of 121 Native American postsecondary students. Self-efficacy for coping with career barriers was tested as a…

Thompson, Mindi N.

2013-01-01

450

Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students  

ScienceCinema

Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

None

2013-04-19

451

An econometric model of birthinputs and outputs for Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new model of the birth process of Native Americans with seven en- dogenous variables: four birthinputs maternal smoking (S), drinking (D), prenatal care (PC), and weight gain (WG), and three birth outputs gestational age (G), birth length (BL), and birth weight (BW). The model is a seven-equation simultaneous model with three endogenous dummies S, D, and

Kai Li; Dale J. Poirier

452

Use of Traditional Indian Medicine Among Urban Native Americans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Findings are reported of a survey conducted in 1973 by the Urban Indian Health Board of San Francisco of 277 Native American families living in the San Francisco Bay area to determine their use of specific types of traditional medicine. Results indicate t...

1974-01-01

453

Nutrition Education for Native Americans: A Guide for Nutrition Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for professionals working with food assistance and other programs with a nutrition component, this guide is intended to aid in understanding the cultural characteristics and basic health and diet-related problems of Native Americans and to promote more effective nutrition counseling and community nutrition education. The background section…

Food and Nutrition Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

454

Preserving Traditional Arts: A Toolkit for Native American Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The surest way to preserve a traditional art form is to continue its practice. However, it is also possible for Indian and other Native American people to use modern documentation tools to safeguard the survival of their cultural traditions for the future. This book presents a selection of professional documentation techniques that are especially…

Dyal, Susan

455

Insider and Outsider Status: An African American Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter addresses the dual status of African American faculty in adult education as both a marginalized group and as a group central to the collective identity of adult education in the United States.

Smith, Sherwood

2004-01-01

456

African Americans and Pancreatic Cancer: Things to Know  

MedlinePLUS

AFRICAN AMERICANS AND PANCREATIC CANCER: THINGS TO KNOW By the National Cancer Institute BETHESDA, MD ? When NFL Hall of Famer Gene Upshaw died of pancreatic cancer in 2008, it was the first time that ...

457

Transgenerational Consequences of Racial Discrimination for African American Health  

PubMed Central

Disparities in African American health remain pervasive and persist transgenerationally. There is a growing consensus that both structural and interpersonal racial discrimination are key mechanisms affecting African American health. The Biopsychosocial Model of Racism as a Stressor posits that the persistent stress of experiencing discrimination take a physical toll on the health of African Americans and is ultimately manifested in the onset of illness. However, the degree to which the health consequences of racism and discrimination can be passed down from one generation to the next is an important avenue of exploration. In this review, we discuss and link literature across disciplines demonstrating the harmful impact of racism on African American physical health and the health of their offspring.

Goosby, Bridget J.; Heidbrink, Chelsea

2014-01-01

458

Biomarkers in the Detection of Prostate Cancer in African Americans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The focus of this proposal is to identify molecular markers in high grade prostate cancer (PCa) based on biopsies, especially from African Americans (AAs) who usually select radiation rather than radical prostatectomies. How these differ molecularly from ...

S. M. Gaston W. E. Grizzle

2013-01-01

459

Structural and Social Contexts of HIV Risk Among African Americans  

PubMed Central

HIV continues to be transmitted at unacceptably high rates among African Americans, and most HIV-prevention interventions have focused on behavioral change. To theorize additional approaches to HIV prevention among African Americans, we discuss how sexual networks and drug-injection networks are as important as behavior for HIV transmission. We also describe how higher-order social structures and processes, such as residential racial segregation and racialized policing, may help shape risk networks and behaviors. We then discuss 3 themes in African American culture—survival, propriety, and struggle—that also help shape networks and behaviors. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of how these perspectives might help reduce HIV transmission among African Americans.

Cooper, Hannah L. F.; Osborne, Andrew H.

2009-01-01

460

Urban Latino African American Cancer (ULAAC) Disparities Project  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Disparities Research Partnership Programs (CDRP) January 18, 2008 Urban Latino African American Cancer (ULAAC) Disparities Project Michael L. Steinberg, MD, FACR, FASTRO Principal Investigator David C. Khan, MD Co-Principal Investigator Nicole C.

461

African American adolescent perceptions of vulnerability and resilience to HIV.  

PubMed

HIV/AIDS is growing at a disproportional rate among African American adolescents. This trend has occurred despite the fact that 89% of schools have educational programs on HIV/AIDS. Barriers to effective HIV prevention may be related to a failure to develop educational programs based on the cultural competencies of vulnerable populations such as adolescents who are at risk for HIV. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore African American adolescent perceptions of vulnerability and resilience to HIV/AIDS within a cultural competency paradigm. A group of 8 adolescents at an African American church participated in a focus group to discuss vulnerability and resilience to HIV. To facilitate discussion, the adolescents developed collages from pictures in African American magazines. Content analysis was used to identify themes. The themes revealed were confidence, safe social activities, innocence, image, music/drug culture, and peer pressure. PMID:18445759

Glenn, Betty L; Wilson, Kathleen P

2008-07-01

462

KSC kicks off African-American History Month  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mack McKinney, chief, program resources management at NASA and chairperson for African-American History Month, presents a plaque to Bhetty Waldron at the kick-off ceremony of African-American History Month on Feb. 3 at the NASA Training Auditorium. The award was given in thanks for Waldron's portrayal of Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune and Zora Neal Hurston during the ceremony. The theme for this year's observation is 'Heritage and Horizons: The African-American Legacy and the Challenges of the 21st Century.' February is designated each year as a time to celebrate the achievements and contributions of African Americans to Kennedy Space Center, NASA and the nation.

2000-01-01

463

Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer: Information for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer: Information for African Americans. This article addresses myths about skin cancer and discusses how everyone can protect their skin. It also introduces an NCI publication for minorities: Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer.

464

Differences in the Tumor Microenvironment between African-American and European-American Breast Cancer Patients  

PubMed Central

Background African-American breast cancer patients experience higher mortality rates than European-American patients despite having a lower incidence of the disease. We tested the hypothesis that intrinsic differences in the tumor biology may contribute to this cancer health disparity. Methods and Results Using laser capture microdissection, we examined genome-wide mRNA expression specific to tumor epithelium and tumor stroma in 18 African-American and 17 European-American patients. Numerous genes were differentially expressed between these two patient groups and a two-gene signature in the tumor epithelium distinguished between them. To identify the biological processes in tumors that are different by race/ethnicity, Gene Ontology and disease association analyses were performed. Several biological processes were identified which may contribute to enhanced disease aggressiveness in African-American patients, including angiogenesis and chemotaxis. African-American tumors also contained a prominent interferon signature. The role of angiogenesis in the tumor biology of African-Americans was further investigated by examining the extent of vascularization and macrophage infiltration in an expanded set of 248 breast tumors. Immunohistochemistry revealed that microvessel density and macrophage infiltration is higher in tumors of African-Americans than in tumors of European-Americans. Lastly, using an in silico approach, we explored the potential of tailored treatment options for African-American patients based on their gene expression profile. This exploratory approach generated lists of therapeutics that may have specific antagonistic activity against tumors of African-American patients, e.g., sirolimus, resveratrol, and chlorpromazine in estrogen receptor-negative tumors. Conclusions The gene expression profiles of breast tumors indicate that differences in tumor biology may exist between African-American and European-American patients beyond the knowledge of current markers. Notably, pathways related to tumor angiogenesis and chemotaxis could be functionally different in these two patient groups.

Martin, Damali N.; Boersma, Brenda J.; Yi, Ming; Reimers, Mark; Howe, Tiffany M.; Yfantis, Harry G.; Tsai, Yien Che; Williams, Erica H.; Lee, Dong H.; Stephens, Robert M.; Weissman, Allan M.; Ambs, Stefan

2009-01-01

465

African Americans’ views on research and the Tuskegee Syphilis study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participation of African Americans in clinical and public health research is essential. However, for a multitude of reasons, participation is low in many research studies. This article reviews the literature that substantiates barriers to participation and the legacy of past abuses of human subjects through research. The article then reports the results of seven focus groups with 60 African

Vicki S. Freimuth; Sandra Crouse Quinn; Stephen B. Thomas; Galen Cole; Eric Zook; Ted Duncan

2001-01-01

466

ASHE: Improvisation & Recycling in African-American Visionary Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exhibition guide provides critical analysis, historical perspective, and brief biographies of 15 self-taught African-American artists whose works were displayed. "Ashe," an African word meaning "the power to make things happen," was used as the theme of the exhibition. The guide verbalizes the exhibit's investigation of the methods of making…

Patterson, Tom

467

Spirit, Space & Survival: African American Women in (White) Academe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents the stories of 11 African American women working in higher education and confronting racist and sexist practices. The chapters have the following titles and authors: (1) "Mixed Blood, New Voices" (Kaylynn Sullivan Two Trees); (2) "Carrying On" (Joyce Scott); (3) "African Philosophy, Theory, and 'Living Thinkers'" (Joy James);…

James, Joy, Ed.; Farmer, Ruth, Ed.

468

African American Women and Eating Disturbances: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 18 studies were reviewed to investigate the relationship between ethnicity and eating disturbances, focusing on the relationship between African American and white women. Although white women had more risk of eating disturbances, the effect size was small. White women had slightly more risk for all eating disturbances combined. African

O'Neill, Shannon K.

2003-01-01

469

Title I: African-American Studies Program. Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a student workbook in African American studies used in the Detroit, Michigan public schools in 1978-79. The workbook contains student exercises in African history, culture, geography, languages, architecture, folktales, food, and artifacts. The continent of Africa is covered in units on Egypt, North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, and…

Wilson, Linda

470

A Comparison of Depressive Symptoms in African Americans and Caucasian Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined group differences in depressive symptomatology among African Americans and whites seeking psychotherapy. African Americans reported less pessimism, dissatisfaction, self-blame, and suicidal ideation and more sense of punishment and weight change, but for reasons unrelated to depression. Self-dislike was a stronger manifestation of…

Ayalon, Liat; Young, Michael A.

2003-01-01

471

Cultural In-Group Advantage: Emotion Recognition in African American and European American Faces and Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored whether there were in-group advantages in emotion recognition of faces and voices by culture or geographic region. Participants were 72 African American students (33 men, 39 women), 102 European American students (30 men, 72 women), 30 African international students (16 men, 14 women), and 30 European international students…

Wickline, Virginia B.; Bailey, Wendy; Nowicki, Stephen

2009-01-01

472

Recruiting Highly Qualified African American Teachers in American Urban Public Schools: A Qualitative Collective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the qualitative collective case study is to identify the weaknesses in the methods used to recruit highly qualified African American preservice teachers in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. The data collection process consisted of one-on-one, open-ended interview questions with 10 highly qualified African American public school…

James, LaNora Marcell

2011-01-01

473

Kill Them Before They Grow. Misdiagnosis of African American Boys in American Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contends that the American public education system has made "black male" synonymous with "disabled" through the creation of the labels "Behavior Disorders" and "Emotional Disorders." These labels, which say that African American boys cannot behave without special treatment, juvenile probation, and, in many cases, drugs, condemns African

Porter, Michael

474

Marital Satisfaction among African Americans and Black Caribbeans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the correlates of marital satisfaction using data from a national probability sample of African Americans (N = 962) and Black Caribbeans (N = 560). Findings reveal differences between African Americans and Black Caribbeans, and men and women within those groups, in the predictors of marital satisfaction. Black Caribbean women…

Bryant, Chalandra M.; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Lincoln, Karen D.; Chatters, Linda M.; Jackson, James S.

2008-01-01

475

Lactose Intolerance in Pregnant African-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To state the prevalence and effects of lactose intolerance in pregnant African-American womenObjective: To determine the prevalence of lactose intolerance in pregnant African-American women, any change in tolerance that may occur and reported symptoms after consuming 240 ml of 1% milk.Design: This longitudinal study compared lactose status: 1) prior to 16 weeks gestation, 2) between the 30th and

D. M. Paige; F. R. Witter; J. A. Perman; Y. Bronner; L. A. Kessler

1997-01-01

476

An Update on Hypertension among African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the US, a disproportionate burden of hypertension and its associated complications—including coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and end-stage renal disease and cardiovascular disease mortality—affect African-Americans (also referred to as US blacks). 2 This excess burden of hypertension among African-Americans has been recognized since early in the 1900s and explains a substantial portion of health disparities in this population.

Keith C Ferdinand; Verna L Welch

2007-01-01

477

Correlates of Casual Sex Among African-American Female Teens  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identified correlates of reporting voluntary sex with casual partner (VS-CP) among African American adolescent females. Sexually active African-American female teens (N = 522) were recruited from neighborhoods characterized by high rates of unemployment, substance abuse, violence and STDs. Of the 609 eligible adolescents, 522 (85.7%) agreed to participate in the study. VS-CP was reported by 15.9% of adolescents.

Richard A. Crosby; Ralph J. Diclemente; Gina M. Wingood; Catlainn Sionean; Brenda K. Cobb; Kathy F. Harrington; Susan L. Davies; Edward W. Hook III; M. Kim Oh

2002-01-01

478

African Americans in clinical trials. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

This paper reviews strategies that could help improve African-American recruitment to clinical trials. The author provides recommendations on how to involve sponsors, recruitment teams, clinical research organizations, patient research organizations’ vendors, project managers, and local site investigators in this effort. Lack of interest and trust in research can be addressed through patient and community education. African Americans should be encouraged to opt into a database or referral list for clinical trials.

479

Parental competence among African American adolescent mothers and grandmothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the influence of grandmothers on parental competence among urban African American adolescent mothers, using a model adapted from Belsky's (1984) Determinants of Parenting Process Model. The sample included 53 pairs of urban African American mothers (age 16.4 [plusmn] 1.2 years) and their mothers (age 39.2 [plusmn] 4.3 years). All adolescents were enrolled in school, co-resided with mothers,

Lois S. Sadler; Stephen A. Anderson; Ronald M. Sabatelli

2001-01-01

480

African-American Urban Clergy's Literacy of Alzheimer's Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this descriptive study was to determine urban African-American clergy's awareness of Alzheimer's disease and willingness to provide support to elders and their family\\/caregivers. Interviews were conducted with nine African-American clergy who presided over churches in central Kentucky. Collectively, all clergy had previous experience providing pastoral care to adults with Alzheimer's disease and were literate regarding its treatment.

Kim L. Stansbury; Debra A. Harley; Travonia Brown-Hughes

2010-01-01

481

American Indian Science & Engineering Society (AISES) Programs: Outreach to Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

AISES is a national non-profit organization which nurtures building of community by bridging science and technology with traditional Native values. Through its educational programs, AISES provides opportunities for American Indians and Native Alaskans to pursue studies in science, engineering, and technology arenas. The trained professionals then become technologically informed leaders within the Indian community. AISES' ultimate goal is to be

S. Lacourse

2003-01-01

482

3 CFR 8832 - Proclamation 8832 of June 1, 2012. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...8832 of June 1, 2012. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012 8832 Proclamation...2012 Proc. 8832 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012By the President...long-cherished piece of American culture, music offers a vibrant soundtrack to...

2013-01-01

483

African American leadership groups: smoking with the enemy  

PubMed Central

Background: Among all racial and ethnic groups in the USA, African Americans bear the greatest burden from tobacco related disease. The tobacco industry has been highly influential in the African American community for decades, providing funding and other resources to community leaders and emphasising publicly its support for civil rights causes and groups, while ignoring the negative health effects of its products on those it claims to support. However, the industry's private business reasons for providing such support were unknown. Objective: To understand how and for what purposes the tobacco industry sought to establish and maintain relationships with African American leaders. Methods: Review and analysis of over 700 previously secret internal tobacco industry documents available on the internet. Results: The tobacco industry established relationships with virtually every African American leadership organisation and built longstanding social connections with the community, for three specific business reasons: to increase African American tobacco use, to use African Americans as a frontline force to defend industry policy positions, and to defuse tobacco control efforts. Conclusion: As the tobacco industry expands its global reach, public health advocates should anticipate similar industry efforts to exploit the vulnerabilities of marginalised groups. The apparent generosity, inclusion, and friendship proffered by the industry extract a price from groups in the health of their members. Helping groups anticipate such efforts, confront industry co-optation, and understand the hidden costs of accepting tobacco industry largesse should be part of worldwide tobacco control efforts.

Yerger, V; Malone, R

2002-01-01

484

African Americans in bereavement: grief as a function of ethnicity.  

PubMed

Few empirical studies have explored the grieving process among different ethnic groups within the United States, and very little is known about how African Americans and Caucasians may differ in their experience of loss. The purpose of this study was to examine the African-American experience of grief, with particular emphasis on issues of identity change, interpersonal dimensions of the loss, and continuing attachments with the deceased. Participants were 1,581 bereaved college students (940 Caucasians and 641 African Americans) attending classes at a large southern university. Each participant completed the Inventory of Complicated Grief-Revised, the Continuing Bonds Scale, and questions regarding the circumstances surrounding his or her loss. Results revealed that African Americans experienced more frequent bereavement by homicide, maintenance of a stronger continuing bond with the deceased, greater grief for the loss of extended kin beyond the immediate family, and a sense of support in their grief, despite their tendency to talk less with others about the loss or seek professional support for it. Overall, African Americans reported higher levels of complicated grief symptoms than Caucasians, especially when they spent less time speaking to others about their loss experience. Implications of these findings for bereavement support services for African Americans were briefly noted. PMID:18680889

Laurie, Anna; Neimeyer, Robert A

2008-01-01

485

Ininatig's Gift of Sugar: Traditional Native Sugarmaking. We Are Still Here: Native Americans Today Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes the traditional method of making maple syrup and maple sugar as practiced by the Anishinabe people in Minnesota. It begins with the Ojibway story of Ininatig "the man tree" and how Native Americans have relied on the sugar maple tree for food. It then tells how an Anishinabe man named Porky White continues his people's…

Wittstock, Laura Waterman

486

Bessie Coleman, First African American Pilot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Born on January 26, 1892 in Atlanta, Texas to a family of sharecroppers, Bessie Coleman grew up in poverty. Her father abandoned the family when she was nine, and her elder brothers soon left as well, leaving her mother with the four youngest of her thirteen children. While taking care of her younger sisters, Bessie completed all eight available years of primary education, excelling in math. She enrolled at the Colored Agricultural and Normal University in Langston, Oklahoma in 1910, but lack of funds forced her to leave after only one term. Five years later, she left the South and moved to Chicago to join two of her brothers, Walter and John, where she worked as a beautician for several years. An avid reader, she learned about World War I pilots in the newspaper and became intrigued by the prospect of flying. As a black woman, she had no chance of acceptance at any American pilot school, so she moved to France in 1919 and enrolled at the Ecole d'Aviation des Freres Caudon at Le Crotoy. After returning briefly to the United States, she spent one more term in France practicing more advanced flying before finally settling back in her birth country. She did exhibition flying and gave lectures across the country from 1922 to 1926. While flying, she refused to perform unless the audiences were desegregated. She was test flying a new plane on April 30, 1926 when it malfunctioned, killing both her and the mechanic who was piloting it. Her career as the world's first African American pilot inspired many who followed.

1921-01-01

487

Native American Perceptions of the National Association for Native American Children of Alcoholics: In Their Own Words.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association for Native American Children of Alcoholics (NANACOA) initiated a strategy in 1995 to evaluate their programs and prevention efforts. The design and methodology of the project incorporated a "naturalistic" approach to help preserve cultural integrity and respect multiple perspectives. Data were gathered from archival…

Johnson, Jeannette L.; Plemons, Bradford W.; Starr, Edward; Reyes, Raymond; Fleming, Candace; Latimer, Anna; Trimble, Joseph E.

488

Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities Serving American Indians and Alaska Natives. The N-SSATS Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Substance abuse disorders disproportionately affect minority populations, particularly the American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) population. In 2007, over 1 in 8 American Indians and Alaska Natives aged 12 or older were classified with substance depen...

2009-01-01

489

CRCHD - Northwest Native American Patient Navigation Pilot Program (NW PNP) Contacts  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - Northwest Native American Patient Navigation Pilot Program (NW PNP) Contacts  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Project Listing Northwest Native American Patient Navigation Pilot Program (NW PNP) Patient Navigation Research Program

490

U.S. Geological Survey Activities Related to American Indians and Alaska Natives, Fiscal Year 2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information is a resource for Native American governments, communities, organizations, and people. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides technical expertise, reports, and other impartial information sources that benefit Native Americans interested in...

2003-01-01

491

76 FR 35221 - Epidemiology Program for American Indian/Alaska Native Tribes and Urban Indian Communities...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Epidemiology Program for American Indian/Alaska Native Tribes and Urban...competitive cooperative agreement applications to establish Tribal Epidemiology Centers serving American Indian/Alaska Native Tribes...

2011-06-16

492

Illness beliefs in african americans with hypertension.  

PubMed

Guided by Leventhal's common sense model of illness representations, this study examined the relationship between hypertension beliefs and self-care behaviors necessary for blood pressure (BP) control in a sample of 111 community-dwelling African Americans with hypertension. Participants completed the revised Illness Perception Questionnaire, BP Self-Care Scale, and a demographic data sheet, and had BP measured. Analyses revealed that beliefs about the causes of hypertension differed by gender and educational level. Stress-related causal attributions accounted for 34.7% of the variance in hypertension beliefs. Participants who believed stress or external factors caused hypertension were less likely to engage in healthy self-care behaviors (e.g., keeping doctor visits, eating low-salt, low-fat diets). Results suggest that patients who are nonadherent with hypertension self-care recommendations may hold hypertension beliefs that are not consistent with the medically endorsed views of this disease. To more effectively treat and control BP, providers should assess patients' hypertension beliefs. PMID:23765710

Pickett, Stephanie; Allen, Wilfred; Franklin, Mary; Peters, Rosalind M

2014-02-01

493

76 FR 12132 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Applied Research Facility...Native American human remains determined...Native Hawaiian organizations, museums...unidentifiable human remains that...disposition of such human remains; consulting with Indian...Native Hawaiian organizations and...

2011-03-04

494

78 FR 54416 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996: Announcement of Negotiated...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5650-N-05] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public and...INFORMATION: I. Background The Native American Housing and Assistance and...

2013-09-04

495

77 FR 39452 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996: Notice of Intent To...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FR-5650-N-01] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...program authorized under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

2012-07-03

496

20 CFR 632.13 - Review of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.13...

2009-04-01

497

20 CFR 632.13 - Review of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.13...

2010-04-01

498

Native American Student Participation in Study Abroad: An Exploratory Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploratory case study examines the participation of Native American students in study abroad and institutional policies and practices that either impede or enhance participation. The study surveys all Native students enrolled at the American university that produces the most Native graduates with bachelor's degrees. Although Native students…

Wanger, Stephen P.; Minthorn, Robin Starr; Weinland, Kathryn A.; Appleman, Boomer; James, Michael; Arnold, Allen

2012-01-01

499

Crying for a Vision: The Native American Sweat Lodge Ceremony as Therapeutic Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Native American sweat lodge ceremony or sweat therapy is being used increasingly in various medical, mental health, correctional, and substance abuse treatment centers serving both Native and non-Native clients. This article explores the sweat lodge ceremony's background, elements of Native American spirituality, origin story, cultural…

Garrett, Michael Tlanusta; Torres-Rivera, Edil; Brubaker, Michael; Portman, Tarrell Awe Agahe; Brotherton, Dale; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Conwill, William; Grayshield, Lisa

2011-01-01

500

Genetic Variation and Population Structure in Native Americans  

PubMed Central

We examined genetic diversity and population structure in the American landmass using 678 autosomal microsatellite markers genotyped in 422 individuals representing 24 Native American populations sampled from North, Central, and South America. These data were analyzed jointly with similar data available in 54 other indigenous populations worldwide, including an additional five Native American groups. The Native American populations have lower genetic diversity and greater differentiation than populations from other continental regions. We observe gradients both of decreasing genetic diversity as a function of geographic distance from the Bering Strait and of decreasing genetic similarity to Siberians—signals of the southward dispersal of human populations from the northwestern tip of the Americas. We also observe evidence of: (1) a higher level of diversity and lower level of population structure in western South America compared to eastern South America, (2) a relative lack of differentiation between Mesoamerican and Andean populations, (3) a scenario in which coastal routes were easier for migrating peoples to traverse in comparison with inland routes, and (4) a partial agreement on a local scale between genetic similarity and the linguistic classification of populations. These findings offer new insights into the process of population dispersal and differentiation during the peopling of the Americas.

Ramachandran, Sohini; Ray, Nicolas; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rojas, Winston; Parra, Maria V; Molina, Julio A; Gallo, Carla; Mazzotti, Guido; Poletti, Giovanni; Hill, Kim; Hurtado, Ana M; Labuda, Damian; Klitz, William; Barrantes, Ramiro; Bortolini, Maria Catira; Salzano, Francisco M; Petzl-Erler, Maria Luiza; Tsuneto, Luiza T; Llop, Elena; Rothhammer, Francisco; Excoffier, Laurent; Feldman, Marcus W; Rosenberg, Noah A; Ruiz-Linares, Andres

2007-01-01