Sample records for african american native

  1. African-Native Americans : We Are Still Here

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The William & Anita Newman Library at Baruch College (The City University of New York) has recently added this exhibit to its digital collection. African-Native Americans: We Are Still Here is a photo exhibit that profiles people of joint African American and Native American heritage, with text by Eve Winddancer and photographs by Louis B. Myers.

  2. Hydrogenotrophic microbiota distinguish native Africans from African and European Americans

    PubMed Central

    Nava, Gerardo M.; Carbonero, Franck; Ou, Junhai; Benefiel, Ann C.; O’Keefe, Stephen J.; Gaskins, H. Rex

    2014-01-01

    Summary Reduced susceptibility to sporadic colorectal cancer in native Africans (NA) is correlated with low consumption of animal products and greater microbial production of colonic methane. In this context, two hydrogenotrophic microbial groups are of interest, methanogenic Archaea (MA) utilizing H2 to produce methane and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) generating hydrogen sulfide, which has been linked with chronic inflammatory disorders of the colon. In the present study, stool samples from NA, consuming a diet high in resistant starch and low in animal products, and from African Americans (AA) and European Americans (EA), both consuming a typical Western diet, were examined for genetic diversity and structure of Archaea, MA and SRB communities. In general, a greater proportion of NA than AA and EA harbored the full range of targeted hydrogenotrophic groups. Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of 16S rRNA genes and specific functional genes, combined with multivariate statistical analyses, revealed that NA harbored more diverse and different Archaea and MA populations than AA and EA. Also, NA harbored significantly distinct SRB populations compared to AA and EA. Taken together, these data are consistent with diet selecting for distinct hydrogenotrophic microbiota. PMID:23760794

  3. Worry Regarding Major Diseases Among Older African-American, Native-American, and Caucasian Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara Wilcox; Barbara E. Ainsworth; Michael J. LaMonte; Katrina D. DuBose

    2002-01-01

    This study examined worry regarding seven major diseases and their correlates in a sample of African-American (n = 57), Native-American (n = 50), and Caucasian (n = 53) women ages 36 to 91 years. African-American and Native-American women were most worried about developing cancer (44% and 50%, respectively) while Caucasian women were most worried about osteoporosis (37%) and cancer (33%).

  4. *URM = Underrepresented Minority (African American, Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, Latino, Native American) Funding & Enrollment Sources: OMA&D Fiscal Office/OMA&D Assessment Unit

    E-print Network

    Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

    *URM = Underrepresented Minority (African American, Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, Latino, Native ENROLLMENT 2013 FALL QUARTER 54.5% LATINO 27.2% AFRICAN AMERICAN 10.6% NATIVE AMERICAN 7.7% HAWAIIAN/ PACIFIC such as the College Bound Scholarship Program expand pathways to college for low- income, first

  5. Intrafamilial correlates of overweight and obesity in African-American and Native-American grandparents, parents, and children in rural Oklahoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diana C. Polley; Maria T. Spicer; Ada P. Knight; Ben L. Hartley

    2005-01-01

    Study objectives were to describe overweight in Native-American and African-American three-generation families and to examine relationships among the individual variables of body mass index (BMI), television hours, and activity levels. Forty-four Native-American and 40 African-American families were recruited from 10 sites through community contacts at health, senior, community, and tribal centers. Ninety percent of parents and grandparents had BMIs above

  6. Estimates of African, European and Native American Ancestry in Afro-Caribbean Men on the Island of Tobago

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iva Miljkovic-Gacic; Robert E. Ferrell; Alan L. Patrick; Candace M. Kammerer; Clareann H. Bunker

    2005-01-01

    Background\\/Aims: The Tobago Afro-Caribbean population is a valuable resource for studying the genetics of diseases that show significant differences in prevalence between populations of African descent and populations of other ancestries. Empirical confirmation of low European and Native American admixture may help in clarifying the ethnic variation in risk for such diseases. We hypothesize that the degree of European and

  7. Native American Healing Traditions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tarrell A. A. Portman; Michael T. Garrett

    2006-01-01

    Indigenous healing practices among Native Americans have been documented in the United States since colonisation. Cultural encapsulation has deterred the acknowledgement of Native American medicinal practices as a precursor to folk medicine and many herbal remedies, which have greatly influenced modern medicine. Understanding Native American healing practices requires helping professionals to have knowledge of Native American cultural belief systems about

  8. Native American Stereotypes

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Albion Middle School Library--Mrs. Bates

    2007-03-20

    You have been asked to write an opinion paper on the topic of naming sports teams' mascots after Native Americans. Use the following websites to find information to support your opinions. Why Dont Native Americans Like Sports Teams With Indian Mascots? Sports, Mascots, and Native Americans Native American Mascots: Racial Slur or Cherished Tradition To see another perspective on this topic, read the book Who Will Tell My Brother by Marlene Carvell. ...

  9. Native American Healing Traditions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Portman, Tarrell A. A.; Garrett, Michael T.

    2006-01-01

    Indigenous healing practices among Native Americans have been documented in the United States since colonisation. Cultural encapsulation has deterred the acknowledgement of Native American medicinal practices as a precursor to folk medicine and many herbal remedies, which have greatly influenced modern medicine. Understanding Native American

  10. Traditional healing, biomedicine and the treatment of HIV/AIDS: contrasting south african and native American experiences.

    PubMed

    Flint, Adrian

    2015-04-01

    Traditional healing remains an important aspect of many people's engagement with healthcare and, in this, responses to the treatment of HIV/AIDS are no different. However, given the gravity of the global HIV/AIDS pandemic, there has been much debate as to the value of traditional healing in this respect. Accordingly, this paper explores the extent to which meaningful accommodation between the biomedical and traditional sectors is possible (and/or even desirable). It does this through a consideration of Native American and South African experiences, looking at how the respective groups, in which medical pluralism is common, have addressed the issue of HIV/AIDS. The paper points to the importance of developing "culturally appropriate" forms of treatment that emphasise complementary rather than adversarial engagement between the traditional and biomedical systems and how policymakers can best facilitate this. PMID:25903057

  11. Mental Health: African Americans

    MedlinePLUS

    ... education, employment, and health care. However, strong social, religious, and family connections have helped many African Americans ... church and community to cope. The level of religious commitment among African Americans is high. In one ...

  12. Historic Native Americans

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Miss G

    2011-10-27

    What are the four historic Native American tribes and what are different things involved in their culture? Teacher will give you sheet and as you discover new facts about each historic Native American tribe, write down the type of food they ate and another fact about them on this sheet. Graphic First let's learn some background information ...

  13. Native American Health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Danielle Carlock

    2006-01-01

    Health disparities between Native Americans and the general population of the United States are a major health concern. Traditional healing and culturally competent health care offer much promise in raising the health status of Native Americans. Traditional healing, although uniquely practiced by each indigenous culture, is generally a system of medicine based on the inseparability of mind, body, and spirit.

  14. Native American Homeschooling Association.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rozon, Gina

    2000-01-01

    The Native American Home School Association helps Native parents to provide a good education free from the assimilationist tendencies of public school and to transmit Native values and culture. Discusses various home schooling styles, the effectiveness of home schooling in terms of academic achievement and socialization, and the effectiveness of…

  15. Native American Powerpoint Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Miss Albright

    2009-07-09

    For this project students will research a Native American group that played an influential role in Alabama history. The students will then create a powerpoint describing the primary aspects of that group's heritage. Directions: 1. Choose any one of the Native American tribes we have been learning about in class. 2. Visit the following sites to learn more about the tribe that you have chosen: 1) Access Geneology 2) Native Languages ...

  16. Updated 6/2012 NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR (39 CREDITS)

    E-print Network

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    to Native American Studies 3cr. 201X Indian Culture as Expressed through Language 3cr. 235L&X Oral & Written Indig Comm Dev 2XX African Am & Native Am 291 Special Topics 340 Native American Lit 354X Indians MT. American West 455 Indians, Bison & Horse Pharmacy (PHAR) 320 Am Indian Health Issues Minor or Double Major

  17. Native American Times

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Native American Times makes good on its promise to deliver "today's independent Indian news." The site has a clean design that includes ten sections covering topics like business, culture, education, sports, and powwows. The News area offers a nice digest of what's going on in several areas of interest to Native Americans, with topical headlines that include "Cherokee Art Market Announces Winners" and "Yakama Maintain Wild Horse Race Tradition." The site also includes a great jobs area for folks who might be looking for Native American-focused work in public policy, community development, technology, and other fields.

  18. Native American Resource Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spears, Carl D., Comp.; And Others

    Focusing on the Southeastern American Indian cultures, this Native American resource guide is designed for use in the elementary and secondary schools of the East Baton Rouge Parish and is a product of a 1975 Indian Advisory Committee composed of Indian parents, teachers, and staff members. Objectives of these materials require the Indian student,…

  19. African & African-American Studies University of Kansas

    E-print Network

    ................................................................. 4 Language/Research Skills Requirement........................................................................................................... 9 African & African-American Studies Core Faculty ......................................................... 11 African & African-American Studies Adjunct Faculty

  20. Educating African American Males

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Edward E.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Schools across America spend money, invest in programs, and sponsor workshops, offer teacher incentives, raise accountability standards, and even evoke the name of Obama in efforts to raise the academic achievement of African American males. Incarceration and college retention rates point to a dismal plight for many African American

  1. Guest Editorial: Where Are the Women of Color? Data on African American, Hispanic, and Native American Faculty in STEM

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Marcy H. Towns

    2010-03-04

    In October of 2009, the Committee on Equal Opportunities in Science and Engineer (CEOSE) held a symposium on Women of Color in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; NSF-OAI). The symposium featured data pertaining to Asian, African Amer

  2. Diabetes in African Americans

    PubMed Central

    Marshall, M

    2005-01-01

    African Americans have a high risk for type 2 diabetes. Genetic traits, the prevalence of obesity, and insulin resistance all contribute to the risk of diabetes in the African American community. African Americans have a high rate of diabetic complications, because of poor glycaemic control and racial disparities in health care in the USA. African Americans with diabetes may have an atypical presentation that simulates type 1 diabetes, but then their subsequent clinical course is typical of type 2 diabetes. Culturally sensitive strategies, structured disease management protocols, and the assistance of nurses, diabetic educators, and other health care professionals are effective in improving the outcome of diabetes in the African American community. PMID:16344294

  3. Native American Manuscript Collections

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Based at the University of Oklahoma's Western History Collection, the Native American Manuscript Collections contain over 200 documents relating to Native Americans in Oklahoma, Indian Territory, and the southwestern United States. On the homepage, visitors can browse the manuscripts, which are listed by nation. The Creek Nation area is quite fascinating, as there are over 35 documents here including handwritten journals, trading company ledgers, and letters from farmers like James M. Latty and other Creeks. After this introduction, visitors can browse around through the works of other nations, including the Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw.

  4. Colorectal Cancer in African Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sangeeta Agrawal; Anand Bhupinderjit; Manoop S. Bhutani; Lisa Boardman; Cuong Nguyen; Yvonne Romero; Radhika Srinvasan; Colmar Figueroa-Moseley

    2005-01-01

    Colorectal cancer in African Americans has an increased incidence and mortality relative to Whites. The mean age of CRC development in African Americans is younger than that of Whites. There is also evidence for a more proximal colonic distribution of cancers and adenomas in African Americans.African Americans are less likely to have undergone diagnostic testing and screening for colorectal cancer.

  5. Native Americans' Interest in Horticulture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Mary Hockenberry

    1999-01-01

    Focus groups arranged by local Native American Master Gardeners on two Minnesota reservations determined community interest in extension-horticulture programs. Topics of interest included food preservation and historical Native-American uses of plants. (SK)

  6. African American History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    The Mississippi State University African American History Archive is a great place to start for pointers to African American history sites, as well as an excellent repository of African American history primary documents. The sites include Adonis Productions' Black Pioneers page (with pages on African American pioneers in all fields), Great Day In Harlem (jazz), Mississippi State's AfriGeneas genealogy mailing list and Web site, Small Towns-Black Lives in New Jersey, African American pioneers in Kentucky law, and the International Museum of the Horse's Buffalo Soldier pages. Full text documents include Dr. Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech, Booker T. Washington's "Up From Slavery", Frederick Douglass' "Autobiography" and "My Escape from Slavery", and Henry David Thoreau's "A Plea for Captain John Brown" and "Slavery in Massachussetts", among others. The site also contains African American bibliographies in the arts, education, history, and science, as well as pointers to other African American sites. http://www.msstate.edu/Archives/History/USA/Afro-Amer/afro.html

  7. Symbolicity Among Native Americans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, L. Brooks; Lujan, Philip

    Within the framework of "symbolicity" and "nativistic movement" the paper presents a "reasonably balanced and illustrative" examination of selected negative and positive trends in Native American symbolicity. Symbolicity is defined as the state, condition, and tendency of people to organize their perceptions and experience into symbols and symbol…

  8. Native American Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Evergreen State College

    The Native American Case Studies collection includes more than 80 original, research-based teaching cases focusing on contemporary issues in Indian Country. Teaching notes accompany each case. These can be downloaded and used at no cost. Additional website resources include information on teaching with cases and assessment. Guidelines for submitting cases are also available.

  9. Native American Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, C. Fayne; And Others

    Designed to accommodate a semester course in Native American Literature for secondary students, this teacher's guide includes a general introduction, a statement of the philosophy and goals upon which it is predicated, a nine-week block on post-Columbian literature, a nine-week block on oral literature, separate appendices for each block, a…

  10. Native Americans in Utah

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Albion Middle School Library--Mrs. Bates

    2006-10-10

    This activity will help you learn about some of the early Native American inhabitants of Utah. Look at the following websites and see if you can find some information about one of the following groups of Native Americans in Utah. History of Utah Tribes Goshute Goshute Indians Utah History To Go: Goshute Indians Goshute Indian Reservation Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Navajo People of the Colorado Plateau: Navajo (Dine) History of the Navajo Indians of Utah Navajo Navajo Indians Paiute Paiute Indians of Utah Paiute Native American Desert Peoples: The Paiute People Paiute Indians of Utah Utah History To Go--Piaute Indians Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Shoshone Shoshone History of the Shoshone Indians Shoshoni Lewis and Clark: Native Americans--Shoshone Indians Ute Utah History To Go: Ute Indians People of the Colorado Plateau: The Ute Indians Story of the Ute Tribe Northern Ute Indian History Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes ...

  11. Rebuilding Native American Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coyhis, Don; Simonelli, Richard

    2005-01-01

    The Wellbriety Movement in Native American communities draws on the wisdom and participation of traditional elders. Beginning with a basic community teaching called the Four Laws of Change and the Healing Forest Model, the Wellbriety Movement blends Medicine Wheel knowledge with the 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous to provide culture-specific…

  12. JSTOR: African American Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    JSTOR has available this title in its collection of full-text, online journals. African American Review, the quarterly publication of the Division on Black American Literature and Culture of the Modern Language Association, is published by Indiana State University, and includes Volumes 1-33, 1967-1999. AAR continues Black American Literature Forum (1976-1991) and Negro American Literature Forum (1967-1976). Note: access to JSTOR content is currently available only on a site license basis to academic institutions.

  13. Native American Journalists Association

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Native American Journalists Association (NAJA) is based on the campus of the University of Oklahoma in Norman, OK. NAJA was started in 1984 in order to improve the communications among Native people as well as between Native people and the public. Visitors can click on the "Resources" tab near the top of the page to view, among other things, links to "Job Opportunities", "Internships/Fellowships", and "Publications". Free downloadable versions of "The Reading Red Report" from 2002, 2003, and 2007 can be accessed in the "Publications" link. The 2007 Report gives the visitor the opportunity to see some of the research that NAJA has done on how Natives are depicted in the mainstream newspapers of areas with the highest population of Native peoples. The "Media Links" link, also under the "Resources" tab, has a wealth of information regarding media that would be helpful for any journalists or aspiring journalists. Some of the links include "Journalism Centers", "Journalism Libraries", "Job Sites", and "News Research". Under the "Programs" tab, there is a link to "Students" that has various resources for those pursuing scholarships, internships or finding student chapters of NAJA.

  14. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Native Americans

    PubMed Central

    Nallamothu, Brahmajee K; Saint, Sanjay; Saha, Som; Fendrick, A Mark; Kelley, Keith; Ramsey, Scott D

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND While the efficacy and safety of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been established in several clinical trials, little is known about its outcomes in Native Americans. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS We assessed clinical outcomes associated with CABG in 155 Native Americans using a national database of 18,061 patients from 25 nongovernmental, not-for-profit U.S. health care facilities. Patients were classified into five groups: 1) Native American, 2) white, 3) African American, 4) Hispanic, and 5) Asian. We evaluated for ethnic differences in in-hospital mortality and length of stay, and after adjusting for age, gender, surgical priority, case-mix severity, insurance status, and facility characteristics (volume, location, and teaching status). Overall, we found the adjusted risk for in-hospital death to be higher in Native Americans when compared to whites (odds ratio [OR], 3.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.5 to 9.8), African Americans (OR, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.1 to 9.9), Hispanics (OR, 7.1; 95% CI, 2.5 to 20.3), and Asians (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.1 to 7.0). No significant differences were found in length of stay after adjustment across ethnic groups. CONCLUSIONS The risk of in-hospital death following CABG may be higher in Native Americans than in other ethnic groups. Given the small number of Native Americans in the database (n = 155), however, further research will be needed to confirm these findings. PMID:11556933

  15. Mental Health and African Americans

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Mental Health Mental Health and African Americans Poverty level affects mental health ... compared to 120% of Non-Hispanic Whites. 1 MENTAL HEALTH STATUS Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years ...

  16. Native American geometry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2007-12-12

    This website focuses on Native American use of the physical, proportional geometry that originates from the simple circle. Aimed at 4th to 9th grade teachers, the site is divided into four sections: foundations, anthropology, designs, and education. It was selected by Britannica.com, February 2000, as a best Internet site. Other keywords: geometric shapes, geometric constructions, proportional geometry, proportional constants, polygons, hexagons, equilateral triangles, dodecagons, squares, octagons, connect the dot, art, square roots, irrational numbers, non-random geometry. (Includes about 25 relevant website links and 50 published references)

  17. 78 FR 70956 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ...Information Collection: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...Information Collection: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...funding though several programs to Native American and Alaskan Native...

  18. 78 FR 75365 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-11

    ...Information Collection: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...Information Collection: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...funding though several programs to Native American and Alaskan Native...

  19. Native American Geometry

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hardaker, Chris.

    This Website, sprung from a gifted-and-talented program for K-12 students in Arizona, presents the interesting world of Native American geometry, a system based on the proportional relationship between the radius and circumference of a circle. The eye-pleasing site, divided into sections that include Foundations, Education, Designs, and Anthropology, would be appealing to curious Web surfers along with mathematics students. Geometric principles of proportions and angles are presented in the context of Native American designs, joining art and science and allowing students to learn in a creative, applied fashion. Some highlights of the site include illustrated examples of how corporate logos such as those of Mitsubishi or CBS Television are based on this geometry and a page on the architectural geometries of archaeologic sites such as Chaco Canyon, NM. A brief discussion of the history of circle-based ("string and two sticks") geometry throughout the world and a list of references for teachers are also important parts of this site.

  20. Instructing African American Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Clara Y.; Wright, James V.; Laster, Joseph

    2005-01-01

    Closing the educational achievement gap has been a schooling issue since Brown v. Board of Topeka, Kansas decision. Generally, the learning achievement of elementary and secondary African-American student has been an issue in majority school populations across the United States. And evidence of performance of these students appears to be more…

  1. Physical Activity and Native Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James D. Coble; Ryan E. Rhodes

    2006-01-01

    The physical activity behaviors of Native-American populations in the United States and Canada have received little attention in the health literature. The purpose of this review was to unite the literature regarding the physical activity behaviors of Native Americans. A majority of the literature was obtained using online databases. Reference lists were also reviewed to gain further access to the

  2. Native American Foods and Cookery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Tom; Potter, Eloise F.

    Native Americans had a well-developed agriculture long before the arrival of the Europeans. Three staples--corn, beans, and squash--were supplemented with other gathered plants or cultivated crops such as white potatoes, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, and peanuts. Native Americans had no cows, pigs, or domesticated chickens; they depended almost…

  3. Native American Healing Practices and Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rybak, Christopher J.; Eastin, Carol Lakota; Robbins, Irma

    2004-01-01

    An experiential Native American healing practices course, co-taught by a Native American pastoral counselor and a counselor educator, was offered to graduate counseling students to help them better understand Native American worldviews. A student participant's reflections are included. Students attended Native American ceremonies and learned…

  4. Native-American elders. Health care status.

    PubMed

    Rousseau, P

    1995-02-01

    This article reviews current data relevant to the health care status of elderly Native Americans, a population cohort encompassing American Indians and Alaskan Natives/Aleutians. Several topics are addressed, including the history of Native American health policy, heart disease, diabetes mellitus, cancer, oral health, nutrition, long-term care, and the circumstances of urban Native American elders. PMID:7720023

  5. Alcohol abuse among Native Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roland J. Lamarine

    1988-01-01

    Native Americans have experienced substantial problems with alcohol since its introduction to their culture by early European settlers. Epidemiological data indicate that elevated morbidity and mortality attributable to alcohol abuse among this population remain at epidemic levels. Adolescent drinking patterns and family and peer influences on alcohol use are examined. A multifactorial etiology is indicated in the origin of Native

  6. THE REALIZATION OF NATIVE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY: NON-WESTERN PHILOSOPHY AS A COLONIAL INVENTION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Gene Blocker

    'Chinese philosophy,' 'Indian philosophy,' 'African philosophy,' 'Native American philosophy' - any investigation of non-Western philosophy initiated within Western philosophy must be (can only be) a cross-cultural comparison. 'Philosophy' is an English word (or some related European derivative of the Greek) to which non-Western culture is compared - are certain portions of Chinese, Indian, African, Native American thought sufficiently similar to

  7. Eagle Feather Tutoring Native American Cultural Center

    E-print Network

    Eagle Feather Tutoring Native American Cultural Center 218 Lory Student Center Colorado State American Cultural Center NACC #12;The Eagle Feather Tutoring Program Mission Statement: The Eagle Feather Feather Tutoring Program Native American Cultural Center NACC #12;

  8. Problems in sampling the Native American and Alaska Native populations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    EUGENE P. ERICKSEN

    1997-01-01

    Selecting a scientific national sample of Native Americans and Alaska Natives is difficult for at least four reasons: (1) they are a small proportion of the total population, (2) they are not so segregated that geographic oversampling can reach most of the population, (3) criteria for deciding who is a member of the Native American and Alaska Native population are

  9. Native American Adult Reader I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Lovern Root, Ed.

    Aspects of Native American history and culture as well as issues and concerns of American Indians are presented in the twelve short articles in this reader for adults. Intended for use in an adult basic education/GED program, the reader features simply written stories (for grades 0-3), illustrations, vocabulary lists and student study questions.…

  10. Elder Abuse among African Americans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tauriac, Jesse J.; Scruggs, Natoschia

    2006-01-01

    Perceptions of extreme, moderate, and mild forms of elder abuse among African-American women (n=25) and men (n=10) were examined. African-American respondents emphasized physical abuse when giving examples of extremely abusive behavior. Along with physical abuse, verbal abuse was the most frequently identified form of abuse, and was significantly…

  11. African-Americans and Alcoholism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigmon, Scott B.

    To better serve people in a counseling relationship, it is useful to understand them not only culturally, but demographically as well. This paper traces historical, religious, demographic aspects and treatment of alcohol abuse in African Americans. Historically, alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence have varied for African Americans. During the…

  12. Diet, microbiota, and microbial metabolites in colon cancer risk in rural Africans and African Americans1234

    PubMed Central

    Ou, Junhai; Carbonero, Franck; Zoetendal, Erwin G; DeLany, James P; Wang, Mei; Newton, Keith; Gaskins, H Rex

    2013-01-01

    Background: Epidemiologic studies have suggested that most cases of sporadic colon cancer can be attributed to diet. The recognition that colonic microbiota have a major influence on colonic health suggests that they might mediate colonic carcinogenesis. Objective: To examine the hypothesis that the influence of diet on colon cancer risk is mediated by the microbiota through their metabolites, we measured differences in colonic microbes and their metabolites in African Americans with a high risk and in rural native Africans with a low risk of colon cancer. Design: Fresh fecal samples were collected from 12 healthy African Americans aged 50–65 y and from 12 age- and sex-matched native Africans. Microbiomes were analyzed with 16S ribosomal RNA gene pyrosequencing together with quantitative polymerase chain reaction of the major fermentative, butyrate-producing, and bile acid–deconjugating bacteria. Fecal short-chain fatty acids were measured by gas chromatography and bile acids by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. Results: Microbial composition was fundamentally different, with a predominance of Prevotella in native Africans (enterotype 2) and of Bacteroides in African Americans (enterotype 1). Total bacteria and major butyrate-producing groups were significantly more abundant in fecal samples from native Africans. Microbial genes encoding for secondary bile acid production were more abundant in African Americans, whereas those encoding for methanogenesis and hydrogen sulfide production were higher in native Africans. Fecal secondary bile acid concentrations were higher in African Americans, whereas short-chain fatty acids were higher in native Africans. Conclusion: Our results support the hypothesis that colon cancer risk is influenced by the balance between microbial production of health-promoting metabolites such as butyrate and potentially carcinogenic metabolites such as secondary bile acids. PMID:23719549

  13. The Native American Woman: A Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medicine, Bea

    Presenting varied perspectives describing the Native American woman, this book is divided into six chapters as follows: (1) Native Americans and Anthropology (this chapter illustrates the way in which anthropologists have helped stereotype American Indian women); (2) The Native American Woman in Ethnographic Perspective (emphasizing role…

  14. Native Americans and the Environment

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Created by anthropologist Dr. Alx V. Dark and sponsored by the Center for Conservation Biology at Rice University, this Website promotes the research and study of environmental issues facing Native American communities, particularly the politics of land and treaty rights. The site also explores the "values and historical experiences that Native Americans bring to bear on environmental issues." Native Americans and the Environment provides a bibliographic database, which covers topics such as environmental justice, natural resource utilization, land and treaty rights, and demography and migration. The database currently contains over 1,500 citations, and will be expanded to approximately 3,000 by the end of 1999. The site also includes an extensive directory of hundreds of annotated Internet resources organized by subject and geographic region. In addition, a case studies section is under development and will include environmental problems and their histories, current actions, or solutions; a list of related Internet resources; and a bibliography.

  15. NABS Program: (Native Americans in Biological Science).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gettys, Nancy, Comp.

    1994-01-01

    Describes the four-week summer program of the Native Americans in Biological Sciences Program that engages Native American eighth- and ninth-grade students in studying the problems related to the waste water treatment plant in Cushing, Oklahoma. (MDH)

  16. Obesity and American Indians/Alaska Natives

    MedlinePLUS

    Obesity and American Indians/Alaska Natives American Indian/Alaska Native women are 30% more likely than non- ... findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr12/index.html HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

  17. Eagle Feather Tutoring Native American Cultural Center

    E-print Network

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    Eagle Feather Tutoring Native American Cultural Center 218 Lory Student Center Colorado State living things" -Author Unknown Native American Cultural Center NACC #12;The Eagle Feather Tutoring Program Mission Statement: The Eagle Feather Tutoring Program is designed to increase retention

  18. BachelorofArts/BachelorofEducation NativeAmericanStudies/NativeEducation

    E-print Network

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    .__________________ ___ 3. One of (Art and Literature): ___Native American Studies 2300 - North American Indian Art History and Theory ___Native American Studies 2350 - North American Indian Art Studio ___Native American Studies 2600 American Philosophy ___Native American Studies 2500 - Canadian Indian History ___Native American Studies

  19. Native Americans and Alcoholism Therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alf H. Walle

    2004-01-01

    Substance abuse counselors recognize the diversity of their clients and the fact that specific people have distinct needs and vulnerabilities. Native Americans suffering from alcoholism reflect this reality. Here, the work and perspectives of Handsome Lake, a 19th century spiritual leader of the Iroquois Nation who overcame seemingly incurable alcoholism, are used to show how reaffirming a cultural heritage and

  20. Two Native Americans' Journey Home.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prussia, Leah L.; Krom, Darla R.

    1998-01-01

    Recounts two personal experiences of graduate school work on Indian Reservations. For one student, it was a returning home to the culture she was familiar with but for the other, who only learned about her Native American heritage in high school, it was an awakening. Their experiences led them to consider the identity problems they observed among…

  1. African American Health: A Webliography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Mongold

    2008-01-01

    Health disparities are inequalities in the quality of health and health care across ethnic, racial, and socioeconomic groups. This article focuses on the health disparities of African Americans and identifies several consumer health Internet resources.

  2. AFRICAN AMERICAN IDENTITY COURSE SYLLABUS

    E-print Network

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    Books, 1997, 1999, 2003 Kitwana, Bakari, The Hip-Hop Generation: Young Blacks and the Crisis in African-defeating attitudes and self-destructive behavior?," "What effect has `hip-hop culture' had on American society

  3. Use of Native American Healers Among Native American Patients in an Urban Native American Health Center

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne M. Marbella; Mickey C. Harris; Sabina Diehr; Gerald Ignace; Georgianna Ignace

    1998-01-01

    o gain an understanding of the prevalence, utilization patterns, and practice implications of the use of Native American healers together with the use of physicians, we conducted semistructured interviews at an urban Indian Health Service clinic in Milwaukee, Wisc, of a convenience sample of 150 patients at least 18 years old. The mean age of patients was 40 years, and

  4. The State of Native American Youth Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Div. of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health.

    This survey on the health status of Native American adolescents living on or near reservations was completed by 14,000 American Indian and Alaska Native youths from 50 tribes attending 200 schools in 12 states. Results indicate that most Native teenagers felt their family cared about them a great deal, and many would go to a family member first…

  5. African American Males. A Critical Link in the African American Family.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Dionne J., Ed.

    African Americans are experiencing extreme stress in the United States, and African-American males appear to suffer the most. The chapters in this volume examine some of the issues confronting African-American men today. They include: (1) "Introduction" (Dionne J. Jones); (2) "Reaffirming Young African American Males: Mentoring and Community…

  6. Technical Consulting: The African-American Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitfield, Tracy N.

    2010-01-01

    The qualitative research study explored the organizational characteristics necessary in addressing the low concentration of African American technical consultants employed in the information technology industry. Using research participants' professional experience, participants responded to a developed questionnaire. African American technical…

  7. The 19th Century Native American Poets.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hogan, Linda

    1980-01-01

    The works of four Native American poets, E. Pauline Johnson, Alexander Posey, John Rollin Ridge, and Gertrude Bonnin, are discussed with reference to the late 19th-century federal assimilation policies which were designed to absorb Native Americans into the mainstream of American life. (AN)

  8. Cultural aspects of African American eating patterns

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Collins O. Airhihenbuwa; Shiriki Kumanyika; Tanya D. Agurs; Agatha Lowe; David Saunders; Christiaan B. Morssink

    1996-01-01

    The high mortality from diet?related diseases among African Americans strongly suggests a need to adopt diets lower in total fat, saturated fat and salt and higher in fiber. However, such changes would be contrary to some traditional African American cultural practices. Focus group interviews were used to explore cultural aspects of eating patterns among low? and middle?income African Americans recruited

  9. Correlates of Wellbeing Among African American Lesbians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Suzanne L. Dibble; Michele J. Eliason; Brenda Crawford

    2012-01-01

    Although there is a growing body of knowledge about health among African American women in general, there is a dearth of information on African American lesbians. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the correlates of health-related quality of life among African American lesbians using a cross-sectional anonymous survey with topics and measures developed by members of the

  10. THE STATE OF EDUCATION FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN

    E-print Network

    Knaust, Helmut

    education they need and deserve, and the performance of African American students lags far behind, performance among African American students has risen dramatically in recent years, and gaps between African American and white students have narrowed. It's important, of course, to look at student performance across

  11. Engaging African Americans in Smoking Cessation Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallen, Jacqueline; Randolph, Suzanne; Carter-Pokras, Olivia; Feldman, Robert; Kanamori-Nishimura, Mariano

    2014-01-01

    Background: African Americans are disproportionately exposed to and targeted by prosmoking advertisements, particularly menthol cigarette ads. Though African Americans begin smoking later than whites, they are less likely to quit smoking than whites. Purpose: This study was designed to explore African American smoking cessation attitudes,…

  12. Reconstructing Native American Population History

    PubMed Central

    Reich, David; Patterson, Nick; Campbell, Desmond; Tandon, Arti; Mazieres, Stéphane; Ray, Nicolas; Parra, Maria V.; Rojas, Winston; Duque, Constanza; Mesa, Natalia; García, Luis F.; Triana, Omar; Blair, Silvia; Maestre, Amanda; Dib, Juan C.; Bravi, Claudio M.; Bailliet, Graciela; Corach, Daniel; Hünemeier, Tábita; Bortolini, Maria-Cátira; Salzano, Francisco M.; Petzl-Erler, María Luiza; Acuña-Alonzo, Victor; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Tusié-Luna, Teresa; Riba, Laura; Rodríguez-Cruz, Maricela; Lopez-Alarcón, Mardia; Coral-Vazquez, Ramón; Canto-Cetina, Thelma; Silva-Zolezzi, Irma; Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos; Contreras, Alejandra V.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo; Gómez-Vázquez, María José; Molina, Julio; Carracedo, Ángel; Salas, Antonio; Gallo, Carla; Poletti, Giovanni; Witonsky, David B.; Alkorta-Aranburu, Gorka; Sukernik, Rem I.; Osipova, Ludmila; Fedorova, Sardana; Vasquez, René; Villena, Mercedes; Moreau, Claudia; Barrantes, Ramiro; Pauls, David; Excoffier, Laurent; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rothhammer, Francisco; Dugoujon, Jean Michel; Larrouy, Georges; Klitz, William; Labuda, Damian; Kidd, Judith; Kidd, Kenneth; Rienzo, Anna Di; Freimer, Nelson B.; Price, Alkes L.; Ruiz-Linares, Andrés

    2013-01-01

    The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved1–5. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred via a single6–8 or multiple streams of migration from Siberia9–15. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly understood. To address these questions at higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups genotyped at 364,470 single nucleotide polymorphisms. We show that Native Americans descend from at least three streams of Asian gene flow. Most descend entirely from a single ancestral population that we call “First American”. However, speakers of Eskimo-Aleut languages from the Arctic inherit almost half their ancestry from a second stream of Asian gene flow, and the Na-Dene-speaking Chipewyan from Canada inherit roughly one-tenth of their ancestry from a third stream. We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. A major exception is in Chibchan-speakers on both sides of the Panama Isthmus, who have ancestry from both North and South America. PMID:22801491

  13. NativeTech: Native American Technology and Art

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Prindle, Tara.

    NativeTech, "an educational web site that covers topics of Native American technology and emphasizes the Eastern Woodlands region," is the brainchild of Tara Prindle of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Connecticut. This site is dedicated to disconnecting the term "Primitive" from perceptions of Native American technology and art. Categories include Essays & Articles, Poetry & Stories, Beadwork, Birds & Feathers, Clay & Pottery, Leather & Clothes, Metalwork, Plants & Trees, Porcupine Quills, Stonework & Tools, and Weaving & Cordage. The site provides in-depth information about many crafts from sewing moccasins to preparing clay to specifics on pine needle basketry. For quality, detail and on-target graphics, NativeTech deserves high marks.

  14. Genetic Research and Native American Cultural Issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Romero, Francine; Bemis, Lynne T.; Burhansstipanov, Linda; Dignan, Mark

    Cultural issues relevant to genetic education and research arc the focus of a new and innovative curriculum being developed for Native American college students and health professionals. Genetic Education for Native Americans (GENA) is funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health. The goal of the GENA project is to provide a balance of scientific and cultural information about genetic research, genetic testing, and careers in genetics for Native American students. This article describes issues related to the implementation of GENA and provides an example of an innovative approach to teaching about genetic research among Native American populations.

  15. African American Suicide

    MedlinePLUS

    ... accounted for 83.8% of Caucasian elderly suicides. Firearms were the predominant method of • suicide among African ... on 2012 Data (2014) Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Vital Statistics System. Mortality Data. ...

  16. Spirituality Among Older African Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tonya D. Armstrong; Martha R. Crowther

    2002-01-01

    Recent changes in gerontology have drawn attention to the role of spirituality among older adults. Demographic trends suggest that the number of African Americans over the age of 65 is increasing, with the largest shift to occur in persons 85 years of age and older. Given the paucity of information available regarding the relationship between spirituality and aging along with

  17. African-American Children's Stories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Patricia C.

    Examination of representative stories told by black American children of West African descent in South Carolina shows that specific cultural motifs have been preserved in the oral tradition of black communities. Typical stories are tales of the supernatural, such as the Hag story about mortals who shed their skin at night to do evil deeds.…

  18. Classic African American Children's Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNair, Jonda C.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to assert that there are classic African American children's books and to identify a sampling of them. The author presents multiple definitions of the term classic based on the responses of children's literature experts and relevant scholarship. Next, the manner in which data were collected and analyzed in regard to…

  19. African American Men in College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuyjet, Michael J., Ed.

    2006-01-01

    This book is a much-needed resource that includes examples of real-world programs and activities to enhance academic success in the college environment for African American men. The examples are collected from a variety of institutions across the country. With contributions from leading practitioners and scholars in the field, this book explores…

  20. 78 FR 23206 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-18

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY...forthcoming meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR...established an advisory council for Native American farmers and ranchers. The...

  1. 78 FR 60861 - Native American Tribal Insignia Database

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-02

    ...States Patent and Trademark Office Native American Tribal Insignia Database ACTION...federally and state-recognized Native American tribes under trademark law...federally and state-recognized Native American tribes. In accordance with...

  2. 75 FR 65611 - Native American Tribal Insignia Database

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-26

    ...COMMERCE Patent and Trademark Office Native American Tribal Insignia Database ACTION...federally- and State-recognized Native American tribes under trademark law...federally- and State- recognized Native American tribes. In accordance with...

  3. 75 FR 67907 - National Native American Heritage Month, 2010

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-04

    ...of October 29, 2010 National Native American Heritage Month, 2010 By the...which continue to thrive in Native American communities across our country today. During National Native American Heritage Month, we honor...

  4. 77 FR 66527 - National Native American Heritage Month, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-06

    ...of November 1, 2012 National Native American Heritage Month, 2012 By the...dream. In paying tribute to Native American achievements, we must also acknowledge...educational opportunities for Native American students. It aims to...

  5. 77 FR 43571 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-25

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY...forthcoming meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR...established an advisory Council for Native American farmers and ranchers. The...

  6. 78 FR 49444 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-14

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY...forthcoming meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR...established an advisory council for Native American farmers and ranchers. The...

  7. 77 FR 71396 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-30

    ...Tribal Relations Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY...forthcoming meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR...established an advisory council for Native American farmers and ranchers. The...

  8. 20 CFR 632.11 - Designation of Native American grantees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Designation of Native American grantees. 632.11 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.11...

  9. 76 FR 68623 - National Native American Heritage Month, 2011

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-04

    ...of November 1, 2011 National Native American Heritage Month, 2011 By the...country's heritage. During National Native American Heritage Month, we commemorate...addressing problems that have burdened Native American communities for too long....

  10. 78 FR 70259 - Council for Native American Farming and Ranching

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-25

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY...forthcoming meeting of The Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (CNAFR...established an advisory council for Native American farmers and ranchers. The...

  11. 20 CFR 632.11 - Designation of Native American grantees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false Designation of Native American grantees. 632.11 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.11...

  12. Chronic Liver Disease and American Indians/Alaska Natives

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Chronic Liver Disease Chronic Liver Disease and American Indians/Alaska Natives Among American Indians and Alaska Natives, ... 1 At a glance – Cancer Rates for American Indian/Alaska Natives (2008-2012) Cancer Incidence Rates per ...

  13. Native American Biographies. Multicultural Biographies Collection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seeley, Virginia, Ed.; And Others

    This book, appropriate for secondary students, includes brief biographies of 21 Native Americans of the 20th century. The biographies focus on childhood experiences, cultural heritage, and career goals. The book is divided into four units that feature Native Americans with successful careers in the fields of literature and drama; fine arts and…

  14. In Search of Native American Aesthetics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Leroy N.

    2001-01-01

    The Native American Church meeting is one contemporary inter-tribal form of the ancient peyote spiritual tradition, represented throughout much of North America. With its deeply integrated elements of artistic expression, the cultural context of the peyote ceremony affords an approach to the major issues of Native American aesthetics. Is some…

  15. Genetic Research and Native American Cultural Issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francine Romero; Lynne T. Bemis; Linda Burhansstipanov; Mark Dignan

    2001-01-01

    Cultural issues relevant to genetic education and research arc the focus of a new and innovative curriculum being developed for Native American college students and health professionals. Genetic Education for Native Americans (GENA) is funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health. The goal of the GENA project is to provide a balance of

  16. Eagle Feather Tutoring Native American Cultural Center

    E-print Network

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    Eagle Feather Tutoring Native American Cultural Center LSC West­ Mac Gym Colorado State University, and kinship with all living things" -Author Unknown Native American Cultural Center NACC #12;The Eagle Feather Tutoring Program Mission Statement: The Eagle Feather Tutoring Program is designed to increase retention

  17. Challenges for Multicultural Education: Sociolinguistic Parallels Between African American English and Haitian Creole.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zephir, Flore

    1999-01-01

    Focuses on the issue of Black native languages in the educational system in the context of curricular reforms emanating from the multicultural education movement. Examines how multicultural education has dealt with the needs and concerns of African Americans and Haitians. Looks at well-publicized African American and Haitian educational events in…

  18. The Native American Fish & Wildlife Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Patricia

    2002-01-01

    The Native American Fish & Wildlife Society helps over 200 tribes and Alaska Native villages implement best management practices, informs them about wildlife issues, provides hazardous materials training, trains game wardens, and conducts a summer practicum for Native youth on environmental issues and careers in natural resource fields.…

  19. The African-American house as a vehicle of discovery for an African-American architecture

    E-print Network

    Clarke, Charles E. (Charles Edward)

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this research is three-fold: (1) This thesis seeks to uncover evidence of a distinctly African-American architectural form. The primary building type observed will be the house, or the housing of African-Americans ...

  20. 76 FR 46832 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Assessment of Native American...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-03

    ...Collection to OMB; Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native, and Native...information describing the needs of the Native American, Alaska Native, and Native...prior to the passage of the Native American Housing Assistance and...

  1. Social support unique to African American mothers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Doris Noel Ugarriza

    2006-01-01

    The aim of the study was the identification of the cultural postpartum prevention practices of African American families.\\u000a Using qualitative methods, 30 postpartum African American mothers were assessed for their degree of acculturation into the\\u000a Anglo-American culture. The mothers were interviewed to ascertain their postpartum depression prevention practices. Degree\\u000a of acculturation was ascertained using the Landrine & Klonoff (1995) African

  2. Beginning Library Research on African American Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This research site provides a reference guide on the historical and contemporary experiences of African Americans. It was composed by Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Services and contains numerous subject categories, including race/identity, press, literature, and history. It lists African American Studies Encyclopedias and Handbooks, biographical sources, book annotations, videos, and links to other related sites. It is an excellent place to start for those conducting research in the field of African American Studies.

  3. Hair care practices in African American women.

    PubMed

    Quinn, Chemene R; Quinn, Timothy M; Kelly, A Paul

    2003-10-01

    Hair care in African American women is wrought with historical and cultural issues. Dermatologists need to improve their understanding of hair and scalp disorders in their African American patient population by being informed about the styling methods commonly used by and for these patients. The styling habits described in this article are intended to encompass the hairstyles adapted by a wide range of African American women with varying hair textures. PMID:14604079

  4. African-American Hair: Tips for Everyday Care

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Health and beauty Hair care African-American hair African-American hair: Tips for everyday care Unique in appearance and structure, African-American hair is especially fragile and prone to injury ...

  5. Use of Native American healers among Native American patients in an urban Native American health center.

    PubMed

    Marbella, A M; Harris, M C; Diehr, S; Ignace, G; Ignace, G

    1998-01-01

    To gain an understanding of the prevalence, utilization patterns, and practice implications of the use of Native American healers together with the use of physicians, we conducted semistructured interviews at an urban Indian Health Service clinic in Milwaukee, Wisc, of a convenience sample of 150 patients at least 18 years old. The mean age of patients was 40 years, and the sex distribution was 68.7% women and 31.3% men. Thirty tribal affiliations were represented, the largest groups being Ojibwa (20.7%), Oneida (20.0%), Chippewa (11.3%), and Menominee (8.0%). We measured the number of patients seeing healers and gathered information on the types of healers, the ceremonies used for healing, the reasons for seeing healers, and whether patients discuss with their physicians their use of healers. We found that 38.0% of the patients see a healer, and of those who do not, 86.0% would consider seeing one in the future. Most patients report seeing a healer for spiritual reasons. The most frequently visited healers were herbalists, spiritual healers, and medicine men. Sweat lodge ceremonies, spiritual healing, and herbal remedies were the most common treatments. More than a third of the patients seeing healers received different advice from their physicians and healers. The patients rate their healer's advice higher than their physician's advice 61.4% of the time. Only 14.8% of the patients seeing healers tell their physician about their use. We conclude that physicians should be aware that their Native American patients may be using alternative forms of treatment, and they should open a respectful and culturally sensitive dialogue about this use with their patients. PMID:9519925

  6. Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A cooperative effort from the University of Oklahoma Law Center, the National Indian Law Library (NILL), and Native American tribes, this site offers access to the full texts of selected legal documents. Among these are Constitutions, Tribal Codes, Charters, Indian Land Titles, and summaries of recent US Supreme Court cases that have involved or affected Native Americans. At present, the Project provides only about 30 documents total, but scholars and users with an interest in Native American legal issues will want to monitor the site.

  7. Internship Programs for Native American Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nall, J.

    2004-12-01

    The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center is practicing a unique program for the implementation of internship programs for Native American students. The approach we developed was created with input from tribal communities, and has been well received from both the Native American and Agency perspectives. Culturally meaningful research assignments, advance communication with the Colleges, and a well planned agenda of activities and opportunities to network are aspects which will be covered. In this session we will share our approach with others who are interested in effective internship and mentoring plans for Native American students.

  8. Explorative study of African Americans and internet dating 

    E-print Network

    Spates, Kamesha Sondranek

    2005-02-17

    ....................................... 43 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Much of African American literature focuses on negative aspects of the African American community. Absence and shortage of the African American male, single female headed households, and children... family and describe the dilemmas that affect their unique positions. I will address several of the ways in which society ?invalidates? the adult African American male, the adult African American female and African American children. Subsequently, I...

  9. Gifted Native American Students: Underperforming, Under-Identified, and Overlooked

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gentry, Marcia; Fugate, C. Matthew

    2012-01-01

    There has been limited focus among researchers on the nature and needs of gifted Native American students in the past 30 years, and the work that has been done frequently generalizes findings across Native American cultures. This article reviews recent literature on Native American youth and on gifted Native American students; examines the current…

  10. Asthma and American Indians/Alaska Natives

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the American Indian or Alaska Native adult population: United States, 2004-2008, Table 4. http://www.cdc.gov/ ... Source: CDC 2006. The State of Childhood Asthma, United States, 1980-2005. Table B. http://www.cdc.gov/ ...

  11. A College Program for Native Americans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schultz, Raymond E.; Azure, Pete

    1977-01-01

    Describes a successful program designed by Central Oregon Community College in cooperation with the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs to service Native Americans who live 60 miles from campus and have a culture and language of their own. (DC)

  12. The Dilemma of Native American Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamarine, Roland

    1989-01-01

    This article relates the poor health status of Native Americans to low self-esteem, inadequate formal education, poverty, and a traditional value system which has been ignored or disparaged by White society. Recommendations for health education are made. (IAH)

  13. Preventing substance use among native american youth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven P Schinke; Lela Tepavac; Kristin C Cole

    2000-01-01

    This study developed and tested skills- and community-based approaches to prevent substance abuse among Native American youth. After completing pretest measurements, 1,396 third- through fifth-grade Native American students from 27 elementary schools in five states were divided randomly by school into two intervention arms and one control arm. Following intervention delivery, youths in all arms completed posttest measurements and three

  14. Reducing Cancer Risk among Native American Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven P. Schinke; Beverly Singer; Kristin Cole; Isobel R. Contento

    1996-01-01

    Background.This article discusses the development, implementation, and preliminary testing of an intervention to reduce cancer risks through tobacco use prevention and dietary modification among Native American youth in the Northeastern United States.Methods.The intervention outcome study includes a research design and outcome measurement instruments. In collaboration with Native American communities, reservations, and organizations in the Northeastern United States, implementation of the

  15. Native american alcoholism: A transcultural counseling perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence French

    1989-01-01

    Alcohol-related mental and physical health problems are critical problems among Native Americans. The intensity of these problems increased proportionately to the destruction of traditional\\/aboriginal ways. Despite centuries of attempts at physical and cultural genocide a semblance of traditionalism survived to the presence among many tribal groups. Nonetheless the vast majority of contemporary Native Americans are ‘marginal’—caught between their traditional culture

  16. Recruitment Is Not Enough: Retaining African American Students in Gifted Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, James L., III; Ford, Donna Y.; Milner, H. Richard

    2005-01-01

    In public school systems all around the country, educators--teachers, counselors, and administrators--have made significant progress in identifying and recruiting diverse populations in gifted and enrichment programs. Despite the efforts, too many African American students and other students of color (e.g., Hispanic Americans and Native Americans)…

  17. The State of Native American Youth Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Div. of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health.

    Between 1988 and 1990, nearly 14,000 American Indian and Alaska Native adolescents living in rural areas and on reservations participated in the Adolescent Health Survey of health and risk behaviors. Although the findings may not be representative of Native adolescents, as a convenience sample was used, some findings of the survey were: (1) less…

  18. HYPERTENSION TELEMANAGEMENT IN AFRICAN AMERICANS

    PubMed Central

    Finkelstein, Joseph; Cha, Eunme

    2009-01-01

    Background We propose evaluation of a multi-component home automated telemanagement (HAT) system providing integrated support to both clinicians and patients in implementing hypertension treatment guidelines. Methods In a randomized clinical study 550 African Americans with hypertension are followed for 18 months. The major components of the intervention and control groups are identical and are based on the current standard of care. For the purpose of this study, we define “standard of care” as the expected evidence-based care provided according to the current hypertension treatment guidelines. While intervention and control groups are similar in terms of their care components, they differ in the mode of care delivery. For the control group the best attempt is made to deliver all components of a guideline-concordant care in a routine clinical environment whereas for the intervention group the routine clinical environment is enhanced with Health Information Technology (IT) that assists clinicians and patients in working together in implementing treatment guidelines. The HAT system guides patients in following their individualized treatment plans and helps care coordination team in monitoring the patient progress. The study design is aimed at addressing the main question of this trial: whether the addition of the IT-enhanced care coordination in the routine primary care setting can improve delivery of evidence-based hypertension care in African Americans. The outcome parameters include quality of life, medical care utilization, treatment compliance, psychosocial variables and improvement in blood pressure control rates. Conclusions The trial will provide insight on the potential impact of IT-enhanced care coordination in African Americans with poorly controlled hypertension. PMID:20031848

  19. African Americans’ Perception of Mental Health Professions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin A. Fall; Justin E. Levitov; Latoya Anderson; Harold Clay

    2005-01-01

    This study explored African-Americans perceptions of various mental health professions through the ranking of confidence levels across five case vignettes of varying psychiatric severity. Results indicated that African-Americans viewed psychologists and doctoral level licensed professional counselors with similar levels of confidence and ranked doctoral level licensed professional counselors above masters level counselors in every case example. Congruent with previous studies,

  20. African American hypertensives: Cognition and self care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kay Louise Klymko

    2006-01-01

    Problem. While evidence is present supporting aging and hypertension's association with cognitive decline, few, if any, studies have related cognition, self-care, and blood pressure outcomes in African American elders with hypertension. Purpose. The purposes of this study were to: (a) describe types of cognitive functions in elder hypertensive African Americans, (b) test relationships among concepts in a mid-range theory derived

  1. African-American Student Achievement Research Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagstaff, Mark; Melton, Jerry; Lawless, Brenda; Combs, Linda

    Data from the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) reveal that gains in performance for the African American student population of Region VII of the state's educational system were not keeping pace with the performance of African Americans in the rest of Texas. This study investigated practices in school districts in the region in which…

  2. Wisconsin's Mass Incarceration of African American Males

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    Wisconsin's Mass Incarceration of African American Males: Workforce Challenges for 2013 Prepared by John Pawasarat and Lois M. Quinn Employment and Training Institute University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee 2013 #12;Wisconsin's Mass Incarceration of African American Males: Workforce Challenges of 2013 1

  3. Counseling Preferences of African American Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jacqueline R.; Wermeling, Linda

    2007-01-01

    African American women hold the greatest need for mental health services among ethnic groups but receive effective counseling least often. This study investigated their preferences of counseling services. Results revealed that the type of service delivery might not be as salient to African American women as counselor-client racial similarity.

  4. Teaching African American History: A Literary Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackey, Gerald; Tolbert, Gail W.

    1995-01-01

    Describes a unit which offers high school students a broader perspective on African American history in general and African American writers in particular. Describes how students choose a book (from a list with synopses) to read and then choose at least one activity (again from a list) to complete. (SR)

  5. Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

    2009-01-01

    The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

  6. Hidden Education among African Americans during Slavery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gundaker, Grey

    2007-01-01

    Background/Context: Historical studies examine aspects of African American education in and out of school in detail (Woodson 1915, 1933, Bullock 1970, Anderson 1988, Morris 1982, Rachal 1986, Rose 1964, Webber 1978, Williams 2005). Scholars of African American literacy have noted ways that education intersects other arenas such as religion and…

  7. National African American Photographic Archive

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This glorious collection is a collaborative effort between the University Libraries, University of Memphis and Ampro Industries, Inc. of Memphis. The project's goal is "to collect, scan, and make available to the public photographs and informative metadata illustrating the daily and work lives and social activities of African Americans." Currently the project has over 450 items that are searchable by name or available for browsing. First-time visitors may want to start by looking at the Robert R. Church Family of Memphis slideshow. This visual vignette features studio portraits of the Church family and images taken in a variety of settings. [KMG

  8. Needs and Issues of Latino and Native American Nonparental Relative Caregivers: Strengths and Challenges Within a Cultural Context

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen Kopera-Frye

    2009-01-01

    While custodial grandparenting historically has been more prevalent among African Americans, kinship care is increasing nationally among all culturally diverse groups. Custodial grandparenting and kinship care are becoming more common among Latino and Native American cultures. However, there are few studies examining needs and issues faced by these relative caregivers, particularly grandparents. In-depth interviews were conducted with Latino and Native

  9. Autism and the African American community.

    PubMed

    Gourdine, Ruby M; Baffour, Tiffany D; Teasley, Martell

    2011-01-01

    It is estimated that autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect 1 in 500 live births per year. However, due to varying techniques for diagnosis and treatment, the disability remains the subject of debate. African Americans tend to suffer disproportionate rates of disability and disease when compared to other racial and ethnic groups due to access to preventative and curative care. However, evidence demonstrates that although rates of diagnosis for autism occur at the same rates in all racial groups, diagnosis in African American children occurs later than in White children. As a result, African American children may require longer and more intensive intervention. This article examines the etiology of autism, diagnosis, and treatment strategies and its impact on African American families. A case method approach is utilized to describe the impact of autism on an African American family. Implications for future research and professional practice and policy are discussed. Understanding autism is important as it relates to the human genome. PMID:21707353

  10. Traditional African Informal Instructional Paradigm in African and African-American Children's Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osa, Osayimwense

    1997-01-01

    Demonstrates the use of African storytelling for informal teaching of African traditions and values in today's African-American community. The instruction is shown in content and context in three literary works: "An African Night's Entertainment,""The Passport of Mallam Ilia," and "The Secret of Gumbo Grove." (MMU)

  11. 78 FR 65440 - Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) Inviting Applications for the Native American CDFI Assistance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ...Inviting Applications for the Native American CDFI Assistance Program (NACA...Native Community'' means a Native American, Alaska Native, or Native Hawaiian...CDFIs that quality for the Native American CDFI Assistance (NACA)...

  12. The Radical Conscience in Native American Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook-Lynn, Elizabeth

    1991-01-01

    Discusses popular culture as instrument of social change and as perpetuator of distortions of American Indian history. Examines the mission of Native American studies in the context of the 1960s' radicalization of academic thought, and argues that this mission is to contribute to the continuation of Indian Nations. (SV)

  13. The Changing Dimension of Native American Health: A Critical Understanding of Contemporary Native American Health Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Gregory R.

    1989-01-01

    Traces the medical history of Native Americans since European contact. Provides background for this issue's articles concerning Native Americans and acquired immune deficiency syndrome, diabetes, substance abuse, disabilities, health problems of infants and the elderly, urban health care, and the influence of world view on health. Contains 50…

  14. Infant Mortality and American Indians/Alaska Natives

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Native > Infant Heath & Mortality Infant Mortality and American Indians/Alaska Natives American Indian/Alaska Natives have 1.6 times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites. American Indian/Alaska Native babies are 1.8 times as ...

  15. Cultural Strengths to Persevere: Native American Women in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waterman, Stephanie J.; Lindley, Lorinda S.

    2013-01-01

    Beginning with an overview of historical perspectives of Native American women, this article includes some discussion of values and practices of contemporary Native American women, data pertaining to Native American women's participation in higher education, and an introduction of familial cultural capital, community cultural wealth, Native

  16. The African-American History of Martha's Vineyard.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weintraub, Elaine

    1993-01-01

    Reports on research into African American history and experiences in Martha's Vineyard (Massachusetts). Examines primary sources and oral traditions of African American cultural and social history from 1703 to the present. Discusses African American sailors, race relations, and contributions by African American individuals to the community. (CFR)

  17. SNPs and Haplotypes in Native American Populations

    PubMed Central

    Kidd, Judith R.; Friedlaender, Françoise; Pakstis, Andrew J.; Furtado, Manohar; Fang, Rixun; Wang, Xudong; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Kidd, Kenneth K.

    2013-01-01

    Autosomal DNA polymorphisms can provide new information and understanding of both the origins of and relationships among modern Native American populations. At the same time that autosomal markers can be highly informative, they are also susceptible to ascertainment biases in the selection of the markers to use. Identifying markers that can be used for ancestry inference among Native American populations can be considered separate from identifying markers to further the quest for history. In the current study we are using data on nine Native American populations to compare the results based on a large haplotype-based dataset with relatively small independent sets of SNPs. We are interested in what types of limited datasets an individual laboratory might be able to collect are best for addressing two different questions of interest. First, how well can we differentiate the Native American populations and/or infer ancestry by assigning an individual to her population(s) of origin? Second, how well can we infer the historical/evolutionary relationships among Native American populations and their Eurasian origins. We conclude that only a large comprehensive dataset involving multiple autosomal markers on multiple populations will be able to answer both questions; different small sets of markers are able to answer only one or the other of these questions. Using our largest dataset we see a general increasing distance from Old World populations from North to South in the New World except for an unexplained close relationship between our Maya and Quechua samples. PMID:21913176

  18. 77 FR 45649 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Assessment of Native American...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ...Comment on the Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...Title of Proposal: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...funding though several programs to Native American and Alaskan Native...

  19. Native American Authors: An IPL bibliographic project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Created by five graduate students at the University of Michigan, this bibliographic site covers approximately 400 Native American authors, 700 books and 200 URLs. The collected information may be accessed by browsing author name, book title, or tribe. Author pages list tribe and works, and most have links to web pages that focus on the author. Each tribe also has a page with links, and each book has a page with bibliographic data. This is not a site with content about particular authors; rather, it offers an annotated bibliography of print and web sources that will help anyone interested in learning more about Native American authors.

  20. Coronary artery bypass grafting in Native Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brahmajee K. Nallamothu; Sanjay Saint; Som Saha; A. Mark Fendrick; Keith Kelley; Scott D. Ramsey

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND: While the efficacy and safety of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been established in several clinical trials,\\u000a little is known about its outcomes in Native Americans.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We assessed clinical outcomes associated with CABG in 155 Native Americans using a national database of 18,061 patients from\\u000a 25 nongovernmental, not-for-profit U.S. health care facilities. Patients were

  1. Native Americans: 23 Indian Biographies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Axford, Roger W.

    The lives and careers of 24 contemporary American Indians, including Dr. Louis W. Ballard (musician and composer, Cherokee and Sioux); Charles Banks Wilson (artist and historian); Veronica L. Murdock (President of the National Congress of American Indians, Mohave); Peter MacDonald, Sr. (Chairman of the Navajo Tribal Council, Navajo); and Jim…

  2. Identification of common cystic fibrosis mutations in African-Americans with cystic fibrosis increases the detection rate to 75%.

    PubMed Central

    Macek, M; Mackova, A; Hamosh, A; Hilman, B C; Selden, R F; Lucotte, G; Friedman, K J; Knowles, M R; Rosenstein, B J; Cutting, G R

    1997-01-01

    Cystic fibrosis (CF)--an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and characterized by abnormal chloride conduction across epithelial membranes, leading to chronic lung and exocrine pancreatic disease--is less common in African-Americans than in Caucasians. No large-scale studies of mutation identification and screening in African-American CF patients have been reported, to date. In this study, the entire coding and flanking intronic sequence of the CFTR gene was analyzed by denaturing gradient-gel electrophoresis and sequencing in an index group of 82 African-American CF chromosomes to identify mutations. One novel mutation, 3120+1G-->A, occurred with a frequency of 12.3% and was also detected in a native African patient. To establish frequencies, an additional group of 66 African-American CF chromosomes were screened for mutations identified in two or more African-American patients. Screening for 16 "common Caucasian" mutations identified 52% of CF alleles in African-Americans, while screening for 8 "common African" mutations accounted for an additional 23%. The combined detection rate of 75% was comparable to the sensitivity of mutation analysis in Caucasian CF patients. These results indicate that African-Americans have their own set of "common" CF mutations that originate from the native African population. Inclusion of these "common" mutations substantially improves CF mutation detection rates in African-Americans. PMID:9150159

  3. Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans

    Cancer.gov

    Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans New Hanover Regional Medical Center Coastal Area Health Education Center University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of North Carolina at Wilmington Report given at the Program Steering Committee

  4. African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet

    MedlinePLUS

    ... in the African American population • Culture biases against mental health professionals and health care professionals in general prevent ... disadvantage in terms of accessing both medical and mental health care: in 2006, one-third of working adult ...

  5. Native Americans in Public Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westberg, Jane

    2003-01-01

    The Family Spirit Project provides health and parenting education and in-home support to Navajo and Apache teen parents. The public-health careers of Native professionals allied with the project are described, including a public health administrator, a trainer of field workers, and a medical researcher specializing in communicable diseases that…

  6. Minority Women's Health: American Indians/Alaska Natives

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Minority Women's Health > American Indians/Alaska Natives Minority Women's Health American Indians/Alaska Natives Related information How to ... to Your Doctor or Nurse Illnesses and disabilities Women's health statistics Indian Health Service of the U.S. Department ...

  7. African American Men and Intimate Partner Violence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Earl Smith

    2008-01-01

    Drawing on interviews with African American males in violent intimate relationships, this paper focuses on individual causes\\u000a (exposure to violence), cultural causes (constructions of masculinity) and structural causes (unemployment and incarceration)\\u000a of intimate partner violence (IPV) among African American men. IPV is “triggered” by two threats to masculinity, though I\\u000a focus exclusively on the first trigger (breadwinning). The analyses are

  8. Native American Entrepreneurs in North Dakota

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary A. Goreham; Richard W. Rathge

    1991-01-01

    This report is an analysis of themes that emerged from interviews with 21 Native American entrepreneurs who live on North Dakota Indian reservations. The purpose of the study was to determine factors associated with entrepreneurial success on these reservations. A review of the data led to the following highlights: Most of the entrepreneurs credited their parents with having the greatest

  9. American Indian-Alaska Native Youth Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blum, Robert W.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Surveyed 13,454 rural Native American adolescents. Found 2 percent reported poor physical health and high rates of health-compromising behaviors, which were significantly correlated with physical or sexual abuse, suicide attempts, substance abuse, poor school performance, and poor nutrition. Academic risk was strongly associated with physical,…

  10. Native American Rights Fund: 1982 Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Native American Rights Fund, Boulder, CO.

    The 1982 annual report of the Native American Rights Fund (NARF), a non-profit organization specializing in the protection of Indian rights, explains the organization, its structure, its priorities, its activities, and its financial status. Opening statements by the chairman, Roger Jim, and the executive director, John Echohawk, note that despite…

  11. Woodland Culture Area. Native American Curriculum Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Cathy; Fernandes, Roger

    One in a series of Native American instructional materials, this booklet introduces elementary students to the tribes of the woodland culture area, extending from the Mississippi River to the Atlantic Ocean and from Florida to the Great Lakes. Written in simple language, the booklet provides an overview of the regional culture, as well as,…

  12. Technology Leadership in Native American Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Jayson W.; McLeod, Scott

    2011-01-01

    Principals of schools serving Native American students have a unique role as technology leaders. They must be cognizant of technological demands, government mandates, as well as unique societal and cultural needs. In this study, the researchers conducted interviews with nine principals in federally-funded, Bureau of Indian Education schools that…

  13. Anthropological Studies of Native American Place Names.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Thomas F.

    1997-01-01

    Traces development of Native American place name studies from Boas (1880s) to the present. Argues that place names convey information about physical environments but also reveal how people perceive, conceptualize, and utilize their environment. Suggests the utility of place names as a framework for cultural analysis and describes recent…

  14. State Legislation Relating to Native Americans, 1991.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, James B.

    1991-01-01

    This report summarizes legislative activities in states that enacted bills and resolutions relating to Native Americans in 1991. Conflicts between states and the Indian tribes within their borders were the subject of significant legislation in 1991. In all, 220 bills and resolutions were introduced in state legislatures; 77 passed and 20 are still…

  15. Native American Health Promotion and Disease Prevention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Two Feathers, Jackie

    1999-01-01

    Asserts that there are growing concerns among Native-American communities regarding chronic health problems, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Provides health resources specific to particular tribes or regions, which can be applied to other indigenous people. Lists programs and organizations, databases, videos, Internet sites,…

  16. Massachusetts Historical Society: Photographs of Native Americans

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Photographic portraits of Native Americans from the central and western United States are prominent in the collection of the Massachusetts Historical Society because of four Bostonian collectors who were active from the 1860s to the early 1900s. The portraits are in several different forms that were popular at the time of their production. Cartes de Visite ("calling cards"), platinotypes, photogravures, and tintypes are all represented in the collection. The striking photograph on the homepage, "The Sunset of a Dying Race", was typical of the theme of early photographs of Native Americans. Visitors should click on the title underneath the photo to read about the manipulations the photographer, Joseph Dixon, engaged in to create the romantic theme of the vanishing Native American. Visitors should check out the "Photographs of Adam Clark Vroman", a photographer who didn't romanticize his Native American photographic subjects. His subjects were "photographed simply, directly, and sympathetically." In addition to portraits, he also took beautiful photographs of the landscapes of the Southwestern United States.

  17. Eagle Feather Tutoring Native American Cultural Center

    E-print Network

    Rutledge, Steven

    Eagle Feather Tutoring Native American Cultural Center 218 Lory Student Center Colorado State Eagle Feather Tutoring Program Mission Statement: The Eagle Feather Tutoring Program is designed State University Fort Collins, CO 80523-8033 Phone: (970) 491-1332 Fax: (970) 491-2659 Eagle Feather

  18. Eagle Feather Tutoring Native American Cultural Center

    E-print Network

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Eagle Feather Tutoring Native American Cultural Center LSC West­ Mac Gym Colorado State University living things" -Author Unknown #12;The Eagle Feather Tutoring Program Mission Statement: The Eagle Feather Tutoring Program is designed to increase retention and graduation rates for all students

  19. Wisdomkeepers: Meetings with Native American Spiritual Elders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arden, Harvey; Wall, Steve

    This book documents meetings with Native American elders who shared their tribal stories of origin, sacred traditions, social life and customs, and traditional wisdom. The idea for the book began when a Cherokee medicine man requested that his tribal knowledge be documented for future generations. For the past 10 years, the spiritual elders of…

  20. Updated 6/2012 NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MINOR (21 CREDITS)

    E-print Network

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    Peoples 340 Native American Lit 354X Indians in MT since Res Era 360 Native Am & Cinema 388 Native Am Gender Issues in NAS 430 American Indian Education 464X Indian Affairs to 1776 465X Indian Affairs 369 20 th C. American West 455 Indians, Bison & Horse Pharmacy (PHAR) 320 Am Indian Health Issues #12;

  1. 21 CFR 1307.31 - Native American Church.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Native American Church. 1307.31 Section...Exempt Persons § 1307.31 Native American Church. The listing of...fide religious ceremonies of the Native American Church, and members of the...

  2. 21 CFR 1307.31 - Native American Church.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Native American Church. 1307.31 Section...Exempt Persons § 1307.31 Native American Church. The listing of...fide religious ceremonies of the Native American Church, and members of the...

  3. 21 CFR 1307.31 - Native American Church.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Native American Church. 1307.31 Section...Exempt Persons § 1307.31 Native American Church. The listing of...fide religious ceremonies of the Native American Church, and members of the...

  4. 21 CFR 1307.31 - Native American Church.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Native American Church. 1307.31 Section...Exempt Persons § 1307.31 Native American Church. The listing of...fide religious ceremonies of the Native American Church, and members of the...

  5. Native Americans and Cancer Risks: Moving Toward Multifaceted Solutions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hilary N. Weaver

    2010-01-01

    Native Americans experience some of the poorest health statistics of any people in the United States, including rising cancer risks. If we are to truly understand and address health concerns among Native Americans, we need multifaceted interventions and policy solutions. Much of the current attention to Native American health issues examines behavioral health patterns and related interventions (that is, smoking

  6. Diabetes mellitus in Native Americans: The problem and its implications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. M. Venkat Narayan

    1997-01-01

    Since World War II, diabetes has become one of the most common serious diseases among Native Americans. Rates of diabetes and its complications, which include premature death, renal failure, and limb amputation, are substantially higher among Native Americans than among the US general population, and the frequency of diabetes among Native Americans is increasing. Several potentially modifiable factors, including obesity,

  7. Adapting Manualized Treatments: Treating Anxiety Disorders Among Native Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tami De Coteau; Jessiline Anderson; Debra Hope

    2006-01-01

    Although there is a small but growing body of literature examining the psychopathology of anxiety among Native Americans, no data are available regarding the efficacy of empirically supported treatments for anxiety disorders among Native Americans. Moreover, exceptional challenges arise in adapting mainstream approaches to Native Americans, such as language barriers, contrasting beliefs about the cause and treatment of emotional illness

  8. The Delivery of Culturally Sensitive Health Care to Native Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tony R. Sanchez; Judith A. Plawecki; Henry M. Plawecki

    1996-01-01

    Cultural factors significantly influence the Native American's perspectives of traditional professional health care practices. To most effectively deal with Native American clients, health care providers must understand, respect, and demonstrate sensitivity to the values and implications of the Native American culture. A basic understanding of a group's cultural beliefs, values, and practices will enable the holistic nurse to appreciate the

  9. Injury Prevention Awareness in an Urban Native American Population.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, James S. J.; Williams, Scott D.

    1991-01-01

    A survey of 50 Native American and 100 other families assessed injury prevention awareness and practices among urban Native Americans in Salt Lake City (Utah). Native American families were less aware of and less likely to practice prevention than others. These characteristics are more likely caused by low-income status than culture. (SLD)

  10. Compliment Responses: Comparing American Learners of Japanese, Native Japanese Speakers, and American Native English Speakers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatsumi, Naofumi

    2012-01-01

    Previous research shows that American learners of Japanese (AJs) tend to differ from native Japanese speakers in their compliment responses (CRs). Yokota (1986) and Shimizu (2009) have reported that AJs tend to respond more negatively than native Japanese speakers. It has also been reported that AJs' CRs tend to lack the use of avoidance or…

  11. African American Pastors' Beliefs and Actions Regarding Childhood Incest in the African American Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wells, Tesia Denis

    2012-01-01

    This quantitative study sought to explore African American pastors' beliefs and actions regarding childhood incest in the African American community and their decisions to inform the proper authorities. This exploratory study was developed in order to draw both public and academic attention to the understudied phenomenon of childhood incest…

  12. Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

    2009-01-01

    The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

  13. African Magazines for American Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, Sanford

    1970-01-01

    From the varied spectrum of African periodical publishing, a selection of particular interest - an annotated bibliography of English-language titles produced wholly (or mainly) by Africans in Africa. (Editor/JB)

  14. African American Leaders' Perceptions of Intergroup Conflict.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madsen, Jean A.; Mabokela, Reitumetse Obakeng

    2002-01-01

    Examined how African American principals perceived intergroup conflict, acknowledging their leadership concerns in working with European American participants in desegregated suburban schools. Interview data indicated that these leaders were cultural integrators and consensus builders who had acquired an understanding of diversity and had…

  15. 76 FR 25703 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment on the Assessment of Native American...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-05

    ...Comment on the Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...Title of Proposal: Assessment of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian...the United States. Under the Native American Housing and Self...

  16. 45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section... THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native American Projects §...

  17. 45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section... THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native American Projects §...

  18. 45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section... THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native American Projects §...

  19. 45 CFR 1336.30 - Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Eligibility under sections 804 and 805 of the Native American Programs Act of 1974. 1336.30 Section... THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native American Projects §...

  20. Attracting Native Americans to computing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roli Varma

    2009-01-01

    Introduction In the last two decades, the racial\\/ethnic composition of those earning computer science (CS) bachelor's degrees has changed in the U.S. Between 1985 and 2005, the proportion of CS bachelor's degrees awarded to White students declined from 80% to 55%. The proportion awarded to Asians increased from 5% to 12%, to Afro-Americans from 6% to 11%, to Hispanics from

  1. Characterizing the learning styles and testing the science-related attitudes of African American middle school students: Implications for the underrepresentation of African Americans in the sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perine, Donald Ray

    African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and women are underrepresented among the population of scientists and science teachers in the United States. Specifically, the shortage of African Americans teaching math and science at all levels of the educational process and going into the many science-related fields is manifested throughout the entire educational and career structure of our society. This shortage exists when compared to the total population of African Americans in this country, the population of African American students, and to society's demand for more math and science teachers and professionals of all races. One suggestion to address this problem is to update curricular and instructional programs to accommodate the learning styles of African Americans from elementary to graduate school. There is little in the published literature to help us understand the learning styles of African American middle school students and how they compare to African American adults who pursue science careers. There is also little published data to help inform us about the relationship between learning styles of African American middle school students and their attitudes toward science. The author used a learning styles inventory instrument to identify the learning style preferences of the African American students and adults. The preferences identified describe how African American students and African American adult science professionals prefer to function, learn, concentrate, and perform in their educational and work activities in the areas of: (a) immediate environment, (b) emotionality, (c) sociological needs, and (d) physical needs. The learning style preferences for the students and adults were not significantly different in key areas of preference. A Test of Science-Related Attitudes (TOSRA) was used to measure seven distinct science-related attitudes of the middle school students. A comparison of the profile of the mean scores for the students in this study to a national norm, comprised of students of all races, showed no significant differences. The attitudes that African American middle school students have toward science are influenced by science professionals (role models), their parents, and their teachers. This correlates directly with the high preference for Parent Motivated and Teacher Motivated learning style preferences.

  2. Home Front as Warfront: African American World War I Drama

    E-print Network

    Egging, Anna Katherine

    2010-08-31

    This dissertation recovers little-known African American World War I plays that blur the boundary between the home front and warfront. I argue that with this focus, the plays wage their own war for African American citizenship ...

  3. A Qualitative Description of African American Women's Breastfeeding Experiences

    E-print Network

    Spencer, Becky

    2012-08-31

    The low rates of breastfeeding among African American women in the U.S. is a poorly understood, persistent disparity that contributes to higher incidences of morbidity and mortality for African Americans across the lifespan. ...

  4. Charting the pipeline: Identifying the critical elements in the development of successful African American scientists, engineers, and mathematicians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian Anthony Williams

    2003-01-01

    Many educational researchers are concerned with the apparent poor performance of different racial and ethnic groups in the fields of science, engineering, and mathematics in the United States. Despite improvements in the performance of African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans in these areas over the past decade, these groups are still less likely to enroll in advanced math and

  5. Challenges to Native American health care.

    PubMed

    Noren, J; Kindig, D; Sprenger, A

    1998-01-01

    Native American health care programs face complex and unprecedented challenges resulting from the increased assumption of clinical operations by tribal authorities, shortfalls in Federal funding, modifications in state and Federal health and welfare programs, and intensifying involvement with managed care organizations. These challenges are further complicated by service populations that are increasing at a faster rate than the growth in funding. The authors conducted onsite surveys of 39 Native American health programs in 10 states in order to assess the organizational and management problems they faced. The trend toward transfer of health programs from the Indian Health Service to tribal operation seems likely to continue and accelerate. The survey results indicate that in order for programs to be effective in the long run, they will need to be guided by skilled managers able to adapt to these powerful changes in the health care environment. PMID:9885525

  6. Challenges to Native American health care.

    PubMed Central

    Noren, J; Kindig, D; Sprenger, A

    1998-01-01

    Native American health care programs face complex and unprecedented challenges resulting from the increased assumption of clinical operations by tribal authorities, shortfalls in Federal funding, modifications in state and Federal health and welfare programs, and intensifying involvement with managed care organizations. These challenges are further complicated by service populations that are increasing at a faster rate than the growth in funding. The authors conducted onsite surveys of 39 Native American health programs in 10 states in order to assess the organizational and management problems they faced. The trend toward transfer of health programs from the Indian Health Service to tribal operation seems likely to continue and accelerate. The survey results indicate that in order for programs to be effective in the long run, they will need to be guided by skilled managers able to adapt to these powerful changes in the health care environment. Images p[23]-a p27-a p28-a p30-a PMID:9885525

  7. The Teaching of Afrocentric Values by African American Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Harriet

    1997-01-01

    Examines the extent to which four indices of African self-consciousness are operating in suburban African-American families. It presents examples of African self-consciousness illustrating how the perceptions of African-American children living in predominantly White suburbs are shaped by family, church, school, and social interactions. Parental…

  8. Native American Families and Child Neglect

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Miriam J. Landsman; Margaret Tyler

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents findings from an NCCAN-funded study of family functioning in neglecting families and in a comparison group of low-income families with no prior referrals for child neglect. It examines a sub-sample of a larger study of 77 Native American families from two states: Iowa and Oregon. Data were gathered through structured interviews with families and self-report measures completed

  9. Fine-mapping IGF1 and prostate cancer risk in African Americans: the multiethnic cohort study.

    PubMed

    Giorgi, Elena E; Stram, Daniel O; Taverna, Darin; Turner, Stephen D; Schumacher, Fredrick; Haiman, Christopher A; Lum-Jones, Annette; Tirikainen, Maarit; Caberto, Christian; Duggan, David; Henderson, Brian E; Le Marchand, Loic; Cheng, Iona

    2014-09-01

    Genetic variation at insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) has been linked to prostate cancer risk. However, the specific predisposing variants have not been identified. In this study, we fine-mapped the IGF1 locus for prostate cancer risk in African Americans. We conducted targeted Roche GS-Junior 454 resequencing of a 156-kb region of IGF1 in 80 African American aggressive prostate cancer cases. Three hundred and thirty-four IGF1 SNPs were examined for their association with prostate cancer risk in 1,000 African American prostate cancer cases and 991 controls. The top associated SNP in African Americans, rs148371593, was examined in an additional 3,465 prostate cancer cases and 3,425 controls of non-African American ancestry-European Americans, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and Native Hawaiians. The overall association of 334 IGF1 SNPs and prostate cancer risk was assessed using logistic kernel-machine methods. The association between each SNP and prostate cancer risk was evaluated through unconditional logistic regression. A false discovery rate threshold of q < 0.1 was used to determine statistical significance of associations. We identified 8 novel IGF1 SNPs. The cumulative effect of the 334 IGF1 SNPs was not associated with prostate cancer risk (P = 0.13) in African Americans. Twenty SNPs were nominally associated with prostate cancer at P < 0.05. The top associated SNP among African Americans, rs148371593 [minor allele frequency (MAF) = 0.03; P = 0.0014; q > 0.1], did not reach our criterion of statistical significance. This polymorphism was rare in non-African Americans (MAF < 0.003) and was not associated with prostate cancer risk (P = 0.98). Our findings do not support the role of IGF1 variants and prostate cancer risk among African Americans. PMID:24904019

  10. Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans.

    PubMed Central

    Sorvillo, F.; Smith, L.; Kerndt, P.; Ash, L.

    2001-01-01

    Trichomonas vaginalis may be emerging as one of the most important cofactors in amplifying HIV transmission, particularly in African-American communities of the United States. In a person co-infected with HIV, the pathology induced by T. vaginalis infection can increase HIV shedding. Trichomonas infection may also act to expand the portal of entry for HIV in an HIV-negative person. Studies from Africa have suggested that T. vaginalis infection may increase the rate of HIV transmission by approximately twofold. Available data indicate that T. vaginalis is highly prevalent among African-Americans in major urban centers of the United States and is often the most common sexually transmitted infection in black women. Even if T. vaginalis increases the risk of HIV transmission by a small amount, this could translate into an important amplifying effect since Trichomonas is so common. Substantial HIV transmission may be attributable to T. vaginalis in African-American communities of the United States. PMID:11747718

  11. Examining Cultural Socialization Within African American and European American Households

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth M. Tyler; Monica L. Dillihunt; A. Wade Boykin; Sean T. Coleman; Darla M. Scott; Christina M. B. Tyler; Eric A. Hurley

    2008-01-01

    This preliminary study explored the cultural socialization processes of 227 African American and European American parents of elementary schoolchildren. The Cultural Value Socialization Scales (K. M. Tyler, A. W. Boykin, C. M. Boelter, & M. L. Dillihunt, 2005) were used to garner parents' reports of their cultural value socialization activities at home. The scales contained written vignettes depicting persons involved

  12. Acculturation and cigarette smoking among African American adults

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elizabeth A. Klonoff; Hope Landrine

    1996-01-01

    The relationship between acculturation and cigarette smoking among African Americans was examined with 444 adults. Results revealed that African American smokers were more traditional (less acculturated) than their nonsmoking counterparts, irrespective of gender, and that acculturation was a better predictor of smoking than status variables such as income and education. The prevalence of smoking among traditional African Americans was 33.6%

  13. A qualitative analysis of health promotion among older African Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tamika R. Sanchez-Jones

    2006-01-01

    Disparities in health have placed African American elders at risk for poor health outcomes. African American elders suffer from disproportionate rates of morbidity and mortality. Health promotion activities aimed at reducing health risk have not been widely studied and require further understanding.The purpose of this ethnographic content analysis was to investigate the health-promoting lifestyle behaviors of community dwelling African American

  14. Going to School: The African-American Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lomotey, Kofi, Ed.

    This volume presents the views of a range of African-American educators on questions related to African-American academic achievement. The concern in this volume is with the persistent, pervasive, and disproportionate underachievement of African-American students. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1, "Problem Identification," comprises the…

  15. African American Acculturation and Black Racial Identity: A Preliminary Investigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pope-Davis, Donald B.; Liu, William M.; Ledesma-Jones, Shannon; Nevitt, Jonathan

    2000-01-01

    Examines the relationship between acculturation and racial identity among African Americans. One hundred eighty-seven African American students completed the Black Racial Identity Attitude Scale and the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS). Acculturation was associated with three of the five AAAS subscales: Dissonance, Immersion, and…

  16. From Crisis to Empowerment: African American Women in Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Marcie Ann

    2012-01-01

    Social challenges tear at the fabric of the African American family, revealing complexities that identify a de facto leader, the African American woman. She exists in a chasm of overt circumstances which heavily influences her successes. The purpose of this study is to identify factors that motivated seven female African American community college…

  17. Resistance to Conversion to Islam Among African American Women Inmates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Felecia Dix-Richardson

    2002-01-01

    While the tendency to convert to Islam is common among African American male inmates, Islamic conversion among African American female inmates does not commonly occur. Educated estimates and telephone interviews with chaplains of major female correctional institutions in Florida and Alabama, indicate that Islamic conversion among African American female inmates is extremely low. Why is there such a stark contrast

  18. Exploring School Engagement of Middle-Class African American Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sirin, Selcuk R.; Rogers-Sirin, Lauren

    2004-01-01

    Because of the scarcity of knowledge about middle-class African American adolescents, the present study explored psychological and parental factors in relation to academic performance. The participants were 336 middle-class African American students and their biological mothers. The findings suggest that for African American middle-class…

  19. African American Single Mothers Raising Sons: Implications for Family Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gantt, Ann L.; Greif, Geoffrey L.

    2009-01-01

    Being raised by a single mother is one factor that has been suggested as contributing to the plight of African American males. Yet few studies have focused specifically on African American single mothers' experiences with raising sons. This qualitative study explored the following questions: (1) What are the experiences of African American single…

  20. African-American Males' Health Perceptions and Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeal, CoSandra; Perkins, Isaac; Lyons, Shenia

    2006-01-01

    Research on African American men's health is limited. Perception and knowledge of health may have a significant effect on health seeking behavior and self care. This study was designed to examine factors that may influence health perception and knowledge among African American males. This is a cross-sectional study of 343 African American males…

  1. Everyday Conflict and Stress Among Older African American Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia Flynn Weitzman; Robert Dunigan; Robert L. Hawkins; Eben A. Weitzman; Sue E. Levkoff

    2001-01-01

    Older African American women are at high risk for morbidity due to anger suppression and stress. Yet sources of everyday stress and conflict in the lives of older African American women have not been documented. Such information is essential for developing health promotion programs. A focus group study was conducted with older African American women on everyday stress and conflict.

  2. Conducting Children's Health Insurance Outreach in African American Communities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Jacqueline

    In 1998, 19.7 percent of African American children were uninsured. Since a majority of African American children live in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line, they are eligible for free or low-cost insurance coverage. This report presents strategies for facilitating the recruitment and enrollment of African American

  3. Natives and Academics: Researching and Writing about American Indians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mihesuah, Devon A., Ed.

    This anthology provides Native perspectives on the ethics of researching, writing about, and teaching about American Indians, and may be used as a text for discussion in American Indian Studies classes. Leading Native scholars discuss the representativeness of Native informants, the merits of various data collection methods, the role and veracity…

  4. Dimensions of Acculturation in Native American College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Amy L.; Sodano, Sandro M.; Ecklund, Timothy R.; Guyker, Wendy

    2012-01-01

    Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were applied to the responses of two respective independent samples of Native American college students on the Native American Acculturation Scale (NAAS). Three correlated dimensions were found to underlie NAAS items and these dimensions may also comprise a broader higher order dimension of Native

  5. Youth Assets and Sexual Abstinence in Native American Youth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roy F. Oman; Sara K. Vesely; Cheryl B. Aspy; Eleni Tolma; Sharon Rodine; LaDonna Marshall; Janene Fluhr

    2006-01-01

    Compared with youth of other races\\/ethnicities, Native American youth (ages 15-19 years) are more likely to have participated in sexual intercourse, thus placing them at greater risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unintended pregnancies. This study's purpose was to investigate relationships among protective factors (assets) and sexual intercourse in a Native American youth population. Data were collected from Native

  6. Recent health trends in the Native American population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. KUE YOUNG

    1997-01-01

    This paper reviews the changes in the health status of Native Americans since the mid-1950s, how the disease pattern differs from non-Natives, and regional differences within the Native American population. Despite some limitations, data from the Indian Health Service indicate that substantial decline in the infant mortality rate and mortality from such infectious diseases as tuberculosis and gastroenteritis has occurred.

  7. Developing suicide prevention programs for African American youth in African American churches.

    PubMed

    Molock, Sherry Davis; Matlin, Samantha; Barksdale, Crystal; Puri, Rupa; Lyles, Joseph

    2008-06-01

    Suicide prevention programs for African American youth in African American churches may have broad appeal because: (1) the Black Church has a strong history of helping community members, regardless of church membership; (2) African Americans have the highest level of public and private religiousness; and (3) the church can help shape religious and cultural norms about mental health and help-seeking. The proposed gatekeeper model trains lay helpers and clergy to recognize the risk and protective factors for depression and suicide, to make referrals to the appropriate community mental health resources, and to deliver a community education curriculum. Potential barriers and suggestions for how to overcome these barriers are discussed. PMID:18611131

  8. The management of hypertension in African Americans.

    PubMed

    Ferdinand, Keith C; Armani, Annemarie M

    2007-06-01

    The prevalence of hypertension in blacks in the United States is among the highest in the world. Compared with whites, blacks develop hypertension at an earlier age, their average blood pressures are much higher and they experience worse disease severity. Consequently, blacks have a 1.3 times greater rate of nonfatal stroke, 1.8 times greater rate of fatal stroke, 1.5 times greater rate of heart disease death, 4.2 times greater rate of end-stage kidney disease, and a 50% higher frequency of heart failure; overall, mortality due to hypertension and its consequences is 4 to 5 times more likely in African Americans than in whites. The increased prevalence of hypertension and excessive target organ damage is due to a combination of genetic and, most likely, environmental factors. There are no clinical trial data at present to suggest that lower-than-usual BP targets should be set for high-risk demographic groups such as African Americans. The primary means of prevention and early treatment of hypertension in African Americans will be the appropriate use of lifestyle modification. The International Society of Hypertension in Blacks guidelines realize that most patients will require combination therapy, many of them first-line, to reach appropriate BP goals. Although certain classes and combinations of antihypertensive agents have been well-established to be effective, the choice of drugs for combination therapy in African American patients may be different. Within the African American group, the responsiveness to monotherapy with ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and beta blockers may be less than the responsiveness to diuretics and calcium channel blockers, but these differences are corrected when diuretics are added to the neurohormonal antagonists. Of note, African American patients with systolic BP >15 mm Hg or a diastolic BP >10 mm Hg above goal should be treated with first-line combination therapy. PMID:17667868

  9. Cancer Education Resources for American Indians and Alaska Natives. Supplement to Native American Monograph No. 1: Documentation of the Cancer Research Needs of American Indians and Alaska Natives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burhansstipanov, Linda, Comp.; Barry, Kathleen Cooleen, Comp.

    This directory provides information on cancer education materials that have been developed specifically for American Indians and Alaska Natives. The goal is to develop and implement culturally appropriate cancer prevention and control programs for Native Americans. The directory includes a matrix of cancer education materials that identifies…

  10. Native Americans: We Are Here. Newsweek Social Studies Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, Beverly

    This teaching guide contains objectives, activities, vocabulary, suggested readings, visuals, and readings divided into four units of instruction about Native Americans. Unit I examines the history of Native Americans on the North American continent from the precolonial period to the present. Unit II explores representative tribes of the eastern…

  11. The genetic ancestry of African Americans, Latinos, and European Americans across the United States.

    PubMed

    Bryc, Katarzyna; Durand, Eric Y; Macpherson, J Michael; Reich, David; Mountain, Joanna L

    2015-01-01

    Over the past 500 years, North America has been the site of ongoing mixing of Native Americans, European settlers, and Africans (brought largely by the trans-Atlantic slave trade), shaping the early history of what became the United States. We studied the genetic ancestry of 5,269 self-described African Americans, 8,663 Latinos, and 148,789 European Americans who are 23andMe customers and show that the legacy of these historical interactions is visible in the genetic ancestry of present-day Americans. We document pervasive mixed ancestry and asymmetrical male and female ancestry contributions in all groups studied. We show that regional ancestry differences reflect historical events, such as early Spanish colonization, waves of immigration from many regions of Europe, and forced relocation of Native Americans within the US. This study sheds light on the fine-scale differences in ancestry within and across the United States and informs our understanding of the relationship between racial and ethnic identities and genetic ancestry. PMID:25529636

  12. The Genetic Ancestry of African Americans, Latinos, and European Americans across the United States

    PubMed Central

    Bryc, Katarzyna; Durand, Eric Y.; Macpherson, J. Michael; Reich, David; Mountain, Joanna L.

    2015-01-01

    Over the past 500 years, North America has been the site of ongoing mixing of Native Americans, European settlers, and Africans (brought largely by the trans-Atlantic slave trade), shaping the early history of what became the United States. We studied the genetic ancestry of 5,269 self-described African Americans, 8,663 Latinos, and 148,789 European Americans who are 23andMe customers and show that the legacy of these historical interactions is visible in the genetic ancestry of present-day Americans. We document pervasive mixed ancestry and asymmetrical male and female ancestry contributions in all groups studied. We show that regional ancestry differences reflect historical events, such as early Spanish colonization, waves of immigration from many regions of Europe, and forced relocation of Native Americans within the US. This study sheds light on the fine-scale differences in ancestry within and across the United States and informs our understanding of the relationship between racial and ethnic identities and genetic ancestry. PMID:25529636

  13. Body-Image Perceptions among Urban Native American Youth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimberly Rinderknecht; Chery Smith

    2002-01-01

    Objective: This study investigated body-image perceptions among Native American youth.Research Methods and Procedures: A modified and validated body-image measure for use with Native American youth was utilized in a cross-sectional assessment of 155 urban Native American youth attending an after-school program in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The youth (ages 5 to 18 years) expressed their perceptions of current and ideal body image,

  14. Sibling Relationships in Rural African American Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brody, Gene H.; Stoneman, Zolinda; Smith, Trellis; Gibson, Nicole Morgan

    1999-01-01

    A family process model was used to link mothers' and fathers' psychological functioning to sibling relationship quality in a sample of 9- to 12-year-old African American youth (N=85) living in the rural Southeastern United States. Better parental psychological functioning was linked to more supportive relationships in the family, and youth in…

  15. Cajun, Creole, and African American Literacy Narratives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Nicole Pepinster

    2005-01-01

    This article examines students' narrative responses to reading professional literacy histories. Demonstrating the importance of narrative as a way of learning, it shows how elementary education majors of diverse backgrounds explore their relation with language in a traditional grammar class. Cajun, Creole, and African American students recover…

  16. Promotive Parenting Practices among African American Mothers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams-Wheeler, Meeshay

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine communication/reasoning, behavioral control, and trust as predictors of resourcefulness among African American children during middle childhood (6-12 years of age). Mothers who practice promotive socialization strategies are more likely to rear children who are socially competent and well adjusted. Multiple…

  17. Examining School Engagement of African American Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sirin, Selcuk; Jackson, Lisa R.

    This study investigated the impact of behavioral and affective factors on 688 African American high school students' academic performance, examining the relationship between school engagement, educational expectations, self-esteem, and school achievement; noting differences between males and females; and discussing whether behavioral and affective…

  18. Language and the African American Child

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Lisa J.

    2011-01-01

    How do children acquire African American English? How do they develop the specific language patterns of their communities? Drawing on spontaneous speech samples and data from structured elicitation tasks, this book explains the developmental trends in the children's language. It examines topics such as the development of tense/aspect marking,…

  19. African American's Perceptions of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders; Akbar, Maysa D.; Bazile, Anita

    The attitudes and beliefs about utilization of mental health services of 201 African Americans, 18 years and older, are explored. One hundred and thirty-four females and 66 males participated in mixed sex focus groups conducted in an urban, Midwestern city. Discussion probes addressed participant perceptions of psychotherapists and psychotherapy,…

  20. African Americans and Teen Dating Violence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Racine Renee Henry; Senem Zeytinoglu

    2012-01-01

    This literature review focuses on the prevalence rates of teen dating violence in the United States, emergence of dating violence research, reasons of teen dating violence in the African American community, consequences of it regarding physical and mental health, and the impact of it on psychological and physical health. The research shows a trickledown effect of racism, low socio-economic status,

  1. Experiential Education for Urban African Americans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jennifer G.; McGinnis, J. Randy

    1995-01-01

    Stresses the importance of experiential educators being prepared to teach environmental education to students in specific contexts. A model for urban African American students includes the introduction and selection of a relevant local environmental issue; teaching strategies to investigate the issue; and techniques for initiating environmental…

  2. African Americans in Television: An Afrocentric Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tait, Alice A.; Perry, Robert L.

    1994-01-01

    Proposes that, historically and contemporarily, African Americans were and are severely underrepresented in the Eurocentric press, portrayed stereotypically, depicted in low-status occupational roles, and denied news or public affairs programs to adequately serve their informational needs. Theories on mass media's impact on society and individuals…

  3. Participation of African Americans in Clinical Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gloria J. Bonner; Toni P. Miles

    1997-01-01

    Researchers throughout the United States have developed an increased interest in recruiting minority groups into studies. Such increased interests have been encouraged by the federal agencies that have mandated diversity in study populations. This editorial attempts to explore salient issues pertinent to the recruitment and retention of African Americans and cites culturally specific recruitment strategies that have been successfully applied

  4. H-Afro-Am: African-American Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    H-Afro-Am is a new H-Net sponsored, moderated discussion list for professionals, faculty, and advanced students in African American Studies. The discussion list will focus on the African Diaspora, mainly on the US experience. H-Afro-Am is also the official voice of the Collegium for African American Research in Europe (CAAR), established in 1992 to promote African American scholarship from an international perspective.

  5. Lift every voice: voices of African-American lesbian elders.

    PubMed

    Woody, Imani

    2015-01-01

    Old lesbians of African descent have experienced racism, heterosexism, homophobia, and ageism. This article explores the topics of aging, ageism, heterosexism, and minority stress among older African-American lesbians. The narratives and subsequent analysis offer significant contributions to the dialogue regarding Black aging lesbians in the aging and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities generally and in the African-American and African-American lesbian communities specifically. PMID:25575321

  6. Native American Affairs: Department of Commerce

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The United States Department of Commerce has an active Native American Affairs program whose work is coordinated by a team of government professionals and advisors. On the homepage, visitors can learn about the program's advising work, which includes outreach related to small businesses, intertribal relations, and reservation-based economic development programs. Visitors can look over the Policy area, as it contains key documents like the official tribal consultation and coordination policy for the department. A valuable area of the site is the Resources section, which lists online resources from other government agencies, including NOAA, the Census Bureau, and the Patent and Trademark Office.

  7. Native American mtDNA prehistory in the American Southwest

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ripan S. Malhi; Holly M. Mortensen; Jason A. Eshleman; Brian M. Kemp; Joseph G. Lorenz; Frederika A. Kaestle; John R. Johnson; Clara Gorodezky; David Glenn Smith

    2003-01-01

    This study examines the mtDNA diver- sity of the proposed descendants of the multiethnic Ho- hokam and Anasazi cultural traditions, as well as Uto- Aztecan and Southern-Athapaskan groups, to investigate hypothesized migrations associated with the Southwest region. The mtDNA haplogroups of 117 Native Americans from southwestern North America were determined. The hypervariable segment I (HVSI) portion of the control region

  8. Gallstones in American Indian/Alaska Native Women

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Minority Women's Health > American Indians/Alaska Natives Minority Women's Health Gallstones Health conditions common in American Indian and ... federal government website managed by the Office on Women’s Health in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for ...

  9. Technological politics and the political history of African-Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce Cosby

    1995-01-01

    This dissertation is a critical study of technopolitical issues in the history of African American people. Langdon Winner's theory of technopolitics was used to facilitate the analysis of large scale technologies and their compatibility with various political ends. I contextualized the central technopolitical issues within the major epochs of African American political history: the Atlantic slave trade, the African artisans

  10. Teaching Experiences of African American Educators in the Rural South

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polidore, Ellene; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

    2010-01-01

    A scarcity of research exists regarding the voices of African American teachers who taught in the rural South. In this study, we report the life experiences, perceptions, thoughts, and feelings of three female African American educators as they pertain to their experiences teaching before, during, and after desegregation. Three female African

  11. Reflections of Native American Teen Mothers

    PubMed Central

    Palacios, Janelle; Kennedy, Holly Powell

    2010-01-01

    Objective To understand the previously lived experience of early childbearing among adult Native American women. Design A community-based participatory research approach. Setting The first interview took place at a mutually agreed upon time and place and averaged 120 minutes. Second interviews were conducted 1 to 3 months later. Participants A convenience sample of 30 self-identified Native American adult women was recruited, and a semi-structured interview explored their early childbearing experiences. Method An interpretive phenomenological study was conducted with a Northwestern tribe. Results All of the women in the study described stressful childhoods. Two primary themes were identified: “Chaotic childhoods,” represented stressful events in youth that introduced or resulted in ongoing chaos in women’s lives. “Diminished childhoods” was used to describe early maturity as a result of assuming extensive responsibilities at a young age. Conclusions The findings suggest that the childhood experiences described by participants may be related to the risk for early childbearing. Prospective research should examine the relationship between young women’s lives and early childbearing in order to design interventions to support them in postponing pregnancy and when they do become pregnant. PMID:20629929

  12. Working shifts: Perceptions of African American community members and shift workers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ericka King-Betts

    2008-01-01

    This research study examined African American shift workers, family and friends of African American shift workers, and African American community members' perceptions of shift work. In order to gain a clearer understanding of African Americans' perceptions of shift work, focus groups were conducted. By taking a qualitative approach and examining the views held by African American shift workers, friends and

  13. African-Centered Education: An Approach to Schooling for Social Justice for African American Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marks, Jay B.; Tonso, Karen L.

    2006-01-01

    This essay argues that offering African American students an African-centered education is one way to promote social justice in public education. We begin with a summary of the inadequate educations offered to many African American students, and then use philosophical interpretations of equal educational opportunity to delineate the requirements…

  14. 76 FR 39007 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations- Definition of “Indian Tribe”

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-05

    ...43 CFR Part 10 RIN 1024-AD98 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...regulations implementing the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...responsible for implementation of the Native American Graves Protection and...

  15. 76 FR 795 - Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-06

    ...Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated...given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...remains of 124 individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the...

  16. 78 FR 27995 - Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-13

    ...Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated...given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...agency that has control of the Native American human remains and...

  17. 40 CFR 255.33 - Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations. 255.33 Section...Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations. Major Federal facilities and Native American Reservations should be...

  18. 20 CFR 632.125 - Responsibilities of Native American grantees, subgrantees and contractors for preventing fraud...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... false Responsibilities of Native American grantees, subgrantees and...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS...632.125 Responsibilities of Native American grantees, subgrantees...

  19. 40 CFR 255.33 - Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations. 255.33 Section...Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations. Major Federal facilities and Native American Reservations should be...

  20. 78 FR 21410 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-10

    ...PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP14.R50000] Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...1988), of two meetings of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...1988), of two meetings of the Native American Graves Protection and...

  1. 38 CFR 36.4527 - Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...false Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands. 36...4527 Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands. ...make a direct housing loan to a Native American veteran if: (1) The...

  2. 75 FR 17953 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee Findings Related to the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-08

    ...INTERIOR National Park Service Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...Service, Interior. ACTION: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...responsibilities pursuant to the Native American Graves Protection and...

  3. 78 FR 45903 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996: Negotiated Rulemaking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-30

    ...Docket No. FR-5650-N-04] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public and...INFORMATION: I. Background The Native American Housing and Assistance and...

  4. 78 FR 39539 - Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-01

    ...Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs By the authority vested...sustain prosperous and resilient Native American tribal governments, it is hereby...established the White House Council on Native American Affairs (Council). The...

  5. 76 FR 47228 - Redelegation of Authority to Office of Native American Program (ONAP) Area Office Administrators...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ...Redelegation of Authority to Office of Native American Program (ONAP) Area Office...Assistant Secretary for the Office of Native American Programs to perform program administration...Assistant Secretary for the Office of Native American Programs to redelegate such...

  6. 20 CFR 632.75 - General responsibilities of Native American grantees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... General responsibilities of Native American grantees. 632.75 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS... General responsibilities of Native American grantees. This subpart...

  7. 76 FR 33776 - Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative: Designation of an Approved Native American Tribal Card...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-09

    ...Designation of an Approved Native American Tribal Card Issued by the Pascua...Protection is designating an approved Native American Tribal Card issued by the Pascua...or adjacent islands \\1\\ is a Native American Tribal Card that has been...

  8. 38 CFR 36.4527 - Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...false Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands. 36...4527 Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands. ...make a direct housing loan to a Native American veteran if: (1) The...

  9. 20 CFR 632.35 - Native American grantee contracts and subgrants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Native American grantee contracts and subgrants...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS...and Procedures § 632.35 Native American grantee contracts and...

  10. 75 FR 13243 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-19

    ...Docket No. FR-5275-N-06] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

  11. 48 CFR 352.242-72 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...and Clauses 352.242-72 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...insert the following clause: Native American Graves Protection and...

  12. 78 FR 19303 - Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-29

    ...Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated...given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...remains of 63 individuals of Native American ancestry. The...

  13. 77 FR 4822 - Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative: Designation of an Approved Native American Tribal Card...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ...Designation of an Approved Native American Tribal Card Issued by the Kootenai...is designating an approved Native American Tribal Card issued by the Kootenai...or adjacent islands \\1\\ is a Native American Tribal Card that has been...

  14. 3 CFR 8749 - Proclamation 8749 of November 1, 2011. National Native American Heritage Month, 2011

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...of November 1, 2011. National Native American Heritage Month, 2011 8749...2011 Proc. 8749 National Native American Heritage Month, 2011By the...s heritage. During National Native American Heritage Month, we...

  15. 76 FR 76120 - Establishment of the Council for Native American Farming and Ranching

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-06

    ...Establishment of the Council for Native American Farming and Ranching AGENCY...establishment of the Council for Native American Farming and Ranching (Council...how to eliminate barriers to Native American participation in Farm...

  16. 78 FR 22292 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Notice of Nomination...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-15

    ...PPWOCRADN0-PCU00RP15.R50000] Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...nominations for one member of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...organizations, and traditional Native American religious leaders. The...

  17. 20 CFR 632.10 - Eligibility requirements for designation as a Native American grantee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...requirements for designation as a Native American grantee. 632.10 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.10...

  18. 77 FR 12875 - Proposed Information Collection; Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-02

    ...Proposed Information Collection; Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...Control Number ``1024- 0144, Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...INFORMATION: I. Abstract The Native American Graves Protection and...

  19. 75 FR 12377 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations-Disposition of Culturally...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-15

    ...43 CFR Part 10 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...43 CFR Part 10 RIN 1024-AD68 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...This final rule implements the Native American Graves Protection and...

  20. 77 FR 11583 - Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ...Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated...given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...agency that has control of the Native American human remains and...

  1. 75 FR 14390 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-25

    ...Docket No. FR-5275-C-07] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...announcing a meeting of the Native American Housing Assistance & Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

  2. 38 CFR 36.4527 - Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...false Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands. 36...4527 Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands. ...make a direct housing loan to a Native American veteran if: (1) The...

  3. 20 CFR 632.125 - Responsibilities of Native American grantees, subgrantees and contractors for preventing fraud...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... false Responsibilities of Native American grantees, subgrantees and...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS...632.125 Responsibilities of Native American grantees, subgrantees...

  4. 77 FR 19154 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-30

    ...Docket No. FR-5275-N-12] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public and...implement statutory amendments to the Native American Housing Assistance and...

  5. 77 FR 65406 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Notice of Nomination...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-26

    ...NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-11265; 2200-1100-665] Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...nominations for one member of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...organizations, and traditional Native American religious leaders. The...

  6. 77 FR 30512 - Native American Career and Technical Education Program; Final Waivers and Extension of Project...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-23

    ...DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Native American Career and Technical Education...Extension of Project Period for the Native American Career and Technical Education...fiscal year (FY) 2007 under the Native American Career and Technical...

  7. 20 CFR 632.10 - Eligibility requirements for designation as a Native American grantee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...requirements for designation as a Native American grantee. 632.10 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.10...

  8. 20 CFR 632.75 - General responsibilities of Native American grantees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... General responsibilities of Native American grantees. 632.75 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS... General responsibilities of Native American grantees. This subpart...

  9. 77 FR 57544 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 1996: Request...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-18

    ...Docket No. FR-5650-N-02] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Grant program authorized by the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

  10. 75 FR 29964 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ...Docket No. FR-5275-N-09] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

  11. 77 FR 68825 - Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-16

    ...Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated...given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...remains represents a minimum of 54 Native American individuals and 55...

  12. 77 FR 59659 - Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-28

    ...Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated...given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...agency that has control of the Native American human remains and...

  13. 48 CFR 352.242-72 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...and Clauses 352.242-72 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...insert the following clause: Native American Graves Protection and...

  14. 75 FR 7559 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-22

    ...Docket No. FR-5275-N-05] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

  15. 48 CFR 352.242-72 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...and Clauses 352.242-72 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...insert the following clause: Native American Graves Protection and...

  16. 38 CFR 36.4527 - Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...false Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands. 36...4527 Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands. ...make a direct housing loan to a Native American veteran if: (1) The...

  17. 3 CFR 8901 - Proclamation 8901 of November 1, 2012. National Native American Heritage Month, 2012

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...of November 1, 2012. National Native American Heritage Month, 2012 8901...2012 Proc. 8901 National Native American Heritage Month, 2012By the...dream. In paying tribute to Native American achievements, we must...

  18. 40 CFR 255.33 - Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations. 255.33 Section...Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations. Major Federal facilities and Native American Reservations should be...

  19. 75 FR 36022 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-24

    ...Docket No. FR-5275-N-10] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

  20. 76 FR 12132 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-04

    ...National Park Service [2253-665] Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...1988), of a meeting of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...agreed-upon disposition of Native American human remains determined to...

  1. 77 FR 74874 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-18

    ...NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-11848; 2200-1100-665] Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...of a telephonic meeting of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...of a telephonic meeting of the Native American Graves Protection and...

  2. 75 FR 19920 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Negotiated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-16

    ...Docket No. FR-5275-N-08] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...was established pursuant to the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

  3. 78 FR 25292 - Announcement of Funding Awards; Office of Native American Programs Training and Technical...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-30

    ...of Funding Awards; Office of Native American Programs Training and Technical...Year 2012 AGENCY: Office of Native American Programs, Office of Public and...Availability (NOFA) for the Office of Native American Programs Training and...

  4. 20 CFR 632.35 - Native American grantee contracts and subgrants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Native American grantee contracts and subgrants...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS...and Procedures § 632.35 Native American grantee contracts and...

  5. 76 FR 58037 - Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated Funerary Objects...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-19

    ...Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains and Associated...given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...agency that has control of the Native American human remains and...

  6. 48 CFR 352.242-72 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...and Clauses 352.242-72 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...insert the following clause: Native American Graves Protection and...

  7. 40 CFR 255.33 - Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations. 255.33 Section...Inclusion of Federal facilities and Native American Reservations. Major Federal facilities and Native American Reservations should be...

  8. 75 FR 65030 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Nomination Solicitation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ...INTERIOR National Park Service Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...Service, Interior. ACTION: Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...nominations for two members of the Native American Graves Protection and...

  9. 3 CFR 8595 - Proclamation 8595 of October 29, 2010. National Native American Heritage Month, 2010

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...of October 29, 2010. National Native American Heritage Month, 2010 8595...2010 Proc. 8595 National Native American Heritage Month, 2010By the...which continue to thrive in Native American communities across our...

  10. 77 FR 65407 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Review Committee: Notice of Nomination...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-26

    ...NPS-WASO-NAGPRA-11264; 2200-1100-665] Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...nominations for one member of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation...Designated Federal Officer, Native American Graves Protection and...

  11. Women of the Native Struggle. Portraits & Testimony of Native American Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farley, Ronnie, Ed.

    This book portrays images and views of approximately 45 Native American women in their roles as mothers, grandmothers, tribal elders, teachers, preservers of traditional beliefs and practices, and leaders in the continuing struggle for survival. An introduction by Anna Lee Walter presents an overview of the modern Native American woman. In the…

  12. The African-American Legacy in American Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abarry, Abu

    1990-01-01

    Reviews the contributions of African-American poetry to the development of English literature from the earliest Black orator through the works of Langston Hughes. Emphasizes the work of Phillis Wheatley, Paul Lawrence Dunbar,"The New Negro" writers, and Hughes. (FMW)

  13. Recruitment of American Indians and Alaska Natives Into Clinical Trials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Felicia Schanche Hodge; Sheila Weinmann; Yvette Roubideaux

    2000-01-01

    Challenges in recruiting American Indians and Alaska Natives into cancer clinical trials are addressed in this article. Researchers, health care providers, and American Indian and Alaska Native patients face significant communication barriers when prevention or treatment trials are designed or implemented. For researchers, the challenges lie in understanding the cultural distinctiveness of individual tribes, coping with the family orientation of

  14. Native American Grandmothers: Cultural Tradition and Contemporary Necessity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa Byers

    2010-01-01

    This article offers insight into the situation of Native American grandmothers who are caregivers to younger generations. Nationally, tribal grandmothers rear grandchildren at percentages higher than any other ethnic minority group. Even though older Native American women have experienced challenges to their traditional roles as leaders, dispensers of wisdom, and spiritual guides, there exists a contemporary necessity to take the

  15. Preventing Substance Abuse Among American Indian and Alaska Native Youth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven P. Schinke; Lewayne D. Gilchrist; Robert F. Schilling II; R. Dale Walker; Von S. Locklear; Janet Kay Bobo; Josie Solseng Maxwell; Joseph E. Trimble; George T. Cvetkovich

    1987-01-01

    Research on the prevention of substance abuse among American Indian and Alaska Native youth offers challenges and demands careful methods. This paper describes such challenges in terms of philosophical, political, and cultural issues surmundiig substance abuse prevention research with American Indian and Alaska Native people. The authors suggest how social work researchers can address these issues through strategies of community

  16. Behavioral Approaches to Illness Prevention for Native Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Schinke

    Much evidence suggests that the health of Native Americans is worse than the health of America’s general population. In fact,\\u000a Native American people suffer inordinately from cancers linked to both behavioral and lifestyle patterns (Beauvais, Oetting, Wolf, & Edwards, 1989; “Cancer hits all time high, 1991;” Mao, Morrison, Semenciw, & Wigle, 1986; National Cancer Institute, 1986). Cancer is the third

  17. Native American Women in Alcohol and Substance Abuse Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sara Peterson; Gale Berkowitz; Courtney Uhler Cart; Claire Brindis

    2002-01-01

    :Alcohol and other drug use is a serious problem among American Indian and Alaska Native women. However, information about their needs for treatment is lacking. In response, a study was conducted to document the life experiences and perceived recovery needs of American Indian and Alaska Native women at nine treatment centers nationwide. The data show that most of these women

  18. Native American Women in Alcohol and Substance Abuse Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MPH Project Director Sara Peterson

    2002-01-01

    Alcohol and other drug use is a serious problem among American Indian and Alaska Native women. However, information about their needs for treatment is lacking. In response, a study was conducted to document the life experiences and perceived recovery needs of American Indian and Alaska Native women at nine treatment centers nationwide. The data show that most of these women

  19. Your Rights: A Handbook for Native American Youth in Arizona.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dale, Michael; And Others

    A handbook for Arizona Native Americans under 18 years old explains rights and responsibilities as young people, Native Americans, tribal members, and residents of Arizona. Rights are defined, ways of protecting rights outlined, and the fact that young people's rights are changing noted. Rights as a family member are discussed, as well as changes…

  20. Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Joyce and James Herrington, parents of John Herrington, accept a gift during a pre-launch Native American ceremony. They are the parents of John Herrington, mission specialist on mission STS-113. Herrington is the first Native American to be going into space.

  1. Social Skills Efficacy and Proactivity among Native American Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Sherri L.; Conkel, Julia L.; Reich, Allison N.; Trotter, Michelle J.; Siewart, Jason J.

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses Native American urban adolescents' construal of social skills, and relationships between these skills and proactivity behaviors as identified in the Integrative Contextual Model of Career Development (Lapan, 2004). Recommendations that build upon the social skills strengths of Native American young people are included.…

  2. Reflections of Native American Teacher Education on Bear Ridge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Locke, Steven

    2004-01-01

    This study examines an elementary teacher education certification program delivered by a state university to Native American teacher aides on the reservation. Data were collected over two semesters using a Freirean critical theory framework to analyze the data and to explicate the problematic nature of Native American education. Analysis of the…

  3. The Status of Native American Women in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kidwell, Clara Sue

    A study of the status of Native American women in higher education obtained questionnaires from 61 undergraduate women at 4 colleges and 9 women with advanced degrees, interviewed 6 women in or about to enter graduate programs, and reviewed previous research and available statistical data. Results indicated that: relatively few Native American

  4. Native American Education Program, 1982-83. OEE Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inman, Deborah

    During 1982-83, the Native American Education Program provided after-school and summer session instruction and supportive services to approximately 450 Native American grade K-12 students scattered throughout New York City. Goals of visiting and interviewing 50% of the target population were realized, with 220 home visits made. Materials and…

  5. Social Work Practice with Native American Families: A Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wintemute, Ginger, Ed.; Messer, Bonnie, Ed.

    A handbook on social work practice with Native American families, developed for use by students in undergraduate social work programs and by social service practitioners who work with Native American people, is divided into four sections. The first section contains four articles, written by Joseph A. Dudley (Methodist minister and Yankton Sioux)…

  6. Gifted Native American Students: Literature, Lessons, and Future Directions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gentry, Marcia; Fugate, C. Matthew; Wu, Jiaxi; Castellano, Jaime A.

    2014-01-01

    A national research agenda focused on gifted/creative/talented Native American students is needed, as this population remains one of the least researched, most overlooked, and most underserved in the field. Literature-based assumptions surrounding Native American students' talent development, culture and traditions, cognitive styles and…

  7. Native American Community Academy: The Power of Embracing Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Principal Leadership, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The value that Native American nations place on deliberative experiential learning and oral reflection often is opposed to traditional practices in US schools. The inherent differences between those cultural approaches to learning have contributed to the large achievement gap between Native American schools and traditional public schools. In 2006…

  8. Native American Youth and Culturally Sensitive Interventions: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Kelly F.; Hodge, David R.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: A systematic evaluation of the effectiveness of culturally sensitive interventions (CSIs) with Native American youth was conducted. Method: Electronic bibliographic databases, Web sites, and manual searches were used to identify 11 outcome studies that examined CSI effectiveness with Native American youth. Results: This review found…

  9. Native American Drinking: A Neglected Subject of Study and Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Thomas J.

    1991-01-01

    Notes that, although Native Americans show high rates of alcoholism, violence, suicide, and early death, these problems are seldom covered well in textbooks. Conducted content analysis of 26 textbooks on alcoholism and substance misuse. Found that only four provided detailed discussion of Native American drinking. Suggests need for greater…

  10. The Role of Tribal Experiences in Shaping Native American Health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joe Blankenau; John Comer; Joseph Nitzke; Wehnona Stabler

    2010-01-01

    The relatively poor health and healthcare of Native Americans is well documented. However, the existing research does not adequately consider unique tribal experiences in shaping Native American health. Consequently, the purpose of this paper is to assess the role of tribes in explaining measures of healthcare and the perceptions of health-related problems. Employing interview data from 219 members of the

  11. A Cultural Paradox: Elder Abuse in the Native American Community

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tish Smyer; Michele C. Clark

    2011-01-01

    An emerging cultural paradox in the Native American community is the long history of respect for elders and the emergence of elder abuse as a problem. Elders commonly hold a special and respected place in traditional Native American societies due largely to their experience, knowledge, wisdom, and power as dreamers, healers, and teachers. Although violence against other tribal members is

  12. Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention in a Rural Native American Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagen, Janet W.; Skenandore, Alice H.; Scow, Beverly M.; Schanen, Jennifer G.; Clary, Frieda Hugo

    2012-01-01

    Nationally, the United States has a higher rate of teen pregnancy than any other industrialized nation. Native American youth have a higher birth rate than the national rate. A full-year healthy relationship program, based on Native American teachings, traditions, and cultural norms, was delivered to all eighth-grade students at a rural tribal…

  13. American Indians and Native Alaskans. Prevention Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinelo, Dora Beatriz

    This guide presents information on research and prevention of substance abuse among American Indians and Native Alaskans. Facts and figures representing findings from key government reports and research studies indicate the wide spread use of alcohol and drugs among American Indians and Native Alaskans. A list of prevention materials and curricula…

  14. Native American Studies at West Virginia University: Continuing the Interactions of Native and Appalachian People

    E-print Network

    High, Ellesa Clay; McNeil, Daniel W.

    2001-03-01

    Native American Studies at West Virginia University: Continuing the Interactions of Native and Appalachian People Ellesa Clay High and Daniel W. McNeil In the heart of Appalachia, Native American Studies has been growing for almost two decades.... West Virginia is the only state totally encompassed by the Appalachian region, the mountains of which stretch from Maine to Georgia. About the size of the Navajo Nation, "wild and wonderful" West Virginia is a place of intricate ridges, hollows...

  15. Genetic ancestry and indigenous heritage in a Native American descendant community in Bermuda.

    PubMed

    Gaieski, Jill B; Owings, Amanda C; Vilar, Miguel G; Dulik, Matthew C; Gaieski, David F; Gittelman, Rachel M; Lindo, John; Gau, Lydia; Schurr, Theodore G

    2011-11-01

    Discovered in the early 16th century by European colonists, Bermuda is an isolated set of islands located in the mid-Atlantic. Shortly after its discovery, Bermuda became the first English colony to forcibly import its labor by trafficking in enslaved Africans, white ethnic minorities, and indigenous Americans. Oral traditions circulating today among contemporary tribes from the northeastern United States recount these same events, while, in Bermuda, St. David's Islanders consider their histories to be linked to a complex Native American, European, and African past. To investigate the influence of historical events on biological ancestry and native cultural identity, we analyzed genetic variation in 111 members of Bermuda's self-proclaimed St. David's Island Native Community. Our results reveal that the majority of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and Y-chromosome haplotypes are of African and West Eurasian origin. However, unlike other English-speaking New World colonies, most African mtDNA haplotypes appear to derive from central and southeast Africa, reflecting the extent of maritime activities in the region. In light of genealogical and oral historical data from the St. David's community, the low frequency of Native American mtDNA and NRY lineages may reflect the influence of genetic drift, the demographic impact of European colonization, and historical admixture with persons of non-native backgrounds, which began with the settlement of the islands. By comparing the genetic data with genealogical and historical information, we are able to reconstruct the complex history of this Bermudian community, which is unique among New World populations. PMID:21994016

  16. Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms among African American Men

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18-34), middle (35-54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method: Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results: Discrimination was significantly…

  17. Phonological Awareness Skills in Young African American English Speakers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitri, Souraya Mansour; Terry, Nicole Patton

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine African American children's performance on a phonological awareness task that included items reflecting differences between African American English (AAE) and mainstream American English. The relationship between spoken production of AAE forms and performance on phonological awareness, vocabulary, and…

  18. Preferred Style and Ethnicity of Counselors by African American Males.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okonji, Jacques M. A.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Compared reality therapy and person-centered therapy practiced by an African American counselor and a European American counselor. Results from African American Job Corps participants who viewed videotapes depicting simulated counseling sessions show a statistically significant difference between the therapies and between the counselors. Higher…

  19. Racism as a stressor for African Americans: A biopsychosocial model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rodney Clark; Norman B. Anderson; Vernessa R. Clark; David R. Williams

    1999-01-01

    iven the historical and contemporary existence of racism in American society, one might suspect there would be an equally substantial literature examining the effects of racism on African Americans. Yet, research exploring the biological, psychological, and social effects of racism among African Americans is virtually nonexistent. The purpose of this article was threefold: (a) to provide a brief overview of

  20. Postpartum depression among African-American women.

    PubMed

    Amankwaa, Linda Clark

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the nature of postpartum depression (PPD) among African-American women. Twelve women, who had experienced PPD within the last three years, were interviewed for approximately one hour at two intervals. Nudist-4 software and the constant comparative method were used to analyze the data. Five themes "Stressing Out," "Feeling Down," "Losing It," "Seeking Help," and "Feeling Better" represented aspects of PPD as experienced by the participants. The last theme, "Dealing with It," represented the cultural ways in which African-American mothers managed their depression. These included Keeping the Faith, Trying to Be a Strong Black Woman, Living with Myths, and Keeping Secrets. Suggestions for future directions in nursing research are included. PMID:12623687

  1. Sudden cardiac death in Hispanic Americans and African Americans.

    PubMed Central

    Gillum, R F

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to estimate rates of sudden cardiac death in US Hispanics and African Americans. METHODS: Data on coronary deaths occurring outside of the hospital or in emergency rooms were examined for 1992. RESULTS: In 1992, 53% (8194) of coronary heart disease deaths among Hispanic Americans 25 years of age and older occurred outside of the hospital or in emergency rooms. The percentage was lower among Hispanics than among non-Hispanic Whites and Blacks. Age-adjusted rates per 100,000 were lower in Hispanics than in non-Hispanic Whites or Blacks (Hispanic men, 75; White men, 166; Black men, 209; Hispanic women, 35; White women, 74; Black women, 108). The percentages dying outside of the hospital or in emergency rooms were higher in young persons, those living in nonurban areas, and those who were single. CONCLUSIONS: The percentage and rate of coronary deaths occurring outside of the hospital or in emergency rooms were lower in Hispanics than in non-Hispanics; African Americans had the highest rates. Further research is needed on sudden coronary death in Hispanic Americans and African Americans. PMID:9314797

  2. Gambling Habits Among Aged African Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohsen Bazargan; Shahrzad H. Bazargan; Mahfuja Akanda

    2001-01-01

    In a cross-sectional study we investigated the correlates of gambling habits among a sample of 80 independently living African-American elderly persons. The participants were selected from two Senior Citizen Centers that provide inexpensive or free pleasure trips from Los Angeles, California to gambling sites in Nevada. The data for this study were collected through face-to-face interviews conducted by three trained

  3. African American Women in Iowa Digital Collection

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This fruitful collaboration between the Iowa Women's Archive and the African American Historical Museum and Cultural Center of Iowa has produced this enlightening website containing over 200 items including links to "scrapbooks," "photographs," "pamphlets" "oral histories" and "newsletters." The "Recent Additions" area allows visitors to click on any of the thumbnails in the line up of items shown, to see the image enlarged. By simply double clicking on the thumbnail, users can also access bibliographic data about the item.

  4. Variables affecting racial-identity salience among African Americans.

    PubMed

    Thompson, V L

    1999-12-01

    The author clarified the African American racial-group identification process by addressing the issue of salience and its relationship to racial-group attitudes. A sample of 409 African American adults responded to surveys pertaining to their racial-group salience, racial-group attitudes, racial socialization, racial-group interaction, political activism, experiences of discrimination, and demographic data (e.g., sex, age, and income). The author tested 3 hypotheses: (a) Racial socialization and interaction with other African Americans are predictive of African American racial-identity salience; (b) discriminatory experiences are predictive of African American racial-identity salience; and (c) racial-identity salience is a stronger predictor of African American racial-group identification than are previously identified predictive variables (D. H. Demo & H. Hughes, 1990; V. L. Thompson Sanders, 1991, 1995). The results supported the 1st and 3rd hypotheses. PMID:10646309

  5. Neuropsychological screening tests in African Americans.

    PubMed Central

    Lampley-Dallas, V. T.

    2001-01-01

    Neuropsychological tests are instruments used to diagnose a variety of cognitive conditions. This article will review a few of the brief scales commonly used in screening for dementia. It will also discuss the properties of and problems with some of the brief scales that are commonly used to screen African Americans for dementia, highlighting the various biases. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is the most widely known and utilized cognitive impairment instrument in the United States. Whether or not it is biased to race after adjusting the scores for educational attainment remains controversial. The Blessed Information-Memory-Concentration Test (BIMC), Blessed Orientation-Memory-Concentration Test (BOMC), Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ), and Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination (NCSE) are other screening tests used to diagnose dementia. Some of these tests have been found to misclassify many more African Americans as demented compared to the proportion of whites that are misclassified. The Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG) is the only brief neuropsychological scale designed to actually diagnose early dementia, but it is not known if it is biased for African Americans. PMID:11560287

  6. Native American Training Program in Petroleum Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Ho, Winifred M.; Kokesh, Judith H.

    1999-04-27

    This report outlines a comprehensive training program for members of Native American tribes whose lands have oil and gas resources. The program has two components: short courses and internships. Programs are proposed for: (1) adult tribes representatives who are responsible for managing tribal mineral holdings, setting policy, or who work in the oil and gas industry; (2) graduate and undergraduate college students who are tribal members and are studying in the appropriate fields; and (3) high school and middle school teachers, science teachers. Materials and program models already have been developed for some components of the projects. The plan is a coordinated, comprehensive effort to use existing resources to accomplish its goals. Partnerships will be established with the tribes, the BIA, tribal organizations, other government agencies, and the private sector to implement the program.

  7. Neurological Impairment Among Elderly African-American Nursing Home Residents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gloriajean L. Wallace

    1993-01-01

    :In this pilot study, 288 elderly African-American and 482 white residents of 10 nursing homes in Wayne County, Michigan, were compared for neurological impairment. The frequency of diagnosis of neurological impairment was equivalent for African-American and white males, but greater for African-American females than for white females. Cerebral vascular accident (CVA, or stroke) and nonspecific dementia were the most common

  8. Neurological Impairment Among Elderly African-American Nursing Home Residents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1993-01-01

    In this pilot study, 288 elderly African-American and 482 white residents of 10 nursing homes in Wayne County, Michigan, were compared for neurological impairment. The frequency of diagnosis of neurological impairment was equivalent for African-American and white males, but greater for African-American females than for white females. Cerebral vascular accident (CVA, or stroke) and nonspecific dementia were the most common

  9. African Americans’ participation in clinical research: importance, barriers, and solutions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard D. Branson; Kenneth Davis; Karyn L. Butler

    2007-01-01

    Ethical and scientifically sound research requires that any sample population represent the population as a whole. African-Americans suffer disproportionately from cancer, hypertension, and heart failure compared with whites, but they are commonly underrepresented in clinical trials of these diseases. Failure to include African-American subjects in clinical trials prevents generalizability of the results to this population. African-Americans are often underrepresented in

  10. Beyond the Myth: Addressing Suicide Among African American Males

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael A. Robinson; Armon R. Perry; Sharon E. Moore; Rudolph Alexander Jr

    \\u000a Historically, African Americans were never considered at risk for suicide; however, in the last 20–30 years there has been\\u000a a precipitous increase in the number of suicides and suicide attempts among African American males. The authors of this chapter\\u000a provide an overview of the literature surrounding suicide and African American males. Furthermore, a number of preventative\\u000a measures are investigated, such

  11. NATIVE AFRICAN ARTS & CULTURES IN THE NEW WORLD; A CASE STUDY OF AFRICAN RETENTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Omokaro A. IZEVBIGIE

    Despite the different languages, and cultures in Africa, there is commonality in religious artistic and musical traditions. Did the native Africans sold into slavery retain any of the traditions in the \\

  12. The perception of optimal profile in African Americans versus white Americans as assessed by orthodontists and the lay public

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denise Hall; Reginald W. Taylor; Alex Jacobson; P. Lionel Sadowsky; Alfred Bartolucci

    2000-01-01

    This study was designed to assess the perceived optimal profiles of African Americans versus white Americans. A survey was conducted using profile silhouettes of 30 African American and 30 white patients, ranging in age from 7 to 17 years. Twenty white orthodontists, 18 African American orthodontists, 20 white laypersons, and 20 African American laypersons evaluated the profiles. The preference of

  13. Heart failure in African Americans: disparities can be overcome.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Alok; Colvin-Adams, Monica; Yancy, Clyde W

    2014-05-01

    African Americans are disproportionately affected by heart failure, with a high prevalence at an early age. Hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and chronic kidney disease are all common in African Americans and all predispose to heart failure. Neurohormonal imbalances, endothelial dysfunction, genetic polymorphisms, and socioeconomic factors also contribute. In general, the same evidence-based treatment guidelines that apply to white patients with heart failure also apply to African Americans. However, the combination of hydralazine and isosorbide dinitrate is advised specifically for African Americans. PMID:24789589

  14. Native American Ancestry, Lung Function, and COPD in Costa Ricans

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Wei; Brehm, John M.; Boutaoui, Nadia; Soto-Quiros, Manuel; Avila, Lydiana; Celli, Bartolome R.; Bruse, Shannon; Tesfaigzi, Yohannes

    2014-01-01

    Background: Whether Native American ancestry (NAA) is associated with COPD or lung function in a racially admixed Hispanic population is unknown. Methods: We recruited 578 Costa Ricans with and without COPD into a hybrid case-control/family-based cohort, including 316 members of families of index case subjects. All participants completed questionnaires and spirometry and gave a blood sample for DNA extraction. Genome-wide genotyping was conducted with the Illumina Human610-Quad and HumanOmniExpress BeadChip kits (Illumina Inc), and individual ancestral proportions were estimated from these genotypic data and reference panels. For unrelated individuals, linear or logistic regression was used for the analysis of NAA and COPD (GOLD [Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease] stage II or greater) or lung function. For extended families, linear mixed models and generalized estimating equations were used for the analysis. All models were adjusted for age, sex, educational level, and smoking behavior; models for FEV1 were also adjusted for height. Results: The average proportion of European, Native American, and African ancestry among participants was 62%, 35%, and 3%, respectively. After adjustment for current smoking and other covariates, NAA was inversely associated with COPD (OR per 10% increment, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.41-0.75) but positively associated with FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC. After additional adjustment for pack-years of smoking, the association between NAA and COPD or lung function measures was slightly attenuated. We found that about 31% of the estimated effect of NAA on COPD is mediated by pack-years of smoking. Conclusions: NAA is inversely associated with COPD but positively associated with FEV1 or FVC in Costa Ricans. Ancestral effects on smoking behavior partly explain the findings for COPD but not for FEV1 or FVC. PMID:24306962

  15. "Remember, It's Always Whites' Ball": Descriptions of African American Male Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orbe, Mark P.

    1994-01-01

    Uses a phenomenological approach to study the communication of African American men. Discusses six essential themes as central to African American male communication: the importance of other African Americans, learning how to communicate with non-African Americans, keeping a safe distance, "playing the part," testing the sincerity of non-African

  16. Sexual assault services coverage on Native American land.

    PubMed

    Juraska, Ashley; Wood, Lindsey; Giroux, Jennifer; Wood, Eric

    2014-01-01

    Native American women experience higher rates of sexual assault than other women in the United States, yet there is limited information on the accessibility of forensic services for Native American victims of sexual violence. This study used geographic information systems technology to map known sexual assault examiner (SAE) and sexual assault response team (SART) programs in the United States (n = 873) in proximity to 650 census-designated Native American lands. Analysis was repeated for 29 Indian Health Service and tribal-operated facilities that self-identified that they provide sexual assault examinations. Network analysis showed that 30.7% of Native American land is within a 60-minute driving distance of a facility offering SAE or SART services. Indian Health Service and tribal-operated facilities increased accessibility to SAE services on 35 Native American lands. This study shows gaps in coverage for more than two thirds of Native American lands, including 381 lands with no coverage, highlighting the need for expanded SAE and SART services near or on Native American land. PMID:24847872

  17. ECOLOGICAL IMPACT ON NATIVE BEES BY THE INVASIVE AFRICANIZED HONEY BEE

    E-print Network

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    ECOLOGICAL IMPACT ON NATIVE BEES BY THE INVASIVE AFRICANIZED HONEY BEE Abejas cleptoparasitas, con on native bees, including species that were solitary or highly eusocial. Major differences over time were population dynamics. However, the native bees shifted their foraging time or floral species. A principal

  18. Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms Among African American Men

    PubMed Central

    Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18–34), middle (35–54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results Discrimination was significantly related to depressive symptoms for men ages 35 to 54 and mastery was found to be protective against depressive symptoms for all men. Compared to African American men in the young and late adult groups, discrimination remained a statistically significant predictor of depressive symptoms for men in the middle group once mastery was included. Implications Findings demonstrate the distinct differences in the influence of discrimination on depressive symptoms among adult African American males and the need for future research that explores the correlates of mental health across age groups. Implications for social work research and practice with African American men are discussed. PMID:24436576

  19. Using the Moral Vision of African American Stories to Empower Low-Income African American Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annie Ruth Leslie

    1998-01-01

    On the basis of in-depth interviews with 30 low-income African American mothers who told their children Brer Rabbit stories, this article discusses the moral values the women conveyed. During sto rytelling, the women distanced themselves from Christian views of the absolute evil of tricks to interpret Brer Rabbit's tricks as clever and protective of the small and defenseless. Intervention strategies

  20. Problems of Transition for African Students in an American University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adelegan, Francis O.; Parks, David J.

    1985-01-01

    Surveyed Black East African, Black West African and Arabic North African students (N=33) enrolled in an American university to identify their problems and personal attributes and environmental conditions influencing their experience. Discusses social, transportation, food, loneliness, and other problems. (MCF)

  1. Perspectives on African American Men’s Health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean J. Bonhomme; Aba D. Essuon

    2012-01-01

    The overall life expectancy of African American men significantly lags behind that of other major demographic groups in the United States. African American men as a group suffer extremely high rates of cancer, heart disease and many other conditions that cause substantial morbidity as well as premature and unnecessary loss of life. However, it is now widely accepted that lifestyle

  2. Voices of African American Health: stories of health and healing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jaimie Hunter; Sarah Langdon; Dianne Caesar; Scott D. Rhodes; Clarissa Pinkola Estés

    2011-01-01

    Few creative methodologies have been used in minority and underserved communities to elucidate the health challenges they face. Photovoice is a qualitative method that enables individuals to share their experiences with a given topic, such as chronic illness, through photography and inspires positive community action. Voices of African American Health was a photovoice project in which 24 African Americans living

  3. Breast cancer in African American women: Epidemiology and tumor biology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce J. Trock

    1996-01-01

    Summary This review of published data on the epidemiology, pathology, and molecular biology of breast cancer in African American women seeks to identify how the etiology and presentation of the disease differ from those in white women. The crossover from higher to lower age-specific incidence rates in African American women at age 45 cannot be explained by current data on

  4. Weight Control Behaviors of Low-Income, African American Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Faryle Nothwehr; Timothy Stump

    2002-01-01

    Obesity is extremely common among African American women, and many women express interest in losing weight. To better understand current weight management practices in this population, this study measured behaviors and attitudes believed important to successful weight management. Data were obtained via telephone survey. The study involved 155 low-income African American women aged 30 to 69 identified through an urban

  5. Barriers to Effective Mental Health Services for African Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lonnie R. Snowden

    2001-01-01

    Many African Americans—especially the most marginal—suffer from mental health problems and would benefit from timely access to appropriate forms of care. However, few seek treatment from outpatient providers in the specialty mental health sector and those who do are at risk of dropping out. African Americans visit providers in the general medical sector, although they use another hypothesized alternative to

  6. Mental Health and HIV Risk Among African American Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marina Tolou-Shams; Roberta Paikoff; David J. McKirnan; Grayson N. Holmbeck

    2007-01-01

    The family system is integral to adolescent mental health and HIV risk. However, few studies have addressed family variables and adolescent outcomes among African American families. This study tested a longitudinal model of parenting, adolescent mental health, and adolescent HIV risk, among a community sample of low-income, urban African American families from the Collaborative HIV prevention and AdolescentMental Health Project

  7. Heart disease beliefs of urban elderly African-American women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Velma Lewis Ward

    1996-01-01

    This research examined the differences between African-American women's beliefs and knowledge regarding heart disease and those of Western medical practices about the prevalence and risk of functional impairment from heart disease among minorities. In brief, African-Americans are viewed as both \\

  8. Effective Education of African American Exceptional Learners: New Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Bridgie Alexis, Ed.; And Others

    This book presents 11 author-contributed papers covering the theory and practice of effective assessment and instruction of African American students with exceptionalities, including both disabilities and giftedness. Emphasis is on effective delivery of empowering services to African American youth and their families. The first seven papers have…

  9. Higher Education and the Early Education of African American Ministers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooks, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The education of African American ministers in the United States has been little researched. Numerous books address the profession of ministry and the education of Blacks in general, but most do not specifically address issues pertaining to the professional education of Black ministers. The majority of the hurdles African Americans faced were…

  10. Raising African American Student Achievement: California Goals, Local Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EdSource, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Although academic performance is a concern, African American students represent less than 8 percent of California's K-12 students, and at times get lost in California policy debates about improving student performance. Findings of this study indicate that: (1) California's African American students are concentrated in relatively few counties and…

  11. African American Male Adolescents' Hostile Responses to Perceived Racial Discrimination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wakefield, William D.; Hudley, Cynthia

    This study examined the hostile responses of adolescent African American males to acts of racial discrimination as a function of audience presence, noting attributions of personal control. Participants were 250 male African American students in grades 9-12 in an urban multiethnic high school who completed the Discrimination Response Index (DRI).…

  12. Components of School Engagement among African American Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sirin, Selcuk R.; Rogers-Sirin, Lauren

    2005-01-01

    This study examined how various components of school engagement contribute to the academic performance of African American adolescents. The sample consisted of 499 African American adolescents in Grades 9 to 11. We investigated how adolescents' gender, grade, cognitive functioning, and parental education affect their school engagement and whether…

  13. Enriching Inclusive Learning: African Americans in Historic Costume

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ratute, Ashley; Marcketti, Sara B.

    2009-01-01

    Educating students to embrace diversity and value all people is a core value of educators in family and consumer sciences (FCS). For instructors in FCS, integrating the contributions of African Americans--particularly in textiles and clothing--can be an inclusive learning opportunity. The authors compiled resources on African Americans and…

  14. Food Group Categories of Low-Income African American Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Elizabeth B.; Holmes, Shane

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Describe lay food group categories of low-income African American women and assess the overlap of lay food groups and MyPyramid food groups. Design: A convenience sample of African American mothers from a low-income Chicago neighborhood performed a card-sorting task in which they grouped familiar food items into food groups. Setting:…

  15. Counseling Groups for African American Women: A Focus on Spirituality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Carmen Braun; Frame, Marsha Wiggins; Green, Evelyn

    1999-01-01

    Explains cultural and spiritual traditions within African American women's experience that form the foundation for group counseling strategies. Reviews literature regarding African American women's experience in groups. Explains group interventions such as art, music, dance, imagery, journaling, and rituals that can help transcend, empower, and…

  16. African Americans' Access to Vocational Rehabilitation Services after Antidiscrimination Legislation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mwachofi, Ari K.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine changes in African Americans' access to occasional rehabilitation (VR) services subsequent to landmark legislative and judicial antidiscrimination provisions of the mid-20th century. This study compared African American VR access before the antidiscrimination legislation in 1937 and after the legislation…

  17. The Struggle of African American Students in the Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mubenga, Pascal

    2006-01-01

    The long road of slavery from generation to generation has left a legacy in the mind of African American students that has impacted their achievements in schools. In this project, the struggle of African American students in the public school education will be analyzed from the historical standpoint of view and its impact on their achievements.…

  18. Culture: A Possible Predictor of Morality for African American Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humphries, Marisha L.; Jagers, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the ways in which cultural orientation (communalism and material well-being) and empathy influence the moral reasoning of African American middle to late adolescents. Specifically, this study utilized path analysis to investigate Ward's (1995) hypothesis that a communal orientation would promote morality among African American

  19. Work Stress in the Family Life of African Americans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broman, Clifford L.

    2001-01-01

    Investigated the link between job-related stressors and family life among African Americans. Data from African Americans who participated in the America's Changing Lives survey indicated that job latitude positively affected marital harmony, and physical demands negatively affected marital harmony. Psychosocial demands, job bother, and chronic…

  20. Indigenous Systems within the African-American Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marbley, Aretha Faye; Rouson, Leon

    2011-01-01

    For the African-American family, life ain't been no crystal stair. The African-American family has trotted for over 400 years through a wilderness of racism, poverty, discrimination of all kinds, crossing seas of monsters and forests of demons. Yet, despite the numerous obstacles and attacks that society has mounted against it since slavery, the…

  1. The experiences of African American graduate students: A cultural transition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joretta Joseph

    2007-01-01

    Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) have long been an intellectual resource for the African American community. HBCUs have provided and continue to provide an educational pathway for many Black students, particularly women who seek graduate and advanced degrees. However, despite the overwhelmingly positive presence of HBCU in the African American community, the academic training of students who graduate from

  2. HIV Treatment in African Americans: Challenges and Opportunities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victoria A. Cargill; Valerie E. Stone; M. Renee Robinson

    2004-01-01

    This article reviews the current standard of care for HIV infection as well as how health disparities in the HIV care of African Americans present challenges for both providers and patients. The potential side effects in these antiretroviral treatment regimens that may be a source of additional challenges in treating African Americans are highlighted. A brief review of these issues

  3. Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.

    This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

  4. Having our Say: African American Women, Diversity, and Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Rhonda M.; Coker, Angela D.; Durodoye, Beth A.; McCollum, Vivian J.; Pack-Brown, Sherlon P.; Constantine, Madonna G.; O'Bryant, Beverly J.

    2005-01-01

    This article presents the voices of seven African American female counselor educators. The authors, having formally and informally collaborated in multiple settings over the past few years, decided to illuminate the challenges and successes of African American female counselor educators to add another dimension to our profession's discussion on…

  5. Explorative study of African Americans and internet dating

    E-print Network

    Spates, Kamesha Sondranek

    2005-02-17

    EXPLORATIVE STUDY OF AFRICAN AMERICANS AND INTERNET DATING A Thesis by KAMESHA SONDRANEK SPATES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Sociology EXPLORATIVE STUDY OF AFRICAN AMERICANS AND INTERNET DATING A Thesis by KAMESHA SONDRANEK SPATES...

  6. African Americans' Reactions to Diversity Programs: Does Procedural Justice Matter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richard, Orlando C.; Kirby, Susan L.

    1997-01-01

    Used an organizational justice approach to examine workforce diversity programs and their potential effects on attitudes of African American beneficiaries through data from 66 African American undergraduates. Beneficiaries were more concerned about adequate procedural justification for the decision to hire them under a diversity program than the…

  7. African American Women and Breastfeeding: An Integrative Literature Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Becky S. Spencer; Jane S. Grassley

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to present a review of literature regarding factors that influence breastfeeding intentions, initiation, and duration in the African American population. Research related to health disparities experienced by African Americans in the United States, as well as research regarding the protective benefits of breastfeeding for those specific health disparities, are also presented. Community and institutional

  8. Social Achievement Goals: Validation among Rural African American Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Martin H.; Mueller, Christian E.; Royal, Kenneth D.; Shim, Sungok Serena; Hart, Caroline O.

    2013-01-01

    Little extant research attempts to understand why rural African Americans engage in social relationships with peers in school. This is somewhat surprising as rural students' peer interactions often affect their scholastic desires, and peers can alter African Americans' academic performance. Hence, the current study examined both the…

  9. Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia among African Americans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combs, Dennis R.; Penn, David L.; Cassisi, Jeffrey; Michael, Chris; Wood, Terry; Wanner, Jill; Adams, Scott

    2006-01-01

    Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial…

  10. Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia Among African Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dennis R. Combs; David L. Penn; Jeffrey Cassisi; Chris Michael; Terry Wood; Jill Wanner; Scott Adams

    2006-01-01

    Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial to measure paranoia on a continuum, but few

  11. Clustering of Risk Behaviours among African American Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baruth, M.; Addy, C. L.; Wilcox, S.; Dowda, M.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: Individuals may engage in more than one risk behaviour at any given time. The extent to which risk behaviours cluster among African American adults has been largely unexplored. This study examined the prevalence and clustering of three risk behaviours among African American church members: smoking; low moderate-to-vigorous intensity…

  12. Contribute to the Disparate Representation of African American Men

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jerlando F. L. Jackson

    In terms of income and employment opportunities, previous studies have indicated that African American men fare less well than their White counterparts in the academic workforce, including a recent study by the author that found the hiring practices in higher education had a disparate effect on African American men. On the grounds that human capital and merit-based performance measures have

  13. Sleeping Beauty Redefined: African American Girls in Transition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kusimo, Patricia S.

    This paper examines the interests, perceptions, and participation of 16 African American girls in a program designed to improve girls' persistence in science, mathematics, and technology (SMT). The girls are among 33 African American and 73 total original participants in "Rural and Urban Images: Voices of Girls in Science, Mathematics, and…

  14. African American Homeschooling and the Question of Curricular Cultural Relevance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazama, Ama; Lundy, Garvey

    2013-01-01

    Homeschooling, and academic interest in this phenomenon, have increased tremendously over the last decade. The surge of African American involvement in the homeschool movement has also become noticeable. However, there continues to be a general paucity of research on the motivations of African American parents that choose homeschooling. In order…

  15. These Hallowed Halls: African American Women College and University Presidents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Gerri

    2007-01-01

    Early laws prohibited African Americans from learning to read and write in the United States. The right to an education has produced a significant number of African American women acquiring higher education. Racial and gender diversity at the presidential level in higher education 4-year institutions appears to be changing rapidly. The data…

  16. African American College Students: Establishing HIV Prevention Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, Cecil

    African American college students are among the age group of African Americans who are at significantly higher risk for heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Much of the research in this area suggests that for the majority of these students, there is little or no relationship between the knowledge of HIV transmission and…

  17. Beyond Statistics: African American Male Persistence in Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickens, Manuel Dewayne

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative case study that consists of six African American male participants is to examine, describe, and analyze African American male persistence factors at a community college in the midwest of the United States. The study uses qualitative content analysis as a research method that provides a systematic and objective means…

  18. The African American Family and AIDS: Counseling Issues and Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowe, Patrick; Beamish, Patricia M.

    This document discusses the application of a systems approach for family counseling for African American families with a family member infected with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). It begins by citing statistics that illustrate that there exists a disproportionate representation of cases of AIDS among African Americans. A discussion on…

  19. Bridging Native American Culture and Chemistry: Gas Chromatography Experiments That Examine Native Foods.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sykes, Andrew G.; Caple, Gerald

    1999-01-01

    Describes three chemistry experiments that link common foodstuffs traditionally and currently harvested by Native Americans in different parts of North America to modern chemical instrumentation and discovery methods. (CCM)

  20. African Self-Consciousness and Health-Promoting Behaviors among African American College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Shawn N.; Chambers, John W., Jr.

    2000-01-01

    Investigated three models of relationships between African self-consciousness, health consciousness, and health-promoting behaviors among African American college students. The models included the mediator model, moderator model, and independent model. Surveys of 80 students supported the independent model, suggesting that African

  1. 78 FR 66619 - National Native American Heritage Month, 2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-05

    ...the United States of America A Proclamation From Alaskan mountain peaks to the Argentinian pampas to the rocky shores of Newfoundland, Native Americans were the first to carve out cities, domesticate crops, and establish great civilizations. When...

  2. Native Americans and cancer risks: moving toward multifaceted solutions.

    PubMed

    Weaver, Hilary N

    2010-05-01

    Native Americans experience some of the poorest health statistics of any people in the United States, including rising cancer risks. If we are to truly understand and address health concerns among Native Americans, we need multifaceted interventions and policy solutions. Much of the current attention to Native American health issues examines behavioral health patterns and related interventions (that is, smoking rates and programs to moderate them). While such programs are necessary, they are not sufficient. It is imperative that the impact of the environment, including toxic waste exposure, be considered when examining cancer risk and moving toward solutions that reduce that risk for Native Americans. This article examines cancer risk factors related to both health behaviors and the physical environment. By examining these two areas, we can begin to understand the risks and move toward appropriate programmatic and policy solutions. PMID:20446175

  3. The Native American Astrobiology in the Secondary Classroom Initiative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berthelson, M.; Morales, C.; Ceballos, M.

    2010-04-01

    Astrobiology as a platform to engage Native American K-12 Students into the sciences and mathematics with the intent of helping them change any negative views of science and mathematics into possible future educational goals and career paths.

  4. Substance-Abuse and the Native American Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Susanna; DeBlassie, Richard R.

    1984-01-01

    Presents an overview of substance abuse, focusing on Native American students. Emphasizes school counselor intervention strategies and the counselor client relationship. Counselors must be aware of their own values and cultural attitudes in dealing with Indian students. (JAC)

  5. 78 FR 27078 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ...object needed by a traditional Native American religious leader for the practice of traditional Native American religion by present-day...List of Subjects in 43 CFR Part 10 Administrative practice and procedure, Hawaiian Natives, Historic...

  6. African-American women and abortion: a neglected history.

    PubMed

    Ross, L J

    1992-01-01

    The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a brief historical record of the ways African-American women have sought to control their fertility through the use of abortion and birth control. It also examines the activism of African-American women in the establishment of family planning clinics and in defense of abortion rights. PMID:1420666

  7. Native Waters: An American Indian Water Resource Education Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2004-01-01

    This community education initiative supports the efforts of Native American tribal leaders, educators, and students to develop contemporary, scientifically accurate, and culturally sensitive water education resources, programs, and networking opportunities. A traveling exhibit provides a Native American point of view on protection and conservation of water resources. A teachers' guide is provided to accompany the exhibit. Other materials include learning opportunities for students and educators, news articles, publications, scholarship information, and links to related information.

  8. Utah Studies--Early Native Americans in Utah

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Albion Middle School Library--Mrs. Bates

    2006-10-09

    This activity will help you discover if the environment affected some of the early Native American inhabitants of Utah. TASK You are working with an archeologist-historian from Utah State University to try to determine if the environment (climate, plant and animal life) affected the food, clothing, and shelter of early Native Americans in Utah. You are also trying to see if the environment affected the hardships and successes these ...

  9. Rheumatic disease in native american children: Opportunities and challenge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James N. Jarvis; Sophia Y. Cleland

    2003-01-01

    Rheumatic diseases are prevalent in Native American adults at rates five to seven times higher than those seen in the Caucasian\\u000a population. Little, however, has been published concerning rheumatic diseases in Native American children. The authors’ work\\u000a in Oklahoma and with tribes on the northern Great Plains demonstrates high rates of childhood-onset rheumatic disease in this\\u000a population. Familial disease is

  10. Drug use among adolescents of five Southwestern Native American tribes.

    PubMed

    Oetting, E R; Edwards, R; Goldstein, G S; Garcia-Mason, V

    1980-04-01

    Drug use by Native American adolescents from five Southwestern tribes is compared with a large national sample. Native Americans show higher use of alcohol, marijuana, and inhalants from the 7th through the 12th grade. They show lower use of barbiturates. Peyote may be seen as less dangerous than LSD. There are no significant differences for other drugs. Cultural characteristics that may inlfuence potential danger from drug use and intervention strategies are noted. PMID:7380602

  11. Native Americans of California and Nevada. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forbes, Jack D.

    This book is designed to provide an introductory synthesis of the history and sociocultural evolution of Native American peoples in the Far West, with strong emphasis on California and Nevada. The book focuses particularly on those historical and cultural experiences likely to have contributed to the present conditions of Native communities and…

  12. Native American Hunting Traditions as a Basis for Outdoor Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinn, William J.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses Native American hunting practices and beliefs applicable to an outdoor education curriculum, focusing on respect and reverence for the earth, animals, and the natural world. Suggests that Native hunting rationales could form a philosophical foundation for environmental education and outdoor education programs. (LP)

  13. Facts and Myths of AIDS and Native American Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vernon, Irene S.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses risk factors for AIDS among Native women: rates of infected male partners, biological factors affecting vulnerability, other sexually transmitted diseases, poverty, access to health services, relationships with partners, lack of trust in health care providers, and intravenous drug use. Describes the work of the Native American Women's…

  14. Narrative Chance. Postmodern Discourse on Native American Indian Literatures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vizenor, Gerald, Ed.

    Native American literary works have often been ignored by serious critics or examined by social scientists in ways that rob them of their effectiveness as works of art. The emphasis of postmodern theory on the creative power of language, on narrative discourse, and on signs and semiotics allows an original and perceptive approach to Native

  15. Getting Past Our Myths and Stereotypes about Native Americans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Walter C.

    2007-01-01

    Most Americans are not very familiar with the first peoples of the Americas. Though some might argue that it is wholly unnecessary to have any knowledge about Native peoples, most would probably agree that some exposure to Native perspectives is a good thing for students. In this article, the author offers his perspective on the most important…

  16. Marriage Among African Americans: What Does the Research Reveal?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia Dixon

    2009-01-01

    The research reveals that African Americans are the least likely to marry, when they marry, they do so later and spend less\\u000a time married than White Americans, and they are the least likely to stay married. Factors contributing to the marriage status\\u000a of African Americans include structural, cultural, individual and interactive factors. Structural factors include the disparity\\u000a in sex ratios

  17. Exploring the Link between Self-Construal and Distress among African American and Asian American College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christopher, Michael S.; Skillman, Gemma D.

    2009-01-01

    The authors investigated ethnicity, self-construal, and distress among African American and Asian American college students. African American students expressed more salient independent self-construals, whereas Asian American students expressed more salient interdependent self-construals. As hypothesized, among African American participants,…

  18. African American Culture and Heritage in Higher Education Research and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, Kassie, Ed.

    Fifteen papers examine the cultural context and history of African Americans in higher education research and practice. Papers are grouped in three parts: African American culture in higher education research; African American higher education research issues and paradigms; and African American culture and higher education policy and practice.…

  19. The Guardian Program for Native Americans: A Historiographic Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelley, Lance

    This report, written for the Americans for Indian Opportunity "Ambassador Program," addresses the need to research the detrimental effects of the guardianship program on Native Americans. The guardianship program was established by the United States government during the early 1900s to protect monies that Indians received from mineral and oil…

  20. Correlates and Predictors of Binge Eating among Native American Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Julie Dorton; Winterowd, Carrie

    2012-01-01

    Obesity and being overweight, as determined by body mass index (BMI), each continues to be of concern for many Native American/American Indians (NA/AI). According to the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders," binge eating is excessive eating or consuming large quantities of food over a short period of time and has been associated…

  1. African Immigrants in the United States: A Socio-Demographic Profile in Comparison to Native Blacks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yanyi K. Djamba

    1999-01-01

    Using data from the 1980 and 1990 U.S. censuses (5% Public Use Microdata Samples), this paper provides the socio-demographic profile of African immigrants in comparison to native blacks. The results show that the number of Africans living in the United States has increased by 6% per year between 1980 and 1990, but the growth has been greater for blacks (11%)

  2. A Student's Guide to Native American Genealogy. Oryx American Family Tree Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kavasch, E. Barrie

    This book provides a step-by-step guide to genealogical research in North America for Native Americans. The book also contains information on the history of Native Americans and their relationships with the United States. Chapters include: (1) "Grandmother Spider's Tangled Web"; (2) "Why Trace Your Roots?"; (3) "Celebrating Heritage and…

  3. Florida has two native species of crocodilians, the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) and the American

    E-print Network

    Mazzotti, Frank

    Florida has two native species of crocodilians, the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) - Native Very common in Florida; not necessary to report. Snout to the American alligator but with a triangular head and slightly more pointed snout. "Spectacle" ridge

  4. Native American Kids: American Indian Children's Well-Being Indicators for the Nation and Two States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willeto, Angela A. A.

    2007-01-01

    American Indian/Alaska Native well-being, survival-based data are rare. This study explores the question of whether or not it is possible to produce such well-being information using secondary data sources. The answer is yes, with some limitations. Hence, Native American data for 10 well-being indicators nationally and for New Mexico and South…

  5. Oxford African American Studies Center: Focus on Women and Literature

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Oxford African American Studies Center has created this website to house its comprehensive collection of scholarship documenting the many and varied experiences that make up African and African American history and culture. Along with over 10,000 articles, 2,500 images, and 200 maps, the site features an excellent "Focus On" series each month, in which the editors compile various short articles, picture essays, and links on a designated topic. The Focus on Women and Literature is particularly noteworthy. Here, visitors can explore the life and works of influential women in American literature, from Phillis Wheatley to Toni Morrison. The site can be easily navigated by subject or by specific biography, with suggestions for related sources and content provided in each section. Additionally, curious visitors will find links to all of the previously featured subjects within the series, ranging from African Americans in Science and Technology to Black Homesteading in the American Western Frontier.

  6. Upper Palaeolithic Siberian genome reveals dual ancestry of Native Americans

    PubMed Central

    Raghavan, Maanasa; Skoglund, Pontus; Graf, Kelly E.; Metspalu, Mait; Albrechtsen, Anders; Moltke, Ida; Rasmussen, Simon; Stafford, Thomas W.; Orlando, Ludovic; Metspalu, Ene; Karmin, Monika; Tambets, Kristiina; Rootsi, Siiri; Mägi, Reedik; Campos, Paula F.; Balanovska, Elena; Balanovsky, Oleg; Khusnutdinova, Elza; Litvinov, Sergey; Osipova, Ludmila P.; Fedorova, Sardana A.; Voevoda, Mikhail I.; DeGiorgio, Michael; Sicheritz-Ponten, Thomas; Brunak, Søren; Demeshchenko, Svetlana; Kivisild, Toomas; Villems, Richard; Nielsen, Rasmus; Jakobsson, Mattias; Willerslev, Eske

    2014-01-01

    The origins of the First Americans remain contentious. Although Native Americans seem to be genetically most closely related to east Asians1–3, there is no consensus with regard to which specific Old World populations they are closest to4–8. Here we sequence the draft genome of an approximately 24,000-year-old individual (MA-1), from Mal’ta in south-central Siberia9, to an average depth of 13. To our knowledge this is the oldest anatomically modern human genome reported to date. The MA-1 mitochondrial genome belongs to haplogroup U, which has also been found at high frequency among Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic European hunter-gatherers10–12, and the Y chromosome of MA-1 is basal to modern-day western Eurasians and near the root of most Native American lineages5. Similarly, we find autosomal evidence that MA-1 is basal to modern-day western Eurasians and genetically closely related to modern-day Native Americans, with no close affinity to east Asians. This suggests that populations related to contemporary western Eurasians had a more north-easterly distribution 24,000 years ago than commonly thought. Furthermore, we estimate that 14 to 38% of Native American ancestry may originate through gene flow from this ancient population. This is likely to have occurred after the divergence of Native American ancestors from east Asian ancestors, but before the diversification of Native American populations in the New World. Gene flow from the MA-1 lineage into Native American ancestors could explain why several crania from the First Americans have been reported as bearing morphological characteristics that do not resemble those of east Asians2,13. Sequencing of another south-central Siberian, Afontova Gora-2 dating to approximately 17,000 years ago14, revealed similar autosomal genetic signatures as MA-1, suggesting that the region was continuously occupied by humans throughout the Last Glacial Maximum. Our findings reveal that western Eurasian genetic signatures in modern-day Native Americans derive not only from post-Columbian admixture, as commonly thought, but also from a mixed ancestry of the First Americans. PMID:24256729

  7. What Women Need to Know about Breast Cancer - African American

    Cancer.gov

    Yet, in 2013, more than 27,000 African American women will be diagnosed with breast cancer. The disease is the most common cancer among this group. And although African American women are less likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer than white women, those African American women who do develop the disease are more likely to die from it (more than 6,000 were projected to die in 2013) than women of any other racial or ethnic group in the United States.

  8. African American teens and the neo-juvenile justice system.

    PubMed

    Rozie-Battle, Judith L

    2002-01-01

    African American youth continue to be overrepresented in the juvenile justice system. As a result of the current political environment and the perceived increase in crime among young people, the nation has moved away from rehabilitation and toward harsher treatment of delinquents. The African American community must encourage policy makers and community leaders to continue to address the disproportionate representation of African American youth in the system. Current policing and prosecutorial policies must also be examined and challenged to end the perception of an unjust system. PMID:12413108

  9. Support Needs of Overweight African American Women for Weight Loss

    PubMed Central

    Thomas, Janet L.; Stewart, Diana W.; Lynam, Ian M.; Daley, Christine M.; Befort, Christie; Scherber, Robyn M.; Mercurio, Andrea E.; Okuyemi, Kolawole S.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To examine social support needs of obese and over-weight African American women for weight loss. Methods Focus groups were conducted with over-weight and obese African American women. Data were analyzed using standard grounded theory text analysis. Results Our middle-aged (45.7 years; SD=12.6) women (N = 66) were interested in receiving support from others focused on the health benefits of weight loss. Behaviors perceived as supportive include co-participating in exercise, providing nutrition education, using positive reinforcements, and avoiding criticism. Conclusions: African American women are interested in a program designed to increase social support for their weight loss. PMID:19182980

  10. Holistic Native Network: Integrated HIV\\/AIDS, Substance Abuse, and Mental Health Services for Native Americans in San Francisco

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ethan Nebelkopf; Maritza Penagos

    2005-01-01

    The Holistic Native Network provides a model for integrated HIV\\/AIDS, substance abuse and mental health services in a cultural context. Funded in 2002 by a grant from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Special Projects of National Significance (SPNS) initiative. the Holistic Native Network is a collaboration of the Native American Health Center and Friendship House Association of American

  11. Self-Control, Native Traditionalism, and Native American Substance Use: Testing the Cultural Invariance of a General Theory of Crime

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Gregory D.; Wood, Peter B.; Dunaway, R. Gregory

    2006-01-01

    Using a sample of White and Native American high school students, the authors provide a test of (a) self-control theory's invariance thesis and (b) native traditionalism as an explanation of Native American substance use. Self-control significantly influenced all forms of substance use when controlling for race and in race-specific analyses.…

  12. An overview of Native American outreach and

    E-print Network

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    and expanding opportunities for American Indians. I wish to acknowledge my gratitude to Henrietta Mann, my College of Nursing is de- signed to address the shortage of professional nurses in American Indian communi- ties. Goals of the CO-OP program are to 1) Increase enrollment of American Indian nursing students

  13. Native Americans in the Health Professions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westberg, Jane; Blue Spruce, George, Jr.

    1999-01-01

    Dr. George Blue Spruce, Jr., who became the first American Indian dentist in 1956, shares his views on health professions for Indian young people, as well as his own experiences. Resources for prospective dental students, information on the Society of American Indian Dentists, and inspiring stories of American Indian healers are provided. (CDS)

  14. African-American Women: Online Archival Collections

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2011-11-11

    The David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University has a wealth of digitized materials related to African American women. This particular collection brings together three noteworthy collections: Elizabeth Johnson Harris: Life Story; Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson: Slave Letters; and Vilet Lester Letter. This last item is particularly noteworthy as it is a very rare item indeed: a letter written by a female slave. The Elizabeth Johnson Harris: A Life Story area brings together the full text of her memories, along with several poems and vignettes published in various newspapers in her lifetime. She was born in 1867 to parents who had been slaves, and the memoir includes information about her own childhood and the importance of religion and education in her life. Finally, the last section brings together letters written by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson to their mistresses and other slave family members in Abingdon, Virginia.

  15. Parenting Needs of Urban, African American Fathers.

    PubMed

    Smith, Tyler K; Tandon, S Darius; Bair-Merritt, Megan H; Hanson, Janice L

    2015-07-01

    Fathers play a critical role in children's development; similarly, fatherhood positively affects men's health. Among the larger population of fathers relatively little is known about the parenting knowledge of urban, African American fathers. Focusing on urban, African American fathers, the objectives of this study were to (1) understand the primary sources from which fathers learn about parenting, (2) determine where and how fathers prefer to receive future parenting education, and (3) explore the information perceived as most valuable to fathers and how this compares with the recommended anticipatory guidance (Bright Futures-based) delivered during well visits. Five focus groups, with a total of 21 participants, were conducted with urban fathers at a community-based organization. Study eligibility included being more than18 years old, English speaking, and having at least one child 0 to 5 years old. During the focus groups, fathers were asked where they received parenting information, how and where they preferred to receive parenting information, and what they thought about Bright Futures parenting guidelines. Fathers most commonly described receiving parenting information from their own relatives rather than from their child's health care provider. Most fathers preferred to learn parenting from a person rather than a technology-based source and expressed interest in learning more about parenting at community-based locations. Although fathers viewed health care providers' role as primarily teaching about physical health, they valued Bright Futures anticipatory guidance about parenting. Fathers valued learning about child rearing, health, and development. Augmenting physician counseling about Bright Futures with community-based parenting education may be beneficial for fathers. PMID:25147096

  16. African American Men and Prostate Cancer: Be Your Own Advocate and Understand Screening

    MedlinePLUS

    AFRICAN AMERICAN MEN AND PROSTATE CANCER: BE YOUR OWN ADVOCATE AND UNDERSTAND SCREENING By the National Cancer Institute September is National ... most commonly diagnosed type of cancer among American men. For reasons that are still unknown, African American ...

  17. After Columbus: Four-Hundred Years of Native American Portraiture

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The New York Public Library's early efforts to collect Native American portraiture were greatly aided by gifts and purchases made by Dr. Wilberforce Eames and J.P. Morgan. Morgan was a sponsor of Edward S. Curtis's massive survey of North American Native Americans and Eames was the Library's bibliographer. This particular digital collection from the Library brings together some of these early acquisitions, including George Caitlin's "North American Indian Portfolio" from 1845 and Frederic Allen Williams' "Photographs of American Indians". In total, this digital collection includes 369 prints and drawings. Visitors can browse through each portfolio at their leisure, or they can also elect to search through the entire collection by title or keyword.

  18. Changing psychiatric perception of African-Americans with affective disorders.

    PubMed

    Jarvis, G Eric

    2012-12-01

    This article explored the origins and implications of the underdiagnosis of affective disorders in African-Americans. MEDLINE and old collections were searched using relevant key words. Reference lists from the articles that were gathered from this procedure were reviewed. The historical record indicated that the psychiatric perception of African-Americans with affective disorders changed significantly during the last 200 years. In the antebellum period, the mental disorders of slaves mostly went unnoticed. By the early 20th century, African-Americans were reported to have high rates of manic-depressive disorder compared with whites. By the mid-century, rates of manic-depressive disorder in African-Americans plummeted, whereas depression remained virtually nonexistent. In recent decades, diagnosed depression and bipolar disorder, whether in clinical or research settings, were inexplicably low in African-Americans compared with whites. Given these findings, American psychiatry needs to appraise the deep-seated effects of historical stereotypes on the diagnosis and treatment of African-Americans. PMID:23197118

  19. Cultural variation in the social organization of problem solving among African American and European American siblings.

    PubMed

    Budak, Daniel; Chavajay, Pablo

    2012-07-01

    This study examined the social organization of a problem-solving task among 15 African American and 15 European American sibling pairs. The 30 sibling pairs between the ages of 6 and 12 were video recorded constructing a marble track together during a home visit. African American siblings were observed to collaborate more often than European American siblings who were more likely to divide up the labor and direct each other in constructing the marble track. In addition, older European American siblings made more proposals of step plans than older African American siblings. The findings provide insights into the cultural basis of the social organization of problem solving across African American and European American siblings. PMID:22686140

  20. Preparing African American Counselor Education Students for the Professorate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Phillip D.; Bradley, Carla R.; Knight, Donald E.; Bradshaw, Elizabeth S.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to highlight the underrepresentation of African American faculty in CACREP-Accredited counseling programs and to discuss ways of creating and sustaining a pipeline of potential counselor educators for the academy. (Contains 1 table.)

  1. Predictors of Psychological Health among Rural-Residing African Americans 

    E-print Network

    Cook, Helene

    2012-10-19

    The current study examined whether obesity contributed significantly to the prediction of depression and health status independent of other relevant factors such as sex, age, and perceived racism in a sample of 198 African Americans residing within...

  2. Cultural Identification and Academic Achievement among African American Males

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irving, Miles Anthony; Hudley, Cynthia

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between intercultural perceptions, identity, and academic achievement among African American males. Specifically, this study investigated the relationship of academic achievement, cultural mistrust, oppositional cultural attitudes, ethnic identity development and educational outcome expectations and value,…

  3. Transgenerational Consequences of Racial Discrimination for African American Health

    PubMed Central

    Goosby, Bridget J.; Heidbrink, Chelsea

    2014-01-01

    Disparities in African American health remain pervasive and persist transgenerationally. There is a growing consensus that both structural and interpersonal racial discrimination are key mechanisms affecting African American health. The Biopsychosocial Model of Racism as a Stressor posits that the persistent stress of experiencing discrimination take a physical toll on the health of African Americans and is ultimately manifested in the onset of illness. However, the degree to which the health consequences of racism and discrimination can be passed down from one generation to the next is an important avenue of exploration. In this review, we discuss and link literature across disciplines demonstrating the harmful impact of racism on African American physical health and the health of their offspring. PMID:24855488

  4. Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer: Information for African Americans

    Cancer.gov

    Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer: Information for African Americans. This article addresses myths about skin cancer and discusses how everyone can protect their skin. It also introduces an NCI publication for minorities: Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer.

  5. Residential insecticide exposure during pregnancy among African American and

    E-print Network

    Residential insecticide exposure during pregnancy among African American and Dominican mothers, maternal height, pre-pregnancy weight and weight gain, medications #12;Insecticides measured and exposure during pregnancy Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health #12;Pest sightings 85

  6. Barriers to using palliative care: insight into African American culture.

    PubMed

    Drisdom, Sheronda

    2013-08-01

    As the hospice care setting becomes more racially and ethnically diverse, attending to the different conditions and needs of various groups is essential to providing optimal care. African Americans make up only a small percentage of hospice users in the United States. This article highlights barriers associated with the underenrollment of African Americans into hospice and palliative care programs. A thorough analysis of the literature was conducted to define hospice and palliative care and assess circumstances that impact the use of hospice services by African Americans. Many African Americans are not choosing hospice care because of cultural issues or knowledge deficits, whether through lack of communication or low literacy. Healthcare providers can begin by familiarizing themselves with hospice organizations and developing and putting into practice strategies to communicate with and educate patients and families about hospice care in a culturally sensitive manner. PMID:23899976

  7. African American Women's Breastfeeding Experiences: Cultural, Personal, and Political Voices.

    PubMed

    Spencer, Becky; Wambach, Karen; Domain, Elaine Williams

    2015-07-01

    The low rate of breastfeeding among African American women in the United States is a poorly understood, persistent disparity. Our purpose in this study was to gain an understanding of how African American women experience breastfeeding in the context of their day-to-day lives. The Sequential-Consensual Qualitative Design (SCQD), a 3-stage qualitative methodology aimed at exploring the cultural, personal, and political context of phenomena, was used to explore the experiences of African American women who felt successful with breastfeeding. An integration of qualitative content analysis and Black feminist theory was used to analyze the data. Themes that emerged from Stage-2 data analysis included self-determination, spirituality and breastfeeding, and empowerment. In Stage 3 of the study, participant recommendations regarding breastfeeding promotion and support initiatives for African American breastfeeding were categorized into three themes, including engaging spheres of influence, sparking breastfeeding activism, and addressing images of the sexual breast vs. the nurturing breast. PMID:25288408

  8. Prevalence and correlates of sun protection behaviors among African Americans

    E-print Network

    Pichon, Latrice Crystal

    2008-01-01

    African Americans seek most skin care from a primary careFurther, health care providers may not discuss skin cancercare doctors may not have the necessary training and/or skills to properly diagnose and treat skin

  9. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS IN ALLEGHENY COUNTY

    E-print Network

    Sibille, Etienne

    SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS IN ALLEGHENY COUNTY A BLACK PAPER County (hereafter referred to as "the County"). Although most sexually transmitted diseases characterized sexually transmitted diseases as "hidden epidemics." STDs are considered hidden because only

  10. Addressing the lack of Baseball Consumption amongst African Americans 

    E-print Network

    Brown, Brandon Leigh

    2013-08-06

    The African American consumer represents a valuable market segment in the United States. This target market possesses both substantial purchasing power and future growth potential. Yet, baseball marketers have failed to ...

  11. Tumor Immunobiological Differences in Prostate Cancer between African-American and European-American Men

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tiffany A. Wallace; Robyn L. Prueitt; Ming Yi; Tiffany M. Howe; John W. Gillespie; Robert M. Stephens; Neil E. Caporaso; Christopher A. Loffredo; Stefan Ambs

    2008-01-01

    The incidence and mortality rates of prostate cancer are significantly higher in African-American men when compared with European-American men. We tested the hypothesis that differences in tumor biology contribute to this survival health disparity. Using microarray technology, we obtained gene expression profiles of primary prostate tumors resected from 33 African-American and 36European-American patients. These tumors were matched on clinical variables.

  12. Therapeutic Group Mentoring with African American Male Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utsey, Shawn O.; Howard, Alexis; Williams, Otis, III

    2003-01-01

    Present a culturally congruent approach to working with African American male adolescents in foster care. The therapeutic mentoring group was developed based on principles derived from a West African social and cultural worldview. A case study approach is used to describe the model's implementation and demonstrate its clinical utility with an…

  13. Title I: African-American Studies Program. Student Workbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Linda

    This is a student workbook in African American studies used in the Detroit, Michigan public schools in 1978-79. The workbook contains student exercises in African history, culture, geography, languages, architecture, folktales, food, and artifacts. The continent of Africa is covered in units on Egypt, North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, and…

  14. African Music in an American Context. Mini-Module.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    African-American Inst., New York, NY. School Services Div.

    Insights are offered into how speech, melody, and rhythm dramatize the differences in the construction and interpretation of music for Africa and America. Intended for use in instructing American students about African music, the learning module relates music to traditional African culture and maintains that the music is at the same time…

  15. Sweet Words So Brave: The Story of African American Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, James Michael; Curry, Barbara K.

    This illustrated book introduces readers to African American literature by telling the story of the men and women who contributed to this body of work. The book begins by recounting the Africans' journey into slavery and how they kept their stories alive by telling them to one another, and by handing them down from generation to generation.…

  16. An Update on Hypertension among African-Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keith C Ferdinand; Verna L Welch

    2007-01-01

    In the US, a disproportionate burden of hypertension and its associated complications—including coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and end-stage renal disease and cardiovascular disease mortality—affect African-Americans (also referred to as US blacks). 2 This excess burden of hypertension among African-Americans has been recognized since early in the 1900s and explains a substantial portion of health disparities in this population.

  17. African-American Health over the Life Course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JAMES S. JACKSON; SHERRILL L. SELLERS

    This chapter outlines a multidimensional life-course framework to help clarify the psychological mechanisms that may contribute\\u000a to poor physical and psychological health outcomes among African-Americans. We suggest how the framework clarifies major health\\u000a issues at each life stage and how it might help in designing programs that promote health among African-Americans.

  18. Immigration, Income, Drinking and Obesity in African American Adults

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julius N. Ade; Jim Rohrer; Nancy K. Rea

    The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between immigration status, income, drinking and overweight\\u000a and obesity in African American adults residing in the United States using an internet web based survey. Data on 303 adult\\u000a African American immigrants and non-immigrants was collected using a self-administered web based survey. Respondents were\\u000a recruited using a snowball sampling technique to

  19. Low-Income African-American Women Talk About Stress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DebraMoehle McCallum; Susan E. Arnold; John M. Bolland

    2002-01-01

    Research on stress has focused primarily on life-change events and daily hassles as sources of stress that can affect physical and mental health. There is evidence, however, that chronic conditions causing stress may be more characteristic of the lives of poor, African Americans. For this study, 45 African-American women living in low-income neighborhoods participated in focus group discussions about sources

  20. Predictors of Consistent Condom Use Among Young African American Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard A. Crosby; Ralph J. DiClemente; Laura F. Salazar; Gina M. Wingood; Jessica McDermott-Sales; April M. Young; Eve Rose

    The purpose of this study was to determine the predictive value of selected factors to the consistent use of condoms among\\u000a high-risk young African American women. A clinic-based, prospective, study of 242 young, African-American women (ages 15–21)\\u000a was conducted. In multivariate analysis, consistent condom use was predicted by having greater perceptions of condom negotiation\\u000a self-efficacy, lower fear of negotiating condom

  1. Correlates of Casual Sex Among African-American Female Teens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard A. Crosby; Ralph J. Diclemente; Gina M. Wingood; Catlainn Sionean; Brenda K. Cobb; Kathy F. Harrington; Susan L. Davies; Edward W. Hook III; M. Kim Oh

    2002-01-01

    This study identified correlates of reporting voluntary sex with casual partner (VS-CP) among African American adolescent females. Sexually active African-American female teens (N = 522) were recruited from neighborhoods characterized by high rates of unemployment, substance abuse, violence and STDs. Of the 609 eligible adolescents, 522 (85.7%) agreed to participate in the study. VS-CP was reported by 15.9% of adolescents.

  2. Early Literacy Skills in African-American Children: Research Considerations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julie A. Washington

    2001-01-01

    The poor reading achievement of African- American children in urban schools is well established. African-American children from low-income homes may be at particular risk for reading difficulties, al- though middle-income children often fare poorly as well. Intervention efforts have focused on children in kindergarten through fifth grade. This article suggests that prevention efforts must begin prior to kindergarten entry. Several

  3. Implication of European-derived adiposity loci in African Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J M Hester; M R Wing; J Li; N D Palmer; J Xu; P J Hicks; B H Roh; J M Norris; L E Wagenknecht; C D Langefeld; B I Freedman; D W Bowden; M C Y Ng; MCY Ng

    2012-01-01

    Objective:Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple novel loci associated with adiposity in European-derived study populations. Limited study of these loci has been reported in African Americans. Here we examined the effects of these previously identified adiposity loci in African Americans.Methods:A total of 46 representative single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 19 loci that were previously reported in GWAS in Europeans

  4. HIV\\/AIDS Stigma and Religiosity Among African American Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy Muturi; Soontae An

    2010-01-01

    African American women are disproportionately affected by HIV\\/AIDS compared with other ethnicities, accounting for two-thirds (67%) of all women diagnosed with HIV. Despite their increased risk of HIV infection, few studies have been conducted to understand culture-specific factors leading to their vulnerability. Given the central role of religious organizations in African American communities, this study explored whether and to what

  5. Exploring Religion-Health Mediators among African American Parishioners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cheryl L. Holt; Laura A. Lewellyn; Mary Jo Rathweg

    2005-01-01

    This qualitative study examined the religiosity-health association among African Americans, with particular attention to mediators through which religiosity positively impacts health. We conducted 31 interviews across seven African American churches of different Christian denominations. Semi-structured interviews were completed with male and female parishioners. Participants were asked to describe the religiosity-health association in their own terms, and if and how their

  6. Measuring Sustained Mammography Use By Urban African-American Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amanda L. Greene; Celeste M. Torio; Ann C. Klassen

    2005-01-01

    Although the numbers of African-American women who are ‘ever’ screened for breast cancer has increased, sustaining regular screening over a lifetime remains a problem. Face-to-face interviews about breast cancer screening were conducted with 576 African-American women from an east coast city. The well-screened index measuring adherence to breast cancer screening guidelines was developed and tested. This index incorporated a woman’s

  7. American Indian and Alaska Natives Suicide

    MedlinePLUS

    ... M. (1999). Factors Associated with Suicide Ideation among American Indian Adolescents: Does Culture Matter? Suicide and ... Substance Abuse and Mental Health Problems Substance abuse disorder and ...

  8. Differences between African Americans and whites in the outcome of heart failure: Evidence for a greater functional decline in African Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Viola Vaccarino; Evelyne Gahbauer; Stanislav V. Kasl; Peter A. Charpentier; Denise Acampora; Harlan M. Krumholz

    2002-01-01

    Background National statistics indicate that African Americans are disproportionately affected by mortality and hospitalizations resulting from heart failure when compared with other racial\\/ethnic groups. This might, in part, reflect a poorer course of heart failure among African Americans. Methods We conducted a prospective cohort study of 316 white and 82 African American consecutive patients aged ?50 years with decompensated heart

  9. Accuracy of the diagnosis of hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans: A report from the African American Study of Kidney Disease (AASK) Trial

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Agnes Fogo; Julia A Breyer; Michael C Smith; William H Cleveland; Lawrence Agodoa; Katharine A Kirk; Richard Glassock

    1997-01-01

    Accuracy of the diagnosis of hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans: A report from the African American Study of Kidney Disease (AASK) Trial. African Americans have excess hypertension and end-stage renal disease presumed due to hypertension compared to Caucasians. The AASK was designed to examine the impact of antihypertensive therapies and two levels of blood pressure control on the rate of

  10. Evaluating Academic Achievement of African-American Male Students in Relationship to African-American Male Teachers in Guilford County, North Carolina Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniels, Byron L.

    2010-01-01

    The home and the public school classroom have been key environments in the African American community and have been instrumental in developing identity and encouraging academic progress. Despite this, the dropout rates of African American males in secondary grades have increased, while academic achievement scores of African American males in the…

  11. An Investigation of African American Parents' Perception of School Leaders as It Relates to Parent Engagement and the African American Male Student

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Currie, Delvon Denise

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate African American parents' perception of school leaders as it relates to parent engagement and the African American male student. Specifically, this study addressed African American parents' perceptions of the quality of their child's education and the quality of communication they received from their…

  12. Health education interventions among Native Americans: a review and analysis.

    PubMed

    LeMaster, P L; Connell, C M

    1994-01-01

    Relatively few health education interventions directed at preventive health behaviors and management of chronic illness among Native Americans have been reported in the literature. This article provides a selective review of health education interventions among Native Americans that address the prevention and management of chronic illnesses/conditions as well as preventive health behaviors. For each intervention included in the review, a description of its cultural relevance, sample, design, and evaluation is provided. Limitations are noted, as well as implications for research and practice. PMID:7843981

  13. Review: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in African Americans.

    PubMed

    Shah, Sachil

    2012-01-01

    Heart failure (HF) affects 5,700 000 people in the United States, with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) being responsible for between 30%-50% of acute admissions. Epidemiological studies and HF registries have found HFPEF patients to be older, hypertensive and to have a history of atrial fibrillation. These findings, however, may not be fully applicable to African Americans, as they have been poorly studied making up only a minority of the test subjects. This review article is intended to discuss the pathophysiology and epidemiology of HFPEF within African Americans, highlight the differences compared to Caucasian populations and review current treatment guidelines. Studies looking at African Americans in particular have shown them to be younger, female and have worse diastolic dysfunction compared to Caucasian populations. African Americans also have been shown to have a worse mortality outcome especially in patients without coronary artery disease. The treatment of HFPEF is primarily symptomatic with no survival benefit seen in randomized controlled trials. Mechanisms postulated for the worse prognosis in African Americans with HFPEF include: greater incidence of hypertension and diastolic dysfunction, undefined race-driven genetic predispositions or relative resistance to medications that treat HF in general. The biological predispositions may also be compounded by inequality of healthcare access; something still felt to exist today. Prospective studies and randomized controlled trials need to be conducted with particular emphasis on African American populations to fully elucidate this disease and to formulate race specific treatment outcomes for the future. PMID:23140073

  14. Some Socio-Behavioral Correlates of African Self-Consciousness in African-American College Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph A. Baldwin; Raeford Brown; Reginald Rackley

    1990-01-01

    Two stepwise multiple regression analyses were performed on the African self-consciousness (ASC) Scale scores of 219 African-American male and female college students utilizing 36 background and 20 Africentric activity factors as the predictor variables. The results revealed that only a very small number of the two sets of predictors were significantly related to the ASC scores. The background factors of

  15. Racial Identity, African Self-Consciousness, and Career Decision Making in African American College Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alston, Reginald J.; McCowan, Carla J.

    1998-01-01

    Examines racial identity, African self-consciousness, and career decidedness in 212 African-American college women. Comparisons were made between senior and first-year students at a historically Black and a predominantly White university. Findings indicate that seniors at both institutions had higher levels of racial identity than did freshmen.…

  16. Port of Sanctuary: The Aesthetic of the African/African American and the Barnes Foundation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollingsworth, Charles H.

    1994-01-01

    Asserts that, although it has been ignored by most art historians and art educators, the Barnes Foundation was founded upon a unique African/African American esthetic influence. Describes influences on the life of Dr. Albert C. Barnes, his world view, and the decision to establish the Barnes Foundation and its art collection. (CFR)

  17. Crossing Cultures in Marriage: Implications for Counseling African American/African Couples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durodoye, Beth A.; Coker, Angela D.

    2008-01-01

    A wealth of literature exists regarding intermarriage between White and ethnic minority couples. Noticeably lacking, however, is information considering within-group diversity amongst Black couples. This paper will focus on cultural dynamics that may operate with African American and African couples residing in the United States. Through an…

  18. Indian Voices: The Native American Today.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Indian Historical Society, San Francisco, CA.

    The Convocation of American Indian scholars was conceived, organized, and directed by the American Indian Historical Society. The first convocation was held at Princeton University in 1970. Unlike conventions, the convocations are called when emergencies in Indian life exist, when changes are needed, and when new directions are emerging. This…

  19. 20 CFR 668.100 - What is the purpose of the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs)...

  20. 20 CFR 668.200 - What are the requirements for designation as an “Indian or Native American (INA) grantee”?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...designation as an âIndian or Native American (INA) granteeâ? 668.200...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...designation as an “Indian or Native American (INA) grantee”?...

  1. 20 CFR 668.100 - What is the purpose of the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs)...

  2. 78 FR 54416 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996: Announcement of Negotiated...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-04

    ...Docket No. FR-5650-N-05] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public and...INFORMATION: I. Background The Native American Housing and Assistance and...

  3. 20 CFR 668.520 - Must INA grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection of...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection...

  4. 20 CFR 668.520 - Must INA grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection of...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection...

  5. 20 CFR 668.200 - What are the requirements for designation as an “Indian or Native American (INA) grantee”?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...designation as an âIndian or Native American (INA) granteeâ? 668.200...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...designation as an “Indian or Native American (INA) grantee”?...

  6. 20 CFR 668.520 - Must INA grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection of...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection...

  7. 77 FR 39452 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996: Notice of Intent To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-03

    ...Docket No. FR-5650-N-01] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...program authorized under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...Deputy Assistant Secretary for Native American Programs, Office of Public...

  8. 20 CFR 668.100 - What is the purpose of the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs)...

  9. 20 CFR 632.13 - Review of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.13...

  10. 20 CFR 668.940 - What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...false What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...940 What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training...

  11. 75 FR 423 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 2008: Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-05

    ...Docket No. FR-5275-N-04] Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...programs authorized under the Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination...these programs were made by the Native American Housing Assistance and...

  12. 20 CFR 668.200 - What are the requirements for designation as an “Indian or Native American (INA) grantee”?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...designation as an âIndian or Native American (INA) granteeâ? 668.200...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...designation as an “Indian or Native American (INA) grantee”?...

  13. 77 FR 61761 - Announcement of the Award of a Single-Source Grant to the Native American Fatherhood and Families...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-11

    ...Single-Source Grant to the Native American Fatherhood and Families Association...of a single-source grant to Native American Fatherhood and Families Association...promoting Responsible Fatherhood in Native American...

  14. 20 CFR 668.940 - What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...false What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...940 What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training...

  15. 20 CFR 668.940 - What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...false What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...940 What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training...

  16. 20 CFR 632.13 - Review of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...of denial of designation as a Native American grantee, or rejection of a Comprehensive...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS Designation Procedures for Native American Grantees § 632.13...

  17. 20 CFR 668.940 - What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...false What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training Council...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...940 What is the role of the Native American Employment and Training...

  18. 20 CFR 668.100 - What is the purpose of the programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs) under...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...programs established to serve Native American peoples (INA programs)...

  19. 20 CFR 668.520 - Must INA grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection of...LABOR (CONTINUED) INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...grantees give preference to Indian/Native American entities in the selection...

  20. 20 CFR 668.200 - What are the requirements for designation as an “Indian or Native American (INA) grantee”?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...designation as an âIndian or Native American (INA) granteeâ? 668.200...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR INDIAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS UNDER TITLE I OF THE...designation as an “Indian or Native American (INA) grantee”?...

  1. Kill Them Before They Grow. Misdiagnosis of African American Boys in American Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Michael

    This book contends that the American public education system has made "black male" synonymous with "disabled" through the creation of the labels "Behavior Disorders" and "Emotional Disorders." These labels, which say that African American boys cannot behave without special treatment, juvenile probation, and, in many cases, drugs, condemns African

  2. An Empirical Examination of Inter-Ethnic Stereotypes: Comparing Asian American and African American Employees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Jackie; Carr-Ruffino, Norma; Ivancevich, John M.; Lownes-Jackson, Millicent

    2003-01-01

    Undergraduates (n=127) read career histories (including photographs) of fictitious employees in a 2x2x2 design depicting job type (engineer/human resources), ethnicity (Asian or African American), and gender, with the same qualifications and performance information. African-American males were rated most negatively on work characteristics;…

  3. The Persistence of Racial Disadvantage: The Socioeconomic Attainments of Single-Race and Multi-Race Native Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimberly R. Huyser; Arthur Sakamoto; Isao Takei

    2010-01-01

    Using data from the 2000 U.S. Census, we investigate the schooling and earnings of single-race and multi-race Native Americans.\\u000a Our analysis distinguishes between Single-Race Native Americans, biracial White Native Americans, biracial Hispanic-White\\u000a Native Americans, and biracial Black Native Americans. Further differentiating by gender, the results indicate significant\\u000a variation in socioeconomic attainments across these different Native American groups although almost all

  4. Distribution of Y Chromosomes Among Native North Americans: A Study of Athapaskan Population History

    E-print Network

    Kemp, Brian M.

    Distribution of Y Chromosomes Among Native North Americans: A Study of Athapaskan Population- lyzed to investigate the geographic distribution of Y chro- mosomes among native North Americans Department of Forest Management, University of Montana, Missoula 7 California National Primate Research

  5. A Longitudinal Study of Hope in Native American Children and Adolescents

    E-print Network

    Mashunkashey-Shadlow, Joanna

    2007-09-25

    Native Americans are at greater risk for trauma and negative mental health outcomes than the general population. Several protective factors have been identified within the Native American culture that may aid in decreasing ...

  6. Early Head Start and African American Families: Impacts and Mechanisms of Child Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harden, Brenda Jones; Sandstrom, Heather; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel

    2012-01-01

    Persistent disparities exist between African American children and their European American counterparts across developmental domains. Early childhood intervention may serve to promote more positive outcomes among African American children. The current study examined whether and how the Early Head Start (EHS) program benefited African American

  7. Feature Articles on African Americans in Sports Illustrated in the 1990s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angela Lumpkin

    2009-01-01

    This descriptive study examined whether the coverage of African Americans in the feature articles in Sports Illustrated during the 1990s was representative of their participation levels. Nearly half of the articles featured European Americans; about one-third featured African Americans. More African Americans were featured in basketball, boxing,…

  8. Native Americans in the Health Professions: Two Interviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westberg, Jane

    1999-01-01

    Interviews with Dr. Joseph Bell, president of the American Association of Indian Physicians (AAIP), and Wabanang Kuczek, physician assistant, discuss health-care services needed by Native people, AAIP efforts to recruit Indian students into medicine, links to traditional healing, key health issues facing Indian people, and career opportunities as…

  9. Prevention Through Empowerment in a Native American Community

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eva L. Petoskey; Kit R. Van Stelle; Judith A. De Jong

    1998-01-01

    This article describes a work in progress. It reports on a prevention demonstration grant program which combined several complementary strategies: a school-based cultural curriculum, training of teachers, development of a leadership core group, and a community curriculum, in an effort to address the self-perception of personal and communal powerlessness of Native Americans, which places them at risk for drug and

  10. HIV\\/AIDS and Native Americans: The Health Departments' Response

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynne Greabell; Penelope Cordes; Susan J. Klein

    2005-01-01

    For some time, state health department HIV\\/AIDS programs have worked with communities of color to address their unmet needs. Because of the need for a holistic approach to the multiple issues impacting these communities, efforts to address HIV\\/AIDS in Native American communities are often integrated into programs addressing related issues, such as substance abuse, mental health and other STDs. Building

  11. Psychoactive agents and Native American spirituality: Past and present

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence Armand French

    2008-01-01

    Five hundred years of physical and cultural genocide, including prohibitions against traditional aboriginal (pre?Columbian) customs and rituals, many involving the selective use of psychoactive agents, contributed greatly to the current social, health and economic problems among Native Americans both in Indian Country and in urban Indian ghettos. Accordingly, substance abuse – notably alcoholism – has long been part of the

  12. Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students

    SciTech Connect

    2010-03-05

    Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  13. Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2010-01-01

    Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  14. Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2013-04-19

    Argonne National Laboratory's Summer Internship Program for American Indian & Native Alaska College Students. Supported by the Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) in partnership with the Council of Energy Resource Tribes (CERT) and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  15. Financial Aid for Native Americans, 1997-99. First Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlachter, Gail Ann; Weber, R. David

    This directory contains information on programs open primarily or exclusively to Native Americans including scholarships, fellowships, loans, grants, awards, internships, state sources of educational benefits, and general financial aid directories for minorities. The directory is divided into six sections. Within sections, each entry lists program…

  16. Native American Career Education Unit. Putting Your Money to Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

    One of twelve instructional units in the Native American Career Education (NACE) program, this unit is intended to help Indian junior high school students understand how to manage money resources, both on a personal level and in the world of work. In five activities, students do exercises and small group activities in which they consider how money…

  17. Family Issues. Native American Rehabilitation: A Bibliographic Series, No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connell, Joanne Curry; Johnson, Marilyn J.

    Family issues are the main focus of this document, one in a series of seven bibliographies dealing with rehabilitation of disabled Native Americans. The 23 annotated entries were identified through a comprehensive search of relevant data bases covering the years 1966-1986 and were selected to be of use to consumers, policy makers, direct service…

  18. Revitalizing Hispanic and Native American Communities: Four Examples.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Paul; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Describes locally controlled economic development strategies used by Native American and Hispanic cooperatives and organizations: Ganados del Valle, Madera Forest Products Association, Seventh Generation Fund, and Ramah Navajo Weavers Association. Discusses the issues of cultural and economic survival in isolated rural communities. (SV)

  19. Activities commemorating John B. Herrington as first Native American astronaut

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Chickasaw Nation Cultural Resources Director Haskell Alexander (left) presents a gift to Joyce and James Herrington, parents of John Herrington, mission specialist on mission STS-113. Herrington is the first Native American to be going into space.

  20. Racially Based Trust Expectancies of Native American and Caucasian Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotenberg, Ken J.; Cerda, Carrie

    1994-01-01

    Reports on a study of trust expectancies among 113 Native American and Caucasian intermediate grade students in same-race and mixed-race schools. Finds that both racial groups had more trust expectancy of their own race. Also finds that this trust expectancy pattern was somewhat less evident in mixed-race schools. (CFR)