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1

Investigating Instructional Practices of an African American Male Mathematics Teacher with Underachieving African American Male Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the instructional practices of an experienced African American mathematics teacher to determine his perceived capabilities in augmenting academic proficiency for his African American male students. Provided in this descriptive case study are the lived experiences of an African American male teacher working to move…

Muhammad, Rhonda K.

2012-01-01

2

Teacher Efficacy Ratings by African American and European American Preservice Teachers at a Historically Black University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine factor structures of a modified form of Gibson and Dembos Teacher Efficacy Scale with a combined total of 123 African American and European American preservice teachers at a historically Black university, test for differences between participants on teacher efficacy, and examine relationships among…

Mccray Sorrells, Audrey; Schaller, James; Kueifen Yang, Nancy

2004-01-01

3

Perceptions of Teacher Expectations by African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American high school students are performing behind their White classmates regardless of whether they are in majority or minority populations at school. Teacher expectations, among school-related factors that can impact the academic achievement of African American high school students, are the focus of this study. Interviews were conducted…

Pringle, Beverley E.; Lyons, James E.; Booker, Keonya C.

2010-01-01

4

Recruiting Highly Qualified African American Teachers in American Urban Public Schools: A Qualitative Collective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the qualitative collective case study is to identify the weaknesses in the methods used to recruit highly qualified African American preservice teachers in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. The data collection process consisted of one-on-one, open-ended interview questions with 10 highly qualified African American public school…

James, LaNora Marcell

2011-01-01

5

The Experiences of African American Physical Education Teacher Candidates at Secondary Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presently, most physical education teachers in the United States are White Americans and from middle class families. In fact, 83% of all teachers in public schools are White Americans, whereas approximately 10% of all African American teachers are representative of all teachers in the United States. A student might feel cultural dissonance that…

Sato, Takahiro; Fisette, Jennifer; Walton, Theresa

2013-01-01

6

"Putting Herself on the Line": African American Female Teacher Leaders as Exemplars of Social Justice Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing scholarship on teacher leadership fails to account for the perspectives of African American female teacher leaders. In this article, we profile 3 African American female teacher leaders located at different trajectories on historical and professional timelines. Our analysis is grounded in understandings from the intersection of social…

Robinson, Sheila Teel; Baber, Ceola Ross

2013-01-01

7

Measuring Urban Teachers' Beliefs about African American Students: A Psychometric Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding urban teachers' beliefs about African American students has become important because (a) many teachers are reluctant to teach students from other cultures, and (b) most teachers are European American. To construct a psychometrically sound measure of teacher beliefs, the authors investigate the measurement properties of a teacher

Natesan, Prathiba; Kieftenbeld, Vincent

2013-01-01

8

Exploring the Meaning African American PETE Teacher Candidates Ascribe to Their Aquatic Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) programs typically require their graduates to learn to swim proficiently. However, the research base is underdeveloped regarding the aquatic experiences of African Americans in PETE programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning African American PETE teacher candidates ascribe to their…

Sato, Takahiro; Hodge, Samuel R.

2012-01-01

9

Influence of Teacher Characteristics on African American Student Math Achievement in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The achievement gap between African American and White students continues to be an issue of great concern for educators. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of teacher characteristics on African American student math achievement: More specifically, the study examined years of teaching experience, campus teacher turnover, and the…

West, Dorthery Barron

2012-01-01

10

Teacher's Introduction to African American English, A: What a Writing Teacher Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book, Teresa M. Redd and Karen Schuster Webb explain not only what African American English (AAE) is, but also what role it may play in students' mastery of Standard Written English. Designed especially for writing teachers, this volume is a concise, coherent, and current source that summarizes the major schools of thought about…

Redd, Teresa M.; Schuster Webb, Karen

2005-01-01

11

The Effects of African American and European American Males' Behavior Styles on Preservice Teachers' Ratings of Acceptability, Achievement, and Aggression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American students are overrepresented in the category of Emotional Disturbance under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act across the United States. This study examined how preservice teachers rated African American and European American students on three ratings scales across four culturally mediated behaviors: (a) movement…

Cichy, Bryan Ervin

2010-01-01

12

Welcoming Taye: How His English Teacher Embraced an African American Transfer Student in an Affluent Suburb  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study narrative examines the circumstances underlying problems of residency in an affluent Midwest suburb experiencing an unexpected influx of working class African American students. Dilemmas engender a cultural mismatch between teachers and students and discomfort with African-American males. In a controversial climate where students…

Hill, K. Dara

2014-01-01

13

African-American Teachers in the South, 1890-1940: Growth, Feminization, and Salary Discrimination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article reviews demographic trends in the growth of the African American teaching force in the South from 1890 to 1940, highlighting its feminization during that time, investigating the discriminatory salaries for African American teachers, and illuminating the black perspective on the interrelated issues involved. (Author/SM)

Fultz, Michael

1995-01-01

14

Case Study of Rural High School Math Teachers of African American Students  

E-print Network

The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the reflective qualities of high school math teachers of African American students in a rural setting. The case study approach was chosen to capture the voices and instructional practices...

Jones, Marcus Gee

2014-05-03

15

An Exploratory Study of the Career Decisions of African American and Hispanic Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need for culturally diverse teachers. Weiher (2000) studied the relationship between African American and Hispanic student achievement and schools with teachers from diverse ethnic backgrounds. Results indicated the greater the difference between the percentage of ethnically diverse teachers and the percentage of diverse students, the…

Waller, Johnnye

2010-01-01

16

The Impact of Teacher Demographics on the Overrepresentation of African American Males in Special Education in a Coastal School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American students make up 17% of the public school population nationwide. Ironically, 41% percent of students in special education are African American (Kunjufu, 2005). The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of teacher demographics on the overrepresentation of African American males in special education in a coastal school…

Nicks, Myrick Lamon

2012-01-01

17

On Human Kinds and Role Models: A Critical Discussion about the African American Male Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the theoretical implications around positioning the Black male teacher as the central agent of social change for Black male students. In addressing such concerns, my intention is not to discourage efforts to recruit and retain more African American men as teachers, but to trouble the commonsense assumptions embedded in such…

Brown, Anthony L.

2012-01-01

18

Student Perceptions of Teacher Characteristics on Math Achievement for Middle School African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This causal-comparative research explored how African American students' perceptions of their math teachers affected their academic performance on the Math Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP) Test during 2009-2010 academic year. When considering possible measures of teacher effectiveness in K-12 education, it can be argued that…

Clayton, Otis, Jr.

2013-01-01

19

African American Students in a Middle Income, Urban School District: Five Successful Secondary Teachers’ Beliefs and Practices  

E-print Network

This research study was conducted as a qualitative case study of five successful teachers of African American students in a middle income, urban school district. The study was designed to hear the ‘muted’ voices of successful teachers concerning...

Williams Jefferson, Rhonique Lia

2013-12-03

20

Recruiting African American Male Teachers in K-12 Schools: A Case Study in One Urban School District  

E-print Network

A case study of the experiences of six African American male teachers in a southern K-12 school district is presented in this study. The purpose of this study was: 1) to hear the voices of African American male teachers in a selected urban school...

Watson, Jesse

2012-02-14

21

A Long Road to Travel: Narratives of African American Male Preservice Educators' Journeys through a Graduate Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ongoing research concerning African American males enrolled in teacher education programs is essential for a number of reasons. Research specifically addressing preservice teaching, teacher education, and the African American male student is needed to promote the well-being of any school of education. According to McCray, Sindelar, Kilgore,…

Jones, Shawn

2011-01-01

22

Educating African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Schools across America spend money, invest in programs, and sponsor workshops, offer teacher incentives, raise accountability standards, and even evoke the name of Obama in efforts to raise the academic achievement of African American males. Incarceration and college retention rates point to a dismal plight for many African American

Bell, Edward E.

2010-01-01

23

Stroke and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Population Profiles > Black/African American > Stroke Stroke and African Americans African American adults are twice as likely to have a ... persons 18 years of age and over, 2011 African American White African American/ White Ratio Men and Women ...

24

The influence of science education professional development on African-American science teachers' conceptual change and practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conceptual change teaching as a professional development model has moved elementary science teaching beyond lecturing and the memorization of facts to science instruction congruent with the National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, 1996). However, research on the effectiveness of conceptual change teaching reveals some of its limitations. Specifically, little is known about the influence of conceptual change teaching on African American teachers' science pedagogy with African American students. This study employed case study methodology to explore the influence of science education professional development based on the conceptual change model of teaching on teachers with varying levels of science education experiences, science content knowledge, teaching experience, and leadership experience. The study addresses the following questions: (1) How do African American teachers describe the influence of a science education professional development program (Elementary Science Education Partners, ESEP) on their teaching of science to African American students? (2) How do African American teachers describe their beliefs about conceptual change teaching after participating in the ESEP program? (3) Is there a relationship between self-reported conceptual change teaching practices and actual classroom practices? and (4) Is there a relationship between self-reported changes in conceptual change teaching practices and the content of the ESEP professional development institutes? Data were obtained from classroom observations and semi-structured interviews with seven African American educators teaching in an urban school district. Findings from the study indicate that African American teachers who participated in a science education professional development program incorporated several tenets of conceptual change teaching in their science instruction. These included the use of recall questions, hands-on activities, and collaborative groups. This study also revealed that African American teachers used their knowledge of African American students' cultural experiences to teach science. The African American teachers used culturally specific analogies, praise, and motivation in ways that extended beyond their professional development training. The findings of this study have implications in educational curricula, teacher professional development, and science classroom practices.

Tucker Blackman, Angelicque

25

Successful Emergent Literacy Head Start Teachers of Urban African American Boys Living in Poverty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This integrated methods study used a sequential explanatory design to explore the culturally relevant teaching beliefs of successful emergent literacy Head Start teachers of urban African American boys living in poverty. The study utilized emergent literacy gain scores as a measure of success, a survey of culturally relevant teaching beliefs to…

Holland, John Michael

2012-01-01

26

Reflecting on Racism: School Involvement and Perceived Teacher Discrimination in African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships among maternal perceptions of racial discrimination, mother-teacher relationship quality, and school involvement were examined in this sample of 73 African American mothers of kindergarteners and first graders. Mothers reported time spent in school-related activities at home, their attitudes about the importance of school…

Rowley, Stephanie J.; Helaire, Lumas J.; Banerjee, Meeta

2010-01-01

27

Academic Achievement of African American Preadolescents: The Influence of Teacher Perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify the factors associated with the academic success of predominantly, middle-class African American preadolescent students. This study proposed an ecological model that considered the interaction of family environment, teacher perceptions of social skills, and student characteristics. The estimated model explained 58% of the variance in grade point average. Path analysis revealed three direct

Sherri F. Seyfried

1998-01-01

28

Negotiating a Teaching Identity: An African American Teacher's Struggle to Teach in Test-Driven Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examines the experiences of a young African American English teacher over 3 years as she tried to teach multicultural literature. The study began in her senior year of college when she was enrolled in a progressive undergraduate preservice program in English education and continued through her first 2 years as a high school English…

Agee, Jane

2004-01-01

29

Promoting Student Interest in Science: The Perspectives of Exemplary African American Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors of this article argue both the urgency and the promise of establishing a constructive conversation among different bodies of research, including science interest, sociocultural studies in science education, and culturally relevant teaching. With the instructional practices of eight exemplary African American elementary teachers serving…

Xu, Jianzhong; Coats, Linda T.; Davidson, Mary L.

2012-01-01

30

Learning Other People's History: Pre-Service Teachers' Developing African American Historical Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from the historical lens of cultural memory, I examined the development of three social studies pre-service teachers' African American history knowledge. The participants were engaged in a rigorous summer reading program dedicated to learning African American history. This qualitative case study examined both pre and post…

King, LaGarrett Jarriel

2014-01-01

31

Exploration of African-American Males and the Influence of Race, Gender and Teacher Beliefs about Their Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been no shortage of calls to improve teaching. Even the federal law, the No Child Left Behind Act, has mandated high quality teaching in the nation's public schools. But the question still remains "What makes an effective teacher, particularly of African-American males in an urban environment?" African-American males in…

Hamlet, Conrad E.

2012-01-01

32

Factors Affecting Satisfaction and Retention of African American and European American Teachers in an Urban School District: Implications for Building and Maintaining Teachers Employed in School Districts across the Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An urban school district developed strategies for recruiting and retaining minority teachers. Examination of data on teachers hired over a 3-year period found the retention rate for African American teachers was slightly higher than that of European American teachers. Teachers with at least 3 years' experience in the district were surveyed as to…

Kearney, Janet E.

2008-01-01

33

African American Male Elementary Teachers' Perceptions on Factors That Influence Their Retention and Attrition: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe and explore American male elementary teachers' perceptions on factors that contribute to decisions to remain in or exit the teaching field, specifically elementary education. Ten African American male elementary teachers participated in the study. The theory from this study was the…

Walker, Lemanski Chante'

2012-01-01

34

Rethinking "Turner v. Keefe": The Parallel Mobilization of African-American and White Teachers in Tampa, Florida, 1936-1946  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1941, members of the local unit of the Florida State Teachers Association (FSTA) met in Tampa to plan a lawsuit against Hillsborough County's school board for paying African-American teachers less than white teachers. Hilda Turner, who taught history and economics at Tampa's historically black high school, agreed to serve as plaintiff; she was…

Shircliffe, Barbara J.

2012-01-01

35

An Exploratory Study of Race and Religion in the Emotional Experience of African-American Female Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines the emotional experience of five African-American female teachers in the Pacific northwest. The existing\\u000a literature on emotion rules and teachers’ emotions is referenced and critiqued for its possible misrepresentation or marginalization\\u000a of teachers of color. Using interview data, the study found that race and religion shape the emotional response of teachers.\\u000a The teachers tended to reference race

Ken Winograd

36

Identifying New Sources of African American Male Pre-Service Teachers: Creating a Path from Student-Athlete to Student-Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative research study examined the experiences of one African American former college athlete and two athletic department academic advisors at a BCS Division University in the Southern Region of the United States, Given the catastrophic shortage of African American male K-12 teachers, the participants of this study were interviewed to…

Byrd, David A.; Butler, Bettie Ray; Lewis, Chance W.; Bonner, Fred A., II; Rutledge, Michael; Watson, Jesse J.

2011-01-01

37

Cancer and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Population Profiles > Black/African American > Cancer Cancer and African Americans African Americans have the highest mortality rate of ... 8MB] At a glance – Top Cancer Sites for African Americans (2006-2010) Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – ...

38

Cultural Self Meets Cultural Other in the African American Experience: Teachers' Responses to a Curriculum Content Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses certain complexities of personal transformation among people implementing African and African American curriculum content reform in the Buffalo (New York) public schools, highlighting individual teachers' understanding of and responses to the reform and noting that attitudes about their own and other people's ethnicity proved important…

Shujaa, Mwalimu J.

1995-01-01

39

Examination of factors which may contribute to the underrepresentation of African American teachers certified in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout this country the student population is becoming increasingly diverse, yet the teacher population does not reflect this diversity. This lack of diversity in the teacher population deprives students of color from having role models of the same race/ethnicity who look like them and who might have experiences which are similar to theirs (Epstein, 2005; Nettles & Perna, 1997). Having role models from their own race in the classroom could have a positive impact on students' attitudes about science (Perine, 2003), and facilitate their learning of the subject matter, and give students an incentive to do well in school (Vegas, Murnane, & Willett, 2001). In 2000, a national survey study of math and science teachers was conducted (Horizon Research, 2001). The majority of biology (90%), chemistry (93%), and physics (94%) teachers who participated in the study were White. Findings of the study revealed that only 55% to 60% of these teachers considered themselves well prepared to effectively teach a culturally diverse student population (Banilower, 2002; Smith, 2002; Wood, 2002). The majority of the teacher pool, which is White, prefer not to teach in urban communities as they have a preference for teaching jobs in the nonurban communities that are similar to those in which they were raised (Boyd, Lankford, Loeb, & Wyckoff, 2005; Epstein, 2005). The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine factors that may contribute to the underrepresentation of African American teachers certified in science. More specifically, it was decided to examine the high school experiences of in-service teachers. Study participants were teachers and other certificated faculty in two school districts located in the southern portion of the United States. Findings of the study revealed a statistically significant relationship between a teacher's decision to become certified in science and the following high school experiences: teachers and guidance counselors encouraging students to consider a career in science; having confidence in one's academic ability in science class; good student-teacher relationships; teachers and guidance counselors encouraging students to take higher level science courses; teachers having high expectations, overall, for all of their students. Upon examination of these experiences, it was revealed that: not being encouraged as much as other students to take higher level science courses; being discouraged from taking higher level science courses more than other students; the lack of availability of advance level science courses; and not taking at least three science courses create barriers to African American teachers becoming certified in science.

Davis, Rita C. F.

40

African American History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

February is African American History Month, and, as the Library of Congress site notes, it's an area of history that should be incorporated into all discussions about American history. The Library of Congress listened to its own advice and created this most useful site to help students, teachers, and others to do just that. Visitors can read about a number of notable African Americans, including historian Carter G. Woodson and Congressman Major Owens. By clicking on the "Exhibits & Collections" area visitors can look through some of the digital collections related to various aspects of African American history. Additionally, the site also has other sections that provide primary materials on African Americans in the performing arts as well as oral histories from the Veterans History Project.

41

Successful White Mathematics Teachers of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, a growing disparity exists between the racial composition of teachers and the students they teach. In 2006, 43.1% of K-12 public school students were reported as non-White--in 1990, 32.4% (U.S. Department of Education, 2008). Teachers, however, are predominantly White, 83.3% (U.S. Department of Education, 2007a). Exacerbating…

Bidwell, Carla R.

2010-01-01

42

High School Teachers and African American Parents: A (Not So) Collaborative Effort to Increase Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a case study about a group of African American parents that banded together in an effort to increase their own involvement, the involvement of other African American parents, and the success of African American students at one public high school. The various ways in which this group of parents sought to accomplish their goals, however, was…

Wallace, Matt

2013-01-01

43

Middle School Teachers‘ Reflective Responses to the Cultural Awareness and Beliefs Inventory about African American Learners in an Urban School District: A Qualitative Study  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the beliefs of teachers about their African American students. The Cultural Awareness and Beliefs Inventory (CABI) was used to measure the perceptions and attitudes of urban teachers‘ cultural...

Williams, Kamala Vychel

2012-02-14

44

A Case Study of the Historically Successful Roles of African American Teachers in Contemporary, Selected, Urban Charter Schools in New York  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine, to what degree, African American teachers in five selected, urban charter schools in New York performed the historical roles of counselor, advocate, disciplinarian, surrogate parent, and role model in, to determine how African American Teachers perceived the importance of performing the…

Benson, Shanelle R.

2010-01-01

45

African Americans and Smoking  

MedlinePLUS

... ENews Home > Stop Smoking > About Smoking > Facts & Figures African Americans Smoking among African Americans is a serious problem ... about the same amount. 2 Smoking Rates Among African Americans In 2008, about 5.6 million, or 21. ...

46

Diabetes in African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... and Titles : Diabetes in African Americans Diabetes in African Americans 4 Steps to Manage Your Diabetes for Life ... to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Tips to help African Americans at risk for type 2 diabetes move more ...

47

Obesity and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Population Profiles > Black/African American > Obesity Obesity and African Americans African American women have the highest rates of being overweight ... in the U.S. About four out of five African American women are overweight or obese. In 2011, African ...

48

Pursuing Racial Equity in Our Schools: Lessons Learned from African American Male Teachers in a Suburban School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a "Multicultural Teaching and Learning" course, racial equity is one of the many issues explored. When discussing racial equity in our schools, teacher education students in the course focus their attention on such issues as the achievement gap, referrals to special education of African American and Latino males, the racism of low expectations.…

Simmons, Robert W., III

2010-01-01

49

The Underrepresentation of African American Female Students in STEM Fields: Implications for Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American women are underrepresented in STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) fields (Catsambis, 1994). The socialization and "under-education" of African American female students engenders ideas of inferiority, while the presence of an inferior race, sex and class, in one body, may produce an ideology of mediocrity. Data…

Farinde, Abiola A.; Lewis, Chance W.

2012-01-01

50

African-American Teachers' Knowledge of Teaching: Understanding the Influence of Their Remembered Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many researchers have emphasized the connection between teachers' thinking and their autobiography, noting that much of teachers' knowledge of teaching has been derived from their life experiences. Since teachers have spent many years watching teachers teach, those experiences become part of the process of learning to teach. This article examines the role of former or remembered teachers in the shaping

Grace C. Stanford

1998-01-01

51

Depression and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... depressive illness. According to a Surgeon General report, African Americans are over-represented in populations that are particularly ... not a normal part of life for any African American, regardless of age or life situation. Unfortunately, depression ...

52

Mental Health: African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

African American communities across the United States are more culturally diverse now that any other time in history ... Caribbean, Central America and other countries. To ensure African American communities have access to adequate and affordable care, ...

53

Middle class African American mothers' perceptions of White teachers' interactions with their African American children in predominately White suburban junior high schools  

E-print Network

that they deserved better treatment. I wondered what was really going on in the educational system regarding race and covert and overt discrimination. At that moment, it was confirmed in my heart that the voice of the middleclass African American parent with children... down by the Brown v. Board of Education decision (Cozzens, 1998). During the separate but equal era, some would argue that segregated African American schools were not a total failure. Chapman (2005) contends, ?there were quality segregated African...

Williams, Twyla Jeanette

2009-05-15

54

Organ Donation and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... American > Organ and Tissue Donation Organ Donation and African Americans African Americans make up the largest group of minorities in need of an organ transplant. In 2011, African Americans made up 14 percent of the national population. ...

55

Sneaking out of the Big House? Perceptions of African American Mentees in a Graduate-Level Teacher Education Program on a White Campus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights the voices of in-service African American teachers who are matriculating in a graduate program by exploring their perceptions of mentorship. The authors explore the dual-identity and instructional challenges of these teachers of color in a predominately "White" professional development program that seeks to mentor students…

View, Jenice L.; Frederick, Rona

2011-01-01

56

Constructing Authority across Racial Difference: A White Teacher Signifyin(g) with African American Students in a High School English Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This in-depth case study of classroom interaction illuminated how a white female teacher and African American students used talk to build positive authority relationships across their racial difference. Racial difference in classrooms can engender cultural misunderstandings between teachers and students around behavior, communication, and learning…

Ford, Amy Carpenter

2010-01-01

57

Promoting Academic Achievement: The Role of Racial Identity in Buffering Perceptions of Teacher Discrimination on Academic Achievement among African American and Caribbean Black Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined the moderating effects of different dimensions racial identity (i.e., racial centrality and public regard) on perceptions of teacher discrimination and academic achievement among a nationally represented sample of African American and Caribbean Black adolescents. The findings revealed that perceived teacher

Thomas, Oseela N.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Faison, Nkesha; Jackson, James S.

2009-01-01

58

Hepatitis and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... but remains an area of concern for the African American population. In 2010, non-Hispanic Blacks were 1.5 times as likely to die ... Hispanic Whites. Among all ethnic groups in 2011, African Americans had the highest rate of Hepatitis B. African ...

59

A Vision to Serve: The Experiences of Five African American Urban Teacher Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

History denotes a small number of African-Americans have held leadership roles in educational public and private school systems across the country. However, during the last decade black women have pioneered and forged new frontiers as educational as leaders within urban schools. Because of these contributions, more should be known regarding the…

Watson, Allyson

2007-01-01

60

Factors Influencing the Career Choices of African American Collegians: Implications for Minority Teacher Recruitment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated factors influencing African American college students' career choices and the attractiveness of teaching as a career. Surveys of education and non-education majors indicated that non-education majors considered salary, job security, and advancement significantly more important in their career choices than did education majors. Both…

Shipp, Veronica H.

1999-01-01

61

Factors Influencing Elementary Teachers' Positioning of African American Girls as Science and Mathematics Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite recent progress toward gender equity in science and mathematics education, the underachievement of low-income African American girls remains a challenge when compared with their white counterparts. Furthermore, the causes of this persistent underachievement have not been explored thoroughly. We have initiated a three-year longitudinal…

Pringle, Rose M.; Brkich, Katie Milton; Adams, Thomasenia Lott; West-Olatunii, Cirecie; Archer-Banks, Diane A.

2012-01-01

62

An Analysis of Teacher Perceptions of African American Boys' Educational Status in a Rural School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American boys are the lowest achieving academic group in public schools. Current research has delved into why this occurs and into implications for African American boys and communities. However, current research has focused on this in urban populations and has not looked at length at the status of African American boys in rural…

Bruton, Chantrell Anita

2012-01-01

63

Osteoporosis and African American Women  

MedlinePLUS

... your browser. Home Osteoporosis Multicultural Communities Osteoporosis and African American Women Publication available in: PDF (154 KB) Related ... for Lupus Patients Bone Health and Anorexia Nervosa African Americans Healthy Bones for African Americans Partner Resources Screening ...

64

African Americans and Kidney Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... Kidney Quiz Rate Your Risk Quiz Featured Story African Americans & Kidney Disease Did you know that African Americans ... NKF Newsroom Contact Us You are here Home » African Americans and Kidney Disease Due to high rates of ...

65

Heart Disease and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

Heart Disease and African Americans Although African American adults are 40 percent more likely to have high blood ... were 30 percent more likely to die from heart disease, as compared to non-Hispanic Whites. African American ...

66

Asthma and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

In 2012, almost 2.8 million non-Hispanic Blacks reported that they currently have asthma. African Americans were 20 percent more likely to have asthma than non-Hispanic whites, in 2012. In 2013, African Americans were three times more likely to die from ...

67

16 Extraordinary African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection for children tells the stories of 16 African Americans who helped make America what it is today. African Americans can take pride in the heritage of these contributors to society. Biographies are given for the following: (1) Sojourner Truth, preacher and abolitionist; (2) Frederick Douglass, abolitionist; (3) Harriet Tubman, leader…

Lobb, Nancy

68

Colorectal Cancer in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colorectal cancer in African Americans has an increased incidence and mortality relative to Whites. The mean age of CRC development in African Americans is younger than that of Whites. There is also evidence for a more proximal colonic distribution of cancers and adenomas in African Americans.African Americans are less likely to have undergone diagnostic testing and screening for colorectal cancer.

Sangeeta Agrawal; Anand Bhupinderjit; Manoop S. Bhutani; Lisa Boardman; Cuong Nguyen; Yvonne Romero; Radhika Srinvasan; Colmar Figueroa-Moseley

2005-01-01

69

African American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mississippi State University African American History Archive is a great place to start for pointers to African American history sites, as well as an excellent repository of African American history primary documents. The sites include Adonis Productions' Black Pioneers page (with pages on African American pioneers in all fields), Great Day In Harlem (jazz), Mississippi State's AfriGeneas genealogy mailing list and Web site, Small Towns-Black Lives in New Jersey, African American pioneers in Kentucky law, and the International Museum of the Horse's Buffalo Soldier pages. Full text documents include Dr. Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech, Booker T. Washington's "Up From Slavery", Frederick Douglass' "Autobiography" and "My Escape from Slavery", and Henry David Thoreau's "A Plea for Captain John Brown" and "Slavery in Massachussetts", among others. The site also contains African American bibliographies in the arts, education, history, and science, as well as pointers to other African American sites. http://www.msstate.edu/Archives/History/USA/Afro-Amer/afro.html

1997-01-01

70

Developing a Multicultural Curriculum in a Predominantly White Teaching Context: Lessons From an African American Teacher in a Suburban English Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author sought to understand an African American English teacher's multicultural curriculum transformation and teaching in a suburban, mostly White, high school. Building on Banks's (1998) model of multicultural curriculum integration, the study focused on a context that might otherwise be ignored because there was not a large student-of-color…

Milner, H. Richard

2005-01-01

71

Teacher and parent perceptions of behavior problems among a sample of African American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white studients  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multiracial\\/multiethnic sample of middle school adolescents and their teachers was used to assess whether teacher ratings\\u000a of student behavior problems varied according to teacher-student racial\\/ethnic differences and students' perception of teachers'\\u000a attitudes toward them. No significant mean score differences were found for Hispanic or non-Hispanic white students according\\u000a to the race\\/ethnicity of the teachers doing the ratings. However, African

Rick S. Zimmerman; Elizabeth L. Khoury; William A. Vega; Andres G. Gil; George J. Warheit

1995-01-01

72

JSTOR: African American Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

JSTOR has available this title in its collection of full-text, online journals. African American Review, the quarterly publication of the Division on Black American Literature and Culture of the Modern Language Association, is published by Indiana State University, and includes Volumes 1-33, 1967-1999. AAR continues Black American Literature Forum (1976-1991) and Negro American Literature Forum (1967-1976). Note: access to JSTOR content is currently available only on a site license basis to academic institutions.

73

Mental Health and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Mental Health Mental Health and African Americans Poverty level affects mental health ... compared to 120% of Non-Hispanic Whites. 1 MENTAL HEALTH STATUS Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years ...

74

African Americans and Multiple Sclerosis  

MedlinePLUS

... financial challenges n Find support when MS progresses African American Council The National MS Society mobilizes people and ... support this mission, the Society established the National African American Advisory Council — which advises on the best approaches ...

75

HIV among African American Youth  

MedlinePLUS

... Control and Prevention CDC FACT SHEET HIV among African American Youth African American youth continue to be one of the groups ... HIV infection in the United States. In fact, black youth represent more than half (57 percent) of ...

76

Infant Mortality and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

Infant Mortality and African Americans African Americans have 2.3 times the infant mortality rate as non- ... Hispanic White mothers in 2005. At a glance – Infant Mortality Rate Infant mortality rate per 1,000 ...

77

Breaking Outside the Walls: Teachers of Gifted and Talented African American Males in a Texas Urban Middle School  

E-print Network

members and students, should be concerned with the inequities which abound in the country‘s education system African American male cohorts are particularly vulnerable in the US population as they face a series of challenges that continue to threaten...

Henderson, Sowanda Nimmer

2013-08-07

78

African Americans and Glaucoma  

MedlinePLUS

... while a 65 year old sibling of an African American has nearly a 20% chance of having glaucoma. Clearly brothers and sisters of patients with glaucoma can benefit from regular eye examinations with special attention to careful screening for glaucoma. -- Thanks to Joanne ...

79

Chronic Liver Disease and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... American > Chronic Liver Disease Chronic Liver Disease and African Americans Among African Americans, chronic liver disease is a ... White women. At a glance – Cancer Rates for African Americans (2005-2009) Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – ...

80

"From where I Stand:" African American Teacher Candidates on Their Decision to Teach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple studies explore the issue of the absence of teachers of color in the profession at large. Few studies, however, address the issue from the angle of the teacher candidate of color. With so many competing professions, why do they ultimately make the decision to join the profession? What are the contexts that influence and support that…

Williams, Ereka R.; Graham, Anthony; McCary-Henderson, Stephen; Floyd, Loury

2009-01-01

81

Examination of Factors Which May Contribute to the Underrepresentation of African American Teachers Certified in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout this country the student population is becoming increasingly diverse, yet the teacher population does not reflect this diversity. This lack of diversity in the teacher population deprives students of color from having role models of the same race/ethnicity who look like them and who might have experiences which are similar to theirs…

Davis, Rita C. F.

2012-01-01

82

African American Teachers in Suburban Desegregated Schools: Intergroup Differences and the Impact of Performance Pressures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: There is much literature that examines how the desegregation literature had implications for majority teachers and its impact on students of color. However, little has been written about the experiences of teachers of color working in suburban desegregated majority schools. Focus of Study: This article examines how intergroup…

Mabokela, Reitumetse Obakeng; Madsen, Jean A.

2007-01-01

83

“From Where I Stand:” African American Teacher Candidates on Their Decision to Teach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple studies explore the issue of the absence of teachers of color in the profession at large. Few studies, however, address the issue from the angle of the teacher candidate of color. With so many competing professions, why do they ultimately make the decision to join the profession? What are the contexts that influence and support that choice? What are

Ereka R. Williams; Anthony Graham; Stephen McCary-Henderson; Loury Floyd

2009-01-01

84

A Qualitative Investigation of African American Males' Career Trajectory in Engineering: Implications for Teachers, School Counselors, and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the grounded theory approach, this research investigation, drawing on a larger study, examined the factors that were most instrumental in influencing African American males' decisions to pursue engineering as an academic major and career choice. Using open-ended biographical questionnaires, individual interviews, and focus groups, numerous…

Moore, James L., III

2006-01-01

85

Kidney Disease Risks among African-Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Partners Search This Site Kidney Disease Risks Among African-Americans African-Americans are more at risk for kidney ... Fund doing to help? More Information Why are African-Americans more at risk? Although we are not exactly ...

86

Designing Effective Library Services for African American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Obama signed the "White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for African Americans" on July 26, 2012. This executive order recognizes that many "African Americans lack equal access to highly effective teachers and principals, safe schools, and challenging college preparatory classes, and disproportionately experience…

Hughes-Hassell, Sandra

2013-01-01

87

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African American,…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

88

African-Americans and Alzheimer's  

MedlinePLUS

... A A A Share Plus on Google Plus African-Americans and Alzheimer's alz.org | IHaveAlz Introduction 10 Warning ... study today and help move research forward tomorrow. African-Americans are at a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease. ...

89

Elder Abuse among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions of extreme, moderate, and mild forms of elder abuse among African-American women (n=25) and men (n=10) were examined. African-American respondents emphasized physical abuse when giving examples of extremely abusive behavior. Along with physical abuse, verbal abuse was the most frequently identified form of abuse, and was significantly…

Tauriac, Jesse J.; Scruggs, Natoschia

2006-01-01

90

A Teacher's Guide to African Narratives. Studies in African Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help secondary school teachers include African literature in their classes. It furnishes English and social studies teachers with a foundation for teaching African literature by offering critical commentary on the texts themselves. A synthesis of anthropological and historical material is presented to help both teachers

O'Brien, Sara Talis

91

Missing Voices: African American School Psychologists' Perspectives on Increasing Professional Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the mid 1960s, there has been a noticeable decrease in the percentage of African American educators. Although a sizeable literature is dedicated to understanding how to recruit African American teachers, fewer studies focus on recruiting and retaining African American school psychologists. Therefore, this exploratory qualitative study…

Proctor, Sherrie L.; Truscott, Stephen D.

2013-01-01

92

"The Brown Face of Hope": Reading Engagement and African American Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American children's literature has a potentially powerful role to play in increasing reading engagement for African American boys. Unfortunately, this body of literature is not always used effectively in schools. Many teachers use African American books as an add-on to pre-exisiting curriculum rather than fully exploring the topics,…

Meier, Terry

2015-01-01

93

AFRICAN AMERICANAFRICAN AMERICANAFRICAN AMERICAN STUDIESSTUDIESSTUDIES  

E-print Network

Course (select one)** AMST 206: The Politics and Culture of the 1960s PSYC 462: Minority Mental Health, this museum allows students the chance to research and observe the history, art, and culture of African, concepts, and issues. AMST 285: African American Popular Culture -- Examines history of popular cultural

Krylov, Anna I.

94

Instructional Strategies Perceived by Elementary School Principals and Fourth-Grade Teachers that Substantially Support the Development of Standard English Language Skills and Reading Proficiency in African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine which instructional strategies elementary school principals and fourth-grade teachers perceive substantially support the development of Standard English language skills and reading proficiency in African American students. Methodology: The study used a descriptive case study. The findings were…

Johnston, Kenneth

2011-01-01

95

Elder Abuse Among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perceptions of extreme, moderate, and mild forms of elder abuse among African-American women (n = 25) and men (n = 10) were examined. African-American respondents emphasized physical abuse when giving examples of extremely abusive behavior. Along with physical abuse, verbal abuse was the most frequently identified form of abuse, and was significantly related to age in complex ways: the older the respondents, the more

Jesse J. Tauriac; Natoschia Scruggs

2006-01-01

96

Perceptions of Five Middle School Science Teachers: A Suburban Success Story on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills Achievement for Eighth Grade African American Students  

E-print Network

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine a problem of practice present in an actual school district. The study examined the achievement gap that existed between African American and European American students in eighth grade science...

Henry, Cheryl Turner

2012-07-16

97

Characterizing the learning styles and testing the science-related attitudes of African American middle school students: Implications for the underrepresentation of African Americans in the sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and women are underrepresented among the population of scientists and science teachers in the United States. Specifically, the shortage of African Americans teaching math and science at all levels of the educational process and going into the many science-related fields is manifested throughout the entire educational and career structure of our society. This shortage exists

Donald Ray Perine

2003-01-01

98

Vitamin D and African Americans  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Vitamin D insufficiency is more prevalent among African Americans than other Americans and, in North America, most young, healthy blacks do not achieve optimal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations at any time of the year. This is primarily due to the fact that pigmentation reduces vitamin D...

99

African American High School Students and Variability in Behavior across Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many African American adolescents who enter high school with low achievement are at-risk for being perceived as defiant and uncooperative by their classroom teachers. This generalized view of risk, however, offers little understanding of the differentiated behavior these students have with their teachers. The study followed 35 African American

Gregory, Anne; Thompson, Aisha R.

2010-01-01

100

African American Males. A Critical Link in the African American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans are experiencing extreme stress in the United States, and African-American males appear to suffer the most. The chapters in this volume examine some of the issues confronting African-American men today. They include: (1) "Introduction" (Dionne J. Jones); (2) "Reaffirming Young African American Males: Mentoring and Community…

Jones, Dionne J., Ed.

101

http://www.sil.si.edu/SILpublications/AfricanAmericanIndiansBibliography.pdf1 AFRICAN AMERICAN INDIANS  

E-print Network

http://www.sil.si.edu/SILpublications/AfricanAmericanIndiansBibliography.pdf1 AFRICAN AMERICAN." International Review of African American Art. 17, no. 1 (2000): 2-40. #12;http://www.sil.si.edu/SILpublications/AfricanAmericanIndiansBibliography.pdf to the `Rice Coast'." West Africa 22-28 January 1990, 97. Parry, Ellwood. The Image of the Indian and the Black

Mathis, Wayne N.

102

Technical Consulting: The African-American Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The qualitative research study explored the organizational characteristics necessary in addressing the low concentration of African American technical consultants employed in the information technology industry. Using research participants' professional experience, participants responded to a developed questionnaire. African American technical…

Whitfield, Tracy N.

2010-01-01

103

Beyond Parenting Practices: Extended Kinship Support and the Academic Adjustment of African-American and European-American Teens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined adolescents' perceptions of parenting practices and extended kinship support in relation to academic adjustment for 104 African American and 60 European American 9th and 10th graders (14 and 15 year olds). For African-American teens, parental acceptance was associated with school values, teacher bonding, and work orientation.…

Pallock, Linda L.; Lamborn, Susie D.

2006-01-01

104

Freedom Road: Adult Education of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains six chapters by various authors about the history of African Americans' contributions and participation in adult education. The book reports on how some African American leaders saw the connection between education and the eventual freedom or uplift of the African American people. Following a foreword (Phyllis M. Cunningham) and…

Peterson, Elizabeth A., Ed.

105

HIV/AIDS among African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... HIV A-Z Topics Share Compartir HIV Among African Americans Fast Facts African Americans are the racial/ethnic group most affected by HIV. The rate of new HIV infection in African Americans is 8 times that of whites based on ...

106

African-Americans and Heart Disease, Stroke  

MedlinePLUS

African-Americans and Heart Disease, Stroke Updated:Sep 30,2014 Heart disease is theNo. 1 killer for all ... of getting those diseases are even higher for African-Americans. The good news is, African-Americans can improve ...

107

Health Conditions Common in African American Women  

MedlinePLUS

... Submit Home > Minority Women's Health > African-Americans Minority Women's Health African-Americans Health conditions common in African-American ... federal government website managed by the Office on Women’s Health in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for ...

108

Engaging African Americans in Smoking Cessation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans are disproportionately exposed to and targeted by prosmoking advertisements, particularly menthol cigarette ads. Though African Americans begin smoking later than whites, they are less likely to quit smoking than whites. Purpose: This study was designed to explore African American smoking cessation attitudes,…

Wallen, Jacqueline; Randolph, Suzanne; Carter-Pokras, Olivia; Feldman, Robert; Kanamori-Nishimura, Mariano

2014-01-01

109

The Education of African-Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 17 papers in this volume are products of a study group on the education of African Americans that was part of a national project, "The Assessment of the Status of African-Americans." The volume takes a comprehensive look at the education of African Americans, specifically early childhood through postsecondary education, and relevant public…

Willie, Charles V., Ed.; And Others

110

A case study of the voices of African American teachers in two Texas communities before and after desegregation, 1954 to 1975  

E-print Network

This qualitative study explored the experiences of African American educators who worked in two communities in Texas during the years 1954 to 1975. The goal was to document the educators’ perceptions of teaching in segregated schools...

Standish, Hilary A.

2009-05-15

111

African-American Studies 46. . . . . . . . . . . American Studies 48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  

E-print Network

African-American Studies 46. . . . . . . . . . . American Studies 48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . History 182. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . History of Science 202. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Women's and Gender Studies 310. . . . . . . Critical Reasoning and Analytical Skills (CRAAS) Courses 316

Aalberts, Daniel P.

112

Alzheimer's Disease and African Americans  

E-print Network

to encourage active, long- term participation of African Americans in memory and aging studies. Volunteers from work or social activities 10.Changes in mood and personality Copyright © 2009 Alzheimer's Association® All Rights Reserved #12;And, exercise your brain! Challenge yourself with new activities

113

African American Men in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a much-needed resource that includes examples of real-world programs and activities to enhance academic success in the college environment for African American men. The examples are collected from a variety of institutions across the country. With contributions from leading practitioners and scholars in the field, this book explores…

Cuyjet, Michael J., Ed.

2006-01-01

114

The African-American Church  

Microsoft Academic Search

The African-American church in America has stood between individuals and the larger society for blacks for over two hundred years. In so doing it has been a source of empowerment and mutual assistance and a center for considerable social change. An historical review of the church's development from its early form as an invisible institution during slavery to its present

Thorn Moore

1991-01-01

115

African-American Children's Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of representative stories told by black American children of West African descent in South Carolina shows that specific cultural motifs have been preserved in the oral tradition of black communities. Typical stories are tales of the supernatural, such as the Hag story about mortals who shed their skin at night to do evil deeds.…

Nichols, Patricia C.

116

Wellness among African American Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there are various definitions of wellness, few conceptual definitions have addressed the contextual dimensions of wellness relative to African American counselors. The authors present an overview of generic models of wellness, discuss factors that both inhibit and promote wellness, offer some culture-specific models of wellness, and…

Day-Vines, Norma L.; Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl

2007-01-01

117

Classic African American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to assert that there are classic African American children's books and to identify a sampling of them. The author presents multiple definitions of the term classic based on the responses of children's literature experts and relevant scholarship. Next, the manner in which data were collected and analyzed in regard to…

McNair, Jonda C.

2010-01-01

118

Mapping the African American Past  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mapping the African American Past (MAAP) project, produced by a team of researchers and specialists at Columbia University, offers a marriage of African American history and geography in New York City. The project was funded by JPMorganChase, and it allows users to navigate through sites of importance to the African American community throughout the city's past. New visitors may wish to start by watching the short film, "Introduction to MAAP", and then move on over to the "Place in Focus" feature. Here they can learn about places like Five Points, the Abyssinian Baptist Church, and the home of David Ruggles. They can also use an interactive map to toggle through places associated with certain time periods, such as the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. Additionally, the site also contains lesson plans that address topics that include African American community and culture and "Building New York". The site is rounded out by a series of podcasts which cover all 52 locations featured on the MAAP website.

119

Urban Special Education Teachers' Perception of African American Students as Measured by the Cultural Awareness Beliefs Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, this study examined the relationship between the perceptions of special education teachers and the eight factors (Teacher Beliefs, School climate, Culturally responsive Classroom Management, Home and Community Support, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum and Instruction, Cultural Sensitivity and Teacher

Jackson, Dianna Dale

2010-01-01

120

Conceptual Change and Science Achievement Related to a Lesson Sequence on Acids and Bases Among African American Alternative High School Students: A Teacher's Practical Arguments and the Voice of the "Other"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of teaching and learning during the period of translating ideals of reform into classroom practice enables us to understand student-teacher-researcher symbiotic learning. In line with this assumption, the purpose of this study is threefold:(1) observe effects of the Common Knowledge Construction Model (CKCM), a conceptual change inquiry model of teaching and learning, on African American students' conceptual change and achievement; (2) observe the shift in teacher's practical arguments; and (3) narrate the voice of "the Other" about teacher professional learning. This study uses retrospective data from a mixed-method approach consisting of Phenomenography, practical arguments and story-telling. Data sources include audio-recordings of a chemistry teacher's individual interviews of her students' prior- and post-intervention conceptions of acids and bases; results of Acid-Base Achievement Test (ABA-T); video-recordings of a chemistry teacher's enactment of CKCM acid-base lesson sequence; audio-recordings of teacher-researcher reflective discourse using classroom video-clips; teacher interviews; and teacher and researcher personal reflective journals. Students' conceptual changes reflect change in the number of categories of description; shift in language use from everyday talk to chemical talk; and development of a hierarchy of chemical knowledge. ABA-T results indicated 17 students in the experimental group achieved significantly higher scores than 22 students in the control group taught by traditional teaching methods. The teacher-researcher reflective discourse about enactment of the CKCM acid-base lesson sequence reveals three major shifts in teacher practical arguments: teacher inadequate preparedness to adequate preparedness; lack of confidence to gain in confidence; and surface learning to deep learning. The developing story uncovers several aspects about teaching and learning of African American students: teacher caring for the uncared; cultivating student and teacher confidence; converting dependence on teacher and self to peer interdependence. The study outlines six implications: caring conceptual change inquiry model for the often unreached mind; developing simple chemical talk into coherent chemical explanation; using CKCM for alternative high school students' conceptual change and achievement; engaging teachers in elicitation and appraisal of practical arguments for reconstruction of beliefs; overcoming challenges in teacher practical argument research; and "storytelling" as a way of unpacking teacher transformation amidst complexities of classroom teaching and learning.

Wood, Lynda Charese

121

Some African American Males' Perspectives on the Black Woman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents views of Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Malcolm X, and James Hal Cone (African-American male leaders) toward African-American women in the United States. Discusses the role of African-American men in addressing and eradicating sexism in African-American churches and the African-American community. (SLD)

Burrow, Rufus, Jr.

1992-01-01

122

African American Alumni Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Digital Collections has tackled everything from Golda Meir to historic street maps in its quest to offer a diverse and wonderful view of the city's rich history. This particular collection brings together a clutch of oral histories that celebrate the African American experience at the institution. Visitors can look over a panel discussion with a range of recent alums titled, "African American Alumni and Students: Stories of Education and Success." Moving on, visitors can hear Clayborn Benson talk about his long career as a photojournalist or watch and listen to G. Spencer Coggs, who has been a prominent member of the Democratic Political Party in Wisconsin for many years. This is quite a trove of first-hand memories and a great tribute to the cityâ??s oral traditions.

123

Undervaccinated African-American preschoolers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To identify factors associated with undervaccination of African-American preschoolers, to describe the number of vaccination visits made by undervaccinated children and the number of visits needed to be series complete, and to describe the children who did not receive the single dose of measles-containing vaccine recommended for preschoolers.Methods: We used the 1999 National Immunization Survey (NIS) to describe vaccination

Danni Daniels; Ruth B Jiles; R. Monina Klevens; Guillermo A Herrera

2001-01-01

124

The African-American house as a vehicle of discovery for an African-American architecture  

E-print Network

The purpose of this research is three-fold: (1) This thesis seeks to uncover evidence of a distinctly African-American architectural form. The primary building type observed will be the house, or the housing of African-Americans ...

Clarke, Charles E. (Charles Edward)

1996-01-01

125

Elementary Special Education Teachers' Cultural Awareness and Beliefs In One Urban School District Regarding African American Learners  

E-print Network

, including; language, culture, religion and socioeconomic statuses that may differ from those of their teachers. More specifically, this study examined the perceptions of special education teachers in an urban school district regarding their own cultural... of cultural 10 differences and of students with disabilities will enhance instruction for students with language, cultural, religious, and/or socioeconomic statuses that differ from those of the teachers, and assist them in providing equitable conditions...

Willis, Janet

2012-02-14

126

Critical Readings: African American Girls and Urban Fiction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this writing is to introduce the reader to the urban fiction genre, explore why adolescent African American girls may be engaging with novels from the genre, and how teachers may be able to use texts from the genre to increase literacy skills.

Gibson, Simone

2010-01-01

127

Pedagogies of Protest: African American Teachers and the History of the Civil Rights Movement, 1940-1963  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Although the dominant narrative of the civil rights movement marginalizes the role of black educators, revisionist scholars have shown that a significant number of black teachers encouraged student protest and activism. There has, however, been little analysis of the work of black teachers inside segregated schools in the…

Baker, Scott

2011-01-01

128

African Americans and Pancreatic Cancer: Things to Know  

MedlinePLUS

AFRICAN AMERICANS AND PANCREATIC CANCER: THINGS TO KNOW By the National Cancer Institute BETHESDA, MD ? When NFL Hall ... on a disease that, although rare, disproportionately affects African Americans. Pancreatic cancer is diagnosed in African Americans more ...

129

African-American Voices in Young Adult Literature: Tradition, Transition, Transformation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of 14 original essays. The purpose of the book is to inform teachers, librarians, and other professionals working with young people about aspects of African-American literature and to stimulate further thinking about this literature. After an introduction, chapters in the book are: (1) "African-American Young Adult…

Smith, Karen Patricia, Ed.

130

A Critical Hermeneutic Study: Third Grade Elementary African American Students' Views of the Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nature of Science is one of the most fundamental aspects of understanding science. How different cultures, races and ethnicities see and interpret science differently is critical. However, the NOS views specific to African American teachers and learners have gone largely unresearched. The views of a purposeful sample of African American third…

Walls, Leon

2009-01-01

131

Effects of Schools Attuned on Special Education Referrals for African American Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the number of special education referrals for African American boys before and after the implementation of the training program, "Schools Attuned". The purpose of the research was to ascertain if the number of special education referrals for African American boys generated in schools with teachers trained in "Schools Attuned"…

Rodriguez, Andrea B.

2010-01-01

132

American Biology Teacher  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by a group of passionate educators, the American Biology Teacher is a professional journal for K-16 biology teachers. The journal covers a wide range of topics, and is focused on providing biology teaching strategies for both the classroom and the laboratory as well as field activities and reviews of new educational books, online sites, and applications. Visitors to the site can review articles selected by the editors each month at no charge, while the rest of each journal requires a paid membership. All told, there are over fifty free articles here dating back to 2006. Some of the more recent offerings include "Minnows as a Classroom Model for Human Environmental Health" and "A Socratic Method for Surveying Students' Readiness to Study Evolution." Visitors can also use social media options to keep track of new additions or to share articles with others.

133

Examining the Perceptions of Urban African American Elementary Teachers: The Implementation of Culturally Responsive Materials Into the Classroom  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between urban teachers’ perceptions and their implementation of culturally responsive materials into the classroom. Specifically, this study examined the influences of age, years of teaching...

Hicks, Johnetta

2012-02-14

134

AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS African-American Career World, http://www.eop.com/mags-AACW.php, is the  

E-print Network

AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS African-American Career World, http Collegian Online, http://www.blackcollegian.com/ Career and job search site for African-American college students Black Equal Opportunity Employment Journal, http

Arnold, Jonathan

135

Powerful Pedagogies: Evaluating Effective Culturally Relevant English Instruction for High Achieving African American Males in Advanced Placement English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping teachers to effectively use culturally relevant instructional practices can help the educational community close the literacy gap for African American males. This study examines effective secondary English teachers and their high achieving African American male students. Using critical race and sociocultural theories as a conceptual…

Johnson, Stanley Louis, Jr.

2011-01-01

136

Are Teachers' Expectations Different for Racial Minority Than for European American Students? A Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four quantitative meta-analyses examined whether teachers' expectations, referrals, positive and neutral speech, and negative speech differed toward ethnic minority students (i.e., African American, Asian American, and Latino\\/a) as compared with European American students. Teachers were found to hold the highest expectations for Asian American students (d = ?.17). In addition, teachers held more positive expectations for European American students than

Harriet R. Tenenbaum; Martin D. Ruck

2007-01-01

137

Using Familialism within the Schools To Increase Attendance and Academic Performance of African American Urban High School Freshmen: Evaluating the Student-Teacher-Parent Support Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary objective of this paper is to present the outcome of an evaluation of the effect of the implementation of a learning community on the academic performance and academic involvement (attendance) of 50 urban African American freshmen who had been identified as at highest risk for academic failure. The learning community, the…

Steward, Robbie J.; Hill, Martin

138

HYPERTENSION TELEMANAGEMENT IN AFRICAN AMERICANS  

PubMed Central

Background We propose evaluation of a multi-component home automated telemanagement (HAT) system providing integrated support to both clinicians and patients in implementing hypertension treatment guidelines. Methods In a randomized clinical study 550 African Americans with hypertension are followed for 18 months. The major components of the intervention and control groups are identical and are based on the current standard of care. For the purpose of this study, we define “standard of care” as the expected evidence-based care provided according to the current hypertension treatment guidelines. While intervention and control groups are similar in terms of their care components, they differ in the mode of care delivery. For the control group the best attempt is made to deliver all components of a guideline-concordant care in a routine clinical environment whereas for the intervention group the routine clinical environment is enhanced with Health Information Technology (IT) that assists clinicians and patients in working together in implementing treatment guidelines. The HAT system guides patients in following their individualized treatment plans and helps care coordination team in monitoring the patient progress. The study design is aimed at addressing the main question of this trial: whether the addition of the IT-enhanced care coordination in the routine primary care setting can improve delivery of evidence-based hypertension care in African Americans. The outcome parameters include quality of life, medical care utilization, treatment compliance, psychosocial variables and improvement in blood pressure control rates. Conclusions The trial will provide insight on the potential impact of IT-enhanced care coordination in African Americans with poorly controlled hypertension. PMID:20031848

Finkelstein, Joseph; Cha, Eunme

2009-01-01

139

National African American Photographic Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This glorious collection is a collaborative effort between the University Libraries, University of Memphis and Ampro Industries, Inc. of Memphis. The project's goal is "to collect, scan, and make available to the public photographs and informative metadata illustrating the daily and work lives and social activities of African Americans." Currently the project has over 450 items that are searchable by name or available for browsing. First-time visitors may want to start by looking at the Robert R. Church Family of Memphis slideshow. This visual vignette features studio portraits of the Church family and images taken in a variety of settings. [KMG

140

African Americans and the Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly outlines the ways race and technology shaped: (1) the early enslavement of African Americans; (2) the work of bondsmen and women during the antebellum era; and (3) the increasing urbanization of the African American population during the industrial age. (CMK)

Trotter, Joe William, Jr.

2000-01-01

141

Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

2009-01-01

142

African American Women in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American women hold a unique position as members of two groups that have been treated in a peripheral manner by postsecondary education (Moses, 1989). Membership in both marginalized groups often makes African American women invisible in colleges and universities. Given the complex intersection of race and gender, more attention should be…

Zamani, Eboni M.

2003-01-01

143

African American Muslim Women: An Invisible Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is written about Islam and African American women or men from a psychosocial perspective. Most of the literature is on the historical and political development of the Nation of Islam, and the differences among the male leaders. This focus obscures the fact that the majority of African Americans Muslims belong to traditional Islamic groups. Drawing upon a variety of

Karen Fraser Wyche

2004-01-01

144

African Americans Should Oppose Racial Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It's not clear how supportive African Americans are of racial preferences. Supporters of preferences like to use the term "affirmative action," which is supported by most African Americans, but it is not the same thing. The old forms of affirmative action--positive, proactive measures to end discrimination, and aggressive outreach and recruiting…

Clegg, Roger

2004-01-01

145

Reading Comprehension among African American Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to examine the reading comprehension performance of African American graduate students. The result showed that though the African American sample attained statistically significantly higher levels of reading comprehension than a normative sample of undergraduate students, they achieved lower levels of reading comprehension…

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Mayes, Eric; Arthur, Leslie; Johnson, Joseph; Robinson, Veronica; Ashe, Shante; Elbedour, Salman; Collins, Kathleen M. T.

2004-01-01

146

Improving African American Achievement in Geometry Honors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study evaluated the significance of implementing an enrichment mathematics course during the summer to rising African American ninth graders entitled, "Geometry Honors Preview." In the past, 60 to 70 percent of African American students in this school district had withdrawn from Geometry Honors by the second academic quarter. This study…

Mims, Adrian B.

2010-01-01

147

African Americans in the Early Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses five topics on African Americans that are essential to studying United States History in the years between 1760 and 1830: (1) African Americans in the Revolutionary War ; (2) the rise of free black communities; (3) early abolitionism; (4) the spread of slavery; and (5) black resistance to slavery. (CMK)

Nash, Gary B.

2000-01-01

148

A Mirror Image African American Student Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation is a narrative inquiry research project that focuses on the collegiate experiences of African American students at both historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) and predominantly white institutions (PWIs). I look at how African American college students who engage in race or culturally specific activities, the degree…

Cannon Dawson, Candice

2012-01-01

149

Hidden Education among African Americans during Slavery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Historical studies examine aspects of African American education in and out of school in detail (Woodson 1915, 1933, Bullock 1970, Anderson 1988, Morris 1982, Rachal 1986, Rose 1964, Webber 1978, Williams 2005). Scholars of African American literacy have noted ways that education intersects other arenas such as religion and…

Gundaker, Grey

2007-01-01

150

African American Oral History Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Telling the story of Louisville's African American community is an ambitious goal and the University of Louisville's Oral History Center has done a fine job with this website. The process began in the 1970s with funding from the Kentucky Oral History Commission, which supported the collection's first batch of interviews. A wide range of people was interviewed for the project, including politicians, doctors, musicians, and educators as well as "regular folks." Currently, there are 27 interviews, and visitors can browse through them to get a sense of the offerings. One particularly fascinating interviewee is Dr. Jesse Bell, a longtime physician in Louisville. The collection will intrigue historians, urbanologists, and others with a passion for the American experience.

2010-01-01

151

Grass Roots: African Origins of an American Art  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Organized by the Museum for African Art, New York, and presented online by the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art, Grass Roots is a history of 300 years of African basket making, brought by African people to the American South. The grasses that grow in the marshes along the Atlantic coast in the Southern United States, where African slaves were brought to work on rice plantations, were ideal for making coiled baskets, similar to the ones they'd made in Africa. The plantation system of rice growing required large numbers of several particular shapes of work baskets, including flat trays for winnowing, or removing chaff from the grain, and carrying baskets. The web resource includes an 86-page teachers' guide with activities for students from grades 3 - 12, and additional images of the baskets.

152

Help-Seeking Experiences and Attitudes among African American, Asian American, and European American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined African American, Asian American, and European American college students’ previous direct and indirect\\u000a experiences of seeking professional psychological services and related attitudes. Survey data were collected from 254 European\\u000a American, 182 African American and 82 Asian American college students. Results revealed that fewer African American and Asian\\u000a American college students had sought professional psychological services, knew someone

Akihiko Masuda; Page L. Anderson; Michael P. Twohig; Amanda B. Feinstein; Ying-Yi Chou; Johanna W. Wendell; Analia R. Stormo

2009-01-01

153

Traditional African Informal Instructional Paradigm in African and African-American Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates the use of African storytelling for informal teaching of African traditions and values in today's African-American community. The instruction is shown in content and context in three literary works: "An African Night's Entertainment,""The Passport of Mallam Ilia," and "The Secret of Gumbo Grove." (MMU)

Osa, Osayimwense

1997-01-01

154

"Our Family Business Was Education": Professional Socialization among Intergenerational African-American Teaching Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher socialization is primarily examined as an institutional-based phenomenon, with particular focus on individuals' PK-12 schooling experiences, teacher education programs, or workplace-based socialization. This study situates professional socialization experiences of African-American teachers within teaching families, examining how culturally…

Dingus, Jeannine E.

2008-01-01

155

Misconceptions of Depression in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Major depression is a very common disabling disorder. Although the relationship between race and depression is complex, depression affects all races, all ethnic and geographic locations as well as all age groups. The prevalence of depression in African Americans is controversial, due to the paucity of research. The deficit in the knowledge and skills in treating depression in African Americans have not been adequately addressed so far. Inadequate and insufficient data on African Americans contributes to the problems of under diagnoses, misdiagnosis, and under treatment of depression. This article will highlight the existing problem of depression in Afro American with a focus on diagnostic and treatment issues. PMID:24999332

Sohail, Zohaib; Bailey, Rahn Kennedy; Richie, William D.

2014-01-01

156

Characterizing the learning styles and testing the science-related attitudes of African American middle school students: Implications for the underrepresentation of African Americans in the sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and women are underrepresented among the population of scientists and science teachers in the United States. Specifically, the shortage of African Americans teaching math and science at all levels of the educational process and going into the many science-related fields is manifested throughout the entire educational and career structure of our society. This shortage exists when compared to the total population of African Americans in this country, the population of African American students, and to society's demand for more math and science teachers and professionals of all races. One suggestion to address this problem is to update curricular and instructional programs to accommodate the learning styles of African Americans from elementary to graduate school. There is little in the published literature to help us understand the learning styles of African American middle school students and how they compare to African American adults who pursue science careers. There is also little published data to help inform us about the relationship between learning styles of African American middle school students and their attitudes toward science. The author used a learning styles inventory instrument to identify the learning style preferences of the African American students and adults. The preferences identified describe how African American students and African American adult science professionals prefer to function, learn, concentrate, and perform in their educational and work activities in the areas of: (a) immediate environment, (b) emotionality, (c) sociological needs, and (d) physical needs. The learning style preferences for the students and adults were not significantly different in key areas of preference. A Test of Science-Related Attitudes (TOSRA) was used to measure seven distinct science-related attitudes of the middle school students. A comparison of the profile of the mean scores for the students in this study to a national norm, comprised of students of all races, showed no significant differences. The attitudes that African American middle school students have toward science are influenced by science professionals (role models), their parents, and their teachers. This correlates directly with the high preference for Parent Motivated and Teacher Motivated learning style preferences.

Perine, Donald Ray

157

Are You at Risk for Oral Cancer? (African American Men)  

MedlinePLUS

... See other items in the "Oral Cancer: What African American Men Need to Know" campaign Print Materials: Brochure: Are You at Risk for Oral Cancer? What African American Men Need to Know This brochure alerts African ...

158

Fatigue Severity among African Americans: Gender and Age Interactions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between fatigue, age, and gender among African Americans, Caucasians, and Latinos. Survey results found significant age and gender interactions among African Americans and Caucasians. African American women and older African American men had the highest fatigue rates. There was no significant difference in levels of…

Song, Sharon; Jason, Leonard A.; Taylor, Renee R.; Torres-Harding, Susan R.; Helgerson, Jena; Witter, Elizabeth

2002-01-01

159

Help-Seeking Experiences and Attitudes among African American, Asian American, and European American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined African American, Asian American, and European American college students' previous direct and indirect experiences of seeking professional psychological services and related attitudes. Survey data were collected from 254 European American, 182 African American and 82 Asian American college students. Results revealed that fewer…

Masuda, Akihiko; Anderson, Page L.; Twohig, Michael P.; Feinstein, Amanda B.; Chou, Ying-Yi; Wendell, Johanna W.; Stormo, Analia R.

2009-01-01

160

Recruitment Is Not Enough: Retaining African American Students in Gifted Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In public school systems all around the country, educators--teachers, counselors, and administrators--have made significant progress in identifying and recruiting diverse populations in gifted and enrichment programs. Despite the efforts, too many African American students and other students of color (e.g., Hispanic Americans and Native Americans)…

Moore, James L., III; Ford, Donna Y.; Milner, H. Richard

2005-01-01

161

Personal Characteristics and Professional Acts of Teaching of Six Effective Mathematics Teachers of African American Students in Urban Middle School Classrooms  

E-print Network

countries, there were notable African American mathematicians, Banneker, Fuller, and Carver, who played a crucial part in the development of the application of mathematics in a time when it was truly needed. Benjamin Banneker, who was an 18th century... mathematician, was revered by Thomas Jefferson and President George Washington. Banneker‘s contributions include the using 18 of mathematics to predict a solar eclipse on April 14, 1789. The application of mathematics is important to the United States due...

Skinner, Dametra Nicolette

2013-11-27

162

Science Enrichment for African-American Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The author administered a survey to African-American students enrolled in elective science classes in four public high schools in a Middle Atlantic state during the 1998-1999 school year. These students were surveyed because according to research literature, they were more likely to major in science in college (Farmer et al. 1995) and because of the disproportionately low number of African-American science majors in higher education compared to other populations. This survey identified some of the factors that contributed to their achievement and provided insight into what can help motivate African-American students to pursue careers in science.

Juanita Jo Matkins

2004-02-01

163

Barriers to employment of african american professionals in hospice: a qualitative study with african american social work students.  

PubMed

A major barrier to African American hospice utilization is the lack of African American hospice professionals. This qualitative study with 10 female African American social work students in a Midwestern university explored whether the participants were interested in hospice employment. Results provided information about reasons for the overall lack of diversity in hospice, reasons for the lack of African American staff in hospice, reasons for the lack of African American patients in hospice, and avenues toward knowledge about hospice by African American professionals. Barriers to African American employment included a lack of hospice content in social work education, differences between African American cultural and religious beliefs and hospice philosophy, and that the lack of African American hospice patients resulted in a lack of desire for employment in hospice. Strategies for recruiting and retaining African American hospice social workers are proposed. PMID:25115218

Munoz, Bridget; Garrett, Elizabeth; Reese, Dona; Roberts, Meaghan

2015-05-01

164

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans New Hanover Regional Medical Center Coastal Area Health Education Center University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of North Carolina at Wilmington Report given at the Program Steering Committee

165

Heart Healthy Home Cooking African American Style  

E-print Network

....................................................................... ............................................................ ............................................................... ........................................................................................... ................................................................................ ....................................................................................... ...................................................................................... .............................................................................. .......................................................... Good-for-You Cornbread ............................................................................. 4 ......................................................................... 36 #12;Introduction Good food is one of life's great joys. And good meals are a shared pleasure African American favorite recipes, prepared in a heart healthy way, lower in saturated fat, cholesterol

Bandettini, Peter A.

166

Heart Truth for African American Women  

MedlinePLUS

... need to take medication. THE HEART TRUTH® FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN: AN ACTION PLAN One good eating plan, ... Learn More.” High Blood Cholesterol. Nearly half of black women have a total cholesterol that’s too high. ...

167

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans Update for RTOG in Tampa Feb 2, 2007 Patrick D. Maguire, MD New Hanover Regional (NHRMC) Update for NHRMC Feb 2, 2007 I. Radiotherapy (RT) Clinical Trials II. Publications III. Partnership & Telesynergy IV. Patient

168

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans Update for RTOG in Miami Jan 20, 2006 Patrick D. Maguire, MD New Hanover Regional (NHRMC) Update for NHRMC January 20, 2006 I. Radiotherapy (RT) Clinical Trials II. Publications III. Partnership & Telesynergy IV. Patient

169

African American Women in Iowa Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital celebration of African American women in 20th century Iowa represents the collaborative efforts of the Iowa Women's Archives and the African American Historical Museum and Cultural Center of Iowa. On the site, visitors can learn about the experiences of African American women in Iowa through photographs, scrapbooks, pamphlets, oral histories, and newsletters. Visitors can perform detailed searches, or they can look at the documents through topical listings. The "Highlights" area is a true delight, as visitors can dip into items like a photograph of young women curtseying in the 1920s and the scrapbook of Althea Beatrice Moore Smith, who was an African American student at Iowa State University. The site also contains links to related collections and several archival guides for researchers seeking for more detailed scholarly resources.

170

AFRICAN-AMERICANS AND MIDDLE EAST BRIDGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

As descendants of enslaved Africans in America, African Americans are perhaps uniquely positioned to help improve America's relationship with Middle Eastern Muslims. Using the reconciliatory wisdom and leadership that derives from their particular history of racial struggle, they should be able to contribute to effective public approaches to the political, ecclesiastical, and pastoral challenges posed by contemporary U.S. Middle-East relations.

Frederick J. Streets

2008-01-01

171

Renal artery repair in African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This retrospective review examines the results of atherosclerotic renal artery (RA) repair in consecutive hypertensive African-Americans treated at our center and compares these results with Caucasians treated during the same period.Methods: From Jan. 1987 through Sep. 1996, a total of 485 patients underwent operative RA repair. Of these, 28 African-Americans and 370 Caucasians were managed for atherosclerotic renovascular disease.

Jonathan S. Deitch; Kimberley J. Hansen; Timothy E. Craven; John M. Flack; Richard G. Appel; Richard H. Dean

1997-01-01

172

Archives of African American Music and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Indiana University's Archives of African American Music and Culture (AAAMC) contains a searchable and browsable collection of bibliographic records of its over 2500 sound recordings and 200 video cassettes, as well as a searchable-only collection of bibliographic records of its photographic archive. It also contains information about its Undine Smith Moore Collection of Original Scores and Manuscripts of Black Composers. AAAMC's usage policy is on the home page, as well as selected links to other African American Internet resources.

Indiana University. Bloomington. Archives of African American Music and Culture.

1998-01-01

173

for african and african-american students at arizona state university  

E-print Network

for african and african-american students at arizona state university aresourceguide #12;Welcome and helped to forge the modern American west through significant efforts like those of the Buffalo Soldiers, organizations and businesses that support our local African and African-American communities. We look forward

174

Comparing Gifted and Nongifted African American and Euro-American Students on Cognitive and Academic Variables Using Local Norms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 47 gifted and nongifted African American and Euro-American elementary students were rated by their teachers on a multidimensional instrument developed to minimize language considerations and to rely on local norms (Universal Multiple Abilities Scales [UMAS; McCallum & Bracken, 2012a]). Results from two factorial MANOVAs revealed no…

Jordan, Kelli R.; Bain, Sherry K.; McCallum, R. Steve; Mee Bell, Sherry

2012-01-01

175

African American Pastors' Beliefs and Actions Regarding Childhood Incest in the African American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study sought to explore African American pastors' beliefs and actions regarding childhood incest in the African American community and their decisions to inform the proper authorities. This exploratory study was developed in order to draw both public and academic attention to the understudied phenomenon of childhood incest…

Wells, Tesia Denis

2012-01-01

176

Mayo's Older African American Normative Studies: Auditory Verbal Learning Test norms for African American Elders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) is frequently used in clinical practice to assess for memory dysfunction in the elderly. As part of the Mayo Older African Americans Normative Studies (MOAANS), we provide age and education adjusted normative data for the AVLT. The sample consists of 306 self-identified African Americans who are cognitively normal, community-dwelling and ranging in age from

Tanis J. Ferman; John A. Lucas; Robert J. Ivnik; Glenn E. Smith; Floyd B. Willis; Ronald C. Petersen; Neill R. Graff-Radford

2005-01-01

177

Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2009-01-01

178

The Effects of African American Women's Sexual Revictimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a study of African American women's sexual revictimization experiences in the context of historical and sociocultural factors. African American and White American women have been socialized differently about the history of race in America and stereotypes about who meets the societal-criteria's for rape victims today. In order to better understand the cumulative impact of African American women's

Gail Elizabeth Wyatt; Cindy M. Notgrass; Gwen Gordon

1995-01-01

179

Prevalence of Stuttering in African American Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this study, the authors sought to determine the prevalence of stuttering in African American (AA) 2- to 5-year-olds as compared with same-age European Americans (EAs). Method: A total of 3,164 children participated: 2,223 AAs and 941 EAs. Data were collected using a 3-pronged approach that included investigators' individual…

Proctor, Adele; Yairi, Ehud; Duff, Melissa C.; Zhang, Jie

2008-01-01

180

Code-Switching Pedagogies and African American Student Voices: Acceptance and Resistance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines a Detroit suburb experiencing an unexpected influx of working class African American students. Dilemmas engendered a cultural mismatch between teachers and students. In a controversial climate where students cross the boundary line in search for educational parity, this study examines a seventh-grade English teacher who enacts…

Hill, K. Dara

2009-01-01

181

Deconstructing Black History Month: Three African American Boys' Exploration of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every February, schools celebrate Black History Month and teachers teach the grand narrative of famous African Americans such as Martin Luther King, Jr. While the stories communicate bravery, they are also about racism and violence. Here, through narrative inquiry, a teacher deconstructs Black History Month, inviting student responses to stories…

Landa, Melissa Hare

2012-01-01

182

African American Students in Urban Schools: Critical Issues and Solutions for Achievement. Educational Psychology: Critical Pedagogical Perspectives. Volume 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"African American Students in Urban Schools" offers readers a critical yet comprehensive examination of the issues affecting African American students' outcomes in urban school systems and beyond. Across disciplines including teacher education, school counseling, school psychology, gifted education, career and technical education, higher…

Moore, James L., III, Ed.; Lewis, Chance W., Ed.

2012-01-01

183

Gender Differences in the Educational Expectations of Urban, Low-Income African American Youth: The Role of Parents and the School  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how youths’ gender is related to the educational expectations of urban, low-income African American youth,\\u000a their parents, and their teachers. As predicted, African American boys (ages 9–16) reported lower expectations for future\\u000a educational attainment than did their female counterparts. Parents and teachers also reported lower expectations for African\\u000a American boys (ages 6–16) than for girls. These findings

Dana Wood; Rachel Kaplan; Vonnie C. McLoyd

2007-01-01

184

"How I Got Ovah": Success Stories of African American Composition Students, Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored how some African American students dramatically improved their control of Edited American English (EAE) in their introductory composition course at Howard University. The participants included 40 students who were enrolled in ENGL 002 in 1998, 1999, or 2000, as well as the 10 teachers who had recommended the students as "most…

Redd, Teresa M.

185

An examination of the association between demographic and educational factors and African American achievement in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective of the Study: The objective of this research study was to investigate whether an association exists between teacher demographic factors (years of teaching experience and gender), 2 educational factors (certification type and certification pathway) and the percent passing rate of tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS. Answers to the following questions were sought: 1. Is there an association between teacher demographic factors and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS? 2. Is there an association between teacher educational factors and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS? 3. Is there an association between teacher demographic factors, educational factors and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS? Status of the Question: According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), science and engineering jobs in the U.S. have increased steadily over recent years and by the year 2016 the number of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) jobs will have grown by more than 21 percent. This increase in science and engineering jobs will double the growth rate of all other workforce sectors combined. The BLS also reports that qualified minority applicants needed to fill these positions will be few and far between. African Americans, Latinos, and other minorities constitute 24 percent of the U.S. population but only 13 percent of college graduates and just 10 percent of people with college degrees who work in science and engineering (Education Trust, 2009). Drawing on the above information, I proposed the following hypotheses to the research questions: H01: There will be no significant statistical association between the demographic factors teacher gender and years of teaching experience and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS. H02: There will be no significant statistical association between the educational factors teacher certification type (composite or content specific) and teacher certification pathway and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS. H03: There will be no significant statistical association between a teachers' demographic factors, educational factors and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS. The researcher employed the assistance of the human resource departments of participating districts to generate a demographic report identifying the sex, years of experience, certification types and pathways of the teachers of record for African American male students who took the 10th grade Science TAKS during the 2009-2010 school year. Data ascertained from the demographic report was entered in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Software (SPSS). A linear regression statistical analysis was used to establish the following: 1). the degree of association between demographic factors and the percent passing rate of their African American male students on the 10th grade science TAKS , 2) the degree of association between educational factors and the percent passing rate of their African American male students on the 10th grade science TAKS, 3) the degree of association between demographic and educational factors and the percent passing rate of their African American male students on the 10th grade science TAKS Conclusion: Constantine et al (2009) concluded that although individual teachers appear to have an effect on student achievement, their study could not identify what about a teacher affects student achievement. Similar to Constatine, the researcher did not find any association between the demographic and educational factors of teachers and the science academic achievement of African American males. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Cottledge, Michael Christopher

186

78 FR 34241 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Proclamation 8992--African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 Presidential...8992 of May 31, 2013 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 By the President...lasting freedom. Through every generation, music has reflected and renewed our...

2013-06-06

187

Ten Ways African Americans Can Prevent Type 2 Diabetes  

MedlinePLUS

Ten Ways African Americans Can Prevent Type 2 Diabetes by the National Diabetes Education Program The National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) is ... to have a heart attack or stroke. Although African Americans are at high risk for type 2 diabetes, ...

188

On the Move to Better Heart Health for African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

On the Move to Better Heart Health for African Americans DISCRIMINATION PROHIBITED: Under provisions of applicable public laws ... On the Move to Better Heart Health for African Americans NIH Publication No. 08-5829 April 2008 Table ...

189

Cancer Facts & Figures for African Americans, 2013-2014  

MedlinePLUS

... Offices Close + - Text Size Cancer Facts & Figures for African Americans 2013-2014 This report provides the estimated numbers of new cancer cases and deaths for African Americans during 2013, as well as current statistics on ...

190

Improving Your Health: Tips for African American Men and Women  

MedlinePLUS

... Adobe Acrobat Reader Improving Your Health: Tips for African Americans Introduction Am I overweight? Could my weight lead ... Am I overweight? More than three in four African American adults are overweight or obese. The body mass ...

191

Colorectal Cancer Is Preventable: Information for African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... May 2012 Colorectal Cancer is Preventable: Information for African Americans By the National Cancer Institute Many people who ... effectively if it is found early enough. Regrettably, African Americans (both men and women) are more likely than ...

192

What about African Americans and High Blood Pressure?  

MedlinePLUS

... vision. The prevalence of high blood pressure in African Americans is among the highest in the world. High blood pressure affects more than 40 percent of African Americans. It also develops earlier in life in blacks ...

193

Misreporting of total energy intake in older African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine misreporting of total energy intake in older African-American men and women using the double-labeled water procedure; and (2) to identify significant physiological and demographic determinants of total energy intake misreporting in older African Americans.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study examining gender differences and determinants of misreporting of total energy intake in older African-American men and women.SUBJECTS: Sixty-four, older African-American

NJ Tomoyasu; MJ Toth; ET Poehlman

2000-01-01

194

Complex syntax production of African American preschoolers.  

PubMed

This study examined changes in the complex syntax production of 85 3- and 4-year-old African American children and the role of child (i.e., gender, age, African American English) and family (i.e., home environment) factors. The mean percentage of utterances containing one or more complex syntax forms was 6.2% at 3 years and 11.7% at 4 years. Girls produced more complex syntax forms than did boys. Complex syntax production increased significantly between age 3 and age 4 and correlated positively with mean length of utterance in words. Children from more responsive and stimulating home environments produced more complex syntax at 4 years. African American English was not related to the amount of complex syntax used. PMID:11708529

Jackson, S C; Roberts, J E

2001-10-01

195

Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans.  

PubMed Central

Trichomonas vaginalis may be emerging as one of the most important cofactors in amplifying HIV transmission, particularly in African-American communities of the United States. In a person co-infected with HIV, the pathology induced by T. vaginalis infection can increase HIV shedding. Trichomonas infection may also act to expand the portal of entry for HIV in an HIV-negative person. Studies from Africa have suggested that T. vaginalis infection may increase the rate of HIV transmission by approximately twofold. Available data indicate that T. vaginalis is highly prevalent among African-Americans in major urban centers of the United States and is often the most common sexually transmitted infection in black women. Even if T. vaginalis increases the risk of HIV transmission by a small amount, this could translate into an important amplifying effect since Trichomonas is so common. Substantial HIV transmission may be attributable to T. vaginalis in African-American communities of the United States. PMID:11747718

Sorvillo, F.; Smith, L.; Kerndt, P.; Ash, L.

2001-01-01

196

Approaches to Addressing Plagiarism Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies  

E-print Network

Approaches to Addressing Plagiarism Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies The Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies offers the following option for satisfying must be cited in footnotes or endnotes. This includes not just quotes but also ideas, opinions

Indiana University

197

Perceptions of Domestic Violence: A Dialogue with African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although empirical research has accumulated over the past 20 years regarding African Americans and domestic violence, many questions remain about African American perceptions of domestic violence. This article explores African American women's perceptions about domestic violence through three focus groups held at a New York social services agency.…

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B.

2004-01-01

198

African American Males in Counseling: Who's Pulling the Trigger Now?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American males face numerous challenges to their physical and psychological well-being. This project is a survey of the literature and trends relative to African American males from 1987 to the present. In reviewing the fifteen years since Parham and McDavis published their now famous article on African American men as an endangered…

Bethea-Whitfield, Patricia

199

Going to School: The African-American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents the views of a range of African-American educators on questions related to African-American academic achievement. The concern in this volume is with the persistent, pervasive, and disproportionate underachievement of African-American students. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1, "Problem Identification," comprises the…

Lomotey, Kofi, Ed.

200

Representing African American Women in U.S. History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the dearth of African American women in high school U.S. history textbooks. The authors conducted a content analysis of the images in an African American history textbook and found that black women are underrepresented. Women are found in less than 15 percent of the images in the African American history text, while they…

Schocker, Jessica B.; Woyshner, Christine

2013-01-01

201

Seeing African Americans as Competent Parents: Implications for Family Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the primary roles of parents is to guide and socialize children to make meaningful life choices. African American parents, in particular, have the additional tasks of preparing their children to thrive in an environment that has historically been hostile toward African Americans. Yet, many African American parents are often depicted as…

Adkison-Bradley, Carla

2011-01-01

202

Acculturation and cigarette smoking among African American adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between acculturation and cigarette smoking among African Americans was examined with 444 adults. Results revealed that African American smokers were more traditional (less acculturated) than their nonsmoking counterparts, irrespective of gender, and that acculturation was a better predictor of smoking than status variables such as income and education. The prevalence of smoking among traditional African Americans was 33.6%

Elizabeth A. Klonoff; Hope Landrine

1996-01-01

203

Decline of African American rural landowners: Trends and perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Land ownership among African Americans has declined drastically at rates uncomparable to any other group. Research has begun to examine the perceptions of African Americans toward owning land, with the objective of understanding how and why the decline occurred. The specific objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the characteristics of selected rural African American landowners in Tennessee, (2)

Reuben Josephe Tapp

1998-01-01

204

From Crisis to Empowerment: African American Women in Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social challenges tear at the fabric of the African American family, revealing complexities that identify a de facto leader, the African American woman. She exists in a chasm of overt circumstances which heavily influences her successes. The purpose of this study is to identify factors that motivated seven female African American community college…

Bates, Marcie Ann

2012-01-01

205

African-American Males' Health Perceptions and Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on African American men's health is limited. Perception and knowledge of health may have a significant effect on health seeking behavior and self care. This study was designed to examine factors that may influence health perception and knowledge among African American males. This is a cross-sectional study of 343 African American males…

McNeal, CoSandra; Perkins, Isaac; Lyons, Shenia

2006-01-01

206

Substance Use Among African American Adolescents in the Midwest  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to examine the attitudes and substance use behaviors of African American adolescents living in the Midwest. A baseline survey was administered to 463 African American teens between the ages of 11–19. The article examines the relationship between attitudes toward drugs and drug-using behavior in this African American sample. Drug use will be compared to

Rhonda K. Lewis; Felecia A. Lee; Chris M. Kirk; Michelle Redmond

2011-01-01

207

African American Fathers and Incarceration: Paternal Involvement and Child Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite only accounting for 6% of the general population, African American males represent nearly 50% of the prison population. To investigate the impact of mass incarceration on African American families, data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being study were analyzed. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to examine the impact of previous incarceration on African American fathers' instrumental

Armon R. Perry; Mikia Bright

2012-01-01

208

Empowerment Groups for Urban African American Girls: A Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the author wanted to read Bemak, Chung, and Siroskey-Sabdo's article in an objective sense, her response to their article is most likely influenced by her own experiences as an African American female and mother of an African American daughter. To her, the paramount issue facing African American females is the double and sometimes triple…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl C.

2005-01-01

209

Oral Cancer in African Americans: Addressing Health Disparities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To explore factors underlying African Americans' perceptions of oral cancer and the oral cancer exam. Study findings were used to guide development of oral cancer messages designed to increase oral cancer exams among African Americans. Methods: Focus groups were conducted to understand African Americans' attitudes and expectations…

Dodd, Virginia J.; Watson, Jennifer M.; Choi, Youjin; Tomar, Scott L.; Logan, Henrietta L.

2008-01-01

210

CHRISTIAN ENCOUNTER WITH ISLAM AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS IN PRISON  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American prison inmates convert to Islam at a rate faster than any other demographic group in the United States. In this paper, I focus on the Christian encounter with Islam among African Americans in prison. First I examine the wider demographic and historical context influencing the rise of Islam among prisoners. I trace the tendency of African American prisoners

David J. Feddes

211

African American Acculturation and Black Racial Identity: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between acculturation and racial identity among African Americans. One hundred eighty-seven African American students completed the Black Racial Identity Attitude Scale and the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS). Acculturation was associated with three of the five AAAS subscales: Dissonance, Immersion, and…

Pope-Davis, Donald B.; Liu, William M.; Ledesma-Jones, Shannon; Nevitt, Jonathan

2000-01-01

212

Exposure of African-American Youth to Alcohol Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Despite occasional media and community spotlights on the marketing of alcohol products in the African-American community, there has been no systematic review of the…

2003

213

BLACK MASCULINITY AND BASKETBALL AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDIES 398DT  

Microsoft Academic Search

and by appointment Because over 80% of NBA basketball players are African American and the style of play that emerged from African-American communities dominates the professional game, basketball is culturally marked as black. Larry Bird, a three-time NBA MVP, and the best non-African American player of the last thirty years maintained that basketball is \\

Damion Thomas

214

Beating the Odds: Raising Academically Successful African American Males.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on African American males presents the first step in an ongoing exploration of the relationship between parenting and academic achievement among African American children. Subjects of the study were high-achieving members of the Meyerhoff Scholars, young African Americans distinguished for their achievement. The Meyerhoff Scholar program…

Hrabowski, Freemen A., III; Maton, Kenneth I.; Greif, Geoffrey L.

215

Impact of biomedical research on African Americans.  

PubMed Central

Pharmaceutical development and medical research continues at a fevered pitch. Historically, however, African Americans and other minorities have not been adequately represented in the studies determining a drug's safety and efficacy in humans. A history of misuse in the medical research systems (most notably the Tuskeegee study of syphillis in a population of illiterate, poor black men) have left many blacks wary of the health care system. However, attempts to address the health disparities faced by African Americans must include processes for including wider representation of blacks--as patients as well as investigators--in clinical trials. PMID:12653393

Harrison, R. W.

2001-01-01

216

Impact of biomedical research on African Americans.  

PubMed

Pharmaceutical development and medical research continues at a fevered pitch. Historically, however, African Americans and other minorities have not been adequately represented in the studies determining a drug's safety and efficacy in humans. A history of misuse in the medical research systems (most notably the Tuskeegee study of syphillis in a population of illiterate, poor black men) have left many blacks wary of the health care system. However, attempts to address the health disparities faced by African Americans must include processes for including wider representation of blacks--as patients as well as investigators--in clinical trials. PMID:12653393

Harrison, R W

2001-03-01

217

A Call to Action to Raise Achievement for African American Students. Student Achievement Policy Brief #1: African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One out of every six public school students in the U.S. is African American. The achievement of African American students as a group will have a significant impact on the nation's economic strength and social well-being. This brief looks at the performance of African American students on state reading and mathematics tests and considers the policy…

Kober, Nancy

2010-01-01

218

The Myth of Meritocracy and African American Health  

PubMed Central

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy—the belief that all may obtain the American Dream—and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans. PMID:20724679

Meyer, Ilan H.

2010-01-01

219

The myth of meritocracy and African American health.  

PubMed

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy-the belief that all may obtain the American Dream-and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans. PMID:20724679

Kwate, Naa Oyo A; Meyer, Ilan H

2010-10-01

220

Strengths: African-American Children and Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is generally true that when people are deprived of their own cultural forms and are coerced into adopting the cultural forms of others, disorder, stress, and even disability will occur. Conversely, the basic strength of any people results from their experience of historical and cultural continuity. The strengths of African-American children and…

Hilliard, Asa G., III

221

African American's Perceptions of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes and beliefs about utilization of mental health services of 201 African Americans, 18 years and older, are explored. One hundred and thirty-four females and 66 males participated in mixed sex focus groups conducted in an urban, Midwestern city. Discussion probes addressed participant perceptions of psychotherapists and psychotherapy,…

Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders; Akbar, Maysa D.; Bazile, Anita

222

Educational Resilience in African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was to examine factors within the school context that facilitates educational resilience among African American high school students. The authors expected academic self-esteem to be positively associated with future expectations (academic and general). They expected perceptions of school-based social support to have…

Cunningham, Michael; Swanson, Dena Phillips

2010-01-01

223

Substance Abuse in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited attention to ethnicity in research on substance abuse and women has resulted in assumptions that may not fit the experience of women of color. This study employed a combined quantitative and qualitative design to investigate substance abuse in African American women ages 21 to 48. Life experiences of women with histories of chemical dependence were compared with women who

Harriet Curtis-Boles; Valata Jenkins-Monroe

2000-01-01

224

African American Women Counselors, Wellness, and Spirituality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given their tremendous professional responsibilities, professional counselors face daunting challenges to remaining healthy and avoiding role stress and overload. This article explores the intersection of race, gender, wellness, and spirituality in the self-care of African American women counselors. The authors give particular attention to…

Knowles, Debora; Bryant, Rhonda M.

2011-01-01

225

African American Female Superintendents: Resilient School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six African American female superintendents who had served as superintendents in at least 2 school districts were interviewed to understand ways in which they responded to barriers and adversity in their roles, with a particular emphasis on issues related to sexism and racism. Study participants shared that they work to engage the community and…

Johnson, Bernadeia H.

2012-01-01

226

African American College Women's Suicide Buffers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the relationships buffers may have with suicide ideation, 300 African American female college students completed measures of suicide ideation and buffers. Three variables accounted for a significant and unique portion of the variance in suicide ideation: family support, a view that suicide is unacceptable, and a collaborative religious…

Marion, Michelle S.; Range, Lillian M.

2003-01-01

227

African-American Axioms and Maxims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines and describes 30 African-American centered quotation and motivational books, all but one of which were published between 1993 and 1997. The books articulate a diversity of genres and themes. Annotations are divided into: (1) general quotation; (2) daily words and meditation/motivation sources; (3) religion and theology; and (4)…

Zulu, Itibari M.

1998-01-01

228

Distinguished African American Political and Governmental Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive directory profiles more than 100 African American political and governmental leaders from the mid-19th century to the present. Each entry includes the following information, where applicable: birth date and place; parents' names and history; current status; education; anecdotes; national or local events; awards and honors;…

Haskins, James

229

African-American Women's Mentoring Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intervention studies suggest that providing appropriate role models produces positive differences in ethnic minority members' levels of career maturity. The availability of appropriate role models is particularly important for African American women because of their double minority status; neither career interventions developed just for women nor…

Jackson, Cydney H.; And Others

230

Lift every voice: voices of African-American lesbian elders.  

PubMed

Old lesbians of African descent have experienced racism, heterosexism, homophobia, and ageism. This article explores the topics of aging, ageism, heterosexism, and minority stress among older African-American lesbians. The narratives and subsequent analysis offer significant contributions to the dialogue regarding Black aging lesbians in the aging and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities generally and in the African-American and African-American lesbian communities specifically. PMID:25575321

Woody, Imani

2015-01-01

231

H-Afro-Am: African-American Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

H-Afro-Am is a new H-Net sponsored, moderated discussion list for professionals, faculty, and advanced students in African American Studies. The discussion list will focus on the African Diaspora, mainly on the US experience. H-Afro-Am is also the official voice of the Collegium for African American Research in Europe (CAAR), established in 1992 to promote African American scholarship from an international perspective.

232

Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection examine relationships between the Korean American and African American communities in Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York. The contrast between the economic power and lack of political power of Korean Americans and the political power and lack of economic power of African Americans is traced. Essays 2-5 cover Los…

Kim, Kwang Chung, Ed.

233

Math Blitz Afterschool Program: Reclaiming Excellence for African American Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An academic achievement gap exists between European American and African American students in the United States elementary educational system. At present, the achievement gap is currently being measured by local, state, and national standardized assessments and reveals that there is a great disparity among African American and European American

Smalls, Ruth R.

2013-01-01

234

3 CFR 8627 - Proclamation 8627 of February 1, 2011. National African American History Month, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...to African Americans, but African Americans would not let their dreams be denied. Though Jim Crow segregation slowed the onward march of history and expansion of the American dream, African Americans braved bigotry and violence to...

2012-01-01

235

African American Studies & Research Center and Latin American & Latino Studies  

E-print Network

Symposium on African American Culture & Philosophy "Afro"Afro--Latin America:Latin America: Rethinking Stewart Center, 3rd Floor West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 #12;"Afro-Latin America: Rethinking Identity for Women of Color through Afro-Latina Hybridity. 2. Immigration, Settlement, & the Dynamics of Trans

Pittendrigh, Barry

236

African American Evaluations of Black English and Standard American English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the perceptions of 55 African American undergraduates about Black English. Students identified as not having a committed Black identity evaluated Black English as lower in status than those students with a committed Black identity. Black English was not perceived as reflecting higher social solidarity. (SLD)

White, Michael J.; Vandiver, Beverly J.; Becker, Maria L.; Overstreet, Belinda G.; Temple, Linda E.; Hagan, Kelly L.; Mandelbaum, Emily P.

1998-01-01

237

Genes count: attenuated cerebral vasodilator capacity in young African Americans.  

PubMed

Compared to Caucasian Americans, African Americans present increased risk of cerebrovascular events such as stroke (Roger et al. 2011), even after controlling for age, insulin dependent diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, and education (Sacco et al. 1995). The mechanisms explaining this increased prevalence of cerebral vascular disease in African Americans therefore remain elusive, though African Americans do demonstrate impaired endothelial function of systemic conductance arteries (Perregaux et al. 2000). If similar dysfunction exists in the cerebral circulation of African Americans it could impair cerebral blood flow regulation and predispose to, or possibly trigger, cerebrovascular events. PMID:25398708

White, Michael J

2014-11-13

238

African-American Poetry, 1760-1900  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Utilizing software developed at the University of Chicago, this online database of African-American poetry is a fine resource for people looking for a compendium of poems by numerous notable 18th and 19th century African-American poets. First-time users will want to read the users manual, which explains the software used to design the database, and how to best utilize the available search engine, which allows for a number of detailed searching methods. The database itself contains 12 million words from a total of 86 works. Visitors looking to browse the online works should consult the bibliography section, as it contains a detailed description of the authors and works covered within the database. Visitors familiar with this genre will note the inclusion of many notable poets, including Paul Dunbar, James Corrothers, and Albery Allson Whitman.

239

Postpartum depression among African-American women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the nature of postpartum depression (PPD) among African-American women. Twelve women, who had experienced PPD within the last three years, were interviewed for approximately one hour at two intervals. Nudist-4 software and the constant comparative method were used to analyze the data. Five themes "Stressing Out," "Feeling Down," "Losing It," "Seeking Help," and "Feeling Better" represented aspects of PPD as experienced by the participants. The last theme, "Dealing with It," represented the cultural ways in which African-American mothers managed their depression. These included Keeping the Faith, Trying to Be a Strong Black Woman, Living with Myths, and Keeping Secrets. Suggestions for future directions in nursing research are included. PMID:12623687

Amankwaa, Linda Clark

2003-01-01

240

African-American Band Music and Recordings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, a number of African American musicians and bandleaders had garnered the attention of the music-going public, and names such as Eubie Blake and Scott Joplin remain familiar to this very day. This rather fine online collection offered by the Library of Congress's Performing Arts division brings together a number of so-called "stock" arrangements for bands or small orchestras written by African Americans during that period. Visitors to the site should start by reading one of the four informative essays offered here, and then search through the actual music. There are over 206 pieces of music here, including "After the Cake Walk" from 1901 and the 1905 number, "Banana Man". Additionally, visitors can read any number of composer and bandleader biographies.

241

Racism as a stressor for African Americans: A biopsychosocial model  

Microsoft Academic Search

iven the historical and contemporary existence of racism in American society, one might suspect there would be an equally substantial literature examining the effects of racism on African Americans. Yet, research exploring the biological, psychological, and social effects of racism among African Americans is virtually nonexistent. The purpose of this article was threefold: (a) to provide a brief overview of

Rodney Clark; Norman B. Anderson; Vernessa R. Clark; David R. Williams

1999-01-01

242

77 FR 33595 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8832 of June 1, 2012 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012 By the President...long-cherished piece of American culture, music offers a vibrant soundtrack to the story...tradition, and during African-American Music Appreciation Month, we pay special...

2012-06-07

243

African-Native Americans : We Are Still Here  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The William & Anita Newman Library at Baruch College (The City University of New York) has recently added this exhibit to its digital collection. African-Native Americans: We Are Still Here is a photo exhibit that profiles people of joint African American and Native American heritage, with text by Eve Winddancer and photographs by Louis B. Myers.

244

Understanding the African-American Experience: An Interdisciplinary, Multimedia Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological and historical perspectives on what W.E.B. Du Bois described as "double-consciousness" or "twoness" offer distinct yet complementary viewpoints of the African American experience. A counseling psychologist and an American historian examined the issue of African American identity using an interdisciplinary teaching approach. The…

Bauman, Stephanie SanMiguel; Bauman, Robert A.

245

Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms among African American Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18-34), middle (35-54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method: Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results: Discrimination was significantly…

Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

2011-01-01

246

African American Women in Iowa Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fruitful collaboration between the Iowa Women's Archive and the African American Historical Museum and Cultural Center of Iowa has produced this enlightening website containing over 200 items including links to "scrapbooks," "photographs," "pamphlets" "oral histories" and "newsletters." The "Recent Additions" area allows visitors to click on any of the thumbnails in the line up of items shown, to see the image enlarged. By simply double clicking on the thumbnail, users can also access bibliographic data about the item.

247

Cancer and the African American Experience PDF  

Cancer.gov

African Americans bear an unequal burden of cancer. This is caused by a complex interplay of socio-economic, cultural, environmental, and biologic factors; the result is the persistence of inequalities in cancer care outcomes. These disparities encompass the entire spectrum of care, from screening and prevention activities, through diagnosis and treatment, to palliative and end of life care. Clinicians should be aware that concepts of race and ethnicity are social and political constructs, without a direct relationship to biology and genetics.

248

African American Women's Unique Divorce Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The qualitative study explored African American working women's pre-divorce, divorce and postdivorce experiences. A total of thirty divorced women were interviewed face-to-face by a social worker in a Member's Assistance Program where the women had received free legal and social work services. The findings demonstrate that the women face emotional and financial problems as a result of low salaries, lack

Olga Molina

2000-01-01

249

Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trichomonas vaginalis may be emerging as one of the most important cofac- tors in amplifying HIV transmission, particularly in African-American communi- ties of the United States. In a person co-infected with HIV, the pathology induced by T. vaginalis infection can increase HIV shedding. Trichomonas infection may also act to expand the portal of entry for HIV in an HIV-negative person.

Frank Sorvillo; Lisa Smith; Peter Kerndt; H Lawrence Ash

2001-01-01

250

African American Mathematic Student Perceptions of Peers, Education, and Mathematical Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies successful African American students' perception of their mathematics education, mathematics knowledge, and their interaction with peers. Two female and four male participants attending the same southern four-year university completed courses in calculus 1, 2, and 3. Data was gathered using interviews, surveys, exemplary teacher

Powell-Mikle, Angiline

251

"Filling the Seat": The Pathway to the Superintendency for One African-American Woman Superintendent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The underrepresentation of women who are school superintendents is problematic, especially given the number of women who are classroom teachers and principals. This oral history study examines and describes how one African-American female superintendent, despite the conditions of racial and gender marginalization and oppression, attained her…

Davis-Jones, Shelly A.

2013-01-01

252

Smuggled Literacies: The Social and Educational Value of Hidden Literacies of Urban African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and teachers often are not privy to the literacy events smuggled into the private lives of urban African-Americans. Yet, these hidden literacies, such as journal writing and reading personal business letters, often reveal deft rhetorical skills as well as intellectual grappling with the social complexities of power, race, and class.…

Cushman, M. Ellen

253

Before and after School Desegregation: African-American Parents' Involvement in Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the author summarizes three generations of desegregation efforts since the Brown decision, with the intent to highlight parent voices. The author puts forth arguments that researchers and policymakers should turn their attention to the importance of broader sociocultural facets of desegregation. The author provides recollections from her mother, elementary school principal, and first-grade teacher showing that African-American

Patricia A. Edwards

1993-01-01

254

Talking Drums: Reading and Writing with African American Stories, Spirituals, and Multimedia Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through stories, spirituals, and recommended resource books, Finnen exposes students to the rich history and heritage of Africa and African Americans. Each chapter provides the teacher or librarian with beautifully told folktales that provide the basis for further exploration of the chapter's focus. This rich resource is ideal for language arts…

Finnen, Wanda

2004-01-01

255

Segregation, Desegregation, and Resegregation in Cincinnati: The Perspective of an African American Principal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research on "Brown v. Board of Education" has emphasized continuing disparities in the education of White and African American students. This research has used the failure of desegregation to account for persisting gaps in White and Black school funding, teacher qualifications, and student achievement. But the current focus on the failure…

Brown, Lionel H.; Beckett, Gulbahar H.; Beckett, Kelvin S.

2006-01-01

256

School Belonging and the African American Adolescent: What do We Know and Where Should We Go?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows, for African American adolescents, issues of school belonging, identification, and engagement are critical to academic performance and successful completion of high school. In the existing literature, school belonging has been significantly linked with teacher support, peer relations, motivation, engagement, and academic…

Booker, Keonya Charlyn

2006-01-01

257

Conclusions: The Future of Family Involvement in Schools in African-American Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article talks about the future of family involvement in schools in African-American communities. The future of family involvement in the schools rests with today's teachers and parents who will take what they learned from the past, establish the philosophical foundations to guide their interactions, incorporate child and family theory and…

Juhasz, Anne

2004-01-01

258

African Americans Who Made a Difference. 15 Plays for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These easy-to-read classroom plays are about 15 African American men and women in a variety of vocations. The plays are designed to enhance the curriculum and to make social studies come alive for the student as they bolster language-arts teaching. Each play includes a Teacher's Guide that contains some quotes from the featured person and a brief…

1996

259

Amistad Digital Resource for Teaching African American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based out of Columbia University, the Amistad Digital Resource for Teaching African American History was created with a goal of helping teachers present a more inclusive representation of American history within K-12 social studies curriculum. Housing rare and iconic photographs, audio recordings, news clips, and excerpts of oral history interviews, the site consists of three Modules: Plantation to Ghetto, Civil Rights Era, and The Future in the Present. Section one of Plantation to Ghetto documents the end of Reconstruction in the South and Jim Crow laws. From here, visitors can read a descriptive narrative, review related documents, and even view a short film clip from NBC on Jim Crow Laws in the South. Visitors may peruse each module for a desired era or event, or search the archive by Key Figure, Organization and Institution, Images, Videos, or Documents.

2009-01-01

260

Are You at Risk for Oral Cancer? What African American Men Need to Know  

MedlinePLUS

... Are You At Risk for Oral Cancer? What African American Men Need to Know Main Content Are African ... should you do if you have symptoms? Are African American men at risk for oral cancer? Yes, African ...

261

A Teacher Proposed Heuristic for ICT Professional Teacher Development and Implementation in the South African Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative interpretive exploratory case study investigated a sample of South African teachers' perceptions of the requirements for successful implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Professional Teacher Development (PTD) within disadvantaged South African township schools in the Port Elizabeth district in South…

du Plessis, Andre; Webb, Paul

2012-01-01

262

Overcoming challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in African Americans.  

PubMed Central

The incidence of ADHD appears to be similar in African Americans and white populations. However, fewer African-American than white children are diagnosed and treated for ADHD. Reasons for this disparity have not been fully elucidated; causes are most likely complex. Whereas certain barriers to treatment are driven by patients and their families, others are due to limitations in the healthcare system. Patient-driven obstacles to care include inadequate knowledge regarding the symptoms, treatment and consequences of untreated ADHD and fear of overdiagnosis and misdiagnosis. A survey conducted to explore cultural differences between African-American and white respondents found that African Americans were more likely than whites to be unfamiliar with ADHD. In addition, African Americans felt that they were diagnosed with ADHD more often than whites and that teachers blamed ADHD for learning or behavior problems more often in African Americans. Health system barriers include a lack of culturally competent healthcare providers, stereotyping/biases and failure of the clinician to evaluate the child in multiple settings before diagnosis. Strategies to overcome these challenges include increased dissemination of ADHD information through community events; improved training of clinicians in cultural competence; and open communication among parents, clinicians and school personnel. PMID:16350600

Bailey, Rahn K.; Owens, Dion L.

2005-01-01

263

Implicit Stereotyping and Medical Decisions: Unconscious Stereotype Activation in Practitioners' Thoughts About African Americans  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We investigated whether stereotypes unconsciously influence the thinking and behavior of physicians, as they have been shown to do in other professional settings, such as among law enforcement personnel and teachers. Methods. We conducted 2 studies to examine whether stereotypes are implicitly activated in physicians. Study 1 assessed what diseases and treatments doctors associate with African Americans. Study 2 presented these (and control terms) to doctors as part of a computerized task. Subliminal images of African American and White men appeared prior to each word, and reaction times to words were recorded. Results. When primed with an African American face, doctors reacted more quickly for stereotypical diseases, indicating an implicit association of certain diseases with African Americans. These comprised not only diseases African Americans are genetically predisposed to, but also conditions and social behaviors with no biological association (e.g., obesity, drug abuse). Conclusions. We found implicit stereotyping among physicians; faces they never consciously saw altered performance. This suggests that diagnoses and treatment of African American patients may be biased, even in the absence of the practitioner's intent or awareness. PMID:22420815

Stone, Jeff; Childs, Amanda

2012-01-01

264

African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected History  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a

Loretta J. Ross

1992-01-01

265

African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a

Co-Founder Loretta J. Ross

1992-01-01

266

African-American Muslim Women and Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Muslims constitute a growing proportion of the African-American population. This paper explores the health practices, health behaviors, and code of ethics as informed by the Islamic religion within the context of African-American Muslim women's lives. An overview of the history of Islam in the world, and in the U.S., the main Islamic tenets, and the socio-cultural context of African-American Muslim

Shireen S. Rajaram; Anahita Rashidi

2003-01-01

267

Religion and Feminist Attitudes Among African-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a 1988 telephone survey of randomly selected African-American residents of Washington, D.C., we test the association between religious attitudes and practices of African-American women and support for gender equality and abortion. We find that religious involvement and orthodoxy are strong predictors of opposition to legal abortion among African-American women, but are not associated with opposition to gender

Clyde Wilcox; Sue Thomas

1992-01-01

268

Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school and college teachers interested in offering units or courses on Native American literature have often had to carve out new teaching strategies because ready resources and guides are scarce. In "Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide," Bruce A. Goebel offers innovative and practical suggestions about how to introduce…

Goebel, Bruce A.

2004-01-01

269

Descriptors and Perception of Dyspnea in African-American Asthmatics  

PubMed Central

Objective This study explores self-reported perception of asthma symptoms in African-Americans. Methods Qualitative methodology was used to analyze the responses from African-Americans within focus groups from Nashville, Tennessee. Results Common symptoms were chest tightness, “breathing problems,” and wheeze. Less commonly reported symptoms included cough, chest pain, dizziness, sweating, and “short of breath.” A single participant reported nocturnal wheezing. Conclusions This study provides insight into the descriptors and perception of asthma symptoms in African-Americans. Understanding the descriptors of symptoms and disease severity in African-American patients may lead to more accurate diagnosis, treatment, and reduced mortality within this high-risk population. PMID:18097855

Trochtenberg, D. Scott; BeLue, Rhonda

2010-01-01

270

African American Literature, 1989-94: An Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains an annotated bibliography of African American literature (published between 1989 and 1994), including anthologies, fiction, poetry, drama, criticism, cultural studies, biography, interviews, and letters. (TB)

Miller, R. Baxter; Butts, Tracy; Jones, Sharon

1997-01-01

271

Novel recurrently mutated genes in African American colon cancers.  

PubMed

We used whole-exome and targeted sequencing to characterize somatic mutations in 103 colorectal cancers (CRC) from African Americans, identifying 20 new genes as significantly mutated in CRC. Resequencing 129 Caucasian derived CRCs confirmed a 15-gene set as a preferential target for mutations in African American CRCs. Two predominant genes, ephrin type A receptor 6 (EPHA6) and folliculin (FLCN), with mutations exclusive to African American CRCs, are by genetic and biological criteria highly likely African American CRC driver genes. These previously unsuspected differences in the mutational landscapes of CRCs arising among individuals of different ethnicities have potential to impact on broader disparities in cancer behaviors. PMID:25583493

Guda, Kishore; Veigl, Martina L; Varadan, Vinay; Nosrati, Arman; Ravi, Lakshmeswari; Lutterbaugh, James; Beard, Lydia; Willson, James K V; Sedwick, W David; Wang, Zhenghe John; Molyneaux, Neil; Miron, Alexander; Adams, Mark D; Elston, Robert C; Markowitz, Sanford D; Willis, Joseph E

2015-01-27

272

Culturally appropriate substance abuse treatment for parenting African American women.  

PubMed

Culturally appropriate strategies have been deemed necessary for the treatment of substance abuse among African American women. This qualitative study was conducted utilizing a grounded theory methodology within a womanist theoretical framework to explore the process by which parenting African American women participate in formal substance abuse treatment programs. Study findings yielded significant insights into this process and support the notion that culturally appropriate frameworks are necessary to help substance-abusing African American women enter into treatment programs and remain in recovery. In addition, specific interventions for treating substance-abusing African American women within a culturally relevant framework are discussed. PMID:15204890

Lewis, Lisa M

2004-01-01

273

Critical social theory and the domination of African American Women.  

PubMed

This historical reconstruction of the experiences of African American women in America from slavery to the present exposes the prevailing and enduring system of White male domination. From White men having control of their reproductive choices, to conspiracy to withhold the right to vote, African American women were victims of both sexism and racism. Later, as a result of the myth conceived by White sociologists of the super African American woman, further divisiveness became apparent in the African American home. As African American women took advantage of educational opportunities only to find that there was a dearth of similarly educated African American males to marry, increasing numbers of African American men were reported as parties to violent acts, drugs or illness. All of these variables are conjectured as impacting on the African American woman's experience. Lastly, data were presented depicting the increasing trend of African American women marrying White men, and the emergence of a more diverse workforce. It was concluded that economics serve as a catalyst for this change in human relations. PMID:8718416

Davis, S P

1995-01-01

274

77 FR 45471 - White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for African Americans  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...improving educational outcomes for African Americans of all ages, and to help ensure that all African Americans receive an education...ordered as follows: Section 1. Policy. Over the course of America's history, African American men and women...

2012-08-01

275

African American Women’s Preparation for Childbirth From the Perspective of African American Health-Care Providers  

PubMed Central

Preparation for birthing has focused primarily on Caucasian women. No studies have explored African American women’s birth preparation. From the perceptions of 12 African American maternity health-care providers, this study elicited perceptions of the ways in which pregnant African American women prepare for childbirth. Focus group participants answered seven semistructured questions. Four themes emerged: connecting with nurturers, traversing an unresponsive system, the need to be strong, and childbirth classes not a priority. Recommendations for nurses and childbirth educators include: (a) self-awareness of attitudes toward African Americans, (b) empowering of clients for birthing, (c) recognition of the role that pregnant women’s mothers play, (d) tailoring of childbirth classes for African American women, and (e) research on how racism influences pregnant African American women’s preparation for birthing. PMID:22211059

Abbyad, Christine; Robertson, Trina Reed

2011-01-01

276

Academic attainment and the high school science experiences among high-achieving African American males  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines the educational experiences of high achieving African American males. More specifically, it analyzes the influences on their successful navigation through high school science. Through a series of interviews, observations, questionnaires, science portfolios, and review of existing data the researcher attempted to obtain a deeper understanding of high achieving African American males and their limitations to academic attainment and high school science experiences. The investigation is limited to ten high achieving African American male science students at Woodcrest High School. Woodcrest is situated at the cross section of a suburban and rural community located in the southeastern section of the United States. Although this investigation involves African American males, all of whom are successful in school, its findings should not be generalized to this nor any other group of students. The research question that guided this study is: What are the limitations to academic attainment and the high school science experiences of high achieving African American males? The student participants expose how suspension and expulsion, special education placement, academic tracking, science instruction, and teacher expectation influence academic achievement. The role parents play, student self-concept, peer relationships, and student learning styles are also analyzed. The anthology of data rendered three overarching themes: (1) unequal access to education, (2) maintenance of unfair educational structures, and (3) authentic characterizations of African American males. Often the policies and practices set in place by school officials aid in creating hurdles to academic achievement. These policies and practices are often formed without meaningful consideration of the unintended consequences that may affect different student populations, particularly the most vulnerable. The findings from this study expose that high achieving African American males face major obstacles and limitations to achievement. Student study participants believe African American male students are targeted for suspension more often because of their gender and race, parents of high achieving African American males show some uncertainty about the school's ability to treat their sons in a fair and equitable manner, and teachers see indifference and the lack of science skills as the root cause of the diminished presence of African American male participation in higher level science classes.

Trice, Rodney Nathaniel

277

76 FR 6519 - National African American History Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...slowed the onward march of history and expansion of the American dream, African Americans braved bigotry and violence to organize schools, churches, and neighborhood organizations. Bolstered by strong values of faith and community, black...

2011-02-04

278

Racial Narratives, Group Identity, and African-American Political Behavior  

E-print Network

My dissertation seeks to advance the racial politics and political behavior literatures in American politics by focusing on the role of "racial narratives" in explaining historical changes in African-American political ...

Delehanty, William

2010-05-13

279

Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms Among African American Men  

PubMed Central

Purpose This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18–34), middle (35–54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results Discrimination was significantly related to depressive symptoms for men ages 35 to 54 and mastery was found to be protective against depressive symptoms for all men. Compared to African American men in the young and late adult groups, discrimination remained a statistically significant predictor of depressive symptoms for men in the middle group once mastery was included. Implications Findings demonstrate the distinct differences in the influence of discrimination on depressive symptoms among adult African American males and the need for future research that explores the correlates of mental health across age groups. Implications for social work research and practice with African American men are discussed. PMID:24436576

Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

2013-01-01

280

The psychiatric rehabilitation of African Americans with severe mental illness.  

PubMed

African Americans make up approximately 12% of the U.S. population, a total of around 36 million people. Evidence suggests that African Americans suffer from significant and persistent disparities within the mental health system. African Americans with severe mental illness are less likely than Euro-Americans to access mental health services, more likely to drop out of treatment, more likely to receive poor-quality care, and more likely to be dissatisfied with care. Dominant patterns of treatment for African Americans with psychiatric disabilities are often least suited to long-term rehabilitation. To be successful, interventions must simultaneously target three levels: macro, provider, and patient. Five domains are posited that cut across these levels. These are cross-cultural communication, discrimination, explanatory models, stigma, and family involvement. These need appropriate research and action to enhance the psychiatric rehabilitation of African Americans. Potential solutions to overcome barriers raised within these domains are suggested. PMID:20439373

Whitley, Rob; Lawson, William B

2010-05-01

281

Alcohol-Related Consequences in African American and European American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 50% of college students report a heavy drinking episode in the past 2 weeks. This pattern of heavy episodic drinking places them at risk for experiencing alcohol-related problems. In addition, important ethnic differences exist between European American and African American college students in terms of drinking. European American college students report consuming more alcohol than African American college students,

Jessica R. Skidmore; James G. Murphy; Matthew Martens; Ashley A. Dennhardt

2012-01-01

282

Genome-wide patterns of population structure and admixture in West Africans and African Americans.  

PubMed

Quantifying patterns of population structure in Africans and African Americans illuminates the history of human populations and is critical for undertaking medical genomic studies on a global scale. To obtain a fine-scale genome-wide perspective of ancestry, we analyze Affymetrix GeneChip 500K genotype data from African Americans (n = 365) and individuals with ancestry from West Africa (n = 203 from 12 populations) and Europe (n = 400 from 42 countries). We find that population structure within the West African sample reflects primarily language and secondarily geographical distance, echoing the Bantu expansion. Among African Americans, analysis of genomic admixture by a principal component-based approach indicates that the median proportion of European ancestry is 18.5% (25th-75th percentiles: 11.6-27.7%), with very large variation among individuals. In the African-American sample as a whole, few autosomal regions showed exceptionally high or low mean African ancestry, but the X chromosome showed elevated levels of African ancestry, consistent with a sex-biased pattern of gene flow with an excess of European male and African female ancestry. We also find that genomic profiles of individual African Americans afford personalized ancestry reconstructions differentiating ancient vs. recent European and African ancestry. Finally, patterns of genetic similarity among inferred African segments of African-American genomes and genomes of contemporary African populations included in this study suggest African ancestry is most similar to non-Bantu Niger-Kordofanian-speaking populations, consistent with historical documents of the African Diaspora and trans-Atlantic slave trade. PMID:20080753

Bryc, Katarzyna; Auton, Adam; Nelson, Matthew R; Oksenberg, Jorge R; Hauser, Stephen L; Williams, Scott; Froment, Alain; Bodo, Jean-Marie; Wambebe, Charles; Tishkoff, Sarah A; Bustamante, Carlos D

2010-01-12

283

Teacher–Student Interactions and Race in Integrated Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The treatment of African American students and Caucasian American students in middle schools by Caucasian American female teachers during 32 hr of instruction in integrated classrooms was investigated. Data revealed that African American students as a group were not treated as favorably by their teachers as were Caucasian American students. Teachers interacted more positively with American Caucasian students according to

Clifton. A. Casteel

1998-01-01

284

The Inventory of Teacher-Student Relationships: Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity among African American Youth in Low-Income Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Inventory of Teacher-Student Relationships (IT-SR), a measure that was developed by adapting the widely used Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachments (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987) for use in the context of teacher-student relationships. The instrument was field tested…

Murray, Christopher; Zvoch, Keith

2011-01-01

285

American RadioWorks: Testing Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the national documentary unit of American Public Media, American Radio Works' riveting hour-long documentaries are broadcast on public radio stations throughout the United States, and across the Internet. Listeners who miss their broadcast on local stations can go to the American Radio Works website to listen to their new and archived documentaries. The documentary "Testing Teachers", which is about quality testing public school teachers, is one that sparks much debate among teachers, students, parents, the public, and policy makers. Five questions are asked in the documentary including: "What is Good Teaching?"; "Are Test Scores the Right Measuring Stick for Teachers?"; and "Do Poor Kids need Different Kinds of Teachers?". Visitors are also given the opportunity to write about their best teachers, as well as read responses to that same query from public radio listeners in the Minnesota and Wisconsin area, where the documentary was produced and first broadcast.

286

CTNS Mutations in African American Patients with Cystinosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cystinosis, an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder, is rarely diagnosed in African Americans. The disease results from mutations in the gene CTNS; at least 55 such mutations have been reported. By far the most common is a 57,257-bp deletion of Northern European origin encompassing most of the CTNS gene. We performed mutation analysis on DNA from four African American patients

Robert Kleta; Yair Anikster; Cynthia Lucero; Vorasuk Shotelersuk; Marjan Huizing; Isa Bernardini; Margaret Park; Jess Thoene; Jerry Schneider; William A. Gahl

2001-01-01

287

Serving African American Children: Child Welfare Perspectives Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection brings together articles by African American authors who are committed to research, policies, and programs affecting African American children and families. The articles are grouped into sections on policy, research, and practice issues; clinical techniques and treatment models; and new perspectives in child welfare. The following…

Jackson, Sondra, Ed.; Brissett-Chapman, Sheryl, Ed.

288

These Hallowed Halls: African American Women College and University Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early laws prohibited African Americans from learning to read and write in the United States. The right to an education has produced a significant number of African American women acquiring higher education. Racial and gender diversity at the presidential level in higher education 4-year institutions appears to be changing rapidly. The data…

Bates, Gerri

2007-01-01

289

Standing Up and Speaking Out: African American Women's Narrative Legacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on extensive excerpts from texts that are a part of a larger study of elderly African American women's oral narratives, the following paper examines the manner in which African American women speak out about and suppress accounts of racism and sexism in their professional and private lives. The narratives suggest that the very act of telling their own life

Gwendolyn Etter-Lewis

1991-01-01

290

Racialized Sexual Harassment in the Lives of African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, scholars who investigate sexual harassment have been disturbingly silent about issues facing women of color. The current study describes results of a qualitative study of sexual and racial harassment conducted with 37 African American women. These data indicate that African American women cannot easily separate issues of race and gender when considering their personal accounts of victimization, which

Nicole T. Buchanan; Alayne J. Ormerod

2002-01-01

291

Patterns of Violent Behavior and Victimization among African American Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews types of reported problems among African American youth exposed to violence and victimization. A substantial number of African American youth reported being exposed to direct victimization while in transit to and from school. Discusses the impact of violence on mental health status, in that subjects exposed to violence exhibited…

McGee, Zina T.

1999-01-01

292

Explorative study of African Americans and internet dating  

E-print Network

EXPLORATIVE STUDY OF AFRICAN AMERICANS AND INTERNET DATING A Thesis by KAMESHA SONDRANEK SPATES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Sociology EXPLORATIVE STUDY OF AFRICAN AMERICANS AND INTERNET DATING A Thesis by KAMESHA SONDRANEK SPATES...

Spates, Kamesha Sondranek

2005-02-17

293

African Americans, U. S. History, and the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses changing views taken by contemporary history texts and courses of African-Americans, and other minorities. Warns that the subject of slavery can be an uncomfortable one to teach but needs to be addressed. Provides reviews of World Wide Web sites that provide a good overview of African-American history. (DSK)

Risinger, C. Frederick

1998-01-01

294

Race Consciousness. African-American Studies for the New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays represents new scholarship in African American studies, drawing lessons from the past and providing insights into current intellectual trends. Topics such as the culture of America as a culture of race, legacies of slavery and colonialism, crime and welfare politics, and African American cultural studies are addressed.…

Fossett, Judith Jackson, Ed.; Tucker, Jeffrey A., Ed.

295

Perceived Racism and Encouragement among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial discrimination has negatively affected African Americans in the United States for centuries and produced one of the most publicly recognized histories of social oppression. Extensive research has shown the deleterious effects of racism on African American people and clearly demonstrated that perceived racism and discrimination may…

Rowles, Joanna; Duan, Changming

2012-01-01

296

Enriching Inclusive Learning: African Americans in Historic Costume  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educating students to embrace diversity and value all people is a core value of educators in family and consumer sciences (FCS). For instructors in FCS, integrating the contributions of African Americans--particularly in textiles and clothing--can be an inclusive learning opportunity. The authors compiled resources on African Americans and…

Ratute, Ashley; Marcketti, Sara B.

2009-01-01

297

Culture: A Possible Predictor of Morality for African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the ways in which cultural orientation (communalism and material well-being) and empathy influence the moral reasoning of African American middle to late adolescents. Specifically, this study utilized path analysis to investigate Ward's (1995) hypothesis that a communal orientation would promote morality among African American

Humphries, Marisha L.; Jagers, Robert J.

2009-01-01

298

General Dissociation Scale and Hypnotizability with African American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of the General Dissociation Scale with African American college students, and provide additional data on how to assess hypnotizability with these students. Two-hundred and two undergraduate African American college students participated in this study. Students completed the HGSHS:A, a measure…

Sapp, Marty; Hitchcock, Kim

299

Brother to Brother: Success for African-American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses Brother to Brother, a program designed to help African-American men stay in college and graduate. St. Petersburg College formed this program seven years ago as a means not only of recruiting male African-American students, but also to identify issues that cause them to be at risk for dropping out and to use retention…

Henningsen, Stephanie

2005-01-01

300

African American Youth Unemployment: Current Trends and Future Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines African American employment trends compared with increases or decreases in economic growth and Federal welfare spending during the 1970s and 1980s, focusing primarily on unemployment and labor force participation rates among African American youth. Studies the impact of structural unemployment, racial discrimination, and immigration on…

Hunter, Herbert M.

1990-01-01

301

Sleeping Beauty Redefined: African American Girls in Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the interests, perceptions, and participation of 16 African American girls in a program designed to improve girls' persistence in science, mathematics, and technology (SMT). The girls are among 33 African American and 73 total original participants in "Rural and Urban Images: Voices of Girls in Science, Mathematics, and…

Kusimo, Patricia S.

302

75 FR 32075 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8527 of May 28, 2010 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation Music can tell a story, assuage our sorrows...including the African- American community, music unites individuals through a shared...

2010-06-07

303

76 FR 32851 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8684 of May 31, 2011 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation The music of our Nation has always spoken to the...shared values. During African-American Music Appreciation Month, we honor the...

2011-06-07

304

20 African-Americans Your Students Should Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is more to Black History Month than honoring Martin Luther King Jr. Black History Month is a time to honor the significant contributions of African-Americans throughout history. This article presents 20 super-achievers new generation of African-Americans heroes students should meet: (1) Kimberly Oliver; (2) John Lewis; (3) Rita Dove; (4)…

Bardeen, Tara

2008-01-01

305

African-American Girls’ Dietary Intake while Watching Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Television viewing has been associated with childhood obesity, although the mechanisms that link television viewing to higher BMI have not been established. Therefore, our objectives, in this report, were to describe the amount and types of foods that African-American girls consume while watching television and to examine the associations between African-American girls’ BMI and the food they consume while

Donna M. Matheson; Yun Wang; Lisa M. Klesges; Bettina M. Beech; Helena C. Kraemer; Thomas N. Robinson

2004-01-01

306

Poverty, safety net programs, and African Americans' mental health.  

PubMed

African Americans' poverty and deep-poverty rates are higher than those of Whites, and African Americans' poverty spells last longer. Furthermore, nonpoor African Americans are especially likely to slip into poverty, and over the course of a lifetime, very many African Americans will experience poverty. Accordingly, African Americans are disproportionately likely to be assisted by safety net programs providing income support and health and social assistance. When mental health-related outcomes are assessed, U.S.-focused and international studies of safety net programs sometimes find that adults and children show a decline in symptoms of mental illness after participating. All things being equal, these improvements can disproportionately benefit African Americans' mental health. Safety net programs' mental health-related impact should be routinely assessed when evaluating the programs' economic and social outcomes and the impact they have on African Americans' mental health. Policy research of this kind can help us to understand whether these very large interventions show society-wide mental health-related improvement in the disproportionately large number of African Americans who participate in them. PMID:25486153

Snowden, Lonnie R

2014-11-01

307

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today's Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate that, although African American women do not need different skills sets than non-minority

Sharon K. Epps

2008-01-01

308

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today’s Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate that, although African American women do not need different skills sets than non-minority

Sharon K. Epps

2008-01-01

309

Department Summary GenEd Form African American Studies  

E-print Network

Rights Movement and beyond. AAS 262 African American History to 1865 Requesting Historical and Cultural from Reconstruction through the twentieth century. AAS 450 Prayer and Civil Rights New course for changes in the African American experience over time from slavery through reconstruction to the Civil

Vonessen, Nikolaus

310

Experiences of African American Empowerment: A Jamesian Perspective on Agency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay draws from the work of William James and three African American pragmatists, W.E.B. Du Bois, Ralph Ellison and Cornel West, to explore the moral relevance of the self as an empowered agent among African American youth. The focus is on Jamesian agency as a function of the individual's awareness of options in context, the self-empowerment…

Curtis-Tweed, Phyllis

2003-01-01

311

Homelessness: Its Impact on African American Children, Youth, and Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a 1991 study that collected descriptive data on over 209 African-American homeless children and youth in Seattle, Washington. A review of the literature indicates that disproportionate numbers of African-Americans are homeless. Discussion in the paper concerns risk factors and conditions that affect…

James, William H.; And Others

312

African American Parental Involvement in Their Children's Middle School Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence African American parents' involvement in their children's middle school experiences. Two focus group interviews were conducted with African American parents. While the participants viewed parent involvement as important, they reported that family structure and socioeconomic…

Archer-Banks, Diane A. M.; Behar-Horenstein, Linda S.

2008-01-01

313

Explaining the School Performance of African-American Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the hypothesis that African-American adolescents' school achievement is detrimentally influenced by their perception of a discriminatory "job ceiling" affecting their employment opportunities. Found that the more aware of discrimination the African American adolescents were, the less important they perceived academic achievement to be,…

Taylor, Ronald D.; And Others

1994-01-01

314

African-American Females: A Theory of Educational Aspiration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although 76% of African-American students graduate from high school, only 25% of these graduates enter institutions of higher education. A systematic analysis of the aspirations among African-American females for post-high-school education was conducted. Initial portions of the study focused on characteristics of support in the areas of familial…

Ponec, Debra L.

315

Lessons Learned: Research within an Urban, African American District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning-making, and self-definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race…

Scott, Kimberly Ann

2012-01-01

316

A Snapshot of African Americans in Higher Education. Mini Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recognition of national African-American History Month, the Institute for Higher Education Policy wishes to highlight the trends and present-day experiences of African-American college students. Recognizing that the society benefits tremendously from an educated citizenry, there must be a renewed commitment to ensuring educational opportunity,…

Institute for Higher Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

317

African American Men and College: Understanding How They Succeed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and Method of Study: This study used qualitative methods to discover the reasons and factors these African American men persisted to degree completion, while the large majority of this group fail. The participants for this study were eight African American males who have successfully graduated from an accredited, predominantly white…

Gilkey, Eschelle

2012-01-01

318

AAS 372: African American Identity Guidelines for Writing Assignments  

E-print Network

African American cultures; identity issues of "mixed-race" people; the effect of media stereotypes aboutAAS 372: African American Identity Guidelines for Writing Assignments General Overview topics in this course that are of interest to you. Many questions, issues, and topics will be raised

Vonessen, Nikolaus

319

Judgement Accuracy in Body Preferences among African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined whether African Americans accurately estimated levels of thinness preferred by the opposite gender. College students rated pictures of figures approximating their current figure, their ideal figure, the figure most likely to attract the opposite gender, and the opposite gender figure they found most attractive. African American women…

Patel, Kushal A.; Gray, James J.

2001-01-01

320

Plenary-AA : Cancer and the African American Experience  

Cancer.gov

The first plenary of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study: Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans explores the many factors that lead to inequalities in cancer care outcomes for African Americans.

321

Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.

322

The Relationship between African American Enculturation and Racial Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how predictive the Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS; B. J. Vandiver, W. E. Cross, F. C. Worrell, & P. Fhagen-Smith, 2002), a measure of Black racial identity, was of African American cultural practices, beliefs, and attitudes (i.e., enculturation) as measured by the African American Acculturation Scale-33 (H. Landrine & E.…

Cokley, Kevin; Helm, Katherine

2007-01-01

323

Comparison of knowledge and attitudes toward cancer among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: It has been noted that the African American population in the U.S. bears disproportionately higher cancer morbidity and mortality rates than any racial and ethnic group for most major cancers. Many studies also document that decreased longevity is associated with low educational attainment and other markers of low socioeconomic status (SES), both of which are prevalent in African American

Natalie Thurman; Camille Ragin; Dwight E Heron; Renae J Alford; Cecile Andraos-Selim; Cornelius Bondzi; Jamila A Butcher; Jamison C Coleman; Charity Glass; Barbara Klewien; Aerie T Minor; Diana J Williams; Emanuela Taioli

2009-01-01

324

African-American College Students' Perceptions Of Sexual Coercion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the phenomenon of sexual coercion has been studied extensively, little is known about African-American college students' perceptions about verbal sexual coercion. Using a phenomenological approach, the researchers conducted five focus group interviews with 39 African-American students (20 females, 19 males) at a large Midwestern university…

Mouzon, LaTonya D.; Battle, Alicia; Clark, Kevin P.; Coleman, Stephanie; Ogletree, Roberta J.

2005-01-01

325

Parental Attachments and Psychological Distress among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American college students attending predominately White institutions often encounter stressors that their Caucasian peers do not experience. Because of these unique stressors, African American students are more prone to experience psychological distress. Identifying factors that counteract psychological distress among these students is…

Love, Keisha McGhee

2008-01-01

326

African Americans Respond Poorly to Hepatitis C Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans have a significantly lower response rate to treatment for chronic hepatitis C than non-Hispanic Whites, according to a new study led by Duke University Medical Center researchers. Some African Americans--19 percent--did respond to the drug combination of peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin. But in non-Hispanic Whites with the…

Black Issues in Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

327

Board Books Featuring African Americans: Vanishing but Not Entirely Gone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of infant and toddler board books (books printed on heavy cardboard and laminated for durability) featuring African Americans and published from 1990 to 2002. Provides a brief overview of the development of board books in general, and suggests criteria for evaluating board books that feature African Americans in…

Mongo, Jonella A.

2002-01-01

328

HIV among African American Gay and Bisexual Men  

MedlinePLUS

... African American gay and bisexual men. For example, Socioeconomic factors. African Americans are more likely than men of other races/ethnicities to encounter factors—such as limited access to and use of quality health care, lower income and educational attainment, and higher ...

329

Jazz Consumption Among African Americans from 1982 to 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to answer two questions. First, who within the African American community is consuming jazz music? Second, are African American jazz consumers cultural snobs or cultural omnivores? Nationally representative data sets from the Cultural Policy and National Data Archives for the years 1982, 1992, 2002, and 2008 were used to answer these questions. Using classification and regression tree

Roderick Graham

2011-01-01

330

Race and gender in play practices: young African American males  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a study with young African American men, to gain a better understanding of the impacts of cultural and gender identity on play practices and to explore the relationship between cultural play practices and interest in computing. Our findings indicate that while young African American men play video games frequently, their objectives in playing may be

Betsy DiSalvo; Amy Bruckman

2010-01-01

331

Building on Strengths: Intergenerational Practice with African American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intergenerational kinship and multigenerational families (three or more generations) have been a source of strength for African Americans. This article presents a culturally responsive intergenerational practice model for working with African American families that draws on this legacy. The model looks at intergenerational kinship and…

Waites, Cheryl

2009-01-01

332

African American Perspectives and Informal Science Educational Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the perspectives of African American parents as it pertained to informal science education. The following questions guided this study: (1) What are the desires of African American parents/guardians with respect to informal science programs and experiences for their children?; (2) What happens in Jordan Academy, an…

Simpson, Jamila S.; Parsons, Eileen Carlton

2009-01-01

333

The College Life Experiences of African American Women Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study provides a descriptive analysis of four areas of African American women student athletes' college life experiences: academic performance; alienation and abuse; perceived social advantage as the result of athletics; and life satisfaction. Multivariate comparisons were made between the four areas of college life experiences of 154 African American women student athletes and 793 White women student athletes,

Robert M. Sellers; Gabriel P. Kuperminc; Alphonse Damas

1997-01-01

334

HIV Treatment in African Americans: Challenges and Opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the current standard of care for HIV infection as well as how health disparities in the HIV care of African Americans present challenges for both providers and patients. The potential side effects in these antiretroviral treatment regimens that may be a source of additional challenges in treating African Americans are highlighted. A brief review of these issues

Victoria A. Cargill; Valerie E. Stone; M. Renee Robinson

2004-01-01

335

Raising African American Student Achievement: California Goals, Local Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although academic performance is a concern, African American students represent less than 8 percent of California's K-12 students, and at times get lost in California policy debates about improving student performance. Findings of this study indicate that: (1) California's African American students are concentrated in relatively few counties and…

EdSource, 2008

2008-01-01

336

Food Group Categories of Low-Income African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Describe lay food group categories of low-income African American women and assess the overlap of lay food groups and MyPyramid food groups. Design: A convenience sample of African American mothers from a low-income Chicago neighborhood performed a card-sorting task in which they grouped familiar food items into food groups. Setting:…

Lynch, Elizabeth B.; Holmes, Shane

2011-01-01

337

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history…

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

338

The Classroom and the Community: African American Youth Speak Out.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In studying urban schools, researchers have identified several critical curriculum issues related to the miseducation and alienation of African American students. This paper looks at three such issues: the disconnection between the school curriculum and African American students' cultural backgrounds and environments (e.g., black dialect versus…

Clardy, Pauline; Cole-Robinson, Cynthia; Jones, Terrence O'C.; Michie, Gregory

339

African-American Grandmothers as Health Educators in the Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 18,000 adolescents die each year in the United States from bicycle, motorcycle, car, and truck accidents. This study sought to understand the role of African-American grandmothers as prevention-oriented health educators in the family. Full Model Fitted Regression Analyses were conducted on a sample of African-American grandmothers (N =…

Watson, Jeffrey A.; Randolph, Suzanne M.; Lyons, James L.

2005-01-01

340

Support Needs of Overweight African American Women for Weight Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To examine social support needs of obese and overweight African American women for weight loss. Methods: Focus groups were conducted with overweight and obese African American women. Data were analyzed using standard grounded theory text analysis. Results: Our middle-aged (45.7 years; SD = 12.6) women (N = 66) were interested in…

Thomas, Janet L.; Stewart, Diana W.; Lynam, Ian M.; Daley, Christine M.; Befort, Christie; Scherber, Robyn M.; Mercurio, Andrea E.; Okuyemi, Kolawole S.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

2009-01-01

341

Clustering of Risk Behaviours among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Individuals may engage in more than one risk behaviour at any given time. The extent to which risk behaviours cluster among African American adults has been largely unexplored. This study examined the prevalence and clustering of three risk behaviours among African American church members: smoking; low moderate-to-vigorous intensity…

Baruth, M.; Addy, C. L.; Wilcox, S.; Dowda, M.

2012-01-01

342

Culturally Competent Counseling for Religious and Spiritual African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religion and spirituality are deeply rooted in traditional African American culture. Data suggest that African American adolescents maintain higher baseline rates of religious activities and beliefs than their peers (Bachman, Johnston, & O'Malley, 2005; Smith, Faris, Denton, & Regnerus, 2003). Recognizing these data, this article examines…

Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Day-Vines, Norma L.

2008-01-01

343

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia Among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial to measure paranoia on a continuum, but few

Dennis R. Combs; David L. Penn; Jeffrey Cassisi; Chris Michael; Terry Wood; Jill Wanner; Scott Adams

2006-01-01

344

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial…

Combs, Dennis R.; Penn, David L.; Cassisi, Jeffrey; Michael, Chris; Wood, Terry; Wanner, Jill; Adams, Scott

2006-01-01

345

Indigenous Systems within the African-American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the African-American family, life ain't been no crystal stair. The African-American family has trotted for over 400 years through a wilderness of racism, poverty, discrimination of all kinds, crossing seas of monsters and forests of demons. Yet, despite the numerous obstacles and attacks that society has mounted against it since slavery, the…

Marbley, Aretha Faye; Rouson, Leon

2011-01-01

346

Environmental Attitudes and Information Sources Among African American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author examined the environmental attitudes of African American college students by using the 15-item New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) Scale. The author also attempted to determine their everyday environmental behaviors such as recycling and conservation and investigated major information sources for local, national, and international environmental issues. In general, African American college students were modestly proenvironmental, as determined by the

E. Bun Lee

2008-01-01

347

Relationships Among Obesity, Inflammation, and Insulin Resistance in African Americans and West Africans  

PubMed Central

Several research studies in different populations indicate that inflammation may be the link between obesity and insulin resistance (IR). However, this relationship has not been adequately explored among African Americans, an ethnic group with disproportionately high rates of obesity and IR. In this study, we conducted a comparative study of the relationship among adiposity, inflammation, and IR in African Americans and West Africans, the ancestral source population for African Americans. The associations between obesity markers (BMI and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)), inflammatory markers (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), haptoglobin, interleukin (IL)-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-?), and IR (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMAIR)) were evaluated in 247 West Africans and 315 African Americans. In average, African Americans were heavier than the West Africans (by an average of 1.6 BMI units for women and 3 BMI units for men). Plasma hsCRP, haptoglobin, and IL-6 (but not TNF-? level) were higher in African Americans than in West Africans. In both populations, BMI was associated with markers of inflammation and with HOMAIR, and these associations remained significant after adjusting for sex and age. However, the pattern of associations between measured inflammatory markers and IR was different between the two groups. In West Africans, hsCRP was the only inflammatory marker associated with IR. In contrast, hsCRP, haptoglobin, and IL-6 were all associated with IR in African Americans. Interestingly, none of the associations between markers of inflammation and IR remained significant after adjusting for BMI. This finding suggests that in African Americans, the relationship between inflammatory markers and IR is mediated by adiposity. PMID:19798069

Doumatey, Ayo P.; Lashley, Kerrie S.; Huang, Hanxia; Zhou, Jie; Chen, Guanjie; Amoah, Albert; Agyenim-Boateng, Kofi; Oli, Johnnie; Fasanmade, Olufemi; Adebamowo, Clement A.; Adeyemo, Adebowale A.; Rotimi, Charles N.

2014-01-01

348

The Experiences of African Americans and Euro-Americans with Multiple Sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the experiences of 76 Euro-Americans and 24 African Americans who have multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic neurological disease which affects 250,000–350,000 Americans. Although the majority of people with MS are young to middle-aged women of Northern European origin, African Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans also have MS. This qualitative study explores the impact of race

Christine A. Loveland

1999-01-01

349

An Examination of Elementary School Teachers' Belief about Their African American Students with an Analysis of Selected Characteristics of Schools in One Urban School District  

E-print Network

Indicator System (AEIS). The results of the MANOVA revealed a significant difference among the teacher ethnic groups only with Cultural Sensitivity. Further tests revealed the difference in Cultural Sensitivity, which could be explained by ethnicity...

Marrero, Otoniel

2010-10-12

350

African Americans, hypertension and the renin angiotensin system  

PubMed Central

African Americans have exceptionally high rates of hypertension and hypertension related complications. It is commonly reported that the blood pressure lowering efficacy of renin angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors is attenuated in African Americans due to a greater likelihood of having a low renin profile. Therefore these agents are often not recommended as initial therapy in African Americans with hypertension. However, the high prevalence of comorbid conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease makes treatment with RAS inhibitors more compelling. Despite lower circulating renin levels and a less significant fall in blood pressure in response to RAS inhibitors in African Americans, numerous clinical trials support the efficacy of RAS inhibitors to improve clinical outcomes in this population, especially in those with hypertension and risk factors for cardiovascular and related diseases. Here, we discuss the rationale of RAS blockade as part of a comprehensive approach to attenuate the high rates of premature morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension among African Americans. PMID:25276290

Williams, Sandra F; Nicholas, Susanne B; Vaziri, Nosratola D; Norris, Keith C

2014-01-01

351

Stroke Risk Factor Profiles in African American Women An Interim Report From the African-American Antiplatelet Stroke Prevention Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—If sex differences in stroke risk factor profiles exist among African Americans in the United States, prevention strategies will need to reflect those differences. African Americans and women have been underrepresented in stroke prevention studies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether medical and lifestyle factors differ among women and men who have enrolled in the

Bradford B. Worrall; Karen C. Johnston; Gail Kongable; Elena Hung; DeJuran Richardson; Philip B. Gorelick

352

Correlates of African American Men's Sexual Schemas  

PubMed Central

Sexual schemas are cognitive representations of oneself as a sexual being and aid in the processing of sexually relevant information. We examined the relationship between sociosexuality (attitudes about casual sex), masculine ideology (attitudes toward traditional men and male roles), and cultural centrality (strength of identity with racial group) as significant psychosocial and sociocultural predictors in shaping young, heterosexual African American men's sexual schemas. A community sample (n=133) of men in a southeastern city of the United States completed quantitative self-report measures examining their attitudes and behavior related to casual sex, beliefs about masculinity, racial and cultural identity, and self-views of various sexual aspects of themselves. Results indicated that masculine ideology and cultural centrality were both positively related to men's sexual schemas. Cultural centrality explained 12 % of the variance in level of sexual schema, and had the strongest correlation of the predictor variables with sexual schema (r=.36). The need for more attention to the bidirectional relationships between masculinity, racial/cultural identity, and sexual schemas in prevention, intervention, and public health efforts for African American men is discussed. PMID:24031118

Morales, Dawn A.; Coyne-Beasley, Tamera; St. Lawrence, Janet

2013-01-01

353

Marriage Among African Americans: What Does the Research Reveal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reveals that African Americans are the least likely to marry, when they marry, they do so later and spend less\\u000a time married than White Americans, and they are the least likely to stay married. Factors contributing to the marriage status\\u000a of African Americans include structural, cultural, individual and interactive factors. Structural factors include the disparity\\u000a in sex ratios

Patricia Dixon

2009-01-01

354

Female and Relationship Devaluation among African American and Latino American Youth: Is What's Normal Really Normal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study used focus group interviews to examine beliefs and social norms regarding female and relationship devaluation among a sample of economically challenged male African American and Latino American youth (N = 57; aged 15–17 years). Most Latino boys felt women are devalued in relationships because Latina women like to be physically or verbally abused. Among African American male

Ronald Peters; Regina Jones Johnson; Charles Savage; Angela Meshack; Paula Espinoza; Troy Jefferson

2010-01-01

355

African American and European American Mothers' Beliefs About Negative Emotions and Emotion Socialization Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The authors examined mothers’ beliefs about their children's negative emotions and their emotion socialization practices. Design. A total of 65 African American and 137 European American mothers of 5-year-old children reported their beliefs and typical responses to children's negative emotions, and mothers’ emotion teaching practices were observed. Results. African American mothers reported that the display of negative emotions was

Jackie A. Nelson; Esther M. Leerkes; Marion OBrien; Susan D. Calkins; Stuart Marcovitch

2012-01-01

356

Attachment Style Differences and Depression in African American and European American College Women: Normative Adaptations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined ethnic differences in attachment styles and depression among African American and European American college women. African American women reported less favorable views of others, which suggests that attachment styles emphasizing caution in relationships may be normative and adaptive for these women. There were no differences…

Cooley, Eileen L.; Garcia, Amber L.

2012-01-01

357

A Smoking Cessation Project for African American Women: Implications for Relational Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smoking cessation among African Americans is a primary health objective for the nation. African American women are more likely than their counterparts to have a high dependency upon nicotine. Studies with African American women report lower quit rates than those for whites. A culturally sensitive pilot project was designed for African American women to investigate smoking, perception of family environment

Suzanne Midori Hanna; Patricia W. Walker; Jerome F. Walker; Jacalyn A. Claes; Cheryl K. Stewart; Ann M. Swank; L. Jane Goldsmith

2003-01-01

358

The English History of African American English. Language and Society Series; 28.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays on the history of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) include: an introduction to the evolution of AAVE within the African American diaspora (Shana Poplack); "Rephrasing the Copula: Contraction and Zero in Early African American English" (James A. Walker); "Reconstructing the Source of Early African American English Plural Marking: A…

Poplack, Shana, Ed.

359

African American Culture and Heritage in Higher Education Research and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen papers examine the cultural context and history of African Americans in higher education research and practice. Papers are grouped in three parts: African American culture in higher education research; African American higher education research issues and paradigms; and African American culture and higher education policy and practice.…

Freeman, Kassie, Ed.

360

Communication Development and Disorders in African American Children: Research, Assessment, and Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of papers on language development and African-American children includes: "The Challenges of Conducting Language Research with African American Children" (Holly K. Craig); "Issues in Recruiting African American Participants for Research" (Joyce L. Harris); "Issues in Assessing the Language Abilities of African American Children"…

Kamhi, Alan G., Ed.; And Others

361

Gender-Based Salary Differences in African American Senior Student Affairs Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study examined representation and salary differences related to gender for African American Senior Student Affairs Officers (SSAOs). Data from a national survey revealed gender and institutional size significantly affect mean SSAO salary for African American respondents. African American women SSAOs make significantly less than African American

Reason, Robert D.

2003-01-01

362

The Professional Preparation of African American Graduate Students: A Student Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even though growth relationships include traditional aspects of academic mentoring, without emphasizing personal development, professional growth is incomplete. Most African American faculty are overloaded with teaching, research, and advising responsibilities and, therefore, are unable to adequately mentor African American graduate students without jeopardizing their careers. Non–African Americans can provide adequate mentoring to African American students; however, because of the lack

Katrina L. Walker; Gary Wright; Jerome H. Hanley

2001-01-01

363

Oxford African American Studies Center: Focus on Women and Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Oxford African American Studies Center has created this website to house its comprehensive collection of scholarship documenting the many and varied experiences that make up African and African American history and culture. Along with over 10,000 articles, 2,500 images, and 200 maps, the site features an excellent "Focus On" series each month, in which the editors compile various short articles, picture essays, and links on a designated topic. The Focus on Women and Literature is particularly noteworthy. Here, visitors can explore the life and works of influential women in American literature, from Phillis Wheatley to Toni Morrison. The site can be easily navigated by subject or by specific biography, with suggestions for related sources and content provided in each section. Additionally, curious visitors will find links to all of the previously featured subjects within the series, ranging from African Americans in Science and Technology to Black Homesteading in the American Western Frontier.

364

African American renal transplant recipients benefit from early corticosteroid withdrawal under modern immunosuppression.  

PubMed

African Americans have historically been considered high-risk renal transplant recipients due to increased rejection rates and reduced long-term graft survival. Modern immunosuppression has reduced rejections and improved graft survival in African Americans and may allow successful corticosteroid withdrawal. Outcomes in 56 African Americans were compared to 56 non-African Americans enrolled in early withdrawal protocols. Results are reported as African American versus non-African American. Acute rejection at 1 year was 23% and 18% (P = NS), while patient and graft survival was 96% versus 98% and 91% versus 91% (P = NS), respectively. In conclusion, early withdrawal in African Americans is associated with acceptable rejection rates and excellent patient and graft survival, indicating that the risks and benefits of early withdrawal are similar between African Americans and non-African Americans. Additional followup is needed to determine long-term renal function, graft survival, and cardiovascular risk in African Americans with early steroid withdrawal. PMID:15848541

Boardman, R E; Alloway, R R; Alexander, J W; Buell, J F; Cardi, M; First, M R; Hanaway, M T; Munda, R; Rogers, C C; Roy-Chaudhury, P; Susskind, B; Trofe, J; Woodle, E S

2005-03-01

365

Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Profiled here are African American men and women who have contributed to the advancement of science and engineering. The accomplishments of the past and present can serve as pathfinders to present and future engineers and scientists. African American chemists, biologists, inventors, engineers, and mathematicians have contributed in both large and small ways that can be overlooked when chronicling the history of science. By describing the scientific history of selected African American men and women we can see how the efforts of individuals have advanced human understanding in the world around us.

Mitchell C Brown (University of California- Irvine)

1995-01-01

366

African American teens and the neo-juvenile justice system.  

PubMed

African American youth continue to be overrepresented in the juvenile justice system. As a result of the current political environment and the perceived increase in crime among young people, the nation has moved away from rehabilitation and toward harsher treatment of delinquents. The African American community must encourage policy makers and community leaders to continue to address the disproportionate representation of African American youth in the system. Current policing and prosecutorial policies must also be examined and challenged to end the perception of an unjust system. PMID:12413108

Rozie-Battle, Judith L

2002-01-01

367

Under the shadow of Tuskegee: African Americans and health care.  

PubMed Central

The Tuskegee Syphilis Study continues to cast its long shadow on the contemporary relationship between African Americans and the biomedical community. Numerous reports have argued that the Tuskegee Syphilis Study is the most important reason why many African Americans distrust the institutions of medicine and public health. Such an interpretation neglects a critical historical point: the mistrust predated public revelations about the Tuskegee study. This paper places the syphilis study within a broader historical and social context to demonstrate that several factors have influenced--and continue to influence--African American's attitudes toward the biomedical community. PMID:9366634

Gamble, V N

1997-01-01

368

What Women Need to Know about Breast Cancer - African American  

Cancer.gov

Yet, in 2013, more than 27,000 African American women will be diagnosed with breast cancer. The disease is the most common cancer among this group. And although African American women are less likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer than white women, those African American women who do develop the disease are more likely to die from it (more than 6,000 were projected to die in 2013) than women of any other racial or ethnic group in the United States.

369

African and Arab American Achievement Motivation: Effects of Minority Membership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The association between ethnic group identification, attributional style, and the use of self-protective attributions with respect to self-esteem, academic achievement and motivation among ethnically diverse adolescents was examined. Participants in the study included 422 African American, 90 Arab American, and 194 European American high school…

Kovach, Bernadette S.; Hillman, Stephen B.

370

African-American Women: Online Archival Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University has a wealth of digitized materials related to African American women. This particular collection brings together three noteworthy collections: Elizabeth Johnson Harris: Life Story; Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson: Slave Letters; and Vilet Lester Letter. This last item is particularly noteworthy as it is a very rare item indeed: a letter written by a female slave. The Elizabeth Johnson Harris: A Life Story area brings together the full text of her memories, along with several poems and vignettes published in various newspapers in her lifetime. She was born in 1867 to parents who had been slaves, and the memoir includes information about her own childhood and the importance of religion and education in her life. Finally, the last section brings together letters written by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson to their mistresses and other slave family members in Abingdon, Virginia.

2011-11-11

371

Engaging depressed African American adolescents in treatment: lessons from the AAKOMA PROJECT.  

PubMed

The authors describe and illustrate means of engaging depressed African American adolescents in treatment. Twenty-eight youth participated in focus groups or individual interviews. Using grounded theory and transcript based analysis, they derived 5 themes describing African American adolescents' experience of depression and suggested mechanisms for improving African American youth treatment engagement. Practitioners can educate African American youth about depression as a medical disorder, build trust, and apply innovative approaches to recognizing differential manifestations of depression in African American youth. PMID:20564682

Breland-Noble, Alfiee M; Burriss, Antoinette; Poole, H Kathy

2010-08-01

372

Parenting Needs of Urban, African American Fathers.  

PubMed

Fathers play a critical role in children's development; similarly, fatherhood positively affects men's health. Among the larger population of fathers relatively little is known about the parenting knowledge of urban, African American fathers. Focusing on urban, African American fathers, the objectives of this study were to (1) understand the primary sources from which fathers learn about parenting, (2) determine where and how fathers prefer to receive future parenting education, and (3) explore the information perceived as most valuable to fathers and how this compares with the recommended anticipatory guidance (Bright Futures-based) delivered during well visits. Five focus groups, with a total of 21 participants, were conducted with urban fathers at a community-based organization. Study eligibility included being more than18 years old, English speaking, and having at least one child 0 to 5 years old. During the focus groups, fathers were asked where they received parenting information, how and where they preferred to receive parenting information, and what they thought about Bright Futures parenting guidelines. Fathers most commonly described receiving parenting information from their own relatives rather than from their child's health care provider. Most fathers preferred to learn parenting from a person rather than a technology-based source and expressed interest in learning more about parenting at community-based locations. Although fathers viewed health care providers' role as primarily teaching about physical health, they valued Bright Futures anticipatory guidance about parenting. Fathers valued learning about child rearing, health, and development. Augmenting physician counseling about Bright Futures with community-based parenting education may be beneficial for fathers. PMID:25147096

Smith, Tyler K; Tandon, S Darius; Bair-Merritt, Megan H; Hanson, Janice L

2014-08-20

373

African-American college student attitudes toward physics and their effect on achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting the attitudes that African-American college students have towards introductory college physics. The population targeted for this study consisted of African-American males and females enrolled in introductory college physics classes at an urban public historical black college or university (HBCU) located in the southeastern United States. Nine of the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitude Scales, modified for physics, were used to analyze the attitudes of the 135 participants enrolled in an introductory college physics class. The nine scales used to measure the students' attitudes were Attitude Toward Success in Physics Scale (AS), The Physics as a Male Domain Scale (MD), The Mother Scale (M), The Father Scale (F), The Teacher Scale (T), The Confidence in Learning Physics Scale (C), The Physics Anxiety Scale (A), The Effectance Motivation Scale in Physics (E), and The Physics Usefulness Scale (U). Hypothesis I states that there is a significant difference in the domain scores of African-American college students in the Fennema-Sherman Math Attitudes Scales adapted for physics. It was found using a repeated measures ANOVA that there was a significant difference between the attitudes of African-Americans on the nine attitude scales of the Fennema-Sherman Math Attitude Scales, F(8,992) = 43.09, p < .001. Hypothesis II states that there is a statistically significant difference in domain scores between African-American males and African-American females in the Fennema-Sherman Attitude Scales. It was found using a MANOVA that there was not a significant difference between the domain scores of African-American males and African-American females, F(8, 116) = .38, p > .05. Hypothesis III states that there is a statistically significant relationship between attitude towards physics and achievement for African-American students. The students with good attitudes toward physics would have a higher level of achievement. The multiple linear regression analysis revealed that there was a significant relationship between a good attitude toward physics and achievement in the class. The result of the analysis implied that 18.9% of the grade could be explained by the domain scales.

Drake, Carl Timothy

374

South African Teacher Voices: Recurring Resistances and Reconstructions for Teacher Education and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will focus on the shifts in discourses about teacher education and teacher voice within the South African research and policy environment over the last four decades. The alignment of the political and educational agenda in providing resistance to the apartheid system culminated in 1994, the start of the new democracy. The preceding…

Samuel, Michael

2014-01-01

375

Facts about Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.) for African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... About Peripheral Arterial Disease (P.A.D.) for African Americans One in every 20 Americans over the age ... stroke. P.A.D. is more common in African Americans than any other racial or ethnic group. This ...

376

African American Men and Prostate Cancer: Be Your Own Advocate and Understand Screening  

MedlinePLUS

AFRICAN AMERICAN MEN AND PROSTATE CANCER: BE YOUR OWN ADVOCATE AND UNDERSTAND SCREENING By the National Cancer Institute ... American men. For reasons that are still unknown, African American men are more likely to get prostate cancer ...

377

Correlates of Adherence to a Physical Activity Program in Young African-American Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The goal was to identify correlates of adherence to a structured physical activity (PA) program.Research Methods and Procedures: Subjects were 136 8- to 12-year-old African-American girls. Potential correlates at baseline were: 1) fitness index (FI: % body fat from DXA and cardiovascular fitness from treadmill test), and 2) self-esteem, anxiety, attitude to school and teachers, relationship with parents, and

Christian R. Lemmon; David A. Ludwig; Cheryl A. Howe; Ayanay Ferguson-Smith; Paule Barbeau

2007-01-01

378

Predictors of Psychological Health among Rural-Residing African Americans  

E-print Network

The current study examined whether obesity contributed significantly to the prediction of depression and health status independent of other relevant factors such as sex, age, and perceived racism in a sample of 198 African Americans residing within...

Cook, Helene

2012-10-19

379

African American Women's Breastfeeding Experiences: Cultural, Personal, and Political Voices.  

PubMed

The low rate of breastfeeding among African American women in the United States is a poorly understood, persistent disparity. Our purpose in this study was to gain an understanding of how African American women experience breastfeeding in the context of their day-to-day lives. The Sequential-Consensual Qualitative Design (SCQD), a 3-stage qualitative methodology aimed at exploring the cultural, personal, and political context of phenomena, was used to explore the experiences of African American women who felt successful with breastfeeding. An integration of qualitative content analysis and Black feminist theory was used to analyze the data. Themes that emerged from Stage-2 data analysis included self-determination, spirituality and breastfeeding, and empowerment. In Stage 3 of the study, participant recommendations regarding breastfeeding promotion and support initiatives for African American breastfeeding were categorized into three themes, including engaging spheres of influence, sparking breastfeeding activism, and addressing images of the sexual breast vs. the nurturing breast. PMID:25288408

Spencer, Becky; Wambach, Karen; Domain, Elaine Williams

2014-10-01

380

Urban Latino African American Cancer (ULAAC) Disparities Project  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Disparities Research Partnership Programs (CDRP) January 18, 2008 Urban Latino African American Cancer (ULAAC) Disparities Project Michael L. Steinberg, MD, FACR, FASTRO Principal Investigator David C. Khan, MD Co-Principal Investigator Nicole C.

381

75 FR 6081 - National African American History Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...African Americans who overcame injustice and inequality to achieve financial independence and the...remnants of past discrimination. Structural inequalities--from disparities in education and health care to the vicious cycle of...

2010-02-05

382

Lung Cancer and African Americans: Know the Facts  

MedlinePLUS

December 2012 Lung Cancer and African Americans: Know the Facts By the National Cancer Institute First, the bad news. Lung cancer kills ... the facts? ? Smoking is the primary cause of lung cancer. Not smoking is the best way to prevent ...

383

Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer: Information for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer: Information for African Americans. This article addresses myths about skin cancer and discusses how everyone can protect their skin. It also introduces an NCI publication for minorities: Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer.

384

Preparing African American Counselor Education Students for the Professorate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to highlight the underrepresentation of African American faculty in CACREP-Accredited counseling programs and to discuss ways of creating and sustaining a pipeline of potential counselor educators for the academy. (Contains 1 table.)

Johnson, Phillip D.; Bradley, Carla R.; Knight, Donald E.; Bradshaw, Elizabeth S.

2007-01-01

385

African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congressâ??s â??African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenshipâ?ť exhibition celebrates African American history over nine time periods, ranging from 18th century slavery to the Civil Rights era. This thorough collection includes over 240 books, government documents, maps, musical scores, films, and plays, supplemented with relevant historical explanations and contexts. Viewers can peruse through more than two hundred years of historical documents to better understand the African American quest for equality in the face of adversity. All available for review online, the collection features a key-word search for more efficient learning and researching. Through easy browsing of original documents, such as letters Frederick Douglass wrote during the Civil War, users are able to get a better historical perspective on the unique development of African American culture.

2008-01-01

386

Cultural Identification and Academic Achievement among African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between intercultural perceptions, identity, and academic achievement among African American males. Specifically, this study investigated the relationship of academic achievement, cultural mistrust, oppositional cultural attitudes, ethnic identity development and educational outcome expectations and value,…

Irving, Miles Anthony; Hudley, Cynthia

2008-01-01

387

Transgenerational Consequences of Racial Discrimination for African American Health  

PubMed Central

Disparities in African American health remain pervasive and persist transgenerationally. There is a growing consensus that both structural and interpersonal racial discrimination are key mechanisms affecting African American health. The Biopsychosocial Model of Racism as a Stressor posits that the persistent stress of experiencing discrimination take a physical toll on the health of African Americans and is ultimately manifested in the onset of illness. However, the degree to which the health consequences of racism and discrimination can be passed down from one generation to the next is an important avenue of exploration. In this review, we discuss and link literature across disciplines demonstrating the harmful impact of racism on African American physical health and the health of their offspring. PMID:24855488

Goosby, Bridget J.; Heidbrink, Chelsea

2014-01-01

388

Adolescent Alcohol Use in Context: The Role of Parents and Peers Among African American and European American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American youth are less likely to use alcohol than their European American counterparts; however, the greater consequences of use for African American youth highlight the need for greater research attention to this group. Two social contexts that have been linked with adolescent alcohol use are parents and peers, yet these studies have rarely included African American youth or failed

Deborah J. Jones; Andrea M. Hussong; Jennifer Manning; Emma Sterrett

2008-01-01

389

Parental racial socialization as a moderator of the effects of racial discrimination on educational success among African American adolescents.  

PubMed

This study investigated whether parental racial socialization practices moderated the relation between racial discrimination in school and adolescents' educational outcomes. Using data from a longitudinal study of an economically diverse sample of 630 African American adolescents (mean age=14.5) from a major East Coast metropolis, the results revealed that cultural socialization attenuated the effect of teacher discrimination on grade point average (GPA) and educational aspirations, as well as the effect of peer discrimination on GPA. Also, preparation for bias and cultural socialization interacted to make unique contributions to African American adolescents' educational outcomes. Finally, there was some evidence that teacher discrimination was more detrimental to the academic engagement of African American males than females. Implications for research and practice are discussed. PMID:22717004

Wang, Ming-Te; Huguley, James P

2012-01-01

390

African American Women and Eating Disturbances: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 18 studies were reviewed to investigate the relationship between ethnicity and eating disturbances, focusing on the relationship between African American and white women. Although white women had more risk of eating disturbances, the effect size was small. White women had slightly more risk for all eating disturbances combined. African

O'Neill, Shannon K.

2003-01-01

391

Sweet Words So Brave: The Story of African American Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This illustrated book introduces readers to African American literature by telling the story of the men and women who contributed to this body of work. The book begins by recounting the Africans' journey into slavery and how they kept their stories alive by telling them to one another, and by handing them down from generation to generation.…

Brodie, James Michael; Curry, Barbara K.

392

ASHE: Improvisation & Recycling in African-American Visionary Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exhibition guide provides critical analysis, historical perspective, and brief biographies of 15 self-taught African-American artists whose works were displayed. "Ashe," an African word meaning "the power to make things happen," was used as the theme of the exhibition. The guide verbalizes the exhibit's investigation of the methods of making…

Patterson, Tom

393

The School Counselor's Role in Addressing the Advanced Placement Equity and Excellence Gap for African-American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the collaboration among a school counselor, a school counselor intern, an Advanced Placement Psychology teacher, and a counselor educator to improve African-American access to Advanced Placement (AP) coursework and increase success on the AP Psychology national examination. The team initiated a process that recruited African

Davis, Pamela; Davis, Michael P.; Mobley, Jerry A.

2014-01-01

394

Depressive Symptoms and Diabetes Control in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of African Americans with diabetes investigated: (1) the relationship between depressive symptoms and glycemic\\u000a control; (2) the relationship between depressive symptoms and long-term diabetes complications; (3) the relationship between\\u000a depressive symptoms and medication usage; and (4) the effects of demographic and diabetes variables on these relationships.\\u000a One-hundred twenty five African American diabetic adults who were attending health fairs

Julie A. Wagner; Gina L. Abbott; Alicia Heapy; Lynne Yong

2009-01-01

395

Measuring Sustained Mammography Use By Urban African-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the numbers of African-American women who are ‘ever’ screened for breast cancer has increased, sustaining regular screening over a lifetime remains a problem. Face-to-face interviews about breast cancer screening were conducted with 576 African-American women from an east coast city. The well-screened index measuring adherence to breast cancer screening guidelines was developed and tested. This index incorporated a woman’s

Amanda L. Greene; Celeste M. Torio; Ann C. Klassen

2005-01-01

396

African Americans in clinical trials. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

This paper reviews strategies that could help improve African-American recruitment to clinical trials. The author provides recommendations on how to involve sponsors, recruitment teams, clinical research organizations, patient research organizations’ vendors, project managers, and local site investigators in this effort. Lack of interest and trust in research can be addressed through patient and community education. African Americans should be encouraged to opt into a database or referral list for clinical trials.

397

Early Literacy Skills in African-American Children: Research Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The poor reading achievement of African- American children in urban schools is well established. African-American children from low-income homes may be at particular risk for reading difficulties, al- though middle-income children often fare poorly as well. Intervention efforts have focused on children in kindergarten through fifth grade. This article suggests that prevention efforts must begin prior to kindergarten entry. Several

Julie A. Washington

2001-01-01

398

Comparison of knowledge and attitudes toward cancer among African Americans  

PubMed Central

Background It has been noted that the African American population in the U.S. bears disproportionately higher cancer morbidity and mortality rates than any racial and ethnic group for most major cancers. Many studies also document that decreased longevity is associated with low educational attainment and other markers of low socioeconomic status (SES), both of which are prevalent in African American communities across the nation. Evidence suggests that this phenomenon may be due to attitudes that reflect a lack of knowledge surrounding facts about cancer awareness and prevention. This study was designed to yield data concerning the general population's attitudes toward cancer, taking into consideration racial and/or socioeconomic differences in the population studied. Results Two hundred and fifteen subjects participated in the survey, of which 74% (159/215) defined themselves as African-American, 20% were White, and 6% were of other races. While only 38% of the study population was able to identify at least 5 risk factors associated with cancer, a lower proportion of African Americans identified at least 5 risk factors than whites (34% vs. 53%, p = 0.03). In addition, a slightly higher percentage of African Americans (10%) were not aware of the definition of a clinical trial when compared to whites (8%, p > 0.1). Of those aware of the definition of a clinical trial, African Americans were more reluctant to participate in clinical trials, with 53% answering no to participation compared to 15% of whites (p = 0.002). Conclusion When comparing results to a similar study conducted in 1981, a slight increase in cancer knowledge in the African American population was observed. Our results suggest that while knowledge of cancer facts has increased over the years amongst the general population, African Americans and lower income populations are still behind. This may affect their risk profile and cancer early detection. PMID:19208206

Thurman, Natalie; Ragin, Camille; Heron, Dwight E; Alford, Renae J; Andraos-Selim, Cecile; Bondzi, Cornelius; Butcher, Jamila A; Coleman, Jamison C; Glass, Charity; Klewien, Barbara; Minor, Aerie T; Williams, Diana J; Taioli, Emanuela

2009-01-01

399

Delayed first pregnancy among African-American adolescent smokers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study aimed to compare rates of adolescent pregnancy among African-American adolescents who began smoking as adolescents with those who did not.Methods: Cross-sectional data on 1042 primiparous African-American women enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of nurse home visitation were examined. The independent variable, adolescent smoking, was defined as a report of smoking before the age of 18 years.

Kevin Fiscella; Harriet J. Kitzman; Robert E. Cole; Kimberly Sidora; David Olds

1998-01-01

400

Lessons learned: research within an urban, African American district  

Microsoft Academic Search

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning?making, and self?definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race theory, and Black feminist theory to deconstruct how race–gender–social class informed my own field

Kimberly Ann Scott

2011-01-01

401

Lessons learned: research within an urban, African American district  

Microsoft Academic Search

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning?making, and self?definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race theory, and Black feminist theory to deconstruct how race–gender–social class informed my own field

Kimberly Ann Scott

2012-01-01

402

Recruitment and Retention of African-American Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fewer than 10 percent of the management positions in the restaurant and lodging industries are occupied by African-Americans, and of those positions that are, most are at the low and middle levels rather than at the top levels of management. This qualitative study of seven U.S. top-level African-American general managers describes the challenges, shortcomings, and opportunities involved in recruitment, retention,

Reuben O. Charles; Ken W. McCleary

1997-01-01

403

Behavioral treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans with obsessive-compulsive disorder are underrepresented in behavioral treatment outcome studies. This paper consists of a clinical discussion of issues arising during the treatment with exposure plus response prevention of two African-American women with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Clinical issues, such as excessive shame, insanity fears, and a sense of uniqueness, complicated the treatment process. However, both clients made significant improvement

K. Elaine Williams; Dianne L. Chambless; Gail Steketee

1998-01-01

404

Diet, microbiota, and microbial metabolites in colon cancer risk in rural Africans and African Americans1234  

PubMed Central

Background: Epidemiologic studies have suggested that most cases of sporadic colon cancer can be attributed to diet. The recognition that colonic microbiota have a major influence on colonic health suggests that they might mediate colonic carcinogenesis. Objective: To examine the hypothesis that the influence of diet on colon cancer risk is mediated by the microbiota through their metabolites, we measured differences in colonic microbes and their metabolites in African Americans with a high risk and in rural native Africans with a low risk of colon cancer. Design: Fresh fecal samples were collected from 12 healthy African Americans aged 50–65 y and from 12 age- and sex-matched native Africans. Microbiomes were analyzed with 16S ribosomal RNA gene pyrosequencing together with quantitative polymerase chain reaction of the major fermentative, butyrate-producing, and bile acid–deconjugating bacteria. Fecal short-chain fatty acids were measured by gas chromatography and bile acids by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. Results: Microbial composition was fundamentally different, with a predominance of Prevotella in native Africans (enterotype 2) and of Bacteroides in African Americans (enterotype 1). Total bacteria and major butyrate-producing groups were significantly more abundant in fecal samples from native Africans. Microbial genes encoding for secondary bile acid production were more abundant in African Americans, whereas those encoding for methanogenesis and hydrogen sulfide production were higher in native Africans. Fecal secondary bile acid concentrations were higher in African Americans, whereas short-chain fatty acids were higher in native Africans. Conclusion: Our results support the hypothesis that colon cancer risk is influenced by the balance between microbial production of health-promoting metabolites such as butyrate and potentially carcinogenic metabolites such as secondary bile acids. PMID:23719549

Ou, Junhai; Carbonero, Franck; Zoetendal, Erwin G; DeLany, James P; Wang, Mei; Newton, Keith; Gaskins, H Rex

2013-01-01

405

Accuracy of the diagnosis of hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans: A report from the African American Study of Kidney Disease (AASK) Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accuracy of the diagnosis of hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans: A report from the African American Study of Kidney Disease (AASK) Trial. African Americans have excess hypertension and end-stage renal disease presumed due to hypertension compared to Caucasians. The AASK was designed to examine the impact of antihypertensive therapies and two levels of blood pressure control on the rate of

Agnes Fogo; Julia A Breyer; Michael C Smith; William H Cleveland; Lawrence Agodoa; Katharine A Kirk; Richard Glassock

1997-01-01

406

African American leadership groups: smoking with the enemy  

PubMed Central

Background: Among all racial and ethnic groups in the USA, African Americans bear the greatest burden from tobacco related disease. The tobacco industry has been highly influential in the African American community for decades, providing funding and other resources to community leaders and emphasising publicly its support for civil rights causes and groups, while ignoring the negative health effects of its products on those it claims to support. However, the industry's private business reasons for providing such support were unknown. Objective: To understand how and for what purposes the tobacco industry sought to establish and maintain relationships with African American leaders. Methods: Review and analysis of over 700 previously secret internal tobacco industry documents available on the internet. Results: The tobacco industry established relationships with virtually every African American leadership organisation and built longstanding social connections with the community, for three specific business reasons: to increase African American tobacco use, to use African Americans as a frontline force to defend industry policy positions, and to defuse tobacco control efforts. Conclusion: As the tobacco industry expands its global reach, public health advocates should anticipate similar industry efforts to exploit the vulnerabilities of marginalised groups. The apparent generosity, inclusion, and friendship proffered by the industry extract a price from groups in the health of their members. Helping groups anticipate such efforts, confront industry co-optation, and understand the hidden costs of accepting tobacco industry largesse should be part of worldwide tobacco control efforts. PMID:12432159

Yerger, V; Malone, R

2002-01-01

407

Cultural Barriers to African American Participation in Anxiety Disorders Research  

PubMed Central

Anxiety disorders are understudied, underdiagnosed, and undertreated in African Americans. Research focused on the phenomenology, etiology, and treatment of anxiety in African Americans has been hampered by lack of inclusion of this population in clinical research studies. The reason for exclusion is not well understood, although cultural mistrust has been hypothesized as a major barrier to research participation. This article reviews the relevant literature to date and examines the experience of 6 African American adults who participated in a larger clinical assessment study about anxiety. Drawing upon in-depth semistructured interviews about their subjective experiences, we examined participant perspectives about the assessment process, opinions about African American perception of anxiety studies, and participant-generated ideas about how to improve African American participation. Based on a qualitative analysis of responses, feelings of mistrust emerged as a dominant theme. Concerns fell under 6 categories, including not wanting to speak for others, confidentiality, self and group presentation concerns, repercussions of disclosure, potential covert purposes of the study, and the desire to confide only in close others. Suggestions for increasing African American participation are discussed, including assurances of confidentiality, adequate compensation, and a comfortable study environment. PMID:23862294

Williams, Monnica T.; Beckmann-Mendez, Diana A.; Turkheimer, Eric

2014-01-01

408

Creating A Community: A Study of Boston's 19th Century African American Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boston's African Meeting House is one of the oldest and most significant African American churches in the country. This 19th century structure and the free African American community surrounding it, were a rare and integral part of our nation's history. These middle-class African Americans were able to rise above prejudice and segregation to create a thriving community in which businesses

Kate Ryan Descoteaux

2011-01-01

409

Psychosocial Issues Facing African and African American Women Diagnosed With Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer is a global issue. The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 1.2 million people will receive a diagnosis of breast cancer each year. Breast cancer continues to be the most diagnosed cancer for all women, after skin cancer, both within the United States and worldwide. Although the incidence of breast cancer among African and African American women is

Godfrey Gregg

2009-01-01

410

The relationship between skin color, self-esteem and African self-consciousness among African American college-educated women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among skin color, self-esteem, and African self-consciousness among 303 college-educated African American women. In addition, an African American Socialization Subscale was used to examine the participants' level of acculturation in the African American culture. The researcher hypothesized that those women who perceived their skin color as light, in comparison to

Kim M Daniel

2001-01-01

411

A Comparison of Depressive Symptoms in African Americans and Caucasian Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined group differences in depressive symptomatology among African Americans and whites seeking psychotherapy. African Americans reported less pessimism, dissatisfaction, self-blame, and suicidal ideation and more sense of punishment and weight change, but for reasons unrelated to depression. Self-dislike was a stronger manifestation of…

Ayalon, Liat; Young, Michael A.

2003-01-01

412

Kill Them Before They Grow. Misdiagnosis of African American Boys in American Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contends that the American public education system has made "black male" synonymous with "disabled" through the creation of the labels "Behavior Disorders" and "Emotional Disorders." These labels, which say that African American boys cannot behave without special treatment, juvenile probation, and, in many cases, drugs, condemns African

Porter, Michael

413

Marital Satisfaction among African Americans and Black Caribbeans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the correlates of marital satisfaction using data from a national probability sample of African Americans (N = 962) and Black Caribbeans (N = 560). Findings reveal differences between African Americans and Black Caribbeans, and men and women within those groups, in the predictors of marital satisfaction. Black Caribbean women…

Bryant, Chalandra M.; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Lincoln, Karen D.; Chatters, Linda M.; Jackson, James S.

2008-01-01

414

Cultural In-Group Advantage: Emotion Recognition in African American and European American Faces and Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored whether there were in-group advantages in emotion recognition of faces and voices by culture or geographic region. Participants were 72 African American students (33 men, 39 women), 102 European American students (30 men, 72 women), 30 African international students (16 men, 14 women), and 30 European international students…

Wickline, Virginia B.; Bailey, Wendy; Nowicki, Stephen

2009-01-01

415

School-Family-Community Partnerships and the Academic Achievement of African American, Urban Adolescents. Report No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on J. Epstein's theory of overlapping spheres of influence (1991, 1995), this study explores the effects of teacher, family, and church support on the school-related attitudes, behaviors, and academic achievement of African American, urban adolescents. To achieve this objective, 826 students in an urban school district in the southeastern…

Sanders, Mavis G.

416

Constructing Membership Identity through Language and Social Interaction: The Case of African American Children at Faith Missionary Baptist Church  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author explores how African American children in a Black church Sunday school community in northern California developed positive membership identity. Focal participants were Sunday school children ages 9 to 12 and their Sunday school teachers. Drawn from a two-year ethnographic study, data showed that adults prepared children…

Peele-Eady, Tryphenia B.

2011-01-01

417

Educating Out and Giving Back: Adults' Conceptions of Successful Outcomes of African American High School Students from Impoverished Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined community adults' conceptions of successful early adult outcomes for rural African American adolescents from 2 low-resource communities in the Deep South. Focus groups were conducted with parents, teachers, and community leaders. Parents also completed semistructured phone interviews. The focus groups identified 2 general types…

Farmer, Thomas W.; Dadisman, Kimberly; Latendresse, Shawn J.; Thompson, Jana; Irvin, Matthew J.; Zhang, Lei

2006-01-01

418

Bessie Coleman, First African American Pilot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Born on January 26, 1892 in Atlanta, Texas to a family of sharecroppers, Bessie Coleman grew up in poverty. Her father abandoned the family when she was nine, and her elder brothers soon left as well, leaving her mother with the four youngest of her thirteen children. While taking care of her younger sisters, Bessie completed all eight available years of primary education, excelling in math. She enrolled at the Colored Agricultural and Normal University in Langston, Oklahoma in 1910, but lack of funds forced her to leave after only one term. Five years later, she left the South and moved to Chicago to join two of her brothers, Walter and John, where she worked as a beautician for several years. An avid reader, she learned about World War I pilots in the newspaper and became intrigued by the prospect of flying. As a black woman, she had no chance of acceptance at any American pilot school, so she moved to France in 1919 and enrolled at the Ecole d'Aviation des Freres Caudon at Le Crotoy. After returning briefly to the United States, she spent one more term in France practicing more advanced flying before finally settling back in her birth country. She did exhibition flying and gave lectures across the country from 1922 to 1926. While flying, she refused to perform unless the audiences were desegregated. She was test flying a new plane on April 30, 1926 when it malfunctioned, killing both her and the mechanic who was piloting it. Her career as the world's first African American pilot inspired many who followed.

1921-01-01

419

The Long Path to Higher Education for African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When one considers the possibilities for a new progressive era in American higher education, the author contends that it is wise to review the past because there are lessons to be learned. In fact, the latter part of the 20th century was one of great progress for diversity in higher education, generally speaking, and for African Americans in…

Duster, Troy

2009-01-01

420

Race in the Global Era. African Americans at the Millennium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Race is only one of the prisms through which to examine the political and social life of Americans, but it is one in which there has been insufficient determination of contemporary dynamics. For this discussion, the most important issue is the debate within the black community regarding the nature and causes of the crisis facing African Americans

Lusane, Clarence

421

Stress, Marital Satisfaction, and Psychological Distress among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines relationships among financial strain, unfair treatment, and martial satisfaction among African Americans. Using data from the National Survey of American Life, findings indicated that social stressors that occur inside of the home (i.e., financial strain) as well as those experienced outside of the home (i.e., unfair treatment)…

Lincoln, Karen D.; Chae, David H.

2010-01-01

422

Hispanic versus African American Girls: Body Image, Nutrition, and Puberty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public health research has been dominated by the biomedical model, which does not appear to be appropriate for studying public health variables across different populations. For example, when comparing the Hispanic American (HA) and African American (AA) population in the U.S., there are similarities on several demographic and public health…

Talpade, Medha

2008-01-01

423

Marriage, Money, and African American Mothers' Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of marital status and family income on the self-esteem of 292 African American mothers. Counter to previous studies with European American mothers, family income moderated the effects of marital status. Those mothers with higher family income had higher self-esteem, regardless of their marital status. For those with…

Mandara, Jelani; Johnston, Jamie S.; Murray, Carolyn B.; Varner, Fatima

2008-01-01

424

Cultural Dysthymia: An Unrecognized Disorder among African Americans?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many African Americans experience low-grade depression, referred to as dysthymia in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). After more than 250 years of enslavement, prejudice, and discrimination, dysthymia is reflected in chronic low-grade sadness, anger, hostility,…

Vontress, Clemmont E.; Woodland, Calvin E.; Epp, Lawrence

2007-01-01

425

The art of pastoral care in the African American church  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following survey is a model training program for educating lay leaders in the provision of pastoral care within the context of the African American Church community. Pastoral care in many American churches has been increasingly recognized and articulated in recent years. As Carroll Wise defined many years ago, “[Pastoral Care] is the manifestation in the relationship between pastor and

James F. Shumake

2002-01-01

426

Welfare Systems and African-Americans: Historical Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An historical discussion of the relationship of American welfare systems to African-Americans, stating that Europeans, primarily from England, reluctantly established meagre, inhumane welfare systems based on seventeenth century English philosophy and tradition for members of their own nationality group after more than two centuries of poverty in…

Nicholson, Rosetta

1975-01-01

427

Secondary Prisonization: The Effects of Involuntary Separation on Families of Incarcerated African American Men  

E-print Network

American family. American Prison Boom There are many differences of theories among scholars as to the cause of mass imprisonment, although because of staggering statistics, all are forced to agree that African American men are indeed the main patrons... Secondary Prisonization: The Effects of Involuntary Separation on Families of Incarcerated African American Men By Hassan Bailey Submitted to the graduate degree program in African/ African American Studies and the Graduate Faculty...

Bailey, Hassan M.

2011-04-27

428

National Cry for Help: Psychological Issues as They Relate to Education; A Realistic Approach to Understanding and Coping with the African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One could argue that advance teacher training does not make a difference in student achievement. According to William Sanders, a Professor at the University of Tennessee, the single most dominate factor affecting student achievement gain is teachers advance training. African American students make up 17 percent of the public school population…

Anthony, Taiwanna D.; Kritsonis, William Allan; Herrington, David E.

2007-01-01

429

Psychopathy Subtypes among African American County Jail Inmates  

PubMed Central

There is evidence that the classification of “psychopath” captures a heterogeneous group of offenders. Although several studies have provided evidence for two distinct psychopath subtypes, these studies have inadequately addressed potentially important ethnic differences. A recent taxonomic study found evidence for primary and secondary psychopath subgroups in a sample of European American offenders (Swogger & Kosson, 2007). The present study used cluster analysis to attempt to replicate those findings in a sample of African American offenders. Results confirm the presence of primary and secondary subtypes in African Americans. However, differences between the clusters obtained in the present and previous studies suggest that caution is warranted in generalizing offender taxonomies across ethnicity. PMID:19458787

Swogger, Marc T.; Walsh, Zach; Kosson, David S.

2009-01-01

430

Apolipoprotein epsilon4 allele frequency in young Africans of Ugandan descent versus African Americans.  

PubMed Central

Through its role in lipid metabolism, Apolipoprotein epsilon4 (ApoE4) may affect "brain repair" in stroke, brain hemorrhage, Alzheimer's disease, and other brain injury syndromes for which African Americans may have greater morbidity and mortality. Cross-cultural evaluations of these and other genetic factors may provide insight on possible ethnic differences in risk of morbidity to acute central nervous system (CNS) injury and chronic neurodegenerative processes. As an initial step toward expanding knowledge of ApoE allele frequencies for persons of African descent, we compared ApoE genotype of a group of 70 young Ugandans to 59 (subset of a larger group of 342 African Americans of all ages) age-matched African Americans and to published frequencies for Caucasians and Asians. We found that the ApoE4 and epsilon2 alleles are more frequent in Ugandans (U) than Caucasians (C) or Asians (A) with corresponding alleles showing significant elevations of epsilon2 (U 15.71%, C 8.40%, A 4.20%) and 14 (U 25%, C 13.70%, A 8.90%) (p < .001). Comparing the differences between Ugandans and age-appropriate African Americans (AA) was not statically significant, but this outcome may be due to small sample size. These results provide the only published ApoE frequencies for Ugandans and the complete set of data provides the largest published community group of ApoE frequencies for African Americans. PMID:12656452

Willis, Floyd; Graff-Radford, Neill; Pinto, Martin; Lawson, LaShaune; Adamson, Jennifer; Epstein, Dawn; Parfitt, Francine; Hutton, Mike; O'Brien, Peter C.

2003-01-01

431

Selecting renal replacement therapies: what do African American and non-African American patients and their families think others should know? A mixed methods study  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known regarding the types of information African American and non-African American patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and their families need to inform renal replacement therapy (RRT) decisions. Methods In 20 structured group interviews, we elicited views of African American and non-African American patients with CKD and their families about factors that should be addressed in educational materials informing patients’ RRT selection decisions. We asked participants to select factors from a list and obtained their open-ended feedback. Results Ten groups of patients (5 African American, 5 non-African American; total 68 individuals) and ten groups of family members (5 African American, 5 non-African American; total 62 individuals) participated. Patients and families had a range (none to extensive) of experiences with various RRTs. Patients identified morbidity or mortality, autonomy, treatment delivery, and symptoms as important factors to address. Family members identified similar factors but also cited the effects of RRT decisions on patients’ psychological well-being and finances. Views of African American and non-African American participants were largely similar. Conclusions Educational resources addressing the influence of RRT selection on patients’ morbidity and mortality, autonomy, treatment delivery, and symptoms could help patients and their families select RRT options closely aligned with their values. Including information about the influence of RRT selection on patients’ personal relationships and finances could enhance resources’ cultural relevance for African Americans. PMID:23317336

2013-01-01

432

Jews in American History: A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains discussion questions, student activities, and lists of resource materials which a teacher can use to include American Jewish history in secondary United States history courses. The book concentrates on those aspects of Jewish history which offer material with which to illuminate many important general themes and concepts.…

Ruderman, Jerome

433

A Prospective Study of Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels and Mortality Among African Americans and Non-African Americans  

PubMed Central

The beneficial biologic effects attributed to vitamin D suggest a potential to influence overall mortality. Evidence addressing this hypothesis is limited, especially for African Americans who have a high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency. The authors conducted a nested case-control study within the prospective Southern Community Cohort Study to relate baseline serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) with subsequent mortality. Cases were 1,852 participants who enrolled from 2002 to 2009 and died >12 months postenrollment. Controls (n = 1,852) were matched on race, sex, age, enrollment site, and blood collection date. The odds ratios for quartile 1 (<10.18 ng/mL) versus quartile 4 (>21.64 ng/mL) levels of 25(OH)D were 1.60 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.20, 2.14) for African Americans and 2.11 (95% CI: 1.39, 3.21) for non-African Americans. The effects were strongest for circulatory disease death, where quartile 1 versus quartile 4 odds ratios were 2.53 (95% CI: 1.44, 4.46) and 3.25 (95% CI: 1.33, 7.93) for African Americans and non-African Americans, respectively. The estimated odds of total mortality were minimized in the 25(OH)D range of 35–40 ng/mL. These findings provide support for the hypothesis that vitamin D status may have an important influence on mortality for both African Americans and non-African Americans. PMID:23125439

Signorello, Lisa B.; Han, Xijing; Cai, Qiuyin; Cohen, Sarah S.; Cope, Elizabeth L.; Zheng, Wei; Blot, William J.

2013-01-01

434

Do birds of a feather flock together? The variable bases for African American, Asian American, and European American adolescents' selection of similar friends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Variability in adolescent-friend similarity is documented in a diverse sample of African American, Asian American, and European American adolescents. Similarity was greatest for substance use, modest for academic orientations, and tow for ethnic identity. Compared with Asian American and European American adolescents, African American adolescents chose friends who were less similar with respect to academic orientation or substance use but

Jill V. Hamm

2000-01-01

435

Postexercise insulin action in African-American women.  

PubMed Central

African Americans are more insulin resistant than Caucasians. A single bout of moderate-intensity exercise reduces insulin resistance in sedentary Caucasian individuals. The impact of a single bout of exercise on insulin resistance has never been studied in African Americans. The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the impact of a single bout of exercise on insulin resistance in African-American women. DESIGN: Insulin resistance was assessed in 10 sedentary, over-weight or obese African-American women during a sedentary and exercise condition over a two-day period. During the sedentary condition, participants fasted overnight and sat quietly in the laboratory for 75 minutes. During the exercise condition, participants completed 75 minutes of brisk walking on a treadmill. Ninety minutes following each condition, participants completed an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Three-and-a-half hours later, subjects consumed a standardized meal [meal tolerance test (MTT)]. RESULTS: The insulin response to the OGTT was 18% lower (p=0.046), and insulin sensitivity was 18% higher (p=0.042) in the exercise condition compared to the sedentary condition. There were no differences between conditions following the MTT. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that overweight/obese, sedentary, insulin resistant African-American women had a significant improvement in insulin sensitivity from 75 minutes of brisk walking. PMID:17128694

Hasson, Rebecca E.; Freedson, Patty S.; Braun, Barry

2006-01-01

436

Psychosocial correlates of substance use behaviors among African American youth.  

PubMed

Cross-sectional data were collected on substance use behaviors and potential correlates in 1,494 African American students enrolled in grades 5-12 in eight schools in a central Alabama school district. Using a risk and asset framework, self-reported recent alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use were analyzed by identifying and measuring levels of influence, including individual, family, and school. For alcohol and marijuana use, recurrent risk factors were age, being hit by a parent, affiliation with gangs, and a tolerant attitude of peers toward drug use. For cigarette use, risk factors were peer-oriented: associations with gangs or cohorts holding lenient attitudes about substance use. For all substances, salient asset factors were academic achievement and parental monitoring. Findings suggest that efforts to reduce substance use behaviors should be directed at adolescents in terms of academic achievement and grade level as well as their social environments. For the latter, peer/family risks and family/school assets should be the foci for programs to minimize the short- and long-term consequences of these behaviors. Hence, the emphasis should be placed on modeling attitudes, preventing gang and family violence, encouraging parental supervision, and building positive teacher-student interactions. PMID:15727405

Wright, Darlene R; Fitzpatrick, Kevin M

2004-01-01

437

Five African American Male Superintendents and Their Leadership in Diverse School Districts in Texas  

E-print Network

The focus of this research is in the area of African American male superintendents and their leadership in diverse settings. The research approach adopted in this dissertation used semi-structured interviews with five African American male...

Smothers, Aneil 1968-

2012-11-29

438

Can a Home-Based Intervention Reduce Depression in Older African Americans?  

MedlinePLUS

... a Home-Based Intervention Reduce Depression in Older African Americans? The full report is titled “A Home-Based ... Symptoms and Improve Quality of Life in Older African Americans. A Randomized Trial.” It is in the 20 ...

439

Genome-wide association study of body height in African Americans: the Women's Health Initiative  

E-print Network

Genome-wide association study of body height in African Americans: the Women's Health Initiative of height in 8149 African- American (AA) women from the Women's Health Initiative. Genetic variants with P

Tang, Hua

440

3 CFR 8345 - Proclamation 8345 of February 2, 2009. National African American History Month, 2009  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Marshall, the African American community has steadily made progress toward the dreams within its grasp and the promise of our Nation. Meanwhile, the belief that those dreams might one day be realized by all of our citizens gave African American...

2010-01-01

441

Religion and womanism in the lives of Central Texas African American Baptist women  

E-print Network

African American Baptist churches are not known as bastions of sexual equality. The dominance of males in the pulpit and the conservative and literal interpretation of the Bible often support this idea. African American women, however, were...

Turner, Deidra Rochelle

2009-05-15

442

3 CFR 8527 - Proclamation 8527 of May 28, 2010. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...African-American community, music unites individuals through a shared heritage. During African-American Music Appreciation Month, we...centuries of injustice, music comforted slaves, fueled a cultural renaissance, and sustained a movement for equality....

2011-01-01

443

Church and spirituality in the lives of the African American community.  

PubMed

The African American church is held in the highest esteem by most African Americans. Although the influence of the African American church has been underestimated by physicians and nurses, it could be pivotal in optimizing health status among African Americans. Because of this influence, health care practitioners, including nurses, are now recognizing the important role that the African American church plays in improving the health status of individuals in the African American community. This article illuminates the health and health care concerns of the African American community by considering the traditional lack of equal access for this population and the role that the church can play in not only offering church-based health care services but also improving the health status of church congregations. Future roles of the African American church for improved health status are also suggested. PMID:18650398

Giger, Joyce Newman; Appel, Susan J; Davidhizar, Ruth; Davis, Claudia

2008-10-01

444

Teaching with Historic Places: Iron Hill School: An African American One-Room School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, part of the National Park Service's Teaching with Historic Places Website (see the June 4, 1999 Scout Report), structures a lesson plan on Progressive Era education around the history of a one-room African-American school house at Iron Hill in rural northern Delaware. In addition to interviews with former pupils of the school, the Website offers readings, images, and activities concerning the issues of African American education, Progressive Era philanthropy, and the processes of "creating history" through documentary research and the taking of oral histories. Teachers are provided with thorough instructions on the use of the site in a classroom setting. The lesson was written by Susan Brizzolara Wojcik, Historic Preservation Planner for the New Castle County Department of Land Use.

445

Gender differences in mental health characteristics and gambling among African-American adolescent gamblers  

PubMed Central

This study explores gender differences in lifetime and recent substance use/internalizing behavior, childhood externalizing behavior and gambling preferences among African-American youth gamblers. Data are from a prospective study of a community sample of 452 urban African-American youth that began at entry into first grade and was followed for ten years. Gambling was associated with high teacher ratings of childhood externalizing behaviors among males, and with high parent ratings of childhood impulsivity and hyperactivity among both genders. Internalizing behavior was associated with female gambling. No male-female differences in substance use/lifetime conduct disorder among gamblers were noted. Gambling preferences/frequency differed across genders. PMID:18393056

Martins, Silvia S.; Storr, Carla L.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.; Chilcoat, Howard D.

2008-01-01

446

A comparison of juvenile court outcomes for Native Americans, African Americans, and whites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Referrals to a district juvenile court in Iowa were examined for 1980 through 1989 to test an interpretation of Weber's theory of decision making and formal rationality. Logistic regression was employed to examine two hypotheses: 1) Native American youths and African American youths receive more severe outcomes than white youths with similar backgrounds and legal histories, and 2) Native Americans

Michael J. Leiber

1994-01-01

447

Providing Culturally Relevant Mental Health Services: Collaboration between Psychology and the African American Church  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many African American psychologists are concerned about the delivery of culturally relevant mental health services to their community. Recognizing the limitations of traditional psychotherapies and traditional mental health delivery systems, psychologists have developed African-centered models of therapy that emphasize spiritual development. Using African-centered therapies as a conceptual framework, the African American Counseling Team (AACT) was formed to overcome the limitations

John E. Queener; Juanita K. Martin

2001-01-01

448

Mechanisms Linking Violence Exposure and School Engagement Among African American Adolescents: Examining the Roles of Psychological Problem Behaviors and Gender  

PubMed Central

This study examines whether the relationship between violence exposure and school engagement is mediated by psychological problem behaviors and whether such relationships are gendered. Five hundred and sixty-three high school African American adolescents (ages 13 to 19 years) completed questionnaires which assessed two types of violence exposure (community violence and marital conflict), psychological problem behaviors (e.g., PTSD symptoms, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggressive behaviors), and school engagement (i.e., student-teacher connectedness and grade point average [GPA] obtained from school records). For male adolescents, psychological problem behaviors collectively mediated the relationship between community violence exposure and student-teacher connectedness. For female adolescents, both community violence and marital conflict exposure were negatively related to both GPA and student-teacher connectedness via aggressive behavior. Findings suggest that the differential impact of type of violence exposure and its sequela based on gender should be considered when addressing low school engagement among African American youth. PMID:21219276

Voisin, Dexter R.; Neilands, Torsten B.; Hunnicutt, Shannon

2010-01-01

449

NEEMA: a school-based diabetes risk prevention program designed for African-American children.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To conduct formative assessment and preliminary biological impact of a school-based diabetes risk prevention program for African-American children during a 14-week study. METHODS: NEEMA is a school-based diabetes prevention program tailored for African-American children. The NEEMA is implemented via four social networks-classroom (Health and Physical Education Class), after school (Health Club), home (Family Fun Fair) and school cafeteria (Food Service Program). Formative assessment data were collected through semistructured interviews with physical education (PE) teachers and a pre-to-post design was used to measure biological impact. Fasting capillary glucose, height, weight, body mass index, percent body fat and fitness data were collected from a sample of 58 fourth-grade students. The six elementary schools had > 40% African-American enrollment and were located in low-income neighborhoods. RESULTS: Face-to-face interview data revealed diabetes, obesity and food insufficiency as major health concerns among PE teachers. Teachers also cited large classes and short PE periods as major challenges for implementing the program. From baseline to follow-up, fitness laps increased from 16.40 (SD = 9.98) to 23.72 (SD = 14.79) (p < 0.000), fasting capillary glucose decreased from 89.17 mg/dl (SD = 10.05) to 83.50 mg/dl (SD = 11.26) (p < 0.000), and percent body fat decreased from 27.26 (SD=12.89) to 26.68 (SD = 11.67) (p < 0.537). CONCLUSION: The NEEMA pilot study provided teacher feedback useful for revising the NEEMA health curricula and positive preliminary impact of the NEEMA PE class on children's fitness and blood glucose levels. PMID:17444425

Shaw-Perry, Mary; Horner, Charlotte; Trevińo, Roberto P.; Sosa, Erica T.; Hernandez, Irene; Bhardwaj, Abhishek

2007-01-01

450

Strategies to prevent HIV transmission among heterosexual African-American men  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: As part of qualitative research for developing a culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate videotape-based HIV prevention intervention for heterosexual African- American men, six focus groups were conducted with thirty African-American men to determine their perceptions of AIDS as a threat to the African-American community, characteristics of past situations that have placed African Americans at risk for HIV infection, their

Ekere J Essien; Angela F Meshack; Ronald J Peters; Gbadebo O Ogungbade; Nora I Osemene

2005-01-01

451

Development and Validation of a Lung Cancer Risk Prediction Model for African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because existingrisk prediction models for lungcancer were developed in white popula- tions, they may not be appropriate for predictingrisk amongAfrican-Americans. Therefore, a need exists to construct and validate a risk prediction model for lungcancer that is specific to African-Americans. We analyzed data from 491 African-Americans with lungcancer and 497 matched African-American controls to identify specific risks and incorporate them into

Carol J. Etzel; Sumesh Kachroo; Mei Liu; Anthony D'Amelio; Q. Dong; M. L. Cote; A. S. Wenzlaff; W. K. Hong; A. J. Greisinger; A. G. Schwartz; M. R. Spitz

2008-01-01

452

Lifting as We Climb: African American Women's Education Experience in the Ivory Tower  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses mixed methods to examine the experiences of African American women in doctoral programs. 102 African American women completed an on-line survey, and twenty women participated in one-on-one interviews. As an African American female, the researcher is interested in comparing the experiences of African American women: critiquing, analyzing and interpreting similarities and points of divergence in their experiences,

Bonnie Lynn Reddick

2011-01-01

453

African American fathers and incarceration: paternal involvement and child outcomes.  

PubMed

Despite only accounting for 6% of the general population, African American males represent nearly 50% of the prison population. To investigate the impact of mass incarceration on African American families, data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being study were analyzed. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to examine the impact of previous incarceration on African American fathers' instrumental and affective involvement with their children, and the extent to which their previous incarceration influences their children's behavior. Results revealed that 51% of the fathers in the sample had been incarcerated by their child's fifth birthday. The results also revealed that these fathers fared worse economically and were less involved with their children. Moreover, the children of previously incarcerated fathers had significantly worse behavioral problems than the children of fathers who had never been incarcerated. PMID:22239385

Perry, Armon R; Bright, Mikia

2012-01-01

454

Inez Beverly Prosser and the education of African Americans.  

PubMed

Inez Beverly Prosser (ca. 1895-1934) was arguably the first African American woman to earn a doctorate in psychology. Her dissertation, completed in 1933, examined personality differences in black children attending either voluntarily segregated or integrated schools and concluded that black children were better served in segregated schools. This research was one of several studies in the 1920s and 1930s that was part of the debate on segregated schools as maintained in the United States under the "separate but equal" doctrine of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). This article examines the life and career of Prosser in the context of educational barriers and opportunities for African Americans in the early part of the twentieth century and explores the arguments that pitted African Americans against one another in determining how best to educate black children, arguments that eventually led to the desegregation decision of Brown v. Board of Education (1954). PMID:15635704

Benjamin, Ludy T; Henry, Keisha D; McMahon, Lance R

2005-01-01

455

African-American mitochondrial DNAs often match mtDNAs found in multiple African ethnic groups  

PubMed Central

Background Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotypes have become popular tools for tracing maternal ancestry, and several companies offer this service to the general public. Numerous studies have demonstrated that human mtDNA haplotypes can be used with confidence to identify the continent where the haplotype originated. Ideally, mtDNA haplotypes could also be used to identify a particular country or ethnic group from which the maternal ancestor emanated. However, the geographic distribution of mtDNA haplotypes is greatly influenced by the movement of both individuals and population groups. Consequently, common mtDNA haplotypes are shared among multiple ethnic groups. We have studied the distribution of mtDNA haplotypes among West African ethnic groups to determine how often mtDNA haplotypes can be used to reconnect Americans of African descent to a country or ethnic group of a maternal African ancestor. The nucleotide sequence of the mtDNA hypervariable segment I (HVS-I) usually provides sufficient information to assign a particular mtDNA to the proper haplogroup, and it contains most of the variation that is available to distinguish a particular mtDNA haplotype from closely related haplotypes. In this study, samples of general African-American and specific Gullah/Geechee HVS-I haplotypes were compared with two databases of HVS-I haplotypes from sub-Saharan Africa, and the incidence of perfect matches recorded for each sample. Results When two independent African-American samples were analyzed, more than half of the sampled HVS-I mtDNA haplotypes exactly matched common haplotypes that were shared among multiple African ethnic groups. Another 40% did not match any sequence in the database, and fewer than 10% were an exact match to a sequence from a single African ethnic group. Differences in the regional distribution of haplotypes were observed in the African database, and the African-American haplotypes were more likely to match haplotypes found in ethnic groups from West or West Central Africa than those found in eastern or southern Africa. Fewer than 14% of the African-American mtDNA sequences matched sequences from only West Africa or only West Central Africa. Conclusion Our database of sub-Saharan mtDNA sequences includes the most common haplotypes that are shared among ethnic groups from multiple regions of Africa. These common haplotypes have been found in half of all sub-Saharan Africans. More than 60% of the remaining haplotypes differ from the common haplotypes at a single nucleotide position in the HVS-I region, and they are likely to occur at varying frequencies within sub-Saharan Africa. However, the finding that 40% of the African-American mtDNAs analyzed had no match in the database indicates that only a small fraction of the total number of African haplotypes has been identified. In addition, the finding that fewer than 10% of African-American mtDNAs matched mtDNA sequences from a single African region suggests that few African Americans might be able to trace their mtDNA lineages to a particular region of Africa, and even fewer will be able to trace their mtDNA to a single ethnic group. However, no firm conclusions should be made until a much larger database is available. It is clear, however, that when identical mtDNA haplotypes are shared among many ethnic groups from different parts of Africa, it is impossible to determine which single ethnic group was the source of a particular maternal ancestor based on the mtDNA sequence. PMID:17038170

Ely, Bert; Wilson, Jamie Lee; Jackson, Fatimah; Jackson, Bruce A

2006-01-01

456

AAPT: American Association of Physics Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) was founded in 1930 with the goal to ensure the "dissemination of knowledge of physics, particularly by way of teaching." Now with 11,000 members in 30 countries, this Web site displays all that AAPT has to offer. Visitors can learn about upcoming conferences, workshops and meetings. Teachers can learn innovative teaching methods, discover AAPT-sponsored projects, read about published publications and journals, and much more. Always in need of funding, physics students can find out about grants, competitions, and awards.

457

African Americans Awareness of Disparities in Infant Mortality Rates and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American infant mortality rates (IMR) in San Francisco have remained 2.5 to three times those of Whites for over 20 years. Methods. A 69-item telephone survey of African American residents in four neighborhoods with the most African American births assessed awareness of IMR disparities, associated risks, and social capital. Results. Of the 804 respondents, 57% were not aware of

MPH Jennifer Rienks Geraldine Oliva; MPH CHES Virginia Smyly

2010-01-01

458

An Examination of African American Female College Presidents' Professional Ascendancy and Mentoring Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a large disparity in the number of African American women leaders in higher education, specifically in the presidency. Much of the literature negates the experiences of the African American woman, often fusing their experiences with those of all women, or those of African American men, which often disregards the challenges and successes…

Smith-Ligon, Pamela

2011-01-01

459

The All White World of Children's Books & African American Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection explore African American children's literature and the view it provides of the African American community. Of particular interest is the relationship between African American folktales and those of subSaharan Africa. The following essays are included: (1) "The All-White World of Children's Books" (Nancy Larrick); (2)…

Osa, Osayimwense, Ed.

460

Positionality of African Americans and a Theoretical Accommodation of It: Rethinking Science Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay addresses a call for research involving African Americans to interpret data from the historical, contemporary, and cultural experiences of African Americans. The essay argues for a science education research approach that explicitly considers the positionality of African Americans in the United States. This positionality involves the…

Parsons, Eileen R. Carlton

2008-01-01

461

Social and Cultural Factors Influence African American Men's Medical Help Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the factors that influenced African American men's medical help seeking. Method: Thematic analysis of 14 focus groups with 105 older, urban African American men. Results: African American men described normative expectations that they did not go to the doctor and that they were afraid to go, with little explanation. When they…

Griffith, Derek M.; Allen, Julie Ober; Gunter, Katie

2011-01-01

462

JOB SATISFACTION DIFFERENTIALS AMONG AFRICAN AMERICAN FACULTY AT 2YEAR AND4YEAR INSTITUTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored descriptive data from the National Study of Postsecondary Faculty to assess the extent to which African American faculty at 2-year and 4-year institutions differ in their job satisfaction. Overall, the findings revealed that African American faculty at 2-year institutions are more likely to report being very satisfied with their jobs than African American faculty at 4-year institutions.

Lamont A. Flowers

2005-01-01

463

Guiding Philosophical Principles for a DuBoisian-based African American Educational Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the educational thought of W.E.B. DuBois, extrapolating from his work a model of educational principles that raise awareness of the need for African American based education and encourage further development of African American based education models. The principles are: African American centered education; communal education; broad based…

Alridge, Derrick P.

1999-01-01

464

W.E.B. Du Bois: Role Model and Mentor for African American Undergraduate Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the dearth of African American men in academe, African American college men have few opportunities to be mentored by those who can best help them make sense of their experience. Du Bois' writings give voice to much of the African American college experience and provide concrete examples of how to think, act, and persevere in the U.S.…

Rowley, Larry L.

2001-01-01

465

Retaining African Americans in Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms for Retaining Students, Faculty and Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection discusses some of the issues surrounding the retention of African Americans in higher education, and it challenges traditional paradigms for retaining African American students, administrators, and faculty at predominantly White colleges. The chapters of part 1, "Retaining African-American Students," are: (1) "Creating an Affirming…

Jones, Lee, Ed.

466

Identifying Barriers to Colonoscopy Screening for Nonadherent African American Participants in a Patient Navigation Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans have a higher rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality than other racial/ethnic groups. This disparity is alarming given that CRC is largely preventable through the use of endoscopy (screening colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy), yet rates of CRC screening among African Americans is suboptimal. Only 48.9% of African Americans are…

Sly, Jamilia R.; Edwards, Tiffany; Shelton, Rachel C.; Jandorf, Lina

2013-01-01

467

"Brother Where Art Thou?" African American Male Instructors' Perceptions of the Counselor Education Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of African American male counselor educators regarding the limited number of African American male faculty members in counselor education. Implications and suggestions on how universities can recruit and retain African American male faculty members are provided.

Brooks, Michael; Steen, Sam

2010-01-01

468

Gender Differences in African American Adolescents' Personal, Educational, and Occupational Expectations and Perceptions of Neighborhood Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted in an effort to generate information toward fostering academic outcomes among African American adolescents. Gender differences in African American adolescents' personal, educational, and occupational expectations were examined in relation to perceptions of neighborhood quality. Participants included 352 African American

Mello, Zena R.; Swanson, Dena P.

2007-01-01

469

African American Women's Satisfaction with the Design and Marketing of Ready-to-Wear Clothing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The African American market has increased in terms of percentage of the United States population and income, with purchasing power estimated at more than $800 billion. This pilot study assessed older African American women's perception of how well their clothing needs were being met using focus group discussion methodology. The primary objective was to determine African American women's satisfaction with

Nora M. MacDonald; Shirley A. Lazorchak; Kristi M. Currie

2009-01-01

470

Impact of College Environments on the Spiritual Development of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on the impact of college environments on the spiritual development of African American students. Using the Armstrong Measure of Spirituality (AMOS) survey administered to 125 African American college students, the study sought to ascertain whether or not there were differences in spirituality as reported by African American

Weddle-West, Karen; Hagan, Waldon Joseph; Norwood, Kristie M.

2013-01-01

471

Connecting Social Disorganization Theory to African-American Outcomes to Explain the Achievement Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African-American student achievement outcomes have been and continue to be a critical concern for education researchers. Much of the framing of African-American student outcomes centers on what is known as achievement gaps that exist between African-American and White students. Unfortunately, these gaps have remained roughly the same since the…

Madyun, Na'im H.

2011-01-01

472

Emotional and Behavioral Functioning of Offspring of African American Mothers with Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive research demonstrates the negative impact of maternal depression on their offspring. Unfortunately, few studies have been explored in African American families. This study examined emotional and behavioral functioning among children of African American mothers with depression. African American mothers (n = 63), with a past year diagnosis…

Boyd, Rhonda C.; Diamond, Guy S.; Ten Have, Thomas R.

2011-01-01

473

Cultural Orientation as a Protective Factor against Tobacco and Marijuana Smoking for African American Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined cultural orientation as a protective factor against tobacco and marijuana smoking for African American young women (ages 18 to 25). African American college students (N = 145) from a predominantly White university were administered subscales from the African American Acculturation Scale-Revised (AAAS-R); the shortened…

Nasim, Aashir; Corona, Rosalie; Belgrave, Faye; Utsey, Shawn O.; Fallah, Niloofar

2007-01-01

474

A Case Study of the Development of African American Women Executives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even in an era when the country elected an African American man as President of the United States, there is still a paucity of African American women executives within Fortune 500 companies. Although more African American women have joined the ranks of corporate management over the last two decades, the numbers, when compared to those of White…

Brooks Greaux, Lisa

2010-01-01

475

African American Youths and Drugs: A Time to Pursue a Mental Health Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the disproportionately high rates of African American youth incarcerated for drug offenses and the studies that show white youths possess and use drugs in significant numbers, sometimes more often than African American youths. A mental health approach for addressing the drug use and possession problem by African American youths is…

Alexander, Rudolph, Jr.

1996-01-01

476

Perceptions of the food marketing environment among African American teen girls and adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obesity disproportionately affects African American adolescents, particularly girls. While ethnically targeted marketing of unhealthful food products contributes to this disparity, it is not known how African Americans perceive the food marketing environment in their communities. Qualitative methods, specifically photovoice and group discussions, were used to understand perceptions of African American adults and teen girls regarding targeted food marketing to adolescent

Wendy S. Bibeau; Brit I. Saksvig; Joel Gittelsohn; Sonja Williams; Lindsey Jones; Deborah Rohm Young

477

The Impact of Market Segmentation on African American Frequency, Centrality, and Status in Television Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Market segmentation made communication with the advertising audience dependent upon the audience segment. African Americans were the first racial minority group identified as having economic viability as a target market that could be reached through advertising content and placement. A content analysis of 358 prime-time television advertisements for African American and general audiences revealed that African Americans are still playing

Karie L. Hollerbach

2009-01-01

478

African American Families and the Role of Physical Discipline: Witnessing the Past in the Present  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of physical discipline within African American families is examined from a historical perspective within the context of institutionalized racism and racial disproportionality in the child welfare system. African American parenting strengths are explored, demonstrating that the use of physical discipline can be purposeful, controlled, and appropriate, utilized to protect African American children and instruct them how to behave

Krista A. Thomas; Alan J. Dettlaff

2011-01-01

479

The Career Experiences of African American Women Faculty: Implications for Counselor Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite three decades of affirmative action efforts, counseling programs continue to struggle with the challenge of recruiting and retaining African American women faculty. African American women in general, and African American female professors in particular, have emerged from what Hudson-Weems (1989) terms as a tripartite form of oppression, of…

Bradley, Carla

2005-01-01

480

Elder Abuse and Neglect in African American Families: Informing Practice Based on Ecological and Cultural Frameworks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the rapid growth of the elderly African American population in the U.S., elder abuse and neglect in African American families continue to be underdeveloped areas of study. This article presents an ecological and culturally informed framework for the study of elder abuse in African American populations. The model was developed based on Bronfenbrenner's Human Ecological Theory. The model identifies

Sheena R. Horsford; José Rubén Parra-Cardona; Lori A. Post; Larry Schiamberg

2010-01-01

481

African American Women's Clubs, the Frederick Douglass Home, and the Black Mammy Monument  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early twentieth century, the institutionalization of disfranchisement and segregation and the surging popularity of the Lost Cause, a movement to honor the Confederacy, led African Americans who recognized the power of public image to attempt to take control over their public representations. This article examines the ways in which African American clubwomen rejected the message of African American

Joan Marie Johnson

2005-01-01

482

Attacking the African American-White Achievement Gap on College Admissions Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The African American-white achievement gap exists even among the youngest children; African American students arrive at kindergarten considerably behind their white peers in measurable cognitive skills. Although the gap has narrowed somewhat over the past several decades, the average African American still scores below 75 percent of white students…

Nettles, Michael T.; Millett, Catherine M.; Ready, Douglas D.

2003-01-01

483

Toward a Theory of African American School Achievement. Report No. 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past attempts to develop an explanatory model for African-American school achievement have focused disproportionately on failure. But if one considers the long and persistent denial and limiting of educational opportunity to African Americans, from slavery to the present, and African Americans' corresponding achievements, the historically and…

Perry, Theresa

484

Explaining African-American Political Empowerment: Windy City Politics from 1900 to 1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the transformation of African-American political power via a historical analysis of the African-American experience within Chicago politics. The article challenges the conventional wisdom that political machines represent a "ladder" for minority empowerment and suggests conditions that facilitate the empowerment of African-Americans. (GLR)

Keiser, Richard A.

1993-01-01

485

African American Young Adult Smoking Initiation: Identifying Intervention Points and Prevention Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans have one of the lowest smoking rates as teens yet have one of the highest smoking rates as adults. Approximately 40% of African Americans who have ever smoked started smoking between the ages of 18 and 21. Purpose: This study aimed to identify why African American young adults began smoking in young adulthood and what…

Cheney, Marshall K.; Mansker, Jacqueline

2014-01-01

486

Challenges to the Study of African American Parenting: Conceptualization, Sampling, Research Approaches, Measurement, and Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The primary purpose of this review is to highlight methodological challenges to the study of African American parenting. Over the past two decades, research on African American parenting has burgeoned, and attempts have been made to address the shortcomings of prior work in this area. Recent studies have shed new light on the heterogeneity of African American parenting and

Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda; Rahil D. Briggs; Sandra G. McClowry; David L. Snow

2008-01-01

487

Patterns of pain descriptor usage in African Americans and European Americans with chronic pain.  

PubMed

This study examined ethnic differences in the use of pain descriptors, comparing standardized pain assessment data from African American and European American patients with heterogeneous chronic pain syndromes. The measure was the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) including the embedded Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Exploratory factor analyses of SF-MPQ data identified differences in factor structure with the VAS loading on a different factor for each group. A 5-factor solution was obtained from the African American group and a 4-factor solution was obtained from the European American group. There was little overlap in the pattern matrices for African American and European American groups. Results suggest that the VAS is as sensitive to ethnic differences as other traditional pain measures. PMID:14992632

Cassisi, Jeffrey E; Umeda, Masataka; Deisinger, Julie A; Sheffer, Christine; Lofland, Kenneth R; Jackson, Cheryl

2004-02-01

488

African American Families’ Expectations and Intentions for Mental Health Services  

PubMed Central

A cross-sectional qualitative descriptive design was used to examine the links among expectations about, experiences with, and intentions toward mental health services. Individual face-to-face interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 32 African American youth/mothers dyads. Content analysis revealed that positive expectations were linked to positive experiences and intentions, that negative expectations were not consistently linked to negative experiences or intentions, nor were ambivalent expectations linked to ambivalent experiences or intentions. Youth were concerned about privacy breeches and mothers about the harmfulness of psychotropic medication. Addressing these concerns may promote African Americans’ engagement in mental health services. PMID:22791083

Thompson, Richard; Dancy, Barbara L.; Wiley, Tisha R.A.; Najdowski, Cynthia J.; Perry, Sylvia P.; Wallis, Jason; Mekawi, Yara; Knafl, Kathleen

2012-01-01

489

Effects of Ethnically Diverse Photographic Stimuli on Preference and Discourse Tasks in African American and Caucasian American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determined whether using photographic stimuli displaying different ethnicity (African American vs. Caucasian American) influenced preference, word count, and number of content units produced by African American or Caucasian American participants. Six photograph pairs depicting common scenes were developed, differing only by model…

Ramkissoon, Ishara; Dagenais, Paul A.; Evans, Kelli J.; Camp, Travis J.; Ferguson, Neina N.

2013-01-01

490

The Effects of Age at Kindergarten Entry on the Reading Proficiency of African American and European American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

European American students are more likely delayed entrance in kindergarten than African American students. This study examined whether age at kindergarten entry influences the reading proficiency skills of African American and European American students at the start of kindergarten, at the end of first grade, and at the end of third grade. Using…

Easton-Brooks, Donald; Brown, Amber

2010-01-01

491

An assessment of home remedy use by African Americans.  

PubMed Central

This analysis represents the first national look at family and individual use of home remedies by African Americans. The purpose is to examine home remedy usage by African-American individuals and their families and assess the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and home remedy usage for African-American families and African-American individuals. Using logistic regression, a secondary analysis of the National Survey on Black Americans (NSBA) data (N = 2107) was conducted to examine factors associated with home remedy use. Multivariate analysis indicated that parent's education, importance of religion, living with a grandparent, and living in a rural area were associated with families' use of home remedies. Age, gender, living with a grandparent, education, and geographic region were associated with individual home remedy use. The results of this research may provide insight to health care practitioners in their challenge of appropriately integrating self-care practices (i.e., home remedy use) and the use of the formal health care system among the patients that utilize both "scientific" and "folk" medical systems. When possible, treatment plans should be adapted to consider patients' demographics, health beliefs, and self-care practices. Health care providers should encourage patient and family involvement and dialogue regarding therapeutic approaches. As more information becomes available, health care practitioners will be better able to ascertain the possible health consequences of concurrent usage of home remedies and prescription drug therapies. PMID:10946530

Boyd, E. L.; Taylor, S. D.; Shimp, L. A.; Semler, C. R.

2000-01-01

492

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in African American children: What can be concluded from the past ten years??  

PubMed Central

Samuel et al. [Samuel, V. J., Curtis, S., Thornell, A., George, P., Taylor, A., Brome, D. R., et al. (1997). The unexplored void of ADHD and African-American research: A review of the literature. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1(4), 197–207.] reviewed the literature on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in African Americans, and found a paucity of research. The present review of 73 articles updates this assessment of available research and presents the current understanding of ADHD symptoms, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment in African American children ages 3–18. The authors conducted a qualitative review, as well as a mini meta-analysis of 5 studies of ADHD symptoms and 5 studies of ADHD diagnosis to clarify the question of racial differences in prevalence. African American youth had more ADHD symptoms (Cohen's d = 0.45, p<.001), yet were diagnosed with ADHD only two-thirds as often as Caucasian youth (OR = .66, p<.001). This pattern was not explained by teacher rating bias or by SES, but may be influenced by parent beliefs about ADHD, higher rates of risk, and lack of treatment access and utilization. Lower treatment rates may be related to high rates of classroom behavior problems among African American youth. Findings also suggest that existing assessment tools may not adequately capture ADHD manifestation in African Americans. Findings highlight the need for more investigation and awareness of relevant cultural issues to inform a culturally competent approach to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of ADHD in African Americans. PMID:19008029

Miller, Torri W.; Nigg, Joel T.; Miller, Robin L.

2015-01-01

493

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in African American children: what can be concluded from the past ten years?  

PubMed

Samuel et al. [Samuel, V. J., Curtis, S., Thornell, A., George, P., Taylor, A., Brome, D. R., et al. (1997). The unexplored void of ADHD and African-American research: A review of the literature. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1(4), 197-207.] reviewed the literature on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in African Americans, and found a paucity of research. The present review of 73 articles updates this assessment of available research and presents the current understanding of ADHD symptoms, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment in African American children ages 3-18. The authors conducted a qualitative review, as well as a mini meta-analysis of 5 studies of ADHD symptoms and 5 studies of ADHD diagnosis to clarify the question of racial differences in prevalence. African American youth had more ADHD symptoms (Cohen's d=0.45, p<.001), yet were diagnosed with ADHD only two-thirds as often as Caucasian youth (OR=.66, p<.001). This pattern was not explained by teacher rating bias or by SES, but may be influenced by parent beliefs about ADHD, higher rates of risk, and lack of treatment access and utilization. Lower treatment rates may be related to high rates of classroom behavior problems among African American youth. Findings also suggest that existing assessment tools may not adequately capture ADHD manifestation in African Americans. Findings highlight the need for more investigation and awareness of relevant cultural issues to inform a culturally competent approach to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of ADHD in African Americans. PMID:19008029

Miller, Torri W; Nigg, Joel T; Miller, Robin L

2009-02-01

494

Characterizing and explaining differences in cognitive test performance between African American and European American older adults  

PubMed Central

The present study examined differences in cognitive performance of African American and European American older adults on cognitive and intellectual measures, and the extent to which literacy status or reading level was useful in explaining these group differences. African American elders performed more poorly than European American elders on twelve of thirteen cognitive tests administered, p < .05. After controlling for reading level achievement, differences in performance became non-significant for five of these twelve tests. Nonetheless, some differences persisted, suggesting that other potential mediators of race differences remain to be explored in future research. PMID:18189169

Morgan, Adrienne T. Aiken; Marsiske, Michael; Whitfield, Keith E.

2007-01-01

495

Associate ProfessorThe Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies (AAADS) and the Department of History at Indiana University seek to hire a scholar of  

E-print Network

) and the Department of History at Indiana University seek to hire a scholar of twentieth-century African American departments seek to build upon existing strengths in African American history and are especially interested Employer. We encourage women and minority candidates to apply. Department of African American and African

Indiana University

496

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

MedlinePLUS

... aware of this important aspect of person life. • Mental illness is frequently stigmatized and misunderstood in the African ... were uninsured in the preceeding year. • Experiences of mental illness vary across cultures, and there is a need ...

497

Prosopis pod production - comparison of North American, South American, Hawaiian, and African germplasm in young plantations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prosopis pod production was compared in 3 field trials in southern California, i.e., a typical orchard planting, an irrigation trial, and a heat\\/drought stress trial. Thirteen species representing North American, South American, Hawaiian, and African germplasm were evaluated. Hawaiian and African accessions were eliminated from the irrigation trial by a minus 5°C temperature. The most productive pod producers were P.

P. Felker; P. R. Clark; J. F. Osborn; G. H. Cannell

2009-01-01

498

Prosopis pod production: comparison of North American, South American, Hawaiin, and African germplasm in young plantations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prosopis pod production was compared in 3 field trials in southern California, i.e., a typical orchard planting, an irrigation trial, and a heat\\/drought stress trial. Thirteen species representing North American, South American, Hawaiian, and African germplasm were evaluated. Hawaiian and African accessions were eliminated from the irrigation trial by a minus 5°C temperature. The most productive pod producers were P.

P. Felker; P. R. Clark; J. F. Osborn; G. H. Cannell

2009-01-01

499

The health status of African-American elderly.  

PubMed Central

This article reviews the health status of African-American elderly, based on a computerized search of the medical literature from 1987 to 1991, as well as careful review of the report of the Secretary of Health's Task Force on Black and Minority Health. Black Americans have a higher prevalence of malignancies, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, homicide, and unintentional injury than white Americans. These problems contribute to a high mortality rate in young blacks and a greater prevalence of problems with activities of daily living in elderly blacks. Despite the high disease burden among young blacks, blacks are living progressively longer. As the number of elderly blacks increases, health-care practitioners will need to increase risk factor reduction in young-old blacks. Additionally, there will be a need for increased support of physical functioning in elderly African American. PMID:8350373

Bernard, M. A.

1993-01-01

500

Home Front as Warfront: African American World War I Drama  

E-print Network

furthers my analysis of the later plays and is especially helpful when, for example, Sweet Land touts a fairly standard Communist Party plot but incorporates Christian imagery, combining two typically disparate ideologies and making something new... and democracy” (Hutchinson 42). In contrast to these three nationalist-centered modes of thought, another facet of the debate about African Americans’ “Americanness” came from the far left. The Socialist and Communist parties, while promoting divergent...

Egging, Anna Katherine

2010-08-31