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1

Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Urban Farming in Uyo Metropolis of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the determinants of technical efficiency of urban farming in Uyo metropolis of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria using a stochastic frontier production function. Structured questionnaires were used to collect cost-route data from 75 respondents randomly selected from four designated locations in the project area. The findings revealed that the co-efficient of farm size, capital, manures and planting materials

V. O. EBONG; E. O. EFFIONG; Obio Akpa

2009-01-01

2

Prevalence and Management Issues Associated with Poultry Coccidiosis in Abak Agricultural Zone of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of six farms each randomly selected from each of five local government areas of Abak agricultural zone of Akwa Ibom State, Southeastern Nigeria, was conducted to assess on-farm prevalence and management of poultry coccidiosis. The study, which involved scrutiny of farm and clinical records, distribution of structured and pre-tested questionnaires to elicit relevant data, showed that in the

2004-01-01

3

Female circumcision and its health implications: a study of the Uruan Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.  

PubMed

A total of 400 subjects was randomly selected from 40 villages in the Uruan Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State for the study. The purposes of the study were to: i. identify the 'established benefits' of female circumcision; ii. identify the health hazards that accompany the practice; and iii. create awareness among community members of the ill-effects of the practice. The study discovered a strong belief in the established benefits and poor appreciation of the health hazards of female circumcision by the participants. Recommendations were made for more efforts in public health education programmes on the ill-effects of the practice. Studies were also recommended to be conducted in other parts of the country to assess the level of awareness on the ill-effects of such an operation and the institution of educational programmes where applicable. PMID:9223848

Ebong, R D

1997-04-01

4

Effects of parental involvement in HIV/AIDS preventive education on secondary student knowledge about transmission and prevention in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.  

PubMed

This study investigated HIV/AIDS preventive health education involving nurses alone (IG1) and another involving both nurses and trained parents/ guardians (IG2) on students' knowledge of HIV/AIDS' transmission and prevention in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Subjects included 339 students selected through a multistage and stratified random sampling technique. A pre-test/post-test intervention design with control group was used. Data were obtained using questionnaire, and analysis involved the use of analysis of covariance, multiple classification analysis, and Scheffe's post-hoc test. Results show that students exposed to parental involvement had significantly better mean scores on knowledge of prevention (IG2: x=7.51; IG1: x=6.96 control: x=3.82). Furthermore, although the male students had significantly higher mean score with intervention involving only nurses, the females had higher mean score with intervention involving parents/guardians. It is recommended that parents/guardians should be trained and involved in HIV/AIDS' preventive education of secondary school students. PMID:19342358

Akpabio, I I; Asuzu, M C; Fajemilehin, B R; Ofi, Bola

5

A survey of the repository of groundwater potential and distribution using geoelectrical resistivity method in Itu Local Government Area (L.G.A), Akwa Ibom State, southern Nigeria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vertical electrical sounding (VES), employing a Schlumberger electrode configuration, was used to investigate the sediments and aquifer repositories in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom state, southern Nigeria. This was done in sixteen (16) locations/communities with the maximum current electrode spread ranging between 800-1000m. The field data were interpreted using forward and iterative least square inversion modeling, which gives a resolution with 3-5 geoelectric layers. The observed frequencies in curve types include 31.25% of AKH, 18.8% of AAK and HK and 6.25% of K, QHK, AKH, KA and KHQ, respectively. These sets of curves show a wide range of variabilities in resistivities between and within the layers penetrated by current. The presence of K and H curve types in the study area indicates the alteration of the geomaterials with limited hydrologic significance to the prolific groundwater repository. A correlation of the constrained nearby borehole lithology logs with the VES results shows that the layers were all sandy formations (fine and well sorted sands to gravelly sands or medium to coarse-grained sands as described by nearby lithology logs) with some wide ranges of electrical resistivity values and thicknesses caused by electrostratigraphic inhomogeneity. The geologic topsoil (motley topsoil) is generally porous and permeable and as such the longitudinal conductance ( S) values for the covering/protective layer is generally less than unity of Siemens ( S < 1?-1), the value considered for efficient protection of the underlying aquifers by the topmost and overlying layer. The spatial orientations and the leveling patterns of the most economically viable potential groundwater repository within the maximum current electrode separations has been delineated in 2-D and 3-D contoured maps. The estimated depth range for the desired groundwater repository is 32.6-113.1m and its average depth value is 74.30m. The thickness of this layer ranges from 27.9-103m while its average depth has been evaluated to be 63.02m. Also, its resistivity range and average value have been estimated to be 507-5612m and 3365.125?m

Ibuot, J. C.; Akpabio, G. T.; George, N. J.

2013-12-01

6

PAH depositional history and sources in recent sediment core from Ukwa Ibom Lake, S. E. Nigeria.  

PubMed

Analyses of recent sediment core from the Ukwa Ibom Lake show evidence of aquatic production, terrigenous, combustion and petroleum inputs. Total organic carbon/total nitrogen values (>10) for the sediments indicate greater wash-in of land-plant organic matter relative to algal production. The characteristic combustion ratios, fluoranthene/fluoranthene + pyrene (>0.50), anthracene/anthracene + phenanthrene (>0.10), benzo(a)anthracene/benzo(a)anthracene + chrysene (>0.35) as well as 1,7/1,7 + 2,6-dimethylphenanthrene (>0.70) were observed for the top section only. These results coincided with the most recent pave-road extension exercise involving tree logging and burning of bush. The highest total PAH concentration (91.13 ng/g dry weight (dw)) observed for the bottom section coincided with the period of inhabitation of the lake catchments (~5 decades ago) when discharge to the Lake water of domestic sewage and mill waste water were prevalent. The regular decline in total PAH concentrations upcore is a reflection of the ban placed on indiscriminate dumping of wastes following relocation of the inhabitants of the catchments. Besides the local depositional history, the irregular decrease in unresolved complex mixture (UCM) profiles suggests regional contaminant influx from the adjacent upper Cross River estuary, especially during intense rainfall event. The non-uniformity in methylphenanthrene indices (MPI-1 and MPI-2) shows evidence of importation and utilization of petroleum products of different thermal maturity histories into the Nigerian economy. PMID:22821212

Oyo-Ita, O E; Oyo-Ita, I O

2013-04-01

7

Current trends of immunization in Nigeria: prospect and challenges.  

PubMed

Immunization is aimed at the prevention of infectious diseases. In Nigeria, the National Programme on Immunization (NPI) suffers recurrent setbacks due to many factors including ethnicity and religious beliefs. Nigeria is made up of 36 states with its federal capital in Abuja. The country is divided into six geo-political zones; north central, north west, north east, south east, south west and south south. The population is unevenly distributed across the country. The average population density in 2006 was estimated at 150 people per square kilometres with Lagos, Anambra, Imo, Abia, and Akwa Ibom being the most densely populated states. Most of the densely populated states are found in the south east. Kano with an average density of 442 persons per square kilometre, is the most densely populated state in the northern part of the country. This study presents a review on the current immunization programme and the many challenges affecting its success in the eradication of childhood diseases in Nigeria. PMID:25237283

Ophori, Endurance A; Tula, Musa Y; Azih, Azuka V; Okojie, Rachel; Ikpo, Precious E

2014-06-01

8

Micronutrient dynamics in some wetland soils of south-eastern Nigeria.  

PubMed

The inventory of profile distribution of total iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), manganese(Mn) and copper(Cu) were determined in three different soil horizons each of the wetland soils selected form Mbiabet(MB), Nkari (NK) and Nkana(NA) in Ini Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Total Fe ranged between 3.25 and 4.15 ppm. The average contents were 3.72, 3.91 and 3.62 ppm in Mbiabet(MB), Nkari(NK) and Nkana(NA) soils respectively. The total value of Zn also ranged between 2.4 and 4.9 ppm with the average content in each soil being 28.27, 17.73 and 36.53 ppm respectively. The amount of Fe and Zn in these soil profiles were strongly correlated with the clay content and high levels of organic matter of 3.70%, 2.47% and 2.5% respectively. The content clearly reflected a poor drainage conditions. In all the soil profiles Mn and Cu were detected in at least one of the soil horizons. However, Mn and Cu were not detected in the soil horizons at Nkari. Generally, the relative inventory of these micronutrients appeared to be influenced by pH, drainage pattern, organic matter and clay contents of these soils. The inventory of total values of the wetland soils considered are assessed in the light of establishing a baseline information. PMID:12602600

Okon, Aniefiokmkpong O; Antia-Obong, Emem

2003-01-01

9

Distribution of vibrio species in shellfish and water samples collected from the atlantic coastline of south-east Nigeria.  

PubMed

Crayfish, lobster, and sea-water samples collected from five fishing islands on the Atlantic coast-Bight of Biafra (Bonny)-belonging to Ibaka Local Government Area of Akwa-Ibom State of Nigeria were bacteriologically evaluated on thiosulphate citrate bile-salt sucrose (TCBS) agar for Vibrio load and pathotypes. Mean log10 Vibrio counts of 7.64+/-2.78 cfu/g (in crayfish), 5.07+/-3.21 cfu/g (in lobster), and 3.06+/-2.27 cfu/mL (in sea-water) were obtained in rainy season (June-July) while counts in the dry season (November-December) were 6.25+/-1.93 cfu/g, 5.99+/-1.54 cfu/g, and 3.84+/-1.78 cfu/mL respectively. The physicochemical measurements (temperature, pH, and total dissolved solutes) of the sea-water did not vary significantly in the two seasons across all five islands. Vibrio species isolated were Vibrio cholerae (both O1 and non-O1 serotypes), V parahaemolyticus, V vulnificus, V mimicus, and V fluvialis. Both Ogawa and Inaba subtypes of V cholerae O1 serotype were found. In addition, the Hikojima subtype, which had not been previously reported in the region, was isolated in two samples. The results show that these Vibrio species are endemic in the area. PMID:24288944

Eyisi, Onyedikachukwu A L; Nwodo, Uchechukwu U; Iroegbu, Christian U

2013-09-01

10

Self-Medication: potential risks and hazards among pregnant women in Uyo, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Introduction There is increasing evidence that self-medications among pregnant women are common in many developing countries. Despite the adverse impact on pregnancy, there are few programs available for their control. The objective of this study was to assess the level of self-medication amongst Nigerian pregnant women in order to determine possible harmful effects on fetus. Methods Five hundred and eighteen 518 pregnant women, aged between 18 and 40 years, drawn from three General hospitals in Akwa Ibom State were assessed for self-medication and substance abuse using an instrument, adapted from a modified form of 117-item self-report questionnaire based on the WHO guidelines for students’ substance use survey. Results Of the 518 pregnant women assessed, 375 (72.4%) indulged in one form of self-medication or the other; 143 (27.6%) used only drugs prescribed from the antenatal clinic. A total of 157 (41.9%) pregnant women self-medicate fever/pain relievers; 47 (9.1%) mixture of herbs and other drugs; 15 (4.0%) sedatives; 13 (3.5%) alcohol; while 5 (1.3%) used kolanuts. Reasons for using these substances range from protection from witches and witchcrafts, preventing pregnancy from coming out, for blood; poor sleep, fever and vomiting and infections. There was a significant difference in the rate of using analgesics (X2=9.43, p=0.001); and antibiotic (X2=4.43, p=0.001) among pregnant women who were highly educated compared to those with little or no education. However, the level of education has no impact in the usage of native herbs. Conclusion This study shows that self-medication is common among pregnant women in our environment. There is need for adequate education of pregnant women during antenatal clinics on the potential danger of self-medication so as to prevent child and maternal morbidity and mortality. PMID:23308320

Abasiubong, Festus; Bassey, Emem Abasi; Udobang, John Akpan; Akinbami, Oluyinka Samuel; Udoh, Sunday Bassey; Idung, Alphonsus Udo

2012-01-01

11

Blooming States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Population growth in successive decades has followed different trends for states across the country. While many states had early, substantial growth in percentage terms most of that population growth was quite small in numeric terms. In contrast, states with high percentage growth in more recent decades also gained very large numbers of people.

Bureau, Us C.

12

FLORIDA STATE Florida State University,  

E-print Network

the academically motivated, intellectually curious, and socially conscious student. We are more than just a place facilities; supportive, student-centered community; and more than 150 undergraduate majors provide you-eminent research universities in the state. #12;At Florida State, you will find a rigorous academic environment

13

FLORIDA STATE Florida State University,  

E-print Network

the academically motivated, intellectually curious, and socially conscious student. We are more than just a place dance and performance facilities; supportive, student-centered community; and more than 150-eminent research universities in the state. 2 #12;At Florida State, you will find a rigorous academic environment

14

The state of state taxes  

SciTech Connect

Deregulation of the electric utility industry is putting into conflict states` desires to maintain their revenue streams and utilities` needs to reduce costs. Three of the most important taxation battlefronts will be the issues of nexus, the disparate tax treatment of regulated utilities, and the competition among states to lure new businesses.

Semes, M.J. [PricewaterhouseCoopers, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Energy Industry Group] [PricewaterhouseCoopers, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Energy Industry Group

1998-08-01

15

Solid State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a webpage filled with Solid State learning objects with over 40 lessons in: Semiconductor Diodes, Rectifier Flitering and Regulation, D/A and A/D Converters, Opto Electronic Devices, Operational Amplifiers, Transistors, Thyristors, and Timers.

2012-12-28

16

State Aid  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report, published by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), will most likely be used by financial aid professionals and researchers. The report, offered in .pdf format, is a statistical analysis of the differences among students attending institutions in states that provide different levels of financial aid.

17

State of the States, 2012: Arts Education State Policy Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State of the States 2012" summarizes state policies for arts education identified in statute or code for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information is based primarily on results from the AEP Arts Education State Policy Survey conducted in 2010-11, and updated in April 2012.

Arts Education Partnership (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

18

State Correctional Education Programs. State Policy Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secure state correctional facilities currently house more than 1.8 million adults, and nearly 4.4 million adults fall under state-administered community corrections. A state's approach to corrections and the communication between the state correctional components can have a large impact on the state's correctional education program. Decentralized…

Tolbert, Michelle

19

NAEP State-by-State: Cautious Conclusions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state-by-state comparisons of results on the 1998 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) present the literacy community with some good news and a bit of a puzzle: scores have improved, but the results cannot provide answers as to why one grade or state is doing better or worse than in the past. State-by-state results show that…

Reading Today, 1999

1999-01-01

20

K-12 Science Standards, State by State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a study evaluating state standards in science. The treatment of evolution, which varies tremendously in quality from state to state, is discussed at length. In some states--Arizona for example--evolution is completely ignored in the life sciences. Highlights local political battles. Describes good evolution curricula in Connecticut,…

Lerner, Lawrence S.

1998-01-01

21

The 50 States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This unit we will be learning the 50 states and their capitals. How many states do we have in the United States? They all have capitals too?! Well, buckle your seat belts and lets go! Learning the 50 States and their capitals 50 States Songl State capitals song This is a blank map of the United ...

Thomas, Ms.

2008-11-19

22

State-Machine Replication  

E-print Network

State-Machine Replication #12;The Problem Clients Server #12;The Problem Clients Server #12;The (state machine) #12;The Solution 1. Make server deterministic (state machine) State machine #12;The Solution 1. Make server deterministic (state machine) 2. Replicate server State machines #12;The Solution 1

Venkataramani, Arun

23

Coherent State Topological Cluster State Production  

E-print Network

We present results illustrating the construction of 3D topological cluster states with coherent state logic. Such a construction would be ideally suited to wave-guide implementations of quantum optical processing. We investigate the use of a ballistic CSign gate, showing that given large enough initial cat states, it is possible to build large 3D cluster states. We model X and Z basis measurements by displaced photon number detections and x-quadrature homodyne detections, respectively. We investigate whether teleportation can aid cluster state construction and whether the introduction of located loss errors fits within the topological cluster state framework.

C. R. Myers; T. C. Ralph

2011-01-28

24

Coherent State Topological Cluster State Production  

E-print Network

We present results illustrating the construction of 3D topological cluster states with coherent state logic. Such a construction would be ideally suited to wave-guide implementations of quantum optical processing. We investigate the use of a ballistic CSign gate, showing that given large enough initial cat states, it is possible to build large 3D cluster states. We model X and Z basis measurements by displaced photon number detections and x-quadrature homodyne detections, respectively. We investigate whether teleportation can aid cluster state construction and whether the introduction of located loss errors fits within the topological cluster state framework.

Myers, C R

2011-01-01

25

State of the States in Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the latest edition of the "State of the States in Developmental Disabilities" study--a thorough and the only one of its kind investigation on public spending, revenues, and programmatic trends of intellectual and developmental programs and services within the United States since 1977. Directed by leading researcher, Dr. David Braddock, the…

Braddock, David; Hemp, Richard; Rizzolo, Mary Kay

2008-01-01

26

Nozick's minimal state?  

E-print Network

In his book, Anarchy , State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick argues that the only state that can be justified is the minimal state, a state limited to providing protection for all its citizens. Nozick explains how a minimal state could naturally develop...

Russell, Darrell James

2012-06-07

27

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

28

Generalized coherent states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the coherent state of the harmonic oscillator, the probability density is that of the ground state subjected to an oscillation along a classical trajectory. Senitzky and others pointed out that there are states of the harmonic oscillator corresponding to an identical oscillatory displacement of the probability density of any energy eigenstate. These generalizations of the coherent state are rarely discussed, yet they furnish an interesting set of quantum states of light that combine features of number states and coherent states. Here, we give an elementary account of the quantum optics of generalized coherent states.

Philbin, T. G.

2014-08-01

29

State Legislative Search Guide State Childhood Obesity Policy Evaluation (SCOPE) State Legislative Search Guide  

E-print Network

State Legislative Search Guide State Childhood Obesity Policy Evaluation (SCOPE) I State that can provide topical introductions to legislation across the states. State Childhood Obesity Policy Evaluation #12;State Legislative Search Guide State Childhood Obesity Policy Evaluation (SCOPE) II

30

The Pennsylvania State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1855 as the Farmer's High School, the Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) began as a small college in Centre County providing agricultural education to young men from regional farm families. Penn State became a land-grant university in 1863 following passage of the Morrill Act. Today, Penn State enrolls more than 83,000 students…

Burlingame, Philip J.; Dowhower, Andrea L.

2009-01-01

31

State Endangered Species Acts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of state governments in protecting not just endangered species but all species can be summed up with one fact: state governments traditionally have been the chief stewards of wildlife within their borders. The states therefore serve a vital role in protecting and conserving their own plants, animals, and habitats. Yet while states historically were given the role of

Snape William J. III

2010-01-01

32

Religion under State Constitutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

State constitutional provisions concerning church and state differ in specificity and substance from the First Amendment's establish ment clause. In large part, these differences reflect the fact that the state provisions originated in concrete historical disputes. After the American colonies declared independence, conflict over established churches led states to adopt provisions safeguarding freedom of worship and prohibiting aid to religious

G. Alan Tarr

1988-01-01

33

State Appropriations: Drought Warning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After two decades of increase, state funding for higher education is drying up because of inflation and declining state revenues due to recession. States need to reemphasize the importance of higher education. Political action may be the way to reverse the downward trend in state financing of higher education. (MLW)

Ream, James A.

1981-01-01

34

State by State : automated alignment and analysis of state statutes  

E-print Network

In this work, we explore text alignment with the context of the legal domain and outline several new tasks designed to make comparison and analysis of inhomogenous state statute hierarchies easier. We explore the unique ...

Hynes, Zachary (Zachary K.)

2014-01-01

35

Two-state teleportation  

E-print Network

Quantum teleportation with additional a priori information about the input state achieves higher fidelity than teleportation of a completely unknown state. However, perfect teleportation of two non-orthogonal input states requires the same amount of entanglement as perfect teleportation of an unknown state, namely one ebit. We analyse how well two-state teleportation can be achieved using every degree of pure-state entanglement, and discuss the fidelity of `teleportation' that can be achieved with only classical communication but no shared entanglement. A two-state telecloning scheme is constructed.

L. Henderson; L. Hardy; V. Vedral

1999-10-06

36

Two-state teleportation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum teleportation with additional a priori information about the input state achieves higher fidelity than teleportation of a completely unknown state. However, perfect teleporation of two nonorthogonal input states requires the same amount of entanglement as perfect teleportation of an unknown state, namely one ebit. We analyze how well two-state teleportation can be achieved using every degree of pure-state entanglement. We find the highest fidelity of ``teleportation'' that can be achieved with only classical communication but no shared entanglement. A two-state telecloning scheme is constructed.

Henderson, L.; Hardy, L.; Vedral, V.

2000-06-01

37

State Government Tax Collections Data by State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau has released new datasets. State Tax Collection data contains "information on tax revenues of the 50 States and District of Columbia" for the period 1992 to 1996. Datasets can be downloaded in either ASCII or spreadsheet (.wk1) format. Technical information about the datasets is also available online. Note that data coverage may vary by format.

38

Evolution of Pure States into Mixed States  

E-print Network

In the formulation of Banks, Peskin and Susskind, we show that one can construct evolution equations for the quantum mechanical density matrix $\\rho$ with operators which do not commute with hamiltonian which evolve pure states into mixed states, preserve the normalization and positivity of $\\rho$ and conserve energy. Furthermore, it seems to be different from a quantum mechanical system with random sources.

Jun Liu

1993-01-19

39

Colorado State University Colorado State University  

E-print Network

institutions, where the leading object shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits medicine. Colorado State University has a unique mission in the state of Colorado. The land-grant concept

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

40

Are quantum states real?  

E-print Network

In this paper we consider theories in which reality is described by some underlying variables. Each value these variables can take represents an ontic state (a particular state of reality). The preparation of a quantum state corresponds to a distribution over the ontic states. If we make three basic assumptions, we can show that the distributions over ontic states corresponding to distinct pure states are non-overlapping. This means that we can deduce the quantum state from a knowledge of the ontic state. Hence, if these assumptions are correct, we can claim that the quantum state is a real thing (it is written into the underlying variables that describe reality). The key assumption we use in this proof is ontic indifference - that quantum transformations that do not affect a given pure quantum state can be implemented in such a way that they do not affect the ontic states in the support of that state. In fact this assumption is violated in the Spekkens toy model (which captures many aspects of quantum theory and in which different pure states of the model have overlapping distributions over ontic states). This paper proves that ontic indifference must be violated in any model reproducing quantum theory in which the quantum state is not a real thing. The argument presented in this paper is different from that given in a recent paper by Pusey, Barrett, and Rudolph. It uses a different key assumption and it pertains to a single copy of the system in question.

Lucien Hardy

2012-05-07

41

Neuromodulation of Brain States  

PubMed Central

Switches between different behavioral states of the animal are associated with prominent changes in global brain activity, between sleep and wakefulness or from inattentive to vigilant states. What mechanisms control brain states, and what are the functions of the different states? Here we summarize current understanding of the key neural circuits involved in regulating brain states, with a particular emphasis on the subcortical neuromodulatory systems. At the functional level, arousal and attention can greatly enhance sensory processing, whereas sleep and quiet wakefulness may facilitate learning and memory. Several new techniques developed over the past decade promise great advances in our understanding of the neural control and function of different brain states. PMID:23040816

Lee, Seung-Hee; Dan, Yang

2013-01-01

42

State-Chart Autocoder  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program translates Unified Modeling Language (UML) representations of state charts into source code in the C, C++, and Python computing languages. ( State charts signifies graphical descriptions of states and state transitions of a spacecraft or other complex system.) The UML representations constituting the input to this program are generated by using a UML-compliant graphical design program to draw the state charts. The generated source code is consistent with the "quantum programming" approach, which is so named because it involves discrete states and state transitions that have features in common with states and state transitions in quantum mechanics. Quantum programming enables efficient implementation of state charts, suitable for real-time embedded flight software. In addition to source code, the autocoder program generates a graphical-user-interface (GUI) program that, in turn, generates a display of state transitions in response to events triggered by the user. The GUI program is wrapped around, and can be used to exercise the state-chart behavior of, the generated source code. Once the expected state-chart behavior is confirmed, the generated source code can be augmented with a software interface to the rest of the software with which the source code is required to interact.

Clark, Kenneth; Watney, Garth; Murray, Alexander; Benowitz, Edward

2007-01-01

43

The Welfare State vs. the Redistributive State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the principles of progressive taxation and the welfare state have come to be almost universally accepted, it would be a serious error to infer that American policy has ever embraced the idea of income redistribution. (Author)

Plattner, Marc F.

1979-01-01

44

Religious Education in United StatesState Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Using the experience of the United States and its experiment of banning religion in public schools, this essay explores the\\u000a impact of such separation on interreligious dialogue. The ramifications of such a split are highlighted and critiqued. The\\u000a author proposed that the United States, given its religious diversity and its commitment to schools, should be a leading participant\\u000a in discussion

Gabriel Moran

45

States.org  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

States.org, provided by the Federation of American Research Networks (FARNET), Electronic Commerce, Law, and Information Policy Strategies (ECLIPS--Ohio Supercomputer Center), Arizona State University, and the National Science Foundation, has a simple mandate: to "[provide] a single clearinghouse for tracking state information infrastructure strategies and activities." At the heart of the site is the state database, which allows users to query by state or by category in the broad areas of: government uses and regulation of the National Information Infrastructure and advanced telecommunications; relevant local and state projects related to electronic commerce, privacy, education, and other relevant subjects; and strategic plans for NII/advanced telecommunications. States.org is a valuable meta-resource for state and local government, researchers, and citizens.

1997-01-01

46

States of the US  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For this project, find three sources of information in the Media Center on the state you chose. Your sources can include books, encyclopedias, or atlases. We will also explore multi-media resources to add to your reports on the states. These sites include pictures, videos, books and movies containing information on Native Americans and Explorers, Statehood, Places to visit, Famous People from your state, and games with a connection to the state. Now that you have researched your state using the books in the library, look at some web sites and add some additional knowledge and fun to your project. Look for information on Native Americans and explorers connected with your state. 50 states + songs Yahooligans 50 states + site links Also check out places to visit and famous people in ...

Bhanks

2006-11-08

47

Finite-State Codes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

New class of codes with desirable properties constructed from block codes. Finite-state encoder is machine that has finite number of internal states. Receives k parallel information symbols and transmits n parallel code symbols at each clock pulse. Finite-state codes include both block and convolutional codes. Theory of finite-state codes used to study properties of error-correcting codes in general and to design new codes to various specifications.

Pollara, F.; Mceliece, R. J.; Abdel-Ghaffar, K.

1990-01-01

48

Ground State Quantum Computation  

E-print Network

We formulate a novel ground state quantum computation approach that requires no unitary evolution of qubits in time: the qubits are fixed in stationary states of the Hamiltonian. This formulation supplies a completely time-independent approach to realizing quantum computers. We give a concrete suggestion for a ground state quantum computer involving linked quantum dots.

Ari Mizel; M. W. Mitchell; Marvin L. Cohen

1999-08-11

49

The State in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much talk about African states lumps them together as 'failed,' 'weak,' or 'fragile'. Rather than focus on what specific African states are not, this course aims to identify what they are, how they operate, and how individuals acting on behalf of or in the name of the state negotiate varying degrees of legitimacy and authority with the populations they govern.

Mike McGovern

50

State Education Governance Structures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report addresses one aspect of education governance--state-level governance structures across states. This report explores in depth the formal relationships among those holding official positions in state education governance and how such relationships have changed over time. The information in this report is derived from three sources:…

McCarthy, Martha; And Others

51

Changing State Digital Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that state virtual or digital libraries are evolving into websites that are loaded with free resources, subscription databases, and instructional tools. In this article, the author explores these evolving libraries based on the following questions: (1) How user-friendly are the state digital libraries?; (2) How do state digital…

Pappas, Marjorie L.

2006-01-01

52

Democratizing the Administrative State  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholars have long questioned the political and constitutional legitimacy of the administrative state. By 1980, a majority of Supreme Court Justices seemed poised to hold that large portions of the administrative state are unconstitutional. In 1984, the Court retreated from that abyss and took a major step toward legitimating and democratizing the administrative state. It instructed lower courts to defer

Pierce Richard J. Jr

2006-01-01

53

Sustainability Cal State Fullerton  

E-print Network

Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Study Group October 28, 2008 #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Safety Sally Yassine Contracts & Procurement #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from

de Lijser, Peter

54

FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES  

E-print Network

FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

55

The overloaded state  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conditions that produced Israel's strong state and the implications of that state are not likely to be replicated elsewhere, exactly. However, Israel's case offers some general lessons that ought to be considered by advocates of a strong bureaucratic state, as suggested by the New Public Administration of the 1968 Min-nowbrook Conference. These include: poor management of public enterprises and

Ira Sharkansky

1997-01-01

56

Maximally Entangled States  

E-print Network

Every Maximally Entangled State (MES) of two d-dimensional particles is shown to be a product state of suitably chosen collective coordinates. The state may be viewed as de?fining a "point" in a "phase space" like d^2 array representing d^2 orthonormal Maximally Entangled States basis for the Hilbert space. A ?finite geometry view of MES is presented and its relation with the afore mentioned "phase space" is outlined: "straight lines" in the space depict product of single particle mutually unbiased basis (MUB) states, inverting thereby Schmidt's diagonalization scheme in giving a product single particle states as a d-terms sum of maximally entangled states. To assure self su?fficiency the essential mathematical results are summarized in the appendices.

M. Revzen

2014-04-28

57

Qutrit magic state distillation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magic state distillation (MSD) is a purification protocol that plays an important role in fault-tolerant quantum computation. Repeated iteration of the steps of an MSD protocol generates pure single non-stabilizer states, or magic states, from multiple copies of a mixed resource state using stabilizer operations only. Thus mixed resource states promote the stabilizer operations to full universality. MSD was introduced for qubit-based quantum computation, but little has been known concerning MSD in higher-dimensional qudit-based computation. Here, we describe a general approach for studying MSD in higher dimensions. We use it to investigate the features of a qutrit MSD protocol based on the five-qutrit stabilizer code. We show that this protocol distils non-stabilizer magic states, and identify two types of states that are attractors of this iteration map. Finally, we show how these states may be converted, via stabilizer circuits alone, into a state suitable for state-injected implementation of a non-Clifford phase gate, enabling non-Clifford unitary computation.

Anwar, Hussain; Campbell, Earl T.; Browne, Dan E.

2012-06-01

58

State Technologies Advancement Collaborative  

SciTech Connect

The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), and Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) signed an intergovernmental agreement on November 14, 2002, that allowed states and territories and the Federal Government to better collaborate on energy research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D) projects. The agreement established the State Technologies Advancement Collaborative (STAC) which allowed the states and DOE to move RDD&D forward using an innovative competitive project selection and funding process. A cooperative agreement between DOE and NASEO served as the contracting instrument for this innovative federal-state partnership obligating funds from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of Fossil Energy to plan, fund, and implement RDD&D projects that were consistent with the common priorities of the states and DOE. DOE's Golden Field Office provided Federal oversight and guidance for the STAC cooperative agreement. The STAC program was built on the foundation of prior Federal-State efforts to collaborate on and engage in joint planning for RDD&D. Although STAC builds on existing, successful programs, it is important to note that it was not intended to replace other successful joint DOE/State initiatives such as the State Energy Program or EERE Special Projects. Overall the STAC process was used to fund, through three competitive solicitations, 35 successful multi-state research, development, deployment, and demonstration projects with an overall average non-federal cost share of 43%. Twenty-two states were awarded at least one prime contract, and organizations in all 50 states and some territories were involved as subcontractors in at least one STAC project. Projects were funded in seven program areas: (1) Building Technologies, (2) Industrial Technologies, (3) Transportation Technologies, (4) Distributed Energy Resources, (5) Hydrogen Technology Learning Centers, (6) Fossil Energy, and (7) Rebuild America.

David S. Terry

2012-01-30

59

Quantum State Engineering Via Coherent-State Superpositions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The quantum interference between the two parts of the optical Schrodinger-cat state makes possible to construct a wide class of quantum states via discrete superpositions of coherent states. Even a small number of coherent states can approximate the given quantum states at a high accuracy when the distance between the coherent states is optimized, e. g. nearly perfect Fock state can be constructed by discrete superpositions of n + 1 coherent states lying in the vicinity of the vacuum state.

Janszky, Jozsef; Adam, P.; Szabo, S.; Domokos, P.

1996-01-01

60

The State of State Science Standards, 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines K-12 science standards for fifty states and the District of Columbia, as well as the science assessment framework of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The reviewers' aim is to evaluate them for their intrinsic clarity, completeness, and scientific correctness. Their earlier evaluations, as well as those…

Lerner, Lawrence S.; Goodenough, Ursula; Lynch, John; Schwartz, Martha; Schwartz, Richard

2012-01-01

61

Colorado State University Colorado State University  

E-print Network

other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of the States may respectively prescribe, in order to promote the liberal and practical education. The land-grant concept of a balanced program of teaching, research, extension, public service

Stephens, Graeme L.

62

Arkansas: The State of the State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a poor state such as Arkansas, progress is often a slow and painful process. Particularly in the area of teacher salaries, school funding plans are often thwarted by budget shortfalls. Court decisions and efforts to stabilize and equalize school funding and local property taxes have led to political battles over taxation. Constitutional…

Schoppmeyer, Martin W.

63

Maryland State Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Maryland State Archives, through a grant from the Information Technology Fund of the state of Maryland, is working to provide on-line access to over one million historical documents that form the constitutional, legal, legislative, and administrative basis of Maryland government." Included here are documents from the following sources: legislative records, state council, judicial records, executive records, council of safety, land records, laws, codes, compilations, military records, constitutional conventions, public officials, and early state records. Recent editions to the electronic archive include the Proceedings and Acts of the 1796 General Assembly and Proceedings and Debates of the 1850, 1864, and 1967 State Constitutional Conventions. The archives are searchable as a whole or by selected section with a number of different parameter options available. Scholars doing research into the state of Maryland or the history of the early American Republic's governance will want to avail themselves of this site.

64

Painlevé IV coherent states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple way to find solutions of the Painlevé IV equation is by identifying Hamiltonian systems with third-order differential ladder operators. Some of these systems can be obtained by applying supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) to the harmonic oscillator. In this work, we will construct families of coherent states for such subset of SUSY partner Hamiltonians which are connected with the Painlevé IV equation. First, these coherent states are built up as eigenstates of the annihilation operator, then as displaced versions of the extremal states, both involving the related third-order ladder operators, and finally as extremal states which are also displaced but now using the so called linearized ladder operators. To each SUSY partner Hamiltonian corresponds two families of coherent states: one inside the infinite subspace associated with the isospectral part of the spectrum and another one in the finite subspace generated by the states created through the SUSY technique.

Bermudez, David; Contreras-Astorga, Alonso; Fernández C., David J.

2014-11-01

65

Amplitude mediated chimera states  

E-print Network

We investigate the possibility of obtaining chimera state solutions of the non-local Complex Ginzburg-Landau Equation (NLCGLE) in the strong coupling limit when it is important to retain amplitude variations. Our numerical studies reveal the existence of a variety of amplitude mediated chimera states (including stationary and non-stationary two cluster chimera states), that display intermittent emergence and decay of amplitude dips in their phase incoherent regions. The existence regions of the single-cluster chimera state and both types of two cluster chimera states are mapped numerically in the parameter space of $C_1$ and $C_2$ the linear and nonlinear dispersion coefficients respectively of the NLCGLE. They represent a new domain of dynamical behaviour in the well explored rich phase diagram of this system. The amplitude mediated chimera states may find useful applications in understanding spatio-temporal patterns found in fluid flow experiments and other strongly coupled systems.

Gautam C Sethia; Abhijit Sen; George L. Johnston

2013-04-19

66

Prothrombotic States in migraine.  

PubMed

The increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in patients with migraine remains unexplained. Prothrombotic states are thought to contribute to this increased risk. The present study aimed to compare the prevalence of prothrombotic states in patients with migraine and headache-free controls. We conducted a case-control study to screen for prothrombotic states protein C, protein S (PS), antithrombin III, factor V Leiden, lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin, and anti-?2-glycoprotein 1 antibodies in 101 consecutive patients with migraine and 148 controls. An underlying prothrombotic state was encountered in 11.8% of the patients with migraine, PS deficiency being the most common (4.0%). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of prothrombotic states in patients with migraine compared to controls. Traditional prothrombotic states do not seem to have a higher prevalence in patients with migraine compared to controls. PMID:23637003

Rajan, Roopa; Ahluwalia, Jasmina; Lal, Vivek

2014-11-01

67

StateMaster.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, created by StateMaster.com, is a statistical database, which allows you to research and compare different data on US states. Information is compiled from various primary sources, such as the US Census Bureau, the FBI, and the National Center for Educational Statistics. The site also provides pie charts, maps, graphs and scatter plots. There are also map and flag images, state profiles, and correlations.

2009-03-05

68

New squeezed landau states  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We introduce a new set of squeezed states through the coupled two-mode squeezed operator. It is shown that their behavior is simpler than the correlated coherent states introduced by Dodonov, Kurmyshev, and Man'ko in order to quantum mechanically describe the Landau system, i.e., a planar charged particle in a uniform magnetic field. We compare results for both sets of squeezed states.

Aragone, C.

1993-01-01

69

Tricomi Coherent States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We construct explicit families of coherent states whose parametrization permits an arbitrarily small deviation from conventional coherent states. They possess the resolution of unity with a positive weight function given as the solution of a Stieltjes power-moment problem, with moments analytically expressible through Tricomi's confluent hypergeometric function. These states are in general squeezed, can be either sub- or super-Poissonian in nature, and induce a deformation of the metric of the complex plane.

Sixdeniers, J.-M.; Penson, K. A.; Klauder, J. R.

70

Programmable Quantum State Transfer  

E-print Network

A programmable quantum networks model is used in this paper for development of methods of control of a quantum state transport. These methods may be applied for a wide variety of patterns of controlled state transmission and spreading in quantum systems. The programmable perfect state transfer and quantum walk, mobile quantum (ro)bots and lattice gas automata may be described by unified way with such approach.

Alexander Yu. Vlasov

2007-08-01

71

State Energy Data System  

EIA Publications

The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) source for comprehensive state energy statistics. Included are estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Production and consumption estimates begin with the year 1960 while price and expenditure estimates begin with 1970. The multidimensional completeness of SEDS allows users to make comparisons across states, energy sources, sectors, and over time.

2013-01-01

72

Sleep State Switching  

PubMed Central

We take for granted the ability to fall asleep or to snap out of sleep into wakefulness, but these changes in behavioral state require specific switching mechanisms in the brain that allow well-defined state transitions. In this review, we examine the basic circuitry underlying the regulation of sleep and wakefulness, and discuss a theoretical framework wherein the interactions between reciprocal neuronal circuits enable relatively rapid and complete state transitions. We also review how homeostatic, circadian, and allostatic drives help regulate sleep state switching, and discuss how breakdown of the switching mechanism may contribute to sleep disorders such as narcolepsy. PMID:21172606

Saper, Clifford B.; Fuller, Patrick M.; Pedersen, Nigel P.; Lu, Jun; Scammell, Thomas E.

2010-01-01

73

Small Business State Profiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Office of Advocacy of the US Small Business Administration (discussed in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics) profiles small businesses in all states for 1995-1997 and small businesses in the entire US for 1997 at this site. The profiles are snapshot views that include such topics as the number of businesses, income, minority businesses, turnover, finance, job growth, and industries. As such, they can help users quickly and easily gauge the state of small business in a state, a region, or the United States as a whole.

Research., United S.

1995-01-01

74

Iowa State University Engineering  

E-print Network

1 Iowa State University Engineering Student Clubs Engineering Student CouncilIowa State University #12;2 AirISU Pg. 4 Alpha Pi Mu Industrial Engineering Honor Society (APM) Pg. 4 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Pg. 5 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) Pg

Lin, Zhiqun

75

Matter: States of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation is showing the motion of molecules in three states of matter; ice crystals, liquid water, and boiling water/steam. Users can "zoom in" to "view" water's molecular arrangement and motion in each state. The resource includes descriptive text to support the animations.

Carpi, Anthony

76

Controllability Positive state control  

E-print Network

Controllability Positive state control Geometric control and quantitative genetics Mathematical of Exeter, UK March 21, 2014 Stuart Townley Math Biol ­ Future topics 1/ 46 #12;Controllability Positive state control Geometric control and quantitative genetics Overview of week Lecture 1: Mathematical

Knobloch,Jürgen

77

United States Department of  

E-print Network

, and the United States. For example, Finland utilizes the cogeneration of heat and power and biofuels moreUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northern Research Station General Technical of the domestic wood fuel resource in Sweden (Bohlin and Roos 2002). The U.S. pulp and paper industry utilizes

78

Reinforcement Learning State Estimator  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we propose a novel use of reinforcement learning for estimating hidden variables and parameters of nonlinear dynamical systems. A critical issue in hidden-state estimation is that we cannot directly observe estimation errors. However, by defining errors of observable variables as a delayed penalty, we can apply a reinforcement learning frame-work to state estimation problems. Specifically, we derive

Jun Morimoto; Kenji Doya

2007-01-01

79

Education and Fragile States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the fragile states agendas and policies of development agencies and organisations education is of concern; education is a social service sector in which the impacts of state fragility are significant, in terms of access and quality of provision for children, working conditions and support for teachers, good governance and legitimacy for the…

Kirk, Jackie

2007-01-01

80

States of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students act as chemical engineers and use LEGO® MINDSTORMS® NXT robotics to record temperatures and learn about the three states of matter. Properties of matter can be measured in various ways, including volume, mass, density and temperature. Students measure the temperature of water in its solid state (ice) as it is melted and then evaporated.

AMPS GK-12 Program,

81

New generalized coherent states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We construct a new family of boson coherent states using a specially designed function which is a solution of a functional equation d?(q,x)/dx=?(q,qx) with 0?q?1 and ?(q,0)=1. We use this function in place of the usual exponential to generate new coherent states |q,z> from the vacuum, which are normalized and continuous in their label z. These states allow the resolution of unity, and a corresponding weight function is furnished by the exact solution of the associated Stieltjes moment problem. They also permit exact evaluation of matrix elements of an arbitrary polynomial given as a normally-ordered function of boson operators. We exemplify this by showing that the photon number statistics for these states is sub-Poissonian. For any q<1 the states |q,z> are squeezed; we obtain and discuss their signal to quantum noise ratio. The function ?(q,x) allows a natural generation of multiboson coherent states of arbitrary multiplicity, which is impossible for the usual coherent states. For q=1 all the above results reduce to those for conventional coherent states. Finally, we establish a link with q-deformed bosons.

Penson, K. A.; Solomon, A. I.

1999-05-01

82

Healthcare. State Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report projects education requirements linked to forecasted job growth in healthcare by state and the District of Columbia from 2010 through 2020. It complements a larger national report which projects educational demand for healthcare for the same time period. The national report shows that with or without Obamacare, the United States will…

Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

2012-01-01

83

Solid State Division  

SciTech Connect

This report contains brief discussions on work done in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The topics covered are: Theoretical Solid State Physics; Neutron scattering; Physical properties of materials; The synthesis and characterization of materials; Ion beam and laser processing; and Structure of solids and surfaces. (LSP)

Green, P.H.; Watson, D.M. (eds.)

1989-08-01

84

MEASURING STATE POLITICAL IDEOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of American politics at the state level has, in recent years, been held back by the lack of sufficient data to operationalize key concepts. In this article we assess survey, policy, and roll-call measures that may be used to operationalize one such concept, state political ideology. Each of these measures performed well on reliability and validity tests. However,

THOMAS M. HOLBROOK-PROVOW; STEVEN C. POE

1987-01-01

85

Centennial State Libraries, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of 12 consecutive issues of the monthly "Centennial State Libraries" newsletter, of the Colorado Department of Education, State Library and Adult Education Office. The issues cover the year 1998. Each issue of the newsletter--except the August issue which is an Annual Report--includes some or all of the following sections:…

Parent, Kathleen D., Ed.

1998-01-01

86

Kent State Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kent State University (Kent, Ohio), through recent State grants, is able to provide increased services to its nearly 800 physically disabled students. Their program includes transportation assistance, architectural improvements, tape service for the blind, a course on sexuality for the physically impaired, student volunteers, and athletic…

Downing, Kate

1975-01-01

87

Environmental State University  

E-print Network

Plant Genetics Horticulture Soil Science Organic Practices Medicinal Plants Reclamation MolecularPlant and Environmental Sciences New Mexico State University New Mexico State University is a journey. Let us help you set the right course. --Eric Votava '00 Senior Plant Breeder Pybas Vegetable Seed

88

CST: C state transformers  

Microsoft Academic Search

C State transformers (CST) is an expression ori- ented dialect of C designed to smoothly integrate functional programming into C based software. C State Transformers is an attempt to do for functional programming what C++ did for object oriented pro- gramming. It provides support for functional pro- gramming with a C like syntax.

John D. Ramsdell

1995-01-01

89

Dissociative state and competence.  

PubMed

This report presents the results of forensic evaluation of the civil competence of a case of alleged dissociative identity disorder (DID) and discusses whether such dissociative states substantially jeopardize civil competence. A 40-year-old woman claimed that she had had many personalities since her college days. From the age of 37 to 40, she shopped excessively, which left her with millions of dollars of debt. She ascribed her shopping to a certain identity state, over which she had no control. (In this article, we use the term identity state to replace personality as an objective description of a mental state.) She thus raised the petition of civil incompetence. During the forensic evaluation, it was found that the identity states were relatively stable and mutually aware of each other. The switch into another identity state was sometimes under voluntary control. The subject showed consistency and continuity in behavioral patterns across the different identity states, and no matter which identity state she was in, there was no evidence of impairment in her factual knowledge of social situations and her capacity for managing personal affairs. We hence concluded that she was civilly competent despite the claimed DID. Considering that the existence and diagnosis of DID are still under dispute and a diagnosis of DID alone is not sufficient to interdict a persons civil right, important clinical and forensic issues remain to be answered. PMID:17964970

Lin, Yu-Ju; Hsieh, Ming-Hsien; Liu, Shi-Kai

2007-10-01

90

Church and State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Church and state is discussed in four articles: "Recent Threats to Religious Liberty" (Dean M. Kelley, pp.16-22); "Municipal Church-State Litigation and the Issue of Standing" (Kenneth S. Saladin, pp. 23-25); "Prayer in Public Schools: The Court's Decisions" (Leo Pfeffer, pp. 26-29); and "Religion and Public Education: The American Context" (Peggy…

National Forum: Phi Kappa Phi Journal, 1988

1988-01-01

91

The state of offshore  

SciTech Connect

In this book, the author explains the factors behind state involvement in offshore petroleum activities. From his analysis of government workings in Great Britain and Norway, he concludes that state intervention is determined by complex interactions among government officials, economic interests, and environmental pressures.

Nelson, B.F.

1991-01-01

92

Threshold Bound States  

E-print Network

Relationships between the coupling constant and the binding energy of threshold bound states are obtained in a simple manner from an iterative algorithm for solving the eigenvalue problem. The absence of threshold bound states in higher dimensions can be easily understood.

W. A. Berger; H. G. Miller; D. Waxman

2007-02-08

93

FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES  

E-print Network

FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1974 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 68 Prepared by Data Management;PREFACE This report contains a review of U . S. commercial fishery statistics for the calendar year 1974 statistical surveys covering the fisheries of the United States were made by the National Marine Fisheries

94

State Health Facts Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, State Health Facts discloses important health and health policy information for all fifty states and US territories. Data are divided into ten categories -- demographics and the economy, health status, health coverage and uninsured, medicaid and CHIP, medicare, health costs and budgets, managed care and health insurance, providers and service use, women's health, minority health, and HIV/ AIDS -- and are displayed as tables, rankings, graphs, or color-coded maps. Users may access individual state profiles and then compare them to other states, or the US as a whole. Also available is a complete list of all the categories, subcategories, and topics that are available on the State Health Facts Online site; links to over 40 Kaiser Family Foundation reports and related resources; a glossary; methodology; and contact information.

2002-01-01

95

Rich state, poor state, red state, blue state: what’s the matter with Connecticut  

E-print Network

For decades, the Democrats have been viewed as the party of the poor, with the Republicans representing the rich. Recent presidential elections, however, have shown a reverse pattern, with Democrats performing well in the richer blue states in the northeast and coasts, and Republicans dominating in the red states in the middle of the country and the south. Through multilevel modeling of individuallevel survey data and county- and state-level demographic and electoral data, we reconcile these patterns. Furthermore, we find that income matters more in red America than in blue America. In poor states, rich people are much more likely than poor people to vote for the Republican presidential candidate, but in rich states (such as Connecticut), income has a very low correlation with vote preference.

Andrew Gelman; Boris Shor; Joseph Bafumi; David Park

2005-01-01

96

Quantum state targeting  

E-print Network

We introduce a new primitive for quantum communication that we term "state targeting" wherein the goal is to pass a test for a target state even though the system upon which the test is performed is submitted prior to learning the target state's identity. Success in state targeting can be described as having some control over the outcome of the test. We show that increasing one's control above a minimum amount implies an unavoidable increase in the probability of failing the test. This is analogous to the unavoidable disturbance to a quantum state that results from gaining information about its identity, and can be shown to be a purely quantum effect. We provide some applications of the results to the security analysis of cryptographic tasks implemented between remote antagonistic parties. Although we focus on weak coin flipping, the results are significant for other two-party protocols, such as strong coin flipping, partially binding and concealing bit commitment, and bit escrow. Furthermore, the results have significance not only for the traditional notion of security in cryptography, that of restricting a cheater's ability to bias the outcome of the protocol, but also on a novel notion of security that arises only in the quantum context, that of cheat-sensitivity. Finally, our analysis of state targeting leads to some interesting secondary results, for instance, a generalization of Uhlmann's theorem and an operational interpretation of the fidelity between two mixed states.

Terry Rudolph; Robert W. Spekkens

2003-10-09

97

Distribution system state estimation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the development of automation in distribution systems, distribution SCADA and many other automated meters have been installed on distribution systems. Also Distribution Management System (DMS) have been further developed and more sophisticated. It is possible and useful to apply state estimation techniques to distribution systems. However, distribution systems have many features that are different from the transmission systems. Thus, the state estimation technology used in the transmission systems can not be directly used in the distribution systems. This project's goal was to develop a state estimation algorithm suitable for distribution systems. Because of the limited number of real-time measurements in the distribution systems, the state estimator can not acquire enough real-time measurements for convergence, so pseudo-measurements are necessary for a distribution system state estimator. A load estimation procedure is proposed which can provide estimates of real-time customer load profiles, which can be treated as the pseudo-measurements for state estimator. The algorithm utilizes a newly installed AMR system to calculate more accurate load estimations. A branch-current-based three-phase state estimation algorithm is developed and tested. This method chooses the magnitude and phase angle of the branch current as the state variable, and thus makes the formulation of the Jacobian matrix less complicated. The algorithm decouples the three phases, which is computationally efficient. Additionally, the algorithm is less sensitive to the line parameters than the node-voltage-based algorithms. The algorithm has been tested on three IEEE radial test feeders, both the accuracy and the convergence speed. Due to economical constraints, the number of real-time measurements that can be installed on the distribution systems is limited. So it is important to decide what kinds of measurement devices to install and where to install them. Some rules of meter placement based on this state estimation algorithm are proposed and tested. These rules can improve the accuracy of the estimation results.

Wang, Haibin

98

State Data Map  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This application uses percentages to shade in a map of the United States. It displays ten different data sets and their proportional relationships across the nation and offers an option to generate random numbers. Each state is represented by its number value in the data set and then shaded based on its percentage of the greatest value. A box and whisker plot is provided as well as mean, median, lower quartile, and upper quartile. This application is used in a related resource that is cataloged separately, "State Data (Illuminations)".

2012-01-01

99

State of the Beach  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This annual Surfrider Foundation report surveys the state of the beaches in coastal and Great Lakes states that are home to Foundation chapters. Each state is rated based on the availability of information and status of eight indicators, including beach access, Website access, surf zone water quality, and beach erosion, among others. The report is written from the perspective of a "concerned local citizen" and aimed at "the people who use and care most about this precious resource." The online report contains six sections, including an executive summary, an explanation of the indicators, conclusions, and recommendations.

2000-01-01

100

State Data (Illuminations)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson plan students use various types of visual representation to compare data about the number of letters in the name of each state; students create bar graphs from which they find the Mean, Median, Mode, and Range of their data set (10 states only). These data landmarks and visual representations are used to compare their data with their classmates. The lesson plan includes a grid paper document for creating the bar graph and a link to an applet for a State Data Map (cataloged separately).

Burton, Grace M.

2012-01-01

101

1 Louisiana State University Louisiana State  

E-print Network

.3 2 16.7 7 3.9 33 5.5 11 Black or African American 36 10.9 51 19.2 87 14.9 0 0 25 14 87 14.6 26 Asian-578-8491 Website: www.law.lsu.edu Baton Rouge, LA 70803 Louisiana State University - 2013 Standard 509 Information 41 23 139 23.3 51 Two or more races 4 1.2 2 0.8 6 1 0 0 3 1.7 6 1 4 Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific

Harms, Kyle E.

102

Solid State Power Transformer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Apparatus for providing the voltage transformation functions of a conventional electrical power transformer. An AC input signal is chopped in a solid state switching converter at a frequency very much larger than the frequency of the input signal and then...

J. L. Brooks, R. I. Staab, J. C. Bowers, H. A. Nienhaus

1980-01-01

103

Multipartite secure state distribution  

SciTech Connect

We introduce the distribution of a secret multipartite entangled state in a real-world scenario as a quantum primitive. We show that in the presence of noisy quantum channels (and noisy control operations), any state chosen from the set of two-colorable graph states (Calderbank-Shor-Steane codewords) can be created with high fidelity while it remains unknown to all parties. This is accomplished by either blind multipartite entanglement purification, which we introduce in this paper, or by multipartite entanglement purification of enlarged states, which offers advantages over an alternative scheme based on standard channel purification and teleportation. The parties are thus provided with a secret resource of their choice for distributed secure applications.

Duer, W.; Briegel, H.-J. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Institut fuer Quantenoptik und Quanteninformation der Oesterreichischen, Akademie der Wissenschaften, Innsbruck (Austria); Calsamiglia, J. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

2005-04-01

104

United States Department of  

E-print Network

J. Baumflek Marla R. Emery Clare Ginger #12;Visit our homepage at: http Ginger is an associate professor in the Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources Clare Ginger University of Vermont Research funded by the Northeastern States Research Cooperative

105

State Nuclear Profiles  

EIA Publications

Presents a summary of current and recent historical data for the nuclear power industry. The data focuses on net summer capacity and net generation for each state, as well as plant specific information for 2010.

2012-01-01

106

Florida State Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The modern Florida State Parks system was created in 1935, and their programs include parks all the way from the St. Augustine area to the Keys. Their homepage brings together cultural, historical, and scientific materials related to the various sites in the state system. The website includes information on each park, along with interactive features on African American sites in the state and notable battlegrounds. Along the top of the page, visitors can use sections such as "Find a Park" and "Stay the Night" to plan their journey through the state. Each park entry also contains information about the site's history, along with detailed information about ranger programs, special music events, and so on. Finally, visitors can stay in touch via Twitter and other social media.

107

Ground State Spin Logic  

E-print Network

Designing and optimizing cost functions and energy landscapes is a problem encountered in many fields of science and engineering. These landscapes and cost functions can be embedded and annealed in experimentally controllable spin Hamiltonians. Using an approach based on group theory and symmetries, we examine the embedding of Boolean logic gates into the ground state subspace of such spin systems. We describe parameterized families of diagonal Hamiltonians and symmetry operations which preserve the ground state subspace encoding the truth tables of Boolean formulas. The ground state embeddings of adder circuits are used to illustrate how gates are combined and simplified using symmetry. Our work is relevant for experimental demonstrations of ground state embeddings found in both classical optimization as well as adiabatic quantum optimization.

J. D. Whitfield; M. Faccin; J. D. Biamonte

2012-05-08

108

State Air Quality Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents in tabular form the air quality standards for sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, photochemicals, non-methane hydrocarbons and particulates for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. (CS)

Pollution Engineering, 1978

1978-01-01

109

Topological Photonic States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As exotic phenomena in optics, topological states in photonic crystals have drawn much attention due to their fundamental significance and great potential applications. Because of the broken time-reversal symmetry under the influence of an external magnetic field, the photonic crystals composed of magneto-optical materials will lead to the degeneracy lifting and show particular topological characters of energy bands. The upper and lower bulk bands have nonzero integer topological numbers. The gapless edge states can be realized to connect two bulk states. This topological photonic states originated from the topological property can be analogous to the integer quantum Hall effect in an electronic system. The gapless edge state only possesses a single sign of gradient in the whole Brillouin zone, and thus the group velocity is only in one direction leading to the one-way energy flow, which is robust to disorder and impurity due to the nontrivial topological nature of the corresponding electromagnetic states. Furthermore, this one-way edge state would cross the Brillouin center with nonzero group velocity, where the negative-zero-positive phase velocity can be used to realize some interesting phenomena such as tunneling and backward phase propagation. On the other hand, under the protection of time-reversal symmetry, a pair of gapless edge states can also be constructed by using magnetic-electric coupling meta-materials, exhibiting Fermion-like spin helix topological edge states, which can be regarded as an optical counterpart of topological insulator originating from the spin-orbit coupling. The aim of this article is to have a comprehensive review of recent research literatures published in this emerging field of photonic topological phenomena. Photonic topological states and their related phenomena are presented and analyzed, including the chiral edge states, polarization dependent transportation, unidirectional waveguide and nonreciprocal optical transmission, all of which might lead to novel applications such as one-way splitter, optical isolator and delay line. In addition, the possible prospect and development of related topics are also discussed.

He, Cheng; Lin, Liang; Sun, Xiao-Chen; Liu, Xiao-Ping; Lu, Ming-Hui; Chen, Yan-Feng

2014-01-01

110

Abstract State Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Process-algebraic languages offer a rich set of structuring techniques and concurrencypa tterns which allow one to decompose\\u000a complex systems into concurrently interacting simpler component processes. Theyab stract however almost entirely from a notion\\u000a of system state. The method of Abstract State Machines (ASMs) offers powerful abstraction and refinement techniques for specifying\\u000a system dynamics based upon a most general notion of

Tommaso Bolognesi; Egon Börger

2003-01-01

111

Volunteering and the state  

Microsoft Academic Search

Volunteering participation rates vary greatly across countries even when the potential volunteers’ individual characteristics\\u000a are controlled. We therefore analyze the volunteers’ motives against the backdrop of the predominant political and economic\\u000a environment in different countries, focusing on the state’s role in influencing an individual’s decision to volunteer. Combining\\u000a individual-level data from the European and World Values Survey with macroeconomic and

Franz Hackl; Martin Halla; Gerald J. Pruckner

2009-01-01

112

State Environmental Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides information on Wisconsin environmental policies and assembles information and tools to help legislators make decisions on environmental issues. The State Environmental Resource Center identifies effective state policies as well as exposing anti-environmental legislative trends. Included in this site are sample bills, press clips, fact sheets, research, and other background information on a large assortment of environmental issues such as clean energy, urban issues, saving wildlands, safe air and water, children's health, land and water use, and environmental citizenship.

Wildlife, Defenders O.; The State Environmental Resource Center (SERC)

113

Two-Photon Spin States and Entanglement States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we have given the spin states of two-photon, which are expressed by the quadratic combination of two single-photon spin states, and given all entanglement states of two-photon from the spin states of two-photon. The new expression of two-photon entanglement states should be used in quantum computation and quantum communication.

Liu, Xiao-Jing; Wu, Xiang-Yao; Lu, Jing-Bin; Zhang, Si-Qi; Li, Hong; Ma, Ji; Chen, Wan-Jin; Wang, Guang-Huai; Yuan, Hong-Chun; Li, Heng-Mei; Gao, Hai-Xin; Li, Jing-Wu

2014-11-01

114

Superpowers and client states  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the world the two superpowers often conduct their global conflict by proxy, taking different sides in regional disputes. An important question of international relations is where the balance of power lies in the superpower client state relationship-how far are the interests of the superpower subordinated to those of the client state or vice versa. Taking the two case studies of the US-Israel relationship and the Soviet-Syrian relationship, this book explores the perceptions by each side of the relationship and the reality. It goes on to make general conclusions about superpower-client state relationships. Contents: Introduction; In Search of a Theoretical Framework; Client-States in Superpower Perception; Superpowers in Client States' Perception; The Case of US-Israel Relations; Israel in US Perspective; The USA in Israeli Perspective; Flows of US Civilian and Military Resources to Israel; The Case of Soviet-Syrian Relations; Syria in Soviet Perspective; The USSR in Syrian Perspective; Flows of Soviet Civilian and Military Resources to Syria; Comparative Analysis and Conclusions; Overview of the two cases studies and conclusions.

Efrat, M.; Bercovitch, J.

1987-01-01

115

Maryland State Data Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1978, the US Census established a cooperative program with the 50 states to "make census information available locally through a network of State agencies, universities, libraries, and regional and local governments." As part of this effort, the Maryland Department of Planning, in cooperation with the State Library Resource Center (Enoch Pratt) and the University of Maryland's Computer Science Center, has produced an excellent Website posting up-to-date and archival data on the demographics of Maryland. "Sample profiles of 1990 census data, historic trends and forecasts are available here for Maryland, its six planning regions and jurisdictions" with charts highlighting key items from the profiles. Projections from this data include population, race, age, households, labor force, jobs, income, and school enrollment. Recent posts to the Website provide data on socioeconomic profiles of Maryland residents, foreign immigration to Maryland from 1992-1998, household median and mean income estimates, new school enrollment projections, and IRS-monitored state-to-state migration. Documents are posted in HTML, with some also available in .pdf format for printing.

116

Report on State Virtual Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly all Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) states have a state-sponsored virtual school, and the remaining states are either planning or beginning initial implementation. Just 12 years ago, none of the 50 states used the Web to provide courses to middle grades or high school students. By 2000, several SREB states, including Florida,…

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2007

2007-01-01

117

Receding horizon recursive state estimation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes a receding horizon discrete-time state observer using the deterministic least squares framework. The state estimation horizon, which determines the number of past measurement samples used to reconstruct the state vector, is introduced as a tuning parameter for the proposed state observer. A stability result concerning the choice of the state estimation horizon is established. It is also shown that

K. V. Ling; K. W. Lim

1999-01-01

118

See Your State From Space!  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Each of the 50 States in the United States is beautiful in its own way. That beauty can be seen from a unique perspective using satellite images taken from high above the Earth. These State images were created from multiple satellite images stitched together into one seamless image for each State. Names of major cities, administrative boundaries, and State flags have been added.

2008-01-01

119

Sequence invariant state machines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A synthesis method and new VLSI architecture are introduced to realize sequential circuits that have the ability to implement any state machine having N states and m inputs, regardless of the actual sequence specified in the flow table. A design method is proposed that utilizes BTS logic to implement regular and dense circuits. A given state sequence can be programmed with power supply connections or dynamically reallocated if stored in a register. Arbitrary flow table sequences can be modified or programmed to dynamically alter the function of the machine. This allows VLSI controllers to be designed with the programmability of a general purpose processor but with the compact size and performance of dedicated logic.

Whitaker, S.; Manjunath, S.

1990-01-01

120

Information Equation of State  

E-print Network

Landauer's principle is applied to information in the universe. Once stars began forming, the increasing proportion of matter at high stellar temperatures compensated for the expanding universe to provide a near constant information energy density. The information equation of state was close to the dark energy value, w = -1, for a wide range of redshifts, 10> z >0.8, over one half of cosmic time. A reasonable universe information bit content of only 10^87 bits is sufficient for information energy to account for all dark energy. A time varying equation of state with a direct link between dark energy and matter, and linked to star formation in particular, is clearly relevant to the cosmic coincidence problem.In answering the "Why now?" question we wonder "What next?" as we expect the information equation of state to tend towards w = 0 in the future.

Paul Gough

2007-09-05

121

California State Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Those persons with an interest in the history and government of the Golden State will love the California State Archives, which were originally chartered to receive "ââ¾all public records, registered maps, books, papers, rolls, documents and other writingsââ¾which appertain to or are in any way connected with the political history and past administration of the government of California." On the site, visitors can learn about the local government records program, look over state government oral histories, or consider the particulars of the graduate internship program. In the Collections area, visitors can examine past iterations of California's constitution, take a look at select pieces of legislation, and browse Spanish and Mexican land grants. Finally, visitors can look through the fascinating working papers of the 1878-1879 Constitutional Convention, the site's first formal digitized collection.

2012-01-01

122

Parametric State Space Structuring  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Structured approaches based on Kronecker operators for the description and solution of the infinitesimal generator of a continuous-time Markov chains are receiving increasing interest. However, their main advantage, a substantial reduction in the memory requirements during the numerical solution, comes at a price. Methods based on the "potential state space" allocate a probability vector that might be much larger than actually needed. Methods based on the "actual state space", instead, have an additional logarithmic overhead. We present an approach that realizes the advantages of both methods with none of their disadvantages, by partitioning the local state spaces of each submodel. We apply our results to a model of software rendezvous, and show how they reduce memory requirements while, at the same time, improving the efficiency of the computation.

Ciardo, Gianfranco; Tilgner, Marco

1997-01-01

123

The plasma state  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This segment of a tutorial about plasma--the main state of matter in space--deals with what plasma is and how it is formed. Background information on electric and magnetic fields is also included because plasmas interact with these fields. Enlargeable graphics and an interactive game about the four states of matter complement the segment's four pages of text. In the game, students direct falling objects, such as rocks, lightning, and gasoline, into the appropriate state-of-matter slot. The segment also explains why plasma is so rare on Earth and so abundant in space. A concluding vignette explores Hannes Alfven's ongoing influence on space physics. Alfven was a twentieth-century Nobel laureate. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Institute, Space S.

2005-01-01

124

Renormalizing an initial state  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intricate machinery of perturbative quantum field theory has largely been devoted to the `dynamical' side of the theory: simple states are evolved in complicated ways. This article begins to address this lopsided treatment. Although it is rarely possible to solve for the eigenstates of an interacting theory exactly, a general state and its evolution can nonetheless be constructed perturbatively in terms of the propagators and structures defined with respect to the free theory. The detailed form of the initial state in this picture is fixed by imposing suitable `renormalization conditions' on the Green's functions. This technique is illustrated with an example drawn from inflation, where the presence of nonrenormalizable operators and where an expansion that naturally couples early times with short distances make the ability to start the theory at a finite initial time especially desirable.

Collins, Hael; Holman, R.; Vardanyan, Tereza

2014-10-01

125

State summaries: Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

According to the Colorado Geological Survey (CGS), Colorado's mining industry enjoyed a record-breaking year in 2005. For the whole year, the total value of nonfuel minerals, coal and uranium produced in the state in 2005 amounted to $2.4 billion. The production value of $1.52 billion in the nonfuel sector broke the previous record of $1.3 billion set in 1980, and is 60% higher than the revised 2004 CGS estimate of $950.5 million. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) ranked Colorado ninth among the states in nonfuel mineral value, up from 17th in 2004. About $1 billion of the nonfuel total is from metal mining. New record-high productions were achieved not only for molybdenum but also for coal and goal.

Keller, J.; Carroll, C.; Widmann, B.

2006-01-01

126

Subsystem pseudopure states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A critical step in experimental quantum information processing (QIP) is to implement control of quantum systems protected against decoherence via informational encodings, such as quantum error-correcting codes, noiseless subsystems, and decoherence-free subspaces. These encodings lead to the promise of fault-tolerant QIP, but they come at the expense of resource overheads. Part of the challenge in studying control over multiple logical qubits is that QIP testbeds have not had sufficient resources to analyze encodings beyond the simplest ones. The most relevant resources are the number of available qubits and the cost to initialize and control them. Here we demonstrate an encoding of logical information that permits control over multiple logical qubits without full initialization, an issue that is particularly challenging in liquid-state NMR. The method of subsystem pseudopure states will allow the study of decoherence control schemes on up to six logical qubits using liquid-state NMR implementations.

Cappellaro, P.; Hodges, J. S.; Havel, T. F.; Cory, D. G.

2007-04-01

127

Renormalizing an initial state  

E-print Network

The intricate machinery of perturbative quantum field theory has largely been devoted to the 'dynamical' side of the theory: simple states are evolved in complicated ways. This article begins to address this lopsided treatment. Although it is rarely possible to solve for the eigenstates of an interacting theory exactly, a general state and its evolution can nonetheless be constructed perturbatively in terms of the propagators and structures defined with respect to the free theory. The detailed form of the initial state in this picture is fixed by imposing suitable `renormalization conditions' on the Green's functions. This technique is illustrated with an example drawn from inflation, where the presence of nonrenormalizable operators and where an expansion that naturally couples early times with short distances make the ability to start the theory at a finite initial time especially desirable.

Collins, Hael; Vardanyan, Tereza

2014-01-01

128

Finite-state codes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A class of codes called finite-state (FS) codes is defined and investigated. The codes, which generalize both block and convolutional codes, are defined by their encoders, which are finite-state machines with parallel inputs and outputs. A family of upper bounds on the free distance of a given FS code is derived. A general construction for FS codes is given, and it is shown that in many cases the FS codes constructed in this way have a free distance that is the largest possible. Catastrophic error propagation (CEP) for FS codes is also discussed. It is found that to avoid CEP one must solve the graph-theoretic problem of finding a uniquely decodable edge labeling of the state diagram.

Pollara, Fabrizio; Mceliece, Robert J.; Abdel-Ghaffar, Khaled

1988-01-01

129

State Sums and Geometry  

E-print Network

In this thesis I review the definition of topological quantum field theories through state sums on triangulated manifolds. I describe the construction of state sum invariants of 3-manifolds from a graphical calculus and show how to evaluate the invariants as boundary amplitudes. I review how to define such a graphical calculus through SU(2) representation theory. I then review various geometricity results for the representation theory of SU(2), Spin(4) and SL(2,C), and define coherent boundary manifolds for state sums based on these representations. I derive the asymptotic geometry of the SU(2) based Ponzano-Regge invariant in three dimensions, and the SU(2) based Ooguri models amplitude in four dimensions. As a corollary to the latter results I derive the asymptotic behaviour of various recently proposed spin foam models motivated from the Plebanski formulation of general relativity. Finally the asymptotic geometry of the SL(2,C) based model is derived.

Frank Hellmann

2011-02-08

130

Renormalizing an initial state  

E-print Network

The intricate machinery of perturbative quantum field theory has largely been devoted to the 'dynamical' side of the theory: simple states are evolved in complicated ways. This article begins to address this lopsided treatment. Although it is rarely possible to solve for the eigenstates of an interacting theory exactly, a general state and its evolution can nonetheless be constructed perturbatively in terms of the propagators and structures defined with respect to the free theory. The detailed form of the initial state in this picture is fixed by imposing suitable `renormalization conditions' on the Green's functions. This technique is illustrated with an example drawn from inflation, where the presence of nonrenormalizable operators and where an expansion that naturally couples early times with short distances make the ability to start the theory at a finite initial time especially desirable.

Hael Collins; R. Holman; Tereza Vardanyan

2014-08-20

131

Vatican City State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On February 11, 1929 the Vatican City State was inaugurated with the signing of the Lateran Accords. With its motto, "A small territory with a great mission", the State is celebrating its 80th anniversary with a number of celebrations this year. This very fine site brings together a veritable cornucopia of information about the Vatican City State, including information about its governance structure, monuments, and philatelic culture. Visitors can start their journey by looking at webcams that provide a top-notch view of St. Peter's Square and the Governorate Palace. Moving on, visitors can also click on the "History" section to learn about the long history of the Vatican, and how the term has been used over the millennia. Visitors can also listen in to Vatican Radio, and check up on official news releases from the Vatican Information Service.

132

7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

2013-01-01

133

7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

2012-01-01

134

7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.  

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

2014-01-01

135

7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

2011-01-01

136

7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

2010-01-01

137

Quantum state discrimination with bosonic channels and Gaussian states  

E-print Network

Discriminating between quantum states is an indispensable part of quantum information theory. This thesis investigates state discrimination of continuous quantum variables, focusing on bosonic communication channels and ...

Tan, Si Hui, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01

138

State Personal Income Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial and Statistical Data Center at the University of Virginia offers a database of state personal income from 1958 to 1997. The database may be searched by ten fields including US state, personal income by major source and earnings by industry, wage and salary disbursements by industry and by year, and regional economic profiles. Users can select from a pick list of options for each field, and the accompanying helpful notes sections provide explanatory footnotes for each pick list. The database may be queried by one field or a combination of several fields.

139

New State Standards  

E-print Network

Texas Energy Codes Update & SECO Resources Felix A. Lopez, P.E Senior Engineer State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) CATEE-2011 Dallas Agenda ? Texas Energy Codes Update ? Chapter 447-TX Government Code ?TX Design Stds....-State-Funded Buildings ?TAC Rules: ?19.31/?19.32/?19.33/?19.34 ? Chapter 388-TX Health & Safety Code ?Texas Building Energy Performance Stds. ?TAC Rules: ?19.53 ? IECC-IRC 2012 ? SECO Resources ?Q&A 2 CATEE-Dallas 11-09-2011 Texas Design Standards...

Lopez, F. A.

2011-01-01

140

Quantum chimera states  

E-print Network

We study a theoretical model of closed quasi-hermitian chain of spins which exhibits quantum analogues of chimera states, i.e. long life classical states for which a part of an oscillator chain presents an ordered dynamics whereas another part presents a disordered chaotic dynamics. For the quantum analogue, the chimera behavior deals with the entanglement between the spins of the chain. We discuss the entanglement properties, quantum chaos, quantum disorder and semi-classical similarity of our quantum chimera system. The quantum chimera concept is novel and induces new perspectives concerning the entanglement of multipartite systems.

David Viennot; Lucile Aubourg

2014-08-20

141

Parameter estimating state reconstruction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Parameter estimation is considered for systems whose entire state cannot be measured. Linear observers are designed to recover the unmeasured states to a sufficient accuracy to permit the estimation process. There are three distinct dynamics that must be accommodated in the system design: the dynamics of the plant, the dynamics of the observer, and the system updating of the parameter estimation. The latter two are designed to minimize interaction of the involved systems. These techniques are extended to weakly nonlinear systems. The application to a simulation of a space shuttle POGO system test is of particular interest. A nonlinear simulation of the system is developed, observers designed, and the parameters estimated.

George, E. B.

1976-01-01

142

Collision-free state estimation  

E-print Network

In state estimation, we often want the maximum likelihood estimate of the current state. For the commonly used joint multivariate Gaussian distribution over the state space, this can be efficiently found using a Kalman ...

Lozano-Perez, Tomas

143

Measurement enhancement for state estimation  

E-print Network

to accurately monitor the system operating state. State estimation is an essential tool in an energy management system (EMS). It is responsible for providing an accurate and correct estimate for the system operating state based on the available measurements...

Chen, Jian

2009-05-15

144

State Cad Tutorial Jim Duckworth Using StateCAD to generate VHDL from State Diagrams  

E-print Network

State Cad Tutorial Jim Duckworth Using StateCAD to generate VHDL from State Diagrams Select Project;State Cad Tutorial Jim Duckworth Select Asynchronous reset then Next The Optimization Wizard may open at this point (click cancel ­ we will run this later) 2 #12;State Cad Tutorial Jim Duckworth Now we need to add

Huang, Xinming

145

United States Department of  

E-print Network

, northern long-eared myotis bat (Myotis septentrionalis), photo used with permission by Tim Carter, BallUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northern Research Station Research Note NRS-129 Effects of Acoustic Deterrents on Foraging Bats Joshua B. Johnson W. Mark Ford Jane L. Rodrigue

146

State Archaeological Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this conference was on programs and experiences in public archaeological education in the Plains states and immediate neighbors. The contents lists the following papers: (1) "Introduction to the Symposium" (William B. Butler); (2) "Archaeological Educational Programs in Colorado" (Kevin D. Black); (3) "Statewide Archaeological…

Butler, William B., Ed.

147

United States Environmental Protection  

E-print Network

wisely, understand how pollutants affect our health, and prevent or reduce environmental risks-effectiveness for prevention and control of pollution to air, land, water, and subsurface resources; protection of waterUnited States Environmental Protection Agency Hydrogeologic Framework, Ground-Water Geochemistry

148

When Church Meets State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the debate heats up over the separation of church and state issue board members need to be keenly aware of the fine line that exists between promoting nonreligious activities in school and encouraging an antireligious sentiment. Ten reminders are given for board members and administrators to remember when addressing the issue of religion in…

Hitz, Randy; Butterfield, Paula

1994-01-01

149

New State of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents how minorities break color barriers in top administrative positions at Pennsylvania institutions. Pennsylvania, the state with the sixth-largest population in the country with more than 12 million people, reportedly has more than 450 public and private colleges, universities and career and technical training schools. "Diverse"…

Ford, William J.

2009-01-01

150

Solid state heat engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A compact solid state turbine heat engine can be devised by pairing the nitinol elements. Each element is characterized by being in thermal contact with at least one hot water and one cold water bath and mechanically coupled to at least one driven pulley and driver pulley. A second nitinol element is similarly configured with a driver pulley, driven pulley,

Cory

1981-01-01

151

Designing State Aid Formulas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper designs a new equalization-aid formula based on fiscal gaps of local communities. When states are in transition to a new local aid formula, the issue of whether and how to hold existing aid harmless poses a challenge. The authors show that some previous studies and the formulas derived from them give differential weights to existing and…

Zhao, Bo; Bradbury, Katharine

2009-01-01

152

States of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Take a look at a molecular level at what happens in a substance during the three phases of solid, liquid, and gas. Use interactive computer models to trace an atomÂs trajectory at a certain physical stage, and investigate how molecular behavior is responsible for the substanceÂs state.

Consortium, The C.

2011-12-11

153

dddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd United States  

E-print Network

, and is on the verge of a major water shortage. As vineyards consume more rural acre- age, competition for water irrigation. However, California uses the largest volume of water of any state in the nation resources is increasing, which has increased the pres- sure on California vintners to use water more

Hubbard, Susan

154

Approximating optimal state estimation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Minimising forecast error requires accurately specifying the initial state from which the forecast is made by optimally using available observing resources to obtain the most accurate possible analysis. The Kalman filter accomplishes this for linear sys- tems and experience shows that the extended Kalman filter also performs well in non-linear systems. Unfortunately, the Kalman filter and the extended Kalman filter

Brian F. Farrell; Petros J. Ioannou

2006-01-01

155

United States Environmental Protection  

E-print Network

federal and state agencies to prepare for emergencies at U.S. nuclear plants, transportation accidents, and plants. The mining and processing of radioactive materials for use in medicine, power generation material, such as the accident at Chernobyl. EPA also provides support, guidance, and training to other

156

STATE/COUNTY BORDERS  

EPA Science Inventory

This data is available for the entire region. The level of detail is primarily suited for region/state/county/basin sized maps. The borders are not accurate enough for small areas like sub-basins and site areas. We use this coverage for general backgrounds and borders only. T...

157

United States Departmentof  

E-print Network

United States Departmentof Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest ResearchStation General Unit at Riverside, California. Cover-When wildfires reach a city, many homes can be lost. Publisher, and that loss occurs in the absence of good planning. The damage observed in all three counties appears

Standiford, Richard B.

158

Colorado State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colorado State University (CSU) is located in Fort Collins, which is a midsize city of 134,000 situated in Northern Colorado at the western edge of the Great Plains and at the base of the Rocky Mountains. CSU's total enrollment is approximately 25,000 students. The Division of Student Affairs comprises 30 departments organized into programmatic…

McKelfresh, David A.; Bender, Kim K.

2009-01-01

159

Emotional state and efficiency  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An investigation was made of the effect of emotional states-negative and positive- on work performance. Data cover intensity of emotional arousal, personality characteristics of person involved, typological features of person's nervous system, emotional stability of person, and past experience of person. Particular attention was given to emotional stress effects on efficiency, given modern working conditions.

Ovchinnikova, O. V.

1973-01-01

160

A State of Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Georgia, the technical college system is flourishing and offers the Peachtree State's students a number of career opportunities that are ripe for the picking. Georgia has invested more than one billion dollars in its technical college system. The investment was well worth it, as thousands of students were drawn to the newly built and modernized…

Gibbs, Hope J.

2005-01-01

161

Keystone State of Confusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When high school seniors begin searching for the best school to fit their higher education goals, they may need a road map, tour guide and interpreter to help them sort through Pennsylvania's higher education universe. For sure there are seemingly endless choices--public, private, large, small, urban and rural. The Keystone State boasts nearly 200…

Stuart, Reginald

2009-01-01

162

United States Environmental Protection  

E-print Network

United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA-822-B-00-024 December 2000 Office of Water 4304 of Environmental Protection and Dr. Donald Lear, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (retired). It is fitting of Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Mention of trade names, products, or services does

163

Orientation to @ Boise State  

E-print Network

. The orientation includes sections which discuss the characteristics of distance education, an overview of eCampus A- 3 Faculty Orientation to eCampus Table of Contents What is Distance Education at Boise State University? .............. A-5 NWCCU Standards Applicable to Distance Education................. A-7 e

Barrash, Warren

164

State Driver Information Name: ____________________________________________  

E-print Network

State Police PG County PD Other: ____________________________ Police Report #: ______________________________________ Officer's Name: ___________________ Badge #: __________ Were Citations Issued? Yes No If yes, to whom #) No ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ #12;When You Are Involved In An Accident: 1. Stay calm and call the police/911. 2. Do not discuss

Rubloff, Gary W.

165

WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY BIOSTATISTICS  

E-print Network

WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY BIOSTATISTICS Want your math skills to have a real-world impact? Consider a Master in Public Health in Biostatistics. Public health biostatisticians are concerned with disease in Biostatistics Gives You: A broad knowledge and understanding of statistical methods used in public health

Berdichevsky, Victor

166

United States Departmentof  

E-print Network

. Scharpf Lewis F. Roth #12;Scharpf, Robert F.; Roth, Lewis F. 1992. Resistance of ponderosa pine to western, Calif. LEWISF. ROTH is professor emeritus of forest pathology at Oregon State University, Corvallis.Scharpf Lewis F.Roth Contents ..In Brief

Standiford, Richard B.

167

State Health Profiles, 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Center for Health Statistics offers Excel files of the data used to produce this year's State Health Profiles publications. The files can be downloaded in Excel format and cover a variety of topics in eight categories including Deaths from Injuries, Infectious Diseases, Environmental Health Concerns, and more.

2001-01-01

168

STATE HOUSE ANNEX  

E-print Network

recommendations pursuant to P.L.2005, c.321. The enactment directed the Commission to study all aspects of the death penalty as currently administered in the State of New Jersey and to report our findings and recommendations to the Governor and Legislature together with any legislation we recommend for adoption by the Legislature. Sincerely, Rev. M. William Howard, Jr.

January Reverend M. William Howard; James P. Abbott; Honorable James; H. Coleman; Edward J. De Fazio; Kathleen Garcia; Kevin Haverty; Eddie Hicks; Thomas F. Kelaher; Honorable John; F. Russo; Rabbi Robert Scheinberg; Yvonne Smith Segars; Miles S. Winder; Gabriel R. Neville; Miriam Bavati; Honorable Jon Corzine

2007-01-01

169

FCC State Link  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers interested in telecommunications industry data and trends may download Federal Communications Commission (FCC) reports at the FCC State Link page. Archived documents are arranged by topic and may include specific information such as telephone industry revenues, rates, and market shares.

170

United States Department of  

E-print Network

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northern Research Station General Technical in the governmental, education, and private recreation and tourism sectors to share practical and scientific knowledge in continuing their education in recreation and tourism management are welcome. NERR 2009 Steering Committee

171

State Authorization Background  

E-print Network

.g. nursing, teaching, psychology, social work). For example, If a particular program does not fit into a state's licensing rules and regulations, or align with the licensing progression track, individual To Proceed: Per usual practice, all curricular requests are sent via the RO Online Forms menu at: https

172

United States Department of  

E-print Network

Gifford Pinchot Drive Madison, WI #12;2 International system of units (SI conversion factors) Conversion English unit factor SI unit acre 4,046 square meter (m2 ) board foot 0.002 cubic meter (m3 ) bushel (UUnited States Department of Agriculture Income Opportunities in Special Forest Forest Service

173

GIARDIASIS IN WASHINGTON STATE  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective was to determine the potential for transmission of giardiasis through approved drinking water supplies in Washington State. The project consisted of five studies: the first was conducted during trapping seasons (1976-1979) and resulted in examining of 656 beaver sto...

174

Solid state astrochemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fundamentals of astrochemistry in the gas phase are relatively well established, in contrast to the special relevance attributed to processes involving interstellar dust grains - the solid component of matter diffused among the stars. This book presents the state of the art in relation to the ways grains interact with gases, the catalytic role played by dust that allows

Valerio Pirronello; Jacek Krelowski; Giulio Manicò

2003-01-01

175

Metrication in the States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prompted by the widespread use of the metric system by most major industrial countries of the world, the United States Congress in 1969 initiated the passage of a bill authorizing the research and investigation of metrication to determine the worldwide impact of its use on this country so as to decide which route it should take. Data were obtained…

Council of State Governments, Lexington, KY.

176

Adams v. State.  

PubMed

The Supreme Court of Georgia, on 4 May 1998, held that a state statute permitting a crime victim who is significantly exposed to HIV request an HIV blood test on the person charged with the crime and arrested does not violate the Fourth Amendment right against unreasonable searches, nor does it violate privacy or equal protection rights. Malik Adams attacked and struggled with police officers during arrest. In the struggle, Adams's and an officer's hands, on which there were bleeding wounds, came in contact. Even though Adams did not have any outward AIDS symptoms, the State filed a motion to compel HIV testing. The Supreme Court of Georgia held that, because the statute compelling HIV testing serves the compelling state interest of preventing the public's exposure to HIV, the search, in this case the taking and sampling of blood, was reasonable. The statute also did not violate Adams's right to privacy or state or federal equal protection clauses. The judgment of the Superior court was affirmed. PMID:16285099

1998-01-01

177

Variational transition state theory  

SciTech Connect

This research program involves the development of variational transition state theory (VTST) and semiclassical tunneling methods for the calculation of gas-phase reaction rates and selected applications. The applications are selected for their fundamental interest and/or their relevance to combustion.

Truhlar, D.G. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)

1993-12-01

178

FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES  

E-print Network

FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1973 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 67 Prepared by STATISTICS a review of the fishery statistics for the year 1973 . These statistics include data on the volume in assembling data on the fisheries. In certain areas, information complete enough to be used by the statistical

179

FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES  

E-print Network

FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1971 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 65 Prepared by STATISTICS Service for the years 1931 , 1950 , 1954 - 60, and 1962 - 69 . ii i #12;FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED DEPARTMENT Of COMMERCE ATMO SPHE RIC ADMINI STRATION Fisheries Service frederick B. Dent, Secretary Robert M

180

United States Department of  

E-print Network

, biomass, and carbon for live and standing dead trees for most tree species in forests of the United States of tree growing-stock volume, biomass, and carbon, which are available in the Forest Inventory, mortality, and removals. U.S. forest carbon inventories have used biomass estimates based on equations from

181

Colorado State Forest Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This public information site from Colorado State University offers sections on managing private and community forests, Colorado wildfires, fire rehabilitation, employment opportunities, and Project Learning Tree, a series of learning modules for K-12 students and educators that address current environmental topics and issues.

2002-10-16

182

Oregon State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oregon State University (OSU) is located in Corvallis, a community of 53,000 people situated in the heart of the Willamette Valley between Portland and Eugene. Approximately 15,700 undergraduate and 3,400 graduate students, including 2,600 U.S. students of color and 950 international students, are currently enrolled at OSU across 11 academic…

Sanderson, Rebecca A.; Ketcham, Patricia L.

2009-01-01

183

United States Department of  

E-print Network

natural gas development in the region, data about its impacts to wildlife are lacking. Our objective, and proximity to natural gas markets in the heavily urbanized northeastern United States have prompted increased growth of natural gas development within this region, many of its environmental impacts, particularly

184

Utah State History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Utah State History website casts a broad net when they note that their mission is "to preserve and share the past for a better present and future." As a division of Utah's Department of Community and Culture, they reach out to the public through the work of this site and other entities, including the Utah State Historical Society. On their homepage, visitors will note that the site is divided into six primary sections, including "Program Areas", "Learning & Research", and "Experience History". The "Experience History" area is a good place to start, and visitors can learn about their preservation efforts and also learn about some of Utah's key historic sites. Moving on, the "Learning and Research" area provides timelines of Utah's history, access to a large online archive of photographs, and information on locating cemetery records in the state. Finally, the "Program Areas" section features information about their research center and the Utah State Historical Society and their featured publication, the Utah Historical Quarterly.

185

Florida State Bowling Team  

E-print Network

on equipment but nothing free. In addition we will continue our involvement with the Applied Sports Psychology BENEFITS AND RESPONSIBILITIES 19 The Good Stuff 19 Distribution of Equipment 20 How to Get the Boot 21 successful sports programs on campus and continue to build the legacy of more than 50 years of Florida State

Sura, Philip

186

States of Emergency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the stakes and the current economic climate, U.S. higher education officials across the country are stepping up their advocacy efforts, making their voices louder and more persistent than ever. They are vying for the attention of states struggling with increased demands for limited revenues, most choosing to divert dollars from higher…

Mayer, Caroline E.

2012-01-01

187

Bound states of quarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review consists of two parts, the phenomenology of non-relativistic potential models and the theoretical understanding of the forces between quarks. The first part reports on the description of hadrons as bound states of quarks by non-relativistic potential models. It starts with a brief sketch of the way in which information on the interquark potential may be gained from quantum

Wolfgang Lucha; Franz F. Schöberl; Dieter Gromes

1991-01-01

188

Solid-State Lighting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Solid-state lighting is a revolutionary technology that uses semiconducting materials to create light while generating almost no heat. This is extremely energy efficient, but until recently has been impractical due to the small amount of light emitted. New developments in light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have reversed this trend, and strong interest has been shown by the US government and many research bodies.A good introduction to the technology can be found at the Lighting Research Center (1). It has a few presentations that demonstrate the implications of solid-state lighting, as well as highlights of various research projects. The Compound Semiconductors Web site (2) is a good news source to learn about current breakthroughs. Abstracts of tutorials and industry outlooks are provided, which describe pure white light LEDs and other emerging technologies. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has a significant research effort in solid state lighting. This presentation (3), given in August 2002, describes the lab's motivation for advancing the technology. In a speech given by US Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham (4), he emphasizes the importance of solid-state lighting to reduce electricity usage. He describes the relationship between LEDs and conventional fluorescent lighting as similar to that between transistors and vacuum tubes. The Office of Building Technology offers this roadmap of lighting technology (5). The report anticipates advances in the industry over the next twenty years, with specific attention to solid state lighting. Another report is from the IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics (6). The authors discuss current trends in high-power LED development and results of the first solid-state lamp that is as intense as Thomas Edison's twenty watt bulb. A recent accomplishment at Sandia National Laboratories is outlined in this article from Lighting.com (7). The "tungsten photonic lattice" is capable of converting heat to visible light and could improve electrical efficiency by over 50 percent. Another efficiency-related news story comes from researchers from a semiconductor company and North Carolina State University (8). Their product reduces the voltage of a high-brightness LED to less than three volts, which was a long standing scientific hurdle.

Leske, Cavin.

2002-01-01

189

Biodiversity laws: State experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Western Governors' Association (WGA) includes both the public lands states with their issues and the plains states, which are 98% privately owned. WGA deals with most legislation affecting biodiversity, whether the effect is direct or tangential. It will probably not be possible, or desirable, for one entity to be in charge of biodiversity conservation. The Endangered Species Act, public lands laws, agricultural laws, water law, environmental laws, and funding legislation all affect biodiversity conservation and the responsibility for it. None of them on their own are enough, and most can cause harmful unintended consequences for biodiversity. The experience of western states in developing consensus principles for reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act provides an example of common-sense ways to improve management of biodiversity, notwithstanding the complexity and large stakes involved. The WGA's proposed changes call for increasing the role of states, streamlining the act, and increasing certainty for landowners and water users. To achieve sustainable conservation for biodiversity, the better question is not “Who is/should be in charge?”, it is “How do we get this done?” To answer this, we need goals, guidance, and bottom lines from federal laws, and management and oversight at the state level, but they all need to support local on-the-ground partnerships. Sustainable conservation requires the active participation of those who live there. WGA's experience in coordinating the Great Plains Partnership as well as its work with watershed efforts shed light on what to expect. Multilevel partnerships are not easy and require a different way of doing business. The ad hoc, sitespecific processes that result do not lend themselves to being legislated, fit into organizational boxes, or scored on a budget sheet. They do require common sense and a longterm perspective.

Clark, Jo

1996-11-01

190

Implementing the Common Core State Standards: State Spotlights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of the 2012-2013 school year, over 20 states have formally moved to the Common Core State Standards being used as the learning expectations for all students across the state, and the remainder will be doing so in the 2014-2015 school year. This document highlights state initiatives that are supporting Common Core implementation in the following…

Council of Chief State School Officers, 2013

2013-01-01

191

STATE OF NEW YORK NEW YORK STATE FOUNDATION FOR  

E-print Network

STATE OF NEW YORK NEW YORK STATE FOUNDATION FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION EDWARD REINFURT, Executive Director of the New York State Foundation for Science, Technology and Innovation (NYSTAR under Director Panwar has helped put New York State at the forefront of today's innovation economy" said

Aronov, Boris

192

State Energy Alternatives: Alternative Energy Resources by State  

DOE Data Explorer

Users can also find out from this map interface the contacts for Clean Cities in a state, information about renewable energy projects and activities in each state, fuel prices across a state, and biomass potential resources and current production in each state.

193

Western States and National Energy Policy: The New States' Rights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy development in western states has contributed to demands for new states' rights. Western states want a more active part in federal energy policy formulation. Article discusses recent intergovernmental relations, federal-state relations, and the effects of national energy, environmental, and related policies on energy resource development in…

Hall, Timothy A.; And Others

1978-01-01

194

Quantum information with Gaussian states  

E-print Network

Quantum optical Gaussian states are a type of important robust quantum states which are manipulatable by the existing technologies. So far, most of the important quantum information experiments are done with such states, including bright Gaussian light and weak Gaussian light. Extending the existing results of quantum information with discrete quantum states to the case of continuous variable quantum states is an interesting theoretical job. The quantum Gaussian states play a central role in such a case. We review the properties and applications of Gaussian states in quantum information with emphasis on the fundamental concepts, the calculation techniques and the effects of imperfections of the real-life experimental setups. Topics here include the elementary properties of Gaussian states and relevant quantum information device, entanglement-based quantum tasks such as quantum teleportation, quantum cryptography with weak and strong Gaussian states and the quantum channel capacity, mathematical theory of quantum entanglement and state estimation for Gaussian states.

X. -B. Wang; T. Hiroshima; A. Tomita; M. Hayashi

2008-01-30

195

Negative binomial and multinomial states: Probability distributions and coherent states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the relationship between probability distribution and coherent states, for example the well known Poisson distribution and the ordinary coherent states and relatively less known one of the binomial distribution and the $su(2)$ coherent states, we propose ``interpretation'' of $su(1,1)$ and $su(r,1)$ coherent states ``in terms of probability theory''. They will be called the ``negative binomial'' (``multinomial'') ``states'' which correspond

Hong-Chen Fu; Ryu Sasaki

1997-01-01

196

Neurobiology of Aversive States  

PubMed Central

Hoebel and colleagues are often known as students of reward and how it is coded in the CNS. This article, however, attempts to focus on the significant advances by Hoebel and others in dissecting out behavioral components of distinct aversive states and in understanding the neurobiology of aversion and the link between aversive states and addictive behaviors. Reward and aversion are not necessarily dichotomous and may reflect an affective continuum contingent upon environmental conditions. Descriptive and mechanistic studies pioneered by Bart Hoebel have demonstrated that the shift in the reward-aversion spectrum may be, in part, a result of changes in central dopamine/ACh ratio, particularly in the NAc. The path to aversion appears to include a specific neurochemical signature: reduced dopamine activity and increased ACh activity in “reward centers” of the brain. Opioid receptors may have a neuromodulatory role on both of these neurotransmitters. PMID:21549137

Umberg, Erin N.; Pothos, Emmanuel N.

2011-01-01

197

Wyoming State Geological Survey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This agency's mission is to study, examine, and seek an understanding of the geology, mineral resources, and physical features of the State; to prepare, publish, and distribute reports and maps of Wyoming's geology, mineral resources, and physical features; and to provide information, advice, and services related to the geology, mineral resources, and physical features of the State. This site contains details and reports about metals in Wyoming, earthquakes and other hazards, coal, industrial minerals, uranium, oil and gas. The field trip section contains details about various areas to visit with students and gives a general geologic description. There is also a searchable bibliography with publications about Wyoming geology. Links are provided for additional resources.

198

Bound States in Graphene  

E-print Network

We present a quantum analysis of the massless excitations in graphene with a charge impurity. When the effective charge exceeds a certain critical value, the spectrum is quantized and is unbounded from below. The corresponding eigenstates are square-integrable at infinity and have a rapidly oscillatory behaviour in the short distance, which can be interpreted as a fall to the centre. Using a cutoff regularization, we show that the effective Coulomb interaction strength is driven to its critical value under the renormalization group flow. In the subcritical region, we find bound states with imaginary values of the energy for certain range of the system parameters. The physical significance of these bound states with imaginary eigenvalues is discussed.

Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

2008-05-22

199

Cortical State and Attention  

PubMed Central

Preface The brain continuously adapts its processing machinery to behavioural demands. To achieve this it rapidly modulates the operating mode of cortical circuits, controlling the way information is transformed and routed. This article will focus on two experimental approaches by which the control of cortical information processing has been investigated: the study of state-dependent cortical processing in rodents, and attention in the primate visual system. Both processes involve a modulation of low-frequency activity fluctuations and spiking correlation, and are mediated by common receptor systems. We suggest that selective attention involves processes similar to state change, operating at a local columnar level to enhance the representation of otherwise nonsalient features while suppressing internally generated activity patterns. PMID:21829219

Harris, Kenneth D.; Thiele, Alexander

2012-01-01

200

Coherent States in Action  

E-print Network

Quantum mechanical phase space path integrals are re-examined with regard to the physical interpretation of the phase space variables involved. It is demonstrated that the traditional phase space path integral implies a meaning for the variables involved that is manifestly inconsistent. On the other hand, a phase space path integral based on coherent states entails variables that exhibit a self-consistent physical meaning.

John R. Klauder

1997-10-08

201

Superconducting states in graphene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In spite of the remarkable electronic properties of graphene, which include the existence of massless Dirac quasiparticles, the low density of states near the Dirac points seems to conspire against the formation of new many body ground states. In this context, the search for intriscic superconductivity in graphene has involved either combining graphene with other materials [1], or else exploring ways to modify the electronic density of states at the Fermi level. In this talk, after discussing the classification of symmetry states in the honeycomb lattice and analysing the general thermodynamic properties for Dirac fermion superconductors [2], I will describe a few promissing mechanisms to induce superconductivity in graphene. In particular, I will show that in the situation where strain effects lead to a reconstruction of the vacuum into a discrete spectrum of Landau levels due to pseudo magnetic fields, which preserve overall time reversal symmetry, superconductivity is quantum critical at integer filling of the Landau levels, when the system is incompressible. At partial filling, the quenching of the kinetic energy due to the Landau levels leads to a crossover to a non-Fermi liquid regime, where the critical temperature scales linearly with the coupling in the weak coupling limit. I will show that the critical temperature can be orders of magnitude larger than in conventional weak coupling superconductors, and may be triggered by phonons.[4pt] [1] B. Uchoa, A. H. Castro Neto, Physical Review Letters 98, 146801 (2007);[0pt] [2] V. N. Kotov, B. Uchoa et al., Reviews of Modern Physics 84, 1067 (2012).

Uchoa, Bruno

2013-03-01

202

Solid State Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers in detail the research work of the Solid State Division at Lincoln Laboratory for the period 1 May-31 July 1995. The topics covered are: Electrooptical Devices, Quantum Electronics, Materials Research, Submicrometer Technology, High Speed Electronics, Microelectronics, and analog device technology. Funding is provided primarily by the Air Force, with additional Support provided by the Army, ARPA, Navy, BMDO, NASA and NIST.

Shaver, David C.

1995-01-01

203

Solid state batteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solid state cells of the configuration Li\\/2.5LiI + Li4P2S7\\/TiS2 have been constructed and tested between -40 C and +150 C. Continuous discharge current density capabilities range from 2 microamp\\/sq cm at low temperature to more than 800 microamp\\/sq cm at high temperature. Continuous dischare current density at 25 C can exceed 100 microamp\\/sq cm with pulse current capability in the

J. R. Akridge; H. Vourlis

1987-01-01

204

The Pervasive Plasma State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site by the Division of Plasma Physics of the American Physical Society explores plasma, a state of matter that blankets the Earth as a result of solar winds. Pictures and text are used to convey the significance and commonplace use of plasmas in society. Information provided by the site includes understanding plasmas, commercial applications, plasma in space, the future of plasma use, and more.

Berk, Herbert L.

2008-05-06

205

The Pervasive Plasma State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site by the Division of Plasma Physics of the American Physical Society explores plasma, a state of matter that blankets the Earth as a result of solar winds. Pictures and text are used to convey the significance and commonplace use of plasmas in society. Information provided by the site includes understanding plasmas, commercial applications, plasma in space, the future of plasma use, and more.

2006-07-14

206

Solid State Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers in detail the research work of the Solid State Division at Lincoln Laboratory for the period 1 May - 31 July 1996. The topics covered are Electrooptical Devices, Quantum Electronics, Materials Research, Submicrometer Technology, High Speed Electronics, Microelectronics, and Analog Device Technology. Funding is provided primarily by the Air Force, with additional Support provided by the Army, DARPA, Navy, BMDO, NASA, and NIST.

Shaver, David C.

1996-01-01

207

States of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is intended to help students gain an understanding of the different states of matter and their properties. Introduction: What is matter? Something important? We're going to talk about a kind of matter that has to do with science. Matter is all around us. Take a look at the following video to learn what matter is. Matter video Task: Now that we know what matter is, we are going ...

Davies, Mrs.

2010-02-19

208

Entanglement of neutrino states  

E-print Network

Muon and muon antineutrino born in the decay of charged pion form the entangled spin state. The decay of muon with the left helicity triggers the left helicity for muon antineutrino to preserve the null total angular momentum of muon and muon antineutrino. This is forbidden for antineutrino hence one cannot detect the muon antineutrino after the decay of muon. This effect may explain the deficit of muon neutrino flux in the Super-Kamiokande, K2K, MINOS experiments.

D. L. Khokhlov

2007-03-21

209

Drought in Your State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is part of Planet Diary and is an online exploration of droughts in the twentieth century. Students each choose a state to investigate and compare the actual Palmer Drought Severity Index (PSDI) for years 1895 to the present, with the reconstructed measurements for 1700 to 1895. Using this information students report on any trends in droughts for the area they study. This activity has an accompanying page with links for more information.

210

State Government Tax Collections: 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The annual Census Bureau report State Government Tax Collections Data by State presents statistics on tax collections for the 50 US state governments in HTML table, ASCII text file, and spreadsheet file formats. According to the 1998 data, individual income taxes and general sales taxes continued to be the mainstay of most state government tax systems last year.

1999-01-01

211

Collision-free state estimation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In state estimation, we often want the maximum likelihood estimate of the current state. For the commonly used joint multivariate Gaussian distribution over the state space, this can be efficiently found using a Kalman filter. However, in complex environments the state space is often highly constrained. For example, for objects within a refrigerator, they cannot interpenetrate each other or the

Lawson L. S. Wong; Leslie Pack Kaelbling; Tomas Lozano-Perez

2012-01-01

212

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON WASHINGTON STATE  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON WASHINGTON STATE EMPLOYEE TUITION EXEMPTION REQUEST I have read and accept OF WASHINGTON STATE EMPLOYEES TUITION EXEMPTION REQUEST INSTRUCTIONSELIGIBILITY Eligible State of Washington to be eligible: Non-University of Washington permanent classified or contract state employees employed half

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

213

HAM homomorphism for state abstraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the HRL field, there are several main methods such as HAMs, options, MAXQ. A main problem that exists in HAMs is its joint state space consisting of the cross-product of the machine states in the HAM and the states in the original MDP, which can not be completely solved by a subroutine-based state abstraction method. This paper analyzes this

Du Xiaoqin; Li Qinghua; Han Jianjun

2009-01-01

214

Nationalist Idealisation and the State  

Microsoft Academic Search

Walker Connor has argued that the conflation of nation and state leads to muddled thinking about both concepts. While his advisory is well-taken, the decoupling of nation and state can be taken too far, for nation and state are intimately conjoined in the modern era. There are important ideational constructs embedded in the practices and principles of modern state governance

Paul Howe

2005-01-01

215

Iowa State University Extension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Iowa State University Extension, like many state university extension services, concerns itself with almost every aspect of life a person will encounter from birth to death. Even though this website is geared towards Iowans and the unique problems and opportunities they face living in a heavily rural state, this website has a lot of practical research-based information that would be helpful to people living elsewhere as well. For visitors who want to learn more about Iowa, this website will give them a unique perspective. Visitors shouldn't miss the Extension's newly launched interactive learning website by clicking on "Check ISU's Extension's Managing Tough Times Website" on the homepage. The categories covered are "Families and Households", "Businesses and Communities Surviving Economic Uncertainty" and "Farming in Today's Changing Economy". For community information, visitors should check out the Extension Information heading on the left side of the home page. Links to "Disaster Recovery", "Hotlines," "Markets", "Publications" and "Weather" are available, where visitors can listen to the latest futures market report, watch segments of a video conference on flood recovery, and find numbers for hotlines concerning teens, new farmers, horticulture and problem gambling. There are numerous publications that are available from the Extension, some of which can be purchased as hard copies and some of which can be downloaded for free. Visitors can click on the "Publications" on the left side of the page, under the "Extension Information" heading.

216

Fermionic coherent states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this paper is to give a self-contained and unified presentation of a fermionic coherent state theory with the necessary mathematical details, discussing their definition, properties and some applications. After defining Grassmann algebras, it is possible to get a classical analog for the fermionic degrees of freedom in a quantum system. Following the basic work of Berezin (1966 The Method of Second Quantization (New York: Academic); 1987 Introduction to Superanalysis (Dordrecht: Reidel Publishing Company)), we show that we can compute with Grassmann numbers as we do with complex numbers: derivation, integration, Fourier transform. After that we show that we have quantization formulas for fermionic observables. In particular, there exists a Moyal product formula. As an application, we consider explicit computations for propagators with quadratic Hamiltonians in annihilation and creation operators. We prove a Mehler formula for the propagator and Mehlig-Wilkinson-type formulas for the covariant and contravariant symbols of ‘metaplectic’ transformations for fermionic states. This article is part of a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical devoted to ‘Coherent states: mathematical and physical aspects’.

Combescure, Monique; Robert, Didier

2012-06-01

217

A search for equilibrium states  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An efficient search algorithm is described for the location of equilibrium states in a search set of states which differ from one another only by the choice of pure phases. The algorithm has three important characteristics: (1) it ignores states which have little prospect for being an improved approximation to the true equilibrium state; (2) it avoids states which lead to singular iteration equations; (3) it furnishes a search history which can provide clues to alternative search paths.

Zeleznik, F. J.

1982-01-01

218

State Energy Program Operations Manual  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Program Operations Manual is a reference tool for the states and the program officials at the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs and Regional Support Offices as well as State Energy Offices. The Manual contains information needed to apply for and administer the State Energy Program, including program history, application rules and requirements, and program administration and monitoring requirements.

Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs

1999-03-17

219

Our Nations States and Capitals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will be researching and learning about our Nations states and capitals in a fun interactive lesson. This lesson will be a fun way to learn our 50 states and their capitals. Follow this check list to complete your assignments. 1. We will be learning the 50 States song to help us memorize all 50 States. 50 States Song Click here to learn song. 2. If your name starts ...

Hansen, Miss

2009-11-23

220

Transboundary aquifers: Southwestern states assess  

E-print Network

tx H2O | pg. 14 Southwestern states assess Researchers from three universities in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona and from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are partnering on a new project to evaluate aquifers that span the United States... and Mexico borders. The federally funded project, known as United States-Mexico Transboundary Aquifer Assessment, will provide a scientific foundation for state and local officials to address pressing water resources challenges in the United States...

Wythe, Kathy

2008-01-01

221

State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Tax Incentives  

SciTech Connect

As a policy tool, state tax incentives can be structured to help states meet clean energy goals. Policymakers often use state tax incentives in concert with state and federal policies to support renewable energy deployment or reduce market barriers. This analysis used case studies of four states to assess the contributions of state tax incentives to the development of renewable energy markets. State tax incentives that are appropriately paired with complementary state and federal policies generally provide viable mechanisms to support renewable energy deployment. However, challenges to successful implementation of state tax incentives include serving project owners with limited state tax liability, assessing appropriate incentive levels, and differentiating levels of incentives for technologies with different costs. Additionally, state tax incentives may result in moderately higher federal tax burdens. These challenges notwithstanding, state tax incentives that consider certain policy design characteristics can support renewable energy markets and state clean energy goals.The scale of their impact though is directly related to the degree to which they support the renewable energy markets for targeted sectors and technologies. This report highlights important policy design considerations for policymakers using state tax incentives to meet clean energy goals.

Lantz, E.; Doris, E.

2009-10-01

222

Parameter and state estimator for state space models.  

PubMed

This paper proposes a parameter and state estimator for canonical state space systems from measured input-output data. The key is to solve the system state from the state equation and to substitute it into the output equation, eliminating the state variables, and the resulting equation contains only the system inputs and outputs, and to derive a least squares parameter identification algorithm. Furthermore, the system states are computed from the estimated parameters and the input-output data. Convergence analysis using the martingale convergence theorem indicates that the parameter estimates converge to their true values. Finally, an illustrative example is provided to show that the proposed algorithm is effective. PMID:24723791

Ding, Ruifeng; Zhuang, Linfan

2014-01-01

223

Parameter and State Estimator for State Space Models  

PubMed Central

This paper proposes a parameter and state estimator for canonical state space systems from measured input-output data. The key is to solve the system state from the state equation and to substitute it into the output equation, eliminating the state variables, and the resulting equation contains only the system inputs and outputs, and to derive a least squares parameter identification algorithm. Furthermore, the system states are computed from the estimated parameters and the input-output data. Convergence analysis using the martingale convergence theorem indicates that the parameter estimates converge to their true values. Finally, an illustrative example is provided to show that the proposed algorithm is effective. PMID:24723791

Zhuang, Linfan

2014-01-01

224

Realizing Controllable Quantum States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. Entanglement in solid states. Orbital entanglement and violation of bell inequalities in mesoscopic conductors / M. Büttiker, P. Samuelsson and E. V. Sukhoruk. Teleportation of electron spins with normal and superconducting dots / O. Sauret, D. Feinberg and T. Martin. Entangled state analysis for one-dimensional quantum spin system: singularity at critical point / A. Kawaguchi and K. Shimizu. Detecting crossed Andreev reflection by cross-current correlations / G. Bignon et al. Current correlations and transmission probabilities for a Y-shaped diffusive conductor / S. K. Yip -- 2. Mesoscopic electronics. Quantum bistability, structural transformation, and spontaneous persistent currents in mesoscopic Aharonov-Bohm loops / I. O. Kulik. Many-body effects on tunneling of electrons in magnetic-field-induced quasi one-dimensional systems in quantum wells / T. Kubo and Y. Tokura. Electron transport in 2DEG narrow channel under gradient magnetic field / M. Hara et al. Transport properties of a quantum wire with a side-coupled quantum dot / M. Yamaguchi et al. Photoconductivity- and magneto-transport studies of single InAs quantum wires / A. Wirthmann et al. Thermoelectric transports in charge-density-wave systems / H. Yoshimoto and S. Kurihara -- 3. Mesoscopic superconductivity. Parity-restricted persistent currents in SNS nanorings / A. D. Zaikin and S. V. Sharov. Large energy dependence of current noise in superconductingh/normal metal junctions / F. Pistolesi and M. Houzet. Generation of photon number states and their superpositions using a superconducting qubit in a microcavity / Yu-Xi Liu, L. F. Wei and F. Nori. Andreev interferometry for pumped currents / F. Taddei, M. Governale and R. Fazio. Suppression of Cooper-pair breaking against high magnetic fields in carbon nanotubes / J. Haruyama et al. Impact of the transport supercurrent on the Josephson effect / S. N. Shevchenko. Josephson current through spin-polarized Luttinger liquid / N. Yokoshi and S. Kurihara -- 4. Mesoscopic superconductivity with unconventional superconductor or ferromagnet. Ultraefficient microrefrigerators realized with ferromagnet-superconductor junctions / F. Giazotto et al. Anomalous charge transport in triplet superconductor junctions by the synergy effect of the proximity effect and the mid gap Andreev resonant states / Y. Tanaka and S. Kashiwaya. Paramagnetic and glass states in superconductive YBa[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] ceramics of sub-micron scale grains / H. Deguchi et al. Quantum properties of single-domain triplet superconductors / A. M. Gulian and K. S. Wood. A numerical study of Josephson current in p wave superconducting junctions / Y. Asano et al. Tilted bi-crystal sapphire substrates improve properties of grain boundary YBa[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] junctions and extend their Josephson response to THZ frequencies / E. Stepantsov et al. Circuit theory analysis of AB-plane tunnel junctions of unconventional superconductor Bi[symbol]Sr[symbol]Ca[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] / I. Shigeta et al. Transport properties of normal metal/anisotropic superconductor junctions in the eutectic system Sr[symbol]RuO[symbol]Ru / M. Kawamura et al. Macroscopic quantum tunneling in d-wave superconductor Josephson / S. Kawabata et al. Quasiparticle states of high-T[symbol] oxides observed by a Zeeman magnetic field response / S. Kashiwaya et al. Experimentally realizable devices for controlling the motion of magnetic flux quanta in anisotropic superconductors: vortex lenses, vortex diodes and vortex pumps / S. Savel'ev and F. Nori. Stability of vortex-antivortex "molecules" in mesoscopic superconducting triangles / V. R. Misko et al. Superconducting network with magnetic decoration - Hofstadter butterfly in spatially modulated magnetic field / Y. Iye et al. Observation of paramagnetic supercurrent in mesoscopic superconducting rings and disks using multiple-small-tunnel-junction method / A. Kanda et al. Guidance of vortices in high-T[stmbol] superconducting thin films with special arrangements of antidots / R. Wöerdenweber, P. Dymashevsk

Takayanagi, Hideaki; Nitta, Junsaku

225

Generalized states in SFT  

E-print Network

The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \\`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

Loriano Bonora; Stefano Giaccari

2013-04-08

226

Generalized states in SFT  

E-print Network

The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \\`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

Bonora, Loriano

2013-01-01

227

Generalized states in SFT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory à la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

Bonora, L.; Giaccari, S.

2013-12-01

228

Solid state thermal engine  

SciTech Connect

An improved solid state thermal engine utilizes as a drive member a braided belt fabricated from a memory alloy such as nickel-titanium and nickel-titanium ternary alloys, copper-zinc and copper-zinc ternary alloys, and the like. The braided belt is mounted on a set of pulleys to provide passage through a hot zone where the belt contracts and develops tension, and through a cold zone where it relaxes and stretches. Since more energy is delivered by contraction than is required for relaxation, positive work output results with an efficiency of between onefifth and one-third of the carnot cycle.

Wayman, C.M.

1981-01-27

229

Chico State Herbarium Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 88,000 mounted and dried specimens, the "Biological Sciences Herbarium at California State University, Chico is the most complete repository of plant specimens from northeastern California. The emphasis is on the local flora, and includes a number of rare, threatened, and endangered plant species." Samples in the Herbarium include ferns, conifers, flowering plants, lichens, bryophytes, and slime molds. The Herbarium Database is still adding specimen label information. The Database includes search fields for Genus, Species, and Subspecies. All higher academic institutions are eligible for specimen loans from the Herbarium.

2007-08-28

230

State of the Cryosphere  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the National Snow and Ice Data Center, the new State of the Cryosphere Website discusses the cryosphere and its close relationship to "climate variability." Cryospheric regions, or areas where water is found in solid forms, are highly sensitive to changes in temperature. This is because snow and ice "exist relatively close to their melting point and frequently change phase from solid to liquid and back again." The implications of climate change and fluctuations in Northern Hemisphere snow cover, sea ice, mountain glaciers, and sea level are explored here. The site contains helpful links, an introduction, a glossary, and references.

231

State of the Land  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This excellent new site, from the US Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service, "provides data on land use and change, soil erosion and soil quality, water quality, wetlands, and other issues regarding the conservation and use of natural resources on non-Federal land in the United States." The site is searchable by keyword and is organized into five main sections: People on the Land; Analysis Maps & Publications; Water Quality, Wetlands; Cropping, Grazing Land; and NRCS National Conservation Priorities. Each main section offers further information on that topic, and hyperlinks take readers to related sites.

232

State v. Olivas.  

PubMed

The Supreme Court of Washington upheld the constitutionality of a state law requiring DNA testing of persons convicted of violent crimes or sex offenses in order to establish a DNA data bank for use in future prosecution of recidivist acts. The court allowed "the drawing of blood without a search warrant, probable cause or individualized suspicion." The court reasoned that it was preferable "to balance the general privacy right of persons to be free from unjustified governmental intrusion against the 'special needs beyond normal law enforcement' of the government" rather than "to balance the limited privacy rights of convicted persons against a compelling governmental interest." PMID:12041122

1993-08-12

233

Illinois State Geological Survey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Illinois State Geological Survey (ISGS) homepage provides information on geologic mapping, earthquakes, fossils, groundwater, wetlands, glacial geology, bedrock geology, and Lake Michigan geology. Educational materials include field trip guides, short publications on Illinois geology for students and teachers, online tours, single-page maps, and a geologic column. Other materials include databases and collections of GIS data, well records, drill cores, and mining information; a bibliography of Illinois geology; online maps and data; and information on water and land use, resource development, and geologic hazards.

234

Solid state oxygen sensor  

DOEpatents

Solid state oxygen sensors are provided with a yttria-doped zirconia as an electrolyte and use the electrochemical oxygen pumping of the zirconia electrolyte. A linear relationship between oxygen concentration and the voltage arising at a current plateau occurs when oxygen accessing the electrolyte is limited by a diffusion barrier. A diffusion barrier is formed herein with a mixed electronic and oxygen ion-conducting membrane of lanthanum-containing perovskite or zirconia-containing fluorite. A heater may be used to maintain an adequate oxygen diffusion coefficient in the mixed conducting layer.

Garzon, Fernando H. (Sante Fe, NM); Chung, Brandon W. (Los Alamos, NM); Raistrick, Ian D. (Los Alamos, NM); Brosha, Eric L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1996-01-01

235

Solid state oxygen sensor  

DOEpatents

Solid state oxygen sensors are provided with a yttria-doped zirconia as an electrolyte and use the electrochemical oxygen pumping of the zirconia electrolyte. A linear relationship between oxygen concentration and the voltage arising at a current plateau occurs when oxygen accessing the electrolyte is limited by a diffusion barrier. A diffusion barrier is formed herein with a mixed electronic and oxygen ion-conducting membrane of lanthanum-containing perovskite or zirconia-containing fluorite. A heater may be used to maintain an adequate oxygen diffusion coefficient in the mixed conducting layer. 4 figs.

Garzon, F.H.; Chung, B.W.; Raistrick, I.D.; Brosha, E.L.

1996-08-06

236

Illinois State University Planetarium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this website, visitors can discover the Illinois State University (ISU) Planetarium, which was created to provide a popular form of enriching entertainment, facilitate university-community relation, and recruit potential students. For astronomers, the website features a useful celestial events calendar updated at the end of each month. Educators can learn about the many programs ISU Planetarium offers for preschool through high school students. Users can learn about ISU's facilities, capabilities, and services. The website also provides links to an astronomy club, and many amateur astronomy websites.

237

Southern States` Routing Agency Report  

SciTech Connect

The Southern States` Routing Agency Report is a compendium of 16-southern states` routing programs and authorities for high-level radioactive materials transportation. The report includes the identification of each state`s designated routing agency and state legislation and regulations pertaining specifically to the shipment routing of high-level radioactive materials. Using information collected and compiled by the Hazardous Materials Information Group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the report also addresses local government routing restrictions for high-level radioactive materials transportation. Whether local or state routing restrictions have been legally challenged and found to be inconsistent and preempted by the federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Act of 1974 (49 App. USC. 1801 et seq.) is noted. Finally, the state agency and contact designated by each state`s governor to receive advance notification and shipment routing information under 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 71 and 73 is listed.

Not Available

1988-02-01

238

Distinguishing exotic states from scattering states in lattice QCD  

E-print Network

This work explores the problem of distinguishing potentially interesting new exotic states in QCD from conventional scattering states using lattice QCD, and addresses the specific case of the search for localized resonances ...

Sigaev, Dmitry

2008-01-01

239

Whitner v. State.  

PubMed

The Supreme Court of South Carolina held that a viable fetus is a child within the meaning of the state's child endangerment statute. The court defined a viable fetus as one that is capable of independent life apart from the mother. In this case, the mother had ingested crack cocaine during the third trimester of her pregnancy and was convicted of criminal child neglect by a lower court. Her petition for post-conviction relief was granted by the lower court. On appeal, the Supreme Court of South Carolina reversed the lower court's decision, rejecting, as without merit, the mother's arguments that her conviction had violated both her due process rights, and her right to privacy under the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The court ruled that the state had a compelling interest to ensure the life and health of a viable fetus. Two justices dissented, one on the grounds that the term "child" in the child endangerment statute did not apply to fetuses, and one on the grounds that the statute does not regulate the conduct of a woman toward her unborn child. PMID:11995718

1997-11-19

240

[Mixed states and schizophrenia].  

PubMed

Because of their compilation of contrasted symptoms and their variable clinical presentation, mixed episodes have been withdrawn from the DSM. However, mixed states question not only the bonds between depression and mania, but also the distinction between bipolar disorders and schizophrenia. Indeed, doubts about the dichotomy introduced by Kraepelin between bipolar disorders and schizophrenia is as old as the nosolgy itself, as attest the later works of this author revealing his hesitations on his own classification. But findings here reviewed issued from recent technical advances, particularly in the imaging and genetic fields, offer a better understanding of the boundaries between these two disorders. Yet, when confronted to an acute episode, clinicians may find it challenging to distinguish a mixed state from a schizophrenic relapse. Indeed, there is no pathognomonic manifestation allowing to retain a diagnosis with confidence. The physician will therefore have to identify a pattern of signs, which will orient his assessment with no certainty. Thus, negative rather than affective or psychotic symptomatology appears to be useful in discriminating schizophrenia (or schizoaffective) disorders from mixed mania. However, a conclusion during this acute stage appears in definitive a formal exercise, first because the final diagnosis will only be ascertained once the symptoms are amended, and second because, according to our classifications, a mood episode, including mania and mixed mania, can be observed without ruling out the diagnosis of schizophrenia. PMID:24359851

Fakra, E; Belzeaux, R; Pringuey, D; Cermolacce, M; Corréard, N; Micoulaud-Franchi, J-A; Azorin, J-M

2013-12-01

241

Solid state heat engine  

SciTech Connect

A compact solid state turbine heat engine can be devised by pairing the nitinol elements. Each element is characterized by being in thermal contact with at least one hot water and one cold water bath and mechanically coupled to at least one driven pulley and driver pulley. A second nitinol element is similarly configured with a driver pulley, driven pulley, hot and cold water bath. The driver pulley associated with the first nitinol element is mechanically coupled to the driven pulley of the second nitinol element. Similarly, the driver pulley of the second nitinol element is mechanically coupled to the driven pulley of the first nitinol element. The paired nitinol elements form a compound solid state turbine engine wherein each nitinol element lies in a single plane and wherein the engine may be combined with a plurality of such pairs for increased power output. The nitinol elements may also incorporate a snubber to limit the strain on the element and the engine may further incorporate a variable radius pulley to increase the efficiency of mechanical conversion.

Cory, J.S.

1981-12-15

242

Electronic energy states  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One-electron wave functions are reviewed and approximate solutions of two-electron systems are given in terms of these one-electron functions. The symmetry effects associated with electron spin are reviewed and the effects of electron exchange on energy levels of the two-electron system are given. The coupling of electronic orbital and spin angular momentum is considered next and the Lande interval rule for Russell-Saunders or LS coupling is derived. The configurations possible for various multi-electron LS couplings are enumerated (examples from the first two rows of the periodic table are given), and the meaning of the spectroscopic nomenclature is discussed, particularly with respect to the degeneracies of the electron states involved. Next the nomenclature, symmetries, and degeneracies for electron states of diatomic molecules are discussed, and some examples for N2, O2, and NO are presented. The electronic partition functions and derivative thermodynamic properties are expressed in terms of these energies and degeneracies, and examples are given for some of the simple gas species encountered in the earth's atmosphere.

1976-01-01

243

From Graph States to Two-Graph States  

E-print Network

The name graph state is used to describe a certain class of pure quantum state which models a physical structure on which one can perform measurement-based quantum computing, and which has a natural graphical description. We present the two-graph state, this being a generalisation of the graph state and a two-graph representation of a stabilizer state. Mathematically, the two-graph state can be viewed as a simultaneous generalisation of a binary linear code and quadratic Boolean function. It describes precisely the coefficients of the pure quantum state vector resulting from the action of a member of the local Clifford group on a graph state, and comprises a graph which encodes the magnitude properties of the state, and a graph encoding its phase properties. This description facilitates a computationally efficient spectral analysis of the graph state with respect to operations from the local Clifford group on the state, as all operations can be realised graphically. By focusing on the so-called local transform group, which is a size 3 cyclic subgroup of the local Clifford group over one qubit, and over $n$ qubits is of size $3^n$, we can efficiently compute spectral properties of the graph state.

Constanza Riera; Stephane Jacob; Matthew G. Parker

2008-01-30

244

Toward State Tax Reform: Lessons from State Tax Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews recent state tax-commission recommendations in selected states and identifies critical factors for the success of state tax-reform commissions. The paper focuses on factors linked to the process of forming a commission and generating the necessary consensus to enact tough reforms. It describes and compares comprehensive studies…

McGuire, Therese J.; Rio, Jessica E.

245

State Leadership for School Improvement: An Analysis of Three States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Extant reports on states' policy differences are mostly descriptive and largely ignore the pervasive role of political culture on their educational policy-making processes. This article examines the effect of policy culture on states' policy-making mechanisms. There is evidence that a state's political culture is a significant mediating…

Louis, Karen Seashore; Thomas, Emanda; Gordon, Molly F.; Febey, Karen S.

2008-01-01

246

State Programs of School Improvement: A 50-State Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of low cost, innovative, and successful school improvement activities have been initiated at both state and local levels in the past few years. This document highlights many of the state-level activities by presenting the results of a 50-state survey conducted in May and June 1982. Two tables provide a brief overview, followed by…

Odden, Allan; Dougherty, Van

247

Rotational-state-selective field ionization of molecular Rydberg states  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents state-selective field ionization spectra of highly excited Rydberg states of NO. The competition between electron-nuclear coupling and electron-field coupling is investigated and it is shown that the slew rate of the electric field can be exploited to control the rotational quantum state composition of field-ionized molecules.

R. Patel; N. J. A. Jones; H. H. Fielding

2007-01-01

248

STATE SOIL GEOGRAPHIC (STATSGO) DATA BASE FOR THECOTERNIMOUS UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

USSOILS is an Arc 7.0 coverage containing hydrology-relevant information for 10,498 map units covering the entire conterminous United States. The coverage was compiled from individual State coverages contained in the October 1994 State Soil Geographic (STATSGO) Data Base produce...

249

States' Progress and Challenges in Implementing Common Core State Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most states are participating in the initiative led by the National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers to develop and adopt voluntary common core state standards that will outline what elementary and secondary school students are expected to learn in English language arts and mathematics. Implementing these…

Kober, Nancy; Rentmer, Diane Stark

2011-01-01

250

Materials for solid state batteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book presents papers on materials for solid state batteries. Topics include the following: Thin Films of Lithium Glasses; glassy solids and dc conductivity in the liquid and glassy states; electrochemistry; polymer electrolytes; and polymer electrodes.

B. V. R. Chowdavi; S. Radhakvishna

1986-01-01

251

Assisted Living State Regulatory Review  

MedlinePLUS

... NCAL NCAL Membership State Affiliates of NCAL NCAL Governance Faces of Assisted Living News & Media News Releases ... NCAL NCAL Membership State Affiliates of NCAL NCAL Governance NCAL Committees NCAL Staff News & Media News Releases ...

252

The new hidden charm states  

SciTech Connect

Many new states in the charmonium mass region were recently discovered by the BaBar, Belle and CDF Collaborations. We use the QCD Sum Rule approach to study the possible structure of some of these states.

Navarra, Fernando S.; Nielsen, Marina [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66318, 05389-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2010-08-04

253

Lung Cancer Rates by State  

MedlinePLUS

... Rates* by State, 2011† Color on Map Interval States Light green 29.3 to 55.8 Arizona, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, ...

254

Breast Cancer Rates by State  

MedlinePLUS

... Associated Lung Ovarian Prostate Skin Uterine Cancer Home Breast Cancer Rates by State Language: English Español (Spanish) Share ... died from breast cancer each year. Incidence of Breast Cancer by State The number of people who get ...

255

On States and State Operators on Certain Basic Algebras  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper is based on the authors' talks given at the 11th IQSA Meeting in Cagliari; it deals with states and state operators (internal states) on basic algebras which are a generalization of MV-algebras and orthomodular lattices, also including lattice effect algebras. On the one hand, the paper is a survey of some previous results on states and state operators on commutative basic algebras, and on the other one, an extension of these results to the much larger class of basic algebras where the addition ? distributes over the lattice meet ?.

Botur, Michal; Kühr, Jan; Rach?nek, Ji?í

2014-10-01

256

Solid state television camera  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design, fabrication, and tests of a solid state television camera using a new charge-coupled imaging device are reported. An RCA charge-coupled device arranged in a 512 by 320 format and directly compatible with EIA format standards was the sensor selected. This is a three-phase, sealed surface-channel array that has 163,840 sensor elements, which employs a vertical frame transfer system for image readout. Included are test results of the complete camera system, circuit description and changes to such circuits as a result of integration and test, maintenance and operation section, recommendations to improve the camera system, and a complete set of electrical and mechanical drawing sketches.

1976-01-01

257

Solid state plasmas  

E-print Network

Magnetic fusion devices operate at regimes characterized by extremely high temperatures and low densities, for which the charged particles motion is well described by classical mechanics. This is not true, however, for solid-state metallic objects: their density approaches $10^{28} \\rm m^{-3}$, so that the average interparticle distance is shorter than the de Broglie wavelength, which characterizes the spread of the electron wave function. Under these conditions, the conduction electrons behave as a true quantum plasma even at room temperature. Here, we shall illustrate the impact of quantum phenomena on the electron dynamics in metallic objects of nanometric size, particularly thin metallic films excited by short laser pulses. Further, we will discuss more recent results on regimes that involve spin and relativistic effects.

Manfredi, Giovanni

2014-01-01

258

Plymouth State Weather Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Plymouth State Weather Center provides a variety of weather information, including a tropical weather menu with current and archived data on tropical depressions, storms, or hurricanes in the Atlantic or Eastern Pacific Oceans. An interactive Weather Product Generator allows students to make their own surface data maps and meteograms (24-hour summaries of weather at a specific location), and view satellite imagery. There are also interactive weather maps for the U.S., Canada, and Alaska that display the latest observations, and text servers which provide current written observations for New England and North America. A set of past and current weather data products provides information on minimum and maximum temperatures, wind chill, and heat index. In addition, there are collections of satellite loops/movies, radar/lightning images, loops, and movies, and a set of tutorials on clouds, the sun and its effects on the environment, and balanced atmospheric flows.

259

Solid state power controllers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rationale, analysis, design, breadboarding and testing of the incremental functional requirements are reported that led to the development of prototype 1 and 5 Amp dc and 1 Amp ac solid state power controllers (SSPC's). The SSPC's are to be considered for use as a replacement of electro-mechanical relays and circuit breakers in future spacecraft and aircraft. They satisfy the combined function of both the relay and circuit breaker and can be remotely controlled by small signals, typically 10 mA, 5 to 28 Vdc. They have the advantage over conventional relay/circuit breaker systems in that they can be located near utilization equipment and the primary ac or dc bus. The low level control, trip indication and status signals can be circuited by small guage wire for control, computer interface, logic, electrical multiplexing, unboard testing, and power management and distribution purposes. This results in increased system versatility at appreciable weight saving and increased reliability.

Gibbs, R. S.

1973-01-01

260

Organization of American States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1948, 21 nations in the Western hemisphere signed the Organization of American States (OAS) Charter which was designed to affirm their commitment to a number of common goals and their respect for each nation's sovereignty. In the present day, the members of the OAS continue to work together to protect human rights, strengthen security throughout the region, and to fight corruption. On this site (last reviewed in the Scout Report on August 8, 1996), scholars and the general public can take advantage of the organization's many online resources, including the audio archives of OAS Radio, detailed information on the OAS's governing bodies, and its annual reports. From the homepage, visitors can also peruse some of their other online materials, such as online exhibits from the Art Museum of the Americas and The Children's Corner. Young people will enjoy the Children's Corner as it provides material on the culture, history, art, and folklore of South, Central and North America.

261

Weather and emotional state  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction Given the proven effects of weather on the human organism, an attempt to examine its effects on a psychic and emotional level has been made. Emotions affect the bio-tonus, working ability and concentration, hence their significance in various domains of economic life, such as health care, education, transportation, tourism, etc. Data and methods The research has been made in Sofia City within a period of 8 months, using 5 psychological methods (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Test for Self-assessment of the emotional state (developed by Wessman and Ricks), Test for evaluation of moods and Test "Self-confidence - Activity - Mood" (developed by the specialists from the Military Academy in Saint Petersburg). The Fiodorov-Chubukov's complex-climatic method was used to characterize meteorological conditions because of the purpose to include in the analysis a maximal number of meteorological elements. 16 weather types are defined in dependence of the meteorological elements values according to this method. Abrupt weather changes from one day to another, defined by the same method, were considered as well. Results and discussions The results obtained by t-test show that the different categories of weather lead to changes in the emotional status, which indicates a character either positive or negative for the organism. The abrupt weather changes, according to expectations, have negative effect on human emotions but only when a transition to the cloudy weather or weather type, classified as "unfavourable" has been realized. The relationship between weather and human emotions is rather complicated since it depends on individual characteristics of people. One of these individual psychological characteristics, marked by the dimension "neuroticism", has a strong effect on emotional reactions in different weather conditions. Emotionally stable individuals are more "protected" to the weather influence on their emotions, while those who are emotionally unstable have a stronger dependence to the impacts of the weather.

Spasova, Z.

2010-09-01

262

Office of the Secretary of State: Rhode Island State Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Far more than a collection of basic government documents, the Rhode Island State Library website is a nice resource for anyone seeking to learn more about the Ocean State. The materials here are divided into three main sections: "Research Tools", "Publications", and "Everything RI". In "Research Tools", users will find executive orders issued by the governor, annual reports, as well as state regulations and rules. Moving on, the "Publications" area contains some colorful historical documents, including the Rhode Island Royal Charter of 1663 and the state constitution. Finally, the "Everything RI" area contains documents that narrate the state's history, such as "State Symbols", "Famous Rhode Islanders", "Rhode Island Landmarks", and "City & Town Incorporation Dates". Just for reference, some of the notable persons from the Ocean State include George M. Cohan, Anne Hutchinson, and baseball legend Nap Lajoie.

263

State cigarette excise taxes - United States, 2010-2011.  

PubMed

Increasing the price of cigarettes reduces the demand for cigarettes, thereby reducing youth smoking initiation and cigarette consumption and decreasing the prevalence of cigarette use in the United States overall, particularly among youths and young adults. The most common way governments have increased the price of cigarettes is by increasing cigarette excise taxes, which currently are imposed by all states and the District of Columbia. To update data on state cigarette excise taxes in 2009, CDC conducted a survey of changes in state cigarette excise taxes during 2010-2011. During that period, eight states increased their cigarette excise taxes, and one state decreased its tax; as a result, the mean state tax increased from $1.34 in 2009 to $1.46 in 2011. Previous evidence indicates that further increases in cigarette excise taxes would be expected to result in further reductions in demand for cigarettes, decreasing smoking and associated morbidity and mortality. PMID:22456118

2012-03-30

264

Local cloning of CAT states  

E-print Network

In this Letter we analyze the (im)possibility of the exact cloning of orthogonal three-qubit CAT states under local operation and classical communication(LOCC) with the help of a restricted entangled state. We also classify the three-qubit CAT states that can(not) be cloned under LOCC restrictions and extend the results to the n-qubit case.

Ramij Rahaman

2010-08-17

265

State Definitions of Emotional Disturbance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines definitions state education agencies use to describe the federal education disability called "emotional disturbance." State definitions were collected so that various aspects of them could be analyzed and compared with results of similar studies completed in the 1970s and 1980s. Among results are that state definitions have…

Wery, Jessica J.; Cullinan, Douglas

2013-01-01

266

State Estimation with ARMarkov Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ARMarkov models were originally developed for adaptive neural control, and later for predictive control, and state-space identification. Recently, an interaction matrix formulation has been developed that explains the internal structure of the ARMarkov models and their connection to the state-space representation. Using the interaction matrix formulation, we show in this paper how a state estimator can be identified directly

Ryoung K. Lim; Minh Q. Phan; Richard W. Longman

1998-01-01

267

States Trend toward Performance Funding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As college completion becomes a priority, more state legislatures are challenging community colleges to demonstrate progress by tying funding measures to institutional performance. Tom Harnisch, a policy analyst with the American Association of State Colleges and Universities, reports that 17 states are currently implementing or considering the…

Hermes, Jim

2012-01-01

268

Penn State DOE GATE Program  

SciTech Connect

The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) was established in October 1998 pursuant to an award from the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE). The focus area of the Penn State GATE Program is advanced energy storage systems for electric and hybrid vehicles.

Anstrom, Joel

2012-08-31

269

Academic Accountability and State Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This speech discusses the national emerging trend toward state intervention in local educational processes as part of the academic accountability movement. It provides examples of reforms and improvements whereby state intervention furnished local school improvement. The address focuses on state intervention in Jersey City, New Jersey; predicts…

Duncan, John W.

270

State of Maine's Environment 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State of Maine's Environment is a regular series of reports written by senior environmental policy majors at Colby College in Waterville, Maine. The State of Maine's Environment 2010 is the sixth State of Maine's Environment report created by students enrolled in ES 493: Environmental Policy Practicum taught by Philip J. Nyhus, Environmental Studies Program. Topics in this report include

Philip J. Nyhus

2010-01-01

271

Classical and Quantal State Reconstruction  

E-print Network

Analysis of state reconstruction both classical and quantum mechanical on equal footing is outlined. The meaning of "mutual unbiased bases" (MUB) of Hilbert spaces is explained in detail. An alternative quantum state reconstruction, that utilizes mutual unbiased bases (MUB), is given. The MUB approach is then used for state reconstruction in a finite, d, dimensional Hilbert spaces.

M. Revzen

2009-12-30

272

FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES  

E-print Network

SH 11 .A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES ^ 1951 &ch 3. \\§^ ^/'· m:^ STATISTICAL DIGEST. Farley, Director Statistical Digest 30 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1951 BY A. W. ANDERSON;Fishery Statistics of the United States and Alaska are compiled and published annually to make available

273

Kent State University Senior Leadership  

E-print Network

Name: Title: Kent State University Senior Leadership pg. 1 Kent State University Senior Leadership Leadership pg. 2 Lester A. Lefton, Ph.D. President and Chief Executive Officer B.S. in Psychology: OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT #12;Name: Title: Kent State University Senior Leadership pg. 3 Education

Khan, Javed I.

274

Washington State University Global Campus  

E-print Network

1 Washington State University Global Campus Elson S. Floyd, University President "Washington State University. Global Campus." [Elson S. Floyd]: In 1890 Washington State University was given a mission: Reach beyond campus boundaries. It's been more than a century of success. Extension offices in every Washington

Collins, Gary S.

275

Washington State High School Mathematics  

E-print Network

Washington State High School Mathematics Standards July 2008 Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction #12;Algebra 1, Geometry, Algebra 2 July 2008 2 Washington State K­12 Mathematics Standards Overview The Washington State K­12 Mathematics Standards outline the mathematics learning expectations

Wilson, W. Stephen

276

San Diego State police department  

E-print Network

San Diego State University police department 2011 Safety and Security report imperial valley campus #12;A Message from the Chief of Police Welcome to San Diego State University - Imperial Valley Campus! I would like to welcome all new and returning faculty, staff, and students to San Diego State

Ponce, V. Miguel

277

San Diego State police department  

E-print Network

San Diego State University police department 2011 Safety and Security report #12;A Message from the Chief of Police Welcome to San Diego State University! I would like to welcome all new and returning faculty, staff, and students to San Diego State University. As members of the SDSU campus community, we

Ponce, V. Miguel

278

San Diego State police department  

E-print Network

San Diego State University police department 2012 Safety and Security report imperial valley campus #12;A Message from the Chief of Police Welcome to San Diego State University - Imperial Valley Campus! I would like to welcome all new and returning faculty, staff, and students to San Diego State

Ponce, V. Miguel

279

San Diego State police department  

E-print Network

San Diego State University police department 2012 Safety and Security report #12;A Message from the Chief of Police Welcome to San Diego State University! I would like to welcome all new and returning faculty, staff, and students to San Diego State University. As members of the SDSU campus community, we

Ponce, V. Miguel

280

State University System of Florida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents some information about the State University System of Florida. The following are presented in this paper: (1) University Work Plans and Annual Reports; (2) State University System 2009 Annual Report; (3) Quick Facts: Planned New Degree Programs--2010 to 2013; (4) State University System Tuition Differential Summary, FY…

Board of Governors, State University System of Florida, 2012

2012-01-01

281

Symmetric States in Quantum Geometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the kinematical sector of loop quantum gravity, states are represented as functions on the space bar {A} of generalized connections with gauge group G = SU(2) on a space manifold Sigma. All these states can be decomposed in terms of the spin network basis which are special states associated with graphs in Sigma. Given a symmetry group S acting

M. Bojowald; H. A. Kastrup

2002-01-01

282

NAEP 1998 Writing State Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On September 28, 1999, the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) released a major report. This offering from the NCES is a collection of customized State Reports from the NAEP. Each report contains an introduction to the NAEP, a description of the assessment methods, an overview of results for public schools, and comparisons of that state with other participating states.

Ballator, Nada.; Jerry, Laura J.

1999-01-01

283

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES  

E-print Network

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES The intent of these policies is to provide Truman State University students, faculty and staff with maximum opportunity and space to advertise approved or other methods of advertising. Advertising of events at Truman State University is limited to recognized

Gering, Jon C.

284

Spurious states in quasiparticle theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

0+ spurious states arising due to the nonconservation of the number of particles, associated with the quasiparticle modified Tamm-Dancoff approximation method, up to the square of the number of particles operator are discussed. A procedure for eliminating the effects of these spurious states from the quasiparticle modified Tamm-Dancoff approximation basis states is prescribed and applied to structure studies of Ni

Ram Raj; M. L. Rustgi

1990-01-01

285

78 FR 58559 - United States  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Modelo brand beer in the United States...designed to preserve competition in the United States and 26 local beer markets. As explained...in the CIS, the beer industry in the United States...coordination has reduced competition and increased...

2013-09-24

286

State-to-state and state-to-all-states reactive scattering angular distributions: F+H /sub 2/. -->. HF+H  

SciTech Connect

How each state-to-state reactive transition determines nonundulatory ''state-to-all-states'' angular distribution has not yet been investigated. Here we present a complete exposure of state-to-state distorted-wave Born-approximation angular distributions in order to examine how the nonoscillatory and backward-peaked state-to-all-states reactive scattering angular distribution occurs.

Emmons, R.W.; Suck, S.H.

1983-04-01

287

Southern States' Routing Agency Report  

SciTech Connect

The Southern States' Routing Agency Report is a compendium of 16-southern states' routing programs and authorities for high-level radioactive materials transportation. The report includes the identification of each state's designated routing agency and state legislation and regulations pertaining specifically to the shipment routing of high-level radioactive materials. Using information collected and compiled by the Hazardous Materials Information Group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the report also addresses local government routing restrictions for high-level radioactive materials transportation. Whether local or state routing restrictions have been legally challenged and found to be inconsistent and preempted by the federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Act of 1974 (49 App. USC. 1801 et seq.) is noted. Finally, the state agency and contact designated by each state's governor to receive advance notification and shipment routing information under 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 71 and 73 is listed.

Not Available

1988-02-01

288

Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 2007, 2: 345367 Rich State, Poor State, Red State,  

E-print Network

Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 2007, 2: 345­367 Rich State, Poor State, Red State, Blue and the Columbia University psychology department, and anonymous reviewers for helpful comments; Maryann Fiebach and Eunseong Kim for data from the American Journalist Survey; David Leip for election data; Robert Shapiro

Gelman, Andrew

289

Beyond Equity: The New Politics of State Fiscal Constraints. State of the States: Florida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public school funding in Florida differs from other states in a number of important ways. First, Florida has a highly equalized resource-distribution formula resulting in a high degree of interdistrict equity. Second, concerns for quality, while constant, have had to compete with the state's phenomenal growth. Third, the state exercises a much…

Herrington, Carolyn D.; Trimble, Susan

290

Solid state research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Solid State division of Lexington Lincoln Lab reports on its progress for this quarter. The areas of study are: Time Dye Laser Using Integrated Optics; GaP Microlenses by Mass Transport; A New OMVPE Reactor for Growth of InP and Related Alloys; Microchannel Heat Sinks for Two-Dimensional High Power-Density Diode Laser Arrays; Novel Scalloped-Mirror Diffraction-Coupled Laser Arrays; Three-Mirror Ti:Al2O3 Ring Laser Cavity; Femtosecond TiAl2O3 Injection-Seeded Laser; End-Pumped Nd:LaF3 and Nd:LaMgA11O19 Lasers; Single Frequency Mixing of Frequency Modulated Laser Radiation; Vertical Rotating Disk OMVPE Reactor; New Electron Beam Lithography System; Dry Etching Induced Damage on Vertical Sidewalls of GaAs Channels; Homoepitaxial Semiconducting Diamond; 420 X 420 CCD Frame Transfer Imager; Technique for Monolithically Integrating GaAs/AlGaAs Lasers of Different Wavelengths; Superconducting Thin Films of BiSrCaCuO; and Nb Thin Film Capacitors for Superconductive Circuits.

McWhorter, Alan L.

1989-03-01

291

Solid state laser  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A wavelength-tunable, injection-seeded, dispersion-compensated, dispersively-pumped solid state laser includes a lasing medium; a highly reflective mirror; an output coupler; at least one isosceles Brewster prism oriented to the minimum deviation angle between the medium and the mirror for directing light of different wavelengths along different paths; means for varying the angle of the highly reflective mirror relative to the light from at least one Brewster angle for selecting a predetermined laser operating wavelength; a dispersion compensation apparatus associated with the lasing medium; a laser injection seeding port disposed between the dispersion compensation apparatus and one of the mirror and coupler and including a reflective surface at an acute non-Brewster angle to the laser beam for introducing a seed input; a dispersion compensation apparatus associated with the laser medium including opposite chirality optical elements; the lasing medium including a pump surface disposed at an acute angle to the laser beam to define a discrete path for the pumping laser beam separate from the pumped laser beam.

Rines, Glen A. (Inventor); Moulton, Peter F. (Inventor); Harrison, James (Inventor)

1993-01-01

292

The State Hermitage Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia is not only an impressive museum to visit in person, but its online museum is very well done, and includes virtual tours of several parts of the museum. There is so much information on this website and after browsing around, visitors will feel like they have had a personally guided tour of the art collections and the architecture of the buildings. Visitors can learn the history of the Hermitage by clicking on "Hermitage History" near the top of the homepage. The "Timeline" will orient the visitor, and "A Walk Through the Imperial Hermitage" and "The Winter Palace Through the Ages" allows for a look at several different ages of parts of the six building museum. The Digital Collection can be searched or browsed in the usual way, such as by title, artist, year, medium, etc., but IBM's experimental Query By Image Content (QBIC) allows visitors to find "a Gauguin masterpiece simply by recalling the organisation of his subjects or locating a Da Vinci painting by searching for its predominant colours." There are short animated demonstrations to show the visitor how to do a search by color or layout.

2006-01-01

293

Fake state attack on practically decoy state quantum key distribution  

E-print Network

In this paper, security of practically decoy state quantum key distribution under fake state attack is considered. If quantum key distribution is insecure under this type of attack, decoy sources can not also provide it with enough security. Strictly analysis shows that Eve should eavesdrop with the aid of photon-number-resolving instruments. In practical implementation of decoy state quantum key distribution where statistical fluctuation is considered, however, Eve can attack it successfully with threshold detectors.

Yong-gang Tan

2012-02-15

294

Three State Nuclear Decay Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Three State Nuclear Decay model extends the Two State Nuclear Decay model (also available through OSP and ComPADRE) to simulate the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei in which the parent nucleus first decays into an intermediate state before decaying into a stable state. Although the decay of both the parent and intermediate nucleus (radionuclides) is spontaneous and unpredictable, the probability of decay of each radionuclide is constant and is usually known. The model displays a color-coded sample with N1 parent nuclides, N2 intermediate state nuclides, and N3 stable state nuclides.  Users can set the initial numbers N1 and N2, the decay the decay constants k1 and k2, and the time interval between measurements Δt before the simulation is run. The simulation counts the number of decay events and stops when all nuclides are in the stable state.   Check boxes display a plot and a table showing the time evolution of each state as well as the number of decay events in each time interval.  The data plot allows users to compare the data generated by the random decay model with a differential equation-based model. The Three State Nuclear Decay model was developed using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_nuclear_ThreeStateNuclearDecay.jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Christian, Wolfgang

2011-01-07

295

Pointer states via engineered dissipation  

SciTech Connect

Pointer states are long-lasting high-fidelity states in open quantum systems. We show how any pure state in a non-Markovian open quantum system can be made to behave as a pointer state by suitably engineering the coupling to the environment via open-loop periodic control. Engineered pointer states are constructed as approximate fixed points of the controlled open-system dynamics, in such a way that they are guaranteed to survive over a long time with a fidelity determined by the relative precision with which the dynamics is engineered. We provide quantitative minimum-fidelity bounds by identifying symmetry and ergodicity conditions that the decoherence-inducing perturbation must obey in the presence of control, and develop explicit pulse sequences for engineering any desired set of orthogonal states as pointer states. These general control protocols are validated through exact numerical simulations as well as semiclassical approximations in realistic single- and two-qubit dissipative systems. We also examine the role of control imperfections, and show that while pointer-state engineering protocols are highly robust in the presence of systematic pulse errors, the latter can also lead to unintended pointer-state generation in dynamical decoupling implementations, explaining the initial-state selectivity observed in recent experiments.

Khodjasteh, Kaveh; Viola, Lorenza [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755 (United States); Dobrovitski, Viatcheslav V. [Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)

2011-08-15

296

Pointer states via engineered dissipation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pointer states are long-lasting high-fidelity states in open quantum systems. We show how any pure state in a non-Markovian open quantum system can be made to behave as a pointer state by suitably engineering the coupling to the environment via open-loop periodic control. Engineered pointer states are constructed as approximate fixed points of the controlled open-system dynamics, in such a way that they are guaranteed to survive over a long time with a fidelity determined by the relative precision with which the dynamics is engineered. We provide quantitative minimum-fidelity bounds by identifying symmetry and ergodicity conditions that the decoherence-inducing perturbation must obey in the presence of control, and develop explicit pulse sequences for engineering any desired set of orthogonal states as pointer states. These general control protocols are validated through exact numerical simulations as well as semiclassical approximations in realistic single- and two-qubit dissipative systems. We also examine the role of control imperfections, and show that while pointer-state engineering protocols are highly robust in the presence of systematic pulse errors, the latter can also lead to unintended pointer-state generation in dynamical decoupling implementations, explaining the initial-state selectivity observed in recent experiments.

Khodjasteh, Kaveh; Dobrovitski, Viatcheslav V.; Viola, Lorenza

2011-08-01

297

Pointer States via Engineered Dissipation  

E-print Network

Pointer states are long-lasting high-fidelity states in open quantum systems. We show how any pure state in a non-Markovian open quantum system can be made to behave as a pointer state by suitably engineering the coupling to the environment via open-loop periodic control. Engineered pointer states are constructed as approximate fixed points of the controlled open-system dynamics, in such a way that they are guaranteed to survive over a long time with a fidelity determined by the relative precision with which the dynamics is engineered. We provide quantitative minimum-fidelity bounds by identifying symmetry and ergodicity conditions that the decoherence-inducing perturbation must obey in the presence of control, and develop explicit pulse sequences for engineering any desired set of orthogonal states as pointer states. These general control protocols are validated through exact numerical simulations as well as semi-classical approximations in realistic single and two qubit dissipative systems. We also examine the role of control imperfections, and show that while pointer-state engineering protocols are highly robust in the presence of systematic pulse errors, the latter can also lead to unintended pointer-state generation in dynamical decoupling implementations, explaining the initial-state selectivity observed in recent experiments.

Kaveh Khodjasteh; Viatcheslav V. Dobrovitski; Lorenza Viola

2011-06-23

298

7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1220.615 State...

2010-01-01

299

7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.  

... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1220.615 State...

2014-01-01

300

Engineering mixed states in a degenerate four-state system.  

PubMed

A method is proposed for preparing any pure and wide class of mixed quantum states in the decoherence-free ground-state subspace of a degenerate multilevel lambda system. The scheme is a combination of optical pumping and a series of coherent excitation processes, and for a given pulse sequence the same final state is obtained regardless of the initial state of the system. The method is robust with respect to the fluctuation of the pulse areas, as in adiabatic methods; however, the field amplitude can be adjusted in a larger range. PMID:15600831

Karpati, A; Kis, Z; Adam, P

2004-11-01

301

Complexity of Graph State Preparation  

E-print Network

The graph state formalism is a useful abstraction of entanglement. It is used in some multipartite purification schemes and it adequately represents universal resources for measurement-only quantum computation. We focus in this paper on the complexity of graph state preparation. We consider the number of ancillary qubits, the size of the primitive operators, and the duration of preparation. For each lexicographic order over these parameters we give upper and lower bounds for the complexity of graph state preparation. The first part motivates our work and introduces basic notions and notations for the study of graph states. Then we study some graph properties of graph states, characterizing their minimal degree by local unitary transformations, we propose an algorithm to reduce the degree of a graph state, and show the relationship with Sutner sigma-game. These properties are used in the last part, where algorithms and lower bounds for each lexicographic order over the considered parameters are presented.

Mehdi Mhalla; Simon Perdrix

2004-12-09

302

United States Vital Records Information  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Amateur genealogists beginning their searches through the vital records at the state or county level will find useful resources on this web site. Organized by state and then by county, these pages present instructions on how to make inquiries concerning vital records. In addition to general guidelines on what data to include in a request for birth, marital, and death records, each state's page has addresses for both state and county records offices and information about fees. All fifty states and several US possessions are included. There are also links to other local and national genealogy resources, as well as state and local historical societies, which can often be a good source for genealogical information.

303

Amplitude-mediated chimera states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the possibility of obtaining chimera state solutions of the nonlocal complex Ginzburg-Landau equation (NLCGLE) in the strong coupling limit when it is important to retain amplitude variations. Our numerical studies reveal the existence of a variety of amplitude-mediated chimera states (including stationary and nonstationary two-cluster chimera states) that display intermittent emergence and decay of amplitude dips in their phase incoherent regions. The existence regions of the single-cluster chimera state and both types of two-cluster chimera states are mapped numerically in the parameter space of C1 and C2, the linear and nonlinear dispersion coefficients, respectively, of the NLCGLE. They represent a new domain of dynamical behavior in the well-explored rich phase diagram of this system. The amplitude-mediated chimera states may find useful applications in understanding spatiotemporal patterns found in fluid flow experiments and other strongly coupled systems.

Sethia, Gautam C.; Sen, Abhijit; Johnston, George L.

2013-10-01

304

Self-testing graph states  

E-print Network

We give a construction for a self-test for any connected graph state. In other words, for each connected graph state we give a set of non-local correlations that can only be achieved (quantumly) by that particular graph state and certain local measurements. The number of correlations considered is small, being linear in the number of vertices in the graph. We also prove robustness for the test.

Matthew McKague

2010-10-11

305

1D Quantum States Applet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simulation shows time-dependent 1D quantum bound state wavefunctions for a number of different wells. Position, momentum, parity, energy, and current can all be viewed, with phase shown with color. Eigentstates can be selected using the energy level diagram. Multiple-energy-eigenstate wavefunctions can be created through changes in the amplitude and phase of the basis states using spinors. Postion and energy measurements can be taken, resulting in new states of the system.

Falstad, Paul

2004-05-17

306

Local cloning of entangled states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the conditions under which a set S of pure bipartite quantum states on a D×D system can be locally cloned deterministically by separable operations, when at least one of the states is full Schmidt rank. We allow for the possibility of cloning using a resource state that is less than maximally entangled. Our results include that: (i) all states in S must be full Schmidt rank and equally entangled under the G-concurrence measure, and (ii) the set S can be extended to a larger clonable set generated by a finite group G of order |G|=N, the number of states in the larger set. It is then shown that any local cloning apparatus is capable of cloning a number of states that divides D exactly. We provide a complete solution for two central problems in local cloning, giving necessary and sufficient conditions for (i) when a set of maximally entangled states can be locally cloned, valid for all D; and (ii) local cloning of entangled qubit states with nonvanishing entanglement. In both of these cases, we show that a maximally entangled resource is necessary and sufficient, and the states must be related to each other by local unitary “shift” operations. These shifts are determined by the group structure, so need not be simple cyclic permutations. Assuming this shifted form and partially entangled states, then in D=3 we show that a maximally entangled resource is again necessary and sufficient, while for higher-dimensional systems, we find that the resource state must be strictly more entangled than the states in S. All of our necessary conditions for separable operations are also necessary conditions for local operations and classical communication (LOCC), since the latter is a proper subset of the former. In fact, all our results hold for LOCC, as our sufficient conditions are demonstrated for LOCC, directly.

Gheorghiu, Vlad; Yu, Li; Cohen, Scott M.

2010-08-01

307

B States at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

The CDF and D0 experiments have produced a wealth of heavy flavor physics results since the beginning of RunII of the Fermilab Tevatron. They review recent measurements of B hadron states including excited B states (B**, B{sub s}**) and the B{sub c}{sup +} meson. They also summarize the discoveries of the {Sigma}{sub b} baryon states and the {Xi}{sub b}{sup -} baryon.

Paulini, Manfred; /Carnegie Mellon U.

2009-06-01

308

Chimera states on complex networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The model of nonlocally coupled identical phase oscillators on complex networks is investigated. We find the existence of chimera states in which identical oscillators evolve into distinct coherent and incoherent groups. We find that the coherent group of chimera states always contains the same oscillators no matter what the initial conditions are. The properties of chimera states and their dependence on parameters are investigated on both scale-free networks and Erdös-Rényi networks.

Zhu, Yun; Zheng, Zhigang; Yang, Junzhong

2014-02-01

309

Bulk pesticide storage - state perspective  

SciTech Connect

State bulk pesticide storage regulations continue to evolve differentially due, in large part, to the absence of federal regulations. This is about to change because of the pending promulgation of 40 CFR Part 165, as amended in 1988 by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rules regarding storage, handling and disposal. Until final adoption of the rules by EPA, states continue to address bulk pesticide storage and handling according to individual state statute, rules and guidelines.

Buzicky, G.

1994-12-31

310

Maintaining the unmethylated state  

PubMed Central

Background A remarkable correspondence exists between the cytogenetic locations of the known fragile sites and frequently reported sites of hypermethylation. The best-known features of fragile sites are sequence motifs that are prone to the spontaneous formation of a non-B DNA structure. These facts, coupled with the known enzymological specificities of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), the ATP-dependent and actin-dependent helicases, and the ten-eleven translocation (TET) dioxygenases, suggest that these enzymes are involved in an epigenetic cycle that maintains the unmethylated state at these sites by resolving non-B structure, preventing both the sequestration of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and hypermethylation in normal cells. Presentation of the hypothesis The innate tendency of DNA sequences present at fragile sites to form non-B DNA structures results in de novo methylation of DNA at these sites that is held in check in normal cells by the action of ATP-dependent and actin-dependent helicases coupled with the action of TET dioxygenases. This constitutes a previously unrecognized epigenetic repair cycle in which spontaneously forming non-B DNA structures formed at fragile sites are methylated by DNMTs as they are removed by the action of ATP-dependent and actin-dependent helicases, with the resulting nascent methylation rendered non-transmissible by TET dioxygenases. Testing the hypothesis A strong prediction of the hypothesis is that knockdown of ATP-dependent and actin-dependent helicases will result in enhanced bisulfite sensitivity and hypermethylation at non-B structures in multiple fragile sites coupled with global hypomethylation. Implications of the hypothesis A key implication of the hypothesis is that helicases, like the lymphoid-specific helicase and alpha thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked helicase, passively promote accurate maintenance of DNA methylation by preventing the sequestration of DNMTs at sites of unrepaired non-B DNA structure. When helicase action is blocked due to mutation or downregulation of the respective genes, DNMTs stall at unrepaired non-B structures in fragile sites after methylating them and are unable to methylate other sites in the genome, resulting in hypermethylation at non-B DNA-forming sites, along with hypomethylation elsewhere. PMID:24079333

2013-01-01

311

State observer for synchronous motors  

DOEpatents

A state observer driven by measurements of phase voltages and currents for estimating the angular orientation of a rotor of a synchronous motor such as a variable reluctance motor (VRM). Phase voltages and currents are detected and serve as inputs to a state observer. The state observer includes a mathematical model of the electromechanical operation of the synchronous motor. The characteristics of the state observer are selected so that the observer estimates converge to the actual rotor angular orientation and velocity, winding phase flux linkages or currents.

Lang, Jeffrey H. (Waltham, MA)

1994-03-22

312

Single electron states in polyethylene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report computer simulations of an excess electron in various structural motifs of polyethylene at room temperature, including lamellar and interfacial regions between amorphous and lamellae, as well as nanometre-sized voids. Electronic properties such as density of states, mobility edges, and mobilities are computed on the different phases using a block Lanczos algorithm. Our results suggest that the electronic density of states for a heterogeneous material can be approximated by summing the single phase density of states weighted by their corresponding volume fractions. Additionally, a quantitative connection between the localized states of the excess electron and the local atomic structure is presented.

Wang, Y.; MacKernan, D.; Cubero, D.; Coker, D. F.; Quirke, N.

2014-04-01

313

Semiclassical states for quantum cosmology  

SciTech Connect

In a metric variable based Hamiltonian quantization, we give a prescription for constructing semiclassical matter-geometry states for homogeneous and isotropic cosmological models. These 'collective' states arise as infinite linear combinations of fundamental excitations in an unconventional polymer quantization. They satisfy a number of properties characteristic of semiclassicality, such as peaking on classical phase space configurations. We describe how these states can be used to determine quantum corrections to the classical evolution equations, and to compute the initial state of the universe by a backward time evolution.

Husain, Viqar; Winkler, Oliver [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3 (Canada); Perimeter Institute of Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON (Canada)

2007-01-15

314

Fourier Transform Quantum State Tomography  

E-print Network

We propose a technique for performing quantum state tomography of photonic polarization-encoded multi-qubit states. Our method uses a single rotating wave plate, a polarizing beam splitter and two photon-counting detectors per photon mode. As the wave plate rotates, the photon counters measure a pseudo-continuous signal which is then Fourier transformed. The density matrix of the state is reconstructed using the relationship between the Fourier coefficients of the signal and the Stokes' parameters that represent the state. The experimental complexity, i.e. different wave plate rotation frequencies, scales linearly with the number of qubits.

Mohammadreza Mohammadi; Agata M. Branczyk; Daniel F. V. James

2012-11-06

315

State Energy Overview. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

An overview of selected energy-related data for the United States, for each state, and for the District of Columbia is presented. Included are the quantities of energy produced and consumed, estimates of fuel reserves, the value of nonrenewable fuels produced by type, energy expenditures, and consumer prices. Also provided for each state are selected demographic and energy-related information that have been ranked and expressed as a percent of the national total. This overview provides a ready reference and a quick access to selected state energy information and state rankings for various socioeconomic and energy items. The State Energy Overview is arranged in five sections. The first section presents United States totals and an overview of state rankings. The second depicts data for the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The glossary presents definitions germane to this publication and the fourth section describes methodology and includes remarks concerning the information and methods used to estimate 1982 consumption numbers. The fifth section presents sources of data and information for this publication. A summary of each section is included.

Not Available

1983-10-01

316

Texas State Technical College, Waco  

NSF Publications Database

... generally accepted in the United States of America, Government Auditing Standards issued by the ... America, and the National Science Foundation Audit Guide (September 1996), as applicable. These ...

317

State and Local Government on the Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

State and Local Government on the Net is a listing of pointers to state, county, and city government pages. Sites included are those which meet the criteria of being produced and managed by state, county, or local agencies. Each state is divided into state, county and local sites when available. Links to Native American tribal sites, federal resources related to state and local governments, and national organizations serving state and local governments are also included. http://www.piperinfo.com/state/states.html

1999-01-01

318

California Report Card 2008: The State of the State's Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Report Card provides a clear, complete and concise picture of the state of the state's children along with recommendations for how we can better support our children through new and improved public policies. It assigns letter grades to such key indicators as health insurance, oral health, asthma, mental health, infant health,…

Children Now, 2008

2008-01-01

319

State Of Florida Bureau of State Approving For Veterans Training  

E-print Network

State Of Florida Bureau of State Approving For Veterans Training Kroger Center, Douglas Building, please also complete VA Form 22-1990 (Veteran) of VA Form 22-5490 (Dependent) and submit to the Department of Veterans Affairs. Date Signed Signature of Applicant (Do Not Print) Please return this form

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

320

Middle States Commission on Higher Middle States Team Visit  

E-print Network

Middle States Commission on Higher Education: Middle States Team Visit Presentation: April 4: Team Oral Summary of Self-Study #12;Challenges: Identification of Barriers · Mission: Meet context and educational effectiveness demonstrates that NJIT has in place the systems necessary to ensure

Bieber, Michael

321

OR State Profile. Oregon: Oregon State Assessment System (OSAS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides information about Oregon State Assessment System. Its purpose is to assess proficiency in the Essential Skills for the purpose of earning a regular or modified high school diploma. Oregon Assessment of Knowledge and Skills is also used for federal accountability purposes under No Child Left Behind. [For the main report, "State

Center on Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

322

The State of the World's Children 2002 THE STATE OF  

E-print Network

The State of the World's Children 2002 LEADERSHIP #12;THE STATE OF THE WORLD'S CHILDREN 2002 #12;The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) © Permission to reproduce any part of this publication of the world's children 2002 UNICEF, UNICEF House, 3 UN Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA. E-mail: pubdoc

de Groen, Pieter

323

State Higher Education Budgeting Mechanisms in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

(Purpose) The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between certain characteristics of US states and their budgeting systems for higher education (HE), and to derive implications for Japanese HE budgeting policy from the results. (Methodology) The US's State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO) conducted a 30-item…

Mizuta, Kensuke; Yoshida, Kana; Yanagiura, Takeshi

2010-01-01

324

STATE ESTIMATION OF LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH STATE EQUALITY CONSTRAINTS  

E-print Network

history (Bryson and Ho, 1975) and have focused on full state feedback systems. The constraints can otherwise be violated by the controlled system. Forbidden, as opposed to undesirable, state motions may 1 al., 2002), robotic systems for multi-sensor data fusion (Wen and Durrant- Whyte, 1992) and locating

Bitmead, Bob

325

State Estimation for Linear Systems with State Equality Constraints  

E-print Network

, particularly optimal control, have a long history (Bryson and Ho, 1975) and have focused on full state feedback to undesirable, state motions may be incorporated into system descriptions through descriptor system to Automatica 26 January 2005 #12;for constraining the unit norm of quaternion, robotic systems for multi-sensor

Bitmead, Bob

326

State of Disparities in Cardiovascular Health in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Reducing health disparities remains a major public health challenge in the United States. Having timely access to current data on disparities is important for policy and program development. Accordingly, we assessed the current magnitude of disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors in the United States. Methods and Results—Using national surveys, we determined CVD and risk factor prevalence

George A. Mensah; Ali H. Mokdad; Earl S. Ford; Kurt J. Greenlund; Janet B. Croft

327

Do state and local taxes affect relative state growth?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The South has seen a remarkable economic rise during the past three decades. Was this growth a result of automatic forces or was it fueled by state and local tax policies? Traditional economic theory suggests that forces of convergence, not tax policies, have moved the southern states toward catching up with the rest of the nation. But more recent economic

Zsolt Becsi

1996-01-01

328

OREGON STATE POLICE / DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY Oregon State University  

E-print Network

OREGON STATE POLICE / DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY Oregon State University SECURITY ALERT safety and/or the protection of property. Please read the following information carefully. This will help with swimming pools/swimming area. No internet; GPS tracking; must register as a sex offender. Report any

Escher, Christine

329

Science and Engineering State Profiles: Fall 1997  

NSF Publications Database

... and Engineering State Profiles: 1997 Hypertext Format Science and Engineering State Profiles ... Format (.pdf) Science and Engineering State Profiles This report is available in hypertext (.htm ...

330

In-state versus out-of-state students: the divergence of interest between public universities and state governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the divergence of interest between universities and state governments concerning standards for admitting in-state versus out-of-state students. We find that public universities set lower minimum admission standards for in-state than out-of-state applicants, presumably in response to state pressure, while private universities treat both groups equally. However, we also find that favoring in-state applicants goes against states' long-term

Jeffrey A. Groen; Michelle J. White

2004-01-01

331

Washington State 1995 Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended to present, in tables and graphs, a diversity of information on Washington State, its people, economy, and government. The information was obtained from state and federal agencies and from private businesses. The data are organized into 11 major chapters which cover the following topics (sample subtopics in parentheses):…

Washington State Office of Financial Management, Olympia.

332

Introduction A State of Violence  

E-print Network

. Everyone knows the cult of violence in American movie-making; if we are going to talk about transgression for gold and diamonds, and after Union in 1910, massive violence against black South Africans as part, of torture, of deaths in prison: all these were part of the South African `state', its `state of violence

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

333

Guaranteed state estimation by zonotopes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new approach to guaranteed state estimation for non-linear discrete-time systems with a bounded description of noise and parameters. The main result is an algorithm to compute a set that contains the states consistent with the measured output and the given noise and parameters. This set is represented by a zonotope. The size of the zonotope is

T. Alamo; J. M. Bravo; Eduardo F. Camacho

2005-01-01

334

Washington State K8 Mathematics  

E-print Network

of Public Instruction #12;April 2008 Kindergarten Washington State K­12 Mathematics Standards 1 Kindergarten for kindergartners. The choice of 31 corresponds to the common use of calendar activities in kindergarten. K.1.C. S #12;Kindergarten April 2008 2 Washington State K­12 Mathematics Standards Performance Expectations

Wilson, W. Stephen

335

State Licensing of Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About 25 health professions and occupations are licensed by one or more states according to the survey of state licensing provisions by the National Center for Health Statistics. Data is presented in 22 chapters on the licensure of administrators, chiropractors, clinical laboratory personnel, dental hygienists, dentists, professional engineers,…

National Center for Health Statistics (DHEW/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

336

Landforms of the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of general interest publications on science topics, the booklet provides those interested in landforms of the United States with a nontechnical introduction to the subject. Separate sections examine deposital versus erosional landforms in the central stable region of the United States, the Appalachian Highlands, the Ozark Region,…

Geological Survey (Dept. of Interior), Reston, VA.

337

Solid State Physics: An Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

There's a wealth of excellent textbooks on solid state physics. The author of the present book is well aware of this fact and does not attempt to write just another one. Rather, he has provided a very compact introduction to solid state physics for third-year students. As we are faced with the continuous appearance interdisciplinary fields and associated study curricula

Bernhard Jakoby

2009-01-01

338

Coherent States from Combinatorial Sequences  

E-print Network

We construct coherent states using sequences of combinatorial numbers such as various binomial and trinomial numbers, and Bell and Catalan numbers. We show that these states satisfy the condition of the resolution of unity in a natural way. In each case the positive weight functions are given as solutions of associated Stieltjes or Hausdorff moment problems, where the moments are the combinatorial numbers.

Penson, K A; Penson, Karol A.; Solomon, Allan I

2001-01-01

339

Coherent States from Combinatorial Sequences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We construct coherent states using sequences of combinatorial numbers such as various binomial and trinomial numbers, and Bell and Catalan numbers. We show that these states satisfy the condition of the resolution of unity in a natural way. In each case the positive weight functions are given as solutions of associated Stieltjes or Hausdorff moment problems, where the moments are the combinatorial numbers.

Penson, K. A.; Solomon, A. I.

2002-06-01

340

Coherent States from Combinatorial Sequences  

E-print Network

We construct coherent states using sequences of combinatorial numbers such as various binomial and trinomial numbers, and Bell and Catalan numbers. We show that these states satisfy the condition of the resolution of unity in a natural way. In each case the positive weight functions are given as solutions of associated Stieltjes or Hausdorff moment problems, where the moments are the combinatorial numbers.

Karol A. Penson; Allan I Solomon

2001-11-28

341

State Governance Action Report, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the State Governance Action Report for 2007. Compiled in this report are state policy developments, including legislation, commissions, and studies, affecting the structure, responsibilities, and operations of public higher education governing boards and institutionally related foundations. Governance and governance-related…

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2007

2007-01-01

342

Semiconductor Detectors (Solid State Detectors)  

E-print Network

Semiconductor Detectors (Solid State Detectors) energy, position particles & photons energy loss conversion electron-hole pairs energetic "cheap" improved resolution #12;Semiconductor Detectors (Solid State electrons holes ni = Nc Nv exp -Eg 2kT = AT 3/ 2 exp -Eg 2kT #12;Semiconductor Detectors how

Peletier, Reynier

343

Interference Channel with State Information  

E-print Network

. . . . . . 21 1. Scheme without Active Interference Cancellation . . . 21 2. Scheme with Active Interference Cancellation . . . . . 24 D. The Mixed Gaussian IC with State Information . . . . . . 26 1. Scheme without Active Interference Cancellation . . . 26... 2. Scheme with Active Interference Cancellation . . . . . 29 3. A Special Case – Degraded Gaussian IC . . . . . . . . 31 E. The Weak Gaussian IC with State Information . . . . . . . 31 1. Scheme without Active Interference Cancellation . . . 31 2...

Zhang, Lili

2012-10-19

344

1997 State Government Tax Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau has released the statistics on tax collections by the 50 state governments. The largest source of revenue for the state governments is the sales tax, which accounts for one-third of total tax revenue. The statistics may be downloaded as a text or Excel file.

1997-01-01

345

DESIGN VERIFICATION WITH STATE INVARIANTS  

E-print Network

substates of Working the chart is. The transition on event warm broadcasts event soundOn. The transition to Working sets Picture and Sound to the default initial states WarmingUp and Waiting and sets lev to 5 by Kevin Lano Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Inc PREPRINT #12;4 STATE INVARIANTS Working | in

Sekerinski, Emil

346

Latino College Completion: United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

347

The united states of america  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper highlights the major programs targeting military veterans and their dependants, and the survivors of deceased military service personnel and veterans in the United States. It identifies as a major area of concern in the 1990s and beyond the treatment of AIDS. It concludes that the United States offers a comprehensive system of social welfare services to these target

Kyle L. Pehrson; William G. Black

1994-01-01

348

Children in the States, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report from the Children's Defense Fund lists statistics on child and youth well-being for each of the states and the United States as a whole. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) children participating in federally subsidized programs (including Title 1 Education for the Disadvantaged, bilingual education programs,…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

349

WASHINGTON STATE , lJNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

WASHINGTON STATE , lJNIVERSITY August 23, 2013 Office of the Provost TO: Executive Officers the faculty awards program for academic year 2013-14. Washington State University has more than 2,000 highly reflects our superb faculty and their exemplal)' efforts. In establishing university awards, Washington

Collins, Gary S.

350

Anxiety: States, Traits--Situations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the utility of situational assessments of trait anxiety in predicting state anxiety reactions. Results indicated that the STAI-A-Trait and the S-R GTA Evaluation measures correlated significantly higher with each other than either did with the S-R GTA Physical Danger measure. Both stresses produced significant increases in state

Kendall, Philip C.

1978-01-01

351

Additional Information Cal State Fullerton  

E-print Network

Can Be Stressful. Most college students experience anxiety as a result of five types of collegeAdditional Information Cal State Fullerton Dean of Students Leading Can Be Stressful Practical hints with coping stress California State University, Fullerton Dean of Students Office Titan Student

de Lijser, Peter

352

State Emergence in Early China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questions relating to state emergence in China are often intertwined with the origins of early dynasties. This subject involves many disciplines, including archaeology, history, and anthropology, and scholars from these fields often employ different definitions for states\\/civilization, use various approaches, and address diverse issues. This article intends to provide an overview of major archaeological findings, approaches, interpretations, and debates on

Li Liu

2009-01-01

353

Reference Service to State Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

The New York State Library has a mission to provide reference, information and loan service to the legislative, judicial, and executive branches of the state government. The special nature of government information needs imposes extraordinary requirements on the library's information services. This paper describes the programs the library has developed in response to its users' information needs.

Mary Redmond; Lee Stanton

1988-01-01

354

Entertainment, Poverty, and State Lotteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

State-sponsored lotteries are a lucrative source of revenue. Despite their low payout rates, lotteries are extremely popular, particularly among low-income citizens. State officials laud the benefits of lottery proceeds and promote the fun and excitement of participation. This entertainment value is one explanation for lottery demand by the poor: individuals with lower incomes substitute lottery play for other entertainment. Alternatively,

Garrick Blalock; David R. Just; Daniel H. Simon

2007-01-01

355

DEGREE WORKSHEET TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

DEGREE WORKSHEET TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Bachelor of Fine Arts: Studio Art - 2012-2013 LIBERAL on this worksheet, with the following exception: a course used to fulfill any requirement in a student's degree. #12;DEGREE WORKSHEET TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Major Requirements Seminar Requirements - 2 credit hours

Gering, Jon C.

356

Energy Matters in Washington State  

E-print Network

Energy Matters in Washington State Energy Matters in Washington State www.energy.wsu.edu/library/ November 2009 #12;905 Plum Street SE, Building 3 P.O. Box 43169 Olympia, Washington 98504-3169 Energy University Extension Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, Building 3, P.O. Box 43169, Olympia, Washington

Collins, Gary S.

357

Recent Church-State Litigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a brief synopsis of the 1974 legal activity centering on the church-state relationship, the speaker examines three particular cases: the United States Supreme Court decision in Wheeler v. Barrera, a Missouri district court decision in Luetkemeyer v. Kaufmann, and the Supreme Court decision in Franchise Tax Board of California v. United…

Bryson, Joseph E.

358

Automatic classification of cognitive states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging has established itself as the most powerful technique available today to measure brain activity induced by a perceptual or cognitive state. The inverse problem is considered in this study; given the measured brain activity, our goal is to predict the perceptual state. Machine Learning algorithms were used to address this problem in this work. Multi-subject fMRI

Carlos Cabral; Margarida Silveira; Patricia Figueiredo

2011-01-01

359

Portland State University Identity Standards  

E-print Network

for learning, service, research, and achievement. What arE portland statE UnivErsity's UniqUE attribUtEs? Urban and classroom projects with community partners. The University's 49-acre downtown campus exhibits Portland State "green." Diverse. Attracts creative and motivated students and faculty who teach and learn in a diverse

Bertini, Robert L.

360

New states above charm threshold  

SciTech Connect

We revise and extend expectations for the properties of charmonium states that lie above charm threshold, in light of new experimental information. We refine the Cornell coupled-channel model for the coupling of c{bar c} levels to two-meson states, defining resonance masses and widths by pole positions in the complex energy plane, and suggest new targets for experiment.

Eichten, Estia J.; /Fermilab; Lane, Kenneth; /Boston U.; Quigg, Chris; /Fermilab

2005-11-01

361

Keynes and the Welfare State  

Microsoft Academic Search

Keynes's role in the foundation of the Welfare State has not been investigated in detail. The aim of this paper is to propose some further thoughts on the matter, focusing on two aspects in particular. The first is an assessment of Keynes's views vis-à-vis what we now understand by the Welfare State, the second a comparison between these views and

Maria Cristina Marcuzzo

362

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES  

E-print Network

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES The intent of these policies is to provide Truman State University students, faculty and staff with maximum opportunity and space to advertise approved or other methods of advertising. Anything publicized on the University campus by a student organization

Gering, Jon C.

363

OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL  

E-print Network

OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL REQUEST TO DETERMINE ELIGIBILITY OF TRANSFER CREDITS FROM earned Gr. = course grade El. = Eligible to be used on a graduate program of study (Graduate School Typed Name Signature Date APPROVED - Graduate School Signature Date #12;GRADUATE SCHOOL OREGON STATE

Escher, Christine

364

Colorado State University Department Head  

E-print Network

in Civil and Environmental Engineering; and · Strong verbal and written communication skillsColorado State University Department Head Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in the College of Engineering at Colorado State University

365

State and Local Revenue Potential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the results of an extensive study into State and local tax revenue potentials for the 15 Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) States. It identifies both the degree of current use and the potential for increased use of (1) general and selective sales and gross receipts taxes, (2) death and gift taxes, (3) property taxes,…

Quindry, Kenneth E.

366

State Application Identifier Applicant Identifier  

E-print Network

to criminal, civil, or administrative penalties. (U.S. Code, Title 18, Section 1001) 19. Authorized? TITLE: 11. * DESCRIPTIVE TITLE OF APPLICANT'S PROJECT: 12. * AREAS AFFECTED BY PROJECT (cities, counties. DATE RECEIVED BY STATE APPLICATION FOR FEDERAL ASSISTANCE SF 424 (R&R) County: * State: County: OMB

Kaminsky, Werner

367

Illinois State Scholarship Commission Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Illinois State Scholarship Commission (ISSC) is responsible for the administration of 9 state authorized and funded financial aid programs for Illinois postsecondary students. The major programs consist of: (1) nonrepayable monetary awards, and (2) guaranteed educational loans. The purposes of the Commission's programs are to: (1) equalize…

Illinois State Scholarship Commission, Deerfield.

368

Standards Draw Heat in States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opponents of the Common Core State Standards are ramping up legislative pressure and public relations efforts aimed at getting states to scale back--or even abandon--the high-profile initiative, even as implementation proceeds and tests aligned with the standards loom. Critics of the common core have focused recent lobbying and media efforts on…

Ujifusa, Andrew

2013-01-01

369

Climates of the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to provide basic information about the climates of the United States and the causes of these climates. Events of interest in the climatological history of the United States are described and illustrated by many maps, charts and diagrams. The booklet has three major parts. Part I discusses climate and climate control in…

Baldwin, John L.

370

The Journey for Jackson State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article profiles Jackson State University, a historically Black school of more than 8,000 students located at the southern end of Jackson, Mississippi's majority-Black capital city. Founded in 1877, Jackson State has emerged as one of Mississippi's leading research institutions as well as one of the top HBCUs in the country for research. Its…

Roach, Ronald

2007-01-01

371

Cluster states in 11B  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The differential cross-sections of the elastic and inelastic 11B + ? scattering was measured at E(?) = 65 MeV. The analysis of the data by Modified diffraction model (MDM) showed that the RMS radii of the 11B state 3/2-, E* = 8.56 MeV is ~ 0.6 fm larger than that of the ground state. The 12.56 MeV state was not observed contrary to the predictions of the ?-condensate model. The 13.1 MeV state was excited with the angular momentum transfer L = 4 confirming its belonging to the rotational band with the 8.56 MeV state as a head.

Danilov, A. N.; Demyanova, A. S.; Ogloblin, A. A.; Dmitriev, S. V.; Belyaeva, T. L.; Goncharov, S. A.; Gurov, Yu. B.; Maslov, V. A.; Sobolev, Yu. G.; Trzaska, W.; Khlebnikov, S. V.; Burtebaev, N.; Zholdybayev, T.; Saduyev, N.; Heikkinen, P.; Julin, R.; Tyurin, G. P.

2014-03-01

372

Correlated valence-bond states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study generalizations of the singlet-sector amplitude-product (AP) states in the valence-bond basis of S=1/2 quantum spin systems. In the standard AP states, the weight of a tiling of the system into valence bonds (singlets of two spins) is a product of amplitudes depending on the length of the bonds. We here introduce correlated AP (CAP) states, in which the AP is further multiplied by factors depending on two bonds connected to a pair of sites (here nearest neighbors). While the standard AP states can describe a phase transition between an antiferromagnetic (Néel) state and a valence-bond solid (VBS) in one dimension (which we also study here), in two dimensions it cannot describe VBS order. With the CAP states, Néel-VBS transitions are realized as a function of some parameter describing the bond correlations. We here study such phase transitions of CAP wave functions on the square lattice. We find examples of direct first-order Néel-VBS transitions, as well as cases where there is an extended U(1) spin liquid phase intervening between the Néel and VBS states. In the latter case the transitions are continuous and we extract critical exponents and address the issue of a possible emergent U(1) symmetry in the near-critical VBS. We also consider variationally optimized CAP states for the standard Heisenberg model in one and two dimensions and the J-Q model in two dimensions, with the latter including four-spin interactions (Q) in addition to the Heisenberg exchange (J) and harboring VBS order for large Q/J. The optimized CAP states lead to significantly lower variational energies than the simple AP states for these models.

Lin, Yu-Cheng; Tang, Ying; Lou, Jie; Sandvik, Anders W.

2012-10-01

373

State-to-state dynamics of molecular energy transfer  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this research program is to elucidate the elementary dynamical mechanisms of vibrational and rotational energy transfer between molecules, at a quantum-state resolved level of detail. Molecular beam techniques are used to isolate individual molecular collisions, and to control the kinetic energy of collision. Lasers are used both to prepare specific quantum states prior to collision by stimulated-emission pumping (SEP), and to measure the distribution of quantum states in the collision products by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). The results are interpreted in terms of dynamical models, which may be cast in a classical, semiclassical or quantum mechanical framework, as appropriate.

Gentry, W.R.; Giese, C.F. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)

1993-12-01

374

77 FR 48591 - State Rail Plan Guidance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FRA-2012-0066] State Rail Plan Guidance AGENCY: Federal Railroad...Request for Public Comment on Proposed State Rail Plan Guidance...submission, and acceptance of State rail plans. State rail plans are...

2012-08-14

375

Administration of State Universities State Board of Education  

E-print Network

General KATHERINE HARRIS Secretary of State TOMGALLAGHER Commissioner of Education ELIZABETHG.LINDSAY Sarasota Operations BARBARAC.CORDELL Central Services WAYNE A. SPANTON ComparativeBiomedicine ROBERT W. ENGELMAN

Lajeunesse, Marc J.

376

Product-state approximations to quantum ground states  

E-print Network

The local Hamiltonian problem consists of estimating the ground-state energy (given by the minimum eigenvalue) of a local quantum Hamiltonian. It can be considered as a quantum generalization of constraint satisfaction ...

Brandao, Fernando G.S.L.

377

Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the development of new techniques and further increase of magnetic field strength available for commercial applications, solid-state NMR spectroscopy became a routine method for the characterization of zeolites. As an important advantage, solid-state NMR spectroscopy allows the investigation of the local structure of nuclei in the solids under study. The specific behavior of zeolites often depends on local effects, such as framework defects, the substitution of framework atoms, guest compounds etc. Therefore, solid-state NMR spectroscopy is a widely applied analytical method for delivering structure data, which are complementary to those of diffraction methods suitable for investigating the long-range order. While early solid-state NMR spectroscopic studies often focused on the characterization of the zeolite framework in the as-synthesized and hydrated state, an increasing number of recent works is dealing with the investigation of the framework of dehydrated and calcined zeolites and of surface sites, i.e., on the determination of their concentration, strength, and accessibility. In all these applications, the advantage of solid-state NMR spectroscopy to be a quantitative method is utilized. The present chapter demonstrates the fundamentals, various techniques, and most important applications of solid-state NMR spectroscopy making this method to an important tool of research in zeolite science.

Hunger, Michael

378

Tensor network states and geometry  

E-print Network

Tensor network states are used to approximate ground states of local Hamiltonians on a lattice in D spatial dimensions. Different types of tensor network states can be seen to generate different geometries. Matrix product states (MPS) in D=1 dimensions, as well as projected entangled pair states (PEPS) in D>1 dimensions, reproduce the D-dimensional physical geometry of the lattice model; in contrast, the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) generates a (D+1)-dimensional holographic geometry. Here we focus on homogeneous tensor networks, where all the tensors in the network are copies of the same tensor, and argue that certain structural properties of the resulting many-body states are preconditioned by the geometry of the tensor network and are therefore largely independent of the choice of variational parameters. Indeed, the asymptotic decay of correlations in homogeneous MPS and MERA for D=1 systems is seen to be determined by the structure of geodesics in the physical and holographic geometries, respectively; whereas the asymptotic scaling of entanglement entropy is seen to always obey a simple boundary law -- that is, again in the relevant geometry. This geometrical interpretation offers a simple and unifying framework to understand the structural properties of, and helps clarify the relation between, different tensor network states. In addition, it has recently motivated the branching MERA, a generalization of the MERA capable of reproducing violations of the entropic boundary law in D>1 dimensions.

G. Evenbly; G. Vidal

2011-06-06

379

Pointer States via Engineered Dissipation  

E-print Network

Pointer states are long-lasting high-fidelity states in open quantum systems. We show how any pure state in a non-Markovian open quantum system can be made to behave as a pointer state by suitably engineering the coupling to the environment via open-loop periodic control. Engineered pointer states are constructed as approximate fixed points of the controlled open-system dynamics, in such a way that they are guaranteed to survive over a long time with a fidelity determined by the relative precision with which the dynamics is engineered. We provide quantitative minimum-fidelity bounds by identifying symmetry and ergodicity conditions that the decoherence-inducing perturbation must obey in the presence of control, and develop explicit pulse sequences for engineering any desired set of orthogonal states as pointer states. These general control protocols are validated through exact numerical simulations as well as semi-classical approximations in realistic single and two qubit dissipative systems. We also examine ...

Khodjasteh, Kaveh; Viola, Lorenza

2011-01-01

380

Perfect State Transfer on a Spin Chain without State Initialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate that perfect state transfer can be achieved using an\\u000aengineered spin chain and clean local end-chain operations, without requiring\\u000athe initialization of the state of the medium nor fine tuning of\\u000acontrol-pulses. This considerably relaxes the prerequisites for obtaining\\u000areliable transfer of quantum information across interacting-spin systems.\\u000aMoreover, it allows us to shed light on the interplay among

C. Di Franco; M. Paternostro; M. S. Kim

2008-01-01

381

Perfect State Transfer on a Spin Chain without State Initialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate that perfect state transfer can be achieved using an engineered spin chain and clean local end-chain operations, without requiring the initialization of the state of the medium nor fine-tuning of control pulses. This considerably relaxes the prerequisites for obtaining reliable transfer of quantum information across interacting-spin systems. Moreover, it allows us to shed light on the interplay among

C. di Franco; M. Paternostro; M. S. Kim

2008-01-01

382

Production of light stringy states  

E-print Network

We discuss the direct production of light stringy states. Those states correspond to the lightest stringy excitations localized at the intersection of two D-brane stacks and their mass can be parametrically smaller than the string scale. Thus in a low string scale scenario one may observe stringy signatures at LHC even in the absence of the usual string resonances. We compute the tree level string scattering amplitude involving two gauge bosons and two such light stringy states. We give the squared amplitude summed over all polarization and gauge configuration and eventually apply the result to the quark sector of a D-brane realization of the Standard Model.

Pascal Anastasopoulos; Robert Richter

2014-08-20

383

State determination in continuous measurement  

E-print Network

The possibility of determining the state of a quantum system after a continuous measurement of position is discussed in the framework of quantum trajectory theory. Initial lack of knowledge of the system and external noises are accounted for by considering the evolution of conditioned density matrices under a stochastic master equation. It is shown that after a finite time the state of the system is a pure state and can be inferred from the measurement record alone. The relation to emerging possibilities for the continuous experimental observation of single quanta, as for example in cavity quantum electrodynamics, is discussed.

A. C. Doherty; S. M. Tan; A. S. Parkins; D. F. Walls

1999-03-09

384

Arkansas Digital State Publications Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The state of Arkansas publishes hundreds of official newsletters, technical reports, and advisory documents each year. This archive contains over 6,100 of these documents, including the "2005 Arkansas Youth Tobacco Survey" and the "Spring 2001 Arkansas Wild Turkey Harvest Report." First-time visitors can look over the scrolling list of available documents here to get a feel for these materials. The site offers a great trove for those with an interest in public policy matters throughout the state and for students of state governance it is truly invaluable.

385

Black Hole Bound State Metamorphosis  

E-print Network

N=4 supersymmetric string theories contain negative discriminant states whose numbers are known precisely from microscopic counting formulae. On the macroscopic side, these results can be reproduced by regarding these states as multi-centered black hole configurations provided we make certain identification of apparently distinct multi-centered black hole configurations according to a precise set of rules. In this paper we provide a physical explanation of such identifications, thereby establishing that multi-centered black hole configurations reproduce correctly the microscopic results for the number of negative discriminant states without any ad hoc assumption.

Abhishek Chowdhury; Shailesh Lal; Arunabha Saha; Ashoke Sen

2012-10-16

386

Black Hole Bound State Metamorphosis  

E-print Network

N=4 supersymmetric string theories contain negative discriminant states whose numbers are known precisely from microscopic counting formulae. On the macroscopic side, these results can be reproduced by regarding these states as multi-centered black hole configurations provided we make certain identification of apparently distinct multi-centered black hole configurations according to a precise set of rules. In this paper we provide a physical explanation of such identifications, thereby establishing that multi-centered black hole configurations reproduce correctly the microscopic results for the number of negative discriminant states without any ad hoc assumption.

Chowdhury, Abhishek; Saha, Arunabha; Sen, Ashoke

2012-01-01

387

Magnetic Edge States in Graphene  

E-print Network

Magnetic confinement in graphene has been of recent and growing interest because its potential applications in nanotechnology. In particular, the observation of the so called magnetic edge states in graphene has opened the possibility to deepen into the generation of spin currents and its applications in spintronics. We study the magnetic edge states of quasi-particles arising in graphene monolayers due to an inhomogeneous magnetic field of a magnetic barrier in the formalism of the two-dimensional massless Dirac equation. We also show how the solutions of such states in each of both triangular sublattices of the graphene are related through a supersymmetric transformation in the quantum mechanical sense.

Gabriela Murguia

2010-08-29

388

Chimera states in heterogeneous networks  

E-print Network

Chimera states in networks of coupled oscillators occur when some fraction of the oscillators synchronise with one another, while the remaining oscillators are incoherent. Several groups have studied chimerae in networks of identical oscillators, but here we study these states in a heterogeneous model for which the natural frequencies of the oscillators are chosen from a distribution. We obtain exact results by reduction to a finite set of differential equations. We find that heterogeneity can destroy chimerae, destroy all states except chimerae, or destabilise chimerae in Hopf bifurcations, depending on the form of the heterogeneity.

Carlo R. Laing

2008-09-23

389

Negativity of random pure states  

SciTech Connect

This paper deals with the entanglement, as quantified by the negativity, of pure quantum states chosen at random from the invariant Haar measure. We show that it is a constant (0.72037) multiple of the maximum possible entanglement. In line with the results based on the concentration of measure, we find evidence that the convergence to the final value is exponentially fast. We compare the analytically calculated mean and standard deviation with those calculated numerically for pure states generated via pseudorandom unitary matrices proposed by Emerson et al. [Science 302, 2098 (2003)]. Finally, we draw some conclusions about the geometry of quantum states based on our result.

Datta, Animesh [Institute for Mathematical Sciences, 53 Prince's Gate, Imperial College, London, SW7 2PG (United Kingdom); QOLS, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, SW7 2BW (United Kingdom)

2010-05-15

390

An Empirical State Error Covariance Matrix for Batch State Estimation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

State estimation techniques serve effectively to provide mean state estimates. However, the state error covariance matrices provided as part of these techniques suffer from some degree of lack of confidence in their ability to adequately describe the uncertainty in the estimated states. A specific problem with the traditional form of state error covariance matrices is that they represent only a mapping of the assumed observation error characteristics into the state space. Any errors that arise from other sources (environment modeling, precision, etc.) are not directly represented in a traditional, theoretical state error covariance matrix. Consider that an actual observation contains only measurement error and that an estimated observation contains all other errors, known and unknown. It then follows that a measurement residual (the difference between expected and observed measurements) contains all errors for that measurement. Therefore, a direct and appropriate inclusion of the actual measurement residuals in the state error covariance matrix will result in an empirical state error covariance matrix. This empirical state error covariance matrix will fully account for the error in the state estimate. By way of a literal reinterpretation of the equations involved in the weighted least squares estimation algorithm, it is possible to arrive at an appropriate, and formally correct, empirical state error covariance matrix. The first specific step of the method is to use the average form of the weighted measurement residual variance performance index rather than its usual total weighted residual form. Next it is helpful to interpret the solution to the normal equations as the average of a collection of sample vectors drawn from a hypothetical parent population. From here, using a standard statistical analysis approach, it directly follows as to how to determine the standard empirical state error covariance matrix. This matrix will contain the total uncertainty in the state estimate, regardless as to the source of the uncertainty. Also, in its most straight forward form, the technique only requires supplemental calculations to be added to existing batch algorithms. The generation of this direct, empirical form of the state error covariance matrix is independent of the dimensionality of the observations. Mixed degrees of freedom for an observation set are allowed. As is the case with any simple, empirical sample variance problems, the presented approach offers an opportunity (at least in the case of weighted least squares) to investigate confidence interval estimates for the error covariance matrix elements. The diagonal or variance terms of the error covariance matrix have a particularly simple form to associate with either a multiple degree of freedom chi-square distribution (more approximate) or with a gamma distribution (less approximate). The off diagonal or covariance terms of the matrix are less clear in their statistical behavior. However, the off diagonal covariance matrix elements still lend themselves to standard confidence interval error analysis. The distributional forms associated with the off diagonal terms are more varied and, perhaps, more approximate than those associated with the diagonal terms. Using a simple weighted least squares sample problem, results obtained through use of the proposed technique are presented. The example consists of a simple, two observer, triangulation problem with range only measurements. Variations of this problem reflect an ideal case (perfect knowledge of the range errors) and a mismodeled case (incorrect knowledge of the range errors).

Frisbee, Joseph H., Jr.

2011-01-01

391

33 CFR 148.217 - How can a State be designated as an adjacent coastal State?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... How can a State be designated as an adjacent coastal State? 148.217 Section 148.217 Navigation... How can a State be designated as an adjacent coastal State? (a) Adjacent coastal States are named in the notice of...

2010-07-01

392

Optimal preparation of graph states  

SciTech Connect

We show how to prepare any graph state of up to 12 qubits with (a) the minimum number of controlled-Z gates and (b) the minimum preparation depth. We assume only one-qubit and controlled-Z gates. The method exploits the fact that any graph state belongs to an equivalence class under local Clifford operations. We extend up to 12 qubits the classification of graph states according to their entanglement properties, and identify each class using only a reduced set of invariants. For any state, we provide a circuit with both properties (a) and (b), if it does exist, or, if it does not, one circuit with property (a) and one with property (b), including the explicit one-qubit gates needed.

Cabello, Adan; Lopez-Tarrida, Antonio J. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada II, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41012 Sevilla (Spain); Danielsen, Lars Eirik [Department of Informatics, University of Bergen, P.O. Box 7803, Bergen N-5020 (Norway); Portillo, Jose R. [Departamento de Matematica Aplicada I, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41012 Sevilla (Spain)

2011-04-15

393

State of the Air 2013  

MedlinePLUS

Home > 2013 > States > Map Report Card Widget Or Enter Your Zip Code: Map Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado ... on the latest healthy air news and releases. ©2013 American Lung Association | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy ...

394

-Truman State University Property Control  

E-print Network

-Truman State University Property Control Revised February 2008 AND PROCEDURES Business Office Responsibility The Business Office Inventory Control area is charged with identifying the capital assets to be tagged, assigning an inventory control number, affixing an inventory

Gering, Jon C.

395

Training brain networks and states.  

PubMed

Brain training refers to practices that alter the brain in a way that improves cognition, and performance in domains beyond those involved in the training. We argue that brain training includes network training through repetitive practice that exercises specific brain networks and state training, which changes the brain state in a way that influences many networks. This opinion article considers two widely used methods - working memory training (WMT) and meditation training (MT) - to demonstrate the similarities and differences between network and state training. These two forms of training involve different areas of the brain and different forms of generalization. We propose a distinction between network and state training methods to improve understanding of the most effective brain training. PMID:24816329

Tang, Yi-Yuan; Posner, Michael I

2014-07-01

396

Students Learn Their State's Geography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a school project in which children learn about their state's geography by visiting Virginia's historical sites. The project's culminating activity was an individual presentation by each student about the history of the area they visited. (BSR)

Hamilton, William W.

1988-01-01

397

EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION Montana State University  

E-print Network

EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION Montana State University Central Agricultural Research Center 52583 US employed by any other department on campus? Yes No If so, which department? LOCAL ADDRESS;EMPLOYMENT HISTORY (begin with most recent) Employer: Employer: Supervisor: Supervisor: Address: Address

Maxwell, Bruce D.

398

Sequence-invariant state machines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A synthesis method and an MOS VLSI architecture are presented to realize sequential circuits that have the ability to implement any state machine having N states and m inputs, regardless of the actual sequence specified in the flow table. The design method utilizes binary tree structured (BTS) logic to implement regular and dense circuits. The desired state sequence can be hardwired with power supply connections or can be dynamically reallocated if stored in a register. This allows programmable VLSI controllers to be designed with a compact size and performance approaching that of dedicated logic. Results of ICV implementations are reported and an example sequence-invariant state machine is contrasted with implementations based on traditional methods.

Whitaker, Sterling R.; Manjunath, Shamanna K.; Maki, Gary K.

1991-01-01

399

INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK Montana State University  

E-print Network

INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK Montana State University Counseling Program 2014-2015 #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS..........................................................................................................................................4 INTERNSHIP ASSIGNMENT TO YOUR PLACEMENT SITES........................................................................................5 APPLICATION TO INTERNSHIP SITES INTERNSHIP AT PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION

Dyer, Bill

400

State of the Lab 2012  

ScienceCinema

Ames Laboratory Director Alex King delivers the annual State of the Lab address on Thursday, May 17, 2012, the 65th Anniversary of the founding of The Ames Laboratory. This video contains highlights from the address.

King, Alex

2013-03-01

401

Total Energy Production State Rankings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ranks all 50 states in total energy production. Includes links to tables which rank production of crude oil, natural gas, coal, and electricity; crude oil emissions; total energy consumption; and energy prices.

Administration, Energy I.

402

Intramural Sports represented at state  

E-print Network

Association Palmetto Cup, the state flag football tournament, held Oct. 12-14. The tournament features-in-Pink Powder Puff Tournament teams competed against the top-ranked University of Florida and Clemson University

Almor, Amit

403

California State Board of Pharmacy  

E-print Network

California State Board of Pharmacy 1625 N. Market Blvd. Suite N-219 Sacramento, CA 95834 www.pharmacy with a measuring device, ask for one at the pharmacy. Some of the most common measuring devices include: dosing cup

404

State Support of Domestic Production  

SciTech Connect

This project was developed in response to a cooperative agreement offering by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the State Support of Domestic Production DE-FC26-04NT15456. The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) performed efforts in support of State programs related to the security, reliability and growth if our nation's domestic production of oil and natural gas. The project objectives were to improve the States ability to monitor the security of oil and gas operations; to maximize the production of domestic oil and natural gas thereby minimizing the threat to national security posed by interruptions in energy imports; to assist States in developing and maintaining high standards of environmental protection; to assist in addressing issues that limit the capacity of the industry; to promote the deployment of the appropriate application of technology for regulatory efficiency; and to inform the public about emerging energy issues.

Amy Wright

2007-12-30

405

Optimal preparation of graph states  

E-print Network

We show how to prepare any graph state of up to 12 qubits with: (a) the minimum number of controlled-Z gates, and (b) the minimum preparation depth. We assume only one-qubit and controlled-Z gates. The method exploits the fact that any graph state belongs to an equivalence class under local Clifford operations. We extend up to 12 qubits the classification of graph states according to their entanglement properties, and identify each class using only a reduced set of invariants. For any state, we provide a circuit with both properties (a) and (b), if it does exist, or, if it does not, one circuit with property (a) and one with property (b), including the explicit one-qubit gates needed.

Adan Cabello; Lars Eirik Danielsen; Antonio J. Lopez-Tarrida; Jose R. Portillo

2010-11-24

406

A Stateful Web Augmentation Toolkit  

E-print Network

This thesis introduces the Stateful Web Augmentation Toolkit (SWAT), a toolkit that gives users control over the presentation and functionality of web content. SWAT extends Chickenfoot, a Firefox browser scripting environment ...

Webber, Matthew J. (Matthew James)

2010-01-01

407

Experiments with Unusual Oxidation States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four synthesis experiments, adapted for the general chemistry laboratory, in which compounds in unusual oxidation are prepared. The abnormal oxidation states involved in the synthesis products are: silver (II), chromium (II), lead (IV), and bromine (I). (MLH)

Kauffman, G. B.

1975-01-01

408

State Laws and Policies: PKU  

MedlinePLUS

... insurance. Not covered by HMO's. 5 Florida: The state provides a number of medical foods free of charge to all PKU patients regardless of age. 6 Hawaii: Disorders of amino acids, organic acids, carbohydrate and ...

409

Symmetric States in Quantum Geometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Symmetric states are defined in the kinematical sector of loop quantum\\u000agravity and applied to spherical symmetry and homogeneity. Consequences for the\\u000aphysics of black holes and cosmology are discussed.

M. Bojowaldand; H. A. Kastrup

2001-01-01

410

Truman State University International Student  

E-print Network

................................................................................................................4 Tips for Applying for a Student Visa college for you, please inform us of your intent to study at Truman. The Acceptance of Admission Offer1 Truman State University International Student Registration Guide Important Dates to Remember

Gering, Jon C.

411

State Application Identifier Applicant Identifier  

E-print Network

with 501C3 IRS Status (Other than Institution of Higher Education) National Institutes of Health 203 in Learning Potential for Language and Literacy Yes No USA: UNITED STATES CT: Connecticut M: Nonprofit

412

Washington State University GRADUATE SCHOOL  

E-print Network

Washington State University GRADUATE SCHOOL Policies and Procedures Manual 2009 (Minor Updates July............................................................................................................1 A. EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL ......................................................................................................................................6 B. ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL

Collins, Gary S.

413

Changing state structures: Outside in  

PubMed Central

In explaining the development of institutional structures within states, social science analysis has focused on autochthonous factors and paid less attention to the way in which external factors, especially purposive agent-directed as opposed to more general environmental factors, can influence domestic authority structures. For international relations scholarship, this lacunae is particularly troubling or perhaps, just weird. If the international system is anarchical, then political leaders can pursue any policy option. In some cases, the most attractive option would be conventional state to state interactions, diplomacy, or war. In other instances, however, changing the domestic authority structures of other states might be more appealing. In some cases, domestic authority structures have been influenced through bargaining, and in others through power. Power may reflect either explicit agent-oriented decisions or social processes that reflect the practices, values, and norms of more powerful entities. PMID:22198756

Krasner, Stephen D.

2011-01-01

414

Presidential State of Union Addresses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For Internauts interested in historical perspective, a selected archive of State of the Union messages of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, along with a complete archive of messages from 1913 is available at the Northwestern University Political Science site.

President., United S.

415

Final State Interactions in GENIE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Final state interactions (FSI) are an important part of all neutrino event generators because modern detectors are made of nuclei to maximize count rate. The incident neutrino will interact with one (or two) nucleons but the final state can be quite different because the hadrons will have further interactions in the residual nucleus. This has historically been one of the major differences between event generators. GENIE will now have 2 FSI codes which allow interesting comparisons for the first time.

Dytman, S. A.; Meyer, A. S.

2011-11-01

416

Quantum state of the multiverse  

SciTech Connect

A third quantization formalism is applied to a simplified multiverse scenario. A well-defined quantum state of the multiverse is obtained which agrees with standard boundary condition proposals. These states are found to be squeezed, and related to accelerating universes: they share similar properties to those obtained previously by Grishchuk and Siderov. We also comment on related works that have criticized the third quantization approach.

Robles-Perez, Salvador; Gonzalez-Diaz, Pedro F. [Colina de los Chopos, Centro de Fisica 'Miguel Catalan', Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain) and Estacion Ecologica de Biocosmologia, Pedro de Alvarado, 14, 06411 Medellin (Spain)

2010-04-15

417

Solid-state storage batteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigations were conducted to study the feasibility of a solid-state battery system for storage applications. During the development of various high energy density solid-state batteries we noted that the solid electrolyte material, LiI dispersed in large surface area Al2O3, has a high ionic conductivity at elevated temperatures, (for example 0.1O-1 cm-1 at 300° C) and is suitable for high-rate storage

C. C. Liang; A. V. Joshi; N. E. Hamilton

1978-01-01

418

APSRS state-base graphics  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The National Cartographic Information Center (NCIC) is the information branch of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Mapping Division. In order to organize and distribute information about U.S. aerial photography coverage and to help eliminate aerial mapping duplication by tracking individual aerial projects, NCIC developed the Aerial Photography Summary Record System (APSRS). APSRS's principal products are State-Base Graphics (SBG), graphic indexes that show the coverage of conventional aerial photography projects over each State.

U.S. Geological Survey

1981-01-01

419

Quantum state of the multiverse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A third quantization formalism is applied to a simplified multiverse scenario. A well-defined quantum state of the multiverse is obtained which agrees with standard boundary condition proposals. These states are found to be squeezed, and related to accelerating universes: they share similar properties to those obtained previously by Grishchuk and Siderov. We also comment on related works that have criticized the third quantization approach.

Robles-Pérez, Salvador; González-Díaz, Pedro F.

2010-04-01

420

Diffusion Processes and Coherent States  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is shown that stochastic processes of diffusion type possess, in all\\u000agenerality, a structure of uncertainty relations and of coherent and squeezed\\u000astates. This fact is used to obtain, via Nelson stochastic formulation of\\u000aquantum mechanics, the harmonic-oscillator coherent and squeezed states. The\\u000amethod allows to derive new minimum uncertainty states in time-dependent\\u000aoscillator potentials and for the Caldirola-Kanai

S. De Martino; S. De Siena; F. Illuminati; G. Vitiello

1994-01-01

421

Prooxidant states and tumor promotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is convincing evidence that cellular prooxidant states--that is, increased concentrations of active oxygen and organic peroxides and radicals--can promote initiated cells to neoplastic growth. Prooxidant states can be caused by different classes of agents, including hyperbaric oxygen, radiation, xenobiotic metabolites and Fenton-type reagents, modulators of the cytochrome P-450 electron-transport chain, peroxisome proliferators, inhibitors of the antioxidant defense, and membrane-active

P. Cerutti

1985-01-01

422

Solid State Photovoltaic Research Branch  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the progress of the Solid State Photovoltaic Research Branch of the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) from October 1, 1988, through September 30,l 1989. Six technical sections of the report cover these main areas of SERIs in-house research: Semiconductor Crystal Growth, Amorphous Silicon Research, Polycrystalline Thin Films, III-V High-Efficiency Photovoltaic Cells, Solid-State Theory, and Laser Raman and Luminescence Spectroscopy. Sections have been indexed separately for inclusion on the data base.

Not Available

1990-09-01

423

Energy Forms, States and Conversions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students participate in many demonstrations during the first day of this lesson to learn basic concepts related to the forms and states of energy. This knowledge is then applied the second day as students assess various everyday objects to determine what forms of energy are transformed to accomplish the object's intended task. Students use block diagrams to illustrate the form and state of energy flowing into and out of the process.

Office Of Educational Partnerships

424

All-solid-state batteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent work on rechargeable all-solid-state alkali-metal batteries is reviewed, and the results of a program to improve vehicle traction batteries, involving the fabrication and testing of all-solid-state cells using polymer-based electrolytes, are presented. It is shown that batteries of this type may be cost-effective, not only in vehicle traction applications, but also in smaller rechargeable power units and even as

A. Hooper; B. C. Tofield

1984-01-01

425

Mittag-Leffler coherent states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We create a family of boson coherent states using the functions of Mittag-Leffler (ML) Eicons/Journals/Common/alpha" ALT="alpha" ALIGN="MIDDLE"/>(z), (icons/Journals/Common/alpha" ALT="alpha" ALIGN="TOP"/>>0) and their generalizations Eicons/Journals/Common/alpha" ALT="alpha" ALIGN="TOP"/>,icons/Journals/Common/beta" ALT="beta" ALIGN="TOP"/>(z), (icons/Journals/Common/alpha" ALT="alpha" ALIGN="TOP"/>,icons/Journals/Common/beta" ALT="beta" ALIGN="TOP"/>>0) instead of exponentials. These states are shown to satisfy the usual requirements of normalizability, continuity in the label and the resolution of unity with a positive weight function. This last quantity is found for arbitrary icons/Journals/Common/alpha" ALT="alpha" ALIGN="TOP"/>,icons/Journals/Common/beta" ALT="beta" ALIGN="TOP"/>>0 as a solution of an associated Stieltjes moment problem. In addition, for icons/Journals/Common/alpha" ALT="alpha" ALIGN="TOP"/> = m = 1,2,3 ... and icons/Journals/Common/beta" ALT="beta" ALIGN="TOP"/> = 1 (corresponding to Em(z)) we propose and analyse special q-deformations (01) of the functions Em(z) which serve as a tool to define q-deformed coherent states of ML type. We provide the expressions for expectation values of physical quantities for all the above states. We discuss physical properties of these states, noting that they are squeezed. The ML coherent states are sub-Poissonian in nature, whereas the q-deformed ML states can be sub- and super-Poissonian depending on q. All these states are shown to be eigenstates of deformed boson operators whose commutation relations are given.

Sixdeniers, J.-M.; Penson, K. A.; Solomon, A. I.

1999-10-01

426

Mechanical energy states during running  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Changes in total mechanical work and its partitioning into different energy states (kinetic, potential and rotational) during a step cycle of running were investigated on six well trained athletes who ran at the test speeds of 40, 60, 80, and 100% (9.3±0.3 m\\/s) of maximum. Cinematographic techniques were utilized to calculate the mechanical energy states as described by Norman et

Pekka Luhtanen; Paavo V. Komi

1978-01-01

427

2007 Western States Fire Mission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general overview of the Ikhana Uninhabited Air System (UAS) is presented. The contents include: 1) Ikhana UAS; 2) Ikhana UAS / Ground Control Station (GCS); 3) Ikhana UAS / Antennas; 4) Western States Fire Mission 2007 Partners; 5) FAA Certificate of Authorization (COA); 6) Western States Fire Missions (WSFM) 2007; 7) WSFM 1-4 2007; 8) California Wildfire Emergency Response 2007; 9) WSFM 5-8 Emergency Response 2007; 10) WSFM Achievements; and 11) WSFM Challenges.

Howell, Kathleen

2008-01-01

428

The Unfolded Protein State Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most studies on proteins have centered on the conformation and stability of the folded state. The unfolded state has essentially\\u000a been neglected because of its reputation of being devoid of biological function, and not well-defined. Recently the importance\\u000a of unfolded segments, as part of the secondary structure of globular proteins and their role in the performance of biological\\u000a functions, has

Patricio A. Carvajal; Tyre C. Lanier

429

Authoritarian State and Contentious Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The modern state has taken much power (in taxation, law, welfare and war-making, etc) away from the local communities and\\u000a is increasingly relevant to people's lives (Howard 1976; Mann 1986; Tilly 1992). The more a state gains power over the people, the more its presence is felt by the people. Revolution and social\\u000a movement can thus be seen as people's

Dingxin Zhao

430

Quantum mechanics without state vectors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because the state vectors of isolated systems can be changed in entangled states by processes in other isolated systems, keeping only the density matrix fixed, it is proposed to give up the description of physical states in terms of ensembles of state vectors with various probabilities, relying only on density matrices. The density matrix is defined here by the formula giving the mean values of physical quantities, which implies the same properties as the usual definition in terms of state vectors and their probabilities. This change in the description of physical states opens up a large variety of new ways that the density matrix may transform under various symmetries, different from the unitary transformations of ordinary quantum mechanics. Such new transformation properties have been explored before, but so far only for the symmetry of time translations into the future, treated as a semigroup. Here, new transformation properties are studied for general symmetry transformations forming groups, not just semigroups. Arguments that such symmetries should act on the density matrix as in ordinary quantum mechanics are presented, but all of these arguments are found to be inconclusive.

Weinberg, Steven

2014-10-01

431

State property systems and orthogonality  

E-print Network

The structure of a state property system was introduced to formalize in a complete way the operational content of the Geneva-Brussels approach to the foundations of quantum mechanics, and the category of state property systems was proven to be equivalence to the category of closure spaces. The first axioms of standard quantum axiomatics (state determination and atomisticity) have been shown to be equivalent to the $T_0$ and $T_1$ axioms of closure spaces, and classical properties to correspond to clopen sets, leading to a decomposition theorem into classical and purely nonclassical components for a general state property system. The concept of orthogonality, very important for quantum axiomatics, had however not yet been introduced within the formal scheme of the state property system. In this paper we introduce orthogonality in a operational way, and define ortho state property systems. Birkhoff's well known biorthogonal construction gives rise to an orthoclosure and we study the relation between this orthoclosure and the operational orthogonality that we introduced.

Dirk Aerts; Didier Deses

2002-11-16

432

State variations in Medicare expenditures.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examined variations in Medicare expenditures across states. METHODS: 1992 data on average Medicare expenditures per enrollee, users of services per 1000 enrollees, service use per user, and payment per unit of service were compared across states for various services. Weighted least squares regression analysis was employed to examine total Medicare expenditures per enrollee by state. RESULTS: Variation in Medicare expenditures across states is driven more by average number of service users per 1000 enrollees and average service units per user than by average payment per service unit. Medicare expenditures per enrollee by state are primarily a function of Medicare HMO penetration rate (P = .000), urban area (P = .001), hospital bed supply (P = .005), elderly mortality rate (P = .012), Medicare physician assignment rate (P = .026), percentage of primary care practitioners (P = .042), and interactions between urban elderly and percentage of primary care physicians (P = .005) and Black elderly and nursing home bed supply (P = .012). CONCLUSIONS: Before sweeping Medicare cuts are undertaken or excessive reliance on managed care occurs, attention should be focused on the current disproportionate distribution of expenditures across states. PMID:9357341

Kane, R L; Friedman, B

1997-01-01

433

Joint remote state preparation of arbitrary two-particle states via GHZ-type states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The protocols for joint remote preparation of an arbitrary two-particle pure state from a spatially separated multi-sender to one receiver are presented in this paper. We first consider the situation of two sender and demonstrate a flexible deterministic joint remote state preparation compared with previous probabilistic schemes. And then generalize the protocol to multi-sender and show that by only adding some classical communication the success probability of preparation can be increased to four times. Finally, using a proper positive operator-valued measure instead of usual projective measurement, we present a new scheme via two non-maximally entangled states. It is shown that our schemes are generalizations of the usual standard joint remote state preparation scheme and more suitable for real experiments with requirements of only Pauli operations.

Peng, Jia-Yin; Luo, Ming-Xing; Mo, Zhi-Wen

2013-07-01

434

State nonpoint source programs affecting forestry: The 12 northeastern states  

SciTech Connect

Programs addressing nonpoint source (NPS) water pollution impacts in forestry cover a wide range of activities in the Northeast. While state water program managers rate forestry-related sedimentation as a low priority problem, monitoring data to verify this are scanty. Most states have cooperative arrangements between environmental agencies which handle enforcement and forestry agencies which deliver NPS programs. Field assessments show that properly installed BMPs are effecting in minimizing sedimentation from forestry activities. Only a few field reviews of compliance have been done. These show that while noncompliance is significant, and erosion does occur, the water quality impacts appear to be minimal. While significant progress has been made, it will be difficult to maintain program momentum in the extremely difficult fiscal climate faced by the northeastern states. Also, the research base for defining more cost-effective practices and administrative programs has important gaps.

Irland, L.C.; Connors, J.F. (Irland Group, Winthrop, ME (United States))

1994-03-01

435

Asymmetric Dicke class states: Generation and applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dicke class states are maximally entangled states of atoms or atom-like two-state entities involving a small number of excitations (much less than the total number of atoms). The so-called asymmetric Dicke states, which carry different relative phases for different permutations corresponding to different atomic entities being in the excited state, are more useful for quantum information processing tasks than the symmetric Dicke states. I have devised a practical conceptual proposal for generation of asymmetric Dicke states based on an existing proposal to generate symmetric Dicke states. I also show that the asymmetric Dicke-class states can be used for perfect teleportation and dense coding.

DeYoung, Daniel

436

Transition States, Analogues and Drug Development  

PubMed Central

Enzymes achieve their transition states by dynamic conformational searches on the fsec to psec timescale. Mimics of reactants at enzymatic transition states bind tightly to enzymes by stabilizing the conformation optimized through evolution for transition state formation. Instead of forming the transient transition state geometry, transition state analogues convert the short-lived transition state to a stable thermodynamic state. Enzymatic transition states are understood by combining kinetic isotope effects and computational chemistry. Analogues of the transition state can bind millions of times tighter than substrates and show promise for drug development for several targets. PMID:23259601

Schramm, Vern L.

2013-01-01

437

Linearized theory of peridynamic states.  

SciTech Connect

A state-based peridynamic material model describes internal forces acting on a point in terms of the collective deformation of all the material within a neighborhood of the point. In this paper, the response of a state-based peridynamic material is investigated for a small deformation superposed on a large deformation. The appropriate notion of a small deformation restricts the relative displacement between points, but it does not involve the deformation gradient (which would be undefined on a crack). The material properties that govern the linearized material response are expressed in terms of a new quantity called the modulus state. This determines the force in each bond resulting from an incremental deformation of itself or of other bonds. Conditions are derived for a linearized material model to be elastic, objective, and to satisfy balance of angular momentum. If the material is elastic, then the modulus state is obtainable from the second Frechet derivative of the strain energy density function. The equation of equilibrium with a linearized material model is a linear Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. An analogue of Poincare's theorem is proved that applies to the infinite dimensional space of all peridynamic vector states, providing a condition similar to irrotationality in vector calculus.

Silling, Stewart Andrew

2009-04-01

438

Classical simulation of entangled states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Characterization of nonclassicality or quantumness of a state is fundamental to foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum information. At the heart of the problem is the question whether there exist classical systems—howsoever complicated—that can mimic a given quantum state. Whilst this has been traditionally addressed through the violation of Bell inequality or nonseparability, we show that it is possible to go beyond them, by introducing the concept of classical simulation. Focusing on the two-qubit case, we show that, while for pure states, classical simulability is equivalent to existence of a local hidden variable (LHV) model, the conditions for simulability can be weaker for mixed states, demanding what we call only a generalized LHV description. Consequently, quantum states which defy a classical simulation—which we call exceptional—may require conditions which are more stringent than violation of Bell inequalities. We illustrate these features with a number of representative examples and discuss the underlying reasons, by employing fairly simple arguments.

Bharath, H. M.; Ravishankar, V.

2014-06-01

439

[Treatment of depressive mixed states].  

PubMed

Mixed states are a frequent mood state characterized by the mixture of manic and depressive symptoms. Their clinical description has been studied for centuries but has known a renewal of interest recently. Several authors intend to redefine its diagnostic criteria to develop an appropriate therapeutic strategy. Current recommendations suggest to treat mixed depression as a mixed state whatever the dominant polarity is, and therefore according to the rules of therapeutic management of the manic state. Mood stabilizers and antipsychotic medications are indicated and have proven their effectiveness. Lithium, which was considered controversial, now appears to have some therapeutic value, especially in the prevention of suicidal behavior. The depressive component of mixed states, even pronounced, should not be an argument for a prescription of antidepressants, at the risk of aggravating clinical components such as irritability and impulsivity and increasing the danger of suicide attempt. Furthermore, electroconvulsivetherapy represents a real alternative ; psychotherapies have their place in relapse prevention and psychoeducation, but not during acute phases. Finally, an accurate assessment and appropriate management of suicide risk should be a constant concern for the clinicians. PMID:24359858

Dubois, M; Dassa, D; Belzeaux, R; Fakra, E; Cermolacce, M; Corréard, N; Kaladjian, A; Azorin, J-M

2013-12-01

440

Thermodynamic States in Explosion Fields  

SciTech Connect

Here we investigate the thermodynamic states occurring in explosion fields from the detonation of condensed explosives in air. In typical applications, the pressure of expanded detonation products gases is modeled by a Jones-Wilkins-Lee (JWL) function: P{sub JWL} = f(v,s{sub CJ}); constants in that function are fit to cylinder test data. This function provides a specification of pressure as a function of specific volume, v, along the expansion isentrope (s = constant = s{sub CJ}) starting at the Chapman-Jouguet (CJ) state. However, the JWL function is not a fundamental equation of thermodynamics, and therefore gives an incomplete specification of states. For example, explosions inherently involve shock reflections from surfaces; this changes the entropy of the products, and in such situations the JWL function provides no information on the products states. In addition, most explosives are not oxygen balanced, so if hot detonation products mix with air, they after-burn, releasing the heat of reaction via a turbulent combustion process. This raises the temperature of explosion products cloud to the adiabatic flame temperature ({approx}3,000K). Again, the JWL function provides no information on the combustion products states.

Kuhl, A L

2009-10-16

441

Thermodynamic States in Explosion Fields  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the thermodynamic states occurring in explosion fields from condensed explosive charges. These states are often modeled with a Jones-Wilkins-Lee (JWL) function. However, the JWL function is not a Fundamental Equation of Thermodynamics, and therefore cannot give a complete specification of such states. We use the Cheetah code of Fried to study the loci of states of the expanded detonation products gases from C-4 charges, and their combustion products air. In the Le Chatelier Plane of specific-internal-energy versus temperature, these loci are fit with a Quadratic Model function u(T), which has been shown to be valid for T < 3,000 K and p < 1k-bar. This model is used to derive a Fundamental Equation u(v,s) for C-4. Given u(v,s), one can use Maxwell's Relations to derive all other thermodynamic functions, such as temperature: T(v,s), pressure: p(v,s), enthalpy: h(v,s), Gibbs free energy: g(v,s) and Helmholz free energy: f(v,s); these loci are displayed in figures for C-4. Such complete equations of state are needed for numerical simulations of blast waves from explosive charges, and their reflections from surfaces.

Kuhl, A L

2010-03-12

442

Regional and State Level Water Scarcity Report: Northeast United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are an abundance of large-scale, coarse resolution global water scarcity studies, but the existing literature fails to address regional and state specific scarcity measures. Moreover, while environmental water requirements are an integral factor in the development and implementation of sustainable water management practices, only recently has this notion been introduced to water scarcity research. In this paper, we argue that developing a preliminary measure of water scarcity, at the regional and state levels, will allow for more informed policy development. The goal of this study is to generate a more comprehensive understanding of water scarcity in the Northeast, by gathering fine scale data, applying a consistent methodology to the calculation of a scarcity index, and analyzing the results to see relative trends in spatio-temporal water scarcity. Public supply, irrigation, rural, industrial and thermo-power withdrawals have been compiled from USGS state water use publications from 1950 to 1985. Using the WBMplus water model runoff data, state specific in-stream environmental water requirements were calculated using the accepted hydro-ecological methodology. Water scarcity was then calculated as a ratio of water withdrawals to total available water minus environmental flow requirements for the system. In so doing, this study generates a spatially explicit and temporally varying water scarcity indicator (WSI) for the Northeastern United States between 1950 and 2000 at the regional and state levels at a five-year time interval. Calculation of a spatial and temporal water scarcity indicator enabled us to identify regions and specific states that were: slightly exploited (WSI < 0.3), moderately exploited (0.31.0). The minimum environmental water requirements to maintain in-stream aquatic and riparian ecosystems for the Northeastern states ranged between 27.5 to 36.3 percent of the mean annual runoff within Vermont and Maryland, respectively. The regional WSI values ranged between 0.199 in 1950 and 0.512 in 1995, indicating increasing water scarcity over time as population and employment growth has placed greater demands on water resources. Additionally, our study revealed that in 1980, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and New Jersey scarcity levels were 0.733, 0.790 and 0.857, respectively. Although the Northeastern United States is commonly perceived as a water rich region, moderate to heavily exploited levels of water stress were observed over the time period when a finer spatial scale is utilized. Water scarcity indicator values were disaggregated by state for each time period and illustrated using a series of maps. Additional descriptive statistics were used to elucidate the differences in water scarcity between states over time.

Nicoletti, C. K.; Lopez-Morales, C. A.; Hoover, J. H.; Voigt, B. G.; Vorosmarty, C. J.; Mohammed, I. N.

2010-12-01

443

Common Core State Standards: I Wonder?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On June 1, 2009, the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA Center) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) issued a press release stating that 49 states and territories had joined the Common Core State Standards Initiative (CCSS). That initiative proposed that all states voluntarily adopt the same set of…

Tienken, Christopher H.

2010-01-01

444

Adaptable state based control system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An autonomous controller, comprised of a state knowledge manager, a control executor, hardware proxies and a statistical estimator collaborates with a goal elaborator, with which it shares common models of the behavior of the system and the controller. The elaborator uses the common models to generate from temporally indeterminate sets of goals, executable goals to be executed by the controller. The controller may be updated to operate in a different system or environment than that for which it was originally designed by the replacement of shared statistical models and by the instantiation of a new set of state variable objects derived from a state variable class. The adaptation of the controller does not require substantial modification of the goal elaborator for its application to the new system or environment.

Rasmussen, Robert D. (Inventor); Dvorak, Daniel L. (Inventor); Gostelow, Kim P. (Inventor); Starbird, Thomas W. (Inventor); Gat, Erann (Inventor); Chien, Steve Ankuo (Inventor); Keller, Robert M. (Inventor)

2004-01-01

445

Zermelo navigation for quantum states  

E-print Network

The quantum navigation problem of finding the time-optimal control Hamiltonian that transports a given initial state to a target state, under the influence of external fields, is analysed. By lifting the problem from the state space to the space of unitary gates realising the required task, we are able to deduce the form of the solution to the problem by deriving a universal quantum speed limit. The expression thus obtained indicates that further simplifications of this apparently difficult problem are possible if we switch to the interaction picture of quantum mechanics. A complete solution to the navigation problem for an arbitrary quantum system is then obtained, and the behaviour of the solution is illustrated in the case of a two-level system.

Brody, Dorje C; Meier, David M

2014-01-01

446

Zermelo navigation for quantum states  

E-print Network

The quantum navigation problem of finding the time-optimal control Hamiltonian that transports a given initial state to a target state, under the influence of external fields, is analysed. By lifting the problem from the state space to the space of unitary gates realising the required task, we are able to deduce the form of the solution to the problem by deriving a universal quantum speed limit. The expression thus obtained indicates that further simplifications of this apparently difficult problem are possible if we switch to the interaction picture of quantum mechanics. A complete solution to the navigation problem for an arbitrary quantum system is then obtained, and the behaviour of the solution is illustrated in the case of a two-level system.

Dorje C. Brody; Gary W. Gibbons; David M. Meier

2014-10-24

447

Montana State Historic Preservation Office  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Montana State Historic Preservation Office works with dozens of partners across Big Sky country to preserve the state's cultural and historic places. The website for the Office contains information about their staff, historic architecture, archaeological projects, and cultural records. Visitors can click on the State-owned Heritage Properties link, located at the bottom of the page, to find a list of historic properties owned and managed by Montana. They can also look over technical reports and documents about these properties. Visitors should not miss the report titled "Montana Modernism." This gem offers information and commentary on recently identified properties in Montana (such as the Safeway Grocery in Butte) built in the two decades after World War II. Finally, visitors with a interest in preservation policy can browse through the Preservation Law section.

2012-03-09

448

Truncated states obtained by iteration  

E-print Network

Quantum states of the electromagnetic field are of considerable importance, finding potential application in various areas of physics, as diverse as solid state physics, quantum communication and cosmology. In this paper we introduce the concept of truncated states obtained via iterative processes (TSI) and study its statistical features, making an analogy with dynamical systems theory (DST). As a specific example, we have studied TSI for the doubling and the logistic functions, which are standard functions in studying chaos. TSI for both the doubling and logistic functions exhibit certain similar patterns when their statistical features are compared from the point of view of DST. A general method to engineer TSI in the running-wave domain is employed, which includes the errors due to the nonidealities of detectors and photocounts.

W. B. Cardoso; N. G. de Almeida

2007-01-06

449

Quantum Transition-State Theory  

E-print Network

This dissertation unifies one of the central methods of classical rate calculation, `Transition-State Theory' (TST), with quantum mechanics, thereby deriving a rigorous `Quantum Transition-State Theory' (QTST). The resulting QTST is identical to ring polymer molecular dynamics transition-state theory (RPMD-TST), which was previously considered a heuristic method, and whose results we thereby validate. The key step in deriving a QTST is alignment of the flux and side dividing surfaces in path-integral space to obtain a quantum flux-side time-correlation function with a non-zero $t\\to 0_+$ limit. We then prove that this produces the exact quantum rate in the absence of recrossing by the exact quantum dynamics, fulfilling the requirements of a QTST. Furthermore, strong evidence is presented that this is the only QTST with positive-definite Boltzmann statistics and therefore the pre-eminent method for computation of thermal quantum rates in direct reactions.

Hele, Timothy J H

2014-01-01

450

State-level Zoonotic Disease Surveillance in the United States  

PubMed Central

Summary Most emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, yet recent commissions have highlighted deficiencies in their surveillance. We conducted a survey to understand the needs of state agencies for zoonotic disease surveillance. The findings will hopefully support the development of biomedical informatics applications that can link animal and human data for surveillance. PMID:21824354

Scotch, Matthew; Rabinowitz, Peter; Brandt, Cynthia

2011-01-01

451

Extended corresponding states equation of state for natural gas systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an extended corresponded states model for the prediction of thermodynamic properties of natural gas systems. This model is based on shape factors expressed as generalised functions of the reduced temperature and density, the acentric factor and the critical compression factor. A single set of coefficients was optimised for 12 major components of natural gases. The extension to multicomponent

J. F. Estela-Uribe; J. P. M. Trusler

2001-01-01

452

Administration of State Universities State Board of Education  

E-print Network

General KATHERINE HARRIS Secretary of State TOM GALLAGHER Commissioner of Education ELIZABETH G. LINDSAY. STROBBE Directors: Ambulatory Operations BARBARA C. CORDELL Central Services WAYNE A. SPANTON Comparative Biomedicine (Lab Animal Medicine) ROBERT W. ENGELMAN Development RANKIN P. HARRIS Human Resources KARLA

Lajeunesse, Marc J.

453

Administration of State Universities State Board of Education  

E-print Network

Development RANKIN P.HARRIS Human Resources KARLA CHARRON Information Services WAYNE I. THOMPSON LibraryGeneral KATHERINE HARRIS Secretary of State TOMGALLAGHER Commissioner of Education PHILIP D. LEWIS Riviera.CORDELL Central Services WAYNE A. SPANTON ComparativeBiomedicine (Lab Animal Medicine) ROBERT W. ENGELMAN

Lajeunesse, Marc J.

454

Stated preference analysis of travel choices: the state of practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stated preference (SP) methods are widely used in travel behaviour research and practice to identify behavioural responses to choice situations which are not revealed in the market, and where the attribute levels offered by existing choices are modified to such an extent that the reliability of revealed preference models as predictors of response is brought into question. This paper reviews

David A. Hensher

1994-01-01

455

Michigan State University Alumni Association MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

community. Section 3 Background The Association is a group of members, Academic Associations, Regional Alumni Clubs, and Alumni Interest Groups. It is authorized by the Board of Trustees of Michigan State membership automatically grants membership in an Academic Association (if selected by the member), and where

456

Adult Learning in Focus: National and State by State Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a strong and growing argument for higher educational attainment in the United States. The jobs that are expected to support the economy in the coming years will depend on a skilled workforce that is able to learn and adapt quickly to new challenges. However, demographic patterns demonstrate that relying on the traditional K-16 pipeline to…

Council for Adult and Experiential Learning (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

457

Stabilization of LPV Systems: State Feedback, State Estimation, and Duality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the problem of the stabilization of Linear Parameter Varying systems by means of Gain Scheduling Control, is considered This technique consists on designing a controller which is able to update its parameters on-line according to the variations of the plant parameters. We first consider the state feedback case and we show a design procedure based on the

Franco Blanchini; Stefano Miani

2003-01-01

458

Professional-Development Systems: The State of the States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes states' efforts to implement a school-age credentialing system for child caregivers. Identifies basic problems hindering progress: readiness, infrastructure, and sustainability of infrastructure. Delineates implications for school-age care of significant initiatives in California, Florida, and New York. Suggests that there is no…

Gannett, Ellen; Nee, Judy; Smith, Darci

2001-01-01

459

The Changing State of State Funding--Opportunity and Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent economic downturn has had a serious effect on public higher education, and problems will linger for some years hence. The impact of this disinvestment has been particularly severe for the University of California. The dramatic decrease in state funding has necessitated large relative increases in education and registration fees for our…

White, Timothy P.

2010-01-01

460

From the Welfare State to the Warfare State  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is the nature of the post-9\\/11 global order? What types of transnational conflicts are we likely to see in the years ahead? Will the United States dominate this new world order? Can it? A panel of distinguished sociologists tackles these questions.

Edward A. Tiryakian

2005-01-01

461

The State of Homeless Children in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across America, the numbers of homeless children and families are growing as a result of many factors including the recent economic crisis, home foreclosures, and natural disasters. Because of an increase in the number of homeless children throughout the United States, this population has unmet needs that can be targeted in school settings under…

Kabler, Brenda; Weinstein, Elana

2009-01-01

462

Stabilizability by state feedback implies stabilizability by encoded state feedback  

E-print Network

. In this note stabilization of nonlinear systems by encoded state feedback is studied. It is shown that any nonlinear control system which can be glob- ally asymptotically stabilized by "standard" (i, Nonlinear control systems, Stabilizability, Com- munication This work was partially supported by NSF under

De Persis, Claudio

463

The State of Preschool 2012: State Preschool Yearbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2011-2012 school year was the worst in a decade for progress in access to high-quality pre-K for America's children. To some extent this reflects the effects on state governments of the worst economic downturn most living Americans have ever experienced. Yet, this is not the whole story. The 2011-2012 results also reflect the effects of…

Barnett, W. Steven; Carolan, Megan E.; Fitzgerald, Jen; Squires, James H.

2012-01-01

464

Mathematics and Science Education in the States. StateNotes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early part of the 21st century sees the United States competing in an increasingly globalized, high-tech economy that highly prizes those individuals with quality mathematics and science educations, and bestows economic and other benefits on the nations and regions in which they live and work. Nations around the world--recognizing the…

Zinth, Kyle; Dounay, Jennifer

2006-01-01

465

State of the University Address Boise State University  

E-print Network

, marking the first time in the history of Bronco football that Boise State has been ranked in a major accomplishments of last year. I'd like to take a moment to update the slide on our football program. As you

Barrash, Warren

466

BPS states, crystals and matrices  

E-print Network

We review free fermion, melting crystal and matrix model representations of wall-crossing phenomena on local, toric Calabi-Yau manifolds. We consider both unrefined and refined BPS counting of closed BPS states involving D2 and D0-branes bound to a D6-brane, as well as open BPS states involving open D2-branes ending on an additional D4-brane. Appropriate limit of these constructions provides, among the others, matrix model representation of refined and unrefined topological string amplitudes.

Piotr Su?kowski

2011-06-24

467

Gibbs states on random configurations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gibbs states of a spin system with the single-spin space S={R}m and unbounded pair interactions are studied. The spins are attached to the points of a realization ? of a random point process in {R} n. Under certain conditions on the model parameters we prove that, for almost all ?, the set G(S^{? }) of all Gibbs states is nonempty and its elements have support properties, explicitly described in the paper. We also show the existence of measurable selections ? mapsto ? _{? }in G(S^{? }) (random Gibbs measures) and derive the corresponding averaged moment estimates.

Daletskii, Alexei; Kondratiev, Yuri; Kozitsky, Yuri; Pasurek, Tanja

2014-08-01

468

Optically excited states in positronium  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Optical excitation are reported of the 1 3S-2 3P transition in positronium, and a second excitation from n=2 to higher n states. The experiment used light from two pulsed dye lasers. Changes in the positronium annihilation rate during and after the laser pulse were used to deduce the excited state populations. The n=2 level was found to be saturable and excitable to a substantial fraction of n=2 positronium to higher levels. Preliminary spectroscopic measurements were performed on n=14 and n=15 positronium.

Howell, R. H.; Ziock, Klaus P.; Magnotta, F.; Dermer, Charles D.; Failor, R. A.; Jones, K. M.

1990-01-01

469

Mayflies of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In keeping with its excellent reputation, the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (first described in the October 15, 1997 Scout Report for Science & Engineering) has posted this useful, work-in-progress resource, one of several on the distribution of several groups of flying insects. Mayflies of the United States, contains information on the known distribution of Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) in the US, including distribution maps, county checklists, published references, photo thumbnails, and numerous links to related sites. Dr. Boris Kondratieff of Colorado State University coordinated the production of all three sites. While the authors stress the "work-in-progress" nature of this site, it represents an excellent and useful contribution.

470

United States Advanced Battery Consortium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) is a collaboration between DaimlerChrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Corporation and is part of the United States Council for Automotive Research (USCAR). USABC conducts research and development of advanced energy systems with applications for electric vehicles. The website reviews the goals for the battery systems under investigation, provides information on submitting proposals for research funding, and posts manuals on USABC Abuse Test Procedures, Electric Vehicle Battery Test Procedures, the FreedomCAR Power Assist Battery, and 42 Volt Battery Test procedures. Related Links offer additional information on projects such as the Electrochemical Energy Storage Tech Team and the 42 Volt Working Group.

471

Stabilizer states and local realism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The central focus of this work is to make progress towards understanding entanglement as a resource for computation by examining the quantum correlations that can be extracted from stabilizer states. As such, we focus on the stabilizer formalism, local realism, and the convergence of the two. We contribute to the understanding and manipulation of stabilizer states by providing a simple and compact graphical description of them. Using our stabilizer-state graphs we demonstrate how Clifford operations and Pauli measurements on stabilizer states can be illustrated graphically. Moreover, we demonstrate how our graphical description of stabilizer states can actually be extended to encompass all stabilizer codes. The inability to explain quantum measurement results in local realistic terms is the most striking divergence of quantum mechanics from classical physics. We consider measurements on spatially separated quantum systems and learn when the measurement correlations are consistent with local realism. If they are, we provide an algorithm that generates a local realistic model for them. When the measurement correlations are not so describable, our algorithm generates a Bell inequality violated by them. Unfortunately, this program becomes computationally infeasible when the number of measurements becomes large. For this reason, we also explicitly give a large class of Bell inequalities for an arbitrary number of systems and dichotomic observables. We also examine local realism through probabilistic theories, which include local realistic models, quantum mechanics, and more. Finally, we study the stabilizer-state violation of local realism. We begin by examining local realistic models for Pauli measurements on stabilizer states which satisfy a single highly-motivated property. Beginning with these models, we then examine how much stronger quantum correlations are than classical ones. This is done by allowing some classical communication. Under this paradigm, we introduce a simple communication model that reproduces all global quantum correlations. Studying the successes and failures of this simple model uncovers two properties essential for any successful communication model. Furthermore, we construct a universal model with these properties that reproduces all quantum measurement results for Pauli measurements on stabilizer states.

Elliott, Matthew B.

472

ClassBrain's State Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This amazingly impressive site by ClassBrain, Inc. provides valuable educational resources for students, parents, and teachers. The site is equipped with various learning activities and games for students ranging from grade levels Pre-K to 12. In addition, this site contains information on world countries and US states. Both the country and state reports are arranged in alphabetical order and provide data on history, statistics, maps, geographical information, government, economy, and much more. This site is a breath of fresh air for those parents and teachers discouraged by the plethora of untactful Internet sites currently accessible to children.

2000-01-01

473

Coherent states of composite bosons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a systematic analysis of coherent states of composite bosons consisting of two distinguishable particles. By defining an effective composite boson (coboson) annihilation operator, we derive its eigenstate and commutator. Depending on the elementary particles comprising the composite particles, we gauge the resemblance between this eigenstate and traditional coherent states through typical measures of nonclassicality, such as quadrature variances and Mandel's Q parameter. Furthermore, we show that the eigenstate of the coboson annihilation operator is useful in estimating the maximum eigenvalue of the coboson number operator.

Lee, Su-Yong; Thompson, Jayne; Kurzy?ski, Pawe?; Soeda, Akihito; Kaszlikowski, Dagomir

2013-12-01

474

NAFTA's Positive Impact on the United States: A State-by-State Breakdown  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"NAFTA's Positive Impact on the United States: A State-by-State Breakdown," by John Sweeney of the Heritage Foundation, attempts to examine the gains to individual states from NAFTA and concludes that most states have benefited. Recently, the debate over free trade has intensified in light of the failure of President Clinton to obtain fast-track authority from Congress. On September 17, 1997, President Clinton went against the liberals in his own party to request fast-track authority from Congress to negotiate new trade accords. The Senate approved the President's request for fast track on November 5, 1997 but the vote in the House was shelved when it appeared likely that fast-track would be defeated. The opponents of free-trade consist mainly of trade unions who are worried about the loss of jobs to countries with cheap labor, and environmentalists concerned about the effect of free trade on environmental standards. The supporters of free-trade are mainly businesses who see business potential in the larger market that would be created by expanding free trade.

Sweeney, John.

1997-01-01

475

46 CFR 309.3 - Stated valuation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Stated valuation. 309.3 Section 309.3 Shipping MARITIME...VALUES FOR WAR RISK INSURANCE § 309.3 Stated valuation. A stated valuation represents just compensation for the vessel...

2010-10-01

476

75 FR 5373 - United States Mint  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint ACTION: Notification of Pricing for 2010 United States Mint Presidential $1 Coin Proof Set. \\TM...SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing the price of the 2010...

2010-02-02

477

Finite Translations in Solid-State Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eigenvalues of finite translations are used for specifying a complete set of states in quantum mechanics. A derivation of these states is given and they are shown to be very useful in solid-state physics.

J. Zak

1967-01-01

478

7 CFR 247.6 - State Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... (7) A description of plans for providing nutrition...amendments to the State Plan? The State agency must...to reflect any changes in program operations or administration described in the State Plan, and to request...

2012-01-01

479

7 CFR 247.6 - State Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... (7) A description of plans for providing nutrition...amendments to the State Plan? The State agency must...to reflect any changes in program operations or administration described in the State Plan, and to request...

2011-01-01

480

18 CFR 740.3 - State applications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false State applications. 740.3 Section 740.3 Conservation of Power and Water Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL STATE WATER MANAGEMENT PLANNING PROGRAM § 740.3 State applications. (a) The Council shall invite...

2010-04-01

481

Academic Festival P enn State Mont Alto  

E-print Network

.................................................14 Jessica Mellott CHILDHOOD OBESITY.................................................................16 Stephanie Troxell BILINGUALISM OF YOUNG CHILDREN IN THE UNITED STATES8 Academic Festival P enn State Mont Alto 3rd Annual Academic Festival April 16, 2008 P enn State

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

482

40 CFR 300.605 - State trustees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...state lead trustee to coordinate all state trustee responsibilities with other trustee agencies and with response activities of the RRT and OSC. The state's lead trustee would designate a representative to serve as contact with the OSC. This individual...

2010-07-01

483

THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATION  

E-print Network

with the University and each other, to continue learning and growing in step with Ohio State, to pay it forward President for Alumni Relations, The Ohio State University President and CEO, The Ohio State University

484

78 FR 57450 - State Rail Plan Guidance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FRA-2012-0066] State Rail Plan Guidance AGENCY: Federal Railroad...Notice of Availability of Final State Rail Plan Guidance...announce the availability of final State Rail Plan Guidance. The purpose of...

2013-09-18

485

45 CFR 150.201 - State enforcement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Determining Whether States Are Failing To Substantially Enforce HIPAA Requirements § 150.201 State enforcement. Except as provided in subpart C of this part, each State enforces HIPAA requirements with respect to health insurance issuers that...

2010-10-01

486

Locally inequivalent four-qubit hypergraph states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hypergraph states as real equally weighted pure states are important resources for quantum codes of non-local stabilizers. Using local Pauli equivalence and permutational symmetry, we reduce the 32 768 four-qubit real equally weighted pure states to 28 locally inequivalent hypergraph states and several graph states. The calculation of geometric entanglement supplemented with entanglement entropy confirms that further reduction is impossible for true hypergraph states.

Chen, Xiao-yu; Wang, Lei

2014-10-01

487

Perfect Cluster States from Imperfect Global Entanglement  

E-print Network

The cluster state, the highly entangled state that is the central resource for one-way quantum computing, can be efficiently generated in a variety of physical implementations via global nearest-neighbor interactions. In practice, a systematic phase error is expected in the entangling process, resulting in imperfect cluster states. We present a stochastic measurement technique to generate large perfect cluster states and other graph states with high probability from imperfect cluster states even when their initial entanglement is weak.

Michael C. Garrett; David L. Feder

2006-05-29

488

Unambiguous discrimination between quantum mixed states  

E-print Network

We prove that the states secretly chosen from a mixed state set can be perfectly discriminated if and only if these states are orthogonal. The sufficient and necessary condition when nonorthogonal quantum mixed states can be unambiguously discriminated is also presented. Furthermore, we derive a series of lower bounds on the inconclusive probability of unambiguous discrimination of states from a mixed state set with \\textit{a prior} probabilities.

Yuan Feng; Runyao Duan; Mingsheng Ying

2004-03-20

489

Practical effects in cat state breeding  

E-print Network

A cat state is a superposition of macroscopically distinct states. In quantum optics one such type of state is a superposition of distinct coherent states. Recently, a protocol has been proposed for preparing large optical cat states from a resource of smaller ones. We consider the effects of mode-mismatch and loss in the preparation of large cat states using this protocol with a view to understand experimental limitations. (This paper is written in an experimental rapid communication format).

Peter P. Rohde; Austin P. Lund

2007-02-07

490

"New State of Matter" Created  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yesterday, scientists from 20 different countries working at CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, announced that, after years of work, they had created "a new state of matter." In this new state of matter, quarks, the smallest known particles, roam freely instead of being bound up into more complex particles such as protons and neutrons. By smashing heavy lead ions at temperatures 100,000 times as high as those at the sun's center and at energy densities never before reached in laboratory experiments, the scientists claim they have created a form of matter, "quark-gluon" soup or plasma, that has not existed since a few millionths of a second after the Big Bang created the universe. Although the evidence is indirect, since the particles were measured after they returned to a confined state, many believe that this "Little Bang" verifies a key part of the Big Bang theory -- that quarks and gluons existed in a free state before they joined to form the larger particles that make up the atom. CERN is winding down its current research, and the momentum for high-energy science research will transfer to the US, where a new facility in New York, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), is due to begin experiments later this year.

De Nie, Michael W.

491

State of the Lab Address  

ScienceCinema

In his third-annual State of the Lab address, Ames Laboratory Director Alex King called the past year one of "quiet but strong progress" and called for Ames Laboratory to continue to build on its strengths while responding to changing expectations for energy research.

King, Alex

2013-03-01

492

Woman, the State, and War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does `gender' as a category of analysis or as a central feature of a logic of explanation alter in significant ways Kenneth Waltz's famous `levels of analysis' as developed in his classic, Man, the State, and War? One overriding claim of feminist international relations has been that `gender' alters all levels of analysis; thus, changing `man' to `woman' in the

Jean Bethke Elshtain

2009-01-01

493

Inventory of state energy models  

SciTech Connect

These models address a variety of purposes, such as supply or demand of energy or of certain types of energy, emergency management of energy, conservation in end uses of energy, and economic factors. Fifty-one models are briefly described as to: purpose; energy system; applications;status; validation; outputs by sector, energy type, economic and physical units, geographic area, and time frame; structure and modeling techniques; submodels; working assumptions; inputs; data sources; related models; costs; references; and contacts. Discussions in the report include: project purposes and methods of research, state energy modeling in general, model types and terminology, and Federal legislation to which state modeling is relevant. Also, a state-by-state listing of modeling efforts is provided and other model inventories are identified. The report includes a brief encylopedia of terms used in energy models. It is assumed that many readers of the report will not be experienced in the technical aspects of modeling. The project was accomplished by telephone conversations and document review by a team from the Colorado School of Mines Research Institute and the faculty of the Colorado School of Mines. A Technical Committee (listed in the report) provided advice during the course of the project.

Melcher, A.G.; Gist, R.L.; Underwood, R.G.; Weber, J.C.

1980-03-31

494

Pathways Analysis for State Proliferators  

E-print Network

A computational tool to assess the most likely path a state proliferator would take in making a nuclear weapon was created in a Bayesian network. The purpose of this work was to create a tool to facilitate analysts and policymakers in learning about...

Mella, Michael

2012-07-16

495

Montana State University Native American  

E-print Network

1 Montana State University Native American College Funding Guide Melanie Woods Admissions & New ­ 5 Types of Financial Aid 5 ­ 6 Helpful Websites 6 ­ 11 Sources For Native American Students 6 Native American Financial Aid 7 Eligibility for Native American Scholarships 7 MSU Campus Scholarships 7 Montana

Dyer, Bill

496

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, RISK MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

negatively impact the University's strategic mission; reputation; day-to-day operations; complianceCALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT 2010 ANNUAL REPORT #12;2010 Annual Report Page 2 I. Program Cost One method to assess the effectiveness of the University's risk management

de Lijser, Peter

497

Two State Nuclear Decay Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Two State Nuclear Decay model simulates the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei into other nuclei. In this model, the resultant nuclei are stable and there are no intermediate decay states. Although the decay of a radioactive nucleus (radionuclide) is spontaneous and the time of its decay cannot be predicted, the probability of its decay k is constant and is usually known. The model displays a radioactive sample with N nuclides. Radioactive nuclides are color-coded red and decayed nuclides are color-coded blue. Users can set the number of nuclides N, the decay constant k, and the time interval between measurements before the simulation is run. The simulation counts the number of decay events and stops when there are no radionuclides remaining. The Two State Nuclear Decay model was developed using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_nuclear_TwoStateNuclearDecay.jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Christian, Wolfgang

2011-01-07

498

Improving Equation of State Tables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inertial Confinement Fusion is based on the idea of imploding a target (filled with deuterium and tritium gas) in an attempt to release energy in the form of neutrons. To understand and predict target behavior during the fusion process, it is necessary to produce accurate simulations of the implosion. The equation of state (EOS) fom an indispensable part of these

Priya Rajasethupathy

499

Children in the States, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This data book provides statistics on a range of indicators that measure critical aspects of children's lives in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) population and family characteristics (including number of children under age 18 and age 5, percentage of population under age…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

500

United States Space Shuttle Firsts  

E-print Network

night landing at Edwards Air Force Base. 11/28/1983 STS-9 (Columbia) CREW: J. Young, B. Shaw Jr., O #12; Foreword This summary of the United States Space Shuttle Program firsts was compiled from various Complex 39A. 02/20/1981 STS-1 (Columbia) · First Flight Readiness Firing (FRF) of shuttle main engines