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1

Community Reciprocity in the Work of African-American Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scholarship on historical and contemporary African-American teachers highlights the emphasis on community connections in their work. As such, the scholarship portrays African-American teachers almost exclusively as "givers" without fully considering what teachers derive from community connections. This paper describes a qualitative study in…

Dingus, Jeannine

2006-01-01

2

Organizational Culture and Its Impact on African American Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studied how the organizational culture of schools and the cultural values of African American teachers affect the professional experience of these teachers in schools where they are in the minority. Results for seven teachers show that the majority established the work norms, resulting in a uniformity of rules and regulations with which people of…

Madsen, Jean A.; Mabokela, Reitumetse Obakeng

2000-01-01

3

Recruiting Highly Qualified African American Teachers in American Urban Public Schools: A Qualitative Collective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the qualitative collective case study is to identify the weaknesses in the methods used to recruit highly qualified African American preservice teachers in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. The data collection process consisted of one-on-one, open-ended interview questions with 10 highly qualified African American public school…

James, LaNora Marcell

2011-01-01

4

Being and Becoming a Teacher: How African American and White Preservice Teachers Envision Their Future Roles as Teacher Advocates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article captures the life histories and professional futures of preservice teachers at three institutions of higher education. In this article, we focus on the experiences and expectations of 4 preservice teachers. We find that, although African American and White preservice teachers both see themselves as advocates for their students, they…

Mawhinney, Lynnette; Rinke, Carol R.; Park, Gloria

2012-01-01

5

Exploring the Meaning African American PETE Teacher Candidates Ascribe to Their Aquatic Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) programs typically require their graduates to learn to swim proficiently. However, the research base is underdeveloped regarding the aquatic experiences of African Americans in PETE programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning African American PETE teacher candidates ascribe to their…

Sato, Takahiro; Hodge, Samuel R.

2012-01-01

6

Teacher's Introduction to African American English, A: What a Writing Teacher Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this book, Teresa M. Redd and Karen Schuster Webb explain not only what African American English (AAE) is, but also what role it may play in students' mastery of Standard Written English. Designed especially for writing teachers, this volume is a concise, coherent, and current source that summarizes the major schools of thought about…

Redd, Teresa M.; Schuster Webb, Karen

2005-01-01

7

Educating African American Males: Examining Teacher Perceptions and Cultural Interpretations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For many decades, society has struggled with academic underachievement, particularly among African American males. Although a myriad of studies have identified significant causal factors of African American academic underachievement from the perspectives and circumstances of the student, limited studies focus on this problem from the perspective…

Rivers, Celeste A.

2010-01-01

8

A Kentucky Journey--African American Heritage. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide to the core exhibit of the Kentucky History Center (Frankfort) focuses on African American history in the commonwealth of Kentucky. The guide extracts text from seven of the exhibit's chronological areas and lists environments, displays, and other exhibit features to help students understand some of the events that shaped the African

Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort.

9

Listen to Their Teachers' Voices: Effective Reading Instruction for Fourth Grade African American Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identifies effective teaching methods that can enhance the reading skills of fourth grade African American students. Focus group interviews were conducted with 21 teachers. The teachers identified independent reading and writing, phonics and vocabulary, teacher modeling, the use of multicultural materials, engagement of parental involvement, incorporating prior knowledge, and cooperative learning as the methods they believed were most

J. Helen Perkins

2001-01-01

10

Enhancing Cultural Competence among Teachers of African American Children Using Mediated Lesson Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers investigated if early childhood teachers could become reflective practitioners when they studied culturally specific constructs within a digital collegial environment. Three female African American early childhood teachers within three different settings (a faith-based primary school, a home school, and a government-funded pre-school…

West-Olatunji, Cirecie A.; Behar-Horenstein, Linda; Rant, Jeffrey; Cohen-Phillips, Lakechia N.

2008-01-01

11

A Long Road to Travel: Narratives of African American Male Preservice Educators' Journeys through a Graduate Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ongoing research concerning African American males enrolled in teacher education programs is essential for a number of reasons. Research specifically addressing preservice teaching, teacher education, and the African American male student is needed to promote the well-being of any school of education. According to McCray, Sindelar, Kilgore,…

Jones, Shawn

2011-01-01

12

Emotion-Related Behavioral Regulation in African American Preschoolers: Social-Emotional Correlates of Teacher Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This preliminary and exploratory study examined the correlates of 5 aspects of teacher-rated emotion-related regulation (modulation, flexibility, organization, emotion-focused coping, aggressive-coping strategies) in a sample of 36 low- to middle-income African American preschoolers. Results showed that children's empathy, emotional intensity,…

Smith, Maureen C.

2004-01-01

13

Reflecting on Racism: School Involvement and Perceived Teacher Discrimination in African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationships among maternal perceptions of racial discrimination, mother-teacher relationship quality, and school involvement were examined in this sample of 73 African American mothers of kindergarteners and first graders. Mothers reported time spent in school-related activities at home, their attitudes about the importance of school…

Rowley, Stephanie J.; Helaire, Lumas J.; Banerjee, Meeta

2010-01-01

14

Reflecting on Racism: School Involvement and Perceived Teacher Discrimination in African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships among maternal perceptions of racial discrimination, mother-teacher relationship quality, and school involvement were examined in this sample of 73 African American mothers of kindergarteners and first graders. Mothers reported time spent in school-related activities at home, their attitudes about the importance of school…

Rowley, Stephanie J.; Helaire, Lumas J.; Banerjee, Meeta

2010-01-01

15

Teacher and Observer Ratings of Young African American Children's Social and Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children's social and emotional competence abilities have been linked to successful social interactions and academic performance. This study examined the teacher and observer ratings of social and emotional competence for 89 young (3- to 5-year-old), African American children from economically stressed urban environments. There was a specific…

Humphries, Marisha L.; Keenan, Kate; Wakschlag, Lauren S.

2012-01-01

16

The influence of science education professional development on African-American science teachers' conceptual change and practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conceptual change teaching as a professional development model has moved elementary science teaching beyond lecturing and the memorization of facts to science instruction congruent with the National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, 1996). However, research on the effectiveness of conceptual change teaching reveals some of its limitations. Specifically, little is known about the influence of conceptual change teaching on African American teachers' science pedagogy with African American students. This study employed case study methodology to explore the influence of science education professional development based on the conceptual change model of teaching on teachers with varying levels of science education experiences, science content knowledge, teaching experience, and leadership experience. The study addresses the following questions: (1) How do African American teachers describe the influence of a science education professional development program (Elementary Science Education Partners, ESEP) on their teaching of science to African American students? (2) How do African American teachers describe their beliefs about conceptual change teaching after participating in the ESEP program? (3) Is there a relationship between self-reported conceptual change teaching practices and actual classroom practices? and (4) Is there a relationship between self-reported changes in conceptual change teaching practices and the content of the ESEP professional development institutes? Data were obtained from classroom observations and semi-structured interviews with seven African American educators teaching in an urban school district. Findings from the study indicate that African American teachers who participated in a science education professional development program incorporated several tenets of conceptual change teaching in their science instruction. These included the use of recall questions, hands-on activities, and collaborative groups. This study also revealed that African American teachers used their knowledge of African American students' cultural experiences to teach science. The African American teachers used culturally specific analogies, praise, and motivation in ways that extended beyond their professional development training. The findings of this study have implications in educational curricula, teacher professional development, and science classroom practices.

Tucker Blackman, Angelicque

17

Writing Differences in Teacher Performance Assessments: An Investigation of African American Language and Edited American English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differential performance results occur when a specific population subgroup achieves a passing rate which is significantly lower than that of the normative reference group. African Americans do less well, in general, on all types of assessments, including constructed-response tests. The present study examined the writing styles of African American

Szpara, Michelle Y.; Wylie, E. Caroline

2008-01-01

18

The Political Economy of Teacher Quality in School MathematicsAfrican American Males, Opportunity Structures, Politics, and Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mathematics education is linked to modern technological advancement, citizenship, and matters of political economy. Access to quality mathematics teachers can have a profound influence on African American males. This article focuses on several salient issues related to the question “What is a qualified teacher?” In particular, the article describes common concerns and challenges associated with teacher quality and the advancement

William F. Tate

2008-01-01

19

An Exploratory Study of Race and Religion in the Emotional Experience of African-American Female Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines the emotional experience of five African-American female teachers in the Pacific northwest. The existing\\u000a literature on emotion rules and teachers’ emotions is referenced and critiqued for its possible misrepresentation or marginalization\\u000a of teachers of color. Using interview data, the study found that race and religion shape the emotional response of teachers.\\u000a The teachers tended to reference race

Ken Winograd

20

Identifying New Sources of African American Male Pre-Service Teachers: Creating a Path from Student-Athlete to Student-Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative research study examined the experiences of one African American former college athlete and two athletic department academic advisors at a BCS Division University in the Southern Region of the United States, Given the catastrophic shortage of African American male K-12 teachers, the participants of this study were interviewed to…

Byrd, David A.; Butler, Bettie Ray; Lewis, Chance W.; Bonner, Fred A., II; Rutledge, Michael; Watson, Jesse J.

2011-01-01

21

Multiple Case Studies of Literacy Practices Utilized by Intermediate Grade Teachers Which Enable African American Males to Become Literate Individuals--What's Going On?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate ways in which six teachers in the intermediate grades at one urban and one rural school enabled their African American male students to be successful in their literacy efforts. It was my assumption that successful teachers of African American males would also be teachers who integrated…

Wooten, Cynthia Brooks

2010-01-01

22

Affective and Social Issues among High Achieving African American Students: Recommendations for Teachers and Teacher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the author outlines affective and social issues as well as needs among high achieving African American students. In particular, he discusses high achievers in terms of: (a) urban schooling, (b) emotional and psychological experiences, (c) exclusion and isolation, (d) powerlessness, (e) token status, and (f) pigeonholing. The author posits that affective and social issues among high achieving

H. Richard Milner

2002-01-01

23

"I Want to Do the Right Thing but What Is It?": White Teachers' Experiences with African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative study examines 26 White middle school teachers' perceptions of their experiences in a predominantly White middle school with a growing African American student population. Utilizing in-depth focus group interviews, teachers elaborated on their experiences with navigating racial, ethnic and cultural boundaries as they attempted to…

Henfield, Malik S.; Washington, Ahmad R.

2012-01-01

24

Reflections on Success and Retention in Urban Science Education: Voices of Five African-American Science Teachers Who Stayed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study highlights the factors that contribute to excellence in urban science teaching as pinpointed by five urban African-American science teachers who have taught successfully in the urban system for over 10 years. These teachers shared their experiences and reflections on the qualities that contributed to their success and persistence as…

Fraser-Abder, Pamela

2010-01-01

25

A Study of Teachers, Students, and Parents' Perceptions of How School Climate Affects African-American and Latino Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationally, educational disparities have resulted in a significant achievement gap among African American and Latino students compared to European American students. Cognitive theorists including Piaget, Bruner, and Vygotsky believe that one's environment has an effect on learning. This qualitative case study examined teacher, student, and parent…

Taylor, Susan M.

2009-01-01

26

Professional development and poststructural analysis: Stories of African-American science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This interpretivist study focused on the professional development of three African American science teachers from a small rural school district, Carver School District (pseudonym), in the southeastern United States. Stories teachers shared of their experiences in teaching and learning science and in their professional development were analyzed using a feminist poststructural analysis of power, knowledge/meaning, language, and difference. For science teaching, power was viewed as a form of ownership or possession and also as effect and processes that impact teaching, learning, and professional development. Teachers through instructional practices exerted a certain amount of power in their classrooms. Teaching practices heavily influenced student learning in science classrooms. For teacher professional development, power was viewed as effecting relationships between administration, peers, and students as a shifting force within different social contexts. Science teachers were perceived as objects of the system and as active social agents who in particular relations of power acted in their best interests as they developed as science teachers. Teachers negotiated for themselves certain power relations to do as they wished for teaching science and for participating in teacher professional development activities. Power was an inherent and critically important aspect in understanding what science teachers do in their classrooms, in teaching and learning science, and in developing as science teachers. Knowledge was closely tied to relations of power in that teachers acquired knowledge about themselves, their teaching of science, and their students from their past experiences and professional development activities. Through language, interactions between teachers and students enabled or disabled access to the culture of power via instructional practices. Language was implicated in teacher professional development as a powerful force for advancing or hindering teachers professionally. The three teachers had different and similar experiences based upon race/ethnicity, gender, class, and age. Taking differences and similarities into consideration, recommendations were offered to balance relations of power in science teaching, learning, and teacher professional development through multicultural education, culturally relevant pedagogy, and feminist pedagogy for their particular teaching contexts. Feminist poststructuralism offers an alternative and critical perspective for science education research.

Moore, Felicia Michelle

2003-10-01

27

Behaviorally at-risk African American students:The importance of student–teacher relationships for student outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the associations between the student–teacher relationship and outcomes for African American students who were behaviorally at-risk for referral to special education. Students were identified by their teachers as having behavior problems. Participants were 44 students and 25 teachers from two suburban and three urban elementary schools in a mid-western state. A

Dawn M. Decker; Daria Paul Dona; Sandra L. Christenson

2007-01-01

28

A Case Study of the Historically Successful Roles of African American Teachers in Contemporary, Selected, Urban Charter Schools in New York  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine, to what degree, African American teachers in five selected, urban charter schools in New York performed the historical roles of counselor, advocate, disciplinarian, surrogate parent, and role model in, to determine how African American Teachers perceived the importance of performing the…

Benson, Shanelle R.

2010-01-01

29

African-American Biography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests sources of information for African American History Month for library media specialists who work with students in grades four through eight. Gale Research's "African-American Reference Library," which includes "African-America Biography,""African-American Chronology," and "African-American Almanac," is reviewed, and a reference activity…

Martin, Ron

1995-01-01

30

Relationships between Low-Income African American Mothers and Their Home Visitors: A Parents as Teachers Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Relationships that developed between low-income African American mothers and home visitors in a Parents as Teachers program were studied. Qualitative open-ended interviews were conducted with mothers. Results indicated that even though the program was designed to deliver the same curriculum to all parents, there were differences in the focus of…

Woolfolk, Tara N.; Unger, Donald G.

2009-01-01

31

African American Newspapers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site offer useful information concerning African American news and culture. African American Newspapers, provides a connection to over 200 listings of African American US newspapers and publications sorted by State. This provides valuable resource links for those looking to delve into African American history and culture.

1996-01-01

32

Diversity Knowledge in Science Teacher Education-Translating Concept to Instruction: An Example Specific to African Americans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science education reforms promote access to quality science education for all students. Outcome disparities in various measures indicate that such access remains elusive for African Americans. Cultural incongruence is one among many explanations for this previously described inaccessibility. The intent of this article is not to report additional research findings, but to translate the information provided in the literature into an instructional form that science teacher educators can employ in the preparation of prospective science teachers or the further development of practicing ones. Pivoting around a role play, the authors discuss communication within African American communities, its incongruence with the discourse patterns typically valued and reinforced in school science, and the importance of such knowledge for science teacher educators.

Parsons, Eileen Carlton; Foster, Stephanie; Gomillion, Crystall Travis; Simpson, Jamila Smith

2008-02-01

33

A Qualitative Study Examining the Best Practices of Effective Teachers of African American Elementary School Students in a Midwestern Urban District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is twofold. First, this research seeks to illuminate best practices of teachers who advance learning and achievement of African American students. Second, this study seeks to provide educators and administrators strategies they might utilize to increase the achievement of their African-American students in order to…

Crawford, Angelina

2011-01-01

34

"She Let Us Be Smart:" Low-Income African-American First-Grade Students' Understandings of Teacher Closeness and Influence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore low-income, African-American first-grade students' understandings of teacher closeness and influence. Several questions guided our inquiry: How do these children understand their relationships with their teachers, specifically with regard to teacher closeness and influence? To what extent are their…

Davis, Heather A.; Gabelman, Megan M.; Wingfield, Rickiah D.

2011-01-01

35

Mental Health: African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... education, employment, and health care. However, strong social, religious, and family connections have helped many African Americans ... church and community to cope. The level of religious commitment among African Americans is high. In one ...

36

Stroke and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... are several risk factors related to stroke. Some of these risk factors are: Obesity and Overweight – See Obesity and African Americans Hypertension – See Heart Disease and African Americans High ...

37

Traditional African American foods and African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional African American foods, also referred to as “soul food,” are often given a blanket label of “poor food choices.” The cultural value of these ethnic foods may be disregarded without sufficient study of their nutrient content. This study showed that of the various foods perceived as traditionally African American by the local sampled population, greens were the most often

Drucilla Byars

1996-01-01

38

Factors Influencing Elementary Teachers' Positioning of African American Girls as Science and Mathematics Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite recent progress toward gender equity in science and mathematics education, the underachievement of low-income African American girls remains a challenge when compared with their white counterparts. Furthermore, the causes of this persistent underachievement have not been explored thoroughly. We have initiated a three-year longitudinal…

Pringle, Rose M.; Brkich, Katie Milton; Adams, Thomasenia Lott; West-Olatunii, Cirecie; Archer-Banks, Diane A.

2012-01-01

39

Exploring Students' and Teachers' Perceptions of the Cultural Responsiveness in Three Programs for African American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that culturally responsive programs can embody practices that ensure successful learning outcomes for African American students. These studies indicate that successful schools for minority students integrate aspects of students' culture, history, and experiences in their programs. Research exploring the cultural mismatch between…

Edwards, Cynthia E.

2010-01-01

40

Unreflective Detachment as a Contextualized Racial Identity: A Case Study of Cultural Practices of a White Teacher in an African-American Elementary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A case study of the practices of a white teacher working in an urban elementary school with a large majority of African American students shows the problems caused by detached and unreflective teaching practice. The study emerges from a joint ethnographic research and classroom-based educational project at the school. The teacher worked with…

Siegel, Galia D.

41

Promoting Academic Achievement: The Role of Racial Identity in Buffering Perceptions of Teacher Discrimination on Academic Achievement among African American and Caribbean Black Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors examined the moderating effects of different dimensions racial identity (i.e., racial centrality and public regard) on perceptions of teacher discrimination and academic achievement among a nationally represented sample of African American and Caribbean Black adolescents. The findings revealed that perceived teacher

Thomas, Oseela N.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Faison, Nkesha; Jackson, James S.

2009-01-01

42

African-American Alcoholics  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that two million African-Americans suffer directly and indirectly from alcoholism and its related problems. Yet, because of their cultural background, African-American alcoholics do not readily accept that alcoholism is a disease. This study explores how African-American alcoholics modify the steps and traditions of AA to affiliate with the organization. Data was collected from intensive and semi-structured interviews

Arthur Durant

2005-01-01

43

African-Americans and Alzheimer's  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Living with Diverse Communities > African Americans and Alzheimer's African Americans and Alzheimer's African-Americans may be at a higher risk for Alzheimer's disease. Know the warning signs and be aware. ...

44

16 Extraordinary African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection for children tells the stories of 16 African Americans who helped make America what it is today. African Americans can take pride in the heritage of these contributors to society. Biographies are given for the following: (1) Sojourner Truth, preacher and abolitionist; (2) Frederick Douglass, abolitionist; (3) Harriet Tubman,…

Lobb, Nancy

45

An Exploratory Phenomenological Study of African American Male Pre-Service Teachers at a Historical Black University in the Mid-South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This exploratory phenomenological study was conducted to ascertain which factors caused African American male pre-service teachers to persist at a HBCU [Historically Black Colleges and Universities] in the Mid-South. The work is grounded in the conceptual framework called resiliency. Resiliency asks the question, "How do children, adolescents,…

Yates, Lucian, III; Pelphrey, Barry A.; Smith, Patricia A.

2008-01-01

46

An Exploratory Phenomenological Study of African American Male Pre-Service Teachers at a Historical Black University in the Mid-South  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory phenomenological study was conducted to ascertain which factors caused African American male pre-service teachers to persist at a HBCU in the Mid-South. The work is grounded in the conceptual framework called resiliency. Resiliency asks the question, \\

Lucian Yates; Dean Barry; Patricia A. Smith

47

Reading African-American Literature to Understand the World: Critical Race Praxis in Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teacher preparation programs have come under close scrutiny and teacher educators are being called to shift the center of gravity from traditional approaches to more transformative and urban-focused curricula that will better prepare teacher candidates (TCs) to become effective and caring teachers of diverse pupils, particularly in urban sites.…

Katsarou, Eleni

2009-01-01

48

Teaching Experiences of African American Educators in the Rural South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A scarcity of research exists regarding the voices of African American teachers who taught in the rural South. In this study, we report the life experiences, perceptions, thoughts, and feelings of three female African American educators as they pertain to their experiences teaching before, during, and after desegregation. Three female African

Polidore, Ellene; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Slate, John R.

2010-01-01

49

Diabetic nephropathy in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the number one cause of end-stage renal disease in United States and is highly prevalent in African Americans. We have found that among African Americans in Mississippi diabetic nephropathy appears to affect females more than males, which may be related to increased rates of obesity and diabetes in African American women. Glycemic control and control of

Errol D. Crook

2001-01-01

50

Coccidioidomycosis in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Coccidioidomycosis is caused by Coccidioides species, a fungus endemic to the desert regions of the southwestern United States, and is of particular concern for African Americans. We performed a PubMed search of the English-language medical literature on coccidioidomycosis in African Americans and summarized the pertinent literature. Search terms were coccidioidomycosis, Coccidioides, race, ethnicity, African, black, and Negro. The proceedings of the national and international coccidioidomycosis symposia were searched. All relevant articles and their cited references were reviewed; those with epidemiological, immunologic, clinical, and therapeutic data pertaining to coccidioidomycosis in African Americans were included in the review. Numerous studies documented an increased predilection for severe coccidioidal infections, coccidioidomycosis-related hospitalizations, and extrapulmonary dissemination in persons of African descent; however, most of the published studies are variably problematic. The immunologic mechanism for this predilection is unclear. The clinical features and treatment recommendations are summarized. Medical practitioners need to be alert to the possibility of coccidioidomycosis in persons with recent travel to or residence in an area where the disease is endemic.

Ruddy, Barbara E.; Mayer, Anita P.; Ko, Marcia G.; Labonte, Helene R.; Borovansky, Jill A.; Boroff, Erika S.; Blair, Janis E.

2011-01-01

51

African Americans and Glaucoma  

MedlinePLUS

... Over age 40 Extreme nearsightedness Diabetes Hypertension Prolonged steroid use Glaucoma occurs about five times more often in African Americans. Blindness from glaucoma is about six times more common. In ... after age 35. Why is there a difference? The reasons for the ...

52

Osteoporosis and African American Women  

MedlinePLUS

... supported by your browser. Home Osteoporosis Multicultural Communities Osteoporosis and African American Women Publication available in: PDF ( ... and Bone Health Peak Bone Mass in Women Osteoporosis and Asian American Women Osteoporosis and Asian American ...

53

How African American Parents Understand Their and Teachers' Roles in Children's Schooling and What this Means for Preparing Preservice Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preservice teachers are socialized by their own raced, classed, and gendered experiences to expect “caring parents” to behave and contribute in certain ways to their children's schooling. Preservice teachers who come from widely divergent backgrounds from the communities in which they serve can sometimes be skeptical of parents who are not involved in children's schooling in ways that are familiar

Fabienne Doucet

2008-01-01

54

"You Gotta Reach 'Em": An African American Teacher's Multiple Literacies Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teachers who utilize a multiple literacies approach to language instruction provide opportunities for students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds to become more successful learners. A multiple literacies approach fosters an atmosphere of participation that allows students to tap into the language resources and cultural…

Williams, Cynthia Hansberry

2006-01-01

55

Race, Remembering, and Jim Crow's Teachers. Studies in African American History and Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book explores a profoundly negative narrative about legally segregated schools in the United States being "inherently inferior" compared to their white counterparts. However, there are overwhelmingly positive counter-memories of these schools as "good and valued" among former students, teachers, and community members. Using interview data…

Kelly, Hilton

2012-01-01

56

Examining the Relational Processes of a Highly Successful Teacher of African American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Culturally responsive educational practices have arisen as effective means of increasing culturally diverse students' academic achievement and psychological well-being; however, the relational processes involved are not well understood. Using grounded theory, this study examines the relational processes of one culturally responsive teacher and…

Cholewa, Blaire; Amatea, Ellen; West-Olatunji, Cirecie A.; Wright, Ashley

2012-01-01

57

Engaging African American Males in Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By selecting appropriate reading materials, teachers can engage African American adolescent males with text, particularly students who have not mastered the skills, strategies, and knowledge that will lead to positive life outcomes. This approach takes into account students' four literacy needs--academic, cultural, emotional, and social--and…

Tatum, Alfred W.

2006-01-01

58

A Phenomenological Study: African-American Males in the Educational Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This phenomenological research study explored the perceptions and lived experiences of African-American male teachers related to the underrepresentation of African-American males in the teaching profession. The study was guided by four research questions. The data was collected from 15 African-American male teachers at the elementary school…

Williams, Kristopher

2012-01-01

59

Frustrations of an African-American Parent: A Personal and Professional Account.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an African-American parent's efforts to ensure that her daughter be treated fairly in a second grade classroom. Because some teachers mistakenly believe that African-American children are not capable of performing well in the classroom, these teachers may inadvertently convey lower expectations and damage African-American students'…

Boutte, Gloria S.

1992-01-01

60

The Relationship between the Percentage of African-American Teachers on Public School Secondary Campuses and the Percentage of African-American Students Passing the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills Test (TAKS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|No Child Left Behind has caused educators to take a critical look at the achievement levels of all population groups on campus. African-American student achievement can no longer be masked by the achievement levels of other student populations. Educators must develop strategies to reduce the African-American achievement gap in order to meet…

Nixon, Victor S.

2010-01-01

61

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African American,…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

62

African American Administrators and Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the issues of African American participation in the administrative ranks of the academy. The authors find that African Americans tend to hold positions that are marginal in academic organizations, lacking power and influence, and that not much has changed over recent decades. Forces influencing this condition are explored,…

Wright, Dianne; Taylor, Janice D.; Burrell, Charlotte; Stewart, Gregory

2006-01-01

63

African-Americans and Alcoholism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To better serve people in a counseling relationship, it is useful to understand them not only culturally, but demographically as well. This paper traces historical, religious, demographic aspects and treatment of alcohol abuse in African Americans. Historically, alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence have varied for African Americans. During the…

Sigmon, Scott B.

64

Diabetic nephropathy in African Americans.  

PubMed

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the number one cause of end-stage renal disease in United States and is highly prevalent in African Americans. We have found that among African Americans in Mississippi diabetic nephropathy appears to affect females more than males, which may be related to increased rates of obesity and diabetes in African American women. Glycemic control and control of blood pressure is essential to prolong renal survival and to protect against cardiovascular events. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors reduce cardiovascular mortality in diabetics and are tolerated in advanced renal disease. The impact of glycemic control, appropriate antihypertensives, and the optimal level of blood pressure control in African Americans with advanced DN require further study. This article reviews the impact, clinical characteristics, risk factors, and treatment of diabetic nephropathy in African Americans. PMID:11411748

Crook, E D

2001-06-01

65

African-American Male Stereotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

As evidenced by the last presidential campaign, the African-American male continues to be the subject of extensive stereotyping. Such stereotypes are pervasive. Reinforced by media images, the stereotypes of the African-American male as a sex crazed beast with a penchant for violence aimed at the European-American community is an obstacle to social work in a multicultural society. Individual practitioners may

Ronald E. Hall

1992-01-01

66

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

67

A Teacher's Guide to African Narratives. Studies in African Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to help secondary school teachers include African literature in their classes. It furnishes English and social studies teachers with a foundation for teaching African literature by offering critical commentary on the texts themselves. A synthesis of anthropological and historical material is presented to help both teachers

O'Brien, Sara Talis

68

Vitamin D and African Americans  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Vitamin D insufficiency is more prevalent among African Americans than other Americans and, in North America, most young, healthy blacks do not achieve optimal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations at any time of the year. This is primarily due to the fact that pigmentation reduces vitamin D...

69

Trypanosomiasis: African and American  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human African trypanosomiasis has increased in many endemic areas in recent years. It is caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense or T. b. rhodesiense, and is transmitted by the tsetse fly. Diagnosis is difficult, particularly in the West African type, in which organisms are scanty. Determination of the stage of infection (early haemolymphatic stage or late meningoencephalitic stage) is also problematic,

Sanjeev Krishna; August Stich

2005-01-01

70

Characterizing the learning styles and testing the science-related attitudes of African American middle school students: Implications for the underrepresentation of African Americans in the sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and women are underrepresented among the population of scientists and science teachers in the United States. Specifically, the shortage of African Americans teaching math and science at all levels of the educational process and going into the many science-related fields is manifested throughout the entire educational and career structure of our society. This shortage exists

Donald Ray Perine

2003-01-01

71

Technical Consulting: The African-American Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The qualitative research study explored the organizational characteristics necessary in addressing the low concentration of African American technical consultants employed in the information technology industry. Using research participants' professional experience, participants responded to a developed questionnaire. African American technical…

Whitfield, Tracy N.

2010-01-01

72

Providing Services to African American Prostituted Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the history and dynamics of African\\/African American women in prostitution beginning with the arrival of the African woman to America, her life and the obstacles she faced living in America. We discuss treatment philosophy and services offered by Breaking Free, a Minneapolis organization offering services to African American prostituted women.

Vednita Carter

2004-01-01

73

African American Males. A Critical Link in the African American Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African Americans are experiencing extreme stress in the United States, and African-American males appear to suffer the most. The chapters in this volume examine some of the issues confronting African-American men today. They include: (1) "Introduction" (Dionne J. Jones); (2) "Reaffirming Young African American Males: Mentoring and Community…

Jones, Dionne J., Ed.

74

Engaging African American Males for Educational Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there is some research addressing gifted African American children who attend K-12 schools, few studies address high-achieving and gifted African American male college students. Moreover, the vast majority of research highlighting the schooling of African American students focuses on their negative educational outcomes instead of their…

Hughes, Robin L.

2010-01-01

75

Health Concerns for African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American youth today face many challenges that can result in poor decisions and lead to high risk behavior. This nation has experienced a decrease in the number of teen pregnancies, but among African American youth the rates are still too high. African American youth also struggle with alcohol and drug addiction and limited access to health care. In short,

Stanley F. Battle

2002-01-01

76

Who Will Teach African American Youth?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disparities between Whites and African Americans exist in many areas in U.S. society. These disparities are exacerbated by social ills, including the Persian Gulf conflict. Positive change on the part of African American educators is required to combat these problems. The following four postulates for teaching African American youth are provided:…

Gill, Wali

77

Correlates of Wellbeing Among African American Lesbians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is a growing body of knowledge about health among African American women in general, there is a dearth of information on African American lesbians. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the correlates of health-related quality of life among African American lesbians using a cross-sectional anonymous survey with topics and measures developed by members of the

Suzanne L. Dibble; Michele J. Eliason; Brenda Crawford

2012-01-01

78

Freedom Road: Adult Education of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains six chapters by various authors about the history of African Americans' contributions and participation in adult education. The book reports on how some African American leaders saw the connection between education and the eventual freedom or uplift of the African American people. Following a foreword (Phyllis M. Cunningham)…

Peterson, Elizabeth A., Ed.

79

Cultural Knowledge in African American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fifty-eight African American children (grades 4-6) responded to the Test of Core Knowledge, a divergent task that required free associations about mainstream and African American topics. Participants' knowledge of both mainstream and African American cultural items increased significantly between grades 4 and 5. (Contains references.) (CR)|

Bradford, Angela C.; Harris, Joyce L.

2003-01-01

80

African American Female Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the responses of ninety-eight female respondents to a survey on job satisfaction of librarians of African descent employed in seventy-nine Association of Research Libraries (ARL) academic libraries in relation to other gender studies on job satisfaction of librarians. Dependent variables are race, age, years of experience and years at present institution. This article also provides information about

Joyce K. Thornton

2001-01-01

81

African American Men in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is a much-needed resource that includes examples of real-world programs and activities to enhance academic success in the college environment for African American men. The examples are collected from a variety of institutions across the country. With contributions from leading practitioners and scholars in the field, this book explores…

Cuyjet, Michael J., Ed.

2006-01-01

82

Classic African American Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to assert that there are classic African American children's books and to identify a sampling of them. The author presents multiple definitions of the term classic based on the responses of children's literature experts and relevant scholarship. Next, the manner in which data were collected and analyzed in regard to…

McNair, Jonda C.

2010-01-01

83

Mental Health and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

Poverty level affects mental health status. African Americans living below the poverty level, as compared to those over twice the poverty level, are 3 ... compared to 120% of Non-Hispanic Whites. 1 MENTAL HEALTH STATUS: Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years ...

84

African Americans and multicultural interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a Multicultural Communication Process Model for increasing multicultural competence. Incorporating social work values and practice theory, research findings, and principles of communication theory, the model defines a specific process for intervention with and by African Americans. The process is twofold. First, the practitioner uses the components of the model to guide his own individualized study and growth

Joyce O. Beckett; Leavelle Cox; Alfrieda Daly

1997-01-01

85

Culturally Relevant Collective Responsibility among Teachers of African-American Students in a High Poverty Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a construct of collective responsibility which is evident when teachers believe that increased teacher efforts result in increased student learning. The group of teachers in a school that believe their efforts are crucial in the learning process, and are willing to take responsibility for all students, regardless of the students'…

Gant, Monica Minor

2010-01-01

86

Urban Special Education Teachers' Perception of African American Students as Measured by the Cultural Awareness Beliefs Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, this study examined the relationship between the perceptions of special education teachers and the eight factors (Teacher Beliefs, School climate, Culturally responsive Classroom Management, Home and Community Support, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum and Instruction, Cultural Sensitivity and Teacher

Jackson, Dianna Dale

2010-01-01

87

African Americans and Smoking  

MedlinePLUS

... for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey Raw Data, 2008. Analysis by the American Lung Association, Research and Program Services Division using SPSS software. 4. Ibid. 5. Hebert, JR. Invited Commentary: ...

88

Characterizing the admixed African ancestry of African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Accurate, high-throughput genotyping allows the fine characterization of genetic ancestry. Here we applied recently developed statistical and computational techniques to the question of African ancestry in African Americans by using data on more than 450,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) genotyped in 94 Africans of diverse geographic origins included in the HGDP, as well as 136 African Americans and 38 European

Fouad Zakharia; Analabha Basu; Devin Absher; Themistocles L Assimes; Alan S Go; Mark A Hlatky; Carlos Iribarren; Joshua W Knowles; Jun Li; Balasubramanian Narasimhan; Steven Sidney; Audrey Southwick; Richard M Myers; Thomas Quertermous; Neil Risch; Hua Tang

2009-01-01

89

Conceptual Change and Science Achievement Related to a Lesson Sequence on Acids and Bases Among African American Alternative High School Students: A Teacher's Practical Arguments and the Voice of the "Other"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of teaching and learning during the period of translating ideals of reform into classroom practice enables us to understand student-teacher-researcher symbiotic learning. In line with this assumption, the purpose of this study is threefold:(1) observe effects of the Common Knowledge Construction Model (CKCM), a conceptual change inquiry model of teaching and learning, on African American students' conceptual change and achievement; (2) observe the shift in teacher's practical arguments; and (3) narrate the voice of "the Other" about teacher professional learning. This study uses retrospective data from a mixed-method approach consisting of Phenomenography, practical arguments and story-telling. Data sources include audio-recordings of a chemistry teacher's individual interviews of her students' prior- and post-intervention conceptions of acids and bases; results of Acid-Base Achievement Test (ABA-T); video-recordings of a chemistry teacher's enactment of CKCM acid-base lesson sequence; audio-recordings of teacher-researcher reflective discourse using classroom video-clips; teacher interviews; and teacher and researcher personal reflective journals. Students' conceptual changes reflect change in the number of categories of description; shift in language use from everyday talk to chemical talk; and development of a hierarchy of chemical knowledge. ABA-T results indicated 17 students in the experimental group achieved significantly higher scores than 22 students in the control group taught by traditional teaching methods. The teacher-researcher reflective discourse about enactment of the CKCM acid-base lesson sequence reveals three major shifts in teacher practical arguments: teacher inadequate preparedness to adequate preparedness; lack of confidence to gain in confidence; and surface learning to deep learning. The developing story uncovers several aspects about teaching and learning of African American students: teacher caring for the uncared; cultivating student and teacher confidence; converting dependence on teacher and self to peer interdependence. The study outlines six implications: caring conceptual change inquiry model for the often unreached mind; developing simple chemical talk into coherent chemical explanation; using CKCM for alternative high school students' conceptual change and achievement; engaging teachers in elicitation and appraisal of practical arguments for reconstruction of beliefs; overcoming challenges in teacher practical argument research; and "storytelling" as a way of unpacking teacher transformation amidst complexities of classroom teaching and learning.

Wood, Lynda Charese

90

The historical progression and current condition of African American education in Maury County, Tennessee from slavery until 1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to chronicle and evaluate the historical progression of education for African Americans in Maury County from slavery until 1998. A brief historical sketch of African American education in the South was chronicled and several methodologies were utilized to determine the current condition of African American students and teachers in Maury County. ^ The historical

Joe Patrick Cornelius

1999-01-01

91

Critical Readings: African American Girls and Urban Fiction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this writing is to introduce the reader to the urban fiction genre, explore why adolescent African American girls may be engaging with novels from the genre, and how teachers may be able to use texts from the genre to increase literacy skills.|

Gibson, Simone

2010-01-01

92

The portrayal of African American women in rap music video  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the portrayal of African American women in African American dominated rap music videos for the presence of African American female sex role stereotypes. The literature review included an historical overview tracing African American female stereotypes in American media utilizing an Africentric Feminist ideology. The review detailed descriptions and origins of stereotypes related to negative characterizations of African

Darnell Anderson

1999-01-01

93

Some African American Males' Perspectives on the Black Woman.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents views of Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Malcolm X, and James Hal Cone (African-American male leaders) toward African-American women in the United States. Discusses the role of African-American men in addressing and eradicating sexism in African-American churches and the African-American community. (SLD)|

Burrow, Rufus, Jr.

1992-01-01

94

African-American Women in the Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at the perceptions and professional perspectives of African-American female EAPs who work with African-American women in various industries. It provides an exploration into the attitudes of African-American women about several workplace and personal issues including: sexual harassment and discriminationracial discriminationcareer opportunitieswork assignment disparityorganization culture and sensitivityorganizational supports These concerns have been examined against a backdrop of actual

Barbara McKinney Jackson

1994-01-01

95

Is NASH underdiagnosed among African Americans?  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE:Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are considered risk factors for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and cryptogenic cirrhosis. Because obesity and type 2 diabetes are prevalent among African American females by the 5th and 6th decades, one would expect an increased number of African Americans among patients with NASH and cryptogenic cirrhosis.METHODS:We determined the percentage of patients of African American and

Stephen H. Caldwell; Danielle M. Harris; James T. Patrie; Elizabeth E. Hespenheide

2002-01-01

96

Hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans versus Caucasians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans versus Caucasians.BackgroundExtensive global glomerulosclerosis (GS) has been reported in African Americans with hypertension and renal insufficiency, far exceeding that in Caucasians. To assess and compare severity and phenotype of injury in biopsied African Americans and Caucasians who morphologically had hypertensive nephrosclerosis, we performed a retrospective biopsy study.MethodsAll renal biopsies with a histological diagnosis of hypertensive

Carmelita Marcantoni; Li-Jun Ma; Charles Federspiel; Agnes B Fogo

2002-01-01

97

Diabetic nephropathy in African-American patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the number one cause of endstage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States and is highly prevalent\\u000a in African Americans. Since 1997, DN has been the number one cause of ESRD in African Americans. In African Americans, almost\\u000a all DN is due to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and nephropathy may affect female more than male

Errol D. Crook; Sejal R. Patel

2004-01-01

98

Diabetes in African Americans: Unique pathophysiologic features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Type 2 diabetes is an increasing public health problem among African Americans, especially children. Several features make\\u000a type 2 diabetes among African Americans unique. First, African-American adults with type 2 diabetes, or Flatbush diabetes,\\u000a present with diabetic ketoacidosis. Patients are insulin resistant with acute, severe defects in insulin secretion and no\\u000a islet cell autoantibodies. Following treatment, some insulin secretory capacity

Mary Ann Banerji

2004-01-01

99

African American girls and the challenges ahead.  

PubMed

The research on the psychosocial development of African American girls is limited. Information that is available focuses on teen pregnancy and health issues such as nutrition and physical activity. African American girls are facing challenges, including poverty, crime, poor self-esteem, and peer pressure. Despite some of the negative characteristics attributed to African American girls, many are achieving some success. Policy makers and service providers need to recognize the resiliency and unique needs of African American girls and develop services that ensure their needs are being fully met. PMID:12413107

Rozie-Battle, Judith L

2002-01-01

100

African-American Student Response to Images of African-Americans in Children's Picture Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated African-American student response to images of African-Americans in picture books. Study participants included 20 fifth-grade students, 9 girls and 11 boys. The study used five picture books featuring African-Americans as main characters and ranked the books on a continuum from "most positive" to "most negative" images.…

McKenzie, Ray D.; Johnstone, Adrienne

101

African American Therapists Working with African American Families: An Exploration of the Strengths Perspective in Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the exception of Hill's (1971, 1999) work, historically much of the literature on African American families has focused more on pathology than strengths. This study used interviews with 30 African American psychotherapists, self-identified as employing a strengths perspective with African American families, to investigate which strengths…

Bell-Tolliver, Laverne; Burgess, Ruby; Brock, Linda J.

2009-01-01

102

Preparing White Undergraduate Pre-Service Teachers to Teach African-American Students: What Does It Take?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A strong appreciation and knowledge of diverse cultures is vital in delivering what the Association for Childhood Education International position paper identifies as the curricular areas that should be addressed in a preparation program for teachers of young children. Thus, undergraduates must develop: 1) an acquaintance with great music, art and literature, 2) a knowledge of health, safety and nutrition,

Frances Y. Lowden

1998-01-01

103

HYPERTENSION TELEMANAGEMENT IN AFRICAN AMERICANS  

PubMed Central

Background We propose evaluation of a multi-component home automated telemanagement (HAT) system providing integrated support to both clinicians and patients in implementing hypertension treatment guidelines. Methods In a randomized clinical study 550 African Americans with hypertension are followed for 18 months. The major components of the intervention and control groups are identical and are based on the current standard of care. For the purpose of this study, we define “standard of care” as the expected evidence-based care provided according to the current hypertension treatment guidelines. While intervention and control groups are similar in terms of their care components, they differ in the mode of care delivery. For the control group the best attempt is made to deliver all components of a guideline-concordant care in a routine clinical environment whereas for the intervention group the routine clinical environment is enhanced with Health Information Technology (IT) that assists clinicians and patients in working together in implementing treatment guidelines. The HAT system guides patients in following their individualized treatment plans and helps care coordination team in monitoring the patient progress. The study design is aimed at addressing the main question of this trial: whether the addition of the IT-enhanced care coordination in the routine primary care setting can improve delivery of evidence-based hypertension care in African Americans. The outcome parameters include quality of life, medical care utilization, treatment compliance, psychosocial variables and improvement in blood pressure control rates. Conclusions The trial will provide insight on the potential impact of IT-enhanced care coordination in African Americans with poorly controlled hypertension.

Finkelstein, Joseph; Cha, Eunme

2009-01-01

104

African-American Voices in Young Adult Literature: Tradition, Transition, Transformation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains a collection of 14 original essays. The purpose of the book is to inform teachers, librarians, and other professionals working with young people about aspects of African-American literature and to stimulate further thinking about this literature. After an introduction, chapters in the book are: (1) "African-American Young Adult…

Smith, Karen Patricia, Ed.

105

Pathways to Teaching: African American Male Teens Explore Teaching as a Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for African American male teachers is clear; however their pathway to teaching is in disrepair. This article shares research findings and a description of a pre-collegiate course designed to encourage high school students of color, including African American males, to explore teaching. More specifically, drawing from survey and interview…

Bianco, Margarita; Leech, Nancy L.; Mitchell, Kara

2011-01-01

106

Pathways to Teaching: African American Male Teens Explore Teaching as a Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The need for African American male teachers is clear; however their pathway to teaching is in disrepair. This article shares research findings and a description of a pre-collegiate course designed to encourage high school students of color, including African American males, to explore teaching. More specifically, drawing from survey and interview…

Bianco, Margarita; Leech, Nancy L.; Mitchell, Kara

2011-01-01

107

Stony the Road They Trod: The African American Male. Runta (Truth).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stereotypes of the African American male in the popular media have imprinted a harsh and unflattering image in the public consciousness that has negatively affected the self-image of African Americans. Additionally, those stereotypes affect the decision making of employers, police officers, teachers, and other authority figures, resulting in a…

Johnson, Jeffery M.; Watson, Betty Collier, Ed.

1990-01-01

108

Educational Equality and Excellence: Perceptual Barriers to the Dream. Selected Essays on Educating African American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Essays in this collection explore the education of African American children. More attention is required to the ways African American children are taught. The ways teachers teach profoundly affect the ways students perceive what is being taught. These perceptions have an impact on students' internal motivations for accepting and learning new…

Thomas, Cornell

109

Educational Equality and Excellence: Perceptual Barriers to the Dream. Selected Essays on Educating African American Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays in this collection explore the education of African American children. More attention is required to the ways African American children are taught. The ways teachers teach profoundly affect the ways students perceive what is being taught. These perceptions have an impact on students' internal motivations for accepting and learning new…

Thomas, Cornell

110

Environmental health and African Americans.  

PubMed Central

As environmental health has taken on immensely increased significance in the prevention of disease, dysfunction, and premature death, its boundaries have been anything but stable. This instability, along with a multitude of demographic, social, and economic currents, have brought into stark relief the increasing demand for scientists who have the skills and knowledge to perform environmental risk assessment and implement effective risk management policies and services. Despite this demand far too few African Americans want, or are prepared, to pursue careers in sciences. This paper describes efforts to address this problem and suggests why such initiatives may not yield the desired results.

Walker, B

1991-01-01

111

African Expressions in Hispano-American Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This revised version of a lecture on the relationship of African language and Hispano-American literature illustrates the historical influence of the African slave on representative literature and modern culture of the Caribbean Islands. Introductory remarks focus on the migratory patterns of the African slaves. The concept of negritude is then…

Coleman, Ben C.

112

Help-Seeking Experiences and Attitudes among African American, Asian American, and European American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined African American, Asian American, and European American college students’ previous direct and indirect\\u000a experiences of seeking professional psychological services and related attitudes. Survey data were collected from 254 European\\u000a American, 182 African American and 82 Asian American college students. Results revealed that fewer African American and Asian\\u000a American college students had sought professional psychological services, knew someone

Akihiko Masuda; Page L. Anderson; Michael P. Twohig; Amanda B. Feinstein; Ying-Yi Chou; Johanna W. Wendell; Analia R. Stormo

2009-01-01

113

The African American Woman. Runta (Truth).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The African American woman has commanded widespread public attention, but popular misconceptions of her socioeconomic role and status differ sharply from her actual situation. The following basic characteristics of the contemporary African American woman, drawn from census figures, are outlined: (1) demographically, females comprise a majority of…

Jackson, Monica L.; Watson, Betty Collier, Ed.

1989-01-01

114

African Americans in the Early Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses five topics on African Americans that are essential to studying United States History in the years between 1760 and 1830: (1) African Americans in the Revolutionary War ; (2) the rise of free black communities; (3) early abolitionism; (4) the spread of slavery; and (5) black resistance to slavery. (CMK)|

Nash, Gary B.

2000-01-01

115

Violence Against African Americans in Corporate America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing numbers of African Americans are entering the corporate workplace and becoming vulnerable targets for insidious, devastating and punishing forms of abusive behavior exhibited at all levels in America's corporate structures. This article explores violence against African Americans who are attempting to climb the “crystal staircase” in these formal organizations. A model is proposed to assist black executives survive hostile

Alicia Isaac; Letha A. See

2001-01-01

116

Depression, Sociocultural Factors, and African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors discuss depression in African American women from a sociocultural perspective, including aspects of oppression and racism that affect symptom manifestation. The authors highlight John Henryism as a coping mechanism, the history and continuing role of the African American church as a safe haven, and strategies for culturally competent…

Hunn, Vanessa Lynn; Craig, Carlton David

2009-01-01

117

African American hypertensives: Cognition and self care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem. While evidence is present supporting aging and hypertension's association with cognitive decline, few, if any, studies have related cognition, self-care, and blood pressure outcomes in African American elders with hypertension. Purpose. The purposes of this study were to: (a) describe types of cognitive functions in elder hypertensive African Americans, (b) test relationships among concepts in a mid-range theory derived

Kay Louise Klymko

2006-01-01

118

African American Muslim Women: An Invisible Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is written about Islam and African American women or men from a psychosocial perspective. Most of the literature is on the historical and political development of the Nation of Islam, and the differences among the male leaders. This focus obscures the fact that the majority of African Americans Muslims belong to traditional Islamic groups. Drawing upon a variety of

Karen Fraser Wyche

2004-01-01

119

Proteinuria and hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proteinuria and hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans. Proteinuria is a known risk factor for both renal disease progression and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive populations. African Americans are among the highest risk groups for development of renal disease in the setting of hypertension and suffer a disproportionate burden of end-stage renal disease attributed to hypertension. Population-based studies indicate that

Robert D. Toto

2004-01-01

120

African Americans in the Early Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses five topics on African Americans that are essential to studying United States History in the years between 1760 and 1830: (1) African Americans in the Revolutionary War ; (2) the rise of free black communities; (3) early abolitionism; (4) the spread of slavery; and (5) black resistance to slavery. (CMK)

Nash, Gary B.

2000-01-01

121

Grass Roots: African Origins of an American Art  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Organized by the Museum for African Art, New York, and presented online by the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art, Grass Roots is a history of 300 years of African basket making, brought by African people to the American South. The grasses that grow in the marshes along the Atlantic coast in the Southern United States, where African slaves were brought to work on rice plantations, were ideal for making coiled baskets, similar to the ones they'd made in Africa. The plantation system of rice growing required large numbers of several particular shapes of work baskets, including flat trays for winnowing, or removing chaff from the grain, and carrying baskets. The web resource includes an 86-page teachers' guide with activities for students from grades 3 - 12, and additional images of the baskets.

122

African-Americans and serial homicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

African-Americans are usually over-represented among offenders arrested in “normal” homicide cases, making up a considerably\\u000a larger proportion than would be expected from the Black presence in the population at large. Among serial murderers, however,\\u000a African-Americans are much less in evidence—perhaps one-fifth or less of known American serial killers are Black. It may be\\u000a that African-Americans are in fact less involved

Philip Jenkins

1993-01-01

123

"Our Family Business Was Education": Professional Socialization among Intergenerational African-American Teaching Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teacher socialization is primarily examined as an institutional-based phenomenon, with particular focus on individuals' PK-12 schooling experiences, teacher education programs, or workplace-based socialization. This study situates professional socialization experiences of African-American teachers within teaching families, examining how…

Dingus, Jeannine E.

2008-01-01

124

Characterizing the learning styles and testing the science-related attitudes of African American middle school students: Implications for the underrepresentation of African Americans in the sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and women are underrepresented among the population of scientists and science teachers in the United States. Specifically, the shortage of African Americans teaching math and science at all levels of the educational process and going into the many science-related fields is manifested throughout the entire educational and career structure of our society. This shortage exists when compared to the total population of African Americans in this country, the population of African American students, and to society's demand for more math and science teachers and professionals of all races. One suggestion to address this problem is to update curricular and instructional programs to accommodate the learning styles of African Americans from elementary to graduate school. There is little in the published literature to help us understand the learning styles of African American middle school students and how they compare to African American adults who pursue science careers. There is also little published data to help inform us about the relationship between learning styles of African American middle school students and their attitudes toward science. The author used a learning styles inventory instrument to identify the learning style preferences of the African American students and adults. The preferences identified describe how African American students and African American adult science professionals prefer to function, learn, concentrate, and perform in their educational and work activities in the areas of: (a) immediate environment, (b) emotionality, (c) sociological needs, and (d) physical needs. The learning style preferences for the students and adults were not significantly different in key areas of preference. A Test of Science-Related Attitudes (TOSRA) was used to measure seven distinct science-related attitudes of the middle school students. A comparison of the profile of the mean scores for the students in this study to a national norm, comprised of students of all races, showed no significant differences. The attitudes that African American middle school students have toward science are influenced by science professionals (role models), their parents, and their teachers. This correlates directly with the high preference for Parent Motivated and Teacher Motivated learning style preferences.

Perine, Donald Ray

125

Assessing spirituality in mentally ill African Americans.  

PubMed

The case scenario illustrates the advantage of using spirituality as a tool for recovery when working with mentally ill African American clients. Often spiritual and clinical perspectives are seen as contradictory. But for African Americans, these perspectives can be mutually reinforcing. Spirituality can serve as a resource of strength. It can provide emotional consolation, inspiration, guidance, and security. It can foster personal responsibility, identity, respect for ethical codes and community building. Mental Health professionals who use spirituality as a tool for recovery can expect to have better client outcomes when working with African Americans than those who do not. PMID:18402348

Perdue, Bobbie; Johnson, Deanna; Singley, Doretha; Jackson, Cheylon

2006-01-01

126

Womanist Therapy with African American Women with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American women are at increased risk for disabilities. There is very little information available, however, regarding psychological interventions with African American women with disabilities. The purpose of this article is to discuss psychological intervention in working with African American women with acquired disabilities from a womanist perspective. Themes and interventions will be discussed. Recommendations for working with African American

Nina A. Nabors; Melanie F. Pettee

2003-01-01

127

African American Giftedness: Our Nation's Deferred Dream.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses issues that have perpetuated the underrepresentation of African Americans in gifted and talented programs, which include: inadequate definitions, standardized testing, nomination procedures, learning style preferences, family and peer influences, screening and identification, and gifted underachievers. Concludes by discussing…

Bonner, Fred A., II

2000-01-01

128

Poverty and Ecology of African American Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The goal of the project was to contribute to the developmental literature by examining the ecological, situational, and cultural factors that shape behavior and set African-American children on certain development trajectories. Data was collected from 400...

P. J. O'Campo M. O'Brien Caughy

2000-01-01

129

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

MedlinePLUS

... in the African American population • Culture biases against mental health professionals and health care professionals in general prevent ... disadvantage in terms of accessing both medical and mental health care: in 2006, one-third of working adult ...

130

The landscape of recombination in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recombination, together with mutation, gives rise to genetic variation in populations. Here we leverage the recent mixture of people of African and European ancestry in the Americas to build a genetic map measuring the probability of crossing over at each position in the genome, based on about 2.1 million crossovers in 30,000 unrelated African Americans. At intervals of more than

Anjali G. Hinch; Arti Tandon; Nick Patterson; Yunli Song; Nadin Rohland; Cameron D. Palmer; Gary K. Chen; Kai Wang; Sarah G. Buxbaum; Ermeg L. Akylbekova; Melinda C. Aldrich; Christine B. Ambrosone; Christopher Amos; Elisa V. Bandera; Sonja I. Berndt; Leslie Bernstein; William J. Blot; Cathryn H. Bock; Eric Boerwinkle; Qiuyin Cai; Neil Caporaso; Graham Casey; L. Adrienne Cupples; Sandra L. Deming; W. Ryan Diver; Jasmin Divers; Myriam Fornage; Elizabeth M. Gillanders; Joseph Glessner; Curtis C. Harris; Jennifer J. Hu; Sue A. Ingles; William Isaacs; Esther M. John; W. H. Linda Kao; Brendan Keating; Rick A. Kittles; Laurence N. Kolonel; Emma Larkin; Loic Le Marchand; Lorna H. McNeill; Robert C. Millikan; Solomon Musani; Christine Neslund-Dudas; Sarah Nyante; George J. Papanicolaou; Bruce M. Psaty; Alex P. Reiner; Stephen S. Rich; Jorge L. Rodriguez-Gil; Jerome I. Rotter; Benjamin A. Rybicki; Ann G. Schwartz; Lisa B. Signorello; Margaret Spitz; Sara S. Strom; Michael J. Thun; Margaret A. Tucker; Zhaoming Wang; John K. Wiencke; John S. Witte; Margaret Wrensch; Xifeng Wu; Yuko Yamamura; Krista A. Zanetti; Wei Zheng; Regina G. Ziegler; Xiaofeng Zhu; Susan Redline; Joel N. Hirschhorn; Brian E. Henderson; Herman A. Taylor Jr.; Alkes L. Price; Hakon Hakonarson; Stephen J. Chanock; Christopher A. Haiman; James G. Wilson; David Reich; Simon R. Myers

2011-01-01

131

History of African Americans to 1865  

Microsoft Academic Search

his course examines the history of African Americans from the origins of slavery in America through the death of slavery during the Civil War. How could anyone (let alone the Founding Fathers) have traded human beings as chattel? How did African-descended people in America come to be both part of and yet perpetually marginalized in America? What does this say

Patrick Rael

132

Archives of African American Music and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Indiana University's Archives of African American Music and Culture (AAAMC) contains a searchable and browsable collection of bibliographic records of its over 2500 sound recordings and 200 video cassettes, as well as a searchable-only collection of bibliographic records of its photographic archive. It also contains information about its Undine Smith Moore Collection of Original Scores and Manuscripts of Black Composers. AAAMC's usage policy is on the home page, as well as selected links to other African American Internet resources.

Culture., Indiana U.

1998-01-01

133

Celiac Disease in African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Celiac disease is generally under diagnosed in the United States and it is unclear whether the disease is encountered in ethnic minorities. Our purpose is to describe a case series of African-American patients with celiac disease. Nine (1.3%) African-American patients with celiac disease were identified from a prospectively generated database of 700 patients with biopsy proven celiac disease and seen

Pardeep Brar; Ann R. Lee; Suzanne K. Lewis; Govind Bhagat; Peter H. R. Green

2006-01-01

134

Acute Coronary Syndrome in African Americans and Hispanic Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among African Americans and Hispanics in the United States, coronary heart disease (CHD) is highly prevalent and is the single\\u000a most frequent cause of myocardial infarction and death in that population [1]. However, multiple factors contribute to overall\\u000a poorer care and worse outcomes among African Americans and Hispanics when compared with whites. These factors include difference\\u000a in disease manifestation, socioeconomic

Tseday Sirak; Simbo Chiadika; Matthew Daka; Claude Simon

135

Mayo's Older African American Normative Studies: Auditory Verbal Learning Test norms for African American Elders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) is frequently used in clinical practice to assess for memory dysfunction in the elderly. As part of the Mayo Older African Americans Normative Studies (MOAANS), we provide age and education adjusted normative data for the AVLT. The sample consists of 306 self-identified African Americans who are cognitively normal, community-dwelling and ranging in age from

Tanis J. Ferman; John A. Lucas; Robert J. Ivnik; Glenn E. Smith; Floyd B. Willis; Ronald C. Petersen; Neill R. Graff-Radford

2005-01-01

136

Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2009-01-01

137

The Pedagogy of African American Parents: Learning from Educational Excellence in the African American Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative study of how parents teach their children to excel academically in the African American community seeks to establish the validity of the pedagogical practices of working class African American families by investigating the educational leadership of two families on Chicago's south side. The study acknowledges the significance of…

Watkins, Audrey P.

2006-01-01

138

Research with African Americans: Lessons Learned about Recruiting African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors briefly explore literature related to recruiting African American research participants, reflect on their experiences conducting body image research with a sample of African American college women in an earlier study (S. Kashubeck-West et al., 2008), and discuss some methodological and cultural challenges that they encountered during…

Coker, Angela D.; Huang, Hsin-Hsin; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2009-01-01

139

African-American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network, Number 19  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Issue 19 (Early Winter 1997) of the African - American Archaeology: Newsletter of the African-American Archaeology Network has been posted by the publisher, New South Associates. Contents include a case study on Slavery and Consumerism, notices of current excavations and research, Internet resources, book reviews and notes, and professional news and announcements.

1997-01-01

140

Prosodic Rhythm and African American English  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prosodic rhythm was measured for a sample of 20 African American and 20 European American speakers from North Carolina using the metric devised by Low, Grabe, and Nolan (2000), which involves comparisons of the durations of vowels in adjacent syllables. In order to gain historical perspective, the same technique was applied to the ex-slave recordings described in Bailey, Maynor, and

Erik R. Thomas; Phillip M. Carter

2006-01-01

141

African Americans in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The African American population has made remarkable progress since the 1960s, but recent trends may derail the progress of many American blacks. Compared to previous years, United States blacks, who number 30 million in 1991, are more educated, earn higher salaries, work in more prestigious jobs, and participate more fully in politics. However,…

O'Hare, William P.; And Others

1991-01-01

142

Cancer incidence and mortality among African Americans.  

PubMed

In the future, the largest proportional increase in the population will be among minority groups. To date, there are a number of studies which document the disparities in cancer incidence and survival existing between white Americans and minorities, especially African Americans. African Americans have the highest cancer incidence and mortality rates in the United States. Much of this difference can be directly related to socioeconomic status. There are also cultural differences which result in differing attitudes towards health care. In the future, interventions designed to encourage cancer prevention and screening behaviors must seek to overcome the barriers to access in a culturally sensitive fashion. PMID:8006497

Scroggins, T G; Bateman, M; Allen, S; Rittenberg, C N

1994-04-01

143

Five types of African-American marriages.  

PubMed

This study developed a marital typology based on a nonrandom, national sample of 415 African-American couples who took the Enriching Relationship Issues, Communication and Happiness (ENRICH) marital assessment inventory. Five types of African-American marriages were identified through cluster analysis using the positive couple agreement (PCA) scores in 10 relationship domains. Relationships between marital satisfaction, marital stability, and the five marital types were then analyzed. The five types (from highest marital satisfaction to lowest) were labeled as vitalized, harmonious, traditional, conflicted, and devitalized. The results were similar to findings in studies of ethnically mixed (predominantly European-American) marital samples including the number and characteristics of marital types. PMID:11436423

Allen, W D; Olson, D H

2001-07-01

144

Dreamseekers. Creative Approaches to the African American Heritage. Dimensions of Drama Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book shows how children and teachers from diverse backgrounds can become, through powerful imaginings, informed participants in the fight for social justice. It addresses significant African American themes, introducing models of excellence in multicultural teaching and presenting creative teachers at work in authentic classrooms. The dramas…

Manley, Anita, Ed.; O'Neill, Cecily, Ed.

145

Culturally Responsive Assessment for African American Students with Learning and Behavioral Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inappropriate assessment procedures result in the misdiagnosis, misidentification, and misplacement of many African American students in special education. This article discusses poor teacher judgment, lack of cultural awareness among teachers, cultural discontinuity between home and school, and bias inherent in current tests used in special…

Kea, Cathy D.; Campbell-Whatley, Gloria D.; Bratton, Kenya

2003-01-01

146

Deconstructing Black History Month: Three African American Boys' Exploration of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Every February, schools celebrate Black History Month and teachers teach the grand narrative of famous African Americans such as Martin Luther King, Jr. While the stories communicate bravery, they are also about racism and violence. Here, through narrative inquiry, a teacher deconstructs Black History Month, inviting student responses to stories…

Landa, Melissa Hare

2012-01-01

147

Cancer statistics for African Americans, 2013.  

PubMed

In this article, the American Cancer Society estimates the number of new cancer cases and deaths for African Americans and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, survival, and screening prevalence based upon incidence data from the National Cancer Institute, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries and mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics. It is estimated that 176,620 new cases of cancer and 64,880 deaths will occur among African Americans in 2013. From 2000 to 2009, the overall cancer death rate among males declined faster among African Americans than whites (2.4% vs 1.7% per year), but among females, the rate of decline was similar (1.5% vs 1.4% per year, respectively). The decrease in cancer death rates among African American males was the largest of any racial or ethnic group. The reduction in overall cancer death rates since 1990 in men and 1991 in women translates to the avoidance of nearly 200,000 deaths from cancer among African Americans. Five-year relative survival is lower for African Americans than whites for most cancers at each stage of diagnosis. The extent to which these disparities reflect unequal access to health care versus other factors remains an active area of research. Overall, progress in reducing cancer death rates has been made, although more can and should be done to accelerate this progress through ensuring equitable access to cancer prevention, early detection, and state-of-the-art treatments. PMID:23386565

DeSantis, Carol; Naishadham, Deepa; Jemal, Ahmedin

2013-02-05

148

African American Students in Urban Schools: Critical Issues and Solutions for Achievement. Educational Psychology: Critical Pedagogical Perspectives. Volume 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"African American Students in Urban Schools" offers readers a critical yet comprehensive examination of the issues affecting African American students' outcomes in urban school systems and beyond. Across disciplines including teacher education, school counseling, school psychology, gifted education, career and technical education, higher…

Moore, James L., III, Ed.; Lewis, Chance W., Ed.

2012-01-01

149

The Influence of Cultural and Racial Identification on the Psychosocial Adjustment of Inner-City African American Children in School  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship and combined influence of racial identity and Africentric values on African American children's psychosocial adjustment. Participants were 104 (53 males, 51 females) African American fourth-grade students attending an inner-city public school in a northeastern city. Child and teacher ratings were used to assess the relationship between racial identity, Africentric values,

Duane E. Thomas; Tiffany G. Townsend; Faye Z. Belgrave

2003-01-01

150

Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans.  

PubMed Central

Trichomonas vaginalis may be emerging as one of the most important cofactors in amplifying HIV transmission, particularly in African-American communities of the United States. In a person co-infected with HIV, the pathology induced by T. vaginalis infection can increase HIV shedding. Trichomonas infection may also act to expand the portal of entry for HIV in an HIV-negative person. Studies from Africa have suggested that T. vaginalis infection may increase the rate of HIV transmission by approximately twofold. Available data indicate that T. vaginalis is highly prevalent among African-Americans in major urban centers of the United States and is often the most common sexually transmitted infection in black women. Even if T. vaginalis increases the risk of HIV transmission by a small amount, this could translate into an important amplifying effect since Trichomonas is so common. Substantial HIV transmission may be attributable to T. vaginalis in African-American communities of the United States.

Sorvillo, F.; Smith, L.; Kerndt, P.; Ash, L.

2001-01-01

151

African American Culture and Hypertension Prevention  

PubMed Central

A qualitative study was done to explore attitudes and beliefs of African Americans regarding hypertension-preventive self-care behaviors. Five focus groups, with 34 participants, were held using interview questions loosely based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Analysis revealed themes broadly consistent with the TPB, and also identified an overarching theme labeled “circle of culture.” The circle is a metaphor for ties that bind individuals within the larger African American community, and provides boundaries for culturally acceptable behaviors. Three sub-themes were identified: one describes how health behaviors are “passed from generation to generation,” another reflects a sense of being “accountable” to others within the culture; and the third reflects negative views taken toward people who are “acting different,” moving outside the circle of culture. Findings provide an expanded perspective of the TPB by demonstrating the influence of culture and collective identify on attitude formation and health-related behaviors among African Americans.

Peters, Rosalind M.; Aroian, Karen J.; Flack, John M.

2009-01-01

152

Sexual concurrency among young African American women.  

PubMed

Young African-American women are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) sexually transmitted infections (STI), and engage in greater sexual concurrency than other race/ethnicities. It is important to evaluate behaviors and characteristics associated with the risk of sexual concurrency, so that interventions can target factors most likely to affect positive change. An emphasis on correlates of concurrency beyond individual-level factors has been suggested. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to identify individual- and partner-level characteristics associated with sexual concurrency among high-risk, young African-American women. Data were collected from 570 African-American adolescent women (aged 15-21) recruited from a STI clinic, a family planning clinic, and a teen clinic located in Atlanta, GA from March 2002 through August 2004. Logistic regression analysis was conducted in 2012 to evaluate correlates of sexual concurrency. Results show that almost one-quarter of participants reported sexually concurrent partnerships and 28.4% suspected male partner concurrency. Logistic regression results indicated the number of lifetime sexual partners and relationship factors were the primary contributors to engaging in concurrency in this sample. These findings suggest relationship factors may be important contributors to the prevalence of sexual concurrency among young African-American women. Interventions targeted toward sexual health among young African-American women may need to specifically address partner/relationship factors. Through these findings, we hope to better understand sexual risk taking and develop strategies that would overcome barriers to existing interventions aimed at improving the sexual health outcomes of young African-American women. PMID:23363034

Waldrop-Valverde, Drenna G; Davis, Teaniese L; Sales, Jessica M; Rose, Eve S; Wingood, Gina M; Diclemente, Ralph J

2013-01-31

153

Code of the Street and African-American Adolescent Violence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The code of the street theory, developed by Yale professor Elijah Anderson, presents an explanation for high rates of violence among African-American adolescents. Observing life in a Philadelphia African-American neighborhood, Anderson saw that economic d...

E. A. Stewart R. L. Simons

2009-01-01

154

Cardiovascular responses of African American female caregivers.  

PubMed

A sample of 18 African American female caregivers and 24 noncaregivers were recruited for the purpose of exploring the relationships among caregiver status, demands, resources, sociodemographics, and cardiovascular responses. The principle finding of the study were that there were no significant relationships between caregiver status, daily hassles, total chronic conditions, total antihypertensives, learned resourcefulness, age, income, education, pulse, systolic, and diastolic blood pressures. Longitudinal studies of African American female caregivers' and noncaregivers' cardiovascular responses are needed to determine whether caregiving is related to increased cardiovascular responses. Nursing interventions that support caregivers in managing care recipient deficits in instrumental activities of daily living and cognitive impairment are needed. PMID:9384098

Picot, S J; Zauszniewski, J A; Delgado, C

155

Impact of biomedical research on African Americans.  

PubMed Central

Pharmaceutical development and medical research continues at a fevered pitch. Historically, however, African Americans and other minorities have not been adequately represented in the studies determining a drug's safety and efficacy in humans. A history of misuse in the medical research systems (most notably the Tuskeegee study of syphillis in a population of illiterate, poor black men) have left many blacks wary of the health care system. However, attempts to address the health disparities faced by African Americans must include processes for including wider representation of blacks--as patients as well as investigators--in clinical trials.

Harrison, R. W.

2001-01-01

156

"Peas 'N Rice" or "Rice 'N Peas"-- Which One Are We Really Ordering?: The Plight of African American Male Students Engaged in Educational Exchange Processes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explored the perceptions of African American male students who chose to leave a traditional academic setting for an alternative education program within the same setting. Data from students, parents, and teachers indicated that teachers and educational leaders failed to incorporate the relevancy of African American male students into the…

White-Johnson, Adair F.

2001-01-01

157

The Teaching of Afrocentric Values by African American Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the extent to which four indices of African self-consciousness are operating in suburban African-American families. It presents examples of African self-consciousness illustrating how the perceptions of African-American children living in predominantly White suburbs are shaped by family, church, school, and social interactions. Parental…

Richards, Harriet

1997-01-01

158

Community-based research: Barriers to recruitment of African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The elimination of health disparities for African Amer- icans requires culturally relevant, empirical knowl- edge, which in turn requires including African Ameri- cans in research studies. However, power-difference barriers and conceptual barriers continue to inhibit the recruitment of African Americans. The purpose of this article is to define and discuss certain barriers to the recruitment of African Americans into research

Barbara L. Dancy; JoEllen Wilbur; Marie Talashek; Gloria Bonner; Cynthia Barnes-Boyd

2004-01-01

159

Misreporting of total energy intake in older African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine misreporting of total energy intake in older African-American men and women using the double-labeled water procedure; and (2) to identify significant physiological and demographic determinants of total energy intake misreporting in older African Americans.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study examining gender differences and determinants of misreporting of total energy intake in older African-American men and women.SUBJECTS: Sixty-four, older African-American

NJ Tomoyasu; MJ Toth; ET Poehlman

2000-01-01

160

EXPOSURE OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN YOUTH TO ALCOHOL ADVERTISING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Charges of over-concentration of alcohol bill- boards in African-American neighbor- hoods have prompted protests and leg- islative fights in Chicago, Milwaukee, Baltimore, Los Angeles and elsewhere.1 Battles over the heavy marketing to the African-American community of

D. Jernigan; P. Wright; B. Gallegos; A. Tate; J. Streicker; M. Lee; J. F. Mosher

161

Family and Career Trajectories among African American Female Attorneys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional African American women are vastly understudied in sociology. We address that omission by examining how the intersection of race with the structure of elite, male-dominated occupations shapes family and work trajectories for a sample of 203 African American female attorneys. Like the general population of African American women, respondents with partners and with children do not seem to suffer

Mary Blair-Loy; Gretchen Dehart

2003-01-01

162

Selected Bibliographic resources For African American Adult Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors use three disciplinary categories--history, philosophy, and adult learning and development--to categorize materials related to African American adult education. The sources provide an examination of adult education from a culturally grounded African American experiential perspective. The authors suggest that these sources can be used in a separate course on African American adult education or may be infused into an

Talmadge C. Guy; Scipio A. J. Colin

163

African American Single Mothers Raising Sons: Implications for Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Being raised by a single mother is one factor that has been suggested as contributing to the plight of African American males. Yet few studies have focused specifically on African American single mothers' experiences with raising sons. This qualitative study explored the following questions: (1) What are the experiences of African American single…

Gantt, Ann L.; Greif, Geoffrey L.

2009-01-01

164

Exposure of African-American Youth to Alcohol Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Despite occasional media and community spotlights on the marketing of alcohol products in the African-American community, there has been no systematic review of the…

2003

165

African American Acculturation and Black Racial Identity: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between acculturation and racial identity among African Americans. One hundred eighty-seven African American students completed the Black Racial Identity Attitude Scale and the African American Acculturation Scale (AAAS). Acculturation was associated with three of the five AAAS subscales: Dissonance, Immersion, and…

Pope-Davis, Donald B.; Liu, William M.; Ledesma-Jones, Shannon; Nevitt, Jonathan

2000-01-01

166

Perceptions of Domestic Violence: A Dialogue with African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although empirical research has accumulated over the past 20 years regarding African Americans and domestic violence, many questions remain about African American perceptions of domestic violence. This article explores African American women's perceptions about domestic violence through three focus groups held at a New York social services…

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B.

2004-01-01

167

African American Women's Emotional Responses to Breast Cancer1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer is an emotionally challenging disease for women. Little is known about African American women's emotional responses to breast cancer. This exploratory study focuses on the emotional responses of African American women throughout their breast cancer experience. Sixty-six African American women, age 35 to 76, living in the southeastern United States participated in focus group interviews. There were five

Phyllis D. Morgan; Victoria Mock; Joshua Fogel

168

Exploring School Engagement of Middle-Class African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because of the scarcity of knowledge about middle-class African American adolescents, the present study explored psychological and parental factors in relation to academic performance. The participants were 336 middle-class African American students and their biological mothers. The findings suggest that for African American middle-class…

Sirin, Selcuk R.; Rogers-Sirin, Lauren

2004-01-01

169

Empowerment Groups for Urban African American Girls: A Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the author wanted to read Bemak, Chung, and Siroskey-Sabdo's article in an objective sense, her response to their article is most likely influenced by her own experiences as an African American female and mother of an African American daughter. To her, the paramount issue facing African American females is the double and sometimes triple…

Holcomb-McCoy, Cheryl C.

2005-01-01

170

Exposure of African-American Youth to Alcohol Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The marketing of alcohol products in African-American communities has, on occasion, stirred national controversy and met with fierce resistance from African Americans and others. Despite occasional media and community spotlights on the marketing of alcohol products in the African-American community, there has been no systematic review of the…

2003

171

Barriers to Hospice Use among African Americans: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present review was undertaken to explore recent evidence in the professional literature pertaining to use of hospice services by African Americans. The article addresses the research methods that have been used to study African American hospice use, obstacles to African American participation in hospice that have been identified, and…

Washington, Karla T.; Bickel-Swenson, Denise; Stephens, Nathan

2008-01-01

172

BLACK MASCULINITY AND BASKETBALL AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDIES 398DT  

Microsoft Academic Search

and by appointment Because over 80% of NBA basketball players are African American and the style of play that emerged from African-American communities dominates the professional game, basketball is culturally marked as black. Larry Bird, a three-time NBA MVP, and the best non-African American player of the last thirty years maintained that basketball is \\

Damion Thomas

173

Going to School: The African-American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume presents the views of a range of African-American educators on questions related to African-American academic achievement. The concern in this volume is with the persistent, pervasive, and disproportionate underachievement of African-American students. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1, "Problem Identification," comprises…

Lomotey, Kofi, Ed.

174

Disordered eating in African American women: An object relations perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to examine disordered eating behaviors in a population of African American women at a Historically Black University (HBCU). Past research has indicated that African American women at a predominantly White university meet diagnostic criteria for eating disorders at the same rates as Caucasian women (Mulholland & Mintz, 2001). Because African American women at

Jo Ann Spadafore

2007-01-01

175

Introduction: Suicidal Behaviors in the African American Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the risk and protective factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviors in the African American community. The authors provide a brief review of the history of suicide research in African American communities and critique some of the paradigms and underlying assumptions that have made it difficult to address the problem of suicidal behaviors in the African American

Alex E. Crosby; Sherry Davis Molock

2006-01-01

176

Spirituality and Self-Management of Diabetes in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attention to spirituality is especially important for nurses when providing care to African Americans. Spirituality is deeply embedded in their rich cultural heritage. For many African Americans, spirituality is intertwined into all aspects of life, including beliefs about health and illness. Therefore, it is imperative that nurses understand the relationship between African American spirituality, health, and self-management of illness to

Rebecca Polzer; Margaret Shandor Miles

2005-01-01

177

African American Fathers and Incarceration: Paternal Involvement and Child Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite only accounting for 6% of the general population, African American males represent nearly 50% of the prison population. To investigate the impact of mass incarceration on African American families, data from the Fragile Families and Child Well-Being study were analyzed. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to examine the impact of previous incarceration on African American fathers' instrumental

Armon R. Perry; Mikia Bright

2012-01-01

178

African-American Artists in Context: The Philadelphia Art Museum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews two exhibits of visual art at the Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) Art Museum, "Works by African-Americans," which showcases the contributions of nineteenth- and twentieth-century African-American artists; and "Pertaining to Philadelphia," acquisitions from the collection of Julius Bloch, an artist and mentor to many African American artists…

Verdino-Sullivan, Carla Maria

1992-01-01

179

Breast Cancer in African-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

African-American women face a lower risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer as compared to Caucasian-American women, yet they paradoxically face an increased breast cancer mortality hazard. An increased incidence rate for early-onset disease has also been documented. This manuscript review sum- marizes the socioeconomic, environmental, genetic, and possible primary tumor biologic factors that may explain these disparities. The Oncologist

LISA A. NEWMAN

180

American and Chinese teachers' beliefs about early childhood curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the consistency of Chinese preschool teachers' curriculum beliefs and their self-reported practices; similarities and differences between American and Chinese teachers' beliefs; associations between teachers' personal factors and their beliefs; and how personal and social-cultural factors affect teachers' curriculum beliefs. ^ 296 Chinese teachers and 146 American teachers completed the Teacher Beliefs Scale (TBS) and the Teachers' Background

Jianhong Wang

2000-01-01

181

Outcome Measures of African American Adolescent Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a decline in births, adolescent pregnancy continues to be a concern for parents, policymakers, and social service providers. Although the future of young mothers in general has been proven to be bleak, some research suggests that the negative impact of adolescent pregnancy is less severe in African American families. Hypotheses have been formulated in prior literature to explain this

Afua Ottie Arhin

182

Pastoral Counseling with African American Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pastoral counseling can enable African-American men to adopt a different identity by presenting a model of holism that allows men to access both masculine and feminine sides of their identities, becoming whole persons who respond to the world from within rather than reacting to external pressures. (SLD)|

Wimberly, Edward P.

1993-01-01

183

Depressive Symptoms in African-American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms in an African American female college student sample (n=78) using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI2) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). MMPI-2 was a more conservative scale than BDI in identifying depressive symptom levels. Discusses stress inoculation methods to assist…

Reed, Michael K.; And Others

1996-01-01

184

Autism and the African American Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect 1 in 500 live births per year. However, due to varying techniques for diagnosis and treatment, the disability remains the subject of debate. African Americans tend to suffer disproportionate rates of disability and disease when compared to other racial and ethnic groups due to access to preventative and curative care. However,

Ruby M. Gourdine; Tiffany D. Baffour; Martell Teasley

2011-01-01

185

African American Youth in the New Millennium  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American youth today are facing a fast changing world of high technology and diminishing opportunities. This generation brings a new attitude and a challenging perspective to service providers and policy makers. The policies and interventions of the past may need an upgrade to meet the needs of this new generation. The issues of poverty and meaningful opportunities are important

Judith L. Rozie-Battle

2002-01-01

186

African American's Perceptions of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes and beliefs about utilization of mental health services of 201 African Americans, 18 years and older, are explored. One hundred and thirty-four females and 66 males participated in mixed sex focus groups conducted in an urban, Midwestern city. Discussion probes addressed participant perceptions of psychotherapists and psychotherapy,…

Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders; Akbar, Maysa D.; Bazile, Anita

187

African American Female Superintendents: Resilient School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Six African American female superintendents who had served as superintendents in at least 2 school districts were interviewed to understand ways in which they responded to barriers and adversity in their roles, with a particular emphasis on issues related to sexism and racism. Study participants shared that they work to engage the community and…

Johnson, Bernadeia H.

2012-01-01

188

African American Female Superintendents: Resilient School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six African American female superintendents who had served as superintendents in at least 2 school districts were interviewed to understand ways in which they responded to barriers and adversity in their roles, with a particular emphasis on issues related to sexism and racism. Study participants shared that they work to engage the community and…

Johnson, Bernadeia H.

2012-01-01

189

Empowering African Americans to Achieve Academic Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews pertinent factors, such as the need to encourage a positive home environment, transform peer group influences, establish goals early in life, foster racial pride and awareness, use African-American culture to foster achievement, encourage a sense of self-control, initiate and expand mentor programs, and cultivate academic…

Gary, Lawrence E.; Booker, Christopher B.

1992-01-01

190

Language and the African American Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do children acquire African American English? How do they develop the specific language patterns of their communities? Drawing on spontaneous speech samples and data from structured elicitation tasks, this book explains the developmental trends in the children's language. It examines topics such as the development of tense/aspect marking,…

Green, Lisa J.

2011-01-01

191

Vinnette Carroll: African American director\\/playwright  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much has been written on Black minstrels, vaudeville and early Black Musicals, but little is devoted to the religious influences of ritual in the black community and its expression of identity through gospel music in the African American theatre experience.^ Vinnette Carroll's contributions to theatre, musical theatre and Broadway are impressive especially her work as developer of the song play

Calvin Andre McClinton

1997-01-01

192

Examining School Engagement of African American Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the impact of behavioral and affective factors on 688 African American high school students' academic performance, examining the relationship between school engagement, educational expectations, self-esteem, and school achievement; noting differences between males and females; and discussing whether behavioral and…

Sirin, Selcuk; Jackson, Lisa R.

193

Courtship Violence among African American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the relationship between family interactions, personality variables, and courtship violence. African American college students who were dating were administered the Conflict Tactics Scale and a series of other measures. Findings indicate that more than half of the Afncan Americanfemales and males had insulted, refused to talk to, or made spiteful comments to a dating partner Females reported

M. L. Clark; Joyce Beckett; Mabel Wells; Delores Dungee-Anderson

1994-01-01

194

HIV and AIDS among African American Youth  

MedlinePLUS

... t S tigma: The stigma associated with HIV and homosexuality may help to spread HIV in African American communities. Fear of disclosing risk behavior or sexual orientation prevents many from seeking testing, treatment and support from friends and family. As a ...

195

Elder Maltreatment Among Rural African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elder maltreatment, an unfortunate manifestation of the graying of our nation's population, has been well documented during the last decade; but, a clear definition or understanding of the phenomenon has not been forthcoming. This lack of clarity is particularly evident among older African-Americans and especially among this minority group in rural communities. This paper describes an exploratory study of 10

Linner Ward Griffin

1994-01-01

196

Sibling Relationships in Rural African American Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A family process model was used to link mothers' and fathers' psychological functioning to sibling relationship quality in a sample of 9- to 12-year-old African American youth (N=85) living in the rural Southeastern United States. Better parental psychological functioning was linked to more supportive relationships in the family, and youth in…

Brody, Gene H.; Stoneman, Zolinda; Smith, Trellis; Gibson, Nicole Morgan

1999-01-01

197

African Americans and Teen Dating Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This literature review focuses on the prevalence rates of teen dating violence in the United States, emergence of dating violence research, reasons of teen dating violence in the African American community, consequences of it regarding physical and mental health, and the impact of it on psychological and physical health. The research shows a trickledown effect of racism, low socio-economic status,

Racine Renee Henry; Senem Zeytinoglu

2012-01-01

198

African American men constructing computing identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many young African American males have a passion for video games, but they don't often translate that passion into learning about computing. Part of the problem is that they do not identify with computing as a social norm within their peer group. This disidentification with computing can negatively impact academic performance and limit opportunities for upward mobility. We developed a

Betsy James DiSalvo; Sarita Yardi; Mark Guzdial; Tom McKlin; Charles Meadows; Kenneth Perry; Amy Bruckman

2011-01-01

199

African American College Women's Suicide Buffers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To examine the relationships buffers may have with suicide ideation, 300 African American female college students completed measures of suicide ideation and buffers. Three variables accounted for a significant and unique portion of the variance in suicide ideation: family support, a view that suicide is unacceptable, and a collaborative religious…

Marion, Michelle S.; Range, Lillian M.

2003-01-01

200

African American College Women's Suicide Buffers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the relationships buffers may have with suicide ideation, 300 African American female college students completed measures of suicide ideation and buffers. Three variables accounted for a significant and unique portion of the variance in suicide ideation: family support, a view that suicide is unacceptable, and a collaborative religious…

Marion, Michelle S.; Range, Lillian M.

2003-01-01

201

Health Promotion Behaviors among African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to examine and describe the relationships among health status, marital status, income level, education level, age, and body mass index (BMI) with the added influence of spirituality on the health promotion behaviors of African American women, living in South Florida. The sample consisted of 137 women, 18 to 64 years of age, who were

Sandra Elaine Douchand Brown

2009-01-01

202

African American's Perceptions of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The attitudes and beliefs about utilization of mental health services of 201 African Americans, 18 years and older, are explored. One hundred and thirty-four females and 66 males participated in mixed sex focus groups conducted in an urban, Midwestern city. Discussion probes addressed participant perceptions of psychotherapists and psychotherapy,…

Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders; Akbar, Maysa D.; Bazile, Anita

203

Promotive Parenting Practices among African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine communication/reasoning, behavioral control, and trust as predictors of resourcefulness among African American children during middle childhood (6-12 years of age). Mothers who practice promotive socialization strategies are more likely to rear children who are socially competent and well adjusted.…

Williams-Wheeler, Meeshay

2011-01-01

204

Violent Behaviors among African-American Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the development of behaviors by using Erik Erikson's psychosocial developmental theory, with emphasis on adolescents. Examines factors, such as identity versus identity diffusion, that may be contributing to increasing acts of violence by African American adolescents. Other factors are examined that may contribute to increased violence.…

Garrett, Darhyl

1995-01-01

205

The Persistence of African American College Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the family dynamics of persistent African American college men. These students were typical Black males, not those pre-categorized as high-achieving or unprepared for college. The stories of participants revealed their strength, ambition, and intentions to successfully gain a baccalaureate degree. In general Black males are…

Beale, Tyson J.

2010-01-01

206

Promotive Parenting Practices among African American Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine communication/reasoning, behavioral control, and trust as predictors of resourcefulness among African American children during middle childhood (6-12 years of age). Mothers who practice promotive socialization strategies are more likely to rear children who are socially competent and well adjusted. Multiple…

Williams-Wheeler, Meeshay

2011-01-01

207

The African American Public Policy Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews actions of the 102nd Congress of particular interest to African Americans, including the (1) Domestic Marshall Plan House Resolution; (2) Unemployment Benefits extension; (3) Job Training Partnership Act; (4) Workplace Fairness Act; (5) Family and Medical Leave Act; and (6) Civil Rights Act of 1991. (SLD)|

McAlpine, Robert; And Others

1992-01-01

208

Breast masses in African American teenage girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of malignancy in breast lumps excised from African American teenagers.Methods: The authors reviewed the pathology records at King's County Hospital Center between January 1982 and December 1992. The pathology reports and charts of all patients who had breast masses excised during this period were reviewed. Data for this study

Mahmoud B. El-Tamer; Mark Song; Richard B. Wait

1999-01-01

209

Physical Activity Patterns of Urban African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed physical activity patterns in a sample of urban African Americans, whose participation in physical activity has not previously been well-described. From questions administered by interviewers during health fair screenings in 19 churches in East Baltimore, information regarding participation in regular, leisure-time activity (defined as 30 minutes of activity, 5 days per week), time spent walking on the

Deborah Rohm Young; Kevin W. Miller; Lora B. Wilder; Lisa R. Yanek; Diane M. Becker

1998-01-01

210

Strengths: African-American Children and Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is generally true that when people are deprived of their own cultural forms and are coerced into adopting the cultural forms of others, disorder, stress, and even disability will occur. Conversely, the basic strength of any people results from their experience of historical and cultural continuity. The strengths of African-American children…

Hilliard, Asa G., III

211

Predicting Non-African American Lesbian and Heterosexual Preadoptive Couples' Openness to Adopting an African American Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite increases in transracial adoption, African American children remain the least likely to be adopted. No research has examined the factors that predict prospective adopters' willingness to adopt an African American child. This study used multilevel modeling to examine predictors of willingness to adopt an African American child in a sample…

Goldberg, Abbie E.; Smith, JuliAnna Z.

2009-01-01

212

African American Athletes and the Negotiation of Public Spaces: An Examination of Athletic Capital and African American Perceptions of Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation explores the culture of sport among African American male football players as well as African American perspectives on sport and success. A case study of six African American, Division 1 FBS (Football Bowl Subdivision) collegiate student athletes was conducted along with seventeen supplemental interviews with community members, parents, coaches and former athletes and fans. The participants answered questions

Keona Lewis

2010-01-01

213

The Myth of Meritocracy and African American Health  

PubMed Central

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy—the belief that all may obtain the American Dream—and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans.

Meyer, Ilan H.

2010-01-01

214

The myth of meritocracy and African American health.  

PubMed

Recent theoretical and empirical studies of the social determinants of health inequities have shown that economic deprivation, multiple levels of racism, and neighborhood context limit African American health chances and that African Americans' poor health status is predicated on unequal opportunity to achieve the American Dream. President Obama's election has been touted as a demonstration of American meritocracy-the belief that all may obtain the American Dream-and has instilled hope in African Americans. However, we argue that in the context of racism and other barriers to success, meritocratic ideology may act as a negative health determinant for African Americans. PMID:20724679

Kwate, Naa Oyo A; Meyer, Ilan H

2010-08-19

215

An African-American family with dystonia.  

PubMed

The genetic cause of late-onset focal and segmental dystonia remains unknown in most individuals. Recently, mutations in Thanatos-associated protein domain containing, apoptosis associated protein 1 (THAP1) have been described in DYT6 dystonia and associated with some cases of familial and sporadic late-onset dystonia in Caucasians. We are not aware of any previous descriptions of familial dystonia in African-Americans or reports of THAP1 mutations in African-Americans. Herein, we characterize an African-American (AA) kindred with late-onset primary dystonia, clinically and genetically. The clinical phenotype included cervical, laryngeal and hand-forearm dystonia. Symptoms were severe and disabling for several family members, whereas others only displayed mild signs. There were no accompanying motor or cognitive signs. In this kindred, age of onset ranged from 45 to 50 years and onset was frequently sudden, with symptoms developing within weeks or months. DYT1 was excluded as the cause of dystonia in this kindred. The entire genomic region of THAP1, including non-coding regions, was sequenced. We identified 13 sequence variants in THAP1, although none co-segregated with dystonia. A novel THAP1 variant (c.-237-3G>T/A) was found in 3/84 AA dystonia patient alleles and 3/212 AA control alleles, but not in 5870 Caucasian alleles. In summary, although previously unreported, familial primary dystonia does occur in African-Americans. Genetic analysis of the entire genomic region of THAP1 revealed a novel variant that was specific for African-Americans. Therefore, genetic testing for dystonia and future studies of candidate genes must take genetic background into consideration. PMID:21601506

Puschmann, Andreas; Xiao, Jianfeng; Bastian, Robert W; Searcy, Jill A; LeDoux, Mark S; Wszolek, Zbigniew K

2011-05-20

216

Alcohol abuse prevention in African-American communities.  

PubMed Central

Because of the devastating morbidity, mortality, and social dislocations associated with alcohol abuse in many African-American communities, the prevention of alcohol abuse represents a critical component of the public health agenda for African Americans. This article reviews African-American cultural issues pertinent to alcohol use and abuse and the information available regarding the excess medical and social complications experienced by African Americans secondary to alcohol abuse. Some recommendations are made for a specific research agenda for the prevention of alcohol abuse with relevance to African Americans.

Brown, L. S.

1993-01-01

217

Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High school and college teachers interested in offering units or courses on Native American literature have often had to carve out new teaching strategies because ready resources and guides are scarce. In "Reading Native American Literature: A Teacher's Guide," Bruce A. Goebel offers innovative and practical suggestions about how to introduce…

Goebel, Bruce A.

2004-01-01

218

H-Afro-Am: African-American Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

H-Afro-Am is a new H-Net sponsored, moderated discussion list for professionals, faculty, and advanced students in African American Studies. The discussion list will focus on the African Diaspora, mainly on the US experience. H-Afro-Am is also the official voice of the Collegium for African American Research in Europe (CAAR), established in 1992 to promote African American scholarship from an international perspective.

1995-01-01

219

Uncovering the mystery: factors of African American suicide.  

PubMed

Traditionally, African Americans have registered lower rates of suicide than other ethnic groups. In the last 20 years this pattern has changed, particularly among young African Americans. To date, the research conducted regarding this phenomenon has been limited for a variety of reasons and previous research has been inconclusive in determining risk factors of African American suicide. The purpose of this paper is to identify risk and protective factors specific to African American suicide. To determine the factors, the 1993 National Mortality Follow-back Survey was analyzed. The risk factors identified include being under age 35, southern and northeastern residence, cocaine use, firearm presence in home, and threatening others with violence. Some of the protective factors associated with African American suicide include rural residence and educational attainment. These results provide valuable information about completed African American suicides in relation to Whites. Several of these factors are unique to African Americans. PMID:14695056

Willis, Leigh A; Coombs, David W; Drentea, Patricia; Cockerham, William C

2003-01-01

220

The African-American Legacy in American Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the contributions of African-American poetry to the development of English literature from the earliest Black orator through the works of Langston Hughes. Emphasizes the work of Phillis Wheatley, Paul Lawrence Dunbar,"The New Negro" writers, and Hughes. (FMW)

Abarry, Abu

1990-01-01

221

Assessment of the Status of African-Americans. Volume III: The Education of African-Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1987 a project was undertaken to assess the status of African Americans in the United States in the topical areas to be addressed by the National Research Council's Study Committee on the Status of Black Americans: education, employment, income and occupations, political participation and the administration of justice, social and cultural…

Willie, Charles V., Ed.; Garibaldi, Antoine M., Ed.; Reed, Wornie L., Ed.

222

The relatively high prevalence of cardiovascular disease among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The death rate from heart and blood vessel disease among African Americans is 33.6% higher among African American men and 38.5% higher among African American women. (U.S. 2003: American Heart Association). Excessive rates of hypertension, psychosocial and socio-environmental stresses contribute to high rate of CVD morbidity and mortality in this population. According to Tennessee Primary Care Association in Davidson County,

Nonyerem Rosemary Anachebe

2009-01-01

223

Psychiatric Symptomatology Among Alcoholics: Comparisons Between African Americans and Caucasians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data collected on 190 patients in a hospital-based substance abuse treatment center in a large midwestern city, this study compared psychiatric symptomatology between African Americans and Caucasians. Although the 2 groups were equivalent in consumption and frequency of usage, African-American alcoholics in the study used significantly more substances (beyond alcohol) than did Caucasians. With regard to psychiatric symptomatology, African

Thomas W. Pavkov; Mark P. McGovern; John S. Lyons; Eric S. Geffner

1992-01-01

224

African American Studies in the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the future of African-American studies. African-American studies should be the home of free inquiry into the complexity of being of African descent in the world, rather than a closed-shop or a resurrected version of thought police. A true proliferation of ideologies and methodologies is required. (SLD)|

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr.

1992-01-01

225

Sexual Health Counselor Preferences of African American and European American Women: A Brief Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American women (n = 42) and European American women (n = 46) were queried regarding their comfort level discussing various sexual health topics with hypothetical counselors who\\u000a were varied by race (African American vs. European American) or counseling value (culturally sensitive vs. knowledgeable).\\u000a Contrary to hypotheses, European American participants were more comfortable with the knowledgeable African American counselor\\u000a and the culturally sensitive European

Lauren Mizock; Yvonne Wells

2010-01-01

226

African-American Poetry, 1760-1900  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Utilizing software developed at the University of Chicago, this online database of African-American poetry is a fine resource for people looking for a compendium of poems by numerous notable 18th and 19th century African-American poets. First-time users will want to read the users manual, which explains the software used to design the database, and how to best utilize the available search engine, which allows for a number of detailed searching methods. The database itself contains 12 million words from a total of 86 works. Visitors looking to browse the online works should consult the bibliography section, as it contains a detailed description of the authors and works covered within the database. Visitors familiar with this genre will note the inclusion of many notable poets, including Paul Dunbar, James Corrothers, and Albery Allson Whitman.

227

Gambling Habits Among Aged African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a cross-sectional study we investigated the correlates of gambling habits among a sample of 80 independently living African-American elderly persons. The participants were selected from two Senior Citizen Centers that provide inexpensive or free pleasure trips from Los Angeles, California to gambling sites in Nevada. The data for this study were collected through face-to-face interviews conducted by three trained

Mohsen Bazargan; Shahrzad H. Bazargan; Mahfuja Akanda

2001-01-01

228

Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV, and African-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trichomonas vaginalis may be emerging as one of the most important cofac- tors in amplifying HIV transmission, particularly in African-American communi- ties of the United States. In a person co-infected with HIV, the pathology induced by T. vaginalis infection can increase HIV shedding. Trichomonas infection may also act to expand the portal of entry for HIV in an HIV-negative person.

Frank Sorvillo; Lisa Smith; Peter Kerndt; H Lawrence Ash

2001-01-01

229

African American Women Voters: Review Article  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews a book written by Lisa Nikol Nealy entitled: African American Women Voters: Racializing Religiosity, Political Consciousness and Progressive Political Action in U.S. Presidential\\u000a Elections from 1964 Through 2008 (2009). I extracted the following themes from the book: (1) the importance and influence of the Black church or religious\\u000a organizations and their leaders on the level of political

Amadu Jacky Kaba

2011-01-01

230

Stress and Quitting Among African American Smokers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between stress and the likelihood of quitting among 300 urban African American smokers\\u000a enrolled in the placebo arm of a controlled randomized trial assessing the efficacy of bupropion for smoking cessation. Participants\\u000a were predominantly female, middle-aged, and of lower income. Participants received 7 weeks of placebo treatment and counseling\\u000a as well as a self-help guide.

Brian K. Manning; Delwyn Catley; Kari Jo Harris; Matthew S. Mayo; Jasjit S. Ahluwalia

2005-01-01

231

Health, Human Capital, and African American Migration Before 1910  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first paper to document the effect of health on the migration propensities of African Americans in the American past. Using both IPUMS and the Colored Troops Sample of the Civil War Union Army Data, I estimate the effects of literacy and health on the migration propensities of African Americans from 1870 to 1910. I find that literacy

Trevon D. Logan

2008-01-01

232

African-Native Americans : We Are Still Here  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The William & Anita Newman Library at Baruch College (The City University of New York) has recently added this exhibit to its digital collection. African-Native Americans: We Are Still Here is a photo exhibit that profiles people of joint African American and Native American heritage, with text by Eve Winddancer and photographs by Louis B. Myers.

233

Racism as a stressor for African Americans: A biopsychosocial model  

Microsoft Academic Search

iven the historical and contemporary existence of racism in American society, one might suspect there would be an equally substantial literature examining the effects of racism on African Americans. Yet, research exploring the biological, psychological, and social effects of racism among African Americans is virtually nonexistent. The purpose of this article was threefold: (a) to provide a brief overview of

Rodney Clark; Norman B. Anderson; Vernessa R. Clark; David R. Williams

1999-01-01

234

Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms among African American Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18-34), middle (35-54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method: Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results: Discrimination was significantly…

Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

2011-01-01

235

Discrimination, Mastery, and Depressive Symptoms among African American Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This study examines the influence of discrimination and mastery on depressive symptoms for African American men at young (18-34), middle (35-54), and late (55+) adulthood. Method: Analyses are based on responses from 1,271 African American men from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). Results: Discrimination was significantly…

Watkins, Daphne C.; Hudson, Darrell L.; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Siefert, Kristine; Jackson, James S.

2011-01-01

236

Prevalence of Eating Disorders Among African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was the first to establish Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV;American Psychiatric Association, 1994) prevalence rates for eating disorders by targeting an entire sample of African American college women. Participants were 413 African American women enrolled at a large, predominantly Caucasian public university in the midwestern United States. Participants were given the Questionnaire for Eating Disorder

Amy M. Mulholland; Laurie B. Mintz

2001-01-01

237

School Belonging and the African American Adolescent: What do We Know and Where Should We Go?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research shows, for African American adolescents, issues of school belonging, identification, and engagement are critical to academic performance and successful completion of high school. In the existing literature, school belonging has been significantly linked with teacher support, peer relations, motivation, engagement, and academic…

Booker, Keonya Charlyn

2006-01-01

238

Telling Their Side of the Story: African-American Students' Perceptions of Culturally Relevant Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing amount of scholarship has documented the salience of culturally relevant teaching practices for ethnically and linguistically diverse students. However, research examining these students' perceptions and interpretations of these learning environments has been minimal at best. In this article, the author details the findings from a study that sought to assess African-American elementary students' interpretations of culturally relevant teachers

Tyrone C. Howard

2001-01-01

239

Talking Drums: Reading and Writing with African American Stories, Spirituals, and Multimedia Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through stories, spirituals, and recommended resource books, Finnen exposes students to the rich history and heritage of Africa and African Americans. Each chapter provides the teacher or librarian with beautifully told folktales that provide the basis for further exploration of the chapter's focus. This rich resource is ideal for language arts…

Finnen, Wanda

2004-01-01

240

African Americans Who Made a Difference. 15 Plays for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These easy-to-read classroom plays are about 15 African American men and women in a variety of vocations. The plays are designed to enhance the curriculum and to make social studies come alive for the student as they bolster language-arts teaching. Each play includes a Teacher's Guide that contains some quotes from the featured person and a brief…

1996

241

National Insight: A Look at Synnoetics in One African American Female's Journey to the Principalship  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the principle of synnoetics as defined by Dr. William A. Kritsonis in the Ways of Knowing Through the Realms of Meaning as it chronicles the teaching career of Rhodena Townsell. Rhodena, an African American female, began her teaching career as an uncertified special education teacher in a small East Texas town. Rhodena became the principal of an

Rhodena Townsell; William Allan Kritsonis

242

Ladies Are Seen, Not Heard: Language Socialization in a Southern, African American Cosmetology School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined classroom discourse at a southern cosmetology school, noting African American students' language socialization. Highlighted freshmen's and seniors' engagement with formal/textbook scripts about proper communication, analyzing how teachers and students made sense of official metacommunicative scripts about proper salon communication.…

Jacobs-Huey, Lanita

2003-01-01

243

Learning through the breachLanguage socialization among African American cosmetologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I analyze a series of breaches (Garfinkel, 1967) observed during an 18-month ethnographic study of an African American cosmetology school in South Carolina. Students, clients, teachers (and this author) committed endless verbal and nonverbal mistakes during everyday hair care encounters. They also employed an array of cultural and professional communicative strategies to resolve them. Their candid deliberations

Lanita Jacobs-Huey

2007-01-01

244

Cultural values in the home and school experiences of low-income African-American students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the presence of specific cultural values within the preferred classroom and home activities of African-American upper elementary students. Written scenarios were constructed and used to determine whether students preferred their home and classroom activities carried out under specific cultural terms. Students also reported their perceptions of teachers and parents' cultural value-based preferences for classroom and home

KENNETH M. TYLER; A. WADE BOYKIN; ORONDE MILLER; ERIC HURLEY

2006-01-01

245

The Lowest Quartile African Americans Taking Advanced Placement Language and Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the lead Advanced Placement (AP) English teacher at Suncoast High School, a magnet school, the author started a pilot program teaching the lowest quartile group of African American students the AP English Literature and Composition course their senior year. Their educational background was limited, and several were not able to write a complete…

Hale, David P.

2007-01-01

246

Risk and Protective Factors for Recent Alcohol Use among African-American Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A total of 7488 7th-12th grade African-American students completed a survey assessing factors associated with recent alcohol use. Results indicated that 13.6% used alcohol in the past month. A series of odds ratios revealed that making good grades, participating in school activities, attending church, and having parents/teachers talk about the…

Vidourek, Rebecca A.; King, Keith A.

2010-01-01

247

African Americans Who Made a Difference. 15 Plays for the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These easy-to-read classroom plays are about 15 African American men and women in a variety of vocations. The plays are designed to enhance the curriculum and to make social studies come alive for the student as they bolster language-arts teaching. Each play includes a Teacher's Guide that contains some quotes from the featured person and a brief…

1996

248

Beyond Missionaries or Cannibals: Who Should Teach Mathematics to African American Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Guided by a general critique that asks, Highly qualified for whom?, I problematize recent characterizations of highly qualified mathematics teachers by focusing on the question, Who should teach mathematics to African American children? I discuss how responses to this question in mainstream mathematics education research and policy contexts have…

Martin, Danny Bernard

2007-01-01

249

African American Mathematic Student Perceptions of Peers, Education, and Mathematical Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies successful African American students' perception of their mathematics education, mathematics knowledge, and their interaction with peers. Two female and four male participants attending the same southern four-year university completed courses in calculus 1, 2, and 3. Data was gathered using interviews, surveys, exemplary teacher

Powell-Mikle, Angiline

250

Conclusions: The Future of Family Involvement in Schools in African-American Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article talks about the future of family involvement in schools in African-American communities. The future of family involvement in the schools rests with today's teachers and parents who will take what they learned from the past, establish the philosophical foundations to guide their interactions, incorporate child and family theory and…

Juhasz, Anne

2004-01-01

251

Smuggled Literacies: The Social and Educational Value of Hidden Literacies of Urban African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers and teachers often are not privy to the literacy events smuggled into the private lives of urban African-Americans. Yet, these hidden literacies, such as journal writing and reading personal business letters, often reveal deft rhetorical skills as well as intellectual grappling with the social complexities of power, race, and class.…

Cushman, M. Ellen

252

Conclusions: The Future of Family Involvement in Schools in African-American Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article talks about the future of family involvement in schools in African-American communities. The future of family involvement in the schools rests with today's teachers and parents who will take what they learned from the past, establish the philosophical foundations to guide their interactions, incorporate child and family theory and…

Juhasz, Anne

2004-01-01

253

The nature of culturally responsive pedagogy in two urban African American middle school science classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This ethnographic in nature study explores how two middle school science teachers who have classes populated by urban African Americans teach their students and how their students perceive their teaching. Since urban African American students continue to perform lower than desired on measures of science achievement, there is an urgent need to understand what pedagogical methodologies assist and hinder urban African American students in achieving higher levels of success in science. A pedagogical methodology that theorists posit assists subordinated school populations is culturally responsive pedagogy. Culturally responsive pedagogy is defined as a teaching methodology concerned with preparing students to question inequality, racism, and injustice. Teachers who use culturally responsive pedagogy respect the culture students bring to the class, and require that the teachers willingly do whatever is necessary to educate students (Nieto, 2000). The teacher participants were two female African Americans who were identified by their school supervisors as being highly effective with urban African American students. The researcher presented the teachers in separate case studies conducted over a data collection period of nine months. Data were collected by participant observation, interviews, and artifact collection. Data were analyzed by application of grounded theory techniques. Findings of the teachers' (and the students') beliefs about pedagogy that both assisted and hindered the students' performance in science were reported in a rich and nuanced storytelling manner based on multiple perspectives (teachers', students', and the researcher's). Pedagogical methodologies that the teachers used that assisted their students were the use of cultural metaphors and images in science and applications of motivational techniques that encouraged a nurturing relationship between the teacher and her students. Pedagogical methodologies that hindered students varied by teacher. Metaphorically, the teachers differed vividly. One was a nurturing mother, sister, and friend who assisted her students to cross the cultural line between the science classroom and their home and community. The other was a stern disciplinarian who painted a picture of order and hard work as keys for her students' success in school science. The researcher, who promotes a social justice ideology, made implications and recommendations for science teacher education and public policy.

Bondima, Michelle Harris

254

Gender role socialization in african american men: A conceptual framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

From educational institutions to the media, images about African American men are transmitted throughout society with few,\\u000a if any, positive portrayals. These myths, misconceptions, and stereotypes have been carried over to the developmental and\\u000a socialization processes experienced by African American men. More systematic and comprehensive ways of explaining the plight\\u000a of the African American male are needed in his quest

George T. Rowan; Eugene Pernell; Timothy A. Akers

1996-01-01

255

Exploring School Engagement of Middle-Class African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the scarcity of knowledge about middle-class African American adoles- cents, the present study explored psychological and parental factors in relation to ac- ademic performance. The participants were 336 middle-class African American stu- dents and their biological mothers. The findings suggest that for African American middle-class adolescents, educational expectations and school engagement have the strongest relation to academic performance.

Selcuk R. Sirin; Lauren Rogers-Sirin

2004-01-01

256

Dietary fat intake among urban, African American adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined commonly consumed high-fat food sources to estimate dietary fat intake among 314 urban, African American adolescents (mean age (SD)=12.57 (.98) years; 66% female; 91% African American non-Hispanic; and 9% African American Hispanic). Youths' fat intake was measured using the Block Fat Screener. Most (77%) participants had diets very high in fat (i.e., 40% to 50% of energy).

Jennifer Di Noia; Steven P. Schinke; Isobel R. Contento

2008-01-01

257

Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder in African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in African American youth. Tackling the myths and misinformation\\u000a surrounding ADHD in the African American community can be one of the most difficult issues in mental illness circles. There\\u000a is a lot of conflicting information about how African Americans are diagnosed, examined, and treated. This article clarifies\\u000a some of the misconceptions and offers some

Rahn K. Bailey; Shahid Ali; Shagufta Jabeen; Hilary Akpudo; Jaymie U. Avenido; Theresa Bailey; Jessica Lyons; Amelia A. Whitehead

2010-01-01

258

Anxiety disorders in African-American and white children  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are little available data on African-American children with anxiety disorders. Treatment-seeking African-American (n=30) and white children (n=139), with a current DSM-III-R anxiety disorder, were compared on sociodemographic background variables, clinical characteristics, and lifetime rates of specific DSM-III-R anxiety disorders. Overall, results suggested that the anxiety-disordered African-American and white children who sought treatment from an outpatient mental health facility were

Cynthia G. Last; Sean Perrin

1993-01-01

259

Renal perfusion and function in healthy African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renal perfusion and function in healthy African Americans.BackgroundDespite their increased risk of nephropathy, remarkably little is known about renal perfusion and function in healthy African Americans.MethodsWe enrolled 32 healthy African Americans and compared renal perfusion and function in 82 age-matched healthy Caucasians. Studies were performed on a diet containing 200 mmol of sodium and 100 mmol of potassium per day.

Deborah A Price; Naomi D L Fisher; Suzette Y Osei; Maria Cecilia Lansang; Norman K Hollenberg

2001-01-01

260

Health Attitudes and Behaviors of African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans continue to die disproportionately from chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and heart disease.\\u000a Eating fruits and vegetables have been shown to reduce those risks yet little is known about the health attitudes of African\\u000a American adolescents and their eating habits and engagement in physical activity. A survey was administered to African American\\u000a adolescents in a Midwestern city

Rhonda K. Lewis-Moss; Angelia Paschal; Michelle Redmond; B. Lee Green; Chakema Carmack

2008-01-01

261

A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

A genome scan for diabetic nephropathy in African Americans.BackgroundThere is substantial evidence for a genetic contribution to diabetic nephropathy susceptibility in the African American population, but little is known about location or identity of susceptibility genes.MethodsDNA samples were collected from 206 type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD)\\/nephropathy-affected sib pairs from 166 African American families (355 affected individuals).

DONALD W BOWDEN; CARLA J COLICIGNO; CARL D LANGEFELD; MICHČLE M SALE; ADRIENNE WILLIAMS; PAMELA J ANDERSON; STEPHEN S RICH; BARRY I FREEDMAN

2004-01-01

262

The Inventory of Teacher-Student Relationships: Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity among African American Youth in Low-Income Urban Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Inventory of Teacher-Student Relationships (IT-SR), a measure that was developed by adapting the widely used Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachments (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987) for use in the context of teacher-student relationships. The instrument was field tested…

Murray, Christopher; Zvoch, Keith

2011-01-01

263

Implicit Stereotyping and Medical Decisions: Unconscious Stereotype Activation in Practitioners' Thoughts About African Americans  

PubMed Central

Objectives We investigated whether stereotypes unconsciously influence the thinking and behavior of physicians, as they have been shown to do in other professional settings, such as among law enforcement personnel and teachers. Methods We conducted 2 studies to examine whether stereotypes are implicitly activated in physicians. Study 1 assessed what diseases and treatments doctors associate with African Americans. Study 2 presented these (and control terms) to doctors as part of a computerized task. Subliminal images of African American and White men appeared prior to each word, and reaction times to words were recorded. Results When primed with an African American face, doctors reacted more quickly for stereotypical diseases, indicating an implicit association of certain diseases with African Americans. These comprised not only diseases African Americans are genetically predisposed to, but also conditions and social behaviors with no biological association (e.g., obesity, drug abuse). Conclusions We found implicit stereotyping among physicians; faces they never consciously saw altered performance. This suggests that diagnoses and treatment of African American patients may be biased, even in the absence of the practitioner's intent or awareness.

Moskowitz, Gordon B.; Stone, Jeff; Childs, Amanda

2012-01-01

264

Overcoming challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in African Americans.  

PubMed

The incidence of ADHD appears to be similar in African Americans and white populations. However, fewer African-American than white children are diagnosed and treated for ADHD. Reasons for this disparity have not been fully elucidated; causes are most likely complex. Whereas certain barriers to treatment are driven by patients and their families, others are due to limitations in the healthcare system. Patient-driven obstacles to care include inadequate knowledge regarding the symptoms, treatment and consequences of untreated ADHD and fear of overdiagnosis and misdiagnosis. A survey conducted to explore cultural differences between African-American and white respondents found that African Americans were more likely than whites to be unfamiliar with ADHD. In addition, African Americans felt that they were diagnosed with ADHD more often than whites and that teachers blamed ADHD for learning or behavior problems more often in African Americans. Health system barriers include a lack of culturally competent healthcare providers, stereotyping/biases and failure of the clinician to evaluate the child in multiple settings before diagnosis. Strategies to overcome these challenges include increased dissemination of ADHD information through community events; improved training of clinicians in cultural competence; and open communication among parents, clinicians and school personnel. PMID:16350600

Bailey, Rahn K; Owens, Dion L

2005-10-01

265

Overcoming challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in African Americans.  

PubMed Central

The incidence of ADHD appears to be similar in African Americans and white populations. However, fewer African-American than white children are diagnosed and treated for ADHD. Reasons for this disparity have not been fully elucidated; causes are most likely complex. Whereas certain barriers to treatment are driven by patients and their families, others are due to limitations in the healthcare system. Patient-driven obstacles to care include inadequate knowledge regarding the symptoms, treatment and consequences of untreated ADHD and fear of overdiagnosis and misdiagnosis. A survey conducted to explore cultural differences between African-American and white respondents found that African Americans were more likely than whites to be unfamiliar with ADHD. In addition, African Americans felt that they were diagnosed with ADHD more often than whites and that teachers blamed ADHD for learning or behavior problems more often in African Americans. Health system barriers include a lack of culturally competent healthcare providers, stereotyping/biases and failure of the clinician to evaluate the child in multiple settings before diagnosis. Strategies to overcome these challenges include increased dissemination of ADHD information through community events; improved training of clinicians in cultural competence; and open communication among parents, clinicians and school personnel.

Bailey, Rahn K.; Owens, Dion L.

2005-01-01

266

The landscape of recombination in African Americans  

PubMed Central

Recombination, together with mutation, is the ultimate source of genetic variation in populations. We leverage the recent mixture of people of African and European ancestry in the Americas to build a genetic map measuring the probability of crossing-over at each position in the genome, based on about 2.1 million crossovers in 30,000 unrelated African Americans. At intervals of more than three megabases it is nearly identical to a map built in Europeans. At finer scales it differs significantly, and we identify about 2,500 recombination hotspots that are active in people of West African ancestry but nearly inactive in Europeans. The probability of a crossover at these hotspots is almost fully controlled by the alleles an individual carries at PRDM9 (P<10?245). We identify a 17 base pair DNA sequence motif that is enriched in these hotspots, and is an excellent match to the predicted binding target of African-enriched alleles of PRDM9.

Hinch, Anjali G.; Tandon, Arti; Patterson, Nick; Song, Yunli; Rohland, Nadin; Palmer, Cameron D.; Chen, Gary K.; Wang, Kai; Buxbaum, Sarah G.; Akylbekova, Meggie; Aldrich, Melinda C.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; Amos, Christopher; Bandera, Elisa V.; Berndt, Sonja I.; Bernstein, Leslie; Blot, William J.; Bock, Cathryn H.; Boerwinkle, Eric; Cai, Qiuyin; Caporaso, Neil; Casey, Graham; Cupples, L. Adrienne; Deming, Sandra L.; Diver, W. Ryan; Divers, Jasmin; Fornage, Myriam; Gillanders, Elizabeth M.; Glessner, Joseph; Harris, Curtis C.; Hu, Jennifer J.; Ingles, Sue A.; Isaacs, Williams; John, Esther M.; Kao, W. H. Linda; Keating, Brendan; Kittles, Rick A.; Kolonel, Laurence N.; Larkin, Emma; Le Marchand, Loic; McNeill, Lorna H.; Millikan, Robert C.; Murphy, Adam; Musani, Solomon; Neslund-Dudas, Christine; Nyante, Sarah; Papanicolaou, George J.; Press, Michael F.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Reiner, Alex P.; Rich, Stephen S.; Rodriguez-Gil, Jorge L.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Rybicki, Benjamin A.; Schwartz, Ann G.; Signorello, Lisa B.; Spitz, Margaret; Strom, Sara S.; Thun, Michael J.; Tucker, Margaret A.; Wang, Zhaoming; Wiencke, John K.; Witte, John S.; Wrensch, Margaret; Wu, Xifeng; Yamamura, Yuko; Zanetti, Krista A.; Zheng, Wei; Ziegler, Regina G.; Zhu, Xiaofeng; Redline, Susan; Hirschhorn, Joel N.; Henderson, Brian E.; Taylor, Herman A.; Price, Alkes L.; Hakonarson, Hakon; Chanock, Stephen J.; Haiman, Christopher A.; Wilson, James G.; Reich, David; Myers, Simon R.

2011-01-01

267

Metabolic syndrome in African Americans: views on making lifestyle changes.  

PubMed

This study explores African American adults' understanding of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and their motivations for making lifestyle changes. African Americans have a greater risk for components of MetS, such as hypertension. Three focus groups were conducted with African American adults (n = 11) with MetS. Content analysis revealed five themes: Threat of Poor Health, Building Trust With Providers, Gaining Social Support, Seeking Culturally Acceptable Alternatives, and Getting on Track and Staying on Track. Lifestyle interventions for African Americans with MetS need to focus on building trust, developing self-monitoring skills, social support, and identifying low-cost/convenient opportunities for physical activity. PMID:20220030

Kirkendoll, Kenya; Clark, Patricia C; Grossniklaus, Daurice; Igho-Pemu, Pricilla; Mullis, Rebecca; Dunbar, Sandra B

2010-04-01

268

African American Women’s Preparation for Childbirth From the Perspective of African American Health-Care Providers  

PubMed Central

Preparation for birthing has focused primarily on Caucasian women. No studies have explored African American women’s birth preparation. From the perceptions of 12 African American maternity health-care providers, this study elicited perceptions of the ways in which pregnant African American women prepare for childbirth. Focus group participants answered seven semistructured questions. Four themes emerged: connecting with nurturers, traversing an unresponsive system, the need to be strong, and childbirth classes not a priority. Recommendations for nurses and childbirth educators include: (a) self-awareness of attitudes toward African Americans, (b) empowering of clients for birthing, (c) recognition of the role that pregnant women’s mothers play, (d) tailoring of childbirth classes for African American women, and (e) research on how racism influences pregnant African American women’s preparation for birthing.

Abbyad, Christine; Robertson, Trina Reed

2011-01-01

269

Rejected Bullies or Popular Leaders? The Social Relations of Aggressive Subtypes of Rural African American Early Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher assessments of interpersonal characteristics were used to identify subtypes of rural African American early adolescents (161 boys and 258 girls). Teacher ratings of interpersonal characteristics were used to identify popular and unpopular aggressive subtypes for both boys and girls. Unpopular aggressive youths did not have elevated levels of rejected sociometric status but were more likely to have lower levels

Thomas W. Farmer; David B. Estell; Jennifer L. Bishop; Keri K. ONeal; Beverley D. Cairns

2003-01-01

270

Do Gender Differences in Help Avoidance Vary by Ethnicity? An Examination of African American and European American Students During Early Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research examined whether the nature of gender differences varies by race for two types of academic engagement in the classroom (help avoidance and voice with the teacher) in a sample of early adolescents (N = 456; 55% female, 60% African American and 40% European American) making the transition to middle school. Growth curve analyses indicated that help avoidance

Allison M. Ryan; S. Serena Shim; Shawn A. Lampkins-uThando; Sarah M. Kiefer; Geneene N. Thompson

2009-01-01

271

Microevolution of African American dental morphology.  

PubMed

The African American (AA) gene pool is primarily the result of gene flow between two biologically disparate groups: West Africans (WA) and Americans of western European descent (EA). This research utilizes characteristics of dental morphology to trace genetic relationships among WA, western Europeans (EU), AA, and European Americans. Dental morphological traits are useful for this purpose because they are heritable, do not remodel during life (although they can be lost to wear or pathology), and can be compared equally among samples from past and present populations. The results of this research provide new information about human microevolution through time and space in a biocultural setting. The mean measure of divergence is used to analyze dental morphological data from 1,265 individuals in 25 samples grouped by ancestry and time. Three hypotheses associated with admixture in AA are tested. When compared with known history, results from dental morphological data are equivocal in documenting admixture in AA. Dental morphological traits do appear to reflect admixture in AA. However, changes in trait frequencies do not closely correspond with important cultural events and trends such as the institutionalized racism of the Civil War and Jim Crow era. Results are mixed concerning whether AA with greater admixture were more likely to take part in the Great Migration to southern urban centers and to the North. PMID:17243125

Edgar, Heather J H

2007-04-01

272

Can any teacher teach sexuality and HIV\\/AIDS? Perspectives of South African Life Orientation teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we explore the perceived desirable characteristics of South African Life Orientation teachers for teaching sexuality and HIV\\/AIDS. We also investigate the extent to which these characteristics can be understood as parts of a role script for teaching HIV\\/AIDS and sexuality. Data were collected from teachers who taught Grade Eight and Grade Nine students in South African public

Arnfinn Helleve; Alan J. Flisher; Hans Onya; Wanjiru M?koma; Knut-Inge Klepp

2011-01-01

273

Alcohol-Related Consequences in African American and European American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 50% of college students report a heavy drinking episode in the past 2 weeks. This pattern of heavy episodic drinking places them at risk for experiencing alcohol-related problems. In addition, important ethnic differences exist between European American and African American college students in terms of drinking. European American college students report consuming more alcohol than African American college students,

Jessica R. Skidmore; James G. Murphy; Matthew Martens; Ashley A. Dennhardt

2012-01-01

274

Using the Moral Vision of African American Stories to Empower Low-Income African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of in-depth interviews with 30 low-income African American mothers who told their children Brer Rabbit stories, this article discusses the moral values the women conveyed. During sto rytelling, the women distanced themselves from Christian views of the absolute evil of tricks to interpret Brer Rabbit's tricks as clever and protective of the small and defenseless. Intervention strategies

Annie Ruth Leslie

1998-01-01

275

An Annotated Bibliography of Reference Sources on African American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lists a sample of materials on African-American women available at the Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection of Temple University (Pennsylvania). Focuses on sources of biographical data and various types of anthologies. (MMU)|

Berhanu, Aslaku

1998-01-01

276

Decline of African American Enlistment in the United States Army.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph will argue that Black Americans, who have historically enlisted in the Army in overwhelming proportions with respect to national populations, are now pursuing other opportunities outside of the Army. The U.S. Army and African Americans have...

A. A. Neal

2008-01-01

277

"Niggaz Dyin' Don't Make No News": Exploring the Intellectual Work of an African American Urban Adolescent Boy in an After-School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, and from the standpoint of an African American woman teacher/researcher, the author explores what happened when one African American adolescent boy known inside of school as a "severely disengaged" student cultivated literacy practices and events of his own volition in an after-school program. The author asks, how does race and…

Staples, Jeanine M.

2012-01-01

278

"Niggaz Dyin' Don't Make No News": Exploring the Intellectual Work of an African American Urban Adolescent Boy in an After-School Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, and from the standpoint of an African American woman teacher/researcher, the author explores what happened when one African American adolescent boy known inside of school as a "severely disengaged" student cultivated literacy practices and events of his own volition in an after-school program. The author asks, how does race and…

Staples, Jeanine M.

2012-01-01

279

Violence Prevention Among African American Adolescent Males  

PubMed Central

Objective To test psychosocial mediators of the effects of an intervention in reducing the rate of growth of violence among adolescents. Method Five hundred and seventy-one African American adolescent males participated in this randomized trial. Multilevel modeling techniques were used to ascertain both intervention and mediated effects. Results Intervention significantly reduced rate of growth of violence and 5 social and psychological factors in the treatment group relative to the control group. Four of these social and psychological factors were found to be complete mediators between the intervention and its preventive effects. Conclusion Changing psychological mediating variables is central to reducing youth violence.

Ngwe, Job E.; Liu, Li C.; Flay, Brian R.; Segawa, Eisuke

2009-01-01

280

A culturally competent model of care for African Americans.  

PubMed

African Americans are one of the largest ethnic groups in the United States. Data from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census (2001) reveal that there are approximately 34,333,000 African Americans residing in the United States, representing 12.1% of the total population. The African-American population is expected to increase to 40.2 million by 2010 (American Demographics, Inc., 1991). Health disparities among the African-American population include life expectancy, heart disease, hypertension, infant morality and morbidity rates, cancer, HIV/AIDS, violence, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and asthma. The purpose of this article is to address the issue of health disparities among African Americans by providing nurses with a practice model of cultural competence. PMID:19331277

Campinha-Bacote, Josepha

281

“The Harvest is Plentiful but the Laborers are Few:” An Interdisciplinary Examination of Career Choice and African American Sororities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teaching was a popular career option pursued by African American women prior to the 1970s; since then, there has been a steady\\u000a decline of interest in the profession. Historically, black sororities helped to recruit new teachers and provided social networks\\u000a of support for professional African American women. In this article, we examine research literature from multiple disciplines\\u000a that links the

Marcia Hernandez; Harriett Arnold

282

Gender differences in mental health characteristics and gambling among African-American adolescent gamblers  

PubMed Central

This study explores gender differences in lifetime and recent substance use/internalizing behavior, childhood externalizing behavior and gambling preferences among African-American youth gamblers. Data are from a prospective study of a community sample of 452 urban African-American youth that began at entry into first grade and was followed for ten years. Gambling was associated with high teacher ratings of childhood externalizing behaviors among males, and with high parent ratings of childhood impulsivity and hyperactivity among both genders. Internalizing behavior was associated with female gambling. No male-female differences in substance use/lifetime conduct disorder among gamblers were noted. Gambling preferences/frequency differed across genders.

Martins, Silvia S.; Storr, Carla L.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.; Chilcoat, Howard D.

2008-01-01

283

The Experiences of African Americans and Euro-Americans with Multiple Sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes the experiences of 76 Euro-Americans and 24 African Americans who have multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic neurological disease which affects 250,000–350,000 Americans. Although the majority of people with MS are young to middle-aged women of Northern European origin, African Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans also have MS. This qualitative study explores the impact of race

Christine A. Loveland

1999-01-01

284

Genome-wide patterns of population structure and admixture in West Africans and African Americans  

PubMed Central

Quantifying patterns of population structure in Africans and African Americans illuminates the history of human populations and is critical for undertaking medical genomic studies on a global scale. To obtain a fine-scale genome-wide perspective of ancestry, we analyze Affymetrix GeneChip 500K genotype data from African Americans (n = 365) and individuals with ancestry from West Africa (n = 203 from 12 populations) and Europe (n = 400 from 42 countries). We find that population structure within the West African sample reflects primarily language and secondarily geographical distance, echoing the Bantu expansion. Among African Americans, analysis of genomic admixture by a principal component-based approach indicates that the median proportion of European ancestry is 18.5% (25th–75th percentiles: 11.6–27.7%), with very large variation among individuals. In the African-American sample as a whole, few autosomal regions showed exceptionally high or low mean African ancestry, but the X chromosome showed elevated levels of African ancestry, consistent with a sex-biased pattern of gene flow with an excess of European male and African female ancestry. We also find that genomic profiles of individual African Americans afford personalized ancestry reconstructions differentiating ancient vs. recent European and African ancestry. Finally, patterns of genetic similarity among inferred African segments of African-American genomes and genomes of contemporary African populations included in this study suggest African ancestry is most similar to non-Bantu Niger-Kordofanian-speaking populations, consistent with historical documents of the African Diaspora and trans-Atlantic slave trade.

Bryc, Katarzyna; Auton, Adam; Nelson, Matthew R.; Oksenberg, Jorge R.; Hauser, Stephen L.; Williams, Scott; Froment, Alain; Bodo, Jean-Marie; Wambebe, Charles; Tishkoff, Sarah A.; Bustamante, Carlos D.

2009-01-01

285

African American Parents' HPV Vaccination Intent and Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes attitudes and social and environmental factors that affect African American parents’ intent to vaccinate their daughters against human papillomavirus (HPV). Thirty African American parents of daughters aged nine to 17 years and no history of HPV infection completed semi-structured interviews. Interviews addressed factors that influenced intent to vaccinate, perception of community norms related to vaccination, vaccination scenarios

Vetta L. Sanders Thompson; Lauren D. Arnold; Sheri R. Notaro

2012-01-01

286

African American Parental Involvement in Their Children's Middle School Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence African American parents' involvement in their children's middle school experiences. Two focus group interviews were conducted with African American parents. While the participants viewed parent involvement as important, they reported that family structure and socioeconomic…

Archer-Banks, Diane A. M.; Behar-Horenstein, Linda S.

2008-01-01

287

Brother to Brother: Success for African-American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses Brother to Brother, a program designed to help African-American men stay in college and graduate. St. Petersburg College formed this program seven years ago as a means not only of recruiting male African-American students, but also to identify issues that cause them to be at risk for dropping out and to use retention…

Henningsen, Stephanie

2005-01-01

288

Serving African American Children: Child Welfare Perspectives Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection brings together articles by African American authors who are committed to research, policies, and programs affecting African American children and families. The articles are grouped into sections on policy, research, and practice issues; clinical techniques and treatment models; and new perspectives in child welfare. The following…

Jackson, Sondra, Ed.; Brissett-Chapman, Sheryl, Ed.

289

Urban African American PreAdolescent Social Problem Solving Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of two studies focusing on the social problem solving skills of African American preadolescent youth are detailed. In the first study data from a sample of 150 African American children, ages 9 to 11 years, was used to examine the association between type of youth social problem solving approaches applied to hypothetical risk situations and time spent in

Dorian E. Traube; Kelly Taber Chasse; Mary M. McKay; Anjali M. Bhorade; Roberta Paikoff; Stacie D. Young

2007-01-01

290

African Americans Respond Poorly to Hepatitis C Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|African Americans have a significantly lower response rate to treatment for chronic hepatitis C than non-Hispanic Whites, according to a new study led by Duke University Medical Center researchers. Some African Americans--19 percent--did respond to the drug combination of peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin. But in non-Hispanic Whites with the…

Black Issues in Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

291

Judgement Accuracy in Body Preferences among African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined whether African Americans accurately estimated levels of thinness preferred by the opposite gender. College students rated pictures of figures approximating their current figure, their ideal figure, the figure most likely to attract the opposite gender, and the opposite gender figure they found most attractive. African American women…

Patel, Kushal A.; Gray, James J.

2001-01-01

292

Psychosocial Correlates of Smoking Trajectories Among Urban African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little is known of smoking trajectories or of the correlates of smoking trajectories among African American youth. Ninth-grade African American adolescents (n = 566) were interviewed in Year 1 and then were subsequently interviewed annually for 3 additional years. Five trajectories of cigarette smokers were identified: abstainers,…

Fergus, Stevenson; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Caldwell, Cleopatra H.

2005-01-01

293

Higher Education and the Early Education of African American Ministers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The education of African American ministers in the United States has been little researched. Numerous books address the profession of ministry and the education of Blacks in general, but most do not specifically address issues pertaining to the professional education of Black ministers. The majority of the hurdles African Americans faced were primarily in the South and were incurred by

Michael Cooks

2010-01-01

294

Continually Neglected: Situating Natural Disasters in the African American Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is perplexing why natural disasters, as important life-altering events, are seldom viewed as a catalyst for social change in the United States in general but particularly for African Americans. This article addresses a gap in literature by proposing natural disasters as a variable to help understand the African American experience. The authors argue that the first post-Civil War migration

Jason David Rivera; DeMond Shondell Miller

2007-01-01

295

Anxiety Disorders Research With African Americans: Current Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorders in the general population of the United States. Recent findings indicate that the prevalence of certain anxiety disorders may be higher in African Americans. In addition, anxiety disorders in African Americans may be manifested differently. Despite the high prevalence and the suggestion of different patterns of manifestation, a paucity of research exists

Angela M. Neal; Samuel M. Turner

1991-01-01

296

Care and Justice Moral Orientation Among African American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study assessed the moral orientation of African American college students. In addition, we examined whether or not they exhibit the gender difference in moral orientation hypothesized by Gilligan. One hundred sixty-six African American undergraduates at an historically Black university completed the Moral Orientation Scale, which measures care versus justice moral orientation. The students selected an average of 4.39

Pamela L. Knox; N. S. Fagley; Paul M. Miller

2004-01-01

297

Race Consciousness. African-American Studies for the New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of essays represents new scholarship in African American studies, drawing lessons from the past and providing insights into current intellectual trends. Topics such as the culture of America as a culture of race, legacies of slavery and colonialism, crime and welfare politics, and African American cultural studies are addressed.…

Fossett, Judith Jackson, Ed.; Tucker, Jeffrey A., Ed.

298

Mesh diagram cephalometric norms for Americans of African descent  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to establish cephalometric norms for African-American males and females, to compare these measurements with the findings of Alexander's ?Alabama analysis,” and to construct mesh templates for various age groups. The sample we evaluated included 71 African-Americans, divided into four groups: girls (8 to 12 years), boys (8 to 12 years), adolescent females (13 to

Kathy L Bailey; Reginald W Taylor

1998-01-01

299

Panel Session - The Experiences of African American Women Engineering Faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. The goal of this panel session is to share the firsthand experiences of African American women faculty in engineering. It will facilitate a dialogue between African American women faculty and other faculty and administrators on the challenges they face as members of the academy. The dialogue will also discuss how these challenges might be addressed as

S. Adams; C. Berry; C. Brown; C. Grant; P. Mead; S. Smith; I. S. Omer

2006-01-01

300

Food Group Categories of Low-Income African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Describe lay food group categories of low-income African American women and assess the overlap of lay food groups and MyPyramid food groups. Design: A convenience sample of African American mothers from a low-income Chicago neighborhood performed a card-sorting task in which they grouped familiar food items into food groups. Setting:…

Lynch, Elizabeth B.; Holmes, Shane

2011-01-01

301

Work Stress in the Family Life of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated the link between job-related stressors and family life among African Americans. Data from African Americans who participated in the America's Changing Lives survey indicated that job latitude positively affected marital harmony, and physical demands negatively affected marital harmony. Psychosocial demands, job bother, and chronic…

Broman, Clifford L.

2001-01-01

302

African American Women and Breastfeeding: An Integrative Literature Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to present a review of literature regarding factors that influence breastfeeding intentions, initiation, and duration in the African American population. Research related to health disparities experienced by African Americans in the United States, as well as research regarding the protective benefits of breastfeeding for those specific health disparities, are also presented. Community and institutional

Becky S. Spencer; Jane S. Grassley

2012-01-01

303

Board Books Featuring African Americans: Vanishing but Not Entirely Gone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the development of infant and toddler board books (books printed on heavy cardboard and laminated for durability) featuring African Americans and published from 1990 to 2002. Provides a brief overview of the development of board books in general, and suggests criteria for evaluating board books that feature African Americans in…

Mongo, Jonella A.

2002-01-01

304

Culturally Competent Counseling for Religious and Spiritual African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religion and spirituality are deeply rooted in traditional African American culture. Data suggest that African American adolescents maintain higher baseline rates of religious activities and beliefs than their peers (Bachman, Johnston, & O'Malley, 2005; Smith, Faris, Denton, & Regnerus, 2003). Recognizing these data, this article examines…

Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Day-Vines, Norma L.

2008-01-01

305

Negation and the History of African American English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of negation in three corpora representative of early to mid-19th-century African American English. The study examines the negative form "ain't," negative concord to indefinites and verbs, negative inversion and negative postposing. Findings reveal that the negation system of early African American English derived directly from…

Howe, Darin M.

1997-01-01

306

Perceived Racism as a Predictor of Paranoia among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent theoretical models suggest that perceived racism acts as a stressor for African Americans and may be associated with a variety of negative psychological consequences, notably paranoia. Paranoia among African Americans is believed to reflect the lower end of the paranoia continuum based on experiences with racism. Thus, it may be beneficial…

Combs, Dennis R.; Penn, David L.; Cassisi, Jeffrey; Michael, Chris; Wood, Terry; Wanner, Jill; Adams, Scott

2006-01-01

307

Perceived Racism and Encouragement among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial discrimination has negatively affected African Americans in the United States for centuries and produced one of the most publicly recognized histories of social oppression. Extensive research has shown the deleterious effects of racism on African American people and clearly demonstrated that perceived racism and discrimination may…

Rowles, Joanna; Duan, Changming

2012-01-01

308

Employment and Caregiving: Exploration of African American Caregivers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand the challenges African American families face when combining employment commitments and informal caregiving responsibilities, uses data from a sample of 119 African American elder-caregiver dyads. Examines the nature of caregiving relationships and extent to which caregivers' employment statuses affect the hours of care provided.…

Bullock, Karen; Crawford, Sybil L.; Tennstedt, Sharon L.

2003-01-01

309

Sleeping Beauty Redefined: African American Girls in Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the interests, perceptions, and participation of 16 African American girls in a program designed to improve girls' persistence in science, mathematics, and technology (SMT). The girls are among 33 African American and 73 total original participants in "Rural and Urban Images: Voices of Girls in Science, Mathematics, and…

Kusimo, Patricia S.

310

Brother to Brother: Success for African-American Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses Brother to Brother, a program designed to help African-American men stay in college and graduate. St. Petersburg College formed this program seven years ago as a means not only of recruiting male African-American students, but also to identify issues that cause them to be at risk for dropping out and to use retention…

Henningsen, Stephanie

2005-01-01

311

Stalling Out: The Relative Progress of African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The socioeconomic progress of African Americans appears to be in a stalled state. This study analyzes the progress of African Americans toward parity with Whites over a 15- to 20-year period in the following areas: (1) employment; (2) economic development; (3) education; (4) health; (5) housing; and (6) political empowerment. For individual…

Tidwell, Billy J.

312

The we and the usMentoring African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the importance of mentoring in African American women’s selection of higher education as a career choice and in their development as professionals in that career. The research provides recommendations on how African American female administrators in higher education can further advance their career choices and career development. Mentoring has been identified as a factor leading to upward

Kijana Crawford; Danielle Smith

2005-01-01

313

Culturally Competent Counseling for Religious and Spiritual African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Religion and spirituality are deeply rooted in traditional African American culture. Data suggest that African American adolescents maintain higher baseline rates of religious activities and beliefs than their peers (Bachman, Johnston, & O'Malley, 2005; Smith, Faris, Denton, & Regnerus, 2003). Recognizing these data, this article examines…

Moore-Thomas, Cheryl; Day-Vines, Norma L.

2008-01-01

314

African American Street Gangs: A Quest for Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the phenomenon of African American street gangs. It examines the scope of the gang problem, gives a historical review of gangs in America, and examines gang activity and membership for African American youth. Some of the causes for gang formation are delineated, and comprehensive programs for addressing the gang problem are proposed.

Jerome L. Blakemore; Glenda M. Blakemore

1998-01-01

315

Increasing Mammography Screening among African American Women in Rural Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a church-based breast cancer screening education program on mammography attainment by African American women 40 years old and older in rural Alabama. The sample consisted of 192 women who volunteered to participate in the study through 13 African American churches in a rural, economically-depressed Alabama county. The design was

Mary Edith Powell; Vivian Carter; Eunice Bonsi; Gwendolyn Johnson; Licia Williams; Lucile Taylor-Smith; Quanita Hayes; Pamela C. Hull; Van A. Cain; Baqar A. Husaini

2005-01-01

316

Comparison of knowledge and attitudes toward cancer among African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: It has been noted that the African American population in the U.S. bears disproportionately higher cancer morbidity and mortality rates than any racial and ethnic group for most major cancers. Many studies also document that decreased longevity is associated with low educational attainment and other markers of low socioeconomic status (SES), both of which are prevalent in African American

Natalie Thurman; Camille Ragin; Dwight E Heron; Renae J Alford; Cecile Andraos-Selim; Cornelius Bondzi; Jamila A Butcher; Jamison C Coleman; Charity Glass; Barbara Klewien; Aerie T Minor; Diana J Williams; Emanuela Taioli

2009-01-01

317

Culturally Sensitive Research Approaches: An African-American Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that the use of culturally sensitive research approaches in research on African Americans can use the cultural knowledge and experiences of researchers and participants in designing, collecting, and interpreting data. Presents a rationale for using culturally sensitive research approaches for African Americans, a theoretical framework for…

Tillman, Linda C.

2002-01-01

318

Components of School Engagement among African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined how various components of school engagement contribute to the academic performance of African American adolescents. The sample consisted of 499 African American adolescents in Grades 9 to 11. We investigated how adolescents' gender, grade, cognitive functioning, and parental education affect their school engagement and whether…

Sirin, Selcuk R.; Rogers-Sirin, Lauren

2005-01-01

319

Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.

320

HIV Prevention Research for African Americans: Current and Future Directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans experience HIV and AIDS at a rate 10 times greater than the U.S. White population. Although there have been advances in HIV risk-reduction strategies, these efforts have not been as successful in decreasing HIV infection in the African American population. This article reviews the research base of HIV prevention interventions to identify research that will lead to the

Lula A. Beatty; Darrell Wheeler; Juarlyn Gaiter

2004-01-01

321

Culture: A Possible Predictor of Morality for African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the ways in which cultural orientation (communalism and material well-being) and empathy influence the moral reasoning of African American middle to late adolescents. Specifically, this study utilized path analysis to investigate Ward's (1995) hypothesis that a communal orientation would promote morality among African American

Humphries, Marisha L.; Jagers, Robert J.

2009-01-01

322

Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.

323

Higher Education and the Early Education of African American Ministers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The education of African American ministers in the United States has been little researched. Numerous books address the profession of ministry and the education of Blacks in general, but most do not specifically address issues pertaining to the professional education of Black ministers. The majority of the hurdles African Americans faced were…

Cooks, Michael

2010-01-01

324

Schooling and Delinquency among White and African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent delinquency may be a likely consequence of negative school experi - ences, including poor academic performance, low class attendance, and dropping out. Given disparate experiences that African American and White students often encounter in school, this investigation examined the link between delinquency and school behaviors separately for White and African American males at risk for delinquency. In addition, it

KRISTIN E. VOELKL; JOHN W. WELTE; WILLIAM F. WIECZOREK

1999-01-01

325

Effective Education of African American Exceptional Learners: New Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 11 author-contributed papers covering the theory and practice of effective assessment and instruction of African American students with exceptionalities, including both disabilities and giftedness. Emphasis is on effective delivery of empowering services to African American youth and their families. The first seven papers have…

Ford, Bridgie Alexis, Ed.; And Others

326

Effective Education of African American Exceptional Learners: New Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents 11 author-contributed papers covering the theory and practice of effective assessment and instruction of African American students with exceptionalities, including both disabilities and giftedness. Emphasis is on effective delivery of empowering services to African American youth and their families. The first seven papers have…

Ford, Bridgie Alexis, Ed.; And Others

327

Early detection of type 2 diabetes among older African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to determine whether a group of African Americans who had no diagnosis of type 2 diabetes had elevated blood glucose levels and other risk factors indicative of type 2 diabetes. A convenience sample of 20 African American adults 50 years and older participated in the pilot study. Participants were screened for elevated fasting capillary

Ellen D Jones; Laurie Kennedy-Malone; Laurie Wideman

2004-01-01

328

Clustering of Risk Behaviours among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: Individuals may engage in more than one risk behaviour at any given time. The extent to which risk behaviours cluster among African American adults has been largely unexplored. This study examined the prevalence and clustering of three risk behaviours among African American church members: smoking; low moderate-to-vigorous intensity…

Baruth, M.; Addy, C. L.; Wilcox, S.; Dowda, M.

2012-01-01

329

Exposure to Immunization Media Messages among African American Parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. African Americans have low immunization rates, yet little is known about their immunization knowledge, attitudes, and practices or about the effect of outreach to this audience. In Spring 1997, the California Department of Health Services (CDHS) launched a statewide culturally sensitive and ethnically specific media campaign directed toward African Americans. This campaign was preceded by a major Los Angeles

Nan Lashuay; Tom Tjoa; Maria Luisa Zuniga de Nuncio; MaeRetha Franklin; John Elder; Marcy Jones

2000-01-01

330

Genome-wide Breast Cancer Scan in African Americans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This genome-wide association of breast cancer includes over 3,000 African American women with invasive disease and over 3,000 age-matched African American controls from many existing case-control studies of breast cancer in the U.S. In the first year of t...

C. A. Haiman

2009-01-01

331

Genome-Wide Breast Cancer Scan in African Americans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This genome-wide association of breast cancer includes over 3,000 African American women with invasive disease and over 3,000 age-matched African American controls from many existing case-control studies of breast cancer in the U.S. In the first year of t...

C. A. Haiman

2010-01-01

332

The Classroom and the Community: African American Youth Speak Out.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In studying urban schools, researchers have identified several critical curriculum issues related to the miseducation and alienation of African American students. This paper looks at three such issues: the disconnection between the school curriculum and African American students' cultural backgrounds and environments (e.g., black dialect versus…

Clardy, Pauline; Cole-Robinson, Cynthia; Jones, Terrence O'C.; Michie, Gregory

333

Breast cancer in African American women: Epidemiology and tumor biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This review of published data on the epidemiology, pathology, and molecular biology of breast cancer in African American women seeks to identify how the etiology and presentation of the disease differ from those in white women. The crossover from higher to lower age-specific incidence rates in African American women at age 45 cannot be explained by current data on

Bruce J. Trock

1996-01-01

334

African-American Girls’ Dietary Intake while Watching Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Television viewing has been associated with childhood obesity, although the mechanisms that link television viewing to higher BMI have not been established. Therefore, our objectives, in this report, were to describe the amount and types of foods that African-American girls consume while watching television and to examine the associations between African-American girls’ BMI and the food they consume while

Donna M. Matheson; Yun Wang; Lisa M. Klesges; Bettina M. Beech; Helena C. Kraemer; Thomas N. Robinson

2004-01-01

335

Developing culturally sensitive cancer genetics communication aids for African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this project was to develop educational materials to communicate gene- tic health information in a culturally sensi- tive manner. These materials were designed to communicate information about cancer risk, genetic testing options, and health management options in an African American kindred with a known BRCA1 mutation. Educational materials were pilot-tested in four African American focus groups varying

Bonnie Jeanne Baty; Anita Yeomans Kinney; Sara Marie Ellis

2003-01-01

336

African-Americans in Community Colleges. UCLA Community College Bibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent literature on African Americans students at the community college level represents an eclectic body of material. Broadly speaking, this literature has focused on questions concerning African American learning styles, cultural determinants to success, retention issues, and comparative achievement with other minority groups. While the…

McJunkin, Kyle Stewart

2005-01-01

337

African American Educators' Perspectives on the Advanced Placement Opportunity Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines perspectives of educators on the advanced placement opportunity gap for African American students. Using interviews with 11 educators from 10 high schools, we explored their perceptions regarding the impact of a local academic achievement program on the enrollment of African American students in honors and advanced placement…

Taliaferro, Jocelyn DeVance; DeCuir-Gunby, Jessica T.

2008-01-01

338

A Snapshot of African Americans in Higher Education. Mini Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recognition of national African-American History Month, the Institute for Higher Education Policy wishes to highlight the trends and present-day experiences of African-American college students. Recognizing that the society benefits tremendously from an educated citizenry, there must be a renewed commitment to ensuring educational opportunity,…

Institute for Higher Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

339

HIV Treatment in African Americans: Challenges and Opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the current standard of care for HIV infection as well as how health disparities in the HIV care of African Americans present challenges for both providers and patients. The potential side effects in these antiretroviral treatment regimens that may be a source of additional challenges in treating African Americans are highlighted. A brief review of these issues

Victoria A. Cargill; Valerie E. Stone; M. Renee Robinson

2004-01-01

340

Foreign-Born African American Males: Turning Barriers into Opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans, both U.S. and foreign born, confront multidimensional problems that range from prejudicial perceptions to illusory generalizations. For many foreign-born African American males, problems include difficulty adjusting to a new cultural environment, xenophobia, and miscategorization. Despite such problems, they are able to succeed and excel in their chosen professions. In this article, case studies are used to reveal how

Festus E. Obiakor; Sunday O. Obi; Patrick Grant

2000-01-01

341

Race and gender in play practices: young African American males  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a study with young African American men, to gain a better understanding of the impacts of cultural and gender identity on play practices and to explore the relationship between cultural play practices and interest in computing. Our findings indicate that while young African American men play video games frequently, their objectives in playing may be

Betsy DiSalvo; Amy Bruckman

2010-01-01

342

Building on Strengths: Intergenerational Practice with African American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intergenerational kinship and multigenerational families (three or more generations) have been a source of strength for African Americans. This article presents a culturally responsive intergenerational practice model for working with African American families that draws on this legacy. The model looks at intergenerational kinship and…

Waites, Cheryl

2009-01-01

343

The Perceived Realism of African American Portrayals on Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on questionnaire responses from 412 undergraduate students, this study sought to examine specific perceptions (i.e., occupational roles, negative personality characteristics, low achieving status, and positive stereotypes) of African American portrayals on television. Results revealed that television viewers perceive the occupational roles and personality characteristics that African Americans portray on television as real or true to life. On the contrary,

Narissra M. Punyanunt-Carter

2008-01-01

344

African American males’ attitudes toward marriage: An exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last twenty-five years, marriage rates among African American males have declined dramatically (Statistical Abstract of the United States 1995, 1995). In 1970, less than 25 percent of all African American men had never married (Statis- tical Abstract of the United States, 1995). By 1994, the percent- age of never married men had increased to 42.4 percent, and only

1999-01-01

345

Nonfatal occupational injuries among African American women by industrial group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study examined characteristics of nonfatal work-related injuries treated in emergency departments (EDs) among African American women by industry in the U.S. in 1996. Method: Injury data were from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS). Employment data were from the Current Population Survey (CPS). Results: In 1996, African American women, age 16 or older, were treated in EDs

Guang-Xiang Chen; Kitty J. Hendricks

2001-01-01

346

"Teaching while Black": Narratives of African American Student Affairs Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|African American faculty have historically been underrepresented within predominantly white institutions (PWIs) and deal with academic isolation, marginalization of their scholarship, and racial hostility. Little is known about the experiences of African American faculty who teach in student affairs graduate programs. The purpose of this study…

Patton, Lori D.; Catching, Christopher

2009-01-01

347

Racialized Sexual Harassment in the Lives of African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, scholars who investigate sexual harassment have been disturbingly silent about issues facing women of color. The current study describes results of a qualitative study of sexual and racial harassment conducted with 37 African American women. These data indicate that African American women cannot easily separate issues of race and gender when considering their personal accounts of victimization, which

Nicole T. Buchanan; Alayne J. Ormerod

2002-01-01

348

Parental Attachments and Psychological Distress among African American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|African American college students attending predominately White institutions often encounter stressors that their Caucasian peers do not experience. Because of these unique stressors, African American students are more prone to experience psychological distress. Identifying factors that counteract psychological distress among these students is…

Love, Keisha McGhee

2008-01-01

349

Culturally Specific Dance to Reduce Obesity in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides evidence of a culturally specific dance intervention to decrease obesity as measured by body fat and body mass index (BMI) in African American women. A community partnership was formed with two African American churches to develop an intervention to address the issue of obesity. The culturally specific dance intervention was delivered two times per week for 8

Carolyn J. Murrock; Faye A. Gary

2010-01-01

350

Sociocultural Stress, Smoking Risk, and Cessation Among African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The common explanation as to why individuals smoke is that the act of smoking relieves psychological stress, yet very few studies have examined the association between stress and smoking from a sociocultural perspective among African American women. The current study examined the paradigm of sociocultural stress and its association between smoking risk and likelihood of quitting among African American women.

Anita Fernander; Mitzi Schumacher; Aashir Nasim

2008-01-01

351

A model for pastoral counseling with African American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The model of pastoral counseling ministry developed in this dissertation is intended to make visible a comprehensive resource to the pastoral counselor for counseling with African American women. The problem of the dissertation is to make visible theological and psychological-ethical resources for the construction of a model of pastoral counseling ministry for counseling some African American women clients. The model

Elizabeth Johnson Walker

2000-01-01

352

CULTURALLY COMPETENT INTERVENTIONS FOR ABUSED AND SUICIDAL AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on interventions with low-income, African American women who are survivors of domestic abuse and who have made one or more suicide attempts. We review the literature on domestic abuse and suicidal behavior in African American women, and discuss the association between abuse and suicide in this population. Next, we propose an integrated theoretical model for understanding suicidal

Reva L. Heron; Heather B. Twomey; Diana P. Jacobs; Nadine J. Kaslow

1997-01-01

353

Enriching Inclusive Learning: African Americans in Historic Costume  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educating students to embrace diversity and value all people is a core value of educators in family and consumer sciences (FCS). For instructors in FCS, integrating the contributions of African Americans--particularly in textiles and clothing--can be an inclusive learning opportunity. The authors compiled resources on African Americans and…

Ratute, Ashley; Marcketti, Sara B.

2009-01-01

354

Recovery Management and African Americans: A Report from the Field  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existence of numerous ethnic and racial disparities suggests that African Americans and other people of color are particularly ill served by the prevailing acute-care approaches to addiction treatment. This article (1) explores recovery management as an alternative framework for providing effective addiction treatment for African Americans; (2) illustrates the implementation of this approach by presenting examples from the Amistad

Ijeoma Achara-Abrahams; Arthur C. Evans; Jose Ortiz; Diana Lopez Villegas; Joseph ODell; OmiSade Ali; Dietra Hawkins

2012-01-01

355

Perceived Racism and Encouragement among African American Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Racial discrimination has negatively affected African Americans in the United States for centuries and produced one of the most publicly recognized histories of social oppression. Extensive research has shown the deleterious effects of racism on African American people and clearly demonstrated that perceived racism and discrimination may…

Rowles, Joanna; Duan, Changming

2012-01-01

356

Beyond Statistics: African American Male Persistence in Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this qualitative case study that consists of six African American male participants is to examine, describe, and analyze African American male persistence factors at a community college in the midwest of the United States. The study uses qualitative content analysis as a research method that provides a systematic and objective…

Dickens, Manuel Dewayne

2012-01-01

357

Communicative Functions of African American Head Start Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds are more often over- and underreferred for special education services than children from the mainstream culture. In fact, African American children, particularly boys, are more likely to be expelled from preschool programs. Differences in African American communication styles may be…

Hwa-Froelich, Deborah; Kasambira, Danai C.; Moleski, Amy Marie

2007-01-01

358

Enriching Inclusive Learning: African Americans in Historic Costume  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educating students to embrace diversity and value all people is a core value of educators in family and consumer sciences (FCS). For instructors in FCS, integrating the contributions of African Americans--particularly in textiles and clothing--can be an inclusive learning opportunity. The authors compiled resources on African Americans and…

Ratute, Ashley; Marcketti, Sara B.

2009-01-01

359

Resiliency Instructional Tactics: African American Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools and classrooms, if well conceived, can serve as protective environments for the positive development of African American students with learning disabilities (LD) (Keogh & Weisner, 1993). Many African American students who lack resiliency often struggle with life's challenges and may be predisposed to negative outcomes in life, so the…

Jones, Vita L.

2011-01-01

360

The Political Agenda of Health Care for African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Health care reform presents both challenges and opportunities for African Americans. On the one hand, reform could result in the closure of black medical institutions and fewer black physicians. On the other hand, reform gives African Americans an opportunity to bargain for available resources to gain equality in health care services. To this end, the Volunteer State Medical Association has

Thomas J. Brooks III

1997-01-01

361

The Political Agenda of Health Care for African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care reform presents both challenges and opportunities for African Americans. On the one hand, reform could result in the closure of black medical institutions and fewer black physicians. On the other hand, reform gives African Americans an opportunity to bargain for available resources to gain equality in health care services. To this end, the Volunteer State Medical Association has

Thomas J. Brooks III

1997-01-01

362

African Americans and Recovery from Severe Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This hermeneutic phenomenological study examined the lived experience of African-American persons recovering from serious and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Semi-structured interviews were conducted at three time points (6, 12, and 18 months) with nine African Americans with SPMI. A culturally sensitive perspective informed the data analysis. Interviews were transcribed, read, and coded to cluster thematic aspects in each case and

Marilyn Peterson Armour; William Bradshaw; David Roseborough

2009-01-01

363

Emotional use of music by African American adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The music industry and the media have painted a biased, monolithic, negative picture of African American adolescents, their music choices, and emotional uses of music. To further investigate this media bias and understand this relationship, African American adolescents (n = 176) were surveyed as to their emotions associated with music and their mood management uses of music, especially their favorite

Ernest A. Hakanen

1995-01-01

364

Support Needs of Overweight African American Women for Weight Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: To examine social support needs of obese and overweight African American women for weight loss. Methods: Focus groups were conducted with overweight and obese African American women. Data were analyzed using standard grounded theory text analysis. Results: Our middle-aged (45.7 years; SD = 12.6) women (N = 66) were interested in…

Thomas, Janet L.; Stewart, Diana W.; Lynam, Ian M.; Daley, Christine M.; Befort, Christie; Scherber, Robyn M.; Mercurio, Andrea E.; Okuyemi, Kolawole S.; Ahluwalia, Jasjit S.

2009-01-01

365

African-American Grandmothers as Health Educators in the Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|More than 18,000 adolescents die each year in the United States from bicycle, motorcycle, car, and truck accidents. This study sought to understand the role of African-American grandmothers as prevention-oriented health educators in the family. Full Model Fitted Regression Analyses were conducted on a sample of African-American grandmothers (N =…

Watson, Jeffrey A.; Randolph, Suzanne M.; Lyons, James L.

2005-01-01

366

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history…

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

367

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today's Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate that, although African American women do not need different skills sets than non-minority

Sharon K. Epps

2008-01-01

368

African American Women Leaders in Academic Research Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective leadership and increasing diversity are central concerns in the library profession. Using qualitative interviewing and research methods, this study identifies the attributes, knowledge, and skills that African American women need in order to be successful leaders in today’s Association of Research Libraries (ARL). These findings indicate that, although African American women do not need different skills sets than non-minority

Sharon K. Epps

2008-01-01

369

Retaining African-American Students through the Freshman Seminar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the success of the Freshman Seminar Program at the University of South Carolina, designed to retain African-American students. Discusses the personal and social development needs of African-American students and how the Freshman Seminar contributes to their development. Presents data showing retention results. (MAB)

Fidler, Paul P.; Godwin, Margi A.

1994-01-01

370

The College Life Experiences of African American Women Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study provides a descriptive analysis of four areas of African American women student athletes' college life experiences: academic performance; alienation and abuse; perceived social advantage as the result of athletics; and life satisfaction. Multivariate comparisons were made between the four areas of college life experiences of 154 African American women student athletes and 793 White women student athletes,

Robert M. Sellers; Gabriel P. Kuperminc; Alphonse Damas

1997-01-01

371

Plenary-AA : Cancer and the African American Experience  

Cancer.gov

The first plenary of the EPEC-O (Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Oncology) Self-Study: Cultural Considerations When Caring for African Americans explores the many factors that lead to inequalities in cancer care outcomes for African Americans.

372

Training African-American residents in the 20th century.  

PubMed Central

Bellevue Hospital, the oldest public hospital in the United States and a lineal descendant of an infirmary for slaves, accepted its first African-American resident, Dr. Ubert Conrad Vincent, in 1918. This occurred at a time when many medical centers were not accepting African-American residents. At the end of WWII, one-third of the accredited medical schools still barred African Americans. However, Bellevue Hospital continued to train African-American residents. Between the 1920s and 1940s four African Americans matriculated at Bellevue Hospital. There were six in the 1950s, four in the 1960s, and 25 in the 1970s. By the 1980s, 40 African Americans matriculated, and between 1990 and 1995, 61 matriculated. Despite its historic first, Bellevue lagged slightly behind the national average. While the number of African-American residents occupying U.S. residency slots increased from 2.8% in 1978 to 6.5% in 1996, African Americans comprised 3.6% of residency slots at Bellevue between 1985-1995. Currently, only 7% of practicing physicians and 5% in faculty positions are latino, African-American, and Native American. Increasing the number of under-represented minority (URM) physicians is important to the United States, as URM physicians are more likely to serve the poor and uninsured, therefore improving the overall healthcare of the underprivileged. A study by the Association of American Medical Colleges indicated that minority medical school graduates were five times more likely to report that they planned to serve minority populations than other graduates. In their position paper, the American College of Physicians expressed the belief that increasing the number of URM physicians will help reduce healthcare disparities that can hurt minority populations and lead to poor health outcomes. The Supreme Court acknowledged the importance of racial diversity by upholding the University of Michigan affirmative action admissions policy in its June 2003 ruling. URM physicians are needed not only to serve minority populations but also to serve as mentors and role models for prospective and current students. The first African-American resident to graduate from the Bellevue Residency Program did indeed treat the underserved, as Dr. Vincent founded the Vincent Sanatorium, dedicated to treating African-American patients, and training African-American nurses and doctors. Over the course of the 20th century, Bellevue Hospital has trained increasing numbers of African-American physicians. It is hoped that, like their predecessor, Dr. Vincent, they will provide care to underserved communities and to the community as a whole, as well as serve as role models for generations to come.

Green-McKenzie, Judith

2004-01-01

373

African-American caregivers' breast health behavior  

PubMed Central

This study utilizes a stress and coping framework which includes cognitive appraisal, personal and environmental resources, coping and stress to examine factors related to African-American caregivers’ breast cancer screenings, including mammograms, clinical examinations and self-examinations. Using data from the Black Rural and Urban Caregivers Mental Health and Functioning Study, we performed separate logistic regressions for each type of breast cancer screening. Results reveal that having a regular doctor checkup (coping), care recipients having a cancer diagnosis (cognitive appraisal, and living in urban areas (environment resources) are associated with receiving a mammogram. Having greater income, having at least a high school degree (both personal resources) and having a regular doctor checkup (coping) are associated with receiving a clinical examination. Increased caregiver strain (stress), being 40 years old or older, social support (coping) and living in rural areas are associated with performing a self-examination. Targeting African-American caregivers, particularly in rural areas, for increased education on the importance of receiving breast cancer screenings is crucial to addressing health disparities. Making resources available, encouraging caregivers to get a clinical examination and a mammogram and directing public education toward caregivers are important points of intervention.

Inoue, Megumi; Pickard, Joseph G.; Welch-Saleeby, Patricia; Johnson, Sharon

2009-01-01

374

Horizontal and vertical dimensions of individualism-collectivism: a comparison of African Americans and European Americans.  

PubMed

The current study examined ethnic differences in horizontal and vertical dimensions of individualism and collectivism among 96 African American and 149 European American college students. Participants completed the 32-item Singelis et al. (1995) Individualism/Collectivism Scale. Multivariate analyses of variance results yielded a main effect for ethnicity, with African Americans being significantly higher on horizontal individualism and European Americans being higher on horizontal collectivism and vertical individualism. A moderated multiple regression analysis indicated that ethnicity significantly moderated the relationship between individualism and collectivism. Individualism and collectivism were significantly and positively associated among African Americans, but not associated among European Americans. In addition, collectivism was related to grade point average for African Americans but not for European Americans. Contrary to the prevailing view of individualism-collectivism being unipolar, orthogonal dimensions, results provide support for individualism-collectivism to be considered as unipolar, related dimensions for African Americans. PMID:18954169

Komarraju, Meera; Cokley, Kevin O

2008-10-01

375

Differences in the Manifest Dream Content of Anglo-American, Mexican-American, and African-American College Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares African Americans' manifest dream content with dreams of Anglo-American and Mexican American peers. Some dream elements that were examined included emotions, environmental press, achievement outcomes, and social interactions. Comparisons indicate that African Americans perceive themselves more strongly as victims of their fate rather than…

Kane, Connie M.

1994-01-01

376

Factors influencing prostate cancer screening in African American men.  

PubMed

African American men have the highest prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates worldwide, but have lower screening rates compared with Caucasian men. The purpose of the study was to identify social ecological factors that affect screening behaviors in African American men, knowledge that could be integral to the design of culturally appropriate interventions. The exploratory study included 60 African American males recruited from the greater Detroit metropolitan area. Social ecological variables examined included age, marital status, presence of health insurance, education, health values and behaviors, physician trust, and perceived stress coping (John Henryism). Analyses included descriptives, chi-square tests, one-way ANOVAs, and logistic regression. Findings concluded that a parsimonious model consisting of two variables (age and health values) was predictive. African American males, > or =50 years, with higher positive health values were more likely to obtain screening. Findings imply the importance of health values and targeted educational and screening interventions for younger African American men. PMID:20696846

Lehto, Rebecca H; Song, Lixin; Stein, Karen F; Coleman-Burns, Patricia

2010-08-09

377

The Role of African American-Owned Radio in Health Promotion: Community Service Projects Targeting Young African American Males.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys African-American-owned radio stations to determine how effective they are in addressing health issues among African Americans. Responses from more than 50 stations indicate that they serve as change agents by encouraging community partnerships and emphasizing drug awareness, nonviolent behavior, education, and other health issues. (SLD)

Johnson, Phylis; Birk, Thomas A.

1993-01-01

378

Gender Differences among Abused Older African Americans and African American Abusers in an Elder Abuse Provider Agency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives of this study were to examine gender differences among mistreated older African Americans and their perpetrators. The analysis was based on substantiated elder abuse cases in Illinois. Gender differences regarding six forms of abuse were examined as were demographic and barrier differences among victims and perpetrators. Overall, older African Americans were more susceptible to financial exploitation and intentional neglect.

Agber Dimah; Keren Patricia Dimah

2002-01-01

379

Stroke Risk Factor Profiles in African American Women An Interim Report From the African-American Antiplatelet Stroke Prevention Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—If sex differences in stroke risk factor profiles exist among African Americans in the United States, prevention strategies will need to reflect those differences. African Americans and women have been underrepresented in stroke prevention studies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether medical and lifestyle factors differ among women and men who have enrolled in the

Bradford B. Worrall; Karen C. Johnston; Gail Kongable; Elena Hung; DeJuran Richardson; Philip B. Gorelick

380

African American and European American Mothers' Beliefs About Negative Emotions and Emotion Socialization Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The authors examined mothers’ beliefs about their children's negative emotions and their emotion socialization practices. Design. A total of 65 African American and 137 European American mothers of 5-year-old children reported their beliefs and typical responses to children's negative emotions, and mothers’ emotion teaching practices were observed. Results. African American mothers reported that the display of negative emotions was

Jackie A. Nelson; Esther M. Leerkes; Marion OBrien; Susan D. Calkins; Stuart Marcovitch

2012-01-01

381

Breast Cancer in African-American Women: Differences in Tumor Biology from European-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disparities exist between African-American and European- American women in the incidence and nature of breast cancer. African-American women are more often diagnosed with breast cancer at an earlier age and with more aggressive disease, characterized by higher grade and negative estrogen and progesterone receptor status. Recent findings reveal specific gene expression patterns associated with the more aggressive breast cancers observed

Kandace Amend; David Hicks; Christine B. Ambrosone

382

Eating Disorders Among Urban and Rural African American and European American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is alleged that eating disorders are nonexistent in African American women and that eating disorder symptomatology occurs predominantly among White middle class women (Kumanyika, Wilson, & Guilford-Davenport, 1993; Smolak & Striegel-Moore, 2001). This research attempted to identify differences in eating disorder symptomatology in African American and White American women. An eating disorder is a disability because it can damage

Cherie A. Bagley; Colleen D. Character; Lisamarie Shelton

2003-01-01

383

Relationships Among Obesity, Inflammation, and Insulin Resistance in African Americans and West Africans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several research studies in different populations indicate that inflammation may be the link between obesity and insulin resistance (IR). However, this relationship has not been adequately explored among African Americans, an ethnic group with disproportionately high rates of obesity and IR. In this study, we conducted a comparative study of the relationship among adiposity, inflammation, and IR in African Americans

Ayo P. Doumatey; Kerrie S. Lashley; Hanxia Huang; Jie Zhou; Guanjie Chen; Albert Amoah; Kofi Agyenim-Boateng; Johnnie Oli; Olufemi Fasanmade; Clement A. Adebamowo; Adebowale A. Adeyemo; Charles N. Rotimi

2010-01-01

384

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in adult African Americans.  

PubMed

We have previously shown that idiopathic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the most common non-proliferative primary glomerulopathy in adult African Americans. In this report we present our experience with treated FSGS in 15 such patients followed over five years. They were all treated with prednisone 60 mg daily for three months, followed by a slow tapering. In addition, two patients later had cyclophosphamide, and five had enalapril. At entry hypertension was present in 73% of the patients, nephrotic syndrome in 87%, and elevated serum creatinine (> or = 1.4 mg/dl) in 40%. Five of the 15 patients (33%) developed end-stage renal failure (ESRF), one of them having a "malignant" course after the advent of pregnancy. Two patients (13%) have chronic renal insufficiency (CRI; serum creatinine > 2.5 mg/dl); three (20%) have mild renal insufficiency (serum creatinine 1.4-2.5 mg/dl), and five patients (33%) have normal renal function. The cumulative renal survival was 93% at five years, but only 26% at eight years. At last follow-up all the ten patients who did not develop ESRF were in partial remission (urinary protein of 1.3 g/day +/- 1.21), but 4 of the 5 patients who did not develop ESRF had no prolonged partial remission of nephrotic syndrome. Neither the initial clinical parameters not the use of enalapril correlated with the renal outcome (univariate analysis). However, 4 of the 5 patients who developed ESRF had elevated serum creatinine at entry, versus only 2 of the 10 not developing ESRF (p = 0.09 by two-sided, and 0.045 by one-sided Fisher's exact test). We conclude that the short-term renal outcome in nephrotic adult African Americans with treated FSGS is comparable to that of the non-African Americans, but their long-term prognosis may be poorer. Patients developing ESRF were more likely to present with elevated serum creatinine. Enalapril did not seem to modify the course of renal disease, but its utility and that of other ACE inhibitors in the treatment of FSGS must await prospective randomized studies. PMID:8953119

Bakir, A A; Share, D S; Levy, P S; Arruda, J A; Dunea, G

1996-11-01

385

Marriage Among African Americans: What Does the Research Reveal?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reveals that African Americans are the least likely to marry, when they marry, they do so later and spend less\\u000a time married than White Americans, and they are the least likely to stay married. Factors contributing to the marriage status\\u000a of African Americans include structural, cultural, individual and interactive factors. Structural factors include the disparity\\u000a in sex ratios

Patricia Dixon

2009-01-01

386

Exploring Risk in Early Adolescent African American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies were conducted to explore the degree to which single- and multiple-risk profiles were evident in samples of African American early adolescents in low-income inner-city, rural, and suburban schools. Study 1 examined early adolescent risk status (i.e., single, multiple) in relation to later adjustment in a representative sample (70% European American, 30% African American). Youth who experienced a single

Thomas W. Farmer; LeShawndra N. Price; Keri K. O'Neal; Man-Chi Leung; Jennifer B. Goforth; Beverley D. Cairns; Le'Roy E. Reese

2004-01-01

387

African American health disparities in lung cancer.  

PubMed

Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States and globally. African Americans experience significant differences in lung cancer incidence and mortality. Smoking is the single greatest risk for lung cancer, making smoking cessation programs a potentially fruitful approach for reducing the risk of lung cancer. Despite clinical practice guidelines that prompt nurses to advise patients to quit smoking, only a small percentage of nurses do so. Minority patients are less likely than Whites to receive smoking cessation advice. This article discusses recent findings on the pathophysiology and risks for lung cancer. The literature on smoking cessation research is examined to determine the features of successful cessation interventions. Recommendations are offered for enhancing tobacco cessation efforts in nursing practice, education, and research. PMID:23538254

Green, Pauline M; Guerrier-Adams, Suzy; Okunji, Priscilla O; Schiavone, Deborah; Smith, Joann E

2013-04-01

388

African-American Women: Online Archival Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Duke University has a wealth of digitized materials related to African American women. This particular collection brings together three noteworthy collections: Elizabeth Johnson Harris: Life Story; Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson: Slave Letters; and Vilet Lester Letter. This last item is particularly noteworthy as it is a very rare item indeed: a letter written by a female slave. The Elizabeth Johnson Harris: A Life Story area brings together the full text of her memories, along with several poems and vignettes published in various newspapers in her lifetime. She was born in 1867 to parents who had been slaves, and the memoir includes information about her own childhood and the importance of religion and education in her life. Finally, the last section brings together letters written by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson to their mistresses and other slave family members in Abingdon, Virginia.

2011-11-11

389

African Americans, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and osteoporosis: a paradox23  

PubMed Central

African Americans have lower serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and a lower risk of fragility fractures than do other populations. I review the evidence on factors other than vitamin D that might explain this paradox and the calcium economy in different life stages. Researchers are actively trying to explain this genetically programmed advantage. Factors that could protect African Americans against fracture include their higher peak bone mass, increased obesity rates, greater muscle mass, lower bone turnover rates, and advantageous femur geometry. In addition, bone histomorphometry in young adults shows longer periods of bone formation. Although African Americans fall as frequently as do whites, the direction of their falls and their manner of breaking falls could protect them from fractures. African American girls accrue more calcium than do white girls during adolescence as the result of increased calcium absorption and superior renal calcium conservation. In adulthood, higher parathyroid hormone concentrations do not result in increased bone loss in African Americans because of their skeletal resistance to parathyroid hormone, and their superior renal conservation of calcium persists. These advantages diminish in the elderly, in whom further increases in parathyroid hormone result in increased bone turnover and bone loss. Ultimately, I explain the paradox by multiple factors associated with fracture risk and calcium economy in African Americans. Despite African Americans’ reduced risk of osteoporotic fractures, such fractures remain an important public health problem for this population that vitamin D intervention studies have not addressed.

Aloia, John F

2009-01-01

390

Provider Characteristics Desired by African American Women in Prenatal Care  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe provider characteristics African American pregnant women identified as important when interacting with their prenatal care providers in an outpatient office setting. Study Design and Method A descriptive qualitative design was used to explore provider characteristics desired by African American women receiving prenatal care at two inner-city hospital–based obstetric clinics. A total of 22 African American women between the ages of 19 and 28 years participated in the study. Findings Four major provider characteristic themes emerged from the data: (a) demonstrating quality patient–provider communication, (b) providing continuity of care, (c) treating the women with respect, and (d) delivering compassionate care. Discussion and Conclusion An overarching theme revealed by the data analysis was the desire by African American women in this study to have their prenatal providers know and remember them. They wanted their providers to understand the context of their lives from their prenatal interactions. Incorporating findings from this study to improve patient–provider interactions during prenatal care could provide an increased understanding of the many complex variables affecting African American women’s lives. Implications for Practice and Research Prenatal care provides an opportunity for African American women to develop a trusting relationship with a provider. Developing models of prenatal care congruent with the realities of African American women’s lives has the potential to improve patient–provider interactions and potentially affect birth outcomes.

Lori, Jody R.; Yi, Chin Hwa; Martyn, Kristy K.

2012-01-01

391

Stroke Risk Factor Profiles in African American Women  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose If sex differences in stroke risk factor profiles exist among African Americans in the United States, prevention strategies will need to reflect those differences. African Americans and women have been underrepresented in stroke prevention studies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether medical and lifestyle factors differ among women and men who have enrolled in the African-American Antiplatelet Stroke Prevention Study (AAASPS). Methods We performed a planned exploratory analysis of differences in baseline characteristics and risk factors between women and men enrolled in AAASPS, a double-blind, randomized, multicenter, controlled trial. Frequencies of vascular risk factors and related conditions, medical therapies, stroke subtypes, and vascular territories were compared between women and men by 1-way ANOVA and Fisher’s exact test where appropriate. Results A total of 1087 African American patients (574 women, 513 men) enrolled between December 1995 and June 1999. Women had higher rates of hypertension, diabetes, family history of stroke, and no reported leisure exercise. Men had higher rates of smoking and heavy alcohol use. Few differences were noted in proportions of stroke subtype or proportions receiving preventive therapy. Conclusions AAASPS represents the largest enrollment of African American women in a recurrent stroke prevention study. Our data suggest that African American women in a clinical trial differ from men in the frequency of key vascular risk factors. Although limited, these data provide an important first characterization of sex differences in African Americans with stroke.

Worrall, Bradford B.; Johnston, Karen C.; Kongable, Gail; Hung, Elena; Richardson, DeJuran; Gorelick, Philip B.

2008-01-01

392

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in African American youth.  

PubMed

This article examines attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in African American youth. Tackling the myths and misinformation surrounding ADHD in the African American community can be one of the most difficult issues in mental illness circles. There is a lot of conflicting information about how African Americans are diagnosed, examined, and treated. This article clarifies some of the misconceptions and offers some comprehensibility to the issue of ADHD in African American youth. The incidence of ADHD is probably similar in African Americans and Caucasians. However, fewer African Americans are diagnosed with and treated for ADHD. That reality flies in the face of some perceptions in many African American communities. Reasons for this disparity have not been fully clarified and are most likely complex and numerous. Some barriers to treatment are driven by the beliefs of patients and their families, while others are the result of limitations in the health care system. Patient-driven obstacles to care include inadequate knowledge of symptoms, treatment, and consequences of untreated ADHD and fear of overdiagnosis and misdiagnosis. System-driven limitations include a lack of culturally competent health care providers, stereotyping or biases, and failure of clinicians to evaluate the child in multiple settings before diagnosis. PMID:20697849

Bailey, Rahn K; Ali, Shahid; Jabeen, Shagufta; Akpudo, Hilary; Avenido, Jaymie U; Bailey, Theresa; Lyons, Jessica; Whitehead, Amelia A

2010-10-01

393

Emotion regulation strategies and later externalizing behavior among European American and African American children.  

PubMed

Children's early emotion regulation strategies (ERS) have been related to externalizing problems; however, most studies have included predominantly European American, middle-class children. The current study explores whether ERS use may have differential outcomes as a function of the mother's ethnic culture. The study utilizes two diverse samples of low-income male toddlers to examine observed ERS during a delay of gratification task in relation to maternal and teacher reports of children's externalizing behavior 2 to 6 years later. Although the frequencies of ERS were comparable between ethnic groups in both samples, the use of physical comfort seeking and self-soothing was positively related to African American children's later externalizing behavior but negatively related to externalizing behavior for European American children in Sample 1. Data from Sample 2 appear to support this pattern for self-soothing in maternal, but not teacher, report of externalizing behavior. Within group differences by income were examined as a possible explanatory factor accounting for the ethnic differences, but it was not supported. Alternative explanations are discussed to explain the pattern of findings. PMID:19338690

Supplee, Lauren H; Skuban, Emily Moye; Shaw, Daniel S; Prout, Joanna

2009-01-01

394

The Anacostia Museum & Center for African American History and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in a historically African-American community in the southeast quadrant of Washington, D.C., the Anacostia Museum & Center for African American History and Culture's primary goal is to "explore American history, society, and creative expression from an African American perspective.". Visitors may want to begin by looking through the general information section, especially if they are planning a visit in the near future. There is also a special section dedicated to providing information on current and upcoming exhibits, along with several online exhibits, including one on the contemporary spiritual traditions within the African-American community. Perhaps one of the more interesting parts of the site is the area dedicated to providing history about the actual community of Anacostia where the museum is physically located. In this section, visitors can learn about the various transformations that have affected the community over its long history, and even view educational exercises for use at home or in the classroom.

395

Under the shadow of Tuskegee: African Americans and health care.  

PubMed Central

The Tuskegee Syphilis Study continues to cast its long shadow on the contemporary relationship between African Americans and the biomedical community. Numerous reports have argued that the Tuskegee Syphilis Study is the most important reason why many African Americans distrust the institutions of medicine and public health. Such an interpretation neglects a critical historical point: the mistrust predated public revelations about the Tuskegee study. This paper places the syphilis study within a broader historical and social context to demonstrate that several factors have influenced--and continue to influence--African American's attitudes toward the biomedical community.

Gamble, V N

1997-01-01

396

African American teens and the neo-juvenile justice system.  

PubMed

African American youth continue to be overrepresented in the juvenile justice system. As a result of the current political environment and the perceived increase in crime among young people, the nation has moved away from rehabilitation and toward harsher treatment of delinquents. The African American community must encourage policy makers and community leaders to continue to address the disproportionate representation of African American youth in the system. Current policing and prosecutorial policies must also be examined and challenged to end the perception of an unjust system. PMID:12413108

Rozie-Battle, Judith L

2002-01-01

397

Firearm-Related Suicide Among Young African-American Males  

PubMed Central

National trends in firearm-related suicides among African-American and white males in the age groups 15 to 19 years and 20 to 24 years from 1979 to 1997 were examined. The rates and percentages of suicide by firearms increased significantly more among African-American males than among white males. During the 19-year period, firearms accounted for about 70 percent and 64 percent of all suicides among males aged 15 to 19 years and 20 to 24 years, respectively. The results support the Surgeon General’s 1999 call for greater awareness of the suicide risk among African-American males.

Joe, Sean; Kaplan, Mark S.

2009-01-01

398

Alcoholism and African-American women: a medical sociocultural perspective.  

PubMed Central

Today's research explaining women's usage of alcohol is inaccurate. Researchers have failed to include the powerful variable of race. African-American females are increasing their use of alcohol, yet the literature fails to tell why. To understand alcoholism among African-American women, it is necessary to conceive their culture, values, and role in society. This article highlights the biopsychosocial issues impacting female African Americans, and the need for unbiased research and treatment. Women who have the dual status of addiction and are members of a racial minority face a special range of stressors. Therefore, clinicians who serve them must possess more than generalized clinical skills.

Carter, J. H.; Rogers, C.

1996-01-01

399

Gender-Based Salary Differences in African American Senior Student Affairs Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study examined representation and salary differences related to gender for African American Senior Student Affairs Officers (SSAOs). Data from a national survey revealed gender and institutional size significantly affect mean SSAO salary for African American respondents. African American women SSAOs make significantly less than African American

Reason, Robert D.

2003-01-01

400

The English History of African American English. Language and Society Series; 28.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays on the history of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) include: an introduction to the evolution of AAVE within the African American diaspora (Shana Poplack); "Rephrasing the Copula: Contraction and Zero in Early African American English" (James A. Walker); "Reconstructing the Source of Early African American English Plural Marking: A…

Poplack, Shana, Ed.

401

The "Signifying Monkey" Revisited: Vernacular Discourse and African American Personal Narratives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the function of the "signifying monkey" in African American oral traditions. Focuses on vernacular discourse and African American personal narratives to discover linguistic and cultural features of African American students. Argues that these identity features be placed at the center of writing instruction for African Americans. (HB)

Campbell, Kermit E.

1994-01-01

402

A Smoking Cessation Project for African American Women: Implications for Relational Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smoking cessation among African Americans is a primary health objective for the nation. African American women are more likely than their counterparts to have a high dependency upon nicotine. Studies with African American women report lower quit rates than those for whites. A culturally sensitive pilot project was designed for African American women to investigate smoking, perception of family environment

Suzanne Midori Hanna; Patricia W. Walker; Jerome F. Walker; Jacalyn A. Claes; Cheryl K. Stewart; Ann M. Swank; L. Jane Goldsmith

2003-01-01

403

Conjuring Moments and Other Such Hoodoo: African American Women & Spirit Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking the intersection of African American folklore and literature as its focus, this project investigates the conjure woman as a literary figure. African American healing women are prominent in African American literature, but are largely underrepresented in the discourse surrounding African American women, representation, and literary figures. My research reconstructs the negative connotation attached to women healers in the United

Kameelah L. Martin

2006-01-01

404

African American Culture and Heritage in Higher Education Research and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fifteen papers examine the cultural context and history of African Americans in higher education research and practice. Papers are grouped in three parts: African American culture in higher education research; African American higher education research issues and paradigms; and African American culture and higher education policy and practice.…

Freeman, Kassie, Ed.

405

Jews in American History: A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication contains discussion questions, student activities, and lists of resource materials which a teacher can use to include American Jewish history in secondary United States history courses. The book concentrates on those aspects of Jewish history which offer material with which to illuminate many important general themes and…

Ruderman, Jerome

406

Exposure to Community Violence and Adolescents’ Internalizing Behaviors Among African American and Asian American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposure to community violence can seriously threaten healthy adolescent development. This longitudinal study examines the\\u000a relationship between exposure to violence in the community and the internalizing behaviors of Asian American and African American\\u000a adolescents. Data analyzed was from 901 adolescents (57.9% female and 42.1% male, and 84.7% African American and 15.3% Asian\\u000a American) who had participated in both Wave I

Wan-Yi Chen

2010-01-01

407

Worry Regarding Major Diseases Among Older African-American, Native-American, and Caucasian Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined worry regarding seven major diseases and their correlates in a sample of African-American (n = 57), Native-American (n = 50), and Caucasian (n = 53) women ages 36 to 91 years. African-American and Native-American women were most worried about developing cancer (44% and 50%, respectively) while Caucasian women were most worried about osteoporosis (37%) and cancer (33%).

Sara Wilcox; Barbara E. Ainsworth; Michael J. LaMonte; Katrina D. DuBose

2002-01-01

408

The Peoples Multicultural Almanac: America from the 1400s to Present. 365 Days of Contributions by African Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, European Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Peoples Multicultural Almanac provides five entries for each day in the school year, September through May, organized for the following ethnic groups: (1) African Americans; (2) Asian Americans; (3) European Americans; (4) Hispanic Americans; and (5) Native Americans. The entries highlight significant social, political, historical, cultural,…

Taylor, Earl J., Jr.; And Others

409

African-American college student attitudes toward physics and their effect on achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting the attitudes that African-American college students have towards introductory college physics. The population targeted for this study consisted of African-American males and females enrolled in introductory college physics classes at an urban public historical black college or university (HBCU) located in the southeastern United States. Nine of the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitude Scales, modified for physics, were used to analyze the attitudes of the 135 participants enrolled in an introductory college physics class. The nine scales used to measure the students' attitudes were Attitude Toward Success in Physics Scale (AS), The Physics as a Male Domain Scale (MD), The Mother Scale (M), The Father Scale (F), The Teacher Scale (T), The Confidence in Learning Physics Scale (C), The Physics Anxiety Scale (A), The Effectance Motivation Scale in Physics (E), and The Physics Usefulness Scale (U). Hypothesis I states that there is a significant difference in the domain scores of African-American college students in the Fennema-Sherman Math Attitudes Scales adapted for physics. It was found using a repeated measures ANOVA that there was a significant difference between the attitudes of African-Americans on the nine attitude scales of the Fennema-Sherman Math Attitude Scales, F(8,992) = 43.09, p < .001. Hypothesis II states that there is a statistically significant difference in domain scores between African-American males and African-American females in the Fennema-Sherman Attitude Scales. It was found using a MANOVA that there was not a significant difference between the domain scores of African-American males and African-American females, F(8, 116) = .38, p > .05. Hypothesis III states that there is a statistically significant relationship between attitude towards physics and achievement for African-American students. The students with good attitudes toward physics would have a higher level of achievement. The multiple linear regression analysis revealed that there was a significant relationship between a good attitude toward physics and achievement in the class. The result of the analysis implied that 18.9% of the grade could be explained by the domain scales.

Drake, Carl Timothy

410

‘Trusting’ schools to meet the academic needs of African?American students? Suburban mothers’ perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to Tschannen?Moran, ‘Principals and teachers need to build trusting relationships with students and parents in order to accomplish their essential goal of fostering student achievement and equipping students for citizenship.’ In the context of organizational trust, this study explored such relationships with six, middle?class African?American mothers. The mothers openly and honestly shared their thoughts regarding the suburban public education

Karen Stansberry Beard; Kathleen M. Brown

2008-01-01

411

Urban African-American middle school science students: Does standards-based teaching make a difference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current reform movement in science education promotes standards-based teaching, including the use of inquiry, problem solving, and open-ended questioning, to improve student achievement. This study examines the influence of standards-based teaching practices on the achievement of urban, African-American, middle school science students. Science classes of teachers who had participated in the professional development (n = 8) of Ohio's statewide

Jane Butler Kahle; Judith Meece; Kathryn Scantlebury

2000-01-01

412

Correlates of Adherence to a Physical Activity Program in Young African-American Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The goal was to identify correlates of adherence to a structured physical activity (PA) program.Research Methods and Procedures: Subjects were 136 8- to 12-year-old African-American girls. Potential correlates at baseline were: 1) fitness index (FI: % body fat from DXA and cardiovascular fitness from treadmill test), and 2) self-esteem, anxiety, attitude to school and teachers, relationship with parents, and

Christian R. Lemmon; David A. Ludwig; Cheryl A. Howe; Ayanay Ferguson-Smith; Paule Barbeau

2007-01-01

413

Cultural values in the home and school experiences of low-income African-American students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the presence of specific cultural values within the preferred classroom and home activities of\\u000a African-American upper elementary students. Written scenarios were constructed and used to determine whether students preferred\\u000a their home and classroom activities carried out under specific cultural terms. Students also reported their perceptions of\\u000a teachers and parents’ cultural value-based preferences for classroom and home

Kenneth M. Tyler; A. Wade Boykin; Oronde Miller; Eric Hurley

2006-01-01

414

Inflammatory bowel disease in African-American children living in Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the clinical characteristics of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in African-American compared with non-African-American children. We identified 172 children with IBD; forty-nine (29%) were African-American. Median symptom duration before IBD diagnosis in African-American children (6 months) was shorter than that of non-African-American children (10 months). The most frequent presenting symptom was hematochezia (ulcerative colitis) and abdominal pain (Crohn’s disease)

Sesi O. Ogunbi; James A. Ransom; Kevin Sullivan; Bess T. Schoen; Benjamin D. Gold

1998-01-01

415

Structural and social contexts of HIV risk Among African Americans.  

PubMed

HIV continues to be transmitted at unacceptably high rates among African Americans, and most HIV-prevention interventions have focused on behavioral change. To theorize additional approaches to HIV prevention among African Americans, we discuss how sexual networks and drug-injection networks are as important as behavior for HIV transmission. We also describe how higher-order social structures and processes, such as residential racial segregation and racialized policing, may help shape risk networks and behaviors. We then discuss 3 themes in African American culture-survival, propriety, and struggle-that also help shape networks and behaviors. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of how these perspectives might help reduce HIV transmission among African Americans. PMID:19372519

Friedman, Samuel R; Cooper, Hannah L F; Osborne, Andrew H

2009-04-16

416

Barriers to using palliative care: insight into African American culture.  

PubMed

As the hospice care setting becomes more racially and ethnically diverse, attending to the different conditions and needs of various groups is essential to providing optimal care. African Americans make up only a small percentage of hospice users in the United States. This article highlights barriers associated with the underenrollment of African Americans into hospice and palliative care programs. A thorough analysis of the literature was conducted to define hospice and palliative care and assess circumstances that impact the use of hospice services by African Americans. Many African Americans are not choosing hospice care because of cultural issues or knowledge deficits, whether through lack of communication or low literacy. Healthcare providers can begin by familiarizing themselves with hospice organizations and developing and putting into practice strategies to communicate with and educate patients and families about hospice care in a culturally sensitive manner. PMID:23899976

Drisdom, Sheronda

2013-08-01

417

African-American Muslim women and health care.  

PubMed

Muslims constitute a growing proportion of the African-American population. This paper explores the health practices, health behaviors, and code of ethics as informed by the Islamic religion within the context of African-American Muslim women's lives. An overview of the history of Islam in the world, and in the U.S., the main Islamic tenets, and the socio-cultural context of African-American Muslim women provides the broad framework for this paper. This information will be helpful in meeting the health needs of African-American Islamic women, within an outreach/community health promotion setting, within a clinical/hospital setting, or within a home care setting. PMID:12839309

Rajaram, Shireen S; Rashidi, Anahita

2003-01-01

418

Structural and Social Contexts of HIV Risk Among African Americans  

PubMed Central

HIV continues to be transmitted at unacceptably high rates among African Americans, and most HIV-prevention interventions have focused on behavioral change. To theorize additional approaches to HIV prevention among African Americans, we discuss how sexual networks and drug-injection networks are as important as behavior for HIV transmission. We also describe how higher-order social structures and processes, such as residential racial segregation and racialized policing, may help shape risk networks and behaviors. We then discuss 3 themes in African American culture—survival, propriety, and struggle—that also help shape networks and behaviors. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of how these perspectives might help reduce HIV transmission among African Americans.

Cooper, Hannah L. F.; Osborne, Andrew H.

2009-01-01

419

Unique Genomic Alterations in Prostate Cancers in African American Men.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Based on our published data we propose that specific patterns of genomic copy number alterations (CNAs) occur in prostate cancer in African American (AA) men which are associated with different levels of disease aggressiveness. Second, specific patterns o...

M. Ittmann

2013-01-01

420

Spirit, Space & Survival: African American Women in (White) Academe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume presents the stories of 11 African American women working in higher education and confronting racist and sexist practices. The chapters have the following titles and authors: (1) "Mixed Blood, New Voices" (Kaylynn Sullivan Two Trees); (2) "Carrying On" (Joyce Scott); (3) "African Philosophy, Theory, and 'Living Thinkers'" (Joy James);…

James, Joy, Ed.; Farmer, Ruth, Ed.

421

Retaining African American Student Affairs Administrators: Voices from the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of African American student affairs administrators at predominantly White institutions (PWIs) derives four strategies that leaders at PWIs may consider when attempting to retain this population: communicate and integrate a philosophy of fairness into the campus environment; develop or support mentoring opportunities; empower African

Jackson, Jerlando F. L.; Flowers, Lamont A.

2003-01-01

422

Emergency department visits by urban African American children with asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Asthma morbidity among African American children has been identified as a significant national health concern. High emergency department use is one index of this morbidity and may reflect disease severity, disease management, and social factors.Objective: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of emergency department use and other indices of asthma morbidity among a sample of urban, low-income, African

Cynthia S. Rand; Arlene M. Butz; Ken Kolodner; Karen Huss; Peyton Eggleston; Floyd Malveaux

2000-01-01

423

Title I: African-American Studies Program. Student Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a student workbook in African American studies used in the Detroit, Michigan public schools in 1978-79. The workbook contains student exercises in African history, culture, geography, languages, architecture, folktales, food, and artifacts. The continent of Africa is covered in units on Egypt, North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, and…

Wilson, Linda

424

Sweet Words So Brave: The Story of African American Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This illustrated book introduces readers to African American literature by telling the story of the men and women who contributed to this body of work. The book begins by recounting the Africans' journey into slavery and how they kept their stories alive by telling them to one another, and by handing them down from generation to generation.…

Brodie, James Michael; Curry, Barbara K.

425

Adolescent Alcohol Use in Context: The Role of Parents and Peers Among African American and European American Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

African American youth are less likely to use alcohol than their European American counterparts; however, the greater consequences of use for African American youth highlight the need for greater research attention to this group. Two social contexts that have been linked with adolescent alcohol use are parents and peers, yet these studies have rarely included African American youth or failed

Deborah J. Jones; Andrea M. Hussong; Jennifer Manning; Emma Sterrett

2008-01-01

426

A Comparison of European and African-Based Psychologies and Their Implications for African American College Student Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the appropriateness of applying college student development theories that are based on European\\/European American psychology to the development of African American college students. It suggests that theories for the development of African American college students should be Afrocentric in nature, that is, they should be based on African psychology.

Vanessa D. Johnson

2003-01-01

427

I Still Remember America: Senior African Americans Talk About Segregation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies the survival and coping strategies senior African Americans adopted during segregation in the southern\\u000a USA. Describing how they maintained positive outlooks on life, our respondents discussed family unity, community strength,\\u000a the contestation of African American inferiority, religious faith, fighting physical aggression, and downplaying the impact\\u000a of segregation. They consistently mentioned differential treatment, violence, and their inability to

Ana S. Q. Liberato; Dana Fennell; William L. Jeffries

2008-01-01

428

Implication of European-derived adiposity loci in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple novel loci associated with adiposity in European-derived study populations. Limited study of these loci has been reported in African Americans. Here we examined the effects of these previously identified adiposity loci in African Americans.Methods:A total of 46 representative single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 19 loci that were previously reported in GWAS in Europeans

J M Hester; M R Wing; J Li; N D Palmer; J Xu; P J Hicks; B H Roh; J M Norris; L E Wagenknecht; C D Langefeld; B I Freedman; D W Bowden; M C Y Ng; MCY Ng

2012-01-01

429

Public and higher education policies influencing African-American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines critically the position of African-American women in relation to public and higher education policies. Post-baccalaureate students (graduate and professional), faculty, and administrators are the foci. The article examines the following: (1) legislative, judicial, and executive decisions influencing African-American women; (2) the development and implementation of public and higher education policies with special focus on the State of

Beverly Lindsay

1988-01-01

430

Dimensions of Academic Contingencies Among African American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing from existing literature, the authors conceptualized a two-dimensional framework of African American students’ academic contingencies of self-worth. The results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses with a sample of African American college freshmen (N = 330) supported this prediction. Self-Worth Dependent academic contingencies were characterized by students’ self-worth being more wholly reliant on academic performance. Self-Worth Enhancing academic contingencies

Tiffany Monique Griffin; Tabbye Chavous; Courtney Cogburn; LaToya Branch; Robert Sellers

2012-01-01

431

Lessons learned: research within an urban, African American district  

Microsoft Academic Search

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning?making, and self?definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race theory, and Black feminist theory to deconstruct how race–gender–social class informed my own field

Kimberly Ann Scott

2011-01-01

432

Lessons learned: research within an urban, African American district  

Microsoft Academic Search

For an African American female researcher whose race, class, and gender work as oppressive intersecting units shaping my contextualized experiences, meaning?making, and self?definition, the implications of my work with African American communities are complicated. In this article, I draw on culturally sensitive research practices, critical race theory, and Black feminist theory to deconstruct how race–gender–social class informed my own field

Kimberly Ann Scott

2012-01-01

433

Early Literacy Skills in African-American Children: Research Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The poor reading achievement of African- American children in urban schools is well established. African-American children from low-income homes may be at particular risk for reading difficulties, al- though middle-income children often fare poorly as well. Intervention efforts have focused on children in kindergarten through fifth grade. This article suggests that prevention efforts must begin prior to kindergarten entry. Several

Julie A. Washington

2001-01-01

434

Perceived Peer Norms and Sexual Intentions Among African American Preadolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the research was to examine whether perceived peer dating and sexual experience norms are related to attitudes toward dating and sexual behav- ior and to precoital and sexual intentions among African American preadolescents. Participants included 1,046 African American youth aged 9-12 years (M = 10.57 years). Youth completed a baseline survey as part of a larger in-

Scyatta A. Wallace; Kim S. Miller; Rex Forehand

2008-01-01

435

Gender Differences Among African-American Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this investigation was to determine if there were gender differences in 80 medical records (37 African-American men and 43 African-American women) from one drug treatment facility located in a midwest ern city. Using independent t-tests and chi square analyses to determine group differences, there were significant gender differences relative to childhood sexual abuse experiences and maternal alcohol

Carol J. Boyd; Frederic Blow; Linda S. Orgain

1993-01-01

436

Understanding the Breast Cancer Experience of African-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to gain a better understanding of the psychosocial needs of African-American women with breast cancer, the authors conducted three forms of qualitative interviews: kcy-infbmiant interviews, focus-group interviews, and in-depth interviews. They found that most African-American women receive inadequate information and support to help them through the initial diagnosis and treatment phases of the breast cancer experience. Many

Kimlin Ashing-Giwa; Patricia A. Ganz

1997-01-01

437

African American Women and Family Planning Services: Perceptions of Discrimination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine perceived race-based discrimination in obtaining family planning or contraceptive services among African American women in the U.S.Methods: We conducted a 30-minute telephone survey with a random sample of 500 African Americans (aged 15–44), which included questions about race-based discrimination when obtaining family planning services. The present analyses were limited to the

Sheryl Thorburn; Laura M. Bogart

2005-01-01

438

Hepatitis C virus among african-american persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the United\\u000a States, approximately 2% of the general population has serum antibodies to HCV. Although African-American persons make up\\u000a only 12% of the US population, they account for 22% of the estimated 2.7 million persons infected with chronic HCV. In addition,\\u000a African-American

Doris B. Strader

2004-01-01

439

Mitochondrial control region sequences from an African American population sample.  

PubMed

Entire mitochondrial control region data were generated for 248 African American individuals, which had been previously typed for 15 autosomal STRs [J.M. Butler, R. Schoske, P.M. Vallone, J.W. Redman, M.C. Kline, Allele frequencies for 15 autosomal STR loci on U.S. Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic populations, J. Forensic Sci. 48 (2003) 908-911]. PMID:19948325

Diegoli, Toni M; Irwin, Jodi A; Just, Rebecca S; Saunier, Jessica L; O'Callaghan, Jennifer E; Parsons, Thomas J

2009-05-31

440

Proteinuria in African Americans with type 1 diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: African Americans with type 1 diabetes are at a high risk for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Factors associated with the presence of (any) proteinuria were examined in this ethnic group. Methods: Proteinuria and creatinuria were measured in both first-voided and 4-h timed urine specimens in African Americans with type 1 diabetes (N=717). Other evaluations included clinical interview, ocular examination,

Monique S Roy

2004-01-01

441

Estimating African-American mortality from inaccurate data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the quality of vital statistics and census data for estimating African-American mortality over a period\\u000a of six decades. The authors employ intercensal cohort comparisons and extinct generation estimates to demonstrate that conventionally\\u000a constructed African-American death rates may be seriously flawed as early as age 50. Using the crude death rate at ages 50+\\u000a for 1978-1982 in conjunction

Irma T. Elo; Samuel H. Preston

1994-01-01

442

Interventions for Abused African-American Women and Their Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects millions of women regardless of age, race, and income in the United States; however,\\u000a low income African-American women are disproportionately affected (Rennison & Planty, 2003). IPV is a major public health issue for African-American women because of the combination of institutional racism and the\\u000a fact that IPV is more common and violent in this community

Nadine J. Kaslow; Sheridan L. Thorn; Anuradha Paranjape

443

Obesity, Appearance, and Psychosocial Adaptation in Young African American Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To evaluate the contributions of weight status, skin tone, peer teasing, and parental appraisals of child's size to self-esteem and psychosocial adjustment in overweight African American children. Method Overweight to very obese 5- to 10-year-old African American children (N = 117) completed measures of self-esteem, skin tone satisfaction, peer teasing, and body size perception. Caregivers completed the Child Behavior

Deborah Young-Hyman; David G. Schlundt; Leanna Herman-Wenderoth

2003-01-01

444

Religiosity, Self-Efficacy for Exercise, and African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical inactivity among African American women persists despite health promotion efforts targeting this population. In the\\u000a African American faith community, thinking patterns related to personal versus divine control over health status could affect\\u000a self-efficacy beliefs and physical activity behavior. Religiosity, a determinate of self-efficacy for exercise, is influenced\\u000a by culture. This exploratory pilot study assessed the psychometric properties and relevance

Bridget K. Robinson; Mona Newsome Wicks

445

Depressive Symptoms and Diabetes Control in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of African Americans with diabetes investigated: (1) the relationship between depressive symptoms and glycemic\\u000a control; (2) the relationship between depressive symptoms and long-term diabetes complications; (3) the relationship between\\u000a depressive symptoms and medication usage; and (4) the effects of demographic and diabetes variables on these relationships.\\u000a One-hundred twenty five African American diabetic adults who were attending health fairs

Julie A. Wagner; Gina L. Abbott; Alicia Heapy; Lynne Yong

2009-01-01

446

The African-American Urban Milieu and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic disparity between urban white America and urban black America is becoming more pronounced, whether in central cities, suburbs, or edge cities. African-American employment prospects have declined in central cities, increased slightly in suburbs, and increased substantially for the few African Americans living and working in edge cities. William Julius Wilson cites the decline in stable, higher-paying, blue-collar employment in

Lenneal J. Henderson

1994-01-01

447

Treatment Motivation Among African American Drug-Using Arrestees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify correlates of treatment motivation among African American drug users. Working from Andersen 's (1968) model of health behavior, the authors examined demographic factors, drug-problem severity indicators, social resources, and treatment perceptions as potential correlates. Their sample was 122 African American drug-using arrestees with no prior experience in drug-use treatment. Findingsfrom a multivariate

Douglas Longshore; Cheryl Grills; M. Douglas Anglin; Kiku Annon

1998-01-01

448

Lactose Intolerance in Pregnant African-American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To state the prevalence and effects of lactose intolerance in pregnant African-American womenObjective: To determine the prevalence of lactose intolerance in pregnant African-American women, any change in tolerance that may occur and reported symptoms after consuming 240 ml of 1% milk.Design: This longitudinal study compared lactose status: 1) prior to 16 weeks gestation, 2) between the 30th and

D. M. Paige; F. R. Witter; J. A. Perman; Y. Bronner; L. A. Kessler

1997-01-01

449

Marital Satisfaction among African Americans and Black Caribbeans: Findings from the National Survey of American Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the correlates of marital satisfaction using data from a national probability sample of African Americans (N = 962) and Black Caribbeans (N = 560). Findings reveal differences between African Americans and Black Caribbeans, and men and women within those groups, in the predictors of marital satisfaction. Black Caribbean women…

Bryant, Chalandra M.; Taylor, Robert Joseph; Lincoln, Karen D.; Chatters, Linda M.; Jackson, James S.

2008-01-01

450

Cultural In-Group Advantage: Emotion Recognition in African American and European American Faces and Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explored whether there were in-group advantages in emotion recognition of faces and voices by culture or geographic region. Participants were 72 African American students (33 men, 39 women), 102 European American students (30 men, 72 women), 30 African international students (16 men, 14 women), and 30 European international students…

Wickline, Virginia B.; Bailey, Wendy; Nowicki, Stephen

2009-01-01

451

Can "Any" Teacher Teach Sexuality and HIV/AIDS? Perspectives of South African Life Orientation Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we explore the perceived desirable characteristics of South African Life Orientation teachers for teaching sexuality and HIV/AIDS. We also investigate the extent to which these characteristics can be understood as parts of a role script for teaching HIV/AIDS and sexuality. Data were collected from teachers who taught Grade Eight and…

Helleve, Arnfinn; Flisher, Alan J.; Onya, Hans; Mukoma, Wanjiru; Klepp, Knut-Inge

2011-01-01

452

Can "Any" Teacher Teach Sexuality and HIV/AIDS? Perspectives of South African Life Orientation Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we explore the perceived desirable characteristics of South African Life Orientation teachers for teaching sexuality and HIV/AIDS. We also investigate the extent to which these characteristics can be understood as parts of a role script for teaching HIV/AIDS and sexuality. Data were collected from teachers who taught Grade Eight and…

Helleve, Arnfinn; Flisher, Alan J.; Onya, Hans; Mukoma, Wanjiru; Klepp, Knut-Inge

2011-01-01

453

African American leadership groups: smoking with the enemy  

PubMed Central

Background: Among all racial and ethnic groups in the USA, African Americans bear the greatest burden from tobacco related disease. The tobacco industry has been highly influential in the African American community for decades, providing funding and other resources to community leaders and emphasising publicly its support for civil rights causes and groups, while ignoring the negative health effects of its products on those it claims to support. However, the industry's private business reasons for providing such support were unknown. Objective: To understand how and for what purposes the tobacco industry sought to establish and maintain relationships with African American leaders. Methods: Review and analysis of over 700 previously secret internal tobacco industry documents available on the internet. Results: The tobacco industry established relationships with virtually every African American leadership organisation and built longstanding social connections with the community, for three specific business reasons: to increase African American tobacco use, to use African Americans as a frontline force to defend industry policy positions, and to defuse tobacco control efforts. Conclusion: As the tobacco industry expands its global reach, public health advocates should anticipate similar industry efforts to exploit the vulnerabilities of marginalised groups. The apparent generosity, inclusion, and friendship proffered by the industry extract a price from groups in the health of their members. Helping groups anticipate such efforts, confront industry co-optation, and understand the hidden costs of accepting tobacco industry largesse should be part of worldwide tobacco control efforts.

Yerger, V; Malone, R

2002-01-01

454

The Disproportionate Cost of Smoking for African Americans in California  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We estimated the economic impact of smoking on African Americans in California in 2002, including smoking-attributable health care expenditures and productivity losses from smoking-caused mortality. Methods. We estimated econometric models of smoking-attributable ambulatory care, prescription drugs, inpatient care, and home health care using national and state survey data. We assessed smoking-attributable mortality using epidemiological models. Results. Adult smoking prevalence for African Americans was 19.3% compared with 15.4% for all Californians. The health care cost of smoking was $626 million for the African American community. A total of 3013 African American Californians died of smoking-attributable illness in 2002, representing a loss of over 49 000 years of life and $784 million in productivity. The total cost of smoking for this community amounted to $1.4 billion, or $1.8 billion expressed in 2008 dollars. Conclusions. Although African Americans account for 6% of the California adult population, they account for over 8% of smoking-attributable expenditures and fully 13% of smoking-attributable mortality costs. Our findings confirm the need to tailor tobacco control programs to African Americans to mitigate the disproportionate burden of smoking for this community.

Sung, Hai-Yen; Tucker, Lue-Yen; Stark, Brad

2010-01-01

455

Illness Beliefs in African Americans With Hypertension.  

PubMed

Guided by Leventhal's common sense model of illness representations, this study examined the relationship between hypertension beliefs and self-care behaviors necessary for blood pressure (BP) control in a sample of 111 community-dwelling African Americans with hypertension. Participants completed the revised Illness Perception Questionnaire, BP Self-Care Scale, and a demographic data sheet, and had BP measured. Analyses revealed that beliefs about the causes of hypertension differed by gender and educational level. Stress-related causal attributions accounted for 34.7% of the variance in hypertension beliefs. Participants who believed stress or external factors caused hypertension were less likely to engage in healthy self-care behaviors (e.g., keeping doctor visits, eating low-salt, low-fat diets). Results suggest that patients who are nonadherent with hypertension self-care recommendations may hold hypertension beliefs that are not consistent with the medically endorsed views of this disease. To more effectively treat and control BP, providers should assess patients' hypertension beliefs. PMID:23765710

Pickett, Stephanie; Allen, Wilfred; Franklin, Mary; Peters, Rosalind M

2013-06-13

456

Accuracy of the diagnosis of hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans: A report from the African American Study of Kidney Disease (AASK) Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accuracy of the diagnosis of hypertensive nephrosclerosis in African Americans: A report from the African American Study of Kidney Disease (AASK) Trial. African Americans have excess hypertension and end-stage renal disease presumed due to hypertension compared to Caucasians. The AASK was designed to examine the impact of antihypertensive therapies and two levels of blood pressure control on the rate of

Agnes Fogo; Julia A Breyer; Michael C Smith; William H Cleveland; Lawrence Agodoa; Katharine A Kirk; Richard Glassock

1997-01-01

457

Differences between African Americans and whites in the outcome of heart failure: Evidence for a greater functional decline in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background National statistics indicate that African Americans are disproportionately affected by mortality and hospitalizations resulting from heart failure when compared with other racial\\/ethnic groups. This might, in part, reflect a poorer course of heart failure among African Americans. Methods We conducted a prospective cohort study of 316 white and 82 African American consecutive patients aged ?50 years with decompensated heart

Viola Vaccarino; Evelyne Gahbauer; Stanislav V. Kasl; Peter A. Charpentier; Denise Acampora; Harlan M. Krumholz

2002-01-01

458

The Status of African American Physicists within the DOE Laboratories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In May 2002 there was a backpage article published in American Physical Society Newsletter by the President of the National Society of Black Physicists (NSBP). This article showed that of the 3372 professional physicists employed at the DOE national labs, only 11 are African American, which on a percentage basis is 4 times less than the total availability of Ph.D. African American physicists in the labor force. NSBP want to provide an update of the interaction between National Society of Black Physicists (NSBP) and the department of Energy in particular the Office of Science on the issue of employment of African American Physicists in scientific and technical. You might ask the following question: Why should the current generation of African American Physicists be concerned about their underepresentation on the scientific staffs of the DOE National Laboratories? The answer to this question may vary from person to person, but I would like to propose the following: The National Laboratories are the largest providers of career opportunities in Physics in the United States. There is a general view in the community; African Americans are not getting a return on their national investment in the DOE National Labs. Failure to engage with HBCU’s through their user facilities causes a training or skills deficit when it comes to preparing students to participate at the forefront of physics research. By rebuffing interactions with HBCUąs, as many the laboratories have done, the national laboratories are in effect refusing to transfer scientific knowledge to the stakeholders in the African American community. The update will contain some additional information about NSBP proposals to solve the problem of underepresentation of African American and Hispanic physicists within the National Laboratories and how the Office of Science has response these proposals.

Jackson, Keith

2005-03-01

459

The Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire predicts dietary fat intake in African American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To develop a behavioral assessment of eating that would be predictive of fat intake in African American women. Design Questionnaires were developed using a three-stage design, involving item generation, item refinement, and questionnaire validation. Subjects Focus groups sessions were conducted with 40 African American women, initial questionnaire development employed 80 African American women, and questionnaire validation involved 310 African

David G Schlundt; Margaret K Hargreaves; Maciej S Buchowski

2003-01-01

460

Racial Identity, African Self-Consciousness, and Career Decision Making in African American College Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines racial identity, African self-consciousness, and career decidedness in 212 African-American college women. Comparisons were made between senior and first-year students at a historically Black and a predominantly White university. Findings indicate that seniors at both institutions had higher levels of racial identity than did freshmen.…

Alston, Reginald J.; McCowan, Carla J.

1998-01-01

461

Some Socio-Behavioral Correlates of African Self-Consciousness in African-American College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two stepwise multiple regression analyses were performed on the African self-consciousness (ASC) Scale scores of 219 African-American male and female college students utilizing 36 background and 20 Africentric activity factors as the predictor variables. The results revealed that only a very small number of the two sets of predictors were significantly related to the ASC scores. The background factors of

Joseph A. Baldwin; Raeford Brown; Reginald Rackley

1990-01-01

462

Psychosocial Issues Facing African and African American Women Diagnosed With Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer is a global issue. The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 1.2 million people will receive a diagnosis of breast cancer each year. Breast cancer continues to be the most diagnosed cancer for all women, after skin cancer, both within the United States and worldwide. Although the incidence of breast cancer among African and African American women is

Godfrey Gregg

2009-01-01

463

Domestic violence in african-american and african-caribbean families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores domestic violence, specifically spouse abuse, in African-American and African-Caribbean families in the United States. Its purpose is to review the existing literature on Black couples and violence, examine the applicability of current theories of violence to Blacks, and outline the barriers to the treatment of domestic violence in this population. The variables of institutionalized racism and internalized

Janet R. Brice-Baker

1994-01-01

464

Port of Sanctuary: The Aesthetic of the African/African American and the Barnes Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that, although it has been ignored by most art historians and art educators, the Barnes Foundation was founded upon a unique African/African American esthetic influence. Describes influences on the life of Dr. Albert C. Barnes, his world view, and the decision to establish the Barnes Foundation and its art collection. (CFR)

Hollingsworth, Charles H.

1994-01-01

465

"She Would've Still Made that Face Expression": The Use of Multiple Literacies by Two African American Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article discusses a multiple literacies and traditional approach to literacy by drawing on the experiences of 2 African American young women in a high school English classroom. The article suggests that teachers who use a more traditional approach to literacy are more apt to view students of color as powerless, failing, struggling, and/or…

Carter, Stephanie Power

2006-01-01

466

Contextually-relevant validation of peer play constructs with African American head start children: Penn interactive peer play scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the construct and concurrent validity of a modified version of the Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale (PIPPS), a teacher-rating instrument of interactive play behaviors of preschool children. PIPPS were collected on 523 urban African American Head Start children. The PIPPS scales were confirmed, supporting the following constructs of peer play: Play Interaction,

John Fantuzzo; Kathleen Coolahan; Julia Mendez; Paul McDermott; Brian Sutton-Smith

1998-01-01

467

Inner-City African American Parental Involvement in Children's Schooling: Racial Socialization and Social Support from the Parent Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents (n = 161) and teachers (n = 18) from an urban elementary school serving primarily African American children completed questionnaires regarding racial socialization, social support, and involvement in activities that support youth educational achievement at home and school. Parental reports of racism awareness, and contact with school staff were significantly correlated with parent reports of at-home involvement and at-school

MaryMcKernan McKay; Marc S. Atkins; Tracie Hawkins; Catherine Brown; Cynthia J. Lynn

2003-01-01

468

Role of Student Engagement in the Resilience of African American Adolescents from Low-Income Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study sought to determine whether behavioral and psychological engagement in middle school served a protective or promotive role, thereby contributing to the resilience of African American youth from low-income rural communities. Teacher reports of adjustment (i.e., aggression, academic competence, popularity) in the sixth grade were…

Irvin, Matthew J.

2012-01-01

469

"She Would've Still Made that Face Expression": The Use of Multiple Literacies by Two African American Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses a multiple literacies and traditional approach to literacy by drawing on the experiences of 2 African American young women in a high school English classroom. The article suggests that teachers who use a more traditional approach to literacy are more apt to view students of color as powerless, failing, struggling, and/or…

Carter, Stephanie Power

2006-01-01

470

Constructing Membership Identity through Language and Social Interaction: The Case of African American Children at Faith Missionary Baptist Church  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author explores how African American children in a Black church Sunday school community in northern California developed positive membership identity. Focal participants were Sunday school children ages 9 to 12 and their Sunday school teachers. Drawn from a two-year ethnographic study, data showed that adults prepared…

Peele-Eady, Tryphenia B.

2011-01-01

471

Profiles of depressive symptoms among African Americans and Caribbean Blacks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latent profile analysis was used to summarize profiles of depressive symptoms among a nationally representative sample of US-born and Caribbean-born Blacks. Analyses are based on the responses of 4915 African Americans and Caribbean Blacks from the National Survey of American Life. A high symptoms and a low symptoms class were identified. Age, gender, negative interaction within the individual's social network

Karen D. Lincoln; Linda M. Chatters; Robert Joseph Taylor; James S. Jackson

2007-01-01

472

Hispanic versus African American Girls: Body Image, Nutrition, and Puberty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Public health research has been dominated by the biomedical model, which does not appear to be appropriate for studying public health variables across different populations. For example, when comparing the Hispanic American (HA) and African American (AA) population in the U.S., there are similarities on several demographic and public health…

Talpade, Medha

2008-01-01

473

The Long Path to Higher Education for African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When one considers the possibilities for a new progressive era in American higher education, the author contends that it is wise to review the past because there are lessons to be learned. In fact, the latter part of the 20th century was one of great progress for diversity in higher education, generally speaking, and for African Americans in…

Duster, Troy

2009-01-01

474

The Status of African American Physicists within the DOE Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

In May 2002 there was a backpage article published in American Physical Society Newsletter by the President of the National Society of Black Physicists (NSBP). This article showed that of the 3372 professional physicists employed at the DOE national labs, only 11 are African American, which on a percentage basis is 4 times less than the total availability of Ph.D.

Keith Jackson

2005-01-01

475

The art of pastoral care in the African American church  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following survey is a model training program for educating lay leaders in the provision of pastoral care within the context of the African American Church community. Pastoral care in many American churches has been increasingly recognized and articulated in recent years. As Carroll Wise defined many years ago, “[Pastoral Care] is the manifestation in the relationship between pastor and

James F. Shumake

2002-01-01

476

A Bridge Program for Educationally Disadvantaged Indian and African Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The University of Minnesota, Morris campus, developed a bridge program called the Gateway Program to meet the special concerns of African American and American Indian incoming freshmen. The program initially prepares students for higher education through a 4-week summer program that includes an umbrella course in math, computer literacy, and…

Risku, Michael

477

Counting the uncounted: African American students in Reading Recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines Reading Recovery as a microcosm for issues related to race and access. Tenets of critical race theory are presented to explore how racial biases are systemic in our ways of being, teaching, and conducting research. Specifically, I present data for African American children involved in Reading Recovery in one Midwestern American city and explore contextual factors and

Catherine Compton-Lilly

2011-01-01

478

Factors Affecting African American Counselors' Job Satisfaction: A National Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although there are many job satisfaction studies, research related to the job satisfaction of African American counselors (AACs) is negligible. The purpose of this study was to investigate the job satisfaction of AACs. A total of 182 employed AACs who were members of the American Counseling Association (ACA) completed a modified Minnesota…

Jones, Cravor; Hohensil, Thomas H.; Burge, Penny

2009-01-01

479

Marriage, Money, and African American Mothers' Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the effects of marital status and family income on the self-esteem of 292 African American mothers. Counter to previous studies with European American mothers, family income moderated the effects of marital status. Those mothers with higher family income had higher self-esteem, regardless of their marital status. For those…

Mandara, Jelani; Johnston, Jamie S.; Murray, Carolyn B.; Varner, Fatima

2008-01-01

480

Stress, Marital Satisfaction, and Psychological Distress among African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines relationships among financial strain, unfair treatment, and martial satisfaction among African Americans. Using data from the National Survey of American Life, findings indicated that social stressors that occur inside of the home (i.e., financial strain) as well as those experienced outside of the home (i.e., unfair…

Lincoln, Karen D.; Chae, David H.

2010-01-01

481

Blood pressure reduction programs for African American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans (AA) have a higher prevalence of hypertension and worse cardiovascular and renal outcomes than white Americans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate blood pressure (BP) reduction effectiveness of a two tiered, culturally sensitive, cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction program in moderate and low risk groups of AA women. Participants were assigned to one of two interventions

Leah S. Jorgensen; Syed M. Mohiuddin; Theola M. Cooper; Dennis J. Esterbrooks; Christina N. Hadley; Daniel E. Hilleman; Mark A. Williams

2005-01-01

482

The Long Path to Higher Education for African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When one considers the possibilities for a new progressive era in American higher education, the author contends that it is wise to review the past because there are lessons to be learned. In fact, the latter part of the 20th century was one of great progress for diversity in higher education, generally speaking, and for African Americans in…

Duster, Troy

2009-01-01

483

Welfare Systems and African-Americans: Historical Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An historical discussion of the relationship of American welfare systems to African-Americans, stating that Europeans, primarily from England, reluctantly established meagre, inhumane welfare systems based on seventeenth century English philosophy and tradition for members of their own nationality group after more than two centuries of poverty in…

Nicholson, Rosetta

1975-01-01

484

Psychopathy Subtypes among African American County Jail Inmates  

PubMed Central

There is evidence that the classification of “psychopath” captures a heterogeneous group of offenders. Although several studies have provided evidence for two distinct psychopath subtypes, these studies have inadequately addressed potentially important ethnic differences. A recent taxonomic study found evidence for primary and secondary psychopath subgroups in a sample of European American offenders (Swogger & Kosson, 2007). The present study used cluster analysis to attempt to replicate those findings in a sample of African American offenders. Results confirm the presence of primary and secondary subtypes in African Americans. However, differences between the clusters obtained in the present and previous studies suggest that caution is warranted in generalizing offender taxonomies across ethnicity.

Swogger, Marc T.; Walsh, Zach; Kosson, David S.

2009-01-01

485

The African American experience in the Islamic faith.  

PubMed

Disparity of health outcomes has been identified as a key concern in the health of Americans. Marginalization of the African American population may be a contributing factor. Identification of health protectors may prove key in decreasing disparities. The effect of spirituality on health is discussed. A historical overview of the African American experience in the Islam faith, from the Nation of Islam to universal Islam, is presented. A systematic assessment of the Islamic faith, with emphasis on the African American Muslim, was conducted as an assessment for a Community Health Nursing class. Leininger's Sunrise Model of Culture Care Diversity and Universality, with the ethnonursing model of data collection, served as the framework for data collection and analysis. The Islamic faith was noted to offer holistic direction for a "way of life" that promotes health and harmony of the mind, body, and soul. Implications for research were discussed. PMID:14629679

Ohm, Ruth

486

Surmounting All Odds: Education, Opportunity, and Society in the New Millennium. Volume 2. A Volume in Research on African American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume includes papers 16-32 in a 32-paper collection: (16) "Mining the Fields of Teacher Education: Preparing Teachers to Teach African American Children in Urban Schools" (Patricia A. Edwards, Gwendolyn T. McMillon, and Clifford T. Bennett); (17) "Mentoring Adolescents At Risk or At Promise" (Tammie M. Causey and Kassie Freeman); (18) "Why…

Yeakey, Carol Camp, Ed.; Henderson, Ronald D., Ed.

487

The Ball Curve: Calculated Racism and the Stereotype of African American Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the impact of racial stereotyping on the performance of African American and European American athletes, providing an alternative to race-based intelligence differentials. Focuses on stereotypes of African American men; the Bell Curve; the high proportion of African Americans in U.S. athletics; and masculinity and the stereotype of the…

Hall, Ronald E.

2001-01-01

488

Three Novel mtDNA Restriction Site Polymorphisms Allow Exploration of Population Affinities of African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

To develop informative tools for the study of population affinities in African Americans, we sequenced the hypervariable segments I and II (HVS I and HVS II) of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 96 Sierra Leoneans; European Americans; rural, Gullah-speaking African Americans; urban African Americans living in Charleston, South Carolina; and Jamaicans. We identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) exhibiting ethnic affinities, and

McLean David C. Jr; Ida Spruill; Sahr Gevao; Errol Y. St. A. Morrison; George Argyropoulos; W. Timothy Garvey

2011-01-01

489

Three Novel mtDNA Restriction Site Polymorphisms Allow Exploration of Population Affinities of African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 Abstract To develop informative tools for the study of population affini- ties in African Americans, we sequenced the hypervariable segments I and II (HVS I and HVS II) of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 96 Sierra Leoneans; European Americans; rural, Gullah-speaking African Americans; urban African Americans living in Charleston, South Carolina; and Ja- maicans. We identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)

David C. McLean; Ida Spruill; Sahr Gevao; Errol Y. St. A. Morrison; Owen S. Bernard; George Argyropoulos; W. Timothy Garvey

2003-01-01

490

Relationship of perceived racism, coping, and health among African American urban elders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study hypothesizes that racism may be a chronic source of stress for African Americans and may be a contributory factor in the higher rates of disease, hypertension, and physical limitations of African Americans compared to European Americans. Seventy-four community dwelling African American elders completed an interview that provided information regarding their health status (SF-12 and physical performance), resting

Lisa J Ficker

2004-01-01

491

Breast Cancer Screening Among African American Women: Adherence to Current Recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer remains one of the leading causes of cancer death among African American women, and rates of mammography screening for African American women remain lower than rates for their Caucasian counterparts. The purpose of the current study was to explore the reasons for nonadherence to American Cancer Society breast screening guidelines among African American women who had not received

Cindy Davis; Janice S. Emerson; Baqar A. Husaini

2005-01-01

492

Race and the Workforce: Occupational Status, Aspirations, and Stereotyping Among African American Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether African American children's perceptions of occupational status and their own vocational interests are affected by racial segregation of the workforce. Children (N = 92) rated familiar occupations with respect to status, desirability, and stereotyping. Children also rated novel jobs that had been depicted with African Americans, European Americans, or both African and European Americans. As predicted,

Rebecca S. Bigler; Cara J. Averhart; Lynn S. Liben

2003-01-01

493

Early Head Start and African American Families: Impacts and Mechanisms of Child Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Persistent disparities exist between African American children and their European American counterparts across developmental domains. Early childhood intervention may serve to promote more positive outcomes among African American children. The current study examined whether and how the Early Head Start (EHS) program benefited African American

Harden, Brenda Jones; Sandstrom, Heather; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel

2012-01-01

494

Assessment of the Status of African-Americans. Volume V: Health and Medical Care of African-Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1987 a project was undertaken to assess the status of African Americans in the United States in the topical areas to be addressed by the National Research Council's Study Committee on the Status of Black Americans: education, employment, income and occupations, political participation and the administration of justice, social and cultural…

Reed, Wornie L.; Darity, William, Sr.; Roman, Stanford; Baquet, Claudia; Roberson, Norma L.

495

Health-related Quality of Life of African American Breast Cancer Survivors Compared to Healthy African American Women  

PubMed Central

Background The diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer can result in an array of late cancer-specific side effects and changes in general well-being. Research has focused on Caucasian samples, limiting our understanding of the unique health-related quality of life outcomes of African American breast cancer survivors (BCS). Even when African American BCS have been targeted, research is limited by small samples and failure to include comparisons of peers without a history of breast cancer. Objective The purpose of this study was to compare health-related quality of life of African American women BCS to African American women with no history of breast cancer (control group). Methods A total of 140 women (62 BCS and 78 control), ages 18 years or older and 2–10 years post-diagnosis, was recruited from a breast cancer clinic and cancer support groups. Participants provided informed consent and completed a one-time survey based on Brenner’s (1995) proximal-distal health-related quality of life model. Results After adjusting for age, education, income, and body mass index, African American BCS experienced more fatigue (p=0.001), worse hot flashes (p<0.001) and worse sleep quality (p<0.001), but more social support from their partner (p=0.028) and more positive change (p=0.001) compared to African American women controls. Conclusions Our results suggest that African American women BCS may experience unique health-related outcomes that transcend age, education, socio-economic status and body mass index. Implications for Practice Findings suggest the importance of understanding the survivorship experience for particular racial and ethnic subgroups to proactively assess difficulties and plan interventions.

Von Ah, Diane M.; Russell, Kathleen M.; Carpenter, Janet; Monahan, Patrick O.; Zhao, Qianqian; Tallman, Eileen; Ziner, Kim Wagler; Storniolo, Anna Maria; Miller, Kathy D.; Giesler, R. Brian; Haase, Joan; Otte, Julie; Champion, Victoria L.

2011-01-01

496

Psychosocial correlates of substance use behaviors among African American youth.  

PubMed

Cross-sectional data were collected on substance use behaviors and potential correlates in 1,494 African American students enrolled in grades 5-12 in eight schools in a central Alabama school district. Using a risk and asset framework, self-reported recent alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use were analyzed by identifying and measuring levels of influence, including individual, family, and school. For alcohol and marijuana use, recurrent risk factors were age, being hit by a parent, affiliation with gangs, and a tolerant attitude of peers toward drug use. For cigarette use, risk factors were peer-oriented: associations with gangs or cohorts holding lenient attitudes about substance use. For all substances, salient asset factors were academic achievement and parental monitoring. Findings suggest that efforts to reduce substance use behaviors should be directed at adolescents in terms of academic achievement and grade level as well as their social environments. For the latter, peer/family risks and family/school assets should be the foci for programs to minimize the short- and long-term consequences of these behaviors. Hence, the emphasis should be placed on modeling attitudes, preventing gang and family violence, encouraging parental supervision, and building positive teacher-student interactions. PMID:15727405

Wright, Darlene R; Fitzpatrick, Kevin M

2004-01-01

497

Recruitment of African Americans and Asian Americans with Late Life Depression and Mild Cognitive Impairment  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of several different strategies for recruiting elderly Asians, African Americans, and Caucasians to participate in mental health research. Participants A total of 35 African American, 24 Asian American, and 215 Caucasian participants were phone-screened for potential enrollment into a University of California, San Francisco Department of Psychiatry treatment outcome study for older adults (60+ years of age) with major depression and mild cognitive impairment. Design The methods by which participants were recruited were recorded, coded into composite categories, and statistically analyzed to determine whether certain recruitment strategies were disproportionately effective for recruiting participants from the three racial groups. Results Fisher's exact test analyses revealed that Asians and African Americans were significantly less likely than Caucasians to be recruited through mental health-based methods, and African Americans were significantly more likely than Caucasians and Asians to be recruited via referrals rather than solicitations. Logistic regression, which controlled for potential confounds, largely supported these findings. Conclusions Findings suggest that the recruitment of elderly African or Asian Americans into mental health treatment outcome research can be facilitated by a flexible consumer-oriented strategy that integrates multiple recruitment methods. Establishing study credibility through non-mental health media and professional referral sources may be especially effective in engaging the participation of elderly Asian Americans; and cultivating ongoing relationships with key gatekeepers, who can observe benefits to the community, may be particularly effective in recruiting elderly African Americans.

Bistricky, Steven L.; Mackin, R. Scott; Chu, Joyce P.; Arean, Patricia A.

2010-01-01

498

Perceptions of Support Among Older African American Cancer Survivors  

PubMed Central

Purpose/Objectives To explore the perceived social support needs among older adult African American cancer survivors. Research Approach Qualitative design using grounded theory techniques. Setting Outpatient oncology clinics in the southeastern United States. Participants Focus groups with 22 older adult African American cancer survivors. Methodologic Approach Purposeful sampling technique was used to identify focus group participants. In-depth interviews were conducted and participants were interviewed until informational redundancy was achieved. Main Research Variables Social support needs of older adult African American patients with cancer. Findings Social support was influenced by (a) symptoms and treatment side effects, (b) perceptions of stigma and fears expressed by family and friends, (c) cultural beliefs about cancer, and (d) desires to lessen any burden or disruption to the lives of family and friends. Survivors navigated within and outside of their networks to get their social support needs met. In some instances, survivors socially withdrew from traditional sources of support for fear of being ostracized. Survivors also described feeling hurt, alone, and socially isolated when completely abandoned by friends. Conclusions The support from family, friends, and fellow church members is important to positive outcomes among older African American cancer survivors. However, misconceptions, fears, and negative cultural beliefs persist within the African American community and negatively influence the social support available to this population. Interpretations Early identification of the factors that influence social support can facilitate strategies to improve outcomes and decrease health disparities among this population.

Hamilton, Jill B.; Moore, Charles E.; Powe, Barbara D.; Agarwal, Mansi; Martin, Pamela

2010-01-01

499

Sojourner syndrome and health disparities in African American women.  

PubMed

Despite improvements in many aspects of health, African American women experience early onset of disease and disability and increased mortality because of health disparities. African American women experience stress and health disadvantages because of the interaction and multiplicative effects of race, gender, class, and age. Sojourner Syndrome is an illustrative and symbolic representation that describes the multiple roles and social identities of African American women on the basis of historical referents and adaptive behaviors that fostered survival and resilience under oppressive circumstances. Adaptive behaviors also precipitated health risks due to chronic active coping. Weathering describes the cumulative health impact of persistent stress and chronic active coping that contributes to early health deterioration and increased morbidity, disability, and mortality in African American women. An emancipatory knowing nursing perspective provides a viewpoint from which to examine social injustices that create conditions for the excessive health burdens experienced by African American women and to frame nursing actions that create opportunities to promote health and eliminate health disparities. PMID:19934837

Lekan, Deborah

500

A comparison of juvenile court outcomes for Native Americans, African Americans, and whites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Referrals to a district juvenile court in Iowa were examined for 1980 through 1989 to test an interpretation of Weber's theory of decision making and formal rationality. Logistic regression was employed to examine two hypotheses: 1) Native American youths and African American youths receive more severe outcomes than white youths with similar backgrounds and legal histories, and 2) Native Americans

Michael J. Leiber

1994-01-01