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Sample records for akwa ibom state

  1. Business Studies Academic Performance Differences of Secondary School Juniors in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Udoukpong, Bassey E.; Emah, Ime E.; Umoren, Shirley E.

    2012-01-01

    The research examined the differences in the academic performance in Business Studies of a sampled secondary school junior students in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria. A sample of 290 (138 male and 152 female) Junior Secondary Three (9th grade) students was surveyed. The students' variables' being examined vis-à-vis academic performance in Business…

  2. Entrepreneurship Education and Career Intentions of Tertiary Education Students in Akwa Ibom and Cross River States, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ekpoh, Uduak Imo; Edet, Aniefiok Oswald

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the impact of entrepreneurship education on career intentions among 500 students drawn from two universities in Akwa Ibom and Cross River States of Nigeria. The study adopted a survey design. Two research questions and two hypotheses were raised for the study. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire titled…

  3. Comparative Analysis of Selected Motor Fitness Profile of Football Referees in Cross River and AKWA IBOM States, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogabor, J. O.; Sanusi, M.; Saulawa, A. I.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare selected motor fitness profile of football referees in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States. Motor fitness profiles compared were running speed and agility of the referees. Standardized equipment and procedures were employed in the tests. To achieve the objectives of the study, two research hypotheses were…

  4. A Comparative Analysis of the Availability of Information Resources on Ibibio Culture in the University of Uyo and Akwa Ibom State Public Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okon, Henry Itohowo; Simon, Jehu S.; Akai, Iniobong

    2015-01-01

    This study reports the results of a survey of the available holdings of information resources on Ibibio culture in the University of Uyo Library and Akwa Ibom State Library. The specific objectives of the study were to determine the different size of information resources on funeral, fattening (Mbobo), taboos, myths as well as dissemination in the…

  5. Surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria 2004–2009

    PubMed Central

    Bassey, Bassey Enya; Gasasira, Alex; Mitula, Pamela; Frankson, Umoh Utobong; Adeniji, Johnson Adekunle

    2011-01-01

    Introduction The last case of wild polio virus transmission occurred in Akwa Ibom state in October 2001; however, combination high routine immunization coverage with OPV, high quality AFP surveillance, mass immunization campaign in which two doses of potent oral polio vaccine is administered to eligible children and mop-up campaigns in areas with identified immunization or surveillance gaps has help the state in maintaining a free polio status for over ten years. This study was carried out to describe the characteristics of reported acute flaccid paralysis cases between 2004 and 2009, and to evaluate the performance of the acute flaccid paralysis surveillance system using indicators recommended by the World Health Organization. Methods A retrospective study was conducted among children, 0-15 years, by the World Health Organization (WHO) and Epidemiology unit of State Ministry of Health (SMOH), Uyo. The demographic characteristics and the results of isolation and identification of polio and other enteroviruses in stool samples sent to the WHO Polio Laboratory Ibadan for cases was analyzed. Results A total of 521 cases of AFP (270 males and 251 females) aged 0 month to=15 years were reported by the surveillance system between 2004 and 2009. Those below 5 years of age accounted for 82.5% of cases reported and investigated. Of the 521 cases investigated 512 (98.3%) received at least three doses of oral polio vaccine, while 9(1.7) never received any oral polio vaccine (zero-dose). In all 5.1% of the isolates were Sabin, 7.9% non polio enterovirus (NPEV) and 2.3% were classified by national expert committee as compatible with poliomyelitis. There was consistent and steady increase in three critical indicators; Non polio AFP rate in children <15 years from 4.5 to 6.4 per 100 000 population, proportion of AFP cases with 2 stool specimens collected within 14 days of onset of paralysis from 57% in 2005 to 91% in 2009 and proportion of Local Government Areas (Districts) meeting both core indicators from 23% in 2005 to 87% in 2009. The highest numbers of cases were seen in the months of March, May and September. Conclusion This study showed high levels of surveillance performance with some challenges in reverse the cold chain system, the continuation and sustained AFP case detection, prompt investigation and response, improvement in the reserve cold chain system would achieve optimal standards recommended by WHO and might provide a good model for the eradication of poliomyelitis. PMID:22145065

  6. Results of a 1 year Special Action Project for the Elimination of Leprosy (SAPEL) in poorly accessible areas of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Ebenso, B E

    1999-03-01

    This article reports the outcome of a Special Action Project for the Elimination of Leprosy (SAPEL), including the implementation of multidrug therapy (MDT) in difficult situations in Akwa Ibom State in Nigeria. Twenty-two fishing villages and five communities in areas of gully erosion participated in the project from August 1996 to September 1997. Seven new cases were detected and treated with MDT. Twenty-one out of 22 defaulters examined resided in the mainland part of the project area and not in the fishing villages. Considerable difficulties were encountered with regard to the exorbitant cost of transport, physical attacks on the teams and the lack of reliable information on population figures for the project area. The discussion includes attention to the cost-effectiveness of the SAPEL approach under the conditions described and the need to develop better monitoring of treatment and community participation in poorly accessible areas. PMID:10405545

  7. Cassava Intake and Vitamin A Status among Women and Preschool Children in Akwa-Ibom, Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    De Moura, Fabiana F.; Moursi, Mourad; Lubowa, Abdelrahman; Ha, Barbara; Boy, Erick; Oguntona, Babatunde; Sanusi, Rasaki A.; Maziya-Dixon, Busie

    2015-01-01

    Background As part of the HarvestPlus provitamin A-biofortified cassava program in Nigeria we conducted a survey to determine the cassava intake and prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among children 6-59 months and women of childbearing age in the state of Akwa Ibom. Methods A cluster-randomized cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2011 in Akwa Ibom, Nigeria. The usual food and nutrient intakes were estimated using a multi-pass 24-hour recall with repeated recall on a subsample. Blood samples of children and women were collected to analyze for serum retinol, serum ferritin, and acute phase proteins as indicators of infection. Vitamin A deficiency was defined as serum retinol <0.70 ?mol/L adjusted for infection. Results A total of 587 households of a mother-child dyad participated in the dietary intake assessment. Cassava was very widely consumed in Akwa Ibom, mainly as gari or foofoo. Daily cassava consumption frequency was 92% and 95% among children and women, respectively. Mean (±SD) cassava intake (expressed as raw fresh weight) was 348 ± 317 grams/day among children and 940 ± 777 grams/day among women. Intakes of most micronutrients appeared to be adequate with the exception of calcium. Median vitamin A intake was very high both for children (1038 ?g RAE/day) and women (2441 ?g RAE/day). Red palm oil and dark green leafy vegetables were the main sources of vitamin A in the diet, with red palm oil alone contributing almost 60% of vitamin A intake in women and children. Prevalence of vitamin A deficiency ranged from moderate (16.9 %) among children to virtually non-existent (3.4 %) among women. Conclusion Consumption of cassava and vitamin A intake was high among women and children in Akwa Ibom with a prevalence of vitamin A deficiency ranging from moderate in children to non-existent among women. The provitamin A biofortified cassava and other vitamin A interventions should focus dissemination in states where red palm oil is not widely consumed. PMID:26083382

  8. Influence of Marital Status on Attitude of Midwives towards OSCE and Their Performance in the Examination in Akwa Ibom and Cross River States, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duke, Emon Umoe; Mgbekem, Mary Achi; Nsemo, Alberta David; Ojong-Alacia, Mary Manyo; Nkwonta, Chigozie A.; Mobolaji-Olajide, O. M.

    2015-01-01

    This quantitative study investigated the influence of marital status on the midwives' attitude towards OSCE and how this affects their performance in the examination. Two hypotheses guided the study. HO 1 sort to find out if there exist a significant influence of marital status of midwives on their attitude towards OSCE as well as performance in…

  9. Heavy Metals in Seafood and Farm Produce from Uyo, Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Orisakwe, Orish E.; Mbagwu, Herbert O. C.; Ajaezi, Godwin C.; Edet, Ukeme W.; Uwana, Patrick U.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: This study aimed to obtain representative data on the levels of heavy metals in seafood and farm produce consumed by the general population in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, a region known for the exploration and exploitation of crude oil. Methods: In May 2012, 25 food items, including common types of seafood, cereals, root crops and vegetables, were purchased in Uyo or collected from farmland in the region. Dried samples were ground, digested and centrifuged. Levels of heavy metals (lead, cadmium, nickel, cobalt and chromium) were analysed using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Average daily intake and target hazard quotients (THQ) were estimated. Results: Eight food items (millet, maize, periwinkle, crayfish, stock fish, sabina fish, bonga fish and pumpkin leaf) had THQ values over 1.0 for cadmium, indicating a potential health risk in their consumption. All other heavy metals had THQ values below 1.0, indicating insignificant health risks. The total THQ for the heavy metals ranged from 0.389 to 2.986. There were 14 items with total THQ values greater than 1.0, indicating potential health risks in their consumption. Conclusion: The regular consumption of certain types of farm produce and seafood available in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, is likely adding to the body burden of heavy metals among those living in this region. PMID:26052462

  10. Current Trends of Immunization in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges

    PubMed Central

    Ophori, Endurance A.; Tula, Musa Y.; Azih, Azuka V.; Okojie, Rachel; Ikpo, Precious E.

    2014-01-01

    Immunization is aimed at the prevention of infectious diseases. In Nigeria, the National Programme on Immunization (NPI) suffers recurrent setbacks due to many factors including ethnicity and religious beliefs. Nigeria is made up of 36 states with its federal capital in Abuja. The country is divided into six geo-political zones; north central, north west, north east, south east, south west and south south. The population is unevenly distributed across the country. The average population density in 2006 was estimated at 150 people per square kilometres with Lagos, Anambra, Imo, Abia, and Akwa Ibom being the most densely populated states. Most of the densely populated states are found in the south east. Kano with an average density of 442 persons per square kilometre, is the most densely populated state in the northern part of the country. This study presents a review on the current immunization programme and the many challenges affecting its success in the eradication of childhood diseases in Nigeria. PMID:25237283

  11. Distribution of Vibrio species in Shellfish and Water Samples Collected from the Atlantic Coastline of South-East Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Eyisi, Onyedikachukwu A.L.; Nwodo, Uchechukwu U.

    2013-01-01

    Crayfish, lobster, and sea-water samples collected from five fishing islands on the Atlantic coast–Bight of Biafra (Bonny)–belonging to Ibaka Local Government Area of Akwa-Ibom State of Nigeria were bacteriologically evaluated on thiosulphate citrate bile-salt sucrose (TCBS) agar for Vibrio load and pathotypes. Mean log10 Vibrio counts of 7.64±2.78 cfu/g (in crayfish), 5.07±3.21 cfu/g (in lobster), and 3.06±2.27 cfu/mL (in sea-water) were obtained in rainy season (June-July) while counts in the dry season (November-December) were 6.25±1.93 cfu/g, 5.99±1.54 cfu/g, and 3.84±1.78 cfu/mL respectively. The physicochemical measurements (temperature, pH, and total dissolved solutes) of the sea-water did not vary significantly in the two seasons across all five islands. Vibrio species isolated were Vibrio cholerae (both O1 and non-O1 serotypes), V. parahaemolyticus, V. vulnificus, V. mimicus, and V. fluvialis. Both Ogawa and Inaba subtypes of V. cholerae O1 serotype were found. In addition, the Hikojima subtype, which had not been previously reported in the region, was isolated in two samples. The results show that these Vibrio species are endemic in the area. PMID:24288944

  12. Nigeria's women look beyond literacy.

    PubMed

    Obadina, E

    1993-01-01

    Vocational training programs in Nigeria offer hope for providing women with skills to earn income as self-employed workers. The National Open Apprenticeship Scheme provides training for 100,000 boys and girls annually. Women's Vocational Training Centers are being developed in 589 local areas. The Nigerian government and a number of community banks are providing start-up funds for the self-employed. Traditional craft and art forms are being revived in the process. Cooperatives are being established for selling products. Girls find it easy to get married once they are trained. Women are valued for their ability to add to income and in turn are placed in a position to bargain for power in the relationship. It is unknown yet how these schemes will affect fertility. The example is given of Grace Mfon who left a village 500 miles from Lagos in the impoverished, oil-producing state of Akwa Ibom. She is apprenticed with 3 others in a 1-room "Fashion House" to learn tailoring. The 2-year apprenticeship program cost her $38/year, which she saved from her $20/month job. She plans to save for her own shop and get married and have children. She joined the apprenticeship program because of the poor job prospects and the dead end life of farming for her husband. There is both a great need and interest in providing vocational training. The government has been involved in an economic restructuring under the guidance of the International Monetary Fund, and must find work for the hugh number of unemployed workers, many of whom are school dropouts. PMID:12318183

  13. Epidemiology of human furuncular myiasis of Cordylobia anthropophaga (Grunberg) in Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Ogbalu, Ogugua K; Achufusi, Ted George Ody; Orlu, Eme E

    2013-03-01

    Two hundred people were randomly selected for myiasis infection in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, except in some states where we did not get the stipulated number (200) to sample. In each of the six states sampled within the Niger Delta in 2009, 88% of 200 patients examined in Rivers State had the Cordylobia infection followed by Cross Rivers State (>86%), Bayelsa (>84%) while Edo, Delta, and Akwa Ibom states showed higher than 82% infection in that order. Our findings showed that women, children, and infants are commonly affected by furuncular myiasis irrespective of skin color, age, blood group, race, sex, genotype, etc. Infection due to C. anthropophaga occurs throughout the year; the rate of infection is higher during the rainy season (when humidity is normally higher) than the dry seasons. Most cases of human myiasis are not reported but treated locally. The Niger Delta populace (especially the areas sampled) consists of people with diverse occupations; some are fishermen, traders, farmers, and refuse disposers. They move from one place to another predisposed to myiasis-causing agents due to the types of work they do. Two major categories of people based on skin color (i.e., white and black skinned) are recognized for this research. People with albinism are also part of the colored African group, however, according to the data, there does not seem to be any difference between them and others. Cordylobia infection is a neglected disease of the Niger Delta region. Therefore, there was the need to know the spread and factors that promote spreading as well as populations of the myiasis-causing agent in the Niger Delta. The data presented here provides good travel information to the Niger Delta region as well as other parts of Nigeria. Human furuncular myiasis affects neonates ranging from 3 to 11 days old, children, and adults in Nigeria. C. anthropophaga maggots penetrate all types of skin; people with albinism, white skin, and black skin. Some of the factors that affect the distribution include unhygienic situations, high humidity, poverty, and use of soiled clothes. Details of our findings are presented. PMID:22861528

  14. STATE of the STATE Survey State of the State SurveyState of the State Survey

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    #12;STATE of the STATE Survey State of the State SurveyState of the State Survey Fall 2008 High Anxiety in MichiganHigh Anxiety in Michigan at Election Time #12;STATE of the STATE Survey State of the State SurveyState of the State Survey Fall 2008 Charles L Ballard Ph DCharles L. Ballard, Ph

  15. STATE of the STATE Survey State of the State SurveyState of the State Survey

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Pocketbook Pessimism;Pocketbook Pessimism; Strong Support for Obama #12;STATE of the STATE Survey State President Obama as "Excellent" orPresident Obama as Excellent or "Good." This is the highest since 20022002 2008 Obama Winter 2009 3.3 10.4 9.7 0 10 0 Excellent Good Fair Poor #12;STATE of the STATE Surveyd

  16. STATE of the STATE Survey State of the State SurveyState of the State Survey

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    ;STATE of the STATE Survey Consumer confidenceConsumer confidence appears to be stable, and even Michigan in Early 2010:Michigan in Early 2010: Confidence in the Economy Improves, But Confidence.6% African-American 31.2% Democrat 23.8% Republican #12;STATE of the STATE Survey Consumer Confidence #12

  17. State of the States 2014

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Education Finance, 2015

    2015-01-01

    Presenters at the State of the States Roundtable session at the 2014 National Education Finance Conference in Louisville were invited to submit their papers for publication. These papers address the following topics: (1) State issues affecting P-12 and/or higher education funding; (2) Funding priorities/trends for P-12 and/or higher education; (3)…

  18. State of the States 2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of Education Finance, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Presenters at the State of the States Roundtable session at the 2014 National Education Finance Conference in Louisville were invited to submit their papers for publication. These papers address the following topics: (1) State issues affecting P-12 and/or higher education funding; (2) Funding priorities/trends for P-12 and/or higher education; (3)…

  19. STATE of the STATE Survey State of the State SurveyState of the State Survey

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    of the STATE Survey Performance: President Obama Fall 2009 30 35 33.0 32.6 20 25 30 23.1 10 15 20 11.2 0 5 10 0.4 42.3 32 4 53.2 44.2 40 50 60 35.4 32.4 27.5 20.5 17.3 10 20 30 Clinton Bush Obama 0 10 Obama #12;STATE of the STATE Survey Performance Good or Excellent: President Obama 70 780 President Obama Fall

  20. State Treasure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Cathy Applefeld

    2013-01-01

    When a music teacher is named Teacher of the Year for an entire state, one just know a special story awaits. The narrative of Heidi Welch, director of music at Hillsboro-Deering High School in New Hampshire, does not disappoint. Welch, who grew up in abject poverty and was often homeless, developed her love of music through memorizing and singing…

  1. Workfare States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peck, Jamie

    This book discusses the evolution of workfare policies in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Chapter 1 defines the term "workfare" and examines the concepts of transnationalizing workfare and workfarist labor regulation. Chapter 2 establishes workfare's theoretical context and explores the relationship between welfare arrangements…

  2. State of the States, 2012: Arts Education State Policy Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arts Education Partnership (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    The "State of the States 2012" summarizes state policies for arts education identified in statute or code for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information is based primarily on results from the AEP Arts Education State Policy Survey conducted in 2010-11, and updated in April 2012.

  3. Coma / Vegetative State

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Vegetative State Email Print Share Coma / Vegetative State Articles Facts About the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States After Severe Brain Injury Brain Trauma, Concussion, and Coma What Is ...

  4. Sonoma State University State American SSALI 1979

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    .664.2324 www.sonoma.edu/music FACEBOOK www.facebook.com/SonomaStateMusic School of Extended & International.664.2742 FACEBOOK www.facebook.com/ssu.ssali SONOMA STATE UNIVERSITY 1801 E. Cotati Avenue Rohnert Park, California

  5. State of the States in Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braddock, David; Hemp, Richard; Rizzolo, Mary Kay

    2008-01-01

    This is the latest edition of the "State of the States in Developmental Disabilities" study--a thorough and the only one of its kind investigation on public spending, revenues, and programmatic trends of intellectual and developmental programs and services within the United States since 1977. Directed by leading researcher, Dr. David Braddock, the…

  6. Separation of Bell states

    E-print Network

    B. C. Sanctuary

    2009-02-15

    The four Bell states can be represented by separable coherent states which are products of individual non-hermitian spin operators. In the absence of interactions, the non-hermitian states are predicted to form a new quantum state of spin magnitude 1/sqrt(2) rather than 1/2. Properties of these states show that an isolated spin is a resonance state with zero net angular momentum, consistent with a point particle. In addition, the Bell states are shown to take on the identical mathematical form when the two spins are bound (local) or unbound (non-local). The bound Bell states are resonances between four states. When the separate, they do so from only one of its resonance states and their ensemble average defines the unbound Bell states. The bound and unbound Bell states have the same mathematical form due to the persistence of the rotationally invariance of sigma(1)dot sigma(2).

  7. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact 5-Year Rate Changes > Error Message - Invalid URL State Cancer

  8. Stats of the States

    MedlinePLUS

    ... rates for fatal drug poisonings. Death Rates from Firearm Injuries: United States, 2013 - The latest state-based age-adjusted death rates for firearm-related fatalities. Death Rates from Homicide: United States, ...

  9. Qutrit Magic State Distillation

    E-print Network

    Anwar, Hussain; Browne, Dan E

    2012-01-01

    Magic state distillation (MSD) is a purification protocol that plays a central role in fault tolerant quantum computation. Repeated iteration of the steps of a MSD protocol, generates pure single non-stabilizer states, or magic states, from multiple copies of a mixed resource state using stabilizer operations only. Thus mixed resource states promote the stabilizer operations to full universality. Magic state distillation was introduced for qubit-based quantum computation, but little has been known concerning MSD in higher dimensional qudit-based computation. Here, we describe a general approach for studying MSD in higher dimensions. We use it to investigate the features of a qutrit MSD protocol based on the 5-qutrit stabilizer code. We show that this protocol distills non-stabilizer magic states, and identify two types of states, that are attractors of this iteration map. Finally, we show how these states may be converted, via stabilizer circuits alone, into a state suitable for state injected implementation ...

  10. United States of Agriculture

    E-print Network

    , and a Ph.D. degree in botany (plant ecology) from Colorado State University. He joined the Forest Service.S. degree in botany at Idaho State University, and a Ph.D. degree in crop science at Oregon State University Research Work Unit at Boise, ID. He received a B.S. degree in botany from Weber State College. He joined

  11. The Pennsylvania State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burlingame, Philip J.; Dowhower, Andrea L.

    2009-01-01

    Founded in 1855 as the Farmer's High School, the Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) began as a small college in Centre County providing agricultural education to young men from regional farm families. Penn State became a land-grant university in 1863 following passage of the Morrill Act. Today, Penn State enrolls more than 83,000 students…

  12. State by State : automated alignment and analysis of state statutes

    E-print Network

    Hynes, Zachary (Zachary K.)

    2014-01-01

    In this work, we explore text alignment with the context of the legal domain and outline several new tasks designed to make comparison and analysis of inhomogenous state statute hierarchies easier. We explore the unique ...

  13. The State of State Science Standards, 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, Paul R.

    2005-01-01

    Until now, the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) has focused everyone's attention on reading and math--and on whether schools are making "adequate yearly progress" in those two core subjects. Although some states incorporate additional subjects into their own accountability systems, reading and math have dominated most discussions of state

  14. State of BSE in the United States

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This brief article describes the state of BSE is the United States. Unlike Canada, the two native-born US cases of BSE are atypical and found in very old animals. The US has screened 400,000 animals and found three positive cases, only two were native born. These and other measures have been evaluat...

  15. Nonclassical polarization states

    SciTech Connect

    Luis, Alfredo

    2006-06-15

    We study nonclassical polarization states characterized by polarization distributions taking negative values. We consider two different families of polarization distributions that include polarization analogs of the Wigner function. We apply different measures of nonclassical behavior such as the nonclassical depth and the distance of the polarization distribution to its modulus. This approach is applied to relevant quantum field states such as one-photon states, SU(2) coherent states, quadrature coherent states, and twin number states. We examine observables allowing the detection of the negativity of the polarization distributions.

  16. Most energetic passive states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perarnau-Llobet, Martí; Hovhannisyan, Karen V.; Huber, Marcus; Skrzypczyk, Paul; Tura, Jordi; Acín, Antonio

    2015-10-01

    Passive states are defined as those states that do not allow for work extraction in a cyclic (unitary) process. Within the set of passive states, thermal states are the most stable ones: they maximize the entropy for a given energy, and similarly they minimize the energy for a given entropy. Here we find the passive states lying in the other extreme, i.e., those that maximize the energy for a given entropy, which we show also minimize the entropy when the energy is fixed. These extremal properties make these states useful to obtain fundamental bounds for the thermodynamics of finite-dimensional quantum systems, which we show in several scenarios.

  17. State-Chart Autocoder

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clark, Kenneth; Watney, Garth; Murray, Alexander; Benowitz, Edward

    2007-01-01

    A computer program translates Unified Modeling Language (UML) representations of state charts into source code in the C, C++, and Python computing languages. ( State charts signifies graphical descriptions of states and state transitions of a spacecraft or other complex system.) The UML representations constituting the input to this program are generated by using a UML-compliant graphical design program to draw the state charts. The generated source code is consistent with the "quantum programming" approach, which is so named because it involves discrete states and state transitions that have features in common with states and state transitions in quantum mechanics. Quantum programming enables efficient implementation of state charts, suitable for real-time embedded flight software. In addition to source code, the autocoder program generates a graphical-user-interface (GUI) program that, in turn, generates a display of state transitions in response to events triggered by the user. The GUI program is wrapped around, and can be used to exercise the state-chart behavior of, the generated source code. Once the expected state-chart behavior is confirmed, the generated source code can be augmented with a software interface to the rest of the software with which the source code is required to interact.

  18. The Welfare State vs. the Redistributive State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plattner, Marc F.

    1979-01-01

    While the principles of progressive taxation and the welfare state have come to be almost universally accepted, it would be a serious error to infer that American policy has ever embraced the idea of income redistribution. (Author)

  19. Stabilizer state breeding

    SciTech Connect

    Hostens, Erik; Dehaene, Jeroen; Moor, Bart de

    2006-12-15

    We present a breeding protocol that distills pure copies of any stabilizer state from noisy copies and a pool of predistilled pure copies of the same state, by means of local Clifford operations, Pauli measurements, and classical communication.

  20. Stabilizer state breeding

    E-print Network

    Erik Hostens; Jeroen Dehaene; Bart De Moor

    2006-08-18

    We present a breeding protocol that distills pure copies of any stabilizer state from noisy copies and a pool of predistilled pure copies of the same state, by means of local Clifford operations, Pauli measurements and classical communication.

  1. Health, United States, 2014

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Home Publications and Information Products Health, United States, 2014 Health, United States is an annual report on trends in health statistics. 2014 Edition What's New! Complete Report At a Glance ...

  2. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Historical Trends Historical Trends Data Options Area: ---

  3. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact 5-Year Rate Changes 5-Year Rate Changes Data Options Area:

  4. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Mortality Tables Death Rates Table Data Options Area: US

  5. State Cancer Profiles > > Table

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Incidence > Table Incidence Rates Table Data Options Area:

  6. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Demographics Data Topics: Demographics Interactive Maps Maps

  7. State Cancer Profiles > > Table

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Demographics > Table Demographics Table Data Options Area:

  8. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Interactive Maps Interactive Maps Data Options Area: US

  9. New State Standards 

    E-print Network

    Lopez, F. A.

    2011-01-01

    . Code ? State that SECO shall establish and publish mandatory energy and water conservation design standards for each new state building or major renovation project ? SECO shall define ?major renovation project? and shall review and update... and water conservation design standards that SECO has adopted under this chapter, when constructing new state buildings or conducting major renovations of existing state buildings. 4 CATEE-Dallas 11-09-2011 Texas Administrative Code (TAC) Amended ?19...

  10. One State, Two State, Red State, Blue State: Education Funding Accounts for Outcome Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meece, Darrell

    2008-01-01

    Using publically available data, states coded as "blue" based upon results from the 2004 presidential election were significantly higher in education funding than were states coded as "red." Students in blue states scored significantly higher on outcome measures of math and reading in grades four and eight in 2004 and 2007 than did students in red…

  11. NOON states in cavities

    E-print Network

    D. Rodríguez-Méndez; H. M. Moya-Cessa

    2013-04-24

    We show how NOON states may be generated entangling two cavities by passing atoms through them. The atoms interact with each cavity via two-photon resonant transitions. We take advantage of the fact that depending on the state the atom enter (excite or ground), it leaves or takes two photons per interaction and leaves the cavities in a pure state.

  12. Changing State Digital Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pappas, Marjorie L.

    2006-01-01

    Research has shown that state virtual or digital libraries are evolving into websites that are loaded with free resources, subscription databases, and instructional tools. In this article, the author explores these evolving libraries based on the following questions: (1) How user-friendly are the state digital libraries?; (2) How do state digital…

  13. State Education Governance Structures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthy, Martha; And Others

    This report addresses one aspect of education governance--state-level governance structures across states. This report explores in depth the formal relationships among those holding official positions in state education governance and how such relationships have changed over time. The information in this report is derived from three sources:…

  14. Black brane steady states

    E-print Network

    Irene Amado; Amos Yarom

    2015-08-02

    We follow the evolution of an asymptotically AdS black brane with a fixed temperature gradient at spatial infinity until a steady state is formed. The resulting energy density and energy flux of the steady state in the boundary theory are compared to a conjecture on the behavior of steady states in conformal field theories. Very good agreement is found.

  15. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    A natural reaction of some readers when looking at charts that rank their state's cancer rates is to seek explanations as to why their state has higher incidence rates for some cancers than other states or than the national average. Some may be alarmed that exposure to environmental carcinogens may be responsible when in fact there are several other more likely explanations.

  16. State Standards and Evolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Randy

    2004-01-01

    Throughout the United States various individuals and groups have tried to subvert science education by removing or weakening the treatment of evolution in state science-education standards. Most states' science-education standards support the teaching of evolution, but many in the general public and some policymakers want science classrooms to…

  17. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Center for Urban Forest Research, 1731 of Agriculture, Forest Service, State and Private Forestry, Urban and Community Forestry Program; the StateUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General

  18. Fault Tolerant State Machines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burke, Gary R.; Taft, Stephanie

    2004-01-01

    State machines are commonly used to control sequential logic in FPGAs and ASKS. An errant state machine can cause considerable damage to the device it is controlling. For example in space applications, the FPGA might be controlling Pyros, which when fired at the wrong time will cause a mission failure. Even a well designed state machine can be subject to random errors us a result of SEUs from the radiation environment in space. There are various ways to encode the states of a state machine, and the type of encoding makes a large difference in the susceptibility of the state machine to radiation. In this paper we compare 4 methods of state machine encoding and find which method gives the best fault tolerance, as well as determining the resources needed for each method.

  19. Universal quantum state merging

    E-print Network

    Igor Bjelakovi?; Holger Boche; Gisbert Janßen

    2013-02-26

    We determine the optimal entanglement rate of quantum state merging when assuming that the state is unknown except for its membership in a certain set of states. We find that merging is possible at the lowest rate allowed by the individual states. Additionally, we establish a lower bound for the classical cost of state merging under state uncertainty. To this end we give an elementary proof for the cost in case of a perfectly known state which makes no use of the "resource framework". As applications of our main result, we determine the capacity for one-way entanglement distillation if the source is not perfectly known. Moreover, we give another achievability proof for the entanglement generation capacity over compound quantum channels.

  20. Quantum State Engineering Via Coherent-State Superpositions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Janszky, Jozsef; Adam, P.; Szabo, S.; Domokos, P.

    1996-01-01

    The quantum interference between the two parts of the optical Schrodinger-cat state makes possible to construct a wide class of quantum states via discrete superpositions of coherent states. Even a small number of coherent states can approximate the given quantum states at a high accuracy when the distance between the coherent states is optimized, e. g. nearly perfect Fock state can be constructed by discrete superpositions of n + 1 coherent states lying in the vicinity of the vacuum state.

  1. State Technologies Advancement Collaborative

    SciTech Connect

    David S. Terry

    2012-01-30

    The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), and Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) signed an intergovernmental agreement on November 14, 2002, that allowed states and territories and the Federal Government to better collaborate on energy research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D) projects. The agreement established the State Technologies Advancement Collaborative (STAC) which allowed the states and DOE to move RDD&D forward using an innovative competitive project selection and funding process. A cooperative agreement between DOE and NASEO served as the contracting instrument for this innovative federal-state partnership obligating funds from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of Fossil Energy to plan, fund, and implement RDD&D projects that were consistent with the common priorities of the states and DOE. DOE's Golden Field Office provided Federal oversight and guidance for the STAC cooperative agreement. The STAC program was built on the foundation of prior Federal-State efforts to collaborate on and engage in joint planning for RDD&D. Although STAC builds on existing, successful programs, it is important to note that it was not intended to replace other successful joint DOE/State initiatives such as the State Energy Program or EERE Special Projects. Overall the STAC process was used to fund, through three competitive solicitations, 35 successful multi-state research, development, deployment, and demonstration projects with an overall average non-federal cost share of 43%. Twenty-two states were awarded at least one prime contract, and organizations in all 50 states and some territories were involved as subcontractors in at least one STAC project. Projects were funded in seven program areas: (1) Building Technologies, (2) Industrial Technologies, (3) Transportation Technologies, (4) Distributed Energy Resources, (5) Hydrogen Technology Learning Centers, (6) Fossil Energy, and (7) Rebuild America.

  2. Quantum State Smoothing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guevara, Ivonne; Wiseman, Howard

    2015-10-01

    Smoothing is an estimation method whereby a classical state (probability distribution for classical variables) at a given time is conditioned on all-time (both earlier and later) observations. Here we define a smoothed quantum state for a partially monitored open quantum system, conditioned on an all-time monitoring-derived record. We calculate the smoothed distribution for a hypothetical unobserved record which, when added to the real record, would complete the monitoring, yielding a pure-state "quantum trajectory." Averaging the pure state over this smoothed distribution yields the (mixed) smoothed quantum state. We study how the choice of actual unraveling affects the purity increase over that of the conventional (filtered) state conditioned only on the past record.

  3. Painlevé IV coherent states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bermudez, David; Contreras-Astorga, Alonso; Fernández C., David J.

    2014-11-01

    A simple way to find solutions of the Painlevé IV equation is by identifying Hamiltonian systems with third-order differential ladder operators. Some of these systems can be obtained by applying supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) to the harmonic oscillator. In this work, we will construct families of coherent states for such subset of SUSY partner Hamiltonians which are connected with the Painlevé IV equation. First, these coherent states are built up as eigenstates of the annihilation operator, then as displaced versions of the extremal states, both involving the related third-order ladder operators, and finally as extremal states which are also displaced but now using the so called linearized ladder operators. To each SUSY partner Hamiltonian corresponds two families of coherent states: one inside the infinite subspace associated with the isospectral part of the spectrum and another one in the finite subspace generated by the states created through the SUSY technique.

  4. The State of State Science Standards, 2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lerner, Lawrence S.; Goodenough, Ursula; Lynch, John; Schwartz, Martha; Schwartz, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This report examines K-12 science standards for fifty states and the District of Columbia, as well as the science assessment framework of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The reviewers' aim is to evaluate them for their intrinsic clarity, completeness, and scientific correctness. Their earlier evaluations, as well as those…

  5. SF State Probation Study, February 2013 SF State Probation Study

    E-print Network

    SF State Probation Study, February 2013 Page 1 February 2013 SF State Probation Study Fall Cohorts . e d u #12;SF State Probation Study, February 2013 Page 2 Table of Contents Executive Summary................................................................................................................... 5 SF State Probation Policy

  6. Painlevé IV coherent states

    SciTech Connect

    Bermudez, David; Contreras-Astorga, Alonso; Fernández C, David J.

    2014-11-15

    A simple way to find solutions of the Painlevé IV equation is by identifying Hamiltonian systems with third-order differential ladder operators. Some of these systems can be obtained by applying supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) to the harmonic oscillator. In this work, we will construct families of coherent states for such subset of SUSY partner Hamiltonians which are connected with the Painlevé IV equation. First, these coherent states are built up as eigenstates of the annihilation operator, then as displaced versions of the extremal states, both involving the related third-order ladder operators, and finally as extremal states which are also displaced but now using the so called linearized ladder operators. To each SUSY partner Hamiltonian corresponds two families of coherent states: one inside the infinite subspace associated with the isospectral part of the spectrum and another one in the finite subspace generated by the states created through the SUSY technique. - Highlights: • We use SUSY QM to obtain Hamiltonians with third-order differential ladder operators. • We show that these systems are related with the Painlevé IV equation. • We apply different definitions of coherent states to these Hamiltonians using the third-order ladder operators and some linearized ones. • We construct families of coherent states for such systems, which we called Painlevé IV coherent states.

  7. San Jose State + Athletic Facilities Plan San Jose State University

    E-print Network

    Su, Xiao

    San Jose State + Athletic Facilities Plan San Jose State University South Campus Facilities Jose 95112 San Jose State University South Campus Facilities Development Plan San Jose State University April 2014 #12;San Jose State + South Campus Facilities Development Plan #12;3 San Jose State + South

  8. Assisted Living State Regulatory Review

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Periodicals State Regulatory Review Webinars Assisted Living State Regulatory Review Page Content NCAL will not be publishing ... provided on the NCAL website. Assisted Living State Regulatory Reviews 2013 Assisted Living State Regulatory Review 2012 ...

  9. Homeless Student State Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blesh, Robert E.

    This grant application requests $50,000 from the Federal Government under the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act, Title VIIB, for the Connecticut State Department of Education to continue the Office of Coordinator of Education and Homeless Children and Youth for fiscal year 1989-90. Based on data collected by the State Departments of…

  10. Education and Fragile States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirk, Jackie

    2007-01-01

    Within the fragile states agendas and policies of development agencies and organisations education is of concern; education is a social service sector in which the impacts of state fragility are significant, in terms of access and quality of provision for children, working conditions and support for teachers, good governance and legitimacy for the…

  11. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    improvement, energy conservation, stormwater interception, and atmospheric carbon dioxide reduction is dedicated to the principle of multiple use management of the Nation's forest resources for sustained yields; the State of Nevada, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Division of Forestry; the State

  12. Equity and States' Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howe, Harold, II

    In this address the U.S. Commissioner of Education discusses the changing nature of the relationship of Federal, State , and local governments to education. He states that the increasing tendency of mayors, governors, and school superintendents to rely heavily on the Federal government for solutions to educational problems should be reversed. The…

  13. Healthcare. State Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

    2012-01-01

    This report projects education requirements linked to forecasted job growth in healthcare by state and the District of Columbia from 2010 through 2020. It complements a larger national report which projects educational demand for healthcare for the same time period. The national report shows that with or without Obamacare, the United States will…

  14. Centennial State Libraries, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parent, Kathleen D., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This document consists of 12 consecutive issues of the monthly "Centennial State Libraries" newsletter, of the Colorado Department of Education, State Library and Adult Education Office. The issues cover the year 1998. Each issue of the newsletter--except the August issue which is an Annual Report--includes some or all of the following sections:…

  15. Solid State Division

    SciTech Connect

    Green, P.H.; Watson, D.M.

    1989-08-01

    This report contains brief discussions on work done in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The topics covered are: Theoretical Solid State Physics; Neutron scattering; Physical properties of materials; The synthesis and characterization of materials; Ion beam and laser processing; and Structure of solids and surfaces. (LSP)

  16. The State Regulatory Picture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albright, Brenda N.

    1998-01-01

    A national survey of 31 college business officers at state and land-grant colleges and universities finds that, although several states have given greater management flexibility to colleges and universities, many campuses operate in a highly regulated mode, with layers of external, and frequently internal, rules. Most difficult business officers…

  17. Getting State Legislation Enacted

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ochs, Mike

    2005-01-01

    One of the most important tasks an organization can take on is assisting in getting a law passed at the state level. Many times, passing a state law can be a critical first step to passing federal legislation on the same topic. Completing the various steps to bring a law to Congress can take anywhere from five to ten years, or even longer. Because…

  18. Governor of (City), (State)

    E-print Network

    authority is voluntary on the part of the State, it is the policy of the Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Enclosure cc: Director, State Air Pollution Control Agency #12;ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY are available for public inspection at the Environmental Protection Agency, Region Office (Address

  19. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    and protects the 187-million-acre National Forest System for sustained yield of its many products and services- prove the Nation's 395 million acres of State, local, and private forest lands. . . . ManagesUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range

  20. State Cancer Profiles > > Table

    Cancer.gov

    This web site provides estimates and projections of cancer prevalence for all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia (D.C.), based on a statistical method that uses state-specific mortality data and cancer survival. The prevalence statistics presented are prevalence counts, prevalence percents and age-adjusted prevalence percents.

  1. Grid State Estimation Tool

    SciTech Connect

    2014-10-09

    This software code is designed to track generator state variables in real time using the Ensemble Kalman Filter method with the aid of PMU measurements. This code can also be used to calibrate dynamic model parameters by augmenting parameters in the state variable vector.

  2. State initiatives in state-Federal relations

    SciTech Connect

    Standish, T.K.

    1980-05-01

    Based upon historical analysis, this paper examines the proper role of regulation at the state, regional, and federal levels of government. Four areas of inquiry are highlighted by the so-called crises in public utility industries. The first question is whether there should be a shift from passive to active regulation. Second, is increased regulatory power needed at regional and Federal levels of government in order to achieve an appropriate balance between state, regional, and Federal government, or does overcentralization breed economic inefficiency and autocratic decisions. Third, should regulators have a higher degree of power and control over private-utility companies to accomplish objectives mandated by state legislatures and Congress, or is the real problem that private incentives have not been given enough leeway to solve the problems that confront us. And, fourth, if we are to address today's opportunities, should planning efficiency and public interest norms displace the time-honored competitive-market standards of economic efficiency and social justice as the basis for regulatory decisions. At the root of these issues, there is a clash between those arguing for the use of a planning paradigm to solve economic problems and those advocating reliance upon market forces. Economic imperatives lead us to expect a continuation of a trend which resolves the market/nonmarket balance in favor of more government participation. Hence, the scope of state initiatives and the range of opportunities for policy action, will in fact, be defined by economic forces larger than the current debate on the issues. 8 references.

  3. The Triplet State

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zahlan, A. B.

    2010-01-01

    Preface; List of participants; Part I. Spin-orbit Coupling and Intersystem Crossing: 1. Spin-orbit interactions in organic molecules; 2. Singlet-triplet transitions in organic molecules; 3. Triplet decay and intersystem crossing in aromatic hydrocarbons; 4. Statistical aspects of resonance energy transfer; Discussion; Part II. Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic Interactions: 5. Magnetic resonance spectra of organic molecules in triplet states in single crystals; 6. Magnetic interactions related to phosphorescence; 7. ESR investigations of naphthalene-d8:Naphthalene-h8 mixed crystals; 8. Biradicals and polyradicals in the nitroxide series; 9. Changes induced in the phosphorescent radiation of aromatic molecules by paramagnetic resonance in their metastable triplet states; 10. Paramagnetic resonance of the triplet state of tetramethylpyrazine; 11. On magnetic dipole contributions to the intrinsic S0 = T1 transition in simple aromatics; Discussion; Part III. Photochemistry: 12. The kinetics of energy transfer from the triplet state in rigid solutions; 13. Triplet states in gas-phase photochemistry; 14. Biphotonic photochemistry, involving the triplet state: polarisation of the effective T-T transition and solvent effects; 15. Direct and sensitised photo-oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons in boric acid glass; Discussion; Part IV. Radiationless Transitions: 16. Radiationless transitions in gaseous benzene; 17. Low-lying excited triplet states and intersystem crossing in aromatic hydrocarbons; 18. De-excitation rates of triplet states in condensed media; 19. Lifetimes of the triplet state of aromatic hydrocarbons in the vapour phase; Discussion; Part V. Triplet Excitons: 20. Some comments on the properties of triplet excitons in molecular crystals; 21. Exact treatment of coherent and incoherent triplet exciton migration; 22. Magnetic susceptibility of a system of triplet excitons: Würster's Blue Perchlorate; 23. A study of triplet excitons in anthracene crystals under laser excitation; 24. The electronic states in crystaline anthracene; Discussion; Part VI. Delayed Fluorescent and Phosphorescence: 25. Delayed fluorescence of solutions; 26. The kinetics of the excited states of anthracene and phenanthrene vapor; 27. Optical investigations of the triplet states of naphthalene in different crystalline environments; 28. Excitation of the triplet states of organic molecules; 29. The delayed luminescence and triplet quantum yields of pyrene solutions; 30. Triplet state studies of some polyphenyls in rigid glasses; 31. Decay time of delayed fluorescence of anthracene as a function of temperature (2-30ºK); 32. Energy transfer between benzene and biacetyl and the lifetime of triplet benzene in the gas phase; 33. Charge transfer triplet state of molecular complexes. 34. Flash-photolytic detection of triplet acridine formed by energy transfer from biacetyl; 35. Extinction coefficients of triplet-triplet transitions between 3000 and 8800 A in anthracene; 36. Anthracene triplet-triplet annihilation rate constant; Discussion; Part VII. Triplet State Related to Biology: 37. ESR and optical studies of some triplet states of biological interest; 38. The triplet state of DNA; 39. Some characteristics of the triplet states of the nucleic bases; Discussion; Indexes.

  4. Fermi Markov states

    E-print Network

    Francesco Fidaleo

    2010-02-22

    We investigate the structure of the Markov states on general Fermion algebras. The situation treated in the present paper covers, beyond the d--Markov states on the CAR algebra on Z (i.e. when there are d--annihilators and creators on each site), also the non homogeneous case (i.e. when the numbers of generators depends on the localization). The present analysis provides the first necessary step for the study of the general properties, and the construction of nontrivial examples of Fermi Markov states on the d--standard lattice, that is the Fermi Markov fields. Natural connections with the KMS boundary condition and entropy of Fermi Markov states are studied in detail. Apart from a class of Markov states quite similar to those arising in the tensor product algebras (called "strongly even" in the sequel), other interesting examples of Fermi Markov states naturally appear. Contrarily to the strongly even examples, the latter are highly entangled and it is expected that they describe interactions which are not "commuting nearest neighbor". Therefore, the non strongly even Markov states, in addition to the natural applications to quantum statistical mechanics, might be of interest for the information theory as well.

  5. State Organ Donation Legislation

    MedlinePLUS

    ... State Revenue Sources Legal Consent ME/C Facilitation Donation Education Living Donor Support Voluntary Contributions State-Provided Funds UAGA Version Donor Designation Registries Driver’s Lic. Schools Driver Education Tax Benefit Leave of Absence Public Private Total: ... HRSA.gov's privacy protection may not be available at the external link. The information contained in this Web site is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Because the charts in this Web site represent only a general summary of the legislation described and because legislation in this area changes often, we recommend that you consult with your local organ procurement organization or your State Attorney General's Office ...

  6. State Gasoline Taxes

    E-print Network

    Learned, Edmund Philip

    1925-03-15

    stream_size 180156 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name humseries.3-4.State_Gasoline_Taxes.pdf.txt stream_source_info humseries.3-4.State_Gasoline_Taxes.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8... BULLETIN OF THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS HUMANISTIC STUDIES Vol. III March 15, 192S No. 4 State Gasoline Taxes BY KDMUNI) IV LKAENKI), A. B., A, M. Instructor in Economics and Commerce The Unlvmity of Kansas PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY l...

  7. Locally maximally entangleable states and W-type states

    E-print Network

    Ri Qu; Juan Wang; Yan-ru Bao; Zong-shang Li

    2013-06-04

    We investigate the relationship between locally maximally entangleable (LME) states and W-type states which are equivalent to a W state under stochastic local operations and classical communication (SLOCC). We prove that (i) some special W-type states of three qubits are LME; and (ii) no W-type state of four and more qubits is LME. Our results show that the W state of four and more qubits cannot be prepared by using LME states under SLOCC. However, for three qubits some special LME states can be used to prepare the W state under SLOCC.

  8. The Organic Solid State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Dwaine O.; Wlygul, Frank M.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews interesting and useful electrical, magnetic, and optical properties of the organic solid state. Offers speculation as to areas of fruitful research. Discusses organic superconductors, conducting organic polymers, organic metals, and traces recent history of creation of organic metals. (JM)

  9. State Air Quality Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollution Engineering, 1978

    1978-01-01

    This article presents in tabular form the air quality standards for sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, photochemicals, non-methane hydrocarbons and particulates for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. (CS)

  10. Videoconferencing at Penn State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, David L.

    1987-01-01

    Describes efforts underway at Pennsylvania State University to link branch campuses using compressed videoconferencing. Discusses the plans for using this technology for a variety of administrative and instructional purposes. Outlines the costs associated with developing such a system. (TW)

  11. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    and potential effects of humans on the species' habitats. Future research needs and possible management, DC 20090-6090. #12;Federal Recycling Program Printed on Recycled Paper UnitedStates Departmentof

  12. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    , and an emergence of novel desert habitat in eastern Sierra Nevada by the end of the 21 st century. Finally, we and impacts relevant to eastern California, from the global scale to the state level, then focus on the Sierra

  13. Quantum Physics: Altered States 

    E-print Network

    Haw, Mark

    2002-06-27

    Stand by for a new state of matter — according to some predictions, it could be created in the next few months. In a handful of laboratories around the world, physicists are trying to persuade antisocial atoms to pair ...

  14. Negative-ion states

    SciTech Connect

    Compton, R.N.

    1982-01-01

    In this brief review, we discuss some of the properties of atomic and molecular negative ions and their excited states. Experiments involving photon reactions with negative ions and polar dissociation are summarized. 116 references, 14 figures.

  15. NetState

    SciTech Connect

    2005-09-01

    NetState is a distributed network monitoring system. It uses passive sensors to develop status information on a target network. Two major features provided by NetState are version and port tracking. Version tracking maintains information about software and operating systems versions. Port tracking identifies information about active TOP and UDP ports. Multiple NetState sniffers can be deployed, one at each entry point of the target network. The sniffers monitor network traffic, then send the information to the NetState server. The information is stored in centralized database which can then be accessed via standard SQL database queries or this web-based GUI, for further analysis and display.

  16. Localized Quantum States

    E-print Network

    Francois Ziegler

    2014-04-11

    Let X be a symplectic manifold and Aut(L) the automorphism group of a Kostant-Souriau line bundle on X. *Quantum states for X*, as defined by J.-M. Souriau in the 1990s, are certain positive-definite functions on Aut(L) or, less ambitiously, on any "large enough" subgroup G of Aut(L). This definition has two major drawbacks: when G=Aut(L) there are no known examples; and when G is a Lie subgroup the notion is, as we shall see, far from selective enough. In this paper we introduce the concept of a quantum state *localized at Y*, where Y is a coadjoint orbit of a subgroup H of G. We show that such states exist, and tend to be unique when Y has lagrangian preimage in X. This solves, in a number of cases, A. Weinstein's "fundamental quantization problem" of attaching state vectors to lagrangian submanifolds.

  17. Multipartite secure state distribution

    SciTech Connect

    Duer, W.; Briegel, H.-J.; Calsamiglia, J.

    2005-04-01

    We introduce the distribution of a secret multipartite entangled state in a real-world scenario as a quantum primitive. We show that in the presence of noisy quantum channels (and noisy control operations), any state chosen from the set of two-colorable graph states (Calderbank-Shor-Steane codewords) can be created with high fidelity while it remains unknown to all parties. This is accomplished by either blind multipartite entanglement purification, which we introduce in this paper, or by multipartite entanglement purification of enlarged states, which offers advantages over an alternative scheme based on standard channel purification and teleportation. The parties are thus provided with a secret resource of their choice for distributed secure applications.

  18. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    inventory data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service's Forest Inventory and Analysis and sinks in the United States can be identified. International treaties on greenhouse gas reduction require

  19. NetState

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    2005-09-01

    NetState is a distributed network monitoring system. It uses passive sensors to develop status information on a target network. Two major features provided by NetState are version and port tracking. Version tracking maintains information about software and operating systems versions. Port tracking identifies information about active TOP and UDP ports. Multiple NetState sniffers can be deployed, one at each entry point of the target network. The sniffers monitor network traffic, then send the information tomore »the NetState server. The information is stored in centralized database which can then be accessed via standard SQL database queries or this web-based GUI, for further analysis and display.« less

  20. Bracket states for communication protocols with coherent states

    E-print Network

    Olivares, Stefano

    Bracket states for communication protocols with coherent states Alessia Allevi* Department at a receiver in a typical coherent-state-based communication channel. We show that when a bracket state Coherent states of light play a relevant role in practical communication protocols. One of the main

  1. State Online College Job Market: Ranking the States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony; Jayasundera, Tamara; Repnikov, Dmitri; Gulish, Artem

    2015-01-01

    "State Online College Job Market: Ranking the States" analyzes the online college labor market on a state-by-state basis. We examine the geographic distribution of online job ads for college graduates within industries and occupational clusters, and compare the relative strength of the online college labor market across states. We…

  2. 7 CFR 3550.6 - State law or State supplement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State law or State supplement. 3550.6 Section 3550.6 Agriculture...FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.6 State law or State supplement. State and local laws and...

  3. 7 CFR 3550.6 - State law or State supplement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false State law or State supplement. 3550.6 Section 3550.6 Agriculture...FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.6 State law or State supplement. State and local laws and...

  4. Intranets and Extranets at State Libraries in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolt, Nancy M.

    This paper is an analysis of Intranets and Extranets at selected state libraries in the United States. The paper does not review World Wide Web sites designed for use by the general public; rather, it focuses on Web sites designed and delivered by the state library to a targeted audience, typically state government employees, state library…

  5. State Budgetary Assumptions. State Fiscal Brief No. 36.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd, Donald J.; Davis, Elizabeth I.

    When states prepare their budgets, they usually base revenue and expenditure projections upon forecasts of national and state economic and demographic trends. This brief presents findings of a Center for the Study of the States survey that asked state budget offices what they were assuming for many key variables. The survey obtained 41 state

  6. State responses to biotechnology.

    PubMed

    Harris, Rebecca C

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews biotechnology legislation in the 50 states for 11 policy areas spanning 1990-2010, an era of immense growth in biotechnology, genetic knowledge, and significant policy development. Policies regarding health insurance, life insurance, long-term care insurance, DNA data bank collection, biotech research protection, biotech promotion and support, employment discrimination, genetic counselor licensing, human cloning, and genetic privacy each represent major policy responses arising from biotechnology and coinciding with key areas of state regulation (insurance, criminal justice, economic development, labor law, health and safety, privacy, and property rights). This analysis seeks to answer three questions regarding biotechnology legislation at the state level: who is acting (policy adoption), when is policy adopted (policy timing), and what is policy doing (policy content). Theoretical concerns examine state ideology (conservative or liberal), policy type (economic or moral), and the role of external events (federal law, news events, etc.) on state policy adoption. Findings suggest ideological patterns in adoption, timing, and content of biotech policy. Findings also suggest economic policies tend to be more uniform in content than moral policies, and findings also document a clear link between federal policy development, external events, and state policy response. PMID:26399943

  7. Quantum State Smoothing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wiseman, Howard

    2015-03-01

    Under noisy observations, one can estimate the state of the measured system, if its a priori statistics are given. In the continuous time situation, three different types of estimation can be distinguished: filtering, which is estimating of the state at time t from earlier records; retro-filtering, which is estimating it from later records; and smoothing, which is estimating it from both earlier and later records. Of the three, smoothing allows the greatest precision. Smoothing has been well developed in classical systems, but its application to quantum systems is very recent. Previous works have used the term ``quantum smoothing'' to mean estimating classical parameters, [Tsang, Phys. Rev. Lett 102, 250403 (2009); Yonezawa et al., Science 337, 1514-1517 (2012)]. This is essentially classical smoothing in which the noisy observation of the classical parameters is mediated by a quantum system. Here we introduce quantum state smoothing, where the state of a partially observed open quantum system itself is smoothed. We achieve this by applying classical smoothing to a hypothetical unobserved noisy measurement record that induces (in part) the stochastic dynamics (``quantum trajectories'') of the system. Using the formalism of linear quantum trajectories, we simulate quantum state smoothing for a qubit, and quantify how well it works. Our investigations shed new light on the nature of open quantum systems and the applicability of classical concepts. Applications to continuous measurement of solid-state qubits will be presented. Supported by the Australian Research Council Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology.

  8. The Association between State Attachment Security and State Mindfulness

    PubMed Central

    Pepping, Christopher A.; Davis, Penelope J.; O’Donovan, Analise

    2015-01-01

    Recent research suggests that attachment and mindfulness are related, though the nature of this association is unclear. Here we present two studies examining whether there is a causal relationship between state attachment and state mindfulness. Study 1 investigated the effects of experimentally increasing state mindfulness on state attachment security. State mindfulness was successfully enhanced, but this led to no change in state attachment security. Study 2 investigated the effects of experimentally enhancing state attachment security on state mindfulness. State attachment security was successfully enhanced, but this did not lead to any change in state mindfulness. These findings suggest that there is not a direct, immediate causal relationship between state attachment and state mindfulness as a result of brief experimental manipulations. Future research should examine these associations in longer term interventions. PMID:25786134

  9. 7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

  10. 7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

  11. 7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

  12. 7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

  13. 7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States....

  14. Superpowers and client states

    SciTech Connect

    Efrat, M.; Bercovitch, J.

    1987-01-01

    Throughout the world the two superpowers often conduct their global conflict by proxy, taking different sides in regional disputes. An important question of international relations is where the balance of power lies in the superpower client state relationship-how far are the interests of the superpower subordinated to those of the client state or vice versa. Taking the two case studies of the US-Israel relationship and the Soviet-Syrian relationship, this book explores the perceptions by each side of the relationship and the reality. It goes on to make general conclusions about superpower-client state relationships. Contents: Introduction; In Search of a Theoretical Framework; Client-States in Superpower Perception; Superpowers in Client States' Perception; The Case of US-Israel Relations; Israel in US Perspective; The USA in Israeli Perspective; Flows of US Civilian and Military Resources to Israel; The Case of Soviet-Syrian Relations; Syria in Soviet Perspective; The USSR in Syrian Perspective; Flows of Soviet Civilian and Military Resources to Syria; Comparative Analysis and Conclusions; Overview of the two cases studies and conclusions.

  15. METHODOLOGICAL REPORT MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    ], made the Michigan State University State of the State survey [MSU SOSS] a reality by promoting the idea, IPPSR hopes to provide baselines for assessing change in the people's sources of satisfaction

  16. Information Equation of State

    E-print Network

    Paul Gough

    2008-08-07

    Landauer's principle is applied to information in the universe. Once stars began forming, the increasing proportion of matter at high stellar temperatures compensated for the expanding universe to provide a near constant information energy density. The information equation of state was close to the dark energy value, w = -1, for a wide range of redshifts, 10> z >0.8, over one half of cosmic time. A reasonable universe information bit content of only 10^87 bits is sufficient for information energy to account for all dark energy. A time varying equation of state with a direct link between dark energy and matter, and linked to star formation in particular, is clearly relevant to the cosmic coincidence problem.In answering the "Why now?" question we wonder "What next?" as we expect the information equation of state to tend towards w = 0 in the future.

  17. Parametric State Space Structuring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ciardo, Gianfranco; Tilgner, Marco

    1997-01-01

    Structured approaches based on Kronecker operators for the description and solution of the infinitesimal generator of a continuous-time Markov chains are receiving increasing interest. However, their main advantage, a substantial reduction in the memory requirements during the numerical solution, comes at a price. Methods based on the "potential state space" allocate a probability vector that might be much larger than actually needed. Methods based on the "actual state space", instead, have an additional logarithmic overhead. We present an approach that realizes the advantages of both methods with none of their disadvantages, by partitioning the local state spaces of each submodel. We apply our results to a model of software rendezvous, and show how they reduce memory requirements while, at the same time, improving the efficiency of the computation.

  18. Finite-state codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pollara, Fabrizio; Mceliece, Robert J.; Abdel-Ghaffar, Khaled

    1988-01-01

    A class of codes called finite-state (FS) codes is defined and investigated. The codes, which generalize both block and convolutional codes, are defined by their encoders, which are finite-state machines with parallel inputs and outputs. A family of upper bounds on the free distance of a given FS code is derived. A general construction for FS codes is given, and it is shown that in many cases the FS codes constructed in this way have a free distance that is the largest possible. Catastrophic error propagation (CEP) for FS codes is also discussed. It is found that to avoid CEP one must solve the graph-theoretic problem of finding a uniquely decodable edge labeling of the state diagram.

  19. Parameter estimating state reconstruction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    George, E. B.

    1976-01-01

    Parameter estimation is considered for systems whose entire state cannot be measured. Linear observers are designed to recover the unmeasured states to a sufficient accuracy to permit the estimation process. There are three distinct dynamics that must be accommodated in the system design: the dynamics of the plant, the dynamics of the observer, and the system updating of the parameter estimation. The latter two are designed to minimize interaction of the involved systems. These techniques are extended to weakly nonlinear systems. The application to a simulation of a space shuttle POGO system test is of particular interest. A nonlinear simulation of the system is developed, observers designed, and the parameters estimated.

  20. Solid state switch

    DOEpatents

    Merritt, B.T.; Dreifuerst, G.R.

    1994-07-19

    A solid state switch, with reverse conducting thyristors, is designed to operate at 20 kV hold-off voltage, 1,500 A peak, 1.0 [mu]s pulsewidth, and 4,500 pps, to replace thyratrons. The solid state switch is more reliable, more economical, and more easily repaired. The switch includes a stack of circuit card assemblies, a magnetic assist and a trigger chassis. Each circuit card assembly contains a reverse conducting thyristor, a resistor capacitor network, and triggering circuitry. 6 figs.

  1. Exotic Hadron States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Wei; Ho, J.; Steele, T. G.; Kleiv, R. T.; Bulthuis, B.; Harnett, D.; Richards, T.; Zhu, Shi-Lin

    2015-06-01

    Many charmonium-like and bottomonium-like XYZ resonances have been observed by the Belle, Babar, CLEO and BESIII collaborations in the past decade. They are difficult to fit in the conventional quark model and thus are considered as candidates of exotic hadrons, such as multi-quark states, meson molecules, and hybrids. In this talk, we first briefly introduce the method of QCD sum rules and then provide a short review of the mass spectra of the quarkonium-like tetraquark states and the heavy quarkonium hybrids in the QCD sum rules approach. Possible interpretations of the XYZ resonances are briefly discussed.

  2. THE STATE TOBACCO ACTIVITIES TRACKING AND EVALUATION (STATE) SYSTEM

    EPA Science Inventory

    The State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System is an electronic data warehouse containing up-to-date and historical state-level data on tobacco use prevention and control. The STATE System is designed to integrate many data sources to provide comprehensive su...

  3. Multi-threaded Explicit State Space Exploration with State Reconstruction

    E-print Network

    Evangelista, Sami

    Multi-threaded Explicit State Space Exploration with State Reconstruction Sami Evangelista1. This article introduces a parallel state space exploration algorithm for shared memory multi-core architectures factor for the practical use of standard explicit state space exploration. For complex systems, like

  4. Encoding Hypergraphs into Quantum States

    E-print Network

    Ri Qu; Juan Wang; Zong-shang Li; Yan-ru Bao

    2013-01-16

    Ionicioiu and Spiller [Phys. Rev. A 85, 062313 (2012)] have recently presented an axiomatic framework for mapping graphs to quantum states of a suitable physical system. Based on their study, we first extend the axiomatic framework to hypergraphs by means of modifying its axioms and consistency conditions. Then we use the axiomatic approach to encode hypergraphs into a new family of quantum states, called the hypergraph states. Moreover, we also try to do the followings: (i) to show that real equally weighted states, which occur in Grover and Deutsch-Joza algorithms, are equivalent to hypergraph states; (ii) to describe the relations among hypergraph states, graph states and stabilizer states; (iii) to provide some transformation rules, stated in purely hypergraph theoretical terms, which completely characterize the evolution of hypergraph states under some local operations, including operators in Pauli group and some special local Pauli measurements; and (iv) to investigate some properties of multipartite entanglement of hypergraph states by hypergraph theory.

  5. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-146 Screening Douglas-fir for Rapid Early Growth in Common-Garden Tests in Spain Douglas-fir for rapid early growth in common-garden tests in Spain. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-146. Albany

  6. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    State University, 1978) in forest science. PAMELA C. MUICK is a graduate student in the Department professionals. Moreover, the proliferation of this interest is much in evidence: the symposium on the ecology heritage conservation conference (Uni- versity of California, Irvine, 1983); and Fremontia's special is

  7. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Planting and Harvesting Dates Agricultural Statistics Board December 1997 NASS, USDA Barley Nearly 7 million acres of barley were harvested in the United States (U.S.) during 1996. After reaching a peak yield of 62.5 bushels per acre recorded in 1992. North Dakota continued to be the largest barley

  8. Physical flavor neutrino states

    E-print Network

    Blasone, Massimo

    2011-01-01

    The problem of representation for flavor states of mixed neutrinos is discussed. By resorting to recent results, it is shown that a specific representation exists in which a number of conceptual problems are resolved. Phenomenological consequences of our analysis are explored.

  9. United States of Agriculture

    E-print Network

    Brown, Gregory G.

    the "received" idea of wilderness in the Lower 48 States. Three dimensions of the Alaska exceptionality the expectations of migrants to Alaska, with some migrants identify- ing themselves as different from other people and immediately felt. The distinctiveness of Alaskan life is reinforced through travel to the Continental United

  10. Solid State Lighting

    SciTech Connect

    Hastbacka, Mildred; Dieckmann, John; Bouza, Antonio

    2013-03-30

    The article discusses solid state lighting technologies. This topic was covered in two previous ASHRAE Journal columns (2010). This article covers advancements in technologies and the associated efficacies. The life-cycle, energy savings and market potential of these technologies are addressed as well.

  11. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    state, territorial, and federal government agencies and the non-governmental sector. NMFS agrees, and federal agencies and a long-term commitment to implementing and enforcing its recommendations. #12 in this plan should be construed as a commitment or requirement that any federal agency obligate or pay funds

  12. United States Department ol

    E-print Network

    United States Department ol Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station Research veetation: ecolwy, growth, and mst. Res. Paper PSW-199. Berkeley, CA: Pacific- -.. - Swthwert Research) stem caliper at 12in. (30 cm)above mean ground line d a r e d significantly k w e e n Velpar

  13. State Archaeological Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, William B., Ed.

    The focus of this conference was on programs and experiences in public archaeological education in the Plains states and immediate neighbors. The contents lists the following papers: (1) "Introduction to the Symposium" (William B. Butler); (2) "Archaeological Educational Programs in Colorado" (Kevin D. Black); (3) "Statewide Archaeological…

  14. GENIE final state interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dytman, Steven

    2015-10-01

    Final state interactions are an important component of any neutrino-nucleus Monte Carlo program. GENIE has 2 FSI programs which serve different purposes. Each has fair-good agreement with a wide range of hadron-nucleus data. Recent improvements and planned advancements are described.

  15. United States of Agriculture

    E-print Network

    , Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; 454 p. Retrieval Terms: Pinus species, pine grafts, bark,000 xylem resin samples of pine (Pinus) species and hybrids--largely from the western United States Research Station was spent on studying the resistance of pines to bark beetles, including action of pine

  16. Variational transition state theory

    SciTech Connect

    Truhlar, D.G.

    1993-12-01

    This research program involves the development of variational transition state theory (VTST) and semiclassical tunneling methods for the calculation of gas-phase reaction rates and selected applications. The applications are selected for their fundamental interest and/or their relevance to combustion.

  17. Inferences about mental states

    PubMed Central

    Mitchell, Jason P.

    2009-01-01

    Human social cognition relies on an ability to predict what others will think, feel or do in novel situations. Research in social neuroscience has consistently observed several brain regions that contribute ubiquitously to these abilities, including medial prefrontal cortex and aspects of lateral and medial parietal cortex. Interestingly, parallel work has suggested that this same network of regions subserves several seemingly distinct phenomena—notably, the abilities to remember the past, imagine the future and visualize spatial layouts—suggesting the existence of a common set of cognitive processes devoted to projecting oneself into worlds that differ mentally, temporally or physically from one's current experience. This use of self-projection to understand others' minds requires perceivers to solve three distinct cognitive challenges: (i) generating a simulated facsimile of one's own hypothetical mental states in a given situation, (ii) suppressing one's own current mental states, and (iii) deciding on the appropriateness of simulated states for understanding a particular other person. The present paper reviews recent psychology and neuroscience research aimed at understanding the underlying mechanisms that allow humans to solve each of these cognitive challenges to use self-projection to predict and understand the mental states of others. PMID:19528012

  18. Energy States of Molecules

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollenberg, J. Leland

    1970-01-01

    Discusses molecular spectroscopy arising from transitions within rotational, vibrational, and electronic energy states. Using quantum mechanical formuli, the author describes how these spectroscopic methods can be used to determine internuclear distances, bond energies, bond angles, dipole moments, and other details. Concludes with a selected…

  19. New State of Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, William J.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents how minorities break color barriers in top administrative positions at Pennsylvania institutions. Pennsylvania, the state with the sixth-largest population in the country with more than 12 million people, reportedly has more than 450 public and private colleges, universities and career and technical training schools. "Diverse"…

  20. Keystone State of Confusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuart, Reginald

    2009-01-01

    When high school seniors begin searching for the best school to fit their higher education goals, they may need a road map, tour guide and interpreter to help them sort through Pennsylvania's higher education universe. For sure there are seemingly endless choices--public, private, large, small, urban and rural. The Keystone State boasts nearly 200…

  1. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    to fire management ac- tivities. In fiscal year 1979, the budget item for these activities totaled $216 are an even greater management problem than the budget figures suggest because of the difficulty of predictingUnited States Department of Risk in Fire Management Agriculture Forest Service Pacific

  2. Colorado State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKelfresh, David A.; Bender, Kim K.

    2009-01-01

    Colorado State University (CSU) is located in Fort Collins, which is a midsize city of 134,000 situated in Northern Colorado at the western edge of the Great Plains and at the base of the Rocky Mountains. CSU's total enrollment is approximately 25,000 students. The Division of Student Affairs comprises 30 departments organized into programmatic…

  3. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    United States Department of Proceedings of the Symposium on Agriculture Sandalwood in the Pacific of the Symposium on Sandalwood in the Pacific; April 9-11,1990; Honolulu, Hawaii. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-122. Berkeley. Sandalwood (Santalum spp.) trees grow in a variety of climates around the world and are culturally

  4. Washington State Electric Vehicle

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    and equipment with electricity or biofuel to the "extent practicable" by June 2015 1. The vehicle is dueWashington State Electric Vehicle Implementation Bryan Bazard Maintenance and Alternate Fuel Technology Manager #12;Executive Order 14-04 Requires the procurement of electric vehicles where

  5. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    ) Crop Production 2008 Summary January 2009 #12;#12;Crop Production 2008 Summary Agricultural Statistics Chairperson Carol C. House #12;Crop Production 2008 Summary Agricultural Statistics Board January 2009 2 NASSUnited States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service Cr Pr 2-1 (09

  6. States Address Academic Concerns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoff, David J.

    2005-01-01

    State and local officials are slowly untangling complicated webs of accountability, testing, and graduation policies, hoping to give thousands of students displaced by Hurricane Katrina a better handle on their academic standing. While officials in Texas, Tennessee, and Alabama offered some guidance to such students, school leaders in…

  7. When Church Meets State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hitz, Randy; Butterfield, Paula

    1994-01-01

    When the debate heats up over the separation of church and state issue board members need to be keenly aware of the fine line that exists between promoting nonreligious activities in school and encouraging an antireligious sentiment. Ten reminders are given for board members and administrators to remember when addressing the issue of religion in…

  8. Florida: State Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, Julie

    2015-01-01

    This brief is one in a series highlighting state policies, regulations, practices, laws, or other tools intended to create the necessary conditions for school and/or district turnaround. Each brief includes an overview of the relevant turnaround tool, its development process, its impact, and lessons learned that could assist other education…

  9. Mississippi: State Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, Julie

    2014-01-01

    This brief is one in a series highlighting state policies, regulations, practices, laws, or other tools intended to create the necessary conditions for school and/or district turnaround. Each brief includes an overview of the relevant turnaround tool, its development process, its impact, and lessons learned that could assist other education…

  10. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    United States Department of A Vegetation ClassificationAgriculture Forest Sewice System Applied. DERBY is forest botanist, San Bernardino National Forest, San Bernardino, Calif. She received a B, Shasta-Trinity National Forest, Red- ding, Calif. He eamed a B.S. degree in wildlife management

  11. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    to the National Fire-Danger Rating System Research Unit, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment StationUnited States Department of Agriculture The National Fire- Danger Forest Service Pacific Southwest Rating System:Forest and Range Experiment Station General Technical basic equationsReport PSW-82 Jack D

  12. United States Departmentof

    E-print Network

    . Scharpf Lewis F. Roth #12;Scharpf, Robert F.; Roth, Lewis F. 1992. Resistance of ponderosa pine to western, Calif. LEWISF. ROTH is professor emeritus of forest pathology at Oregon State University, Corvallis.Scharpf Lewis F.Roth Contents ..In Brief

  13. States of Emergency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Caroline E.

    2012-01-01

    Given the stakes and the current economic climate, U.S. higher education officials across the country are stepping up their advocacy efforts, making their voices louder and more persistent than ever. They are vying for the attention of states struggling with increased demands for limited revenues, most choosing to divert dollars from higher…

  14. State Skill Standards: Photography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell, Frederick; Reed, Loretta; Jensen, Capra; Robison, Gary; Taylor, Susan; Pavesich, Christine

    2007-01-01

    The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide skill standards for all content areas in career and technical education. The standards in this document are for photography programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program.…

  15. MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY INTRODUCTIONi.

    E-print Network

    in Food Safety Program. This program resides within the department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences (LCS information for prospective and current students regarding the Master of Science in Food Safety program, Program Director Online Master of Science in Food Safety Michigan State University 1129 Farm Lane, Rm B 51

  16. Solid-State Devices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutliff, Ronald D.; And Others

    This self-study course is designed to familiarize Marine Corps enlisted personnel with the principles of solid-state devices and their functions. The course contains four study units. Each study unit begins with a general objective, which is a statement of what the student should learn from the unit. The study units are divided into numbered work…

  17. GIARDIASIS IN WASHINGTON STATE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The objective was to determine the potential for transmission of giardiasis through approved drinking water supplies in Washington State. The project consisted of five studies: the first was conducted during trapping seasons (1976-1979) and resulted in examining of 656 beaver sto...

  18. Designing State Aid Formulas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Bo; Bradbury, Katharine

    2009-01-01

    This paper designs a new equalization-aid formula based on fiscal gaps of local communities. When states are in transition to a new local aid formula, the issue of whether and how to hold existing aid harmless poses a challenge. The authors show that some previous studies and the formulas derived from them give differential weights to existing and…

  19. CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY,

    E-print Network

    Ringwald, Frederick A.

    / SCHOLARSHIPS and CAREERS The Department of Physics offers seven partial scholarships for physics majors. Our our Graduate and Undergraduate programs, please contact: THE FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCE PhysicsPHYSICS AT CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FRESNO WWW.CSUFRESNO.EDU/PHYSICS/ Department of Physics

  20. Florida State Bowling Team

    E-print Network

    Miller, Brian G.

    TEAM SELECTION 17 FUNDRAISING EXPECTATIONS 18 LEAGUES 19 VARSITY BOWLING CLASS 19 BOWLING TEAM at Florida State. Last year ended with the men's and women's team advancing to post season but failing need to do to advance both the men's and women's teams to the national championships. We are pleased

  1. Emotional state and efficiency

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ovchinnikova, O. V.

    1973-01-01

    An investigation was made of the effect of emotional states-negative and positive- on work performance. Data cover intensity of emotional arousal, personality characteristics of person involved, typological features of person's nervous system, emotional stability of person, and past experience of person. Particular attention was given to emotional stress effects on efficiency, given modern working conditions.

  2. The Kent State Coverup.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelner, Joseph; Munves, James

    A definitive account of the May 4, 1970 Kent State shootings and the trial that followed is presented by the lawyer who served as chief counsel for the 13 victims. Part One, "The Long Road to the Cleveland Courthouse," provides all the information on the victims, the shootings, and preparation for the trial. Part Two, "At Last, Our Day in Court,"…

  3. State Skill Standards: Metalworking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pointer, Mike; Naylor, Randy; Warden, John; Senek, Gene; Shirley, Charles; Lefcourt, Lew; Munson, Justin; Johnson, Art

    2005-01-01

    The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide occupational skill standards. The standards in this document are for metalworking programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. The writing team determined that any…

  4. State Skill Standards: Welding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pointer, Mike; Naylor, Randy; Warden, John; Senek, Gene; Shirley, Charles; Lefcourt, Lew; Munson, Justin; Johnson, Art

    2005-01-01

    The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide occupational skill standards. The standards in this document are for welding programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. The writing team determined that any statewide…

  5. Analytical formula connecting entangled states and the closest disentangled state

    SciTech Connect

    Ishizaka, Satoshi

    2003-06-01

    The separable state closest to a given entangled state in the relative entropy measure is called the closest disentangled state. We provide an analytical formula connecting the entangled states and the closest disentangled state in two qubits. Using this formula, when any disentangled state {sigma} located at the entangle-disentangle boundary is given, entangled states to which {sigma} is closest can be obtained analytically. Further, this formula naturally defines the direction normal to the boundary surface. The direction is uniquely determined by {sigma} in almost all cases.

  6. The 4th State of Matter: The Delta State

    E-print Network

    Joel M. Williams; George H. Sprenger

    1999-04-02

    The corresponding states principle is an important concept wherein materials are interrelated. The base state of this principle, however, currently has no specific physical reality. Instead, it is a definition: a set of conditions at which the gas state reaches its maximum compression and liquid can not longer form; namely, the critical point. This article shows that a discrete, real-life, 3-D, base state is consistent with published and new experimental data. The mathematical analyses were conducted in the same manner for all the materials using literature data, a simple, consistent liquid state model and a simple, physically definable, cluster state model at the critical point. The base state described herein has molecules traveling together in well-defined small-hard or large-soft clusters. These clusters are dubbed the DELTA state since they occur almost exclusively in tetrahedral groups of four. From this straightforward, mathematical and intuitive methodology, the DELTA state emerged as the fourth state of matter: the base state of the corresponding states. As a result, the universal gas law requires inclusion of the DELTA state with the monomer state to be accurate. The critical point is the point at which liquid ceases to form. It is also the point at which only the DELTA state exists. Hence, the critical point is more appropriately called the DELTA POINT.

  7. Quantum properties of exponential states

    SciTech Connect

    Luis, Alfredo

    2007-05-15

    The use of Renyi entropy as an uncertainty measure alternative to variance leads to the study of states with quantum fluctuations below the levels established by Gaussian states, which are the position-momentum minimum uncertainty states according to variance. We examine the quantum properties of states with exponential wave functions, which combine reduced fluctuations with practical feasibility.

  8. State Intervention in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glenny, Lyman A.; Bowen, Frank M.

    State intervention in higher education is discussed, and state and federal regulations that affect higher education are discussed and contrasted. The structures and procedures by which states intervene in higher education are outlined, and the issue of institutional autonomy is considered. Policy areas through which the state can affect higher…

  9. Michigan: The Great Lakes State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKay, Sandra Lee; La Luzerne-Oi, Sally

    2009-01-01

    Although Michigan is often called the "Wolverine State," its more common nickname is the "Great Lakes State." This name comes from the fact that Michigan is the only state in the United States that borders four of the five Great Lakes. Also referred to as the "Water Wonderland," Michigan has 11,000 additional lakes, 36,000 miles of streams, and…

  10. Retrodictive quantum optical state engineering

    E-print Network

    K. L. Pregnell; D. T. Pegg

    2005-10-28

    Although it has been known for some time that quantum mechanics can be formulated in a way that treats prediction and retrodiction on an equal footing, most attention in engineering quantum states has been devoted to predictive states, that is, states associated with the a preparation event. Retrodictive states, which are associated with a measurement event and propagate backwards in time, are also useful, however. In this paper we show how any retrodictive state of light that can be written to a good approximation as a finite superposition of photon number states can be generated by an optical multiport device. The composition of the state is adjusted by controlling predictive coherent input states. We show how the probability of successful state generation can be optimised by adjusting the multiport device and also examine a versatile configuration that is useful for generating a range of states.

  11. Medicaid expenditures and state responses.

    PubMed

    Tudor, C G

    1995-01-01

    This overview summarizes issues addressed in this issue of the Health Care Financing Review, entitled "Medicaid and State Health Reform." Articles cover the following topics: growth in the level of expenditures for Medicaid and creative financing strategies by States to manage these increases; section 1115 demonstration waivers; States' experiences with implementing approved section 1115 demonstrations; how section 1115 demonstration waivers fit into larger State health reform efforts; and other reform efforts in two States. PMID:10142571

  12. Medicaid Expenditures and State Responses

    PubMed Central

    Tudor, Cynthia G.

    1995-01-01

    This overview summarizes issues addressed in this issue of the Health Care Financing Review, entitled “Medicaid and State Health Reform.” Articles cover the following topics: growth in the level of expenditures for Medicaid and creative financing strategies by States to manage these increases; section 1115 demonstration waivers; States' experiences with implementing approved section 1115 demonstrations; how section 1115 demonstration waivers fit into larger State health reform efforts; and other reform efforts in two States. PMID:10142571

  13. Solid State Laser

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    The Titan-CW Ti:sapphire (titanium-doped sapphire) tunable laser is an innovation in solid-state laser technology jointly developed by the Research and Solid State Laser Divisions of Schwartz Electro-optics, Inc. (SEO). SEO is producing the laser for the commercial market, an outgrowth of a program sponsored by Langley Research Center to develop Ti:sapphire technology for space use. SEO's Titan-CW series of Ti:sapphire tunable lasers have applicability in analytical equipment designed for qualitative analysis of carbohydrates and proteins, structural analysis of water, starch/sugar analyses, and measurements of salt in meat. Further applications are expected in semiconductor manufacture, in medicine for diagnosis and therapy, and in biochemistry.

  14. Neurobiology of Aversive States

    PubMed Central

    Umberg, Erin N.; Pothos, Emmanuel N.

    2011-01-01

    Hoebel and colleagues are often known as students of reward and how it is coded in the CNS. This article, however, attempts to focus on the significant advances by Hoebel and others in dissecting out behavioral components of distinct aversive states and in understanding the neurobiology of aversion and the link between aversive states and addictive behaviors. Reward and aversion are not necessarily dichotomous and may reflect an affective continuum contingent upon environmental conditions. Descriptive and mechanistic studies pioneered by Bart Hoebel have demonstrated that the shift in the reward-aversion spectrum may be, in part, a result of changes in central dopamine/ACh ratio, particularly in the NAc. The path to aversion appears to include a specific neurochemical signature: reduced dopamine activity and increased ACh activity in “reward centers” of the brain. Opioid receptors may have a neuromodulatory role on both of these neurotransmitters. PMID:21549137

  15. Bound States in Graphene

    E-print Network

    Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

    2008-06-03

    We present a quantum analysis of the massless excitations in graphene with a charge impurity. When the effective charge exceeds a certain critical value, the spectrum is quantized and is unbounded from below. The corresponding eigenstates are square-integrable at infinity and have a rapidly oscillatory behaviour in the short distance, which can be interpreted as a fall to the centre. Using a cutoff regularization, we show that the effective Coulomb interaction strength is driven to its critical value under the renormalization group flow. In the subcritical region, we find bound states with imaginary values of the energy for certain range of the system parameters. The physical significance of these bound states with imaginary eigenvalues is discussed.

  16. Ground State Electroluminescence

    E-print Network

    Mauro Cirio; Simone De Liberato; Neill Lambert; Franco Nori

    2015-08-24

    Electroluminescence, the emission of light in the presence of an electric current, provides information on the allowed electronic transitions of a given system. It is commonly used to investigate the physics of strongly-coupled light-matter systems, whose eigenfrequencies are split by the strong coupling with the photonic field of a cavity. Here we show that, together with the usual electroluminescence, systems in the ultrastrong light-matter coupling regime emit a uniquely quantum radiation when a flow of current is driven through them. While standard electroluminescence relies on the population of excited states followed by spontaneous emission, the process we describe herein extracts bound photons by the dressed ground state and it has peculiar features that unequivocally distinguish it from usual electroluminescence.

  17. States that are far from being stabilizer states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andersson, David; Bengtsson, Ingemar; Blanchfield, Kate; Bui Dang, Hoan

    2015-08-01

    Stabilizer states are eigenvectors of maximal commuting sets of operators in a finite Heisenberg group. States that are far from being stabilizer states include magic states in quantum computation, MUB-balanced states, and SIC vectors. In prime dimensions the latter two fall under the umbrella of minimum uncertainty states (MUSs) in the sense of Wootters and Sussman. We study the correlation between two ways in which the notion of ‘far from being a stabilizer state’ can be quantified. Two theorems valid for all prime dimensions are given, as well as detailed results for low dimensions. In dimension 7 we identify the MUB-balanced states as being antipodal to the SIC vectors within the set of MUS, in a sense that we make definite. In dimension 4 we show that the states that come closest to being MUS with respect to all of the six stabilizer MUBs are the fiducial vectors for Alltop MUBs.

  18. Reasons of state

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, M.

    1993-05-01

    This editor's note is concerned with historical aspects of the Soviet Union's nuclear weapons program. Noted in the article is the viewpoint of Yuli Khariton, who has been speaking out lately in an attempt to set the record straight regarding the early years of the weapons program. Stories told by Andrei Sakharov are included to ultimately make the point that history teaches many lessons, not the least of which is that many crimes are committed by reasons of state.

  19. Nevada state revenues analysis

    SciTech Connect

    1988-06-01

    This report analyzes the major sources of revenue to the Nevada State General Fund for purposes of estimating impacts associated with the siting of a nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain in Nye County, Nevada. Each major revenue source is analyzed to identify relationships among the economic or demographic base, the revenue base, and the revenues generated. Trends and changes in the rates and/or base are highlighted. A model is developed for each revenue source to allow impact estimation.

  20. Models of multiquark states

    SciTech Connect

    Lipkin, H.J.

    1986-01-01

    The success of simple constituent quark models in single-hardon physics and their failure in multiquark physics is discussed, emphasizing the relation between meson and baryon spectra, hidden color and the color matrix, breakup decay modes, coupled channels, and hadron-hadron interactions via flipping and tunneling of flux tubes. Model-independent predictions for possible multiquark bound states are considered and the most promising candidates suggested. A quark approach to baryon-baryon interactions is discussed.

  1. State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Tax Incentives

    SciTech Connect

    Lantz, E.; Doris, E.

    2009-10-01

    As a policy tool, state tax incentives can be structured to help states meet clean energy goals. Policymakers often use state tax incentives in concert with state and federal policies to support renewable energy deployment or reduce market barriers. This analysis used case studies of four states to assess the contributions of state tax incentives to the development of renewable energy markets. State tax incentives that are appropriately paired with complementary state and federal policies generally provide viable mechanisms to support renewable energy deployment. However, challenges to successful implementation of state tax incentives include serving project owners with limited state tax liability, assessing appropriate incentive levels, and differentiating levels of incentives for technologies with different costs. Additionally, state tax incentives may result in moderately higher federal tax burdens. These challenges notwithstanding, state tax incentives that consider certain policy design characteristics can support renewable energy markets and state clean energy goals.The scale of their impact though is directly related to the degree to which they support the renewable energy markets for targeted sectors and technologies. This report highlights important policy design considerations for policymakers using state tax incentives to meet clean energy goals.

  2. Linearly independent pure-state decomposition and quantum state discrimination

    SciTech Connect

    Roa, Luis; Alid-Vaccarezza, M.; Maldonado-Trapp, A.

    2011-08-15

    We put the pure-state decomposition mathematical property of a mixed state to a physical test. We present a protocol for preparing two known nonorthogonal quantum states with well-defined a priori probabilities. Hence we characterize all the possible decompositions of a rank-two mixed state by means of the complex overlap between the two involved states. The physical test proposes a scheme for quantum state recognition of one of the two linearly independent states that arise from the decomposition. We find that the two states associated with the balanced pure-state decomposition have the smaller overlap modulus and therefore the smallest probability of being discriminated conclusively, while in the nonconclusive process they have the highest probability of having an error. In addition, we design an experimental scheme that allows discriminating conclusively and optimally two nonorthogonal states prepared with different a priori probabilities. Thus we propose a physical implementation for this linearly independent pure-state decomposition and state discrimination test by using twin photons generated in the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion. The information state is encoded in a one-photon polarization state, whereas the second single photon is used for heralded detection.

  3. JWL Equation of State

    SciTech Connect

    Menikoff, Ralph

    2015-12-15

    The JWL equation of state (EOS) is frequently used for the products (and sometimes reactants) of a high explosive (HE). Here we review and systematically derive important properties. The JWL EOS is of the Mie-Gr¨uneisen form with a constant Gr¨uneisen coefficient and a constants specific heat. It is thermodynamically consistent to specify the temperature at a reference state. However, increasing the reference state temperature restricts the EOS domain in the (V, e)-plane of phase space. The restrictions are due to the conditions that P ? 0, T ? 0, and the isothermal bulk modulus is positive. Typically, this limits the low temperature regime in expansion. The domain restrictions can result in the P-T equilibrium EOS of a partly burned HE failing to have a solution in some cases. For application to HE, the heat of detonation is discussed. Example JWL parameters for an HE, both products and reactions, are used to illustrate the restrictions on the domain of the EOS.

  4. State complexity and quantum computation

    E-print Network

    Yu Cai; Huy Nguyen Le; Valerio Scarani

    2015-08-18

    The complexity of a quantum state may be closely related to the usefulness of the state for quantum computation. We discuss this link using the tree size of a multiqubit state, a complexity measure that has two noticeable (and, so far, unique) features: it is in principle computable, and non-trivial lower bounds can be obtained, hence identifying truly complex states. In this paper, we first review the definition of tree size, together with known results on the most complex three and four qubits states. Moving to the multiqubit case, we revisit a mathematical theorem for proving a lower bound on tree size that scales superpolynomially in the number of qubits. Next, states with superpolynomial tree size, the Immanant states, the Deutsch-Jozsa states, the Shor's states and the subgroup states, are described. We show that the universal resource state for measurement based quantum computation, the 2D-cluster state, has superpolynomial tree size. Moreover, we show how the complexity of subgroup states and the 2D cluster state can be verified efficiently. The question of how tree size is related to the speed up achieved in quantum computation is also addressed. We show that superpolynomial tree size of the resource state is essential for measurement based quantum computation. The necessary role of large tree size in the circuit model of quantum computation is still a conjecture; and we prove a weaker version of the conjecture.

  5. State complexity and quantum computation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Yu; Le, Huy Nguyen; Scarani, Valerio

    2015-10-01

    The complexity of a quantum state may be closely related to the usefulness of the state for quantum computation. We discuss this link using the tree size of a multiqubit state, a complexity measure that has two noticeable (and, so far, unique) features: it is in principle computable, and non-trivial lower bounds can be obtained, hence identifying truly complex states. In this paper, we first review the definition of tree size, together with known results on the most complex three and four qubits states. Moving to the multiqubit case, we revisit a mathematical theorem for proving a lower bound on tree size that scales superpolynomially in the number of qubits. Next, states with superpolynomial tree size, the Immanant states, the Deutsch-Jozsa states, the Shor's states and the subgroup states, are described. We show that the universal resource state for measurement based quantum computation, the 2D-cluster state, has superpolynomial tree size. Moreover, we show how the complexity of subgroup states and the 2D cluster state can be verified efficiently. The question of how tree size is related to the speed up achieved in quantum computation is also addressed. We show that superpolynomial tree size of the resource state is essential for measurement based quantum computation. The necessary role of large tree size in the circuit model of quantum computation is still a conjecture; and we prove a weaker version of the conjecture.

  6. GLSEN's State of the States: How One Seattle Educator Gets an "A" in a Failing State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaught, Sabina Elena

    2005-01-01

    The Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network's (GLSEN) report "State of the States: A policy analysis of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) safer schools issues" presents a thorough and comprehensive analysis of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. State grading is based on five categories, which include the existence and…

  7. Optical Tomography of Photon-Added Coherent States, Even/Odd Coherent States and Thermal States

    E-print Network

    Korennoy, Ya A

    2011-01-01

    Explicit expressions for optical tomograms of the photon-added coherent states, even/odd photon-added coherent states and photon-added thermal states are given in terms of Hermite polynomials. Suggestions for experimental homodyne detection of the considered photon states are presented.

  8. Orbital State Uncertainty Realism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horwood, J.; Poore, A. B.

    2012-09-01

    Fundamental to the success of the space situational awareness (SSA) mission is the rigorous inclusion of uncertainty in the space surveillance network. The *proper characterization of uncertainty* in the orbital state of a space object is a common requirement to many SSA functions including tracking and data association, resolution of uncorrelated tracks (UCTs), conjunction analysis and probability of collision, sensor resource management, and anomaly detection. While tracking environments, such as air and missile defense, make extensive use of Gaussian and local linearity assumptions within algorithms for uncertainty management, space surveillance is inherently different due to long time gaps between updates, high misdetection rates, nonlinear and non-conservative dynamics, and non-Gaussian phenomena. The latter implies that "covariance realism" is not always sufficient. SSA also requires "uncertainty realism"; the proper characterization of both the state and covariance and all non-zero higher-order cumulants. In other words, a proper characterization of a space object's full state *probability density function (PDF)* is required. In order to provide a more statistically rigorous treatment of uncertainty in the space surveillance tracking environment and to better support the aforementioned SSA functions, a new class of multivariate PDFs are formulated which more accurately characterize the uncertainty of a space object's state or orbit. The new distribution contains a parameter set controlling the higher-order cumulants which gives the level sets a distinctive "banana" or "boomerang" shape and degenerates to a Gaussian in a suitable limit. Using the new class of PDFs within the general Bayesian nonlinear filter, the resulting filter prediction step (i.e., uncertainty propagation) is shown to have the *same computational cost as the traditional unscented Kalman filter* with the former able to maintain a proper characterization of the uncertainty for up to *ten times as long* as the latter. The filter correction step also furnishes a statistically rigorous *prediction error* which appears in the likelihood ratios for scoring the association of one report or observation to another. Thus, the new filter can be used to support multi-target tracking within a general multiple hypothesis tracking framework. Additionally, the new distribution admits a distance metric which extends the classical Mahalanobis distance (chi^2 statistic). This metric provides a test for statistical significance and facilitates single-frame data association methods with the potential to easily extend the covariance-based track association algorithm of Hill, Sabol, and Alfriend. The filtering, data fusion, and association methods using the new class of orbital state PDFs are shown to be mathematically tractable and operationally viable.

  9. Relationship among locally maximally entanglable states, W states and hypergraph states under local unitary transformations

    E-print Network

    Ri Qu; Yi-ping Ma; Bo Wang; Yan-ru Bao

    2013-05-03

    Kruszynska and Kraus [Phys. Rev. A 79, 052304 (2009)] have recently introduced the so-called locally maximally entanglable (LME) states of n qubits which can be maximally entangled to local auxiliary qubits using controlled operations. We characterize the local entanglability of hypergraph states and W states using an approach in [Phys. Rev. A 79, 052304 (2009)]. We show that (i) all hypergraph states are LME; (ii) hypergraph states and LME states are not equivalent under local unitaries; (iii) a W state of n qubits is not LME; and (iv) no hypergraph state of n qubits can be converted into to the W state under local unitary transformations. Moreover, we also present an approach for encoding weighted hypergraphs into LME states.

  10. Quantum Conditional Mutual Information, Reconstructed States, and State Redistribution

    E-print Network

    Harrow, Aram W.

    We give two strengthenings of an inequality for the quantum conditional mutual information of a tripartite quantum state recently proved by Fawzi and Renner, connecting it with the ability to reconstruct the state from its ...

  11. State Energy Alternatives: Alternative Energy Resources by State

    DOE Data Explorer

    This U.S. map provides state by state information on incentives and laws related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles. Discover what's available in each state for innovation grants, infrastructure grants, and production grants and who to contact. Find out how many alternative refueling stations are available in each state and where they are. Tennessee, for example, in 2009, has 114 alternative refueling stations: 36 biodiesel, 1 electrical, 29 ethanol, 4 natural gas, and 44 propane. There are also 5 Truck Stop Electrification (TSE) sites in Tennessee. Users can also find out from this map interface the contacts for Clean Cities in a state, information about renewable energy projects and activities in each state, fuel prices across a state, and biomass potential resources and current production in each state.

  12. Federation of State Medical Boards of the United States

    MedlinePLUS

    ... streamline physician licensing Learn More . FSMB and state medical boards working together to protect the public through ... Entity Connect » Residency Records The Federation of State Medical Boards Representing the 70 medical boards of the ...

  13. State of the States: Fuel Cells in America 2015

    SciTech Connect

    Curtin, Sandra; Jennifer, Gangi

    2015-12-17

    This December 2015 report, the sixth in a series, provides a comprehensive analysis of state activities supporting fuel cell and hydrogen technology, profiles of leading states, and a catalog of recent installations, policies, funding, and deployments around the country.

  14. Realizing Controllable Quantum States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takayanagi, Hideaki; Nitta, Junsaku

    1. Entanglement in solid states. Orbital entanglement and violation of bell inequalities in mesoscopic conductors / M. Büttiker, P. Samuelsson and E. V. Sukhoruk. Teleportation of electron spins with normal and superconducting dots / O. Sauret, D. Feinberg and T. Martin. Entangled state analysis for one-dimensional quantum spin system: singularity at critical point / A. Kawaguchi and K. Shimizu. Detecting crossed Andreev reflection by cross-current correlations / G. Bignon et al. Current correlations and transmission probabilities for a Y-shaped diffusive conductor / S. K. Yip -- 2. Mesoscopic electronics. Quantum bistability, structural transformation, and spontaneous persistent currents in mesoscopic Aharonov-Bohm loops / I. O. Kulik. Many-body effects on tunneling of electrons in magnetic-field-induced quasi one-dimensional systems in quantum wells / T. Kubo and Y. Tokura. Electron transport in 2DEG narrow channel under gradient magnetic field / M. Hara et al. Transport properties of a quantum wire with a side-coupled quantum dot / M. Yamaguchi et al. Photoconductivity- and magneto-transport studies of single InAs quantum wires / A. Wirthmann et al. Thermoelectric transports in charge-density-wave systems / H. Yoshimoto and S. Kurihara -- 3. Mesoscopic superconductivity. Parity-restricted persistent currents in SNS nanorings / A. D. Zaikin and S. V. Sharov. Large energy dependence of current noise in superconductingh/normal metal junctions / F. Pistolesi and M. Houzet. Generation of photon number states and their superpositions using a superconducting qubit in a microcavity / Yu-Xi Liu, L. F. Wei and F. Nori. Andreev interferometry for pumped currents / F. Taddei, M. Governale and R. Fazio. Suppression of Cooper-pair breaking against high magnetic fields in carbon nanotubes / J. Haruyama et al. Impact of the transport supercurrent on the Josephson effect / S. N. Shevchenko. Josephson current through spin-polarized Luttinger liquid / N. Yokoshi and S. Kurihara -- 4. Mesoscopic superconductivity with unconventional superconductor or ferromagnet. Ultraefficient microrefrigerators realized with ferromagnet-superconductor junctions / F. Giazotto et al. Anomalous charge transport in triplet superconductor junctions by the synergy effect of the proximity effect and the mid gap Andreev resonant states / Y. Tanaka and S. Kashiwaya. Paramagnetic and glass states in superconductive YBa[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] ceramics of sub-micron scale grains / H. Deguchi et al. Quantum properties of single-domain triplet superconductors / A. M. Gulian and K. S. Wood. A numerical study of Josephson current in p wave superconducting junctions / Y. Asano et al. Tilted bi-crystal sapphire substrates improve properties of grain boundary YBa[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] junctions and extend their Josephson response to THZ frequencies / E. Stepantsov et al. Circuit theory analysis of AB-plane tunnel junctions of unconventional superconductor Bi[symbol]Sr[symbol]Ca[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] / I. Shigeta et al. Transport properties of normal metal/anisotropic superconductor junctions in the eutectic system Sr[symbol]RuO[symbol]Ru / M. Kawamura et al. Macroscopic quantum tunneling in d-wave superconductor Josephson / S. Kawabata et al. Quasiparticle states of high-T[symbol] oxides observed by a Zeeman magnetic field response / S. Kashiwaya et al. Experimentally realizable devices for controlling the motion of magnetic flux quanta in anisotropic superconductors: vortex lenses, vortex diodes and vortex pumps / S. Savel'ev and F. Nori. Stability of vortex-antivortex "molecules" in mesoscopic superconducting triangles / V. R. Misko et al. Superconducting network with magnetic decoration - Hofstadter butterfly in spatially modulated magnetic field / Y. Iye et al. Observation of paramagnetic supercurrent in mesoscopic superconducting rings and disks using multiple-small-tunnel-junction method / A. Kanda et al. Guidance of vortices in high-T[stmbol] superconducting thin films with special arrangements of antidots / R. Wöerdenweber, P. Dymashevsk

  15. Quantum signatures of Chimera states

    E-print Network

    V. M. Bastidas; I. Omelchenko; A. Zakharova; E. Schöll; T. Brandes

    2015-05-11

    Chimera states are complex spatiotemporal patterns in networks of identical oscillators, characterized by the coexistence of synchronized and desynchronized dynamics. Here we propose to extend the phenomenon of chimera states to the quantum regime, and uncover intriguing quantum signatures of these states. We calculate the quantum fluctuations about semiclassical trajectories and demonstrate that chimera states in the quantum regime can be characterized by bosonic squeezing, weighted quantum correlations, and measures of mutual information. Our findings reveal the relation of chimera states to quantum information theory, and give promising directions for experimental realization of chimera states in quantum systems.

  16. Decoy state quantum key distribution with modified coherent state

    SciTech Connect

    Yin Zhenqiang; Han Zhengfu; Sun Fangwen; Guo Guangcan

    2007-07-15

    To beat photon-number splitting attack, decoy state quantum key distribution (QKD) based on the coherent state has been studied widely. We present a decoy state QKD protocol with a modified coherent state (MCS). By destructive quantum interference, a MCS with fewer multiphoton events can be obtained, which may improve the key bit rate and security distance of QKD. Through numerical simulation, we show about a 2-dB increment on the security distance for Bennett-Brassard (1984) protocol.

  17. Michigan State of the State 35 Weight Variable: statewt

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    of the State 35 Page iii item page CD7@a Party ID 54 CD7@b Republican 54 CD7@c Democrat 55 CD7@d Independent 55 Trust State Government 8 PO2 Rate Granholm 9 p18 State Legislature Approval 9 nw4 Majority Party 10 nw5 District Party 10 nw6 State Representative 11 w1 Approve Term Limits 11 w3 Future of Term Limits 12 w7

  18. Solid state optical microscope

    DOEpatents

    Young, I.T.

    1983-08-09

    A solid state optical microscope wherein wide-field and high-resolution images of an object are produced at a rapid rate by utilizing conventional optics with a charge-coupled photodiode array. A galvanometer scanning mirror, for scanning in one of two orthogonal directions is provided, while the charge-coupled photodiode array scans in the other orthogonal direction. Illumination light from the object is incident upon the photodiodes, creating packets of electrons (signals) which are representative of the illuminated object. The signals are then processed, stored in a memory, and finally displayed as a video signal. 2 figs.

  19. Solid state optical microscope

    DOEpatents

    Young, Ian T. (Pleasanton, CA)

    1983-01-01

    A solid state optical microscope wherein wide-field and high-resolution images of an object are produced at a rapid rate by utilizing conventional optics with a charge-coupled photodiode array. A galvanometer scanning mirror, for scanning in one of two orthogonal directions is provided, while the charge-coupled photodiode array scans in the other orthogonal direction. Illumination light from the object is incident upon the photodiodes, creating packets of electrons (signals) which are representative of the illuminated object. The signals are then processed, stored in a memory, and finally displayed as a video signal.

  20. Solid state oxygen sensor

    DOEpatents

    Garzon, Fernando H. (Sante Fe, NM); Chung, Brandon W. (Los Alamos, NM); Raistrick, Ian D. (Los Alamos, NM); Brosha, Eric L. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1996-01-01

    Solid state oxygen sensors are provided with a yttria-doped zirconia as an electrolyte and use the electrochemical oxygen pumping of the zirconia electrolyte. A linear relationship between oxygen concentration and the voltage arising at a current plateau occurs when oxygen accessing the electrolyte is limited by a diffusion barrier. A diffusion barrier is formed herein with a mixed electronic and oxygen ion-conducting membrane of lanthanum-containing perovskite or zirconia-containing fluorite. A heater may be used to maintain an adequate oxygen diffusion coefficient in the mixed conducting layer.

  1. Solid state oxygen sensor

    DOEpatents

    Garzon, F.H.; Chung, B.W.; Raistrick, I.D.; Brosha, E.L.

    1996-08-06

    Solid state oxygen sensors are provided with a yttria-doped zirconia as an electrolyte and use the electrochemical oxygen pumping of the zirconia electrolyte. A linear relationship between oxygen concentration and the voltage arising at a current plateau occurs when oxygen accessing the electrolyte is limited by a diffusion barrier. A diffusion barrier is formed herein with a mixed electronic and oxygen ion-conducting membrane of lanthanum-containing perovskite or zirconia-containing fluorite. A heater may be used to maintain an adequate oxygen diffusion coefficient in the mixed conducting layer. 4 figs.

  2. Paraboson coherent states

    SciTech Connect

    Chakrabarti, R.; Stoilova, N. I.; Van der Jeugt, J.

    2010-02-15

    It is known that the defining relations of the orthosymplectic Lie superalgebra osp(1 | 2n) are equivalent to the defining (triple) relations of n pairs of paraboson operators b{sub i}{sup {+-}.} In particular, the 'parabosons of order p' correspond to a unitary irreducible (infinite-dimensional) lowest weight representation V(p) of osp(1 | 2n). Recently we constructed these representations V(p) giving the explicit actions of the osp(1 | 2n) generators. We apply these results for the n = 2 case in order to obtain 'coherent state' representations of the paraboson operators.

  3. State Electricity Profiles

    EIA Publications

    2015-01-01

    The annual report presents data tables describing the electricity industry in each State. Data include: summary statistics; the 10 largest plants by generating capacity; the top five entities ranked by sector; electric power industry generating capacity by primary energy source; electric power industry generation by primary energy source; utility delivered fuel prices for coal, petroleum, and natural gas; electric power industry emissions estimates; retail sales, revenue, and average retail price by sector; retail electricity sales statistics; and supply and disposition of electricity; net metering counts and capacity by technology and customer type; and advanced metering counts by customer type.

  4. Strongly correlated surface states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alexandrov, Victor A.

    Everything has an edge. However trivial, this phrase has dominated theoretical condensed matter in the past half a decade. Prior to that, questions involving the edge considered to be more of an engineering problem rather than a one of fundamental science: it seemed self-evident that every edge is different. However, recent advances proved that many surface properties enjoy a certain universality, and moreover, are 'topologically' protected. In this thesis I discuss a selected range of problems that bring together topological properties of surface states and strong interactions. Strong interactions alone can lead to a wide spectrum of emergent phenomena: from high temperature superconductivity to unconventional magnetic ordering; interactions can change the properties of particles, from heavy electrons to fractional charges. It is a unique challenge to bring these two topics together. The thesis begins by describing a family of methods and models with interactions so high that electrons effectively disappear as particles and new bound states arise. By invoking the AdS/CFT correspondence we can mimic the physical systems of interest as living on the surface of a higher dimensional universe with a black hole. In a specific example we investigate the properties of the surface states and find helical spin structure of emerged particles. The thesis proceeds from helical particles on the surface of black hole to a surface of samarium hexaboride: an f-electron material with localized magnetic moments at every site. Interactions between electrons in the bulk lead to insulating behavior, but the surfaces found to be conducting. This observation motivated an extensive research: weather the origin of conduction is of a topological nature. Among our main results, we confirm theoretically the topological properties of SmB6; introduce a new framework to address similar questions for this type of insulators, called Kondo insulators. Most notably we introduce the idea of Kondo band banding (KBB): a modification of edges and their properties due to interactions. We study (chapter 5) a simplified 1D Kondo model, showing that the topology of its ground state is unstable to KBB. Chapter 6 expands the study to 3D: we argue that not only KBB preserves the topology but it could also explain the experimentally observed anomalously high Fermi velocity at the surface as the case of large KBB effect.

  5. Generalized states in SFT

    E-print Network

    Loriano Bonora; Stefano Giaccari

    2013-10-18

    The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \\`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

  6. Generalized states in SFT

    E-print Network

    Bonora, Loriano

    2013-01-01

    The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \\`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

  7. Generalized states in SFT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonora, L.; Giaccari, S.

    2013-12-01

    The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory à la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

  8. Solid state weld evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thomas, Graham H.

    Theoretical and experimental investigations currently being conducted for diffusion, inertia, and pinch welds are discussed, in conjunction with two physical model types for weld bonds. A model must encompass the causes of defective solid-state welds, the acoustic interaction, and the influence of substrate microstructure. Attention is given to the applicability of acoustic microscopy, in which certain specimen configurations can image the bond-line with sufficient resolution and sensitivity to map micronic areas of a defective bond, and the feature-based pattern-recognition approach, which correlates waveform characteristics with bond quality.

  9. An Overview of the 2015 State of the States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiler, Spencer C.; Hartman, William

    2015-01-01

    In February 2015 a large group of scholars, researchers, and practitioners interested in P-20 finance issues gathered in St. Louis, Missouri, for the National Education Finance Academy's annual conference, on February 25-27, 2015 to discuss, among multiple topics, the state of P-20 finance in all 50 states. There were 35 states represented in the…

  10. Governors' Top Education Issues: State of the States 2014

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomsen, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    Education issues were again at the forefront when the leaders of 42 states and the District of Columbia outlined their priorities in their 2014 State of the State addresses. Governors outlined their plans for increasing the quality and availability of education--from preschool through postsecondary--to spur economic growth and enhance the quality…

  11. STATE SOIL GEOGRAPHIC (STATSGO) DATA BASE FOR THECOTERNIMOUS UNITED STATES

    EPA Science Inventory

    USSOILS is an Arc 7.0 coverage containing hydrology-relevant information for 10,498 map units covering the entire conterminous United States. The coverage was compiled from individual State coverages contained in the October 1994 State Soil Geographic (STATSGO) Data Base produce...

  12. States' Progress and Challenges in Implementing Common Core State Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kober, Nancy; Rentmer, Diane Stark

    2011-01-01

    Most states are participating in the initiative led by the National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers to develop and adopt voluntary common core state standards that will outline what elementary and secondary school students are expected to learn in English language arts and mathematics. Implementing these…

  13. States of Consciousness and State-Specific Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tart, Charles T.

    1972-01-01

    Proposes the development of state-specific sciences" to overcome the problems of scientifically studying altered states of consciousness induced by drugs or meditation from the paradigm of the ordinary consciousness state. The requirements of good observation, public nature of the observation, logical theorizing, and testing of theories by…

  14. State of the States: Fuel Cells in America

    SciTech Connect

    2011-06-15

    This 2011 report, written by Fuel Cells 2000 and partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program, provides an update of fuel cell and hydrogen activity in the 50 states and District of Columbia. State activities reported include new policies and funding, recent and planned fuel cell and hydrogen installations, and recent activities by state industries and universities.

  15. State-by-State Profile of Community Colleges, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Madeline

    This document presents an overview of trends and statistics pertaining to community colleges. The opening charts offer a national view of population served, tuition and revenue data, and popular degrees and career fields. The state-by-state section provides detailed information on each of the 50 states, plus the Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico.…

  16. State Leadership for School Improvement: An Analysis of Three States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louis, Karen Seashore; Thomas, Emanda; Gordon, Molly F.; Febey, Karen S.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Extant reports on states' policy differences are mostly descriptive and largely ignore the pervasive role of political culture on their educational policy-making processes. This article examines the effect of policy culture on states' policy-making mechanisms. There is evidence that a state's political culture is a significant mediating…

  17. [Mixed states and schizophrenia].

    PubMed

    Fakra, E; Belzeaux, R; Pringuey, D; Cermolacce, M; Corréard, N; Micoulaud-Franchi, J-A; Azorin, J-M

    2013-12-01

    Because of their compilation of contrasted symptoms and their variable clinical presentation, mixed episodes have been withdrawn from the DSM. However, mixed states question not only the bonds between depression and mania, but also the distinction between bipolar disorders and schizophrenia. Indeed, doubts about the dichotomy introduced by Kraepelin between bipolar disorders and schizophrenia is as old as the nosolgy itself, as attest the later works of this author revealing his hesitations on his own classification. But findings here reviewed issued from recent technical advances, particularly in the imaging and genetic fields, offer a better understanding of the boundaries between these two disorders. Yet, when confronted to an acute episode, clinicians may find it challenging to distinguish a mixed state from a schizophrenic relapse. Indeed, there is no pathognomonic manifestation allowing to retain a diagnosis with confidence. The physician will therefore have to identify a pattern of signs, which will orient his assessment with no certainty. Thus, negative rather than affective or psychotic symptomatology appears to be useful in discriminating schizophrenia (or schizoaffective) disorders from mixed mania. However, a conclusion during this acute stage appears in definitive a formal exercise, first because the final diagnosis will only be ascertained once the symptoms are amended, and second because, according to our classifications, a mood episode, including mania and mixed mania, can be observed without ruling out the diagnosis of schizophrenia. PMID:24359851

  18. New and conventional charmonium states

    E-print Network

    Xiaolong Wang

    2012-08-20

    There are many exotic properties of the charmonium and charmoniumlike states above $D\\bar{D}$ threshold. The recent experimental results from BaBar and Belle on the new and conventional charmonium states are reviewed in this talk.

  19. MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY NEUROSCIENCE PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY NEUROSCIENCE PROGRAM GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK REVISED FALL 2013 #12;Graduate Student Handbook Neuroscience Program Michigan State University Originally Prepared by: Peter: David Kreulen, Ph.D. ­ Graduate Affairs Committee Chair Adriana Feldpausch ­ Neuroscience Program

  20. Chemical Hygiene Michigan State University

    E-print Network

    Isaacs, Rufus

    Chemical Hygiene Plan Michigan State University Environmental Health and Safety Engineering 2014 #12;ii Michigan State University Chemical Hygiene Plan Table of Contents 1.0 SCOPE.................................................................................................... 1 1.4 HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL DEFINITIONS

  1. Lung Cancer Rates by State

    MedlinePLUS

    ... HPV-Associated Ovarian Prostate Skin Uterine Cancer Home Lung Cancer Rates by State Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend ... which statistics are currently available). Rates of Getting Lung Cancer by State The number of people who get ...

  2. State Cancer Profiles - Prevalence Method

    Cancer.gov

    Close Window State Cancer Profiles Method of Estimation and Data Sources Prevalence Method Calculation of complete cancer prevalence requires several years of incidence data and accurate vital status information at end of follow-up. Five states from

  3. Breast Cancer Rates by State

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Associated Lung Ovarian Prostate Skin Uterine Cancer Home Breast Cancer Rates by State Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend ... from breast cancer each year. Rates of Getting Breast Cancer by State The number of people who get ...

  4. Optimal joint remote state preparation of equatorial states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xihan; Ghose, Shohini

    2015-10-01

    We present a scheme for optimal joint remote state preparation of two-qubit equatorial states. Our protocol improves on a previous scheme (Choudhury and Dhara in Quantum Inf Process 14:373-379, 2015) that had a success probability of 25 %, which increased to 50 % when extra classical information is sent to the receiver. We show that using our modified scheme, the desired state can be prepared deterministically with the same quantum channel. Moreover, we generalize the scheme to prepare N-qubit equatorial states in which the receiver can reconstruct the original state with 100 % success probability.

  5. State of the States. Fuel Cells in America 2012

    SciTech Connect

    Curtin, Sandra; Gangi, Jennifer; Skukowski, Ryan

    2012-09-01

    This report, written by Fuel Cells 2000 and partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program, continues to build on the April 2010 State of the States report that provided a snapshot of fuel cell and hydrogen activity in the 50 states and District of Columbia. This update report provides more details on the progress and activities that happened since the second report, issued in June 2011. Details reported for each state include new policies and funding, recent and planned fuel cell and hydrogen installations, and recent activity by state industry and universities.

  6. Optimal joint remote state preparation of equatorial states

    E-print Network

    Xihan Li; Shohini Ghose

    2015-08-11

    We present a scheme for optimal joint remote state preparation of two-qubit equatorial states. Our protocol improves on a previous scheme (B. S. Choudhury and A. Dhara 2015 Quantum Inf. Process. 14 373) that had a success probability of 25%, which increased to 50% when extra classical information is sent to the receiver. We show that using our modified scheme, the desired state can be prepared deterministically with the same quantum channel. Moreover, we generalize the scheme to prepare N-qubit equatorial states in which the receiver can reconstruct the original state with 100% success probability.

  7. Quantum Conditional Mutual Information, Reconstructed States, and State Redistribution

    E-print Network

    Fernando G. S. L. Brandao; Aram W. Harrow; Jonathan Oppenheim; Sergii Strelchuk

    2015-08-18

    We give two strengthenings of an inequality for the quantum conditional mutual information of a tripartite quantum state recently proved by Fawzi and Renner, connecting it with the ability to reconstruct the state from its bipartite reductions. Namely we show that the conditional mutual information is an upper bound on the regularised relative entropy distance between the quantum state and its reconstructed version. It is also an upper bound for the measured relative entropy distance of the state to its reconstructed version. The main ingredient of the proof is the fact that the conditional mutual information is the optimal quantum communication rate in the task of state redistribution.

  8. Cluster states from Heisenberg interactions

    SciTech Connect

    Borhani, Massoud; Loss, Daniel

    2005-03-01

    We show that a special type of entangled states, cluster states, can be created with Heisenberg interactions and local rotations in 2d steps where d is the dimension of the lattice. We find that, by tuning the coupling strengths, anisotropic exchange interactions can also be employed to create cluster states. Finally, we propose electron spins in quantum dots as a possible realization of a one-way quantum computer based on cluster states.

  9. State Ensembles and Quantum Entropy

    E-print Network

    Subhash Kak

    2015-08-31

    This paper considers quantum communication involving an ensemble of states. Apart from the von Neumann entropy, it considers other measures one of which may be useful in obtaining information about an unknown pure state and another that may be useful in quantum games. It is shown that under certain conditions in a two-party quantum game, the receiver of the states can increase the entropy by adding another pure state.

  10. Supercoherent states and physical systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fatyga, B. W.; Kostelecky, V. Alan; Nieto, Michael Martin; Truax, D. Rodney

    1992-01-01

    A method is developed for obtaining coherent states of a system admitting a supersymmetry. These states are called supercoherent states. The presented approach is based on an extension to supergroups of the usual group-theoretic approach. The example of the supersymmetric harmonic oscillator is discussed, thereby illustrating some of the attractive features of the method. Supercoherent states of an electron moving in a constant magnetic field are also described.

  11. State University System of Florida

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Board of Governors, State University System of Florida, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents some information about the State University System of Florida. The following are presented in this paper: (1) University Work Plans and Annual Reports; (2) State University System 2009 Annual Report; (3) Quick Facts: Planned New Degree Programs--2010 to 2013; (4) State University System Tuition Differential Summary, FY…

  12. 77 FR 20419 - United States

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-04

    ... enrollees when they travel across state lines; purchase health-care services from providers in various states; and receive payments from enrollees in various states. Defendants also purchase health-care... beneficiary wants to limit traditional Medicare's out-of-pocket costs, the beneficiary can purchase a...

  13. STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    Hung, I-Kuai

    STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIVERSITY Finance OVERVIEW FOR ACCOUNT MANAGERS AND SUPPORT PERSONNEL SunGard Higher Education Banner documentation. This document is for use at Stephen F. Austin State: Stephen F. Austin State University Controller's Office Revised: February 19, 2014 OVERVIEW FOR ACCOUNT

  14. 75 FR 81651 - United States

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ...Soc'y of Prof. Engineers v. United States, 435 U.S. 679, 695 (1978); Harkins Amusement Enterprises, Inc. v. General Cinema Corp., 850 F.2d 477, 487 (9th Cir. 1988). Prior to United States v. Adobe Systems, Inc., the United States...

  15. 11 The Pennsylvania State University

    E-print Network

    Maroncelli, Mark

    #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;11 The Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth College Adam J. Sorkin Date College Program Head The Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth College Diane M. Disney 12/16/04 Diane M. Disney, Dean Date The Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth College Penn

  16. Displaced rotations of coherent states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Podoshvedov, Sergey A.

    2012-12-01

    We propose an approach with displaced states that can be used for rotations of coherent states. Our approach is based on representation of arbitrary one-mode pure state in free-travelling fields, in particular superposition of coherent states (SCSs), in terms of displaced number states with arbitrary amplitude of displacement. Optical scheme is developed for construction of displacing Hadamard gate for the coherent states. It is based on alternation of single photon additions and displacement operators (in general case, N-singe photon additions and N - 1-displacements are required) with seed coherent state to generate both even and odd displaced squeezed SCSs regardless of number of used photon additions. The optical scheme is sensitive to the seed coherent state provided that other parameters of the scheme are invariable. Output states approximate with high fidelity either even squeezed SCS or odd SCS shifted relative each other by some value. It enables to construct local rotations for coherent states, in particular, Hadamard gate being mainframe element for quantum computation with coherent states. The effects deteriorating quality of output states are considered.

  17. State Definitions of Emotional Disturbance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wery, Jessica J.; Cullinan, Douglas

    2013-01-01

    This article examines definitions state education agencies use to describe the federal education disability called "emotional disturbance." State definitions were collected so that various aspects of them could be analyzed and compared with results of similar studies completed in the 1970s and 1980s. Among results are that state definitions have…

  18. BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT STUDENT HANDBOOK 2014-2015 Providing University in concurrent enrollment opportunities. For the past 16 years Boise State has been working to build the premier concurrent enrollment program in the state of Idaho. Our focus is in providing you with rigorous academic

  19. BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT STUDENT HANDBOOK 2015-2016 Providing University on Facebook! Search for Boise State Concurrent Enrollment. R Welcome to Concurrent Enrollment Introduction Free Tutorial Services 2 myBoiseState Account and Email 3 R Credits for Concurrent Enrollment Credits 3

  20. Academic Accountability and State Intervention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, John W.

    This speech discusses the national emerging trend toward state intervention in local educational processes as part of the academic accountability movement. It provides examples of reforms and improvements whereby state intervention furnished local school improvement. The address focuses on state intervention in Jersey City, New Jersey; predicts…

  1. Penn State DOE GATE Program

    SciTech Connect

    Anstrom, Joel

    2012-08-31

    The Graduate Automotive Technology Education (GATE) Program at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) was established in October 1998 pursuant to an award from the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE). The focus area of the Penn State GATE Program is advanced energy storage systems for electric and hybrid vehicles.

  2. Local cloning of CAT states

    E-print Network

    Ramij Rahaman

    2011-06-09

    In this Letter we analyze the (im)possibility of the exact cloning of orthogonal three-qubit CAT states under local operation and classical communication(LOCC) with the help of a restricted entangled state. We also classify the three-qubit CAT states that can(not) be cloned under LOCC restrictions and extend the results to the n-qubit case.

  3. Quantum universality by state distillation

    E-print Network

    Ben W. Reichardt

    2009-07-13

    Quantum universality can be achieved using classically controlled stabilizer operations and repeated preparation of certain ancilla states. Which ancilla states suffice for universality? This "magic states distillation" question is closely related to quantum fault tolerance. Lower bounds on the noise tolerable on the ancilla help give lower bounds on the tolerable noise rate threshold for fault-tolerant computation. Upper bounds show the limits of threshold upper-bound arguments based on the Gottesman-Knill theorem. We extend the range of single-qubit mixed states that are known to give universality, by using a simple parity-checking operation. For applications to proving threshold lower bounds, certain practical stability characteristics are often required, and we also show a stable distillation procedure. No distillation upper bounds are known beyond those given by the Gottesman-Knill theorem. One might ask whether distillation upper bounds reduce to upper bounds for single-qubit ancilla states. For multi-qubit pure states and previously considered two-qubit ancilla states, the answer is yes. However, we exhibit two-qubit mixed states that are not mixtures of stabilizer states, but for which every postselected stabilizer reduction from two qubits to one outputs a mixture of stabilizer states. Distilling such states would require true multi-qubit state distillation methods.

  4. Solid state power controllers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gibbs, R. S.

    1973-01-01

    The rationale, analysis, design, breadboarding and testing of the incremental functional requirements are reported that led to the development of prototype 1 and 5 Amp dc and 1 Amp ac solid state power controllers (SSPC's). The SSPC's are to be considered for use as a replacement of electro-mechanical relays and circuit breakers in future spacecraft and aircraft. They satisfy the combined function of both the relay and circuit breaker and can be remotely controlled by small signals, typically 10 mA, 5 to 28 Vdc. They have the advantage over conventional relay/circuit breaker systems in that they can be located near utilization equipment and the primary ac or dc bus. The low level control, trip indication and status signals can be circuited by small guage wire for control, computer interface, logic, electrical multiplexing, unboard testing, and power management and distribution purposes. This results in increased system versatility at appreciable weight saving and increased reliability.

  5. Solid state television camera

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    The design, fabrication, and tests of a solid state television camera using a new charge-coupled imaging device are reported. An RCA charge-coupled device arranged in a 512 by 320 format and directly compatible with EIA format standards was the sensor selected. This is a three-phase, sealed surface-channel array that has 163,840 sensor elements, which employs a vertical frame transfer system for image readout. Included are test results of the complete camera system, circuit description and changes to such circuits as a result of integration and test, maintenance and operation section, recommendations to improve the camera system, and a complete set of electrical and mechanical drawing sketches.

  6. Solid state rapid thermocycling

    DOEpatents

    Beer, Neil Reginald; Spadaccini, Christopher

    2014-05-13

    The rapid thermal cycling of a material is targeted. A solid state heat exchanger with a first well and second well is coupled to a power module. A thermoelectric element is coupled to the first well, the second well, and the power module, is configured to transfer thermal energy from the first well to the second well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a first direction, and is configured to transfer thermal energy from the second well to the first well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a second direction. A controller may be coupled to the thermoelectric elements, and may switch the direction of current flowing through the thermoelectric element in response to a determination by sensors coupled to the wells that the amount of thermal energy in the wells falls below or exceeds a pre-determined threshold.

  7. The strained state cosmology

    E-print Network

    Tartaglia, Angelo

    2015-01-01

    Starting from some relevant facts concerning the behaviour of the universe over large scale and time span, the analogy between the geometric approach of General Relativ- ity and the classical description of an elastic strained material continuum is discussed. Extending the elastic deformation approach to four dimensions it is shown that the accelerated expansion of the universe is recovered. The strain field of space-time repro- duces properties similar to the ones ascribed to the dark energy currently called in to explain the accelerated expansion. The strain field in the primordial universe behaves as radiation, but asymptotically it reproduces the cosmological constant. Subjecting the theory to a number of cosmological tests confirms the soundness of the approach and gives an optimal value for the one parameter of the model, i.e. the bulk modulus of the space-time continuum. Finally various aspects of the Strained State Cosmology (SSC) are discussed and contrasted with some non-linear massive gravity theor...

  8. Weather and emotional state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spasova, Z.

    2010-09-01

    Introduction Given the proven effects of weather on the human organism, an attempt to examine its effects on a psychic and emotional level has been made. Emotions affect the bio-tonus, working ability and concentration, hence their significance in various domains of economic life, such as health care, education, transportation, tourism, etc. Data and methods The research has been made in Sofia City within a period of 8 months, using 5 psychological methods (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Test for Self-assessment of the emotional state (developed by Wessman and Ricks), Test for evaluation of moods and Test "Self-confidence - Activity - Mood" (developed by the specialists from the Military Academy in Saint Petersburg). The Fiodorov-Chubukov's complex-climatic method was used to characterize meteorological conditions because of the purpose to include in the analysis a maximal number of meteorological elements. 16 weather types are defined in dependence of the meteorological elements values according to this method. Abrupt weather changes from one day to another, defined by the same method, were considered as well. Results and discussions The results obtained by t-test show that the different categories of weather lead to changes in the emotional status, which indicates a character either positive or negative for the organism. The abrupt weather changes, according to expectations, have negative effect on human emotions but only when a transition to the cloudy weather or weather type, classified as "unfavourable" has been realized. The relationship between weather and human emotions is rather complicated since it depends on individual characteristics of people. One of these individual psychological characteristics, marked by the dimension "neuroticism", has a strong effect on emotional reactions in different weather conditions. Emotionally stable individuals are more "protected" to the weather influence on their emotions, while those who are emotionally unstable have a stronger dependence to the impacts of the weather.

  9. 77 FR 72742 - Approval and Promulgation of State Implementation Plans: State of Washington; Regional Haze State...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-06

    ...TransAlta). The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) submitted its Regional Haze State Implementation...Haze Rule at 40 CFR 50.308. On December 29, 2011 Ecology submitted an update to the SIP submittal...

  10. Optimal broadcasting of mixed states

    SciTech Connect

    Dang Guifang; Fan Heng

    2007-08-15

    The N to M (M{>=}N) universal quantum broadcasting of mixed states {rho}{sup xN} is proposed for a qubit system. The broadcasting of mixed states is universal and optimal in the sense that the shrinking factor is independent of the input state and achieves the upper bound. The quantum broadcasting of mixed qubits is a generalization of the universal quantum cloning machine for identical pure input states. A pure state decomposition of the identical mixed qubits {rho}{sup xN} is obtained.

  11. Entropic measure and hypergraph states

    E-print Network

    Ri Qu; Yi-ping Ma; Yan-ru Bao; Juan Wang; Zong-shang Li

    2013-05-03

    We investigate some properties of the entanglement of hypergraph states in purely hypergraph theoretical terms. We first introduce an approach for computing local entropic measure on qubit t of a hypergraph state by using the Hamming weight of the so-called t-adjacent subhypergraph. Then we quantify and characterize the entanglement of hypergraph states in terms of local entropic measures obtained by using the above approach. Our results show that a class of n-qubit hypergraph states can not be converted into any graph state under local unitary transformations.

  12. Typical entanglement of stabilizer states

    E-print Network

    Graeme Smith; Debbie Leung

    2006-12-15

    How entangled is a randomly chosen bipartite stabilizer state? We show that if the number of qubits each party holds is large the state will be close to maximally entangled with probability exponentially close to one. We provide a similar tight characterization of the entanglement present in the maximally mixed state of a randomly chosen stabilizer code. Finally, we show that typically very few GHZ states can be extracted from a random multipartite stabilizer state via local unitary operations. Our main tool is a new concentration inequality which bounds deviations from the mean of random variables which are naturally defined on the Clifford group.

  13. Risk and the welfare state.

    PubMed

    Taylor-Gooby, P; Dean, H; Munro, M; Parker, G

    1999-06-01

    The British welfare state developed as a state-centred response to the problem of handling the risks encountered in a typical life-course. The influential work of Giddens and others implies that the traditional welfare state is under attack from two directions: a changing international politico-economic environment limits the freedom of national governments to pursue independent policies involving relatively high taxation to finance social spending. At the same time, changes in the experience of risk and declining confidence in the expertise of welfare state planners and professionals undermine support for state-centred solutions. This approach fails to acknowledge that available non-state services are often inadequate to meet many everyday life risks and that the authority of private sector advisers, insurers and professionals is also increasingly open to question. This article discusses whether people reject welfare state solutions to problems of risk in the context of research on the perceptions and behaviour of people buying or selling their homes, considering provision for long-term care needs and defrauding social security carried out by the ESRC's Economic Beliefs and Behaviour programme. Individual responses endorse the continued provision of state welfare in order to meet unprovided risks alongside disenchantment with the record of both state and private professionals and planners and awareness that state retrenchment requires greater individual responsibility for meeting one's own needs. The theory of risk society requires development to recognize that citizens are not necessarily alienated from state welfare. PMID:15260022

  14. Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 2007, 2: 345367 Rich State, Poor State, Red State,

    E-print Network

    Gelman, Andrew

    Monica -- elect liberal Democrats. --David Brooks, 2004 A lot of Bush's red zones can be trQuarterly Journal of Political Science, 2007, 2: 345­367 Rich State, Poor State, Red State, BlueDepartment of Statistics and Department of Political Science, Columbia University, New York, USA; gelman

  15. Probabilistic cloning of equidistant states

    SciTech Connect

    Jimenez, O.; Roa, Luis; Delgado, A.

    2010-08-15

    We study the probabilistic cloning of equidistant states. These states are such that the inner product between them is a complex constant or its conjugate. Thereby, it is possible to study their cloning in a simple way. In particular, we are interested in the behavior of the cloning probability as a function of the phase of the overlap among the involved states. We show that for certain families of equidistant states Duan and Guo's cloning machine leads to cloning probabilities lower than the optimal unambiguous discrimination probability of equidistant states. We propose an alternative cloning machine whose cloning probability is higher than or equal to the optimal unambiguous discrimination probability for any family of equidistant states. Both machines achieve the same probability for equidistant states whose inner product is a positive real number.

  16. 42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws...sponsors. (b) State premium taxes prohibited —(1)...

  17. Bracket states for communication protocols with coherent states

    E-print Network

    Alessia Allevi; Stefano Olivares; Maria Bondani

    2014-03-27

    We present the generation and characterization of the class of bracket states, namely phase-sensitive mixtures of coherent states exhibiting symmetry properties in the phase-space description. A bracket state can be seen as the statistical ensemble arriving at a receiver in a typical coherent-state-based communication channel. We show that when a bracket state is mixed at a beam splitter with a local oscillator, both the emerging beams exhibit a Fano factor larger than 1 and dependent on the relative phase between the input state and the local oscillator. We discuss the possibility to exploit this dependence to monitor the phase difference for the enhancement of the performances of a simple communication scheme based on direct detection. Our experimental setup involves linear optical elements and a pair of photon-number-resolving detectors operated in the mesoscopic photon-number domain.

  18. Splitting Unknown Qubit State Using Five-Qubit Entangled State

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Dong-fen; Wang, Rui-jin; Zhang, Feng-li; Qin, Zhi-guang; Baagyere, Edward

    2015-10-01

    In this paper, we demonstrate how a five-qubit entangled state can be used to realize the deterministic Quantum State Sharing (QSTS) of a single and two-qubit state among three parties by performing von-Neumann measurement and bell-state measurements. In our scheme, any of the two agents has the ability to reconstruct the original state if he/she collaborates with the other agent,otherwise an individual agent does not have enough information to reconstruct the original state. The paper also outlines the various measurements and mathematical framework of the scheme. The security analysis of our scheme against two attacks scenarios prove that the scheme is secure against an eavesdropper attack and a malicious attacks.

  19. Fake state attack on practically decoy state quantum key distribution

    E-print Network

    Yong-gang Tan

    2012-02-15

    In this paper, security of practically decoy state quantum key distribution under fake state attack is considered. If quantum key distribution is insecure under this type of attack, decoy sources can not also provide it with enough security. Strictly analysis shows that Eve should eavesdrop with the aid of photon-number-resolving instruments. In practical implementation of decoy state quantum key distribution where statistical fluctuation is considered, however, Eve can attack it successfully with threshold detectors.

  20. Michigan State of the State 24 Weight Variable: statewt

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    of the State 24 Page i CONTENTS item page ID1 Case Identification Number 1 R1 Data Record I 1 regn Region 1 X1 Government 4 la3 Informed County Government 5 la4 Informed State Government 5 la5 Informed Federal Government 6 la8 Effect Local Government 6 la9 Effect County Government 7 la10 Effect State Government 7 la11

  1. State of the States: Fuel Cells in America 2013

    SciTech Connect

    Curtin, Sandra; Gangi, Jennifer

    2013-10-31

    This October 2013 report, written by Fuel Cells 2000 and partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office, continues to build on the April 2010 State of the States report that provided a snapshot of fuel cell and hydrogen activity in the 50 states and District of Columbia. This update report provides more details on the progress and activities that happened since the third report, issued in August 2012.

  2. State of the States: Fuel Cells in America, 2010

    SciTech Connect

    Curtin, Sandra; Delmont, Elizabeth; Gangi, Jennifer

    2010-04-01

    This report, written by Fuel Cells 2000 and partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program, provides a snapshot of fuel cell and hydrogen activity in the 50 states and District of Columbia. It features the top five fuel cell states (in alphabetical order): California, Connecticut, New York, Ohio, and South Carolina. State activities reported include supportive fuel cell and hydrogen policies, installations and demonstrations, road maps, and level of activism.

  3. Pointer states via engineered dissipation

    SciTech Connect

    Khodjasteh, Kaveh; Viola, Lorenza; Dobrovitski, Viatcheslav V.

    2011-08-15

    Pointer states are long-lasting high-fidelity states in open quantum systems. We show how any pure state in a non-Markovian open quantum system can be made to behave as a pointer state by suitably engineering the coupling to the environment via open-loop periodic control. Engineered pointer states are constructed as approximate fixed points of the controlled open-system dynamics, in such a way that they are guaranteed to survive over a long time with a fidelity determined by the relative precision with which the dynamics is engineered. We provide quantitative minimum-fidelity bounds by identifying symmetry and ergodicity conditions that the decoherence-inducing perturbation must obey in the presence of control, and develop explicit pulse sequences for engineering any desired set of orthogonal states as pointer states. These general control protocols are validated through exact numerical simulations as well as semiclassical approximations in realistic single- and two-qubit dissipative systems. We also examine the role of control imperfections, and show that while pointer-state engineering protocols are highly robust in the presence of systematic pulse errors, the latter can also lead to unintended pointer-state generation in dynamical decoupling implementations, explaining the initial-state selectivity observed in recent experiments.

  4. Construction of quantum states by special superpositions of coherent states

    E-print Network

    P. Adam; E. Molnar; G. Mogyorosi; A. Varga; M. Mechler; J. Janszky

    2014-11-25

    We consider the optimal approximation of certain quantum states of a harmonic oscillator with the superposition of a finite number of coherent states in phase space placed either on an ellipse or on a certain lattice. These scenarios are currently experimentally feasible. The parameters of the ellipse and the lattice and the coefficients of the constituent coherent states are optimized numerically, via a genetic algorithm, in order to obtain the best approximation. It is found that for certain quantum states the obtained approximation is better than the ones known from the literature thus far.

  5. 7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1220.615 State...

  6. 7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1220.615 State...

  7. 7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United...

  8. 7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United...

  9. 7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United...

  10. 7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United...

  11. 7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United...

  12. North Carolina State University Adaptive Parameter

    E-print Network

    Chow, Mo-Yuen

    North Carolina State University Adaptive Parameter Identification and State-of-Charge Estimation to the slope of the VOC- SOC curve. Index Terms--Battery Parameter Estimation, Parameter Identification, State or grid. The "state" here refers to the battery State-of-Charge (SOC), State-of-Health (SOH), and State-of-Life

  13. United States West Coast

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    On Thursday (Feb. 14, 2002), the cloud cover that often overshadows the western United States this time of year broke to provide those at the Olympic Games with a beautiful day. The nearly cloud-free day was captured by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASAs Terra spacecraft. A thick layer of snow blankets northernmost Nevada, northern Utah, most of Idaho and western Wyoming. The snow surrounds and highlights Utahs Great Salt Lake. Just south of the lake, clouds can be seen hovering over southern Utah. (In general, clouds appear streaky and uneven on a satellite image, and snow cover appears solid with definable borders.) North of the Great Salt Lake, one can clearly discern the light gray Northern Rocky Mountains cutting through Idaho and up into Canada. Moving southwest, the spine-like Sierra Nevada mountains separate the greenery of Southern California from the brown deserts of Arizona and Nevada. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  14. Solid state laser

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rines, Glen A. (Inventor); Moulton, Peter F. (Inventor); Harrison, James (Inventor)

    1993-01-01

    A wavelength-tunable, injection-seeded, dispersion-compensated, dispersively-pumped solid state laser includes a lasing medium; a highly reflective mirror; an output coupler; at least one isosceles Brewster prism oriented to the minimum deviation angle between the medium and the mirror for directing light of different wavelengths along different paths; means for varying the angle of the highly reflective mirror relative to the light from at least one Brewster angle for selecting a predetermined laser operating wavelength; a dispersion compensation apparatus associated with the lasing medium; a laser injection seeding port disposed between the dispersion compensation apparatus and one of the mirror and coupler and including a reflective surface at an acute non-Brewster angle to the laser beam for introducing a seed input; a dispersion compensation apparatus associated with the laser medium including opposite chirality optical elements; the lasing medium including a pump surface disposed at an acute angle to the laser beam to define a discrete path for the pumping laser beam separate from the pumped laser beam.

  15. Probability state modeling theory.

    PubMed

    Bagwell, C Bruce; Hunsberger, Benjamin C; Herbert, Donald J; Munson, Mark E; Hill, Beth L; Bray, Chris M; Preffer, Frederic I

    2015-07-01

    As the technology of cytometry matures, there is mounting pressure to address two major issues with data analyses. The first issue is to develop new analysis methods for high-dimensional data that can directly reveal and quantify important characteristics associated with complex cellular biology. The other issue is to replace subjective and inaccurate gating with automated methods that objectively define subpopulations and account for population overlap due to measurement uncertainty. Probability state modeling (PSM) is a technique that addresses both of these issues. The theory and important algorithms associated with PSM are presented along with simple examples and general strategies for autonomous analyses. PSM is leveraged to better understand B-cell ontogeny in bone marrow in a companion Cytometry Part B manuscript. Three short relevant videos are available in the online supporting information for both of these papers. PSM avoids the dimensionality barrier normally associated with high-dimensionality modeling by using broadened quantile functions instead of frequency functions to represent the modulation of cellular epitopes as cells differentiate. Since modeling programs ultimately minimize or maximize one or more objective functions, they are particularly amenable to automation and, therefore, represent a viable alternative to subjective and inaccurate gating approaches. PMID:26012929

  16. The strained state cosmology

    E-print Network

    Angelo Tartaglia

    2015-10-03

    Starting from some relevant facts concerning the behaviour of the universe over large scale and time span, the analogy between the geometric approach of General Relativ- ity and the classical description of an elastic strained material continuum is discussed. Extending the elastic deformation approach to four dimensions it is shown that the accelerated expansion of the universe is recovered. The strain field of space-time repro- duces properties similar to the ones ascribed to the dark energy currently called in to explain the accelerated expansion. The strain field in the primordial universe behaves as radiation, but asymptotically it reproduces the cosmological constant. Subjecting the theory to a number of cosmological tests confirms the soundness of the approach and gives an optimal value for the one parameter of the model, i.e. the bulk modulus of the space-time continuum. Finally various aspects of the Strained State Cosmology (SSC) are discussed and contrasted with some non-linear massive gravity theories. The possible role of structure topological defects is also mentioned. The conclusion is that SSC is at least as good as the LCDM standard cosmology, giving a more intuitive interpretation of the physical nature of the phenomena.

  17. Chimera states in bursting neurons

    E-print Network

    Bidesh K. Bera; Dibakar Ghosh; M. Lakshmanan

    2015-07-09

    We study the existence of chimera states in pulse-coupled networks of bursting Hindmarsh-Rose neurons with nonlocal, global and local (nearest neighbor) couplings. Through a linear stability analysis, we discuss the behavior of stability function in the incoherent (i.e. disorder), coherent, chimera and multi-chimera states. Surprisingly, we find that chimera and multi-chimera states occur even using local nearest neighbor interaction in a network of identical bursting neurons alone. This is in contrast with the existence of chimera states in populations of nonlocally or globally coupled oscillators. A chemical synaptic coupling function is used which plays a key role in the emergence of chimera states in bursting neurons. Existence of chimera, multi-chimera, coherent and disordered states are confirmed by means of the recently introduced statistical measures.

  18. Bipartite entanglement and hypergraph states

    E-print Network

    Ri Qu; Juan Wang; Yan-ru Bao; Zong-shang Li; Yi-ping Ma

    2013-05-18

    We investigate some properties of multipartite entanglement of hypergraph states in purely hypergraph theoretical terms. We first introduce an approach for computing the concurrence between two specific qubits of a hypergraph state by using the so-called Hamming weights of several special subhypergraphs of the corresponding hypergraph. Then we quantify and characterize bipartite entanglement between each qubit pair of several special hypergraph states in terms of the concurrence obtained by using the above approach. Our main results include that (i) a graph g has a component with the vertex set {i,j} if and only if the qubit pair labeled by {i,j} of the graph state |g> is entangled; and (ii) each qubit pair of a special hypergraph state is entangled like the generalized W state.

  19. Distinguishability of the symmetric states

    E-print Network

    M. A. Jafarizadeh; P. Sadeghi; d. Akhgar; P. Mahmoudi

    2015-03-20

    In this paper, the distinguishability of multipartite geometrically uniform quantum states obtained from a single reference state is studied in the symmetric subspace. We specially focus our attention on the unitary transformation in a way that the produced states remain in the symmetric subspace, so rotation group with Jy as the generator of rotation is applied. The optimal probability and measurements are obtained for the pure and some special mixed separable states and the results are compared with those obtained at the previous articles for the special cases. The results are valid for lin- early dependent states. The discrimination of these states is also investigated using the separable measurement. We introduce appropriate transformation to gain the optimal separable measurements equivalent to the optimal global measurements with the same optimal probability.

  20. Chimera states in bursting neurons

    E-print Network

    Bidesh K. Bera; Dibakar Ghosh; M. Lakshmanan

    2015-12-08

    We study the existence of chimera states in pulse-coupled networks of bursting Hindmarsh-Rose neurons with nonlocal, global and local (nearest neighbor) couplings. Through a linear stability analysis, we discuss the behavior of stability function in the incoherent (i.e. disorder), coherent, chimera and multi-chimera states. Surprisingly, we find that chimera and multi-chimera states occur even using local nearest neighbor interaction in a network of identical bursting neurons alone. This is in contrast with the existence of chimera states in populations of nonlocally or globally coupled oscillators. A chemical synaptic coupling function is used which plays a key role in the emergence of chimera states in bursting neurons. Existence of chimera, multi-chimera, coherent and disordered states are confirmed by means of the recently introduced statistical measures and mean phase velocity.

  1. Laplacian State Transfer in Coronas

    E-print Network

    Ethan Ackelsberg; Zachary Brehm; Ada Chan; Joshua Mundinger; Christino Tamon

    2015-08-22

    We prove that the corona product of two graphs has no Laplacian perfect state transfer whenever the first graph has at least two vertices. This complements a result of Coutinho and Liu who showed that no tree of size greater than two has Laplacian perfect state transfer. In contrast, we prove that the corona product of two graphs exhibits Laplacian pretty good state transfer, under some mild conditions. This provides the first known examples of families of graphs with Laplacian pretty good state transfer. Our result extends of the work of Fan and Godsil on double stars to the Laplacian setting. Moreover, we also show that the corona product of any cocktail party graph with a single vertex graph has Laplacian pretty good state transfer, even though odd cocktail party graphs have no perfect state transfer.

  2. Ordering relations for quantum states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Durham, Ian

    2015-03-01

    It is often desirable to model physical states in an order-theoretic manner, e.g. as a partially ordered set. Classical states are known to possess a unique ordering relation corresponding to a neo-realist interpretation of these states. No such unique relation exists for quantum states. This lack of a unique ordering relation for quantum states turns out to be a manifestation of quantum contextuality vis-à-vis the Kochen-Specker theorem. It also turns out that this provides a link to certain large-scale thermodynamic processes. The suggestion that the ordering of quantum states leads to macroscopic thermodynamic processes is at least five decades old. The suggestion that the mechanism that drives the ordering is contextuality, is unique to this work. The argument is framed in the language of the theories of domains, categories, and topoi. Financial support provided by FQXi.

  3. Neutrino production states and NSI

    E-print Network

    Robert Szafron; Marek Zralek

    2010-10-28

    The problems of neutrino production states, prepared to the oscillation process, in the case of non standard interactions, are briefly discussed. Quantum neutrino states are determined from the dynamics of a production process. We show, that even in models where only left-handed neutrinos are introduced, the standard adopted procedure is valid only approximately. Entanglement between neutrino masses or between masses, flavour and spins cause, that their quantum states are mixed.

  4. Neutrino production states and NSI

    E-print Network

    Szafron, Robert

    2010-01-01

    The problems of neutrino production states, prepared to the oscillation process, in the case of non standard interactions, are briefly discussed. Quantum neutrino states are determined from the dynamics of a production process. We show, that even in models where only left-handed neutrinos are introduced, the standard adopted procedure is valid only approximately. Entanglement between neutrino masses or between masses, flavour and spins cause, that their quantum states are mixed.

  5. Local cloning of entangled states

    SciTech Connect

    Gheorghiu, Vlad; Yu Li; Cohen, Scott M.

    2010-08-15

    We investigate the conditions under which a set S of pure bipartite quantum states on a DxD system can be locally cloned deterministically by separable operations, when at least one of the states is full Schmidt rank. We allow for the possibility of cloning using a resource state that is less than maximally entangled. Our results include that: (i) all states in S must be full Schmidt rank and equally entangled under the G-concurrence measure, and (ii) the set S can be extended to a larger clonable set generated by a finite group G of order |G|=N, the number of states in the larger set. It is then shown that any local cloning apparatus is capable of cloning a number of states that divides D exactly. We provide a complete solution for two central problems in local cloning, giving necessary and sufficient conditions for (i) when a set of maximally entangled states can be locally cloned, valid for all D; and (ii) local cloning of entangled qubit states with nonvanishing entanglement. In both of these cases, we show that a maximally entangled resource is necessary and sufficient, and the states must be related to each other by local unitary 'shift' operations. These shifts are determined by the group structure, so need not be simple cyclic permutations. Assuming this shifted form and partially entangled states, then in D=3 we show that a maximally entangled resource is again necessary and sufficient, while for higher-dimensional systems, we find that the resource state must be strictly more entangled than the states in S. All of our necessary conditions for separable operations are also necessary conditions for local operations and classical communication (LOCC), since the latter is a proper subset of the former. In fact, all our results hold for LOCC, as our sufficient conditions are demonstrated for LOCC, directly.

  6. Bulk pesticide storage - state perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Buzicky, G.

    1994-12-31

    State bulk pesticide storage regulations continue to evolve differentially due, in large part, to the absence of federal regulations. This is about to change because of the pending promulgation of 40 CFR Part 165, as amended in 1988 by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rules regarding storage, handling and disposal. Until final adoption of the rules by EPA, states continue to address bulk pesticide storage and handling according to individual state statute, rules and guidelines.

  7. Detecting Strangeness -4 Dibaryon States

    E-print Network

    Gerald A. Miller

    2006-07-17

    Recent experiments at Jefferson Laboratory and potential new facilities at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) make it evident that the discovery of a spin-singlet S-wave di-cascade bound state of two cascade (Xi) particles is feasible. We state the simple arguments, based on SU(3) flavor symmetry, for the existence of this bound state, review the previous predictions and comment on the experimental conditions necessary for detection.

  8. B States at the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect

    Paulini, Manfred; /Carnegie Mellon U.

    2009-06-01

    The CDF and D0 experiments have produced a wealth of heavy flavor physics results since the beginning of RunII of the Fermilab Tevatron. They review recent measurements of B hadron states including excited B states (B**, B{sub s}**) and the B{sub c}{sup +} meson. They also summarize the discoveries of the {Sigma}{sub b} baryon states and the {Xi}{sub b}{sup -} baryon.

  9. State Identification in Nonlinear Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Holloway, James Paul

    2005-02-06

    A state estimation method based on finding a system state that causes a model to match a set of system measurements is regularized by requiring that sudden changes in system state be avoided. The required optimization is accomplished by a pattern search algorithm. The method does not require derivative information or linearization of the model. Is has been applied to a 10 dimensional model of a fast reactor system.

  10. Semiclassical states for quantum cosmology

    SciTech Connect

    Husain, Viqar; Winkler, Oliver

    2007-01-15

    In a metric variable based Hamiltonian quantization, we give a prescription for constructing semiclassical matter-geometry states for homogeneous and isotropic cosmological models. These 'collective' states arise as infinite linear combinations of fundamental excitations in an unconventional polymer quantization. They satisfy a number of properties characteristic of semiclassicality, such as peaking on classical phase space configurations. We describe how these states can be used to determine quantum corrections to the classical evolution equations, and to compute the initial state of the universe by a backward time evolution.

  11. Bipartite entanglement and hypergraph states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qu, Ri; Shang, Bing-jian; Wang, Juan; Bao, Yan-ru; Li, Zong-shang; Ma, Yi-ping; Song, Da-wei

    2015-02-01

    We investigate some properties of multipartite entanglement of hypergraph states in purely hypergraph theoretical terms. We first introduce an approach for computing the concurrence between two specific qubits of a hypergraph state by using the so-called Hamming weights of several special subhypergraphs of the corresponding hypergraph. Then, we quantify and characterize bipartite entanglement between each qubit pair of several special hypergraph states in terms of the concurrence obtained by using the above approach. Our main result includes that a graph g has a component with the vertex set if and only if the qubit pair labeled by of the graph state is entangled.

  12. Guidance for state attainment plans

    SciTech Connect

    Strait, R.

    1994-06-01

    Title I of the Clean Air act Amendments of 1990 significantly changed requirements for regulatory agencies to prepare state implementation plans that demonstrate attainment of the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards. State agencies now are required to submit plans that show how they will meet the standards by their attainment date. EPA has published a series of guidance documents to assist states in preparing their plans. In addition, the agency is developing software to assist states in projecting emissions and tracking reductions. This article summarizes the guidance documents and software program.

  13. State coal profiles, January 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-02-02

    The purpose of State Coal Profiles is to provide basic information about the deposits, production, and use of coal in each of the 27 States with coal production in 1992. Although considerable information on coal has been published on a national level, there is a lack of a uniform overview for the individual States. This report is intended to help fill that gap and also to serve as a framework for more detailed studies. While focusing on coal output, State Coal Profiles shows that the coal-producing States are major users of coal, together accounting for about three-fourths of total US coal consumption in 1992. Each coal-producing State is profiled with a description of its coal deposits and a discussion of the development of its coal industry. Estimates of coal reserves in 1992 are categorized by mining method and sulfur content. Trends, patterns, and other information concerning production, number of mines, miners, productivity, mine price of coal, disposition, and consumption of coal are detailed in statistical tables for selected years from 1980 through 1992. In addition, coal`s contribution to the State`s estimated total energy consumption is given for 1991, the latest year for which data are available. A US summary of all data is provided for comparing individual States with the Nation as a whole. Sources of information are given at the end of the tables.

  14. Single electron states in polyethylene

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Y.; School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 ; MacKernan, D.; Cubero, D. E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk; Coker, D. F.; Department of Chemistry, Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 ; Quirke, N. E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk

    2014-04-21

    We report computer simulations of an excess electron in various structural motifs of polyethylene at room temperature, including lamellar and interfacial regions between amorphous and lamellae, as well as nanometre-sized voids. Electronic properties such as density of states, mobility edges, and mobilities are computed on the different phases using a block Lanczos algorithm. Our results suggest that the electronic density of states for a heterogeneous material can be approximated by summing the single phase density of states weighted by their corresponding volume fractions. Additionally, a quantitative connection between the localized states of the excess electron and the local atomic structure is presented.

  15. State observer for synchronous motors

    DOEpatents

    Lang, Jeffrey H. (Waltham, MA)

    1994-03-22

    A state observer driven by measurements of phase voltages and currents for estimating the angular orientation of a rotor of a synchronous motor such as a variable reluctance motor (VRM). Phase voltages and currents are detected and serve as inputs to a state observer. The state observer includes a mathematical model of the electromechanical operation of the synchronous motor. The characteristics of the state observer are selected so that the observer estimates converge to the actual rotor angular orientation and velocity, winding phase flux linkages or currents.

  16. State Energy Overview. [Contains glossary

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-10-01

    An overview of selected energy-related data for the United States, for each state, and for the District of Columbia is presented. Included are the quantities of energy produced and consumed, estimates of fuel reserves, the value of nonrenewable fuels produced by type, energy expenditures, and consumer prices. Also provided for each state are selected demographic and energy-related information that have been ranked and expressed as a percent of the national total. This overview provides a ready reference and a quick access to selected state energy information and state rankings for various socioeconomic and energy items. The State Energy Overview is arranged in five sections. The first section presents United States totals and an overview of state rankings. The second depicts data for the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The glossary presents definitions germane to this publication and the fourth section describes methodology and includes remarks concerning the information and methods used to estimate 1982 consumption numbers. The fifth section presents sources of data and information for this publication. A summary of each section is included.

  17. Gibbs states for AF algebras

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golodets, Valentin Ya.; Neshveyev, Sergey V.

    1998-12-01

    We consider a special class of C*-systems containing asymptotically Abelian binary shifts and shifts of Temperley-Lieb algebras. We study Gibbs states for these systems corresponding to potentials with finite range interaction, and obtain the same results as the well-known Araki's results for a one-dimensional quantum lattice. In particular, it is proved that a Gibbs state in the infinite volume is a translation invariant KMS state having the exponential uniform clustering property. Entropic properties of the Gibbs states are also discussed. This allows us, in particular, to construct new examples of quantum K-systems.

  18. Michigan State of the State 63 Weight Variable: statewt

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Days 11 chrt3 Health - Heart 12 chrt4 Health - Hypertension 12 chrt5 Health - Diabetes 13 chrt6 Health Insurance - Quality 17 chrt15a Children Under 19 18 chrt15b1 Children - State Health Insurance A 18 chrt15b2 Children - State Health Insurance B 19 chrt15c Health Insurance - Children 19 chrt15d Health Insurance

  19. States' Rights, States' Responsibilities, and the Ghost of Calhoun.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winn, Ira J.

    1990-01-01

    Argues that the Reagan Era's New Federalism hamstrings government by precluding the possibility of a balance of power and responsibilities between state and federal government. Compares this development to the states' rights dilemma freed by John C. Calhoun. Contends that history shows federal inaction produces sectionalism, social cleavage, and…

  20. State Higher Education Budgeting Mechanisms in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mizuta, Kensuke; Yoshida, Kana; Yanagiura, Takeshi

    2010-01-01

    (Purpose) The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between certain characteristics of US states and their budgeting systems for higher education (HE), and to derive implications for Japanese HE budgeting policy from the results. (Methodology) The US's State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO) conducted a 30-item…

  1. State Of Florida Bureau of State Approving For Veterans Training

    E-print Network

    Sin, Peter

    State Of Florida Bureau of State Approving For Veterans Training Kroger Center, Douglas Building, please also complete VA Form 22-1990 (Veteran) of VA Form 22-5490 (Dependent) and submit to the Department of Veterans Affairs. Date Signed Signature of Applicant (Do Not Print) Please return this form

  2. Gaussian coherent state expansion of the squeezed states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adam, P.; Janszky, J.; Vinogradov, An. V.

    1990-12-01

    It is shown that gaussian coherent state expansions describe squeezed states. The non-analytic gaussian expansion allows to reduce the dimensionality of the representation. Using this very convenient representation we calculated the quantities < a† jak>, which immediately give the mean value of any normally ordered operator function F( a†, a).

  3. Michigan State of the State 56 Weight Variable: statewt

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Climate Change 24 July 29, 2010 #12;Michigan State of the State 56 Page ii item page btb561 Familiar BTB 25 btb562 Cattle Affected BTB Future 26 btb563 BTB Affected MI Ecosystem 26 btb564 Citizen Health Affected BTB 27 btb565 Deer Population Affected BTB 27 btb567 Concern BTB Risk Cattle 28 btb568 Concerned

  4. Michigan State of the State 48 Weight Variable: statewt

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Bar-code Readers 20 rid11 Likely Apply Real ID 20 rid12 Likely Enhanced Drivers License 21 btb1 Aware Bovine TB 22 btb2 Eradicating Bovine TB Cattle 23 btb3 Bovine TB Occurs Deer Population 23 July 24, 2008 #12;Michigan State of the State 48 Page ii item page btb4 Eradicating Bovine TB Deer 24 btb5 Reason

  5. The State of State Proficiency Testing in Science. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haury, David L.

    Schools across the United States are striving to improve student performance in science by adjusting curricula and teaching practices to meet national and state standards. This ERIC Digest describes the current status of proficiency testing in science, including the topics of high stakes testing and its outcomes. It also discusses the future of…

  6. California Report Card 2008: The State of the State's Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Children Now, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The California Report Card provides a clear, complete and concise picture of the state of the state's children along with recommendations for how we can better support our children through new and improved public policies. It assigns letter grades to such key indicators as health insurance, oral health, asthma, mental health, infant health,…

  7. New Mexico State University American Federation of State,

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Eric E.

    AGREEMENT between New Mexico State University and American Federation of State, County-Tax Premium Plan 20 Section 5. Group Benefits Committee 20 Article 16 Paid Holidays 21 Section 1. Recognized Holidays 21 Section 2. Day of Observance 21 Section 3. Holiday Pay 21 Section 4. Work on a Recognized

  8. 7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false State and United States. 1220.615 Section 1220.615 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  9. 7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State and United States. 1220.615 Section 1220.615 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  10. 7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false State and United States. 1220.615 Section 1220.615 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  11. State DOT: Iowa State Report Questions on NDT Testing

    E-print Network

    this nondestructive testing are presented. A specification that was developed17 by Iowa DOT is included. The paperState DOT: Iowa State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete_ncc_meeting.cfm. 2. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT testing methods compare to traditional

  12. New York State

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    On March 26, New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg declared a drought emergency for the city and four upstate counties in response to the worst drought to hit the eastern United States in nearly 70 years. Restrictions on water use will affect more than 8 million residents of New York. The city's reservoirs, located in the Catskill Mountains, are at 52 percent capacity. One of these, Ashokan Reservoir, is seen in this pair of ASTER images acquired on September 18, 2000 and February 3, 2002.

    These images were acquired by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

    ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18,1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. ASTER is the only high resolution imaging sensor on Terra. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, along-term research and technology program designed to examine Earth's land, oceans, atmosphere, ice and life as a total integrated system.

    The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

    Size: 16.5 x 13 km (10.2 x 8.1 miles) Location: 41.9 deg. North lat., 74.2 deg. West long. Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER bands 1,2, and 3. Original Data Resolution: 15 m Date Acquired: September 18, 2000 and February 3, 2002

  13. 28 CFR 65.2 - State Government.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Eligible Applicants § 65.2 State Government. In the event that a law enforcement emergency exists throughout a state or part of a state, a state (on behalf of itself or a local unit of government) may...

  14. 45 CFR 1173.665 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false State. 1173.665 Section 1173.665...Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT... Definitions § 1173.665 State. State means any of the States of...

  15. 28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

  16. 28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

  17. 28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

  18. 28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

  19. 28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

  20. Family Handbook Georgia State University

    E-print Network

    Frantz, Kyle J.

    Family Handbook Georgia State University Child Development Program Lanette L. Suttles Child Development Center Capitol Hill Child Enrichment Center Bright from the Start, Georgia Department of Early Children #12;Revised 5/18/2015 2 Georgia State University Child Development Program This family handbook

  1. Landforms of the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geological Survey (Dept. of Interior), Reston, VA.

    One of a series of general interest publications on science topics, the booklet provides those interested in landforms of the United States with a nontechnical introduction to the subject. Separate sections examine deposital versus erosional landforms in the central stable region of the United States, the Appalachian Highlands, the Ozark Region,…

  2. Fiscal Worries Shadow State Elections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele

    2008-01-01

    This article reports that the new class of governors and state legislators to be elected November 4 will inherit financial problems that pose both immediate and long-term threats to existing education programs, while constraining their ability to mount new initiatives. The prospect of a deepening economic slowdown--with state-level budget deficits…

  3. State Governance Action Report, 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the State Governance Action Report for 2007. Compiled in this report are state policy developments, including legislation, commissions, and studies, affecting the structure, responsibilities, and operations of public higher education governing boards and institutionally related foundations. Governance and governance-related…

  4. Legislative Control of State Finance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Economic and Fiscal Commission, Springfield.

    This study examines the Illinois General Assembly's role in state finance and focuses on how the legislature can best control the scope and limits of state finance. The report is divided into four sections. The first section introduces the language of the appropriations process and the techniques of control applied to that process. The second…

  5. States Seek Flexibility on Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele; Gewertz, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    With the debut of common assessments less than two years away, states and districts are worried about the accountability systems that hinge on those tests. A growing chorus of policy groups is urging more flexibility in how states evaluate teachers, label schools, and enforce other high-stakes consequences during what's likely to be a messy…

  6. UNITED STATES RENAL DATA SYSTEM

    EPA Science Inventory

    The United States Renal Data System (USRDS) is a national data system that collects, analyzes, and distributes information about end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States. The USRDS is funded directly by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseas...

  7. Climates of the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, John L.

    This document is designed to provide basic information about the climates of the United States and the causes of these climates. Events of interest in the climatological history of the United States are described and illustrated by many maps, charts and diagrams. The booklet has three major parts. Part I discusses climate and climate control in…

  8. STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    Hung, I-Kuai

    1 #12;STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIVERSITY NACOGDOCHES, TEXAS THE GRADUATE SCHOOL BULLETIN #12;3 Welcome from the Dean Greetings from the Graduate School! I want to welcome you to Stephen F. Austin State University and its graduate programs. This is an exciting time at Stephen F. Austin for students who want

  9. Entanglement Properties of Quantum States

    E-print Network

    Cirac, Ignacio

    Entanglement Properties of Quantum States and Quantum Operations Barbara Kraus MPQ 282 January 2003 #12;Entanglement Properties of Quantum States and Quantum Operations Dissertation zur Erlangung des, using local operations and classical communication. Entanglement, one of the main fea- tures in Quantum

  10. ~ A United States ~ Department of

    E-print Network

    ~ A United States ~ Department of ~---- Agriculture USD Forest Health Forest Service Alaska species in the diverse areas ofthe state relies heavily on informed and empowered Alaskan citizens these experiments, the Weed Wackers model seeks to facilitate the exchange of information between students

  11. Standards Draw Heat in States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ujifusa, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Opponents of the Common Core State Standards are ramping up legislative pressure and public relations efforts aimed at getting states to scale back--or even abandon--the high-profile initiative, even as implementation proceeds and tests aligned with the standards loom. Critics of the common core have focused recent lobbying and media efforts on…

  12. State Licensing of Health Occupations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Health Statistics (DHEW/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

    About 25 health professions and occupations are licensed by one or more states according to the survey of state licensing provisions by the National Center for Health Statistics. Data is presented in 22 chapters on the licensure of administrators, chiropractors, clinical laboratory personnel, dental hygienists, dentists, professional engineers,…

  13. 75 FR 34156 - United States

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ...United States v. Microsoft Corp., 56 F.3d 1448, 1461 (D.C. Cir. 1995); see...harm third parties. See Microsoft, 56 F.3d at 1458-62. With respect to the adequacy...1981)); see also Microsoft, 56 F.3d at 1460-62; United States v....

  14. 2014 Landslide in Washington State

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    Photograph from an aerial survey showing the extent and impacts from the landslide in northwest Washington that occurred on March 22, 2014. The survey was conducted by the Washington State Department of Transportation, Washington State Department of Natural Resources, USGS, and King County Sheriff's...

  15. Markov Monitoring with Unknown States

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smyth, Padhraic

    1993-01-01

    Pattern recognition methods and hidden Markov models can be effective tools for online health monitoring of communications systems. Previous work has assumed that the states in the system model are exhaustive. This can be a significant drawback in real-world fault monitoring applications where it is difficult if not impossible to model all the possible fault states of the system in advance.

  16. FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES

    E-print Network

    Statistics of the United States, 1939 2 Alaska Fishery and Fur Seal Industries, 1940 3 Propagation and Fur Seal Industries, 1941 6 Propagation and Distribution of Food Fishes, 1941 7 Fishery Statistics of the United States, 1941 8 Alaska Fishery and Fur Seal Industries, 1942 9 Propagation and Distribution of Food

  17. 75 FR 81651 - United States

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-28

    ... States v. Adobe Systems, Inc., No. 1:10- cv-01629, 75 FR 60820, 60828-30 (D.D.C. filed Sept. 24, 2010... firm's employees. United States v. Adobe Systems, Inc., No. 1:10-cv-01629, Complaint, 75 FR 60822 (D.D.C. filed Sept. 24, 2010); Competitive Impact ] Statement, 75 FR 60823 (D.D.C. filed Sept. 24,...

  18. Efficient optical quantum state engineering

    E-print Network

    Kevin T. McCusker; Paul G. Kwiat

    2009-07-10

    We discuss a novel method of efficiently producing multi-photon states using repeated spontaneous parametric downconversion. Specifically, by attempting downconversion several times, we can pseudo-deterministically add photons to a mode, producing various several-photon states. We discuss both expected performance and experimental limitations.

  19. Fusarium Keratitis - Multiple States, 2006

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention investigated an outbreak of corneal infections caused by Fusarium involving at least 17 states as of April, 2006. Initial outbreak reports were from Singapore and Hong Kong. Preliminary results suggest that these outbreaks may be linked ...

  20. Quantum-state tomography of single-photon entangled states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burch, E. T.; Henelsmith, C.; Larson, W.; Beck, M.

    2015-09-01

    We have performed quantum-state tomography on several different single-photon entangled states, that is, states in which a single photon is shared between two possible paths. We begin by doing a tomographic reconstruction of density matrices in the subspace where a single photon is shared by two spatial modes. In this subspace we are able to create high-fidelity, path-entangled states. Also within this subspace we use the Akaike information criterion and Monte Carlo simulations to help us estimate the amount and source of state drift in our system. We find that the primary state drift is due to phase drifts and fluctuations on the order of ? /400 in our experimental apparatus. We then use the single-photon subspace density matrices and further measurements to estimate density matrices in the larger space consisting of two modes containing up to one photon each. In this larger space we find that the concurrence of the density matrices is C ?0.08 and is greater than 0 by at least 45 standard deviations, indicating that our states are indeed entangled.

  1. Emergence of multicluster chimera states

    PubMed Central

    Yao, Nan; Huang, Zi-Gang; Grebogi, Celso; Lai, Ying-Cheng

    2015-01-01

    A remarkable phenomenon in spatiotemporal dynamical systems is chimera state, where the structurally and dynamically identical oscillators in a coupled networked system spontaneously break into two groups, one exhibiting coherent motion and another incoherent. This phenomenon was typically studied in the setting of non-local coupling configurations. We ask what can happen to chimera states under systematic changes to the network structure when links are removed from the network in an orderly fashion but the local coupling topology remains invariant with respect to an index shift. We find the emergence of multicluster chimera states. Remarkably, as a parameter characterizing the amount of link removal is increased, chimera states of distinct numbers of clusters emerge and persist in different parameter regions. We develop a phenomenological theory, based on enhanced or reduced interactions among oscillators in different spatial groups, to explain why chimera states of certain numbers of clusters occur in certain parameter regions. The theoretical prediction agrees well with numerics. PMID:26350389

  2. Stable States of Biological Organisms

    E-print Network

    Yukalov, V I; Yukalova, E P; Henry, J -Y; Cobb, J P

    2009-01-01

    A novel model of biological organisms is advanced, treating an organism as a self-consistent system subject to a pathogen flux. The principal novelty of the model is that it describes not some parts, but a biological organism as a whole. The organism is modeled by a five-dimensional dynamical system. The organism homeostasis is described by the evolution equations for five interacting components: healthy cells, ill cells, innate immune cells, specific immune cells, and pathogens. The stability analysis demonstrates that, in a wide domain of the parameter space, the system exhibits robust structural stability. There always exist four stable stationary solutions characterizing four qualitatively differing states of the organism: alive state, boundary state, critical state, and dead state.

  3. Are cloned quantum states macroscopic?

    E-print Network

    Fröwis, F

    2012-01-01

    We study quantum states produced by optimal phase covariant quantum cloners. We argue that cloned quantum superpositions are not macroscopic superpositions in the spirit of Schroedingers cat, despite their large particle number. This is indicated by calculating several measures for macroscopic superpositions from the literature, as well as by investigating the distinguishability of the two superposed cloned states. The latter rapidly diminishes when considering imperfect detectors or noisy states, and does not increase with system size. In contrast, we find that cloned quantum states itself are macroscopic, both in the sense of proposed measures and their usefulness in quantum metrology with an optimal scaling in system size. We investigate the applicability of cloned states for parameter estimation in the presence of different kinds of noise.

  4. Emergence of multicluster chimera states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, Nan; Huang, Zi-Gang; Grebogi, Celso; Lai, Ying-Cheng

    2015-09-01

    A remarkable phenomenon in spatiotemporal dynamical systems is chimera state, where the structurally and dynamically identical oscillators in a coupled networked system spontaneously break into two groups, one exhibiting coherent motion and another incoherent. This phenomenon was typically studied in the setting of non-local coupling configurations. We ask what can happen to chimera states under systematic changes to the network structure when links are removed from the network in an orderly fashion but the local coupling topology remains invariant with respect to an index shift. We find the emergence of multicluster chimera states. Remarkably, as a parameter characterizing the amount of link removal is increased, chimera states of distinct numbers of clusters emerge and persist in different parameter regions. We develop a phenomenological theory, based on enhanced or reduced interactions among oscillators in different spatial groups, to explain why chimera states of certain numbers of clusters occur in certain parameter regions. The theoretical prediction agrees well with numerics.

  5. Are Cloned Quantum States Macroscopic?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fröwis, F.; Dür, W.

    2012-10-01

    We study quantum states produced by optimal phase covariant quantum cloners. We argue that cloned quantum superpositions are not macroscopic superpositions in the spirit of Schrödinger’s cat, despite their large particle number. This is indicated by calculating several measures for macroscopic superpositions from the literature, as well as by investigating the distinguishability of the two superposed cloned states. The latter rapidly diminishes when considering imperfect detectors or noisy states and does not increase with the system size. In contrast, we find that cloned quantum states themselves are macroscopic, in the sense of both proposed measures and their usefulness in quantum metrology with an optimal scaling in system size. We investigate the applicability of cloned states for parameter estimation in the presence of different kinds of noise.

  6. State-to-state dynamics of molecular energy transfer

    SciTech Connect

    Gentry, W.R.; Giese, C.F.

    1993-12-01

    The goal of this research program is to elucidate the elementary dynamical mechanisms of vibrational and rotational energy transfer between molecules, at a quantum-state resolved level of detail. Molecular beam techniques are used to isolate individual molecular collisions, and to control the kinetic energy of collision. Lasers are used both to prepare specific quantum states prior to collision by stimulated-emission pumping (SEP), and to measure the distribution of quantum states in the collision products by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). The results are interpreted in terms of dynamical models, which may be cast in a classical, semiclassical or quantum mechanical framework, as appropriate.

  7. State of the States Policy Snapshot: State Early Childhood Assessment Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schilder, Diane; Carolan, Megan

    2014-01-01

    Early childhood stakeholders in state departments of education are interested in knowing what child assessment measures are being used in state-funded pre-kindergarten and in kindergarten classrooms. To address this need, the Center on Enhancing Early Learning Outcomes (CEELO) performed a secondary analysis of data in the National Institute for…

  8. 7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order... the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

  9. 7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order... the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

  10. 7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order... the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

  11. 7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order... the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

  12. 7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MUSHROOM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order... the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

  13. 2012 Boise State University 1 State of the University Address

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    , Irvine Davina Snow, Lecturer, MLL -- Gallaudet University Kimberly Carter-Cram, Lecturer (Temporary), MLL John (AJ)Zenkert, Clinical Professor/Supervisor, CIFS --Boise State University Lisa Beymer, Lecturer

  14. (F,Dp) bound states from the boundary state

    E-print Network

    P. Di Vecchia; M. Frau; A. Lerda; A. Liccardo

    1999-10-01

    We use the boundary state formalism to provide the full conformal description of (F,Dp) bound states. These are BPS configurations that arise from a superposition of a fundamental string and a Dp brane, and are charged under both the NS-NS antisymmetric tensor and the (p+1)-form R-R potential. We construct the boundary state for these bound states by switching on a constant electric field on the world-volume of a Dp brane and fix its value by imposing the Dirac quantization condition on the charges. Using the operator formalism we also derive the Dirac-Born-Infeld action and the classical supergravity solutions corresponding to these configurations.

  15. Michigan State of the State 46 Weight Variable: statewt

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Temperatures 26 gw5 Computer Models 26 gw6 Strength Hurricane Katrina. 27 gw7 "An Inconvenient Truth page gw11 Federal Government 28 gw12 State Government 29 gw14 MI Renewal Energy Requirement 29 gw15

  16. XYZ States - Results from Experiments

    E-print Network

    Sören Lange

    2013-11-29

    Charmonium(-like) or bottomonium(-like) states, which are incompatible with predictions from a static quark anti-quark potential model, are often refered to as XYZ states. In this lecture, some peculiar properties of states such as the X(3872), the Y(4260), or the Zc(3900) are explained. Such properties are utmost proximity to a threshold, overpopulation of states, or possibly binding in the regime of string breaking. Among decays, the surprising observation of isospin violation, and using radiative decays for the observation of a D-wave state is discussed. A second part of the lecture presents recent precision measurements of masses of newly observed bottomonium states. These masses can be used for testing particular aspects of the potential, such as test of the tensor term or test of the flavor independence. At the end, an example is given, how future experiments may be able to measure widths of a charmonium(-like) state in the sub-MeV regime.

  17. XYZ States - Results from Experiments

    E-print Network

    Lange, Sören

    2013-01-01

    Charmonium(-like) or bottomonium(-like) states, which are incompatible with predictions from a static quark anti-quark potential model, are often refered to as XYZ states. In this lecture, some peculiar properties of states such as the X(3872), the Y(4260), or the Zc(3900) are explained. Such properties are utmost proximity to a threshold, overpopulation of states, or possibly binding in the regime of string breaking. Among decays, the surprising observation of isospin violation, and using radiative decays for the observation of a D-wave state is discussed. A second part of the lecture presents recent precision measurements of masses of newly observed bottomonium states. These masses can be used for testing particular aspects of the potential, such as test of the tensor term or test of the flavor independence. At the end, an example is given, how future experiments may be able to measure widths of a charmonium(-like) state in the sub-MeV regime.

  18. Nonlocality of orthogonal product states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Zhi-Chao; Gao, Fei; Qin, Su-Juan; Yang, Ying-Hui; Wen, Qiao-Yan

    2015-07-01

    In this paper, we mainly study the local indistinguishability of mutually orthogonal product basis quantum states in d ?d . In 3 ?3 , Bennett et al. [ Phys. Rev. A 59, 1070 (1999), 10.1103/PhysRevA.59.1070] presented nine orthogonal product basis quantum states which cannot be distinguished by local operations and classical communication (LOCC). In the work by Zhang et al. [Z.-C. Zhang et al., Phys. Rev. A 90, 022313 (2014), 10.1103/PhysRevA.90.022313], this result was generalized in d ?d , where d is odd. In this paper, we aim to construct locally indistinguishable orthogonal product basis quantum states in d ?d . For the general d ?d (d >2 ) quantum system, we first construct 4 d -4 orthogonal product states, and prove these states are locally indistinguishable using a very simple but quite effective method. Then, based on these states, we construct some classes of locally indistinguishable orthogonal product basis quantum states (OPBS) in d ?d (d >2 ) . Finally, we construct some LOCC indistinguishable OPBS in multipartite quantum systems. All of the above results demonstrate the phenomenon of nonlocality without entanglement.

  19. Tensor network states and geometry

    E-print Network

    G. Evenbly; G. Vidal

    2011-06-06

    Tensor network states are used to approximate ground states of local Hamiltonians on a lattice in D spatial dimensions. Different types of tensor network states can be seen to generate different geometries. Matrix product states (MPS) in D=1 dimensions, as well as projected entangled pair states (PEPS) in D>1 dimensions, reproduce the D-dimensional physical geometry of the lattice model; in contrast, the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) generates a (D+1)-dimensional holographic geometry. Here we focus on homogeneous tensor networks, where all the tensors in the network are copies of the same tensor, and argue that certain structural properties of the resulting many-body states are preconditioned by the geometry of the tensor network and are therefore largely independent of the choice of variational parameters. Indeed, the asymptotic decay of correlations in homogeneous MPS and MERA for D=1 systems is seen to be determined by the structure of geodesics in the physical and holographic geometries, respectively; whereas the asymptotic scaling of entanglement entropy is seen to always obey a simple boundary law -- that is, again in the relevant geometry. This geometrical interpretation offers a simple and unifying framework to understand the structural properties of, and helps clarify the relation between, different tensor network states. In addition, it has recently motivated the branching MERA, a generalization of the MERA capable of reproducing violations of the entropic boundary law in D>1 dimensions.

  20. Revision of Suggested State Regulations.

    PubMed

    Winston, John P

    2016-02-01

    It is the mission of the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors (CRCPD) to promote radiological health in all aspects and phases of implementation and to create a seamless and coherent regulatory structure across the United States. CRCPD currently has 25 committees charged with the development of Suggested State Regulations (SSRs) for everything from transportation and waste disposal to tanning and medical therapy. The SR-F Committee is responsible for the suggested regulations of the equipment and processes used in medical diagnostic and interventional x-ray procedures. Several states are required by law to adopt the SSR verbatim, making it vital that they are kept current. The current revision of SR-F brought together representatives from the state radiation control programs, the Food and Drug Administration, the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, American College of Radiology, and industry. Through the course of two meetings and multiple conference calls, the Committee finalized an updated draft. The CRCPD process for the development of SSR is well established and includes internal and external peer review, review by the state Director Members, approval by the Board of Directors, and concurrence from relevant federal agencies. Once final, an SSR allows a state radiation control program to proceed through the state's own regulatory process with a vetted set of regulations, making this difficult process more efficient and effective. PMID:26717174

  1. Michigan State of the State 58 Weight Variable: statewt

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    -Neighborhood School 39 av4 Influence Co-workers/Supervisor 39 av5 Influence Religious Organization 40 CD1 Sex 40 CD2 April 5, 2011 #12;Michigan State of the State 58 Page iii item page CD11 Children HH 53 CD11a Child/Children School Aged 53 school@a Child(red): Public School 54 school@b Child(red): Private School 54 school

  2. Appearance of Gibbs states in quantum-state tomography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rau, Jochen

    2014-12-01

    I investigate the extent to which the description of quantum systems by Gibbs states can be justified purely on the basis of tomographic data, without recourse to theoretical concepts such as infinite ensembles, environments, or information or to the systems' dynamics. I show that the use of Gibbs states amounts to a relevance hypothesis, which I spell out in detail. This hypothesis can be subjected to statistical hypothesis testing and hence assessed on the basis of the experimental data.

  3. Michigan State of the State 30 Weight Variable: statewt

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    partyid Political Identification 64 P17@a Political Ideology 64 P17@b Conservative 65 P17@c Liberal 65 P17 Indian or Alaska Native 61 CD6 Religion 61 CD7@a Political Affiliation 62 CD7@b Republican 62 June 26, 2003 #12;Michigan State of the State 30 Page iii item page CD7@c Democrat 63 CD7@d Independent 63

  4. Edge states in honeycomb structures

    E-print Network

    Charles L. Fefferman; James P. Lee-Thorp; Michael I. Weinstein

    2015-06-28

    An edge state is a time-harmonic solution of a conservative wave system, e.g. Schr\\"odinger, Maxwell, which is propagating (plane-wave-like) parallel to, and localized transverse to, a line-defect or "edge." Topologically protected edge states are edge states which are stable against spatially localized (even strong) deformations of the edge. First studied in the context of the quantum Hall effect, protected edge states have attracted huge interest due to their role in the field of topological insulators. Theoretical understanding of topological protection has mainly come from discrete (tight-binding) models and direct numerical simulation. In this paper we consider a rich family of continuum PDE models for which we rigorously study regimes where topologically protected edge states exist. Our model is a class of Schroedinger operators on R^2 with a background two-dimensional honeycomb potential perturbed by an "edge-potential." The edge potential is a domain-wall interpolation, transverse to a prescribed "rational" edge, between two distinct periodic structures. General conditions are given for the bifurcation of a branch of topologically protected edge states from Dirac points of the background honeycomb structure. The bifurcation is seeded by the zero mode of a one-dimensional effective Dirac operator. A key condition is a spectral no-fold condition for the prescribed edge. We then use this result to prove the existence of topologically protected edge states along zigzag edges of certain honeycomb structures. Our results are consistent with the physics literature and appear to be the first rigorous results on the existence of topologically protected edge states for continuum 2D PDE systems. We also show that the family of Hamiltonians we study contains cases where zigzag edge states exist, but which are not topologically protected.

  5. Magnetic Edge States in Graphene

    E-print Network

    Murguia, Gabriela

    2010-01-01

    Magnetic confinement in graphene has been of recent and growing interest because its potential applications in nanotechnology. In particular, the observation of the so called magnetic edge states in graphene has opened the possibility to deepen into the generation of spin currents and its applications in spintronics. We study the magnetic edge states of quasi-particles arising in graphene monolayers due to an inhomogeneous magnetic field of a magnetic barrier in the formalism of the two-dimensional massless Dirac equation. We also show how the solutions of such states in each of both triangular sublattices of the graphene are related through a supersymmetric transformation in the quantum mechanical sense.

  6. State building energy codes status

    SciTech Connect

    1996-09-01

    This document contains the State Building Energy Codes Status prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830 and dated September 1996. The U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Codes and Standards has developed this document to provide an information resource for individuals interested in energy efficiency of buildings and the relevant building energy codes in each state and U.S. territory. This is considered to be an evolving document and will be updated twice a year. In addition, special state updates will be issued as warranted.

  7. Quantum Optical State Comparison Amplifier

    E-print Network

    Electra Eleftheriadou; Stephen M. Barnett; John Jeffers

    2013-11-22

    It is a fundamental principle of quantum theory that an unknown state cannot be copied or, as a consequence, an unknown optical signal cannot be amplified deterministically and perfectly. Here we describe a protocol that provides nondeterministic quantum optical amplification in the coherent state basis with high gain, high fidelity and which does not use quantum resources. The scheme is based on two mature quantum optical technologies, coherent state comparison and photon subtraction. The method compares favourably with all previous nondeterministic amplifiers in terms of fidelity and success probability.

  8. Functional observer and state feedback

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, S.Y.

    1986-01-01

    In this paper, we show the relation between state space approach and transfer function approach for functional observer and state feedback design. Two approaches can be transformed into each other, based on this result. More importantly, we find that the state space approach introduces some severe, unnecessary restrictions in solving the problem. The restrictions are, however, reduced to be a trivial condition in transfer function approach. It is believed that the result presented in this paper will be useful in developing both approaches, and motivate some new results for solving the problem.

  9. Magnetic Edge States in Graphene

    E-print Network

    Gabriela Murguia

    2010-08-29

    Magnetic confinement in graphene has been of recent and growing interest because its potential applications in nanotechnology. In particular, the observation of the so called magnetic edge states in graphene has opened the possibility to deepen into the generation of spin currents and its applications in spintronics. We study the magnetic edge states of quasi-particles arising in graphene monolayers due to an inhomogeneous magnetic field of a magnetic barrier in the formalism of the two-dimensional massless Dirac equation. We also show how the solutions of such states in each of both triangular sublattices of the graphene are related through a supersymmetric transformation in the quantum mechanical sense.

  10. Black Hole Bound State Metamorphosis

    E-print Network

    Abhishek Chowdhury; Shailesh Lal; Arunabha Saha; Ashoke Sen

    2012-10-16

    N=4 supersymmetric string theories contain negative discriminant states whose numbers are known precisely from microscopic counting formulae. On the macroscopic side, these results can be reproduced by regarding these states as multi-centered black hole configurations provided we make certain identification of apparently distinct multi-centered black hole configurations according to a precise set of rules. In this paper we provide a physical explanation of such identifications, thereby establishing that multi-centered black hole configurations reproduce correctly the microscopic results for the number of negative discriminant states without any ad hoc assumption.

  11. Black Hole Bound State Metamorphosis

    E-print Network

    Chowdhury, Abhishek; Saha, Arunabha; Sen, Ashoke

    2012-01-01

    N=4 supersymmetric string theories contain negative discriminant states whose numbers are known precisely from microscopic counting formulae. On the macroscopic side, these results can be reproduced by regarding these states as multi-centered black hole configurations provided we make certain identification of apparently distinct multi-centered black hole configurations according to a precise set of rules. In this paper we provide a physical explanation of such identifications, thereby establishing that multi-centered black hole configurations reproduce correctly the microscopic results for the number of negative discriminant states without any ad hoc assumption.

  12. An Empirical State Error Covariance Matrix for Batch State Estimation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frisbee, Joseph H., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    State estimation techniques serve effectively to provide mean state estimates. However, the state error covariance matrices provided as part of these techniques suffer from some degree of lack of confidence in their ability to adequately describe the uncertainty in the estimated states. A specific problem with the traditional form of state error covariance matrices is that they represent only a mapping of the assumed observation error characteristics into the state space. Any errors that arise from other sources (environment modeling, precision, etc.) are not directly represented in a traditional, theoretical state error covariance matrix. Consider that an actual observation contains only measurement error and that an estimated observation contains all other errors, known and unknown. It then follows that a measurement residual (the difference between expected and observed measurements) contains all errors for that measurement. Therefore, a direct and appropriate inclusion of the actual measurement residuals in the state error covariance matrix will result in an empirical state error covariance matrix. This empirical state error covariance matrix will fully account for the error in the state estimate. By way of a literal reinterpretation of the equations involved in the weighted least squares estimation algorithm, it is possible to arrive at an appropriate, and formally correct, empirical state error covariance matrix. The first specific step of the method is to use the average form of the weighted measurement residual variance performance index rather than its usual total weighted residual form. Next it is helpful to interpret the solution to the normal equations as the average of a collection of sample vectors drawn from a hypothetical parent population. From here, using a standard statistical analysis approach, it directly follows as to how to determine the standard empirical state error covariance matrix. This matrix will contain the total uncertainty in the state estimate, regardless as to the source of the uncertainty. Also, in its most straight forward form, the technique only requires supplemental calculations to be added to existing batch algorithms. The generation of this direct, empirical form of the state error covariance matrix is independent of the dimensionality of the observations. Mixed degrees of freedom for an observation set are allowed. As is the case with any simple, empirical sample variance problems, the presented approach offers an opportunity (at least in the case of weighted least squares) to investigate confidence interval estimates for the error covariance matrix elements. The diagonal or variance terms of the error covariance matrix have a particularly simple form to associate with either a multiple degree of freedom chi-square distribution (more approximate) or with a gamma distribution (less approximate). The off diagonal or covariance terms of the matrix are less clear in their statistical behavior. However, the off diagonal covariance matrix elements still lend themselves to standard confidence interval error analysis. The distributional forms associated with the off diagonal terms are more varied and, perhaps, more approximate than those associated with the diagonal terms. Using a simple weighted least squares sample problem, results obtained through use of the proposed technique are presented. The example consists of a simple, two observer, triangulation problem with range only measurements. Variations of this problem reflect an ideal case (perfect knowledge of the range errors) and a mismodeled case (incorrect knowledge of the range errors).

  13. A State Nurses' Association Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyer, Cheryl M.

    1983-01-01

    Discusses the accreditation and evolution of continuing education programs developed by state nurses' associations and other nursing organizations and the value of the accreditation. Also relates current accreditation system to the future of professional continuing education. (JOW)

  14. LANDSAT information for state planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Faust, N. L.; Spann, G. W.

    1977-01-01

    The transfer of remote sensing technology for the digital processing of LANDSAT data to state and local agencies in Georgia and other southeastern states is discussed. The project consists of a series of workshops, seminars, and demonstration efforts, and transfer of NASA-developed hardware concepts and computer software to state agencies. Throughout the multi-year effort, digital processing techniques have been emphasized classification algorithms. Software for LANDSAT data rectification and processing have been developed and/or transferred. A hardware system is available at EES (engineering experiment station) to allow user interactive processing of LANDSAT data. Seminars and workshops emphasize the digital approach to LANDSAT data utilization and the system improvements scheduled for LANDSATs C and D. Results of the project indicate a substantially increased awareness of the utility of digital LANDSAT processing techniques among the agencies contracted throughout the southeast. In Georgia, several agencies have jointly funded a program to map the entire state using digitally processed LANDSAT data.

  15. Quantum coherent states in cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ziaeepour, Houri

    2015-07-01

    Coherent states consist of superposition of infinite number of particles and do not have a classical analogue. We study their evolution in a FLRW cosmology and show that only when full quantum corrections are considered, they may survive the expansion of the Universe and form a global condensate. This state of matter can be the origin of accelerating expansion of the Universe, generally called dark energy, and inflation in the early universe. Additionally, such a quantum pool may be the ultimate environment for decoherenceat shorter distances. If dark energy is a quantum coherent state, its dominant contribution to the total energy of the Universe at present provides a low entropy state which may be necessary as an initial condition for a new Big Bang in the framework of bouncing cosmology models.

  16. Introduction Georgia State University provides

    E-print Network

    Dhamala, Mukesh

    Introduction Georgia State University provides comprehensive, affordable health insurance for our, surgery, maternity, well-baby/well-child care, emergency care for accidents or illness, medically Health Insurance provider (United Healthcare) in administering student health insurance to GSU students

  17. Boise State University Chapter One

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    : Undergraduate Education.................................................. 23 Core Theme Two: Graduate Education statement, and identifies core themes that comprise essential elements of that mission. In an examination The Idaho State Board of Education (SBOE) oversees the institutions of higher education in Idaho. Those

  18. State Barriers to CHP Development 

    E-print Network

    Chittum, A.; Kaufman, N.

    2011-01-01

    states. However, discussions with CHP developers have revealed that many of these issues are overshadowed by economic and financial barriers, as well as other hidden market hurdles. Among these hurdles are the availability of natural gas at reasonable...

  19. Changing state structures: outside in.

    PubMed

    Krasner, Stephen D

    2011-12-27

    In explaining the development of institutional structures within states, social science analysis has focused on autochthonous factors and paid less attention to the way in which external factors, especially purposive agent-directed as opposed to more general environmental factors, can influence domestic authority structures. For international relations scholarship, this lacunae is particularly troubling or perhaps, just weird. If the international system is anarchical, then political leaders can pursue any policy option. In some cases, the most attractive option would be conventional state to state interactions, diplomacy, or war. In other instances, however, changing the domestic authority structures of other states might be more appealing. In some cases, domestic authority structures have been influenced through bargaining, and in others through power. Power may reflect either explicit agent-oriented decisions or social processes that reflect the practices, values, and norms of more powerful entities. PMID:22198756

  20. Georgia State University Library Handbook

    E-print Network

    Frantz, Kyle J.

    Informatics, Nutrition, Physical Therapy, Public Health & Respiratory Therapy Library South, 5th floor, Suite not just in a class while at Georgia State University but throughout your professional career

  1. Experiments with Unusual Oxidation States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, G. B.

    1975-01-01

    Describes four synthesis experiments, adapted for the general chemistry laboratory, in which compounds in unusual oxidation are prepared. The abnormal oxidation states involved in the synthesis products are: silver (II), chromium (II), lead (IV), and bromine (I). (MLH)

  2. State Regulation of Private Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lines, Patricia M.

    1982-01-01

    Examines state laws and the actions of various courts on home instruction and unauthorized educational programs. Suggests reforming the regulation of private education through legislative action that requires periodic testing as an alternative to compulsory school attendance. (Author/MLF)

  3. Changing state structures: Outside in

    PubMed Central

    Krasner, Stephen D.

    2011-01-01

    In explaining the development of institutional structures within states, social science analysis has focused on autochthonous factors and paid less attention to the way in which external factors, especially purposive agent-directed as opposed to more general environmental factors, can influence domestic authority structures. For international relations scholarship, this lacunae is particularly troubling or perhaps, just weird. If the international system is anarchical, then political leaders can pursue any policy option. In some cases, the most attractive option would be conventional state to state interactions, diplomacy, or war. In other instances, however, changing the domestic authority structures of other states might be more appealing. In some cases, domestic authority structures have been influenced through bargaining, and in others through power. Power may reflect either explicit agent-oriented decisions or social processes that reflect the practices, values, and norms of more powerful entities. PMID:22198756

  4. Blind spots between quantum states

    E-print Network

    Eduardo Zambrano; Alfredo M Ozorio de Almeida

    2009-09-30

    The overlap of a large quantum state with its image, under tiny translations, oscillates swiftly. We here show that complete orthogonality occurs generically at isolated points. Decoherence, in the Markovian approximation, lifts the correlation minima from zero much more quickly than the Wigner function is smoothed into a positive phase space distribution. In the case of a superposition of coherent states, blind spots depend strongly on positions and amplitudes of the components, but they are only weakly affected by relative phases and the various degrees and directions of squeezing. The blind spots for coherent state triplets are special in that they lie close to an hexagonal lattice: Further superpositions of translated triplets, specified by nodes of one of the sublattices, are quasi-orthogonal to the original triplet and to any state, likewise constructed on the other sublattice.

  5. Quantum coherent states in cosmology

    E-print Network

    Houri Ziaeepour

    2015-02-15

    Coherent states consist of superposition of infinite number of particles and do not have a classical analogue. We study their evolution in a FLRW cosmology and show that only when full quantum corrections are considered, they may survive the expansion of the Universe and form a global condensate. This state of matter can be the origin of accelerating expansion of the Universe, generally called dark energy, and inflation in the early universe. Additionally, such a quantum pool may be the ultimate environment for decoherence at shorter distances. If dark energy is a quantum coherent state, its dominant contribution to the total energy of the Universe at present provides a low entropy state which may be necessary as an initial condition for a new Big Bang in the framework of bouncing cosmology models.

  6. Quantum coherent states in cosmology

    E-print Network

    Ziaeepour, Houri

    2015-01-01

    Coherent states consist of superposition of infinite number of particles and do not have a classical analogue. We study their evolution in a FLRW cosmology and show that only when full quantum corrections are considered, they may survive the expansion of the Universe and form a global condensate. This state of matter can be the origin of accelerating expansion of the Universe, generally called dark energy, and inflation in the early universe. Additionally, such a quantum pool may be the ultimate environment for decoherence at shorter distances. If dark energy is a quantum coherent state, its dominant contribution to the total energy of the Universe at present provides a low entropy state which may be necessary as an initial condition for a new Big Bang in the framework of bouncing cosmology models.

  7. A novel extended state observer.

    PubMed

    Xiong, Shaofeng; Wang, Weihong; Liu, Xiaodong; Chen, Zengqiang; Wang, Sen

    2015-09-01

    A novel extended state observer, which feeds back the output estimation error via both nonlinear and switching terms, is put forward for the first time in this paper. No longer neglecting the lumped uncertainty?s first time derivative, the problem of disturbance observer design is transformed into the problem of state observer design in the presence of external disturbance. The switching term of the output estimation error is employed to counteract the adverse effect of external disturbance. The newly developed extended state observer provides an attractive solution to the issue of high precision motion control system. Both numerical simulation and experimentation on a speed turntable with temperature box are implemented to verify the performance of the proposed newly developed extended state observer. PMID:26275404

  8. State of the Air 2013

    MedlinePLUS

    ... footer Smart links footer - Homepage Key Findings Ozone Pollution Year Round Particle Short Term Particle Cleanest Cities ... Your Air Select Your State Health Risks Ozone Pollution Particle Pollution Children’s Health Disparities & Near Highways Protect ...

  9. State Support of Domestic Production

    SciTech Connect

    Amy Wright

    2007-12-30

    This project was developed in response to a cooperative agreement offering by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the State Support of Domestic Production DE-FC26-04NT15456. The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) performed efforts in support of State programs related to the security, reliability and growth if our nation's domestic production of oil and natural gas. The project objectives were to improve the States ability to monitor the security of oil and gas operations; to maximize the production of domestic oil and natural gas thereby minimizing the threat to national security posed by interruptions in energy imports; to assist States in developing and maintaining high standards of environmental protection; to assist in addressing issues that limit the capacity of the industry; to promote the deployment of the appropriate application of technology for regulatory efficiency; and to inform the public about emerging energy issues.

  10. A Stateful Web Augmentation Toolkit

    E-print Network

    Webber, Matthew J. (Matthew James)

    2010-01-01

    This thesis introduces the Stateful Web Augmentation Toolkit (SWAT), a toolkit that gives users control over the presentation and functionality of web content. SWAT extends Chickenfoot, a Firefox browser scripting environment ...

  11. State of the Lab 2012

    ScienceCinema

    King, Alex

    2013-03-01

    Ames Laboratory Director Alex King delivers the annual State of the Lab address on Thursday, May 17, 2012, the 65th Anniversary of the founding of The Ames Laboratory. This video contains highlights from the address.

  12. Status Characteristics and Expectation States 

    E-print Network

    Berger, Joseph; Cohen, Bernard P.; Zelditch, Morris Jr.

    2015-07-19

    -Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 STATUS CHARACTERISTICS AND EXPECTATION STATES* Joseph Berger Bernard P. Cohen Morris Zelditch, Jr. Research for this paper was conducted with the support of NSF grant #G23990? for investigation of authority...

  13. Gerd Kortemeyer Michigan State University

    E-print Network

    LON-CAPA Gerd Kortemeyer Michigan State University January 2008 #12;LON-CAPA · Course Management modify the software #12;Open Source, Free · Interface can be translated #12;Thank You · Thank You · Gerd

  14. INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK Montana State University

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK Montana State University Counseling Program 2014-2015 #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS..........................................................................................................................................4 INTERNSHIP ASSIGNMENT TO YOUR PLACEMENT SITES........................................................................................5 APPLICATION TO INTERNSHIP SITES INTERNSHIP AT PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION

  15. Selecting microscopic equations of state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taranto, G.; Baldo, M.; Burgio, G. F.

    2013-04-01

    We compare a set of equations of state derived within microscopic many-body approaches, and study their predictions as far as phenomenological data on nuclei from heavy ion collisions, and astrophysical observations on neutron stars are concerned. We find that all the data, taken together, put strong constraints not easy to be fulfilled accurately. Although no major discrepancies are found among the considered microscopic equations of state and with respect to the data, it turns out that, if one takes strictly the phenomenological constraints, the selection reduces to only one equation of state. The results provide an estimate of the uncertainty on the theoretical prediction at a microscopic level of the nuclear equation of state.

  16. Electron transfer to continuum states

    SciTech Connect

    Macek, J.H. |

    1994-12-31

    Gene Rudd`s analysis of doubly differential cross sections for the ionization of He atoms by proton impact suggested that electrons were being carried along by the proton for a short period of time after being ejected from the target region. Normally, this would represent an electron capture event in which an excited state of atomic hydrogen is formed. Because the electron ends up ionized it was recognized that these states of the proton must be continuum states. This insight was confirmed by observations of the continuum electron capture (CEC) cusp when the electron velocity equals the proton velocity in the final state. The impact of this idea upon the theory of ionization at high energies is reviewed.

  17. State of the Lab 2012

    SciTech Connect

    King, Alex

    2012-01-01

    Ames Laboratory Director Alex King delivers the annual State of the Lab address on Thursday, May 17, 2012, the 65th Anniversary of the founding of The Ames Laboratory. This video contains highlights from the address.

  18. Coherence convertibility for mixed states

    E-print Network

    Xiaofei Qi; Zhaofang Bai; Shuanping Du

    2015-05-27

    In this paper, by providing a class of coherence measures in finite dimensional systems, a sufficient and necessary condition for the existence of coherence transformations that convert one probability distribution of any pure states into another one is obtained.

  19. Montana State University 1 Biotechnology

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Biotechnology Note: MSU's programs in the biological sciences options see Biological Sciences at MSU. Biotechnology Modern research in cellular and molecular biology biotechnology industries are involved in developing products to maintain biodiversity, restore soil and water

  20. UNITED STATES ARMY HEALTH PROFESSIONS

    E-print Network

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    UNITED STATES ARMY HEALTH PROFESSIONS SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM IN MEDICINE, DENTISTRY, VETERINARY MEDICINE, OPTOMETRY, CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY AND NURSE ANESTHESIA WHAT IS THE ARMY'S HEALTH PROFESSIONS SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM? The Army offers one of the most generous and comprehensive scholarships in the health

  1. State-to-State Mode Specificity: Energy Sequestration and Flow Gated by Transition State.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Bin; Sun, Zhigang; Guo, Hua

    2015-12-23

    Energy flow and sequestration at the state-to-state level are investigated for a prototypical four-atom reaction, H2 + OH ? H + H2O, using a transition-state wave packet (TSWP) method. The product state distribution is found to depend strongly on the reactant vibrational excitation, indicating mode specificity at the state-to-state level. From a local-mode perspective, it is shown that the vibrational excitation of the H2O product derives from two different sources, one attributable to the energy flow along the reaction coordinate into the newly formed OH bond and the other due to the sequestration of the vibrational energy in the OH spectator moiety during the reaction. The analysis provided a unified interpretation of some seemingly contradicting experimental observations. It is further shown that the transfer of vibrational energy from the OH reactant to H2O product is gated by the transition state, accomplished coherently by multiple TSWPs with the corresponding OH vibrational excitation. PMID:26613942

  2. APSRS state-base graphics

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1981-01-01

    The National Cartographic Information Center (NCIC) is the information branch of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Mapping Division. In order to organize and distribute information about U.S. aerial photography coverage and to help eliminate aerial mapping duplication by tracking individual aerial projects, NCIC developed the Aerial Photography Summary Record System (APSRS). APSRS's principal products are State-Base Graphics (SBG), graphic indexes that show the coverage of conventional aerial photography projects over each State.

  3. The living state and cancer.

    PubMed Central

    Szent-Györgyi, A

    1977-01-01

    Complex living structures developed on our globe after the appearance of light and oxygen. In functions of these structures, solid state phenomena play a major role. The structural proteins were made into radicals by doping, the covalent incorporation of electron acceptors. This lent mobility to their electrons and a subtle reactivity to their molecules. Cancer is unable to go into the radical state. PMID:268635

  4. Amplitude death state for hearing

    E-print Network

    Ahn, Kang-Hun

    2012-01-01

    We propose amplitude death phenomenon as an underlying mechanism of auditory transduction. When non-identical auditory hair bundles are elastically coupled, their spontaneous oscillations can be quenched to form an amplitude death state. We show, in this state, the hair cells are quiet and ready to detect oscillatory stimulus with coupling-strength dependent amplification. Numerical demonstration of the mechanism suggests that the non-uniformity of coupled hair cells can contribute to noise-robust auditory transduction.

  5. 2007 Western States Fire Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howell, Kathleen

    2008-01-01

    A general overview of the Ikhana Uninhabited Air System (UAS) is presented. The contents include: 1) Ikhana UAS; 2) Ikhana UAS / Ground Control Station (GCS); 3) Ikhana UAS / Antennas; 4) Western States Fire Mission 2007 Partners; 5) FAA Certificate of Authorization (COA); 6) Western States Fire Missions (WSFM) 2007; 7) WSFM 1-4 2007; 8) California Wildfire Emergency Response 2007; 9) WSFM 5-8 Emergency Response 2007; 10) WSFM Achievements; and 11) WSFM Challenges.

  6. Quantifying coherence of Gaussian states

    E-print Network

    Jianwei Xu

    2015-10-10

    Coherence arises from the superposition principle and plays a key role in quantum mechanics. Recently, Baumgratz et al. [T. Baumgratz, M. Cramer, and M. B. Plenio, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 140401 (2014)] established a rigorous framework for quantifying the coherence of finite dimensional quantum states. In this work we provide a framework for quantifying the coherence of Gaussian states and explicitly give a coherence measure based on the relative entropy.

  7. Quantum state of the multiverse

    E-print Network

    Salvador Robles-Perez; Pedro F. Gonzalez-Diaz

    2011-11-16

    A third quantization formalism is applied to a simplified multiverse scenario. A well defined quantum state of the multiverse is obtained which agrees with standard boundary condition proposals. These states are found to be squeezed, and related to accelerating universes: they share similar properties to those obtained previously by Grishchuk and Siderov. We also comment on related works that have criticized the third quantization approach.

  8. Quantum state of the multiverse

    SciTech Connect

    Robles-Perez, Salvador; Gonzalez-Diaz, Pedro F.

    2010-04-15

    A third quantization formalism is applied to a simplified multiverse scenario. A well-defined quantum state of the multiverse is obtained which agrees with standard boundary condition proposals. These states are found to be squeezed, and related to accelerating universes: they share similar properties to those obtained previously by Grishchuk and Siderov. We also comment on related works that have criticized the third quantization approach.

  9. Solid State Photovoltaic Research Branch

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-09-01

    This report summarizes the progress of the Solid State Photovoltaic Research Branch of the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) from October 1, 1988, through September 30,l 1989. Six technical sections of the report cover these main areas of SERIs in-house research: Semiconductor Crystal Growth, Amorphous Silicon Research, Polycrystalline Thin Films, III-V High-Efficiency Photovoltaic Cells, Solid-State Theory, and Laser Raman and Luminescence Spectroscopy. Sections have been indexed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  10. Steady State Dense Gas Dispersion

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC)

    1995-03-01

    SLAB-LLNL is a steady-state one-dimensional program which calculates the atmospheric dispersion of a heavier than air gas that is continuously released at ground level. The model is based on the steady-state crosswind-averaged conservation equations of species, mass, energy, and momentum. It uses the air entrainment concept to account for the turbulent mixing of the gas cloud with the surrounding atmosphere and similarity profiles to determine the crosswind dependence.

  11. Transboundary aquifers: Southwestern states assess 

    E-print Network

    Wythe, Kathy

    2008-01-01

    | pg. 14 Southwestern states assess Researchers from three universities in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona and from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are partnering on a new project to evaluate aquifers that span the United States and Mexico... heavily on groundwater in aquifers. Municipal and other water users are increasing their use of groundwater, raising concerns about the long-term quality and availability of this supply, Michelsen said. ?Groundwater is the major and, in many areas...

  12. Lowest Vibrational States of Acrylonitrile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kisiel, Zbigniew; Martin-Drumel, Marie-Aline; Pirali, Olivier

    2015-06-01

    Recent studies of the broadband rotational spectrum of acrylonitrile, H_2C=CHC?N, revealed the presence of multiple resonances between rotational levels in different vibrational states. The resonances affect even the ground state transitions and their analysis allowed determination of vibrational term values for the first three excited states above the ground state and of vibrational energy differences in several polyads above these states. At that time there was no infrared data of sufficient resolution to assess the reliability of the resonance based vibrational energy determinations. We presently report results based on a 40-700 cm-1 high-resolution spectrum of acrylonitrile recorded at the AILES beamline of the SOLEIL synchrotron. This spectrum was reduced by using the AABS packagea, and allowed assignment of vibration-rotation transitions in four fundamentals, five hot bands, and one overtone band. The infrared data and previous measurements made with microwave techniques have been combined into a single global fit encompassing over 31000 measured transitions. Precise vibrational term values have been determined for the eight lowest excited vibrational states. The new results validate the previous estimates from rotational perturbations and are also compared with results of ab~initio anharmonic force field calculations. Z. Kisiel, et al., J. Mol. Spectrosc. 280 134 (2012). A. López, et al., Astron. & Astrophys. 572, A44 Z. Kisiel, et al., J. Mol. Spectrosc. 233 231 (2005).

  13. Radiative transitions of charmonium states

    E-print Network

    Wei-Jun Deng; Li-Ye Xiao; Long-Cheng Gui; Xian-Hui Zhong

    2015-11-04

    We systematically study the electromagnetic transitions of the $nS$, $nP$ ($n\\leq 3$), and $nD$ ($n\\leq 2$) charmonium states with a constituent quark model. Without introducing any free parameters, we obtain a reasonable description of the electromagnetic transitions of the well-established low-lying charmonium states $J/\\psi$, $\\psi(2S)$, $\\chi_{cJ}(1P)$, $h_c(1P)$ and $\\psi(3770)$. Our predictions of electromagnetic decay properties for the higher charmonium states are also presented and compared with other model predictions. It is found that some of our predictions are notably different from those of other models, which should be tested in future experiments. In particular, considering the $X(3872)$ resonance as the $\\chi_{c1}(2P)$ state, we study its electromagnetic decay properties. Our predicted ratio $\\Gamma[X(3872)\\to \\psi(2S)\\gamma]/\\Gamma[X(3872)\\to J/\\psi \\gamma]\\simeq 4.0$ is consistent with BaBar's measurement. We hope that our study could be useful to understand the electromagnetic decay properties of the discovered charmonium states, and also helpful to look for the missing charmonium states through the electromagnetic transitions.

  14. Tensor network states and geometry

    E-print Network

    Evenbly, G

    2011-01-01

    Tensor network states are used to approximate ground states of local Hamiltonians on a lattice in D spatial dimensions. Different types of tensor network states can be seen to generate different geometries. Matrix product states (MPS) in D=1 dimensions, as well as projected entangled pair states (PEPS) in D>1 dimensions, reproduce the D-dimensional physical geometry of the lattice model; in contrast, the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) generates a (D+1)-dimensional holographic geometry. Here we focus on homogeneous tensor networks, where all the tensors in the network are copies of the same tensor, and argue that certain structural properties of the resulting many-body states are preconditioned by the geometry of the tensor network and are therefore largely independent of the choice of variational parameters. Indeed, the asymptotic decay of correlations in homogeneous MPS and MERA for D=1 systems is seen to be determined by the structure of geodesics in the physical and holographic geom...

  15. Stability of the Slivan states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vrastil, Jan; Vokrouhlicky, David

    2015-11-01

    The past decade has seen an increase in the number of asteroids for which observations allowed resolving the rotation pole orientation. This data led to new studies of asteroids and their populations. One of the early examples was a discovery of Slivan states in the Koronis family (Slivan 2002). The group of prograde-rotating asteroids had spin axes nearly parallel in inertial space and similar rotation periods (later dubbed the Slivan states). Vokrouhlicky et al. (2003) proposed model based on the idea that the spin axis is confined in a resonance between its precession rate by solar torques and a particular mode of these asteroids’ orbit precession in the inertial space (in this case the s6 mode). The theoretical framework describing such situation is called Cassini dynamics.Since the past decade the importance of the Cassini dynamics in description of asteroid rotation has significantly increased, we aim to present an efficient tool for its description.We combined two symplectic integration tools into a single software. First, we use the widespread and well-tested swift integrator for orbital dynamics of the asteroid (Levison & Duncan 1994). Second, we included the spin propagator formulated by Breiter et al. (2005) into the swift architecture. This enables to simultaneously integrate orbital and rotational dynamics in a single run.We show tests that reproduce Slivan states in the Koronis zone. We also analyse stability of the Slivan states in the inner main belt, specifically in the Flora family region. We find Massalia family to be a more suitable inner main-belt location of the classical Slivan states, because of a separation between the s and s6 nodal frequencies. We also demonstrate that the Slivan states may associated with other than the s6 frequency. Under well-tuned conditions, the Slivan states may also exists for the s7 planetary frequency. For the outer main-belt body 184 Dejopeja, we find its pole location near a stable s7-associated Slivan state. Because the forced inclination of the s7 term is significantly smaller than that of the s6 term, the obliquity range of the s7 Cassini state is very small. Therefore the new, s7-related Slivan states are perhaps of only an academic interest.

  16. Reconstructing quantum states from local data.

    PubMed

    Swingle, Brian; Kim, Isaac H

    2014-12-31

    We consider the problem of reconstructing global quantum states from local data. Because the reconstruction problem has many solutions in general, we consider the reconstructed state of maximum global entropy consistent with the local data. We show that unique ground states of local Hamiltonians are exactly reconstructed as the maximal entropy state. More generally, we show that if the state in question is a ground state of a local Hamiltonian with a degenerate space of locally indistinguishable ground states, then the maximal entropy state is close to the ground state projector. We also show that local reconstruction is possible for thermal states of local Hamiltonians. Finally, we discuss a procedure to certify that the reconstructed state is close to the true global state. We call the entropy of our reconstructed maximum entropy state the "reconstruction entropy," and we discuss its relation to emergent geometry in the context of holographic duality. PMID:25615291

  17. 10 CFR 607.665 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State. 607.665 Section 607.665 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 607.665 State. State means any of the States of the United States, the District of Columbia,...

  18. 22 CFR 1006.1005 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false State. 1006.1005 Section 1006.1005 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1006.1005 State. (a) State means— (1) Any of the states of the United States; (2) The District of Columbia; (3) The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;...

  19. 42 CFR 435.403 - State residence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...paragraph (k) of this section. (e) Placement by a State in an out-of-State institution —(1) General rule. Any agency of the State, including an entity recognized under State law as being under contract with the State for such...

  20. 42 CFR 436.403 - State residence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...paragraph (j) of this section. (e) Placement by a State in an out-of-state institution —(1) General rule. Any agency of the State, including an entity recognized under State law as being under contract with the State for such...

  1. 42 CFR 435.403 - State residence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...paragraph (k) of this section. (e) Placement by a State in an out-of-State institution —(1) General rule. Any agency of the State, including an entity recognized under State law as being under contract with the State for such...

  2. 42 CFR 435.403 - State residence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...paragraph (k) of this section. (e) Placement by a State in an out-of-State institution —(1) General rule. Any agency of the State, including an entity recognized under State law as being under contract with the State for such...

  3. 42 CFR 436.403 - State residence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...paragraph (j) of this section. (e) Placement by a State in an out-of-state institution —(1) General rule. Any agency of the State, including an entity recognized under State law as being under contract with the State for such...

  4. 42 CFR 435.403 - State residence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...paragraph (k) of this section. (e) Placement by a State in an out-of-State institution —(1) General rule. Any agency of the State, including an entity recognized under State law as being under contract with the State for such...

  5. 42 CFR 436.403 - State residence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...paragraph (j) of this section. (e) Placement by a State in an out-of-state institution —(1) General rule. Any agency of the State, including an entity recognized under State law as being under contract with the State for such...

  6. 42 CFR 435.403 - State residence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...paragraph (k) of this section. (e) Placement by a State in an out-of-State institution —(1) General rule. Any agency of the State, including an entity recognized under State law as being under contract with the State for such...

  7. 42 CFR 436.403 - State residence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...paragraph (j) of this section. (e) Placement by a State in an out-of-state institution —(1) General rule. Any agency of the State, including an entity recognized under State law as being under contract with the State for such...

  8. 42 CFR 436.403 - State residence.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...paragraph (j) of this section. (e) Placement by a State in an out-of-state institution —(1) General rule. Any agency of the State, including an entity recognized under State law as being under contract with the State for such...

  9. 18 CFR 740.3 - State applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false State applications. 740.3 Section 740.3 Conservation of Power and Water Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL STATE WATER MANAGEMENT PLANNING PROGRAM § 740.3 State applications. (a) The Council shall invite the Governor of each State to submit a State application. (b) To...

  10. 18 CFR 740.3 - State applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false State applications. 740.3 Section 740.3 Conservation of Power and Water Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL STATE WATER MANAGEMENT PLANNING PROGRAM § 740.3 State applications. (a) The Council shall invite the Governor of each State to submit a State application. (b) To...

  11. Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2011

    2011-01-01

    As APA policy, the Model Act for State Licensure of Psychologists serves as a prototype for drafting state legislation regulating the practice of psychology. State legislatures are encouraged to use the language of this document and the policies that it espouses as the model for their own state licensure laws. Inevitably each state law will…

  12. 24 CFR 3282.302 - State plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false State plan. 3282.302 Section 3282... State plan. A State wishing to qualify and act as a SAA under this subpart shall make a State Plan Application under this section. The State Plan Application shall be made to the Director, Manufactured...

  13. 24 CFR 3282.302 - State plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false State plan. 3282.302 Section 3282... State plan. A State wishing to qualify and act as a SAA under this subpart shall make a State Plan Application under this section. The State Plan Application shall be made to the Director, Manufactured...

  14. 75 FR 5373 - United States Mint

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-02

    ... United States Mint ACTION: Notification of Pricing for 2010 United States Mint Presidential $1 Coin Proof Set. \\TM\\ SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing the price of the 2010 United States Mint Presidential $1 Coin Proof Set. The 2010 United States Mint Presidential $1 Coin Proof Set, featuring $1...

  15. 20 CFR 439.665 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false State. 439.665 Section 439.665 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 439.665 State. State means any of the States of the United States, the District...

  16. Reexamination of optimal quantum state estimation of pure states

    SciTech Connect

    Hayashi, A.; Hashimoto, T.; Horibe, M.

    2005-09-15

    A direct derivation is given for the optimal mean fidelity of quantum state estimation of a d-dimensional unknown pure state with its N copies given as input, which was first obtained by Hayashi in terms of an infinite set of covariant positive operator valued measures (POVM's) and by Bruss and Macchiavello establishing a connection to optimal quantum cloning. An explicit condition for POVM measurement operators for optimal estimators is obtained, by which we construct optimal estimators with finite POVMs using exact quadratures on a hypersphere. These finite optimal estimators are not generally universal, where universality means the fidelity is independent of input states. However, any optimal estimator with finite POVM for M(>N) copies is universal if it is used for N copies as input.

  17. Surface State Magnetization and Chiral Edge States on Topological Insulators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Fan; Kane, C. L.; Mele, E. J.

    2013-01-01

    We study the interaction between a ferromagnetically ordered medium and the surface states of a topological insulator with a general surface termination that were identified recently [F. Zhang et al. Phys. Rev. B 86, 081303(R) (2012)PRBMDO1098-0121]. This interaction is strongly crystal face dependent and can generate chiral states along edges between crystal facets even for a uniform magnetization. While magnetization parallel to quintuple layers shifts the momentum of the Dirac point, perpendicular magnetization lifts the Kramers degeneracy at any Dirac points except on the side face, where the spectrum remains gapless and the Hall conductivity switches sign. Chiral states can be found at any edge that reverses the projection of the surface normal to the stacking direction of quintuple layers. Magnetization also weakly hybridizes noncleavage surfaces.

  18. Occupancy estimation and modeling with multiple states and state uncertainty.

    PubMed

    Nichols, James D; Hines, A James E; Mackenzie, Darryl I; Seamans, Mark E; Gutiérrez, R J

    2007-06-01

    The distribution of a species over space is of central interest in ecology, but species occurrence does not provide all of the information needed to characterize either the well-being of a population or the suitability of occupied habitat. Recent methodological development has focused on drawing inferences about species occurrence in the face of imperfect detection. Here we extend those methods by characterizing occupied locations by some additional state variable (e.g., as producing young or not). Our modeling approach deals with both detection probabilities <1 and uncertainty in state classification. We then use the approach with occupancy and reproductive rate data from California Spotted Owls (Strix occidentalis occidentalis) collected in the central Sierra Nevada during the breeding season of 2004 to illustrate the utility of the modeling approach. Estimates of owl reproductive rate were larger than naïve estimates, indicating the importance of appropriately accounting for uncertainty in detection and state classification. PMID:17601132

  19. State nonpoint source programs affecting forestry: The 12 northeastern states

    SciTech Connect

    Irland, L.C.; Connors, J.F. )

    1994-03-01

    Programs addressing nonpoint source (NPS) water pollution impacts in forestry cover a wide range of activities in the Northeast. While state water program managers rate forestry-related sedimentation as a low priority problem, monitoring data to verify this are scanty. Most states have cooperative arrangements between environmental agencies which handle enforcement and forestry agencies which deliver NPS programs. Field assessments show that properly installed BMPs are effecting in minimizing sedimentation from forestry activities. Only a few field reviews of compliance have been done. These show that while noncompliance is significant, and erosion does occur, the water quality impacts appear to be minimal. While significant progress has been made, it will be difficult to maintain program momentum in the extremely difficult fiscal climate faced by the northeastern states. Also, the research base for defining more cost-effective practices and administrative programs has important gaps.

  20. State electricity profiles, March 1999

    SciTech Connect

    1999-03-01

    Due to the role electricity plays in the Nation`s economic and social well-being, interested parties have been following the electric power industry`s transition by keeping abreast of the restructuring and deregulation events that are taking place almost daily. Much of the attention centers around the States and how they are restructuring the business of electricity supply within their respective jurisdictions. This report is designed to profile each State and the District of Columbia regarding not only their current restructuring activities, but also their electricity generation and concomitant statistics from 1986 through 1996. Included are data on a number of subject areas including generating capability, generation, revenues, fuel use, capacity factor for nuclear plants, retail sales, and pollutant emissions. Although the Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes this type of information, there is a lack of a uniform overview for each individual State. This report is intended to help fill that gap and also to serve as a framework for more detailed studies. In addition to basic statistics in tables and graphs, a textual section is provided for each State, discussing some of the points relative to electricity production that are noteworthy in, or unique to, that particular State. Also, each State is ranked according to the place it holds, as compared to the rest of the states, in various relevant areas, such as its average price of electricity per kilowatthour, its population, and its emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants. The final chapter covers the Nation as a whole. 451 figs., 520 tabs.

  1. Bound Anionic States of Aadenine

    SciTech Connect

    Haranczyk, Maciej; Gutowski, Maciej S.; Li, Xiang; Bowen, Kit H.

    2007-03-20

    The research described in this product was performed in part in the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Anionic states of nucleic acid bases are involved in DNA damage by low-energy electrons and in charge transfer through DNA. Previous gas phase studies of free, unsolvated nucleic acid base parent anions probed only dipole-bound states, which are not present in condensed phase environments, but did not observe valence anionic states, which for purine bases are thought to be adiabatically unbound. Contrary to this expectation,wehave demonstrated that some thus far ignored tautomers of adenine, which result from enamine-imine transformations, support valence anionic states with electron vertical detachment energies as large as 2.2 eV, and at least one of these anionic tautomers is adiabatically bound. Moreover, we predict that the new anionic tautomers should also dominate in solutions and should be characterized by larger values of electron vertical detachment energy than the canonical valence anion. All of the newfound anionic tautomers might be formed in the course of dissociative electron attachment followed by a hydrogen atom attachment to a carbon atom, and they might affect the structure and properties of DNA and RNA exposed to low-energy electrons. The new valence states observed here, unlike the dipole-bound state, could exist in condensed phases and might be relevant to radiobiological damage. The discovery of these valence anionic states of adenine was facilitated by the development of (i) an experimental method for preparing parent anions of nucleic acid bases for photoelectron experiments, and (ii) a combinatorial/quantum chemical approach for identification of the most stable tautomers of organic molecules.

  2. Bound Anionic States of Adenine

    SciTech Connect

    Haranczyk, Maciej; Gutowski, Maciej S.; Li, Xiang; Bowen, Kit H.

    2007-03-20

    The research described in this product was performed in part in the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Anionic states of nucleic acid bases are involved in DNA damage by low-energy electrons and in charge transfer through DNA. Previous gas phase studies of free, unsolvated nucleic acid base parent anions probed only dipole-bound states, which are not present in condensed phase environments, but did not observe valence anionic states, which for purine bases are thought to be adiabatically unbound. Contrary to this expectation, we have demonstrated that some thus far ignored tautomers of adenine, which result from enamine-imine transformations, support valence anionic states with electron vertical detachment energies as large as 2.2 eV, and at least one of these anionic tautomers is adiabatically bound. Moreover, we predict that the new anionic tautomers should also dominate in solutions and should be characterized by larger values of electron vertical detachment energy than the canonical valence anion. All of the newfound anionic tautomers might be formed in the course of dissociative electron attachment followed by a hydrogen atom attachment to a carbon atom, and they might affect the structure and properties of DNA and RNA exposed to low-energy electrons. The new valence states observed here, unlike the dipole-bound state, could exist in condensed phases and might be relevant to radiobiological damage. The discovery of these valence anionic states of adenine was facilitated by the development of (i) an experimental method for preparing parent anions of nucleic acid bases for photoelectron experiments, and (it) a combinatorial/quantum chemical approach for identification of the most stable tautomers of organic molecules.

  3. Linearized theory of peridynamic states.

    SciTech Connect

    Silling, Stewart Andrew

    2009-04-01

    A state-based peridynamic material model describes internal forces acting on a point in terms of the collective deformation of all the material within a neighborhood of the point. In this paper, the response of a state-based peridynamic material is investigated for a small deformation superposed on a large deformation. The appropriate notion of a small deformation restricts the relative displacement between points, but it does not involve the deformation gradient (which would be undefined on a crack). The material properties that govern the linearized material response are expressed in terms of a new quantity called the modulus state. This determines the force in each bond resulting from an incremental deformation of itself or of other bonds. Conditions are derived for a linearized material model to be elastic, objective, and to satisfy balance of angular momentum. If the material is elastic, then the modulus state is obtainable from the second Frechet derivative of the strain energy density function. The equation of equilibrium with a linearized material model is a linear Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. An analogue of Poincare's theorem is proved that applies to the infinite dimensional space of all peridynamic vector states, providing a condition similar to irrotationality in vector calculus.

  4. Chimera states in three dimensions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maistrenko, Yuri; Sudakov, Oleksandr; Osiv, Oleksiy; Maistrenko, Volodymyr

    2015-07-01

    The chimera state is a recently discovered dynamical phenomenon in arrays of nonlocally coupled oscillators, that displays a self-organized spatial pattern of coexisting coherence and incoherence. In this paper, the first evidence of three-dimensional chimera states is reported for the Kuramoto model of phase oscillators in 3D grid topology with periodic boundary conditions. Systematic analysis of the dependence of the spatiotemporal dynamics on the range and strength of coupling shows that there are two principal classes of the chimera patterns which exist in large domains of the parameter space: (I) oscillating and (II) spirally rotating. Characteristic examples from the first class include coherent as well as incoherent balls, tubes, crosses, and layers in incoherent or coherent surrounding; the second class includes scroll waves with incoherent, randomized rolls of different modality and dynamics. Numerical simulations started from various initial conditions indicate that the states are stable over the integration time. Videos of the dynamics of the chimera states are presented in supplementary material. It is concluded that three-dimensional chimera states, which are novel spatiotemporal patterns involving the coexistence of coherent and incoherent domains, can represent one of the inherent features of nature.

  5. Fusing Imperfect Photonic Cluster States

    E-print Network

    Yaakov S. Weinstein

    2012-11-30

    The ability to construct large photonic cluster states capable of supporting universal quantum computation relies on fusing together cluster primitives. These fusion operations are probabilistic and the efficiency of the construction process relies on recycling remains of cluster primitives that have undergone failed fusion attempts. Here I consider the effects of the inevitible decoherence that must arise while storing cluster primitives. First, I explore the case where dephased two-qubit cluster states are the basic resource for the construction of all larger cluster states, all fusion operations are successful, and no further dephasing occurs during the construction process. This allows us to explore how decoherence of the most basic, primitive clusters translate into imperfections of the larger cluster states constructed from them. I then assume that decoherence occurs before every attempted fusion operation and determine the best way to build a five qubit cluster. This requires including the effects of the fusion operation failures. Fidelity is used as the measure of accuracy for the constructed cluster states. Finally, I include a short discussion of photon loss and how it affects the construction of simple photonic clusters.

  6. Thermodynamic States in Explosion Fields

    SciTech Connect

    Kuhl, A L

    2010-03-12

    We investigate the thermodynamic states occurring in explosion fields from condensed explosive charges. These states are often modeled with a Jones-Wilkins-Lee (JWL) function. However, the JWL function is not a Fundamental Equation of Thermodynamics, and therefore cannot give a complete specification of such states. We use the Cheetah code of Fried to study the loci of states of the expanded detonation products gases from C-4 charges, and their combustion products air. In the Le Chatelier Plane of specific-internal-energy versus temperature, these loci are fit with a Quadratic Model function u(T), which has been shown to be valid for T < 3,000 K and p < 1k-bar. This model is used to derive a Fundamental Equation u(v,s) for C-4. Given u(v,s), one can use Maxwell's Relations to derive all other thermodynamic functions, such as temperature: T(v,s), pressure: p(v,s), enthalpy: h(v,s), Gibbs free energy: g(v,s) and Helmholz free energy: f(v,s); these loci are displayed in figures for C-4. Such complete equations of state are needed for numerical simulations of blast waves from explosive charges, and their reflections from surfaces.

  7. Thermodynamic States in Explosion Fields

    SciTech Connect

    Kuhl, A L

    2009-10-16

    Here we investigate the thermodynamic states occurring in explosion fields from the detonation of condensed explosives in air. In typical applications, the pressure of expanded detonation products gases is modeled by a Jones-Wilkins-Lee (JWL) function: P{sub JWL} = f(v,s{sub CJ}); constants in that function are fit to cylinder test data. This function provides a specification of pressure as a function of specific volume, v, along the expansion isentrope (s = constant = s{sub CJ}) starting at the Chapman-Jouguet (CJ) state. However, the JWL function is not a fundamental equation of thermodynamics, and therefore gives an incomplete specification of states. For example, explosions inherently involve shock reflections from surfaces; this changes the entropy of the products, and in such situations the JWL function provides no information on the products states. In addition, most explosives are not oxygen balanced, so if hot detonation products mix with air, they after-burn, releasing the heat of reaction via a turbulent combustion process. This raises the temperature of explosion products cloud to the adiabatic flame temperature ({approx}3,000K). Again, the JWL function provides no information on the combustion products states.

  8. Probing a gravitational cat state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anastopoulos, C.; Hu, B. L.

    2015-08-01

    We investigate the nature of a gravitational two-state system (G2S) in the simplest setup in Newtonian gravity. In a quantum description of matter a single motionless massive particle can in principle be in a superposition state of two spatially separated locations. This superposition state in gravity, or gravitational cat state, would lead to fluctuations in the Newtonian force exerted on a nearby test particle. The central quantity of importance for this inquiry is the energy density correlation. This corresponds to the noise kernel in stochastic gravity theory, evaluated in the weak field nonrelativistic limit. In this limit quantum fluctuations of the stress-energy tensor manifest as the fluctuations of the Newtonian force. We describe the properties of such a G2S system and present two ways of measuring the cat state for the Newtonian force, one by way of a classical probe, the other a quantum harmonic oscillator. Our findings include: (i) mass density fluctuations persist even in single particle systems, and they are of the same order of magnitude as the mean; (ii) a classical probe generically records a non-Markovian fluctuating force; (iii) a quantum probe interacting with the G2S system may undergo Rabi oscillations in a strong coupling regime. This simple prototypical gravitational quantum system could provide a robust testing ground to compare predictions from alternative quantum theories, since the results reported here are based on standard quantum mechanics and classical gravity.

  9. Probing a Gravitational Cat State

    E-print Network

    Charis Anastopoulos; Bei-Lok Hu

    2015-04-13

    We investigate the nature of a gravitational two-state system (G2S) in the simplest setup in Newtonian gravity. In a quantum description of matter a single motionless massive particle can in principle be in a superposition state of two spatially-separated locations. This superposition state in gravity, or gravitational cat state, would lead to fluctuations in the Newtonian force exerted on a nearby test particle. The central quantity of importance for this inquiry is the energy density correlation. This corresponds to the noise kernel in stochastic gravity theory, evaluated in the weak field nonrelativistic limit. In this limit, quantum fluctuations of the stress energy tensor manifest as the fluctuations of the Newtonian force. We describe the properties of such a G2S system and present two ways of measuring the cat state for the Newtonian force, one by way of a classical probe, the other a quantum harmonic oscillator. Our findings include: (i) mass density fluctuations persist even in single particle systems, and they are of the same order of magnitude as the mean; (ii) a classical probe generically records a non-Markovian fluctuating force; (iii) a quantum probe interacting with the G2S system may undergo Rabi oscillations in a strong coupling regime. This simple prototypical gravitational quantum system could provide a robust testing ground to compare predictions from alternative quantum theories, since the results reported here are based on standard quantum mechanics and classical gravity.

  10. Probing a Gravitational Cat State

    E-print Network

    Anastopoulos, Charis

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the nature of a gravitational two-state system (G2S) in the simplest setup in Newtonian gravity. In a quantum description of matter a single motionless massive particle can in principle be in a superposition state of two spatially-separated locations. This superposition state in gravity, or gravitational cat state, would lead to fluctuations in the Newtonian force exerted on a nearby test particle. The central quantity of importance for this inquiry is the energy density correlation. This corresponds to the noise kernel in stochastic gravity theory, evaluated in the weak field nonrelativistic limit. In this limit, quantum fluctuations of the stress energy tensor manifest as the fluctuations of the Newtonian force. We describe the properties of such a G2S system and present two ways of measuring the cat state for the Newtonian force, one by way of a classical probe, the other a quantum harmonic oscillator. Our findings include: (i) mass density fluctuations persist even in single particle system...

  11. Regional and State Level Water Scarcity Report: Northeast United States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nicoletti, C. K.; Lopez-Morales, C. A.; Hoover, J. H.; Voigt, B. G.; Vorosmarty, C. J.; Mohammed, I. N.

    2010-12-01

    There are an abundance of large-scale, coarse resolution global water scarcity studies, but the existing literature fails to address regional and state specific scarcity measures. Moreover, while environmental water requirements are an integral factor in the development and implementation of sustainable water management practices, only recently has this notion been introduced to water scarcity research. In this paper, we argue that developing a preliminary measure of water scarcity, at the regional and state levels, will allow for more informed policy development. The goal of this study is to generate a more comprehensive understanding of water scarcity in the Northeast, by gathering fine scale data, applying a consistent methodology to the calculation of a scarcity index, and analyzing the results to see relative trends in spatio-temporal water scarcity. Public supply, irrigation, rural, industrial and thermo-power withdrawals have been compiled from USGS state water use publications from 1950 to 1985. Using the WBMplus water model runoff data, state specific in-stream environmental water requirements were calculated using the accepted hydro-ecological methodology. Water scarcity was then calculated as a ratio of water withdrawals to total available water minus environmental flow requirements for the system. In so doing, this study generates a spatially explicit and temporally varying water scarcity indicator (WSI) for the Northeastern United States between 1950 and 2000 at the regional and state levels at a five-year time interval. Calculation of a spatial and temporal water scarcity indicator enabled us to identify regions and specific states that were: slightly exploited (WSI < 0.3), moderately exploited (0.31.0). The minimum environmental water requirements to maintain in-stream aquatic and riparian ecosystems for the Northeastern states ranged between 27.5 to 36.3 percent of the mean annual runoff within Vermont and Maryland, respectively. The regional WSI values ranged between 0.199 in 1950 and 0.512 in 1995, indicating increasing water scarcity over time as population and employment growth has placed greater demands on water resources. Additionally, our study revealed that in 1980, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and New Jersey scarcity levels were 0.733, 0.790 and 0.857, respectively. Although the Northeastern United States is commonly perceived as a water rich region, moderate to heavily exploited levels of water stress were observed over the time period when a finer spatial scale is utilized. Water scarcity indicator values were disaggregated by state for each time period and illustrated using a series of maps. Additional descriptive statistics were used to elucidate the differences in water scarcity between states over time.

  12. Teaching Evolution: Do State Standards Matter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Randy

    2002-01-01

    Explores the relationship of state standards for the teaching of evolution to the actual teaching of that subject. Compares a grading of states for their performance and discusses the question of whether state standards matter. (MM)

  13. 40 CFR 272.700 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false State authorization. 272...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT...to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments...program for which a State may receive...

  14. 40 CFR 272.400 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false State authorization. 272...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT...to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Act Amendments...program for which a State may receive...

  15. 40 CFR 272.1300 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false State authorization. 272...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT...to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of...program for which a State may receive...

  16. 40 CFR 272.400 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false State authorization. 272...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT...to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Act Amendments...program for which a State may receive...

  17. 40 CFR 272.1150 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false State authorization. 272...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT...to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of...program for which a State may receive...

  18. 40 CFR 272.1150 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false State authorization. 272...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT...to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of...program for which a State may receive...

  19. 40 CFR 272.700 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false State authorization. 272...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT...to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments...program for which a State may receive...

  20. 40 CFR 272.1300 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false State authorization. 272...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT...to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of...program for which a State may receive...

  1. 40 CFR 272.1800 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false State authorization. 272...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT...to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of...program for which a State may receive...

  2. 40 CFR 272.1800 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false State authorization. 272...AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT...to the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of...program for which a State may receive...

  3. 75 FR 5373 - United States Mint

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-02

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint ACTION: Notification of Pricing for 2010 United States Mint Presidential $1 Coin Proof Set. \\TM...SUMMARY: The United States Mint is announcing the price of the 2010...

  4. 75 FR 25925 - United States Mint

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY United States Mint ACTION: Notification of Citizens Coinage...5135(b)(8)(C), the United States Mint announces the Citizens Coinage Advisory...8th Floor Board Room, United States Mint, 801 9th Street, NW.,...

  5. Match Report by State Class of 2009

    E-print Network

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    Dartmouth-Hitchcock Med Ctr-NH Psychiatry 1 Match_Report_2009.xls #12;Match Report by State Class of 2009.xls #12;Match Report by State Class of 2009 State Hospital Specialty # of NJMS Students NY New York

  6. 7 CFR 1210.315 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Definitions § 1210.315 United States. United States means each of the several States and the District of Columbia. National Watermelon Promotion Board...

  7. 7 CFR 1210.315 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Definitions § 1210.315 United States. United States means each of the several States and the District of Columbia. National Watermelon Promotion Board...

  8. 7 CFR 1210.315 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Definitions § 1210.315 United States. United States means each of the several States and the District of Columbia. National Watermelon Promotion Board...

  9. 7 CFR 1210.315 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Definitions § 1210.315 United States. United States means each of the several States and the District of Columbia. National Watermelon Promotion Board...

  10. 7 CFR 1210.315 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATERMELON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Definitions § 1210.315 United States. United States means each of the several States and the District of Columbia. National Watermelon Promotion Board...

  11. 45 CFR 1155.665 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false State. 1155.665 Section 1155.665...Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT...ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1155.665 State. State means any of the...

  12. 45 CFR 1155.665 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false State. 1155.665 Section 1155.665...Continued) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT...ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1155.665 State. State means any of the...

  13. 28 CFR 33.10 - State government.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...State government. 33.10 Section 33.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAMS Criminal Justice Block Grants Eligible Applicants § 33.10 State government. All states...

  14. 45 CFR 630.665 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 630.665 State. State means any of the States of...

  15. 45 CFR 630.665 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 630.665 State. State means any of the States of...

  16. 45 CFR 630.665 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 630.665 State. State means any of the States of...

  17. 45 CFR 630.665 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 630.665 State. State means any of the States of...

  18. 45 CFR 630.665 - State.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 630.665 State. State means any of the States of...

  19. 7 CFR 65.255 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...LABELING OF BEEF, PORK, LAMB, CHICKEN, GOAT MEAT, PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, MACADAMIA NUTS, PECANS, PEANUTS, AND GINSENG General Provisions Definitions § 65.255 United States. United States means the 50 States, the District of...

  20. 7 CFR 65.255 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...LABELING OF BEEF, PORK, LAMB, CHICKEN, GOAT MEAT, PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, MACADAMIA NUTS, PECANS, PEANUTS, AND GINSENG General Provisions Definitions § 65.255 United States. United States means the 50 States, the District of...

  1. 7 CFR 65.255 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...LABELING OF BEEF, PORK, LAMB, CHICKEN, GOAT MEAT, PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, MACADAMIA NUTS, PECANS, PEANUTS, AND GINSENG General Provisions Definitions § 65.255 United States. United States means the 50 States, the District of...

  2. 7 CFR 65.255 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...LABELING OF BEEF, PORK, LAMB, CHICKEN, GOAT MEAT, PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, MACADAMIA NUTS, PECANS, PEANUTS, AND GINSENG General Provisions Definitions § 65.255 United States. United States means the 50 States, the District of...

  3. 7 CFR 65.255 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...LABELING OF BEEF, PORK, LAMB, CHICKEN, GOAT MEAT, PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, MACADAMIA NUTS, PECANS, PEANUTS, AND GINSENG General Provisions Definitions § 65.255 United States. United States means the 50 States, the District of...

  4. Zermelo navigation for quantum states

    E-print Network

    Brody, Dorje C; Meier, David M

    2014-01-01

    The quantum navigation problem of finding the time-optimal control Hamiltonian that transports a given initial state to a target state, under the influence of external fields, is analysed. By lifting the problem from the state space to the space of unitary gates realising the required task, we are able to deduce the form of the solution to the problem by deriving a universal quantum speed limit. The expression thus obtained indicates that further simplifications of this apparently difficult problem are possible if we switch to the interaction picture of quantum mechanics. A complete solution to the navigation problem for an arbitrary quantum system is then obtained, and the behaviour of the solution is illustrated in the case of a two-level system.

  5. 2014 Penn State Bioinorganic Workshop

    SciTech Connect

    Golbeck, John

    2015-10-01

    The 3rd Penn State Bioinorganic Workshop took place in early June 2014 and was combined with the 3rd Penn State Frontiers in Metallobiochemistry Symposium. The workshop was even larger than the 2nd Penn State Bioinorganic Workshop we offered in 2012. It had even more participants (162 rather than 123 in 2012). Like the 2012 workshop, the 2014 workshop had three parts. The first part consisted of 16 90-minute lectures presented by faculty experts on the topic of their expertise (see below). Based on the suggestions from the 2012 workshop, we have recorded all 16 lectures professionally and make them available to the entire bioinorganic community via online streaming. In addition, hard copies of the recordings are available as backup.

  6. State-of-charge coulometer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rowlette, J. J. (inventor)

    1985-01-01

    A coulometer for accurately measuring the state-of-charge of an open-cell battery utilizing an aqueous electrolyte, includes a current meter for measuring the battery/discharge current and a flow meter for measuring the rate at which the battery produces gas during charge and discharge. Coupled to the flow meter is gas analyzer which measures the oxygen fraction of the battery gas. The outputs of the current meter, flow meter, and gas analyzer are coupled to a programmed microcomputer which includes a CPU and program and data memories. The microcomputer calculates that fraction of charge and discharge current consumed in the generation of gas so that the actual state-of-charge can be determined. The state-of-charge is then shown on a visual display.

  7. Chimera states in Star Networks

    E-print Network

    Chandrakala Meena; K. Murali; Sudeshna Sinha

    2015-09-03

    We consider star networks of chaotic oscillators, with all end-nodes connected only to the central hub node, under diffusive coupling, conjugate coupling and mean-field type coupling. We observe the existence of chimeras in the end-nodes, which are identical in terms of the coupling environment and dynamical equations. Namely, the symmetry of the end-nodes is broken and co-existing groups with different synchronization features and attractor geometries emerge. Surprisingly, such chimera states are very wide-spread in this network topology, and large parameter regimes of moderate coupling strengths evolve to chimera states from generic random initial conditions. Further, we verify the robustness of these chimera states in analog circuit experiments. Thus it is evident that star networks provide a promising class of coupled systems, in natural or human-engineered contexts, where chimeras are prevalent.

  8. United States National seismograph network

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Masse, R.P.; Filson, J.R.; Murphy, A.

    1989-01-01

    The USGS National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) has planned and is developing a broadband digital seismograph network for the United States. The network will consist of approximately 150 seismograph stations distributed across the contiguous 48 states and across Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Data transmission will be via two-way satellite telemetry from the network sites to a central recording facility at the NEIC in Golden, Colorado. The design goal for the network is the on-scale recording by at least five well-distributed stations of any seismic event of magnitude 2.5 or greater in all areas of the United States except possibly part of Alaska. All event data from the network will be distributed to the scientific community on compact disc with read-only memory (CD-ROM). ?? 1989.

  9. Vortex state in ferromagnetic nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Betto, Davide; Coey, J. M. D.

    2014-05-01

    The evolution of the magnetic state of a soft ferromagnetic nanoparticle with its size is usually thought to be from superparamagnetic single domain to blocked single domain to a blocked multidomain structure. Néel pointed out that a vortex configuration produces practically no stray field at the cost of an increase in the exchange energy, of the order of RJS2lnR /c, where JS2 is the bond energy, R is the particle radius, and c is of the order of the exchange length. A vortex structure is energetically cheaper than single domain when the radius is greater than a certain value. The correct sequence should include a vortex configuration between the single domain and the multidomain states. The critical size is calculated for spherical particles of four important materials (nickel, magnetite, permalloy, and iron) both numerically and analytically. A vortex state is favored in materials with high magnetisation.

  10. Modern solid state laser materials

    SciTech Connect

    Krupke, W.F.

    1984-06-20

    This document contains visual aids used in an invited talk entitled Modern Solid State Laser Materials, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) held in Anaheim, California, on June 20, 1984. Interest at LLNL in solid state lasers focuses on evaluating the potential of solid state laser media for high average power applications, including inertial fusion power production. This talk identifies the relevant bulk material parameters characterizing average power capacity and uses chromium and neodymium co-doped gadolinium scandium gallium garnet (Nd:Cr:GSGG) as an example of a laser material with improved laser properties relative to Nd:YAG (plausible large-scale growth, more efficient spectral coupling to xenon flashlamp radiation, reduced stimulated emission cross section, adequate thermal shock and optical damage threshold parameters, etc.). Recently measured spectroscopic, kinetic, and thermo-mechanical properties of Nd:Cr:GSGG are given.

  11. The State of Homeless Children in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kabler, Brenda; Weinstein, Elana

    2009-01-01

    Across America, the numbers of homeless children and families are growing as a result of many factors including the recent economic crisis, home foreclosures, and natural disasters. Because of an increase in the number of homeless children throughout the United States, this population has unmet needs that can be targeted in school settings under…

  12. State Funding for Students with Disabilities. ECS 50-State Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millard, Maria; Aragon, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    About 13 percent of all public school students receive special educational services and state spending for these students is rising. In Michigan, for example, spending rose 60 percent from 2000 to 2010. While service costs have been increasing, the share of the costs covered by federal funding has been decreasing. Six years ago, the Individuals…

  13. Cost Differentials in State Aid Programs in Selected States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, K. Forbis

    This paper discusses the merits of cost differentials and weighted-pupil formulas as vehicles for allocating State school support funds to local school districts. The research conducted by the National Educational Finance Project to identify educational program expenditures and to develop cost differentials for each educational program in a…

  14. Professional-Development Systems: The State of the States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gannett, Ellen; Nee, Judy; Smith, Darci

    2001-01-01

    Describes states' efforts to implement a school-age credentialing system for child caregivers. Identifies basic problems hindering progress: readiness, infrastructure, and sustainability of infrastructure. Delineates implications for school-age care of significant initiatives in California, Florida, and New York. Suggests that there is no…

  15. TEACHER EVALUATION--A STATE-BY-STATE ANALYSIS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCPHAIL, JAMES H.

    STATES THAT HAVE ATTEMPTED TO EVALUATE TEACHERS BY WAYS OTHER THAN DEGREES GAINED AND/OR EXPERIENCE INCLUDE (1) SOUTH CAROLINA WHICH USED THE NATIONAL TEACHER EXAMINATIONS (NTE), (2) NEW YORK--MERIT PROMOTIONAL INCREMENTS, (3) DELAWARE--SALARY INCREASE FOR TEACHERS WITH CERTAIN RATINGS, (4) TENNESSEE--A SALARY DIFFERENTIAL SUPPLEMENT TO SUPERIOR…

  16. Adult Learning in Focus: National and State by State Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for Adult and Experiential Learning (NJ1), 2008

    2008-01-01

    There is a strong and growing argument for higher educational attainment in the United States. The jobs that are expected to support the economy in the coming years will depend on a skilled workforce that is able to learn and adapt quickly to new challenges. However, demographic patterns demonstrate that relying on the traditional K-16 pipeline to…

  17. Redesigning State Financial Aid: Principles to Guide State Aid Policymaking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pingel, Sarah; Sponsler, Brian A.

    2015-01-01

    Several factors create a challenging environment for individuals seeking financial support to complete a postsecondary degree program. In recognition of the challenges of paying for higher education, decision-makers at the federal and state levels support college-going with public policy. Through direct institutional allocations, need and…

  18. The Changing State of State Funding--Opportunity and Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Timothy P.

    2010-01-01

    The recent economic downturn has had a serious effect on public higher education, and problems will linger for some years hence. The impact of this disinvestment has been particularly severe for the University of California. The dramatic decrease in state funding has necessitated large relative increases in education and registration fees for our…

  19. Trouble Brewing: The Disaster of California State Pensions. State Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buck, Stuart

    2010-01-01

    California has promised its public employees lavish pensions and retiree health benefits without setting aside nearly enough money to pay for those benefits. As a result, California already admits to a $75.5 billion shortfall in paying for these promises to public employees--$40.5 billion for the teachers' retirement plan (California State

  20. Michigan State of the State 29 Weight Variable: statewt

    E-print Network

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Follow Politics 19 PO2 Granholm Rating 20 PO1 Bush Rating 20 SEC4 Terrorist Attack 21 p18 State Health Care 33 h3 Affordability Health Care 34 h4 Health Insurance Problem 34 h6 Familiarity MIchild (MY-CHILD