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1

Physical Disability Trajectories in Older Americans with and without Diabetes: The Role of Age, Gender, Race or Ethnicity, and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This research combined cross-sectional and longitudinal data to characterize age-related trajectories in physical disability for adults with and without diabetes in the United States and to investigate if those patterns differ by age, gender, race or ethnicity, and education. Design and Methods: Data were examined on 20,433 adults aged

Chiu, Ching-Ju; Wray, Linda A.

2011-01-01

2

Bold choices: how ethnic inequalities in educational attainment are suppressed  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I examine ethnic inequalities in educational attainment in England and Wales. I focus on the two main educational transitions in England and Wales: the transition at age 16, from compulsory to post-compulsory education, and the transition at age 18, from school to university. I take into account the distinction made by Boudon (1974) between ‘primary’ and ‘secondary’

Michelle Jackson

2012-01-01

3

Educations in Ethnic Violence: Identity, Educational Bubbles, and Resource Mobilization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In "Educations in Ethnic Violence", Matthew Lange explores the effects education has on ethnic violence. Lange contradicts the widely-held belief that education promotes peace and tolerance. Rather, Lange finds that education commonly contributes to aggression, especially in environments with ethnic divisions, limited resources, and ineffective…

Lange, Matthew

2011-01-01

4

Is Child Like Parent? Educational Attainment and Ethnic Origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The speed at which immigrants assimilate is the subject of debate. Human capital formation plays a major role in this discussion. This paper compares the educational attainment of second generation immigrants to those of natives in the same age cohort. Evidence using a large German data set suggests ethnicity does matter: the size of the ethnic network has a positive

Ira N. Gang; Klaus F. Zimmermann

1996-01-01

5

Relationship of ethnicity, age, education, and reading level to speed and executive function among HIV+ and HIV- women: the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) Neurocognitive Substudy.  

PubMed

Use of neuropsychological tests to identify HIV-associated neurocognitive dysfunction must involve normative standards that are well suited to the population of interest. Norms should be based on a population of HIV-uninfected individuals as closely matched to the HIV-infected group as possible and must include examination of the potential effects of demographic factors on test performance. This is the first study to determine the normal range of scores on measures of psychomotor speed and executive function among a large group of ethnically and educationally diverse HIV-uninfected, high-risk women, as well as their HIV-infected counterparts. Participants (n?=?1,653) were administered the Trail Making Test Parts A and B (Trails A and Trails B), the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), and the Wide Range Achievement Test-3 (WRAT-3). Among HIV-uninfected women, race/ethnicity accounted for almost 5% of the variance in cognitive test performance. The proportions ofvariance in cognitive test performance accounted for by age (13.8%), years of school (4.1%), and WRAT-3 score (11.5%) were each significant, but did not completely account for the effect of race (3%). HIV-infected women obtained lower scores than HIV-uninfected women on time to complete Trails A and B, SDMT total correct, and SDMT incidental recall score, but after adjustment for age, years of education, racial/ethnic classification, and reading level, only the difference on SDMT total correct remained significant. Results highlight the need to adjust for demographic variables when diagnosing cognitive impairment in HIV-infected women. Advantages of demographically adjusted regression equations developed using data from HIV-uninfected women are discussed. PMID:21950512

Manly, Jennifer J; Smith, Clifford; Crystal, Howard A; Richardson, Jean; Golub, Elizabeth T; Greenblatt, Ruth; Robison, Esther; Martin, Eileen M; Young, Mary

2011-08-23

6

Relationship of ethnicity, age, education, and reading level to speed and executive function among HIV+ and HIV- women: The WIHS Neurocognitive Substudy  

PubMed Central

Use of neuropsychological tests to identify HIV-associated neurocognitive dysfunction must involve normative standards that are well-suited to the population of interest. Norms should be based on a population of HIV-uninfected individuals as closely matched to the HIV-infected group as possible, and must include examination of the potential effects of demographic factors on test performance. This is the first study to determine the normal range of scores on measures of psychomotor speed and executive function among a large group of ethnically and educationally diverse HIV-uninfected, high risk women, as well as their HIV-infected counterparts. Participants (n = 1653) were administered the Trailmaking Test Parts A and B (Trails A and Trails B), the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), and the Wide Range Achievement Test-3 (WRAT-3). Among HIV-uninfected women, race/ethnicity accounted for almost 5% of the variance in cognitive test performance. The proportion of variance in cognitive test performance accounted for by age (13.8%), years of school (4.1%) and WRAT-3 score (11.5%) were each significant, but did not completely account for the effect of race (3%). HIV-infected women obtained lower scores than HIV-uninfected women on time to complete Trails A and B, SDMT total correct, and SDMT incidental recall score, but after adjustment for age, years of education, racial/ethnic classification, and reading level, only the difference on SDMT total correct remained significant. Results highlight the need to adjust for demographic variables when diagnosing cognitive impairment in HIV-infected women. Advantages of demographically adjusted regression equations developed using data from HIV-uninfected women are discussed.

Manly, Jennifer J.; Smith, Clifford; Crystal, Howard A.; Richardson, Jean; Golub, Elizabeth T.; Young, Mary; Greenblatt, Ruth; Robison, Esther

2012-01-01

7

Trilingual Education for Ethnic Minorities: Toward Empowerment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Trilingual education (encompassing ethnic minority languages, Chinese, and English) for minority students gains popular support from local ethnic communities to redress educational inequality issues affecting majority and minority groups in China. This paper explores the uses of these three languages on two university campuses, representative of…

Zhao, Zhenzhou

2010-01-01

8

Ethnicity: Science, Being, and Educational Opportunity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is supportive to the anthropological principle of biculturation as a pragmatic principle of education of America's contemporary ethnically-different people. The acquisition of bilingualism and a bicultural ethos are objective evidences of this process in action. Personal experiences of the author's childhood education in a Greek and…

Counelis, James Steve

9

Language Education and Ethnic Children's Literature at Penn State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gross stereotypes, subtle distortions, and omissions in references to ethnic groups in children's literature play a direct part in forming children's attitudes at an early age. One of the requirements for elementary education teacher certification at Penn State University is a course in children's literature with an emphasis on guiding students…

Singh, Jane M.

10

Ethnicity and Conflict in Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been little research dealing with the issues of teaching ethnic minority groups in physical education (PE), in particular that which takes the perceptions of teachers and their pupils as the focal point to examine the issues and conflicts. This research takes a social action perspective by studying Muslim children in a northern comprehensive school. The areas of conflict

Bob Carroll; Graeme Hollinshead

1993-01-01

11

Educational Equity in Ethnically Diverse Group Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational research in cooperative learning suggests that inequity based on perceived status may be an issue with heterogeneous cooperative learning groups. This paper explores issues of status based on race, ethnicity and cultural background in the New Zealand tertiary classroom where there is a diverse mix of domestic and international…

Baker, Trish; Clark, Jill

2011-01-01

12

Ethnicity, Forms of Capital, and Educational Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bourdieu's cultural capital thesis is an attempt to explain how social class influences the transmission of educational inequality. In this article, the question of the extent to which various forms of capital also apply to ethnic minorities stands central. On the basis of Dutch and American research findings, a model is formulated and empirically tested with the aid of data

Geert W. J. M. Driessen

2001-01-01

13

Ethnicity, Forms of Capital, and Educational Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using Bourdieu's theory of cultural capital, which explains how social class influences transmission of educational inequality, this article questions the extent to which various forms of capital also apply to ethnic minorities. Discusses a study of Dutch, Surinamese, Turkish, and Moroccan students, which found that there was no mediating effect…

Driessen, Geert W. J. M.

2001-01-01

14

Birds of an Ethnic Feather? Ethnic Identity Homophily among College-Age Friends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the degree to which pairs of friends report similar levels of ethnic identity. College-age friends (n=107 pairs; N=214 overall) completed measures of ethnic identity exploration and commitment, identity synthesis, relationship closeness, and frequency of talking to friends and family about ethnicity-related issues. Participants…

Syed, Moin; Juan, Mary Joyce D.

2012-01-01

15

Birds of an Ethnic Feather? Ethnic Identity Homophily among College-Age Friends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study assessed the degree to which pairs of friends report similar levels of ethnic identity. College-age friends (n=107 pairs; N=214 overall) completed measures of ethnic identity exploration and commitment, identity synthesis, relationship closeness, and frequency of talking to friends and family about ethnicity-related issues.…

Syed, Moin; Juan, Mary Joyce D.

2012-01-01

16

Aging and Ethnicity: Issues for Clinical Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to dramatic improvements in life expectancy among Americans from diverse ethnic groups, the “graying of America” is resulting in a particularly marked increase in ethnic diversity in late life. Clinicians must be prepared to address the problems of older ethnic minority patients, who present with distinct problems during late life and may present these problems in culturally prescribed ways.

William E. Haley; Beth Han; J. Neil Henderson

1998-01-01

17

ETHNICISM: AN ISSUE IN EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of ethnicism on modem social organisation such as educational establishments. The choice of educational establishment is made because of our limited knowledge and understanding of organisational theory of educational establishment. This paper draws from ethno graphic record kept for a period of three months while investigating the impact of ethnicism on the activities of personnel

AFAMEFUNA AFAGWUSIA MORDI

18

Racial/Ethnic and Gender Diversity in Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides an overview of activities to increase racial/ethnic and gender diversity in nursing and nursing education. Data are from a survey on gender diversity completed by 193 nursing education administrators in the 16 Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) states and the District of Columbia and a survey about the racial/ethnic

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA. Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing.

19

Bilingual Education among Ethnic Koreans in China: Ethnic Language Maintenance and Upward Social Mobility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ethnic minority education is a challenge for developing countries and a matter of international urgency. This paper imputes bilingual policy for ethnic Koreans as an example for exploring the implementation of bilingual education during China's reform period. Drawn from an ethnographic research study at a bilingual Korean school in northeast…

Gao, Fang

2010-01-01

20

Ethnic Group Schooling and the Massachusetts Transitional Bilingual Education Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethnic schools (supplementary schools conducted on Saturday and weekday afternoons and religion-affiliated day schools) in the Boston area were surveyed in order to determine the effect of the Massachusetts Transitional Bilingual Education Act (TBEA) on ethnic schooling and the possibilities of ethnic school involvement with TBEA. The schools…

Chin, Big-Qu; Duda, Halyna

21

Do Mothers' Educational Expectations Differ by Race and Ethnicity, or Socioeconomic Status?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research has linked parents' educational expectations to children's educational attainment, but findings are inconsistent regarding differences in educational expectations by race and ethnicity. In addition, existing studies have focused on school-age children and their parents. In this study, we use a state representative sample to examine…

Kim, Youngmi; Sherraden, Michael; Clancy, Margaret

2013-01-01

22

Romanticism as a function of age, sex, and ethnicity.  

PubMed

This study examined the association between romanticism (operationalized as mean score on the Romantic Beliefs Scale) and age, sex, and ethnicity in a large community sample (N = 436). Age was negatively correlated with romanticism scores; as age increased, romanticism scores decreased. No sex differences were found; men and women had similar, moderate scores. Although ethnicity largely was unrelated to romanticism, Asian/Pacific Islander participants were significantly more romantic than were African-American participants. PMID:21323155

Regan, Pamela C; Anguiano, Carlos

2010-12-01

23

The Role of Ethnic Studies in Educational Equality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The need for ethnicity to be recognized and accepted by American society is discussed in terms of the inequalities in American education with regard to ethnic children. Positive aspects and limitations of two educational approaches, Black Studies and the Bilingual Program, aimed at the amelioration of social needs caused by poverty,…

Kolm, Richard

24

Ethnicity, Education, and Earnings in Bolivia and Guatemala.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Guatemala and Bolivia, countries with high proportions of ethnic (Native) population, indigenous workers had lower educational attainment and earned less at every educational level, relative to nonindigenous workers. The differences between ethnic groups were greater in Guatemala than Bolivia. (SV)|

Psacharopoulos, George

1993-01-01

25

Racial & Ethnic Diversity in Higher Education. ASHE Reader Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This text is a resource on racial and ethnic diversity for faculty and students in higher education. It is organized in sections related to the history of racial and ethnic diversity in higher education, curriculum and teaching, students, faculty, administration, leadership and governance, and research issues. The chapters are: (1) "History of…

Turner, Caroline Sotello Viernes, Ed.; Garcia, Mildred, Ed.; Nora, Amaury, Ed.; Rendon, Laura I., Ed.

26

American Indian College Students' Ethnic Identity and Beliefs about Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sixty-seven American Indian and 96 European-American undergraduate students responded to questions about their educational and ethnic beliefs and their perceptions of their mother's and father's support for education. The American Indian participants completed some additional items regarding their ethnic beliefs and their perceptions of their…

Okagaki, Lynn; Helling, Mary Kay; Bingham, Gary E.

2009-01-01

27

Resources for Aging Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a short paper on the rationale for aging education at all levels, several resource lists cite curriculum materials and general references on aging. Aging education is defined to encompass educational programs at all levels aimed at helping students learn more about the nature and problems of growing old. Focus is on the elementary and…

Cavaliere, Lorraine A.

28

The limits of social class in explaining ethnic gaps in educational attainment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports an analysis of the educational attainment and progress between age 11 and age 14 of over 14,500 students from the nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Young People in England. The mean attainment gap in national tests at age 14 between White British and several ethnic minority groups was large, more than three times the size of the

Steve Strand

2011-01-01

29

The effects of race, ethnicity, and age on obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

About 30% of Americans are obese, which is roughly a 100% increase from 25 years ago. This study examines the effects of changes\\u000a in the racial\\/ethnic composition and age distribution on the prevalence of obesity, identifies the portion of the increase\\u000a in obesity caused by these changes, and projects the effects of future racial\\/ethnic and age changes on obesity using National

Charles L. Baum

2007-01-01

30

The second-language vocabulary trajectories of Turkish immigrant children in Norway from ages five to ten: the role of preschool talk exposure, maternal education, and co-ethnic concentration in the neighborhood.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Little research has explored how preschools can support children's second-language (L2) vocabulary development. This study keenly followed the progress of twemty-six Turkish immigrant children growing up in Norway from preschool (age five) to fifth grade (age ten). Four different measures of preschool talk exposure (amount and diversity of teacher-led group talk and amount and diversity of peer talk), as well as the demographic variables of maternal education and co-ethnic concentration in the neighborhood, were employed to predict the children's L2 vocabulary trajectories. The results of growth analyses revealed that maternal education was the only variable predicting children's vocabulary growth during the elementary years. However, teacher-led talk, peer talk, and neighborhood predicted children's L2 vocabulary skills at age five, and these differences were maintained up to age ten. This study underscores the importance of both preschool talk exposure (teacher-led talk and peer talk) and demographic factors on L2 learners' vocabulary development. PMID:23442820

Rydland, Veslemøy; Grøver, Vibeke; Lawrence, Joshua

2013-02-26

31

Interethnic Marriage Decisions: A Choice between Ethnic and Educational Similarities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effect of education on intermarriage and specifically, whether the mechanisms through which education affects intermarriage differ by immigrant generation and race. We consider three main paths through which education affects marriage choice. First, educated people may be better able to adapt to different customs and cultures making them more likely to marry outside of their ethnicity.

Delia Furtado; Nikolaos Theodoropoulos

2007-01-01

32

Education, horizontal inequalities and ethnic relations in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article focuses on the role of higher education in generating or mitigating inequality among ethno-regional groups and its impact on ethnic relations with evidence from Nigeria. It shows that access to education in Nigeria has been politicised. This is because of the perceived role of education in engendering political and socio-economic inequalities. It assesses the intervention mechanisms of successive

Ukoha Ukiwo

2007-01-01

33

The Role of Ethnicity in Special Education Identification and Educational Setting Placement in Illinois. Data Imprints.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides, in textual and tabular forms, information on the role of ethnicity in special education identification and placement in Illinois. Comparison of the ethnic composition of the total public elementary and secondary education population and of students receiving special education services indicated some disproportions. White…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Special Education.

34

Wideband acoustic immittance normative data: ethnicity, gender, aging, and instrumentation.  

PubMed

This article describes the effect of ethnicity, gender, aging, and instrumentation on wideband acoustic immittance (WAI). This is an important topic to investigate as the goal of any audiological test is optimize the test's sensitivity and specificity. One way to improve the test's sensitivity and specificity is to reduce the variability of the normative data. The impact of the aforementioned demographic characteristics on WAI norms has been reviewed, and where applicable its potential impact on clinical outcome has been discussed. Overall, differences observed between Caucasian and Chinese ethnic groups in adults population may warrant the use of ethnicity-specific norms especially for detection of otosclerosis; however, these differences in the school-aged children are not large enough to warrant the use of ethnicity-specific norms. It is important to explore whether the observed differences between Caucasian and Chinese ethnic groups is due to body-size indices and whether these differences can be replicated in other East Asian ethnic groups that share similar body-size indices. The differences observed between school-aged children and adults could also potentially impact clinical decision analysis. Therefore, use of age-specific norm is recommended. The differences in WAI between different systems are not clinically significant, and the use of instrument-specific norms does not result in improved test performance at least for the detection of otosclerosis. However, measuring WAI at ambient pressure (static) or at pressure corresponding to the peak (dynamic mode) could potentially impact the normative data and may prove to be clinically useful in cases of negative and positive middle ear pressure. PMID:23900176

Shahnaz, Navid; Feeney, M Patrick; Schairer, Kim S

2013-07-01

35

Troubling Identities: Teacher Education Students' Constructions of Class and Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with diverse student populations productively depends on teachers and teacher educators recognizing and valuing difference. Too often, in teacher education programs, when markers of identity such as gender, ethnicity, "race", or social class are examined, the focus is on developing student teachers' understandings of how these discourses…

Allard, Andrea C.; Santoro, Ninetta

2006-01-01

36

Unproven Links: Can Poverty Explain Ethnic Disproportionality in Special Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The high degree of overlap of race and poverty in our society has led to the presumption in both research and practice that ethnic disproportionality in special education is in large measure an artifact of the effects of poverty. This article explores relationships among race, poverty, and special education identification to arrive at a more…

Skiba, Russell J.; Poloni-Staudinger, Lori; Simmons, Ada B.; Feggins-Azziz, L. Renae; Choong-Geun, Chung

2005-01-01

37

Education, Ethnicity, and Political Socialization In Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of a purposively selected cohort group of 525 Kenyan adolescents at varying levels of education (no education, primary education only, and secondary education) attempts to shed light on the role of education in the political socialization of youth in Africa. Hypotheses relating to the effects of education and selected demographic variables on the level of political information and

Edmond J. Keller

1980-01-01

38

A glance to education in the middle east under the shadow of politic and ethnic conflicts in the region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education in the Middle East has been effective and important during the ages and the civilizations in the region have shaped both economic and social life around the region. But later Middle East education systems have entered the twenty century with problems and political differences. And these political differences, colonialism, missionaries and ethnics conflicts have colored their education systems. There

Ender Kanalan; Cevat Celep

2011-01-01

39

Age and ethnic differences in cold weather and contagion theories of colds and flu.  

PubMed

Age and ethnic group differences in cold weather and contagion or germ theories of infectious disease were explored in two studies. A cold weather theory was frequently invoked to explain colds and to a lesser extent flu but became less prominent with age as children gained command of a germ theory of disease. Explanations of how contact with other people causes disease were more causally sophisticated than explanations of how cold weather causes it. Finally, Mexican American and other minority children were more likely than European American children to subscribe to cold weather theories, a difference partially but not wholly attributable to ethnic group differences in parent education. Findings support the value of an intuitive or naïve theories perspective in understanding developmental and sociocultural differences in concepts of disease and in planning health education to help both children and their parents shed misconceptions so that they can focus on effective preventive actions. PMID:21586668

Sigelman, Carol K

2011-05-17

40

Ethnic Disparities in Mental Health and Educational Attainment: Comparing Migrant and Native Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study background and aims: Ethnic disparities in mental health in adolescence may play a role in the development of ethnic disparities in educational attainment. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of ethnic disparities in mental health problems in adolescence to ethnic disparities in educational attainment in adulthood.Methods: We followed two community samples of respectively 486 Dutch

Floor V. A. Van Oort; Jan Van der Ende; Alfons A. M. Crijnen; Frank C. Verhulst; Johan P. Mackenbach; Inez M. A. Joung

2007-01-01

41

Visually Translating Educational Materials for Ethnic Populations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing populations of older adults, ethnic minorities, and the low-literate create unique concerns for the design of visual information. Those for whom text presents a barrier will respond most to legibility, use of familiar formats and symbols, and simplification. Guidelines for those processes are needed, and this paper, in particular,…

Schiffman, Carole B.

42

Ethnicity, Race, and Nationality in Education: A Global Perspective. The Rutgers Invitational Symposium on Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume contains 12 papers originally presented at the 14th Rutgers Invitational Symposium on Education in 1999. The symposium explored contemporary issues of ethnic, cultural, and national identities and their influence on the social construction of identity. Papers include: (1) "Reconceptualizing Ethnicity and Educational Achievement"…

Shimahara, N. Ken, Ed.; Holowinsky, Ivan Z., Ed.; Tomlinson-Clarke, Saundra, Ed.

43

Calculation of coronary age using calcium scores in multiple ethnicities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coronary artery calcium (CAC) accumulation, a marker of atherosclerosis burden, differs significantly among patients of different\\u000a ethnicities. It has been proposed that CAC scores can be used to assess the number of life years lost or gained by an individual\\u000a with a given amount of coronary artery calcium. Therefore, we sought to develop a method to calculate the coronary age

Gopi K. R. Sirineni; Paolo Raggi; Leslee J. Shaw; Arthur E. Stillman

2008-01-01

44

Gender, Ethnicity and Education in Malta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of the educational system in the Maltese archipelago focused on the island of Gozo. Results showed that the educational policies and practices of the Maltese state are biased against women and people of Gozo origin. (SK)

Cutajar, Josephine Ann

1999-01-01

45

Aging Education: A National Imperative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Americans are living longer than ever before. However, many are not prepared for the long life ahead of them. Although lifespan-aging education has been endorsed since the first White House Conference on Aging in 1961, little is happening with aging education in our homes, schools and communities. Americans often reach old age with little or no formal education on aging

Sandra L. McGuire; Diane A. Klein; Donna Couper

2005-01-01

46

Formulation of the age-education index: measuring age and education effects in neuropsychological performance.  

PubMed

The complex interplay of education, age, and cognitive performance on various neuropsychological tests is examined in the current study. New education indices were formulated and further investigated to reveal how age and education variances work together to account for performance on neuropsychological tests. Participants were 830 English-speaking ethnic Chinese. Neuropsychological measures such as Verbal Memory, Digit Sequencing, Token Motor Task, Semantic Fluency, Symbol Coding, Tower of London, Judgment of Line Orientation, and Matrix Reasoning of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale were administered. Education was measured by total years of education and adjusted years of education, as well as ratios of both measures with age. Age and education were associated with neuropsychological performance. Adjusted years of education was associated with fluency and higher cognitive processes, while the ratio between adjusted years of education and age was associated with tasks implicating working memory. Changes in education modalities implicated tasks requiring language abilities. Education and age represent key neurodevelopmental milestones. In light of our findings, special consideration should to be given when neuropsychological assessments are carried out in cross-cultural contexts and in societies where educational systems and pedagogy tend to be complex. PMID:23148648

Lam, Max; Eng, Goi Khia; Rapisarda, Attilio; Subramaniam, Mythily; Kraus, Michael; Keefe, Richard S E; Collinson, Simon Lowes

2012-11-12

47

Ethnic Studies, Citizenship Education, and the Public Good  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1990s, ethnic studies and other components of multicultural education have been criticized by neo-conservative and assimilationist scholars who maintain that school diversity initiatives weaken national identity and fail to help students attain the knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to function effectively in the national mainstream…

Banks, James A.

2012-01-01

48

Using Predictor Tests to Strengthen Ethnic Diversity in Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development of the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) tests which predict student success in mathematics on the Texas Academic Skills Program (TASP) and readiness for college mathematics. Institutions wishing to expand ethnic diversity in teacher education must help minority students prepare for tests like the TASP. (SM)|

Heger, Herbert K.; Engelhardt, Jon M.

1991-01-01

49

Ethnicity: An Intervening Variable In Social Work Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines curriculum issues in social work education in relationship to the concepts of ethnicity, minority groups, racism, and institutional racism. Operational definitions to establish conceptual clarity are also developed. The statistical aspects of progression vis-à-vis cultural diversity in enrollment and representation on the faculty of schools of social work are studied. Social policy and the implementation of change

SEYMOUR MIRELOWITZ; LEONA GROSSMAN

1975-01-01

50

Differences in Earnings and Education Among Ethnic Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data for this study comes from the 1971 Current Population survey made in March 1972 by the Bureau of the Census. Findings indicate that there has been little change in the relative educational achievement of the major European ethnic groups during the last fifty years. Russians continue to maintain the large lead they has after one generation in…

Carliner, Geoffrey

51

Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups. NCES 2010-015  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups" examines the educational progress and challenges of students in the United States by race/ethnicity. This report shows that over time, the numbers of students of each race/ethnicity who have completed high school and continued their education in college have increased. Despite these…

Aud, Susan; Fox, Mary Ann; KewalRamani, Angelina

2010-01-01

52

Education and Aging: New Task for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how the aging of the American population is extending the range of educational tasks, increasing the responsibilities of educational agencies, and bringing new agencies into the educational scene. (Author/LF)|

Stanford, E. Percil

1972-01-01

53

Age and Ethnic Variation in Children's Thinking about the Nature of Racism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A content analysis of interviews with an ethnically diverse group of 202 children aged 6 to 10 describes what children think racism is, and examines associations between age, ethnicity, and children's thinking about racism. Children's narratives capture many dimensions of racism, including stereotypes, prejudice, discrimination, and ethnic

McKown, Clark

2004-01-01

54

Ethnicity, Inequality, and Higher Education in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traces the development since 1957 of Malaysian education policies aimed at providing equitable access to higher education. Suggests that these policies have increased representation of the Malay underclass in tertiary institutions and the professions, but have had little effect on intraethnic class inequalities. 46 references. (SV)|

Selvaratnam, Viswanathan

1988-01-01

55

Birth Rates for U.S. Teenagers Reach Historic Lows for All Age and Ethnic Groups  

MedlinePLUS

... Rates for U.S. Teenagers Reach Historic Lows for All Age and Ethnic Groups On This Page Key ... 19 declined to historic lows in 2010 in all racial and ethnic groups, but disparities remain. Rates ...

56

Barriers to participation in mental health research: are there specific gender, ethnicity and age related barriers?  

PubMed Central

Background It is well established that the incidence, prevalence and presentation of mental disorders differ by gender, ethnicity and age, and there is evidence that there is also differential representation in mental health research by these characteristics. The aim of this paper is to a) review the current literature on the nature of barriers to participation in mental health research, with particular reference to gender, age and ethnicity; b) review the evidence on the effectiveness of strategies used to overcome these barriers. Method Studies published up to December 2008 were identified using MEDLINE, PsycINFO and EMBASE using relevant mesh headings and keywords. Results Forty-nine papers were identified. There was evidence of a wide range of barriers including transportation difficulties, distrust and suspicion of researchers, and the stigma attached to mental illness. Strategies to overcome these barriers included the use of bilingual staff, assistance with travel, avoiding the use of stigmatising language in marketing material and a focus on education about the disorder under investigation. There were very few evaluations of such strategies, but there was evidence that ethnically matching recruiters to potential participants did not improve recruitment rates. Educational strategies were helpful and increased recruitment. Conclusion Mental health researchers should consider including caregivers in recruitment procedures where possible, provide clear descriptions of study aims and describe the representativeness of their sample when reporting study results. Studies that systematically investigate strategies to overcome barriers to recruitment are needed.

2010-01-01

57

Ethnicity, Identity and Educational Achievement in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identity is central for research on education since, under certain conditions, it may influence school choice, career preferences and classroom behaviour. Identity also determines disposition toward schooling because it may have the capacity to shape and modify the values, beliefs and characteristics that distinguish one person from another, by…

Flores-Crespo, Pedro

2007-01-01

58

Effects of Ethnicity, Family Income, and Education on Dietary Intake among Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The aim of the study is to describe the overall diet and potential effects of gender, ethnicity, family income, and parents' education on dietary patterns in adolescents aged 11 to 20 years who participated in a cohort study in 12 Southern California communities. Methods. A validated 131-item youth\\/adolescent food frequency questionnaire was administrated among 3,201 participants in the Children's

Bin Xie; Frank D Gilliland; Yu-Fen Li; Helaine RH Rockett

2003-01-01

59

Education, Ethnicity, Genetics and Intelligence. Jensenism: Another Excuse for Failure to Educate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue of the IRCD Bulletin is devoted to commentaries on an article by Arthur R. Jensen on the nature-nurture controversy in a recent number of "Harvard Educational Review." Contents of the Bulletin are comprised of the following: "Education, Ethnicity, Genetics and Intelligence; Jensenism: Another Excuse for Failure to Educate" (Edmund W.…

Gordon, Edmund W., Ed.

1969-01-01

60

Fetal age assessment based on 2nd trimester ultrasound in Africa and the effect of ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The African population is composed of a variety of ethnic groups, which differ considerably from each other. Some studies suggest that ethnic variation may influence dating. The aim of the present study was to establish reference values for fetal age assessment in Cameroon using two different ethnic groups (Fulani and Kirdi). METHODS: This was a prospective cross sectional study

Daniel Salpou; Torvid Kiserud; Svein Rasmussen; Synnøve Johnsen

2008-01-01

61

Racial/Ethnic and Age Differences in Women's Awareness of Heart Disease  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to examine differences in awareness of heart disease among women according to race/ethnicity by age group, adjusted for confounders. Methods American Heart Association (AHA) National Surveys conducted in 2006 (n=1005) and 2009 (n=1142) were pooled using common variables (n=2147) and reweighted to reflect the 2010 United States Census. Surveys comprised standardized, interviewer-assisted demographic and awareness questions. Associations between racial/ethnic group and heart disease awareness stratified by age were assessed by weighted chi-square statistics; logistic regression was used for multivariable adjustment. Results Black and Hispanic women were 66% less likely than white women to be aware that heart disease is the leading cause of death in women (odds ratio [OR] 0.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.23–0.50) after multivariable adjustment for significant confounders. The percent aware among white women was 65%; awareness did not differ between black and Hispanic women (37% vs. 38%). Other significant multivariable predictors included education (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.22–0.62) and income <$35,000/year (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.41–0.77). Younger women (age<55 years) were less likely to be aware that heart disease is the leading cause of death in women (OR 0.66, 95% CI 0.50–0.87) and were less likely to report being very well/well informed about heart disease (OR 0.53, 95% CI 0.41–0.68) compared to older women (age?55 years). Awareness of heart attack signs, such as shortness of breath (34%), nausea (15%), and fatigue (7%), was low among all women. Conclusions Racial/ethnic minority status and age<55 years were significant risk factors for lower heart disease awareness among women, suggesting these groups should be targeted for educational programs. Awareness of heart attack signs was low among all subgroups of women.

Mochari-Greenberger, Heidi; Miller, Kerri L.

2012-01-01

62

Aging Education: A National Imperative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Americans are living longer than ever before. However, many are not prepared for the long life ahead of them. Although lifespan-aging education has been endorsed since the first White House Conference on Aging in 1961, little is happening with aging education in our homes, schools and communities. Americans often reach old age with little or no…

McGuire, Sandra L.; Klein, Diane A.; Couper, Donna

2005-01-01

63

Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities. NCES 2007-039  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities" examines the educational progress and challenges that racial and ethnic minorities face in the United States. This report shows that over time larger numbers of minorities have completed high school and continued their education in college. Despite these gains, progress has…

KewalRamani, Angelina; Gilbertson, Lauren; Fox, Mary Ann; Provasnik, Stephen

2007-01-01

64

Ethnic Segregation in Malaysia's Education System: Enrolment Choices, Preferential Policies and Desegregation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ethnic segregation has become an emerging feature in Malaysia's education system even though the institutional role of education should have been a unifying force for the country's multi-ethnic society. The underlying problem is that, at all levels of education provision in Malaysia, alternative streams are allowed to coexist alongside mainstream…

Raman, Santhiram R.; Sua, Tan Yao

2010-01-01

65

Contextualizing ethnic educational inequality: the role of stability and quality of neighborhoods and ethnic density in second-generation attainment.  

PubMed

This study examines the joint impact of neighborhood structure and ethnic density on the educational attainment of the second generation. Using second-generation samples and a majority reference sample from the Belgian Census, multi-level analysis yields the expected positive effects of neighborhood stability and quality and ethnic density on second-generation school completion. Reflecting the ethnic stratification of the Belgian housing market, majority residential concentration tends to coincide with high neighborhood stability and quality and high completion rates, whereas Moroccan concentrations overlap with low neighborhood quality, and low completion rates. For the Turkish and Italian second generation, neighborhood structure moderates ethnic density effects on school completion, in line with segmented assimilation. Our findings suggest distinct Moroccan, Turkish and Italian incorporation modes which reflect differential access to, and investments in ethnic versus mainstream social networks. PMID:22069772

Fleischmann, Fenella; Phalet, Karen; Neels, Karel; Deboosere, Patrick

2011-01-01

66

Language and Ethnicity: Multiple Literacies in Context, Language Education in Guatemala  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the research literature available in the United States on the evolution of language policy and planning issues involved in bilingual education programs in Mayan communities in Guatemala. I begin with general comments regarding language policy and planning for bilingual programs for ethnic groups within the borders of nation\\/states. These ethnic groups strive to maintain their ethnic,

Janet L. Helmberger

2006-01-01

67

The Ongoing Pursuit of Educational Equity in Japan: The Accreditation of Ethnic High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2003, the Japanese Ministry of Education accredited the high school diplomas of most "ethnic high schools," which are schools by and for specific ethnic minority populations, such as Korean, Brazilian, or Chinese students in Japan. Prior to this policy, diplomas from most ethnic high schools were not recognized by the Japanese government as…

Tokunaga, Tomoko; Douthirt-Cohen, Beth

2012-01-01

68

The Ongoing Pursuit of Educational Equity in Japan: The Accreditation of Ethnic High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003, the Japanese Ministry of Education accredited the high school diplomas of most "ethnic high schools," which are schools by and for specific ethnic minority populations, such as Korean, Brazilian, or Chinese students in Japan. Prior to this policy, diplomas from most ethnic high schools were not recognized by the Japanese government as…

Tokunaga, Tomoko; Douthirt-Cohen, Beth

2012-01-01

69

Looking Inward: The Impact of Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Social Class Background on Teaching Sociocultural Theory in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper I examine how and to what extent various elements of my biography--race, ethnicity, gender, age, social class background, and prior personal and professional experiences--influenced my relationships with students in a graduate course examining the impact of race, gender, and social class on education. My lived experiences as an…

Skerrett, Allison

2006-01-01

70

Looking Inward: The impact of race, ethnicity, gender, and social class background on teaching sociocultural theory in education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I examine how and to what extent various elements of my biography—race, ethnicity, gender, age, social class background, and prior personal and professional experiences—influenced my relationships with students in a graduate course examining the impact of race, gender, and social class on education. My lived experiences as an immigrant woman of color in United States society and

Allison Skerrett

2006-01-01

71

Exploring the Influence of Ethnicity, Age, and Trauma on Prisoners’ World Assumptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the author explores world assumptions of prisoners, how these assumptions vary by ethnicity and age, and whether trauma history affects world assumptions. A random sample of young and old prisoners, matched for prison location, was drawn from the New Jersey Department of Corrections prison population. Age and ethnicity had significant effects on World Assumption Scale (WAS) scores,

Sandy Gibson

2011-01-01

72

Age as a Factor in Ethnic Accent Identification in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study seeks to answer two research questions. First, can listeners distinguish the ethnicity of the speakers on the basis of voice quality alone? Second, do demographic differences among the listeners affect discriminability? A simple but carefully designed and controlled ethnic identification test was carried out on 325 Singaporean…

Tan, Ying Ying

2012-01-01

73

Education, Ethnic Identity, and Acculturation as Predictors of Self-Esteem in Latino Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the self-esteem, acculturation, and ethnic identity of 150 Latino adolescents enrolled in either a bilingual or traditional education program. Bilingual education programs were established to ensure that academic failure was not the product of limited English proficiency. Grade point average (GPA), acculturation, and ethnic

Cavazos-Rehg, Patricia A.; DeLucia-Waack, Janice L.

2009-01-01

74

Nassau County Educational Resources Center Catalog of Professional Materials. Multi-Ethnic Materials Collection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Nassau Educational Resource Center is a multimedia, multi-area curriculum and instructional materials center, with an educational communications training component. The catalog contains listings of the professional resources made available at the Center in the area of multi-ethnic studies by the Racial Ethnic Action Project (REAP). REAP,…

Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

75

Fostering a Pluralistic Society through Multi-Ethnic Education. Fastback 107.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of multiethnic education is to prepare all students to live harmoniously in a multiethnic society. Multiethnic education pursues these goals by reflecting ethnic diversity in the curriculum, dealing directly with ethnic group similarities and differences, and helping students understand their uniqueness in a pluralistic milieu.…

Garcia, Ricardo L.

76

Improving Gender and Ethnic Relations. Strategies for Schools and Further Education. Cassell Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development of educational and social relationships among students of different ethnic groups and social backgrounds is examined in these explorations of the reduction of prejudice among school children. Qualitative methods are used, and emphasis is placed on the role of collaborative learning and on the strategies and techniques teachers can…

Singh, Basil R., Ed.

77

Age and racial\\/ethnic differences in maternal, fetal, and placental conditions in laboring patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Most health indicators exhibit evidence of ethnic disparity. This study describes the prevalence of clinical conditions that are associated with pregnancy, stratified at age 35 years, and by ethnicity (black, white, Hispanic, other). Study Design: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional cohort study. We used International Classification of Diseases discharge diagnostic codes from California discharge data to identify 31 maternal,

Kimberly D. Gregory; Lisa M. Korst

2003-01-01

78

Education eclipses ethnicity in predicting the development of the metabolic syndrome in different ethnic groups in midlife: the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN)  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the respective roles of socio-economic status (SES) and ethnicity in the risk of incident metabolic syndrome in middle-aged women. Design and participants A total of 3302 pre- and peri-menopausal women, not receiving hormone therapy at baseline, took part in the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation, a multi-site, community-based, longitudinal study of the menopausal transition. The main outcome measures were to ascertain the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and the incidence of the metabolic syndrome over 5 years of follow-up. Results At baseline, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 21% (n = 673). Among 2512 women without metabolic syndrome at baseline, 12.8% (n = 321) developed the metabolic syndrome during 5 years of follow-up. Both ethnicity and SES were significant univariate predictors of incident metabolic syndrome. In multivariate logistic regression models that included age at baseline, menopausal status and site, baseline smoking and alcohol consumption at follow-up visit 1, as well as baseline values of each of the components of the metabolic syndrome, only education was an independent predictor of incident metabolic syndrome. Conclusion Approximately 13% of peri-menopausal women developed the metabolic syndrome during the 5-year follow-up period. Education, but not ethnicity, was an independent predictor of incident metabolic syndrome risk.

Scuteri, A.; Vuga, M.; Najjar, S. S.; Mehta, V.; Everson-Rose, S. A.; Sutton-Tyrrell, K.; Matthews, K.; Lakatta, E. G.

2008-01-01

79

School Careers of Pupils of Ethnic Minority Background after the Transition to Secondary Education: Is the Ethnic Factor Always Negative?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studied the school careers of Dutch students of ethnic minority background in the first 5 years following the transition to secondary education using a database of the Dutch Central Statistics Office with a sample of 19,524 students, 1,140 of whom were of minority background. Findings show few reasons to be negative about the school careers of…

Hustinx, Paul W. J.

2002-01-01

80

Education for an Aging Planet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As low income societies experience rapid aging of their populations, they face major challenges in developing educational policies to prepare their workforce for the future. We review modest efforts undertaken to assist colleagues in three societies: Mexico, China, and Jamaica. Graduate education in gerontology has an important opportunity to…

Ingman, Stan; Amin, Iftekhar; Clarke, Egerton; Brune, Kendall

2010-01-01

81

Aging Population and Education Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional wisdom suggests that aging of population will increase political pressure to tilt the composition of social spending in favour of the elderly, while potentially sacrificing other publicly provided goods such as education. This view seems to be supported by recent empirical findings that per child public education spending tends to be lower in US jurisdictions with higher fraction of

Mark Gradstein; Michael Kaganovich

2003-01-01

82

Truncal fat in relation to total body fat: influences of age, sex, ethnicity and fatness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To investigate the influence of age, sex, ethnicity and total fatness on central obesity in four ethnic populations.Design:Cross-sectional analysis of study subjects enrolled from 1993 to 2005.Subjects:A multi-ethnic (Caucasian (CA), African-American (AA), Hispanic-American (HA) and Asian (As)) convenience sample of 604 men and 1192 women (aged 18–96 years, body mass index 15.93–45.80 kg\\/m2).Measurements:Total body fat (TBF) and truncal fat were

C-H Wu; S Heshka; J Wang; R N Pierson; S B Heymsfield; B Laferrère; Z Wang; J B Albu; X Pi-Sunyer; D Gallagher

2007-01-01

83

Depression after spinal cord injury: Relation to gender, ethnicity, aging, and socioeconomic indicators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Krause JS, Kemp B, Coker J. Depression after spinal cord injury: relation to gender, ethnicity, aging, and socioeconomic indicators. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000;81:1099-1109. Objective: To investigate the relation among aging, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic indicators, and depressive symptoms after spinal cord injury (SCI). Design: Survey was done to collect cross-sectional data. A mediational model was used to analyze the interrelationships

James S. Krause; Bryan Kemp; Jennifer Coker

2000-01-01

84

Racial and ethnic differences in mammography use among U.S. women younger than age 40  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective Evidence-based recommendations for routine breast cancer screening suggest that women begin mammography at age 40, although\\u000a some women receive a mammogram before that age. Little is known about mammography use among younger women, especially with\\u000a respect to race and ethnicity. Methods We used data from the 2005 National Health Interview Survey to examine racial\\/ethnic differences in mammography use among

Julie M. Kapp; A. Blythe Ryerson; Steven S. Coughlin; Trevor D. Thompson

2009-01-01

85

Ethnocentrism and Ethnic-Based Peer Preferences in Higher Education Institutions: Challenges and Implications for Ethiopia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ethiopia, a country containing more than 80 ethnic groups, has remarkably expanded the higher education sector and established universities based on equitable regional distribution in the two past decades. This article discusses and analyzes attitudes and behaviors of university students from various ethnic groups toward their own and other…

Admasu Gebru, Demewoz

2012-01-01

86

The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Succession in Ethnic Minority Family Firms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact that entrepreneurship education can have on succession in ethnic minority family firms that operate in the highly competitive UK economy. Design/methodology/approach: The paper employs a complex conceptual model of ethnic minority graduates' economic activities and outlines the possible…

Hussain, Javed G.; Scott, Jonathan M.; Matlay, Harry

2010-01-01

87

Obstacles to Addressing Race and Ethnicity in the Mathematics Education Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Research Commentary builds on a 2-stage literature review to argue that there are 4 obstacles to making a sociopolitical turn in mathematics education that would allow researchers to talk about race and ethnicity in ways that take both identity and power seriously: (a) the marginalization of discussions of race and ethnicity; (b) the…

Parks, Amy Noelle; Schmeichel, Mardi

2012-01-01

88

Interactional Issues in the Teaching of "Race" and Ethnicity in UK Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper draws on research into the teaching of "race" and ethnicity in higher education, including interviews with lecturers and students of specialist sociology of "race" options. It focuses particularly on interactional issues: the conversations conducted about "race" and ethnicity within seminar rooms were often conflictual and emotional in…

Jacobs, Susie

2006-01-01

89

Preparation of nursesto meet the needs of an ethnically diverse society: educational implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recognizing the multiethniccomposition of contemporary society in the UK, this paper considers the implications for nurse education in respect of preparing practitioners who are capable of meeting the needs of an ethnically diverse population. It begins by considering briefly some contextual issues relating to the health needs of ethnic minorities and how they impact upon nursing practice. The literature

Kate Gerrish

1997-01-01

90

Ethnocentrism and Ethnic-Based Peer Preferences in Higher Education Institutions: Challenges and Implications for Ethiopia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethiopia, a country containing more than 80 ethnic groups, has remarkably expanded the higher education sector and established universities based on equitable regional distribution in the two past decades. This article discusses and analyzes attitudes and behaviors of university students from various ethnic groups toward their own and other…

Admasu Gebru, Demewoz

2012-01-01

91

Education of Ethnic Minority Children in Denmark: Monocultural Hegemony and Counter Positions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the dominant approach to education of ethnic minorities in Denmark. Using the concept of hegemony and the political-science distinction between monocultural and multicultural positions as approaches towards a situation of increasing linguistic, ethnic and cultural diversity, the paper shows how a monocultural approach has…

Horst, Christian; Gitz-Johansen, Thomas

2010-01-01

92

Conceptions of Learning and Approaches to Studying among White and Ethnic Minority Students in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The attainment of White students at UK institutions of higher education tends to be higher than that of students from other ethnic groups, but the causes of this are unclear. Aims: This study compared White students and students from other ethnic groups in their conceptions of learning, their approaches to studying, and their academic…

Richardson, John T. E.

2010-01-01

93

Education of Ethnic Minority Children in Denmark: Monocultural Hegemony and Counter Positions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the dominant approach to education of ethnic minorities in Denmark. Using the concept of hegemony and the political-science distinction between monocultural and multicultural positions as approaches towards a situation of increasing linguistic, ethnic and cultural diversity, the paper shows how a monocultural approach has…

Horst, Christian; Gitz-Johansen, Thomas

2010-01-01

94

Current State of Economic Returns from Education in China's Ethnic Regions and Explorations into Ways of Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Economic development and social progress in China's ethnic minority regions depend on improvements in population attributes brought about by education. Developing education in China's ethnic regions is a project of fundamental significance for realizing sustainable economic and social development in the ethnic regions. Improving the economic…

Lijun, Zhang; Fei, Wang

2010-01-01

95

Comments on “Gender, Ethnic, Age, and Relationship Differences in NonTraditional College Student Alcohol Consumption: A Tri-Ethnic Study”  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of these comments is to serve as a reaction to an article by Stephanie Babb, Cynthia Stewart, and Christine Bachman of the University of Houston-Downtown. The article is ambitiously titled “Gender, Ethnic, Age, and Relationship Differences in Non-Traditional College Students’ Alcohol Consumption: A Tri-Ethnic Study” and is published in this issue of the Journal of Ethnicity in Substance

Victor B. Stolberg

2012-01-01

96

Jewish–Palestinian Integrated Education in Israel and its Potential Influence on National and\\/or Ethnic Identities and Intergroup Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a second round of interviews conducted with students in an integrated bilingual (Arabic–Hebrew) Palestinian–Jewish school and with similar-age students in standard monolingual schools in Israel. Our research looks at the potential influence of integrated bilingual education on national and\\/or ethnic identities and perceptions of intergroup relations and conflict. The interviews demonstrate the children's perceptions of ethnic

Zvi Bekerman; Ayala Habib; Nader Shhadi

2011-01-01

97

Admissions to Higher Education: Are There Biases against or in Favour of Ethnic Minorities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors comment on Tariq Modood's "Ethnicity, Muslims and higher education in Britain," which asserted that higher education had been a major success story for non-White minorities and argued that, if encouraged, Islam could be an influence on young Muslim men and women to take up educational opportunities that would…

Gittoes, Mark; Thompson, John

2007-01-01

98

Ethnic Variation in Attitudes toward Hypertension in Adults Ages 75 and Older  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Although critical to the management of hypertension, the attitudes of geriatric patients and possible ethnic group differences in attitudes concerning the disease are poorly understood.Methods. Data from a 1995–1996 population-based survey of 507 Hispanic American, African American, and non-Hispanic white adults ages 75 and older were used to assess ethnic differences in perceptions regarding the cause, prevention, and treatment

Jorge A. Ontiveros; Sandra A. Black; Patricia L. Jakobi; James S. Goodwin

1999-01-01

99

Individual With Disabilities Education Act: Standards Needed to Improve Identification of Racial and Ethnic Overrepresentation in Special Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Concerned that certain racial and ethnic groups were overrepresented in special education, Congress in the 2004 reauthorization of IDEA required that school districts take certain actions to address this problem. Specifically, districts identified with 's...

2013-01-01

100

Age and Ethnic Differences in Cold Weather and Contagion Theories of Colds and Flu  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Age and ethnic group differences in cold weather and contagion or germ theories of infectious disease were explored in two studies. A cold weather theory was frequently invoked to explain colds and to a lesser extent flu but became less prominent with age as children gained command of a germ theory of disease. Explanations of how contact with…

Sigelman, Carol K.

2012-01-01

101

The Race\\/Ethnic Age Crossover Effect in Drug Use and Heavy Drinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing literature suggests that Blacks and to some extent Hispanics are less likely than Whites to use substances in their youth. However, by age 35 their use rates are higher than those of Whites. This has been referred to as the race\\/ethnic age crossover effect in substance use. However, more research is needed to clarify whether this is true for

Toni Terling Watt

2008-01-01

102

Age and Ethnic Differences in Cold Weather and Contagion Theories of Colds and Flu  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Age and ethnic group differences in cold weather and contagion or germ theories of infectious disease were explored in two studies. A cold weather theory was frequently invoked to explain colds and to a lesser extent flu but became less prominent with age as children gained command of a germ theory of disease. Explanations of how contact with…

Sigelman, Carol K.

2012-01-01

103

Ethnic Education Should Undertake the Major Historic Task of Ethnic Unity and the Possibility of and Explorations into the Localization of Diversified Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article argues that the choice of cultures by ethnic education was determined by a given form of elitist ideology and a power agency. After the conversion of China's society from a planned economy to a market economy, this elitist ideology and power agency has become diversified and includes the elitist ideology of statism. Empowerment has…

Minhui, Qian

2010-01-01

104

The Condition of Education 2009: Indicator 7--Racial/Ethnic Enrollment in Public Schools. NCES 2009-081  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"The Condition of Education" is a congressionally mandated report that provides an annual portrait of education in the United States. This document includes information from "The Condition of Education 2009" about public school racial/ethnic enrollment. The shifting racial and ethnic distribution of public school students enrolled in kindergarten…

Planty, Michael; Hussar, William; Snyder, Thomas; Kena, Grace; KewalRamani, Angelina; Kemp, Jana; Bianco, Kevin; Dinkes, Rachel

2009-01-01

105

The Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents as Related to Parent Education Level and Race\\/Ethnicity in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores associations between scores on the Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (RSCA), parent education level, and race\\/ethnicity in a normative sample of 450 children. Small but significant associations were found between parent education level and the RSCA Sense of Relatedness Scale score. Race\\/ethnicity did not contribute unique variance when parent education level was controlled.

Sandra Prince-Embury

2009-01-01

106

Old and new inequalities in educational attainmentEthnic minorities in the Belgian Census 1991—2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines ethnic and class inequalities in educational attainment using the 2001 Belgian Census. It analyses the highest qualifications that the 1973 to 1979 birth cohort obtained in 2001. Variation in attainment levels is explained as a function of gender, ethnic and class origins, and other characteristics of the parental household in 1991. Earlier findings of gross ethnic disadvantage,

Karen Phalet; Patrick Deboosere; Vicky Bastiaenssen

2007-01-01

107

Ethnic Relations and Bilingual Education: Accounting for Contradictory Data. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the contradictory data of research studies on bilingual education from the viewpoint that such data will make sense only if we consider bilingual education as the result of societal factors rather than as the cause of certain behaviors in children. Schermerhorn's theoretical framework for research on ethnic relations (with the…

Paulston, Christina Bratt

108

Equal Access of Ethnic Minority Students to Different Types of Higher Education Institutions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article we focus on answering the question "Is there equal access to different types of higher education institutions (HEIs) for ethnic minority (EM) students in Yunnan Province (China), and what explanation might be found for any differences?" In order to answer this question, we rely on the education attainment theory, and a sample of…

Zhang, Jianxin; Verhoeven, Jef C.

2012-01-01

109

Invasive Breast Cancer Incidence Trends by Detailed Race/Ethnicity and Age  

PubMed Central

Racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer incidence may contain important evidence for understanding and control of the disease. Monitoring the incidence trends of breast cancer by race/ethnicity allows identification of high risk groups and development of targeted prevention programs. Using population-based cancer registry data from the Los Angeles Cancer Surveillance Program, we examined the invasive female breast cancer incidence trends among the diverse racial/ethnic populations in Los Angeles County, California, from 1972 to 2007. Age-adjusted incidence rates (AAIR) and age-specific incidence rates (ASIR) were calculated and examined respectively for non-Hispanic (NH) white, black, Hispanic, Chinese, Filipina, Japanese, and Korean women by calendar year and time period. Rising trends of AAIR were found in all racial/ethnic groups during the 1980s and 1990s. The breast cancer risk increased more substantially in Japanese and Filipinas than in Chinese and Koreans. During 2000–2007, the trends of AAIR declined significantly among NH white women and slightly in blacks, remained unchanged for Hispanics, and continued to rise significantly among all Asian subgroups. The patterns of ASIR by race/ethnicity changed dramatically over time. By 2000–2007, younger Hispanic women had the lowest breast cancer risk, replacing the Chinese and Koreans who formerly had the lowest risk. Rapidly increasing breast cancer incidence trends among Asian-Americans underline the importance of behavioral and lifestyle changes as a result of acculturation on the development of the disease. The unique trends of breast cancer incidence by race/ethnicity suggest the need for targeted breast cancer control programs for different racial/ethnic populations.

Liu, Lihua; Zhang, Juanjuan; Wu, Anna H.; Pike, Malcolm C.; Deapen, Dennis

2011-01-01

110

Ethnicity and Educational Performance in the United Kingdom: Racism, Ethnicity, and Variability in Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines recent research on the variability of educational performance in the United Kingdom, discussing differences in educational attainment. Some of the social processes behind the statistics are explored, and the possibilities for improvement at the school level are considered in the context of national educational reforms that prioritize…

Gillborn, David

1997-01-01

111

Children's Attitudes toward Singing and Song Recordings Related to Gender, Ethnicity, and Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines students' attitudes toward singing and choir participation related to gender, age, and ethnic background. It also looks at attitudes toward recordings from basal music series that are designed to provide an appropriate model and to encourage singing. Participants (N = 249) were third to fifth graders enrolled in two public…

Siebenaler, Dennis

2008-01-01

112

Barriers to participation in mental health research: are there specific gender, ethnicity and age related barriers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: It is well established that the incidence, prevalence and presentation of mental disorders differ by gender, ethnicity and age, and there is evidence that there is also differential representation in mental health research by these characteristics. The aim of this paper is to a) review the current literature on the nature of barriers to participation in mental health research,

Anna Woodall; Craig Morgan; Claire Sloan; Louise Howard

2010-01-01

113

Success and Persistence of Developmental Mathematics Students Based on Age and Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ex post facto study examined the fall-to-fall persistence and academic success of students in a medium-sized Virginia community college. The variables of age and ethnicity in combination with whether a student's first mathematics course was developmental were used to examine the effects of each. It was found that neither the interaction of…

Wolfle, James D.

2012-01-01

114

Cultural Orientation in Asian American Adolescents: Variation by Age and Ethnic Density  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study assessed variation in cultural orientation among Asian American adolescents by age and ethnic density in the community. A total of 128 students at a public high school in Oakland, California, participated in the study. Of these early and middle adolescents, 86 were Chinese American and 42 were Southeast Asian American. They completed the…

Ying, Yu-Wen; Han, Meekyung; Wong, Sandra L.

2008-01-01

115

Who Cohabits in 2001?The Significance of Age, Gender, Religion and Ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we report on the growth in rates of cohabiting as opposed to marriage occurring in Australia over the last decade. We examine the relationship between cohabiting and the key demographic and social factors of age, gender, religion and ethnicity. The main data sources are the findings of the 1996 and 2001 Censuses. It is argued that the

Ken Dempsey; David de Vaus

2004-01-01

116

Differences in education and earnings across ethnic groups in Guatemala  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most of the research on ethnicity in Central America looks at two groups: indigenous and nonindigenous populations. While indigenous people are disadvantaged relative to the nonindigenous group, the many groups that make up the indigenous population are often times not very similar in terms of personal and group characteristics. But the differences within these groups are important for public policy.

Harry Anthony Patrinos

1997-01-01

117

Higher Education Access and Equality among Ethnic Minorities in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Market reform, financial decentralization, and economic globalization in recent years have greatly accentuated China's social and regional inequalities. These inequalities stem from many factors, including the rise of an urban middle class, a change in the status of women, a resurgence of ethnic identities, an increase in rural-to-urban…

Zhu, Zhiyong

2010-01-01

118

Ethnicity, Education, and the Temporal Stability of Personality Traits In the East Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study  

PubMed Central

We examined the influence of age, gender, Black vs. White ethnicity, and education on five indices of personality stability and change across an average interval of 8 years in the East Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area study. In the full sample (n = 505, aged 30-88), examination of structural, rank-order, ipsative, and mean level stability, as well as indices of reliable change suggested that NEO-PI-R personality traits showed moderate to high levels of stability over time. There were few age and gender effects on temporal stability but rank-order, ipsative, and mean level stability were lower among Blacks and individuals with lower education. Future research should explore additional demographic predictors of temporal plasticity in a diverse range of samples, and employ observer ratings to assess personality.

Lockenhoff, Corinna E.; Terracciano, Antonio; Bienvenu, O. Joseph; Patriciu, Nicholas S.; Nestadt, Gerald; McCrae, Robert R.; Eaton, William W.; Costa, Paul T.

2008-01-01

119

The Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents as Related to Parent Education Level and Race/Ethnicity in Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores associations between scores on the Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (RSCA), parent education level, and race/ethnicity in a normative sample of 450 children. Small but significant associations were found between parent education level and the RSCA Sense of Relatedness Scale score. Race/ethnicity did not…

Prince-Embury, Sandra

2009-01-01

120

Racial/Ethnic Socialization and Parental Involvement in Education as Predictors of Cognitive Ability and Achievement in African American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Racial/ethnic socialization has not been studied in the context of other parenting behaviors such as parental involvement in education and its relationship to children's cognitive outcomes. The present study tested the impact of racial/ethnic socialization and parental involvement in education on cognitive ability and achievement in a sample of…

Banerjee, Meeta; Harrell, Zaje A. T.; Johnson, Deborah J.

2011-01-01

121

Educating Ethnic Minority Children: The Case of Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canada’s increasing ethnic, racial, linguistic, and religious diversity paved the way for a national multiculturalism policy.\\u000a Officially declared in 1971, the policy acknowledged cultural pluralism as fundamental to Canadian identity. Given Canada’s\\u000a multicultural policy, the country’s institutions, including schools, are expected to adapt to meet the needs of the changing\\u000a population. There has been increased pressure on schools to create

Jazira Asanova

122

Teaching about Multi-Ethnic Education in the Elementary School: A Pluralistic Approach. First Draft, Experimental Version. Ethnic Heritage Series, Volume 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents background information and activities for use by elementary school classroom teachers as they develop and implement programs on multiethnic education. Multiethnic education is interpreted as the inclusion in the curriculum of study about the heritage and contributions of the culture and ethnic groups that comprise American…

King, Edith

123

Ethnic and gender differences in educational achievement and implications for school improvement strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A vital element in school improvement is raising the levels of achievement of under-performing groups of pupils in schools. This short report examines the extent and reasons for underachievement throughout the key stage 1 and 2 and GCSE school years in inner city local education authorities. Statistical trends and patterns of performance are analysed, by gender and ethnic factors, to

Feyisa Demie

2001-01-01

124

Early Childhood Care and Education: Effects on Ethnic and Racial Gaps in School Readiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The authors examine black, white, and Hispanic children's differing experiences in early child- hood care and education and explore links between these experiences and racial and ethnic gaps in school readiness. Children who attend center care or preschool programs enter school more ready to learn, but both the share of children enrolled in these programs and the quality of

Katherine A. Magnuson; Jane Waldfogel

2005-01-01

125

Exploring the Educational Benefits of Attending an Ethnically Diverse Magnet High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to gather teacher and student perceptions of the educational benefits that emerge from providing diverse learning environments for students attending an inter-district magnet school. Research Questions were (1) In what ways do teachers and students report that the magnet school offers an ethnically diverse learning…

Carey, Jill

2010-01-01

126

Racial/Ethnic Group Differences in the Realization of Educational Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines racial/ethnic group differences in two- and four-year college enrollment rates of bachelor's degree aspirants, controlled for differences in expected costs and benefits, financial resources, academic characteristics, and social and cultural capital. The sample (n=7,832) is drawn from the National Educational Longitudinal Study…

Perna, Laura Walter

127

Culture-Blind? Parental Discourse on Religion, Ethnicity and Secularism in the French Educational Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines policy mediation and adaptation in a context where religious, ethnic and other cultural identities are not officially recognised in the public sphere but considered part of the private sphere. French educational policy is firmly rooted within a secular Republican framework which relies on a colour-blind approach to promote…

Raveaud, Maroussia

2008-01-01

128

Parents' Education and their Encouragement of Successful Secondary School Students from Ethnic Minorities in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study focuses on the education of parents and their encouragement of the school career of academically successful 17-year-old adolescents of Turkish and Moroccan background in the Netherlands. The participants of the study were 106 successful and less successful adolescents of Turkish, Moroccan and Dutch background. The successful ethnic minority parents were expected to be better able to stimulate

Ineke van der Veen

2003-01-01

129

The Participation of Ethnic Minority Pupils in Further and Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether our main concern is with the principle of equality of opportunity or with maximizing national reserves of talent, the participation of ethnic minority children in further and higher education is a matter of some importance. This paper reports the findings of a preliminary enquiry into the nature and extent of such participation among all the fifth? and sixth?form pupils

Maurice Craft; Alma Craft

1983-01-01

130

Ethnic Environment during Childhood and the Educational Attainment of Immigrant Children in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We ask whether ethnic residential segregation influences the future educational careers of children of immigrants in Sweden. We use a dataset comprising a cohort of children who finished compulsory school in 1995 (n = 6,560). We follow these children retrospectively to 1990 to measure neighborhood characteristics during late childhood, and…

Bygren, Magnus; Szulkin, Ryszard

2010-01-01

131

Special Issue: Racial and Ethnic Minority Students' Success in STEM Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph provides educational researchers, policymakers, and practitioners with an overview of existing knowledge regarding factors that influence success among racial and ethnic minority students in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) circuit. To accomplish this task, the authors reviewed more than four hundred…

Museus, Samuel D.; Palmer, Robert T.; Davis, Ryan J.; Maramba, Dina C.

2011-01-01

132

Access to Higher Education of 25 Ethnic Minorities in Yunnan Province, South Western China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The level of development of higher education (HE) is an important indicator to measure the development of the social economy and the civilization of a region or country. In this article, we compare the distribution of the freshmen of ethnic minorities (EMs) with the distribution of EMs over the population, based on a sample of 1 464 freshmen from…

Zhang, Jianxin; Verhoeven, Jef C.

2010-01-01

133

Crossing Ethnic Barriers in the Southwest: Women's Agricultural Extension Education, 1914-1940. Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From its inception in 1914 until 1940, the New Mexico Agricultural Extension Service was quite successful in delivering educational programs to non-English speaking, Hispanic women in Santa Fe County and almost totally unsuccessful in Dona Ana County. Criteria for success were involvement of ethnic women in the program, ability to adapt national…

Jensen, Joan M.

134

Shared Agency with Parents for Educational Goals: Ethnic Differences and Implications for College Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study proposed and confirmed three ways in which college students can perceive "shared" agency and two ways in which they can perceive "non-shared" agency with parents when pursuing educational goals in college. Differences and similarities were examined among participants from four ethnic backgrounds (N = 515; 67% female): East Asian…

Chang, Esther S.; Heckhausen, Jutta; Greenberger, Ellen; Chen, Chuansheng

2010-01-01

135

Language and Ethnicity: Multiple Literacies in Context, Language Education in Guatemala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study focuses on the research literature available in the United States on the evolution of language policy and planning issues involved in bilingual education programs in Mayan communities in Guatemala. I begin with general comments regarding language policy and planning for bilingual programs for ethnic groups within the borders of…

Helmberger, Janet L.

2006-01-01

136

Rates of Nonexudative and Exudative Age-Related Macular Degeneration among Asian American Ethnic Groups  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To determine whether the risk for nonexudative and exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) varies for Americans of different Asian ethnicities. Methods. Claims data from a large national United States managed care network were reviewed to identify Asian Americans age 40 and older who had ?1 eye care visits from 2001 to 2007. International Classification of Disease (ICD-9CM) billing codes were used to identify enrollees with nonexudative and exudative AMD. Incidence and prevalence rates were calculated for nonexudative and exudative AMD and were stratified by Asian ethnicity. Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the relative risk for developing nonexudative and exudative AMD for persons of different Asian ethnicities, with adjustment for sociodemographic factors and ocular and medical conditions. Results. Of the 44,103 Asian Americans who met the inclusion criteria, 2221 (5.04%) had nonexudative AMD and 217 (0.49%) had exudative AMD. Chinese Americans (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50–1.77) and Pakistani Americans (HR, 1.97, 95% CI, 1.40–2.77) had a significantly increased risk for nonexudative AMD compared with non-Hispanic white Americans. By contrast, Japanese Americans had a 29% decreased risk for nonexudative AMD compared with non-Hispanic white Americans (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.59–0.85). There were no significant differences in risk for exudative AMD for any of the Asian ethnicities compared with white Americans. Conclusions. Asian Americans are the second fastest growing racial group in the United States. Eye care providers must be aware of the overall disease burden of AMD within this group and appreciate how disease rates can vary substantially among different Asian ethnicities.

VanderBeek, Brian L.; Talwar, Nidhi; Nan, Bin; Musch, David C.; Zacks, David N.

2011-01-01

137

[The population structure of rural settlements of Sakha Republic (Yakutia): ethnic, sex, and age composition and vital statistics].  

PubMed

The genetic demographic structure of 12 rural populations from eight uluses of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) has been analyzed. The ethnic, sex, and age composition of the population and the reproductive parameters of women that have completed and have not completed the reproductive period are reported. Crow's indices have been estimated in representatives of three indigenous ethnic groups (Yakuts, Evens, and Evenks). PMID:17326393

Kucher, A N; Danilova, A L; Koneva, L A; Nogovitsyna, A N

2006-12-01

138

Ethnicity, Politics, and State Resource Allocation: Explaining Educational Inequalities in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite international and national level recognition of the importance of education for all, both for development purposes\\u000a and as a basic human right, its achievement still remains a huge challenge. Persistent inequalities of gender, class, ethnic,\\u000a and regional context are evident in education systems worldwide, whether at the stage of enrolment and attendance, in outcomes\\u000a and achievement, or in terms

Alwiya Alwy; Susanne Schech

139

Stigmatized Students: Age, Sex, and Ethnicity Effects in the Stigmatization of Obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the stigmatization of obesity relative to the stigmatization of various disabilities among young men and women. Attitudes across ethnic groups were compared. In addition, these findings were compared with data showing severe stigmatization of obesity among children.Research Methods and Procedures: Participants included 356 university students (56% women; mean age, 20.6 years; mean BMI, 23.3 kg\\/m2; range, 14.4

Janet D. Latner; Albert J. Stunkard; G. Terence Wilson

2005-01-01

140

[Population demographic structure of the city of Ulan Ude: ethnic composition and age at marriage].  

PubMed

The marriage structure of the population ofUlan Ude, the capital of Buryat Republic, which is characterized by a mixed ethnic composition, has been studied. Differences between Ulan Ude districts in a number of genetic demographic parameters have been found. In ethnic terms, the city district populations differ from one another in the number of ethnic groups and the proportions of the largest groups (Russians and Buryats). In the total Ulan Ude population, the proportions of Russian men and women among persons contracting marriages are 71.44 and 73.79%, respectively; those of Buryat men and women are 23.36 and 22.79%, respectively. The total proportion of all other ethnic groups among both men and women contracting marriages is no more than 5.2%. The mean ages at first marriage in both indigenous and immigrant populations of Ulan Ude are relatively old; these values are 25.9 and 24.72 years for Buryat men and women and 24.86 and 22.69 for nonindigenous men and women, respectively. PMID:20297659

Eremina, E R; Kucher, A N

2010-02-01

141

Peace education in northeast India: NESNIM as a model of peace education in multi-ethnic settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human societies in the post modern world are increasingly becoming multi-ethnic and multi-religious. With such pluralism, there arise misunderstandings and conflicts. In this context of unrest and chaos, peace education is a concern of every person and organization interested in the future of humanity. Programs and policies have been developed by curriculum developers to attend to this important dimension of

Emmanuel Babu Joseph Kallarackal

2007-01-01

142

‘Just open your eyes a bit more’: the methodological challenges of researching black and minority ethnic students' experiences of physical education teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we discuss some of the challenges of centralising ‘race’ and ethnicity in Physical Education (PE) research, through reflecting on the design and implementation of a study exploring Black and minority ethnic students' experiences of their teacher education. Our aim in the paper is to contribute to ongoing theoretical and methodological debates about intersectionality, and specifically about difference

Anne Flintoff; Louisa Webb

2011-01-01

143

Educational Opportunities. Tackling Ethnic, Class and Gender Inequality through Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection presents a cross section of research into the theme of equal opportunities in education in the Netherlands. The majority of articles are on the Dutch situation, which resembles that of other countries in many respects. Contributions include: (1) "Educational Inequality Research in the Netherlands. Conditions, Constraints and…

Driessen, Geert, Ed.; Jungbluth, Paul, Ed.

144

Shaping Our World: The Role of Ethnic Identity in the Education of African Immigrants in Southern Maine  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, I explore the educational experiences of Black African immigrant youth living in Maine, and how this experience shapes students’ identities, educational ambitions, and potential upward mobility in their new world. While focusing on the factors hindering immigrant Black youth’s education, I also examine how ethnic identity plays a key role in the educational success and well-being of

Genet Gebrewahd

2008-01-01

145

Adolescent Self-Esteem: Differences by Race/Ethnicity, Gender, and Age  

PubMed Central

Large-scale representative surveys of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students in the United States show high self-esteem scores for all groups. African-American students score highest, Whites score slightly higher than Hispanics, and Asian Americans score lowest. Males score slightly higher than females. Multivariate controls for grades and college plans actually heighten these race/ethnic/gender differences. A truncated scoring method, designed to counter race/ethnic differences in extreme response style, reduced but did not eliminate the subgroup differences. Age differences in self-esteem are modest, with 12th graders reporting the highest scores. The findings are highly consistent across 18 annual surveys from 1991 through 2008, and self-esteem scores show little overall change during that period.

Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Freedman-Doan, Peter; Trzesniewski, Kali H.; Donnellan, M. Brent

2012-01-01

146

Illegitimate participation? A group of young minority ethnic children’s experiences of early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to explore how a group of children, the majority of whom were of minority ethnic heritage, experienced starting nursery school in a setting where the majority of staff were of white indigenous heritage. The nursery is in a small town in the north?west of England, and the children were aged three and four. Observations were carried out

Ian Barron

2009-01-01

147

Illegitimate Participation? A Group of Young Minority Ethnic Children's Experiences of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to explore how a group of children, the majority of whom were of minority ethnic heritage, experienced starting nursery school in a setting where the majority of staff were of white indigenous heritage. The nursery is in a small town in the north-west of England, and the children were aged three and four. Observations were carried…

Barron, Ian

2009-01-01

148

The Culture Care Meaning of Comfort for Ethnically Diverse Pre-Licensure Baccalaureate Nursing Students in the Educational Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The nursing profession is calling for enhanced diversity within the ranks of registered nurses to meet the health care needs of an increasingly diverse society. Nursing education is faced with the challenge of retaining ethnically diverse nursing students. Students who are ethnically diverse face unique challenges in addition to the universal…

Zajac, Lynne K.

2010-01-01

149

A Question of Reflexivity in a Qualitative Study of South Asians in Education: Power, Knowledge and Shared Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a qualitative study of South Asians in education, methodological issues pertaining to the social interactions between the same-ethnicity researcher and researched are analysed and interpreted. Based on in-depth interviews with 89 South Asian school pupils and 25 South Asian parents, it was found that political ideology and shared ethnicity were…

Abbas, Tahir

2006-01-01

150

Ethnic differences in the impact of advanced maternal age on birth prevalence of Down syndrome.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study explored whether ethnic differences in the impact of advanced maternal age on the risk of Down syndrome might reflect differences in use of prenatal diagnostic technologies. METHODS: Maternal age-specific odds of Down syndrome and amniocentesis use were compared among African Americans, Mexican Americans, and non-Hispanic Whites via birth data for the years 1989 to 1991. RESULTS: The odds ratio and population attributable risk of Down syndrome due to maternal age of 35 years or older were highest for Mexican Americans, intermediate for African Americans, and lowest for non-Hispanic Whites. CONCLUSIONS: Advanced maternal age has a greater impact on the risk of Down syndrome for African American and, particularly, Mexican American women than for non-Hispanic White women. This difference in impact might reflect lower availability or use of prenatal diagnostic technologies.

Khoshnood, B; Pryde, P; Wall, S; Singh, J; Mittendorf, R; Lee, K S

2000-01-01

151

Physical model reproduction from ct scans classified according to gender, ethnicity, and age - biomed 2009.  

PubMed

Eye trauma is an increasing problem, especially in the military, due to blunt force trauma. One way to mitigate eye injury is to wear protective eye equipment. An essential part of creating protective eye equipment is prototype testing in controlled eye trauma simulations. In addition, the protective equipment must fit properly and thus incorporate variance, specifically among gender, ethnicity, and age. It is beneficial to create standard orbits classified according to the aforementioned categories of gender, ethnicity, and age. Using head CT scans from grossly normal subjects, segmentation of the ocular orbit was performed. This segmented mask was then imported into a three dimensional printing software. Orbits from different sizes, ages, genders, and races were created and printed using a ZCorp printer. A mold negative was then created from the 3D printed orbits using InstaMold. After the mold was cured and removed from the printed orbit, reproductions of the eye orbit were created from this negative. These methods will be used in the future to make molds for many different ages, genders, and races in order to create accurate models of the eye orbit. These can then be used to develop impact tests by incorporating eye samples into these sockets of uniform shape. These methods for creating surrogate eye sockets will reduce the need for cadaver eye sockets and will increase the number of tests that can be performed. By creating accurate models, more accurate representations of eye trauma and its prevention can be investigated. PMID:19369791

Taylor, Lindsey A; Danelson, Kerry A; Gayzik, F Scott; Loftis, Kathryn L; Stitzel, Joel D

2009-01-01

152

Jewish Ethnic Needs in Multicultural Social Work Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

CSWE established a variety of standards regarding minority populations and diversity (CSWE, 1992). Some minority groups, although covered by CSWE standards, in practice are not dealt with in social work education. One in particular, Jewish students, is recommended for attention. This article focuses on what students of all backgrounds need for working effectively with Jewish clients, coverage of Jewish topics

Ram A. Cnaan; Toni Goodfriend; Edward Newman

1996-01-01

153

Sex education for pupils from Asian ethnic minority groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

MANY children in British schools come from Islamic, Hindu or Sikh backgrounds, which calls for a differ ent approach to education about sex and contracep tion. The Eastern tradition of arranged marriages, forbidden pre-marital sex and the desire for children (particularly sons) soon after marriage, have the greatest influence over women's choice of contra ceptive. Sex is not openly discussed

Anne Bunting

1984-01-01

154

Ethnicity, Communal Relations, and Education in Sri Lanka (Ceylon).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author provides a brief cultural history of Sri Lanka (Ceylon), giving particular attention to the relations between the Sinhalese majority and the Tamil minority and the effects that differing religions, languages, cultures, and educational opportunities have had on that relationship. (IRT)|

Sharma, C. L.

155

Exploring the Relationship Between Race\\/Ethnicity, Age of First School-Based Services Utilization, and Age of First Specialty Mental Health Care for At-Risk Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated race\\/ethnic variations in age of entry into school-based services and specialty mental health outpatient services among 1552 high-risk youths served in a publicly funded system of care. Non-Hispanic White youths were more likely to receive school-based services as compared to ethnic minority groups, and to begin use at an earlier age. In addition, the earlier a child

Patricia A. Wood; May Yeh; David Pan; Katina M. Lambros; Kristen M. McCabe; Richard L. Hough

2005-01-01

156

Ethnic Minority Pupils in Swedish Schools: Some Trends in Over-Representation of Minority Pupils in Special Educational Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The way categories, labels, and taxonomies are used depends upon national ideologies and nationally specific conceptions of citizenship and normality. Ethnicity, differences, disability and deviance are social constructions. Underachievement or overachievement in social (cognitive) performance or overrepresentation in special educational

Berhanu, Girma

2008-01-01

157

Education to Promote Positive Attitudes About Aging  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study examined what a one-time intervention about aging does to the attitudes of high-school students toward aging. Early findings from the study support previous research that indicates ageist attitudes formed in early childhood become difficult to change as children reach adolescence. This research further supports the need for aging education to begin in early childhood.

Diane Austrin Klein; Kathy J. Council; Sandra L. McGuire

2005-01-01

158

Ethnic differences in age-related changes of postpartum hemoglobin levels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  Postpartum hemoglobin (Hb) levels may impact maternal and breast-fed newborn well being and health. Yet, the sources of variation\\u000a in maternal postpartum Hb levels are poorly understood. We set to investigate whether age has an effect on postpartum Hb levels,\\u000a and if this effect is similar in different ethnic groups.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Study design  The birth records of over 200,000 births in a

Eitan Rubin; Michal Gordon; Ruslan Sergienko; Micha Ragolsky; Eitan Lunenfeld; Eyal Sheiner

2011-01-01

159

Avoidance ratings and fears of Chinese adults by age, ethnic group, sex, and residency.  

PubMed

Few studies among the Chinese population concerning avoidance out of fear have been reported. Existing studies are limited to school and collegiate samples while overlooking ethnic minorities, of which China has more than 50. In this study, a general population sample in China indicated the level at which they would avoid certain situations. The data were analyzed relative to age, ethnicity, sex, and the amount of time living in urban or rural areas. Three samples (urban Han, n=144; rural Han, n=144; Urban Hui, n=72) were selected using stratified quota sampling. Respondents identified that they avoided social situations the most and agoraphobic situations the least. Overall, women expressed significantly greater fear. This sex difference was less marked in the urban sample where the Chinese tradition of male dominance has been diluted due to urbanization and modernization. There were few age-related differences, although some fears among the elderly were explained by age-related vulnerabilities and folklore. The Hui minority group had significantly lower overall scores than the Han group; this was attributed to the role of their Islamic beliefs. PMID:18982933

Davey, Gareth

2008-08-01

160

Correcting for ethnicity when defining large for gestational age infants in diabetic pregnancies.  

PubMed

The large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infant, defined as > 90th birthweight percentile, is associated with mild disturbances of maternal glucose tolerance. In the UK the same birthweight percentile charts are used for all ethnic groups when assessing LGA infants. The influence of maternal hyperglycaemia on LGA infants of Asian (Indian Subcontinent) mothers in the UK is likely to be under-reported, as Asian birthweights tend to be lower than White/Europid birthweights. We assessed the number of LGA infants born consecutively to 21 Asian and 26 White/Europid mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), delivered between 37 and 42 weeks gestation, and also in 34 Asian and 121 White/Europid mothers with a positive screening test for GDM but a normal 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Large-for-gestational-age infants were identified using both the standard UK percentile charts of the Medical Research Council and percentile charts constructed from 30,418 Asian and 162,477 White/Europid singleton births, delivered between 37 and 42 weeks gestation to non-diabetic mothers delivered in the North West Thames Region of England. The standard Medical Research Council percentile charts, compared with the ethnically derived charts, identified fewer LGA Asian (7/56 vs 15/56) but more White/Europid infants (33/147 vs 21/147). When correcting for ethnicity more Asian than White/Europid GDM mothers delivered LGA infants (9/21 vs 3/26, chi 2 = 4.76, p < 0.05). The maternal 2 h OGTT plasma glucose was a significant independent contributor to birthweight in the Asian (r2 = 0.319, p < 0.0005) but not the White/Europid infants, in whom gestational age and maternal height were significant independent contributors to birthweight (r2 = 0.158, p < 0.0001). We conclude that ethnic influences are important when defining LGA infants and that mild disturbances of maternal glycaemia have a greater influence on the birthweight of Asian than White/Europid infants. PMID:8689842

Dornhorst, A; Nicholls, J S; Welch, A; Ali, K; Chan, S P; Beard, R W

1996-03-01

161

The population structure of rural settlements of Sakha Republic (Yakutia): Ethnic, sex, and age composition and vital statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The genetic demographic structure of 12 rural populations from eight uluses of Sakha Republic (Yakutia) has been analyzed.\\u000a The ethnic, sex, and age composition of the population and the reproductive parameters of women that have completed and have\\u000a not completed the reproductive period are reported. Crow’s indices have been estimated in representatives of three indigenous\\u000a ethnic groups (Yakuts, Evens, and

A. N. Kucher; A. L. Danilova; L. A. Koneva; A. N. Nogovitsina

2006-01-01

162

Educational Communication in a Revolutionary Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a tribute to Dr. Edgar Dale on his retirement from Ohio State University, the papers in this book refer to "the failures of education,""the impotence of the school,""the need for sweeping change," the existence of a "systems break," and "incipient civil war," all of which are products of an age of revolution which continues today. Educational

Tyler, I. Keith, Comp.; Williams, Catharine M., Comp.

163

Swimming Pool Drownings Among US Residents Aged 5-24 Years: Understanding Racial/Ethnic Disparities  

PubMed Central

Objective. We examined circumstances surrounding swimming pool drownings among US residents aged 5 to 24 years to understand why Black males and other racial/ethnic groups have high drowning rates. Methods. We obtained data about drowning deaths in the United States (1995–1998) from death certificates, medical examiner reports, and newspaper clippings collected by the US Consumer Product Safety Commission. Results. During the study period, 678 US residents aged 5 to 24 years drowned in pools. Seventy-five percent were male, 47% were Black, 33% were White, and 12% were Hispanic. Drowning rates were highest among Black males, and this increased risk persisted after we controlled for income. The majority of Black victims (51%) drowned in public pools, the majority of White victims (55%) drowned in residential pools, and the majority of Hispanic victims (35%) drowned in neighborhood pools (e.g., an apartment complex pool). Foreign-born males also had an increased risk for drowning compared with American-born males. Conclusions. Targeted interventions are needed to reduce the incidence of swimming pool drownings across racial/ethnic groups, particularly adult supervision at public pools.

Saluja, Gitanjali; Brenner, Ruth A.; Trumble, Ann C.; Smith, Gordon S.; Schroeder, Tom; Cox, Christopher

2006-01-01

164

Trends in Educational Attainment by Race/Ethnicity, Nativity, and Sex in the United States, 1989-2005  

PubMed Central

Despite the importance of education for shaping individuals’ life chances, little research has examined trends and differences in educational attainment for detailed demographic subpopulations in the United States. We use labor market segmentation and cohort replacement theories, linear regression methods, and data from the National Health Interview Survey to understand educational attainment by race/ethnicity, nativity, birth cohort, and sex between 1989 and 2005 in the United States. There have been significant changes in educational attainment over time. In support of the cohort replacement theory, we find that across cohorts, females have enjoyed greater gains in education than men, and for some race/ethnic groups, recent cohorts of women average more years of education than comparable men. And in support of labor market segmentation theories, foreign-born Mexican Americans continue to possess relatively low levels of educational attainment. Our results can aid policymakers in identifying vulnerable populations, and form the base from which to better understand changing disparities in education.

EVERETT, BETHANY G.; ROGERS, RICHARD G.; HUMMER, ROBERT A.; KRUEGER, PATRICK M.

2012-01-01

165

Planning for Diversity: Education in Multi-Ethnic and Multicultural Societies. International Institute for Educational Planning Policy Forum (17th, Paris, France, June 19-20, 2003)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In June 2003, the International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP) organized its annual Policy Forum to discuss the impact of increasingly multi-ethnic and multicultural societies on education in general and the implications for educational planning in particular. The proceedings of this Policy Forum are presented in this volume. Part I,…

Hernes, Gudmund

2004-01-01

166

Differential association of socioeconomic status in ethnic and age defined suicides  

PubMed Central

Suicide rates vary among racial- and age-defined groups, yet little is known about how suicide risk factors differentially impact individual groups. This study assessed differential associations of socioeconomic status among age- and race-defined groups of suicide victims. A database containing demographic information on declared suicides in Fulton County, GA from 01/01/1988 through 12/31/2003 was combined with annual per capita income by zip code in Atlanta, GA. Analyses were performed to evaluate differential associations of socioeconomic status among age- and race-defined groups of suicide victims. Compared to the respective ethnic populations of Fulton County, white suicide victims lived in areas with lower per capita income ($51,232 v. $35,893); African American suicide victims did not ($17,384 v. $18,179). Elderly suicide victims (?65 years) were more likely to live in the lowest per capita income areas compared to other age groups (OR 1.80, 95% C.I. 1.14, 2.84). Cox proportional hazards models showed increasing income increased the instantaneous risk of suicide among adolescents (HR 2.76; 95% C.I. 2.15, 3.53), particularly African American adolescents (HR 4.22; 95% C.I. 2.19, 8.11), and decreased risk among the elderly (HR 0.58; 95% C.I. 0.50, 0.68). Socioeconomic status has differential associations among age- and race-defined groups of suicide victims.

Heninger, Michael; Hanzlick, Randy; Garlow, Steven J.

2009-01-01

167

Effects of age, ethnicity and health behaviours on the prevalence of adverse birth outcomes in Taiwan.  

PubMed

This study sampled 8432 singleton first live births from Taiwan's 2005 Birth Registration Database to determine if there were more pre-term or low birth weight deliveries among aboriginal women than there were among Han Chinese women, and if the 'weathering' hypothesis applied to aboriginal women in Taiwan. Although the aboriginal women were socially disadvantaged and engaged in more unhealthy behaviours, including smoking, drinking, chewing betel quid and exposure to second-hand smoke, the evidence did not support the hypothesis that these teenaged minority women would have better birth outcomes, as has been demonstrated among teenage African-American women in the United States. Behaviours and not ethnicity were risk factors for teenage aboriginal mothers, who started deleterious health behaviours earlier than did their older counterparts. Teenage mothers had more adverse outcomes regardless of ethnicity and aboriginal mothers had more risky behaviours in all age groups. The prevalence of detrimental health behaviour among teenage mothers in Taiwan is of concern, particularly for aboriginal teenage mothers. PMID:22673371

Wang, Shu-Chuan; Lee, Meng-Chih; Lee, Mung-Chih

2012-06-07

168

Racial\\/Ethnic Disparities In Nursing Gaps in educational attainment account for much of nursing's lack of diversity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The racial and ethnic composition of the registered nurse (RN) workforce in California is not at parity with the composition of the population. We find that the underrepresentation of African Americans in nursing in Califor- nia appears to be due to lower overall educational attainment among African Americans. Underrepresentation of Latinos is due to lower overall educational attainment and, to

Janet M. Coffman; Emily Rosenoff; Kevin Grumbach

169

Dynamics of Acculturation, Enculturation, and Ethnic Identity: Influence of Psychocultural Constructs on Conscientiousness and Expectations of Higher Education among Latinos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the influence of psychocultural variables (e.g., acculturation, enculturation, ethnic identity) and personality characteristics in relation to educational expectations among 345 Latino middle school students in the U.S. Results from a path model indicate that 24.4% of the variance of educational expectations was accounted…

Cano, Miguel Angel; Castillo, Linda G.; Davis, Matthew J.; Lopez-Arenas, Araceli; Vaquero, Juana; Thompson, Keisha V.; Saldivar, Isaac M.

2012-01-01

170

Supplement use contributes to meeting recommended dietary intakes for calcium, magnesium and vitamin C in four ethnicities of middle-aged and older Americans: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis  

PubMed Central

Background Low intake of nutrients is associated with poor health outcomes. Therefore, we examined the contribution of dietary supplementation to meeting recommended dietary intakes of calcium, magnesium, potassium and vitamin C in participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), a cohort of Caucasian, African-American, Hispanic and Chinese participants ages 45-84 years. We also assessed the prevalence of intakes above Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs). Methods At the baseline exam in 2000-01, 2,938 men and 3,299 women completed food-frequency questionnaires and provided information about dietary supplementation. We used relative risk regression to estimate the probability of meeting RDAs or AIs in supplement-users vs. non-users and Fisher's exact tests to compare the proportion of those exceeding ULs between the two groups. RDAs, AIs, and ULs were defined by the National Academy of Sciences Food and Nutrition Board's Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). Results After adjustment for age and education, the relative risk (RR) of meeting RDAs or AIs in supplement-users vs. nonusers ranged from 1.9 (1.6, 2.3) in Caucasian men to 5.7 (4.1, 8.0) in African American women for calcium, from 2.5 (1.9, 3.3) in Hispanic men to 5.2 (2.4, 11.2) in Chinese men for magnesium, and from 1.4 (1.3, 1.5) in African American women to 2.0 (1.7, 2.2) in Chinese men for vitamin C. The RRs for meeting RDAs for calcium differed significantly by ethnicity (p<0.021) and gender (p<0.001), by ethnicity for magnesium (p=0.001). The RR for each gender/ethnicity strata was close to 1 and did not reach statistical significance at alpha=0.05 for potassium. For calcium, 15% of high-dose supplement-users exceeded the UL compared with only 2.1% of nonusers. For vitamin C, the percentages were 6.6% and 0%, and for magnesium, 35.3% and 0% (p<0.001 for all). Conclusion Although supplement use is associated with meeting DRI guidelines for calcium, vitamin C and magnesium, many adults are not meeting the DRI guidelines even with the help of dietary supplements, and the effect of supplementation can vary according to ethnicity and gender. However, supplementation was not significantly associated with meeting DRIs for potassium. Also, high-dose supplement use is associated with intakes above ULs for calcium, magnesium and vitamin C.

Burnett-Hartman, Andrea N.; Fitzpatrick, Annette L.; Gao, Kun; Jackson, Sharon A.; Schreiner, Pamela J.

2009-01-01

171

Race-Ethnicity of Female Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Aged 25 to 34. The TEDS Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Substance use patterns and treatment needs vary among women. Among women entering substance abuse treatment, those aged 25 to 34 are of particular interest because they most likely have finished their formal education, are part of the workforce, and are i...

2009-01-01

172

Early childhood care and education: effects on ethnic and racial gaps in school readiness.  

PubMed

The authors examine black, white, and Hispanic children's differing experiences in early childhood care and education and explore links between these experiences and racial and ethnic gaps in school readiness. Children who attend center care or preschool programs enter school more ready to learn, but both the share of children enrolled in these programs and the quality of care they receive differ by race and ethnicity. Black children are more likely to attend preschool than white children, but may experience lower-quality care. Hispanic children are much less likely than white children to attend preschool. The types of preschool that children attend also differ. Both black and Hispanic children are more likely than white children to attend Head Start. Public funding of early childhood care and education, particularly Head Start, is already reducing ethnic and racial gaps in preschool attendance. The authors consider whether further increases in enrollment and improvements in quality would reduce school readiness gaps. They conclude that incremental changes in enrollment or quality will do little to narrow gaps. But substantial increases in Hispanic and black children's enrollment in preschool, alone or in combination with increases in preschool quality, have the potential to decrease school readiness gaps. Boosting enrollment of Hispanic children may be especially beneficial given their current low rates of enrollment. Policies that target low-income families (who are more likely to be black or Hispanic) also look promising. For example, making preschool enrollment universal for three- and four- year-old children in poverty and increasing the quality of care could close up to 20 percent of the black-white school readiness gap and up to 36 percent of the Hispanic-white gap. PMID:16130546

Magnuson, Katherine A; Waldfogel, Jane

2005-01-01

173

The impact of ethnicity, family income, and parental education on children's health and use of health services.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study characterized ethnic disparities for children in demographics, health status, and use of services; explored whether ethnic subgroups (Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Mexican) have additional distinctive differences; and determined whether disparities are explained by differences in family income and parental education. METHODS: Bivariate and multivariate analyses of data on 99,268 children from the 1989-91 National Health Interview Surveys were conducted. RESULTS: Native American, Black, and Hispanic children are poorest (35%, 41% below poverty level vs 10% of Whites), least healthy (66%-74% in excellent or very good health vs 85% of Whites), and have the least well educated parents. Compared with Whites, non-White children average fewer doctor visits and are more likely to have excessive intervals between visits. Hispanic subgroup differences in demographics, health, and use of services equal or surpass differences among major ethnic groups. In multivariate analyses, almost all ethnic group disparities persisted after adjustment for family income, parental education, and other relevant covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Major ethnic groups and subgroups of children differ strikingly in demographics, health, and use of services; subgroup differences are easily overlooked; and most disparities persist even after adjustment for family income and parental education.

Flores, G; Bauchner, H; Feinstein, A R; Nguyen, U S

1999-01-01

174

African American Adolescents’ Future Education Orientation: Associations with Self-efficacy, Ethnic Identity, and Perceived Parental Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study, using data from 374 African American students (59.4% female) in grades 7–12 attending a rural, southern\\u000a county public school, addressed associations of self-efficacy, ethnic identity and parental support with “future education\\u000a orientation.” Both gender and current level of achievement distinguished adolescents with differing levels of future education\\u000a orientation. The strongest predictors of future education orientation were self-efficacy,

Jennifer L. Kerpelman; Suna Eryigit; Carolyn J. Stephens

2008-01-01

175

The Protective Influence of Family Bonding on Smoking Initiation in Adolescents by Racial/Ethnic and Age Subgroups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examined the associations among family bonding factors and the initiation of smoking by race/ethnicity and age group among nonsmokers at Wave 1. Overall, 18% of the sample initiated smoking by Wave 2. For younger African-American and Hispanic youths, high maternal…

Mahabee-Gittens, E. Melinda; Khoury, Jane C.; Huang, Bin; Dorn, Lorah D.; Ammerman, Robert T.; Gordon, Judith S.

2011-01-01

176

Investigation of Music Student Efficacy as Influenced by Age, Experience, Gender, Ethnicity, and Type of Instrument Played in South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research study was to quantitatively examine South Carolina high school instrumental music students' self-efficacy as measured by the Generalized Self-Efficacy (GSE) instrument (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1993). The independent variables of age, experience, gender, ethnicity, and type of instrument played) were correlated with the…

White, Norman

2010-01-01

177

Investigation of Music Student Efficacy as Influenced by Age, Experience, Gender, Ethnicity, and Type of Instrument Played in South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research study was to quantitatively examine South Carolina high school instrumental music students' self-efficacy as measured by the Generalized Self-Efficacy (GSE) instrument (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1993). The independent variables of age, experience, gender, ethnicity, and type of instrument played) were correlated with the…

White, Norman

2010-01-01

178

The Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version and Adolescent and Adult Recidivism-- Considerations with Respect to Gender, Ethnicity, and Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated the predictive accuracy of the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL: YV; A. E. Forth, D. S. Kosson, & R. D. Hare, 2003) for youth and adult recidivism, with respect to gender, ethnicity, and age, in a sample of 161 Canadian young offenders who received psychological services from an outpatient mental health…

Stockdale, Keira C.; Olver, Mark E.; Wong, Stephen C. P.

2010-01-01

179

Development of Ethnic, Racial, and National Prejudice in Childhood and Adolescence: A Multinational Meta-Analysis of Age Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This meta-analysis summarizes 113 research reports worldwide (121 cross-sectional and 7 longitudinal studies) on age differences in ethnic, racial, or national prejudice among children and adolescents. Overall, results indicated a peak in prejudice in middle childhood (5-7 years) followed by a slight decrease until late childhood (8-10 years). In…

Raabe, Tobias; Beelmann, Andreas

2011-01-01

180

Development of Ethnic, Racial, and National Prejudice in Childhood and Adolescence: A Multinational Meta-Analysis of Age Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This meta-analysis summarizes 113 research reports worldwide (121 cross-sectional and 7 longitudinal studies) on age differences in ethnic, racial, or national prejudice among children and adolescents. Overall, results indicated a peak in prejudice in middle childhood (5-7 years) followed by a slight decrease until late childhood (8-10 years). In…

Raabe, Tobias; Beelmann, Andreas

2011-01-01

181

Prevalence of Overweight in North Florida Elementary and Middle School Children: Effects of Age, Sex, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The number of overweight children has been rapidly increasing, although its prevalence varies by age, sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic (SES) status. Methods: Height and weight assessments were used to calculate body mass index (BMI) and BMI percentile on more than 17,000 children in 1 north Florida school district's elementary and…

Johnson, Suzanne B.; Pilkington, Lorri L.; Deeb, Larry C.; Jeffers, Sheila; He, Jianghua; Lamp, Camilla

2007-01-01

182

The Protective Influence of Family Bonding on Smoking Initiation in Adolescents by Racial\\/Ethnic and Age Subgroups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examined the associations among family bonding factors and the initiation of smoking by race\\/ethnicity and age group among nonsmokers at Wave 1. Overall, 18% of the sample initiated smoking by Wave 2. For younger African-American and Hispanic youths, high maternal satisfaction with the relationship was significantly protective of

E. Melinda Mahabee-Gittens; Jane C. Khoury; Bin Huang; Lorah D. Dorn; Robert T. Ammerman; Judith S. Gordon

2011-01-01

183

Risk of Low Birth Weight Associated with Advanced Maternal Age Among Four Ethnic Groups in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To examine and compare the risk of low birth weight associated with delayed childbearing in four ethnic groups using nationally representative data in the United States. Methods: We compared the risk of low (Results: African Americans and Puerto Ricans, and to a lesser extent Mexican Americans, had higher risk differences associated with advanced maternal age. For first births, the

Babak Khoshnood; Stephen Wall; Kwang-sun Lee

2005-01-01

184

Design education in the information age  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine changes in design practice during the industrial and information ages from an evolutionary systems perspective. We conclude that: •design practice and education have scarcely tapped the holistic sciences yet, despite their importance;•new forms of practice are emerging as design becomes more embedded in society, and design becomes important to other disciplines;•collaborative design will increasingly prevail due to growing

John A. Broadbent; Nigel Cross

2003-01-01

185

Understanding how race\\/ethnicity and gender define age-trajectories of disability: An intersectionality approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of studies have demonstrated wide disparities in health among racial\\/ethnic groups and by gender, yet few have examined how race\\/ethnicity and gender intersect or combine to affect the health of older adults. The tendency of prior research to treat race\\/ethnicity and gender separately has potentially obscured important differences in how health is produced and maintained, undermining efforts to

David F. Warner; Tyson H. Brown

2011-01-01

186

Educational attainment and late life telomere length in the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study.  

PubMed

Morbidity and mortality are greater among socially disadvantaged racial/ethnic groups and those of lower socioeconomic status (SES). Greater chronic stress exposure in disadvantaged groups may contribute to this by accelerating cellular aging, indexed by shorter age-adjusted telomere length. While studies consistently relate shorter leukocyte telomere length (LTL) to stress, the few studies, mostly from the UK, examining associations of LTL with SES have been mixed. The current study examined associations between educational attainment and LTL among 2599 high-functioning black and white adults age 70-79 from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. Multiple regression analyses tested associations of race/ethnicity, educational attainment and income with LTL, adjusting for potential confounders. Those with only a high school education had significantly shorter mean LTL (4806 basepairs) than those with post-high school education (4926 basepairs; B=125, SE=47.6, p=.009). A significant interaction of race and education (B=207.8, SE=98.7, p=.035) revealed more beneficial effects of post-high school education for blacks than for whites. Smokers had shorter LTL than non-smokers, but the association of education and LTL remained significant when smoking was covaried (B=119.7, SE=47.6, p=.012). While higher income was associated with longer LTL, the effect was not significant (p>.10). This study provides the first demonstration of an association between educational attainment and LTL in a US population where higher education appears to have a protective effect against telomere shortening, particularly in blacks. PMID:22981835

Adler, Nancy; Pantell, Matthew S; O'Donovan, Aoife; Blackburn, Elizabeth; Cawthon, Richard; Koster, Annemarie; Opresko, Patricia; Newman, Anne; Harris, Tamara B; Epel, Elissa

2012-09-05

187

Age-Related Alterations of Plasma Lipid Peroxidation and Erythrocyte Superoxide Dismutase Activity in Different Ethnic Groups of Gorgan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Free radicals have been proposed as important causative agents of ageing. The free radical theory of ageing postulates that ageing is caused by free radical reactions. These highly reactive species can cause oxidative damage in the cell. The purposive of this study was to investigate the alteration in plasma lipid peroxidation and erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity in 2 different ethnic groups of Fars and Turkmen healthy people. We measured plasma lipid peroxidation levels (lipid peroxidation expressed as malondialdehyde) and erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity. Study include 350 (175 Fars and 175 Turkmen male) apparently healthy individuals. Erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activities were determined in 2 different ethnic groups of Fars and Turkmen consisting of healthy individuals between 26-60 years of age {26-30 (n = 30), 3-35 (n = 30), 36-40 (n = 30), 41-45 (n = 30), 46-50 (n = 25), 51-55 (n = 15) and 56-60 (n = 15)}, respectively. The data was analyzed by Student` t-test. Erythrocyte superoxide dismutase and plasma lipid peroxidation levels in Fars and Turkmen people with 41-45 ages (group 4) and 36-40 ages (group 3) were significantly lower and higher than in the other age groups (Fars groups 1, 2 and 3, Turkmen groups 1, 2), respectively (p< 0.05). There were no significant relation between the age group 4 (Fars people) and the age groups 5, 6 and 7 (p>0.05). There were no significant relation between the age groups 3 (Turkmen people) and the age groups 4, 5, 6 and 7 (p>0.05). We found age-related differences in erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity and plasma lipid peroxidation levels. The results indicate that the balance between antioxidant and prooxidant factors in free radical metabolism shifts towards increased lipid peroxidation with advancing age in 2 ethnic groups. This situation maybe begin in Turkmen people earlier than Fars people. The ethnic origin, diet, heavy working and life style factors of the two populations may explain this differences. Therefore we propose that older Fars and Turkmen people may have elevated requirement for antioxidants. Supplementation with vitamin or dietary free radical scavengers such as vitamin E and C or foodstuff containing these such as tomatoes, oranges and similars have a potential role in boosting antioxidant related defenses and may be important for older people of two ethnic groups.

Marjani, Abdoljalal; Mansourian, Azad Reza; Veghari, Gholam Reza; Rabiee, Mohammad Reza

188

Researching Race/Ethnicity and Educational Inequality in the Netherlands: A Critical Review of the Research Literature between 1980 and 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes and critically analyzes how educational sociologists in the Netherlands have studied the relationship between race/ethnicity and educational inequality between 1980 and 2008. Five major research traditions are identified: (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and ethnic discrimination; (3) school characteristics; (4) school…

Stevens, Peter A. J.; Clycq, Noel; Timmerman, Christianne; Van Houtte, Mieke

2011-01-01

189

Researching race\\/ethnicity and educational inequality in the Netherlands: a critical review of the research literature between 1980 and 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes and critically analyzes how educational sociologists in the Netherlands have studied the relationship between race\\/ethnicity and educational inequality between 1980 and 2008. Five major research traditions are identified: (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and ethnic discrimination; (3) school characteristics; (4) school choice; and (5) family background. The development of particular research traditions is explained by pointing to

Peter A. J. Stevens; Noel Clycq; Christianne Timmerman; Mieke Van Houtte

2011-01-01

190

Effects of classroom education on knowledge and attitudes regarding organ donation in ethnically diverse urban high schools  

PubMed Central

School-based health education is a promising approach for improving organ donation rates, but little is known about its efficacy among ethnically diverse youth. The impact of a classroom intervention was examined in a multicultural high school population where students’ ethnicities were 45% African American, 30% Asian American, and 33% Caucasian (allowing for multiracial choices). A baseline survey was administered to all health classes within 2 weeks prior to intervention. On the intervention day, classes randomly assigned to the intervention group received an educational session, followed by a second survey; in control classes, the second survey was taken before the educational session. At baseline, non-Caucasian ethnicity and male gender were each associated with lower levels of willingness to donate. Following the intervention, students in the intervention group demonstrated a significant increase in knowledge scores (p<0.001), as well as positive movement of opinion regarding willingness to donate (p<0.0001). Most importantly, the positive changes in opinion occurred independently of ethnicity and gender, in spite of these both being negative predictors of opinion at baseline. These results demonstrate that even a single classroom exposure can impact knowledge levels, correct misinformation, and effect opinion change on organ donation among an ethnically diverse adolescent population.

Cardenas, Vicky; Thornton, John Daryl; Wong, Kristine A.; Spigner, Clarence; Allen, Margaret D.

2010-01-01

191

The Two Faces of Education in Ethnic Conflict: Towards a Peacebuilding Education for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report challenges the widely held assumption that education is inevitably a force for good. While the provision of good quality education can be a stabilizing factor, the report shows how educational systems can be manipulated to drive a wedge between people. The report begins by describing the nature of today's armed conflicts, with…

Bush, Kenneth D., Ed.; Saltarelli, Diana, Ed.

192

Influence of Age on Transracial Foster Adoptions and Its Relation to Ethnic Identity Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States, ethnic minorities are disproportionately represented in the foster care system and underrepresented among potential adoptive parents. The need to find permanent homes for foster children has led to an increase in the controversial practice of transracial adoption (TRA), wherein ethnic minority children are placed in adoptive homes with Caucasian parents. While many child welfare scholars and

Joshua B. Padilla; Jose H. Vargas; H. Lyssette Chavez

2010-01-01

193

Challenges and issues facing the future of nursing education: implications for ethnic minority faculty and students.  

PubMed

Current trends in higher education in the United States demand that nursing take stock of how it is prepared or being prepared to face challenges and issues impacting on its future. The intense effort made to attract students to pursue advanced training in science and engineering in the United States pales in comparison to the numbers of science and engineering majors produced yearly in international schools. As a result, more and more jobs are being outsourced to international markets. Could international outsourcing become a method of nursing education? Authors submit that to remain competitive, the nursing profession must attract a younger cohort of technologically savvy students and faculty reflective of the growing diverse population in the United States. Additionally, nursing programs in research universities face even more daunting challenges as it relates to mandates for funded research programs of educational units. This article offers suggestions and recommendations for nursing programs in higher education institutions on ways to attract and retain ethnic minorities and of how to harness the power of research to address burgeoning societal health challenges. PMID:22303646

Davis, Sheila P; Davis, Danyetta D

2010-01-01

194

The differential effects of maternal age, race/ethnicity and insurance on neonatal intensive care unit admission rates  

PubMed Central

Background Maternal race/ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic status (SES) are important factors determining birth outcome. Previous studies have demonstrated that, teenagers, and mothers with advanced maternal age (AMA), and Black/Non-Hispanic race/ethnicity can independently increase the risk for a poor pregnancy outcome. Similarly, public insurance has been associated with suboptimal health outcomes. The interaction and impact on the risk of a pregnancy resulting in a NICU admission has not been studied. Our aim was, to analyze the simultaneous interactions of teen/advanced maternal age (AMA), race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status on the odds of NICU admission. Methods The Consortium of Safe Labor Database (subset of n = 167,160 live births) was used to determine NICU admission and maternal factors: age, race/ethnicity, insurance, previous c-section, and gestational age. Results AMA mothers were more likely than teenaged mothers to have a pregnancy result in a NICU admission. Black/Non-Hispanic mothers with private insurance had increased odds for NICU admission. This is in contrast to the lower odds of NICU admission seen with Hispanic and White/Non-Hispanic pregnancies with private insurance. Conclusions Private insurance is protective against a pregnancy resulting in a NICU admission for Hispanic and White/Non-Hispanic mothers, but not for Black/Non-Hispanic mothers. The health disparity seen between Black and White/Non-Hispanics for the risk of NICU admission is most evident among pregnancies covered by private insurance. These study findings demonstrate that adverse pregnancy outcomes are mitigated differently across race, maternal age, and insurance status.

2012-01-01

195

Practices in Old Age ICT Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Lifelong learning as an individual activity that spans over one’s life is not a reality yet, despite the general guides of\\u000a educational policy. Especially the elderly, those over 65 years, are in danger of lagging behind. The solid trust in one’s\\u000a own activity and learning skills is required, besides, many aged today lack the learning culture (Tikkanen, 2003, Gerontologia, Helsinki:

Minnamari Naumanen; Markku Tukiainen

196

Home?based Parental Involvement in Young Children’s Education: Examining the effects of maternal education across U.S. ethnic groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the contributions of maternal education and ethnicity to three dimensions of home?based parental involvement in young children’s education and development: parental expectations about educational attainment, children’s activities at home and outside the home, and family routines. Controlling for family background variables such as family size and structure, household income, and neighbourhood safety, we examined these relations in

Laura M. Stapleton

2007-01-01

197

The Influence of Ethnicity and Adverse Life Experiences during Adolescence on Young Adult Socioeconomic Attainment: The Moderating Role of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research has documented that adverse life experiences during adolescence, particularly for ethnic minorities, have a long-term influence on income and asset attainment and that this relationship is largely mediated by educational achievement. We extend prior research by investigating three research questions. First, we investigate the…

Wickrama, K. A. S.; Simons, Leslie Gordon; Baltimore, Diana

2012-01-01

198

Citizenship Education and Human Rights in Sites of Ethnic Conflict: Toward Critical Pedagogies of Compassion and Shared Fate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present essay discusses the value of citizenship as shared fate in sites of ethnic conflict and analyzes its implications for citizenship education in light of three issues: first, the requirements of affective relationality in the notion of citizenship-as-shared fate; second, the tensions between the values of human rights and shared fate in…

Zembylas, Michalinos

2012-01-01

199

Motivation, Ethnic Identity, and Post-Secondary Education Language Choices of Graduates of Intensive French Language Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the motivation for learning French, the ethnic identities, and the decision to pursue post-secondary education in French of anglophone graduates of intensive French language programs in high school. Sixty-two graduates of either French immersion, Advanced Placement French, or the International Baccalaureate French program…

Goldberg, Erin; Noels, Kimberly A.

2006-01-01

200

New Technologies, New Differences. Gender and Ethnic Differences in Pupils' Use of ICT in Primary and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the accessibility and attractiveness of different types of ICT applications in education for girls and boys and for pupils from families with an ethnic minority background and from the majority population in the Netherlands. A study was conducted in seven schools (primary and secondary). Data were collected on…

Volman, Monique; van Eck, Edith; Heemskerk, Irma; Kuiper, Els

2005-01-01

201

Education and Cultural Integration among Ethnic Minorities and Natives in The Netherlands: A Test of the Integration Paradox  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution sets out to identify the main determinants of two attitudinal indicators of cultural integration that figure in the construction of acculturation strategies: opposition toward ethnically mixed relationships and identification with the origin country. We derive our expectations from Social Identity Theory on the direct and indirect effects of education. To test our hypotheses we use data from the

Jochem Tolsma; Marcel Lubbers; Mérove Gijsberts

2012-01-01

202

New Technologies, New Differences. Gender and Ethnic Differences in Pupils' Use of ICT in Primary and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigates the accessibility and attractiveness of different types of ICT applications in education for girls and boys and for pupils from families with an ethnic minority background and from the majority population in the Netherlands. A study was conducted in seven schools (primary and secondary). Data were collected on…

Volman, Monique; van Eck, Edith; Heemskerk, Irma; Kuiper, Els

2005-01-01

203

Ethnic density in school classes and adolescent mental health  

PubMed Central

Objective The present study set out to examine the association between ethnic composition of school classes and prevalence of internalising and externalising problem behaviour among ethnic minority and majority students. Methods Data were derived from the Dutch 2002 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey, a nationally representative cross-sectional study with a total of 5,730 adolescents, aged 11–18 and attending secondary school, of which 931 belong to ethnic minority groups. The data were analysed using a multilevel regression model. Results The study revealed that, after taking individual characteristics like age, gender, educational level and family affluence into account, ethnic minority students on average report higher levels of externalising but not internalising problems. Ethnic density on the level of school classes modified this difference, as a negative association between the proportion ethnic minority students in class and externalising problem behaviour was found, but only for ethnic minority students. No effect of ethnic composition was found with respect to internalising problem behaviour. Conclusion The data revealed that ethnic minority students report higher levels of externalising problem behaviour, but only in classes with a minority of ethnic minority students and not in classes with a culturally diverse composition. This points towards a possible beneficial effect of a more culturally diverse environment for minority students. Majority students appeared to be insensitive for the ethnic density effect. Future studies should investigate the role of the ethnic composition of the school class more in-depth.

Vollebergh, Wilma; van Dorsselaer, Saskia

2009-01-01

204

Outdoor recreation behaviors and preferences of urban racial/ethnic ...  

Treesearch

Description: A study of outdoor recreation preferences and behavior of ... In addition, gender, age, education, income, residence, and household size helped explain ... Keywords: tourism, outdoor recreation, ethnicity, recreation marketiing.

205

The Day-to-Day Impact of Urogenital Aging: Perspectives from Racially/Ethnically Diverse Women  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Urogenital symptoms affect up to half of women after menopause, but their impact on women’s day-to-day functioning and wellbeing is poorly understood. METHODS Postmenopausal women aged 45 to 80 years reporting urogenital dryness, soreness, itching, or pain during sex were recruited to participate in in-depth focus groups to discuss the impact of their symptoms. Focus groups were homogenous with respect to race/ethnicity and stratified by age (for White or Black women) or language (for Latina women). Transcripts of sessions were analyzed according to grounded theory. RESULTS Six focus groups were conducted, involving 44 women (16 White, 14 Black, 14 Latina). Five domains of functioning and wellbeing affected by symptoms were identified: sexual functioning, everyday activities, emotional wellbeing, body image, and interpersonal relations. For some participants, symptoms primarily affected their ability to have and enjoy sex, as well as be responsive to their partners. For others, symptoms interfered with everyday activities, such as exercising, toileting, or sleeping. Participants regarded their symptoms as a sign that they were getting old or their body was deteriorating; women also associated symptoms with a loss of womanhood or sexuality. Additionally, participants reported feeling depressed, embarrassed, and frustrated about their symptoms, and expressed reluctance to discuss them with friends, family, or health care providers. CONCLUSIONS Urogenital symptoms can have a marked impact on sexual functioning, everyday activities, emotional wellbeing, body image, and interpersonal relations after menopause. Clinicians may need to question women actively about these symptoms, as many are reluctant to seek help for this problem.

Luft, Janis; Grady, Deborah; Kuppermann, Miriam

2009-01-01

206

The Education of Ethnic Minority Children from the Perspectives of Parents, Teachers and Education Authorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on 1975 interviews with British education officials, parents and teachers of disadvantaged children, it can be asserted that these groups have very different concepts and expectations of the educational system. Minority parents have a high opinion of the schools their children attend and of the teachers who work there. However, many…

Community Relations Commission, London (England).

207

Preparation of Nurses to Meet the Needs of an Ethnically Diverse Society: Educational Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Culturally appropriate health care has yet to emerge in Britain. To prepare nurses to meet the health needs of ethnic minorities requires awareness of their own cultural identity, cross-cultural understanding, and recruitment of students from ethnic groups. (SK)|

Gerrish, Kate

1997-01-01

208

Effects of Aging and Education on False Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of aging and education on participants' false memory for words that were not presented. Three age groups of participants with either a high or low education level were asked to study lists of semantically related words. Both age and education were found to affect veridical and false memory, as indicated in the…

Lee, Yuh-Shiow; Lee, Chia-Lin; Yang, Hua-Te

2012-01-01

209

Predictors of Recidivism among Delinquent Youth: Interrelations among Ethnicity, Gender, Age, Mental Health Problems, and Posttraumatic Stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the interrelations among mental health problems, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), age, ethnicity, gender, and recidivism over a three-year period in a sample of 417 male and 170 female juvenile offenders. At the time of first admission to a juvenile detention center, boys reported higher alcohol\\/drug use, whereas girls reported greater anger\\/irritability. Caucasian offenders evidenced higher rates of

Stephen P. Becker; Patricia K. Kerig; Ji-Young Lim; Rebecca N. Ezechukwu

2012-01-01

210

Age and Racial / Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Reported Symptoms in HIV-Infected Persons on Antiretroviral Therapy  

PubMed Central

Few studies have evaluated age and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of symptoms in HIV infection. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of gastrointestinal, metabolic, general malaise, neurologic, or other self-reported symptoms by age and race/ethnicity among 1,574 HIV-infected women enrolled in the Women’s Interagency HIV Study and 955 HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. All patients had known dates of initiation of highly-active antiretroviral therapy. It was observed that women ?50 years were less likely to experience gastrointestinal symptoms (24% vs. 27%, multivariable p=0.024), but more likely to experience general malaise (47% vs. 37%; multivariable p=0.004), neurologic (44% vs. 38%; multivariable p=0.048), or other symptoms (40% vs. 28%; multivariable P<0.001) compared to women <40 years of age. Only neurologic symptoms had a higher prevalence among older MSM (52% vs. 37%; multivariable P=0.002), largely driven by paresthesias (48% vs. 31%; multivariable p=0.004), the most common individual symptom reported by men. Caucasian women generally had the highest prevalence of symptoms and African-American women had the lowest prevalence. Few racial/ethnic differences were noted for MSM. Depression and a prior diagnosis of AIDS were the strongest and most consistent predictors of clinical symptoms in both cohorts. In summary, the prevalence of reported symptoms varies with patient race/ethnicity, age, and modifiable factors such as depression and HIV disease stage. Clinicians should consider these factors when counseling patients regarding potential adverse effects of antiretrovirals or symptoms associated with HIV disease.

Silverberg, Michael J.; Jacobson, Lisa P.; French, Audrey; Witt, Mallory D.; Gange, Stephen J.

2009-01-01

211

Ethnicity, Education, and Fertility Transition in Kinshasa, Congo. Working Paper 2-97-1. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substantial ethnic differences in fertility were documented in the Congo in the mid-1950s. These differences, apparent as well among women residing in Kinshasa, the capital, were linked to variations across ethnic groups in the incidence of venereal diseases and sterility. By the mid-1970s ethnic differences in fertility had diminished but were…

Shapiro, David; Tambashe, B. Oleko

212

Enhance Ideological Political Education Work for Ethnic Minority Students and Build up Harmonious Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To accelerate the development of the ethnic minority regions and cultivate ethnic minority talent, the state has successively implemented policies of setting up the Tibet Class and the Xinjiang Class in institutions of higher learning in China's interior regions ("neidi"), enabling some of the finest young students among the ethnic minorities to…

Liu, Yi

2010-01-01

213

Singapore Education Sector Analysis: Improvement and Challenges in Academic Performance of Four Ethnic Groups in Singapore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Singapore is a multi-ethnic nation-state with the following ethnic groups: Chinese (76.8%), Malay (13.9%), Indian (7.9%), and Others (1.4%) such as Eurasians, Europeans, Arabs, Jews, and Japanese. A bilingual policy, which takes English as a lingua franca and Mandarin, Malay, and Tamil as mother tongue for each ethnic group, reflects this…

Yamashita, Mika

214

Does longer compulsory education equalize educational attainment by gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic background?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effects of the extension of compulsory schooling from 5 to 8 years in Turkey—which substantially increased the grade completion rates not only during the new compulsory years but also during the high school years—on the equality of educational outcomes among various subpopulations. While longer compulsory schooling decreases the educational gap for most subgroups—in particular, the gender

Murat G. Kirdar; Meltem Dayioglu; Ismet Koc

2012-01-01

215

The educational background and qualifications of UK medical students from ethnic minorities  

PubMed Central

Background UK medical students and doctors from ethnic minorities underperform in undergraduate and postgraduate examinations. Although it is assumed that white (W) and non-white (NW) students enter medical school with similar qualifications, neither the qualifications of NW students, nor their educational background have been looked at in detail. This study uses two large-scale databases to examine the educational attainment of W and NW students. Methods Attainment at GCSE and A level, and selection for medical school in relation to ethnicity, were analysed in two separate databases. The 10th cohort of the Youth Cohort Study provided data on 13,698 students taking GCSEs in 1999 in England and Wales, and their subsequent progression to A level. UCAS provided data for 1,484,650 applicants applying for admission to UK universities and colleges in 2003, 2004 and 2005, of whom 52,557 applied to medical school, and 23,443 were accepted. Results NW students achieve lower grades at GCSE overall, although achievement at the highest grades was similar to that of W students. NW students have higher educational aspirations, being more likely to go on to take A levels, especially in science and particularly chemistry, despite relatively lower achievement at GCSE. As a result, NW students perform less well at A level than W students, and hence NW students applying to university also have lower A-level grades than W students, both generally, and for medical school applicants. NW medical school entrants have lower A level grades than W entrants, with an effect size of about -0.10. Conclusion The effect size for the difference between white and non-white medical school entrants is about B0.10, which would mean that for a typical medical school examination there might be about 5 NW failures for each 4 W failures. However, this effect can only explain a portion of the overall effect size found in undergraduate and postgraduate examinations of about -0.32.

McManus, IC; Woolf, Katherine; Dacre, Jane

2008-01-01

216

Ethnicity and Race: Creating Educational Opportunities around the Globe. International Advances in Education: Global Initiatives for Equity and Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume of Global Initiatives for Equity and Social Justice takes a resource perspective toward culture, ethnicity, and race. Its purpose is to foster global dialog about race and ethnicity, with an emphasis on sharing strategies and solutions. While one might view problems stemming from racial and ethnic differences as intractable, the…

Brown, Elinor L., Ed.; Gibbons, Pamela E., Ed.

2011-01-01

217

Trends in Educational Attainment by Race/Ethnicity, Nativity, and Sex in the United States, 1989-2005.  

PubMed

Despite the importance of education for shaping individuals' life chances, little research has examined trends and differences in educational attainment for detailed demographic subpopulations in the United States. We use labor market segmentation and cohort replacement theories, linear regression methods, and data from the National Health Interview Survey to understand educational attainment by race/ethnicity, nativity, birth cohort, and sex between 1989 and 2005 in the United States. There have been significant changes in educational attainment over time. In support of the cohort replacement theory, we find that across cohorts, females have enjoyed greater gains in education than men, and for some race/ethnic groups, recent cohorts of women average more years of education than comparable men. And in support of labor market segmentation theories, foreign-born Mexican Americans continue to possess relatively low levels of educational attainment. Our results can aid policymakers in identifying vulnerable populations, and form the base from which to better understand changing disparities in education. PMID:22649275

Everett, Bethany G; Rogers, Richard G; Hummer, Robert A; Krueger, Patrick M

2011-01-28

218

The Vulnerability of Older Middle Age and Elderly Adults in a Multi-Ethnic, Low Income Area: Contributions of Age, Ethnicity, and Health Insurance  

PubMed Central

This community partnered study was developed and fielded in partnerships with key community stakeholders, describes age and race-related variation in delays in care and preventive service utilization among middle-aged and older adults living in South Los Angeles. The survey sample included adults ages 50 years and older who self-identified as African-American or Latino and lived in zip-codes of South Los Angeles (N=708). Dependent variables were self-reported delays in care and use of preventive services. Insured participants ages 50–64 years were more likely to report any delay in care (adjusted predicted percent (APP) 18%, 95% CI 14, 23) and problems getting needed medical care (APP 15%, 95% CI 12, 20) than those ages 65 years or older. Uninsured participants ages 50–64 years reported even greater delays in care (APP 45%, 95% CI 33, 56) and problems getting needed medical (APP 33%,95% CI 22, 45) and specialty care (APP 26%, 95% CI 16, 39) than those age 65 and over. Compared to older participants, those age 50–64 years were generally less likely to receive preventive services, including influenza or pneumococcal vaccines and colonoscopy, but women were more likely to receive mammograms. Persons ages 50–64 years had more problems obtaining recommended preventive care and faced more delays in care than persons age 65 years and older, particularly if uninsured. Providing insurance coverage for this group may improve access to preventive care and promote wellness.

Walker, Kara Odom; Steers, Neil; Liang, Li-Jung; Morales, Leo S.; Forge, Nell; Jones, Loretta; Brown, Arleen F.

2010-01-01

219

Education in Multi-Ethnic Societies of Central and Eastern Europe. A Skills Exchange Workshop (Bulgaria, November 7-10, 1997). Workshop Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To address problems in public education for majority and minority ethnic groups in Central and Eastern Europe, Minority Rights Group International and the Inter Ethnic Initiative for Human Rights Foundation organized a skills exchange workshop in Sofia, Bulgaria in November 1997. Representatives from Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Slovkia…

Minority Rights Group, London (England).

220

‘To Be an Englishman’: Nation, Ethnicity and English Cricket in the Global Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution is concerned with two central issues in contemporary English cricket, both of which touch on notions of ethnicity and nation. Firstly, it explores the paradox in which, on the one hand, cricket has been an enduring motif of an unchanging Englishness while, on the other, particularly since the 1960s, the English cricket authorities have availed themselves of an

Stephen Wagg

2007-01-01

221

Fat in android, trunk, and peripheral regions varies by ethnicity and race in college aged women.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to determine whether quantity of fat is different across the central (i.e., android, trunk) and peripheral (i.e., arm, leg, and gynoid) regions among young African-American (AA), Asian (AS), Hispanic (HI), and non-Hispanic white (NHW) women. A cohort of 1,161 women (18-30 years) from university physical activity classes were assessed for body composition via dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The mean total body fat percent (TBF%, x = 31.0 ± 7.36%, range = 11.4-54.4%) indicates sufficient variability for the aims. A linear mixed model (LMM) revealed an ethnicity by region fat% interaction (P < 0.0001). Differences existed between ethnicities for each region fat% (all P's < 0.0001) except between HI and AA for the arm region (P = 0.0086) and between AS and NHW for all peripheral regions (P > 0.05). AAs had the highest fat% and HI had the second highest fat% for each region. AS had the third highest fat% for the trunk and android regions. For each ethnicity, the gynoid region had the greatest fat%, followed by the android region, whereas the arm region had the lowest fat%. Future research needs to determine if ethnic differences in central body fat in young women are associated with health outcomes such as cardiovascular disease and insulin resistance. PMID:21996659

Stults-Kolehmainen, Matthew A; Stanforth, Philip R; Bartholomew, John B

2011-10-13

222

Higher Education and Happiness in the Age of Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses relations between happiness and higher education in the age of information, focusing on the need for the university to pursue happiness. Three questions are addressed. First, why should higher education pursue happiness? Second, what are the shapes and characteristics of higher education in the information age? Third, what…

Lee, Jeong-Kyu

2011-01-01

223

Age and Ethnic Differences in Volumetric Breast Density in New Zealand Women: A Cross-Sectional Study  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer incidence differs by ethnicity in New Zealand (NZ) with M?ori (the indigenous people) women having the highest rates followed by Pakeha (people primarily of British/European descent), Pacific and Asian women, who experience the lowest rates. The reasons for these differences are unclear. Breast density, an important risk factor for breast cancer, has not previously been studied here. We used an automated system, Volpara™, to measure breast density volume from the medio-lateral oblique view of digital mammograms, by age (?50 years and >50 years) and ethnicity (Pakeha/M?ori/Pacific/Asian) using routine data from the national screening programme: age; x-ray system and mammography details for 3,091 Pakeha, 716 M?ori, 170 Pacific and 662 Asian (total n?=?4,239) women. Linear regression of the natural logarithm of absolute and percent density values was used, back-transformed and expressed as the ratio of the geometric means. Covariates were age, x-ray system and, for absolute density, the natural log of the volume of non-dense tissue (a proxy for body mass index). Median age for Pakeha women was 55 years; M?ori 53 years; and Pacific and Asian women, 52 years. Compared to Pakeha women (reference), M?ori had higher absolute volumetric density (1.09; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.03–1.15) which remained following adjustment (1.06; 95% CI 1.01–1.12) and was stronger for older compared to younger M?ori women. Asian women had the greatest risk of high percentage breast density (1.35; 95% CI 1.27–1.43) while Pacific women in both the ?50 and >50 year age groups (0.78; 95% CI 0.66–0.92 and 0.81; 95% CI 0.71–0.93 respectively) had the lowest percentage breast density compared to Pakeha. As well as expected age differences, we found differential patterns of breast density by ethnicity consistent with ethnic differences seen in breast cancer risk. Breast density may be a contributing factor to NZ’s well-known, but poorly explained, inequalities in breast cancer incidence.

Ellison-Loschmann, Lis; McKenzie, Fiona; Highnam, Ralph; Cave, Andrew; Walker, Jenny; Jeffreys, Mona

2013-01-01

224

Is access to specialist assessment of chest pain equitable by age, gender, ethnicity and socioeconomic status? An enhanced ecological analysis  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine whether access to rapid access chest pain clinics of people with recent onset symptoms is equitable by age, socioeconomic status, ethnicity and gender, according to need. Design Retrospective cohort study with ecological analysis. Setting Patients referred from primary care to five rapid access chest pain clinics in secondary care, across England. Participants Of 8647 patients aged ?35?years referred to chest pain clinics with new-onset stable chest pain but no known cardiac history, 7570 with documented census ward codes, age, gender and ethnicity comprised the study group. Patients excluded were those with missing date of birth, gender or ethnicity (n=782) and those with missing census ward codes (n=295). Outcome measures Effects of age, gender, ethnicity and socioeconomic status on clinic attendance were calculated as attendance rate ratios, with number of attendances as the outcome and resident population-years as the exposure in each stratum, using Poisson regression. Attendance rate ratios were then compared with coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality ratios to determine whether attendance was equitable according to need. Results Adjusted attendance rate ratios for patients aged >65?years were similar to younger patients (1.1, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.16), despite population CHD mortality rate ratios nearly 15 times higher in the older age group. Women had lower attendance rate ratios (0.81, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.84) and also lower population CHD mortality rate ratios compared with men. South Asians had higher attendance rates (1.67, 95% CI 1.57 to 1.77) compared with whites and had a higher standardised CHD mortality ratio of 1.46 (95% CI 1.41 to 1.51). Although univariable analysis showed that the most deprived patients (quintile 5) had an attendance rate twice that of less deprived quintiles, the adjusted analysis showed their attendance to be 13% lower (0.87, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.94) despite a higher population CHD mortality rate. Conclusion There is evidence of underutilisation of chest pain clinics by older people and those from lower socioeconomic status. More robust and patient focused administrative pathways need to be developed to detect inequity, correction of which has the potential to substantially reduce coronary mortality.

Sekhri, Neha; Hemingway, Harry; Walsh, Niamh; Eldridge, Sandra; Junghans, Cornelia; Feder, Gene

2012-01-01

225

Education biographies from the science pipeline: An analysis of Latino/a student perspectives on ethnic and gender identity in higher education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is a qualitative narrative analysis on the importance and relevance of the ethnic and gender identities of 17 Latino/a (Hispanic) college students in the biological sciences. This research study asks the question of how one's higher education experience within the science pipeline shapes an individual's direction of study, attitudes toward science, and cultural/ethnic and gender identity development. By understanding the ideologies of these students, we are able to better comprehend the world-makings that these students bring with them to the learning process in the sciences. Informed by life history narrative analysis, this study examines Latino/as and their persisting involvement within the science pipeline in higher education and is based on qualitative observations and interviews of student perspectives on the importance of the college science experience on their ethnic identity and gender identity. The findings in this study show the multiple interrelationships from both Latino male and Latina female narratives, separate and intersecting, to reveal the complexities of the Latino/a group experience in college science. By understanding from a student perspective how the science pipeline affects one's cultural, ethnic, or gender identity, we can create a thought-provoking discussion on why and how underrepresented student populations persist in the science pipeline in higher education. The conditions created in the science pipeline and how they affect Latino/a undergraduate pathways may further be used to understand and improve the quality of the undergraduate learning experience.

Lujan, Vanessa Beth

226

Preschool Children's Classification Skills and a Multicultural Education Intervention To Promote Acceptance of Ethnic Diversity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined the impact of an 8-week intervention program designed to reduce racial/ethnic stereotyping among preschoolers varying in classification skill. Found that children in the experimental group had increased in classification skills at posttest and were less likely to sort photo cards by race/ethnicity and more likely to sort them by gender…

Bernstein, Jeffrey; Zimmerman, Toni Schindler; Werner- Wilson, Ronald Jay; Vosburg, Jill

2000-01-01

227

Ethnic Studies in U.S. Higher Education: History, Development, and Goals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Institutions of higher learning in the United States have hastened to create ethnic studies programs, perhaps as a sort of "fire insurance" against student activism and protests. Certainly the move toward ethnic studies has roots in the student activism of the 1960s. Such studies are particularly prominent in large public institutions, which are…

Hu-DeHart, Evelyn

228

Blood Relatives: Language, Immigration, and Education of Ethnic Returnees in Germany and Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since 1989, large numbers of "ethnic returnees" have settled in Germany and Japan. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, 2.8 million "Aussiedler," or ethnic German returnees, came to Germany from the former Soviet Union. In Japan, immigration reform driven by low-skill labor shortages induced nearly 300,000 "Nikkeijin," or people of Japanese…

Ortloff, Debora Hinderliter; Frey, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

229

The effect of ethnicity and maternal birthplace on small-for-gestational-age deliveries to HIV-infected women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To examine the relative role of ethnicity and maternal birthplace on small-for-gestational-age (SGA) deliveries of a cohort\\u000a of mothers in New York who were infected with human immunodeficiency virus.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Medicaid claims and linked vital statistics records were examined for 2,525 singleton deliveries to HIV-infected women from\\u000a 1993 through 1996. We estimated adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)

James R. Cocroft; Walter W. Hauck; Leon Cosler; Barbara J. Turner

2002-01-01

230

Masculinities, the Metrosexual, and Media Images: Across Dimensions of Age and Ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

By inviting two generations of ethnically diverse men to define masculinity, this study makes visible ways men conform to, negotiate, and resist forces of hegemonic masculinity in the 21st century.\\u000a Masculine gender role conflict theory provides underpinning for a textual analysis of empirical evidence gathered among U.S.\\u000a young college men (N?=?80) in focus groups and their fathers\\/uncles (N?=?27) during interviews.

Donnalyn Pompper

2010-01-01

231

Ethnicity, Age, and Trends in Alcohol-Related Driver Fatalities in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the 8-year ethnic-specific declining trend in the proportion of alcohol-impaired driver deaths in the United States.Methods: We used the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), which is a census of all fatal motor vehicle collisions occurring in public properties in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico since 1975. For this study we only focused

Bahman Roudsari; Suhasini Ramisetty-Mikler; Lori A. Rodriguez

2009-01-01

232

Examining the gender, ethnicity, and age dimensions of the healthy immigrant effect: factors in the development of equitable health policy.  

PubMed

This study expands on previous research on the healthy immigrant effect (HIE) in Canada by considering the effects of both immigrant and visible minority status on self-rated health for males and females in mid-(45-64) and later life (65+). The findings reveal a strong HIE among new immigrant middle-aged men, particularly non-Whites. For older men of color the reality is strikingly different: they are disadvantaged in health compared to their Canadian-born counterparts, even when a number of demographic, economic, and lifestyle factors are controlled. Health outcomes for immigrant women are in contrast to that of immigrant men. Among middle-aged women, immigrants, regardless of their ethnicity or number of years since immigration, are much more likely to report poor health compared to the Canadian-born. And, for older women, recent non-white immigrants are more likely to report better health compared to Canadian-born women, although this finding is explained by differences in demographic, economic, and lifestyle factors. Overall, the findings demonstrate the importance of considering the intersections of age, gender, and ethnicity for policymakers in assessing the health of immigrants. PMID:22336144

Kobayashi, Karen M; Prus, Steven G

2012-02-16

233

Profiling the Ethnic Characteristics of Domestic Injuries in Children Younger Than Age 5 Years  

PubMed Central

The home remains a very common location for deadly injuries among children younger than 5 years. The aim of this study is to describe the demographic and injury characteristics of domestic injuries in children younger than 5 years. The National Trauma Data Bank’s National Sample Program data set was queried for children younger than 5 years with the injury site classified as home. Bivariate analysis was performed to determine unadjusted differences by ethnicity. Appropriate weight was applied to the sample to determine accurate national estimates. A total of 7,364 children, representing 32,033 children, were analyzed. Overall mortality was 1.6 per cent. Among whites, blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans, intentional injuries accounted for 6.5, 12.8, 10.2, 5.2, and 19.0 per cent of all injuries by intent, respectively (P < 0.003). Burn injury was disproportionately higher in blacks (24.1%) followed by Native Americans and Asians (15.3 and 11.5%, P = 0.008). On multivariate analysis, black ethnicity was associated with increased length of stay. Intentional injuries were significantly higher in blacks and Native Americans with black patients sustaining a disproportionately higher proportion of burn injury. Therefore, greater attention is needed to provide more effective home safety interventions to children among high-risk ethnic groups.

OYETUNJI, TOLULOPE A.; STEVENSON, ADRIENNE A.; OYETUNJI, ADERONKE O.; ONGUTI, SHARON K.; AMES, SARAH A.; HAIDER, ADIL H.; NWOMEH, BENEDICT C.

2012-01-01

234

What can we learn from the age- and race/ethnicity- specific rates of inflammatory breast carcinoma?  

PubMed Central

Inflammatory Breast Carcinoma (IBC), the most aggressive type of breast tumor with unique clinicopathological presentation, is hypothesized to have distinct etiology with a socioeconomic status (SES) component. Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program data for 2004–2007, we compare incidence rates of IBC to non-inflammatory locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) among racial/ethnic groups with different SES. The analysis includes women 20–84 years of age. To examine evidence for the distinct etiology of IBC, we analyzed age-distribution patterns of IBC and non-inflammatory LABC, using a mathematical carcinogenesis model. Based on the Collaborative Staging Extension codes, 2,942 incident IBC cases (codes 71 and 73) and 5,721 non-inflammatory LABC cases (codes 40–62) were identified during the four-year study period. Age-adjusted rates of IBC among non-Hispanic White and Hispanic women were similar (2.5/100,000 in both groups). Similar rates were also found in non-inflammatory LABC in these two groups (4.8/100,000 and 4.2/100,000, respectively). In African-American women, the IBC (3.91/100,000) and non-inflammatory LABC (8.47/100,000) rates were greater compared with other ethnic/racial sub-groups. However, the ratio of rates of IBC/non-inflammatory LABC was similar among all the racial/ethnic groups, suggesting that African-American women are susceptible to aggressive breast tumors in general but not specifically to IBC. The mathematical model successfully predicted the observed age-specific rates of both examined breast tumors and revealed distinct patterns. IBC rates increased until age 65 and then slightly decreased, whereas non-inflammatory LABC rates steadily increased throughout the entire age interval. The number of critical transition carcinogenesis stages (m-stages) predicted by the model were 6.3 and 8.5 for IBC and non-inflammatory LABC, respectively, supporting different etiologies of these breast tumors.

Siamakpour-Reihani, Sharareh; Akushevich, Igor; Akushevich, Lucy; Spector, Neil; Schildkraut, Joellen

2013-01-01

235

Prevalence and phenotype consequence of FRAXA and FRAXE alleles in a large, ethnically diverse, special education-needs population.  

PubMed

We conducted a large population-based survey of fragile X (FRAXA) syndrome in ethnically diverse metropolitan Atlanta. The eligible study population consisted of public school children, aged 7-10 years, in special education-needs (SEN) classes. The purpose of the study was to estimate the prevalence among whites and, for the first time, African Americans, among a non-clinically referred population. At present, 5 males with FRAXA syndrome (4 whites and 1 African American), among 1,979 tested males, and no females, among 872 tested females, were identified. All males with FRAXA syndrome were mentally retarded and had been diagnosed previously. The prevalence for FRAXA syndrome was estimated to be 1/3,460 (confidence interval [CI] 1/7,143-1/1,742) for the general white male population and 1/4, 048 (CI 1/16,260-1/1,244) for the general African American male population. We also compared the frequency of intermediate and premutation FRAXA alleles (41-199 repeats) and fragile XE syndrome alleles (31-199 repeats) in the SEN population with that in a control population, to determine if there was a possible phenotype consequence of such high-repeat alleles, as has been reported previously. No difference was observed between our case and control populations, and no difference was observed between populations when the probands were grouped by a rough estimate of IQ based on class placement. These results suggest that there is no phenotype consequence of larger alleles that would cause carriers to be placed in an SEN class. PMID:9973286

Crawford, D C; Meadows, K L; Newman, J L; Taft, L F; Pettay, D L; Gold, L B; Hersey, S J; Hinkle, E F; Stanfield, M L; Holmgreen, P; Yeargin-Allsopp, M; Boyle, C; Sherman, S L

1999-02-01

236

Pensacola Junior College Educational Support Development Plan for the Aging and Aged.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report recommends three general categories of involvement in the development of educational programs for the aging and aged at Pensacola Junior College (Florida). (1) Pre-retirement Education: courses should include the psychology of aging, family structures, estate planning, federal laws that affect the elderly, employment opportunities,…

Tamburello, G. B.

237

Racial/Ethnic differences in the educational expectations of adolescents: does pursuing higher education mean something different to latino students compared to white and black students?  

PubMed

There are striking disparities in the academic achievement of American youth, with Latino students being a particularly vulnerable population. Adolescents' academic expectations have been shown to predict educational outcomes, and thus are an important factor in understanding educational disparities. This article examines racial/ethnic differences in the future expectations of adolescents, with a particular focus on how expectations about higher education may differ in frequency and meaning for Latino youth. Participants included 375 urban ninth-grade students (49 % Latino, 23 % White, 22 % Black, and 6 % other; 51 % female) who gave written descriptions of how they pictured their lives in 5 years. Responses were subsequently coded for content and themes. Results demonstrate that Latino youth were less likely to picture themselves attending college when compared to Black and White youth, and more likely to hold social goals, such as starting their own family. Ethnic/racial differences also were found in the themes present in responses, with Latino and Black students more likely than White students to describe individuation and materialistic goals, and to give more unrealistic responses. For Latino youth only, higher education goals were associated significantly with individuation themes. In addition, for Latino youth, adolescents who wished to pursue higher education reported more depressive symptoms and emotional distress than those who did not picture going to college, whereas the opposite pattern was evident for Black and White youth. These differences may reflect cultural values, such as familismo. Practice implications include the importance of culturally tailoring programs aimed at promoting higher education. PMID:23111844

Turcios-Cotto, Viana Y; Milan, Stephanie

2012-10-31

238

Ethnic Minorities and Achievements: The Black Hole in Science Ranks. Part 2: Post-16 Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the overrepresentation of ethnic minority postsecondary students into the arts and humanities instead of science and technical coursework and its impact on employability. The factors that impact this trend are highlighted. (GR)|

Rasekoala, Elizabeth

1997-01-01

239

LIFELONG EDUCATION, LIFELONG NEEDS: FUTURE ROLES IN AN AGING SOCIETY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proceeds from the assumption that the aging of American society has consequences for the life roles of midlife and older persons. Seven points are developed in support of the assumption. They are as follows: dynamics and demographics of an aging population; education, a critical component of life in the future; a model of education for older adults; new

Robert A. Harootyan; Nina S. Feldman

1990-01-01

240

Ethnic differences in the association between blood pressure components and chronic kidney disease in middle aged and older Asian adults  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging public health problem worldwide. Previous studies have shown an association between blood pressure (BP) and CKD. However, it is not clear if there are ethnic differences in this association. We examined the association between BP and CKD in a multi-ethnic Asian population in Singapore. Methods We analysed data from three large population-based studies conducted between 2004–2011, (n=3,167 Chinese, 3,082 Malays and 3,228 Indians) aged 40–80 years. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73m2 from serum creatinine. Hypertension was defined as a self-reported current use of antihypertensive medication or systolic BP ?140 mm Hg or diastolic BP ?90 mm Hg. We also analysed the association of CKD with individual BP components. Results The prevalence of both hypertension and CKD was higher among Malays (68.6, 21%) compared to Chinese (57.9, 5.9%) and Indians (56.0, 7.4%), but treatment for hypertension was lower among Malays (53.4%) compared to Chinese (89.8%) and Indians (83.1%). Hypertension was associated with CKD in all three ethnic groups (OR [95% CI] = 2.71 [1.59-4.63], 2.08 [1.62-2.68], 2.43 [1.66-3.57] in Chinese, Malays and Indians). Among the BP components, both systolic and diastolic BP were associated with CKD in Malays whereas, systolic BP was not significantly associated with CKD, and diastolic BP showed an inverse association which was explained by anti-hypertensive medication use in Chinese and Indians. Conclusions Hypertension was associated with CKD in Chinese, Malays and Indians. However, the BP components were associated with CKD only in Malays.

2013-01-01

241

Marital happiness and sleep disturbances in a multi-ethnic sample of middle-aged women.  

PubMed

Previous research suggests that divorced individuals, particularly women, have higher rates of sleep disturbances as compared to married individuals. Among the married, however, little is known about the association between relationship quality and sleep. The present study examined the association between marital happiness and self-reported sleep disturbances in a sample of midlife women drawn from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), a multi-site, multi-ethnic, community-based study (N = 2,148). Marital happiness was measured using a single item from the Dyadic Adjustment Scale, and sleep disturbance was assessed using 4 items from the Women's Health Initiative Insomnia Rating Scale (WHIIRS). After controlling for relevant covariates, maritally happy women reported fewer sleep disturbances, with the association evident among Caucasian women and to a lesser extent among African American women. PMID:19116797

Troxel, Wendy M; Buysse, Daniel J; Hall, Martica; Matthews, Karen A

2009-01-01

242

Positive but also negative effects of ethnic diversity in schools on educational achievement? An empirical test with cross-national PISA-data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of two characteristics of school populations on reading skills will be estimated in this paper: share and diversity, both on the ethnic and the social-cultural dimension. We use the cross-national PISA-data 2006, both for the 15 years old native pupils and the pupils with a migrant background. A larger ethnic diversity of schools in secondary education hampers the

Jaap Dronkers

2010-01-01

243

The relationship of preference for educational structure to age and years of education among practising nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research in adult and lifelong education has included an expanding interest in the characteristics of adult learners, including an exploration of their preference for independence in the teaching\\/learning situation. Limited research, however, has focused upon this facet of adult education. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of age and years of education to preference for educational

Jan M. Russell; Steven R. Krantz

1994-01-01

244

Moral Education in an Age of Globalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Care theory is used to describe an approach to global ethics and moral education. After a brief introduction to care ethics, the theory is applied to global ethics. The paper concludes with a discussion of moral education for personal, political, and global domains.|

Noddings, Nel

2010-01-01

245

Experiential Environmental Education for Primary Aged Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Environmental education is defined as a cross-curricular theme in the national curriculum (NC) of England and Wales. Environmental education may be experiential in and outside the classroom; outside, the environment may act as a stimulus for creative writing, investigative fieldwork, or sensory activities. Young children learn best by doing.…

Prince, Heather

246

EDUCATING AN AGING SOCIETY: THE UNIVERSITY OF THE THIRD AGE IN FINLAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finland has responded to the educational needs of its aging population with the development of its version of the University of the Third Age. This article traces the creation of the University of the Third Age in Finland from seeds sown in France and England during the 1970s. The unique features of Finland's cultural hybrid University of the Third Age

Joseph D. Yenerall

2003-01-01

247

Reaction Paper to "Ethnicity and the Schools."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines ethnicity in American society and the role of ethnic studies in education in the context of a critical response to a paper presented at the National Council for the Social Studies in November, 1977. The original study, "Ethnicity and the Schools," by Daniel Selakovich, claimed that ethnic studies should play no role in education

Codianni, Anthony V.

248

Comparing Concepts of Ethnicity in Ethnic Composition Measures: Local Community Contexts and the Educational Attainment of the Second Generation in Belgium  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relation between the ethnic composition of municipalities and the secondary-school completion of the second generation of Italian, Moroccan and Turkish origin and of the Belgian majority. Drawing on random samples from the Belgian census and on contextual data at the level of municipalities, we use multilevel models to compare two competing concepts and measures of ethnic

Fenella Fleischmann; Karen Phalet; Patrick Deboosere; Karel Neels

2012-01-01

249

Overweight at age two years in a multi-ethnic cohort (ABCD study): the role of prenatal factors, birth outcomes and postnatal factors  

PubMed Central

Background Childhood overweight/obesity is a major public health problem worldwide which disproportionally affects specific ethnic groups. Little is known about whether such differences already exist at an early age and which factors contribute to these ethnic differences. Therefore, the present study assessed possible ethnic differences in overweight at age 2 years, and the potential explanatory role of prenatal factors, birth outcomes and postnatal factors. Methods Data were derived from a multi-ethnic cohort in the Netherlands (the ABCD study). Weight and height data of 3,156 singleton infants at age 2 years were used. Five ethnic populations were distinguished: Dutch native (n = 1,718), African descent (n = 238), Turkish (n = 162), Moroccan (n = 245) and other non-Dutch (n = 793). Overweight status was defined by the International Obesity Task Force guidelines. The explanatory role of prenatal factors, birth outcomes and postnatal factors in ethnic disparities in overweight (including obesity) was assessed by logistic regression analysis. Results Compared to the native Dutch (7.1%), prevalence of overweight was higher in the Turkish (19.8%) and Moroccan (16.7%) group, whereas the prevalence was not increased in the African descent (9.2%) and other non-Dutch (8.8%) group. Although maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index partly explained the ethnic differences, the odds ratio (OR) of being overweight remained higher in the Turkish (OR: 2.66; 95%CI: 1.56-4.53) and Moroccan (OR: 2.11; 95%CI: 1.31-3.38) groups after adjusting for prenatal factors. The remaining differences were largely accounted for by weight gain during the first 6 months of life (postnatal factor). Maternal height, birth weight and gender were independent predictors for overweight at age 2 years, but did not explain the ethnic differences. Conclusion Turkish and Moroccan children in the Netherlands have 2- to 3-fold higher odds for being overweight at age 2 years, which is largely attributed to maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and weight gain during the first 6 months of life. Further study on the underlying factors of this early weight gain is required to tackle ethnic differences in overweight among these children.

2011-01-01

250

Promoting Ethnic Tolerance and Patriotism: The Role of Education System Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The literature on political socialization has overlooked the influence of system characteristics of schooling on civic values and youth political identities. This article addresses that gap by investigating the degree to which system differentiation relates to the values of ethnic tolerance and patriotism. We distinguish between pedagogical…

Janmaat, Jan Germen; Mons, Nathalie

2011-01-01

251

"It's Different Lives": A Guatemalan American Adolescent's Construction of Ethnic and Gender Identities across Educational Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from a multiyear ethnography and a longitudinal case study, this article examines how one Guatemalan American teenager negotiates the multiple socializations to ethnic and gender identities in her home, her Pentecostal church, and her high school. She must face processes of Americanization and Mexicanization. Americanization's thrust is to…

Ek, Lucila D.

2009-01-01

252

The future of Indian ethnicity in Australia - An educational and cultural perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term Indian encapsulates diversity of region, language, religion, custom and tradition representative of the complexity of Indian ethnicity and the pluralism within India itself The history of the Indian diaspora has resulted in people of Indian origin emigrating once, twice, and in some cases even thrice within a generation to countries whose host cultures were different, even hostile. The

Ana Ivete Faria

253

Black, White, Green, Red. The Politics of Education in Ethnic America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The upheaval in large city school systems during the late 1960s and early 1970s is examined in this book. Most of the specific examples are drawn from school districts in New York City, such as Ocean Hill-Brownsville and Canarsie. The problems of growing demands for community control, ethnic and racial conflicts, and school decentralization are…

Bresnick, David; And Others

254

Using Intercollegiate Response Groups To Help Teacher Education Students Bridge Differences of Race, Class, Ethnicity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide preservice teachers with opportunities for contact with people from racially and ethnically different backgrounds, one university initiated intercollegiate reader response groups using the WebCT format, which allowed students to converse with one another over distances, both within and across universities. Students from separate…

Singer, Judith; Smith, Sally

255

Educating ethnic minority students for the nursing workforce: facilitators and barriers to success.  

PubMed

The number of ethnic minorities graduating from nursing programs does not meet the number of ethnic minority nurses that are needed for patient care. In order to identify the facilitators and barriers to success, a survey was sent to current students and to those who graduated within 2 years. There were 314 responses, which was an overall response rate of 39.6%. Among the 4 facilitator factors, only the general academic support factor was perceived as more helpful by African-American students (p = 0.001). Among the 5 barrier factors, African-American students and Other Ethnic Minority students perceived program workload and pace (African-Americans p < 0.005; Other multicultural groups p < 0.02), computer access (African-Americans p < 0.05; Other multicultural groups p < 0.05) and technology competence (African-Americans p < 0.02) to be barriers. Any student, regardless of ethnicity, who worked at a job 13 to 40 hours a week, perceived family and financial concerns as a barrier. Results indicated that curriculum content should include technology basics and testing for competence. Financial support for students must be expanded through loans and scholarships so workload and pace become more manageable. PMID:20857771

Loftus, Jocelyn; Duty, Susan

2010-07-01

256

Imagined Identity of Ethnic Koreans and Its Implication for Bilingual Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Imagined identity is the way of positioning individuals or being positioned by others in an imagined world, where individuals' cultural identifications interplay with cultural and language practices. This lays the basis for the current research on the construction of imagined memberships by two young ethnic Korean students in China. An analysis…

Gao, Fang

2012-01-01

257

Ethnic Minorities and Achievement: The Fog Clears. Part I (Pre-16 Compulsory Education).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Quantified ethnic elementary school student underachievement data in the compulsory subjects of mathematics, science, and English, with a focus on Black and African Caribbean students. Negative influences to academic achievement in the school environment, including student-teacher relationships and lack of parental involvement, are discussed. The…

Rasekoala, Elizabeth

1997-01-01

258

The politics of Arabic language education: Moroccan immigrant children's language socialization into ethnic and religious identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on issues of reproduction and the manufacturing of national\\/ethnic and religious identities in the deterritorialized space of the Moroccan immigrant diaspora. More specifically, this paper examines Moroccan immigrant children's language socialization into pan-Arabic and Islamic identities in relation to the teaching of the Arabic language to these younger generations of Moroccans, who have either already been born

Inmaculada M. García-Sánchez

2010-01-01

259

The Politics of Arabic Language Education: Moroccan Immigrant Children's Language Socialization into Ethnic and Religious Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on issues of reproduction and the manufacturing of national/ethnic and religious identities in the deterritorialized space of the Moroccan immigrant diaspora. More specifically, this paper examines Moroccan immigrant children's language socialization into pan-Arabic and Islamic identities in relation to the teaching of the…

Garcia-Sanchez, Inmaculada M.

2010-01-01

260

Age-Related Left Ventricular Remodeling and Associated Risk for Cardiovascular Outcomes: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis  

PubMed Central

Background Age-related alterations of left ventricular (LV) structure and function that may predispose to cardiovascular events are not well understood. Methods and Results We used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examine age-related differences in LV structure and function in 5004 participants without overt cardiovascular disease when enrolled in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis; 1099 participants received additional strain analyses by MRI tagging. We also assessed the relation of age-associated remodeling with cardiovascular outcomes using Cox proportional hazard models adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors. Although LV mass decreased with age (?0.3 g per year), the mass-to-volume ratio markedly increased (+5 mg/mL per year, p<0.0001), driven by a substantial reduction in end-diastolic volume (?0.8 mL per year, p<0.0001). Age was also associated with a significant fall in stroke volume (?0.4 mL per year, p<0.0001) along with strain patterns reflecting systolic (p<0.0001) as well as diastolic (p<0.01) myocardial dysfunction – despite a modestly enhanced ejection fraction (+0.1% per year, p<0.0001). Increased mass-to-volume ratio conferred a significant risk for total cardiovascular events; this trend was strongest among younger (<65 years, HR 3.69 [CI 1.34–10.10]) versus older (?65 years, HR 1.68 [CI 0.77–3.68]) individuals with the highest compared to lowest mass-to-volume ratio quintile (Pinteraction=0.013). Conclusion Age is associated with a phenotype of LV remodeling marked by increased mass-to-volume ratio and accompanied by systolic, as well as diastolic, myocardial dysfunction that is not reflected by preserved ejection fraction. This pattern of ventricular remodeling confers significant cardiovascular risk, particularly when present earlier in life.

Cheng, Susan; Fernandes, Veronica R. S.; Bluemke, David A.; McClelland, Robyn L.; Kronmal, Richard A.; Lima, Joao A.C.

2009-01-01

261

Drugs Education and Prevention for School-Aged Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drug misuse in Northern Ireland, like many parts of the world, is becoming one of the major issues facing society today. A first stage to addressing this problem is effective drugs education and prevention strategies to school-aged young people. A survey of a range of education providers including mainstream and special needs schools, and school…

McCrystal, Patrick; Winning, Kerry

2009-01-01

262

Digital Citizenship Means Character Education for the Digital Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reality of students' cyber lives has thrust upon educators a new approach: creating character education programs tuned to digital youth that are both proactive and aggressive. Taking this approach will help integrate students' digital activities within the context of the communities in which they live, both local and digital. The digital age

Ohler, Jason

2011-01-01

263

Digital Citizenship Means Character Education for the Digital Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reality of students' cyber lives has thrust upon educators a new approach: creating character education programs tuned to digital youth that are proactive and aggressive. This will help integrate students' digital activities within the context of the communities in which they live, both local and digital. The digital age beckons a new era of…

Ohler, Jason

2012-01-01

264

Education, Schooling and Young Offenders of Secondary School Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article outlines the evidence about education, schooling and young offenders of secondary school age. Education and experiences of schooling are shown to be potentially risk or protective factors in relation to offending behaviour by young people. The victimisation and vulnerability of more serious young offenders is highlighted in the case…

Hayden, Carol

2008-01-01

265

Education to Promote Positive Attitudes about Aging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This longitudinal study examined what a one-time intervention about aging does to the attitudes of high-school students toward aging. Early findings from the study support previous research that indicates ageist attitudes formed in early childhood become difficult to change as children reach adolescence. This research further supports the need…

Klein, Diane; Council, Kathy; Mcguire, Sandra

2005-01-01

266

Common femoral vein dimensions and hemodynamics including Valsalva response as a function of sex, age, and ethnicity in a population study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: In this study we assessed the normal common femoral vein (CFV) dimensions and related hemodynamics in a cohort assembled to permit contrasts by means of sex, age, and ethnicity. Methods: The CFV diameter and the flow velocity were analyzed by means of duplex ultrasonography at rest and with a standardized Valsalva maneuver, with the subject in a 15% reverse

Arnost Fronek; Michael H. Criqui; Julie Denenberg; Robert D. Langer

2001-01-01

267

Sex, Age, and Race/Ethnicity Do Not Modify the Effectiveness of a Diet Intervention among Family Members of Hospitalized Cardiovascular Disease Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To determine whether effectiveness of a diet intervention for family members of cardiovascular disease patients varies by participant sex, race/ethnicity, or age because these characteristics have been associated with unique barriers to diet change. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting and Participants: University medical…

Mochari-Greenberger, Heidi; Terry, Mary Beth; Mosca, Lori

2011-01-01

268

The Role of Ethnicity in the Higher Education Institution Selection Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Changes in the higher education landscape have led to many higher education institutions reassessing their recruitment and marketing strategies. A proper understanding of the relative importance of the choice factors that prospective students consider when selecting a higher education institution will enable higher education administrators and…

Jordaan, Y.; Wiese, M.

2010-01-01

269

Higher Education in the Information Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book of 16 author-contributed chapters examines issues of the media and public institutions of higher education including: the media ranking of universities and their contribution to low expectations of universities; the disjunction between massive support for college and university sports events and the intellectual and presumed academic…

Dennis, Everette E., Ed.; LaMay, Craig L., Ed.

270

Science Education in a Secular Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A college science education instructor tells his students he rejects evolution. What should we think? The scene unfolds in one of the largest urban centers in the world. If we are surprised, why? Expanding on Federica Raia's (2012) first-hand experience with this scenario, I broaden her discussion by considering the complexity of science…

Long, David E.

2013-01-01

271

Art Education in the Age of Guantanamo  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Censorship exists in institutions where art exists, and also where art education exists. In fall 2005, a group of instructors and the author taught a group project with a political theme--peace. In this article, she examines institutionalized censorship within schools, and the ramifications of teaching the subject of peace in a time of war.…

Pistolesi, Edie

2007-01-01

272

Drama Education in the Age of AIDS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article arose out of my involvement in an undergraduate drama module at the School of Education, University of KwaZulu-Natal, where I made use of workshop theatre methodologies to explore how second-year drama students construct knowledge and develop sociocultural understandings of critical issues in society. The workshop theatre project…

Singh, Lorraine

2012-01-01

273

MULTI-ETHNIC REFERENCE VALUES FOR SPIROMETRY FOR THE 3-95 YEAR AGE RANGE: THE GLOBAL LUNG FUNCTION 2012 EQUATIONS  

PubMed Central

Objective Derive continuous prediction equations and their lower limits of normal for spirometric indices, which are applicable globally. Material Over 160,000 data points from 72 centres in 33 countries were shared with the European Respiratory Society Global Lung Function Initiative. Eliminating data that could not be used (mostly missing ethnic group, some outliers) left 97,759 records of healthy nonsmokers (55.3% females) aged 2.5–95 years. Methods Lung function data were collated, and prediction equations derived using the LMS (?, µ, ?) method, which allows simultaneous modelling of the mean (mu), the coefficient of variation (sigma) and skewness (lambda) of a distribution family. Results After discarding 23,572 records, mostly because they could not be combined with other ethnic or geographic groups, reference equations were derived for healthy individuals from 3–95 years for Caucasians (N=57,395), African Americans (N=3,545), and North (N=4,992) and South East Asians (N=8,255). FEV1 and FVC between ethnic groups differed proportionally from that in Caucasians, such that FEV1/FVC remained virtually independent of ethnic group. For individuals not represented by these four groups, or of mixed ethnic origins, a composite equation taken as the average of the above equations is provided to facilitate interpretation until a more appropriate solution is developed. Conclusion Spirometric prediction equations for the 3–95 age range are now available that include appropriate age-dependent lower limits of normal. They can be applied globally to different ethnic groups. Additional data from the Indian subcontinent, Arab, Polynesian, Latin American countries, and Africa will further improve these equations in the future.

Quanjer, Philip H.; Stanojevic, Sanja; Cole, Tim J.; Baur, Xaver; Hall, Graham L.; Culver, Bruce H.; Enright, Paul L.; Hankinson, John L.; Ip, Mary S.M.; Zheng, Jinping; Stocks, Janet

2013-01-01

274

Ethnicity, Aging, and Support Among Dutch Canadians: A Study of Community in Two Generations of Catholics and Calvinists  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study deals with intra-ethnic differences in social support and ethnic identity retention among first- and second-generation Dutch-Canadian Catholics and Calvinists. It builds on the author's 1990 MA thesis, which dealt with the experiences of 99 older Dutch immigrants. We are especially interested in now ethnicity and religion influence the establishment of community and the types of social support given

Joanne van Dijk

1996-01-01

275

Ethnicity, aging, and support among Dutch Canadians: A study of community in two generations of Catholics and Calvinists  

Microsoft Academic Search

his study deals with intra-ethnic differences in social support and ethnic identity retention among first- and second-generation Dutch-Canadian Catholics and Calvinists. It builds on the author's 1990 MA thesis, which dealt with the experiences of 99 older Dutch immigrants. We are especially interested in how ethnicity and religion influence the establishment of community and the types of social support given

Joanne Van Dijk

1996-01-01

276

Effects of ethnicity and child's age on maternal judgements of children's transgressions against persons and property.  

PubMed

Mothers (N = 256) of four different cultural groups judged the culpability of children whose actions were described in Piaget-type stories depicting commission of harm under various conditions. Child's age, harm to persons vs material objects, intentions, and amount of harm were systematically varied. All main effects (culture, intent of transgressor, age, and magnitude of harm) were significant, but several effects were qualified interactions. A cognitive social learning explanation is proposed to account for group differences in judgement, with special attention to cultural differences in values attached to harm to persons vs damage to property. PMID:7150430

Henderson, R W; Brody, G H; Lane, T S; Parra, E

1982-06-01

277

Maternal Education and Excessive Gestational Weight Gain in New York City, 1999-2001: The Effect of Race/Ethnicity and Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status.  

PubMed

To examine the association between maternal education and excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG) and whether this association differs by maternal race/ethnicity and neighborhood socio-economic status (SES). A sample of 56,911 New York City births between 1999 and 2001 was used. Self-reported EGWG was defined as gaining >40 pounds. Maternal education and race/ethnicity were obtained from birth record data. Neighborhood SES was determined from 2000 US Census data. Women with a high school [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.21; 95 % CI 1.10-1.32] and some college (PR = 1.33; 95 % CI 1.21-1.47) education were more likely to gain excessive weight during pregnancy than their counterparts with less than a high school education. Having a college or more education was associated with a decreased EGWG for non-Hispanic white women (PR = 0.81; 95 % CI 0.67-0.96) but an increased EGWG for Hispanic women (PR = 1.25; 95 % CI 1.12-1.44). EGWG increased for women with a college or more education in medium and low SES neighborhoods (1.26; 95 % CI 1.04-1.53 and 1.20; 95 % CI 1.10-1.30, respectively); whereas a college or more education was not significant in the high SES neighborhoods. Our findings suggest that maternal education is associated with EGWG. However, this association depends on race/ethnicity and SES of the neighborhood of residence. PMID:23456346

Huynh, Mary; Borrell, Luisa N; Chambers, Earle C

2013-03-01

278

The New Compulsory Schooling Age Policy in NSW, Australia: Ethnicity, Ability and Gender Considerations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The new schooling-leaving age policy in New South Wales, a state in Australia, requires all students to stay at school until they are 17 years old. The policy was introduced in January 2010, with little warning and, it appears, little consideration of its impact in complex contexts. In south-western Sydney, the most diverse region in the city,…

Reid, Carol; Young, Helen

2012-01-01

279

Racial discrimination and psychological distress: The impact of ethnic identity and age among immigrant and United States–born Asian adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between racial and ethnic discrimination and psychological distress was examined among 2,047 Asians (18 to 75 years of age) in the National Latino and Asian American Study, the first-ever nationally representative study of mental health among Asians living in the United States. Stratifying the sample by age in years (i.e., 18 to 30, 31 to 40, 41 to

Tiffany Yip; Gilbert C. Gee; David T. Takeuchi

2008-01-01

280

Consumer Education in an Age of Adaptation. Educator Resource Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to serve as a reference and resource, this publication contains ideas and information to help teachers modify content and teaching methods to assist students in coping with the changing marketplace. Part 1 of the guide lists educational objectives for these major content areas: (1) The Consumer and the Economy, (2) Values and Goals, (3)…

Campbell, Sally R.

281

[Active aging promotion and education for health].  

PubMed

Some years ago, the phenomenon of demographic aging started an intense debate about its supposed negatives effects on the economic progress of a population. Health advances and improved living conditions have gradually increased the health level the elderly have, embellishing the initial perspectives; the elderly live more years but, moreover, they have a better quality of life. For the WHO, to favor an active aging process presents a challenge, avoiding incapacities and dependencies, the real causes of the increase in social-health costs. Following the guidelines established by the II World Assembly on Aging, last year our country passed the Action Plan for Elderly People 2003-2007; this plan contemplates as one of its objectives "Promote the autonomy and the full and active participation by the elderly people in the community" and points out that the strategy to achieve this objective consists in "pushing the measures which Promote Health". PMID:15366454

Aparicio Alonso, Concepción

282

Ethnicity in the Electronic Age: Looking at the Internet Through Multicultural Lens  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently released by the Worldwide Cultural Access Group, this 40-page report is based on a study of online attitudes and practices among African-Americans, Hispanics, and the general market. The study finds that African-Americans and Hispanics use the Internet for different purposes than the general market. The former are more likely to use the Web for career advancement and professional development, education, family and relationships, and entertainment, while the latter are more likely to use the Internet as a major source of news. Both African-Americans and Hispanics were less likely to search for financial or technological information online, but they were also more concerned than other users about the impact of the Internet on children and families. Readers can download the full text of the report at the above URL.

2001-01-01

283

Do Domestic Educations Even Out the Playing Field? Ethnic Labor Market Gaps in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of investing in host country-specific human capital such as domestic language proficiency and domestic education is often cited as a determining factor for the labor market success of immigrants. This suggests that entirely domestic educations should even out the playing field providing equal labor market opportunities for natives and immigrants with similar (domestic) educations. This study follows a

Lena Nekby; Roger Vilhelmsson; Gülay Özcan

2007-01-01

284

Increasing the Number of Ethnically Diverse Faculty in Special Education Programs: Issues and Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many universities are grappling with the issue of diversifying the faculty lines in higher education. While this appears to be a global issue across disciplines, those of us who are in special education may find it to be of greater concern because special education legislation, the Individuals with disabilities Act (IDEA) strongly supports…

Dooley, Elizabeth A.

2003-01-01

285

Comparison of clinicopathologic features and survival in young American women aged 18-39 years in different ethnic groups with breast cancer.  

PubMed

Background:Ethnic disparities in breast cancer diagnoses and disease-specific survival (DSS) rates in the United States are well known. However, few studies have assessed differences specifically between Asians American(s) and other ethnic groups, particularly among Asian American(s) subgroups, in women aged 18-39 years.Methods:The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was used to identify women aged 18-39 years diagnosed with breast cancer from 1973 to 2009. Incidence rates, clinicopathologic features, and survival among broad ethnic groups and among Asian subgroups.Results:A total of 55?153 breast cancer women aged 18-39 years were identified: 63.6% non-Hispanic white (NHW), 14.9% black, 12.8% Hispanic-white (HW), and 8.7% Asian. The overall incidence rates were stable from 1992 to 2009. Asian patients had the least advanced disease at presentation and the lowest risk of death compared with the other groups. All the Asian subgroups except the Hawaiian/Pacific Islander subgroup had better DSS than NHW, black, and HW patients. Advanced tumour stage was associated with poorer DSS in all the ethnic groups. High tumour grade was associated with poorer DSS in the NHW, black, HW, and Chinese groups. Younger age at diagnosis was associated with poorer DSS in the NHW and black groups.Conclusion:The presenting clinical and pathologic features of breast cancer differ by ethnicity in the United States, and these differences impact survival in women younger than 40 years. PMID:23907433

Liu, P; Li, X; Mittendorf, E A; Li, J; Du, X L; He, J; Ren, Y; Yang, J; Hunt, K K; Yi, M

2013-08-01

286

The Couple that Prays Together: Race and Ethnicity, Religion, and Relationship Quality among Working-Age Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A substantial body of research has shown that relationship quality tends to be (a) lower among racial and ethnic minorities and (b) higher among more religious persons and among couples in which partners share common religious affiliations, practices, and beliefs. However, few studies have examined the interplay of race or ethnicity and religion…

Ellison, Christopher G.; Burdette, Amy M.; Wilcox, W. Bradford

2010-01-01

287

Education for Aging. A Teacher's Sourcebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This sourcebook contains background readings for teachers and suggests learning activities and resources for teaching about aging at the secondary level. During the lifetimes of present students, the population 65 and over will grow from 11% to 20%. Most children now in school will live well beyond their 70th birthday. There is, therefore, a…

Pratt, Fran

288

Influence of body weight, ethnicity, oral contraceptives, and pregnancy on the pharmacokinetics of azithromycin in women of childbearing age.  

PubMed

Women of childbearing age commonly receive azithromycin for the treatment of community-acquired infections, including during pregnancy. This study determined azithromycin pharmacokinetics in pregnant and nonpregnant women and identified covariates contributing to pharmacokinetic variability. Plasma samples were collected by using a sparse-sampling strategy from pregnant women at a gestational age of 12 to 40 weeks and from nonpregnant women of childbearing age receiving oral azithromycin for the treatment of an infection. Pharmacokinetic data from extensive sampling conducted on 12 healthy women were also included. Plasma samples were assayed for azithromycin by high-performance liquid chromatography. Population data were analyzed by nonlinear mixed-effects modeling. The population analysis included 53 pregnant and 25 nonpregnant women. A three-compartment model with first-order absorption and a lag time provided the best fit of the data. Lean body weight, pregnancy, ethnicity, and the coadministration of oral contraceptives were covariates identified as significantly influencing the oral clearance of azithromycin and, except for oral contraceptive use, intercompartmental clearance between the central and second peripheral compartments. No other covariate relationships were identified. Compared to nonpregnant women not receiving oral contraceptives, a 21% to 42% higher dose-adjusted azithromycin area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) occurred in non-African American women who were pregnant or receiving oral contraceptives. Conversely, azithromycin AUCs were similar between pregnant African American women and nonpregnant women not receiving oral contraceptives. Although higher levels of maternal and fetal azithromycin exposure suggest that lower doses be administered to non-African American women during pregnancy, the consideration of azithromycin pharmacodynamics during pregnancy should guide any dose adjustments. PMID:22106226

Fischer, James H; Sarto, Gloria E; Habibi, Mitra; Kilpatrick, Sarah J; Tuomala, Ruth E; Shier, Janice M; Wollett, Lori; Fischer, Patricia A; Khorana, Kinnari S; Rodvold, Keith A

2011-11-21

289

Influence of Body Weight, Ethnicity, Oral Contraceptives, and Pregnancy on the Pharmacokinetics of Azithromycin in Women of Childbearing Age  

PubMed Central

Women of childbearing age commonly receive azithromycin for the treatment of community-acquired infections, including during pregnancy. This study determined azithromycin pharmacokinetics in pregnant and nonpregnant women and identified covariates contributing to pharmacokinetic variability. Plasma samples were collected by using a sparse-sampling strategy from pregnant women at a gestational age of 12 to 40 weeks and from nonpregnant women of childbearing age receiving oral azithromycin for the treatment of an infection. Pharmacokinetic data from extensive sampling conducted on 12 healthy women were also included. Plasma samples were assayed for azithromycin by high-performance liquid chromatography. Population data were analyzed by nonlinear mixed-effects modeling. The population analysis included 53 pregnant and 25 nonpregnant women. A three-compartment model with first-order absorption and a lag time provided the best fit of the data. Lean body weight, pregnancy, ethnicity, and the coadministration of oral contraceptives were covariates identified as significantly influencing the oral clearance of azithromycin and, except for oral contraceptive use, intercompartmental clearance between the central and second peripheral compartments. No other covariate relationships were identified. Compared to nonpregnant women not receiving oral contraceptives, a 21% to 42% higher dose-adjusted azithromycin area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) occurred in non-African American women who were pregnant or receiving oral contraceptives. Conversely, azithromycin AUCs were similar between pregnant African American women and nonpregnant women not receiving oral contraceptives. Although higher levels of maternal and fetal azithromycin exposure suggest that lower doses be administered to non-African American women during pregnancy, the consideration of azithromycin pharmacodynamics during pregnancy should guide any dose adjustments.

Habibi, Mitra; Kilpatrick, Sarah J.; Tuomala, Ruth E.; Shier, Janice M.; Wollett, Lori; Fischer, Patricia A.; Khorana, Kinnari S.; Rodvold, Keith A.

2012-01-01

290

Native Mascots and Ethnic Fraud in Higher Education: Using Tribal Critical Race Theory and the Interest Convergence Principle as an Analytic Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines one university's policies regarding Native mascots and ethnic fraud through a Tribal Critical Race Theory analytic lens. Using the principle of interest convergence, we argue that institutions of higher education allow and even work actively towards a particular form or level of diversity, but they do not extend it far…

Castagno, Angelina E.; Lee, Stacey J.

2007-01-01

291

Native Mascots and Ethnic Fraud in Higher Education: Using Tribal Critical Race Theory and the Interest Convergence Principle as an Analytic Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines one university's policies regarding Native mascots and ethnic fraud through a Tribal Critical Race Theory analytic lens. Using the principle of interest convergence, we argue that institutions of higher education allow and even work actively towards a particular form or level of diversity, but they do not extend it far…

Castagno, Angelina E.; Lee, Stacey J.

2007-01-01

292

‘You’ve got to be tough and I’m trying’: Black and minority ethnic student teachers’ experiences of initial teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst Black and minority ethnic (BME) recruitment to initial teacher education (ITE) in the UK is increasing, completion rates are lower than for White students, and this study reports the experiences of BME student teachers on a primary postgraduate programme that had been particularly successful in increasing recruitment of BME students. Amongst some positive experiences, they report concerns about social

Chris Wilkins; Rajinder Lall

2011-01-01

293

Cultural, Ethnic Differences and Educational Achievement of African Heritage Students: Towards Employing a Culturally Sensitive Curriculum in K-12 Classrooms: A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For a long time, researchers have reported on the low academic performances of Black Americans in comparison to other minorities and non-minorities. During this time, there have been debates over the causes of the differences in education achievement between the various sub groups (i.e. ethnic subgroups) of students studied. The purpose of this…

Pinder, Patrice Juliet

2008-01-01

294

Native Mascots and Ethnic Fraud in Higher Education: Using Tribal Critical Race Theory and the Interest Convergence Principle as an Analytic Tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines one university's policies regarding Native mascots and ethnic fraud through a Tribal Critical Race Theory analytic lens. Using the principle of interest convergence, we argue that institutions of higher education allow and even work actively towards a particular form or level of diversity, but they do not extend it far enough. Once racial remedies no longer hold

Angelina E. Castagno; Stacey J. Lee

2007-01-01

295

An Analysis of the Impact of Parent Education Level and Family Income on the Academic Achievement of Students of Hispanic and White Ethnicities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of the socioeconomic factors of parent education level and family income on the academic achievement of students of Hispanic and white ethnicities. Scaled scores from the 2009 administration of the California Standards Tests in English language arts and mathematics and matched demographic…

Siegel, Scott M.

2011-01-01

296

Body size of newborns in relation to mother's ethnicity and education: a pilot study from Vilnius City (Lithuania), 2005-2010.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to analyse body size indices of newborns in Vilnius city (Lithuania) during 2005-2010 in relation with mother's education and ethnicity, and in parallel with the changes of socio-economic situation during the recent years. The present results were based on data (N = 18,084) from the Vilnius University Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Comparison of the present Lithuanian data with other newborn studies was made. The analysis of socio-economic and demographic indicators of Lithuania, and the comparison of Gross Domestic Product of various countries was performed. The comparison of body size of newborns' data from the different countries showed that Lithuanian newborns were among the biggest babies. Some statistically significant differences in body size of newborns from different ethnic groups were established. Body length of Lithuanian newborns (M = 52.6 cm, SD = 2.5) was higher than length of Russian, Ukrainian and Romanian newborns. Body weight of Lithuanian newborns (M = 3511 g, SD = 485) was bigger than birth weight of Russian, Polish, Ukrainian and Romanian newborns. The analysis of newborns size by mother's education showed that body weight of neonates from mothers with the university education and from each other education group was bigger in comparison with the babies from respectively lower education group. The comparison of newborns weight by mother's ethnicity in relation to education level revealed nearly no discrepancies between size of newborns from mothers with the same education level at different ethnic group. The analysis of birth parameters by year has not established a statistically significant difference between the mean values for the body weight and body length of the whole investigated contingent of the full-term, single-birth newborns from Vilnius city during the 2005-2010. However, the tendency has been revealed that newborns from mothers with lower education were the most susceptible to negative economic changes after the 2008. PMID:21957649

Tutkuviene, Janina; Morkuniene, Ruta; Bartkute, Karolina; Drazdiene, Nijole

2011-01-01

297

Efficacy of an intensive home-based educational intervention programme for 4- to 6-year-old ethnic minority children in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of an intensive home-based educational intervention programme for 4- to 6-year-old children at risk of educational failure. The programme, Opstap Opnieuw (“Step-up Anew”), was developed in the Netherlands as an alternative to the well-known HIPPY-programme, of which a Dutch version was carried out in the early 1990s for ethnic minority groups, without apparent success. Building

Cathy van Tuijl; Paul P. M. Leseman; Jan Rispens

2001-01-01

298

Age and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of reported symptoms in human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons on antiretroviral therapy.  

PubMed

Few studies have evaluated age and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of symptoms in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of gastrointestinal, metabolic, general malaise, neurologic, or other self-reported symptoms by age and race/ethnicity among 1574 HIV-infected women enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study and 955 HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. All patients had known dates of initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy. It was observed that women aged 50 years or more were less likely to experience gastrointestinal symptoms (24% vs. 27%; multivariable P=0.024), but more likely to experience general malaise (47% vs. 37%; multivariable P=0.004), neurologic (44% vs. 38%; multivariable P=0.048), or other symptoms (40% vs. 28%; multivariable P<0.001) compared with women less than 40 years of age. Only neurologic symptoms had a higher prevalence among older MSM (52% vs. 37%; multivariable P=0.002), largely driven by paresthesias (48% vs. 31%; multivariable P=0.004), the most common individual symptom reported by men. Caucasian women generally had the highest prevalence of symptoms, and African American women had the lowest prevalence. Few racial/ethnic differences were noted for MSM. Depression and a prior diagnosis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome were the strongest and most consistent predictors of clinical symptoms in both cohorts. In summary, the prevalence of reported symptoms varies with patient race/ethnicity, age, and modifiable factors, such as depression and HIV disease stage. Clinicians should consider these factors when counseling patients regarding potential adverse effects of antiretrovirals or symptoms associated with HIV disease. PMID:19329274

Silverberg, Michael J; Jacobson, Lisa P; French, Audrey L; Witt, Mallory D; Gange, Stephen J

2009-03-28

299

Ethnic Identity and Power: Cultural Contexts of Political Action in School and Society. SUNY Series, Power, Social Identity, and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The essays in this collection provide insights into the dilemmas faced by immigrants and ethnic minorities and by school personnel and policy makers. The first part of the book consists of comparative studies of ethnic identity, and the second part focuses on some lessons learned from studies of ethnic identification and equity, with implications…

Zou, Yali, Ed.; Trueba, Enrique T., Ed.

300

Ethnic Identity and Power: Cultural Contexts of Political Action in School and Society. SUNY Series, Power, Social Identity, and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection provide insights into the dilemmas faced by immigrants and ethnic minorities and by school personnel and policy makers. The first part of the book consists of comparative studies of ethnic identity, and the second part focuses on some lessons learned from studies of ethnic identification and equity, with implications…

Zou, Yali, Ed.; Trueba, Enrique T., Ed.

301

Ethnic Disparities in Special Education Labeling among Children with Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined disparities in special education labeling among children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by merging calendar year 2002 special education records and Medicaid mental health claims for 4,852 children who had been diagnosed with ADHD in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Thirty-eight percent were receiving…

Mandell, David S.; Davis, Jasmine K.; Bevans, Katherine; Guevara, James P.

2008-01-01

302

The Ethnic and the Intercultural in Conceptual and Pedagogical Discourses within Higher Education in Oaxaca, Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents some reflections about pedagogical and conceptual approaches to intercultural education (in middle high and high schools) in Mexico. The propositions under discussion are expressions of an emerging educational discourse between the highest levels of government and the self-management initiatives of the indigenous pueblos and…

Gonzalez Apodaca, Erika

2009-01-01

303

Higher Education and Desirable Work: Open Admissions and Ethnic and Gender Differences in Job Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the influence of higher educational credentials on the two work qualities of job authority and work complexity, and asks whether education provides white and minority men and women comparable access to jobs involving such work. Findings are based on a follow-up study of 3,525 Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites who attended the City…

Hyllegard, David; Lavin, David E.

304

Educational Needs of Alaska. A Summary by Region and Ethnic Group, 1972-73.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1972 Worldwide Education and Research Institute conducted a statewide needs assessment in Alaska. Initially more than 2,000 Alaskans responded to an extensive questionnaire or interview about the State's schools. After gathering the data, 9 groups of representative Alaskans were convened for documenting and validating critical educational

World-Wide Education and Research Inst., Salt Lake City, UT.

305

Developmental Maturity Expectations of Israeli Fathers and Mothers: Effects of Education, Ethnic Origin, and Religiosity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated expectations of maturity in children among 380 Israeli Jewish fathers and mothers of 6-month-old infants. Subjects were administered a questionnaire which included items reflecting three developmental domains: Cognitive Maturity, Biosocial Maturity, and Social Autonomy. Regarding Cognitive Maturity mothers had earlier expectations than fathers, intermediate and higher educated parents had earlier expectations than lower educated and nonreligious (Secular)

Ivonne Kleinfeld Mansbach; Charles W. Greenbaum

1999-01-01

306

Multicultural Contacts in Education: A Case Study of an Exchange Project between Different Ethnic Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One important aim of citizenship education is learning to deal with cultural diversity. To this end, schools organise exchange projects to bring students into contact with different social and cultural groups. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of intergroup contact in educational settings and to understand what the most…

Schuitema, Jaap; Veugelers, Wiel

2011-01-01

307

Multicultural contacts in education: a case study of an exchange project between different ethnic groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

One important aim of citizenship education is learning to deal with cultural diversity. To this end, schools organise exchange projects to bring students into contact with different social and cultural groups. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of intergroup contact in educational settings and to understand what the most favourable conditions are. The paper discusses a

Jaap Schuitema; Wiel Veugelers

2011-01-01

308

Effects of Motivation on Educational Attainment: Ethnic and Developmental Differences among First-Generation Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated differences in educational motivation among Hispanic and non-Hispanic first-generation students (FGS). Participants were 315 high school and college students who completed a revised academic motivation survey that measured participants' educational motivation (intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation).…

Propero, Moises; Russell, Amy Catherine; Vohra-Gupta, Shetal

2012-01-01

309

Students' Perception of the "Others" in Ethnic Separated School Systems: Implications for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article analyzes qualitative data obtained from focus groups with students learning in schools with a majority and minority language of instruction from Estonia, Latvia, Romania, and Slovakia. The focus groups were developed within the framework of the project "Divided Education, Divided Citizens?" conducted by the Network of Education

Nedelcu, Anca; Iucu, Romita; Ciolan, Lucian

2011-01-01

310

Church Schools, Religious Education, and the Multi-Ethnic Community: A Reply to David Aspin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If there is a problem about giving a distinctively Anglican education to Muslim or Hindu children, then similar problems arise about the religious education of any child in any school who is also being brought up, either inside or outside school, as an adherent of a particular faith. (IS)|

Blake, Nigel

1983-01-01

311

Multicultural Contacts in Education: A Case Study of an Exchange Project between Different Ethnic Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One important aim of citizenship education is learning to deal with cultural diversity. To this end, schools organise exchange projects to bring students into contact with different social and cultural groups. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of intergroup contact in educational settings and to understand what the most…

Schuitema, Jaap; Veugelers, Wiel

2011-01-01

312

Educational Needs of Alaska. A Summary by Region and Ethnic Group, 1972-73.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During 1972 Worldwide Education and Research Institute conducted a statewide needs assessment in Alaska. Initially more than 2,000 Alaskans responded to an extensive questionnaire or interview about the State's schools. After gathering the data, 9 groups of representative Alaskans were convened for documenting and validating critical educational

World-Wide Education and Research Inst., Salt Lake City, UT.

313

The Office of Naval Research support underrepresented ethnic groups mentoring model redirecting science education: An  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the debate about education in general and science education in particular for every student continues world wide and in the United States of America, the debate points to an underrepresentation of and underachievement by African-Americans (Ferguson, 1981). Given the intent of access to scientific knowledge for every student, the value of scientific knowledge in our society and the fact

Elizabeth Garner-Williams

1998-01-01

314

Learning Reconsidered: Education in the Digital Age. Communications, Convergence and the Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes thoughts of seven educators on the place of digital communication in journalism and mass communication education. Discusses communication scholars and the professional field's readiness for the digital age. Notes educators' attitudes towards technology and technology's applications in education. (PM)|

Dennis, Everette E.; Meyer, Philip; Sundar, S. Shyam; Pryor, Larry; Rogers, Everett M.; Chen, Helen L.; Pavlik, John

2003-01-01

315

Age and education effects on relationships of cognitive test scores with brain structure in demographically diverse older persons.  

PubMed

This study examined how age and education influence the relationship between neuropsychological test scores and brain structure in demographically diverse older adults spanning the range from normal cognition to dementia. A sample of 351 African Americans, 410 Hispanics, and 458 Whites underwent neuropsychological testing. Volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of total brain, white matter hyperintensity, and hippocampus were available for 79 African Americans, 102 Hispanics, and 134 Whites. The authors used latent variable modeling to examine effects of age, education, and brain volumes on test scores and determine how much variance brain volumes explained in unadjusted and age- and education-adjusted scores. Age adjustment resulted in weaker relationships of test scores with MRI variables; adjustment for ethnicity yielded stronger relationships. Education adjustment increased relationships with MRI variables in the combined sample and Hispanics, made no difference in Whites, but decreased some associations in African Americans. Results suggest that demographic adjustment is beneficial when demographic variables are strongly related to test scores independent of measures of brain structure, but adjustment has negative consequences when effects of demographic characteristics are mediated by brain structure. PMID:19290743

Mungas, Dan; Reed, Bruce R; Farias, Sarah Tomaszewski; Decarli, Charles

2009-03-01

316

Relation of Demographic and Lifestyle Factors to Symptoms in a Multi Racial\\/Ethnic Population of Women 40-55 Years of Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

A community-based survey was conducted during 1995-1997 of factors related to menopausal and other symptoms in a multi-racial\\/ethnic sample of 16,065 women aged 40-55 years. Each of seven sites comprising the Study of Women's Health across the Nation (SWAN) surveyed one of four minority populations and a Caucasian population. The largest adjusted prevalence odds ratios for all symptoms, particularly hot

Ellen B. Gold; Barbara Sternfeld; Jennifer L. Kelsey; Charlotte Brown; Charles Mouton; Nancy Reame; Loran Salamone; Rebecca Stellato

317

Distribution of Traumatic and Other Stressful Life Events by Race\\/Ethnicity, Gender, SES and Age: A Review of the Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much research has shown that reports of stressful life events are related to a wide variety of psychiatric and physical health\\u000a outcomes. Relatively little research exists, however, on the distribution of the events according to gender, age, racial\\/ethnic\\u000a background, and socioeconomic status (SES). Such information would help identify groups at greatest risk for further investigation.\\u000a This paper presents a review

Stephani L. Hatch; Bruce P. Dohrenwend

2007-01-01

318

The Obesity Epidemic in the United States—Gender, Age, Socioeconomic, Racial\\/Ethnic, and Geographic Characteristics: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review of the obesity epidemic provides a comprehensive description of the current situation, time trends, and disparities across gender, age, socioeconomic status, racial\\/ethnic groups, and geographic regions in the United States based on national data. The authors searched studies published between 1990 and 2006. Adult overweight and obesity were defined by using body mass index (weight (kg)\\/height (m)2) cutpoints

Youfa Wang; May A. Beydoun

2007-01-01

319

School-Age Children: Poverty and Diversity Challenge Schools Nationwide. Testimony before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources and the Subcommittee on Education, Arts and Humanities, U.S. Senate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in the face of school-age America have profound implications for educational policy. As of 1990, 1 of 6 children lived in poverty, and a growing number were from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds. In addition, more than one in six of the nation's third graders changed schools frequently. This mobility is just one aspect of changing…

Morra, Linda G.

320

From Ethnic Segregation to Bilingual Education: What Can Bilingual Education Do for the Future of the Israeli Society?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In May 2006, a group of experts in language education from Europe, Canada and Israel gathered to discuss and reflect in a conference entitled: "Into the Future--Towards Bilingual Education in Israel." The conference, held at the University of Haifa, was initiated and organized by the Jewish-Arab Center and sponsored by the Zeit Stiftung from…

Hertz-Lazarowitz, Rachel; Mor-Sommerfeld, Aura; Zelniker, Tamar; Azaiza, Faisal

2008-01-01

321

Pilot educational program to enhance empowering patient education of school-age children with diabetes  

PubMed Central

Background Nurses have a crucial role in patient education of children with type 1 diabetes, but they often exhibit lack of knowledge of the patient education process. This study aimed to describe an educational program to enhance empowering patient education process for the blood glucose monitoring education of school-age children and nurses’ perceptions of using empowering techniques. Methods An empowering patient education process for the diabetes education of school-age children was developed. The researcher collected nurse’s perceptions of managing the educational program by semi-structured interviews. Ten nurses carried out the diabetes education, and 8 of them participated in the interview. Three nurses implemented the diabetes education twice and were interviewed twice. The data consisted of 11 descriptions of the blood glucose monitoring education. The interviewer analyzed the data deductively and inductively by content analysis. Results Nurses described successful managing of the empowering patient education process. The need assessment consisted of using multiple methods and clarifying the capabilities and challenges of children and their parents. Planning manifested itself in adequate preparation and multiple objectives stated together with the family. Implementation comprised the relevant content, and the use of suitable teaching materials and methods. Evaluation was performed with various methods and documented accurately. Nurses also faced some challenges related to management and leadership, ambivalence with traditional and empowering patient education, and families’ overall situation. Conclusion An example of developing evidence-based patient education program is presented, but besides education other factors supporting changes in work practices should be considered in further development.

2013-01-01

322

The Aerospace Age. Aerospace Education I. Instructional Unit II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide is prepared for the textbook entitled "The Aerospace Age," published in the Aerospace Education I series. The guide is organized by objectives, behavioral objectives, textbook outline, orientation, suggested key points, suggestions for teaching, instructional aids, projects, and further reading. Major points stressed in the…

Air Univ., Maxwell AFB, AL. Junior Reserve Office Training Corps.

323

Education Demand and Age at School Enrollment in Tanzania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Estimations of enrollment age and schooling duration for Tanzanian children revealed different patterns for boys and girls. Although girls have lower levels of education, they enroll earlier, either because of lower returns to preschool experience for girls or parental desire to prepare them for the marriage market as soon as possible. (SK)|

Bommier, Antoine; Lambert, Sylvie

2000-01-01

324

Educational Needs of Mental Health Administrators Serving the Aged.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of the literature and personal interviews with mental health administrators and other informed persons revealed that multiple inservice and preservice educational needs exist among administrators serving the aged in hospitals, nursing homes and other care facilities, mental health centers, and mental health associations. Specific…

Tindel, Connie

325

Media Arts: Arts Education for a Digital Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background/Context: New technologies have been largely absent in arts education curriculum even though they offer opportunities to address arts integration, equity, and the technological prerequisites of an increasingly digital age. This paper draws upon the emerging professional field of "media arts" and the ways in which youth use new…

Peppler, Kylie A.

2010-01-01

326

Effective Parenting Education through Age-Paced Newsletters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For more than 20 years, Cooperative Extension University and county faculty throughout the nation have made available an unusually parent-friendly series of educational newsletters. Monthly issues of the newsletters address information by age groups. Through local and state collaborations that often feature the county Extension office, hospitals,…

Walker, Susan K.; Nelson, Pat Tanner

2004-01-01

327

Special Education Forms. Volume 1: School-Age Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document comprises forms (and directions for their use) used in Oregon in conjunction with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for school-aged children. Forms are identified as either required or optional and are presented in a two-page format, with one page identifying the form, explaining its purposes, and providing…

Fink, Sandra; And Others

328

The New Age of Telecommunication: Setting the Context for Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This overview provides a technological context for the telecommunications age by describing existing and emerging systems--telephone, broadcasting, cable television, fiber optic, satellite, optical disk, and computer technology--and services available via these systems. It is suggested that educators need to become technologically literate and…

Wedemeyer, Dan J.

1986-01-01

329

Coming of Age. Canadian Adult Education in the 1960's.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of selected writings and speeches which document the developments in the Canadian adult education movement during the 1960's. The writings and speeches are presented in six sections as follow: (1) Introduction, (2) The Setting, (3) Organizing for Work, (4) Programs and Experiences, (5) The Learner, and (6) Coming of Age.…

Kidd, J. Roby, Ed.; Selman, Gordon R., Ed.

330

The Effect of Education on Age-Related Functional Activation During Working Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education has been suggested to play a protective role against the development of age-related dementias. Accordingly, we examined modulation of functional activation during working memory by age and education. Eight older individuals with a college education, six older individuals with a high school education, and eight younger individuals with a college education performed a working memory task during O [water

Marc W. Haut; Hiroto Kuwabara; Maria T. Moran; Sharon Leach; Robert Arias; David Knight

2005-01-01

331

Problematic Parents and the Community Parent Education: Representations of Social Class, Ethnicity, and Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author presents an analysis of the Swedish version of the Community Parent Education. The analysis was done by using Bacchi's (2009) policy analysis approach combined with an investigation of how social categories intersect in the material. The material consisted of the course leader manual and a DVD with 22 film sequences illustrating poor parenting. The author shows that in

Ulrika Widding

2011-01-01

332

Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities: Chapter 6--Postsecondary Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This chapter focuses on indicators of postsecondary participation, looking at the characteristics of students who enroll in postsecondary education, students who receive financial aid, and students who receive different levels of postsecondary degrees. Between 1976 and 2004, minority enrollments increased as a percentage of undergraduate…

KewalRamani, Angelina; Gilbertson, Lauren; Fox, Mary Ann

2007-01-01

333

The Effects of Poverty, Ethnicity, and Special Education Status on Louisiana School Performance Scores.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Louisiana high stakes testing program has raised questions about equity issues. Students from lower socioeconomic groups are less likely to have access to quality penetration tools, and, like minority students, are less likely to have knowledge and skills of their more affluent peers. Students in special education have needs that place them…

Lindsey, Sara J.; Fillippino, Tonja M.

334

Participation in Breast Cancer Genetic Counseling: The Influence of Educational Level, Ethnic Background, and Risk Perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetic counseling has been suggested as a means of providing information and support to women with a family history of breast cancer. Yet women who undergo cancer genetic counseling in the United States generally consist of only a subset of those at risk, namely well-educated, upper-middle class, European American and Jewish women. We report outcomes from a study that provided

Julie Culver; Wylie Burke; Yutaka Yasui; Sharon Durfy

2001-01-01

335

Education and Racial-Ethnic Differences in Types of Exercise in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Epidemiological research typically focuses on the intensity, frequency, or duration of physical activity, without consideration of the socially meaningful dimensions of exercise. The authors use data from the 1998 National Health Interview Survey (N = 17,455) and information on participation in 15 exercise behaviors to examine educational

Saint Onge, Jarron M.; Krueger, Patrick M.

2011-01-01

336

The effects of education, parental background and ethnic concentration on language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the acquisition of language capital of immigrants to Germany. The analysis is based on a detailed survey data set. Speaking abilities and writing abilities are investigated for both male and female migrants. The study has three main objectives. Firstly, to investigate in detail the effect of education on language acquisition. For this purpose, extensive information on pre-

Christian Dustmann

1997-01-01

337

Adolescents’ Educational Outcomes: Racial and Ethnic Variations in Peer Network Importance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little attention has been paid to the role of peer social capital in the school context, especially as a predictor of adolescents’\\u000a academic outcomes. This study uses a nationally representative (N = 13,738, female = 51%), longitudinal sample and multilevel models to examine how peer networks impact educational achievement\\u000a and attainment. Results reveal that, in addition to those factors typically associated with academic outcomes

Franklin Goza; Igor Ryabov

2009-01-01

338

Third-Age Education in Canada and Japan: Attitudes toward Aging and Participation in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lifelong learning is essential to participation in society, and presents important challenges for educational gerontology. This study compares Canadian and Japanese perspectives on (a) attitudes toward aging, (b) the learning needs of older adults, and (c) the role of centers of learning. Surveys were conducted of sample populations in two elder…

Hori, Shigeo; Cusack, Sandra

2006-01-01

339

Memory score discrepancies by healthy middle-aged and older individuals: the contributions of age and education.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine discrepancies between immediate/delayed recall and recall/working memory in middle-aged and older persons by age and education. Participants were 322 healthy individuals from the community who were stratified into three age and three education groups. Immediate and delayed recall distributions of WMS-III Logical Memory (LM) scores approximated normal curves, and LM savings scores showed a significant, but small, effect of age. LM (immediate, delayed) and Letter-Number Sequencing (LNS) discrepancies varied as a function of age and education. The difference between LM and LNS was not significant in the younger and less educated participants, but increased with age in the most educated group, and in the oldest group LNS exceeded LM (immediate and delayed). The results indicate deterioration in encoding and retrieval, rather than storage, with age, and show a differential, but small, effect of age and education on the memory measures. Working memory was resistant to age-related decline relative to immediate and delayed recall in the oldest, most educated group. Delayed recall-working memory discrepancy is relatively stable with age and education and may be a useful index of the onset of memory pathology across different ages and levels of education. PMID:19709456

Economou, Alexandra

2009-08-27

340

Reflection on Balanced Allocation of Fundamental Education Teachers in Poverty-Stricken Areas of Ethnic Minorities: Example of a Survey in the Tibetan Autonomous County of Tianzhu in Gansu Province  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Balanced allocation of fundamental education teachers is one of the most important ways to achieve the highest quality of compulsory education. It also guarantees an accelerated achievement of a balanced development of fundamental education. In poverty-stricken areas of ethnic minorities, unbalanced teacher allocation is a major factor that…

Yang, Jun

2006-01-01

341

Norms for Letter and Category Fluency: Demographic Corrections for Age, Education, and Ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Letter and category fluency tasks are used to assess semantic knowledge, retrieval ability, and executive functioning. They appear to be useful in detecting different types of dementia, but accurate detection of neuropsychological impairment relies on appropriate normative data. Multiple regression analysis was used to develop demographically corrected norms for letter and category fluency in 768 normal adults. T-score equations were

Julie Akiko Gladsjo; Catherine C. Schuman; Jovier D. Evans; Guerry M. Peavy; S. Walden Miller; Robert K. Heaton

1999-01-01

342

Culturally appropriate health education for Type 2 diabetes in ethnic minority groups: a systematic and narrative review of randomized controlled trials.  

PubMed

To determine if culturally appropriate health education is more effective than 'usual' health education for people with diabetes from ethnic minority groups living in high- and upper-middle-income countries. A systematic review with meta-analysis, following the methodology of the Cochrane Collaboration. Electronic literature searches of nine databases were made, with hand searching of three journals and 16 author contacts. The criteria for inclusion into the analysis were randomized controlled trials of a specified diabetes health education intervention, and a named ethnic minority group with Type 2 diabetes. Data were collected on HbA(1c), blood pressure, and quality-of-life measures. A narrative review was also performed. Few studies fitted the selection criteria, and were heterogeneous in methodologies and outcome measures, making meta-analysis difficult. HbA(1c) showed an improvement at 3 months [weighted mean difference (WMD) -0.32%, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.63, -0.01] and 6 months post intervention (WMD -0.60%, 95% CI -0.85, -0.35). Knowledge scores also improved in the intervention groups at 6 months (standardized mean difference 0.46, 95% CI 0.27, 0.65). There was only one longer-term follow-up study, and one formal cost-effectiveness analysis. Culturally appropriate health education was more effective than 'usual' health education in improving HbA(1c) and knowledge in the short to medium term. Due to poor standardization between studies, the data did not allow determination of the key elements of interventions across countries, ethnic groups and health systems, or a broad view of their cost-effectiveness. The narrative review identifies learning points to direct future research. PMID:20546277

Hawthorne, K; Robles, Y; Cannings-John, R; Edwards, A G K

2010-06-01

343

Five Paradigms of Ethnic Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that a major focus of contemporary U.S. education is the nature and character of interethnic relationships. Discusses five models of ethnic relations: (1) traditional Eurocentric Racism; (2) Melting Pot Assimilationism; (3) Ethnic Nationalism; (4) Globalism; and (5) Centered Pluralism. (CFR)

Janzen, Rod

1994-01-01

344

Ethnic Minorities IQ Data File.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The data for the Ethnic Minority I.Q. file was collected primarily from individual student records in schools and boards of education in communities across the country. Some of the data items collected were sex, date of birth, ethnicity of student and of ...

T. Sowell H. B. King

1975-01-01

345

Race/Ethnicity disparities in dysglycemia among u.s. Women of childbearing age found mainly in the nonoverweight/nonobese.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE To describe the burden of dysglycemia-abnormal glucose metabolism indicative of diabetes or high risk for diabetes-among U.S. women of childbearing age, focusing on differences by race/ethnicity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Using U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (1999-2008), we calculated the burden of dysglycemia (i.e., prediabetes or diabetes from measures of fasting glucose, A1C, and self-report) in nonpregnant women of childbearing age (15-49 years) by race/ethnicity status. We estimated prevalence risk ratios (PRRs) for dysglycemia in subpopulations stratified by BMI (measured as kilograms divided by the square of height in meters), using predicted marginal estimates and adjusting for age, waist circumference, C-reactive protein, and socioeconomic factors. RESULTS Based on data from 7,162 nonpregnant women, representing >59,000,000 women nationwide, 19% (95% CI 17.2-20.9) had some level of dysglycemia, with higher crude prevalence among non-Hispanic blacks and Mexican Americans vs. non-Hispanic whites (26.3% [95% CI 22.3-30.8] and 23.8% [19.5-28.7] vs. 16.8% [14.4-19.6], respectively). In women with BMI <25 kg/m(2), dysglycemia prevalence was roughly twice as high in both non-Hispanic blacks and Mexican Americans vs. non-Hispanic whites. This relative increase persisted in adjusted models (PRRadj 1.86 [1.16-2.98] and 2.23 [1.38-3.60] for non-Hispanic blacks and Mexican Americans, respectively). For women with BMI 25-29.99 kg/m(2), only non-Hispanic blacks showed increased prevalence vs. non-Hispanic whites (PRRadj 1.55 [1.03-2.34] and 1.28 [0.73-2.26] for non-Hispanic blacks and Mexican Americans, respectively). In women with BMI >30 kg/m(2), there was no significant increase in prevalence of dysglycemia by race/ethnicity category. CONCLUSIONS Our findings show that dysglycemia affects a significant portion of U.S. women of childbearing age and that disparities by race/ethnicity are most prominent in the nonoverweight/nonobese. PMID:23780951

Marcinkevage, Jessica A; Alverson, C J; Narayan, K M Venkat; Kahn, Henry S; Ruben, Julia; Correa, Adolfo

2013-06-18

346

Does the Relationship Between Poor Reading and Delinquency Hold for Males of Different Ages and Ethnic Groups?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines the relationship between reading and delinquency for three large community samples of first-, fourth-, and seventh-grade African-American and white boys. Reading was correlated with delinquency, independent of neighborhood, SES, ethnicity, and family involvement effects. Although more African-American boys were delinquent than white boys, the likelihood of delinquency for boys with lower reading performance was the same in

Eugene Maguin; Rolf Loeber; Paul G. LeMahieu

1993-01-01

347

Continuing Education for the Aged: a Survey of Needs and Interests of Older People  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the educational needs and interests of 86 retired persons participating in senior citizen center activities or living in residential centers for the aged. Two hypotheses were examined: That the aged prefer residential or senior citizen center educational activities to those offered in formal educational set tings, and that the aged perceive instrumental activities (compet ency areas designed

Roger P. Hiemstra

1972-01-01

348

Explaining the effect of ethnic group on weight concern: finding a role for family values  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of ethnic group on aspects of weight concern and to assess the role of family values in explaining this association.SUBJECTS AND MEASURES: 20 Asian and 20 white daughters gave a questionnaire to their mother, father and sibling closest in age, concerning their profile characteristics (age, education) values and beliefs and completed a matched questionnaire containing

J Ogden; A Chanana

1998-01-01

349

Relationships between Menopausal and Mood Symptoms and EEG Sleep Measures in a Multi-ethnic Sample of Middle-Aged Women: The SWAN Sleep Study  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: Examine associations of vasomotor and mood symptoms with visually scored and computer-generated measures of EEG sleep. Design: Cross-sectional analysis. Setting: Community-based in-home polysomnography (PSG). Participants: 343 African American, Caucasian, and Chinese women; ages 48–58 years; pre-, peri- or post-menopausal; participating in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation Sleep Study (SWAN Sleep Study). Interventions: None. Measurements and Results: Measures included PSG-assessed sleep duration, continuity, and architecture, delta sleep ratio (DSR) computed from automated counts of delta wave activity, daily diary-assessed vasomotor symptoms (VMS), questionnaires to collect mood (depression, anxiety) symptoms, medication, and lifestyle information, and menopausal status using bleeding criteria. Sleep outcomes were modeled using linear regression. Nocturnal VMS were associated with longer sleep time. Higher anxiety symptom scores were associated with longer sleep latency and lower sleep efficiency, but only in women reporting nocturnal VMS. Contrary to expectations, VMS and mood symptoms were unrelated to either DSR or REM latency. Conclusions: Vasomotor symptoms moderated associations of anxiety with EEG sleep measures of sleep latency and sleep efficiency and was associated with longer sleep duration in this multi-ethnic sample of midlife women. Citation: Kravitz HM; Avery E; Sowers MF; Bromberger JT; Owens JF; Matthews KA; Hall M; Zheng H; Gold EB; Buysse DJ. Relationships between menopausal and mood symptoms and Eeg sleep measures in a multi-ethnic sample of middle-aged women: the SWAN Sleep Study. SLEEP 2011;34(9):1221-1232.

Kravitz, Howard M.; Avery, Elizabeth; Sowers, MaryFran; Bromberger, Joyce T.; Owens, Jane F.; Matthews, Karen A.; Hall, Martica; Zheng, Huiyong; Gold, Ellen B.; Buysse, Daniel J.

2011-01-01

350

Ethnic stereotypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines present conceptualizations of stereotypes in psychology, and discusses theoretical approaches linking ethnic stereotypes to negative attitudes and discriminatory behavior. Research results concerning the content of ethnic stereotypes, their development and resistance to change, and the reciprocal nature of intergroup stereotypes are reviewed. Several critical issues, E.g., methodological problems and the \\

John C. Brigham

1971-01-01

351

Canadian ethnic fertility.  

PubMed

Investigates the relationship among ethnicity, education, and fertility for selected Canadian ethnic groups, introducing several extensions of Johnson's recent elaboration of Goldsheider and Uhlenberg's minority group status hypothesis. The findings suggest that among Asiatics and Germans the prevailing reproductive pattern is an assimilative one relative to the British majority group. Native Indians and Dutch maintain high levels of reproduction, but at post secondary school attainment their mean family sizes converge with the British. Ukrainian, Italian, and Jewish minorities experience below average fertility, and at high levels of education it is the British group which converges with the low fertility pattern of Jews and Italians. Ukrainians differ, as their fertility is consistently below the majority group, regardless of education level. PMID:12263436

Trovato, F

1981-01-01

352

Accelerated Reader: The Relation to Age of Entry into Formal Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Literature on age of entry into formal education is inconsistent at best in determining if early or late entry impacts the educational experience in positive or negative ways. The purpose of the current study was to add to the literature by examining the relationship between age of entry into formal education and participation in the Accelerated…

Long, Tiffani; Bonds-Raacke, Jennifer M.

2012-01-01

353

An exploratory examination of the relationships among emotional intelligence, elementary school science teacher self-efficacy, length of teaching experience, race/ethnicity, gender, and age  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among emotional intelligence, teacher self-efficacy, length of teaching experience, and age in a sample of south Texas public school teachers. Additionally, the study examined differences in emotional intelligence between male teachers and female teachers, and among African American, Hispanics, and White teachers. Participants were 180 elementary science teachers from south Texas public schools. The sample was made up of 14 (7.8%) males and 166 (92.2%) females. Regarding race/ethnicity, the study sample consisted of 31 (17.2%) African Americans (3 males and 28 females), 49 (27.2) Hispanics (7 males and 42 females), 98 (54.4%) Whites (3 males and 95 females), and 2 (1.1%) "Other" (1 male and 1 female). Participants ranged in age from 23 years to 65 years. Five hypotheses were proposed and tested to address the relationships under investigation. The study employed a mixed methods---correlational and causal-comparative---research design approach. Three instruments, the Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale (Mayer, Caruso, & Salovey, 1999), the Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument (Riggs & Enochs, 1990), and a demographics questionnaire were utilized to collect the data. An independent-measures t test, the Pearson r, and the one-way MANOVA were used to analyze the data. A Significant positive relationship was found between "emotional intelligence" and "teacher self-efficacy." Data analyses, however, failed to support hypothesized relationships between "emotional intelligence" and "length of teaching experience," and between "emotional intelligence" and "age". Additionally, statistical analyses of the data collected for this study supported predicted statistically significant differences in "emotional intelligence" between male and female teachers, and among the three race/ethnicity groupings. Based on these findings, recommendations for the application of the construct of "emotional intelligence" in Texas public schools are discussed.

Okech, Allan P.

354

Caregivers' Experience during Their Children's Transition Process from Early Childhood Special Education Services to School-Aged Special Education Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates caregivers' perceptions of the transition process for children transitioning from Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) to School Age Special Education services (SA). Interest in this topic developed during the researcher's 18 years of experience as an Itinerant Early Childhood Special Education Teacher during which she…

Hicks, Linda Yvonne

2011-01-01

355

Caring for an Aging Society: Issues and Strategies for Gerontology Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The monograph addresses the need in the United States for greater numbers of gerontology programs and education in the health care of, and human services for, an aging society. Statistical information is provided concerning the aging of America within the U.S. and the 15 Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) states as well as the aging of…

Denton, David R.

356

What Educational Opportunities Should Professionals in Aging Provide?: A Pilot Community Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the aging workforce and the increase of older adults, educational needs of the workforce in aging services are broadening. The pilot study used a survey to examine the types of educational opportunities and needs of professionals providing services to older adults in eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania. Respondents (25.9%) reported learning about aging through a bachelor's degree program, 29.6%

Daniel J. Van Dussen; Suzanne M. Leson

2010-01-01

357

Seven-Year Patterns in US Cigar Use Epidemiology Among Young Adults Aged 18-25 Years: A Focus on Race/Ethnicity and Brand  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined patterns in cigar use among young adults, aged 18–25 years, focusing on race/ethnicity and brand. Methods. We conducted a secondary data analysis of cross-sectional waves of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002–2008, using multivariate logistic regression to assess time trends in past 30 days cigar use, past 30 days use of a “top 5” cigar brand, cigar use intensity, and age at first cigar use. Results. Cigar use has increased among White non-Hispanic men aged 18 to 25 years, from 12.0% in 2002 to 12.7% in 2008. Common predictors of all outcomes included male gender and past 30 days use of cigarettes, marijuana, and blunts. Additional predictors of past 30 days cigar and “top 5” brand use included younger age, non-Hispanic Black or White race, lower income, and highest level of risk behavior. College enrollment predicted intensity of use and “top 5” brand use. Conclusions. Recent legislative initiatives have changed how cigars are marketed and may affect consumption. National surveys should include measures of cigar brand and little cigar and cigarillo use to improve cigar use estimates.

Mowery, Paul; Delnevo, Cristine; Allen, Jane A.; Sokol, Natasha; Byron, M. Justin; Thornton-Bullock, Amber

2011-01-01

358

Improving Ethnic Balance and Intergroup Relations; An Advisory Report to the Board of Education, Corona Unified School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report contains the findings of a field study of the ethnic and racial composition and intergroup relations in the schools in the Corona Unified School District, California. These findings are information on (1) the district's approaches to desegregation and its policy on intergroup relations, (2) students' achievement differences, (3)…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Intergroup Relations.

359

Gender, ethnicity, culture and social class influences on childhood obesity among Australian schoolchildren: implications for treatment, prevention and community education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to explore the associations between obesity, weight perceptions and gender, ethnicity, culture and social class in a large national study of Australian school children. Primary and high schools (N = 47) were recruited from every state and territory of Australia and included 7889 children from government, private and Catholic schools (82% response rate) in

Jennifer A. O'Dea; Diet MPH PI-ID

2008-01-01

360

Ethnicity Constructed and Reconstructed: the role of Sikh women in cultural elaboration and educational decision?making in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with the increased consciousness of the British Sikhs of their ethnicity as defined through their religious and cultural values—which have gone through a process of effervescence with increased settlement in Britain and especially after the army action at the Golden Temple in Amritsar in 1984. The thrust of the paper is that the construction of Sikh identities

Parminder Bhachu

1991-01-01

361

Analysis of Complex Patterns of Human Exposure and Immunity to Schistosomiasis mansoni: The Influence of Age, Sex, Ethnicity and IgE  

PubMed Central

Background Numerous factors may influence Schistosoma infection intensity and prevalence within endemic communities, including exposure-related factors such as local environment and behaviour, and factors relating to susceptibility to infection such as immunology and genetics. While animal studies performed in the laboratory can be tightly controlled, human populations are highly heterogeneous, varying according to demographic characteristics, genetic background and exposure to infection. The heterogeneous nature of human water contact behaviour in particular makes it difficult to distinguish between a lack of cercarial exposure and reduced susceptibility to infection as the cause for low levels of infection in the field. Methods and Principal Findings In this study we investigate risk factors for Schistosoma mansoni infection in a rural Ugandan fishing community receiving treatment as part of a multi-disciplinary longitudinal reinfection study. More specifically, we examine the influence that age, sex and ethnic background have on susceptibility to reinfection after anti-helminth drug treatment, but use individual estimates of cercarial exposure and multivariable methods in an attempt to remove noise created by environmental and behavioural heterogeneities. We then investigate whether schistosome-specific IgE immune responses could account for any remaining variations in susceptibility to reinfection. Our findings suggest that observed ethnic- and sex-related variations in S. mansoni reinfection were due to variations in cercarial exposure, as opposed to biological differences in susceptibility to infection. Age-related differences in reinfection were not explained by exposure, however, and appeared linked to the balance of IgE and IgG4 to the tegumental antigen SmTAL1 (formerly Sm22.6), which itself was significantly related to resistance to reinfection. Conclusions This study highlights the benefit of taking a multidisciplinary approach in complex field settings; it allows the ecology of a population to be understood and thus more robust conclusions to be made.

Pinot de Moira, Angela; Fulford, Anthony J. C.; Kabatereine, Narcis B.; Ouma, John H.; Booth, Mark; Dunne, David W.

2010-01-01

362

Spirituality on Campus: The Emergence of a Postsecular Age in American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the emergence of a "postsecular age" in American higher education: an age in which the academic study and practice of spirituality is alive and well. This emerging age stands in contrast to the centuries-old secular age with its origins in the empirical revolution of seventeenth-century Europe. In the secular age, objective…

Subbiondo, Joseph L.

2011-01-01

363

Digit ratio (2D:4D) and handgrip strength in subjects of Han ethnicity: impact of sex and age.  

PubMed

The ratio of the length of the second finger to the fourth finger (2D:4D) is considered to be a putative proxy of prenatal exposure to testosterone, and has been increasingly used as a promising tool to evaluate the impact of prenatal androgenization in humans in such traits as physical performance. In this study, for the first time, we present 2D:4D data on adult participants of Han ethnicity. We consider the sexual dimorphism of 2D:4D and handgrip strength, and also report the relationship between 2D:4D and handgrip strength of males and females. The sample consisted of 54 males and 55 females recruited from a remote village in the Qinling Mountains, China. We found sexual dimorphism of both 2D:4D and handgrip strength, i.e., males had lower 2D:4D and right-left 2D:4D than females and greater handgrip strength than females. There was a sex-specific correlation between 2D:4D and handgrip strength, i.e., 2D:4D in the right hand was negatively correlated with handgrip strength in males but not in females. This relationship may be driven by sexual selection operating on fetal programming. PMID:22886721

Zhao, Dapeng; Li, Baoguo; Yu, Keli; Zheng, Lianbin

2012-08-13

364

Preterm Birth, Age at School Entry and Educational Performance  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate if the lack of gestational age correction may explain some of the school failure seen in ex-preterm infants. Design A cohort study based on the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The primary outcome was a low Key Stage 1 score (KS1) score at age 7 or having special educational needs (SEN). Exposure groups were defined as preterm (<37 weeks gestation, n?=?722) or term (37–42 weeks, n?=?11,268). Conditional regression models were derived, matching preterm to term infants on date of birth (DOB), expected date of delivery (EDD) or expected date of delivery and year of school entry. Multiple imputation was used to account for missing covariate data. Results When matching for DOB, infants born preterm had an increased odds of a low KS1 score (OR 1.73 (1.45–2.06)) and this association persisted after adjusting for potential confounders (OR 1.57 (1.25–1.97)). The association persisted in the analysis matching for EDD (fully adjusted OR 1.53 (1.21–1.94)) but attenuated substantially after additionally restricting to those infants who entered school at the same time as the control infants (fully adjusted OR 1.25 (0.98–1.60)). A compatible reduction in the population attributable risk fraction was seen from 4.60% to 2.12%, and year of school entry appeared to modify the association between gestational age and the risk of a poor KS1 score (p?=?0.029). Conclusions This study provides evidence that the school year placement and assessment of ex-preterm infants based on their actual birthday (rather than their EDD) may increase their risk of learning difficulties with corresponding school failure.

Odd, David; Evans, David; Emond, Alan

2013-01-01

365

Education, Globalization, and the State in the Age of Terrorism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education plays an important role in challenging, combating and in understanding terrorism in its different forms, whether as counter-terrorism or as a form of human rights education. Just as education has played a significant role in the process of nation-building, so education also plays a strong role in the process of empire, globalization and…

Peters, Michael A.

2004-01-01

366

Ethnic differences in perceptions of body size in middle-aged European, Maori and Pacific People living in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare perceptions of body size in European, Maori and Pacific Islands people with measured body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio and change in BMI since age 21 y. Socio-demographic factors that influenced perceptions of body size were also investigated.DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.METHODS: Participants were 5554 workers, aged ?40 y, recruited from companies in

PA Metcalf; RKR Scragg; P Willoughby; S Finau; D Tipene-Leach

2000-01-01

367

Age as a Diversity Issue in Grades K-12 and in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aging and ageism are diversity issues and should be addressed in diversity training. A balanced understanding of aging can be developed using appropriate techniques at all levels of education. Instructors should vary teaching approaches to accommodate older adult students. (SK)|

Wircenski, Michelle; Walker, Michelle; Allen, Jeff; West, Lynda

1999-01-01

368

Analysis of How Education, Age, Overseas Assignments, and Mavenism Impact Use of New Media Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Previous research into new media technology usage has typically been limited to young adults ages 18-24. However this study will include age, education, overseas assignments, presence of mavenism, and information security concerns as variables impacting n...

T. E. Enright

2010-01-01

369

A Curriculum Guide for Early Childhood Education, Ages 3-8 (with Emphasis on Ages 3-5).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was prepared for teachers, administrators and librarians to assist them in designing educational programs for children generally between the ages of three to eight, with emphasis on ages three to five. The guide provides a framework for THE VARIOUS ASPECTS OF A PROGRAM - the philosophy, goals, objectives, curriculum,…

Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.

370

A Study of Elementary and Secondary Teacher Knowledge and Attitudes toward Aging and the Implementation of Aging Education in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study surveys elementary and secondary teachers in Taiwan and compares the findings with other studies conducted in America and Japan. The objective is to explore differences among teachers in Taiwan, Japan, and the United States in terms of their knowledge of, and attitudes toward, aging and the implementation of aging education in schools.…

Huang, Chin-Shan

2012-01-01

371

A Study of Elementary and Secondary Teacher Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Aging and the Implementation of Aging Education in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study surveys elementary and secondary teachers in Taiwan and compares the findings with other studies conducted in America and Japan. The objective is to explore differences among teachers in Taiwan, Japan, and the United States in terms of their knowledge of, and attitudes toward, aging and the implementation of aging education in schools. Multistage sampling was adopted, with a

Chin-Shan Huang

2012-01-01

372

Nutrition Education for Preschool Age Children: A Review of Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Introduction (Overview of Research, Piagetian Theory and Preschool Nutrition Education, Patterns); Review of Studies (Data Sources Searched and Number of Studies, Effectiveness of Nutrition Education Programs for the Preschool Child); Co...

S. S. Swadener

1994-01-01

373

Working-class Boys at the Margins: Ethnic Prejudice, Cultural Capital, and Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a population sample of 465 Norwegian adolescents (mean age 19.3 years), the relationship between ethnic prejudice and social class of origin, cultural capital, own education\\/work, and gender was investigated. The findings revealed that a unidimensional perspective on social class does not hold: least prejudice was found among adolescents from parts of the intermediate strata. High prejudice scores were found

Willy Pedersen

1996-01-01

374

Social Work Knowledge of Facts on Aging: Influence of Field and Classroom Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Palmore's Facts on Aging Quiz (FAQ) was used to measure aging knowledge outcomes of 323 practicum students engaged in aging-focused practica at pre- and posttest across 11 universities. Significant improvement in knowledge scores (p = 0.0001) was found for graduates of the enhanced field education programs. Taking aging course work was a…

Birkenmaier, Julie; Rowan, Noell L.; Damron-Rodriguez, JoAnn; Lawrance, Frances P.; Volland, Patricia J.

2009-01-01

375

Future Shock: Education in the Information Age. Presidential Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Predictions about the future of education are made against a backdrop of the history of the university and the historical effects of technology on higher education and education in general. The role of the university professor will shift from content area expert to that of instructional developer, instructional troubleshooter, and instructional…

Hecht, Jeffrey B.

2001-01-01

376

Environmental Education in an Age of National Standards and Videophilia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is based on the work of Louv (2005, 2008) and Lowell (2008) and their ideas are explored with regard to barriers to, as well as opportunities for, effective environmental education. State curriculum standards in the U.S. include substantial environmental education (EE) content. Despite this, overall education policy stymies…

Bentley, Michael L.

2010-01-01

377

Educational Outcomes and Indicators for Early Childhood (Age 6).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its response to the current emphasis on educational reform and accountability, the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) has been working with federal and state agencies to facilitate and enhance the collection and use of data on educational outcomes for students with disabilities. In doing so, it has taken an inclusive…

Ysseldyke, James E.; And Others

378

An Examination of the RCMAS-2 Scores across Gender, Ethnic Background, and Age in a Large Asian School Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated the factor structure, reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and U.S. norms of the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale, Second Edition (RCMAS-2; C. R. Reynolds & B. O. Richmond, 2008a) scores in a Singapore sample of 1,618 school-age children and adolescents. Although there were small statistically…

Ang, Rebecca P.; Lowe, Patricia A.; Yusof, Noradlin

2011-01-01

379

The Condition of Education 2009: Indicator 1--Enrollment Trends by Age. NCES 2009-081  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"The Condition of Education" is a congressionally mandated report that provides an annual portrait of education in the United States. This document includes information from "The Condition of Education 2009" for data enrollment trends by age. Changes in enrollment patterns may reflect changes in attendance requirements, the perceived value or…

Planty, Michael; Hussar, William; Snyder, Thomas; Kena, Grace; KewalRamani, Angelina; Kemp, Jana; Bianco, Kevin; Dinkes, Rachel

2009-01-01

380

Older Adult Education in a Maltese University of the Third Age: a critical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The education of older adults has been considered the fastest growing branch of adult education in post-industrial countries and one of the most crucial challenges facing current adult European education. It has generated a significant number of research projects and publications seeking to analyse the character of third age learning. This article represents a further attempt, in Sandra Cusack's words,

MARVIN FORMOSA

381

Post-Secondary Education and Transition Services for Students Ages 18-21 with Significant Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article first differentiates educational and transitional services for students with significant disabilities, ages 18-21, and then reviews options for age-appropriate educational and transition experiences for this population. These include: (1) programs that serve public school students on college campuses and in community settings and (2)…

Neubert, Debra A.; Moon, M. Sherril; Grigal, Meg

2002-01-01

382

Effects of Age, Education and Attitudes on Learning by Older Adults from a Documentary Programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Older adults are avid consumers of television, particularly informational\\/ educational programmes such as documentaries. This study investigated the extent to which three personological variables (age, level of education, and attitude towards television) affect the amount learned from a documentary by adults over 50 years of age. A content analysis technique was used to classify the narration of a documentary into

R. D. Owens

1987-01-01

383

What Educational Opportunities Should Professionals in Aging Provide?: A Pilot Community Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the aging workforce and the increase of older adults, educational needs of the workforce in aging services are broadening. The pilot study used a survey to examine the types of educational opportunities and needs of professionals providing services to older adults in eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania. Respondents (25.9%) reported…

Van Dussen, Daniel J.; Leson, Suzanne M.

2010-01-01

384

Does School Time Matter?--On the Impact of Compulsory Education Age on School Dropout  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A straightforward way to prevent students from leaving education without a higher secondary diploma is increasing the compulsory education age. The idea is that, by staying longer in school, more students eventually obtain a higher secondary diploma. This paper examines the impact of a one-year increase in compulsory school-age on dropping out of…

Cabus, Sofie J.; De Witte, Kristof

2011-01-01

385

Protective Role of Educational Level on Episodic Memory Aging: An Event-Related Potential Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the present experiment was to investigate whether educational level could modulate the effect of aging on episodic memory and on the electrophysiological correlates of retrieval success. Participants were divided into four groups based on age (young vs. older) and educational level (high vs. low), with 14 participants in each group.…

Angel, Lucie; Fay, Severine; Bouazzaoui, Badiaa; Baudouin, Alexia; Isingrini, Michel

2010-01-01

386

Principles and Practices of Mature-Age Education at U3As  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A movement known as the Universities of the Third Age (U3As) provides educational, cultural and social services for mature-age people in Australia and internationally. This paper focuses on the educational courses run by U3As and discusses two basic questions: What are the expectations of learners who enrol in these classes? and How can tutors…

Siedle, Rob

2011-01-01

387

The Relationship between Principal Ethnicity and Other Chosen Demographics and Student Achievement as Measured by the Texas Education Agency's Accountability Rating System in Predominantly Hispanic Public High Schools in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this study was to examine the relationship between principal ethnicity and other chosen demographics (community type of the school, average years of teacher experience, and percent of students qualifying as economically disadvantaged) and student achievement as measured by the Texas Education Agency's (TEA's) accountability rating…

Tresslar, Christopher Adrian

2010-01-01

388

Does school time matter?—On the impact of compulsory education age on school dropout  

Microsoft Academic Search

A straightforward way to prevent students from leaving education without a higher secondary diploma is increasing the compulsory education age. The idea is that, by staying longer in school, more students eventually obtain a higher secondary diploma. This paper examines the impact of a one-year increase in compulsory school-age on dropping out of secondary education by a difference-in-differences analysis. For

Sofie J. Cabus; Kristof De Witte

2011-01-01

389

Prior hrt use, ethnicity and mammographic density.  

PubMed

PURPOSE: Mammographic density has been strongly associated with breast cancer risk in several studies. To clarify possible pathogenic mechanisms underlying this relationship, we assessed factors affecting mammographic density in postmenopausal women.METHODS: Percent density (PD) was measured on pre-randomization mammograms from 425 participants in the Women's Health Initiative clinical trial; no women were currently using HRT. Trained observers used a previously validated computer-assisted thresholding technique to measure PD (ratio of dense areas to breast area) on craniocaudal films. Univariate relationships were assessed between PD and age, parity, education, history of HRT use, age at first birth, abortion history, alcohol use, serum cholesterol, physical activity, smoking, dietary fat intake, body-mass index (BMI), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Multivariable regression was used to identify predictors of PD (log transformed), controlling for confounders.RESULTS: PD ranged from 0-60% with mean 8%. Age, gravidity, BMI, and WHR were negatively associated with PD. Mean PD in the highest tertiles of BMI and WHR was nearly half that in the lowest. Ethnicity (50% white, 28% black, and 19% Hispanic) and hysterectomy status (50% had intact uterus) were unassociated with PD. Controlling for age, BMI, WHR, smoking, hysterectomy status, prior HRT, and nulliparity, mean PD differed significantly by ethnicity, with black women having highest PD. However, the effect of prior HRT use differed by uterine status. In women with uteri intact, ethnicity, but not prior HRT use, was related to PD after controlling for age, BMI, and WHR. In hysterectomized women, ethnicity was unrelated to PD, while previous HRT was associated with lower PD.CONCLUSIONS: Gravidity, ethnicity and body shape and size are associated with mammographic density in postmenopausal women. Previous hormone use predicts lower PD, but only among hysterectomized women. This may be due to the higher frequency of oophorectomies in this group, which may lower PD and increase likelihood of HRT use. Planned analyses of entire sample of 1050 women will clarify the effect of these and other factors on density, and on density change in followup mammograms. PMID:11018375

Martin; Peck; Pisano; Davis; McTiernan; Hulka

2000-10-01

390

Ethnic Incongruence and the Student-Teacher Relationship: The Perspective of Ethnic Majority Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Among 36 ethnic-Dutch school teachers in the Netherlands, the present study examined the role of ethnic incongruence in perceived student-teacher relationship quality. Teachers rated their relationships with 59 Turkish-Dutch, 62 Moroccan-Dutch, and 109 ethnic-Dutch students attending grades 4 through 6 (M[subscript age] = 10.81 years, SD = 1.05).…

Thijs, Jochem; Westhof, Saskia; Koomen, Helma

2012-01-01

391

Paradox Revisited: A Further Investigation of Race/Ethnic Differences in Infant Mortality by Maternal Age1  

PubMed Central

We reexamine the epidemiological paradox of lower overall infant mortality rates in the Mexican-origin population relative to US-born non-Hispanic whites using the 1995–2002 U.S. NCHS linked cohort birth-infant death files. A comparison of infant mortality rates among US-born non-Hispanic white and Mexican-origin mothers by maternal age reveals an infant survival advantage at younger maternal ages when compared to non-Hispanic whites, which is consistent with the Hispanic infant mortality paradox. However, this is accompanied by higher infant mortality at older ages for Mexican-origin women, which is consistent with the weathering framework. These patterns vary by nativity of the mother and do not change when rates are adjusted for risk factors. The relative infant survival disadvantage among Mexican-origin infants born to older mothers may be attributed to differences in the socioeconomic attributes of US-born non-Hispanic white and Mexican-origin women.

Powers, Daniel A.

2013-01-01

392

Sources of fiber and fat in diets of US women aged 19 to 50: implications for nutrition education and policy.  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION. Many women are not meeting dietary recommendations for fiber and fat intakes. Health educators need to know which foods are major sources of these nutrients. METHODS. This study analyzed the contributions of 27 food groups to fiber, fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol intakes of 2134 women aged 19 to 50 years in USDA's Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals, the 1985 and 1986 surveys (CSFII 85-86). RESULTS. Major determinants of fiber intake include frequency of use of certain food groups (vegetables, including potatoes, bread, fruit, soups, ready-to-eat cereal) and choice of particular foods within the larger food groups (e.g., whole grain bread, high fiber cereal). Major determinants of total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol intakes included frequency of use of certain foods (sweet grains, beef, eggs, cheeses/cream, whole milks) and additions to foods (regular salad dressing and butter/margarine). Demographic characteristics were related to various food group consumption parameters. CONCLUSIONS. Information about the relationships between food group and nutrient intake and the effects of household income, race/ethnicity, and region of residence on food group intake indicate opportunities to refine nutritional education programs.

Thompson, F E; Sowers, M F; Frongillo, E A; Parpia, B J

1992-01-01

393

Are Constructs of the Transtheoretical Model for Physical Activity Measured Equivalently Between Sexes, Age Groups, and Ethnicities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Purpose  Identifying mediators of physical activity change requires measurement instruments that are reliable, valid, and generalizable\\u000a to multiple populations. Despite continued application of the transtheoretical model (TTM) to the study of physical activity,\\u000a the structural components of the TTM measurement instruments have been understudied in diverse populations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A multiethnic sample (N?=?700, M\\u000a age?=?47, 63% women, 38% Caucasian) of participants living in

Raheem J. Paxton; Claudio R. Nigg; Robert W. Motl; Kelly McGee; Dana McCurdy; Caroline Horwath Matthai; Rod K. Dishman

2008-01-01

394

What is ethnic in an ethnic economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines critically the relationship between ethnicity and entrepreneurship in the sociology of immigrant economies. It argues that what is ethnic in an ethnic economy has often been confusingly conceptualised and that several factors now call for re-assessing the ethnic nature of immigrants' business activities. On the basis of a review of recent research, three such factors are outlined:

Antoine Pécoud

2010-01-01

395

The Responsibility of Adult Educators in the Nuclear Age. TECHNIQUES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The task of adult educators is to provide students with information as well as opportunities to explore alternatives to the arms race. As a starting point to raising nuclear issues in the classroom and incorporating them into the curriculum, the adult educator can administer a survey or questionnaire to students about nuclear weapons and the…

Rosenblum, Sandra; Goldberg, Joan Carol

1984-01-01

396

Windows on the Future: Education in the Age of Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is designed to help educators cope with changes created by technology and embrace a new mindset necessary to access the burgeoning technological advances, in order to keep schools and students relevant in the 21st century. The book looks through several "windows" on the future, and asks educators to consider their own paradigms and the…

McCain, Ted; Jukes, Ian

397

Rethinking Civic Education in the Age of Biotechnology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, I first examine the three justifications most often provided for differentiating, discounting, or even disclaiming the present generation's moral responsibility to future generations. I then discuss ideological critiques of, and educational solutions to, the complicity of formal educational institutions in propagating these…

Li, Huey-li

2005-01-01

398

Overflowing Every Idea of Age, Very Young Children as Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article I explore if and how very young children can be the educators of their early childhood educators. I describe and discuss a story constructed from a fieldwork done in one early childhood setting in Norway. The story is read with Levinas and his concepts Said and Saying. Further I discuss if and how this might be understood as…

Johannesen, Nina

2013-01-01

399

The Possibility of Public Education in an Instrumentalist Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In our increasingly instrumentalist culture, debates over the privatization of schooling may be beside the point. Whether we hatch some new plan for chartering or funding schools, or retain the traditional model of government-run schools, the ongoing instrumentalization of education threatens the very possibility of public education. Indeed, in…

Higgins, Chris

2011-01-01

400

Post-Secondary Education: Entering the Age of the Consumer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The traditional sellers' market in higher education has become a buyers' market, with both the nature of the student body and the services offered being changed. Marketing, as a comprehensive tool for planning and delivery of educational services, offers an integrated method for meeting the disparate demands growing from the shift to a longer…

Lencyk, John A.

401

Age and education in moral judgment of participants in team sports.  

PubMed

The present aim was to investigate the effect of age and education on the moral reasoning of the same 535 individuals in sports for whom nature of sport experience was reported. All 535 participants (M age = 24.9 yr., SD = 8.3) were involved in sports at the time of the study as athletes (n = 342), referees (n = 145), or coaches (n = 48), and had a wide range of education. Analysis of variance of scores on the Defining Issues Test of Rest showed moral judgment in sports differs significantly amongst different age groups (F5.510 = 5.37, p < .001) and amounts of education (F4.511 = 6.24, p < .001). Generally, with more education, higher moral judgment can be expected. It is apparent that moral development in sport is related to age and education, as also holds for a wider social setting. PMID:16671625

Proios, Miltiadis; Doganis, George

2006-02-01

402

Immigrant Education: All Younger Generations Enjoy Notable Improvement, But Wide Disparities Among Ethnic Groups Remain. Research Brief. Issue #103  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research brief summarizes a recent report on the educational advances of the second and third generations of California's immigrants, "Educational Progress Across Immigrant Generations in California," by PPIC researchers Deborah Reed, Laura E. Hill, Christopher Jepsen, and Hans P. Johnson, shed new light on California's immigrant population…

Public Policy Institute of California, 2005

2005-01-01

403

Early Childhood Education for Handicapped Children (Ages 3 through 5). Special Education in North Dakota. Guide VII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed primarily for use by personnel involved in North Dakota public school programs for preschool-age handicapped children (ages 3-5). It is also intended to provide parents and personnel in health, human services, and other child service agencies with an understanding of the scope and purpose of educational services for young…

Niebergall, Shelby; Oas, Brenda

404

[Relationship between educational level and dementia: social factor and age-related chronic disease].  

PubMed

Dementia is an age-related chronic syndrome, whose the first cause is a neurodegenerative disease: Alzheimer's disease (AD). In spite of some controversies, educational level is now considered as a major risk factor for dementia and AD. The protective effect of a high level of education could be related to a preservation of cognitive reserve and a reinforcement of brain reserve. Moreover, subjects with a high level of education have a better access to health care and a better management of vascular risk factors. With the general improvement of the educational level, the age-related incidence of AD and dementia should decrease in the future. PMID:23835147

Dartigues, J-F; Foubert-Samier, A; Helmer, C

2013-07-05

405

Normal left ventricular myocardial thickness for middle aged and older subjects with SSFP cardiac MR: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis  

PubMed Central

Background Increased left ventricular myocardial thickness (LVMT) is a feature of several cardiac diseases. The purpose of this study was to establish standard reference values of normal LVMT with cardiac MR (CMR) and to assess variation with image acquisition plane, demographics and LV function. Methods and Results End-diastolic LVMT was measured on CMR steady-state free precession cine long and short axis images in 300 consecutive participants free of cardiac disease (169 women; 65.6±8.5 years) of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis cohort. Mean LVMT on short axis images at the mid-cavity level was 5.3±0.9mm and 6.3±1.1mm for women and men, respectively. The average of the maximum LVMT at the mid-cavity for women/men were 7mm/9mm (long axis) and 7mm/8mm (short axis). Mean LVMT was positively associated with weight (0.02mm/kg, p=0.01) and body-surface-area (1.1mm/m2, p<0.001). No relationship was found between mean LVMT and age or height. Greater mean LVMT was associated with lower LV end-diastolic volume (0.01mm/ml, p<0.01), a lower LV end-systolic volume (?0.01mm/ml, p=0.01) and lower LV stroke volume (?0.01mm/ml, p<0.05). LVMT measured on long axis images at the basal and mid-cavity level were slightly greater (by 6% and 10%, respectively) than measurements obtained on short axis images; apical LVMT values on long axis images were 20% less than those on short axis images. Conclusion Normal values for wall thickness are provided for middle-aged and older subjects. Normal LVMT is lower for women than men. Observed values vary depending on the imaging plane for measurement.

Kawel, Nadine; Turkbey, Evrim B.; Carr, J. Jeffrey; Eng, John; Gomes, Antoinette S.; Hundley, W. Gregory; Johnson, Craig; Masri, Sofia C.; Prince, Martin R.; van der Geest, Rob J.; Lima, Joao A. C.; Bluemke, David A.

2012-01-01

406

34 CFR 300.712 - Payments for education and services for Indian children with disabilities aged three through five.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Payments for education and services for Indian children with disabilities aged...ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...712 Payments for education and services for Indian children with disabilities...

2009-07-01

407

34 CFR 300.712 - Payments for education and services for Indian children with disabilities aged three through five.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Payments for education and services for Indian children with disabilities aged...ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...712 Payments for education and services for Indian children with disabilities...

2010-07-01

408

Ethnic sensitivity: A challenge for social work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnicity is becoming a recognizable constituent of social work which is shown also in its growing integration in the education programme in social work, as in Slovenia. In order to break the historical silence and the neutral or passive attitude to ethnic differences it is necessary to fight for institutional changes in social work and the transcendence of institutional, cultural

Špela Urh

2011-01-01

409

Ethnic Minorities IQ Data File - User's Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The data for the Ethnic Minority I.Q. file was collected primarily from individual student records in schools and boards of education in communities across the country. Some of the data items collected were sex, date of birth, ethnicity of student and of ...

T. Sowell

1977-01-01

410

The future of health care: students' perceptions, education, and training in aging and health in India.  

PubMed

This study examined the students' perceptions on the care of the older persons and their education and training in geriatrics and gerontology in India. Students (n = 229) from medicine, nursing, and social work programs completed a survey. Three key findings emerged: (a) strong family ties and filial piety in aging care, (b) acknowledging the importance of social, economic, and religious factors in the care of the older persons while not recognizing the age-related health needs, and (c) although participants described their education and training as being adequate, lack of awareness of aging policies highlight the need for formalized educational and training opportunities. PMID:21807627

Kumar, Amenda; Johnson, Shanthi; Kamalanabhan, T J

2011-07-31

411

Race/Ethnic Disparities in Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in a Tri-Ethnic Community Cohort  

PubMed Central

Background Racial-ethnic disparities exist in cardiovascular risk factors, morbidity and mortality. Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is a predictor of mortality and of cardiovascular outcome including incident heart failure. We sought to assess whether race-ethnic differences in diastolic function exist. Such differences may contribute to the observed disparities in cardiovascular outcomes. Methods Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed in 760 participants (539 Hispanic, 117 non-Hispanic black, 104 non-Hispanic white) from the Cardiac Abnormalities and Brain Lesions (CABL) study. LV diastolic function was assessed by standard Doppler flow profile and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Early (E) and late (A) trans-mitral diastolic flow, and mitral annulus early diastolic velocities (E’) were recorded and E/A and E/E’ ratios were calculated. Results Blacks and Hispanics had higher body mass index (p=0.04, p<0.01), higher prevalence of hypertension (both p?0.05) and diabetes (both p<0.01), and lower level of education (both p<0.01) compared to whites. In age- and sex-adjusted analyses, Hispanics and blacks showed worse indices of diastolic function than whites. Hispanics had lower E/A ratio (p=0.01), lower E’ and higher E/E’ (both p<0.01) than whites, whereas blacks had lower E’ (p<0.05) and a trend toward a higher E/E’ ratio (p=0.09) compared with whites. These race-ethnic differences in diastolic function were attenuated in multivariate models adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions Differences in LV diastolic function exist between race-ethnic groups. However, modifiable cardiovascular risk factors and socio-demographic variables, rather than intrinsic race-ethnic heterogeneity, seem to explain most of the observed differences.

Russo, Cesare; Jin, Zhezhen; Homma, Shunichi; Rundek, Tatjana; Elkind, Mitchell S.V.; Sacco, Ralph L.; Di Tullio, Marco R.

2010-01-01

412

Music education technology for older elementary school aged children: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Music education is essential to forming a well-rounded student. With this important concept in mind, our goal for this project was to produce an interactive tool for students and give them an opportunity to \\

Steve Altieri; Meghan Bruce; Chris Lindo; Tim Miller

2005-01-01

413

Higher education facing the challenges of the information age  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is claimed that traditional higher education has become obsolete. It was justified as long as knowledge was concentrated\\u000a in the hands of a few experts and in not-easily accessed libraries. However today, the three pillars of higher education -\\u000a the production of new knowledge, teaching, and the preservation of knowledge - can easily be and more efficiently replaced\\u000a by

Gavriel Salomon

1999-01-01

414

The Need for Nursing and Midwifery Programmes of Education to Address the Health Care Needs of Minority Ethnic Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nursing education should play an important role in developing culturally sensitive health care. Nurses and midwives should be trained in assessing health needs of different cultural groups and developing appropriate care. (SK)|

Papadopoulos, Irena; Alleyne, Jo

1995-01-01

415

Birthweight outcomes in Bolivia: the role of maternal height, ethnicity, and behavior.  

PubMed

We identify maternal behavioral factors associated with birthweight in Bolivia using data from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) of 2003. We estimate birthweight as a function of maternal behavior and the child's sex and gestational age. We control for maternal height, ethnicity, education, and wealth, and for differences observed across Bolivian regions in educational and health outcomes, demographic indicators, and altitude. We find that maternal age, fertility record, and birth spacing behavior are the main observable behavioral factors associated with birthweight, and that maternal height is associated with gestational age, a main determinant of birthweight. We also find that after controlling for gestational age, both ethnicity and altitude have an insignificant effect on birthweight. PMID:22560303

Delajara, Marcelo; Wendelspiess Chávez Juárez, Florian

2012-04-06

416

Estimating ethnic differences in self-reported new use of antidepressant medications: results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis  

PubMed Central

Introduction There is evidence that the utilization of antidepressant medications (ADM) may vary between different ethnic groups in the United States population. Methods The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis is a population-based prospective cohort study of 6,814 US adults from 4 different ethnic groups. After excluding baseline users of ADM, we examined the relation between baseline depression and new use of ADM for 4 different ethnicities: African-Americans (n=1,822), Asians (n=784) Caucasians (n=2,300), and Hispanics (n=1,405). Estimates of the association of ethnicity and ADM use were adjusted for age, study site, gender, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), alcohol use, smoking, blood pressure, diabetes, education, and exercise. Non-random loss to follow-up was present and estimates were adjusted using inverse probability of censoring weighting (IPCW). Results Of the four ethnicities, Caucasian participants had the highest rate of ADM use (12%) compared with African-American (4%), Asian (2%) and Hispanic (6%) participants. After adjustment, non-Caucasian ethnicity was associated with reduced ADM use: African-American (HR: 0.42; 95% Confidence Interval (CI):0.31– 0.58), Asian (HR: 0.14; 95%CI: 0.08–0.26) and Hispanic (HR: 0.47; 95%CI: 0.31–0.65). Applying IPCW to correct for non-random loss to follow-up among the study participants weakened but did not eliminate these associations: African-American (HR: 0.48; 95%CI: 0.30–0.57), Asian (HR: 0.23; 95% CI: 0.13–0.37) and Hispanic (HR: 0.58; 95%CI: 0.47–0.67). Conclusion Non-Caucasian ethnicity is associated with lower rates of new ADM use. After IPCW adjustment, the observed ethnicity differences in ADM use are smaller although still statistically significant.

Delaney, Joseph A C; Oddson, Bruce E; McClelland, Robyn L; Psaty, Bruce M

2010-01-01

417

Smoking during pregnancy in ethnic populations: the Generation R study.  

PubMed

Patterns and correlates of maternal smoking could differ according to ethnic background, and these differences might have consequences for intervention strategies. In the Generation R study, we examined patterns of smoking during pregnancy and the associations of socioeconomic (educational level), demographic (maternal age, marital status, generational status, parity) and lifestyle (alcohol consumption, partner smoking) correlates with smoking during pregnancy in 5,748 women of Dutch, Turkish, Moroccan, Surinamese-Hindustani, Surinamese-Creole, Capeverdean and Antillean ethnic background. Smoking rates before pregnancy were highest in the Turkish group (43.7%) and lowest in the Moroccan group (7.0%). Compared with Dutch women (24.1%), Turkish and Moroccan women were less likely to quit smoking before pregnancy (17.0% and 5.9%, respectively; p<.001). Turkish and Moroccan women (72.0% and 70.6%, respectively) were more likely to continue smoking during pregnancy compared to Dutch women (58.6%, p<.001). Lower education was associated with smoking during pregnancy only in the Dutch group. No significant association of education with smoking was seen in the non-Dutch groups. Second-generation (i.e., foreign-born) Turkish and Capeverdean women were more likely to smoke during pregnancy compared with first-generation women. Partner smoking was associated with smoking during pregnancy in all ethnic groups except for Surinamese-Creole and Antillean. Maternal alcohol consumption was associated with smoking during pregnancy in all ethnic groups except for Capeverdean. Smoking rates and correlates of smoking during pregnancy varied by ethnic background. These observations should be considered when designing maternal smoking prevention and intervention strategies. PMID:18686185

Troe, Ernst-Jan W M; Raat, Hein; Jaddoe, Vincent W V; Hofman, Albert; Steegers, Eric A P; Verhulst, Frank C; Witteman, Jacqueline C M; Mackenbach, Johan P

2008-08-01

418

Politics of Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the late 1960's there was the beginning of a movement toward ethnic identity in the United States. Ethnic leaders have typically attributed to the term "ethnicity" certain sociocultural traits. The author of this monograph examines the ethnic movement as both a cultural and socioeconomic phenomenon. Many of the traits attributed to ethnicity

Jaipaul

419

Evaluating social and behavioural impacts of English smoke-free legislation in different ethnic and age groups: implications for reducing smoking-related health inequalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo explore social and behavioural impacts of English smoke-free legislation (SFL) in different ethnic groups.DesignA longitudinal, qualitative panel study of smokers using in-depth interviews conducted before and after introduction of SFL.ParticipantsA purposive sample of 32 smokers selected from three ethnic groups in deprived London neighbourhoods with approximately equal numbers of younger and older, male and female respondents.ResultsSFL has had positive

K. Lock; E. Adams; P. Pilkington; K. Duckett; A. Gilmore; C. Marston

2010-01-01

420

The Condition of Education 2009: Indicator 8--Language Minority School-Age Children. NCES 2009-081  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"The Condition of Education" is a congressionally mandated report that provides an annual portrait of education in the United States. This document includes information from "The Condition of Education 2009" about language minority school-age children. Between 1979 and 2007, the number of school-age children (children ages 5-17) who spoke a…

Planty, Michael; Hussar, William; Snyder, Thomas; Kena, Grace; KewalRamani, Angelina; Kemp, Jana; Bianco, Kevin; Dinkes, Rachel

2009-01-01

421

The applicability of measures of socioeconomic position to different ethnic groups within the UK  

PubMed Central

Background In this paper we seek to tease out differences in socioeconomic position between ethnic groups. There are 3 main reasons why conventional socioeconomic indicators and asset based measures may not be equally applicable to all ethnic groups: 1) Differences in response rate to conventional socioeconomic indicators 2) Cultural and social differences in economic priorities/opportunities 3) Differences in housing quality, assets and debt within socioeconomic strata Methods The sample consisted of White (n = 227), African-Caribbean (n = 213) and Indian and Pakistani (n = 233) adults aged between 18 and 59 years living in Leeds as measured in a stratified population survey. Measures included income, education, employment, car ownership, home ownership, housing quality, household assets, investments, debt, perceived ability to obtain various sums and perceived level of financial support given and received. Results Response rates to education and income questions were similar for the different ethnic groups. Overall response rates for income were much lower than those for education and biased towards wealthier people. There were differences between ethnic groups in economic priorities/opportunities particularly in relation to car ownership, home ownership, investment and debt. Differences in living conditions, household assets and debt between ethnic groups were dependent on differences in education; however differences in car ownership, home ownership, ability to obtain £10 000, and loaning money to family/friends and income from employment/self employment persisted after adjustment for education. Conclusion In the UK, education appears to be an effective variable for measuring variation in SEP across ethnic groups but the ability to account for SEP differences may be improved by the addition of car and home ownership, ability to obtain £10 000, loaning money to family/friends and income from employment/self employment. Further research is required to establish the degree to which results of this study are generalisable.

Kelaher, Margaret; Paul, Sheila; Lambert, Helen; Ahmad, Waqar; Smith, George Davey

2009-01-01

422

Labor Market Advancement for Young Men: How It Differs by Educational Attainment and Race\\/Ethnicity During the Initial Transition to Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 1990 U.S. Census and the 2006–2007 American Community Survey (ACS) and a synthetic cohort method, this article examines the labor market performance of young men during their initial transition to work and how it differs by educational attainment and race. The article looks at young men between the ages of 16 to 26 in 1990 who

Michael A. Stoll

2010-01-01

423

Current and Emerging Forces Impacting Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the methodology of force field analysis, the paper develops possible futures for special education based on current trends. Demographic forces impacting special education include age changes, ethnicity changes, the needs of emerging language minorities, specific change in the youth population, environmental factors and the incidence of…

Yates, James R.

424

Impact of birth weight on ethnic variations in subcutaneous and central adiposity in American children aged 5–11 years. A study from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To determine the types of subcutaneous adiposity represented by different measurements of skinfold thickness that are associated with birth weight in white (n=759), Black (n=916) and Hispanic (n=813) American children aged 5–11 y. We also determined the contribution of birth weight to ethnic differences in subcutaneous and central adiposity.DESIGN AND METHODS: Data for this analysis were from the Third

Y Liao; CN Rotimi; GEA Dever; RS Cooper

2000-01-01

425

Personnel to Serve the Aging in the Field of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication examines issues associated with personnel who serve the aging in the fields of health, physical education, recreation, and dance. Personnel in these fields are very diverse although they all have interest in helping people use leisure time...

1988-01-01

426

First and Second Symposia on Education, Training, and Aging. Report on the Proceedings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two regional symposia were held to provide trainers and others involved in continuing education for the elderly an opportunity to become better acquainted with developments in gerontology. One keynote speaker described the needs and attitudes of the ages ...

M. L. Hunter

1975-01-01

427

Experiences in the Bilingual Education of a Child of Pre-School Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on experiences in the bilingual education, psychologically and pedagogically planned, of a child who died of brain cancer at age 5. Conclusions are drawn regarding order and method of language learning. (CHK)|

Zierer, Ernesto

1977-01-01

428

Culture and Ethnicity as Consciousness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses school administrators' failure to realize that for language minority children to learn a new language and adapt to a new culture does not mean denying the educational gains of the past. Challenges the melting pot theory and emphasizes the development of a consciousness that is part of ethnic identity. (RDN)

DeGruttola, Raffael

1985-01-01

429

Support for Comprehensive Sexuality Education: Perspectives from Parents of School-Age Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Controversy about school-based sexuality education in public schools has continued over the past decade, despite mounting evidence that comprehensive sexuality education effectively promotes sexual health and that parents support these programs in public schools. The present study replicates and expands upon previous findings regarding public views on school-based sexuality education. Methods: One thousand six hundred five parents of school-age

Marla E. Eisenberg; Debra H. Bernat; Linda H. Bearinger; Michael D. Resnick

2007-01-01

430

Education and the changing age pattern of American fertility: 1963–1989  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using pooled data from the 1980, 1985, and 1990 Current Population Surveys, we describe fertility trends by age and education\\u000a for the period 1963–1989. Interest focuses on whether the effects of education have changed across this period. We show that\\u000a women with college degrees experienced dramatic shifts toward later ages of childbearing. This shift is consistent with arguments\\u000a we develop

Ronald R. Rindfuss; S. Philip Morgan; Kate Offutt

1996-01-01

431

A Narrative Study of the Experiences that Impact Educational Choices of Middle-Aged Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to answer the research questions of how middle-aged women perceive higher education and why they do or do not pursue a higher level of education. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2009 American Community Survey microdata, more than half of the women between the ages of 30-50 years in one Midwestern US…

Perez, Shireese Redmond

2011-01-01

432

A Narrative Study of the Experiences that Impact Educational Choices of Middle-Aged Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this qualitative study was to answer the research questions of how middle-aged women perceive higher education and why they do or do not pursue a higher level of education. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2009 American Community Survey microdata, more than half of the women between the ages of 30-50 years in one Midwestern US…

Perez, Shireese Redmond

2011-01-01

433

Does school time matter? On the impact of compulsory education age on school dropout  

Microsoft Academic Search

A straightforward way to prevent students from leaving education without a higher secondary diploma consists of increasing the compulsory education age. By staying longer in school, the idea is that more students eventually obtain a higher secondary diploma. This paper examines by a difference-in-differences analysis the causal impact of a one-year increase in compulsory school-age on dropping out at secondary

S. J. Cabus; Witte de K

2010-01-01

434

Effectiveness of The Food Guide Pyramid As A Nutrition Education Tool for School-Aged Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To determine the effectiveness of the Food Guide Pyramid as a nutrition education tool for school-aged children and their parents.This study was performed to examine the effectiveness of the Food Guide Pyramid as a nutrition education tool for school-aged children. The sample consisted of 57 students in the fifth, seventh, and eighth grade classes at St. Bernard Elementary

K. D. Wright; R. M. Fournet

1997-01-01

435

Attention and Memory Evaluation Across the Life Span: Heterogeneous Effects of Age and Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The developmental sequences of attention and memory were studied by utilizing normative data derived from the neuropsychological battery named NEUROPSI ATTENTION AND MEMORY. A sample of 521 Spanish-speaking individuals, aged 6 to 85 years, participated in this study. In the adult sample, educational level ranged from 0 to 22 years of education. Data from subtests measuring orientation, attention and concentration,

Esther Gómez-Pérez; Feggy Ostrosky-Solís

2006-01-01

436

Solid Foundations: Health and Education Partnership for Indigenous Children Aged 0 to 8 Years. Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An Australian national task force examined a number of areas related to achieving educational equality for Australia's Indigenous peoples. This paper looks at health issues, particularly during ages 0-8, that may affect the educational outcomes of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. Chapter 1 discusses the importance of the early…

Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs, Carlton South (Australia).

437

Education and Older Adults at the University of the Third Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports a critical analysis of older adult education in Malta. In educational gerontology, a critical perspective demands the exposure of how relations of power and inequality, in their myriad forms, combinations, and complexities, are manifest in late-life learning initiatives. Fieldwork conducted at the University of the Third Age

Formosa, Marvin

2012-01-01

438

Innovations in Student-Centered Interdisciplinary Teaching for General Education in Aging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) General Education "Clusters" are innovations in student-centered undergraduate education focused on complex phenomena that require an interdisciplinary perspective. UCLA gerontology and geriatric faculty recognized the opportunity to introduce freshmen to the field of aging through this new…

Damron-Rodriguez, JoAnn; Effros, Rita

2008-01-01

439

The Significance of Dewey's Aesthetics in Art Education in the Age of Globalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the occasion of Dewey's sesquicentennial anniversary, Kazuyo Nakamura explores Dewey's aesthetics, which holds the plurality of art and culture in high regard. Nakamura develops a theoretical foundation for art education in the present age of globalization based on educational insights drawn from Dewey's aesthetics. The theme of this essay…

Nakamura, Kazuyo

2009-01-01

440

An Aging Society: Implications for Health Care Needs, Impacts on Allied Health Practice and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consists of a three-part paper and related materials by the National Task Force on Gerontology and Geriatric Care Education on the topic of the aging of society and health care. Issues covered include public policy, provider support, ethics, practice patterns, research, education, and impact on selected health professions. (CH)

Selker, Leopold G., Ed.; And Others

1987-01-01

441

The Influence of Education and Age on Neurocognitive Test Performance in Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research involves an examination of the relationship between education and age on a wide array of neuropsychological test measures among patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's and vascular dementia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of education as an attenuating factor to neurocognitive decline in dementia. Although…

DenBesten, Nicholas P.

2009-01-01

442

Warming the nursing education climate for traditional-age learners who are male.  

PubMed

For nurse educators to facilitate student learning and the achievement of desired cognitive, affective, and psychomotor outcomes, they need to be competent in recognizing the influence of gender, experience, and other factors on teaching and learning. A study was conducted in one academic institution to describe how traditional-age male learners' perceptions of the nursing education climate compare to perceptions of female learners. Interviews were conducted with a sample of four male and four female learners. Additional data from interviews with nurse educators, classroom observations, and a review of textbooks provided breadth and depth to their perceptions. Findings support a nursing education climate that is cooler to traditional-age male learners and warmer to traditional-age female learners. The main cooling factor for men was caused by nurse educators' characteristics and unsupportive behaviors. Additional factors inside and outside the education environment contributed to a cooler climate for the male learners. Based on these findings, strategies for nurse educators to warm the education climate for traditional-age male learners are presented. PMID:18575237

Bell-Scriber, Marietta J

443

Envisaging New Educational Provision: Innovative Organisation in the Age of New Modernism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the "age of austerity", educational institutions in many countries are under pressure from a variety of sources to work more closely, reduce costs and raise educational performance. There are a number of possible outcomes that follow on from developing closer institutional ties: sharing of professional expertise through best practice networks,…

Stoten, David William

2011-01-01

444

Survey of International Course Content Related to Aging in the Curricula of American Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings of a survey jointly conducted by the International Federation on Aging (IFA) and the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE) on the extent that an international perspective is incorporated in gerontology curricula in American higher education. Respondents represented institutions reported incorporating some international perspective in gerontological curricula or were planning to do so. However,

Charlotte Nusberg

1987-01-01

445

Breaking the Cycle of Disadvantage: Ties between Educational Attainments, Dropping Out and School-Age Motherhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study used current data from a cohort of eighth graders in the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 to test whether dropping out of high school and other measures of educational performance and involvement influenced the likelihood of having a school-age birth for whites, blacks, and Hispanics. Three major sets of independent…

Manlove, Jennifer

446

Who's getting shots and who's not: racial/ethnic disparities in immunization coverage.  

PubMed

This brief report provides data from the National Health Interview Survey (1989-2002) and offers commentary on reasons for the racial/ethnic disparities in immunization coverage for both influenza and pneumococcal vaccines for persons aged > or = 65 years. The findings in this report indicate that, although influenza and pneumococcal vaccination rates have increased for non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics, substantial gaps by race/ethnicity persist. Differences are observed even among individuals with similar characteristics (eg, education levels, similar numbers of healthcare visits, and similar insurance status) but from different ethnic groups. In addition, rates of vaccination for ethnic/racial groups have not increased at a sufficient rate to reach the national health objective for 2010 (90% of persons aged > 64 years receiving annual influenza vaccination and having ever received pneumococcal vaccination). By examining the successes of new initiatives such as the READII (Racial Ethnic Adult Disparities in Immunization) demonstration projects, researchers hope that progress can be made to close these racial/ethnic disparities. PMID:15945359

Wortley, Pascale

2005-01-01

447

The Dynamics of Educational Leadership Roles for Asian-American Women as Contrasted to Their Global Counterparts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research efforts within the United States focusing on educational leadership have largely excluded the perspectives of women and minorities. As American school-age populations become increasingly diverse, the need for educational leaders from diverse backgrounds also increases. However, the research data show that females and ethnic minorities are under-represented in American educational leadership positions. This paper briefly examines global educational leadership

Dina C. Pacis; Sidney R. Castle

2008-01-01

448

Educational level and age as contributing factors to road traffic accidents.  

PubMed

Objective: This research analyzes data on road traffic accidents (RTA) in Fars province, whose roads are among the highly dangerous ones in Iran. It investigates educational level and age involved in RTA in order to discover patterns that can prevent or decrease accidents. Methods: This research made use of data visualization techniques to find hidden patterns. The data included mortality rate related to RTA in Fars province and were obtained from Fars Forensic Medicine Registry covering a period of 1 year from March 21, 2010 to March 21, 2011. All data were analyzed using SPSS 11.5. The results were reported as descriptive indices such as frequency (percentage). The Chi-square test was applied to the data concerning educational level and age. P value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: In the mentioned period, 1 831 people were killed, out of whom un/lowly educated people (69.6%) accounted for the highest mortality rate. The significant relationship between educational level and mortality rate was found (X2 equal to 275.98, P less than 0.0001).Also three was a significant association between age and mortality rate (X2 equal to 371.20, P less than 0.0001). Young people (age between 20 and 29 years) contribute to higher RTA mortality rate compared with other age groups. Conclusion: The educational level and age are significantly correlated to mortality rate. The youth and un/lowly educated people suffer more fatal RTA. PMID:24103823

Sami, Ashkan; Moafian, Ghasem; Najafi, Arman; Aghabeigi, Mohammad-Reza; Yamini, Navid; Heydari, Seyed-Taghi; Lankarani, Kamran-B

2013-10-01

449

Reclaiming the Weekend Ethnic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author, director of the Title IX Ethnic Studies Project at the National Center for Urban Ethnic Affairs in Washington, D.C., discussed the value of ethnic origins and how they tie into our religious and social fabric. (RK)|

Plocha, Edward F.

1975-01-01

450

Autocratic rule in ethnically-diverse societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

An autocrat who is politically insecure may not invest in income-enhancing goods like education, roads, the rule of law, etc. The novelty of this paper is to argue that ethnic diversity and discrimination exacerbate an autocrat's fear of the negative effect of high income or income-enhancing investments like public education on his political survival. I show that in such ethnically-diverse

J. Atsu Amegashie

2008-01-01

451

University Unbound! Higher Education in the Age of "Free"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Innovators and entrepreneurs are using technologies to make freely available the things for which universities charge significant money. MOOCs (massive open online courses), free online courses, lecture podcasts, low-cost off-the-shelf general education courses, online tutorials, digital collections of open learning resources, open badges--all…

Harney, John O.

2012-01-01

452

Further Education for the New Millennium. The Learning Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the British government's response to the report "Learning Works," which was written by a committee charged with identifying ways of engaging individuals who have traditionally not taken advantage of educational opportunities. Chapter 1 outlines the following steps that the government proposes to take to promote lifelong…

Department for Education and Employment, London (England).

453

Work in progress — The age of apathy: Reigniting engineering educating  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last several decades have seen great changes in education. Technology has altered both the way we teach and learn. Students today are cited as being no less inherently intelligent than their peers of the past but as being much less focused and much less capable of the inductive thinking required for innovation. The attitude has shifted from needing to

Elif Eda Miskioglu

2011-01-01

454

Education in an Age of Social Turbulence (A Roundtable)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The latest scheduled Sorokin Readings on "Global Social Turbulence and Russia," a topic whose relevance has been confirmed by events of the past 10 years, were held on 6-7 December at Moscow State University. One key factor that keeps such turbulence in check is the education level as a factor of a high standard of living. The array of problems…

Russian Education and Society, 2012

2012-01-01

455

PR Theory And Education In The Age Of Globalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

PR as a field of study has made great strides in the past three decades. In terms of education offerings, programs in PR have multiplied both in the United States, the country where the field traces its academic origins and its major developments, and in the rest of the world. Institutionally speaking, PR academic programs are housed either in Departments\\/Schools

Prodromos Yannas

456

DESIGN EDUCATION IN THE AGE OF MEDIA CONVERGENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of digital media has enabled the convergence of different technologies and forms of communication into a single distribution network, while also leading to the diversification of media forms. These convergent and divergent phenomena have affected the way in which products and services are created and delivered. This paper explores the implications of new communication technologies on design education,

Joyce S R YEE

457

Andragogy in the information age educating the IT adult learner  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning takes place as an act, process or experiences of gaining knowledge or skills about a topic. Androgagy has become the study of how adults learn in our modern society. This knowledge can only help the information technology educator understand their students and help assist in preparing both faculty and students for a better classroom experience. Knowles has taken some

Rebecca H. Rutherfoord

2004-01-01

458

Political Education: National Policy Comes of Age. The Updated Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Political insider Christopher Cross has updated his critically acclaimed book to reflect recent education policy developments, including the impact of the Obama administration and "Race to the Top" as well as the controversy over NCLB's reauthorization. Featuring a new introduction and the addition of postscripts for key chapters, this important…

Cross, Christopher T.

2010-01-01

459

At Age 100, Chemical Engineering Education Faces Changing World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stresses the need for chemical engineering education to keep abreast of current needs. Explores the need for global economics, marketing strategy, product differentiation, and patent law in the curriculum. Questions the abilities of current chemical engineering graduate students in those areas. (MVL)|

Krieger, James

1988-01-01

460

Coming of Age: The Future of Business Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Business education is changing. In May 1998, 200 people attended Canada's first Spirituality in the Workplace Conference. If traditional business schools fade away, there will be a need for institutions able to train and mentor future leaders to a standard that is in touch with cultural dynamics and expects appropriate spiritual, moral, and…

Evans, Robert; Turner, Virginia

1999-01-01

461

Creativity and Education Futures: Learning in a Digital Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the future of education when the possibilities that exist for children change and advance so rapidly and are so uncertain? Where learning occurs as naturally in a Web 2.0 environment as in the playground, playing field, front room or street? Where adults may still be playing and experimenting far beyond their childhood in ways we could…

Craft, Anna

2010-01-01

462

Transforming Higher Education or (NUTN and the Information Age).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New values, economic necessity, computers, and telecommunications interacting on each other are transforming our personal lives and our institutions. These changes can be for the good if we transform ourselves to handle them properly as a new dimension in society. Higher education, by its very nature, should be affected profoundly as we move into…

Grantham, J. O.

463

Political Education: National Policy Comes of Age. The Updated Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political insider Christopher Cross has updated his critically acclaimed book to reflect recent education policy developments, including the impact of the Obama administration and "Race to the Top" as well as the controversy over NCLB's reauthorization. Featuring a new introduction and the addition of postscripts for key chapters, this important…

Cross, Christopher T.

2010-01-01

464

Catholic Theological Education in a Religiously Pluralistic Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the transformation of Catholic theological education over the last fifty years from a highly defensive posture vis-a-vis other religions toward dialogical engagement with members of other religions and all persons of good will. Until Vatican II, most Catholic theologians and officials distrusted exploration of other…

Lefebure, Leo D.

2006-01-01

465

Bilingual Bicultural Education in the Compton Unified School District and Its Relevance to a Multi-Ethnic Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Compton Bilingual Plan is a multi-cultural program designed to foster language preservation as a national resource to promote a well-educated, well-adjusted citizenry able to function effectively in two languages and in two or more cultures. The children are taught in two languages, Spanish and English, and are openly participating in…

Goodman, Frank M.

466

U.S. Educational Achievement on International Assessments: The Role of Race and Ethnicity. RTI Research Report Series. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The debate about the performance of US students on international assessments of educational achievement routinely fails to account for one consistently stark result: US achievement is bifurcated between a group of high-performing Asian and white students and an exceptionally low-performing group of black and Hispanic students. By summarizing…

Dalton, Ben

2011-01-01

467

The Office of Naval Research support underrepresented ethnic groups mentoring model redirecting science education: An "investigative" case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While the debate about education in general and science education in particular for every student continues world wide and in the United States of America, the debate points to an underrepresentation of and underachievement by African-Americans (Ferguson, 1981). Given the intent of access to scientific knowledge for every student, the value of scientific knowledge in our society and the fact that the United States of America is a community espousing equal opportunity, it is important to investigate whether or not the situation allows access to scientific knowledge that can be improved through a specific mentoring program for African Americans on historically white university campuses. Education is a cultural process (Gay & Cole, 1966). Each member of a society or a group must learn to act appropriately as a cultural member and contribute to its maintenance and, occasionally to its improvement. The primary aim of education in all societies, either formal or informal, is to provide every citizen with the skills to be self-sufficient and to contribute to the nation's welfare. This is a cultural study of African-American students in a mentoring program. Accordingly, it highlights an understanding of the relationship between schools and communities, educational and social systems, and educational and cultural settings that are meaningful in the present paradigm. The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the efforts of the Office of Naval Research (ONR) program which mentors African-Americans by redirecting and encouraging them to pursue careers in the scientific fields. The study investigates whether African-American students at Florida State University (FSU), a historically white university, and a participant in the Office of Naval Research (ONR) program, significantly benefits African-American students by providing a mentor with the same cultural background. The study also explores findings that were generated through research to explain the importance of mentoring African-Americans is disproportionately affected by the pedagogical content knowledge base for science practice on the university campus. The research is significant because it highlights an understanding of underrepresentation of African-Americans and the African-American students understanding of those who are charged with the responsibility of educating them on historically white university campuses.

Garner-Williams, Elizabeth

468

Mother's consent to linkage of survey data with her child's birth records in a multi-ethnic national cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results Consent for linkage to birth register and\\/or hospital maternity data was obtained from 92% of the cohort mothers. The proportions consenting differed according to the mother's country of residence, age, and education, with consent being less likely among minority ethnic group mothers, lone parents, and those with higher degrees or no qualifications. Where interviews had been translated, consent was

A Rosemary Tate; Lisa Calderwood; Carol Dezateux; Heather Joshi

2005-01-01

469

Factors in Exposure Assessment: Ethnic and Socioeconomic Differences in Fishing and Consumption of Fish Caught along the Savannah River  

Microsoft Academic Search

South Carolina has issued fish consumption advisories for the Savannah River based on mercury and radionuclide levels. We examine differences in fishing rates and fish consumption of 258 people interviewed while fishing along the Savannah River, as a function of age, education, ethnicity, employment history, and income, and test the assumption that the average consumption of fish is less than

Joanna Burger; Warren L. Stephens; C. Shane Boring; Michelle Kuklinski; J. Whitfield Gibbons; Michael Gochfeld

1999-01-01

470

The golden age of BTEC: the business education curriculum in 1980s further education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an account of ‘three generations’ of the Business Education Council (BEC)\\/Business and Technician (later Technology) Education Council (BTEC) curriculum as implemented in further education colleges between 1979 and 1992. There is discussion of aspects of the underlying philosophy of BEC\\/BTEC, the structure and content of the programmes, skills, assessment, work experience, learning strategies, and aspects of monitoring

Roy Fisher

2003-01-01

471

Aspects of Media Education: Strategic Imperatives in the Information Age. Media Education Publication 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume examines current trends in media education, modern information and communication technologies (MICT), open and distance learning (ODL), and science and technology education. Papers include: "Towards a Communal Curriculum: Strategic Planning and the Emerging Knowledge of Media Education" (Seppo Tella, Marja Mononen-Aaltonen, & Heikki…

Tella, Seppo, Ed.

472

Aging of theory of mind: the influence of educational level and cognitive processing.  

PubMed

Previous studies of theory of mind (ToM) in old age have provided mixed results. We predicted that educational level and cognitive processing are two factors influencing the pattern of the aging of ToM. To test this hypothesis, a younger group who received higher education (mean age 20.46 years), an older group with an education level equal to that of the young group (mean age 76.29 years), and an older group with less education (mean age 73.52 years) were recruited. ToM tasks included the following tests: the second-order false-belief task, the faux-pas task, the eyes test, and tests of fundamental aspects of cognitive function that included two background tests (memory span and processing speed) and three subcomponents of executive function (inhibition, updating, and shifting). We found that the younger group and the older group with equally high education outperformed the older group with less education in false-belief and faux-pas tasks. However, there was no significant difference between the two former groups. The three groups of participants performed equivalently in the eyes test as well as in control tasks (false-belief control question, faux-pas control question, faux-pas control story, and Eyes Test control task). The younger group outperformed the other two groups in the cognitive processing tasks. Mediation analyses showed that difficulties in inhibition, memory span, and processing speed mediated the age differences in false-belief reasoning. Also, the variables of inhibition, updating, memory span, and processing speed mediated age-related variance in faux-pas. Discussion focused on the links between ToM aging, educational level, and cognitive processing. Supported by Chinese National Natural Science Foundation (number: 30870766) and Anhui Province Natural Science Foundation (number: 11040606M166). PMID:22515730

Li, Xiaoming; Wang, Kai; Wang, Fan; Tao, Qian; Xie, Yu; Cheng, Qi

2012-04-19

473

Influence of verbal intelligence, sex, age, and education on the rey auditory verbal learning test  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of verbal intelligence, sex, age, and education on the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) were investigated. The RAVLT is a widely used instrument for assessing memory dysfunction. Healthy volunteers (N = 114) between the ages of 40 and 84 years participated. In the best?fitting regression model, verbal intelligence and sex accounted for a significant proportion of the

Margit L. Bleecker

1986-01-01

474

Validity of a short form of the category test in relation to age, education, and gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data for 289 subjects participating in an ongoing study of neuropsychological test performance were used to evaluate the relationship between age and prediction of performance on the long form of the Halstead-Reitan Category Test (CAT) from a short form developed by Calsyn, O'Leary, and Chaney (1980). The major questions were whether: (a) age, education, or gender would add to prediction

Thomas W. Pierce; Merrill F. Elias; Patrick J. Keohane; Anthony M. Podraza; Michael A. Robbins; Norman R. Schultz

1989-01-01

475

Down syndrome, paternal age and education: comparison of California and the Czech Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The association between maternal age and risk of Down syndrome has been repeatedly shown in various populations. However, the effect of paternal age and education of parents has not been frequently studied. Comparative studies on Down syndrome are also rare. This study evaluates the epidemiological characteristics of Down syndrome in two culturally and socially contrasting population settings, in California

Dagmara Dzurova; Hynek Pikhart

2005-01-01

476

Adult Learning, Generativity and "Successful" Aging in Multicultural Perspective: A Hmong American Educational Biography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document examines the themes of adult learning, generativity, and successful aging against the backdrop of the biography of a Hmong refugee who immigrated to the United States in 1988 at the age of 35, began studying English as a second language (ESL), and continues to study ESL in adult education classes while six of his seven children…

Hones, Donald F.

477

Race & Ethnicity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The English Server at the University of Washington (see the December 12, 1996 Scout Report) consists of reference material, essays, fiction and non-fiction books, and other resources "addressing issues of race and ethnicity in the United States." The Server's selections are discriminating and up-to-date with essays by luminaries in the field such as bell hooks, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and Cornel West; autobiographical narratives from Frederick Douglass and W.E.B. DuBois; a useful list of links to high-quality Websites; and famous "quotables" such as Martin Luther King's "I have a Dream" speech and Nelson Mandela's speech upon his release from prison. A keyword search engine is also available.

1990-01-01

478

ETHNIC MINORITY ELDERS: ISSUES AND INTERVENTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the nation's increasing older population, there are more ethnic minorities over the age of 65 than ever before. Therefore, mental health counselors can expect to encounter ethnic elders and their families with more frequency. Developing an understanding of their cultural environment is critical for culturally responsive counseling. This article is intended to provide a broad overview of cultural

Henry L. Harris

1998-01-01

479

Social identity and ethnic prejudice in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the presence of ethnic prejudice is problematic in any sector of the community, the possibility that it may be widespread among school age (and even younger) children is of particular concern. During this period, children acquire social knowledge and attitudes which may endure into adulthood and which, in the case of ethnic prejudice, have the potential to lead to

DREW NESDALE

480

COMPUTER-BASED EDUCATION IN THE AGE OF NARCISSISM  

Microsoft Academic Search

To many observers, the world is entering a new age with the advent of electronic communication technology, particularly television and computers. This mental revolution will probably cause as many changes as did the industrial revolution; mental energy will be extended as physical energy has been extended. These changes will come to all societies, developed and underdeveloped. One of the effects

John E. Searles

1982-01-01

481

Aging Education in Elementary School Textbooks in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the advent of an aging society, the older population is gradually increasing and people are living longer than ever before. However, older people are often portrayed in school textbooks as insignificant, unhealthy, sad, passive, and dependent. That is, ageism emerges in school textbooks in subtle ways. Under this circumstance, children may…

Huang, Chin-Shan

2011-01-01

482

Transforming Higher Education in the Information Age: Presidents Respond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College presidents respond to an article by Richard Nolan challenging college and university presidents and chancellors to transform their campuses for survival and competitive advantage in the information age. Respondents include Richard D. Breslin, David M. Clarke, Joseph Cronin, Thomas Ehrlich, Donald N. Langenberg, Harold McAninch, and Donald…

Breslin, Richard D.; And Others

1991-01-01

483

Transforming Higher Education in the Information Age: Presidents Respond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College presidents respond to an article by Richard Nolan challenging college and university presidents and chancellors to transform their campuses for survival and competitive advantage in the information age. Respondents include Richard D. Breslin, David M. Clarke, Joseph Cronin, Thomas Ehrlich, Donald N. Langenberg, Harold McAninch, and Donald…

Breslin, Richard D.; And Others

1991-01-01

484

Asian American Literature: Resource and Training for Multi-Cultural Education. Final Reports: Program Performance and Financial Status. Ethnic Heritage Studies Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the report of a project designed to train secondary school teachers and other ethnic studies personnel in Hawaii in the area of Asian American literature so as to enhance their understanding of ethnic identity, interethnic relations, and the process of American multiculturalism. The project performance report includes a description of a…

Ogawa, Dennis M.

485

Asian American Literature: Resource and Training for Multi-Cultural Education. Final Reports: Program Performance and Financial Status. Ethnic Heritage Studies Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the report of a project designed to train secondary school teachers and other ethnic studies personnel in Hawaii in the area of Asian American literature so as to enhance their understanding of ethnic identity, interethnic relations, and the process of American multiculturalism. The project performance report includes a description of a…

Ogawa, Dennis M.

486

Primary Prevention Approaches to the Development of Mental Health Services for Ethnic Minorities: A Challenge to Social Work Education and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph contains articles on mental health needs, experiences, and preventive social work programs in ethnic minority communities. An overview by Gwenelle Styles O'Neal reviews factors that influence the mental health of ethnic minorities and explores family and community support networks for alleviating stress. Susan Bellinger examines…

Miller, Samuel O., Ed.; And Others

487

The Aged as User Group. Aging as a Process in Design Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MIT research work has expanded into the design studio setting as a result of the Curriculum Project of the Gerontological Society. A classification method for screening the literature on design needs for the elderly and a set of daily-life scenarios help in current design education. (LBH)

Howell, Sandra C.

1977-01-01

488

Enhancing Astronomy Education Through Cross-Age Student Tutoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vast distances, such as those that pervade astronomy, are difficult concepts to grasp. We are all a part of the Earth-Moon system, however most people do not comprehend the sizes and distances involved. In a pilot study, the authors found that an intervention using both discussion and kinesthetic modeling resulted in students of all ages (children up through adults) acquiring a more accurate mental representation of the Earth-Moon system. We have extended this research and are currently conducting a new study in which undergraduate students serve as "tutors" in a public observatory setting. One of our conjectures is that tutors' mental representations of the Earth-Moon system will be enhanced through their active participation in the cross-age peer tutoring activity. This work is supported in part by grants from the Center for the Integration of Research, Teaching, and Learning (CIRTL), the Vanderbilt University Learning Sciences Institute, and NSF Career grant AST-0349075.

Grundstrom, Erika; Taylor, R. S.

2009-01-01

489

Nutrition Education to Prevent Obesity in School-Aged Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

About 15.3% of children ages 6-11 are obese; an 8% increase since 1980. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys have provided nationally representative data on health statistics since the 1960’s. Comparing these surveys, the growing rates of childhood obesity are undeniable, as are the increasing rates of children diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and multiple other conditions associated

Marilyn Susanne Lee

2004-01-01

490

ENHANCING UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION IN PSYCHOLOGY OF AGING THROUGH FACULTY DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

A faculty enhancement program was developed to enable psychology instructors incorporate up?to?date content on aging into their courses. With support from the National Science Foundation, I conducted a 2?week institute for 22 teachers from 2? and 4?year colleges, provided them with consultation during and after the institute, maintained contact with them through reunions and newsletters, and organized a follow?up institute

Chandra M. Mehrotra

1996-01-01

491

Infusing and Sustaining Aging Content in Social Work Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents findings from experiences of 67 projects involved in GeroRich, an initiative funded by the John A. Hartford Foundation designed to infuse, enrich and sustain aging content in BSW and MSW curricula. Thematic qualitative analysis was used to uncover themes in answers to open-ended questions contained in End-of-Year 2 project reports. Content areas addressed by open-ended answers were:

Kristina M. Hash; Jody Gottlieb; Karen V. Harper-Dorton; Geraldine Crawley-Woods; Katherine Shelek-Furbee; John David Smith; Rita Brown

2007-01-01

492

Effect of birth weight, maternal education and prenatal smoking on offspring intelligence at school age.  

PubMed

To examine the combined effect of birth weight, mothers' education and prenatal smoking on psychometrically measured intelligence at school age 1,822 children born in 1992-1999 and attending the first six grades from 45 schools representing all of the fifteen Estonian counties with information on birth weight, gestational age and mother's age, marital status, education, parity and smoking in pregnancy, and intelligence tests were studied. The scores of Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices were related to the birth weight: in the normal range of birth weight (>or=2500 g) every 500 g increase in birth weight was accompanied by around 0.7-point increase in IQ scores. A strong association between birth weight and IQ remained even if gestational age and mother's age, marital status, education, place of residence, parity and smoking during pregnancy have been taken into account. Maternal prenatal smoking was accompanied by a 3.3-point deficit in children's intellectual abilities. Marriage and mother's education had an independent positive correlation with offspring intelligence. We concluded that the statistical effect of birth weight, maternal education and smoking in pregnancy on offspring's IQ scores was remarkable and remained even if other factors have been taken into account. PMID:20634008

Rahu, Kaja; Rahu, Mati; Pullmann, Helle; Allik, Jüri

2010-07-14

493

Education in a Rapidly Changing Democracy: Strengthening Civic Education for Citizens of all Ages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The shifting relationship between citizens and government has special implications for public schools. How schools approach civic education isn't just a matter of course content--it is wrapped up in how teachers and administrators view their role in the larger community. This article describes ways in which both civic education for young people…

Leighninger, Matt; Levine, Peter

2008-01-01

494

Comparative Education, Border Pedagogy, and Teacher Education in an Age of Internationalisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls to internationalise higher education have intensified in recent years, particularly as educational services have grown to become a significant export industry within the Australian economy. This measure is indicative, however, of the relatively narrow way in which internationalisation has been constructed, and its political utility in…

Parkes, Robert J.; Griffiths, Tom G.

2009-01-01

495

Information Age Teacher Education: Educational Collaboration To Prepare Teachers for Today's Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes two pilot programs at the University of North Florida (Jacksonville, FL) that connect instructional technology into the teacher education program: one uses technology in a community-based learning environment to improve preservice elementary teachers' science education preparation; the second involves a learning community of students…

Cavanaugh, Cathy

2003-01-01

496

Special Education Forms. Volume 2: Early Childhood Special Education for Children Three to School Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document comprises forms (and directions for their use) used in Oregon which meet the state regulations for Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) as well as the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Forms are identified as either required or optional and are presented in a two-page format, with one page identifying…

Fink, Sandra; Allen, Diana

497

Re-examining ethnic differences in concerns, knowledge, and beliefs about Alzheimer's disease: results from a national sample.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate ethnic group differences in concerns, knowledge, and beliefs about Alzheimer's disease (AD) in three ethnic groups of older adults (White, Latino, and Black). METHODS: The Health and Retirement Study is a US national representative study of older adults over the age of 50?years and their spouse of any age. The study is based on the 2010 wave. RESULTS: Analysis is based on data from 939 White, 120 Latino, and 171 Black respondents who completed a special module about AD concerns, knowledge, and beliefs. There were significant ethnic differences on 7 of 13 items. However, after the adjustment for education, gender, age, having a family member with AD, depressive symptoms, and medical comorbidity, only four items showed significant ethnic group differences; relative to White respondents, Black respondents were less likely to report that having a parent or a sibling with AD increases the chance of developing AD and that genetics was an important risk for AD. In addition, relative to White respondents, both Black and Latino respondents were more likely to perceive stress as a potential risk for AD. Latino respondents were less likely to perceive mental activity as a protective factor. CONCLUSIONS: The study found limited ethnic group differences, with most items showing a similar pattern across groups. Nevertheless, the nature of the ethnic group differences found might be associated with a differential pattern of health service use. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:23559458

Ayalon, Liat

2013-04-01

498

Ethnic-Based Nuptial Regimes and Marriage Behaviour  

PubMed Central

What role do cultural norms play in shaping individual behaviour and how does this relationship change with rapid socioeconomic development? While modernization and convergence theories predict a weakened relationship between culture and behaviour as individuals rely less on family and community members for economic opportunities, recent research suggests that such norms can persist and continue to influence behaviour. We explored this question in the context of Indonesia, asking whether cultural norms for age at marriage and post-marriage residence—as articulated by local ethnic-based laws and customs known as ‘adat’—influence actual marriage behaviour. We demonstrate that adat norms are strong predictors of marriage behaviours, both over time and net of large increases in educational attainment. Our results suggest more generally that ethnic-based nuptial regimes can be critical and persistent determinants of marriage behaviours even as societies rapidly develop.

Buttenheim, Alison M.; Nobles, Jenna

2009-01-01

499

Preadolescents' Understanding of Ethnic Discrimination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social representation theory was used as a heuristic framework for investigating preadolescents' (193 Dutch and ethnic minority respondents between 10 and 13 years of age) understanding of discrimination in the Netherlands. Shared beliefs and understandings were found regarding when a specific act was considered discriminatory, who the actors were, and why the discrimination occurred. The prototypical example of discrimination was

Maykel Verkuyten; Barbara Kinket; Charlotte van der Wielen

1997-01-01

500

The Ethnicity of Adolescent Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study of adolescence may have come of age, but it remains debatable whether research appropriately considers the ethnic diversity of adolescence. Given a heightened interest in supporting a more inclusive approach to adolescent research, this study takes stock of how seriously we actually are pursuing a more inclusive study of adolescence. To…

Levesque, Roger J. R.

2007-01-01