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1

Teaching African American Youth: Learning from the Lives of Three African American Social Studies Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the life histories of three African American social studies teachers, focusing on the evolution and changes in their identities, perspectives, and attitudes related to their profession and instructional practice. In addition, the study addresses the significance of the teachers' racialized experiences as African Americans and…

McBride, Chantee Earl

2010-01-01

2

"Brothers Gonna Work It Out:" Understanding the Pedagogic Performance of African American Male Teachers Working with African American Male Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from ethnographic data, this paper explores how African American male teachers working with African American male students performed their pedagogy. This paper highlights how teachers' understanding of African American males social and educational needs shaped their pedagogical performance. Interestingly however, teachers' performance was…

Brown, Anthony L.

2009-01-01

3

“Brothers Gonna Work It Out:” Understanding the Pedagogic Performance of African American Male Teachers Working with African American Male Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing from ethnographic data, this paper explores how African American male teachers working with African American male\\u000a students performed their pedagogy. This paper highlights how teachers’ understanding of African American males social and\\u000a educational needs shaped their pedagogical performance. Interestingly however, teachers’ performance was contingent on the\\u000a diverse ways they imagined African American males should engage within their social and

Anthony L. Brown

2009-01-01

4

"O Brotha Where Art Thou?" Examining the Ideological Discourses of African American Male Teachers Working with African American Male Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the early 1990s, several researchers have found that African American teachers who are successful with African American students hold deep philosophical commitments to the concept of "social justice". While these scholars have convincingly articulated how "social justice" is a central feature of African American teachers' success with…

Brown, Anthony L.

2009-01-01

5

African-American English: Teacher Beliefs, Teacher Needs and Teacher Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate elementary school teachers' self-perceived beliefs regarding African-American English (AAE), and their professional preparedness to address linguistic needs of AA students in the classrooms. The findings revealed three central issues: (1) teachers had limited understanding of the linguistic…

Gupta, Abha

2010-01-01

6

Recruiting Highly Qualified African American Teachers in American Urban Public Schools: A Qualitative Collective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the qualitative collective case study is to identify the weaknesses in the methods used to recruit highly qualified African American preservice teachers in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. The data collection process consisted of one-on-one, open-ended interview questions with 10 highly qualified African American public school…

James, LaNora Marcell

2011-01-01

7

Raising the Critical Consciousness of African American Students in Baldwin Hills: A Portrait of an Exemplary African American Male Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the pedagogical practices of an exemplary male African American middle school teacher in an affluent neighborhood, discussing principles guiding his efforts to enhance African American students' moral, intellectual, and spiritual development and noting how his emancipatory pedagogies provide a fertile learning ground. This case study…

Lynn, Marvin; Johnson, Charletta; Hassan, Kamal

1999-01-01

8

The Experiences of African American Physical Education Teacher Candidates at Secondary Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presently, most physical education teachers in the United States are White Americans and from middle class families. In fact, 83% of all teachers in public schools are White Americans, whereas approximately 10% of all African American teachers are representative of all teachers in the United States. A student might feel cultural dissonance that…

Sato, Takahiro; Fisette, Jennifer; Walton, Theresa

2013-01-01

9

"Putting Herself on the Line": African American Female Teacher Leaders as Exemplars of Social Justice Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing scholarship on teacher leadership fails to account for the perspectives of African American female teacher leaders. In this article, we profile 3 African American female teacher leaders located at different trajectories on historical and professional timelines. Our analysis is grounded in understandings from the intersection of social…

Robinson, Sheila Teel; Baber, Ceola Ross

2013-01-01

10

Measuring Urban Teachers' Beliefs about African American Students: A Psychometric Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding urban teachers' beliefs about African American students has become important because (a) many teachers are reluctant to teach students from other cultures, and (b) most teachers are European American. To construct a psychometrically sound measure of teacher beliefs, the authors investigate the measurement properties of a teacher

Natesan, Prathiba; Kieftenbeld, Vincent

2013-01-01

11

Exploring the Meaning African American PETE Teacher Candidates Ascribe to Their Aquatic Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) programs typically require their graduates to learn to swim proficiently. However, the research base is underdeveloped regarding the aquatic experiences of African Americans in PETE programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning African American PETE teacher candidates ascribe to their…

Sato, Takahiro; Hodge, Samuel R.

2012-01-01

12

Teacher's Introduction to African American English, A: What a Writing Teacher Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book, Teresa M. Redd and Karen Schuster Webb explain not only what African American English (AAE) is, but also what role it may play in students' mastery of Standard Written English. Designed especially for writing teachers, this volume is a concise, coherent, and current source that summarizes the major schools of thought about…

Redd, Teresa M.; Schuster Webb, Karen

2005-01-01

13

Educating African American Males: Examining Teacher Perceptions and Cultural Interpretations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many decades, society has struggled with academic underachievement, particularly among African American males. Although a myriad of studies have identified significant causal factors of African American academic underachievement from the perspectives and circumstances of the student, limited studies focus on this problem from the perspective…

Rivers, Celeste A.

2010-01-01

14

The Importance of Visibility: Students' and Teachers' Criteria for Selecting African American Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has demonstrated that African American children do not always relate to the literature available in their classrooms. The study examined fifth-grade students' responses to African American literature to determine the criteria students use to select books. Students' selection criteria were then compared with teachers' selection…

Gray, Erika Swarts

2009-01-01

15

Recruitment and retention initiatives for African American and Hispanic teachers in selected school districts in Texas  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to identify effective recruitment and retention initiatives for African American and Hispanic teachers. The research examined recruitment and retention initiatives used by school districts utilizing a survey instrument...

Perry, Anita Jane

2005-08-29

16

An Exploratory Study of the Career Decisions of African American and Hispanic Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need for culturally diverse teachers. Weiher (2000) studied the relationship between African American and Hispanic student achievement and schools with teachers from diverse ethnic backgrounds. Results indicated the greater the difference between the percentage of ethnically diverse teachers and the percentage of diverse students, the…

Waller, Johnnye

2010-01-01

17

On Human Kinds and Role Models: A Critical Discussion about the African American Male Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the theoretical implications around positioning the Black male teacher as the central agent of social change for Black male students. In addressing such concerns, my intention is not to discourage efforts to recruit and retain more African American men as teachers, but to trouble the commonsense assumptions embedded in such…

Brown, Anthony L.

2012-01-01

18

The Detrimental Impact of Teacher Bias: Lessons Learned from the Standpoint of African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses African American mothers' beliefs about the negative impact that teacher bias can have on students' self-esteem and academic achievement. She draws from in-depth interview data to highlight mothers' opinions of, and experiences with, teachers they characterize as "unqualified" and "uncaring." The data stem…

Cooper, Camille Wilson

2003-01-01

19

No Child Left Behind: Key Issues and Instructional Implications for Teachers of African-American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an overview of five key issues: access to materials; student motivation; teacher preparation; instructional practices; and parent-teacher-student relationships, that must be addressed in effecting change in the academic performance of African-American students. These issues are deemed important if the No Child Left Behind…

Walker-Dalhouse, Doris

2005-01-01

20

Teacher-Student Relationships among Behaviorally At-Risk African American Youth from Low-Income Backgrounds: Student Perceptions, Teacher Perceptions, and Socioemotional Adjustment Correlates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examines teacher-student relationships among African American youth from low-income backgrounds (N = 193). Students and their teachers completed measures of teacher-student relationship quality and measures pertaining to emotional, behavioral, and school-related adjustment. Results indicated that African American youth who fell…

Murray, Christopher; Zvoch, Keith

2011-01-01

21

Recruiting African American Male Teachers in K-12 Schools: A Case Study in One Urban School District  

E-print Network

A case study of the experiences of six African American male teachers in a southern K-12 school district is presented in this study. The purpose of this study was: 1) to hear the voices of African American male teachers in a selected urban school...

Watson, Jesse

2012-02-14

22

A Long Road to Travel: Narratives of African American Male Preservice Educators' Journeys through a Graduate Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ongoing research concerning African American males enrolled in teacher education programs is essential for a number of reasons. Research specifically addressing preservice teaching, teacher education, and the African American male student is needed to promote the well-being of any school of education. According to McCray, Sindelar, Kilgore,…

Jones, Shawn

2011-01-01

23

Teacher and parent perceptions of behavior problems among a sample of African American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white students.  

PubMed

A multiracial/multiethnic sample of middle school adolescents and their teachers was used to assess whether teacher ratings of student behavior problems varied according to teacher-student racial/ethnic differences and students' perception of teachers' attitudes toward them. No significant mean score differences were found for Hispanic or non-Hispanic white students according to the race/ethnicity of the teachers doing the ratings. However, African American students rated by Hispanic and non-Hispanic white teachers had significantly higher mean total behavior problem scores than African American students rated by African American teachers. Teacher ratings were also compared to those made by parents. The percentage of students rated as cases by teachers but not by parents differed significantly by race/ethnicity of student. Other findings indicated highly significant relationships between student-perceived teacher disparagement and the assignment of high behavior problem scores to students by teachers. PMID:7572829

Zimmerman, R S; Khoury, E L; Vega, W A; Gil, A G; Warheit, G J

1995-04-01

24

Emotion-Related Behavioral Regulation in African American Preschoolers: Social-Emotional Correlates of Teacher Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This preliminary and exploratory study examined the correlates of 5 aspects of teacher-rated emotion-related regulation (modulation, flexibility, organization, emotion-focused coping, aggressive-coping strategies) in a sample of 36 low- to middle-income African American preschoolers. Results showed that children's empathy, emotional intensity,…

Smith, Maureen C.

2004-01-01

25

Academic Achievement of African American Preadolescents: The Influence of Teacher Perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify the factors associated with the academic success of predominantly, middle-class African American preadolescent students. This study proposed an ecological model that considered the interaction of family environment, teacher perceptions of social skills, and student characteristics. The estimated model explained 58% of the variance in grade point average. Path analysis revealed three direct

Sherri F. Seyfried

1998-01-01

26

Negotiating a Teaching Identity: An African American Teacher's Struggle to Teach in Test-Driven Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examines the experiences of a young African American English teacher over 3 years as she tried to teach multicultural literature. The study began in her senior year of college when she was enrolled in a progressive undergraduate preservice program in English education and continued through her first 2 years as a high school English…

Agee, Jane

2004-01-01

27

Teacher and Observer Ratings of Young African American Children's Social and Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's social and emotional competence abilities have been linked to successful social interactions and academic performance. This study examined the teacher and observer ratings of social and emotional competence for 89 young (3- to 5-year-old), African American children from economically stressed urban environments. There was a specific…

Humphries, Marisha L.; Keenan, Kate; Wakschlag, Lauren S.

2012-01-01

28

Writing Differences in Teacher Performance Assessments: An Investigation of African American Language and Edited American English  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differential performance results occur when a specific population subgroup achieves a passing rate which is significantly lower than that of the normative reference group. African Americans do less well, in general, on all types of assessments, including constructed-response tests. The present study examined the writing styles of African American test takers in a National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS)

MICHELLE Y. SZPARA; E. CAROLINE WYLIE

2007-01-01

29

Writing Differences in Teacher Performance Assessments: An Investigation of African American Language and Edited American English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differential performance results occur when a specific population subgroup achieves a passing rate which is significantly lower than that of the normative reference group. African Americans do less well, in general, on all types of assessments, including constructed-response tests. The present study examined the writing styles of African American

Szpara, Michelle Y.; Wylie, E. Caroline

2008-01-01

30

Exploration of African-American Males and the Influence of Race, Gender and Teacher Beliefs about Their Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been no shortage of calls to improve teaching. Even the federal law, the No Child Left Behind Act, has mandated high quality teaching in the nation's public schools. But the question still remains "What makes an effective teacher, particularly of African-American males in an urban environment?" African-American males in…

Hamlet, Conrad E.

2012-01-01

31

Examining Teachers' Beliefs about African American Male Students in a Low-Performing High School in an African American School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: The study examines teachers' and administrators' perspectives on the persistent academic failure of African American male high school students. The study took place between 2003 and 2005 in a low-performing high school in Summerfield County, a Black suburban county in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States with a poverty…

Lynn, Marvin; Bacon, Jennifer Nicole; Totten, Tommy L.; Bridges, Thurman L., III; Jennings, Michael E.

2010-01-01

32

Factors That Influence African American Male Teachers' Educational and Career Aspirations: Implications for School District Recruitment and Retention Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identified factors that predicted the educational and career aspirations of male African American teachers in a suburban school district, focusing on teacher background, undergraduate major, qualifications, and motivation to impart knowledge. Surveys of 140 teachers indicated that motivation to impart knowledge and undergraduate major were…

Brown, Joan Wilson; Butty, Jo-Anne Manswell

1999-01-01

33

Rethinking "Turner v. Keefe": The Parallel Mobilization of African-American and White Teachers in Tampa, Florida, 1936-1946  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1941, members of the local unit of the Florida State Teachers Association (FSTA) met in Tampa to plan a lawsuit against Hillsborough County's school board for paying African-American teachers less than white teachers. Hilda Turner, who taught history and economics at Tampa's historically black high school, agreed to serve as plaintiff; she was…

Shircliffe, Barbara J.

2012-01-01

34

An Examination of Elementary School Teachers' Belief about Their African American Students with an Analysis of Selected Characteristics of Schools in One Urban School District  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between five factors: teacher efficacy, teacher beliefs, cultural responsive classroom management, cultural awareness, and cultural sensitivity among African American, European American...

Marrero, Otoniel

2010-10-12

35

African American History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

February is African American History Month, and, as the Library of Congress site notes, it's an area of history that should be incorporated into all discussions about American history. The Library of Congress listened to its own advice and created this most useful site to help students, teachers, and others to do just that. Visitors can read about a number of notable African Americans, including historian Carter G. Woodson and Congressman Major Owens. By clicking on the "Exhibits & Collections" area visitors can look through some of the digital collections related to various aspects of African American history. Additionally, the site also has other sections that provide primary materials on African Americans in the performing arts as well as oral histories from the Veterans History Project.

36

Successful White Mathematics Teachers of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, a growing disparity exists between the racial composition of teachers and the students they teach. In 2006, 43.1% of K-12 public school students were reported as non-White--in 1990, 32.4% (U.S. Department of Education, 2008). Teachers, however, are predominantly White, 83.3% (U.S. Department of Education, 2007a). Exacerbating…

Bidwell, Carla R.

2010-01-01

37

Examination of factors which may contribute to the underrepresentation of African American teachers certified in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout this country the student population is becoming increasingly diverse, yet the teacher population does not reflect this diversity. This lack of diversity in the teacher population deprives students of color from having role models of the same race/ethnicity who look like them and who might have experiences which are similar to theirs (Epstein, 2005; Nettles & Perna, 1997). Having role models from their own race in the classroom could have a positive impact on students' attitudes about science (Perine, 2003), and facilitate their learning of the subject matter, and give students an incentive to do well in school (Vegas, Murnane, & Willett, 2001). In 2000, a national survey study of math and science teachers was conducted (Horizon Research, 2001). The majority of biology (90%), chemistry (93%), and physics (94%) teachers who participated in the study were White. Findings of the study revealed that only 55% to 60% of these teachers considered themselves well prepared to effectively teach a culturally diverse student population (Banilower, 2002; Smith, 2002; Wood, 2002). The majority of the teacher pool, which is White, prefer not to teach in urban communities as they have a preference for teaching jobs in the nonurban communities that are similar to those in which they were raised (Boyd, Lankford, Loeb, & Wyckoff, 2005; Epstein, 2005). The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine factors that may contribute to the underrepresentation of African American teachers certified in science. More specifically, it was decided to examine the high school experiences of in-service teachers. Study participants were teachers and other certificated faculty in two school districts located in the southern portion of the United States. Findings of the study revealed a statistically significant relationship between a teacher's decision to become certified in science and the following high school experiences: teachers and guidance counselors encouraging students to consider a career in science; having confidence in one's academic ability in science class; good student-teacher relationships; teachers and guidance counselors encouraging students to take higher level science courses; teachers having high expectations, overall, for all of their students. Upon examination of these experiences, it was revealed that: not being encouraged as much as other students to take higher level science courses; being discouraged from taking higher level science courses more than other students; the lack of availability of advance level science courses; and not taking at least three science courses create barriers to African American teachers becoming certified in science.

Davis, Rita C. F.

38

Teaching African American English Forms to Standard American English-Speaking Teachers: Effects on Acquisition, Attitudes, and Responses to Student Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many U.S. students speak nonstandard forms of English, yet dialect issues are slighted in teacher education programs and literacy courses. In this study, classroom teachers who spoke Standard American English (SE) were familiarized with seven syntactic features characterizing African American English (AAE). Three approaches to instruction based on…

Fogel, Howard; Ehri, Linnea C.

2006-01-01

39

The Role of African American Mentor Teachers in Preparing White Preservice Teachers for African American Student Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do we bridge the mismatch between teachers and students based on race and ethnicity currently in our nation's schools? The teaching force remains overwhelmingly White, while the percentage of K-12 students of color continues to rise. Because of cultural dissonance, teachers may not understand the needs of their students. This study shows…

Moule, Jean; Higgins, Karen M.

2007-01-01

40

Reflections on Success and Retention in Urban Science Education: Voices of Five African-American Science Teachers Who Stayed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study highlights the factors that contribute to excellence in urban science teaching as pinpointed by five urban African-American science teachers who have taught successfully in the urban system for over 10 years. These teachers shared their experiences and reflections on the qualities that contributed to their success and persistence as…

Fraser-Abder, Pamela

2010-01-01

41

Obesity and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Data > Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Obesity Obesity and African Americans African American women have the ... ss6104.pdf [PDF | 3.5MB] HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

42

Professional development and poststructural analysis: Stories of African-American science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This interpretivist study focused on the professional development of three African American science teachers from a small rural school district, Carver School District (pseudonym), in the southeastern United States. Stories teachers shared of their experiences in teaching and learning science and in their professional development were analyzed using a feminist poststructural analysis of power, knowledge/meaning, language, and difference. For science teaching, power was viewed as a form of ownership or possession and also as effect and processes that impact teaching, learning, and professional development. Teachers through instructional practices exerted a certain amount of power in their classrooms. Teaching practices heavily influenced student learning in science classrooms. For teacher professional development, power was viewed as effecting relationships between administration, peers, and students as a shifting force within different social contexts. Science teachers were perceived as objects of the system and as active social agents who in particular relations of power acted in their best interests as they developed as science teachers. Teachers negotiated for themselves certain power relations to do as they wished for teaching science and for participating in teacher professional development activities. Power was an inherent and critically important aspect in understanding what science teachers do in their classrooms, in teaching and learning science, and in developing as science teachers. Knowledge was closely tied to relations of power in that teachers acquired knowledge about themselves, their teaching of science, and their students from their past experiences and professional development activities. Through language, interactions between teachers and students enabled or disabled access to the culture of power via instructional practices. Language was implicated in teacher professional development as a powerful force for advancing or hindering teachers professionally. The three teachers had different and similar experiences based upon race/ethnicity, gender, class, and age. Taking differences and similarities into consideration, recommendations were offered to balance relations of power in science teaching, learning, and teacher professional development through multicultural education, culturally relevant pedagogy, and feminist pedagogy for their particular teaching contexts. Feminist poststructuralism offers an alternative and critical perspective for science education research.

Moore, Felicia Michelle

2003-10-01

43

Behaviorally at-risk African American students:The importance of student–teacher relationships for student outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the associations between the student–teacher relationship and outcomes for African American students who were behaviorally at-risk for referral to special education. Students were identified by their teachers as having behavior problems. Participants were 44 students and 25 teachers from two suburban and three urban elementary schools in a mid-western state. A

Dawn M. Decker; Daria Paul Dona; Sandra L. Christenson

2007-01-01

44

A Case Study of the Historically Successful Roles of African American Teachers in Contemporary, Selected, Urban Charter Schools in New York  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine, to what degree, African American teachers in five selected, urban charter schools in New York performed the historical roles of counselor, advocate, disciplinarian, surrogate parent, and role model in, to determine how African American Teachers perceived the importance of performing the…

Benson, Shanelle R.

2010-01-01

45

Middle School Teachers‘ Reflective Responses to the Cultural Awareness and Beliefs Inventory about African American Learners in an Urban School District: A Qualitative Study  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the beliefs of teachers about their African American students. The Cultural Awareness and Beliefs Inventory (CABI) was used to measure the perceptions and attitudes of urban teachers‘ cultural...

Williams, Kamala Vychel

2012-02-14

46

"No More Mr. Nice Guy": Preservice Teachers' Conflict with Classroom Management in a Predominantly African-American Urban Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using methods of naturalistic inquiry, this study examines preservice teachers' conflict with classroom management strategies used in a predominantly African-American urban elementary school. It highlights the theory/practice dilemma, focusing on the tensions between the democratic strategies taught in university classes and the more authoritarian…

Higgins, Karen M.; Moule, Jean

2009-01-01

47

“No More Mr. Nice Guy”: Preservice Teachers' Conflict With Classroom Management in a Predominantly African-American Urban Elementary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using methods of naturalistic inquiry, this study examines preservice teachers' conflict with classroom management strategies used in a predominantly African-American urban elementary school. It highlights the theory\\/practice dilemma, focusing on the tensions between the democratic strategies taught in university classes and the more authoritarian strategies actually found in the urban classrooms. The use of power and caring, evident in the

Karen M. Higgins; Jean Moule

2009-01-01

48

Pursuing Racial Equity in Our Schools: Lessons Learned from African American Male Teachers in a Suburban School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a "Multicultural Teaching and Learning" course, racial equity is one of the many issues explored. When discussing racial equity in our schools, teacher education students in the course focus their attention on such issues as the achievement gap, referrals to special education of African American and Latino males, the racism of low expectations.…

Simmons, Robert W., III

2010-01-01

49

Through a Limiting Lens: Comparing Student, Parent, and Teacher Perspectives of African American Boys' Support for School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three qualitative case studies of elementary school African American boys demonstrate differing perspectives of the school-related support that students experience. Three boys, their teachers, and their parents/guardians identified various individuals as supportive in the boys' schooling. These individuals included co-residential family members,…

Hilgendorf, Amy E.

2012-01-01

50

The Relationship Between Teachers' Preparation and Perceived Level of Technology Use in Mathematics With Middle School African American Males  

E-print Network

of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM, 2000). Several sources view standards-based learning as a key to raising the math achievement of African American students (Haycock, 2001; Rousseau & Tate, 2003; Tate, 1994). The NCTM Standards were... in the forefront of current education reforms. In particular, the authors draw on two recommendations embedded in the Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics (NCTM, 1991). First, teachers are advised to reflect on how students’ ethnic, racial, gender...

Mason, Sherrie Dee

2012-10-19

51

Critical Race Theory: A Framework to Study the Early Reading Intervention Strategies for Primary Teachers Working with African American Male Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study endeavors to examine successful pedagogical practices that may increase the literacy skills of African American male students. This study examines how urban setting teachers utilize specific reading strategies including reading circles, small and individual group tutoring, in an effort to increase African American males'…

Blair, Carlos L.

2009-01-01

52

African Americans and Smoking  

MedlinePLUS

... though they smoke about the same amount. 2 Smoking Rates Among African Americans In 2008, about 5. ... 8%) middle school students. 11 Other Facts About Smoking Among African Americans Use of menthol cigarettes is ...

53

Perceptions of Five Middle School Science Teachers: A Suburban Success Story on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills Achievement for Eighth Grade African American Students  

E-print Network

PERCEPTIONS OF FIVE MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHERS: A SUBURBAN SUCCESS STORY ON THE TEXAS ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS ACHIEVEMENT FOR EIGHTH GRADE AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDENTS A Record of Study by CHERYL TURNER HENRY... Perceptions of Five Middle School Science Teachers: A Suburban Success Story on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills Achievement for Eighth Grade African American Students Copyright 2011 Cheryl Turner Henry PERCEPTIONS OF FIVE MIDDLE SCHOOL...

Henry, Cheryl Turner

2012-07-16

54

Writing Differences in Teacher Performance Assessments: Effects of African American Language Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated differences in the writing styles of African American and European American test takers using a portfolio entry assessment as a means of examining writing style, focusing on language choice, rhetorical style, and organization. The portfolio entry was from the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Middle…

Szpara, Michelle Y.; Wylie, E. Caroline

55

Middle class African American mothers' perceptions of White teachers' interactions with their African American children in predominately White suburban junior high schools  

E-print Network

This research study was conducted as a qualitative case study of six middle class African American mothers living in a suburban community. Their children attended a predominantly White suburban junior high school in their community. The study...

Williams, Twyla Jeanette

2009-05-15

56

Factors Influencing Elementary Teachers' Positioning of African American Girls as Science and Mathematics Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite recent progress toward gender equity in science and mathematics education, the underachievement of low-income African American girls remains a challenge when compared with their white counterparts. Furthermore, the causes of this persistent underachievement have not been explored thoroughly. We have initiated a three-year longitudinal…

Pringle, Rose M.; Brkich, Katie Milton; Adams, Thomasenia Lott; West-Olatunii, Cirecie; Archer-Banks, Diane A.

2012-01-01

57

Making Science Homework Work: The Perspectives of Exemplary African American Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Despite the best intentions to close the achievement gap, the underachievement of African American students in science is a persistent problem. It is surprising to note, however, that research on science education has often failed to consider students' cultural diversity as it relates to science education. On the few occasions…

Xu, Jianzhong; Coats, Linda T.; Davidson, Mary L.

2012-01-01

58

Sneaking out of the Big House? Perceptions of African American Mentees in a Graduate-Level Teacher Education Program on a White Campus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights the voices of in-service African American teachers who are matriculating in a graduate program by exploring their perceptions of mentorship. The authors explore the dual-identity and instructional challenges of these teachers of color in a predominately "White" professional development program that seeks to mentor students…

View, Jenice L.; Frederick, Rona

2011-01-01

59

Constructing Authority across Racial Difference: A White Teacher Signifyin(g) with African American Students in a High School English Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This in-depth case study of classroom interaction illuminated how a white female teacher and African American students used talk to build positive authority relationships across their racial difference. Racial difference in classrooms can engender cultural misunderstandings between teachers and students around behavior, communication, and learning…

Ford, Amy Carpenter

2010-01-01

60

Unreflective Detachment as a Contextualized Racial Identity: A Case Study of Cultural Practices of a White Teacher in an African-American Elementary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of the practices of a white teacher working in an urban elementary school with a large majority of African American students shows the problems caused by detached and unreflective teaching practice. The study emerges from a joint ethnographic research and classroom-based educational project at the school. The teacher worked with…

Siegel, Galia D.

61

African American Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... 2010 Data o Some African Americans express little suicide intent or depressive symptoms during suicidal crises; Develop liaisons with the faith community. Recognize warning signs and help a friend or family member get professional help. For More Information American ...

62

Department of African American and African Studies  

E-print Network

by the Faculty of the Department of African American and African Studies in March 1988 and Amended by the Faculty...................................................................... Procedures for Fourth-Year Review

63

African American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mississippi State University African American History Archive is a great place to start for pointers to African American history sites, as well as an excellent repository of African American history primary documents. The sites include Adonis Productions' Black Pioneers page (with pages on African American pioneers in all fields), Great Day In Harlem (jazz), Mississippi State's AfriGeneas genealogy mailing list and Web site, Small Towns-Black Lives in New Jersey, African American pioneers in Kentucky law, and the International Museum of the Horse's Buffalo Soldier pages. Full text documents include Dr. Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech, Booker T. Washington's "Up From Slavery", Frederick Douglass' "Autobiography" and "My Escape from Slavery", and Henry David Thoreau's "A Plea for Captain John Brown" and "Slavery in Massachussetts", among others. The site also contains African American bibliographies in the arts, education, history, and science, as well as pointers to other African American sites. http://www.msstate.edu/Archives/History/USA/Afro-Amer/afro.html

1997-01-01

64

Diabetes in African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Moving towards prevention of Type 2 Diabetes This music CD helps African Americans incorporate more physical activity ... move more. Three songs from the popular Movimiento music CD also are included. This CD also contains ...

65

African Americans and Glaucoma  

MedlinePLUS

African Americans and Glaucoma email Send this article to a friend by filling out the fields below: Your name: Your friend's name: Your ... and eventually, in developing more effective treatments. Does glaucoma treatment differ? Although treatment varies for all individuals, ...

66

Precedents in African American architecture  

E-print Network

As a sub-sets of American culture, African Americans have not been able to offer culturally specific architectural elements to the design process because the history of African American form and space has not been recognized ...

Sass, Lawrence

1994-01-01

67

The College: Arts & Sciences African & African-American Studies  

E-print Network

Size: 25 Description: Applicable English Cluster: American and African-American Studies. This courseThe College: Arts & Sciences African & African-American Studies Department: African & African-American for the course description. Department: African & African-American Studies Course: AAS 122 Title: History of Jazz

Mahon, Bradford Z.

68

A Qualitative Analysis of Teachers' and Counselors' Perceptions of the Overrepresentation of African Americans in Special Education: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors investigate the perceptions of general educators, special educators, and school counselors on the topic of overrepresentation of minorities (specifically, African American) in special education programs. The study took place in a rural school district in south central Alabama, where overrepresentation of African American

Shippen, Margaret E.; Curtis, Rebecca; Miller, Alan

2009-01-01

69

Coccidioidomycosis in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Coccidioidomycosis is caused by Coccidioides species, a fungus endemic to the desert regions of the southwestern United States, and is of particular concern for African Americans. We performed a PubMed search of the English-language medical literature on coccidioidomycosis in African Americans and summarized the pertinent literature. Search terms were coccidioidomycosis, Coccidioides, race, ethnicity, African, black, and Negro. The proceedings of the national and international coccidioidomycosis symposia were searched. All relevant articles and their cited references were reviewed; those with epidemiological, immunologic, clinical, and therapeutic data pertaining to coccidioidomycosis in African Americans were included in the review. Numerous studies documented an increased predilection for severe coccidioidal infections, coccidioidomycosis-related hospitalizations, and extrapulmonary dissemination in persons of African descent; however, most of the published studies are variably problematic. The immunologic mechanism for this predilection is unclear. The clinical features and treatment recommendations are summarized. Medical practitioners need to be alert to the possibility of coccidioidomycosis in persons with recent travel to or residence in an area where the disease is endemic. PMID:21193657

Ruddy, Barbara E.; Mayer, Anita P.; Ko, Marcia G.; Labonte, Helene R.; Borovansky, Jill A.; Boroff, Erika S.; Blair, Janis E.

2011-01-01

70

Teaching Experiences of African American Educators in the Rural South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A scarcity of research exists regarding the voices of African American teachers who taught in the rural South. In this study, we report the life experiences, perceptions, thoughts, and feelings of three female African American educators as they pertain to their experiences teaching before, during, and after desegregation. Three female African

Polidore, Ellene; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2010-01-01

71

African American Students in a Middle Income, Urban School District: Five Successful Secondary Teachers’ Beliefs and Practices  

E-print Network

their beliefs and practices when they effectively provide learning opportunities for African American students in their classrooms. Ethic of Care and Equity Pedagogy created the theoretical framework for interpretation of the powerful narratives and counter...

Williams Jefferson, Rhonique Lia

2013-12-03

72

Mental Health: African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... effectiveness of treatment for these communities. Cultural Issues Culture, which is understood to be a combination of common heritage beliefs, values and rituals are an important aspect of racial and ethnic communities. African Americans are a resilient people who have withstood enslavement ...

73

African Americans and Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the opportunities available in the field of agriculture for African American students and notes efforts of the 136 colleges of agriculture to publicize their offerings and recruit students. Profiles six black leaders in agriculture, highlighting their achievements in research and aid to developing countries. A table provides data on annual…

Morgan, Joan

2000-01-01

74

Gifted African American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes factors affecting the life-span achievement of 15 highly accomplished African-American women. Participants perceived that civil-rights and affirmative-action polices opened doors if they were already qualified. Findings suggest cultural strengths plus high ability enabled simultaneous acknowledgment of discrimination and application of…

Kitano, Margie K.

1998-01-01

75

Health Conditions Common in African American Women  

MedlinePLUS

... Submit Home > Minority Women's Health > African-Americans Minority Women's Health African-Americans Health conditions common in African- ... to top Health conditions common in African-American women Asthma Breast cancer Cancer Cervical cancer Diabetes Glaucoma ...

76

AFRICAN AMERICAN IDENTITY COURSE SYLLABUS  

E-print Network

AFRICAN AMERICAN IDENTITY COURSE SYLLABUS Fall 2009 COURSE INFORMATION a. Course Number: AAS 372- American Culture, New York, BasicCivitas Books, 2002 McWhorter, John, Authentically Black: Essays and illuminate the multifaceted nature and development of African American group and individual identity. Using

Vonessen, Nikolaus

77

African American Teachers in Suburban Desegregated Schools: Intergroup Differences and the Impact of Performance Pressures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: There is much literature that examines how the desegregation literature had implications for majority teachers and its impact on students of color. However, little has been written about the experiences of teachers of color working in suburban desegregated majority schools. Focus of Study: This article examines how intergroup…

Mabokela, Reitumetse Obakeng; Madsen, Jean A.

2007-01-01

78

Elementary Special Education Teachers' Cultural Awareness and Beliefs In One Urban School District Regarding African American Learners  

E-print Network

for many or most students with disabilities to regular classroom teachers. In addition, the Americans with Disabilities Act,1990 (ADA), and Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act prohibited discrimination against disabled persons and required employers... for many or most students with disabilities to regular classroom teachers. In addition, the Americans with Disabilities Act,1990 (ADA), and Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act prohibited discrimination against disabled persons and required employers...

Willis, Janet

2012-02-14

79

Engaging African American Males in Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By selecting appropriate reading materials, teachers can engage African American adolescent males with text, particularly students who have not mastered the skills, strategies, and knowledge that will lead to positive life outcomes. This approach takes into account students' four literacy needs--academic, cultural, emotional, and social--and…

Tatum, Alfred W.

2006-01-01

80

How African American Parents Understand Their and Teachers' Roles in Children's Schooling and What This Means for Preparing Preservice Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preservice teachers are socialized by their own raced, classed, and gendered experiences to expect "caring parents" to behave and contribute in certain ways to their children's schooling. Preservice teachers who come from widely divergent backgrounds from the communities in which they serve can sometimes be skeptical of parents who are not…

Doucet, Fabienne

2008-01-01

81

How African American Parents Understand Their and Teachers' Roles in Children's Schooling and What this Means for Preparing Preservice Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preservice teachers are socialized by their own raced, classed, and gendered experiences to expect “caring parents” to behave and contribute in certain ways to their children's schooling. Preservice teachers who come from widely divergent backgrounds from the communities in which they serve can sometimes be skeptical of parents who are not involved in children's schooling in ways that are familiar

Fabienne Doucet

2008-01-01

82

LESSONS FROM THE SEGREGATED CLASSROOM: AN ORAL HISTORY OF THE EXPERIENCES AND PRACTICES OF THREE RETIRED AFRICAN AMERICAN TEACHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the very beginning of this nation's history, race has played a major role in the educational opportunities awarded to minorities. And although it has been fifty years since schools were mandated by the U.S Supreme Court to desegregate, discussions about race and culture in the classroom continue to generate controversy and discomfort for many African Americans. In fact, issues

SAUNDRA MCKOY

83

Race, Remembering, and Jim Crow's Teachers. Studies in African American History and Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores a profoundly negative narrative about legally segregated schools in the United States being "inherently inferior" compared to their white counterparts. However, there are overwhelmingly positive counter-memories of these schools as "good and valued" among former students, teachers, and community members. Using interview data…

Kelly, Hilton

2012-01-01

84

Africans and African Americans: Conflicts, Stereotypes and Grudges  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research focuses critically on the relationship between African immigrants and African Americans in the United States. It examines stereotypes, conflicts and grudges between the two groups and how they impact their co-existence and adaptation to each other. Most African Americans are descendants of enslaved Africans that were transported to the US during the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Since African Americans

Foday Darboe; E. Kofi Agorshah; Faculty Mentor

85

african-american studies 142AC african-american studies 156AC african-american studies 158 african-american stud-ies 173AC african-american studies 27AC african-american studies 28AC american studies 101AC american studies  

E-print Network

african-american studies 142AC · african-american studies 156AC · african-american studies 158 · african-american stud- ies 173AC · african-american studies 27AC · african-american studies 28AC · american studies 101AC · american studies 10AC · american studies 139AC · anthropology 121AC · anthropology

Walker, Matthew P.

86

Selection Process for Third and Fourth Grade African American Gifted and Talented: A Case Study in One Urban School District  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to examine teacher perceptions of third and fourth grade African American students who might be selected for the gifted and talented program. It is the first study concerning teachers’ perceptions of African American...

Brazile, Ruth Delories

2011-10-21

87

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African American,…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

88

Teacher Education and African American Males: Deconstructing Pathways from the Schoolhouse to the "Big House"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the author focuses on the exclusionary school and societal practices that route American males from schools to juvenile detention and adult prisons. Well documented are the linkages between these practices and dropping out or early school leaving. Leaving school without a diploma sets youth on a trajectory toward incarceration.…

Townsend Walker, Brenda L.

2012-01-01

89

African-Americans and Alcoholism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To better serve people in a counseling relationship, it is useful to understand them not only culturally, but demographically as well. This paper traces historical, religious, demographic aspects and treatment of alcohol abuse in African Americans. Historically, alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence have varied for African Americans. During the…

Sigmon, Scott B.

90

African-American Male Stereotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

As evidenced by the last presidential campaign, the African-American male continues to be the subject of extensive stereotyping. Such stereotypes are pervasive. Reinforced by media images, the stereotypes of the African-American male as a sex crazed beast with a penchant for violence aimed at the European-American community is an obstacle to social work in a multicultural society. Individual practitioners may

Ronald E. Hall

1992-01-01

91

African Perceptions of Americans of African and European Descent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the stereotyping of African and European Americans have relied almost exclusively on American samples. This study was a cross-cultural attempt to evaluate the generalizability of findings from this research. Two hundred ninety citizens of six African nations (Botswana, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) reported stereotypes of African Americans and European Americans by responding to pairs of

Francis T. McAndrew; Adebowale Akande

1995-01-01

92

Alzheimer's Disease and African Americans  

E-print Network

medication and diet Managing diabetes with diet, . Memory loss that disrupts daily life 2. Challenges in planning or solving problems 3. Difficulty relate to high blood pressure and diabetes, which are more common in older African Americans than older

93

Elder Abuse Among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perceptions of extreme, moderate, and mild forms of elder abuse among African-American women (n = 25) and men (n = 10) were examined. African-American respondents emphasized physical abuse when giving examples of extremely abusive behavior. Along with physical abuse, verbal abuse was the most frequently identified form of abuse, and was significantly related to age in complex ways: the older the respondents, the more

Jesse J. Tauriac; Natoschia Scruggs

2006-01-01

94

Missing Voices: African American School Psychologists' Perspectives on Increasing Professional Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the mid 1960s, there has been a noticeable decrease in the percentage of African American educators. Although a sizeable literature is dedicated to understanding how to recruit African American teachers, fewer studies focus on recruiting and retaining African American school psychologists. Therefore, this exploratory qualitative study…

Proctor, Sherrie L.; Truscott, Stephen D.

2013-01-01

95

English 221 African-American  

E-print Network

English 221 African-American Literature CRN 19106, 4 credits, MWF 1000-1050 Meets Bac Core Requirements: Literature and the Arts How has literature responded to and participated in struggles for racial justice throughout American history? How can texts help us to under- stand how categories of race, gender

Escher, Christine

96

Physical Discipline among African American and European American Mothers: Links to Children's Externalizing Behaviors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

European- and African-American mothers reported their use of physical discipline with their children. Mothers, teachers, and peers rated the children's externalizing problems annually from kindergarten through grade 3. Found that physical discipline was associated with higher teacher- and peer-rated externalizing scores for European-American

Deater-Deckard, Kirby; And Others

1996-01-01

97

Technical Consulting: The African-American Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The qualitative research study explored the organizational characteristics necessary in addressing the low concentration of African American technical consultants employed in the information technology industry. Using research participants' professional experience, participants responded to a developed questionnaire. African American technical…

Whitfield, Tracy N.

2010-01-01

98

Heart Healthy Home Cooking African American Style  

E-print Network

Heart Healthy Home Cooking African American Style With Every Heartbeat Is Life #12;#12;Heart Recipe Substitutions for Heart Healthy Cooking at the heart of African American family life and special celebrations. This recipe book brings together many

Bandettini, Peter A.

99

African American Preschoolers' Language, Emergent Literacy Skills, and Use of African American English: A Complex Relation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examined the relation between African American preschoolers' use of African American English (AAE) and their language and emergent literacy skills in an effort to better understand the perplexing and persistent difficulties many African American children experience learning to read proficiently. Method: African American

Connor, Carol McDonald; Craig, Holly K.

2006-01-01

100

African American Preschoolers' Language, Emergent Literacy Skills, and Use of African American English: A Complex Relation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study examined the relation between African American preschoolers' use of African American English (AAE) and their language and emergent literacy skills in an effort to better understand the perplexing and persistent difficulties many African American children experience learning to read proficiently. Method: African American preschoolers' (n = 63) vocabulary skills were assessed in the fall and their language

Carol McDonald Connor; Holly K. Craig

2006-01-01

101

Engaging African Americans in Smoking Cessation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans are disproportionately exposed to and targeted by prosmoking advertisements, particularly menthol cigarette ads. Though African Americans begin smoking later than whites, they are less likely to quit smoking than whites. Purpose: This study was designed to explore African American smoking cessation attitudes,…

Wallen, Jacqueline; Randolph, Suzanne; Carter-Pokras, Olivia; Feldman, Robert; Kanamori-Nishimura, Mariano

2014-01-01

102

Freedom Road: Adult Education of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains six chapters by various authors about the history of African Americans' contributions and participation in adult education. The book reports on how some African American leaders saw the connection between education and the eventual freedom or uplift of the African American people. Following a foreword (Phyllis M. Cunningham) and…

Peterson, Elizabeth A., Ed.

103

African American Girls and the Challenges Ahead  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research on the psychosocial development of African American girls is limited. Information that is available focuses on teen pregnancy and health issues such as nutrition and physical activity. African American girls are facing challenges, including poverty, crime, poor self-esteem, and peer pressure. Despite some of the negative characteristics attributed to African American girls, many are achieving some success. Policy

Judith L. Rozie-Battle

2002-01-01

104

Complex Syntax Production of African American Preschoolers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined changes in the complex syntax production of 85 African American preschoolers and the role of child (gender, age, African American English) and family (home environment) factors. Age, gender, and home environment effects were found for the amount of complex language used. African American English was not related to amount of…

Jackson, Sandra C.; Roberts, Joanne E.

2001-01-01

105

Beyond Parenting Practices: Extended Kinship Support and the Academic Adjustment of African-American and European-American Teens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined adolescents' perceptions of parenting practices and extended kinship support in relation to academic adjustment for 104 African American and 60 European American 9th and 10th graders (14 and 15 year olds). For African-American teens, parental acceptance was associated with school values, teacher bonding, and work orientation.…

Pallock, Linda L.; Lamborn, Susie D.

2006-01-01

106

The Significance of African American Male Social Skills: Students with and without Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A disproportionately high number of minority students are referred by general education teachers for placement in special education. Teacher perception of social skills and problem behaviors of African American male students with and without identified disabling conditions was studied with 44 African American urban male students in grades 3, 4,…

Butler, Douglas M.

107

African American High School Students and Variability in Behavior across Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many African American adolescents who enter high school with low achievement are at-risk for being perceived as defiant and uncooperative by their classroom teachers. This generalized view of risk, however, offers little understanding of the differentiated behavior these students have with their teachers. The study followed 35 African American

Gregory, Anne; Thompson, Aisha R.

2010-01-01

108

Wellness among African American Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there are various definitions of wellness, few conceptual definitions have addressed the contextual dimensions of wellness relative to African American counselors. The authors present an overview of generic models of wellness, discuss factors that both inhibit and promote wellness, offer some culture-specific models of wellness, and…

Day-Vines, Norma L.; Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl

2007-01-01

109

Classic African American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to assert that there are classic African American children's books and to identify a sampling of them. The author presents multiple definitions of the term classic based on the responses of children's literature experts and relevant scholarship. Next, the manner in which data were collected and analyzed in regard to…

McNair, Jonda C.

2010-01-01

110

A case study of the voices of African American teachers in two Texas communities before and after desegregation, 1954 to 1975  

E-print Network

This qualitative study explored the experiences of African American educators who worked in two communities in Texas during the years 1954 to 1975. The goal was to document the educators’ perceptions of teaching in segregated schools...

Standish, Hilary A.

2009-05-15

111

Varieties of Relevant Approaches for Teaching African-American Literature in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher of Black American literature may be overwhelmed by the amount of material that should be covered. Black American literature has origins in African, European, American Indian, and Black American features. Students should be able to read works of Black American literature that show how other people feel. A complete course can give students…

Anderson, Edward

112

Urban Special Education Teachers' Perception of African American Students as Measured by the Cultural Awareness Beliefs Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, this study examined the relationship between the perceptions of special education teachers and the eight factors (Teacher Beliefs, School climate, Culturally responsive Classroom Management, Home and Community Support, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum and Instruction, Cultural Sensitivity and Teacher

Jackson, Dianna Dale

2010-01-01

113

The Level of Burnout amongst African American Student Teachers Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities: Tennessee State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to measure the perceived levels of burnout among student teachers attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities, but for this study Tennessee State University. Within in the last 20 years the attrition rate of teachers has increased. Over 20% of teachers quit or change roles within the profession after the first year of teaching. These

Christopher D Brooks

2012-01-01

114

The historical progression and current condition of African American education in Maury County, Tennessee from slavery until 1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to chronicle and evaluate the historical progression of education for African Americans in Maury County from slavery until 1998. A brief historical sketch of African American education in the South was chronicled and several methodologies were utilized to determine the current condition of African American students and teachers in Maury County. ^ The historical

Joe Patrick Cornelius

1999-01-01

115

Using Call-and-Response To Facilitate Language Mastery and Literacy Acquisition among African American Students. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite three decades of research on African American English (AAE), educational workshops aimed at improving the academic achievement, particularly the literacy achievement, of African American students still emphasize differences between Standard English and African American English. One result is that teachers may overlook the linguistic…

Foster, Michele

116

Illinois Secondary Principals' Perceptions and Expectations Concerning Students Who Use African American Vernacular English in an Academic Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates principals’ individual and aggregate perceptions of and expectations for students who use African American Vernacular English. Using the African American English Teacher Attitude Scale (AAETAS), the study seeks to describe the relationship between principals’ demographic characteristics and their perceptions of African American Vernacular English. The study uses raw scores from the AAETAS instrument created by Hoover, McNair-Knox,

Garrard Overton McClendon

2010-01-01

117

Cultural Expressions of the African American Child.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interpretations of the differences between the African American child and the Caucasian child in North America follow two major trends. In one the differences in the African American child are viewed as deviance from the Euro-American norm and therefore inferior or pathological. In the other, the differences are viewed as deviant but adaptive…

Akbar, Na'im

118

The portrayal of African American women in rap music video  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the portrayal of African American women in African American dominated rap music videos for the presence of African American female sex role stereotypes. The literature review included an historical overview tracing African American female stereotypes in American media utilizing an Africentric Feminist ideology. The review detailed descriptions and origins of stereotypes related to negative characterizations of African

Darnell Anderson

1999-01-01

119

Some African American Males' Perspectives on the Black Woman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents views of Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Malcolm X, and James Hal Cone (African-American male leaders) toward African-American women in the United States. Discusses the role of African-American men in addressing and eradicating sexism in African-American churches and the African-American community. (SLD)

Burrow, Rufus, Jr.

1992-01-01

120

AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION & BYLAWS  

E-print Network

AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION & BYLAWS Date: May 22, 2012 African-American Affinity Group #12;AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION - 2 - Revised and accepted is the "African -American Affinity Group" (AAAG). ARTICLE II ďż˝ MISSION SECTION 1 The African-American Affinity

121

The Genetic Structure and History of Africans and African Americans  

PubMed Central

Africa is the source of all modern humans, but characterization of genetic variation and of relationships among populations across the continent has been enigmatic. We studied 121 African populations, four African American populations, and 60 non-African populations for patterns of variation at 1327 nuclear microsatellite and insertion/deletion markers. We identified 14 ancestral population clusters in Africa that correlate with self-described ethnicity and shared cultural and/or linguistic properties. We observed high levels of mixed ancestry in most populations, reflecting historical migration events across the continent. Our data also provide evidence for shared ancestry among geographically diverse hunter-gatherer populations (Khoesan speakers and Pygmies). The ancestry of African Americans is predominantly from Niger-Kordofanian (~71%), European (~13%), and other African (~8%) populations, although admixture levels varied considerably among individuals. This study helps tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans, aiding both anthropological and genetic epidemiologic studies. PMID:19407144

Tishkoff, Sarah A.; Reed, Floyd A.; Friedlaender, Francoise R.; Ehret, Christopher; Ranciaro, Alessia; Froment, Alain; Hirbo, Jibril B.; Awomoyi, Agnes A.; Bodo, Jean-Marie; Doumbo, Ogobara; Ibrahim, Muntaser; Juma, Abdalla T.; Kotze, Maritha J.; Lema, Godfrey; Moore, Jason H.; Mortensen, Holly; Nyambo, Thomas B.; Omar, Sabah A.; Powell, Kweli; Pretorius, Gideon S.; Smith, Michael W.; Thera, Mahamadou A.; Wambebe, Charles; Weber, James L.; Williams, Scott M.

2010-01-01

122

The African-American house as a vehicle of discovery for an African-American architecture  

E-print Network

The purpose of this research is three-fold: (1) This thesis seeks to uncover evidence of a distinctly African-American architectural form. The primary building type observed will be the house, or the housing of African-Americans ...

Clarke, Charles E. (Charles Edward)

1996-01-01

123

Social support unique to African American mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was the identification of the cultural postpartum prevention practices of African American families.\\u000a Using qualitative methods, 30 postpartum African American mothers were assessed for their degree of acculturation into the\\u000a Anglo-American culture. The mothers were interviewed to ascertain their postpartum depression prevention practices. Degree\\u000a of acculturation was ascertained using the Landrine & Klonoff (1995) African

Doris Noel Ugarriza

2006-01-01

124

Cradle to third life: An autobiography of an African-American science educator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This inquiry used reflective autobiographical research to reveal my beliefs, values, and practices of science teaching by using participatory action research with two students of my science tutoring organization. Also, I conducted an ethnographic inquiry using African-American teachers to understand how my early schooling experiences influenced my beliefs, values, and science practices. I collected data for this inquiry from three African-American teachers through interview-conversation that were videotaped and audiotaped. In addition, I audiotaped two African-American students' tutoring practices along with students' and researcher's journals. The findings indicate that African-American teachers during the school years 1942-1954 used families, churches, and communities to secure teaching resources to provide equal education for their African-American students who received limited resources from the board of education. Also indicated was how African-American teachers instilled in their African-American students a level of motivation that remained with some African-American students for their future endeavors. This researcher's beliefs/values similar to those of her segregated teachers emerged from this action research. Researcher's additional beliefs/values arose out of emerging technologies in teaching science. However, I, as the researcher, believe that the origin of my beliefs/values occurred during those segregated, public school experiences at Monitor Schools during the school years 1942-1954.

Caruthers-Jackson, Sarah

125

Learning While Black: Creating Educational Excellence for African American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book critiques existing initiatives for improving the education of African American children, maintaining that the current focus of school reform movements (teacher training and testing, child testing, child retention, and one-size-fits-all models of parent involvement) are not very useful. It argues that the model for creating educational…

Hale, Janice E.

126

What's So Special about Special Education? A Critical Study of White General Education Teachers' Perceptions Regarding the Referrals of African American Students for Special Education Services  

E-print Network

, it was discovered that there racism traveled the path of a referral for special education placement in order to relieve them from accountability for teaching these students. Deficit thinking, cultural incompetency, and a lack of culturally responsive pedagogy... public schools in 1954, overt racism and bias in schools have been subtly altered to more covert methods of racism (Blanchett et al., 2005). Widening achievement gaps between White students and African American students, increased referrals of African...

Alexander, Dustyn R.

2010-01-16

127

AAS 372: African American Identity Guidelines for Writing Assignments  

E-print Network

African American cultures; identity issues of "mixed-race" people; the effect of media stereotypes aboutAAS 372: African American Identity Guidelines for Writing Assignments General Overview African Americans on their identity; reasons why mos

Vonessen, Nikolaus

128

Cultural aspects of African American eating patterns.  

PubMed

The high mortality from diet-related diseases among African Americans strongly suggests a need to adopt diets lower in total fat, saturated fat and salt and higher in fiber. However, such changes would be contrary to some traditional African American cultural practices. Focus group interviews were used to explore cultural aspects of eating patterns among low- and middle-income African Americans recruited from an urban community in Pennsylvania. In total, 21 males and 32 females, aged 13-65+ years were recruited using a networking technique. Participants identified eating practices commonly attributed to African Americans and felt that these were largely independent of socioeconomic status. They were uncertain about links between African American eating patterns and African origins but clear about influences of slavery and economic disadvantage. The perception that African American food patterns were characteristically adaptive to external conditions, suggest that, for effective dietary change in African American communities, changes in the food availability will need to precede or take place in parallel with changes recommended to individuals. Cultural attitudes about where and with whom food is eaten emerged as being equivalent in importance to attitudes about specific foods. These findings emphasize the importance of continued efforts to identify ways to increase the relevance of cultural context and meanings in dietary counseling so that health and nutrition interventions are anchored in values as perceived, in this case, by African Americans. PMID:9395569

Airhihenbuwa, C O; Kumanyika, S; Agurs, T D; Lowe, A; Saunders, D; Morssink, C B

1996-09-01

129

African American Evaluations of Black English and Standard American English  

Microsoft Academic Search

AfricanAmerican undergraduates evaluated two language guises: BlackEnglish and Standard American English. The speaker in these guises described activities in a weekend (informal) and in a business (formal) setting. Based on their scores on the African Self-Consciousness Scale, 55 respondents were categorized as having either a low or high commitment to an African American identity. Results showed that persons without a

Michael J. White; Beverly J. Vandiver; Maria L. Becker; Belinda G. Overstreet; Linda E. Temple; Kelly L. Hagan; Emily P. Mandelbaum

1998-01-01

130

Environmental health and African Americans.  

PubMed Central

As environmental health has taken on immensely increased significance in the prevention of disease, dysfunction, and premature death, its boundaries have been anything but stable. This instability, along with a multitude of demographic, social, and economic currents, have brought into stark relief the increasing demand for scientists who have the skills and knowledge to perform environmental risk assessment and implement effective risk management policies and services. Despite this demand far too few African Americans want, or are prepared, to pursue careers in sciences. This paper describes efforts to address this problem and suggests why such initiatives may not yield the desired results. PMID:1951793

Walker, B

1991-01-01

131

Examining the Perceptions of Urban African American Elementary Teachers: The Implementation of Culturally Responsive Materials Into the Classroom  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between urban teachers’ perceptions and their implementation of culturally responsive materials into the classroom. Specifically, this study examined the influences of age, years of teaching...

Hicks, Johnetta

2012-02-14

132

Pride, Heritage, and Self-Worth: Keys to African-American Male Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young African American males' role models are those in the entertainment and sports arenas. Few see themselves as scholars, contributing to the common good. To counteract teachers' low expectations of black males' performance, educators at Benjamin Tasker Middle School in Bowie, Maryland, established African-American Achievers, a program that…

White-Hood, Marian

1994-01-01

133

Fostering an Ethic of Care in Leadership: A Conversation with Five African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a qualitative, exploratory, multicase study that examines the leadership of five educational administrators and teachers serving students of various levels. This study addresses the following questions: How do African American women leaders’ experiences with intersectionality (race, class, and gender) inform an ethic of care in responding to social injustices within the educational system? How do African American

Lisa Bass

2009-01-01

134

The discipline gap and African Americans: Defiance or cooperation in the high school classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans are over-represented in school suspensions, yet little is known about the underlying contributing dynamics. Study 1 reviewed a high school's annual discipline data and 442 students referred for defiance. African Americans were over-represented in referrals for defiance and most students received referrals from one or several teachers. This suggests that defiance referrals are specific to the classroom situation.

Anne Gregory; Rhona S. Weinstein

2008-01-01

135

Teaching Democracy Before Brown: Civic Education in Georgia's African American Schools, 1930–1954  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the history of civic education in United States has rarely reflected the perspectives of African American teachers and students. Through analysis of archival data, I document how African American educators in one Southern state reported teaching civic values to students in a racially segregated society before the modern Civil Rights era. These efforts occurred in spite of the

2007-01-01

136

Effects of Schools Attuned on Special Education Referrals for African American Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the number of special education referrals for African American boys before and after the implementation of the training program, "Schools Attuned". The purpose of the research was to ascertain if the number of special education referrals for African American boys generated in schools with teachers trained in "Schools Attuned"…

Rodriguez, Andrea B.

2010-01-01

137

Bidialectal African American Adolescents' Beliefs about Spoken Language Expectations in English Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the perspectives of bidialectal African American adolescents--adolescents who speak both African American Vernacular English (AAVE) and Standard English--on spoken language expectations in their English classes. Previous research has demonstrated that many teachers hold negative views of AAVE, but existing scholarship has…

Godley, Amanda; Escher, Allison

2012-01-01

138

Examining the Overrepresentation of African-American Males in Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review focuses on the overrepresentation of African-American males in special education. The most prevalent factors that contribute to this epidemic are poverty and the perceptions of teachers, their attitudes towards African-American men and the lack of their cultural understandings. Not only does this literature review focus on…

Bush-Daniels, Shallonda

2008-01-01

139

African Americans in the Early Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses five topics on African Americans that are essential to studying United States History in the years between 1760 and 1830: (1) African Americans in the Revolutionary War ; (2) the rise of free black communities; (3) early abolitionism; (4) the spread of slavery; and (5) black resistance to slavery. (CMK)

Nash, Gary B.

2000-01-01

140

African Americans and the Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly outlines the ways race and technology shaped: (1) the early enslavement of African Americans; (2) the work of bondsmen and women during the antebellum era; and (3) the increasing urbanization of the African American population during the industrial age. (CMK)

Trotter, Joe William, Jr.

2000-01-01

141

African American Art: A Los Angeles Legacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum unit focuses on the importance of Los Angeles (California) as a center for African American art and shows how African American artists have developed their own styles and how critics and collectors have encouraged them. The unit consists of four lessons, each of which can stand alone or be used in conjunction with the others. It…

Walker, Harriet

142

Educating African American Males: A Dream Deferred.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents recommendations of the Milwaukee (Wisconsin) African American Male Task Force (MAAMTF), which reviewed from January through April of 1990 current educational efforts and recommended strategies by which schools could better address African American males' needs. The MAAMTF recommendations are to be implemented in two phases.…

Milwaukee Public Schools, WI.

143

Transcript African Americans and Lung Cancer  

Cancer.gov

Transcript African Americans and Lung Cancer Hello. I’m Dr. Christopher Lathan of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Of all ethnic/racial and gender groups in the United States, African American men are the most likely to develop lung cancer and also to die

144

African-American Literature for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of African-American literature for young people. Describes the setbacks resulting from cutbacks of federal funds for schools and libraries, as publishers cut back on materials they did not consider marketable. Suggests bibliographic resources for discovering works for children by or about African Americans. (DK)

Drew, Margaret A.

1992-01-01

145

African American Undergraduates and the Academic Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the academic library experiences of African American undergraduates attending a research university in the Midwest. Data collection techniques included questionnaires and ethnographic observations. The results indicated that African American undergraduates are using the academic library primarily to read and to study with their…

Whitmire, Ethelene

2006-01-01

146

Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

2009-01-01

147

Autism and the African American community.  

PubMed

It is estimated that autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect 1 in 500 live births per year. However, due to varying techniques for diagnosis and treatment, the disability remains the subject of debate. African Americans tend to suffer disproportionate rates of disability and disease when compared to other racial and ethnic groups due to access to preventative and curative care. However, evidence demonstrates that although rates of diagnosis for autism occur at the same rates in all racial groups, diagnosis in African American children occurs later than in White children. As a result, African American children may require longer and more intensive intervention. This article examines the etiology of autism, diagnosis, and treatment strategies and its impact on African American families. A case method approach is utilized to describe the impact of autism on an African American family. Implications for future research and professional practice and policy are discussed. Understanding autism is important as it relates to the human genome. PMID:21707353

Gourdine, Ruby M; Baffour, Tiffany D; Teasley, Martell

2011-01-01

148

African Americans and the medical establishment.  

PubMed

The African American community's response to the AIDS epidemic has reflected the profound mistrust of the medical establishment which many African Americans feel. Among African Americans, the belief that the epidemic originated in a genocidal plot is widespread. It is thought that organized medicine has been significantly involved in this plot. If we look at African Americans' historical relationship to the medical establishment from the era of slavery to the recent past, the suspicious attitudes which make such beliefs possible can be seen as an intelligible response to a new disease which disproportionately affects African Americans. Successful medical and public health responses to the epidemic have depended and will continue to depend upon overcoming the historical legacy of suspicion and gaining the trust of the community. PMID:10477485

Smith, C

1999-09-01

149

HMO employment and African-American physicians.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To assess the level and determinants of African-American physicians' employment in health maintenance organizations (HMOs), particularly early in their careers. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 1991 and 1996 Young Physicians Surveys to assess racial differences in the likelihood of HMO employment (n = 3,705). Using multinomial logistic regression, we evaluated four explanations for an observed relationship between African-American physicians and HMO employment: human capital stratification among organizations, race-based affinity between physicians and patients, financial constraints due to debt burden, and different organizational hiring practices. Using binomial logistic regression, we also evaluated differences in the odds of being turned down for a prior practice position, of subsequently leaving the current practice organization and of later having career doubts. RESULTS: Without any controls, African-American physicians were 4.52 times more likely to practice in HMOs than Caucasian physicians. After controlling for human capital stratification, racial concordance and financial constraints, African-American physicians remained 2.48 times more likely to practice in HMOs than Caucasian physicians. In addition, 19.2% of African-American physicians in HMOs reported being turned down for another job, far more than any other racial/ethnic group in the HMO setting and any racial/ethnic group, including African-American physicians in the non-HMO setting (including all other practice locations). Five years later, those same African-American physicians from HMOs also reported significantly more turnover (7.50 times more likely than non-HMO African-American physicians to leave their current practice) and doubt about their careers (2.17 times more likely than non-HMO African-American physicians to express serious career doubts). CONCLUSIONS: African-American physicians were disproportionately hired into HMO settings, impacting their subsequent careers. PMID:16916130

Briscoe, Forrest; Konrad, Thomas R.

2006-01-01

150

African-Americans and serial homicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

African-Americans are usually over-represented among offenders arrested in “normal” homicide cases, making up a considerably\\u000a larger proportion than would be expected from the Black presence in the population at large. Among serial murderers, however,\\u000a African-Americans are much less in evidence—perhaps one-fifth or less of known American serial killers are Black. It may be\\u000a that African-Americans are in fact less involved

Philip Jenkins

1993-01-01

151

Misconceptions of depression in african americans.  

PubMed

Major depression is a very common disabling disorder. Although the relationship between race and depression is complex, depression affects all races, all ethnic and geographic locations as well as all age groups. The prevalence of depression in African Americans is controversial, due to the paucity of research. The deficit in the knowledge and skills in treating depression in African Americans have not been adequately addressed so far. Inadequate and insufficient data on African Americans contributes to the problems of under diagnoses, misdiagnosis, and under treatment of depression. This article will highlight the existing problem of depression in Afro American with a focus on diagnostic and treatment issues. PMID:24999332

Sohail, Zohaib; Bailey, Rahn Kennedy; Richie, William D

2014-01-01

152

Misconceptions of Depression in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Major depression is a very common disabling disorder. Although the relationship between race and depression is complex, depression affects all races, all ethnic and geographic locations as well as all age groups. The prevalence of depression in African Americans is controversial, due to the paucity of research. The deficit in the knowledge and skills in treating depression in African Americans have not been adequately addressed so far. Inadequate and insufficient data on African Americans contributes to the problems of under diagnoses, misdiagnosis, and under treatment of depression. This article will highlight the existing problem of depression in Afro American with a focus on diagnostic and treatment issues. PMID:24999332

Sohail, Zohaib; Bailey, Rahn Kennedy; Richie, William D.

2014-01-01

153

African-American Vernacular English: Ethics, Ideology, and Pedagogy in the Conflict between Identity and Power.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critically examines assumptions in teaching in a bi-dialectal context. Presents ethnographic data from one teacher's experience teaching a summer course in Shakespearean theater in which the students were speakers of African-American English. (Author/VWL)

Filmer, Alice Ashton

2003-01-01

154

Help-Seeking Experiences and Attitudes among African American, Asian American, and European American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined African American, Asian American, and European American college students' previous direct and indirect experiences of seeking professional psychological services and related attitudes. Survey data were collected from 254 European American, 182 African American and 82 Asian American college students. Results revealed that fewer…

Masuda, Akihiko; Anderson, Page L.; Twohig, Michael P.; Feinstein, Amanda B.; Chou, Ying-Yi; Wendell, Johanna W.; Stormo, Analia R.

2009-01-01

155

Connecting Past, Present and Future: How African American Teacher Candidates' School Experiences Inform Their Motivations to Teach, Educational Philosophies, and Identities as Future Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The stories of students and teacher candidates of Color hold powerful lessons and tremendous insight for educational reform efforts. Yet, rarely do educators and policymakers solicit or critically engage the educational narratives of students of Color. Indeed, despite resurgence in a four-decade long conversation regarding the shortage of teachers

Wilson, Brandy

2012-01-01

156

Womanist Therapy with African American Women with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American women are at increased risk for disabilities. There is very little information available, however, regarding psychological interventions with African American women with disabilities. The purpose of this article is to discuss psychological intervention in working with African American women with acquired disabilities from a womanist perspective. Themes and interventions will be discussed. Recommendations for working with African American

Nina A. Nabors; Melanie F. Pettee

2003-01-01

157

Fatigue Severity among African Americans: Gender and Age Interactions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between fatigue, age, and gender among African Americans, Caucasians, and Latinos. Survey results found significant age and gender interactions among African Americans and Caucasians. African American women and older African American men had the highest fatigue rates. There was no significant difference in levels of…

Song, Sharon; Jason, Leonard A.; Taylor, Renee R.; Torres-Harding, Susan R.; Helgerson, Jena; Witter, Elizabeth

2002-01-01

158

African Americans and the Spanish-American War and Philippine Insurrection: Military Participation, Recognition, and Memory, 1898-1904  

E-print Network

African Americans he was challenging racial stereotypes thatAfrican American editors constantly fought against prejudicial stereotypes.stereotypes reinforced many whites’ negative opinions about African Americans,

Russell, Timothy Dale

2013-01-01

159

Discussing cancer: communication with African Americans.  

PubMed

Regular screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) facilitates earlier detection, lowers mortality, and may reduce incidence through detection and removal of pre-cancerous polyps. Optimizing health professional delivery of CRC screening information and recommendations can assist in reducing CRC disparity in the African-American community. This article presents qualitative data on African Americans' attitudes about health professional CRC communications based on the analysis of focus groups (N = 79). Using a social-ecological framework, colorectal cancer and professional communication themes are examined to offer four general and nine cancer-specific theoretically based and culturally appropriate strategies for improving health professional cancer communication with African Americans. PMID:25050658

Caito, Nikki; Hood, Sula; Thompson, Vetta L Sanders

2014-01-01

160

AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS African-American Career World, http://www.eop.com/mags-AACW.php, is the  

E-print Network

AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS African-American Career World, http://www.eop.com/mags-AACW.php, is the recruitment link between students and professionals who are African American trends, and role-model profiles that target the African-American community. Black

Arnold, Jonathan

161

The effects of African-centered education on the achievement motivation of African American students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The education of African American students has been the subject of research and investigation for more than 50 years. As a result of historical practices, African American students have been subdued by academic apathy. Major discrepancies have been noted in academic achievement between African American and Caucasian students. This study compared achievement motivation of African American students who receive an

Jay B Marks

2005-01-01

162

African Americans: Diverse People, Diverse Career Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies the many subgroups within the African-American population and suggests guidelines for career counseling with different subcultures: rural and urban lower class, middle class, and underclass. (SK)

Kimbrough, Verna D.; Salomone, Paul R.

1993-01-01

163

Statistical Profile of Older African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... with non-relatives, and 39 percent lived alone. INCOME AND POVERTY Households containing families headed by African Americans age 65 and over reported a median income in 2012 of $40,348. The A Statistical ...

164

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans New Hanover Regional Medical Center Coastal Area Health Education Center University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of North Carolina at Wilmington Report given at the Program Steering Committee

165

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

MedlinePLUS

... 12 percent of the U.S. population. People experiencing homelessness are at a greater risk of developing a mental illness. • Nearly half of all prisoners in the United States are African American. Prison inmates ...

166

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans Update for RTOG in Miami Jan 20, 2006 Patrick D. Maguire, MD New Hanover Regional (NHRMC) Update for NHRMC January 20, 2006 I. Radiotherapy (RT) Clinical Trials II. Publications III. Partnership & Telesynergy IV. Patient

167

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans Update for RTOG in Tampa Feb 2, 2007 Patrick D. Maguire, MD New Hanover Regional (NHRMC) Update for NHRMC Feb 2, 2007 I. Radiotherapy (RT) Clinical Trials II. Publications III. Partnership & Telesynergy IV. Patient

168

African-Americans and HIV Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

African-Americans are significantly overrepresented among individuals with HIV\\/AIDS in the USA. This fact has been well documented\\u000a and publicized.1 It is much less well known that African-Americans are underrepresented in research on HIV\\/AIDS in the USA. A recent search\\u000a of publications listed on Medline revealed over 94,000 articles published between 1996 and July 2008 in the area of HIV-1\\u000a and

Kimberly Smith; William D. King

169

75 FR 6081 - National African American History Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...America A Proclamation In the centuries since African Americans first arrived on our shores, they have known the...the hope of progress, and the triumph of the American Dream. African American history is an essential thread of the...

2010-02-05

170

European American and African American Mothers' Emotion Socialization Practices Relate Differently to their Children's Academic and Social-Emotional Competence  

PubMed Central

The current study examines whether the relation between mothers’ responses to their children’s negative emotions and teachers’ reports of children’s academic performance and social-emotional competence are similar or different for European American and African American families. Two hundred mothers (137 European American, 63 African American) reported on their responses to their 5-year-old children’s negative emotions and 150 kindergarten teachers reported on these children’s current academic standing and skillfulness with peers. Problem-focused responses to children’s negative emotions, which have traditionally been considered a supportive response, were positively associated with children’s school competence for European American children, but expressive encouragement, another response considered supportive, was negatively associated with children’s competence for African American children. The findings highlight the need to examine parental socialization practices from a culturally-specific lens. PMID:23914076

Nelson, Jackie A.; Leerkes, Esther M.; Perry, Nicole B.; O'Brien, Marion; Calkins, Susan D.; Marcovitch, Stuart

2012-01-01

171

Black versus BlackThe Relationships among African, African American, and African Caribbean Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is based on a survey examining the relationships among continental African, African American, and African Caribbean persons. Relationships were explored in terms of contact and friendship, travel to countries of the diaspora, cross-cultural communications, thoughts and stereotypes, and education involving knowledge of the diaspora. The outcome of this survey points to the need for more Afrocentric education in

Jennifer V. Jackson; Mary E. Cothran

2003-01-01

172

Acute Coronary Syndrome in African Americans and Hispanic Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among African Americans and Hispanics in the United States, coronary heart disease (CHD) is highly prevalent and is the single\\u000a most frequent cause of myocardial infarction and death in that population [1]. However, multiple factors contribute to overall\\u000a poorer care and worse outcomes among African Americans and Hispanics when compared with whites. These factors include difference\\u000a in disease manifestation, socioeconomic

Tseday Sirak; Simbo Chiadika; Matthew Daka; Claude Simon

173

Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2009-01-01

174

Prosodic Rhythm and African American English  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prosodic rhythm was measured for a sample of 20 African American and 20 European American speakers from North Carolina using the metric devised by Low, Grabe, and Nolan (2000), which involves comparisons of the durations of vowels in adjacent syllables. In order to gain historical perspective, the same technique was applied to the ex-slave recordings described in Bailey, Maynor, and

Erik R. Thomas; Phillip M. Carter

2006-01-01

175

The Effects of African American Women's Sexual Revictimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a study of African American women's sexual revictimization experiences in the context of historical and sociocultural factors. African American and White American women have been socialized differently about the history of race in America and stereotypes about who meets the societal-criteria's for rape victims today. In order to better understand the cumulative impact of African American women's

Gail Elizabeth Wyatt; Cindy M. Notgrass; Gwen Gordon

1995-01-01

176

Dialect Leveling and /ai/ Monopthongization among African American Detroiters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents evidence that Detroit African Americans are participating in a recent sound change that is typically associated with some White but not African American varieties in the American South. Reports a leveling pattern in which /ai/ monothongization has expanded to the salient pre-voiceless context in Detroit African American English (AAE).…

Anderson, Bridget L.

2002-01-01

177

African American Portrayals i A i M i l Th tin American Musical Theatre  

E-print Network

African American Portrayals i A i M i l Th tin American Musical Theatre 1920's-1930's Darlene M Delano History 600 (Macieski) American History in Song #12;African American Portrayals in American RenaissanceEffect of the Harlem Renaissance Progress made to advance the African American experience

New Hampshire, University of

178

Examining Cultural Socialization Within African American and European American Households  

Microsoft Academic Search

This preliminary study explored the cultural socialization processes of 227 African American and European American parents of elementary schoolchildren. The Cultural Value Socialization Scales (K. M. Tyler, A. W. Boykin, C. M. Boelter, & M. L. Dillihunt, 2005) were used to garner parents' reports of their cultural value socialization activities at home. The scales contained written vignettes depicting persons involved

Kenneth M. Tyler; Monica L. Dillihunt; A. Wade Boykin; Sean T. Coleman; Darla M. Scott; Christina M. B. Tyler; Eric A. Hurley

2008-01-01

179

Are You at Risk for Oral Cancer? What African American Men Need to Know  

MedlinePLUS

... At Risk for Oral Cancer? What African American Men Need to Know Main Content Are African American ... do if you have symptoms? Are African American men at risk for oral cancer? Yes, African American ...

180

Experience-Centered Instruction as a Catalyst for Teaching Mathematics Effectively to African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this article are to describe the ways in which prospective teachers integrated the experiences of African American Students into their mathematics instruction and determine how the outcomes from prospective teachers' use of experience-centered instruction intersects with best practices In teaching mathematics. Tenets of…

Sheppard, Peter A.

2011-01-01

181

Social and Behavioral Differences among a Predominantly African American Preschool Sample.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the relationship between problem behaviors and social skill deficits in a predominantly African American sample of preschool children. Children were evaluated by their teachers using the Conners' Teacher Rating Scales-28, the ADHD Rating Scale, and the Social Skills Rating System. Implications of results regarding children at risk for…

Bain, Sherry K.; Pelletier, Kimberly A.

1999-01-01

182

Telling Their Side of the Story: African-American Students' Perceptions of Culturally Relevant Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined African American elementary school students' interpretations of culturally relevant teachers within urban contexts. Student responses indicated that culturally relevant teaching strategies had a positive effect on student effort and engagement in class content. Students preferred teachers who were caring, who established community- and…

Howard, Tyrone C.

2001-01-01

183

Culturally Responsive Assessment for African American Students with Learning and Behavioral Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inappropriate assessment procedures result in the misdiagnosis, misidentification, and misplacement of many African American students in special education. This article discusses poor teacher judgment, lack of cultural awareness among teachers, cultural discontinuity between home and school, and bias inherent in current tests used in special…

Kea, Cathy D.; Campbell-Whatley, Gloria D.; Bratton, Kenya

2003-01-01

184

Deconstructing Black History Month: Three African American Boys' Exploration of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every February, schools celebrate Black History Month and teachers teach the grand narrative of famous African Americans such as Martin Luther King, Jr. While the stories communicate bravery, they are also about racism and violence. Here, through narrative inquiry, a teacher deconstructs Black History Month, inviting student responses to stories…

Landa, Melissa Hare

2012-01-01

185

Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans.  

PubMed Central

Trichomonas vaginalis may be emerging as one of the most important cofactors in amplifying HIV transmission, particularly in African-American communities of the United States. In a person co-infected with HIV, the pathology induced by T. vaginalis infection can increase HIV shedding. Trichomonas infection may also act to expand the portal of entry for HIV in an HIV-negative person. Studies from Africa have suggested that T. vaginalis infection may increase the rate of HIV transmission by approximately twofold. Available data indicate that T. vaginalis is highly prevalent among African-Americans in major urban centers of the United States and is often the most common sexually transmitted infection in black women. Even if T. vaginalis increases the risk of HIV transmission by a small amount, this could translate into an important amplifying effect since Trichomonas is so common. Substantial HIV transmission may be attributable to T. vaginalis in African-American communities of the United States. PMID:11747718

Sorvillo, F.; Smith, L.; Kerndt, P.; Ash, L.

2001-01-01

186

The Influence of Cultural and Racial Identification on the Psychosocial Adjustment of Inner-City African American Children in School  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship and combined influence of racial identity and Africentric values on African American children's psychosocial adjustment. Participants were 104 (53 males, 51 females) African American fourth-grade students attending an inner-city public school in a northeastern city. Child and teacher ratings were used to assess the relationship between racial identity, Africentric values,

Duane E. Thomas; Tiffany G. Townsend; Faye Z. Belgrave

2003-01-01

187

Educating At-Risk Urban African American Children: The Effects of School Climate on Motivation and Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the processes relating school climate factors to student motivation and academic performance is sparse, especially for urban African American students placed at risk. The present study examines the mediating effects of student intrinsic motivation and teacher ratings of student academic engagement on the relation between school climate perceptions and student academic performance among 282 urban African American middle

L. Mickey Fenzel

188

African American Students in Urban Schools: Critical Issues and Solutions for Achievement. Educational Psychology: Critical Pedagogical Perspectives. Volume 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"African American Students in Urban Schools" offers readers a critical yet comprehensive examination of the issues affecting African American students' outcomes in urban school systems and beyond. Across disciplines including teacher education, school counseling, school psychology, gifted education, career and technical education, higher…

Moore, James L., III, Ed.; Lewis, Chance W., Ed.

2012-01-01

189

How to Help Your Child Prepare for College and Career. A Guide for African-American Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given lingering racism in this country, one would not be surprised to learn this: African-American students are much less likely than white students to have the most qualified teachers--the ones with the most experience and greatest expertise in the subject matter. Many African-American students go to schools that do not even offer some of the…

Education Trust, 2009

2009-01-01

190

Sexual concurrency among young African American women.  

PubMed

Young African-American women are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) sexually transmitted infections (STI), and engage in greater sexual concurrency than other race/ethnicities. It is important to evaluate behaviors and characteristics associated with the risk of sexual concurrency, so that interventions can target factors most likely to affect positive change. An emphasis on correlates of concurrency beyond individual-level factors has been suggested. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to identify individual- and partner-level characteristics associated with sexual concurrency among high-risk, young African-American women. Data were collected from 570 African-American adolescent women (aged 15-21) recruited from a STI clinic, a family planning clinic, and a teen clinic located in Atlanta, GA from March 2002 through August 2004. Logistic regression analysis was conducted in 2012 to evaluate correlates of sexual concurrency. Results show that almost one-quarter of participants reported sexually concurrent partnerships and 28.4% suspected male partner concurrency. Logistic regression results indicated the number of lifetime sexual partners and relationship factors were the primary contributors to engaging in concurrency in this sample. These findings suggest relationship factors may be important contributors to the prevalence of sexual concurrency among young African-American women. Interventions targeted toward sexual health among young African-American women may need to specifically address partner/relationship factors. Through these findings, we hope to better understand sexual risk taking and develop strategies that would overcome barriers to existing interventions aimed at improving the sexual health outcomes of young African-American women. PMID:23363034

Waldrop-Valverde, Drenna G; Davis, Teaniese L; Sales, Jessica M; Rose, Eve S; Wingood, Gina M; DiClemente, Ralph J

2013-01-01

191

78 FR 34241 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proclamation 8992--African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 Presidential...8992 of May 31, 2013 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 By the President...lasting freedom. Through every generation, music has reflected and renewed our...

2013-06-06

192

Addressing the lack of Baseball Consumption amongst African Americans  

E-print Network

target market as a viable consumer base. As such, marketers should understand what factors encourage African Americans to consume sport, and what factors deter African Americans from consuming baseball. Thus, the purpose of my study was to advance...

Brown, Brandon Leigh

2013-08-06

193

A Qualitative Description of African American Women's Breastfeeding Experiences  

E-print Network

The low rates of breastfeeding among African American women in the U.S. is a poorly understood, persistent disparity that contributes to higher incidences of morbidity and mortality for African Americans across the lifespan. Understanding how...

Spencer, Becky

2012-08-31

194

HIV/AIDS Frames in African-American Media.  

E-print Network

??African-Americans are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. HIV/AIDS coverage in one African-American print medium, Essence magazine, was analyzed from August 2000 to August 2010.… (more)

Hawkins, Endira

2012-01-01

195

Power-Up: A Collaborative After-School Program to Prevent Obesity in African American Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Schools represent a key potential venue for addressing childhood obesity. Objective: To assess the feasibility of Power-Up, an after-school program to decrease obesity risk among African American children, using community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles. Methods: Teachers led 14 weekly nutrition and physical activity sessions during after-school care at the Woodlawn Community School on Chicago's South Side. Forty African American

Shahid Choudhry; Lori McClinton-Powell; Marla Solomon; Dawnavan Davis; Rebecca Lipton; Amy Darukhanavala; Althera Steenes; Kavitha Selvaraj; Katherine Gielissen; Lorne Love; Renee Salahuddin; Frank K. Embil; Dezheng Huo; Marshall H. Chin; Michael T. Quinn; Deborah L. Burnet

2011-01-01

196

Glomerular hyperfiltration in hypertensive African Americans.  

PubMed

The incidence of end-stage renal disease attributable to hypertension is 5-fold greater in African Americans than in whites. To determine whether glomerular hyperfiltration is an antecedent to renal failure, we compared responses of renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate to graded infusions of norepinephrine (0. 01, 0.025, and 0.05 microg. kg(-1). min(-1) for 30 minutes each) in 29 African Americans and 33 age-matched French Canadian whites with essential hypertension. Renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate were measured by using a constant-infusion technique of PAH and inulin, respectively. Studies were conducted on an inpatient clinical research center, and antihypertensive medications had been discontinued for at least 1 week. Based on 24-hour blood pressure monitoring, nighttime blood pressures decreased (P<0.01) in the French Canadians but not in the African Americans. Baseline renal blood flow was higher (P<0.05) in the African Americans (1310+/-127 mL. min(-1) per 1.73 m(2)) than in the French Canadians (1024+/-42 mL. min(-1) per 1.73 m(2)); baseline glomerular filtration rate was also higher (P<0.01) in the African Americans (140+/-4 versus 121+/-4 mL. min(-1) per 1.73 m(2)). In response to norepinephrine-induced blood pressure increases, renal blood flow was autoregulated and did not change in either patient group. In the African Americans, glomerular filtration rate increased (P<0.01) to 167 mL. min(-1) per 1.73 m(2) during the first norepinephrine infusion, without subsequent change. In contrast, glomerular filtration rate did not change with norepinephrine-induced increases of blood pressure in the French Canadians. In the African Americans, the elevation of baseline glomerular filtration rate, with a further increase in response to norepinephrine, may be indicative of glomerular hyperfiltration. Glomerular hyperfiltration and lack of nocturnal blood pressure decline may contribute to the higher incidence of end-stage renal disease in hypertensive African Americans. PMID:10720601

Kotchen, T A; Piering, A W; Cowley, A W; Grim, C E; Gaudet, D; Hamet, P; Kaldunski, M L; Kotchen, J M; Roman, R J

2000-03-01

197

EXPOSURE OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN YOUTH TO ALCOHOL ADVERTISING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Charges of over-concentration of alcohol bill- boards in African-American neighbor- hoods have prompted protests and leg- islative fights in Chicago, Milwaukee, Baltimore, Los Angeles and elsewhere.1 Battles over the heavy marketing to the African-American community of

D. Jernigan; P. Wright; B. Gallegos; A. Tate; J. Streicker; M. Lee; J. F. Mosher

198

Postmodern Perspective on the Economics of African American Fatherhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economics of African American fatherhood have not been effectively conveyed to social work practitioners. The prevailing\\u000a assumption of African American fathers by practitioners is that they are absent or dysfunctional. Despite the existence of\\u000a successful African American fathers, bias in the literature and practice reinforce deficit models as African American. To\\u000a eliminate bias, social scientists and human service practitioners

Ronald E. Hall; Jonathan N. Livingston; Valerie V. Henderson; Glenn O. Fisher; Rebekah Hines

2007-01-01

199

Gender Differences in the Educational Expectations of Urban, Low-Income African American Youth: The Role of Parents and the School  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how youths’ gender is related to the educational expectations of urban, low-income African American youth,\\u000a their parents, and their teachers. As predicted, African American boys (ages 9–16) reported lower expectations for future\\u000a educational attainment than did their female counterparts. Parents and teachers also reported lower expectations for African\\u000a American boys (ages 6–16) than for girls. These findings

Dana Wood; Rachel Kaplan; Vonnie C. McLoyd

2007-01-01

200

Impact of Migration on African American Family Development and Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the short-and long-term influences of African American migration on the development and functioning of African American families and family relationships. Using existing research and the results from an ethnographic study of a large, African American, extended family, this article confirms the findings of previous studies and begins to examine the meaning and definition of contemporary types of

Pearl Stewart

2007-01-01

201

Exposure of African-American Youth to Alcohol Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Despite occasional media and community spotlights on the marketing of alcohol products in the African-American community, there has been no systematic review of the…

2003

202

African American Youth: An Analysis of Political and Electoral Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Religion has traditionally been of great importance to the African American community. For as long as there has been religion in the African American community their have been scholarly debates on its role. Scholars have continuously argued the importance of religion in the development of African American consciousness and politics. Scholarship has also been divided on the impact of religion

James Garner II

203

African American Acculturation and Black Racial Identity: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between acculturation and racial identity among African Americans. One hundred eighty-seven African American students completed the Black Racial Identity Attitude Scale and the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS). Acculturation was associated with three of the five AAAS subscales: Dissonance, Immersion, and…

Pope-Davis, Donald B.; Liu, William M.; Ledesma-Jones, Shannon; Nevitt, Jonathan

2000-01-01

204

African American Single Mothers Raising Sons: Implications for Family Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Being raised by a single mother is one factor that has been suggested as contributing to the plight of African American males. Yet few studies have focused specifically on African American single mothers' experiences with raising sons. This qualitative study explored the following questions: (1) What are the experiences of African American single mothers in the raising of their sons?

Ann L. Gantt; Geoffrey L. Greif

2009-01-01

205

Empowerment Groups for Urban African American Girls: A Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the author wanted to read Bemak, Chung, and Siroskey-Sabdo's article in an objective sense, her response to their article is most likely influenced by her own experiences as an African American female and mother of an African American daughter. To her, the paramount issue facing African American females is the double and sometimes triple…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl C.

2005-01-01

206

African American Women's Emotional Responses to Breast Cancer1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer is an emotionally challenging disease for women. Little is known about African American women's emotional responses to breast cancer. This exploratory study focuses on the emotional responses of African American women throughout their breast cancer experience. Sixty-six African American women, age 35 to 76, living in the southeastern United States participated in focus group interviews. There were five

Phyllis D. Morgan; Victoria Mock; Joshua Fogel

207

Family and Career Trajectories among African American Female Attorneys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional African American women are vastly understudied in sociology. We address that omission by examining how the intersection of race with the structure of elite, male-dominated occupations shapes family and work trajectories for a sample of 203 African American female attorneys. Like the general population of African American women, respondents with partners and with children do not seem to suffer

Mary Blair-Loy; Gretchen Dehart

2003-01-01

208

Barriers to Hospice Use among African Americans: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present review was undertaken to explore recent evidence in the professional literature pertaining to use of hospice services by African Americans. The article addresses the research methods that have been used to study African American hospice use, obstacles to African American participation in hospice that have been identified, and…

Washington, Karla T.; Bickel-Swenson, Denise; Stephens, Nathan

2008-01-01

209

Oral Cancer in African Americans: Addressing Health Disparities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To explore factors underlying African Americans' perceptions of oral cancer and the oral cancer exam. Study findings were used to guide development of oral cancer messages designed to increase oral cancer exams among African Americans. Methods: Focus groups were conducted to understand African Americans' attitudes and expectations…

Dodd, Virginia J.; Watson, Jennifer M.; Choi, Youjin; Tomar, Scott L.; Logan, Henrietta L.

2008-01-01

210

Resistance to Conversion to Islam Among African American Women Inmates  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the tendency to convert to Islam is common among African American male inmates, Islamic conversion among African American female inmates does not commonly occur. Educated estimates and telephone interviews with chaplains of major female correctional institutions in Florida and Alabama, indicate that Islamic conversion among African American female inmates is extremely low. Why is there such a stark contrast

Felecia Dix-Richardson

2002-01-01

211

CHRISTIAN ENCOUNTER WITH ISLAM AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS IN PRISON  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American prison inmates convert to Islam at a rate faster than any other demographic group in the United States. In this paper, I focus on the Christian encounter with Islam among African Americans in prison. First I examine the wider demographic and historical context influencing the rise of Islam among prisoners. I trace the tendency of African American prisoners

David J. Feddes

212

The Economic Status of the African American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the economic status of the African American family in Cleveland (Ohio) and in the United states as a whole and describes a model of interactions of social forces and economic factors that have influenced the declining earnings of African American families. The proportion of African American families in poverty in the United…

Reed, Wornie L.

213

Parent Support and African American Adolescents' Career Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that African American adolescents are not being prepared to enter the workforce at the same rates as adolescents from other ethnic groups. While educational and career options were unavailable to African Americans in previous eras, today educational and career opportunities abound, yet many young African Americans are not in a…

Alliman-Brissett, Annette E.; Turner, Sherri L.; Skovholt, Thomas M.

2004-01-01

214

Race, Culture, and the Education of African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, Marvin Lynn explores a range of perspectives on African American education, with particular focus on three works: "Black American Students in an Affluent Suburb: A Study of Academic Disengagement," by social anthropologist John Ogbu; "African-Centered Pedagogy: Developing Schools of Achievement for African American Children," by…

Lynn, Marvin

2006-01-01

215

Going to School: The African-American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents the views of a range of African-American educators on questions related to African-American academic achievement. The concern in this volume is with the persistent, pervasive, and disproportionate underachievement of African-American students. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1, "Problem Identification," comprises the…

Lomotey, Kofi, Ed.

216

Perceptions of Domestic Violence: A Dialogue with African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although empirical research has accumulated over the past 20 years regarding African Americans and domestic violence, many questions remain about African American perceptions of domestic violence. This article explores African American women's perceptions about domestic violence through three focus groups held at a New York social services agency.…

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B.

2004-01-01

217

Approaches to Addressing Plagiarism Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies  

E-print Network

Approaches to Addressing Plagiarism Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies The Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies offers the following option for satisfying the English Composition requirement in the College of Arts and Sciences: AAAD-A141-A142 (4-4 cr

Indiana University

218

African American and Non-African American Patients' and Families' Decision Making About Renal Replacement Therapies  

PubMed Central

We conducted focus group meetings of African American and non-African American patients with end-stage renal disease (six groups) and their family members (six groups), stratified by race/ethnicity and treatment. We elicited differences in participants’ experiences with shared decision making about initiating renal replacement therapy (RRT; that is, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, or a kidney transplant). Patients were often very sick when initiating RRT, and had little, if any, time to make a decision about what type of RRT to initiate. They also lacked sufficient information about alternative treatment options prior to initiation. Family members played supportive roles and shared in decision making when possible. Reports were similar for African American and non-African American participants. Our findings suggest that a greater emphasis on the improved engagement of patients and their families in shared decision making about RRT initiation is needed for both ethnic/racial minorities and nonminorities. PMID:22645225

Sheu, Johanna; Ephraim, Patti L.; Powe, Neil R.; Rabb, Hamid; Senga, Mikiko; Evans, Kira E.; Jaar, Bernard G.; Crews, Deidra C.; Greer, Raquel C.; Boulware, L. Ebony

2014-01-01

219

African American Studies & Research Center's 28th Symposium on African American  

E-print Network

in African American images in post World War II popular culture. Jolivette Anderson-Douoning is a native: Dr. Cornelius Bynum, Purdue University The Colonial Breast: Enlightenment Project and Revolutionary

Ginzel, Matthew

220

N:\\redesign\\people\\African-Americans.doc 1 African-Americans at IIT  

E-print Network

colleges or attended Chicago's black high schools (Wendell Phillips and Dunbar served the African:\\redesign\\people\\African-Americans.doc 2 first black graduate of Armour, but he is shown in group class photos prior to 1901 with at least one other black classmate. Re Kent College and Chicago College of Law: These two schools, both started

Heller, Barbara

221

A Call to Action to Raise Achievement for African American Students. Student Achievement Policy Brief #1: African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One out of every six public school students in the U.S. is African American. The achievement of African American students as a group will have a significant impact on the nation's economic strength and social well-being. This brief looks at the performance of African American students on state reading and mathematics tests and considers the policy…

Kober, Nancy

2010-01-01

222

The myth of meritocracy and African American health.  

PubMed

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy-the belief that all may obtain the American Dream-and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans. PMID:20724679

Kwate, Naa Oyo A; Meyer, Ilan H

2010-10-01

223

African American College Women's Suicide Buffers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the relationships buffers may have with suicide ideation, 300 African American female college students completed measures of suicide ideation and buffers. Three variables accounted for a significant and unique portion of the variance in suicide ideation: family support, a view that suicide is unacceptable, and a collaborative religious…

Marion, Michelle S.; Range, Lillian M.

2003-01-01

224

Language and the African American Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do children acquire African American English? How do they develop the specific language patterns of their communities? Drawing on spontaneous speech samples and data from structured elicitation tasks, this book explains the developmental trends in the children's language. It examines topics such as the development of tense/aspect marking,…

Green, Lisa J.

2011-01-01

225

Depressive Symptoms in African-American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms in an African American female college student sample (n=78) using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI2) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). MMPI-2 was a more conservative scale than BDI in identifying depressive symptom levels. Discusses stress inoculation methods to assist…

Reed, Michael K.; And Others

1996-01-01

226

Advocacy on Behalf of African American Clients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oppression of African American people includes racism, sexism, and classism. Oppression is understood as a process that infuses prejudice with power. This power is then used to limit or hinder access to societal rights from those identified as lacking power. Advocacy is a process that defuses prejudice and attempts to redefine power by…

Sanders, Jo-Ann Lipford

227

Substance Abuse in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Limited attention to ethnicity in research on substance abuse and women has resulted in assumptions that may not fit the experience of women of color. This study employed a combined quantitative and qualitative design to investigate substance abuse in African American women ages 21 to 48. Life experiences of women with histories of chemical dependence were compared with women who

Harriet Curtis-Boles; Valata Jenkins-Monroe

2000-01-01

228

2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex, the planning committee for the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon gather in the lobby. At the far left is Mack McKinney, chief, Programs Resources Management, who was chairperson for the event.

2000-01-01

229

African American Female Superintendents: Resilient School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six African American female superintendents who had served as superintendents in at least 2 school districts were interviewed to understand ways in which they responded to barriers and adversity in their roles, with a particular emphasis on issues related to sexism and racism. Study participants shared that they work to engage the community and…

Johnson, Bernadeia H.

2012-01-01

230

Identifying and Supporting Gifted African American Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the unique challenges faced by the gifted and talented Black man. Reviews issues of identifying gifted African-American male college students and factors affecting retention. Profiles the Meyerhoff Scholars Program at the University of Maryland. Outlines seven recommendations that address campuswide attitudes and practices impeding the…

Fries-Britt, Sharon

1997-01-01

231

Retaining African American Men Through Mentoring Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the benefits of mentoring for African-American male students. Profiles six successful mentoring programs, highlighting the success of the Faculty Mentor Program at the University of Louisville. Presents eight recommendations for viable, effective mentoring programs to promote the retention, academic achievement, and leadership…

LaVant, Bruce D.; Anderson, John L.; Tiggs, Joseph W.

1997-01-01

232

Paranoid Ideation among Elderly African American Persons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross sectional study involving 998 independently living elderly African Americans used the Brief Symptom Inventory to measure paranoid ideation and 14 independent variables including demographic characteristics, cognitive deficit, and depression. Paranoid ideation was found in 10% of the sample. Regression analysis revealed 6 of 14 independent…

Bazargan, Mohsen; Bazargan, Shahrzad; King, Lewis

2001-01-01

233

African Americans in Television: An Afrocentric Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes that, historically and contemporarily, African Americans were and are severely underrepresented in the Eurocentric press, portrayed stereotypically, depicted in low-status occupational roles, and denied news or public affairs programs to adequately serve their informational needs. Theories on mass media's impact on society and individuals…

Tait, Alice A.; Perry, Robert L.

1994-01-01

234

The Persistence of African American College Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the family dynamics of persistent African American college men. These students were typical Black males, not those pre-categorized as high-achieving or unprepared for college. The stories of participants revealed their strength, ambition, and intentions to successfully gain a baccalaureate degree. In general Black males are…

Beale, Tyson J.

2010-01-01

235

Growing Up African American in Catholic Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributors to this volume use their own stories to demonstrate success of one institution, the Catholic school system, in educating many African Americans who have gone on to make important contributions to the community. Their own experiences are the starting points for their reflections on the historical and sociological treatment of the…

Irvine, Jacqueline Jordan, Ed.; Foster, Michele, Ed.

236

African American men constructing computing identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many young African American males have a passion for video games, but they don't often translate that passion into learning about computing. Part of the problem is that they do not identify with computing as a social norm within their peer group. This disidentification with computing can negatively impact academic performance and limit opportunities for upward mobility. We developed a

Betsy James DiSalvo; Sarita Yardi; Mark Guzdial; Tom McKlin; Charles Meadows; Kenneth Perry; Amy Bruckman

2011-01-01

237

Distinguished African American Political and Governmental Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive directory profiles more than 100 African American political and governmental leaders from the mid-19th century to the present. Each entry includes the following information, where applicable: birth date and place; parents' names and history; current status; education; anecdotes; national or local events; awards and honors;…

Haskins, James

238

African American English: A Linguistic Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introduction to African American English (AAE) looks at the grammar as a whole, describing patterns in sentence structure, sound system, word formation, and word use in AAE. The book uses linguistic description and data from conversation to explain that AAE is not a compilation of random deviations from mainstream English but rather a…

Green, Lisa J.

239

Phonetic Transcription of African American Vernacular English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes African American Vernacular English (AAVE) phonological features from the perspective of phonetic transcription. Relevant International Phonetic Alphabet symbols and diacritics are discussed, as well as the importance of transcription detail when differentiating dialect variation from phonological delay or disorder. A chart…

Pollock, Karen E.; Meredith, Linette Hinton

2001-01-01

240

"Cor"recting the underachievement and underrepresentation of African-Americans in science: A case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation research focuses on the most powerful influence on the school science learning of African-American students--inequitable science teachers' beliefs and actions. It is my intent in this study to understand, describe, and present in model form a European-American science teacher's change from an educational paradigm/world view that promotes limited or inequitable learning opportunities for African-American students to one that is grounded in equitable teaching, resulting in rich opportunities to learn science. Making sense of one teacher's change towards equity, the central theme of US science education reform, contributes towards understanding one effort that may advance a goal of the national reform efforts-- "cor"recting the underachievement and under-representation of African Americans in science. Of particular concern to this research is that teachers' beliefs and action produce uneven distribution of opportunities to learn science that is contributing to inequitable outcomes. In regards to African-American students, science teachers' beliefs, attitudes, expectations, and actions are powerful influences on learning and student achievement. Negative teacher beliefs, attitudes, limited expectations, and resulting actions, or lack thereof, promote inequitable access to science learning opportunities for African-American students. Thus, this problem is the most powerful influence on African-American students' school science learning and, thus, pursuit of careers in science. In Phase I of the study, the focus is on the teacher's actions before his change and then on the teacher's subconscious change in beliefs and actions (lived world view) in his natural setting, i.e., a biology class at a local high school where technology-enhanced science instruction is being used. The focus of Phase II is on the teacher's reported beliefs before his change and then on the teacher's conscious change in reported beliefs (articulated world view), which completes the shift in his educational paradigm/world view. This study seeks to answer questions which further the understanding of teacher change towards equitably teaching African-American students. This study focuses on both aspects of its subject's world view, i.e., lived world view and articulated world view. Therefore, making sense of the change in both his pedagogical actions and reported beliefs is the main goal.

Eaglin, Phillip G.

241

Karla Holloway to Lead African and African-American Studies at Duke University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The appointment of Karla F. C. Holloway, an African American woman, as director of the Duke University (North Carolina) African American Studies program is representative of an institutional effort to stabilize the program and to recruit African American scholars to the institution, across disciplines. During Holloway's interim directorship,…

Hawkins, B. Denise

1996-01-01

242

Family Support and Colorectal Cancer Screening among Urban African Americans  

PubMed Central

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer death among African Americans. Less than 50% of African Americans have had CRC screening. This study examined the relationships between family support and influence, cultural identity, CRC beliefs, and a screening informed decision among 129 urban African Americans. Family support (p < .01) significantly predicted CRC beliefs and CRC beliefs significantly predicted informed decision (p < .01). Based on study results, practitioners should routinely assess family support and CRC beliefs with African Americans patients. This may improve patient-provider shared decision-making satisfaction and CRC screening adherence among African American patients. PMID:23086216

Brittain, Kelly; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y.; Loveland-Cherry, Carol; Northouse, Laurel; Caldwell, Cleopatra H.

2011-01-01

243

Family Support and Colorectal Cancer Screening among Urban African Americans.  

PubMed

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer death among African Americans. Less than 50% of African Americans have had CRC screening. This study examined the relationships between family support and influence, cultural identity, CRC beliefs, and a screening informed decision among 129 urban African Americans. Family support (p < .01) significantly predicted CRC beliefs and CRC beliefs significantly predicted informed decision (p < .01). Based on study results, practitioners should routinely assess family support and CRC beliefs with African Americans patients. This may improve patient-provider shared decision-making satisfaction and CRC screening adherence among African American patients. PMID:23086216

Brittain, Kelly; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y; Loveland-Cherry, Carol; Northouse, Laurel; Caldwell, Cleopatra H

2012-07-01

244

An African-American Family with Dystonia  

PubMed Central

The genetic cause of late-onset focal and segmental dystonia remains unknown in most individuals. Recently, mutations in Thanatos-associated protein domain containing, apoptosis associated protein 1 (THAP1) have been described in DYT6 dystonia and associated with some cases of familial and sporadic late-onset dystonia in Caucasians. We are not aware of any previous descriptions of familial dystonia in African Americans or reports of THAP1 mutations in African Americans. Herein, we characterize an African-American (AA) kindred with late-onset primary dystonia, clinically and genetically. The clinical phenotype included cervical, laryngeal and hand-forearm dystonia. Symptoms were severe and disabling for several family members, whereas others only displayed mild signs. There were no accompanying motor or cognitive signs. In this kindred, age of onset ranged from 45 to 50 years and onset was frequently sudden, with symptoms developing within weeks or months. DYT1 was excluded as the cause of dystonia in this kindred. The entire genomic region of THAP1, including non-coding regions, was sequenced. We identified 13 sequence variants in THAP1, although none co-segregated with dystonia. A novel THAP1 variant (c.-237-3G>T/A) was found in 3/84 AA dystonia patient alleles and 3/212 AA control alleles, but not in 5,870 Caucasian alleles. In summary, although previously unreported, familial primary dystonia does occur in African Americans. Genetic analysis of the entire genomic region of THAP1 revealed a novel variant that was specific for African Americans. Therefore, genetic testing for dystonia and future studies of candidate genes must take genetic background into consideration. PMID:21601506

Puschmann, Andreas; Xiao, Jianfeng; Bastian, Robert W.; Searcy, Jill A.; LeDoux, Mark S.; Wszolek, Zbigniew K.

2011-01-01

245

The University of Texas at Austin -College of Liberal Arts Ethnic Studies (African & African American Studies) Degree Plan  

E-print Network

American Studies) Degree Plan B.A. Plan 1: 2006-2008 Catalog Area A: English and Rhetoric & Writing: RHE & African American Studies): 33 hours (including 18 upper-division): 3 hours specified African & African American Studies: AFR 301 24 hours (including at least 12 upper-division) in African & African American

Texas at Austin, University of

246

Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection examine relationships between the Korean American and African American communities in Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York. The contrast between the economic power and lack of political power of Korean Americans and the political power and lack of economic power of African Americans is traced. Essays 2-5 cover Los…

Kim, Kwang Chung, Ed.

247

African American Studies & Research Center and Latin American & Latino Studies  

E-print Network

in Central America and Spanish Jamaica 5. Eclectic Bigotry in South Atlantic Societies: Racism, Hybridity Symposium on African American Culture & Philosophy "Afro"Afro--Latin America:Latin America: Rethinking Stewart Center, 3rd Floor West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 #12;"Afro-Latin America: Rethinking Identity

Pittendrigh, Barry

248

Empowering African American Exceptional Learners: Vision for the New Millennium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural differences can be barriers for African American students. General educators often turn to special educators for assistance, placing students in at-risk positions that magnify denigrating stereotypes. Many African American students are misidentified, misassessed, and misinstructed. Discusses factors underlying the education of African

Obi, Sunday O.; Obiakor, Festus

2001-01-01

249

Technological politics and the political history of African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation is a critical study of technopolitical issues in the history of African American people. Langdon Winner's theory of technopolitics was used to facilitate the analysis of large scale technologies and their compatibility with various political ends. I contextualized the central technopolitical issues within the major epochs of African American political history: the Atlantic slave trade, the African artisans

Bruce Cosby

1995-01-01

250

Issues in Mathematics Education with African American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To teach mathematics successfully to African Americans, there must be modification of what math is as a knowledge. Recently, a framework was composed which delineated four disparate dimensions of math as a type of knowledge and how assessment varies as a result of the definitions. Examines implications for African American education, African

Pennington, Harvey J.

2000-01-01

251

AFRICAN AMERICANAFRICAN AMERICANAFRICAN AMERICAN STUDIESSTUDIESSTUDIES  

E-print Network

REL 469: Black Religion in America Electives (select four)** AMST 301: American, the Frontier, and the New West AMST 320: Social Constructions of Race and Citizenship AMST 353: Race and Racism in the Americas COMM 458: Race and Ethnicity in Entertainment and the Arts POSC 424: Political Participation

Krylov, Anna I.

252

African-American Band Music and Recordings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, a number of African American musicians and bandleaders had garnered the attention of the music-going public, and names such as Eubie Blake and Scott Joplin remain familiar to this very day. This rather fine online collection offered by the Library of Congress's Performing Arts division brings together a number of so-called "stock" arrangements for bands or small orchestras written by African Americans during that period. Visitors to the site should start by reading one of the four informative essays offered here, and then search through the actual music. There are over 206 pieces of music here, including "After the Cake Walk" from 1901 and the 1905 number, "Banana Man". Additionally, visitors can read any number of composer and bandleader biographies.

253

African American parents' attitudes toward HPV vaccination.  

PubMed

This study sought to determine knowledge about human papillomaviruses (HPV), vaccination acceptability and intent to vaccinate, and describe the individual characteristics, and sociocultural attitudes that affect African American parents' intent to vaccinate their daughters. Two hundred African Americans completed self-administered surveys that assessed factors that may influence HPV vaccination behavior, HPV and cervical cancer knowledge and risk perception, cultural attitudes, and preferences for location and timing of vaccination. Eligibility criteria included men and women who had a daughter aged 9 to 17 years, whether the daughter had or had not been told that she had an HPV infection. Approximately two-thirds of the African American parents surveyed were aware of HPV and HPV vaccination. Responders were likely to be female, younger, employed, and to have social resources. They were also knowledgeable about HPV, but knowledge did not necessarily lead to vaccination. Among parents knowledgeable about HPV, vaccination status was significantly affected by whether a pediatrician had recommended the vaccine. There were no significant differences in demographic characteristics or sociocultural attitudes between the parents who had vaccinated their daughters and those who had not, although more of the parents who had vaccinated daughters were worried about STIs. PMID:21942167

Thompson, Vetta L Sanders; Arnold, Lauren D; Notaro, Sheri R

2011-01-01

254

77 FR 33595 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...8832 of June 1, 2012 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012 By the President...long-cherished piece of American culture, music offers a vibrant soundtrack to the story...tradition, and during African-American Music Appreciation Month, we pay special...

2012-06-07

255

Phonological Awareness Skills in Young African American English Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine African American children's performance on a phonological awareness task that included items reflecting differences between African American English (AAE) and mainstream American English. The relationship between spoken production of AAE forms and performance on phonological awareness, vocabulary, and…

Mitri, Souraya Mansour; Terry, Nicole Patton

2014-01-01

256

Racism as a stressor for African Americans: A biopsychosocial model  

Microsoft Academic Search

iven the historical and contemporary existence of racism in American society, one might suspect there would be an equally substantial literature examining the effects of racism on African Americans. Yet, research exploring the biological, psychological, and social effects of racism among African Americans is virtually nonexistent. The purpose of this article was threefold: (a) to provide a brief overview of

Rodney Clark; Norman B. Anderson; Vernessa R. Clark; David R. Williams

1999-01-01

257

Teacher-to-Teacher: Native American Problems in Biology Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed are some of the cultural differences that science teachers should consider when teaching Native American students. Discussed are the implications for biology teachers in this situation and the importance of traditions in other cultures such as those observed by Native Americans. (CW)

Burgoyne, Paul C.

1988-01-01

258

Frequent Buyer Club Participation Patterns for African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on (a) racial prejudice, (b) lack of steppingstone jobs, (c) welfare programs, (d) low education levels, and (e) inferior trade skills, some feel America's leading minority groups will never become full-fledged, mainstream retail participants. This study, however, found that Asian and Hispanic immigrants assimilate as they move from cities. On the contrary, post-civil rights movement African Americans and Native

A. Bruce Clark

2003-01-01

259

The college life experiences of African American women athletes.  

PubMed

The present study provides a descriptive analysis of four areas of African American women student athletes' college life experiences: academic performance; alienation and abuse; perceived social advantage as the result of athletics; and life satisfaction. Multivariate comparisons were made between the four areas of college life experiences of 154 African American women student athletes and 793 White women student athletes, 250 African American women nonathletes, and 628 African American men student athletes from a national sample of 39 NCAA Division I universities. Overall, African American women student athletes are performing adequately academically, integrating socially within the university, perceiving some social advantage as the result of being athletes, and are fairly satisfied with their life. Their experiences seem most consistent with African American women nonathletes. Results are discussed in the context of potential policy recommendations as well as the need for more research on this particular population. PMID:9485580

Sellers, R M; Kuperminc, G P; Damas, A

1997-10-01

260

Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder in African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in African American youth. Tackling the myths and misinformation\\u000a surrounding ADHD in the African American community can be one of the most difficult issues in mental illness circles. There\\u000a is a lot of conflicting information about how African Americans are diagnosed, examined, and treated. This article clarifies\\u000a some of the misconceptions and offers some

Rahn K. Bailey; Shahid Ali; Shagufta Jabeen; Hilary Akpudo; Jaymie U. Avenido; Theresa Bailey; Jessica Lyons; Amelia A. Whitehead

2010-01-01

261

Gender role socialization in african american men: A conceptual framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

From educational institutions to the media, images about African American men are transmitted throughout society with few,\\u000a if any, positive portrayals. These myths, misconceptions, and stereotypes have been carried over to the developmental and\\u000a socialization processes experienced by African American men. More systematic and comprehensive ways of explaining the plight\\u000a of the African American male are needed in his quest

George T. Rowan; Eugene Pernell; Timothy A. Akers

1996-01-01

262

Anxiety disorders in African-American and white children  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are little available data on African-American children with anxiety disorders. Treatment-seeking African-American (n=30) and white children (n=139), with a current DSM-III-R anxiety disorder, were compared on sociodemographic background variables, clinical characteristics, and lifetime rates of specific DSM-III-R anxiety disorders. Overall, results suggested that the anxiety-disordered African-American and white children who sought treatment from an outpatient mental health facility were

Cynthia G. Last; Sean Perrin

1993-01-01

263

Beyond the Myth: Addressing Suicide Among African American Males  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Historically, African Americans were never considered at risk for suicide; however, in the last 20–30 years there has been\\u000a a precipitous increase in the number of suicides and suicide attempts among African American males. The authors of this chapter\\u000a provide an overview of the literature surrounding suicide and African American males. Furthermore, a number of preventative\\u000a measures are investigated, such

Michael A. Robinson; Armon R. Perry; Sharon E. Moore; Rudolph Alexander Jr

264

A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans.BackgroundThere is substantial evidence for a genetic contribution to diabetic nephropathy susceptibility in the African American population, but little is known about location or identity of susceptibility genes.MethodsDNA samples were collected from 206 type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD)\\/nephropathy-affected sib pairs from 166 African American families (355 affected individuals).

DONALD W BOWDEN; CARLA J COLICIGNO; CARL D LANGEFELD; MICHČLE M SALE; ADRIENNE WILLIAMS; PAMELA J ANDERSON; STEPHEN S RICH; BARRY I FREEDMAN

2004-01-01

265

Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school and college teachers interested in offering units or courses on Native American literature have often had to carve out new teaching strategies because ready resources and guides are scarce. In "Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide," Bruce A. Goebel offers innovative and practical suggestions about how to introduce…

Goebel, Bruce A.

2004-01-01

266

Critical social theory and the domination of African American Women.  

PubMed

This historical reconstruction of the experiences of African American women in America from slavery to the present exposes the prevailing and enduring system of White male domination. From White men having control of their reproductive choices, to conspiracy to withhold the right to vote, African American women were victims of both sexism and racism. Later, as a result of the myth conceived by White sociologists of the super African American woman, further divisiveness became apparent in the African American home. As African American women took advantage of educational opportunities only to find that there was a dearth of similarly educated African American males to marry, increasing numbers of African American men were reported as parties to violent acts, drugs or illness. All of these variables are conjectured as impacting on the African American woman's experience. Lastly, data were presented depicting the increasing trend of African American women marrying White men, and the emergence of a more diverse workforce. It was concluded that economics serve as a catalyst for this change in human relations. PMID:8718416

Davis, S P

1995-01-01

267

Ending the Epidemic of Heterosexual HIV Transmission Among African Americans  

PubMed Central

This article examines factors responsible for the stark racial disparities in HIV infection in the U.S. and the now concentrated epidemic among African Americans. Sexual network patterns characterized by concurrency and mixing among different subpopulations, together with high rates of other sexually transmitted infections, facilitate dissemination of HIV among African Americans. The social and economic environment in which many African Americans live shapes sexual network patterns and increases personal infection risk almost independently of personal behavior. The African American HIV epidemic constitutes a national crisis whose successful resolution will require modifying the social and economic systems, structures, and processes that facilitate HIV transmission in this population. PMID:19840704

Adimora, Adaora A.; Schoenbach, Victor J.; Floris-Moore, Michelle A.

2014-01-01

268

All Things to All People: Special Circumstances Influencing the Performance of African American Superintendents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When confronted with the problems of urban school districts, such as an ever-increasing achievement gap, the underfunding of school districts, increased shortages of qualified teachers, greater emphasis on accountability, and the loss of public confidence, African American superintendents have considerable difficulty leading their school…

Hunter, Richard C.; Donahoo, Saran

2005-01-01

269

All Things to All People. Special Circumstances Influencing the Performance of African American Superintendents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When confronted with the problems of urban school districts, such as an ever-increasing achievement gap, the underfunding of school districts, increased shortages of qualified teachers, greater emphasis on accountability, and the loss of public confidence, African American superintendents have considerable difficulty leading their school…

Hunter, Richard C.; Donahoo, Saran

2005-01-01

270

Multicultural Teaching: African-American Faculty Classroom Teaching Experiences in Predominantly White Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored classroom teaching challenges faced by African American faculty at a predominantly white college. Focus group interviews with black faculty indicated that the teachers believed white students felt their standards were too high and did not match white professors' expectations. They said that persistent student complaints and harassment…

McGowan, Juanita M.

2000-01-01

271

Will I Ever Teach?: Latino and African American Students' Perspectives on PRAXIS I  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined the PRAXIS I experiences of African American and Latino undergraduates seeking admission into teacher education at a Big Ten university. Participants were 44 students selected from a larger sample enrolled in a recruitment and support program aimed at members of underrepresented minority groups. The theoretical…

Bennett, Christine I.; McWhorter, Lynn M.; Kuykendall, John A.

2006-01-01

272

Generous with Our Uniqueness: Forging New Directions for African-American Women in the Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African-American women have played a major role in the history of the arts. This history, which is filled with discrimination, is traced for music, dance, drama, and the visual arts. Those who have overcome these obstacles can be effective teachers for future audiences, artists, and decision makers. (SLD)

Verdino-Sullwold, Carla Maria

1992-01-01

273

Ladies Are Seen, Not Heard: Language Socialization in a Southern, African American Cosmetology School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined classroom discourse at a southern cosmetology school, noting African American students' language socialization. Highlighted freshmen's and seniors' engagement with formal/textbook scripts about proper communication, analyzing how teachers and students made sense of official metacommunicative scripts about proper salon communication.…

Jacobs-Huey, Lanita

2003-01-01

274

Urban African-American Middle School Science Students: Does Standards-based Teaching Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the influence of standards-based teaching practices on the achievement of urban, African-American, middle school science students. Indicates that teachers who frequently used standards-based teaching practices positively influenced students' achievement and attitudes. Supports the efficacy of high-quality professional development to…

Kahle, Jane Butler; Meece, Judith; Scantlebury, Kathryn

2000-01-01

275

Will I Ever Teach? Latino and African American Students’ Perspectives on PRAXIS I  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study examined the PRAXIS I experiences of African American and Latino undergraduates seeking admission into teacher education at a Big Ten university. Participants were 44 students selected from a larger sample enrolled in a recruitment and support program aimed at members of underrepresented minority groups. The theoretical framework included ethnic identity development, stereotype threat, cultural continuity\\/discontinuity, and bias

Christine I. Bennett; Lynn M. McWhorter; John A. Kuykendall

2006-01-01

276

Smuggled Literacies: The Social and Educational Value of Hidden Literacies of Urban African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and teachers often are not privy to the literacy events smuggled into the private lives of urban African-Americans. Yet, these hidden literacies, such as journal writing and reading personal business letters, often reveal deft rhetorical skills as well as intellectual grappling with the social complexities of power, race, and class.…

Cushman, M. Ellen

277

African Americans Who Made a Difference. 15 Plays for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These easy-to-read classroom plays are about 15 African American men and women in a variety of vocations. The plays are designed to enhance the curriculum and to make social studies come alive for the student as they bolster language-arts teaching. Each play includes a Teacher's Guide that contains some quotes from the featured person and a brief…

1996

278

African American English and other Vernaculars in EducationA Topic-Coded Bibliography  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than 50 years, linguists have been interested in the educational challenges faced by speakers of African American Vernacular English, creoles, and other vernaculars, believing that the perspective of our discipline could be helpful to teachers and students alike. Psychologists, educators, and other scholars have also contributed insights from their disciplines. In this bibliography, we assemble nearly 700 references

John R. Rickford; Julie Sweetland; Angela E. Rickford

2004-01-01

279

Beyond Missionaries or Cannibals: Who Should Teach Mathematics to African American Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guided by a general critique that asks, Highly qualified for whom?, I problematize recent characterizations of highly qualified mathematics teachers by focusing on the question, Who should teach mathematics to African American children? I discuss how responses to this question in mainstream mathematics education research and policy contexts have…

Martin, Danny Bernard

2007-01-01

280

Breaking Down Barriers That Disenfranchise African American Adolescent Readers in Low-Level Tracks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one teacher researcher helped a class of low-achieving African American eighth graders dramatically increase their reading achievement. Discusses barriers to reading and creating a supportive classroom community. Describes how the author combined explicit skill and strategy development using a framework to address fluency, word…

Tatum, Alfred W.

2000-01-01

281

Rural African American Parents’ Knowledge and Decisions About Human Papillomavirus Vaccination  

PubMed Central

Purpose To identify predictors of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among rural African American families. Design Cross-sectional descriptive study in schools in three rural counties in southeastern United States. The sample consisted of African American parents or caregivers with children 9 to 13 years of age who attended elementary or middle school in 2010–2011. Methods Using an anonymous, 26-item survey, we collected descriptive data during parent-teacher events from African American parents with children in elementary or middle school. The main outcome was measured as a response of “yes” to the statement “I have or will vaccinate my child with the HPV vaccine.” In addition, composite scores of knowledge and positive attitudes and beliefs were compared. No interventions were conducted. Findings We identified predictors of HPV vaccination and found that religious affiliation had a correlation with vaccinating or planning to vaccinate a child. Conclusions Results indicate a need for further research on the role of local culture, including religion and faith, in rural African Americans’ decisions about giving their children the HPV vaccination. Clinical Relevance This study emphasizes the importance of understanding rural African American parents’ knowledge, attitudes, and spiritual beliefs when designing health education programs and public health interventions to increase HPV vaccination uptake among African American boys and girls living in rural areas. PMID:23126428

Thomas, Tami Lynn; Strickland, Ora L.; DiClemente, Ralph; Higgins, Melinda; Haber, Michael

2014-01-01

282

African American Faculty as Part of the Problem or Part of the Solution in the Retention of African American Students on "White" College Campuses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which African American faculty provide support and mentoring to African American students determines the ease of students' transition to predominantly white colleges. This paper examines the role of both white and African American faculty in responding to the needs of African American students. Two ways that white institutions…

Malone, Rubie M.; Malone, James A.

283

Minding "Our Cicero": Nineteenth-Century African American Women's Rhetoric and the Classical Tradition  

E-print Network

caricatured African Americans acting out racist stereotypes.African Americans, but racist attitudes dependent on stereotypesAfrican American poets of the Harlem Renaissance, for example, felt that Dunbar played into white stereotypes

Morse, Heidi

2014-01-01

284

3 CFR 8527 - Proclamation 8527 of May 28, 2010. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Proclamation 8527 of May 28, 2010. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010 8527...May 28, 2010 Proc. 8527 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010By the...spirit. For many, including the African-American community, music unites...

2011-01-01

285

3 CFR 8684 - Proclamation 8684 of May 31, 2011. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Proclamation 8684 of May 31, 2011. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011 8684...May 31, 2011 Proc. 8684 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011By the...the diversity of our Union. African-American musicians, composers,...

2012-01-01

286

The impact of family functioning on anxiety symptoms in African American and European American young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study aimed to investigate reported family functioning and its impact on anxiety symptoms in a sample of African American and European American young adults. One hundred African American and one hundred twenty one European American young adults completed the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and a retrospective version of the McMaster Family Assessment

L. Kevin Chapman; Janet Woodruff-Borden

2009-01-01

287

Raising Cultural Awareness of Second Grade African American Students Using Mexican American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increase in the Mexican American population within the predominantly African American community and school was the basis of this qualitative study. The purpose of the study was to introduce African American second grade students to authentic Mexican and Mexican American children's literature. Interactive read-alouds of nonfiction and realistic…

Pugh, Sandra Lyniece

2009-01-01

288

The nature of culturally responsive pedagogy in two urban African American middle school science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This ethnographic in nature study explores how two middle school science teachers who have classes populated by urban African Americans teach their students and how their students perceive their teaching. Since urban African American students continue to perform lower than desired on measures of science achievement, there is an urgent need to understand what pedagogical methodologies assist and hinder urban African American students in achieving higher levels of success in science. A pedagogical methodology that theorists posit assists subordinated school populations is culturally responsive pedagogy. Culturally responsive pedagogy is defined as a teaching methodology concerned with preparing students to question inequality, racism, and injustice. Teachers who use culturally responsive pedagogy respect the culture students bring to the class, and require that the teachers willingly do whatever is necessary to educate students (Nieto, 2000). The teacher participants were two female African Americans who were identified by their school supervisors as being highly effective with urban African American students. The researcher presented the teachers in separate case studies conducted over a data collection period of nine months. Data were collected by participant observation, interviews, and artifact collection. Data were analyzed by application of grounded theory techniques. Findings of the teachers' (and the students') beliefs about pedagogy that both assisted and hindered the students' performance in science were reported in a rich and nuanced storytelling manner based on multiple perspectives (teachers', students', and the researcher's). Pedagogical methodologies that the teachers used that assisted their students were the use of cultural metaphors and images in science and applications of motivational techniques that encouraged a nurturing relationship between the teacher and her students. Pedagogical methodologies that hindered students varied by teacher. Metaphorically, the teachers differed vividly. One was a nurturing mother, sister, and friend who assisted her students to cross the cultural line between the science classroom and their home and community. The other was a stern disciplinarian who painted a picture of order and hard work as keys for her students' success in school science. The researcher, who promotes a social justice ideology, made implications and recommendations for science teacher education and public policy.

Bondima, Michelle Harris

289

Racial Narratives, Group Identity, and African-American Political Behavior  

E-print Network

My dissertation seeks to advance the racial politics and political behavior literatures in American politics by focusing on the role of "racial narratives" in explaining historical changes in African-American political behavior over time. I...

Delehanty, William

2010-05-13

290

76 FR 6519 - National African American History Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...slowed the onward march of history and expansion of the American dream, African Americans braved bigotry and violence to organize schools, churches, and neighborhood organizations. Bolstered by strong values of faith and community, black...

2011-02-04

291

Academic attainment and the high school science experiences among high-achieving African American males  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines the educational experiences of high achieving African American males. More specifically, it analyzes the influences on their successful navigation through high school science. Through a series of interviews, observations, questionnaires, science portfolios, and review of existing data the researcher attempted to obtain a deeper understanding of high achieving African American males and their limitations to academic attainment and high school science experiences. The investigation is limited to ten high achieving African American male science students at Woodcrest High School. Woodcrest is situated at the cross section of a suburban and rural community located in the southeastern section of the United States. Although this investigation involves African American males, all of whom are successful in school, its findings should not be generalized to this nor any other group of students. The research question that guided this study is: What are the limitations to academic attainment and the high school science experiences of high achieving African American males? The student participants expose how suspension and expulsion, special education placement, academic tracking, science instruction, and teacher expectation influence academic achievement. The role parents play, student self-concept, peer relationships, and student learning styles are also analyzed. The anthology of data rendered three overarching themes: (1) unequal access to education, (2) maintenance of unfair educational structures, and (3) authentic characterizations of African American males. Often the policies and practices set in place by school officials aid in creating hurdles to academic achievement. These policies and practices are often formed without meaningful consideration of the unintended consequences that may affect different student populations, particularly the most vulnerable. The findings from this study expose that high achieving African American males face major obstacles and limitations to achievement. Student study participants believe African American male students are targeted for suspension more often because of their gender and race, parents of high achieving African American males show some uncertainty about the school's ability to treat their sons in a fair and equitable manner, and teachers see indifference and the lack of science skills as the root cause of the diminished presence of African American male participation in higher level science classes.

Trice, Rodney Nathaniel

292

The Great Migration 1900-1939: Enriching the Humanities through the Study of African-American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on the "Great Migration" project at Harvard University that brought together scholars and teachers to study the roots, processes, and results of African Americans' urban migration during the period from 1900-1939. The primary purpose of the project was to enhance teachers' scholarly understanding of this aspect of U.S.…

Wiske, Martha Stone; Graham, Maryemma

293

Rejected Bullies or Popular Leaders? The Social Relations of Aggressive Subtypes of Rural African American Early Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher assessments of interpersonal characteristics were used to identify subtypes of rural African American early adolescents (161 boys and 258 girls). Teacher ratings of interpersonal characteristics were used to identify popular and unpopular aggressive subtypes for both boys and girls. Unpopular aggressive youths did not have elevated levels of rejected sociometric status but were more likely to have lower levels

Thomas W. Farmer; David B. Estell; Jennifer L. Bishop; Keri K. ONeal; Beverley D. Cairns

2003-01-01

294

THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN RACIAL DISCRIMINATION AND DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS: AN EXAMINATION OF AFRICAN AMERICAN COUPLES.  

E-print Network

??An increasing number of studies have documented African Americans’ experiences with racial discrimination. These experiences have been shown to have implications for African Americans’ well-being… (more)

Wickrama, Thulitha

2007-01-01

295

Genome-wide patterns of population structure and admixture in West Africans and African Americans  

PubMed Central

Quantifying patterns of population structure in Africans and African Americans illuminates the history of human populations and is critical for undertaking medical genomic studies on a global scale. To obtain a fine-scale genome-wide perspective of ancestry, we analyze Affymetrix GeneChip 500K genotype data from African Americans (n = 365) and individuals with ancestry from West Africa (n = 203 from 12 populations) and Europe (n = 400 from 42 countries). We find that population structure within the West African sample reflects primarily language and secondarily geographical distance, echoing the Bantu expansion. Among African Americans, analysis of genomic admixture by a principal component-based approach indicates that the median proportion of European ancestry is 18.5% (25th–75th percentiles: 11.6–27.7%), with very large variation among individuals. In the African-American sample as a whole, few autosomal regions showed exceptionally high or low mean African ancestry, but the X chromosome showed elevated levels of African ancestry, consistent with a sex-biased pattern of gene flow with an excess of European male and African female ancestry. We also find that genomic profiles of individual African Americans afford personalized ancestry reconstructions differentiating ancient vs. recent European and African ancestry. Finally, patterns of genetic similarity among inferred African segments of African-American genomes and genomes of contemporary African populations included in this study suggest African ancestry is most similar to non-Bantu Niger-Kordofanian-speaking populations, consistent with historical documents of the African Diaspora and trans-Atlantic slave trade. PMID:20080753

Bryc, Katarzyna; Auton, Adam; Nelson, Matthew R.; Oksenberg, Jorge R.; Hauser, Stephen L.; Williams, Scott; Froment, Alain; Bodo, Jean-Marie; Wambebe, Charles; Tishkoff, Sarah A.; Bustamante, Carlos D.

2009-01-01

296

"Niggaz Dyin' Don't Make No News": Exploring the Intellectual Work of an African American Urban Adolescent Boy in an After-School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, and from the standpoint of an African American woman teacher/researcher, the author explores what happened when one African American adolescent boy known inside of school as a "severely disengaged" student cultivated literacy practices and events of his own volition in an after-school program. The author asks, how does race and…

Staples, Jeanine M.

2012-01-01

297

Psychosocial Correlates of Smoking Trajectories Among Urban African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known of smoking trajectories or of the correlates of smoking trajectories among African American youth. Ninth-grade African American adolescents (n = 566) were interviewed in Year 1 and then were subsequently interviewed annually for 3 additional years. Five trajectories of cigarette smokers were identified: abstainers,…

Fergus, Stevenson; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Caldwell, Cleopatra H.

2005-01-01

298

The experiences of African American graduate students: A cultural transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) have long been an intellectual resource for the African American community. HBCUs have provided and continue to provide an educational pathway for many Black students, particularly women who seek graduate and advanced degrees. However, despite the overwhelmingly positive presence of HBCU in the African American community, the academic training of students who graduate from

Joretta Joseph

2007-01-01

299

African Americans Respond Poorly to Hepatitis C Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans have a significantly lower response rate to treatment for chronic hepatitis C than non-Hispanic Whites, according to a new study led by Duke University Medical Center researchers. Some African Americans--19 percent--did respond to the drug combination of peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin. But in non-Hispanic Whites with the…

Black Issues in Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

300

Creating Caring and Nurturing Educational Environments for African American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study focuses on an African American High school in Alabama, the Treholm High School tracing its history for its 90 years until it was closed by court order in 1969, and emphasizing what it was about the school that made it effective in the teaching of African American students. In order to present a perspective on which educational…

Morris, Vivian Gunn; Morris, Curtis L.

301

A Profile of Bereavement Supports in African American Church Congregations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bereavement educators, counselors, clergy, and other specialists have observed that African Americans tend to under-utilize end-of-life palliative care services and general bereavement resources. The literature suggests that involving clergy in outreach to the African American community may be a viable strategy for developing bereavement supports.…

Moore, Penelope J.; Hazell, LaVone V.; Honeyghan, Edna M.

302

Patterns of Violent Behavior and Victimization among African American Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews types of reported problems among African American youth exposed to violence and victimization. A substantial number of African American youth reported being exposed to direct victimization while in transit to and from school. Discusses the impact of violence on mental health status, in that subjects exposed to violence exhibited…

McGee, Zina T.

1999-01-01

303

Focus on the African American Male: A Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the problems of African-American males, and argues that a focus on high literacy for this population is an important strategy for addressing the crisis of education and incarceration. Suggests that literacy is essential to African-American males' participation in the economy. (JB)

Scales, Alice M.

1992-01-01

304

Mathematics Education: The Voice of African American and White Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several studies have provided evidence regarding factors that contribute to the mathematics achievement gap between African American and White students. Byrnes (2003) found that 45%-50% of the difference in White and African American students' performance in mathematics was associated with socioeconomic status, exposure to learning opportunities,…

King, Sharondrea R.

2010-01-01

305

Bilingualism and How it Impacts the African American Child  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the era of bilingualism increase in many states, African American children are some how being overlooked. There are many challenges for non-native Spanish speakers. Many of the school programs are focused on ESL (English as a Second Language), ELL (English Language Learner), or LEP (Limited English Proficiency) students. The authors provide recommendations on how African American children should be

Taiwanna D. Anthony; William A. Kritsonis

2006-01-01

306

Enriching Inclusive Learning: African Americans in Historic Costume  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educating students to embrace diversity and value all people is a core value of educators in family and consumer sciences (FCS). For instructors in FCS, integrating the contributions of African Americans--particularly in textiles and clothing--can be an inclusive learning opportunity. The authors compiled resources on African Americans and…

Ratute, Ashley; Marcketti, Sara B.

2009-01-01

307

Higher Education and the Early Education of African American Ministers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education of African American ministers in the United States has been little researched. Numerous books address the profession of ministry and the education of Blacks in general, but most do not specifically address issues pertaining to the professional education of Black ministers. The majority of the hurdles African Americans faced were…

Cooks, Michael

2010-01-01

308

Teaching African-American History in the Age of Obama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author proposed a spring course on major topics in African-American history, drawing a large enrollment was her chief concern. She had previously taught the course under a different title at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, a campus with a sizable African-American presence among students and faculty members. She now teaches…

Millward, Jessica

2009-01-01

309

Perceived Peer Norms and Sexual Intentions Among African American Preadolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research was to examine whether perceived peer dating and sexual experience norms are related to attitudes toward dating and sexual behavior and to precoital and sexual intentions among African American preadolescents. Participants included 1,046 African American youth aged 9-12 years (M = 10.57 years). Youth completed a…

Wallace, Scyatta A.; Miller, Kim S.; Forehand, Rex

2008-01-01

310

Breast cancer in African American women: Epidemiology and tumor biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This review of published data on the epidemiology, pathology, and molecular biology of breast cancer in African American women seeks to identify how the etiology and presentation of the disease differ from those in white women. The crossover from higher to lower age-specific incidence rates in African American women at age 45 cannot be explained by current data on

Bruce J. Trock

1996-01-01

311

Clustering of Risk Behaviours among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Individuals may engage in more than one risk behaviour at any given time. The extent to which risk behaviours cluster among African American adults has been largely unexplored. This study examined the prevalence and clustering of three risk behaviours among African American church members: smoking; low moderate-to-vigorous intensity…

Baruth, M.; Addy, C. L.; Wilcox, S.; Dowda, M.

2012-01-01

312

Exposure to Immunization Media Messages among African American Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. African Americans have low immunization rates, yet little is known about their immunization knowledge, attitudes, and practices or about the effect of outreach to this audience. In Spring 1997, the California Department of Health Services (CDHS) launched a statewide culturally sensitive and ethnically specific media campaign directed toward African Americans. This campaign was preceded by a major Los Angeles

Nan Lashuay; Tom Tjoa; Maria Luisa Zuniga de Nuncio; MaeRetha Franklin; John Elder; Marcy Jones

2000-01-01

313

Barriers to Breastfeeding Among African American Adolescent Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to define the barriers to breastfeeding in the inner city African American adolescent mother. The study was conducted at Johnnie Ruth Clarke Health Center in St. Petersburg, Florida from October 1999 to February 2000. The study population included 25 African American adolescent mothers between the ages of 15 and 21 years. The results indicate

Kim Brownell; Laurencia Hutton; Jacqueline Hartman; Sharon Dabrow

2002-01-01

314

Race and gender in play practices: young African American males  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a study with young African American men, to gain a better understanding of the impacts of cultural and gender identity on play practices and to explore the relationship between cultural play practices and interest in computing. Our findings indicate that while young African American men play video games frequently, their objectives in playing may be

Betsy DiSalvo; Amy Bruckman

2010-01-01

315

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia Among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial to measure paranoia on a continuum, but few

Dennis R. Combs; David L. Penn; Jeffrey Cassisi; Chris Michael; Terry Wood; Jill Wanner; Scott Adams

2006-01-01

316

Culture: A Possible Predictor of Morality for African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the ways in which cultural orientation (communalism and material well-being) and empathy influence the moral reasoning of African American middle to late adolescents. Specifically, this study utilized path analysis to investigate Ward's (1995) hypothesis that a communal orientation would promote morality among African American

Humphries, Marisha L.; Jagers, Robert J.

2009-01-01

317

African American Athletes’ Experiences of Race in Sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a qualitative exploration of male and female African American athletes’ experiences of race and race discrimination with regard to specific incidents that occurred during their athletic careers. Eight African American athletes from different competitive levels and sports were interviewed to obtain a deeper understanding of their experiences of race and race discrimination and the role it played

Suzanne Malia Lawrence

2005-01-01

318

Dimensions of Academic Contingencies among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from existing literature, the authors conceptualized a two-dimensional framework of African American students' academic contingencies of self-worth. The results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses with a sample of African American college freshmen (N = 330) supported this prediction. Self-Worth Dependent academic…

Griffin, Tiffany Monique; Chavous, Tabbye; Cogburn, Courtney; Branch, LaToya; Sellers, Robert

2012-01-01

319

Resiliency Instructional Tactics: African American Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools and classrooms, if well conceived, can serve as protective environments for the positive development of African American students with learning disabilities (LD) (Keogh & Weisner, 1993). Many African American students who lack resiliency often struggle with life's challenges and may be predisposed to negative outcomes in life, so the focus…

Jones, Vita L.

2011-01-01

320

African-American Girls’ Dietary Intake while Watching Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Television viewing has been associated with childhood obesity, although the mechanisms that link television viewing to higher BMI have not been established. Therefore, our objectives, in this report, were to describe the amount and types of foods that African-American girls consume while watching television and to examine the associations between African-American girls’ BMI and the food they consume while

Donna M. Matheson; Yun Wang; Lisa M. Klesges; Bettina M. Beech; Helena C. Kraemer; Thomas N. Robinson

2004-01-01

321

Barriers to Effective Mental Health Services for African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many African Americans—especially the most marginal—suffer from mental health problems and would benefit from timely access to appropriate forms of care. However, few seek treatment from outpatient providers in the specialty mental health sector and those who do are at risk of dropping out. African Americans visit providers in the general medical sector, although they use another hypothesized alternative to

Lonnie R. Snowden

2001-01-01

322

The Perceived Realism of African American Portrayals on Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on questionnaire responses from 412 undergraduate students, this study sought to examine specific perceptions (i.e., occupational roles, negative personality characteristics, low achieving status, and positive stereotypes) of African American portrayals on television. Results revealed that television viewers perceive the occupational roles and personality characteristics that African Americans portray on television as real or true to life. On the contrary,

Narissra M. Punyanunt-Carter

2008-01-01

323

Mentoring African American Faculty in Predominantly White Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mentoring has been identified as a method to facilitate the professional growth and development of African American faculty and to increase their representation in predominantly White institutions. However, there is little empirical evidence from studies of this group to suggest that this is the case. This article presents findings from a study of the mentoring experiences of African American faculty

Linda C. Tillman

2001-01-01

324

THE TELEVISION PORTRAYALS OF AFRICAN AMERICANS AND RACIAL ATTITUDES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television often portrays African Americans in unfavorable positions in comparison to Caucasians. Typically these unfavorable depictions reinforce negative stereotypes associated with African Americans. Research indicates that television portrayals can influence people's attitudes toward one another. A question left unanswered by current research: are mass-mediated images as influential at reversing or counteracting stereotypes as they are at reinforcing them? An experiment

JONI G. V. DUBRIEL

325

Mattering: The African American Experience in Historically White Fraternities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the issues of race and mattering in relation to African American participation within historically White fraternities. Participant perspectives were obtained through six interviews with African American males at four collegial institutions within the Southeastern Region of the United States. Critical Race Theory was utilized to framed issues surrounding race in a

Eric J. Summers

2010-01-01

326

Gender Role Identity and Stress in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Womanism is a feminist perspective that has recently been appropriated for social work practice with African American women (Littlefleld, in press). It emphasizes the centrality of gender role in African American women's psychosocial adaptation, and asserts that the archetypal gender role for this group incorporates both nurturing and economic providing functions. This gender role fluidity has been characterized both as

Melissa B. Littlefield

2004-01-01

327

"Teaching while Black": Narratives of African American Student Affairs Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American faculty have historically been underrepresented within predominantly white institutions (PWIs) and deal with academic isolation, marginalization of their scholarship, and racial hostility. Little is known about the experiences of African American faculty who teach in student affairs graduate programs. The purpose of this study was…

Patton, Lori D.; Catching, Christopher

2009-01-01

328

76 FR 32851 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...8684 of May 31, 2011 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation The music of our Nation has always spoken to the...shared values. During African-American Music Appreciation Month, we honor the...

2011-06-07

329

75 FR 32075 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...8527 of May 28, 2010 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation Music can tell a story, assuage our sorrows...including the African- American community, music unites individuals through a shared...

2010-06-07

330

The Impact of Law on African American Males  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes whether federal and state constitutional and statutory provisions sufficiently protect African American male students from racism in public education. The first section explains how structural racism and unconscious racism have worked in tandem to prevent many African American males from experiencing the promise of equal educational opportunity in Brown v. Board of Education (1954). The second section

Preston C. Green

2008-01-01

331

HIV Treatment in African Americans: Challenges and Opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the current standard of care for HIV infection as well as how health disparities in the HIV care of African Americans present challenges for both providers and patients. The potential side effects in these antiretroviral treatment regimens that may be a source of additional challenges in treating African Americans are highlighted. A brief review of these issues

Victoria A. Cargill; Valerie E. Stone; M. Renee Robinson

2004-01-01

332

Retention Issues and Models for African American Male Athletes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the special challenges and benefits college athletes encounter. This in-depth study of 31 male athletes (part of an ongoing survey of 2,395 African-American students) points to the need for supported and structured programs. Offers three effective models for organizing initiatives to retain African-American male student athletes. (EMK)

Person, Dawn R.; LeNoir, Kenya M.

1997-01-01

333

Experiences of African American Empowerment: A Jamesian Perspective on Agency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay draws from the work of William James and three African American pragmatists, W.E.B. Du Bois, Ralph Ellison and Cornel West, to explore the moral relevance of the self as an empowered agent among African American youth. The focus is on Jamesian agency as a function of the individual's awareness of options in context, the self-empowerment…

Curtis-Tweed, Phyllis

2003-01-01

334

African-American College Students' Perceptions Of Sexual Coercion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the phenomenon of sexual coercion has been studied extensively, little is known about African-American college students' perceptions about verbal sexual coercion. Using a phenomenological approach, the researchers conducted five focus group interviews with 39 African-American students (20 females, 19 males) at a large Midwestern university…

Mouzon, LaTonya D.; Battle, Alicia; Clark, Kevin P.; Coleman, Stephanie; Ogletree, Roberta J.

2005-01-01

335

Family influences on the career development of African American children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate how families influence the career education and career awareness of African American students in grades K-3. Existing literature indicated that scholars have focused their attention on the career education of college level students and counselors working with students in high schools; however, research did not indicate how families influence African American children’s

Elaine Roundtree Love

2009-01-01

336

African Americans and Recovery from Severe Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This hermeneutic phenomenological study examined the lived experience of African-American persons recovering from serious and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Semi-structured interviews were conducted at three time points (6, 12, and 18 months) with nine African Americans with SPMI. A culturally sensitive perspective informed the data analysis. Interviews were transcribed, read, and coded to cluster thematic aspects in each case and

Marilyn Peterson Armour; William Bradshaw; David Roseborough

2009-01-01

337

Confluent paranoia and memory deficits in schizophrenia among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether or not there is a cultural dimension to paranoid symptom expression among African Americans has been debated for decades. A companion study has demonstrated the significance of culture as a moderator variable in African Americans expression of paranoia in terms of cognitive deficits among schizophrenics. Also, there is evidence that confluent paranoia or the interaction between culture and pathology

Arthur L. Whaley; John Dubose; Courtney Harris

2012-01-01

338

African American Women and Breastfeeding: An Integrative Literature Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to present a review of literature regarding factors that influence breastfeeding intentions, initiation, and duration in the African American population. Research related to health disparities experienced by African Americans in the United States, as well as research regarding the protective benefits of breastfeeding for those specific health disparities, are also presented. Community and institutional

Becky S. Spencer; Jane S. Grassley

2012-01-01

339

Counseling Groups for African American Women: A Focus on Spirituality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains cultural and spiritual traditions within African American women's experience that form the foundation for group counseling strategies. Reviews literature regarding African American women's experience in groups. Explains group interventions such as art, music, dance, imagery, journaling, and rituals that can help transcend, empower, and…

Williams, Carmen Braun; Frame, Marsha Wiggins; Green, Evelyn

1999-01-01

340

Counseling African American Men: A Contextualized Humanistic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, the humanity of African American men has been attacked in a cruel and vicious manner. African American men have been categorized as animalistic beings without intellectual or moral qualities. In this article, it is argued that a contextualized humanistic approach can offer counselors an important corrective to the typical dehumanized…

Johnson, Phillip D.

2006-01-01

341

Parental influences on academic performance in African-American students  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the relationship between parental influences and academic outcomes for African-American students. Secondary data analysis was conducted on the National Survey of Family and Household data set. Multiple regression analysis showed that parenting style (nurture and control) and parental involvement significantly predicted academic outcomes. Research has traditionally focused on the reasons for the failure of African-American students to succeed

Lorraine C. Taylor; Ivora D. Hinton; Melvin N. Wilson

1995-01-01

342

Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.

343

Culturally Competent Counseling for Religious and Spiritual African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religion and spirituality are deeply rooted in traditional African American culture. Data suggest that African American adolescents maintain higher baseline rates of religious activities and beliefs than their peers (Bachman, Johnston, & O'Malley, 2005; Smith, Faris, Denton, & Regnerus, 2003). Recognizing these data, this article examines…

Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Day-Vines, Norma L.

2008-01-01

344

Brother to Brother: Success for African-American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses Brother to Brother, a program designed to help African-American men stay in college and graduate. St. Petersburg College formed this program seven years ago as a means not only of recruiting male African-American students, but also to identify issues that cause them to be at risk for dropping out and to use retention…

Henningsen, Stephanie

2005-01-01

345

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history…

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

346

Raising African American Student Achievement: California Goals, Local Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although academic performance is a concern, African American students represent less than 8 percent of California's K-12 students, and at times get lost in California policy debates about improving student performance. Findings of this study indicate that: (1) California's African American students are concentrated in relatively few counties and…

EdSource, 2008

2008-01-01

347

Access to Literacy Programs: Perspectives of African-American Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans are underrepresented in adult literacy programs. African-American adult literacy students were interviewed on their reasons for program attendance and nonattendance. Timing was the most important factor determining attendance. Subjects believed the educational system made learning difficult for them, and increased literacy would…

Denny, Verna Haskins

1992-01-01

348

African-American Grandmothers as Health Educators in the Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 18,000 adolescents die each year in the United States from bicycle, motorcycle, car, and truck accidents. This study sought to understand the role of African-American grandmothers as prevention-oriented health educators in the family. Full Model Fitted Regression Analyses were conducted on a sample of African-American grandmothers (N =…

Watson, Jeffrey A.; Randolph, Suzanne M.; Lyons, James L.

2005-01-01

349

African Americans' Access to Vocational Rehabilitation Services after Antidiscrimination Legislation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine changes in African Americans' access to occasional rehabilitation (VR) services subsequent to landmark legislative and judicial antidiscrimination provisions of the mid-20th century. This study compared African American VR access before the antidiscrimination legislation in 1937 and after the legislation…

Mwachofi, Ari K.

2008-01-01

350

Promoting Achievement for African American Males through Group Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe how the effective use of groups can promote academic achievement for adolescent African American males. Literature regarding adolescents' and African Americans' experience with groups is reviewed. The authors provide information on academic disidentification and achievement gaps, both critical to understanding the problem of…

Bailey, Deryl F.; Bradbury-Bailey, Mary E.

2007-01-01

351

Mathematics education: The voice of African American and white adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have provided evidence regarding factors that contribute to the mathematics achievement gap between African American and White students. Byrnes (2003) found that 45%-50% of the difference in White and African American students' performance in mathematics was associated with socioeconomic status, exposure to learning opportunities, and motivational aspects of math while 4.5% was explained by ethnicity. The goal in

Sharondrea R King

2010-01-01

352

Local and External Language Standards in African American English  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation attempts to determine the social distribution and contextual shifting of African American English (AAE) within rural Southern African American communities. The study compares selective diagnostic AAE variables and features of speech rate and pause in the speech of three recognized sociopolitical leaders in public presentations and sociolinguistic interviews. The results show that there are not significant shifts in

Tyler Kendall; Walt Wolfram

2009-01-01

353

Beyond Statistics: African American Male Persistence in Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative case study that consists of six African American male participants is to examine, describe, and analyze African American male persistence factors at a community college in the midwest of the United States. The study uses qualitative content analysis as a research method that provides a systematic and objective means…

Dickens, Manuel Dewayne

2012-01-01

354

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial…

Combs, Dennis R.; Penn, David L.; Cassisi, Jeffrey; Michael, Chris; Wood, Terry; Wanner, Jill; Adams, Scott

2006-01-01

355

African American Counselor Educators: Their Experiences, Challenges, and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the career experiences of African American counselor educators in programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs. Results indicated that African American counselor educators perceived publishing, colleagues' racism, and lack of mentoring as major barriers to the attainment of…

Bradley, Carla; Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl

2004-01-01

356

These Hallowed Halls: African American Women College and University Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early laws prohibited African Americans from learning to read and write in the United States. The right to an education has produced a significant number of African American women acquiring higher education. Racial and gender diversity at the presidential level in higher education 4-year institutions appears to be changing rapidly. The data…

Bates, Gerri

2007-01-01

357

Work Stress in the Family Life of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the link between job-related stressors and family life among African Americans. Data from African Americans who participated in the America's Changing Lives survey indicated that job latitude positively affected marital harmony, and physical demands negatively affected marital harmony. Psychosocial demands, job bother, and chronic…

Broman, Clifford L.

2001-01-01

358

Perceived Racism and Encouragement among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial discrimination has negatively affected African Americans in the United States for centuries and produced one of the most publicly recognized histories of social oppression. Extensive research has shown the deleterious effects of racism on African American people and clearly demonstrated that perceived racism and discrimination may…

Rowles, Joanna; Duan, Changming

2012-01-01

359

The College Life Experiences of African American Women Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study provides a descriptive analysis of four areas of African American women student athletes' college life experiences: academic performance; alienation and abuse; perceived social advantage as the result of athletics; and life satisfaction. Multivariate comparisons were made between the four areas of college life experiences of 154 African American women student athletes and 793 White women student athletes,

Robert M. Sellers; Gabriel P. Kuperminc; Alphonse Damas

1997-01-01

360

Racialized Sexual Harassment in the Lives of African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, scholars who investigate sexual harassment have been disturbingly silent about issues facing women of color. The current study describes results of a qualitative study of sexual and racial harassment conducted with 37 African American women. These data indicate that African American women cannot easily separate issues of race and gender when considering their personal accounts of victimization, which

Nicole T. Buchanan; Alayne J. Ormerod

2002-01-01

361

School Climate and Teacher Beliefs in a School Effectively Serving Poor South Carolina (USA) African-American Students: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the roles of school climate, teacher expectations, and instructional practices in one elementary school in South Carolina (USA) that produced effective achievement outcomes with poor and minority students. Survey data, teacher interviews, and classroom videotaping was used to identify school characteristics and instructional…

Brown, Kimberly E.; Medway, Frederic J.

2007-01-01

362

The Inventory of Teacher-Student Relationships: Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity among African American Youth in Low-Income Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Inventory of Teacher-Student Relationships (IT-SR), a measure that was developed by adapting the widely used Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachments (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987) for use in the context of teacher-student relationships. The instrument was field tested…

Murray, Christopher; Zvoch, Keith

2011-01-01

363

Understanding curriculum in context: using currere to explore the perceptions, attitudes and practices of white teachers in classrooms with african american students  

E-print Network

As a careful look into the daily lived experiences of teachers in today’s schools, the overarching purpose of this study was to seek a clearer understanding of how race may be reflected in the construction of teachers’ perceptions and practices...

Milam, Jennifer Louise

2009-05-15

364

Correlates of African American Men's Sexual Schemas  

PubMed Central

Sexual schemas are cognitive representations of oneself as a sexual being and aid in the processing of sexually relevant information. We examined the relationship between sociosexuality (attitudes about casual sex), masculine ideology (attitudes toward traditional men and male roles), and cultural centrality (strength of identity with racial group) as significant psychosocial and sociocultural predictors in shaping young, heterosexual African American men's sexual schemas. A community sample (n=133) of men in a southeastern city of the United States completed quantitative self-report measures examining their attitudes and behavior related to casual sex, beliefs about masculinity, racial and cultural identity, and self-views of various sexual aspects of themselves. Results indicated that masculine ideology and cultural centrality were both positively related to men's sexual schemas. Cultural centrality explained 12 % of the variance in level of sexual schema, and had the strongest correlation of the predictor variables with sexual schema (r=.36). The need for more attention to the bidirectional relationships between masculinity, racial/cultural identity, and sexual schemas in prevention, intervention, and public health efforts for African American men is discussed. PMID:24031118

Morales, Dawn A.; Coyne-Beasley, Tamera; St. Lawrence, Janet

2013-01-01

365

African American Patients' Perspectives on Medical Decision Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The medical literature offers little infor- mationabouthowolderAfricanAmericansviewthemedi- cal decision-making process. We sought to describe the perspectives of older African American patients in a pri- mary care clinic as they consider a medical decision. Methods: We interviewed 25 African American pa- tientsolderthan50yearswhohaddiscussedflexiblesig- moidoscopy with their primary care provider. Inter- views were analyzed using qualitative methods. Results:Patientslistedconcernsaboutcancerandhealth, risks and benefits, their

Alexia M. Torke; Giselle M. Corbie-Smith; William T. Branch

2004-01-01

366

African-American women and abortion: a neglected history.  

PubMed

The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a brief historical record of the ways African-American women have sought to control their fertility through the use of abortion and birth control. It also examines the activism of African-American women in the establishment of family planning clinics and in defense of abortion rights. PMID:1420666

Ross, L J

1992-01-01

367

African Americans, hypertension and the renin angiotensin system  

PubMed Central

African Americans have exceptionally high rates of hypertension and hypertension related complications. It is commonly reported that the blood pressure lowering efficacy of renin angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors is attenuated in African Americans due to a greater likelihood of having a low renin profile. Therefore these agents are often not recommended as initial therapy in African Americans with hypertension. However, the high prevalence of comorbid conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease makes treatment with RAS inhibitors more compelling. Despite lower circulating renin levels and a less significant fall in blood pressure in response to RAS inhibitors in African Americans, numerous clinical trials support the efficacy of RAS inhibitors to improve clinical outcomes in this population, especially in those with hypertension and risk factors for cardiovascular and related diseases. Here, we discuss the rationale of RAS blockade as part of a comprehensive approach to attenuate the high rates of premature morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension among African Americans. PMID:25276290

Williams, Sandra F; Nicholas, Susanne B; Vaziri, Nosratola D; Norris, Keith C

2014-01-01

368

African Americans, hypertension and the renin angiotensin system.  

PubMed

African Americans have exceptionally high rates of hypertension and hypertension related complications. It is commonly reported that the blood pressure lowering efficacy of renin angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors is attenuated in African Americans due to a greater likelihood of having a low renin profile. Therefore these agents are often not recommended as initial therapy in African Americans with hypertension. However, the high prevalence of comorbid conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease makes treatment with RAS inhibitors more compelling. Despite lower circulating renin levels and a less significant fall in blood pressure in response to RAS inhibitors in African Americans, numerous clinical trials support the efficacy of RAS inhibitors to improve clinical outcomes in this population, especially in those with hypertension and risk factors for cardiovascular and related diseases. Here, we discuss the rationale of RAS blockade as part of a comprehensive approach to attenuate the high rates of premature morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension among African Americans. PMID:25276290

Williams, Sandra F; Nicholas, Susanne B; Vaziri, Nosratola D; Norris, Keith C

2014-09-26

369

Black-white unions: West Indians and African Americans compared.  

PubMed

In this research we use 1990 PUMS data to compare the propensity for unions between African Americans and native whites with the propensity for unions between British West Indians and native whites. In addition, we distinguish women and men. Descriptive statistics indicate that West Indians, with the exception of men who arrived as adults, are more likely than African Americans to have white partners. After the introduction of controls for several correlates of intermarriage, however, West Indian men of any generation have lower exogamy rates than African American men, while exogamy rates are higher among West Indian women who arrived as children or who were born in the United States than among African American women. Thus we find no consistent evidence of greater exogamy for British West Indians than for African Americans. PMID:11392906

Model, S; Fisher, G

2001-05-01

370

"Is the Tape Off?" African American Respondents' Spontaneous Discussions of Race and Racism When the Researcher Is Also African American.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the dynamic of race within the research process when researchers and respondents were African American, looking at critical race theory. It was part of a larger study on the cultures of inner city schools at the beginning of a privately funded scholarship program. Researchers were both African American and white. This paper…

Newsom, M. Cookie; Ridenour, Carolyn; Kinnucan-Welsh, Kathryn

371

Family protective factors among urban African American youth.  

PubMed

Examined the relations among family protective factors, stressful events, and behavioral adjustment of 64 African American 6th graders. The youths reported on family stressors, father-figure involvement, and kin support. Their primary caregivers reported on parenting, father-figure involvement, and family stressors. Teachers reported on child social skill deficits, acting out, and shy or anxious behavior. Based on regression analyses, stress exposure associated positively with child social skill deficits, acting out, and shy or anxious behavior. Parental warmth was associated negatively with shy or anxious behavior. Parental use of corporal punishment was associated positively with child acting out. For youth exposed to high numbers of family stressors, parental demandingness was associated negatively with child acting out and kin support was associated negatively with acting out and shy or anxious behavior, suggesting that these family factors partially shield children from the negative effects of stress. PMID:10353074

McCabe, K M; Clark, R; Barnett, D

1999-06-01

372

A Teacher Proposed Heuristic for ICT Professional Teacher Development and Implementation in the South African Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative interpretive exploratory case study investigated a sample of South African teachers' perceptions of the requirements for successful implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Professional Teacher Development (PTD) within disadvantaged South African township schools in the Port Elizabeth district in South…

du Plessis, Andre; Webb, Paul

2012-01-01

373

American racism and African diplomats: race and American Cold War policy in West Africa  

E-print Network

ramifications of the experiences of African diplomats in the United States during the Kennedy administration within both a national and international context. African encounters with American racism illustrate the interplay between foreign policy and domestic...

Oriabure, Stephannie Ebhota

2012-06-07

374

African Sojourn: Two Narratives of African American Women Educators' Educational Philosophy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how the educational philosophies of two representative African American women university professors were influenced by multiple sojourns between Africa and North America. Two African American women born in the 1940s were interviewed about their early educational experiences, racial identity, and experiences in Africa. Each…

Pollard, Mignonne Y.

375

African American and European American Mothers' Beliefs About Negative Emotions and Emotion Socialization Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The authors examined mothers’ beliefs about their children's negative emotions and their emotion socialization practices. Design. A total of 65 African American and 137 European American mothers of 5-year-old children reported their beliefs and typical responses to children's negative emotions, and mothers’ emotion teaching practices were observed. Results. African American mothers reported that the display of negative emotions was

Jackie A. Nelson; Esther M. Leerkes; Marion OBrien; Susan D. Calkins; Stuart Marcovitch

2012-01-01

376

Breast Cancer in African-American Women: Differences in Tumor Biology from European-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disparities exist between African-American and European- American women in the incidence and nature of breast cancer. African-American women are more often diagnosed with breast cancer at an earlier age and with more aggressive disease, characterized by higher grade and negative estrogen and progesterone receptor status. Recent findings reveal specific gene expression patterns associated with the more aggressive breast cancers observed

Kandace Amend; David Hicks; Christine B. Ambrosone

377

Female and Relationship Devaluation among African American and Latino American Youth: Is What's Normal Really Normal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study used focus group interviews to examine beliefs and social norms regarding female and relationship devaluation among a sample of economically challenged male African American and Latino American youth (N = 57; aged 15–17 years). Most Latino boys felt women are devalued in relationships because Latina women like to be physically or verbally abused. Among African American male

Ronald Peters; Regina Jones Johnson; Charles Savage; Angela Meshack; Paula Espinoza; Troy Jefferson

2010-01-01

378

Exploring the Link between Self-Construal and Distress among African American and Asian American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated ethnicity, self-construal, and distress among African American and Asian American college students. African American students expressed more salient independent self-construals, whereas Asian American students expressed more salient interdependent self-construals. As hypothesized, among African American participants,…

Christopher, Michael S.; Skillman, Gemma D.

2009-01-01

379

The Effects of Age at Kindergarten Entry on the Reading Proficiency of African American and European American Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

European American students are more likely delayed entrance in kindergarten than African American students. This study examined whether age at kindergarten entry influences the reading proficiency skills of African American and European American students at the start of kindergarten, at the end of first grade, and at the end of third grade. Using a sample of 1,320 African Americans and

Donald Easton-Brooks; Amber Brown

2010-01-01

380

Denmark: Lessons for American Principals and Teachers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes positive aspects of Denmark's "class teacher" system wherein the same group of students, evenly divided by sex, remain together with the same teacher from grades 1 through 9. Includes description of testing, school and classroom discipline, and group work. Compares Danish schools with American schools. (PKP)

Morrill, Richard

2003-01-01

381

African & African-American Studies University of Kansas  

E-print Network

........................................................ 9 Funding & Awards environment and in a global community. The objective of the Master of Arts program in African and African requiring an integrative approach to the study of history, politics, economics, the arts, languages, culture

382

Effectiveness of Diabetes Prevention Program translations among African Americans.  

PubMed

The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) demonstrated risk reduction for incident diabetes through weight loss among all participants, including African Americans. Several DPP translations have been conducted in less controlled settings, including primary care practices and communities; however, there is no detailed compilation of how effective these translations have been for African Americans. This systematic literature review evaluated DPP translations from 2003 to 2012. Eligible records were retrieved using a search strategy of relevant databases and gray literature. Retrieved records (n?=?1,272) were screened using a priori criteria, which resulted in 21 full-text studies for review. Seventeen studies were included in the full-text qualitative synthesis. Seven studies had 100% African American samples and 10 studies had mixed samples with African American subgroups. African American participants' average weight loss was roughly half of that achieved in the DPP intervention. However, with few higher-quality studies, small sample sizes and differences in intervention designs and implementation, comparisons across interventions were difficult. The suboptimal effectiveness of DPP translations among African American adults, particularly women, signals the need for enhancements to existing evidence-based interventions and more high-quality research that includes other at-risk African American subgroups such as men and younger adults of lower socioeconomic status. PMID:25196409

Samuel-Hodge, C D; Johnson, C M; Braxton, D F; Lackey, M

2014-10-01

383

Provider Characteristics Desired by African American Women in Prenatal Care  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe provider characteristics African American pregnant women identified as important when interacting with their prenatal care providers in an outpatient office setting. Study Design and Method A descriptive qualitative design was used to explore provider characteristics desired by African American women receiving prenatal care at two inner-city hospital–based obstetric clinics. A total of 22 African American women between the ages of 19 and 28 years participated in the study. Findings Four major provider characteristic themes emerged from the data: (a) demonstrating quality patient–provider communication, (b) providing continuity of care, (c) treating the women with respect, and (d) delivering compassionate care. Discussion and Conclusion An overarching theme revealed by the data analysis was the desire by African American women in this study to have their prenatal providers know and remember them. They wanted their providers to understand the context of their lives from their prenatal interactions. Incorporating findings from this study to improve patient–provider interactions during prenatal care could provide an increased understanding of the many complex variables affecting African American women’s lives. Implications for Practice and Research Prenatal care provides an opportunity for African American women to develop a trusting relationship with a provider. Developing models of prenatal care congruent with the realities of African American women’s lives has the potential to improve patient–provider interactions and potentially affect birth outcomes. PMID:21191039

Lori, Jody R.; Yi, Chin Hwa; Martyn, Kristy K.

2012-01-01

384

Differences in Acute Response to Alcohol between African Americans and European Americans  

PubMed Central

Background Response to alcohol is a widely studied risk factor and potential endophenotype for alcohol use disorders. Research on African American response to alcohol has been limited despite large differences in alcohol use between African Americans and European Americans. Extending our previous work on the African American portion of this sample, the current study examined differences in acute subjective response to alcohol between African Americans and European Americans. Additionally, we tested if the association between response to alcohol and past month drinking behavior and alcohol-related problems differed across race. Methods One hundred and seventy eight participants (mean age = 21.87, SD = 1.23; 57% African American) who were moderate to heavy social drinkers completed an alcohol administration study in a laboratory setting, receiving a moderate dose of alcohol (0.72g/kg alcohol for males, 0.65g/kg for females). Acute alcohol response was measured at 8 time points (i.e., baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, and 150 minutes). Results Latent growth curve models showed that African Americans experienced sharper increases in stimulation on the ascending limb compared to European Americans. African American women experienced sharper increases in sedation on the ascending limb compared to European American women. Change in sedation on the ascending limb was associated with past month drinking behavior. Stimulation on the ascending limb was related to alcohol-problems for African Americans but not European Americans. Conclusions We found differences in response to alcohol across racial groups: African Americans showed a stronger response to alcohol. Future studies are needed to incorporate response to alcohol into a larger model of African American alcohol use. PMID:23398190

Pedersen, Sarah L.; McCarthy, Denis M.

2013-01-01

385

In Search of Coherence and Meaning: Madison Morgan's Experiences and Motivations as an African American Learner and Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Teachers in urban schools are sometimes seen as a large part of the problem with such schools; they are often spoken of as not knowing the content they need to know to teach, are not seen as committed to excellence or to reform-minded teaching, and therefore are not seen as a resource for school improvement. The case of Madison…

Birky, Geoffrey D.; Chazan, Daniel; Farlow Morris, Kellyn

2013-01-01

386

The English History of African American English. Language and Society Series; 28.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays on the history of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) include: an introduction to the evolution of AAVE within the African American diaspora (Shana Poplack); "Rephrasing the Copula: Contraction and Zero in Early African American English" (James A. Walker); "Reconstructing the Source of Early African American English Plural Marking: A…

Poplack, Shana, Ed.

387

Is No Child Left Behind "Wise Schooling" for African American Male Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To improve achievement among African American students, education professionals must pay special attention to African American male achievement and reframe the academic achievement gap as a treatment gap. Engagement studies suggest that African American students, and African American boys in particular, are susceptible to academic disengagement.…

McMillian, M. Monique

2004-01-01

388

Conjuring Moments and Other Such Hoodoo: African American Women & Spirit Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking the intersection of African American folklore and literature as its focus, this project investigates the conjure woman as a literary figure. African American healing women are prominent in African American literature, but are largely underrepresented in the discourse surrounding African American women, representation, and literary figures. My research reconstructs the negative connotation attached to women healers in the United

Kameelah L. Martin

2006-01-01

389

Gender-Based Salary Differences in African American Senior Student Affairs Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study examined representation and salary differences related to gender for African American Senior Student Affairs Officers (SSAOs). Data from a national survey revealed gender and institutional size significantly affect mean SSAO salary for African American respondents. African American women SSAOs make significantly less than African American

Reason, Robert D.

2003-01-01

390

A New Audience Segmentation Tool for African Americans: The Black Identity Classification Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many health communications target African Americans in an attempt to remediate race-based health disparities. Such materials often assume that African Americans are culturally homogeneous; however, research indicates that African Americans are heterogeneous in their attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs. The Black Identity Classification Scale (BICS) was designed as a telephone-administered tool to segment African American audiences into 16 ethnic identity types.

Rachel E. Davis; Gwen Alexander; Josephine Calvi; Cheryl Wiese; Sarah Greene; Mike Nowak; William E. Cross Jr; Ken Resnicow

2010-01-01

391

Nuances of Error: Considerations Relevant to African American Vernacular English and Learning to Read  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the presence of African American Vernacular English patterns in the reading of one child over a 20-week period. In this paper, I present insights from linguists about African American Vernacular English, list linguistic patterns characteristic of African American Vernacular English speakers, examine the relationship between the African American Vernacular English and learning to read, and examine the

Catherine Compton-Lilly

392

The Linguistics Program at the University of South Carolina presents: Interrogating African American  

E-print Network

immigrants to New York City and their African American counterparts. Just as African American English associated with New York City, African Americans and/or Caribbean English Creoles. An examination: Interrogating African American: Language Variation in New York City's Black Populations Dr. Renée Blake New York

Almor, Amit

393

Communication Development and Disorders in African American Children: Research, Assessment, and Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of papers on language development and African-American children includes: "The Challenges of Conducting Language Research with African American Children" (Holly K. Craig); "Issues in Recruiting African American Participants for Research" (Joyce L. Harris); "Issues in Assessing the Language Abilities of African American Children"…

Kamhi, Alan G., Ed.; And Others

394

Stigmatization in Alzheimer's disease research on African American elders.  

PubMed

Stigmatization in research sustains the spread of the silent epidemic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in African American populations. Researchers use stereotypes and inappropriate assumptions to select a paradigm to examine the symptoms of AD. This paradigm fails to encompass the symptoms as manifested by African American elders. Yet, stigmatization can be minimized by recognizing the genetic heterogeneity of the symptoms within the general population, especially those manifested by African American elders. Thus, researchers can utilize pioneering genetic analyses to identify other paradigms critical in the assessment and proactive treatment of the symptoms of AD needed for this vulnerable population. PMID:16284001

Holston, Ezra C

2005-12-01

395

What Women Need to Know about Breast Cancer - African American  

Cancer.gov

Yet, in 2013, more than 27,000 African American women will be diagnosed with breast cancer. The disease is the most common cancer among this group. And although African American women are less likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer than white women, those African American women who do develop the disease are more likely to die from it (more than 6,000 were projected to die in 2013) than women of any other racial or ethnic group in the United States.

396

The Segregation of American Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from a unique new survey of over 1,000 teachers in K-12 public schools across the country show that our teaching force is largely segregated. Using this new dataset, I find that teachers of different races are teaching students of very different racial composition, adding an extra dimension to growing student racial segregation. White teachers comprise an overwhelming majority of

Erica Frankenberg; Sherman Dorn; Gustavo Fischman

397

Emotion regulation strategies and later externalizing behavior among European American and African American children  

PubMed Central

Children’s early emotion regulation strategies (ERS) have been related to externalizing problems; however, most studies have included predominantly European American, middle-class children. The current study explores whether ERS use may have differential outcomes as a function of the mother’s ethnic culture. The study utilizes two diverse samples of low-income male toddlers to examine observed ERS during a delay of gratification task in relation to maternal and teacher reports of children’s externalizing behavior 2 to 6 years later. Although the frequencies of ERS were comparable between ethnic groups in both samples, the use of physical comfort seeking and self-soothing was positively related to African American children’s later externalizing behavior but negatively related to externalizing behavior for European American children in Sample 1. Data from Sample 2 appear to support this pattern for self-soothing in maternal, but not teacher, reportof externalizing behavior. Within group differences by income were examined as a possible explanatory factor accounting for the ethnic differences, but it was not supported. Alternative explanations are discussed to explain the pattern of findings. PMID:19338690

Supplee, Lauren H.; Skuban, Emily Moye; Shaw, Daniel S.; Prout, Joanna

2009-01-01

398

A mentoring pyramid for African American nursing students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain the African American nursing students' perception of a need for a mentoring program for this population. The percentage of ethnic minorities graduating from baccalaureate nursing programs has continued to decline since 1990 (National League of Nursing, 1995). The March 1996 National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses estimated there were 2,559,000 registered nurses in the United States. Only 107,500 of these nurses were African American. Data from the 1996 U.S. Census revealed African Americans to be the largest ethnic minority group in the country (14 percent). Based upon the number of racially and culturally diverse clients seeking healthcare, there is a gross underrepresentation of racially and culturally diverse nurses available to administer that care. The attrition rate for African American nursing students is high. Some of the reasons for this failure to retain and graduate African American students from schools of nursing are associated with the lack of mentoring relationships with persons whom students can relate to, feel comfortable with, learn from, and emulate. This study examined the perceptions of African American nursing students enrolled at a predominantly European-American public university in the Southeast United States. The students identified certain categories of needs they felt could be met in a mentoring relationship with a nurse educator. PMID:10624172

Buchanan, B W

1999-01-01

399

Worry Regarding Major Diseases Among Older African-American, Native-American, and Caucasian Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined worry regarding seven major diseases and their correlates in a sample of African-American (n = 57), Native-American (n = 50), and Caucasian (n = 53) women ages 36 to 91 years. African-American and Native-American women were most worried about developing cancer (44% and 50%, respectively) while Caucasian women were most worried about osteoporosis (37%) and cancer (33%).

Sara Wilcox; Barbara E. Ainsworth; Michael J. LaMonte; Katrina D. DuBose

2002-01-01

400

Predictors of Psychological Health among Rural-Residing African Americans  

E-print Network

The current study examined whether obesity contributed significantly to the prediction of depression and health status independent of other relevant factors such as sex, age, and perceived racism in a sample of 198 African Americans residing within...

Cook, Helene

2012-10-19

401

Dietary Fat Intake among Urban, African American Adolescents  

PubMed Central

This study examined commonly consumed high-fat food sources to estimate dietary fat intake among 314 urban, African American adolescents (mean age (SD) = 12.57 (.98) years; 66% female; 91% African American non-Hispanic; and 9% African American Hispanic). Youths’ fat intake was measured using the Block Fat Screener. Most (77%) participants had diets very high in fat (i.e., 40% to 50% of energy). Mean frequencies of consumption revealed youths’ preferences for the following high-fat food items: corn chips, potato chips, popcorn, and crackers; fried chicken; and doughnuts, pastries, cake, and cookies. Total fat intake differed based on youths’ age. Urban, African American adolescents can benefit from intervention to lower their fat intake. Programs that target and address the food preferences and eating habits of this population are clearly needed. PMID:18329605

Di Noia, Jennifer; Schinke, Steven P.; Contento, Isobel R.

2008-01-01

402

Unique Genomic Alterations in Prostate Cancers in African American Men.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Based on our published data we propose that specific patterns of genomic copy number alterations (CNAs) occur in prostate cancer in African American (AA) men which are associated with different levels of disease aggressiveness. Second, specific patterns o...

M. Ittmann

2014-01-01

403

African-American Muslim women and health care.  

PubMed

Muslims constitute a growing proportion of the African-American population. This paper explores the health practices, health behaviors, and code of ethics as informed by the Islamic religion within the context of African-American Muslim women's lives. An overview of the history of Islam in the world, and in the U.S., the main Islamic tenets, and the socio-cultural context of African-American Muslim women provides the broad framework for this paper. This information will be helpful in meeting the health needs of African-American Islamic women, within an outreach/community health promotion setting, within a clinical/hospital setting, or within a home care setting. PMID:12839309

Rajaram, Shireen S; Rashidi, Anahita

2003-01-01

404

Structural and Social Contexts of HIV Risk Among African Americans  

PubMed Central

HIV continues to be transmitted at unacceptably high rates among African Americans, and most HIV-prevention interventions have focused on behavioral change. To theorize additional approaches to HIV prevention among African Americans, we discuss how sexual networks and drug-injection networks are as important as behavior for HIV transmission. We also describe how higher-order social structures and processes, such as residential racial segregation and racialized policing, may help shape risk networks and behaviors. We then discuss 3 themes in African American culture—survival, propriety, and struggle—that also help shape networks and behaviors. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of how these perspectives might help reduce HIV transmission among African Americans. PMID:19372519

Cooper, Hannah L. F.; Osborne, Andrew H.

2009-01-01

405

Transgenerational Consequences of Racial Discrimination for African American Health  

PubMed Central

Disparities in African American health remain pervasive and persist transgenerationally. There is a growing consensus that both structural and interpersonal racial discrimination are key mechanisms affecting African American health. The Biopsychosocial Model of Racism as a Stressor posits that the persistent stress of experiencing discrimination take a physical toll on the health of African Americans and is ultimately manifested in the onset of illness. However, the degree to which the health consequences of racism and discrimination can be passed down from one generation to the next is an important avenue of exploration. In this review, we discuss and link literature across disciplines demonstrating the harmful impact of racism on African American physical health and the health of their offspring. PMID:24855488

Goosby, Bridget J.; Heidbrink, Chelsea

2014-01-01

406

What Young African American Women Want in a Healthcare Provider  

PubMed Central

The Institute of Medicine’s report on racial and ethnic disparities in health care encourages enhancing patient provider relationships by building trust. We explored factors important to 19–24 year old African American women (N=40) in choosing a health care provider. Eight focus groups were held in seven Ohio counties. Discussion was aided by photographs of client-provider interactions: two African American and two White providers (man or woman in each); in similar settings, attire, and pose; with a young African American woman client. Participants commented on what was happening in the photographs, how the woman felt, and their perceptions of each provider. Fongwa’s Quality of Care model guided analysis. Women providers were favored; race was not of primary concern. Provider proximity, perceived interest, and understandability were persistent preferences. Trust, awareness of body language, interest in client, and clearly conveying information clearly are critical for providers caring for young African American women. PMID:20562249

Dale, Helen E.; Polivka, Barbara J.; Chaudry, Rosemary V.; Simmonds, Gwenneth C.

2013-01-01

407

Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer: Information for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer: Information for African Americans. This article addresses myths about skin cancer and discusses how everyone can protect their skin. It also introduces an NCI publication for minorities: Anyone Can Get Skin Cancer.

408

African American Parents' Socialization Around Racism in the Education System.  

E-print Network

?? African American youth experience individual and institutional level discrimination (e.g., Berkel et al., 2009; Jones, 1997). These experiences negatively impact their overall well-being (e.g.,… (more)

Zuckerman, Allana

2014-01-01

409

Issues in Reconstructing Earlier African-American English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies the major issues that need to be confronted in resolving the controversy over the historical roots of African American Vernacular English. and discusses their implications for reconstruction. (Author/VWL)

Wolfram, Walt

2000-01-01

410

Cultural Identification and Academic Achievement among African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between intercultural perceptions, identity, and academic achievement among African American males. Specifically, this study investigated the relationship of academic achievement, cultural mistrust, oppositional cultural attitudes, ethnic identity development and educational outcome expectations and value,…

Irving, Miles Anthony; Hudley, Cynthia

2008-01-01

411

African American Women and Eating Disturbances: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 18 studies were reviewed to investigate the relationship between ethnicity and eating disturbances, focusing on the relationship between African American and white women. Although white women had more risk of eating disturbances, the effect size was small. White women had slightly more risk for all eating disturbances combined. African

O'Neill, Shannon K.

2003-01-01

412

Retaining African American Student Affairs Administrators: Voices from the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of African American student affairs administrators at predominantly White institutions (PWIs) derives four strategies that leaders at PWIs may consider when attempting to retain this population: communicate and integrate a philosophy of fairness into the campus environment; develop or support mentoring opportunities; empower African

Jackson, Jerlando F. L.; Flowers, Lamont A.

2003-01-01

413

African Music in an American Context. Mini-Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Insights are offered into how speech, melody, and rhythm dramatize the differences in the construction and interpretation of music for Africa and America. Intended for use in instructing American students about African music, the learning module relates music to traditional African culture and maintains that the music is at the same time…

African-American Inst., New York, NY. School Services Div.

414

African Americans’ views on research and the Tuskegee Syphilis study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participation of African Americans in clinical and public health research is essential. However, for a multitude of reasons, participation is low in many research studies. This article reviews the literature that substantiates barriers to participation and the legacy of past abuses of human subjects through research. The article then reports the results of seven focus groups with 60 African

Vicki S. Freimuth; Sandra Crouse Quinn; Stephen B. Thomas; Galen Cole; Eric Zook; Ted Duncan

2001-01-01

415

Title I: African-American Studies Program. Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a student workbook in African American studies used in the Detroit, Michigan public schools in 1978-79. The workbook contains student exercises in African history, culture, geography, languages, architecture, folktales, food, and artifacts. The continent of Africa is covered in units on Egypt, North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, and…

Wilson, Linda

416

The Relationship between African and Afro-American Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the term African studies, rather than Afro-American studies, would serve to make Blacks in the United States more aware of their ancestral links with the Black world. Black people must learn to give support to educational institutions which are committed to telling their own story from an African point of view. (Author/KR)

Okoye, F. Nwabueze

1978-01-01

417

Lessons learned: research within an urban, African American district  

Microsoft Academic Search

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning?making, and self?definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race theory, and Black feminist theory to deconstruct how race–gender–social class informed my own field

Kimberly Ann Scott

2012-01-01

418

Lessons learned: research within an urban, African American district  

Microsoft Academic Search

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning?making, and self?definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race theory, and Black feminist theory to deconstruct how race–gender–social class informed my own field

Kimberly Ann Scott

2011-01-01

419

Exploring Religion-Health Mediators among African American Parishioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study examined the religiosity-health association among African Americans, with particular attention to mediators through which religiosity positively impacts health. We conducted 31 interviews across seven African American churches of different Christian denominations. Semi-structured interviews were completed with male and female parishioners. Participants were asked to describe the religiosity-health association in their own terms, and if and how their

Cheryl L. Holt; Laura A. Lewellyn; Mary Jo Rathweg

2005-01-01

420

African American Women and Family Planning Services: Perceptions of Discrimination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine perceived race-based discrimination in obtaining family planning or contraceptive services among African American women in the U.S.Methods: We conducted a 30-minute telephone survey with a random sample of 500 African Americans (aged 15–44), which included questions about race-based discrimination when obtaining family planning services. The present analyses were limited to the

Sheryl Thorburn; Laura M. Bogart

2005-01-01

421

I Still Remember America: Senior African Americans Talk About Segregation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies the survival and coping strategies senior African Americans adopted during segregation in the southern\\u000a USA. Describing how they maintained positive outlooks on life, our respondents discussed family unity, community strength,\\u000a the contestation of African American inferiority, religious faith, fighting physical aggression, and downplaying the impact\\u000a of segregation. They consistently mentioned differential treatment, violence, and their inability to

Ana S. Q. Liberato; Dana Fennell; William L. Jeffries

2008-01-01

422

An examination of basketball performance orientations among African American males  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation examined the performance orientations among African American and white males in informal (pick-up) basketball\\u000a games. Traditional (shooting, passing, rebounding, turnovers, and steals) as well as improvisational game statistics were\\u000a recorded by race. The data appeared to support the rationalization that African American basketball players might be more\\u000a concerned with individual expression (style) and personal empowerment than their white

Gary A. Sailes

1996-01-01

423

African Americans in clinical trials. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

This paper reviews strategies that could help improve African-American recruitment to clinical trials. The author provides recommendations on how to involve sponsors, recruitment teams, clinical research organizations, patient research organizations’ vendors, project managers, and local site investigators in this effort. Lack of interest and trust in research can be addressed through patient and community education. African Americans should be encouraged to opt into a database or referral list for clinical trials.

424

HIV\\/AIDS Stigma and Religiosity Among African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American women are disproportionately affected by HIV\\/AIDS compared with other ethnicities, accounting for two-thirds (67%) of all women diagnosed with HIV. Despite their increased risk of HIV infection, few studies have been conducted to understand culture-specific factors leading to their vulnerability. Given the central role of religious organizations in African American communities, this study explored whether and to what

Nancy Muturi; Soontae An

2010-01-01

425

Low-Income African-American Women Talk About Stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on stress has focused primarily on life-change events and daily hassles as sources of stress that can affect physical and mental health. There is evidence, however, that chronic conditions causing stress may be more characteristic of the lives of poor, African Americans. For this study, 45 African-American women living in low-income neighborhoods participated in focus group discussions about sources

DebraMoehle McCallum; Susan E. Arnold; John M. Bolland

2002-01-01

426

Perceived Peer Norms and Sexual Intentions Among African American Preadolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the research was to examine whether perceived peer dating and sexual experience norms are related to attitudes toward dating and sexual behav- ior and to precoital and sexual intentions among African American preadolescents. Participants included 1,046 African American youth aged 9-12 years (M = 10.57 years). Youth completed a baseline survey as part of a larger in-

Scyatta A. Wallace; Kim S. Miller; Rex Forehand

2008-01-01

427

A Comparison of Depressive Symptoms in African Americans and Caucasian Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined group differences in depressive symptomatology among African Americans and whites seeking psychotherapy. African Americans reported less pessimism, dissatisfaction, self-blame, and suicidal ideation and more sense of punishment and weight change, but for reasons unrelated to depression. Self-dislike was a stronger manifestation of…

Ayalon, Liat; Young, Michael A.

2003-01-01

428

An Empirical Examination of Inter-Ethnic Stereotypes: Comparing Asian American and African American Employees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduates (n=127) read career histories (including photographs) of fictitious employees in a 2x2x2 design depicting job type (engineer/human resources), ethnicity (Asian or African American), and gender, with the same qualifications and performance information. African-American males were rated most negatively on work characteristics;…

Gilbert, Jackie; Carr-Ruffino, Norma; Ivancevich, John M.; Lownes-Jackson, Millicent

2003-01-01

429

Cultural Barriers to African American Participation in Anxiety Disorders Research  

PubMed Central

Anxiety disorders are understudied, underdiagnosed, and undertreated in African Americans. Research focused on the phenomenology, etiology, and treatment of anxiety in African Americans has been hampered by lack of inclusion of this population in clinical research studies. The reason for exclusion is not well understood, although cultural mistrust has been hypothesized as a major barrier to research participation. This article reviews the relevant literature to date and examines the experience of 6 African American adults who participated in a larger clinical assessment study about anxiety. Drawing upon in-depth semistructured interviews about their subjective experiences, we examined participant perspectives about the assessment process, opinions about African American perception of anxiety studies, and participant-generated ideas about how to improve African American participation. Based on a qualitative analysis of responses, feelings of mistrust emerged as a dominant theme. Concerns fell under 6 categories, including not wanting to speak for others, confidentiality, self and group presentation concerns, repercussions of disclosure, potential covert purposes of the study, and the desire to confide only in close others. Suggestions for increasing African American participation are discussed, including assurances of confidentiality, adequate compensation, and a comfortable study environment. PMID:23862294

Williams, Monnica T.; Beckmann-Mendez, Diana A.; Turkheimer, Eric

2014-01-01

430

Bessie Coleman, First African American Pilot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Born on January 26, 1892 in Atlanta, Texas to a family of sharecroppers, Bessie Coleman grew up in poverty. Her father abandoned the family when she was nine, and her elder brothers soon left as well, leaving her mother with the four youngest of her thirteen children. While taking care of her younger sisters, Bessie completed all eight available years of primary education, excelling in math. She enrolled at the Colored Agricultural and Normal University in Langston, Oklahoma in 1910, but lack of funds forced her to leave after only one term. Five years later, she left the South and moved to Chicago to join two of her brothers, Walter and John, where she worked as a beautician for several years. An avid reader, she learned about World War I pilots in the newspaper and became intrigued by the prospect of flying. As a black woman, she had no chance of acceptance at any American pilot school, so she moved to France in 1919 and enrolled at the Ecole d'Aviation des Freres Caudon at Le Crotoy. After returning briefly to the United States, she spent one more term in France practicing more advanced flying before finally settling back in her birth country. She did exhibition flying and gave lectures across the country from 1922 to 1926. While flying, she refused to perform unless the audiences were desegregated. She was test flying a new plane on April 30, 1926 when it malfunctioned, killing both her and the mechanic who was piloting it. Her career as the world's first African American pilot inspired many who followed.

1921-01-01

431

Genetic bottlenecks, perceived racism, and hypertension risk among African Americans and first-generation African immigrants.  

PubMed

The complexity of factors influencing the development of hypertension (HTN) in African Americans has given rise to theories suggesting that genetic changes occurred due to selection pressures/genetic bottleneck effects (ie, constriction of existing genetic variability) over the course of the slave trade. Ninety-nine US-born and 86 African-born health professionals were compared in a cross-sectional survey examining genetic and psychosocial predictors of HTN. We examined the distributions of three genetic loci (G-protein, AGT-235, and ACE I/D) that have been associated with increased HTN risk. There were no significant differences between US-born African Americans and African-born immigrants in the studied genetic loci or biological variables (eg, plasma renin and angiotensin converting enzyme activity), except that the AGT-235 homozygous T genotype was somewhat more frequent among African-born participants than US-born African Americans. Only age, body mass index, and birthplace consistently demonstrated associations with HTN status. Thus, there was no evidence of a genetic bottleneck in the loci studied, ie, that US-born African Americans have different genotype distributions that increase their risk for HTN. In fact, some of the genotypic distributions evidenced lower frequencies of HTN-related alleles among US-born African Americans, providing evidence of European admixture. The consistent finding that birthplace (ie, US vs Africa) was associated with HTN, even though it was not always significant, suggests potential and unmeasured cultural, lifestyle, and environmental differences between African immigrants and US-born African Americans that are protective against HTN. PMID:11378837

Poston, W S; Pavlik, V N; Hyman, D J; Ogbonnaya, K; Hanis, C L; Haddock, C K; Hyder, M L; Foreyt, J P

2001-05-01

432

A. To promote African American faculty, staff and student success. B. To expand and share knowledge of African American contributions to society.  

E-print Network

Goals A. To promote African American faculty, staff and student success. B. To expand and share knowledge of African American contributions to society. C. To promote support for Africentric principles and theories as integral parts of critical thinking in higher education. African American History Month Events

Su, Xiao

433

for african and african-american students at arizona state university  

E-print Network

for african and african-american students at arizona state university aresourceguide #12;Welcome Institutional Inclusion website Learning Support Services Multicultural Student Services Recreation and Fitness to Arizona State University and thank you for choosing us for your undergraduate degree and professional

434

The relationship between skin color, self-esteem and African self-consciousness among African American college-educated women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among skin color, self-esteem, and African self-consciousness among 303 college-educated African American women. In addition, an African American Socialization Subscale was used to examine the participants' level of acculturation in the African American culture. The researcher hypothesized that those women who perceived their skin color as light, in comparison to

Kim M Daniel

2001-01-01

435

The School Counselor's Role in Addressing the Advanced Placement Equity and Excellence Gap for African-American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the collaboration among a school counselor, a school counselor intern, an Advanced Placement Psychology teacher, and a counselor educator to improve African-American access to Advanced Placement (AP) coursework and increase success on the AP Psychology national examination. The team initiated a process that recruited African

Davis, Pamela; Davis, Michael P.; Mobley, Jerry A.

2014-01-01

436

Our Stories, A3P: The African American Arts Project  

E-print Network

. Together they talked about the influence of urban culture upon pop cul- ture; the history of jazz, or to cast the cultural net further, what defines a "diversity" art event, or how do arts organizations Americans participated in pro- grams which explored African American culture. It became clear that further

Jiang, Huiqiang

437

Factors Affecting African American Counselors' Job Satisfaction: A National Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there are many job satisfaction studies, research related to the job satisfaction of African American counselors (AACs) is negligible. The purpose of this study was to investigate the job satisfaction of AACs. A total of 182 employed AACs who were members of the American Counseling Association (ACA) completed a modified Minnesota…

Jones, Cravor; Hohensil, Thomas H.; Burge, Penny

2009-01-01

438

Do Extenuating Circumstances Influence African American Women's Attitudes toward Suicide?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To see if suicide attitudes might be softened by extenuating circumstances, such as terminal illness, African American and European American women imagined themselves in one of four extenuating circumstances then completed measures of suicide acceptability and religiosity. Both ethnic groups reported a greater likelihood of suicide when imagining…

Marion, Michelle S.; Range, Lillian M.

2003-01-01

439

Marriage, Money, and African American Mothers' Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of marital status and family income on the self-esteem of 292 African American mothers. Counter to previous studies with European American mothers, family income moderated the effects of marital status. Those mothers with higher family income had higher self-esteem, regardless of their marital status. For those with…

Mandara, Jelani; Johnston, Jamie S.; Murray, Carolyn B.; Varner, Fatima

2008-01-01

440

African American Women, Prohibition, and the 1928 Presidential Election  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores links that middle-class African American women drew between efforts to repeal the Eighteenth Amendment and the emergence of black Democrats in the 1928 American presidential election. Because of their longstanding interest in civil rights and temperance, middle-class black Republican women were uniquely positioned to make connections between phenomena that historians have typically analyzed separately, the repeal movement

Lisa G. Materson

2009-01-01

441

AFRICAN AMERICAN CHURCHES AND U.S. POLICY IN SUDAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

The black church has been particularly influential in shaping American efforts toend the conflicts in the southern and Darfur regions of Sudan. Though African American mobilization regarding these issues was initially part of and aided by a broader faith-based movement, it gained singular effectiveness by employing familiar strategies honed in the civil rights and anti-apartheid movements, including protests and boycotting.

Allen D. Hertzke

2008-01-01

442

Self-Hatred in Americans of African Descent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of attempts to destigmatize themselves with the "black is beautiful" rhetoric, efforts by Americans of African descent to disavow their imputed inferiority have not been successful. The black is reacted to as a handicapped person by the white American. Whites look with disdain on black-white sexual relationships, black language, and…

Vontress, Clemmont E.

443

Key Competencies: African and Afro-American Studies, Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet identifies major competencies for African and Afro-American studies courses in grades seven through 12 in the Philadelphia school system. Afro-American studies are viewed as (1) developing students' ability to gain insights and destroy stereotypes and (2) providing a frame of reference for understanding the forces which have shaped…

Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Curriculum and Instruction.

444

The Long Path to Higher Education for African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When one considers the possibilities for a new progressive era in American higher education, the author contends that it is wise to review the past because there are lessons to be learned. In fact, the latter part of the 20th century was one of great progress for diversity in higher education, generally speaking, and for African Americans in…

Duster, Troy

2009-01-01

445

Key Competencies: African and Afro-American Studies, Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlined in this booklet are key competencies for African and Afro-American studies courses in kindergarten through grade six in the Philadelphia school system. Afro-American studies are viewed as (1) developing students' ability to gain insights and destroy stereotypes and (2) providing a frame of reference for understanding the forces which have…

Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Curriculum and Instruction.

446

African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of CongressâÂÂs âÂÂAfrican American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenshipâ exhibition celebrates African American history over nine time periods, ranging from 18th century slavery to the Civil Rights era. This thorough collection includes over 240 books, government documents, maps, musical scores, films, and plays, supplemented with relevant historical explanations and contexts. Viewers can peruse through more than two hundred years of historical documents to better understand the African American quest for equality in the face of adversity. All available for review online, the collection features a key-word search for more efficient learning and researching. Through easy browsing of original documents, such as letters Frederick Douglass wrote during the Civil War, users are able to get a better historical perspective on the unique development of African American culture.

2008-01-01

447

Assimilation and Contrast Effects in the Priming of Asian American and African American Stereotypes through TV Exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study applied theoretical propositions of the assimilation and contrast perspectives of social psychology to investigate the effects of exposure to TV portrayals of Asian Americans on judgments regarding Asian and African Americans. Experimental participants exposed to TV-mediated messages reinforcing the Asian American “model minority”‘ stereotype were more likely to positively evaluate Asian Americans and to negatively evaluate African Americans

Francis Dalisay; Alexis Tan

2009-01-01

448

Pubertal Timing and Its Link to Behavioral and Emotional Problems among "At-Risk" African American Adolescent Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an "at-risk" sample of African American girls, the present study examined the link between girls' retrospective reports of pubertal timing, girls' perceived relative pubertal timing, and their behavioral and emotional problems as rated by the girls themselves (N = 102; 11-17 years), as well as teachers and parents. Structural equation…

Carter, Rona; Jaccard, James; Silverman, Wendy K.; Pina, Armando A.

2009-01-01

449

Role of Student Engagement in the Resilience of African American Adolescents from Low-Income Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study sought to determine whether behavioral and psychological engagement in middle school served a protective or promotive role, thereby contributing to the resilience of African American youth from low-income rural communities. Teacher reports of adjustment (i.e., aggression, academic competence, popularity) in the sixth grade were gathered.…

Irvin, Matthew J.

2012-01-01

450

Breast Cancer Screening Among African American Women: Adherence to Current Recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer remains one of the leading causes of cancer death among African American women, and rates of mammography screening for African American women remain lower than rates for their Caucasian counterparts. The purpose of the current study was to explore the reasons for nonadherence to American Cancer Society breast screening guidelines among African American women who had not received

Cindy Davis; Janice S. Emerson; Baqar A. Husaini

2005-01-01

451

Exploring Risk and Protective Factors Among African American Males in Alternative and General Education Settings  

E-print Network

American Male Adolescents ............................................ 1 System Responses to Concerns .................................................... 2 Zero Tolerance Policies...Gee, 2003; Van Acker, 2007). Of particular interest among students who are at-risk are African American males in alternative education settings. African American Male Adolescents African American males tend to be overrepresented in the juvenile justice...

Crossley, Tia Billy

2012-02-14

452

Race and the Workforce: Occupational Status, Aspirations, and Stereotyping Among African American Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether African American children's perceptions of occupational status and their own vocational interests are affected by racial segregation of the workforce. Children (N = 92) rated familiar occupations with respect to status, desirability, and stereotyping. Children also rated novel jobs that had been depicted with African Americans, European Americans, or both African and European Americans. As predicted,

Rebecca S. Bigler; Cara J. Averhart; Lynn S. Liben

2003-01-01

453

Early Head Start and African American Families: Impacts and Mechanisms of Child Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persistent disparities exist between African American children and their European American counterparts across developmental domains. Early childhood intervention may serve to promote more positive outcomes among African American children. The current study examined whether and how the Early Head Start (EHS) program benefited African American

Harden, Brenda Jones; Sandstrom, Heather; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel

2012-01-01

454

Feature Articles on African Americans in Sports Illustrated in the 1990s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive study examined whether the coverage of African Americans in the feature articles in Sports Illustrated during the 1990s was representative of their participation levels. Nearly half of the articles featured European Americans; about one-third featured African Americans. More African Americans were featured in basketball, boxing,…

Angela Lumpkin

2009-01-01

455

African and European American Women's Volunteerism and Activism: Similarities in Volunteering and Differences in Activism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focused on volunteerism and activism of African and European American women. This study explored potential differences in the level and nature of civic engagement between African and European American. Additionally, differences in those factors that determine civic engagement activities between the women were examined. African American and European American female participants in the 2000 Social Capital Benchmark Survey

G. Lawrence Farmer; Chaya S. Piotrkowski

2009-01-01

456

Assessment of the Status of African-Americans. Volume V: Health and Medical Care of African-Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1987 a project was undertaken to assess the status of African Americans in the United States in the topical areas to be addressed by the National Research Council's Study Committee on the Status of Black Americans: education, employment, income and occupations, political participation and the administration of justice, social and cultural…

Reed, Wornie L.; Darity, William, Sr.; Roman, Stanford; Baquet, Claudia; Roberson, Norma L.

457

Teacher Power and American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper advocates the use of political power and collective bargaining by teachers to improve public education. The following are listed as reasons why collective bargaining has not been very successful: (a) collective bargaining was not designed to accommodate the needs and commitment of professional employees; (b) there is no national policy…

Flynn, Ralph J.

458

Can "Any" Teacher Teach Sexuality and HIV/AIDS? Perspectives of South African Life Orientation Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we explore the perceived desirable characteristics of South African Life Orientation teachers for teaching sexuality and HIV/AIDS. We also investigate the extent to which these characteristics can be understood as parts of a role script for teaching HIV/AIDS and sexuality. Data were collected from teachers who taught Grade Eight and…

Helleve, Arnfinn; Flisher, Alan J.; Onya, Hans; Mukoma, Wanjiru; Klepp, Knut-Inge

2011-01-01

459

Health-related Quality of Life of African American Breast Cancer Survivors Compared to Healthy African American Women  

PubMed Central

Background The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer can result in an array of late cancer-specific side effects and changes in general well-being. Research has focused on Caucasian samples, limiting our understanding of the unique health-related quality of life outcomes of African American breast cancer survivors (BCS). Even when African American BCS have been targeted, research is limited by small samples and failure to include comparisons of peers without a history of breast cancer. Objective The purpose of this study was to compare health-related quality of life of African American women BCS to African American women with no history of breast cancer (control group). Methods A total of 140 women (62 BCS and 78 control), ages 18 years or older and 2–10 years post-diagnosis, was recruited from a breast cancer clinic and cancer support groups. Participants provided informed consent and completed a one-time survey based on Brenner’s (1995) proximal-distal health-related quality of life model. Results After adjusting for age, education, income, and body mass index, African American BCS experienced more fatigue (p=0.001), worse hot flashes (p<0.001) and worse sleep quality (p<0.001), but more social support from their partner (p=0.028) and more positive change (p=0.001) compared to African American women controls. Conclusions Our results suggest that African American women BCS may experience unique health-related outcomes that transcend age, education, socio-economic status and body mass index. Implications for Practice Findings suggest the importance of understanding the survivorship experience for particular racial and ethnic subgroups to proactively assess difficulties and plan interventions. PMID:22228394

Von Ah, Diane M.; Russell, Kathleen M.; Carpenter, Janet; Monahan, Patrick O.; Zhao, Qianqian; Tallman, Eileen; Ziner, Kim Wagler; Storniolo, Anna Maria; Miller, Kathy D.; Giesler, R. Brian; Haase, Joan; Otte, Julie; Champion, Victoria L.

2011-01-01

460

Discrimination, religious coping, and tobacco use among White, African American, and Mexican American vocational school students.  

PubMed

This study examined whether religious coping moderates the impact of racial/ethnic discrimination on current (past 30 day) cigarette and cigar/cigarillo use among a racially/ethnically diverse sample of 984 technical/vocational school students (47.1% women; mean age = 25 years). Results indicate that discrimination increased the likelihood of current cigarette use among African American students and current cigar/cigarillo use among white and African American students. Positive religious coping decreased the likelihood of cigarette and cigar/cigarillo smoking for white students only. Negative religious coping increased the likelihood of cigarette use for white students and cigar/cigarillo use for white and African American students. Two 2-way interactions indicate that positive and negative religious coping moderate the discrimination-cigarette smoking relationship for African American and Mexican American students, respectively. PMID:21249522

Horton, Karissa D; Loukas, Alexandra

2013-03-01

461

Perceptions of Support Among Older African American Cancer Survivors  

PubMed Central

Purpose/Objectives To explore the perceived social support needs among older adult African American cancer survivors. Research Approach Qualitative design using grounded theory techniques. Setting Outpatient oncology clinics in the southeastern United States. Participants Focus groups with 22 older adult African American cancer survivors. Methodologic Approach Purposeful sampling technique was used to identify focus group participants. In-depth interviews were conducted and participants were interviewed until informational redundancy was achieved. Main Research Variables Social support needs of older adult African American patients with cancer. Findings Social support was influenced by (a) symptoms and treatment side effects, (b) perceptions of stigma and fears expressed by family and friends, (c) cultural beliefs about cancer, and (d) desires to lessen any burden or disruption to the lives of family and friends. Survivors navigated within and outside of their networks to get their social support needs met. In some instances, survivors socially withdrew from traditional sources of support for fear of being ostracized. Survivors also described feeling hurt, alone, and socially isolated when completely abandoned by friends. Conclusions The support from family, friends, and fellow church members is important to positive outcomes among older African American cancer survivors. However, misconceptions, fears, and negative cultural beliefs persist within the African American community and negatively influence the social support available to this population. Interpretations Early identification of the factors that influence social support can facilitate strategies to improve outcomes and decrease health disparities among this population. PMID:20591808

Hamilton, Jill B.; Moore, Charles E.; Powe, Barbara D.; Agarwal, Mansi; Martin, Pamela

2010-01-01

462

Recruitment of African American men: Overcoming challenges for an epidemiological study of personality and health  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the efforts of the St. Louis Personality and Aging Network (SPAN) team to increase participation by African American men in our study. Initially, African American men were participating at a rate far lower than both European American men and women and African American women. Two years into the study, the SPAN team constructed a letter targeted towards African American men that specifically requested their participation in the study. This letter was mailed to households in various areas of the city heavily populated by African Americans. As a result of this letter and other enhancement strategies, the proportion of men in our African American sample increased from 31% to 43% (71 African American men were recruited in the first two years of the study, compared to 147 recruited in the year-and-a-half after the letter was distributed). Other strategies to recruit and retain African American men in mental health studies are also highlighted. PMID:21767002

Spence, Christie T.; Oltmanns, Thomas F.

2011-01-01

463

A comparison of juvenile court outcomes for Native Americans, African Americans, and whites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Referrals to a district juvenile court in Iowa were examined for 1980 through 1989 to test an interpretation of Weber's theory of decision making and formal rationality. Logistic regression was employed to examine two hypotheses: 1) Native American youths and African American youths receive more severe outcomes than white youths with similar backgrounds and legal histories, and 2) Native Americans

Michael J. Leiber

1994-01-01

464

Developmental Origins of Perfectionism Among African American Youth  

PubMed Central

The present study used a person-centered latent variable approach to classify types of perfectionism among 6th-grade African American children living in an urban setting. In particular, the authors were interested in determining whether an adaptive subtype could be found and validated against external criteria. The authors also attempted to identify any developmental precursors that could reliably differentiate the perfectionist subtypes. A social learning and competence framework was used to select potential 1st-grade risk and protective factors for future perfectionism profiles. Four classes best described the children’s perfectionism scores in 6th grade. Three of these classes resembled the profiles most commonly seen in prior perfectionism research (Non-Critical/Adaptive, Critical/Maladaptive, and Non-Perfectionist). The fourth class, Non-Striving, was characterized by extremely low levels of reported personal standards. Sixth-grade correlates confirmed the distinctiveness of these classes. In particular, the Critical/Maladaptive and Non-Striving classes had higher rates of internalizing symptoms and disorders. Additionally, several 1st-grade predictors suggested unique developmental origins of these classes. The Critical/Maladaptive class was characterized by lower academic skills and elevated teacher-rated attention problems, hyperactivity, shyness, and peer rejection. The Non-Striving class had higher rates of family alcohol problems and lower levels of parent praise. Implications regarding the universal and culture-specific origins and effects of perfectionism are discussed. PMID:21574697

Herman, Keith C.; Trotter, Reid; Reinke, Wendy M.; Ialongo, Nicholas

2013-01-01

465

Developmental origins of perfectionism among African American youth.  

PubMed

The present study used a person-centered latent variable approach to classify types of perfectionism among 6th-grade African American children living in an urban setting. In particular, the authors were interested in determining whether an adaptive subtype could be found and validated against external criteria. The authors also attempted to identify any developmental precursors that could reliably differentiate the perfectionist subtypes. A social learning and competence framework was used to select potential 1st-grade risk and protective factors for future perfectionism profiles. Four classes best described the children's perfectionism scores in 6th grade. Three of these classes resembled the profiles most commonly seen in prior perfectionism research (Non-Critical/Adaptive, Critical/Maladaptive, and Non-Perfectionist). The fourth class, Non-Striving, was characterized by extremely low levels of reported personal standards. Sixth-grade correlates confirmed the distinctiveness of these classes. In particular, the Critical/Maladaptive and Non-Striving classes had higher rates of internalizing symptoms and disorders. Additionally, several 1st-grade predictors suggested unique developmental origins of these classes. The Critical/Maladaptive class was characterized by lower academic skills and elevated teacher-rated attention problems, hyperactivity, shyness, and peer rejection. The Non-Striving class had higher rates of family alcohol problems and lower levels of parent praise. Implications regarding the universal and culture-specific origins and effects of perfectionism are discussed. PMID:21574697

Herman, Keith C; Trotter, Reid; Reinke, Wendy M; Ialongo, Nicholas

2011-07-01

466

Against Marginalization and Criminal Reading Curriculum Standards for African American Adolescents in Low-level Tracks: A Retrospective of Baldwin's Essay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Invokes James Baldwin's 1963 essay, "A Talk to Teachers," as a brilliant statement of the challenge facing teachers of African American students. Argues that there must be a thrust toward comprehensive reading instruction that encompasses explicit strategy instruction and authentic opportunities to read culturally relevant materials. (SR)

Tatum, Alfred W.

2000-01-01

467

African American Parents' HPV Vaccination Intent and Concerns  

PubMed Central

This study describes attitudes and social and environmental factors that affect African American parents’ intent to vaccinate their daughters against human papillomavirus (HPV). Thirty African American parents of daughters aged nine to 17 years and no history of HPV infection completed semi-structured interviews. Interviews addressed factors that influenced intent to vaccinate, perception of community norms related to vaccination, vaccination scenarios involving place of vaccination, and vaccination prior to or after the child’s initiation of sexual activity. A recurring theme was the influence of physician recommendation on African American parents’ intent to obtain HPV vaccination for their daughters. Most parents reported that they could overcome barriers to vaccination, except vaccine costs and lack of insurance. While religious beliefs were important to parents, they reported that they would not interfere with vaccination decisions; fears of early sexuality due to vaccination were limited. The implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:22643477

Sanders Thompson, Vetta L.; Arnold, Lauren D.; Notaro, Sheri R.

2013-01-01

468

HIV/AIDS: impact on the African American community.  

PubMed

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has had a devastating impact on the lives of African Americans. In the United States, it is estimated that almost half of all cases of HIV infection in men occur among black men and almost 70% of the cases in women occur among black women. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which results from HIV infection, has become a leading cause of death of African Americans between the ages of 25 and 44. Denial regarding how the disease is spread, particularly among heterosexuals, and stigmatization about the disease continue to be barriers to effective prevention campaigns within African American communities. Aggressive cultural and ethnic-specific educational campaigns, focusing on prevention, are needed to curb the current spread of HIV within this population. PMID:11913254

Hodge, C E

2001-07-01

469

Actual and ideal professional support for African American family members.  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were to describe and compare, specifically, African American family members of critically ill adults' perceptions of the professional support they would like (ideal) to receive with the professional support they received (actual) from critical care nurses. The Professional Support Questionnaire for Critical Care Nurses Working With Family Members (PSQ) was administered by mail or telephone to 36 African American family members. The PSQ consists of three domains of support--information, comfort, and assurance. Paired t-test analyses indicated there were differences between the descriptions of professional nursing support expected (ideal) by family members and the professional support provided (actual) by critical care nurses. Although there was not an absence of professional nursing support, the degree and frequency to which African American family members wanted nurses to support them were not comparable to the support that nurses provided them. PMID:9842290

Waters, C M

1998-12-01

470

Predictors of Consistent Condom Use Among Young African American Women  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to determine the predictive value of selected factors to the consistent use of condoms among high-risk young African American women. A clinic-based, prospective, study of 242 young, African-American women (ages 15–21) was conducted. In multivariate analysis, consistent condom use was predicted by having greater perceptions of condom negotiation self-efficacy, lower fear of negotiating condom use, and having communicated with sex partners (during the recall period) about condom use. Relational variables were predictive of consistent condom use among young African American women. STD/HIV preventive interventions should target these factors, perhaps in dyad-level interventions. PMID:21796442

DiClemente, Ralph J.; Salazar, Laura F.; Wingood, Gina M.; McDermott-Sales, Jessica; Young, April M.; Rose, Eve

2012-01-01

471

The African-American cancer crisis, Part II: A prescription.  

PubMed

To appreciate the causes of the African-American cancer crisis, contemporary myths and perceptual gaps regarding cancer in blacks must be analyzed and placed in historical context. Since ancient times, racism has permeated western scientific, medical, and social cultures. Yet contemporary analysts typically frame a 370-year-old African-American health deficit in nonracial terms, and ignore both the metamorphosis of racism and the impact of racism on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer; exposure to cancer-causing industrial pollutants; educational opportunities for black health professionals and policymakers, and other factors. If the African-American cancer crisis is to be halted, the growing divergence between urgent needs and meager resources devoted to preventing, detecting, and treating cancer in blacks must be sharply reversed. PMID:8485260

Byrd, W M; Clayton, L A

1993-01-01

472

Religiosity, self-efficacy for exercise, and African American women.  

PubMed

Physical inactivity among African American women persists despite health promotion efforts targeting this population. In the African American faith community, thinking patterns related to personal versus divine control over health status could affect self-efficacy beliefs and physical activity behavior. Religiosity, a determinate of self-efficacy for exercise, is influenced by culture. This exploratory pilot study assessed the psychometric properties and relevance of selected study instruments and relationships among the study variables in African American women recruited through a rural church. Findings indicated a trend toward significance among study variables and that the God Locus of Health Control and Physical Exercise Self-Efficacy Scales were reliable for capturing attitudes about ability to engage in physical activity and religiosity in this sample. Six of the twenty-five women recruited failed to complete the Stanford Brief Activity Survey for Work and Leisure Time Activity correctly, suggesting the need to revise instructions prior to future instrument administration. PMID:20842529

Robinson, Bridget K; Wicks, Mona Newsome

2012-09-01

473

Genome-Wide Association Study in African-Americans with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) is a potentially deadly systemic autoimmune disease that disproportionately afflicts women and African- Americans. This project is designed to discover genes that increase the risk of lupus in African-American. Our goa...

J. Harley

2013-01-01

474

Children's Environmental Health Disparities: Black and African American Children and Asthma  

MedlinePLUS

Children’s Environmental Health Disparities: Black and African American Children and Asthma This fact sheet focuses on relationship ... environment and asthma among Black and African American children. This fact sheet also provides important actions that ...

475

Religion and womanism in the lives of Central Texas African American Baptist women  

E-print Network

African American Baptist churches are not known as bastions of sexual equality. The dominance of males in the pulpit and the conservative and literal interpretation of the Bible often support this idea. African American women, however, were...

Turner, Deidra Rochelle

2009-05-15

476

Genome-wide association study of body height in African Americans: the Women's Health Initiative  

E-print Network

Genome-wide association study of body height in African Americans: the Women's Health Initiative of height in 8149 African- American (AA) women from the Women's Health Initiative. Genetic variants with P

Tang, Hua

477

The World Is Waiting for the Sunrise: African Americans "yel Mundo Latino."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the long and varied history of interaction and collective action by African Americans and Latinos, focusing on common culture and political cooperation. Outlines issues related to the continued cooperation of African Americans and Latinos, and common political projects. (SLD)

Widener, Danny

1998-01-01

478

The Relationship between Level of African-American Acculturation and Affiliation with Fraternities and Sororities.  

E-print Network

??Ninety-nine African-American undergraduates, at a historically Black college, completed the African American Acculturation Scale to compare fraternity/sorority members with independents' participation in Black cultural traditions… (more)

Wilcots, Kylynnedra D.

1998-01-01

479

AAPT: American Association of Physics Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) was founded in 1930 with the goal to ensure the "dissemination of knowledge of physics, particularly by way of teaching." Now with 11,000 members in 30 countries, this Web site displays all that AAPT has to offer. Visitors can learn about upcoming conferences, workshops and meetings. Teachers can learn innovative teaching methods, discover AAPT-sponsored projects, read about published publications and journals, and much more. Always in need of funding, physics students can find out about grants, competitions, and awards.

2003-01-01

480

Gender differences in mental health characteristics and gambling among African-American adolescent gamblers  

PubMed Central

This study explores gender differences in lifetime and recent substance use/internalizing behavior, childhood externalizing behavior and gambling preferences among African-American youth gamblers. Data are from a prospective study of a community sample of 452 urban African-American youth that began at entry into first grade and was followed for ten years. Gambling was associated with high teacher ratings of childhood externalizing behaviors among males, and with high parent ratings of childhood impulsivity and hyperactivity among both genders. Internalizing behavior was associated with female gambling. No male-female differences in substance use/lifetime conduct disorder among gamblers were noted. Gambling preferences/frequency differed across genders. PMID:18393056

Martins, Silvia S.; Storr, Carla L.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.; Chilcoat, Howard D.

2008-01-01

481

Progression of coronary atherosclerosis in African-American patients  

PubMed Central

Background African-Americans with coronary artery disease (CAD) demonstrate worse clinical outcomes than Caucasians. While this is partly due to a lack of accessibility to established therapies, the mechanisms underlying this difference remain to be elucidated. We aimed to characterize the progression of coronary atherosclerosis in African-Americans with CAD. Methods 3,479 patients with CAD underwent serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging to evaluate atheroma progression in 7 clinical trials of anti-atherosclerotic therapies. Risk factor control and atheroma progression were compared between African-Americans (n=170) and Caucasians (n=3,309). Results African-Americans were more likely to be female (51.8% vs. 28.1%, P<0.001), have a higher body mass index (32.8±6.0 vs. 31.3±5.8 kg/m2, P=0.002) and greater history of hypertension (85.9% vs. 78.8%, P=0.02), diabetes (41.8% vs. 30.6%, P=0.002) and stroke (12.9% vs. 3.0%, P<0.001). Despite a high use of anti-atherosclerotic medications (93% statin, 89% aspirin, 79% ?-blocker, 52% ACE inhibitor), African-Americans demonstrated higher levels of LDL-C (2.4±0.7 vs. 2.2±0.7 mmol/L, P=0.006), CRP (2.9 vs. 2.0 mg/dL, P<0.001) and systolic blood pressure (133±15 vs. 129±13 mmHg, P<0.001) at follow-up. There was no significant difference in atheroma volume at baseline (189.0±82.2 vs. 191.6±83.3 mm3, P=0.82) between two groups. Serial evaluation demonstrated a greater increase in atheroma volume in African-Americans (0.51±2.1 vs. –3.1±1.7 mm3, P=0.01). This difference persisted with propensity matching accounting for differences in risk factor control (0.1±2.1 vs. –3.7±1.7 mm3, P=0.02). Conclusions African-Americans with CAD achieve less optimal risk factor control and greater atheroma progression. These findings support the need for more intensive risk factor modification in African-Americans. PMID:24282765

Kataoka, Yu; Hsu, Amy; Wolski, Kathy; Uno, Kiyoko; Puri, Rishi; Tuzcu, E. Murat; Nissen, Steven E.

2013-01-01

482

African American Families' Expectations and Intentions for Mental Health Services  

PubMed Central

A cross-sectional qualitative descriptive design was used to examine the links among expectations about, experiences with, and intentions toward mental health services. Individual face-to-face interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 32 African American youth/mothers dyads. Content analysis revealed that positive expectations were linked to positive experiences and intentions, that negative expectations were not consistently linked to negative experiences or intentions, nor were ambivalent expectations linked to ambivalent experiences or intentions. Youth were concerned about privacy breeches and mothers about the harmfulness of psychotropic medication. Addressing these concerns may promote African Americans’ engagement in mental health services. PMID:22791083

Thompson, Richard; Dancy, Barbara L.; Wiley, Tisha R.A.; Najdowski, Cynthia J.; Perry, Sylvia P.; Wallis, Jason; Mekawi, Yara; Knafl, Kathleen

2012-01-01

483

Excessive Drinking Among African American Men: Individual and Contextual Correlates  

PubMed Central

In this paper we explored associations of multiple domains with regular drinking and getting drunk among adult African American men. Questionnaire-based, computer-assisted interviews were conducted with 484 men in Atlanta, Georgia. Data analysis involved multivariate logistic regression analyses. Findings show that being older increased the odds of both drinking behaviors. Sensation seeking increased the odds of regular drinking and having experienced childhood sexual and physical abuse increased the odds of getting drunk. Having health insurance reduced the odds of both outcomes. Insurance coverage and the heterogeneity among adult African American men must be considered in risk reduction efforts. PMID:22679893

DePadilla, Lara; Elifson, Kirk; McCarty, Frances; Sterk, Claire

2012-01-01

484

African American women and weight loss: disregarding environmental challenges.  

PubMed

In the United States, almost 80% of African American women are either overweight or obese. In this study, 46 low-income African American women struggling with weight issues participated in structured interviews using a social cognitive theory framework. Participants shared their social cognitive theory related weight loss thoughts and their perceived weight loss obstacles. Results suggest that although participants' primary weight-related obstacles were environment-based, for example, unsafe environments in which to engage in regular exercise, they more often offered individual-based solutions. The study concludes with a discussion of media advocacy as a tool that can be used to promote environmental solutions. PMID:21859923

Mastin, Teresa; Campo, Shelly; Askelson, Natoshia M

2012-01-01

485

Obesity and African Americans: Physiologic and Behavioral Pathways  

PubMed Central

Although progress has been made to understand the association between physiological and lifestyle behaviors with regard to obesity, ethnic differences in markers of obesity and pathways towards obesity remain somewhat unexplained. However, obesity remains a serious growing concern. This paper highlights ethnic differences in African Americans and Caucasians that may contribute to the higher prevalence of obesity among African Americans. Understanding ethnic differences in metabolic syndrome criteria, functioning of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis, variations in glucocorticoid sensitivity and insulin resistance, and physical activity and cardiovascular fitness levels may help to inform practical clinical and public health interventions and reduce obesity disparities. PMID:24533220

Abraham, Preetha Anna; Kazman, Josh Ben; Zeno, Stacey Anne; Deuster, Patricia Anne

2013-01-01

486

Stress-related disorders in African-American children.  

PubMed Central

Children exposed to traumatic stress are vulnerable to a variety of stress-related disorders other than classical post-traumatic stress disorder. Several case histories are presented to illustrate some of the diversity of how traumatic stress may manifest in children. African-American children are the main focus of this article as political, economic, social, and morbidity and mortality indicators suggest that African-American children are at high risk for exposure to potentially traumatic stressors. Different presentations of traumatic, stress are discussed in an effort to broaden our understanding of the outcome of traumatic stress to fully help traumatized children. PMID:9170834

Bell, C. C.

1997-01-01

487

Impact of Racial Perspectives and Contextual Variables on Marital Trust and Adjustment for African American Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the associations of racial perspectives that represent pro-African American, anti-African American, or a mixture of these beliefs with marital trust and adjustment for African American couples (N = 93). Religious well-being and socioeconomic status (SES) were examined as contextual moderators. For husbands only, the anti-African American perspective was inversely associated with couple functioning, the mixed perspective was

Shalonda Kelly; Frank J. Floyd

2006-01-01

488

Ethnicity as a social context for the development of African-American adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does anticipated future racial discrimination undermine African-American adolescents' academic motivation and performance? Do face-to-face experiences with racial discrimination at school undermine African-American adolescents' academic functioning? Does African-American ethnic identity buffer these relations? This paper addresses these questions using two waves of data from a longitudinal study of an economically diverse sample of African-American adolescents living near Washington D.C. The data

Jacquelynne S. Eccles; Carol A. Wong; Stephen C. Peck

2006-01-01

489

Themes that Thread through Society: racism and athletic manifestation in the African?American community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to examine and critically analyze the impact of sport in the African?American community. This critique of the social and behavioral outcomes of sport in the African?American community will include philosophical, historical, and sociological inquiry most affecting the plight of the African?American male in academics and athletics. Data on the perceptions of contemporary African?American men

C. Keith Harrison

1998-01-01

490

The Utility of Measures of Self-Efficacy for the Holland Themes in African American and European American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three inventories of self-efficacy or confidence with respect to the six Holland themes were compared in samples of European American and African American college students. Results indicated that the reliabilities of all subscales were sufficiently high for use in research and that all subscales were as reliable for African Americans as for European Americans. There were significant gender differences in

Nancy E. Betz; Laurie R. Gwilliam

2002-01-01

491

The Effects of Age at Kindergarten Entry on the Reading Proficiency of African American and European American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

European American students are more likely delayed entrance in kindergarten than African American students. This study examined whether age at kindergarten entry influences the reading proficiency skills of African American and European American students at the start of kindergarten, at the end of first grade, and at the end of third grade. Using…

Easton-Brooks, Donald; Brown, Amber

2010-01-01

492

Effects of Ethnically Diverse Photographic Stimuli on Preference and Discourse Tasks in African American and Caucasian American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determined whether using photographic stimuli displaying different ethnicity (African American vs. Caucasian American) influenced preference, word count, and number of content units produced by African American or Caucasian American participants. Six photograph pairs depicting common scenes were developed, differing only by model…

Ramkissoon, Ishara; Dagenais, Paul A.; Evans, Kelli J.; Camp, Travis J.; Ferguson, Neina N.

2013-01-01

493

Depressive Symptoms, Stress, and Weight Concerns Among African American and European American Low-Income Female Smokers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between perceived stress, depressive symptoms, concern about weight gain and smoking dependence were examined among 83 European American and 175 African American female smokers bringing children to pediatric clinics serving a low-income population. Among African American women, but not European American women, greater stress and more depressive symptoms predicted greater smoking dependence, and less concern about weight gain

Evette J. Ludman; Susan J. Curry; Louis C. Grothaus; Elinor Graham; James Stout; Paula Lozano

2002-01-01

494

Relationship between adiposity and admixture in African-American and Hispanic-American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:The objective of this study was to investigate whether differences in admixture in African-American (AFA) and Hispanic-American (HA) adult women are associated with adiposity and adipose distribution.Design:The proportion of European, sub-Saharan African and Amerindian admixture was estimated for AFA and HA women in the Women's Heath Initiative using 92 ancestry informative markers. Analyses assessed the relationship between admixture and adiposity

R Nassir; L Qi; R Kosoy; L Garcia; M Allison; H M Ochs-Balcom; F Tylavsky; J E Manson; R Shigeta; J Robbins; M F Seldin

2012-01-01

495

An assessment of home remedy use by African Americans.  

PubMed Central

This analysis represents the first national look at family and individual use of home remedies by African Americans. The purpose is to examine home remedy usage by African-American individuals and their families and assess the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and home remedy usage for African-American families and African-American individuals. Using logistic regression, a secondary analysis of the National Survey on Black Americans (NSBA) data (N = 2107) was conducted to examine factors associated with home remedy use. Multivariate analysis indicated that parent's education, importance of religion, living with a grandparent, and living in a rural area were associated with families' use of home remedies. Age, gender, living with a grandparent, education, and geographic region were associated with individual home remedy use. The results of this research may provide insight to health care practitioners in their challenge of appropriately integrating self-care practices (i.e., home remedy use) and the use of the formal health care system among the patients that utilize both "scientific" and "folk" medical systems. When possible, treatment plans should be adapted to consider patients' demographics, health beliefs, and self-care practices. Health care providers should encourage patient and family involvement and dialogue regarding therapeutic approaches. As more information becomes available, health care practitioners will be better able to ascertain the possible health consequences of concurrent usage of home remedies and prescription drug therapies. PMID:10946530

Boyd, E. L.; Taylor, S. D.; Shimp, L. A.; Semler, C. R.

2000-01-01

496

Mathematics Standards, Cultural Styles, and Learning Preferences: The Plight and the Promise of African American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Posits that African American students receive mathematics instruction that is not consistent with mathematics education reform; furthermore, the mathematics instruction that many African American students receive is in opposition to their cultural styles and learning preferences. Suggests that if African American students receive mathematics…

Berry, Robert Q., III

2003-01-01

497

African American Young Adult Smoking Initiation: Identifying Intervention Points and Prevention Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans have one of the lowest smoking rates as teens yet have one of the highest smoking rates as adults. Approximately 40% of African Americans who have ever smoked started smoking between the ages of 18 and 21. Purpose: This study aimed to identify why African American young adults began smoking in young adulthood and what…

Cheney, Marshall K.; Mansker, Jacqueline

2014-01-01

498

Examining the Writing of Adolescent African American English Speakers: Suggestions for Assessment and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the use of African American English (AAE) in the written and oral language of African American adolescents who struggle with writing. Written and oral language samples of 22 African American 10th-grade students were transcribed, analyzed, and coded for AAE, grammatical errors, spelling errors, and punctuation errors. Four…

Horton-Ikard, RaMonda; Pittman, Ramona T.

2010-01-01

499

Emotional and Behavioral Functioning of Offspring of African American Mothers with Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extensive research demonstrates the negative impact of maternal depression on their offspring. Unfortunately, few studies have been explored in African American families. This study examined emotional and behavioral functioning among children of African American mothers with depression. African American mothers (n = 63), with a past year diagnosis…

Boyd, Rhonda C.; Diamond, Guy S.; Ten Have, Thomas R.

2011-01-01

500

The Impact of Market Segmentation on African American Frequency, Centrality, and Status in Television Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Market segmentation made communication with the advertising audience dependent upon the audience segment. African Americans were the first racial minority group identified as having economic viability as a target market that could be reached through advertising content and placement. A content analysis of 358 prime-time television advertisements for African American and general audiences revealed that African Americans are still playing

Karie L. Hollerbach

2009-01-01