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1

Hearing aid maximum output and loudness discomfort: are unaided loudness measures needed?  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate a clinical protocol for setting hearing aid maximum output (MPO) in adult users. The protocol consisted of matching prescriptive targets for MPO followed by aided loudness validation and adjustment. Twenty-eight adults fit with multichannel hearing aids during the previous two years were recalled for unaided loudness measures. During the recall visit, unaided frequency-specific loudness discomfort levels were measured for frequencies between 250 and 3000 Hz. These values were converted to real-ear levels by adding individually measured real-ear dial differences. Real-ear saturation responses (RESR) were measured using a 90 dB pure-tone sweep and compared to the real-ear loudness discomfort levels. All participants completed the APHAB Aversiveness scale and Munro-Patel loudness questionnaire. A subset of participants (n = 20) completed the Profile of Aided Loudness. The average RESR-UCL difference was -5.7 dB, and the maximum difference was 15 dB. For all but one participant, the average RESR values (.5-3 kHz) were either less than or no more than 5 dB above the LDLs, and the aided APHAB Aversiveness scores were below the 80th percentile. There were no significant correlations between the scores on the loudness questionnaires and the differences between RESR and LDL values. Results suggest that unaided LDL measures may be redundant if aided loudness validation measures are completed. PMID:17849638

Mackersie, Carol L

2007-06-01

2

The Long-Run Effect of Aid on Domestic Output  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes two main contributions. First, we examine the long-run effect of foreign aid on domestic output for 59 developing countries using heterogeneous panel cointegration techniques to control for omitted variable and endogeneity bias to detect possible cross-country differences in the output effect of aid. The main result is that aid has, on average, a negative long-run effect on

Dierk Herzer; Oliver Morrissey

3

Laboratory measurement of human power output during maximum intensity exercise  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The power output of an athlete decreases rapidly with time. The author describes different ways of measuring power output, including a unique method developed at Loughborough University for measuring the power developed by a sprint runner.

Lakomy, Henryk K. A.

1993-11-01

4

Maximum Efficiency of a Conventional Klystron Output Cavity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

By using a photocathode instead of a thermionic cathode in a klystron, the possibility exists to make very short low energy spread bunches of high efficiency. However, there is a fundamental limit to the efficiency of a conventional output cavity, such as...

J. J. Welch

1986-01-01

5

Maximum efficiency of a conventional klystron output cavity  

Microsoft Academic Search

By using a photocathode instead of a thermionic cathode in a klystron, the possibility exists to make very short low energy spread bunches of high efficiency. However, there is a fundamental limit to the efficiency of a conventional output cavity, such as the one used in the SLAC XK-5 klystron. The fringing electric field in the drift tube acts on

1986-01-01

6

Designing maximum power output into piezoelectric energy harvesters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy harvesting from vibrational sources has been the focus of extensive research in the last decade, but fundamental questions remain concerning the design of these harvesters. We consider a piezoelectric bimorph energy harvester and seek to translate design requirements, such as mass and target natural frequency, into beam dimensions that maximize power output. Our method centers around optimizing the thickness of the piezoelectric layers of a beam relative to the total beam thickness, otherwise known as the thickness ratio. This method uses approximations for the fundamental frequency and mode shape. This allows for the development of algebraic expressions for the modal parameters required for the prediction of power output. The resulting expression for power is fully defined by the fixed system level requirements and the only unknown parameters, the piezoelectric thickness ratio and the damping ratio. We show in an example case that, for typical damping ratio values, the ideal thickness ratio is not significantly affected by changes in the damping ratio. As such, the method requires a simple sweep of the thickness ratio in order to determine the beam design which maximizes the power. We develop the design method for both systems where the piezoelectric material is continuous and where the thickness is selected from a discrete set of values. Because our method produces a single algebraic expression for the power, the resulting beam design can be developed extremely quickly from a set of design requirements, and thus does not require optimization algorithms. We also show that our design method achieves more power output and requires less piezoelectric material than an approach which maximizes the coupling coefficient.

Shafer, Michael W.; Bryant, Matthew; Garcia, Ephrahim

2012-08-01

7

Maximum likelihood voting for fault-tolerant software with finite output-space  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the output space of a multiversion software is finite, several software versions can give identical but incorrect outputs. This paper proposes a maximum likelihood voting (MLV) strategy for multiversion software with finite output-space under the assumption of failure independence. To estimate the correct result, MLV uses the reliability of each software version and determines the most likely correct result.

Yiu-Wing Leung

1995-01-01

8

Relationship of maximum aerobic power output to productivity and absenteeism of East African sugar cane workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Davies, C. T. M. (1973).British Journal of Industrial Medicine,30, 146-154. Relationship of maximum aerobic power output to productivity and absenteeism of East African sugar cane workers. The relationship of the physiological responses to laboratory exercise on an upright bicycle ergometer and predicted maximum aerobic power output (V?O2max) to daily and season output has been investigated in 78 cane cutters aged

C. T. M. Davies

1973-01-01

9

Impact of CDMA wireless phone power output and puncture rate on hearing aid interference levels.  

PubMed

Interference between digital wireless phones and hearing aids occurs when the radiofrequency bursts from the phone transmission are demodulated by the hearing aid amplifier. The amplified interference signal is heard as a "buzz" or "static" by the hearing aid wearer. Most research and standards development activity has focused on worst-case scenarios with the phone operating at its maximum power. Since this power level is often not typical in urban and suburban settings, it is of value to determine the impact of lower power levels on the overall level of audible interference. Using a frequency analyzer, and several hearings aids and code division multiple access (CDMA) phones, the audio frequency spectrum of interference was recorded for each phone-aid combination and for a range of power levels producing from no interference to maximum interference. As phone power is increased, the interference signal becomes distinguishable from the ambient noise level and a linear response region is observed in which a specified increase in power output results in a proportional increase in the overall input referenced interference level (OIRIL). As power is increased beyond the linear region, the hearing aid enters a saturation region where an additional power increase results in a reduction or no increase in the OIRIL. The numeric differences in interference documented in this study were used in conjunction with the results of a previous study by the authors to determine the impact of reduced power on speech intelligibility and annoyance. The amount of improvement for a given power reduction depends on the radiofrequency immunity of the hearing aid and is substantial for hearing aids with poor immunity. For high-immunity aids, the level of audible interference remains low even at high phone power levels. PMID:10690434

Fry, T L; Schlegel, R E; Grant, H

10

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN MUSCLE POWER OUTPUT USING THE STRETCH-SHORTENING CYCLE AND ECCENTRIC MAXIMUM STRENGTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Miyaguchi, K and Demura, S. Relationships between muscle power output using the stretch-shortening cycle and eccentric maximum strength. J Strength Cond Res 22(6): 1735-1741, 2008—This study aimed to examine the relationships between muscle power output using the stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) and eccentric maximum strength under elbow flexion. Eighteen young adult males pulled up a constant light load (2 kg) by

KAZUYOSHI MIYAGUCHI; SHINICHI DEMURA

11

Efficiencies of two-level weak dissipation quantum Carnot engines at the maximum power output  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A weak-dissipation cycle model of two-level quantum Carnot engines is proposed by adopting a generic energy spectrum and the superposition effect of quantum systems. Expressions for the power output and efficiency of the cycle are derived. The optimal relation between the power output and the efficiency is obtained and the optimally operating region of the cycle is determined. Moreover, analytical expression for the efficiency of the cycle at the maximum power output is deduced and the lower and upper bounds of the efficiency at the maximum power output are given. The results obtained are general and can be directly used to discuss the optimal performance characteristics of several types of two-level quantum Carnot engines.

Guo, Juncheng; Wang, Junyi; Wang, Yuan; Chen, Jincan

2013-04-01

12

Maximum output power control of permanent magnet-assisted synchronous reluctance generator  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the design and performance analysis of a robust and inexpensive permanent magnet-assisted synchronous reluctance generator (PMa-SynRG) with its corresponding control topology is studied. More specifically, the topology based on vector control for the maximum output power of generator is investigated. The torque of PMa-SynRG is controlled by a combustion engine speed and the maximum power operating point

Jeihoon Baek; Mina M. Rahimian; Hamid A. Toliyat

2008-01-01

13

The Long-Run Effect of Foreign Aid on Domestic Output  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes two main contributions. First, we examine the long-run effect of foreign aid on domestic output for 59 developing countries using heterogeneous panel cointegration techniques to control for omitted variable and endogeneity bias and to detect possible cross-country differences in the output effect of aid. The main result is that aid has, on average, a negative long-run effect

Dierk Herzer; Oliver Morrissey

2010-01-01

14

Control of hearing-aid saturated sound pressure level by frequency-shaped output compression limiting.  

PubMed

To fit a hearing aid successfully, it is important to set the Saturated Sound Pressure Level (SSPL) or Maximum Power Output (MPO) appropriately. The SSPL should be low enough to prevent sounds from being amplified to uncomfortable loudness, and yet high enough to maximize speech intelligibility and signal quality. To help attain an optimum SSPL setting, a novel output compression limiting scheme, with shapable MPO (ShaMPO), has been devised. In ShaMPO, the SSPL is shaped across frequencies in accordance with the individual user's loudness discomfort levels (LDLs). The contributions of different frequency regions to loudness are controlled by summing the amplified signal power relative to the LDLs across frequencies, and using this signal to control a wideband compressor. This scheme and a conventional output compression limiting (AGCo) scheme have been implemented in a digital hearing aid. Ten subjects, with moderately-severe to profound sensorineural hearing losses, participated in a study comparing speech intelligibility and listening comfort for the two schemes. Results showed that there were no significant differences in the speech perception scores between AGCo and ShaMPO, even when the speech was presented at 80 dBA, at which level both schemes were in compression much of the time. However, an examination of how subjects selected the SSPL for the two schemes revealed that, in many instances, AGCo would permit some sounds with compact spectra to be amplified above LDL, whereas ShaMPO would not. Thus the ShaMPO scheme can improve listening comfort for some intense sounds without a loss of speech intelligibility. In contrast, half the subjects found speech at 80 dBA to be uncomfortably loud when listening through their own aids. PMID:10207954

McDermott, H J; Dean, M R; Dillon, H

1999-01-01

15

Optimum Load in Various Vertical Jumps Support the Maximum Dynamic Output Hypothesis.  

PubMed

The aim was to generalize the maximum dynamic output (MDO) hypothesis [i. e., the muscle power output in vertical jumps (VJ) is maximized when loaded with one's own body mass] to variety of VJ. We hypothesized that the subjects' own body (a) would be the optimal load for maximizing the power output (i. e., the no-load condition) and also (b) reveal the maximum benefits of stretch-shortening cycle (SSC). 13 participants performed the maximum squat and various counter-movement jumps when loaded by approximately constant external force ranging from -40% to + 40% of their body weight (BW). Regarding the first hypothesis, the differences in both the peak and mean power recorded under different load magnitudes revealed maxima close to no-load condition (i. e., from -3% BW to + 8% BW; R2=0.65-0.96; all P<0.01). Regarding the second hypothesis, the differences in performance between VJ executed with and without SSC also revealed maxima close to no-load conditions (0-2% BW), while the same differences in the power output were observed under relatively low positive loads (14-25% BW; R2=0.56-0.95; all P<0.01). The findings support the concept that maximal power output occurs close to one's own body mass during VJ with and without SSC, thereby providing additional support to MDO hypothesis. PMID:23670357

Suzovic, D; Markovic, G; Pasic, M; Jaric, S

2013-05-13

16

External loading and maximum dynamic output in vertical jumping: the role of training history.  

PubMed

We examined the effect of training history on the load-power relationship in vertical jumping (VJ) by employing external loads ranging from -30% to +30% body weight (BW). Based on previous findings, we hypothesized that (1) the maximum dynamic output (power production and momentum generation) would be within the tested loading interval, and (2) the load-power and load-momentum relations would depend on the subject's training history. Thirty-one healthy male subjects of different training history (i.e., 9 strength-trained athletes, 12 speed-trained athletes, and 10 sedentary individuals), performed maximum countermovement jumps on a force plate while a pulley system was used to either reduce or increase the subject's BW. An increase in external loading during VJ resulted in a systematic decrease (p<.001) in power production and momentum generation in all 3 studied groups. We also observed significant Group×Load interactions (p<.01) for the load-power and the load-momentum relationships, probably due to the group differences in slopes of the trend lines that describe the loading-associated changes in power and momentum. The results suggest that, from the evolutionary standpoint, the human muscular system of the lower limbs could be designed to produce the maximum power output against the loads that are well below the mass and inertia of the human body. PMID:21862162

Vuk, Sasa; Markovic, Goran; Jaric, Slobodan

2011-08-20

17

Maximum Output Power Control Using Short-Circuit Current and Open-Circuit Voltage of a Solar Panel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A control method to optimize the output power of a solar cell is necessary because the output of a solar cell strongly depends on solar radiation. We here proposed two output power control methods using the short-circuit current and open-circuit voltage of a solar panel. One of them used a current ratio and a voltage ratio (?? control), and the other used a current ratio and a short-circuit current--electric power characteristic coefficient (?? control). The usefulness of the ?? and the ?? control methods was evaluated. The results showed that the output power controlled by our proposed methods was close to the maximum output power of a solar panel.

Kato, Takahiro; Miyake, Takuma; Tashima, Daisuke; Sakoda, Tatsuya; Otsubo, Masahisa; Hombu, Mitsuyuki

2012-10-01

18

Efficiency at maximum power output of an irreversible Carnot-like cycle with internally dissipative friction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the efficiency at the maximum power output (EMP) of an irreversible Carnot engine performing finite-time cycles between two reservoirs at constant temperatures Th and Tc (

Wang, Jianhui; He, Jizhou

2012-11-01

19

Optimum outlet temperature of solar collector for maximum work output for an Otto air-standard cycle with ideal regeneration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The optimum solar collector outlet temperature for maximizing the work output for an Otto air-standard cycle with ideal regeneration is investigated. A mathematical model for the energy balance on the solar collector along with the useful work output and the thermal efficiency of the Otto air-standard cycle with ideal regeneration is developed. The optimum solar collector outlet temperature for maximum

S ELDIGHIDY

1993-01-01

20

Optimum outlet temperature of solar collector for maximum work output for an Otto air-standard cycle with ideal regeneration  

SciTech Connect

The optimum solar collector outlet temperature for maximizing the work output for an Otto air-standard cycle with ideal regeneration is investigated. A mathematical model for the energy balance on the solar collector along with the useful work output and the thermal efficiency of the Otto air-standard cycle with ideal regeneration is developed. The optimum solar collector outlet temperature for maximum work output is determined. The effect of radiative and convective heat losses from the solar collector, on the optimum outlet temperature is presented. The results reveal that the highest solar collector outlet temperature and, therefore, greatest Otto cycle efficiency and work output can be attained with the lowest values of radiative and convective heat losses. Moreover, high cycle work output (as a fraction of absorbed solar energy) and high efficiency of an Otto heat engine with ideal regeneration, driven by a solar collector system, can be attained with low compression ratio.

Eldighidy, S.M. (Sultan Qaboos Univ., Al-Khod (Oman))

1993-09-01

21

A voice-input voice-output communication aid for people with severe speech impairment.  

PubMed

A new form of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device for people with severe speech impairment-the voice-input voice-output communication aid (VIVOCA)-is described. The VIVOCA recognizes the disordered speech of the user and builds messages, which are converted into synthetic speech. System development was carried out employing user-centered design and development methods, which identified and refined key requirements for the device. A novel methodology for building small vocabulary, speaker-dependent automatic speech recognizers with reduced amounts of training data, was applied. Experiments showed that this method is successful in generating good recognition performance (mean accuracy 96%) on highly disordered speech, even when recognition perplexity is increased. The selected message-building technique traded off various factors including speed of message construction and range of available message outputs. The VIVOCA was evaluated in a field trial by individuals with moderate to severe dysarthria and confirmed that they can make use of the device to produce intelligible speech output from disordered speech input. The trial highlighted some issues which limit the performance and usability of the device when applied in real usage situations, with mean recognition accuracy of 67% in these circumstances. These limitations will be addressed in future work. PMID:22875259

Hawley, Mark S; Cunningham, Stuart P; Green, Phil D; Enderby, Pam; Palmer, Rebecca; Sehgal, Siddharth; O'Neill, Peter

2012-08-03

22

Techniques for maintaining design efficiency when operating klystron amplifiers at levels below the maximum output power  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some accelerator designs require that the amount of RF power supplied to the accelerating cavities be varied along the accelerator length. In order to minimize operating expense for a high-power, CW system, it is also desirable to maximize RF-generator efficiency. Klystrons are the traditional source used for RF-accelerator applications, but a high-efficiency klystron design is optimized to provide high efficiency at only one operating point, usually at saturation. Different klystron designs could be used for different power levels to maintain high efficiency; however, this approach would increase the capital costs of the accelerator. We discuss several methods of varying the output power of a klystron and show semi-empirically a way to preserve klystron efficiency. We derive two semi-empirical methods to predict the variations in power and efficiency under nonoptimum operating conditions. Experimental data from a 1.25 MW klystron are also shown. These data support our hypothesis and our models.

Tallerico, Paul; Rees, Daniel; Young, Andrew; Laycock, Don; Symons, Robert

1995-04-01

23

Electrical Failure of an ICD Lead due to a Presumed Insulation Defect Only Diagnosed by a Maximum Output Shock.  

PubMed

A 55-year-old male patient presented after a single shock caused by oversensing of isolated nonphysiologic signals on both the distal HV and pace-sense channels. No other abnormalities were found. He subsequently returned complaining of device "vibration" and his St. Jude implantable defibrillator (ICD; St. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN, USA) was found to be in VVI backup mode and could not be interrogated. Direct testing in the electrophysiology lab showed normal lead impedances and thresholds with an inability to reproduce the abnormal signals. Detailed cine fluoroscopy of the leads found no abnormalities. A new ICD was connected and successfully delivered a 20-joule shock but failed to deliver a maximum output (39-joule) shock. The new ICD was again found to be in backup mode. A new Endotak Reliance G lead (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, USA) was implanted and a maximum-output shock was successful using a new Fortify DR ICD. This case likely represents a Durata lead insulation defect in the form of an inside-out abrasion under the distal HV coil. Increased awareness of this defect is warranted, particularly since routine interrogation and submaximum-output shocks may fail to detect the problem. PMID:23731252

Goldstein, Matthew A; Badri, Marwan; Kocovic, Dusan; Kowey, Peter R

2013-06-03

24

Application of error modeling at the output of maximum likelihood decoder to concatenated coded 16 PSK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors study the performance of coded 16 PSK inner code concatenated with a Reed-Solomon (RS) outer code. The overall redundancy introduced by the codes is 33 percent (spectral efficiency 2.7 b/s/Hz), 10 percent for the outer code (transmitted at the expense of data rate), and 25 percent for the rate-3/4 convolutional code (transmitted by increasing the size of the alphabet from 8 to 16). Because the performance of the outer code is strongly influenced by the error characteristics of the inner decoder, which is based on the maximum likelihood principle, the errors that result from this type of decoding are modeled. This model is used to evaluate the performance of different RS codes. Particular attention is paid to the memory effect of the inner Viterbi decoder.

Fazel, K.; Salembier, P.

25

Output Characteristics of P-doped Raman Fiber Laser at 1484 nm with 2.11 W Maximum Output Power Pumped by CW 1064 nm Yb-doped Double-Clad Fiber Laser  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The output dependence on output reflectivity and fiber length is reported for a phosphosilicate Raman fiber laser (RFL) at the second Stokes wavelength of 1484 nm using a pump of CW 8.4 W/1064 nm Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser (DCFL) and cascaded cavities for the first and second Stokes wavelength. The output reflectivities for the second Stokes light were 15 and 50% and the lengths of the P-doped Raman fiber (PDF) were 300, 700, and 1000 m. The maximum output of 2.11 W/1484 nm was obtained using 15% output reflectivity and 700 m PDF length and the corresponding slope efficiency from the pump was 33.2%. The laser performance for the six configurations was investigated by observing the maximum output power, slope efficiency, threshold pump power, and full-width at half maximum at the second Stokes wavelength.

Kim, Nam Seong; Prabhu, Mahendra; Li, Cheng; Song, Jie; Ueda, Ken-ichi

2000-11-01

26

Description of a parametric maximum likelihood estimator in the frequency domain for multi-input, multi-output systems and its application to flight flutter analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The basic formula of a parametric maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) in the frequency domain for multi-input, multi-output (MIMO) systems is given. The proposed method takes into account the perturbation noise on all the measured input and output signals. It is an extension to MIMO systems of the single-input, single-output (SISO) estimation method called ELiS (Estimation of Linear Systems). The MIMO

Patrick Guillaume; Rik Pintelon; Johan Schoukens

1990-01-01

27

Effects of a voice output communication aid on interactions between support personnel and an individual with multiple disabilities.  

PubMed Central

We evaluated a means of increasing staff members' interactions with an individual with multiple disabilities through use of a voice output communication aid (VOCA). When activated, the VOCA allowed the individual to communicate through synthesized speech. Results indicated that staff members interacted with the individual more frequently when she had access to the VOCA, suggesting that VOCAs may represent an alternative to more traditional staff management programs for increasing interactions.

Schepis, M M; Reid, D H

1995-01-01

28

On the implementation of an automated acoustic output optimization algorithm for subharmonic aided pressure estimation.  

PubMed

Incident acoustic output (IAO) dependent subharmonic signal amplitudes from ultrasound contrast agents can be categorized into occurrence, growth or saturation stages. Subharmonic aided pressure estimation (SHAPE) is a technique that utilizes growth stage subharmonic signal amplitudes for hydrostatic pressure estimation. In this study, we developed an automated IAO optimization algorithm to identify the IAO level eliciting growth stage subharmonic signals and also studied the effect of pulse length on SHAPE. This approach may help eliminate the problems of acquiring and analyzing the data offline at all IAO levels as was done in previous studies and thus, pave the way for real-time clinical pressure monitoring applications. The IAO optimization algorithm was implemented on a Logiq 9 (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI) scanner interfaced with a computer. The optimization algorithm stepped the ultrasound scanner from 0% to 100% IAO. A logistic equation fitting function was applied with the criterion of minimum least squared error between the fitted subharmonic amplitudes and the measured subharmonic amplitudes as a function of the IAO levels and the optimum IAO level was chosen corresponding to the inflection point calculated from the fitted data. The efficacy of the optimum IAO level was investigated for in vivo SHAPE to monitor portal vein (PV) pressures in 5 canines and was compared with the performance of IAO levels, below and above the optimum IAO level, for 4, 8 and 16 transmit cycles. The canines received a continuous infusion of Sonazoid microbubbles (1.5 ?l/kg/min; GE Healthcare, Oslo, Norway). PV pressures were obtained using a surgically introduced pressure catheter (Millar Instruments, Inc., Houston, TX) and were recorded before and after increasing PV pressures. The experiments showed that optimum IAO levels for SHAPE in the canines ranged from 6% to 40%. The best correlation between changes in PV pressures and in subharmonic amplitudes (r=-0.76; p=0.24), and between the absolute PV pressures and the subharmonic amplitudes (r=-0.89; p<0.01) were obtained for the optimized IAO and 4 transmit cycles. Only for the optimized IAO and 4 transmit cycles did the subharmonic amplitudes differ significantly (p<0.01) before and after increasing PV pressures. A new algorithm to identify optimum IAO levels for SHAPE has been developed and validated with the best results being obtained for 4 transmit cycles. The work presented in this study may pave the way for real-time clinical applications of estimating pressures using the subharmonic signals from ultrasound contrast agents. PMID:23347593

Dave, J K; Halldorsdottir, V G; Eisenbrey, J R; Merton, D A; Liu, J B; Machado, P; Zhao, H; Park, S; Dianis, S; Chalek, C L; Thomenius, K E; Brown, D B; Forsberg, F

2013-01-02

29

Computer-Aided Input/Output for the Use With Finite Element Structural Analyses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Th enormous computational ability of modern computers has encouraged development of the finite element method of structural analysis. However, preparation of the large amount of input data and interpretation of the large amount of output data generated by...

R. D. Rockwell

1973-01-01

30

The Design of a Micro Power Management System for Applications Using Photovoltaic Cells With the Maximum Output Power Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

An inductor-less on-chip micro power management system for light energy harvesting applications is presented. We target at wide variety of applications that operate at different lighting environments ranging from strong sunlight to dim indoor lighting where the output voltage from the photovoltaic cells is low. A step-up charge pump is used to directly operate the circuit or to charge a

Hui Shao; Chi-Ying Tsui; Wing-Hung Ki

2009-01-01

31

Class d LCsCp series-parallel resonant inverter with inherent maximum output power suitable for driving HPS lamps  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a design method for a class D series-parallel (LCsCp) resonant inverter suitable to drive high-intensity discharge lamps. The high voltage needed to achieve the ignition of the lamp is reached by using the gain voltage of the resonant LCsCp network with no auxiliary circuits for this purpose. By means of a soft start-up sequence the maximum voltage

C. Branas; Francisco J. Azcondo; Salvador Bracho

2000-01-01

32

Assessment of updated CAD without a new reader study: effect of calibration of computer output on the computer-aided reader performance in CADx  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is very resource-demanding to assess each new version of a CAD system through a new reader study. We conjecture that the aided reader performance on a new version can be predicted by using certain characteristics of the computer output and the reader study conducted when the CAD system was initially introduced. This would likely reduce the need for additional

Weijie Chen; Nicholas Petrick; Berkman Sahiner

2011-01-01

33

An analysis of the effects of functional communication and a Voice Output Communication Aid for a child with autism spectrum disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Functional Communication Training (FCT) and a Voice Output Communication Aid (VOCA) on the challenging behavior and language development of a 4-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder. The participant's mother implemented modified functional analysis (FA) and intervention procedures in Kerri's home. A multiple probe design across activities was used to

Melissa L. Olive; Russell B. Lang; Tonya N. Davis

2008-01-01

34

An Analysis of the Effects of Functional Communication and a Voice Output Communication Aid for a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Functional Communication Training (FCT) and a Voice Output Communication Aid (VOCA) on the challenging behavior and language development of a 4-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder. The participant's mother implemented modified functional analysis (FA) and intervention procedures in…

Olive, Melissa L.; Lang, Russell B.; Davis, Tonya N.

2008-01-01

35

Increasing communicative interactions of young children with autism using a voice output communication aid and naturalistic teaching.  

PubMed Central

We evaluated the effects of a voice output communication aid (VOCA) and naturalistic teaching procedures on the communicative interactions of young children with autism. A teacher and three assistants were taught to use naturalistic teaching strategies to provide opportunities for VOCA use in the context of regularly occurring classroom routines. Naturalistic teaching procedures and VOCA use were introduced in multiple probe fashion across 4 children and two classroom routines (snack and play). As the procedures were implemented, all children showed increases in communicative interactions using VOCAs. Also, there was no apparent reductive effect of VOCA use within the naturalistic teaching paradigm on other communicative behaviors. Teachers' ratings of children's VOCA communication, as well as ratings of a person unfamiliar with the children, supported the contextual appropriateness of the VOCA. Probes likewise indicated that the children used the VOCAs for a variety of different messages including requests, yes and no responses, statements, and social comments. Results are discussed in regard to the potential benefits of a VOCA when combined with naturalistic teaching procedures. Future research needs are also discussed, focusing on more precise identification of the attributes of VOCA use for children with autism, as well as for their support personnel.

Schepis, M M; Reid, D H; Behrmann, M M; Sutton, K A

1998-01-01

36

A model for predicting hearing aid performance.  

PubMed

A major problem in selecting a hearing aid is the inability to determine quickly and accurately, from manufacturers' data, the output speech and noise levels over the frequency range of interest and for arbitrary positions of hearing aid controls. This study demonstrates the feasibility of developing a model for a commercial hearing aid and the implementation of the model on a small desktop computer. With the model, output speech and noise levels can be predicted quickly and easily for any combination of control positions, even with the aid driven to saturation. The electroacoustic measurements required for development of the model and the schematic and mathematical models for the aid are presented. The validity of the model is demonstrated by comparing measured values of hearing aid gain, output noise levels, output speech levels and maximum output levels, with corresponding data from the computer model. PMID:6689376

Karzon, R G; Niemoeller, A F

1983-01-01

37

Computer-Aided Research in Machine TransLATION, D199. Improved Syntactic Flowcharts; Research Output Format.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Revision and updating of many of the syntactic flowcharts of Report no. 6, Appendix C. Description of the format of the Bunker-Ramo vertical research output and its syntactic blocking codes and translation instructions.

1965-01-01

38

Ranking Hearing Aid Input-Output Functions for Understanding Low-, Conversational-, and High-Level Speech in Multitalker Babble  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To determine the rankings of 6 input-output functions for understanding low-level, conversational, and high-level speech in multitalker babble without manipulating volume control for listeners with normal hearing, flat sensorineural hearing loss, and mildly sloping sensorineural hearing loss. Method: Peak clipping, compression limiting,…

Chung, King; Killion, Mead C.; Christensen, Laurel A.

2007-01-01

39

Automating Output Size and Reuse Metrics in a Repository-Based Computer-Aided Software Engineering (CASE) Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurement of software development productivity is needed in order to control software costs, but it is discouragingly labor-intensive and expensive. Computer-aided software engineering (CASE) technologies\\/spl minus\\/especially repository-based, integrated CASE\\/spl minus\\/have the potential to support the automation of this measurement. We discuss the conceptual basis for the development of automated analyzers for function point and software reuse measurement for object-based CASE.

Rajiv D. Banker; Robert J. Kauffman; Charles Wright; Dani Zweig

1994-01-01

40

CONTROL OF LASER RADIATION PARAMETERS: Optimisation of waveguide parameters of laser InGaAs/AlGaAs/GaAs heterostructures for obtaining the maximum beam width in the resonator and the maximum output power  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The waveguide design of a laser heterostructure is optimised to expand the laser beam in the vertical direction at the output mirror of a laser diode (up to 1.5 ?m at the half intensity for the zero mode). Experimental samples of such diodes operated in the cw transverse single-mode lasing regime up to the output power of 0.5 W. The radiation divergence was 11°—12° and 4°—7° in the vertical and horizontal directions, respectively.

Bogatov, A. P.; Gushchik, T. I.; Drakin, A. E.; Nekrasov, A. P.; Popovichev, V. V.

2008-10-01

41

A complex-weighted, decision-aided, maximum-likelihood carrier phase and frequency-offset estimation algorithm for coherent optical detection.  

PubMed

We present a symbol-by-symbol coherent optical receiver, which employs a novel, complex-weighted, decision-aided, maximum-likelihood (CW-DA-ML) carrier phase and frequency offset estimator. The CW-DA-ML carrier estimator uses a CW transversal filter to generate a carrier reference phasor, and the filter weights are automatically adapted on-line by linear regression on the observed signals. A complete modulo-R reduced frequency offset estimation (FOE) range of ± R/2 is achieved, independent of modulation format, where R is the symbol rate. Carrier phase and frequency tracking is achieved rapidly. The acquisition speed of frequency offset in quaternary phase-shift keying (4-PSK) signals is more than 5 times faster than that of differential FOE. A constant penalty of approximately 1 dB at bit-error rate of 10(-4) is demonstrated for all frequency offsets in 4-PSK signals with laser-linewidth-symbol-duration product of 8 × 10(-5). PMID:23037063

Meiyappan, Adaickalavan; Kam, Pooi-Yuen; Kim, Hoon

2012-08-27

42

CYCLOPS Objective Steering Model Output Statistics (COSMOS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

COSMOS is a statistical aid designed to assist the forecastor in interpreting CYCLOPS output. Using CYCLOPS (a geostrophic steering model) output in the unmodified prognostic mode for the 850, 700, and 500 mb levels, the model categorizes the forecast sit...

R. L. Allen

1984-01-01

43

Maximum windmill efficiency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Consideration is given to the maximum efficiency obtainable from a windmill as predicted by one-dimensional fluid flow theory. Considerations of the conservation of mass, energy and linear momentum for the one-dimensional flow of an incompressible fluid through an active windmill blade section are used to derive an expression for the windmill efficiency, or power coefficient, as a function of thrust force on the frame and mean stream velocity. It is noted that the present expression cannot be differentiated to obtain a theoretical maximum power output as was done by Betz (1927) on the basis of an incorrect statement of the energy balance.

Greet, R. J.

1980-09-01

44

Naval Tactical Decision Aids.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Various naval tactical decision aids (TDAs) are reviewed as to nature of inputs, outputs, and, in most cases, underlying models. The primary purpose is graduate instruction in operations research applied to development of TDAs. The principal categories of...

D. H. Wagner

1989-01-01

45

Are Output Fluctuations Transitory?  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the conventional view of the business cycle, fluctuations in output represent temporary deviations from trend. The purpose of this paper is to question this conventional view. If fluctuations in output are dominated by temporary deviations from the natural rate of output, then an unexpected change in output today should not substantially change one's forecast of output in, say,

John Y. Campbell; N. Gregory Mankiw

1987-01-01

46

Estimating Potential Output as a Latent Variable  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes a new method for estimating potential output in which potential real gross domestic product (GDP) is modeled as an unobserved stochastic trend, and deviations of GDP from potential affect inflation through an aggregate supply relationship. The output and inflation equations together form a bivariate unobserved-components model which is estimated via maximum likelihood through the use of the

Kenneth N. Kuttner

1994-01-01

47

Step motor control for maximum torque  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between the switching angle and the output torque of a step motor is derived, and the optimal angle, which maximized the output torque, is found. The resulting maximum torque, which varies with the velocity, is an upper limit for the torque that can be generated by the step motor.

J. Tal

1976-01-01

48

Generalized Radar Output Simulation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using the outputs from the simulation of overall body motion related to observations at a complex of earth stations, this report develops a model for generating the scattering matrix and radar output voltages. The general multistatic case is treated using...

J. F. A. Ormsby S. H. Bickel

1969-01-01

49

Understanding cardiac output  

PubMed Central

Cardiac output is the amount of blood the heart pumps in 1 minute, and it is dependent on the heart rate, contractility, preload, and afterload. Understanding of the applicability and practical relevance of each of these four components is important when interpreting cardiac output values. In the present article, we use a simple analogy comparing cardiac output with the speed of a bicycle to help appreciate better the effects of various disease processes and interventions on cardiac output and its four components.

Vincent, Jean-Louis

2008-01-01

50

50 CFR 259.34 - Minimum and maximum deposits; maximum time to deposit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AID TO FISHERIES CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION FUND Capital Construction Fund Agreement § 259.34 Minimum and maximum...

2012-10-01

51

Polymer waveguide output coupler  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Waveguide output couplers fabricated in Norlund Optical Adhesive (NOA) #81 are investigated. The output coupler is implemented using periodic relief gratings on a planar waveguide. Design theory of the coupler is based ont he perturbation approach. Coupling of light from waveguide propagation modes to output radiation modes is described by coupled mode theory and the transmission line approximation of the perturbed area (grating structure). Using these concepts, gratings can be accurately designed to output a minimum number of modes at desired output angles. Waveguide couplers were designed using these concepts. The couplers were fabricated and analyzed for structural accuracy, output beam accuracy, and output efficiency. Applications for these couplers include databus and clock distribution system interfaces requiring coupling to out-of- plane detectors.

Watson, Michael D.; Abushagur, Mustafa A.; Ashley, Paul R.; Johnson-Cole, Helen

1995-09-01

52

Maximum power point tracker using fuzzy control for photovoltaic arrays  

Microsoft Academic Search

The solar cell has an optimum operating point to be able to get the maximum power. To obtain the maximum power from a photovoltaic array, the photovoltaic power system usually requires a maximum power point tracking controller. This paper proposes a maximum power point tracking control of photovoltaic array using fuzzy control; the controller only uses the output power. Therefore,

Tomonobu Senjyu; Katsumi Uezato

1994-01-01

53

21 CFR 874.3330 - Master hearing aid.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...testing. It has adjustable acoustic output levels, such as those for gain, output, and frequency response. The device is used to select and adjust a person's wearable hearing aid. (b) Classification. Class...

2013-04-01

54

Hearing Aids  

MedlinePLUS

... Other Products and Devices to Improve Hearing Links - Hearing Aids • View movie about Hearing Aids (Requires Flash - ... For Government For Press Combination Products Advisory Committees Science & Research Regulatory Information Safety Emergency Preparedness International Programs ...

55

Visualization of Model Output  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visualization of output from mathematical or statistical models is one of the best ways to introduce introductory geoscience students to the results and behavior of sophisticated models. Example of good sites ...

56

What Is an Output?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recurrent idea in the history of psychology is that one is conscious of outputs but not of the complex processes underlying the generation of outputs, which is evident in the out-of-the-blue, “eureka-like” experiences associated with intuition. We examine how this idea may suffer from a logical fallacy and may thus have inadvertently hindered progress on the study of the

Ezequiel Morsella; John A. Bargh

2010-01-01

57

Determination of cardiac output by Doppler echocardiography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cardiac output determined by Doppler echocardiography was compared with that determined by thermodilution at rest and during dobutamine infusion in 10 patients (group A) and by the Fick method at rest in 11 patients (group B). All patients had angina pectoris without valvular heart disease. Maximum spatial blood velocity and cross sectional aortic area were estimated by the Doppler technique

H Ihlen; J P Amlie; J Dale; K Forfang; S Nitter-Hauge; J E Otterstad; S Simonsen; E Myhre

1984-01-01

58

Maximum power configuration for multireservoir chemical engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of a multireservoir isothermal endoreversible chemical engine is put forward in this paper. Optimal control theory is used to determine the optimal configuration of the multireservoir isothermal endoreversible chemical engine for maximum power output. The optimal cycle consists of two constant chemical potential branches and two instantaneous constant mass-flux branches, which is independent of the number of mass

Shaojun Xia; Lingen Chen; Fengrui Sun

2009-01-01

59

Linear output nitinol engine  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a linear output nitinol engine consisting of a number of integrated communicating parts. The engine has an external support framework which is described in detail. The patent further describes a wire transport mechanism, a pair of linkage levers with a loom secured to them, a number of nitinol wires strung between the looms, and a power takeoff block secured to the linkage levers. A pulley positioned in a flip-flop supporting bracket and a power takeoff modality including a tension member connected to a power output cable in order to provide linear power output transmission is described. A method for biasing the timing and the mechanism for timing the synchronization of the throw over arms and the flip-flop of the pulley are also described.

Banks, R.M.

1986-01-14

60

AIDS Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

UNAIDS (The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) and the World Bank worked together to create the AIDS Economics site to help improve understanding of the economics of HIV/AIDS and to "help researchers and policymakers in developing countries to define and implement humane, cost-effective policies to fight the disease." The highlight of the site is the summary of the findings and statistical appendices from Confronting AIDS: Public Priorities in a Global Epidemic, a World Bank report. The full text of the report will be available shortly. The site also features a toolkit to assist consultants in assessing the implications of HIV/AIDS in the distribution of development assistance. Visitors to the site can also sign up for AIDS Economics, a free electronic newsletter.

1998-01-01

61

Output power modulated wind responsive apparatus  

SciTech Connect

A wind responsive power generating apparatus is disclosed, which comprises a pair of normally mutually orthagonal cross arms carrying impeller members that apply torque to a load through an output shaft. The power output of the apparatus is reduced from maximum by reducing the angle between adjacent cross arms and simultaneously rotating impeller members about corresponding cross arm axes to provide air spillthrough. The impellers are selectively vented by valves to reduce drag as each impeller member swings upstream. Operation of the valves is synchronized to impeller rotation and wind direction by a synchronization device. Various different types of impeller members and applications are disclosed.

Benton, W. M.

1983-12-06

62

Aid Effectiveness Research: Assessing Aid  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The latest in a series of World Bank Policy Research Reports, this major new report summarizes the findings of a multi-year research program on aid effectiveness. The 1990s has seen official Development Assistance fall by one-third in real terms. One of the reasons for this has been "a sense that aid does not work very well. Assessing Aid aims to understand when aid works and when it does not, so that the lessons can be used to make aid more effective." The report identifies two key components of aid -- money and ideas -- and discusses how and when they can best be applied to promote developing economies. Users can read a detailed overview in HTML or download the full text of the report in .pdf format. Additional resources at the site include a PowerPoint slide presentation and a news release in several languages.

Dollar, David.; Pritchett, Lant.

1998-01-01

63

PHYTOSANITARY REGULATION AND AGRICULTURAL FLOWS: TOBACCO INPUTS AND CIGARETTES OUTPUTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effects of the use of increasingly-popular phytosanitary regulations on production costs, and output and factor trade flows. The case addressed is that of the European regulation of maximum chemical residues in cigarettes manufactured with tobacco containing maleic hydrazide. The paper presents simulations of the effects of tightening the input\\/output market linkages and on the substitution away

Benny Overton; John C. Beghin; William E. Foster

1995-01-01

64

On design of low-noise adaptive output drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper new findings to design fast and low noise generating CMOS output drivers are presented. The adaptive technique applied not only reduces power-rail noise, but also removes overshoots and unnecessary switching. A new multistage output driver is compared to four standard designs for time delay, maximum dynamic current and power-rail noise under various loading conditions. A comparison of

J. Povazanec; C. S. Choy; C. F. Chan

1999-01-01

65

Input\\/output norms in general linear systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Upper bounds on the induced norm of the input\\/output operators in linear systems with L2 input and output signals, are provided. The main idea is to transform the original problem into a parametized set of indefinite LQ optimization problems. Using the classical maximum principle, the existence of solutions to the latter is equivalent to the solvability of a boundary value

GILEAD TADMOR

1990-01-01

66

Microwave generated electrodeless lamp for producing bright output  

Microsoft Academic Search

A microwave generated electrodeless light source for producing a bright output comprising a lamp structure including a microwave chamber and a plasma medium-containing lamp envelope having a maximum dimension which is substantially less than a wavelength disposed therein. To provide the desired radiation output the interior of the chamber is coated with a UV-reflective material and the chamber has an

Ch. H. Wood; M. G. Ury

1985-01-01

67

Maximum Likelihood Stereo Matching  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the research literature, maximum likelihood principles were applied to stereo matching by altering the stereo pair so that the difference would have a Gaussian distribution. Here in this paper we present a novel method of applying maximum likelihood to stereo matching. In our approach, we measure the real noise distribution from a training set, and then construct a new

Nicu Sebe; Michael S. Lew

2000-01-01

68

Generalized multirate-output controllers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies controllers employing multirate sampling of the plant output (Hagiwara and Araki 1988 a). Specifically, it is shown that arbitrary pole assignment is possible by a multirate output sampling mechanism with smaller output multiplicities if a multiframe control law is introduced. We refer to the new control law as the generalized multirate-output controller. It is also shown that

TOMOMICHI HAGIWARA; TOSHIFUMI FUJIMURA; MITUHIKO ARAKI

1990-01-01

69

Hearing Aids  

MedlinePLUS

... cells. This type of hearing loss is called sensorineural hearing loss. The damage can occur as a result of ... that they can be detected by individuals with sensorineural hearing loss. A bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) is a ...

70

Hoodia Maximum Strength  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... reviewed your web site at the Internet address http://www.life-all.com and has determined that the product “Hoodia Maximum Strength” is promoted ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

71

Maximum</span> 255 Characters)></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://google2.fda.gov/search?client=FDAgov&site=FDAgov&lr=&proxystylesheet=FDAgov&output=xml_no_dtd&&proxycustom=%3CADVANCED/%3E">Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Text Version... shorter periods of euthymia, greater likelihood of suicide ... tolerated doses and the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> tolerable dose ... N Mean (SD) Median Min/ Max (95% CI ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">72</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1455682"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> ratio transmission</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper presents the concept, principles, and analysis of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> ratio transmission for wireless communications, where multiple antennas are used for both transmission and reception. The principles and analysis are applicable to general cases, including <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-ratio combining. Simulation results agree with the analysis. The analysis shows that the average overall signal-to-mise ratio (SNR) is proportional to the cross correlation between</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Titus K. Y. Lo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">73</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3121886"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDED</span> CORTICAL AUDITORY EVOKED POTENTIALS IN RESPONSE TO CHANGES IN HEARING <span class="hlt">AID</span> GAIN</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">OBJECTIVE There is interest in using cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) to evaluate hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> fittings and experience-related plasticity associated with amplification; however, little is known about hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> signal processing effects on these responses. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of clinically relevant hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> gain settings, and the resulting in-the-canal signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), on the latency and amplitude of P1, N1, and P2 waves. DESIGN & SAMPLE Evoked potentials and in-the-canal acoustic measures were recorded in nine normal-hearing adults in unaided and <span class="hlt">aided</span> conditions. In the <span class="hlt">aided</span> condition, a 40-dB signal was delivered to a hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> programmed to provide four levels of gain (0, 10, 20, and 30 dB). As a control, unaided stimulus levels were matched to <span class="hlt">aided</span> condition <span class="hlt">outputs</span> (i.e., 40, 50, 60, and 70 dB) for comparison purposes. RESULTS When signal levels are defined in terms of <span class="hlt">output</span> level, <span class="hlt">aided</span> CAEPs were surprisingly smaller and delayed relative to unaided CAEPs, likely resulting from increases to noise levels caused by the hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span>. DISCUSSION These results reinforce the notion that hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> modify stimulus characteristics such as SNR, which in turn affects the CAEP in a way that does not reliably reflect hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> gain.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Billings, Curtis J.; Tremblay, Kelly L.; Miller, Christi W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">74</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28808148"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Strength and Strength Training - A Relationship to Endurance?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Endurance can be defined as the ability to maintain or to repeat a given force or power <span class="hlt">output</span>. The sport performance-endurance relationship is a multi-factorial concept. However, evidence indicates that <span class="hlt">maximum</span> strength is a major component. Conceptually, endurance is a continuum. The literature indicates that (a) <span class="hlt">maximum</span> strength is moderately to strongly related to endurance capabilities and associated factors, a</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Michael H. Stone; William A Sands; Kyle C Pierce; Robert U Newton; G Gregory Haff; Jon Carlock</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">75</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12349802"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> wars.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Several evidences were presented during the meeting in London entitled "Origins of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and the HIV epidemic," debating the idea that <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> was an accidental result of a polio vaccination campaign conducted by a virologist, Hilary Koprowski, and colleagues in the late 1950s among thousands of people in the Belgian Congo. The meeting carefully examined the CHAT theory presented by a writer, Edward Hooper, in his book "The River" and has raised questions on the correlation between vaccination sites and early records of HIV-1, and on the estimated amount of HIV particles that would get through each stage of the process of creating CHAT. Overall, the meeting agreed to reject the CHAT theory of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> for it has no basis, since Koprowski and colleagues denied the use of chimpanzee kidneys, which Hooper openly suggests in his book. The meeting noted that the disease's origins remain a mystery. PMID:12349802</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">76</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1585575"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> likelihood pitch estimation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method for estimating the pitch period of voiced speech sounds is developed based on a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood (ML) formulation. It is capable of resolution finer than one sampling period and is shown to perform better in the presence of noise than the cepstrum method.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. Wise; J. Caprio; T. Parks</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1976-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">77</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/188840"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy Discrimination</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present a general framework for discriminative estimation based on the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropyprinciple and its extensions. All calculations involve distributions over structures and\\/orparameters rather than specic settings and reduce to relative entropy projections. This holdseven when the data is not separable within the chosen parametric class, in the context of anomalydetection rather than classication, or when the labels in the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tommi Jaakkola; Marina Meila; Tony Jebara</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">78</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/72711p13425r1253.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Finding <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Convex Polygons</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper considers the situation where one is given a finite set of n points in the plane each of which is labeled either positive or negative. The problem is to find a bounded convex polygon of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> area, the vertices of which are positive points and which does not contain any negative point. It is shown that this problem</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paul Fischer; Lehrstuhl Informatik II</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">79</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013JEMat.tmp..535Y"> <span id="translatedtitle">Achieving <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Power in Thermoelectric Generation with Simple Power Electronics</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A thermoelectric generator typically delivers a relatively low power <span class="hlt">output</span>, and hence it is of great practical importance to determine a design and operating condition close to those which can provide the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> attainable power. To maintain a favorable condition for the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power <span class="hlt">output</span>, power electronics circuits are usually applied. One of the simplest methods is to control the operating voltage at half the open-circuit voltage, assuming that the typical impedance-matching condition, in which the load and internal resistances are matched, yields the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power <span class="hlt">output</span>. However, recent investigations have shown that, when external thermal resistances exist between the thermoelectric modules and thermal reservoirs, the impedance-matching condition is not identical to the condition for the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power <span class="hlt">output</span>. In this article, it is argued that, although the impedance-matching condition is not the condition for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power <span class="hlt">output</span>, the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power is still achievable when the operating voltage is kept at half the open-circuit voltage. More precisely, it is shown that the typical V-I curve for thermoelectric generators must show approximately linear behavior, which justifies the use of a simple strategy in thermoelectric power generation applications. The conditions for the validity of the approximation are mathematically discussed, supported by a few examples. Experimental evidence at room temperature is also provided.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Youn, Nari; Lee, Hohyun; Wee, Daehyun; Gomez, Miguel; Reid, Rachel; Ohara, Brandon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">80</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ia.usu.edu/viewproject.php?project=ia:2268"> <span id="translatedtitle">FIRST <span class="hlt">AID</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">DESK Standard: Understand basic first-<span class="hlt">aid</span> principles. . DATES: You can begin this activity on April 23. You should complete it by April 27. OBJECTIVE: Have you ever been in a situation where someone was hurt and you weren\\'t sure what to do? It can be very scary. The objective of this lesson is ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hughes, Mr.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-03-05</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a 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onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">81</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=television+AND+in+AND+the+AND+classroom&pg=7&id=EJ767757"> <span id="translatedtitle">Classroom <span class="hlt">Aids</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This article describes 6 <span class="hlt">aids</span> for science instruction, including (1) the use of fudge to represent lava; (2) the "Living by Chemistry" program, designed to make high school chemistry more accessible to a diverse pool of students without sacrificing content; (3) NOAA and NSTA's online coral reef teaching tool, a new web-based "science toolbox" for…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Science Activities: Classroom Projects and Curriculum Ideas, 2007</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">82</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.aidsinfonet.org/fact_sheets/view/159"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Vaccines</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Home Fact Sheet Categories Internet Bookmarks on <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Have Questions? Printing & Downloading Fact Sheets Permission to Use Fact Sheets Sponsors and Advertising Privacy Policy Project Staff Contact Us This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here . Site ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">83</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2654971"> <span id="translatedtitle">Towards structured <span class="hlt">output</span> prediction of enzyme function</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background In this paper we describe work in progress in developing kernel methods for enzyme function prediction. Our focus is in developing so called structured <span class="hlt">output</span> prediction methods, where the enzymatic reaction is the combinatorial target object for prediction. We compared two structured <span class="hlt">output</span> prediction methods, the Hierarchical Max-Margin Markov algorithm (HM3) and the <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Margin Regression algorithm (MMR) in hierarchical classification of enzyme function. As sequence features we use various string kernels and the GTG feature set derived from the global alignment trace graph of protein sequences. Results In our experiments, in predicting enzyme EC classification we obtain over 85% accuracy (predicting the four digit EC code) and over 91% microlabel F1 score (predicting individual EC digits). In predicting the Gold Standard enzyme families, we obtain over 79% accuracy (predicting family correctly) and over 89% microlabel F1 score (predicting superfamilies and families). In the latter case, structured <span class="hlt">output</span> methods are significantly more accurate than nearest neighbor classifier. A polynomial kernel over the GTG feature set turned out to be a prerequisite for accurate function prediction. Combining GTG with string kernels boosted accuracy slightly in the case of EC class prediction. Conclusion Structured <span class="hlt">output</span> prediction with GTG features is shown to be computationally feasible and to have accuracy on par with state-of-the-art approaches in enzyme function prediction.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Astikainen, Katja; Holm, Liisa; Pitkanen, Esa; Szedmak, Sandor; Rousu, Juho</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">84</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/k72wr3531t5123x6.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effects of Synthetic Speech <span class="hlt">Output</span> and Orthographic Feedback on Spelling in a Student with Autism: A Preliminary Study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The effects of speech <span class="hlt">output</span> and orthographic feedback on spelling performance were evaluated in this preliminary study. A nonspeaking student with autism was taught to spell words under three feedback conditions using a voice <span class="hlt">output</span> communication <span class="hlt">aid</span>. In the auditory-visual condition, the participant received speech <span class="hlt">output</span> and orthographic feedback. In the visual condition, the participant received only the orthographic feedback.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ralf W. Schlosser; Doreen M. Blischak; Phillip J. Belfiore; Clair Bartley; Nanette Barnett</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">85</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50805139"> <span id="translatedtitle">Artificial neural network-based <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking control for variable speed wind energy conversion systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A new <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking (MPPT) controller using artificial neural networks (ANN) for variable speed wind energy conversion system (WECS) is proposed. The algorithm uses Jordan recurrent ANN and is trained online using back propagation. The inputs to the networks are the instantaneous <span class="hlt">output</span> power, <span class="hlt">maximum</span> <span class="hlt">output</span> power, rotor speed and wind speed, and the <span class="hlt">output</span> is the rotor</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. S. Thongam; P. Bouchard; H. Ezzaidi; M. Ouhrouche</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">86</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.slpa.neu.edu/people/schlosser/8_Schlosser2003.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Roles of Speech <span class="hlt">Output</span> in Augmentative and Alternative Communication: Narrative Review</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Speech <span class="hlt">output</span> from speech-generating devices (SGD) and SGD software, such as talking word processors, has changed the landscape of options for <span class="hlt">aided</span> communication. The purpose of this paper is to review and critique research into the roles of speech <span class="hlt">output</span> for communication partners, learners, and learner-partner dyads. Research on partner - oriented roles is reviewed in terms of attitudes and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">RALF W. SCHLOSSER</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">87</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1024164"> <span id="translatedtitle">Serial Input <span class="hlt">Output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Serial Input/<span class="hlt">Output</span> (SIO) is designed to be a long term storage format of a sophistication somewhere between simple ASCII files and the techniques provided by inter alia Objectivity and Root. The former tend to be low density, information lossy (floating point numbers lose precision) and inflexible. The latter require abstract descriptions of the data with all that that implies in terms of extra complexity. The basic building blocks of SIO are streams, records and blocks. Streams provide the connections between the program and files. The user can define an arbitrary list of streams as required. A given stream must be opened for either reading or writing. SIO does not support read/write streams. If a stream is closed during the execution of a program, it can be reopened in either read or write mode to the same or a different file. Records represent a coherent grouping of data. Records consist of a collection of blocks (see next paragraph). The user can define a variety of records (headers, events, error logs, etc.) and request that any of them be written to any stream. When SIO reads a file, it first decodes the record name and if that record has been defined and unpacking has been requested for it, SIO proceeds to unpack the blocks. Blocks are user provided objects which do the real work of reading/writing the data. The user is responsible for writing the code for these blocks and for identifying these blocks to SIO at run time. To write a collection of blocks, the user must first connect them to a record. The record can then be written to a stream as described above. Note that the same block can be connected to many different records. When SIO reads a record, it scans through the blocks written and calls the corresponding block object (if it has been defined) to decode it. Undefined blocks are skipped. Each of these categories (streams, records and blocks) have some characteristics in common. Every stream, record and block has a name with the condition that each stream, record or block name must be unique in its category (i.e. all streams must have different names, but a stream can have the same name as a record). Each category is an arbitrary length list which is handled by a 'manager' and there is one manager for each category.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Waite, Anthony; /SLAC</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-09-07</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">88</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19661421"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Last Glacial <span class="hlt">Maximum</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We used 5704 14C, 10Be, and 3He ages that span the interval from 10,000 to 50,000 years ago (10 to 50 ka) to constrain the timing of the Last Glacial <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> (LGM) in terms of global ice-sheet and mountain-glacier extent. Growth of the ice sheets to their <span class="hlt">maximum</span> positions occurred between 33.0 and 26.5 ka in response to climate forcing from decreases in northern summer insolation, tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures, and atmospheric CO2. Nearly all ice sheets were at their LGM positions from 26.5 ka to 19 to 20 ka, corresponding to minima in these forcings. The onset of Northern Hemisphere deglaciation 19 to 20 ka was induced by an increase in northern summer insolation, providing the source for an abrupt rise in sea level. The onset of deglaciation of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet occurred between 14 and 15 ka, consistent with evidence that this was the primary source for an abrupt rise in sea level approximately 14.5 ka. PMID:19661421</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Clark, Peter U; Dyke, Arthur S; Shakun, Jeremy D; Carlson, Anders E; Clark, Jorie; Wohlfarth, Barbara; Mitrovica, Jerry X; Hostetler, Steven W; McCabe, A Marshall</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">89</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1172873"> <span id="translatedtitle">The last glacial <span class="hlt">maximum</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We used 5704 14C, 10Be, and 3He ages that span the interval from 10,000 to 50,000 years ago (10 to 50 ka) to constrain the timing of the Last Glacial <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> (LGM) in terms of global ice-sheet and mountain-glacier extent. Growth of the ice sheets to their <span class="hlt">maximum</span> positions occurred between 33.0 and 26.5 ka in response to climate forcing from decreases in northern summer insolation, tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures, and atmospheric CO2. Nearly all ice sheets were at their LGM positions from 26.5 ka to 19 to 20 ka, corresponding to minima in these forcings. The onset of Northern Hemisphere deglaciation 19 to 20 ka was induced by an increase in northern summer insolation, providing the source for an abrupt rise in sea level. The onset of deglaciation of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet occurred between 14 and 15 ka, consistent with evidence that this was the primary source for an abrupt rise in sea level ???14.5 ka.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Clark, P. U.; Dyke, A. S.; Shakun, J. D.; Carlson, A. E.; Clark, J.; Wohlfarth, B.; Mitrovica, J. X.; Hostetler, S. W.; McCabe, A. M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">90</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=io&pg=5&id=EJ352365"> <span id="translatedtitle">Comparison of Onset and Steady-State Responses of Hearing <span class="hlt">Aids</span>: Implications for Use of the Auditory Brainstem Response in the Selection of Hearing <span class="hlt">Aids</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Input-<span class="hlt">output</span> (I/O) functions of hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> were measured in response to a 2000 Hz tone burst, having 0.5 ms rise/fall time and 10 ms duration. Findings indicated that the steady-state <span class="hlt">output</span> limitation characteristics of hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> cannot be estimated from their onset responses. (Author/DB)|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gorga, Michael P.; And Others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">91</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/56958686"> <span id="translatedtitle">Challenges of overcurrent protection devices in photovoltaic arrays brought by <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracker</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper discusses the challenges of overcurrent protection devices (OCPD) brought by the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracker (MPPT) of the centralized grid-connected inverter in a photovoltaic (PV) array. Since PV arrays have non-linear <span class="hlt">output</span> characteristics, MPPT algorithms of PV inverters are often used to harvest the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> <span class="hlt">output</span> power from PV arrays. Most MPPTs are designed to respond to unexpected</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ye Zhao; Brad Lehman; Jean-Francois de Palma; Jerry Mosesian; Robert Lyons</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">92</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50970109"> <span id="translatedtitle">Microcontroller based intelligent DC\\/DC converter to track <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Power Point for solar photovoltaic module</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Power Point Tracking (MPPT) is widely used control technique to extract <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power available from the solar cell of photovoltaic (PV) module. Since the solar cells have non-linear i-v characteristics. The efficiency of PV module is very low and power <span class="hlt">output</span> depends on solar insolation level and ambient temperature, so maximization of power <span class="hlt">output</span> with greater efficiency is of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Y. P. Siwakoti; Bhupendra Bimal Chhetri; Brijesh Adhikary; Diwakar Bista</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">93</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001Entrp...3..191H"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy Fundamentals</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In its modern formulation, the <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy Principle was promoted by E.T. Jaynes, starting in the mid-fifties. The principle dictates that one should look for a distribution, consistent with available information, which maximizes the entropy. However, this principle focuses only on distributions and it appears advantageous to bring information theoretical thinking more prominently into play by also focusing on the "observer" and on coding. This view was brought forward by the second named author in the late seventies and is the view we will follow-up on here. It leads to the consideration of a certain game, the Code Length Game and, via standard game theoretical thinking, to a principle of Game Theoretical Equilibrium. This principle is more basic than the <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy Principle in the sense that the search for one type of optimal strategies in the Code Length Game translates directly into the search for distributions with <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy. In the present paper we offer a self-contained and comprehensive treatment of fundamentals of both principles mentioned, based on a study of the Code Length Game. Though new concepts and results are presented, the reading should be instructional and accessible to a rather wide audience, at least if certain mathematical details are left aside at a rst reading. The most frequently studied instance of entropy maximization pertains to the Mean Energy Model which involves a moment constraint related to a given function, here taken to represent "energy". This type of application is very well known from the literature with hundreds of applications pertaining to several different elds and will also here serve as important illustration of the theory. But our approach reaches further, especially regarding the study of continuity properties of the entropy function, and this leads to new results which allow a discussion of models with so-called entropy loss. These results have tempted us to speculate over the development of natural languages. In fact, we are able to relate our theoretical findings to the empirically found Zipf's law which involves statistical aspects of words in a language. The apparent irregularity inherent in models with entropy loss turns out to imply desirable stability properties of languages.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Harremoeës, P.; Topsøe, F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">94</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/37924817"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> Growth Volatility and Remittances</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Output</span> growth volatility has negative effects on growth, poverty and welfare. The empirical literature has therefore searched for country?specific factors affecting volatility and focused on financial development, policy distortions, trade and financial openness. Using the same empirical framework, we focus on migrants' remittances that can help to reduce <span class="hlt">output</span> growth volatility thanks to their size, stability and low procyclicality. In</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">MATTEO BUGAMELLI</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">95</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/60626719"> <span id="translatedtitle">Quantifying PV power <span class="hlt">Output</span> Variability</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper presents a novel approach to rigorously quantify power <span class="hlt">Output</span> Variability from a fleet of photovoltaic (PV) systems, ranging from a single central station to a set of distributed PV systems. The approach demonstrates that the relative power <span class="hlt">Output</span> Variability for a fleet of identical PV systems (same size, orientation, and spacing) can be quantified by identifying the number</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thomas E. Hoff; Richard Perez</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">96</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/doepatents/details.jsp?query_id=0&page=0&ostiID=870762"> <span id="translatedtitle">Enhanced performance CCD <span class="hlt">output</span> amplifier</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A low-noise FET amplifier is connected to amplify <span class="hlt">output</span> charge from a che coupled device (CCD). The FET has its gate connected to the CCD in common source configuration for receiving the <span class="hlt">output</span> charge signal from the CCD and <span class="hlt">output</span> an intermediate signal at a drain of the FET. An intermediate amplifier is connected to the drain of the FET for receiving the intermediate signal and <span class="hlt">outputting</span> a low-noise signal functionally related to the <span class="hlt">output</span> charge signal from the CCD. The amplifier is preferably connected as a virtual ground to the FET drain. The inherent shunt capacitance of the FET is selected to be at least equal to the sum of the remaining capacitances.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dunham, Mark E. (Los Alamos, NM); Morley, David W. (Santa Fe, NM)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">97</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://patft1.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-adv.htm&r=1&p=1&f=G&l=50&d=PTXT&S1=%22Pat+flanagan%22&OS=%22+Pat+flanagan%22&RS=%22+Pat+flanagan%22"> <span id="translatedtitle">Meditation <span class="hlt">aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://patft.uspto.gov/netahtml/PTO/search-adv.htm">US Patent & Trademark Office Database</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A meditation <span class="hlt">aid</span> is provided which has a rigid frame whose periphery defines a geometric shape. A plurality of identical flexible means for suspending the frame are attached to it and joined at a single point. The suspending means and frame define a three dimensional geometric figure such as a cone, pyramid or the like. Means are provided for adjusting the distance from the joinder point to the frame along with means for hanging the flexible means from a superstructure. Further means are provided for raising and lowering the frame.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1979-09-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">98</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22257751"> <span id="translatedtitle">Characterizing the effects of cell settling on bioprinter <span class="hlt">output</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The time variation in bioprinter <span class="hlt">output</span>, i.e. the number of cells per printed drop, was studied over the length of a typical printing experiment. This variation impacts the cell population size of bioprinted samples, which should ideally be consistent. The variation in <span class="hlt">output</span> was specifically studied in the context of cell settling. The bioprinter studied is based on the thermal inkjet HP26A cartridge; however, the results are relevant to other cell delivery systems that draw fluid from a reservoir. A simple mathematical model suggests that the cell concentration in the bottom of the reservoir should increase linearly over time, up to some <span class="hlt">maximum</span>, and that the cell <span class="hlt">output</span> should be proportional to this concentration. Two studies were performed in which D1 murine stem cells and similarly sized polystyrene latex beads were printed. The bead <span class="hlt">output</span> profiles were consistent with the model. The cell <span class="hlt">output</span> profiles initially followed the increasing trend predicted by the settling model, but after several minutes the cell <span class="hlt">output</span> peaked and then decreased. The decrease in cell <span class="hlt">output</span> was found to be associated with the number of use cycles the cartridge had experienced. The differing results for beads and cells suggest that a biological process, such as adhesion, causes the decrease in cell <span class="hlt">output</span>. Further work will be required to identify the exact process. PMID:22257751</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pepper, Matthew E; Seshadri, Vidya; Burg, Timothy C; Burg, Karen J L; Groff, Richard E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-18</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">99</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/26115158"> <span id="translatedtitle">A silicon potentiometer for hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An angledetector with a digital <span class="hlt">output</span> is described. The component is meant as an alternative to the traditional slide potentiometer used as volume control in many hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> applications. The component is based on the use of magnetic field sensitive MOSFET's (MAGFET's) detecting the position of a tiny bar magnet placed above a silicon chip. Because of the galvanic separation</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thomas Kaulberg; Gudmundur Bogason</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">100</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=AD772277"> <span id="translatedtitle">Machine-<span class="hlt">Aided</span> Indexing of Technical Literature.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A machine-<span class="hlt">aided</span> indexing (MAI) system is described that indexes one million words of text per hour of CPU time. Grammatical errors do not exceed five per cent of the <span class="hlt">output</span>, so human screening is satisfactorily low. The system could potentially scale up t...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">P. H. Klingbiel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1973-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">101</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3184154"> <span id="translatedtitle">Predicting <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Lake Depth from Surrounding Topography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Information about lake morphometry (e.g., depth, volume, size, etc.) <span class="hlt">aids</span> understanding of the physical and ecological dynamics of lakes, yet is often not readily available. The data needed to calculate measures of lake morphometry, particularly lake depth, are usually collected on a lake-by-lake basis and are difficult to obtain across broad regions. To span the gap between studies of individual lakes where detailed data exist and regional studies where access to useful data on lake depth is unavailable, we developed a method to predict <span class="hlt">maximum</span> lake depth from the slope of the topography surrounding a lake. We use the National Elevation Dataset and the National Hydrography Dataset – Plus to estimate the percent slope of surrounding lakes and use this information to predict <span class="hlt">maximum</span> lake depth. We also use field measured <span class="hlt">maximum</span> lake depths from the US EPA's National Lakes Assessment to empirically adjust and cross-validate our predictions. We were able to predict <span class="hlt">maximum</span> depth for ?28,000 lakes in the Northeastern United States with an average cross-validated RMSE of 5.95 m and 5.09 m and average correlation of 0.82 and 0.69 for Hydrological Unit Code Regions 01 and 02, respectively. The depth predictions and the scripts are openly available as supplements to this manuscript.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hollister, Jeffrey W.; Milstead, W. Bryan; Urrutia, M. Andrea</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">102</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21984945"> <span id="translatedtitle">Predicting <span class="hlt">maximum</span> lake depth from surrounding topography.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Information about lake morphometry (e.g., depth, volume, size, etc.) <span class="hlt">aids</span> understanding of the physical and ecological dynamics of lakes, yet is often not readily available. The data needed to calculate measures of lake morphometry, particularly lake depth, are usually collected on a lake-by-lake basis and are difficult to obtain across broad regions. To span the gap between studies of individual lakes where detailed data exist and regional studies where access to useful data on lake depth is unavailable, we developed a method to predict <span class="hlt">maximum</span> lake depth from the slope of the topography surrounding a lake. We use the National Elevation Dataset and the National Hydrography Dataset - Plus to estimate the percent slope of surrounding lakes and use this information to predict <span class="hlt">maximum</span> lake depth. We also use field measured <span class="hlt">maximum</span> lake depths from the US EPA's National Lakes Assessment to empirically adjust and cross-validate our predictions. We were able to predict <span class="hlt">maximum</span> depth for ?28,000 lakes in the Northeastern United States with an average cross-validated RMSE of 5.95 m and 5.09 m and average correlation of 0.82 and 0.69 for Hydrological Unit Code Regions 01 and 02, respectively. The depth predictions and the scripts are openly available as supplements to this manuscript. PMID:21984945</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hollister, Jeffrey W; Milstead, W Bryan; Urrutia, M Andrea</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-09-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">103</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nyu.edu/fas/institute/dri/Easterly/File/carteljan2003.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The cartel of good intentions: The problem of bureaucracy in foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Well-meaning national and international bureaucracies dispense foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> under conditions in which bureaucracy fails. The environment that created <span class="hlt">aid</span> bureaucracies led those organizations to (a) define their <span class="hlt">output</span> as money disbursed rather than service delivered, (b) produce many low-return observable <span class="hlt">outputs</span> (glossy reports and \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">William Easterly</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">104</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50475867"> <span id="translatedtitle">A new control method of permanent magnet generator for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power tracking in wind turbine application</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper discusses a new and simple control method for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power tracking in a variable speed wind turbine by using a step-up dc-dc converter. The <span class="hlt">output</span> voltage of permanent magnet generator is connected to a fixed dc-link through a three-phase rectifier and the dc-dc converter. A <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power-tracking algorithm calculates the speed command that corresponds to <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power <span class="hlt">output</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">R. Esmaili; L. Xu; D. K. Nichols</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">105</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/39291083"> <span id="translatedtitle">Adaptive feedback cancellation in hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> using the IPLS algorithm</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> suffer from the presence of a positive feedback loop between the <span class="hlt">output</span> transducer and microphone. This feedback reduces both the stable gain achievable in the forward path as well as the sound quality of the <span class="hlt">output</span>. Existing solutions to this problem perform feedback cancellation using adaptive filtering. The most common methods of adaptive filtering use the Least Mean</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Randall S. Plate; Yongchao Wang; Zhi-Quan Luo; Chris Gao</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">106</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993nasa.reptW....L"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> optics for laser velocimeters</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Space savings are effected in the optical <span class="hlt">output</span> system of a laser velocimeter. The <span class="hlt">output</span> system is comprised of pairs of optical fibers having <span class="hlt">output</span> ends from which a beam of laser light emerges, a transfer lens for each light beam, and at least one final (LV) lens for receiving the light passing through the transfer lenses and for focussing that light at a common crossing point or area. In order to closely couple the transfer lenses to the final lens, each transfer lens is positioned relative to the final lens receiving light therefrom such that the <span class="hlt">output</span> waist of the corresponding beam received by the final lens from the transfer lens is a virtual waist located before the transfer lens.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lynch, Dana H.; Gunter, William D.; McAlister, Kenneth W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">107</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/61395794"> <span id="translatedtitle">China: <span class="hlt">output</span> grows with modernization</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In 1978, China's coal mining industry achieved an <span class="hlt">output</span> of 618,000,000 metric tons of raw hard coal, an increase of 128,000,000 tons compared with 1977. This has been achieved primarily by increased new mine development and the modernizaion and expansion of existing mines. While 96% of China's coal is currently produced from underground mines, only 33% of this <span class="hlt">output</span> is</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dorling</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1979-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">108</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1460794"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Likelihood Receiver for Multiple Channel Transmission Systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood (ML) estimator for digital sequences disturbed by Gaussian noise, intersymbol interference (ISI) and interchannel interference (ICI) is derived. It is shown that the sampled <span class="hlt">outputs</span> of the multiple matched filter (MMF) form a set of sufficient statistics for estimating the input vector sequence. Two ML vector sequence estimation algorithms are presented. One makes use of the sampled</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">W. van Etten</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1976-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">109</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/56406829"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> wind energy extraction strategies using power electronic converters</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This thesis focuses on <span class="hlt">maximum</span> wind energy extraction strategies for achieving the highest energy <span class="hlt">output</span> of variable speed wind turbine power generation systems. Power electronic converters and controls provide the basic platform to accomplish the research of this thesis in both hardware and software aspects. In order to send wind energy to a utility grid, a variable speed wind turbine</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Quincy Qing Wang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">110</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/13909646"> <span id="translatedtitle">Comparative study of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking algorithms</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> power point trackers (MPPTs) play an important role in photovoltaic (PV) power systems because they maximize the power <span class="hlt">output</span> from a PV system for a given set of conditions, and therefore maximize the array efficiency. Thus, an MPPT can minimize the overall system cost. MPPTs find and maintain operation at the maxi- mum power point, using an MPPTalgorithm. Many</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. P. Hohm; M. E. Ropp</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">111</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21350409"> <span id="translatedtitle">Quantifying PV power <span class="hlt">Output</span> Variability</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper presents a novel approach to rigorously quantify power <span class="hlt">Output</span> Variability from a fleet of photovoltaic (PV) systems, ranging from a single central station to a set of distributed PV systems. The approach demonstrates that the relative power <span class="hlt">Output</span> Variability for a fleet of identical PV systems (same size, orientation, and spacing) can be quantified by identifying the number of PV systems and their Dispersion Factor. The Dispersion Factor is a new variable that captures the relationship between PV Fleet configuration, Cloud Transit Speed, and the Time Interval over which variability is evaluated. Results indicate that Relative <span class="hlt">Output</span> Variability: (1) equals the inverse of the square root of the number of systems for fully dispersed PV systems; and (2) could be further minimized for optimally-spaced PV systems. (author)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hoff, Thomas E. [Clean Power Research, Napa, CA (United States); Perez, Richard [ASRC, The University at Albany, Albany, NY (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-10-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">112</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1518769"> <span id="translatedtitle">Optimal solar array configuration and DC motor field parameters for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> annual <span class="hlt">output</span> mechanical energy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A procedure is presented for the proper design of systems comprising photovoltaic solar generators directly supplying DC motors. The method is based on maximizing the total annual gross mechanical energy delivered to a mechanical load with a given torque-speed characteristic. The seasonal variations of both the isolation level and the ambient temperature are taken into account. The proposed technique is</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. M. Saied; M. G. Jaboori</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">113</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013JEMat.tmp..243V"> <span id="translatedtitle">Individual Module <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Power Point Tracking for Thermoelectric Generator Systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In a thermoelectric generator (TEG) system the DC/DC converter is under the control of a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracker which ensures that the TEG system <span class="hlt">outputs</span> the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> possible power to the load. However, if the conditions, e.g., temperature, health, etc., of the TEG modules are different, each TEG module will not produce its <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power. If each TEG module is controlled individually, each TEG module can be operated at its <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point and the TEG system <span class="hlt">output</span> power will therefore be higher. In this work a power converter based on noninverting buck-boost converters capable of handling four TEG modules is presented. It is shown that, when each module in the TEG system is operated under individual <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking, the system <span class="hlt">output</span> power for this specific application can be increased by up to 8.4% relative to the situation when the modules are connected in series and 16.7% relative to the situation when the modules are connected in parallel.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Vadstrup, Casper; Schaltz, Erik; Chen, Min</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">114</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5784097"> <span id="translatedtitle">Photovoltaic source switching regulator with <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power transfer efficiency without voltage change</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This patent describes a switching circuit for regulating a photovoltaic power source for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power transfer to a load without change in voltage. It comprises first switching means having an input for connection to one <span class="hlt">output</span> terminal of a photovoltaic power source, the first switching means having an <span class="hlt">output</span>, first magnetic energy storage means having an input connected to the <span class="hlt">output</span> of the first switching means and an <span class="hlt">output</span> for connection to another <span class="hlt">output</span> terminal of the photovoltaic power source which is opposite in polarity to the one terminal, second magnetic energy storage means having an input for connection to the one <span class="hlt">output</span> terminal of the photovoltaic power source, the second magnetic energy storage means having an <span class="hlt">output</span>, second switching means having an input connected to the <span class="hlt">output</span> of the second magnetic energy storage means, the second switching means having an <span class="hlt">output</span>, third switching means having an <span class="hlt">output</span> connected to the <span class="hlt">output</span> of the first switching means and to the <span class="hlt">output</span> of the second switching means, the third switching means having an input, fourth switching means having an input connected to the <span class="hlt">output</span> of the second magnetic energy storage means and an <span class="hlt">output</span> connected to one terminal of the load, the load having another terminal opposite in polarity to the one terminal.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lafferty, D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-06-25</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">115</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=dennis&pg=3&id=EJ920823"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> Interference in Recognition Memory</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Dennis and Humphreys (2001) proposed that interference in recognition memory arises solely from the prior contexts of the test word: Interference does not arise from memory traces of other words (from events prior to the study list or on the study list, and regardless of similarity to the test item). We evaluate this model using <span class="hlt">output</span>…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Criss, Amy H.; Malmberg, Kenneth J.; Shiffrin, Richard M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">116</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1448424"> <span id="translatedtitle">Approximation theory of <span class="hlt">output</span> statistics</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Given a channel and an input process we study the minimum randomness of those input processes whose <span class="hlt">output</span> statistics approximate the original out- put statistics with arbitrary accuracy. We introduce the notion of resolva- bility of a channel, defined as the number of random bits required per channel use in order to generate an input that achieves arbitrarily accu- rate</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Te Sun Han; Sergio Verdii</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">117</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/econo/temidi/td08/td673_08/en_td673/en_tema_673.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> growth volatility and remittances</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Since <span class="hlt">output</span> growth volatility has negative effects on growth, poverty and welfare, especially in poorer countries, it is crucial to identify the country-specific factors that affect it. The empirical literature has focused mostly on financial development, policy distortions and globalization variables. Among the latter, attention has been directed in particular to trade and financial openness. We contribute to this literature</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Matteo Bugamelli</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">118</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/39327732"> <span id="translatedtitle">Online error correcting <span class="hlt">output</span> codes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article proposes a general extension of the error correcting <span class="hlt">output</span> codes framework to the online learning scenario. As a result, the final classifier handles the addition of new classes independently of the base classifier used. In particular, this extension supports the use of both online example incremental and batch classifiers as base learners. The extension of the traditional problem</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sergio Escalera; David Masip; Eloi Puertas; Petia Radeva; Oriol Pujol</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">119</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Fatal+AND+disease&pg=2&id=ED304745"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span>: Education's New Dilemma.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) is an incurable, fatal disease that is caused by a virus that eventually destroys the body's immune system. While <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> is contagious, the risk of contracting <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> through casual contact is said to be negligible. A review of the court cases involving students with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> reveals that the precedent has…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Freeland, D. Kay; Faber, Charles F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">120</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=belfiore%2c+phillip&pg=2&id=EJ571895"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effects of Synthetic Speech <span class="hlt">Output</span> and Orthographic Feedback on Spelling in a Student with Autism: A Preliminary Study.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|A nonspeaking student (age 10) with autism was taught to spell words under three feedback conditions using a voice <span class="hlt">output</span> communication <span class="hlt">aid</span>. Results found that the provision of speech <span class="hlt">output</span> alone and in combination with orthographic feedback resulted in more efficient spelling than the provision of orthographic feedback alone. (Author/CR)|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schlosser, Ralf W.; Blischak, Doreen M.; Belfiore, Phillip J.; Bartley, Clair; Barnett, Nanette</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a 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<img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">121</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23686682"> <span id="translatedtitle">The master hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">As early as the 1930s the term Master Hearing <span class="hlt">Aid</span> (MHA) described a device used in the fitting of hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>. In their original form, the MHA was a desktop system that allowed for simulated or actual adjustment of hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> components that resulted in a changed hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> response. Over the years the MHA saw many embodiments and contributed to a number of rationales for the fitting of hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>. During these same years, the MHA was viewed by many as an inappropriate means of demonstrating hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>; the audio quality of the desktop systems was often superior to the hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> themselves. These opinions and the evolution of the MHA have molded the modern perception of hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> and the techniques used in the fitting of hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>. This article reports on a history of the MHA and its influence on the fitting of hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>. PMID:23686682</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Curran, James R; Galster, Jason A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-05-17</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">122</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1546661"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sum frequency mixing of copper vapor laser <span class="hlt">output</span> in KDP and. beta. -BBO</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Generation at 271nm by frequency summing the two CVL <span class="hlt">output</span> wavelengths (at 511 and 578 nm) in β-BBO and KDP is reported. A <span class="hlt">maximum</span> sum frequency <span class="hlt">output</span> of 100 mW was obtained for 6.8W total pump power from a CVL operating with a fully unstable (M=16) confocal cavity.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. W. Coutts; M. D. Ainsworth; J. A. Piper</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">123</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5520951"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sum frequency mixing of copper vapor laser <span class="hlt">output</span> in KDP and. beta. -BBO</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Generation at 271nm by frequency summing the two CVL <span class="hlt">output</span> wavelengths (at 511 and 578 nm) in {beta}-BBO and KDP is reported. A <span class="hlt">maximum</span> sum frequency <span class="hlt">output</span> of 100 mW was obtained for 6.8W total pump power from a CVL operating with a fully unstable (M=16) confocal cavity.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Coutts, D.W.; Ainsworth, M.D.; Piper, J.A. (Centre for Lasers and Applications, Macquarie Univ., N.S.W. 2109 (AU))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">124</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/51070227"> <span id="translatedtitle">Simulation and study of photovoltaic cell power <span class="hlt">output</span> characteristics with buck converter load</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper present the study of photovoltaic cell (PV Cells) <span class="hlt">output</span> power characteristics by experimenting with the simulation of equivalent circuit and of <span class="hlt">output</span> behavior of photovoltaic while connected to the buck converter, with adjustment of its duty ratio (D). Experimental result show that the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point (MPP) is reduced 24 %, while connected to the buck converter load</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A. Bilsalam; J. Haema; I. Boonyaroonate; V. Chunkag</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">125</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-09-08/pdf/2010-22254.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">75 FR 54546 - Amendment of the Commission's Rules Governing Hearing <span class="hlt">Aid</span>-Compatible Mobile Handsets</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...that enables the user to reduce <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power <span class="hlt">output</span> by up to 2.5 decibels (dB...range, modulation type, <span class="hlt">maximum</span> <span class="hlt">output</span> power, or other parameters specified in the...consumers to reduce the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> transmit power only for operations over the GSM air...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-09-08</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">126</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/g574h24308142x18.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Thymic <span class="hlt">output</span>, ageing and zinc</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The role of the thymus is vital for orchestration of T-cell development and maturation. With increasing age the thymus undergoes a process of involution which results in a reduction in thymic size, function and <span class="hlt">output</span>. Until relatively recent it was not feasible to accurately measure the magnitude of age-related loss of thymic function. With the discovery of T-cell receptor excision</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wayne A Mitchell; Irene Meng; Stuart A Nicholson; Richard Aspinall</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">127</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21451939"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effect of power <span class="hlt">output</span> on muscle coordination during rowing.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present study was designed to quantify the effect of power <span class="hlt">output</span> on muscle coordination during rowing. Surface electromyographic (EMG) activity of 23 muscles and mechanical variables were recorded in eight untrained subjects and seven experienced rowers. Each subject was asked to perform three 2-min constant-load exercises performed at 60, 90 and 120% of the mean power <span class="hlt">output</span> over a maximal 2,000-m event (denoted as P60, P90, and P120, respectively). A decomposition algorithm (nonnegative matrix factorization) was used to extract the muscle synergies that represent the global temporal and spatial organization of the motor <span class="hlt">output</span>. The results showed a main effect of power <span class="hlt">output</span> for 22 of 23 muscles (p values ranged from <0.0001 to 0.004) indicating a significant increase in EMG activity level with power <span class="hlt">output</span> for both untrained and experienced subjects. However, for the two populations, no dramatic modification in the shape of individual EMG patterns (mean r (max) value = 0.93 ± 0.09) or in their timing of activation (<span class="hlt">maximum</span> lag time = -4.3 ± 3.8% of the rowing cycle) was found. The results also showed a large consistency of the three extracted muscle synergies, for both synergy activation coefficients (mean r (max) values range from 0.87 to 0.97) and muscle synergy vectors (mean r values range from 0.70 to 0.76) across the three power <span class="hlt">outputs</span>. In conclusion, despite significant changes in the level of muscle activity, the global temporal and spatial organization of the motor <span class="hlt">output</span> is very little affected by power <span class="hlt">output</span> on a rowing ergometer. PMID:21451939</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Turpin, Nicolas A; Guével, Arnaud; Durand, Sylvain; Hug, François</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-03-31</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">128</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49945590"> <span id="translatedtitle">Simplified feed-forward control of the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point in PV installations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A novel simplified control strategy, based on the positive feedback of a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking (MPPT) converter <span class="hlt">output</span> current, is introduced. Cost-effective MPPT reduces the energy cost from renewable energy generators by optimizing the utilization of the renewable energy source. MPPT for relative small photovoltaic (PV) systems, with battery back-up, is achieved by maximization of the <span class="hlt">output</span> current to</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. H. R. Enslin; D. B. Snyman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">129</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50893989"> <span id="translatedtitle">Stand-alone PV generation system with <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The power available at the <span class="hlt">output</span> of photovoltaic (PV) cells keeps changing with solar irradiation and ambient temperature because PV cells exhibit a nonlinear current-voltage characteristic. <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> power point tracking (MPPT) techniques are used in PV systems to make full utilization of PV array <span class="hlt">output</span> power which depends on solar irradiation and ambient temperature. Inverter control is another key aspect</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hadi Aghazadeh; Hossein Madadi Kojabadi; Ahmad Sadeghi Yazdankhah</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">130</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA125477"> <span id="translatedtitle">Development and Qualification of Computer-<span class="hlt">Aided</span> Assessments (CAS).</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> utilization of computer-<span class="hlt">aided</span> assessments (CAS) techniques and proper understanding of nuclear safety and reliability assessments can be achieved by the use of a program called GO . This document is a basic, yet substantive, qualification of the G...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">R. L. Williams N. Zuck</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">131</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=DE85012731"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy Beam Diagnostic Tomography.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper reviews the formalism of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy beam diagnostic tomography as applied to the Fusion Materials Irradiation Test (FMIT) prototype accelerator. The same formalism has also been used with streak camera data to produce an ultrahigh speed mo...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">C. T. Mottershead</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">132</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://video.nasa.gov/core-dl/423/0/593/202614731/1391/423/764/076ec919b8001ea2a34f10807e40ec97.mp4"> <span id="translatedtitle">Arctic Sea Ice <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> 2011</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/videogallery/index.html">NASA Video Gallery</a></p> <p class="result-summary">AMSR-E Arctic Sea Ice: September 2010 to March 2011: Scientists tracking the annual <span class="hlt">maximum</span> extent of Arctic sea ice said that 2011 was among the lowest ice extents measured since satellites began collecting the data in 1979.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Holly Zell</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-03-29</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">133</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/first-aid-spider-bites/FA00048/METHOD=print"> <span id="translatedtitle">Spider Bites: First <span class="hlt">Aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Spider bites: First <span class="hlt">aid</span> Basics In-Depth Multimedia Resources Reprints A single copy of this article may be reprinted for personal, noncommercial use only. Spider bites: First <span class="hlt">aid</span> By Mayo Clinic staff Original Article: ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">134</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/35611532"> <span id="translatedtitle">Does foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> corrupt?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We estimate the impact of foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> on corruption using geographical and cultural distance to the donor countries as instrumental variables to assess causality. <span class="hlt">Aid</span> decreases corruption. Our results are statistically and economically significant and robust to different controls.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">José Tavares</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">135</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/infection/hiv.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... a serious infection. Continue How Many People Have HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>? Since the discovery of the virus almost 30 ... million. Back Continue What Are the Symptoms of HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>? It's important to know that you can't ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">136</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=132436"> <span id="translatedtitle">MICROFICHE <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> DATA</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This data set contains counts of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) cases reported to state and local health departments, by demographics; case-definition; HIV exposure group (risk factors for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>); Half-year of diagnosis, report, and death....</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">137</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000022.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">Unconsciousness - first <span class="hlt">aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Loss of consciousness - first <span class="hlt">aid</span>; Coma - first <span class="hlt">aid</span>; Mental status change; Altered mental status ... person is unconscious and: Does not return to consciousness quickly (within a minute) Has fallen down or ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">138</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/prevention-wellness/staying-healthy/first-aid/first-aid-burns.printerview.all.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">First <span class="hlt">Aid</span>: Burns</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Return to Web version First <span class="hlt">Aid</span>: Burns First <span class="hlt">Aid</span>: Burns What causes burns? You can get burned by heat, fire, radiation, sunlight, electricity, chemicals or hot or boiling water. There are 3 degrees of burns: First-degree ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">139</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/07_22_2009_kOf6JVu22C_07_22_2009_13"> <span id="translatedtitle">First <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Kit</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://gallery.usgs.gov/">USGS Multimedia Gallery</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This is a first <span class="hlt">aid</span> kit used in fieldwork in the west. The kit is likely an army surplus item. The kit includes first <span class="hlt">aid</span> materials for snake bites as well as more common ailments. Object ID: USGS-000057...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-07-22</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">140</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24104150"> <span id="translatedtitle">Optimization of <span class="hlt">output</span> power in a fiber optical parametric oscillator.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Fiber optical parametric oscillators (FOPOs) are coherent sources that can provide ultra-broadband tunability and high <span class="hlt">output</span> power levels and are been considered for applications such as medical imaging and sensing. While most recent literature has focused on advancing the performance of these devices experimentally, theoretical studies are still scarce. In contrast, ordinary laser theory is very mature, has been thoroughly studied and is now well understood from the point of view of fundamental physics. In this work, we present a theoretical study of OPOs and in particular we theoretically discuss the process of gain saturation in optical parametric amplifiers. In order to emphasize the significant difference between the two coherent sources, we compare the optimized coupling ratios for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> <span class="hlt">output</span> powers of the ordinary laser and the optical parametric oscillator and demonstrate that in contrast to ordinary lasers, highest <span class="hlt">output</span> powers in optical parametric oscillators are achieved with <span class="hlt">output</span> coupling ratios close to 1. We confirm experimentally our theoretical studies by building a narrowband fiber optical parametric oscillator at 1450nm with multi-watt <span class="hlt">output</span> power. We show that the device is robust to intracavity losses and achieve peak power as high as 2.4W. PMID:24104150</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jin, Lei; Martinez, Amos; Yamashita, Shinji</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-23</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">141</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhRvE..85d1144A"> <span id="translatedtitle">Efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power of thermally coupled heat engines</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We study the efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power of two coupled heat engines, using thermoelectric generators (TEGs) as engines. Assuming that the heat and electric charge fluxes in the TEGs are strongly coupled, we simulate numerically the dependence of the behavior of the global system on the electrical load resistance of each generator in order to obtain the working condition that permits maximization of the <span class="hlt">output</span> power. It turns out that this condition is not unique. We derive a simple analytic expression giving the relation between the electrical load resistance of each generator permitting <span class="hlt">output</span> power maximization. We then focus on the efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power (EMP) of the whole system to demonstrate that the Curzon-Ahlborn efficiency may not always be recovered: The EMP varies with the specific working conditions of each generator but remains in the range predicted by irreversible thermodynamics theory. We discuss our results in light of nonideal Carnot engine behavior.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Apertet, Y.; Ouerdane, H.; Goupil, C.; Lecoeur, Ph.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">142</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/56296997"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mammographic mass segmentation based on <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy principle and active contour model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Mammographic mass segmentation plays a crucial role in computer-<span class="hlt">aided</span> scheme (CAD). In this paper, we propose a method based on <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy principle and active contour model to do segmentation. There are two main steps in this method. First, <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy principle was applied on the background-trend corrected regions of interest (ROIs) to obtain the initially detected outlines. Secondly, active</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Enmin Song; Luan Jiang; Jinhui Liu; Renchao Jin; Xiangyang Xu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">143</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cdc.gov/actagainstaids/basics/"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Basics</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Home HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Basics Before we can stop any epidemic, we first have to recognize the magnitude of the disease. ... the facts: HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> 101 Video What is HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>? You need javascript enabled to view this content ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">144</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=test+AND+evaluation+AND+master+AND+plan&pg=5&id=ED313570"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Education Curriculum Guide.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This curriculum guide was developed, based on sound principles of human growth and development, to present the most recently available information on <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). The curriculum presents information on the known facts about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> virus infection. It also addresses the potential for adolescents and adults…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Horry County Board of Education, Conway, SC.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">145</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57926991"> <span id="translatedtitle">Jewish Responses to <span class="hlt">AIDS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Theoretically, Judaism treats <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, an illness, with compassion. Yet because of its link to homosexuality, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and its stigma are often concealed.Neither homosexuality nor <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> can be fully concealed, even by those who most denounce them, nor can they be completely open, even by those who most fully accept them. The implications of rejection and acceptance (a continuum) are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yaffa Schlesinger; Victor Appell</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">146</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=formula&pg=5&id=EJ833314"> <span id="translatedtitle">Designing State <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Formulas</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This paper designs a new equalization-<span class="hlt">aid</span> formula based on fiscal gaps of local communities. When states are in transition to a new local <span class="hlt">aid</span> formula, the issue of whether and how to hold existing <span class="hlt">aid</span> harmless poses a challenge. The authors show that some previous studies and the formulas derived from them give differential weights to existing…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhao, Bo; Bradbury, Katharine</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">147</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www2.vwl.wiso.uni-goettingen.de/courant-papers/CRC-PEG_DP_86.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Does terror increase <span class="hlt">aid</span>?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article empirically investigates whether, and in which ways, donors in the Development Assistance Committee respond to transnational terrorist incidents and the onset of the War on Terror through changes in <span class="hlt">aid</span> effort and <span class="hlt">aid</span> allocation. First, an analysis of 22 donor countries shows that <span class="hlt">aid</span> effort increased during the War on Terror period, but did not respond to the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Axel Dreher; Andreas Fuchs</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">148</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/2038239"> <span id="translatedtitle">Foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> and insurrection</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper analyses the allocative and distributive effects of foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> within a positive theory of insurrections. In this theory, foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> causes a reallocation of resources from production to an intensified struggle over distributive shares. Moreover, although the ruler of the recipient economy regards foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> as just another possible source of income for his parasitic clientele, the threat</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Herschel I. Grossman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">149</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30496694"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">output</span> of budesonide from spacer devices assessed under simulated breathing conditions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background: Spacer devices are increasingly used to <span class="hlt">aid</span> inhalational therapy, and many different devices are available. Patient and spacer size and spacer static charge may affect drug delivery, but the optimum spacer size and method of reducing static charge is not certain. Objective: We sought to determine the <span class="hlt">output</span> of budesonide from 3 different spacer devices when assessed by using</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Peter W. Barry; Chris O’Callaghan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">150</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1526295"> <span id="translatedtitle">MOS electronics for a portable reading <span class="hlt">aid</span> for the blind</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A unique direct-translation reading <span class="hlt">aid</span> for the blind has been realized with two custom MOS integrated circuits. One of these circuits is a self-scanned image-sensing array which utilizes unusual signal-processing and scanning circuitry to permit low light level operation. The other custom integrated circuit is a self-scanned <span class="hlt">output</span> driver chip which controls the high-voltage tactile stimulators of the reading <span class="hlt">aid</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">JAMES D. PLUMMER; JAMES D. MEINDL</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1972-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">151</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1683004"> <span id="translatedtitle">Hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> electromagnetic interference from digital wireless telephones</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Several in-the-ear (ITE) and behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> were tested for audible interference at various distances from five types of digital wireless telephones. The interference which takes the form of a buzzing and a static sound was quantified using a calibrated system including a frequency analyzer and a pressure field microphone. The <span class="hlt">output</span> of the each hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> was coupled</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Marlene Skopec</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">152</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/magazine/issues/summer09/articles/summer09pg10.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, and the Future</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Skip Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues HIV / <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> HIV, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, and the Future Past Issues / Summer 2009 Table ... to protect yourself and your loved ones from HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. The <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Memorial Quilt In 1987, a total ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">153</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49830569"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> error identification without SPR assumptions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper uses an input-<span class="hlt">output</span> stability analysis approach to show that for a large class of <span class="hlt">output</span> error identification algorithms, the usual strict positive real (SPR) conditions on the unknown plant can be replaced by \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dale A. Lawrence; C. Richard Johnson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">154</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12349354"> <span id="translatedtitle">One Mann against <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article features Jonathan Mann, director of the International <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Center of the Harvard <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Institute and his efforts to combat <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in the global context. Mann built the largest program in the history of the World Health Organization specifically in fighting <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. He helped originate the World <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Day observed annually throughout the world. As the director of the International <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Center at Harvard, Mann is launching a new role for himself concerning with research and ideas related to <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> issue. According to him, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> pandemic offers "opportunities" to speed up research and spur people around the globe to address longstanding social problems with new energy. Mann hopes to get involved with local <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> efforts. He foresees <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> as an escalating problem that will continue to persist in one or two generations, which could rise as high as tenfold in the 1990s. He believes a vaccine will be available in the middle to late 1990s but to purge the virus from those positive persons is impossible. If the World <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Day can bring about attitude change, Mann hopes it will able be to foster a feeling of unity among people and countries. PMID:12349354</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stocker, C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-11-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">155</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=PATENT3213203"> <span id="translatedtitle">Double Integrator Magnetic Amplifier <span class="hlt">Output</span> Circuit.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The magnetic amplifier has an integrating circuit adapted to produce a sinusoidal <span class="hlt">output</span> voltage. Two properly rated integrating circuits are applied to the <span class="hlt">output</span> of a push-pull magnetic amplifier. An <span class="hlt">output</span> current may be provided flowing through the ex...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">W. A. Geyher</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1965-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">156</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/6106183"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Expected Utility via MCMC</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Abstract This paper provides a pure simulation approach to solving <span class="hlt">maximum</span>,expected utility (MEU) problems. MEU problems require both integration, to compute the expected utility, and optimization, to find the optimal decision. In most cases of interest, the expected utility does not have a analytical solution, even for a given value of the decision. One must apply gradient methods around numerical</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Eric Jacquier; Michael Johannes; Nicholas Polson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">157</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6076654"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> entropy beam diagnostic tomography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper reviews the formalism of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy beam diagnostic tomography as applied to the Fusion Materials Irradiation Test (FMIT) prototype accelerator. The same formalism has also been used with streak camera data to produce an ultrahigh speed movie of the beam profile of the Experimental Test Accelerator (ETA) at Livermore.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mottershead, C.T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">158</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=N8534175"> <span id="translatedtitle">Solar <span class="hlt">Maximum</span>: Solar Array Degradation.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The 5-year in-orbit power degradation of the silicon solar array aboard the Solar <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Satellite was evaluated. This was the first spacecraft to use Teflon R FEP as a coverglass adhesive, thus avoiding the necessity of an ultraviolet filter. The peak p...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">T. Miller</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">159</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/26287312"> <span id="translatedtitle">Heliostats for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> ground coverage</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Most conventional heliostats consist of a rectangular reflector which is moved around a fixed vertical axis tracking the azimuth of the sun and a second moving horizontal axis which rotates around the vertical axis to allow tracking the elevation of the sun. The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> ground coverage possible of fields of such heliostats without colliding neighbouring reflectors is 58%. Applications of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Philipp Schramek; David R. Mills</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">160</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50850220"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> throughput of clandestine relay</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> throughput of relaying information flows while concealing their presence is studied. The concealment is achieved by embedding transmissions of information flows into truly independent transmission schedules that resemble the normal transmission behaviors without any flow. Such embedding may reduce the throughput for delay-sensitive flows, and the paper provides a quantitative characterization of the level of reduction. Under a</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ting He; Lang Tong; Ananthram Swami</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a 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onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">161</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/2178702"> <span id="translatedtitle">Graphs with <span class="hlt">maximum</span> connectivity index</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Let G be a graph and dv the degree (=number of first neighbors) of its vertex v. The connectivity index of G is ?=?(dudv)?1\\/2, with the summation ranging over all pairs of adjacent vertices of G. In a previous paper (Comput. Chem. 23 (1999) 469), by applying a heuristic combinatorial optimization algorithm, the structure of chemical trees possessing extremal (<span class="hlt">maximum</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gilles Caporossi; Ivan Gutman; Pierre Hansen; Ljiljana Pavlovic</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">162</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/53951159"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> reentry drag deceleration revisited</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The analytic formulation of the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> reentry drag deceleration problem is modified to include (1) the motion of the atmosphere due to earth rotation and (2) an accurate, multi-layer atmospheric density model. It is demonstrated that peak deceleration depends on drag coefficient values except in the case of isothermal layers, where the density profile is an exponential function. Despite the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. E. Hough</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">163</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57469269"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Acceptable Weight of Lift</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper discusses the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> amount of weight that an individual can be expected to lift comfortably and without strain. Recommendations based on empirical estimates, biomechanical techniques, and psychophysical methods are reviewed, including those of the International Labour Office, the Swiss Accident Insurance Institute, the Danish National Association for Infantile Paralysis, and the U. S. Air Force. The approach used</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">S. H. Snook; C. H. Irvine</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1967-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">164</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/5614119"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> entropy beam diagnostic tomography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper reviews the formalism of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy beam diagnostic tomography as applied to the Fusion Materials Irradiation Test (FMIT) prototype accelerator. The same formalism has also been used with streak camera data to produce an ultrahigh speed movie of the beam profile of the Experimental Test Accelerator (ETA) at Livermore. 11 refs., 4 figs.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mottershead, C.T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">165</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22831774"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mammography segmentation with <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood active contours.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present a computer-<span class="hlt">aided</span> approach to segmenting suspicious lesions in digital mammograms, based on a novel <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood active contour model using level sets (MLACMLS). The algorithm estimates the segmentation contour that best separates the lesion from the background using the Gamma distribution to model the intensity of both regions (foreground and background). The Gamma distribution parameters are estimated by the algorithm. We evaluate the performance of MLACMLS on real mammographic images. Our results are compared to those of two leading related methods: The adaptive level set-based segmentation method (ALSSM) and the spiculation segmentation using level sets (SSLS) approach, and show higher segmentation accuracy (MLACMLS: 86.85% vs. ALSSM: 74.32% and SSLS: 57.11%). Moreover, our results are qualitatively compared with those of the Active Contour Without Edge (ACWOE) and show a better performance. Further, the suitability of using ML as the objective function as opposed to the KL divergence and to the energy functional of the ACWOE is also demonstrated. Our algorithm is also shown to be robust to the selection of a required single seed point. PMID:22831774</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rahmati, Peyman; Adler, Andy; Hamarneh, Ghassan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-05-24</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">166</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6547035"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computer <span class="hlt">aided</span> stress analysis of long bones utilizing computer tomography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A computer <span class="hlt">aided</span> analysis method, utilizing computed tomography (CT) has been developed, which together with a finite element program determines the stress-displacement pattern in a long bone section. The CT data file provides the geometry, the density and the material properties for the generated finite element model. A three-dimensional finite element model of a tibial shaft is automatically generated from the CT file by a pre-processing procedure for a finite element program. The developed pre-processor includes an edge detection algorithm which determines the boundaries of the reconstructed cross-sectional images of the scanned bone. A mesh generation procedure than automatically generates a three-dimensional mesh of a user-selected refinement. The elastic properties needed for the stress analysis are individually determined for each model element using the radiographic density (CT number) of each pixel with the elemental borders. The elastic modulus is determined from the CT radiographic density by using an empirical relationship from the literature. The generated finite element model, together with applied loads, determined from existing gait analysis and initial displacements, comprise a formatted input for the SAP IV finite element program. The <span class="hlt">output</span> of this program, stresses and displacements at the model elements and nodes, are sorted and displayed by a developed post-processor to provide <span class="hlt">maximum</span> and minimum values at selected locations in the model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Marom, S.A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">167</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12285433"> <span id="translatedtitle">Women and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and sexuality.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> education campaigns, which tend to be practical and direct, assume people have viable choices in sexual relationships, but they do not. Cultural, social, political, and economic factors restrict their control, including protecting themselves against <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. People in developing countries often must leave their families for long periods of time for employment, which makes them lonely; so they seek sexual affairs. In Thailand, poverty and underdevelopment force rural families to send young women to the cities to earn money for the families, but the cities already have many unemployed and unskilled people, so the women resort to prostitution. Girls often have sex with married men who provide them essentials. HIV appears to be more prevalent among women of low status. 82% of female <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> cases in the world are found in Africa, where women have little control over their lives. They cannot even mention safe sex to regular partners without being rejected or battered. This is especially a problem for wives of migrant workers or truckers. The <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> pandemic has illustrated how family planning programs have left out men in contraceptive decision making. Thus, family planning and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> education programs must reverse this trend to convince men to use condoms. In developing countries, just 3% of couples of childbearing age use condoms. Condoms are often linked with prostitution, casual affairs, and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. In South Africa, many Blacks think Whites promote condom use to control black population growth. In one <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> project in South Africa, older women teach young girls about sex to eliminate harmful taboos. <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> has forced public health and education professionals to come up with an approach to sex education which examines relationships and acknowledges the imbalances of power between men and women, e.g., assertiveness training courses in Swaziland. PMID:12285433</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">168</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.epa.gov/owow/tmdl/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Total <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Daily Load Program</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides this informative resource on Total <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Daily Loads (TMDL). A term used to discuss water quality, TMDL refers to "a calculation of the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> amount of a pollutant that a water body can receive and still meet water quality standards." The TMDL Program Website offers background information on TMDLs (including FAQs), a National Overview of Impaired Waters in the US, and two standard presentations on TMDLs (HTML and Power Point). The heart of the site, however, is the interactive map of the US, which allows users access to each state's TMDL Program. Within each state, watershed names and maps, as well as source information (Water body, Parameter of Concern, Priority for TMDL Development), are provided.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">169</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006PhRvC..73e8801S"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> mass of neutron stars</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We determine the structure of neutron stars within a Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach based on realistic nucleon-nucleon, nucleon-hyperon, and hyperon-hyperon interactions. Our results indicate rather low <span class="hlt">maximum</span> masses below 1.4 solar masses. This feature is insensitive to the nucleonic part of the EOS due to a strong compensation mechanism caused by the appearance of hyperons and represents thus strong evidence for the presence of nonbaryonic “quark” matter in the interior of heavy stars.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schulze, H.-J.; Polls, A.; Ramos, A.; Vidaña, I.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">170</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19882494"> <span id="translatedtitle">Real-world benefit from directional microphone hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article summarizes data from a 3-year, double-blinded study of directional hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> benefit. Ninety-four subjects in three hearing loss groups, all previous users of omnidirectional <span class="hlt">output</span>-compression hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>, completed all aspects of the study. Participants were fit with new hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> for 1 month in a directional mode and 1 month in an omnidirectional mode. Following 1 month of use, subjects completed a number of objective and subjective measures of hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> outcome. Objective and subjective data were analyzed across hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> and hearing loss conditions. Subjects in all hearing loss groups exhibited better performance in the directional conditions for objective speech-in-noise measures; however, subjective data did not indicate a clear advantage for directional amplification. Results and clinical implications are discussed. PMID:19882494</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gnewikow, David; Ricketts, Todd; Bratt, Gene W; Mutchler, Laura C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">171</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009JAP...105j4908H"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> windmill efficiency in finite time</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The fraction of the kinetic energy of the wind impinging on the rotor-swept area that a wind turbine can convert to useful power has been shown by Betz in an idealized laminar-flow model to have an upper limit of 16/27 or 59% approximately [I. H. Shames, Mechanics of Fluids, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1982), pp. A26-A31]. This figure is known as Betz number. Other studies [A. Rauh and W. Seelret, Appl. Energy 17, 15 (1984)] suggested that this figure should be considered as a guideline. In this paper, a new model is introduced and its efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power <span class="hlt">output</span> is derived. The derived value is shown to be a function of the Betz number B and given by the formula ?mp=1-1-B. This value is 36.2%, which agrees well with those of actually operating wind turbines. As a guideline, the wind turbine efficiency can be considered to be within the range of the two numbers of merit, the Betz number and ?mp.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Huleihil, Mahmoud</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">172</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10295811"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span>: the first decade.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> has had a profound effect on society and the workplace and has raised legal and social problems for which society was not prepared. This article will chronicle the evolution of federal, state and local law concerning <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and the workplace. Although there are some clear-cut answers and guidelines that address the relationship of employer and employee to the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> epidemic, current legislation and enforcement of those laws does not adequately address the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> victim as a handicapped individual. Emphasis is also placed on the problems peculiar to the health care industry, the constitutionality of present legislation, and the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> victim's right to privacy versus the employer's need to know. Finally, some practical solutions and guidelines will be presented that will help the employer deal with the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> victim and his or her co-worker. PMID:10295811</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Turk, H N</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">173</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1988IREdu..34..313T"> <span id="translatedtitle">Foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> for education</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Education has only recently received development finances from the international donor community. This change has been more or less concurrent with the `human investment revolution in economic thought' initiated by Theodore Schultz. This paper surveys the shifting trends in educational <span class="hlt">aid</span>, its problems and prospects. It discusses three divergent views held in developing countries: (a) that <span class="hlt">aid</span> is beneficial to their educational development, (b) that it helps only the donor country, and (c) that despite negative experiences it has the potential of helping the recipient. The article begins by describing the complex international donor community, attempts in section 2 to answer the question why <span class="hlt">aid</span> should be given to education in preference to other sectors, in section 3 considers trends in the growth of educational <span class="hlt">aid</span>, and in section 4 the overall impact of <span class="hlt">aid</span> on educational development, and concludes with some general observations on improving the effects of foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> on education.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tilak, Jandhyala B. G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">174</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12291700"> <span id="translatedtitle">Philippine National <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Council.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In December 1992, the Philippine National <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Council (PNAC) was created to advise the government on the development of policies to prevent and control HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. The PNAC is composed of high-ranking government officials, the heads of nongovernmental organizations, members of the HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> network, and a representative of an organization of people living with HIV. The first two committees created by PNAC were the Committee on Policy Development, which was charged with developing a national prevention and control strategy, and the Committee on Law and Ethics, which promotes a supportive legal environment for people with HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and provides legal support to the PNAC. This latter committee has created an <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Health Rights Desk which will act from its base in the Department of Health to provide free legal assistance to poor people whose health rights have been violated. A third committee is being organized to help disseminate accurate information on HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. PMID:12291700</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rodriguez Ar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">175</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004IJTPE.124..455I"> <span id="translatedtitle">Smoothing PV System’s <span class="hlt">Output</span> by Tuning MPPT Control</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A PV system’s <span class="hlt">output</span> is not stable and fluctuates depending on a weather condition. Using a battery is one of the feasible ways to stabilize a PV system’s <span class="hlt">output</span>, although it requires an additional cost and provides an additional waste of the used battery. In this paper, we propose tuning a characteristic of Maxiumum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) control for smoothing a short term change of PV system’s <span class="hlt">output</span> during a sharp insolation fluctuation, as an approach without additional equipments. In our proposed method, when an insolation increases rapidly, the operation point of MPPT control changes to the new point where the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power is not generated with present insolation, so that the speed of PV system’s <span class="hlt">output</span> increase is limited to a certain value, i. e. 1%/min. In order to evaluate the effect of our proposed method in terms of reducing the additional operation task of the electric power system, we evaluated the additional LFC capacity for a large-scale installation of PV systems. As a result, it was revealed that the additional LFC capacity is not required even if a PV system is installed by 5% of utility system, when our proposed method is applied to all PV systems.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ina, Nobuhiko; Yanagawa, Shigeyuki; Kato, Takeyoshi; Suzuoki, Yasuo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">176</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1580336"> <span id="translatedtitle">"Understanding <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>"--the national <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> mailer.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) of the Public Health Service made public health history in 1988 by mailing the pamphlet, "Understanding <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>," to every household in the United States. Approximately 126 million copies were distributed, reaching at least 60 percent of the population according to several national polls. The pamphlet was produced and mailed at a cost of about 20 cents per copy. The impact of "Understanding <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>" by itself on <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>-related behavior was not fully assessed. Extensive message pretesting and other commercial marketing techniques to improve the effectiveness of the brochure, however, helped "Understanding <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>" achieve an increase in awareness and concern about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. A number of lessons were learned during the process. They included the importance in such an enterprise of setting a deadline, doing formative research, receiving active support from senior management, achieving a consensus on scientific knowledge, using communications experts, centralizing the final decision-making function, maximizing publicity surrounding the mailing, building a base of support among constituency groups, planning distribution logistics from the very start, and designing evaluation into the process from the beginning.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Davis, D</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">177</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010PhRvB..82w5428N"> <span id="translatedtitle">Thermoelectric efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power in low-dimensional systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Low-dimensional electronic systems in thermoelectrics have the potential to achieve high thermal-to-electric energy conversion efficiency. A key measure of performance is the efficiency when the device is operated under <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power conditions. Here we study the efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power, in the absence of phonon-mediated heat flow, of three low-dimensional, thermoelectric systems: a zero-dimensional quantum dot with a Lorentzian transmission resonance of finite width, a one-dimensional (1D) ballistic conductor, and a thermionic (TI) power generator formed by a two-dimensional energy barrier. In all three systems, the efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power is independent of temperature, and in each case a careful tuning of relevant energies is required to achieve maximal performance. We find that quantum dots perform relatively poorly under <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power conditions, with relatively low efficiency and small power throughput. Ideal one-dimensional conductors offer the highest efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power (36% of the Carnot efficiency). Whether 1D or TI systems achieve the larger <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power <span class="hlt">output</span> depends on temperature and area filling factor. These results are also discussed in the context of the traditional figure of merit ZT .</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nakpathomkun, Natthapon; Xu, H. Q.; Linke, Heiner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">178</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2606659"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and civil disobedience.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Members of groups such as ACT UP (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Coalition to Unleash Power) risk arrest and criminal charges to protest laws and policies they view as unjust to persons with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. Spiers, a founding member of ACT UP, discusses the rationale behind the tactics of civil disobedience employed by <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> activists. He argues that civil disobedience is justified by American political and legal traditions, and by the federal government's lack of response to the needs of its citizens. Spiers warns that while <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> protests have been nonviolent and characterized by conscientious planning and execution, violence cannot be ruled out as a "political act born of desperation." PMID:2606659</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Spiers, H R</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">179</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011SPIE.7952E...5J"> <span id="translatedtitle">Record high temperature high <span class="hlt">output</span> power red VCSELs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Red VCSELs are of interest for medical and industrial sensing, printing, scanning, and consumer electronics applications. This paper will describe the optimization of red VCSEL design to achieve improved <span class="hlt">output</span> power and a broader temperature range of operation. We will also discuss alternative packaging approaches and in particular will describe non-hermetic packages and performance of the VCSELs in a humid environment. Record <span class="hlt">output</span> power of 14mW CW and a record <span class="hlt">maximum</span> temperature of operation of 105°C have been achieved at an emission wavelength of 680nm. The achievement is the result of attention to many details including resonance cavitygain peak offset, material choices, current and mode confinement approaches, and metal aperture design. We have also demonstrated lifetimes >1000 hours for non-hermetic packages in an 85% humidity environment. A chip on board approach has been used to create a large scale linear array of VCSELs for a scanning application.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Johnson, Klein; Hibbs-Brenner, Mary; Hogan, William; Dummer, Matthew; Dogubo, Kabir; Berg, Garrett</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">180</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=ears&pg=7&id=EJ776265"> <span id="translatedtitle">Electroacoustic Evaluation of Frequency-Modulated Receivers Interfaced with Personal Hearing <span class="hlt">Aids</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the electroacoustic <span class="hlt">outputs</span> of frequency-modulated (FM) systems coupled to hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>. Method: Electroacoustic performance of FM systems coupled to hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> was determined for 3 FM receivers: body-worn with neck loop, ear-level nonprogrammable, and ear-level programmable. Systems were…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schafer, Erin C.; Thibodeau, Linda M.; Whalen, Holly S.; Overson, Gary J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return 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title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">181</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.healthaffairs.uci.edu/hesp/publications/chung%20direct%20mic%20hear%20res%202009.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Using hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> adaptive directional microphones to enhance cochlear implant performance</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The goal of this study was to investigate whether adaptive microphone directionality could enhance cochlear implant performance. Speech stimuli were created by fitting a digital hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> with program- mable omnidirectional (OM), fixed directional (FDM), or adaptive directional (ADM) microphones to KEMAR, and recording the hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> <span class="hlt">output</span> in three noise conditions. The first condition simulated a diffused field with</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">King Chung; Fan-Gang Zeng</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">182</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=ear&pg=7&id=EJ776265"> <span id="translatedtitle">Electroacoustic Evaluation of Frequency-Modulated Receivers Interfaced with Personal Hearing <span class="hlt">Aids</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the electroacoustic <span class="hlt">outputs</span> of frequency-modulated (FM) systems coupled to hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>. Method: Electroacoustic performance of FM systems coupled to hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> was determined for 3 FM receivers: body-worn with neck loop, ear-level nonprogrammable, and ear-level programmable. Systems were…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schafer, Erin C.; Thibodeau, Linda M.; Whalen, Holly S.; Overson, Gary J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">183</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1643026"> <span id="translatedtitle">Steady-state analysis of continuous adaptation in acoustic feedback reduction systems for hearing-<span class="hlt">aids</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Acoustic feedback is a problem in hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> that contain a substantial amount of gain, hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> that are used in conjunction with vented or open molds, and in-the-ear hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>. Acoustic feedback is both annoying and reduces the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> usable gain of hearing-<span class="hlt">aid</span> devices. This paper studies analytically the steady-state convergence behavior of LMS-based adaptive algorithms when used in</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Marcio G. Siqueira; Abeer Alwan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">184</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1348240"> <span id="translatedtitle">Man-machine console facilities for computer-<span class="hlt">aided</span> design</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The backbone of the man-machine communication link in Computer-<span class="hlt">Aided</span> Design is a console whose principal components are the display scope and the light pen. The display scope is an ordinary cathode ray tube which is controlled by the computer by means of program instructions. It allows the computer to <span class="hlt">output</span> to the man rapidly in easily interpreted graphical form. The</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Robert Stotz</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1963-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">185</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/31528934"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computer-<span class="hlt">aided</span> diagnosis in radiology: potential and pitfalls</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Computer-<span class="hlt">aided</span> diagnosis (CAD) may be defined as a diagnosis made by a physician who takes into account the computer <span class="hlt">output</span> as a second opinion. The purpose of CAD is to improve the diagnostic accuracy and the consistency of the radiologists’ image interpretation. This article is to provide a brief overview of some of CAD schemes for detection and differential diagnosis</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kunio Doi; Heber MacMahon; Shigehiko Katsuragawa; Robert M Nishikawa; Yulei Jiang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">186</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22sonar%22&pg=2&id=EJ282689"> <span id="translatedtitle">AFB's Computerized Travel <span class="hlt">Aid</span>: Two Years of Research and Development.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Progress on the computerized travel <span class="hlt">aid</span>, an electronic device, using elements of the Polaroid Sonar Camera and a microprocessor, for visually handicapped persons is reviewed, and research on the effectiveness of various models noted. Recommended modifications touch on aspects of mounting, beam shape, and audible <span class="hlt">outputs</span>. (CL)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Uslan, Mark M.; And Others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">187</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23041965"> <span id="translatedtitle">Selective effects of weight and inertia on <span class="hlt">maximum</span> lifting.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A novel loading method (loading ranged from 20% to 80% of 1RM) was applied to explore the selective effects of externally added simulated weight (exerted by stretched rubber bands pulling downward), weight+inertia (external weights added), and inertia (covariation of the weights and the rubber bands pulling upward) on <span class="hlt">maximum</span> bench press throws. 14 skilled participants revealed a load associated decrease in peak velocity that was the least associated with an increase in weight (42%) and the most associated with weight+inertia (66%). However, the peak lifting force increased markedly with an increase in both weight (151%) and weight+inertia (160%), but not with inertia (13%). As a consequence, the peak power <span class="hlt">output</span> increased most with weight (59%), weight+inertia revealed a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> at intermediate loads (23%), while inertia was associated with a gradual decrease in the peak power <span class="hlt">output</span> (42%). The obtained findings could be of importance for our understanding of mechanical properties of human muscular system when acting against different types of external resistance. Regarding the possible application in standard athletic training and rehabilitation procedures, the results speak in favor of applying extended elastic bands which provide higher movement velocity and muscle power <span class="hlt">output</span> than the usually applied weights. PMID:23041965</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Leontijevic, B; Pazin, N; Kukolj, M; Ugarkovic, D; Jaric, S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-10-05</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">188</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12577655"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> is your business.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">If your company operates in a developing country, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> is your business. While Africa has received the most attention, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> is also spreading swiftly in other parts of the world. Russia and Ukraine had the fastest-growing epidemics last year, and many experts believe China and India will suffer the next tidal wave of infection. Why should executives be concerned about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>? Because it is destroying the twin rationales of globalization strategy-cheap labor and fast-growing markets--in countries where people are heavily affected by the epidemic. Fortunately, investments in programs that prevent infection and provide treatment for employees who have HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> are profitable for many businesses--that is, they lead to savings that outweigh the programs' costs. Due to the long latency period between HIV infection and the onset of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> symptoms, a company is not likely to see any of the costs of HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> until five to ten years after an employee is infected. But executives can calculate the present value of epidemic-related costs by using the discount rate to weigh each cost according to its expected timing. That allows companies to think about expenses on HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> prevention and treatment programs as investments rather than merely as costs. The authors found that the annual cost of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> to six corporations in South Africa and Botswana ranged from 0.4% to 5.9% of the wage bill. All six companies would have earned positive returns on their investments if they had provided employees with free treatment for HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in the form of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), according to the mathematical model the authors used. The annual reduction in the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> "tax" would have been as much as 40.4%. The authors' conclusion? Fighting <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> not only helps those infected; it also makes good business sense. PMID:12577655</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rosen, Sydney; Simon, Jonathon; Vincent, Jeffrey R; MacLeod, William; Fox, Matthew; Thea, Donald M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">189</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/26945053"> <span id="translatedtitle">Human Power <span class="hlt">Output</span> in Exercise of Short Duration in Relation to Body Size and Composition</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> power <span class="hlt">output</span> during the performance of a standing jump of two feet from a force platform and stair climbing has been studied in 47 male subjects aged 20-50 years and 8 female subjects aged 18-27 years in relation to body composition. During the standing jump, power <span class="hlt">output</span> mean values of 5·23 hp for men and 3·15 hp for women wore recorded.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">C. T. M. DAVIES</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1971-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">190</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/19258676"> <span id="translatedtitle">High-Current Photodetectors as Efficient, Linear, and High-Power RF <span class="hlt">Output</span> Stages</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent progress in high-current photodiodes now makes it possible to efficiently generate over 26 dBm of RF power directly from the <span class="hlt">output</span> of a photodiode. This paper describes two photodetector designs which demonstrate excellent large- and small-signal behavior. <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> small-signal compression currents have increased to over 700 mA at 300 MHz. <span class="hlt">Output</span> RF power amplifier stage efficiencies of over 45%</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">David A. Tulchinsky; John Brad Boos; Peter G. Goetz; William S. Rabinovich; Keith J. Williams</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">191</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/3838763"> <span id="translatedtitle">TCM on frequency-selective fading channels: a comparison of soft-<span class="hlt">output</span> probabilistic equalizers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Suboptimal, low-complexity nonlinear equalizer structures derived from the probabilistic symbol-by-symbol <span class="hlt">maximum</span> a posteriori probability (MAP) algorithm and the M-ary soft-<span class="hlt">output</span> Viterbi algorithm (SOVA) are investigated. Both algorithms deliver reliability information for each symbol. The complexity of both algorithms in their simplest form is of the order of the conventional reduced-state Viterbi equalizer with hard <span class="hlt">outputs</span>. Simulation results for a terrestrial</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Peter Hoeher</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">192</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.slac.stanford.edu/pubs/apnotes/slac-ap-048.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">OPTIMIZATION OF A LASERTRON DOUBLE <span class="hlt">OUTPUT</span> CAVITY</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Double <span class="hlt">output</span> cavities have been used experimentally to increase the effi- ciency of high-power klystrons (l). We have used particle-in-cell simulations with the 2+1\\/2 dimensional code MASK to optimize the design of double <span class="hlt">output</span> cavities for the lasertron under development at SLAC. We discuss design consid- erations for double <span class="hlt">output</span> cavities (e.g., optimum choice of voltages and phases, efficiency, wall</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">K. R. EPPLEY</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">193</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52946207"> <span id="translatedtitle">Optimization of a lasertron double <span class="hlt">output</span> cavity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Double <span class="hlt">output</span> cavities have been used experimentally to increase the efficiency of high-power klystrons. We have used particle-in-cell simulations with the 2 + 1\\/2 dimensional code MASK to optimize the design of double <span class="hlt">output</span> cavities for the lasertron under development at SLAC. We discuss design considerations for double <span class="hlt">output</span> cavities (e.g., optimum choice of voltages and phases, efficiency, wall interception,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">K. R. Eppley</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">194</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5459364"> <span id="translatedtitle">RV strings of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> curvature</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">To design an effective interceptor for a string of reentry vehicles (RV's) released by a post-boost vehicle (PBV), it is necessary to have information about possible geometries of the string when it reaches a given altitude above the target. The geometry of the string, assumed for simplicity to contain three RV's, is determined by the motion of the PBV which is controlled by varying its thrust direction. Of interest in this study is maximizing the curvature of the string, which is represented by the distance of RV{sub 2} from the line joining RV{sub 1} and RV{sub 3} when RV{sub 1} reaches the intercept attitude, subject to the constraints that all three RV's must land within 3000 ft distance of the target. The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> curvature problem is formulated as a parameter optimization problem and solved by a nonlinear programming code known as GRG2. The thrust angles are assumed to be piecewise linear, and a total of 21 parameters is used. The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> curvature is shown to be approximately 2900 ft. 4 refs., 8 figs.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hull, D.G. (Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States)); Zazworsky, R.M. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">195</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008EPJB...66..279S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cointegration of <span class="hlt">output</span>, capital, labor, and energy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Cointegration analysis is applied to the linear combinations of the time series of (the logarithms of) <span class="hlt">output</span>, capital, labor, and energy for Germany, Japan, and the USA since 1960. The computed cointegration vectors represent the <span class="hlt">output</span> elasticities of the aggregate energy-dependent Cobb-Douglas function. The <span class="hlt">output</span> elasticities give the economic weights of the production factors capital, labor, and energy. We find that they are for labor much smaller and for energy much larger than the cost shares of these factors. In standard economic theory <span class="hlt">output</span> elasticities equal cost shares. Our heterodox findings support results obtained with LINEX production functions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stresing, R.; Lindenberger, D.; Kã¼mmel, R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">196</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Prevention+AND+of+AND+infections+AND+control&pg=6&id=EJ366657"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span>: An International Perspective.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Discusses some of the worldwide problems associated with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) and infection with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Calls for programs for the prevention and control of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> as an immediate priority in all countries. (TW)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Piot, Peter; And Others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">197</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA413446"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and National Security.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) has become a rapidly spreading pandemic. Over 22 million people have died of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> since the epidemic began in the 1970s. In 2001, 3 million people died and an estimated 60 million people have been infected with th...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. S. Baldwin T. Biddle</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">198</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ934760.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Aid</span>, Development, and Education</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The world faces pervasive poverty and inequality. Hundreds of billions of dollars in international <span class="hlt">aid</span> have been given or loaned to developing countries though bilateral and multilateral mechanisms, at least, ostensibly, in order to do something about these problems. Has such <span class="hlt">aid</span> helped? Debates around this question have been ongoing for decades,…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Klees, Steven J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">199</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://intl-theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/cgi/reprint/3/4/279.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span>-Related Malignancies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">OVERVIEW OF MALIGNANCY IN PATIENTS WITH <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Despite the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy, the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-asso- ciated malignancies has not decreased. The United States Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has determined that Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (including pri- mary central nervous system lymphoma), and cervical carci- noma define the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">G. MICHAEL WOOL</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">200</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/39171239"> <span id="translatedtitle">Chagas' disease and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Chagas' disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi is an opportunistic infection in the setting of HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. Some individuals with HIV and chronic T. cruzi infection may experience a reactivation, which is most commonly manifested by meningoencephalitis. A reactivation myocarditis is the second most common manifestation. These presentations may be difficult to distinguish from toxoplasmosis in individuals with HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. The overlap of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Anil K Vaidian; Louis M Weiss; Herbert B Tanowitz</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">201</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010AIPC.1309..769R"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Epidemiological models</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The aim of this paper is to present mathematical modelling of the spread of infection in the context of the transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>). These models are based in part on the models suggested in the field of th <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> mathematical modelling as reported by ISHAM [6].</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rahmani, Fouad Lazhar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">202</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/37103221"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and associated malignancies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> associated malignancies (ARL) is a major complication associated with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> patients upon immunosuppression. Chronically immunocompromised patients have a markedly increased risk of developing lymphoproliferative disease. In the era of potent antiretrovirals therapy (ARV), the malignant complications due to HIV-1 infection have decreased in developed nations where ARV is administered, but still poses a major problem in developing countries where</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Charles WOOD; William HARRINGTON</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">203</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2380136"> <span id="translatedtitle">Changing epidemiology of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It has been 15 years since <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> made its first appearance in North America, probably longer worldwide. In that time, our knowledge of the epidemiology of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> has grown and changed. This review highlights significant aspects of the epidemic with particular emphasis on the evolution of this disease in North America.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Donovan, C. A.; Stratton, E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">204</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=SEXUALLY+AND+transmitted+AND+diseases+AND+Prostitution&id=ED328868"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Fact Pack.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The three fact sheets presented in this document address issues surrounding adolescent sexuality and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), especially the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>). The first fact sheet, "Young Women and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>: A Worldwide Perspective," suggests that since open discussions of adolescent sexuality have long been…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Center for Population Options, Washington, DC.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">205</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/k0wp07685g5l8605.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and murder</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study examined whether mental health professionals would differentiate, in terms of confidentiality and a duty to protect, persons with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> (PWAs) who refused to inform their partners from persons with homicidal intent. Six hundred professionals were randomly assigned one of four hypothetical therapy vignettes. In each vignette, the client had either <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> or homicidal intent. The relationship of the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tracy M. Stewartt; N. Dickon Reppucci</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">206</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=employee+AND+termination&pg=4&id=EJ377493"> <span id="translatedtitle">Teachers with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Discusses the application of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 as a legal theory available to an employee of a public school system who faces isolation, transfer, suspension, or termination because of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>). Addresses <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in the workplace and the law. (MLF)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Strope, John L., Jr.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">207</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=132497"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> PUBLIC INFORMATION DATABASE</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Public Information Data Set is computer software designed to run on a Microsoft Windows microcomputer, and contains information abstracted from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) cases reported in the United States. The data set is created by the Division of HIV/A...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">208</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=refrigeration&pg=4&id=ED018650"> <span id="translatedtitle">BIBLIOGRAPHY OF TRAINING <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|THIS COMPILATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> FOR USE IN AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION TRAINING PROGRAMS CONTAINS LISTS OF VISUAL AND AUDIOVISUAL TRAINING <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> AND GUEST LECTURERS AVAILABLE FROM MEMBER COMPANIES OF THE AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION INSTITUTE AS AN INDUSTRY SERVICE TO SCHOOL OFFICIALS INTERESTED IN CONDUCTING SUCH PROGRAMS. THE…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">MCKEONE, CHARLES J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">209</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/26517785"> <span id="translatedtitle">Heat transfer effects on the net work <span class="hlt">output</span> and efficiency characteristics for an air-standard Otto cycle</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Finite-time thermodynamic analysis of an air-standard Otto cycle is performed in this paper. The relation between net work <span class="hlt">output</span> and efficiency of the cycle is derived. The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> net work <span class="hlt">output</span> and the corresponding efficiency bound of the cycle with heat transfer considerations are also found. Detailed numerical examples are given. The result obtained herein provides a guide to the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lingen Chen; Chih Wu; Fengrui Sun; Shui Cao</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">210</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008PMB....53..417F"> <span id="translatedtitle">The impact of linac <span class="hlt">output</span> variations on dose distributions in helical tomotherapy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It has been suggested for quality assurance purposes that linac <span class="hlt">output</span> variations for helical tomotherapy (HT) be within ±2% of the long-term average. Due to cancellation of systematic uncertainty and averaging of random uncertainty over multiple beam directions, relative uncertainties in the dose distribution can be significantly lower than those in linac <span class="hlt">output</span>. The sensitivity of four HT cases with respect to linac <span class="hlt">output</span> uncertainties was assessed by scaling both modeled and measured systematic and random linac <span class="hlt">output</span> uncertainties until a dose uncertainty acceptance criterion failed. The dose uncertainty acceptance criterion required the delivered dose to have at least a 95% chance of being within 2% of the planned dose in all of the voxels in the treatment volume. For a random linac <span class="hlt">output</span> uncertainty of 5% of the long-term mean, the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> acceptable amplitude of the modeled, sinusoidal, systematic component of the linac <span class="hlt">output</span> uncertainty for the four cases was 1.8%. Although the measured linac <span class="hlt">output</span> variations represented values that were outside of the ±2% tolerance, the acceptance criterion did not fail for any of the four cases until the measured linac <span class="hlt">output</span> variations were scaled by a factor of almost three. Thus, the ±2% tolerance in linac <span class="hlt">output</span> variations for HT is a more conservative tolerance than necessary.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Flynn, R. T.; Kissick, M. W.; Mehta, M. P.; Olivera, G. H.; Jeraj, R.; Mackie, T. R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">211</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22594588"> <span id="translatedtitle">Functional electrical stimulation by nanogenerator with 58 V <span class="hlt">output</span> voltage.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We demonstrate a new type of integrated nanogenerator based on arrays of vertically aligned piezoelectric ZnO nanowires. The peak open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current reach a record high level of 58 V and 134 ?A, respectively, with a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power density of 0.78 W/cm(3). The electric <span class="hlt">output</span> was directly applied to a sciatic nerve of a frog, inducing innervation of the nerve. Vibrant contraction of the frog's gastrocnemius muscle is observed as a result of the instantaneous electric input from the nanogenerator. PMID:22594588</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhu, Guang; Wang, Aurelia C; Liu, Ying; Zhou, Yusheng; Wang, Zhong Lin</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-05-18</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">212</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/24480836"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> power spectroscopy of n-type aSi:H, cSi, CdSe, and InP in nonaqueous photoelectrochemical cells</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Amorphous silicon photoanodes in a nonaqueous photoelectrochemical cell show wavelength dependence of their power <span class="hlt">outputs</span>. This behavior has been studied by <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power spectroscopy (MPS) and compared to similar experiments with conventional short-circuit spectroscopy. The derivative <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power <span class="hlt">output</span> under constant chopped input power (MPS) shows dependence on the wavelength distribution in superimposed fixed beams, whereas the conventional short-circuit measurements</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. M. Rosamilia; B. Miller</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">213</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12341552"> <span id="translatedtitle">[<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>: the children also].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is no longer possible for health officials or politicians in Africa to deny the existence of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) in their countries in the name of nationalism. Educational and research programs and appeals for international <span class="hlt">aid</span> to fight the epidemic have become the rule. Almost all sub-Saharan African nations have sought World Health Organization (WHO) assistance for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> control. Children contracting the virus transplacentally before birth are among the population groups most affected by <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. Half of all <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> cases in Africa are women, and their high fertility rates have led to a growing incidence of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in children. Although reliable data are lacking, an estimated 6000 children and babies in Zambia are seropositive or ill, and in Rwanda 22% of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> victims are children. Some 10% of pregnant women in Zaire may carry the virus. Cases of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in children also occur in Europe and the US, where it is estimated that 10,000-20,000 children under 13 will be <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> carriers in 1991. Infants of infected mothers in France have a 50% chance of developing the virus, but in Africa the figure is lower. After birth, incubation of the virus is very rapid. The virus destroys not only T4 lymphocytes, but also the B lymphocytes which protect babies against bacteria. Symptoms appear in the first 6 months: cough, diarrhea, respiratory ailments, bacterial or fungal infections, and neurological problems if the virus attacks the brain. In Africa, use of contaminated needles for vaccinations and contaminated blood for transfusions have also been responsible for infecting some children with the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> virus. The possibility of infection through the mother's milk for breastfeeding babies has been raised; the evidence is inconclusive, but the WHO recommends pasteurization of human milk received by milk banks as a precaution. Prevention and the search for a cure are the most critical needs for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> control. Although moralizing should be avoided, it must be pointed out that sexual promiscuity in Africa is causing great harm, particularly since condoms are so rarely used. Health officials in African countries are now advising that injectable medications be avoided and that sterilized materials be used for circumcisions. At present, no child sick with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> has hope of a cure. Medical attention in Africa as elsewhere is focused on stabilizing the child's condition and avoiding opportunistic infections. Some treatments, such as gamma globuline, which have been effective elsewhere in controlling infections in children with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, are not likely to be widely used in Africa because of their cost. Children with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> are not isolated in Africa. They may attend school and lead otherwise normal lives, without upsetting their neighbors. PMID:12341552</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kpatinde, F</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-10-28</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">214</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3129121"> <span id="translatedtitle">Scottish attitudes to <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recently many approaches have been used to educate the public about the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>). The impact of various campaigns and interventions is difficult to measure, but some indication of the cumulative effect can be monitored over time. This is a report of the results of such a study carried out in Scotland in which the general public's awareness of and attitudes towards HIV and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> were measured in July 1986 and again 1 year later. 3 trends emerge from the surveys. 1) There is evidence of increasing awareness about the broader risk from <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> to the general public as well as to high risk groups of drug misusers and homosexuals. 2) It is clear that there is still great concern about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, with increasing proportions of the population seeing it as a serious social problem. 3) There is a demand for more information about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, especially from young people. Knowledge of the broader risk to heterosexuals from <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> therefore seems to be getting across, although it is clear that there is now considerable anxiety about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, particularly among young people. The findings also suggest that any campaign whose objective is making the public aware of the connection between drug injection and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> is unnecessary, as almost everyone knows this already. The results also show that there is little to be gained by trying to induce fear or anxiety to reinforce existing knowledge of the connection between drugs and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> to deter potential intravenous drug users. Finally, there is a need to address the fact that some people inject drugs despite their knowledge of and fear about the risk of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. PMID:3129121</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hastings, G B; Leathar, D S; Scott, A C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">215</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/34638694"> <span id="translatedtitle">Foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> and fiscal response: Does <span class="hlt">aid</span> disaggregation matter?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Foreign <span class="hlt">Aid</span> and Fiscal Response: Does <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Disaggregation Matter? —The present paper constitutes a new approach in the <span class="hlt">aid</span>-effectiveness\\u000a literature in two important respects. Firstly, it develops and then tests a model of foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> and fiscal response, which,\\u000a for the first time in the <span class="hlt">aid</span>-effectiveness literature, embraces the aiddisaggregation issue; we do this by disaggregating\\u000a <span class="hlt">aid</span> flows into three</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">George Mavrotas</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">216</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19547175"> <span id="translatedtitle">All-fiber widely tunable Raman fiber laser with controlled <span class="hlt">output</span> spectrum.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A simple all-fiber widely tunable phosphosilicate Raman fiber laser (RFL) of high efficiency has been developed. The laser has more than 50 nm tuning range, and generates up to 3.2 W of <span class="hlt">output</span> power with 72% <span class="hlt">maximum</span> slope efficiency. The <span class="hlt">output</span> power is almost constant in the range 1258-1303 nm. The width and the spectral power density of the RFL <span class="hlt">output</span> spectrum can be controlled by the detuning of its cavity fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) thus being optimized for efficient frequency doubling. PMID:19547175</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Babin, Sergey A; Churkin, Dmitriy V; Kablukov, Sergey I; Rybakov, Michail A; Vlasov, Alexander A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-06-25</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">217</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007OExpr..15.8438B"> <span id="translatedtitle">All-fiber widely tunable Raman fiber laser with controlled <span class="hlt">output</span> spectrum</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A simple all-fiber widely tunable phosphosilicate Raman fiber laser (RFL) of high efficiency has been developed. The laser has more than 50 nm tuning range, and generates up to 3.2 W of <span class="hlt">output</span> power with 72% <span class="hlt">maximum</span> slope efficiency. The <span class="hlt">output</span> power is almost constant in the range 1258-1303 nm. The width and the spectral power density of the RFL <span class="hlt">output</span> spectrum can be controlled by the detuning of its cavity fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) thus being optimized for efficient frequency doubling.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Babin, Sergey A.; Churkin, Dmitriy V.; Kablukov, Sergey I.; Rybakov, Michail A.; Vlasov, Alexander A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">218</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5480404"> <span id="translatedtitle">Design criteria for multistage microwave amplifiers with match requirements at input and <span class="hlt">output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An approach to the design of multistage microwave amplifiers in a prescribed frequency band with requirements about the transducer gain flatness and the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> magnitude of the reflection coefficient at input and <span class="hlt">output</span> is presented. The interstage equalizers are designed by imposing a suitable constraint on the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> transducer gain, obtainable directly from the specifications; the input and <span class="hlt">output</span> equalizer are obtained by imposing only the matching requirement. The method proposed allows a separate design of each network, which can be performed either through direct optimization or by means of a numerical synthesis.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Macchiarella, G.; Raggi, A.; Lorenzo, E. Di (Politecnico di Milano (Italy). Dipt. di Elettronica)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">219</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA488424"> <span id="translatedtitle">Governance and Foreign <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Allocation.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This dissertation examines whether <span class="hlt">aid</span> allocation patterns affect the outcomes of foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> in promoting economic growth. Specifically, the study explores how different categories of <span class="hlt">aid</span> affect economic growth, whether the quality of governance is signi...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">K. T. Akramov</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">220</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/hiv-aids-and-older-people"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, and Older People</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... normal operations can be found at USA.gov . HIV, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, and Older People Grace was dating again. George, ... fight against <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. What Are the Symptoms of HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>? Many people have no symptoms when they first ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">221</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50334119"> <span id="translatedtitle">A study on a two stage <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking control of a photovoltaic system under partially shaded insolation conditions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A photovoltaic (PV) array shows relatively low <span class="hlt">output</span> power density, and has a greatly drooping current-voltage (I-V) characteristic. Therefore, <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking (MPPT) control is used to maximize the <span class="hlt">output</span> power of the PV array. Many papers have been reported in relation to MPPT. However, the current-power (I-P) curve sometimes shows multilocal <span class="hlt">maximum</span> points mode under nonuniform insolation conditions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">K. Kobayashi; I. Takano; Y. Sawada</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">222</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://biomech.media.mit.edu/publications/PaluskaICRA2006.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Series Elasticity and Actuator Power <span class="hlt">Output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this investigation we put forth a simple model to quantify the capacity of series elasticity to increase peak power <span class="hlt">output</span> from an actuator. Using a linear bandwidth limited force source, we show how series spring stiffness and source stroke length effect power <span class="hlt">output</span> to an inertial load. We show that an appropriate spring constant increases the the peak power</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Daniel Paluska; Hugh Herr</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">223</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32691370"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span>: a view from Buffalo</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span> ( Q?) is a primary determinant of blood pressure and O 2 delivery and is critical in the maintenance of homeostasis, particularly during environmental stress. Cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span> can be determined invasively in patients; however, indirect methods are required for other situations. Soluble gas techniques are widely used to determine Q?. Historically, measurements during a breathhold, prolonged expiration and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A. J. Olszowka; B. E. Shykoff; D. R. Pendergast; C. E. G. Lundgren; L. E. Farhi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">224</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/53489642"> <span id="translatedtitle">Design of hydraulic <span class="hlt">output</span> Stirling engine</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A hydraulic <span class="hlt">output</span> system for the RE-1000 free piston stirling engine (FPSE) was designed. The hydraulic <span class="hlt">output</span> system can be readily integrated with the existing hot section of RE-1000 FPSE. The system has two simply supported diaphragms which separate the engine gas from the hydraulic fluid, a dynamic balance mechanism, and a novel, null center band hydraulic pump. The diaphragms</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">W. M. Toscano; A. C. Harvey; K. Lee</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">225</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/53740993"> <span id="translatedtitle">Magnetron with axial <span class="hlt">output</span> of radiation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">As the limiting case of a magnetron with diffraction <span class="hlt">output</span> [1], we consider a magnetron with axial extraction of electromagnetic energy through a cylindrical waveguide joined to the resonant system. A short length of waveguide with small cross section (less than cut off for the radiated wave) is placed between the resonant system and the <span class="hlt">output</span> waveguide to obtain the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. Fuks</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">226</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/55305353"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> structure for buried-channel CCD</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An <span class="hlt">output</span> structure for buried-channel charge coupled devices (CCD) is presented which permits <span class="hlt">output</span> voltage swings of several volts without restricting the design of the buried-channel or requiring excessive drain voltage. Its application to experimental CCD imaging devices is discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">E. S. Schlig; S. G. Chamberlain</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">227</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984ITED...31.1907S"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> structure for buried-channel CCD</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An <span class="hlt">output</span> structure for buried-channel charge coupled devices (CCD) is presented which permits <span class="hlt">output</span> voltage swings of several volts without restricting the design of the buried-channel or requiring excessive drain voltage. Its application to experimental CCD imaging devices is discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schlig, E. S.; Chamberlain, S. G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">228</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/14519758"> <span id="translatedtitle">Efficient input—<span class="hlt">output</span> model representations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A family of multivariate representations is presented to capture the input—<span class="hlt">output</span> relationships of physical systems with many input variables. The high-dimensional model representations (HDMR) are based on the ansatz that for most physical systems, only relatively low order correlations of the input variables will have an impact on the <span class="hlt">output</span>. Application of the HDMR tools can dramatically reduce the computational</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Herschel Rabitz; Ömer F. Ali?; Jeffrey Shorter; Kyurhee Shim</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">229</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8155894"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> usable real-ear insertion gain with ten earmold designs.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present study compared the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> usable real-ear insertion gain (REIG) permitted by 10 earmold designs that varied in the amount of occlusion. These earmolds were coupled to a high-gain hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> (Phonak Super-Front PPCL). In addition, the specificity of a nonoccluding earmold for the Oticon E43 hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> was examined. <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> usable REIG, defined as the insertion gain obtained with the hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> set to just below the point of acoustic feedback after jaw movement, was determined in 10 hearing-impaired subjects. The results showed that earmold style had a significant effect on the magnitude of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> REIG. Among the occluding earmolds, no difference in REIG was noted among the shell, canal, and skeleton earmolds, while the standard earmold permitted the least amount of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> REIG. For the nonoccluding earmolds, those that were more occluding permitted greater REIG than those that were less occluding. The amount of occlusion on a nonoccluding earmold affected the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> REIG provided by the Oticon E43 hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span>. PMID:8155894</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kuk, F K</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">230</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3302120"> <span id="translatedtitle">Neurological complications in <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Neurological complications in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) are an important aspect of this new infectious disease and occur frequently. The existence of neurotropic variants of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the causative agent of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, is probable. Direct infection of the nervous system with HIV leads to a variety of HIV-induced neurological syndromes, the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> dementia complex being its most important representative. In addition, a large number of opportunistic infections and malignancies of the nervous system may complicate the disease. Major aspects of the clinical pictures, rational diagnostic approaches and treatment options of the most important sequels of HIV infection of the nervous system are discussed. PMID:3302120</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fischer, P A; Enzensberger, W</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">231</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7501912"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Thyroid and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Two types of thyroid biochemical abnormalities (TBA) are observed in <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. The unspecific TBA are similar to TBA reported in the Euthyroid Sick Syndrome. An increased serum TBG of unknown origin and a decreased circulating rT3 are the most specific TBA of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. The latter abnormality may be in relation with an elevated level of TNF. The frequency of serum antithyroid antibodies seems higher than in control groups. Opportunistic infections of the thyroid gland or destruction of the thyroid by Kaposi's sarcoma are also reported in <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. PMID:7501912</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bonnyns, M; Bourdoux, P</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">232</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011APS..DFD.M8005H"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> drag reduction asymptote</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Addition of a small amount of long chain polymers to a Newtonian solvent can lead to a dramatic drag reduction in turbulent flows. This effect has been extensively studied since its discovery in the late 1940's. The drag reduction at first is proportional to the polymer concentration (Weisenberg number) but then saturates to the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> drag reduction (MDR) asymptote. It is commonly believed that drag reduction results from an adjustment of the turbulent flow structure due to the action of the polymers. We here present experimental results of turbulent pipe flows using dilute polyacrylamid solutions at relatively large Weisenberg numbers (˜10). Our results show that for relatively low polymer concentrations transition to turbulence is postponed to higher Reynolds numbers. However when the Weisenberg number is increased further we find that the subcritical transition to turbulence, typical for Newtonian pipe flow disappears. Instead a supercritical instability is found at much lower Reynolds numbers which gives rise to a disordered flow. The observed drag of this disordered flow is identical to the well known MDR asymptote.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hof, Björn; Samanta, Devranjan; Wagner, Christian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">233</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012AIPC.1443..290M"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> entropy production in daisyworld</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Daisyworld was first introduced in 1983 by Watson and Lovelock as a model that illustrates how life can influence a planet's climate. These models typically involve modeling a planetary surface on which black and white daisies can grow thus influencing the local surface albedo and therefore also the temperature distribution. Since then, variations of daisyworld have been applied to study problems ranging from ecological systems to global climate. Much of the interest in daisyworld models is due to the fact that they enable one to study self-regulating systems. These models are nonlinear, and as such they exhibit sensitive dependence on initial conditions, and depending on the specifics of the model they can also exhibit feedback loops, oscillations, and chaotic behavior. Many daisyworld models are thermodynamic in nature in that they rely on heat flux and temperature gradients. However, what is not well-known is whether, or even why, a daisyworld model might settle into a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy production (MEP) state. With the aim to better understand these systems, this paper will discuss what is known about the role of MEP in daisyworld models.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Maunu, Haley A.; Knuth, Kevin H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">234</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50720318"> <span id="translatedtitle">Robust LED backlight driver with low <span class="hlt">output</span> voltage drop and hig <span class="hlt">output</span> current accuracy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Constant current regulator for LED backlight system is more and more popular. Some methods are proposed to achieve low voltage drop on <span class="hlt">output</span> power MOSFET. However, inaccurate <span class="hlt">output</span> current due to channel length modulation or the oscillation phenomenon of the <span class="hlt">output</span> current due to instability may occur. In this paper, we analyze the conventional LED driver and disclose the reasons</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tse-Ju Liao; Chern-Lin Chen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">235</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2692541"> <span id="translatedtitle">Robot-<span class="hlt">Aided</span> Neurorehabilitation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Our goal is to apply robotics and automation technology to assist, enhance, quantify, and document neurorehabilitation. This paper reviews a clinical trial involving 20 stroke patients with a prototype robot-<span class="hlt">aided</span> rehabilitation facility developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, (MIT) and tested at Burke Rehabilitation Hospital, White Plains, NY. It also presents our approach to analyze kinematic data collected in the robot-<span class="hlt">aided</span> assessment procedure. In particular, we present evidence 1) that robot-<span class="hlt">aided</span> therapy does not have adverse effects, 2) that patients tolerate the procedure, and 3) that peripheral manipulation of the impaired limb may influence brain recovery. These results are based on standard clinical assessment procedures. We also present one approach using kinematic data in a robot-<span class="hlt">aided</span> assessment procedure.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Krebs, Hermano Igo; Hogan, Neville; Aisen, Mindy L.; Volpe, Bruce T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">236</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8599140"> <span id="translatedtitle">[<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and human rights].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and human rights are closely related issues. This paper describes the relationship between <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and human rights, the impact and consequences of discrimination and the importance of the defense of human rights as a cornerstone strategy in <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> prevention. Some general ethical aspects are addressed and two dilemmas which have been raised by the epidemic are discussed: the apparent conflict between individual and community rights and the reactions of intolerance and repression from those who claim that only through coercive strategies will the epidemic be brought under control. Specific problems in Mexico are described based on data collected at CONASIDA's Human Rights Department between 1992 and 1994. Finally some conclusions are stated emphasizing that, in the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> epidemic, the defense of human rights is the cornerstone of any public health strategy. PMID:8599140</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rico, B; Uribe-Zúñiga, P; Panebianco-Labbé, S; del Río-Chiriboga, C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">237</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://report.nih.gov/NIHfactsheets/ViewFactSheet.aspx?csid=30"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... a man’s risk of acquiring HIV through heterosexual contact–and perhaps could lead to fewer infections in women. Despite this progress, HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> has become a global epidemic. According to the Joint United Nations Program ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">238</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.skinsight.com/firstaid/firstAidHeatstroke.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">Heatstroke, First <span class="hlt">Aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... cloth, and position a fan toward him/her. Evaporation of water on the skin <span class="hlt">aids</span> in cooling. ... may use different cooling techniques that involve immersion, evaporation, or invasive means. Medication may be given to ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">239</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.skinsight.com/firstaid/firstAidUnconsciousness.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">Unconsciousness, First <span class="hlt">Aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... try to determine what caused the loss of consciousness. Check to see if he/she is wearing ... you can determine what caused the loss of consciousness, call emergency medical services and give first <span class="hlt">aid</span> ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">240</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8013185"> <span id="translatedtitle">Public policy and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In summary of some of the major issues raised by <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> (Table 1), social, political, and economic forces all impact on the global outbreak of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. Conversely the epidemiologic and medical realities of this disease have forced a reconsideration of moral and ethical values, prioritization of resource allocation, and pervasion of virtually every aspect of the health care delivery system. Advocates for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> funding have set a model for other espousing the significance of diseases ranging from rare disorders to breast cancer. As this issue was written (summer 1993), it was apparent that attention of the media had shifted to numerous other domestic and foreign concerns. Hopefully, when the Clinics next present perinatal <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, the pendulum will have swung back and there will be a wider variety of effective therapeutic agents available permitting longer survival of greater quality. PMID:8013185</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Evans, H E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">241</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.tsalliance.org/pages.aspx?content=600"> <span id="translatedtitle">Seizure First <span class="hlt">Aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... International Research Conference Highlights Text Size Get Involved SEIZURE FIRST <span class="hlt">AID</span> Download a PDF of this information. There are several kinds of seizures; they all look different, and they require different ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">242</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=N9211057"> <span id="translatedtitle">Range Scheduling <span class="hlt">Aid</span> (RSA).</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Range Scheduling <span class="hlt">Aid</span> (RSA) is presented in the form of the viewgraphs. The following subject areas are covered: satellite control network; current and new approaches to range scheduling; MITRE tasking; RSA features; RSA display; constraint based analytic ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. R. Logan M. K. Pulvermacher</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">243</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001958.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">First <span class="hlt">aid</span> kit</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... and elbow injuries Eye shield, pads, and bandages Latex or non-latex gloves to reduce contamination risk Sterile gauze pads ... instant ice bags First-<span class="hlt">aid</span> manual Hand sanitizer Latex or non-latex gloves to reduce contamination risk ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">244</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=PB95780136"> <span id="translatedtitle">Wake Turbulence Training <span class="hlt">Aid</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The goal of the Wake Turbulence Training <span class="hlt">Aid</span> is to reduce the number of wake-turbulence related accidents and incidents by improving the pilot's and air traffic controller's decision making and situational awareness through increased and shared understand...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">G. C. Hay R. H. Passman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">245</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.healthyroadsmedia.org/titles/EngHIVAIDSGet/enghivaidsget.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Basics - How You Get HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">English - HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Basics - How you get HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> 3 min 30 sec To Listen to the Audio or Read/Print/Save the Handout, Click on a Picture Below To Download These ... National Library of Medicine For more information on HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> see <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.gov</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">246</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/b5369m3870553gl7.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The curse of <span class="hlt">aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> provides a windfall of resources to recipient countries and may result in the same rent seeking behavior as documented\\u000a in the “curse of natural resources” literature. In this paper we discuss this effect and document its magnitude. Using panel\\u000a data for 108 recipient countries in the period 1960–1999, we find that foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> has a negative impact on</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Simeon Djankov; Jose G. Montalvo; Marta Reynal-Querol</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">247</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/media/gottlieb-lg.mov"> <span id="translatedtitle">First <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> patients</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This five minute, forty second video from Howard Hughes Medical Institute showcases Dr. Michael Gottlieb, the first physician to notice the new disease of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. This free video is available in QuicktTime (MOV) and Windows Media formats. It is part of the 2007 Holiday Lectures DVD, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>: Evolution of an Epidemic, available free from HHMI. This and other infectious disease videos are available at: http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/disease/video.html.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI;)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-05-29</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">248</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12290151"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in Mexican prisons.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The human rights organization Americas Watch, which toured Mexican prisons, reported in 1991 that all prisoners with HIV infection in the Mexico City area were housed in a single <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> ward in Santa Marta Prison. In 1991, the 16-bed facility had 15 patients; in 1993, this number had increased by 5. In Mexico City, with 3 prisons holding over 2000 male adults each, there were only 20 known infected prisoners in the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> ward at Santa Marta. In 1991, authorities at Matamoros, in the state of Tamaulipas, insisted that none of their inmates had ever been diagnosed as infected with HIV. The prison physician at Reynosa indicated that only 2 inmates since 1985 had ever been diagnosed as infected. In 1992, the prison in Saltillo, in the state of Coahuila, reported that here had yet to be a single positive test for HIV. The prison at Reynosa held 1500 people and only 2 inmates were diagnosed as having <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> between 1985 and 1991. Prisons at Matamoros and Saltillo held similar numbers but had no experience of infected inmates. A survey of 2 prisons in the state of Tamaulipas indicates that around 12% of the population may use IV drugs, and 9% indicate sharing needles. It is possible for prisoners to die of diseases like pneumonia, associated with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, without the connection to <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> being diagnosed. Each state, and possibly each prison in Mexico, has its own particular <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> policies. Santa Marta was the single facility in Mexico City used to house <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>-infected prisoners, who were segregated. Finally, the prison at Saltillo required all women entering the facility to have a medical examination, including a test for HIV. High-level prison personnel have demonstrated ignorance and fear of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and intolerance of infected prisoners. Mexico must reassess the need to provide adequate medical care to offenders who are sick and dying behind bars. PMID:12290151</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Olivero, J M; Roberts, J B</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">249</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11363087"> <span id="translatedtitle">DHEA and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">DHEA, a hormone used to treat such symptoms as lethargy, sleep disorders, and joint pain, may be facing strict Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requirements in the future. It is currently classified as a food supplement and is available through <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> buyers clubs, but may soon be regulated due to concerns about its possible misuse by athletes. DHEA's background and use as an <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> treatment are reviewed. PMID:11363087</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">James, J S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-19</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">250</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/35618630"> <span id="translatedtitle">Input-<span class="hlt">output</span> simulations of energy, environment, economy interactions in the UK</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper shows how a number of the complex interrelationships between energy, environment and economic welfare can be investigated with the <span class="hlt">aid</span> of a 10-sector input-<span class="hlt">output</span> (I-O) model of the UK, with pollution emission coefficients and a European sulphur deposition vector. The paper reviews relevant past applications of I-O analysis in the energy-environment area and describes the ENDAM program and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">David Hawdon; Peter Pearson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">251</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AIPC.1073..252B"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy Principle for Transportation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this work we deal with modeling of the transportation phenomenon for use in the transportation planning process and policy-impact studies. The model developed is based on the dependence concept, i.e., the notion that the probability of a trip starting at origin i is dependent on the probability of a trip ending at destination j given that the factors (such as travel time, cost, etc.) which affect travel between origin i and destination j assume some specific values. The derivation of the solution of the model employs the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy principle combining a priori multinomial distribution with a trip utility concept. This model is utilized to forecast trip distributions under a variety of policy changes and scenarios. The dependence coefficients are obtained from a regression equation where the functional form is derived based on conditional probability and perception of factors from experimental psychology. The dependence coefficients encode all the information that was previously encoded in the form of constraints. In addition, the dependence coefficients encode information that cannot be expressed in the form of constraints for practical reasons, namely, computational tractability. The equivalence between the standard formulation (i.e., objective function with constraints) and the dependence formulation (i.e., without constraints) is demonstrated. The parameters of the dependence-based trip-distribution model are estimated, and the model is also validated using commercial air travel data in the U.S. In addition, policy impact analyses (such as allowance of supersonic flights inside the U.S. and user surcharge at noise-impacted airports) on air travel are performed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bilich, F.; Dasilva, R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">252</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21643281"> <span id="translatedtitle">Ultrabroadband efficient intracavity XUV <span class="hlt">output</span> coupler.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We report an efficient intracavity XUV <span class="hlt">output</span> coupler based on an anti-reflection-coated grazing incidence plate (GIP). Conceptually, GIP is an extension of a Brewster plate, affording low loss of the circulating fundamental light and serving as a highly efficient, extremely broadband <span class="hlt">output</span> coupler for XUV. Due to the grazing incidence geometry, the short wavelength reflectivity can be extended to the keV range. The first GIP realized shows parameters close to the design. We discuss both the limitations of the GIP in comparison with other XUV <span class="hlt">output</span> couplers and the applicability of the GIP extension at longer wavelengths, down to the MIR. PMID:21643281</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pronin, Oleg; Pervak, Vladimir; Fill, Ernst; Rauschenberger, Jens; Krausz, Ferenc; Apolonski, Alexander</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-05-23</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">253</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1023746"> <span id="translatedtitle">High Energy <span class="hlt">Output</span> Marx Generator Design</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High Energy <span class="hlt">Output</span> Marx Generator Design a design of a six stage Marx generator that has a unipolar pulse waveform of 200 kA in a 50×500 microsecond waveform is presented. The difficulties encountered in designing the components to withstand the temperatures and pressures generated during the <span class="hlt">output</span> pulse are discussed. The unique methods and materials used to successfully overcome these problems are given. The steps necessary to increase the current <span class="hlt">output</span> of this Marx generator design to the meg-ampere region or higher are specified.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Monty Lehmann</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">254</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1154442"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AID</span> and the law</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present state of the law is unsatisfactory. The exact effect on the marriage of the parties has not been decided although in English law if artificial insemination by donor (<span class="hlt">AID</span>) takes place without consent that would appear to be a ground for divorce since 1969. The law regards a child born as a result of <span class="hlt">AID</span> as illegitimate and draws no distinction between the case where the husband consents and where he does not. Theoretically, an offence is committed if the birth entry is falsified, presumably in cases where the husband consents. The <span class="hlt">AID</span> child, like any other illegitimate child, has rights against the natural parents, but he is in a worse position than most illegitimate children, in that he may not have any information about his father. It is now possible to freeze sperm and so preserve it over longer periods. All the problems associated with <span class="hlt">AID</span> are present also when sperm is preserved in banks, but if the law is in an unsatisfactory state in relation to <span class="hlt">AID</span> this is even more true in relation to sperm banks. The main criticism of the Feversham Report (1960) could be that it recommended, broadly speaking, the `status quo' but scientific progress has now overtaken and left the Feversham findings well behind. What, therefore, is required is a full consideration of the subject of <span class="hlt">AID</span> and, on the basis of that, some statutory code regulating all its aspects.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cusine, D J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1975-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">255</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1786270"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in Africa.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Works on epidemiological, and social and behavioral science aspects of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> prevention and support in Africa are reviewed from the 7th Conference on <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. Participants were especially concerned with why <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> spreads at disparate rates in different countries and regions of the world. Research on the casual factors of the spread of HIV generally focused upon patterns of sex behavior, the presence of other STDs, and the effect of circumcision. The roles of certain vaginal tightening agents used by Zairian prostitutes, vaginal bruising and bleeding, sex during menses, and oral contraception were also considered. Further, participants explored the possibility of a more coordinated, integrated approach to research and intervention development between the medical and social disciplines, and expressed the overall need for concurrent mass education interventions. In the face of ever increasing rates of HIV infection, including vertical transmission, making condoms ubiquitous, affordable, and highly publicized should garner higher general acceptance and use rates in these populations. Papers and models on the micro- and macro-socioeconomic impact of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> were finally discussed, followed by recommendations for a complete reassessment and reworking of policy for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> prevention. <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> activities should, in fact, be integrated into the daily fabric of society, with prevention measures considered an ultimate necessity for social survival. PMID:1786270</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wilson, D; Armstrong, M; Lavelle, S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">256</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5583881"> <span id="translatedtitle">Geometrical entity and operation unification for computer-<span class="hlt">aided</span> design and manufacture</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Three major issues faced by the software developer of a CAD/CAM system for the design and manufacturing industries are reducing the development time for a desired level of system capability, making the system expandable, and maintaining a desired tolerance for all geometric operations while simultaneously achieving a minimal memory requirement of operator <span class="hlt">output</span>. This dissertation presents a completely unified approach to the construction of a geometric modeler for computer <span class="hlt">aided</span> design and manufacture. The completely unified geometric modeler not only unifies the geometric representation for all geometric entities, but also unifies geometric operations to be performed on those entities, hence the term, Geometrical Entity and Operation Unification. Since Geometrical Entity Unification guarantees the functional equivalence of all geometric entities, geometric operations are performed with equal facility on all entities. With Geometrical Operation Unification, only a very small family of geometric operation procedures need to be coded, where a single operator procedure is able to perform many familiar operations when given various input parameters. The unification of entities and operations achieves the minimum development time with <span class="hlt">maximum</span> capability and expandability. GEU-maker, the unifying computation engine of every geometric operation, is also presented in this dissertation. The GEU-maker is the single mechanism employed by each geometric operator to compute a result which achieves near minimum representation and which maintains a given tolerance of tau from the true result relative to a minimum-<span class="hlt">maximum</span> norm.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Seidman, G.R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">257</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=brochure+AND+use+AND+for+AND+health+AND+promotion&id=ED375934"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mommy, Daddy--What's <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This brochure is designed to help parents answer the questions that their children may ask them about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) and the Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV), the virus that causes <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. It provides basic information about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and HIV, as well as sources for further information, such as the National <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Hotline.…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates and Practitioners, Cherry Hill, NJ.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">258</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/35692920"> <span id="translatedtitle">Optimal foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> and tariffs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper investigates the optimal choice of foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> when trade policies are decided in a non-cooperative fashion. Three alternative scenarios, depending on the timing of the actions and on whether <span class="hlt">aid</span> is tied, are analyzed. It is shown that, in the case where <span class="hlt">aid</span> is decided before tariffs, untied <span class="hlt">aid</span> can lead to the reduction of the recipient's optimal</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sajal Lahiri; Pascalis Raimondos-Møller; Kar-yiu Wong; Alan D. Woodland</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">259</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2637751"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and racism in America.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Institutionalized racism affects general health care as well as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) health intervention and services in minority communities. The overrepresentation of minorities in various disease categories, including <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, is partially related to racism. The national response to the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> epidemic in minority communities has been slow, showing an insensitivity to ethnic diversity in prevention efforts and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> health services.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hutchinson, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">260</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.healthyroadsmedia.org/titles/EngHIVAIDSTests/enghivaidstests.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Basics - Testing</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/videosandcooltools.html">MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools</a></p> <p class="result-summary">English - HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Basics - Testing for HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> 3 min 25 sec To Listen to the Audio or Read/Print/Save the Handout, Click on a Picture Below To Download ... 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class="hlt">AIDS</span> This information in Spanish ( en español ) The human immunodeficiency (IH-myoo-noh-di-FISH-uhn-see) virus, or HIV, ... HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> email updates. Enter email address Submit HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> news September 23, 2013 - Nail Fungus Drug Might ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">262</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.healthyroadsmedia.org/titles/EngHIVAIDSPrevention/enghivaidsprevention.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Basics - Prevention</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/videosandcooltools.html">MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools</a></p> <p class="result-summary">English - HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Basics - Prevention of HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> 3 min 0 sec To Listen to the Audio or Read/Print/Save the Handout, Click on a Picture Below To Download ... National Library of Medicine For more information on HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> see <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.gov</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">263</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=caring+AND+elderly&pg=7&id=ED417128"> <span id="translatedtitle">Answering Your Questions about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This book focuses on <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> education and answers 350 commonly asked questions about Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) taken from questions addressed to two major urban <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> hotlines (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Houston, Texas). Chapter 1, "HIV - The Virus That Causes <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>," discusses: the HIV virus;…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kalichman, Seth C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">264</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/35692867"> <span id="translatedtitle">Foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> and illegal immigration</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We develop a two-country model of illegal immigration. We analyse the effect of foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> on illegal immigration, and consider both exogenous and endogenous income repatriation. In the former, an increase in <span class="hlt">aid</span> increases illegal immigration if the total amount of <span class="hlt">aid</span> is small. A transfer of resources from border control to <span class="hlt">aid</span> increases illegal immigration when the total amount</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Helena Gaytán-Fregoso; Sajal Lahiri</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">265</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22stafford%22&pg=6&id=ED446703"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Student Guide: Financial <span class="hlt">Aid</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This publication explains what federal student financial <span class="hlt">aid</span> is and what types of student <span class="hlt">aid</span> are available. Two introductory sections present: federal student <span class="hlt">aid</span> at-a-glance (what it is, who gets it, and how to get it) and finding out about student <span class="hlt">aid</span>. The first section presents general information on the following subjects: student…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Department of Education, Washington, DC. Student Financial Assistance.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">266</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA320081"> <span id="translatedtitle">Linkage Between Environmental <span class="hlt">Outputs</span> and Human Services.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The objectives of the work unit are to: (1) identify relevant socioeconomic use and nonuse values associated with environmental projects; (2) improve the linkages between environmental <span class="hlt">output</span> measures and necessary inputs for socioeconomic evaluation; (3)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">R. A. Cole J. B. Loomis T. D. Feather D. T. Capan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">267</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA216797"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> Performance of Idealized Microwave Power Amplifiers.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Output</span> power, efficiency, power dissipation and optimum load resistance expressions for idealized microwave class A and class B power amplifiers are derived based on a waveform analysis. The effects of device transconductance variation with bias and circu...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">L. J. Kushner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">268</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=AD708378"> <span id="translatedtitle">Switching Inverter with Sine-Wave <span class="hlt">Output</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A relatively simple method of obtaining a multiple-stepped sine-wave <span class="hlt">output</span> using semiconductor devices as switches was developed. This circuit employs Triacs as power switches, requiring approximately one-fourth the number of switches normally required b...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. M. Marzolf</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1970-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">269</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21532114"> <span id="translatedtitle">Coupling <span class="hlt">output</span> of multichannel high power microwaves</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The coupling <span class="hlt">output</span> of multichannel high power microwaves is a promising technique for the development of high power microwave technologies, as it can enhance the <span class="hlt">output</span> capacities of presently studied devices. According to the investigations on the spatial filtering method and waveguide filtering method, the hybrid filtering method is proposed for the coupling <span class="hlt">output</span> of multichannel high power microwaves. As an example, a specific structure is designed for the coupling <span class="hlt">output</span> of S/X/X band three-channel high power microwaves and investigated with the hybrid filtering method. In the experiments, a pulse of 4 GW X band beat waves and a pulse of 1.8 GW S band microwave are obtained.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Li Guolin; Shu Ting; Yuan Chengwei; Zhang Jun; Yang Jianhua; Jin Zhenxing; Yin Yi; Wu Dapeng; Zhu Jun; Ren Heming; Yang Jie [College of Optoelectric Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-12-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">270</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.mit.edu/~esontag/FTP_DIR/ioss.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Input-<span class="hlt">Output</span>-to-State Stability</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This work explores Lyapunov characterizations of the input-<span class="hlt">output</span>-to-state stability (IOSS) property for nonlinear systems. The notion of IOSS is a natural generalization of the standard zero-detectability property used in the linear case. The main contribution of this work is to establish a complete equivalence between the input-<span class="hlt">output</span>-to-state stability property and the existence of a certain type of smooth Lyapunov function.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mikhail Krichmanand; Eduardo D. Sontag; Yuan Wang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">271</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/265491"> <span id="translatedtitle">Input-<span class="hlt">Output</span>-to-State Stability</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This work explores Lyapunov characterizations of the input-<span class="hlt">output</span>-to-state stability (ioss) property for nonlinear systems. The notion of ioss is a natural generalization of the standard zero-detectability property used in the linear case. The main contribution of this work is to establish a complete equivalence between the input-<span class="hlt">output</span>-to-state stability property and the existence of a certain type of smooth Lyapunov function.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mikhail Krichman; Eduardo D. Sontag; Yuan Wang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">272</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/56836900"> <span id="translatedtitle">CHARACTERIZING DETONATOR <span class="hlt">OUTPUT</span> USING DYNAMIC WITNESS PLATES</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A sub-microsecond, time-resolved micro-particle-image velocimetry (PIV) system is developed to investigate the <span class="hlt">output</span> of explosive detonators. Detonator <span class="hlt">output</span> is directed into a transparent solid that serves as a dynamic witness plate and instantaneous shock and material velocities are measured in a two-dimensional plane cutting through the shock wave as it propagates through the solid. For the case of unloaded initiators</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Michael J. Murphy; Ronald J. Adrian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">273</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/54353668"> <span id="translatedtitle">Characterizing Detonator <span class="hlt">Output</span> Using Dynamic Witness Plates</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A sub-microsecond, time-resolved micro-particle-image velocimetry (PIV) system is developed to investigate the <span class="hlt">output</span> of explosive detonators. Detonator <span class="hlt">output</span> is directed into a transparent solid that serves as a dynamic witness plate and instantaneous shock and material velocities are measured in a two-dimensional plane cutting through the shock wave as it propagates through the solid. For the case of unloaded initiators</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Michael John Murphy; Ronald J. Adrian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">274</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48058792"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Walrasian <span class="hlt">output</span> beats the market</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We show that for any market-clearing price, average profits in a symmetric industry cannot exceed the individual profits from\\u000a the Walrasian <span class="hlt">output</span>. This implies that a firm itself can guarantee it will beat the market by producing the Walrasian <span class="hlt">output</span>.\\u000a This property clarifies and generalizes the conditions used in the literature to prove the success of Walrasian behavior from\\u000a an</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Antonio J. Morales; Gonzalo Fernández-de-Córdoba</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">275</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48449745"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> regulation of a flexible robot arm</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The problem of controlling the motion of a one-link flexible robot arm is considered. A nonlinear dynamic model is derived\\u000a assuming that the flexibility is represented by elastic springs along the link. Taking as <span class="hlt">output</span> the end-effector angular\\u000a position, the resulting zero-dynamics is unstable. Therefore, inversion-based controllers cannot be used for tracking of <span class="hlt">output</span>\\u000a trajectories. Instead, it is shown here</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A. De Luca; L. Lanari; G. Ulivi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">276</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1457113"> <span id="translatedtitle">Equal gain transmission in multiple-input multiple-<span class="hlt">output</span> wireless systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Multiple-input multiple-<span class="hlt">output</span> (MIMO) wireless systems are of interest due to their ability to provide substantial gains in capacity and quality. The paper proposes equal gain transmission (EGT) to provide diversity advantage in MIMO systems experiencing Rayleigh fading. The applications of EGT with selection diversity combining, equal gain combining, and <span class="hlt">maximum</span> ratio combining are addressed. It is proven that systems using</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">David J. Love</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">277</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/26954841"> <span id="translatedtitle">Control of induction motors via feedback linearization with input-<span class="hlt">output</span> decoupling</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In induction motor control, power efficiency is an important factor to be considered. We attempt to achieve both high dynamic performance and <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power efficiency by means of linear decoupling of rotor speed (or motor torque) and rotor flux. The induction motor with our controller possesses the input-<span class="hlt">output</span> dynamic characteristics of a linear system such that the rotor speed (or</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">DONG-IL KIM; IN-JOONG HA; MYOUNG-SAM KO</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">278</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50657835"> <span id="translatedtitle">Space traveling wave tube amplifiers with on-orbit flexible saturated <span class="hlt">output</span> power</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper describes several approaches to achieving adjustable power <span class="hlt">output</span> from a traveling wave tube amplifier. It can be adjusted in flight for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> flexibility in matching the amplifier capability to the applicationpsilas need. The efficiency can be maximized without changing the hardware.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thomas K. Phelps; John D. McDowell; William L. Menninger</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">279</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58319806"> <span id="translatedtitle">Phytosanitary Regulation and Agricultural Trade Flows: Tobacco Inputs and Cigarettes <span class="hlt">Outputs</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper examines the effects of the use of increasingly-popular phytosanitary regulations on production costs, and <span class="hlt">output</span> and factor trade flows. The case addressed is that of the European regulation of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> chemical residues in cigarettes manufactured with tobacco containing maleic hydrazide. The paper presents simulations of the effects of tightening the EU regulation on the tobacco growing and manufacturing</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Benny E. Overton; John C. Beghin; William E. Foster</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">280</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/r720p57246m53g48.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Hybrid Ant-Based Approach to the Economic Triangulation Problem for Input-<span class="hlt">Output</span> Tables</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Triangulation Problem for Input-<span class="hlt">Output</span> Matrices has been intensively studied in order to understand the complex series of interactions among the sectors of an economy. The problem refers to finding a simultaneously permutation of rows and columns of a matrix such as the sum of the entries which are above the main diagonal is <span class="hlt">maximum</span>. This is a linear ordering</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Camelia-mihaela Pintea; Gloria Cerasela Crisan; Camelia Chira; Dumitru Dumitrescu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a 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title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">281</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7372467"> <span id="translatedtitle">Foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> for abortion.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">One of the most sensitive subjects in the field of non military foreign assistance is <span class="hlt">aid</span> for abortion. Consequently, it is very difficult to gather data. Information from interviews was combined with scattered fragments of existing data in the effort to construct a composite picture of the international abortion scene. Apart from any outside intervention, induced abortion is a common practice in developing countries. Abortion is frequent and is a prominent cause of death and illness among women of childbearing age. Foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> is a small proportion of the total <span class="hlt">aid</span> for population activities, and, with the exception of the United Nations agencies, most organizations supplying funds for abortion operate on a clandestine and usually illegal basis. The most common type of foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> involves the technique known as uterine aspiration, which goes under various code phases. Abortion can be a profit-making proposition in developing countries. In the United States the politics of abortion have had an overwhelming impact on foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> for abortion. As of 1979 only a handful of international donors were involved in direct support of abortion activities in the developing countries; others provided indirect assistance for research, meetings, and information activities. The Agency for International Development (<span class="hlt">AID</span>) was an ardent supporter of abortion until it was brought to a standstill by the Helms Amendment of 1973. <span class="hlt">AID</span> was forced to withdraw from most abortion activities. The only agencies operating openly in this field are the World Bank and the United Nations Fund for Population Activities. The International Planned Parenthood Federation has been the most outspoken advocate of legal abortion services in developing countries. PMID:7372467</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Warwick, D P</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">282</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3250143"> <span id="translatedtitle">Scaffold number in yeast signaling system sets tradeoff between system <span class="hlt">output</span> and dynamic range</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Although the proteins comprising many signaling systems are known, less is known about their numbers per cell. Existing measurements often vary by more than 10-fold. Here, we devised improved quantification methods to measure protein abundances in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae pheromone response pathway, an archetypical signaling system. These methods limited variation between independent measurements of protein abundance to a factor of two. We used these measurements together with quantitative models to identify and investigate behaviors of the pheromone response system sensitive to precise abundances. The difference between the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> and basal signaling <span class="hlt">output</span> (dynamic range) of the pheromone response MAPK cascade was strongly sensitive to the abundance of Ste5, the MAPK scaffold protein, and absolute system <span class="hlt">output</span> depended on the amount of Fus3, the MAPK. Additional analysis and experiment suggest that scaffold abundance sets a tradeoff between <span class="hlt">maximum</span> system <span class="hlt">output</span> and system dynamic range, a prediction supported by recent experiments.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thomson, Ty M.; Benjamin, Kirsten R.; Bush, Alan; Love, Tonya; Pincus, David; Resnekov, Orna; Yu, Richard C.; Gordon, Andrew; Colman-Lerner, Alejandro; Endy, Drew; Brent, Roger</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">283</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2072691"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prediction of deterioration in hearing due to hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> use.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">There is a definite risk of overamplification by hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>. Guidelines should therefore be established that will minimize the risk of damage to hearing involved in hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> use. A mathematical model that can be used for this purpose is derived from equations for predicting noise-induced permanent threshold shift given in International Standard ISO 1999 combined with the Modified Power Law. The model implies that any noise exposure that would cause deterioration of the hearing threshold levels of a person with normal hearing would also be harmful to the hearing of a person with sensorineural hearing impairment. It follows that, in order to ensure that no deterioration occurs in the hearing of a hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> user, the <span class="hlt">output</span> levels from the <span class="hlt">aid</span> must be such that they would not cause any damage to a person with normal hearing. This constraint can be met for hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> users with mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss but cannot be met for users with severe-to-profound loss because it would result in the provision of insufficient gain, particularly at the higher frequencies. If the model is valid, then for this group, some appropriately small amount of hearing damage must be accepted as the cost of the advantages gained from the use of a hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span>. Verification of the model is essential before the model is used in clinical practice to determine the risk of deterioration in hearing due to hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> use. PMID:2072691</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Macrae, J H</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">284</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50217080"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> power point tracking control of photovoltaic generation system under non-uniform insolation by means of monitoring cells</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A photovoltaic power generation system (PV system) is operated under various insolation conditions. Sometimes the PV system is operated under nonuniform insolation, which may generate several <span class="hlt">maximum</span> <span class="hlt">output</span> power points on the V-I curve of the PV array and raises serious problem on <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking (MPPT) control of the system. In order to solve this problem, the authors</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kei Irisawa; Takeshi Saito; I. Takano; Y. Sawada</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">285</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/wp/pgy/016.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Global Trends in <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Mortality</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">\\u000a This chapter reviews the evolution of the HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> epidemic and provides estimates of past trends and future projections of\\u000a <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> mortality indicators, including numbers of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> deaths, the proportion of all deaths that are due to <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, and life expectancy.\\u000a In 2007, a total of 2.0 million men, women, and children died of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> worldwide. The death toll will remain</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">John P. Bongaarts; François Pelletier; Patrick Gerland</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">286</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=DE99613666"> <span id="translatedtitle">Topics in Bayesian statistics and <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Notions of Bayesian decision theory and <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy methods are reviewed with particular emphasis on probabilistic inference and Bayesian modeling. The axiomatic approach is considered as the best justification of Bayesian analysis and <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">R. Mutihac A. Cicuttin A. Cerdeira C. Stanciulescu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">287</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title20-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title20-vol1-sec229-48.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">20 CFR 229.48 - Family <span class="hlt">maximum</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Family <span class="hlt">maximum</span>. 229.48 Section 229.48 Employees...Computation of the Overall Minimum Rate § 229.48 Family <span class="hlt">maximum</span>. (a) Family <span class="hlt">maximum</span> defined. Under the Social...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">288</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2629927"> <span id="translatedtitle">Impact of quality strategies on hospital <span class="hlt">outputs</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Context: This study was part of the Methods of Assessing Response to Quality Improvement Strategies (MARQuIS) research project on patients crossing borders, a study to investigate quality improvement strategies in healthcare systems across the European Union (EU). Aim: To explore the association between the implementation of quality improvement strategies in hospitals and hospitals’ success in meeting defined quality requirements that are considered intermediate <span class="hlt">outputs</span> of the care process. Methods: Data regarding the implementation of seven quality improvement strategies (accreditation, organisational quality management programmes, audit and internal assessment of clinical standards, patient safety systems, clinical practice guidelines, performance indicators and systems for obtaining patients’ views) and four dimensions of <span class="hlt">outputs</span> (clinical, safety, patient-centredness and cross-border patient-centredness) were collected from 389 acute care hospitals in eight EU countries using a web-based questionnaire. In a second phase, 89 of these hospitals participated in an on-site audit by independent surveyors. Pearson correlation and linear regression models were used to explore associations and relations between quality improvement strategies and achievement of <span class="hlt">outputs</span>. Results: Positive associations were found between six internal quality improvement strategies and hospital <span class="hlt">outputs</span>. The quality improvement strategies could be reasonably subsumed under one latent index which explained about half of their variation. The analysis of <span class="hlt">outputs</span> concluded that the <span class="hlt">outputs</span> can also be considered part of a single construct. The findings indicate that the implementation of internal as well as external quality improvement strategies in hospitals has beneficial effects on the hospital <span class="hlt">outputs</span> studied here. Conclusion: The implementation of internal quality improvement strategies as well as external assessment systems should be promoted.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sunol, R; Vallejo, P; Thompson, A; Lombarts, M J M H; Shaw, C D; Klazinga, N</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">289</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2954419"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AID</span> AND SOMATIC HYPERMUTATION</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In response to an assault by foreign organisms, peripheral B cells can change their antibody affinity and isotype by somatically mutating their genomic DNA. The ability of a cell to modify its DNA is exceptional in light of the potential consequences of genetic alterations to cause human disease and cancer. Thus, as expected, this mechanism of antibody diversity is tightly regulated and coordinated through one protein, activation induced deaminase (<span class="hlt">AID</span>). <span class="hlt">AID</span> produces diversity by converting cytosine to uracil within the immunoglobulin loci. The deoxyuracil residue is mutagenic when paired with deoxyguanosine, since it mimics thymidine during DNA replication. Additionally, B cells can manipulate the DNA repair pathways so that deoxyuracils are not faithfully repaired. Therefore, an intricate balance exists which is regulated at multiple stages to promote mutation of immunoglobulin genes, while retaining integrity of the rest of the genome. Here we discuss and summarize the current understanding of how <span class="hlt">AID</span> functions to cause somatic hypermutation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Maul, Robert W.; Gearhart, Patricia J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">290</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/919141"> <span id="translatedtitle">Recapture training <span class="hlt">aid</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The breacher's training <span class="hlt">aid</span> described in this report was designed to simulate features of magazine and steel-plate doors. The training <span class="hlt">aid</span> enables breachers to practice using their breaching tools on components that they may encounter when attempting to enter a facility. Two types of fixtures were designed and built: (1) a large fixture incorporates simulated hinges, hasps, lock shrouds, and pins, and (2) a small fixture simulates the cross section of magazine and steel-plate doors. The small fixture consists of steel plates on either side of a structural member, such as an I-beam. The report contains detailed descriptions and photographs of the training <span class="hlt">aids</span>, assembly instructions, and drawings.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pacheco, James Edward</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">291</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20408798"> <span id="translatedtitle">Drugs for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, the fatal disease, caused in human by the fast spreading human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), was detected in 1981. To check its rapid growth, affecting various parts of the world population, there are various FDA approved drugs, released in the market for treating <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. These belong to 5 different categories which differ in their mechanism of action. These are i) reverse transcriptase inhibitors, ii) protease inhibitors, iii) fusion inhibitors, iv) entry inhibitors and v) HIV integrase strand transfer inhibitors. These drugs are mostly used in a combination therapy, named as Highly Active Anti Retroviral Therapy (HAART), using 2 to 3 compounds in combination, for a more effective and beneficial treatment. However, none of the drugs can be considered ideal for curing the disease. A study of structural requirement for different types of anti-HIV activities may help in designing a suitable drug for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. PMID:20408798</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ray, S; Fatima, Z; Saxena, A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">292</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=49156"> <span id="translatedtitle">RELATING ERROR BOUNDS FOR <span class="hlt">MAXIMUM</span> CONCENTRATION ESTIMATES TO DIFFUSION METEOROLOGY UNCERTAINTY (JOURNAL VERSION)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The paper relates the magnitude of the error bounds of data, used as inputs to a Gaussian dispersion model, to the magnitude of the error bounds of the model <span class="hlt">output</span>. The research addresses the uncertainty in estimating the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> concentrations from elevated buoyant sources duri...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">293</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/348367"> <span id="translatedtitle">Estimation of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power supply noise for deep sub-micron designs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We propose a new technique for generating a small set of patterns to estimate the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power supply noise of deep sub-micron designs. We first build the charge\\/discharge current and <span class="hlt">output</span> voltage waveform libraries for each cell, taking power and ground pin characteristics, the power net RC and other input characteristics as parameters. Based on the cells' current and voltage</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yi-Min Jiang; Kwang-Ting Cheng; An-Chang Deng</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">294</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50718613"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Power Point Tracking of Wind Energy Conversion Systems Based on Sliding Mode Extremum Seeking Control</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper presents a novel <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking (MPPT) control method for variable-speed constant-frequency wind energy conversion systems (WECS). The proposed tracking method combines the ideas of sliding mode (SM) control and extremum seeking control (ESC). The only input needed in this method is the <span class="hlt">output</span> active power of the generator. It avoids some difficult problems in traditional tracking</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tinglong Pan; Zhicheng Ji; Zhenhua Jiang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">295</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3147672"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span>--legal issues.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Legal issues worldwide prompted by the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> epidemic are discussed, in a general way, since legal systems vary widely in different countries and localities. WHO publishes a tabulation of legal instruments dealing with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and HIV infection. Criminal laws intended to protect people from harm from HIV infection have been enacted, such as a penalty for unprotected sexual intercourse by infected persons, in some Australian states. Knowing spread of HIV already amounts to a crime in many systems. The U.S. Supreme Court has already ruled that states do not violate the constitution for punishing homosexuals for consensual sodomy, nor the Army for discharging homosexuals. Quarantine law is a civil matter, but may provide penalties stricter than criminal penalties, without as much protection. No quarantines against <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> have been enacted, although some countries require screening of immigrants. Legal issues regarding screening, liability of suppliers of blood products, and tracing of sexual partners are much discussed. Stigmatization of minority and alienated groups such as homosexuals, prostitutes, migrants, drug users and prisoners is a tricky legal problem. The apparent failure of the criminalization of drug users and how to contain the spread of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> into the drug free population may prompt drastic new solutions. Other legal issues drawing attention include regulation of health insurance, changes in family law, pre-marriage HIV tests, screening for HIV ostensibly to detect HIV-associated dementia, liability protection for developers and testers of vaccines, and euthanasia and the treatment of the deceased. The legal system tends to lag behind medicine. In the case of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, it cannot afford to delay, therefore effective legal strategies will include effective media presentation of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> information to the general public; ready and cheap supply of condoms; and a new approach to illegal drugs. PMID:3147672</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kirby, M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">296</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1991nasa.reptT....J"> <span id="translatedtitle">Visual <span class="hlt">aid</span> for the hearing impaired</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A multichannel electronic visual <span class="hlt">aid</span> device which is able to signal to the user whether sound is coming from the left or right, front or back, or both is presented. For the plurality of channels, which may operate in pairs, the sound is picked up by a respective microphone and amplified and rectified into a DC voltage. The DC voltage is next fed to an analog to digital converter and then to a digital encoder. The binary code from the encoder is coupled into a logic circuit where the binary code is decoded to proved a plurality of <span class="hlt">output</span> levels which are used to drive an indicator which, in turn, provides a visual indication of the sound level received. The binary codes for each pair of channels are also fed into a digital comparator. The <span class="hlt">output</span> of the comparator is used to enable the logic circuits of the two channels such that if, for example, the signal coming from the right is louder than that coming from the left, the <span class="hlt">output</span> of the logic unit of the right channel will be enabled and the corresponding indicator activated, indicating the sound source on the right. An indication of the loudness is also provided. One embodiment of the invention may be carried by the hearing impaired or deaf, as a system which is embedded into eye glasses or a cap. Another embodiment of the invention may be integrated with a vehicle to give a hearing impaired or deaf driver a warning, with a directional indication, that an emergency vehicle is in the vicinity. In this second embodiment, the emergency vehicle transmits a radio frequency signal which would be used as an enabling signal for the visual <span class="hlt">aid</span> device to avoid false alarms from traffic and other sound sources in the vicinity of the driver's vehicle.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jhabvala, Murzban D.; Lin, Hung C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">297</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://aidscience.org/neuroaids/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Neuro<span class="hlt">AIDS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Neuro<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> is a Science Online experiment to "determine whether the creation of an on-line knowledge environment centered around one scientific area can foster increased collaboration among scientists." Funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the site consists of web-based articles on the topic and discussions of both neuro<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and the uses of the Internet for the scientific community. Both of these focuses are extended in the News and Resources sections which link to current news updates from various sources including the American Association for the Advancement of Science's EurekAlert!, related citations to relevant journal articles, and Internet resources including software.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">298</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12281463"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>)].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Although not as common as for males, 4-7% of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> reports are in females, therefore allowing the possibility of perinatal transmission. Some routes of transmission are suspected: 1) intrauterine transmission, 2) during delivery, 3) breastfeeding, 4) direct contact between parents and infant. Some studies suggest that pregnancy increases the likelihood for disease development. The HTLV-III virus has been identified in breast milk, therefore breastfeeding is not recommended to mothers with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. The HIV test is recommended to pregnant women with evidence of infections or that have been using IV drugs, women from high incidence areas, prostitutes, and those with high risk group partners. PMID:12281463</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Camano, L; Dos Santos, J F; Bertini, A M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">299</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/6377401"> <span id="translatedtitle">Satellite graphics <span class="hlt">output</span> station. [PAGES System</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Los Alamos National Laboratory Computer Division has developed a satellite graphics <span class="hlt">output</span> station. This station serves to directly accept user requests for <span class="hlt">output</span> via a large computer network. The system orders these requests and schedules <span class="hlt">output</span> on one of several devices consistently with the user's request and the overall job turnaround requirements of the Laboratory. The system translates a standard Metafile into a device-specific format and efficiently generates the requested <span class="hlt">output</span>. At this same time, PAGES provides some graphics processing, previously provided by the large supercomputers. The system provides current information on queues, jobs being processed, and the devices. An effective quality control program is an integral part of the system design. This system will continue to reduce user interface changes, hold down operational cost, make effective use of supercomputer time, and produce quality <span class="hlt">output</span>. The system was made possible by LANL standardization efforts including development of the Common Graphics System, the CGS Metafile, the standard file header and ICN standards.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wolf, R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">300</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.finaid.org/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fin<span class="hlt">Aid</span>: The Financial <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Information Page</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Maintained by Mark Kantrowitz and sponsored by the National Association of Student Financial <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Administrators (NASFAA), the Financial <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Information Page is one of the finest online sources of free information and guidance on student financial <span class="hlt">aid</span>. The site is divided into categories which address various aspects of finding and securing <span class="hlt">aid</span>. The Assistance section includes an overview of financial <span class="hlt">aid</span>, a glossary, a bibliography, and scam alerts. Under Tools users will find Kantrowitz's financial <span class="hlt">aid</span> calculators, which help students and their parents better plan their financial futures. The core of the site is the collection of links to databases of <span class="hlt">aid</span> sources, lists of lenders and loan guarantors, government information, and links to major scholarship and fellowship sources such as FastWEB, SRN Express, and ExPAN. Fin<span class="hlt">Aid</span> is an excellent place for students at any level to begin their electronic search for funding.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kantrowitz, Mark.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return 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onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">301</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9269617"> <span id="translatedtitle">Near continuous cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span> by thermodilution.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A new thermodilution method for frequent (near continuous) estimation of cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span>, without manual injection of fluid into the blood, was tested. The method utilizes a pulmonary artery catheter equipped with a fluid filled heat exchanger. The technique is based on cyclic cooling of the blood in the right atrium and measurement of the temperature changes in the pulmonary artery. Using this technique, a new estimate of cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span> can be obtained every 32 s. Cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span> estimates, obtained for a running mean of three measurements with this method, were compared to the mean of three conventional thermodilution measurements. The measurements were obtained during short periods of stable respiration and circulation. In six pigs, we made 46 paired measurements of conventional thermodilution (TD) and near continuous (TDc) thermodilution. The cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span> (COTD) ranged from 2.4-13.7 l/min (mean 5.4 l/min). The best linear fit through the paired data points was COTDc = -0.57 + 1.01 COTD. The mean difference between the methods was -0.50 l/min (S.D. = 0.39). The mean coefficient of variation of repeated measurements with the near continuous thermodilution was 3.6%. Considering changes of more than 0.25 l/min to be significant, all changes in cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span> measured by conventional thermodilution were followed by the running mean of three near continuous thermodilution estimates. This study demonstrates the feasibility of the new method to monitor cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span>, and to detect all changes greater than 0.25 l/min. PMID:9269617</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jansen, J R; Johnson, R W; Yan, J Y; Verdouw, P D</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">302</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=advertising+AND+styles&pg=4&id=EJ343674"> <span id="translatedtitle">Newspaper Lesson <span class="hlt">Aids</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Provides photocopy-ready lesson <span class="hlt">aids</span> on story ideas, interviewing, inverted pyramid writing style, newswriting, sports/scavenger hunt, finding feature material, identifying feature leads, feature lead selection, evaluating feature leads, compiling survey material, cutlines, headlines, paste-up rules, advertising, final semester project, newspaper…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Communication: Journalism Education Today (C:JET), 1986</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">303</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=professional+AND+development+AND+in+AND+professional+AND+nursing&pg=5&id=EJ964896"> <span id="translatedtitle">More than First <span class="hlt">Aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The school nurse is an important member of the school team since school health services keep students in school, in the classroom, and ready to learn. Although school nurses are often seen as the people who deliver first <span class="hlt">aid</span> at school, their role is much deeper and has such breadth that only a registered, professional nurse has the skill set to…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schoessler, Sally</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">304</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=computer+AND+aided+AND+manufacturing&id=ED339861"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computer <span class="hlt">Aided</span> Manufacturing.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This document contains course outlines in computer-<span class="hlt">aided</span> manufacturing developed for a business-industry technology resource center for firms in eastern Pennsylvania by Northampton Community College. The four units of the course cover the following: (1) introduction to computer-assisted design (CAD)/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAM); (2) CAM…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Insolia, Gerard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">305</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52385787"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computer-<span class="hlt">aided</span> manufacturing</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present status and near term applications of computer <span class="hlt">aided</span> manufacturing (CAM) is discussed. Introduction of CAM is projected to speed medium range production, for products which are batch processed, and to help ease the shortage of skilled machinists. Primary technical problems are to increase the versatility of the systems, to automate maintenance, and to automate machine component assembly. The</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">E. J. Lerner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">306</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=vehicle+AND+road&pg=2&id=EJ918932"> <span id="translatedtitle">First <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Challenge</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This article describes a challenge wherein students will be asked to design a portable first <span class="hlt">aid</span> kit that is normally carried in a recreational vehicle (RV), but can also be hand-carried or backpacked off road for distances of approximately 1-2 miles. This can be a very practical challenge for the students because it touches everyone. Everybody…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Roman, Harry T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">307</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=safety+AND+in+AND+nursing&pg=4&id=EJ964896"> <span id="translatedtitle">More than First <span class="hlt">Aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The school nurse is an important member of the school team since school health services keep students in school, in the classroom, and ready to learn. Although school nurses are often seen as the people who deliver first <span class="hlt">aid</span> at school, their role is much deeper and has such breadth that only a registered, professional nurse has the skill set to…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schoessler, Sally</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">308</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1236743"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computer <span class="hlt">aided</span> document engineering</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Document Development Life Cycle (DDLC) covers all aspects of the use of structured electronic documents. Without a frame of reference, however, the DDLC lacks a focus to position various critical steps and tools required for the successful design, creation, and use of such documents.This paper describes a vendor-, product- and platform-independent framework named Computer <span class="hlt">Aided</span> Document Engineering (CADE) which</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">G. Ken Holman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">309</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=pediatric+AND+skills&pg=2&id=EJ974969"> <span id="translatedtitle">Parent Hearing <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Experiences</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This study addresses parent experiences in obtaining and managing hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> for their young child. The purpose was to identify challenges parents encounter to determine what state agencies can do to improve parent access to amplification. Data were collected July through September of 2010; 40 parents of children ages birth to 3 years old…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Munoz, Karen; Roberts, Mallory; Mullings, Day; Harward, Richard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">310</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28867865"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span>-related cholangiopathy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Several types of biliary tract abnormality of undertermined origin have been described among <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> patients. The aims of this study are (1) to evaluate whether biliary tree involvement is in fact one or several homogeneous morphological entities, (2) to specify the role of CMV orCryptosporidium sp. infection, and (3) to evaluate the possible efficacy of treatment. Since ultrasound had revealed</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yves Benhamou; Eric Caumes; Yves Gerosa; Jean François Cadranel; Elisabeth Dohin; Christine Katlama; Paul Amouyal; Jean Marc Canard; Nabih Azar; Catherine Hoang; Yves Le Charpentier; Marc Gentilini; Pierre Opolon; Dominique Valla</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">311</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=mystery+AND+water&pg=2&id=ED046761"> <span id="translatedtitle">Good Teaching <span class="hlt">Aids</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This set of teaching <span class="hlt">aids</span> consists of 14 Audubon Nature Bulletins with these titles: Schoolyard Laboratories, How to Lead a Field Trip, Natural Resources in the City, Mysteries of Bird Migration, Rock Stories and How to Read Them, The Ground Water Table, The Terrarium, Some Adventures With Wild Plants Outdoors and Indoors, Plant Propagation in…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">National Audubon Society, New York, NY.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">312</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000007.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">Breathing difficulties - first <span class="hlt">aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Breathing difficulties can range from being short of breath, unable to take a deep breath, gasping for air, or feeling like you are not getting enough air. This article discusses first <span class="hlt">aid</span> for someone who is having breathing problems. See also: Choking</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">313</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=SEXUALLY+AND+transmitted+AND+diseases+AND+Prostitution&id=ED323433"> <span id="translatedtitle">Street Youth & <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Interviews were conducted with 712 Canadian street youth (ages 15-20 years) to assess their knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors with regard to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Youth were interviewed in 10 cities across Canada on the basis of 5 street culture lifestyles: prostitution, drug…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Radford, Joyce L.; And Others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">314</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22+feature+selection%22&pg=3&id=EJ343674"> <span id="translatedtitle">Newspaper Lesson <span class="hlt">Aids</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Provides photocopy-ready lesson <span class="hlt">aids</span> on story ideas, interviewing, inverted pyramid writing style, newswriting, sports/scavenger hunt, finding feature material, identifying feature leads, feature lead selection, evaluating feature leads, compiling survey material, cutlines, headlines, paste-up rules, advertising, final semester project, newspaper…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Communication: Journalism Education Today (C:JET), 1986</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">315</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12292367"> <span id="translatedtitle">Paediatric <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in Nigeria.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The World Health Organization EPIMODEL computer program has projected that in 1993, there will be 41,023 cumulative cases of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and 642,897 cumulative HIV infections among Nigerian adults. 1.2% of pregnant Nigerian women are reported to be HIV seropositive, 20-30% of whom can be expected to transmit HIV to their offspring. There are therefore many cases of pediatric HIV infection and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in Nigeria. Infants and children can also be infected with HIV through the receipt of HIV-contaminated blood or blood products during transfusion, the use of unsterilized syringes and needles, and the use of contaminated instruments by traditional healers for circumcision, scarification, and tattoos. Vertical transmission, however, is the mode through which pediatric <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> is most commonly spread. Preventive measures should therefore be directed toward promoting HIV risk reduction behaviors. Diagnosing <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and securing the laboratory confirmation of HIV infection are problematic in poor tropical countries like Nigeria. HIV-infected infants of unimpaired immunological status should be immunized with measles, injectable diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis, and inactivated polio virus vaccines. However, measles vaccine must not be given to an already immunocompromised patient. Likewise, BCG vaccination and oral live poliovaccine should not be given to HIV-infected children. PMID:12292367</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">316</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=jame&pg=6&id=EJ964777"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Researcher Gives Retrospective</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Nearly 30 years ago, renowned immunologist James E.K. Hildreth, M.D., Ph.D., was compelled to start researching the virus that causes <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. He marveled at its enigma and was pressed into action by its ability to cut lives short and devastate communities. The disease set him on a course of medical inquiry that has included biomedical breakthroughs…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hawkins, B. Denise</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">317</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22job+AND+motivation%22&pg=3&id=EJ339139"> <span id="translatedtitle">Job <span class="hlt">Aids</span> and Motivation.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Suggests job <span class="hlt">aids</span> have motivational benefits and discusses three ways in which they positively affect motivation: increases worker's confidence of success and amount of effort they are willing to invest in attempting tasks; increases expectancy while decreasing amount of motivation needed; and reinforces task importance. (MBR)|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Grau, Joseph A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">318</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.aidsinfonet.org/fact_sheets/view/158"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Myths and Misunderstandings</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Home Fact Sheet Categories Internet Bookmarks on <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Have Questions? Printing & Downloading Fact Sheets Permission to Use Fact Sheets Sponsors and Advertising Privacy Policy Project Staff Contact Us This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here . Site ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">319</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.aidsinfonet.org/fact_sheets/view/555"> <span id="translatedtitle">Peripheral Neuropathy (and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Home Fact Sheet Categories Internet Bookmarks on <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Have Questions? Printing & Downloading Fact Sheets Permission to Use Fact Sheets Sponsors and Advertising Privacy Policy Project Staff Contact Us This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here . Site ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">320</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=COM7410003"> <span id="translatedtitle">Macroplankton Sorting <span class="hlt">Aid</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A macroplankton sorting <span class="hlt">aid</span> was designed to facilitate the extraction of fish eggs and larvae from bulk samples of zooplankton. It consists of two open-top boxes in which dacron screen loading trays are suspended. The boxes are connected by a canal partit...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. G. Lindenberg</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1973-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">321</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=drugs+AND+in+AND+erie+AND+county&id=ED341396"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span>: A Selective Bibliography.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Intended for use primarily by the general adult public, this pathfinder lists selected information sources on the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) that are in the collections of the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo Health Sciences Library, the Central Library-Buffalo, and the Erie County Public Library. A broad range of…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Candaras, Barbara J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">322</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11151813"> <span id="translatedtitle">[HIV, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and ethics].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The epidemic spread of HIV infections and the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> disease in the last two decades of the 20th century has quite unexpectedly confronted European civilization, including North America, with a great number of ethical problems. Today, two decades after the first signs of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>' possibly epidemic threat not only to individual regions but to the entire population of the world, we can already answer the questions whether Western society has learned from the past and whether the concern for the rights of the individual and of groups previously discriminated in one way or another (a concern increasing since the 1950 s initially in the USA and then in Europe) has led to a more sensitive stance in dealing with victims of the HIV and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> epidemic. In Europe and North America, after initial unrest and occasionally exaggerated reactions, the confrontation with HIV infection and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> has mostly shown a marked improvement over the way epidemics and their victims were dealt with in earlier centuries. A substantial difference from earlier epidemics is that the understandable temptation to identify the disease with a specific group of persons has meanwhile been overcome; instead of collectively discriminating against people whose style of life substantially contributes to the spread of the disease, the focus of investigation is on behaviors; increasingly, the actors are not mentioned. There is probably no other disease that touches upon a comparably broad spectrum of ethical principles. HIV infection and the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> disease provide models for evaluating almost all basic ethical principles that can find application in a medical context. From the identification of those infected, the search for an effective therapy, the treatment of the diseased, to the compassion with the dying and in many other respects a historically unprecedented degree of taking into regard the interests of groups at risk and of those affected have been taken into account. It is in view of the global dimension of the HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> epidemic that a second challenge confronts European civilisation. Here the formulation of relevant politics has not been (and is unlikely to be) influenced by emotions or an abstract morale. Rather, it has been a recognition of a self-interest of Western nations vis-a-vis a possible scenario of a breakdown of public order and democratic structures in some parts of the world that has brought about a reorientation. Increasingly, the resources of governments, of science, and of private enterprise of Western nations are brought together to match the needs of those non-Western countries where the HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> epidemic has reached catastrophic dimensions. It may well be that these efforts will support the development of vaccines and therapies affordable in these countries. PMID:11151813</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Unschuld, P U</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">323</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20409990"> <span id="translatedtitle">Novel <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-margin training algorithms for supervised neural networks.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper proposes three novel training methods, two of them based on the backpropagation approach and a third one based on information theory for multilayer perceptron (MLP) binary classifiers. Both backpropagation methods are based on the maximal-margin (MM) principle. The first one, based on the gradient descent with adaptive learning rate algorithm (GDX) and named <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-margin GDX (MMGDX), directly increases the margin of the MLP <span class="hlt">output</span>-layer hyperplane. The proposed method jointly optimizes both MLP layers in a single process, backpropagating the gradient of an MM-based objective function, through the <span class="hlt">output</span> and hidden layers, in order to create a hidden-layer space that enables a higher margin for the <span class="hlt">output</span>-layer hyperplane, avoiding the testing of many arbitrary kernels, as occurs in case of support vector machine (SVM) training. The proposed MM-based objective function aims to stretch out the margin to its limit. An objective function based on Lp-norm is also proposed in order to take into account the idea of support vectors, however, overcoming the complexity involved in solving a constrained optimization problem, usually in SVM training. In fact, all the training methods proposed in this paper have time and space complexities O(N) while usual SVM training methods have time complexity O(N (3)) and space complexity O(N (2)) , where N is the training-data-set size. The second approach, named minimization of interclass interference (MICI), has an objective function inspired on the Fisher discriminant analysis. Such algorithm aims to create an MLP hidden <span class="hlt">output</span> where the patterns have a desirable statistical distribution. In both training methods, the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> area under ROC curve (AUC) is applied as stop criterion. The third approach offers a robust training framework able to take the best of each proposed training method. The main idea is to compose a neural model by using neurons extracted from three other neural networks, each one previously trained by MICI, MMGDX, and Levenberg-Marquard (LM), respectively. The resulting neural network was named assembled neural network (ASNN). Benchmark data sets of real-world problems have been used in experiments that enable a comparison with other state-of-the-art classifiers. The results provide evidence of the effectiveness of our methods regarding accuracy, AUC, and balanced error rate. PMID:20409990</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ludwig, Oswaldo; Nunes, Urbano</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-19</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">324</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=N20110007095"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lifetest of the High <span class="hlt">Output</span> <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Efficiency Resonator (HOMER) Laser for the SAFFIRE Instrument on NASA's DESDynI Project.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We update the status of a diode-pumped, Nd:YAG oscillator that is the prototype laser for NASA's DESDynI mission. After completing TRL-6 testing, this laser has fired over 5.5 billion shots in lifetesting.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">B. Blair D. Poulios D. B. Coyle E. Arnold P. R. Stysley R. Frederickson R. B. Kay S. Scott</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">325</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12284228"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and society.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Noting the hysteria caused by an outbreak of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> among intravenous drug users in the state of Manipur, India, the author discusses the social and emotional aspects of the epidemic. Local media has been Manipur's main source of information concerning the outbreak, but this information has often been misleading and has served to stir up fear and hatred of HIV carriers. Many have even begun talking about an Isolation Centre. The author, the director of a drug rehabilitation center, relates his experiences in counseling 50 intravenous drug users on the subject of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. He discovered that the group had very poor knowledge about the disease. When told about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, they became alarmed at the possibility of dying. 1/2 of the group swore to take revenge on those who had introduced them to drugs, but the other 1/2 showed a more positive attitude, saying that they would like to help other drug addicts. The author also describes the case history of a patient who had succeeded in staying off of drugs for 8 months. HIV screening, however, revealed that the young man was seropositive. Somehow, a local newspaper got a hold of this information and published his name as a seropositive along with the names of others. Distraught by this, the young man returned to drugs. The author stresses that revealing the names of HIV carriers serves no social purpose, and in fact, only makes the problem worse. He recommends the following for dealing with the outbreak of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>: 1) intensive public health education on <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> with the aim or removing unwarranted fears; 2) education to prevent drug addiction; 3) counselling to parents of drug addicts; and 4) the establishment of Seropositive Anonymous, an organization designed to help carriers deal with their problems. PMID:12284228</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Singh, N K</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">326</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12282189"> <span id="translatedtitle">[<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and contraception].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Sexually transmitted <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> represents 72-82% of the cases reported. While the proportion of cases transmitted heterosexually is still small (7%), this will increase over time (it was only 1% in 1981). Heterosexual <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> affects 4 times more women than men and occurs essentially in partners of HIV+ subjects, those with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, and subjects at high risk. Many in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that the correct and systematic use of condoms is the sole means of preventing sexual <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. In vitro spermicides (nonoxynol-9 and benzalkonium chloride) inactivate the HIV virus. Having many sexual partners, rectal contact, and the STDs increase the risk of HIV transmission. Only mutual monogamy and sexual relations between seronegative subjects (taking into account the serological lag period of a few weeks to 6 months) are safe. In all other cases, it is necessary to systematically use a good quality condom (along with a spermicide), even if other contraception is used, avoid anal contact, and decrease the number and improve the selectivity of sexual partners if possible. Heterosexual males and females at high risk of HIV infection should use an effective method of contraception (the oral contraceptive) in addition to condoms. According to WHO, IUDs are not recommended. Seropositive heterosexuals or those affected by <span class="hlt">AIDs</span> should abstain from all sexual contact involving penetration, whether vaginal, anal, or oral. They should use the same contraception as high risk heterosexuals. The WHO is undertaking research programs on possible beneficial or detrimental interactions between the modern methods of contraception and HIV infection. PMID:12282189</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Serfaty, D</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">327</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15604005"> <span id="translatedtitle">An amplitude-bandwidth expansion method for hearing-<span class="hlt">aid</span> adjustment.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The basic concept for a technique that facilitates the adjustment of a hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> by a person of normal hearing is proposed. The technique involves processing using an amplitude-bandwidth expansion method to expand the hearing-<span class="hlt">aid</span> <span class="hlt">output</span> to fit to the user's hearing requirements and loudness recruitment. The expansion is a reversal of the cochlear compression model. As the expansion method introduces distortion of the waveform and a reduction of the expansion rate, the support technique presented here includes solutions to these problems. The difference between the original speech signal and the expanded <span class="hlt">output</span> generated from the compressed <span class="hlt">output</span> of the original signal is virtually inaudible. This technique, which effectively simulates a patient's hearing characteristics in order to allow an audiologist to set up a patient's hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span>, is worth further investigation. PMID:15604005</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ishikawa, Itsuo; Takeuti, Atsushi; Murano, Tadataka; Ohmine, Ken'ichi; Kato, Takaya</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">328</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=PB247703"> <span id="translatedtitle">State Estimates of <span class="hlt">Output</span>, Employment and Payrolls for 1967.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This report contains estimates of U.S. state industry <span class="hlt">outputs</span>, employment and payrolls for 1967, definitionally consistent with the input-<span class="hlt">output</span> (I/O) industrial classifications formulated by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. State <span class="hlt">output</span> (valued in curren...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1974-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">329</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA458330"> <span id="translatedtitle">DNA Memory and Input/<span class="hlt">Output</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This project started as a means to design and test various synthetic biology approaches to Biocomputing with DNA. Initial designs focused on biopolymer synthesis (DNA, RNA, protein) and in-vitro focused on computer <span class="hlt">aided</span> design (e.g. CAD-PAM). Testing of ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">330</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/37946851"> <span id="translatedtitle">Foreign <span class="hlt">Aid</span> and Consumption Smoothing: Evidence from Global Food <span class="hlt">Aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">AbstractThe paper examines the cyclical properties of food <span class="hlt">aid</span> with respect to food availability in recipient countries, with a view to assessing its impact on consumption in some 150 developing countries and transition economies, covering 1970 to 2000. The results show that global food <span class="hlt">aid</span> has been allocated to countries most in need. Food <span class="hlt">aid</span> has also been countercyclical within</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sanjeev Gupta; Benedict Clements; Erwin R. Tiongson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">331</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30418363"> <span id="translatedtitle">Jet and ultrasonic nebuliser <span class="hlt">output</span>: use of a new method for direct measurement of aerosol <span class="hlt">output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Output</span> from jet nebulisers is calibrated traditionally by weighing them before and after nebulisation, but the assumption that the weight difference is a close measure of aerosol generation could be invalidated by the concomitant process of evaporation. A method has been developed for measuring aerosol <span class="hlt">output</span> directly by using a solute (fluoride) tracer and aerosol impaction, and this has been</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J H Dennis; S C Stenton; J R Beach; A J Avery; E H Walters; D J Hendrick</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">332</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/first-aid-fractures/FA00058/METHOD=print"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fractures (Broken Bones): First <span class="hlt">Aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Fractures (broken bones): First <span class="hlt">aid</span> Basics In-Depth Resources Reprints A single copy of this article may be reprinted for personal, noncommercial use only. Fractures (broken bones): First <span class="hlt">aid</span> By Mayo Clinic staff ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">333</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression-and-aids/index.shtml"> <span id="translatedtitle">Depression and HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... see the NIMH booklet on Depression . What is HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that ... they can function normally. How are depression and HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> linked? Studies show that people who are infected ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">334</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/staying-healthy-with-hiv-aids/taking-care-of-yourself/employment/index.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Employment and HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Text Size Print E-mail Employment Working with HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> With proper care and treatment, many people living ... of Labor Resources on Employment and Living with HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> The information on this page was provided from ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">335</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/hivaidsandinfections.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and Infections</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... meningitis, pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and histoplasmosis, and parasites cause crypto (cryptosporidiosis) and toxo (toxoplasmosis). Having HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> can make any infection harder to treat. People with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> are also more likely to ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">336</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57066793"> <span id="translatedtitle">International Capital Flows and Aggregate <span class="hlt">Output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We show in a tractable, multi-country OLG model that cross-country differences in financial development explain three recent empirical patterns of international capital flows. International capital mobility affects <span class="hlt">output</span> in each country directly through the size of domestic investment as well as indirectly through the composition of domestic investment and the level of domestic savings. In contrast to earlier literature, our</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jürgen von Hagen; Haiping Zhang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">337</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/doepatents/details.jsp?query_id=0&page=0&ostiID=867640"> <span id="translatedtitle">Porous radiant burners having increased radiant <span class="hlt">output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Means and methods for enhancing the <span class="hlt">output</span> of radiant energy from a porous radiant burner by minimizing the scattering and increasing the adsorption, and thus emission of such energy by the use of randomly dispersed ceramic fibers of sub-micron diameter in the fabrication of ceramic fiber matrix burners and for use therein.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tong, Timothy W. (Tempe, AZ); Sathe, Sanjeev B. (Tempe, AZ); Peck, Robert E. (Tempe, AZ)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">338</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=John+W+Creswell&pg=2&id=EJ261818"> <span id="translatedtitle">Research <span class="hlt">Output</span>, Socialization, and the Biglan Model.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A test of the Biglan model of faculty subcultures using measures of research <span class="hlt">output</span> and tests of the model controlling for the effects of faculty socialization are described. The Biglan model is found to be valid, and the distinctiveness of the Biglan groups appears to increase with the socialization of faculty into subject areas. (Author/MLW)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Creswell, John W.; Bean, John P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">339</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50324602"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> feedback control of networked control systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The control problem of networked control systems via <span class="hlt">output</span> feedback is considered in this paper. In the system, a sensor is connected to a linear controller\\/actuator via a network. The plant is controlled alternately by an open loop controller and a closed loop controller. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the exponential stability of such systems are derived in terms of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shumei Mu; Tianguang Chu; Fei Hao; Long Wang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">340</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009APS..SHK.U4006M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Characterizing Detonator <span class="hlt">Output</span> Using Dynamic Witness Plates</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A sub-microsecond, time-resolved micro-particle-image velocimetry (PIV) system is developed to investigate the <span class="hlt">output</span> of explosive detonators. Detonator <span class="hlt">output</span> is directed into a transparent solid that serves as a dynamic witness plate and instantaneous shock and material velocities are measured in a two-dimensional plane cutting through the shock wave as it propagates through the solid. For the case of unloaded initiators (e.g. exploding bridge wires, exploding foil initiators, etc.) the witness plate serves as a surrogate for the explosive material that would normally be detonated. The velocity-field measurements quantify the velocity of the shocked material and visualize the geometry of the shocked region. Furthermore, the time-evolution of the velocity-field can be measured at intervals as small as 10 ns using the PIV system. Current experimental results of unloaded exploding bridge wire <span class="hlt">output</span> in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) witness plates demonstrate 20 MHz velocity-field sampling just 300 ns after initiation of the wire. Successful application of the PIV system to full-up explosive detonator <span class="hlt">output</span> is also demonstrated.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Murphy, Michael; Adrian, Ronald</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a 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showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">341</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://l2r.cs.uiuc.edu/~danr/Papers/RothSm06.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Active Learning with Perceptron for Structured <span class="hlt">Output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Typically, structured <span class="hlt">output</span> scenarios are characterized by a high cost associated with obtaining supervised training data, motivat- ing the study of active learning protocols for these situations. Starting with active learning approaches for multiclass classifica- tion, we first design querying functions for selecting entire structured instances, explor- ing the tradeo between selecting instances based on a global margin or a</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dan Roth; Kevin Small</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">342</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/54489450"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multiple <span class="hlt">Output</span> Channels in the Basal Ganglia</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The neural circuits that link the basal ganglia with the cerebral cortex are critically involved in the generation and control of voluntary movement. Retrograde transneuronal transport or herpes simplex virus type 1 was used to examine the organization of connections in the cebus monkey between an <span class="hlt">output</span> nucleus of the basal ganglia, the internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi),</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">John E. Hoover; Peter L. Strick</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">343</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=N7422710"> <span id="translatedtitle">Uncertainties in Predicting Solar Panel Power <span class="hlt">Output</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The problem of calculating solar panel power <span class="hlt">output</span> at launch and during a space mission is considered. The major sources of uncertainty and error in predicting the post launch electrical performance of the panel are considered. A general discussion of er...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">B. Anspaugh</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1974-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">344</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/5954442"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> Space Sampling for Graph Patterns</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent interest in graph pattern mining has shifted from finding all frequent subgraphs to obtaining a small subset of frequent subgraphs that are representative, discriminative or significant. The main motivation behind that is to cope with the scalability problem that the graph mining algorithms suffer when mining databases of large graphs. Another mo- tivation is to obtain a succinct <span class="hlt">output</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mohammad Al Hasan; Mohammed J. Zaki</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">345</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/53396916"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> power variations with solar power satellites</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The first comprehensive evaluation of <span class="hlt">output</span> power variations expected from solar power satellites is presented. The various factors are classified in a two-tier manner as deterministic (either periodic or nonperiodic) and statistical (either constant with system life or changing with life). The largest variations are due to seasonal periodic factors, namely variations in the solar constant (plus or minus 3.3</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">R. J. Gutmann</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1978-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">346</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/27087054"> <span id="translatedtitle">Resonant Magnetic Field Sensor With Frequency <span class="hlt">Output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper presents a novel type of resonant magnetic field sensor exploiting the Lorentz force and providing a frequency <span class="hlt">output</span>. The mechanical resonator, a cantilever structure, is embedded as the frequency-determining element in an electrical oscillator. By generating an electrical current proportional to the position of the cantilever, a Lorentz force acting like an additional equivalent spring is exerted on</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Robert Sunier; Tobias Vancura; Yue Li; Kay-Uwe Kirstein; Henry Baltes; Oliver Brand</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">347</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=PB80123532"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Texas Input-<span class="hlt">Output</span> Model, 1972.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The purpose of the report is to revise and update the 1967 Input-<span class="hlt">Output</span> Model to 1972, the latest year for which a complete economic census is available. This model can be used as a: (1) source of information about the Texas economy, (2) tool to evaluate ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1978-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">348</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/54172495"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> and Fidelity of Imperfect Teleportation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Noisy entangled resource and non-standard teleportation operations result in imperfect teleportation. In this paper, we derive an explicit expression for the <span class="hlt">output</span> states of imperfect teleportation processes, thereby establishing a correspondence between teleportation and quantum channels. This result offers a different insight into teleportation. Also, it enables us to derive an expression for the fidelity of teleportation. Our results analytically</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yong-Jian Gu; Chun-Mei Yao; Zheng-Wei Zhou; Guang-Can Guo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">349</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA578301"> <span id="translatedtitle">JIAWG Input/<span class="hlt">Output</span> System (JIOS).</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The JIAWG Input/<span class="hlt">Output</span> System (JIOS) provides the software/hardware Interface for Built-In-Test and l/O provided via the PI-Bus and TM-Bus for the JIAWG 16-bit Common Modules. This paper describes the need for JIOS, the functionality of the JIOS, concerns...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">C. Roark J. Newport</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">350</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/40028731"> <span id="translatedtitle">Receiver function estimated by <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy deconvolution</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> entropy deconvolution is presented to estimate receiver function, with the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy as the rule to determine\\u000a auto-correlation and cross-correlation functions. The Toeplitz equation and Levinson algorithm are used to calculate the iterative\\u000a formula of error-predicting filter, and receiver function is then estimated. During extrapolation, reflective coefficient\\u000a is always less than 1, which keeps <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy deconvolution stable. The</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Qing-Ju Wu; Xiao-Bo Tian; Nai-Ling Zhang; Wei-Ping Li; Rong-Sheng Zeng</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">351</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title40-vol21/pdf/CFR-2012-title40-vol21-sec92-116.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">40 CFR 92.116 - Engine <span class="hlt">output</span> measurement system calibrations.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Engine <span class="hlt">output</span> measurement system calibrations. 92.116 Section 92.116 ...Engine <span class="hlt">output</span> measurement system calibrations. (a) General requirements for dynamometer calibration. (1) The engine flywheel...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">352</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PhDT.......165B"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span>-Only Techniques for Fault Detection</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Fault detection is relevant to many applications, including structural health monitoring and machine health monitoring. Furthermore, <span class="hlt">output</span> measurement data may be the only information known about a system. Hence we develop and demonstrate techniques for <span class="hlt">output</span>-only fault detection. We also investigate implementation issues, including computational complexity and <span class="hlt">output</span> noise. First, we consider real-time detection of an abrupt change in a noisy signal. Existing techniques exhibit sensitivity to gradual (incipient) changes in the data, as well as detection delays, false alarms, and missed detections. Hence, we propose an adjacent moving window peak detection (AMWPD) approach that uses an approximate low-pass filter and statistical process control techniques to determine whether an abrupt change has occurred. We compare the AMWPD approach with existing techniques for change detection and show that the AMWPD approach exhibits comparable detection speed and number of missed detections while providing fewer false alarms. Second, we consider feature extraction and clustering for classification. For industrial applications, existing methods provide insufficient classification accuracy and require significant training time. Hence, we propose new features that improve classification accuracy and apply a modified tabu search and probabilistic neural network (mTS + PNN) approach to select and cluster the features and thereby classify the data. We compare the mTS + PNN approach with an existing feature selection and clustering technique that employs principal component analysis and a multi-layer perceptron neural network. Using an application example, we demonstrate that the mTS + PNN approach provides higher classification accuracy while requiring less training and classification time. Finally, we consider identification of <span class="hlt">output-to-output</span> relationships in linear system dynamics. Existing approaches, including operational modal analysis, assume that the excitation signal is a realization of a white random process, which may not be true. Hence, we define and characterize pseudo transfer functions (PTFs), which relate <span class="hlt">output</span> measurements, and we use changes in the identified PTF to detect faults. We demonstrate the effects of non-zero initial conditions, non-white excitation, unknown model order, and <span class="hlt">output</span> noise on the accuracy of the identification and fault detection results.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brzezinski, Adam John</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">353</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9318455"> <span id="translatedtitle">Muscle power <span class="hlt">output</span> during escape responses in an Antarctic fish</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Escape responses (C-shaped fast-starts) were filmed at 500 frames s-1 in the Antarctic rock cod (Notothenia coriiceps) at 0 °C. The activation and strain patterns of the superficial fast myotomal muscle were measured simultaneously using electromyography and sonomicrometry respectively. In order to bend the body into the initial C-shape, the muscle fibres in the rostral myotomes (at 0.35L, where L is total length) shortened by up to 13 % of their resting length at a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> velocity of 1.68 fibre lengths s-1. During the contralateral contraction, muscle fibres were stretched (by 5 % and 7 % at 0.35L and 0.65L, respectively) and were activated prior to the end of lengthening, before shortening by up to 12 % of resting fibre length (peak-to-peak strain). Representative strain records were digitised to create cyclical events corresponding to the C-bend and contralateral contraction. Isolated fibres were subjected to the abstracted strain cycles and stimulated at the same point and for the same duration as occurs in vivo. During the early phase of shortening, muscle shortening velocity (V) increased dramatically whilst the load was relatively constant and represented a substantial fraction of the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> isometric stress. Pre-stretch of active muscle was associated with significant force enhancement. For the contralateral contraction, V exceeded that predicted by the steady-state force­velocity relationship for considerable periods during each tailbeat, contributing to relatively high <span class="hlt">maximum</span> instantaneous power <span class="hlt">outputs</span> of up to 290 W kg-1 wet muscle mass. In vitro experiments, involving adjusting strain, cycle duration and stimulation parameters, indicated that in vivo muscle fibres produce close to their <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power. During escape responses, the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> velocity and acceleration recorded from the centre of gravity of the fish were 0.71±0.03 m s-1 and 17.1±1.4 m s-2, respectively (mean ± s.e.m., N=7 fish). Muscle performance was sufficient to produce <span class="hlt">maximum</span> velocities and accelerations that were within the lower end of the range reported for temperate-zone fish. PMID:9318455</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Franklin; Johnston</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">354</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011ApPhL..98t1116O"> <span id="translatedtitle">Spatial dependence of <span class="hlt">output</span> pulse delay in a niobium nitride nanowire superconducting single-photon detector</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We report on the position-dependent variation in <span class="hlt">output</span> pulse timing across a superconducting single-photon detector. Our device consists of a single niobium nitride nanowire meander (100 nm width, 4 nm film thickness, 2 mm length). We use a confocal microscope configuration (full width at half <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-spot size 1.3 ?m at 1550 nm wavelength) and a femtosecond laser to study local variations in detection efficiency and <span class="hlt">output</span> pulse timing. Pulse delays of up to 50 ps across the device correlate to local detection efficiency and resistance variations. This study indicates an underlying mechanism for timing jitter in superconducting nanowire devices.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">O'Connor, J. A.; Tanner, M. G.; Natarajan, C. M.; Buller, G. S.; Warburton, R. J.; Miki, S.; Wang, Z.; Nam, S. W.; Hadfield, R. H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">355</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://cpe.wustl.edu/seminars/bdm.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Foreign <span class="hlt">Aid</span> and Policy Concessions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We model foreign-<span class="hlt">aid</span>-for-policy deals, assuming that leaders want to maximize their time in office. Their actions are shaped by two political institutions, their selectorate and winning coalition. Leaders who depend on a large coalition, a relatively small selectorate, and who extract valuable policy concessions from prospective recipients are likely to give <span class="hlt">aid</span>. Prospective recipients are likely to get <span class="hlt">aid</span> if</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bruce Bueno de Mesquita; Alastair Smith</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">356</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cgdev.org/files/8846_file_WP92.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Primer on Foreign <span class="hlt">Aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Controversies about <span class="hlt">aid</span> effectiveness go back decades. Some experts charge that <span class="hlt">aid</span> has enlarged government bureaucracies, perpetuated bad governments, enriched the elite in poor countries, or just been wasted. Others argue that although <span class="hlt">aid</span> has sometimes failed, it has supported poverty reduction and growth in some countries and prevented worse performance in others. This new working paper by CGD senior</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Steven Radelet</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">357</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://kff.org/global-health-policy/fact-sheet/the-global-hivaids-epidemic/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Global HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Epidemic</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Global HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Epidemic Aug 14, 2013 Overview HIV, the virus that causes <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” 1 , 2 , 3 has ... FY 2004-FY 2014 The Global Response to HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> International efforts to combat HIV began in the ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">358</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/special-populations-co-occurring-disorders/hiv-aids"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and Alcohol</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Other Psychiatric Disorders Other Substance Abuse HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) targets the body’s immune ... and abuse can contribute to the spread of HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and affect treatment for infected patients. Abusing alcohol ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">359</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=go+AND+green&pg=6&id=ED286424"> <span id="translatedtitle">College Costs and Student <span class="hlt">Aid</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The growing campus role in providing student financial <span class="hlt">aid</span> is discussed based on data from the Cooperative Institutional Research Program, Peterson's Guide, and other sources. The campus contribution to student <span class="hlt">aid</span> programs has grown far more than recent tuition increases. A significant portion of the financial <span class="hlt">aid</span> burden has passed from federal…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Green, Kenneth C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">360</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22Buehler%22&pg=5&id=EJ455254"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Surveillance Definition for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Explores issues surrounding the revision of criteria used to conduct Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) surveillance in the United States. Current <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> surveillance is not meeting public health needs to describe the number and characteristics of infected persons. Proposed revisions would increase the number of reported <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> cases…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Buehler, James W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> 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title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">361</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1494947"> <span id="translatedtitle">Performance analysis of soft-<span class="hlt">output</span> post-processing detection for data-dependent media noise channels</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A soft-<span class="hlt">output</span> data-detection scheme optimized for data-dependent media-noise recording channels is investigated that uses signal-dependent correlation-sensitive (SDCS) metric computation for post-processing decoding. This media-noise soft-<span class="hlt">output</span> (MNS) decoding scheme achieves suboptimal <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-likelihood (ML) sequence detection in a nonstationary media-noise channel, while still using traditional Viterbi detection. Because it drastically reduces SDCS metric computation by focusing on correcting only the dominant error</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hideki Sawaguchi; Yasutaka Nishida; Takeshi Nakagawa</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">362</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49885889"> <span id="translatedtitle">A programmable 32 tap digital interpolation filter in 1.5 ?m CMOS with 80 MHz <span class="hlt">output</span> data rate</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A 32 tap programmable, digital FIR filter for pulse shaping is presented. The filter performs interpolation of the input data sampled at a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> clock frequency of 40 MHz. The <span class="hlt">output</span> data rate is 80 MHz. The data inputs and <span class="hlt">outputs</span> are emitter-coupled-logic (ECL)-compatible. The stepped coefficient set contains 256 coefficient bits, which can be serially loaded. To reduce the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wolfgang Haberecht; Erik DeMan; Michael Schulz</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">363</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12282032"> <span id="translatedtitle">Adolescents and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Several "rules of thumb" may be helpful in imparting to adolescents the information they need to know about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. 1. Start where they are at. Pop concerts, holiday resorts, and schools are good places to reach young people, but devices must be used to catch their attention, such as "secret" questionnaires, letters to Tatta Christie's agony column, or agree/disagree lists of questions. 2. Remember that they like risky behavior. Unprotected sex is attractive to young people in the same way as trying alcohol or drugs. 3. Use multi-media and many information channels, including personal experience sharing. Television characters, such as "Condom Man," cartoons, booklets, call-in programs, teachers, clubs, health workers, and family planning clinics are some suggested channels of information. The International Clearinghouse on Adolescent Fertility's "Information Summary" is a good guide to use in educating adolescents about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. PMID:12282032</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lovel, H</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">364</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12287967"> <span id="translatedtitle">Refugee <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> tragedy?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Kasulo camp in Tanzania accommodates more than 400,000 Rwandan refugees with at least 2000 more arriving daily. Although up to 33% of pregnant women last year in Kigali and up to 25% of adults in Dar es Salaam are seropositive for HIV, and HIV may spread very quickly between and among the refugees and indigenous population, fighting HIV and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in and around the refugee camps is not a priority of relief agencies. The Tanzanian government and international relief agencies are instead concentrating upon providing refugees with food, shelter, and the basic necessities of sustaining life. Relief agencies will begin addressing HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> once the acute phase of this refugee emergency has ended, but not yet. PMID:12287967</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rweyemamu, C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">365</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8569547"> <span id="translatedtitle">Inhibition of citrate lyase may <span class="hlt">aid</span> aerobic endurance.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Owing to a substantial increase in glucose uptake by working muscle, glucose homeostasis during sustained aerobic exercise requires a severalfold increase in hepatic glucose <span class="hlt">output</span>. As exercise continues and liver glycogen declines, an increasing proportion of this elevated glucose <span class="hlt">output</span> must be provided by gluconeogenesis. Increased gluconeogenic efficiency in trained individuals is a key adaptation promoting increased endurance, since failure of hepatic glucose <span class="hlt">output</span> to keep pace with muscle uptake rapidly leads to hypoglycaemia and exhaustion. Pre-administration of (-)-hydroxycitrate, a potent inhibitor of citrate lyase found in fruits of the genus Garcinia, may <span class="hlt">aid</span> endurance during post-absorptive aerobic exercise by promoting gluconeogenesis. Carnitine and bioactive chromium may potentiate this benefit. The utility of this technique may be greatest in exercise regimens designed to promote weight loss. PMID:8569547</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">McCarty, M F</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">366</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2883224"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Radiometric Study of Factors Affecting Drug <span class="hlt">Output</span> of Jet Nebulizers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Jet nebulizers show an unreasonable variation in drug <span class="hlt">output</span> and nebulization rates that leads to clinical and regulatory problems. Current evaluation methods appear inadequate for the purpose. Our objective was to evaluate Technetium-99m radiometry to study nebulizer parameters and the factors influencing it quantitatively. Drug <span class="hlt">output</span>, <span class="hlt">output</span> rate and residual mass and the effect of excipient, temperature, surface tension, air-jet speed, and equipment brand and aging were studied. Though nebulization of radiolabeled drugs followed first-order kinetics, the rates were significantly different; the heaviest drug (Tc-99m colloid) and Tc-99m salbutamol had the least nebulization. Nebulization rate for the first minute was invariably higher than the mean rate signifying the concentration effect of the solute. Drug residue was 35-75%. Drug <span class="hlt">output</span> of different nebulizer chamber and air compressor brands was different to the extent of 270% and 180% respectively. ‘Aging’ of fluid chamber, cold drug fluid and obstruction in air-jet resulted in significant reduction in <span class="hlt">output</span>, while addition of 2% saline as excipient did not change the <span class="hlt">output</span> rate. Addition of ethyl alcohol resulted in a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> of 260% enhancement (with Tc-99m salbutamol), while further reduction in surface tension was counterproductive irrespective of the drug used. We conclude that radiometry can provide valuable parametric information on the performance of different jet nebulizers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mittal, G.; Kumar, N.; Rawat, H.; Chopra, M. K.; Bhatnagar, A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">367</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20582187"> <span id="translatedtitle">A radiometric study of factors affecting drug <span class="hlt">output</span> of jet nebulizers.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Jet nebulizers show an unreasonable variation in drug <span class="hlt">output</span> and nebulization rates that leads to clinical and regulatory problems. Current evaluation methods appear inadequate for the purpose. Our objective was to evaluate Technetium-99m radiometry to study nebulizer parameters and the factors influencing it quantitatively. Drug <span class="hlt">output</span>, <span class="hlt">output</span> rate and residual mass and the effect of excipient, temperature, surface tension, air-jet speed, and equipment brand and aging were studied. Though nebulization of radiolabeled drugs followed first-order kinetics, the rates were significantly different; the heaviest drug (Tc-99m colloid) and Tc-99m salbutamol had the least nebulization. Nebulization rate for the first minute was invariably higher than the mean rate signifying the concentration effect of the solute. Drug residue was 35-75%. Drug <span class="hlt">output</span> of different nebulizer chamber and air compressor brands was different to the extent of 270% and 180% respectively. 'Aging' of fluid chamber, cold drug fluid and obstruction in air-jet resulted in significant reduction in <span class="hlt">output</span>, while addition of 2% saline as excipient did not change the <span class="hlt">output</span> rate. Addition of ethyl alcohol resulted in a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> of 260% enhancement (with Tc-99m salbutamol), while further reduction in surface tension was counterproductive irrespective of the drug used. We conclude that radiometry can provide valuable parametric information on the performance of different jet nebulizers. PMID:20582187</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mittal, G; Kumar, N; Rawat, H; Chopra, M K; Bhatnagar, A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">368</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1867668"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in Thailand.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The reasons for the rapid spread of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in Thailand, and the impact of the unique non-governmental agency Population and Community Development Association (PDA) directed by the charismatic Dr. Mechai are described. The rapid spread of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in Thailand is due to presence of all possible factors facilitating HIV transmission, a large population of injecting drug addicts, an extensive mobile domestic and tourist sex industry, and an active gay community. The number of HIV-positive persons rose from 179 in 1988 to 16,359 in 1989, and is now estimated at 100,000. 1% of the Thai population works in prostitution, and from 16% of the high-income to 72% of the low-income prostitutes are infected, with their infection rates rising 10% per month. 75% of Thai men use cheap prostitutes. While the government was ignoring the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> threat in the early '80s, Dr. Mechai, whose name translated as "condom," was organizing the grass-roots community-based condom distribution system PDA, said to be responsible for the fall in annual population growth from 3.4% in 1968 to 1.5% in 1990. His organization now distributes contraceptives to 16,000 villages by 12,000 volunteers. He uses booklets, cards, cassettes, slide shows, videos and appearances with condom-inflating contests and costumes to de-mystify condoms with humor. Now <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> messages are heard in taxis, on military TV and radio, and in remote villages. Converting knowledge into practice is more difficult, requiring tactful convincing of brothel operators and finding some way to reach their clients, who exert economic control over young female prostitutes. PMID:1867668</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ryan, M P</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-02-18</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">369</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28533977"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Aids</span>-related malignancies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Cancer remains a significant burden for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. Most cancers that are associated with HIV infection are driven by oncogenic viruses, such as Epstein–Barr virus, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and human papillomavirus. Gaining insight into the epidemiology and mechanisms that underlie <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>-related cancers has provided us with a better understanding of cancer immunity and viral oncogenesis.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Robin Weiss; Chris Boshoff</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">370</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6079050"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computer <span class="hlt">aided</span> production engineering</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This book presents the following contents: CIM in avionics; computer analysis of product designs for robot assembly; a simulation decision mould for manpower forecast and its application; development of flexible manufacturing system; advances in microcomputer applications in CAD/CAM; an automated interface between CAD and process planning; CAM and computer vision; low friction pneumatic actuators for accurate robot control; robot assembly of printed circuit boards; information systems design for computer integrated manufacture; and a CAD engineering language to <span class="hlt">aid</span> manufacture.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Not Available</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">371</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7905053"> <span id="translatedtitle">Redirecting British foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Britain has longed followed a disease-control strategy for providing <span class="hlt">aid</span> in the health sector to developing, low-income countries. Given, however, the high level of waste upon tertiary care and specialized medicine in current health programs of low-income countries as documented by the World Bank; the poor performance of existing general government hospitals and clinics; and the poor image of Third World health systems in the eyes of Western officials and government ministers, the chief health advisor of the Overseas Development Administration has called for a drastic redirection of policy toward development <span class="hlt">aid</span>. Specifically, a shift away from a specific-disease control approach toward an overall, sweeping reform of the health sector in developing countries is urged. The level of waste needs to be reduced and more attention given to the poor. Unless such changes result, government ministers will grow increasingly reluctant to provide tangible <span class="hlt">aid</span> to the health sectors of countries in need. The availability of such funds invested in effective, well-managed health programs will grow more critical to health in the Third World as populations shift away from communicable disease morbidity and mortality toward illnesses which are of a more noncommunicable nature such as stroke and cancer. PMID:7905053</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dean, M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">372</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2009-title49-vol2/pdf/CFR-2009-title49-vol2-sec107-329.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">49 CFR 107.329 - <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> penalties.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> civil penalty is $100,000 if the violation results in death, serious illness...minimum $450 civil penalty applies to a violation...the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> civil penalty is $100,000 if the violation results in death, serious...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">373</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title49-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title49-vol2-sec107-329.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">49 CFR 107.329 - <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> penalties.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> civil penalty is $110,000 if the violation results in death, serious illness...minimum $495 civil penalty applies to a violation...the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> civil penalty is $110,000 if the violation results in death, serious...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">374</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title49-vol2/pdf/CFR-2012-title49-vol2-sec107-329.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">49 CFR 107.329 - <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> penalties.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> civil penalty is $110,000 if the violation results in death, serious illness...minimum $495 civil penalty applies to a violation...the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> civil penalty is $110,000 if the violation results in death, serious...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">375</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title49-vol2/pdf/CFR-2011-title49-vol2-sec107-329.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">49 CFR 107.329 - <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> penalties.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> civil penalty is $110,000 if the violation results in death, serious illness...minimum $495 civil penalty applies to a violation...the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> civil penalty is $110,000 if the violation results in death, serious...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">376</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/16316934"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">MAXIMUM</span> LIKELIHOOD ESTIMATION FOR GENERALISED LOGISTIC DISTRIBUTIONS</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> likelihood estimation for the type I generalised logistic distributions is investigated. We show that the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood estimation usually exists, except when the so-called embedded model problem occurs. A full set of embedded distributions is derived, including Gumbel distribution and a two-parameter reciprocal exponential distribution. Properties relating the embedded distributions are given. We also provide criteria to determine when</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Quanxi Shao</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">377</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013IJMPE..2230018C"> <span id="translatedtitle">On the <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Mass of Neutron Stars</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">One of the most intriguing questions about neutron stars concerns their <span class="hlt">maximum</span> mass. The answer is intimately related to the properties of matter at densities far beyond that found in heavy atomic nuclei. The current view on the internal constitution of neutron stars and on their <span class="hlt">maximum</span> mass, both from theoretical and observational studies, are briefly reviewed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chamel, N.; Haensel, P.; Zdunik, J. L.; Fantina, A. F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">378</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52792935"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lift modulation for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> endurance planetary entry</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Optimal lift modulation for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> endurance planetary entry trajectories of Shuttle type vehicles is investigated. The force field of the planet is considered Newtonian, and the atmosphere is assumed to be exponential. Motion is confined to the plane of a great circle to obtain <span class="hlt">maximum</span> endurance, and a set of dimensionless variables and a normalized lift coefficient are used to</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">C.-Y. Yang; J.-S. Chern</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">379</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/2377284"> <span id="translatedtitle">On the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> empty rectangle problem</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Given a rectangle A and a set S of n points in A, we consider the problem, called the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> empty rectangle problem, of finding a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> area rectangle that is fully contained in A and does not contain any point of S in its interior. An O(n') time algorithm is presented. Further-more, it is shown that if the points</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A. NAAMAD; D. T. LEE</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">380</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/18657985"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">MAXIMUM</span> NOISE LEVELS IN CITY TRAFFIC</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Manual and automatic noise measurements were made along 13 streets in Gothenburg, Sweden to explore sources of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> noise levels. Noise from different types of vehicles driven in a realistic way in inner city traffic was measured. In summary, the results show that the most important vehicle component as regards the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> noise level in inner city traffic was a</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. Bjorkman; R. Rylander</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">381</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.unites.uqam.ca/eco/CREFE/cahiers/cah100.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Costly Sanctions and the <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Penalty Principle</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We study the problem of deterring undesirable behavior in a moral hazard framework with risk averse individuals, noisy information and costly sanctions. We find that, if sanctions are a pure loss, a utilitarian society should use a bang-bang penalty scheme satisfying the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> penalty principle. If sanctions are monetary but imposing sanctions involves a sufficiently large resource cost, the <span class="hlt">maximum</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dominique Demougin; Claude Fluet</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">382</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cmss.monash.edu.au/assets/files/Miller-E9.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Principle for Singular Stochastic Control Problems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper, an optimal singular stochastic control problem is considered. For this model, it is obtained a general stochastic <span class="hlt">maximum</span> principle by using a time transformation. This is the first version of the stochastic <span class="hlt">maximum</span> principle that covers the singular control problem in the nonlinear case.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">F. Dufour; Boris M. Miller</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">383</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57641288"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Likelihood Estimation with the Weibull Model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Some of the questions concerning the uniqueness of the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood estimates for the parameters in the Weibull distribution are considered for both censored and noncensored samples. In some cases answers previously known are reviewed, while new results are presented for some other cases. In particular, it is shown that with the shape parameter known, the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood estimates of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Howard Rockette; Charles Antle; Lawrence A. Klimko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1974-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">384</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=hospital+AND+facility+AND+design&pg=2&id=EJ828675"> <span id="translatedtitle">Profile of Home Care <span class="hlt">Aides</span>, Nursing Home <span class="hlt">Aides</span>, and Hospital <span class="hlt">Aides</span>: Historical Changes and Data Recommendations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose: To examine demographic characteristics and work conditions of home care <span class="hlt">aides</span>, nursing home <span class="hlt">aides</span>, and hospital <span class="hlt">aides</span> in the late 1980s and late 1990s. Design and Methods: This study replicated a previous study which examined the Current Population Survey (CPS) March supplement from 1987 to 1989. The present study examined CPS data from…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yamada, Yoshiko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">385</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED543363.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Financial <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Administrators' Views on Simplifying Financial <span class="hlt">Aid</span>: NASFAA's 2008 Financial <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Simplification Survey Report</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Despite a decade of simplification efforts, students and families are often still baffled by the student <span class="hlt">aid</span> process and cringe at the sight of financial <span class="hlt">aid</span> application forms. Contrary to its purpose of helping students to access college, the student <span class="hlt">aid</span> application process causes families frustration and confusion that has been cited as an…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NJ1), 2008</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">386</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimsapi.dispdetail?deid=233512"> <span id="translatedtitle">Predicting <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Lake Depth from Surrounding Topography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Lake volume <span class="hlt">aids</span> understanding of the physical and ecological dynamics of lakes, yet is often not readily available. The data needed to calculate lake volume (i.e. bathymetry) are usually only collected on a lake by lake basis and are difficult to obtain across broad regions. ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">387</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12284199"> <span id="translatedtitle">Zambia's early response to <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recognizing the serious threat posed by the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> pandemic, the government of Zambia quickly launched a series of initiatives designed to control the spread of the disease. The first cases of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in Zambia were reported in 1985. By April 1986, the disease had been included among the notifiable diseases, and by 1987, the government had already implemented a large coordinated program to combat <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. As the government quickly recognized, <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> poses a great threat to national development. 3,115 cases of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and 12,815 cases of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> related complex had been reported as of June 1990. Heterosexual sex and mother- to-child during pregnancy are the man <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> transmission routes. Zambia's anti-<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> efforts have led the establishment of The National <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Surveillance Committee, which includes members from the Ministry of Health, other ministries, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The committee has focused on the following measures for prevention and control: intersectorial health education, research and ethics, procurement and supplies, counseling, condoms, NGO networking, laboratory support and blood screening, and community participation. With assistance from the World Health Organization (WHO), Zambia has launched the Medium Term Plan. Furthermore, a nation-wide health education campaign has been in existence since 1986. Besides prevention measures, the campaign has attempted to promote compassion and care of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> patients. Sensitive to their concerns, the government has consulted with religious groups when developing condom promotion campaigns. 1989 and 1990 studies indicate an increased awareness and knowledge about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. PMID:12284199</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nyaywa, S; Chirwa, B; Van Praag, E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">388</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17387442"> <span id="translatedtitle">[<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> prevention in Germany].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In 1987 the national <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> prevention campaign "Gib <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> keine Chance" (Don't give <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> a chance) was started in Germany. After a very difficult and controversial political debate about a probably successful response to <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, in the end a political decision was made in favour of the implementation of a long term "social learning strategy". Thus, since then the Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung (Federal Centre for Health Education, BZgA) has been running the campaign on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Health. The result of this prevention program is a low rate of infections. In Germany there were 2600 newly diagnosed infections in 2005: 59 % in homosexual men, 16 % by heterosexual contacts, 17 % in people from high prevalence countries and 7 % in i.v. drug users. In comparison to the international situation Germany has a relatively low HIV-prevalence even nowadays. However, Germany has also been confronted with an increasing number of newly diagnosed infections in the last few years. When the prevention program was started it was very important to build new structures for a successful implementation of the campaign. That meant for instance to build up an effective infrastructure for cooperation between the governmental and the nongovernmental sector, including organising the coordinated action among the partners at the federal, regional and local levels. Likewise, international networking was of great importance. A key element, relevant for the success of the campaign was the close cooperation at the federal level between the BZgA and the Deutsche <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Hilfe (German <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Help, DAH), to combine the highreach intervention in low-prevalence populations with intensive interventions for high prevalence groups. An effective national <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> prevention campaign must reach the whole population; inform the public about the main risks of infection, about methods of protection and about what is not infectious. Moreover groups with a higher level of risk of infection must be addressed and motivated to adopt protective behaviour more intensely. The campaign thus must comprise closely related and mutually reinforcing elements: mass communication and individual communication measures, aimed at the public at large and at individual subgroups, national and international cooperation, especially the cooperation and task sharing with the DAH aimed at prevention in the epidemiologically most significant target groups, evaluation and quality assurance. The key element in this respect is the BZgA's annual representative survey of information levels, attitudes, motivation and behaviour in the more than 16- year-old population. In addition to the model of the special partnership between the BZgA and the DAH, a range of public-public partnerships, due to the German federalistic system, and public-private partnerships, which support public efforts, are necessary. It is shown that an increasing number of private partners are necessary to reinforce the program in a situation where Germany has to face new challenges. The new challenges are for instance high mobility in a globalizing society. In a world wide spreading epidemic no country will be excluded from the international development; the increase of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); a tendency to decreasing protective behaviour caused by the optimism that a definitive cure may soon be available. The conception of evaluation of the campaign comprises an annual monitoring of knowledge, attitude and behaviour in the whole population and in specific target groups. It includes pretests of specific prevention instruments and evaluation of different activities. An indicator system is developed to measure the results of the campaign. By continuous feedback of the evaluation results into the further development of the campaign the steering of the campaign at a high level of quality is ensured. PMID:17387442</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pott, E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">389</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1063838"> <span id="translatedtitle">Characterizing <span class="hlt">output</span> bottlenecks in a supercomputer</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Supercomputer I/O loads are often dominated by writes. HPC (High Performance Computing) file systems are designed to absorb these bursty <span class="hlt">outputs</span> at high bandwidth through massive parallelism. However, the delivered write bandwidth often falls well below the peak. This paper characterizes the data absorption behavior of a center-wide shared Lustre parallel file system on the Jaguar supercomputer. We use a statistical methodology to address the challenges of accurately measuring a shared machine under production load and to obtain the distribution of bandwidth across samples of compute nodes, storage targets, and time intervals. We observe and quantify limitations from competing traffic, contention on storage servers and I/O routers, concurrency limitations in the client compute node operating systems, and the impact of variance (stragglers) on coupled <span class="hlt">output</span> such as striping. We then examine the implications of our results for application performance and the design of I/O middleware systems on shared supercomputers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Xie, Bing [Duke University; Chase, Jeffrey [Duke University; Dillow, David A [ORNL; Drokin, Oleg [Intel Corporation; Klasky, Scott A [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL; Podhorszki, Norbert [ORNL</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">390</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/40895121"> <span id="translatedtitle">Rates of nitrogen application required to achieve <span class="hlt">maximum</span> energy efficiency for various crops: results of a long-term experiment</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A long-term experiment with four rates of mineral nitrogen (N) application (averaged across all the crops in a crop rotation: 0, 50, 100, 150kgha?1 per year) was conducted on a fertile loess-derived soil in central Germany. The objectives of this study were to (i) determine the rates of mineral nitrogen N application required for <span class="hlt">maximum</span> net energy <span class="hlt">output</span> (energy <span class="hlt">output</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">K.-J. Hülsbergen; B. Feil; W. Diepenbrock</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">391</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50349871"> <span id="translatedtitle">A current mode <span class="hlt">maximum</span> winner-take-all circuit with low voltage requirement for min-sum analog iterative decoders</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A new current-mode <span class="hlt">maximum</span> winner-take-all (max WTA) circuit is presented. Inputs and <span class="hlt">output</span> of the circuit are high swing, and voltage requirements for the inputs and the <span class="hlt">output</span> are very low and just about Veff (Vsat) and 2 Veff (2 Vsat), respectively. Because of the cascode configuration, the proposed circuit shows very good precision even for short channel MOSFETs. Simulation</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Saied Hemati; Amir H. Banihashemi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">392</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58490428"> <span id="translatedtitle">International Capital Flows and Aggregate <span class="hlt">Output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We develop a tractable multi-country overlapping-generations model and show that cross-country differences in financial development explain three recent empirical patterns of international capital flows. Domestic financial frictions in our model distort interest rates and aggregate <span class="hlt">output</span> in the less financially developed countries. International capital flows help ameliorate the two distortions.International flows of financial capital and foreign direct investment a ect</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Juergen von Hagen; Haiping zhang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">393</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002JAP....92.5581C"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Output</span> features of vacuum laser acceleration</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Electrons acceleration by the vacuum laser acceleration scheme CAS [see, e.g., P. X. Wang [et al.], Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2253 (2001)] (capture and acceleration scenario) is simulated. The general features of the outgoing electrons are examined at different laser intensities. Explanations based on the mechanism behind the CAS scheme of those <span class="hlt">output</span> characteristics are presented. The results show it is hopeful that CAS becomes a useful scheme for laser accelerators.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cao, N.; Ho, Y. K.; Wang, P. X.; Pang, J.; Kong, Q.; Shao, L.; Wang, Q. S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">394</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/6fkkd869ya50hqgh.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Noninvasive Cardiac <span class="hlt">Output</span> Assessment During Heart Surgery</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective. To evaluate the reliability of a new noninvasivemethod for the assessment of cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span> with the partial carbondioxide rebreathing technique. Methods. This technique wasapplied to patients undergoing heart surgery. Values of cardiac indexobtained with this equipment were compared with the artero-venousCO2 gradient, a reliable index of cardiovascular status.Positive and negative predictive values of the test were assessed.Results. A total</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Piero Ceriana; Marco Maurelli; Antonio Braschi; Paola Baiardi; Donatella De Amici</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">395</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49801061"> <span id="translatedtitle">Broadband klystron input and <span class="hlt">output</span> cavities</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A report is given on a method of design of individually broad-banded input and <span class="hlt">output</span> circuits for use on an experimental broad-band klystron. Multiple-cavity filter design techniques are applied to achieve a bandwidth of seven percent in L-band. The input circuit is comprised of a low Q coaxial cavity tightly coupled to the input cavity. It has a double humped</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">L. K. Brodersen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1960-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">396</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22718497"> <span id="translatedtitle">Expedited analysis of DFT <span class="hlt">outputs</span>: introducing MOAnalyzer.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">MOAnalyzer, a Matlab-based program, has been developed to facilitate the analysis of density functional theory <span class="hlt">output</span> files from ORCA. The program allows the user to define fragments within a molecule and then provides information on the contribution of each fragment to the molecular orbitals based on the Loewdin population analysis. Correlations to spectroscopy (X-ray absorption and X-ray emission) are also obtained, and the resulting information can be visualized in tables or MO diagrams. PMID:22718497</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Delgado-Jaime, Mario Ulises; DeBeer, Serena</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-06-20</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">397</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/204580"> <span id="translatedtitle">Benchmarking Spatial Join Operations with Spatial <span class="hlt">Output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The spatial join operation is benchmarked using variants of well-known spatial data structuressuch as the R-tree, R-tree, R+-tree, and the PMR quadtree. The focus is on a spatialjoin with spatial <span class="hlt">output</span> because the result of the spatial join frequently serves as input tosubsequent spatial operations (i.e., a cascaded spatial join as would be common in a spatialspreadsheet). Thus, in addition</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Erik G. Hoel; Hanan Samet</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">398</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49500978"> <span id="translatedtitle">Are bank loans important for <span class="hlt">output</span> growth?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">â–º This paper analyzes the impact of loan supply on personal income growth in the euro area. â–º Supplied bank loans are found to be a significant determinant of <span class="hlt">output</span> growth in the euro area. â–º The results therefore support the credit view in the euro area, in contrast to the US. â–º A second result is that bank lending</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ulrike Rondorf</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">399</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21067417"> <span id="translatedtitle">Generalized Input-<span class="hlt">Output</span> Inequality Systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper two types of generalized Leontief input-<span class="hlt">output</span> inequality systems are introduced. The minimax properties for a class of functions associated with the inequalities are studied. Sufficient and necessary conditions for the inequality systems to have solutions are obtained in terms of the minimax value. Stability analysis for the solution set is provided in terms of upper semi-continuity and hemi-continuity of set-valued maps.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liu Yingfan [Department of Mathematics, Nanjing University of Post and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210009 (China)], E-mail: yingfanliu@hotmail.com; Zhang Qinghong [Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Northern Michigan University, Marquette, MI 49855 (United States)], E-mail: qzhang@nmu.edu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-09-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">400</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2009-title47-vol1/pdf/CFR-2009-title47-vol1-sec2-1046.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">47 CFR 2.1046 - Measurements required: RF power <span class="hlt">output</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2009-10-01 false Measurements required: RF power <span class="hlt">output</span>. 2.1046 Section 2...Certification § 2.1046 Measurements required: RF power <span class="hlt">output</span>. (a) For transmitters...radiotelephone, power <span class="hlt">output</span> shall be measured at the RF <span class="hlt">output</span> terminals when the...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a 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showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">401</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009AIPC.1195..655M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Characterizing Detonator <span class="hlt">Output</span> Using Dynamic Witness Plates</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A sub-microsecond, time-resolved micro-particle-image velocimetry (PIV) system is developed to investigate the <span class="hlt">output</span> of explosive detonators. Detonator <span class="hlt">output</span> is directed into a transparent solid that serves as a dynamic witness plate and instantaneous shock and material velocities are measured in a two-dimensional plane cutting through the shock wave as it propagates through the solid. For the case of unloaded initiators (e.g. exploding bridge wires, exploding foil initiators, etc.) the witness plate serves as a surrogate for the explosive material that would normally be detonated. The velocity-field measurements quantify the velocity of the shocked material and visualize the geometry of the shocked region. Furthermore, the time-evolution of the velocity-field can be measured at intervals as small as 10 ns using the PIV system. Current experimental results of unloaded exploding bridge wire <span class="hlt">output</span> in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) witness plates demonstrate 20 MHz velocity-field sampling just 300 ns after initiation of the wire.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Murphy, Michael J.; Adrian, Ronald J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">402</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/991253"> <span id="translatedtitle">Characterizing detonator <span class="hlt">output</span> using dynamic witness plates</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A sub-microsecond, time-resolved micro-particle-image velocimetry (PIV) system is developed to investigate the <span class="hlt">output</span> of explosive detonators. Detonator <span class="hlt">output</span> is directed into a transparent solid that serves as a dynamic witness plate and instantaneous shock and material velocities are measured in a two-dimensional plane cutting through the shock wave as it propagates through the solid. For the case of unloaded initiators (e.g. exploding bridge wires, exploding foil initiators, etc.) the witness plate serves as a surrogate for the explosive material that would normally be detonated. The velocity-field measurements quantify the velocity of the shocked material and visualize the geometry of the shocked region. Furthermore, the time-evolution of the velocity-field can be measured at intervals as small as 10 ns using the PIV system. Current experimental results of unloaded exploding bridge wire <span class="hlt">output</span> in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) witness plates demonstrate 20 MHz velocity-field sampling just 300 ns after initiation of the wire.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Murphy, Michael John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Adrian, Ronald J [Los Alamos National Laboratory</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">403</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012AIPC.1477..309S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Realistic power <span class="hlt">output</span> modeling of CPV modules</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this work, we introduce a new model called YieldOpt, which calculates the power <span class="hlt">output</span> of CPV modules. It uses SMARTS2 to model the spectral irradiance, a ray tracing program to model the optics and SPICE network simulation to model the electrical characteristic of triple-junction (3J) cells. The calculated power <span class="hlt">output</span> is compared to data measured of five CPV modules operating in Freiburg, Germany during a period from October 2011 to March 2012. Four of the modules use lattice-matched 3J cells; one of these modules has also reflective secondary optics. In one of the five modules novel metamorphic 3J cells are used. The agreement of the predicted power <span class="hlt">output</span> calculated by YieldOpt with the measured data is quantified using the normalized root mean square error. A good agreement between simulation and measurement is achieved. Moreover, the predicted energy yield derived from the new model is compared with the measured energy yield. A good agreement between the measured data and simulated data is achieved. In addition, a high accuracy in predicting the energy yield of different CPV modules is demonstrated. Finally, the new model is compared with three empirical models.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Steiner, Marc; Siefer, Gerald; Bösch, Armin; Hornung, Thorsten; Bett, Andreas W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">404</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1034497"> <span id="translatedtitle">Comparison of CAISO-run Plexos <span class="hlt">output</span> with LLNL-run Plexos <span class="hlt">output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this report we compare the <span class="hlt">output</span> of the California Independent System Operator (CAISO) 33% RPS Plexos model when run on various computing systems. Specifically, we compare the <span class="hlt">output</span> resulting from running the model on CAISO's computers (Windows) and LLNL's computers (both Windows and Linux). We conclude that the differences between the three results are negligible in the context of the entire system and likely attributed to minor differences in Plexos version numbers as well as the MIP solver used in each case.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schmidt, A; Meyers, C; Smith, S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-12-20</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">405</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/918738"> <span id="translatedtitle">Laser safety evaluation and <span class="hlt">output</span> measurements for the VITAL -2 Variable Intensity Tactical Aiming Light (laser) used with the Proforce M-4 system in force-on-force exercises.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A laser safety hazard evaluation and pertinent <span class="hlt">output</span> measurements were performed (June 2003 through August 2003) on several VITAL-2 Variable Intensity Tactical Aiming Light--infrared laser, associated with the Proforce M-4 system used in force-on-force exercises. The VITAL-2 contains two diode lasers presenting 'Extended Source' viewing out to a range on the order of 1.3 meters before reverting to a 'Small Source' viewing hazard. Laser hazard evaluation was performed in concert with the ANSI Std. Z136.1-2000 for the safe use of lasers and the ANSI Std. Z136.6-2000 for the safe use of lasers outdoors. The results of the laser hazard analysis for the VITAL-2, indicates that this Tactical Aiming IR laser presents a Class 1 laser hazard to personnel in the area of use. Field measurements performed on 71 units confirmed that the radiant <span class="hlt">outputs</span> were at all times below the Allowable Emission Limit and that the irradiance of the laser spot was at all locations below the <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Exposure Limit. This system is eye-safe and it may be used under current SNL policy in force-on-force exercises. The VITAL-2 Variable Intensity Tactical Aiming Light does not present a laser hazard greater than Class 1, to <span class="hlt">aided</span> viewing with binoculars.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Augustoni, Arnold L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">406</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002JMiMi..12..505P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Design and analysis of a microelectromagnetic vibration transducer used as an implantable middle ear hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper, we present the design and analysis of a microelectromagnetic vibration transducer for an implantable middle ear hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span>, characterized by small size, high efficiency and selective frequency bandwidth. The electromagnetic vibration transducer is used to convert electrical energy, which is obtained from sound signals generated externally, into mechanical vibration energy, which is a means of amplifying acoustic sound for patients with sensory neural hearing loss. The electromagnetic vibration transducer can be partially implanted at a sound bridge of bone which is composed of the ossicular chain that couples the eardrum to the cochlea. For use as an implantable middle ear hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span>, this vibration transducer must consider design parameters, such as transducer size, vibration force and frequency. The vibration transducer should have the critical size to be partially implanted at the ossicular chain in the middle ear space. The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> vibration force of the transducer requires more than 9.6 dyne, which is according to 100 dB SPL to be compensated sound pressure level. The vibration frequency of the transducer is in the speech signal frequency range of about 100 Hz to 5 kHz. To do this, we present a new type of electromagnetic vibration transducer that is composed of a wound coil, permanent magnet and a four-beam cross silicon elastic body. In this paper we show the techniques for optimizing the electromagnetic driving part and the four-beam silicon elastic body to obtain large vibration force <span class="hlt">output</span> and selective frequency bandwidth by using theoretical analysis and finite element analysis simulation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Park, Sekwang; Lee, Ki-Chan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">407</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013Nanot..24N5401Y"> <span id="translatedtitle">Enhanced power <span class="hlt">output</span> of an electrospun PVDF/MWCNTs-based nanogenerator by tuning its conductivity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">PVDF nanofibre-based piezoelectric nanogenerators are directly prepared via electrospinning without any post-poling treatment. The effect of the addition of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the fibre diameter, mechanical properties, ?-phase composition, surface and volume conductivities, <span class="hlt">output</span> voltage and <span class="hlt">output</span> power are investigated. Increased surface conductivity of the poly-vinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanofibre mats, which plays an important role in the enhancement of <span class="hlt">output</span> power, is first found by the addition of an appropriate amount of MWCNTs. The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> generated piezo-voltage exhibited by PVDF nanofibre mats in the presence of 5 wt% MWCNTs is as high as 6 V, while the average capacitor charging power is 81.8 nW, increases of 200% and 44.8%, respectively, compared with bare PVDF nanofibre mats.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yu, Hao; Huang, Tao; Lu, Mingxia; Mao, Mengye; Zhang, Qinghong; Wang, Hongzhi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">408</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24029779"> <span id="translatedtitle">Enhanced power <span class="hlt">output</span> of an electrospun PVDF/MWCNTs-based nanogenerator by tuning its conductivity.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">PVDF nanofibre-based piezoelectric nanogenerators are directly prepared via electrospinning without any post-poling treatment. The effect of the addition of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the fibre diameter, mechanical properties, ?-phase composition, surface and volume conductivities, <span class="hlt">output</span> voltage and <span class="hlt">output</span> power are investigated. Increased surface conductivity of the poly-vinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanofibre mats, which plays an important role in the enhancement of <span class="hlt">output</span> power, is first found by the addition of an appropriate amount of MWCNTs. The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> generated piezo-voltage exhibited by PVDF nanofibre mats in the presence of 5 wt% MWCNTs is as high as 6 V, while the average capacitor charging power is 81.8 nW, increases of 200% and 44.8%, respectively, compared with bare PVDF nanofibre mats. PMID:24029779</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yu, Hao; Huang, Tao; Lu, Mingxia; Mao, Mengye; Zhang, Qinghong; Wang, Hongzhi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-12</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">409</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14964323"> <span id="translatedtitle">Predicted gain and functional gain with transcranial routing of signal completely-in-the-canal hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Transcranial routing of signal (TCROS) was accomplished using completely-in-the-canal (CIC) hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> in 5 profoundly unilaterally hearing-impaired individuals. The functional gain realized by the participants far exceeded the gain predicted by measuring the acoustic <span class="hlt">output</span> and real ear <span class="hlt">aided</span> response of the hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span>. The difference between predicted and functional gain increased with signal frequency and was attributed at least in part to mechanical vibration of the hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> in the external canal. Implications for fitting unilateral hearing loss using TCROS amplifying systems are discussed. PMID:14964323</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fagelson, Marc A; Noe, Colleen M; Murnane, Owen D; Blevins, Jennifer S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">410</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7674750"> <span id="translatedtitle">Migration and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A successful short-term solution to transmission of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in Western Africa by migrants involves provision of accessible and acceptable basic health and social services to migrants at their destination. The aim is to establish a sense of security and community, which is a health requirement. When migrants are excluded from community life or victimized as carriers of HIV infections, they will be driven by basic survival needs and dysfunctional social organization, which results in the rapid spread of HIV. Closing borders and mass deportation may not be an option. The long-term solution is population policy, environmental protection, and economic development. The focus on mapping the spread of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> must shift to a consideration of the migrant social conditions that make them vulnerable to <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. The issue of migration and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> will be addressed at the First European Conference on Tropical Medicine in October 1995 in Hamburg, Germany. In Uganda, HIV seroprevalence rates ranged from 5.5% among the stable population to 12.4% among internal migrants moving between villages to 16.3% among migrants from other areas. A World Bank project is operating in Western Africa, which traces seasonal male migration from the Cameroon to Liberia, Senegal to Nigeria, and from the Sahel to the coast during dry seasons. National border rules may influence the routes but not the extent of migration. A major destination place is Cote d' Ivoire, which has 25% of total population comprised of migrants from other countries and one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in Western Africa. On plantations prostitutes are brought in. Each prostitute serves about 25 workers. The pattern of sexual mixing contributes to the high HIV rates. Female migration is smaller and usually concentrated in prostitution at place of destination. Illiteracy and poverty drive women migrants into the trade. Their frequent health problems are malaria, pelvic pain, menstrual irregularity, vaginal discharge, and genital sores. Drugs are bought on the streets or from friends and may be of questionable efficacy. Health services may be sought upon return to the home country. PMID:7674750</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Decosas, J; Kane, F; Anarfi, J K; Sodji, K D; Wagner, H U</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-09-23</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">411</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12285218"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Adolescence and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The myths and prejudices that distort the reality and hide the true causes and effects of natural and social phenomena related to sexuality have a fertile ground in <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, given its obvious link to sex. The alarming spread of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> has been 1 result of these myths and prejudices. Human beings are sexual by nature; genital organs determine sex and also induce sexual behavior. It is by not fairly well accepted that an individual's sexuality exists from birth. Puberty usually begins at 12-16 years for both sexes. The physical changes of puberty terminate in the ability of the female to conceive and the male to procreate. The sexual excitation of adolescents resulting from production of various hormones can only be eliminated by some type of sexual satisfaction or sublimation. Sexuality, according to Freud, is an organizing principle of the personality. The sexual organs exist not merely for reproduction but to provide pleasure. Puberty signifies entry into active sex life. But the ideological structure of society, perpetuated by the family, schools, religion, the mass media, and other social institutions, sends confused signals to adolescents, requiring abstinence and virginity until marriage for women while encouraging sexual adventures for men. Adolescents are confronted by their new sexual feelings in the midst of a virtual bombardment of visual sexual stimuli from the mass media. It becomes impossible for adolescents to satisfy the requirements of appearances while also resolving the problems and pressures of their newly gained sexual maturity. Many adolescents become sexually active, and the problem is not to prevent sexual activity but to improve the conditions under which it occurs. Adolescents, lacking education and information about sex, begin their sex lives without protection. <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> has now been added to the list of dire consequences that can result. A true sex education beginning in the home is needed to enable young people to develop healthy and full sex lives. But before parents can assume the role of sex educators for their children, they must free themselves of myths and taboos that distort sexual reality. It should be the adolescent who determines both the moment of initiating sexual relations and general and profound attitudes toward sex. But the adolescent should be able to count on information and the preventive measures required in the age of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. PMID:12285218</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">412</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title5-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title5-vol1-sec534-203.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">5 CFR 534.203 - <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> stipends.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...<span class="hlt">Maximum</span> stipends for positions in the Public Health Service in which duty requires intimate contact with persons afflicted with leprosy are increased above the rates prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section to the same extent that additional pay is...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">413</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2009-title5-vol1/pdf/CFR-2009-title5-vol1-sec534-203.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">5 CFR 534.203 - <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> stipends.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...<span class="hlt">Maximum</span> stipends for positions in the Public Health Service in which duty requires intimate contact with persons afflicted with leprosy are increased above the rates prescribed in paragraph (a) of this section to the same extent that additional pay is...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">414</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=PB2008109319"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Likelihood Estimation for Random Sequential Adsorption.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Existence and uniqueness of a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood estimator for the time and range parameters in random sequential adsorption models is established. Nuisance parameters of the reference distribution are estimated by means of profile likelihoods. The approa...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. N. M. Van Lieshout</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">415</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EL....10340001A"> <span id="translatedtitle">On the efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> cooling power</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power (EMP) of heat engines operating as generators is one corner stone of finite-time thermodynamics, the Curzon-Ahlborn efficiency \\eta_CA being considered as a universal upper bound. Yet, no valid counterpart to \\eta_CA has been derived for the efficiency at <span class="hlt">maximum</span> cooling power (EMCP) for heat engines operating as refrigerators. In this letter we analyse the reasons of the failure to obtain such a bound and we demonstrate that, despite the introduction of several optimisation criteria, the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> cooling power condition should be considered as the genuine equivalent of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power condition in the finite-time thermodynamics frame. We then propose and discuss an analytic expression for the EMCP in the specific case of exoreversible refrigerators.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Apertet, Y.; Ouerdane, H.; Michot, A.; Goupil, C.; Lecoeur, Ph.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">416</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ofmpub.epa.gov/sor_internet/registry/termreg/searchandretrieve/glossariesandkeywordlists/search.do?details=&glossaryName=Sediment%20TMDLs%20(Oct%201999)"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sediment Total <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Daily Loads (TMDLs) Glossary</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/search.htm">EPA Pesticide Factsheets</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Water Quality:  The biological, chemical, and physical conditions of a waterbody. It is a measure of a waterbody's ability to support beneficial uses.   From Sediment Total <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Daily Loads (TMDLs) Glossary  -  Search all glossaries for terms containing water quality</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-12-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">417</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990PhyS...41..758N"> <span id="translatedtitle">Photoemission spectromicroscopy with <span class="hlt">MAXIMUM</span> at Wisconsin</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We describe the development of the scanning photoemission spectromicroscope <span class="hlt">MAXIMUM</span> at the Wisoncsin Synchrotron Radiation Center, which uses radiation from a 30-period undulator. The article includes a discussion of the first tests after the initial commissioning.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ng, W.; Ray-Chaudhuri, A. K.; Cole, R. K.; Wallace, J.; Crossley, S.; Crossley, D.; Chen, G.; Green, M.; Guo, J.; Hansen, R. W. C.; Cerrina, F.; Margaritondo, G.; Underwood, J. H.; Korthright, J.; Perera, R. C. C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">418</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2865704"> <span id="translatedtitle">Measurement of hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> internal noise1</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Hearing <span class="hlt">aid</span> equivalent input noise (EIN) measures assume the primary source of internal noise to be located prior to amplification and to be constant regardless of input level. EIN will underestimate internal noise in the case that noise is generated following amplification. The present study investigated the internal noise levels of six hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> (HAs). Concurrent with HA processing of a speech-like stimulus with both adaptive features (acoustic feedback cancellation, digital noise reduction, microphone directionality) enabled and disabled, internal noise was quantified for various stimulus levels as the variance across repeated trials. Changes in noise level as a function of stimulus level demonstrated that (1) generation of internal noise is not isolated to the microphone, (2) noise may be dependent on input level, and (3) certain adaptive features may contribute to internal noise. Quantifying internal noise as the variance of the <span class="hlt">output</span> measures allows for noise to be measured under real-world processing conditions, accounts for all sources of noise, and is predictive of internal noise audibility.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lewis, James D.; Goodman, Shawn S.; Bentler, Ruth A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">419</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1220287"> <span id="translatedtitle">Grassmannian beamforming for multiple-input multiple-<span class="hlt">output</span> wireless systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Transmit beamforming and receive combining are simple methods for exploiting the significant diversity that is available in multiple-input and multiple-<span class="hlt">output</span> (MIMO) wireless systems. Unfortunately, optimal performance requires either complete channel knowledge or knowledge of the optimal beam- forming vector which are not always realizable in practice. In this correspondence, a quantized <span class="hlt">maximum</span> signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) beamforming technique is proposed where</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">David James Love; Robert W. Heath Jr.; Thomas Strohmer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">420</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/51036863"> <span id="translatedtitle">Per panel photovoltaic energy extraction with multilevel <span class="hlt">output</span> DC-DC switched capacitor converters</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Switched capacitor multilevel <span class="hlt">output</span> DC-DC con- verters are evaluated as panel integrated modules in a solar <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking system. The recommended system includes a central input current-controlled ripple port inverter. Potential benefits include per panel MPPT without inter-panel communication, electrolytic capacitors or per panel magnetics. Statistical methods are used to predict average track- ing and conversion efficiencies. A</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">John J. Cooley; Steven B. Leeb</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">421</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/reprint/185/1/179.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">POWER <span class="hlt">OUTPUT</span> AND PROPULSIVE EFFICIENCY OF SWIMMING BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS (TURSIOPS TRUNCATUS)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Summary The power <span class="hlt">output</span> and propulsive efficiency of swimming bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) were determined from a hydromechanica l model. The propulsive movements were filmed as dolphins swam in large pools. Dolphins swam at velocities of 1.2-6.0ms21. Propulsion was provided by dorsoventral oscillations of the posterior body and flukes. The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> angle of attack of the flukes showed a linear</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">FRANK E. FISH</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">422</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/196147"> <span id="translatedtitle">Soft-<span class="hlt">output</span> equalization and TCM for wireless personal communications systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper investigates the use of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> a posteriori probability (MAP) algorithm to realizesoft-<span class="hlt">output</span> equalization in a concatenated equalization and trellis-coded modulation (TCM)decoding based wireless communication system. Specifically, we first begin with a generalMAP algorithm, and then focus on studying Bahl's MAP and Lee's MAP algorithms. Wethen propose a modified version of Lee's algorithm which is much simpler than the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Justin C I Chuang; K. B. Letaief; Yue Chen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">423</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/14360639"> <span id="translatedtitle">Soft-<span class="hlt">output</span> equalization and TCM for wireless personal communication systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper investigates the use of a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> a posteriori probability (MAP) algorithm to realize soft-<span class="hlt">output</span> equalization in a concatenated equalization and trellis-coded modulation (TCM) decoding-based wireless communication system. Specifically, we first begin with a general MAP algorithm and then focus on studying Bahl's (1974) MAP and Lee's (1974) MAP algorithms. We then propose a modified version of Lee's MAP</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yue Chen; Khaled Ben Letaief; J. C.-I. Chuang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">424</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006Entrp...8...18D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Utility Function from <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy Principle</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recently we used the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy principle for finding the price density in a multi agent insurance market. The result is similar to what the Buhlmann had obtained by maximizing the utility function. Here we begin with the price density that is derived by applying the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy principle to a conservative economic system (exchange market), then reverse the Buhlmann calculation to find the utility function and the risk aversion of agents with respect to this density.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Darooneh, Amir H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">425</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/313270"> <span id="translatedtitle">Using <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy for Text Classification</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper proposes the use of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropytechniques for text classification. Maximumentropy is a probability distribution estimationtechnique widely used for a variety ofnatural language tasks, such as language modeling,part-of-speech tagging, and text segmentation.The underlying principle of maximumentropy is that without external knowledge, oneshould prefer distributions that are uniform.Constraints on the distribution, derived fromlabeled training data, inform <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kamal Nigam; John Lafferty; Andrew Mccallum</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">426</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013ChPhB..22c0312Z"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> confidence measurements via probabilistic quantum cloning</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Probabilistic quantum cloning (PQC) cannot copy a set of linearly dependent quantum states. In this paper, we show that if incorrect copies are allowed to be produced, linearly dependent quantum states may also be cloned by the PQC. By exploiting this kind of PQC to clone a special set of three linearly dependent quantum states, we derive the upper bound of the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> confidence measure of a set. An explicit transformation of the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> confidence measure is presented.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhang, Wen-Hai; Yu, Long-Bao; Cao, Zhuo-Liang; Ye, Liu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">427</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1686048"> <span id="translatedtitle">A <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood map of chromosome 1.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Thirteen loci are mapped on chromosome 1 from genetic evidence. The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood map presented permits confirmation that Scianna (SC) and a fourteenth locus, phenylketonuria (PKU), are on chromosome 1, although the location of the latter on the PGM1-AMY segment is uncertain. Eight other controversial genetic assignments are rejected, providing a practical demonstration of the resolution which <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood theory brings to mapping.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rao, D C; Keats, B J; Lalouel, J M; Morton, N E; Yee, S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1979-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">428</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52299301"> <span id="translatedtitle">Predicting <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Lake Depth from Surrounding Topography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Information about lake morphometry (e.g., depth, volume, size, etc.) <span class="hlt">aids</span> understanding of the physical and ecological dynamics of lakes, yet is often not readily available. The data needed to calculate measures of lake morphometry, particularly lake depth, are usually collected on a lake-by-lake basis and are difficult to obtain across broad regions. To span the gap between studies of individual</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jeffrey W. Hollister; W. Bryan Milstead; M. Andrea Urrutia; Guy J.-P. Schumann</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">429</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11367389"> <span id="translatedtitle">Funding for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> research endangered.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Action and other medical research advocates are fighting proposed Federal funding cuts aimed at research at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Department of Defense (DoD). Despite an amendment which restored $1 billion out of $1.1 billion in cuts to the NIH, there is still likely to be a twenty percent cut in overall research dollars for 1995. Congress is proposing to reform the FDA, which could result in fewer resources being available for the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> community. <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Action and other <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> advocacy groups are working together to create a list of principles for inclusion in the FDA reform process. Finally, President Clinton's budget request for DoD <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> research was $9.6 million, down from the FY 95 level of $33 million. <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> advocates are pushing Congress to appropriate funds at the FY 95 funding level. PMID:11367389</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">430</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8690489"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> awareness among nursing students.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nursing students are being identified as a potential risk group for the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> spread. Awareness regarding <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in this group is crucial for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> management and prevention. This cross-sectional study was planned and carried out to assess the awareness of nursing students regarding <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and to identify the areas of confusion that might serve as an important target of educational intervention. The study consisted of 204 nursing students selected from Nursing school, Govt. Medical College, Nagpur. The overall knowledge regarding etiology, risk factors, transmission, treatment and prevention of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> was confusing among the students. The average knowledge score was estimated to be 17.6 of 28. However, more knowledge was found to be correlated with more positive and fearless attitude towards <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> patients. PMID:8690489</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kubde, S S; Zodpey, S D; Vasudeo, N D</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">431</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004SPIE.5595..206M"> <span id="translatedtitle">High <span class="hlt">output</span> power widely tunable laser module</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We have developed highly reliable widely tunable module, whose performances were comparable with fixed-wavelength DFB laser module. To realize wide tunability, 12 l/4-shifted DFB laser array, S-bend waveguides, MMI coupler and an SOA were integrated on a chip. We could achieve 37nm tunability by controlling each chip temperature in the range of 5 to 45°C. High <span class="hlt">output</span> fiber coupled power of 30mW and very uniform L-I curves out of 12 DFB lasers were achieved even at 50°C. Good quality of lasing spectrum was obtained. Side mode suppression ratio (SMSR) > 45dB. The well-suppressed reflection at chip front facet contributed to the lower noise characteristics, such as RIN < -140dB/Hz and linewidth < 4MHz. The shift of locked frequency was less than 0.4GHz as the case temperature varied from -5 to 75°C. Very small frequency shift was realized by controlling the temperature of locker part, independently. By optimizing TEC design, we could achieve low TEC power consumption less than 4W under Tcase=75°C and the end of life condition of SOA current. The new function by incorporating SOA was VOA. By changing the operating SOA current, we could vary <span class="hlt">output</span> power from 1mW to 20mW, maintaining SMSR > 40dB, RIN < -135dB/Hz, linewidth < 4MHz. We also performed optical blocking > 40dB, when SOA current was turned off. We examined modules reliability under high temperature storage of 85°C. The change of <span class="hlt">output</span> power was < +/- 10%, and the shift of locked frequency was < +/- 5pm after 2000 hours.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mukaihara, Toshikazu; Kurobe, Tatsuro; Kimoto, Tatsuya; Shinagawa, Tatsuyuki; Nishita, Masayoshi; Kasukawa, Akihiko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">432</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/es346f.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Aide</span> au logement et emploi</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">[fre] Parmi les allocataires du RMI sans conjoint ni enfant, ceux qui bénéficient d’une <span class="hlt">aide</span> au logement reprennent plus souvent que les autres une activité. Ce résultat peut surprendre. En effet, les bénéficiaires d’une <span class="hlt">aide</span> disposent d’un revenu global supérieur. De plus, l’<span class="hlt">aide</span> au logement est fortement redistributive, et les gains retirés de la reprise d’un emploi se trouvent réduits</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cédric Afsa</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">433</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.arha.org.au/papersandarticles/OP%202.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Rethinking the African <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Epidemic</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Half the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> victims in the world are in East and Southern Africa, where adult HIV sero-prevalence was 11.4 percent by the end of 1997 and over 25 percent in two countries of Southern Africa. HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> infection is not the result of ignorance, as nearly everyone has sufficient knowledge about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and how it is transmitted. The high levels of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">John C. Caldwell</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">434</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/e6k12737882h270k.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Depression and HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> continues to be a significant public health problem. Millions of people worldwide are infected with this virus daily,\\u000a and thousands die yearly of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>-related illnesses. Despite rapid advances in our knowledge about HIV and its mode of transmission,\\u000a we have been unable to find a cure or prevent new infections. Psychiatric comorbidity is associated with HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>: as a risk</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tami D. Benton</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">435</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/36895613"> <span id="translatedtitle">Changing <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>-Risk Behavior</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article contains a comprehensive, critical review of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>)-risk-reduction literature on interventions that have targeted risky sexual behavior and intravenous drug use practices. A conceptually based, highly generalizable model for promoting and evaluating <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>-risk behavior change in any population of interest is then proposed. The model holds that <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>-risk reduction is a function of people's information</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jeffrey D. Fisher; William A. Fisher</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">436</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6032495"> <span id="translatedtitle">Semiconductor laser with a converging <span class="hlt">output</span> beam</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Semiconductor lasers with converging <span class="hlt">output</span> beams are reported for the first time. The lasers have a low-gain region on the center of the mesa stripe near one cleaved facet. The low-gain region distorts the phase front of the guided light and beam convergence results. The width of the laser beam in the direction parallel to the junction plane decreases with distance from 30 ..mu..m at the facet down to 7 ..mu..m at 111 ..mu..m off the facet. Moreover, the one-dimensional optical power density increases with distance in accordance with the decrease in beam width.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mukai, S.; Yajima, H.; Watanabe, M.; Itoh, H.; Takabe, Y.; Tsunekawa, Y.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">437</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/doepatents/details.jsp?query_id=0&page=0&ostiID=5633997"> <span id="translatedtitle">Off-set stabilizer for comparator <span class="hlt">output</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A stabilized off-set voltage is input as the reference voltage to a comparator. In application to a time-interval meter, the comparator <span class="hlt">output</span> generates a timing interval which is independent of drift in the initial voltage across the timing capacitor. A precision resistor and operational amplifier charge a capacitor to a voltage which is precisely offset from the initial voltage. The capacitance of the reference capacitor is selected so that substantially no voltage drop is obtained in the reference voltage applied to the comparator during the interval to be measured. 3 figs.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lunsford, J.S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-02-26</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">438</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3105789"> <span id="translatedtitle">Public knowledge about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> increasing.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In response to concern over the perceived limited effectiveness of Department of Health and Social Security (UK) advertising campaigns to inform the public of the basic facts of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>), a prospective questionnaire study was undertaken in Southampton, England to test the effectiveness of government education prior to a January, 1987 government television/leaflet advertising campaign. 300 questionnaires about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> were mailed in December of 1986 to a sample drawn from electoral rolls. The response rate was 61%. Most of the questions were drawn from material covered in the campaign. The results seemed to indicate a small overall increase in knowledge about <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. Some changes from a June survey were noted, e.g.: more people were aware that <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> is a virus for which there is no cure and that it is not readily transmitted by sharing washing, eating or drinking utensils; more people believed that the statement that women are at greater risk for catching <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> is false. Respondents were generally favorable to the government's continued use of television, even with explicit language, and to its use of the schools, for <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> education. Many were not aware of the dangers to intravenous drug users or of the symptoms of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. Other surveys have shown an increasing knowledge of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> dangers. It is possible that television coverage of the problem will continue to be necessary, in order that less literate populations be reached. Further <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> health education in general is needed. PMID:3105789</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Campbell, M J; Waters, W E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">439</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/14365039"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span>-likelihood sequence estimation of digital sequences in the presence of intersymbol interference</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-likelihood sequence estimator for a digital pulse-amplitude-modulated sequence in the presence of finite intersymbol interference and white Gaussian noise is developed, The structure comprises a sampled linear filter, called a whitened matched filter, and a recursive nonlinear processor, called the Viterbi algorithm. The <span class="hlt">outputs</span> of the whitened matched filter, sampled once for each input symbol, are shown to form</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1972-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">440</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/135485"> <span id="translatedtitle">Optimal and sub-optimal <span class="hlt">maximum</span> a posteriori algorithms suitable for turbo decoding</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">For estimating the states or <span class="hlt">outputs</span> of a Markov process, the symbol-by-symbol <span class="hlt">maximum</span> a posteriori(MAP) algorithm is optimal. However, this algorithm, even in its recursive form, poses technical difficultiesbecause of numerical representation problems, the necessity of non-linear functions and a high number ofadditions and multiplications. MAP like algorithms operating in the logarithmic domain presented in thepast solve the numerical problem</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Patrick Robertson; Peter Hoeher; Emmanuelle Villebrun</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a 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showDiv("page_24");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">441</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1535059"> <span id="translatedtitle">Development of a microcontroller-based, photovoltaic <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking control system</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> power point tracking (MPPT) is used in photovoltaic (PV) systems to maximize the photovoltaic array <span class="hlt">output</span> power, irrespective of the temperature and irradiation conditions and of the load electrical characteristics. A new MPPT system has been developed, consisting of a buck-type DC\\/DC converter, which is controlled by a microcontroller-based unit. The main difference between the method used in the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Eftichios Koutroulis; Kostas Kalaitzakis; Nicholas C. Voulgaris</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">442</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1536203"> <span id="translatedtitle">A novel <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking technique for solar panels using a SEPIC or Cuk converter</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A novel technique for efficiently extracting the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> <span class="hlt">output</span> power from a solar panel under varying meteorological conditions is presented. The methodology is based on connecting a pulse-width-modulated (PWM) DC\\/DC SEPIC or Cuk converter between a solar panel and a load or battery bus. The converter operates in discontinuous capacitor voltage mode whilst its input current is continuous. By modulating</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Henry Shu-Hung Chung; K. K. Tse; S. Y. Ron Hui; C. M. Mok; M. T. Ho</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">443</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1458452"> <span id="translatedtitle">Adaptive <span class="hlt">Maximum</span>-Likelihood Receiver for Carrier-Modulated Data-Transmission Systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A new look is taken at <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-likelihood sequence estimation in the presence of intersymbol interference. A uniform receiver structure for linear carrier-modulated data-transmission systems is derived which for decision making uses a modified version of the Viterbi algorithm. The algorithm operates directly on the <span class="hlt">output</span> signal of a complex matched filter and, in contrast to the original algorithm, requires no</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">GOTTFRIED UNGERBOECK</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1974-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">444</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5678037"> <span id="translatedtitle">World crude <span class="hlt">output</span> overcomes Persian Gulf disruption</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet <span class="hlt">output</span> took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined <span class="hlt">output</span> rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Not Available</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">445</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005APS..DPPQP1097F"> <span id="translatedtitle">Magnetron with axial <span class="hlt">output</span> of radiation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">As the limiting case of a magnetron with diffraction <span class="hlt">output</span> [1], we consider a magnetron with axial extraction of electromagnetic energy through a cylindrical waveguide joined to the resonant system. A short length of waveguide with small cross section (less than cut off for the radiated wave) is placed between the resonant system and the <span class="hlt">output</span> waveguide to obtain the optimal Q-factor. This magnetron is very compact due to its symmetrical design, even when the magnetic system is included. Importantly, any synchronous mode can be used as the operating mode because of identical loads for all the cavities. Computer simulations of the well-known A6 magnetron geometry, using the 3D fully relativistic particle-in-cell code MAGIC, demonstrate stable operation for the 2?-type of oscillations, with radiation power of about 0.7 GW and radiation frequency of 3 GHz. Electron efficiency is about 15% when and the applied voltage is 350 kV. Application of a cathode [2] that consists of several individual longitudinal emitting strips arranged in a cylindrical geometry, provides fast start of oscillations. [1] M. Fuks and N. Kovalev, Program and abstracts of XI Int. Conf. On High Power Electromagnetics, Tel-Aviv, 1998, 23. [2] M. Fuks and E. Schamiloglu, Papers of USA-Japan Meeting on Plasma Science, Hawaii, 2004, 71-76.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fuks, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">446</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1693290"> <span id="translatedtitle">[Input and <span class="hlt">output</span> channels of quantum biocomputers].</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is proposed that "Quantum Molecular" computer of a neuron consists of the cell cytoskeleton serving as calculating media and input ionic channel sending a hypersound signal to observe these media. The sound spreads through the media travelling along microtubules and microfilaments and switching between those via molecular bridges which serve as elementary switches. The whole system works like a wave guiding net connecting input ionic channels (which generate different sound signals) and <span class="hlt">output</span> ionic channels (which are controlled by the processed sound signals). Thus the <span class="hlt">output</span> of such systems depends on the input (controlled by synaptic activity) and on the construction and state of these calculating media. We think that the sound waves spreading through different calculating media solve different physical problems. The construction of the calculating part of the cytoskeleton, according to the hypothesis, is different in different neurons. It is defined by special protein which is produced by DNA, RNA and protein molecular word processor (during brain development and, may be, education). We comment on how the existence of an extremal computer produces an impact on physics and mathematics exemplified by the optimality principle as substitution of physical relativity principle for a complex problem. PMID:1693290</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Minina, S V; Liberman, E A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">447</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/35692829"> <span id="translatedtitle">When is foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> policy credible? <span class="hlt">Aid</span> dependence and conditionality</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Disbursements of foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span> are guided (in part) by the needs of the poor. Anticipating this, recipients have little incentive to improve the welfare of the poor. In principle, conditionality could partly solve the problem, but this requires a strong commitment ability by the donor. Without such a commitment technology, <span class="hlt">aid</span> will be allocated (partly) to those in most need,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jakob Svensson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">448</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/25131183"> <span id="translatedtitle">Training home health <span class="hlt">aides</span> to work with persons with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The authors of this article present a grass-roots approach to the instruction of home health care <span class="hlt">aides</span> in caring for PWAs. Much of the information presented could be applied to other care providers as well. The goal of the educational process, which advocates facilitating the learning process rather than lecturing, is to better prepare the <span class="hlt">aides</span> to care for their</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pamela Bohmann; Marcy A. Fraser</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">449</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1420603"> <span id="translatedtitle">Short-current pulse-based <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-power-point tracking method for multiple photovoltaic-and-converter module system</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper proposes a novel <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-power-point tracking (MPPT) method with a simple algorithm for photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems. The method is based on use of a short-current pulse of the PV to determine an optimum operating current where the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> <span class="hlt">output</span> power can be obtained and completely differs from conventional hill-climbing-based methods. In the proposed system, the optimum operating</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Toshihiko Noguchi; Shigenori Togashi; Ryo Nakamoto</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">450</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6593963"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> likelihood deconvolution: a new perspective</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span>-likelihood deconvolution can be presented from at least two very different points of view. Unfortunately, in most journal articles, it is couched in the mystique of state-variable models and estimation theory, both of which, are generally quite foreign to geophysical signal processors. This paper explains <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-likelihood deconvolution using the well-known convolutional model and some relatively simple ideas from optimization theory. Both of these areas should be well known to geophysical signal processors. Although it is straightforward to develop the theory of <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-likelihood deconvolution using the convolutional model and optimization theory, this approach does not lead to practical computational algorithms. Recursive algorithms must be used; they are orders of magnitude faster than the batch algorithms that are associated with the convolutional model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mendel, J.M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">451</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=265494"> <span id="translatedtitle">Neisseria spp. and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Neisseria meningitidis from various serogroups and two commensal neisseriae (N. sicca and N. perflava) were isolated from 15 patients at various stages of human immunodeficiency virus infection in this clinical and bacteriological study. The cases were grouped into the following three classes: (i) infections with an N. meningitidis strain of a serogroup known to be pathogenic (A, B, or C) and apparently independent of the human immunodeficiency virus infection, (ii) infections with a N. meningitidis strain of a serogroup which is normally either commensal or poorly pathogenic (serogroups Y, X, Z, and Z,29E), (iii) pulmonary and disseminated infections occurring in the course of the clinical evolutionary stage of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, in two cases of which commensal neisseriae (N. sicca and N. perflava) were isolated from blood cultures.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Morla, N; Guibourdenche, M; Riou, J Y</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">452</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12286016"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and sex tourism.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Tourists traveling internationally lower their inhibitions and take greater risks than they would typically in their home cultures. Loneliness, boredom, and a sense of freedom contribute to this behavioral change. Some tourists travel internationally in search of sexual gratification. This motivation may be actively conscious or subconscious to the traveler. Billed as romantic with great natural beauty, Thailand, the Philippines, Brazil, the Dominican Republic, and Kenya are popular destinations of tourists seeking sex. The Netherlands and countries in eastern Europe are also popular. With most initial cases of HIV infection in Europe having histories of international travel, mass tourism is a major factor in the international transmission of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. While abroad, tourists have sex with casual partners, sex workers, and/or other tourists. Far from all tourists, however, carry and consistently use condoms with these partners. One study found female and non white travelers to be less likely than Whites and males to carry condoms. The risk of HIV infection increases in circumstances where condoms are not readily available in the host country and/or are of poor quality. Regarding actual condom use, a study found only 34% of sex tourists from Switzerland to consistently use condoms while abroad. 28% of men in an STD clinic in Melbourne, Australia, reported consistent condom use in sexual relations while traveling in Asia; STDs were identified in 73% of men examined. The few studies of tourists suggest that a significant proportion engage in risky behavior while traveling. HIV prevalence is rapidly increasing in countries known as destinations for sex tourism. High infection rates are especially evident among teenage sex workers in Thailand. Simply documenting the prevalence of risky behavior among sex tourists will not suffice. More research is needed on travelers and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> with particular attention upon the motivating factors supporting persistent high-risk behavior. PMID:12286016</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Herold, E S; Van Kerkwijk, C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">453</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/15244074"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Formation of Topographic Maps That Maximize the Average Mutual Information of the <span class="hlt">Output</span> Responses to Noiseless Input Signals</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article introduces an extremely simple and local learning rule for to pographic map formation. The rule, called the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy learning rule (MER), maximizes the unconditional entropy of the map's <span class="hlt">output</span> for any type of input distribution. The aim of this article is to show that MER is a viable strategy for building topographic maps that maximize the average</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Marc M. Van Hulle</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">454</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15133982"> <span id="translatedtitle">Continuous monitoring of cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span> from TCG signals.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Continuous measurement of cardiac <span class="hlt">output</span> (CO) is an important and difficult measure to obtain in an ambulatory environment. A novel ambulatory monitoring system (LifeShirt, VivoMetrics, Inc., Ventura, CA, USA) with three Inductive Plethysmographic (IP) sensors embedded in a garment, enables continuous monitoring of respiration from the ribcage and abdomen areas, and captures thoracocardiograph (TCG) signals from the thorax at the level of the left ventricle. This TCG signal provides a non-invasive measure of the volumetric contractions of the heart. The raw TCG signal must undergo extensive signal processing and digital filtering to extract a volume curve similar to the ventricular volume curve obtained through echocardiography. Typically the respiratory component has an amplitude of over twenty times that of the stroke volume curve. This investigation compares various signal processing algorithms such as spectral subtraction and adaptive filtering to separate these 2 components, which can occupy the same frequency band. These algorithms make use of the ribcage and abdominal signals to predict the respiratory component within the TCG signal. A dual axis accelerometer that measures posture and levels of activity <span class="hlt">aids</span> filtering movement artifact. With the addition of a single lead ECG, ensemble averaging is used to smooth artifact in the signal, and CO may be obtained by including a heart rate measure. Additional measures can be derived including left ventricular systolic time intervals such as Pre-ejection period, Peak ejection rate and time to peak ejection rate. The results show that increases and decreases in SV and CO can be measured over time. PMID:15133982</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Keenan, D B</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">455</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57943684"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and Nutrition</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Diet and nutrition are directly involved in patient care protocols that reflect a shift in the treatment of HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> as a chronic disease, with an emphasis on quality of life and expanded life trajectory. Research concerning HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and nutrition is multidisciplinary, yielding study results that appear in a wide variety of scholarly journals. The purpose of this research was to</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jeffrey T. Huber; William K. Schoonover; Maisie Kashka</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">456</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22health+aspects%22&pg=3&id=EJ332365"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">AIDS</span>: Preschool and School Issues.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The epidemiological, clinical, and public health aspects of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>) in children is reviewed. Evidence establishing modes of transmission is emphasized. Guidelines are presented to assist school staff in the educational management of children infected with the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> virus. (Author/MT)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Black, Jeffrey L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">457</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57466564"> <span id="translatedtitle">Families, children, migration and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Migration is very often a family affair, and often involves children, directly or indirectly. It may give rise to better quality of life for an entire family, or to bitter disappointment, and may also increase vulnerability to HIV and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>. This review, carried out for the Joint Learning Initiative on Children and <span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, links the literature on “migration”, on “HIV</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mary Haour-Knipe</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">458</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/59166577"> <span id="translatedtitle">Ethical Issues in <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> Research</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">There is a need for carefully controlled and scientifically rigorous research studies of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>). The morbidity and mortality associated with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> patients and the public health concerns for control of this epidemic have distorted the usual process of research. The Institutional Review Board at Boston City Hospital is suggested as an appropriate mechanism for clarifying the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Michael A. Grodin; Paula V. Kaminow; Raphael Sassower</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">459</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/61321017"> <span id="translatedtitle">US <span class="hlt">aid</span> at the crossroads</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The changing reality of economic development has forced the United States to reappraise its entire approach to foreign <span class="hlt">aid</span>. The future of some programs of the United Nation Conference on Science and Technology for Development is at present uncertain. Previous administration of US <span class="hlt">aid</span> (from the Department of State, the Treasury, US Agency for International Development, etc.) was often uncoordinated</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yanchinski</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">460</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=benefits+AND+of+AND+telephone+AND+surveys&id=ED539692"> <span id="translatedtitle">Certification of Financial <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Administrators</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The certification of financial <span class="hlt">aid</span> administrators has been debated for over 37 years. A job satisfaction survey conducted by the National Association of Student Financial <span class="hlt">Aid</span> Administrators (NASFAA, 2008a) revealed that college and university administrators' perceptions of the efficiency, effectiveness, and quality of the services provided by the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Peterson, Stacey A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" 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class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... vary with the location, specialty, and size of the practice. High school diploma or equivalent $28,860 Nursing <span class="hlt">Aides</span>, Orderlies, and Attendants Nursing <span class="hlt">aides</span>, orderlies, and attendants help provide basic care for patients in hospitals and residents of long-term care facilities, ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">462</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/hivaidsandpregnancy.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and Pregnancy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">If you have HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> and find out you are pregnant or think you may be pregnant, you should let your health care provider know as soon as possible. Some HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> medicines may harm your baby. Your health care ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">463</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1758-2652-13-47.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The history of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> exceptionalism</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In the history of public health, HIV\\/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> is unique; it has widespread and long-lasting demographic, social, economic and political impacts. The global response has been unprecedented. <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> exceptionalism - the idea that the disease requires a response above and beyond \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Julia H Smith; Alan Whiteside</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">464</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/first-aid/FA00064/METHOD=print"> <span id="translatedtitle">Foreign Object Inhaled: First <span class="hlt">Aid</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... foreign object, see your doctor. If an inhaled foreign object causes choking, the American Red Cross recommends the "five-and-five" approach ... you have read and agree to our privacy policy. Share this on ... ... /health /first-<span class="hlt">aid</span> /FA00064 ">Foreign object inhaled: First <span class="hlt">aid</span></a> Guidelines for sites ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">465</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/37394528"> <span id="translatedtitle">Care of the <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> patient</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Treatment of the person dying from <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> requires attention to the biological, psychological, and social aspects of the patient. Diagnostic and therapeutic interventions must be appropriate for the stage of the illness, the wishes of the patient, and the risk-benefit ratio of each particular situation.Symptom management requires familiarity with the multiple problems seen in persons with <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> (PWA). Optimal treatment</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jerome Schofferman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">466</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED210896.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computerized <span class="hlt">Aids</span> for the Handicapped.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The report examines a variety of computerized <span class="hlt">aids</span> and devices for individuals with visual, communication, or other disabilities, as well as ways computers may be used in the education and employment of handicapped individuals. Considered in the section on visual and hearing <span class="hlt">aids</span> are talking meters, braille terminals, devices for reading standard…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Flaningam, Donalee</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">467</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2009-title40-vol32/pdf/CFR-2009-title40-vol32-sec1065-210.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">40 CFR 1065.210 - Work input and <span class="hlt">output</span> sensors.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...false Work input and <span class="hlt">output</span> sensors. 1065.210 Section 1065...210 Work input and <span class="hlt">output</span> sensors. (a) Application. ...We recommend that you use sensors, transducers...compressor or turbine work. Use pressure transducer and flow-meter...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">468</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title40-vol32/pdf/CFR-2010-title40-vol32-sec1065-210.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">40 CFR 1065.210 - Work input and <span class="hlt">output</span> sensors.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...false Work input and <span class="hlt">output</span> sensors. 1065.210 Section 1065...210 Work input and <span class="hlt">output</span> sensors. (a) Application. ...We recommend that you use sensors, transducers...compressor or turbine work. Use pressure transducer and flow-meter...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">469</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003PhDT.......157W"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> wind energy extraction strategies using power electronic converters</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This thesis focuses on <span class="hlt">maximum</span> wind energy extraction strategies for achieving the highest energy <span class="hlt">output</span> of variable speed wind turbine power generation systems. Power electronic converters and controls provide the basic platform to accomplish the research of this thesis in both hardware and software aspects. In order to send wind energy to a utility grid, a variable speed wind turbine requires a power electronic converter to convert a variable voltage variable frequency source into a fixed voltage fixed frequency supply. Generic single-phase and three-phase converter topologies, converter control methods for wind power generation, as well as the developed direct drive generator, are introduced in the thesis for establishing variable-speed wind energy conversion systems. Variable speed wind power generation system modeling and simulation are essential methods both for understanding the system behavior and for developing advanced system control strategies. Wind generation system components, including wind turbine, 1-phase IGBT inverter, 3-phase IGBT inverter, synchronous generator, and rectifier, are modeled in this thesis using MATLAB/SIMULINK. The simulation results have been verified by a commercial simulation software package, PSIM, and confirmed by field test results. Since the dynamic time constants for these individual models are much different, a creative approach has also been developed in this thesis to combine these models for entire wind power generation system simulation. An advanced <span class="hlt">maximum</span> wind energy extraction strategy relies not only on proper system hardware design, but also on sophisticated software control algorithms. Based on literature review and computer simulation on wind turbine control algorithms, an intelligent <span class="hlt">maximum</span> wind energy extraction control algorithm is proposed in this thesis. This algorithm has a unique on-line adaptation and optimization capability, which is able to achieve <span class="hlt">maximum</span> wind energy conversion efficiency through continuously improving the performance of wind power generation systems. This algorithm is independent of wind power generation system characteristics, and does not need wind speed and turbine speed measurements. Therefore, it can be easily implemented into various wind energy generation systems with different turbine inertia and diverse system hardware environments. In addition to the detailed description of the proposed algorithm, computer simulation results are presented in the thesis to demonstrate the advantage of this algorithm. As a final confirmation of the algorithm feasibility, the algorithm has been implemented inside a single-phase IGBT inverter, and tested with a wind simulator system in research laboratory. Test results were found consistent with the simulation results. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wang, Quincy Qing</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">470</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.who.int/emc-hiv/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Global HIV / <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> & STD Surveillance</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This site, provided by the United Nations World Health Organization and the UNAIDS Joint Programme on HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>, contains Report on the global HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span> epidemic - June 1998, along with Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) fact sheets for 167 countries. Users can also access report annex data on "estimated and reported global <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> cases" in Microsoft Excel and .dif format. Among the report's findings: 5.8 million people were infected with HIV in 1997; 30.6 million people are living with HIV/<span class="hlt">AIDS</span>; 2.3 million died of <span class="hlt">AIDS</span> in 1997; 11.7 million have died since the beginning of the epidemic; and 8.2 million children have been orphaned since the beginning of the epidemic. The report and tables are available in English, French, and Spanish (the latter two versions are available in .pdf format only).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">471</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2009-title40-vol20/pdf/CFR-2009-title40-vol20-sec94-107.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">40 CFR 94.107 - Determination of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> test speed.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...false Determination of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> test speed. 94.107 Section 94.107 Protection...107 Determination of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> test speed. (a) Overview. This section specifies how to determine <span class="hlt">maximum</span> test speed from a lug curve. This <span class="hlt">maximum</span>...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">472</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title40-vol20/pdf/CFR-2010-title40-vol20-sec94-107.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">40 CFR 94.107 - Determination of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> test speed.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...false Determination of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> test speed. 94.107 Section 94.107 Protection...107 Determination of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> test speed. (a) Overview. This section specifies how to determine <span class="hlt">maximum</span> test speed from a lug curve. This <span class="hlt">maximum</span>...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">473</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title40-vol22/pdf/CFR-2010-title40-vol22-sec141-65.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">40 CFR 141.65 - <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> residual disinfectant levels.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> residual disinfectant levels. 141.65 Section 141...Contaminant Levels and <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Residual Disinfectant Levels § 141.65 <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> residual disinfectant levels. (a) <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> residual...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">474</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2009-title40-vol22/pdf/CFR-2009-title40-vol22-sec141-65.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">40 CFR 141.65 - <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> residual disinfectant levels.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...Sec. 141.65 - <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> residual disinfectant levels.] 40 PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT...<span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Sec. 141.65 <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> residual disinfectant levels. (a) <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> residual disinfectant levels (MRDLs) are as...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">475</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title24-vol4/pdf/CFR-2013-title24-vol4-sec886-108.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">24 CFR 886.108 - <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> annual contract commitment.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2013-04-01 false <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> annual contract commitment. 886.108 Section 886.108 ...886.108 <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> annual contract commitment. (a) Number of units assisted...conversion. (b) <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> annual Contract commitment. The <span class="hlt">maximum</span> annual housing...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">476</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58431052"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dynamic Programming, <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Principle and Vintage Capital</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present an application of the Dynamic Programming (DP) and of the <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Principle (MP) to solve an optimization over time when the production function is linear in the stock of capital (Ak model). Two views of capital are considered. In one, which is embraced by the great majority of macroeconomic models, capital is homogeneous and depreciates at a constant</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Giorgio Fabbri; Maurizio Iacopetta</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">477</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eng.swu.ac.th/mme/%c2%c8%c8%d1%a1%b4%d4%ec.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">??????????????????????????????? <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Velocity of a Racing Car</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The purpose of this paper is to analysis optimum <span class="hlt">maximum</span> velocity of a racing car along the given path by using the minimum time optimization method. The simple mathematical model are the equations of motion with geometrical path constraints, also total driving and braking forces are upper and lower bounds, respectively. The usefulness of this paper is to predict optimum</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tawiwat Veeraklaew; Yotsak Saisanit</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">478</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4775670"> <span id="translatedtitle">Relaxed <span class="hlt">maximum</span> a posteriori fault identification</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We consider the problem of estimating a pattern of faults, represented as a binary vector, from a set of measurements. The measurements can be noise corrupted real values, or quantized versions of noise corrupted signals, including even 1-bit (sign) measurements. <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> a posteriori probability (MAP) estimation of the fault pattern leads to a difficult combinatorial optimization problem, so we propose</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Argyrios Zymnis; Stephen P. Boyd; Dimitry M. Gorinevsky</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">479</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1420348"> <span id="translatedtitle">Integrated photovoltaic <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracking converter</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A low-power low-cost highly efficient <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point tracker (MPPT) to be integrated into a photovoltaic (PV) panel is proposed. This can result in a 25% energy enhancement compared to a standard photovoltaic panel, while performing functions like battery voltage regulation and matching of the PV array with the load. Instead of using an externally connected MPPT, it is proposed</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Johan H. R. Enslin; Mario S. Wolf; D. B. Snyman; Wernher Swiegers</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">480</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1985A%26A...143...77C"> <span id="translatedtitle">A simple <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy deconvolution algorithm</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A simple <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy image deconvolution algorithm, now implemented in the Astronomical Image Processing System AIPS as task VM, is described. VM uses a simple Newton-Raphson approach to optimise the relative entropy of the image subject to constraints upon the rms error and total power enforced by Lagrange multipliers. Some examples of the application of VM to VLA data are given.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cornwell, T. J.; Evans, K. F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">481</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/310335"> <span id="translatedtitle">Filters, Random fields And <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy (FRAME)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article presents a statistical theory for texture modeling. This theory combines filteringtheory and Markov random field modeling through the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy principle, and interpretsand clarifies many previous concepts and methods for texture analysis and synthesis from a unifiedpoint of view. Our theory characterizes the ensemble of images I with the same texture appearanceby a probability distribution f(I) on a</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">David Mumford; Song Chun Zhu; Yingnian Wu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">482</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1037535"> <span id="translatedtitle">Integrating Correlated Bayesian Networks Using <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We consider the problem of generating a joint distribution for a pair of Bayesian networks that preserves the multivariate marginal distribution of each network and satisfies prescribed correlation between pairs of nodes taken from both networks. We derive the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy distribution for any pair of multivariate random vectors and prescribed correlations and demonstrate numerical results for an example integration of Bayesian networks.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jarman, Kenneth D.; Whitney, Paul D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-08-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">483</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/44458612"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computer Forecasts of <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> and Minimum Temperatures</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An automated system for predicting <span class="hlt">maximum</span> and minimum surface temperatures for 12- to 60-hr projections is described. The system uses multiple regression equations derived for 131 cities in the United States and 12 in southern Canada from 18 years of daily data stratified by 2-month periods. The predictors are selected by screening upper level heights and thicknesses observed at 67</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">William H. Klein; Frank Lewis</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1970-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">484</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=PB296131"> <span id="translatedtitle">Uncertainties in Adaptive <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy Frequency Estimators.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For a real sinusoid in white noise, the weight vector noise associated with an adaptive <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy frequency estimator causes the peak of the spectrum estimator to shift away from the input frequency. For a long adaptive filter and a normalized frequ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">R. J. Keeler</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1979-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">485</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cmb.usc.edu/papers/msw_papers/msw-019.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Locating <span class="hlt">maximum</span> variance segments in sequential data</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An automated method is presented for the identification of peaks in sets of sequential data. The method is based upon the location of those segments with <span class="hlt">maximum</span> variance and has the advantage of guarding against the masking of small-scale effects by large-scale effects. The procedure is illustrated with data taken as part of the National Uranium Resource Evaluation project.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">T. R. Bement; M. S. Waterman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1977-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">486</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/41950001"> <span id="translatedtitle">Preparing for the Upcoming Solar <span class="hlt">Maximum</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">As the next solar <span class="hlt">maximum</span> approaches, society is increasingly reliant on satellite communications and navigation technologies, which are vulnerable to solar storms. To prepare for the upcoming peak in solar activity, expected in 2013, the U.S. National Space Weather Program Council organized the 2009 Space Weather Enterprise Forum, held 19-20 May in Washington, D. C. The conference, themed \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ernie Tretkoff</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">487</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/26945128"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Oxygen Intake in Himalayan Mountaineers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The results of 20 studies of <span class="hlt">maximum</span> oxygen intake at sea level on members of Himalayan expeditions from 1953 to 1971 are presented. The data include results on two men who have climbed to the summit of Mount Everest (8,848 m) and two who have ascended Mount Annapurna (8,078 m). The average values were: age 33 years; weight 72 kg;</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">L. G. C. E. PUGH</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1972-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">488</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52665289"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Second <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> in the Rossi Curve</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">IT is well known that the rate of production of cosmic ray showers by layers of any material increases to a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> as the thickness of the layer increases, and then falls off very slowly for much greater thicknesses, giving the familiar `Rossi curve'. Certain observers1 have investigated the rate of production of showers under large thicknesses of iron and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">C. B. O. Mohr; G. H. Stafford</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1942-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">489</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013JASS...30..163C"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Sunspot Numbers and Active Days</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Parameters associated with solar minimum have been studied to relate them to solar activity at solar <span class="hlt">maximum</span> so that one could possibly predict behaviors of an upcoming solar cycle. The number of active days has been known as a reliable indicator of solar activity around solar minimum. Active days are days with sunspots reported on the solar disk. In this work, we have explored the relationship between the sunspot numbers at solar <span class="hlt">maximum</span> and the characteristics of the monthly number of active days. Specifically, we have statistically examined how the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> monthly sunspot number of a given solar cycle is correlated with the slope of the linear relationship between monthly sunspot numbers and the monthly number of active days for the corresponding solar cycle. We have calculated the linear correlation coefficient r and the Spearman rank-order correlation coefficient rs for data sets prepared under various conditions. Even though marginal correlations are found, they turn out to be insufficiently significant (r ~ 0.3). Nonetheless, we have confirmed that the slope of the linear relationship between monthly sunspot numbers and the monthly number of active days is less steep when solar cycles belonging to the "Modern <span class="hlt">Maximum</span>" are considered compared with rests of solar cycles. We conclude, therefore, that the slope of the linear relationship between monthly sunspot numbers and the monthly number of active days is indeed dependent on the solar activity at its maxima, but that this simple relationship should be insufficient as a valid method to predict the following solar activity amplitude.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chang, Heon-Young</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">490</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/2415185"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Entropy Based Restoration of Arabic Diacritics</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Short vowels and other diacritics are not part of written Arabic scripts. Exceptions are made for important political and reli- gious texts and in scripts for beginning stu- dents of Arabic. Script without diacritics have considerable ambiguity because many words with dieren t diacritic patterns ap- pear identical in a diacritic-less setting. We propose in this paper a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> entropy</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Imed Zitouni; Jeffrey S. Sorensen; Ruhi Sarikaya</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">491</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ece.umassd.edu/Faculty/acosta/ICASSP/Icassp_2004/pdfs/0300929.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Distributed <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood estimation for sensor networks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The problem of finding the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood estimator of a commonly observed model, based on data collected by a sensor network under power and bandwidth constraints, is considered. In particular, a case where the sensors cannot fully share their data is treated. An iterative algorithm that relaxes the requirement of sharing all the data is given. The algorithm is based</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Doron Blatt; Alfred Hero</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">492</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/36054436"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> efforts in contests with asymmetric valuations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Efforts may be reduced when players with different valuations participate in a contest. This paper considers the problem of designing a contest to elicit <span class="hlt">maximum</span> aggregate effort from players with asymmetric valuations. Optimal designs for different classes of contest technologies are computed and characterized. A value weighted contest is optimal in the concave case. In the unconstrained case, the optimal</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kofi O. Nti</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">493</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007IJTIA.127.1215V"> <span id="translatedtitle">Analysis of Photovoltaic <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Power Point Trackers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The photovoltaic generator exhibits a non-linear i-v characteristic and its <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point (MPP) varies with solar insolation. An intermediate switch-mode dc-dc converter is required to extract <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power from the photovoltaic array. In this paper buck, boost and buck-boost topologies are considered and a detailed mathematical analysis, both for continuous and discontinuous inductor current operation, is given for MPP operation. The conditions on the connected load values and duty ratio are derived for achieving the satisfactory <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point operation. Further, it is shown that certain load values, falling out of the optimal range, will drive the operating point away from the true <span class="hlt">maximum</span> power point. Detailed comparison of various topologies for MPPT is given. Selection of the converter topology for a given loading is discussed. Detailed discussion on circuit-oriented model development is given and then MPPT effectiveness of various converter systems is verified through simulations. Proposed theory and analysis is validated through experimental investigations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Veerachary, Mummadi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">494</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58845022"> <span id="translatedtitle">30 = 20: ‘Understanding’ <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Sentence Enhancements</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this article, Professor Herrmann argues that the due process protections of a criminal trial should apply to aggravating factors that under current “<span class="hlt">maximum</span>-enhancing statutes” allow judges to impose lengthier punishments in the sentencing phase. Part I considers the Supreme Court's rationale for refusing to apply full due process safeguards to all types of sentencing schemes. This background will reveal</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Herrmann Frank R. S. J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">495</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/66098"> <span id="translatedtitle">Boosting and <span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Likelihood for Exponential Models</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We derive an equivalence between AdaBoost and the dual of a convex optimization problem, showing that the only difference between mini- mizing the exponential loss used by AdaBoost and <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood for exponential models is that the latter requires the model to be normal- ized to form a conditional probability distribution over labels. In addi- tion to establishing a simple</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. Lafferty</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">496</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22theory+of+relativity%22&pg=3&id=EJ426340"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Maximum</span> Possible Transverse Velocity in Special Relativity.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Using a physical picture, an expression for the <span class="hlt">maximum</span> possible transverse velocity and orientation required for that by a linear emitter in special theory of relativity has been derived. A differential calculus method is also used to derive the expression. (Author/KR)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Medhekar, Sarang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">497</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49870955"> <span id="translatedtitle">A suboptimal, low cost <span class="hlt">maximum</span> likelihood algorithm</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A simple, noniterative algorithm is presented for resolving closely space sinusoids. The method is based on a <span class="hlt">maximum</span>-likelihood algorithm and is specifically designed to resolve two signals of similar power with minimum complexity. The algorithm consists of three phases: conventional beamforming, beamforming with a projection operator, and solution of a single nonlinear equation. It is shown that the method can</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. R. Farrier; R. Mardani</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">498</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19498479"> <span id="translatedtitle">Highly efficient Er,Yb-doped fiber laser with 188W free-running and > 100W tunable <span class="hlt">output</span> power.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Efficient high-power operation of an erbium-ytterbium co-doped fiber laser cladding-pumped by two spatially-multiplexed and polarization combined 975 nm diode-stacks is reported. Up to 188 W of continuous-wave <span class="hlt">output</span> at 1.57 microm was generated with a beam-quality factor (M;2) of 1.9 and an overall slope efficiency with respect to launched pump power of 41% (and 43% for <span class="hlt">output</span> powers <120W). Tunable operation was demonstrated by use of an external cavity containing a diffraction grating and a <span class="hlt">maximum</span> <span class="hlt">output</span> power of 108 W at 1538 nm was generated for a launched pump power of ~ 336 W. The operating wavelength was tunable from 1531 to 1571 nm, with >100W <span class="hlt">output</span> power over a tuning range of 36 nm from 1532 nm to 1568 nm. PMID:19498479</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shen, D Y; Sahu, J K; Clarkson, W A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-06-27</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">499</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/27460875"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Optimal <span class="hlt">Output</span> Feedback Control of a Synchronous Machine</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The optimal <span class="hlt">output</span> feedback control of a synchronous machine, consisting of constant <span class="hlt">output</span> feedback gains from only those states which are physically available for measurement, is considered in this paper. An integral quadratic performance index of <span class="hlt">outputs</span> and controller inputs is minimized for impulse type disturbances occurring in the system. This gives a physically realizable control system which optimally \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Edward Davison; Narayan Rau</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1971-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">500</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/559580"> <span id="translatedtitle">Low <span class="hlt">Output</span> Resistance Charge Pump for Flash Memory Programming</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper presents a charge pump voltage multiplier for flash memory programming. Its key feature is a low <span class="hlt">output</span> resistance. As compared to conventional solutions, the charge pump proposed can either deliver an increased <span class="hlt">output</span> current to drive the memory bit-lines during programming, or deliver the same amount of current with a decreased area occupation. The <span class="hlt">output</span> resistance reduction is</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Osama Khouri; Stefano Gregori; Dario Soltesz; Guido Torelli; Rino Micheloni</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_25 div --> <!-- Column 1 end --> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- BEGIN: footer --> <div id="footer_inner" class="osti" style="margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;"> <div class="osti twoColLiqRtHdr"> <div id="container" class="osti"> <div id="mainContent" class="osti"> <div id="footer" class="osti"> Search capabilities provided by <a href="http://www.osti.gov">DOE/OSTI</a><br> Websites by Topic maintained by <a href="http://www.cendi.gov/">CENDI</a><br> <div align="center"><span style="font-weight:bold; font-size:9px; color:#666; line-height:14px">Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. <br> Their policies may differ from this site.</span></div> <div align="center"><a href="http://www.science.gov/disclaimer.html">Privacy & Security</a><br></div> <table align="center" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" height="14" width="178"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="124"><div align="center"><a href="http://www.usa.gov"><img src="http://www.science.gov/images/USAgov.jpg" alt="USA.gov" border="0" height="14" width="42"></a></div></td> <td width="129"><div align="center"><a href="http://worldwidescience.org"><img src="http://www.science.gov/images/wws.jpg" alt="WorldWideScience.org" border="0" height="14" width="108"></a></div></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <a href="http://www.usajobs.gov/">USAJOBS</a> :: <a href="http://www.grants.gov/">Grants</a> :: <a href="http://www.regulations.gov/search/Regs/home.html#home">Regulations.gov</a><br> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- END: footer --> </body> </html>