Note: This page contains sample records for the topic african american teacher from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Perceptions of African American and European American Teachers on the Education of African American Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors interviewed 27 teachers (16 African American and 11 European American) on instructional factors contributing to overidentification of behavior problems in African American boys. Interviews focused on teachers' perspectives of effective teachers, teacher-student relationships, and communication styles. Analysis of the interviews showed…

Bacon, Ellen; Banks, Joy; Young, Kathryn; Jackson, Francesina R.

2007-01-01

2

Prospective Teachers Experiences Teaching Mathematics to African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an effort to provide prospective teachers opportunities to better understand African American male students and better focus on how they learn mathematics. Prospective teachers spent 15 hours over an eight week span mentoring and tutoring African American males without the guise of practicing teachers. Qualitative data drawn…

Sheppard, Peter

2009-01-01

3

Teacher Efficacy Ratings by African American and European American Preservice Teachers at a Historically Black University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine factor structures of a modified form of Gibson and Dembos Teacher Efficacy Scale with a combined total of 123 African American and European American preservice teachers at a historically Black university, test for differences between participants on teacher efficacy, and examine relationships among…

Mccray Sorrells, Audrey; Schaller, James; Kueifen Yang, Nancy

2004-01-01

4

Conceptualizing the African American Mathematics Teacher as a Key Figure in the African American Education Historical Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Historians and researchers have documented and explored the work and role of African American teachers in the U.S. educational system, yet there has been limited attention to the specific work, role, and experiences of African American mathematics teachers. To meaningfully and responsibly conceptualize the role of African

Clark, Lawrence M.; Jones Frank, Toya; Davis, Julius

2013-01-01

5

African-American English: Teacher Beliefs, Teacher Needs and Teacher Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate elementary school teachers' self-perceived beliefs regarding African-American English (AAE), and their professional preparedness to address linguistic needs of AA students in the classrooms. The findings revealed three central issues: (1) teachers had limited understanding of the linguistic…

Gupta, Abha

2010-01-01

6

Recruiting Highly Qualified African American Teachers in American Urban Public Schools: A Qualitative Collective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the qualitative collective case study is to identify the weaknesses in the methods used to recruit highly qualified African American preservice teachers in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. The data collection process consisted of one-on-one, open-ended interview questions with 10 highly qualified African American public school…

James, LaNora Marcell

2011-01-01

7

Personal Investments, Professional Gains: Strategies of African American Women Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As African American mothers and teacher educators, the authors' investment in teacher education is both personal and professional. The authors build upon these personal and professional investments in their teaching practices with primarily White pre-service teachers, in the hopes of better preparing them to teach African American children. This…

Dixson, Adrienne D.; Dingus, Jeannine E.

2006-01-01

8

We Are More Than Numbers: African American Students' Perceptions of Exemplary Mathematics Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compilation of perceptions of six African American college students regarding exemplary mathematics teaching practices. Reports three practices or characteristics of exemplary teachers that students mentioned consistently: teacher availability, classroom discourse, and clear explanations. (Contains 34 references.) (Author/PKP)

Powell-Mikle, Angiline

2003-01-01

9

Exploring the Meaning African American PETE Teacher Candidates Ascribe to Their Aquatic Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) programs typically require their graduates to learn to swim proficiently. However, the research base is underdeveloped regarding the aquatic experiences of African Americans in PETE programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning African American PETE teacher candidates ascribe to their…

Sato, Takahiro; Hodge, Samuel R.

2012-01-01

10

Educating African American Males: Examining Teacher Perceptions and Cultural Interpretations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many decades, society has struggled with academic underachievement, particularly among African American males. Although a myriad of studies have identified significant causal factors of African American academic underachievement from the perspectives and circumstances of the student, limited studies focus on this problem from the perspective…

Rivers, Celeste A.

2010-01-01

11

An Exploratory Study of the Career Decisions of African American and Hispanic Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need for culturally diverse teachers. Weiher (2000) studied the relationship between African American and Hispanic student achievement and schools with teachers from diverse ethnic backgrounds. Results indicated the greater the difference between the percentage of ethnically diverse teachers and the percentage of diverse students, the…

Waller, Johnnye

2010-01-01

12

African American Pre-Service Teachers' Perspectives on Urban Education: An Exploration at an HBCU  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to better understand African American pre-service teachers' perspectives on urban education. Over a 2-year period, pre-experience and post-experience surveys were conducted at a Historically Black University (HBCU) after pre-service teachers completed an urban education immersion course in order to frame their understanding of…

Mawhinney, Lynnette; Mulero, Loribel; Perez, Cynthia

2012-01-01

13

Teacher-Student Relationships among Behaviorally At-Risk African American Youth from Low-Income Backgrounds: Student Perceptions, Teacher Perceptions, and Socioemotional Adjustment Correlates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examines teacher-student relationships among African American youth from low-income backgrounds (N = 193). Students and their teachers completed measures of teacher-student relationship quality and measures pertaining to emotional, behavioral, and school-related adjustment. Results indicated that African American youth who fell…

Murray, Christopher; Zvoch, Keith

2011-01-01

14

Educating African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Schools across America spend money, invest in programs, and sponsor workshops, offer teacher incentives, raise accountability standards, and even evoke the name of Obama in efforts to raise the academic achievement of African American males. Incarceration and college retention rates point to a dismal plight for many African American

Bell, Edward E.

2010-01-01

15

Teachers' Expected Function and the Behavior of African American Males in Middle Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators have employed numerous strategies to address the problem of inappropriate student classroom behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between the role of the teacher or expected function and the behavior of African American male students in the educational environment. The research questions were…

Cooper, Jacquelene

2011-01-01

16

Reflecting on Racism: School Involvement and Perceived Teacher Discrimination in African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships among maternal perceptions of racial discrimination, mother-teacher relationship quality, and school involvement were examined in this sample of 73 African American mothers of kindergarteners and first graders. Mothers reported time spent in school-related activities at home, their attitudes about the importance of school…

Rowley, Stephanie J.; Helaire, Lumas J.; Banerjee, Meeta

2010-01-01

17

Teacher and Observer Ratings of Young African American Children's Social and Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's social and emotional competence abilities have been linked to successful social interactions and academic performance. This study examined the teacher and observer ratings of social and emotional competence for 89 young (3- to 5-year-old), African American children from economically stressed urban environments. There was a specific…

Humphries, Marisha L.; Keenan, Kate; Wakschlag, Lauren S.

2012-01-01

18

Cancer and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... life expectancy for both African American men and African American women. In 2009, African American men were 1.3 ... compared to non-Hispanic white men. In 2009, African American women were 10% less likely to have been diagnosed ...

19

Using a Non-Traditional Scheduled Program To Meet a Community Need for African American Male School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how Marygrove College, an "Implementing Urban Missions" grantee, partnered with the Detroit Public Schools to design an innovative program called "Marygrove Griots" that prepares mid-career African American men from other professions to become teachers. (EV)

Okezie, Chukwunyere E.; McClanaghan, Mary Ellen; McFedries, Gale; Graves, E. Harden

2002-01-01

20

The Political Economy of Teacher Quality in School MathematicsAfrican American Males, Opportunity Structures, Politics, and Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mathematics education is linked to modern technological advancement, citizenship, and matters of political economy. Access to quality mathematics teachers can have a profound influence on African American males. This article focuses on several salient issues related to the question “What is a qualified teacher?” In particular, the article describes common concerns and challenges associated with teacher quality and the advancement

William F. Tate

2008-01-01

21

Rethinking "Turner v. Keefe": The Parallel Mobilization of African-American and White Teachers in Tampa, Florida, 1936-1946  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1941, members of the local unit of the Florida State Teachers Association (FSTA) met in Tampa to plan a lawsuit against Hillsborough County's school board for paying African-American teachers less than white teachers. Hilda Turner, who taught history and economics at Tampa's historically black high school, agreed to serve as plaintiff; she was…

Shircliffe, Barbara J.

2012-01-01

22

Identifying New Sources of African American Male Pre-Service Teachers: Creating a Path from Student-Athlete to Student-Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative research study examined the experiences of one African American former college athlete and two athletic department academic advisors at a BCS Division University in the Southern Region of the United States, Given the catastrophic shortage of African American male K-12 teachers, the participants of this study were interviewed to…

Byrd, David A.; Butler, Bettie Ray; Lewis, Chance W.; Bonner, Fred A., II; Rutledge, Michael; Watson, Jesse J.

2011-01-01

23

Successful White Mathematics Teachers of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, a growing disparity exists between the racial composition of teachers and the students they teach. In 2006, 43.1% of K-12 public school students were reported as non-White--in 1990, 32.4% (U.S. Department of Education, 2008). Teachers, however, are predominantly White, 83.3% (U.S. Department of Education, 2007a). Exacerbating…

Bidwell, Carla R.

2010-01-01

24

Examination of factors which may contribute to the underrepresentation of African American teachers certified in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout this country the student population is becoming increasingly diverse, yet the teacher population does not reflect this diversity. This lack of diversity in the teacher population deprives students of color from having role models of the same race/ethnicity who look like them and who might have experiences which are similar to theirs (Epstein, 2005; Nettles & Perna, 1997). Having role models from their own race in the classroom could have a positive impact on students' attitudes about science (Perine, 2003), and facilitate their learning of the subject matter, and give students an incentive to do well in school (Vegas, Murnane, & Willett, 2001). In 2000, a national survey study of math and science teachers was conducted (Horizon Research, 2001). The majority of biology (90%), chemistry (93%), and physics (94%) teachers who participated in the study were White. Findings of the study revealed that only 55% to 60% of these teachers considered themselves well prepared to effectively teach a culturally diverse student population (Banilower, 2002; Smith, 2002; Wood, 2002). The majority of the teacher pool, which is White, prefer not to teach in urban communities as they have a preference for teaching jobs in the nonurban communities that are similar to those in which they were raised (Boyd, Lankford, Loeb, & Wyckoff, 2005; Epstein, 2005). The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine factors that may contribute to the underrepresentation of African American teachers certified in science. More specifically, it was decided to examine the high school experiences of in-service teachers. Study participants were teachers and other certificated faculty in two school districts located in the southern portion of the United States. Findings of the study revealed a statistically significant relationship between a teacher's decision to become certified in science and the following high school experiences: teachers and guidance counselors encouraging students to consider a career in science; having confidence in one's academic ability in science class; good student-teacher relationships; teachers and guidance counselors encouraging students to take higher level science courses; teachers having high expectations, overall, for all of their students. Upon examination of these experiences, it was revealed that: not being encouraged as much as other students to take higher level science courses; being discouraged from taking higher level science courses more than other students; the lack of availability of advance level science courses; and not taking at least three science courses create barriers to African American teachers becoming certified in science.

Davis, Rita C. F.

25

Multiple Case Studies of Literacy Practices Utilized by Intermediate Grade Teachers Which Enable African American Males to Become Literate Individuals--What's Going On?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate ways in which six teachers in the intermediate grades at one urban and one rural school enabled their African American male students to be successful in their literacy efforts. It was my assumption that successful teachers of African American males would also be teachers who integrated…

Wooten, Cynthia Brooks

2010-01-01

26

Racial and Emotional Factors Predicting Teachers' Perceptions of Classroom Behavioral Maladjustment for Urban African American Male Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the predictive influence of students' reactive emotional coping and racial socialization experiences on teachers' perceptions of classroom behavior adjustment problems. Participants were 148 African American male youth attending a secondary school in a large northeastern city. Behavioral outcomes included teacher

Thomas, Duane E.; Coard, Stephanie I.; Stevenson, Howard C.; Bentley, Keisha; Zamel, Pamela

2009-01-01

27

No Child Left Behind and Outreach to Families and Communities: The Perspectives of Exemplary African-American Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines the perspectives of eight exemplary African-American science teachers toward No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act and their outreach to families and communities in the context of the USA. Data revealed that whereas these exemplary teachers applauded the general intent of NCLB, they were concerned with its overemphasis on…

Coats, Linda T.; Xu, Jianzhong

2013-01-01

28

Relationships between Low-Income African American Mothers and Their Home Visitors: A Parents as Teachers Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships that developed between low-income African American mothers and home visitors in a Parents as Teachers program were studied. Qualitative open-ended interviews were conducted with mothers. Results indicated that even though the program was designed to deliver the same curriculum to all parents, there were differences in the focus of…

Woolfolk, Tara N.; Unger, Donald G.

2009-01-01

29

“No More Mr. Nice Guy”: Preservice Teachers' Conflict With Classroom Management in a Predominantly African-American Urban Elementary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using methods of naturalistic inquiry, this study examines preservice teachers' conflict with classroom management strategies used in a predominantly African-American urban elementary school. It highlights the theory\\/practice dilemma, focusing on the tensions between the democratic strategies taught in university classes and the more authoritarian strategies actually found in the urban classrooms. The use of power and caring, evident in the

Karen M. Higgins; Jean Moule

2009-01-01

30

Through a Limiting Lens: Comparing Student, Parent, and Teacher Perspectives of African American Boys' Support for School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three qualitative case studies of elementary school African American boys demonstrate differing perspectives of the school-related support that students experience. Three boys, their teachers, and their parents/guardians identified various individuals as supportive in the boys' schooling. These individuals included co-residential family members,…

Hilgendorf, Amy E.

2012-01-01

31

The Underrepresentation of African American Female Students in STEM Fields: Implications for Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American women are underrepresented in STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) fields (Catsambis, 1994). The socialization and "under-education" of African American female students engenders ideas of inferiority, while the presence of an inferior race, sex and class, in one body, may produce an ideology of mediocrity. Data…

Farinde, Abiola A.; Lewis, Chance W.

2012-01-01

32

A Qualitative Study Examining the Best Practices of Effective Teachers of African American Elementary School Students in a Midwestern Urban District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is twofold. First, this research seeks to illuminate best practices of teachers who advance learning and achievement of African American students. Second, this study seeks to provide educators and administrators strategies they might utilize to increase the achievement of their African-American students in order to…

Crawford, Angelina

2011-01-01

33

Oppression, Reflection, and Advocacy in the Classroom: One Teacher-Researcher Reflects on Her Research and Practices Involving African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I--a White, French-immersion teacher-researcher--engage in a reflective examination of my research and teaching practices involving African American students. My critical reflection of my research examines the instruments used in my comparative study of African American students' experiences in the French-immersion context and the…

Haj-Broussard, Michelle

2006-01-01

34

Stroke and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... content can be found in the these categories: Content Index > Data/Statistics > Data by Health Topic > Stroke Content Index > Health Topics > Stroke > Stroke Data/Statistics Stroke and African Americans African American adults ...

35

Immunizations and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... content can be found in the these categories: Content Index > Data/Statistics > Data by Health Topic > Immunizations Content Index > Health Topics > Immunizations > Immunizations Data/Statistics Immunizations and African Americans African American adults ...

36

Seeking Effective Schools for African American Children: Strategies for Teachers and School Managers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook focuses on five long-standing correlates for effective schools postulated by the late Ron Edmonds. Edmonds searched long and hard for those variables that were present in successful inner-city schools populated primarily by African American children. His work demonstrated that it is possible to educate so-called hard-to-reach…

Bryant, Bunyan; Jones, Alan H.

37

Mental Health and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... are Non-Hispanic Blacks. The death rate from suicide for African American men was almost four times ... for African American women, in 2009. However, the suicide rate for African Americans is 60% lower than ...

38

Promoting Academic Achievement: The Role of Racial Identity in Buffering Perceptions of Teacher Discrimination on Academic Achievement among African American and Caribbean Black Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined the moderating effects of different dimensions racial identity (i.e., racial centrality and public regard) on perceptions of teacher discrimination and academic achievement among a nationally represented sample of African American and Caribbean Black adolescents. The findings revealed that perceived teacher

Thomas, Oseela N.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Faison, Nkesha; Jackson, James S.

2009-01-01

39

16 Extraordinary African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection for children tells the stories of 16 African Americans who helped make America what it is today. African Americans can take pride in the heritage of these contributors to society. Biographies are given for the following: (1) Sojourner Truth, preacher and abolitionist; (2) Frederick Douglass, abolitionist; (3) Harriet Tubman, leader…

Lobb, Nancy

40

Infant Mortality and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... African Americans, 2009. (Rates per 100,000 live births) Cause of Death (By rank) # African American Deaths African American Death Rate #Non- Hispanic White Deaths Non- Hispanic White Death Rate African American/ Non- Hispanic White Ratio (1) Low-Birthweight 1,734 284.5 1,629 73. ...

41

Diabetes in African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Moving towards prevention of Type 2 Diabetes This music CD helps African Americans incorporate more physical activity ... move more. Three songs from the popular Movimiento music CD also are included. This CD also contains ...

42

JSTOR: African American Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

JSTOR has available this title in its collection of full-text, online journals. African American Review, the quarterly publication of the Division on Black American Literature and Culture of the Modern Language Association, is published by Indiana State University, and includes Volumes 1-33, 1967-1999. AAR continues Black American Literature Forum (1976-1991) and Negro American Literature Forum (1967-1976). Note: access to JSTOR content is currently available only on a site license basis to academic institutions.

1999-01-01

43

African-Americans and Alzheimer's  

MedlinePLUS

... Share Plus on Google Plus African-Americans and Alzheimer's alz.org | IHaveAlz Introduction 10 Warning Signs Brain ... African-Americans are at a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease. Many Americans dismiss the warning signs of ...

44

Developing a Multicultural Curriculum in a Predominantly White Teaching Context: Lessons From an African American Teacher in a Suburban English Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author sought to understand an African American English teacher's multicultural curriculum transformation and teaching in a suburban, mostly White, high school. Building on Banks's (1998) model of multicultural curriculum integration, the study focused on a context that might otherwise be ignored because there was not a large student-of-color…

Milner, H. Richard

2005-01-01

45

Toward a theory of culturally relevant critical teacher care: African American teachers’ definitions and perceptions of care for African American students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing research evidence on the ethic of care suggests that caring should be an integral part of the pedagogical methods implemented in schools. However, the colour blind ‘community of care’ often described in the literature does not disaggregate lines of ethnicity or race and much of this existing literature concerns elementary? and middle?school students. This phenomenological study examined teacher care

Mari Ann Roberts

2010-01-01

46

Instructing African American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Closing the educational achievement gap has been a schooling issue since Brown v. Board of Topeka, Kansas decision. Generally, the learning achievement of elementary and secondary African-American student has been an issue in majority school populations across the United States. And evidence of performance of these students appears to be more…

Young, Clara Y.; Wright, James V.; Laster, Joseph

2005-01-01

47

Teaching Experiences of African American Educators in the Rural South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A scarcity of research exists regarding the voices of African American teachers who taught in the rural South. In this study, we report the life experiences, perceptions, thoughts, and feelings of three female African American educators as they pertain to their experiences teaching before, during, and after desegregation. Three female African

Polidore, Ellene; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2010-01-01

48

African American Teachers in Suburban Desegregated Schools: Intergroup Differences and the Impact of Performance Pressures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: There is much literature that examines how the desegregation literature had implications for majority teachers and its impact on students of color. However, little has been written about the experiences of teachers of color working in suburban desegregated majority schools. Focus of Study: This article examines how intergroup…

Mabokela, Reitumetse Obakeng; Madsen, Jean A.

2007-01-01

49

Legacy of a Pioneer African American Educator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose was to reconstruct the historical and legendary contribution of one exemplary African American physical education teacher educator who lived and worked in the Deep South prior to and immediately following the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education court case. The following questions guided data collection and analysis: To what…

Cazers, Gunars; Curtner-Smith, Matthew

2013-01-01

50

A Phenomenological Study: African-American Males in the Educational Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological research study explored the perceptions and lived experiences of African-American male teachers related to the underrepresentation of African-American males in the teaching profession. The study was guided by four research questions. The data was collected from 15 African-American male teachers at the elementary school level,…

Williams, Kristopher

2012-01-01

51

Statistical Profile of Older African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... African American men and 61 percent of older African American women reported good, very good, or excellent health status. ... among those aged 85 or older. Similarly, among African American women, this rate declined from 65 percent at ages ...

52

African-American Students' Perceptions of Caring Teacher Behaviors in Catholic and Public Schools of Choice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceptions of students about caring teachers were studied in secondary Catholic and public magnet schools. Both types of schools were schools of choice, attended through student and family choice and not assignment by neighborhood. The sample for the study came from a national, federally funded project that studied the relationship between…

Nelson, Mark D.; Bauch, Patricia A.

53

A Qualitative Investigation of African American Males' Career Trajectory in Engineering: Implications for Teachers, School Counselors, and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the grounded theory approach, this research investigation, drawing on a larger study, examined the factors that were most instrumental in influencing African American males' decisions to pursue engineering as an academic major and career choice. Using open-ended biographical questionnaires, individual interviews, and focus groups, numerous…

Moore, James L., III

2006-01-01

54

Heart Disease and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... in the these categories: Content Index > Data/Statistics > Data by Health Topic > Heart Disease Content Index > Health Topics > Heart Disease > Heart Disease and African Americans Although African American adults are 40 percent more likely to have high blood pressure, they are half as likely than ...

55

African-American Psychological Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the study was to define psychological health from the individual perspectives of African-American women and men of different age groups, and to develop a global definition for all African-Americans. The findings suggest that characteristics of psychological health may be the same across race, although specific interpretations and…

Edwards, Karen L.

1989-01-01

56

Designing Effective Library Services for African American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Obama signed the "White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for African Americans" on July 26, 2012. This executive order recognizes that many "African Americans lack equal access to highly effective teachers and principals, safe schools, and challenging college preparatory classes, and disproportionately experience…

Hughes-Hassell, Sandra

2013-01-01

57

HIV among African American Youth  

MedlinePLUS

... of new infections among young black males and accounting for more new infections (4,800 in 2010) ... and family. Socioeconomic factors: The stark social and economic realities that exist in some African American communities ...

58

Diabetes in African American Youth  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To report the prevalence and incidence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among African American youth and to describe demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—Data from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study, a population-based, multicenter observational study of youth with clinically diagnosed diabetes aged 0–19 years, were used to estimate the prevalence for calendar year 2001 (692 cases) and incidence based on 748 African American case subjects diagnosed in 2002–2005. Characteristics of these youth were obtained during a research visit for 436 African American youth with type 1 diabetes and 212 African American youth with type 2 diabetes. RESULTS—Among African American youth aged 0–9 years, prevalence (per 1,000) of type 1 diabetes was 0.57 (95% CI 0.47–0.69) and for those aged 10–19 years 2.04 (1.85–2.26). Among African American youth aged 0–9 years, annual type 1 diabetes incidence (per 100,000) was 15.7 (13.7–17.9) and for those aged 10–19 years 15.7 (13.8–17.8). A1C was ?9.5% among 50% of youth with type 1 diabetes aged ?15 years. Across age-groups and sex, 44.7% of African American youth with type 1 diabetes were overweight or obese. Among African American youth aged 10–19 years, prevalence (per 1,000) of type 2 diabetes was 1.06 (0.93–1.22) and annual incidence (per 100,000) was 19.0 (16.9–21.3). About 60% of African American youth with type 2 diabetes had an annual household income of <$25,000. Among those aged ?15 years, 27.5% had an A1C ?9.5%, 22.5% had high blood pressure, and, across subgroups of age and sex, >90% were overweight or obese. CONCLUSIONS—Type 1 diabetes presents a serious burden among African American youth aged <10 years, and African American adolescents are impacted substantially by both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J.; Beyer, Jennifer; Bell, Ronny A.; Dabelea, Dana; D'Agostino, Ralph; Imperatore, Giuseppina; Lawrence, Jean M.; Liese, Angela D.; Liu, Lenna; Marcovina, Santica; Rodriguez, Beatriz

2009-01-01

59

A Case Study of the Social Needs of Danisha: An Underachieving Gifted African-American Female.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of a 15-year-old gifted, underachieving African-American female 9th grader explores underachievement among gifted African-American females through her perceptions of peer relations, teacher expectations, and curricular issues. Recommendations are made to improve her educational experiences and those of other gifted African-American

Grantham, Tarek C.; Ford, Donna Y.

1998-01-01

60

A Study of Mathematics and Science Achievement Scores among African American Students and the Impact of Teacher-Oriented Variables on Them through the Educational Longitudinal Study, 2002 (ELS: 2002) Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation was to utilize the ELS: 2002 longitudinal data to highlight the achievement of African American students relative to other racial sub-groups in mathematics and science and to highlight teacher oriented variables that might influence their achievement. Various statistical tools, including descriptive statistics,…

Walker, Valentine

2011-01-01

61

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

MedlinePLUS

... 2 percent of psychologists and 4 percent of social workers in the United States are African American. • African Americans tend to rely on family, religious and social communities for emotional support rather than turning to ...

62

Technical Consulting: The African-American Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The qualitative research study explored the organizational characteristics necessary in addressing the low concentration of African American technical consultants employed in the information technology industry. Using research participants' professional experience, participants responded to a developed questionnaire. African American technical…

Whitfield, Tracy N.

2010-01-01

63

Statistical Profile of Older African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... relatives, and 28 percent lived alone. For older African American women, 24 percent lived with their spouses, 35 percent ... 39 percent lived alone. The percentage of older African American women living alone (39 percent) is almost twice that ...

64

African-American Attitudes Concerning African-American English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past 25 years, controversy has developed over the value and use of African-American (AA) English. This study examined the opinions of AAs from a variety of backgrounds and communities in California and Georgia to obtain their views on AA English; its place in the school, in the community, and in AA heritage; and its role in the futures of…

Carter, Linda Carol

65

Engaging African Americans in Smoking Cessation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans are disproportionately exposed to and targeted by prosmoking advertisements, particularly menthol cigarette ads. Though African Americans begin smoking later than whites, they are less likely to quit smoking than whites. Purpose: This study was designed to explore African American smoking cessation attitudes,…

Wallen, Jacqueline; Randolph, Suzanne; Carter-Pokras, Olivia; Feldman, Robert; Kanamori-Nishimura, Mariano

2014-01-01

66

The Education of African-Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 17 papers in this volume are products of a study group on the education of African Americans that was part of a national project, "The Assessment of the Status of African-Americans." The volume takes a comprehensive look at the education of African Americans, specifically early childhood through postsecondary education, and relevant public…

Willie, Charles V., Ed.; And Others

67

Freedom Road: Adult Education of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains six chapters by various authors about the history of African Americans' contributions and participation in adult education. The book reports on how some African American leaders saw the connection between education and the eventual freedom or uplift of the African American people. Following a foreword (Phyllis M. Cunningham) and…

Peterson, Elizabeth A., Ed.

68

Complex Syntax Production of African American Preschoolers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined changes in the complex syntax production of 85 African American preschoolers and the role of child (gender, age, African American English) and family (home environment) factors. Age, gender, and home environment effects were found for the amount of complex language used. African American English was not related to amount of…

Jackson, Sandra C.; Roberts, Joanne E.

2001-01-01

69

African Americans and Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

MedlinePLUS

... especially heavy toll on African Americans, particularly young African American women and men. For example, blacks represent just 14 ... in poverty. t Higher rates of incarceration among African American men have led to imbalanced ratios of men to women in black communities, which can help fuel the ...

70

Chronic Liver Disease and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... and IBD cancer than non-Hispanic White men. African American women are 1.4 times more likely to die ... Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women Cancer African American Women Non-Hispanic White Women African American/Non-Hispanic ...

71

Beyond Parenting Practices: Extended Kinship Support and the Academic Adjustment of African-American and European-American Teens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined adolescents' perceptions of parenting practices and extended kinship support in relation to academic adjustment for 104 African American and 60 European American 9th and 10th graders (14 and 15 year olds). For African-American teens, parental acceptance was associated with school values, teacher bonding, and work orientation.…

Pallock, Linda L.; Lamborn, Susie D.

2006-01-01

72

Mapping the African American Past  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mapping the African American Past (MAAP) project, produced by a team of researchers and specialists at Columbia University, offers a marriage of African American history and geography in New York City. The project was funded by JPMorganChase, and it allows users to navigate through sites of importance to the African American community throughout the city's past. New visitors may wish to start by watching the short film, "Introduction to MAAP", and then move on over to the "Place in Focus" feature. Here they can learn about places like Five Points, the Abyssinian Baptist Church, and the home of David Ruggles. They can also use an interactive map to toggle through places associated with certain time periods, such as the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. Additionally, the site also contains lesson plans that address topics that include African American community and culture and "Building New York". The site is rounded out by a series of podcasts which cover all 52 locations featured on the MAAP website.

73

African American Women and Mentoring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mentoring experiences of African American women and the potential of mentoring for improving their circumstances are explored. To develop insight into mentoring, a brief pilot survey was designed using a definition of mentoring derived from the literature, specifically from the characteristics described by J. E. Blackwell. The 21-item…

Howard-Vital, Michelle R.; Morgan, Rosalind

74

Classic African American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to assert that there are classic African American children's books and to identify a sampling of them. The author presents multiple definitions of the term classic based on the responses of children's literature experts and relevant scholarship. Next, the manner in which data were collected and analyzed in regard to…

McNair, Jonda C.

2010-01-01

75

Suicide among African American Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents empirical contributions to the scholarship on African American suicide, particularly among men. Discusses the secular trends in suicide completion and method-specific suicide patterns; the prevalence of ideation and attempts; suicide-related risk factors; evidence-based recommendations for suicide prevention; the need for more effective…

Joe, Sean; Kaplan, Mark S.

2001-01-01

76

The Community Teacher: Perspectives of African-Born Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the question: How do African-born teachers in U.S. urban schools conceptualize the "teacher" and his/her role and characteristics in an African school context? The data resulted in the conceptualization of the teacher as "the community teacher" who is intimately invested and integrated into the community,…

Ukpokodu, Omiunota N.

2012-01-01

77

African Americans and Smoking  

MedlinePLUS

... 2010 A A A Share Print State of Tobacco Control 2014 Bring the Fight for Air to your smartphone. Top Stories More about Smoking Cessation My First Cigarette, and My Last May 30, 2014 CVS Ends Tobacco Sales February 21, 2014 » More American Lung ...

78

African American Alumni Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Digital Collections has tackled everything from Golda Meir to historic street maps in its quest to offer a diverse and wonderful view of the city's rich history. This particular collection brings together a clutch of oral histories that celebrate the African American experience at the institution. Visitors can look over a panel discussion with a range of recent alums titled, "African American Alumni and Students: Stories of Education and Success." Moving on, visitors can hear Clayborn Benson talk about his long career as a photojournalist or watch and listen to G. Spencer Coggs, who has been a prominent member of the Democratic Political Party in Wisconsin for many years. This is quite a trove of first-hand memories and a great tribute to the cityâÂÂs oral traditions.

79

Cultural Expressions of the African American Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interpretations of the differences between the African American child and the Caucasian child in North America follow two major trends. In one the differences in the African American child are viewed as deviance from the Euro-American norm and therefore inferior or pathological. In the other, the differences are viewed as deviant but adaptive…

Akbar, Na'im

80

In Quest of African American Political Woman  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American women, political activists for their entire history on the American continent but long denied the right to vote and hold office, have resorted to nontraditional politics. This article explores the nature and extent of African American women's political participation, beginning with the slave era. As victims of racial and sexual discrimination, these women have been active in the

Jewel L. Prestage

1991-01-01

81

Urban Special Education Teachers' Perception of African American Students as Measured by the Cultural Awareness Beliefs Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, this study examined the relationship between the perceptions of special education teachers and the eight factors (Teacher Beliefs, School climate, Culturally responsive Classroom Management, Home and Community Support, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum and Instruction, Cultural Sensitivity and Teacher

Jackson, Dianna Dale

2010-01-01

82

Culturally Relevant Collective Responsibility among Teachers of African-American Students in a High Poverty Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a construct of collective responsibility which is evident when teachers believe that increased teacher efforts result in increased student learning. The group of teachers in a school that believe their efforts are crucial in the learning process, and are willing to take responsibility for all students, regardless of the students' aptitude…

Gant, Monica Minor

2010-01-01

83

Some African American Males' Perspectives on the Black Woman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents views of Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Malcolm X, and James Hal Cone (African-American male leaders) toward African-American women in the United States. Discusses the role of African-American men in addressing and eradicating sexism in African-American churches and the African-American community. (SLD)

Burrow, Rufus, Jr.

1992-01-01

84

Coming of Age: African American Male Rites-of-Passage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided of issues confronting the African American male, along with a strategy to nurture a new generation of African American males. Chapters 1 and 2 focus on the social status and new demographics of the African American male and the external threats that are devastating to the African American male and the African American

Hill, Paul, Jr.

85

Suicidal Behaviors in the African American Community  

PubMed Central

This article reviews the risk and protective factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors in the African American community. The authors provide a brief review of the history of suicide research in African American communities and critique some of the paradigms and underlying assumptions that have made it difficult to address the problem of suicidal behaviors in the African American community. The article also summarizes the articles that are presented in this special edition of the Journal of Black Psychology on suicidality in the African American community.

Crosby, Alex; Molock, Sherry Davis

2006-01-01

86

African American Principals and the Legacy of "Brown"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1954 "Brown v. Board of Education" decision is significant with respect to African Americans in the principalship for several reasons. First, teachers, principals, and parents were the most important influences in the education of Black children in the pre-"Brown" era of schooling. Thus, discussions about the "Brown" decision and the education…

Tillman, Linda C.

2004-01-01

87

Cradle to third life: An autobiography of an African-American science educator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This inquiry used reflective autobiographical research to reveal my beliefs, values, and practices of science teaching by using participatory action research with two students of my science tutoring organization. Also, I conducted an ethnographic inquiry using African-American teachers to understand how my early schooling experiences influenced my beliefs, values, and science practices. I collected data for this inquiry from three African-American teachers through interview-conversation that were videotaped and audiotaped. In addition, I audiotaped two African-American students' tutoring practices along with students' and researcher's journals. The findings indicate that African-American teachers during the school years 1942-1954 used families, churches, and communities to secure teaching resources to provide equal education for their African-American students who received limited resources from the board of education. Also indicated was how African-American teachers instilled in their African-American students a level of motivation that remained with some African-American students for their future endeavors. This researcher's beliefs/values similar to those of her segregated teachers emerged from this action research. Researcher's additional beliefs/values arose out of emerging technologies in teaching science. However, I, as the researcher, believe that the origin of my beliefs/values occurred during those segregated, public school experiences at Monitor Schools during the school years 1942-1954.

Caruthers-Jackson, Sarah

88

Pedagogies of Protest: African American Teachers and the History of the Civil Rights Movement, 1940-1963  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Although the dominant narrative of the civil rights movement marginalizes the role of black educators, revisionist scholars have shown that a significant number of black teachers encouraged student protest and activism. There has, however, been little analysis of the work of black teachers inside segregated schools in the…

Baker, Scott

2011-01-01

89

American Association of Physics Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) homepage provides AAPT news; information on membership; announcements of meetings as well as highlights and abstracts of past meetings; online publications such as the American Journal of Physics, the Physics Teacher, and the Announcer magazine; links to other publications such as Physics Today; information on AAPT high school and college programs; AAPT organizational information and policies on teaching physics; and a directory of local organizations of physics teachers (AAPT sections).

90

Environmental health and African Americans.  

PubMed Central

As environmental health has taken on immensely increased significance in the prevention of disease, dysfunction, and premature death, its boundaries have been anything but stable. This instability, along with a multitude of demographic, social, and economic currents, have brought into stark relief the increasing demand for scientists who have the skills and knowledge to perform environmental risk assessment and implement effective risk management policies and services. Despite this demand far too few African Americans want, or are prepared, to pursue careers in sciences. This paper describes efforts to address this problem and suggests why such initiatives may not yield the desired results.

Walker, B

1991-01-01

91

National African American Photographic Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This glorious collection is a collaborative effort between the University Libraries, University of Memphis and Ampro Industries, Inc. of Memphis. The project's goal is "to collect, scan, and make available to the public photographs and informative metadata illustrating the daily and work lives and social activities of African Americans." Currently the project has over 450 items that are searchable by name or available for browsing. First-time visitors may want to start by looking at the Robert R. Church Family of Memphis slideshow. This visual vignette features studio portraits of the Church family and images taken in a variety of settings. [KMG

92

AIDS among African Americans: A Social Epidemic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the history of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the United States. Surveillance data are given for several groups of African Americans, including women and men who have sex with men. AIDS cumulative incidence among African Americans in the next several years is projected. (SLD)

Jenkins, Bill; And Others

1993-01-01

93

African Americans and the Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly outlines the ways race and technology shaped: (1) the early enslavement of African Americans; (2) the work of bondsmen and women during the antebellum era; and (3) the increasing urbanization of the African American population during the industrial age. (CMK)

Trotter, Joe William, Jr.

2000-01-01

94

African-American Literature for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of African-American literature for young people. Describes the setbacks resulting from cutbacks of federal funds for schools and libraries, as publishers cut back on materials they did not consider marketable. Suggests bibliographic resources for discovering works for children by or about African Americans. (DK)

Drew, Margaret A.

1992-01-01

95

Improving African American Achievement in Geometry Honors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study evaluated the significance of implementing an enrichment mathematics course during the summer to rising African American ninth graders entitled, "Geometry Honors Preview." In the past, 60 to 70 percent of African American students in this school district had withdrawn from Geometry Honors by the second academic quarter. This study…

Mims, Adrian B.

2010-01-01

96

The African American Woman. Runta (Truth).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The African American woman has commanded widespread public attention, but popular misconceptions of her socioeconomic role and status differ sharply from her actual situation. The following basic characteristics of the contemporary African American woman, drawn from census figures, are outlined: (1) demographically, females comprise a majority of…

Jackson, Monica L.; Watson, Betty Collier, Ed.

1989-01-01

97

African Americans in the Early Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses five topics on African Americans that are essential to studying United States History in the years between 1760 and 1830: (1) African Americans in the Revolutionary War ; (2) the rise of free black communities; (3) early abolitionism; (4) the spread of slavery; and (5) black resistance to slavery. (CMK)

Nash, Gary B.

2000-01-01

98

Transcript African Americans and Lung Cancer  

Cancer.gov

Transcript African Americans and Lung Cancer Hello. I’m Dr. Christopher Lathan of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Of all ethnic/racial and gender groups in the United States, African American men are the most likely to develop lung cancer and also to die

99

Counseling Preferences of African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American women hold the greatest need for mental health services among ethnic groups but receive effective counseling least often. This study investigated their preferences of counseling services. Results revealed that the type of service delivery might not be as salient to African American women as counselor-client racial similarity.

Smith, Jacqueline R.; Wermeling, Linda

2007-01-01

100

Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

2009-01-01

101

A Critical Care Collection for African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines health concerns affecting African Americans, and presents an annotated bibliography of 22 resources written for African Americans and arranged under the subheadings of general information, statistical data, keeping healthy, AIDS, social issues, community involvement, reference sources, periodicals, and databases. (LRW)

Hamberg, Cheryl

1995-01-01

102

Effects of Schools Attuned on Special Education Referrals for African American Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the number of special education referrals for African American boys before and after the implementation of the training program, "Schools Attuned". The purpose of the research was to ascertain if the number of special education referrals for African American boys generated in schools with teachers trained in "Schools Attuned"…

Rodriguez, Andrea B.

2010-01-01

103

The nature of culturally responsive pedagogy in two urban African American middle school science classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This ethnographic in nature study explores how two middle school science teachers who have classes populated by urban African Americans teach their students and how their students perceive their teaching. Since urban African American students continue to perform lower than desired on measures of science achievement, there is an urgent need to understand what pedagogical methodologies assist and hinder urban

Michelle Harris Bondima

2004-01-01

104

Issues in Education: African American Male-Only Schools. Is That the Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the advantages and disadvantages of African-American male-only classes and schools, which are staffed mainly by African-American male teachers. Focuses on attempts to create such institutions in Detroit, Baltimore, Milwaukee, and Dade County, Florida. (MDM)

Greathouse, Betty; Sparling, Saundra

1993-01-01

105

Misconceptions of Depression in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Major depression is a very common disabling disorder. Although the relationship between race and depression is complex, depression affects all races, all ethnic and geographic locations as well as all age groups. The prevalence of depression in African Americans is controversial, due to the paucity of research. The deficit in the knowledge and skills in treating depression in African Americans have not been adequately addressed so far. Inadequate and insufficient data on African Americans contributes to the problems of under diagnoses, misdiagnosis, and under treatment of depression. This article will highlight the existing problem of depression in Afro American with a focus on diagnostic and treatment issues.

Sohail, Zohaib; Bailey, Rahn Kennedy; Richie, William D.

2014-01-01

106

What Mathematics Education Might Learn from the Work of Well-Respected African American Mathematics Teachers in Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: This opening article, like the other articles in this special issue, is situated in scholarship that attempts to understand the racialized nature of mathematics education in the United States and to examine the racial identities of students and teachers in the context of school mathematics. It is designed to respond to the…

Chazan, Daniel; Brantlinger, Andrew; Clark, Lawrence M.; Edwards, Ann R.

2013-01-01

107

Help-Seeking Experiences and Attitudes among African American, Asian American, and European American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined African American, Asian American, and European American college students' previous direct and indirect experiences of seeking professional psychological services and related attitudes. Survey data were collected from 254 European American, 182 African American and 82 Asian American college students. Results revealed that fewer…

Masuda, Akihiko; Anderson, Page L.; Twohig, Michael P.; Feinstein, Amanda B.; Chou, Ying-Yi; Wendell, Johanna W.; Stormo, Analia R.

2009-01-01

108

Vitamin D and African Americans.  

PubMed

Vitamin D insufficiency is more prevalent among African Americans (blacks) than other Americans and, in North America, most young, healthy blacks do not achieve optimal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations at any time of year. This is primarily due to the fact that pigmentation reduces vitamin D production in the skin. Also, from about puberty and onward, median vitamin D intakes of American blacks are below recommended intakes in every age group, with or without the inclusion of vitamin D from supplements. Despite their low 25(OH)D levels, blacks have lower rates of osteoporotic fractures. This may result in part from bone-protective adaptations that include an intestinal resistance to the actions of 1,25(OH)2D and a skeletal resistance to the actions of parathyroid hormone (PTH). However, these mechanisms may not fully mitigate the harmful skeletal effects of low 25(OH)D and elevated PTH in blacks, at least among older individuals. Furthermore, it is becoming increasingly apparent that vitamin D protects against other chronic conditions, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and some cancers, all of which are as prevalent or more prevalent among blacks than whites. Clinicians and educators should be encouraged to promote improved vitamin D status among blacks (and others) because of the low risk and low cost of vitamin D supplementation and its potentially broad health benefits. PMID:16549493

Harris, Susan S

2006-04-01

109

Powerful Pedagogies: Evaluating Effective Culturally Relevant English Instruction for High Achieving African American Males in Advanced Placement English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping teachers to effectively use culturally relevant instructional practices can help the educational community close the literacy gap for African American males. This study examines effective secondary English teachers and their high achieving African American male students. Using critical race and sociocultural theories as a conceptual…

Johnson, Stanley Louis, Jr.

2011-01-01

110

Building Trust through Culturally Reciprocal Home-School-Community Collaboration from the Perspective of African-American Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings of an instrumental case study that examined the perceptions held by African-American parents on the efficacy of schools in meeting the needs of African-American learners in a North Carolina community. A theme of distrust emerged and evidenced the need for teachers, administrators, and teacher educators to reconsider…

Williams, Ereka R.; Baber, Ceola Ross

2007-01-01

111

Illinois Secondary Principals' Perceptions and Expectations Concerning Students Who Use African American Vernacular English in an Academic Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates principals' individual and aggregate perceptions of and expectations for students who use African American Vernacular English. Using the African American English Teacher Attitude Scale (AAETAS), the study seeks to describe the relationship between principals' demographic characteristics and their perceptions of African

McClendon, Garrard Overton

2010-01-01

112

African Ancestry Is Associated with Asthma Risk in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Background Asthma is a common complex condition with clear racial and ethnic differences in both prevalence and severity. Asthma consultation rates, mortality, and severe symptoms are greatly increased in African descent populations of developed countries. African ancestry has been associated with asthma, total serum IgE and lower pulmonary function in African-admixed populations. To replicate previous findings, here we aimed to examine whether African ancestry was associated with asthma susceptibility in African Americans. In addition, we examined for the first time whether African ancestry was associated with asthma exacerbations. Methodology/Principal Findings After filtering for self-reported ancestry and genotype data quality, samples from 1,117 self-reported African-American individuals from New York and Baltimore (394 cases, 481 controls), and Chicago (321 cases followed for asthma exacerbations) were analyzed. Genetic ancestry was estimated based on ancestry informative markers (AIMs) selected for being highly divergent among European and West African populations (95 AIMs for New York and Baltimore, and 66 independent AIMs for Chicago). Among case-control samples, the mean African ancestry was significantly higher in asthmatics than in non-asthmatics (82.0±14.0% vs. 77.8±18.1%, mean difference 4.2% [95% confidence interval (CI):2.0–6.4], p<0.0001). This association remained significant after adjusting for potential confounders (odds ratio: 4.55, 95% CI: 1.69–12.29, p?=?0.003). African ancestry failed to show an association with asthma exacerbations (p?=?0.965) using a model based on longitudinal data of the number of exacerbations followed over 1.5 years. Conclusions/Significance These data replicate previous findings indicating that African ancestry constitutes a risk factor for asthma and suggest that elevated asthma rates in African Americans can be partially attributed to African genetic ancestry.

Pino-Yanes, Maria; Wade, Michael S.; Perez-Mendez, Lina; Kittles, Rick A.; Wang, Deli; Papaiahgari, Srinivas; Ford, Jean G.; Kumar, Rajesh; Garcia, Joe G. N.

2012-01-01

113

Traditional African Informal Instructional Paradigm in African and African-American Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates the use of African storytelling for informal teaching of African traditions and values in today's African-American community. The instruction is shown in content and context in three literary works: "An African Night's Entertainment,""The Passport of Mallam Ilia," and "The Secret of Gumbo Grove." (MMU)

Osa, Osayimwense

1997-01-01

114

"Our Family Business Was Education": Professional Socialization among Intergenerational African-American Teaching Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher socialization is primarily examined as an institutional-based phenomenon, with particular focus on individuals' PK-12 schooling experiences, teacher education programs, or workplace-based socialization. This study situates professional socialization experiences of African-American teachers within teaching families, examining how culturally…

Dingus, Jeannine E.

2008-01-01

115

Discussing cancer: communication with african americans.  

PubMed

Regular screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) facilitates earlier detection, lowers mortality, and may reduce incidence through detection and removal of pre-cancerous polyps. Optimizing health professional delivery of CRC screening information and recommendations can assist in reducing CRC disparity in the African-American community. This article presents qualitative data on African Americans' attitudes about health professional CRC communications based on the analysis of focus groups (N = 79). Using a social-ecological framework, colorectal cancer and professional communication themes are examined to offer four general and nine cancer-specific theoretically based and culturally appropriate strategies for improving health professional cancer communication with African Americans. PMID:25050658

Caito, Nikki; Hood, Sula; Thompson, Vetta L Sanders

2014-07-01

116

Science Enrichment for African-American Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The author administered a survey to African-American students enrolled in elective science classes in four public high schools in a Middle Atlantic state during the 1998-1999 school year. These students were surveyed because according to research literature, they were more likely to major in science in college (Farmer et al. 1995) and because of the disproportionately low number of African-American science majors in higher education compared to other populations. This survey identified some of the factors that contributed to their achievement and provided insight into what can help motivate African-American students to pursue careers in science.

Matkins, Juanita J.; Miles, Rhea

2004-02-01

117

Characterizing the learning styles and testing the science-related attitudes of African American middle school students: Implications for the underrepresentation of African Americans in the sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and women are underrepresented among the population of scientists and science teachers in the United States. Specifically, the shortage of African Americans teaching math and science at all levels of the educational process and going into the many science-related fields is manifested throughout the entire educational and career structure of our society. This shortage exists when compared to the total population of African Americans in this country, the population of African American students, and to society's demand for more math and science teachers and professionals of all races. One suggestion to address this problem is to update curricular and instructional programs to accommodate the learning styles of African Americans from elementary to graduate school. There is little in the published literature to help us understand the learning styles of African American middle school students and how they compare to African American adults who pursue science careers. There is also little published data to help inform us about the relationship between learning styles of African American middle school students and their attitudes toward science. The author used a learning styles inventory instrument to identify the learning style preferences of the African American students and adults. The preferences identified describe how African American students and African American adult science professionals prefer to function, learn, concentrate, and perform in their educational and work activities in the areas of: (a) immediate environment, (b) emotionality, (c) sociological needs, and (d) physical needs. The learning style preferences for the students and adults were not significantly different in key areas of preference. A Test of Science-Related Attitudes (TOSRA) was used to measure seven distinct science-related attitudes of the middle school students. A comparison of the profile of the mean scores for the students in this study to a national norm, comprised of students of all races, showed no significant differences. The attitudes that African American middle school students have toward science are influenced by science professionals (role models), their parents, and their teachers. This correlates directly with the high preference for Parent Motivated and Teacher Motivated learning style preferences.

Perine, Donald Ray

118

Informing Cancer Prevention Strategies for African Americans: The Relationship of African American Acculturation to Fruit, Vegetable, and Fat Intake  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acculturation has been associated with health-related behaviors in African Americans. We sought to determine if there is a relationship between acculturation and dietary intake in African Americans. African Americans in the PREMIER trial completed the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS) and 2 nonconsecutive 24-h dietary recalls (n = 238). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and canonical correlation were used to assess

Jamy D. Ard; Celette Sugg Skinner; Chuhe Chen; Mikel Aickin; Laura P. Svetkey

2005-01-01

119

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans Update for RTOG in Tampa Feb 2, 2007 Patrick D. Maguire, MD New Hanover Regional (NHRMC) Update for NHRMC Feb 2, 2007 I. Radiotherapy (RT) Clinical Trials II. Publications III. Partnership & Telesynergy IV. Patient

120

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans Update for RTOG in Miami Jan 20, 2006 Patrick D. Maguire, MD New Hanover Regional (NHRMC) Update for NHRMC January 20, 2006 I. Radiotherapy (RT) Clinical Trials II. Publications III. Partnership & Telesynergy IV. Patient

121

Reaching African American men: a qualitative analysis.  

PubMed

African American men are disproportionately affected by most illnesses and associated complications. These men are also less likely to participate in primary and secondary prevention interventions. Little is known about reaching them. The purpose of this study(1) was to explore factors associated with effectively reaching African American men. Ethnographic methods were used. Key and general informants from an urban Northeastern community were recruited for this study. The data revealed 3 major themes as essential to reaching African American men: a trusted and respected community member providing the outreach, a perceived safe and caring environment during outreach, and a perceived benefit from participating in the outreach. The findings from this study provided a foundation for designing community interventions that will increase participation among African American men. Future research efforts should focus on operationalizing these findings in the community. PMID:16863400

Plowden, Keith O; John, Wendell; Vasquez, Elias; Kimani, James

2006-01-01

122

African American Women in Iowa Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital celebration of African American women in 20th century Iowa represents the collaborative efforts of the Iowa Women's Archives and the African American Historical Museum and Cultural Center of Iowa. On the site, visitors can learn about the experiences of African American women in Iowa through photographs, scrapbooks, pamphlets, oral histories, and newsletters. Visitors can perform detailed searches, or they can look at the documents through topical listings. The "Highlights" area is a true delight, as visitors can dip into items like a photograph of young women curtseying in the 1920s and the scrapbook of Althea Beatrice Moore Smith, who was an African American student at Iowa State University. The site also contains links to related collections and several archival guides for researchers seeking for more detailed scholarly resources.

123

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans New Hanover Regional Medical Center Coastal Area Health Education Center University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of North Carolina at Wilmington Report given at the Program Steering Committee

124

Archives of African American Music and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Indiana University's Archives of African American Music and Culture (AAAMC) contains a searchable and browsable collection of bibliographic records of its over 2500 sound recordings and 200 video cassettes, as well as a searchable-only collection of bibliographic records of its photographic archive. It also contains information about its Undine Smith Moore Collection of Original Scores and Manuscripts of Black Composers. AAAMC's usage policy is on the home page, as well as selected links to other African American Internet resources.

Culture., Indiana U.

1998-01-01

125

Celiac Disease in African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Celiac disease is generally under diagnosed in the United States and it is unclear whether the disease is encountered in ethnic minorities. Our purpose is to describe a case series of African-American patients with celiac disease. Nine (1.3%) African-American patients with celiac disease were identified from a prospectively generated database of 700 patients with biopsy proven celiac disease and seen

Pardeep Brar; Ann R. Lee; Suzanne K. Lewis; Govind Bhagat; Peter H. R. Green

2006-01-01

126

African-American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network, Number 19  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Issue 19 (Early Winter 1997) of the African - American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network has been posted by the publisher, New South Associates. Contents include a case study on Slavery and Consumerism, notices of current excavations and research, Internet resources, book reviews and notes, and professional news and announcements.

1997-01-01

127

Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2009-01-01

128

The Pedagogy of African American Parents: Learning from Educational Excellence in the African American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study of how parents teach their children to excel academically in the African American community seeks to establish the validity of the pedagogical practices of working class African American families by investigating the educational leadership of two families on Chicago's south side. The study acknowledges the significance of…

Watkins, Audrey P.

2006-01-01

129

African Americans in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The African American population has made remarkable progress since the 1960s, but recent trends may derail the progress of many American blacks. Compared to previous years, United States blacks, who number 30 million in 1991, are more educated, earn higher salaries, work in more prestigious jobs, and participate more fully in politics. However,…

O'Hare, William P.; And Others

1991-01-01

130

Prevalence of Stuttering in African American Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this study, the authors sought to determine the prevalence of stuttering in African American (AA) 2- to 5-year-olds as compared with same-age European Americans (EAs). Method: A total of 3,164 children participated: 2,223 AAs and 941 EAs. Data were collected using a 3-pronged approach that included investigators' individual…

Proctor, Adele; Yairi, Ehud; Duff, Melissa C.; Zhang, Jie

2008-01-01

131

Cues used for distinguishing African American and European American voices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Past studies have shown that listeners can distinguish most African American and European American voices, but how they do so is poorly understood. Three experiments were designed to investigate this problem. Recordings of African American and European American college students performing various reading tasks were used as the basis for stimuli in all three. In the first experiment, stimuli were subjected to monotonization, lowpass filtering at 660 Hz, and no modification. In the second, stimuli featuring certain ethnically diagnostic vowels and control stimuli were subjected to monotonization, conversion of vowels to schwa, or no modification. In the third, stimuli featuring diagnostic vowels and control stimuli were modified so that the intonation of paired African American and European American speakers was swapped. In all three experiments, African American and European American listeners in North Carolina and European American listeners in West Virginia identified the ethnicity of the speaker of each stimulus. Vowel quality emerged as the most consistent cue for identifications. However, listeners accessed other cues differently for male and female speakers. Breathiness was correlated with identifications of male speakers but not of female speakers. F0-related factors proved more important for female speakers than for male speakers. [Work supported by NSF.

Thomas, Erik R.; Lass, Norman J.

2005-04-01

132

Cancer statistics for African Americans, 2013.  

PubMed

In this article, the American Cancer Society estimates the number of new cancer cases and deaths for African Americans and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, survival, and screening prevalence based upon incidence data from the National Cancer Institute, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries and mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics. It is estimated that 176,620 new cases of cancer and 64,880 deaths will occur among African Americans in 2013. From 2000 to 2009, the overall cancer death rate among males declined faster among African Americans than whites (2.4% vs 1.7% per year), but among females, the rate of decline was similar (1.5% vs 1.4% per year, respectively). The decrease in cancer death rates among African American males was the largest of any racial or ethnic group. The reduction in overall cancer death rates since 1990 in men and 1991 in women translates to the avoidance of nearly 200,000 deaths from cancer among African Americans. Five-year relative survival is lower for African Americans than whites for most cancers at each stage of diagnosis. The extent to which these disparities reflect unequal access to health care versus other factors remains an active area of research. Overall, progress in reducing cancer death rates has been made, although more can and should be done to accelerate this progress through ensuring equitable access to cancer prevention, early detection, and state-of-the-art treatments. PMID:23386565

DeSantis, Carol; Naishadham, Deepa; Jemal, Ahmedin

2013-05-01

133

Dialect Leveling and /ai/ Monopthongization among African American Detroiters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents evidence that Detroit African Americans are participating in a recent sound change that is typically associated with some White but not African American varieties in the American South. Reports a leveling pattern in which /ai/ monothongization has expanded to the salient pre-voiceless context in Detroit African American English (AAE).…

Anderson, Bridget L.

2002-01-01

134

Exposure to Violence and Aggression: Protective Roles of Social Support among Urban African American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study examined the impact of social support on the relation between exposure to violence and aggressive behavior, as reported by self, peers, and teachers. The main-effects and stress-buffering models of social support were tested for parents, teachers, classmates, and close friends among 127 urban, African American youth. The…

Benhorin, Shira; McMahon, Susan D.

2008-01-01

135

Code-Switching Pedagogies and African American Student Voices: Acceptance and Resistance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines a Detroit suburb experiencing an unexpected influx of working class African American students. Dilemmas engendered a cultural mismatch between teachers and students. In a controversial climate where students cross the boundary line in search for educational parity, this study examines a seventh-grade English teacher who enacts…

Hill, K. Dara

2009-01-01

136

Experience-Centered Instruction as a Catalyst for Teaching Mathematics Effectively to African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this article are to describe the ways in which prospective teachers integrated the experiences of African American Students into their mathematics instruction and determine how the outcomes from prospective teachers' use of experience-centered instruction intersects with best practices In teaching mathematics. Tenets of…

Sheppard, Peter A.

2011-01-01

137

78 FR 34241 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proclamation 8992--African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 Presidential...8992 of May 31, 2013 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 By the President...lasting freedom. Through every generation, music has reflected and renewed our...

2013-06-06

138

Code of the Street and African-American Adolescent Violence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The code of the street theory, developed by Yale professor Elijah Anderson, presents an explanation for high rates of violence among African-American adolescents. Observing life in a Philadelphia African-American neighborhood, Anderson saw that economic d...

E. A. Stewart R. L. Simons

2009-01-01

139

Developing suicide prevention programs for African American youth in African American churches.  

PubMed

Suicide prevention programs for African American youth in African American churches may have broad appeal because: (1) the Black Church has a strong history of helping community members, regardless of church membership; (2) African Americans have the highest level of public and private religiousness; and (3) the church can help shape religious and cultural norms about mental health and help-seeking. The proposed gatekeeper model trains lay helpers and clergy to recognize the risk and protective factors for depression and suicide, to make referrals to the appropriate community mental health resources, and to deliver a community education curriculum. Potential barriers and suggestions for how to overcome these barriers are discussed. PMID:18611131

Molock, Sherry Davis; Matlin, Samantha; Barksdale, Crystal; Puri, Rupa; Lyles, Joseph

2008-06-01

140

An examination of the association between demographic and educational factors and African American achievement in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective of the Study: The objective of this research study was to investigate whether an association exists between teacher demographic factors (years of teaching experience and gender), 2 educational factors (certification type and certification pathway) and the percent passing rate of tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS. Answers to the following questions were sought: 1. Is there an association between teacher demographic factors and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS? 2. Is there an association between teacher educational factors and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS? 3. Is there an association between teacher demographic factors, educational factors and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS? Status of the Question: According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), science and engineering jobs in the U.S. have increased steadily over recent years and by the year 2016 the number of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) jobs will have grown by more than 21 percent. This increase in science and engineering jobs will double the growth rate of all other workforce sectors combined. The BLS also reports that qualified minority applicants needed to fill these positions will be few and far between. African Americans, Latinos, and other minorities constitute 24 percent of the U.S. population but only 13 percent of college graduates and just 10 percent of people with college degrees who work in science and engineering (Education Trust, 2009). Drawing on the above information, I proposed the following hypotheses to the research questions: H01: There will be no significant statistical association between the demographic factors teacher gender and years of teaching experience and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS. H02: There will be no significant statistical association between the educational factors teacher certification type (composite or content specific) and teacher certification pathway and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS. H03: There will be no significant statistical association between a teachers' demographic factors, educational factors and the percent passing rate of their tenth grade African American male students on the 2010 science TAKS. The researcher employed the assistance of the human resource departments of participating districts to generate a demographic report identifying the sex, years of experience, certification types and pathways of the teachers of record for African American male students who took the 10th grade Science TAKS during the 2009-2010 school year. Data ascertained from the demographic report was entered in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Software (SPSS). A linear regression statistical analysis was used to establish the following: 1). the degree of association between demographic factors and the percent passing rate of their African American male students on the 10th grade science TAKS , 2) the degree of association between educational factors and the percent passing rate of their African American male students on the 10th grade science TAKS, 3) the degree of association between demographic and educational factors and the percent passing rate of their African American male students on the 10th grade science TAKS Conclusion: Constantine et al (2009) concluded that although individual teachers appear to have an effect on student achievement, their study could not identify what about a teacher affects student achievement. Similar to Constatine, the researcher did not find any association between the demographic and educational factors of teachers and the science academic achievement of African American males. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Cottledge, Michael Christopher

141

Exploring How African American Faculty Cope with Classroom Racial Stressors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was an examination of how African American faculty discussed their coping with racially stressful classrooms. Despite aims for racial equality in higher education, the classroom has been a significant site of racial stressors for African American facility. Analysis of interviews with 16 (8 women, 8 men) African American faculty at a…

Pittman, Chavella T.

2010-01-01

142

African-American Developmental Disability Discourses: Implications for Policy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formal developmental disabilities services are often underutilized, especially by low-income African-American families. This study examined the basis for interactions and service use preferences of African-American woman who cared for an adult female child with a disability. Diverse African-American perspectives were observed by analyzing the…

Terhune, Peggy S.

2005-01-01

143

An Exploration of African American Students' Attitudes toward Online Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current work presents exploratory research findings concerning African American students' attitudes toward online learning. The Online Tutoring Attitudes Scale (OTAS; Graff, 2003) was administered to 124 African American students in a positive youth development program. Findings suggest that African American students' attitudes toward…

Okwumabua, Theresa M.; Walker, Kristin M.; Hu, Xiangen; Watson, Andrea

2011-01-01

144

Registers in the Academic Writing of African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines the development of the registers of academic writing by African American college-level students through style and grammar: indirection inherent in the oral culture of the African American community and the paratactic functions of "because." Discourse analysis of 74 samples of academic writing by 20 African American undergraduate…

Syrquin, Anna F.

2006-01-01

145

Beating the Odds: Raising Academically Successful African American Males.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on African American males presents the first step in an ongoing exploration of the relationship between parenting and academic achievement among African American children. Subjects of the study were high-achieving members of the Meyerhoff Scholars, young African Americans distinguished for their achievement. The Meyerhoff Scholar program…

Hrabowski, Freemen A., III; Maton, Kenneth I.; Greif, Geoffrey L.

146

African American Males in Dance, Music, Theater, and Film  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of African American males in the entertainment industry begins with the African background and extends through the transatlantic slave trade and to the various aspects of the black presence in the Americas. African American males have contributed enormously to the American cultural wealth in dance, music, theater, and film. Minstrelsy, the cakewalk, the Charleston, the lindy hop, the

I. Peter Ukpokodu

2000-01-01

147

Oral Cancer in African Americans: Addressing Health Disparities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To explore factors underlying African Americans' perceptions of oral cancer and the oral cancer exam. Study findings were used to guide development of oral cancer messages designed to increase oral cancer exams among African Americans. Methods: Focus groups were conducted to understand African Americans' attitudes and expectations…

Dodd, Virginia J.; Watson, Jennifer M.; Choi, Youjin; Tomar, Scott L.; Logan, Henrietta L.

2008-01-01

148

Empowerment Groups for Urban African American Girls: A Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the author wanted to read Bemak, Chung, and Siroskey-Sabdo's article in an objective sense, her response to their article is most likely influenced by her own experiences as an African American female and mother of an African American daughter. To her, the paramount issue facing African American females is the double and sometimes triple…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl C.

2005-01-01

149

Spirituality and Self-Management of Diabetes in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention to spirituality is especially important for nurses when providing care to African Americans. Spirituality is deeply embedded in their rich cultural heritage. For many African Americans, spirituality is intertwined into all aspects of life, including beliefs about health and illness. Therefore, it is imperative that nurses understand the relationship between African American spirituality, health, and self-management of illness to

Rebecca Polzer; Margaret Shandor Miles

2005-01-01

150

Perceptions of Domestic Violence: A Dialogue with African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although empirical research has accumulated over the past 20 years regarding African Americans and domestic violence, many questions remain about African American perceptions of domestic violence. This article explores African American women's perceptions about domestic violence through three focus groups held at a New York social services agency.…

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B.

2004-01-01

151

Exposure of African-American Youth to Alcohol Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Despite occasional media and community spotlights on the marketing of alcohol products in the African-American community, there has been no systematic review of the…

2003

152

Parent Support and African American Adolescents' Career Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that African American adolescents are not being prepared to enter the workforce at the same rates as adolescents from other ethnic groups. While educational and career options were unavailable to African Americans in previous eras, today educational and career opportunities abound, yet many young African Americans are not in a…

Alliman-Brissett, Annette E.; Turner, Sherri L.; Skovholt, Thomas M.

2004-01-01

153

BLACK MASCULINITY AND BASKETBALL AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDIES 398DT  

Microsoft Academic Search

and by appointment Because over 80% of NBA basketball players are African American and the style of play that emerged from African-American communities dominates the professional game, basketball is culturally marked as black. Larry Bird, a three-time NBA MVP, and the best non-African American player of the last thirty years maintained that basketball is \\

Damion Thomas

154

Going to School: The African-American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents the views of a range of African-American educators on questions related to African-American academic achievement. The concern in this volume is with the persistent, pervasive, and disproportionate underachievement of African-American students. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1, "Problem Identification," comprises the…

Lomotey, Kofi, Ed.

155

Conducting Children's Health Insurance Outreach in African American Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, 19.7 percent of African American children were uninsured. Since a majority of African American children live in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line, they are eligible for free or low-cost insurance coverage. This report presents strategies for facilitating the recruitment and enrollment of African American

Patterson, Jacqueline

156

Representing African American Women in U.S. History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the dearth of African American women in high school U.S. history textbooks. The authors conducted a content analysis of the images in an African American history textbook and found that black women are underrepresented. Women are found in less than 15 percent of the images in the African American history text, while they…

Schocker, Jessica B.; Woyshner, Christine

2013-01-01

157

Insights: Emphasizing Issues that Affect African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter continues and expands the dialogue regarding the oppressions experienced by African American women in higher education. Stakeholders of postsecondary education are invited to use this dialogue to become more aware of the needs of African American women on college campuses, as well as African American people in general.

Hughes, Robin L.; Howard-Hamilton, Mary F.

2003-01-01

158

Retention of African American Faculty in Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most literature on the American professorate provides a culture of evidence that suggests that the above account represents the typical experience endured by many African American faculty members and other faculty of color. African American faculty remain under-represented in predominantly White research universities. The number of African

Awe, Clara

2006-01-01

159

African American Acculturation and Black Racial Identity: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between acculturation and racial identity among African Americans. One hundred eighty-seven African American students completed the Black Racial Identity Attitude Scale and the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS). Acculturation was associated with three of the five AAAS subscales: Dissonance, Immersion, and…

Pope-Davis, Donald B.; Liu, William M.; Ledesma-Jones, Shannon; Nevitt, Jonathan

2000-01-01

160

Help-Seeking Attitudes among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, African American students display a low-rate of seeking mental health treatment. Issues such as mistrust of White therapists, attitudes toward mental health problems, and African American spirituality affect their help-seeking behavior. The present study examined a sample of 134 African American students at a Historically Black…

So, Dominicus W.; Gilbert, Stefanie; Romero, Sergio

2005-01-01

161

African American Female Superintendents: Resilient School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six African American female superintendents who had served as superintendents in at least 2 school districts were interviewed to understand ways in which they responded to barriers and adversity in their roles, with a particular emphasis on issues related to sexism and racism. Study participants shared that they work to engage the community and…

Johnson, Bernadeia H.

2012-01-01

162

Subjective Memory in Older African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current analysis examined (a) if measures of psychological well-being predict subjective memory, and (b) if subjective memory is consistent with actual memory. Five hundred seventy-nine older African Americans from the Baltimore Study of Black Aging completed measures assessing subjective memory, depressive symptomatology, perceived stress, locus of control, and verbal and working memory. Higher levels of perceived stress and greater

Regina C. Sims; Keith E. Whitfield; Brian J. Ayotte; Alyssa A. Gamaldo; Christopher L. Edwards; Jason C. Allaire

2011-01-01

163

Depressive Symptoms in African-American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms in an African American female college student sample (n=78) using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI2) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). MMPI-2 was a more conservative scale than BDI in identifying depressive symptom levels. Discusses stress inoculation methods to assist…

Reed, Michael K.; And Others

1996-01-01

164

The African American Public Policy Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews actions of the 102nd Congress of particular interest to African Americans, including the (1) Domestic Marshall Plan House Resolution; (2) Unemployment Benefits extension; (3) Job Training Partnership Act; (4) Workplace Fairness Act; (5) Family and Medical Leave Act; and (6) Civil Rights Act of 1991. (SLD)

McAlpine, Robert; And Others

1992-01-01

165

Paranoid Ideation among Elderly African American Persons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross sectional study involving 998 independently living elderly African Americans used the Brief Symptom Inventory to measure paranoid ideation and 14 independent variables including demographic characteristics, cognitive deficit, and depression. Paranoid ideation was found in 10% of the sample. Regression analysis revealed 6 of 14 independent…

Bazargan, Mohsen; Bazargan, Shahrzad; King, Lewis

2001-01-01

166

Computational Mathematical Abilities of African American Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied racial and sex differences in mathematics performance among elementary school students using data from the 1996 California Achievement Test in Louisiana for 4,670 fourth graders and 2,542 sixth graders. Results show some superiority in computation for African Americans, with the highest performance by black girls. Whites performed better…

Park, Hae-Seong; Bauer, Scott

1999-01-01

167

Careers of African Americans in Academic Astronomy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though traditionally the field of academic astronomy has belonged almost exclusively to whites, today several black scholars are beginning to make their mark in this scientific discipline. Profiles a group of contemporary African American scholars who are astronomers and astrophysicists, noting that there are at least four black graduate students…

Fikes, Robert Jr.

2000-01-01

168

The Complexity of African American Racial Identification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviewed adult African Americans regarding four parameters of racial identification (psychological, physical, cultural, and sociopolitical). Results indicated generally high levels of racial identification across participants, though scores varied across parameters. The highest level of racial identification was obtained on the cultural…

Sanders Thompson, Vetta L.

2001-01-01

169

African Americans and Teen Dating Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This literature review focuses on the prevalence rates of teen dating violence in the United States, emergence of dating violence research, reasons of teen dating violence in the African American community, consequences of it regarding physical and mental health, and the impact of it on psychological and physical health. The research shows a trickledown effect of racism, low socio-economic status,

Racine Renee Henry; Senem Zeytinoglu

2012-01-01

170

African American's Perceptions of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes and beliefs about utilization of mental health services of 201 African Americans, 18 years and older, are explored. One hundred and thirty-four females and 66 males participated in mixed sex focus groups conducted in an urban, Midwestern city. Discussion probes addressed participant perceptions of psychotherapists and psychotherapy,…

Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders; Akbar, Maysa D.; Bazile, Anita

171

2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex, Dr. Julian M. Earls (left), deputy director for Operations, Glenn Research Center, receives a plaque from astronaut Joan Higginbotham (right) during the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon. Dr. Earls was guest speaker at the luncheon.

2000-01-01

172

2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex, the planning committee for the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon gather in the lobby. At the far left is Mack McKinney, chief, Programs Resources Management, who was chairperson for the event.

2000-01-01

173

2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mack McKinney (left), chief, Programs Resources Management, and Delores Abraham (right), with the Astronaut office, flank one of the posters decorating the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex for the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon. McKinney is chairperson for the event.

2000-01-01

174

Obstacles to Reducing AIDS among African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores hindrances to sustaining African-American mobilization against Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Major obstacles include the following: (1) objective conditions; (2) attitudes toward sexuality; (3) perceptions about substance abuse and AIDS; and (4) conflicting policy views. Public health education has not been sufficient in the…

Quimby, Ernest

1993-01-01

175

African American Women Counselors, Wellness, and Spirituality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given their tremendous professional responsibilities, professional counselors face daunting challenges to remaining healthy and avoiding role stress and overload. This article explores the intersection of race, gender, wellness, and spirituality in the self-care of African American women counselors. The authors give particular attention to…

Knowles, Debora; Bryant, Rhonda M.

2011-01-01

176

African Americans in Television: An Afrocentric Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes that, historically and contemporarily, African Americans were and are severely underrepresented in the Eurocentric press, portrayed stereotypically, depicted in low-status occupational roles, and denied news or public affairs programs to adequately serve their informational needs. Theories on mass media's impact on society and individuals…

Tait, Alice A.; Perry, Robert L.

1994-01-01

177

Helping African American Males: The Cure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looks at the current plight of the African-American male, exploring the role of the dominant culture, mass media, and low self-esteem. Describes a possible cure, citing five areas for action, calling for year-round school in some urban areas, exploring Afrocentric curricula, and considering rites of passage programs. (JB)

Gill, Walter

1992-01-01

178

Growing Up African American in Catholic Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributors to this volume use their own stories to demonstrate success of one institution, the Catholic school system, in educating many African Americans who have gone on to make important contributions to the community. Their own experiences are the starting points for their reflections on the historical and sociological treatment of the…

Irvine, Jacqueline Jordan, Ed.; Foster, Michele, Ed.

179

The Myth of Meritocracy and African American Health  

PubMed Central

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy—the belief that all may obtain the American Dream—and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans.

Meyer, Ilan H.

2010-01-01

180

The myth of meritocracy and African American health.  

PubMed

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy-the belief that all may obtain the American Dream-and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans. PMID:20724679

Kwate, Naa Oyo A; Meyer, Ilan H

2010-10-01

181

Predicting Non-African American Lesbian and Heterosexual Preadoptive Couples' Openness to Adopting an African American Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite increases in transracial adoption, African American children remain the least likely to be adopted. No research has examined the factors that predict prospective adopters' willingness to adopt an African American child. This study used multilevel modeling to examine predictors of willingness to adopt an African American child in a sample…

Goldberg, Abbie E.; Smith, JuliAnna Z.

2009-01-01

182

Asian-American Teachers: Issues of Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined problems Asian-Americans faced as minority teachers, the impact those problems had on curriculum and academic experiences, and support systems available to them. Participants were Asian-American teachers from an Indiana State Department of Education list who responded to a survey about their decision to become a teacher; who…

Ramanathan, Hema

183

"Cor"recting the underachievement and underrepresentation of African-Americans in science: A case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation research focuses on the most powerful influence on the school science learning of African-American students--inequitable science teachers' beliefs and actions. It is my intent in this study to understand, describe, and present in model form a European-American science teacher's change from an educational paradigm/world view that promotes limited or inequitable learning opportunities for African-American students to one that is grounded in equitable teaching, resulting in rich opportunities to learn science. Making sense of one teacher's change towards equity, the central theme of US science education reform, contributes towards understanding one effort that may advance a goal of the national reform efforts-- "cor"recting the underachievement and under-representation of African Americans in science. Of particular concern to this research is that teachers' beliefs and action produce uneven distribution of opportunities to learn science that is contributing to inequitable outcomes. In regards to African-American students, science teachers' beliefs, attitudes, expectations, and actions are powerful influences on learning and student achievement. Negative teacher beliefs, attitudes, limited expectations, and resulting actions, or lack thereof, promote inequitable access to science learning opportunities for African-American students. Thus, this problem is the most powerful influence on African-American students' school science learning and, thus, pursuit of careers in science. In Phase I of the study, the focus is on the teacher's actions before his change and then on the teacher's subconscious change in beliefs and actions (lived world view) in his natural setting, i.e., a biology class at a local high school where technology-enhanced science instruction is being used. The focus of Phase II is on the teacher's reported beliefs before his change and then on the teacher's conscious change in reported beliefs (articulated world view), which completes the shift in his educational paradigm/world view. This study seeks to answer questions which further the understanding of teacher change towards equitably teaching African-American students. This study focuses on both aspects of its subject's world view, i.e., lived world view and articulated world view. Therefore, making sense of the change in both his pedagogical actions and reported beliefs is the main goal.

Eaglin, Phillip G.

184

School-Family-Community Partnerships and the Academic Achievement of African American, Urban Adolescents. Report No. 7.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Drawing upon Epstein's theory of overlapping spheres of influence, this study explores the effects of teacher, family and church support on the school-related attitudes, behaviors, and academic achievement of African American, urban adolescents. To achiev...

M. G. Sanders

1996-01-01

185

Exercise economy in African American and European American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have previously shown that Achilles tendon length is related to walking economy on the flat, presumably because of increased\\u000a stretch–shortening cycle elastic energy savings. In addition, greater walking economy in African American (AA) women compared\\u000a to European American (EA) women is explained by longer Achilles tendons in AA women. The purposes of this study were to determine\\u000a whether economy

Gary R. HunterJohn; John P. McCarthy; Marcas M. Bamman; D. Enette Larson-Meyer; Gordon Fisher; Bradley R. Newcomer

186

Cytomegalovirus Infections among African-Americans  

PubMed Central

Background Since African-Americans have twice the prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections as age-matched Caucasians we sought to determine the ages and possible sources of infection of African-American children. Methods Subjects were 157 African-American healthy children and adolescents and their 113 household adults in Richmond VA. Families completed a questionnaire, provided saliva for antibody testing, and adolescents were interviewed regarding sexual activity. Results Regardless of age CMV seropositivity was not associated with gender, breast feeding, health insurance, sexual activity, or household income, education, or size. In the final regression model, prior CMV infection in adults was over two-fold higher than in children (chi-square = 18.8, p < 0.0001). At one year of age the CMV seropositivity rate was 11% (95%CI = 4% – 24%) and increased 1.8% each year until age 13 years. Between ages 13 and 20 years the CMV seropositivity rate remained between 22% and 33%. For adults, the CMV seropositivity rate was 84% in 21 year olds (95%CI = 69%–.92%). There was no association between CMV infections of the children and their mothers but CMV infections among siblings were associated. Conclusion We observed that African-American children had CMV seroprevalence rates by age 20 years at less than one-half of that of their adult mothers and caregivers. Sibling-to-sibling transmission was a likely source of CMV infections for the children. The next generation of African-American women may be highly susceptible to a primary CMV infection during pregnancy and may benefit from a CMV vaccine.

Wilms, Isca R; Best, Al M; Adler, Stuart P

2008-01-01

187

Karla Holloway to Lead African and African-American Studies at Duke University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The appointment of Karla F. C. Holloway, an African American woman, as director of the Duke University (North Carolina) African American Studies program is representative of an institutional effort to stabilize the program and to recruit African American scholars to the institution, across disciplines. During Holloway's interim directorship,…

Hawkins, B. Denise

1996-01-01

188

Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection examine relationships between the Korean American and African American communities in Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York. The contrast between the economic power and lack of political power of Korean Americans and the political power and lack of economic power of African Americans is traced. Essays 2-5 cover Los…

Kim, Kwang Chung, Ed.

189

H-Afro-Am: African-American Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

H-Afro-Am is a new H-Net sponsored, moderated discussion list for professionals, faculty, and advanced students in African American Studies. The discussion list will focus on the African Diaspora, mainly on the US experience. H-Afro-Am is also the official voice of the Collegium for African American Research in Europe (CAAR), established in 1992 to promote African American scholarship from an international perspective.

1995-01-01

190

European-American and African-American Mothers' Emotion Socialization Practices Relate Differently to Their Children's Academic and Social-Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examines whether the relation between mothers' responses to their children's negative emotions and teachers' reports of children's academic performance and social-emotional competence are similar or different for European-American and African-American families. Two hundred mothers (137 European-American, 63…

Nelson, Jackie A.; Leerkes, Esther M.; Perry, Nicole B.; O'Brien, Marion; Calkins, Susan D.; Marcovitch, Stuart

2013-01-01

191

Playing spades: The rich resources of African American young men  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research has shown that African American young men as a demographic group occupy the lowest levels of academic performance in both science and mathematics. In spite of this educational problem, little research has been conducted on the knowledge related to these disciplines that these young men learn and develop through everyday cultural practices. Such knowledge is needed in order to: (1) combat the deficit views that many teachers currently hold of African American young men, and (2) inform teachers interested in implementing pedagogies in their classrooms that draw upon the knowledge of African American young men. To add to our knowledge in this field, this study examines the resources that African American young men learn, use, and develop through a card game called Spades. Specifically, the study identifies and analyzes the models and model-based reasoning that the players use in order to win games. The study focuses upon modeling as it is central to both science and mathematics. To imbed player models and reasoning in context, the study employs a syncretic theoretical framework that examines how Spades has changed over time and how it is currently played in a high school setting. The qualitative study uses ethnographic methods combined with play-by-play analyses to reconstruct games and examine player strategies and reasoning that guide their decisions. The study found that the players operate from a number of different models while playing the game. Specifically, the players consider multiple variables and factors, as well as their mathematical relationships, to predict future occurrences and then play cards accordingly. Further, the players use a number of resources to win games including changing the game to maintain a competitive edge, counting cards, selectively memorizing cards played, assessing risk, bluffing, reading partners as well as opponents, reneging, estimating probabilities, and predicting outcomes. The player models and resources bear striking resemblance to what scientists and mathematicians do when modeling. Lastly, the study identifies eight features of Spades that make it a rich context for the learning and development of significant forms of reasoning. Most importantly, Spades is an empowering context through which the players both learn and display their resources and abilities in order to deal with complex situations. Consequently, the study provides evidence that many African American young men routinely employ types of reasoning in everyday practices that are robust and relevant to science and mathematics.

Schademan, Alfred R.

192

75 FR 6081 - National African American History Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...shores, they have known the bitterness of slavery and oppression, the hope of progress, and the triumph of the American Dream. African American history is an essential thread of the American narrative that traces our Nation's enduring...

2010-02-05

193

Health Advantages of Ethnic Density for African American and Mexican American Elderly Individuals  

PubMed Central

Research suggests that greater ethnic density correlates with worse health among African Americans but better health among Hispanic Americans. These conflicting patterns may arise from Hispanic American samples being older than African American samples. We found that among 2367 Mexican American and 2790 African American participants older than 65 years, ethnic density predicted lower rates of cardiovascular disease and cancer, adjusting for covariates, showing that the health benefits of ethnic density apply to both minority communities.

Alvarez, Kimberly J.; Levy, Becca R.

2014-01-01

194

African-American Band Music and Recordings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, a number of African American musicians and bandleaders had garnered the attention of the music-going public, and names such as Eubie Blake and Scott Joplin remain familiar to this very day. This rather fine online collection offered by the Library of Congress's Performing Arts division brings together a number of so-called "stock" arrangements for bands or small orchestras written by African Americans during that period. Visitors to the site should start by reading one of the four informative essays offered here, and then search through the actual music. There are over 206 pieces of music here, including "After the Cake Walk" from 1901 and the 1905 number, "Banana Man". Additionally, visitors can read any number of composer and bandleader biographies.

195

Postpartum depression among African-American women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the nature of postpartum depression (PPD) among African-American women. Twelve women, who had experienced PPD within the last three years, were interviewed for approximately one hour at two intervals. Nudist-4 software and the constant comparative method were used to analyze the data. Five themes "Stressing Out," "Feeling Down," "Losing It," "Seeking Help," and "Feeling Better" represented aspects of PPD as experienced by the participants. The last theme, "Dealing with It," represented the cultural ways in which African-American mothers managed their depression. These included Keeping the Faith, Trying to Be a Strong Black Woman, Living with Myths, and Keeping Secrets. Suggestions for future directions in nursing research are included. PMID:12623687

Amankwaa, Linda Clark

2003-01-01

196

African-American Poetry, 1760-1900  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Utilizing software developed at the University of Chicago, this online database of African-American poetry is a fine resource for people looking for a compendium of poems by numerous notable 18th and 19th century African-American poets. First-time users will want to read the users manual, which explains the software used to design the database, and how to best utilize the available search engine, which allows for a number of detailed searching methods. The database itself contains 12 million words from a total of 86 works. Visitors looking to browse the online works should consult the bibliography section, as it contains a detailed description of the authors and works covered within the database. Visitors familiar with this genre will note the inclusion of many notable poets, including Paul Dunbar, James Corrothers, and Albery Allson Whitman.

197

Cancer and the African American Experience PDF  

Cancer.gov

African Americans bear an unequal burden of cancer. This is caused by a complex interplay of socio-economic, cultural, environmental, and biologic factors; the result is the persistence of inequalities in cancer care outcomes. These disparities encompass the entire spectrum of care, from screening and prevention activities, through diagnosis and treatment, to palliative and end of life care. Clinicians should be aware that concepts of race and ethnicity are social and political constructs, without a direct relationship to biology and genetics.

198

Adiponectin and Leptin in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:African Americans (AAs) have less visceral and more subcutaneous fat than whites, thus the relationship of adiponectin and leptin to body fat and insulin sensitivity in AA may be different from that in whites.Methods and Procedures:Sixty-nine non-diabetic AA (37 men and 32 women), aged 33 ± 1 year participated. The percent fat was determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, abdominal visceral

Robert V. Considine; Ahalya Premkumar; James C. Reynolds; Nancy G. Sebring; Madia Ricks; Anne E. Sumner

2008-01-01

199

Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trichomonas vaginalis may be emerging as one of the most important cofac- tors in amplifying HIV transmission, particularly in African-American communi- ties of the United States. In a person co-infected with HIV, the pathology induced by T. vaginalis infection can increase HIV shedding. Trichomonas infection may also act to expand the portal of entry for HIV in an HIV-negative person.

Frank Sorvillo; Lisa Smith; Peter Kerndt; H Lawrence Ash

2001-01-01

200

African American Women in Iowa Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fruitful collaboration between the Iowa Women's Archive and the African American Historical Museum and Cultural Center of Iowa has produced this enlightening website containing over 200 items including links to "scrapbooks," "photographs," "pamphlets" "oral histories" and "newsletters." The "Recent Additions" area allows visitors to click on any of the thumbnails in the line up of items shown, to see the image enlarged. By simply double clicking on the thumbnail, users can also access bibliographic data about the item.

201

Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school and college teachers interested in offering units or courses on Native American literature have often had to carve out new teaching strategies because ready resources and guides are scarce. In "Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide," Bruce A. Goebel offers innovative and practical suggestions about how to introduce…

Goebel, Bruce A.

2004-01-01

202

77 FR 33595 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...8832 of June 1, 2012 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012 By the President...long-cherished piece of American culture, music offers a vibrant soundtrack to the story...tradition, and during African-American Music Appreciation Month, we pay special...

2012-06-07

203

Racism as a stressor for African Americans: A biopsychosocial model  

Microsoft Academic Search

iven the historical and contemporary existence of racism in American society, one might suspect there would be an equally substantial literature examining the effects of racism on African Americans. Yet, research exploring the biological, psychological, and social effects of racism among African Americans is virtually nonexistent. The purpose of this article was threefold: (a) to provide a brief overview of

Rodney Clark; Norman B. Anderson; Vernessa R. Clark; David R. Williams

1999-01-01

204

The Future of African-Americans to the Year 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study considers the present condition of African-Americans and makes projections for the year 2000, emphasizing the relative conditions of European-Americans and African-Americans, and considering the public and private policy implications of these projections. Section 1, an overview of the subject, covers the following topics: (1) "The…

Congressional Task Force on the Future of African-Americans, Washington, DC.

205

Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms among African American Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18-34), middle (35-54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method: Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results: Discrimination was significantly…

Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

2011-01-01

206

African-Centered Education: An Approach to Schooling for Social Justice for African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay argues that offering African American students an African-centered education is one way to promote social justice in public education. We begin with a summary of the inadequate educations offered to many African American students, and then use philosophical interpretations of equal educational opportunity to delineate the requirements…

Marks, Jay B.; Tonso, Karen L.

2006-01-01

207

Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder in African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in African American youth. Tackling the myths and misinformation\\u000a surrounding ADHD in the African American community can be one of the most difficult issues in mental illness circles. There\\u000a is a lot of conflicting information about how African Americans are diagnosed, examined, and treated. This article clarifies\\u000a some of the misconceptions and offers some

Rahn K. Bailey; Shahid Ali; Shagufta Jabeen; Hilary Akpudo; Jaymie U. Avenido; Theresa Bailey; Jessica Lyons; Amelia A. Whitehead

2010-01-01

208

A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans.BackgroundThere is substantial evidence for a genetic contribution to diabetic nephropathy susceptibility in the African American population, but little is known about location or identity of susceptibility genes.MethodsDNA samples were collected from 206 type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD)\\/nephropathy-affected sib pairs from 166 African American families (355 affected individuals).

DONALD W BOWDEN; CARLA J COLICIGNO; CARL D LANGEFELD; MICHÈLE M SALE; ADRIENNE WILLIAMS; PAMELA J ANDERSON; STEPHEN S RICH; BARRY I FREEDMAN

2004-01-01

209

Perspectives from the historic African American medical institutions.  

PubMed

The historically African American medical schools have been at the center of medical education for African American physicians in the United States since the Howard University College of Medicine opened in 1868. Although there were more than a dozen African American medical schools established during the next few decades, as propriety or church affiliated schools, only two survived the Flexner Report in 1910. Howard University (1868) and Meharry (1876) survived and trained generations of African Americans. These two schools educated approximately 85% of all African American physicians whereas the majority medical schools educated 15% for more than half of the twentieth century. As the result of a series of lawsuits filed by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, civil rights legislation and affirmative action programs, the numbers of the schools that now admitted African Americans increased and the total numbers of African American medical students increased when discrimination was prohibited in 1966. The percentage of African American medical students attending predominantly white institutions increased by 25% in 1948, by 47% in 1968, by 61% in 1983 and to 84% in 1990. Two additional predominantly African American medical schools were established: the Charles R. Drew Medical School, Los Angeles (affiliated with the University of California, Los Angeles) in 1966, and Morehouse Medical School, Atlanta, which admitted its first class in 1978. Recent court decisions prohibiting schools from considering race as factor in admission and the end of affirmative action programs have resulted in a drop in total minority enrollment. The historically African American medical schools, that admitted approximately 15% of the African American medical students during the era of affirmative action programs, will see this percentage decrease as the majority institutions admit fewer African American medical students and minority students. In the United States this trend already has been observed in admission data and graduation data for 1996 and 1997. PMID:10335286

Epps, C H

1999-05-01

210

The landscape of recombination in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Recombination, together with mutation, is the ultimate source of genetic variation in populations. We leverage the recent mixture of people of African and European ancestry in the Americas to build a genetic map measuring the probability of crossing-over at each position in the genome, based on about 2.1 million crossovers in 30,000 unrelated African Americans. At intervals of more than three megabases it is nearly identical to a map built in Europeans. At finer scales it differs significantly, and we identify about 2,500 recombination hotspots that are active in people of West African ancestry but nearly inactive in Europeans. The probability of a crossover at these hotspots is almost fully controlled by the alleles an individual carries at PRDM9 (P<10?245). We identify a 17 base pair DNA sequence motif that is enriched in these hotspots, and is an excellent match to the predicted binding target of African-enriched alleles of PRDM9.

Hinch, Anjali G.; Tandon, Arti; Patterson, Nick; Song, Yunli; Rohland, Nadin; Palmer, Cameron D.; Chen, Gary K.; Wang, Kai; Buxbaum, Sarah G.; Akylbekova, Meggie; Aldrich, Melinda C.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; Amos, Christopher; Bandera, Elisa V.; Berndt, Sonja I.; Bernstein, Leslie; Blot, William J.; Bock, Cathryn H.; Boerwinkle, Eric; Cai, Qiuyin; Caporaso, Neil; Casey, Graham; Cupples, L. Adrienne; Deming, Sandra L.; Diver, W. Ryan; Divers, Jasmin; Fornage, Myriam; Gillanders, Elizabeth M.; Glessner, Joseph; Harris, Curtis C.; Hu, Jennifer J.; Ingles, Sue A.; Isaacs, Williams; John, Esther M.; Kao, W. H. Linda; Keating, Brendan; Kittles, Rick A.; Kolonel, Laurence N.; Larkin, Emma; Le Marchand, Loic; McNeill, Lorna H.; Millikan, Robert C.; Murphy, Adam; Musani, Solomon; Neslund-Dudas, Christine; Nyante, Sarah; Papanicolaou, George J.; Press, Michael F.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Reiner, Alex P.; Rich, Stephen S.; Rodriguez-Gil, Jorge L.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Rybicki, Benjamin A.; Schwartz, Ann G.; Signorello, Lisa B.; Spitz, Margaret; Strom, Sara S.; Thun, Michael J.; Tucker, Margaret A.; Wang, Zhaoming; Wiencke, John K.; Witte, John S.; Wrensch, Margaret; Wu, Xifeng; Yamamura, Yuko; Zanetti, Krista A.; Zheng, Wei; Ziegler, Regina G.; Zhu, Xiaofeng; Redline, Susan; Hirschhorn, Joel N.; Henderson, Brian E.; Taylor, Herman A.; Price, Alkes L.; Hakonarson, Hakon; Chanock, Stephen J.; Haiman, Christopher A.; Wilson, James G.; Reich, David; Myers, Simon R.

2011-01-01

211

Ethnic Matching, School Placement, and Mathematics Achievement of African American Students from Kindergarten through Fifth Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators, administrators, and policymakers focus much attention on closing the achievement gap, and various approaches have been suggested. The present study focuses on one approach being suggested: student-teacher ethnic matching. The study focused on the long-term contributions of African American ethnic matching to mathematical test scores of…

Eddy, Colleen M.; Easton-Brooks, Donald

2011-01-01

212

Telling Their Side of the Story: African-American Students' Perceptions of Culturally Relevant Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing amount of scholarship has documented the salience of culturally relevant teaching practices for ethnically and linguistically diverse students. However, research examining these students' perceptions and interpretations of these learning environments has been minimal at best. In this article, the author details the findings from a study that sought to assess African-American elementary students' interpretations of culturally relevant teachers

Tyrone C. Howard

2001-01-01

213

Conclusions: The Future of Family Involvement in Schools in African-American Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article talks about the future of family involvement in schools in African-American communities. The future of family involvement in the schools rests with today's teachers and parents who will take what they learned from the past, establish the philosophical foundations to guide their interactions, incorporate child and family theory and…

Juhasz, Anne

2004-01-01

214

All Things to All People. Special Circumstances Influencing the Performance of African American Superintendents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When confronted with the problems of urban school districts, such as an ever-increasing achievement gap, the underfunding of school districts, increased shortages of qualified teachers, greater emphasis on accountability, and the loss of public confidence, African American superintendents have considerable difficulty leading their school…

Hunter, Richard C.; Donahoo, Saran

2005-01-01

215

All Things to All People: Special Circumstances Influencing the Performance of African American Superintendents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When confronted with the problems of urban school districts, such as an ever-increasing achievement gap, the underfunding of school districts, increased shortages of qualified teachers, greater emphasis on accountability, and the loss of public confidence, African American superintendents have considerable difficulty leading their school…

Hunter, Richard C.; Donahoo, Saran

2005-01-01

216

Talking Drums: Reading and Writing with African American Stories, Spirituals, and Multimedia Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through stories, spirituals, and recommended resource books, Finnen exposes students to the rich history and heritage of Africa and African Americans. Each chapter provides the teacher or librarian with beautifully told folktales that provide the basis for further exploration of the chapter's focus. This rich resource is ideal for language arts…

Finnen, Wanda

2004-01-01

217

Ladies Are Seen, Not Heard: Language Socialization in a Southern, African American Cosmetology School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined classroom discourse at a southern cosmetology school, noting African American students' language socialization. Highlighted freshmen's and seniors' engagement with formal/textbook scripts about proper communication, analyzing how teachers and students made sense of official metacommunicative scripts about proper salon communication.…

Jacobs-Huey, Lanita

2003-01-01

218

African Americans Who Made a Difference. 15 Plays for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These easy-to-read classroom plays are about 15 African American men and women in a variety of vocations. The plays are designed to enhance the curriculum and to make social studies come alive for the student as they bolster language-arts teaching. Each play includes a Teacher's Guide that contains some quotes from the featured person and a brief…

1996

219

Cultural Variation in the Social Organization of Problem Solving Among African American and European American Siblings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the social organization of a problem-solving task among 15 African American and 15 European American sibling pairs. The 30 sibling pairs between the ages of 6 and 12 were video recorded constructing a marble track together during a home visit. African American siblings were observed to collaborate more often than European American siblings who were more likely

Daniel Budak; Pablo Chavajay

2012-01-01

220

Characterization of the African-American Male in Literature by African-American Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

African-American women' s literature has earned considerable recognition since the 1970's, due in large part to the critical acclaim and popular success of authors such as Toni Morrison, Alice Walker, and Terry McMillan. With that attention has come a wav...

C. E. Magee

1995-01-01

221

Varied Voices: Representations of African-American Language in Children's Picture Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the various representations of African American language found in contemporary children's picture books. Focuses on dialect, how varied African American language is, and how closely African American language is tied to the psychology of oppression. (TB)

Nikola-Lisa, W.

1995-01-01

222

Violence Prevention Among African American Adolescent Males  

PubMed Central

Objective To test psychosocial mediators of the effects of an intervention in reducing the rate of growth of violence among adolescents. Method Five hundred and seventy-one African American adolescent males participated in this randomized trial. Multilevel modeling techniques were used to ascertain both intervention and mediated effects. Results Intervention significantly reduced rate of growth of violence and 5 social and psychological factors in the treatment group relative to the control group. Four of these social and psychological factors were found to be complete mediators between the intervention and its preventive effects. Conclusion Changing psychological mediating variables is central to reducing youth violence.

Ngwe, Job E.; Liu, Li C.; Flay, Brian R.; Segawa, Eisuke

2009-01-01

223

Academic attainment and the high school science experiences among high-achieving African American males  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines the educational experiences of high achieving African American males. More specifically, it analyzes the influences on their successful navigation through high school science. Through a series of interviews, observations, questionnaires, science portfolios, and review of existing data the researcher attempted to obtain a deeper understanding of high achieving African American males and their limitations to academic attainment and high school science experiences. The investigation is limited to ten high achieving African American male science students at Woodcrest High School. Woodcrest is situated at the cross section of a suburban and rural community located in the southeastern section of the United States. Although this investigation involves African American males, all of whom are successful in school, its findings should not be generalized to this nor any other group of students. The research question that guided this study is: What are the limitations to academic attainment and the high school science experiences of high achieving African American males? The student participants expose how suspension and expulsion, special education placement, academic tracking, science instruction, and teacher expectation influence academic achievement. The role parents play, student self-concept, peer relationships, and student learning styles are also analyzed. The anthology of data rendered three overarching themes: (1) unequal access to education, (2) maintenance of unfair educational structures, and (3) authentic characterizations of African American males. Often the policies and practices set in place by school officials aid in creating hurdles to academic achievement. These policies and practices are often formed without meaningful consideration of the unintended consequences that may affect different student populations, particularly the most vulnerable. The findings from this study expose that high achieving African American males face major obstacles and limitations to achievement. Student study participants believe African American male students are targeted for suspension more often because of their gender and race, parents of high achieving African American males show some uncertainty about the school's ability to treat their sons in a fair and equitable manner, and teachers see indifference and the lack of science skills as the root cause of the diminished presence of African American male participation in higher level science classes.

Trice, Rodney Nathaniel

224

Do Gender Differences in Help Avoidance Vary by Ethnicity? An Examination of African American and European American Students during Early Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research examined whether the nature of gender differences varies by race for two types of academic engagement in the classroom (help avoidance and voice with the teacher) in a sample of early adolescents (N = 456; 55% female, 60% African American and 40% European American) making the transition to middle school. Growth curve analyses…

Ryan, Allison M.; Shim, S. Serena; Lampkins-uThando, Shawn A.; Kiefer, Sarah M.; Thompson, Geneene N.

2009-01-01

225

Do Gender Differences in Help Avoidance Vary by Ethnicity? An Examination of African American and European American Students During Early Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research examined whether the nature of gender differences varies by race for two types of academic engagement in the classroom (help avoidance and voice with the teacher) in a sample of early adolescents (N = 456; 55% female, 60% African American and 40% European American) making the transition to middle school. Growth curve analyses indicated that help avoidance

Allison M. Ryan; S. Serena Shim; Shawn A. Lampkins-uThando; Sarah M. Kiefer; Geneene N. Thompson

2009-01-01

226

The Great Migration 1900-1939: Enriching the Humanities through the Study of African-American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on the "Great Migration" project at Harvard University that brought together scholars and teachers to study the roots, processes, and results of African Americans' urban migration during the period from 1900-1939. The primary purpose of the project was to enhance teachers' scholarly understanding of this aspect of U.S.…

Wiske, Martha Stone; Graham, Maryemma

227

HIV Treatment in African Americans: Challenges and Opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the current standard of care for HIV infection as well as how health disparities in the HIV care of African Americans present challenges for both providers and patients. The potential side effects in these antiretroviral treatment regimens that may be a source of additional challenges in treating African Americans are highlighted. A brief review of these issues

Victoria A. Cargill; Valerie E. Stone; M. Renee Robinson

2004-01-01

228

African American Street Gangs: A Quest for Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the phenomenon of African American street gangs. It examines the scope of the gang problem, gives a historical review of gangs in America, and examines gang activity and membership for African American youth. Some of the causes for gang formation are delineated, and comprehensive programs for addressing the gang problem are proposed.

Jerome L. Blakemore; Glenda M. Blakemore

1998-01-01

229

Teaching African-American History in the Age of Obama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author proposed a spring course on major topics in African-American history, drawing a large enrollment was her chief concern. She had previously taught the course under a different title at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, a campus with a sizable African-American presence among students and faculty members. She now teaches…

Millward, Jessica

2009-01-01

230

A Snapshot of African Americans in Higher Education. Mini Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recognition of national African-American History Month, the Institute for Higher Education Policy wishes to highlight the trends and present-day experiences of African-American college students. Recognizing that the society benefits tremendously from an educated citizenry, there must be a renewed commitment to ensuring educational opportunity,…

Institute for Higher Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

231

General Dissociation Scale and Hypnotizability with African American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of the General Dissociation Scale with African American college students, and provide additional data on how to assess hypnotizability with these students. Two-hundred and two undergraduate African American college students participated in this study. Students completed the HGSHS:A, a measure…

Sapp, Marty; Hitchcock, Kim

232

African-American College Students' Perceptions Of Sexual Coercion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the phenomenon of sexual coercion has been studied extensively, little is known about African-American college students' perceptions about verbal sexual coercion. Using a phenomenological approach, the researchers conducted five focus group interviews with 39 African-American students (20 females, 19 males) at a large Midwestern university…

Mouzon, LaTonya D.; Battle, Alicia; Clark, Kevin P.; Coleman, Stephanie; Ogletree, Roberta J.

2005-01-01

233

Multiculturalism, Diversity, and African American College Students: Receptive, Yet Skeptical?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hypothesized that African American college students with higher racial self-esteem would be more open to diversity and multiculturalism than students with lower racial self-esteem. Surveys indicated that most students valued diversity-oriented courses, though most also believed that diversity courses were biased against African Americans. Students…

Ervin, Kelly S.

2001-01-01

234

AFRICAN AMERICAN THEATERS IN GEORGIA: PRESERVING AN ENTERTAINMENT LEGACY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many African American theaters built in the early twentieth century have been destroyed. This thesis looks at four African American theaters in Georgia that have been preserved or are in the process of being preserved. It looks at the history of the theaters and at how preservationists took, or are taking, the initiative to restore these entertainment palaces. The restoration

JASON L. ELLERBEE

235

Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.

236

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial…

Combs, Dennis R.; Penn, David L.; Cassisi, Jeffrey; Michael, Chris; Wood, Terry; Wanner, Jill; Adams, Scott

2006-01-01

237

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia Among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial to measure paranoia on a continuum, but few

Dennis R. Combs; David L. Penn; Jeffrey Cassisi; Chris Michael; Terry Wood; Jill Wanner; Scott Adams

2006-01-01

238

Beyond Statistics: African American Male Persistence in Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative case study that consists of six African American male participants is to examine, describe, and analyze African American male persistence factors at a community college in the midwest of the United States. The study uses qualitative content analysis as a research method that provides a systematic and objective means…

Dickens, Manuel Dewayne

2012-01-01

239

Family Influences on Racial Identity among African American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of parental efficacy, family coping, and adaptive family functioning on the development of racial identity among African American youth. Fifty-two African American parent-child dyads were participants. Results of a hierarchical regression revealed family adaptability and family cognitive…

Townsend, Tiffany; Lanphier, Erin

2007-01-01

240

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history…

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

241

75 FR 32075 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...8527 of May 28, 2010 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation Music can tell a story, assuage our sorrows...including the African- American community, music unites individuals through a shared...

2010-06-07

242

76 FR 32851 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...8684 of May 31, 2011 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation The music of our Nation has always spoken to the...shared values. During African-American Music Appreciation Month, we honor the...

2011-06-07

243

Plenary-AA : Cancer and the African American Experience  

Cancer.gov

The first plenary of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study: Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans explores the many factors that lead to inequalities in cancer care outcomes for African Americans.

244

Stalling Out: The Relative Progress of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The socioeconomic progress of African Americans appears to be in a stalled state. This study analyzes the progress of African Americans toward parity with Whites over a 15- to 20-year period in the following areas: (1) employment; (2) economic development; (3) education; (4) health; (5) housing; and (6) political empowerment. For individual…

Tidwell, Billy J.

245

African Americans' Reactions to Diversity Programs: Does Procedural Justice Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used an organizational justice approach to examine workforce diversity programs and their potential effects on attitudes of African American beneficiaries through data from 66 African American undergraduates. Beneficiaries were more concerned about adequate procedural justification for the decision to hire them under a diversity program than the…

Richard, Orlando C.; Kirby, Susan L.

1997-01-01

246

Social Achievement Goals: Validation among Rural African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little extant research attempts to understand why rural African Americans engage in social relationships with peers in school. This is somewhat surprising as rural students' peer interactions often affect their scholastic desires, and peers can alter African Americans' academic performance. Hence, the current study examined both the…

Jones, Martin H.; Mueller, Christian E.; Royal, Kenneth D.; Shim, Sungok Serena; Hart, Caroline O.

2013-01-01

247

Correlations of cardiovascular disease risk factors between African American siblings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: This study examines intrasibling correlations at 2 points during childhood for African American siblings with the same father, different fathers, a father present in the home, and no father present in the home.Study design: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors were assessed in 267 pairs of African American siblings (visit 1) and in 79 of these siblings approximately 28 months

Ronald J Iannotti; Alan E Zuckerman; Nader Rifai

2000-01-01

248

Dimensions of Academic Contingencies among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from existing literature, the authors conceptualized a two-dimensional framework of African American students' academic contingencies of self-worth. The results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses with a sample of African American college freshmen (N = 330) supported this prediction. Self-Worth Dependent academic…

Griffin, Tiffany Monique; Chavous, Tabbye; Cogburn, Courtney; Branch, LaToya; Sellers, Robert

2012-01-01

249

Community violence and sociomoral development: an African American cultural perspective.  

PubMed

This review considers the impact of exposure to community violence on sociomoral development within the African American community. Common sequelae of covictimization, as well as cultural experiences of the African American community, frame a discussion of the implications of covictimization for the development of moral reasoning. Recommendations for future research and intervention are provided. PMID:12769239

Kuther, Tara L; Wallace, Scyatta A

2003-04-01

250

School Programs for African-American Male Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently developed school programs for African-American male students give strong gender and cultural identity; strengthen social skills, discipline, and self-esteem; and redefine the "manly" African American. Some programs have faced legal and political obstacles. Early evidence of modest success is clear, but the long-term efficacy is unclear.…

Ascher, Carol

1991-01-01

251

African-American Grandmothers as Health Educators in the Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 18,000 adolescents die each year in the United States from bicycle, motorcycle, car, and truck accidents. This study sought to understand the role of African-American grandmothers as prevention-oriented health educators in the family. Full Model Fitted Regression Analyses were conducted on a sample of African-American grandmothers (N =…

Watson, Jeffrey A.; Randolph, Suzanne M.; Lyons, James L.

2005-01-01

252

Sleeping Beauty Redefined: African American Girls in Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the interests, perceptions, and participation of 16 African American girls in a program designed to improve girls' persistence in science, mathematics, and technology (SMT). The girls are among 33 African American and 73 total original participants in "Rural and Urban Images: Voices of Girls in Science, Mathematics, and…

Kusimo, Patricia S.

253

Perceived Peer Norms and Sexual Intentions Among African American Preadolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research was to examine whether perceived peer dating and sexual experience norms are related to attitudes toward dating and sexual behavior and to precoital and sexual intentions among African American preadolescents. Participants included 1,046 African American youth aged 9-12 years (M = 10.57 years). Youth completed a…

Wallace, Scyatta A.; Miller, Kim S.; Forehand, Rex

2008-01-01

254

Board Books Featuring African Americans: Vanishing but Not Entirely Gone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of infant and toddler board books (books printed on heavy cardboard and laminated for durability) featuring African Americans and published from 1990 to 2002. Provides a brief overview of the development of board books in general, and suggests criteria for evaluating board books that feature African Americans in…

Mongo, Jonella A.

2002-01-01

255

Retaining African-American Students through the Freshman Seminar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the success of the Freshman Seminar Program at the University of South Carolina, designed to retain African-American students. Discusses the personal and social development needs of African-American students and how the Freshman Seminar contributes to their development. Presents data showing retention results. (MAB)

Fidler, Paul P.; Godwin, Margi A.

1994-01-01

256

Communicative Functions of African American Head Start Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds are more often over- and underreferred for special education services than children from the mainstream culture. In fact, African American children, particularly boys, are more likely to be expelled from preschool programs. Differences in African American communication styles may be…

Hwa-Froelich, Deborah; Kasambira, Danai C.; Moleski, Amy Marie

2007-01-01

257

Psychosocial Correlates of Smoking Trajectories Among Urban African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known of smoking trajectories or of the correlates of smoking trajectories among African American youth. Ninth-grade African American adolescents (n = 566) were interviewed in Year 1 and then were subsequently interviewed annually for 3 additional years. Five trajectories of cigarette smokers were identified: abstainers,…

Fergus, Stevenson; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Caldwell, Cleopatra H.

2005-01-01

258

African Americans Respond Poorly to Hepatitis C Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans have a significantly lower response rate to treatment for chronic hepatitis C than non-Hispanic Whites, according to a new study led by Duke University Medical Center researchers. Some African Americans--19 percent--did respond to the drug combination of peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin. But in non-Hispanic Whites with the…

Black Issues in Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

259

Building on Strengths: Intergenerational Practice with African American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intergenerational kinship and multigenerational families (three or more generations) have been a source of strength for African Americans. This article presents a culturally responsive intergenerational practice model for working with African American families that draws on this legacy. The model looks at intergenerational kinship and…

Waites, Cheryl

2009-01-01

260

Counseling Groups for African American Women: A Focus on Spirituality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains cultural and spiritual traditions within African American women's experience that form the foundation for group counseling strategies. Reviews literature regarding African American women's experience in groups. Explains group interventions such as art, music, dance, imagery, journaling, and rituals that can help transcend, empower, and…

Williams, Carmen Braun; Frame, Marsha Wiggins; Green, Evelyn

1999-01-01

261

Enriching Inclusive Learning: African Americans in Historic Costume  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educating students to embrace diversity and value all people is a core value of educators in family and consumer sciences (FCS). For instructors in FCS, integrating the contributions of African Americans--particularly in textiles and clothing--can be an inclusive learning opportunity. The authors compiled resources on African Americans and…

Ratute, Ashley; Marcketti, Sara B.

2009-01-01

262

These Hallowed Halls: African American Women College and University Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early laws prohibited African Americans from learning to read and write in the United States. The right to an education has produced a significant number of African American women acquiring higher education. Racial and gender diversity at the presidential level in higher education 4-year institutions appears to be changing rapidly. The data…

Bates, Gerri

2007-01-01

263

The College Life Experiences of African American Women Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study provides a descriptive analysis of four areas of African American women student athletes' college life experiences: academic performance; alienation and abuse; perceived social advantage as the result of athletics; and life satisfaction. Multivariate comparisons were made between the four areas of college life experiences of 154 African American women student athletes and 793 White women student athletes,

Robert M. Sellers; Gabriel P. Kuperminc; Alphonse Damas

1997-01-01

264

Clustering of Risk Behaviours among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Individuals may engage in more than one risk behaviour at any given time. The extent to which risk behaviours cluster among African American adults has been largely unexplored. This study examined the prevalence and clustering of three risk behaviours among African American church members: smoking; low moderate-to-vigorous intensity…

Baruth, M.; Addy, C. L.; Wilcox, S.; Dowda, M.

2012-01-01

265

Food Group Categories of Low-Income African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Describe lay food group categories of low-income African American women and assess the overlap of lay food groups and MyPyramid food groups. Design: A convenience sample of African American mothers from a low-income Chicago neighborhood performed a card-sorting task in which they grouped familiar food items into food groups. Setting:…

Lynch, Elizabeth B.; Holmes, Shane

2011-01-01

266

Developing culturally sensitive cancer genetics communication aids for African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this project was to develop educational materials to communicate gene- tic health information in a culturally sensi- tive manner. These materials were designed to communicate information about cancer risk, genetic testing options, and health management options in an African American kindred with a known BRCA1 mutation. Educational materials were pilot-tested in four African American focus groups varying

Bonnie Jeanne Baty; Anita Yeomans Kinney; Sara Marie Ellis

2003-01-01

267

African-American Attitudes towards United States Immigration Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores attitudes of African Americans about U.S. immigration policy, from slavery to the present. Fourteen contemporary polls reveal a long-standing preference among blacks in the United States for restricting immigration rather than maintaining or increasing it, in spite of beliefs that make it difficult for African Americans to see the…

Diamond, Jeff

1998-01-01

268

The Relationship between African American Enculturation and Racial Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how predictive the Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS; B. J. Vandiver, W. E. Cross, F. C. Worrell, & P. Fhagen-Smith, 2002), a measure of Black racial identity, was of African American cultural practices, beliefs, and attitudes (i.e., enculturation) as measured by the African American Acculturation Scale-33 (H. Landrine & E.…

Cokley, Kevin; Helm, Katherine

2007-01-01

269

Beta Blocker Therapy in African American Patients with Heart Failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from a number of clinical trials of beta blocker therapy in heart failure, although limited in the size of African American patients included, suggest that they achieve a similar benefit as Caucasians. African Americans were usually at higher risk when enrolled in all of these studies with a higher incidence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The only exception is

Sidney Goldstein

2004-01-01

270

Lessons Learned: Research within an Urban, African American District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning-making, and self-definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race…

Scott, Kimberly Ann

2012-01-01

271

Mesh diagram cephalometric norms for Americans of African descent  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to establish cephalometric norms for African-American males and females, to compare these measurements with the findings of Alexander's ?Alabama analysis,” and to construct mesh templates for various age groups. The sample we evaluated included 71 African-Americans, divided into four groups: girls (8 to 12 years), boys (8 to 12 years), adolescent females (13 to

Kathy L Bailey; Reginald W Taylor

1998-01-01

272

Effective Education of African American Exceptional Learners: New Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 11 author-contributed papers covering the theory and practice of effective assessment and instruction of African American students with exceptionalities, including both disabilities and giftedness. Emphasis is on effective delivery of empowering services to African American youth and their families. The first seven papers have…

Ford, Bridgie Alexis, Ed.; And Others

273

African Americans Who Teach German Language and Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large number of black scholars have pursued advanced degrees in the German language, history, and culture. Describes the history of African American interest in the German language and culture, highlighting various black scholars who have studied German over the years. Presents data on African Americans in German graduate programs and examines…

Fikes, Robert Jr.

2001-01-01

274

Training African-American residents in the 20th century.  

PubMed

Bellevue Hospital, the oldest public hospital in the United States and a lineal descendant of an infirmary for slaves, accepted its first African-American resident, Dr. Ubert Conrad Vincent, in 1918. This occurred at a time when many medical centers were not accepting African-American residents. At the end of WWII, one-third of the accredited medical schools still barred African Americans. However, Bellevue Hospital continued to train African-American residents. Between the 1920s and 1940s four African Americans matriculated at Bellevue Hospital. There were six in the 1950s, four in the 1960s, and 25 in the 1970s. By the 1980s, 40 African Americans matriculated, and between 1990 and 1995, 61 matriculated. Despite its historic first, Bellevue lagged slightly behind the national average. While the number of African-American residents occupying U.S. residency slots increased from 2.8% in 1978 to 6.5% in 1996, African Americans comprised 3.6% of residency slots at Bellevue between 1985-1995. Currently, only 7% of practicing physicians and 5% in faculty positions are latino, African-American, and Native American. Increasing the number of under-represented minority (URM) physicians is important to the United States, as URM physicians are more likely to serve the poor and uninsured, therefore improving the overall healthcare of the underprivileged. A study by the Association of American Medical Colleges indicated that minority medical school graduates were five times more likely to report that they planned to serve minority populations than other graduates. In their position paper, the American College of Physicians expressed the belief that increasing the number of URM physicians will help reduce healthcare disparities that can hurt minority populations and lead to poor health outcomes. The Supreme Court acknowledged the importance of racial diversity by upholding the University of Michigan affirmative action admissions policy in its June 2003 ruling. URM physicians are needed not only to serve minority populations but also to serve as mentors and role models for prospective and current students. The first African-American resident to graduate from the Bellevue Residency Program did indeed treat the underserved, as Dr. Vincent founded the Vincent Sanatorium, dedicated to treating African-American patients, and training African-American nurses and doctors. Over the course of the 20th century, Bellevue Hospital has trained increasing numbers of African-American physicians. It is hoped that, like their predecessor, Dr. Vincent, they will provide care to underserved communities and to the community as a whole, as well as serve as role models for generations to come. PMID:15040520

Green-McKenzie, Judith

2004-03-01

275

Correlates of African American Men's Sexual Schemas  

PubMed Central

Sexual schemas are cognitive representations of oneself as a sexual being and aid in the processing of sexually relevant information. We examined the relationship between sociosexuality (attitudes about casual sex), masculine ideology (attitudes toward traditional men and male roles), and cultural centrality (strength of identity with racial group) as significant psychosocial and sociocultural predictors in shaping young, heterosexual African American men's sexual schemas. A community sample (n=133) of men in a southeastern city of the United States completed quantitative self-report measures examining their attitudes and behavior related to casual sex, beliefs about masculinity, racial and cultural identity, and self-views of various sexual aspects of themselves. Results indicated that masculine ideology and cultural centrality were both positively related to men's sexual schemas. Cultural centrality explained 12 % of the variance in level of sexual schema, and had the strongest correlation of the predictor variables with sexual schema (r=.36). The need for more attention to the bidirectional relationships between masculinity, racial/cultural identity, and sexual schemas in prevention, intervention, and public health efforts for African American men is discussed.

Morales, Dawn A.; Coyne-Beasley, Tamera; St. Lawrence, Janet

2013-01-01

276

Gender differences in mental health characteristics and gambling among African-American adolescent gamblers  

PubMed Central

This study explores gender differences in lifetime and recent substance use/internalizing behavior, childhood externalizing behavior and gambling preferences among African-American youth gamblers. Data are from a prospective study of a community sample of 452 urban African-American youth that began at entry into first grade and was followed for ten years. Gambling was associated with high teacher ratings of childhood externalizing behaviors among males, and with high parent ratings of childhood impulsivity and hyperactivity among both genders. Internalizing behavior was associated with female gambling. No male-female differences in substance use/lifetime conduct disorder among gamblers were noted. Gambling preferences/frequency differed across genders.

Martins, Silvia S.; Storr, Carla L.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.; Chilcoat, Howard D.

2008-01-01

277

“The Harvest is Plentiful but the Laborers are Few:” An Interdisciplinary Examination of Career Choice and African American Sororities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching was a popular career option pursued by African American women prior to the 1970s; since then, there has been a steady\\u000a decline of interest in the profession. Historically, black sororities helped to recruit new teachers and provided social networks\\u000a of support for professional African American women. In this article, we examine research literature from multiple disciplines\\u000a that links the

Marcia Hernandez; Harriett Arnold

278

"Niggaz Dyin' Don't Make No News": Exploring the Intellectual Work of an African American Urban Adolescent Boy in an After-School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, and from the standpoint of an African American woman teacher/researcher, the author explores what happened when one African American adolescent boy known inside of school as a "severely disengaged" student cultivated literacy practices and events of his own volition in an after-school program. The author asks, how does race and…

Staples, Jeanine M.

2012-01-01

279

The Inventory of Teacher-Student Relationships: Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity among African American Youth in Low-Income Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Inventory of Teacher-Student Relationships (IT-SR), a measure that was developed by adapting the widely used Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachments (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987) for use in the context of teacher-student relationships. The instrument was field tested…

Murray, Christopher; Zvoch, Keith

2011-01-01

280

Culturally Specific Dance to Reduce Obesity in African American Women  

PubMed Central

This article provides evidence of a culturally specific dance intervention to decrease obesity as measured by body fat and body mass index (BMI) in African American women. A community partnership was formed with two African American churches to develop an intervention to address the issue of obesity. The culturally specific dance intervention was delivered two times per week for 8 weeks, choreographed to gospel music selected by the experimental group participants, and taught by an African American woman. Body fat and BMI were assessed at three time points and revealed significant differences between the two groups. Attending a minimum of 7 classes was enough to show an observed dose effect and the intervention was found to be culturally specific by understanding their roles as African American women. This community partnership was an effective way to promote a church-based, culturally specific dance intervention to improve the health of African American women.

Murrock, Carolyn J.; Gary, Faye A.

2013-01-01

281

Racial identity and perception of American ideals among African American and African students in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined contextual factors in racial identity, by comparing 113 Black American college students and 93 Black African college students residing in the United States. Participants completed a questionnaire assessing racial identity, applicability of American ideals, and self-esteem. Racial identity scores did not differ between the two groups, but for the African students racial identity showed a significant increase

Jean S. Phinney; Mukosolu Onwughalu

1996-01-01

282

African American Parental Involvement in a Post-"Brown" Era: Facilitating the Academic Achievement of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Brown v. Board of Education" decision defined public education for African Americans in the United States. In this article I discuss the tradition of African American parental involvement in the pre-"Brown" era, challenges to parental involvement in a post-"Brown" era, and a parental involvement initiative in an urban elementary school. I…

Tillman, Linda C.

2004-01-01

283

African American Male Achievement: Using a Tenet of Critical Theory to Explain the African American Male Achievement Disparity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although African Americans continue to demonstrate a desire for education, Black male enrollment and completion rates in higher education are dismal when compared to other ethnic groups. Researchers and scholars have noted various theories and philosophies responsible for the academic disengagement of African American men in higher education. This…

Palmer, Robert T.; Maramba, Dina C.

2011-01-01

284

Attachment Style Differences and Depression in African American and European American College Women: Normative Adaptations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined ethnic differences in attachment styles and depression among African American and European American college women. African American women reported less favorable views of others, which suggests that attachment styles emphasizing caution in relationships may be normative and adaptive for these women. There were no differences…

Cooley, Eileen L.; Garcia, Amber L.

2012-01-01

285

Dancing in the Margins: Experiences of African American Ballerinas  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Where are all the Black Swans?” Gia Koulas asked in 2007. The question begs to be answered, yet in my search for “black swans,”\\u000a I found few leading light-skinned swans and even fewer leading dark-skinned ones. Color casting has riddled the African-American\\u000a community throughout the American history. The divisions within the African-American community have been an unpleasant cornerstone\\u000a of the

Nyama McCarthy-Brown

286

Exploring the Link between Self-Construal and Distress among African American and Asian American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated ethnicity, self-construal, and distress among African American and Asian American college students. African American students expressed more salient independent self-construals, whereas Asian American students expressed more salient interdependent self-construals. As hypothesized, among African American participants,…

Christopher, Michael S.; Skillman, Gemma D.

2009-01-01

287

Differences in Acute Response to Alcohol between African Americans and European Americans  

PubMed Central

Background Response to alcohol is a widely studied risk factor and potential endophenotype for alcohol use disorders. Research on African American response to alcohol has been limited despite large differences in alcohol use between African Americans and European Americans. Extending our previous work on the African American portion of this sample, the current study examined differences in acute subjective response to alcohol between African Americans and European Americans. Additionally, we tested if the association between response to alcohol and past month drinking behavior and alcohol-related problems differed across race. Methods One hundred and seventy eight participants (mean age = 21.87, SD = 1.23; 57% African American) who were moderate to heavy social drinkers completed an alcohol administration study in a laboratory setting, receiving a moderate dose of alcohol (0.72g/kg alcohol for males, 0.65g/kg for females). Acute alcohol response was measured at 8 time points (i.e., baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, and 150 minutes). Results Latent growth curve models showed that African Americans experienced sharper increases in stimulation on the ascending limb compared to European Americans. African American women experienced sharper increases in sedation on the ascending limb compared to European American women. Change in sedation on the ascending limb was associated with past month drinking behavior. Stimulation on the ascending limb was related to alcohol-problems for African Americans but not European Americans. Conclusions We found differences in response to alcohol across racial groups: African Americans showed a stronger response to alcohol. Future studies are needed to incorporate response to alcohol into a larger model of African American alcohol use.

Pedersen, Sarah L.; McCarthy, Denis M.

2013-01-01

288

African-American Women: Online Archival Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University has a wealth of digitized materials related to African American women. This particular collection brings together three noteworthy collections: Elizabeth Johnson Harris: Life Story; Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson: Slave Letters; and Vilet Lester Letter. This last item is particularly noteworthy as it is a very rare item indeed: a letter written by a female slave. The Elizabeth Johnson Harris: A Life Story area brings together the full text of her memories, along with several poems and vignettes published in various newspapers in her lifetime. She was born in 1867 to parents who had been slaves, and the memoir includes information about her own childhood and the importance of religion and education in her life. Finally, the last section brings together letters written by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson to their mistresses and other slave family members in Abingdon, Virginia.

2011-11-11

289

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in African American youth.  

PubMed

This article examines attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in African American youth. Tackling the myths and misinformation surrounding ADHD in the African American community can be one of the most difficult issues in mental illness circles. There is a lot of conflicting information about how African Americans are diagnosed, examined, and treated. This article clarifies some of the misconceptions and offers some comprehensibility to the issue of ADHD in African American youth. The incidence of ADHD is probably similar in African Americans and Caucasians. However, fewer African Americans are diagnosed with and treated for ADHD. That reality flies in the face of some perceptions in many African American communities. Reasons for this disparity have not been fully clarified and are most likely complex and numerous. Some barriers to treatment are driven by the beliefs of patients and their families, while others are the result of limitations in the health care system. Patient-driven obstacles to care include inadequate knowledge of symptoms, treatment, and consequences of untreated ADHD and fear of overdiagnosis and misdiagnosis. System-driven limitations include a lack of culturally competent health care providers, stereotyping or biases, and failure of clinicians to evaluate the child in multiple settings before diagnosis. PMID:20697849

Bailey, Rahn K; Ali, Shahid; Jabeen, Shagufta; Akpudo, Hilary; Avenido, Jaymie U; Bailey, Theresa; Lyons, Jessica; Whitehead, Amelia A

2010-10-01

290

Adherence treatment factors in hypertensive African American women  

PubMed Central

Background Hypertension among African American women is of epidemic proportions. Nonadherence to treatment contributes to uncontrolled blood pressure in this population. Factors associated with adherence to treatment in African American women are unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with adherence to hypertension treatment in African American women. Methods Five audio-taped focus groups were conducted with hypertensive African American women, 35 years and older receiving treatment for hypertension from an inner-city free clinic. All transcripts from the tapes were analyzed for content describing adherence to treatment factors. Findings Factors associated with adherence to treatment in hypertensive African American women were in three main categories including: beliefs about hypertension, facilitators of adherence to treatment, and barriers to adherence to treatment. Implications The study supports the need for education on managing hypertension and medication side effects, early screening for depression in hypertensive African Americans, development of culturally sensitive hypertension educational material, and formation of support groups for promoting adherence to treatment among African American women with hypertension.

Fongwa, Marie N; Evangelista, Lorraines S; Hays, Ron D; Martins, David S; Elashoff, David; Cowan, Marie J; Morisky, Donald E

2008-01-01

291

The Anacostia Museum & Center for African American History and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in a historically African-American community in the southeast quadrant of Washington, D.C., the Anacostia Museum & Center for African American History and Culture's primary goal is to "explore American history, society, and creative expression from an African American perspective.". Visitors may want to begin by looking through the general information section, especially if they are planning a visit in the near future. There is also a special section dedicated to providing information on current and upcoming exhibits, along with several online exhibits, including one on the contemporary spiritual traditions within the African-American community. Perhaps one of the more interesting parts of the site is the area dedicated to providing history about the actual community of Anacostia where the museum is physically located. In this section, visitors can learn about the various transformations that have affected the community over its long history, and even view educational exercises for use at home or in the classroom.

292

Oxford African American Studies Center: Focus on Women and Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Oxford African American Studies Center has created this website to house its comprehensive collection of scholarship documenting the many and varied experiences that make up African and African American history and culture. Along with over 10,000 articles, 2,500 images, and 200 maps, the site features an excellent "Focus On" series each month, in which the editors compile various short articles, picture essays, and links on a designated topic. The Focus on Women and Literature is particularly noteworthy. Here, visitors can explore the life and works of influential women in American literature, from Phillis Wheatley to Toni Morrison. The site can be easily navigated by subject or by specific biography, with suggestions for related sources and content provided in each section. Additionally, curious visitors will find links to all of the previously featured subjects within the series, ranging from African Americans in Science and Technology to Black Homesteading in the American Western Frontier.

293

Predictors of Consistent Condom Use Among Young African American Women  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to determine the predictive value of selected factors to the consistent use of condoms among high-risk young African American women. A clinic-based, prospective, study of 242 young, African-American women (ages 15–21) was conducted. In multivariate analysis, consistent condom use was predicted by having greater perceptions of condom negotiation self-efficacy, lower fear of negotiating condom use, and having communicated with sex partners (during the recall period) about condom use. Relational variables were predictive of consistent condom use among young African American women. STD/HIV preventive interventions should target these factors, perhaps in dyad-level interventions.

DiClemente, Ralph J.; Salazar, Laura F.; Wingood, Gina M.; McDermott-Sales, Jessica; Young, April M.; Rose, Eve

2012-01-01

294

Differing Reports of Asthma Symptoms in African Americans and Caucasians  

PubMed Central

Objective This pilot study explores the reported symptoms in African Americans and Caucasians with asthma. Methods Asthma patients in an inner-city pulmonary clinic were given a brief questionnaire of asthma symptoms and the BORG scale, followed by spirometry. Results African Americans were less likely to report nocturnal awakenings (67% vs. 100%; p = 0.037), complain of dyspnea (33% vs. 75%; p = 0.038), or experience chest pain (13% vs. 75%; p=0.002) than Caucasians. Conclusions This is the first study to demonstrate that there are clinically significant differences in the reporting of asthma symptoms between African Americans and Caucasians.

Trochtenberg, D. Scott; Belue, Rhonda; Piphus, Sharon; Washington, Niketa

2010-01-01

295

Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Profiled here are African American men and women who have contributed to the advancement of science and engineering. The accomplishments of the past and present can serve as pathfinders to present and future engineers and scientists. African American chemists, biologists, inventors, engineers, and mathematicians have contributed in both large and small ways that can be overlooked when chronicling the history of science. By describing the scientific history of selected African American men and women we can see how the efforts of individuals have advanced human understanding in the world around us.

Mitchell C Brown (University of California- Irvine)

1995-01-01

296

Understanding African Americans’ views of the trustworthiness of physicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Many scholars have written about the historical underpinnings and likely consequences of African Americans distrust in health\\u000a care, yet little research has been done to understand if and how this distrust affects African Americans’ current views of\\u000a the trustworthiness of physicians.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a OBJECTIVE: To better understand what trust and distrust in physicians means to African Americans.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN: Focus-group study, using

Elizabeth A. Jacobs; Italia Rolle; Carol Estwing Ferrans; Eric E. Whitaker; Richard B. Warnecke

2006-01-01

297

Beta blocker therapy in African American patients with heart failure.  

PubMed

Data from a number of clinical trials of beta blocker therapy in heart failure, although limited in the size of African American patients included, suggest that they achieve a similar benefit as Caucasians. African Americans were usually at higher risk when enrolled in all of these studies with a higher incidence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The only exception is the Beta Blocker Evaluation of Survival Trial (BEST) that studied the efficacy of Bucindolol in heart failure. In that study there appeared to be a unique differential effect in African Americans compared to Caucasians which may have been in part related to the severity of the disease. PMID:15516864

Goldstein, Sidney

2004-04-01

298

African American renal transplant recipients benefit from early corticosteroid withdrawal under modern immunosuppression.  

PubMed

African Americans have historically been considered high-risk renal transplant recipients due to increased rejection rates and reduced long-term graft survival. Modern immunosuppression has reduced rejections and improved graft survival in African Americans and may allow successful corticosteroid withdrawal. Outcomes in 56 African Americans were compared to 56 non-African Americans enrolled in early withdrawal protocols. Results are reported as African American versus non-African American. Acute rejection at 1 year was 23% and 18% (P = NS), while patient and graft survival was 96% versus 98% and 91% versus 91% (P = NS), respectively. In conclusion, early withdrawal in African Americans is associated with acceptable rejection rates and excellent patient and graft survival, indicating that the risks and benefits of early withdrawal are similar between African Americans and non-African Americans. Additional followup is needed to determine long-term renal function, graft survival, and cardiovascular risk in African Americans with early steroid withdrawal. PMID:15848541

Boardman, R E; Alloway, R R; Alexander, J W; Buell, J F; Cardi, M; First, M R; Hanaway, M T; Munda, R; Rogers, C C; Roy-Chaudhury, P; Susskind, B; Trofe, J; Woodle, E S

2005-03-01

299

Changing psychiatric perception of African-Americans with affective disorders.  

PubMed

This article explored the origins and implications of the underdiagnosis of affective disorders in African-Americans. MEDLINE and old collections were searched using relevant key words. Reference lists from the articles that were gathered from this procedure were reviewed. The historical record indicated that the psychiatric perception of African-Americans with affective disorders changed significantly during the last 200 years. In the antebellum period, the mental disorders of slaves mostly went unnoticed. By the early 20th century, African-Americans were reported to have high rates of manic-depressive disorder compared with whites. By the mid-century, rates of manic-depressive disorder in African-Americans plummeted, whereas depression remained virtually nonexistent. In recent decades, diagnosed depression and bipolar disorder, whether in clinical or research settings, were inexplicably low in African-Americans compared with whites. Given these findings, American psychiatry needs to appraise the deep-seated effects of historical stereotypes on the diagnosis and treatment of African-Americans. PMID:23197118

Jarvis, G Eric

2012-12-01

300

Perceptions of Asian-American and Hispanic-American teachers and their students on teacher interpersonal communication style  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigated the relationship of teacher and student ethnic background to their perceptions of teacher interpersonal behaviour. It is theoretically linked to research on multicultural education and teacher interpersonal communication styles. Perceptions of 27 Asian-American and Hispanic-American teachers and their students in culturally diverse high schools were gathered by means of questionnaires and structured interviews. Teachers had more favourable

Perry J den Brok; Jack Levy; Rely Rodriguez; Theo Wubbels

2002-01-01

301

African American and European American Mothers' Beliefs about Negative Emotions and Emotion Socialization Practices  

PubMed Central

SYNOPSIS Objective Mothers’ beliefs about their children’s negative emotions and their emotion socialization practices were examined. Design Sixty-five African American and 137 European American mothers of 5-year-old children reported their beliefs and typical responses to children’s negative emotions, and mothers’ emotion teaching practices were observed. Results African American mothers reported that the display of negative emotions was less acceptable than European American mothers, and African American mothers of boys perceived the most negative social consequences for the display of negative emotions. African American mothers reported fewer supportive responses to children’s negative emotions than European Americans and more nonsupportive responses to children’s anger. African American mothers of boys also reported more nonsupportive responses to submissive negative emotions than African American mothers of girls. However, no differences were found by ethnicity or child gender in observed teaching about emotions. Group differences in mothers’ responses to negative emotions were explained, in part, by mothers’ beliefs about emotions. Conclusions Differences in beliefs and practices may reflect African American mothers’ efforts to protect their children from discrimination.

Nelson, Jackie A.; Leerkes, Esther M.; O'Brien, Marion; Calkins, Susan D.; Marcovitch, Stuart

2012-01-01

302

Insider and Outsider Status: An African American Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter addresses the dual status of African American faculty in adult education as both a marginalized group and as a group central to the collective identity of adult education in the United States.

Smith, Sherwood

2004-01-01

303

African Americans and Pancreatic Cancer: Things to Know  

MedlinePLUS

AFRICAN AMERICANS AND PANCREATIC CANCER: THINGS TO KNOW By the National Cancer Institute BETHESDA, MD ? When NFL Hall of Famer Gene Upshaw died of pancreatic cancer in 2008, it was the first time that ...

304

Transgenerational Consequences of Racial Discrimination for African American Health  

PubMed Central

Disparities in African American health remain pervasive and persist transgenerationally. There is a growing consensus that both structural and interpersonal racial discrimination are key mechanisms affecting African American health. The Biopsychosocial Model of Racism as a Stressor posits that the persistent stress of experiencing discrimination take a physical toll on the health of African Americans and is ultimately manifested in the onset of illness. However, the degree to which the health consequences of racism and discrimination can be passed down from one generation to the next is an important avenue of exploration. In this review, we discuss and link literature across disciplines demonstrating the harmful impact of racism on African American physical health and the health of their offspring.

Goosby, Bridget J.; Heidbrink, Chelsea

2014-01-01

305

Biomarkers in the Detection of Prostate Cancer in African Americans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The focus of this proposal is to identify molecular markers in high grade prostate cancer (PCa) based on biopsies, especially from African Americans (AAs) who usually select radiation rather than radical prostatectomies. How these differ molecularly from ...

S. M. Gaston W. E. Grizzle

2013-01-01

306

Structural and Social Contexts of HIV Risk Among African Americans  

PubMed Central

HIV continues to be transmitted at unacceptably high rates among African Americans, and most HIV-prevention interventions have focused on behavioral change. To theorize additional approaches to HIV prevention among African Americans, we discuss how sexual networks and drug-injection networks are as important as behavior for HIV transmission. We also describe how higher-order social structures and processes, such as residential racial segregation and racialized policing, may help shape risk networks and behaviors. We then discuss 3 themes in African American culture—survival, propriety, and struggle—that also help shape networks and behaviors. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of how these perspectives might help reduce HIV transmission among African Americans.

Cooper, Hannah L. F.; Osborne, Andrew H.

2009-01-01

307

Urban Latino African American Cancer (ULAAC) Disparities Project  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Disparities Research Partnership Programs (CDRP) January 18, 2008 Urban Latino African American Cancer (ULAAC) Disparities Project Michael L. Steinberg, MD, FACR, FASTRO Principal Investigator David C. Khan, MD Co-Principal Investigator Nicole C.

308

African American adolescent perceptions of vulnerability and resilience to HIV.  

PubMed

HIV/AIDS is growing at a disproportional rate among African American adolescents. This trend has occurred despite the fact that 89% of schools have educational programs on HIV/AIDS. Barriers to effective HIV prevention may be related to a failure to develop educational programs based on the cultural competencies of vulnerable populations such as adolescents who are at risk for HIV. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore African American adolescent perceptions of vulnerability and resilience to HIV/AIDS within a cultural competency paradigm. A group of 8 adolescents at an African American church participated in a focus group to discuss vulnerability and resilience to HIV. To facilitate discussion, the adolescents developed collages from pictures in African American magazines. Content analysis was used to identify themes. The themes revealed were confidence, safe social activities, innocence, image, music/drug culture, and peer pressure. PMID:18445759

Glenn, Betty L; Wilson, Kathleen P

2008-07-01

309

KSC kicks off African-American History Month  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mack McKinney, chief, program resources management at NASA and chairperson for African-American History Month, presents a plaque to Bhetty Waldron at the kick-off ceremony of African-American History Month on Feb. 3 at the NASA Training Auditorium. The award was given in thanks for Waldron's portrayal of Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune and Zora Neal Hurston during the ceremony. The theme for this year's observation is 'Heritage and Horizons: The African-American Legacy and the Challenges of the 21st Century.' February is designated each year as a time to celebrate the achievements and contributions of African Americans to Kennedy Space Center, NASA and the nation.

2000-01-01

310

Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer: Information for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer: Information for African Americans. This article addresses myths about skin cancer and discusses how everyone can protect their skin. It also introduces an NCI publication for minorities: Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer.

311

Differences in the Tumor Microenvironment between African-American and European-American Breast Cancer Patients  

PubMed Central

Background African-American breast cancer patients experience higher mortality rates than European-American patients despite having a lower incidence of the disease. We tested the hypothesis that intrinsic differences in the tumor biology may contribute to this cancer health disparity. Methods and Results Using laser capture microdissection, we examined genome-wide mRNA expression specific to tumor epithelium and tumor stroma in 18 African-American and 17 European-American patients. Numerous genes were differentially expressed between these two patient groups and a two-gene signature in the tumor epithelium distinguished between them. To identify the biological processes in tumors that are different by race/ethnicity, Gene Ontology and disease association analyses were performed. Several biological processes were identified which may contribute to enhanced disease aggressiveness in African-American patients, including angiogenesis and chemotaxis. African-American tumors also contained a prominent interferon signature. The role of angiogenesis in the tumor biology of African-Americans was further investigated by examining the extent of vascularization and macrophage infiltration in an expanded set of 248 breast tumors. Immunohistochemistry revealed that microvessel density and macrophage infiltration is higher in tumors of African-Americans than in tumors of European-Americans. Lastly, using an in silico approach, we explored the potential of tailored treatment options for African-American patients based on their gene expression profile. This exploratory approach generated lists of therapeutics that may have specific antagonistic activity against tumors of African-American patients, e.g., sirolimus, resveratrol, and chlorpromazine in estrogen receptor-negative tumors. Conclusions The gene expression profiles of breast tumors indicate that differences in tumor biology may exist between African-American and European-American patients beyond the knowledge of current markers. Notably, pathways related to tumor angiogenesis and chemotaxis could be functionally different in these two patient groups.

Martin, Damali N.; Boersma, Brenda J.; Yi, Ming; Reimers, Mark; Howe, Tiffany M.; Yfantis, Harry G.; Tsai, Yien Che; Williams, Erica H.; Lee, Dong H.; Stephens, Robert M.; Weissman, Allan M.; Ambs, Stefan

2009-01-01

312

African Americans’ views on research and the Tuskegee Syphilis study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participation of African Americans in clinical and public health research is essential. However, for a multitude of reasons, participation is low in many research studies. This article reviews the literature that substantiates barriers to participation and the legacy of past abuses of human subjects through research. The article then reports the results of seven focus groups with 60 African

Vicki S. Freimuth; Sandra Crouse Quinn; Stephen B. Thomas; Galen Cole; Eric Zook; Ted Duncan

2001-01-01

313

ASHE: Improvisation & Recycling in African-American Visionary Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exhibition guide provides critical analysis, historical perspective, and brief biographies of 15 self-taught African-American artists whose works were displayed. "Ashe," an African word meaning "the power to make things happen," was used as the theme of the exhibition. The guide verbalizes the exhibit's investigation of the methods of making…

Patterson, Tom

314

Spirit, Space & Survival: African American Women in (White) Academe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents the stories of 11 African American women working in higher education and confronting racist and sexist practices. The chapters have the following titles and authors: (1) "Mixed Blood, New Voices" (Kaylynn Sullivan Two Trees); (2) "Carrying On" (Joyce Scott); (3) "African Philosophy, Theory, and 'Living Thinkers'" (Joy James);…

James, Joy, Ed.; Farmer, Ruth, Ed.

315

African American Women and Eating Disturbances: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 18 studies were reviewed to investigate the relationship between ethnicity and eating disturbances, focusing on the relationship between African American and white women. Although white women had more risk of eating disturbances, the effect size was small. White women had slightly more risk for all eating disturbances combined. African

O'Neill, Shannon K.

2003-01-01

316

Title I: African-American Studies Program. Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a student workbook in African American studies used in the Detroit, Michigan public schools in 1978-79. The workbook contains student exercises in African history, culture, geography, languages, architecture, folktales, food, and artifacts. The continent of Africa is covered in units on Egypt, North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, and…

Wilson, Linda

317

A Comparison of Depressive Symptoms in African Americans and Caucasian Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined group differences in depressive symptomatology among African Americans and whites seeking psychotherapy. African Americans reported less pessimism, dissatisfaction, self-blame, and suicidal ideation and more sense of punishment and weight change, but for reasons unrelated to depression. Self-dislike was a stronger manifestation of…

Ayalon, Liat; Young, Michael A.

2003-01-01

318

Cultural In-Group Advantage: Emotion Recognition in African American and European American Faces and Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored whether there were in-group advantages in emotion recognition of faces and voices by culture or geographic region. Participants were 72 African American students (33 men, 39 women), 102 European American students (30 men, 72 women), 30 African international students (16 men, 14 women), and 30 European international students…

Wickline, Virginia B.; Bailey, Wendy; Nowicki, Stephen

2009-01-01

319

Kill Them Before They Grow. Misdiagnosis of African American Boys in American Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contends that the American public education system has made "black male" synonymous with "disabled" through the creation of the labels "Behavior Disorders" and "Emotional Disorders." These labels, which say that African American boys cannot behave without special treatment, juvenile probation, and, in many cases, drugs, condemns African

Porter, Michael

320

Marital Satisfaction among African Americans and Black Caribbeans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the correlates of marital satisfaction using data from a national probability sample of African Americans (N = 962) and Black Caribbeans (N = 560). Findings reveal differences between African Americans and Black Caribbeans, and men and women within those groups, in the predictors of marital satisfaction. Black Caribbean women…

Bryant, Chalandra M.; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Lincoln, Karen D.; Chatters, Linda M.; Jackson, James S.

2008-01-01

321

Lactose Intolerance in Pregnant African-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To state the prevalence and effects of lactose intolerance in pregnant African-American womenObjective: To determine the prevalence of lactose intolerance in pregnant African-American women, any change in tolerance that may occur and reported symptoms after consuming 240 ml of 1% milk.Design: This longitudinal study compared lactose status: 1) prior to 16 weeks gestation, 2) between the 30th and

D. M. Paige; F. R. Witter; J. A. Perman; Y. Bronner; L. A. Kessler

1997-01-01

322

An Update on Hypertension among African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the US, a disproportionate burden of hypertension and its associated complications—including coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and end-stage renal disease and cardiovascular disease mortality—affect African-Americans (also referred to as US blacks). 2 This excess burden of hypertension among African-Americans has been recognized since early in the 1900s and explains a substantial portion of health disparities in this population.

Keith C Ferdinand; Verna L Welch

2007-01-01

323

Correlates of Casual Sex Among African-American Female Teens  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identified correlates of reporting voluntary sex with casual partner (VS-CP) among African American adolescent females. Sexually active African-American female teens (N = 522) were recruited from neighborhoods characterized by high rates of unemployment, substance abuse, violence and STDs. Of the 609 eligible adolescents, 522 (85.7%) agreed to participate in the study. VS-CP was reported by 15.9% of adolescents.

Richard A. Crosby; Ralph J. Diclemente; Gina M. Wingood; Catlainn Sionean; Brenda K. Cobb; Kathy F. Harrington; Susan L. Davies; Edward W. Hook III; M. Kim Oh

2002-01-01

324

African Americans in clinical trials. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

This paper reviews strategies that could help improve African-American recruitment to clinical trials. The author provides recommendations on how to involve sponsors, recruitment teams, clinical research organizations, patient research organizations’ vendors, project managers, and local site investigators in this effort. Lack of interest and trust in research can be addressed through patient and community education. African Americans should be encouraged to opt into a database or referral list for clinical trials.

325

Parental competence among African American adolescent mothers and grandmothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the influence of grandmothers on parental competence among urban African American adolescent mothers, using a model adapted from Belsky's (1984) Determinants of Parenting Process Model. The sample included 53 pairs of urban African American mothers (age 16.4 [plusmn] 1.2 years) and their mothers (age 39.2 [plusmn] 4.3 years). All adolescents were enrolled in school, co-resided with mothers,

Lois S. Sadler; Stephen A. Anderson; Ronald M. Sabatelli

2001-01-01

326

African-American Urban Clergy's Literacy of Alzheimer's Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this descriptive study was to determine urban African-American clergy's awareness of Alzheimer's disease and willingness to provide support to elders and their family\\/caregivers. Interviews were conducted with nine African-American clergy who presided over churches in central Kentucky. Collectively, all clergy had previous experience providing pastoral care to adults with Alzheimer's disease and were literate regarding its treatment.

Kim L. Stansbury; Debra A. Harley; Travonia Brown-Hughes

2010-01-01

327

3 CFR 8832 - Proclamation 8832 of June 1, 2012. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...8832 of June 1, 2012. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012 8832 Proclamation...2012 Proc. 8832 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012By the President...long-cherished piece of American culture, music offers a vibrant soundtrack to...

2013-01-01

328

African American leadership groups: smoking with the enemy  

PubMed Central

Background: Among all racial and ethnic groups in the USA, African Americans bear the greatest burden from tobacco related disease. The tobacco industry has been highly influential in the African American community for decades, providing funding and other resources to community leaders and emphasising publicly its support for civil rights causes and groups, while ignoring the negative health effects of its products on those it claims to support. However, the industry's private business reasons for providing such support were unknown. Objective: To understand how and for what purposes the tobacco industry sought to establish and maintain relationships with African American leaders. Methods: Review and analysis of over 700 previously secret internal tobacco industry documents available on the internet. Results: The tobacco industry established relationships with virtually every African American leadership organisation and built longstanding social connections with the community, for three specific business reasons: to increase African American tobacco use, to use African Americans as a frontline force to defend industry policy positions, and to defuse tobacco control efforts. Conclusion: As the tobacco industry expands its global reach, public health advocates should anticipate similar industry efforts to exploit the vulnerabilities of marginalised groups. The apparent generosity, inclusion, and friendship proffered by the industry extract a price from groups in the health of their members. Helping groups anticipate such efforts, confront industry co-optation, and understand the hidden costs of accepting tobacco industry largesse should be part of worldwide tobacco control efforts.

Yerger, V; Malone, R

2002-01-01

329

African Americans in bereavement: grief as a function of ethnicity.  

PubMed

Few empirical studies have explored the grieving process among different ethnic groups within the United States, and very little is known about how African Americans and Caucasians may differ in their experience of loss. The purpose of this study was to examine the African-American experience of grief, with particular emphasis on issues of identity change, interpersonal dimensions of the loss, and continuing attachments with the deceased. Participants were 1,581 bereaved college students (940 Caucasians and 641 African Americans) attending classes at a large southern university. Each participant completed the Inventory of Complicated Grief-Revised, the Continuing Bonds Scale, and questions regarding the circumstances surrounding his or her loss. Results revealed that African Americans experienced more frequent bereavement by homicide, maintenance of a stronger continuing bond with the deceased, greater grief for the loss of extended kin beyond the immediate family, and a sense of support in their grief, despite their tendency to talk less with others about the loss or seek professional support for it. Overall, African Americans reported higher levels of complicated grief symptoms than Caucasians, especially when they spent less time speaking to others about their loss experience. Implications of these findings for bereavement support services for African Americans were briefly noted. PMID:18680889

Laurie, Anna; Neimeyer, Robert A

2008-01-01

330

Urban African-American middle school science students: Does standards-based teaching make a difference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current reform movement in science education promotes standards-based teaching, including the use of inquiry, problem solving, and open-ended questioning, to improve student achievement. This study examines the influence of standards-based teaching practices on the achievement of urban, African-American, middle school science students. Science classes of teachers who had participated in the professional development (n = 8) of Ohio's statewide

Jane Butler Kahle; Judith Meece; Kathryn Scantlebury

2000-01-01

331

Bessie Coleman, First African American Pilot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Born on January 26, 1892 in Atlanta, Texas to a family of sharecroppers, Bessie Coleman grew up in poverty. Her father abandoned the family when she was nine, and her elder brothers soon left as well, leaving her mother with the four youngest of her thirteen children. While taking care of her younger sisters, Bessie completed all eight available years of primary education, excelling in math. She enrolled at the Colored Agricultural and Normal University in Langston, Oklahoma in 1910, but lack of funds forced her to leave after only one term. Five years later, she left the South and moved to Chicago to join two of her brothers, Walter and John, where she worked as a beautician for several years. An avid reader, she learned about World War I pilots in the newspaper and became intrigued by the prospect of flying. As a black woman, she had no chance of acceptance at any American pilot school, so she moved to France in 1919 and enrolled at the Ecole d'Aviation des Freres Caudon at Le Crotoy. After returning briefly to the United States, she spent one more term in France practicing more advanced flying before finally settling back in her birth country. She did exhibition flying and gave lectures across the country from 1922 to 1926. While flying, she refused to perform unless the audiences were desegregated. She was test flying a new plane on April 30, 1926 when it malfunctioned, killing both her and the mechanic who was piloting it. Her career as the world's first African American pilot inspired many who followed.

1921-01-01

332

Illness beliefs in african americans with hypertension.  

PubMed

Guided by Leventhal's common sense model of illness representations, this study examined the relationship between hypertension beliefs and self-care behaviors necessary for blood pressure (BP) control in a sample of 111 community-dwelling African Americans with hypertension. Participants completed the revised Illness Perception Questionnaire, BP Self-Care Scale, and a demographic data sheet, and had BP measured. Analyses revealed that beliefs about the causes of hypertension differed by gender and educational level. Stress-related causal attributions accounted for 34.7% of the variance in hypertension beliefs. Participants who believed stress or external factors caused hypertension were less likely to engage in healthy self-care behaviors (e.g., keeping doctor visits, eating low-salt, low-fat diets). Results suggest that patients who are nonadherent with hypertension self-care recommendations may hold hypertension beliefs that are not consistent with the medically endorsed views of this disease. To more effectively treat and control BP, providers should assess patients' hypertension beliefs. PMID:23765710

Pickett, Stephanie; Allen, Wilfred; Franklin, Mary; Peters, Rosalind M

2014-02-01

333

Disadvantages in mental health care among African Americans.  

PubMed

African Americans experience mental health disadvantages relative to European Americans with respect to financial barriers, barriers to help seeking, and poorer quality services. This paper provides an overview of these mental health inequalities, and offers recommendations for addressing them. PMID:19711490

Holden, Kisha Braithwaite; Xanthos, Clare

2009-05-01

334

Hispanic versus African American Girls: Body Image, Nutrition, and Puberty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public health research has been dominated by the biomedical model, which does not appear to be appropriate for studying public health variables across different populations. For example, when comparing the Hispanic American (HA) and African American (AA) population in the U.S., there are similarities on several demographic and public health…

Talpade, Medha

2008-01-01

335

Cost-Effectiveness of Screening for Microalbuminuria among African Americans  

PubMed Central

Compared with other racial groups, African Americans have a similar prevalence of CKD but are much more likely to progress to ESRD, suggesting that the cost-effectiveness of screening strategies requires dedicated study in this population. Here, we calibrated the CKD Health Policy Model so that it accurately forecasts the higher rates for ESRD observed for African Americans. We then used the calibrated model to estimate the cost-effectiveness of screening for microalbuminuria followed by treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II-receptor blockers. Incorporating racial differences in risk factors did not fully explain the much higher lifetime incidence of ESRD among African Americans. Thus, to calibrate the model, we applied a 20% increase in the rate of GFR decline at stage 3 and a 60% increase in the rate of GFR decline at stage 4, which resulted in a model that closely reflects lifetime ESRD incidence among African Americans. Compared with usual care, screening African Americans for microalbuminuria at 10-, 5-, 2-, and 1-year intervals had incremental cost-effectiveness ratios of $9000, $11,000, $19,000, and $35,000 per quality-adjusted life year, respectively. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios for the same screening intervals were higher for non-African Americans: $17,000, $23,000, $44,000, and $81,000 per quality-adjusted life year, respectively. In summary, these models suggest that screening African Americans for microalbuminuria at either 5- or 10-year intervals is highly cost-effective.

Wittenborn, John S.; Zhuo, Xiaohui; Pavkov, Meda E.; Burrows, Nilka R.; Eggers, Paul; Jordan, Regina; Saydah, Sharon; Williams, Desmond E.

2012-01-01

336

Asian-American Teachers: Issues of Curriculum and Support.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asian Americans have long been underrepresented in the U.S. teaching force. While the number of Asian American students entering U.S. schools is booming, the already-small proportion of Asian American teachers is shrinking. This study used a survey to examine the problems Asian Americans face as minority teachers in one midwestern state, the…

Ramanathan, Hema

337

Role of Student Engagement in the Resilience of African American Adolescents from Low-Income Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study sought to determine whether behavioral and psychological engagement in middle school served a protective or promotive role, thereby contributing to the resilience of African American youth from low-income rural communities. Teacher reports of adjustment (i.e., aggression, academic competence, popularity) in the sixth grade were gathered.…

Irvin, Matthew J.

2012-01-01

338

Pubertal Timing and Its Link to Behavioral and Emotional Problems among "At-Risk" African American Adolescent Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an "at-risk" sample of African American girls, the present study examined the link between girls' retrospective reports of pubertal timing, girls' perceived relative pubertal timing, and their behavioral and emotional problems as rated by the girls themselves (N = 102; 11-17 years), as well as teachers and parents. Structural equation…

Carter, Rona; Jaccard, James; Silverman, Wendy K.; Pina, Armando A.

2009-01-01

339

Educating Out and Giving Back: Adults' Conceptions of Successful Outcomes of African American High School Students from Impoverished Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined community adults' conceptions of successful early adult outcomes for rural African American adolescents from 2 low-resource communities in the Deep South. Focus groups were conducted with parents, teachers, and community leaders. Parents also completed semistructured phone interviews. The focus groups identified 2 general types…

Farmer, Thomas W.; Dadisman, Kimberly; Latendresse, Shawn J.; Thompson, Jana; Irvin, Matthew J.; Zhang, Lei

2006-01-01

340

Variations in Bicultural Identification among African American and Mexican American Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed 46 middle- and working-class Mexican American students and 52 middle-class African American students from ethnically diverse high schools in southern California as to American identity, other-group attitudes, self-concept, anxiety, and demographic characteristics. Found varied types of identification manifested by ethnic minority…

Phinney, Jean S.; Devitch-Navarro, Mona

1997-01-01

341

Religion, Idealism, and African American Autobiography in the Northern Plains: Era Bell Thompson's "American Daughter"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Era Bell Thompson's "American Daughter", published in 1946 by the University of Chicago Press, is an autobiographical account of an African American woman who comes of age on the plains of North Dakota in the early twentieth century. It deserves to read and included in Great Plains studies because it recounts one of the rarest of American

Cole, Kevin; Weins, Leah

2003-01-01

342

Selecting renal replacement therapies: what do African American and non-African American patients and their families think others should know? A mixed methods study  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known regarding the types of information African American and non-African American patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and their families need to inform renal replacement therapy (RRT) decisions. Methods In 20 structured group interviews, we elicited views of African American and non-African American patients with CKD and their families about factors that should be addressed in educational materials informing patients’ RRT selection decisions. We asked participants to select factors from a list and obtained their open-ended feedback. Results Ten groups of patients (5 African American, 5 non-African American; total 68 individuals) and ten groups of family members (5 African American, 5 non-African American; total 62 individuals) participated. Patients and families had a range (none to extensive) of experiences with various RRTs. Patients identified morbidity or mortality, autonomy, treatment delivery, and symptoms as important factors to address. Family members identified similar factors but also cited the effects of RRT decisions on patients’ psychological well-being and finances. Views of African American and non-African American participants were largely similar. Conclusions Educational resources addressing the influence of RRT selection on patients’ morbidity and mortality, autonomy, treatment delivery, and symptoms could help patients and their families select RRT options closely aligned with their values. Including information about the influence of RRT selection on patients’ personal relationships and finances could enhance resources’ cultural relevance for African Americans.

2013-01-01

343

Health-related Quality of Life of African American Breast Cancer Survivors Compared to Healthy African American Women  

PubMed Central

Background The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer can result in an array of late cancer-specific side effects and changes in general well-being. Research has focused on Caucasian samples, limiting our understanding of the unique health-related quality of life outcomes of African American breast cancer survivors (BCS). Even when African American BCS have been targeted, research is limited by small samples and failure to include comparisons of peers without a history of breast cancer. Objective The purpose of this study was to compare health-related quality of life of African American women BCS to African American women with no history of breast cancer (control group). Methods A total of 140 women (62 BCS and 78 control), ages 18 years or older and 2–10 years post-diagnosis, was recruited from a breast cancer clinic and cancer support groups. Participants provided informed consent and completed a one-time survey based on Brenner’s (1995) proximal-distal health-related quality of life model. Results After adjusting for age, education, income, and body mass index, African American BCS experienced more fatigue (p=0.001), worse hot flashes (p<0.001) and worse sleep quality (p<0.001), but more social support from their partner (p=0.028) and more positive change (p=0.001) compared to African American women controls. Conclusions Our results suggest that African American women BCS may experience unique health-related outcomes that transcend age, education, socio-economic status and body mass index. Implications for Practice Findings suggest the importance of understanding the survivorship experience for particular racial and ethnic subgroups to proactively assess difficulties and plan interventions.

Von Ah, Diane M.; Russell, Kathleen M.; Carpenter, Janet; Monahan, Patrick O.; Zhao, Qianqian; Tallman, Eileen; Ziner, Kim Wagler; Storniolo, Anna Maria; Miller, Kathy D.; Giesler, R. Brian; Haase, Joan; Otte, Julie; Champion, Victoria L.

2011-01-01

344

A Pilot Program in Collaboration with African American Churches Successfully Increases Awareness of the Importance of Cancer Research and Participation in Cancer Translational Research Studies among African Americans  

PubMed Central

African Americans are underrepresented in cancer research. We evaluate whether collaboration with African American churches can improve cancer awareness and increase participation in translational research protocols among African Americans. From February to April 2010, the Mayo Clinic partnered with African American Jacksonville churches to provide educational programs focused on cancer research and healthy behaviors. Education on multiple myeloma and on-site access to a translational cancer research pilot project evaluating the prevalence of monoclonal gammopathies and t(14,18) in African Americans was offered. Seventy-four percent, 236 out of 318 participants, returned the questionnaires. The majority of participants had never received information on multiple myeloma (67%), had never received clinical research study information (57%), and were enrolled in the translational research studies (55%). Partnerships with African American churches in community education projects that bring research to church venues are effective in improving cancer awareness and in increasing research participation among African Americans.

Albertie, Monica; Lesperance, Mary; Weis, Jennifer A.; Coles, Alton; Smith, Nina; Mills, Lynette; Woodward, Timothy; Aspitia, Alvaro Moreno; Vishnu, Prakash; Willis, Floyd; Isley, Amber; Fonseca, Rafael; Vachon, Celine; Rajkumar, S. Vincent

2013-01-01

345

Rasch analysis of the Outcome Questionnaire with African Americans.  

PubMed

Effectively diagnosing African Americans' mental health with a single intake checklist has posed an unresolved challenge, as most intake checklists were developed from White perspectives. In this study, Rasch analysis was used to assess the psychometric characteristics of a common measure of clinical distress, the Outcome Questionnaire (OQ; Lambert, Lunnen, Umphress, Hansen, & Burlingame, 1994), for a sample of African American students split into a calibration and validation subsample. OQ subscales were first identified and were then held up under cross-validation with a second subsample. Rasch analysis of the OQ clearly indicated the measure was multidimensional among African American students with 2 subscales titled Well-Being and Psychological Distress. Our results also indicated appropriate response scale use, adequate person separation, strong stability across subsamples, and little differential item functioning. Moreover, our analysis showed items of the 2 subscales to be well-targeted for African American students. However, if subscales were to be revised for African American students, some items at the same logit position might be deleted and replaced with either very easy or more difficult items or with items at intermediate positions to extend and to fill in gaps in construct coverage. Implications for theory and research on multicultural mental health scales were discussed. PMID:23544393

Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien; Green, Kathy E

2013-06-01

346

Recruitment of Rural African Americans for Research Projects: Lessons Learned  

PubMed Central

Recruiting rural African Americans for research presents special problems because of cultural differences, the view of researchers as cultural “outsiders”, and transportation problems. This paper reports successful strategies in recruiting rural African American adults with type 2 diabetes for research studies. The researchers tested recruitment strategies commonly used in research, such as flyers, advertisements in local newspapers and radio stations. The researchers also encouraged referrals from medical professionals. When recruitment goals were not met, the researchers modified strategies. Twenty-two rural African American participants were recruited and randomly assigned to culturally-tailored Group or Individual Diabetes Self Management Education (DSME). The latter included storytelling and an interactive learning approach. The key recruitment strategies involved spending time in the community, visits to churches, and flyers to key leaders in the Black community. Enrolling rural African Americans required cultural competence, careful planning, and time in the community. Recruiting for clinical research is challenging and more difficult when targeting minority members in rural settings. Research in diabetes care is needed with rural African Americans because of high rates of diabetes, and limited health care access for this population. Effective recruitment and retention strategies are needed to test interventions to reduce health disparities.

Williams, Ishan C.; Utz, Sharon W.; Jones, Randy; Hinton, Ivora; Steeves, Richard; Alexander, Gina

2013-01-01

347

Perceptions of Support Among Older African American Cancer Survivors  

PubMed Central

Purpose/Objectives To explore the perceived social support needs among older adult African American cancer survivors. Research Approach Qualitative design using grounded theory techniques. Setting Outpatient oncology clinics in the southeastern United States. Participants Focus groups with 22 older adult African American cancer survivors. Methodologic Approach Purposeful sampling technique was used to identify focus group participants. In-depth interviews were conducted and participants were interviewed until informational redundancy was achieved. Main Research Variables Social support needs of older adult African American patients with cancer. Findings Social support was influenced by (a) symptoms and treatment side effects, (b) perceptions of stigma and fears expressed by family and friends, (c) cultural beliefs about cancer, and (d) desires to lessen any burden or disruption to the lives of family and friends. Survivors navigated within and outside of their networks to get their social support needs met. In some instances, survivors socially withdrew from traditional sources of support for fear of being ostracized. Survivors also described feeling hurt, alone, and socially isolated when completely abandoned by friends. Conclusions The support from family, friends, and fellow church members is important to positive outcomes among older African American cancer survivors. However, misconceptions, fears, and negative cultural beliefs persist within the African American community and negatively influence the social support available to this population. Interpretations Early identification of the factors that influence social support can facilitate strategies to improve outcomes and decrease health disparities among this population.

Hamilton, Jill B.; Moore, Charles E.; Powe, Barbara D.; Agarwal, Mansi; Martin, Pamela

2010-01-01

348

Postexercise insulin action in African-American women.  

PubMed Central

African Americans are more insulin resistant than Caucasians. A single bout of moderate-intensity exercise reduces insulin resistance in sedentary Caucasian individuals. The impact of a single bout of exercise on insulin resistance has never been studied in African Americans. The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the impact of a single bout of exercise on insulin resistance in African-American women. DESIGN: Insulin resistance was assessed in 10 sedentary, over-weight or obese African-American women during a sedentary and exercise condition over a two-day period. During the sedentary condition, participants fasted overnight and sat quietly in the laboratory for 75 minutes. During the exercise condition, participants completed 75 minutes of brisk walking on a treadmill. Ninety minutes following each condition, participants completed an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Three-and-a-half hours later, subjects consumed a standardized meal [meal tolerance test (MTT)]. RESULTS: The insulin response to the OGTT was 18% lower (p=0.046), and insulin sensitivity was 18% higher (p=0.042) in the exercise condition compared to the sedentary condition. There were no differences between conditions following the MTT. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that overweight/obese, sedentary, insulin resistant African-American women had a significant improvement in insulin sensitivity from 75 minutes of brisk walking.

Hasson, Rebecca E.; Freedson, Patty S.; Braun, Barry

2006-01-01

349

Developmental Origins of Perfectionism Among African American Youth  

PubMed Central

The present study used a person-centered latent variable approach to classify types of perfectionism among 6th-grade African American children living in an urban setting. In particular, the authors were interested in determining whether an adaptive subtype could be found and validated against external criteria. The authors also attempted to identify any developmental precursors that could reliably differentiate the perfectionist subtypes. A social learning and competence framework was used to select potential 1st-grade risk and protective factors for future perfectionism profiles. Four classes best described the children’s perfectionism scores in 6th grade. Three of these classes resembled the profiles most commonly seen in prior perfectionism research (Non-Critical/Adaptive, Critical/Maladaptive, and Non-Perfectionist). The fourth class, Non-Striving, was characterized by extremely low levels of reported personal standards. Sixth-grade correlates confirmed the distinctiveness of these classes. In particular, the Critical/Maladaptive and Non-Striving classes had higher rates of internalizing symptoms and disorders. Additionally, several 1st-grade predictors suggested unique developmental origins of these classes. The Critical/Maladaptive class was characterized by lower academic skills and elevated teacher-rated attention problems, hyperactivity, shyness, and peer rejection. The Non-Striving class had higher rates of family alcohol problems and lower levels of parent praise. Implications regarding the universal and culture-specific origins and effects of perfectionism are discussed.

Herman, Keith C.; Trotter, Reid; Reinke, Wendy M.; Ialongo, Nicholas

2013-01-01

350

Psychosocial correlates of substance use behaviors among African American youth.  

PubMed

Cross-sectional data were collected on substance use behaviors and potential correlates in 1,494 African American students enrolled in grades 5-12 in eight schools in a central Alabama school district. Using a risk and asset framework, self-reported recent alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use were analyzed by identifying and measuring levels of influence, including individual, family, and school. For alcohol and marijuana use, recurrent risk factors were age, being hit by a parent, affiliation with gangs, and a tolerant attitude of peers toward drug use. For cigarette use, risk factors were peer-oriented: associations with gangs or cohorts holding lenient attitudes about substance use. For all substances, salient asset factors were academic achievement and parental monitoring. Findings suggest that efforts to reduce substance use behaviors should be directed at adolescents in terms of academic achievement and grade level as well as their social environments. For the latter, peer/family risks and family/school assets should be the foci for programs to minimize the short- and long-term consequences of these behaviors. Hence, the emphasis should be placed on modeling attitudes, preventing gang and family violence, encouraging parental supervision, and building positive teacher-student interactions. PMID:15727405

Wright, Darlene R; Fitzpatrick, Kevin M

2004-01-01

351

Homocysteine levels and dementia risk in Yoruba and African Americans  

PubMed Central

Background High levels of homocysteine have been associated with increased risk for dementia although results have been inconsistent. There are no reported studies from the developing world including Africa. Methods In this longitudinal study of two community-dwelling cohorts of elderly Yoruba and African Americans, levels of homocysteine, vitamin B12 and folate were measured from blood samples taken in 2001. These levels were compared in two groups, participants who developed incident dementia in the follow-up until 2009 (59 Yoruba and 101 African Americans) and participants who were diagnosed as cognitively normal or in the good performance category at their last follow-up (760 Yoruba and 811 African Americans). Homocysteine levels were divided into quartiles for each site. Results After adjusting for age, education, possession of ApoE, smoking, and time of enrollment the higher quartiles of homocysteine were associated with a non-significant increase in dementia risk in the Yoruba (homocysteine quartile 4 vs. 1 OR: 2.19, 95% CI 0.95-5.07, p = 0.066). For the African Americans, there was a similar but non-significant relationship between higher homocysteine levels and dementia risk. There were no significant relationships between levels of vitamin B12 and folate and incident dementia in either site although folate levels were lower and vitamin B12 levers were higher in the Yoruba than in the African Americans. Conclusions Increased homocysteine levels were associated with a similar but non-significant increase in dementia risk for both Yoruba and African Americans despite significant differences in folate levels between the two sites.

Hendrie, Hugh C.; Baiyewu, Olusegun; Lane, Kathleen A.; Purnell, Christianna; Gao, Sujuan; Hake, Ann; Ogunniyi, Adesola; Gureje, Oye; Unverzagt, Frederick W.; Murrell, Jill; Deeg, Mark A.; Hall, Kathleen

2014-01-01

352

Effects of Ethnically Diverse Photographic Stimuli on Preference and Discourse Tasks in African American and Caucasian American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determined whether using photographic stimuli displaying different ethnicity (African American vs. Caucasian American) influenced preference, word count, and number of content units produced by African American or Caucasian American participants. Six photograph pairs depicting common scenes were developed, differing only by model…

Ramkissoon, Ishara; Dagenais, Paul A.; Evans, Kelli J.; Camp, Travis J.; Ferguson, Neina N.

2013-01-01

353

The Effects of Age at Kindergarten Entry on the Reading Proficiency of African American and European American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

European American students are more likely delayed entrance in kindergarten than African American students. This study examined whether age at kindergarten entry influences the reading proficiency skills of African American and European American students at the start of kindergarten, at the end of first grade, and at the end of third grade. Using…

Easton-Brooks, Donald; Brown, Amber

2010-01-01

354

Mentoring Relationships among African American Women in Graduate and Professional Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of mentoring relationships among African American women in postbaccalaureate degree programs is emphasized and coupled with a discussion of the current shortage of same-race, same-sex mentors for African American female graduate and professional students.

Patton, Lori D.; Harper, Shaun R.

2003-01-01

355

Genome-Wide Association Study in African-Americans with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) is a potentially deadly systemic autoimmune disease that disproportionately afflicts women and African- Americans. This project is designed to discover genes that increase the risk of lupus in African- American. Our go...

J. Harley

2012-01-01

356

Knowledge and Attitudes About Colon Cancer Screening Among African Americans  

PubMed Central

Objectives To explore knowledge and attitudes about colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among African American patients age 45 and older at a community health center serving low-income and uninsured patients. Methods We conducted 7 focus groups and 17 additional semistructured interviews. Sessions were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using standard text analysis. Results Most participants who were age eligible for CRC screening were nonadherent according to national guidelines. Themes included low CRC knowledge, low perceived norms, high barriers, and other screening beliefs. Conclusion Lack of knowledge, low perceived risk, and attitudes about CRC screening may be important targets for interventions in low-income African American patients.

James, Aimee S.; Daley, Christine M.; Greiner, K. Allen

2013-01-01

357

Teaching with Historic Places: Iron Hill School: An African American One-Room School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, part of the National Park Service's Teaching with Historic Places Website (see the June 4, 1999 Scout Report), structures a lesson plan on Progressive Era education around the history of a one-room African-American school house at Iron Hill in rural northern Delaware. In addition to interviews with former pupils of the school, the Website offers readings, images, and activities concerning the issues of African American education, Progressive Era philanthropy, and the processes of "creating history" through documentary research and the taking of oral histories. Teachers are provided with thorough instructions on the use of the site in a classroom setting. The lesson was written by Susan Brizzolara Wojcik, Historic Preservation Planner for the New Castle County Department of Land Use.

358

Are Cultural Values Predictors of Moral Reasoning in African American Adolescents?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the effect of cultural orientation on African American adolescent moral reasoning. Because African communal values are cornerstones of African American communities and related concepts such as perspective-taking and social relationships influence morality, African cultural values were expected to positively predict moral reasoning in the youth. Individualistic values were expected to negatively predict moral reasoning. Fifty 13- and

Lakeesha N. Woods; Robert J. Jagers

2003-01-01

359

Strategies to prevent HIV transmission among heterosexual African-American men  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: As part of qualitative research for developing a culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate videotape-based HIV prevention intervention for heterosexual African- American men, six focus groups were conducted with thirty African-American men to determine their perceptions of AIDS as a threat to the African-American community, characteristics of past situations that have placed African Americans at risk for HIV infection, their

Ekere J Essien; Angela F Meshack; Ronald J Peters; Gbadebo O Ogungbade; Nora I Osemene

2005-01-01

360

A Comparison of European and African-Based Psychologies and Their Implications for African American College Student Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the appropriateness of applying college student developmental theories that are based on European/European American psychology to the development of African American college students. Suggests that theories for the development of African American college students should be Afrocentric in nature. (SM)

Johnson, Vanessa D.

2003-01-01

361

NEEMA: a school-based diabetes risk prevention program designed for African-American children.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To conduct formative assessment and preliminary biological impact of a school-based diabetes risk prevention program for African-American children during a 14-week study. METHODS: NEEMA is a school-based diabetes prevention program tailored for African-American children. The NEEMA is implemented via four social networks-classroom (Health and Physical Education Class), after school (Health Club), home (Family Fun Fair) and school cafeteria (Food Service Program). Formative assessment data were collected through semistructured interviews with physical education (PE) teachers and a pre-to-post design was used to measure biological impact. Fasting capillary glucose, height, weight, body mass index, percent body fat and fitness data were collected from a sample of 58 fourth-grade students. The six elementary schools had > 40% African-American enrollment and were located in low-income neighborhoods. RESULTS: Face-to-face interview data revealed diabetes, obesity and food insufficiency as major health concerns among PE teachers. Teachers also cited large classes and short PE periods as major challenges for implementing the program. From baseline to follow-up, fitness laps increased from 16.40 (SD = 9.98) to 23.72 (SD = 14.79) (p < 0.000), fasting capillary glucose decreased from 89.17 mg/dl (SD = 10.05) to 83.50 mg/dl (SD = 11.26) (p < 0.000), and percent body fat decreased from 27.26 (SD=12.89) to 26.68 (SD = 11.67) (p < 0.537). CONCLUSION: The NEEMA pilot study provided teacher feedback useful for revising the NEEMA health curricula and positive preliminary impact of the NEEMA PE class on children's fitness and blood glucose levels.

Shaw-Perry, Mary; Horner, Charlotte; Trevino, Roberto P.; Sosa, Erica T.; Hernandez, Irene; Bhardwaj, Abhishek

2007-01-01

362

Persistent poverty among Africans Americans in the United States: the impact of public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the persistent poverty that exists among African Americans in the United States. It explains why African Americans in the United States are much more likely to live and\\/or remain in poverty than any other population group. This study is based on the premise that the governmental system has affected African Americans through the use of public policies.

Daphne M Cooper

2011-01-01

363

What's So "Powerful" about African American Children's Literature?: Let's Ask the Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines what educators and academics describe as the "power" of children's literature and multicultural children's literature, which includes African American children's literature. Explores what four African American third-graders have to say about the "power" of six African American children's books. Concludes with the patterns and implications…

Hefflin, Bena R.

2003-01-01

364

Emotional and Behavioral Functioning of Offspring of African American Mothers with Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive research demonstrates the negative impact of maternal depression on their offspring. Unfortunately, few studies have been explored in African American families. This study examined emotional and behavioral functioning among children of African American mothers with depression. African American mothers (n = 63), with a past year diagnosis…

Boyd, Rhonda C.; Diamond, Guy S.; Ten Have, Thomas R.

2011-01-01

365

The Assessment of Rural African-American Churches' Capacity to Promote Health Prevention Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout history, the African-American church has played a vital role in social, political and educational arenas. Often viewed as the cornerstone of the African-American community, the African-American church is an excellent medium to promote health prevention and promotion interventions. This article identifies several elements for the…

Torrence, William A.; Phillips, Danielle S.; Guidry, Jeffrey J.

2005-01-01

366

Strategies to prevent HIV transmission among heterosexual African-American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: African-American women are disproportionately affected by HIV, accounting for 60% of all cases among women in the United States. Although their race is not a precursor for HIV, the socioeconomic and cultural disparities associated with being African American may increase their risk of infection. Prior research has shown that interventions designed to reduce HIV infection among African-American women must

E James Essien; Angela F Meshack; Ronald J Peters; GO Ogungbade; Nora I Osemene

2005-01-01

367

Nuances of Error: Considerations Relevant to African American Vernacular English and Learning to Read  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the presence of African American Vernacular English patterns in the reading of one child over a 20-week period. In this paper, I present insights from linguists about African American Vernacular English, list linguistic patterns characteristic of African American Vernacular English speakers, examine the relationship between the…

Compton-Lilly, Catherine

2005-01-01

368

African Americans Majoring in Science at Predominantly White Universities (A Review of the Literature)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most significant problems facing science education is the under-representation of African Americans in science related fields (Young, 2005). African American constitute a little more than 12% of the United States population. However, as recently as 1999 African Americans only comprised only 3.4% of persons working in science and…

Green, Andre; Glasson, George

2009-01-01

369

Comparison of Role Perceptions of White and African American Foster Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of U.S. children entering foster care is increasing faster than the number of available foster parents. Of particular concern are the growing number of African American children in foster care and the lack of African American foster parents to care for them. This study compares role perceptions of African American and white foster…

Nasuti, John P.; York, Reginald; Sandell, Karen

2004-01-01

370

Identifying Barriers to Colonoscopy Screening for Nonadherent African American Participants in a Patient Navigation Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans have a higher rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality than other racial/ethnic groups. This disparity is alarming given that CRC is largely preventable through the use of endoscopy (screening colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy), yet rates of CRC screening among African Americans is suboptimal. Only 48.9% of African Americans are…

Sly, Jamilia R.; Edwards, Tiffany; Shelton, Rachel C.; Jandorf, Lina

2013-01-01

371

African American Young Adult Smoking Initiation: Identifying Intervention Points and Prevention Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans have one of the lowest smoking rates as teens yet have one of the highest smoking rates as adults. Approximately 40% of African Americans who have ever smoked started smoking between the ages of 18 and 21. Purpose: This study aimed to identify why African American young adults began smoking in young adulthood and what…

Cheney, Marshall K.; Mansker, Jacqueline

2014-01-01

372

Still Segregated, Still Unequal: Analyzing the Impact of No Child Left Behind on African American Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This article examines the impact of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) on educational experiences and opportunities for African American children. Despite NCLB, public schools have continued to fail African Americans through separate and unequal educational opportunities partially because the focus on educating African American children well has not been legislated or mandated. In focusing on measuring the outcomes of

Christopher Knaus

373

Prison Ministry with Chemically Dependent African American Women Exposed to Trauma: An Interview  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American churches throughout the United States have formed drug ministries to address the increased incarceration rates of African Americans with substance use disorders. This interview is with Reverend Dee Dee Osobor, Director of Prison Ministries of Apostolic Faith Church, Chicago, Illinois, where Bishop Horace Smith is pastor. Reverend Osobor's ministry focuses on helping chemically dependent African American women who

Dee Dee Osobor

2012-01-01

374

Discovering African American Parents' Perceptions of Play Therapy: A Phenomenological Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A qualitative investigation illuminating the perceptions of eight African American caregivers of elementary school-age children. In particular, this study explored questions that pertained to African American parents' (a) thoughts about counseling, (b) beliefs about the purpose of play, and (c) perceptions about play as a therapeutic agent in counseling. Analysis of African American caregivers' responses to interview questions revealed information

Kristy A. Brumfield; Teresa M. Christensen

2011-01-01

375

School Programs for African American Males. ERIC CUE Digest No. 72.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New educational programs are attempting to meet the needs of male African American students. The new programs vary widely in approach, scope, content, and targeted age group. However, they all focus on helping African American male youth develop productive behaviors and values by bringing them into contact with African American male adults. The…

Ascher, Carol

376

Perceptions of the food marketing environment among African American teen girls and adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obesity disproportionately affects African American adolescents, particularly girls. While ethnically targeted marketing of unhealthful food products contributes to this disparity, it is not known how African Americans perceive the food marketing environment in their communities. Qualitative methods, specifically photovoice and group discussions, were used to understand perceptions of African American adults and teen girls regarding targeted food marketing to adolescent

Wendy S. Bibeau; Brit I. Saksvig; Joel Gittelsohn; Sonja Williams; Lindsey Jones; Deborah Rohm Young

377

Culture and entrepreneurship? African American and immigrant self-employment in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the evolution of African American entrepreneurship by comparing the patterns of development of African American entrepreneurship and immigrant entrepreneurship. Whereas most literature focuses on African American culture as the reason for limited entrepreneurial success compared to certain immigrant groups, this paper examines how social, economic, and political forces have adversely influenced the development of Black entrepreneurship compared

Vicki Bogan; William Darity Jr.

2008-01-01

378

School Programs for African American Male Students. Trends and Issues No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph describes recently initiated or proposed school- and community-sponsored educational programs for African American male children and youth. The decline in the urban industrial economy, the departure of middle- and working-class African Americans from the inner cities, and the burgeoning African American birthrate have contributed to…

Ascher, Carol

379

Attacking the African American-White Achievement Gap on College Admissions Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The African American-white achievement gap exists even among the youngest children; African American students arrive at kindergarten considerably behind their white peers in measurable cognitive skills. Although the gap has narrowed somewhat over the past several decades, the average African American still scores below 75 percent of white students…

Nettles, Michael T.; Millett, Catherine M.; Ready, Douglas D.

2003-01-01

380

Bidirectional Linkages Between Psychological Symptoms and Sexual Activities Among African American Adolescent Girls in Psychiatric Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examines longitudinal associations between light and heavy sexual experiences and psychiatric symptoms in African American adolescent girls receiving mental health care. Research supports bidirectional associations between adolescent romantic and sexual behaviors and depression and other mental health problems, but this finding has not been examined among African American youth or in clinical samples. African American girls in

Lisa R. Starr; Geri R. Donenberg; Erin Emerson

2012-01-01

381

Unconscious Communication of Internalized Oppression among African American Women: A Small Group Theoretical Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to fill the gap in the field of communication concerning African American women. It postulates that the African American woman's unique experience with both racism and sexism influences specific types of communication when she is called upon to communicate solely with other African American women. It builds upon the…

Dorsey, Laura Kathleen

382

Retaining African Americans in Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms for Retaining Students, Faculty and Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection discusses some of the issues surrounding the retention of African Americans in higher education, and it challenges traditional paradigms for retaining African American students, administrators, and faculty at predominantly White colleges. The chapters of part 1, "Retaining African-American Students," are: (1) "Creating an Affirming…

Jones, Lee, Ed.

383

Positionality of African Americans and a Theoretical Accommodation of It: Rethinking Science Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay addresses a call for research involving African Americans to interpret data from the historical, contemporary, and cultural experiences of African Americans. The essay argues for a science education research approach that explicitly considers the positionality of African Americans in the United States. This positionality involves the…

Parsons, Eileen R. Carlton

2008-01-01

384

Factors That Influence the Academic and Vocational Development of African American and Latino Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project investigated the factors that influence the academic and vocational development of African-American and Hispanic youth. Data were collected via a questionnaire and structured interviews from 36 college juniors and seniors. Twenty-eight were female, of whom 18 were African-American and 10 were Latino. Six Latino and two African-American

Griggs, Mildred Barnes; And Others

385

Mentoring and Professional Identity Development for African American Female Doctoral Students: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the impact mentoring relationships, between African American women doctoral students and faculty members, has on the students' professional identity development. Of particular interest is an examination of whether matched mentoring relationships between African American women doctoral students and African American female…

Curry, Nettavia Doreen

2011-01-01

386

A Case Study of the Development of African American Women Executives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even in an era when the country elected an African American man as President of the United States, there is still a paucity of African American women executives within Fortune 500 companies. Although more African American women have joined the ranks of corporate management over the last two decades, the numbers, when compared to those of White…

Brooks Greaux, Lisa

2010-01-01

387

The Career Experiences of African American Women Faculty: Implications for Counselor Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite three decades of affirmative action efforts, counseling programs continue to struggle with the challenge of recruiting and retaining African American women faculty. African American women in general, and African American female professors in particular, have emerged from what Hudson-Weems (1989) terms as a tripartite form of oppression, of…

Bradley, Carla

2005-01-01

388

African-American Photo Coverage in "Life,""Newsweek," and "Time," 1937-1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the pictorial coverage of African Americans in three major national magazines. Finds that African Americans increased visibility in photographs. Groups the photographs of African Americans into three time periods: (1) stereotyping (1937-52); (2) civil rights (1957-72); and (3) working within the system (1978-88). (RS)

Lester, Paul; Smith, Ron

1990-01-01

389

Social and Cultural Factors Influence African American Men's Medical Help Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the factors that influenced African American men's medical help seeking. Method: Thematic analysis of 14 focus groups with 105 older, urban African American men. Results: African American men described normative expectations that they did not go to the doctor and that they were afraid to go, with little explanation. When they…

Griffith, Derek M.; Allen, Julie Ober; Gunter, Katie

2011-01-01

390

Impact of College Environments on the Spiritual Development of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on the impact of college environments on the spiritual development of African American students. Using the Armstrong Measure of Spirituality (AMOS) survey administered to 125 African American college students, the study sought to ascertain whether or not there were differences in spirituality as reported by African American

Weddle-West, Karen; Hagan, Waldon Joseph; Norwood, Kristie M.

2013-01-01

391

Cultural Orientation as a Protective Factor against Tobacco and Marijuana Smoking for African American Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined cultural orientation as a protective factor against tobacco and marijuana smoking for African American young women (ages 18 to 25). African American college students (N = 145) from a predominantly White university were administered subscales from the African American Acculturation Scale-Revised (AAAS-R); the shortened…

Nasim, Aashir; Corona, Rosalie; Belgrave, Faye; Utsey, Shawn O.; Fallah, Niloofar

2007-01-01

392

Connecting Social Disorganization Theory to African-American Outcomes to Explain the Achievement Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African-American student achievement outcomes have been and continue to be a critical concern for education researchers. Much of the framing of African-American student outcomes centers on what is known as achievement gaps that exist between African-American and White students. Unfortunately, these gaps have remained roughly the same since the…

Madyun, Na'im H.

2011-01-01

393

The All White World of Children's Books & African American Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection explore African American children's literature and the view it provides of the African American community. Of particular interest is the relationship between African American folktales and those of subSaharan Africa. The following essays are included: (1) "The All-White World of Children's Books" (Nancy Larrick); (2)…

Osa, Osayimwense, Ed.

394

Mechanisms Linking Violence Exposure and School Engagement Among African American Adolescents: Examining the Roles of Psychological Problem Behaviors and Gender  

PubMed Central

This study examines whether the relationship between violence exposure and school engagement is mediated by psychological problem behaviors and whether such relationships are gendered. Five hundred and sixty-three high school African American adolescents (ages 13 to 19 years) completed questionnaires which assessed two types of violence exposure (community violence and marital conflict), psychological problem behaviors (e.g., PTSD symptoms, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggressive behaviors), and school engagement (i.e., student-teacher connectedness and grade point average [GPA] obtained from school records). For male adolescents, psychological problem behaviors collectively mediated the relationship between community violence exposure and student-teacher connectedness. For female adolescents, both community violence and marital conflict exposure were negatively related to both GPA and student-teacher connectedness via aggressive behavior. Findings suggest that the differential impact of type of violence exposure and its sequela based on gender should be considered when addressing low school engagement among African American youth.

Voisin, Dexter R.; Neilands, Torsten B.; Hunnicutt, Shannon

2010-01-01

395

Crossing Cultures in Marriage: Implications for Counseling African American\\/African Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wealth of literature exists regarding intermarriage between White and ethnic minority couples. Noticeably lacking, however,\\u000a is information considering within-group diversity amongst Black couples. This paper will focus on cultural dynamics that may\\u000a operate with African American and African couples residing in the United States. Through an examination of within-group differences\\u000a and similarities, counselors can be better prepared to assist

Beth A. Durodoye; Angela D. Coker

2008-01-01

396

Disease Management to Promote Blood Pressure Control Among African Americans  

PubMed Central

Abstract African Americans have a higher prevalence of hypertension and poorer cardiovascular and renal outcomes than white Americans. The objective of this study was to determine whether a telephonic nurse disease management (DM) program designed for African Americans is more effective than a home monitoring program alone to increase blood pressure (BP) control among African Americans enrolled in a national health plan. A prospective randomized controlled study (March 2006—December 2007) was conducted, with 12 months of follow-up on each subject. A total of 5932 health plan members were randomly selected from the population of self-identified African Americans, age 23 and older, in health maintenance organization plans, with hypertension; 954 accepted, 638 completed initial assessment, and 485 completed follow-up assessment. The intervention consisted of telephonic nurse DM (intervention group) including educational materials, lifestyle and diet counseling, and home BP monitor vs. home BP monitor alone (control group). Measurements included proportion with BP?African Americans was effective at decreasing systolic BP and increasing the frequency of self-monitoring of BP to a greater extent than home monitoring alone. Recruitment and program completion rates could be improved for maximal impact. (Population Health Management 2010;13:65–72)

Brennan, Troyen; Villagra, Victor; Ofili, Elizabeth; McMahill-Walraven, Cheryl; Lowy, Elizabeth J.; Daniels, Pamela; Quarshie, Alexander; Mayberry, Robert

2010-01-01

397

This Far by Faith: African-American Spiritual Journeys  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The diverse forms and expressions of African-American faith and spirituality are sometimes underappreciated, a situation that this particular six-part documentary, developed by PBS, hopes to rectify. This Web site, a companion to "This Far by Faith," provides a host of information about these many experiences, beginning with African slaves brought to America and continuing to the present day. Visitors will want to read the introductory essay to each section, along with the timeline that accompanies each historical period of African-American religious and spiritual life. The timelines themselves are fully interactive as visitors can click on certain points to find out additional information about noteworthy events and people, such as Olaudah Equiano, who composed one of the first slave autobiographies in America. Additionally, viewers can write in with their own comments and observations and learn more about this series.

The Faith Project, Inc.

398

Teaching and Learning African American History in a Multiracial Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author explores the challenges of teaching and learning African American history, a history fraught with uncomfortable implications about contemporary race relations and race-based inequalities. Drawing on various theories of anti-oppressive education, and using data from an ethnographic study conducted in one history classroom, the author…

Chikkatur, Anita

2013-01-01

399

78 FR 8347 - National African American History Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...were not theirs to occupy. We trace generations of African Americans, free and slave, who risked everything to realize their God-given rights. We listen to the echoes of speeches and struggle that made our Nation stronger, and we hear again the...

2013-02-06

400

Counseling African American Families. The Family Psychology and Counseling Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major challenge confronting the counseling profession is meeting the needs of African American families. This monograph presents a discussion of the issues involved in the clinical assessment and treatment of these families. It explores their distinct experiences as they navigate through a society often hostile towards them. Chapters include:…

Sanders, Jo-Ann Lipford, Ed.; Bradley, Carla, Ed.

401

African Americans' Continuing Struggle for Quality Education in Milwaukee, Wisconsin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes African Americans' ongoing struggle for quality education in Milwaukee, Wisconsin by utilizing school district data and secondary sources. The historic integration effort in the Milwaukee Public Schools system is outlined and the impact of sustained segregation, in the midst of significant changes to Milwaukee's social and…

Bonds, Michael; Farmer-Hinton, Raquel L.; Epps, Edgar G.

2009-01-01

402

Allostatic Load and Health Status of African Americans and Whites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To compare health risks in 84 healthy African American and 45 white men and women after calculating allostatic load (AL) from biologic, psychosocial, and behavioral measures. Methods: Participants (18-45 years) ranging in weight from normal to obese and without hypertension or diabetes. Fitness, body fat, CRP, mood, social support,…

Deuster, Patricia A.; Kim-Dorner, Su Jong; Remaley, Alan T.; Poth, Merrily

2011-01-01

403

Supportive Relationships with Church Members among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposed and tested a model of informal church support networks among African Americans. Consistent with research in family relations, age and gender were significantly associated with the frequency of interaction with church members. In addition, the degree of subjective closeness and the frequency of interaction were both…

Taylor, Robert Joseph; Lincoln, Karen D.; Chatters, Linda M.

2005-01-01

404

Risk Factors for Adolescent Pregnancy Reports among African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined childhood and adolescent risk factors for males' reports of getting someone pregnant during adolescence. These questions were examined in an urban sample of 335 African American males involved in a prospective, longitudinal study. Childhood aggression significantly predicted reported pregnancies during adolescence. Boys who…

Miller-Johnson, Shari; C. Winn, Donna-Marie; Coie, John D.; Malone, Patrick S.; Lochman, John

2004-01-01

405

Streaming audio from African-American oral history collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the use of OCLC\\/DiMeMa’s CONTENTdm software and a RealSystems Server 8, this article outlines the process of converting two collections of African-American oral histories recorded on cassette tapes to digital streaming files at the Washington State University Libraries.

Trevor James Bond

2004-01-01

406

Knowledge and Attitudes about Colon Cancer Screening among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To explore knowledge and attitudes about colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among African American patients age 45 and older at a community health center serving low-income and uninsured patients. Methods: We conducted 7 focus groups and 17 additional semistructured interviews. Sessions were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed…

James, Aimee S.; Daley, Christine M.; Greiner, K. Allen

2011-01-01

407

Sociocultural Orientations and the Mathematical Success of African American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reported research findings from a study that critically examined the role of sociocultural orientations in the mathematical experiences of 2 African American students. To determine how the orientations influenced the students' mathematical success, the author used a phenomenological research strategy to examine the life histories of the…

Moody, Vivian R.

2004-01-01

408

Urban African American Males' Perceptions of School Counseling Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a qualitative framework, researchers explored urban African American male students' perceptions of their school counselors and the ways to improve school counseling services. While participants reported positive feelings toward their school counselors, they identified specific services school counselors can offer them to optimize academic…

Owens, Delila; Simmons, Robert W., III; Bryant, Rhonda M.; Henfield, Malik

2011-01-01

409

The Structure and Correlates of Perfectionism in African American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the structure and symptom correlates of perfectionism in a sample of 6th-grade, urban, African American children using the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale (CAPS; Flett, Hewitt, Boucher, Davidson, & Munro, 2000). Confirmatory factor analysis showed inadequate fit of the original subscales. Exploratory factor analysis…

McCreary, Beth T.; Joiner, Thomas E.; Schmidt, Norman B.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

2004-01-01

410

Religious Participation, Spirituality, and Coping among African American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the relationship among religious participation, spirituality, Africultural coping styles, and religious problem-solving styles in a sample of African American college students. Results reveal that religious participation and spirituality accounted for significant variance in aspects of Africultural coping styles and religious…

Constantine, Madonna G.; Wilton, Leo; Gainor, Kathy A.; Lewis, Erica L.

2002-01-01

411

Trial and Lifetime Smoking Risks among African American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed African American college students regarding cigarette use magnitude, risk factors, and predictors. Over half had smoked at least once, and 9.3 percent were lifetime smokers. More women than men smoked. For trial smoking, predictors were current residence, parent smoking status, and friends' smoking. For lifetime smoking, race/ethnicity,…

Hestick, Henrietta; Perrino, S. Carrol; Rhodes, Warren A.; Sydnor, Kim Dobson

2001-01-01

412

Academic, Racial and Mathematics Identities of African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-methods study examined the experiences of African American community college mathematics students' in the Nyame Scholars Program at Promise Community College. The purpose of the study was to identify through narrative analysis what aspects of the program impact students' racial, academic, and mathematics identities. A comparison group…

Moore, A'kilah Tienda

2011-01-01

413

Perceptions of Classroom Belongingness among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows that students of color have college experiences markedly different from their majority peers. The present study examined African American college students' perceptions of their college classrooms as communities. Results of open-ended surveys revealed four predominate themes of instructional style, faculty interpersonal…

Booker, Keonya C.

2007-01-01

414

African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Headquartered at Amherst College, the African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project (AARDOC) was founded in 1987. The goal of the project is "to produce a comprehensive history of African-American religion." The history is scheduled to be published in a print edition by the University of Chicago Press later in 2010, and the authors of the project have created this site to bring a selection of these materials to the attention of educators and students. The "Advice for Beginners" section contains a brief description of external reference works of note, and then visitors can make their way through brief outlines of different phases in African-American religious history in areas like "Atlantic World" and "Global Phase". The "Sample Documents" area is a real treat, as it features primary documents that tell the story of Billy Sunday's interactions with African-Americans and the 1822-1823 journal of Betsey Stockton, who joined a company of missionaries as they set sail for the Sandwich (Hawaii) Islands. The site is rounded out by a selection of teaching resources, including syllabi for undergraduate and graduate courses.

Wills, David W.

415

Coparenting, Family Interactions, and Competence among African American Youths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traced pathways between perceived coparenting support and child-rearing conflict, family interaction quality, and child self-regulation, academic competence, and behavior problems in families of 9- to 12-year-old African-Americans. Found that husbands' perception of coparental support was linked to family interaction quality; wives' perception of…

Brody, Gene H.; Flor, Douglas L.

1996-01-01

416

Predicting Relationship Stability among Midlife African American Couples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examined predictors of relationship stability over 5 years among heterosexual cohabiting and married African American couples raising an elementary-school-age child. The vulnerability-stress-adaptation model of relationships (Karney & Bradbury, 1995) guided the investigation. Contextual variables were conceptualized as…

Cutrona, Carolyn E.; Russell, Daniel W.; Burzette, Rebecca G.; Wesner, Kristin A.; Bryant, Chalandra M.

2011-01-01

417

CANCER HEALTH DISPARITIES PERSIST AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS IN WISCONSIN  

PubMed Central

Background Cancer incidence and mortality rates have decreased over the last few decades, yet not all groups have benefited equally from these successes. This has resulted in increased disparities in cancer burden among various population groups. Objective This study examined trends in absolute and relative disparities in overall cancer incidence and mortality rates between African American and white residents of Wisconsin during 1995 to 2006. Methods Cancer incidence data were obtained from the Wisconsin Cancer Reporting System. Mortality data were accessed from the National Center for Health Statistics’ public use mortality file. Trends in incidence and mortality rates during 1995–2006 for African Americans and whites were calculated and changes in relative disparity were measured using rate ratios. Results With few exceptions, African American incidence and mortality rates were higher than white rates in every year of the period 1995–2006. Although cancer mortality and incidence declined for both groups over the period, relative racial disparities in rates persisted over the period and account for about a third of African American cancer deaths. Conclusions Elimination of cancer health disparities will require further research into the many contributing factors, as well as into effective interventions to address them. In Wisconsin, policy makers, health administrators, and healthcare providers need to balance resources carefully and set appropriate priorities to target racial inequities in cancer burden.

Jones, Nathan R.; Williamson, Amy; Foote, Mary; Creswell, Paul; Strickland, Rick; Remington, Patrick; Cleary, James; Adams, Alexandra

2011-01-01

418

Fast Food Marketing and the African American Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although African American consumers form a large and growing market segment, relatively little study has been done on their fast food consumption preferences. This paper examines the frequency of patronizing fast food restaurants by this important sub-cultural group, the criteria that they use to evaluate service quality in fast food restaurants, as well as the socio-economic and demographic factors that

Philemon Oyewole

2007-01-01

419

Developmental Origins of Perfectionism among African American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study used a person-centered latent variable approach to classify types of perfectionism among 6th-grade African American children living in an urban setting. In particular, the authors were interested in determining whether an adaptive subtype could be found and validated against external criteria. The authors also attempted to…

Herman, Keith C.; Trotter, Reid; Reinke, Wendy M.; Ialongo, Nicholas

2011-01-01

420

Developmental Trajectories of Maladaptive Perfectionism among African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the developmental trajectories of maladaptive perfectionism over a 7-year period among African American youth living in an urban setting (N = 547). In particular, the study attempted to determine whether two maladaptive aspects of perfectionism (socially prescribed and self-critical) changed over time and could be distinguished…

Herman, Keith C.; Wang, Kenneth; Trotter, Reid; Reinke, Wendy M.; Ialongo, Nicholas

2013-01-01

421

Siblings and Gender Differences in African-American College Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences in college enrollment growth rates for African-American men and women have resulted in a large gender gap in college attendance. This paper shows that, controlling for spurious correlation with unobserved variables, having more college-educated older siblings raises rather than lowers the likelihood of college attendance for…

Loury, Linda Datcher

2004-01-01

422

What about African Americans and High Blood Pressure?  

MedlinePLUS

(continued) Lifestyle + Risk Reduction High Blood Pressure What’s blood pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood against the walls of the ... African Americans and High Blood Pressure? Lifestyle + Risk Reduction High Blood Pressure ANSWERS by heart Take a ...

423

Suicidal Behavior among African American College Students: A Preliminary Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This preliminary study examined suicidality in 233 African American college students who attended a historically Black college. Suicidality involves both suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviors. Suicidal ideation includes the thoughts andfeelings that are often associated with suicidal behavior (e.g., developing a suicide plan, preoccupation with thoughts of death, etc.). Suicidal behavior involves the deliberate attempt to take one's life. The

Sherry D. Molock; Regina Kimbrough; Monica Blanton Lacy; Karla P. McClure; Steven Williams

1994-01-01

424

Depressive Distress Among Homosexually Active African American Men and Women  

PubMed Central

Objective Although early surveys of psychological adjustment among gay men and lesbians suggest only minor and not clinically relevant differences from heterosexual populations, concerns about psychiatric morbidity associated with HIV infection have renewed interest in the prevalence of psychological distress in this population, particularly among gay men. These later studies have focused primarily on white men. However, research indicates higher crude prevalence rates of psychological distress in community-drawn samples of African American subjects than in white subjects and also higher rates in women than in men. The authors examined rates of depressive distress and suicidal thoughts among homosexually active African American men and women who might be especially at risk for psychiatric morbidity due to multiple stigmatized social statuses. Method Two nationally recruited groups of homosexually active African Americans (829 men and 603 women) completed self-administered questionnaires, including the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Results Homosexually active black women were as distressed as HIV-infected gay black men. Men with symptomatic HIV disease were significantly more distressed than men who were HIV infected but asymptomatic, HIV-antibody negative, or whose HIV status was unknown. Both men and women reported distress levels in excess of those previously reported in studies of blacks or primarily white gay men. Conclusions Further research is needed to identify specific predictors of life stressors and lack of social support among homosexually active African Americans who appear to be at higher risk for depressive distress.

Cochran, Susan D.; Mays, Vickie M.

2011-01-01

425

Transitional Chapter Books: Representations of African American Girlhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a content analysis of nine transitional chapter books featuring African American females. Transitional chapter books are geared toward transitional readers--children in grades 2 through 4 who have outgrown predictable books and other types of easy readers but are not ready for more complex novels. The purpose of this study is…

McNair, Jonda C.; Brooks, Wanda M.

2012-01-01

426

Dimensions of Physical Activity in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obesity and hypertension are among the international problems for which health professionals urge exercise. Exercise might increase if advisers knew how patients normally expend energy. Using the Yale Physical Activity Survey (YPAS), this U.S. study measured energy expenditure in several dimensions of physical activity including exercise, in African American women with hypertension (N = 100). Over half expended at least

Susan W. Buchholz; Nancy T. Artinian

2009-01-01

427

Improving the Diets of African-Americans: Challenges and Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated African Americans' dietary patterns in light of national nutrition recommendations. Questionnaires and focus groups indicated that most respondents rated their diets good or excellent, but most had unhealthy eating habits. Most had recently tried to lower fat intake. Milk, whole grains, vegetables, and water were the most difficult…

James, Delores C. S.

1998-01-01

428

Transtheoretical Model of Change Among Hospitalized African American Smokers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine predicted relationships among transtheoretical model of change measures in a sample of 211 low-income, African American hospitalized smokers. Methods: We used discriminant analysis to examine differences in decisional balance and self-efficacy across stages of change for quitting. Results: Differences in decisional balance…

Kohler, Connie L.; Fish, Larry; Davies, Susan L.

2004-01-01

429

Early Academic Experiences of Recently Incarcerated African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project examines the early educational experiences of 6 young African American males (ages 18-25) who attended urban schools in San Diego, California. All 6 men were incarcerated for at least 1-year before participating in a pre-release program. The participants were part of a pre-release program in San Diego, California, which was selected…

Jeffers, Adam R.

2010-01-01

430

African American adolescents' academic persistence: a strengths-based approach.  

PubMed

African American adolescents are faced with the challenge to be successful academically, even though they may experience racial discrimination within school settings. Unfortunately, relatively little scholarship explores how African American adolescents draw on personal and cultural assets to persist and thrive in the face of discriminatory experiences. Additionally, little research has explored the buffering role of assets (e.g., racial pride, self-efficacy, and self-acceptance) on the relationship between school-based racial discriminatory experiences and the academic persistence of African American adolescents. Participants in the current study included 220 (58 % girls) socioeconomically diverse African American adolescents. Latent class analysis was utilized to identify clusters based on participants' racial pride, self-efficacy, and self-acceptance. Three cluster groups were identified. The majority of the students belonged to the average group in which adolescents reported average levels of the three study assets. Adolescents in the higher group reported higher assets relative to their peers in the study and those in the lower group reported lower strength-based assets relative to their peers. Results indicated that school-based racial discrimination was associated with lower levels of academic persistence. Additionally, adolescents in the higher assets group reported higher academic persistence in comparison to the average and low group. Our model reflected a promotive but not protective influence of adolescents' assets on their academic persistence. PMID:23700259

Butler-Barnes, Sheretta T; Chavous, Tabbye M; Hurd, Noelle; Varner, Fatima

2013-09-01

431

African American Accounting Majors and the 150-hr Requirement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study provides information on African American accounting majors' views regarding 150-hr issues. The authors collected data from 152 students at two schools. Students at one school supported the requirement while those at the other school did not. However, students believed that the 150-hr requirement enhances the quality of certified public…

Booker, Quinton; Hill, Cecil L.; Wright, Carl

2010-01-01

432

Assessing African American Adolescents' Risk for Suicide Attempts: Attachment Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates risk factors in African American adolescent suicide attempters (n=51) and nonsuicidal (n=124) adolescents. Results show that threat of separation from a parental figure, insomnia, neglect, substance abuse, suicidal ideation, and failing grades were the strongest predictors of suicide attempt. Unexpected findings include high levels of…

Lyon, Maureen E.; Benoit, Marilyn; O'Donnell, Regina M.; Getson, Pamela R.; Silber, Tomas; Walsh, Thomas

2000-01-01

433

Predictors of African American Adolescent Sexual Activity: An Ecological Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated predictors of African American adolescent sexual activity, testing an ecological model of risk factors influencing sexual activity. Data collected over three years indicated that risk factors at the personal, familial, and extrafamilial levels of adolescents' social ecology related to being a virgin or not. Males and older adolescents…

Mandara, Jelani; Murray, Carolyn B.; Bangi, Audrey K.

2003-01-01

434

Perinatal AIDS: Permanency Planning for the African-American Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conducted a retrospective chart review utilizing Norwood's model on the families of the 83 infants whose cord blood was positive for maternal HIV antibodies or who were congenitally infected with HIV. Discusses implications for permanency planning in the context of their impact on the African-American community. (KS)

Taylor-Brown, Susan; And Others

1992-01-01

435

School Programs for African-American Males ... and Females.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains antecedents, program variations, and rationale for developing single-sex schools for African-American males and females. Such schools share various values and features based on the importance of gender differences. Most programs offer appropriate same-sex role models, help with transition to adulthood, cultural inoculation, strengthened…

Ascher, Carol

1992-01-01

436

Diet, Genetic Polymorphisms and Breast Cancer in African-Americans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary goal of this project is to identify non-hormonal dietary risk and genetic susceptibility factors for breast cancer in African-American women. This project initial will assess the role of dietary fat, cholesterol, cooking practices (e.g., of fa...

L. Adams-Campbell

1999-01-01

437

African American Preschool Children's Physical Activity Levels in Head Start  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the physical activity levels of urban inner city preschoolers while attending Head Start, the federally funded preschool program for children from low-income families. Participants were 158 African American children. Their physical activity during Head Start days was measured using programmed RT-3…

Shen, Bo; Reinhart-Lee, Tamara; Janisse, Heather; Brogan, Kathryn; Danford, Cynthia; Jen, K-L. C.

2012-01-01

438

Gender and homework management reported by African American students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study linked gender and grade level to homework management strategies and homework completion behaviours. The participants were 685 African American students in the south?eastern USA, including 370 eighth graders and 315 eleventh graders. Gender appeared related to the majority of homework measures examined in the present study. Specifically, compared with boys, girls reported more frequently working to manage

Jianzhong Xu

2010-01-01

439

Indigenous Healing Practices among Rural Elderly African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elderly African Americans residing in rural areas have practiced and continue to practice indigenous healing practices for various reasons. In addition to the belief in the value of such practices, many of these individuals practice indigenous healing because it is cost effective. In this article information is presented on the history of research…

Harley, Debra A.

2006-01-01

440

Evaluating the impact of a hypertension program for African Americans.  

PubMed Central

Although hypertension affects all racial and ethnic groups, its prevalence is highest in the African-American community. The goal of Healthy People 2010 is to reduce hypertension among African Americans from 40% to 16%. Although current levels remain high, culturally sensitive, community-based clinical projects might be helpful in addressing this problem. The goal of this study was to assess whether a community-based clinic's program was effective in improving blood pressure control among a sample of 134 African-American adults. The program design involved health education and physical fitness classes offered over a nine-month period, with blood pressure checks being conducted pre- and postphases to determine whether the program was effective in controlling high blood pressure. Health questionnaires were also administered pre- and posttest to assess whether health behaviors and perceived health status were influenced by the project. Two-thirds (70%) of the sample had high blood pressure at baseline and 43% at program conclusion. This was a statistically significant difference (p=0.003). Overall self-reported health survey results indicated improved health behaviors and health status changes. Findings suggest that culturally sensitive, community-based clinic programs that incorporate both health education and physical fitness might be effective in reducing hypertension among African Americans.

Paschal, Angelia M.; Lewis, Rhonda K.; Martin, Arneatha; Shipp, Donna Dennis; Simpson, Donna Sanders

2006-01-01

441

A Longitudinal Study of Household Change on African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few studies have examined the effects of household change on adolescent development. We study household composition change and its effect on development, as measured by both internalizing symptoms and externalizing behaviors, in a sample of urban African American adolescents. Household change was defined based on the movement in or out of the…

Barnett, Tracey E.; Rowley, Stephanie; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Vansadia, Preeti; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard

2011-01-01

442

Pregnancy among Urban African-American Teens: Ambivalence about Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus groups with nonparenting, urban, African-American females examined their attitudes toward teen pregnancy, the social impact of teen pregnancy, and contraception. Results indicated that though the adolescents believed pregnancy and parenting were best delayed until later, they felt they were common, manageable experiences with plenty of…

Crump, Aria Davis; Haynie, Denise L.; Aarons, Sigrid J.; Adair, Elissa; Woodward, Kathy; Simons-Morton, Bruce G.

1999-01-01

443

Pubertal Maturation and African American Children's Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The association of pubertal maturation with internalizing and externalizing symptoms was examined with a sample of 867 African-American 10-12-year-old children. Children reported their pubertal development status and timing using a self-report questionnaire, and symptoms were assessed through diagnostic interviews with the children and their…

Ge, Xiaojia; Brody, Gene H.; Conger, Rand D.; Simons, Ronald L.

2006-01-01

444

Plasma Lipid Concentrations in Non-Diabetic, African American Adults  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Despite higher rates of cardiovascular disease, African Americans have a more favorable lipid profile. The purpose of the study was to examine the association between plasma lipid concentrations and insulin resistance in African Americans and to determine if insulin resistance is present at a lower triglyceride (TG) threshold than is used for metabolic syndrome criteria. METHODS Data were examined on 185 non-diabetic African American men (N=61) and women (N=124), mean 39.8 years. Measurements included blood pressure, anthropometrics, oral glucose tolerance test, and insulin sensitivity (M), by insulin clamp. The relationship between lipids and insulin sensitivity was analyzed by correlation analysis and by comparing triglyceride levels among tertiles of M. RESULTS Despite relatively low mean TG (87.8 ± 55.2 mg/dL), there were statistically significant correlations of M with TG (r = -.23, P<0.002), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C; r =.19, P < 0.01)), and TG/HDL-C ratio (r = -.23, P<0.002). The correlations were strongest in men. Subjects with TG in an intermediate range (110-149 mg/dL) had insulin resistance equivalent to the high TG group (? 150 mg/dL). CONCLUSIONS In African Americans, triglyceride levels below the current metabolic syndrome threshold criterion are associated with insulin resistance.

Stein, Elizabeth; Kushner, Harvey; Gidding, Samuel; Falkner, Bonita

2007-01-01

445

Teaching How to Fish: Employment Skills for African American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Agrees with Jeremy Rifkin that "human labor is being systematically eliminated from the economic process" and deplores educators' slowness to recognize implications. Since individuals must create their own work, educational programs should stress entrepreneurship and self-employment skills, not job-seeking behaviors. African American women,…

Smith, Zira J.

1996-01-01

446

African American Women Leaders in the Federal Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes interviews with several African American women managers employed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Participants were asked about their leadership training, mentoring opportunities, the glass ceiling, and family responsibilities. These managers maintain their status while providing care for family members, continuing their…

Easley, Patricia

1996-01-01

447

NGOMA: Celebrate the Dream with African-American Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can everyone celebrate the most powerful dream (Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s) in America's history, which paved the way for civil rights, equality, and social justice? How can everyone heighten students' awareness of these civil and social issues? An increased use of African-American literature is one effective way. In this article,…

Brinson, Sabrina A.

2008-01-01

448

The Use of Conversational Repairs by African American Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aimed to describe the types and frequency of conversational repairs used by African American (AA) children in relationship to their geographic locations and levels of performance on commonly used speech-language measures. Method: The strategies used to initiate repairs and respond to repair requests were identified in…

Stockman, Ida J.; Karasinski, Laura; Guillory, Barbara

2008-01-01

449

African American Child-Women: Nutrition Theory Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past research indicates a significantly higher prevalence of early sexual maturation in African American (AA) girls, which is associated with a number of psychological and behavioral problems as well as with health problems such as childhood obesity and diabetes. Both nutrition and body image perceptions have never before been empirically…

Talpade, Medha

2006-01-01

450

Elevated Rates of Prolonged Grief Disorder in African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence of Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) in non-Whites is currently unknown. This study was performed to explore the prevalence of PGD in African Americans (AAs). Multivariable analysis of two studies of recently bereaved individuals found AAs to have significantly higher rates of PGD than Whites (21% [14 of 66] vs. 12% [55 of 471],…

Goldsmith, B.; Morrison, R. S.; Vanderwerker, L. C.; Prigerson, H. G.

2008-01-01

451

Contextual Stress and Health Risk Behaviors among African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the longitudinal association between contextual stress and health risk behaviors and the role of protective factors in a community epidemiologically-defined sample of urban African American adolescents (N = 500; 46.4% female). Structural equation modeling was used to create a latent variable measuring contextual stress…

Copeland-Linder, Nikeea; Lambert, Sharon F.; Chen, Yi-Fu; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

2011-01-01

452

Social Cognitive Predictors of African American Adolescents' Career Interests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influence of social cognitive variables on African American adolescents' interest in environmental science. The sample consisted of 132 (57 male, 75 female) high school seniors enrolled in an urban scientific and technical high school from which 95% of graduates continue in higher education. Results of the regression…

Quimby, Julie L.; Wolfson, Jane L.; Seyala, Nazar D.

2007-01-01

453

Bosom Biscuits: A Study of African American Intergenerational Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documents the contents and sources of nurturing advice that primary caregivers provided to a group of African American faculty members and administrators located at an urban university campus. Responses from 31 subjects reveal primary caregivers, mostly mothers, stressed getting a good education, engaging in hard work, and behaving morally.…

Daniel, Jack L.; Effinger, Marta, J.

1996-01-01

454

Anthropometric Facial Analysis of the African American Woman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results: Compared with white women, the following measurements were found to be significantly different (P,.003) in African American women: special head height was shorter; forehead height II was longer; nose length was shorter; lower face height was longer; height of the calva was shorter; forehead height I was longer; and ear length was shorter. In addition, most horizontal mea- sures

Jennifer Parker Porter; Krista L. Olson

2001-01-01

455

Culturally-Focused Batterer Counseling for African-American Men.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In many major urban areas, African-American men comprise at least half of the men arrested for domestic violence and referred to 'batterer' educational or counseling programs. The dropout and re-arrest rates of these men tend to be higher than those for w...

E. W. Gondolf

2005-01-01

456

African American Children's Affective Attributions and Consequences Regarding Sociomoral Events  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: This study examined 56 young (prekindergarten through 2nd grade) urban-dwelling African American children's understanding of the affective attributions and consequences of 3 types of sociomoral rule systems: prosocial, active, and inhibitive morality. It also tested the relationship of affective attributions and consequences to…

Humphries, Marisha L.

2013-01-01

457

Breaking Racial Barriers: African Americans in the Harmon Foundation Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Breaking Racial Barriers is a selection of twenty portraits of distinguished African-Americans that were part of the Harmon Foundation exhibition that toured the US in the early 1950s in the cause of combatting racial inequity. Breaking Racial Barriers will be on view in the National Portrait Gallery through January 4, 1998.

1997-01-01

458

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today's Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate…

Epps, Sharon K.

2008-01-01

459

Behavioural Precursors and HIV Testing Behaviour among African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine whether there is an association between knowledge, attitudes and beliefs, reported intentions to get an HIV test, and reported HIV testing behaviour at a later date among a sample of African American women. Design: Secondary analysis of data collected from October 2007 through March 2008 for a randomized controlled experiment…

Uhrig, Jennifer D.; Davis, Kevin C.; Rupert, Doug; Fraze, Jami

2012-01-01

460

Familism Beliefs and Psychological Distress among African American Women Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Drawing from stress and coping models, we examined heterogeneity in the expression of familism (i.e., beliefs about the caregiving role) and its impact on psychological distress among African American women caregivers. Design and Methods: We relied on data from the Black Rural and Urban Caregivers Mental Health and Functioning study, a…

Rozario, Philip A.; DeRienzis, Daniel

2008-01-01

461

Kinship Care for African American Children: Disproportionate and Disadvantageous  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To highlight the individual and systemic practices that perpetuate the overuse of and reliance on kinship care and instead emphasize family reunification as the permanency plan for African American children in the child welfare system, the authors first discuss how kinship care is affected by federal child welfare policy and provide a historical…

Harris, Marian S.; Skyles, Ada

2008-01-01

462

Do African Americans have lower energy expenditure than Caucasians?  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To review current studies that examine differences in energy expenditure between African Americans and Caucasians as possible modulators of attained differences in overweight status.DESIGN: Literature review of recent clinical and laboratory studies.METHODS: Studies chosen for review were those that examined directly resting metabolic rate (RMR), using indirect calorimetry, and total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) and physical activity energy expenditure

B Gannon; L DiPietro; ET Poehlman

2000-01-01

463

The Role of Religiosity in African American Preadolescent Aggression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the role of parent and preadolescent religiosity in aggression among African American preadolescents with moderate to high aggression. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to determine (a) which aspects of parent and preadolescent religiosity (i.e., church attendance, private religious activities, and intrinsic…

Holmes, Khiela J.; Lochman, John E.

2012-01-01

464

Romantic Relationships Trajectories of African American Gay/Bisexual Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interview study reported here sought to identify the perceived trajectory of romantic relationships of a cohort of Oakland African American gay/bisexual adolescents. Biographical interviews were used to identify cultural models of romantic relationships in the study sample and discovered a trajectory of four phases. In the antecedent to the…

Eyre, Stephen L.; Milbrath, Constance; Peacock, Ben

2007-01-01

465

Predicting Relationship Stability Among Midlife African American Couples  

PubMed Central

Objective This study examined predictors of relationship stability over 5 years among heterosexual cohabiting and married African American couples raising an elementary-school-age child. The vulnerability–stress–adaptation model of relationships (Karney & Bradbury, 1995) guided the investigation. Contextual variables were conceptualized as important determinants of education and income, which in turn influence family structure, stress, and relationship quality and stability. Religiosity was tested as a resource variable that enhances relationship stability. Method Couples (N = 207) were drawn from the Family and Community Health Study. Variables assessed at Wave 1 (education, income, religiosity, biological vs. stepfamily status, marital status, financial strain, and relationship quality) were used to predict relationship stability 5 years later. Results Higher levels of education were associated with higher income, lower financial strain, and family structures that research has shown to be more stable (marriage rather than cohabitation and biological-family rather than stepfamily status; Bumpass & Lu, 2000). These variables, in turn, influenced relationship quality and stability. Religiosity, an important resource in the lives of African Americans, promoted relationship stability through its association with marriage, biological-family status, and women’s relationship quality. Conclusions Enhancing the stability of African American couples’ relationships will require changes in societal conditions that limit opportunities for education and income and weaken relationship bonds. Programs to assist couples with blended families are needed, and incorporation of spirituality into culturally sensitive relationship interventions for African American couples may also prove beneficial.

Cutrona, Carolyn E.; Russell, Daniel W.; Burzette, Rebecca G.; Wesner, Kristin A.; Bryant, Chalandra M.

2012-01-01

466

Counting the Uncounted: African American Students in Reading Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines Reading Recovery as a microcosm for issues related to race and access. Tenets of critical race theory are presented to explore how racial biases are systemic in our ways of being, teaching, and conducting research. Specifically, I present data for African American children involved in Reading Recovery in one Midwestern…

Compton-Lilly, Catherine

2011-01-01

467

Homies: Peer Mentoring among African-American Males.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer mentoring among African-American males (referred to as "homies") on the west side of Chicago was examined in an afrocentric ethnographic study. The study used three data collection methods: a survey (of respondents' definition of the word "mentor") administered at bus stops, elevated train stations, gyms, and libraries to approximately 100…

Braden, Warren R.

468

"Performance, Resistance, Caring: Racialized Gender Identity in African American Boys"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study illuminates the meaning making world of 5th, 6th, and 7th grade African American boys in a community based after-school program. Employing participant observation, questionnaire and interviews, the work captures the manifestations of their definitions of gender and racial constructions, including maleness, masculinity, "Blackness," as…

Isom, Denise A.

2007-01-01

469

Reasons for African American Student Attrition from School Psychology Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological study used a series of three in-depth interviews with seven African American participants, for a total of 21 interviews, to explore their experiences in the specialist and doctoral level school psychology programs they left prior to obtaining a professional entry-level degree. The study's purpose was to investigate what…

Proctor, Sherrie L.; Truscott, Stephen D.

2012-01-01

470

African American College Students: Literacy of Depression and Help Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Depression is a serious public health concern in the United States affecting almost 18.8 million adults. It is a common mental disorder in college students, with estimates of 1 in 4 "experiencing an episode by age 24." African American college students are at an elevated risk for depression due to racism, stress, sleep deprivation, and lack of…

Stansbury, Kim L.; Wimsatt, Maureen; Simpson, Gaynell Marie; Martin, Fayetta; Nelson, Nancy

2011-01-01

471

Positive Parenting among African American Mothers with a Serious Illness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a sample of African American mothers (N=202) diagnosed with mental illness, the effects of poverty; maternal education; social support; maternal and social stress; current mental health; and psychiatric history were examined for effects on positive parenting. Strongest predictors of parenting attitudes were stress and current mental health.…

Oyserman, Daphna; Bybee, Deborah; Mowbray, Carol T.; MacFarlane, Peter

2002-01-01

472

AFRICAN AMERICAN MUSLIM LEADERS AND THE WAR IN IRAQ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two of the most prominent African American Muslim leaders in the U.S., Imam Warith Deen Mohammed of Mosque Cares Ministry and Minister Louis Farrakhan of the Nation of Islam both have critical views of the war in Iraq. However, they differ in the severity of their criticism. Imam Mohammed has adopted a more accomodationist and mainline conservative stance toward U.S.

Lawrence H. Mamiya

2008-01-01

473

Child Maltreatment and Delinquency Onset among African American Adolescent Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child welfare and criminology research have increasingly sought to better understand factors that increase the likelihood that abused and neglected children will become involved in the juvenile justice system. However, few studies have addressed this relationship among African American male adolescents. The current study examines the relationship…

Williams, James Herbert; Van Dorn, Richard A.; Bright, Charlotte Lyn; Jonson-Reid, Melissa; Nebbitt, Von E.

2010-01-01

474

Balm in Gilead: Spiritual Dimensions in Counseling African American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes African American cultural and spiritual traditions that are the bedrock for therapeutic work with this population. States women who present for counseling with emotional themes of isolation, devaluation, internalized oppression, and low self-esteem and quest for positive racial identity are especially receptive to interventions that…

Frame, Marsha Wiggins; Williams, Carmen Braun; Green, Evelyn L.

1999-01-01

475

Gender Role Orientation and Anxiety Symptoms among African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluated gender role theory as an explanation for the observed gender differences in anxiety symptoms among adolescents. Specifically, the relation between gender, gender role orientation (i.e., masculinity and femininity), self-esteem, and anxiety symptoms was examined in a community sample of 114 African Americans aged 14 to…

Palapattu, Anuradha G.; Kingery, Julie Newman; Ginsburg, Golda S.

2006-01-01

476

Biculturalism and Academic Achievement of African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Biculturalism was examined as a factor that may positively affect the academic achievement of African American high school students, beyond cultural identity and self-esteem. Hierarchical regression analyses determined that cultural identity and academic self-esteem were important factors for academic achievement, but not biculturalism.…

Rust, Jonathan P.; Jackson, Margo A.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Blumberg, Fran C.

2011-01-01

477

Exposure to Community Violence and Adolescents' Internalizing Behaviors among African American and Asian American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exposure to community violence can seriously threaten healthy adolescent development. This longitudinal study examines the relationship between exposure to violence in the community and the internalizing behaviors of Asian American and African American adolescents. Data analyzed was from 901 adolescents (57.9% female and 42.1% male, and 84.7%…

Chen, Wan-Yi

2010-01-01

478

An Exploratory Study of Message Affect Behavior: A Comparison between African Americans and Euro-Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used the language intensity/message affect coding metric developed by R. Rogan and M. Hammer to evaluate variability in the language of 160 Euro-American and African-American college students responding to a free-response scenario. Results indicate significant differences in the level of affect present in messages communicated by the two groups.…

Rogan, Randall G.; Hammer, Mitchell R.

1998-01-01

479

The Afro-American Gospel Choir: Achieving a Positive Campus Climate for African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For African American students, matriculation at a predominantly White institution of higher education can be quite intimidating. Religion is important in providing comfort and encouragement for many of these students. This article describes the Afro-American gospel choir at the University of Alabama and its role in providing a more positive campus…

Pope, Myron L.; Moore, Cynthia

2004-01-01

480

Constructivism and Career Decision Self-Efficacy for Asian Americans and African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career development that adequately addresses the needs of multicultural students is important. The authors explored whether a constructivist career course might be a viable mechanism for improving career decision self-efficacy for 81 Asian American and African American college students. Results indicated significant increases in all 5 elements of…

Grier-Reed, Tabitha; Ganuza, Zoila M.

2011-01-01

481

Predictors of African American and European American Adolescents' Endorsement of Race-Conscious Social Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the predictors of adolescents' evaluations of affirmative action and school desegregation policies, African American and European American students (ns = 94 and 116, respectively; aged 14 to 17 years) attending a racially diverse high school in the Midwestern United States completed measures of (a) implicit racial attitudes, (b)…

Hughes, Julie Milligan; Bigler, Rebecca S.

2011-01-01

482

Relational Variables and Life Satisfaction in African American and Asian American College Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored associations among relationship harmony, perceived family conflicts, relational self-concept, and life satisfaction in a sample of 169 African American and Asian American college women. As hypothesized, higher relational self-concept, or the extent to which individuals include close relationships in their self-concepts, and…

Berkel, LaVerne A.; Constantine, Madonna G.

2005-01-01

483

Parenting within Cultural Context: Comparisons between African-American and Asian-American Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the sub-samples drawn from the National Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: Kindergarten (ECLS-K) database, this study examines similarities and differences between African-American and Asian-American parents in their parenting practice (i.e., parental involvement at home, expectations of child, emotional expressiveness, school involvement,…

Wu, Fang; Qi, Sen

2005-01-01

484

Breadth of Extracurricular Participation and Adolescent Adjustment among African-American and European-American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the linear and nonlinear relations between breadth of extracurricular participation in 11th grade and developmental outcomes at 11th grade and 1 year after high school in an economically diverse sample of African-American and European-American youth. In general, controlling for demographic factors, children's motivation, and the…

Fredricks, Jennifer A.; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.

2010-01-01

485

Prenatal Care Utilization Among Non-Hispanic Whites, African Americans, and Mexican Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The general objective of this study is to explain differentials in prenatal care (PNC) utilization in a nationally representative sample of non-Hispanic White (Anglo), African American, and Mexican American women. Method: The analysis is based on the National Maternal and Infant Health Survey. Multivariate, multinomial logistic regression models were employed to adjust for demographic, socioeconomic, medical risk, and program

W. Parker Frisbie; Samuel Echevarria; Robert A. Hummer

2001-01-01

486

Mathematics teachers in the South African transition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes, analyses and locates policy developments and teacher-related initiatives in mathematics education within the broader educational and policy context of a South Africa in transition. Although the crisis created by years of educational inequality and neglect is immense, these developments go some way towards creating a mathematics education community and resource which could make an impact on the crisis. The teacher focus in the paper arises out of the specific recognition that teacher involvement is the basis of curriculum renewal.

Adler, Jill

1994-12-01

487

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in African American children: what can be concluded from the past ten years?  

PubMed

Samuel et al. [Samuel, V. J., Curtis, S., Thornell, A., George, P., Taylor, A., Brome, D. R., et al. (1997). The unexplored void of ADHD and African-American research: A review of the literature. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1(4), 197-207.] reviewed the literature on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in African Americans, and found a paucity of research. The present review of 73 articles updates this assessment of available research and presents the current understanding of ADHD symptoms, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment in African American children ages 3-18. The authors conducted a qualitative review, as well as a mini meta-analysis of 5 studies of ADHD symptoms and 5 studies of ADHD diagnosis to clarify the question of racial differences in prevalence. African American youth had more ADHD symptoms (Cohen's d=0.45, p<.001), yet were diagnosed with ADHD only two-thirds as often as Caucasian youth (OR=.66, p<.001). This pattern was not explained by teacher rating bias or by SES, but may be influenced by parent beliefs about ADHD, higher rates of risk, and lack of treatment access and utilization. Lower treatment rates may be related to high rates of classroom behavior problems among African American youth. Findings also suggest that existing assessment tools may not adequately capture ADHD manifestation in African Americans. Findings highlight the need for more investigation and awareness of relevant cultural issues to inform a culturally competent approach to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of ADHD in African Americans. PMID:19008029

Miller, Torri W; Nigg, Joel T; Miller, Robin L

2009-02-01

488

Risk Factors of Sexual Harassment by Peers: A Longitudinal Investigation of African American and European American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research explores risk factors for, and longitudinal associations of, sexual harassment by peers during adolescence. Eight-hundred and seventy-two African American and European American adolescents (65.4% African American, 51.1% females) were assessed during the summer after the eighth grade (mean age=14.2 years) and then again in the…

Goldstein, Sara E.; Malanchuk, Oksana; Davis-Kean, Pamela E.; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.

2007-01-01

489

Physical Activities and Sedentary Pursuits in African American and Caucasian Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to describe and compare the specific physical activity choices and sedentary pursuits of African American and Caucasian American girls. Participants were 1,124 African American and 1,068 Caucasian American eighth-grade students from 31 middle schools. The 3-Day Physical Activity Recall (3DPAR) was used to measure…

Dowda, Marsha; Pate, Russell R.; Felton, Gwen M.; Saunders, Ruth; Ward, Dianne S.; Dishman, Rod K.; Trost, Stewart G.

2004-01-01

490

Recommendations for the Use of Online Social Support for African American Men  

PubMed Central

African American men face greater psychosocial stressors than African American women and men of other racial and ethnic groups, which place them at higher risk for psychological distress. Yet, research suggests that African Americans are less likely to utilize professional mental health services because of their mistrust of the health care system and their need for more specialized and innovative services. Supplemental resources aimed at positive coping and social support for African American men may reduce the likelihood that they experience psychological distress, which could lead to more severe mental disorders. This article proposes the use of online social support for African American men who are in early, nonsevere stages of psychological distress. We examine the unique experiences of African American men, discuss distress among this underserved group, and finally, offer recommendations for achieving an online community for African American men.

Watkins, Daphne C.; Jefferson, S. Olivia

2014-01-01

491

In Motion: the African-American Migration Experience  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture at the New York Public Library, In Motion: The African-American Migration Experience documents a new interpretation of African-American history that focuses on the self-motivated activities of peoples of African descent through thirteen defining periods of voluntary or involuntary migration. Ranging from The Transatlantic Slave Trade to The Great Migration to Haitian Immigration: 20th Century, the exhibit explains the extraordinary diversity of African Americans living in the United States today. While the site can be browsed by Migrations, Geography, Timeline, Source Materials, Educational Materials, or through a general search, a great way to start is by clicking on a migration of interest. From here, a variety of Educational Materials, Images, Texts, and Maps can be viewed, along with a short, descriptive narrative highlighting specific elements of the journey. For those interested, the website is also accompanied by a National Geographic-published companion book of the same name.

492

Ideological Schisms about HIV\\/AIDS Helping Systems in the African American Community, With an Emphasis on Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an initial exploration about the impact of ideological beliefs on helping services in the African American community. Newly infected HIV\\/AIDS cases place African Americans at 45% of such new cases, with African American women becoming infected at a rate 18 times that of Whites. Yet, helping services that are organic to African American women should be stronger

Colita Nichols Fairfax

2010-01-01

493

Admixture mapping of lung cancer in 1812 African-Americans  

PubMed Central

Lung cancer continues to be the leading cause of cancer death in the USA and the best example of a cancer with undisputed evidence of environmental risk. However, a genetic contribution to lung cancer has also been demonstrated by studies of familial aggregation, family-based linkage, candidate gene studies and most recently genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The African-American population has been underrepresented in these genetic studies and has patterns of cigarette use and linkage disequilibrium that differ from patterns in other populations. Therefore, studies in African-Americans can provide complementary data to localize lung cancer susceptibility genes and explore smoking dependence-related genes. We used admixture mapping to further characterize genetic risk of lung cancer in a series of 837 African-American lung cancer cases and 975 African-American controls genotyped at 1344 ancestry informative single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Both case-only and case–control analyses were conducted using ADMIXMAP adjusted for age, sex, pack-years of smoking, family history of lung cancer, history of emphysema and study site. In case-only analyses, excess European ancestry was observed over a wide region on chromosome 1 with the largest excess seen at rs6587361 for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (Z-score = ?4.33; P = 1.5 × 10?5) and for women with NSCLC (Z-score = ?4.82; P = 1.4 × 10?6). Excess African ancestry was also observed on chromosome 3q with a peak Z-score of 3.33 (P = 0.0009) at rs181696 among ever smokers with NSCLC. These results add to the findings from the GWAS in Caucasian populations and suggest novel regions of interest.

Schwartz, Ann G.; Wenzlaff, Angela S.; Bock, Cathryn H.; Ruterbusch, Julie J.; Chen, Wei; Cote, Michele L.; Artis, Amanda S.; Van Dyke, Alison L.; Land, Susan J.; Harris, Curtis C.; Pine, Sharon R.; Spitz, Margaret R.; Amos, Christopher I.; Levin, Albert M.; McKeigue, Paul M.

2011-01-01

494

"It's Not Fair, Is It, Hally?": African and African American Literature in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Athol Fugard's "Master Harold...and the boys" and Toni Morrison's "Bluest Eye" underscore the necessity of encouraging and providing opportunities for African American students to explore their own constructions of self. In the former work, "It's not fair, is it Hally?" becomes a universal human refrain at the same time that it becomes, at another…

Heusel, Barbara Stevens

495

An African-Centered Model of Prevention for African-American Youth at High Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chapters of this report provide a starting point for the development of authentic prevention strategies for use in the African-American community, specifically for high risk youth. It is neither a "how to" manual nor a mandate for specific program details, but it does highlight the key components of alcohol and other drug abuse prevention. The…

Goddard, Lawford L., Ed.

496

Marital Satisfaction Among African Americans and Black Caribbeans: Findings From the National Survey of American Life*  

PubMed Central

This study examines the correlates of marital satisfaction using data from a national probability sample of African Americans (N = 962) and Black Caribbeans (N = 560). Findings reveal differences between African Americans and Black Caribbeans, and men and women within those groups, in the predictors of marital satisfaction. Black Caribbean women reported overall higher levels of marital satisfaction than African American women. The findings amply demonstrate the significance of ethnic diversity within the Black population in the United States. Difficulties with finances (budgeting, credit issues, and debt management) are one of the key issues that generate conflict in marriages; stress generated as a result of financial problems can lower marital satisfaction. Because these issues are salient for couples at any given time in the family life cycle, counseling at critical points in the marriage (birth of children, launching of children from home, and retirement) may be helpful.

Bryant, Chalandra M.; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Lincoln, Karen D.; Chatters, Linda M.; Jackson, James S.

2010-01-01

497

A Call to Consciousness and Action: Mapping the African-American Jeremiad  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many scholars of the African-American jeremiad have argued that it is influential in Black protest as a rhetorical device. David Howard-Pitney concludes that the rhetoric of the American jeremiad ultimately developed into something distinctively African-American because it called for social prophecy and criticism. This essay seeks to expand Howard-Pitney's assertions as I examine the African-American jeremiad's conception in the early

Willie J. Harrell Jr

2006-01-01

498

African American Perspectives: Pamphlets from the Daniel A. P. Murray Collection 1818-1907  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides a glimpse into the richness of African American History. African American Perspectives is a famous pamphlet collection from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection, containing over 350 pamphlets (browsable and searchable) on all aspects of African American history from the early 19th to early 20th centuries. Pamphlets are available in text, SGML, (Standardized General Markup Language) and as .tif images.

1996-01-01

499

African American Males' Perceptions of Factors That Contribute to High School Completion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current research has focused primarily on the negative aspects of African American males and high school attainment, examining the misleading high school drop out rates among African American males rather than the steady increase in high school completion. My study explored the factors that help contribute to high school completion among African

Rainer, Samantha Marilyn

2009-01-01

500

Racial Identity and Psychological Symptoms among African Americans Attending a Historically Black University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research found racial identity predictive of psychological distress among African American students at predominantly White colleges. This study examined these relationships among 154 African American undergraduates attending a historically Black university. Racial identity was independent of psychological distress, suggesting that African

Gilbert, Stefanie C.; So, Dominicus; Russell, Tina Maria; Wessel, Thomas R.

2006-01-01