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1

Use of force in minority communities is related to police education, age, experience, and ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some experts argue that better-educated police may use less force, but research has been equivocal. In three mainly-minority US cities, 511 officers reported their use of force, acceptance of others’ force use, age, experience, ethnicity, and education. Among patrol officers only, education predicted less frequent force and lower levels of force use. Across all duties, including patrol officers, detectives and

Christopher Chapman

2011-01-01

2

The association of gender, ethnicity, age, and education with rorschach scores.  

PubMed

We examined the association of gender, ethnicity, age, and education with 60 Rorschach scores using three clinical and nonclinical samples of adults and youths (ns = 640, 249, and 241). As anticipated for our data sets, there were no reliable associations for gender, ethnicity, or adult age. However, in adults years of education was associated with variables indicative of complexity, the articulation of subtlety and nuance, cognitive synthesis, and coping resources. In the clinical sample of youths, increasing age was primarily associated with more conventional perception and less illogical thought processes. Limitations are discussed in conjunction with further research that could address them, along with implications for applied practice. PMID:25059682

Meyer, Gregory J; Giromini, Luciano; Viglione, Donald J; Reese, Jennifer B; Mihura, Joni L

2015-02-01

3

The Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT): Norms for Age, Education, and Ethnicity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demographic influences on performance on a modified version of the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (D. Gronwall and H. Sampson, 1974), a measure of some cognitive functions, were studied with 566 healthy North-American adults. Age, education, and ethnicity were significant predictors. A formula and tables are presented for computing T scores…

Diehr, Michael C.; Heaton, Robert K.; Miller, Walden; Grant, Igor

1998-01-01

4

Physical Disability Trajectories in Older Americans with and without Diabetes: The Role of Age, Gender, Race or Ethnicity, and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This research combined cross-sectional and longitudinal data to characterize age-related trajectories in physical disability for adults with and without diabetes in the United States and to investigate if those patterns differ by age, gender, race or ethnicity, and education. Design and Methods: Data were examined on 20,433 adults aged 51…

Chiu, Ching-Ju; Wray, Linda A.

2011-01-01

5

Ethnicity and Aging: A Bibliography. Checklists in the Humanities and Education: Series Number Eight.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature on ethnicity and aging is listed in this bibliography, which is intended to assist researchers, teachers, and policymakers. The bibliography is divided into seven categories: (1) multiethnic and general studies; (2) Black Americans; (3) Hispanic Americans; (4) Native Americans; (5) Asian and Pacific Americans; (6) European origin ethnic

Murguia, Edward, Comp.; And Others

6

Ethnicity: A Continuum on Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to develop a clearer understanding of the role of education in the formation of ethnicity. The basic meaning of the term "ethnicity" is that it gives a distinct identity to a community and distinguishes one community or an individual from another. It has been found that ethnic consciousness or ethnic identity has been in increase…

Chakraborty, Sujata; Ghosh, Bhola Nath

2013-01-01

7

Intake of Seafood in the US Varies by Age, Income, and Education Level but Not by Race-Ethnicity  

PubMed Central

Current US federal dietary guidance recommends regular consumption of seafood (fish + shellfish) to promote health; however, little is known about how well Americans meet the guideline, particularly population subgroups that may be at risk for inadequate intake. The purposes of this study were to describe the prevalence of seafood consumption and, among consumers, the amounts of seafood eaten by sex, age group, income and education level, and race-ethnicity. Data from 15,407 adults aged 19+ participating in the 2005–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were analyzed using methods to account for sporadic intake of seafood. Over 80% of Americans reported consuming any seafood over the past 30 days, 74% reported consuming fish, and 54% reported eating shellfish. The percentages varied by socio-demographic group. Younger age and lower income and education levels were associated with lower odds of being a seafood consumer (p < 0.0001). Among those who reported eating seafood, the average amount eaten of any seafood was 158.2 ± 5.6 g/week. Among seafood consumers, women and individuals of lower age and education levels consumed less seafood. Approximately 80%–90% of seafood consumers did not meet seafood recommendations when needs were estimated by energy requirements. A great deal of work remains to move Americans toward seafood consumption at current recommended levels. PMID:25533013

Jahns, Lisa; Raatz, Susan K.; Johnson, LuAnn K.; Kranz, Sibylle; Silverstein, Jeffrey T.; Picklo, Matthew J.

2014-01-01

8

Intake of Seafood in the US Varies by Age, Income, and Education Level but Not by Race-Ethnicity.  

PubMed

Current US federal dietary guidance recommends regular consumption of seafood (fish + shellfish) to promote health; however, little is known about how well Americans meet the guideline, particularly population subgroups that may be at risk for inadequate intake. The purposes of this study were to describe the prevalence of seafood consumption and, among consumers, the amounts of seafood eaten by sex, age group, income and education level, and race-ethnicity. Data from 15,407 adults aged 19+ participating in the 2005-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were analyzed using methods to account for sporadic intake of seafood. Over 80% of Americans reported consuming any seafood over the past 30 days, 74% reported consuming fish, and 54% reported eating shellfish. The percentages varied by socio-demographic group. Younger age and lower income and education levels were associated with lower odds of being a seafood consumer (p < 0.0001). Among those who reported eating seafood, the average amount eaten of any seafood was 158.2 ± 5.6 g/week. Among seafood consumers, women and individuals of lower age and education levels consumed less seafood. Approximately 80%-90% of seafood consumers did not meet seafood recommendations when needs were estimated by energy requirements. A great deal of work remains to move Americans toward seafood consumption at current recommended levels. PMID:25533013

Jahns, Lisa; Raatz, Susan K; Johnson, LuAnn K; Kranz, Sibylle; Silverstein, Jeffrey T; Picklo, Matthew J

2014-01-01

9

Race, Ethnicity and Public Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue contains papers on race and ethnicity in public education: "Introduction" (Philip Hart); "Toward Democratic Education: The Importance of Culturally Responsive Leadership in 21st Century Schools" (Donna M. Davis); "Improving the Selection Process for Identifying Gifted Ethnic Minority Children" (John Dillard and Nettye R. Brazil);…

Hart, Philip S., Ed.

2002-01-01

10

Differences in Vigorous and Moderate Physical Activity by Gender, Race/Ethnicity, Age, Education, and Income among U.S. Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Inconsistent findings exist regarding correlates of physical activity (PA) in the literature. Leisure-time physical activity among U.S. adults has declined for the last decade. Purpose: This article examines differences in vigorous-intensity and moderate-intensity physical activity by gender, race/ethnicity, age, education, and income…

Seo, Dong-Chul; Torabi, Mohammad

2007-01-01

11

Education and physical activity mediate the relationship between ethnicity and cognitive function in late middle-aged adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Minority status has been implicated as a risk factor for disparate scores on cognitive function tests in older adults. Research on ethnicity and cognitive function has yielded socioeconomic status, particularly education, as a primary reason for the discrepancy. Other factors, such as physical activity may provide insight into the relationship. Despite this knowledge, few studies have thoroughly examined the

Meredith C. Masel; Mukaila Raji; M. Kristen Peek

2010-01-01

12

Is Child Like Parent? Educational Attainment and Ethnic Origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The speed at which immigrants assimilate is the subject of debate. Human capital formation plays a major role in this discussion. This paper compares the educational attainment of second generation immigrants to those of natives in the same age cohort. Evidence using a large German data set suggests ethnicity does matter: the size of the ethnic network has a positive

Ira N. Gang; Klaus F. Zimmermann

1996-01-01

13

Educations in Ethnic Violence: Identity, Educational Bubbles, and Resource Mobilization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Educations in Ethnic Violence", Matthew Lange explores the effects education has on ethnic violence. Lange contradicts the widely-held belief that education promotes peace and tolerance. Rather, Lange finds that education commonly contributes to aggression, especially in environments with ethnic divisions, limited resources, and ineffective…

Lange, Matthew

2011-01-01

14

Ethnic Inequalities and Educational Attainment in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors examine educational stratification in Taiwan against the background of an ethnically based political economy. They investigate how educational attainment is related to ethnicity and other background factors, such as parental class and education, and if these relationships changed over time as Taiwan became a more…

Jao, Jui-Chang; McKeever, Matthew

2006-01-01

15

Ethnic Education and Crosscultural Awareness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When incorporating ethnic studies into social studies curricula, teachers should determine if (1) they personally advocate cultural pluralism, (2) they can present accurate historical information about subcultures despite textbook omissions, and (3) they are able to teach sensitive contemporary issues. For journal availability, see SO 505 790. (AV)

Dolgin, Ann B.

1977-01-01

16

Birds of an Ethnic Feather? Ethnic Identity Homophily among College-Age Friends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the degree to which pairs of friends report similar levels of ethnic identity. College-age friends (n=107 pairs; N=214 overall) completed measures of ethnic identity exploration and commitment, identity synthesis, relationship closeness, and frequency of talking to friends and family about ethnicity-related issues. Participants…

Syed, Moin; Juan, Mary Joyce D.

2012-01-01

17

Financial Education in Small Ethnic Minority Businesses in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to set out to evaluate the financial education needs of ethnic minority SMEs in the West Midlands region of the United Kingdom. Design/methodology/approach: A postal survey was used to investigate the financial needs of owner/managers in 64 ethnic minority SMEs and a control sample of 23 non-ethnic SMEs.…

Hussain, Javed; Matlay, Harry; Scott, Jonathan M.

2008-01-01

18

Ethnicity and Education Forum: What Difference Does Difference Make?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six panelists (Enrique Trueba, Ronald Takaki, Victoria Munoz, Sonia Nieto, Margaret Andersen, and Doris Sommer) discuss the following questions: What is ethnicity? Who decides? How is ethnicity connected to education? and What does it mean when racial minorities are referred to as ethnic? (SK)

Harvard Educational Review, 1997

1997-01-01

19

Ethnic Group Schooling and the Massachusetts Transitional Bilingual Education Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethnic schools (supplementary schools conducted on Saturday and weekday afternoons and religion-affiliated day schools) in the Boston area were surveyed in order to determine the effect of the Massachusetts Transitional Bilingual Education Act (TBEA) on ethnic schooling and the possibilities of ethnic school involvement with TBEA. The schools…

Chin, Big-Qu; Duda, Halyna

20

Romanticism as a function of age, sex, and ethnicity.  

PubMed

This study examined the association between romanticism (operationalized as mean score on the Romantic Beliefs Scale) and age, sex, and ethnicity in a large community sample (N = 436). Age was negatively correlated with romanticism scores; as age increased, romanticism scores decreased. No sex differences were found; men and women had similar, moderate scores. Although ethnicity largely was unrelated to romanticism, Asian/Pacific Islander participants were significantly more romantic than were African-American participants. PMID:21323155

Regan, Pamela C; Anguiano, Carlos

2010-12-01

21

The Limits of Social Class in Explaining Ethnic Gaps in Educational Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports an analysis of the educational attainment and progress between age 11 and age 14 of over 14,500 students from the nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Young People in England. The mean attainment gap in national tests at age 14 between White British and several ethnic minority groups was large, more than three times…

Strand, Steve

2011-01-01

22

Racial & Ethnic Diversity in Higher Education. ASHE Reader Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text is a resource on racial and ethnic diversity for faculty and students in higher education. It is organized in sections related to the history of racial and ethnic diversity in higher education, curriculum and teaching, students, faculty, administration, leadership and governance, and research issues. The chapters are: (1) "History of…

Turner, Caroline Sotello Viernes, Ed.; Garcia, Mildred, Ed.; Nora, Amaury, Ed.; Rendon, Laura I., Ed.

23

Occurrence and Co-Occurrence of Types of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use by Age, Gender, Ethnicity, and Education Among Adults in the United States: The 2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background There are widespread assumptions that a large proportion of American adults use a variety of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies. The goal of this study is to explore the clustering or linkages among CAM categories in the general population. Linkset analysis and data from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were used to address two specific aims. First, the dominant linkages of CAM categories used by the same individual were delineated, and population estimates were generated of the percentage of American adults using different linksets of CAM categories. Second, it was determined whether dominant linkages of CAM modalities differ by age, gender, ethnicity, and education. Methods Linkset analysis, a method of estimating co-occurrence beyond chance, was used on data from the 2002 NHIS (N?=?29,862) to identify possible sets of CAM use. Results Most adults use CAM therapies from a single category. Approximately 20% of adults combined two CAM categories, with the combination of mind–body therapies and biologically based therapies estimated to be most common. Only 5% of adults use therapies representing three or more CAM categories. Combining therapies across multiple CAM categories was more common among those 46–64, women, whites, and those with a college education. Conclusions The results of this study allow researchers to refine descriptions of CAM use in the adult population. Most adults do not use a wide assortment of CAM; most use therapies within a single CAM category. Sets of CAM use were found to differ by age, gender, ethnicity, and education in ways consistent with previous research. PMID:21495904

Aickin, Mikel; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Lang, Wei; Quandt, Sara A.; Bell, Ronny A.; Arcury, Thomas A.

2011-01-01

24

Race–Ethnicity and Measured Intelligence: Educational Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, issues pertaining to racial–ethnic differences in intelligence are addressed with regard to group-discrepancy misconceptions, profiles of abilities, historical context, factors associated with racial–ethnic differences, educational implications, and alternative methods of assessment. It appears that although numerous studies have been conducted to address this area, the focus on group differences has provided inconclusive data given that within-group differences

Lisa A. Suzuki; Richard R. Valencia

1997-01-01

25

Troubling Identities: Teacher Education Students' Constructions of Class and Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Working with diverse student populations productively depends on teachers and teacher educators recognizing and valuing difference. Too often, in teacher education programs, when markers of identity such as gender, ethnicity, "race", or social class are examined, the focus is on developing student teachers' understandings of how these discourses…

Allard, Andrea C.; Santoro, Ninetta

2006-01-01

26

On General Issues of Bilingual Education for Minority Ethnic Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Minority language literacy is an important issue in national education policy for any multi-nationality country. China sticks to the policy of safeguarding the rights and interests of ethnic minority groups to use their own languages and writing systems. In education, considering communications among different nationalities and the development of…

Mingyuan, Gu

2014-01-01

27

Ethnic Diversity, National Unity and Multicultural Education in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to review ethnic diversity, national unity and multicultural education in China with graduate students in a multicultural education course and pose some questions for discussion. China is a rapidly developing multiethnic country facing several challenges, including pollution, growing income inequality and low political…

Hinton, Samuel

2011-01-01

28

Environmental influences on skin aging and ethnic-specific manifestations  

PubMed Central

Skin aging does not only occur by passing time alone but also by the exposure to different environmental factors. The skin aging process, which is induced by environmental factors, is named premature or extrinsic skin aging process and can be distinguished from the chronologically (intrinsic) skin aging process by characteristic skin aging signs. Well known environmental factors leading to extrinsic skin aging are sun exposure and smoking. Recently, an epidemiological study could further discover an association between air pollution and skin aging. First of all the skin aging inducing effect of sun exposure was discovered and an own term (photoaging) was given to this special field of extrinsic skin aging. Mechanistic studies have further increased our knowledge about the molecular pathways by which environmental factors contribute to extrinsic skin aging. In this regard, profound knowledge how sun exposure leads to extrinsic skin aging were gained in the last years, and additionally there are also indications how smoking and air pollution might contribute to this process. Moreover it was realized that extrinsic skin aging manifests differently between different populations. Thus, in this review we summarize the influence of the different environmental factors: sun exposure, smoking and air pollution on skin aging and further present ethnic-specific manifestations of extrinsic skin aging. PMID:23467702

Vierkötter, Andrea; Krutmann, Jean

2012-01-01

29

Visually Translating Educational Materials for Ethnic Populations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing populations of older adults, ethnic minorities, and the low-literate create unique concerns for the design of visual information. Those for whom text presents a barrier will respond most to legibility, use of familiar formats and symbols, and simplification. Guidelines for those processes are needed, and this paper, in particular,…

Schiffman, Carole B.

30

Ethnic Bilingual Education for Canada's Minority Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historical forces and factors affecting the development of Canada's bilingual programs for ethnic minorities include changing immigration policies, a decline in Anglo-conformism and growth in multiculturalism, fears about native language maintenance and second language learning, and language and cultural attitudes in second language learning. (MSE)

Gillett, James Stephen

1987-01-01

31

Ethnicity, Race, and Nationality in Education: A Global Perspective. The Rutgers Invitational Symposium on Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains 12 papers originally presented at the 14th Rutgers Invitational Symposium on Education in 1999. The symposium explored contemporary issues of ethnic, cultural, and national identities and their influence on the social construction of identity. Papers include: (1) "Reconceptualizing Ethnicity and Educational Achievement"…

Shimahara, N. Ken, Ed.; Holowinsky, Ivan Z., Ed.; Tomlinson-Clarke, Saundra, Ed.

32

Infant health, race/ethnicity, and early educational outcomes using the ECLS-B.  

PubMed

Using data from the "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Birth Cohort," this article emphasizes the central role of poor infant health as a mechanism in the formation of early educational disparities. Results indicate that the varying prevalence of poor infant health across racial/ethnic groups explains a significant portion of the black disadvantage and a moderate portion of the Asian advantage relative to whites in math and reading skills at age four. Results also demonstrate that infant health is an equal opportunity offender across social groups as children with poor health are equally disadvantaged in terms of early cognitive development, regardless of racial/ethnic status. Overall, results indicate that health at birth has important consequences for individual educational achievement and racial/ethnic disparities in cognitive development and school readiness. PMID:22171366

Lynch, Jamie L

2011-01-01

33

Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups. NCES 2010-015  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups" examines the educational progress and challenges of students in the United States by race/ethnicity. This report shows that over time, the numbers of students of each race/ethnicity who have completed high school and continued their education in college have increased. Despite these…

Aud, Susan; Fox, Mary Ann; KewalRamani, Angelina

2010-01-01

34

Nuclear Age Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of the Oregon nuclear age education curriculum is to develop in students the knowledge and skills needed to meet the challenges of living in a nuclear age. This curriculum is developed around five general themes, each corresponding to a specific unit. The general goals for the units are: (Unit 1) to increase students' exposure to…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

35

Ethnicity, Inequality, and Higher Education in Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the development since 1957 of Malaysian education policies aimed at providing equitable access to higher education. Suggests that these policies have increased representation of the Malay underclass in tertiary institutions and the professions, but have had little effect on intraethnic class inequalities. 46 references. (SV)

Selvaratnam, Viswanathan

1988-01-01

36

Race, Ethnicity and Education under New Labour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1997 the New Labour government was eager to affirm a commitment to social justice and racial equality, and initially there were moves to address some long-standing educational grievances. But a continuation of Conservative market policies of choice and diversity in schooling and a targeting of 'failing' schools exacerbated school segregation…

Tomlinson, Sally

2005-01-01

37

Social Interaction, Age, and Ethnicity: An Examination of the "Double Jeopardy" Hypothesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationships among ethnicity, age and inherent social dilemmas. The study examines selected dependent variables (economic and health indicators, social interaction, and life satisfaction items) in an effort to determine the extent to which different configurations of age, ethnicity and socioeconomic status produce varying…

Dowd, James J.; Bengston, Vern L.

38

The Ongoing Pursuit of Educational Equity in Japan: The Accreditation of Ethnic High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003, the Japanese Ministry of Education accredited the high school diplomas of most "ethnic high schools," which are schools by and for specific ethnic minority populations, such as Korean, Brazilian, or Chinese students in Japan. Prior to this policy, diplomas from most ethnic high schools were not recognized by the Japanese government as…

Tokunaga, Tomoko; Douthirt-Cohen, Beth

2012-01-01

39

Ethnic Segregation in Malaysia's Education System: Enrolment Choices, Preferential Policies and Desegregation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethnic segregation has become an emerging feature in Malaysia's education system even though the institutional role of education should have been a unifying force for the country's multi-ethnic society. The underlying problem is that, at all levels of education provision in Malaysia, alternative streams are allowed to coexist alongside mainstream…

Raman, Santhiram R.; Sua, Tan Yao

2010-01-01

40

Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities. NCES 2007-039  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities" examines the educational progress and challenges that racial and ethnic minorities face in the United States. This report shows that over time larger numbers of minorities have completed high school and continued their education in college. Despite these gains, progress has…

KewalRamani, Angelina; Gilbertson, Lauren; Fox, Mary Ann; Provasnik, Stephen

2007-01-01

41

Racial and ethnic disparities in educational achievement and aspirations: findings from a statewide survey from 1998 to 2010.  

PubMed

Educational achievement and attainment are associated with health outcomes across the entire life span. The objective of this study was to determine whether racial/ethnic disparities in academic achievement and educational aspirations have changed over time. The study used data from the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) from 1998, 2001, 2004, 2007, and 2010. The MSS is administered to adolescents in public secondary schools, charter schools, and tribal schools. Measures of academic achievement and educational aspirations were examined by race/ethnicity, poverty status, and family structure. Chi square tests evaluated differences in the above proportions. The analytic sample included 351,510 adolescents (1998, N = 67,239; 2001, N = 69,177; 2004, N = 71,084; 2007, N = 72,312; and 2010, N = 71,698). Study participants ranged in age from 13 to 19 years (mean = 15.9, SD = 1.6). Most were white (81.7 %), followed by 5.4 % Asian American/Pacific Islander, 4.3 % Black/African American, 2.7 % Hispanic/Latino, 1 % American Indian, and 4.9 % mixed race. Results showed that academic achievement fluctuated amongst all the racial/ethnic groups, but there were significant race/ethnic disparities at every time point. Overall, academic aspirations increased over time among the adolescents. Poverty was associated with poorer academic indicators for white youth, but not consistently for other racial/ethnic groups of youth. Family structure, however, was significantly associated with the educational indicators across all racial and ethnic groups. Despite many efforts to improve educational outcomes, there remain significant disparities in educational achievement and aspirations related to race-ethnicity and social status. Findings have implications for efforts to improve adolescent health at both individual and community levels. PMID:24748215

Nitardy, Charlotte M; Duke, Naomi N; Pettingell, Sandra L; Borowsky, Iris W

2015-01-01

42

Aging Education: A National Imperative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Americans are living longer than ever before. However, many are not prepared for the long life ahead of them. Although lifespan-aging education has been endorsed since the first White House Conference on Aging in 1961, little is happening with aging education in our homes, schools and communities. Americans often reach old age with little or no…

McGuire, Sandra L.; Klein, Diane A.; Couper, Donna

2005-01-01

43

Ethnic differences in influences on quality of life at older ages: a quantitative analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article sets out to examine ethnic differences in the key influences on quality of life for older people in the context of the increasing health and wealth of British older people generally and the ageing of the post-1945 migrants. It is based on secondary multivariate analysis of the Fourth National Survey of Ethnic Minorities of England and Wales. Respondents

MADHAVI BAJEKAL; DAVID BLANE; INI GREWAL; SAFFRON KARLSEN; JAMES NAZROO

2004-01-01

44

Living independently as an ethnic minority elder: a relational perspective on the issues of aging and ethnic minorities.  

PubMed

This study examines the residential experiences of Korean ethnic elders in affordable housing in the greater Chicago area, focusing on how patterns of social relationships that evolved around a geographical location and its urban infrastructure enabled the elders to achieve their desire for residential independence. Based on the theoretical concept of activity settings and social capital, the study suggests an integrated theoretical model where social capital is understood as an embedded asset of an activity setting. Methodologically, this study uses a combined method of qualitative interviews with 138 Korean elders in affordable housing in the greater Chicago area and a geographic analysis of their social relationships in order to present associations among social relationships, urban infrastructures, and the shared value of independence within their residential communities. The study findings indicate that the elders mobilized ethnic businesses, urban infrastructures, and the collective efficacy of groups to achieve the shared goal of maintaining residential independence. In each community, a cultural broker acted as an important bridge between the community of ethnic minorities and the larger social networks coexisting within the community boundary. The relational perspective as a potent ground for understanding and further solving the issues of aging and ethnicity is highlighted. PMID:24722777

Shin, Jung-Hye

2014-06-01

45

Ethnocentrism and Ethnic-Based Peer Preferences in Higher Education Institutions: Challenges and Implications for Ethiopia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethiopia, a country containing more than 80 ethnic groups, has remarkably expanded the higher education sector and established universities based on equitable regional distribution in the two past decades. This article discusses and analyzes attitudes and behaviors of university students from various ethnic groups toward their own and other…

Admasu Gebru, Demewoz

2012-01-01

46

Obstacles to Addressing Race and Ethnicity in the Mathematics Education Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Research Commentary builds on a 2-stage literature review to argue that there are 4 obstacles to making a sociopolitical turn in mathematics education that would allow researchers to talk about race and ethnicity in ways that take both identity and power seriously: (a) the marginalization of discussions of race and ethnicity; (b) the…

Parks, Amy Noelle; Schmeichel, Mardi

2012-01-01

47

Ethnicity and Education in China and Vietnam: Discursive Formations of Inequality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to understand how ethnicity is discursively framed in national policies in China and Vietnam and argues that policy discourses affect how the "problem" of ethnicity and educational inequalities is framed and how these inequalities can be addressed. The analysis shows how both Marxist and market-economy governing…

DeJaeghere, Joan; Wu, Xinyi; Vu, Lisa

2015-01-01

48

Education of Ethnic Minority Children in Denmark: Monocultural Hegemony and Counter Positions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the dominant approach to education of ethnic minorities in Denmark. Using the concept of hegemony and the political-science distinction between monocultural and multicultural positions as approaches towards a situation of increasing linguistic, ethnic and cultural diversity, the paper shows how a monocultural approach has…

Horst, Christian; Gitz-Johansen, Thomas

2010-01-01

49

The Impact of Entrepreneurship Education on Succession in Ethnic Minority Family Firms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact that entrepreneurship education can have on succession in ethnic minority family firms that operate in the highly competitive UK economy. Design/methodology/approach: The paper employs a complex conceptual model of ethnic minority graduates' economic activities and outlines the possible…

Hussain, Javed G.; Scott, Jonathan M.; Matlay, Harry

2010-01-01

50

Interactional Issues in the Teaching of "Race" and Ethnicity in UK Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on research into the teaching of "race" and ethnicity in higher education, including interviews with lecturers and students of specialist sociology of "race" options. It focuses particularly on interactional issues: the conversations conducted about "race" and ethnicity within seminar rooms were often conflictual and emotional in…

Jacobs, Susie

2006-01-01

51

Race/ethnic disparities in reproductive age: An examination of ovarian reserve estimates across four race/ethnic groups of healthy, regularly-cycling women  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether reproductive age, indexed by a validated marker of ovarian reserve (antimüllerian hormone [AMH]), varies between women of different race/ethnic backgrounds. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Community-based sample. Patients Multi-ethnic sample of 947 (277 white, 237 African-American, 220 Latina, and 213 Chinese) healthy and regularly-cycling pre-menopausal women, ages 25-45. Interventions None. Main Outcome Measures(s) AMH level. Results A multivariate model was fit examining race/ethnicity, covariates, non-linear terms for age (age2, age3) and BMI (BMI2, BMI3), and 2-way interactions between race/ethnicity and each other predictor variable in relation to AMH. Following backward elimination, significant effects included race/ethnicity (F=8.45), age (F=349.94), race/ethnicity-by-linear age interaction (F=4.67), age2 (F=31.61), and BMI (F=10.69). Inspection of the significant race/ethnicity-by-linear age interaction showed AMH levels were consistently lower in the Latina vs. white women across all ages, whereas AMH levels were lower in the African-American and Chinese women vs. white women at younger and middle ages, respectively, and AMH levels were higher in the African-American vs. Latina and Chinese women at older ages. Conclusions Although results must be considered preliminary, findings are two-fold, suggesting 1) African-American women may have lower AMH levels at younger ages but experience less of a reduction in AMH with advancing age; and 2) Latina and Chinese women, compared to white women, may have lower AMH levels, marking a lower ovarian reserve and possible increased risk for earlier menopause. PMID:24182412

Bleil, Maria E.; Gregorich, Steven E.; Adler, Nancy E.; Sternfeld, Barbara; Rosen, Mitchell P.; Cedars, Marcelle I.

2014-01-01

52

Current State of Economic Returns from Education in China's Ethnic Regions and Explorations into Ways of Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic development and social progress in China's ethnic minority regions depend on improvements in population attributes brought about by education. Developing education in China's ethnic regions is a project of fundamental significance for realizing sustainable economic and social development in the ethnic regions. Improving the economic…

Lijun, Zhang; Fei, Wang

2010-01-01

53

The Teacher Education Socio-Ethnic Requirement of the College of Education, University of Washington: A Study of Enrollment Patterns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the fall of 1977, the College of Education of the University of Washington (Seattle) instituted a socio-ethnic course requirement for teacher certification candidates. To satisfy the requirement, candidates must successfully complete a course from each of two categories: Category A courses provide the student with a broad look at socio-ethnic

Beal, Jack L.; And Others

54

English Education and Aging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that English teachers are in an excellent position to help students learn about the aged and aging because they know literature that treats the joys and pains of later life and they understand how language shapes and reflects cultural attitudes. Proposes objectives and presents samples of activities to be used in an aging unit. (MM)

Gillis, Candida

1983-01-01

55

The Multi-Ethnic European City and Educational Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In European cities, ethnic minorities concentrate in physically and socially dilapidated areas, according to two different patterns. In the traditional pattern, ethnic minorities (who are among the lowest socioeconomic status groups) concentrate in the old and dilapidated buildings in inner city areas. Because inner city areas are becoming…

Blanc, Maurice

56

Ethnic Education for Future and Present Public Administrators. Director's Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Methods for teaching college students studying public administration about the cultures, values, and politics of major ethnic groups were studied. Several activities were undertaken. In one, graduate students at the State University of New York at Binghamton participated in two courses specifically focusing on ethnic cultures, entitled American…

Hanna, Mary T.

57

Ethnic Variability in Body Size, Proportions and Composition in Children Aged 5 to 11 Years: Is Ethnic-Specific Calibration of Bioelectrical Impedance Required?  

PubMed Central

Background Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) has the potential to be used widely as a method of assessing body fatness and composition, both in clinical and community settings. BIA provides bioelectrical properties, such as whole-body impedance which ideally needs to be calibrated against a gold-standard method in order to provide accurate estimates of fat-free mass. UK studies in older children and adolescents have shown that, when used in multi-ethnic populations, calibration equations need to include ethnic-specific terms, but whether this holds true for younger children remains to be elucidated. The aims of this study were to examine ethnic differences in body size, proportions and composition in children aged 5 to 11 years, and to establish the extent to which such differences could influence BIA calibration. Methods In a multi-ethnic population of 2171 London primary school-children (47% boys; 34% White, 29% Black African/Caribbean, 25% South Asian, 12% Other) detailed anthropometric measurements were performed and ethnic differences in body size and proportion were assessed. Ethnic differences in fat-free mass, derived by deuterium dilution, were further evaluated in a subsample of the population (n?=?698). Multiple linear regression models were used to calibrate BIA against deuterium dilution. Results In children <11 years of age, Black African/Caribbean children were significantly taller, heavier and had larger body size than children of other ethnicities. They also had larger waist and limb girths and relatively longer legs. Despite these differences, ethnic-specific terms did not contribute significantly to the BIA calibration equation (Fat-free mass?=?1.12+0.71*(height2/impedance)+0.18*weight). Conclusion Although clear ethnic differences in body size, proportions and composition were evident in this population of young children aged 5 to 11 years, an ethnic-specific BIA calibration equation was not required. PMID:25478928

Lee, Simon; Bountziouka, Vassiliki; Lum, Sooky; Stocks, Janet; Bonner, Rachel; Naik, Mitesh; Fothergill, Helen; Wells, Jonathan C. K.

2014-01-01

58

Affirmative Action and the University: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in Higher Education Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the impact of affirmative action on higher education hiring practices. Using data from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics, the book summarizes, tracks, and evaluates changes in the gender and ethnic makeup of academic and nonacademic…

Rai, Kul B.; Critzer, John W.

59

Admissions to Higher Education: Are There Biases against or in Favour of Ethnic Minorities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors comment on Tariq Modood's "Ethnicity, Muslims and higher education in Britain," which asserted that higher education had been a major success story for non-White minorities and argued that, if encouraged, Islam could be an influence on young Muslim men and women to take up educational opportunities that would…

Gittoes, Mark; Thompson, John

2007-01-01

60

Fetal age assessment based on 2nd trimester ultrasound in Africa and the effect of ethnicity  

PubMed Central

Background The African population is composed of a variety of ethnic groups, which differ considerably from each other. Some studies suggest that ethnic variation may influence dating. The aim of the present study was to establish reference values for fetal age assessment in Cameroon using two different ethnic groups (Fulani and Kirdi). Methods This was a prospective cross sectional study of 200 healthy pregnant women from Cameroon. The participants had regular menstrual periods and singleton uncomplicated pregnancies, and were recruited after informed consent. The head circumference (HC), outer-outer biparietal diameter (BPDoo), outer-inner biparietal diameter and femur length (FL), also called femur diaphysis length, were measured using ultrasound at 12–22 weeks of gestation. Differences in demographic factors and fetal biometry between ethnic groups were assessed by t- and Chi-square tests. Results Compared with Fulani women (N = 96), the Kirdi (N = 104) were 2 years older (p = 0.005), 3 cm taller (p = 0.001), 6 kg heavier (p < 0.0001), had a higher body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.001), but were not different with regard to parity. Ethnicity had no effect on BPDoo (p = 0.82), HC (p = 0.89) or FL (p = 00.24). Weight, height, maternal age and BMI had no effect on HC, BPDoo and FL (p = 0.2–0.58, 0.1–0.83, and 0.17–0.6, respectively). When comparing with relevant European charts based on similar design and statistics, we found overlapping 95% CI for BPD (Norway & UK) and a 0–4 day difference for FL and HC. Conclusion Significant ethnic differences between mothers were not reflected in fetal biometry at second trimester. The results support the recommendation that ultrasound in practical health care can be used to assess gestational age in various populations with little risk of error due to ethnic variation. PMID:18973673

Salpou, Daniel; Kiserud, Torvid; Rasmussen, Svein; Johnsen, Synnøve Lian

2008-01-01

61

Education for an Aging Planet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As low income societies experience rapid aging of their populations, they face major challenges in developing educational policies to prepare their workforce for the future. We review modest efforts undertaken to assist colleagues in three societies: Mexico, China, and Jamaica. Graduate education in gerontology has an important opportunity to…

Ingman, Stan; Amin, Iftekhar; Clarke, Egerton; Brune, Kendall

2010-01-01

62

Dental age related tables for children of various ethnic groups in South Africa.  

PubMed

The standard age estimation methods of Moorrees, Fanning & Hunt (1963) and that of Demirjian, Goldstein & Tanner (1973) have been shown by several authors to be inaccurate when applied to their juvenile population. This was similarly found to be true in South African children. Pantomographic radiographs of samples of South African children of White, Coloured, Indian and Black origin were used to develop dental age related tables for these ethnic groups. These dental age estimation tables were tested and are presented. PMID:22785094

Phillips, V M; van Wyk Kotze, T J

2009-12-01

63

An Educational Response to Aging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emphasis of this article is on aging and the needs of the elderly as a basis for developing educational content in the curriculum. It includes a description of a theoretical framework developed by Abraham Maslow for a holistic approach to needs of the aged. (Editor/RK)

McLain, Rosemary

1978-01-01

64

Ethnic Education Should Undertake the Major Historic Task of Ethnic Unity and the Possibility of and Explorations into the Localization of Diversified Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that the choice of cultures by ethnic education was determined by a given form of elitist ideology and a power agency. After the conversion of China's society from a planned economy to a market economy, this elitist ideology and power agency has become diversified and includes the elitist ideology of statism. Empowerment has…

Minhui, Qian

2010-01-01

65

Invasive Breast Cancer Incidence Trends by Detailed Race/Ethnicity and Age  

PubMed Central

Racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer incidence may contain important evidence for understanding and control of the disease. Monitoring the incidence trends of breast cancer by race/ethnicity allows identification of high risk groups and development of targeted prevention programs. Using population-based cancer registry data from the Los Angeles Cancer Surveillance Program, we examined the invasive female breast cancer incidence trends among the diverse racial/ethnic populations in Los Angeles County, California, from 1972 to 2007. Age-adjusted incidence rates (AAIR) and age-specific incidence rates (ASIR) were calculated and examined respectively for non-Hispanic (NH) white, black, Hispanic, Chinese, Filipina, Japanese, and Korean women by calendar year and time period. Rising trends of AAIR were found in all racial/ethnic groups during the 1980s and 1990s. The breast cancer risk increased more substantially in Japanese and Filipinas than in Chinese and Koreans. During 2000–2007, the trends of AAIR declined significantly among NH white women and slightly in blacks, remained unchanged for Hispanics, and continued to rise significantly among all Asian subgroups. The patterns of ASIR by race/ethnicity changed dramatically over time. By 2000–2007, younger Hispanic women had the lowest breast cancer risk, replacing the Chinese and Koreans who formerly had the lowest risk. Rapidly increasing breast cancer incidence trends among Asian-Americans underline the importance of behavioral and lifestyle changes as a result of acculturation on the development of the disease. The unique trends of breast cancer incidence by race/ethnicity suggest the need for targeted breast cancer control programs for different racial/ethnic populations. PMID:21351091

Liu, Lihua; Zhang, Juanjuan; Wu, Anna H.; Pike, Malcolm C.; Deapen, Dennis

2011-01-01

66

Invasive breast cancer incidence trends by detailed race/ethnicity and age.  

PubMed

Racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer incidence may contain important evidence for understanding and control of the disease. Monitoring the incidence trends of breast cancer by race/ethnicity allows identification of high risk groups and development of targeted prevention programs. Using population-based cancer registry data from the Los Angeles Cancer Surveillance Program, we examined the invasive female breast cancer incidence trends among the diverse racial/ethnic populations in Los Angeles County, California, from 1972 to 2007. Age-adjusted incidence rates (AAIRs) and age-specific incidence rates (ASIRs) were calculated and examined respectively for non-Hispanic (NH) white, black, Hispanic, Chinese, Filipina, Japanese and Korean women by calendar year and time period. Rising trends of AAIRs were found in all racial/ethnic groups during the 1980s and 1990s. The breast cancer risk increased more substantially in Japanese and Filipinas than in Chinese and Koreans. During 2000-2007, the trends of AAIRs declined significantly among NH white women and slightly in blacks, remained unchanged for Hispanics and continued to rise significantly among all Asian subgroups. The patterns of ASIRs by race/ethnicity changed dramatically over time. By 2000-2007, younger Hispanic women had the lowest breast cancer risk, replacing the Chinese and Koreans who formerly had the lowest risk. Rapidly increasing breast cancer incidence trends among Asian-Americans underline the importance of behavioral and lifestyle changes as a result of acculturation on the development of the disease. The unique trends of breast cancer incidence by race/ethnicity suggest the need for targeted breast cancer control programs for different racial/ethnic populations. PMID:21351091

Liu, Lihua; Zhang, Juanjuan; Wu, Anna H; Pike, Malcolm C; Deapen, Dennis

2012-01-15

67

Children's Attitudes toward Singing and Song Recordings Related to Gender, Ethnicity, and Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines students' attitudes toward singing and choir participation related to gender, age, and ethnic background. It also looks at attitudes toward recordings from basal music series that are designed to provide an appropriate model and to encourage singing. Participants (N = 249) were third to fifth graders enrolled in two public…

Siebenaler, Dennis

2008-01-01

68

Academic Performance, Age, Gender, and Ethnicity in Online Courses Delivered by Two-Year Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects the demographic variables age, gender, and ethnicity and their interactions had on academic performance in online courses delivered by public two-year colleges in Kentucky. The study controlled for previous academic performance measured by cumulative grade point average (GPA). The study used a random sample (N =…

Jost, Bruce; Rude-Parkins, Carolyn; Githens, Rod P.

2012-01-01

69

Incidence of Parkinson's Disease: Variation by Age, Gender, and Race\\/Ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to estimate the incidence of Parkinson's disease by age, gender, and ethnicity. Newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease cases in 1994-1995 were identified among members of the Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program of Northern California, a large health maintenance organization. Each case met modified standardized criteria\\/Hughes diagnostic criteria as applied by a movement disorder specialist. Incidence

Stephen K. Van Den Eeden; Caroline M. Tanner; Allan L. Bernstein; Robin D. Fross; Amethyst Leimpeter; Daniel A. Bloch; Lorene M. Nelson

2003-01-01

70

Forensic age estimation in living subjects: the ethnic factor in wisdom tooth mineralization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radiological assessment of the mineralization stage of third molars is a major criterion for age estimation of living people involved in criminal proceedings. To date insufficient knowledge has been obtained about how the ethnic origin can influence tooth mineralization. A comparative study of wisdom tooth mineralization was carried out on three population samples: one German, one Japanese and one South

Andreas Olze; Andreas Schmeling; Mari Taniguchi; Hitoshi Maeda; Piet van Niekerk; Klaus-Dieter Wernecke; Gunther Geserick

2004-01-01

71

Trends in birth across high-parity groups by race/ethnicity and maternal age.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The changing racial and ethnic diversity of the U.S. population along with delayed childbearing suggest that shifts in the demographic composition of gravidas are likely. It is unclear whether trends in the proportion of births to parous women in the United States have changed over the decades by race and ethnicity, reflecting parallel changes in population demographics. METHODS: Singleton deliveries > or = 20 weeks of gestation in the United States from 1989 through 2000 were analyzed using data from the "Natality data files" assembled by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). We classified maternal age into three categories; younger mothers (aged < 30 years), mature mothers (30-39 years) and older mothers (> or = 40 years) and maternal race/ethnicity into three groups: blacks (non-Hispanic), Hispanics and whites (non-Hispanic). We computed birth rates by period of delivery across the entire population and repeated the analysis stratified by age and maternal race. Chi-squared statistics for linear trend were utilized to assess linear trend across three four-year phases: 1989-1992, 1993-1996 and 1997-2000. In estimating the association between race/ethnicity and parity status, the direct method of standardization was employed to adjust for maternal age. RESULTS: Over the study period, the total number of births to blacks and whites diminished consistently (p for trend < 0.001), whereas among Hispanics a progressive increase in the total number of deliveries was evident (p for trend < 0.001). Black and white women experienced a reduction in total deliveries equivalent to 10% and 9.3%, respectively, while Hispanic women showed a substantial increment in total births (25%). Regardless of race or ethnicity, birth rate was associated with increase in maternal age in a dose-effect fashion among the high (5-9 previous live births), very high (10-14 previous live births) and extremely high (> or = 15 previous live births) parity groups (p for trend < 0.001). After maternal age standardization, black and Hispanic women were more likely to have higher parity as compared to whites. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate substantial variation in parity patterns among the main racial and ethnic populations in the United States. These results may help in formulating strategies that will serve as templates for optimizing resource allocation across the different racial/ethnic subpopulations in the United States. PMID:16035578

Aliyu, Muktar H.; Salihu, Hamisu M.; Keith, Louis G.; Ehiri, John E.; Islam, M. Aminul; Jolly, Pauline E.

2005-01-01

72

Effects of ethnicity on skeletal maturation: consequences for forensic age estimations.  

PubMed

An X-ray of the hand is an important method in forensic science for estimation of the age of juvenile suspects with uncertain date of birth. Relevant X-ray standards for evaluation of skeletal maturity are available for white US Americans as well as for North and Central Europeans. The applicability of these standards to members of ethnic groups different from the reference population has been the subject of controversial discussion. More than 80 publications were analysed with the view to finding out whether skeletal maturation is affected by ethnic identity. It was concluded that skeletal maturation takes place in phases which are identically defined for all ethnic groups. Time-related differences in passing those stages of skeletal maturation within the relevant age group appear to be unaffected by ethnic identity. It is the socioeconomic status of a given population which is of decisive importance to the rate of ossification. The application of X-ray standards to individuals of a socio-economic status lower than that of the reference population usually leads to underestimation of that person's age. In terms of criminal responsibility, this is of no adverse effect on the person concerned. PMID:11009058

Schmeling, A; Reisinger, W; Loreck, D; Vendura, K; Markus, W; Geserick, G

2000-01-01

73

Treatment of Race/Ethnicity in Career-Technical Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how researchers of career-technical education have treated the construct of race/ethnicity in recent studies. Fifty-one of 71 articles published in the Career and Technical Education Research (CTER) over a 7-year span (2005-2011) were included. A content analysis found that only one quarter (n = 13, 25.49%) of eligible studies…

Rojewski, Jay W.; Xing, Xue

2013-01-01

74

Strategic Plan to Ensure Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Connecticut Public Higher Education, 2010. Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing the participation of minority groups at public colleges and universities is a longstanding goal of the Board of Governors for Higher Education, as first outlined in its 1983 "Strategic Plan to Ensure Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Connecticut Public Higher Education". The minority groups defined by the plan are: Hispanic/Latino, African…

Connecticut Department of Higher Education (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

75

Bilingual Education in the Ethnically Mixed Areas along the Slovene-Italian Border  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper focuses on education language policy in Slovene Istria and of Slovenia in Italy. On both sides of the Slovene-Italian border there is an ethnically mixed population of Italians and Slovenes, an Italian minority in Slovenia, and a Slovene minority in Italy. On both sides of the border apparently similar systems of bilingual education have…

Cok, Lucija; Pertot, Susanna

2010-01-01

76

Ethnic Studies and the Politics of Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shift in focus of ethnic studies in American universities from Western European nations toward the developing nations of the Third World represents a growing recognition of the reality of international interdependence versus the myth of American independence. American economic and political interests in the Third World emphasize the importance…

Harvey, William B.

77

Ongoing Issues of Racial and Ethnic Stigma in Education 50 Years after Brown v. Board  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brown v. Board of Education was focused on eliminating racial stigma and creating greater racial equity in education. Unfortunately, racial and ethnic\\u000a stigma is still a powerful force in educational institutions of all kind. In this manuscript, I review the ways that stigma\\u000a impedes academic performance, shapes the classroom climate and student–teacher relationships, and is a powerful influence\\u000a on students’

Sabrina Zirkel

2005-01-01

78

The Home Environments of Children in the United States Part I: Variations by Age, Ethnicity, and Poverty Status.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data on four versions of HOME-Short Form for four major ethnic groups. Found differences for majority of items between poor and non-poor families. Magnitude of effect for poverty was greater than for ethnicity. For every item at every age, effects of poverty were proportional across European American,…

Bradley, Robert H.; Corwyn, Robert F.; McAdoo, Harriette Pipes; Coll, Cynthia Garcia

2001-01-01

79

The Importance of Ethnic Cultural Competency in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of cultural competency in physical education is unmistakable. The National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) has identified elements of cultural competency within both the National Standards for Physical Education and the National Standards and Guidelines for Physical Education Teacher Education. Although there…

Hansen, Ken

2014-01-01

80

Ethnic and religious identity and some age characteristics of alcohol use.  

PubMed

The sample of the study comprises 618 subjects (316 Christian-Bulgarians and 302 Muslim-Turks), selected by means of randomized cluster design, and stratified by gender, age and place of residence (town vs village). The study used a standardized questionnaire specifically developed for it. The study findings suggest that the first contact with alcohol and beginning of its regular use occur at a younger age in Bulgarians than they do in Turks. A definite trend has been found toward earlier first contact and beginning of regular use of alcohol in both ethnic groups, but it is more clearly defined in Turks. As a whole Turkish ethnic identity and identification with Muslim religious values and belief restrict the Turks in their contact with alcohol and are still significant factors in restraining alcohol use in their community. PMID:9145583

Akabaliev, V; Dimitrov, I

1996-01-01

81

Stigmatized Students: Age, Sex, and Ethnicity Effects in the Stigmatization of Obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the stigmatization of obesity relative to the stigmatization of various disabilities among young men and women. Attitudes across ethnic groups were compared. In addition, these findings were compared with data showing severe stigmatization of obesity among children.Research Methods and Procedures: Participants included 356 university students (56% women; mean age, 20.6 years; mean BMI, 23.3 kg\\/m2; range, 14.4

Janet D. Latner; Albert J. Stunkard; G. Terence Wilson

2005-01-01

82

Effects of ethnicity on skeletal maturation: consequences for forensic age estimations  

Microsoft Academic Search

An X-ray of the hand is an important method in forensic science for estimation of the age of juvenile suspects with uncertain\\u000a date of birth. Relevant X-ray standards for evaluation of skeletal maturity are available for white US Americans as well as\\u000a for North and Central Europeans. The applicability of these standards to members of ethnic groups different from the

A. Schmeling; W. Reisinger; D. Loreck; K. Vendura; W. Markus; G. Geserick

2000-01-01

83

Educational performance and psychological disengagement among ethnic-minority and Dutch adolescents.  

PubMed

The authors used a questionnaire (N = 587) among ethnic-minority and majority group adolescents in The Netherlands to examine the idea that under certain conditions minority group members tend to psychologically disengage their self-evaluation from educational performance. The results showed that only among ethnic minorities, perceived discrimination in school was related to psychological disengagement. Furthermore, among both groups of participants, perceived diagnosticity of performance feedback was negatively related to disengagement. However, among the ethnic minority group this effect was found for only those participants with relatively high educational performance. The results showed that negative experiences in school can lead to psychological disengagement from the academic domain and that disengagement is not restricted to African American students. PMID:12856815

Verkuyten, Maykel; Brug, Peary

2003-06-01

84

School-based HIV/AIDS education is associated with reduced risky sexual behaviors and better grades with gender and race/ethnicity differences.  

PubMed

Although studies indicate school-based HIV/AIDS education programs effectively reduce risky behaviors, only 33 states and the District of Columbia in US mandate HIV/AIDS education. Ideally, school-based HIV/AIDS education should begin before puberty, or at the latest before first sexual intercourse. In 2011, 20% US states had fewer schools teaching HIV/AIDS prevention than during 2008; this is worrisome, especially for more vulnerable minorities. A nationally representative sample of 16 410 US high-school students participating in 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey was analyzed. Multiple regression models assessed the association between HIV/AIDS education and risky sexual behaviors, and academic grades. HIV/AIDS education was associated with delayed age at first sexual intercourse, reduced number of sex partners, reduced likelihood to have forced sexual intercourse and better academic grades, for sexually active male students, but not for female students. Both male and female students who had HIV/AIDS education were less likely to inject drugs, drink alcohol or use drugs before last sexual intercourse, and more likely to use condoms. Minority ethnic female students were more likely to have HIV testing. The positive effect of HIV/AIDS education and different gender and race/ethnicity effects support scaling up HIV/AIDS education and further research on the effectiveness of gender-race/ethnicity-specific HIV/AIDS curriculum. PMID:24399260

Ma, Zhen-qiang; Fisher, Monica A; Kuller, Lewis H

2014-04-01

85

A Comparison of Students' Choices of 9th Grade Physical Education Activities by Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to determine physical education activity preferences of 9th grade students in a southern California school district and to compare preferences by ethnicity. Results indicated that basketball, football, bowling, softball/baseball, swimming, and volleyball were the most preferred activities. These preferences may be…

Hill, Grant M.; Cleven, Brian

2006-01-01

86

Culture-Blind? Parental Discourse on Religion, Ethnicity and Secularism in the French Educational Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines policy mediation and adaptation in a context where religious, ethnic and other cultural identities are not officially recognised in the public sphere but considered part of the private sphere. French educational policy is firmly rooted within a secular Republican framework which relies on a colour-blind approach to promote…

Raveaud, Maroussia

2008-01-01

87

Access to Higher Education of 25 Ethnic Minorities in Yunnan Province, South Western China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The level of development of higher education (HE) is an important indicator to measure the development of the social economy and the civilization of a region or country. In this article, we compare the distribution of the freshmen of ethnic minorities (EMs) with the distribution of EMs over the population, based on a sample of 1 464 freshmen from…

Zhang, Jianxin; Verhoeven, Jef C.

2010-01-01

88

Our University: Ethnicity, Higher Education and the Quest for State Legitimacy in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In East Africa, no other country has witnessed as great a surge in university institutions as Kenya. The intent of this paper is to explore the persistence of the ethnic configurations in the surge of higher education in Kenya, within the context of the country's history. Outlining the major flashpoints in the country's history will be…

Munene, Ishmael I.

2012-01-01

89

Shared Agency with Parents for Educational Goals: Ethnic Differences and Implications for College Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study proposed and confirmed three ways in which college students can perceive "shared" agency and two ways in which they can perceive "non-shared" agency with parents when pursuing educational goals in college. Differences and similarities were examined among participants from four ethnic backgrounds (N = 515; 67% female): East Asian…

Chang, Esther S.; Heckhausen, Jutta; Greenberger, Ellen; Chen, Chuansheng

2010-01-01

90

Educational Engagement and Early Family Formation: Differences by Ethnicity and Generation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how school engagement influences the timing of family formation for youth. We pay particular attention to variation across four racial/ethnic groups and by generation status, variation that reflects the diversification of U.S. society through immigration. Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS), we…

Glick, Jennifer E.; Ruf, Stacey D.; White, Michael J.; Goldscheider, Frances K.

2006-01-01

91

Exploring the Educational Benefits of Attending an Ethnically Diverse Magnet High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to gather teacher and student perceptions of the educational benefits that emerge from providing diverse learning environments for students attending an inter-district magnet school. Research Questions were (1) In what ways do teachers and students report that the magnet school offers an ethnically diverse learning…

Carey, Jill

2010-01-01

92

Crossing Ethnic Barriers in the Southwest: Women's Agricultural Extension Education, 1914-1940. Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From its inception in 1914 until 1940, the New Mexico Agricultural Extension Service was quite successful in delivering educational programs to non-English speaking, Hispanic women in Santa Fe County and almost totally unsuccessful in Dona Ana County. Criteria for success were involvement of ethnic women in the program, ability to adapt national…

Jensen, Joan M.

93

Special Issue: Racial and Ethnic Minority Students' Success in STEM Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph provides educational researchers, policymakers, and practitioners with an overview of existing knowledge regarding factors that influence success among racial and ethnic minority students in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) circuit. To accomplish this task, the authors reviewed more than four hundred…

Museus, Samuel D.; Palmer, Robert T.; Davis, Ryan J.; Maramba, Dina C.

2011-01-01

94

Language and Ethnicity: Multiple Literacies in Context, Language Education in Guatemala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the research literature available in the United States on the evolution of language policy and planning issues involved in bilingual education programs in Mayan communities in Guatemala. I begin with general comments regarding language policy and planning for bilingual programs for ethnic groups within the borders of…

Helmberger, Janet L.

2006-01-01

95

Minority Language Education in Malaysia: Four Ethnic Communities' Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses minority language education in Malaysia, a multilingual and multicultural country. Looks at four language minority groups and what they have done to to provide beginning education programs for their children that use the children's native languages. (Author/VWL)

Smith, Karla J.

2003-01-01

96

Ethnic Differences in Physical Fitness, Blood Pressure and Blood Chemistry in Women (AGES 20-63)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This study examined the role of ethnicity on the aerobic fitness, blood pressure, and selected blood chemistry values of women. One hundred twenty-four females (mean age 41.37 +/- 9.0) were medically Examined at the NASA/Johnson Space Center occupational health clinic. Ethnic groups consisted of 23 Black (B), 18 Hispanic (H) and 83 Non-minority (NM). Each woman had a maximum Bruce treadmill stress test (RER greater than or = 1.1) and a negative ECG. Indirect calorimetry, skinfolds, self-report physical activity (NASA activity scale), seated blood pressure, and blood chemistry panel determined VO2max, percent fat, level of physical activity, blood pressure and blood chemistry values. ANOVA revealed that the groups did not differ (p greater than 0.05) in age, VO2 max, weight, percent fat, level of physical activity, total cholesterol, or HDL-C. However, significant differences (p greater than 0.05) were noted in BMI, diastolic blood pressure, and blood chemistries. BMI was 3.17 higher in H than in NM; resting diastolic pressures were 5.69 and 8.05 mmHg. lower in NM and H than in B; triglycerides were 48.07 and 37.21 mg/dl higher in H than in B and NM; hemoglobin was .814 gm/dl higher in NM than B; fasting blood sugar was 15.41 mg/dl higher in H than NM; The results of this study showed that ethnic groups differed in blood pressure and blood chemistry values but not aerobic fitness or physical activity. There was an ethnic difference in BMI but not percent fat.

Ayers, G. W.; Wier, L. T.; Jackson, A. S.; Stuteville, J. E.; Keptra, Sean (Technical Monitor)

1999-01-01

97

"Just Open Your Eyes a Bit More": The Methodological Challenges of Researching Black and Minority Ethnic Students' Experiences of Physical Education Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss some of the challenges of centralising "race" and ethnicity in Physical Education (PE) research, through reflecting on the design and implementation of a study exploring Black and minority ethnic students' experiences of their teacher education. Our aim in the paper is to contribute to ongoing theoretical and…

Flintoff, Anne; Webb, Louisa

2012-01-01

98

Physical model reproduction from ct scans classified according to gender, ethnicity, and age - biomed 2009.  

PubMed

Eye trauma is an increasing problem, especially in the military, due to blunt force trauma. One way to mitigate eye injury is to wear protective eye equipment. An essential part of creating protective eye equipment is prototype testing in controlled eye trauma simulations. In addition, the protective equipment must fit properly and thus incorporate variance, specifically among gender, ethnicity, and age. It is beneficial to create standard orbits classified according to the aforementioned categories of gender, ethnicity, and age. Using head CT scans from grossly normal subjects, segmentation of the ocular orbit was performed. This segmented mask was then imported into a three dimensional printing software. Orbits from different sizes, ages, genders, and races were created and printed using a ZCorp printer. A mold negative was then created from the 3D printed orbits using InstaMold. After the mold was cured and removed from the printed orbit, reproductions of the eye orbit were created from this negative. These methods will be used in the future to make molds for many different ages, genders, and races in order to create accurate models of the eye orbit. These can then be used to develop impact tests by incorporating eye samples into these sockets of uniform shape. These methods for creating surrogate eye sockets will reduce the need for cadaver eye sockets and will increase the number of tests that can be performed. By creating accurate models, more accurate representations of eye trauma and its prevention can be investigated. PMID:19369791

Taylor, Lindsey A; Danelson, Kerry A; Gayzik, F Scott; Loftis, Kathryn L; Stitzel, Joel D

2009-01-01

99

Older and Wiser. A Study of Educational Provision for Black and Ethnic Minority Elders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the outcome of the Older and Wiser Project that assessed projects' work with elderly black clients. The first part defines who the black elderly are and provides an overview of the black elderly in Britain using data from the 1991 Census. A chart breaks down ethnic minority groups by age. Population pyramids that provide an…

Dadzie, Stella

100

Race/Ethnicity, Educational Attainment, and Pregnancy Complications in New York City Women with Pre-existing Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Background More women are entering pregnancy with pre-existing diabetes. Disease severity, glycaemic control, and predictors of pregnancy complications may differ by race/ethnicity or educational attainment, leading to differences in adverse pregnancy outcomes. Methods We used linked New York City hospital record and birth certificate data for 6291 singleton births among women with pre-existing diabetes between 1995 and 2003. We defined maternal race/ethnicity as non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, South Asian, and East Asian, and education level as <12, 12, and >12 years. Our outcomes were pre-eclampsia, preterm birth (PTB) (<37 weeks gestation and categorised as spontaneous or medically indicated), as well as small-for-gestational age (SGA) and large-for-gestational age (LGA). Using multivariable binomial regression, we estimated the risk ratios for pre-eclampsia, SGA, and LGA. We used multivariable multinomial regression to estimate odds ratios (OR) for PTB. Results Compared with non-Hispanic white women with pre-existing diabetes, non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women with pre-existing diabetes had a 1.50-fold increased risk of pre-eclampsia compared with non-Hispanic whites with pre-existing diabetes, after full adjustment. Non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women with pre-existing diabetes had adjusted ORs of 1.72 [adj. 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.38, 2.15] and 1.65 [adj.95% CI 1.32, 2.05], respectively, for medically indicated PTB. South Asian women with pre-existing diabetes had the highest risk for having an SGA infant [adj. OR: 2.29; adj. 95% CI 1.73, 3.03]. East Asian ethnicity was not associated with these pregnancy complications. Conclusions Non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and South Asian women with pre-existing diabetes may benefit from targeted interventions to improve pregnancy outcomes. PMID:24354778

James-Todd, Tamarra; Janevic, Teresa; Brown, Florence M; Savitz, David A

2014-01-01

101

Ethnic Inequality in Choice-Driven Education Systems: A Longitudinal Study of Performance and Choice in England and Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors ask whether choice-driven education systems, with comprehensive schools and mass education at the secondary and tertiary level, represented in this article by England and Sweden, provide educational opportunities for ethnic minorities. In studying educational attainment, the authors make a theoretical distinction between mechanisms…

Jackson, Michelle; Jonsson, Jan O.; Rudolphi, Frida

2012-01-01

102

The Culture Care Meaning of Comfort for Ethnically Diverse Pre-Licensure Baccalaureate Nursing Students in the Educational Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nursing profession is calling for enhanced diversity within the ranks of registered nurses to meet the health care needs of an increasingly diverse society. Nursing education is faced with the challenge of retaining ethnically diverse nursing students. Students who are ethnically diverse face unique challenges in addition to the universal…

Zajac, Lynne K.

2010-01-01

103

Ethnic identity: similarities and differences in white groups based on cultural practices.  

PubMed

The present study examined variability in ethnic identity among the ethnic groups that comprise the White racial category. Based on participants' ethnic self-labels, high school and college students (n = 495) were assigned to one of six groups: Armenian, Greek, Jewish, European, Mixed White ancestry ("Irish and Italian"), and Pan-ethnic ("White"). Individuals who identified with Specific White groups (Armenian, Greek, Jewish) had higher ethnic identity scores than individuals who identified with Nonspecific White groups (European, Mixed, Pan-ethnic). Specific White groups also had more heritage education, ethnic language competency, and religious participation than Nonspecific White groups. Regression analyses indicated that ethnic language competency and religious participation positively predicted ethnic identity for both Specific and Nonspecific White groups, controlling for age, sex, and generation. For the Specific White group, heritage education interacted with ethnic language to increase ethnic identity for students with low (but not medium or high) competency. PMID:24245070

Koutrelakos, James

2013-06-01

104

Avoidance ratings and fears of Chinese adults by age, ethnic group, sex, and residency.  

PubMed

Few studies among the Chinese population concerning avoidance out of fear have been reported. Existing studies are limited to school and collegiate samples while overlooking ethnic minorities, of which China has more than 50. In this study, a general population sample in China indicated the level at which they would avoid certain situations. The data were analyzed relative to age, ethnicity, sex, and the amount of time living in urban or rural areas. Three samples (urban Han, n=144; rural Han, n=144; Urban Hui, n=72) were selected using stratified quota sampling. Respondents identified that they avoided social situations the most and agoraphobic situations the least. Overall, women expressed significantly greater fear. This sex difference was less marked in the urban sample where the Chinese tradition of male dominance has been diluted due to urbanization and modernization. There were few age-related differences, although some fears among the elderly were explained by age-related vulnerabilities and folklore. The Hui minority group had significantly lower overall scores than the Han group; this was attributed to the role of their Islamic beliefs. PMID:18982933

Davey, Gareth

2008-08-01

105

Does the Educational Debt Burden of Science and Engineering Doctorates Differ by Race/Ethnicity and Sex?  

NSF Publications Database

Does the Educational Debt Burden of Science and Engineering Doctorates Differ by Race/Ethnicity and ... This Issue Brief highlights differences in the debt burden among science and engineering Ph.D.s of ...

106

[Education on ethnic diversity in health care in medical school: what can we learn from the American perspective?].  

PubMed

In April 2012, 20 medical students took part in a study tour to San Francisco, themed 'ethnic diversity in health care'. In this article we discuss four lessons learned from the perspective of these students. The delivery of culturally sensitive healthcare is becoming more important in the Netherlands as the ethnic minority population rate will continue to grow over the coming years. However, diversity education is not a structural component of medical curricula in the Netherlands to the same degree as in the USA where medical education pays a lot of attention to differences in health between ethnic minorities; and where there is also extensive research on this subject. We emphasize that diversity education should create awareness of differences in health outcomes between ethnic groups and awareness of one's own bias and stereotypical views. The implementation of diversity education is a challenge, which requires a change of image and the involvement of teachers from diverse medical disciplines. PMID:23594871

Figueroa, Caroline A; Rassam, Fadi; Spong, Karin S

2013-01-01

107

Elephants can determine ethnicity, gender, and age from acoustic cues in human voices.  

PubMed

Animals can accrue direct fitness benefits by accurately classifying predatory threat according to the species of predator and the magnitude of risk associated with an encounter. Human predators present a particularly interesting cognitive challenge, as it is typically the case that different human subgroups pose radically different levels of danger to animals living around them. Although a number of prey species have proved able to discriminate between certain human categories on the basis of visual and olfactory cues, vocalizations potentially provide a much richer source of information. We now use controlled playback experiments to investigate whether family groups of free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Amboseli National Park, Kenya can use acoustic characteristics of speech to make functionally relevant distinctions between human subcategories differing not only in ethnicity but also in sex and age. Our results demonstrate that elephants can reliably discriminate between two different ethnic groups that differ in the level of threat they represent, significantly increasing their probability of defensive bunching and investigative smelling following playbacks of Maasai voices. Moreover, these responses were specific to the sex and age of Maasai presented, with the voices of Maasai women and boys, subcategories that would generally pose little threat, significantly less likely to produce these behavioral responses. Considering the long history and often pervasive predatory threat associated with humans across the globe, it is likely that abilities to precisely identify dangerous subcategories of humans on the basis of subtle voice characteristics could have been selected for in other cognitively advanced animal species. PMID:24616492

McComb, Karen; Shannon, Graeme; Sayialel, Katito N; Moss, Cynthia

2014-04-01

108

Elephants can determine ethnicity, gender, and age from acoustic cues in human voices  

PubMed Central

Animals can accrue direct fitness benefits by accurately classifying predatory threat according to the species of predator and the magnitude of risk associated with an encounter. Human predators present a particularly interesting cognitive challenge, as it is typically the case that different human subgroups pose radically different levels of danger to animals living around them. Although a number of prey species have proved able to discriminate between certain human categories on the basis of visual and olfactory cues, vocalizations potentially provide a much richer source of information. We now use controlled playback experiments to investigate whether family groups of free-ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in Amboseli National Park, Kenya can use acoustic characteristics of speech to make functionally relevant distinctions between human subcategories differing not only in ethnicity but also in sex and age. Our results demonstrate that elephants can reliably discriminate between two different ethnic groups that differ in the level of threat they represent, significantly increasing their probability of defensive bunching and investigative smelling following playbacks of Maasai voices. Moreover, these responses were specific to the sex and age of Maasai presented, with the voices of Maasai women and boys, subcategories that would generally pose little threat, significantly less likely to produce these behavioral responses. Considering the long history and often pervasive predatory threat associated with humans across the globe, it is likely that abilities to precisely identify dangerous subcategories of humans on the basis of subtle voice characteristics could have been selected for in other cognitively advanced animal species. PMID:24616492

McComb, Karen; Shannon, Graeme; Sayialel, Katito N.; Moss, Cynthia

2014-01-01

109

Annual Cancer Death Rates, U.S., 1995-1999 (by Sex, Age, and Race/Ethnicity)  

Cancer.gov

Table 6. Average annual cancer death rates * by age, sex, and race/ethnicity † , United States ‡ , 1995-1999. Male Female White Black AI/AN API Hispanic White Black AI/AN API Hispanic Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate All sites All ages

110

Interrogating Orthodox Voices: Gender, Ethnicity and Educational Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in educational leadership and management, while comprehensive in its scope and direction, has considerable imbalances that have contributed to what Blackmore (1999) has termed the monoculture of the powerful. The focus on the apparent intractability of leadership as a male domain and ways in which women have negotiated the gendered nature…

Fitzgerald, Tanya

2003-01-01

111

Two steps forward, one step back: Race/ethnicity and student achievement in education policy research  

E-print Network

Two steps forward, one step back Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: Race/Ethnicity and Student Achievement in Education Policy Research Bruce D. Baker* Christine Keller-Wolff Lisa Wolf-Wendel Department of Teaching and Leadership 202... Bailey Hall The University of Kansas Lawrence, KS 66045 (785) 864-9844 bdbaker@ukans.edu *Corresponding Author 6-May-00 - 1 - Two steps forward, one step back Biographical Statements Bruce D. Baker is an assistant professor...

Baker, Bruce D.; Keller-Wolff, Christine; Wolf-Wendel, Lisa E.

2000-09-01

112

Computer-aided bone age assessment for ethnically diverse older children using integrated fuzzy logic system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bone Age Assessment (BAA) of children is a clinical procedure frequently performed in pediatric radiology to evaluate the stage of skeletal maturation based on the left hand x-ray radiograph. The current BAA standard in the US is using the Greulich & Pyle (G&P) Hand Atlas, which was developed fifty years ago and was only based on Caucasian population from the Midwest US. To bring the BAA procedure up-to-date with today's population, a Digital Hand Atlas (DHA) consisting of 1400 hand images of normal children of different ethnicities, age, and gender. Based on the DHA and to solve inter- and intra-observer reading discrepancies, an automatic computer-aided bone age assessment system has been developed and tested in clinical environments. The algorithm utilizes features extracted from three regions of interests: phalanges, carpal, and radius. The features are aggregated into a fuzzy logic system, which outputs the calculated bone age. The previous BAA system only uses features from phalanges and carpal, thus BAA result for children over age of 15 is less accurate. In this project, the new radius features are incorporated into the overall BAA system. The bone age results, calculated from the new fuzzy logic system, are compared against radiologists' readings based on G&P atlas, and exhibits an improvement in reading accuracy for older children.

Ma, Kevin; Moin, Paymann; Zhang, Aifeng; Liu, Brent

2010-03-01

113

Ethnic and age-related fat free mass loss in older Americans: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Although age-related loss of fat free mass (FFM) is well known, there is paucity of data on national estimates, and on the differential influence of ethnicity on the decline in FFM with increasing age. We determined whether age-related loss in FFM and fat free mass index (FFMI) vary by gender and or ethnicity, using representative data from the Third

Thomas O Obisesan; Muktar H Aliyu; Vernon Bond; Richard G Adams; Abimbola Akomolafe; Charles N Rotimi

2005-01-01

114

On the Discrepancy of Access to Higher Education in a Province with a Large Ethnic Minority Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a survey of students from different social strata, different family backgrounds and different levels of access to higher education in 10 higher education institutions (HEIs) in Yunnan, an ethnic minority (EM) province, this essay tries to find out the discrepancy in the enrollment opportunity of higher education for children from…

Dong, Yunchuan; Zhang, Jianxin

2007-01-01

115

Social Competence as an Educational Goal: The Role of the Ethnic Composition and the Urban Environment of the School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article concerns the relationship between social-educational goals and the school context. We used a questionnaire to map the educational goals of teachers in pre-vocational education in the field of social competence, and investigated whether these goals were related to the percentage of students from ethnic-minority groups and to the urban…

Zwaans, Annemieke; van der Veen, Ineke; Volman, Monique; ten Dam, Geert

2008-01-01

116

Education, Income and Ethnic Differences in Cumulative Biological Risk Profiles in a National Sample of US Adults: NHANES III (1988–1994)  

PubMed Central

Data from the nationally representative US NHANES III cohort were used to examine the hypothesis that socio-economic status is consistently and negatively associated with levels of biological risk, as measured by nine biological parameters known to predict health risks (diastolic and systolic blood pressure, pulse, HDL and total cholesterol, glycosylated hemoglobin, c-reactive protein, albumin and waist-hip ratio), resulting in greater cumulative burdens of biological risk among those of lower education and/or income. As hypothesized, consistent education and income gradients were seen for biological parameters reflecting cardiovascular, metabolic and inflammatory risk: those with lower education and income exhibiting greater prevalence of high risk values for each of nine individual biological risk factors. Significant education and income gradients were also seen for summary indices reflecting cumulative burdens of cardiovascular, metabolic and inflammatory risks as well as overall total biological risks. Multivariable cumulative logistic regression models revealed that the education and income effects were each independently and negatively associated with cumulative biological risks, and that these effects remained significant independent of age, gender, ethnicity and lifestyle factors such as smoking and physical activity. There were no significant ethnic differences in the patterns of association between socio-economic status and biological risks, but older age was associated with significantly weaker education and income gradients. PMID:17920177

Seeman, Teresa; Merkin, Sharon S; Crimmins, Eileen; Koretz, Brandon; Charette, Susan; Karlamangla, Arun

2008-01-01

117

Differential test validity for ethnic groups in the Israel army and the effects of educational level  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined validities of intelligence test scores for predicting achievement for 7,000 males over a 21\\/2-yr period of military service (compulsory at age 18) in Israel. Specifically, the study examined whether differential test validity occurs in a very heterogeneous population by comparing validities for 3 ethnic subgroups: those born in Israel, in Western, or in Eastern countries. Considerable differential validity was

M. Reeb

1976-01-01

118

Dark Age Education: Our Latest Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relates the history of ideas to the history of education during the middle ages. Topics discussed include cultural life, economic factors, the political economy of medieval education, and the difficulty of writing about educational trends during a time for which there are few authoritative sources. (DB)

Rosenthal, Joel

1981-01-01

119

Racial and ethnic differences in hospitalization rates among aged Medicare beneficiaries, 1998.  

PubMed

Efforts to study racial variations in access to health care for minorities other than black persons have been hampered by a paucity of data. The Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) has made efforts in the past few years to enhance the racial codes on the Medicare enrollment files to include Hispanic, Asian American, and Native American designations. This study examines hospitalization rates by these more detailed racial/ethnic groupings. The results show black, Hispanic, and Native American aged beneficiaries compared with white beneficiaries have higher hospitalization rates. Asian American beneficiaries have lower hospitalization rates. Rates of revascularization--coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)--are lower for black, Hispanic, and Native American beneficiaries compared with white beneficiaries, while rates for Asian Americans are similar to rates for white beneficiaries. PMID:11481748

Eggers, P W; Greenberg, L G

2000-01-01

120

major code major conc codeconcentration program code program degree coll dept AGED Agricultural Education No Concentration AGED-MS Agricultural Education MS AG AGED  

E-print Network

and Higher Education EDUC-EDD Education EDD ED EDUC EDUC Education A&HE Adult and Higher Education EDUC Education No Concentration AGED-MS Agricultural Education MS AG AGED AMER American Studies No Concentration CERT ED EDUC CS Computer Science No Concentration CS-MS Computer Science MS EN CS CS Computer Science

Dyer, Bill

121

Distance Education: An Information Age Approach to Adult Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an extensive review of the literature on distance education and of representative distance education projects and institutions in the United States and abroad, emphasizing those using telecommunications technologies. The introductory section includes a sketch of the information age and its implications for adult education and…

Zigerell, James

122

Investigation of Music Student Efficacy as Influenced by Age, Experience, Gender, Ethnicity, and Type of Instrument Played in South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research study was to quantitatively examine South Carolina high school instrumental music students' self-efficacy as measured by the Generalized Self-Efficacy (GSE) instrument (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1993). The independent variables of age, experience, gender, ethnicity, and type of instrument played) were correlated with the…

White, Norman

2010-01-01

123

The Protective Influence of Family Bonding on Smoking Initiation in Adolescents by Racial/Ethnic and Age Subgroups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examined the associations among family bonding factors and the initiation of smoking by race/ethnicity and age group among nonsmokers at Wave 1. Overall, 18% of the sample initiated smoking by Wave 2. For younger African-American and Hispanic youths, high maternal…

Mahabee-Gittens, E. Melinda; Khoury, Jane C.; Huang, Bin; Dorn, Lorah D.; Ammerman, Robert T.; Gordon, Judith S.

2011-01-01

124

Performance of San Joaquin Delta College Freshmen Students in Reading, Writing and Math by Ethnicity, High School Status and Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted in fall 1985 to determine how well students at San Joaquin Delta College (SJDC) were prepared in reading, writing, and mathematics, comparing students by ethnicity, high school status, and age. SJDC uses the Comparative Guidance Placement (CGP) Tests to to assess all new students who do not have an Associate of Arts degree or…

Lewis, Merrilee R.; And Others

125

The Protective Influence of Family Bonding on Smoking Initiation in Adolescents by Racial\\/Ethnic and Age Subgroups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examined the associations among family bonding factors and the initiation of smoking by race\\/ethnicity and age group among nonsmokers at Wave 1. Overall, 18% of the sample initiated smoking by Wave 2. For younger African-American and Hispanic youths, high maternal satisfaction with the relationship was significantly protective of

E. Melinda Mahabee-Gittens; Jane C. Khoury; Bin Huang; Lorah D. Dorn; Robert T. Ammerman; Judith S. Gordon

2011-01-01

126

Prevalence of Overweight in North Florida Elementary and Middle School Children: Effects of Age, Sex, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The number of overweight children has been rapidly increasing, although its prevalence varies by age, sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic (SES) status. Methods: Height and weight assessments were used to calculate body mass index (BMI) and BMI percentile on more than 17,000 children in 1 north Florida school district's elementary and…

Johnson, Suzanne B.; Pilkington, Lorri L.; Deeb, Larry C.; Jeffers, Sheila; He, Jianghua; Lamp, Camilla

2007-01-01

127

Ethnicity, Sex Distribution and Professorial Rank of Education Personnel Development Faculty in AACTE Member Institutions. Minfo Minireport III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the ethnic identity of Education Personnel Development (EDP) faculty in American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education member institutions represents 14,493 faculty in 320 participating institutions. Data are presented in tabular form. Table 1 provides analysis in terms of institution type; Table 2 in terms of faculty degree…

Yff, Joost; Kaplan, Robert E.

128

Developing nutrition education resources for a multi-ethnic population in New Zealand  

PubMed Central

In New Zealand, the burden of nutrition-related disease is greatest among vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, including Maori and Pacific peoples. However, little research is currently available on effective ways to improve nutrition in these communities. This paper describes the development of six paper-based nutrition education resources for multi-ethnic participants in a large supermarket intervention trial. Six focus groups involving 15 Maori, 13 Pacific and 16 non-Maori, non-Pacific participants were held. A general inductive approach was applied to identify common themes around participants' understanding and thoughts on relevance and usefulness of the draft resources. Feedback from focus groups was used to modify resources accordingly. Five themes emerged across all focus groups and guided modification of the resources: (i) perceived higher cost of healthy food, (ii) difficulty in changing food-purchasing habits, (iii) lack of knowledge, understanding and information about healthy food, (iv) desire for personally relevant information that uses ethnically appropriate language and (v) other barriers to healthy eating, including limited availability of healthy food. Many issues affect the likelihood of purchase and consumption of healthy food. These issues should be taken into account when developing nutritional materials for New Zealanders and possibly other multi-ethnic populations worldwide. PMID:18974069

Eyles, Helen; Mhurchu, Cliona Ni; Wharemate, Laurie; Funaki-Tahifote, Mafi; Lanumata, Tolotea; Rodgers, Anthony

2009-01-01

129

Age-Related Alterations of Plasma Lipid Peroxidation and Erythrocyte Superoxide Dismutase Activity in Different Ethnic Groups of Gorgan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Free radicals have been proposed as important causative agents of ageing. The free radical theory of ageing postulates that ageing is caused by free radical reactions. These highly reactive species can cause oxidative damage in the cell. The purposive of this study was to investigate the alteration in plasma lipid peroxidation and erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity in 2 different ethnic groups of Fars and Turkmen healthy people. We measured plasma lipid peroxidation levels (lipid peroxidation expressed as malondialdehyde) and erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity. Study include 350 (175 Fars and 175 Turkmen male) apparently healthy individuals. Erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activities were determined in 2 different ethnic groups of Fars and Turkmen consisting of healthy individuals between 26-60 years of age {26-30 (n = 30), 3-35 (n = 30), 36-40 (n = 30), 41-45 (n = 30), 46-50 (n = 25), 51-55 (n = 15) and 56-60 (n = 15)}, respectively. The data was analyzed by Student` t-test. Erythrocyte superoxide dismutase and plasma lipid peroxidation levels in Fars and Turkmen people with 41-45 ages (group 4) and 36-40 ages (group 3) were significantly lower and higher than in the other age groups (Fars groups 1, 2 and 3, Turkmen groups 1, 2), respectively (p< 0.05). There were no significant relation between the age group 4 (Fars people) and the age groups 5, 6 and 7 (p>0.05). There were no significant relation between the age groups 3 (Turkmen people) and the age groups 4, 5, 6 and 7 (p>0.05). We found age-related differences in erythrocyte superoxide dismutase activity and plasma lipid peroxidation levels. The results indicate that the balance between antioxidant and prooxidant factors in free radical metabolism shifts towards increased lipid peroxidation with advancing age in 2 ethnic groups. This situation maybe begin in Turkmen people earlier than Fars people. The ethnic origin, diet, heavy working and life style factors of the two populations may explain this differences. Therefore we propose that older Fars and Turkmen people may have elevated requirement for antioxidants. Supplementation with vitamin or dietary free radical scavengers such as vitamin E and C or foodstuff containing these such as tomatoes, oranges and similars have a potential role in boosting antioxidant related defenses and may be important for older people of two ethnic groups.

Marjani, Abdoljalal; Mansourian, Azad Reza; Veghari, Gholam Reza; Rabiee, Mohammad Reza

130

How Useful Is Body Mass Index for Comparison of Body Fatness across Age, Sex, and Ethnic Groups?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested the hypothesis that body mass index (BMI) is representative of body fatness independent of age, sex, and ethnicity. Between 1986 and 1992, the authors studied a total of 202 black and 504 white men and women who resided in or near New York City, were ages 20-94 years, and had BMIs of 18-35 kg\\/m2. Total body fat,

Dympna Gallagher; Marjolein Visser; Dennis Sepulveda; Richard N. Pierson; Tamara Harris; Steven B. Heymsfield

1996-01-01

131

Ethnic density in school classes and adolescent mental health  

PubMed Central

Objective The present study set out to examine the association between ethnic composition of school classes and prevalence of internalising and externalising problem behaviour among ethnic minority and majority students. Methods Data were derived from the Dutch 2002 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey, a nationally representative cross-sectional study with a total of 5,730 adolescents, aged 11–18 and attending secondary school, of which 931 belong to ethnic minority groups. The data were analysed using a multilevel regression model. Results The study revealed that, after taking individual characteristics like age, gender, educational level and family affluence into account, ethnic minority students on average report higher levels of externalising but not internalising problems. Ethnic density on the level of school classes modified this difference, as a negative association between the proportion ethnic minority students in class and externalising problem behaviour was found, but only for ethnic minority students. No effect of ethnic composition was found with respect to internalising problem behaviour. Conclusion The data revealed that ethnic minority students report higher levels of externalising problem behaviour, but only in classes with a minority of ethnic minority students and not in classes with a culturally diverse composition. This points towards a possible beneficial effect of a more culturally diverse environment for minority students. Majority students appeared to be insensitive for the ethnic density effect. Future studies should investigate the role of the ethnic composition of the school class more in-depth. PMID:19655079

Vollebergh, Wilma; van Dorsselaer, Saskia

2009-01-01

132

Blood cadmium levels in women of childbearing age vary by race/ethnicity  

SciTech Connect

The heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is long-lived in the body and low-level cumulative exposure, even among non-smokers, has been associated with changes in renal function and bone metabolism. Women are more susceptible to the adverse effects of Cd and have higher body burdens. Due to increased dietary absorption of Cd in menstruating women and the long half-life of the metal, reproductive age exposures are likely important contributors to overall body burden and disease risk. We examined blood Cd levels in women of reproductive age in the US and assessed variation by race/ethnicity. Blood Cd concentrations were compared among female NHANES participants aged 20-44, who were neither pregnant nor breastfeeding. Sample size varied primarily based on inclusion/exclusion of smokers (n=1734-3121). Mean Cd concentrations, distributions and odds ratios were calculated using SUDAAN. For logistic regression Cd was modeled as high (the upper 10% of the distribution) vs. the remainder. Overall, Mexican Americans had lower Cd levels than other groups due to a lower smoking prevalence, smoking being an important source of exposure. Among never-smokers, Mexican Americans had 1.77 (95% CI: 1.06-2.96) times the odds of high Cd as compared to non-Hispanic Whites after controlling for age and low iron (ferritin). For non-Hispanic Blacks, the odds were 2.96 (CI: 1.96-4.47) times those of non-Hispanic Whites in adjusted models. Adjustment for relevant reproductive factors or exposure to environmental tobacco smoke had no effect. In this nationally representative sample, non-smoking Mexican American and non-Hispanic Black women were more likely to have high Cd than non-Hispanic White women. Additional research is required to determine the underlying causes of these differences.

Mijal, Renee S., E-mail: rmijal@epi.msu.edu; Holzman, Claudia B. [Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, B601 W. Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)] [Department of Epidemiology, Michigan State University, B601 W. Fee Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)

2010-07-15

133

Students Call for Nuclear Age Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators and students, discussing the future of nuclear age education at a symposium, generally agreed that knowledge and values are separated in society. Sources of information and of the proceedings are listed along with the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development's (ASCD) resolution on nuclear freeze. (MLF)

Rose, Fred

1983-01-01

134

Aging among Jewish Americans: Implications for Understanding Religion, Ethnicity, and Service Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article challenges popular conceptions of the nature of ethnicity and religiousness in the gerontological literature. Using the example of older Jewish Americans, the authors argue for more nuanced definitions and usage of terms such as "religion" and "ethnicity" in order to begin to understand the complex interweaving of these two…

Glicksman, Allen; Koropeckyj-Cox, Tanya

2009-01-01

135

Literacy and cognitive change among ethnically diverse elders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research concerned with relations between literacy level and assessment of cognition among ethnically diverse elders is presented. The evidence suggests that literacy has a profound effect on neuropsychological measures across verbal and nonverbal domains, and that this effect is independent of other demographic and experiential factors such as age, years of education, sex, ethnicity, and language use. It appears that

Jennifer J. Manly; Desiree Byrd; Pegah Touradji; Danurys Sanchez; Yaakov Stern

2004-01-01

136

New Technologies, New Differences. Gender and Ethnic Differences in Pupils' Use of ICT in Primary and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the accessibility and attractiveness of different types of ICT applications in education for girls and boys and for pupils from families with an ethnic minority background and from the majority population in the Netherlands. A study was conducted in seven schools (primary and secondary). Data were collected on…

Volman, Monique; van Eck, Edith; Heemskerk, Irma; Kuiper, Els

2005-01-01

137

Education and Cultural Integration among Ethnic Minorities and Natives in The Netherlands: A Test of the Integration Paradox  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution sets out to identify the main determinants of two attitudinal indicators of cultural integration that figure in the construction of acculturation strategies: opposition toward ethnically mixed relationships and identification with the origin country. We derive our expectations from Social Identity Theory on the direct and indirect effects of education. To test our hypotheses we use data from the

Jochem Tolsma; Marcel Lubbers; Mérove Gijsberts

2012-01-01

138

Dropout and Downward Mobility in the Educational Career: An Event-History Analysis of Ethnic Schooling Differences in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While many aspects of educational careers have been examined in the literature on ethnic minorities, such as truancy, turnover and grades, downward mobility has rarely been studied. Using data on more than 10,000 students who entered secondary school in The Netherlands in 1989, we develop an event-history model for secondary school careers and we…

Kalmijn, Matthijs; Kraaykamp, Gerbert

2003-01-01

139

A Community Needs Assessment for Post-Secondary Education on the Multi-Ethnic Island of Lana'i.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gather information for Maui Community College's (MCC's), on the Multi-Ethnic Island of Lana'i. fall 1992 of students and residents of the island of Lana'i to assess community interests and educational needs. Responses were received from 232 Lana'i residents, of whom 49% were current or former students, 31% were male, and 84% were employed.…

Pezzoli, J. A.; McOmber, Phyllis

140

Who's in STEM? An Exploration of Race, Ethnicity, and Citizenship Reporting in a Federal Education Dataset  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the United States becomes more racially and ethnically diverse and draws more students from across the globe, more representative data are needed to understand at-risk and underrepresented populations in higher education, particularly in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. The authors argue that the current…

Byrd, W. Carson; Dika, Sandra L.; Ramlal, Letticia T.

2013-01-01

141

Racial/Ethnic Group and Socioeconomic Status Variation in Educational and Occupational Expectations from Adolescence to Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined the development of educational and occupational expectations from adolescence to adulthood in relation to racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status (SES) group membership. Hierarchical linear modeling on national data (NELS:88) spanning 12 years yielded several findings: (a) African American participants reported the…

Mello, Zena R.

2008-01-01

142

Comparison of Performance and Educational Patterns of Four Ethnic Groups of Students at Harper College. Volume XVII, No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an effort by William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) to determine the educational needs of minorities on campus and in the community, a study was conducted of the academic performance of different ethnic groups. Using student transcripts, the longitudinal performances of 100-student samples each of Blacks, Asians, and Hispanics were…

Lucas, John A.

143

Special Issue: Ethnic and Racial Administrative Diversity--Understanding Work Life Realities and Experiences in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph provides policymakers, administrators, faculty, researchers, and governing board members with information about diversifying the administrative ranks of colleges and universities in terms of race or ethnicity. It focuses primarily on relevant literature on administrators of color in higher and post-secondary education, with an…

Jackson, Jerlando F. L.; O'Callaghan, Elizabeth M.

2009-01-01

144

New technologies, new differences. Gender and ethnic differences in pupils' use of ICT in primary and secondary education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the accessibility and attractiveness of different types of ICT applications in education for girls and boys and for pupils from families with an ethnic minority background and from the majority population in the Netherlands. A study was conducted in seven schools (primary and secondary). Data were collected on participation, ICT skills and learning results, ICT attitudes and

Monique Volman; Edith Van Eck; I. M. C. C. Heemskerk; Els Kuiper

2005-01-01

145

A Fair Go: Factors Impacting on Vocational Education and Training Participation and Completion in Selected Ethnic Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are differences between, and among, people in ethnic communities. This study seeks to provide a more nuanced snapshot of vocational education and training (VET) participation and completion rates among Arabic, Bosnian, Cantonese, Spanish, Turkish, and Vietnamese communities. It investigates the effectiveness of English as a second language…

Miralles, Judith

2004-01-01

146

Ethnicity, Education, and Fertility Transition in Kinshasa, Congo. Working Paper 2-97-1. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substantial ethnic differences in fertility were documented in the Congo in the mid-1950s. These differences, apparent as well among women residing in Kinshasa, the capital, were linked to variations across ethnic groups in the incidence of venereal diseases and sterility. By the mid-1970s ethnic differences in fertility had diminished but were…

Shapiro, David; Tambashe, B. Oleko

147

Enhance Ideological Political Education Work for Ethnic Minority Students and Build up Harmonious Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To accelerate the development of the ethnic minority regions and cultivate ethnic minority talent, the state has successively implemented policies of setting up the Tibet Class and the Xinjiang Class in institutions of higher learning in China's interior regions ("neidi"), enabling some of the finest young students among the ethnic minorities to…

Liu, Yi

2010-01-01

148

The Vulnerability of Older Middle Age and Elderly Adults in a Multi-Ethnic, Low Income Area: Contributions of Age, Ethnicity, and Health Insurance  

PubMed Central

This community partnered study was developed and fielded in partnerships with key community stakeholders, describes age and race-related variation in delays in care and preventive service utilization among middle-aged and older adults living in South Los Angeles. The survey sample included adults ages 50 years and older who self-identified as African-American or Latino and lived in zip-codes of South Los Angeles (N=708). Dependent variables were self-reported delays in care and use of preventive services. Insured participants ages 50–64 years were more likely to report any delay in care (adjusted predicted percent (APP) 18%, 95% CI 14, 23) and problems getting needed medical care (APP 15%, 95% CI 12, 20) than those ages 65 years or older. Uninsured participants ages 50–64 years reported even greater delays in care (APP 45%, 95% CI 33, 56) and problems getting needed medical (APP 33%,95% CI 22, 45) and specialty care (APP 26%, 95% CI 16, 39) than those age 65 and over. Compared to older participants, those age 50–64 years were generally less likely to receive preventive services, including influenza or pneumococcal vaccines and colonoscopy, but women were more likely to receive mammograms. Persons ages 50–64 years had more problems obtaining recommended preventive care and faced more delays in care than persons age 65 years and older, particularly if uninsured. Providing insurance coverage for this group may improve access to preventive care and promote wellness. PMID:21143445

Walker, Kara Odom; Steers, Neil; Liang, Li-Jung; Morales, Leo S.; Forge, Nell; Jones, Loretta; Brown, Arleen F.

2010-01-01

149

The Impact of Aging on Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The percentage of adults aged 65 years or older is expected to increase from 12 percent of the population in 1980 to more than 21 percent by the year 2030. Since many adults stay involved with learning activities well into their 80s and 90s, educational organizations have a great opportunity to supply learning activities to this population. To…

Davis, Angela

150

Binge Drinking, Cannabis and Tobacco Use Among Ethnic Norwegian and Ethnic Minority Adolescents in Oslo, Norway.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to assess prevalence and factors associated with binge drinking, cannabis use and tobacco use among ethnic Norwegians and ethnic minority adolescents in Oslo. We used data from a school-based cross-sectional survey of adolescents in junior- and senior high schools in Oslo, Norway. The participants were 10,934 adolescents aged 14-17 years, and just over half were females. The sample was comprised of 73.2 % ethnic Norwegian adolescents, 9.8 % 1st generation immigrants, and 17 % 2nd generation adolescents from Europe, the US, the Middle East, Asia and Africa. Logistic regression models were applied for the data analyses. Age, gender, religion, parental education, parent-adolescent relationships, depressive symptoms and loneliness were covariates in the regression models. Ethnic Norwegian adolescents reported the highest prevalence of binge drinking (16.1 %), whereas the lowest prevalence was found among 2nd generation adolescents from Asia (2.9 %). Likewise, the past-year prevalence for cannabis use ranged from 10.6 % among 2nd generation Europeans and those from the US to 3.7 % among 2nd generation Asians. For daily tobacco use, the prevalence ranged from 12.9 % among 2nd generation Europeans and the US to 5.1 % among 2nd generation Asians. Ethnicity, age, gender, religion, parental education, and parent-adolescent relationships and mental health status were significantly associated with binge drinking, cannabis and tobacco use. These factors partly explained the observed differences between ethnic Norwegians and ethnic minority adolescents in the current study. There are significant differences in substance use behaviors between ethnic Norwegian and immigrant youth. Factors like age, gender, religion, parental education and relationships and mental health status might influence the relationship between ethnicity and substance abuse. The findings have implications for planning selective- as well as universal prevention interventions. PMID:25037580

Abebe, Dawit S; Hafstad, Gertrud S; Brunborg, Geir Scott; Kumar, Bernadette Nirmal; Lien, Lars

2014-07-19

151

From professional lives to inclusive practice: Science teachers and scientists' views of gender and ethnicity in science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To provide insight into issues of gender and ethnicity in science education, we examine the views of approximately 60 secondary science teachers and university scientists from three different research projects. In each project, participants and researcher explored the intersection of professional and personal identities; views of the nature of science; beliefs related to students' experiences in science education; and kinds of curricular and instructional strategies used to promote access and equity for all students. Participants' interviews were analyzed qualitatively for patterns across these four dimensions of inclusive science education. Analysis of data revealed a wide range of beliefs and experiences along each dimension. From our findings, we argue for careful examination of the ways identities shape instructors' professional experiences and educational practices; critical, constructive conversations about feminist science studies scholarship between professional developers and science teachers or scientists; and reasoned reflection on how views of students can inform recommendations for inclusive content and instruction. We conclude with the call for increased sophistication in the conceptualization and implementation of solutions to the problem of women and ethnic minorities in science education, for balancing recognition of systematic gender and ethnic bias with sensitivity to instructors and students' diverse interests and experiences.

Bianchini, Julie A.; Cavazos, Lynnette M.; Helms, Jenifer V.

2000-08-01

152

The Study of Ethnic Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine ethnic studies programs in higher education are described and the essay, "The Future of Ethnic Studies," by Thad Radzialowski, is presented. Radzialowski believes that ethnic studies can help students explore the meaning of pluralism and provide them with insights into the nature of community in America. It is suggested that ethnic studies…

Brown, Peggy, Ed.; And Others

1981-01-01

153

Ethnicity and Race: Creating Educational Opportunities around the Globe. International Advances in Education: Global Initiatives for Equity and Social Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of Global Initiatives for Equity and Social Justice takes a resource perspective toward culture, ethnicity, and race. Its purpose is to foster global dialog about race and ethnicity, with an emphasis on sharing strategies and solutions. While one might view problems stemming from racial and ethnic differences as intractable, the book's…

Brown, Elinor L., Ed.; Gibbons, Pamela E., Ed.

2011-01-01

154

‘To Be an Englishman’: Nation, Ethnicity and English Cricket in the Global Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution is concerned with two central issues in contemporary English cricket, both of which touch on notions of ethnicity and nation. Firstly, it explores the paradox in which, on the one hand, cricket has been an enduring motif of an unchanging Englishness while, on the other, particularly since the 1960s, the English cricket authorities have availed themselves of an

Stephen Wagg

2007-01-01

155

The Nonlinear Relationship between Education and Mortality: An Examination of Cohort, Race/Ethnic, and Gender Differences  

PubMed Central

Researchers investigating the relationship between education and mortality in industrialized countries have consistently shown that higher levels of education are associated with decreased mortality risk. The shape of the education-mortality relationship and how it varies by demographic group have been examined less frequently. Using the U.S. National Health Interview Survey-Linked Mortality Files, which link the 1986 through 2004 NHIS to the National Death Index through 2006, we examine the shape of the education-mortality curve by cohort, race/ethnicity, and gender. Whereas traditional regression models assume a constrained functional form for the dependence of education and mortality, in most cases semiparametric models allow us to more accurately describe how the association varies by cohort, both between and within race/ethnic and gender subpopulations. Notably, we find significant changes over time in both the shape and the magnitude of the education-mortality gradient across cohorts of women and white men, but little change among younger cohorts of black men. Such insights into demographic patterns in education and mortality can ultimately help increase life expectancies. PMID:24288422

Everett, Bethany G.; Rehkopf, David H.; Rogers, Richard G.

2013-01-01

156

Risk of developing multimorbidity across all ages in an historical cohort study: differences by sex and ethnicity  

PubMed Central

Objective To study the incidence of de novo multimorbidity across all ages in a geographically defined population with an emphasis on sex and ethnic differences. Design Historical cohort study. Setting All persons residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA on 1 January 2000 who had granted permission for their records to be used for research (n=123?716). Participants We used the Rochester Epidemiology Project medical records-linkage system to identify all of the county residents. We identified and removed from the cohort all persons who had developed multimorbidity before 1 January 2000 (baseline date), and we followed the cohort over 14?years (1 January 2000 through 31 December 2013). Main outcome measures Incident multimorbidity was defined as the development of the second of 2 conditions (dyads) from among the 20 chronic conditions selected by the US Department of Health and Human Services. We also studied the incidence of the third of 3 conditions (triads) from among the 20 chronic conditions. Results The incidence of multimorbidity increased steeply with older age; however, the number of people with incident multimorbidity was substantially greater in people younger than 65?years compared to people age 65?years or older (28?378 vs 6214). The overall risk was similar in men and women; however, the combinations of conditions (dyads and triads) differed extensively by age and by sex. Compared to Whites, the incidence of multimorbidity was higher in Blacks and lower in Asians. Conclusions The risk of developing de novo multimorbidity increases steeply with older age, varies by ethnicity and is similar in men and women overall. However, as expected, the combinations of conditions vary extensively by age and sex. These data represent an important first step toward identifying the causes and the consequences of multimorbidity. PMID:25649210

St Sauver, Jennifer L; Boyd, Cynthia M; Grossardt, Brandon R; Bobo, William V; Finney Rutten, Lila J; Roger, Véronique L; Ebbert, Jon O; Therneau, Terry M; Yawn, Barbara P; Rocca, Walter A

2015-01-01

157

Masculinities, the Metrosexual, and Media Images: Across Dimensions of Age and Ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

By inviting two generations of ethnically diverse men to define masculinity, this study makes visible ways men conform to, negotiate, and resist forces of hegemonic masculinity in the 21st century.\\u000a Masculine gender role conflict theory provides underpinning for a textual analysis of empirical evidence gathered among U.S.\\u000a young college men (N?=?80) in focus groups and their fathers\\/uncles (N?=?27) during interviews.

Donnalyn Pompper

2010-01-01

158

Ethnicity, Age, and Trends in Alcohol-Related Driver Fatalities in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the 8-year ethnic-specific declining trend in the proportion of alcohol-impaired driver deaths in the United States.Methods: We used the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), which is a census of all fatal motor vehicle collisions occurring in public properties in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico since 1975. For this study we only focused

Bahman Roudsari; Suhasini Ramisetty-Mikler; Lori A. Rodriguez

2009-01-01

159

Effects of Aging and Education on False Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of aging and education on participants' false memory for words that were not presented. Three age groups of participants with either a high or low education level were asked to study lists of semantically related words. Both age and education were found to affect veridical and false memory, as indicated in the…

Lee, Yuh-Shiow; Lee, Chia-Lin; Yang, Hua-Te

2012-01-01

160

Blood Relatives: Language, Immigration, and Education of Ethnic Returnees in Germany and Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1989, large numbers of "ethnic returnees" have settled in Germany and Japan. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, 2.8 million "Aussiedler," or ethnic German returnees, came to Germany from the former Soviet Union. In Japan, immigration reform driven by low-skill labor shortages induced nearly 300,000 "Nikkeijin," or people of Japanese…

Ortloff, Debora Hinderliter; Frey, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

161

A Case of Educational Reform from the Ground up: Involving Ethnic Minority Parents in the Life of the School in South East Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the challenge of education reform and presents an alternative to dominant approaches. In doing so, it draws on the work of three projects: first, the "Advancing Education Quality and Inclusion" initiative; second, the APREME (Advancing the Participation and Representation of Ethnic Minorities in Education) project which…

Frost, David

2012-01-01

162

Exploring Alcohol-Use Behaviors Among Heterosexual and Sexual Minority Adolescents: Intersections With Sex, Age, and Race/Ethnicity  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined sexual orientation status differences in alcohol use among youths aged 13 to 18 years or older, and whether differences were moderated by sex, age, or race/ethnicity. Methods. We pooled data from the 2005 and 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys and conducted weighted analyses, adjusting for complex design effects. We operationalized sexual orientation status with items assessing sexual orientation identity, sexual behavior, sexual attraction, or combinations of these. Results. Compared with exclusively heterosexual youths, sexual-minority youths were more likely to report each of the primary study outcomes (i.e., lifetime and past-month alcohol use, past-month heavy episodic drinking, earlier onset of drinking, and more frequent past-month drinking). Alcohol-use disparities were larger and more robust for (1) bisexual youths than lesbian or gay youths, (2) girls than boys, and (3) younger than older youths. Few differences in outcomes were moderated by race/ethnicity. Conclusions. Bisexual youths, sexual-minority girls, and younger sexual-minority youths showed the largest alcohol-use disparities. Research is needed that focuses on identifying explanatory or mediating mechanisms, psychiatric or mental health comorbidities, and long-term consequences of early onset alcohol use, particularly frequent or heavy use, among sexual-minority youths. PMID:24328614

Talley, Amelia E.; Hughes, Tonda L.; Aranda, Frances; Birkett, Michelle; Marshal, Michael P.

2014-01-01

163

Racial Discrimination and Psychological Distress: The Impact of Ethnic Identity and Age among Immigrant and United States-Born Asian Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The association between racial and ethnic discrimination and psychological distress was examined among 2,047 Asians (18 to 75 years of age) in the National Latino and Asian American Study, the first-ever nationally representative study of mental health among Asians living in the United States. Stratifying the sample by age in years (i.e., 18 to…

Yip, Tiffany; Gee, Gilbert C.; Takeuchi, David T.

2008-01-01

164

Participation in Surgical Oncology Clinical Trials: Gender, Race\\/Ethnicity, and Age-based Disparities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To characterize the representation of racial\\/ethnic minorities, women, and older persons among participants in surgical trials\\u000a sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The NCI Clinical Trial Cooperative Group surgical oncology trials database was queried for breast, colorectal, lung, and prostate\\u000a cancers treated during the period 2000–2002 (n=13,991). Data from the SEER program and the Census were used to estimate

John H. Stewart; Alain G. Bertoni; Jennifer L. Staten; Edward A. Levine; Cary P. Gross

2007-01-01

165

[Genetic demographic characteristics of the rural population of the Tuva Republic: ethnic and tribal composition and sex and age structure].  

PubMed

The ethnic, tribal, sex, and age composition was studied in populations of three districts of the Tuva Republic that were remote from one another. These were the Kyzylskii (the Shinaan population), Todzhinskii, and Bai-Taiginskii raions. The Todzhinskii population was characterized by a mixed ethnic composition dominated by Tuvinians and Russians (62.35 and 35.52%, respectively); the other two districts were only inhabited by Tuvinians. The studied populations differed from one another in the set and proportions of tribal groups--in the Todzhinskii raion, Turkic tribal groups were prevalent, whereas in the Shinaan and Bai-Taiginskii populations, many tribal groups of Mongolian origin were found. The estimations of relationship by isonymy indicated a considerable contribution of geographic isolation to the genetic differentiation of the populations: the estimated relationship between the highland Shinaan and Todzhinskii populations, which are difficult of access, was the minimum (Ri = 0.00262); the coefficients of the relationship by isonymy between the Shinaan and Bai-Taiginskii populations and between the Todzhinskii and Bai-Taiginskii populations were 0.00336 and 0.00483, respectively. All the studied populations were characterized by a "growing" age pyramid; however, the Bai-Taiginskii and Todzhinskii populations showed a tendency to narrowing its base. In addition, these two populations exhibited an unfavorable sex ratio at the reproductive age. The obtained results suggest that the Tuva population is genetically heterogeneous, which is accounted for by the tribal characteristics, the history of populations, and the geographic characteristics of the region. PMID:10495953

Kucher, A N; Puzyrev, V P; Sanchat, N O; Erdynieva, L S

1999-05-01

166

Ethnic Minorities and Achievements: The Black Hole in Science Ranks. Part 2: Post-16 Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the overrepresentation of ethnic minority postsecondary students into the arts and humanities instead of science and technical coursework and its impact on employability. The factors that impact this trend are highlighted. (GR)

Rasekoala, Elizabeth

1997-01-01

167

Racial/Ethnic differences in the educational expectations of adolescents: does pursuing higher education mean something different to latino students compared to white and black students?  

PubMed

There are striking disparities in the academic achievement of American youth, with Latino students being a particularly vulnerable population. Adolescents' academic expectations have been shown to predict educational outcomes, and thus are an important factor in understanding educational disparities. This article examines racial/ethnic differences in the future expectations of adolescents, with a particular focus on how expectations about higher education may differ in frequency and meaning for Latino youth. Participants included 375 urban ninth-grade students (49 % Latino, 23 % White, 22 % Black, and 6 % other; 51 % female) who gave written descriptions of how they pictured their lives in 5 years. Responses were subsequently coded for content and themes. Results demonstrate that Latino youth were less likely to picture themselves attending college when compared to Black and White youth, and more likely to hold social goals, such as starting their own family. Ethnic/racial differences also were found in the themes present in responses, with Latino and Black students more likely than White students to describe individuation and materialistic goals, and to give more unrealistic responses. For Latino youth only, higher education goals were associated significantly with individuation themes. In addition, for Latino youth, adolescents who wished to pursue higher education reported more depressive symptoms and emotional distress than those who did not picture going to college, whereas the opposite pattern was evident for Black and White youth. These differences may reflect cultural values, such as familismo. Practice implications include the importance of culturally tailoring programs aimed at promoting higher education. PMID:23111844

Turcios-Cotto, Viana Y; Milan, Stephanie

2013-09-01

168

Age-Related Left Ventricular Remodeling and Associated Risk for Cardiovascular Outcomes: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis  

PubMed Central

Background Age-related alterations of left ventricular (LV) structure and function that may predispose to cardiovascular events are not well understood. Methods and Results We used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examine age-related differences in LV structure and function in 5004 participants without overt cardiovascular disease when enrolled in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis; 1099 participants received additional strain analyses by MRI tagging. We also assessed the relation of age-associated remodeling with cardiovascular outcomes using Cox proportional hazard models adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors. Although LV mass decreased with age (?0.3 g per year), the mass-to-volume ratio markedly increased (+5 mg/mL per year, p<0.0001), driven by a substantial reduction in end-diastolic volume (?0.8 mL per year, p<0.0001). Age was also associated with a significant fall in stroke volume (?0.4 mL per year, p<0.0001) along with strain patterns reflecting systolic (p<0.0001) as well as diastolic (p<0.01) myocardial dysfunction – despite a modestly enhanced ejection fraction (+0.1% per year, p<0.0001). Increased mass-to-volume ratio conferred a significant risk for total cardiovascular events; this trend was strongest among younger (<65 years, HR 3.69 [CI 1.34–10.10]) versus older (?65 years, HR 1.68 [CI 0.77–3.68]) individuals with the highest compared to lowest mass-to-volume ratio quintile (Pinteraction=0.013). Conclusion Age is associated with a phenotype of LV remodeling marked by increased mass-to-volume ratio and accompanied by systolic, as well as diastolic, myocardial dysfunction that is not reflected by preserved ejection fraction. This pattern of ventricular remodeling confers significant cardiovascular risk, particularly when present earlier in life. PMID:19808592

Cheng, Susan; Fernandes, Verônica R. S.; Bluemke, David A.; McClelland, Robyn L.; Kronmal, Richard A.; Lima, João A.C.

2009-01-01

169

The Impact of Developmental Mathematics Courses and Age, Gender, and Race and Ethnicity on Persistence and Academic Performance in Virginia Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study examined the 2006 cohort of First-Time-in-College students from all 23 community colleges in Virginia. The goal was to examine fall-to-fall persistence and success in the first college-level mathematics course. Predictor variables used were developmental status, age, gender, and race and ethnicity of the student. Interaction…

Wolfle, James D.; Williams, Mitchell R.

2014-01-01

170

It Takes Two: The Role of Partner Ethnicity and Age Characteristics on Condom Negotiations of Heterosexual Chinese and Filipina American College Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, limited attention is paid to how partners influence the condom negotiation process. This study examined whether partner ethnicity and age were associated with condom negotiations (i.e., verbal-direct, verbal-indirect, nonverbal-direct, nonverbal-indirect) in heterosexual Chinese and Filipina American college women. Results from 181 women…

Lam, Amy G.; Barnhart, James E.

2006-01-01

171

Treatment-Associated Changes in Body Composition, Health Behaviors, and Mood as Predictors of Change in Body Satisfaction in Obese Women: Effects of Age and Race/Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of satisfaction with one's body is common among women with obesity, often prompting unhealthy "dieting." Beyond typically slow improvements in weight and body composition, behavioral factors might also affect change in body satisfaction. Age and race/ethnicity (African American vs. White) might moderate such change. Obese…

Annesi, James J.; Tennant, Gisèle A.; Mareno, Nicole

2014-01-01

172

Karyotype analysis of 161 unrelated schizophrenics: no increased rates of X chromosome mosaicism or inv(9), using ethnically matched and age-stratified controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chromosomal aberrations have long been studied in an effort to identify susceptibility genes in schizophrenia. The two most frequently detected abnormalities are X chromosome mosaicism in female patients and pericentric inversions of chromosome 9 [inv(9)]. Chromosome X aneuploidies are known to be age dependent but differences due to ethnicity remain undetermined. In the case of inv(9), its prevalence in the

Tomoko Toyota; Hiromitsu Shimizu; Kazuo Yamada; Kiyoshi Yoshitsugu; Joanne Meerabux; Eiji Hattori; Tetsuya Ichimiya; Takeo Yoshikawa

2001-01-01

173

Outcasts of Echo Park, Heroes of Brentwood: "Quinceanera, Keeping Up with the Steins" and Coming of Age in Ethnic L.A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenge of maintaining a national identity as a subculture in America is most evident in connection with special occasions, like transition rites. Coming of age is such an event. The continuity and transformation of the subculture is at stake. In American cities, as exemplified by Los Angeles, the ethnic neighborhood becomes a New Old…

Beck, Bernard

2007-01-01

174

All-age relationship between arm span and height in different ethnic groups.  

PubMed

The objective of the present study was to establish multiethnic, all-age prediction equations for estimating stature from arm span in males and females. The arm span/height ratio (ASHR) from 13 947 subjects (40.9% females), aged 5-99 years, from nine centres (in China, Europe, Ghana, India and Iran) was used to predict ASHR as a function of age using the lambda, mu and sigma method. Z-scores for forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and FEV1/FVC in 1503 patients were calculated using measured height and height calculated from arm span and age. ASHR varied nonlinearly with age, was higher in males than in females and differed significantly between the nine sites. The data clustered into four groups: Asia, Europe, Ghana and Iran. Average predicted FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC using measured or predicted height did not differ, with standard deviations of 4.6% for FEV1, 5.0% for FVC and 0.3% for FEV1/FVC. The percentages of disparate findings for a low FEV1, FVC and FEV1/FVC in patients, calculated using measured or predicted height, were 4.2%, 3.2% and 0.4%, respectively; for a restrictive pattern, there were 1.0% disparate findings. Group- and sex-specific equations for estimating height from arm span and age to derive predicted values for spirometry are clinically useful. PMID:25063245

Quanjer, Philip H; Capderou, André; Mazicioglu, Mumtaz M; Aggarwal, Ashutosh N; Banik, Sudip Datta; Popovic, Stevo; Tayie, Francis A K; Golshan, Mohammad; Ip, Mary S M; Zelter, Marc

2014-10-01

175

Teaching minority children hygiene: investigating hygiene education in kindergartens and homes of ethnic minority children in northern Vietnam.  

PubMed

Objectives. Ethnic minority children in Vietnam experience high levels of hygiene- and sanitation-related diseases. Improving hygiene for minority children is therefore vital for improving child health. The study objective was to investigate how kindergarten and home environments influence the learning of hygiene of pre-school ethnic minority children in rural Vietnam. Design. Eight months of ethnographic field studies were conducted among four ethnic minority groups living in highland and lowland communities in northern Vietnam. Data included participant observation in four kindergartens and 20 homes of pre-school children, together with 67 semi-structured interviews with caregivers and five kindergarten staff. Thematic analysis was applied and concepts of social learning provided inputs to the analysis. Findings. This study showed that poor living conditions with lack of basic sanitation infrastructures were important barriers for the implementation of safe home child hygiene. Furthermore, the everyday life of highland villages, with parents working away from the households resulted in little daily adult supervision of safe child hygiene practices. While kindergartens were identified as potentially important institutions for improving child hygiene education, essential and well-functioning hygiene infrastructures were lacking. Also, hygiene teaching relied on theoretical and non-practice-based learning styles, which did not facilitate hygiene behaviour change in small children. Minority children were further disadvantaged as teaching was only provided in non-minority language. Conclusions. Kindergartens can be important institutions for the promotion of safe hygiene practices among children, but they must invest in the maintenance of hygiene and sanitation infrastructures and adopt a strong practice-based teaching approach in daily work and in teacher's education. To support highland minority children in particular, teaching styles must take local living conditions and caregiver structures into account and teach in local languages. Creating stronger links between home and institutional learning environments can be vital to support disadvantaged highland families in improving child health. PMID:24875851

Rheinländer, Thilde; Samuelsen, Helle; Dalsgaard, Anders; Konradsen, Flemming

2014-05-29

176

Elementary Science Education in Classrooms and Outdoors: Stakeholder Views, Gender, Ethnicity, and Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we present a mixed-methods study of 2 schools' elementary science programs including outdoor instruction specific to each school's culture. We explore fifth-grade students in measures of science knowledge, environmental attitudes, and outdoor comfort levels including gender and ethnic differences. We further examine…

Carrier, Sarah J.; Thomson, Margareta M.; Tugurian, Linda P.; Stevenson, Kathryn Tate

2014-01-01

177

The Politics of Arabic Language Education: Moroccan Immigrant Children's Language Socialization into Ethnic and Religious Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on issues of reproduction and the manufacturing of national/ethnic and religious identities in the deterritorialized space of the Moroccan immigrant diaspora. More specifically, this paper examines Moroccan immigrant children's language socialization into pan-Arabic and Islamic identities in relation to the teaching of the…

Garcia-Sanchez, Inmaculada M.

2010-01-01

178

"It's Different Lives": A Guatemalan American Adolescent's Construction of Ethnic and Gender Identities across Educational Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from a multiyear ethnography and a longitudinal case study, this article examines how one Guatemalan American teenager negotiates the multiple socializations to ethnic and gender identities in her home, her Pentecostal church, and her high school. She must face processes of Americanization and Mexicanization. Americanization's thrust is to…

Ek, Lucila D.

2009-01-01

179

Trajectories of Externalizing Behavior from Age 2 to Age 9: Relations with Gender, Temperament, Ethnicity, Parenting, and Rater  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trajectories of children's externalizing behavior were examined using multilevel growth curve modeling of data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. According to ratings by both mothers and caregivers/teachers when children were 2, 3, 4, 7, and 9 years old, externalizing behavior declined with age. However, mothers rated…

Miner, Jennifer L.; Clarke-Stewart, K. Alison

2008-01-01

180

Intake of Lutein and Zeaxanthin Differ with Age, Sex, and Ethnicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids that are selectively taken up into the macula of the eye, where they may protect against development of age-related macular degeneration. Accurate assessment of their intakes is important in the understanding of their individual roles in eye health. Current dietary databases lack the appropriate information to ascertain valid dietary intakes of these individual nutrients. The

Elizabeth J. Johnson; Janice E. Maras; Helen M. Rasmussen; Katherine L. Tucker

2010-01-01

181

Intake of lutein and zeaxanthin differ with age, sex, and ethnicity  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids that are selectively taken up into the macula of the eye where they are thought to protect against age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Current dietary databases make it difficult to ascertain their individual roles in eye health because their concentrations ...

182

Effectiveness of different methods for delivering tailored nutrition education to low income, ethnically diverse adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Computer-tailored written nutrition interventions have been shown to be more effective than non-tailored materials in changing diet, but continued research is needed. Your Healthy Life\\/Su Vida Saludable (YHL-SVS) was an intervention study with low income, ethnically diverse, English and Spanish-speaking participants to determine which methods of delivering tailored written nutrition materials were most effective in lowering fat and increasing

Kim M Gans; Patricia M Risica; Leslie O Strolla; Leanne Fournier; Usree Kirtania; David Upegui; Julie Zhao; Tiffiney George; Suddhasatta Acharyya

2009-01-01

183

The influence of number of siblings on educational attainment: a comparison of racial/ethnic groups  

E-print Network

Descriptive Statistics of Student Sample by Racial or Ethnic Group and Gender. 34 4 Descriptive Statistics of Mexican American Students by Generational Status. 38 5 Logistic Coefficients from the Regression of Completion of High School Diploma on Selected... Variables for Mexican-Origin, Black and White Students Using Base Year Information (1988). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 6 Logistic Regression Coefficients Irom the Regression of Completion of High School Diploma on Selected Variables by Race...

Martinez, Alma Isabel

2012-06-07

184

The Role of Ethnicity in the Higher Education Institution Selection Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in the higher education landscape have led to many higher education institutions reassessing their recruitment and marketing strategies. A proper understanding of the relative importance of the choice factors that prospective students consider when selecting a higher education institution will enable higher education administrators and…

Jordaan, Y.; Wiese, M.

2010-01-01

185

Nursing Education and the Nuclear Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature of nursing education and baccalaureate nursing education programs were surveyed to investigate the degree to which nurses' professional responsibility for preventing nuclear war is being addressed. It was found that the literature does not adequately reflect the level of activity and interest within nursing education about nuclear…

McKay, Susan

1989-01-01

186

Expanding Arts Education in a Digital Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article proposes a way to expand the study of arts education within new contexts of technology and globalization. Drawing upon theories that have informed arts and aesthetic education in the past, the authors suggest new applications for these ideas to ensure that arts education sustains its significance in twenty-first-century society. The…

Choi, Haeryun; Piro, Joseph M.

2009-01-01

187

Ethnic differences in infant feeding practices and their relationship with BMI at 3 years of age - results from the Born in Bradford birth cohort study.  

PubMed

The present study aimed to explore previously unreported ethnic differences in infant feeding practices during the introduction of solid foods, accounting for maternal and birth factors, and to determine whether these feeding patterns are associated with BMI at 3 years of age. An observational study using Poisson regression was carried out to investigate the relationship between ethnicity and infant feeding practices and linear regression was used to investigate the relationship between feeding practices and BMI at 3 years of age in a subsample of 1327 infants in Bradford. It was found that compared with White British mothers, mothers of Other ethnicities were less likely to replace breast milk with formula milk before introducing solid foods (adjusted relative risk (RR) - Pakistani: 0·76 (95 % CI 0·64, 0·91), Other South Asian: 0·58 (95 % CI 0·39, 0·86), and Other ethnicities: 0·50 (95 % CI 0·34, 0·73)). Pakistani and Other South Asian mothers were less likely to introduce solid foods early ( < 17 weeks) (adjusted RR - Pakistani: 0·92 (95 % CI 0·87, 0·96) and Other South Asian: 0·87 (95 % CI 0·81, 0·93)). Other South Asian mothers and mothers of Other ethnicities were more likely to continue breast-feeding after introducing solid foods (adjusted RR - 1·72 (95 % CI 1·29, 2·29) and 2·12 (95 % CI 1·60, 2·81), respectively). Pakistani and Other South Asian infants were more likely to be fed sweetened foods (adjusted RR - 1·18 (95 % CI 1·13, 1·23) and 1·19 (95 % CI 1·10, 1·28), respectively) and Pakistani infants were more likely to consume sweetened drinks (adjusted RR 1·72 (95 % CI 1·15, 2·57)). No association between infant feeding practices and BMI at 3 years was observed. Although ethnic differences in infant feeding practices were found, there was no association with BMI at 3 years of age. Interventions targeting infant feeding practices need to consider ethnicity to identify which populations are failing to follow recommendations. PMID:24513174

Santorelli, Gillian; Fairley, Lesley; Petherick, Emily S; Cabieses, Baltica; Sahota, Pinki

2014-05-28

188

Axone, an ethnic probiotic containing food, reduces age of sexual maturity and increases poultry production.  

PubMed

Axone (Akhuni) is a homemade synbiotic (Nagamese fermented soybean product) served as side dish in North Eastern India. In this study, effects of Axone feeding on growth, weight gain, sexual maturity and egg production on Vanaraja birds (a strain of poultry bird developed at PDP Hyderabad for villages and backyard poultry) were evaluated. Axone incorporation in commercial poultry feed at the rate of 5 % (W/W) significantly improved growth rate (weight gain) both in male (p 0.001) and female (p 0.05) chicks, reduced age by 13 days at first egg laying (p 0.01), increased egg production (p ? 0.001) and improved egg weight (p ? 0.01). Microbiological analysis of Axone sample revealed that the major bacteria in Axone samples were Bacillus coagulans, well known for their probiotic value. PMID:24801640

Singh, Bhoj Raj; Singh, R K

2014-06-01

189

Utah's Age Waves and Their Potential Consequences  

E-print Network

1 Utah's Age Waves and Their Potential Consequences: Public & Higher Education Utah Education Deans of Utah Overview Population Trends Regional population trends Birth cycles and their effect on age structure Immigration and migration patterns Increasing cultural and ethnic diversity Utah Higher Education

190

Diverging or Converging Trends: An Investigation of Education Policies Concerning the Incorporation of Ethnic Minority Children in England, France and Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses specifically on the incorporation of ethnic minority children within the education systems of England, France and Germany. The trends in policy development after World War II in these countries are examined through the prism of three ideal-typical incorporation strategies--integration, assimilation and separation. This is done…

Qureshi, Yasmeen F.; Janmaat, Jan Germen

2014-01-01

191

Ethnic Background and the Transition from Vocational Education to Work: A Multi-Level Analysis of the Differences in Labour Market Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the impact of ethnic background on employment and earnings among people with a vocational education in Norway. I differentiate between three different groups: majority, first-generation non-Westerners and second-generation non-Westerners. Panel data from several public register databases of the entire population of…

Brekke, Idunn

2007-01-01

192

Race/ethnicity and telomere length in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis  

PubMed Central

Summary Telomere length has emerged as a marker of exposure to oxidative stress and aging. Race/ethnic differences in telomere length have been infrequently investigated. Leucocyte telomere length (LTL) was assessed 981 white, black and Hispanic men and women aged 45-84 years participating in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Direct measurement and questionnaire were used to assess covariates. Linear regression was used to estimate associations of LTL with race/ethnicity and age after adjustment for sex, income, education, smoking, physical activity, diet, and body mass index. On average blacks and Hispanics had shorter telomeres than whites (adjusted mean differences (standard error) in T/S ratio compared to whites: -0.041 (0.018) for blacks and -0.044 (0.018) for Hispanics). Blacks and Hispanics showed greater differences in telomere length associated with age than whites (adjusted mean differences in T/S ratio per one year increase in age -0.0018, -0.0047, and -0.0055 in whites, blacks, and Hispanics respectively). Differences in age associations were more pronounced and only statistically significant in women. Race/ethnic differences in LTL may reflect the cumulative burden of differential exposure to oxidative stress (and its predictors) over the lifecourse. PMID:19302371

Diez Roux, Ana V.; Ranjit, Nalini; Jenny, Nancy Swords; Shea, Steven; Cushman, Mary; Fitzpatrick, Annette; Seeman, Teresa

2009-01-01

193

Individual Education Plan Goals and Services for Adolescents With Autism: Impact of Age and Educational Setting  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study is to describe the educational programs for adolescents with autism (age 12—16 years) in inclusion and noninclusion settings as reflected in their Individual Education Plan (IEP) goals, services, and curricular adaptations...

Kurth, Jennifer A.; Mastergeorge, Ann M.

2010-11-01

194

Indicators of oral health in diverse ethnic and age groups: Findings from the International Collaborative Study of Oral Health Outcomes (ICS-II) USA research locations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Racial-ethnic group differences are assessed using a standardized set of oral health indicators, as well as various predisposing, enabling and need characteristics collected in the International Collaborative Study of Oral Health Outcomes (ICS-II) USA research locations. The unique data set contains comparable data on African-American, Native American, Hispanic, primarily Mexican-American, and White adults. Age group differences in oral health indicators

Pamela L. Davidson; Ronald M. Andersen; M. Marcus; K. A. Atchison; N. Reifel; T. Nakazono; H. Rana

1996-01-01

195

Moral Education in an Age of Globalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Care theory is used to describe an approach to global ethics and moral education. After a brief introduction to care ethics, the theory is applied to global ethics. The paper concludes with a discussion of moral education for personal, political, and global domains.

Noddings, Nel

2010-01-01

196

Ethnic group differences in cognitive ability in employment and educational settings: a meta-analysis  

E-print Network

The cognitive ability levels of different ethnic groups have interested psychologists for over a century. Many narrative reviews of the empirical literature in the area focus on the Black-White differences, and the reviews conclude that the mean difference in cognitive ability (9) is approximately 1 standard deviation; that is, the generally accepted effect size is about 1.0. We conduct a meta-analytic review that suggests that the one standard deviation effect size accurately summarizes Black-White differences for college application tests (e.g., SAT) and overall analyses of tests of g for job applicants in corporate settings. However, the 1 standard deviation summary of group differences fails to capture many of the complexities in estimating ethnic group differences in employment settings. For example, our results indicate that job complexity, the use of within job versus across job study design, focus on applicant versus incumbent samples, and the exact construct of interest are important moderators of standardized group differences.

Philip L. Roth; Craig A. Bevier; Philip Bobko; Fred S. Switzer; Peggy Tyler

2001-01-01

197

Ethnic Identity and Power: Cultural Contexts of Political Action in School and Society. SUNY Series, Power, Social Identity, and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection provide insights into the dilemmas faced by immigrants and ethnic minorities and by school personnel and policy makers. The first part of the book consists of comparative studies of ethnic identity, and the second part focuses on some lessons learned from studies of ethnic identification and equity, with implications…

Zou, Yali, Ed.; Trueba, Enrique T., Ed.

198

The Age and Qualifications of Special Education Staff in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the results of a survey distributed in April 2007 to government special education schools and settings throughout Australia. The survey collected information about the age and special education qualifications of teaching staff. It followed a similar survey that was distributed in May 2006 to Victorian special schools that…

Thomas, Tony

2009-01-01

199

State Higher Education Policies in the Information Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy issues relating to the integration of information and communications technology into higher education are addressed, primarily for those with policy development responsibility at the state level. The following chapters are included: (1) "State Higher Education Policies in the Information Age: An Introduction to the Issues" (Robert G.…

McGill, Mollie A., Ed.; Jonsen, Richard W., Ed.

200

Drugs Education and Prevention for School-Aged Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drug misuse in Northern Ireland, like many parts of the world, is becoming one of the major issues facing society today. A first stage to addressing this problem is effective drugs education and prevention strategies to school-aged young people. A survey of a range of education providers including mainstream and special needs schools, and school…

McCrystal, Patrick; Winning, Kerry

2009-01-01

201

Health-related characteristics and preferred methods of receiving health education according to dominant language among Latinos Aged 25 to 64 in a large Northern California health plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Latinos are a fast growing segment of the U.S. health care population. Acculturation factors, including English fluency, result in an ethnic group heterogeneous with regard to SES, health practices, and health education needs. This study examined how demographic and health-related characteristics of Spanish-dominant (SD), Bilingual (BIL), and English-dominant (ED) Latino men and women aged 25–64 differed among members of

Nancy P Gordon; Carlos Iribarren

2008-01-01

202

Hoosiers, Hicks, and Hayseeds: The Controversial Place of Marginalized Ethnic Whites in Multicultural Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Poor white children, often with roots in Appalachia, can present puzzling and intractable challenges for the multicultural educator. These students are not considered in multicultural textbooks, yet they face language and dialect issues, low educational attainment, under-representation in curriculum, and negative cultural stereotypes. This article…

Heilman, Elizabeth

2004-01-01

203

Students' Perception of the "Others" in Ethnic Separated School Systems: Implications for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes qualitative data obtained from focus groups with students learning in schools with a majority and minority language of instruction from Estonia, Latvia, Romania, and Slovakia. The focus groups were developed within the framework of the project "Divided Education, Divided Citizens?" conducted by the Network of Education Policy…

Nedelcu, Anca; Iucu, Romita; Ciolan, Lucian

2011-01-01

204

Effects of Motivation on Educational Attainment: Ethnic and Developmental Differences among First-Generation Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated differences in educational motivation among Hispanic and non-Hispanic first-generation students (FGS). Participants were 315 high school and college students who completed a revised academic motivation survey that measured participants' educational motivation (intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation).…

Propero, Moises; Russell, Amy Catherine; Vohra-Gupta, Shetal

2012-01-01

205

What Poverty Does to Girls' Education: The Intersection of Class, Gender, and Ethnicity in Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay examines poverty in Latin America and its effect on education. It focuses on sexual bias and emphasizes that poverty is inherent in the social and economic structure of the region. The text examines how states in Latin America view the role of education, and it describes the growing chasm between the poor and the gentrified in various…

Stromquist, Nelly P.

206

Ethnic Disparities in Graduate Education: A Selective Review of Quantitative Research, Social Theory, and Quality Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we analyzed research studies in the field of graduate education. In particular, we explored the issue of inequity in graduate education through three key lenses of social science analyses. Furthermore, we analyzed selected quantitative research studies that undertook a comparative examination of aggregate trends in enrollment and…

Franklin, Somer L.; Slate, John R.; Joyner, Sheila A.

2014-01-01

207

Access to Education in Peninsular Malaysia: Ethnicity, Social Class, and Gender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a comprehensive examination of the development of postindependent Malaysia's education policies. Compulsory education combined with sustained economic growth has produced a literate and upwardly mobile Malay population. Preferential policies for the Malays, however, have resulted in increased stratification and inequality among the…

Pong, Suet-ling

1995-01-01

208

Education Supports Racial and Ethnic Equality in STEM. ESA Issue Brief #05-11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) workers are essential to American innovation and competitiveness in an increasingly dynamic and global marketplace. In this report, the authors examine demographic disparities in STEM education and find that educational attainment may affect equality of opportunity in these critical, high-quality…

Beede, David; Julian, Tiffany; Khan, Beethika; Lehrman, Rebecca; McKittrick, George; Langdon, David; Doms, Mark

2011-01-01

209

Art Education: Growing Old or Coming of Age?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that traditional age-stage theory of visual art education is simplistic and misleading. Suggests that neoteny, the retention of juvenile-like traits in adults, may provide another means of linking human development to the visual arts. Concludes that the inherent neotenous aspects of art can make a contribution to successful aging. (CFR)

Sidelnick, Mark

1993-01-01

210

Nursing education and the nuclear age  

SciTech Connect

As reflected in the nursing literature, nurses have only recently begun discussing professional responsibilities for avoidance of nuclear war. The literature of the 1950s and 1960s focused on issues of civil defense. The 1970s were mostly silent, but with the onset of the 1980s a few articles identified the need for the nursing profession to recognize the importance of nuclear war prevention. The responsibility of nursing education for including content about nuclear issues has not been discussed in the professional literature. The author surveyed baccalaureate programs of nursing education to determine whether this lack of discussion was reflected in nursing curricula. Responses indicated that the literature does not adequately reflect the level of activity and interest occurring within nursing education about nuclear issues. Nevertheless, because there is so little discussion in the professional literature, an implicit message is sent that nuclear issues are not of importance and that nurses should not openly address them.24 references.

McKay, S.

1989-05-01

211

Medical Ethics Education: Coming of Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of medical ethics in the medical curriculum reviews its recent history, examines areas of consensus, and describes teaching objectives and methods, course content, and program evaluation at preclinical and clinical levels. Prerequisites for successful institutionalization of medical ethics education are defined, and its future is…

Miles, Steven H.; And Others

1989-01-01

212

Vicarious Exposure to Diversity as a Means of Influencing Young Children's Ethnic/Racial Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introducing preschool-age children to people of diverse ethnic/racial backgrounds and cultural practices is becoming one of the central features of early educational programming. This study used a pre-test post-test design with a control to assess such an educational intervention aimed at positively influencing American preschoolers' attitudes…

Kowalski, Kurt

213

From Ethnic Segregation to Bilingual Education: What Can Bilingual Education Do for the Future of the Israeli Society?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2006, a group of experts in language education from Europe, Canada and Israel gathered to discuss and reflect in a conference entitled: "Into the Future--Towards Bilingual Education in Israel." The conference, held at the University of Haifa, was initiated and organized by the Jewish-Arab Center and sponsored by the Zeit Stiftung from…

Hertz-Lazarowitz, Rachel; Mor-Sommerfeld, Aura; Zelniker, Tamar; Azaiza, Faisal

2008-01-01

214

Education for Aging. A Teacher's Sourcebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook contains background readings for teachers and suggests learning activities and resources for teaching about aging at the secondary level. During the lifetimes of present students, the population 65 and over will grow from 11% to 20%. Most children now in school will live well beyond their 70th birthday. There is, therefore, a…

Pratt, Fran

215

Consumer Education in an Age of Adaptation. Educator Resource Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to serve as a reference and resource, this publication contains ideas and information to help teachers modify content and teaching methods to assist students in coping with the changing marketplace. Part 1 of the guide lists educational objectives for these major content areas: (1) The Consumer and the Economy, (2) Values and Goals, (3)…

Campbell, Sally R.

216

Home Language and Educational Attainments of Ethnic Minorities in Western China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses effects of home language usage on minority student educational attainment in western China. Using survey data, the author finds that non-Chinese-speaking minority students are at a disadvantage in the transition to senior secondary schools. However, their transition to junior secondary schools is even more complicated. Rural…

Hong, Yanbi

2010-01-01

217

Ethnicity at School: "Non-Russian" Education in the Soviet Union during the 1930s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Soviet Union, the decade of the 1930s saw a remarkable rate of educational expansion, as state schools enrolled millions of pupils in higher proportions and for longer periods of time than ever before. Much of this expansion occurred in the "non-Russian" regions, where the native language of children and thus the primary language of…

Ewing, E. Thomas

2006-01-01

218

The Effects of Poverty, Ethnicity, and Special Education Status on Louisiana School Performance Scores.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Louisiana high stakes testing program has raised questions about equity issues. Students from lower socioeconomic groups are less likely to have access to quality penetration tools, and, like minority students, are less likely to have knowledge and skills of their more affluent peers. Students in special education have needs that place them at…

Lindsey, Sara J.; Fillippino, Tonja M.

219

Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Minorities: Chapter 6--Postsecondary Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter focuses on indicators of postsecondary participation, looking at the characteristics of students who enroll in postsecondary education, students who receive financial aid, and students who receive different levels of postsecondary degrees. Between 1976 and 2004, minority enrollments increased as a percentage of undergraduate…

KewalRamani, Angelina; Gilbertson, Lauren; Fox, Mary Ann

2007-01-01

220

Learning for a Purpose: Participation in Education and Training by Adults from Ethnic Minorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the participation in education and training by adults from selected minority groups in Great Britain. The primary sample included 300 adults from the Caribbean and 300 from the Indian subcontinent. Two smaller exploratory samples were also surveyed, consisting of 100 adults of Chinese and 100 of black African origin. Findings…

Sargant, Naomi

221

Education and Racial-Ethnic Differences in Types of Exercise in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Epidemiological research typically focuses on the intensity, frequency, or duration of physical activity, without consideration of the socially meaningful dimensions of exercise. The authors use data from the 1998 National Health Interview Survey (N = 17,455) and information on participation in 15 exercise behaviors to examine educational

Saint Onge, Jarron M.; Krueger, Patrick M.

2011-01-01

222

Education, race\\/ethnicity and out-migration from a border city  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through a combination of high immigration rates and differential fertility, communities along the U.S.-Mexico border have\\u000a become overwhelmingly Hispanic. El Paso, Texas, located across the border from Ciudad Juárez, forms part of the world’s largest\\u000a urban center on a land border. El Paso ranks among the bottom 10 large U.S. metropolitan areas with the smallest proportion\\u000a of college-educated adults, causing

Leticia Fernández; Cheryl Howard; Jon Amastae

2007-01-01

223

Ethnicity and Schooling: A Caribbean Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the relationship of ethnicity to students' experiences in and responses to schooling? How is success in school related to ethnicity? In this dissertation the schools and community of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, provide the setting for a multi-ethnic comparative case study in educational anthropology which addresses these questions.…

Gibson, Margaret A.

224

Changes in the age and education profile of displaced workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This analysis of data from the Displaced Workers Surveys suggests that between the periods 1983-87 and 1993-97, although the likelihood of involuntary job loss declined among most age groups, including older workers, it rose for middle-aged and older workers relative to younger workers. Three potential explanations for this shift the authors investigate are changes in educational attainment, changes in the

Daniel Rodriguez; Madeline Zavodny

2003-01-01

225

Age at first birth and completed family size in West Malaysia.  

PubMed

The relationship of completed fertility in West Malaysia to age at 1st birth, ethnic group, education, work experience, and number of marriages is examined by multiple classification analysis. In each ethnic group, the net effect of age at 1st birth, after allowing for the remaining variables, is strong. PMID:7287777

Aghajanian, A

1981-04-01

226

Gender, Ethnicity, and Physics Education: Understanding How Black Women Build Their Identities as Scientists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research focuses on the underrepresentation of minoritized groups in scientific careers. The study is an analysis of the relationships between race, gender, and those with careers in the sciences, focusing on the lived experiences of Black women physicists, as viewed through the lens of women scientists in the United States. Although the research is geographically localized, the base-line question is clear and mirrors in the researcher's own intellectual development: "How do Black women physicists describe their experiences towards the construction of a scientific identity and the pursuit of a career in physics?" Grounded on a critical race theory perspective, the study uses storytelling to analyze how these women build their identities as scientists and how they have negotiate their multiple identities within different communities in society. Findings show that social integration is a key element for Black women physicists to enter study groups, which enables access to important resources for academic success in STEM. The study has implications for physics education and policymakers. The study reveals the role of the different communities that these women are part of, and the importance of public policies targeted to increase the participation of underrepresented groups in science, especially through after-school programs and financial support through higher education.

Rosa, Katemari Diogo da

227

The Association Between Sexual Orientation Identity and Behavior Across Race/Ethnicity, Sex, and Age in a Probability Sample of High School Students  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the prevalence and associations between behavioral and identity dimensions of sexual orientation among adolescents in the United States, with consideration of differences associated with race/ethnicity, sex, and age. Methods. We used pooled data from 2005 and 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys to estimate prevalence of sexual orientation variables within demographic sub-groups. We used multilevel logistic regression models to test differences in the association between sexual orientation identity and sexual behavior across groups. Results. There was substantial incongruence between behavioral and identity dimensions of sexual orientation, which varied across sex and race/ethnicity. Whereas girls were more likely to identify as bisexual, boys showed a stronger association between same-sex behavior and a bisexual identity. The pattern of association of age with sexual orientation differed between boys and girls. Conclusions. Our results highlight demographic differences between 2 sexual orientation dimensions, and their congruence, among 13- to 18-year-old adolescents. Future research is needed to better understand the implications of such differences, particularly in the realm of health and health disparities. PMID:24328662

Mustanski, Brian; Birkett, Michelle; Greene, George J.; Rosario, Margaret; Bostwick, Wendy; Everett, Bethany G.

2014-01-01

228

Special Education Forms. Volume 1: School-Age Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises forms (and directions for their use) used in Oregon in conjunction with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for school-aged children. Forms are identified as either required or optional and are presented in a two-page format, with one page identifying the form, explaining its purposes, and providing…

Fink, Sandra; And Others

229

The Aerospace Age. Aerospace Education I. Instructional Unit II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is prepared for the textbook entitled "The Aerospace Age," published in the Aerospace Education I series. The guide is organized by objectives, behavioral objectives, textbook outline, orientation, suggested key points, suggestions for teaching, instructional aids, projects, and further reading. Major points stressed in the…

Air Univ., Maxwell AFB, AL. Junior Reserve Office Training Corps.

230

Effective Parenting Education through Age-Paced Newsletters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 20 years, Cooperative Extension University and county faculty throughout the nation have made available an unusually parent-friendly series of educational newsletters. Monthly issues of the newsletters address information by age groups. Through local and state collaborations that often feature the county Extension office, hospitals,…

Walker, Susan K.; Nelson, Pat Tanner

2004-01-01

231

Education and Older People. Selected Bibliographies on Ageing 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These annotated bibliographies are intended to assist researchers, students, and other practitioners interested in the topic of education and aging. How-to guides, research studies, literature reviews, essays, state-of-the-art reviews, and program descriptions are included. Works are arranged by the following subject areas: general, learning…

Norton, Dianne, Comp.

232

Media Arts: Arts Education for a Digital Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: New technologies have been largely absent in arts education curriculum even though they offer opportunities to address arts integration, equity, and the technological prerequisites of an increasingly digital age. This paper draws upon the emerging professional field of "media arts" and the ways in which youth use new…

Peppler, Kylie A.

2010-01-01

233

Age and educational track influence adolescent discounting of delayed rewards  

PubMed Central

This study examined age-related changes in a specific aspect of adolescent decision-making, namely the preference for future versus immediate outcomes. A sample of 622 Dutch adolescents aged 12–17 years completed a temporal discounting task. Participants were asked to choose between a delayed reward of €50 or an immediate reward of lower value. The delay interval was varied in three blocks (1 week, 1 month, 6 months). Results showed that preferences for large delayed rewards over smaller immediate rewards increased with age: late adolescents made more long-term decisions than early adolescents. This change was related to educational track. In the lower educational track, an age-related decrease in discounting was found for all three delay intervals. In the higher educational track this decrease only occurred for the 6 month delay interval. However, across all delay intervals enrolment in a higher level educational track was associated with an increased preference for long-term rewards. These results suggest that late adolescents are less susceptible than early adolescents to the competing presence of an immediate reward when making long-term decisions, a skill which becomes increasingly important as they transition into adulthood. PMID:24421778

Lee, Nikki C.; de Groot, Renate H. M.; Boschloo, Annemarie; Dekker, Sanne; Krabbendam, Lydia; Jolles, Jelle

2013-01-01

234

The New Age of Telecommunication: Setting the Context for Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview provides a technological context for the telecommunications age by describing existing and emerging systems--telephone, broadcasting, cable television, fiber optic, satellite, optical disk, and computer technology--and services available via these systems. It is suggested that educators need to become technologically literate and…

Wedemeyer, Dan J.

1986-01-01

235

Age and educational track influence adolescent discounting of delayed rewards.  

PubMed

This study examined age-related changes in a specific aspect of adolescent decision-making, namely the preference for future versus immediate outcomes. A sample of 622 Dutch adolescents aged 12-17 years completed a temporal discounting task. Participants were asked to choose between a delayed reward of €50 or an immediate reward of lower value. The delay interval was varied in three blocks (1 week, 1 month, 6 months). Results showed that preferences for large delayed rewards over smaller immediate rewards increased with age: late adolescents made more long-term decisions than early adolescents. This change was related to educational track. In the lower educational track, an age-related decrease in discounting was found for all three delay intervals. In the higher educational track this decrease only occurred for the 6 month delay interval. However, across all delay intervals enrolment in a higher level educational track was associated with an increased preference for long-term rewards. These results suggest that late adolescents are less susceptible than early adolescents to the competing presence of an immediate reward when making long-term decisions, a skill which becomes increasingly important as they transition into adulthood. PMID:24421778

Lee, Nikki C; de Groot, Renate H M; Boschloo, Annemarie; Dekker, Sanne; Krabbendam, Lydia; Jolles, Jelle

2013-01-01

236

Ethnicity and HIV risk behaviour, testing and knowledge in Guatemala.  

PubMed

Objectives. To describe levels of risky sexual behaviour, HIV testing and HIV knowledge among men and women in Guatemala by ethnic group and to identify adjusted associations between ethnicity and these outcomes. Design. Data on 16,205 women aged 15-49 and 6822 men aged 15-59 from the 2008-2009 Encuesta Nacional de Salud Materno Infantil were used to describe ethnic group differences in sexual behaviour, HIV knowledge and testing. We then controlled for age, education, wealth and other socio-demographic factors in a multivariate logistic regression model to examine the effects of ethnicity on outcomes related to age at sexual debut, number of lifetime sex partners, comprehensive HIV knowledge, HIV testing and lifetime sex worker patronage (men only). Results. The data show low levels of risky sexual behaviour and low levels of HIV knowledge among indigenous women and men, compared to other respondents. Controlling for demographic factors, indigenous women were more likely than other women never to have been tested for HIV and to lack comprehensive HIV knowledge. They were less likely to report early sexual debut and three or more lifetime sexual partners. Indigenous men were more likely than other men to lack comprehensive HIV knowledge and demonstrated lower odds of early sexual debut, 10 or more lifetime sexual partners and sex worker patronage. Conclusions. The Mayan indigenous population in Guatemala, while broadly socially vulnerable, does not appear to be at elevated risk for HIV based on this analysis of selected risk factors. Nonetheless, low rates of HIV knowledge and testing may be cause for concern. Programmes working in indigenous communities should focus on HIV education and reducing barriers to testing. Further research into the factors that underlie ethnic self-identity and perceived ethnicity could help clarify the relative significance of these measures for HIV risk and other health outcomes. PMID:24834462

Taylor, Tory M; Hembling, John; Bertrand, Jane T

2015-04-01

237

Ethnicity and HIV risk behaviour, testing and knowledge in Guatemala  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To describe levels of risky sexual behaviour, HIV testing and HIV knowledge among men and women in Guatemala by ethnic group and to identify adjusted associations between ethnicity and these outcomes. Design. Data on 16,205 women aged 15–49 and 6822 men aged 15–59 from the 2008–2009 Encuesta Nacional de Salud Materno Infantil were used to describe ethnic group differences in sexual behaviour, HIV knowledge and testing. We then controlled for age, education, wealth and other socio-demographic factors in a multivariate logistic regression model to examine the effects of ethnicity on outcomes related to age at sexual debut, number of lifetime sex partners, comprehensive HIV knowledge, HIV testing and lifetime sex worker patronage (men only). Results. The data show low levels of risky sexual behaviour and low levels of HIV knowledge among indigenous women and men, compared to other respondents. Controlling for demographic factors, indigenous women were more likely than other women never to have been tested for HIV and to lack comprehensive HIV knowledge. They were less likely to report early sexual debut and three or more lifetime sexual partners. Indigenous men were more likely than other men to lack comprehensive HIV knowledge and demonstrated lower odds of early sexual debut, 10 or more lifetime sexual partners and sex worker patronage. Conclusions. The Mayan indigenous population in Guatemala, while broadly socially vulnerable, does not appear to be at elevated risk for HIV based on this analysis of selected risk factors. Nonetheless, low rates of HIV knowledge and testing may be cause for concern. Programmes working in indigenous communities should focus on HIV education and reducing barriers to testing. Further research into the factors that underlie ethnic self-identity and perceived ethnicity could help clarify the relative significance of these measures for HIV risk and other health outcomes. PMID:24834462

Taylor, Tory M.; Hembling, John; Bertrand, Jane T.

2015-01-01

238

Pilot educational program to enhance empowering patient education of school-age children with diabetes  

PubMed Central

Background Nurses have a crucial role in patient education of children with type 1 diabetes, but they often exhibit lack of knowledge of the patient education process. This study aimed to describe an educational program to enhance empowering patient education process for the blood glucose monitoring education of school-age children and nurses’ perceptions of using empowering techniques. Methods An empowering patient education process for the diabetes education of school-age children was developed. The researcher collected nurse’s perceptions of managing the educational program by semi-structured interviews. Ten nurses carried out the diabetes education, and 8 of them participated in the interview. Three nurses implemented the diabetes education twice and were interviewed twice. The data consisted of 11 descriptions of the blood glucose monitoring education. The interviewer analyzed the data deductively and inductively by content analysis. Results Nurses described successful managing of the empowering patient education process. The need assessment consisted of using multiple methods and clarifying the capabilities and challenges of children and their parents. Planning manifested itself in adequate preparation and multiple objectives stated together with the family. Implementation comprised the relevant content, and the use of suitable teaching materials and methods. Evaluation was performed with various methods and documented accurately. Nurses also faced some challenges related to management and leadership, ambivalence with traditional and empowering patient education, and families’ overall situation. Conclusion An example of developing evidence-based patient education program is presented, but besides education other factors supporting changes in work practices should be considered in further development. PMID:23641969

2013-01-01

239

Treatment Acceptability of Social Skills Programs for Children with Autism: The Influence of Ethnicity, Age, and Problem Severity  

E-print Network

This study compared the treatment acceptability of four social skills interventions that are commonly used with children with autism, as rated by parents of children with autism spectrum disorders, general education teachers, and special education...

Fragioudakis, Maria

2010-10-12

240

The Influence Of Special Education On Education Support Of Ethnic Students As Perceived By Administrators And Teachers In Selected Public Schools In Education Service Center, Region 20, Texas  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study was to identify educators' beliefs indicating the most preferred support for students with disabilities in the general education classroom setting. This study examined professional educators' attitudes regarding four...

Faldik, Nancy Jean

2011-10-21

241

Characteristics and effectiveness of diabetes self-management educational programs targeted to racial/ethnic minority groups: a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression  

PubMed Central

Background It is not clear to what extent educational programs aimed at promoting diabetes self-management in ethnic minority groups are effective. The aim of this work was to systematically review the effectiveness of educational programs to promote the self-management of racial/ethnic minority groups with type 2 diabetes, and to identify programs’ characteristics associated with greater success. Methods We undertook a systematic literature review. Specific searches were designed and implemented for Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scirus, Current Contents and nine additional sources (from inception to October 2012). We included experimental and quasi-experimental studies assessing the impact of educational programs targeted to racial/ethnic minority groups with type 2 diabetes. We only included interventions conducted in countries members of the OECD. Two reviewers independently screened citations. Structured forms were used to extract information on intervention characteristics, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness. When possible, we conducted random-effects meta-analyses using standardized mean differences to obtain aggregate estimates of effect size with 95% confidence intervals. Two reviewers independently extracted all the information and critically appraised the studies. Results We identified thirty-seven studies reporting on thirty-nine educational programs. Most of them were conducted in the US, with African American or Latino participants. Most programs obtained some benefits over standard care in improving diabetes knowledge, self-management behaviors and clinical outcomes. A meta-analysis of 20 randomized controlled trials (3,094 patients) indicated that the programs produced a reduction in glycated hemoglobin of -0.31% (95% CI -0.48% to -0.14%). Diabetes knowledge and self-management measures were too heterogeneous to pool. Meta-regressions showed larger reduction in glycated hemoglobin in individual and face to face delivered interventions, as well as in those involving peer educators, including cognitive reframing techniques, and a lower number of teaching methods. The long-term effects remain unknown and cost-effectiveness was rarely estimated. Conclusions Diabetes self-management educational programs targeted to racial/ethnic minority groups can produce a positive effect on diabetes knowledge and on self-management behavior, ultimately improving glycemic control. Future programs should take into account the key characteristics identified in this review. PMID:25037577

2014-01-01

242

An exploratory examination of the relationships among emotional intelligence, elementary school science teacher self-efficacy, length of teaching experience, race/ethnicity, gender, and age  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among emotional intelligence, teacher self-efficacy, length of teaching experience, and age in a sample of south Texas public school teachers. Additionally, the study examined differences in emotional intelligence between male teachers and female teachers, and among African American, Hispanics, and White teachers. Participants were 180 elementary science teachers from south Texas public schools. The sample was made up of 14 (7.8%) males and 166 (92.2%) females. Regarding race/ethnicity, the study sample consisted of 31 (17.2%) African Americans (3 males and 28 females), 49 (27.2) Hispanics (7 males and 42 females), 98 (54.4%) Whites (3 males and 95 females), and 2 (1.1%) "Other" (1 male and 1 female). Participants ranged in age from 23 years to 65 years. Five hypotheses were proposed and tested to address the relationships under investigation. The study employed a mixed methods---correlational and causal-comparative---research design approach. Three instruments, the Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale (Mayer, Caruso, & Salovey, 1999), the Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument (Riggs & Enochs, 1990), and a demographics questionnaire were utilized to collect the data. An independent-measures t test, the Pearson r, and the one-way MANOVA were used to analyze the data. A Significant positive relationship was found between "emotional intelligence" and "teacher self-efficacy." Data analyses, however, failed to support hypothesized relationships between "emotional intelligence" and "length of teaching experience," and between "emotional intelligence" and "age". Additionally, statistical analyses of the data collected for this study supported predicted statistically significant differences in "emotional intelligence" between male and female teachers, and among the three race/ethnicity groupings. Based on these findings, recommendations for the application of the construct of "emotional intelligence" in Texas public schools are discussed.

Okech, Allan P.

243

SUMMER 2013 MINNESOTA CHAIR IN LONG-TERM CARE AND AGING CENTER ON AGING MINNESOTA AREA GERIATRIC EDUCATION CENTER  

E-print Network

GERIATRIC EDUCATION CENTER OldNews Center on Aging Summer Institute 2013 Dementia: The Disease of Our GERIATRIC EDUCATION CENTER The obvious motivation for and benefit of early diagnosis would be preventing

Blanchette, Robert A.

244

‘The big ones swallow the small ones’. Or do they? Language-in-education policy and ethnic minority education in the Lao PDR  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse nations in Southeast Asia. The post-1975 government's policies regarding ethnic minority peoples are often considered to represent an ideological shift from earlier monocultural orientations to a discourse of interethnic equality and solidarity. Yet a deeper reading of official policies, combined with an examination of

Angela Rose Cincotta-Segi

2011-01-01

245

Historical and current policy efforts to eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities in the United States: future opportunities for public health education research.  

PubMed

In the summer of 2005, the Society for Public Health Education convened a meeting, Health Disparities and Social Inequities, with the task of setting the minority health disparities research agenda for public health educators. The article provides a history of minority health efforts beginning with the Negro Health Improvement Week in 1915 and an overview of National Institutes of Health's (NIH) current 5-year strategic research plan to eliminate health disparities. The plan's goals represent a significant investment in minority health research and the emergence of NIH as the leading federal agency funding health disparity research. Understanding the history of minority health efforts and current health disparity research offers a perspective that will help guide public health educators in reaching the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating racial and ethnic health disparities. PMID:16760236

Thomas, Stephen B; Benjamin, Georges C; Almario, Donna; Lathan, Monica J

2006-07-01

246

Logical Inference Skills in Adult Reading Comprehension: Effects of Age and Formal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College-educated adults (44 aged 18-22, 20 aged 30-49, and 20 aged 61-79) and adults with no college education (15 aged 62-68) were given the task of making deductive inferences in prose passages. There were no differences among college-educated adults, but the oldest college-educated group performed significantly better than those with no…

Franks, Bridget A.

1998-01-01

247

How to Build a Better Brain Center for Successful Aging  

E-print Network

How to Build a Better Brain Center for Successful Aging December 11, 2013 Barbara Cherry, Ph Neurobiology Genetics Telomeres Diet Gender Race Health Behaviors Education Culture Social Support Lifestyle Relationships Non-significant Relationships Covariates Age Education Gender Ethnicity Path Analysis Program #12

de Lijser, Peter

248

University of Nebraska-Lincoln Children's Center It is the policy of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln not to discriminate based upon age, race, ethnicity, color, national origin,  

E-print Network

University of Nebraska-Lincoln Children's Center It is the policy of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln not to discriminate based upon age, race, ethnicity, color, national origin, gender, sex, pregnancy, disability authorizes the University of Nebraska ­ Lincoln Children's Center, hereinafter-called "UNL Children's Center

Farritor, Shane

249

Associations between air pollution and socioeconomic characteristics, ethnicity and age profile of neighbourhoods in England and the Netherlands.  

PubMed

Air pollution levels are generally believed to be higher in deprived areas but associations are complex especially between sensitive population subgroups. We explore air pollution inequalities at national, regional and city level in England and the Netherlands comparing particulate matter (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentrations and publicly available population characteristics (deprivation, ethnicity, proportion of children and elderly). We saw higher concentrations in the most deprived 20% of neighbourhoods in England (1.5 ?g/m(3) higher PM10 and 4.4 ?g/m(3) NO2). Concentrations in both countries were higher in neighbourhoods with >20% non-White (England: 3.0 ?g/m(3) higher PM10 and 10.1 ?g/m(3) NO2; the Netherlands: 1.1 ?g/m(3) higher PM10 and 4.5 ?g/m(3) NO2) after adjustment for urbanisation and other variables. Associations for some areas differed from the national results. Air pollution inequalities were mainly an urban problem suggesting measures to reduce environmental air pollution inequality should include a focus on city transport. PMID:25622242

Fecht, Daniela; Fischer, Paul; Fortunato, Léa; Hoek, Gerard; de Hoogh, Kees; Marra, Marten; Kruize, Hanneke; Vienneau, Danielle; Beelen, Rob; Hansell, Anna

2015-03-01

250

Mexican-American Self-Concept and Educational Achievement: The Effects of Ethnic Isolation and Socio-Economic Deprivation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative importance of school socioeconomic and racial-ethnic context for Mexican American student achievement and dropout behavior. Data reported in this paper were obtained from the first part of a larger 3-year panel study evaluating the effects of court-ordered busing on majority and minority…

Felice, Lawrence G.

251

Because the Numbers Matter: Transforming Racial/Ethnic Reporting Data To Account for Mixed Race Students in Postsecondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the policy environment in which data on race and ethnicity of college applicants are collected through a history of the federal collection of racial data, the current status of racial data collection, and the processes that led to current and proposed data collection requirements. The impact of recent changes in reporting…

Renn, Kristen A.; Lunceford, Christina J.

252

Investigation Gender/Ethnicity Heterogeneity in Course Management System Use in Higher Education by Utilizing the MIMIC Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the issue of learning equity in colleges and universities where teaching and learning have come to depend heavily on computer technologies. The study uses the Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) latent variable model to quantitatively investigate whether there is a gender /ethnicity difference in using computer based…

Li, Yi

2012-01-01

253

Ethnic Hairdressing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practical aspects of ethnic hairdressing for the beginning student in the field of Cosmetology are presented in this manual. Lessons and review questions are provided to give the student a knowledge of the problems encountered in dealing with the many different variations in hair, as well as to serve as a foundation for more complex material.…

Oates, Flora B.

254

The vulnerability of middle-aged and older adults in a multiethnic, low-income area: contributions of age, ethnicity, and health insurance.  

PubMed

This community-partnered study was developed and fielded in partnership with key community stakeholders and describes age- and race-related variation in delays in care and preventive service utilization between middle-aged and older adults living in South Los Angeles. The survey sample included adults aged 50 and older who self-identified as African American or Latino and lived in ZIP codes of South Los Angeles (N=708). Dependent variables were self-reported delays in care and use of preventive services. Insured participants aged 50 to 64 were more likely to report any delay in care (adjusted predicted percentage (APP)=18%, 95% confidence interval (CI)=14-23) and problems obtaining needed medical care (APP=15%, 95% CI=12-20) than those aged 65 and older. Uninsured participants aged 50 to 64 reported even greater delays in care (APP=45%, 95% CI=33-56) and problems obtaining needed medical (APP=33%, 95% CI=22-45) and specialty care (APP=26%, 95% CI=16-39) than those aged 65 and older. Participants aged 50 to 64 were generally less likely to receive preventive services, including influenza and pneumococcal vaccines and colonoscopy than older participants, but women were more likely to receive mammograms. Participants aged 50 to 64 had more problems obtaining recommended preventive care and faced more delays in care than those aged 65 and older, particularly if they were uninsured. Providing insurance coverage for this group may improve access to preventive care and promote wellness. PMID:21143445

Walker, Kara Odom; Steers, Neil; Liang, Li-Jung; Morales, Leo S; Forge, Nell; Jones, Loretta; Brown, Arleen F

2010-12-01

255

An Examination of the RCMAS-2 Scores across Gender, Ethnic Background, and Age in a Large Asian School Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the factor structure, reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and U.S. norms of the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale, Second Edition (RCMAS-2; C. R. Reynolds & B. O. Richmond, 2008a) scores in a Singapore sample of 1,618 school-age children and adolescents. Although there were small statistically…

Ang, Rebecca P.; Lowe, Patricia A.; Yusof, Noradlin

2011-01-01

256

A holistic approach to education programs in thalassemia for a multi-ethnic population: consideration of perspectives, attitudes, and perceived needs.  

PubMed

Hemoglobin disorders which include thalassemias are the most common heritable disorders. Effective treatment is available, and these disorders can be avoided as identification of carriers is achievable using simple hematological tests. An in-depth understanding of the awareness, attitudes, perceptions, and screening reservations towards thalassemia is necessary, as Malaysia has a multi-ethnic population with different religious beliefs. A total of 13 focus group discussions (70 participants) with members of the general lay public were conducted between November 2008 and January 2009. Lack of knowledge and understanding about thalassemia leads to general confusions over differences between thalassemia carriers and thalassemia major, inheritance patterns, and the physical and psychologically impact of the disorder in affected individuals and their families. Although most of the participants have not been tested for thalassemia, a large majority expressed willingness to be screened. Views on prenatal diagnosis and termination of fetuses with thalassemia major received mixed opinions from participants with different religions and practices. Perceived stigma and discrimination attached to being a carrier emerged as a vital topic in some group discussions where disparity in the answers exhibited differences in levels of participants' literacy and ethnic origins. The two most common needs identified from the discussion were information and screening facilities. Participants' interest in knowing the severity of the disease and assessing their risk of getting the disorder may imply the health belief model as a possible means of predicting thalassemia public screening services. Findings provide valuable insights for the development of more effective educational, screening, and prenatal diagnostic services in the multi-ethnic Asian society. PMID:22109791

Wong, Li Ping; George, Elizabeth; Tan, Jin-Ai Mary Anne

2011-06-01

257

The role of early life factors in the development of ethnic differences in growth and overweight in preschool children: a prospective birth cohort  

PubMed Central

Background Ethnic differences in childhood and adulthood are known, but ethnic differences in preschool overweight and associated factors are less studied. We assessed ethnic differences in pre-school age overweight, and studied the mediating role of early life factors in this association. Furthermore, we assessed body mass index (BMI) z-score development from birth to age 4 years to study ethnic-specific differences in BMI z-score trajectory. Methods We used data on 4581 children participating in a birth cohort who were born between 2002 and 2006 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Child’s ethnicity was defined according to country of birth of the parents. Weight and length/height was repeatedly measured between 1 and 45 months of age. Overweight at age 4 years was defined according to cut-off points for BMI from the international obesity task force. We performed logistic regression to obtain independent estimates of the association between ethnicity and preschool-age overweight, and to assess the mediating role of early life risk factors. Mixed models were used to describe BMI-z development for each ethnic group from birth to preschool age. Results Relative to native Dutch children, non-Dutch children were more likely to be overweight at age 4 years, except for Surinamese-Hindustani children. Socio-demographic factors, parental BMI, and infant weight change in the first 6 months after birth reduced associations. After full adjustment, Turkish (OR: 2.02, 95% CI: 1.34-3.04) and Antillean/Surinamese Creole (OR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.06-3.02) children were still more likely to be overweight at age 4 years. Conclusion Ethnic differences on the prevalence of overweight in preschool children can be partially explained by maternal educational level, parental overweight and early infant weight change. These may be possible targets to reduce ethnic inequalities in preschool age overweight. PMID:25022314

2014-01-01

258

Daily Intragroup Contact in Diverse Settings: Implications for Asian Adolescents' Ethnic Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the daily-level association between contact with same-ethnic others and ethnic private regard among 132 Asian adolescents (mean age = 14 years) attending four high schools ranging in ethnic composition diversity. The data suggest a positive daily-level association between contact with same-ethnic others and ethnic private…

Yip, Tiffany; Douglass, Sara; Shelton, J. Nicole

2013-01-01

259

Incidence of optic neuritis in Stockholm, Sweden 1990-1995: I. Age, sex, birth and ethnic-group related patterns.  

PubMed

We studied the incidence of monosymptomatic optic neuritis (MON) in Stockholm county, Sweden and its variation with person-related factors. Patients with suspected or diagnosed MON between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 1995 were referred from ophthalmologists and neurologists to a research registry. The diagnosis was based on accepted clinical criteria only, and verified by an ophthalmologist who examined all the patients. Data were collected by interview using a structured questionnaire. The crude mean annual incidence, based on 147 patients, 118 females and 29 males, diagnosed with MON, was 1.46 per 100,000 person-years, 2.28 for females and 0.59 for males. The corresponding age-adjusted incidences were 1.40, 2.28 and 0.53. The age-specific incidence curve for both sexes suggested a bimodal distribution with peaks at 30-34 years and 45-49 years. The smoothed cumulative incidences in 1 year birth cohorts showed a notchy profile, related to bimodality. The incidence among residents born out of the Nordic countries was low, 0.28 per 100,000. Patients with onset of MON before 40 years of age had a significantly higher frequency of mononuclear pleocytosis in cerebrospinal fluid and shorter duration to conversion to multiple sclerosis. In summary, MON occurred in Stockholm at a relatively low frequency, particularly among males. The presence of particular birth date and birth place related patterns might be etiologically relevant. PMID:9700712

Jin, Y P; de Pedro-Cuesta, J; Söderström, M; Stawiarz, L; Link, H

1998-07-15

260

Spirituality on Campus: The Emergence of a Postsecular Age in American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the emergence of a "postsecular age" in American higher education: an age in which the academic study and practice of spirituality is alive and well. This emerging age stands in contrast to the centuries-old secular age with its origins in the empirical revolution of seventeenth-century Europe. In the secular age, objective…

Subbiondo, Joseph L.

2011-01-01

261

Do dimensions of ethnic identity mediate the association between perceived ethnic group discrimination and depressive symptoms?  

PubMed

Ethnic group discrimination represents a notable risk factor that may contribute to mental health problems among ethnic minority college students. However, cultural resources (e.g., ethnic identity) may promote psychological adjustment in the context of group-based discriminatory experiences. In the current study, we examined the associations between perceptions of ethnic group discrimination and depressive symptoms, and explored dimensions of ethnic identity (i.e., exploration, resolution, and affirmation) as mediators of this process among 2,315 ethnic minority college students (age 18 to 30 years; 37% Black, 63% Latino). Results indicated that perceived ethnic group discrimination was associated positively with depressive symptoms among students from both ethnic groups. The relationship between perceived ethnic group discrimination and depressive symptoms was mediated by ethnic identity affirmation for Latino students, but not for Black students. Ethnic identity resolution was negatively and indirectly associated with depressive symptoms through ethnic identity affirmation for both Black and Latino students. Implications for promoting ethnic minority college students' mental health and directions for future research are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25090147

Brittian, Aerika S; Kim, Su Yeong; Armenta, Brian E; Lee, Richard M; Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J; Schwartz, Seth J; Villalta, Ian K; Zamboanga, Byron L; Weisskirch, Robert S; Juang, Linda P; Castillo, Linda G; Hudson, Monika L

2015-01-01

262

Cognitive Diversity in Middle-Aged and Elderly Adults: The Role of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines cognitive diversity through performance of four attentional tasks and a vocabulary measure in relation to age and level of education. Tasks were performed by 168 participants (aged between 45 and 91 years) who were grouped according to age and level of education. Multivariate analyses of variance were applied to Z scores…

Pereiro-Rozas, Arturo X.; Juncos-Rabadán, Onésimo; Facal, David; Pérez-Fernández, Aurora

2014-01-01

263

Substance Use during Pregnancy Varies by Race and Ethnicity  

MedlinePLUS

... 10, 2012 Substance Use during Pregnancy Varies by Race and Ethnicity When pregnant women use alcohol, tobacco, ... among Pregnant Women Aged 15 to 44, by Race/Ethnicity and Substance: 2002 to 2010 Source: The ...

264

The Benefits of Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Elementary and Secondary Education. A Briefing before the United States Commission on Civil Rights Held in Washington, D.C., July 28, 2006. Briefing Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On July 28, 2006, a panel of experts briefed members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights on the putative benefits of racial and ethnic diversity in elementary and secondary education. Four experts presented written statements to the Commissioners that assessed the social science literature on this issue. They also addressed whether or not…

US Commission on Civil Rights, 2006

2006-01-01

265

The Relationship between Principal Ethnicity and Other Chosen Demographics and Student Achievement as Measured by the Texas Education Agency's Accountability Rating System in Predominantly Hispanic Public High Schools in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this study was to examine the relationship between principal ethnicity and other chosen demographics (community type of the school, average years of teacher experience, and percent of students qualifying as economically disadvantaged) and student achievement as measured by the Texas Education Agency's (TEA's) accountability rating…

Tresslar, Christopher Adrian

2010-01-01

266

Race Ethnicity Survey University of Florida  

E-print Network

Race Ethnicity Survey University of Florida The U.S. Department of Education has changed the questions the university must use to collect race and ethnicity information for students and employees, the changes mean that: If you are Hispanic or Latino, you should also select a race in the second question

Mazzotti, Frank

267

Reflections of middle school students by gender and race/ethnicity on obtaining a successful science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sixty-five eighth grade students responded to a science beliefs survey during a science-inquiry lab unit in an action research project to assess whether gender has an effect on how the students perceive their science classes. The survey was given to eighth grade students during the first week of school. Student results were categorized by gender and by race/ethnicity. The middle school where the study took place is fairly diverse with 540 total students of which 48% of them are White, 42% are Black, and 10% are Hispanic. Six female science teachers are employed at the middle school, two per grade. The first unit that is taught in science is inquiry skills, the basics of all science such as graphing, laboratory tools, safety, etc. This unit is taught in 6 th, 7th, and 8th grades, as a part of our standards. Inquiry test results for 8th graders are also given in this thesis, and are categorized again by gender and race/ethnicity. The results of the surveys and the assessment show a gap in the way students think about and complete activities in science. It was exciting to see that the female students scored better overall than male students on an inquiry-based summative assessment, while white students overall scored better than Black and Hispanic students. White males tended to rank science as the class they enjoyed the most of all core classes and thought science was easier than all the other data demographics. The conclusion found was stunning, in that the true gap in student's beliefs about science lies within the different races/ethnicities, rather than just gender alone.

Mihalik, Bethany

268

Effect of Age, Education, and Bilingualism on Confrontation Naming in Older Illiterate and Low-Educated Populations  

PubMed Central

We investigated the effects of age as well as the linked factors of education and bilingualism on confrontation naming in rural Kashmir by creating a culturally appropriate naming test with pictures of 60 objects. We recruited 48 cognitively normal participants whose ages ranged from 18 to 28 and from 60 to 85. Participants in our study were illiterate monolinguals (N = 18) and educated Kashmiri-Urdu bilinguals (N = 30). Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that younger adults performed better than older adults (P < 0.01) and the age effect was quadratic (age2). It also showed Age X Education and Age X L2 Speaking interactions predicted naming performance. The Age X Education interaction indicated that the advantages of greater education increased with advancing age. Since education is in the second language (L2) in our population, this finding is no doubt linked to the Age X L2 Speaking interaction. This suggests that L2 speaking proficiency contributed more to first language (L1) naming with advancing age. PMID:24825965

Ashaie, Sameer; Obler, Loraine

2014-01-01

269

Aging of theory of mind: The influence of educational level and cognitive processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies of theory of mind (ToM) in old age have provided mixed results. We predicted that educational level and cognitive processing are two factors influencing the pattern of the aging of ToM. To test this hypothesis, a younger group who received higher education (mean age 20.46 years), an older group with an education level equal to that of the

Xiaoming Li; Kai Wang; Fan Wang; Qian Tao; Yu Xie; Qi Cheng

2012-01-01

270

The Integrity of Ethnicity Data. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since ethnicity is so often used in research on educational outcomes, this study examined the consistency with which students at Kapiolani Community College (Hawaii) reported their ethnic background. The study compared two different sources of ethnic data: the college application form and an interest inventory that all students fill out and submit…

Abou-Sayf, Frank K.

271

Household and neighborhood conditions partially account for associations between education and physical capacity in the National Health and Aging Trends Study.  

PubMed

Socioeconomic resources, such as education, prevent disability but are not readily modifiable. We tested the hypothesis that household and neighborhood conditions, which may be modifiable, partially account for associations between education and physical capacity in a population-based sample of older adults. The National Health and Aging Trends Study measured education (educational effects into direct effects and indirect effects via household and neighborhood conditions, using sample weights and adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, household size, BMI, self-reported health, and number of medical conditions in 6874 community-dwelling participants. Education was directly associated with SPPB scores (? = 0.055, p < 0.05) and peak flow (? = 0.095, p < 0.05), but not grip strength. Also, indirect effects were found for household disorder with SPPB scores (? = 0.013, p < 0.05), grip strength (? = 0.007, p < 0.05), and peak flow (? = 0.010, p < 0.05). Indirect effects were also found for street disorder with SPPB scores (? = 0.012, p < 0.05). Indirect effects of household and neighborhood conditions accounted for approximately 35%, 27% and 14% of the total association between education and SPPB scores, grip strength level, and peak expiratory flow level, respectively. Household disorder and street disorder partially accounted for educational disparities in physical capacity. However, educational disparities in SPPB scores and peak expiratory flow persisted after accounting for household and neighborhood conditions and chronic conditions, suggesting additional pathways. Interventions and policies aiming to support aging in place should consider addressing household-level and street-level disorder. PMID:25594954

Samuel, Laura J; Glass, Thomas A; Thorpe, Roland J; Szanton, Sarah L; Roth, David L

2015-03-01

272

Does SES or Acculturation Modify the Association between Ethnicity and Hypertension Treatment before Stroke?  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose Socioeconomic status (SES) and acculturation may modify the association between ethnicity and hypertension treatment before stroke. We assessed pre-stroke treatment of hypertension by ethnicity, education (proxy for SES), and English proficiency (EP, proxy for acculturation) in a population-based stroke surveillance project. Methods Among 763 first-ever stroke patients aged ?45 years in the Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi project from 2000–2006, we examined self-reported hypertension treatment at the time of the stroke by ethnicity (MA vs. NHW) in the overall sample, within education strata (high school), and after dichotomizing MAs by self-reported EP (limited vs. proficient). Logistic regression adjusted associations for age, sex, education, diabetes, coronary artery disease, hypercholesterolemia, and health insurance. Results NHWs and MAs reported similar hypertension treatment (84% vs. 86%; P=0.53). Hypertension treatment was 84% for NHWs and 90% for MAs (P=0.18) in high school stratum (ethnicity-by-education interaction P=0.09). Hypertension treatment was 83% for NHWs, 87% for MAs with EP (PvsNHWs=0.35), and 90% for MAs with limited EP (PvsNHWs=0.13)(ethnicity-by-EP interaction P=0.22). Stroke patients with no health insurance (adjusted odds ratio, aOR, 0.13; 95%CI, 0.03–0.60) or no physician visit ?6 months (aOR, 0.09; 95%CI, 0.03–0.24) had lower odds of hypertension treatment. Conclusion We found no evidence that SES or acculturation modify the association between ethnicity and hypertension treatment before stroke. PMID:24046006

Levine, Deborah A.; Morgenstern, Lewis B.; Langa, Kenneth M.; Skolarus, Lesli E.; Smith, Melinda A.; Lisabeth, Lynda D.

2013-01-01

273

Social Work Knowledge of Facts on Aging: Influence of Field and Classroom Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Palmore's Facts on Aging Quiz (FAQ) was used to measure aging knowledge outcomes of 323 practicum students engaged in aging-focused practica at pre- and posttest across 11 universities. Significant improvement in knowledge scores (p = 0.0001) was found for graduates of the enhanced field education programs. Taking aging course work was a…

Birkenmaier, Julie; Rowan, Noell L.; Damron-Rodriguez, JoAnn; Lawrance, Frances P.; Volland, Patricia J.

2009-01-01

274

The Changing Age Structure of Pennsylvania's Population and Its Implications for Educational Planning. Demographic Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the age composition of Pennsylvanians. An analysis by specific age groups shows the types of pressure that will be exerted on both basic and higher education. In conducting the analysis, the following are closely examined: age bracket 5-15 years in relation to elementary enrollment, age bracket 14-17 in relation to secondary…

Cho, Seon H.; Senier, John

275

Too Latino and Not Latino Enough: The Role of Ethnicity-Related Stressors on Latino College Students' Life Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between demographics (generation status, age, gender, education level) and ethnicity-related stressors, namely, perceived discrimination, stereotype confirmation concern, and own-group conformity pressure, and the life satisfaction of 115 Latino college students was examined. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated…

Ojeda, Lizette; Navarro, Rachel L.; Meza, Rocio Rosales; Arbona, Consuelo

2012-01-01

276

A Study of Elementary and Secondary Teacher Knowledge and Attitudes toward Aging and the Implementation of Aging Education in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study surveys elementary and secondary teachers in Taiwan and compares the findings with other studies conducted in America and Japan. The objective is to explore differences among teachers in Taiwan, Japan, and the United States in terms of their knowledge of, and attitudes toward, aging and the implementation of aging education in schools.…

Huang, Chin-Shan

2012-01-01

277

The Role of Ethnic Culture in Work-Family Balance among Armenian Women in Leadership Positions in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contemporary society women leaders in education have struggled to balance work and family. While some women have succeeded in finding that balance, many others are still struggling. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the experiences of three Armenian women in senior-level leadership positions in higher education in the United…

Baran, Hasmig

2012-01-01

278

Race & Ethnicity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The English Server at the University of Washington (see the December 12, 1996 Scout Report) consists of reference material, essays, fiction and non-fiction books, and other resources "addressing issues of race and ethnicity in the United States." The Server's selections are discriminating and up-to-date with essays by luminaries in the field such as bell hooks, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and Cornel West; autobiographical narratives from Frederick Douglass and W.E.B. DuBois; a useful list of links to high-quality Websites; and famous "quotables" such as Martin Luther King's "I have a Dream" speech and Nelson Mandela's speech upon his release from prison. A keyword search engine is also available.

1990-01-01

279

Education, Globalization, and the State in the Age of Terrorism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education plays an important role in challenging, combating and in understanding terrorism in its different forms, whether as counter-terrorism or as a form of human rights education. Just as education has played a significant role in the process of nation-building, so education also plays a strong role in the process of empire, globalization and…

Peters, Michael A.

2004-01-01

280

Association between ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase-L1 S18Y variant and risk of Parkinson's disease: the impact of ethnicity and onset age.  

PubMed

The Ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCHL1) is a candidate risk gene for Parkinson' disease (PD), and a function SNP (rs5030732) in the coding region of this gene has been studied for the association with the disease extensively among worldwide populations, but the results were inconsistent and controversial. Here, to estimate the association between UCHL1 S18Y polymorphism and risk of PD in general population, we conducted a systematic meta-analysis by combining all available case-control subjects in Asian, European, and American populations, with a total of 7742 PD cases and 8850 healthy controls, and the pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs) for UCHL1 S18Y polymorphism and PD were calculated using the Mantel-Haenszel method with a fixed- or random-effects model. Subgroup analysis was also performed in different onset age-matched groups. Among high-quality studies, UCHL1 S18Y polymorphism was moderately associated with the risk of PD (allele contrasts, OR = 1.063, 95 % CI 1.008-1.122; p = 0.024; regressive genetic model, OR = 1.078, 95 % CI 1.005-1.157; p = 0.035). When stratifying for ethnicity, none association were observed in subgroups. Analysis of early-onset PD (EOPD) and late-onset PD (LOPD) revealed that the polymorphism was not associated with the risk of PD. In conclusion, our meta-analysis suggests that UCHL1 S18Y polymorphism is moderately associated with susceptibility to PD, and more studies are needed to confirm our conclusion. PMID:25370916

Liu, Ying; Chen, Yan-Yan; Liu, Hui; Yao, Ci-Jiang; Zhu, Xiao-Xia; Chen, Dao-Jun; Yang, Jin; Lu, You-Jin; Cao, Ji-Yu

2014-11-01

281

What Educational Opportunities Should Professionals in Aging Provide?: A Pilot Community Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the aging workforce and the increase of older adults, educational needs of the workforce in aging services are broadening. The pilot study used a survey to examine the types of educational opportunities and needs of professionals providing services to older adults in eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania. Respondents (25.9%) reported learning…

Van Dussen, Daniel J.; Leson, Suzanne M.

2010-01-01

282

Principles and Practices of Mature-Age Education at U3As  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A movement known as the Universities of the Third Age (U3As) provides educational, cultural and social services for mature-age people in Australia and internationally. This paper focuses on the educational courses run by U3As and discusses two basic questions: What are the expectations of learners who enrol in these classes? and How can tutors…

Siedle, Rob

2011-01-01

283

Effects of Gender, Age, and Education on Assertiveness in a Nigerian Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two hundred fourteen (214) married persons, 101 men and 113 women aged 20-60, with at least high school education, participated in the study which investigated the effects of gender, age, and educational attainment on assertiveness among married persons in Nigeria. The Assertive Behavior Assessment scale (ABAS; Onyeizugbo, 1998) was used to…

Onyeizugbo, Eucharia U.

2003-01-01

284

Favorite Foods of Older Adults Living in the Black Belt Region of the United States: Influences of Ethnicity, Gender, and Education  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to examine food preferences of older adults living in the Black Belt Region of the Southeastern United States and the extent to which food preferences vary according to ethnicity, gender, and educational level. 270 older adults who were receiving home health services were interviewed in their home and were queried regarding their favorite foods. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the sample. Chi-square analysis or one-way analyses of variance was used, where appropriate, in bivariate analyses, and logistic regression models were used in multivariate analyses. A total of 1,857 favorite foods were reported (mean per person = 6.88). The top ten favorite foods reported included: 1) chicken (of any kind), 2) collard greens, 3) cornbread, 4) green or string beans, 5) fish (fried catfish is implied), 6) turnip greens, 7) potatoes, 8) apples, 9) tomatoes, fried chicken, and eggs tied, and 10) steak and ice cream tied. African Americans and those with lower levels of education were more likely to report traditional Southern foods among their favorite foods and had a more limited repertoire of favorite foods. Findings have implications for understanding health disparities that may be associated with diet and development of culturally-appropriate nutrition interventions. PMID:23262296

Yang, Yongbin; Buys, David R.; Judd, Suzanne E.; Gower, Barbara A.; Locher, Julie L.

2012-01-01

285

Consideration of Ethnic Variables in the Assessment of Frail Elderly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to appropriately assess the needs of the frail elderly, and to establish effective treatment plans and goals, ethnic variables must be considered. Ethnicity can affect individuals in various ways as they age. One's sense of self and perception of others in later life are influenced by the values and traditions of one's ethnic heritage.…

Cole, Lois H.

286

Revisioning Education for All in the Age of Migration: Global Challenges and Opportunities for Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper revisits and revisions Education for All (EFA) in the age of global migration with the aim of developing more inclusive approaches towards social justice and equity in education. Drawing on cases of internal and international migration in China and Canada, this paper compares and contrasts policies and practices in the education of…

Guo, Shibao

2014-01-01

287

Labor Market Advancement for Young Men: How It Differs by Educational Attainment and Race\\/Ethnicity During the Initial Transition to Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the 1990 U.S. Census and the 2006–2007 American Community Survey (ACS) and a synthetic cohort method, this article examines the labor market performance of young men during their initial transition to work and how it differs by educational attainment and race. The article looks at young men between the ages of 16 to 26 in 1990 who

Michael A. Stoll

2010-01-01

288

Current and Emerging Forces Impacting Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the methodology of force field analysis, the paper develops possible futures for special education based on current trends. Demographic forces impacting special education include age changes, ethnicity changes, the needs of emerging language minorities, specific change in the youth population, environmental factors and the incidence of…

Yates, James R.

289

Children's Cross-Ethnic Relationships in Elementary Schools: Concurrent and Prospective Associations between Ethnic Segregation and Social Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether ethnic segregation is concurrently (fall) and prospectively (fall to spring) associated with social status among 4th- and 5th-grade African American and European American children ("n" = 713, ages 9-11 years). Segregation measures were (a) same-ethnicity favoritism in peer affiliations and (b) cross-ethnicity dislike.…

Wilson, Travis M.; Rodkin, Philip C.

2013-01-01

290

Ability of university-level education to prevent age-related decline in emotional intelligence  

PubMed Central

Numerous studies have suggested that educational history, as a proxy measure of active cognitive reserve, protects against age-related cognitive decline and risk of dementia. Whether educational history also protects against age-related decline in emotional intelligence (EI) is unclear. The present study examined ability EI in 310 healthy adults ranging in age from 18 to 76 years using the Mayer–Salovey–Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). We found that older people had lower scores than younger people for total EI and for the EI branches of perceiving, facilitating, and understanding emotions, whereas age was not associated with the EI branch of managing emotions. We also found that educational history protects against this age-related EI decline by mediating the relationship between age and EI. In particular, the EI scores of older adults with a university education were higher than those of older adults with primary or secondary education, and similar to those of younger adults of any education level. These findings suggest that the cognitive reserve hypothesis, which states that individual differences in cognitive processes as a function of lifetime intellectual activities explain differential susceptibility to functional impairment in the presence of age-related changes and brain pathology, applies also to EI, and that education can help preserve cognitive-emotional structures during aging. PMID:24653697

Cabello, Rosario; Navarro Bravo, Beatriz; Latorre, José Miguel; Fernández-Berrocal, Pablo

2014-01-01

291

The Dynamics of Educational Leadership Roles for Asian-American Women as Contrasted to Their Global Counterparts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research efforts within the United States focusing on educational leadership have largely excluded the perspectives of women and minorities. As American school-age populations become increasingly diverse, the need for educational leaders from diverse backgrounds also increases. However, the research data show that females and ethnic minorities are under-represented in American educational leadership positions. This paper briefly examines global educational leadership

Dina C. Pacis; Sidney R. Castle

2008-01-01

292

Moving Education and Its Administration into the Microelectronic Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is in transition between the ascendent microelectronic and descendent industrial revolutions, with purposes ambiguously linked to both. These purposes must be clarified before educational leaders can establish priorities for adapting education to the needs of a society transformed by microelectronic technology. Accordingly, the features…

Culbertson, Jack A.

293

Building a Global Community of Policymakers, Researchers and Educators to Move Education Systems into the Digital Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The EDUsummIT 2011 aimed to develop (a) recommendations for policy, practice and research that will help educational systems move into the digital age and (b) strategies to build a global community of researchers, policymakers and teachers in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education. Thematic working groups…

Voogt, J.; Knezek, G.

2013-01-01

294

Minnesota Chair in Long-terM Care and aging Center on aging Minnesota area geriatriC eduCation Center The View from Here  

E-print Network

1 fall 2013 Minnesota Chair in Long-terM Care and aging · Center on aging · Minnesota area geriatriC 11 Geriatric Education Modules 12 School of Nursing Going National 13 U of M/Va to Educate More Minnesota Chair in Long-terM Care and aging · Center on aging · Minnesota area geriatriC eduCation Center

Blanchette, Robert A.

295

Individual differences in preferences for matched-ethnic mentors among high-achieving ethnically diverse adolescents in STEM.  

PubMed

This short-term longitudinal study examined (a) adolescents' contact with mentors who share their background in relation to the importance they place on having such mentors, and (b) the associations of these perceptions with self-efficacy, identity, and commitment to a science career. Participants were 265 ethnically diverse adolescents (M age = 15.82) attending a 4-week science education program. Cluster analyses indicated that at Time 1, underrepresented ethnic minorities were more often in the cluster defined by feelings of importance of having a matched-background mentor but not having much contact. Perceptions of contact increased over time for these students and were associated with increased feelings of identity as a science student. The results suggest the need for attending to individual differences in students' preferences for matched-background mentors. PMID:22506789

Syed, Moin; Goza, Barbara K; Chemers, Martin M; Zurbriggen, Eileen L

2012-01-01

296

Ethnic differences in general practitioner consultations  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To examine the levels of general practitioner consultations among the different ethnic groups resident in Britain. DESIGN--The study was based on the British general household surveys of 1983-5 and included 63,966 people aged 0-64. Odds ratios were derived for consultation by ethnic group by using logistic regression analysis adjusting for age and socioeconomic group. SETTING--The results relate to people living

R. Balarajan; P. Yuen; V. Soni Raleigh

1989-01-01

297

Working-delayed memory difference detects mild cognitive impairment without being affected by age and education.  

PubMed

Performance on neuropsychological tests is affected by age and education, which makes the early detection of cognitive impairment difficult when assessing individuals of varying levels of education. We examined the effects of age, education, and gender on three memory indexes of the Wechsler Memory Scale-III, Delayed Memory, Working Memory and the difference between Working-Delayed Memory in a sample of patients with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment, patients with mild probable Alzheimer's disease, and a nondemented elderly comparison group. Whereas Delayed and Working Memory scores were affected by participant type, age, and education, the Working-Delayed Memory difference score was affected by participant type, only. Our preliminary conclusions, pending replication of the findings with a larger sample, are that working-delayed memory difference was sensitive to early memory decline without being affected by age and education. PMID:16624782

Economou, Alexandra; Papageorgiou, Sokratis; Karageorgiou, Clementine

2006-05-01

298

Influence of neighbourhood ethnic density, diet and physical activity on ethnic differences in weight status: a study of 214,807 adults in Australia.  

PubMed

We investigated whether ethnic and country of birth differences in adult Body Mass Index (BMI) were associated with differences in diet, physical activity and ethnic density (the percentage of an ethnic group within the neighbourhood environment). A sample of 214,807 adults living in Australia was extracted from the 45 and Up Study. Analyses comprised multilevel modelling of BMI for 38 ethnic and country of birth groups. Physical activity was ascertained using the Active Australia Survey. Dietary measures included self-reported consumption of fruit, vegetables, meat and cheese. Ethnic density was objectively measured using 2006 Australian Census data. Possible confounders included age, gender, household income, educational qualifications, economic status, couple status, language, duration of residence, neighbourhood affluence and remoteness. Compared to Australian-born Australians (age-gender adjusted mean BMI = 27.1, 95%CI 27.1, 27.2), overseas-born groups often had lower mean BMI, especially the Chinese born in China (23.2, 23.0, 23.4). Exceptions included the Italians (BMI = 28.1), Greeks (28.5), Maltese (27.6), Lebanese (28.4) and Croatians (27.8) born in their ethnic-country of origin. Regardless of birthplace, BMI was lower for the English, Scottish, and Chinese, but higher for Italians and Greeks. Some ethnic differences reflected the 'healthy migrant' hypothesis, whereas others did not. These differences were only partially attenuated by controls for portions of fruit and vegetables, meat and cheese, frequency of participation in physical activity, and other explanatory variables. Ethnic density was associated with lower BMI for the English and Irish (p < 0.05), regardless of whether they were born in the UK, Ireland, or Australia. Ethnic differences in adult weight status in Australia do not appear to be fully explained by conventional risk factors. For some groups, but not all, living among others of the same ethnic group may proxy unmeasured health-promoting factors and these contexts, along with other factors that harm health (e.g. racial discrimination) warrant further investigation. PMID:23906123

Astell-Burt, Thomas; Feng, Xiaoqi; Croteau, Karen; Kolt, Gregory S

2013-09-01

299

Early Childhood Education for Handicapped Children (Ages 3 through 5). Special Education in North Dakota. Guide VII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed primarily for use by personnel involved in North Dakota public school programs for preschool-age handicapped children (ages 3-5). It is also intended to provide parents and personnel in health, human services, and other child service agencies with an understanding of the scope and purpose of educational services for young…

Niebergall, Shelby; Oas, Brenda

300

Language, Ethnicity and Education: Case Studies on Immigrant Minority Groups and Immigrant Minority Languages. Multilingual Matters 111.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immigrant minority groups and immigrant minority languages in Europe are viewed from three perspectives (demographic, sociolinguistic, and educational) through case studies. The first part, using a demographic approach, includes research on immigrant minority groups in population statistics of both European Union and English-dominant countries…

Broeder, Peter; Extra, Guus

301

U.S. Educational Achievement on International Assessments: The Role of Race and Ethnicity. RTI Research Report Series. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The debate about the performance of US students on international assessments of educational achievement routinely fails to account for one consistently stark result: US achievement is bifurcated between a group of high-performing Asian and white students and an exceptionally low-performing group of black and Hispanic students. By summarizing…

Dalton, Ben

2011-01-01

302

Daily intragroup contact in diverse settings: implications for asian adolescents' ethnic identity.  

PubMed

This study examined the daily-level association between contact with same-ethnic others and ethnic private regard among 132 Asian adolescents (mean age = 14 years) attending four high schools ranging in ethnic composition diversity. The data suggest a positive daily-level association between contact with same-ethnic others and ethnic private regard for adolescents, who were highly identified with their ethnic group and who attended predominantly White or ethnically heterogeneous schools. In addition, using time lag analyses, contact with same-ethnic others yesterday was positively related to ethnic private regard today, but ethnic private regard yesterday was unrelated to contact with same-ethnic others today, suggesting that adolescents' identity is responsive to their environments. The implications of these findings for the development of ethnic identity are discussed. PMID:23294295

Yip, Tiffany; Douglass, Sara; Shelton, J Nicole

2013-01-01

303

Daily Intragroup Contact in Diverse Settings: Implications for Asian Adolescents' Ethnic Identity  

PubMed Central

This study examined the daily-level association between contact with same-ethnic others and ethnic private regard among 132 Asian adolescents (mean age 14) attending 4 high schools ranging in ethnic composition diversity. The data suggest a positive daily-level association between contact with same-ethnic others and ethnic private regard for adolescents who were highly identified with their ethnic group and who attended predominantly White or ethnically heterogeneous schools. In addition, using time lag analyses, contact with same-ethnic others yesterday was positively related to ethnic private regard today, but ethnic private regard yesterday was unrelated to contact with same-ethnic others today, suggesting that adolescents' identity is responsive to their environments. The implications of these findings for the development of ethnic identity are discussed. PMID:23294295

Yip, Tiffany; Douglass, Sara E.; Shelton, J. Nicole

2013-01-01

304

The Office of Naval Research support underrepresented ethnic groups mentoring model redirecting science education: An "investigative" case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While the debate about education in general and science education in particular for every student continues world wide and in the United States of America, the debate points to an underrepresentation of and underachievement by African-Americans (Ferguson, 1981). Given the intent of access to scientific knowledge for every student, the value of scientific knowledge in our society and the fact that the United States of America is a community espousing equal opportunity, it is important to investigate whether or not the situation allows access to scientific knowledge that can be improved through a specific mentoring program for African Americans on historically white university campuses. Education is a cultural process (Gay & Cole, 1966). Each member of a society or a group must learn to act appropriately as a cultural member and contribute to its maintenance and, occasionally to its improvement. The primary aim of education in all societies, either formal or informal, is to provide every citizen with the skills to be self-sufficient and to contribute to the nation's welfare. This is a cultural study of African-American students in a mentoring program. Accordingly, it highlights an understanding of the relationship between schools and communities, educational and social systems, and educational and cultural settings that are meaningful in the present paradigm. The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the efforts of the Office of Naval Research (ONR) program which mentors African-Americans by redirecting and encouraging them to pursue careers in the scientific fields. The study investigates whether African-American students at Florida State University (FSU), a historically white university, and a participant in the Office of Naval Research (ONR) program, significantly benefits African-American students by providing a mentor with the same cultural background. The study also explores findings that were generated through research to explain the importance of mentoring African-Americans is disproportionately affected by the pedagogical content knowledge base for science practice on the university campus. The research is significant because it highlights an understanding of underrepresentation of African-Americans and the African-American students understanding of those who are charged with the responsibility of educating them on historically white university campuses.

Garner-Williams, Elizabeth

305

Bullying and Victimization among Adolescents: The Role of Ethnicity and Ethnic Composition of School Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the relationships between ethnicity, peer-reported bullying and victimization, and whether these relationships were moderated by the ethnic composition of the school classes. Participants were 2386 adolescents (mean age: 13 years and 10 months; 51.9% boys) from 117 school classes in the Netherlands. Multilevel analyses…

Vervoort, Miranda H. M.; Scholte, Ron H. J.; Overbeek, Geertjan

2010-01-01

306

Primary Prevention Approaches to the Development of Mental Health Services for Ethnic Minorities: A Challenge to Social Work Education and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains articles on mental health needs, experiences, and preventive social work programs in ethnic minority communities. An overview by Gwenelle Styles O'Neal reviews factors that influence the mental health of ethnic minorities and explores family and community support networks for alleviating stress. Susan Bellinger examines…

Miller, Samuel O., Ed.; And Others

307

Beyond Ethnic Entrepreneurship: Ethnicity and the Economy in Enterprise  

E-print Network

Beyond Ethnic Entrepreneurship: Ethnicity and the Economy inBeyond Ethnic Entrepreneurship: Ethnicity and the Economy inentrepreneurship, I argue that market exchange as the primary relationship in a market economy,

Valdez, Zulema

2003-01-01

308

College-Educated Women’s Personality Development in Adulthood: Perceptions and Age Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adulthood encompasses a large time span and includes a series of psychosocial challenges (E. H. Erikson, 1950). Five aspects of personality (identity certainty, confident power, concern with aging, generativity, and personal distress) were assessed in a cross-sectional study of college-educated women who at the time of data collection were young adults (age: M = 26 years), middle-aged adults (age: M

Alyssa N. Zucker; Joan M. Ostrove; Abigail J. Stewart

2002-01-01

309

The Possibility of Public Education in an Instrumentalist Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In our increasingly instrumentalist culture, debates over the privatization of schooling may be beside the point. Whether we hatch some new plan for chartering or funding schools, or retain the traditional model of government-run schools, the ongoing instrumentalization of education threatens the very possibility of public education. Indeed, in…

Higgins, Chris

2011-01-01

310

The Responsibility of Adult Educators in the Nuclear Age. TECHNIQUES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The task of adult educators is to provide students with information as well as opportunities to explore alternatives to the arms race. As a starting point to raising nuclear issues in the classroom and incorporating them into the curriculum, the adult educator can administer a survey or questionnaire to students about nuclear weapons and the…

Rosenblum, Sandra; Goldberg, Joan Carol

1984-01-01

311

Educating for Survival: A Curriculum for the Nuclear Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for nuclear education is examined, issues that should be dealt with in the classroom are discussed, and curriculum materials are described. The controversy that has arisen concerning the curriculum material "Choices: A Unit on Conflict and Nuclear War" is discussed. Implications for teacher education are examined. (RM)

Sobel, Harold W.

1985-01-01

312

Windows on the Future: Education in the Age of Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to help educators cope with changes created by technology and embrace a new mindset necessary to access the burgeoning technological advances, in order to keep schools and students relevant in the 21st century. The book looks through several "windows" on the future, and asks educators to consider their own paradigms and the…

McCain, Ted; Jukes, Ian

313

Parasuicide in Camberwell-ethnic differences.  

PubMed

Over a 6-month period, this study compared referral rates amongst different ethnic groups to an inner city deliberate self-harm (DSH) team, using native British (in the remainder of this paper referred to as whites) as standard and age-standardized referral ratios as the measure of effect. Indian female rates were 2.6 times those of whites. Amongst United Kingdom born Indian females, (crude) rates were 7.8 times those of United Kingdom born white females. Unemployment was associated with a 9 times increased referral rate amongst whites and a 3 times increased referral rate amongst ethnic minorities, suggesting that ethnicity modifies the association between unemployment and DSH rates. This study suggested that ethnic minority and white DSH differ in important respects; DSH teams serving multicultural communities may need to develop special expertise to meet the needs of minority ethnic groups. PMID:8909118

Neeleman, J; Jones, P; Van Os, J; Murray, R M

1996-09-01

314

Efficacy, national/international practices and motivational factors of lifelong driver education for the aging population  

E-print Network

In a society facing a significant increase in its aging population, older driver education/training is emerging as a potential solution to help seniors drive more safely, thus maintaining their mobility and quality of life. ...

Israels, Richard (Richard Steven)

2006-01-01

315

Race and Ethnic Inequality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity explores topics of race/ethnicity, gender and income to look at patterns of inequality among education, occupation and earning between different groups. This activity uses four customized data sets; two made from combining census information from 1950-2000 and two from the 2000 Censuss and guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Kofi Benefo

316

A Narrative Study of the Experiences that Impact Educational Choices of Middle-Aged Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to answer the research questions of how middle-aged women perceive higher education and why they do or do not pursue a higher level of education. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2009 American Community Survey microdata, more than half of the women between the ages of 30-50 years in one Midwestern US…

Perez, Shireese Redmond

2011-01-01

317

Normative Data Stratified by Age and Education for Two Measures of Verbal Fluency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Normative data stratified by three levels of age (16–59, 60–79, and 80–95 years) and three levels of education (0–8, 9–12, and 13–21 years) are presented for phonemic verbal fluency (FAS) and categorical verbal fluency (Animal Naming). The normative sample, aged 16 to 95 years, consisted of 1,300 cognitively intact individuals who resided in the community. Years of education ranged from

Tom N Tombaugh; Jean Kozak; Laura Rees

1999-01-01

318

Education inequality in mortality: The age and gender specific mediating effects of cigarette smoking*  

PubMed Central

A debate within the mortality literature centers around the impact of health behaviors on the prospects of disadvantaged groups. Meanwhile, a growing body of work illustrates the social processes that shape changes in smoking levels by socioeconomic status (SES), especially educational attainment. These literatures are merged by examining the mediating effects of cigarette smoking on education gaps in U.S. adult mortality by age and gender. Findings reveal that cigarette smoking is an important mediator of the education-mortality gap for all males and for younger females. In particular, education-mortality gaps for young men narrow considerably when cigarette smoking is accounted for, while older women experienced no reduction in the education-mortality gap with controls for smoking. These results are consistent with diffusion arguments that describe SES differences in smoking adoption by age and gender and provide strong evidence that smoking is an important differentiator of mortality risks by education. PMID:20563305

Denney, Justin T.; Rogers, Richard G.; Hummer, Robert A.; Pampel, Fred C.

2010-01-01

319

A Comparative Survey of the Impact of Ethnicity and Religious Affiliation on the Alienation of Staff from their Work Environment in Nigerian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the comparative influence of ethnicity and religious affiliation on the alienation of Nigerian university staff from their work environment. The influence of certain moderator variables such as the location of the university, gender, age, educational qualification, staff category, official rank and staff communicative…

Nnekwu, Duvie Adanma

2007-01-01

320

The Impact of Ethnicity and Religious Affiliation on the Alienation of Staff from Their Work Environment in Nigerian Universities: A Comparative Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the comparative influence of ethnicity and religious affiliation on the alienation of Nigerian university staff from their work environment. The influence of certain moderator variables such as the location of the university, gender, age, educational qualification, staff category, official rank and staff communicative…

Nnekwu, Duvie Adanma

2010-01-01

321

Temporal summation of pain as a prospective predictor of clinical pain severity in adults aged 45 years and above with knee osteoarthritis: ethnic differences  

PubMed Central

Objective Enhanced pain facilitation is reportedly an important contributor to the clinical pain experiences of individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Ethnic differences in the prevalence and severity of knee OA in addition to associated pain are also well documented. Temporal summation (TS) of pain is a widely applicable quantitative sensory testing method that invokes neural mechanisms related to pain facilitatory processes. This study tested whether TS of pain, an index of pain facilitation, differentially predicts the clinical pain experiences of African Americans and non-Hispanic Whites with symptomatic knee OA. Methods A total of 225 study participants underwent assessment of TS of mechanical and heat pain stimuli applied to their most symptomatic knee and their ipsilateral hand (mechanical) or forearm (heat). Using telephone-based surveys, participants subsequently reported their average and worst clinical pain severity across four consecutive weeks following assessment of TS. Results In predicting future clinical pain, ethnicity interacted with TS of mechanical pain (but not heat pain), such that TS of mechanical pain at the knee significantly predicted greater clinical ratings of average (b = .02, p = .016) and worst (b = .02, p = .044) clinical pain for non-Hispanic Whites but not African Americans (p’s > .30). Conclusions These results reveal the importance of considering ethnicity when examining pain facilitation and the clinical pain of individuals with symptomatic knee OA. The results of this study are discussed in terms of ethnic differences in the predictors of clinical pain experiences among African Americans and non-Hispanic Whites with knee OA. PMID:24804882

Goodin, Burel R.; Bulls, Hailey W.; Herbert, Matthew S.; Schmidt, Jessica; King, Christopher D.; Glover, Toni L.; Sotolongo, Adriana; Sibille, Kimberly T.; Cruz-Almeida, Yenisel; Staud, Roland; Fessler, Barri J.; Redden, David T.; Bradley, Laurence A.; Fillingim, Roger B.

2014-01-01

322

Assessing Self-Regulation in the Classroom: Validation of the BIS11 and the BRIEF in Low-Income, Ethnic Minority School-Age Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: At present, few resources are available to researchers, teachers, and practitioners who wish to quickly and reliably assess children's self-regulation within the classroom context, and particularly within settings serving low-income and ethnic minority children. This paper explores the psychometric properties of a teacher-report composite of 2 clinical measures of self-regulation—the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (version 11; BIS-11) and the

Dana L. Charles McCoy; C. Cybele Raver; Amy E. Lowenstein; Nicole Tirado-Strayer

2011-01-01

323

Music education technology for older elementary school aged children: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Music education is essential to forming a well-rounded student. With this important concept in mind, our goal for this project was to produce an interactive tool for students and give them an opportunity to \\

Steve Altieri; Meghan Bruce; Chris Lindo; Tim Miller

2005-01-01

324

Nuclear Age Education: A Report to the Legislature, as Required by Assembly Bill 3848 (1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As required by Assembly Bill 3848, the California State Department of Education has produced this report to help the Legislature determine whether it should promote a program to make nuclear age education more widely available in the public schools and, if so, what type of program would achieve the most desirable results. In preparing the report,…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

325

Effective Game Based Citizenship Education in the Age of New Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational systems worldwide are being challenged to respond effectively to the digital revolution and its implications for learning in the 21st century. In the present new media age, educational reforms are desperately needed to support more open and flexible structures of on-demand learning that equip students with competencies required in a…

Chee, Yam San; Mehrotra, Swati; Liu, Qiang

2013-01-01

326

The Employment and Postsecondary Educational Status of Transition-Age Youths with Visual Impairments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A limited amount of information is available about the employment and postsecondary educational status of transition-age youths with visual impairments. Reports on the employment and postsecondary education tend to focus on overall results and usually do not provide detailed analyses by disability groups. In this article, the author presents the…

McDonnall, Michele Capella

2010-01-01

327

The Significance of Dewey's Aesthetics in Art Education in the Age of Globalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the occasion of Dewey's sesquicentennial anniversary, Kazuyo Nakamura explores Dewey's aesthetics, which holds the plurality of art and culture in high regard. Nakamura develops a theoretical foundation for art education in the present age of globalization based on educational insights drawn from Dewey's aesthetics. The theme of this essay…

Nakamura, Kazuyo

2009-01-01

328

The Influence of Education and Age on Neurocognitive Test Performance in Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research involves an examination of the relationship between education and age on a wide array of neuropsychological test measures among patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's and vascular dementia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of education as an attenuating factor to neurocognitive decline in dementia. Although numerous…

DenBesten, Nicholas P.

2009-01-01

329

Innovations in Student-Centered Interdisciplinary Teaching for General Education in Aging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) General Education "Clusters" are innovations in student-centered undergraduate education focused on complex phenomena that require an interdisciplinary perspective. UCLA gerontology and geriatric faculty recognized the opportunity to introduce freshmen to the field of aging through this new…

Damron-Rodriguez, JoAnn; Effros, Rita

2008-01-01

330

Brain aging in a sample of normal Egyptians cognition, education, addiction and smoking.  

PubMed

The impact of duration of education, cannabis addiction and smoking on cognition and brain aging is studied in 211 normal Egyptian volunteers with mean age 46.4+/-3.6 years (range: 20-76 years). Subjects were classified into two groups: Gr I (non-addicts) with 174 subjects, mean age 49.9+/-3.8 years (range 20-76 years), smokers and non-smokers, educated and non-educated and Gr II (cannabis addicts) with 37 subjects, mean age 43.6+/-2.6 years (range 20-72 years) all smokers, educated and non-educated. Outcome measures included the Paced Auditory Serial Addition test (PASAT) for testing attention and the Trailmaking test A, and B (TMa and TMb) for testing psychomotor performance. Age correlated positively with score of Trailmaking test (TMb) in the non-addict group and in the addict group (TMa and TMb). Years of education correlated negatively with scores of Trialmaking test (TMb) in the non-addict group (Gr I) but not the addict group (Gr II). However, in both groups mean scores of the Trailmaking test (TMa) were significantly lower in subjects with a primary level of education than those with higher levels of education. No significant difference was detected between male smokers and nonsmokers of Gr I (non-addicts) regarding any of the neuropsychological tests. Yet, smokers and the non-educated group had poorer attention compared to non-smokers of the same group. Cannabis addicts (Gr II) had significantly poorer attention than non-addict normal volunteers (Gr I). It is concluded that impairment of psychomotor performance is age related whether in normal non-addicts or in cannabis addicts. A decline in attention was detected in cannabis addicts and has been considered a feature of pathological aging. Education in early life as well as the duration of education are neuroprotectors for brain aging more so in the non-addict than addict group. Though cigarette smoking per se has no effect on cognitive abilities in normal aging, it becomes evident that its association with lack of education impairs attention. PMID:9125393

Elwan, O; Hassan, A A; Abdel Naseer, M; Elwan, F; Deif, R; El Serafy, O; El Banhawy, E; El Fatatry, M

1997-05-01

331

Sleep Symptoms, Race/Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Position  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: Growing evidence indicates sleep is a major public health issue. Race/ethnicity and socioeconomics may contribute to sleep problems. This study assessed whether sleep symptoms were more prevalent among minorities and/or the socioeconomically disadvantaged. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Epidemiologic survey. Patients or Participants: 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 4,081). Interventions: None. Measurements and Results: Sociodemographics included age, sex, race/ethnicity, marital status, and immigration. Socioeconomics included poverty, education, private insurance, and food insecurity. Sleep symptoms assessed were sleep latency > 30 min, difficulty falling asleep, sleep maintenance difficulties, early morning awakenings, non-restorative sleep, daytime sleepiness, snorting/gasping, and snoring. Decreased reported problems for most symptoms were found among minorities, immigrants, and lower education levels. In general, in fully adjusted models, long sleep latency was associated with female gender, being black/African American, lower education attainment, no private insurance, and food insecurity. Difficulty falling asleep, sleep maintenance difficulties, early morning awakenings, and non-restorative sleep were also associated with female gender and food insecurity. Daytime sleepiness was seen in female and divorced respondents. Snorting/gasping was more prevalent among male, other-Hispanic/Latino, and 9th- to 11th-grade-level respondents. Snoring was prevalent among male, other-Hispanic/Latino, less-educated, and food-insecure respondents. Conclusions: Sleep symptoms were associated with multiple sociodemographic and economic factors, though these relationships differed by predictor and sleep outcome. Also, reports depended on question wording. Citation: Grandner MA; Petrov MER; Rattanaumpawan P; Jackson N; Platt A; Patel NP. Sleep symptoms, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic position. J Clin Sleep Med 2013;9(9):897-905. PMID:23997702

Grandner, Michael A.; Petrov, Megan E. Ruiter; Rattanaumpawan, Pinyo; Jackson, Nicholas; Platt, Alec; Patel, Nirav P.

2013-01-01

332

Education Does Not Protect against Age-Related Decline of Switching Focal Attention in Working Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this experimental study, effects of age and education on switching focal attention in working memory were investigated among 44 young (20-30 years) and 40 middle-aged individuals (50-60 years). To this end, a numeric n-back task comprising two lag conditions (1- and 2-back) was administered within groups. The results revealed a comparable…

Van Gerven, Pascal W.M.; Meijer, Willemien A.; Jolles, Jelle

2007-01-01

333

Adult Learning, Generativity and "Successful" Aging in Multicultural Perspective: A Hmong American Educational Biography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines the themes of adult learning, generativity, and successful aging against the backdrop of the biography of a Hmong refugee who immigrated to the United States in 1988 at the age of 35, began studying English as a second language (ESL), and continues to study ESL in adult education classes while six of his seven children…

Hones, Donald F.

334

Down syndrome, paternal age and education: comparison of California and the Czech Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The association between maternal age and risk of Down syndrome has been repeatedly shown in various populations. However, the effect of paternal age and education of parents has not been frequently studied. Comparative studies on Down syndrome are also rare. This study evaluates the epidemiological characteristics of Down syndrome in two culturally and socially contrasting population settings, in California

Dagmara Dzurova; Hynek Pikhart

2005-01-01

335

Preadolescents' understanding of ethnic discrimination.  

PubMed

Social representation theory was used as a heuristic framework for investigating preadolescents' (193 Dutch and ethnic minority respondents between 10 and 13 years of age) understanding of discrimination in the Netherlands. Shared beliefs and understandings were found regarding when a specific act was considered discriminatory, who the actors were, and why the discrimination occurred. The prototypical example of discrimination was a situation in which a Dutch child called a minority child names without an acceptable reason. Discrimination was seen to a lesser degree as unequal division of valued things and as social exclusion. Consistent with social representation theory and contrary to common belief, there were very few differences in understanding of discrimination between ethnic majority and minority respondents. No differences were found for age and gender. PMID:9120410

Verkuyten, M; Kinket, B; van der Wielen, C

1997-03-01

336

Formal Education Level Versus Self-Rated Literacy as Predictors of Cognitive Aging  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To compare the prediction of cognitive functioning by formal education and self-rated literacy and the differences in prediction across younger and older cohorts. Method. Data on 28,535 respondents were drawn from a cross-sectional representative sample of community-dwelling older individuals (?50), participating in the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe. Education level was classified according to the International Standard Classification of Education 1997 (ISCED-1997) self-rated literacy was determined by having respondents rate their reading and writing on 1–5 scales. Cognitive functioning was measured by verbal recall, word fluency, and arithmetic ability. Results. Structural equation modeling demonstrated that self-rated literacy was more strongly associated with cognitive functioning than was education level, with or without additional exogenous variables (age, sex, household income, medical conditions, activities of daily living, reading eyesight, and country). The association between education level and cognitive functioning was weaker in older than in younger age groups, whereas the association between self-rated literacy and cognitive functioning showed the opposite trend. Discussion. Self-rated literacy was found to be a better predictor of late-life cognitive functioning than was the level of formal education. The results have implications for studies of age-related differences in which education level is taken into account. PMID:22421808

Shrira, Amit; Palgi, Yuval; Spalter, Tal; Ben-Ezra, Menachem; Shmotkin, Dov

2012-01-01

337

Susceptibility and Resilience to Memory Aging Stereotypes: Education Matters More than Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined whether the memory performance of young, middle-aged, and older adults would be influenced by stereotype versus counterstereotype information about age differences on a memory task. One hundred forty-nine adults from a probability sample were randomly assigned to a control group or to age-stereotype conditions. As predicted, counterstereotype information was related to higher recall compared to stereotype and

Carrie Andreoletti; Margie E. Lachman

2004-01-01

338

Environmental Education...In Any Subject for Any Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes 14 slide presentations which demonstrate that environmental education can be approached through any subject at any grade level. The presentations (emphasizing nonbiological topics) focus on such areas as agriculture, corporate advertising, city planning, architecture, arithmetic and natural resources, water, recreation, automobiles,…

Baldauf, Richard J.

1984-01-01

339

User Education in the Online Age. IATUL Proceedings, Vol. 14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers presented at an August 1982 international seminar on online user education include "The Impact of New Technology on Libraries and Their Users," Brian C. Vickery (United Kingdom); "The Role of NORDINFO in Promoting Online Activity: NORDINFO-Origins and Control," Theodora Oker-Blom (Finland); "Librarians and the New Technology: The Process of…

Fjallbrant, Nancy, Ed.

1982-01-01

340

Andragogy in the information age educating the IT adult learner  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning takes place as an act, process or experiences of gaining knowledge or skills about a topic. Androgagy has become the study of how adults learn in our modern society. This knowledge can only help the information technology educator understand their students and help assist in preparing both faculty and students for a better classroom experience. Knowles has taken some

Rebecca H. Rutherfoord

2004-01-01

341

Medication Compliance and the Aged: An Educational Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses physiological changes and multiple prescription regimens, which, coupled with an increased incidence of chronic disease, increase the likelihood of adverse drug reactions in the elderly. Outlines some of the research related to noncompliance of prescription medication and identifies some educational interventions guidelines for health…

Skolnick, Bruce D.; And Others

1984-01-01

342

Creativity and Education Futures: Learning in a Digital Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the future of education when the possibilities that exist for children change and advance so rapidly and are so uncertain? Where learning occurs as naturally in a Web 2.0 environment as in the playground, playing field, front room or street? Where adults may still be playing and experimenting far beyond their childhood in ways we could…

Craft, Anna

2010-01-01

343

Social Foundations of Education for the Information Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, Leonard J. Waks re-imagines the social foundations of education (SFE) as a project within the information society. He begins with what he believes to be a reasonably non-controversial definition: SFE is a field of scholarship and teaching aiming to provide a comprehensive understanding, through description, interpretation, and…

Waks, Leonard J.

2013-01-01

344

Delivering Technical Education in Wisconsin in the Information Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational services are now, and will be in the future, delivered via many alternative technologies. In Wisconsin, a variety of video-based alternative delivery systems are being used, such as broadcast television, instructional television fixed service, cable television, interactive computer video, and satellite earth stations. The primary need…

Brumm, Loren

345

University Unbound! Higher Education in the Age of "Free"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Innovators and entrepreneurs are using technologies to make freely available the things for which universities charge significant money. MOOCs (massive open online courses), free online courses, lecture podcasts, low-cost off-the-shelf general education courses, online tutorials, digital collections of open learning resources, open badges--all are…

Harney, John O.

2012-01-01

346

Political Education: National Policy Comes of Age. The Updated Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political insider Christopher Cross has updated his critically acclaimed book to reflect recent education policy developments, including the impact of the Obama administration and "Race to the Top" as well as the controversy over NCLB's reauthorization. Featuring a new introduction and the addition of postscripts for key chapters, this important…

Cross, Christopher T.

2010-01-01

347

Differences in diffusion of FDA antidepressant risk warnings across racial-ethnic groups.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE Numerous articles have identified that medical technologies diffuse more rapidly among non-Latino whites compared with other racial-ethnic groups. However, whether health risk warnings also diffuse differentially across racial-ethnic minority groups is uncertain. This study assessed racial-ethnic variation in children's antidepressant use before and after the 2004 black-box warning concerning risks of antidepressants for youths. METHODS Data consisted of responses for white, black, and Latino youths ages five through 17 from the 2002-2008 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (N=44,422). The dependent variable was any antidepressant use in the prior year. Independent variables were race-ethnicity, year, psychological impairment, income, insurance status, region, and parents' education level. Logistic regression models were used to assess antidepressant use conditional on race-ethnicity, time, interaction between race-ethnicity and time, need, socioeconomic status, and Institute of Medicine-concordant estimates of disparities in predicted antidepressant use before and after the warning. RESULTS The warnings affected antidepressant use differentially for whites, blacks, and Latinos. Usage rates among whites decreased from 3.3 to 2.1 percentage points between prewarning and postwarning, whereas usage rates remained steady among Latinos and increased among blacks. Findings were significant in multiple regression analyses, in which predictions were adjusted for need. CONCLUSIONS The findings indicate that health safety information on antidepressant usage among children diffused faster among whites than nonwhites, suggesting the need to improve infrastructure for delivering important health messages to racial-ethnic minority populations. PMID:23412363

DePetris, Andrea Elizabeth; Cook, Benjamin L

2013-05-01

348

Ethnic Differences in Physiological Responses to Fear Conditioned Stimuli  

PubMed Central

The idea that emotional expression varies with ethnicity is based largely on questionnaires and behavioral observations rather than physiological measures. We therefore compared the skin conductance responses (SCR) of Hispanic (Puerto Rican) and White non-Hispanic subjects in a fear conditioning and fear extinction task. Subjects were recruited from two sites: San Juan, Puerto Rico (PR), and Boston, Massachusetts (MA), using identical methods. A total of 78 healthy subjects (39 from PR, 39 from MA) were divided by sex and matched for age and educational level. Females from the two sites did not differ in their SCRs during any experimental phase of fear conditioning (habituation, conditioning, or extinction). In contrast, PR males responded significantly to the conditioned stimulus than MA males or PR females. Subtracting ethnic differences observed during the habituation phase (prior to conditioning) eliminated differences from subsequent phases, suggesting that PR males are elevated in their response to novelty rather than fear learning. Our findings suggest that, in addition to sex differences, there are ethnic differences in physiological responses to novel stimuli at least in males, which could be relevant for the assessment and treatment of anxiety disorders. PMID:25501365

Martínez, Karen G.; Franco-Chaves, José A.; Milad, Mohammed R.; Quirk, Gregory J.

2014-01-01

349

Chicana/o Students Respond to Arizona's Anti-Ethnic Studies Bill, SB 1108: Civic Engagement, Ethnic Identity, and Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona Senate Bill 1108, the "anti-ethnic studies bill," proposed to eliminate ethnic studies programs and ethnic-based organizations from state-funded education. Along with other anti-immigrant legislation, this bill is creating an oppressive climate of discrimination against individuals of Mexican descent in Arizona. This study investigates the…

O'Leary, Anna Ochoa; Romero, Andrea J.

2011-01-01

350

Educational Science Kits All ages need the opportunity to explore science in a hands-on environment. Educational  

E-print Network

Educational Science Kits All ages need the opportunity to explore science in a hands-on environment of activities to learn about the process of science. The kits contain all the materials needed to complete, fulcrum, and mechanical advantage. Grades: 5-6 Floating and Sinking Kit Students develop their own answers

Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

351

e-Leadership in Higher Education: The Fifth "Age" of Educational Technology Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the relative lack of research into e-leadership in educational technology in education is followed by an outline of selected prior literature in the field. The paper proposes that, as part of a natural evolution of educational technology research, considerably more attention needs to be focused on research and development in…

Jameson, Jill

2013-01-01

352

Aspects of Media Education: Strategic Imperatives in the Information Age. Media Education Publication 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume examines current trends in media education, modern information and communication technologies (MICT), open and distance learning (ODL), and science and technology education. Papers include: "Towards a Communal Curriculum: Strategic Planning and the Emerging Knowledge of Media Education" (Seppo Tella, Marja Mononen-Aaltonen, & Heikki…

Tella, Seppo, Ed.

353

Strong Genetic Influence on a UK Nationwide Test of Educational Achievement at the End of Compulsory Education at Age 16  

PubMed Central

We have previously shown that individual differences in educational achievement are highly heritable in the early and middle school years in the UK. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether similarly high heritability is found at the end of compulsory education (age 16) for the UK-wide examination, called the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). In a national twin sample of 11,117 16-year-olds, heritability was substantial for overall GCSE performance for compulsory core subjects (58%) as well as for each of them individually: English (52%), mathematics (55%) and science (58%). In contrast, the overall effects of shared environment, which includes all family and school influences shared by members of twin pairs growing up in the same family and attending the same school, accounts for about 36% of the variance of mean GCSE scores. The significance of these findings is that individual differences in educational achievement at the end of compulsory education are not primarily an index of the quality of teachers or schools: much more of the variance of GCSE scores can be attributed to genetics than to school or family environment. We suggest a model of education that recognizes the important role of genetics. Rather than a passive model of schooling as instruction (instruere, ‘to build in’), we propose an active model of education (educare, ‘to bring out’) in which children create their own educational experiences in part on the basis of their genetic propensities, which supports the trend towards personalized learning. PMID:24349000

Shakeshaft, Nicholas G.; Trzaskowski, Maciej; McMillan, Andrew; Rimfeld, Kaili; Krapohl, Eva; Haworth, Claire M. A.; Dale, Philip S.; Plomin, Robert

2013-01-01

354

Ethnicity and infant mortality in Malaysia.  

PubMed

Malaysian infant mortality differentials are a worthwhile subject for study, because socioeconomic development has very clearly had a differential impact by ethnic group. The Chinese rates of infant mortality are significantly lower than the Malay or Indian rates. Instead of examining the obvious access to care issues, this study considered factors related to the culture of infant care. Practices include the Chinese confinement of the mother in the first month after childbirth ("pe'i yue") and Pillsbury's 12 normative rules for Malaysian Chinese care. Malay practices vary widely by region and history. Indian mothers are restricted by diet. Data-recording flaws do not permit analysis of Sarawak or Sabah. The general assumption that Western medicine favors better health for mothers and infants is substantiated among peninsular communities, however, there are also negative impacts which affect infant mortality. The complex interaction of factors impacting on infant mortality reported in seven previous studies is discussed. A review of these studies reveals that immediate causes are infections, injuries, and dehydration. Indirect causes are birth weight or social and behavioral factors such as household income or maternal education. Indirect factors, which are amenable to planned change and influence the biological proximate determinants of infant mortality, are identified as birth weight, maternal age at birth, short pregnancy intervals or prior reproductive loss, sex of the child, birth order, duration of breast feeding and conditions of supplementation, types of household water and sanitation, year of child's birth, maternal education, household income and composition, institution of birth, ethnicity, and rural residence. Nine factors are identified empirically as not significant: maternal hours of work in the child's first year, maternal occupation, distance from home to workplace, presence of other children or servants, incidence of epidemics in the child's first year of life, community types of sanitation, prices and availability of infant foods, and access to various types of medical care. Future empirical study should consider factors such as class differences, place of residence, or extent of illiteracy as underlying or related to ethnicity. Policy-makers should be aware that future decline in infant mortality rates may depend on the blending of traditional with modern practices. PMID:12287522

Dixon, G

1993-06-01

355

Ethnicity, Endogeneity, and Housing Tenure Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Home ownership rates for New Zealanders of European descent aged twenty five to fifty four are 16 percentage points higher than for Maori in the same age group. This article explores the relative attainment of home ownership of the two ethnic groups by estimating a series of tenure choice models and decomposing the difference in rates into “endowment” and “residual”

Steven C. Bourassa

2000-01-01

356

The Jesuit Imaginary: Higher Education in a Secular Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The philosopher Charles Taylor argues in "A Secular Age" (2007) that people who live in secular cultures are losing the capacity to experience genuine "fullness." Described by Taylor as a philosophical-anthropological conception of human flourishing that corresponds with existential senses of meaning and purpose, fullness is…

Hendrickson, Daniel Scott

2012-01-01

357

Ethnic identity of older Chinese in Canada.  

PubMed

In Canada's multicultural society, ethnic identity is important to the elderly and can influence areas such as access to services, health promotion and care. Often, the complex nature of ethnic identity is underestimated when looking at cultural groups. This study aims to: (a) validate the factor structure of a Chinese ethnic identity measure for older Chinese in Canada, (b) examine the level of ethnic identity of the participants, and (c) examine the correlates of ethnic identity in these older individuals. Using data from a large, national research project on the elderly Chinese in Canada, this study analyzed the results gathered from a total of 2,272 participants. Principal component analysis, maximum-likelihood confirmatory factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis were performed. The results indicated that ethnic identity of the older Chinese is a multi-dimensional construct made up of three factors: (a) culture related activities, (b) community ties, (c) linkage with country of origin, and (d) cultural identification. The findings have provided a better understanding of how ethnic identity can be measured among the aging Chinese population in Canada. PMID:22198551

Lai, Daniel W L

2012-06-01

358

Social Factors and Leukocyte DNA Methylation of Repetitive Sequences: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis  

PubMed Central

Epigenetic changes are a potential mechanism contributing to race/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in health. However, there is scant evidence of the race/ethnic and socioeconomic patterning of epigenetic marks. We used data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Stress Study (N?=?988) to describe age- and gender- independent associations of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) with methylation of Alu and LINE-1 repetitive elements in leukocyte DNA. Mean Alu and Line 1 methylation in the full sample were 24% and 81% respectively. In multivariable linear regression models, African-Americans had 0.27% (p<0.01) and Hispanics 0.20% (p<0.05) lower Alu methylation than whites. In contrast, African-Americans had 0.41% (p<0.01) and Hispanics 0.39% (p<0.01) higher LINE-1 methylation than whites. These associations remained after adjustment for SES. In addition, a one standard deviation higher wealth was associated with 0.09% (p<0.01) higher Alu and 0.15% (p<0.01) lower LINE-1 methylation in age- and gender- adjusted models. Additional adjustment for race/ethnicity did not alter this pattern. No associations were observed with income, education or childhood SES. Our findings, from a large community-based sample, suggest that DNA methylation is socially patterned. Future research, including studies of gene-specific methylation, is needed to understand better the opposing associations of Alu and LINE-1 methylation with race/ethnicity and wealth as well as the extent to which small methylation changes in these sequences may influence disparities in health. PMID:23320117

Subramanyam, Malavika A.; Diez-Roux, Ana V.; Pilsner, J. Richard; Villamor, Eduardo; Donohue, Kathleen M.; Liu, Yongmei; Jenny, Nancy S.

2013-01-01

359

[Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE): Determination of cutoff scores according to age and educational level].  

PubMed

For the last 38 years, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) has been widely used as a dementia screening measure in everyday clinical practice as well as in both cohort and cross-sectional studies. Its validity and reliability for the Greek population has explicitly been documented. However, the effect of age and education on the subject's performance makes it necessary to reckon them in the estimation of the "cutoff score". The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of dementia in Greek population and determine the "cutoff score" by age and education-corrected norms. Cross sectional study of 630 patients older than 55 years, who live independently in Ilion and Helioupolis Municipalities was conducted, 27.3% of the subjects tested in the study were diagnosed with memory disorder according to their MMSE scores and the validation for the Greek population. The effect of age and education to the subjects' performance was statistically significant (p=.000). The use of standard "cutoff score" was not proved to be useful for the personalized interpretation of the results, as documented by the fact that older individuals with lower education had a poorer performance relatively to younger, highly educated subjects. Comparatively to the group age of 55-60 years, the odds ratio after the age of 75 years varies from 2.58 to 4.91. Regarding the variable factor of education, the odds ratio for the first degree education graduates decreases from 1.43 to 3.19 for the third degree education graduates in comparison with the group of illiterates. In conclusion, the use of the "cutoff score" algorithm and the simultaneous estimation of age and education effect on MMSE score may prove useful for the proper evaluation of MMSE performance. According to the age and education of examine candidates in the community and the primary care, we propose the use of the 25th percentile as a more useful cutoff score in order to decrease the false positive results. PMID:25630544

Solias, A; Skapinakis, P; Degleris, N; Pantoleon, M; Katirtzoglou, E; Politis, A

2014-01-01

360

Racial and ethnic differences in knowledge and willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials in an urban population in the Southeastern US.  

PubMed

Racial/ethnic minorities in the Southeastern USA are disproportionately affected by HIV, and would benefit from a preventive vaccine. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 220 community college students in Atlanta to evaluate racial/ethnic differences in knowledge and willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials. Willingness to participate did not differ by race/ethnicity, age, or gender, and was not associated with knowledge. African-Americans and Asians were more likely than Whites to: believe that an HIV vaccine exists, but is being withheld from the public; believe that AIDS was caused by a government conspiracy; feel that having other participants and investigators of their ethnic background in the trial was important. Misconceptions regarding HIV vaccines are common and differ by race/ethnicity. However, willingness to participate was not associated with knowledge or race/ethnicity. Efforts to increase participation should address the ethnic diversity of the trial personnel, and education to eliminate misconceptions about HIV vaccines and trials. PMID:16464270

Priddy, F H; Cheng, A C; Salazar, L F; Frew, P M

2006-02-01

361

Enhancing Astronomy Education Through Cross-Age Student Tutoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vast distances, such as those that pervade astronomy, are difficult concepts to grasp. We are all a part of the Earth-Moon system, however most people do not comprehend the sizes and distances involved. In a pilot study, the authors found that an intervention using both discussion and kinesthetic modeling resulted in students of all ages (children up through adults) acquiring a more accurate mental representation of the Earth-Moon system. We have extended this research and are currently conducting a new study in which undergraduate students serve as "tutors" in a public observatory setting. One of our conjectures is that tutors' mental representations of the Earth-Moon system will be enhanced through their active participation in the cross-age peer tutoring activity. This work is supported in part by grants from the Center for the Integration of Research, Teaching, and Learning (CIRTL), the Vanderbilt University Learning Sciences Institute, and NSF Career grant AST-0349075.

Grundstrom, Erika; Taylor, R. S.

2009-01-01

362

Social Factors Associated with History of Sexual Assault Among Ethnically Diverse Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the association of adolescents’ self-reported sexual assault victimization with their living arrangements, parent’s\\u000a education, and plans for college. Participants included 1,634 ethnically-diverse and economically-disadvantaged high school\\u000a students in southeast Texas. Lifetime history of forced sexual assault was reported by 8.3% of girls and 9% of boys. No association\\u000a with gender, age, or parent’s education was detected. However, adolescents

Daniel H. Freeman Jr; Jeff R. Temple

2010-01-01

363

Impact of age at onset for children with renal failure on education and employment transitions.  

PubMed

Previous medical research has shown that children with end-stage renal failure experience delay or underachievement of key markers of transition to adulthood. This article analyses 35 qualitative interviews with end-stage renal failure patients, aged 20-30 years, first diagnosed at 0-19 years of age, to explore how far delayed or underachievement in education and employment is related to their age at onset of end-stage renal failure. This study shows how unpredictable failures of renal replacement therapies, comorbidities and/or side effects of treatment in the early life course often coincided with critical moments for education and employment. Entering school, college, work-related training or employment, and disclosing health status or educational underachievement to an employer, were particularly critical, and those who were ill before puberty became progressively more disadvantaged in terms of successful transition into full-time employment, compared with those first diagnosed after puberty. PMID:24986907

Lewis, Helen; Arber, Sara

2015-01-01

364

Integrated Geospatial Education and Technology Training for High School Age Youth (HiGETT)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Landsat series of satellites provides high quality, consistent, 30 m resolution data for studies of landscape-scale change over time at no cost to the user. The availability of the Landsat data archive and the effectiveness and ease of its use to solve practical societal problems, particularly integrated with Geographic Information Systems (GIS), has been a key factor in a movement to bring remote sensing education to community colleges (as in the "iGETT" program funded by the National Science Foundation, 2007-2011) and now to younger students of high school age. "Integrated Geospatial Education and Technology Training for High School Age Youth (HiGETT)" was a two-day meeting convened April 4-5, 2011 to explore and articulate effective means of reaching teens with geospatial technology education and career awareness. Participants represented industry, government, academia, and informal education organizations such as 4-H and Girl Scouts. This poster will summarize a report on that meeting.

Allen, J. E.

2012-12-01

365

Ethnic Parties and Democratic Stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnic divisions, according to empirical democratic theory, and commonsense understandings of politics, threaten the survival of democratic institutions. One of the principal mechanisms linking the politicization of ethnic divisions with the destabilization of democracy is the so-called outbidding effect. According to theories of ethnic outbidding, the politicization of ethnic divisions inevitably gives rise to one or more ethnic parties. The

Kanchan Chandra

2005-01-01

366

Empirical Research on Ethnic Minority Students: 1995-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethnic minority disproportionality has been a topic of extensive discussion and research for many years. In 1997, Artiles, Trent, and Kuan conducted a seminal review of the special education research literature to identify how often researchers report and disaggregate data in ways that would support conclusions about specific ethnic minority…

Vasquez, Eleazar, III; Lopez, Angel; Straub, Carrie; Powell, Selma; McKinney, Tracy; Walker, Zachary; Gonzalez, Tiphanie; Slocum, Timothy A.; Mason, Lee; Okeeffe, Breda V.; Bedesem, Pena L.

2011-01-01

367

Minority Ethnic Pupils in Mainly White Schools. Research Report .  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the situation of ethnic minority students in predominantly white British schools, highlighting factors affecting their educational achievement and examining the perspectives of ethnic minority students and their parents and teachers. Surveys of the performance of over 34,000 students in predominantly white schools in 35…

Cline, Tony; de Abreu, Guida; Fihosy, Cornelius; Gray, Hilary; Lambert, Hannah; Neale, Jo

368

National Unity and Ethnic Identity in a Vietnamese University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors discuss the ways in which Vietnam's educational policies for ethnic minorities are enacted in the bachelor of arts (BA) program in ethnic minority cultures (EMC) at the Hanoi University of Culture (HUC). Hanoi University of Culture is one of only two universities in Vietnam that offer this program. Although the BA is…

Tran, Linh T.; Walter, Pierre G.

2010-01-01

369

Age, education and dementia related deaths. The Norwegian Counties Study and The Cohort of Norway.  

PubMed

An inverse relationship between educational level and dementia has been reported in several studies. In this study we investigated the relationship between educational level and dementia related deaths for cohorts of people all born during 1915-39. The cohorts were followed up from adulthood or old age, taking into account possible confounders and mediating paths. Our study population comprised participants in Norwegian health examination studies in the period 1974-2002; The Counties Study and Cohort of Norway (CONOR). Dementia related deaths were defined as deaths with a dementia diagnosis on the death certificate and linked using the Cause of Death Registry to year 2012. The study included 90,843 participants, 2.06 million person years and 2440 dementia related deaths. Cox regression was used to assess the association between education and dementia related deaths. Both high and middle educational levels were associated with lower dementia related death risk compared to those with low education when follow-up started in adulthood (35-49 years, high versus low education: HR=0.68, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.50-0.93; 50-69 years, high versus low education: HR=0.52, 95% CI 0.34-0.80). However, when follow-up started at old age (70-80 years) there was no significant association between education and dementia related death. Restricting the study population to those born during a five-year period 1925-29 (the birth cohort overlapping all three age groups), gave similar main findings. The protective effects found for both high and middle educational level compared to low education were robust to adjustment for cardiovascular health and life style factors, suggesting education to be a protective factor for dementia related death. Both high and middle educational levels were associated with decreased dementia related death risk compared with low educational level when follow-up started in adulthood, but no association was observed when follow-up started at old age. PMID:25034053

Strand, Bjørn Heine; Langballe, Ellen Melbye; Rosness, Tor A; Bergem, Astrid Liv Mina; Engedal, Knut; Nafstad, Per; Tell, Grethe S; Ormstad, Heidi; Tambs, Kristian; Bjertness, Espen

2014-10-15

370

The Association between Apolipoprotein E Gene Polymorphism and Mild Cognitive Impairment among Different Ethnic Minority Groups in China  

PubMed Central

The association, in different ethnic groups, of apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene polymorphism with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been unclear. Few studies have examined the association in Chinese minorities. The current study explores the association between apoE gene polymorphism and MCI in one of the biggest ethnic groups—the Hui—and compares it with the Han. The Minimental State Exam, Activities of Daily Living Scale, and Geriatric Depression Scale were administered to 306 ethnic Hui and 618 ethnic Han people aged ?55 years. ApoE genotypes were determined using the high resolution melting curve method. The distribution of the apoE genotype and the frequency of alleles ?2, ?3, and ?4 were similar in the Hui and Han groups. In analyses adjusted for age, gender, and education level, the ?4 allele was a risk factor for MCI in both the Hui group (OR = 2.61, 95% CI: 1.02–6.66) and the Han group (OR = 2.36, 95% CI: 1.19–4.67), but the apoE ?2 allele was protective for MCI only in the Han group (OR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.38–0.88). The association of some apoE genotypes with MCI may differ in different ethnic groups in China. Further studies are needed to explore this effect among different populations. PMID:25161798

Wang, ZhiZhong; Ma, Wanrui; Liu, Lan

2014-01-01

371

Beyond Ethnic Entrepreneurship: Ethnicity and the Economy in Enterprise  

E-print Network

Beyond Ethnic Entrepreneurship: Ethnicity and the Economy inentrepreneurship, I argue that market exchange as the primary relationship in a market economy,entrepreneurship, to include the “demand side” – the interaction of the ethnic group within the larger economy.

Valdez, Zulema

2002-01-01

372

Integrating Ethnicity and Migration As Determinants of Canadian Women's Health  

PubMed Central

Health Issue This chapter investigates (1) the association between ethnicity and migration, as measured by length of residence in Canada, and two specific self-reported outcomes: (a) self-perceived health and (b) self-reports of chronic conditions; and (2) the extent to which these selected determinants provide an adequate portrait of the differential outcomes on Canadian women's self-perceived health and self-reports of chronic conditions. The 2000 Canadian Community Health Survey was used to assess these associations while controlling for selected determinants such as age, sex, family structure, highest level of education attained and household income. Key Findings • Recent immigrant women (2 years or less in Canada) are more likely to report poor health than Canadian-born women (OR = 0.48 CI: 0.30–0.77). Immigrant women who have been in Canada 10 years and over are more likely to report poor health than Canadian-born women (OR = 1.31 CI: 1.18–1.45). • Although immigrant women are less likely to report chronic conditions than Canadian-born women, this health advantage decreased over time in Canada (OR from 0.35 to 0.87 for 0–2 years to 10 years and above compared with Canadian born women). Data Gaps and Recommendations • Migration experience needs to be conceptualized according to the results of past studies and included as a social determinant of health above and beyond ethnicity and culture. It is expected that the upcoming longitudinal survey of immigrants will help enhance surveillance capacity in this area. • Variables need to be constructed to allow women and men to best identify themselves appropriately according to ethnic identity and number of years in the host country; some of the proposed categories used as a cultural group may simply refer to skin colour without capturing associated elements of culture, ethnicity and life experiences. PMID:15345095

Vissandjee, Bilkis; Desmeules, Marie; Cao, Zheynuan; Abdool, Shelly; Kazanjian, Arminée

2004-01-01

373

Integrating Ethnicity and Migration As Determinants of Canadian Women's Health.  

PubMed

HEALTH ISSUE: This chapter investigates (1) the association between ethnicity and migration, as measured by length of residence in Canada, and two specific self-reported outcomes: (a) self-perceived health and (b) self-reports of chronic conditions; and (2) the extent to which these selected determinants provide an adequate portrait of the differential outcomes on Canadian women's self-perceived health and self-reports of chronic conditions. The 2000 Canadian Community Health Survey was used to assess these associations while controlling for selected determinants such as age, sex, family structure, highest level of education attained and household income. KEY FINDINGS: * Recent immigrant women (2 years or less in Canada) are more likely to report poor health than Canadian-born women (OR = 0.48 CI: 0.30-0.77). Immigrant women who have been in Canada 10 years and over are more likely to report poor health than Canadian-born women (OR = 1.31 CI: 1.18-1.45).* Although immigrant women are less likely to report chronic conditions than Canadian-born women, this health advantage decreased over time in Canada (OR from 0.35 to 0.87 for 0-2 years to 10 years and above compared with Canadian born women). DATA GAPS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: * Migration experience needs to be conceptualized according to the results of past studies and included as a social determinant of health above and beyond ethnicity and culture. It is expected that the upcoming longitudinal survey of immigrants will help enhance surveillance capacity in this area.* Variables need to be constructed to allow women and men to best identify themselves appropriately according to ethnic identity and number of years in the host country; some of the proposed categories used as a cultural group may simply refer to skin colour without capturing associated elements of culture, ethnicity and life experiences. PMID:15345095

Vissandjee, Bilkis; Desmeules, Marie; Cao, Zheynuan; Abdool, Shelly; Kazanjian, Arminée

2004-08-25

374

An Examination of the Perceptions of Older Americans on Successful Aging and Adult Education Programs to Meet Their Aging Needs in Southeast Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the personal perceptions of older Americans in regards to the aging process and the characteristics of successful aging. In addition, the study aimed to determine individual perceptions of adult education programs and resources necessary in aging successfully. The study examined current resources, services…

Cobb, Ileeia Anjale

2011-01-01

375

Linguistic Skills of Adult Native Speakers, as a Function of Age and Level of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed, in a sample of 98 adult native speakers of Dutch, how their lexical skills and their speaking proficiency varied as a function of their age and level of education and profession (EP). Participants, categorized in terms of their age (18-35, 36-50, and 51-76 years old) and the level of their EP (low versus high), were tested on…

Mulder, Kimberley; Hulstijn, Jan H.

2011-01-01

376

Special Education Forms. Volume 2: Early Childhood Special Education for Children Three to School Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises forms (and directions for their use) used in Oregon which meet the state regulations for Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) as well as the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Forms are identified as either required or optional and are presented in a two-page format, with one page identifying…

Fink, Sandra; Allen, Diana

377

Why Learning Not Education?--Analysis of Transnational Education Policies in the Age of Globalization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The profound influence of globalization seems helping outshine the concept of "education" with the more flexible notion of "learning" in the education policies of major transnational organizations. With considerable differences in concepts, all of them are promoting "learning", more specifically LLL (lifelong learning) through their policies.…

Mandal, Sayantan

2012-01-01

378

The Effects of Health Education through Face To Face Teaching and Educational Movies, on Suburban Women in Childbearing Age  

PubMed Central

Background: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of ‘face-to-face education’ and ‘educational movies’ on ‘knowledge’ and ‘practice’ of women of child-bearing-age, in terms of health-care during pregnancy and during infancy in a suburban region near Tehran City, Iran. Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, the sample included 873 married women. Questionnaires for knowledge and practice assessment were designed. The women were assigned to three groups: control (group I), face-to-face education (group II), and educational movie (group III). Knowledge questionnaires were completed before and immediately after intervention. Practice questionnaires were completed before and three months after intervention. Both questionnaires consisted of two types of questions: type A (concerning infant care issues) and type B (concerning prenatal health care). Results: There was a significant difference in post-test knowledge between groups I and II and between groups I and III, but not between groups II and III. In terms of post-test practice, the changes were determined for every individual question, and significantly, better results were seen in group II, especially concerning type B questions. Conclusion: Face to face education lead to better practice than educational movies. In addition, significantly better practice occurred regarding child health care issues rather than prenatal issues in both groups. Realistic and tangible issues, those easy to practice, and with little or no economical burden imposed on the family, progressed from the knowledge state to the practice state more successfully in both groups. PMID:23113010

Vameghi, R; Mohammad, K; Karimloo, M; Soleimani, F; Sajedi, F

2010-01-01

379

Ethnicity and psychopharmacology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In clinical studies and cross-national surveys, cultural or ethnic factors have been found to be significant determinants in patients' responses to psychotropic medication. Dosage requirements and the potential for toxic reactions might differ amongst racial and ethnic groups. In this paper, the authors review the relevant literature and examine pharmacodynamic, pharmacokinetic and cultural-psychological factors, all of which could be responsible

Keh-Ming Lin; Russell E. Poland; Ira M. Lesser

1986-01-01

380

Comparative Ethnic Studies Certificate  

E-print Network

relations, and community formation. Ethnic 255 Migration and Gender: Starbucks, Sex Trafficking, and Nannies concepts such as race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexuality are given meaning. The program examines, grassroots social movements, and popular cultures shape social identities. The certificate program is open

Saldin, Dilano

381

Britain's Ethnic Minorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet discusses the situation of ethnic minorities--particularly those of Caribbean, Asian, or African origin--in the United Kingdom. Following introductory material, the background to immigration in Britain is described and the numbers and geographic distribution of the different ethnic groups are discussed. Next comes a general…

Central Office of Information, London (England).

382

Humanism and Ethnicity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Views various ways in which ethnic groups seek to reaffirm their own worth, including minority consciousness, consciousness-raising, particularized cultural values, and comparing one's own cultural group favorably with all other group. Suggests that all peoples should remember that, in addition to having an ethnic background, they all share a more…

Kolenda, Konstantin

1981-01-01

383

YALE UNIVERSITY Ethnic Conflict  

E-print Network

in two groups to debate whether or not poverty (or economic factors more generally) are the cause conflict spanning more than 50 years. Is ethnic conflict rooted in economics (poverty; growth decline. During the last class we will have a debate on the causes of ethnic conflict. The class will be divided

384

Disparities in Healthcare for Racial, Ethnic, and Sexual Minorities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter situates healthcare as a concern for the field of adult education through a critique of disparities in access to healthcare, quality of care received, and caregiver services for racial, ethnic, and sexual minorities.

Collins, Joshua C.; Rocco, Tonette S.

2014-01-01

385

Building Knowledge Cultures: Education and Development in the Age of Knowledge Capitalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book develops the notion of "knowledge cultures" as a basis for understanding the possibilities of education and development in the age of knowledge Capitalism. "Knowledge cultures" point to the significance of cultural preconditions in the new production of knowledge and how they are based on shared practices, embodying culturally preferred…

Peters, Michael A.; Besley, A.C.

2006-01-01

386

Does Gender Matter? An Exploratory Study of Perspectives across Genders, Age and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a convenience sample and survey research methods, the authors seek to better understand how perspectives on gender are shaped by individuals' age, level of education and gender. Study participants responded in writing to scenarios and survey questions, revealing their personal views on gender as an identity category and as a marker in the…

Carinci, Sherrie; Wong, Pia Lindquist

2009-01-01

387

The Game of Late Life: A Novel Education Activity for the Psychology of Ageing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and evaluation of The Game of Late Life--a novel education activity for the psychology of ageing. The game was designed to provide transformational learning where students imagine themselves as older adults and move through late life via a game board, encountering various life events along the way. One of the…

Brinker, Jay K.; Roberts, Pamela; Radnidge, Belinda

2014-01-01

388

A Biological Basis for the Gender Wage Gap: Fecundity and Wife Age and Educational Hypogamy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper models how a longer fecundity horizon for males than females leads to age and educational differences between husbands and wives. Empirical support is given first based on cross-national data from over 60 countries, second based on US data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, third based on historical Swedish data from the 18th and 19th centuries, and

Solomon W. Polachek; Xu Zhang; Xing Zhou

389

Fecundity and Wife Age and Educational Hypogamy: A Biological Basis for the Gender Wage Gap  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper models how a longer fecundity horizon for males than females leads to age and educational differences between husbands and wives. Empirical support is given first based on cross-national data from over 60 countries, second based on US data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, third based on historical Swedish data from the 18th and 19th centuries, and

Solomon W. Polachek; Xu Zhang

390

The Effects of Informant Age and Education Level on Childhood ASD Symptom Endorsement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is literature suggesting that some demographic characteristics actually can influence how parents or caregivers respond on informant-based measures for their children. The current study aimed to expand that research to include analysis of the relationship of maternal age and education level on mothers' ratings of their child's ASD by…

Hattier, Megan A.; Matson, Johnny L.; Belva, Brian C.; Adams, Hilary

2013-01-01

391

Bridging the Gap between Academic Gerontology and the Educational Needs of the Aging Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colleges and universities have failed to meet the long-recognized, growing need for nonacademic-credit gerontology education. With the explosive growth of the aging network, other organizations have readily responded to the fast-growing market. Results of two needs assessments over a 5-year period demonstrate employers' higher support for…

Karcher, Barbara C.; Whittlesey, Valerie

2007-01-01

392

Moral Development in Adulthood: Its Relationship to Age, Sex, and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships of age, gender, and educational level with moral development in 94 middle-class 28- to 55-year-old adults (32 males and 62 females) were studied. Subjects were administered Kohlberg's Moral Judgment Interview (MJI). Males scored higher on the MJI than females. Findings support the continued development of moral judgment through…

Bakken, Linda; Ellsworth, Randy

1990-01-01

393

Elder Abuse and Neglect Content in Higher Education Programs on Aging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to: (1) investigate the degree to which course content on elder abuse and neglect is a part of higher education curriculums in aging; (2) determine which specific elder abuse and neglect course content is included in required and elective coursework; and (3) describe the attitudes of instructors toward including elder abuse and…

Stein, Karen F.

394

Can It Really Be This Black and White? An Analysis of the Relative Importance of Ethnic Group and Other Sociodemographic Factors to Patterns of Drug Use and Related Risk among Young Londoners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two hundred regular users of illegal drugs, aged 16-20, were recruited by peers in ten further education colleges across inner London. Data collected by self-completion questionnaire are presented on patterns of cigarette, alcohol, cannabis, stimulant and other drug use among White, Black and Asian ethnic groups. Multiple and logistic regression…

McCambridge, Jim; Strang, John

2005-01-01

395

Health-related characteristics and preferred methods of receiving health education according to dominant language among Latinos Aged 25 to 64 in a large Northern California health plan  

PubMed Central

Background Latinos are a fast growing segment of the U.S. health care population. Acculturation factors, including English fluency, result in an ethnic group heterogeneous with regard to SES, health practices, and health education needs. This study examined how demographic and health-related characteristics of Spanish-dominant (SD), Bilingual (BIL), and English-dominant (ED) Latino men and women aged 25–64 differed among members of a large Northern California health plan. Methods This observational study was based on data from cohorts of 171 SD (requiring an interpreter), 181 BIL, and 734 ED Latinos aged 25–64 who responded to random sample health plan member surveys conducted 2005–2006. Language groups were compared separately by gender on education, income, behavioral health risks (smoking, obesity, exercise frequency, dietary practices, health beliefs), health status (overall health and emotional health, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, heartburn/acid reflux, back pain, depression), computer and Internet access, and health education modality preferences. Results Compared with ED Latinos, higher percentages of the SD and BIL groups had very low educational attainment and low income. While groups were similar in prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol, SD were less likely than ED Latinos to rate overall health and emotional well-being as good, very good, or excellent and more likely to report heartburn and back pain (women only). The groups were similar with regard to smoking and obesity, but among women, SD were more likely to be physically inactive than ED, and BIL were less likely than SD and ED groups to eat <3 servings of fruit/vegetables per day. SD and BIL of both genders were significantly less likely than ED Latinos to believe that health practices had a large impact on health. Compared to ED men and women, SD and BIL Latinos had significantly lower Internet and computer access. As a result, SD Latinos had a greater preference for lower technology health education modalities such as videos and taped phone messages. Conclusion There are important differences among Latinos of different English language proficiency with regard to education, income, health status, health behaviors, IT access, and health education modality preferences that ought to be considered when planning and implementing health programs for this growing segment of the U.S. population. PMID:18782454

Gordon, Nancy P; Iribarren, Carlos

2008-01-01

396

Deconstructing race and ethnicity: implications for measurement of health outcomes.  

PubMed

A crucial issue for health researchers is how to measure health and health-related behaviors across racial/ethnic groups. This commentary outlines an approach that involves the deconstruction of race/ethnicity, which clarifies the independent influences of acculturation, quality of education, socioeconomic class, and racial socialization on outcomes of interest. Research on the influence of these variables on health outcomes in general, and cognitive test performance specifically, is presented. This research indicates that when variables such as quality of education, wealth, and perceived racism are taken into account, the effect of race/ethnicity on health outcomes is greatly reduced. In other words, race/ethnicity serves as a proxy for these more meaningful variables, and explicit measurement of these constructs will improve research of health within majority and minority ethnic groups. PMID:17060816

Manly, Jennifer J

2006-11-01

397

Educational Achievement in Maori: The Roles of Cultural Identity and Social Disadvantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigates the roles of Maori cultural identity and socio-economic status in educational outcomes in a New Zealand birth cohort studied from birth to the age of 25. There were statistically significant (all p values less than 0.01) associations between cultural identity and educational outcomes, with those of Maori ethnic

Marie, Dannette; Fergusson, David M.; Boden, Joseph M.

2008-01-01

398

Dietary and Physical Activity Behaviors of New York City Children from Different Ethnic Minority Subgroups  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine racial/ethnic differences in diet and physical activity behaviors in ethnic minority New York City children. Methods Cross-sectional data from a community-based study of 486 6–8 year old children were used. Race/ethnicity was derived using caregiver report of child’s race and Hispanic ancestry. Dietary intake was obtained by 24-hour diet recalls using the Nutrition Data System for Research. Physical activity was assessed with pedometers and caregiver interviews. We compared diet and activity measures across racial/ethnic subgroups using Chi Square and ANOVA tests. Multivariate analyses adjusted for age, gender, BMI, and caregiver education (with breastfeeding history and total energy intake included in diet models). Results Participants (n=486) were categorized as Mexican (29.4%), Dominican (8.4%), Puerto Rican (20.6%), other/mixed Hispanic (14.0%) or non-Hispanic Black (27.6%). Obesity rates were lower in non-Hispanic Blacks (18%) than in Hispanics (31%). Mexicans had the lowest obesity prevalence among Hispanic subgroups (25%) and Dominicans had the highest (39%). There were differences in mean daily servings of food groups with Mexicans having healthier diets and Puerto Ricans and non-Hispanic Blacks having less healthy diets. Sedentary time was lower in Mexicans than in other groups in adjusted models. Examination of additional models including home language did not show significant differences in the estimates. Conclusion Diet and activity behaviors varied across racial/ethnic subgroups. Specifically, Mexican children had healthier diets, the least amount of sedentary time and the lowest rates of obesity among the Hispanic subgroups examined. Targeted interventions in ethnic subgroups may be warranted to address specific behaviors. PMID:22985985

Vangeepuram, N; Mervish, N; Galvez, MP; Brenner, B; Wolff, MS

2012-01-01

399

The Relevance of Media Education in Primary Schools in Hong Kong in the Age of New Media: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this age of new media, children are exposed to media messages at an early age. What can we do when the mass media exert such a great influence on children? One proposal has been for the introduction of a new school subject: media education. Though media education has not been part of the official curriculum in Hong Kong, some schools, both…

Cheung, C. K.

2005-01-01

400

Age Differences in Reaction Time and Attention in a National Telephone Sample of Adults: Education, Sex, and Task Complexity Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study demonstrated effects of age, education, and sex on complex reaction time in a large national sample (N = 3,616) with a wide range in age (32-85) and education. Participants completed speeded auditory tasks (from the MIDUS [Midlife in the U.S.] Stop and Go Switch Task) by telephone. Complexity ranged from a simple repeated task to an…

Tun, Patricia A.; Lachman, Margie E.

2008-01-01

401

Development and Evaluation of Nutrition Education Competencies and a Competency-Based Resource Guide for Preschool-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate nutrition education competencies and a competency-based resource guide, Connecting the Dots...Healthy Foods, Healthy Choices, Healthy Kids (CTD), for preschool-aged children in California. Methods: Nutrition education experts and California Department of Education staff…

Scherr, Rachel E.; Reed, Heather; Briggs, Marilyn; Zidenberg-Cherr, Sheri

2011-01-01

402

The Effects of Self-Management Education for School-Age Children on Asthma Morbidity: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of asthma self-management education for school-age children on number of school days missed, emergency department visits and hospital admissions were evaluated through a systematic review of the published research. A total of 9 studies on asthma education programs that were conducted in schools by school nurses and health educators and…

Ahmad, Emily; Grimes, Deanna E.

2011-01-01

403

Race, ethnicity, gender, and generational factors associated with the coming-out process among lesbian, and bisexual individuals.  

PubMed

Age at coming out among gay/lesbian/bisexual (GLB) persons and sexual debut with same-gendered partners has typically been investigated in samples that do not reflect the racial and ethnic diversity of these communities. Addressing this limitation, data were collected from a diverse sample of men and women attending large-scale GLB community events in New York and Los Angeles in 2003 (N = 2,733). Compared to older cohorts, younger cohorts (18-24 year olds) of both men and women reported significantly earlier ages for sexual debut with same-gendered partners, and earlier ages for coming out to themselves and to others. Also, women began the process at later ages than men, as they reported coming out to themselves and sexual debut with a same-gender partner approximately two years later than men. There were no racial or ethnic differences in age out to self or others; however, persons of color were less likely to be out to their parents. Service providers, sexuality educators, and researchers should attend to the diversity in experience of coming out among GLB populations as they relate to the individuals gender, age, and racial and ethnic backgrounds. PMID:16817058

Grov, Christian; Bimbi, David S; Nanin, José E; Parsons, Jeffery T

2006-05-01

404

University of NebraskaLincoln Children's Center It is the policy of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln not to discriminate based upon age, race, ethnicity, color,  

E-print Network

the expectations and responsibilities of the parents as they are outlined. We must work together to achieve our highly qualified, educated teaching staff. Two full-time teachers are scheduled in each classroom M-F during operating hours. Ideally, one full-time teacher opens the classroom and works an 8 hour day

Farritor, Shane

405

Psychosocial Benefits of Cross-Ethnic Friendships in Urban Middle Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the unique functions of same- and cross-ethnic friendships, Latino (n = 536) and African American (n = 396) sixth-grade students (M[subscript age] = 11.5 years) were recruited from 66 classrooms in 10 middle schools that varied in ethnic diversity. Participants reported on the number of same- and cross-ethnic friends, perceived…

Graham, Sandra; Munniksma, Anke; Juvonen, Jaana

2014-01-01

406

Health Care Provider Recommendation, Human Papillomavirus Vaccination, and Race/Ethnicity in the US National Immunization Survey  

PubMed Central

Objectives. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection in the United States, yet HPV vaccination rates remain relatively low. We examined racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of health care provider recommendations for HPV vaccination and the association between recommendation and vaccination. Methods. We used the 2009 National Immunization Survey–Teen, a nationally representative cross-section of female adolescents aged 13 to 17 years, to assess provider-verified HPV vaccination (??1 dose) and participant-reported health care provider recommendation for the HPV vaccine. Results. More than half (56.9%) of female adolescents received a recommendation for the HPV vaccine, and adolescents with a recommendation were almost 5 times as likely to receive a vaccine (odds ratio?=?4.81; 95% confidence interval?=?4.01, 5.77) as those without a recommendation. Racial/ethnic minorities were less likely to receive a recommendation, but the association between recommendation and vaccination appeared strong for all racial/ethnic groups. Conclusions. Provider recommendations were strongly associated with HPV vaccination. Racial/ethnic minorities and non-Hispanic Whites were equally likely to obtain an HPV vaccine after receiving a recommendation. Vaccine education efforts should target health care providers to increase recommendations, particularly among racial/ethnic minority populations. PMID:22698055

Lee, Hedwig; Mehta, Neil K.

2013-01-01

407

Student Learning in the Information Age. American Council on Education Series on Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses resource-based learning in higher education. One premise of resource-based learning is that as students become able to select their own learning materials from information resources, they become active, independent learners, while professors become learning facilitators in cooperation with librarians and other information…

Breivik, Patricia Senn

408

Effects of the number and age of siblings on educational transitions in sub-Saharan Africa.  

PubMed

Studies examining the link between number of siblings and level of education attained by children in Africa have produced mixed results. This study draws on Demographic and Health Survey data from 26 sub-Saharan African countries and employs a multilevel multiprocess model that controls for time-invariant unobserved mother-level characteristics. We find indications that having younger siblings increases the likelihood of entering primary school; however, once a child is enrolled, having pre-school aged siblings is negatively associated with educational progression. Having a greater number of siblings older than age 15 increases the likelihood of primary-school entry and completion but has no effect on subsequent educational transitions. Some positive effects of having a greater number of siblings who are aged 6-15 are also observed. Girls are more adversely affected by having young siblings than are boys, but they benefit more than do boys from having siblings who are older than age 15. On the whole, the effects are not very strong, however. PMID:24006074

Kravdal, Øystein; Kodzi, Ivy; Sigle-Rushton, Wendy

2013-09-01

409

Extended Visits to Pakistan by Primary-Aged Pupils in Peterborough Schools: An Exploratory Study into the Associated Educational and Social Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes research based in one primary school in Peterborough in the English Midlands into the phenomenon of extended visits to Pakistan by pupils of Pakistani ethnic origin. Data were gathered from parents, teachers, and pupils to investigate the educational challenges and opportunities presented in the situation. (Author/VWL)

Gamman, Richard

2001-01-01

410

The Effect of Education on Old Age Cognitive Abilities: Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design*  

PubMed Central

In this paper we exploit the 1947 change to the minimum school-leaving age in England from 14 to 15, to evaluate the causal effect of a year of education on cognitive abilities at older ages. We use a regression discontinuity design analysis and find a large and significant effect of the reform on males’ memory and executive functioning at older ages, using simple cognitive tests from the English Longitudinal Survey on Ageing (ELSA) as our outcome measures. This result is particularly remarkable since the reform had a powerful and immediate effect on about half the population of 14-year-olds. We investigate and discuss the potential channels by which this reform may have had its effects, as well as carrying out a full set of sensitivity analyses and robustness checks. PMID:22611283

Banks, James; Mazzonna, Fabrizio

2011-01-01

411

ETHNIC OCCUPATIONAL STATUSES  

E-print Network

of the divergence in degree of involvement among these occupations, they often come to possess auxiliary ethnic traits. This can be largely explained by examining the important characteristics which these occupational statuses share. 1. They are service occupations...a ETHNIC OCCUPATIONAL STATUSES Lewis A. Mennerick University ofKansas As Everett C. Hughes has pointed out, every status, including occupational statuses, has both specifically determining traits and "auxiliary traits which have come to be expected...

Mennerick, Lewis A.

1968-04-01

412

Vitamin A status of the minority ethnic group of Karen hill tribe children aged 1-6 years in Northern Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is the most common cause of childhood blindness in the developing world. It is estimated that by giving adequate vitamin A, in vitamin A deficient populations, child mortality from measles can be reduced by 50%, and mortality from diarrheal disease by 40%. Overall mortality in children 6-59 months of age can be reduced by 23%. This

Prasong Tienboon; Prasit Wangpakapattanawong

413

Decomposition of educational differences in life expectancy by age and causes of death among South Korean adults  

PubMed Central

Background Decomposition of socioeconomic inequalities in life expectancy by ages and causes allow us to better understand the nature of socioeconomic mortality inequalities and to suggest priority areas for policy and intervention. This study aimed to quantify age- and cause-specific contributions to socioeconomic differences in life expectancy at age 25 by educational level among South Korean adult men and women. Methods We used National Death Registration records in 2005 (129,940 men and 106,188 women) and national census data in 2005 (15, 215, 523 men and 16,077,137 women aged 25 and over). Educational attainment as the indicator of socioeconomic position was categorized into elementary school graduation or less, middle or high school graduation, and college graduation or higher. Differences in life expectancy at age 25 by educational level were estimated by age- and cause-specific mortality differences using Arriaga’s decomposition method. Results Differences in life expectancy at age 25 between college or higher education and elementary or less education were 16.23 years in men and 7.69 years in women. Young adult groups aged 35–49 in men and aged 25–39 in women contributed substantially to the differences between college or higher education and elementary or less education in life expectancy. Suicide and liver disease were the most important causes of death contributing to the differences in life expectancy in young adult groups. For older age groups, cerebrovascular disease and lung cancer were important to explain educational differential in life expectancy at 25–29 between college or higher education and middle or higher education. Conclusions The contribution of the causes of death to socioeconomic inequality in life expectancy at age 25 in South Korea varied by age groups and differed by educational comparisons. The age specific contributions for different causes of death to life expectancy inequalities by educational attainment should be taken into account in establishing effective policy strategies to reduce socioeconomic inequalities in life expectancy. PMID:24897953

2014-01-01

414

Hepatitis C Testing, Infection, and Linkage to Care Among Racial and Ethnic Minorities in the United States, 2009–2010  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We estimated rates and determinants of hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing, infection, and linkage to care among US racial/ethnic minorities. Methods. We analyzed the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health Across the US Risk Factor Survey conducted in 2009–2010 (n?=?53?896 minority adults). Results. Overall, 19% of respondents were tested for HCV. Only 60% of those reporting a risk factor were tested, with much lower rates among Asians reporting injection drug use (40%). Odds of HCV testing decreased with age and increased with higher education. Of those tested, 8.3% reported HCV infection. Respondents with income of $75?000 or more were less likely to report HCV infection than those with income less than $25?000. College-educated non-Hispanic Blacks and Asians had lower odds of HCV infection than those who did not finish high school. Of those infected, 44.4% were currently being followed by a physician, and 41.9% had taken HCV medications. Conclusions. HCV testing and linkage to care among racial/ethnic minorities are suboptimal, particularly among those reporting HCV risk factors. Socioeconomic factors were significant determinants of HCV testing, infection, and access to care. Future HCV testing and prevention activities should be directed toward racial/ethnic minorities, particularly those of low socioeconomic status. PMID:23153151

Xing, Jian; Liao, Youlian; Holmberg, Scott D.

2013-01-01

415

Consent to Specimen Storage and Continuing Studies by Race and Ethnicity: A Large Dataset Analysis Using the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To determine if significant differences exist in consent rates for biospecimen storage and continuing studies between non-Hispanic Whites and minority ethnic groups in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Methods. Using logistic regression, we analyzed 2011-2012 NHANES data to determine whether race/ethnicity, age, gender, and education level influence consent to specimen storage or future testing. Results. Compared to non-Hispanic Whites, some minorities were less willing to donate a specimen for storage and continuing studies, including other Hispanics (non-Mexican) (OR 0.236, 95% CI: 0.079, 0.706), non-Hispanic Asians (OR 0.212, 95% CI: 0.074, 0.602), and other/multiracial ethnic groups (OR 0.189, 95% CI: 0.037, 0.957). Within race and ethnic groups, those aged 20–39 years (OR 2.215, 95% CI: 1.006–4.879) and 40–59 years (OR 9.375, 95% CI: 2.163–40.637) are more willing than those over 60 years to provide consent. Conclusion. Lower consent rates by other Hispanics, non-Hispanic Asians, and other/multiracial individuals in this study represent the first published comparison of consent rates among these groups to our knowledge. To best meet the health care needs of this segment of the population and to aid in designing future genetic studies, reassessment of ethnic minority groups concerning these issues is important. PMID:25485292

Cohen, Catherine Crawford

2014-01-01

416

Education Abroad for Students with Disabilities: Expanding Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education abroad is a rapidly expanding opportunity for undergraduate students in the United States. Concurrent with this growth in total numbers is a growth in the diversity of participants. Students with different ethnic backgrounds, academic majors, age, socioeconomic status, and disabilities are increasingly seeking opportunities overseas. In…

Soneson, Heidi M.; Fisher, Shelly

2011-01-01

417

Maternal Ethnic Ancestry and Adverse Perinatal Outcomes in New York City  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the association between narrowly defined subsets of maternal ethnicity and birth outcomes. Study Design Analysis of 1995-2003 New York City birth certificates linked to hospital discharge data for 949,210 singleton births to examine the multivariable associations between maternal ethnicity and preterm birth, subsets of spontaneous and medically indicated preterm birth, term small for gestational age (SGA), and term birthweight. Results Compared to non-Hispanic whites, Puerto Ricans had an elevated odds ratio (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.9-2.0) for delivering at 32-36 weeks (adjusted for nativity, maternal age, parity, education, tobacco use, pre-pregnancy weight, birth year). We found an excess of adverse outcomes among most Latino groups. Outcomes also varied within regions, with North African infants nearly 100g (adjusted) heavier than sub-Saharan Africans. Conclusions The considerable heterogeneity in risk of adverse perinatal outcomes is obscured in broad categorizations of maternal race/ethnicity, and may help to formulate etiologic hypotheses. PMID:19729145

Stein, Cheryl R.; Savitz, David A.; Janevic, Teresa; Ananth, Cande V.; Kaufman, Jay S.; Herring, Amy H.; Engel, Stephanie M.

2009-01-01

418

Men and Their Father Figures: Exploring Racial and Ethnic Differences in Mental Health Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Though gender, racial, and ethnic disparities in health in the United States are well documented, it is less clear how these factors intersect to produce patterns of mental health outcomes among men. This study examined the presence of father figures in the lives of African American, Caribbean black and non-Hispanic white American males until the age of 16; assessed the current socio-demographic factors of these men as adults; and explored whether these factors lead to variations in mental health outcomes. Regression models were used to examine the correlates of socio-demographic, psychosocial, and retrospective father figure measures for depressive symptoms and non-specific psychological distress among African American (n = 999), Caribbean black (n = 506), and non-Hispanic white men (n = 193) from the National Survey of American Life. Findings revealed racial and ethnic group differences by age, employment status, education, and household income on depressive symptoms (measured using the CES-D scale) and non-specific psychological distress (using the Kessler-6 scale). Findings suggested that being raised by a grandfather placed both African American and Caribbean black men at greater risk for depressive symptoms and non-specific psychological distress under certain socio-demographic conditions. This study is unique in that it considers the influence of father figures on the mental health outcomes of adult males across three racial and ethnic groups. We conclude with a discussion of the implications for future mental health research and practice with men of color. PMID:25057330

Johnson-Lawrence, Vicki; Griffith, Derek M.

2013-01-01

419

Educating social workers to meet the challenge of an aging urban population: a promising model.  

PubMed

As Americans live longer, they will require more health and social services to address the onset of acute and chronic conditions. The persistent changes in health care delivery and the increasingly diverse older adult population in urban settings, coupled with the high expectation for families to be responsible for home care needs, challenge social workers, who work alongside physicians, nurses, and other health care professionals, to provide services effectively. Because social workers are becoming more essential, social work education must increase the numbers of social workers with the knowledge and skills necessary for practice in the current U.S. health, mental health, and social service systems, particularly in caring for the aging populations in urban settings. A New York Academy of Medicine study identified the need for increased synergy between the two components of graduate social work education: the field experience and classroom instruction. One educational model, the Practicum Partnership Program, which is designed to better integrate field and classroom, is being tested at six sites. Early results from over 300 graduates are encouraging, with evidence that students' knowledge and skills regarding aging adults have increased, their satisfaction with the experience was very high, and those who were trained reflect the diversity of the population of older adults. The early success of this program suggests that innovative educational models that expose graduate social work students to diverse populations across the continuum of care are possible. Such models will be essential for the nation to be successful in producing a social work labor force qualified to meet the challenge of an aging urban population. PMID:15563654

Volland, Patricia J; Berkman, Barbara

2004-12-01

420

Ethnic leftists, populist ethnics : the new politics of identity  

E-print Network

Group identifications - in particular, those based on ethnicity and class - are central to political mobilization during elections. This dissertation asks: when and why does the salience of ethnic and class categories vary ...

Gisselquist, Rachel M

2007-01-01

421

Ethnic Differences in Prevalence and Barriers of HBV Screening and Vaccination Among Asian Americans  

PubMed Central

Our study identifies the prevalence of HBV virus (HBV) screening and vaccination among Asian Americans, and ethnic differences for factors associated with screening and vaccination behaviors. In 2009–2010 we recruited 877 Korean, Chinese, and Vietnamese Americans 18 years of age and above through several community organizations, churches and local ethnic businesses in Maryland for a health education intervention and a self-administered survey. Prevalence of HBV screening, screening result and vaccinations were compared by each ethnic group. We used logistic regression analysis to understand how sociodemographics, familial factors, patient-, provider-, and resource-related barriers are associated with screening and vaccination behaviors, using the total sample and separate analysis for each ethnic group. Forty-seven percent of participants reported that they had received HBV screening and 38% had received vaccinations. Among the three groups, the Chinese participants had the highest screening prevalence, but lowest self-reported infection rate; Vietnamese has the lowest screening and vaccination prevalence. In multivariate analysis, having better knowledge of HBV, and family and physician recommendations was significantly associated with screening and vaccination behaviors. Immigrants who had lived in the US for more than a quarter of their lifetime were less likely to report ever having been screened (OR = 0.39, 95% CI: 0.28–0.55) or vaccinated (OR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.44–0.88). In ethnic-specific analysis, having a regular physician (OR = 4.46, 95% CI: 1.62–12.25) and doctor's recommendation (OR = 2.11, 95% CI: 1.05–4.22) are significantly associated with Korean's vaccination behaviors. Health insurance was associated with vaccination behaviors only among Vietnamese (OR = 2.66, 95% CI: 1.21–5.83), but not among others. PMID:22302652

Strong, Carol; Lee, Sunmin; Tanaka, Miho

2013-01-01

422

Ethnic Conflict [And] Ethnicity and Global Issues: Two [Experimental] Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two secondary social studies units, parts three and four of a series of four, contain classroom activities that help students recognize the role of superordinate goals in ethnic conflict. Objectives are to help students understand ethnic conflict within a nation in a political context and become aware of the common problems faced by ethnic groups…

Smith, Gary R.

423

Ethnicity and Identity  

E-print Network

bound by a system of authority or in majority-minority situations. In a state having bio-cultural homogeneity nationality in contemporary sense is generally assumed to be singular. Under such a situation, ethnicity ordinarily attracts mere academic... to the Palestinians. The "Melting Pot" approach of USA and of Mexico has sought to incorporate all ethnic groups as equal members of the body politic; in theory at least they are to be dealt with according to universalistic criteria. However, the Anglo-Saxon tradition...

Regmi, Rishikeshab Raj

2003-01-01

424

Ethnic Content and 'White' Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional white" approaches to ethnic content lock students into a passive role. Here is a formula for giving ethnic content an emotional voltage that will last as long as this society tolerates injustice." (Author)

Cuban, Larry

1972-01-01

425

International Guidelines on Sexuality Education and Their Relevance to a Contemporary Curriculum for Children Aged 5-8 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper evaluates UNESCO's recommended sexuality educational framework for junior school students aged 5-8 years. It also compares it to an existing state-designed Health and Physical Education curriculum that includes sexual and reproductive health for the same cohort. Based on the universal values of respect and human rights,…

Goldman, Juliette D. G.

2013-01-01

426

Trends in nutrition education of children aged 5-11 y in the Fleurbaix-Laventie Ville-Sant study  

E-print Network

Trends in nutrition education of children aged 5-11 y in the Fleurbaix-Laventie Ville-Santé study Santé" survey is an epidemiological study on the relationships between nutrition and health in 2 small is to evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition education programs through the drawing of the children, and whether

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

Locating Common Ground: An Exploration of Adult Educator Practices that Support Parent Involvement for School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores linkages between adult educator practices and the parent involvement needs of adult students with school-age children. A comparative case study examined the knowledge, experiential, self-efficacy, and social capital dimensions of adult educator practices that inform parent involvement efforts. One English as a Second Language…

Shiffman, Catherine Dunn

2013-01-01

428

How To Teach Nutrition to Kids: An Integrated, Creative Approach to Nutrition Education for Children Ages 6-10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents nutrition education activities and strategies that are child-tested and teacher-endorsed. It targets educators, nutrition professionals, parents, and other caregivers, offering the tools to teach children ages 6-10 years about nutrition in a meaningful, integrated way. Divided by subject, this resource integrates nutrition into…

Evers, Connie Liakos

429

Teaching Tips on Cultural Differences in Vocational Education. A Guidebook of Selected Activities for Teaching Students Who Are Ethnically and/or Culturally Different.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to aid secondary school vocational education teachers, this document provides learning activities for educators to use in meeting the needs of culturally diverse students and outlines strategies to improve teaching effectiveness in overcoming cultural differences. Section I summarizes background information on cultural pluralism and the…

Sheppard, N. Alan; And Others

430

Ethnicity, health and control: results from an exploratory study of ethnic minority communities' attitudes to health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports some findings from an exploratory study of ethnic minority communities in England based on a survey of 277 South Asian, Chinese, and Afro-Caribbean men and women aged between 35 and 64, purposively selected in seven separate sampling locations. Personal inter views were conducted in the respondents' first languages. The survey results show that there are notable differences

Roger Dickinson; Arvind Bhatt

1994-01-01

431

Comparative Ethnic Studies Latino Studies  

E-print Network

0 Comparative Ethnic Studies Latino Studies Asian American Studies Indigenous/Native American Studies CSER Student Guide 2012-13 Ethnicity & Race Center for the Study of #12;1 About CSER Founded in 1999, the Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Race (CSER) is a vibrant teaching, research

Qian, Ning

432

Ethnicity, Neighborhoods, and Human-Capital Externalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The socioeconomic performance of today's workers depends not only on parental skills but also on the average skills of the ethnic group in the parents' generation (or ethnic capital). This paper investigates the link between the ethnic externality and ethnic neighborhoods. The evidence indicates that residential segregation and the external effect of ethnicity are linked, partly because ethnic capital summarizes

George J Borjas

1995-01-01

433

Introducing Ethnic Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an activity introducing the study of non-Western literature (exploring themes of colonization and racial or ethnic discrimination) to students who have had little contact with people of other races or cultures and who have never suffered significant discrimination. Discusses how this two-day exercise demonstrates the everyday realities…

Viera, Carroll

2000-01-01

434

American Ethnic Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this volume focus on the historical and social evolution of six American ethnic groups. Thomas Sowell discusses similarities and differences in the experiences of antebellum "free persons of color," emancipated slaves and their descendants, and West Indian immigrants, and examines trends in the socioeconomic status of black…

Sowell, Thomas, Ed.; Collins, Lynn D., Ed.

435

Bullying in German Primary Schools: Gender Differences, Age Trends and Influence of Parents' Migration and Educational Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study discussed herein assessed the prevalence of bullying and analysed possible predictors for bullying in a sample of urban primary school-age children. Factors considered were students' gender and age differences as well as parents' educational level and migration backgrounds. Using a cross-informant approach (self- and teacher-reports),…

von Marees, Nandoli; Petermann, Franz

2010-01-01

436

Age Differences in Reaction time and Attention in a National Telephone Sample of Adults: Education, Sex, and Task Complexity Matter  

PubMed Central

This study demonstrated effects of age, education, and gender on complex reaction time in a large national sample (N=3616) with a wide range in age (32–85) and education. Participants completed speeded auditory tasks (from the MIDUS Stop and Go Switch Task) by telephone. Complexity ranged from a simple repeated task to an alternating task that involved central executive processes including switching and inhibitory control. Increased complexity was associated with slower responses in older adults, those with lower education, and females, even after controlling for differences in health status. Higher levels of education were associated with greater central executive efficiency across adulthood: overall, adults with college degrees performed on complex tasks like less-educated individuals who were 10 years younger, up to age 75. These findings suggest that advanced education can moderate age differences on complex speeded tasks that require central executive processes, at least up to the point in old age at which biological declines predominate. The approach demonstrates the utility of combining laboratory paradigms with survey methods, to enable the study of larger, more diverse and representative samples across the lifespan. PMID:18793073

Tun, Patricia A.; Lachman, Margie E.

2008-01-01

437

Ethnic Identity and Offending Trajectories among Mexican American Juvenile Offenders: Gang Membership and Psychosocial Maturity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the association of joint trajectories of ethnic identity and criminal offending to psychosocial maturity, gang membership, and Mexican American affiliation among 300 Mexican American male juvenile offenders from ages 14 to 22. There were two low-offending groups: one was the highest in ethnic identity and changing slightly with age and…

Knight, George P.; Losoya, Sandra H.; Cho, Young Il; Chassin, Laurie; Williams, Joanna Lee; Cota-Robles, Sonia

2012-01-01

438

Direct and Interactive Links Between Cross-Ethnic Friendships and Peer Rejection, Internalizing Symptoms, and Academic Engagement Among Ethnically Diverse Children.  

PubMed

The present study examined direct and interactive links between friendships and social, academic, and psychological adjustment problems (i.e., peer rejection as nominated by same-ethnic and cross-ethnic peers, teacher-reported academic engagement, and teacher-reported internalizing symptoms) among school-age children in multiethnic schools (n = 509, age: 9-10). The data, which included 2 time points with a 6-month interval, were drawn from a relatively large-sized, short-term longitudinal study. Results showed that cross-ethnic friendships (not same-ethnic friendships) were associated with greater academic engagement concurrently and predated decreased peer rejection and internalizing symptoms longitudinally, even after controlling for the availability of same-ethnic peers and classroom diversity. Furthermore, cross-ethnic friendships (not same-ethnic friendships) moderated the link between relational victimization and increased peer rejection and greater internalizing symptoms, such that this link was evidenced for children with fewer cross-ethnic friendships. However, the moderation effect was contingent upon the type of outcome variables and the ethnicity of the child. For example, the buffering effect against the negative contribution of relational victimization to internalizing symptoms was found particularly for African American children. The findings are discussed based on theories of normative development, ethnic socialization, and intergroup relations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25486496

Kawabata, Yoshito; Crick, Nicki R

2014-12-01

439

What Role Does Formal Education Play in the IQ-Age Relationship across the Adult Life-Span?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Age differences in intellect as reflected by performance on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (Revised) (WAIS-R) were evaluated for persons aged 20 to 74 years. Educational attainment levels were held constant. The WAIS-R sample included 1,480 men and women in the following seven age groups--20-24 years (n=250), 25-34 years (n=250), 35-44…

McLean, James E.; And Others

440

The protective influence of family connectedness, ethnic identity, and ethnic engagement for New Zealand Ma?ori adolescents.  

PubMed

The present study examined the associations among family connectedness, ethnic identity, and ethnic engagement on changes in well-being over time for the understudied population of Ma?ori (indigenous New Zealand) youth. Data were collected as part of a longitudinal study of youth connectedness in New Zealand using self-report measures at 3 measurement occasions separated by 1 year each. Participants in the current study were 431 self-identified Ma?ori (ages 10-15 years at Time 1). As expected, the variables of family connectedness, ethnic identity, and well-being were all positively related to each other. Results of a latent growth curve model showed that, following normative trends for adolescents of this age, well-being diminished over time for Ma?ori youth; however, high levels of family connectedness were found to mitigate this general decline in well-being over time. Furthermore, in a longitudinal path analysis, ethnic engagement was found to exert a positive indirect effect on residualized Time 3 well-being through Time 2 ethnic identity. These findings indicate that the quality of family relationships and affiliation with one's ethnic group are important predictors of positive adjustment for Ma?ori youth over time. These results are discussed in the context of positive youth development for ethnic minority and indigenous youth. PMID:24708455

Stuart, Jaimee; Jose, Paul E

2014-06-01

441

Walter Benjamin in the Age of Digital Reproduction: Aura in Education--A Rereading of "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers a key text in the field of Cultural Studies for its relevance to questions about the identity of knowledge in education. The concept of "aura" arises as being of special significance in "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" as a way of understanding the change that occurs to art when mass reproduction becomes…

Peim, Nick

2007-01-01

442

A macro analysis of population growth of China's ethnic groups in the 1980s.  

PubMed

8% of China's population is comprised of the 55 identified ethnic groups in 1990. The growth rate of this population between 1982 and 1990 was very high at 38.7/1000, or an increase of 1.43 over the previous 18 years. Natural increase was 18/1000. The total fertility rate was 2.9 in 1990. The causes for such rapid growth are reaffirmation of ethnic identity, a high fertility rate, and intermarriage with Han residents. 59% of the increased population reflected a new classification as an ethnic minority. Intermarriage with Han accounted for 4.4% of the increase. Since the revolution of 1949, there has been a release from the former oppression and population declines. In 1978, preferential policies were mandated for ethnic groups, which encouraged ethnic recognition. Ethnic status was enhanced and national awareness of ethnic groups was increased. The visual display of the ethnic age pyramid is evidence that the shape is quite different from the Han population. There are greater numbers of teenagers and those in reproductive ages. This cluster will affect population growth after the century's end. Ethnic population growth due to reaffirmation of ethnic identity also is different from natural increase in regional migration. A rise in population density within a location is not apparent. Carrying capacity of the local economy, resources, or environment is unaffected by the increase. It is inappropriate to measure the population pressure of high ethnic population growth. Eventually, ethnic growth will affect the growth rate of the national population. In ethnic areas, population growth should be planned in concert with economic development, use of resources, and protection of the ecology. Thus, ethnic area income/capita will be increased, inequality will be erased, and national autonomy achieved. The social stability and prosperity of all China is dependent on respect for happiness among ethnic minorities and economic and social development. PMID:12317818

Yang, S; Liu, W

1992-06-01

443

Ethnic Differences in Neonatal Body Composition in a Multi-Ethnic Population and the Impact of Parental Factors: A Population-Based Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background Neonates from low and middle income countries (LAMIC) tend to have lower birth weight compared with Western European (WE) neonates. Parental height, BMI and maternal parity, age and educational level often differ according to ethnic background, and are associated with offspring birth weight. Less is known about how these factors affect ethnic differences in neonatal body composition. Objectives To explore differences in neonatal body composition in a multi-ethnic population, and the impact of key parental factors on these differences. Methods A population-based cohort study of pregnant mothers, fathers and their offspring, living in Oslo, Norway. Gender- and gestational-specific z-scores were calculated for several anthropometric measurements, with the neonates of WE ethnic origin as reference. Mean z-scores for neonates with LAMIC origin, and their parents, are presented as outcome variables. Results 537 singleton, term neonates and their parents were included. All anthropometric measurements were smaller in neonates with LAMIC origin. Abdominal circumference and ponderal index differed the most from WE (mean z-score: ?0.57 (95% CI:?0.69 to ?0.44) and ?0.54 (?0.66 to ?0.44), and remained so after adjusting for parental size. Head circumference and skin folds differed less, and length the least (?0.21 (?0.35 to ?0.07)). These measures became comparable to WEs when adjusted for parental factors. Conclusions LAMIC origin neonates were relatively “thin-fat”, as indicated by reduced AC and ponderal index and relatively preserved length and skin folds, compared with neonates with WE origin. This phenotype may predispose to type 2 diabetes. PMID:24009731

Sletner, Line; Nakstad, Britt; Yajnik, Chittaranjan S.; Mørkrid, Kjersti; Vangen, Siri; Vårdal, Mari H.; Holme, Ingar M.; Birkeland, Kåre I.; Jenum, Anne Karen

2013-01-01

444

Ethnic differences in female sexual victimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the link between ethnicity, early sexual victimization experiences and college sesual assault in a sample\\u000a of 383 undergraduate women. One third of the sample (32.9%) had experienced some form of sexual assault during college (22%\\u000a of whom reported that they had been raped), and 52 percent had experienced unwanted sexual activity before the age of 18 (17.5%

Linda Kalof

2000-01-01

445

Commodification of Transitioning Ethnic Enclaves  

PubMed Central

This literature review examines the changing roles of ethnic enclaves, the question of their authenticity, and their value as commodified spaces, giving special attention to Little Italy neighborhoods in the United States. Understanding the roles of ethnic enclaves requires some understanding about immigrants’ identities. For some theorists, immigrants become blended into society over the course of generations; for other theorists, descendants of immigrants sometimes retain their cultural heritage and traits, helping form a multicultural or pluralist society. In the traditional sense, ethnic enclaves consist of both ethnic residents and ethnic businesses (such as restaurants, shops, and grocers). One way that ethnic enclaves change is when the area experiences a demographic shift, and people from outside the ethnic group move their residences and businesses to the neighborhood, resulting in the area becoming diversified in people and businesses. A second way that an ethnic enclave changes is when the ethnic group shrinks, but the shops and other businesses remain, resulting in the area becoming diversified in residents but not businesses. This latter situation may encourage commodification of the neighborhood’s ethnic identity, where a municipality or business association seeks to preserve an enclave’s ethnic reputation for tourism purposes. This commodification has implications for many individuals and groups within the enclave as well as outside of it. PMID:25431441

Terzano, Kathryn

2014-01-01

446

What users want in e-commerce design: effects of age, education and income.  

PubMed

Preferences for certain characteristics of an online shopping experience may be related to demographic data. This paper discusses the characteristics of that experience, demographic data and preferences by demographic group. The results of an online survey of 488 individuals in the United States indicate that respondents are generally satisfied with their online shopping experiences, with security, information quality and information quantity ranking first in importance overall. The sensory impact of a site ranked last overall of the seven characteristics measured. Preferences for these characteristics in e-commerce sites were differentiated by age, education and income. The sensory impact of sites became less important as respondents increased in age, income or education. As the income of respondents increased, the importance of the reputation of the vendor rose. Web site designers may incorporate these findings into the design of e-commerce sites in an attempt to increase the shopping satisfaction of their users. Results from the customer relationship management portion of the survey suggest that current push technologies and site personalization are not an effective means of achieving user satisfaction. PMID:12554404

Lightner, Nancy J

2003-01-15

447

Sex and Ethnic Differences in 47 Candidate Proteomic Markers of Cardiovascular Disease: The Mayo Clinic Proteomic Markers of Arteriosclerosis Study  

PubMed Central

Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) susceptibility differs between men and women and varies with ethnicity. This variability is not entirely explained by conventional CVD risk factors. We examined differences in circulating levels of 47 novel protein markers of CVD in 2561 men and women of African-American (AA) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) ethnicity, enrolled at geographically distinct sites. Methodology/Principal Findings Participants (1,324 AAs, mean age 63.5 y, 71% women; 1,237 NHWs, mean age 58.9 y, 57% women) belonged to sibships ascertained on the basis of hypertension. Solid-phase immunoassays and immunoturbidometric, clot-based, chromogenic, and electrophoretic assays were used to measure the 47 protein markers in plasma or serum. Marker levels were log transformed and outliers were adjusted to within 4 SD. To identify markers independently associated with sex or ethnicity, we employed multivariable regression analyses that adjusted for conventional risk factors, prior history of CVD, medication use and lifestyle factors (physical activity, alcohol consumption and education). Generalized estimating equations were used to correct for intrafamilial correlations. After adjustment for the above covariates, female sex was associated with higher levels of 29 markers and lower levels of 6 markers. Female sex was independently associated with higher levels of several inflammatory markers as well as lipoproteins, adipokines, natriuretic peptides, vasoconstrictor peptides and markers of calcification and thrombosis. AA ethnicity was associated with higher levels of 19 markers and lower levels of 6 markers, including higher levels of several inflammatory makers, higher leptin and lower adiponectin levels, lower levels of vasodilator-natriuretic peptides, higher levels of vasoconstrictor-antidiuretic peptides and markers of calcification and thrombosis. Conclusions/Significance Plasma levels of several novel protein markers of CVD differ significantly in the context of sex and ethnicity. These results have implications for individualized CVD risk assessment. PMID:20140090

Kim, Charles X.; Bailey, Kent R.; Klee, George G.; Ellington, Allison A.; Liu, Guanghui; Mosley, Thomas H.; Rehman, Hamid; Kullo, Iftikhar J.

2010-01-01

448

Perceptions of healthy eating and physical activity in an ethnically diverse sample of young children and their parents: the DEAL prevention of obesity study  

PubMed Central

Background Ethnicity is a consistent correlate of obesity; however, little is known about the perceptions and beliefs that may influence engagement with obesity prevention programmes among ethnic minority children. Barriers to (and facilitators of) healthy lifestyles were examined in the qualitative arm of the London (UK) DiEt and Active Living (DEAL) study. Methods Children aged 8–13 years and their parents, from diverse ethnic groups, were recruited through schools and through places of worship. Thirteen focus group sessions were held with 70 children (n = 39 girls) and eight focus groups and five interviews with 43 parents (n = 34 mothers). Results Across ethnic groups, dislike of school meals, lack of knowledge of physical activity guidelines for children and negativity towards physical education at school among girls, potentially hindered healthy living. Issues relating to families' wider neighbourhoods (e.g. fast food outlets; lack of safety) illustrated child and parental concerns that environments could thwart intentions for healthy eating and activity. By contrast, there was general awareness of key dietary messages and an emphasis on dietary variety and balance. For ethnic minorities, places of worship were key focal points for social support. Discourse around the retention of traditional practices, family roles and responsibilities, and religion highlighted both potential facilitators (e.g. the importance of family meals) and barriers (reliance on convenience stores for traditional foods). Socio-economic circumstances intersected with key themes, within and between ethnic groups. Conclusions Several barriers to (and facilitators of) healthy lifestyles were common across ethnic groups. Diversity of cultural frameworks not only were more nuanced, but also shaped lifestyles for minority children. PMID:22827466

Rawlins, E; Baker, G; Maynard, M; Harding, S

2013-01-01

449

Ethnic minority patients not at increased risk of adverse events during hospitalisation in urban hospitals in the Netherlands: results of a prospective observational study  

PubMed Central

Objectives We analysed potential differences in incidence, type, nature, impact and preventability of adverse events (AEs) during hospitalisation between ethnic Dutch and ethnic minority patients, and the role of patient-related determinants. We hypothesised an increased AE incidence for ethnic minority patients. Setting We conducted a prospective cohort study in four urban hospitals. Participants 763 Dutch patients and 576 ethnic minority patients aged between 45 and 75, admitted for at least one night, were included in the study. All patients completed a questionnaire on patient-related determinants (eg, language proficiency). Outcome measures Incidence, type (eg, diagnostic AEs), impact and nature of AEs were assessed with a two-stage medical record review. Logistic regression analysis was used to adjust for patient and admission characteristics, and to investigate the contribution of patient-related determinants to AE risk. Results There was no significant difference in the incidence of AEs: 11% (95% CI 9% to 14%) in Dutch patients and 10% (95% CI 7% to 12%) in ethnic minority patients. Also, there was no significant difference in the incidence of preventable AEs: 3% (95% CI 1% to 4%) in Dutch patients and 1% (95% CI 0% to 2%) in ethnic minority patients. Low language proficiency, inadequate health literacy and low educational level did not increase the risk of an AE. Conclusions Compared with Dutch patients, ethnic minority patients were not at increased risk of AEs while receiving care in Dutch hospitals. Healthcare providers seem to have responded effectively to specific patient care needs, but we do not know whether this occurred in an ad hoc or in a systematic way. PMID:25550290

van Rosse, Floor; Essink-Bot, Marie-Louise; Stronks, Karien; de Bruijne, Martine; Wagner, Cordula

2014-01-01

450

Case Study on Skovde Municipality and Its Ethnic Minorities (Sweden). The CDCC's Project No. 7.: "The Education and Cultural Development of Migrants".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1970's educational program in Skovde, Sweden, supports the country's immigrant policy of equality, freedom of choice, and cooperation by providing for active bilingualism among immigrant children at school. The program provides instruction from certified bilingual teachers in 16 home languages for immigrant groups dominated by Finns but also…

Hermans, Philip

451

An Examination of Poverty, Racial and Ethnic Minority Affiliation, English Learner Status, and Special Education in Central Valley School Districts of California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Individuals with Disabilities Act of 2004 (IDEA) was reauthorized to include accountability targets to address disproportionality in special education categories. While socioeconomic disadvantaged students were not identified as a target subgroup by IDEA, the goal of closing the achievement gap for all students has been at the forefront in…

Alvarez, Stefanie Jennifer

2011-01-01

452

Beyond Ethnic Entrepreneurship: Ethnicity and the Economy in Enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1970’s, the increase in business ownership has been especially noteworthy among ethnic groups in the United States (Light 1972; Light and Bonacich 1988; Waldinger et al. 1990). Some ethnic minority groups, such as Koreans and Cubans, are even characterized as “entrepreneurial†because their rates of business-ownership participation far exceed that of other groups. Ethnic affiliation, however, does not

Zulema Valdez

2003-01-01

453

Comparative Approaches to Higher Education--Curriculum, Teaching, and Innovations in an Age of Financial Difficulties. Reports of the Hiroshima/OECD Meetings of Experts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic activities undertaken during 1981-1982 by member countries of the Organization of Educational Cooperation and Development are reported in 21 articles. The following topics are addressed: higher education in the international age, curriculum and teaching, reforms and innovations, open universities and adult education, and higher education

Hiroshima Univ. (Japan). Research Inst. for Higher Education.

454

Romantic Relationships in Intra-Ethnic and Inter-Ethnic Adolescent Couples in Germany: The Role of Attachment to Parents, Self-Esteem, and Conflict Resolution Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated romantic relationships in a sample of 380 adolescents who formed 190 heterosexual couples (mean age: females 17 years; males 18 years): 173 intra-ethnic (German) couples and 17 inter-ethnic couples. Factor analyses revealed two types of love experiences: (a) experiences of attraction and a passionate focus on the partner…

Bucx, Freek; Seiffge-Krenke, Inge

2010-01-01

455

Latino Adolescents' Ethnic Identity: Is There a Developmental Progression and Does Growth in Ethnic Identity Predict Growth in Self-Esteem?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current longitudinal study of 323 Latino adolescents (50.5% male; M age = 15.31 years) examined whether ethnic identity exploration, resolution, and affirmation demonstrated significant growth over a 4-year period and whether growth in ethnic identity predicted growth in self-esteem. Findings from multiple-group latent growth curve models…

Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; Gonzales-Backen, Melinda A.; Guimond, Amy B.

2009-01-01

456

Educational Outcomes of a Collaborative School-Home Behavioral Intervention for ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated educationally relevant outcomes from a newly developed collaborative school-home intervention (Collaborative Life Skills Program [CLS]) for youth with attention and/or behavior problems. Participants included 17 girls and 40 boys in second through fifth grades (mean age = 8.1 years) from diverse ethnic backgrounds. CLS was…

Pfiffner, Linda J.; Villodas, Miguel; Kaiser, Nina; Rooney, Mary; McBurnett, Keith

2013-01-01

457

Early Educational Opportunities for Children of Hispanic Origins. Social Policy Report. Volume XXIII, Number II  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that young Hispanic (or Latina/o) children (ages 3 to 8 years) should be of particular interest to policymakers, practitioners, and researchers in education. Young Hispanic children constitute an urgent demographic imperative. Young Hispanic children are not only the largest racial/ethnic group in the U.S., but also the youngest…

Garcia, Eugene; Jensen, Bryant

2009-01-01

458

78 FR 21908 - Request for Nominations of Members To Serve on the National Advisory Committee on Racial, Ethnic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...youth, aging populations, American Indian and Alaska Native tribal...populations, complex households, poverty populations, race/ ethnic...the following populations: African American; American Indian and Alaska Native;...

2013-04-12

459

Ethnicity and etiology in burn trauma.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to retrieve data from the British Columbia Professional Firefighters Burn Unit registry, with a focus on ethnicity and how it is involved in burn trauma. It is hypothesized that mechanism, severity, and other patient characteristics are significantly different among different ethnic groups. Furthermore, it is believed that these data can be used to augment burn prevention strategies. Data for burn patients admitted from 1979 to 2009 were reviewed from the burn registry. The main focus was with differences seen among the four main ethnicities throughout the analysis, Caucasian, Aboriginal, Asian, and Indoasian, reflecting the population distribution of the region. Age and sex were also considered when looking at burn mechanism, severity, contributing and copresenting factors. Caucasians were the largest group (79.1%) and included the largest male:female ratio (3.3:1), with high numbers of flame injury (53.9%). Caucasians presented with the highest mortality (6.6% compared with 4.1% for all other ethnicities; P < .006). Asian patients (8.1%) showed significantly higher occurrences of urban (64%) and workplace (28.9%) injuries with a larger proportion of scald injury (38.9%). Indoasian patients included larger numbers of women (36.4%) and household scald injuries (33.9%) whereas Aboriginals suffered the most flame injuries (60.1%) in rural areas with more frequent contributing factors such as alcohol. The study found multiple significant differences in the burn injury population when segmented by ethnicity. Though the exact reasons for these differences are difficult to say with certainty, it allows a unique opportunity to focus communication and prevention efforts to specific communities. PMID:24503965

Papp, Anthony; Haythornthwaite, Jordan

2014-01-01

460

Ethnicity has overtaken race in medical science: MEDLINE-based comparison of trends in the USA and the rest of the world   

E-print Network

Ethnicity and race are among the most commonly used epidemiological variables, closely following age, sex and social class. Relative increase in the use of the term ‘ethnicity’ rather than ‘race’ in the health ...

Afshari, Reza; Bhopal, Raj

2010-01-01

461

Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome: Results from a Multi-Ethnic Population-Based Survey in Malaysia  

PubMed Central

Introduction The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing disproportionately among the different ethnicities in Asia compared to the rest of the world. This study aims to determine the differences in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome across ethnicities in Malaysia, a multi-ethnic country. Methods In 2004, we conducted a national cross-sectional population-based study using a stratified two-stage cluster sampling design (N?=?17,211). Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the International Diabetes Federation/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute/American Heart Association (IDF/NHLBI/AHA-2009) criteria. Multivariate models were used to study the independent association between ethnicity and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. Results The overall mean age was 36.9 years, and 50.0% participants were female. The ethnic distribution was 57.0% Malay, 28.5% Chinese, 8.9% Indian and 5.0% Indigenous Sarawakians. The overall prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 27.5%, with a prevalence of central obesity, raised triglycerides, low high density lipoprotein cholesterol, raised blood pressure and raised fasting glucose of 36.9%, 29.3%, 37.2%, 38.0% and 29.1%, respectively. Among those <40 years, the adjusted prevalence ratios for metabolic syndrome for ethnic Chinese, Indians, and Indigenous Sarawakians compared to ethnic Malay were 0.81 (95% CI 0.67 to 0.96), 1.42 (95% CI 1.19 to 1.69) and 1.37 (95% CI 1.08 to 1.73), respectively. Among those aged ?40 years, the corresponding prevalence ratios were 0.86 (95% CI 0.79 to 0.92), 1.25 (95% CI 1.15 to 1.36), and 0.94 (95% CI 0.80, 1.11). The P-value for the interaction of ethnicity by age was 0.001. Conclusions The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Malaysia was high, with marked differences across ethnicities. Ethnic Chinese had the lowest prevalence of metabolic syndrome, while ethnic Indians had the highest. Indigenous Sarawakians showed a marked increase in metabolic syndrome at young ages. PMID:23029497

Guallar, Eliseo; Bulgiba, Awang; Mohamed, Rosmawati; Rahmat, Ramlee; Arif, Mohamad Taha; Rampal, Lekhraj

2012-01-01

462

Association of education with dietary intake among young adults in the bi-ethnic Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) cohort  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of changes in dietary intake with education in young black and white men and women.\\u000aDESIGN: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, a multi-centre population-based prospective study. Dietary intake data at baseline and year 7 were obtained from an extensive nutritionist-administered diet history questionnaire with 700 items developed for CARDIA.\\u000aSETTING: Participants

S. L. Archer; J. E. Hilner; A. R. Dyer; Kurt J. Greenlund; Laura A. Colangelo; Catarina I. Kiefe; K. Liu

2003-01-01

463

Restructuring for Ethnic Peace: A Public Debate at the University of Hawaii.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume represents the outcome of a series of seven public forums held at the University of Hawaii on problems of ethnic peace. The papers included cover such topics as academic freedom and responsibility; affirmative action and grievances; legacies of colonialism and racism; dynamics of class, ethnicity, culture, and education; and finally…

Tehranian, Majid, Ed.

464

Stirring the American Cultural Stew: Developing and Implementing Ethnic Curricula in Connecticut.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper identifies issues which arose during the development of an ethnic studies curriculum project in Connecticut. It also defines the author's role as an educational anthropologist involved in the project. Initiated in 1974, the "Peoples of Connecticut" project involved research on ethnic groups in the state and promotion of curricula to…

Weibust, Patricia S.

465

Factors Influencing the Ethnic Identity Development of Latino Fraternity Members at a Hispanic Serving Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education scholars have examined Latino/a student experiences and ethnic identity, yet there is no research describing the ethnic identity development of Latino fraternity members at a Hispanic Serving Institution (HSI). The purpose of this phenomenological study was to understand how membership in a Latino fraternity at an HSI enhanced…

Guardia, Juan R.; Evans, Nancy J.

2008-01-01

466

Middle School Teacher and Student Ethnicity in Texas: A MultiYear Statewide Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this investigation, relationships between teacher ethnicity and student ethnicity in Texas public middle schools were examined. Through the Texas Education Agency Academic Excellence Indicator System, publicly available data on all public middle schools in Texas for the 1999-2000 through 2009-2010 school years were downloaded. Statistically…

Bone, Jamie; Slate, John R.; Martinez-Garcia, Cynthia

2011-01-01

467

Life Satisfaction among Ethnic Minorities: The Role of Discrimination and Group Identification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most immigrants and ethnic minority groups, everyday life in the country of settlement raises question of adaptation and belonging. Aside from factors such as lower income, lower education and poorer health, being an ethnic minority member carries additional factors that can lower general life satisfaction. Using data from two studies the…

Verkuyten, Maykel

2008-01-01

468

Individualism, collectivism and ethnic identity: cultural assumptions in accounting for caregiving behaviour in Britain.  

PubMed

Britain is experiencing the ageing of a large number of minority ethnic groups for the first time in its history, due to the post-war migration of people from the Caribbean and the Indian subcontinent. Stereotypes about a high level of provision of informal caregiving among minority ethnic groups are common in Britain, as in the US, despite quantitative studies refuting this assumption. This paper reports on a qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with older people from five different ethnic groups about their conceptualisation of their ethnic identity, and their attributions of motivations of caregiving within their own ethnic group and in other groups. It is argued that ethnic identity becomes salient after migration and becoming a part of an ethnic minority group in the new country. Therefore, White British people who have never migrated do not have a great sense of ethnic identity. Further, a strong sense of ethnic identity is linked with identifying with the collective rather than the individual, which explains why the White British participants gave an individualist account of their motivations for informal care, whereas the minority ethnic participants gave a collectivist account of their motivations of care. Crucially, members of all ethnic groups were providing or receiving informal care, so it was the attribution and not the behaviour which differed. PMID:22869345

Willis, Rosalind

2012-09-01

469

District-Wide Strategy To Monitor the Placement and Performance of Students From Ethnically Diverse Populations: a Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disproportionate representation of students from ethnically diverse populations in special education has been a concern at every level from the judicial system and federal legislation to the parents of identified children. Yet, over-referral itself may not be the problem. Rather, the failure may be for students of varying ethnicities to make improvements once identified and receiving services in special education.

Tracey E. Hall

1998-01-01

470

Teachers' perceptions of value and effects of outdoor education during an age of accountability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of teachers' perceptions of the value and effects of a residential Outdoor Education experience during an age of accountability, which was defined as the era which commenced with the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Focus group interviews were conducted with four groups of teachers who participated in a residential Outdoor Education experience with their students during the 2004-2005 school year. The major findings of this study were: (1) Teachers perceive value in the OE experience because of the multi-faceted effects upon their students and classes; (2) Teachers perceived the OE experience positively affected their students' learning through providing hands-on and authentic experiences, development of thinking skills, and enhancing the school's curriculum; (3) Teachers perceived the OE experience positively affected their students' social and emotional development as evidenced by an increase in self esteem, independence, maturity, personal responsibility, and an expanded worldview; (4) Teachers perceived the OE experience positively affected their students' sense of community as evidenced by an increase in team building and cohesiveness, more productive staff-student relationships, the emergence of different "star" students, and greater inclusion of special needs students; (5) Teachers perceived students' appreciation of the environment increased; and (6) Teachers did not perceive any imminent changes to their school's Outdoor Education programming due to the accountability provisions of No Child Left behind (2001). This study's findings suggested implications for school administrators, which were that they should: articulate desired effects to stakeholders; communicate connections to learning standards; and expand the OE experience to foster greater environmental issue focus.

Schmitt, Thomas R.

471

Age related, structured educational programmes for the management of atopic dermatitis in children and adolescents: multicentre, randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the effects of age related, structured educational programmes on the management of moderate to severe atopic dermatitis in childhood and adolescence. Design Multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Setting Seven hospitals in Germany. Participants Parents of children with atopic dermatitis aged 3 months to 7 years (n = 274) and 8-12 years (n = 102), adolescents with atopic dermatitis aged 13-18 years (n = 70), and controls (n = 244, n = 83, and n = 50, respectively). Interventions Group sessions of standardised intervention programmes for atopic dermatitis once weekly for six weeks or no education (control group). Main outcome measures Severity of eczema (scoring of atopic dermatitis scale), subjective severity (standardised questionnaires), and quality of life for parents of affected children aged less than 13 years, over 12 months. Results Significant improvements in severity of eczema and subjective severity were seen in all intervention groups compared with control groups (total score for severity: age 3 months to 7 years - 17.5, 95% confidence intervals - 19.6 to - 15.3 v - 12.2, - 14.3 to - 10.1; age 8-12 years - 16.0, - 20.0 to - 12.0 v - 7.8, - 11.4; - 4.3; and age 13-18 years - 19.7, - 23.7 to - 15.7 v - 5.2, - 10.5 to 0.1). Parents of affected children aged less than 7 years experienced significantly better improvement in all five quality of life subscales, whereas parents of affected children aged 8-12 years experienced significantly better improvement in three of five quality of life subscales. Conclusion Age related educational programmes for the control of atopic dermatitis in children and adolescents are effective in the long term management of the disease. PMID:16627509

Staab, Doris; Diepgen, Thomas L; Fartasch, Manigé; Kupfer, Jörg; Lob-Corzilius, Thomas; Ring, Johannes; Scheewe, Sibylle; Scheidt, Reginald; Schmid-Ott, Gerhard; Schnopp, Christina; Szczepanski, Rüdiger; Werfel, Thomas; Wittenmeier, Marita; Wahn, Ulrich; Gieler, Uwe

2006-01-01

472

Making It Visible: An Exploration of How Adult Education Participation Informs Parent Involvement in Education for School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the connections between adult education participation and parent involvement in children's education--connections identified during an exploratory case study of parents transitioning into the workforce in compliance with welfare requirements. Data sources included interviews with parents, adult educators, and elementary…

Shiffman, Catherine Dunn

2011-01-01

473

Leading in the Age of Post-Socialist Education Transformations: Examining Sustainability of Teacher Education Reform in Latvia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the former socialist countries of Southeastern/Central Europe and the former Soviet Union have embarked on their journeys from authoritarian to democratic societies in the early 1990s, education systems across the region have experienced major changes. From curriculum revision to education finance reforms, virtually no aspect of the education

Webster, Colin; Silova, Iveta; Moyer, Amy; McAllister, Suzanne

2011-01-01

474

High HDL-C prevalence is common in type 1 diabetes and increases with age but is lower in Hispanic individuals.  

PubMed

High HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) based on the 85th percentile of the 2009-2010 National Health and Education Survey (NHANES) was present in more than a third of 194 unselected subjects with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Age was associated with an increase and Hispanic ethnicity with a decrease in the prevalence of high HDL-C. PMID:25441221

Alessa, Thamer; Szeto, Angela; Chacra, Walid; Mendez, Armando; Goldberg, Ronald B

2015-01-01

475

Lung Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity  

MedlinePLUS

... and ethnicity. Incidence Rates by Race/Ethnicity and Sex "Incidence rate" means how many people out of ... Alaska Native). Death Rates by Race/Ethnicity and Sex From 1999â??2011, the rate of people dying ...

476

Preventing the Link Between SES and High-Risk Behaviors: “Value-Added” Education, Drug Use and Delinquency in High-Risk, Urban Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined whether schools achieving better than expected educational outcomes for their students influence the risk of drug\\u000a use and delinquency among urban, racial\\/ethnic minority youth. Adolescents (n?=?2,621), who were primarily African American and Hispanic and enrolled in Chicago public schools (n?=?61), completed surveys in 6th (aged 12) and 8th (aged 14) grades. Value-added education was derived from standardized residuals

Amy L. Tobler; Kelli A. Komro; Alexis Dabroski; Paul Aveyard; Wolfgang A. Markham

2011-01-01

477

Crime and Ethnicity in London  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the relationship between a community's ethnic population density and its crime rate. We compare the spatial distribution of crime and the black population across the 32 London boroughs. Once endogeneity and sorting issues are taken into account, we find that the higher is the density of the ethnic population in a given borough, the higher is the

Eleonora Patacchini; Yves Zenou

2008-01-01

478

The Case Against Romantic Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characterizes the new ethnic movement as an upper-class intellectual romanticism, which has focused on an abstract craving for historical identity. Criticizes it for avoiding the principal problems of poverty and possivity of the poor, among whom the ethnics are so prominent. (EH)

Myrdal, Gunnar

1974-01-01

479

Residential Dynamics in Ethnic Concentrations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many countries and cities there is fear that large residential concentrations of ethnic minorities will hinder integration and give rise to sub-societies that may eventually come to have little to do with each other. However, while governments develop policies aimed at spatial mixing of various population categories, the actual knowledge about ethnic concentrations and their development is rather thin.

SAKO MUSTERD; SJOERD DE VOS

2007-01-01

480

Age in Grade Congruence and Progression in Basic Education in Bangladesh. CREATE Pathways to Access. Research Monograph No. 48  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Bangladesh gross and net enrolment rates are used to measure overage and underage enrolment in the education system. However, due to the limits of these methods in exploring the issue of age in grade, the paper uses the CREATE Community and School Survey (COMSS) data from Bangladesh. COMSS was a longitudinal survey of 6,696 households with…

Hossain, Altaf

2010-01-01

481

Education, Activity, Health, Blood Pressure and Apolipoprotein E as Predictors of Cognitive Change in Old Age: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Cross-sectional studies have identified a number of health and lifestyle factors that correlate with cognitive function in old age. It is important to know whether these factors also predict change in cognitive function over time. Objective: To evaluate published findings on genetic, health and lifestyle predictors of cognitive change in late adulthood. Methods: Studies reporting data on education, health,

Kaarin Anstey; Helen Christensen

2000-01-01

482

Children's Moral Judgments and Moral Emotions Following Exclusion of Children with Disabilities: Relations with Inclusive Education, Age, and Contact Intensity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated relations between children's moral judgments and moral emotions following disability-based exclusion and inclusive education, age, and contact intensity. Nine- and 12-year-old Swiss children (N = 351) from inclusive and noninclusive classrooms provided moral judgments and moral emotion attributions following six vignettes about…

Gasser, Luciano; Malti, Tina; Buholzer, Alois

2013-01-01

483

Associations of Student Temperament and Educational Competence with Academic Achievement: The Role of Teacher Age and Teacher and Student Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined associations of teacher-perceived student temperament and educational competence with school achievement, and how these associations were modified by students' gender and teachers' gender and age. Participants were 1063 Finnish ninth-graders (534 boys) and their 29 Mother Language teachers (all female) and 43 Mathematics teachers (17…

Mullola, Sari; Jokela, Markus; Ravaja, Niklas; Lipsanen, Jari; Hintsanen, Mirka; Alatupa, Saija; Keltikangas-Jarvinen, Liisa

2011-01-01

484

Special Issue: Intellectual Property in the Information Age: Knowledge as Commodity and its Legal Implications for Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph examines in great detail two kinds of intellectual property: copyrights and patents. Though the authors recognize the significance of trademarks and trade secrets, they focus primarily on copyrights and patents in this monograph because they represent the most significant issues in higher education in the information age.…

Sun, Jeffrey C., Ed.; Baez, Benjamin, Ed.

2009-01-01

485

Restructuring a College to Meet Postsecondary Educational Needs of "Non-College-Age Women." Concluding Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project to enroll and serve "non-college-age" women at Barat College, Illinois, is described. The 18-month project was designed to develop new college-community ties, increase substantially the numbers of women returning to college, restructure internally to meet new identified educational needs, and provide cross-generational learning formats…

Marchese, Theodore J.

486

Higher Education Is an Age-Independent Predictor of White Matter Integrity and Cognitive Control in Late Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Socioeconomic status is an important predictor of cognitive development and academic achievement. Late adolescence provides a unique opportunity to study how the attainment of socioeconomic status (in the form of years of education) relates to cognitive and neural development, during a time when age-related cognitive and neural development is…

Noble, Kimberly G.; Korgaonkar, Mayuresh S.; Grieve, Stuart M.; Brickman, Adam M.

2013-01-01

487

The Effects of Children's Age and Sex on Acquiring Pro-Environmental Attitudes through Environmental Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Environmental education programs aiming to enhance children's environmental attitudes in a pro-environmental direction require background information, such as age and sex differences, to ensure appropriate design. We used the 2-MEV model with its domains "preservation" and "utilization" of nature to assess a four-day…

Liefländer, Anne Kristin; Bogner, Franz Xaver

2014-01-01

488

From Aging...to Saging--The Ohio State Senior Partners Program: Longitudinal and Experiential Geriatrics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ohio State College of Medicine began its Senior Partners Program (SPP) in 2001 as part of its commitment to integrate geriatric education throughout all four years of the medical curriculum. For participating senior partners and medical students, the SPP has signified a journey through a continuum of aging. Initial evaluations suggest that…

Kantor, Bonnie S.; Myers, Michelle R.

2006-01-01

489

Ethnicity, Language, and Economic Well-Being in Rural Guatemala.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In rural Guatemala, long-standing ethnic differences in economic well-being widened during 1988-95 despite rapid national economic growth. Analysis of data from three national surveys found that returns to education were substantially lower for rural indigenous households, especially those where the head of household did not speak Spanish.…

Beckett, Megan; Pebley, Ann R.

2003-01-01

490

Adult Education in Sweden: Possibilities for the Middle Aged and Older People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Older adults in Sweden lack access to funding for education and training, a gap partly filled by popular education. Study circles, one form of popular education, enable older adults to learn and adapt to the challenges of global society. They promote humanistic rather than economic goals of education. (SK)

Thang, Per-Olof; Warvik, Gun-Britt

2000-01-01

491

Not Quite Color Blind: Ethnic and Gender Differences in Attitudes toward Older People among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes toward older people can influence how they are treated and their cognitive and physical health. The populations of the United States and many other countries have become more ethnically diverse, and are aging. Yet little research examines how ethnic diversity affects attitudes toward older people. Our study addresses this research gap.…

Laditka, Sarah B.; Laditka, James N.; Houck, Margaret M.; Olatosi, Bankole A.

2011-01-01

492

Ethnicity as a Moderator of Treatment Effects on Parent-Child Interaction for Children with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine ethnic differences in observed parenting and child behavior and the moderating effects of ethnicity on the relationship between treatment and parent and child behavior. Method: Observations of 508 children with ADHD (ages 7-9) and their caregivers, collected during the Multimodal Treatment Study of ADHD, were analyzed using…

Jones, Heather A.; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Owens, Elizabeth B.; Chi, Terry C.; Arnold, L. Eugene; Hoza, Betsy; Wells, Karen C.

2010-01-01

493

Knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes about hearing loss and hearing protection among racial/ethnically diverse young adults.  

PubMed Central

Over 11 million individuals exhibit some degree of permanent noise induced hearing loss (NIHL). Despite such data, there remains a paucity of empirical evidence on the knowledge of noise exposure and hearing protection devices (HPDs) for young adults, particularly those of diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds. This lack of research is unfortunate, as prior research suggests that the incidence of NIHL can be reduced through educational programs, such as hearing conservation programs (HCPs). Moreover, research also indicates that such educational programs are more beneficial when developed for specific age and/or ethnic/racial groups. The primary aim of this investigation was to determine the knowledge base of 200 college-aged young adults aged 18-29, concerning the auditory mechanism, NIHL, and the use of HPDs. The second aim of this study was to identify race and ethnicity differences or similarities in knowledge of these areas among African-American and caucasian young adults. Overall, in many instances, a majority of the young adults in our study demonstrated a high degree of knowledge concerning factors associated with exposure to excessive noise and the risk of hearing loss. Yet, the results also revealed significant racial/ethnic differences in knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes about the use of HPDs. Recent estimates suggest that more than 11 million individuals in the United States exhibit some degree of NIHL. Moreover, 40 million individuals work in environments that contain potentially harmful noise levels, and over 50 million Americans routinely use firearms--a common cause of noise-induced hearing impairment. A specific hallmark manifestation of NIHL is a permanent decrease in hearing sensitivity from 3,000-6,000 Hz, with a characteristic notch at 4,000 Hz. Additional effects of exposure to high noise levels include physiological changes in heart rate and blood pressure, decrease in work productivity, and an interference with communication that results from the masking of speech. With these considerations in mind, the purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes of a young-adult population in the United States concerning the factors that contribute to NIHL and the use of hearing protection. Additionally, this study was interested in whether there were racial/ethnic differences or similarities in knowledge of hearing loss and the use of HPDs among African-American and caucasian young adults. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 PMID:14977276

Crandell, Carl; Mills, Terry L.; Gauthier, Ricardo

2004-01-01

494

Women Who Work: Part I, the Relative Importance of Age, Education and Marital Status for Participation in the Labour Force. Special Labour Force Studies No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is intended to provide a systematic treatment of some hypotheses relating to labor force participation determinants, and an illustration of the relative importance of age, education, and marital status for female participation. Marital status, education, and age have all been shown to affect participation rates. On an impressionistic…

Allingham, John D.

495

Racial/ethnic and sociodemographic factors associated with micronutrient intakes and inadequacies among pregnant women in an urban US population  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess sociodemographic correlates of micronutrient intakes from food and dietary supplements in an urban, ethnically diverse sample of pregnant women in the USA. Design Cross-sectional analyses of data collected using a validated semi-quantitative FFQ. Associations between racial, ethnic and sociodemographic factors and micronutrient intakes were examined using logistic regression controlling for pre-pregnancy BMI, maternal age and smoking status. Setting Prenatal clinics, Boston, MA, USA. Subjects Analyses included pregnant women (n 274) in the PRogramming of Intergenerational Stress Mechanisms (PRISM) study, an urban longitudinal cohort designed to examine how stress influences respiratory health in children when controlling for other environmental exposures (chemical stressors, nutrition). Results High frequencies of vitamin E (52%), Mg (38%), Fe (57%) and vitamin D (77%) inadequacies as well as suboptimal intakes of choline (95 %) and K (99%) were observed. Factors associated with multiple antioxidant inadequacies included being Hispanic or African American, lower education and self-reported economic-related food insecurity. Hispanics had a higher prevalence of multiple methyl-nutrient inadequacies compared with African Am