These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

A survey of the repository of groundwater potential and distribution using geoelectrical resistivity method in Itu Local Government Area (L.G.A), Akwa Ibom State, southern Nigeria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vertical electrical sounding (VES), employing a Schlumberger electrode configuration, was used to investigate the sediments and aquifer repositories in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom state, southern Nigeria. This was done in sixteen (16) locations/communities with the maximum current electrode spread ranging between 800-1000m. The field data were interpreted using forward and iterative least square inversion modeling, which gives a resolution with 3-5 geoelectric layers. The observed frequencies in curve types include 31.25% of AKH, 18.8% of AAK and HK and 6.25% of K, QHK, AKH, KA and KHQ, respectively. These sets of curves show a wide range of variabilities in resistivities between and within the layers penetrated by current. The presence of K and H curve types in the study area indicates the alteration of the geomaterials with limited hydrologic significance to the prolific groundwater repository. A correlation of the constrained nearby borehole lithology logs with the VES results shows that the layers were all sandy formations (fine and well sorted sands to gravelly sands or medium to coarse-grained sands as described by nearby lithology logs) with some wide ranges of electrical resistivity values and thicknesses caused by electrostratigraphic inhomogeneity. The geologic topsoil (motley topsoil) is generally porous and permeable and as such the longitudinal conductance (S) values for the covering/protective layer is generally less than unity of Siemens (S < 1?-1), the value considered for efficient protection of the underlying aquifers by the topmost and overlying layer. The spatial orientations and the leveling patterns of the most economically viable potential groundwater repository within the maximum current electrode separations has been delineated in 2-D and 3-D contoured maps. The estimated depth range for the desired groundwater repository is 32.6-113.1m and its average depth value is 74.30m. The thickness of this layer ranges from 27.9-103m while its average depth has been evaluated to be 63.02m. Also, its resistivity range and average value have been estimated to be 507-5612m and 3365.125?m

Ibuot, J.; Akpabio, G.; George, N.

2013-12-01

2

A survey of the repository of groundwater potential and distribution using geoelectrical resistivity method in Itu Local Government Area (L.G.A), Akwa Ibom State, southern Nigeria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vertical electrical sounding (VES), employing a Schlumberger electrode configuration, was used to investigate the sediments and aquifer repositories in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom state, southern Nigeria. This was done in sixteen (16) locations/communities with the maximum current electrode spread ranging between 800-1000m. The field data were interpreted using forward and iterative least square inversion modeling, which gives a resolution with 3-5 geoelectric layers. The observed frequencies in curve types include 31.25% of AKH, 18.8% of AAK and HK and 6.25% of K, QHK, AKH, KA and KHQ, respectively. These sets of curves show a wide range of variabilities in resistivities between and within the layers penetrated by current. The presence of K and H curve types in the study area indicates the alteration of the geomaterials with limited hydrologic significance to the prolific groundwater repository. A correlation of the constrained nearby borehole lithology logs with the VES results shows that the layers were all sandy formations (fine and well sorted sands to gravelly sands or medium to coarse-grained sands as described by nearby lithology logs) with some wide ranges of electrical resistivity values and thicknesses caused by electrostratigraphic inhomogeneity. The geologic topsoil (motley topsoil) is generally porous and permeable and as such the longitudinal conductance ( S) values for the covering/protective layer is generally less than unity of Siemens ( S < 1?-1), the value considered for efficient protection of the underlying aquifers by the topmost and overlying layer. The spatial orientations and the leveling patterns of the most economically viable potential groundwater repository within the maximum current electrode separations has been delineated in 2-D and 3-D contoured maps. The estimated depth range for the desired groundwater repository is 32.6-113.1m and its average depth value is 74.30m. The thickness of this layer ranges from 27.9-103m while its average depth has been evaluated to be 63.02m. Also, its resistivity range and average value have been estimated to be 507-5612m and 3365.125?m

Ibuot, J. C.; Akpabio, G. T.; George, N. J.

2013-12-01

3

Examining Socioeconomic Characteristics and Adoption Trend of Artisanal Fishers of Akwa Ibom State in West Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the foods domestically available to Nigeria is fish. But for the fishers to continue to produce to feed the teeming population they must be exposed to fishing innovations in order to adopt them. However, the fishers are constrained to adopt the innovations. A study to examine the fisher's socioeconomic characteristics and adoption trend by artisanal fishers was conducted

AUGUSTINE J. UDOH; MONDAY G. NYIENAKUNA

4

Heavy Metals Accumulation by Talinum triangulare grown on Waste Dumpsites in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The accumulation of some heavy metals by Talinum triangulare grown on waste dumpsites in Uyo Metropolis was studied using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Results obtained indicated the following ranges for the metals in dumpsite soil: Cd: 1.85-8.65 mg kg-1; Pb: 42.05-60.85 mg kg-1; Ni: 11.05-20.55 mg kg-1; Fe: 183.00-237.20 mg kg-1 and Zn: 11.35-119.30 mg kg-1, while the ranges in Talinum triangure were Cd: 0.10-0.30 mg kg-1; Pb: 0.33-1.55 mg kg-1; Ni:0.05-0.45 mg kg-1; Fe: 223.43-260.00 mg kg-1 and Zn: 2.20-29.95 mg kg-1. These results indicated higher levels of the metals in soils and plants from dumpsites than the values recorded in the Control samples. In the dumpsite soil and plant samples, Fe recorded the highest mean concentrations in both samples while Cd and Ni concentrations were the lowest in soil and plant respectively. Although, the ranges obtained for the metals in plant and soil were within the recommended limits except for Cd in soil and Fe in plant, it maybe risky to consume water leaf grown on dumpsites since it can accumulate much of these toxic metals. The results obtained also revealed that apart from Cd, the concentrations of other metals analyzed for in plant and soil correlated positively at p = 0.05. The transfer Ratio between dumpsite soil and plant samples indicated the following trend: Fe> Zn> Cd> Pb> Ni showing that the rate of metal uptake by T. triangulare was greatest with Fe, while the rate of Ni uptake was the least. Relative standard deviations in the distribution of the metals in plant and soil samples from one dumpsite to the other were also studied; results obtained showed a high degree of variability in the distributions of the metals in both samples with the locations.

Ebong, G. A.; Etuk, H. S.; Johnson, A. S.

5

Comparison of the thermal properties of clay samples as potential walling material for naturally cooled building design.  

PubMed

The thermal properties of different clay samples obtained from locations in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria were investigated and compared, and in order to establish their suitability as building material from energy conservation point of view. The results showed that stoneware clay has the highest solar radiation absorptivity of 22.32 m(-1) while kaolin clay has the lowest radiation absoptivity of 14.46 m(-1). A model for the prediction of temperature variation with thickness of the samples was developed. Results showed that kaolin would make the best choice for the design of a naturally cooled building. PMID:12602605

Etuk, Sunday E; Akpabio, Idara O; Udoh, E M

2003-01-01

6

Current Trends of Immunization in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges  

PubMed Central

Immunization is aimed at the prevention of infectious diseases. In Nigeria, the National Programme on Immunization (NPI) suffers recurrent setbacks due to many factors including ethnicity and religious beliefs. Nigeria is made up of 36 states with its federal capital in Abuja. The country is divided into six geo-political zones; north central, north west, north east, south east, south west and south south. The population is unevenly distributed across the country. The average population density in 2006 was estimated at 150 people per square kilometres with Lagos, Anambra, Imo, Abia, and Akwa Ibom being the most densely populated states. Most of the densely populated states are found in the south east. Kano with an average density of 442 persons per square kilometre, is the most densely populated state in the northern part of the country. This study presents a review on the current immunization programme and the many challenges affecting its success in the eradication of childhood diseases in Nigeria. PMID:25237283

Ophori, Endurance A.; Tula, Musa Y.; Azih, Azuka V.; Okojie, Rachel; Ikpo, Precious E.

2014-01-01

7

Distribution of Vibrio species in Shellfish and Water Samples Collected from the Atlantic Coastline of South-East Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Crayfish, lobster, and sea-water samples collected from five fishing islands on the Atlantic coast–Bight of Biafra (Bonny)–belonging to Ibaka Local Government Area of Akwa-Ibom State of Nigeria were bacteriologically evaluated on thiosulphate citrate bile-salt sucrose (TCBS) agar for Vibrio load and pathotypes. Mean log10 Vibrio counts of 7.64±2.78 cfu/g (in crayfish), 5.07±3.21 cfu/g (in lobster), and 3.06±2.27 cfu/mL (in sea-water) were obtained in rainy season (June-July) while counts in the dry season (November-December) were 6.25±1.93 cfu/g, 5.99±1.54 cfu/g, and 3.84±1.78 cfu/mL respectively. The physicochemical measurements (temperature, pH, and total dissolved solutes) of the sea-water did not vary significantly in the two seasons across all five islands. Vibrio species isolated were Vibrio cholerae (both O1 and non-O1 serotypes), V. parahaemolyticus, V. vulnificus, V. mimicus, and V. fluvialis. Both Ogawa and Inaba subtypes of V. cholerae O1 serotype were found. In addition, the Hikojima subtype, which had not been previously reported in the region, was isolated in two samples. The results show that these Vibrio species are endemic in the area. PMID:24288944

Eyisi, Onyedikachukwu A.L.; Nwodo, Uchechukwu U.

2013-01-01

8

Self-Medication: potential risks and hazards among pregnant women in Uyo, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Introduction There is increasing evidence that self-medications among pregnant women are common in many developing countries. Despite the adverse impact on pregnancy, there are few programs available for their control. The objective of this study was to assess the level of self-medication amongst Nigerian pregnant women in order to determine possible harmful effects on fetus. Methods Five hundred and eighteen 518 pregnant women, aged between 18 and 40 years, drawn from three General hospitals in Akwa Ibom State were assessed for self-medication and substance abuse using an instrument, adapted from a modified form of 117-item self-report questionnaire based on the WHO guidelines for students’ substance use survey. Results Of the 518 pregnant women assessed, 375 (72.4%) indulged in one form of self-medication or the other; 143 (27.6%) used only drugs prescribed from the antenatal clinic. A total of 157 (41.9%) pregnant women self-medicate fever/pain relievers; 47 (9.1%) mixture of herbs and other drugs; 15 (4.0%) sedatives; 13 (3.5%) alcohol; while 5 (1.3%) used kolanuts. Reasons for using these substances range from protection from witches and witchcrafts, preventing pregnancy from coming out, for blood; poor sleep, fever and vomiting and infections. There was a significant difference in the rate of using analgesics (X2=9.43, p=0.001); and antibiotic (X2=4.43, p=0.001) among pregnant women who were highly educated compared to those with little or no education. However, the level of education has no impact in the usage of native herbs. Conclusion This study shows that self-medication is common among pregnant women in our environment. There is need for adequate education of pregnant women during antenatal clinics on the potential danger of self-medication so as to prevent child and maternal morbidity and mortality. PMID:23308320

Abasiubong, Festus; Bassey, Emem Abasi; Udobang, John Akpan; Akinbami, Oluyinka Samuel; Udoh, Sunday Bassey; Idung, Alphonsus Udo

2012-01-01

9

Impact of Mechanized Farming on the Heavy Metals Load of an Ultisol Located in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Top soil samples from a mechanized farm located in Awot Uta, Akwa Ibom State in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria were analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer for their Cr; Cd; Fe; Cu; Zn and Pb concentrations. Top soil samples were also collected from a local farm situated close to the study area and analyzed for their metal contents. The following mean concentrations were observed in the mechanized farm: 0.343±0.200 mg kg-1 for Cr; 0.012±0.006 mg kg-1 for Cd; 0.959±8.814 mg kg-1 for Fe; 0.031± 0.011 mg kg-1 for Cu; 0.169±0.041 mg kg-1 for Zn and 0.010±0.005 mg kg-1 for Pb. While the local farm recorded the following concentrations: 0.115±0.005 mg kg-1 for Cr; 0.001±0.001 mg kg-1 for Cd; 22.115±3.351 mg kg-1 for Fe; 0.015±0.004 mg kg-1 for Cu; 0.098±0.008 mg kg-1 for Zn and 0.001±0.001 mg kg-1 for Pb. Generally, the metal levels obtained in the mechanized farm were higher than their corresponding levels in the local farm. Although the metals loads were within the recommended standards for agricultural soils, the elevated loads obtained from the mechanized farmland is of serious health implications because of the attendant metals effects on the food chain. Coefficient of variations were also calculated for the metal concentrations in the mechanized farm and results obtained indicated Cr as having the highest CV value (58%) while Fe had the lowest (22%).

Ebong, G. A.; Etuk, H. S.; Essien, J. P.

10

Reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV: findings from an early infant diagnosis program in south-south region of Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background Early diagnosis of HIV in infants provides a critical opportunity to strengthen follow-up of HIV-exposed children and assure early access to antiretroviral (ARV) treatment for infected children. This study describes findings from an Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) program and the effectiveness of a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) intervention in six health facilities in Cross-River and Akwa-Ibom states, south-south Nigeria. Methods This was a retrospective study. Records of 702 perinatally exposed babies aged six weeks to 18 months who had a DNA PCR test between November 2007 and July 2009 were reviewed. Details of the ARV regimen received to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), breastfeeding choices, HIV test results, turn around time (TAT) for results and post test ART enrolment status of the babies were analysed. Results Two-thirds of mother-baby pairs received ARVs and 560 (80%) babies had ever been breastfed. Transmission rates for mother-baby pairs who received ARVs for PMTCT was 4.8% (CI 1.3, 8.3) at zero to six weeks of age compared to 19.5% (CI 3.0, 35.5) when neither baby nor mother received an intervention. Regardless of intervention, the transmission rates for babies aged six weeks to six months who had mixed feeding was 25.6% (CI 29.5, 47.1) whereas the transmission rates for those who were exclusively breastfed was 11.8% (CI 5.4, 18.1). Vertical transmission of HIV was eight times (AOR 7.8, CI: 4.52-13.19) more likely in the sub-group of mother-baby pairs who did not receive ARVS compared with mother-baby pairs that did receive ARVs. The median TAT for test results was 47 days (IQR: 35-58). A follow-up of 125 HIV positive babies found that 31 (25%) were enrolled into a paediatric ART program, nine (7%) were known to have died before the return of their DNA PCR results, and 85 (67%) could not be traced and were presumed to be lost-to-follow-up. Conclusion Reduction of MTCT of HIV is possible with effective PMTCT interventions, including improved access to ARVs for PMTCT and appropriate infant feeding practices. Loss to follow up of HIV exposed infants is a challenge and requires strategies to enhance retention. PMID:22410161

2012-01-01

11

Slide 1State_of_state.ppt The State of State: HPCA February 12, 2003 The StateState of StateState  

E-print Network

1 Slide 1State_of_state.ppt The State of State: HPCA ­ February 12, 2003 The StateState of StateState Fellow (ret) Slide 2State_of_state.ppt The State of State: HPCA ­ February 12, 2003 Motivation 3State_of_state.ppt The State of State: HPCA ­ February 12, 2003 Law of Unintended Consequences

Gupta, Rajiv

12

United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Find out everything you might need (or want) to know about the states in the U.S. Students, You have been assigned two states to research as part of our United States history studies this year. Now it is time to learn about your states! Your final project/mobile should include: 1. IMPORTANT FACTS - population - capital - area - state ...

Mrs. Glover

2008-09-10

13

Blooming States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Population growth in successive decades has followed different trends for states across the country. While many states had early, substantial growth in percentage terms most of that population growth was quite small in numeric terms. In contrast, states with high percentage growth in more recent decades also gained very large numbers of people.

US Census Bureau

14

State Soils  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the US Department of Agriculture\\'s Soil Survey Division (SSD), this website describes state soils and their significance. All states have chosen a state soil, which share the same level of distinction as state flowers or birds. Information includes a photo of each official soil, a description of major characteristics and formation, and a map showing the coverage of the soil within the state. There are also links to additional information about that soil series, including more specific characteristics, other locations, related soil types, and more.

15

State Soils  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the US Department of Agriculture's Soil Survey Division (SSD), this website describes state soils and their significance. All states have chosen a state soil, which share the same level of distinction as state flowers or birds. Information includes a photo of each official soil, a description of major characteristics and formation, and a map showing the coverage of the soil within the state. There are also links to additional information about that soil series, including more specific characteristics, other locations, related soil types, and more.

16

State Driver Information Name: ____________________________________________  

E-print Network

State Driver Information Name: ____________________________________________ Address: __________________________________________ City: ____________________ State: ______ Zip: _________ Phone #: ______________(Work: ______________________________________ Driver's License #: ________________________/ State: ____ Your Department

Rubloff, Gary W.

17

State Treasure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a music teacher is named Teacher of the Year for an entire state, one just know a special story awaits. The narrative of Heidi Welch, director of music at Hillsboro-Deering High School in New Hampshire, does not disappoint. Welch, who grew up in abject poverty and was often homeless, developed her love of music through memorizing and singing…

Olson, Cathy Applefeld

2013-01-01

18

State Aid  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report, published by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), will most likely be used by financial aid professionals and researchers. The report, offered in .pdf format, is a statistical analysis of the differences among students attending institutions in states that provide different levels of financial aid.

19

State publications  

Microsoft Academic Search

One can make several observations after a review of the notable state publications submitted this year. The single largest category of publications concerns environmental issues, encompassing a variety of specific topics such as wildlife, water resources, solid waste management, etc. For a few examples of documents in this category see Managing Seagrass Systems in Western North America (AK) or Territorial

Janita Jobe

1995-01-01

20

State of the States, 2012: Arts Education State Policy Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State of the States 2012" summarizes state policies for arts education identified in statute or code for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information is based primarily on results from the AEP Arts Education State Policy Survey conducted in 2010-11, and updated in April 2012.

Arts Education Partnership (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

21

State Names  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this data analysis lesson students explore various representations, including bar graphs, steam-and-leaf plots, and box-and-whisker plots, to analyze the frequency of letters in the names of the 50 states. Students are encouraged to use a systematic approach to collect their data and are shown various tools to help them gather and display it. The lesson includes a student worksheet (PDF), links to a Decrypting Text website, Bar Grapher tool, and Box Plotter tool, and suggested questions, extension, and assessment ideas.

Samuel E. Zordak

2014-01-01

22

State Revenue Departments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Information on state taxation for each state is available. Addresses and phone numbers are provided for each state's revenue department. Pointers to the revenue department or general state home page are provided. For some states, downloadable tax forms are available.

23

Stats of the States  

MedlinePLUS

... Rates for Drug Poisoning, by State of Residence: United States, 2012 [PDF - 101 KB] - The latest state-based ... fatal drug poisonings. Death Rates from Firearm Injuries: United States, 2012 [PDF - 113 KB] - The latest state-based ...

24

Colorado State University Colorado State University  

E-print Network

Colorado State University Colorado State University In 1870, the Territorial Council and House a State in 1876, the College was placed under the governance of the State Board of Agriculture-grant college under the Morrill Act of 1862. The Morrill Act provided federal endowment support for state

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

25

Specification state space memory  

E-print Network

Specification state space memory 1/116 #12;Specification state space memory state memory contents 2/116 #12;Specification state space memory int; (0,..20); char; rat state memory contents 3/116 #12;Specification state space memory int; (0,..20); char; rat state memory contents ­2; 15; "A"; 3.14 4/116 #12

Hehner, Eric C.R.

26

Thrombophilic states.  

PubMed

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare life-threatening disease with an estimated annual incidence of three to four cases per million in adults and seven cases per million in neonates. Brain tumors, cerebral infections or traumas, oral contraceptive use, pregnancy, and puerperium are established risk factors for CVST but in 15-20% of patients the disease is apparently unprovoked, i.e., occurring in the absence of predisposing factors. In the last decade there has been increasing evidence that early diagnosis and anticoagulant treatment reduce morbidity of CVST and improve survival. However, the optimal duration of anticoagulant treatment is not well established, because limited information is available on the rate of CVST recurrence after anticoagulant discontinuation. Thrombophilia is a hypercoagulable state leading to a thrombotic tendency, and young patients with CVST, either provoked or unprovoked, deserve investigation. Thrombophilic abnormalities can be inherited (deficiency of the natural anticoagulant proteins antithrombin, protein C, or protein S, mutations in the factor V gene (factor V Leiden) or prothrombin gene (prothrombin G20210A)), acquired (antiphospholipid antibodies), or "mixed," i.e., either congenital or acquired (hyperhomocysteinemia). The risk of thrombosis is different according to each abnormality. The aim of this chapter is to review the literature about the role of thrombophilia in CVST and to give suggestions for management of the disease. PMID:24365371

Martinelli, Ida; Passamonti, Serena Maria; Bucciarelli, Paolo

2014-01-01

27

Colorado State University Colorado State University  

E-print Network

Colorado State University _______________ 1.1 Page 1 Colorado State University In 1870 Agricultural College. When the Territory became a State in 1876, the College was placed under the governance of the State Board of Agriculture. The College admitted its first students in 1879 and received designation

Stephens, Graeme L.

28

State-Machine Replication  

E-print Network

State-Machine Replication #12;The Problem Clients Server #12;The Problem Clients Server #12;The (state machine) #12;The Solution 1. Make server deterministic (state machine) State machine #12;The Solution 1. Make server deterministic (state machine) 2. Replicate server State machines #12;The Solution 1

Venkataramani, Arun

29

Quantum state Conclusions  

E-print Network

Quantum state transfer Device Conclusions Quantum state transfer Deterministic quantum state with C.W.J. Beenakker Phys. Rev. B 73 (2006), 121307(R) #12;Quantum state transfer Device Conclusions Outline Quantum state transfer Device Conclusions #12;Quantum state transfer Device Conclusions Quantum

van den Brink, Jeroen

30

States within states : how rebels rule  

E-print Network

Islamic State." 110 International Peace Mission to Basilan, "Basilan: The Next Afghanistan? ,"Afghanistan, and the organization enjoys a link to Al Qaeda, JI has retained a consistently domestic goal of establishing an Islamic state

Keister, Jennifer Marie

2011-01-01

31

State Variations in United States Divorce Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "frontier atmosphere" explanation of high divorce rates in western areas of the United States was partially vindicated when comparisons were made between divorce rates in states having high migration rates and lower social costs with those states having low migration rates and higher social costs. (Author/CG)

Fenelon, Bill

1971-01-01

32

State of the States in Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the latest edition of the "State of the States in Developmental Disabilities" study--a thorough and the only one of its kind investigation on public spending, revenues, and programmatic trends of intellectual and developmental programs and services within the United States since 1977. Directed by leading researcher, Dr. David Braddock, the…

Braddock, David; Hemp, Richard; Rizzolo, Mary Kay

2008-01-01

33

Nozick's minimal state?  

E-print Network

In his book, Anarchy , State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick argues that the only state that can be justified is the minimal state, a state limited to providing protection for all its citizens. Nozick explains how a minimal state could naturally develop...

Russell, Darrell James

1995-01-01

34

State Control of Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research in this paper was designed to assess the role of the individual state in directing and supervising curriculum matters within the state. Fifty surveys were mailed to the State Education Departments in each of the 50 states. Questions 1-5 of the survey were designed to determine the number of districts in each state, the number of…

LaPorte, Diane H.; LaPorte, Ronald E.

35

Generalized squeezed states from generalized coherent states  

SciTech Connect

Both the coherent states and also the squeezed states of the harmonic oscillator have long been understood from the three classical points of view: the (1) displacement operator, (2) annihilation- (or ladder-) operator, and (3) minimum-uncertainty methods. For general systems, there is the same understanding except for ladder-operator and displacement-operator squeezed states. After reviewing the known concepts, the author proposes a method for obtaining generalized minimum-uncertainty squeezed states, gives examples, and relates it to known concepts. He comments on the remaining concept, that of general displacement-operator squeezed states.

Nieto, M.M.

1993-11-01

36

Practice States and Capitals!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This year we are learning the states and capitals of the United States. The best way to learn them is to practice, practice, practice! Use the following links to review and practice the states and capitals of the United States. Although you may prefer one website over another, try them all to see what they have to offer and to test your knowledge. Enjoy! Geospy USA State Capitals Quiz Sheppard Software States and Capitals Practice ...

Mr. Hoffman

2007-09-06

37

Qutrit Magic State Distillation  

E-print Network

Magic state distillation (MSD) is a purification protocol that plays a central role in fault tolerant quantum computation. Repeated iteration of the steps of a MSD protocol, generates pure single non-stabilizer states, or magic states, from multiple copies of a mixed resource state using stabilizer operations only. Thus mixed resource states promote the stabilizer operations to full universality. Magic state distillation was introduced for qubit-based quantum computation, but little has been known concerning MSD in higher dimensional qudit-based computation. Here, we describe a general approach for studying MSD in higher dimensions. We use it to investigate the features of a qutrit MSD protocol based on the 5-qutrit stabilizer code. We show that this protocol distills non-stabilizer magic states, and identify two types of states, that are attractors of this iteration map. Finally, we show how these states may be converted, via stabilizer circuits alone, into a state suitable for state injected implementation ...

Anwar, Hussain; Browne, Dan E

2012-01-01

38

7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Referendum Definitions § 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

2011-01-01

39

7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Referendum Definitions § 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

2010-01-01

40

7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Referendum Definitions § 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

2014-01-01

41

7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Referendum Definitions § 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

2013-01-01

42

7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Referendum Definitions § 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

2012-01-01

43

Discrimination between pure states and mixed states  

E-print Network

In this paper, we discuss the problem of determining whether a quantum system is in a pure state, or in a mixed state. We apply two strategies to settle this problem: the unambiguous discrimination and the maximum confidence discrimination. We also proved that the optimal versions of both strategies are equivalent. The efficiency of the discrimination is also analyzed. This scheme also provides a method to estimate purity of quantum states, and Schmidt numbers of composed systems.

Chi Zhang; Guoming Wang; Mingsheng Ying

2007-02-09

44

State Fiscal Pressures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As most state governments were beginning their fiscal years on July 1, it looked like another tight year for state spending in many regions--and, by implication, also for appropriations for higher education institutions and state student assistance programs. The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) spring report…

Fields, Cheryl

2005-01-01

45

State Endangered Species Acts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of state governments in protecting not just endangered species but all species can be summed up with one fact: state governments traditionally have been the chief stewards of wildlife within their borders. The states therefore serve a vital role in protecting and conserving their own plants, animals, and habitats. Yet while states historically were given the role of

Snape William J. III

2010-01-01

46

A State of Conspiracy   

E-print Network

Ethnography of the state has long been focused on either a state’s reproduction of itself or on ‘the people’s’ resistance to it. In both cases, the state is cast as a unified, holistic identity that exists in diametric opposition to the people...

Reedy, Kathleen

2007-01-01

47

State energy information networks  

SciTech Connect

In November 1983, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) initiated a study under the sponsorship of the US Department of Energy (DOE) State Programs Branch to examine state energy information networks. Goal was to help DOE decide how best to allocate resources to assist states in acquiring information related to state energy programs and policies.

Tatar, J.; Ettinger, G.; Wrabel, M.

1984-06-01

48

State Appropriations: Drought Warning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After two decades of increase, state funding for higher education is drying up because of inflation and declining state revenues due to recession. States need to reemphasize the importance of higher education. Political action may be the way to reverse the downward trend in state financing of higher education. (MLW)

Ream, James A.

1981-01-01

49

The Pennsylvania State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1855 as the Farmer's High School, the Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) began as a small college in Centre County providing agricultural education to young men from regional farm families. Penn State became a land-grant university in 1863 following passage of the Morrill Act. Today, Penn State enrolls more than 83,000 students…

Burlingame, Philip J.; Dowhower, Andrea L.

2009-01-01

50

State by State : automated alignment and analysis of state statutes  

E-print Network

In this work, we explore text alignment with the context of the legal domain and outline several new tasks designed to make comparison and analysis of inhomogenous state statute hierarchies easier. We explore the unique ...

Hynes, Zachary (Zachary K.)

2014-01-01

51

State Report forState Report forState Report forState Report for From the Research Project  

E-print Network

State Report forState Report forState Report forState Report for From the Research Project State Report forState Report forState Report forState Report for Washington and Wildlife Agencies Produced by the Department of Human Dimensions of Natural Resources Colorado State

52

State Government Tax Collections Data by State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau has released new datasets. State Tax Collection data contains "information on tax revenues of the 50 States and District of Columbia" for the period 1992 to 1996. Datasets can be downloaded in either ASCII or spreadsheet (.wk1) format. Technical information about the datasets is also available online. Note that data coverage may vary by format.

53

Finite State Machines Final State Identification Initial State Identification FSM-Based Testing  

E-print Network

Finite State Machines Final State Identification Initial State Identification FSM-Based Testing Mousavi: FSM-Based Testing Part I #12;Finite State Machines Final State Identification Initial State Identification Outline Finite State Machines Final State Identification Initial State Identification Mousavi: FSM

Mousavi, Mohammad

54

Neuromodulation of Brain States  

PubMed Central

Switches between different behavioral states of the animal are associated with prominent changes in global brain activity, between sleep and wakefulness or from inattentive to vigilant states. What mechanisms control brain states, and what are the functions of the different states? Here we summarize current understanding of the key neural circuits involved in regulating brain states, with a particular emphasis on the subcortical neuromodulatory systems. At the functional level, arousal and attention can greatly enhance sensory processing, whereas sleep and quiet wakefulness may facilitate learning and memory. Several new techniques developed over the past decade promise great advances in our understanding of the neural control and function of different brain states. PMID:23040816

Lee, Seung-Hee; Dan, Yang

2013-01-01

55

State-Chart Autocoder  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program translates Unified Modeling Language (UML) representations of state charts into source code in the C, C++, and Python computing languages. ( State charts signifies graphical descriptions of states and state transitions of a spacecraft or other complex system.) The UML representations constituting the input to this program are generated by using a UML-compliant graphical design program to draw the state charts. The generated source code is consistent with the "quantum programming" approach, which is so named because it involves discrete states and state transitions that have features in common with states and state transitions in quantum mechanics. Quantum programming enables efficient implementation of state charts, suitable for real-time embedded flight software. In addition to source code, the autocoder program generates a graphical-user-interface (GUI) program that, in turn, generates a display of state transitions in response to events triggered by the user. The GUI program is wrapped around, and can be used to exercise the state-chart behavior of, the generated source code. Once the expected state-chart behavior is confirmed, the generated source code can be augmented with a software interface to the rest of the software with which the source code is required to interact.

Clark, Kenneth; Watney, Garth; Murray, Alexander; Benowitz, Edward

2007-01-01

56

State Statutes Search  

MedlinePLUS

... State Child Welfare Workload Compendium More Tools & Resources Logic Model Builders Related Organizations Learning Center Resources From ... State Child Welfare Workload Compendium More Tools & Resources Logic Model Builders Related Organizations Learning Center Children's Bureau ...

57

The State Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seven state libraries of Australia are profiled in two- page articles. Each article contains a description of the library and its programs, a statement from its director or state librarian about his/her background, and photographs. (DGM)

inCite, 1996

1996-01-01

58

STATE System Interactive Maps  

MedlinePLUS

... Reproductive Health More CDC Sites STATE System Interactive Maps Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Highlights 2012 Abstract Highlights 2012 (by section) Highlights 2012 State Map Highlights 2012 Buttons Highlights 2012 Download [Zip–16. ...

59

States.org  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

States.org, provided by the Federation of American Research Networks (FARNET), Electronic Commerce, Law, and Information Policy Strategies (ECLIPS--Ohio Supercomputer Center), Arizona State University, and the National Science Foundation, has a simple mandate: to "[provide] a single clearinghouse for tracking state information infrastructure strategies and activities." At the heart of the site is the state database, which allows users to query by state or by category in the broad areas of: government uses and regulation of the National Information Infrastructure and advanced telecommunications; relevant local and state projects related to electronic commerce, privacy, education, and other relevant subjects; and strategic plans for NII/advanced telecommunications. States.org is a valuable meta-resource for state and local government, researchers, and citizens.

1997-01-01

60

New State Standards  

E-print Network

Texas Energy Codes Update & SECO Resources Felix A. Lopez, P.E Senior Engineer State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) CATEE-2011 Dallas Agenda ? Texas Energy Codes Update ? Chapter 447-TX Government Code ?TX Design Stds.-State... Chapter 447.004-TX Gov. Code ? State that SECO shall establish and publish mandatory energy and water conservation design standards for each new state building or major renovation project ? SECO shall define ?major renovation project? and shall...

Lopez, F. A.

2011-01-01

61

[Altered states of consciousness].  

PubMed

The review of modern ideas concerning the altered states of consciousness is presented in this article. Various methods of entry into the altered states of consciousness are looked over. It is shown that the altered states of consciousness are insufficiently known, but important aspects of human being existence. The role of investigation of the altered states of consciousness for the creation of integrative scientific conception base is discussed. PMID:15810684

Gora, E P

2005-01-01

62

United States Department of  

E-print Network

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range.S. Department of Interior; State of California and private individuals. We also thank the many officials in the Western United States: A Source Guide Eric Eisenman Lee C. Wensel Edward C. Thor Thomas W. Stuart #12

Standiford, Richard B.

63

Black brane steady states  

E-print Network

We follow the evolution of an asymptotically AdS black brane with a fixed temperature gradient at spatial infinity until a steady state is formed. The resulting energy density and energy flux of the steady state in the boundary theory are compared to a conjecture on the behavior of steady states in conformal field theories. Very good agreement is found.

Amado, Irene

2015-01-01

64

Black brane steady states  

E-print Network

We follow the evolution of an asymptotically AdS black brane with a fixed temperature gradient at spatial infinity until a steady state is formed. The resulting energy density and energy flux of the steady state in the boundary theory are compared to a conjecture on the behavior of steady states in conformal field theories. Very good agreement is found.

Irene Amado; Amos Yarom

2015-01-07

65

Changing State Digital Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that state virtual or digital libraries are evolving into websites that are loaded with free resources, subscription databases, and instructional tools. In this article, the author explores these evolving libraries based on the following questions: (1) How user-friendly are the state digital libraries?; (2) How do state digital…

Pappas, Marjorie L.

2006-01-01

66

Exploring states of matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will simultate the 3 states of matter; followed by the online quiz. 1. Explore the solids animation. ice 2. Explore the water animation. water animation 3. Explore the gas animation. gas animation 4. Explore comparing the 3 states of matter. compare 3 state Take the quiz. quiz ...

Mrs. Connerley

2010-10-26

67

Caring across state lines.  

PubMed

The proposed Interstate Medical Licensure Compact would expedite the process to obtain a license to practice medicine in any state that participates in the compact, making it easier for physicians to move from state to state or to practice telemedicine. PMID:25761072

Nuzback, Kara

2015-01-01

68

Orientation to @ Boise State  

E-print Network

Orientation to eCampus @ Boise State University eCampus Center Division of Extended Studies Boise State University January 2012 Faculty Orientation to eCampus A- 1 About eCampus Before Class Class Facilitation Development Faculty Orientation to eCampus Boise State's eCampus provides one-on-one orientation

Barrash, Warren

69

One State, Two State, Red State, Blue State: Education Funding Accounts for Outcome Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using publically available data, states coded as "blue" based upon results from the 2004 presidential election were significantly higher in education funding than were states coded as "red." Students in blue states scored significantly higher on outcome measures of math and reading in grades four and eight in 2004 and 2007 than did students in red…

Meece, Darrell

2008-01-01

70

Governor of (City), (State)  

E-print Network

Honorable Governor of (City), (State) Dear Governor : Section 112(l) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, P.L. 101-549 (November 15, 1990) provides for delegation of authority to a State) if such State submits an adequate procedure for doing so. We are hereby transmitting a statement

71

Xilinx State Diagram  

E-print Network

Xilinx State Diagram Tutorial Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering State University of New York ­ New Paltz © Fall 2006 Baback Izadi #12;Start a new Project Next. #12;This opens the New Project Dialog box. Click on New Source. Select State Diagram and give

Izadi, Baback

72

Cameron's competition state  

Microsoft Academic Search

The arguments in this article proceed from the grounded empirical observation that over the past three decades the character of the British State has transformed from an industrial welfare state into a competition state. Hence, it is argued that successive governments, regardless of their traditional ideological complexion, have increasingly assumed the characteristics of what Michael Oakeshott would term an ‘enterprise

Mark Evans

2010-01-01

73

Quantum Sequence States  

E-print Network

In a recent paper it has been shown how to create a quantum state related to the prime number sequence using Grover's algorithm. Moreover, its multiqubit entanglement was analyzed. In the present work, we compare the multiqubit entanglement of several quantum sequence states as well we study the feasibility of producing such states using Grover's algorithm.

F. V. Mendes; R. V. Ramos

2014-08-20

74

State Cad Tutorial Jim Duckworth Using StateCAD to generate VHDL from State Diagrams  

E-print Network

State Cad Tutorial Jim Duckworth Using StateCAD to generate VHDL from State Diagrams Select Project => New Source and select State Diagram. StateCAD starts Select File => Design Wizard or click on the Draw State Machine button Click on Next To make our SM1 state machine, select 4 states Click on Next 1 #12

Huang, Xinming

75

State Data Map  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Information can be represented in many ways; this applet allows the user to represent data about the states using color. The state with the highest data value is darkest; other states are shaded proportionally. Several sets of data are already entered and available for examination: state population, land area, representatives in Congress, gasoline usage, and more. Users can eliminate the data from any state in order to note the consequences, or enter their own data. A box plot and table accompany each map representation, showing the data in different but corresponding formats.

NCTM

2000-01-01

76

Maximally Entangled States  

E-print Network

Every Maximally Entangled State (MES) of two d-dimensional particles is shown to be a product state of suitably chosen collective coordinates. The state may be viewed as de?fining a "point" in a "phase space" like d^2 array representing d^2 orthonormal Maximally Entangled States basis for the Hilbert space. A ?finite geometry view of MES is presented and its relation with the afore mentioned "phase space" is outlined: "straight lines" in the space depict product of single particle mutually unbiased basis (MUB) states, inverting thereby Schmidt's diagonalization scheme in giving a product single particle states as a d-terms sum of maximally entangled states. To assure self su?fficiency the essential mathematical results are summarized in the appendices.

M. Revzen

2014-04-28

77

Quantum State Engineering Via Coherent-State Superpositions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The quantum interference between the two parts of the optical Schrodinger-cat state makes possible to construct a wide class of quantum states via discrete superpositions of coherent states. Even a small number of coherent states can approximate the given quantum states at a high accuracy when the distance between the coherent states is optimized, e. g. nearly perfect Fock state can be constructed by discrete superpositions of n + 1 coherent states lying in the vicinity of the vacuum state.

Janszky, Jozsef; Adam, P.; Szabo, S.; Domokos, P.

1996-01-01

78

State Technologies Advancement Collaborative  

SciTech Connect

The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), and Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) signed an intergovernmental agreement on November 14, 2002, that allowed states and territories and the Federal Government to better collaborate on energy research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D) projects. The agreement established the State Technologies Advancement Collaborative (STAC) which allowed the states and DOE to move RDD&D forward using an innovative competitive project selection and funding process. A cooperative agreement between DOE and NASEO served as the contracting instrument for this innovative federal-state partnership obligating funds from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of Fossil Energy to plan, fund, and implement RDD&D projects that were consistent with the common priorities of the states and DOE. DOE's Golden Field Office provided Federal oversight and guidance for the STAC cooperative agreement. The STAC program was built on the foundation of prior Federal-State efforts to collaborate on and engage in joint planning for RDD&D. Although STAC builds on existing, successful programs, it is important to note that it was not intended to replace other successful joint DOE/State initiatives such as the State Energy Program or EERE Special Projects. Overall the STAC process was used to fund, through three competitive solicitations, 35 successful multi-state research, development, deployment, and demonstration projects with an overall average non-federal cost share of 43%. Twenty-two states were awarded at least one prime contract, and organizations in all 50 states and some territories were involved as subcontractors in at least one STAC project. Projects were funded in seven program areas: (1) Building Technologies, (2) Industrial Technologies, (3) Transportation Technologies, (4) Distributed Energy Resources, (5) Hydrogen Technology Learning Centers, (6) Fossil Energy, and (7) Rebuild America.

David S. Terry

2012-01-30

79

Painlevé IV coherent states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple way to find solutions of the Painlevé IV equation is by identifying Hamiltonian systems with third-order differential ladder operators. Some of these systems can be obtained by applying supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) to the harmonic oscillator. In this work, we will construct families of coherent states for such subset of SUSY partner Hamiltonians which are connected with the Painlevé IV equation. First, these coherent states are built up as eigenstates of the annihilation operator, then as displaced versions of the extremal states, both involving the related third-order ladder operators, and finally as extremal states which are also displaced but now using the so called linearized ladder operators. To each SUSY partner Hamiltonian corresponds two families of coherent states: one inside the infinite subspace associated with the isospectral part of the spectrum and another one in the finite subspace generated by the states created through the SUSY technique.

Bermudez, David; Contreras-Astorga, Alonso; Fernández C., David J.

2014-11-01

80

Maryland State Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Maryland State Archives, through a grant from the Information Technology Fund of the state of Maryland, is working to provide on-line access to over one million historical documents that form the constitutional, legal, legislative, and administrative basis of Maryland government." Included here are documents from the following sources: legislative records, state council, judicial records, executive records, council of safety, land records, laws, codes, compilations, military records, constitutional conventions, public officials, and early state records. Recent editions to the electronic archive include the Proceedings and Acts of the 1796 General Assembly and Proceedings and Debates of the 1850, 1864, and 1967 State Constitutional Conventions. The archives are searchable as a whole or by selected section with a number of different parameter options available. Scholars doing research into the state of Maryland or the history of the early American Republic's governance will want to avail themselves of this site.

81

Amplitude mediated chimera states  

E-print Network

We investigate the possibility of obtaining chimera state solutions of the non-local Complex Ginzburg-Landau Equation (NLCGLE) in the strong coupling limit when it is important to retain amplitude variations. Our numerical studies reveal the existence of a variety of amplitude mediated chimera states (including stationary and non-stationary two cluster chimera states), that display intermittent emergence and decay of amplitude dips in their phase incoherent regions. The existence regions of the single-cluster chimera state and both types of two cluster chimera states are mapped numerically in the parameter space of $C_1$ and $C_2$ the linear and nonlinear dispersion coefficients respectively of the NLCGLE. They represent a new domain of dynamical behaviour in the well explored rich phase diagram of this system. The amplitude mediated chimera states may find useful applications in understanding spatio-temporal patterns found in fluid flow experiments and other strongly coupled systems.

Gautam C Sethia; Abhijit Sen; George L. Johnston

2013-10-04

82

State of Maryland State Employee and  

E-print Network

for more information. How the Plans Work BRAnd nAME VERSuS GEnERic dRuGS The State prescription plan only covers up to the cost of a generic drug, when a generic is available. If you purchase a brand name drug when a generic drug is available, even if it is prescribed by your physician, you must pay

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

83

The State of State Science Standards, 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines K-12 science standards for fifty states and the District of Columbia, as well as the science assessment framework of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The reviewers' aim is to evaluate them for their intrinsic clarity, completeness, and scientific correctness. Their earlier evaluations, as well as those…

Lerner, Lawrence S.; Goodenough, Ursula; Lynch, John; Schwartz, Martha; Schwartz, Richard

2012-01-01

84

StateMaster.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, created by StateMaster.com, is a statistical database, which allows you to research and compare different data on US states. Information is compiled from various primary sources, such as the US Census Bureau, the FBI, and the National Center for Educational Statistics. The site also provides pie charts, maps, graphs and scatter plots. There are also map and flag images, state profiles, and correlations.

85

State Engineer's Office  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: The State Engineer's Office will not approve applications or statements of completion for wells that are open to both the High Plains Aquifer and the Lance Formation in southeastern Wyoming. Authority: Wyoming Statute 41-3-909 (State Engineer; powers generally) gives the State Engineer the authority to regulate well construction: a) In the administration and enforcement of this act (W.S. 41-3-901

DAVE FRUEDENTHAL; PATRICK T. TYRRELL; STATE ENGINEER; E Cheyenne

2005-01-01

86

Twisted vortex state  

E-print Network

We study a twisted vortex bundle where quantized vortices form helices circling around the axis of the bundle in a "force-free" configuration. Such a state is created by injecting vortices into rotating vortex-free superfluid. Using continuum theory we determine the structure and the relaxation of the twisted state. This is confirmed by numerical calculations. We also present experimental evidence of the twisted vortex state in superfluid 3He-B.

V. B. Eltsov; A. P. Finne; R. Hanninen; J. Kopu; M. Krusius; M. Tsubota; E. V. Thuneberg

2006-08-15

87

State Energy Data System  

EIA Publications

The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) source for comprehensive state energy statistics. Included are estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Production and consumption estimates begin with the year 1960 while price and expenditure estimates begin with 1970. The multidimensional completeness of SEDS allows users to make comparisons across states, energy sources, sectors, and over time.

2013-01-01

88

2012 Boise State University 1 Boise State University  

E-print Network

© 2012 Boise State University 1 Boise State University Social Media State University brand Compiled by Marketing Minds and implemented by the Office of Communication and Marketing #12;© 2012 Boise State University 2 Introduc

Barrash, Warren

89

Small Business State Profiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Office of Advocacy of the US Small Business Administration (discussed in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics) profiles small businesses in all states for 1995-1997 and small businesses in the entire US for 1997 at this site. The profiles are snapshot views that include such topics as the number of businesses, income, minority businesses, turnover, finance, job growth, and industries. As such, they can help users quickly and easily gauge the state of small business in a state, a region, or the United States as a whole.

90

State Gasoline Taxes  

E-print Network

BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS HUMANISTIC STUDIES Vol. III March 15, 192S No. 4 State Gasoline Taxes BY KDMUNI) IV LKAENKI), A. B., A, M. Instructor in Economics and Commerce The Unlvmity of Kansas PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY l... vast sums of money, Oregon was the first state to adopt a tax on gasoline to provide revenue for building and maintaining roads. Since this adoption in 1919, many states have passed laws provid ing for gasoline taxes until now forty-four states...

Learned, Edmund Philip

1925-03-15

91

State Licensing and Regulation Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Licensing and Regulation Information State Licensing and Regulation Information States are contacted at least twice per year to verify the accuracy of regulatory information. Click on state below to view state information. ...

92

Staunton State Park Biological Inventory  

E-print Network

Staunton State Park Biological Inventory Prepared by: Susan Spackman, David Anderson, Jeremy Siemers, Phyllis Pineda, and Jill Handwerk Colorado Natural Heritage Program, Colorado State University: Colorado State Parks, Jefferson and Park Counties, Colorado December, 1999 #12;Staunton State Park

93

Environmental State University  

E-print Network

Plant Genetics Horticulture Soil Science Organic Practices Medicinal Plants Reclamation MolecularPlant and Environmental Sciences New Mexico State University New Mexico State University is a journey. Let us help you set the right course. --Eric Votava '00 Senior Plant Breeder Pybas Vegetable Seed

94

Education and Fragile States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the fragile states agendas and policies of development agencies and organisations education is of concern; education is a social service sector in which the impacts of state fragility are significant, in terms of access and quality of provision for children, working conditions and support for teachers, good governance and legitimacy for the…

Kirk, Jackie

2007-01-01

95

ARLPenn State COMPUTATIONAL MECHANICS  

E-print Network

Visualization 1. Assimilation for contaminant transport a. Meandering puff b. Technique comparison for a Shallow on to next time #12;ARLPenn State COMPUTATIONAL MECHANICS 1 a. Meandering Puff We wish to assimilate a puff contaminant concentrations #12;ARLPenn State COMPUTATIONAL MECHANICS a. Assimilate Puffs in Meandering Wind

Kuligowski, Bob

96

Matter: States of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation is showing the motion of molecules in three states of matter; ice crystals, liquid water, and boiling water/steam. Users can "zoom in" to "view" water's molecular arrangement and motion in each state. The resource includes descriptive text to support the animations.

Anthony Carpi, Ph.D.

97

Steady state cosmology revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various cosmological concepts for either a Big Bang origin or a continuous existence for the Universe are discussed. Steady-state theory requires a constant mass density related to the Hubble constant, which is noted to be actually constant in steady-state theory. Friedmann cosmologies are not homogeneous with respect to time, and posit changes in the large scale structures of the Universe

F. Hoyle

1982-01-01

98

States of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is a lab investigation where students observe the four states of matter. At the end of the investigation students should be able to know that the differences among the physical states depend on the distance between the atoms or molecules and on the rate of movement of the atoms or molecules. And, that pressure and temperature control these two factors.

99

Chiropractic. New York State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A reference guide to laws, rules, and regulations that govern the chiropractic practice in New York State is presented. After an overview of professional regulation in the state, licensing requirements/procedures for chiropractors are described. Provisions of Title VIII, Articles 130 and 132, of the Education Law are also covered, along with…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.

100

Residual Finite State Automata  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a subclass of non deterministic finite automata (NFA) that we call Residual Finite State Automata (RFSA): a RFSA is a NFA all the states of which define residual languages of the language it r ecognizes. We prove that for every regular language , there exists a unique RFSA that recognizes and which has both a minimal number of

François Denis; Aurélien Lemay; Alain Terlutte

2001-01-01

101

State Court Organization, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on state court organization as of January 1, 1980, in the 50 states, American Samoa, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands is provided. Data were collected from published sources and through questionnaires. There are two major parts. Part I consists of 36 tables containing comparative data from all the…

National Center for State Courts, Williamsburg, VA.

102

State Issues Digest, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report looks at higher education policy issues that are taking shape at the state level and provides data on key trends and indicators. The first section presents findings from the 2001 State Issues Survey. Topics discussed include: fiscal issues; governance/management; economic development; academic issues; distance education; and…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, Washington, DC.

103

Coherent states via decoherence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rate at which pure initial states deteriorate into mixtures is computed for a harmonic oscillator interacting with an environment in thermal equilibrium. The decoherence process resulting from this interaction selects a set of states characterized by maximal stability (or minimal loss of predictive power) which can be quantified by the rate of increase in either linear or statistical entropy.

Wojciech Zurek; Salman Habib; Juan Paz

1993-01-01

104

Artificially Ground-state  

E-print Network

Ground-state Configuration Ground-state Level Ionization Energy (eV) Based upon 12 C. () indicates.8640 43 Tc Technetium (98) 7.28 75 Re Rhenium 186.207 7.8335 44 Ru Ruthenium 101.07 7.3605 76 Os Osmium

Johnson, Walter R.

105

Centennial State Libraries, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of 12 consecutive issues of the monthly "Centennial State Libraries" newsletter, of the Colorado Department of Education, State Library and Adult Education Office. The issues cover the year 1998. Each issue of the newsletter--except the August issue which is an Annual Report--includes some or all of the following sections:…

Parent, Kathleen D., Ed.

1998-01-01

106

Healthcare. State Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report projects education requirements linked to forecasted job growth in healthcare by state and the District of Columbia from 2010 through 2020. It complements a larger national report which projects educational demand for healthcare for the same time period. The national report shows that with or without Obamacare, the United States will…

Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

2012-01-01

107

Qubit State Discrimination  

E-print Network

We show how one can solve the problem of discriminating between qubit states. We use the quantum state discrimination duality theorem and the Bloch sphere representation of qubits which allows for an easy geometric and analytical representation of the optimal guessing strategies.

M. E. Deconinck; B. M. Terhal

2010-03-01

108

Qubit state discrimination  

SciTech Connect

We show how one can solve the problem of discriminating between qubit states. We use the quantum state discrimination duality theorem and the Bloch sphere representation of qubits, which allows for an easy geometric and analytical representation of the optimal guessing strategies.

Deconinck, Matthieu E. [Telecom ParisTech, 37/39 rue Dareau, F-75014 Paris (France); Terhal, Barbara M. [IBM Watson Research Center, Post Office Box 218, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (United States)

2010-06-15

109

Solid state electrolyte  

Microsoft Academic Search

An electrolyte for solid-state electrochemical cell comprises in solid state, a combination of lithium, phosphate and iodide and either calcium or aluminum moieties, the non-metallic moieties being in stoichiometric relationship with the metallic moieties. An advantageous electrolyte is prepared by reacting calcium iodide and lithium orthophosphate.

A. V. Joshi; A. D. Jatkar; W. P. Sholette

1984-01-01

110

State alternative route designations  

SciTech Connect

Pursuant to the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA), the Department of Transportation (DOT) has promulgated a comprehensive set of regulations regarding the highway transportation of high-level radioactive materials. These regulations, under HM-164 and HM-164A, establish interstate highways as the preferred routes for the transportation of radioactive materials within and through the states. The regulations also provide a methodology by which a state may select alternative routes. First,the state must establish a state routing agency,'' defined as an entity authorized to use the state legal process to impose routing requirements on carriers of radioactive material (49 CFR 171.8). Once identified, the state routing agency must select routes in accordance with Large Quantity Shipments of Radioactive Materials or an equivalent routing analysis. Adjoining states and localities should be consulted on the impact of proposed alternative routes as a prerequisite of final route selection. Lastly, the states must provide written notice of DOT of any alternative route designation before the routes are deemed effective.

Not Available

1989-07-01

111

State alternative route designations  

SciTech Connect

Pursuant to the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA), the Department of Transportation (DOT) has promulgated a comprehensive set of regulations regarding the highway transportation of high-level radioactive materials. These regulations, under HM-164 and HM-164A, establish interstate highways as the preferred routes for the transportation of radioactive materials within and through the states. The regulations also provide a methodology by which a state may select alternative routes. First,the state must establish a ``state routing agency,`` defined as an entity authorized to use the state legal process to impose routing requirements on carriers of radioactive material (49 CFR 171.8). Once identified, the state routing agency must select routes in accordance with Large Quantity Shipments of Radioactive Materials or an equivalent routing analysis. Adjoining states and localities should be consulted on the impact of proposed alternative routes as a prerequisite of final route selection. Lastly, the states must provide written notice of DOT of any alternative route designation before the routes are deemed effective.

Not Available

1989-07-01

112

Iowa State University Engineering  

E-print Network

Association of Technology Management and Applied Engineering (ATMAE) Pg. 7 Chi Epsilon Civil Engineering Honor1 Iowa State University Engineering Student Clubs Engineering Student CouncilIowa State University #12;2 AirISU Pg. 4 Alpha Pi Mu Industrial Engineering Honor Society (APM) Pg. 4 American Institute

Lin, Zhiqun

113

Creative States and Structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the states of consciousness associated with creative work and intimations of specific structures of consciousness that develop over the life of an artist or other creative individual. Creative states are transitory phenomenological experiences that are recurrent and predictable aspects of the creative process. Collectively they form a continuum experienced in the course of a creative work. Creative

Lynne Roff

114

Solid State Division  

SciTech Connect

This report contains brief discussions on work done in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The topics covered are: Theoretical Solid State Physics; Neutron scattering; Physical properties of materials; The synthesis and characterization of materials; Ion beam and laser processing; and Structure of solids and surfaces. (LSP)

Green, P.H.; Watson, D.M. (eds.)

1989-08-01

115

State and local governments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Virginia Space Grant Consortium approach to a close working relation to state and local governments is presented as a model for consideration. State government relations are especially important in that this is a primary resource in securing matching funds. Avenues for establishing these relationships are listed and discussed.

Barnes, Dennis

1990-01-01

116

Tennessee State Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

People might know Tennessee for its fabulous Great Smoky Mountains, but have you ever heard of the Cedars of Lebanon or Fall Creek Falls? Oh yes, those two gems are just a small part of the Tennessee State Park system. After looking at some of the beautiful images on the Tennessee State Parks homepage, visitors can explore the Popular Places People Want to Go section to get a taste of the diverse hiking trails, restaurants, camp sites, and other features that are contained throughout the park system. Visitors can also look over over a dozen topical areas, including What to do?, Park Information, and Resource Management. Policy enthusiasts will appreciate the "Estimated Economic Impacts of Tennessee State Parks" report, that is also featured on the homepage, and travelers will love the "Upcoming Events at Tennessee State Parks" area, as it provides a taste of what they might expect on a visit to the Volunteer State.

117

Hard (State) Problems  

E-print Network

For microquasars, the one time when these systems exhibit steady and powerful jets is when they are in the hard state. Thus, our understanding of this state is key to learning about the disk/jet connection. Recent observational and theoretical results have led to questions about whether we really understand the physical properties of this state, and even our basic picture of this state is uncertain. Here, I discuss some of the recent developments and possible problems with our understanding of this state. Overall, it appears that the strongest challenge to the standard truncated disk picture is the detection of broad iron features in the X-ray spectra, and it seems that either there is a problem with the truncated disk picture or there is a problem with the relativistic reflection models used to explain the broad iron features.

John A. Tomsick

2008-12-16

118

State Health Facts Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, State Health Facts discloses important health and health policy information for all fifty states and US territories. Data are divided into ten categories -- demographics and the economy, health status, health coverage and uninsured, medicaid and CHIP, medicare, health costs and budgets, managed care and health insurance, providers and service use, women's health, minority health, and HIV/ AIDS -- and are displayed as tables, rankings, graphs, or color-coded maps. Users may access individual state profiles and then compare them to other states, or the US as a whole. Also available is a complete list of all the categories, subcategories, and topics that are available on the State Health Facts Online site; links to over 40 Kaiser Family Foundation reports and related resources; a glossary; methodology; and contact information.

119

The Triplet State  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; List of participants; Part I. Spin-orbit Coupling and Intersystem Crossing: 1. Spin-orbit interactions in organic molecules; 2. Singlet-triplet transitions in organic molecules; 3. Triplet decay and intersystem crossing in aromatic hydrocarbons; 4. Statistical aspects of resonance energy transfer; Discussion; Part II. Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic Interactions: 5. Magnetic resonance spectra of organic molecules in triplet states in single crystals; 6. Magnetic interactions related to phosphorescence; 7. ESR investigations of naphthalene-d8:Naphthalene-h8 mixed crystals; 8. Biradicals and polyradicals in the nitroxide series; 9. Changes induced in the phosphorescent radiation of aromatic molecules by paramagnetic resonance in their metastable triplet states; 10. Paramagnetic resonance of the triplet state of tetramethylpyrazine; 11. On magnetic dipole contributions to the intrinsic S0 = T1 transition in simple aromatics; Discussion; Part III. Photochemistry: 12. The kinetics of energy transfer from the triplet state in rigid solutions; 13. Triplet states in gas-phase photochemistry; 14. Biphotonic photochemistry, involving the triplet state: polarisation of the effective T-T transition and solvent effects; 15. Direct and sensitised photo-oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons in boric acid glass; Discussion; Part IV. Radiationless Transitions: 16. Radiationless transitions in gaseous benzene; 17. Low-lying excited triplet states and intersystem crossing in aromatic hydrocarbons; 18. De-excitation rates of triplet states in condensed media; 19. Lifetimes of the triplet state of aromatic hydrocarbons in the vapour phase; Discussion; Part V. Triplet Excitons: 20. Some comments on the properties of triplet excitons in molecular crystals; 21. Exact treatment of coherent and incoherent triplet exciton migration; 22. Magnetic susceptibility of a system of triplet excitons: Würster's Blue Perchlorate; 23. A study of triplet excitons in anthracene crystals under laser excitation; 24. The electronic states in crystaline anthracene; Discussion; Part VI. Delayed Fluorescent and Phosphorescence: 25. Delayed fluorescence of solutions; 26. The kinetics of the excited states of anthracene and phenanthrene vapor; 27. Optical investigations of the triplet states of naphthalene in different crystalline environments; 28. Excitation of the triplet states of organic molecules; 29. The delayed luminescence and triplet quantum yields of pyrene solutions; 30. Triplet state studies of some polyphenyls in rigid glasses; 31. Decay time of delayed fluorescence of anthracene as a function of temperature (2-30şK); 32. Energy transfer between benzene and biacetyl and the lifetime of triplet benzene in the gas phase; 33. Charge transfer triplet state of molecular complexes. 34. Flash-photolytic detection of triplet acridine formed by energy transfer from biacetyl; 35. Extinction coefficients of triplet-triplet transitions between 3000 and 8800 A in anthracene; 36. Anthracene triplet-triplet annihilation rate constant; Discussion; Part VII. Triplet State Related to Biology: 37. ESR and optical studies of some triplet states of biological interest; 38. The triplet state of DNA; 39. Some characteristics of the triplet states of the nucleic bases; Discussion; Indexes.

Zahlan, A. B.

2010-01-01

120

Quantum state targeting  

E-print Network

We introduce a new primitive for quantum communication that we term "state targeting" wherein the goal is to pass a test for a target state even though the system upon which the test is performed is submitted prior to learning the target state's identity. Success in state targeting can be described as having some control over the outcome of the test. We show that increasing one's control above a minimum amount implies an unavoidable increase in the probability of failing the test. This is analogous to the unavoidable disturbance to a quantum state that results from gaining information about its identity, and can be shown to be a purely quantum effect. We provide some applications of the results to the security analysis of cryptographic tasks implemented between remote antagonistic parties. Although we focus on weak coin flipping, the results are significant for other two-party protocols, such as strong coin flipping, partially binding and concealing bit commitment, and bit escrow. Furthermore, the results have significance not only for the traditional notion of security in cryptography, that of restricting a cheater's ability to bias the outcome of the protocol, but also on a novel notion of security that arises only in the quantum context, that of cheat-sensitivity. Finally, our analysis of state targeting leads to some interesting secondary results, for instance, a generalization of Uhlmann's theorem and an operational interpretation of the fidelity between two mixed states.

Terry Rudolph; Robert W. Spekkens

2003-10-09

121

State Legislative Search Guide State Childhood Obesity Policy Evaluation (SCOPE) State Legislative Search Guide  

E-print Network

State Legislative Search Guide State Childhood Obesity Policy Evaluation (SCOPE) I State Legislative Search Guide Introduction The State Legislative Search Guide is intended to facilitate use of all 50 public domain state legislative databases (U.S. States) for persons interested in searching

122

Turnplate of quantum state  

E-print Network

Time-reversal symmetry breaking can enhance or suppress the probability of success for quantum state transfer (QST), and remarkably it can be used to implement the directional QST. In this paper we study the QST on a ring with time-reversal asymmetry. We show that the system will behave as a quantum state turnplate under some proper parameters, which may serve as time controlled quantum routers in complex quantum networks. We propose to to realize the quantum state turnplate in the coupled resonator optical waveguide by controlling the coupling strength and the phase.

Yang Liu; D. L. Zhou

2015-01-28

123

Solid state batteries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The all solid state battery has been an idealized technological goal because of the assumption that the problem of batteries containing liquid phases are, at least in part, due to the fluid properties which can lead to high rates of self discharge, leakage of electrolyte through battery seals, and poor performance at both extremes of temperatures due to phase transitions. The major problem in developing useful solid state batteries has been to identify solid state ionically conducting materials with adequate conductivity to serve as the battery electrolyte. Recent work on new glasses and new polymer electrolytes have stimulated this field of investigation.

Munshi, M. Z.; Owens, Boone B.

1987-01-01

124

Torus knot state asymptotics  

E-print Network

The state of a knot is defined in the realm of Chern-Simons topological quantum field theory as a holomorphic section on the SU(2) character manifold of the peripheral torus. We compute the asymptotics of the torus knot states in terms of the Alexander polynomial, the Reidemeister torsion and the Chern-Simons invariant. We also prove that the microsupport of the torus knot state is included in the character manifold of the knot exterior. As a corollary we deduce the Witten asymptotics conjecture for the Dehn filling of the torus knots and asymptotic expansions for the colored Jones polynomials.

Laurent Charles

2011-07-23

125

State Organ Donation Legislation  

MedlinePLUS

... State Revenue Sources Legal Consent ME/C Facilitation Donation Education Living Donor Support Voluntary Contributions State-Provided Funds UAGA Version Donor Designation Registries Driver’s Lic. Schools Driver Education Tax Benefit Leave of Absence Public Private ... HRSA.gov's privacy protection may not be available at the external link. The information contained in this Web site is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Because the charts in this Web site represent only a general summary of the legislation described and because legislation in this area changes often, we recommend that you consult with your local organ procurement organization or your State Attorney General's Office ...

126

State of the Beach  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This annual Surfrider Foundation report surveys the state of the beaches in coastal and Great Lakes states that are home to Foundation chapters. Each state is rated based on the availability of information and status of eight indicators, including beach access, Website access, surf zone water quality, and beach erosion, among others. The report is written from the perspective of a "concerned local citizen" and aimed at "the people who use and care most about this precious resource." The online report contains six sections, including an executive summary, an explanation of the indicators, conclusions, and recommendations.

127

State Data Map  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This application uses percentages to shade in a map of the United States. It displays ten different data sets and their proportional relationships across the nation and offers an option to generate random numbers. Each state is represented by its number value in the data set and then shaded based on its percentage of the greatest value. A box and whisker plot is provided as well as mean, median, lower quartile, and upper quartile. This application is used in a related resource that is cataloged separately, "State Data (Illuminations)".

2012-01-01

128

State Data (Illuminations)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson plan students use various types of visual representation to compare data about the number of letters in the name of each state; students create bar graphs from which they find the Mean, Median, Mode, and Range of their data set (10 states only). These data landmarks and visual representations are used to compare their data with their classmates. The lesson plan includes a grid paper document for creating the bar graph and a link to an applet for a State Data Map (cataloged separately).

Grace M. Burton

2012-01-01

129

Minot State University Microbiology  

E-print Network

Minot State University Biol 142 Microbiology Lab Exercise I Part 1 PREPARATION AND USE OF GROWTH procedure that eliminates life forms. In the microbiology lab we use sterilization to kill microorganisms

130

Florida State Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The modern Florida State Parks system was created in 1935, and their programs include parks all the way from the St. Augustine area to the Keys. Their homepage brings together cultural, historical, and scientific materials related to the various sites in the state system. The website includes information on each park, along with interactive features on African American sites in the state and notable battlegrounds. Along the top of the page, visitors can use sections such as "Find a Park" and "Stay the Night" to plan their journey through the state. Each park entry also contains information about the site's history, along with detailed information about ranger programs, special music events, and so on. Finally, visitors can stay in touch via Twitter and other social media.

131

United States Department of  

E-print Network

J. Baumflek Marla R. Emery Clare Ginger #12;Visit our homepage at: http Ginger is an associate professor in the Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources Clare Ginger University of Vermont Research funded by the Northeastern States Research Cooperative

132

Ground State Spin Logic  

E-print Network

Designing and optimizing cost functions and energy landscapes is a problem encountered in many fields of science and engineering. These landscapes and cost functions can be embedded and annealed in experimentally controllable spin Hamiltonians. Using an approach based on group theory and symmetries, we examine the embedding of Boolean logic gates into the ground state subspace of such spin systems. We describe parameterized families of diagonal Hamiltonians and symmetry operations which preserve the ground state subspace encoding the truth tables of Boolean formulas. The ground state embeddings of adder circuits are used to illustrate how gates are combined and simplified using symmetry. Our work is relevant for experimental demonstrations of ground state embeddings found in both classical optimization as well as adiabatic quantum optimization.

J. D. Whitfield; M. Faccin; J. D. Biamonte

2012-05-08

133

Negative-ion states  

SciTech Connect

In this brief review, we discuss some of the properties of atomic and molecular negative ions and their excited states. Experiments involving photon reactions with negative ions and polar dissociation are summarized. 116 references, 14 figures.

Compton, R.N.

1982-01-01

134

The Organic Solid State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews interesting and useful electrical, magnetic, and optical properties of the organic solid state. Offers speculation as to areas of fruitful research. Discusses organic superconductors, conducting organic polymers, organic metals, and traces recent history of creation of organic metals. (JM)

Cowan, Dwaine O.; Wlygul, Frank M.

1986-01-01

135

State Electricity Profiles  

EIA Publications

The annual report contains data tables describing the electricity industry in each state. Data include generating capability, electricity generation, fuel use and prices, retail sales, emissions, and net interstate transfers of electricity.

2014-01-01

136

State Nuclear Profiles  

EIA Publications

Presents a summary of current and recent historical data for the nuclear power industry. The data focuses on net summer capacity and net generation for each state, as well as plant specific information for 2010.

2012-01-01

137

Coma / Vegetative State  

MedlinePLUS

... the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States After Severe Brain Injury Brain Trauma, Concussion, and Coma What Is the ... for Families with a Loved One with Severe Brain Injury Why Predicting Outcomes After Traumatic Brain Injury Can ...

138

Quantum Physics: Altered States   

E-print Network

Stand by for a new state of matter — according to some predictions, it could be created in the next few months. In a handful of laboratories around the world, physicists are trying to persuade antisocial atoms to pair ...

Haw, Mark

2002-06-27

139

Department: City, State  

E-print Network

- NOT AVAILABLE OR ACCESSIBLE - PERSONAL MILEAGE RATE STATE VEHICLE - AVAILABLE OR NOT REQUESTED - FLEET RATE 2 OF TRIP GRAND TOTAL Amount Account Index Guests and W&M students must provide W-9 form. International

Swaddle, John

140

State Air Quality Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents in tabular form the air quality standards for sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, photochemicals, non-methane hydrocarbons and particulates for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. (CS)

Pollution Engineering, 1978

1978-01-01

141

Noninvasive Metallic State  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Topological insulator is a newly established exotic state of matter that has been intensively discussed in the field of condensed-matter nanophysics since the last couple of years. Though it is undistinguishable from ordinary band insulators in the bulk, in the sense it has a gapped spectrum with its Fermi energy lying in that gap, on the surface (if the sample has a surface) it exhibits a "protected" gapless state, i.e., it behaves like a metal on its surface. The central issue that has been discussed so far was on the existence of such a metallic surface state protected by the topological non-triviality of the (gapped) bulk spectrum. Here, in this article we attempt to quantify the remaining question, "why does such a protected gapless state appear only on the surface?" in the language of the surface Dirac theory.

Imura, Ken-Ichiro; Takane, Yositake

142

Regions of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What influences where people live in the United States? Essential Concepts and/or Skills from the IOWA CORE can be found: Link for IOWA CORE What are your guiding questions? Use the following resources to get to know the states in the particular regions of the USA 50 States Practice Regions of the United States Teacherfirst 50 states Map and Facts of the United States United States HIstory Link ...

Ms. Evans

2011-12-09

143

Topological Photonic States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As exotic phenomena in optics, topological states in photonic crystals have drawn much attention due to their fundamental significance and great potential applications. Because of the broken time-reversal symmetry under the influence of an external magnetic field, the photonic crystals composed of magneto-optical materials will lead to the degeneracy lifting and show particular topological characters of energy bands. The upper and lower bulk bands have nonzero integer topological numbers. The gapless edge states can be realized to connect two bulk states. This topological photonic states originated from the topological property can be analogous to the integer quantum Hall effect in an electronic system. The gapless edge state only possesses a single sign of gradient in the whole Brillouin zone, and thus the group velocity is only in one direction leading to the one-way energy flow, which is robust to disorder and impurity due to the nontrivial topological nature of the corresponding electromagnetic states. Furthermore, this one-way edge state would cross the Brillouin center with nonzero group velocity, where the negative-zero-positive phase velocity can be used to realize some interesting phenomena such as tunneling and backward phase propagation. On the other hand, under the protection of time-reversal symmetry, a pair of gapless edge states can also be constructed by using magnetic-electric coupling meta-materials, exhibiting Fermion-like spin helix topological edge states, which can be regarded as an optical counterpart of topological insulator originating from the spin-orbit coupling. The aim of this article is to have a comprehensive review of recent research literatures published in this emerging field of photonic topological phenomena. Photonic topological states and their related phenomena are presented and analyzed, including the chiral edge states, polarization dependent transportation, unidirectional waveguide and nonreciprocal optical transmission, all of which might lead to novel applications such as one-way splitter, optical isolator and delay line. In addition, the possible prospect and development of related topics are also discussed.

He, Cheng; Lin, Liang; Sun, Xiao-Chen; Liu, Xiao-Ping; Lu, Ming-Hui; Chen, Yan-Feng

2014-01-01

144

State Environmental Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information on Wisconsin environmental policies and assembles information and tools to help legislators make decisions on environmental issues. The State Environmental Resource Center identifies effective state policies as well as exposing anti-environmental legislative trends. Included in this site are sample bills, press clips, fact sheets, research, and other background information on a large assortment of environmental issues such as clean energy, urban issues, saving wildlands, safe air and water, children's health, land and water use, and environmental citizenship.

Defenders of Wildlife

145

Solid state switch  

DOEpatents

A solid state switch, with reverse conducting thyristors, is designed to operate at 20 kV hold-off voltage, 1500 A peak, 1.0 .mu.s pulsewidth, and 4500 pps, to replace thyratrons. The solid state switch is more reliable, more economical, and more easily repaired. The switch includes a stack of circuit card assemblies, a magnetic assist and a trigger chassis. Each circuit card assembly contains a reverse conducting thyristor, a resistor capacitor network, and triggering circuitry.

Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA); Dreifuerst, Gary R. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01

146

States of Matters  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the states of matter? 1. Open States of Matter Chart. This is where you will write down all the information that you learn. 2. Open Information on Solids. Write down 2 facts that you learned about solids in the chart AND draw a picture of what you think an example of a solid could be. 3. Open Information on Liquids. Write down 2 facts that you ...

Ms. Newman

2010-11-04

147

Vectorized Finite State Automata  

Microsoft Academic Search

. We present a technique of finite state parsingbased on vectorization and describe the application of thistechnique to a well-known problem of natural language processing,that of extracting relational information from Englishtext. We define Vectorized Finite State Automata, the theoreticalmodel behind the applied system, and discuss theirsignificance.0 IntroductionOne of the persistent problems in building finite automata onthe large scale required by

András Kornai

148

Equidistant-state preparation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a scheme for preparing a set of bases constituted by equidistant states of a quantum system in prime dimension starting with a single entangled system-ancilla state. The required quantum correlations between the involved systems as a function of the separability constant are analyzed. A comparative analysis of errors in tomographic reconstruction process using bases of different separation is given in the frame of the Fisher information approach.

Sainz, I.; Klimov, A. B.; Roa, Luis

2013-09-01

149

State intervention and neoliberalism  

E-print Network

in the globalizing world economy: lessons from Singapore’s regionalization programme Henry Wai-chung Yeung Abstract The recent 1997- 98 Asian economic crisis has thrown Asia’s divergent pathways to development into serious question. Protagonists of neoliberalism argue that their agenda is now becoming a global orthodoxy when several ailing Asian economies have accepted IMF packages which come with neoliberal economic programmes. Drawing on lessons from Singapore’s regionalization programme, this article contends that it is far too early to conclude that Asian developmental states are giving up their governance of domestic economies. Instead, there is evidence that these Asian developmental states are re-regulating their domestic economies to ride out of the economic crisis. The article ?rst starts with the debate between neoliberalism and state developmentalism in our understanding of global political economy. It then examines the political economy of Singapore’s regionalization programme through which Singapore-based transnational corporations are strongly encouraged by the state to regionalize their operations, followed by a critical discussion of the impact of the recent Asian economic crisis on the re-regulation of the regionalization programme by the state in Singapore. Some lessons for Asian emerging economies are suggested in the concluding section. Keywords Globalization; neoliberalism; state intervention; Singapore; foreign investment; Asian economic crisis

unknown authors

150

The Association between State Attachment Security and State Mindfulness  

PubMed Central

Recent research suggests that attachment and mindfulness are related, though the nature of this association is unclear. Here we present two studies examining whether there is a causal relationship between state attachment and state mindfulness. Study 1 investigated the effects of experimentally increasing state mindfulness on state attachment security. State mindfulness was successfully enhanced, but this led to no change in state attachment security. Study 2 investigated the effects of experimentally enhancing state attachment security on state mindfulness. State attachment security was successfully enhanced, but this did not lead to any change in state mindfulness. These findings suggest that there is not a direct, immediate causal relationship between state attachment and state mindfulness as a result of brief experimental manipulations. Future research should examine these associations in longer term interventions. PMID:25786134

Pepping, Christopher A.; Davis, Penelope J.; O’Donovan, Analise

2015-01-01

151

7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Mushroom...

2010-01-01

152

7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Mushroom...

2013-01-01

153

7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Mushroom...

2011-01-01

154

7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Mushroom...

2012-01-01

155

7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Mushroom...

2014-01-01

156

State Trees and Arbor Days.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides information on state trees for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Includes for each state: (1) year in which state tree was chosen; (2) common and scientific names of the tree; (3) arbor day observance; (4) address of state forester; and (5) drawings of the tree, leaf, and fruit or cone. (JN)

Forest Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

157

Boise State University Graduate Catalog  

E-print Network

Boise State University Graduate Catalog #12;Graduate Catalog 2011-2012 #12;2 Boise State University 2011-2012 Graduate Catalog The graduate catalog describes the graduate programs offered by Boise State university publications are the Boise State University Schedule of Classes, the Boise State University

Barrash, Warren

158

See Your State From Space!  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Each of the 50 States in the United States is beautiful in its own way. That beauty can be seen from a unique perspective using satellite images taken from high above the Earth. These State images were created from multiple satellite images stitched together into one seamless image for each State. Names of major cities, administrative boundaries, and State flags have been added.

U.S. Geological Survey

2008-01-01

159

Unambiguous discrimination of mixed states  

SciTech Connect

We present the conditions under which probabilistic error-free discrimination of mixed states is possible, and provide upper and lower bounds on the maximum probability of success for the case of two mixed states. We solve certain special cases exactly, and demonstrate how the problems of state filtering and state comparison can be recast as problems of mixed state unambiguous discrimination.

Rudolph, Terry [Bell Labs, 600 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974, USA (United States); Spekkens, Robert W. [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 35 King St. North, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2J 2W9 (Canada); Turner, Peter S. [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A7 (Canada)

2003-07-01

160

From graph states to two-graph states  

Microsoft Academic Search

The name 'graph state' is used to describe a certain class of pure quantum state which models a physical structure on which one can perform measurement-based quantum computing, and which has a natural graphical description. We present the two-graph state, this being a generalisation of the graph state and a two-graph representation of a stabilizer state. Mathematically, the two-graph state

Constanza Riera; Stephane Jacob; Matthew G. Parker

2008-01-01

161

Quantum state discrimination with bosonic channels and Gaussian states  

E-print Network

Discriminating between quantum states is an indispensable part of quantum information theory. This thesis investigates state discrimination of continuous quantum variables, focusing on bosonic communication channels and ...

Tan, Si Hui, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01

162

7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

2010-01-01

163

Maryland State Data Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1978, the US Census established a cooperative program with the 50 states to "make census information available locally through a network of State agencies, universities, libraries, and regional and local governments." As part of this effort, the Maryland Department of Planning, in cooperation with the State Library Resource Center (Enoch Pratt) and the University of Maryland's Computer Science Center, has produced an excellent Website posting up-to-date and archival data on the demographics of Maryland. "Sample profiles of 1990 census data, historic trends and forecasts are available here for Maryland, its six planning regions and jurisdictions" with charts highlighting key items from the profiles. Projections from this data include population, race, age, households, labor force, jobs, income, and school enrollment. Recent posts to the Website provide data on socioeconomic profiles of Maryland residents, foreign immigration to Maryland from 1992-1998, household median and mean income estimates, new school enrollment projections, and IRS-monitored state-to-state migration. Documents are posted in HTML, with some also available in .pdf format for printing.

164

Administering Our State Library Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A satire on the application of scientific management principles to a state library agency. Covers relationships of the state librarian to staff, the profession, and state and federal governments. (Author/JS)

DuFrane, Gerard

1970-01-01

165

State estimation on correlated copies  

E-print Network

State estimation is usually analyzed in the situation when copies are in a product state, either mixed or pure. We investigate here the concept of state estimation on correlated copies. We analyze state estimation on correlated N qubit states, which are permutationally invariant. Using a correlated state we try to estimate as good as possible the direction of the Bloch vector of a single particle reduced density matrix. We derive the optimal fidelity for all permutation invariant states. We find the optimal state, which yields the highest estimation fidelity among the states with the same reduced density matrix. Interestingly this state is not a product state. We also point out that states produced by optimal universal cloning machines are the worst form the point of view of estimating the reduced density matrix.

Rafal Demkowicz-Dobrzanski

2006-07-13

166

The plasma state  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This segment of a tutorial about plasma--the main state of matter in space--deals with what plasma is and how it is formed. Background information on electric and magnetic fields is also included because plasmas interact with these fields. Enlargeable graphics and an interactive game about the four states of matter complement the segment's four pages of text. In the game, students direct falling objects, such as rocks, lightning, and gasoline, into the appropriate state-of-matter slot. The segment also explains why plasma is so rare on Earth and so abundant in space. A concluding vignette explores Hannes Alfven's ongoing influence on space physics. Alfven was a twentieth-century Nobel laureate. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Space Science Institute

2005-01-01

167

GFP's Mechanical Intermediate States  

PubMed Central

Green fluorescent protein (GFP) mutants have become the most widely used fluorescence markers in the life sciences, and although they are becoming increasingly popular as mechanical force or strain probes, there is little direct information on how their fluorescence changes when mechanically stretched. Here we derive high-resolution structural models of the mechanical intermediate states of stretched GFP using steered molecular dynamics (SMD) simulations. These structures were used to produce mutants of EGFP and EYFP that mimic GFP's different mechanical intermediates. A spectroscopic analysis revealed that a population of EGFP molecules with a missing N-terminal ?-helix was significantly dimmed, while the fluorescence lifetime characteristic of the anionic chromophore state remained unaffected. This suggests a mechanism how N-terminal deletions can switch the protonation state of the chromophore, and how the fluorescence of GFP molecules in response to mechanical disturbance might be turned off. PMID:23118864

Saeger, John; Hytönen, Vesa P.; Klotzsch, Enrico; Vogel, Viola

2012-01-01

168

Vatican City State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On February 11, 1929 the Vatican City State was inaugurated with the signing of the Lateran Accords. With its motto, "A small territory with a great mission", the State is celebrating its 80th anniversary with a number of celebrations this year. This very fine site brings together a veritable cornucopia of information about the Vatican City State, including information about its governance structure, monuments, and philatelic culture. Visitors can start their journey by looking at webcams that provide a top-notch view of St. Peter's Square and the Governorate Palace. Moving on, visitors can also click on the "History" section to learn about the long history of the Vatican, and how the term has been used over the millennia. Visitors can also listen in to Vatican Radio, and check up on official news releases from the Vatican Information Service.

169

Exciting flavored bound states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study ground and radial excitations of flavor singlet and flavored pseudoscalar mesons within the framework of the rainbow-ladder truncation using an infrared massive and finite interaction in agreement with recent results for the gluon-dressing function from lattice QCD and Dyson-Schwinger equations. Whereas the ground-state masses and decay constants of the light mesons as well as charmonia are well described, we confirm previous observations that this truncation is inadequate to provide realistic predictions for the spectrum of excited and exotic states. Moreover, we find a complex conjugate pair of eigenvalues for the excited D(s) mesons, which indicates a non-Hermiticity of the interaction kernel in the case of heavy-light systems and the present truncation. Nevertheless, limiting ourselves to the leading contributions of the Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes, we find a reasonable description of the charmed ground states and their respective decay constants.

Rojas, E.; El-Bennich, B.; de Melo, J. P. B. C.

2014-10-01

170

Renormalizing an initial state  

E-print Network

The intricate machinery of perturbative quantum field theory has largely been devoted to the 'dynamical' side of the theory: simple states are evolved in complicated ways. This article begins to address this lopsided treatment. Although it is rarely possible to solve for the eigenstates of an interacting theory exactly, a general state and its evolution can nonetheless be constructed perturbatively in terms of the propagators and structures defined with respect to the free theory. The detailed form of the initial state in this picture is fixed by imposing suitable `renormalization conditions' on the Green's functions. This technique is illustrated with an example drawn from inflation, where the presence of nonrenormalizable operators and where an expansion that naturally couples early times with short distances make the ability to start the theory at a finite initial time especially desirable.

Hael Collins; R. Holman; Tereza Vardanyan

2014-08-20

171

California State Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Those persons with an interest in the history and government of the Golden State will love the California State Archives, which were originally chartered to receive "�all public records, registered maps, books, papers, rolls, documents and other writings�which appertain to or are in any way connected with the political history and past administration of the government of California." On the site, visitors can learn about the local government records program, look over state government oral histories, or consider the particulars of the graduate internship program. In the Collections area, visitors can examine past iterations of California's constitution, take a look at select pieces of legislation, and browse Spanish and Mexican land grants. Finally, visitors can look through the fascinating working papers of the 1878-1879 Constitutional Convention, the site's first formal digitized collection.

2012-01-01

172

Exciting flavored bound states  

E-print Network

We study ground and radial excitations of flavor singlet and flavored pseudoscalar mesons within the framework of the rainbow-ladder truncation using an infrared massive and finite interaction in agreement with recent results for the gluon-dressing function from lattice QCD and Dyson-Schwinger equations. Whereas the ground-state masses and decay constants of the light mesons as well as charmonia are well described, we confirm previous observations that this truncation is inadequate to provide realistic predictions for the spectrum of excited and exotic states. Moreover, we find a complex conjugate pair of eigenvalues for the excited $D_{(s)}$ mesons, which indicates a non-Hermiticity of the interaction kernel in the case of heavy-light systems and the present truncation. Nevertheless, limiting ourselves to the leading contributions of the Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes, we find a reasonable description of the charmed ground states and their respective decay constants.

E. Rojas; B. El-Bennich; J. P. B. C. de Melo

2014-10-23

173

Parametric State Space Structuring  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Structured approaches based on Kronecker operators for the description and solution of the infinitesimal generator of a continuous-time Markov chains are receiving increasing interest. However, their main advantage, a substantial reduction in the memory requirements during the numerical solution, comes at a price. Methods based on the "potential state space" allocate a probability vector that might be much larger than actually needed. Methods based on the "actual state space", instead, have an additional logarithmic overhead. We present an approach that realizes the advantages of both methods with none of their disadvantages, by partitioning the local state spaces of each submodel. We apply our results to a model of software rendezvous, and show how they reduce memory requirements while, at the same time, improving the efficiency of the computation.

Ciardo, Gianfranco; Tilgner, Marco

1997-01-01

174

State summaries: Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2005, Oklahoma mines produced both industrial minerals and coal. No metals were mined in the state. Based on value, leading industrial minerals include crushed stone followed by cement, construction sand and gravel, industrial sand and gravel, iodine and gypsum. The Oklahoma Department of Mines (ODOM) reported that more than 343 mine operators produced nonfuel minerals from 405 mines in the state. However, 530 mining permitted sites were on file. The Oklahoma Miner Training Institute (OMTI) held 239 classes for 33,768 classroom hours of instruction, in which 84 coal miners and 4,587 metal/nonmetal miners were trained.

Krukowski, S.T.

2006-01-01

175

Solid state switch  

DOEpatents

A solid state switch, with reverse conducting thyristors, is designed to operate at 20 kV hold-off voltage, 1,500 A peak, 1.0 [mu]s pulsewidth, and 4,500 pps, to replace thyratrons. The solid state switch is more reliable, more economical, and more easily repaired. The switch includes a stack of circuit card assemblies, a magnetic assist and a trigger chassis. Each circuit card assembly contains a reverse conducting thyristor, a resistor capacitor network, and triggering circuitry. 6 figs.

Merritt, B.T.; Dreifuerst, G.R.

1994-07-19

176

Exotic hadron states  

E-print Network

Many charmonium-like and bottomonium-like $XYZ$ resonances have been observed by the Belle, Babar, CLEO and BESIII collaborations in the past decade. They are difficult to fit in the conventional quark model and thus are considered as candidates of exotic hadrons, such as multi-quark states, meson molecules, and hybrids. In this talk, we first briefly introduce the method of QCD sum rules and then provide a short review of the mass spectra of the quarkonium-like tetraquark states and the heavy quarkonium hybrids in the QCD sum rules approach. Possible interpretations of the $XYZ$ resonances are briefly discussed.

Chen, Wei; Steele, T G; Kleiv, R T; Bulthuis, B; Harnett, D; Richards, T; Zhu, Shi-Lin

2014-01-01

177

Exotic hadron states  

E-print Network

Many charmonium-like and bottomonium-like $XYZ$ resonances have been observed by the Belle, Babar, CLEO and BESIII collaborations in the past decade. They are difficult to fit in the conventional quark model and thus are considered as candidates of exotic hadrons, such as multi-quark states, meson molecules, and hybrids. In this talk, we first briefly introduce the method of QCD sum rules and then provide a short review of the mass spectra of the quarkonium-like tetraquark states and the heavy quarkonium hybrids in the QCD sum rules approach. Possible interpretations of the $XYZ$ resonances are briefly discussed.

Wei Chen; J. Ho; T. G. Steele; R. T. Kleiv; B. Bulthuis; D. Harnett; T. Richards; Shi-Lin Zhu

2014-11-03

178

State Population Projections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson plan students create graphs and analyze data based on the data provided by the United States Census Bureau. Students choose five states to focus on and create a bar graph for each, then students compare the data represented in the graphs and answer questions about the data. The lesson includes student activity sheet, the link to the U.S. Census Bureau is no longer active, please follow this link instead: http://www.census.gov/population/projections/files/stateproj/stpjpop.txt

Grace M. Burton

2008-01-01

179

Parameter estimating state reconstruction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Parameter estimation is considered for systems whose entire state cannot be measured. Linear observers are designed to recover the unmeasured states to a sufficient accuracy to permit the estimation process. There are three distinct dynamics that must be accommodated in the system design: the dynamics of the plant, the dynamics of the observer, and the system updating of the parameter estimation. The latter two are designed to minimize interaction of the involved systems. These techniques are extended to weakly nonlinear systems. The application to a simulation of a space shuttle POGO system test is of particular interest. A nonlinear simulation of the system is developed, observers designed, and the parameters estimated.

George, E. B.

1976-01-01

180

Generalized Dicke States  

E-print Network

Quantum master equations are an important tool in quantum optics and quantum information theory. For systems comprising a small to medium number of atoms (or qubits), the non-truncated equations are usually solved numerically. In this paper, we present a group-theoretical superoperator method that helps solving these equations. To do so, we exploit the SU(4)-symmetry of the respective Lindblad operator and construct basis states that generalize the well-known Dicke states. This allows us to solve various problems analytically and to considerably reduce the complexity of problems that can only be solved numerically. Finally, we present three examples that illustrate the proposed method.

Stephan Hartmann

2012-01-09

181

Quantum chimera states  

E-print Network

We study a theoretical model of closed quasi-hermitian chain of spins which exhibits quantum analogues of chimera states, i.e. long life classical states for which a part of an oscillator chain presents an ordered dynamics whereas another part presents a disordered chaotic dynamics. For the quantum analogue, the chimera behavior deals with the entanglement between the spins of the chain. We discuss the entanglement properties, quantum chaos, quantum disorder and semi-classical similarity of our quantum chimera system. The quantum chimera concept is novel and induces new perspectives concerning the entanglement of multipartite systems.

David Viennot; Lucile Aubourg

2014-11-19

182

State Personal Income Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial and Statistical Data Center at the University of Virginia offers a database of state personal income from 1958 to 1997. The database may be searched by ten fields including US state, personal income by major source and earnings by industry, wage and salary disbursements by industry and by year, and regional economic profiles. Users can select from a pick list of options for each field, and the accompanying helpful notes sections provide explanatory footnotes for each pick list. The database may be queried by one field or a combination of several fields.

183

The state of globalization: towards a theory of state transformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that it is erroneous to counterpose globalization to the state, as many increasingly sterile debates in the social sciences have done. Globalization does not undermine the state but includes the transformation of state forms: it is both predicated on and produces such transformations. The reason for the false counterposition of the state and globalization is that the

Martin Shaw

1997-01-01

184

Western States and National Energy Policy: The New States' Rights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy development in western states has contributed to demands for new states' rights. Western states want a more active part in federal energy policy formulation. Article discusses recent intergovernmental relations, federal-state relations, and the effects of national energy, environmental, and related policies on energy resource development in…

Hall, Timothy A.; And Others

1978-01-01

185

Implementing the Common Core State Standards: State Spotlights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of the 2012-2013 school year, over 20 states have formally moved to the Common Core State Standards being used as the learning expectations for all students across the state, and the remainder will be doing so in the 2014-2015 school year. This document highlights state initiatives that are supporting Common Core implementation in the following…

Council of Chief State School Officers, 2013

2013-01-01

186

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA OFFICE OF STATE PERSONNEL  

E-print Network

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA OFFICE OF STATE PERSONNEL 1331 MAIL SERVICE CENTER 116 WEST JONES STREET RALEIGH, NC 27699-1331 BEVERLY EAVES PERDUE LINDA D. COLEMAN GOVERNOR STATE PERSONNEL DIRECTOR Director's Office Phone: 919-807-4800 Fax: 919-715-9750 An Equal Opportunity Employer May 2, 2011 Dear Fellow State

Langerhans, Brian

187

The State "of" State U.S. History Standards 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the Thomas B. Fordham Institute's first review of the quality of state U.S. history standards since 2003. Key findings include: (1) A majority of states' standards are mediocre-to-awful. The average grade across "all" states is barely a D. In twenty-eight jurisdictions--a majority of states--the history standards earn Ds or below.…

Stern, Sheldon M.; Stern, Jeremy A.

2011-01-01

188

State of Spacef p State of Space 2009  

E-print Network

State of Spacef p 2009 State of Space 2009 DRAFT ­ For Discussion Only #12;UW Space throughout the World Owned or Leased State of Space 2009 DRAFT ­ For Discussion Only *Space recorded with the Office of Planning & Budgeting or the Real Estate Office #12;UW Space throughout the United States Owned or Leased

Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

189

THE STATE TOBACCO ACTIVITIES TRACKING AND EVALUATION (STATE) SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

The State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System is an electronic data warehouse containing up-to-date and historical state-level data on tobacco use prevention and control. The STATE System is designed to integrate many data sources to provide comprehensive su...

190

State DOT: Michigan State Report Questions on MEPDG Implementation  

E-print Network

State DOT: Michigan State Report Questions on MEPDG Implementation 1. Summarize your state's status as far as MEPDG Implementation. Michigan DOT has purchased a single copy of DARWin-ME for the statewide, a research project will begin with Michigan State University involving local calibration and validation

191

Solid State Lighting  

SciTech Connect

The article discusses solid state lighting technologies. This topic was covered in two previous ASHRAE Journal columns (2010). This article covers advancements in technologies and the associated efficacies. The life-cycle, energy savings and market potential of these technologies are addressed as well.

Hastbacka, Mildred; Dieckmann, John; Bouza, Antonio

2013-03-30

192

United States Environmental Protection  

E-print Network

to scientific veracity, and practical application of the information to protect our marine resources - so ably.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, Washington, DC. #12;Estuarine and Coastal Marine WatersUnited States Environmental Protection Agency EPA-822-B-00-024 December 2000 Office of Water 4304

193

Protein states and proteinquakes.  

PubMed Central

After photodissociation of carbon monoxide bound to myoglobin, the protein relaxes to the deoxy equilibrium structure in a quake-like motion. Investigation of the proteinquake and of related intramolecular equilibrium motions shows that states and motions have a hierarchical glass-like structure. PMID:3860839

Ansari, A; Berendzen, J; Bowne, S F; Frauenfelder, H; Iben, I E; Sauke, T B; Shyamsunder, E; Young, R D

1985-01-01

194

Utah State History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Utah State History website casts a broad net when they note that their mission is "to preserve and share the past for a better present and future." As a division of Utah's Department of Community and Culture, they reach out to the public through the work of this site and other entities, including the Utah State Historical Society. On their homepage, visitors will note that the site is divided into six primary sections, including "Program Areas", "Learning & Research", and "Experience History". The "Experience History" area is a good place to start, and visitors can learn about their preservation efforts and also learn about some of Utah's key historic sites. Moving on, the "Learning and Research" area provides timelines of Utah's history, access to a large online archive of photographs, and information on locating cemetery records in the state. Finally, the "Program Areas" section features information about their research center and the Utah State Historical Society and their featured publication, the Utah Historical Quarterly.

195

Variational transition state theory  

SciTech Connect

This research program involves the development of variational transition state theory (VTST) and semiclassical tunneling methods for the calculation of gas-phase reaction rates and selected applications. The applications are selected for their fundamental interest and/or their relevance to combustion.

Truhlar, D.G. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)

1993-12-01

196

United States Department of  

E-print Network

and the Pacific Northwest Research Station. #12;Rural Communities in the Inland Northwest: An Assessment of SmallUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station United 2000 Rural Communities in the Inland Northwest: An Assessment of Small Rural Communities

Brown, Gregory G.

197

United States Department of  

E-print Network

and inland seed sources of Douglas-fir and eight other conifers in the Pacific Slope forests of western and Northwest Regions -- planted and measured seedlings in 100 tests on cleared sites in the Pacific SlopeUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General

Standiford, Richard B.

198

Oregon State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oregon State University (OSU) is located in Corvallis, a community of 53,000 people situated in the heart of the Willamette Valley between Portland and Eugene. Approximately 15,700 undergraduate and 3,400 graduate students, including 2,600 U.S. students of color and 950 international students, are currently enrolled at OSU across 11 academic…

Sanderson, Rebecca A.; Ketcham, Patricia L.

2009-01-01

199

United States Department of  

E-print Network

are thought to contribute to carbon sequestration, including current debates on this topic. The science regarding forestry and carbon sequestration is more advanced and less controversial than that for range, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

200

United States of Agriculture  

E-print Network

. Mitigating old tree mortality in long-unburned, fire- dependent forests: a synthesis. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS Technical Report RMRS-GTR-238 June 2010 Mitigating Old Tree Mortality in Long-Unburned, Fire fires on overstory tree injury and mortality. Only forested ecosystems in the United States

201

State Archaeological Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this conference was on programs and experiences in public archaeological education in the Plains states and immediate neighbors. The contents lists the following papers: (1) "Introduction to the Symposium" (William B. Butler); (2) "Archaeological Educational Programs in Colorado" (Kevin D. Black); (3) "Statewide Archaeological…

Butler, William B., Ed.

202

Research Station United States  

E-print Network

of Agriculture or the Forest Service of any product or service to the exclusion of others that may be suitableNorthern Research Station United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service General Technical logistics and her organizing assistance with this proceedings. The findings and conclusions of each article

203

United States Department of  

E-print Network

by the U.S. Department of Agriculture or the Forest Service of any product or service to the exclusionUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northern Research Station General Technical National Forest Maureen Wakefield ­ SUNY College of Environmental Science & Forestry (conference logistics

204

Solid-State Devices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-study course is designed to familiarize Marine Corps enlisted personnel with the principles of solid-state devices and their functions. The course contains four study units. Each study unit begins with a general objective, which is a statement of what the student should learn from the unit. The study units are divided into numbered work…

Sutliff, Ronald D.; And Others

205

Inferences about mental states.  

PubMed

Human social cognition relies on an ability to predict what others will think, feel or do in novel situations. Research in social neuroscience has consistently observed several brain regions that contribute ubiquitously to these abilities, including medial prefrontal cortex and aspects of lateral and medial parietal cortex. Interestingly, parallel work has suggested that this same network of regions subserves several seemingly distinct phenomena-notably, the abilities to remember the past, imagine the future and visualize spatial layouts-suggesting the existence of a common set of cognitive processes devoted to projecting oneself into worlds that differ mentally, temporally or physically from one's current experience. This use of self-projection to understand others' minds requires perceivers to solve three distinct cognitive challenges: (i) generating a simulated facsimile of one's own hypothetical mental states in a given situation, (ii) suppressing one's own current mental states, and (iii) deciding on the appropriateness of simulated states for understanding a particular other person. The present paper reviews recent psychology and neuroscience research aimed at understanding the underlying mechanisms that allow humans to solve each of these cognitive challenges to use self-projection to predict and understand the mental states of others. PMID:19528012

Mitchell, Jason P

2009-05-12

206

Colorado State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colorado State University (CSU) is located in Fort Collins, which is a midsize city of 134,000 situated in Northern Colorado at the western edge of the Great Plains and at the base of the Rocky Mountains. CSU's total enrollment is approximately 25,000 students. The Division of Student Affairs comprises 30 departments organized into programmatic…

McKelfresh, David A.; Bender, Kim K.

2009-01-01

207

Create Your State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students are often encouraged to work together with their classmates, sometimes with other classes, occasionally with kids at other schools, but rarely with kids across the country. In this article the authors describe the Create Your State project, a collaborative nationwide project inspired by the Texas Chair Project wherein the artist, Damien…

Dunham, Kris; Melvin, Samantha

2011-01-01

208

United States Department of  

E-print Network

include Pinus elliottii, P. echinata, P. palustris, P. patula, P. ponderosa, P. contorta, P. banksiana, P States of Unprocessed Pinus Logs and Chips from Australia #12;66 PEST RISK ASSESSMENT FOR PINUS IMPORTS name of pest--Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) Scientific names of hosts--Pinus spp

209

TRUMAN STATE Spring 2015  

E-print Network

of space. Anything else might be too close. · Smiles ­ Americans, especially women, consider smiling to be polite. Some people might feel like they are being rude if they do not smile. It does not necessarily hands or touch each other while they talk. This is especially true for men in the United States

Gering, Jon C.

210

STATE OF TENNESSEE PROCLAMATION  

E-print Network

STATE OF TENNESSEE PROCLAMATION BY THE GOVERNOR WHEREAS, nationwide approximately 6 million people have developmental disabilities; and WHEREAS, more than 110,000 adults and children in Tennessee have in communities across Tennessee; and WHEREAS, every person, regardless of ability, has valuable strengths

Cui, Yan

211

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, MANAGEMENT/  

E-print Network

of the University's budget allocated to risk management costs decreased from 1.34% to 1.16%, its lowest level sinceCALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT/ ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY ANNUAL REPORT June 2009 OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY RISK MANAGEMENT CP-720 714-278-7346 OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

de Lijser, Peter

212

United States Department of  

E-print Network

to fire management ac- tivities. In fiscal year 1979, the budget item for these activities totaled $216 are an even greater management problem than the budget figures suggest because of the difficulty of predictingUnited States Department of Risk in Fire Management Agriculture Forest Service Pacific

Standiford, Richard B.

213

Emotional state and efficiency  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An investigation was made of the effect of emotional states-negative and positive- on work performance. Data cover intensity of emotional arousal, personality characteristics of person involved, typological features of person's nervous system, emotional stability of person, and past experience of person. Particular attention was given to emotional stress effects on efficiency, given modern working conditions.

Ovchinnikova, O. V.

1973-01-01

214

State Skill Standards: Welding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide occupational skill standards. The standards in this document are for welding programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. The writing team determined that any statewide…

Pointer, Mike; Naylor, Randy; Warden, John; Senek, Gene; Shirley, Charles; Lefcourt, Lew; Munson, Justin; Johnson, Art

2005-01-01

215

United States Department of  

E-print Network

United States Department of Agriculture Common Shrubs of Chaparral Forest Service Pacific staff in 1961. Acknowledgments: The list of people who contributed to this guide is longer than can Program, under joint sponsorship of the Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station

Standiford, Richard B.

216

United States Department of  

E-print Network

produced by ponderosa pine. white fir, Douglas-fir, and incense- cedar. Seedfall ranged from 76 to 40 ofeach species' seed fell within an area llh times the height of the average dominant tree. Overall, seed, with headquarters at Redding, California. A native of Seattle, Washington, he holds bachelor's (Washington State

Standiford, Richard B.

217

FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES  

E-print Network

of the landings, by species Relative value of the landings, by species. Seed oyster fisheryFISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1974 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 68 Prepared by Data Management. These statistics include data on the volume and value of landed catches, employment, quantity of gear operated

218

State Health Profiles, 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Health Statistics offers Excel files of the data used to produce this year's State Health Profiles publications. The files can be downloaded in Excel format and cover a variety of topics in eight categories including Deaths from Injuries, Infectious Diseases, Environmental Health Concerns, and more.

2001-01-01

219

States of Emergency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the stakes and the current economic climate, U.S. higher education officials across the country are stepping up their advocacy efforts, making their voices louder and more persistent than ever. They are vying for the attention of states struggling with increased demands for limited revenues, most choosing to divert dollars from higher…

Mayer, Caroline E.

2012-01-01

220

Quantum state targeting  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a primitive for quantum cryptography that we term 'state targeting'. We show that increasing one's probability of success in this task above a minimum amount implies an unavoidable increase in the probability of a particular kind of failure. This is analogous to the unavoidable disturbance to a quantum state that results from gaining information about its identity, and can be shown to be a purely quantum effect. We solve various optimization problems for state targeting that are useful for the security analysis of two-party cryptographic tasks implemented between remote antagonistic parties. Although we focus on weak coin flipping, the results are significant for other two-party protocols, such as strong coin flipping, partially binding and concealing bit commitment, and bit escrow. Furthermore, the results have significance not only for the traditional notion of security in cryptography, that of restricting a cheater's ability to bias the outcome of the protocol, but also for a different notion of security that arises only in the quantum context, that of cheat sensitivity. Finally, our analysis leads to some interesting secondary results, namely, a generalization of Uhlmann's theorem and an operational interpretation of the fidelity between two mixed states.

Rudolph, Terry [Bell Labs, 600-700 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (United States); Spekkens, Robert W. [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 2Y5 (Canada)

2004-11-01

221

States of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Take a look at a molecular level at what happens in a substance during the three phases of solid, liquid, and gas. Use interactive computer models to trace an atom?s trajectory at a certain physical stage, and investigate how molecular behavior is responsible for the substance?s state.

The Concord Consortium

2011-12-11

222

The Kent State Coverup.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A definitive account of the May 4, 1970 Kent State shootings and the trial that followed is presented by the lawyer who served as chief counsel for the 13 victims. Part One, "The Long Road to the Cleveland Courthouse," provides all the information on the victims, the shootings, and preparation for the trial. Part Two, "At Last, Our Day in Court,"…

Kelner, Joseph; Munves, James

223

Metrication in the States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prompted by the widespread use of the metric system by most major industrial countries of the world, the United States Congress in 1969 initiated the passage of a bill authorizing the research and investigation of metrication to determine the worldwide impact of its use on this country so as to decide which route it should take. Data were obtained…

Council of State Governments, Lexington, KY.

224

State Fair Recipes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the summer continues to wane on, one tradition remains intact throughout much of America: the state fair. Usually the state fair is a place for local residents to showcase their agricultural marvels, and for urbanites to experience a bit of the country life, albeit rather briefly and somewhat voyeuristically. While there may be an uneasy alliance between urbanites and rural denizens during these periods, one thing is for sure: they both love the award-winning eats that are often the highlight of such gatherings. One is certain to find certain specialties at every fair, ranging from the famous scones of the Washington State Fair in Puyallup to the roast corn that may be found at just about every state fair. This website brings all of those award-winning recipes together in one place, as visitors can find recipes for such dishes as beef and cheddar puffs, braised lamb shanks, and down home chicken pot pie. Desserts don't get short thrift here either, as visitors can read the recipes for ginger lime pear pie and many others as well. Finally, visitors can read profiles of the various award-winning cooks and find recipes from 2000 to 2004.

225

Florida State Bowling Team  

E-print Network

successful sports programs on campus and continue to build the legacy of more than 50 years of Florida State on equipment but nothing free. In addition we will continue our involvement with the Applied Sports Psychology and Character. These three words have served as an example of what we strive to achieve at FSU and point the way

Sura, Philip

226

The United States Fisheries  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN your review of the report of the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, you say you are of opinion there is almost no difference between Salmo salar and Salmo quinnat. My friend Prof. Baird sent me his report some time since, and also forwarded several thousand eggs of Salmo quinnat for experiment in the hatching tanks of the

Chas. L. Jackson

1879-01-01

227

Crystalline beam ground state  

SciTech Connect

In order to employ molecular dynamics (MD) methods, commonly used in condensed matter physics, we have derived the equations of motion for a beam of charged particles in the rotating rest frame of the reference particle. We include in the formalism that the particles are confined by the guiding and focusing magnetic fields, and that they are confined in a conducting vacuum pipe while interacting with each other via a Coulomb force. Numerical simulations using MD methods has been performed to obtain the equilibrium crystalline beam structure. The effect of the shearing force, centrifugal force, and azimuthal variation of the focusing strength are investigated. It is found that a constant gradient storage ring can not give a crystalline beam, but that an alternating-gradient (AG) structure can. In such a machine the ground state is, except for one-dimensional (1-D) crystals, time dependent. The ground state is a zero entropy state, despite the time-dependent, periodic variation of the focusing force. The nature of the ground state, similar to that found by Schiffer et al. depends upon the density and the relative focusing strengths in the transverse directions. At low density, the crystal is 1-D. As the density increases, it transforms into various kinds of 2-D and 3-D crystals. If the energy of the beam is higher than the transition energy of the machine, the crystalline structure can not be formed for lack of radial focusing.

Wei, Jie [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Li, Xiao-Ping [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics; Sessler, A.M. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1993-06-11

228

Solid state weld evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theoretical and experimental investigations currently being conducted for diffusion, inertia, and pinch welds are discussed, in conjunction with two physical model types for weld bonds. A model must encompass the causes of defective solid-state welds, the acoustic interaction, and the influence of substrate microstructure. Attention is given to the applicability of acoustic microscopy, in which certain specimen configurations can image

Graham H. Thomas

1993-01-01

229

State Skill Standards: Metalworking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide occupational skill standards. The standards in this document are for metalworking programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. The writing team determined that any…

Pointer, Mike; Naylor, Randy; Warden, John; Senek, Gene; Shirley, Charles; Lefcourt, Lew; Munson, Justin; Johnson, Art

2005-01-01

230

Colorado State Forest Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This public information site from Colorado State University offers sections on managing private and community forests, Colorado wildfires, fire rehabilitation, employment opportunities, and Project Learning Tree, a series of learning modules for K-12 students and educators that address current environmental topics and issues.

2002-10-16

231

FCC State Link  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers interested in telecommunications industry data and trends may download Federal Communications Commission (FCC) reports at the FCC State Link page. Archived documents are arranged by topic and may include specific information such as telephone industry revenues, rates, and market shares.

232

Designing State Aid Formulas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper designs a new equalization-aid formula based on fiscal gaps of local communities. When states are in transition to a new local aid formula, the issue of whether and how to hold existing aid harmless poses a challenge. The authors show that some previous studies and the formulas derived from them give differential weights to existing and…

Zhao, Bo; Bradbury, Katharine

2009-01-01

233

New State of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents how minorities break color barriers in top administrative positions at Pennsylvania institutions. Pennsylvania, the state with the sixth-largest population in the country with more than 12 million people, reportedly has more than 450 public and private colleges, universities and career and technical training schools. "Diverse"…

Ford, William J.

2009-01-01

234

Keystone State of Confusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When high school seniors begin searching for the best school to fit their higher education goals, they may need a road map, tour guide and interpreter to help them sort through Pennsylvania's higher education universe. For sure there are seemingly endless choices--public, private, large, small, urban and rural. The Keystone State boasts nearly 200…

Stuart, Reginald

2009-01-01

235

United States Department of  

E-print Network

achates and its Potential Impact on Spotted Knapweed Nancy Sturdevant, Entomologist USDA Forest Service. Thirteen insects have been released on spotted knapweed in the United States since the early 1970s. Seven of spotted knapweed (Corn et al. 2006). Cyphocleonus achates (Fahraeus) was first introduced into Montana

236

TRUMAN STATE Spring 2015  

E-print Network

drink alcohol. If you are caught drinking under the age of 21, or providing alcohol to underage people SERIOUSLY AND CAN RESULT IN YOU LOSING YOUR LEGAL PERMISSION TO REMAIN IN THE UNITED STATES! · Drinking, you will face very serious legal consequences. · Drinking alcohol in a vehicle or a public space

Gering, Jon C.

237

United States Department of  

E-print Network

. Authors Deborah J. Chavez is a research social scientist, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest ServiceUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station Research Paper PSW-RP-256 May 2008 Forest Service National Forest System Perceptions of Law Enforcement

Standiford, Richard B.

238

STATE/COUNTY BORDERS  

EPA Science Inventory

This data is available for the entire region. The level of detail is primarily suited for region/state/county/basin sized maps. The borders are not accurate enough for small areas like sub-basins and site areas. We use this coverage for general backgrounds and borders only. T...

239

GIARDIASIS IN WASHINGTON STATE  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective was to determine the potential for transmission of giardiasis through approved drinking water supplies in Washington State. The project consisted of five studies: the first was conducted during trapping seasons (1976-1979) and resulted in examining of 656 beaver sto...

240

Solid-State Lighting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Solid-state lighting is a revolutionary technology that uses semiconducting materials to create light while generating almost no heat. This is extremely energy efficient, but until recently has been impractical due to the small amount of light emitted. New developments in light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have reversed this trend, and strong interest has been shown by the US government and many research bodies.A good introduction to the technology can be found at the Lighting Research Center (1). It has a few presentations that demonstrate the implications of solid-state lighting, as well as highlights of various research projects. The Compound Semiconductors Web site (2) is a good news source to learn about current breakthroughs. Abstracts of tutorials and industry outlooks are provided, which describe pure white light LEDs and other emerging technologies. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has a significant research effort in solid state lighting. This presentation (3), given in August 2002, describes the lab's motivation for advancing the technology. In a speech given by US Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham (4), he emphasizes the importance of solid-state lighting to reduce electricity usage. He describes the relationship between LEDs and conventional fluorescent lighting as similar to that between transistors and vacuum tubes. The Office of Building Technology offers this roadmap of lighting technology (5). The report anticipates advances in the industry over the next twenty years, with specific attention to solid state lighting. Another report is from the IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics (6). The authors discuss current trends in high-power LED development and results of the first solid-state lamp that is as intense as Thomas Edison's twenty watt bulb. A recent accomplishment at Sandia National Laboratories is outlined in this article from Lighting.com (7). The "tungsten photonic lattice" is capable of converting heat to visible light and could improve electrical efficiency by over 50 percent. Another efficiency-related news story comes from researchers from a semiconductor company and North Carolina State University (8). Their product reduces the voltage of a high-brightness LED to less than three volts, which was a long standing scientific hurdle.

Leske, Cavin.

2002-01-01

241

Biodiversity laws: State experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Western Governors' Association (WGA) includes both the public lands states with their issues and the plains states, which are 98% privately owned. WGA deals with most legislation affecting biodiversity, whether the effect is direct or tangential. It will probably not be possible, or desirable, for one entity to be in charge of biodiversity conservation. The Endangered Species Act, public lands laws, agricultural laws, water law, environmental laws, and funding legislation all affect biodiversity conservation and the responsibility for it. None of them on their own are enough, and most can cause harmful unintended consequences for biodiversity. The experience of western states in developing consensus principles for reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act provides an example of common-sense ways to improve management of biodiversity, notwithstanding the complexity and large stakes involved. The WGA's proposed changes call for increasing the role of states, streamlining the act, and increasing certainty for landowners and water users. To achieve sustainable conservation for biodiversity, the better question is not “Who is/should be in charge?”, it is “How do we get this done?” To answer this, we need goals, guidance, and bottom lines from federal laws, and management and oversight at the state level, but they all need to support local on-the-ground partnerships. Sustainable conservation requires the active participation of those who live there. WGA's experience in coordinating the Great Plains Partnership as well as its work with watershed efforts shed light on what to expect. Multilevel partnerships are not easy and require a different way of doing business. The ad hoc, sitespecific processes that result do not lend themselves to being legislated, fit into organizational boxes, or scored on a budget sheet. They do require common sense and a longterm perspective.

Clark, Jo

1996-11-01

242

Biodiversity Laws: State Experiences  

PubMed

/ The Western Governors' Association (WGA) includes both the public lands states with their issues and the plains states, which are 98% privately owned. WGA deals with most legislation affecting biodiversity, whether the effect is direct or tangential. It will probably not be possible, or desirable, for one entity to be in charge of biodiversity conservation. The Endangered Species Act, public lands laws, agricultural laws, water law, environmental laws, and funding legislation all affect biodiversity conservation and the responsibility for it. None of them on their own are enough, and most can cause harmful unintended consequences for biodiversity. The experience of western states in developing consensus principles for reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act provides an example of common-sense ways to improve management of biodiversity, notwithstanding the complexity and large stakes involved. The WGA's proposed changes call for increasing the role of states, streamlining the act, and increasing certainty for landowners and water users.To achieve sustainable conservation for biodiversity, the better question is not "Who is/should be in charge?", it is "How do we get this done?" To answer this, we need goals, guidance, and bottom lines from federal laws, and management and oversight at the state level, but they all need to support local on-the-ground partnerships. Sustainable conservation requires the active participation of those who live there. WGA's experience in coordinating the Great Plains Partnership as well as its work with watershed efforts shed light on what to expect. Multilevel partnerships are not easy and require a different way of doing business. The ad hoc, site-specific processes that result do not lend themselves to being legislated, fit into organizational boxes, or scored on a budget sheet. They do require common sense and a long-term perspective.KEY WORDS: Biodiversity; Partnerships; Environmental laws; Endangered Species Act; Conservation; Local empowerment PMID:8895414

CLARK

1996-11-01

243

Which Bipartite States are Lazy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A bipartite state is called lazy if the entropy rate of one subsystem is vanishing for any coupling to the other subsystem. In this paper, we provide a necessary and sufficient condition for a finite-dimensional bipartite state to be lazy, and prove that a two-mode Gaussian state is lazy if and only if it is a direct product state.

Xu, Jianwei

2015-03-01

244

UNC Tomorrow: NC State Response  

E-print Network

collaboration Resources #12;#12;NC State: Response to UNC Tomorrow 1 Introduction North Carolina State with meeting the needs of the people of North Carolina for a "liberal and practical education in the several of North Carolina. As the people and the state of North Carolina have changed, NC State has changed

245

ROUGH FINITE-STATE AUTOMATA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of a rough finite-state semi-automaton, in which the result of any transition is a rough set of states, is formulated and then extended to that of a rough finite-state automaton by adding the set of accepting states. The behavior of such an automaton is defined and turns out to be a rough set of input words.

SUMITA BASU

2005-01-01

246

Michigan: The Great Lakes State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Michigan is often called the "Wolverine State," its more common nickname is the "Great Lakes State." This name comes from the fact that Michigan is the only state in the United States that borders four of the five Great Lakes. Also referred to as the "Water Wonderland," Michigan has 11,000 additional lakes, 36,000 miles of streams, and…

McKay, Sandra Lee; La Luzerne-Oi, Sally

2009-01-01

247

Boise State University Graduate Catalog  

E-print Network

2010-2011 Boise State University Graduate Catalog #12;Welcome from the Graduate Dean To all prospective and continuing graduate students, welcome to Boise State University. The University is a resource for the State of Idaho and for you, the students, who enroll in its programs. Graduate education at Boise State

Barrash, Warren

248

Boise State University Student Handbook  

E-print Network

Boise State University Student Handbook Updated 8/20/2013 #12;Table of Contents Section 1 (page 3 State, Boise State's Statement of Shared Values. Section 2 (page 7) Academic Resources Academic assistance available at Boise State. Section 3 (page 12) Campus Resources/Student Services Services provided

Barrash, Warren

249

Boise State University Student Handbook  

E-print Network

Boise State University Student Handbook 2012 - 2013 Updated 11/28/2012 #12;2 Table of Contents Statement, About Boise State, Boise State's Statement of Shared Values Section 2 (page 7) Academic Resources Academic assistance available at Boise State Section 3 (page 12) Campus Resources/Student Services Services

Barrash, Warren

250

Stabilizer state breeding Erik Hostens,  

E-print Network

#12;#12;Stabilizer state breeding Erik Hostens, Jeroen Dehaene, and Bart De Moor ESAT-SCD, K of any stabilizer state from noisy copies and a pool of predistilled pure copies of the same state communication and quantum cryptography applications, requiring pure multipartite states that are shared by re

251

State Caching Reconsidered Jaco Geldenhuys  

E-print Network

State Caching Reconsidered Jaco Geldenhuys Tampere University of Technology, Institute of Software Systems PO Box 553, FIN-33101 Tampere, FINLAND email: jaco@cs.tut.fi Abstract. State caching makes the full exploration of large state spaces possible by storing only a subset of the reachable states. While

Geldenhuys, Jaco

252

Boise State University Student Handbook  

E-print Network

Boise State University Student Handbook 2013 - 2014 Updated 8/20/2013 #12;Table of Contents Section Statement, About Boise State, Boise State's Statement of Shared Values. Section 2 (page 7) Academic Resources Academic assistance available at Boise State. Section 3 (page 12) Campus Resources

Barrash, Warren

253

State Government Tax Collections: 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The annual Census Bureau report State Government Tax Collections Data by State presents statistics on tax collections for the 50 US state governments in HTML table, ASCII text file, and spreadsheet file formats. According to the 1998 data, individual income taxes and general sales taxes continued to be the mainstay of most state government tax systems last year.

1999-01-01

254

State Energy Program Operations Manual  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Program Operations Manual is a reference tool for the states and the program officials at the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs and Regional Support Offices as well as State Energy Offices. The Manual contains information needed to apply for and administer the State Energy Program, including program history, application rules and requirements, and program administration and monitoring requirements.

Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs

1999-03-17

255

Transition States and transition state analogue interactions with enzymes.  

PubMed

Enzymatic transition states have lifetimes of a few femtoseconds (fs). Computational analysis of enzyme motions leading to transition state formation suggests that local catalytic site motions on the fs time scale provide the mechanism to locate transition states. An experimental test of protein fs motion and its relation to transition state formation can be provided by isotopically heavy proteins. Heavy enzymes have predictable mass-altered bond vibration states without altered electrostatic properties, according to the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. On-enzyme chemistry is slowed in most heavy proteins, consistent with altered protein bond frequencies slowing the search for the transition state. In other heavy enzymes, structural changes involved in reactant binding and release are also influenced. Slow protein motions associated with substrate binding and catalytic site preorganization are essential to allow the subsequent fs motions to locate the transition state and to facilitate the efficient release of products. In the catalytically competent geometry, local groups move in stochastic atomic motion on the fs time scale, within transition state-accessible conformations created by slower protein motions. The fs time scale for the transition state motions does not permit thermodynamic equilibrium between the transition state and stable enzyme states. Isotopically heavy enzymes provide a diagnostic tool for fast coupled protein motions to transition state formation and mass-dependent conformational changes. The binding of transition state analogue inhibitors is the opposite in catalytic time scale to formation of the transition state but is related by similar geometries of the enzyme-transition state and enzyme-inhibitor interactions. While enzymatic transition states have lifetimes as short as 10(-15) s, transition state analogues can bind tightly to enzymes with release rates greater than 10(3) s. Tight-binding transition state analogues stabilize the rare but evolved enzymatic geometry to form the transition state. Evolution to efficient catalysis optimized this geometry and its stabilization by a transition state mimic results in tight binding. Release rates of transition state analogues are orders of magnitude slower than product release in normal catalytic function. During catalysis, product release is facilitated by altered chemistry. Compared to the weak associations found in Michaelis complexes, transition state analogues involve strong interactions related to those in the transition state. Optimum binding of transition state analogues occurs when the complex retains the system motions intrinsic to transition state formation. Conserved dynamic motion retains the entropic components of inhibitor complexes, improving the thermodynamics of analogue binding. PMID:25848811

Schramm, Vern L

2015-04-21

256

Bound States in Graphene  

E-print Network

We present a quantum analysis of the massless excitations in graphene with a charge impurity. When the effective charge exceeds a certain critical value, the spectrum is quantized and is unbounded from below. The corresponding eigenstates are square-integrable at infinity and have a rapidly oscillatory behaviour in the short distance, which can be interpreted as a fall to the centre. Using a cutoff regularization, we show that the effective Coulomb interaction strength is driven to its critical value under the renormalization group flow. In the subcritical region, we find bound states with imaginary values of the energy for certain range of the system parameters. The physical significance of these bound states with imaginary eigenvalues is discussed.

Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

2008-06-03

257

Wyoming State Geological Survey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This agency's mission is to study, examine, and seek an understanding of the geology, mineral resources, and physical features of the State; to prepare, publish, and distribute reports and maps of Wyoming's geology, mineral resources, and physical features; and to provide information, advice, and services related to the geology, mineral resources, and physical features of the State. This site contains details and reports about metals in Wyoming, earthquakes and other hazards, coal, industrial minerals, uranium, oil and gas. The field trip section contains details about various areas to visit with students and gives a general geologic description. There is also a searchable bibliography with publications about Wyoming geology. Links are provided for additional resources.

258

Cutting state identification  

SciTech Connect

Cutting states associated with the orthogonal cutting of stiff cylinders are identified through an analysis of the singular values of a Toeplitz matrix of third order cumulants of acceleration measurements. The ratio of the two pairs of largest singular values is shown to differentiate between light cutting, medium cutting, pre-chatter and chatter states. Sequences of cutting experiments were performed in which either depth of cut or turning frequency was varied. Two sequences of experiments with variable turning frequency and five with variable depth of cut, 42 cutting experiments in all, provided a database for the calculation of third order cumulants. Ratios of singular values of cumulant matrices find application in the analysis of control of orthogonal cutting.

Berger, B.S.; Minis, I.; Rokni, M. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)] [and others

1997-12-31

259

Cutting State Identification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cutting states associated with the orthogonal cutting of stiff cylinders are identified through an analysis of the singular values of a Toeplitz matrix of third order cumulants of acceleration measurements. The ratio of the two pairs of largest singular values is shown to differentiate between light cutting, medium cutting, pre-chatter and chatter states. Sequences of cutting experiments were performed in which either depth of cut or turning frequency was varied. Two sequences of experiments with variable turning frequency and five with variable depth of cut, 42 cutting experiments in all, provided a database for the calculation of third order cumulants. Ratios of singular values of cumulant matrices find application in the analysis and control or orthogonal cutting.

Berger, B. S.; Minis, I.; Rokni, M.; Papadopoulos, M.; Deng, K.; Chavalli, A.

1997-02-01

260

Illinois State Highway Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most states produce detailed road maps for use by their residents, commercial firms, and the curious tourist. This nice collection of Illinois state highway maps is part of the Illinois Digital Archives and it contains dozens of maps dating back to the 1920s. Visitors can start by reading about the history of the covers of these unique items on the homepage. After that, visitors can scan through the high-resolution images here for each map. Users can zoom in and out around each map as they see fit, and there are some nice tools here for rotating the maps as well. It's a great way to learn about the expansion of the road system in Illinois over the decades, and students of the Land of Lincoln will find it most enjoyable. [KMG

261

Quasinuclear N N states  

SciTech Connect

We present an interpretation of recent experimental results on nucleon-anti-nucleon annihilation reactions of the type N{bar N} {yields} {pi}X, which have yielded evidence for a new tensor meson AX (here called X{sub 2}) with J{pi}{sup C}(I{sup G}) = 2{sup ++}(0{sup +}). The branching ratios for producing X{sub 2} from N{bar N} atomic states of orbital angular momentum L = 0,1, as well as its preference for decay into {rho}{rho} and {pi}{pi} rather than K{bar K} channels, are consistent with the identifications of X{sub 2} as a {sup 13}P{sub 2}{minus}{sup 13}F{sub 2} bound state of the N{bar N} potential. We suggest further key test of this interpretation. 21 refs.

Dover, C.B.

1991-06-01

262

Solid State Laser  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Titan-CW Ti:sapphire (titanium-doped sapphire) tunable laser is an innovation in solid-state laser technology jointly developed by the Research and Solid State Laser Divisions of Schwartz Electro-optics, Inc. (SEO). SEO is producing the laser for the commercial market, an outgrowth of a program sponsored by Langley Research Center to develop Ti:sapphire technology for space use. SEO's Titan-CW series of Ti:sapphire tunable lasers have applicability in analytical equipment designed for qualitative analysis of carbohydrates and proteins, structural analysis of water, starch/sugar analyses, and measurements of salt in meat. Further applications are expected in semiconductor manufacture, in medicine for diagnosis and therapy, and in biochemistry.

1990-01-01

263

State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Tax Incentives  

SciTech Connect

As a policy tool, state tax incentives can be structured to help states meet clean energy goals. Policymakers often use state tax incentives in concert with state and federal policies to support renewable energy deployment or reduce market barriers. This analysis used case studies of four states to assess the contributions of state tax incentives to the development of renewable energy markets. State tax incentives that are appropriately paired with complementary state and federal policies generally provide viable mechanisms to support renewable energy deployment. However, challenges to successful implementation of state tax incentives include serving project owners with limited state tax liability, assessing appropriate incentive levels, and differentiating levels of incentives for technologies with different costs. Additionally, state tax incentives may result in moderately higher federal tax burdens. These challenges notwithstanding, state tax incentives that consider certain policy design characteristics can support renewable energy markets and state clean energy goals.The scale of their impact though is directly related to the degree to which they support the renewable energy markets for targeted sectors and technologies. This report highlights important policy design considerations for policymakers using state tax incentives to meet clean energy goals.

Lantz, E.; Doris, E.

2009-10-01

264

Linearly independent pure-state decomposition and quantum state discrimination  

SciTech Connect

We put the pure-state decomposition mathematical property of a mixed state to a physical test. We present a protocol for preparing two known nonorthogonal quantum states with well-defined a priori probabilities. Hence we characterize all the possible decompositions of a rank-two mixed state by means of the complex overlap between the two involved states. The physical test proposes a scheme for quantum state recognition of one of the two linearly independent states that arise from the decomposition. We find that the two states associated with the balanced pure-state decomposition have the smaller overlap modulus and therefore the smallest probability of being discriminated conclusively, while in the nonconclusive process they have the highest probability of having an error. In addition, we design an experimental scheme that allows discriminating conclusively and optimally two nonorthogonal states prepared with different a priori probabilities. Thus we propose a physical implementation for this linearly independent pure-state decomposition and state discrimination test by using twin photons generated in the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion. The information state is encoded in a one-photon polarization state, whereas the second single photon is used for heralded detection.

Roa, Luis; Alid-Vaccarezza, M.; Maldonado-Trapp, A. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion (Chile)

2011-08-15

265

Solid-state fermentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solid-state fermentation has emerged as a potential technology for the production of microbial products such as feed, fuel, food, industrial chemicals and pharmaceutical products. Its application in bioprocesses such as bioleaching, biobeneficiation, bioremediation, biopulping, etc. has offered several advantages. Utilisation of agro-industrial residues as substrates in SSF processes provides an alternative avenue and value-addition to these otherwise under- or non-utilised

Ashok Pandey

2003-01-01

266

United States crustal thickness  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The thickness of the crust, the thickness of the basal (intermediate or lower) crustal layer, and the average velocity at the top of the mantle have been mapped using all available deep-penetrating seismic-refraction profiles in the conterminous United States and surrounding border areas. These profiles are indexed to their literature data sources. The more significant long wavelength anomalies on the three maps are briefly discussed and analyzed. An attempt to use Bouguer gravity to validate mantle structure was inconclusive.

Allenby, R. J.; Schnetzler, C. C.

1983-01-01

267

The Pervasive Plasma State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site by the Division of Plasma Physics of the American Physical Society explores plasma, a state of matter that blankets the Earth as a result of solar winds. Pictures and text are used to convey the significance and commonplace use of plasmas in society. Information provided by the site includes understanding plasmas, commercial applications, plasma in space, the future of plasma use, and more.

Berk, Herbert L.

268

Virginia State Climatology Office  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A constituent of the University of Virginia, the Virginia State Climatology Office provides information on the atmospheric environment and analyzes the effects weather and climate have on the economic and ecologic systems. Researchers can find information on how to obtain climate and weather data and can view meteorological maps as well as links to various radar and satellite images. Students can learn about Virginia's climate and its prominent weather systems. Virginia residents will value the site for its forecasts and advisories.

269

Tunable solid state lasers  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the papers given at a conference on solid state lasers. Topics considered at the conference included transition-metal-doped lasers, line-narrowed alexandrite lasers, NASA specification, meteorological lidars, laser materials spectroscopy, laser pumped single pass gain, vibronic laser materials growth, crystal growth methods, vibronic laser theory, cross-fertilization through interdisciplinary fields, and laser action of color centers in diamonds.

Hammerling, R.; Budgor, A.B.; Pinto, A.

1985-01-01

270

OklahomaState  

Cancer.gov

DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY is inviting applications for two full-time, Assistant Professor, tenure track positions in Quantitative Psychology and Clinical Health Psychology or Behavior Medicine beginning August, 2015. Candidates are expected to have a strong background in and dedication to scholarly activity, and to interact well with colleagues and students. They must also demonstrate the capacity to maintain a high quality research program leading to scholarly productivity in the form of professional publications, presentations, and grantsmanship.

271

Solid state lithium cell  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed is a solid state lithium cell comprising layers of a cathode-active material, a solid electrolyte, and an anode-active material consisting of lithium metal, which are arranged in this order, which is characterized in that said cathode-active material is a solid solution composed of lead iodide and at least one element selected from the group consisting of bismuth, antimony, thallium, indium and gallium and iodides thereof.

Imai, A.; Matake, S.

1983-09-13

272

United States earthquakes, 1984  

SciTech Connect

The report contains information for eartthquakes in the 50 states and Puerto Rico and the area near their shorelines. The data consist of earthquake locations (date, time, geographic coordinates, depth, and magnitudes), intensities, macroseismic information, and isoseismal and seismicity maps. Also, included are sections detailing the activity of seismic networks operated by universities and other government agencies and a list of results form strong-motion seismograph records.

Stover, C.W.

1988-01-01

273

Drought in Your State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is part of Planet Diary and is an online exploration of droughts in the twentieth century. Students each choose a state to investigate and compare the actual Palmer Drought Severity Index (PSDI) for years 1895 to the present, with the reconstructed measurements for 1700 to 1895. Using this information students report on any trends in droughts for the area they study. This activity has an accompanying page with links for more information.

274

Penn State Geography Department  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pennsylvania State University offers B.S., B.A., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in Geography. The faculty encourage students to arrange courses of study appropriate to their individual needs and aspirations. Programs in geography may be directed toward a career in public service, teaching and research, private industry, or one of the many other vocational opportunities open to geographers.

275

Reasons of state  

SciTech Connect

This editor's note is concerned with historical aspects of the Soviet Union's nuclear weapons program. Noted in the article is the viewpoint of Yuli Khariton, who has been speaking out lately in an attempt to set the record straight regarding the early years of the weapons program. Stories told by Andrei Sakharov are included to ultimately make the point that history teaches many lessons, not the least of which is that many crimes are committed by reasons of state.

Moore, M.

1993-05-01

276

State complexity and quantum computation  

E-print Network

The complexity of a quantum state may be closely related to the usefulness of the state for quantum computation. We discuss this link using the tree size of a multiqubit state, a complexity measure that has two noticeable (and, so far, unique) features: it is in principle computable, and non-trivial lower bounds can be obtained, hence identifying truly complex states. In this paper, we first review the definition of tree size, together with known results on the most complex three and four qubits states. Moving to the multiqubit case, we revisit a mathematical theorem for proving a lower bound on tree size that scales superpolynomially in the number of qubits. Next, states with superpolynomial tree size, the Immanant states, the Deutsch-Jozsa states, the Shor's states and the subgroup states, are described. We showed that the universal resource state for measurement based quantum computation, the 2D-cluster state, has superpolynomial tree size. Moreover, we showed how the complexity of subgroup states and the 2D cluster state can be verified efficiently. The question of how tree size is related to the speed up achieved in quantum computation is also addressed. We show that superpolynomial tree size of the resource state is essential for measurement based quantum computation. The necessary role of large tree size in the circuit model of quantum computation is still a conjecture; and we prove a weaker version of the conjecture.

Yu Cai; Huy Nguyen Le; Valerio Scarani

2015-03-13

277

Coal and the state  

SciTech Connect

In the early 1980's coal became Australia's most important export. Australia became the largest seaborne exporter of coal in the world. Massive new investment flowed into mining and infrastructure projects and coal became a key element in Australia's relations with other countries. Yet in 1946 the coal mining industry was in a state of chaos, unable to meet even domestic demand. This book investigates the reasons for this extraordinary turnaround. Part of the reason lies in government intervention since 1946 which helped achieve an economic, sociological and psychological restructuring of the coalfields and their communities. The book also examines the limits to State control. Although the New South Wales Joint Coal Board acquired and exercised great control, the miners retained effective workplace control, successfully resisted complete proletarianization and were able to use the devices of direct action and bargaining to circumvent and challenge arbitral control. The development of the export trade and the rise of Queensland's coal industry also limited what the State could do.

Fisher, C.

1987-01-01

278

Iowa State University Extension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Iowa State University Extension, like many state university extension services, concerns itself with almost every aspect of life a person will encounter from birth to death. Even though this website is geared towards Iowans and the unique problems and opportunities they face living in a heavily rural state, this website has a lot of practical research-based information that would be helpful to people living elsewhere as well. For visitors who want to learn more about Iowa, this website will give them a unique perspective. Visitors shouldn't miss the Extension's newly launched interactive learning website by clicking on "Check ISU's Extension's Managing Tough Times Website" on the homepage. The categories covered are "Families and Households", "Businesses and Communities Surviving Economic Uncertainty" and "Farming in Today's Changing Economy". For community information, visitors should check out the Extension Information heading on the left side of the home page. Links to "Disaster Recovery", "Hotlines," "Markets", "Publications" and "Weather" are available, where visitors can listen to the latest futures market report, watch segments of a video conference on flood recovery, and find numbers for hotlines concerning teens, new farmers, horticulture and problem gambling. There are numerous publications that are available from the Extension, some of which can be purchased as hard copies and some of which can be downloaded for free. Visitors can click on the "Publications" on the left side of the page, under the "Extension Information" heading.

279

Reflecting Magnon Bound States  

E-print Network

In N=4 super Yang-Mills spin chain, we compute reflection amplitudes of magnon bound-state off giant graviton. We first compute the reflection amplitude off Y=0 brane boundary and compare it with the scattering amplitude between two magnon bound-states in the bulk. We find that analytic structure of the two amplitudes are intimately related each other: the boundary reflection amplitude is a square-root of the bulk scattering amplitude. Using such relation as a guide and taking known results at weak and strong coupling limits as inputs, we find the reflection amplitude of an elementary magnon off Z=0 giant graviton boundary. The reflection phase factor is shown to solve crossing and unitarity relations. We then compute the reflection amplitude of magnon bound-state off the Z=0 brane boundary and observe that its analytic structures are again intimately related to the bulk scattering and the Y=0 boundary reflection amplitudes. We also take dyonic giant magnon limit of these reflection amplitudes and confirm that their phase-shifts agree completely with string worldsheet computations based on complex sine-Gordon soliton scattering.

Changrim Ahn; Dongsu Bak; Soo-Jong Rey

2008-02-16

280

GLSEN's State of the States: How One Seattle Educator Gets an "A" in a Failing State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network's (GLSEN) report "State of the States: A policy analysis of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) safer schools issues" presents a thorough and comprehensive analysis of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. State grading is based on five categories, which include the existence and…

Vaught, Sabina Elena

2005-01-01

281

Parameter and state estimator for state space models.  

PubMed

This paper proposes a parameter and state estimator for canonical state space systems from measured input-output data. The key is to solve the system state from the state equation and to substitute it into the output equation, eliminating the state variables, and the resulting equation contains only the system inputs and outputs, and to derive a least squares parameter identification algorithm. Furthermore, the system states are computed from the estimated parameters and the input-output data. Convergence analysis using the martingale convergence theorem indicates that the parameter estimates converge to their true values. Finally, an illustrative example is provided to show that the proposed algorithm is effective. PMID:24723791

Ding, Ruifeng; Zhuang, Linfan

2014-01-01

282

The bursting state fiscal bubble and state Medicaid budgets.  

PubMed

States make policy choices about Medicaid eligibility, benefits, and reimbursement rates in the context of the larger state fiscal environment. This paper reviews the factors that made this environment so favorable in the 1990s and examines the state budget outlook. State tax revenue is likely to grow more slowly in this decade than in the last, states will face continued substantial pressures to finance K-12 and higher education, and Medicaid spending has accelerated. States will have to curtail the growth of Medicaid, raise revenue, or constrain growth in education spending to maintain balanced budgets. PMID:12528838

Boyd, Donald J

2003-01-01

283

Orbital State Uncertainty Realism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fundamental to the success of the space situational awareness (SSA) mission is the rigorous inclusion of uncertainty in the space surveillance network. The *proper characterization of uncertainty* in the orbital state of a space object is a common requirement to many SSA functions including tracking and data association, resolution of uncorrelated tracks (UCTs), conjunction analysis and probability of collision, sensor resource management, and anomaly detection. While tracking environments, such as air and missile defense, make extensive use of Gaussian and local linearity assumptions within algorithms for uncertainty management, space surveillance is inherently different due to long time gaps between updates, high misdetection rates, nonlinear and non-conservative dynamics, and non-Gaussian phenomena. The latter implies that "covariance realism" is not always sufficient. SSA also requires "uncertainty realism"; the proper characterization of both the state and covariance and all non-zero higher-order cumulants. In other words, a proper characterization of a space object's full state *probability density function (PDF)* is required. In order to provide a more statistically rigorous treatment of uncertainty in the space surveillance tracking environment and to better support the aforementioned SSA functions, a new class of multivariate PDFs are formulated which more accurately characterize the uncertainty of a space object's state or orbit. The new distribution contains a parameter set controlling the higher-order cumulants which gives the level sets a distinctive "banana" or "boomerang" shape and degenerates to a Gaussian in a suitable limit. Using the new class of PDFs within the general Bayesian nonlinear filter, the resulting filter prediction step (i.e., uncertainty propagation) is shown to have the *same computational cost as the traditional unscented Kalman filter* with the former able to maintain a proper characterization of the uncertainty for up to *ten times as long* as the latter. The filter correction step also furnishes a statistically rigorous *prediction error* which appears in the likelihood ratios for scoring the association of one report or observation to another. Thus, the new filter can be used to support multi-target tracking within a general multiple hypothesis tracking framework. Additionally, the new distribution admits a distance metric which extends the classical Mahalanobis distance (chi^2 statistic). This metric provides a test for statistical significance and facilitates single-frame data association methods with the potential to easily extend the covariance-based track association algorithm of Hill, Sabol, and Alfriend. The filtering, data fusion, and association methods using the new class of orbital state PDFs are shown to be mathematically tractable and operationally viable.

Horwood, J.; Poore, A. B.

2012-09-01

284

Southern States` Routing Agency Report  

SciTech Connect

The Southern States` Routing Agency Report is a compendium of 16-southern states` routing programs and authorities for high-level radioactive materials transportation. The report includes the identification of each state`s designated routing agency and state legislation and regulations pertaining specifically to the shipment routing of high-level radioactive materials. Using information collected and compiled by the Hazardous Materials Information Group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the report also addresses local government routing restrictions for high-level radioactive materials transportation. Whether local or state routing restrictions have been legally challenged and found to be inconsistent and preempted by the federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Act of 1974 (49 App. USC. 1801 et seq.) is noted. Finally, the state agency and contact designated by each state`s governor to receive advance notification and shipment routing information under 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 71 and 73 is listed.

Not Available

1988-02-01

285

STATE OF THE STATES: FUEL CELLS IN AMERICA  

E-print Network

was collected from public records, websites and contact with state and industry representatives as of June 2011. These contracts also allow nontaxable entities ­ such as nonprofit organizations, state universities

286

State Energy Alternatives: Alternative Energy Resources by State  

DOE Data Explorer

This U.S. map provides state by state information on incentives and laws related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles. Discover what's available in each state for innovation grants, infrastructure grants, and production grants and who to contact. Find out how many alternative refueling stations are available in each state and where they are. Tennessee, for example, in 2009, has 114 alternative refueling stations: 36 biodiesel, 1 electrical, 29 ethanol, 4 natural gas, and 44 propane. There are also 5 Truck Stop Electrification (TSE) sites in Tennessee. Users can also find out from this map interface the contacts for Clean Cities in a state, information about renewable energy projects and activities in each state, fuel prices across a state, and biomass potential resources and current production in each state.

287

Federation of State Medical Boards of the United States  

MedlinePLUS

... would streamline physician licensing Learn More . FSMB and state medical boards working together to protect the public ... Center » Entity Connect » Residency Records The Federation of State Medical Boards Representing the 70 medical boards of ...

288

Cluster-state creation in liquid-state NMR  

E-print Network

The subject of this thesis is devoted to a class of multiparticle entangled states known as the cluster-states. In particular, we focused on a system of four spins and studied the entanglement properties of a four-qubit ...

Choy, Jennifer T

2007-01-01

289

Cluster-state quantum computation  

E-print Network

This article is a short introduction to and review of the cluster-state model of quantum computation, in which coherent quantum information processing is accomplished via a sequence of single-qubit measurements applied to a fixed quantum state known as a cluster state. We also discuss a few novel properties of the model, including a proof that the cluster state cannot occur as the exact ground state of any naturally occurring physical system, and a proof that measurements on any quantum state which is linearly prepared in one dimension can be efficiently simulated on a classical computer, and thus are not candidates for use as a substrate for quantum computation.

Michael A. Nielsen

2005-07-01

290

The most energetic passive states  

E-print Network

Passive states are defined as those states that do not allow for work extraction in a cyclic (unitary) process. Within the set of passive states, thermal states are the most stable ones: they maximize the entropy for a given energy, and similarly they minimize the energy for a given entropy. In this article we find the passive states lying in the other extreme, i.e., those that maximize the energy for a given entropy, which we show also minimize the entropy when the energy is fixed. These extremal properties make these states useful to obtain fundamental bounds for the thermodynamics of finite dimensional quantum systems, which we show in several scenarios.

Martí Perarnau-Llobet; Karen V. Hovhannisyan; Marcus Huber; Paul Skrzypczyk; Jordi Tura; Antonio Acín

2015-02-25

291

Southern States` Routing Agency Report  

SciTech Connect

The Southern States` Routing Agency Report is a compendium of 16-southern states` routing program for the transportation of high-level radioactive materials. The report identifies the state-designated routing agencies as defined under 49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 171 and provides a reference to the source and scope of the agencies` rulemaking authority. Additionally, the state agency and contact designated by the state`s governor to receive advance notification and shipment routing information under 10 CFR Parts 71 and 73 are also listed.

Not Available

1990-03-01

292

Realizing Controllable Quantum States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. Entanglement in solid states. Orbital entanglement and violation of bell inequalities in mesoscopic conductors / M. Büttiker, P. Samuelsson and E. V. Sukhoruk. Teleportation of electron spins with normal and superconducting dots / O. Sauret, D. Feinberg and T. Martin. Entangled state analysis for one-dimensional quantum spin system: singularity at critical point / A. Kawaguchi and K. Shimizu. Detecting crossed Andreev reflection by cross-current correlations / G. Bignon et al. Current correlations and transmission probabilities for a Y-shaped diffusive conductor / S. K. Yip -- 2. Mesoscopic electronics. Quantum bistability, structural transformation, and spontaneous persistent currents in mesoscopic Aharonov-Bohm loops / I. O. Kulik. Many-body effects on tunneling of electrons in magnetic-field-induced quasi one-dimensional systems in quantum wells / T. Kubo and Y. Tokura. Electron transport in 2DEG narrow channel under gradient magnetic field / M. Hara et al. Transport properties of a quantum wire with a side-coupled quantum dot / M. Yamaguchi et al. Photoconductivity- and magneto-transport studies of single InAs quantum wires / A. Wirthmann et al. Thermoelectric transports in charge-density-wave systems / H. Yoshimoto and S. Kurihara -- 3. Mesoscopic superconductivity. Parity-restricted persistent currents in SNS nanorings / A. D. Zaikin and S. V. Sharov. Large energy dependence of current noise in superconductingh/normal metal junctions / F. Pistolesi and M. Houzet. Generation of photon number states and their superpositions using a superconducting qubit in a microcavity / Yu-Xi Liu, L. F. Wei and F. Nori. Andreev interferometry for pumped currents / F. Taddei, M. Governale and R. Fazio. Suppression of Cooper-pair breaking against high magnetic fields in carbon nanotubes / J. Haruyama et al. Impact of the transport supercurrent on the Josephson effect / S. N. Shevchenko. Josephson current through spin-polarized Luttinger liquid / N. Yokoshi and S. Kurihara -- 4. Mesoscopic superconductivity with unconventional superconductor or ferromagnet. Ultraefficient microrefrigerators realized with ferromagnet-superconductor junctions / F. Giazotto et al. Anomalous charge transport in triplet superconductor junctions by the synergy effect of the proximity effect and the mid gap Andreev resonant states / Y. Tanaka and S. Kashiwaya. Paramagnetic and glass states in superconductive YBa[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] ceramics of sub-micron scale grains / H. Deguchi et al. Quantum properties of single-domain triplet superconductors / A. M. Gulian and K. S. Wood. A numerical study of Josephson current in p wave superconducting junctions / Y. Asano et al. Tilted bi-crystal sapphire substrates improve properties of grain boundary YBa[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] junctions and extend their Josephson response to THZ frequencies / E. Stepantsov et al. Circuit theory analysis of AB-plane tunnel junctions of unconventional superconductor Bi[symbol]Sr[symbol]Ca[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] / I. Shigeta et al. Transport properties of normal metal/anisotropic superconductor junctions in the eutectic system Sr[symbol]RuO[symbol]Ru / M. Kawamura et al. Macroscopic quantum tunneling in d-wave superconductor Josephson / S. Kawabata et al. Quasiparticle states of high-T[symbol] oxides observed by a Zeeman magnetic field response / S. Kashiwaya et al. Experimentally realizable devices for controlling the motion of magnetic flux quanta in anisotropic superconductors: vortex lenses, vortex diodes and vortex pumps / S. Savel'ev and F. Nori. Stability of vortex-antivortex "molecules" in mesoscopic superconducting triangles / V. R. Misko et al. Superconducting network with magnetic decoration - Hofstadter butterfly in spatially modulated magnetic field / Y. Iye et al. Observation of paramagnetic supercurrent in mesoscopic superconducting rings and disks using multiple-small-tunnel-junction method / A. Kanda et al. Guidance of vortices in high-T[stmbol] superconducting thin films with special arrangements of antidots / R. Wöerdenweber, P. Dymashevsk

Takayanagi, Hideaki; Nitta, Junsaku

293

Distilling one-qubit magic states into Toffoli states  

E-print Network

For certain quantum architectures and algorithms, most of the required resources are consumed during the distillation of one-qubit magic states for use in performing Toffoli gates. I show that the overhead for magic-state distillation can be reduced by merging distillation with the implementation of Toffoli gates. The resulting routine distills 8 one-qubit magic states directly to a Toffoli state, which can be used without further magic to perform a Toffoli gate.

Bryan Eastin

2013-02-21

294

SF State Attrition Study, October 2012 SF State Attrition Study  

E-print Network

SF State Attrition Study, October 2012 Page 1 October 2012 SF State Attrition Study Fall 2005 Full s t i t u t i o n a l R e s e a r c h · a i r . s f s u . e d u #12;SF State Attrition Study, October-Graduating Students' Last Semester Attended by Demographic Category #12;SF State Attrition Study, October 2012 Page 3

295

2013 North Dakota State Baseball Winnipeg at North Dakota State  

E-print Network

2013 North Dakota State Baseball Winnipeg at North Dakota State Apr 30, 2013 at Fargo, ND (Newman 0 0 0 0 0 0 .286 Totals 39 6 11 6 8 13 24 10 14 North Dakota State 7 (18-17) Player ab r h rbi bb so 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 0 0 6 11 2 North Dakota State 1 0 1 1 2 2 0 0 X 7 13 1 E - Zamko(2); Gaunt(5

Martin, Jeff

296

Solid state thermal engine  

SciTech Connect

An improved solid state thermal engine utilizes as a drive member a braided belt fabricated from a memory alloy such as nickel-titanium and nickel-titanium ternary alloys, copper-zinc and copper-zinc ternary alloys, and the like. The braided belt is mounted on a set of pulleys to provide passage through a hot zone where the belt contracts and develops tension, and through a cold zone where it relaxes and stretches. Since more energy is delivered by contraction than is required for relaxation, positive work output results with an efficiency of between onefifth and one-third of the carnot cycle.

Wayman, C.M.

1981-01-27

297

Solid state optical microscope  

DOEpatents

A solid state optical microscope wherein wide-field and high-resolution images of an object are produced at a rapid rate by utilizing conventional optics with a charge-coupled photodiode array. A galvanometer scanning mirror, for scanning in one of two orthogonal directions is provided, while the charge-coupled photodiode array scans in the other orthogonal direction. Illumination light from the object is incident upon the photodiodes, creating packets of electrons (signals) which are representative of the illuminated object. The signals are then processed, stored in a memory, and finally displayed as a video signal. 2 figs.

Young, I.T.

1983-08-09

298

Living State Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Vanderbilt University's Living State Physics group combines physics and biomedical research in order to increase knowledge of biological systems and phenomena. After learning how physics can enhance the fields of medicine and biology, users can discover the group's greatest accomplishments for the past twenty years in topics such as Non Destructive Evaluation, Biomagnetics, and Cardiophysics. Researchers can learn the details of the group's Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID). The expansive website features information and helpful figures about its many physics research projects in cardiac electrodynamics and gastrointestinal smooth muscle. Those interested can also find out about employment opportunities.

299

Solid state optical microscope  

DOEpatents

A solid state optical microscope wherein wide-field and high-resolution images of an object are produced at a rapid rate by utilizing conventional optics with a charge-coupled photodiode array. A galvanometer scanning mirror, for scanning in one of two orthogonal directions is provided, while the charge-coupled photodiode array scans in the other orthogonal direction. Illumination light from the object is incident upon the photodiodes, creating packets of electrons (signals) which are representative of the illuminated object. The signals are then processed, stored in a memory, and finally displayed as a video signal.

Young, Ian T. (Pleasanton, CA)

1983-01-01

300

Generalized states in SFT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory ŕ la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

Bonora, L.; Giaccari, S.

2013-12-01

301

Generalized states in SFT  

E-print Network

The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \\`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

Bonora, Loriano

2013-01-01

302

Generalized states in SFT  

E-print Network

The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \\`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

Loriano Bonora; Stefano Giaccari

2013-10-18

303

Thermodynamics of stationary states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the study of nonequilibrium phenomena, improving on near-equilibrium linear approximations has long been a major goal. Over the past ten years, in collaboration with Bertini, De Sole, Gabrielli and Landim, we developed a general approach to nonequilibrium diffusive systems known as Macroscopic Fluctuation Theory, making some progress in this direction. Our theory has been inspired by stochastic models of interacting particles (stochastic lattice gases). It is based on the study of rare fluctuations of macroscopic variables in stationary states and leads to interesting new results and predictions. This paper gives a compact presentation of the theory with some applications.

Jona-Lasinio, Giovanni

2014-02-01

304

State of the Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The report finds that while "the booming national economy and the growth of high-tech jobs have helped reverse decades of decline in America's cities," the "digital divide" continues to make itself felt as the number of high-tech jobs is growing 30 percent faster in the suburbs than urban areas. In addition, housing prices have risen at twice the rate of inflation, worsening an affordable housing shortage. See also the New Data section in this report for a review of the State of the Cities Data System, 2000.

2000-01-01

305

Illinois State Geological Survey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Illinois State Geological Survey (ISGS) homepage provides information on geologic mapping, earthquakes, fossils, groundwater, wetlands, glacial geology, bedrock geology, and Lake Michigan geology. Educational materials include field trip guides, short publications on Illinois geology for students and teachers, online tours, single-page maps, and a geologic column. Other materials include databases and collections of GIS data, well records, drill cores, and mining information; a bibliography of Illinois geology; online maps and data; and information on water and land use, resource development, and geologic hazards.

306

Illinois State University Planetarium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this website, visitors can discover the Illinois State University (ISU) Planetarium, which was created to provide a popular form of enriching entertainment, facilitate university-community relation, and recruit potential students. For astronomers, the website features a useful celestial events calendar updated at the end of each month. Educators can learn about the many programs ISU Planetarium offers for preschool through high school students. Users can learn about ISU's facilities, capabilities, and services. The website also provides links to an astronomy club, and many amateur astronomy websites.

307

Paraboson coherent states  

SciTech Connect

It is known that the defining relations of the orthosymplectic Lie superalgebra osp(1 | 2n) are equivalent to the defining (triple) relations of n pairs of paraboson operators b{sub i}{sup {+-}.} In particular, the 'parabosons of order p' correspond to a unitary irreducible (infinite-dimensional) lowest weight representation V(p) of osp(1 | 2n). Recently we constructed these representations V(p) giving the explicit actions of the osp(1 | 2n) generators. We apply these results for the n = 2 case in order to obtain 'coherent state' representations of the paraboson operators.

Chakrabarti, R. [University of Madras, Department of Theoretical Physics (India); Stoilova, N. I.; Van der Jeugt, J., E-mail: joris.vanderjeugt@ugent.b [Ghent University, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science (Belgium)

2010-02-15

308

Solid state oxygen sensor  

DOEpatents

Solid state oxygen sensors are provided with a yttria-doped zirconia as an electrolyte and use the electrochemical oxygen pumping of the zirconia electrolyte. A linear relationship between oxygen concentration and the voltage arising at a current plateau occurs when oxygen accessing the electrolyte is limited by a diffusion barrier. A diffusion barrier is formed herein with a mixed electronic and oxygen ion-conducting membrane of lanthanum-containing perovskite or zirconia-containing fluorite. A heater may be used to maintain an adequate oxygen diffusion coefficient in the mixed conducting layer. 4 figs.

Garzon, F.H.; Chung, B.W.; Raistrick, I.D.; Brosha, E.L.

1996-08-06

309

Solid state oxygen sensor  

DOEpatents

Solid state oxygen sensors are provided with a yttria-doped zirconia as an electrolyte and use the electrochemical oxygen pumping of the zirconia electrolyte. A linear relationship between oxygen concentration and the voltage arising at a current plateau occurs when oxygen accessing the electrolyte is limited by a diffusion barrier. A diffusion barrier is formed herein with a mixed electronic and oxygen ion-conducting membrane of lanthanum-containing perovskite or zirconia-containing fluorite. A heater may be used to maintain an adequate oxygen diffusion coefficient in the mixed conducting layer.

Garzon, Fernando H. (Sante Fe, NM); Chung, Brandon W. (Los Alamos, NM); Raistrick, Ian D. (Los Alamos, NM); Brosha, Eric L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1996-01-01

310

Chico State Herbarium Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 88,000 mounted and dried specimens, the "Biological Sciences Herbarium at California State University, Chico is the most complete repository of plant specimens from northeastern California. The emphasis is on the local flora, and includes a number of rare, threatened, and endangered plant species." Samples in the Herbarium include ferns, conifers, flowering plants, lichens, bryophytes, and slime molds. The Herbarium Database is still adding specimen label information. The Database includes search fields for Genus, Species, and Subspecies. All higher academic institutions are eligible for specimen loans from the Herbarium.

311

United States Climate Normals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Climate Data Center has recently released weather data from the last thirty years, which is used by forecasters to compare day-to-day normal conditions. The daily and monthly reports are available for download in ASCII or PDF formats and include data on such things as average daily temperatures and precipitation from nearly 8,000 weather stations in the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Pacific Islands. Everyone from researchers to those users interested in weather in their hometown will find the information provided valuable.

Ross, Douglas P.

2002-01-01

312

Education in the States. Volume I: State Education Indicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report represents the beginning of an effort by chief state school officers to compile information systematically on the states' educational programs and to report that information regularly to the public and their policymakers. This year, the report emphasizes demographic and fiscal background information bearing on the states' education…

Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC.

313

Joint remote state preparation for two-qubit equatorial states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we propose a protocol of joint remote state preparation of an equatorial two-qubit pure quantum state using GHZ states, performing projective measurements and appropriate unitary operations. The probability of success of our scheme is shown to increase if one of the parties holding the partial information transmits the information classically to the receiver.

Choudhury, Binayak S.; Dhara, Arpan

2015-01-01

314

Towards State Update Axioms: Reifying Successor State Axioms  

E-print Network

Towards State Update Axioms: Reifying Successor State Axioms Michael Thielscher Dresden University state axioms are an optimal solution to the famous Frame Problem in reasoning about actions--but only of reification to these axioms, one can achieve gradual improve- ment regarding the inferential aspect without

Thielscher, Michael

315

State Inference in Variational Bayesian Nonlinear State-Space Models  

E-print Network

, Antti Honkela, and Juha Karhunen Helsinki University of Technology, Neural Networks Research Centre, PState Inference in Variational Bayesian Nonlinear State-Space Models Tapani Raiko, Matti Tornio.karhunen}@hut.fi Abstract. Nonlinear source separation can be performed by inferring the state of a nonlinear state

Karhunen, Juha

316

STATE SOIL GEOGRAPHIC (STATSGO) DATA BASE FOR THECOTERNIMOUS UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

USSOILS is an Arc 7.0 coverage containing hydrology-relevant information for 10,498 map units covering the entire conterminous United States. The coverage was compiled from individual State coverages contained in the October 1994 State Soil Geographic (STATSGO) Data Base produce...

317

States' Progress and Challenges in Implementing Common Core State Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most states are participating in the initiative led by the National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers to develop and adopt voluntary common core state standards that will outline what elementary and secondary school students are expected to learn in English language arts and mathematics. Implementing these…

Kober, Nancy; Rentmer, Diane Stark

2011-01-01

318

Wisconsin State Historical Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1846 and chartered in 1853, the Wisconsin State Historical Society is the oldest American historical society to receive continuous public funding. Their well-designed Web site also provides a host of searchable archives that will help users find a vast array of materials contained with their collections. The first place that visitors may want to look at is the Archives Online Catalog (ArCat), which is the most comprehensive tool for searching for materials held by the Historical Society. For new users to the site, a "How do I?" section provides quick answers to using their resources, such as how to find historic sites throughout the state or how to conduct genealogical research at the Society. The site also contains numerous educational aids for teachers and students, including lesson plans and a cultural overview of the different periods in Wisconsin archaeology. Overall, the site serves as an excellent introduction to both the collections of the Historical Society and their public outreach programs.

319

State of the Salmon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Salmon, like many other species of fish, know no political boundaries. In effect, this makes it hard for humans to craft detailed and meaningful policies for the survival and health of these important creatures. The State of the Salmon is an international consortium that is "dedicated to improving understanding of salmon status and trends across the North Pacific--and building a knowledge network that can inform salmon conservation and management decisions in the future." Given this broad range of cooperation, visitors will not be surprised to find that much of the material featured on the site is available in Russian, English, and Chinese. The materials on the site are divided into several sections, including "Monitoring", "Data & Maps", "Status & Trends", and "Collaborate". The "Data & Maps" area is quite useful, and it features a variety of interactive maps that document existing salmon populations and their movements. Moving on, the "Status & Trends" area provides updates on salmon population trends in Canada, Japan, Russia, and the United States. The site is rounded out by a glossary and information about the organization's basic operating principles.

320

Solid state heat engine  

SciTech Connect

A compact solid state turbine heat engine can be devised by pairing the nitinol elements. Each element is characterized by being in thermal contact with at least one hot water and one cold water bath and mechanically coupled to at least one driven pulley and driver pulley. A second nitinol element is similarly configured with a driver pulley, driven pulley, hot and cold water bath. The driver pulley associated with the first nitinol element is mechanically coupled to the driven pulley of the second nitinol element. Similarly, the driver pulley of the second nitinol element is mechanically coupled to the driven pulley of the first nitinol element. The paired nitinol elements form a compound solid state turbine engine wherein each nitinol element lies in a single plane and wherein the engine may be combined with a plurality of such pairs for increased power output. The nitinol elements may also incorporate a snubber to limit the strain on the element and the engine may further incorporate a variable radius pulley to increase the efficiency of mechanical conversion.

Cory, J.S.

1981-12-15

321

State of the Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Upon hearing about a site dedicated to State of the Union speeches, the eyes (and mousse) of some gentle readers may gravitate elsewhere. That would be a tremendous mistake in the case of this fine site, which presents graphical representations of how specific words have been used in these speeches over the years. Created by Brad Borevitz, the site draws on a number of open resources available on the web, and attempts to â??examine changes in the language of the State of the Union address over the past 200 years.â?ť From the homepage, visitors can move their mouse over the graph featured prominently, and in doing so, they can view a visual representation of which words were featured in each speech. Of course, visitors can also examine the grade level at which each speech was written. After clicking on a given word (such as â??tobaccoâ?ť, which appears quite frequently in President Taftâ??s 1911 address), visitors will learn how many times the word was mentioned and where it appeared in the address. The entire site provides an interesting and unique glimpse into one type of content analysis, and one that is historically informed and quite relevant.

Borevitz, Brad

322

Colorado State University Extension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

State university extension services have been helping farmers since the 1930s, as well as anyone who might need some help tending their gardens, canning vegetables, keeping a house in good repair, and a family in good health. Extension services still perform those functions, plus new ones. They have stepped up their knowledge of technology and reasserted their emphasis on conservation practices. The Colorado State University Extension Services website has materials on all these classic categories. Visitors should check out the left side menu, to see links to such topics as "Yard & Garden", "Nutrition, Health and Food Safety", and "4-H Youth Development", but there are also links to "Clean & Renewable Energy" and "Water". The "News & Events" links in the bottom right hand corner of the homepage gives dates for a lecture on "Introduction to Wind Energy" and also provides "H1N1 Resources". The "Multimedia Zone", on the right side of the page should not be missed. PlantTalk Colorado is one standout here, and it provides "reliable, timely information on more than 400 gardening and home landscaping topics."

323

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY NEUROSCIENCE PROGRAM  

E-print Network

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY NEUROSCIENCE PROGRAM GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK REVISED FALL 2013 #12;Graduate Student Handbook Neuroscience Program Michigan State University Originally Prepared by: Peter: David Kreulen, Ph.D. ­ Graduate Affairs Committee Chair Adriana Feldpausch ­ Neuroscience Program

Liu, Taosheng

324

United States Department of Agriculture  

E-print Network

United States Department of Agriculture Keys to Soil Taxonomy Ninth Edition, 2003 #12;#12;Keys to Soil Taxonomy By Soil Survey Staff United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources .................................................................................................................................... 7 Chapter 1: The Soils That We Classify

Gray, Matthew

325

A Tornado in My State?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will analyze data of tornadoes throughout the United States. They will create a bar graph of the number of tornadoes for the top ten states in the country and then calculate the median and the mode of the data.

Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

326

State Barriers to CHP Development  

E-print Network

Every year, ACEEE collects data on regulatory policies in each state that theoretically serve to promote and discourage combined heat and power (CHP) development. In our annual State Energy Efficiency Scorecard (5), we assess the regulatory...

Chittum, A.; Kaufman, N.

2011-01-01

327

ChemTeacher: Oxidation States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Oxidation States page includes resources for teaching students about determining oxidation states of atoms within compounds.

2012-07-24

328

NC State and Health PAC's  

E-print Network

NC State and Health PAC's FIVE POINTS FOR SUCCESS can help you become a 'STAR' applicanta 'STAR and curricula. Graduate programs in the state of North Carolina, including our dental and medical schools, have

Langerhans, Brian

329

Graphene on weakly interacting metals: Dirac states versus surface states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the interplay between graphene and different, weakly interacting metal substrates by measuring the local density of states of the surface with scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Energy-resolved Friedel oscillations, confined states, and a prominent signal in point spectra are found after intercalating several monolayers of silver between graphene and Ir(111) and correspond to the shifted surface state of silver. These features outweigh spectroscopic signatures of graphene, which are retrieved when the amount of silver is reduced to one monolayer. Hence, suppressing the surface states of the metal substrate enhances the sensitivity to the Dirac states of quasi-free-standing graphene.

Jolie, Wouter; Craes, Fabian; Busse, Carsten

2015-03-01

330

Quantum Conditional Mutual Information, Reconstructed States, and State Redistribution  

E-print Network

We give two strengthenings of an inequality for the quantum conditional mutual information of a tripartite quantum state recently proved by Fawzi and Renner, connecting it with the ability to reconstruct the state from its bipartite reductions. Namely we show that the conditional mutual information is an upper bound on the regularised relative entropy distance between the quantum state and its reconstructed version. It is also an upper bound for the measured relative entropy distance of the state to its reconstructed version. The main ingredient of the proof is the fact that the conditional mutual information is the optimal quantum communication rate in the task of state redistribution.

Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Aram W. Harrow; Jonathan Oppenheim; Sergii Strelchuk

2014-11-30

331

2001 State Government Tax Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau has released the 2001 State Government Tax Collections (STC) report, which lists data for 25 taxes imposed and collected by each of the 50 states. These items range from property taxes, to motor fuel and public utilities taxes, to alcoholic beverages and tobacco taxes, to income taxes. Users can view the summary table for individual states, or the ranking table where states are ranked according to total tax collected and by total tax per capita amounts.

2002-01-01

332

Supercoherent states and physical systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method is developed for obtaining coherent states of a system admitting a supersymmetry. These states are called supercoherent states. The presented approach is based on an extension to supergroups of the usual group-theoretic approach. The example of the supersymmetric harmonic oscillator is discussed, thereby illustrating some of the attractive features of the method. Supercoherent states of an electron moving in a constant magnetic field are also described.

Fatyga, B. W.; Kostelecky, V. Alan; Nieto, Michael Martin; Truax, D. Rodney

1992-01-01

333

Portland State University Sociology Department  

E-print Network

Portland State University Sociology Department Graduate Program Application Packet Thank you) the Department of Sociology and 2) Portland State University's Office of Admissions. Note: Do not send incomplete, Department of Sociology, Portland State University, P.O. Box 751, Portland, Oregon 97207-0751. Do NOT place

Veerman, J. J. P.

334

Colorado State University Department Head  

E-print Network

Colorado State University Department Head Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in the College of Engineering at Colorado State University and inclusion. Civil and Environmental Engineering at Colorado State University The CEE Department at CSU

335

NAEP 1998 Writing State Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On September 28, 1999, the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) released a major report. This offering from the NCES is a collection of customized State Reports from the NAEP. Each report contains an introduction to the NAEP, a description of the assessment methods, an overview of results for public schools, and comparisons of that state with other participating states.

Ballator, Nada.

1999-01-01

336

State of Maine's Environment 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State of Maine's Environment is a regular series of reports written by senior environmental policy majors at Colby College in Waterville, Maine. The State of Maine's Environment 2009 is the fifth State of Maine's Environment report created by students enrolled in ES 493: Environmental Policy Practicum taught by Philip J. Nyhus, Environmental Studies Program. Topics in this report include

Philip J. Nyhus

2009-01-01

337

Isomeric states in heavy nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The one- and two-quasiparticle states in heavy nuclei are treated. The change of one-quasiparticle states in isotone chain seems to be rather smooth. Two-quasiparticle states in nuclei of alpha-decay chain of 270Ds are discussed.

Adamian, G. G.; Antonenko, N. V.; Malov, L. A.; Lu, B. N.; Zhou, S. G.; Scheid, W.

2010-12-01

338

Topological Surface States of Antimony  

E-print Network

Topological Surface States of Antimony Masih Mehdizadeh 10.08.2012 #12;Outline Introduction the electrons can occupy in the lattice #12;Back to Antimony: Surface States (SS) The electronic states (A) Y(A) 3000A x 3000A Topograph of Antimony (Sb) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 0 500 1000 1500 2000

Petta, Jason

339

RECORDS DISPOSITION AUTHORIZATION STATE AGENCIES  

E-print Network

RECORDS DISPOSITION AUTHORIZATION ­ STATE AGENCIES Form RC-108 (Revised 07/2011) STATE, CT 06106 www.cslib.org/publicrecords AUTHORITY: State agencies in the Executive branch and certain quasi-public agencies must use this form to obtain approval for disposition (destruction or transfer

Oliver, Douglas L.

340

Civil Liberties under State Constitutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses "new judicial federalism" as the rediscovery of state bills of rights for protecting civil liberties. Analyzes the differences in protection under state and federal bills of rights. Recommends that the growing importance of state constitutions be included in the political science curriculum and suggests bibliographic sources to be used.…

Tarr, G. Alan

1988-01-01

341

Classical and Quantal State Reconstruction  

E-print Network

Analysis of state reconstruction both classical and quantum mechanical on equal footing is outlined. The meaning of "mutual unbiased bases" (MUB) of Hilbert spaces is explained in detail. An alternative quantum state reconstruction, that utilizes mutual unbiased bases (MUB), is given. The MUB approach is then used for state reconstruction in a finite, d, dimensional Hilbert spaces.

M. Revzen

2009-12-30

342

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES  

E-print Network

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES The intent of these policies is to provide Truman State University students, faculty and staff with maximum opportunity and space to advertise approved or other methods of advertising. Advertising of events at Truman State University is limited to recognized

Gering, Jon C.

343

State Education Agencies: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography on State departments of education contains 151 entries, covering literature from 1952 through 1968 (most entries are post-1960). Topics in this literature include the need for State education agencies, their organization, and their impact upon the schools within the States. (DE)

Buser, Robert L.; Humm, William L.

344

Entanglement charge of thermal states  

E-print Network

Entanglement charge is an operational measure to quantify nonlocalities in ensembles consisting of bipartite quantum states. Here we generalize this nonlocality measure to single bipartite quantum states. As an example, we analyze the entanglement charges of some thermal states of two-qubit systems and show how they depend on the temperature and the system parameters in an analytical way.

Ming-Yong Ye; Xiu-Min Lin; Yan-Kui Bai; Z. D. Wang

2010-08-31

345

Which Countries Have State Religions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

For 188 independent countries in 2000, 72 had no state religion in the years 2000, 1970, and 1900; 58 had a state religion at all three dates; and 58 had some kind of transition. Among the 58 transitional countries, 12 had two transitions, 4 of which (former Soviet Republics in Asia) involved two forms of state religion. The probability of

Robert J. Barro; Rachel M. McCleary

2004-01-01

346

Penn State DOE GATE Program  

SciTech Connect

The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) was established in October 1998 pursuant to an award from the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE). The focus area of the Penn State GATE Program is advanced energy storage systems for electric and hybrid vehicles.

Anstrom, Joel

2012-08-31

347

Quantum universality by state distillation  

E-print Network

Quantum universality can be achieved using classically controlled stabilizer operations and repeated preparation of certain ancilla states. Which ancilla states suffice for universality? This "magic states distillation" question is closely related to quantum fault tolerance. Lower bounds on the noise tolerable on the ancilla help give lower bounds on the tolerable noise rate threshold for fault-tolerant computation. Upper bounds show the limits of threshold upper-bound arguments based on the Gottesman-Knill theorem. We extend the range of single-qubit mixed states that are known to give universality, by using a simple parity-checking operation. For applications to proving threshold lower bounds, certain practical stability characteristics are often required, and we also show a stable distillation procedure. No distillation upper bounds are known beyond those given by the Gottesman-Knill theorem. One might ask whether distillation upper bounds reduce to upper bounds for single-qubit ancilla states. For multi-qubit pure states and previously considered two-qubit ancilla states, the answer is yes. However, we exhibit two-qubit mixed states that are not mixtures of stabilizer states, but for which every postselected stabilizer reduction from two qubits to one outputs a mixture of stabilizer states. Distilling such states would require true multi-qubit state distillation methods.

Ben W. Reichardt

2009-07-13

348

The Fiscal Survey of States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents aggregate and individual data on the states' general fund receipts, expenditures, and balances. Findings, focusing on the period from fiscal 1993 to fiscal 1995, are based on a survey completed by Governors' state budget officers throughout the 50 United States and Puerto Rico. Six chapters, following the preface and…

National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.

349

States Trend toward Performance Funding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As college completion becomes a priority, more state legislatures are challenging community colleges to demonstrate progress by tying funding measures to institutional performance. Tom Harnisch, a policy analyst with the American Association of State Colleges and Universities, reports that 17 states are currently implementing or considering the…

Hermes, Jim

2012-01-01

350

Florida State University General Bulletin  

E-print Network

Florida State University 2012-2013 General Bulletin Graduate Edition Including the full text@admin.fsu.edu. Statement of Publication Fall 2012 (Volume CVII, No. 2). The Florida State University Graduate Edition of the General Bulletin is published annually in August by Florida State University, Office of the University

Ronquist, Fredrik

351

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL BULLETIN  

E-print Network

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY 2013-2014 GENERAL BULLETIN GRADUATE EDITION Including the full text@admin.fsu.edu. Statement of Publication Fall 2013 (Volume CVIII, No. 2). The Florida State University Graduate Edition of the General Bulletin is published annually in August by Florida State University, Office of the University

Ronquist, Fredrik

352

Florida State University General Bulletin  

E-print Network

Florida State University 2011-2012 General Bulletin Undergraduate Edition Including the full text). The Florida State University Undergraduate Edition of the General Bulletin is published annually in June by Florida State University, Office of the University Registrar, Tallahassee, FL. Upon request

Hull, Elaine

353

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL BULLETIN  

E-print Network

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY 2014-2015 GENERAL BULLETIN GRADUATE EDITION Including the full text). The Florida State University Graduate Edition of the General Bulletin is published annually in August by Florida State University, Office of the University Registrar, Tallahassee, FL. Upon request

354

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL BULLETIN  

E-print Network

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY 2014-2015 GENERAL BULLETIN UNDERGRADUATE EDITION Including the full text). The Florida State University Undergraduate Edition of the General Bulletin is published annually in June by Florida State University, Office of the University Registrar, Tallahassee, FL. Upon request

Hull, Elaine

355

Florida State University General Bulletin  

E-print Network

Florida State University 2012-2013 General Bulletin Undergraduate Edition Including the full text). The Florida State University Undergraduate Edition of the General Bulletin is published annually in June by Florida State University, Office of the University Registrar, Tallahassee, FL. Upon request

Hull, Elaine

356

State University System of Florida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents some information about the State University System of Florida. The following are presented in this paper: (1) University Work Plans and Annual Reports; (2) State University System 2009 Annual Report; (3) Quick Facts: Planned New Degree Programs--2010 to 2013; (4) State University System Tuition Differential Summary, FY…

Board of Governors, State University System of Florida, 2012

2012-01-01

357

State Definitions of Emotional Disturbance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines definitions state education agencies use to describe the federal education disability called "emotional disturbance." State definitions were collected so that various aspects of them could be analyzed and compared with results of similar studies completed in the 1970s and 1980s. Among results are that state definitions have…

Wery, Jessica J.; Cullinan, Douglas

2013-01-01

358

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL BULLETIN  

E-print Network

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY 2013-2014 GENERAL BULLETIN UNDERGRADUATE EDITION Including the full text). The Florida State University Undergraduate Edition of the General Bulletin is published annually in June by Florida State University, Office of the University Registrar, Tallahassee, FL. Upon request

Weston, Ken

359

Florida State University General Bulletin  

E-print Network

Florida State University 2011-2012 General Bulletin Graduate Edition Including the full text). The Florida State University Graduate Edition of the General Bulletin is published annually in August by Florida State University, Office of the University Registrar, Tallahassee, FL. Upon request

Ronquist, Fredrik

360

THE UNITED STATES SHRIMP INDUSTRY  

E-print Network

for administrative or legislative action. It is issued in limited quantities for official use of Federal, State or cooperating agencies and in processed form for economy and to avoid delay in publication . #12;United StatesBioner SURVEY OF THE UNITED STATES SHRIMP INDUSTRY VOLUME II Prepared in Branch of Economics Bureau

361

11 The Pennsylvania State University  

E-print Network

#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;11 The Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth College Adam J. Sorkin Date College Program Head The Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth College Diane M. Disney 12/16/04 Diane M. Disney, Dean Date The Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth College Penn

Lee, Dongwon

362

Local cloning of CAT states  

E-print Network

In this Letter we analyze the (im)possibility of the exact cloning of orthogonal three-qubit CAT states under local operation and classical communication(LOCC) with the help of a restricted entangled state. We also classify the three-qubit CAT states that can(not) be cloned under LOCC restrictions and extend the results to the n-qubit case.

Ramij Rahaman

2011-06-09

363

On the States of Aggregation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of investigating systematically the possible states of aggregation has not yet been attacked. It has been approached here in the hope of getting a deeper insight into the nature of the liquid state. After a discussion of the general methods, a simplified one-dimensional model is introduced. It was possible to find the exact equation of state. However, it

K. F. Herzfeld; Maria Goeppert-Mayer

1934-01-01

364

Office of the Secretary of State: Rhode Island State Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Far more than a collection of basic government documents, the Rhode Island State Library website is a nice resource for anyone seeking to learn more about the Ocean State. The materials here are divided into three main sections: "Research Tools", "Publications", and "Everything RI". In "Research Tools", users will find executive orders issued by the governor, annual reports, as well as state regulations and rules. Moving on, the "Publications" area contains some colorful historical documents, including the Rhode Island Royal Charter of 1663 and the state constitution. Finally, the "Everything RI" area contains documents that narrate the state's history, such as "State Symbols", "Famous Rhode Islanders", "Rhode Island Landmarks", and "City & Town Incorporation Dates". Just for reference, some of the notable persons from the Ocean State include George M. Cohan, Anne Hutchinson, and baseball legend Nap Lajoie.

365

Maximal rank of extremal marginal tracial states  

E-print Network

States on coupled quantum system whose restrictions to each subsystems are normalized traces are called marginal tracial states. We investigate extremal marginal tracial states and maximal rank of such states. Diagonal marginal tracial states are also considered.

Hiromichi Ohno

2009-11-18

366

Kansas State University Herbarium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Manhattan, Kansas, Kansas State University is well-known for their various agricultural outreach programs, and their Herbarium is a fascinating place for botanists and the general public. For those who can't make a trip out to Kansas, they also have a nice website. Visitors to the site can start by looking over the "Information" section, which includes information on the history of the Herbarium, along with offering up a nice answer to the question, "What is an herbarium?" Moving on, visitors can also query their online database of plant species from Kansas and learn about their forthcoming Central Great Plains Network. The site is rounded out with a list of contact information and other noteworthy links.

2006-01-01

367

Solid state power controllers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rationale, analysis, design, breadboarding and testing of the incremental functional requirements are reported that led to the development of prototype 1 and 5 Amp dc and 1 Amp ac solid state power controllers (SSPC's). The SSPC's are to be considered for use as a replacement of electro-mechanical relays and circuit breakers in future spacecraft and aircraft. They satisfy the combined function of both the relay and circuit breaker and can be remotely controlled by small signals, typically 10 mA, 5 to 28 Vdc. They have the advantage over conventional relay/circuit breaker systems in that they can be located near utilization equipment and the primary ac or dc bus. The low level control, trip indication and status signals can be circuited by small guage wire for control, computer interface, logic, electrical multiplexing, unboard testing, and power management and distribution purposes. This results in increased system versatility at appreciable weight saving and increased reliability.

Gibbs, R. S.

1973-01-01

368

Solid state television camera  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design, fabrication, and tests of a solid state television camera using a new charge-coupled imaging device are reported. An RCA charge-coupled device arranged in a 512 by 320 format and directly compatible with EIA format standards was the sensor selected. This is a three-phase, sealed surface-channel array that has 163,840 sensor elements, which employs a vertical frame transfer system for image readout. Included are test results of the complete camera system, circuit description and changes to such circuits as a result of integration and test, maintenance and operation section, recommendations to improve the camera system, and a complete set of electrical and mechanical drawing sketches.

1976-01-01

369

Dickerson v. United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the summer of 2000, the high court released a number of momentous decisions, ruling on "partial birth abortions," the Boy Scouts's ban on gays, the Miranda warning, California's "Blanket" primary, and hate crime sentencing standards. In Dickerson v. United States, the court ruled 7-2 to uphold the Miranda warning and strike down a previously little-known 1968 law that allowed "voluntary confessions" even if they were obtained before a suspect was read their rights. (For more on this decision see the In the News from this week's Scout Report for Social Sciences). As always, the full text of the syllabi and both opinions in all of these cases can be read in HTML or .pdf format at the Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School Supreme Court Collection site.

2000-01-01

370

Plymouth State Weather Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Plymouth State Weather Center provides a variety of weather information, including a tropical weather menu with current and archived data on tropical depressions, storms, or hurricanes in the Atlantic or Eastern Pacific Oceans. An interactive Weather Product Generator allows students to make their own surface data maps and meteograms (24-hour summaries of weather at a specific location), and view satellite imagery. There are also interactive weather maps for the U.S., Canada, and Alaska that display the latest observations, and text servers which provide current written observations for New England and North America. A set of past and current weather data products provides information on minimum and maximum temperatures, wind chill, and heat index. In addition, there are collections of satellite loops/movies, radar/lightning images, loops, and movies, and a set of tutorials on clouds, the sun and its effects on the environment, and balanced atmospheric flows.

371

Holographic Quantum States  

SciTech Connect

We show how continuous matrix product states of quantum fields can be described in terms of the dissipative nonequilibrium dynamics of a lower-dimensional auxiliary boundary field by demonstrating that the spatial correlation functions of the bulk field correspond to the temporal statistics of the boundary field. This equivalence (1) illustrates an intimate connection between the theory of continuous quantum measurement and quantum field theory, (2) gives an explicit construction of the boundary field allowing the extension of real-space renormalization group methods to arbitrary dimensional quantum field theories without the introduction of a lattice parameter, and (3) yields a novel interpretation of recent cavity QED experiments in terms of quantum field theory, and hence paves the way toward observing genuine quantum phase transitions in such zero-dimensional driven quantum systems.

Osborne, Tobias J.; Eisert, Jens [Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin, Berlin 14193 (Germany); Verstraete, Frank [University of Vienna, Faculty of Physics, Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Wien (Austria)

2010-12-31

372

Solid state rapid thermocycling  

SciTech Connect

The rapid thermal cycling of a material is targeted. A solid state heat exchanger with a first well and second well is coupled to a power module. A thermoelectric element is coupled to the first well, the second well, and the power module, is configured to transfer thermal energy from the first well to the second well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a first direction, and is configured to transfer thermal energy from the second well to the first well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a second direction. A controller may be coupled to the thermoelectric elements, and may switch the direction of current flowing through the thermoelectric element in response to a determination by sensors coupled to the wells that the amount of thermal energy in the wells falls below or exceeds a pre-determined threshold.

Beer, Neil Reginald; Spadaccini, Christopher

2014-05-13

373

The State Hermitage Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

IBM and the Hermitage Museum present this Website to showcase the vast collections of the State Museum of Russia, founded by Catherine the Great in 1764. A highlight is the Digital Collection, a database of high resolution images of museum artifacts, grouped into twelve browseable categories, such as Paintings, Prints and Drawings; Jewellery; and Machinery and Mechanisms. These categories are further organized in appropriate subdivisions such as artist and title under paintings, and country under machinery. Eventually, IBM Query by Image Content (QBIC) technology will be implemented at the site to allow users to search for images by associating color and shapes. Currently, visitors can take the Virtual Tour, which proceeds through over 20 rooms of the museum, such as the Library of Nicholas II and the Michelangelo Room, observing both the architecture of the Hermitage and artworks on display.

374

77 FR 72742 - Approval and Promulgation of State Implementation Plans: State of Washington; Regional Haze State...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...TransAlta). The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) submitted its Regional Haze State Implementation...Haze Rule at 40 CFR 50.308. On December 29, 2011 Ecology submitted an update to the SIP submittal...

2012-12-06

375

Weather and emotional state  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction Given the proven effects of weather on the human organism, an attempt to examine its effects on a psychic and emotional level has been made. Emotions affect the bio-tonus, working ability and concentration, hence their significance in various domains of economic life, such as health care, education, transportation, tourism, etc. Data and methods The research has been made in Sofia City within a period of 8 months, using 5 psychological methods (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Test for Self-assessment of the emotional state (developed by Wessman and Ricks), Test for evaluation of moods and Test "Self-confidence - Activity - Mood" (developed by the specialists from the Military Academy in Saint Petersburg). The Fiodorov-Chubukov's complex-climatic method was used to characterize meteorological conditions because of the purpose to include in the analysis a maximal number of meteorological elements. 16 weather types are defined in dependence of the meteorological elements values according to this method. Abrupt weather changes from one day to another, defined by the same method, were considered as well. Results and discussions The results obtained by t-test show that the different categories of weather lead to changes in the emotional status, which indicates a character either positive or negative for the organism. The abrupt weather changes, according to expectations, have negative effect on human emotions but only when a transition to the cloudy weather or weather type, classified as "unfavourable" has been realized. The relationship between weather and human emotions is rather complicated since it depends on individual characteristics of people. One of these individual psychological characteristics, marked by the dimension "neuroticism", has a strong effect on emotional reactions in different weather conditions. Emotionally stable individuals are more "protected" to the weather influence on their emotions, while those who are emotionally unstable have a stronger dependence to the impacts of the weather.

Spasova, Z.

2010-09-01

376

Typical entanglement of stabilizer states  

E-print Network

How entangled is a randomly chosen bipartite stabilizer state? We show that if the number of qubits each party holds is large the state will be close to maximally entangled with probability exponentially close to one. We provide a similar tight characterization of the entanglement present in the maximally mixed state of a randomly chosen stabilizer code. Finally, we show that typically very few GHZ states can be extracted from a random multipartite stabilizer state via local unitary operations. Our main tool is a new concentration inequality which bounds deviations from the mean of random variables which are naturally defined on the Clifford group.

Graeme Smith; Debbie Leung

2006-12-15

377

Squeezed states: A geometric framework  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general definition of squeezed states is proposed and its main features are illustrated through a discussion of the standard optical coherent states represented by 'Gaussian pure states'. The set-up involves representations of groups on Hilbert spaces over homogeneous spaces of the group, and relies on the construction of a square integrable (coherent state) group representation modulo a subgroup. This construction depends upon a choice of a Borel section which has a certain permissible arbitrariness in its selection; this freedom is attributable to a squeezing of the defining coherent states of the representation, and corresponds in this way to a sort of gauging.

Ali, S. T.; Brooke, J. A.; Gazeau, J.-P.

1992-01-01

378

Southern States' Routing Agency Report  

SciTech Connect

The Southern States' Routing Agency Report is a compendium of 16-southern states' routing program for the transportation of high-level radioactive materials. The report identifies the state-designated routing agencies as defined under 49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 171 and provides a reference to the source and scope of the agencies' rulemaking authority. Additionally, the state agency and contact designated by the state's governor to receive advance notification and shipment routing information under 10 CFR Parts 71 and 73 are also listed.

Not Available

1990-03-01

379

Southern States' Routing Agency Report  

SciTech Connect

The Southern States' Routing Agency Report is a compendium of 16-southern states' routing programs and authorities for high-level radioactive materials transportation. The report includes the identification of each state's designated routing agency and state legislation and regulations pertaining specifically to the shipment routing of high-level radioactive materials. Using information collected and compiled by the Hazardous Materials Information Group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the report also addresses local government routing restrictions for high-level radioactive materials transportation. Whether local or state routing restrictions have been legally challenged and found to be inconsistent and preempted by the federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Act of 1974 (49 App. USC. 1801 et seq.) is noted. Finally, the state agency and contact designated by each state's governor to receive advance notification and shipment routing information under 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 71 and 73 is listed.

Not Available

1988-02-01

380

United States, Capitals and Abbreviations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will use the links below to practice locating, naming, and spelling the 50 U.S.States, Capitals and Abbreviation. Go to these different websites to test your skills and knowledge on states and capitals. Be sure to visit every site. They each have different ways to study. #1 States and Capitals Spelling Practice #2 Practice States and Capitals #3 United States Map Puzzle #4 Where is That?! Practice spelling of state and capital names. #5 State Abbreviations Practice Abbreviations Want to listen to Wakko's America song? Click on the first video below. Wakko s America

Mr. Ribera

2009-04-22

381

Ground state blind quantum computation on AKLT state  

E-print Network

The blind quantum computing protocols (BQC) enable a classical client with limited quantum technology to delegate a computation to the quantum server(s) in such a way that the privacy of the computation is preserved. Here we present a new scheme for BQC that uses the concept of the measurement based quantum computing with the novel resource state of Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki (AKLT) chains leading to more robust computation. AKLT states are physically motivated resource as they are gapped ground states of a physically natural Hamiltonian in condensed matter physics. Our BQC protocol can enjoy the advantages of AKLT resource states, such as the cooling preparation of the resource state, the energy-gap protection of the quantum computation, and the simple and efficient preparation of the resource state in linear optics with biphotons.

Tomoyuki Morimae; Vedran Dunjko; Elham Kashefi

2011-06-17

382

Perfect state transfer without state initialization and remote collaboration  

SciTech Connect

We present a perfect state transfer protocol via a qubit chain with the evolution governed by the xx Hamiltonian. In contrast to the recent protocol announced in Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 230502 (2008), our method does not demand any remote-cooperated initialization and sending classical information about measurement outcomes. We achieve the perfect state transfer only with the assumption of access to two spins at each end of the chain, while the initial state of the whole chain is irrelevant.

Markiewicz, Marcin; Wiesniak, Marcin [Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Gdansk, PL-80-952 Gdansk (Poland)

2009-05-15

383

Decoherence of Fock States Leads to a Maximally Quantum State  

E-print Network

We consider the Wigner function evolution of Fock states $|n\\rangle$ linearly coupled to a Markovian bath of oscillators. In the absence of environmental coupling, apparent ``quantumness'' increases with $n$, but the presence of any environmental interaction causes high-$n$ states to lose their quantum features more rapidly than low-$n$ states. Using the negative volume of the Wigner function as a metric \\cite{kenfack04}, we observe a time-dependent quantumness peak across the eigenstates.

Andrew C. McClung; Tyler E. Keating; Adam T. C. Steege; Arjendu K. Pattanayak

2010-07-27

384

Decoy State Quantum Key Distribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum key distribution (QKD) allows two parties to communicate in absolute security based on the fundamental laws of physics. Up till now, it is widely believed that unconditionally secure QKD based on standard Bennett-Brassard (BB84) protocol is limited in both key generation rate and distance because of imperfect devices. Here, we solve these two problems directly by presenting new protocols that are feasible with only current technology. Surprisingly, our new protocols can make fiber-based QKD unconditionally secure at distances over 100km (for some experiments, such as GYS) and increase the key generation rate from O(?2) in prior art to O(?) where ? is the overall transmittance. Our method is to develop the decoy state idea (first proposed by W.-Y. Hwang in "Quantum Key Distribution with High Loss: Toward Global Secure Communication", Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 057901 (2003)) and consider simple extensions of the BB84 protocol. This part of work is published in "Decoy State Quantum Key Distribution", . We present a general theory of the decoy state protocol and propose a decoy method based on only one signal state and two decoy states. We perform optimization on the choice of intensities of the signal state and the two decoy states. Our result shows that a decoy state protocol with only two types of decoy states--a vacuum and a weak decoy state--asymptotically approaches the theoretical limit of the most general type of decoy state protocols (with an infinite number of decoy states). We also present a one-decoy-state protocol as a special case of Vacuum+Weak decoy method. Moreover, we provide estimations on the effects of statistical fluctuations and suggest that, even for long distance (larger than 100km) QKD, our two-decoy-state protocol can be implemented with only a few hours of experimental data. In conclusion, decoy state quantum key distribution is highly practical. This part of work is published in "Practical Decoy State for Quantum Key Distribution", . We also have done the first experimental demonstration of decoy state quantum key distribution, over 15km of Telecom fibers. This part of work is published in "Experimental Decoy State Quantum Key Distribution Over 15km", .

Lo, Hoi-Kwong

2005-10-01

385

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY University Faculty Senate  

E-print Network

THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY University Faculty Senate Senate Council Guidelines for Faculty of The Pennsylvania State University issued by President Oswald and approved by The Board of Trustees states on page) Penn State Abington; (c) Penn State Altoona; (d) Penn State Erie, The Behrend College; (e) Penn State

Yener, Aylin

386

State of the States: Fuel Cells in America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report from the Breakthrough Technologies Institute looks at the status of fuel cells in America in 2011. A profile of how fuel cells are being used in most U.S. states is included; the amount of data provided varies from state to state. The top five states utilizing fuel cells are identified as California, Connecticut, New York, Ohio and South Carolina. An introductory statement includes information on how the use of fuel cells may be beneficial to the U.S. economy. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

387

Solid state laser  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A wavelength-tunable, injection-seeded, dispersion-compensated, dispersively-pumped solid state laser includes a lasing medium; a highly reflective mirror; an output coupler; at least one isosceles Brewster prism oriented to the minimum deviation angle between the medium and the mirror for directing light of different wavelengths along different paths; means for varying the angle of the highly reflective mirror relative to the light from at least one Brewster angle for selecting a predetermined laser operating wavelength; a dispersion compensation apparatus associated with the lasing medium; a laser injection seeding port disposed between the dispersion compensation apparatus and one of the mirror and coupler and including a reflective surface at an acute non-Brewster angle to the laser beam for introducing a seed input; a dispersion compensation apparatus associated with the laser medium including opposite chirality optical elements; the lasing medium including a pump surface disposed at an acute angle to the laser beam to define a discrete path for the pumping laser beam separate from the pumped laser beam.

Rines, Glen A. (Inventor); Moulton, Peter F. (Inventor); Harrison, James (Inventor)

1993-01-01

388

Solid state power controllers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Solid state power controllers (SSPC's) are to be considered for use as replacements of electromechanical relays and circuit breakers in future spacecraft and aircraft. They satisfy the combined function of both the relay and circuit breaker and can be remotely controlled by small signals, typically 10 mA, 5 to 28 v(dc). They have the advantage over conventional relay/circuit breaker systems in that they can be located near the utilization equipment and the primary ac or dc bus. The low level control, trip indication and status signals can be circuited by small gauge wire for control, computer interface, logic, electrical multiplexing, onboard testing, power management, and distribution purposes. This results in increased system versatility at appreciable weight saving and increased reliability. Conventional systems require the heavy gage load wiring and the control wiring to be routed from the bus to the load to other remote relay contacts, switches, sensors, etc. and to the circuit breaker located in the flight engineer's compartment for purposes of manual reset.

Gibbs, R. S.

1974-01-01

389

United States West Coast  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On Thursday (Feb. 14, 2002), the cloud cover that often overshadows the western United States this time of year broke to provide those at the Olympic Games with a beautiful day. The nearly cloud-free day was captured by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASAs Terra spacecraft. A thick layer of snow blankets northernmost Nevada, northern Utah, most of Idaho and western Wyoming. The snow surrounds and highlights Utahs Great Salt Lake. Just south of the lake, clouds can be seen hovering over southern Utah. (In general, clouds appear streaky and uneven on a satellite image, and snow cover appears solid with definable borders.) North of the Great Salt Lake, one can clearly discern the light gray Northern Rocky Mountains cutting through Idaho and up into Canada. Moving southwest, the spine-like Sierra Nevada mountains separate the greenery of Southern California from the brown deserts of Arizona and Nevada. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

2002-01-01

390

Signaling States of Rhodopsin  

PubMed Central

Vertebrate rhodopsin consists of the apoprotein opsin and the chromophore 11-cis-retinal covalently linked via a protonated Schiff base. Upon photoisomerization of the chromophore to all-trans-retinal, the retinylidene linkage hydrolyzes, and all-trans-retinal dissociates from opsin. The pigment is eventually restored by recombining with enzymatically produced 11-cis-retinal. All-trans-retinal release occurs in parallel with decay of the active form, metarhodopsin (Meta) II, in which the original Schiff base is intact but deprotonated. The intermediates formed during Meta II decay include Meta III, with the original Schiff base reprotonated, and Meta III-like pseudo-photoproducts. Using an intrinsic fluorescence assay, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and UV-visible spectroscopy, we investigated Meta II decay in native rod disk membranes. Up to 40% of Meta III is formed without changes in the intrinsic Trp fluorescence and thus without all-trans-retinal release. NADPH, a cofactor for the reduction of all-trans-retinal to all-trans-retinol, does not accelerate Meta II decay nor does it change the amount of Meta III formed. However, Meta III can be photoconverted back to the Meta II signaling state. The data are described by two quasi-irreversible pathways, leading in parallel into Meta III or into release of all-trans-retinal. Therefore, Meta III could be a form of rhodopsin that is storaged away, thus regulating photoreceptor regeneration. PMID:12427735

Heck, Martin; Schädel, Sandra A.; Maretzki, Dieter; Bartl, Franz J.; Ritter, Eglof; Palczewski, Krzysztof; Hofmann, Klaus Peter

2006-01-01

391

Toroidal magnetohydrodynamic steady states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The axisymmetric steady states of a toroidal, current-carrying magnetofluid are determined for constant, scalar viscosity and resistivity, in the presence of a dc toroidal magnetic field. Non-ideal boundary conditions are assumed at an impenetrable, dielectric-coated, conducting material wall. The current is sustained by a constant toroidal inductive electric field. Poloidal and toroidal velocity fields are required for force balance [1,2]. We use FEMLAB, a commercial software package. Here, we focus on: (1) a wall boundary layer whose properties scale with powers of the viscous Lundquist number and inside which the steepest pressure drop occurs; and (2) a flow pattern that turns out to be sensitively dependent upon the shape of the cross-section of the toroid, and can go from dipolar to monopolar, in a poloidal plane, as the cross section goes from circularly symmetric about the major axis to D-shaped. The toroidal velocity becomes more important than the poloidal as the viscous Lundquist number increases. [1] L.P.J.Kamp et al, Phys. Fluids 10, 1757 (1998) and Phys. Plasmas 10, 157 (2003). [2] J.W. Bates et al, Phys. Plasmas 5, 2649 (1998).

Kamp, L. P. J.; Montgomery, D. C.

2003-11-01

392

Creating the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As with other countries, the United States is very much a "work in progress". Of course, the nation's founders made a concerted effort to form a republic that would be able to govern effectively across a large geographic region and a plethora of different cultural traditions. This thoughtful and introspective online exhibit from the Library of Congress brings together a set of interactive resources and activities organized around themes that include "Creating the Declaration of Independence" and "Creating the Bill of Rights". Clicking on these themes will bring visitors to a brief narrative essay that sets the tone for the primary and secondary historical documents within each area. Here visitors will find such gems as an early map of the Appalachians, woodcuts of early Presidents, and the musings of Thomas Paine, among many others. Moving on, visitors should not miss the "Interactives" area. Here they can test their mettle by connecting particular phrases and ideas set down in the Declaration of Independence with the key texts that preceded it. And if visitors aren't stumped there (or even if they are), they can try the same tasks with the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. After a visit to this site, some may even find themselves dusting off their old civics textbooks or at least planning a trip to a local government facility for further edification.

393

The State Hermitage Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia is not only an impressive museum to visit in person, but its online museum is very well done, and includes virtual tours of several parts of the museum. There is so much information on this website and after browsing around, visitors will feel like they have had a personally guided tour of the art collections and the architecture of the buildings. Visitors can learn the history of the Hermitage by clicking on "Hermitage History" near the top of the homepage. The "Timeline" will orient the visitor, and "A Walk Through the Imperial Hermitage" and "The Winter Palace Through the Ages" allows for a look at several different ages of parts of the six building museum. The Digital Collection can be searched or browsed in the usual way, such as by title, artist, year, medium, etc., but IBM's experimental Query By Image Content (QBIC) allows visitors to find "a Gauguin masterpiece simply by recalling the organisation of his subjects or locating a Da Vinci painting by searching for its predominant colours." There are short animated demonstrations to show the visitor how to do a search by color or layout.

2006-01-01

394

3 CFR - State Children's Health Insurance Program  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false State Children's Health Insurance Program Presidential Documents...2009 State Children's Health Insurance Program Memorandum for the...Services The State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)...

2010-01-01

395

Amplitude-mediated chimera states.  

PubMed

We investigate the possibility of obtaining chimera state solutions of the nonlocal complex Ginzburg-Landau equation (NLCGLE) in the strong coupling limit when it is important to retain amplitude variations. Our numerical studies reveal the existence of a variety of amplitude-mediated chimera states (including stationary and nonstationary two-cluster chimera states) that display intermittent emergence and decay of amplitude dips in their phase incoherent regions. The existence regions of the single-cluster chimera state and both types of two-cluster chimera states are mapped numerically in the parameter space of C(1) and C(2), the linear and nonlinear dispersion coefficients, respectively, of the NLCGLE. They represent a new domain of dynamical behavior in the well-explored rich phase diagram of this system. The amplitude-mediated chimera states may find useful applications in understanding spatiotemporal patterns found in fluid flow experiments and other strongly coupled systems. PMID:24229259

Sethia, Gautam C; Sen, Abhijit; Johnston, George L

2013-10-01

396

B States at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

The CDF and D0 experiments have produced a wealth of heavy flavor physics results since the beginning of RunII of the Fermilab Tevatron. They review recent measurements of B hadron states including excited B states (B**, B{sub s}**) and the B{sub c}{sup +} meson. They also summarize the discoveries of the {Sigma}{sub b} baryon states and the {Xi}{sub b}{sup -} baryon.

Paulini, Manfred; /Carnegie Mellon U.

2009-06-01

397

Topological cluster state quantum computing  

E-print Network

The quantum computing scheme described in Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190504 (2007), when viewed as a cluster state computation, features a 3-D cluster state, novel adjustable strength error correction capable of correcting general errors through the correction of Z errors only, a threshold error rate approaching 1% and low overhead arbitrarily long-range logical gates. In this work, we review the scheme in detail framing discussion solely in terms of the required 3-D cluster state and its stabilizers.

Austin G. Fowler; Kovid Goyal

2009-02-25

398

FREE QUASI-FREE STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper free analogs of the quasi-free states on the CARand CCR algebras.Quasi-free states are important in mathematics and physics, and a vastbody of literature exists (a partial list includes [2, 1, 3, 7, 17, 22], see alsothe references in [7]). In particular, quasi-free states on the CAR algebragive rise, via the GNS construction, to the Araki-Woods factors. Thesefactors are

Dimitri Shlyakhtenko

1997-01-01

399

Diffusion Processes and Coherent States  

E-print Network

It is shown that stochastic processes of diffusion type possess, in all generality, a structure of uncertainty relations and of coherent and squeezed states. This fact is used to obtain, via Nelson stochastic formulation of quantum mechanics, the harmonic-oscillator coherent and squeezed states. The method allows to derive new minimum uncertainty states in time-dependent oscillator potentials and for the Caldirola-Kanai model of quantum damped oscillator.

S. De Martino; S. De Siena; F. Illuminati; G. Vitiello

1994-07-25

400

State Energy Overview. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

An overview of selected energy-related data for the United States, for each state, and for the District of Columbia is presented. Included are the quantities of energy produced and consumed, estimates of fuel reserves, the value of nonrenewable fuels produced by type, energy expenditures, and consumer prices. Also provided for each state are selected demographic and energy-related information that have been ranked and expressed as a percent of the national total. This overview provides a ready reference and a quick access to selected state energy information and state rankings for various socioeconomic and energy items. The State Energy Overview is arranged in five sections. The first section presents United States totals and an overview of state rankings. The second depicts data for the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The glossary presents definitions germane to this publication and the fourth section describes methodology and includes remarks concerning the information and methods used to estimate 1982 consumption numbers. The fifth section presents sources of data and information for this publication. A summary of each section is included.

Not Available

1983-10-01

401

Adiabatic Cluster State Quantum Computing  

E-print Network

Models of quantum computation are important because they change the physical requirements for achieving universal quantum computation (QC). For example, one-way QC requires the preparation of an entangled "cluster" state followed by adaptive measurement on this state, a set of requirements which is different from the standard quantum circuit model. Here we introduce a model based on one-way QC but without measurements (except for the final readout), instead using adiabatic deformation of a Hamiltonian whose initial ground state is the cluster state. This opens the possibility to use the copious results from one-way QC to build more feasible adiabatic schemes.

Dave Bacon; Steven T. Flammia

2010-01-15

402

State observer for synchronous motors  

DOEpatents

A state observer driven by measurements of phase voltages and currents for estimating the angular orientation of a rotor of a synchronous motor such as a variable reluctance motor (VRM). Phase voltages and currents are detected and serve as inputs to a state observer. The state observer includes a mathematical model of the electromechanical operation of the synchronous motor. The characteristics of the state observer are selected so that the observer estimates converge to the actual rotor angular orientation and velocity, winding phase flux linkages or currents.

Lang, Jeffrey H. (Waltham, MA)

1994-03-22

403

Bipartite entanglement and hypergraph states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate some properties of multipartite entanglement of hypergraph states in purely hypergraph theoretical terms. We first introduce an approach for computing the concurrence between two specific qubits of a hypergraph state by using the so-called Hamming weights of several special subhypergraphs of the corresponding hypergraph. Then, we quantify and characterize bipartite entanglement between each qubit pair of several special hypergraph states in terms of the concurrence obtained by using the above approach. Our main result includes that a graph g has a component with the vertex set if and only if the qubit pair labeled by of the graph state is entangled.

Qu, Ri; Shang, Bing-jian; Wang, Juan; Bao, Yan-ru; Li, Zong-shang; Ma, Yi-ping; Song, Da-wei

2015-02-01

404

Single electron states in polyethylene  

SciTech Connect

We report computer simulations of an excess electron in various structural motifs of polyethylene at room temperature, including lamellar and interfacial regions between amorphous and lamellae, as well as nanometre-sized voids. Electronic properties such as density of states, mobility edges, and mobilities are computed on the different phases using a block Lanczos algorithm. Our results suggest that the electronic density of states for a heterogeneous material can be approximated by summing the single phase density of states weighted by their corresponding volume fractions. Additionally, a quantitative connection between the localized states of the excess electron and the local atomic structure is presented.

Wang, Y. [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China) [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); MacKernan, D. [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)] [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Cubero, D., E-mail: dcubero@us.es, E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); Departmento de Física Aplicada I, Universidad de Sevilla, Calle Virgen de Africa 7, 41011 Seville (Spain); Coker, D. F. [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland) [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Department of Chemistry, Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Quirke, N., E-mail: dcubero@us.es, E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); Department of Chemistry, Imperial College, London SW7 2AY (United Kingdom)

2014-04-21

405

Unambiguous state discrimination in quantum cryptography with weak coherent states  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of linearly independent signal states in realistic implementations of quantum key distribution (QKD) enables an eavesdropper to perform unambiguous state discrimination. We explore quantitatively the limits for secure QKD imposed by this fact taking into account that the receiver can monitor, to some extent the photon-number statistics of the signals even with todays standard detection schemes. We compare

Miloslav Dusek; Mika Jahma; Norbert Lütkenhaus

2000-01-01

406

California Report Card 2008: The State of the State's Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Report Card provides a clear, complete and concise picture of the state of the state's children along with recommendations for how we can better support our children through new and improved public policies. It assigns letter grades to such key indicators as health insurance, oral health, asthma, mental health, infant health,…

Children Now, 2008

2008-01-01

407

State Higher Education Budgeting Mechanisms in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

(Purpose) The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between certain characteristics of US states and their budgeting systems for higher education (HE), and to derive implications for Japanese HE budgeting policy from the results. (Methodology) The US's State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO) conducted a 30-item…

Mizuta, Kensuke; Yoshida, Kana; Yanagiura, Takeshi

2010-01-01

408

State of the States: Fuel Cells in America  

E-print Network

2010 State of the States: Fuel Cells in America #12;1 Authors and Acknowledgements This report was written and compiled by Sandra Curtin, Elizabeth Delmont and Jennifer Gangi of Fuel Cells 2000 Jang and Brian Woodlock. Support was provided by the US Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies

409

Stochastic finite state automata language model triggered by dialogue states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of Natural Spoken Dialogue systems, this paper describes a method for dynamically adapting a Lan- guage Model (LM) to the dialogue states detected. This LM combines a standard n-gram model with Stochastic Finite State Automata (SFSAs). During the training process, the sentence corpus used to train the LM is split into several hierarchical clusters in a 2-step

Yannick Estčve; Frédéric Béchet; Alexis Nasr; Renato de Mori

2001-01-01

410

State Of Florida Bureau of State Approving For Veterans Training  

E-print Network

State Of Florida Bureau of State Approving For Veterans Training Kroger Center, Douglas Building, please also complete VA Form 22-1990 (Veteran) of VA Form 22-5490 (Dependent) and submit to the Department of Veterans Affairs. Date Signed Signature of Applicant (Do Not Print) Please return this form

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

411

State DOT: California State Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

locations within concrete pavement. 2. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT testing methods Radar (GPR) is one of the methods that we are interested in and would like to experiment for pavementState DOT: California State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods

412

Restructuring State Education Agencies: Learning from State Leaders. SERVE Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of a study that describes restructuring efforts undertaken by state education agencies (SEAs) are presented in this paper. Data were collected through telephone interviews with SEA officials in 24 states that were actively engaged in restructuring and analysis of SEA documents. Factors that contributed to restructuring included the place…

Nelson, Linda J.

413

Most Frequently Traveled Cities and States City/State Miles  

E-print Network

Lake City, UT 4114 San Antonio, TX 2560 San Diego, CA 5238 San Francisco, CA 4906 Sarasota, FL 2082 Toledo, OH 918 Toronto, Ont. 840 Towson, MD 140 Trenton, NJ 182 University Park, MD 216 UniversityMost Frequently Traveled Cities and States City/State Miles Akron, OH 682 Albany, NY 518 Alexandria

Hardy, Christopher R.

414

Portland State University Library Portland State University Archives  

E-print Network

Portland State University Library Portland State University Archives Excellence Innovation Success," she has helped build an archive that is accessible and interesting for students, faculty. The University Archives, under Cris Paschild's direction, aims to represent PSU's legacy as a diverse urban

Daescu, Dacian N.

415

States' Rights, States' Responsibilities, and the Ghost of Calhoun.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the Reagan Era's New Federalism hamstrings government by precluding the possibility of a balance of power and responsibilities between state and federal government. Compares this development to the states' rights dilemma freed by John C. Calhoun. Contends that history shows federal inaction produces sectionalism, social cleavage, and…

Winn, Ira J.

1990-01-01

416

STATE OF FLORIDA LOYALTY OATH I, , a citizen of the State of , county of _, in United States  

E-print Network

the Constitution of the United States and of the State of Florida. PUBLIC OFFICERS A public or political officeSTATE OF FLORIDA LOYALTY OATH EmplID I, , a citizen of the State of , county of _, in United States is defined as position that is held at the local, state, or national level and is the result of a public

Wu, Shin-Tson

417

77 FR 48591 - State Rail Plan Guidance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. FRA-2012-0066] State Rail Plan Guidance AGENCY: Federal Railroad...Request for Public Comment on Proposed State Rail Plan Guidance...submission, and acceptance of State rail plans. State rail plans are...

2012-08-14

418

24 CFR 3282.302 - State plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false State plan. 3282.302 Section 3282.302 ...HOME PROCEDURAL AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATIONS State Administrative Agencies § 3282.302 State plan. A State wishing to qualify and...

2013-04-01

419

24 CFR 3282.302 - State plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false State plan. 3282.302 Section 3282.302 ...HOME PROCEDURAL AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATIONS State Administrative Agencies § 3282.302 State plan. A State wishing to qualify and...

2010-04-01

420

28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

2014-07-01

421

28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

2012-07-01

422

28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

2011-07-01

423

28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

2010-07-01

424

28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

2013-07-01

425

STATE BOUNDARIES COVERAGE FOR EPA REGION 8  

EPA Science Inventory

This coverage contains the state boundaries for Montana, Colorado, South Dakota, North Dakota, Wyoming, and Utah. These states make up EPA Region 8. The associated attributes include only the state name and the state Federal Information Processing Standards code. ...

426

7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of America. [31 FR 16758, Dec. 31, 1966. Redesignated at 56 FR 64472, Dec. 10,...

2010-01-01

427

7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of America. [31 FR 16758, Dec. 31, 1966. Redesignated at 56 FR 64472, Dec. 10,...

2012-01-01

428

7 CFR 1160.104 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in the continental United States and the District of Columbia, except that United States means the 50 states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia under the following provisions: the petition and review under section...

2010-01-01

429

7 CFR 1160.104 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...in the continental United States and the District of Columbia, except that United States means the 50 states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia under the following provisions: the petition and review under section...

2011-01-01

430

7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of America. [31 FR 16758, Dec. 31, 1966. Redesignated at 56 FR 64472, Dec. 10,...

2011-01-01

431

7 CFR 1160.104 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...in the continental United States and the District of Columbia, except that United States means the 50 states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia under the following provisions: the petition and review under section...

2014-01-01

432

7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of America. [31 FR 16758, Dec. 31, 1966. Redesignated at 56 FR 64472, Dec. 10,...

2013-01-01

433

7 CFR 1160.104 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...in the continental United States and the District of Columbia, except that United States means the 50 states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia under the following provisions: the petition and review under section...

2012-01-01

434

7 CFR 1160.104 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in the continental United States and the District of Columbia, except that United States means the 50 states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia under the following provisions: the petition and review under section...

2013-01-01

435

7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of America. [31 FR 16758, Dec. 31, 1966. Redesignated at 56 FR 64472, Dec. 10,...

2014-01-01

436

2014 Landslide in Washington State  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Photograph from an aerial survey showing the extent and impacts from the landslide in northwest Washington that occurred on March 22, 2014. The survey was conducted by the Washington State Department of Transportation, Washington State Department of Natural Resources, USGS, and King County Sheriff's...

437

Washington State 1995 Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended to present, in tables and graphs, a diversity of information on Washington State, its people, economy, and government. The information was obtained from state and federal agencies and from private businesses. The data are organized into 11 major chapters which cover the following topics (sample subtopics in parentheses):…

Washington State Office of Financial Management, Olympia.

438

Energy Matters in Washington State  

E-print Network

Energy Matters in Washington State Energy Matters in Washington State www.energy.wsu.edu/library/ November 2009 #12;905 Plum Street SE, Building 3 P.O. Box 43169 Olympia, Washington 98504-3169 Energy University Extension Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, Building 3, P.O. Box 43169, Olympia, Washington

Collins, Gary S.

439

1997 State Government Tax Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau has released the statistics on tax collections by the 50 state governments. The largest source of revenue for the state governments is the sales tax, which accounts for one-third of total tax revenue. The statistics may be downloaded as a text or Excel file.

1997-01-01

440

Cyberterrorism: Postmodern State of Chaos  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines cyberterrorism and its potential to create a postmodern state of chaos. In general, chaos refers to a state of extreme confusion and disorder. This analysis breaks new ground in that it describes chaos theory as a foundation for better understanding cyberterrorism and explains how chaos theory and game theory are tightly coupled. The author also contrasts modern,

Jonathan Matusitz

2008-01-01

441

Standards Draw Heat in States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opponents of the Common Core State Standards are ramping up legislative pressure and public relations efforts aimed at getting states to scale back--or even abandon--the high-profile initiative, even as implementation proceeds and tests aligned with the standards loom. Critics of the common core have focused recent lobbying and media efforts on…

Ujifusa, Andrew

2013-01-01

442

The State of Montana Manufacturing  

E-print Network

1 The State of Montana Manufacturing Trends and Analysis2009 Prepared For Montana Manufacturing was prepared by Montana State University Montana Manufacturing Extension Center and The University of Montana of Standards and Technology Manufacturing Extension Partnership, U.S. Department of Commerce. The statements

Dyer, Bill

443

Pariah states and nuclear proliferation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new international actor - the pariah state - has mounted the global stage in recent years. Although rough historical precedents may be discerned, the present international system appears to have produced a novel phenomenon, whereby some isolated small states, lacking assured and credible outside security support, find themselves unable to take advantage of traditional balance-of-power mechanisms. Taiwan, South Africa,

Harkavy

2009-01-01

444

San Diego State police department  

E-print Network

the university community is the primary concern of the University Police. The San Diego State University Police Department practices the philosophy of Community Oriented Policing and is operational 24 hours a day, sevenSan Diego State University police department 2011 Safety and Security report imperial valley campus

Ponce, V. Miguel

445

San Diego State police department  

E-print Network

the university community is the primary concern of the University Police. The San Diego State University Police Department practices the philosophy of Community Oriented Policing and is operational 24 hours a day, sevenSan Diego State University police department 2012 Safety and Security report imperial valley campus

Ponce, V. Miguel

446

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES  

E-print Network

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES The intent of these policies is to provide Truman State University students, faculty and staff with maximum opportunity and space to advertise approved or other methods of advertising. Anything publicized on the University campus by a student organization

Gering, Jon C.

447

State Licensing of Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About 25 health professions and occupations are licensed by one or more states according to the survey of state licensing provisions by the National Center for Health Statistics. Data is presented in 22 chapters on the licensure of administrators, chiropractors, clinical laboratory personnel, dental hygienists, dentists, professional engineers,…

National Center for Health Statistics (DHEW/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

448

Fusarium Keratitis - Multiple States, 2006  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention investigated an outbreak of corneal infections caused by Fusarium involving at least 17 states as of April, 2006. Initial outbreak reports were from Singapore and Hong Kong. Preliminary results suggest that these outbreaks may be linked ...

449

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

State University Risk Management Authority." "University Budget" represents the baseline budget for better than average performance. The percentage of the University's budget allocated to risk managementCALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT 2010 ANNUAL REPORT #12;2010 Annual Report

de Lijser, Peter

450

Working Effectively With State Legislature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This presentation is predicated on the belief that local school leaders must become more actively engaged in increasing effectiveness with state legislators. Political activity cannot be left to state educational associations, rather, school administrators must assume a continuous, active role in the political process without becoming partisan.…

Williams, Fred D.

451

Portland State University Sociology Department  

E-print Network

Portland State University Sociology Department Graduate Program Application Packet Thank you for your interest in the graduate program in sociology at Portland State University. We offer bothD). ______________________________________________ Information about applying to the graduate program in sociology: Applications may be made to either

452

Dymanics of Generalized Coherent States  

E-print Network

We show that generalized coherent states follow Schr\\"{o}dinger dynamics in time-dependent potentials. The normalized wave-packets follow a classical evolution without spreading; in turn, the Schr\\"{o}dinger potential depends on the state through the classical trajectory. This feedback mechanism with continuous dynamical re-adjustement allows the packets to remain coherent indefinetely.

S. De Martino; S. De Siena; F. Illuminati

1995-01-10

453

Collective states and symmetry rearrangement  

SciTech Connect

Collective states provide an important feature of the low-lying excitations in nuclei. Very often these states are inter-mingled with single particle excitations and surface vibrations of the finite nuclei. Here the authors wish to explore the collective states from the general viewpoint of symmetry rearrangement which has been studied extensively by Prof. Umezawa and his collaborators who showed, in a brilliant way, how the Goldstone bosons emerge and how they play the role in restoring the original symmetry operations. The authors have shown here an important relationship between the isovector collective states and symmetry rearrangement in nuclei. The interplay of strong and electromagnetic interactions leads to a finite energy gap for the isomagnons. The role of isomagnons in the low energy excitations has important consequences for {beta}-decay and it is anticipated in the excitation and decay of the matter in a heavy-ion collision. They have calculated the full response function of the Isobaric Analog State (IAS) at zero temperature and the finite temperature response function is analyzed at small T and long wavelength. The present approach of symmetry rearrangement and collective states has established a unified approach to the isovector collective states in nuclei and to collective states in all many-particle systems. This was the conjecture of Hiroomi Umezawa when a study was initially started of symmetry rearrangement in nuclear systems in analogy to his previous studies in condensed matter systems. The authors believe that they have established, at least partially, the vision of Hiroomi Umezawa.

Chu, H.Y. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics; Khanna, F.C. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Physics]|[TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

1996-06-30

454

The Journey for Jackson State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article profiles Jackson State University, a historically Black school of more than 8,000 students located at the southern end of Jackson, Mississippi's majority-Black capital city. Founded in 1877, Jackson State has emerged as one of Mississippi's leading research institutions as well as one of the top HBCUs in the country for research. Its…

Roach, Ronald

2007-01-01

455

Directory of State Arts Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on 55 arts agencies in each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, and the Virgin Islands is listed alphabetically by state or district. Each listing provides name, address, and telephone number of each agency; names of chairman and director; and a brief historical introduction. The information…

National Research Center of the Arts, Inc., New York,. NY.

456

Latino College Completion: United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

457

Exact Coherent States Fabian Waleffe  

E-print Network

coherent states in full Navier-Stokes. Optimum traveling wave and near-wall coherent structures, 100+ streak spacing. Physical space structures of turbulence. State space structure of turbulence. 1 Shear channel flow with near-wall velocity pro- file U(y) Sy (Figure 1), where S is the shear rate. Denote ^x

Lebovitz, Norman

458

California State University, Department of  

E-print Network

1 California State University, Fullerton Department of Counseling STUDENT HANDBOOK 2013-2014 Revised 07/13 #12;2 This Student Handbook was developed for the purpose of informing students) at California State University, Fullerton (CSUF) and the profession of counseling. The handbook serves

de Lijser, Peter

459

Emotional States and Physical Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positive emotional states may promote healthy perceptions, beliefs, and physical well-being itself. To explore potential mechanisms linking pleasant feelings and good health, the authors consider several lines of research, including (a) direct effects of positive affect on physiology, especially the immune system, (b) the information value of emotional experiences, (c) the psychological resources engendered by positive feeling states, (d) the

Peter Salovey; Alexander J. Rothman; Jerusha B. Detweiler; Wayne T. Steward

2000-01-01

460

State Governance Action Report, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fifth edition of the State Governance Action Report that has been produced since 2000 by the Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges' (AGB's) Ingram Center for Public Trusteeship and Governance. Focusing primarily on state and higher education policies directly affecting governance, trusteeship, and institutionally…

Ogle, Greg

2008-01-01

461

Formal State Constitutional Change Processesi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constitutional change in democracies occurs in two ways: by altering the meaning of the document through interpretation, or by altering the text of the document through amendment or revision. For the United States Constitution, change through interpretation predominates. Review of the extensive experience of the American states with \\

Gerald Benjamin

462

Federal, State, and Local regulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a review of federal, state, and local regulations pertinent treatment of leachate from hazardous materials landfills in California. The topics covered include under federal regulations: pretreatment, whole-effluent toxicity, hazardous waste regulation; under state regulations: hazardous waste regulations, air toxics, environmental quality act; under local regulations: local limits, toxicity-regional water quality board, air emissions and district code.

J. M. Kelly; B. L. Brandenburg

1991-01-01

463

State Governance Action Report, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the State Governance Action Report for 2007. Compiled in this report are state policy developments, including legislation, commissions, and studies, affecting the structure, responsibilities, and operations of public higher education governing boards and institutionally related foundations. Governance and governance-related…

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2007

2007-01-01

464

UNITED STATES RENAL DATA SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

The United States Renal Data System (USRDS) is a national data system that collects, analyzes, and distributes information about end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States. The USRDS is funded directly by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseas...

465

Markov Monitoring with Unknown States  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Pattern recognition methods and hidden Markov models can be effective tools for online health monitoring of communications systems. Previous work has assumed that the states in the system model are exhaustive. This can be a significant drawback in real-world fault monitoring applications where it is difficult if not impossible to model all the possible fault states of the system in advance.

Smyth, Padhraic

1993-01-01

466

The Shadow of State Secrets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shadow of state secrets casts itself longer than previously acknowledged. Between 2001 and 2009 the government asserted state secrets in more than 100 cases, while in scores more litigants appealed to the doctrine in anticipation of government intervention. Contractor cases ranged from breach of contract, patent disputes, and trade secrets, to fraud and employment termination. Wrongful death, personal injury,

Laura K. Donohue

2010-01-01

467

School Reform in 10 States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third in a series, this report provides a brief look at the recent history of the education reform movements in 10 states. The report begins with an essay by William Chance, former executive director of the Washington State Temporary Committee on Educational Policies, Structure and Management. In an article entitled "Changing the Terms of…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

468

Climates of the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to provide basic information about the climates of the United States and the causes of these climates. Events of interest in the climatological history of the United States are described and illustrated by many maps, charts and diagrams. The booklet has three major parts. Part I discusses climate and climate control in…

Baldwin, John L.

469

Reinventing the state spaceport concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spaceport Florida Authority, or ``the Authority,'' is meeting the challenge of reinventing the state spaceport concept. The Authority, an economic and academic development agency and a transportation authority that maximizes the strong NASA and military space presence in the state of Florida, serves as a facilitator among industry, education and government sectors that reside on or use Florida's spaceport. This

Edmond Gormel

2002-01-01

470

Guaranteed state estimation by zonotopes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new approach to guaranteed state estimation for non-linear discrete-time systems with a bounded description of noise and parameters. The main result is an algorithm to compute a set that contains the states consistent with the measured output and the given noise and parameters. This set is represented by a zonotope. The size of the zonotope is

T. Alamo; J. M. Bravo; Eduardo F. Camacho

2005-01-01

471

Elevate America's State Voucher Strategy  

E-print Network

Elevate America's State Voucher Strategy to Promote Employability Lessons Learned April 2011 #12 ...............................................................................................................................15 Additional information about Elevate America is available at: http://microsoft.com/elevateamerica #12;2 Elevate America's State Voucher Strategy to Promote Employability Preface On February 22, 2009

Bernstein, Phil

472

Geometry of Gaussian quantum states  

E-print Network

We study the Hilbert-Schmidt measure on the manifold of mixed Gaussian states in multi mode continuous variable quantum systems. An analytical expression for the Hilbert-Schmidt volume element is derived. Its corresponding probability measure can be used to study typical properties of Gaussian states. It turns out that although the manifold of Gaussian states is unbounded, an ensemble of Gaussian states distributed according to this measure still has a normalizable distribution of symplectic eigenvalues, from which unitarily invariant properties can be obtained. By contrast, we find that for an ensemble of one-mode Gaussian states based on the Bures measure the corresponding distribution cannot be normalized. As important applications, we determine the distribution and the mean value of von Neumann entropy and purity for the Hilbert-Schmidt measure.

Valentin Link; Walter T. Strunz

2015-03-09

473

Energy density of variational states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show, in several important and general cases, that a low variational energy density of a trial state is possible even when the trial state represents a different phase from the ground state. Specifically, we ask whether the ground-state energy density of a Hamiltonian whose ground state is in phase A can be approximated to arbitrary accuracy by a wave function, which represents a different phase B. We show this is indeed the case when A has discrete symmetry breaking order in one dimension or topological order in two dimensions, while B is disordered. We argue that, if reasonable conditions of physicality are imposed upon the trial wave function, then this is not possible when A has discrete symmetry breaking in dimensions greater than one and B is symmetric. Some other situations are also discussed.

Balents, Leon

2014-12-01

474

Program Accounting in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet summarizes data on the status of planning, programming, budgeting systems (PPBS) in the United States, based on a survey conducted by the Indiana State Department of Public Instruction in June 1975. Data are presented on a state-by-state basis for 45 states; the states of Hawaii, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, and Tennessee did not respond…

Costerison, Dennis, Comp.

475

Practical decoy state for quantum key distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decoy states have recently been proposed as a useful method for substantially improving the performance of quantum key distribution (QKD). Here, we present a general theory of the decoy state protocol based on only two decoy states and one signal state. We perform optimization on the choice of intensities of the two decoy states and the signal state. Our result

Xiongfeng Ma; Bing Qi; Yi Zhao; Hoi-Kwong Lo

2005-01-01

476

Pennsylvania Institute of State and Regional Affairs  

E-print Network

SDCPa Pennsylvania State Data Center Institute of State and Regional Affairs Penn State Harrisburg in Pennsylvania since it was established at Penn State Harrisburg in 1973. The Institute was created as a means. The Institute of State and Regional Affairs Institute of State and Regional Affairs (717) 948-6178 Pennsylvania

Maroncelli, Mark

477

31 CFR 800.225 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...United States or U.S. means the United States of America, the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and...entity organized under the laws of the United States of America, one of the States, the District...

2013-07-01

478

31 CFR 800.225 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...United States or U.S. means the United States of America, the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and...entity organized under the laws of the United States of America, one of the States, the District...

2010-07-01

479

31 CFR 800.225 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...United States or U.S. means the United States of America, the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and...entity organized under the laws of the United States of America, one of the States, the District...

2014-07-01

480

31 CFR 800.225 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...United States or U.S. means the United States of America, the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and...entity organized under the laws of the United States of America, one of the States, the District...

2011-07-01

481

31 CFR 800.225 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...United States or U.S. means the United States of America, the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and...entity organized under the laws of the United States of America, one of the States, the District...

2012-07-01

482

State-to-state dynamics of molecular energy transfer  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this research program is to elucidate the elementary dynamical mechanisms of vibrational and rotational energy transfer between molecules, at a quantum-state resolved level of detail. Molecular beam techniques are used to isolate individual molecular collisions, and to control the kinetic energy of collision. Lasers are used both to prepare specific quantum states prior to collision by stimulated-emission pumping (SEP), and to measure the distribution of quantum states in the collision products by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). The results are interpreted in terms of dynamical models, which may be cast in a classical, semiclassical or quantum mechanical framework, as appropriate.

Gentry, W.R.; Giese, C.F. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)

1993-12-01

483

Tensor network states and geometry  

E-print Network

Tensor network states are used to approximate ground states of local Hamiltonians on a lattice in D spatial dimensions. Different types of tensor network states can be seen to generate different geometries. Matrix product states (MPS) in D=1 dimensions, as well as projected entangled pair states (PEPS) in D>1 dimensions, reproduce the D-dimensional physical geometry of the lattice model; in contrast, the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) generates a (D+1)-dimensional holographic geometry. Here we focus on homogeneous tensor networks, where all the tensors in the network are copies of the same tensor, and argue that certain structural properties of the resulting many-body states are preconditioned by the geometry of the tensor network and are therefore largely independent of the choice of variational parameters. Indeed, the asymptotic decay of correlations in homogeneous MPS and MERA for D=1 systems is seen to be determined by the structure of geodesics in the physical and holographic geometries, respectively; whereas the asymptotic scaling of entanglement entropy is seen to always obey a simple boundary law -- that is, again in the relevant geometry. This geometrical interpretation offers a simple and unifying framework to understand the structural properties of, and helps clarify the relation between, different tensor network states. In addition, it has recently motivated the branching MERA, a generalization of the MERA capable of reproducing violations of the entropic boundary law in D>1 dimensions.

G. Evenbly; G. Vidal

2011-06-06

484

XYZ States - Results from Experiments  

E-print Network

Charmonium(-like) or bottomonium(-like) states, which are incompatible with predictions from a static quark anti-quark potential model, are often refered to as XYZ states. In this lecture, some peculiar properties of states such as the X(3872), the Y(4260), or the Zc(3900) are explained. Such properties are utmost proximity to a threshold, overpopulation of states, or possibly binding in the regime of string breaking. Among decays, the surprising observation of isospin violation, and using radiative decays for the observation of a D-wave state is discussed. A second part of the lecture presents recent precision measurements of masses of newly observed bottomonium states. These masses can be used for testing particular aspects of the potential, such as test of the tensor term or test of the flavor independence. At the end, an example is given, how future experiments may be able to measure widths of a charmonium(-like) state in the sub-MeV regime.

Lange, Sören

2013-01-01

485

XYZ States - Results from Experiments  

E-print Network

Charmonium(-like) or bottomonium(-like) states, which are incompatible with predictions from a static quark anti-quark potential model, are often refered to as XYZ states. In this lecture, some peculiar properties of states such as the X(3872), the Y(4260), or the Zc(3900) are explained. Such properties are utmost proximity to a threshold, overpopulation of states, or possibly binding in the regime of string breaking. Among decays, the surprising observation of isospin violation, and using radiative decays for the observation of a D-wave state is discussed. A second part of the lecture presents recent precision measurements of masses of newly observed bottomonium states. These masses can be used for testing particular aspects of the potential, such as test of the tensor term or test of the flavor independence. At the end, an example is given, how future experiments may be able to measure widths of a charmonium(-like) state in the sub-MeV regime.

Sören Lange

2013-11-29

486

Reusable State Machine Code Generator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The State Machine model is frequently used to represent the behaviour of a system, allowing one to express and execute this behaviour in a deterministic way. A graphical representation such as a UML State Chart diagram tames the complexity of the system, thus facilitating changes to the model and communication between developers and domain experts. We present a reusable state machine code generator, developed by the Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María and the European Southern Observatory. The generator itself is based on the open source project architecture, and uses UML State Chart models as input. This allows for a modular design and a clean separation between generator and generated code. The generated state machine code has well-defined interfaces that are independent of the implementation artefacts such as the middle-ware. This allows using the generator in the substantially different observatory software of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array and the ESO Very Large Telescope. A project-specific mapping layer for event and transition notification connects the state machine code to its environment, which can be the Common Software of these projects, or any other project. This approach even allows to automatically create tests for a generated state machine, using techniques from software testing, such as path-coverage.

Hoffstadt, A. A.; Reyes, C.; Sommer, H.; Andolfato, L.

2010-12-01

487

Quantum State Discrimination with Bosonic Channels and Gaussian States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Discriminating between quantum states is an indispensable part of quantum information theory. This thesis investigates state discrimination of continuous quantum variables, focusing on bosonic communication channels and Gaussian states. The specific state discrimination problems studied are (a) quantum illumination and (b) optimal measurements for decoding bosonic channels. Quantum illumination is a technique for detection and imaging which uses entanglement between a probe and an ancilla to enhance sensitivity. I shall show how entanglement can help with the discrimination between two noisy and lossy bosonic channels, one in which a target reflects back a small part of the probe light, and the other in which all probe light is lost. This enhancement is obtained even though the channels are entanglement-breaking. The main result of this study is that, under optimum detection in the asymptotic limit of many detection trials, 6 dB of improvement in the error exponent can be achieved by using an entangled state as compared to a classical state. In the study of optimal measurements for decoding bosonic channels, I shall present an alternative measurement to the pretty-good measurement for attaining the classical capacity of the lossy bosonic channel given product coherent-state inputs. This new measurement has the feature that, at each step of the measurement, only projective measurements are needed. The measurement is a sequential one: the number of steps required is exponential in the code length, and the error rate of this measurement goes to zero in the limit of large code length. Although not physically practical in itself, this new measurement has a simple physical interpretation in terms of collective energy measurements, and may give rise to an implementation of an optimal measurement for lossy bosonic channels. The two problems studied in my thesis are examples of how state discrimination can be useful in solving problems by using quantum mechanical properties such as entanglement and entangling measurements. (Copies available exclusively from MIT Libraries, libraries.mit.edu/docs - docs mit.edu)

Tan, Si Hui

488

Appearance of Gibbs states in quantum-state tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I investigate the extent to which the description of quantum systems by Gibbs states can be justified purely on the basis of tomographic data, without recourse to theoretical concepts such as infinite ensembles, environments, or information or to the systems' dynamics. I show that the use of Gibbs states amounts to a relevance hypothesis, which I spell out in detail. This hypothesis can be subjected to statistical hypothesis testing and hence assessed on the basis of the experimental data.

Rau, Jochen

2014-12-01

489

Perfect State Transfer on a Spin Chain without State Initialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate that perfect state transfer can be achieved using an\\u000aengineered spin chain and clean local end-chain operations, without requiring\\u000athe initialization of the state of the medium nor fine tuning of\\u000acontrol-pulses. This considerably relaxes the prerequisites for obtaining\\u000areliable transfer of quantum information across interacting-spin systems.\\u000aMoreover, it allows us to shed light on the interplay among

C. Di Franco; M. Paternostro; M. S. Kim

2008-01-01

490

Perfect State Transfer on a Spin Chain without State Initialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate that perfect state transfer can be achieved using an engineered spin chain and clean local end-chain operations, without requiring the initialization of the state of the medium nor fine-tuning of control pulses. This considerably relaxes the prerequisites for obtaining reliable transfer of quantum information across interacting-spin systems. Moreover, it allows us to shed light on the interplay among

C. di Franco; M. Paternostro; M. S. Kim

2008-01-01

491

State Geological Surveys and Related Agencies in the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page is part of the California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology Web site. It provides a list of state geological surveys and related organizations in the United States (and Puerto Rico). For all of these agencies, mail addresses as well as known e-mail and Internet links are provided. Links are also provided to pages on geologic mapping, geologic hazards, earthquake engineering, mineral resources, and technical information and publications.

492

Matrix product states for trial quantum Hall states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We obtain an exact matrix-product-state (MPS) representation of a large series of fractional quantum Hall (FQH) states in various geometries of genus 0. The states in question include all paired k=2 Jack polynomials, such as the Moore-Read and Gaffnian states, as well as the Read-Rezayi k=3 state. We also outline the procedures through which the MPSs of other model FQH states can be obtained, provided their wave function can be written as a correlator in a 1+1 conformal field theory (CFT). The auxiliary Hilbert space of the MPS, which gives the counting of the entanglement spectrum, is then simply the Hilbert space of the underlying CFT. This formalism enlightens the link between entanglement spectrum and edge modes. Properties of model wave functions such as the thin-torus root partitions and squeezing are recast in the MPS form, and numerical benchmarks for the accuracy of the new MPS prescription in various geometries are provided.

Estienne, B.; Papi?, Z.; Regnault, N.; Bernevig, B. A.

2013-04-01

493

Formylmethylene: the triplet ground state and the lowest singlet state.  

PubMed

The ground triplet state and lowest singlet state of formylmethylene have been proposed as important intermediates in the Wolff rearrangement of ?-diazo ketones into ketenes. The ground triplet state of formylmethylene has been examined experimentally, but the lowest singlet state has yet to be observed. We predict equilibrium geometries, energies, bonding, dipole moments, and harmonic vibrational frequencies for these two lowest states of formylmethylene at the cc-pVQZ CCSD(T) level of theory. The singlet-triplet energy difference [?E(S-T)] is quite sensitive to the level of theory. The highly accurate cc-pVQZ CCSD(T) level of theory yields the most reliable result of only 2.0 kcal mol(-1). An estimate based on the experimentally characterized CH2 molecule yields ?E(S-T) = 1.27 kcal mol(-1). In addition, accurate quartic force fields have been determined at the cc-pVTZ CCSD(T) level of theory. Fundamental vibrational frequencies, anharmonic constants, and vibration-rotation coupling constants were determined using vibrational second-order perturbation theory (VPT2). Our results should aid in experimental detection and characterization of the lowest singlet state of formylmethylene, which is highly desirable for better understanding the mechanism of the Wolff rearrangement. PMID:23406310

Guan, Jun; Randall, Katherine R; Schaefer, Henry F; Li, Huidong

2013-03-14

494

Magnetic Edge States in Graphene  

E-print Network

Magnetic confinement in graphene has been of recent and growing interest because its potential applications in nanotechnology. In particular, the observation of the so called magnetic edge states in graphene has opened the possibility to deepen into the generation of spin currents and its applications in spintronics. We study the magnetic edge states of quasi-particles arising in graphene monolayers due to an inhomogeneous magnetic field of a magnetic barrier in the formalism of the two-dimensional massless Dirac equation. We also show how the solutions of such states in each of both triangular sublattices of the graphene are related through a supersymmetric transformation in the quantum mechanical sense.

Gabriela Murguia

2010-08-29

495

Arkansas Digital State Publications Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The state of Arkansas publishes hundreds of official newsletters, technical reports, and advisory documents each year. This archive contains over 6,100 of these documents, including the "2005 Arkansas Youth Tobacco Survey" and the "Spring 2001 Arkansas Wild Turkey Harvest Report." First-time visitors can look over the scrolling list of available documents here to get a feel for these materials. The site offers a great trove for those with an interest in public policy matters throughout the state and for students of state governance it is truly invaluable.

496

Unpolarized states and hidden polarization  

E-print Network

We capitalize on a multipolar expansion of the polarisation density matrix, in which multipoles appear as successive moments of the Stokes variables. When all the multipoles up to a given order $K$ vanish, we can properly say that the state is $K$th-order unpolarized, as it lacks of polarization information to that order. First-order unpolarized states coincide with the corresponding classical ones, whereas unpolarized to any order tally with the quantum notion of fully invariant states. In between these two extreme cases, there is a rich variety of situations that are explored here. The existence of \\textit{hidden} polarisation emerges in a natural way in this context.

P. de la Hoz; G. Bjork; A. B. Klimov; G. Leuchs; L. L. Sanchez-Soto

2014-09-26

497

Production of light stringy states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the direct production of light stringy states. Those states correspond to the lightest stringy excitations localized at the intersection of two D-brane stacks and their mass can be parametrically smaller than the string scale. Thus in a low string scale scenario one may observe stringy signatures at LHC even in the absence of the usual string resonances. We compute the tree level string scattering amplitude involving two gauge bosons and two such light stringy states. We give the squared amplitude summed over all polarization and gauge configuration and eventually apply the result to the quark sector of a D-brane realization of the Standard Model.

Anastasopoulos, Pascal; Richter, Robert

2014-12-01

498

State building energy codes status  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the State Building Energy Codes Status prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830 and dated September 1996. The U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Codes and Standards has developed this document to provide an information resource for individuals interested in energy efficiency of buildings and the relevant building energy codes in each state and U.S. territory. This is considered to be an evolving document and will be updated twice a year. In addition, special state updates will be issued as warranted.

NONE

1996-09-01

499

Chimera states in heterogeneous networks  

E-print Network

Chimera states in networks of coupled oscillators occur when some fraction of the oscillators synchronise with one another, while the remaining oscillators are incoherent. Several groups have studied chimerae in networks of identical oscillators, but here we study these states in a heterogeneous model for which the natural frequencies of the oscillators are chosen from a distribution. We obtain exact results by reduction to a finite set of differential equations. We find that heterogeneity can destroy chimerae, destroy all states except chimerae, or destabilise chimerae in Hopf bifurcations, depending on the form of the heterogeneity.

Carlo R. Laing

2008-12-17

500

Transboundary aquifers: Southwestern states assess  

E-print Network

of these areas,? said Karl Wood, director of the New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute at New Mexico State Uni- versity. New Mexico State is the lead institu- tion for this project. Because surface water is scarce and unreli- able, the area relies... of these areas. ? ? ?Karl Wood, director of the New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute at New Mexico State University aquifers _ tx H2O | pg. 16 Using groundwater for irrigation is also a factor because of the continuing drought that has...

Wythe, Kathy

2008-01-01