These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Perceptions of African American and European American Teachers on the Education of African American Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors interviewed 27 teachers (16 African American and 11 European American) on instructional factors contributing to overidentification of behavior problems in African American boys. Interviews focused on teachers' perspectives of effective teachers, teacher-student relationships, and communication styles. Analysis of the interviews showed…

Bacon, Ellen; Banks, Joy; Young, Kathryn; Jackson, Francesina R.

2007-01-01

2

Investigating Instructional Practices of an African American Male Mathematics Teacher with Underachieving African American Male Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined the instructional practices of an experienced African American mathematics teacher to determine his perceived capabilities in augmenting academic proficiency for his African American male students. Provided in this descriptive case study are the lived experiences of an African American male teacher working to move…

Muhammad, Rhonda K.

2012-01-01

3

Community Reciprocity in the Work of African-American Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scholarship on historical and contemporary African-American teachers highlights the emphasis on community connections in their work. As such, the scholarship portrays African-American teachers almost exclusively as "givers" without fully considering what teachers derive from community connections. This paper describes a qualitative study in…

Dingus, Jeannine

2006-01-01

4

Teaching African American Youth: Learning from the Lives of Three African American Social Studies Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the life histories of three African American social studies teachers, focusing on the evolution and changes in their identities, perspectives, and attitudes related to their profession and instructional practice. In addition, the study addresses the significance of the teachers' racialized experiences as African Americans and…

McBride, Chantee Earl

2010-01-01

5

"Brothers Gonna Work It Out:" Understanding the Pedagogic Performance of African American Male Teachers Working with African American Male Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from ethnographic data, this paper explores how African American male teachers working with African American male students performed their pedagogy. This paper highlights how teachers' understanding of African American males social and educational needs shaped their pedagogical performance. Interestingly however, teachers' performance was…

Brown, Anthony L.

2009-01-01

6

Perceptions of Teacher Expectations by African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American high school students are performing behind their White classmates regardless of whether they are in majority or minority populations at school. Teacher expectations, among school-related factors that can impact the academic achievement of African American high school students, are the focus of this study. Interviews were conducted…

Pringle, Beverley E.; Lyons, James E.; Booker, Keonya C.

2010-01-01

7

Pedagogies of Experience: A Case of the African American Male Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous scholars have illustrated how African American teachers' past experiences provide them a philosophical vision committed to teaching for social and educational change for African American students. This article draws from this body of work by looking at the diverse ways five African American male teachers used their past experiences to…

Brown, Anthony L.

2011-01-01

8

Raising the Critical Consciousness of African American Students in Baldwin Hills: A Portrait of an Exemplary African American Male Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the pedagogical practices of an exemplary male African American middle school teacher in an affluent neighborhood, discussing principles guiding his efforts to enhance African American students' moral, intellectual, and spiritual development and noting how his emancipatory pedagogies provide a fertile learning ground. This case study…

Lynn, Marvin; Johnson, Charletta; Hassan, Kamal

1999-01-01

9

Recruiting Highly Qualified African American Teachers in American Urban Public Schools: A Qualitative Collective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the qualitative collective case study is to identify the weaknesses in the methods used to recruit highly qualified African American preservice teachers in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. The data collection process consisted of one-on-one, open-ended interview questions with 10 highly qualified African American public school…

James, LaNora Marcell

2011-01-01

10

Personal Investments, Professional Gains: Strategies of African American Women Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As African American mothers and teacher educators, the authors' investment in teacher education is both personal and professional. The authors build upon these personal and professional investments in their teaching practices with primarily White pre-service teachers, in the hopes of better preparing them to teach African American children. This…

Dixson, Adrienne D.; Dingus, Jeannine E.

2006-01-01

11

"Putting Herself on the Line": African American Female Teacher Leaders as Exemplars of Social Justice Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing scholarship on teacher leadership fails to account for the perspectives of African American female teacher leaders. In this article, we profile 3 African American female teacher leaders located at different trajectories on historical and professional timelines. Our analysis is grounded in understandings from the intersection of social…

Robinson, Sheila Teel; Baber, Ceola Ross

2013-01-01

12

Measuring Urban Teachers' Beliefs about African American Students: A Psychometric Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding urban teachers' beliefs about African American students has become important because (a) many teachers are reluctant to teach students from other cultures, and (b) most teachers are European American. To construct a psychometrically sound measure of teacher beliefs, the authors investigate the measurement properties of a teacher

Natesan, Prathiba; Kieftenbeld, Vincent

2013-01-01

13

A Phenomenological Study Exploring Shortages of African American Male Teachers in Public Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological research was designed to explore the lived experiences of African American male educators in a mid-Atlantic state through the lens of the phenomenon of shortage of African American male teachers. The overarching question guiding this study addressed the lived experiences of African American male educators in a mid-Atlantic…

Wimbush, Jason D.

2012-01-01

14

Teachers' Reactions to African American Students' Movement Styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public education system in the United States has overidentified African American children as targets for special education. In 1998, figures released by the U.S. Department of Education showed that African American students comprised 21% of all students in special education courses in the United States. Yet, African American students account for only 16.8% of the public school population. Research

La Vonne I. Neal; Audrey Davis McCray; Gwendolyn Webb-Johnson

2001-01-01

15

Predicting Preservice Teachers' Self-Efficacy to Resolve a Cultural Conflict Involving an African American Student  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined preservice teachers' (1) sense of efficacy to resolve a cultural conflict involving an African American student, (2) sense of preparedness to effectively handle cultural conflicts, and (3) culturally responsive teaching self-efficacy beliefs. After reading a case study describing a teacher working with an African American male student, participants (n = 84) were asked to indicate how efficacious

Kamau Oginga Siwatu; Tehia V. Starker

2010-01-01

16

Educating African American Males: Examining Teacher Perceptions and Cultural Interpretations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many decades, society has struggled with academic underachievement, particularly among African American males. Although a myriad of studies have identified significant causal factors of African American academic underachievement from the perspectives and circumstances of the student, limited studies focus on this problem from the perspective…

Rivers, Celeste A.

2010-01-01

17

Welcoming Taye: How His English Teacher Embraced an African American Transfer Student in an Affluent Suburb  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study narrative examines the circumstances underlying problems of residency in an affluent Midwest suburb experiencing an unexpected influx of working class African American students. Dilemmas engender a cultural mismatch between teachers and students and discomfort with African-American males. In a controversial climate where students…

Hill, K. Dara

2014-01-01

18

Recruitment and retention initiatives for African American and Hispanic teachers in selected school districts in Texas  

E-print Network

to students in the middle school and high school settings. (3) Job satisfaction and job security are leading retention initiatives for African American and Hispanic teacher which can be accomplished by improving working conditions and increasing administrative...

Perry, Anita Jane

2005-08-29

19

Dispositions and Practices That Promote Teacher-Student Relationships with African-American Male Elementary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study was focused on teacher dispositions and practices that create positive teacher-student relationships with African-American elementary male students. Robert Pianta's work on relationships between teachers and students, over the past decade, provided a conceptual framework for this specific study. A review of the literature…

Yeldell, Karyn Mitchell

2013-01-01

20

An Exploratory Study of the Career Decisions of African American and Hispanic Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need for culturally diverse teachers. Weiher (2000) studied the relationship between African American and Hispanic student achievement and schools with teachers from diverse ethnic backgrounds. Results indicated the greater the difference between the percentage of ethnically diverse teachers and the percentage of diverse students, the…

Waller, Johnnye

2010-01-01

21

A Kentucky Journey--African American Heritage. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to the core exhibit of the Kentucky History Center (Frankfort) focuses on African American history in the commonwealth of Kentucky. The guide extracts text from seven of the exhibit's chronological areas and lists environments, displays, and other exhibit features to help students understand some of the events that shaped the African

Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort.

22

African American Pre-Service Teachers' Perspectives on Urban Education: An Exploration at an HBCU  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to better understand African American pre-service teachers' perspectives on urban education. Over a 2-year period, pre-experience and post-experience surveys were conducted at a Historically Black University (HBCU) after pre-service teachers completed an urban education immersion course in order to frame their understanding of…

Mawhinney, Lynnette; Mulero, Loribel; Perez, Cynthia

2012-01-01

23

On Human Kinds and Role Models: A Critical Discussion about the African American Male Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the theoretical implications around positioning the Black male teacher as the central agent of social change for Black male students. In addressing such concerns, my intention is not to discourage efforts to recruit and retain more African American men as teachers, but to trouble the commonsense assumptions embedded in such…

Brown, Anthony L.

2012-01-01

24

Recruiting African American Male Teachers in K-12 Schools: A Case Study in One Urban School District  

E-print Network

A case study of the experiences of six African American male teachers in a southern K-12 school district is presented in this study. The purpose of this study was: 1) to hear the voices of African American male teachers in a selected urban school...

Watson, Jesse

2012-02-14

25

A Long Road to Travel: Narratives of African American Male Preservice Educators' Journeys through a Graduate Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ongoing research concerning African American males enrolled in teacher education programs is essential for a number of reasons. Research specifically addressing preservice teaching, teacher education, and the African American male student is needed to promote the well-being of any school of education. According to McCray, Sindelar, Kilgore,…

Jones, Shawn

2011-01-01

26

The Relationship Between Teachers' Preparation and Perceived Level of Technology Use in Mathematics With Middle School African American Males  

E-print Network

and how effective these activities were in teaching mathematics objectives to African American males. The participants of this study were middle school teachers from six schools in the southwestern portion of the United States. Participants... Regarding the Level of Preparedness of Teachers in the Use of Internet Correspondence When Teaching African American Males ..................................................................... 86 11 Chi-Square Results Regarding the Level of Preparedness...

Mason, Sherrie Dee

2012-10-19

27

Academic Achievement of African American Preadolescents: The Influence of Teacher Perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify the factors associated with the academic success of predominantly, middle-class African American preadolescent students. This study proposed an ecological model that considered the interaction of family environment, teacher perceptions of social skills, and student characteristics. The estimated model explained 58% of the variance in grade point average. Path analysis revealed three direct

Sherri F. Seyfried

1998-01-01

28

Teacher and Observer Ratings of Young African American Children's Social and Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's social and emotional competence abilities have been linked to successful social interactions and academic performance. This study examined the teacher and observer ratings of social and emotional competence for 89 young (3- to 5-year-old), African American children from economically stressed urban environments. There was a specific…

Humphries, Marisha L.; Keenan, Kate; Wakschlag, Lauren S.

2012-01-01

29

Teachers' Expected Function and the Behavior of African American Males in Middle Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators have employed numerous strategies to address the problem of inappropriate student classroom behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between the role of the teacher or expected function and the behavior of African American male students in the educational environment. The research questions were…

Cooper, Jacquelene

2011-01-01

30

Reflecting on Racism: School Involvement and Perceived Teacher Discrimination in African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships among maternal perceptions of racial discrimination, mother-teacher relationship quality, and school involvement were examined in this sample of 73 African American mothers of kindergarteners and first graders. Mothers reported time spent in school-related activities at home, their attitudes about the importance of school…

Rowley, Stephanie J.; Helaire, Lumas J.; Banerjee, Meeta

2010-01-01

31

Negotiating a Teaching Identity: An African American Teacher's Struggle to Teach in Test-Driven Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examines the experiences of a young African American English teacher over 3 years as she tried to teach multicultural literature. The study began in her senior year of college when she was enrolled in a progressive undergraduate preservice program in English education and continued through her first 2 years as a high school English…

Agee, Jane

2004-01-01

32

Exploration of African-American Males and the Influence of Race, Gender and Teacher Beliefs about Their Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been no shortage of calls to improve teaching. Even the federal law, the No Child Left Behind Act, has mandated high quality teaching in the nation's public schools. But the question still remains "What makes an effective teacher, particularly of African-American males in an urban environment?" African-American males in…

Hamlet, Conrad E.

2012-01-01

33

Learning Other People's History: Pre-Service Teachers' Developing African American Historical Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from the historical lens of cultural memory, I examined the development of three social studies pre-service teachers' African American history knowledge. The participants were engaged in a rigorous summer reading program dedicated to learning African American history. This qualitative case study examined both pre and post…

King, LaGarrett Jarriel

2014-01-01

34

African American Male Elementary Teachers' Perceptions on Factors That Influence Their Retention and Attrition: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe and explore American male elementary teachers' perceptions on factors that contribute to decisions to remain in or exit the teaching field, specifically elementary education. Ten African American male elementary teachers participated in the study. The theory from this study was the…

Walker, Lemanski Chante'

2012-01-01

35

Rethinking "Turner v. Keefe": The Parallel Mobilization of African-American and White Teachers in Tampa, Florida, 1936-1946  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1941, members of the local unit of the Florida State Teachers Association (FSTA) met in Tampa to plan a lawsuit against Hillsborough County's school board for paying African-American teachers less than white teachers. Hilda Turner, who taught history and economics at Tampa's historically black high school, agreed to serve as plaintiff; she was…

Shircliffe, Barbara J.

2012-01-01

36

School Teacher Perceptions of Barriers that Limit the Participation of African American Males in Public School Gifted Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used data from questionnaires completed by teachers employed in North Carolina schools (N = 370) to determine if teachers felt that non-school-related or school-related factors served as barriers that limited the number of African American male children from participating in gifted programs. The majority of the teachers taught 3rd- to…

Hargrove, Brenda H.; Seay, Sandra E.

2011-01-01

37

Examining Teachers' Beliefs about African American Male Students in a Low-Performing High School in an African American School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: The study examines teachers' and administrators' perspectives on the persistent academic failure of African American male high school students. The study took place between 2003 and 2005 in a low-performing high school in Summerfield County, a Black suburban county in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States with a poverty…

Lynn, Marvin; Bacon, Jennifer Nicole; Totten, Tommy L.; Bridges, Thurman L., III; Jennings, Michael E.

2010-01-01

38

Identifying New Sources of African American Male Pre-Service Teachers: Creating a Path from Student-Athlete to Student-Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative research study examined the experiences of one African American former college athlete and two athletic department academic advisors at a BCS Division University in the Southern Region of the United States, Given the catastrophic shortage of African American male K-12 teachers, the participants of this study were interviewed to…

Byrd, David A.; Butler, Bettie Ray; Lewis, Chance W.; Bonner, Fred A., II; Rutledge, Michael; Watson, Jesse J.

2011-01-01

39

Cultural Self Meets Cultural Other in the African American Experience: Teachers' Responses to a Curriculum Content Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses certain complexities of personal transformation among people implementing African and African American curriculum content reform in the Buffalo (New York) public schools, highlighting individual teachers' understanding of and responses to the reform and noting that attitudes about their own and other people's ethnicity proved important…

Shujaa, Mwalimu J.

1995-01-01

40

Examination of factors which may contribute to the underrepresentation of African American teachers certified in science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout this country the student population is becoming increasingly diverse, yet the teacher population does not reflect this diversity. This lack of diversity in the teacher population deprives students of color from having role models of the same race/ethnicity who look like them and who might have experiences which are similar to theirs (Epstein, 2005; Nettles & Perna, 1997). Having role models from their own race in the classroom could have a positive impact on students' attitudes about science (Perine, 2003), and facilitate their learning of the subject matter, and give students an incentive to do well in school (Vegas, Murnane, & Willett, 2001). In 2000, a national survey study of math and science teachers was conducted (Horizon Research, 2001). The majority of biology (90%), chemistry (93%), and physics (94%) teachers who participated in the study were White. Findings of the study revealed that only 55% to 60% of these teachers considered themselves well prepared to effectively teach a culturally diverse student population (Banilower, 2002; Smith, 2002; Wood, 2002). The majority of the teacher pool, which is White, prefer not to teach in urban communities as they have a preference for teaching jobs in the nonurban communities that are similar to those in which they were raised (Boyd, Lankford, Loeb, & Wyckoff, 2005; Epstein, 2005). The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine factors that may contribute to the underrepresentation of African American teachers certified in science. More specifically, it was decided to examine the high school experiences of in-service teachers. Study participants were teachers and other certificated faculty in two school districts located in the southern portion of the United States. Findings of the study revealed a statistically significant relationship between a teacher's decision to become certified in science and the following high school experiences: teachers and guidance counselors encouraging students to consider a career in science; having confidence in one's academic ability in science class; good student-teacher relationships; teachers and guidance counselors encouraging students to take higher level science courses; teachers having high expectations, overall, for all of their students. Upon examination of these experiences, it was revealed that: not being encouraged as much as other students to take higher level science courses; being discouraged from taking higher level science courses more than other students; the lack of availability of advance level science courses; and not taking at least three science courses create barriers to African American teachers becoming certified in science.

Davis, Rita C. F.

41

African American History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

February is African American History Month, and, as the Library of Congress site notes, it's an area of history that should be incorporated into all discussions about American history. The Library of Congress listened to its own advice and created this most useful site to help students, teachers, and others to do just that. Visitors can read about a number of notable African Americans, including historian Carter G. Woodson and Congressman Major Owens. By clicking on the "Exhibits & Collections" area visitors can look through some of the digital collections related to various aspects of African American history. Additionally, the site also has other sections that provide primary materials on African Americans in the performing arts as well as oral histories from the Veterans History Project.

42

Successful White Mathematics Teachers of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, a growing disparity exists between the racial composition of teachers and the students they teach. In 2006, 43.1% of K-12 public school students were reported as non-White--in 1990, 32.4% (U.S. Department of Education, 2008). Teachers, however, are predominantly White, 83.3% (U.S. Department of Education, 2007a). Exacerbating…

Bidwell, Carla R.

2010-01-01

43

"I Want to Do the Right Thing but What Is It?": White Teachers' Experiences with African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines 26 White middle school teachers' perceptions of their experiences in a predominantly White middle school with a growing African American student population. Utilizing in-depth focus group interviews, teachers elaborated on their experiences with navigating racial, ethnic and cultural boundaries as they attempted to…

Henfield, Malik S.; Washington, Ahmad R.

2012-01-01

44

No Child Left Behind and Outreach to Families and Communities: The Perspectives of Exemplary African-American Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines the perspectives of eight exemplary African-American science teachers toward No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act and their outreach to families and communities in the context of the USA. Data revealed that whereas these exemplary teachers applauded the general intent of NCLB, they were concerned with its overemphasis on…

Coats, Linda T.; Xu, Jianzhong

2013-01-01

45

African & African-American Studies University of Kansas  

E-print Network

African & African-American Studies University of Kansas A Handbook for Graduate Students Department of African & African-American Studies 1440 Jayhawk Boulevard Bailey Hall, Room 9 Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (785-American Studies at the University of Kansas is to produce scholars, teachers, administrators, and other

46

The Role of African American Mentor Teachers in Preparing White Preservice Teachers for African American Student Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do we bridge the mismatch between teachers and students based on race and ethnicity currently in our nation's schools? The teaching force remains overwhelmingly White, while the percentage of K-12 students of color continues to rise. Because of cultural dissonance, teachers may not understand the needs of their students. This study shows…

Moule, Jean; Higgins, Karen M.

2007-01-01

47

A Study of Teachers, Students, and Parents' Perceptions of How School Climate Affects African-American and Latino Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationally, educational disparities have resulted in a significant achievement gap among African American and Latino students compared to European American students. Cognitive theorists including Piaget, Bruner, and Vygotsky believe that one's environment has an effect on learning. This qualitative case study examined teacher, student, and parent…

Taylor, Susan M.

2009-01-01

48

An Examination of Elementary School Teachers' Beliefs about Their African American Students with an Analysis of Selected Characteristics of Schools in One Urban School District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between five factors: teacher efficacy, teacher beliefs, cultural responsive classroom management, cultural awareness, and cultural sensitivity among African American, European American and Hispanic American elementary school teachers. The five factors were part of eight factors originating…

Marrero, Otoniel

2010-01-01

49

A Case Study of the Historically Successful Roles of African American Teachers in Contemporary, Selected, Urban Charter Schools in New York  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine, to what degree, African American teachers in five selected, urban charter schools in New York performed the historical roles of counselor, advocate, disciplinarian, surrogate parent, and role model in, to determine how African American Teachers perceived the importance of performing the…

Benson, Shanelle R.

2010-01-01

50

Professional development and poststructural analysis: Stories of African-American science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This interpretivist study focused on the professional development of three African American science teachers from a small rural school district, Carver School District (pseudonym), in the southeastern United States. Stories teachers shared of their experiences in teaching and learning science and in their professional development were analyzed using a feminist poststructural analysis of power, knowledge/meaning, language, and difference. For science teaching, power was viewed as a form of ownership or possession and also as effect and processes that impact teaching, learning, and professional development. Teachers through instructional practices exerted a certain amount of power in their classrooms. Teaching practices heavily influenced student learning in science classrooms. For teacher professional development, power was viewed as effecting relationships between administration, peers, and students as a shifting force within different social contexts. Science teachers were perceived as objects of the system and as active social agents who in particular relations of power acted in their best interests as they developed as science teachers. Teachers negotiated for themselves certain power relations to do as they wished for teaching science and for participating in teacher professional development activities. Power was an inherent and critically important aspect in understanding what science teachers do in their classrooms, in teaching and learning science, and in developing as science teachers. Knowledge was closely tied to relations of power in that teachers acquired knowledge about themselves, their teaching of science, and their students from their past experiences and professional development activities. Through language, interactions between teachers and students enabled or disabled access to the culture of power via instructional practices. Language was implicated in teacher professional development as a powerful force for advancing or hindering teachers professionally. The three teachers had different and similar experiences based upon race/ethnicity, gender, class, and age. Taking differences and similarities into consideration, recommendations were offered to balance relations of power in science teaching, learning, and teacher professional development through multicultural education, culturally relevant pedagogy, and feminist pedagogy for their particular teaching contexts. Feminist poststructuralism offers an alternative and critical perspective for science education research.

Moore, Felicia Michelle

2003-10-01

51

Stroke and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Data > Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Stroke Stroke and African Americans African American adults are twice as likely to have a stroke than their White adult counterparts. Further, men are ...

52

Obesity and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Data > Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Obesity Obesity and African Americans African American women have the ... ss6104.pdf [PDF | 3.5MB] HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

53

African-American Biography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests sources of information for African American History Month for library media specialists who work with students in grades four through eight. Gale Research's "African-American Reference Library," which includes "African-America Biography,""African-American Chronology," and "African-American Almanac," is reviewed, and a reference activity…

Martin, Ron

1995-01-01

54

Case Study of Rural High School Math Teachers of African American Students  

E-print Network

American Students …….…….39 Discipline for African American Students ……….………….………………43 Cultural Style and Discipline Among African American Students …….……45 Successful Instructional Strategies... counterparts when their school experience is altered and constructed to obtain success through strategies such as pre- school, parental education and extracurricular activity involvement. Therefore, a goal of this study was to add a narrative about the self...

Jones, Marcus Gee

2014-05-03

55

Evaluating Academic Achievement of African-American Male Students in Relationship to African-American Male Teachers in Guilford County, North Carolina Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The home and the public school classroom have been key environments in the African American community and have been instrumental in developing identity and encouraging academic progress. Despite this, the dropout rates of African American males in secondary grades have increased, while academic achievement scores of African American males in the…

Daniels, Byron L.

2010-01-01

56

Through a Limiting Lens: Comparing Student, Parent, and Teacher Perspectives of African American Boys' Support for School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three qualitative case studies of elementary school African American boys demonstrate differing perspectives of the school-related support that students experience. Three boys, their teachers, and their parents/guardians identified various individuals as supportive in the boys' schooling. These individuals included co-residential family members,…

Hilgendorf, Amy E.

2012-01-01

57

Relationships between Low-Income African American Mothers and Their Home Visitors: A Parents as Teachers Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships that developed between low-income African American mothers and home visitors in a Parents as Teachers program were studied. Qualitative open-ended interviews were conducted with mothers. Results indicated that even though the program was designed to deliver the same curriculum to all parents, there were differences in the focus of…

Woolfolk, Tara N.; Unger, Donald G.

2009-01-01

58

"No More Mr. Nice Guy": Preservice Teachers' Conflict with Classroom Management in a Predominantly African-American Urban Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using methods of naturalistic inquiry, this study examines preservice teachers' conflict with classroom management strategies used in a predominantly African-American urban elementary school. It highlights the theory/practice dilemma, focusing on the tensions between the democratic strategies taught in university classes and the more authoritarian…

Higgins, Karen M.; Moule, Jean

2009-01-01

59

The Underrepresentation of African American Female Students in STEM Fields: Implications for Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American women are underrepresented in STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) fields (Catsambis, 1994). The socialization and "under-education" of African American female students engenders ideas of inferiority, while the presence of an inferior race, sex and class, in one body, may produce an ideology of mediocrity. Data…

Farinde, Abiola A.; Lewis, Chance W.

2012-01-01

60

African Americans and Smoking  

MedlinePLUS

... Facts About Smoking Among African Americans Use of menthol cigarettes is disproportionately high among African Americans. Almost ... software. 4. Ibid. 5. Hebert, JR. Invited Commentary: Menthol Cigarettes and Risk of Lung Cancer. American Journal ...

61

Understanding curriculum in context: using currere to explore the perceptions, attitudes and practices of white teachers in classrooms with african american students  

E-print Network

. More specifically, the intent was to understand the relationship between the selected White teachers’ perceptions of themselves as White educators, their perceptions of the African American students they teach, and their teaching practices. Further...

Milam, Jennifer Louise

2009-05-15

62

Asthma and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Hispanic Blacks reported that they currently have asthma. African Americans were 20% more likely to have asthma than non-Hispanic Whites, in 2011. In 2009, African Americans were three times more likely to die from ...

63

Cancer and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... a glance – Top Cancer Sites for African Americans (2006-2010) Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Men ... a glance – Top Cancer Sites for African Americans (2006-2010) Cancer Incidence Rates per 100,000 – Women ...

64

African American Suicide  

MedlinePLUS

... per 100,000. In 2010, there were 389 African American female suicides. The ratio of African American male to ... 4.9 to 1. The suicide rate among African American females was the lowest of all racial/gender groups. ...

65

Promoting Academic Achievement: The Role of Racial Identity in Buffering Perceptions of Teacher Discrimination on Academic Achievement among African American and Caribbean Black Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined the moderating effects of different dimensions racial identity (i.e., racial centrality and public regard) on perceptions of teacher discrimination and academic achievement among a nationally represented sample of African American and Caribbean Black adolescents. The findings revealed that perceived teacher

Thomas, Oseela N.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Faison, Nkesha; Jackson, James S.

2009-01-01

66

Middle class African American mothers' perceptions of White teachers' interactions with their African American children in predominately White suburban junior high schools  

E-print Network

This research study was conducted as a qualitative case study of six middle class African American mothers living in a suburban community. Their children attended a predominantly White suburban junior high school in their community. The study...

Williams, Twyla Jeanette

2009-05-15

67

Seeking Effective Schools for African American Children: Strategies for Teachers and School Managers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook focuses on five long-standing correlates for effective schools postulated by the late Ron Edmonds. Edmonds searched long and hard for those variables that were present in successful inner-city schools populated primarily by African American children. His work demonstrated that it is possible to educate so-called hard-to-reach…

Bryant, Bunyan; Jones, Alan H.

68

An Analysis of Teacher Perceptions of African American Boys' Educational Status in a Rural School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American boys are the lowest achieving academic group in public schools. Current research has delved into why this occurs and into implications for African American boys and communities. However, current research has focused on this in urban populations and has not looked at length at the status of African American boys in rural…

Bruton, Chantrell Anita

2012-01-01

69

16 Extraordinary African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection for children tells the stories of 16 African Americans who helped make America what it is today. African Americans can take pride in the heritage of these contributors to society. Biographies are given for the following: (1) Sojourner Truth, preacher and abolitionist; (2) Frederick Douglass, abolitionist; (3) Harriet Tubman, leader…

Lobb, Nancy

70

Understanding African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the socialization skills, self-esteem, and academic readiness of African American males in a school environment. Discussions with students and the School Perceptions Questionnaire provided data for this investigation. The intended targets for this investigation were African American students; however, there…

Bell, Edward Earl

2010-01-01

71

Developing a Multicultural Curriculum in a Predominantly White Teaching Context: Lessons From an African American Teacher in a Suburban English Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author sought to understand an African American English teacher's multicultural curriculum transformation and teaching in a suburban, mostly White, high school. Building on Banks's (1998) model of multicultural curriculum integration, the study focused on a context that might otherwise be ignored because there was not a large student-of-color…

Milner, H. Richard

2005-01-01

72

The College: Arts & Sciences African & African-American Studies  

E-print Network

The College: Arts & Sciences African & African-American Studies Department: African & African-American for the course description. Department: African & African-American Studies Course: AAS 122 Title: History of Jazz Description: Please see MUR 122 for the course description. Department: African & African-American Studies

Mahon, Bradford Z.

73

African-Americans and Alzheimer's  

MedlinePLUS

... Share Plus on Google Plus African-Americans and Alzheimer's alz.org | IHaveAlz Introduction 10 Warning Signs Brain ... African-Americans are at a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease. Many Americans dismiss the warning signs of ...

74

Precedents in African American architecture  

E-print Network

As a sub-sets of American culture, African Americans have not been able to offer culturally specific architectural elements to the design process because the history of African American form and space has not been recognized ...

Sass, Lawrence

1994-01-01

75

A Qualitative Analysis of Teachers' and Counselors' Perceptions of the Overrepresentation of African Americans in Special Education: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors investigate the perceptions of general educators, special educators, and school counselors on the topic of overrepresentation of minorities (specifically, African American) in special education programs. The study took place in a rural school district in south central Alabama, where overrepresentation of African American

Shippen, Margaret E.; Curtis, Rebecca; Miller, Alan

2009-01-01

76

Against the Odds: A Phenomenological Study of African American Male Teachers in a Rural Elementary/High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have documented the failure and attrition of African American male students to complete high school or college. Much less attention has been given to the ways in which these students successfully matriculate from these institutions. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to understand the experiences of African American male…

Reeves-Weaver, Ann

2010-01-01

77

Urban Middle School Mathematics Teachers' Beliefs about African American Students: Origins and Influence on Instructional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American students are not achieving at the levels of their white and Asian counterparts on all measures of achievement including standardized assessments, particularly in mathematics. The existence of a mathematics achievement gap signifies a breakdown in the teaching and learning of mathematics for African American students. This…

Anderson, Christian J., Sr.

2012-01-01

78

Diabetes in African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... Moving towards prevention of Type 2 Diabetes This music CD helps African Americans incorporate more physical activity ... move more. Three songs from the popular Movimiento music CD also are included. This CD also contains ...

79

Teaching Experiences of African American Educators in the Rural South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A scarcity of research exists regarding the voices of African American teachers who taught in the rural South. In this study, we report the life experiences, perceptions, thoughts, and feelings of three female African American educators as they pertain to their experiences teaching before, during, and after desegregation. Three female African

Polidore, Ellene; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2010-01-01

80

Reading African-American Literature to Understand the World: Critical Race Praxis in Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher preparation programs have come under close scrutiny and teacher educators are being called to shift the center of gravity from traditional approaches to more transformative and urban-focused curricula that will better prepare teacher candidates (TCs) to become effective and caring teachers of diverse pupils, particularly in urban sites.…

Katsarou, Eleni

2009-01-01

81

Coccidioidomycosis in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Coccidioidomycosis is caused by Coccidioides species, a fungus endemic to the desert regions of the southwestern United States, and is of particular concern for African Americans. We performed a PubMed search of the English-language medical literature on coccidioidomycosis in African Americans and summarized the pertinent literature. Search terms were coccidioidomycosis, Coccidioides, race, ethnicity, African, black, and Negro. The proceedings of the national and international coccidioidomycosis symposia were searched. All relevant articles and their cited references were reviewed; those with epidemiological, immunologic, clinical, and therapeutic data pertaining to coccidioidomycosis in African Americans were included in the review. Numerous studies documented an increased predilection for severe coccidioidal infections, coccidioidomycosis-related hospitalizations, and extrapulmonary dissemination in persons of African descent; however, most of the published studies are variably problematic. The immunologic mechanism for this predilection is unclear. The clinical features and treatment recommendations are summarized. Medical practitioners need to be alert to the possibility of coccidioidomycosis in persons with recent travel to or residence in an area where the disease is endemic. PMID:21193657

Ruddy, Barbara E.; Mayer, Anita P.; Ko, Marcia G.; Labonte, Helene R.; Borovansky, Jill A.; Boroff, Erika S.; Blair, Janis E.

2011-01-01

82

A Phenomenological Study: African-American Males in the Educational Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological research study explored the perceptions and lived experiences of African-American male teachers related to the underrepresentation of African-American males in the teaching profession. The study was guided by four research questions. The data was collected from 15 African-American male teachers at the elementary school level,…

Williams, Kristopher

2012-01-01

83

Tyranny of the Majority: Re-Enfranchisement of African-American Teacher Educators Teaching for Democracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the tensions related to multicultural pre-service teacher education for professors of color. Using two tenets of Critical Race Theory, counterstory and Whiteness as property, as their theoretical framework, the authors draw on personal and professional experiences working with pre-service teachers in predominantly White…

Dixson, Adrienne; Dingus, Jeannine

2007-01-01

84

African American Teachers in Suburban Desegregated Schools: Intergroup Differences and the Impact of Performance Pressures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: There is much literature that examines how the desegregation literature had implications for majority teachers and its impact on students of color. However, little has been written about the experiences of teachers of color working in suburban desegregated majority schools. Focus of Study: This article examines how intergroup…

Mabokela, Reitumetse Obakeng; Madsen, Jean A.

2007-01-01

85

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African American,…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

86

Designing Effective Library Services for African American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Obama signed the "White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for African Americans" on July 26, 2012. This executive order recognizes that many "African Americans lack equal access to highly effective teachers and principals, safe schools, and challenging college preparatory classes, and disproportionately experience…

Hughes-Hassell, Sandra

2013-01-01

87

african-american studies 142AC african-american studies 156AC african-american studies 158 african-american stud-ies 173AC african-american studies 27AC african-american studies 28AC american studies 101AC american studies  

E-print Network

african-american studies 142AC · african-american studies 156AC · african-american studies 158 · african-american stud- ies 173AC · african-american studies 27AC · african-american studies 28AC · american studies 101AC · american studies 10AC · american studies 139AC · anthropology 121AC · anthropology

Walker, Matthew P.

88

A study of mathematics and science achievement scores among African American students and the impact of teacher-oriented variables on them through the Educational Longitudinal Study, 2002 (ELS: 2002) data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this dissertation was to utilize the ELS: 2002 longitudinal data to highlight the achievement of African American students relative to other racial sub-groups in mathematics and science and to highlight teacher oriented variables that might influence their achievement. Various statistical tools, including descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Multiple Regression were used to analyze data that was derived from the students', teachers' and administrations' questionnaires compiled in the base year of the study (2002) as well as the first follow-up transcript study (2006). The major findings are as follows: African American students performed lower than all other major racial subgroups in mathematics and science; Parental variables including SES and parental education were strong correlates of achievement in mathematics and science: The amount and type of mathematics and science courses students took were strong predictors of achievement in mathematics and science; Teachers' race, experience, certification status, graduate courses completed and professional development influenced African American students' achievement in mathematics and science; Aspects of classroom climate including teacher-pupil relationship, classroom management, students' perception of quality instructions, praise and rewards system might influence African American students' achievement in mathematics and science; Teachers' beliefs pertaining to students' background and intellectual ability might influence their educational expectation of African American students and subsequently student achievement in mathematics and science; Teaching strategies such as reviewing, lecturing and using graphing calculators had a positive influence on mathematics achievement while using computers, discussion and using other books than mathematics textbooks had negative influences on mathematics achievement; Computer use in science had positive influence on science achievement while homework had a positive influence on mathematics and science achievement among African American students. The application of these findings in settings populated with African American students might be important in increasing mathematics and science achievement among them.

Walker, Valentine

89

Elder Abuse among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions of extreme, moderate, and mild forms of elder abuse among African-American women (n=25) and men (n=10) were examined. African-American respondents emphasized physical abuse when giving examples of extremely abusive behavior. Along with physical abuse, verbal abuse was the most frequently identified form of abuse, and was significantly…

Tauriac, Jesse J.; Scruggs, Natoschia

2006-01-01

90

Missing Voices: African American School Psychologists' Perspectives on Increasing Professional Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the mid 1960s, there has been a noticeable decrease in the percentage of African American educators. Although a sizeable literature is dedicated to understanding how to recruit African American teachers, fewer studies focus on recruiting and retaining African American school psychologists. Therefore, this exploratory qualitative study…

Proctor, Sherrie L.; Truscott, Stephen D.

2013-01-01

91

Black or African American Populations  

MedlinePLUS

... in the United States: 2012 US Census Bureau, Poverty Data Income and Poverty in the United States, 2013 Report Issued September, ... percentage of African American adults lived below the poverty level and (ages 18-64 years) were unemployed ...

92

Perceptions of Five Middle School Science Teachers: A Suburban Success Story on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills Achievement for Eighth Grade African American Students  

E-print Network

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine a problem of practice present in an actual school district. The study examined the achievement gap that existed between African American and European American students in eighth grade science...

Henry, Cheryl Turner

2012-07-16

93

The Visibility of African-American Literature in the Middle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the visibility of African-American literature in middle schools. The move in middle schools of this region toward the use of authentic literature and teacher/student choice of what is read has made a dramatic impact on the reading methods courses at the local university. Two teachers sought recommendations from local librarians,…

Cox, Juanita; Webre, Elizabeth C.

94

Beyond Parenting Practices: Extended Kinship Support and the Academic Adjustment of African-American and European-American Teens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined adolescents' perceptions of parenting practices and extended kinship support in relation to academic adjustment for 104 African American and 60 European American 9th and 10th graders (14 and 15 year olds). For African-American teens, parental acceptance was associated with school values, teacher bonding, and work orientation.…

Pallock, Linda L.; Lamborn, Susie D.

2006-01-01

95

American Modeling Teachers Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the web site home for the American Modeling Teachers Association, and organization run by and for teachers who use modeling instruction in their classroom. Modeling instruction organizes science content around a small number of of scientific models, and uses a structured inquiry approach to teaching science content and skills. This web site includes information about the Association, Modeling workshops, and discussions regarding science education. Members of the AMTA have access to Modeling teaching resources.

2013-03-20

96

African American Males. A Critical Link in the African American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans are experiencing extreme stress in the United States, and African-American males appear to suffer the most. The chapters in this volume examine some of the issues confronting African-American men today. They include: (1) "Introduction" (Dionne J. Jones); (2) "Reaffirming Young African American Males: Mentoring and Community…

Jones, Dionne J., Ed.

97

Statistical Profile of Older African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... relatives, and 39 percent lived alone. INCOME AND POVERTY Households containing families headed by African Americans age ... for men and $16,040 for women. The poverty rate in 2012 for African Americans age 65 ...

98

Wisconsin's Mass Incarceration of African American Males  

E-print Network

Wisconsin's Mass Incarceration of African American Males: Workforce Challenges for 2013 Prepared-Milwaukee 2013 #12;Wisconsin's Mass Incarceration of African American Males: Workforce Challenges of 2013 1 and practices leading to mass incarceration of African Americans men and suspensions of driving privileges

Saldin, Dilano

99

African American Girls and the Challenges Ahead  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research on the psychosocial development of African American girls is limited. Information that is available focuses on teen pregnancy and health issues such as nutrition and physical activity. African American girls are facing challenges, including poverty, crime, poor self-esteem, and peer pressure. Despite some of the negative characteristics attributed to African American girls, many are achieving some success. Policy

Judith L. Rozie-Battle

2002-01-01

100

Engaging African Americans in Smoking Cessation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans are disproportionately exposed to and targeted by prosmoking advertisements, particularly menthol cigarette ads. Though African Americans begin smoking later than whites, they are less likely to quit smoking than whites. Purpose: This study was designed to explore African American smoking cessation attitudes,…

Wallen, Jacqueline; Randolph, Suzanne; Carter-Pokras, Olivia; Feldman, Robert; Kanamori-Nishimura, Mariano

2014-01-01

101

Freedom Road: Adult Education of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains six chapters by various authors about the history of African Americans' contributions and participation in adult education. The book reports on how some African American leaders saw the connection between education and the eventual freedom or uplift of the African American people. Following a foreword (Phyllis M. Cunningham) and…

Peterson, Elizabeth A., Ed.

102

Classic African American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to assert that there are classic African American children's books and to identify a sampling of them. The author presents multiple definitions of the term classic based on the responses of children's literature experts and relevant scholarship. Next, the manner in which data were collected and analyzed in regard to…

McNair, Jonda C.

2010-01-01

103

Mapping the African American Past  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mapping the African American Past (MAAP) project, produced by a team of researchers and specialists at Columbia University, offers a marriage of African American history and geography in New York City. The project was funded by JPMorganChase, and it allows users to navigate through sites of importance to the African American community throughout the city's past. New visitors may wish to start by watching the short film, "Introduction to MAAP", and then move on over to the "Place in Focus" feature. Here they can learn about places like Five Points, the Abyssinian Baptist Church, and the home of David Ruggles. They can also use an interactive map to toggle through places associated with certain time periods, such as the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. Additionally, the site also contains lesson plans that address topics that include African American community and culture and "Building New York". The site is rounded out by a series of podcasts which cover all 52 locations featured on the MAAP website.

104

African-American Children's Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of representative stories told by black American children of West African descent in South Carolina shows that specific cultural motifs have been preserved in the oral tradition of black communities. Typical stories are tales of the supernatural, such as the Hag story about mortals who shed their skin at night to do evil deeds.…

Nichols, Patricia C.

105

HIV among African American Youth  

MedlinePLUS

... young white females. • The majority of young black females with HIV are infected through heterosexual contact. HIV treatment helps people with HIV live healthy lives and prevent transmission of the virus to partners. However, among African Americans who have been diagnosed with HIV, youth are ...

106

Varieties of Relevant Approaches for Teaching African-American Literature in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher of Black American literature may be overwhelmed by the amount of material that should be covered. Black American literature has origins in African, European, American Indian, and Black American features. Students should be able to read works of Black American literature that show how other people feel. A complete course can give students…

Anderson, Edward

107

African American rhinoplasty.  

PubMed

Rhinoplasty in patients of African descent requires a patient-specific approach, because the goals and ideal proportions differ from the white nose. This article discusses approaches to surgical correction of common anatomic variations. In addition, common pitfalls are outlined. PMID:25049123

Boyette, Jennings R; Stucker, Fred J

2014-08-01

108

Urban Special Education Teachers' Perception of African American Students as Measured by the Cultural Awareness Beliefs Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, this study examined the relationship between the perceptions of special education teachers and the eight factors (Teacher Beliefs, School climate, Culturally responsive Classroom Management, Home and Community Support, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum and Instruction, Cultural Sensitivity and Teacher

Jackson, Dianna Dale

2010-01-01

109

Culturally Relevant Collective Responsibility among Teachers of African-American Students in a High Poverty Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a construct of collective responsibility which is evident when teachers believe that increased teacher efforts result in increased student learning. The group of teachers in a school that believe their efforts are crucial in the learning process, and are willing to take responsibility for all students, regardless of the students' aptitude…

Gant, Monica Minor

2010-01-01

110

Cradle to third life: An autobiography of an African-American science educator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This inquiry used reflective autobiographical research to reveal my beliefs, values, and practices of science teaching by using participatory action research with two students of my science tutoring organization. Also, I conducted an ethnographic inquiry using African-American teachers to understand how my early schooling experiences influenced my beliefs, values, and science practices. I collected data for this inquiry from three African-American teachers through interview-conversation that were videotaped and audiotaped. In addition, I audiotaped two African-American students' tutoring practices along with students' and researcher's journals. The findings indicate that African-American teachers during the school years 1942-1954 used families, churches, and communities to secure teaching resources to provide equal education for their African-American students who received limited resources from the board of education. Also indicated was how African-American teachers instilled in their African-American students a level of motivation that remained with some African-American students for their future endeavors. This researcher's beliefs/values similar to those of her segregated teachers emerged from this action research. Researcher's additional beliefs/values arose out of emerging technologies in teaching science. However, I, as the researcher, believe that the origin of my beliefs/values occurred during those segregated, public school experiences at Monitor Schools during the school years 1942-1954.

Caruthers-Jackson, Sarah

111

Coming of Age: African American Male Rites-of-Passage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided of issues confronting the African American male, along with a strategy to nurture a new generation of African American males. Chapters 1 and 2 focus on the social status and new demographics of the African American male and the external threats that are devastating to the African American male and the African American

Hill, Paul, Jr.

112

African American Alumni Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Digital Collections has tackled everything from Golda Meir to historic street maps in its quest to offer a diverse and wonderful view of the city's rich history. This particular collection brings together a clutch of oral histories that celebrate the African American experience at the institution. Visitors can look over a panel discussion with a range of recent alums titled, "African American Alumni and Students: Stories of Education and Success." Moving on, visitors can hear Clayborn Benson talk about his long career as a photojournalist or watch and listen to G. Spencer Coggs, who has been a prominent member of the Democratic Political Party in Wisconsin for many years. This is quite a trove of first-hand memories and a great tribute to the cityâÂÂs oral traditions.

113

African American Vernacular English and Dialect Awareness in English Departments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the importance of teaching about non-standard dialect awareness in English departments, focusing on African American Vernacular English (AAVE). The paper asserts that it is the job of teachers to present students with appropriate knowledge about language and to raise awareness of nonstandard dialects, rather than perpetuate…

Thompson, Riki

114

Learning Styles of African American Children: A Developmental Consideration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored the developmental nature of learning styles among young African American children. Children's help-seeking behaviors were observed, coded, and tallied. Type of help solicitation significantly affected help source. Age and kind of activity did not significantly affect help source. Children approached teachers more than peers for social…

Watkins, Angela Farris

2002-01-01

115

Learning While Black: Creating Educational Excellence for African American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book critiques existing initiatives for improving the education of African American children, maintaining that the current focus of school reform movements (teacher training and testing, child testing, child retention, and one-size-fits-all models of parent involvement) are not very useful. It argues that the model for creating educational…

Hale, Janice E.

116

Adaptive Emotion Regulation among Low-Income African American Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined early childhood predictors of adaptive emotion regulation among economically disadvantaged urban African American children. Vagal tone (VNA), attachment, and regulation capacities were assessed among 69 preschoolers. Two years later, additional indices of child regulation were obtained for 56 of the children. Emotion regulation was assessed through observation, child self-report, parent report, and teacher report. As expected, attachment

Shari L. Kidwell; Douglas Barnett

2007-01-01

117

The Genetic Structure and History of Africans and African Americans  

PubMed Central

Africa is the source of all modern humans, but characterization of genetic variation and of relationships among populations across the continent has been enigmatic. We studied 121 African populations, four African American populations, and 60 non-African populations for patterns of variation at 1327 nuclear microsatellite and insertion/deletion markers. We identified 14 ancestral population clusters in Africa that correlate with self-described ethnicity and shared cultural and/or linguistic properties. We observed high levels of mixed ancestry in most populations, reflecting historical migration events across the continent. Our data also provide evidence for shared ancestry among geographically diverse hunter-gatherer populations (Khoesan speakers and Pygmies). The ancestry of African Americans is predominantly from Niger-Kordofanian (~71%), European (~13%), and other African (~8%) populations, although admixture levels varied considerably among individuals. This study helps tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans, aiding both anthropological and genetic epidemiologic studies. PMID:19407144

Tishkoff, Sarah A.; Reed, Floyd A.; Friedlaender, Françoise R.; Ehret, Christopher; Ranciaro, Alessia; Froment, Alain; Hirbo, Jibril B.; Awomoyi, Agnes A.; Bodo, Jean-Marie; Doumbo, Ogobara; Ibrahim, Muntaser; Juma, Abdalla T.; Kotze, Maritha J.; Lema, Godfrey; Moore, Jason H.; Mortensen, Holly; Nyambo, Thomas B.; Omar, Sabah A.; Powell, Kweli; Pretorius, Gideon S.; Smith, Michael W.; Thera, Mahamadou A.; Wambebe, Charles; Weber, James L.; Williams, Scott M.

2010-01-01

118

The discipline gap and African Americans: defiance or cooperation in the high school classroom.  

PubMed

African Americans are over-represented in school suspensions, yet little is known about the underlying contributing dynamics. Study 1 reviewed a high school's annual discipline data and 442 students referred for defiance. African Americans were over-represented in referrals for defiance and most students received referrals from one or several teachers. This suggests that defiance referrals are specific to the classroom situation. Examining the situational specificity of referrals, Study 2 used repeated measures and multilevel modeling with a sub-sample of 30 African American students. Attendance, grades, and teacher reports showed that students behaved more defiantly and less cooperatively with teachers perceived as having untrustworthy authority. Predictors of African American student trust in teacher authority included teacher caring and high expectations, offering implications for lowering the discipline gap. PMID:19083368

Gregory, Anne; Weinstein, Rhona S

2008-08-01

119

The African-American house as a vehicle of discovery for an African-American architecture  

E-print Network

The purpose of this research is three-fold: (1) This thesis seeks to uncover evidence of a distinctly African-American architectural form. The primary building type observed will be the house, or the housing of African-Americans ...

Clarke, Charles E. (Charles Edward)

1996-01-01

120

Are Teachers' Expectations Different for Racial Minority than for European American Students? A Meta-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four quantitative meta-analyses examined whether teachers' expectations, referrals, positive and neutral speech, and negative speech differed toward ethnic minority students (i.e., African American, Asian American, and Latino/a) as compared with European American students. Teachers were found to hold the highest expectations for Asian American

Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Ruck, Martin D.

2007-01-01

121

Pedagogies of Protest: African American Teachers and the History of the Civil Rights Movement, 1940-1963  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Although the dominant narrative of the civil rights movement marginalizes the role of black educators, revisionist scholars have shown that a significant number of black teachers encouraged student protest and activism. There has, however, been little analysis of the work of black teachers inside segregated schools in the…

Baker, Scott

2011-01-01

122

Bidialectal African American Adolescents' Beliefs about Spoken Language Expectations in English Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the perspectives of bidialectal African American adolescents--adolescents who speak both African American Vernacular English (AAVE) and Standard English--on spoken language expectations in their English classes. Previous research has demonstrated that many teachers hold negative views of AAVE, but existing scholarship has…

Godley, Amanda; Escher, Allison

2012-01-01

123

Examining Instructional Practices, Intellectual Challenge, and Supports for African American Student Writers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The debate surrounding how best to support African American student writers continues today as the gap between achievement scores persists. This qualitative analysis documents the classroom structures and instructional practices of two English Language Arts teachers working in a predominately African American public middle school, whose students…

Alston, Chandra L.

2012-01-01

124

Examining the Overrepresentation of African-American Males in Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review focuses on the overrepresentation of African-American males in special education. The most prevalent factors that contribute to this epidemic are poverty and the perceptions of teachers, their attitudes towards African-American men and the lack of their cultural understandings. Not only does this literature review focus on…

Bush-Daniels, Shallonda

2008-01-01

125

A Critical Hermeneutic Study: Third Grade Elementary African American Students' Views of the Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nature of Science is one of the most fundamental aspects of understanding science. How different cultures, races and ethnicities see and interpret science differently is critical. However, the NOS views specific to African American teachers and learners have gone largely unresearched. The views of a purposeful sample of African American third…

Walls, Leon

2009-01-01

126

American Biology Teacher  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by a group of passionate educators, the American Biology Teacher is a professional journal for K-16 biology teachers. The journal covers a wide range of topics, and is focused on providing biology teaching strategies for both the classroom and the laboratory as well as field activities and reviews of new educational books, online sites, and applications. Visitors to the site can review articles selected by the editors each month at no charge, while the rest of each journal requires a paid membership. All told, there are over fifty free articles here dating back to 2006. Some of the more recent offerings include "Minnows as a Classroom Model for Human Environmental Health" and "A Socratic Method for Surveying Students' Readiness to Study Evolution." Visitors can also use social media options to keep track of new additions or to share articles with others.

127

Suicidal Behaviors in the African American Community  

PubMed Central

This article reviews the risk and protective factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors in the African American community. The authors provide a brief review of the history of suicide research in African American communities and critique some of the paradigms and underlying assumptions that have made it difficult to address the problem of suicidal behaviors in the African American community. The article also summarizes the articles that are presented in this special edition of the Journal of Black Psychology on suicidality in the African American community. PMID:17047727

Crosby, Alex; Molock, Sherry Davis

2006-01-01

128

An African American Resour to the University of Californ  

E-print Network

#12;#12;An African American Resour to the University of Californ Table of Contents Message from . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 African American Community Calendar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 An African American Resource Guide to the University of California, Irvine #12;Welcome! We

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

129

Breaking Outside the Walls: Teachers of Gifted and Talented African American Males in a Texas Urban Middle School  

E-print Network

Education and its associated resources continue to be unequally administered and delivered in the United States. All stakeholders in the education of the nation‘s children—parents, teachers, unions, school administrators, principals, community...

Henderson, Sowanda Nimmer

2013-08-07

130

Are Teachers' Expectations Different for Racial Minority Than for European American Students? A Meta-Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four quantitative meta-analyses examined whether teachers' expectations, referrals, positive and neutral speech, and negative speech differed toward ethnic minority students (i.e., African American, Asian American, and Latino\\/a) as compared with European American students. Teachers were found to hold the highest expectations for Asian American students (d = ?.17). In addition, teachers held more positive expectations for European American students than

Harriet R. Tenenbaum; Martin D. Ruck

2007-01-01

131

Powerful Pedagogies: Evaluating Effective Culturally Relevant English Instruction for High Achieving African American Males in Advanced Placement English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Helping teachers to effectively use culturally relevant instructional practices can help the educational community close the literacy gap for African American males. This study examines effective secondary English teachers and their high achieving African American male students. Using critical race and sociocultural theories as a conceptual…

Johnson, Stanley Louis, Jr.

2011-01-01

132

Building Trust through Culturally Reciprocal Home-School-Community Collaboration from the Perspective of African-American Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings of an instrumental case study that examined the perceptions held by African-American parents on the efficacy of schools in meeting the needs of African-American learners in a North Carolina community. A theme of distrust emerged and evidenced the need for teachers, administrators, and teacher educators to reconsider…

Williams, Ereka R.; Baber, Ceola Ross

2007-01-01

133

Five African American Male Superintendents and Their Leadership in Diverse School Districts in Texas  

E-print Network

and teachers those superintendents serve and supervise which will, by the year 2020, make up 38% racial and ethnic minorities (Volp, 2001). Historical Perspectives on African American Superintendents There has been limited research on the subject...

Smothers, Aneil 1968-

2012-11-29

134

African American Evaluations of Black English and Standard American English  

Microsoft Academic Search

AfricanAmerican undergraduates evaluated two language guises: BlackEnglish and Standard American English. The speaker in these guises described activities in a weekend (informal) and in a business (formal) setting. Based on their scores on the African Self-Consciousness Scale, 55 respondents were categorized as having either a low or high commitment to an African American identity. Results showed that persons without a

Michael J. White; Beverly J. Vandiver; Maria L. Becker; Belinda G. Overstreet; Linda E. Temple; Kelly L. Hagan; Emily P. Mandelbaum

1998-01-01

135

HYPERTENSION TELEMANAGEMENT IN AFRICAN AMERICANS  

PubMed Central

Background We propose evaluation of a multi-component home automated telemanagement (HAT) system providing integrated support to both clinicians and patients in implementing hypertension treatment guidelines. Methods In a randomized clinical study 550 African Americans with hypertension are followed for 18 months. The major components of the intervention and control groups are identical and are based on the current standard of care. For the purpose of this study, we define “standard of care” as the expected evidence-based care provided according to the current hypertension treatment guidelines. While intervention and control groups are similar in terms of their care components, they differ in the mode of care delivery. For the control group the best attempt is made to deliver all components of a guideline-concordant care in a routine clinical environment whereas for the intervention group the routine clinical environment is enhanced with Health Information Technology (IT) that assists clinicians and patients in working together in implementing treatment guidelines. The HAT system guides patients in following their individualized treatment plans and helps care coordination team in monitoring the patient progress. The study design is aimed at addressing the main question of this trial: whether the addition of the IT-enhanced care coordination in the routine primary care setting can improve delivery of evidence-based hypertension care in African Americans. The outcome parameters include quality of life, medical care utilization, treatment compliance, psychosocial variables and improvement in blood pressure control rates. Conclusions The trial will provide insight on the potential impact of IT-enhanced care coordination in African Americans with poorly controlled hypertension. PMID:20031848

Finkelstein, Joseph; Cha, Eunme

2009-01-01

136

African Americans and World War II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the experience of African Americans during World War II on the homefront and in the armed forces. States that African Americans not only fought fascism overseas but also apartheid in the United States, also known as the "Double V." (CMK)

Kersten, Andrew E.

2002-01-01

137

Transcript African Americans and Lung Cancer  

Cancer.gov

Transcript African Americans and Lung Cancer Hello. I’m Dr. Christopher Lathan of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Of all ethnic/racial and gender groups in the United States, African American men are the most likely to develop lung cancer and also to die

138

Improving African American Achievement in Geometry Honors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study evaluated the significance of implementing an enrichment mathematics course during the summer to rising African American ninth graders entitled, "Geometry Honors Preview." In the past, 60 to 70 percent of African American students in this school district had withdrawn from Geometry Honors by the second academic quarter. This study…

Mims, Adrian B.

2010-01-01

139

Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

2009-01-01

140

African Americans and the Industrial Revolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly outlines the ways race and technology shaped: (1) the early enslavement of African Americans; (2) the work of bondsmen and women during the antebellum era; and (3) the increasing urbanization of the African American population during the industrial age. (CMK)

Trotter, Joe William, Jr.

2000-01-01

141

Professor, Communication Studies and African American Studies  

E-print Network

Professor, Communication Studies and African American Studies Director of African American Studies Program Ph.D., Indiana University, 1998 Information Technology Solutions February 16, 2012 6:30pm, Africana Studies, Office of Multicultural Student Affairs, Office of Academic Enhancement, BOND & UBS

Miami, University of

142

Improving Outcomes for Urban African American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores causes for the disproportionate representation of African American students in mild mental retardation and serious emotional disturbances special education categories. Provides recommendations to promote positive academic and social behavior for African American students that may prevent the students' need for specialized education…

Gardner, Ralph, III; Miranda, Antoinette Halsell

2001-01-01

143

"Our Family Business Was Education": Professional Socialization among Intergenerational African-American Teaching Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher socialization is primarily examined as an institutional-based phenomenon, with particular focus on individuals' PK-12 schooling experiences, teacher education programs, or workplace-based socialization. This study situates professional socialization experiences of African-American teachers within teaching families, examining how culturally…

Dingus, Jeannine E.

2008-01-01

144

Grass Roots: African Origins of an American Art  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Organized by the Museum for African Art, New York, and presented online by the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art, Grass Roots is a history of 300 years of African basket making, brought by African people to the American South. The grasses that grow in the marshes along the Atlantic coast in the Southern United States, where African slaves were brought to work on rice plantations, were ideal for making coiled baskets, similar to the ones they'd made in Africa. The plantation system of rice growing required large numbers of several particular shapes of work baskets, including flat trays for winnowing, or removing chaff from the grain, and carrying baskets. The web resource includes an 86-page teachers' guide with activities for students from grades 3 - 12, and additional images of the baskets.

145

African American Oral History Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Telling the story of Louisville's African American community is an ambitious goal and the University of Louisville's Oral History Center has done a fine job with this website. The process began in the 1970s with funding from the Kentucky Oral History Commission, which supported the collection's first batch of interviews. A wide range of people was interviewed for the project, including politicians, doctors, musicians, and educators as well as "regular folks." Currently, there are 27 interviews, and visitors can browse through them to get a sense of the offerings. One particularly fascinating interviewee is Dr. Jesse Bell, a longtime physician in Louisville. The collection will intrigue historians, urbanologists, and others with a passion for the American experience.

2010-01-01

146

HMO employment and African-American physicians.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To assess the level and determinants of African-American physicians' employment in health maintenance organizations (HMOs), particularly early in their careers. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 1991 and 1996 Young Physicians Surveys to assess racial differences in the likelihood of HMO employment (n = 3,705). Using multinomial logistic regression, we evaluated four explanations for an observed relationship between African-American physicians and HMO employment: human capital stratification among organizations, race-based affinity between physicians and patients, financial constraints due to debt burden, and different organizational hiring practices. Using binomial logistic regression, we also evaluated differences in the odds of being turned down for a prior practice position, of subsequently leaving the current practice organization and of later having career doubts. RESULTS: Without any controls, African-American physicians were 4.52 times more likely to practice in HMOs than Caucasian physicians. After controlling for human capital stratification, racial concordance and financial constraints, African-American physicians remained 2.48 times more likely to practice in HMOs than Caucasian physicians. In addition, 19.2% of African-American physicians in HMOs reported being turned down for another job, far more than any other racial/ethnic group in the HMO setting and any racial/ethnic group, including African-American physicians in the non-HMO setting (including all other practice locations). Five years later, those same African-American physicians from HMOs also reported significantly more turnover (7.50 times more likely than non-HMO African-American physicians to leave their current practice) and doubt about their careers (2.17 times more likely than non-HMO African-American physicians to express serious career doubts). CONCLUSIONS: African-American physicians were disproportionately hired into HMO settings, impacting their subsequent careers. PMID:16916130

Briscoe, Forrest; Konrad, Thomas R.

2006-01-01

147

Impegno nero: Italian Intellectuals and the African-American Struggle  

E-print Network

poverty, and violence decried by much African-Americanpoverty in Italy, and that the militant opposition to injustice central to African-AmericanAfrican Americans mirrored those on European minorities during the war, that the miseries of black poverty

Leavitt IV, Charles L.

2013-01-01

148

Help-Seeking Experiences and Attitudes among African American, Asian American, and European American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined African American, Asian American, and European American college students' previous direct and indirect experiences of seeking professional psychological services and related attitudes. Survey data were collected from 254 European American, 182 African American and 82 Asian American college students. Results revealed that fewer…

Masuda, Akihiko; Anderson, Page L.; Twohig, Michael P.; Feinstein, Amanda B.; Chou, Ying-Yi; Wendell, Johanna W.; Stormo, Analia R.

2009-01-01

149

Fatigue Severity among African Americans: Gender and Age Interactions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between fatigue, age, and gender among African Americans, Caucasians, and Latinos. Survey results found significant age and gender interactions among African Americans and Caucasians. African American women and older African American men had the highest fatigue rates. There was no significant difference in levels of…

Song, Sharon; Jason, Leonard A.; Taylor, Renee R.; Torres-Harding, Susan R.; Helgerson, Jena; Witter, Elizabeth

2002-01-01

150

African Americans, U.S. Poverty, and International Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical rates of poverty among African Americans often hide the cultural and historical nature of their intended consequences. Unfavorable outcomes for social change can occur when viewing poverty among African Americans in isolation from their unique historical and cultural experiences and U.S. social, political, and capitalistic influences. While pressures to subordinate African Americans continue, African Americans also exert pressure (e.g.,

Valerie Borum

2007-01-01

151

The African-American History of Martha's Vineyard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on research into African American history and experiences in Martha's Vineyard (Massachusetts). Examines primary sources and oral traditions of African American cultural and social history from 1703 to the present. Discusses African American sailors, race relations, and contributions by African American individuals to the community. (CFR)

Weintraub, Elaine

1993-01-01

152

Hypertensive risk factors in kidney disease in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypertensive risk factors in kidney disease in African Americans. African Americans with hypertension more commonly develop renal insufficiency compared to Caucasians. The African American Study of Kidney Disease (AASK) included a renal biopsy pilot study that demonstrated that the clinical diagnosis of so-called hypertensive nephrosclerosis in these African American patients indeed was accurate. This biopsy study demonstrated extensive global glomerulosclerosis,

Agnes B. Fogo

2003-01-01

153

Recruitment Is Not Enough: Retaining African American Students in Gifted Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In public school systems all around the country, educators--teachers, counselors, and administrators--have made significant progress in identifying and recruiting diverse populations in gifted and enrichment programs. Despite the efforts, too many African American students and other students of color (e.g., Hispanic Americans and Native Americans)…

Moore, James L., III; Ford, Donna Y.; Milner, H. Richard

2005-01-01

154

African American Women's Preparation for Childbirth From the Perspective of African American Health-Care Providers.  

PubMed

Preparation for birthing has focused primarily on Caucasian women. No studies have explored African American women's birth preparation. From the perceptions of 12 African American maternity health-care providers, this study elicited perceptions of the ways in which pregnant African American women prepare for childbirth. Focus group participants answered seven semistructured questions. Four themes emerged: connecting with nurturers, traversing an unresponsive system, the need to be strong, and childbirth classes not a priority. Recommendations for nurses and childbirth educators include: (a) self-awareness of attitudes toward African Americans, (b) empowering of clients for birthing, (c) recognition of the role that pregnant women's mothers play, (d) tailoring of childbirth classes for African American women, and (e) research on how racism influences pregnant African American women's preparation for birthing. PMID:22211059

Abbyad, Christine; Robertson, Trina Reed

2011-01-01

155

Lung Cancer and African Americans: Know the Facts  

MedlinePLUS

... white Americans: for example, from 2003 to 2007, African American men had a 23 percent higher rate of new lung cancer diagnoses than white men. African Americans also have a lower five-year relative survival rate than whites. ...

156

75 FR 6081 - National African American History Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...many hard-working Americans whose legacies are...opportunity for most African Americans, yet substantial obstacles...the vicious cycle of poverty--still pose enormous...past generations of African Americans to rise above the...

2010-02-05

157

Adversarial Diplomacy and African American Politics  

E-print Network

financial and organizational support for the lobby. Thelend their financial support to, the new lobby. Respondingfinancial challenges that faced African Americans in attempting to build support for their lobby,

Williams II, Ronald Cartell

2011-01-01

158

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

MedlinePLUS

... population and only 12 percent of the U.S. population. People experiencing homelessness are at a greater risk of developing a mental illness. • Nearly half of all prisoners in the United States are African American. Prison ...

159

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African Americans Update for RTOG in Tampa Feb 2, 2007 Patrick D. Maguire, MD New Hanover Regional (NHRMC) Update for NHRMC Feb 2, 2007 I. Radiotherapy (RT) Clinical Trials II. Publications III. Partnership & Telesynergy IV. Patient

160

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans  

Cancer.gov

Improving Cancer Outcomes for African-Americans New Hanover Regional Medical Center Coastal Area Health Education Center University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of North Carolina at Wilmington Report given at the Program Steering Committee

161

Cancer and the African American Experience PPT  

Cancer.gov

EPEC-O Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care - Oncology Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans EPEC - Oncology Education in Palliative and End-of-life Care -Oncology : Cultural Considerations When Caring

162

African American Men and Intimate Partner Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on interviews with African American males in violent intimate relationships, this paper focuses on individual causes\\u000a (exposure to violence), cultural causes (constructions of masculinity) and structural causes (unemployment and incarceration)\\u000a of intimate partner violence (IPV) among African American men. IPV is “triggered” by two threats to masculinity, though I\\u000a focus exclusively on the first trigger (breadwinning). The analyses are

Earl Smith

2008-01-01

163

for african and african-american students at arizona state university  

E-print Network

for african and african-american students at arizona state university aresourceguide #12;Welcome and helped to forge the modern American west through significant efforts like those of the Buffalo Soldiers, organizations and businesses that support our local African and African-American communities. We look forward

164

African-American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network, Number 19  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Issue 19 (Early Winter 1997) of the African - American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network has been posted by the publisher, New South Associates. Contents include a case study on Slavery and Consumerism, notices of current excavations and research, Internet resources, book reviews and notes, and professional news and announcements.

1997-01-01

165

Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2009-01-01

166

Code-Switching Pedagogies and African American Student Voices: Acceptance and Resistance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines a Detroit suburb experiencing an unexpected influx of working class African American students. Dilemmas engendered a cultural mismatch between teachers and students. In a controversial climate where students cross the boundary line in search for educational parity, this study examines a seventh-grade English teacher who enacts…

Hill, K. Dara

2009-01-01

167

Deconstructing Black History Month: Three African American Boys' Exploration of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every February, schools celebrate Black History Month and teachers teach the grand narrative of famous African Americans such as Martin Luther King, Jr. While the stories communicate bravery, they are also about racism and violence. Here, through narrative inquiry, a teacher deconstructs Black History Month, inviting student responses to stories…

Landa, Melissa Hare

2012-01-01

168

Dreamseekers. Creative Approaches to the African American Heritage. Dimensions of Drama Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book shows how children and teachers from diverse backgrounds can become, through powerful imaginings, informed participants in the fight for social justice. It addresses significant African American themes, introducing models of excellence in multicultural teaching and presenting creative teachers at work in authentic classrooms. The dramas…

Manley, Anita, Ed.; O'Neill, Cecily, Ed.

169

The Influence of Cultural and Racial Identification on the Psychosocial Adjustment of Inner-City African American Children in School  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship and combined influence of racial identity and Africentric values on African American children's psychosocial adjustment. Participants were 104 (53 males, 51 females) African American fourth-grade students attending an inner-city public school in a northeastern city. Child and teacher ratings were used to assess the relationship between racial identity, Africentric values,

Duane E. Thomas; Tiffany G. Townsend; Faye Z. Belgrave

2003-01-01

170

African American Students in Urban Schools: Critical Issues and Solutions for Achievement. Educational Psychology: Critical Pedagogical Perspectives. Volume 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"African American Students in Urban Schools" offers readers a critical yet comprehensive examination of the issues affecting African American students' outcomes in urban school systems and beyond. Across disciplines including teacher education, school counseling, school psychology, gifted education, career and technical education, higher…

Moore, James L., III, Ed.; Lewis, Chance W., Ed.

2012-01-01

171

Kidney disease in African Americans: genetic considerations.  

PubMed Central

African Americans shoulder a disproportionately high burden of kidney disease when compared with white Americans. While environmental factors such as poverty and poor health habits, and the high prevalence of risk factors such as obesity, contribute to the high rate of kidney disease in this population, genetic factors may also contribute. Studies of polymorphisms in genes encoding the proteins of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system have identified alleles that are associated with kidney disease or changes in renal function in some populations. A higher prevalence of such alleles in African Americans may contribute to the increased prevalence of kidney disease. Diabetes mellitus and hypertension, the main causes of end-stage renal disease in the United States, are more prevalent in African Americans. However, no direct links between diabetic or hypertensive kidney disease and any genetic polymorphisms seen in African Americans have been identified. Further research is thus required to elucidate the genetic components that contribute to the high prevalence of kidney disease in African Americans. PMID:12152908

Price, Deborah A.; Crook, Errol D.

2002-01-01

172

Gateway to African-American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This gateway created by the State Department's International Information Programs features well-annotated links to Internet sites devoted to African-American literature and historical studies or involved with African-American issues. The site links to bibliographies, archival and research sites, presidential speeches, and full-text versions of government reports and articles on such topics as The Amistad Revolt, the Civil Rights Movement, and President Clinton's National Conversation on Race. A link is also provided to The Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History whose theme for this millennial Black History Month is "Heritage and Horizons: The African-American Legacy and the Challenges of the 21st Century."

173

Cues used for distinguishing African American and European American voices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Past studies have shown that listeners can distinguish most African American and European American voices, but how they do so is poorly understood. Three experiments were designed to investigate this problem. Recordings of African American and European American college students performing various reading tasks were used as the basis for stimuli in all three. In the first experiment, stimuli were subjected to monotonization, lowpass filtering at 660 Hz, and no modification. In the second, stimuli featuring certain ethnically diagnostic vowels and control stimuli were subjected to monotonization, conversion of vowels to schwa, or no modification. In the third, stimuli featuring diagnostic vowels and control stimuli were modified so that the intonation of paired African American and European American speakers was swapped. In all three experiments, African American and European American listeners in North Carolina and European American listeners in West Virginia identified the ethnicity of the speaker of each stimulus. Vowel quality emerged as the most consistent cue for identifications. However, listeners accessed other cues differently for male and female speakers. Breathiness was correlated with identifications of male speakers but not of female speakers. F0-related factors proved more important for female speakers than for male speakers. [Work supported by NSF.

Thomas, Erik R.; Lass, Norman J.

2005-04-01

174

Education no longer deferred: the possibilities of educating urban african american males in a single gender school.  

E-print Network

teacher interviews, and reviewed student academic and behavioral records. This exploratory analysis consisted of two separate; but interrelated, qualitative studies relevant to educating urban African American males. The first inquiry featured a case study...

James, Marlon C.

2009-05-15

175

Addressing the lack of Baseball Consumption amongst African Americans  

E-print Network

representation, and African American players in pop-culture. The current study examined African American attitudes towards baseball consumption by investigating the role of perceived fit and its association with the theory of reasoned action. The study...

Brown, Brandon Leigh

2013-08-06

176

78 FR 34241 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Proclamation 8992--African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 Presidential...8992 of May 31, 2013 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 By the President...lasting freedom. Through every generation, music has reflected and renewed our...

2013-06-06

177

Postmodern Perspective on the Economics of African American Fatherhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economics of African American fatherhood have not been effectively conveyed to social work practitioners. The prevailing\\u000a assumption of African American fathers by practitioners is that they are absent or dysfunctional. Despite the existence of\\u000a successful African American fathers, bias in the literature and practice reinforce deficit models as African American. To\\u000a eliminate bias, social scientists and human service practitioners

Ronald E. Hall; Jonathan N. Livingston; Valerie V. Henderson; Glenn O. Fisher; Rebekah Hines

2007-01-01

178

American Association of Physics Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) was created in 1930, and their primary vision is "to be the leader in physics education." Over the years, they have expanded their vision and they remain interested in improving the pedagogical skills and physics knowledge of teachers at all levels and increasing the diversity and numbers of physics teachers and students. The homepage offers opportunities for interested parties to connect with the AAPT via various social media networks and a list of thematic sections, including "Teaching", "Students", and "Careers". Some of the materials on the site are only available to AAPT members, but the "Resources" area has many publicly available materials. The materials here include reviews of high school physics texts, video guides, and articles like "Preparing High School Physics Teachers". Additionally, the site also includes links to AAPT partner websites and email discussion lists.

179

"Verbal Ping Pong" as Culturally Congruent Communication: Maximizing African American Students' Access and Engagement as Socially Just Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American youth have been disciplined and dismissed from classrooms for engaging in culturally-based communication practices that teachers misinterpret and perceive as disruptive. Teachers have significant power in how they communicate with their students. White teachers should be especially aware of this power because misunderstandings…

Carpenter Ford, Amy

2013-01-01

180

Conducting Children's Health Insurance Outreach in African American Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, 19.7 percent of African American children were uninsured. Since a majority of African American children live in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line, they are eligible for free or low-cost insurance coverage. This report presents strategies for facilitating the recruitment and enrollment of African American

Patterson, Jacqueline

181

Perceptions of Domestic Violence: A Dialogue with African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although empirical research has accumulated over the past 20 years regarding African Americans and domestic violence, many questions remain about African American perceptions of domestic violence. This article explores African American women's perceptions about domestic violence through three focus groups held at a New York social services agency.…

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B.

2004-01-01

182

African American Males in Counseling: Who's Pulling the Trigger Now?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American males face numerous challenges to their physical and psychological well-being. This project is a survey of the literature and trends relative to African American males from 1987 to the present. In reviewing the fifteen years since Parham and McDavis published their now famous article on African American men as an endangered…

Bethea-Whitfield, Patricia

183

African American Single Mothers Raising Sons: Implications for Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being raised by a single mother is one factor that has been suggested as contributing to the plight of African American males. Yet few studies have focused specifically on African American single mothers' experiences with raising sons. This qualitative study explored the following questions: (1) What are the experiences of African American single…

Gantt, Ann L.; Greif, Geoffrey L.

2009-01-01

184

Parent Support and African American Adolescents' Career Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that African American adolescents are not being prepared to enter the workforce at the same rates as adolescents from other ethnic groups. While educational and career options were unavailable to African Americans in previous eras, today educational and career opportunities abound, yet many young African Americans are not in a…

Alliman-Brissett, Annette E.; Turner, Sherri L.; Skovholt, Thomas M.

2004-01-01

185

Cultural Alignment African American Male Youths and Violent Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four theories-racial inferiority, culture of poverty, racial discrimination, and political economy-are usually advanced to explain violence among African Americans. These theories, however, fail to underscore the deleterious influence that cultural oppression and cultural alienation have on African Americans generally and African American male youths specifically. To examine the role both cultural oppression and cultural alienation play in the lives of

Jerome H. Schiele

1998-01-01

186

Exposure of African-American Youth to Alcohol Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Despite occasional media and community spotlights on the marketing of alcohol products in the African-American community, there has been no systematic review of the…

2003

187

Oral Cancer in African Americans: Addressing Health Disparities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To explore factors underlying African Americans' perceptions of oral cancer and the oral cancer exam. Study findings were used to guide development of oral cancer messages designed to increase oral cancer exams among African Americans. Methods: Focus groups were conducted to understand African Americans' attitudes and expectations…

Dodd, Virginia J.; Watson, Jennifer M.; Choi, Youjin; Tomar, Scott L.; Logan, Henrietta L.

2008-01-01

188

African American Acculturation and Black Racial Identity: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between acculturation and racial identity among African Americans. One hundred eighty-seven African American students completed the Black Racial Identity Attitude Scale and the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS). Acculturation was associated with three of the five AAAS subscales: Dissonance, Immersion, and…

Pope-Davis, Donald B.; Liu, William M.; Ledesma-Jones, Shannon; Nevitt, Jonathan

2000-01-01

189

BLACK MASCULINITY AND BASKETBALL AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDIES 398DT  

Microsoft Academic Search

and by appointment Because over 80% of NBA basketball players are African American and the style of play that emerged from African-American communities dominates the professional game, basketball is culturally marked as black. Larry Bird, a three-time NBA MVP, and the best non-African American player of the last thirty years maintained that basketball is \\

Damion Thomas

190

Empowerment Groups for Urban African American Girls: A Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the author wanted to read Bemak, Chung, and Siroskey-Sabdo's article in an objective sense, her response to their article is most likely influenced by her own experiences as an African American female and mother of an African American daughter. To her, the paramount issue facing African American females is the double and sometimes triple…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl C.

2005-01-01

191

Exploring Teachers' Reading Competences: A South African Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the reading competence of teachers who are enrolled in a distance education programme in a South African university. Many South African teachers upgrade their teaching diplomas by enrolling for a part-time, distance degree at a university. However, many are not prepared for academic study and its focus…

Bertram, Carol

2006-01-01

192

African American Studies & Research Center's 28th Symposium on African American  

E-print Network

of Octavia Butler's Parable of the Sower Dr. Rone Shavers, College of Saint Rose #12;"Celebrating Our Past in African American images in post World War II popular culture. Jolivette Anderson-Douoning is a native

Ginzel, Matthew

193

African American Women Counselors, Wellness, and Spirituality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given their tremendous professional responsibilities, professional counselors face daunting challenges to remaining healthy and avoiding role stress and overload. This article explores the intersection of race, gender, wellness, and spirituality in the self-care of African American women counselors. The authors give particular attention to…

Knowles, Debora; Bryant, Rhonda M.

2011-01-01

194

African Americans' Perspectives on Racial Solidarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the fundamental formulations that shape perspectives on racial solidarity among one group of African Americans. The perspectives gained in this study aid in understanding the existence, origin, and views toward the concept. In-depth, qualitative interviews were conducted with individuals from two generational cohorts: ages 18 to 30 (post-Civil Rights era) and ages 50 and older (Civil Rights

Paula Thompson Ross

2007-01-01

195

Depressive Symptoms in African-American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms in an African American female college student sample (n=78) using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI2) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). MMPI-2 was a more conservative scale than BDI in identifying depressive symptom levels. Discusses stress inoculation methods to assist…

Reed, Michael K.; And Others

1996-01-01

196

Profiling the African American Student Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The African American Student Network (AFAM) originated at a large Predominantly White Institution (PWI) in the Midwest. Including a sample of 163 network participants, the current paper profiles the academic performance of students in the network over its first 4 years. Findings indicate that although participants were similar to the average…

Grier-Reed, Tabitha; Ehlert, John; Dade, Shari

2011-01-01

197

Celebrating African-American Librarians and Librarianship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Celebrates the achievements of African-American librarians and their contributions to librarianship. Identifies and reviews records of scholarship that can serve as starting points for students and scholars. Chronicles achievements of numerous individuals and provides additional resources for further investigation. Suggests areas of further…

Dawson, Alma

2000-01-01

198

African American College Students' Motivation in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Possible motivational factors related to the choice of college major and educational values were studied for 60 African American students. An interview guide was developed with open-ended questions designed to generate narrative about students' thoughts and perceptions of education. Students were asked why they chose their majors, what education…

Hwang, Young Suk; Echols, Celina; Wood, Ralph; Vrongistinos, Konstantinos

199

African American's Perceptions of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes and beliefs about utilization of mental health services of 201 African Americans, 18 years and older, are explored. One hundred and thirty-four females and 66 males participated in mixed sex focus groups conducted in an urban, Midwestern city. Discussion probes addressed participant perceptions of psychotherapists and psychotherapy,…

Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders; Akbar, Maysa D.; Bazile, Anita

200

The Persistence of African American College Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the family dynamics of persistent African American college men. These students were typical Black males, not those pre-categorized as high-achieving or unprepared for college. The stories of participants revealed their strength, ambition, and intentions to successfully gain a baccalaureate degree. In general Black males are…

Beale, Tyson J.

2010-01-01

201

African American Biographies: A Collection Development Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the lack of African American biographies for elementary school libraries and reports the results of a study that surveyed publishers from the Children's Book Council. Examines book reviews, discusses the number of sports figures included, and considers problems with a lack of appropriate materials to support the curriculum. (LRW)

Woody, Donna

2000-01-01

202

Paranoid Ideation among Elderly African American Persons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross sectional study involving 998 independently living elderly African Americans used the Brief Symptom Inventory to measure paranoid ideation and 14 independent variables including demographic characteristics, cognitive deficit, and depression. Paranoid ideation was found in 10% of the sample. Regression analysis revealed 6 of 14 independent…

Bazargan, Mohsen; Bazargan, Shahrzad; King, Lewis

2001-01-01

203

Promotive Parenting Practices among African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine communication/reasoning, behavioral control, and trust as predictors of resourcefulness among African American children during middle childhood (6-12 years of age). Mothers who practice promotive socialization strategies are more likely to rear children who are socially competent and well adjusted. Multiple…

Williams-Wheeler, Meeshay

2011-01-01

204

African American Female Superintendents: Resilient School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six African American female superintendents who had served as superintendents in at least 2 school districts were interviewed to understand ways in which they responded to barriers and adversity in their roles, with a particular emphasis on issues related to sexism and racism. Study participants shared that they work to engage the community and…

Johnson, Bernadeia H.

2012-01-01

205

Elder Maltreatment Among Rural African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elder maltreatment, an unfortunate manifestation of the graying of our nation's population, has been well documented during the last decade; but, a clear definition or understanding of the phenomenon has not been forthcoming. This lack of clarity is particularly evident among older African-Americans and especially among this minority group in rural communities. This paper describes an exploratory study of 10

Linner Ward Griffin

1994-01-01

206

Recruitment Is Not Enough: Retaining African American Students in Gifted Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In public school systems all around the country, educators—teachers, counselors, and administrators—have made significant progress in identifying and recruiting diverse populations in gifted and enrichment programs. Despite the efforts, too many African American students and other students of color (e.g., Hispanic Americans and Native Americans) are not faring well in gifted education. The social and cultural obstacles (e.g., racial and

James L. Moore; Donna Y. Ford; H. Richard Milner

2005-01-01

207

Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection examine relationships between the Korean American and African American communities in Los Angeles, Chicago, and New York. The contrast between the economic power and lack of political power of Korean Americans and the political power and lack of economic power of African Americans is traced. Essays 2-5 cover Los…

Kim, Kwang Chung, Ed.

208

AAS African American Studies College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

AAS African American Studies College of Arts and Sciences KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 AAS 200 INTRODUCTION TO AFRICAN and richness of African-American experience across geographic boundaries. AAS 235 INEQUALITIES IN SOCIETY. (3

MacAdam, Keith

209

African American Evaluations of Black English and Standard American English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the perceptions of 55 African American undergraduates about Black English. Students identified as not having a committed Black identity evaluated Black English as lower in status than those students with a committed Black identity. Black English was not perceived as reflecting higher social solidarity. (SLD)

White, Michael J.; Vandiver, Beverly J.; Becker, Maria L.; Overstreet, Belinda G.; Temple, Linda E.; Hagan, Kelly L.; Mandelbaum, Emily P.

1998-01-01

210

African American Sheet Music, 1820-1920  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, sheet music was produced in enormous quantities in the United States. To historians and other interested parties, much of this material serves as a way to look at social and cultural mores of the times. This digital collection from Brown University takes a look at the sheet music that reflected attitudes towards African-Americans. Containing several hundred pieces of sheet music, this collection includes songs from the period of antebellum blackface and the abolitionist period. The wide range of material offered here also allows visitors the ability to trace the evolution of certain archetypes in African-American culture, including the appearances of Uncle Tom and Jim Crow. Also included here are a number of insightful essays, such as "Minstrelsy and the Construction of Race in America".

211

Postpartum depression among African-American women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the nature of postpartum depression (PPD) among African-American women. Twelve women, who had experienced PPD within the last three years, were interviewed for approximately one hour at two intervals. Nudist-4 software and the constant comparative method were used to analyze the data. Five themes "Stressing Out," "Feeling Down," "Losing It," "Seeking Help," and "Feeling Better" represented aspects of PPD as experienced by the participants. The last theme, "Dealing with It," represented the cultural ways in which African-American mothers managed their depression. These included Keeping the Faith, Trying to Be a Strong Black Woman, Living with Myths, and Keeping Secrets. Suggestions for future directions in nursing research are included. PMID:12623687

Amankwaa, Linda Clark

2003-01-01

212

Ladies Are Seen, Not Heard: Language Socialization in a Southern, African American Cosmetology School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined classroom discourse at a southern cosmetology school, noting African American students' language socialization. Highlighted freshmen's and seniors' engagement with formal/textbook scripts about proper communication, analyzing how teachers and students made sense of official metacommunicative scripts about proper salon communication.…

Jacobs-Huey, Lanita

2003-01-01

213

Talking Drums: Reading and Writing with African American Stories, Spirituals, and Multimedia Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through stories, spirituals, and recommended resource books, Finnen exposes students to the rich history and heritage of Africa and African Americans. Each chapter provides the teacher or librarian with beautifully told folktales that provide the basis for further exploration of the chapter's focus. This rich resource is ideal for language arts…

Finnen, Wanda

2004-01-01

214

African Americans Who Made a Difference. 15 Plays for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These easy-to-read classroom plays are about 15 African American men and women in a variety of vocations. The plays are designed to enhance the curriculum and to make social studies come alive for the student as they bolster language-arts teaching. Each play includes a Teacher's Guide that contains some quotes from the featured person and a brief…

1996

215

Conclusions: The Future of Family Involvement in Schools in African-American Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article talks about the future of family involvement in schools in African-American communities. The future of family involvement in the schools rests with today's teachers and parents who will take what they learned from the past, establish the philosophical foundations to guide their interactions, incorporate child and family theory and…

Juhasz, Anne

2004-01-01

216

Improving the Spelling Ability among Speakers of African American English through Explicit Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this eight week study was to provide explicit instruction to improve spelling to 124 sixth grade students who are speakers of African American English (AAE). Two classroom teachers taught 14 different language arts class sections. The research design was a pretest/posttest/posttest design using wait-list-control. The treatment group…

Pittman, Ramona T.; Joshi, R. Malatesha; Carreker, Suzanne

2014-01-01

217

Student-Generated Solutions To Enhance the Academic Success of African American Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated African American elementary and high school students' perceptions of academic problems and solutions to these problems. Found that students considered the following factors beneficial: academic preparation and active class participation; positive peer influences; self- management techniques; and teachers' encouragement. (JPB)

Tucker, Carolyn M.; Herman, Keith C.; Pedersen, Tyler; Vogel, David; Reinke, Wendy M.

2000-01-01

218

The plight of the African American student: a result of a changing school environment.  

PubMed

Educational problems of African American students are examined in the context of why young, successful early elementary school students are suddenly struggling in the late elementary and middle school years. Educators need to explore the educational environment, teacher attitudes and expectations, student empowerment, and the appropriateness of the curriculum. PMID:12413104

Smith, Sabra R

2002-01-01

219

National Insight: A Look at Synnoetics in One African American Female's Journey to the Principalship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the principle of synnoetics as defined by Dr. William A. Kritsonis in the "Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning" as it chronicles the teaching career of Rhodena Townsell. Rhodena, an African American female, began her teaching career as an uncertified special education teacher in a small East Texas town. Rhodena…

Townsell, Rhodena; Kritsonis, William Allan

2006-01-01

220

Charting the Ancestry of African Americans  

PubMed Central

The Atlantic slave trade promoted by West European empires (15th–19th centuries) forcibly moved at least 11 million people from Africa, including about one-third from west-central Africa, to European and American destinations. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome has retained an imprint of this process, but previous analyses lacked west-central African data. Here, we make use of an African database of 4,860 mtDNAs, which include 948 mtDNA sequences from west-central Africa and a further 154 from the southwest, and compare these for the first time with a publicly available database of 1,148 African Americans from the United States that contains 1,053 mtDNAs of sub-Saharan ancestry. We show that >55% of the U.S. lineages have a West African ancestry, with <41% coming from west-central or southwestern Africa. These results are remarkably similar to the most up-to-date analyses of the historical record. PMID:16175514

Salas, Antonio; Carracedo, Ángel; Richards, Martin; Macaulay, Vincent

2005-01-01

221

77 FR 33595 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8832 of June 1, 2012 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012 By the President...long-cherished piece of American culture, music offers a vibrant soundtrack to the story...tradition, and during African-American Music Appreciation Month, we pay special...

2012-06-07

222

Phonological Awareness Skills in Young African American English Speakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine African American children's performance on a phonological awareness task that included items reflecting differences between African American English (AAE) and mainstream American English. The relationship between spoken production of AAE forms and performance on phonological awareness, vocabulary, and…

Mitri, Souraya Mansour; Terry, Nicole Patton

2014-01-01

223

African American Women in Iowa Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fruitful collaboration between the Iowa Women's Archive and the African American Historical Museum and Cultural Center of Iowa has produced this enlightening website containing over 200 items including links to "scrapbooks," "photographs," "pamphlets" "oral histories" and "newsletters." The "Recent Additions" area allows visitors to click on any of the thumbnails in the line up of items shown, to see the image enlarged. By simply double clicking on the thumbnail, users can also access bibliographic data about the item.

224

Cancer and the African American Experience PDF  

Cancer.gov

African Americans bear an unequal burden of cancer. This is caused by a complex interplay of socio-economic, cultural, environmental, and biologic factors; the result is the persistence of inequalities in cancer care outcomes. These disparities encompass the entire spectrum of care, from screening and prevention activities, through diagnosis and treatment, to palliative and end of life care. Clinicians should be aware that concepts of race and ethnicity are social and political constructs, without a direct relationship to biology and genetics.

225

Gambling Habits Among Aged African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a cross-sectional study we investigated the correlates of gambling habits among a sample of 80 independently living African-American elderly persons. The participants were selected from two Senior Citizen Centers that provide inexpensive or free pleasure trips from Los Angeles, California to gambling sites in Nevada. The data for this study were collected through face-to-face interviews conducted by three trained

Mohsen Bazargan; Shahrzad H. Bazargan; Mahfuja Akanda

2001-01-01

226

KSC kicks off African-American History Month  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Michelle Amos, mistress of ceremonies for the kick-off of African-American History Month, works with the audience to assist them in the pronunciation of a few token words in native Swahili. The theme for this year's observation is 'Heritage and Horizons: The African-American Legacy and the Challenges of the 21st Century.' February is designated each year as a time to celebrate the achievements and contributions of African Americans to Kennedy Space Center, NASA and the nation.

2000-01-01

227

The African American Acculturation Scale: Development, Reliability, and Validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development, reliability, and validity of the African American Acculturation Scale. This 74-item scale has good construct and concurrent validity. The eight subscales, assessing eight dimensions of African American culture, have high internal consistency reliability, and the scale as a whole has high split-half reliability. African Americans'scores on the scale were unrelated to social class, gender, and

Hope Landrine; Elizabeth A. Klonoff

1994-01-01

228

Exploring School Engagement of Middle-Class African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the scarcity of knowledge about middle-class African American adoles- cents, the present study explored psychological and parental factors in relation to ac- ademic performance. The participants were 336 middle-class African American stu- dents and their biological mothers. The findings suggest that for African American middle-class adolescents, educational expectations and school engagement have the strongest relation to academic performance.

Selcuk R. Sirin; Lauren Rogers-Sirin

2004-01-01

229

Anxiety disorders in African-American and white children  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are little available data on African-American children with anxiety disorders. Treatment-seeking African-American (n=30) and white children (n=139), with a current DSM-III-R anxiety disorder, were compared on sociodemographic background variables, clinical characteristics, and lifetime rates of specific DSM-III-R anxiety disorders. Overall, results suggested that the anxiety-disordered African-American and white children who sought treatment from an outpatient mental health facility were

Cynthia G. Last; Sean Perrin

1993-01-01

230

African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a

Co-Founder Loretta J. Ross

1992-01-01

231

African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected History  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a

Loretta J. Ross

1992-01-01

232

Selection Process for Third and Fourth Grade African American Gifted and Talented: A Case Study in One Urban School District  

E-print Network

and talented programs. Public educational policy should strive to increase the proportion of African American teachers. This could be achieved by modifying standardized tests used for teacher certification, which iv researchers have... ............................................................................ 77 Methodology ............................................................................... 77 IV RESULTS ........................................................................................ 80 Description of Participants...

Brazile, Ruth Delories

2011-10-21

233

"Niggaz Dyin' Don't Make No News": Exploring the Intellectual Work of an African American Urban Adolescent Boy in an After-School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, and from the standpoint of an African American woman teacher/researcher, the author explores what happened when one African American adolescent boy known inside of school as a "severely disengaged" student cultivated literacy practices and events of his own volition in an after-school program. The author asks, how does race and…

Staples, Jeanine M.

2012-01-01

234

Critical social theory and the domination of African American Women.  

PubMed

This historical reconstruction of the experiences of African American women in America from slavery to the present exposes the prevailing and enduring system of White male domination. From White men having control of their reproductive choices, to conspiracy to withhold the right to vote, African American women were victims of both sexism and racism. Later, as a result of the myth conceived by White sociologists of the super African American woman, further divisiveness became apparent in the African American home. As African American women took advantage of educational opportunities only to find that there was a dearth of similarly educated African American males to marry, increasing numbers of African American men were reported as parties to violent acts, drugs or illness. All of these variables are conjectured as impacting on the African American woman's experience. Lastly, data were presented depicting the increasing trend of African American women marrying White men, and the emergence of a more diverse workforce. It was concluded that economics serve as a catalyst for this change in human relations. PMID:8718416

Davis, S P

1995-01-01

235

African American Legislators' Perceptions of Firearm Violence Prevention Legislation.  

PubMed

Firearm mortality is the leading cause of death for young African American males, however, few studies have focused on racial/ethnic minority populations and firearm violence. The National Black Caucus of State Legislators advocates for legislation that promotes the health of African Americans. Thus, the purpose of this study was to collect baseline data on African American legislators' perceptions regarding firearm violence in the African American community. A cross-sectional study of African American legislators (n = 612) was conducted to investigate the research questions. Of the 612 questionnaires mailed, 12 were not deliverable, and 170 were returned (28 %). Utilizing a three wave mailing process, African American legislators were invited to participate in the study. The majority (88 %) of respondents perceived firearm violence to be very serious among African Americans. Few (10 %) legislators perceived that addressing legislative issues would be an effective strategy in reducing firearm violence among African Americans. The majority (72 %) of legislators perceived the most effective strategy to reducing firearm violence in the African American community should focus on addressing societal issues (e.g. crime and poverty). After adjusting for the number of perceived barriers, the number of perceived benefits was a significant predictor of legislators' perceived effectiveness of firearm violence prevention legislation for 8 of the 24 potential firearm violence prevention legislative bills. PMID:25301589

Payton, Erica; Thompson, Amy; Price, James H; Sheu, Jiunn-Jye; Dake, Joseph A

2014-10-10

236

Strengthening the voice of African American parents : a study of the College Bound San Diego program  

E-print Network

of African-American families living in poverty. Urbansince poverty is more prevalent among African American andAfrican American and Hispanic populations” (Hertert & Teague, 2003). In an impassioned essay on poverty, (

Collins, John Peter

2008-01-01

237

Middle Class and Middle School: Does Opportunity Knock for African American Students?  

E-print Network

internal defects that impeded learning; 2) African American parent and student participants had deficit beliefs about other African Americans and used defensive othering as a coping strategy; and 3) African American students and parents perceived...

Mooney, Patricia 1960-

2012-12-10

238

3 CFR 8776 - Proclamation 8776 of January 31, 2012. National African American History Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...January 31, 2012. National African American History Month, 2012 8776 Proclamation 8776...Proc. 8776 National African American History Month, 2012By the President of the United...better. During National African American History Month, we celebrate the rich...

2013-01-01

239

Academic attainment and the high school science experiences among high-achieving African American males  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines the educational experiences of high achieving African American males. More specifically, it analyzes the influences on their successful navigation through high school science. Through a series of interviews, observations, questionnaires, science portfolios, and review of existing data the researcher attempted to obtain a deeper understanding of high achieving African American males and their limitations to academic attainment and high school science experiences. The investigation is limited to ten high achieving African American male science students at Woodcrest High School. Woodcrest is situated at the cross section of a suburban and rural community located in the southeastern section of the United States. Although this investigation involves African American males, all of whom are successful in school, its findings should not be generalized to this nor any other group of students. The research question that guided this study is: What are the limitations to academic attainment and the high school science experiences of high achieving African American males? The student participants expose how suspension and expulsion, special education placement, academic tracking, science instruction, and teacher expectation influence academic achievement. The role parents play, student self-concept, peer relationships, and student learning styles are also analyzed. The anthology of data rendered three overarching themes: (1) unequal access to education, (2) maintenance of unfair educational structures, and (3) authentic characterizations of African American males. Often the policies and practices set in place by school officials aid in creating hurdles to academic achievement. These policies and practices are often formed without meaningful consideration of the unintended consequences that may affect different student populations, particularly the most vulnerable. The findings from this study expose that high achieving African American males face major obstacles and limitations to achievement. Student study participants believe African American male students are targeted for suspension more often because of their gender and race, parents of high achieving African American males show some uncertainty about the school's ability to treat their sons in a fair and equitable manner, and teachers see indifference and the lack of science skills as the root cause of the diminished presence of African American male participation in higher level science classes.

Trice, Rodney Nathaniel

240

Frequent Buyer Club Participation Patterns for African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on (a) racial prejudice, (b) lack of steppingstone jobs, (c) welfare programs, (d) low education levels, and (e) inferior trade skills, some feel America's leading minority groups will never become full-fledged, mainstream retail participants. This study, however, found that Asian and Hispanic immigrants assimilate as they move from cities. On the contrary, post-civil rights movement African Americans and Native

A. Bruce Clark

2003-01-01

241

77 FR 5375 - National African American History Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Nation--often in the face of both racial and gender discrimination. As courageous visionaries who led the fight to end slavery and tenacious activists who fought to expand basic civil rights to all Americans, African American women have long...

2012-02-03

242

Racial Narratives, Group Identity, and African-American Political Behavior  

E-print Network

My dissertation seeks to advance the racial politics and political behavior literatures in American politics by focusing on the role of "racial narratives" in explaining historical changes in African-American political ...

Delehanty, William

2010-05-13

243

76 FR 6519 - National African American History Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...slowed the onward march of history and expansion of the American dream, African Americans braved bigotry and violence to organize schools, churches, and neighborhood organizations. Bolstered by strong values of faith and community, black...

2011-02-04

244

American RadioWorks: Testing Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the national documentary unit of American Public Media, American Radio Works' riveting hour-long documentaries are broadcast on public radio stations throughout the United States, and across the Internet. Listeners who miss their broadcast on local stations can go to the American Radio Works website to listen to their new and archived documentaries. The documentary "Testing Teachers", which is about quality testing public school teachers, is one that sparks much debate among teachers, students, parents, the public, and policy makers. Five questions are asked in the documentary including: "What is Good Teaching?"; "Are Test Scores the Right Measuring Stick for Teachers?"; and "Do Poor Kids need Different Kinds of Teachers?". Visitors are also given the opportunity to write about their best teachers, as well as read responses to that same query from public radio listeners in the Minnesota and Wisconsin area, where the documentary was produced and first broadcast.

245

Differences in pelvic floor area between African American and European American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study tests the null hypothesis that the size of the pelvic opening spanned by the pelvic floor is the same in African American and European American women. Study Design: Forty African American female pelvises were age matched with 40 European American female pelvises from the Hamann-Todd collection at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. The distances between the

R. V. Baragi; J. O. L. DeLancey; R. Caspari; D. H. Howard; J. A. Ashton-Miller

2002-01-01

246

Alcohol-Related Consequences in African American and European American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 50% of college students report a heavy drinking episode in the past 2 weeks. This pattern of heavy episodic drinking places them at risk for experiencing alcohol-related problems. In addition, important ethnic differences exist between European American and African American college students in terms of drinking. European American college students report consuming more alcohol than African American college students,

Jessica R. Skidmore; James G. Murphy; Matthew Martens; Ashley A. Dennhardt

2012-01-01

247

Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms Among African American Men  

PubMed Central

Purpose This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18–34), middle (35–54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results Discrimination was significantly related to depressive symptoms for men ages 35 to 54 and mastery was found to be protective against depressive symptoms for all men. Compared to African American men in the young and late adult groups, discrimination remained a statistically significant predictor of depressive symptoms for men in the middle group once mastery was included. Implications Findings demonstrate the distinct differences in the influence of discrimination on depressive symptoms among adult African American males and the need for future research that explores the correlates of mental health across age groups. Implications for social work research and practice with African American men are discussed. PMID:24436576

Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

2013-01-01

248

The Inventory of Teacher-Student Relationships: Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity among African American Youth in Low-Income Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Inventory of Teacher-Student Relationships (IT-SR), a measure that was developed by adapting the widely used Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachments (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987) for use in the context of teacher-student relationships. The instrument was field tested…

Murray, Christopher; Zvoch, Keith

2011-01-01

249

School Climate and Teacher Beliefs in a School Effectively Serving Poor South Carolina (USA) African-American Students: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the roles of school climate, teacher expectations, and instructional practices in one elementary school in South Carolina (USA) that produced effective achievement outcomes with poor and minority students. Survey data, teacher interviews, and classroom videotaping was used to identify school characteristics and instructional…

Brown, Kimberly E.; Medway, Frederic J.

2007-01-01

250

Building on Strengths: Intergenerational Practice with African American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intergenerational kinship and multigenerational families (three or more generations) have been a source of strength for African Americans. This article presents a culturally responsive intergenerational practice model for working with African American families that draws on this legacy. The model looks at intergenerational kinship and…

Waites, Cheryl

2009-01-01

251

Serving African American Children: Child Welfare Perspectives Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection brings together articles by African American authors who are committed to research, policies, and programs affecting African American children and families. The articles are grouped into sections on policy, research, and practice issues; clinical techniques and treatment models; and new perspectives in child welfare. The following…

Jackson, Sondra, Ed.; Brissett-Chapman, Sheryl, Ed.

252

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial…

Combs, Dennis R.; Penn, David L.; Cassisi, Jeffrey; Michael, Chris; Wood, Terry; Wanner, Jill; Adams, Scott

2006-01-01

253

African American English: An Interview with Marcyliena Morgan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses an interview in which Marcyliena Morgan elaborates on the necessity to analyze both microlinguistic issues of grammar and phonology as well as larger issues of discourse pragmatics and language ideology. The interview touches on African American poetry, the convergence of African American and standard English, and oases and indirectness.…

Rymes, Betsy

1995-01-01

254

African-American College Students' Perceptions Of Sexual Coercion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the phenomenon of sexual coercion has been studied extensively, little is known about African-American college students' perceptions about verbal sexual coercion. Using a phenomenological approach, the researchers conducted five focus group interviews with 39 African-American students (20 females, 19 males) at a large Midwestern university…

Mouzon, LaTonya D.; Battle, Alicia; Clark, Kevin P.; Coleman, Stephanie; Ogletree, Roberta J.

2005-01-01

255

"Teaching while Black": Narratives of African American Student Affairs Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American faculty have historically been underrepresented within predominantly white institutions (PWIs) and deal with academic isolation, marginalization of their scholarship, and racial hostility. Little is known about the experiences of African American faculty who teach in student affairs graduate programs. The purpose of this study was…

Patton, Lori D.; Catching, Christopher

2009-01-01

256

African American Communities: Implications for Culturally Relevant Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We suggest that there is a powerful and affirming socialization taking place in African American communities that could be instructive to schools. This article illustrates how educators can build on the strengths found in the black community to effectively teach African American students. Relating the ethos of the barbershop to tenets of…

Boutte, Gloria Swindler; Hill, Edward L.

2006-01-01

257

Schooling and Delinquency among White and African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent delinquency may be a likely consequence of negative school experi - ences, including poor academic performance, low class attendance, and dropping out. Given disparate experiences that African American and White students often encounter in school, this investigation examined the link between delinquency and school behaviors separately for White and African American males at risk for delinquency. In addition, it

KRISTIN E. VOELKL; JOHN W. WELTE; WILLIAM F. WIECZOREK

1999-01-01

258

African Americans and Recovery from Severe Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This hermeneutic phenomenological study examined the lived experience of African-American persons recovering from serious and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Semi-structured interviews were conducted at three time points (6, 12, and 18 months) with nine African Americans with SPMI. A culturally sensitive perspective informed the data analysis. Interviews were transcribed, read, and coded to cluster thematic aspects in each case and

Marilyn Peterson Armour; William Bradshaw; David Roseborough

2009-01-01

259

Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.

260

Clustering of Risk Behaviours among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Individuals may engage in more than one risk behaviour at any given time. The extent to which risk behaviours cluster among African American adults has been largely unexplored. This study examined the prevalence and clustering of three risk behaviours among African American church members: smoking; low moderate-to-vigorous intensity…

Baruth, M.; Addy, C. L.; Wilcox, S.; Dowda, M.

2012-01-01

261

African Americans Who Teach German Language and Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large number of black scholars have pursued advanced degrees in the German language, history, and culture. Describes the history of African American interest in the German language and culture, highlighting various black scholars who have studied German over the years. Presents data on African Americans in German graduate programs and examines…

Fikes, Robert Jr.

2001-01-01

262

The Struggle of African American Students in the Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The long road of slavery from generation to generation has left a legacy in the mind of African American students that has impacted their achievements in schools. In this project, the struggle of African American students in the public school education will be analyzed from the historical standpoint of view and its impact on their achievements.…

Mubenga, Pascal

2006-01-01

263

Higher Education and the Early Education of African American Ministers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The education of African American ministers in the United States has been little researched. Numerous books address the profession of ministry and the education of Blacks in general, but most do not specifically address issues pertaining to the professional education of Black ministers. The majority of the hurdles African Americans faced were…

Cooks, Michael

2010-01-01

264

Poverty, safety net programs, and African Americans' mental health.  

PubMed

African Americans' poverty and deep-poverty rates are higher than those of Whites, and African Americans' poverty spells last longer. Furthermore, nonpoor African Americans are especially likely to slip into poverty, and over the course of a lifetime, very many African Americans will experience poverty. Accordingly, African Americans are disproportionately likely to be assisted by safety net programs providing income support and health and social assistance. When mental health-related outcomes are assessed, U.S.-focused and international studies of safety net programs sometimes find that adults and children show a decline in symptoms of mental illness after participating. All things being equal, these improvements can disproportionately benefit African Americans' mental health. Safety net programs' mental health-related impact should be routinely assessed when evaluating the programs' economic and social outcomes and the impact they have on African Americans' mental health. Policy research of this kind can help us to understand whether these very large interventions show society-wide mental health-related improvement in the disproportionately large number of African Americans who participate in them. PMID:25486153

Snowden, Lonnie R

2014-11-01

265

African American males’ attitudes toward marriage: An exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last twenty-five years, marriage rates among African American males have declined dramatically (Statistical Abstract of the United States 1995, 1995). In 1970, less than 25 percent of all African American men had never married (Statis- tical Abstract of the United States, 1995). By 1994, the percent- age of never married men had increased to 42.4 percent, and only

1999-01-01

266

Indigenous Systems within the African-American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the African-American family, life ain't been no crystal stair. The African-American family has trotted for over 400 years through a wilderness of racism, poverty, discrimination of all kinds, crossing seas of monsters and forests of demons. Yet, despite the numerous obstacles and attacks that society has mounted against it since slavery, the…

Marbley, Aretha Faye; Rouson, Leon

2011-01-01

267

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history…

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

268

20 African-Americans Your Students Should Meet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is more to Black History Month than honoring Martin Luther King Jr. Black History Month is a time to honor the significant contributions of African-Americans throughout history. This article presents 20 super-achievers new generation of African-Americans heroes students should meet: (1) Kimberly Oliver; (2) John Lewis; (3) Rita Dove; (4)…

Bardeen, Tara

2008-01-01

269

Womanism: a methodologic framework for African American women.  

PubMed

Although nurse scholars have become increasingly engaged in feminist research and theory development, only a few have included important feminist thoughts expressed by African American womanist theorists. This article presents an abbreviated review and synthesis of Afrocentric ways of knowing, which includes Black feminist, womanist, and Afrocentric perspectives. A developing methodology for use with African American women is also described. PMID:9730407

Taylor, J Y

1998-09-01

270

African-American Grandmothers as Health Educators in the Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 18,000 adolescents die each year in the United States from bicycle, motorcycle, car, and truck accidents. This study sought to understand the role of African-American grandmothers as prevention-oriented health educators in the family. Full Model Fitted Regression Analyses were conducted on a sample of African-American grandmothers (N =…

Watson, Jeffrey A.; Randolph, Suzanne M.; Lyons, James L.

2005-01-01

271

SPIRITUALITY OF AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN: CORRELATIONS TO HEALTH PROMOTING BEHAVIORS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Public health data show that African-Americans have not adopted health-promoting behaviors of diet and exercise. In an effort to find other motivating or moderating variables, this study was designed to determine how spirituality relates to health promoting behaviors in African-American women. Bur...

272

Patterns of Violent Behavior and Victimization among African American Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews types of reported problems among African American youth exposed to violence and victimization. A substantial number of African American youth reported being exposed to direct victimization while in transit to and from school. Discusses the impact of violence on mental health status, in that subjects exposed to violence exhibited…

McGee, Zina T.

1999-01-01

273

Plenary-AA : Cancer and the African American Experience  

Cancer.gov

The first plenary of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study: Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans explores the many factors that lead to inequalities in cancer care outcomes for African Americans.

274

Resiliency Instructional Tactics: African American Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools and classrooms, if well conceived, can serve as protective environments for the positive development of African American students with learning disabilities (LD) (Keogh & Weisner, 1993). Many African American students who lack resiliency often struggle with life's challenges and may be predisposed to negative outcomes in life, so the focus…

Jones, Vita L.

2011-01-01

275

Dimensions of Academic Contingencies among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from existing literature, the authors conceptualized a two-dimensional framework of African American students' academic contingencies of self-worth. The results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses with a sample of African American college freshmen (N = 330) supported this prediction. Self-Worth Dependent academic…

Griffin, Tiffany Monique; Chavous, Tabbye; Cogburn, Courtney; Branch, LaToya; Sellers, Robert

2012-01-01

276

Race Consciousness. African-American Studies for the New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays represents new scholarship in African American studies, drawing lessons from the past and providing insights into current intellectual trends. Topics such as the culture of America as a culture of race, legacies of slavery and colonialism, crime and welfare politics, and African American cultural studies are addressed.…

Fossett, Judith Jackson, Ed.; Tucker, Jeffrey A., Ed.

277

75 FR 32075 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8527 of May 28, 2010 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2010 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation Music can tell a story, assuage our sorrows...including the African- American community, music unites individuals through a shared...

2010-06-07

278

76 FR 32851 - African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...8684 of May 31, 2011 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2011 By the President...United States of America A Proclamation The music of our Nation has always spoken to the...shared values. During African-American Music Appreciation Month, we honor the...

2011-06-07

279

"To Protect and Serve": African American Female Literacies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seeks to add to the understanding of literacy as it relates to African Americans, with a focus on African American female literacies. Argues that mother tongue literacy is central to literacy education. Suggests that black female language practices, knowledges, and understanding can be and have been used advantageously to help black females in…

Richardson, Elaine

2002-01-01

280

Having our Say: African American Women, Diversity, and Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the voices of seven African American female counselor educators. The authors, having formally and informally collaborated in multiple settings over the past few years, decided to illuminate the challenges and successes of African American female counselor educators to add another dimension to our profession's discussion on…

Bryant, Rhonda M.; Coker, Angela D.; Durodoye, Beth A.; McCollum, Vivian J.; Pack-Brown, Sherlon P.; Constantine, Madonna G.; O'Bryant, Beverly J.

2005-01-01

281

Lessons Learned: Research within an Urban, African American District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning-making, and self-definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race…

Scott, Kimberly Ann

2012-01-01

282

African Americans Respond Poorly to Hepatitis C Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans have a significantly lower response rate to treatment for chronic hepatitis C than non-Hispanic Whites, according to a new study led by Duke University Medical Center researchers. Some African Americans--19 percent--did respond to the drug combination of peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin. But in non-Hispanic Whites with the…

Black Issues in Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

283

Board Books Featuring African Americans: Vanishing but Not Entirely Gone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of infant and toddler board books (books printed on heavy cardboard and laminated for durability) featuring African Americans and published from 1990 to 2002. Provides a brief overview of the development of board books in general, and suggests criteria for evaluating board books that feature African Americans in…

Mongo, Jonella A.

2002-01-01

284

AFRICAN-AMERICAN ENTREPRENEURIAL VENUES AND SOCIAL CAPITAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores African-American (AA) entrepreneurship through the lens of social capital. Using a foundation of social capital theory, this study attempts to validate the hypothesis that social capital is a determinant of whether AA entrepreneurs choose to function in the formal or informal economies. One hundred and sixteen African American entrepreneurs participated in the study, which utilized respondent driven

PHILLIP COCHRANE

2010-01-01

285

Personal Characteristics and Professional Acts of Teaching of Six Effective Mathematics Teachers of African American Students in Urban Middle School Classrooms  

E-print Network

under Relevant Teacher Practices were: Keeping Students on Task, Hands-on Mathematics, and Relevant Mathematics. The sub-themes that emerged under Support3 were: Administrative Support, Collegial Support, and Parental Support. Finally, Relationships...

Skinner, Dametra Nicolette

2013-11-27

286

The paradox of atrial fibrillation in African Americans.  

PubMed

The reported lower prevalence and incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) despite the higher prevalence of AF risk factors in African Americans compared to Caucasian whites has been referred to as the paradox of AF in African Americans. In this report we highlight this paradox and address potential explanations using data from several US populations studies. These possible explanations include limited methodology to detect AF patterns that are harder to detect (e.g. paroxysmal/intermittent AF or atrial flutter) coupled with the possibility of African Americans having more of these patterns, differential access to health care with African Americans having less access and subsequently less detected AF, survival bias with Caucasian whites living longer and subsequently having more AF, and finally differential impact of AF risk factors with Caucasian whites being more affected or African Americans less affected by AF risk factors whether this is genetically determined or via other unknown predispositions. PMID:25112176

Soliman, Elsayed Z; Prineas, Ronald J

2014-01-01

287

African Americans, hypertension and the renin angiotensin system  

PubMed Central

African Americans have exceptionally high rates of hypertension and hypertension related complications. It is commonly reported that the blood pressure lowering efficacy of renin angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors is attenuated in African Americans due to a greater likelihood of having a low renin profile. Therefore these agents are often not recommended as initial therapy in African Americans with hypertension. However, the high prevalence of comorbid conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease makes treatment with RAS inhibitors more compelling. Despite lower circulating renin levels and a less significant fall in blood pressure in response to RAS inhibitors in African Americans, numerous clinical trials support the efficacy of RAS inhibitors to improve clinical outcomes in this population, especially in those with hypertension and risk factors for cardiovascular and related diseases. Here, we discuss the rationale of RAS blockade as part of a comprehensive approach to attenuate the high rates of premature morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension among African Americans. PMID:25276290

Williams, Sandra F; Nicholas, Susanne B; Vaziri, Nosratola D; Norris, Keith C

2014-01-01

288

Correlates of African American Men's Sexual Schemas  

PubMed Central

Sexual schemas are cognitive representations of oneself as a sexual being and aid in the processing of sexually relevant information. We examined the relationship between sociosexuality (attitudes about casual sex), masculine ideology (attitudes toward traditional men and male roles), and cultural centrality (strength of identity with racial group) as significant psychosocial and sociocultural predictors in shaping young, heterosexual African American men's sexual schemas. A community sample (n=133) of men in a southeastern city of the United States completed quantitative self-report measures examining their attitudes and behavior related to casual sex, beliefs about masculinity, racial and cultural identity, and self-views of various sexual aspects of themselves. Results indicated that masculine ideology and cultural centrality were both positively related to men's sexual schemas. Cultural centrality explained 12 % of the variance in level of sexual schema, and had the strongest correlation of the predictor variables with sexual schema (r=.36). The need for more attention to the bidirectional relationships between masculinity, racial/cultural identity, and sexual schemas in prevention, intervention, and public health efforts for African American men is discussed. PMID:24031118

Morales, Dawn A.; Coyne-Beasley, Tamera; St. Lawrence, Janet

2013-01-01

289

Marriage Among African Americans: What Does the Research Reveal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reveals that African Americans are the least likely to marry, when they marry, they do so later and spend less\\u000a time married than White Americans, and they are the least likely to stay married. Factors contributing to the marriage status\\u000a of African Americans include structural, cultural, individual and interactive factors. Structural factors include the disparity\\u000a in sex ratios

Patricia Dixon

2009-01-01

290

Food Stamp Program Participation Among Impoverished African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identifies the characteristics of eligible African Americans who are not receiving food stamps. Secondary analysis\\u000a of the American Community Survey focused on 14,443 African American citizens aged 18 and over who were living below the poverty\\u000a line. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were used to compare the 6,558 recipients of food stamps with the 7,885 non-recipients.\\u000a Less than

Melissa Redmond; Esme Fuller-Thomson

2009-01-01

291

Exploring Risk in Early Adolescent African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies were conducted to explore the degree to which single- and multiple-risk profiles were evident in samples of African American early adolescents in low-income inner-city, rural, and suburban schools. Study 1 examined early adolescent risk status (i.e., single, multiple) in relation to later adjustment in a representative sample (70% European American, 30% African American). Youth who experienced a single

Thomas W. Farmer; LeShawndra N. Price; Keri K. O'Neal; Man-Chi Leung; Jennifer B. Goforth; Beverley D. Cairns; Le'Roy E. Reese

2004-01-01

292

Exploring the Link between Self-Construal and Distress among African American and Asian American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated ethnicity, self-construal, and distress among African American and Asian American college students. African American students expressed more salient independent self-construals, whereas Asian American students expressed more salient interdependent self-construals. As hypothesized, among African American participants,…

Christopher, Michael S.; Skillman, Gemma D.

2009-01-01

293

African American Culture and Heritage in Higher Education Research and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen papers examine the cultural context and history of African Americans in higher education research and practice. Papers are grouped in three parts: African American culture in higher education research; African American higher education research issues and paradigms; and African American culture and higher education policy and practice.…

Freeman, Kassie, Ed.

294

African American Enrollment in Independent Schools, 1988-89. Research Notes on Education. No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the enrollment of African-American students in independent neighborhood schools across the country. Students in these schools constitute the second largest group of African-Americans outside the nation's public school systems. Over 52,000 African-American students are enrolled in independent schools. Data for African-American

Institute for Independent Education, Inc., Washington, DC.

295

Examining the Complexities of Suicidal Behavior in the African American Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Once considered a “White thing,” suicide is now the third leading cause of death for African Americans, behind only homicide and unintentional injury. Although the rates of suicide for African American women remain low and relatively unchanged, the rates for African American men have increased dramatically during the past 20 years. The changes in the suicide rates for African American

Felicia Griffin-Fennell; Michelle Williams

2006-01-01

296

Communication Development and Disorders in African American Children: Research, Assessment, and Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The collection of papers on language development and African-American children includes: "The Challenges of Conducting Language Research with African American Children" (Holly K. Craig); "Issues in Recruiting African American Participants for Research" (Joyce L. Harris); "Issues in Assessing the Language Abilities of African American Children"…

Kamhi, Alan G., Ed.; And Others

297

Effectiveness of Diabetes Prevention Program translations among African Americans.  

PubMed

The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) demonstrated risk reduction for incident diabetes through weight loss among all participants, including African Americans. Several DPP translations have been conducted in less controlled settings, including primary care practices and communities; however, there is no detailed compilation of how effective these translations have been for African Americans. This systematic literature review evaluated DPP translations from 2003 to 2012. Eligible records were retrieved using a search strategy of relevant databases and gray literature. Retrieved records (n=1,272) were screened using a priori criteria, which resulted in 21 full-text studies for review. Seventeen studies were included in the full-text qualitative synthesis. Seven studies had 100% African American samples and 10 studies had mixed samples with African American subgroups. African American participants' average weight loss was roughly half of that achieved in the DPP intervention. However, with few higher-quality studies, small sample sizes and differences in intervention designs and implementation, comparisons across interventions were difficult. The suboptimal effectiveness of DPP translations among African American adults, particularly women, signals the need for enhancements to existing evidence-based interventions and more high-quality research that includes other at-risk African American subgroups such as men and younger adults of lower socioeconomic status. PMID:25196409

Samuel-Hodge, C D; Johnson, C M; Braxton, D F; Lackey, M

2014-10-01

298

Stroke Risk Factor Profiles in African American Women  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose If sex differences in stroke risk factor profiles exist among African Americans in the United States, prevention strategies will need to reflect those differences. African Americans and women have been underrepresented in stroke prevention studies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether medical and lifestyle factors differ among women and men who have enrolled in the African-American Antiplatelet Stroke Prevention Study (AAASPS). Methods We performed a planned exploratory analysis of differences in baseline characteristics and risk factors between women and men enrolled in AAASPS, a double-blind, randomized, multicenter, controlled trial. Frequencies of vascular risk factors and related conditions, medical therapies, stroke subtypes, and vascular territories were compared between women and men by 1-way ANOVA and Fisher’s exact test where appropriate. Results A total of 1087 African American patients (574 women, 513 men) enrolled between December 1995 and June 1999. Women had higher rates of hypertension, diabetes, family history of stroke, and no reported leisure exercise. Men had higher rates of smoking and heavy alcohol use. Few differences were noted in proportions of stroke subtype or proportions receiving preventive therapy. Conclusions AAASPS represents the largest enrollment of African American women in a recurrent stroke prevention study. Our data suggest that African American women in a clinical trial differ from men in the frequency of key vascular risk factors. Although limited, these data provide an important first characterization of sex differences in African Americans with stroke. PMID:11935036

Worrall, Bradford B.; Johnston, Karen C.; Kongable, Gail; Hung, Elena; Richardson, DeJuran; Gorelick, Philip B.

2008-01-01

299

Differences in Acute Response to Alcohol between African Americans and European Americans  

PubMed Central

Background Response to alcohol is a widely studied risk factor and potential endophenotype for alcohol use disorders. Research on African American response to alcohol has been limited despite large differences in alcohol use between African Americans and European Americans. Extending our previous work on the African American portion of this sample, the current study examined differences in acute subjective response to alcohol between African Americans and European Americans. Additionally, we tested if the association between response to alcohol and past month drinking behavior and alcohol-related problems differed across race. Methods One hundred and seventy eight participants (mean age = 21.87, SD = 1.23; 57% African American) who were moderate to heavy social drinkers completed an alcohol administration study in a laboratory setting, receiving a moderate dose of alcohol (0.72g/kg alcohol for males, 0.65g/kg for females). Acute alcohol response was measured at 8 time points (i.e., baseline, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, and 150 minutes). Results Latent growth curve models showed that African Americans experienced sharper increases in stimulation on the ascending limb compared to European Americans. African American women experienced sharper increases in sedation on the ascending limb compared to European American women. Change in sedation on the ascending limb was associated with past month drinking behavior. Stimulation on the ascending limb was related to alcohol-problems for African Americans but not European Americans. Conclusions We found differences in response to alcohol across racial groups: African Americans showed a stronger response to alcohol. Future studies are needed to incorporate response to alcohol into a larger model of African American alcohol use. PMID:23398190

Pedersen, Sarah L.; McCarthy, Denis M.

2013-01-01

300

Oxford African American Studies Center: Focus on Women and Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Oxford African American Studies Center has created this website to house its comprehensive collection of scholarship documenting the many and varied experiences that make up African and African American history and culture. Along with over 10,000 articles, 2,500 images, and 200 maps, the site features an excellent "Focus On" series each month, in which the editors compile various short articles, picture essays, and links on a designated topic. The Focus on Women and Literature is particularly noteworthy. Here, visitors can explore the life and works of influential women in American literature, from Phillis Wheatley to Toni Morrison. The site can be easily navigated by subject or by specific biography, with suggestions for related sources and content provided in each section. Additionally, curious visitors will find links to all of the previously featured subjects within the series, ranging from African Americans in Science and Technology to Black Homesteading in the American Western Frontier.

301

African and Arab American Achievement Motivation: Effects of Minority Membership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The association between ethnic group identification, attributional style, and the use of self-protective attributions with respect to self-esteem, academic achievement and motivation among ethnically diverse adolescents was examined. Participants in the study included 422 African American, 90 Arab American, and 194 European American high school…

Kovach, Bernadette S.; Hillman, Stephen B.

302

Under the shadow of Tuskegee: African Americans and health care.  

PubMed Central

The Tuskegee Syphilis Study continues to cast its long shadow on the contemporary relationship between African Americans and the biomedical community. Numerous reports have argued that the Tuskegee Syphilis Study is the most important reason why many African Americans distrust the institutions of medicine and public health. Such an interpretation neglects a critical historical point: the mistrust predated public revelations about the Tuskegee study. This paper places the syphilis study within a broader historical and social context to demonstrate that several factors have influenced--and continue to influence--African American's attitudes toward the biomedical community. PMID:9366634

Gamble, V N

1997-01-01

303

Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Profiled here are African American men and women who have contributed to the advancement of science and engineering. The accomplishments of the past and present can serve as pathfinders to present and future engineers and scientists. African American chemists, biologists, inventors, engineers, and mathematicians have contributed in both large and small ways that can be overlooked when chronicling the history of science. By describing the scientific history of selected African American men and women we can see how the efforts of individuals have advanced human understanding in the world around us.

Mitchell C Brown (University of California- Irvine)

1995-01-01

304

African-American Women: Online Archival Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University has a wealth of digitized materials related to African American women. This particular collection brings together three noteworthy collections: Elizabeth Johnson Harris: Life Story; Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson: Slave Letters; and Vilet Lester Letter. This last item is particularly noteworthy as it is a very rare item indeed: a letter written by a female slave. The Elizabeth Johnson Harris: A Life Story area brings together the full text of her memories, along with several poems and vignettes published in various newspapers in her lifetime. She was born in 1867 to parents who had been slaves, and the memoir includes information about her own childhood and the importance of religion and education in her life. Finally, the last section brings together letters written by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson to their mistresses and other slave family members in Abingdon, Virginia.

2011-11-11

305

Risk and protective factors for recent alcohol use among African-American youth.  

PubMed

A total of 7488 7th-12th grade African-American students completed a survey assessing factors associated with recent alcohol use. Results indicated that 13.6% used alcohol in the past month. A series of odds ratios revealed that making good grades, participating in school activities, attending church, and having parents/teachers talk about the dangers of alcohol and set/enforce rules regarding alcohol were associated with decreased recent use. Participating in risky behaviors such as getting into trouble, skipping school, and having friends who use alcohol and other drugs was directly related to recent use. Prevention specialists should encourage parents/teachers to engage youth in family, school, and community activities to deter alcohol use. Results may assist youth health professionals in developing prevention programs aimed at African-American youth. PMID:21381466

Vidourek, Rebecca A; King, Keith A

2010-01-01

306

Engaging Depressed African American Adolescents in Treatment: Lessons From The AAKOMA PROJECT  

PubMed Central

The authors describe and illustrate means of engaging depressed African American adolescents in treatment. Twenty-eight youth participated in focus groups or individual interviews. Using grounded theory and transcript based analysis, they derived 5 themes describing African American adolescents’ experience of depression and suggested mechanisms for improving African American youth treatment engagement. Practitioners can educate African American youth about depression as a medical disorder, build trust, and apply innovative approaches to recognizing differential manifestations of depression in African American youth. PMID:20564682

Breland-Noble, Alfiee M.; Burriss, Antoinette; Poole, H. Kathy

2013-01-01

307

African-American college student attitudes toward physics and their effect on achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting the attitudes that African-American college students have towards introductory college physics. The population targeted for this study consisted of African-American males and females enrolled in introductory college physics classes at an urban public historical black college or university (HBCU) located in the southeastern United States. Nine of the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitude Scales, modified for physics, were used to analyze the attitudes of the 135 participants enrolled in an introductory college physics class. The nine scales used to measure the students' attitudes were Attitude Toward Success in Physics Scale (AS), The Physics as a Male Domain Scale (MD), The Mother Scale (M), The Father Scale (F), The Teacher Scale (T), The Confidence in Learning Physics Scale (C), The Physics Anxiety Scale (A), The Effectance Motivation Scale in Physics (E), and The Physics Usefulness Scale (U). Hypothesis I states that there is a significant difference in the domain scores of African-American college students in the Fennema-Sherman Math Attitudes Scales adapted for physics. It was found using a repeated measures ANOVA that there was a significant difference between the attitudes of African-Americans on the nine attitude scales of the Fennema-Sherman Math Attitude Scales, F(8,992) = 43.09, p < .001. Hypothesis II states that there is a statistically significant difference in domain scores between African-American males and African-American females in the Fennema-Sherman Attitude Scales. It was found using a MANOVA that there was not a significant difference between the domain scores of African-American males and African-American females, F(8, 116) = .38, p > .05. Hypothesis III states that there is a statistically significant relationship between attitude towards physics and achievement for African-American students. The students with good attitudes toward physics would have a higher level of achievement. The multiple linear regression analysis revealed that there was a significant relationship between a good attitude toward physics and achievement in the class. The result of the analysis implied that 18.9% of the grade could be explained by the domain scales.

Drake, Carl Timothy

308

Can "Any" Teacher Teach Sexuality and HIV/AIDS? Perspectives of South African Life Orientation Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we explore the perceived desirable characteristics of South African Life Orientation teachers for teaching sexuality and HIV/AIDS. We also investigate the extent to which these characteristics can be understood as parts of a role script for teaching HIV/AIDS and sexuality. Data were collected from teachers who taught Grade Eight and…

Helleve, Arnfinn; Flisher, Alan J.; Onya, Hans; Mukoma, Wanjiru; Klepp, Knut-Inge

2011-01-01

309

Correlates of Adherence to a Physical Activity Program in Young African-American Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The goal was to identify correlates of adherence to a structured physical activity (PA) program.Research Methods and Procedures: Subjects were 136 8- to 12-year-old African-American girls. Potential correlates at baseline were: 1) fitness index (FI: % body fat from DXA and cardiovascular fitness from treadmill test), and 2) self-esteem, anxiety, attitude to school and teachers, relationship with parents, and

Christian R. Lemmon; David A. Ludwig; Cheryl A. Howe; Ayanay Ferguson-Smith; Paule Barbeau

2007-01-01

310

Changing psychiatric perception of African-Americans with affective disorders.  

PubMed

This article explored the origins and implications of the underdiagnosis of affective disorders in African-Americans. MEDLINE and old collections were searched using relevant key words. Reference lists from the articles that were gathered from this procedure were reviewed. The historical record indicated that the psychiatric perception of African-Americans with affective disorders changed significantly during the last 200 years. In the antebellum period, the mental disorders of slaves mostly went unnoticed. By the early 20th century, African-Americans were reported to have high rates of manic-depressive disorder compared with whites. By the mid-century, rates of manic-depressive disorder in African-Americans plummeted, whereas depression remained virtually nonexistent. In recent decades, diagnosed depression and bipolar disorder, whether in clinical or research settings, were inexplicably low in African-Americans compared with whites. Given these findings, American psychiatry needs to appraise the deep-seated effects of historical stereotypes on the diagnosis and treatment of African-Americans. PMID:23197118

Jarvis, G Eric

2012-12-01

311

3 CFR 8476 - Proclamation 8476 of February 1, 2010. National African American History Month, 2010  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...many hard-working Americans whose legacies are...opportunity for most African Americans, yet substantial obstacles...the vicious cycle of poverty—still pose enormous...past generations of African Americans to rise above...

2011-01-01

312

3 CFR 8627 - Proclamation 8627 of February 1, 2011. National African American History Month, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...historic recession has devastated many American families, and particularly African Americans, we must continue to create jobs...pathways for families to climb out of poverty. During National African American History Month, we recognize...

2012-01-01

313

3 CFR 8832 - Proclamation 8832 of June 1, 2012. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...8832 of June 1, 2012. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012 8832 Proclamation...2012 Proc. 8832 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2012By the President...long-cherished piece of American culture, music offers a vibrant soundtrack to...

2013-01-01

314

Adolescent Alcohol Use in Context: The Role of Parents and Peers Among African American and European American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American youth are less likely to use alcohol than their European American counterparts; however, the greater consequences of use for African American youth highlight the need for greater research attention to this group. Two social contexts that have been linked with adolescent alcohol use are parents and peers, yet these studies have rarely included African American youth or failed

Deborah J. Jones; Andrea M. Hussong; Jennifer Manning; Emma Sterrett

2008-01-01

315

African American Women's Breastfeeding Experiences: Cultural, Personal, and Political Voices.  

PubMed

The low rate of breastfeeding among African American women in the United States is a poorly understood, persistent disparity. Our purpose in this study was to gain an understanding of how African American women experience breastfeeding in the context of their day-to-day lives. The Sequential-Consensual Qualitative Design (SCQD), a 3-stage qualitative methodology aimed at exploring the cultural, personal, and political context of phenomena, was used to explore the experiences of African American women who felt successful with breastfeeding. An integration of qualitative content analysis and Black feminist theory was used to analyze the data. Themes that emerged from Stage-2 data analysis included self-determination, spirituality and breastfeeding, and empowerment. In Stage 3 of the study, participant recommendations regarding breastfeeding promotion and support initiatives for African American breastfeeding were categorized into three themes, including engaging spheres of influence, sparking breastfeeding activism, and addressing images of the sexual breast vs. the nurturing breast. PMID:25288408

Spencer, Becky; Wambach, Karen; Domain, Elaine Williams

2014-10-01

316

The Career Experiences of African American Female Engineers  

E-print Network

Women of color, specifically African American women, within science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) are significantly underrepresented in workplace organizations. However, the majority of the research addressing STEM issues is centered...

Rice, Delores Nichelle

2012-10-19

317

Executive Summary of the African-American Initiative  

PubMed Central

The roundtable discussion, “Managing Cardiovascular Disease in African Americans: Emerging Strategies for Optimizing Care,” was convened to review the evidence that supports best practices for the management of cardiovascular disease and its complications in African Americans. Treatment guidelines are reviewed, as is the clinical evidence supporting the use of diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and beta-blockers. The ultimate goals of this work are to improve the understanding of the links among hypertension, diabetes, the metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease, all of which disproportionately affect African Americans, and to increase physician awareness of the unique impact of these conditions in the often underserved African-American population. PMID:17435635

Yancy, Clyde W.

2007-01-01

318

Preparing African American Counselor Education Students for the Professorate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to highlight the underrepresentation of African American faculty in CACREP-Accredited counseling programs and to discuss ways of creating and sustaining a pipeline of potential counselor educators for the academy. (Contains 1 table.)

Johnson, Phillip D.; Bradley, Carla R.; Knight, Donald E.; Bradshaw, Elizabeth S.

2007-01-01

319

African Americans and Pancreatic Cancer: Things to Know  

MedlinePLUS

AFRICAN AMERICANS AND PANCREATIC CANCER: THINGS TO KNOW By the National Cancer Institute BETHESDA, MD ? When NFL Hall of Famer Gene Upshaw died of pancreatic cancer in 2008, it was the first time that ...

320

The School Counselor's Role in Addressing the Advanced Placement Equity and Excellence Gap for African-American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the collaboration among a school counselor, a school counselor intern, an Advanced Placement Psychology teacher, and a counselor educator to improve African-American access to Advanced Placement (AP) coursework and increase success on the AP Psychology national examination. The team initiated a process that recruited African

Davis, Pamela; Davis, Michael P.; Mobley, Jerry A.

2014-01-01

321

African American Women and Eating Disturbances: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from 18 studies were reviewed to investigate the relationship between ethnicity and eating disturbances, focusing on the relationship between African American and white women. Although white women had more risk of eating disturbances, the effect size was small. White women had slightly more risk for all eating disturbances combined. African

O'Neill, Shannon K.

2003-01-01

322

Title I: African-American Studies Program. Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a student workbook in African American studies used in the Detroit, Michigan public schools in 1978-79. The workbook contains student exercises in African history, culture, geography, languages, architecture, folktales, food, and artifacts. The continent of Africa is covered in units on Egypt, North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, and…

Wilson, Linda

323

African Americans’ views on research and the Tuskegee Syphilis study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participation of African Americans in clinical and public health research is essential. However, for a multitude of reasons, participation is low in many research studies. This article reviews the literature that substantiates barriers to participation and the legacy of past abuses of human subjects through research. The article then reports the results of seven focus groups with 60 African

Vicki S. Freimuth; Sandra Crouse Quinn; Stephen B. Thomas; Galen Cole; Eric Zook; Ted Duncan

2001-01-01

324

Lactose Intolerance in Pregnant African-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To state the prevalence and effects of lactose intolerance in pregnant African-American womenObjective: To determine the prevalence of lactose intolerance in pregnant African-American women, any change in tolerance that may occur and reported symptoms after consuming 240 ml of 1% milk.Design: This longitudinal study compared lactose status: 1) prior to 16 weeks gestation, 2) between the 30th and

D. M. Paige; F. R. Witter; J. A. Perman; Y. Bronner; L. A. Kessler

1997-01-01

325

A Qualitative Description of African American Women's Breastfeeding Experiences  

E-print Network

,000 in population). While the prevalence appears only slightly higher for African Americans as compared to whites, the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the 10 to 19 year old African American population is significantly on the rise (SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth... B. Purpose 4 i. Research Question 5 ii. Theory 6 iii. Significance of the Study 8 iv. Definition of terms 9 v. Assumptions 10 Chapter 2 11-36 A. Introduction 11 B. Review of the Literature 12 i...

Spencer, Becky

2012-08-31

326

Explorative study of African Americans and internet dating  

E-print Network

these estimates where there is anonymity, such as on the Internet (Henderson and Gilding 2004). Thus, the authors? suggest that trustworthiness not only depends on immanent qualities of reputation, performance and appearance, but also on contextual conditions..., particularly African Americans. 24 CHAPTER III METHODS The objective of this study is to conduct an exploratory study determining whether or not the Internet is an effective tool for African Americans to find ?compatable? dates. This study also...

Spates, Kamesha Sondranek

2005-02-17

327

Housing Discrimination and Urban Poverty of African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a conceptual synthesis of six competing positions about the causes of inordinately high rates of poverty among urban African-Americans. This framework guides the specification of a six-simultaneous-equation econometric model, wherein both the pattern and the extent of racial residential segregation, inter-class residential segregation within the African-American community, school racial segregation, school performance, and poverty rates are endogenous.

George C. Galster

1991-01-01

328

The African-American Urban Milieu and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic disparity between urban white America and urban black America is becoming more pronounced, whether in central cities, suburbs, or edge cities. African-American employment prospects have declined in central cities, increased slightly in suburbs, and increased substantially for the few African Americans living and working in edge cities. William Julius Wilson cites the decline in stable, higher-paying, blue-collar employment in

Lenneal J. Henderson

1994-01-01

329

Early Literacy Skills in African-American Children: Research Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The poor reading achievement of African- American children in urban schools is well established. African-American children from low-income homes may be at particular risk for reading difficulties, al- though middle-income children often fare poorly as well. Intervention efforts have focused on children in kindergarten through fifth grade. This article suggests that prevention efforts must begin prior to kindergarten entry. Several

Julie A. Washington

2001-01-01

330

JUNE 2, 2014 -CLASS DAY DEPARTMENTAL RECEPTIONS African American Studies  

E-print Network

JUNE 2, 2014 - CLASS DAY DEPARTMENTAL RECEPTIONS African American Studies Class of 1936 Memorial Garden 1:00 ­ 3:00 p.m. African Studies 3rd Floor Gallery, Aaron Burr Hall 2:30 ­ 3:15 p.m. American Studies Wu Dining Hall 2:30 - 3:30 p.m. Anthropology Large Multipurpose Room 104, Carl A. Fields Center 4

331

Review: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in African Americans.  

PubMed

Heart failure (HF) affects 5,700 000 people in the United States, with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) being responsible for between 30%-50% of acute admissions. Epidemiological studies and HF registries have found HFPEF patients to be older, hypertensive and to have a history of atrial fibrillation. These findings, however, may not be fully applicable to African Americans, as they have been poorly studied making up only a minority of the test subjects. This review article is intended to discuss the pathophysiology and epidemiology of HFPEF within African Americans, highlight the differences compared to Caucasian populations and review current treatment guidelines. Studies looking at African Americans in particular have shown them to be younger, female and have worse diastolic dysfunction compared to Caucasian populations. African Americans also have been shown to have a worse mortality outcome especially in patients without coronary artery disease. The treatment of HFPEF is primarily symptomatic with no survival benefit seen in randomized controlled trials. Mechanisms postulated for the worse prognosis in African Americans with HFPEF include: greater incidence of hypertension and diastolic dysfunction, undefined race-driven genetic predispositions or relative resistance to medications that treat HF in general. The biological predispositions may also be compounded by inequality of healthcare access; something still felt to exist today. Prospective studies and randomized controlled trials need to be conducted with particular emphasis on African American populations to fully elucidate this disease and to formulate race specific treatment outcomes for the future. PMID:23140073

Shah, Sachil

2012-01-01

332

Cultural barriers to African American participation in anxiety disorders research.  

PubMed

Anxiety disorders are understudied, underdiagnosed, and undertreated in African Americans. Research focused on the phenomenology, etiology, and treatment of anxiety in African Americans has been hampered by lack of inclusion of this population in clinical research studies. The reason for exclusion is not well understood, although cultural mistrust has been hypothesized as a major barrier to research participation. This article reviews the relevant literature to date and examines the experience of 6 African American adults who participated in a larger clinical assessment study about anxiety. Drawing upon in-depth semistructured interviews about their subjective experiences, we examined participant perspectives about the assessment process, opinions about African American perception of anxiety studies, and participant-generated ideas about how to improve African American participation. Based on a qualitative analysis of responses, feelings of mistrust emerged as a dominant theme. Concerns fell under 6 categories, including not wanting to speak for others, confidentiality, self and group presentation concerns, repercussions of disclosure, potential covert purposes of the study, and the desire to confide only in close others. Suggestions for increasing African American participation are discussed, including assurances of confidentiality, adequate compensation, and a comfortable study environment. PMID:23862294

Williams, Monnica T; Beckmann-Mendez, Diana A; Turkheimer, Eric

2013-01-01

333

African American leadership groups: smoking with the enemy  

PubMed Central

Background: Among all racial and ethnic groups in the USA, African Americans bear the greatest burden from tobacco related disease. The tobacco industry has been highly influential in the African American community for decades, providing funding and other resources to community leaders and emphasising publicly its support for civil rights causes and groups, while ignoring the negative health effects of its products on those it claims to support. However, the industry's private business reasons for providing such support were unknown. Objective: To understand how and for what purposes the tobacco industry sought to establish and maintain relationships with African American leaders. Methods: Review and analysis of over 700 previously secret internal tobacco industry documents available on the internet. Results: The tobacco industry established relationships with virtually every African American leadership organisation and built longstanding social connections with the community, for three specific business reasons: to increase African American tobacco use, to use African Americans as a frontline force to defend industry policy positions, and to defuse tobacco control efforts. Conclusion: As the tobacco industry expands its global reach, public health advocates should anticipate similar industry efforts to exploit the vulnerabilities of marginalised groups. The apparent generosity, inclusion, and friendship proffered by the industry extract a price from groups in the health of their members. Helping groups anticipate such efforts, confront industry co-optation, and understand the hidden costs of accepting tobacco industry largesse should be part of worldwide tobacco control efforts. PMID:12432159

Yerger, V; Malone, R

2002-01-01

334

Cultural Barriers to African American Participation in Anxiety Disorders Research  

PubMed Central

Anxiety disorders are understudied, underdiagnosed, and undertreated in African Americans. Research focused on the phenomenology, etiology, and treatment of anxiety in African Americans has been hampered by lack of inclusion of this population in clinical research studies. The reason for exclusion is not well understood, although cultural mistrust has been hypothesized as a major barrier to research participation. This article reviews the relevant literature to date and examines the experience of 6 African American adults who participated in a larger clinical assessment study about anxiety. Drawing upon in-depth semistructured interviews about their subjective experiences, we examined participant perspectives about the assessment process, opinions about African American perception of anxiety studies, and participant-generated ideas about how to improve African American participation. Based on a qualitative analysis of responses, feelings of mistrust emerged as a dominant theme. Concerns fell under 6 categories, including not wanting to speak for others, confidentiality, self and group presentation concerns, repercussions of disclosure, potential covert purposes of the study, and the desire to confide only in close others. Suggestions for increasing African American participation are discussed, including assurances of confidentiality, adequate compensation, and a comfortable study environment. PMID:23862294

Williams, Monnica T.; Beckmann-Mendez, Diana A.; Turkheimer, Eric

2014-01-01

335

Barriers to hospice use among African Americans: a systematic review.  

PubMed

The present review was undertaken to explore recent evidence in the professional literature pertaining to use of hospice services by African Americans. The article addresses the research methods that have been used to study African American hospice use, obstacles to African American participation in hospice that have been identified, and interventions designed to increase the number of African Americans using hospice services that have been tested. Results indicate that both qualitative and quantitative methods have identified the following key factors that contribute to the underuse of hospice services by members of the African American community: personal or cultural values in conflict with hospice philosophy, lack of awareness of hospice services, concern about burdening family, economic factors, mistrust of the health care system, and expected lack of ethnic minority employees in hospice agencies. Implications for future social work research and practice with terminally ill African Americans and their families include efforts to quantitatively determine whether the identified key factors contribute significantly in the decisions they make regarding end-of-life care. In addition, social work intervention studies are recommended to offer tested interventions designed to increase the use of hospice services that are cost-effective and culturally competent. PMID:19070274

Washington, Karla T; Bickel-Swenson, Denise; Stephens, Nathan

2008-11-01

336

Providing Culturally Relevant Mental Health Services: Collaboration between Psychology and the African American Church.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a model of collaboration between psychologists and the African American church, discussing the connection between African psychology and religion, examining barriers to and strategies for collaboration between psychologists and the African American church, and describing the collaborative model called the African American Counseling Team.…

Queener, John E.; Martin, Juanita K.

2001-01-01

337

Slaves No More: The Caring Power of African-American Female Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author examines the historical significance of the cultural aspect of race on African American females' leadership values and styles that encourage caring in schools. The author focuses her study by asking: What aspects of their (African American female leaders) cultural backgrounds as Africans and as African Americans

Sernak, Kathleen S.

2004-01-01

338

The Peoples Multicultural Almanac: America from the 1400s to Present. 365 Days of Contributions by African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, European Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Peoples Multicultural Almanac provides five entries for each day in the school year, September through May, organized for the following ethnic groups: (1) African Americans; (2) Asian Americans; (3) European Americans; (4) Hispanic Americans; and (5) Native Americans. The entries highlight significant social, political, historical, cultural,…

Taylor, Earl J., Jr.; And Others

339

Kill Them Before They Grow. Misdiagnosis of African American Boys in American Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contends that the American public education system has made "black male" synonymous with "disabled" through the creation of the labels "Behavior Disorders" and "Emotional Disorders." These labels, which say that African American boys cannot behave without special treatment, juvenile probation, and, in many cases, drugs, condemns African

Porter, Michael

340

Marital Satisfaction among African Americans and Black Caribbeans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the correlates of marital satisfaction using data from a national probability sample of African Americans (N = 962) and Black Caribbeans (N = 560). Findings reveal differences between African Americans and Black Caribbeans, and men and women within those groups, in the predictors of marital satisfaction. Black Caribbean women…

Bryant, Chalandra M.; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Lincoln, Karen D.; Chatters, Linda M.; Jackson, James S.

2008-01-01

341

Cultural In-Group Advantage: Emotion Recognition in African American and European American Faces and Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored whether there were in-group advantages in emotion recognition of faces and voices by culture or geographic region. Participants were 72 African American students (33 men, 39 women), 102 European American students (30 men, 72 women), 30 African international students (16 men, 14 women), and 30 European international students…

Wickline, Virginia B.; Bailey, Wendy; Nowicki, Stephen

2009-01-01

342

Constructing Membership Identity through Language and Social Interaction: The Case of African American Children at Faith Missionary Baptist Church  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author explores how African American children in a Black church Sunday school community in northern California developed positive membership identity. Focal participants were Sunday school children ages 9 to 12 and their Sunday school teachers. Drawn from a two-year ethnographic study, data showed that adults prepared children…

Peele-Eady, Tryphenia B.

2011-01-01

343

Role of Student Engagement in the Resilience of African American Adolescents from Low-Income Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study sought to determine whether behavioral and psychological engagement in middle school served a protective or promotive role, thereby contributing to the resilience of African American youth from low-income rural communities. Teacher reports of adjustment (i.e., aggression, academic competence, popularity) in the sixth grade were gathered.…

Irvin, Matthew J.

2012-01-01

344

Contextually-relevant validation of peer play constructs with African American head start children: Penn interactive peer play scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the construct and concurrent validity of a modified version of the Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale (PIPPS), a teacher-rating instrument of interactive play behaviors of preschool children. PIPPS were collected on 523 urban African American Head Start children. The PIPPS scales were confirmed, supporting the following constructs of peer play: Play Interaction,

John Fantuzzo; Kathleen Coolahan; Julia Mendez; Paul McDermott; Brian Sutton-Smith

1998-01-01

345

Psychosocial Issues Facing African and African American Women Diagnosed With Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer is a global issue. The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 1.2 million people will receive a diagnosis of breast cancer each year. Breast cancer continues to be the most diagnosed cancer for all women, after skin cancer, both within the United States and worldwide. Although the incidence of breast cancer among African and African American women is

Godfrey Gregg

2009-01-01

346

The relationship between skin color, self-esteem and African self-consciousness among African American college-educated women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among skin color, self-esteem, and African self-consciousness among 303 college-educated African American women. In addition, an African American Socialization Subscale was used to examine the participants' level of acculturation in the African American culture. The researcher hypothesized that those women who perceived their skin color as light, in comparison to

Kim M Daniel

2001-01-01

347

Genetic Ancestry-Smoking Interactions and Lung Function in African Americans: A Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundSmoking tobacco reduces lung function. African Americans have both lower lung function and decreased metabolism of tobacco smoke compared to European Americans. African ancestry is also associated with lower pulmonary function in African Americans. We aimed to determine whether African ancestry modifies the association between smoking and lung function and its rate of decline in African Americans.Methodology\\/Principal FindingsWe evaluated a

Melinda C. Aldrich; Rajesh Kumar; Laura A. Colangelo; L. Keoki Williams; Saunak Sen; Stephen B. Kritchevsky; Bernd Meibohm; Joshua Galanter; Donglei Hu; Christopher R. Gignoux; Yongmei Liu; Tamara B. Harris; Elad Ziv; Joseph Zmuda; Melissa Garcia; Tennille S. Leak; Marilyn G. Foreman; Lewis J. Smith; Myriam Fornage; Kiang Liu; Esteban G. Burchard

2012-01-01

348

Intersection of identities. Food, role, and the African–American pastor?  

PubMed Central

African–American pastors can foster health-related innovations as gatekeepers and advocates within their churches. Personal experiences with food and health likely influence their support of such programs. Identities or meanings attached to societal roles have been shown to motivate individuals’ attitudes and behaviors. Understanding role and eating identities of African–American pastors may have important implications for participation in faith-based health promotion programs. This study aimed to describe the eating and pastoral identities of African–American pastors, explore intersections between these identities, and highlight implications for nutrition programs. In-depth interviews with 30 African–American pastors were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed using theory-guided and grounded-theory approaches. Pastors described affinity across one or more dimensions including healthy, picky, meat, and over-eater identities. In describing themselves as pastors, the dimensions pastor’s heart, teacher, motivator, and role model emerged. Pastors who described themselves as healthy eaters were more likely to see themselves as role models. Pastors with healthier eating identities and more complex pastoral identities described greater support for health programming while unhealthy, picky, and over-eaters did not. These findings provide guidance for understanding eating and role identities among pastors and should be considered when designing and implementing faith-based programs. PMID:23538172

Harmon, Brook E.; Blake, Christine E.; Armstead, Cheryl A.; Hébert, James R.

2013-01-01

349

Educating Democratic Minds in South African Public Schools: African Teachers' Perceptions of Good Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various views on the attributes of a good citizen are discussed to report the outcomes of a research project on African teachers' perceptions on what factors contribute to being a good citizen. It is revealed that a good citizen in a constitutional democracy is someone who possesses communitarian characteristics, public characteristics and…

Schoeman, Sonja

2005-01-01

350

In Their Words: An Exploration into How the Construction of Congruent Third Space Creates an Environment for Employment of Scientific Discourse in Urban, African-American Kindergarten Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation was to understand how young, urban, African American girls learn new science discourse. The research questions focused on three units of analysis: the teacher, the student, and the discourse. These research questions were the following: (1) How is a congruent Third Space constructed by the teacher in this…

Quigley, Cassie

2010-01-01

351

National Cry for Help: Psychological Issues as They Relate to Education; A Realistic Approach to Understanding and Coping with the African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One could argue that advance teacher training does not make a difference in student achievement. According to William Sanders, a Professor at the University of Tennessee, the single most dominate factor affecting student achievement gain is teachers advance training. African American students make up 17 percent of the public school population…

Anthony, Taiwanna D.; Kritsonis, William Allan; Herrington, David E.

2007-01-01

352

Bessie Coleman, First African American Pilot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Born on January 26, 1892 in Atlanta, Texas to a family of sharecroppers, Bessie Coleman grew up in poverty. Her father abandoned the family when she was nine, and her elder brothers soon left as well, leaving her mother with the four youngest of her thirteen children. While taking care of her younger sisters, Bessie completed all eight available years of primary education, excelling in math. She enrolled at the Colored Agricultural and Normal University in Langston, Oklahoma in 1910, but lack of funds forced her to leave after only one term. Five years later, she left the South and moved to Chicago to join two of her brothers, Walter and John, where she worked as a beautician for several years. An avid reader, she learned about World War I pilots in the newspaper and became intrigued by the prospect of flying. As a black woman, she had no chance of acceptance at any American pilot school, so she moved to France in 1919 and enrolled at the Ecole d'Aviation des Freres Caudon at Le Crotoy. After returning briefly to the United States, she spent one more term in France practicing more advanced flying before finally settling back in her birth country. She did exhibition flying and gave lectures across the country from 1922 to 1926. While flying, she refused to perform unless the audiences were desegregated. She was test flying a new plane on April 30, 1926 when it malfunctioned, killing both her and the mechanic who was piloting it. Her career as the world's first African American pilot inspired many who followed.

1921-01-01

353

Early Head Start and African American Families: Impacts and Mechanisms of Child Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persistent disparities exist between African American children and their European American counterparts across developmental domains. Early childhood intervention may serve to promote more positive outcomes among African American children. The current study examined whether and how the Early Head Start (EHS) program benefited African American

Harden, Brenda Jones; Sandstrom, Heather; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel

2012-01-01

354

Race in the Global Era. African Americans at the Millennium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Race is only one of the prisms through which to examine the political and social life of Americans, but it is one in which there has been insufficient determination of contemporary dynamics. For this discussion, the most important issue is the debate within the black community regarding the nature and causes of the crisis facing African Americans

Lusane, Clarence

355

Welfare Systems and African-Americans: Historical Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An historical discussion of the relationship of American welfare systems to African-Americans, stating that Europeans, primarily from England, reluctantly established meagre, inhumane welfare systems based on seventeenth century English philosophy and tradition for members of their own nationality group after more than two centuries of poverty in…

Nicholson, Rosetta

1975-01-01

356

Marriage, Money, and African American Mothers' Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of marital status and family income on the self-esteem of 292 African American mothers. Counter to previous studies with European American mothers, family income moderated the effects of marital status. Those mothers with higher family income had higher self-esteem, regardless of their marital status. For those with…

Mandara, Jelani; Johnston, Jamie S.; Murray, Carolyn B.; Varner, Fatima

2008-01-01

357

Cultural Enrichment: Connecting African American Elementary Children to Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large, growing number of mis-educated American citizens are being produced by America's public schools. Many of these students are being funneled into the penal system shortly after dropping out of high school. This phenomenon is especially prevalent among African American male students, many of whom have withdrawn academically years prior…

Winston, Deborah L.

2011-01-01

358

African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Library of Congress's American Memory project has premiered a new collection showcasing the Library's extensive African-American collections. It traces the African-American experience through nine chronological periods that document the long and difficult path from slavery to Reconstruction to the fight for civil and social equality in the twentieth century. This virtual exhibit is similar to a physical one in that the emphasis is on the historical materials rather than explanatory text. Users will find images of a wide range of rare books, manuscripts, government documents, sheet music, movie posters, and photographs.

359

Psychopathy Subtypes among African American County Jail Inmates  

PubMed Central

There is evidence that the classification of “psychopath” captures a heterogeneous group of offenders. Although several studies have provided evidence for two distinct psychopath subtypes, these studies have inadequately addressed potentially important ethnic differences. A recent taxonomic study found evidence for primary and secondary psychopath subgroups in a sample of European American offenders (Swogger & Kosson, 2007). The present study used cluster analysis to attempt to replicate those findings in a sample of African American offenders. Results confirm the presence of primary and secondary subtypes in African Americans. However, differences between the clusters obtained in the present and previous studies suggest that caution is warranted in generalizing offender taxonomies across ethnicity. PMID:19458787

Swogger, Marc T.; Walsh, Zach; Kosson, David S.

2009-01-01

360

African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of CongressâÂÂs âÂÂAfrican American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenshipâ exhibition celebrates African American history over nine time periods, ranging from 18th century slavery to the Civil Rights era. This thorough collection includes over 240 books, government documents, maps, musical scores, films, and plays, supplemented with relevant historical explanations and contexts. Viewers can peruse through more than two hundred years of historical documents to better understand the African American quest for equality in the face of adversity. All available for review online, the collection features a key-word search for more efficient learning and researching. Through easy browsing of original documents, such as letters Frederick Douglass wrote during the Civil War, users are able to get a better historical perspective on the unique development of African American culture.

2008-01-01

361

Assessment of the Status of African-Americans. Volume V: Health and Medical Care of African-Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1987 a project was undertaken to assess the status of African Americans in the United States in the topical areas to be addressed by the National Research Council's Study Committee on the Status of Black Americans: education, employment, income and occupations, political participation and the administration of justice, social and cultural…

Reed, Wornie L.; Darity, William, Sr.; Roman, Stanford; Baquet, Claudia; Roberson, Norma L.

362

Concurrent validity of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI): a study of African American precollege students.  

PubMed

Concurrent validation procedures were employed, using a sample of African American precollege students, to determine the extent to which scale scores obtained from the first edition of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) were appropriate for diagnostic purposes. Data analysis revealed that 2 of the 10 LASSI scales (i.e., Anxiety and Test Strategies) significantly correlated with a measure of academic ability. These results suggested that scores obtained from these LASSI scales may provide valid assessments of African American precollege students’ academic aptitude. Implications for teachers, school counselors, and developmental studies professionals were discussed. PMID:22454973

Flowers, Lamont A; Bridges, Brian K; Moore III, James L

2012-01-01

363

Health-related Quality of Life of African American Breast Cancer Survivors Compared to Healthy African American Women  

PubMed Central

Background The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer can result in an array of late cancer-specific side effects and changes in general well-being. Research has focused on Caucasian samples, limiting our understanding of the unique health-related quality of life outcomes of African American breast cancer survivors (BCS). Even when African American BCS have been targeted, research is limited by small samples and failure to include comparisons of peers without a history of breast cancer. Objective The purpose of this study was to compare health-related quality of life of African American women BCS to African American women with no history of breast cancer (control group). Methods A total of 140 women (62 BCS and 78 control), ages 18 years or older and 2–10 years post-diagnosis, was recruited from a breast cancer clinic and cancer support groups. Participants provided informed consent and completed a one-time survey based on Brenner’s (1995) proximal-distal health-related quality of life model. Results After adjusting for age, education, income, and body mass index, African American BCS experienced more fatigue (p=0.001), worse hot flashes (p<0.001) and worse sleep quality (p<0.001), but more social support from their partner (p=0.028) and more positive change (p=0.001) compared to African American women controls. Conclusions Our results suggest that African American women BCS may experience unique health-related outcomes that transcend age, education, socio-economic status and body mass index. Implications for Practice Findings suggest the importance of understanding the survivorship experience for particular racial and ethnic subgroups to proactively assess difficulties and plan interventions. PMID:22228394

Von Ah, Diane M.; Russell, Kathleen M.; Carpenter, Janet; Monahan, Patrick O.; Zhao, Qianqian; Tallman, Eileen; Ziner, Kim Wagler; Storniolo, Anna Maria; Miller, Kathy D.; Giesler, R. Brian; Haase, Joan; Otte, Julie; Champion, Victoria L.

2011-01-01

364

A prospective study of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin d levels and mortality among African Americans and non-African Americans.  

PubMed

The beneficial biologic effects attributed to vitamin D suggest a potential to influence overall mortality. Evidence addressing this hypothesis is limited, especially for African Americans who have a high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency. The authors conducted a nested case-control study within the prospective Southern Community Cohort Study to relate baseline serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) with subsequent mortality. Cases were 1,852 participants who enrolled from 2002 to 2009 and died >12 months postenrollment. Controls (n = 1,852) were matched on race, sex, age, enrollment site, and blood collection date. The odds ratios for quartile 1 (<10.18 ng/mL) versus quartile 4 (>21.64 ng/mL) levels of 25(OH)D were 1.60 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.20, 2.14) for African Americans and 2.11 (95% CI: 1.39, 3.21) for non-African Americans. The effects were strongest for circulatory disease death, where quartile 1 versus quartile 4 odds ratios were 2.53 (95% CI: 1.44, 4.46) and 3.25 (95% CI: 1.33, 7.93) for African Americans and non-African Americans, respectively. The estimated odds of total mortality were minimized in the 25(OH)D range of 35-40 ng/mL. These findings provide support for the hypothesis that vitamin D status may have an important influence on mortality for both African Americans and non-African Americans. PMID:23125439

Signorello, Lisa B; Han, Xijing; Cai, Qiuyin; Cohen, Sarah S; Cope, Elizabeth L; Zheng, Wei; Blot, William J

2013-01-15

365

African adolescents and their teachers: sex and rural-urban comparisons in teachers' perceived behaviors.  

PubMed

This study investigated rural-urban differences in teachers' perceived behaviors among African adolescent boys and girls. On the Perceived Teacher Behavior Inventory administered to 354 boys and 530 girls from four rural and urban high schools in South Africa no significant sex differences were found on the subscales of Generalized Support, Positive Expectations, and Participation. Rural boys and girls scored significantly higher, however, than their urban peers on the Generalized Support and Participation. PMID:10932586

Mboya, M M

2000-06-01

366

Developmental Origins of Perfectionism Among African American Youth  

PubMed Central

The present study used a person-centered latent variable approach to classify types of perfectionism among 6th-grade African American children living in an urban setting. In particular, the authors were interested in determining whether an adaptive subtype could be found and validated against external criteria. The authors also attempted to identify any developmental precursors that could reliably differentiate the perfectionist subtypes. A social learning and competence framework was used to select potential 1st-grade risk and protective factors for future perfectionism profiles. Four classes best described the children’s perfectionism scores in 6th grade. Three of these classes resembled the profiles most commonly seen in prior perfectionism research (Non-Critical/Adaptive, Critical/Maladaptive, and Non-Perfectionist). The fourth class, Non-Striving, was characterized by extremely low levels of reported personal standards. Sixth-grade correlates confirmed the distinctiveness of these classes. In particular, the Critical/Maladaptive and Non-Striving classes had higher rates of internalizing symptoms and disorders. Additionally, several 1st-grade predictors suggested unique developmental origins of these classes. The Critical/Maladaptive class was characterized by lower academic skills and elevated teacher-rated attention problems, hyperactivity, shyness, and peer rejection. The Non-Striving class had higher rates of family alcohol problems and lower levels of parent praise. Implications regarding the universal and culture-specific origins and effects of perfectionism are discussed. PMID:21574697

Herman, Keith C.; Trotter, Reid; Reinke, Wendy M.; Ialongo, Nicholas

2013-01-01

367

Developmental origins of perfectionism among African American youth.  

PubMed

The present study used a person-centered latent variable approach to classify types of perfectionism among 6th-grade African American children living in an urban setting. In particular, the authors were interested in determining whether an adaptive subtype could be found and validated against external criteria. The authors also attempted to identify any developmental precursors that could reliably differentiate the perfectionist subtypes. A social learning and competence framework was used to select potential 1st-grade risk and protective factors for future perfectionism profiles. Four classes best described the children's perfectionism scores in 6th grade. Three of these classes resembled the profiles most commonly seen in prior perfectionism research (Non-Critical/Adaptive, Critical/Maladaptive, and Non-Perfectionist). The fourth class, Non-Striving, was characterized by extremely low levels of reported personal standards. Sixth-grade correlates confirmed the distinctiveness of these classes. In particular, the Critical/Maladaptive and Non-Striving classes had higher rates of internalizing symptoms and disorders. Additionally, several 1st-grade predictors suggested unique developmental origins of these classes. The Critical/Maladaptive class was characterized by lower academic skills and elevated teacher-rated attention problems, hyperactivity, shyness, and peer rejection. The Non-Striving class had higher rates of family alcohol problems and lower levels of parent praise. Implications regarding the universal and culture-specific origins and effects of perfectionism are discussed. PMID:21574697

Herman, Keith C; Trotter, Reid; Reinke, Wendy M; Ialongo, Nicholas

2011-07-01

368

Teaching with Historic Places: Iron Hill School: An African American One-Room School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, part of the National Park Service's Teaching with Historic Places Website (see the June 4, 1999 Scout Report), structures a lesson plan on Progressive Era education around the history of a one-room African-American school house at Iron Hill in rural northern Delaware. In addition to interviews with former pupils of the school, the Website offers readings, images, and activities concerning the issues of African American education, Progressive Era philanthropy, and the processes of "creating history" through documentary research and the taking of oral histories. Teachers are provided with thorough instructions on the use of the site in a classroom setting. The lesson was written by Susan Brizzolara Wojcik, Historic Preservation Planner for the New Castle County Department of Land Use.

369

Religion and womanism in the lives of Central Texas African American Baptist women  

E-print Network

African American Baptist churches are not known as bastions of sexual equality. The dominance of males in the pulpit and the conservative and literal interpretation of the Bible often support this idea. African American women, however, were...

Turner, Deidra Rochelle

2009-05-15

370

3 CFR 8992 - Proclamation 8992 of May 31, 2013. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...8992 of May 31, 2013. African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013 8992 Proclamation...2013 Proc. 8992 African-American Music Appreciation Month, 2013By the President...lasting freedom. Through every generation, music has reflected and renewed our...

2014-01-01

371

Mentoring Relationships among African American Women in Graduate and Professional Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of mentoring relationships among African American women in postbaccalaureate degree programs is emphasized and coupled with a discussion of the current shortage of same-race, same-sex mentors for African American female graduate and professional students.

Patton, Lori D.; Harper, Shaun R.

2003-01-01

372

Mechanisms Linking Violence Exposure and School Engagement Among African American Adolescents: Examining the Roles of Psychological Problem Behaviors and Gender  

PubMed Central

This study examines whether the relationship between violence exposure and school engagement is mediated by psychological problem behaviors and whether such relationships are gendered. Five hundred and sixty-three high school African American adolescents (ages 13 to 19 years) completed questionnaires which assessed two types of violence exposure (community violence and marital conflict), psychological problem behaviors (e.g., PTSD symptoms, anxiety, withdrawal, and aggressive behaviors), and school engagement (i.e., student-teacher connectedness and grade point average [GPA] obtained from school records). For male adolescents, psychological problem behaviors collectively mediated the relationship between community violence exposure and student-teacher connectedness. For female adolescents, both community violence and marital conflict exposure were negatively related to both GPA and student-teacher connectedness via aggressive behavior. Findings suggest that the differential impact of type of violence exposure and its sequela based on gender should be considered when addressing low school engagement among African American youth. PMID:21219276

Voisin, Dexter R.; Neilands, Torsten B.; Hunnicutt, Shannon

2010-01-01

373

Exercise economy in African American and European American women.  

PubMed

We have previously shown that Achilles tendon length is related to walking economy on the flat, presumably because of increased stretch-shortening cycle elastic energy savings. In addition, greater walking economy in African American (AA) women compared to European American (EA) women is explained by longer Achilles tendons in AA women. The purposes of this study were to determine whether economy while walking up a grade and during isometric plantar flexion, two tasks expected to produce proportionately less energy savings from elastic savings are different between AA and EA women. We evaluated walking economy at 4.8 km/h at 0 and 2.5% grade in 48 AA and 48 EA premenopausal women. Plantar flexor muscle metabolic economy (force/ATP) was also evaluated using (31) phosphate magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS). AA women walked on the flat more economically (net VO(2), AA 8.3 and EA 8.9 ml kg(-1) min(-1), P = 0.04). No significant ethnic differences were observed while walking up a 2.5% grade or in (31)P-MRS determined plantar flexor muscle metabolic economy. These data support our previous study's suggestion that AA women are more economical while walking on the flat. On the other hand, in activities in which stretch-shortening cycle elastic energy savings would be expected to be reduced (grade walking and isometric force production), no differences in economy during grade walking or isometric force production were observed suggesting that biomechanical, i.e. stretch-shortening cycle elastic energy savings differences rather biochemical differences contribute to the better flat walking economy observed in AA women. PMID:21229260

Hunter, Gary R; McCarthy, John P; Bamman, Marcas M; Larson-Meyer, D Enette; Fisher, Gordon; Newcomer, Bradley R

2011-08-01

374

Ethnicity as a social context for the development of African-American adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does anticipated future racial discrimination undermine African-American adolescents' academic motivation and performance? Do face-to-face experiences with racial discrimination at school undermine African-American adolescents' academic functioning? Does African-American ethnic identity buffer these relations? This paper addresses these questions using two waves of data from a longitudinal study of an economically diverse sample of African-American adolescents living near Washington D.C. The data

Jacquelynne S. Eccles; Carol A. Wong; Stephen C. Peck

2006-01-01

375

Strategies to prevent HIV transmission among heterosexual African-American men  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: As part of qualitative research for developing a culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate videotape-based HIV prevention intervention for heterosexual African- American men, six focus groups were conducted with thirty African-American men to determine their perceptions of AIDS as a threat to the African-American community, characteristics of past situations that have placed African Americans at risk for HIV infection, their

Ekere J Essien; Angela F Meshack; Ronald J Peters; Gbadebo O Ogungbade; Nora I Osemene

2005-01-01

376

Sexual health communication within religious african-american families.  

PubMed

While research suggests youth prefer parents and family members to serve as the primary sources of sexual health information, fear and discomfort around discussing sex with their parents may leave youth misinformed and underinformed. This study explored sexual heath communication within religious African-American families. Thirty adolescents participated in four focus groups, and 19 adults and 30 adolescents participated in six focus groups, at two predominantly African-American Christian churches in Flint, MI. All data were analyzed inductively using a constant comparison approach. Nearly all participants reported attending church weekly. Three themes emerged and are described: initiating sex talks, using mistakes as teaching tools, and clarifying prevention messages. Participants highlighted the need for religious parents to offer both religious and practical guidance to adolescents about sexual health. Findings from this study may be used to inform future sexual health promotion interventions for religious African-American families. PMID:24901449

Williams, Terrinieka T; Pichon, Latrice C; Campbell, Bettina

2015-04-01

377

Why African Americans may not be participating in clinical trials.  

PubMed Central

African Americans have been underrepresented in clinical trials. This study was designed to determine factors that may help explain the low participation rate of African Americans in clinical trials. A historical review documented past medical experimentation and other practices on blacks that were often brutal and unethical. These experiences may have served to fortify the legacy of African-American mistrust in the medical system and culminated in the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Four major barriers to participation in clinical trials were identified: lack of awareness about trials, economic factors, communication issues, and mistrust. These barriers, as well as others, can be surmounted with proper pretrial planning, patient education, genuine commitment and concern by study staff, and hard work to overcome deficiencies. PMID:8918067

Harris, Y.; Gorelick, P. B.; Samuels, P.; Bempong, I.

1996-01-01

378

Low arterial compliance in young African-American males.  

PubMed

Hypertension remains a common public health challenge because of its prevalence and increase in co-morbid cardiovascular diseases. Black males have disproportionate pathophysiological consequences of hypertension compared with any other group in the United States. Alterations in arterial wall compliance and autonomic function often precede the onset of disease. Accordingly, our purpose was to investigate whether differences exist in arterial compliance and autonomic function between young, healthy African-American males without evidence of hypertension and age- and gender-matched non-African-American males. All procedures were carried out noninvasively following rest. Arterial compliance was calculated as the integrated area starting at the well-defined nadir of the incisura of the dicrotic notch to the end of diastole of the radial artery pulse wave. Power spectral analysis of heart rate and blood pressure variability provided distributions representative of parasympathetic and sympathetic modulations and sympathovagal balance. Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) was calculated using the sequence method. Thirty-two African-American and twenty-nine non-African-American males were comparable in anthropometrics and negative family history of hypertension. t-Tests revealed lower arterial compliance (5.8 +/- 2.4 vs. 8.6 +/- 4.0 mmHg. s; P = 0.0017), parasympathetic modulation (8.9 +/- 1.1 vs. 9.7 +/- 1.1 ln ms2; P = 0.0063), and BRS (13.7 +/- 7.3 vs. 21.1 +/- 8.5 ms/mmHg; P = 0.0007) and higher sympathovagal balance (2.9 +/- 3.2 vs. 1.5 +/- 1.1; P = 0.03) in the African-American group. In summary, differences exist in arterial compliance and autonomic balance in African-American males. These alterations may be antecedent markers of disease and valuable in the detection of degenerative cardiovascular processes in individuals at risk. PMID:12738618

Zion, Adrienne S; Bond, Vernon; Adams, Richard G; Williams, Deborah; Fullilove, Robert E; Sloan, Richard P; Bartels, Matthew N; Downey, John A; De Meersman, Ronald E

2003-08-01

379

African-American mitochondrial DNAs often match mtDNAs found in multiple African ethnic groups  

PubMed Central

Background Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotypes have become popular tools for tracing maternal ancestry, and several companies offer this service to the general public. Numerous studies have demonstrated that human mtDNA haplotypes can be used with confidence to identify the continent where the haplotype originated. Ideally, mtDNA haplotypes could also be used to identify a particular country or ethnic group from which the maternal ancestor emanated. However, the geographic distribution of mtDNA haplotypes is greatly influenced by the movement of both individuals and population groups. Consequently, common mtDNA haplotypes are shared among multiple ethnic groups. We have studied the distribution of mtDNA haplotypes among West African ethnic groups to determine how often mtDNA haplotypes can be used to reconnect Americans of African descent to a country or ethnic group of a maternal African ancestor. The nucleotide sequence of the mtDNA hypervariable segment I (HVS-I) usually provides sufficient information to assign a particular mtDNA to the proper haplogroup, and it contains most of the variation that is available to distinguish a particular mtDNA haplotype from closely related haplotypes. In this study, samples of general African-American and specific Gullah/Geechee HVS-I haplotypes were compared with two databases of HVS-I haplotypes from sub-Saharan Africa, and the incidence of perfect matches recorded for each sample. Results When two independent African-American samples were analyzed, more than half of the sampled HVS-I mtDNA haplotypes exactly matched common haplotypes that were shared among multiple African ethnic groups. Another 40% did not match any sequence in the database, and fewer than 10% were an exact match to a sequence from a single African ethnic group. Differences in the regional distribution of haplotypes were observed in the African database, and the African-American haplotypes were more likely to match haplotypes found in ethnic groups from West or West Central Africa than those found in eastern or southern Africa. Fewer than 14% of the African-American mtDNA sequences matched sequences from only West Africa or only West Central Africa. Conclusion Our database of sub-Saharan mtDNA sequences includes the most common haplotypes that are shared among ethnic groups from multiple regions of Africa. These common haplotypes have been found in half of all sub-Saharan Africans. More than 60% of the remaining haplotypes differ from the common haplotypes at a single nucleotide position in the HVS-I region, and they are likely to occur at varying frequencies within sub-Saharan Africa. However, the finding that 40% of the African-American mtDNAs analyzed had no match in the database indicates that only a small fraction of the total number of African haplotypes has been identified. In addition, the finding that fewer than 10% of African-American mtDNAs matched mtDNA sequences from a single African region suggests that few African Americans might be able to trace their mtDNA lineages to a particular region of Africa, and even fewer will be able to trace their mtDNA to a single ethnic group. However, no firm conclusions should be made until a much larger database is available. It is clear, however, that when identical mtDNA haplotypes are shared among many ethnic groups from different parts of Africa, it is impossible to determine which single ethnic group was the source of a particular maternal ancestor based on the mtDNA sequence. PMID:17038170

Ely, Bert; Wilson, Jamie Lee; Jackson, Fatimah; Jackson, Bruce A

2006-01-01

380

Their Highest Potential: An African American School Community in the Segregated South.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of the public schooling of African Americans during legalized segregation has focused almost exclusively on the inferior education that African American students received. In the national memory, African Americans have been victims of Whites who questioned the utility of providing Blacks with anything more than a rudimentary education…

Walker, Vanessa Siddle

381

Taking Another Look at Educating African American Engineers: The Importance of Undergraduate Retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we identify the engineering schools that either gradu- ate large classes of African Americans or that retain relatively high percentages of African American students in engineering; point out that modest improvements in student retention would signifi- cantly affect the total number of bachelors degrees earned annually by African Americans in engineering; examine the measures im- plemented by

MONTY REICHERT; MARTHA ABSHER

382

Perceptions of African American and Caucasian Partners in two-person work groups: Does Race Matter?  

E-print Network

128 Perceptions of African American and Caucasian Partners in two- person work groups: Does Race-person work groups. It was hypothesized that participants rating African American partners would be less to the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, African Americans made up approximately 8 percent

Omiecinski, Curtis

383

African American Young Adult Smoking Initiation: Identifying Intervention Points and Prevention Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African Americans have one of the lowest smoking rates as teens yet have one of the highest smoking rates as adults. Approximately 40% of African Americans who have ever smoked started smoking between the ages of 18 and 21. Purpose: This study aimed to identify why African American young adults began smoking in young adulthood and what…

Cheney, Marshall K.; Mansker, Jacqueline

2014-01-01

384

Retaining African Americans in Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms for Retaining Students, Faculty and Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection discusses some of the issues surrounding the retention of African Americans in higher education, and it challenges traditional paradigms for retaining African American students, administrators, and faculty at predominantly White colleges. The chapters of part 1, "Retaining African-American Students," are: (1) "Creating an Affirming…

Jones, Lee, Ed.

385

Still Segregated, Still Unequal: Analyzing the Impact of No Child Left Behind on African American Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This article examines the impact of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) on educational experiences and opportunities for African American children. Despite NCLB, public schools have continued to fail African Americans through separate and unequal educational opportunities partially because the focus on educating African American children well has not been legislated or mandated. In focusing on measuring the outcomes of

Christopher Knaus

386

issues in African-American politics, culture, and art. In addition,studentsencounterseveralargumentsaboutthe  

E-print Network

the appropriate departmental listings: African-American Studies 295 Art History 310-African-American Art Seminar History 360-The History of the African-American People since 1877 History 375-European Imperialism in East CURATOR RYAN REGULAR ADJUNCT FACULTY BEAVERS, CAPPS MAJORS A major in art history leading to a Bachelor

Dresden, Gregory

387

Impact of College Environments on the Spiritual Development of African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on the impact of college environments on the spiritual development of African American students. Using the Armstrong Measure of Spirituality (AMOS) survey administered to 125 African American college students, the study sought to ascertain whether or not there were differences in spirituality as reported by African American

Weddle-West, Karen; Hagan, Waldon Joseph; Norwood, Kristie M.

2013-01-01

388

Ethnicity as a Social Context for the Development of African-American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does anticipated future racial discrimination undermine African-American adolescents' academic motivation and performance? Do face-to-face experiences with racial discrimination at school undermine African-American adolescents' academic functioning? Does African-American ethnic identity buffer these relations? This paper addresses these questions…

Eccles, Jacquelynne S.; Wong, Carol A.; Peck, Stephen C.

2006-01-01

389

Counseling African American Adolescents: The Impact of Race, Culture, and Middle Class Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial body of literature addresses the concerns of African American youngsters who experience social distress, academic difficulties, poverty, despair, and violence. This article focuses on issues of particular rel- evance to school counselors working with middle-class, African American youngsters whose lives may have lit- tle relationship to the above-mentioned stressors. The article begins with an overview of African American

Norma L. Day-Vines; James M. Patton

390

Persistent poverty among Africans Americans in the United States: the impact of public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the persistent poverty that exists among African Americans in the United States. It explains why African Americans in the United States are much more likely to live and\\/or remain in poverty than any other population group. This study is based on the premise that the governmental system has affected African Americans through the use of public policies.

Daphne M Cooper

2011-01-01

391

Stainable hepatic iron in 341 African American adults at coroner\\/medical examiner autopsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Results of previous autopsy studies indicate that increased hepatic iron stores or hepatic iron overload is common in African Americans dying in hospitals, but there are no reports of hepatic iron content in other cohorts of African Americans. METHODS: We investigated the prevalence of heavy liver iron deposition in African American adults. Using established histochemical criteria, we graded Perls'

James C Barton; Ronald T Acton; Asia K Richardson; Robert M Brissie

2005-01-01

392

HEALTH PROBLEMS AMONG AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN AGE 35-64 IN ALLEGHENY COUNTY  

E-print Network

percentage of African American adults and children are living in poverty in the County,2 one would expectHEALTH PROBLEMS AMONG AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN AGE 35-64 IN ALLEGHENY COUNTY A BLACK PAPER and economic status of African Americans in the County is among the worst in the United States1 and a high

Sibille, Etienne

393

Elder Abuse and Neglect in African American Families: Informing Practice Based on Ecological and Cultural Frameworks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the rapid growth of the elderly African American population in the U.S., elder abuse and neglect in African American families continue to be underdeveloped areas of study. This article presents an ecological and culturally informed framework for the study of elder abuse in African American populations. The model was developed based on Bronfenbrenner's Human Ecological Theory. The model identifies

Sheena R. Horsford; José Rubén Parra-Cardona; Lori A. Post; Larry Schiamberg

2010-01-01

394

Connecting Social Disorganization Theory to African-American Outcomes to Explain the Achievement Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African-American student achievement outcomes have been and continue to be a critical concern for education researchers. Much of the framing of African-American student outcomes centers on what is known as achievement gaps that exist between African-American and White students. Unfortunately, these gaps have remained roughly the same since the…

Madyun, Na'im H.

2011-01-01

395

Strategies to prevent HIV transmission among heterosexual African-American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: African-American women are disproportionately affected by HIV, accounting for 60% of all cases among women in the United States. Although their race is not a precursor for HIV, the socioeconomic and cultural disparities associated with being African American may increase their risk of infection. Prior research has shown that interventions designed to reduce HIV infection among African-American women must

E James Essien; Angela F Meshack; Ronald J Peters; GO Ogungbade; Nora I Osemene

2005-01-01

396

Rural African American Clergy: An Exploration of Their Attitudes and Knowledge of Alzheimer's Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural African American clergy's ability to recognize Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and their capacity to provide support to elders with this illness has been neglected in the literature. Using a mental health literacy framework, the purpose of this research was to explore rural African American clergy knowledge and beliefs of AD. In-depth interviews were conducted with 9 African American clergy who

Kim L. Stansbury; Gillian L. Marshall; Debra A. Harley; Nancy Nelson

2010-01-01

397

Bidirectional Linkages Between Psychological Symptoms and Sexual Activities Among African American Adolescent Girls in Psychiatric Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examines longitudinal associations between light and heavy sexual experiences and psychiatric symptoms in African American adolescent girls receiving mental health care. Research supports bidirectional associations between adolescent romantic and sexual behaviors and depression and other mental health problems, but this finding has not been examined among African American youth or in clinical samples. African American girls in

Lisa R. Starr; Geri R. Donenberg; Erin Emerson

2012-01-01

398

Our Students, Ourselves: Lessons of Challenge and Hope from the African American Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hope of many African Americans in education as the great equalizer is illustrated by a review of African American education in the United States. The challenge of the continuing struggle for equality and the failure of public schools to serve as a liberating force in African American lives are described. (SK)

Peterson, Elizabeth A.

1996-01-01

399

A National Dilemma: African American Students Underrepresented in Advanced Mathematics Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of access to educational opportunities has been a reality for African American students. As a result, America's schools are facing a national dilemma. African American students are significantly underrepresented in advanced mathematics courses. One of the most segregated places in American society is the mathematics classroom. African

Johnson, Clarence; Kritsonis, William Allan

2006-01-01

400

Lifting the Voices of High-Achieving, Middle-Class, African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of African American education is complex. Beginning in the 17th century, African Americans fought for an education that allowed them to read and write. During the 21st century, African Americans value on education extends beyond only reading and writing to using these skills and other skills to maintain strong academic and leadership…

Brown, Stacey Marvetta

2012-01-01

401

The Effects of Educational Tracking on the Social Mobility of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a review of historical relations and an analysis of the current status of African Americans to critically examine educational opportunity for African Americans in the United States. In particular, the role that educational tracking plays in the relation of employment and educational achievement in the African-American population is detailed.…

Kershaw, Terry

1992-01-01

402

Referral of African American Children for Evaluation of Emotional or Behavioral Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that high numbers of African American children receive special education services. To address the overrepresentation of African Americans in special education, this study examined the source of referral and the behaviors that precipitate the referral of African Americans for evaluation due to behavioral or emotional concerns.…

Riccio, Cynthia A.; Ochoa, Salvador Hector; Garza, Sylvia G.; Nero, Collette L.

2003-01-01

403

How Involvement in African American Student Organizations Supports and Hinders Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perspectives of 84 African American students attending a predominantly White institution (PWI) were qualitatively analyzed to identify the conditions under which African American student organizations were perceived as assets and liabilities to academic success. Results indicate that involvement in African American student organizations can…

Guiffrida, Douglas A.

2004-01-01

404

The Career Experiences of African American Women Faculty: Implications for Counselor Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite three decades of affirmative action efforts, counseling programs continue to struggle with the challenge of recruiting and retaining African American women faculty. African American women in general, and African American female professors in particular, have emerged from what Hudson-Weems (1989) terms as a tripartite form of oppression, of…

Bradley, Carla

2005-01-01

405

Cultural Orientation as a Protective Factor against Tobacco and Marijuana Smoking for African American Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined cultural orientation as a protective factor against tobacco and marijuana smoking for African American young women (ages 18 to 25). African American college students (N = 145) from a predominantly White university were administered subscales from the African American Acculturation Scale-Revised (AAAS-R); the shortened…

Nasim, Aashir; Corona, Rosalie; Belgrave, Faye; Utsey, Shawn O.; Fallah, Niloofar

2007-01-01

406

A Case Study of the Development of African American Women Executives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even in an era when the country elected an African American man as President of the United States, there is still a paucity of African American women executives within Fortune 500 companies. Although more African American women have joined the ranks of corporate management over the last two decades, the numbers, when compared to those of White…

Brooks Greaux, Lisa

2010-01-01

407

Identifying Barriers to Colonoscopy Screening for Nonadherent African American Participants in a Patient Navigation Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans have a higher rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality than other racial/ethnic groups. This disparity is alarming given that CRC is largely preventable through the use of endoscopy (screening colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy), yet rates of CRC screening among African Americans is suboptimal. Only 48.9% of African Americans are…

Sly, Jamilia R.; Edwards, Tiffany; Shelton, Rachel C.; Jandorf, Lina

2013-01-01

408

Mentoring and Professional Identity Development for African American Female Doctoral Students: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the impact mentoring relationships, between African American women doctoral students and faculty members, has on the students' professional identity development. Of particular interest is an examination of whether matched mentoring relationships between African American women doctoral students and African American female…

Curry, Nettavia Doreen

2011-01-01

409

Effects of Ethnically Diverse Photographic Stimuli on Preference and Discourse Tasks in African American and Caucasian American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determined whether using photographic stimuli displaying different ethnicity (African American vs. Caucasian American) influenced preference, word count, and number of content units produced by African American or Caucasian American participants. Six photograph pairs depicting common scenes were developed, differing only by model…

Ramkissoon, Ishara; Dagenais, Paul A.; Evans, Kelli J.; Camp, Travis J.; Ferguson, Neina N.

2013-01-01

410

The Effects of Age at Kindergarten Entry on the Reading Proficiency of African American and European American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

European American students are more likely delayed entrance in kindergarten than African American students. This study examined whether age at kindergarten entry influences the reading proficiency skills of African American and European American students at the start of kindergarten, at the end of first grade, and at the end of third grade. Using…

Easton-Brooks, Donald; Brown, Amber

2010-01-01

411

Participation in Extracurricular Activities in the Middle School Years: Are There Developmental Benefits for African American and European American Youth?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we examined the associations between organized activity participation during early adolescence and adjustment in a large and economically diverse sample of African American and European American youth. The sample included 1,047 youth (51% female and 49% male and 67% African American and 33% European American). We used analysis of…

Fredricks, Jennifer A.; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.

2008-01-01

412

Excessive Drinking Among African American Men: Individual and Contextual Correlates  

PubMed Central

In this paper we explored associations of multiple domains with regular drinking and getting drunk among adult African American men. Questionnaire-based, computer-assisted interviews were conducted with 484 men in Atlanta, Georgia. Data analysis involved multivariate logistic regression analyses. Findings show that being older increased the odds of both drinking behaviors. Sensation seeking increased the odds of regular drinking and having experienced childhood sexual and physical abuse increased the odds of getting drunk. Having health insurance reduced the odds of both outcomes. Insurance coverage and the heterogeneity among adult African American men must be considered in risk reduction efforts. PMID:22679893

DePadilla, Lara; Elifson, Kirk; McCarty, Frances; Sterk, Claire

2012-01-01

413

Progression of coronary atherosclerosis in African-American patients  

PubMed Central

Background African-Americans with coronary artery disease (CAD) demonstrate worse clinical outcomes than Caucasians. While this is partly due to a lack of accessibility to established therapies, the mechanisms underlying this difference remain to be elucidated. We aimed to characterize the progression of coronary atherosclerosis in African-Americans with CAD. Methods 3,479 patients with CAD underwent serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging to evaluate atheroma progression in 7 clinical trials of anti-atherosclerotic therapies. Risk factor control and atheroma progression were compared between African-Americans (n=170) and Caucasians (n=3,309). Results African-Americans were more likely to be female (51.8% vs. 28.1%, P<0.001), have a higher body mass index (32.8±6.0 vs. 31.3±5.8 kg/m2, P=0.002) and greater history of hypertension (85.9% vs. 78.8%, P=0.02), diabetes (41.8% vs. 30.6%, P=0.002) and stroke (12.9% vs. 3.0%, P<0.001). Despite a high use of anti-atherosclerotic medications (93% statin, 89% aspirin, 79% ?-blocker, 52% ACE inhibitor), African-Americans demonstrated higher levels of LDL-C (2.4±0.7 vs. 2.2±0.7 mmol/L, P=0.006), CRP (2.9 vs. 2.0 mg/dL, P<0.001) and systolic blood pressure (133±15 vs. 129±13 mmHg, P<0.001) at follow-up. There was no significant difference in atheroma volume at baseline (189.0±82.2 vs. 191.6±83.3 mm3, P=0.82) between two groups. Serial evaluation demonstrated a greater increase in atheroma volume in African-Americans (0.51±2.1 vs. –3.1±1.7 mm3, P=0.01). This difference persisted with propensity matching accounting for differences in risk factor control (0.1±2.1 vs. –3.7±1.7 mm3, P=0.02). Conclusions African-Americans with CAD achieve less optimal risk factor control and greater atheroma progression. These findings support the need for more intensive risk factor modification in African-Americans. PMID:24282765

Kataoka, Yu; Hsu, Amy; Wolski, Kathy; Uno, Kiyoko; Puri, Rishi; Tuzcu, E. Murat; Nissen, Steven E.

2013-01-01

414

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in African American children: What can be concluded from the past ten years??  

PubMed Central

Samuel et al. [Samuel, V. J., Curtis, S., Thornell, A., George, P., Taylor, A., Brome, D. R., et al. (1997). The unexplored void of ADHD and African-American research: A review of the literature. Journal of Attention Disorders, 1(4), 197–207.] reviewed the literature on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in African Americans, and found a paucity of research. The present review of 73 articles updates this assessment of available research and presents the current understanding of ADHD symptoms, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment in African American children ages 3–18. The authors conducted a qualitative review, as well as a mini meta-analysis of 5 studies of ADHD symptoms and 5 studies of ADHD diagnosis to clarify the question of racial differences in prevalence. African American youth had more ADHD symptoms (Cohen's d = 0.45, p<.001), yet were diagnosed with ADHD only two-thirds as often as Caucasian youth (OR = .66, p<.001). This pattern was not explained by teacher rating bias or by SES, but may be influenced by parent beliefs about ADHD, higher rates of risk, and lack of treatment access and utilization. Lower treatment rates may be related to high rates of classroom behavior problems among African American youth. Findings also suggest that existing assessment tools may not adequately capture ADHD manifestation in African Americans. Findings highlight the need for more investigation and awareness of relevant cultural issues to inform a culturally competent approach to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of ADHD in African Americans. PMID:19008029

Miller, Torri W.; Nigg, Joel T.; Miller, Robin L.

2015-01-01

415

Chinese and American Preschool Teachers' Beliefs about Early Childhood Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the consistency of Chinese preschool teachers' curriculum beliefs and self-reported practices, similarities and differences between American and Chinese teachers' beliefs, and associations between teachers' personal, professional and socio-cultural characteristics and curriculum beliefs. A total of 296 Chinese teachers and 146…

Wang, Jianhong; Elicker, James; McMullen, Mary; Mao, Shuyang

2008-01-01

416

Characterizing and explaining differences in cognitive test performance between African American and European American older adults  

PubMed Central

The present study examined differences in cognitive performance of African American and European American older adults on cognitive and intellectual measures, and the extent to which literacy status or reading level was useful in explaining these group differences. African American elders performed more poorly than European American elders on twelve of thirteen cognitive tests administered, p < .05. After controlling for reading level achievement, differences in performance became non-significant for five of these twelve tests. Nonetheless, some differences persisted, suggesting that other potential mediators of race differences remain to be explored in future research. PMID:18189169

Morgan, Adrienne T. Aiken; Marsiske, Michael; Whitfield, Keith E.

2007-01-01

417

Relationship between adiposity and admixture in African-American and Hispanic-American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:The objective of this study was to investigate whether differences in admixture in African-American (AFA) and Hispanic-American (HA) adult women are associated with adiposity and adipose distribution.Design:The proportion of European, sub-Saharan African and Amerindian admixture was estimated for AFA and HA women in the Women's Heath Initiative using 92 ancestry informative markers. Analyses assessed the relationship between admixture and adiposity

R Nassir; L Qi; R Kosoy; L Garcia; M Allison; H M Ochs-Balcom; F Tylavsky; J E Manson; R Shigeta; J Robbins; M F Seldin

2012-01-01

418

Associate ProfessorThe Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies (AAADS) and the Department of History at Indiana University seek to hire a scholar of  

E-print Network

Associate ProfessorThe Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies (AAADS) and the Department of History at Indiana University seek to hire a scholar of twentieth-century African American departments seek to build upon existing strengths in African American history and are especially interested

Indiana University

419

Root shock: the consequences of African American dispossession.  

PubMed

Urban renewal was one of several processes that contributed to deurbanization of American cities in the second half of the 20th century. Urban renewal was an important federal policy that affected thousands of communities in hundreds of cities. Urban renewal was to achieve "clearance" of "blight" and "slum" areas so that they could be rebuilt for new uses other than housing the poor. Urban renewal programs fell disproportionately on African American communities, leading to the slogan "Urban renewal is Negro removal." The short-term consequences were dire, including loss of money, loss of social organization, and psychological trauma. The long-term consequences flow from the social paralysis of dispossession, most important, a collapse of political action. This has important implications for the well-being of African Americans. It also raises important questions about the strength and quality of American democracy. PMID:11368205

Fullilove, M T

2001-03-01

420

African American Women and Breast Cancer: Interventions at Multiple Levels  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Cancer of the breast is the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the USA (McGregor & Antoni, 2009), with over\\u000a 200,000 cases diagnosed annually (National Cancer Institute, 2009). Approximately 40,460 women died of the disease in 2007\\u000a alone (American Cancer Society, 2009). Whereas white women are more likely than African American women to develop breast cancer\\u000a (130.6

Sarah Gehlert; Eusebius Small; Sarah Bollinger

421

Ideological Schisms about HIV\\/AIDS Helping Systems in the African American Community, With an Emphasis on Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an initial exploration about the impact of ideological beliefs on helping services in the African American community. Newly infected HIV\\/AIDS cases place African Americans at 45% of such new cases, with African American women becoming infected at a rate 18 times that of Whites. Yet, helping services that are organic to African American women should be stronger

Colita Nichols Fairfax

2010-01-01

422

Reasons for African American Student Attrition from School Psychology Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This phenomenological study used a series of three in-depth interviews with seven African American participants, for a total of 21 interviews, to explore their experiences in the specialist and doctoral level school psychology programs they left prior to obtaining a professional entry-level degree. The study's purpose was to investigate what…

Proctor, Sherrie L.; Truscott, Stephen D.

2012-01-01

423

Albert Sidney Beckham: The First African American School Psychologist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Albert Sidney Beckham was the first African American to hold the title school psychologist. This article examines the life and professional career of Beckham in the context of his contributions to the field of school psychology. It explores his graduate education, the founding of Howard University's Psychological Laboratory and his research and…

Graves, Scott L., Jr.

2009-01-01

424

Fostering Healthy Lifestyles in the African American Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately 8.3% of the U.S. population (25.8 million people) is affected by type 2 diabetes. The burden of diabetes is disproportionately greater in the African American community. Compared with non-Hispanic Caucasian adults, the risk of diagnosed type 2 diabetes was 77% higher among non-Hispanic Blacks, who are 27% more likely to die of…

Murimi, Mary; Chrisman, Matthew S.; McAllister, Tiffany; McDonald, Olevia D.

2015-01-01

425

The African American Presence in Reading Intervention Experiments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined what proportion of reading intervention experiments published in a sample of prominent, peer-reviewed education research journals evaluated the impact of the reading intervention on African American students. The last 10 years of articles from the "Reading Research Quarterly" and the "Journal of Educational Psychology" and all…

Lindo, Endia J.

2006-01-01

426

Kant's Conception of Respect and African American Education Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immanuel Kant envisioned a kind of respect in which one recognizes each human (1) as being not fully comprehensible by any human understanding, (2) as being an end in him- or herself, and (3) as being a potential source of moral law. In this essay, Gregory Lewis Bynum uses this conception of respect as a lens with which to examine African American

Bynum, Gregory Lewis

2011-01-01

427

Substance Abuse: Implications for Counseling African American Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines factors--such as unemployment, economic deprivation, racism, issues pertaining to gender roles--and their contribution to substance abuse in African American men. Specifically reviews the use of alcohol, opiates, crack, and cocaine. Argues that a biopsychosocial model offers the best framework in conceptualizing substance abuse and…

Wade, Jay C.

1994-01-01

428

Financial Aid for African Americans: 1999-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory describes more than 1,500 financial aid sources available to African American college students. An introduction explains the purpose, compilation, arrangement, and use of the directory. The directory's main body is divided into three sections: individual descriptions of the specific financial aid opportunities, an annotated…

Schlachter, Gail Ann; Weber, R. David

429

African American Child-Women: Nutrition Theory Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past research indicates a significantly higher prevalence of early sexual maturation in African American (AA) girls, which is associated with a number of psychological and behavioral problems as well as with health problems such as childhood obesity and diabetes. Both nutrition and body image perceptions have never before been empirically…

Talpade, Medha

2006-01-01

430

Trial and Lifetime Smoking Risks among African American College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed African American college students regarding cigarette use magnitude, risk factors, and predictors. Over half had smoked at least once, and 9.3 percent were lifetime smokers. More women than men smoked. For trial smoking, predictors were current residence, parent smoking status, and friends' smoking. For lifetime smoking, race/ethnicity,…

Hestick, Henrietta; Perrino, S. Carrol; Rhodes, Warren A.; Sydnor, Kim Dobson

2001-01-01

431

Urban African American Males' Perceptions of School Counseling Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a qualitative framework, researchers explored urban African American male students' perceptions of their school counselors and the ways to improve school counseling services. While participants reported positive feelings toward their school counselors, they identified specific services school counselors can offer them to optimize academic…

Owens, Delila; Simmons, Robert W., III; Bryant, Rhonda M.; Henfield, Malik

2011-01-01

432

Counseling African American Families. The Family Psychology and Counseling Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major challenge confronting the counseling profession is meeting the needs of African American families. This monograph presents a discussion of the issues involved in the clinical assessment and treatment of these families. It explores their distinct experiences as they navigate through a society often hostile towards them. Chapters include:…

Sanders, Jo-Ann Lipford, Ed.; Bradley, Carla, Ed.

433

Performances of Young African American Children on Two Comprehension Tasks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined the comprehension skills of 63 urban African-American children (ages 4-6) from middle-income homes. Performances on a task designed to elicit responses to wh-questions and another to make distinctions between active and passive sentence constructions revealed grade effects and a positive relationship to age. (Author/CR)

Craig, Holly K.; Washington, Julie A.; Thompson-Porter, Connie

1998-01-01

434

Gender and Homework Management Reported by African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study linked gender and grade level to homework management strategies and homework completion behaviours. The participants were 685 African American students in the south-eastern USA, including 370 eighth graders and 315 eleventh graders. Gender appeared related to the majority of homework measures examined in the present study.…

Xu, Jianzhong

2010-01-01

435

African American treatment advocacy funding available, May 14 deadline.  

PubMed

Glaxo Wellcome will fund advocacy initiatives designed to link HIV-positive African Americans to HIV treatment programs. Any 501(c)3 organization in the United States can submit a proposal. The grants cannot be used to provide medications or medical treatment. Portions of the Request for Proposals describing the grant objectives, criteria for selection, and the application process are reprinted. PMID:11366460

1999-05-01

436

Teaching and Learning African American History in a Multiracial Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author explores the challenges of teaching and learning African American history, a history fraught with uncomfortable implications about contemporary race relations and race-based inequalities. Drawing on various theories of anti-oppressive education, and using data from an ethnographic study conducted in one history classroom, the author…

Chikkatur, Anita

2013-01-01

437

Developmental Origins of Perfectionism among African American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study used a person-centered latent variable approach to classify types of perfectionism among 6th-grade African American children living in an urban setting. In particular, the authors were interested in determining whether an adaptive subtype could be found and validated against external criteria. The authors also attempted to…

Herman, Keith C.; Trotter, Reid; Reinke, Wendy M.; Ialongo, Nicholas

2011-01-01

438

African American Preschool Children's Physical Activity Levels in Head Start  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the physical activity levels of urban inner city preschoolers while attending Head Start, the federally funded preschool program for children from low-income families. Participants were 158 African American children. Their physical activity during Head Start days was measured using programmed RT-3…

Shen, Bo; Reinhart-Lee, Tamara; Janisse, Heather; Brogan, Kathryn; Danford, Cynthia; Jen, K-L. C.

2012-01-01

439

Gender Role Orientation and Anxiety Symptoms among African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study evaluated gender role theory as an explanation for the observed gender differences in anxiety symptoms among adolescents. Specifically, the relation between gender, gender role orientation (i.e., masculinity and femininity), self-esteem, and anxiety symptoms was examined in a community sample of 114 African Americans aged 14 to…

Palapattu, Anuradha G.; Kingery, Julie Newman; Ginsburg, Golda S.

2006-01-01

440

Exploring the Sexuality of African American Older Women  

PubMed Central

Aims To identify sexually-related themes of the sexuality of older African American women. Study Design Mixed method. Place and Duration of Study Department of Psychology, California State University Northridge, between July 2009 and June 2011. Methodology We included 13 African American older women (57 to 82 years of age), 11 of whom self-identified as heterosexual, one as bisexual, and one as lesbian. We used a semi-structured interview protocol through which we explored some aspects of the respondents’ sexuality (assessed at a superficial level, to be as tactful as possible). Moreover, we collected information on demographics and self-rated physical health. Two co-authors served as coders, and used content analysis to identify the most salient sexuality themes. Results Emerging themes were (in order from most to least endorsed): having sexual desire (often unfulfilled); engaging in less sexual activity in older age; experiencing changes in one’s sexual life as a function of absence of a spouse; and exercising control over how one’s sexual life is conducted. Motivated by the paucity of our sexuality data, we have also provided suggestions to scholars interested in conducting more in-depth further research on this topic with older African American women. Conclusion Our findings indicate that the common notion that older women are asexual is a myth, while lack of a suitable sexual partner is a problem reported by many African American older women who would otherwise enjoy sexual interaction.

Laganá, Luciana; White, Theresa; Bruzzone, Daniel E.; Bruzzone, Cristine E.

2014-01-01

441

Exposure to Chronic Community Violence: Resilience in African American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many African American communities, violence and poverty are often part of daily living. As a result, children are at risk for difficulties in all aspect of their lives, particularly their emotional well-being. This study explored the relationship between exposure to chronic community violence and the development of complex post-traumatic stress…

Jones, Janine M.

2007-01-01

442

Pubertal Maturation and African American Children's Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The association of pubertal maturation with internalizing and externalizing symptoms was examined with a sample of 867 African-American 10-12-year-old children. Children reported their pubertal development status and timing using a self-report questionnaire, and symptoms were assessed through diagnostic interviews with the children and their…

Ge, Xiaojia; Brody, Gene H.; Conger, Rand D.; Simons, Ronald L.

2006-01-01

443

Dwelling in possibility: aestheticizing identity in African American women's fiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American women writers define aesthetics through their negotiation of identity in the politicized loci of space, place and voice. In the balkanization of such issues of voice and space, we can see the ways that the emergent selfis embodied and aestheticized in literature. To do so creates a more tactile and \\

Whitney Glockner

1996-01-01

444

Risk Factors for Adolescent Pregnancy Reports among African American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined childhood and adolescent risk factors for males' reports of getting someone pregnant during adolescence. These questions were examined in an urban sample of 335 African American males involved in a prospective, longitudinal study. Childhood aggression significantly predicted reported pregnancies during adolescence. Boys who…

Miller-Johnson, Shari; C. Winn, Donna-Marie; Coie, John D.; Malone, Patrick S.; Lochman, John

2004-01-01

445

Middle-Class African-American Perceptions regarding Their Strengths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally, little attention had been paid and little research has been done pertaining to the strengths, rather than the deficits, of the African-American family. This study, guided by a holistic perspective that makes families the central unit of analysis and focuses on their strengths, investigated which variables are associated with…

Bryant-Williams, Wynona; Fannin, Ronald

446

Teaching and Doing Gender in African American Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, based on in-depth interviews with a nonrandom sample of 35 African American parents (25 mothers and 10 fathers), I explore the gender socialization of children in their families. Using the conceptual framework advanced by multiracial feminism, I explore how both race and class shape the gender ideologies and behaviors of parents. The findings reveal significant support for

Shirley A. Hill

2002-01-01

447

African American College Students: Literacy of Depression and Help Seeking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Depression is a serious public health concern in the United States affecting almost 18.8 million adults. It is a common mental disorder in college students, with estimates of 1 in 4 "experiencing an episode by age 24." African American college students are at an elevated risk for depression due to racism, stress, sleep deprivation, and lack of…

Stansbury, Kim L.; Wimsatt, Maureen; Simpson, Gaynell Marie; Martin, Fayetta; Nelson, Nancy

2011-01-01

448

Selected African-American Artists: 1859 to 1945.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an instructional resource that explores works of art by African Americans from the U.S. Civil War to the civil rights era (1859-1945). Includes reproductions and background information for each art work and artist along with questions and related art projects. (CMK)

Hallowell, Bay

2001-01-01

449

Assessing African American Adolescents' Risk for Suicide Attempts: Attachment Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates risk factors in African American adolescent suicide attempters (n=51) and nonsuicidal (n=124) adolescents. Results show that threat of separation from a parental figure, insomnia, neglect, substance abuse, suicidal ideation, and failing grades were the strongest predictors of suicide attempt. Unexpected findings include high levels of…

Lyon, Maureen E.; Benoit, Marilyn; O'Donnell, Regina M.; Getson, Pamela R.; Silber, Tomas; Walsh, Thomas

2000-01-01

450

Contextual Stress and Health Risk Behaviors among African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the longitudinal association between contextual stress and health risk behaviors and the role of protective factors in a community epidemiologically-defined sample of urban African American adolescents (N = 500; 46.4% female). Structural equation modeling was used to create a latent variable measuring contextual stress…

Copeland-Linder, Nikeea; Lambert, Sharon F.; Chen, Yi-Fu; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

2011-01-01

451

Generativity and Social Involvement among African Americans and White Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined the relation between generativity and social involvement in a sample of 253 community adults, approximately half African American and half White, between the ages of 34 and 65 years. For the sample as a whole, individual differences in generativity were positively asociated with social support from family and friends, involvement in religious activities, and political participation, and

Holly M. Hart; Dan P. McAdams; Barton J. Hirsch; Jack J. Bauer

2001-01-01

452

The Structure and Correlates of Perfectionism in African American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the structure and symptom correlates of perfectionism in a sample of 6th-grade, urban, African American children using the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale (CAPS; Flett, Hewitt, Boucher, Davidson, & Munro, 2000). Confirmatory factor analysis showed inadequate fit of the original subscales. Exploratory factor analysis…

McCreary, Beth T.; Joiner, Thomas E.; Schmidt, Norman B.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

2004-01-01

453

Predicting Relationship Stability Among Midlife African American Couples  

PubMed Central

Objective This study examined predictors of relationship stability over 5 years among heterosexual cohabiting and married African American couples raising an elementary-school-age child. The vulnerability–stress–adaptation model of relationships (Karney & Bradbury, 1995) guided the investigation. Contextual variables were conceptualized as important determinants of education and income, which in turn influence family structure, stress, and relationship quality and stability. Religiosity was tested as a resource variable that enhances relationship stability. Method Couples (N = 207) were drawn from the Family and Community Health Study. Variables assessed at Wave 1 (education, income, religiosity, biological vs. stepfamily status, marital status, financial strain, and relationship quality) were used to predict relationship stability 5 years later. Results Higher levels of education were associated with higher income, lower financial strain, and family structures that research has shown to be more stable (marriage rather than cohabitation and biological-family rather than stepfamily status; Bumpass & Lu, 2000). These variables, in turn, influenced relationship quality and stability. Religiosity, an important resource in the lives of African Americans, promoted relationship stability through its association with marriage, biological-family status, and women’s relationship quality. Conclusions Enhancing the stability of African American couples’ relationships will require changes in societal conditions that limit opportunities for education and income and weaken relationship bonds. Programs to assist couples with blended families are needed, and incorporation of spirituality into culturally sensitive relationship interventions for African American couples may also prove beneficial. PMID:22004304

Cutrona, Carolyn E.; Russell, Daniel W.; Burzette, Rebecca G.; Wesner, Kristin A.; Bryant, Chalandra M.

2012-01-01

454

Eating Disorders in African American Girls: Implications for Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the recent focus on eating disorders in children, it is imperative that counselors consider eating concerns that affect children of all racial and ethnic groups and hence are effective in working with this population. The author discusses risk factors that potentially contribute to eating disorders in African American girls given their…

Talleyrand, Regine M.

2010-01-01

455

Environmental Attitudes and Information Sources among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined the environmental attitudes of African American college students by using the 15-item New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) Scale. The author also attempted to determine their everyday environmental behaviors such as recycling and conservation and investigated major information sources for local, national, and international…

Lee, E. Bun

2008-01-01

456

NGOMA: Celebrate the Dream with African-American Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can everyone celebrate the most powerful dream (Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s) in America's history, which paved the way for civil rights, equality, and social justice? How can everyone heighten students' awareness of these civil and social issues? An increased use of African-American literature is one effective way. In this article,…

Brinson, Sabrina A.

2008-01-01

457

Predicting Relationship Stability among Midlife African American Couples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examined predictors of relationship stability over 5 years among heterosexual cohabiting and married African American couples raising an elementary-school-age child. The vulnerability-stress-adaptation model of relationships (Karney & Bradbury, 1995) guided the investigation. Contextual variables were conceptualized as…

Cutrona, Carolyn E.; Russell, Daniel W.; Burzette, Rebecca G.; Wesner, Kristin A.; Bryant, Chalandra M.

2011-01-01

458

Racism, Poverty and HIV\\/AIDS Among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Substantive evidence links racism and poverty to a host of chronic health ­conditions, adverse mental health outcomes and\\u000a excess mortality, particularly among African Americans (Brondolo, ver Halen, Pencille, Beatty, & Contrada, 2009; Harrell, Hall, & Taliaferro, 2003; Jones, 2000, 2003; Krieger, 2000, 2005; Krieger, Rowley, Hermann, Avery, & Phillips, 1993; Kwate, Valdimarsdottir, Guevarra, & Vovbjerg, 2003; Mays, Cochran, & Barnes,

Kim M. Williams; Cynthia M. Prather

459

The Voices of Five African American Children of Incarcerated Parents  

E-print Network

, the justice system, and caregivers; however, little research has been done from the view of the children themselves. With one in nine African American children having a parent in prison this study is timely; providing an in-depth view from the perspective...

Larke, Altricia

2014-05-08

460

Young Urban African American Adolescents' Experience of Discretionary Time Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study examined the daily discretionary time experiences of 246 (107 boys, 139 girls) fifth through eighth grade urban African American adolescents using the Experience Sampling Method. Relations between the types of activities (i.e., active structured, active unstructured, passive unstructured) engaged in during discretionary…

Bohnert, Amy M.; Richards, Maryse H.; Kolmodin, Karen E.; Lakin, Brittany L.

2008-01-01

461

Child Maltreatment and Delinquency Onset among African American Adolescent Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child welfare and criminology research have increasingly sought to better understand factors that increase the likelihood that abused and neglected children will become involved in the juvenile justice system. However, few studies have addressed this relationship among African American male adolescents. The current study examines the relationship…

Williams, James Herbert; Van Dorn, Richard A.; Bright, Charlotte Lyn; Jonson-Reid, Melissa; Nebbitt, Von E.

2010-01-01

462

Leadership Development and the African American Male College Student Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative interviews were employed to assess the effectiveness of a leadership program geared toward African American male personal and professional development, and to examine the relationship between program participation and connectedness. Elements of both social engagement (mentoring and being mentored, peer-to-peer relationships, and…

Oaks, D'Arcy John; Duckett, Kirstan; Suddeth, Todd; Kennedy-Phillips, Lance

2013-01-01

463

Improving the Diets of African-Americans: Challenges and Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated African Americans' dietary patterns in light of national nutrition recommendations. Questionnaires and focus groups indicated that most respondents rated their diets good or excellent, but most had unhealthy eating habits. Most had recently tried to lower fat intake. Milk, whole grains, vegetables, and water were the most difficult…

James, Delores C. S.

1998-01-01

464

African Americans and Caucasians Have a Similar Prevalence of  

E-print Network

African Americans and Caucasians Have a Similar Prevalence of Coronary Calcium in the Dallas Heart,* and the Dallas Heart Study Investigators Dallas and Houston, Texas OBJECTIVES We sought to compare the prevalence several studies have reported that coronary atherosclerosis is less prevalent in blacks than in whites

Yu, Zhaoxia

465

African-American Nomenclature: What we call ourselves and why?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strong, positive racial identification and group status have been linked to psychological health (Tajfel & Turner, 1986). Racial labels significantly influence the social connotations associated with the groups described. Self-naming is one way that Blacks work to gain a positive racial identity. However, racial labeling has inspired conflict, controversy, and confusion. The evolution of endorsement of African, Colored, Negro, Afro-American,

Kenjus T. Watson

2005-01-01

466

Age differences in death anxiety among African-American women.  

PubMed

Samples of 83 younger and 52 older African-American women completed a death anxiety scale; the younger women had significantly higher scores on the total scale, principally on items dealing with pain, loss of bodily integrity, and decomposition. PMID:10079711

Thorson, J A; Powell, F C; Samuel, V T

1998-12-01

467

Gender Differences in African American Students' Satisfaction with College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two hundred sixty-nine African American college students completed a modified version of Astin's Overall Satisfaction with College scale and Brown Scale of College Social Support, which was developed for this study. Findings indicate that the correlates and predictors of satisfaction with college vary as a function of both gender and dimension of…

Brown, Tamara L.

2000-01-01

468

Narrated Voices of African American Women in Academe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to investigate the academic experiences of selected African American women faculty and administrators employed by two-year and four-year predominantly white institutions. The sample selection was purposeful, and three faculty members and two administrators agreed to participate. Each participant was interviewed on five…

Holmes, Sharon L.

469

AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION & BYLAWS  

E-print Network

and facilitating the hiring, retention, education, mentorship and career advancement of African-American talent-President, Recording Secretary, Corresponding Secretary, Treasurer, two Member-at-Large positions (designated as Member has been affixed. ARTICLE VI - OFFICERS SECTION 1 The President, Vice-President, Recording Secretary

470

Social Cognitive Predictors of African American Adolescents' Career Interests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influence of social cognitive variables on African American adolescents' interest in environmental science. The sample consisted of 132 (57 male, 75 female) high school seniors enrolled in an urban scientific and technical high school from which 95% of graduates continue in higher education. Results of the regression…

Quimby, Julie L.; Wolfson, Jane L.; Seyala, Nazar D.

2007-01-01

471

African American Male Student-Athletes: Identity and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current research was to examine racial, male and athletic identities and their individual and collective impact on the academic performance of African American male Division I student-athletes (AAMSAs). Data was collected using the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity (MIBI), the Male Role Norms Scale (MRNS), and the…

O'Brien, Kathryn Mary

2012-01-01

472

The Role of Religiosity in African American Preadolescent Aggression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the role of parent and preadolescent religiosity in aggression among African American preadolescents with moderate to high aggression. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to determine (a) which aspects of parent and preadolescent religiosity (i.e., church attendance, private religious activities, and intrinsic…

Holmes, Khiela J.; Lochman, John E.

2012-01-01

473

African American Accounting Majors and the 150-hr Requirement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study provides information on African American accounting majors' views regarding 150-hr issues. The authors collected data from 152 students at two schools. Students at one school supported the requirement while those at the other school did not. However, students believed that the 150-hr requirement enhances the quality of certified public…

Booker, Quinton; Hill, Cecil L.; Wright, Carl

2010-01-01

474

African-American Literature: Finding Biographical and Critical Sources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to help library patrons of the Atkins Library (at the University of North Carolina Charlotte) find sources of criticism on African-American literature. The guide explains important reference sources in the reference collection of the library and how to find biographical and critical information in books and periodicals. The…

Van Noate, Judith, Comp.

475

Transitional Chapter Books: Representations of African American Girlhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a content analysis of nine transitional chapter books featuring African American females. Transitional chapter books are geared toward transitional readers--children in grades 2 through 4 who have outgrown predictable books and other types of easy readers but are not ready for more complex novels. The purpose of this study is…

McNair, Jonda C.; Brooks, Wanda M.

2012-01-01

476

African American Female Adult Learners: Motivations, Challenges, and Coping Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used data from a series of focus groups to examine the experiences of adult African American females in higher education. The article highlights participants' motivations, challenges, and sources of strength as they worked toward their academic goals. Women entered education for reasons over and beyond their own personal landscape. Their lives…

Coker, Angela D.

2003-01-01

477

African American Women's Sexual Objectification Experiences: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of our study was to investigate African American women's experiences with sexual objectification. Utilizing grounded theory methodology as well as Black feminist thought and objectification theory as the research lenses, the results of this study uncovered how racist, sexist, and classist ideologies contributed to sexual…

Watson, Laurel B.; Robinson, Dawn; Dispenza, Franco; Nazari, Negar

2012-01-01

478

Physical Activities and Sedentary Pursuits in African American and Caucasian Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to describe and compare the specific physical activity choices and sedentary pursuits of African American and Caucasian American girls. Participants were 1,124 African American and 1,068 Caucasian American eighth-grade students from 31 middle schools. The 3-Day Physical Activity Recall (3DPAR) was used to measure…

Dowda, Marsha; Pate, Russell R.; Felton, Gwen M.; Saunders, Ruth; Ward, Dianne S.; Dishman, Rod K.; Trost, Stewart G.

2004-01-01

479

Recommendations for the use of online social support for African American men.  

PubMed

African American men face greater psychosocial stressors than African American women and men of other racial and ethnic groups, which place them at higher risk for psychological distress. Yet, research suggests that African Americans are less likely to utilize professional mental health services because of their mistrust of the health care system and their need for more specialized and innovative services. Supplemental resources aimed at positive coping and social support for African American men may reduce the likelihood that they experience psychological distress, which could lead to more severe mental disorders. This article proposes the use of online social support for African American men who are in early, nonsevere stages of psychological distress. We examine the unique experiences of African American men, discuss distress among this underserved group, and finally, offer recommendations for achieving an online community for African American men. PMID:22924797

Watkins, Daphne C; Jefferson, S Olivia

2013-08-01

480

Single nucleotide polymorphisms and inherited risk of chronic lymphocytic leukemia among African Americans  

PubMed Central

The incidence of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is significantly lower in African Americans than whites, but overall survival is inferior. The biologic basis for these observations remains unexplored. We hypothesized that germline genetic predispositions differ between African Americans and whites with CLL and yield inferior clinical outcomes among African Americans. We examined a discovery cohort of 42 African American CLL patients ascertained at Duke University and found that the risk allele frequency of most single nucleotide polymorphisms known to confer risk of development for CLL is significantly lower among African Americans than whites. We then confirmed our results in a distinct cohort of 68 African American patients ascertained by the CLL Research Consortium. These results provide the first evidence supporting differential genetic risk for CLL between African Americans compared with whites. A fuller understanding of differential genetic risk may improve prognostication and therapeutic decision making for all CLL patients. PMID:22745306

Coombs, Catherine C.; Rassenti, Laura Z.; Falchi, Lorenzo; Slager, Susan L.; Strom, Sara S.; Ferrajoli, Alessandra; Weinberg, J. Brice; Kipps, Thomas J.

2012-01-01

481

Recommendations for the Use of Online Social Support for African American Men  

PubMed Central

African American men face greater psychosocial stressors than African American women and men of other racial and ethnic groups, which place them at higher risk for psychological distress. Yet, research suggests that African Americans are less likely to utilize professional mental health services because of their mistrust of the health care system and their need for more specialized and innovative services. Supplemental resources aimed at positive coping and social support for African American men may reduce the likelihood that they experience psychological distress, which could lead to more severe mental disorders. This article proposes the use of online social support for African American men who are in early, nonsevere stages of psychological distress. We examine the unique experiences of African American men, discuss distress among this underserved group, and finally, offer recommendations for achieving an online community for African American men. PMID:22924797

Watkins, Daphne C.; Jefferson, S. Olivia

2014-01-01

482

Elevated male European and female African contributions to the genomes of African American individuals.  

PubMed

The differential relative contribution of males and females from Africa and Europe to individual African American genomes is relevant to mapping genes utilizing admixture analysis. The assessment of ancestral population contributions to the four types of genomic DNA (autosomes, X and Y chromosomes, and mitochondrial) with their differing modes of inheritance is most easily addressed in males. A thorough evaluation of 93 African American males for 2,018 autosomal single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) markers, 121 X chromosome SNPs, 10 Y chromosome haplogroups specified by SNPs, and six haplogroup defining mtDNA SNPs is presented. A distinct lack of correlation observed between the X chromosome and the autosomal admixture fractions supports separate treatment of these chromosomes in admixture-based gene mapping applications. The European genetic contributions were highest (and African lowest) for the Y chromosome (28.46%), followed by the autosomes (19.99%), then the X chromosome (12.11%), and the mtDNA (8.51%). The relative order of admixture fractions in the genomic compartments validates previous studies that suggested sex-biased gene flow with elevated European male and African female contributions. There is a threefold higher European male contribution compared with European females (Y chromosome vs. mtDNA) to the genomes of African American individuals meaning that admixture-based gene discovery will have the most power for the autosomes and will be more limited for X chromosome analysis. PMID:17006671

Lind, Joanne M; Hutcheson-Dilks, Holli B; Williams, Scott M; Moore, Jason H; Essex, Myron; Ruiz-Pesini, Eduardo; Wallace, Douglas C; Tishkoff, Sarah A; O'Brien, Stephen J; Smith, Michael W

2007-01-01

483

Improved Outcomes in Diabetes Care for Rural African Americans  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Rural low-income African American patients with diabetes have traditionally poorer clinical outcomes and limited access to state-of-the-art diabetes care. We determined the effectiveness of a redesigned primary care model on patients’ glycemic, blood pressure, and lipid level control. METHODS In 3 purposively selected, rural, fee-for-service, primary care practices, African American patients with type 2 diabetes received point-of-care education, coaching, and medication intensification from a diabetes care management team made up of a nurse, pharmacist, and dietitian. In 5 randomly selected control practices matched for practice and patient characteristics, African American patients received usual care. Using univariate and multivariate adjusted models, we evaluated the effects of the intervention on intermediate (median 18 months) and long-term (median 36 months) changes in glycated hemoglobin (hemoglobin A1c) levels, blood pressure, and lipid levels, as well as the proportion of patients meeting target values. RESULTS Among 727 randomly selected rural African American diabetic patients (368 intervention, 359 control), intervention patients had a significantly greater reduction in mean hemoglobin A1c levels at intermediate (?0.5 % vs ?0.2%; P <.05) and long-term (?0.5% vs ?0.10%; P <.005) follow-up in univariate and multivariate models. The proportion of patients achieving a hemoglobin A1c level of less than 7.5% (68% vs 59%, P <.01) and/or a systolic blood pressure of less than 140 mm Hg (69% vs 57%, P <.01) was also significantly greater in intervention practices in multivariate models. CONCLUSION Redesigning care strategies in rural fee-for-service primary care practices for African American patients with established diabetes results in significantly improved glycemic control relative to usual care. PMID:23508601

Bray, Paul; Cummings, Doyle M.; Morrissey, Susan; Thompson, Debra; Holbert, Don; Wilson, Kyle; Lukosius, Eric; Tanenberg, Robert

2013-01-01

484

Ethnic Identity and Psychological Adjustment: A Validity Analysis for European American and African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research studied the role of ethnic identity as a protective factor among European American (n = 77) and African American (n = 82) adolescents identified either as high risk or successful. Adolescents participated in a multiagent, multimethod assessment of depression, internalizing and externalizing behaviors, competence, and academic…

Yasui, Miwa; Dorham, Carole LaRue; Dishion, Thomas J.

2004-01-01

485

Breadth of Extracurricular Participation and Adolescent Adjustment among African-American and European-American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the linear and nonlinear relations between breadth of extracurricular participation in 11th grade and developmental outcomes at 11th grade and 1 year after high school in an economically diverse sample of African-American and European-American youth. In general, controlling for demographic factors, children's motivation, and the…

Fredricks, Jennifer A.; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.

2010-01-01

486

The Prevalence and Context of Sexual Harassment Among African American and White American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnic differences in the prevalence, type, and outcome of sexual harassment in various work and social settings were examined in a stratified community sample of 248 African American and White American women. Almost half of the women reported sexual harassment in work and social environments. Significant ethnic differences were found in the prevalence and type of sexual harassment and in

GAIL E. WYATT; MONIKA RIEDERLE

1995-01-01

487

Clinical characteristics of African Americans vs Caucasian Americans with multiple sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: African American (AA) individuals are thought to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) less frequently than Caucasian American (CA) individuals. Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics of AA and CA patients with MS. Methods: The clinical features of MS were compared in a large retrospective cohort of AA (n 375) and CA (n 427) subjects. Results: The proportion of women to

B. A. C. Cree; O. Khan; D. Bourdette; D. S. Goodin; J. A. Cohen; R. A. Marrie; D. Glidden; B. Weinstock-Guttman; D. Reich; N. Patterson; J. L. Haines; M. Pericak-Vance; C. DeLoa; J. R. Oksenberg; S. L. Hauser

2004-01-01

488

Exposure to Community Violence and Adolescents' Internalizing Behaviors among African American and Asian American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exposure to community violence can seriously threaten healthy adolescent development. This longitudinal study examines the relationship between exposure to violence in the community and the internalizing behaviors of Asian American and African American adolescents. Data analyzed was from 901 adolescents (57.9% female and 42.1% male, and 84.7%…

Chen, Wan-Yi

2010-01-01

489

Dialect Awareness and Lexical Comprehension of Mainstream American English in African American English-Speaking Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study was designed to examine the relationships among minority dialect use, language ability, and young African American English (AAE)-speaking children's understanding and awareness of Mainstream American English (MAE). Method: Eighty-three 4- to 8-year-old AAE-speaking children participated in 2 experimental tasks. One task…

Edwards, Jan; Gross, Megan; Chen, Jianshen; MacDonald, Maryellen C.; Kaplan, David; Brown, Megan; Seidenberg, Mark S.

2014-01-01

490

Factors that Influence Career Choice among Native American and African American High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a need for research in the area of career choice of minority students in the United States. This descriptive study examined the factors that may influence Native American and African American high school students' career choices. These factors include such variables as parental educational level, family composition, and potential grade…

Bennett-Smith, Keisha K.

2011-01-01

491

African American and European American Students' Peer Groups during Early Adolescence: Structure, Status, and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on a sample of 382 African American (206 female) and 264 European American (132 female) students in diverse fourth and fifth grade classrooms, this study investigated three questions concerning the connections between peer groups and academic achievement during early adolescence: (a) How is group structure (i.e., hierarchy and cohesion)…

Wilson, Travis; Karimpour, Ramin; Rodkin, Philip C.

2011-01-01

492

Beyond the Myth of Confrontation: A Comparative Study of African and African-American Female Protagonists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes mother-daughter relations in four American and African literary works: Ama Ata Aidoo's "Anowa," Gloria Naylor's "Women of Brewster Place," Bessie Head's "Maru," and Paule Marshall's "Brown Girl Brownstones." Argues that the myth of Black mother-daughter confrontations camouflages deep-seated frustrations associated with racial and sexual…

Eko, Ebele

1986-01-01

493

Perspectives of African Americans in Rural Maryland: Are Public Elementary Schools Meeting African American Students' Needs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to learn about African American community members' perceptions regarding their satisfaction with local elementary schools in predominantly white, rural school districts in Maryland. The research was conducted in rural counties because much of the attention about the achievement gap has focused on urban areas, where necessary…

Sanchez, Melaney M.

2012-01-01

494

Symbols of menarche identified by African American females.  

PubMed

This study was conducted to identify and describe symbolic themes of menarche. The qualitative case study design was used with a purposive sample of 30 participants (15 mothers and their 15 daughters) in answering 2 questions: (a) How do 9- and 10-year-old African American girls view the meaning of their menarcheal flow?, and (b) How do African American mothers view the meaning of menarche? Data were collected through interviews 2 to 5 days after completion of menarche. A cross-case comparison analysis of the interviews revealed 4 themes: (a) vaginal bleeding, (b) sexual maturation, (c) premenarcheal sexual activity, and (d) sexual payback to fathers. With the exception of the latter all themes were supported in earlier studies of Euro-American girls. These findings indicate the need for further research addressing self-concept at menarche, impact of menarche on family relationships, and views of fathers about sexual payback as a symbol of menarche. PMID:12148831

Hawthorne, Dorothy J

2002-08-01

495

An American Headmaster in an African School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Article described the educational adventures of a headmaster from the United States who now spends two terms a year at an African school, Maru a Pula School, Gaborone, Botswana. Maru a Pula School is a four-year-old multiracial coeducational day and boarding school. (Author/RK)

Hall, Edward T.

1976-01-01

496

Risk Factors of Sexual Harassment by Peers: A Longitudinal Investigation of African American and European American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research explores risk factors for, and longitudinal associations of, sexual harassment by peers during adolescence. Eight-hundred and seventy-two African American and European American adolescents (65.4% African American, 51.1% females) were assessed during the summer after the eighth grade (mean age=14.2 years) and then again in the…

Goldstein, Sara E.; Malanchuk, Oksana; Davis-Kean, Pamela E.; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.

2007-01-01

497

Romantic Relationships among Unmarried African Americans and Caribbean Blacks: Findings from the National Survey of American Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the correlates of relationship satisfaction, marriage expectations, and relationship longevity among unmarried African American and Black Caribbean (Caribbean Black) adults who are in a romantic relationship. The study used data from the National Survey of American Life, a national representative sample of African Americans

Lincoln, Karen D.; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Jackson, James S.

2008-01-01

498

Surviving Katrina and its aftermath: evacuation and community mobilization by Vietnamese Americans and African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The flooding of New Orleans in the wake of Hurricane Katrina on 29 August 2005 uncovered critical issues in local, state, and national strategies for emergency preparedness and disaster relief. The Katrina disaster reveals the persistent racial inequality and economic disparities in American society. This paper examines the pre-Katrina socio-spatial configuration of the African-American and Vietnamese-American communities in an eastern

Wei Li; Christopher Airriess; Angela Chia-Chen Chen; Karen J. Leong; Verna M. Keith; Karen L. Adams

2008-01-01

499

African-American Literature and "Post-Racial" America. Or, You Know, Not.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1983, when the author began graduate school at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville as the only black student in the Graduate English School, it offered no graduate-level African-American Literature course. Today an undergraduate student at the University of Virginia can major in African-American and African Studies and take courses…

Blackwell, Jacqueline A.

2011-01-01

500

African American Males' Perceptions of Factors That Contribute to High School Completion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current research has focused primarily on the negative aspects of African American males and high school attainment, examining the misleading high school drop out rates among African American males rather than the steady increase in high school completion. My study explored the factors that help contribute to high school completion among African

Rainer, Samantha Marilyn

2009-01-01