Sample records for akwa ibom state

  1. Peacebuilding Mechanisms in Akwa Ibom State Oil-Bearing Communities in Nigeria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Udofia

    2011-01-01

    Major multinational oil companies depend largely on oil wells in Akwa Ibom State because of increased oil bunkering, hostage-taking, and incessant militants’ attacks in other parts of the region. The explanation of the state’s peaceful conditions lies in the utilization of the traditional peacebuilding mechanism of the Ayei and Mbiam of the Ibibio people to manage conflicts between the operating

  2. Entrepreneurship Education and Career Intentions of Tertiary Education Students in Akwa Ibom and Cross River States, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ekpoh, Uduak Imo; Edet, Aniefiok Oswald

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the impact of entrepreneurship education on career intentions among 500 students drawn from two universities in Akwa Ibom and Cross River States of Nigeria. The study adopted a survey design. Two research questions and two hypotheses were raised for the study. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire titled

  3. Cassava Intake and Vitamin A Status among Women and Preschool Children in Akwa-Ibom, Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    De Moura, Fabiana F.; Moursi, Mourad; Lubowa, Abdelrahman; Ha, Barbara; Boy, Erick; Oguntona, Babatunde; Sanusi, Rasaki A.; Maziya-Dixon, Busie

    2015-01-01

    Background As part of the HarvestPlus provitamin A-biofortified cassava program in Nigeria we conducted a survey to determine the cassava intake and prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among children 6-59 months and women of childbearing age in the state of Akwa Ibom. Methods A cluster-randomized cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2011 in Akwa Ibom, Nigeria. The usual food and nutrient intakes were estimated using a multi-pass 24-hour recall with repeated recall on a subsample. Blood samples of children and women were collected to analyze for serum retinol, serum ferritin, and acute phase proteins as indicators of infection. Vitamin A deficiency was defined as serum retinol <0.70 ?mol/L adjusted for infection. Results A total of 587 households of a mother-child dyad participated in the dietary intake assessment. Cassava was very widely consumed in Akwa Ibom, mainly as gari or foofoo. Daily cassava consumption frequency was 92% and 95% among children and women, respectively. Mean (SD) cassava intake (expressed as raw fresh weight) was 348 317 grams/day among children and 940 777 grams/day among women. Intakes of most micronutrients appeared to be adequate with the exception of calcium. Median vitamin A intake was very high both for children (1038 ?g RAE/day) and women (2441 ?g RAE/day). Red palm oil and dark green leafy vegetables were the main sources of vitamin A in the diet, with red palm oil alone contributing almost 60% of vitamin A intake in women and children. Prevalence of vitamin A deficiency ranged from moderate (16.9 %) among children to virtually non-existent (3.4 %) among women. Conclusion Consumption of cassava and vitamin A intake was high among women and children in Akwa Ibom with a prevalence of vitamin A deficiency ranging from moderate in children to non-existent among women. The provitamin A biofortified cassava and other vitamin A interventions should focus dissemination in states where red palm oil is not widely consumed. PMID:26083382

  4. A survey of the repository of groundwater potential and distribution using geoelectrical resistivity method in Itu Local Government Area (L.G.A), Akwa Ibom State, southern Nigeria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ibuot, J. C.; Akpabio, G. T.; George, N. J.

    2013-12-01

    Vertical electrical sounding (VES), employing a Schlumberger electrode configuration, was used to investigate the sediments and aquifer repositories in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom state, southern Nigeria. This was done in sixteen (16) locations/communities with the maximum current electrode spread ranging between 800-1000m. The field data were interpreted using forward and iterative least square inversion modeling, which gives a resolution with 3-5 geoelectric layers. The observed frequencies in curve types include 31.25% of AKH, 18.8% of AAK and HK and 6.25% of K, QHK, AKH, KA and KHQ, respectively. These sets of curves show a wide range of variabilities in resistivities between and within the layers penetrated by current. The presence of K and H curve types in the study area indicates the alteration of the geomaterials with limited hydrologic significance to the prolific groundwater repository. A correlation of the constrained nearby borehole lithology logs with the VES results shows that the layers were all sandy formations (fine and well sorted sands to gravelly sands or medium to coarse-grained sands as described by nearby lithology logs) with some wide ranges of electrical resistivity values and thicknesses caused by electrostratigraphic inhomogeneity. The geologic topsoil (motley topsoil) is generally porous and permeable and as such the longitudinal conductance ( S) values for the covering/protective layer is generally less than unity of Siemens ( S < 1?-1), the value considered for efficient protection of the underlying aquifers by the topmost and overlying layer. The spatial orientations and the leveling patterns of the most economically viable potential groundwater repository within the maximum current electrode separations has been delineated in 2-D and 3-D contoured maps. The estimated depth range for the desired groundwater repository is 32.6-113.1m and its average depth value is 74.30m. The thickness of this layer ranges from 27.9-103m while its average depth has been evaluated to be 63.02m. Also, its resistivity range and average value have been estimated to be 507-5612m and 3365.125?m

  5. A survey of the repository of groundwater potential and distribution using geoelectrical resistivity method in Itu Local Government Area (L.G.A), Akwa Ibom State, southern Nigeria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ibuot, J.; Akpabio, G.; George, N.

    2013-12-01

    Vertical electrical sounding (VES), employing a Schlumberger electrode configuration, was used to investigate the sediments and aquifer repositories in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom state, southern Nigeria. This was done in sixteen (16) locations/communities with the maximum current electrode spread ranging between 800-1000m. The field data were interpreted using forward and iterative least square inversion modeling, which gives a resolution with 3-5 geoelectric layers. The observed frequencies in curve types include 31.25% of AKH, 18.8% of AAK and HK and 6.25% of K, QHK, AKH, KA and KHQ, respectively. These sets of curves show a wide range of variabilities in resistivities between and within the layers penetrated by current. The presence of K and H curve types in the study area indicates the alteration of the geomaterials with limited hydrologic significance to the prolific groundwater repository. A correlation of the constrained nearby borehole lithology logs with the VES results shows that the layers were all sandy formations (fine and well sorted sands to gravelly sands or medium to coarse-grained sands as described by nearby lithology logs) with some wide ranges of electrical resistivity values and thicknesses caused by electrostratigraphic inhomogeneity. The geologic topsoil (motley topsoil) is generally porous and permeable and as such the longitudinal conductance (S) values for the covering/protective layer is generally less than unity of Siemens (S < 1?-1), the value considered for efficient protection of the underlying aquifers by the topmost and overlying layer. The spatial orientations and the leveling patterns of the most economically viable potential groundwater repository within the maximum current electrode separations has been delineated in 2-D and 3-D contoured maps. The estimated depth range for the desired groundwater repository is 32.6-113.1m and its average depth value is 74.30m. The thickness of this layer ranges from 27.9-103m while its average depth has been evaluated to be 63.02m. Also, its resistivity range and average value have been estimated to be 507-5612m and 3365.125?m

  6. Heavy Metals Accumulation by Talinum triangulare grown on Waste Dumpsites in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebong, G. A.; Etuk, H. S.; Johnson, A. S.

    The accumulation of some heavy metals by Talinum triangulare grown on waste dumpsites in Uyo Metropolis was studied using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Results obtained indicated the following ranges for the metals in dumpsite soil: Cd: 1.85-8.65 mg kg-1; Pb: 42.05-60.85 mg kg-1; Ni: 11.05-20.55 mg kg-1; Fe: 183.00-237.20 mg kg-1 and Zn: 11.35-119.30 mg kg-1, while the ranges in Talinum triangure were Cd: 0.10-0.30 mg kg-1; Pb: 0.33-1.55 mg kg-1; Ni:0.05-0.45 mg kg-1; Fe: 223.43-260.00 mg kg-1 and Zn: 2.20-29.95 mg kg-1. These results indicated higher levels of the metals in soils and plants from dumpsites than the values recorded in the Control samples. In the dumpsite soil and plant samples, Fe recorded the highest mean concentrations in both samples while Cd and Ni concentrations were the lowest in soil and plant respectively. Although, the ranges obtained for the metals in plant and soil were within the recommended limits except for Cd in soil and Fe in plant, it maybe risky to consume water leaf grown on dumpsites since it can accumulate much of these toxic metals. The results obtained also revealed that apart from Cd, the concentrations of other metals analyzed for in plant and soil correlated positively at p = 0.05. The transfer Ratio between dumpsite soil and plant samples indicated the following trend: Fe> Zn> Cd> Pb> Ni showing that the rate of metal uptake by T. triangulare was greatest with Fe, while the rate of Ni uptake was the least. Relative standard deviations in the distribution of the metals in plant and soil samples from one dumpsite to the other were also studied; results obtained showed a high degree of variability in the distributions of the metals in both samples with the locations.

  7. PAH depositional history and sources in recent sediment core from Ukwa Ibom Lake, S. E. Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Oyo-Ita, O E; Oyo-Ita, I O

    2013-04-01

    Analyses of recent sediment core from the Ukwa Ibom Lake show evidence of aquatic production, terrigenous, combustion and petroleum inputs. Total organic carbon/total nitrogen values (>10) for the sediments indicate greater wash-in of land-plant organic matter relative to algal production. The characteristic combustion ratios, fluoranthene/fluoranthene+pyrene (>0.50), anthracene/anthracene+phenanthrene (>0.10), benzo(a)anthracene/benzo(a)anthracene+chrysene (>0.35) as well as 1,7/1,7+2,6-dimethylphenanthrene (>0.70) were observed for the top section only. These results coincided with the most recent pave-road extension exercise involving tree logging and burning of bush. The highest total PAH concentration (91.13ng/g dry weight (dw)) observed for the bottom section coincided with the period of inhabitation of the lake catchments (~5 decades ago) when discharge to the Lake water of domestic sewage and mill waste water were prevalent. The regular decline in total PAH concentrations upcore is a reflection of the ban placed on indiscriminate dumping of wastes following relocation of the inhabitants of the catchments. Besides the local depositional history, the irregular decrease in unresolved complex mixture (UCM) profiles suggests regional contaminant influx from the adjacent upper Cross River estuary, especially during intense rainfall event. The non-uniformity in methylphenanthrene indices (MPI-1 and MPI-2) shows evidence of importation and utilization of petroleum products of different thermal maturity histories into the Nigerian economy. PMID:22821212

  8. Heavy Metals in Seafood and Farm Produce from Uyo, Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Orisakwe, Orish E.; Mbagwu, Herbert O. C.; Ajaezi, Godwin C.; Edet, Ukeme W.; Uwana, Patrick U.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: This study aimed to obtain representative data on the levels of heavy metals in seafood and farm produce consumed by the general population in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, a region known for the exploration and exploitation of crude oil. Methods: In May 2012, 25 food items, including common types of seafood, cereals, root crops and vegetables, were purchased in Uyo or collected from farmland in the region. Dried samples were ground, digested and centrifuged. Levels of heavy metals (lead, cadmium, nickel, cobalt and chromium) were analysed using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Average daily intake and target hazard quotients (THQ) were estimated. Results: Eight food items (millet, maize, periwinkle, crayfish, stock fish, sabina fish, bonga fish and pumpkin leaf) had THQ values over 1.0 for cadmium, indicating a potential health risk in their consumption. All other heavy metals had THQ values below 1.0, indicating insignificant health risks. The total THQ for the heavy metals ranged from 0.389 to 2.986. There were 14 items with total THQ values greater than 1.0, indicating potential health risks in their consumption. Conclusion: The regular consumption of certain types of farm produce and seafood available in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, is likely adding to the body burden of heavy metals among those living in this region.

  9. Current Trends of Immunization in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges

    PubMed Central

    Ophori, Endurance A.; Tula, Musa Y.; Azih, Azuka V.; Okojie, Rachel; Ikpo, Precious E.

    2014-01-01

    Immunization is aimed at the prevention of infectious diseases. In Nigeria, the National Programme on Immunization (NPI) suffers recurrent setbacks due to many factors including ethnicity and religious beliefs. Nigeria is made up of 36 states with its federal capital in Abuja. The country is divided into six geo-political zones; north central, north west, north east, south east, south west and south south. The population is unevenly distributed across the country. The average population density in 2006 was estimated at 150 people per square kilometres with Lagos, Anambra, Imo, Abia, and Akwa Ibom being the most densely populated states. Most of the densely populated states are found in the south east. Kano with an average density of 442 persons per square kilometre, is the most densely populated state in the northern part of the country. This study presents a review on the current immunization programme and the many challenges affecting its success in the eradication of childhood diseases in Nigeria. PMID:25237283

  10. Current trends of immunization in Nigeria: prospect and challenges.

    PubMed

    Ophori, Endurance A; Tula, Musa Y; Azih, Azuka V; Okojie, Rachel; Ikpo, Precious E

    2014-06-01

    Immunization is aimed at the prevention of infectious diseases. In Nigeria, the National Programme on Immunization (NPI) suffers recurrent setbacks due to many factors including ethnicity and religious beliefs. Nigeria is made up of 36 states with its federal capital in Abuja. The country is divided into six geo-political zones; north central, north west, north east, south east, south west and south south. The population is unevenly distributed across the country. The average population density in 2006 was estimated at 150 people per square kilometres with Lagos, Anambra, Imo, Abia, and Akwa Ibom being the most densely populated states. Most of the densely populated states are found in the south east. Kano with an average density of 442 persons per square kilometre, is the most densely populated state in the northern part of the country. This study presents a review on the current immunization programme and the many challenges affecting its success in the eradication of childhood diseases in Nigeria. PMID:25237283

  11. Epidemiology of human furuncular myiasis of Cordylobia anthropophaga (Grunberg) in Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Ogbalu, Ogugua K; Achufusi, Ted George Ody; Orlu, Eme E

    2013-03-01

    Two hundred people were randomly selected for myiasis infection in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria, except in some states where we did not get the stipulated number (200) to sample. In each of the six states sampled within the Niger Delta in 2009, 88% of 200 patients examined in Rivers State had the Cordylobia infection followed by Cross Rivers State (>86%), Bayelsa (>84%) while Edo, Delta, and Akwa Ibom states showed higher than 82% infection in that order. Our findings showed that women, children, and infants are commonly affected by furuncular myiasis irrespective of skin color, age, blood group, race, sex, genotype, etc. Infection due to C. anthropophaga occurs throughout the year; the rate of infection is higher during the rainy season (when humidity is normally higher) than the dry seasons. Most cases of human myiasis are not reported but treated locally. The Niger Delta populace (especially the areas sampled) consists of people with diverse occupations; some are fishermen, traders, farmers, and refuse disposers. They move from one place to another predisposed to myiasis-causing agents due to the types of work they do. Two major categories of people based on skin color (i.e., white and black skinned) are recognized for this research. People with albinism are also part of the colored African group, however, according to the data, there does not seem to be any difference between them and others. Cordylobia infection is a neglected disease of the Niger Delta region. Therefore, there was the need to know the spread and factors that promote spreading as well as populations of the myiasis-causing agent in the Niger Delta. The data presented here provides good travel information to the Niger Delta region as well as other parts of Nigeria. Human furuncular myiasis affects neonates ranging from 3 to 11 days old, children, and adults in Nigeria. C. anthropophaga maggots penetrate all types of skin; people with albinism, white skin, and black skin. Some of the factors that affect the distribution include unhygienic situations, high humidity, poverty, and use of soiled clothes. Details of our findings are presented. PMID:22861528

  12. State Soils

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Developed by the US Department of Agriculture's Soil Survey Division (SSD), this website describes state soils and their significance. All states have chosen a state soil, which share the same level of distinction as state flowers or birds. Information includes a photo of each official soil, a description of major characteristics and formation, and a map showing the coverage of the soil within the state. There are also links to additional information about that soil series, including more specific characteristics, other locations, related soil types, and more.

  13. State Soils

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Developed by the US Department of Agriculture\\'s Soil Survey Division (SSD), this website describes state soils and their significance. All states have chosen a state soil, which share the same level of distinction as state flowers or birds. Information includes a photo of each official soil, a description of major characteristics and formation, and a map showing the coverage of the soil within the state. There are also links to additional information about that soil series, including more specific characteristics, other locations, related soil types, and more.

  14. Supersqueezed states from squeezed states

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nieto, Michael Martin

    1993-01-01

    Using super-Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff relations on the elements of the supergroup OSP(2/2), we derive the supersqueeze operator and the supersqueezed states, which are the supersymmetric generalization of the squeezed states of the harmonic oscillator.

  15. The state of state taxes

    SciTech Connect

    Semes, M.J. [PricewaterhouseCoopers, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Energy Industry Group] [PricewaterhouseCoopers, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Energy Industry Group

    1998-08-01

    Deregulation of the electric utility industry is putting into conflict states` desires to maintain their revenue streams and utilities` needs to reduce costs. Three of the most important taxation battlefronts will be the issues of nexus, the disparate tax treatment of regulated utilities, and the competition among states to lure new businesses.

  16. State Aid

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This report, published by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), will most likely be used by financial aid professionals and researchers. The report, offered in .pdf format, is a statistical analysis of the differences among students attending institutions in states that provide different levels of financial aid.

  17. State Driver Information Name: ____________________________________________

    E-print Network

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    State Driver Information Name: ____________________________________________ Address: ______________________________________ Driver's License #: ________________________/ State: ____ Your Department #: ______________________________ Vehicle #1: State Vehicle Information License Plate Number: _______________________________ Vehicle Number

  18. State of the States, 2012: Arts Education State Policy Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arts Education Partnership (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    The "State of the States 2012" summarizes state policies for arts education identified in statute or code for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information is based primarily on results from the AEP Arts Education State Policy Survey conducted in 2010-11, and updated in April 2012.

  19. State Correctional Education Programs. State Policy Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tolbert, Michelle

    Secure state correctional facilities currently house more than 1.8 million adults, and nearly 4.4 million adults fall under state-administered community corrections. A state's approach to corrections and the communication between the state correctional components can have a large impact on the state's correctional education program. Decentralized

  20. NAEP State-by-State: Cautious Conclusions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reading Today, 1999

    1999-01-01

    The state-by-state comparisons of results on the 1998 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) present the literacy community with some good news and a bit of a puzzle: scores have improved, but the results cannot provide answers as to why one grade or state is doing better or worse than in the past. State-by-state results show that

  1. Southeastern states

    SciTech Connect

    Cate, P.D.

    1981-10-01

    Total exploratory drilling in Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia increased by 9.1% from 1979. A total of 373 tests were drilled, compared to 342 in 1979, but new field discoveries decreased 31.8%, from 44 to 30. The new field success rate was 8.7% compared to 14.2% in 1979. Mississippi was the most active state, with 286 exploratory tests and 22 of the new field discoveries. Total drilling in the southeastern states, including both exploratory and development wells, was 827, compared to 780 in 1979, a 6.0% increase. The shallow Eocene Wilcox trend of southwestern Mississippi was the leading drilling area, with 45.0% of the exploratory tests and 10 of the new field discoveries. Drilling declined in the Jurassic and Paleozoic trends, where 16.9% and 16.1% of the tests were drilled, respectively. Exploration was up slightly in the Lower Cretaceous and Upper Cretaceous trends, with 13.1% and 6.7% of the drilling, respectively. Shallow Miocene drilling in southwestern Alabama accounted for the remaining 2.1%. A modest increase in exploratory drilling will occur in 1981, with most of the activity again in the shallow Wilcox trend. Acreage for leasing will be scarce, and top leasing may become more prevalent. Deep drilling rigs and certain size tubular goods will be difficult to obtain unless plans and commitments are made well in advance of drilling. As usual, most of the exploratory drilling will be conducted by independents and smaller companies, but the majors will be more active, especially in the ultra-deep areas. 2 figures, 3 tables.

  2. We are Penn State Penn State

    E-print Network

    Giles, C. Lee

    University Park Centre CountyState College 3 US News and World Report, Business Week, National Science College (SCE) State College United Airline, Northwestern, US Airway D elta UA NW State College 2

  3. The 50 States

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Thomas

    2008-11-19

    This unit we will be learning the 50 states and their capitals. How many states do we have in the United States? They all have capitals too?! Well, buckle your seat belts and lets go! Learning the 50 States and their capitals 50 States Songl State capitals song This is a blank map of the United ...

  4. Determination of stabilizer states

    E-print Network

    Xia Wu; Ying-hui Yang; Yu-kun Wang; Qiao-yan Wen; Su-juan Qin; Fei Gao

    2015-03-18

    The determination of many special types of quantum states has been studied thoroughly, such as the generalized |GHZ> states, |W> states equivalent under stochastic local operations and classical communication and Dicke states. In this paper, we are going to study another special entanglement states which is stabilizer states. The stabilizer states and their subset graph states play an important role in quantum error correcting codes, multipartite purification and so on. We show that all n- qubit stabilizer states are uniquely determined (among arbitrary states, pure or mixed) by their reduced density matrices for systems which are the supports of n independent generators of the corresponding stabilizer formalisms.

  5. Weak States, State Failure, and Terrorism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Newman

    2007-01-01

    It is common to hear the assertion that weak or failed states are fertile ground for terrorism. Yet terrorist groups have emerged from, and operated within, countries which have strong, stable states and a variety of systems of government. Terrorist organizations operate in weak and failed states but it is not necessarily the condition of weak or failed statehood which

  6. The State of State English Standards, 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stotsky, Sandra

    2005-01-01

    The importance of state academic standards soared in January 2002 with passage of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Not only does that milestone law require all states to have demanding academic standards in place and to demonstrate steady student progress toward academic proficiency as set forth in those standards, it also links states'

  7. Generalized squeezed states from generalized coherent states

    SciTech Connect

    Nieto, M.M.

    1993-11-01

    Both the coherent states and also the squeezed states of the harmonic oscillator have long been understood from the three classical points of view: the (1) displacement operator, (2) annihilation- (or ladder-) operator, and (3) minimum-uncertainty methods. For general systems, there is the same understanding except for ladder-operator and displacement-operator squeezed states. After reviewing the known concepts, the author proposes a method for obtaining generalized minimum-uncertainty squeezed states, gives examples, and relates it to known concepts. He comments on the remaining concept, that of general displacement-operator squeezed states.

  8. Stats of the States

    MedlinePLUS

    ... rates for fatal drug poisonings. Death Rates from Firearm Injuries: United States, 2013 - The latest state-based age-adjusted death rates for firearm-related fatalities. Death Rates from Homicide: United States, ...

  9. State Highway Safety Laws

    MedlinePLUS

    State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

  10. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact 5-Year Rate Changes > Error Message - Invalid URL State Cancer

  11. Are Quantum States Subjective?

    E-print Network

    R. K. Pradhan

    2012-02-22

    The subjective nature of the quantum states is brought out and it is argued that the objective state assignment is subsequent to the subjective state of the observer regarding his state of knowledge about the system. The collapse postulate is examined in detail to bring out the inherent subjectivity of the quantum state. The role of doubt and faith in quantum state assignment is examined.

  12. United States Unit

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mrs. Weaver

    2009-11-09

    Fifth grade social studies. Students are assigned to a specific state in the United states, they are to discover specific details of the state and share with the class. You are forced to move out of your state and must find a new place to live in the United States. You are to research one state and create a power point or brochure to give away to a classmate to help them make their decision on where they want ...

  13. 7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Referendum Definitions 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

  14. 7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Referendum Definitions 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

  15. 7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Referendum Definitions 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

  16. 7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Referendum Definitions 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

  17. 7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Referendum Definitions 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico....

  18. Optimal State Assignment for Finite State Machines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giovanni De Micheli; Robert K. Brayton; Alberto L. Sangiovanni-vincentelli

    1985-01-01

    Computer-Aided synthesis of sequential functions of VLSI systems, such as microprocessor control units, must include design optimization procedures to yield area-effective circuits. We model sequential functions as deterministic synchronous Finite State Machines (FSM's), and we consider a regular and structured implementation by means of Programmable Logic Arrays (PLA's) and feedback registers. State assignment, i.e., binary encoding of the internal states

  19. Distinguishability of Bell States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy; Aditi Sende; Ujjwal Sen

    2001-01-01

    More than two multipartite orthogonal states cannot always be discriminated if only local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are allowed. We show that four Bell states cannot be discriminated by LOCC, even probabilistically, using the separability properties of a four-party unlockable bound entangled state. Using an existing inequality among the measures of entanglement, we show that any three Bell states

  20. The State of State Science Standards, 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, Paul R.

    2005-01-01

    Until now, the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) has focused everyone's attention on reading and math--and on whether schools are making "adequate yearly progress" in those two core subjects. Although some states incorporate additional subjects into their own accountability systems, reading and math have dominated most discussions of state

  1. `Classical' quantum states

    E-print Network

    Marek Ku?; Ingemar Bengtsson

    2009-05-07

    We show that several classes of mixed quantum states in finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces which can be characterized as being, in some respect, 'most classical' can be described and analyzed in a unified way. Among the states we consider are separable states of distinguishable particles, uncorrelated states of indistinguishable fermions and bosons, as well as mixed spin states decomposable into probabilistic mixtures of pure coherent states. The latter were the subject of the recent paper by Giraud et. al., who showed that in the lowest-dimensional, nontrivial case of spin 1, each such state can be decomposed into a mixture of eight pure states. Using our method we prove that in fact four pure states always suffice.

  2. Parts of quantum states

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, Nick S.; Linden, Noah [Department of Mathematics, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW (United Kingdom)

    2005-01-01

    It is shown that generic N-party pure quantum states (with equidimensional subsystems) are uniquely determined by their reduced states of just over half the parties; in other words, all the information in almost all N-party pure states is in the set of reduced states of just over half the parties. For N even, the reduced states in fewer than N/2 parties are shown to be an insufficient description of almost all states (similar results hold when N is odd). It is noted that real algebraic geometry is a natural framework for any analysis of parts of quantum states: two simple polynomials, a quadratic and a cubic, contain all of their structure. Algorithmic techniques are described which can provide conditions for sets of reduced states to belong to pure or mixed states.

  3. State Analysis Database Tool

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rasmussen, Robert; Bennett, Matthew

    2006-01-01

    The State Analysis Database Tool software establishes a productive environment for collaboration among software and system engineers engaged in the development of complex interacting systems. The tool embodies State Analysis, a model-based system engineering methodology founded on a state-based control architecture (see figure). A state represents a momentary condition of an evolving system, and a model may describe how a state evolves and is affected by other states. The State Analysis methodology is a process for capturing system and software requirements in the form of explicit models and states, and defining goal-based operational plans consistent with the models. Requirements, models, and operational concerns have traditionally been documented in a variety of system engineering artifacts that address different aspects of a mission s lifecycle. In State Analysis, requirements, models, and operations information are State Analysis artifacts that are consistent and stored in a State Analysis Database. The tool includes a back-end database, a multi-platform front-end client, and Web-based administrative functions. The tool is structured to prompt an engineer to follow the State Analysis methodology, to encourage state discovery and model description, and to make software requirements and operations plans consistent with model descriptions.

  4. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Interactive Maps Interactive Maps Data Options Area: US

  5. State Cancer Profiles > > Table

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Incidence > Table Incidence Rates Table Data Options Area:

  6. State Cancer Profiles > > Table

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Demographics > Table Demographics Table Data Options Area:

  7. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Historical Trends Historical Trends Data Options Area: ---

  8. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact 5-Year Rate Changes 5-Year Rate Changes Data Options Area:

  9. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Mortality Tables Death Rates Table Data Options Area: US

  10. Fixing Failed States

    E-print Network

    Yoo, John

    2010-01-01

    a nation-state could also be turned to support terrorism andterrorism, and trade, among others, are likely to view the nation-state andstates, with the right regimes, may be a particularly effective tool at stopping terrorism

  11. Environmental State University

    E-print Network

    State University is the only land-grant, Hispanic serving university in the contiguous United States the nation's top 30 universities for Hispanic and Native American students by Diverse: Is- sues in Higher

  12. The State's Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calhoun, John W.

    1972-01-01

    Author is Assistant Attorney General in Wisconsin and represented the state in the Wisconsin vs. Yoder case. Cites other cases and decisions handed down by the United States Supreme Court in relation to compulsory education. (RB)

  13. States of the US

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    bhanks

    2006-11-08

    For this project, find three sources of information in the Media Center on the state you chose. Your sources can include books, encyclopedias, or atlases. We will also explore multi-media resources to add to your reports on the states. These sites include pictures, videos, books and movies containing information on Native Americans and Explorers, Statehood, Places to visit, Famous People from your state, and games with a connection to the state. Now that you have researched your state using the books in the library, look at some web sites and add some additional knowledge and fun to your project. Look for information on Native Americans and explorers connected with your state. 50 states + songs Yahooligans 50 states + site links Also check out places to visit and famous people in ...

  14. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content State Cancer Profiles Dynamic views of cancer statistics for prioritizing cancer control efforts in the nation, states, and counties Home About Help & Resources Contact Data Topics: Screening & Risk Factors Data Topics: Screening

  15. Stabilizer state breeding

    E-print Network

    Erik Hostens; Jeroen Dehaene; Bart De Moor

    2006-08-18

    We present a breeding protocol that distills pure copies of any stabilizer state from noisy copies and a pool of predistilled pure copies of the same state, by means of local Clifford operations, Pauli measurements and classical communication.

  16. Stabilizer state breeding

    SciTech Connect

    Hostens, Erik; Dehaene, Jeroen; Moor, Bart de [ESAT-SCD, K.U. Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

    2006-12-15

    We present a breeding protocol that distills pure copies of any stabilizer state from noisy copies and a pool of predistilled pure copies of the same state, by means of local Clifford operations, Pauli measurements, and classical communication.

  17. The Welfare State vs. the Redistributive State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plattner, Marc F.

    1979-01-01

    While the principles of progressive taxation and the welfare state have come to be almost universally accepted, it would be a serious error to infer that American policy has ever embraced the idea of income redistribution. (Author)

  18. Gallup Interactives: State of the States

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Gallup

    This tool allows the user to view indicators in a map format by state and year. The indicators that are displayed on the map are taken from Gallup Polls including Wellbeing, Economy, Politics, and Religion. Data can be exported.

  19. State Licensing and Regulation Information

    MedlinePLUS

    ... State Licensing and Regulation Information State Licensing and Regulation Information States are contacted at least twice per ... on state below to view state information. Alabama Regulations Read More Alaska Regulations Read More Arizona Regulations ...

  20. [Altered states of consciousness].

    PubMed

    Gora, E P

    2005-01-01

    The review of modern ideas concerning the altered states of consciousness is presented in this article. Various methods of entry into the altered states of consciousness are looked over. It is shown that the altered states of consciousness are insufficiently known, but important aspects of human being existence. The role of investigation of the altered states of consciousness for the creation of integrative scientific conception base is discussed. PMID:15810684

  1. New State Standards

    E-print Network

    Lopez, F. A.

    2011-01-01

    Chapter 447.004-TX Gov. Code ? State that SECO shall establish and publish mandatory energy and water conservation design standards for each new state building or major renovation project ? SECO shall define ?major renovation project? and shall... shall use the energy and water conservation design standards that SECO has adopted under this chapter, when constructing new state buildings or conducting major renovations of existing state buildings. 4 CATEE-Dallas 11-09-2011 Texas Administrative...

  2. Religious Education in United States State Schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gabriel Moran

    \\u000a Using the experience of the United States and its experiment of banning religion in public schools, this essay explores the\\u000a impact of such separation on interreligious dialogue. The ramifications of such a split are highlighted and critiqued. The\\u000a author proposed that the United States, given its religious diversity and its commitment to schools, should be a leading participant\\u000a in discussion

  3. Predictive Representations of State

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael L. Littman; Richard S. Sutton; Satinder P. Singh

    2001-01-01

    We show that states of a dynamical system can be usefully repre- sented by multi-step, action-conditional predictions of future ob- servations. State representations that are grounded in data in this way may be easier to learn, generalize better, and be less depen- dent on accurate prior models than, for example, POMDP state representations. Building on prior work by Jaeger and

  4. [California State Archives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rea, Jay W.

    The first paper on the California State Archives treats the administrative status, legal basis of the archives program, and organization of the archives program. The problem areas in this States' archival program are discussed at length. The second paper gives a crude sketch of the legal and administrative history of the California State Archives,

  5. Changing State Digital Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pappas, Marjorie L.

    2006-01-01

    Research has shown that state virtual or digital libraries are evolving into websites that are loaded with free resources, subscription databases, and instructional tools. In this article, the author explores these evolving libraries based on the following questions: (1) How user-friendly are the state digital libraries?; (2) How do state digital

  6. Quantumness of Product States

    E-print Network

    Jing-Ling Chen; Hong-Yi Su; Chunfeng Wu; C. H. Oh

    2012-04-10

    Product states do not violate Bell inequalities. In this work, we investigate the quantumness of product states by violating a certain classical algebraic models. Thus even for product states, statistical predictions of quantum mechanics and classical theories do not agree. An experiment protocol is proposed to reveal the quantumness.

  7. Reports from the States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Media and Technology Yearbook (EMTY), 1991

    1991-01-01

    Presents excerpts from selected state-of-the-art reports on initiatives for educational technology that were received from individual states in response to a request from the yearbook editors. The 16 states represented are California, Connecticut, Florida, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, North

  8. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-print Network

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

  9. CVLC: United States Geography

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Cade

    2008-09-04

    What are the major rivers, mountain ranges, and plains of the United States? Follow the directions in each section carefully to fill in and label a blank map of the United States. You will use only one map. Or in other words complete each section on the same map. 1. Mountain Ranges of the United States With ...

  10. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    A natural reaction of some readers when looking at charts that rank their state's cancer rates is to seek explanations as to why their state has higher incidence rates for some cancers than other states or than the national average. Some may be alarmed that exposure to environmental carcinogens may be responsible when in fact there are several other more likely explanations.

  11. States of Matter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Laterrade

    2010-03-25

    What are the states of matter and how are they alike or different? We will be learning about the different states of matter , solids, liquids, and gases . As you read and watch the videos, make sure to fill out your Venn diagram worksheet. To introduce you to the states of matter, watch the Solid Liquid Gas Video. Next, ...

  12. Managing the hollow state

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Guy Peters

    1994-01-01

    Beginning in the mid-1970s and continuing through the 1980s and into the early 1990s governments in the industrialized democracies have brought about tremendous changes in their own State structures and in the relationship between the State and society. In the United States we refer to the Reagan revolution, but the changes have been no less profound in other countries, including

  13. United States Nuclear Regulatory

    E-print Network

    United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission United States Department of Energy United States, Energy, in the Code of Federal Regulations may also be purchased from one of these two sources. 1.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Washington, DC 20555-0001 E-mail: DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov Facsimile: 301

  14. Introduction to State Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.

    Designed to provide an overview of programs offered by state humanities councils, this publication is divided into seven sections. An introduction defines the humanities and outlines the Division of State Programs within the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). A section entitled "The State Humanities Councils" presents the history,

  15. Black brane steady states

    E-print Network

    Irene Amado; Amos Yarom

    2015-01-07

    We follow the evolution of an asymptotically AdS black brane with a fixed temperature gradient at spatial infinity until a steady state is formed. The resulting energy density and energy flux of the steady state in the boundary theory are compared to a conjecture on the behavior of steady states in conformal field theories. Very good agreement is found.

  16. One State, Two State, Red State, Blue State: Education Funding Accounts for Outcome Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meece, Darrell

    2008-01-01

    Using publically available data, states coded as "blue" based upon results from the 2004 presidential election were significantly higher in education funding than were states coded as "red." Students in blue states scored significantly higher on outcome measures of math and reading in grades four and eight in 2004 and 2007 than did students in red

  17. Charmonium Exotic States

    E-print Network

    Raphael M. Albuquerque

    2013-06-19

    In this thesis, the QCD sum rules approach has been used to study the nature of the following charmonium resonances: Y(3930), Y(4140), X(4350), Y(4260), Y(4360) and Y(4660). There is a strong evidence that these states have non-conventional (or exotic) hadronic structures since their respective masses and decay channels observed experimentally are inconsistent with expected for a conventional charmonium state. The same phenomenon occurs on the bottomonium sector, where new states like Yb(10890) and Yb(11020) observed recently could indicate the existence of new bottomonium exotic states. In this way, one verifies that the Y(4140) state could be described as a D*sD*s (0++) molecular state or even as a mixture of D*sD*s (0++) and D*D* (0++) molecular states. For the Y(3930) and X(4350) states, both cannot be described as a D*D* (0++) and D*sD*s0 (1-+), respectively. From the sum rule point of view, the Y(4660) state could be described as a \\psi' f0(980) molecular state. The extension to the bottomonium sector is done in a straightforward way to demonstrate that the \\Upsilon' f0(980) molecular state is a good candidate for describing the structure of the Yb(10890) state. In the following, one estimates the mass of the exotic Bc-like molecular states using the sum rule approach, where these new exotic states would correspond to bound states of D(*) and B(*) mesons. All of these mass predictions could (or not) be checked in a near future experiments at LHC. A large study using the Double Ratio of Sum Rules approach has been evaluated for studying the heavy baryon masses in QCD. The obtained results for the unobserved heavy baryons, with one (Qqq) and two (QQq) heavy quarks will be an excellent test for the capability of the sum rule approach in predicting their masses.

  18. State Data Map

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    NCTM

    2000-01-01

    Information can be represented in many ways; this applet allows the user to represent data about the states using color. The state with the highest data value is darkest; other states are shaded proportionally. Several sets of data are already entered and available for examination: state population, land area, representatives in Congress, gasoline usage, and more. Users can eliminate the data from any state in order to note the consequences, or enter their own data. A box plot and table accompany each map representation, showing the data in different but corresponding formats.

  19. State Resource Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The State Resource Center is one of the categories of LexisOne's free Legal Internet guide, a collection of 20,000 links organized into 32 categories, up from 24 categories in July, 2000 (last mentioned in the July 14, 2000 Scout Report). For each of the fifty states, the State Resource Center provides extensive lists of links to statewide offices, the state's legal branches, its counties, its rules of court, important legal forms, and more. The site remedies the maze of many state government Web sites, making it easier to find legal materials. For legal researchers, attorneys, and law librarians looking for state information, the site is a perfect place to start. The site will also be useful for other users who want to find information on state legal systems.

  20. Maximally coherent states

    E-print Network

    Zhaofang Bai; Shuanping Du

    2015-03-24

    Relative entropy measure quantifying coherence, a key property of quantum system, is proposed recently. In this note, we investigate the maximally coherent state (MCS) with respect to relative entropy measure. %(denoted by $\\mathcal C_{RE}$)%. We show that there are not mixed maximally coherent states and give a complete characterization of pure maximally coherent states. Based on this characterization, for a bipartite MCS with $d_A=d_B$, we obtain that the super-additivity equality of relative entropy measure holds if and only if the state is a product state of its reduced states. From the viewpoint of resource in quantum information, we find there exists a MCS with maximal entanglement. Originated from the behaviour of quantum correlation under the influence of noisy operations, we further classify the incoherent operations which send maximally coherent states to themselves.

  1. Fourth Generation Bound States

    E-print Network

    Koji Ishiwata; Mark B. Wise

    2011-05-25

    We investigate the spectrum and wave functions of {\\bar q}'q' bound states for heavy fourth generation quarks (q') that have a very small mixing with the three observed generations of standard model quarks. Such bound states come with different color, spin and flavor quantum numbers. Since the fourth generation Yukawa coupling, \\lambda_{q'}, is large we include all perturbative corrections to the potential between the heavy quark and antiquark of order \\lambda_{q'}^2N_c/16\\pi^2 where N_c is the number of colors, as well as relativistic corrections suppressed by (v/c)^2. We find that the lightest fourth generation quark masses for which a bound state exists for color octet states. For the the color singlet states, which always have a bound state, we analyze the influence that the Higgs couplings have on the size and binding energy of the bound states.

  2. Fault Tolerant State Machines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burke, Gary R.; Taft, Stephanie

    2004-01-01

    State machines are commonly used to control sequential logic in FPGAs and ASKS. An errant state machine can cause considerable damage to the device it is controlling. For example in space applications, the FPGA might be controlling Pyros, which when fired at the wrong time will cause a mission failure. Even a well designed state machine can be subject to random errors us a result of SEUs from the radiation environment in space. There are various ways to encode the states of a state machine, and the type of encoding makes a large difference in the susceptibility of the state machine to radiation. In this paper we compare 4 methods of state machine encoding and find which method gives the best fault tolerance, as well as determining the resources needed for each method.

  3. Maryland State Archives

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    "The Maryland State Archives, through a grant from the Information Technology Fund of the state of Maryland, is working to provide on-line access to over one million historical documents that form the constitutional, legal, legislative, and administrative basis of Maryland government." Included here are documents from the following sources: legislative records, state council, judicial records, executive records, council of safety, land records, laws, codes, compilations, military records, constitutional conventions, public officials, and early state records. Recent editions to the electronic archive include the Proceedings and Acts of the 1796 General Assembly and Proceedings and Debates of the 1850, 1864, and 1967 State Constitutional Conventions. The archives are searchable as a whole or by selected section with a number of different parameter options available. Scholars doing research into the state of Maryland or the history of the early American Republic's governance will want to avail themselves of this site.

  4. State Energy Data System

    EIA Publications

    2013-01-01

    The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) source for comprehensive state energy statistics. Included are estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Production and consumption estimates begin with the year 1960 while price and expenditure estimates begin with 1970. The multidimensional completeness of SEDS allows users to make comparisons across states, energy sources, sectors, and over time.

  5. New squeezed landau states

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Aragone, C.

    1993-01-01

    We introduce a new set of squeezed states through the coupled two-mode squeezed operator. It is shown that their behavior is simpler than the correlated coherent states introduced by Dodonov, Kurmyshev, and Man'ko in order to quantum mechanically describe the Landau system, i.e., a planar charged particle in a uniform magnetic field. We compare results for both sets of squeezed states.

  6. New York State Assembly

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    New York (State). Legislature. Assembly.

    1997-01-01

    The New York State Assembly maintains a vt-100 telnet-based Legislative Information System on the Internet. You can read the full text of a bill, check its status in the legislative process, and even browse the sponsor's Memorandum in Support. You can also review Assembly committee and floor calendars, find out when and where public hearings are being held, and explore the state constitution and laws of New York State.

  7. StateMaster.com

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website, created by StateMaster.com, is a statistical database, which allows you to research and compare different data on US states. Information is compiled from various primary sources, such as the US Census Bureau, the FBI, and the National Center for Educational Statistics. The site also provides pie charts, maps, graphs and scatter plots. There are also map and flag images, state profiles, and correlations.

  8. State Standards and Evolution

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Randy Moore

    2004-07-01

    Most states' science-education standards support the teaching of evolution, but many in the general public and some policymakers want science classrooms to include creationism. As a result of this influence, are educators teaching creationism even though state standards support the teaching of evolution? To answer this question, the author examined evolution education in Minnesota to determine if teachers emphasize evolution in their biology classes as mandated by Minnesota's state educational standards.

  9. The State of State Science Standards, 2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lerner, Lawrence S.; Goodenough, Ursula; Lynch, John; Schwartz, Martha; Schwartz, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This report examines K-12 science standards for fifty states and the District of Columbia, as well as the science assessment framework of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The reviewers' aim is to evaluate them for their intrinsic clarity, completeness, and scientific correctness. Their earlier evaluations, as well as those

  10. State Energy Overview 1982

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-08-01

    Data are presented for the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Included are the quantities of energy produced and consumed, estimates of fuel reserves, the value of nonrenewable fuels produced by type, energy expenditures, and consumer prices. Also provided for each state are selected demographic and energy-related data that have been ranked and expressed as a percent of the national total. This overview provides a ready reference and a quick access to selected state energy information and state rankings for various socioeconomic and energy items. Methodology is detailed; a glossary is provided.

  11. Remote State Preparation

    SciTech Connect

    Bennett, Charles H.; DiVincenzo, David P.; Shor, Peter W.; Smolin, John A.; Terhal, Barbara M.; Wootters, William K.

    2001-08-13

    Quantum teleportation uses prior entanglement and forward classical communication to transmit one instance of an unknown quantum state. Remote state preparation (RSP) has the same goal, but the sender knows classically what state is to be transmitted. We show that the asymptotic classical communication cost of RSP is one bit per qubit -- half that of teleportation -- and even less when transmitting part of a known entangled state. We explore the tradeoff between entanglement and classical communication required for RSP, and discuss RSP capacities of general quantum channels.

  12. Sleep State Switching

    PubMed Central

    Saper, Clifford B.; Fuller, Patrick M.; Pedersen, Nigel P.; Lu, Jun; Scammell, Thomas E.

    2010-01-01

    We take for granted the ability to fall asleep or to snap out of sleep into wakefulness, but these changes in behavioral state require specific switching mechanisms in the brain that allow well-defined state transitions. In this review, we examine the basic circuitry underlying the regulation of sleep and wakefulness, and discuss a theoretical framework wherein the interactions between reciprocal neuronal circuits enable relatively rapid and complete state transitions. We also review how homeostatic, circadian, and allostatic drives help regulate sleep state switching, and discuss how breakdown of the switching mechanism may contribute to sleep disorders such as narcolepsy. PMID:21172606

  13. Small Business State Profiles

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Office of Advocacy of the US Small Business Administration (discussed in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics) profiles small businesses in all states for 1995-1997 and small businesses in the entire US for 1997 at this site. The profiles are snapshot views that include such topics as the number of businesses, income, minority businesses, turnover, finance, job growth, and industries. As such, they can help users quickly and easily gauge the state of small business in a state, a region, or the United States as a whole.

  14. Assisted Living State Regulatory Review

    MedlinePLUS

    ... State Regulatory Review Webinars Assisted Living State Regulatory Review Page Content NCAL will not be publishing its ... on the NCAL website. Assisted Living State Regulatory Reviews 2013 Assisted Living State Regulatory Review 2012 Assisted ...

  15. Non-Gaussian Entangled States

    E-print Network

    Ryo Namiki

    2009-06-09

    We provide a family of Non-Gaussian pure entangled states in a bipartite system as the eigen states of a quadratic Hamiltonian composed of the Einstein-Podolsky-and-Rosen-like operators. The ground state of the Hamiltonian corresponds to the two-mode-squeezed vacuum state, and belongs to the Gaussian states. In contrast, all of the excited states are Non-Gaussian states. A separable inequality maximally violated by the eigen states is derived.

  16. Solid state DTV transmitters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Davis; J. Hawkins

    1997-01-01

    The developments in RF power transistor technology makes solid state transmitters economically attractive for UHF DTV terrestrial transmissions. These transmitters will probably use silicon bipolar, MOS or silicon carbide static induction transistors (SIT) in the RF power amplifiers. This paper examines these RF transistor technologies. In addition, this paper provides an overview of a typical DTV solid state transmitter. The

  17. State and local governments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barnes, Dennis

    1990-01-01

    The Virginia Space Grant Consortium approach to a close working relation to state and local governments is presented as a model for consideration. State government relations are especially important in that this is a primary resource in securing matching funds. Avenues for establishing these relationships are listed and discussed.

  18. Healthcare. State Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

    2012-01-01

    This report projects education requirements linked to forecasted job growth in healthcare by state and the District of Columbia from 2010 through 2020. It complements a larger national report which projects educational demand for healthcare for the same time period. The national report shows that with or without Obamacare, the United States will

  19. Qubit state discrimination

    SciTech Connect

    Deconinck, Matthieu E. [Telecom ParisTech, 37/39 rue Dareau, F-75014 Paris (France); Terhal, Barbara M. [IBM Watson Research Center, Post Office Box 218, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (United States)

    2010-06-15

    We show how one can solve the problem of discriminating between qubit states. We use the quantum state discrimination duality theorem and the Bloch sphere representation of qubits, which allows for an easy geometric and analytical representation of the optimal guessing strategies.

  20. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    (Populus tremuloides) in the Western United States and a New Tool for Surveying Aspen Decline Toni Lyn of the potential effects of climate change on quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) in the Western United States of the effects of climate on the distribution and growth of quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx

  1. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Paper White Pine B ister Rust at Mountain Home Demonstration State Forest: A Case Study of the Epidemic. 1990.White pine blister rust at Mountain Home Demonstration State Forest: a case study of the epidemic not yet stabilized and that the most likely prognosis is a pandemic on white pines in this region within

  2. The state of offshore

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, B.F.

    1991-01-01

    In this book, the author explains the factors behind state involvement in offshore petroleum activities. From his analysis of government workings in Great Britain and Norway, he concludes that state intervention is determined by complex interactions among government officials, economic interests, and environmental pressures.

  3. TRUMAN STATE Spring 2015

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    Student Visa Regulations #12;IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS STAYING LEGAL IN THE UNITED STATES #12;USCIS: UWELCOME TO TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Spring 2015 International Student Pre- Orientation Information.S. Citizen and Immigration Services (formerly called Immigration or the INS) is the U.S. Government entity

  4. United States of Agriculture

    E-print Network

    Technical Report RMRS-GTR-30WWW October 1999 Ecology and Conservation of Lynx in the United States Leonard F.; Koehler, Gary M.; Krebs, Charles J.; McKelvey, Kevin S.; Squires, John R. Ecology and conservation of lynx regarding the fate of the lynx in the United States. Chapters look at the relationships among lynx, its

  5. State Cancer Profiles > > Table

    Cancer.gov

    This web site provides estimates and projections of cancer prevalence for all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia (D.C.), based on a statistical method that uses state-specific mortality data and cancer survival. The prevalence statistics presented are prevalence counts, prevalence percents and age-adjusted prevalence percents.

  6. Reinforcement Learning State Estimator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jun Morimoto; Kenji Doya

    2007-01-01

    In this study, we propose a novel use of reinforcement learning for estimating hidden variables and parameters of nonlinear dynamical systems. A critical issue in hidden-state estimation is that we cannot directly observe estimation errors. However, by defining errors of observable variables as a delayed penalty, we can apply a reinforcement learning frame-work to state estimation problems. Specifically, we derive

  7. State alternative route designations

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-07-01

    Pursuant to the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA), the Department of Transportation (DOT) has promulgated a comprehensive set of regulations regarding the highway transportation of high-level radioactive materials. These regulations, under HM-164 and HM-164A, establish interstate highways as the preferred routes for the transportation of radioactive materials within and through the states. The regulations also provide a methodology by which a state may select alternative routes. First,the state must establish a state routing agency,'' defined as an entity authorized to use the state legal process to impose routing requirements on carriers of radioactive material (49 CFR 171.8). Once identified, the state routing agency must select routes in accordance with Large Quantity Shipments of Radioactive Materials or an equivalent routing analysis. Adjoining states and localities should be consulted on the impact of proposed alternative routes as a prerequisite of final route selection. Lastly, the states must provide written notice of DOT of any alternative route designation before the routes are deemed effective.

  8. State alternative route designations

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-07-01

    Pursuant to the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA), the Department of Transportation (DOT) has promulgated a comprehensive set of regulations regarding the highway transportation of high-level radioactive materials. These regulations, under HM-164 and HM-164A, establish interstate highways as the preferred routes for the transportation of radioactive materials within and through the states. The regulations also provide a methodology by which a state may select alternative routes. First,the state must establish a ``state routing agency,`` defined as an entity authorized to use the state legal process to impose routing requirements on carriers of radioactive material (49 CFR 171.8). Once identified, the state routing agency must select routes in accordance with Large Quantity Shipments of Radioactive Materials or an equivalent routing analysis. Adjoining states and localities should be consulted on the impact of proposed alternative routes as a prerequisite of final route selection. Lastly, the states must provide written notice of DOT of any alternative route designation before the routes are deemed effective.

  9. States of Matter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    AMPS GK-12 Program,

    Students act as chemical engineers and use LEGO MINDSTORMS NXT robotics to record temperatures and learn about the three states of matter. Properties of matter can be measured in various ways, including volume, mass, density and temperature. Students measure the temperature of water in its solid state (ice) as it is melted and then evaporated.

  10. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Texas A&M University Bob Lee Bowling Green State University Bruce Lord Penn State University Thomas Thomas Wickham California University of Pennsylvania Greg Wright U.S. Forest Service Green Mountain National Forest Maureen Wakefield SUNY College of Environmental Science & Forestry (conference logistics

  11. The State Regulatory Picture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albright, Brenda N.

    1998-01-01

    A national survey of 31 college business officers at state and land-grant colleges and universities finds that, although several states have given greater management flexibility to colleges and universities, many campuses operate in a highly regulated mode, with layers of external, and frequently internal, rules. Most difficult business officers

  12. Solid-state nanopores

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cees Dekker

    2007-01-01

    The passage of individual molecules through nanosized pores in membranes is central to many processes in biology. Previously, experiments have been restricted to naturally occurring nanopores, but advances in technology now allow artificial solid-state nanopores to be fabricated in insulating membranes. By monitoring ion currents and forces as molecules pass through a solid-state nanopore, it is possible to investigate a

  13. Centennial State Libraries, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parent, Kathleen D., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This document consists of 12 consecutive issues of the monthly "Centennial State Libraries" newsletter, of the Colorado Department of Education, State Library and Adult Education Office. The issues cover the year 1998. Each issue of the newsletter--except the August issue which is an Annual Report--includes some or all of the following sections:

  14. Parallel processing state alignment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vollaro

    1989-01-01

    This patent describes circuitry in a multiple processor system for aligning the processing states of autonomous processors interconnected by a common communication channel, the circuitry comprising means for generating successive reference signals, means, responsive to the processors, for storing quantities indicative of the next processing states as scheduled by each of the associated processors, and means, coupled to the generating

  15. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    (Birdsey and Heath 1995) and forest products (Heath and others 1996; Skog and Nicholson 1998), has beenUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station Research Paper NE-722 James E. Smith Linda S. Heath A Model of Forest Floor Carbon Mass for United States Forest

  16. State Cancer Profiles Tutorials

    Cancer.gov

    Written tutorials are available to assist you in learning how to use the various tables and graphs available on the State Cancer Profiles site. The tutorial data is displayed in a separate window and sized to allow you to place it next to the State Cancer Profiles page so you can view the tutorial while working.

  17. Hadronic Spectrum - Multiquark States

    E-print Network

    Stephen L. Olsen

    2009-01-16

    Many newly discovered mesons behave like $\\ccbar$ charmonium states in that they preferentially decay into final states that contain a $c$- and a $\\bar{c}$-quark, but do not fit expectations for any of the unfilled levels of the conventional $\\ccbar$ spectrum. There is a growing suspicion that at least some of these states are {\\it exotic}, {\\it i.e.} have a substructure that is more complex than the quark-antiquark mesons of the classical constituent quark model. Some of these candidate states have a non-zero electric charge and, thus, a minimal quark content of $\\ccbar u\\bar{d}$ or $\\ccbar d\\bar{u}$. In addition, states with similar properties have been observed in the $b$- and $s$-quark sectors. In this report, the experimental situation is briefly reviewed.

  18. State Health Facts Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Provided by the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, State Health Facts discloses important health and health policy information for all fifty states and US territories. Data are divided into ten categories -- demographics and the economy, health status, health coverage and uninsured, medicaid and CHIP, medicare, health costs and budgets, managed care and health insurance, providers and service use, women's health, minority health, and HIV/ AIDS -- and are displayed as tables, rankings, graphs, or color-coded maps. Users may access individual state profiles and then compare them to other states, or the US as a whole. Also available is a complete list of all the categories, subcategories, and topics that are available on the State Health Facts Online site; links to over 40 Kaiser Family Foundation reports and related resources; a glossary; methodology; and contact information.

  19. State of Maryland State Employee and

    E-print Network

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    for more information. How the Plans Work BRAnd nAME VERSuS GEnERic dRuGS The State prescription plan only covers up to the cost of a generic drug, when a generic is available. If you purchase a brand name drug the difference in price between the brand name and the generic, plus the applicable copay. The plan does not pass

  20. The Triplet State

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zahlan, A. B.

    2010-01-01

    Preface; List of participants; Part I. Spin-orbit Coupling and Intersystem Crossing: 1. Spin-orbit interactions in organic molecules; 2. Singlet-triplet transitions in organic molecules; 3. Triplet decay and intersystem crossing in aromatic hydrocarbons; 4. Statistical aspects of resonance energy transfer; Discussion; Part II. Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic Interactions: 5. Magnetic resonance spectra of organic molecules in triplet states in single crystals; 6. Magnetic interactions related to phosphorescence; 7. ESR investigations of naphthalene-d8:Naphthalene-h8 mixed crystals; 8. Biradicals and polyradicals in the nitroxide series; 9. Changes induced in the phosphorescent radiation of aromatic molecules by paramagnetic resonance in their metastable triplet states; 10. Paramagnetic resonance of the triplet state of tetramethylpyrazine; 11. On magnetic dipole contributions to the intrinsic S0 = T1 transition in simple aromatics; Discussion; Part III. Photochemistry: 12. The kinetics of energy transfer from the triplet state in rigid solutions; 13. Triplet states in gas-phase photochemistry; 14. Biphotonic photochemistry, involving the triplet state: polarisation of the effective T-T transition and solvent effects; 15. Direct and sensitised photo-oxidation of aromatic hydrocarbons in boric acid glass; Discussion; Part IV. Radiationless Transitions: 16. Radiationless transitions in gaseous benzene; 17. Low-lying excited triplet states and intersystem crossing in aromatic hydrocarbons; 18. De-excitation rates of triplet states in condensed media; 19. Lifetimes of the triplet state of aromatic hydrocarbons in the vapour phase; Discussion; Part V. Triplet Excitons: 20. Some comments on the properties of triplet excitons in molecular crystals; 21. Exact treatment of coherent and incoherent triplet exciton migration; 22. Magnetic susceptibility of a system of triplet excitons: Wrster's Blue Perchlorate; 23. A study of triplet excitons in anthracene crystals under laser excitation; 24. The electronic states in crystaline anthracene; Discussion; Part VI. Delayed Fluorescent and Phosphorescence: 25. Delayed fluorescence of solutions; 26. The kinetics of the excited states of anthracene and phenanthrene vapor; 27. Optical investigations of the triplet states of naphthalene in different crystalline environments; 28. Excitation of the triplet states of organic molecules; 29. The delayed luminescence and triplet quantum yields of pyrene solutions; 30. Triplet state studies of some polyphenyls in rigid glasses; 31. Decay time of delayed fluorescence of anthracene as a function of temperature (2-30K); 32. Energy transfer between benzene and biacetyl and the lifetime of triplet benzene in the gas phase; 33. Charge transfer triplet state of molecular complexes. 34. Flash-photolytic detection of triplet acridine formed by energy transfer from biacetyl; 35. Extinction coefficients of triplet-triplet transitions between 3000 and 8800 A in anthracene; 36. Anthracene triplet-triplet annihilation rate constant; Discussion; Part VII. Triplet State Related to Biology: 37. ESR and optical studies of some triplet states of biological interest; 38. The triplet state of DNA; 39. Some characteristics of the triplet states of the nucleic bases; Discussion; Indexes.

  1. State Cad Tutorial Jim Duckworth Using StateCAD to generate VHDL from State Diagrams

    E-print Network

    Huang, Xinming

    State Cad Tutorial Jim Duckworth Using StateCAD to generate VHDL from State Diagrams Select Project => New Source and select State Diagram. StateCAD starts Select File => Design Wizard or click on the Draw;State Cad Tutorial Jim Duckworth Select Asynchronous reset then Next The Optimization Wizard may open

  2. Fourth generation bound states

    SciTech Connect

    Ishiwata, Koji; Wise, Mark B. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, 91125 (United States)

    2011-04-01

    We investigate the spectrum and wave functions of q{sup '}q{sup '} bound states for heavy fourth generation quarks (q{sup '}) that have a very small mixing with the three observed generations of standard model quarks. Such bound states come with different color, spin and flavor quantum numbers. Since the fourth generation Yukawa coupling, {lambda}{sub q}{sup '}, is large we include all perturbative corrections to the potential between the heavy quark and antiquark of order {lambda}{sub q}{sup '2}N{sub c}/16{pi}{sup 2} where N{sub c} is the number of colors, as well as relativistic corrections suppressed by (v/c){sup 2}. We find that the lightest fourth generation quark masses for which a bound state exists for color octet states. For the color singlet states, which always have a bound state, we analyze the influence that the Higgs couplings have on the size and binding energy of the bound states.

  3. Bipartite composite fermion States.

    PubMed

    Sreejith, G J; Toke, C; Wjs, A; Jain, J K

    2011-08-19

    We study a class of ansatz wave functions in which composite fermions form two correlated "partitions." These "bipartite" composite fermion states are demonstrated to be very accurate for electrons in a strong magnetic field interacting via a short-range 3-body interaction potential over a broad range of filling factors. Furthermore, this approach gives accurate approximations for the exact Coulomb ground state at 2+3/5 and 2+4/7 and is thus a promising candidate for the observed fractional quantum Hall states at the hole conjugate fractions at 2+2/5 and 2+3/7. PMID:21929193

  4. State of the Beach

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This annual Surfrider Foundation report surveys the state of the beaches in coastal and Great Lakes states that are home to Foundation chapters. Each state is rated based on the availability of information and status of eight indicators, including beach access, Website access, surf zone water quality, and beach erosion, among others. The report is written from the perspective of a "concerned local citizen" and aimed at "the people who use and care most about this precious resource." The online report contains six sections, including an executive summary, an explanation of the indicators, conclusions, and recommendations.

  5. Tri-State Buffer

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bartelt, Terry L. M.

    This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the tri-state buffer used in devices employing digital circuitry. A tri-state buffer is "one type of device that is used in digital circuits receiving two logic states but producing three different types of output signals." The presentation is filled with useful flash animations presenting the buffer's use. Furthermore, a series of slides presents the application of this device in different situations. Once complete, a short four-question quiz is provided to test the full understanding of the different concepts.

  6. State Data (Illuminations)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Grace M. Burton

    2012-01-01

    In this lesson plan students use various types of visual representation to compare data about the number of letters in the name of each state; students create bar graphs from which they find the Mean, Median, Mode, and Range of their data set (10 states only). These data landmarks and visual representations are used to compare their data with their classmates. The lesson plan includes a grid paper document for creating the bar graph and a link to an applet for a State Data Map (cataloged separately).

  7. Locally maximally entangleable states and W-type states

    E-print Network

    Ri Qu; Juan Wang; Yan-ru Bao; Zong-shang Li

    2013-06-04

    We investigate the relationship between locally maximally entangleable (LME) states and W-type states which are equivalent to a W state under stochastic local operations and classical communication (SLOCC). We prove that (i) some special W-type states of three qubits are LME; and (ii) no W-type state of four and more qubits is LME. Our results show that the W state of four and more qubits cannot be prepared by using LME states under SLOCC. However, for three qubits some special LME states can be used to prepare the W state under SLOCC.

  8. Regions of the United States

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Evans

    2011-12-09

    What influences where people live in the United States? Essential Concepts and/or Skills from the IOWA CORE can be found: Link for IOWA CORE What are your guiding questions? Use the following resources to get to know the states in the particular regions of the USA 50 States Practice Regions of the United States Teacherfirst 50 states Map and Facts of the United States United States HIstory Link ...

  9. STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA OFFICE OF STATE HUMAN RESOURCES

    E-print Network

    Thaxton, Christopher S.

    STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA OFFICE OF STATE HUMAN RESOURCES 1331 MAIL SERVICE CENTER RALEIGH, NC 27699-1331 PAT MCCRORY C. NEAL ALEXANDER, JR. GOVERNOR STATE HUMAN RESOURCES DIRECTOR August 21, 2013 Dear Fellow State Employees, As you may be aware, HB 834, Modern State Human Resources Management

  10. Negative-ion states

    SciTech Connect

    Compton, R.N.

    1982-01-01

    In this brief review, we discuss some of the properties of atomic and molecular negative ions and their excited states. Experiments involving photon reactions with negative ions and polar dissociation are summarized. 116 references, 14 figures.

  11. Stable coherent states

    E-print Network

    Zipfel, Antonia

    2015-01-01

    We analyze the stability under time evolution of complexifier coherent states (CCS) in one-dimensional mechanical systems. A system of coherent states is called stable if it evolves into another coherent state. It turns out that a system can only poses stable CCS if the classical evolution of the variable for a given complexifier C depends only on z itself and not on its complex conjugate. This condition is very restrictive in general so that only few systems exist that obey this condition. However, it is possible to access a wider class of models that in principle may allow for stable coherent states associated to certain regions in the phase space by introducing action-angle coordinates.

  12. Quantum Physics: Altered States

    E-print Network

    Haw, Mark

    2002-06-27

    Stand by for a new state of matter according to some predictions, it could be created in the next few months. In a handful of laboratories around the world, physicists are trying to persuade antisocial atoms to pair ...

  13. State Electricity Profiles

    EIA Publications

    2014-01-01

    The annual report contains data tables describing the electricity industry in each state. Data include generating capability, electricity generation, fuel use and prices, retail sales, emissions, and net interstate transfers of electricity.

  14. State Nuclear Profiles

    EIA Publications

    2012-01-01

    Presents a summary of current and recent historical data for the nuclear power industry. The data focuses on net summer capacity and net generation for each state, as well as plant specific information for 2010.

  15. State Veterinary Medical Associations

    MedlinePLUS

    ... alvma.com Alaska State Veterinary Medical Association Vicki Smith, Executive Director 1841 West Secluded Court Kuna, ID, ... www.hawaiivetmed.org Idaho Veterinary Medical Association Vicki Smith, Executive Director 1841 West Secluded Court Kuna, ID, ...

  16. Florida State Parks

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The modern Florida State Parks system was created in 1935, and their programs include parks all the way from the St. Augustine area to the Keys. Their homepage brings together cultural, historical, and scientific materials related to the various sites in the state system. The website includes information on each park, along with interactive features on African American sites in the state and notable battlegrounds. Along the top of the page, visitors can use sections such as "Find a Park" and "Stay the Night" to plan their journey through the state. Each park entry also contains information about the site's history, along with detailed information about ranger programs, special music events, and so on. Finally, visitors can stay in touch via Twitter and other social media.

  17. Ground State Spin Logic

    E-print Network

    J. D. Whitfield; M. Faccin; J. D. Biamonte

    2012-05-08

    Designing and optimizing cost functions and energy landscapes is a problem encountered in many fields of science and engineering. These landscapes and cost functions can be embedded and annealed in experimentally controllable spin Hamiltonians. Using an approach based on group theory and symmetries, we examine the embedding of Boolean logic gates into the ground state subspace of such spin systems. We describe parameterized families of diagonal Hamiltonians and symmetry operations which preserve the ground state subspace encoding the truth tables of Boolean formulas. The ground state embeddings of adder circuits are used to illustrate how gates are combined and simplified using symmetry. Our work is relevant for experimental demonstrations of ground state embeddings found in both classical optimization as well as adiabatic quantum optimization.

  18. Quantum Brain States

    E-print Network

    Richard A Mould

    2003-07-10

    If conscious observers are to be included in the quantum mechanical universe, we need to find the rules that engage observers with quantum mechanical systems. The author has proposed five rules that are discovered by insisting on empirical completeness; that is, by requiring the rules to draw empirical information from Schrodinger's solutions that is more complete than is currently possible with the (Born) probability interpretation. I discard Born's interpretation, introducing probability solely through probability current. These rules tell us something about brains. They require the existence of observer brain states that are neither conscious nor unconscious. I call them 'ready' brain states because they are on stand-by, ready to become conscious the moment they are stochastically chosen. Two of the rules are selection rules involving ready brain states. The place of these rules in a wider theoretical context is discussed. Key Words: boundary conditions, consciousness, decoherence, macroscopic superposition, Penrose, state reduction, von Neumann, wave collapse.

  19. State Infertility Insurance Laws

    MedlinePLUS

    ... click on the state below: Arkansas | California | Connecticut | Hawaii | Illinois | Louisiana | Maryland | Massachusetts | Montana | New Jersey | New ... 1989 X X(2) Connecticut 1989 X X Hawaii 1987 X X(3) Illinois 1991 X X( ...

  20. Fixing Failed States

    E-print Network

    Yoo, John

    2010-01-01

    a nation-state could also be turned to support terrorism andterrorism, and trade, among others, are likely to view the nation-statestates, with the right regimes, may be a particularly effective tool at stopping terrorism

  1. Nozick's minimal state?

    E-print Network

    Russell, Darrell James

    1995-01-01

    . Protective Policy Possibilities. . IV PROTECTIVE WELFARE. 8 11 14 25 29 30 34 39 43 50 56 Case 1: Roads. . Case 2: Education. Case 3: The Marshall Plan. . Arguments and Analysis. V A NOZICKIAN STATE Policy Objedions...

  2. State Tomography: Hidden Differences

    E-print Network

    R. B. A. Adamson; L. K. Shalm; M. W. Mitchell; A. M. Steinberg

    2006-12-14

    We address the problem of completely characterizing multi-particle states including loss of information to unobserved degrees of freedom. In systems where non-classical interference plays a role, such as linear-optics quantum gates, such information can degrade interference in two ways, by decoherence and by distinguishing the particles. Distinguishing information, often the limiting factor for quantum optical devices, is not correctly described by previous state-reconstruction techniques, which account only for decoherence. We extend these techniques and find that a single modified density matrix can completely describe partially-coherent, partially-distinguishable states. We use this observation to experimentally characterize two-photon polarization states in single-mode optical fiber.

  3. Solid state switch

    DOEpatents

    Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA); Dreifuerst, Gary R. (Livermore, CA)

    1994-01-01

    A solid state switch, with reverse conducting thyristors, is designed to operate at 20 kV hold-off voltage, 1500 A peak, 1.0 .mu.s pulsewidth, and 4500 pps, to replace thyratrons. The solid state switch is more reliable, more economical, and more easily repaired. The switch includes a stack of circuit card assemblies, a magnetic assist and a trigger chassis. Each circuit card assembly contains a reverse conducting thyristor, a resistor capacitor network, and triggering circuitry.

  4. State of family planning.

    PubMed

    Schreiber, Courtney A; Traxler, Sarah

    2015-06-01

    Family planning and reproductive health services are uniquely impacted by policy and politics in the United States. Recent years have witnessed an unprecedented number of abortion restrictions, and research funding has decreased in related areas. Despite this, both the science and the implementation of improved family planning and abortion methods have progressed in the past decade. This article reviews the current state of family planning, as well as technologies and patient care opportunities for the future. PMID:25860324

  5. State Cancer Profiles

    Cancer.gov

    State Cancer Profiles characterizes the cancer burden in a standardized manner to motivate action, integrate surveillance into cancer control planning, characterize areas and demographic groups, and expose health disparities. The focus is on cancer sites with evidence based control interventions. Interactive graphics and maps provide support for deciding where to focus cancer control efforts. State Cancer Profiles is one tool of the Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. portal which provides access to Web-based resources.

  6. States of Matters

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Newman

    2010-11-04

    What are the states of matter? 1. Open States of Matter Chart. This is where you will write down all the information that you learn. 2. Open Information on Solids. Write down 2 facts that you learned about solids in the chart AND draw a picture of what you think an example of a solid could be. 3. Open Information on Liquids. Write down 2 facts that you ...

  7. Permutationally invariant state reconstruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moroder, Tobias; Hyllus, Philipp; Tth, Gza; Schwemmer, Christian; Niggebaum, Alexander; Gaile, Stefanie; Ghne, Otfried; Weinfurter, Harald

    2012-10-01

    Feasible tomography schemes for large particle numbers must possess, besides an appropriate data acquisition protocol, an efficient way to reconstruct the density operator from the observed finite data set. Since state reconstruction typically requires the solution of a nonlinear large-scale optimization problem, this is a major challenge in the design of scalable tomography schemes. Here we present an efficient state reconstruction scheme for permutationally invariant quantum state tomography. It works for all common state-of-the-art reconstruction principles, including, in particular, maximum likelihood and least squares methods, which are the preferred choices in today's experiments. This high efficiency is achieved by greatly reducing the dimensionality of the problem employing a particular representation of permutationally invariant states known from spin coupling combined with convex optimization, which has clear advantages regarding speed, control and accuracy in comparison to commonly employed numerical routines. First prototype implementations easily allow reconstruction of a state of 20 qubits in a few minutes on a standard computer.

  8. 2012 Boise State University 1 State of the University Address

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    , Assistant Professor, MLL -- University of California, Davis Samuel Coskey, Assistant Professor, Mathematics -- Wayne State University Megan Davis, Assistant Professor -- University of North Carolina Cheryl 2012 Boise State University 1 State of the University Address Dr. Robert Kustra August 22, 2012

  9. 7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Mushroom...

  10. 7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Mushroom...

  11. Federation of State Medical Boards of the United States

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Boards Representing the 70 medical boards of the United States and its territories. The Federation of State Medical ... the 70 medical and osteopathic boards of the United States and its territories. Since its founding, the FSMB ...

  12. 7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Mushroom...

  13. 7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Mushroom...

  14. 7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Mushroom...

  15. See Your State From Space!

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    2008-01-01

    Each of the 50 States in the United States is beautiful in its own way. That beauty can be seen from a unique perspective using satellite images taken from high above the Earth. These State images were created from multiple satellite images stitched together into one seamless image for each State. Names of major cities, administrative boundaries, and State flags have been added.

  16. Climate2012 State of the

    E-print Network

    Greenslade, Diana

    Climate2012 State of the #12;2 State of the Climate 2012 Climate2012 State of the The previous State of the Climate, released in March 2010 (www.csiro.au/Outcomes/Climate/Understanding/State-of-the- Climate.aspx) highlighted a multi-decadal warming trend over Australia's land and oceans, an increase

  17. Quantum state discrimination with bosonic channels and Gaussian states

    E-print Network

    Tan, Si Hui, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Discriminating between quantum states is an indispensable part of quantum information theory. This thesis investigates state discrimination of continuous quantum variables, focusing on bosonic communication channels and ...

  18. Negative Ion Excited States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mead, Roy D.

    This dissertation describes high-resolution tunable laser photodetachment studies of both valence and dipole -bound excited states of negative ions. Also discussed is a merged laser-ion beam photodetachment spectrometer. The photodetachment cross section of C(,2)('-) displays many sharp resonances, due to excitation of autodetaching levels of the B('2)(SIGMA)(,u)('+) valence state lying above the onset of the (C(,2) + e) continuum. The positions of approximately 1,000 resonances were measured, allowing the spectroscopic constants of the ground X('2)(SIGMA)(,g)('+) and excited B('2)(SIGMA)(,u)('+) states to be determined, including spin-rotation constants. The previously unobserved A('2)(PI)(,u) state has been characterized by deperturbation analysis. Strong A-X transitions are predicted near 2.5 microns. The widths of C(,2)('-) resonances with v = 6 -10 and J = 1-60 have also been measured, providing autodetachment rates as a function of both rotation and vibration, ranging from 10('8) to 10('11) s('-1). The first conclusive observation of an entirely new class of states, called dipole-bound or dipole-supported states, is discussed for the case of acetaldehyde enolate (vinyl oxide) negative ion. In these novel states, the extra electron is weakly bound ((TURN)5 cm('-1)) in a very diffuse orbital ((TURN)100 (ANGSTROM)) by the dipole moment of the neutral core. Weak electric fields (< 70 V/cm) are found to rapidly detach the dipole-bound electron. These dipole-bound states resemble Rydberg states of neutrals, but differ from Rydbergs in many important respects. They should be present for all neutrals with dipole moments > 2 Debye. The merged laser-ion beam (also known as coaxial -beams) spectrometer has 0.0005 cm('-1) resolution in the visible region, simultaneously achieving very high sensitivity. It employs quadrupole beam deflectors to merge and laser and negative ion beams, and can scan spectra either by scanning the laser frequency or the Doppler shift of the ion beam. Both electrons and neutral photodetachment products are detected. Even very low energy electrons (< 20 meV) are collected and counted, and the collector may be adjusted to collect either all electrons or only low energy electrons as needed.

  19. State Medicaid & CHIP Policies 2014

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Reports and Evaluations Basic Health Program State Resources Innovation Accelerator Program Medicaid State Technical Assistance Medicaid and ... Monthly Medicaid and CHIP Eligibility and Enrollment Data Innovation Accelerator Program (IAP) State Highlights A federal government ...

  20. Muonium states in semiconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patterson, Bruce D.

    1988-01-01

    Positive muons implanted into diamond and zincblende-structured semiconductors often form hydrogen-like paramagnetic muonium (?+-e-) states whose characteristics can be investigated with the "muon spin rotation" (?SR) technique. In contrast to the case of hydrogen, which is not known to form a paramagnetic state in semiconductors, two coexisting types of muonium states are seen. "Mu" with a large isotropic hyperfine interaction, and "Mu*" with a small [111]-axially symmetric hyperfine interaction. Both "spectroscopic" properties of these states, such as the electronic g factors and the nuclear hyperfine interactions, and "dynamic" properties, such as their diffusion rates and their rates of interconversion, are accessible with ?SR. Direct information about the site of the muonium states is available using the channeling effect of the positron from muon decay in a crystalline host. The techniques for probing semiconductors with positive muons are described in this review, and the results they have provided to date are critically discussed. The considerable amount of theoretical work that has been invested in microscopic models of Mu and Mu* is also summarized.

  1. Maryland State Data Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In 1978, the US Census established a cooperative program with the 50 states to "make census information available locally through a network of State agencies, universities, libraries, and regional and local governments." As part of this effort, the Maryland Department of Planning, in cooperation with the State Library Resource Center (Enoch Pratt) and the University of Maryland's Computer Science Center, has produced an excellent Website posting up-to-date and archival data on the demographics of Maryland. "Sample profiles of 1990 census data, historic trends and forecasts are available here for Maryland, its six planning regions and jurisdictions" with charts highlighting key items from the profiles. Projections from this data include population, race, age, households, labor force, jobs, income, and school enrollment. Recent posts to the Website provide data on socioeconomic profiles of Maryland residents, foreign immigration to Maryland from 1992-1998, household median and mean income estimates, new school enrollment projections, and IRS-monitored state-to-state migration. Documents are posted in HTML, with some also available in .pdf format for printing.

  2. Superpowers and client states

    SciTech Connect

    Efrat, M.; Bercovitch, J.

    1987-01-01

    Throughout the world the two superpowers often conduct their global conflict by proxy, taking different sides in regional disputes. An important question of international relations is where the balance of power lies in the superpower client state relationship-how far are the interests of the superpower subordinated to those of the client state or vice versa. Taking the two case studies of the US-Israel relationship and the Soviet-Syrian relationship, this book explores the perceptions by each side of the relationship and the reality. It goes on to make general conclusions about superpower-client state relationships. Contents: Introduction; In Search of a Theoretical Framework; Client-States in Superpower Perception; Superpowers in Client States' Perception; The Case of US-Israel Relations; Israel in US Perspective; The USA in Israeli Perspective; Flows of US Civilian and Military Resources to Israel; The Case of Soviet-Syrian Relations; Syria in Soviet Perspective; The USSR in Syrian Perspective; Flows of Soviet Civilian and Military Resources to Syria; Comparative Analysis and Conclusions; Overview of the two cases studies and conclusions.

  3. Renormalizing an initial state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Collins, Hael; Holman, R.; Vardanyan, Tereza

    2014-10-01

    The intricate machinery of perturbative quantum field theory has largely been devoted to the `dynamical' side of the theory: simple states are evolved in complicated ways. This article begins to address this lopsided treatment. Although it is rarely possible to solve for the eigenstates of an interacting theory exactly, a general state and its evolution can nonetheless be constructed perturbatively in terms of the propagators and structures defined with respect to the free theory. The detailed form of the initial state in this picture is fixed by imposing suitable `renormalization conditions' on the Green's functions. This technique is illustrated with an example drawn from inflation, where the presence of nonrenormalizable operators and where an expansion that naturally couples early times with short distances make the ability to start the theory at a finite initial time especially desirable.

  4. Information Equation of State

    E-print Network

    Paul Gough

    2008-08-07

    Landauer's principle is applied to information in the universe. Once stars began forming, the increasing proportion of matter at high stellar temperatures compensated for the expanding universe to provide a near constant information energy density. The information equation of state was close to the dark energy value, w = -1, for a wide range of redshifts, 10> z >0.8, over one half of cosmic time. A reasonable universe information bit content of only 10^87 bits is sufficient for information energy to account for all dark energy. A time varying equation of state with a direct link between dark energy and matter, and linked to star formation in particular, is clearly relevant to the cosmic coincidence problem.In answering the "Why now?" question we wonder "What next?" as we expect the information equation of state to tend towards w = 0 in the future.

  5. California State Archives

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-01-01

    Those persons with an interest in the history and government of the Golden State will love the California State Archives, which were originally chartered to receive "â?¦all public records, registered maps, books, papers, rolls, documents and other writingsâ?¦which appertain to or are in any way connected with the political history and past administration of the government of California." On the site, visitors can learn about the local government records program, look over state government oral histories, or consider the particulars of the graduate internship program. In the Collections area, visitors can examine past iterations of California's constitution, take a look at select pieces of legislation, and browse Spanish and Mexican land grants. Finally, visitors can look through the fascinating working papers of the 1878-1879 Constitutional Convention, the site's first formal digitized collection.

  6. Exciting flavored bound states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rojas, E.; El-Bennich, B.; de Melo, J. P. B. C.

    2014-10-01

    We study ground and radial excitations of flavor singlet and flavored pseudoscalar mesons within the framework of the rainbow-ladder truncation using an infrared massive and finite interaction in agreement with recent results for the gluon-dressing function from lattice QCD and Dyson-Schwinger equations. Whereas the ground-state masses and decay constants of the light mesons as well as charmonia are well described, we confirm previous observations that this truncation is inadequate to provide realistic predictions for the spectrum of excited and exotic states. Moreover, we find a complex conjugate pair of eigenvalues for the excited D(s) mesons, which indicates a non-Hermiticity of the interaction kernel in the case of heavy-light systems and the present truncation. Nevertheless, limiting ourselves to the leading contributions of the Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes, we find a reasonable description of the charmed ground states and their respective decay constants.

  7. GFP's Mechanical Intermediate States

    PubMed Central

    Saeger, John; Hytnen, Vesa P.; Klotzsch, Enrico; Vogel, Viola

    2012-01-01

    Green fluorescent protein (GFP) mutants have become the most widely used fluorescence markers in the life sciences, and although they are becoming increasingly popular as mechanical force or strain probes, there is little direct information on how their fluorescence changes when mechanically stretched. Here we derive high-resolution structural models of the mechanical intermediate states of stretched GFP using steered molecular dynamics (SMD) simulations. These structures were used to produce mutants of EGFP and EYFP that mimic GFP's different mechanical intermediates. A spectroscopic analysis revealed that a population of EGFP molecules with a missing N-terminal ?-helix was significantly dimmed, while the fluorescence lifetime characteristic of the anionic chromophore state remained unaffected. This suggests a mechanism how N-terminal deletions can switch the protonation state of the chromophore, and how the fluorescence of GFP molecules in response to mechanical disturbance might be turned off. PMID:23118864

  8. The plasma state

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Space Science Institute

    2005-01-01

    This segment of a tutorial about plasma--the main state of matter in space--deals with what plasma is and how it is formed. Background information on electric and magnetic fields is also included because plasmas interact with these fields. Enlargeable graphics and an interactive game about the four states of matter complement the segment's four pages of text. In the game, students direct falling objects, such as rocks, lightning, and gasoline, into the appropriate state-of-matter slot. The segment also explains why plasma is so rare on Earth and so abundant in space. A concluding vignette explores Hannes Alfven's ongoing influence on space physics. Alfven was a twentieth-century Nobel laureate. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

  9. Vatican City State

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    On February 11, 1929 the Vatican City State was inaugurated with the signing of the Lateran Accords. With its motto, "A small territory with a great mission", the State is celebrating its 80th anniversary with a number of celebrations this year. This very fine site brings together a veritable cornucopia of information about the Vatican City State, including information about its governance structure, monuments, and philatelic culture. Visitors can start their journey by looking at webcams that provide a top-notch view of St. Peter's Square and the Governorate Palace. Moving on, visitors can also click on the "History" section to learn about the long history of the Vatican, and how the term has been used over the millennia. Visitors can also listen in to Vatican Radio, and check up on official news releases from the Vatican Information Service.

  10. Parametric State Space Structuring

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ciardo, Gianfranco; Tilgner, Marco

    1997-01-01

    Structured approaches based on Kronecker operators for the description and solution of the infinitesimal generator of a continuous-time Markov chains are receiving increasing interest. However, their main advantage, a substantial reduction in the memory requirements during the numerical solution, comes at a price. Methods based on the "potential state space" allocate a probability vector that might be much larger than actually needed. Methods based on the "actual state space", instead, have an additional logarithmic overhead. We present an approach that realizes the advantages of both methods with none of their disadvantages, by partitioning the local state spaces of each submodel. We apply our results to a model of software rendezvous, and show how they reduce memory requirements while, at the same time, improving the efficiency of the computation.

  11. State Councils on Developmental Disabilities

    MedlinePLUS

    Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AIDD) State Councils on Developmental Disabilities Fact Sheet (PDF, 338KB) | DDC Program Contacts | Program Resources State Councils on Developmental Disabilities ( ...

  12. Mixed graph states

    E-print Network

    Constanza Riera; Ramij Rahaman; Matthew G. Parker

    2015-06-11

    We have generalised the concept of graph states to what we have called mixed graph states, which we define in terms of mixed graphs, that is graphs with both directed and undirected edges, as the density matrix stabilized by the associated stabilizer matrix defined by the mixed graph. We can interpret this matrix as a quantum object by making it part of a larger fully commuting matrix, i.e. where we choose the environment appropriately, and this will imply that our quantum object is a mixed state. We prove that, in the same way as (pure) graph states, the density matrix of a parent of mixed graph state can be written as sum of a few Pauli matrices, well defined from the mixed graph. We have proven that the set of matrices that appear in this sum is fully pair-wise commuting, and form a multiplicative group up to global constants, which is always of maximum size. Furthermore, the cardinality of the set depends solely of the miminum possible number of extension columns/rows, and the number of nodes of the mixed graph. We prove a formula for this cardinality. Finally, in the case of purely undirected graphs, this corresponds to the usual pure graph state. Also, we have developed a way of finding maximal commutative group of such Pauli matrices as a linear subspace problem, for any given mixed graph. We also have proven how the structure of maximal commutative groups is independent of the direction of the arrows of the mixed graph, and also of the undirected edges; this allows the simplification of the problem of finding these groups in general to finding them for a much smaller set of graphs.

  13. Firewall: Stateful Packet Inspector

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Tabbutt, Douglas

    This brief interactive activity, by Electromechanical Digital Library and Wisconsin Technical College System faculty members Joseph Wetzel and Brian Gremore, provides a basic introduction to stateful packet inspectors (SPIs). This online lesson gives a definition, examples, and clear explanation of SPIs including illustrations and animations to help the visual learners among us. The user is able to navigate at his or her own pace and is able to re-view and re-read as many times as they need. This is a solid introductory resource to stateful packet inspectors for teachers, students, or the curious.

  14. State Personal Income Data

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Geospatial and Statistical Data Center at the University of Virginia offers a database of state personal income from 1958 to 1997. The database may be searched by ten fields including US state, personal income by major source and earnings by industry, wage and salary disbursements by industry and by year, and regional economic profiles. Users can select from a pick list of options for each field, and the accompanying helpful notes sections provide explanatory footnotes for each pick list. The database may be queried by one field or a combination of several fields.

  15. Generalized Dicke States

    E-print Network

    Stephan Hartmann

    2012-01-09

    Quantum master equations are an important tool in quantum optics and quantum information theory. For systems comprising a small to medium number of atoms (or qubits), the non-truncated equations are usually solved numerically. In this paper, we present a group-theoretical superoperator method that helps solving these equations. To do so, we exploit the SU(4)-symmetry of the respective Lindblad operator and construct basis states that generalize the well-known Dicke states. This allows us to solve various problems analytically and to considerably reduce the complexity of problems that can only be solved numerically. Finally, we present three examples that illustrate the proposed method.

  16. Parameter estimating state reconstruction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    George, E. B.

    1976-01-01

    Parameter estimation is considered for systems whose entire state cannot be measured. Linear observers are designed to recover the unmeasured states to a sufficient accuracy to permit the estimation process. There are three distinct dynamics that must be accommodated in the system design: the dynamics of the plant, the dynamics of the observer, and the system updating of the parameter estimation. The latter two are designed to minimize interaction of the involved systems. These techniques are extended to weakly nonlinear systems. The application to a simulation of a space shuttle POGO system test is of particular interest. A nonlinear simulation of the system is developed, observers designed, and the parameters estimated.

  17. Changing States of Matter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-12-06

    This is a lesson about states of matter. Learners will explore the conditions required for water to be in a liquid state. They discover that temperature is the essential variable. They then explore how temperature affects the motion of molecules and molecular bonds. The lesson models scientific inquiry using the 5E instructional model and includes teacher notes, prerequisite concepts, common misconceptions, student journal and reading. This is lesson 5 in the Astro-Venture Astronomy Unit. The lessons are designed for educators to use in conjunction with the Astro-Venture multimedia modules.

  18. Implementing the Common Core State Standards: State Spotlights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Chief State School Officers, 2013

    2013-01-01

    As of the 2012-2013 school year, over 20 states have formally moved to the Common Core State Standards being used as the learning expectations for all students across the state, and the remainder will be doing so in the 2014-2015 school year. This document highlights state initiatives that are supporting Common Core implementation in the following

  19. The State "of" State U.S. History Standards 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Sheldon M.; Stern, Jeremy A.

    2011-01-01

    This study is the Thomas B. Fordham Institute's first review of the quality of state U.S. history standards since 2003. Key findings include: (1) A majority of states' standards are mediocre-to-awful. The average grade across "all" states is barely a D. In twenty-eight jurisdictions--a majority of states--the history standards earn Ds or below.

  20. THE STATE TOBACCO ACTIVITIES TRACKING AND EVALUATION (STATE) SYSTEM

    EPA Science Inventory

    The State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System is an electronic data warehouse containing up-to-date and historical state-level data on tobacco use prevention and control. The STATE System is designed to integrate many data sources to provide comprehensive su...

  1. VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND STATE UNIVERSITY VIRGINIA STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND STATE UNIVERSITY VIRGINIA STATE UNIVERSITY Virginia Cooperative employer. Issued in further- ance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. J. David Barrett

  2. State of Vermont Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This workbook, submitted by the State of Vermont to the U.S. Department of Education, is for State Grants under Title IX, Part C, Section 9302 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 107-110). It is a summary of implementation status for required elements of state accountability systems. By January 31, 2003, States must complete

  3. State of New Jersey Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This workbook, submitted by the State of New Jersey to the U.S. Department of Education, is for State Grants under Title IX, Part C, Section 9302 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 107-110). By January 31, 2003, States must complete and submit to the Department this Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook.

  4. State of West Virginia Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This workbook, submitted by the State of West Virginia to the U.S. Department of Education, is for State Grants under Title IX, Part C, Section 9302 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 107-110). By January 31, 2003, States must complete and submit to the Department this Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook.

  5. State of California Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. Amended

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This workbook, submitted by the State of California to the U.S. Department of Education, is for State Grants under Title IX, Part C, Section 9302 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 107-110). By January 31, 2003, States must complete and submit to the Department this Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. The

  6. State of Idaho Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This workbook, submitted by the State of Idaho to the U.S. Department of Education, is for State Grants under Title IX, Part C, Section 9302 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 107-110). By January 31, 2003, States must complete and submit to the Department this Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. The

  7. Bound states of quarks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfgang Lucha; Franz F. Schberl; Dieter Gromes

    1991-01-01

    This review consists of two parts, the phenomenology of non-relativistic potential models and the theoretical understanding of the forces between quarks. The first part reports on the description of hadrons as bound states of quarks by non-relativistic potential models. It starts with a brief sketch of the way in which information on the interquark potential may be gained from quantum

  8. Portland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING

    E-print Network

    Latiolais, M. Paul

    an appropriate judicial or corrections official, including copies of police reports, sentencing reports or other's License # (if available) State of Issue Note: Convictions of a misdemeanor or felony crimes DO to have any conviction or crime removed. Falsely responding to the questions below may result in your

  9. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    , DC 20090-6090. #12;Federal Recycling Program Printed on Recycled Paper UnitedStates Departmentof://www.psw.fs.fed.us/ General Technical Report PSW-GTR-152 Ecology and Conservation of the Marbled Murrelet Stateofthe Editors. 1995. Ecology and conservation of the Marbled Murrelet. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-152. Albany, CA

  10. Crystalline beam ground state

    SciTech Connect

    Wei, Jie [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Li, Xiao-Ping [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States). Dept. of Physics; Sessler, A.M. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

    1993-06-11

    In order to employ molecular dynamics (MD) methods, commonly used in condensed matter physics, we have derived the equations of motion for a beam of charged particles in the rotating rest frame of the reference particle. We include in the formalism that the particles are confined by the guiding and focusing magnetic fields, and that they are confined in a conducting vacuum pipe while interacting with each other via a Coulomb force. Numerical simulations using MD methods has been performed to obtain the equilibrium crystalline beam structure. The effect of the shearing force, centrifugal force, and azimuthal variation of the focusing strength are investigated. It is found that a constant gradient storage ring can not give a crystalline beam, but that an alternating-gradient (AG) structure can. In such a machine the ground state is, except for one-dimensional (1-D) crystals, time dependent. The ground state is a zero entropy state, despite the time-dependent, periodic variation of the focusing force. The nature of the ground state, similar to that found by Schiffer et al. depends upon the density and the relative focusing strengths in the transverse directions. At low density, the crystal is 1-D. As the density increases, it transforms into various kinds of 2-D and 3-D crystals. If the energy of the beam is higher than the transition energy of the machine, the crystalline structure can not be formed for lack of radial focusing.

  11. Create Your State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunham, Kris; Melvin, Samantha

    2011-01-01

    Students are often encouraged to work together with their classmates, sometimes with other classes, occasionally with kids at other schools, but rarely with kids across the country. In this article the authors describe the Create Your State project, a collaborative nationwide project inspired by the Texas Chair Project wherein the artist, Damien

  12. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Experiment Station General Technical Report PSW-76 A System of Vegetation Classification Applied to Hawaii earned a bachelor's degree in forest man- agement at Humboldt State College (1969), and a doctorate of Vegetation Classification described in this report developed through the efforts of many persons. We thank

  13. State Fair Recipes

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    As the summer continues to wane on, one tradition remains intact throughout much of America: the state fair. Usually the state fair is a place for local residents to showcase their agricultural marvels, and for urbanites to experience a bit of the country life, albeit rather briefly and somewhat voyeuristically. While there may be an uneasy alliance between urbanites and rural denizens during these periods, one thing is for sure: they both love the award-winning eats that are often the highlight of such gatherings. One is certain to find certain specialties at every fair, ranging from the famous scones of the Washington State Fair in Puyallup to the roast corn that may be found at just about every state fair. This website brings all of those award-winning recipes together in one place, as visitors can find recipes for such dishes as beef and cheddar puffs, braised lamb shanks, and down home chicken pot pie. Desserts don't get short thrift here either, as visitors can read the recipes for ginger lime pear pie and many others as well. Finally, visitors can read profiles of the various award-winning cooks and find recipes from 2000 to 2004.

  14. GIARDIASIS IN WASHINGTON STATE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The objective was to determine the potential for transmission of giardiasis through approved drinking water supplies in Washington State. The project consisted of five studies: the first was conducted during trapping seasons (1976-1979) and resulted in examining of 656 beaver sto...

  15. United States Environmental Protection

    E-print Network

    and exercises, EPA's radiological emergency response team helps states and other agencies test their response from exposure--how radiation affects human plans and hone their skills. health. Key risk assessment, biological, radiological, and nuclear terrorism. For terrorist incidents involving radioactive materials

  16. Superconducting states in graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uchoa, Bruno

    2013-03-01

    In spite of the remarkable electronic properties of graphene, which include the existence of massless Dirac quasiparticles, the low density of states near the Dirac points seems to conspire against the formation of new many body ground states. In this context, the search for intriscic superconductivity in graphene has involved either combining graphene with other materials, or else exploring ways to modify the electronic density of states at the Fermi level. In this talk, after discussing the classification of symmetry states in the honeycomb lattice and analysing the general thermodynamic properties for Dirac fermion superconductors, I will describe a few promissing mechanisms to induce superconductivity in graphene. In particular, I will show that in the situation where strain effects lead to a reconstruction of the vacuum into a discrete spectrum of Landau levels due to pseudo magnetic fields, which preserve overall time reversal symmetry, superconductivity is quantum critical at integer filling of the Landau levels, when the system is incompressible. At partial filling, the quenching of the kinetic energy due to the Landau levels leads to a crossover to a non-Fermi liquid regime, where the critical temperature scales linearly with the coupling in the weak coupling limit. I will show that the critical temperature can be orders of magnitude larger than in conventional weak coupling superconductors, and may be triggered by phonons.

  17. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    of the Pacific Coast." The tree illustrated is within Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park. For more Technical Report PSW-GTR-194 July 2007 Proceedings of the Redwood Region Forest Science Symposium: What Does on this superlative tree, see "A redwood tree whose crown may be the most complex on Earth. SC Sillett, R Van Pelt - L

  18. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Fried, Jeremy S.

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General by scanning the printed publication. Errors identified by the software have been corrected; however, some Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Depart- ment of Agriculture, Ogden, UT, stationed in Moscow, ID

  19. United States of Agriculture

    E-print Network

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General was created by scanning the printed publication. Errors identified by the software have been corrected with the Intermountain Research Station's Enhancing Fish Habitats Research Work Unit in Boise, ID. He received B

  20. Inferences about mental states

    PubMed Central

    Mitchell, Jason P.

    2009-01-01

    Human social cognition relies on an ability to predict what others will think, feel or do in novel situations. Research in social neuroscience has consistently observed several brain regions that contribute ubiquitously to these abilities, including medial prefrontal cortex and aspects of lateral and medial parietal cortex. Interestingly, parallel work has suggested that this same network of regions subserves several seemingly distinct phenomenanotably, the abilities to remember the past, imagine the future and visualize spatial layoutssuggesting the existence of a common set of cognitive processes devoted to projecting oneself into worlds that differ mentally, temporally or physically from one's current experience. This use of self-projection to understand others' minds requires perceivers to solve three distinct cognitive challenges: (i) generating a simulated facsimile of one's own hypothetical mental states in a given situation, (ii) suppressing one's own current mental states, and (iii) deciding on the appropriateness of simulated states for understanding a particular other person. The present paper reviews recent psychology and neuroscience research aimed at understanding the underlying mechanisms that allow humans to solve each of these cognitive challenges to use self-projection to predict and understand the mental states of others. PMID:19528012

  1. WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY BIOSTATISTICS

    E-print Network

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY BIOSTATISTICS Want your math skills to have a real-world impact? Consider a Master in Public Health in Biostatistics. Public health biostatisticians are concerned with disease in Biostatistics Gives You: A broad knowledge and understanding of statistical methods used in public health

  2. Dining Hall State Regional

    E-print Network

    Liberzon, Daniel

    :GIS_648_DraftBaseforGraphicDesign.mxd;12/16/2013 NICOTINE REPLACEMENT THERAPYNICOTINE REPLACEMENT THERAPY STATE FARM CENTER ACTIVITIES AND RECREATION CENTER 57 NORTH Ikenberry Dining Hall - First Floor ICE ARENA ILLINI UNION CHOMPS Illinois Street Residence Hall - Lower Level CAMPUS RECREATION CENTER EAST

  3. The State of Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lashway, Larry

    2001-01-01

    All 50 states are moving toward accountability systems that involve setting clear standards of learning, assessing student progress on those standards, and providing a variety of incentives and sanctions for performance. Many educators remain profoundly ambivalent; however, they recognize opportunities for positive change but worry that a narrow

  4. Designing State Aid Formulas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Bo; Bradbury, Katharine

    2009-01-01

    This paper designs a new equalization-aid formula based on fiscal gaps of local communities. When states are in transition to a new local aid formula, the issue of whether and how to hold existing aid harmless poses a challenge. The authors show that some previous studies and the formulas derived from them give differential weights to existing and

  5. TRUMAN STATE Spring 2015

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    ! women & their age / weight - Just don't talk about it #12;AMERICAN CULTURE 101 Business & ProfessionalWELCOME TO TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Spring 2015 International Student Pre- Orientation Information American Culture 101 #12;CULTURAL ADJUSTMENT AND AMERICAN CULTURE 101 Those Crazy Americans! Overview

  6. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-136 Guidelinesfor EvaluatingAir Pollution Impactson Class I Wilderness for evaluating air pollution impacts on class I wilderness areas in California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR- 136

  7. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Forest Insect and Disease Service Center, 2606 Old Stage Road, Central Point, OR 97502 (email address involving pesticides. It does not contain recommendations for their use, nor does it imply that the uses discussed here have been registered. All uses of pesticides must be registered by appropriate state

  8. State Health Profiles, 2001

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    The National Center for Health Statistics offers Excel files of the data used to produce this year's State Health Profiles publications. The files can be downloaded in Excel format and cover a variety of topics in eight categories including Deaths from Injuries, Infectious Diseases, Environmental Health Concerns, and more.

  9. States of Matter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Concord Consortium

    2011-12-11

    Take a look at a molecular level at what happens in a substance during the three phases of solid, liquid, and gas. Use interactive computer models to trace an atom?s trajectory at a certain physical stage, and investigate how molecular behavior is responsible for the substance?s state.

  10. State Archaeological Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, William B., Ed.

    The focus of this conference was on programs and experiences in public archaeological education in the Plains states and immediate neighbors. The contents lists the following papers: (1) "Introduction to the Symposium" (William B. Butler); (2) "Archaeological Educational Programs in Colorado" (Kevin D. Black); (3) "Statewide Archaeological

  11. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    , and Donald J. Latham, who worked on the lightning-caused fire occurrence index; North Central Forest worked on human-caused fire occurrence index; and the Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment StationUnited States Department of Agriculture The National Fire- Danger Forest Service Pacific Southwest

  12. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    's program, San Francisco State University, Recreation, Parks and Tourism, blara@fs.fed.us. Emilyn A in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print

  13. United States of Agriculture

    E-print Network

    , Shrubland Biology and Restoration Research Work Unit, Shrub Sciences Laboratory, Intermountain ResearchUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General Technical Report INT-GTR-315 April 1995 Proceedings: Wildland Shrub and Arid Land Restoration Symposium #12

  14. Church and State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Forum: Phi Kappa Phi Journal, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Church and state is discussed in four articles: "Religion, Separation, and Accommodation: A Recipe of Perfection?" (Delos B. McKown, Clifton B. Perry, pp. 2-7); "Public Religion: The Republican Banquet" (Martin E. Marty, pp. 8-9); "Religion in the 1980s" (Ernest van den Haag, pp. 10-11); and "Education in Religious Schools: The Conflict over

  15. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    Pederson, Neil

    ; ecology and forest dynamics; natural and artificial regeneration; forest products; wildlife; site United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Southern Research Station e-General Technical Report SRS101 Proceedings 15th Central Hardwood Forest Conference Knoxville, TN February 27March

  16. COHERENT STATES MEASUREMENT ENTROPY

    E-print Network

    , Uniwersytet Jagiello'nski, ul. Reymonta 4 PL30 057, Krak'ow, Poland email: 1 kwapien@castor.if.uj.edu.pl 2 slomczyn@im.uj.edu.pl 3 karol@castor.if.uj.edu.pl Coherent states (CS) quantum entropy can be split

  17. United States Environmental Protection

    E-print Network

    quality in public water systems; remediation of contaminated sites, sediments and ground water; preventionUnited States Environmental Protection Agency Hydrogeologic Framework, Ground-Water Geochemistry/R-02/008 January 2002 Hydrogeologic Framework, Ground-Water Geochemistry, and Assessment of Nitrogen

  18. Solid state polymerization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. N. Vouyiouka; E. K. Karakatsani; C. D. Papaspyrides

    2005-01-01

    Polyesters and polyamides are commercially important polymers prepared by polycondensation. The conventional solution to melt polymerization techniques stop at a low or medium molecular weight product, due to problems arising from severe increase of the melt viscosity and operating temperatures. Higher molecular weights may be reached by Solid State Polymerization (SSP) at temperatures between the glass transition and the onset

  19. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    are thought to contribute to carbon sequestration, including current debates on this topic. The science regarding forestry and carbon sequestration is more advanced and less controversial than that for range, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

  20. States of Emergency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, Caroline E.

    2012-01-01

    Given the stakes and the current economic climate, U.S. higher education officials across the country are stepping up their advocacy efforts, making their voices louder and more persistent than ever. They are vying for the attention of states struggling with increased demands for limited revenues, most choosing to divert dollars from higher

  1. Energy States of Molecules

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollenberg, J. Leland

    1970-01-01

    Discusses molecular spectroscopy arising from transitions within rotational, vibrational, and electronic energy states. Using quantum mechanical formuli, the author describes how these spectroscopic methods can be used to determine internuclear distances, bond energies, bond angles, dipole moments, and other details. Concludes with a selected

  2. FCC State Link

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Researchers interested in telecommunications industry data and trends may download Federal Communications Commission (FCC) reports at the FCC State Link page. Archived documents are arranged by topic and may include specific information such as telephone industry revenues, rates, and market shares.

  3. Emotional state and efficiency

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ovchinnikova, O. V.

    1973-01-01

    An investigation was made of the effect of emotional states-negative and positive- on work performance. Data cover intensity of emotional arousal, personality characteristics of person involved, typological features of person's nervous system, emotional stability of person, and past experience of person. Particular attention was given to emotional stress effects on efficiency, given modern working conditions.

  4. Solid state ionics 2

    SciTech Connect

    Nazri, G.A. (General Motors Research Lab., Warren, MI (US)); Shriver, D.F. (Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (US)); Huggins, R.A. (Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (US)); Balkanski, M. (Pierre et Marie Curie Univ., Paris (FR))

    1991-01-01

    The first part of this proceedings volume deals with application of solid state ionics. Potential application of solid state batteries and fuel cells, sensors, electrochromic windows, and displays are presented. The second part of the Proceedings volume deals with new advances in the theory of solid state ionics. Several approaches such as molecular dynamic relaxation phenomena in solids and ab-initio methods are presented. The third section of the Proceedings volume deals with polymeric electrolytes. Several key issues such as ion-ion and ion polymer interaction and nature of the polymer electrolytes are presented. The polymer dynamics and mechanism of ion transport in polymer electrolytes are discussed. The fourth part of the book deals with mixed conductors and insertion compounds. Physics and chemistry of mixed conductors and their electrochemical properties are presented. The fifth part of the book deals with the general aspects of materials and techniques in solid state ionics. Several new materials with unique properties are presented. Materials processing and fabrication are discussed. Fundamentals of defect chemistry and structure of several glasses are presented. Several in-situ and ex-situ techniques for materials characterization are presented.

  5. United States Department of

    E-print Network

    additions to carbon in forests and in forest products. Forest ecosystem carbon yield tables, representing/project leader, USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, Wisconsin. RICHARD A. BIRDSEY (rbirdseyUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General

  6. Colorado State Forest Service

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2002-10-16

    This public information site from Colorado State University offers sections on managing private and community forests, Colorado wildfires, fire rehabilitation, employment opportunities, and Project Learning Tree, a series of learning modules for K-12 students and educators that address current environmental topics and issues.

  7. Solid-State Lighting

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Leske, Cavin.

    2002-01-01

    Solid-state lighting is a revolutionary technology that uses semiconducting materials to create light while generating almost no heat. This is extremely energy efficient, but until recently has been impractical due to the small amount of light emitted. New developments in light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have reversed this trend, and strong interest has been shown by the US government and many research bodies.A good introduction to the technology can be found at the Lighting Research Center (1). It has a few presentations that demonstrate the implications of solid-state lighting, as well as highlights of various research projects. The Compound Semiconductors Web site (2) is a good news source to learn about current breakthroughs. Abstracts of tutorials and industry outlooks are provided, which describe pure white light LEDs and other emerging technologies. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has a significant research effort in solid state lighting. This presentation (3), given in August 2002, describes the lab's motivation for advancing the technology. In a speech given by US Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham (4), he emphasizes the importance of solid-state lighting to reduce electricity usage. He describes the relationship between LEDs and conventional fluorescent lighting as similar to that between transistors and vacuum tubes. The Office of Building Technology offers this roadmap of lighting technology (5). The report anticipates advances in the industry over the next twenty years, with specific attention to solid state lighting. Another report is from the IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics (6). The authors discuss current trends in high-power LED development and results of the first solid-state lamp that is as intense as Thomas Edison's twenty watt bulb. A recent accomplishment at Sandia National Laboratories is outlined in this article from Lighting.com (7). The "tungsten photonic lattice" is capable of converting heat to visible light and could improve electrical efficiency by over 50 percent. Another efficiency-related news story comes from researchers from a semiconductor company and North Carolina State University (8). Their product reduces the voltage of a high-brightness LED to less than three volts, which was a long standing scientific hurdle.

  8. WINTER 2013 Ohio State launches

    E-print Network

    WINTER 2013 Ohio State launches largest campaign in its history with celebration PAGE 6 impact 50 PAGE 22 #12;#12;winter 2013 ohio state impact 1 But for Ohio State Campaign Highlights of the big Kevin Fitzsimons Printer The Watkins Printing Company President, The Ohio State University Foundation

  9. Ohio State Opportunities Autumn 2007

    E-print Network

    Jones, Michelle

    Ohio State Opportunities Autumn 2007 Welcome to the Ohio State Opportunities for Autumn 2007 School Partnership Advisory Committee set last January: Ohio State faculty visits to public school classrooms Teaching partnerships Middle and high school student visits to Ohio State's campus Sharing

  10. Michigan: The Great Lakes State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKay, Sandra Lee; La Luzerne-Oi, Sally

    2009-01-01

    Although Michigan is often called the "Wolverine State," its more common nickname is the "Great Lakes State." This name comes from the fact that Michigan is the only state in the United States that borders four of the five Great Lakes. Also referred to as the "Water Wonderland," Michigan has 11,000 additional lakes, 36,000 miles of streams, and

  11. State Higher Education Profiles: 1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbett, Samuel F.; And Others

    Profiles on higher education for fiscal year 1985 are presented for the United States, each of the 50 states, and the District of Columbia, with attention to state involvement, support, and performance in higher education. Each state is indexed to a national average and ranked on selected statistics, based on data collected through the Higher

  12. Entangled states : Classical versus Quantum

    E-print Network

    S. Kanmani

    2009-07-10

    Quantum mechanics of composite systems, gives rise to certain special states called entangled states. A physical system, that is in an entangled state displays an intricate correlation between its subsystems. There are also some composite quantum states (classically correlated states or separable states) that are not entangled. It is generally claimed, often without a rigorous proof to support, that these intricate correlations of an entangled state cannot occur in a classical system. This expository article, provides an elementary proof that entangled states cannot arise in the setting of classical mechanics. In addition, a detailed description of the origin of entanglement in quantum systems is included. The mathematical concepts that are necessary for this purpose are presented. The absence of entanglement in the classical setting is due to the fact that every pure classical state of a composite system is a product state, that is, a tensor product of two pure states of the subsystems. In contrast, there are pure composite quantum states that cannot be expressed in the form of a product state or even by a convex sum of product states. Roughly speaking, this is because classical states are positive valued functions on the phase-space while quantum states are positive linear operators. The structure of the tensor product between two commutative spaces of scalar valued functions is drastically different from that of the tensor product between two non-commutative spaces of linear operators. In other words, entanglement is a non-commutative phenomenon.

  13. Which Bipartite States are Lazy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Jianwei

    2015-03-01

    A bipartite state is called lazy if the entropy rate of one subsystem is vanishing for any coupling to the other subsystem. In this paper, we provide a necessary and sufficient condition for a finite-dimensional bipartite state to be lazy, and prove that a two-mode Gaussian state is lazy if and only if it is a direct product state.

  14. Our Nations States and Capitals

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Miss Hansen

    2009-11-23

    Students will be researching and learning about our Nations states and capitals in a fun interactive lesson. This lesson will be a fun way to learn our 50 states and their capitals. Follow this check list to complete your assignments. 1. We will be learning the 50 States song to help us memorize all 50 States. 50 States Song Click here to learn song. 2. If your name starts ...

  15. Review of Entangled Coherent States

    E-print Network

    Barry C. Sanders

    2011-12-08

    We review entangled coherent state research since its first implicit use in 1967 to the present. Entangled coherent states are important to quantum superselection principles, quantum information processing, quantum optics, and mathematical physics. Despite their inherent fragility they have produced in a conditional propagating-wave quantum optics realization. Fundamentally the states are intriguing because they are entanglements of the coherent states, which are in a sense the most classical of all states of a dynamical system.

  16. Linearly independent pure-state decomposition and quantum state discrimination

    SciTech Connect

    Roa, Luis; Alid-Vaccarezza, M.; Maldonado-Trapp, A. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion (Chile)

    2011-08-15

    We put the pure-state decomposition mathematical property of a mixed state to a physical test. We present a protocol for preparing two known nonorthogonal quantum states with well-defined a priori probabilities. Hence we characterize all the possible decompositions of a rank-two mixed state by means of the complex overlap between the two involved states. The physical test proposes a scheme for quantum state recognition of one of the two linearly independent states that arise from the decomposition. We find that the two states associated with the balanced pure-state decomposition have the smaller overlap modulus and therefore the smallest probability of being discriminated conclusively, while in the nonconclusive process they have the highest probability of having an error. In addition, we design an experimental scheme that allows discriminating conclusively and optimally two nonorthogonal states prepared with different a priori probabilities. Thus we propose a physical implementation for this linearly independent pure-state decomposition and state discrimination test by using twin photons generated in the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion. The information state is encoded in a one-photon polarization state, whereas the second single photon is used for heralded detection.

  17. Bound States in Graphene

    E-print Network

    Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

    2008-06-03

    We present a quantum analysis of the massless excitations in graphene with a charge impurity. When the effective charge exceeds a certain critical value, the spectrum is quantized and is unbounded from below. The corresponding eigenstates are square-integrable at infinity and have a rapidly oscillatory behaviour in the short distance, which can be interpreted as a fall to the centre. Using a cutoff regularization, we show that the effective Coulomb interaction strength is driven to its critical value under the renormalization group flow. In the subcritical region, we find bound states with imaginary values of the energy for certain range of the system parameters. The physical significance of these bound states with imaginary eigenvalues is discussed.

  18. Illinois State Highway Maps

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Most states produce detailed road maps for use by their residents, commercial firms, and the curious tourist. This nice collection of Illinois state highway maps is part of the Illinois Digital Archives and it contains dozens of maps dating back to the 1920s. Visitors can start by reading about the history of the covers of these unique items on the homepage. After that, visitors can scan through the high-resolution images here for each map. Users can zoom in and out around each map as they see fit, and there are some nice tools here for rotating the maps as well. It's a great way to learn about the expansion of the road system in Illinois over the decades, and students of the Land of Lincoln will find it most enjoyable. [KMG

  19. Solid State Laser

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1990-01-01

    The Titan-CW Ti:sapphire (titanium-doped sapphire) tunable laser is an innovation in solid-state laser technology jointly developed by the Research and Solid State Laser Divisions of Schwartz Electro-optics, Inc. (SEO). SEO is producing the laser for the commercial market, an outgrowth of a program sponsored by Langley Research Center to develop Ti:sapphire technology for space use. SEO's Titan-CW series of Ti:sapphire tunable lasers have applicability in analytical equipment designed for qualitative analysis of carbohydrates and proteins, structural analysis of water, starch/sugar analyses, and measurements of salt in meat. Further applications are expected in semiconductor manufacture, in medicine for diagnosis and therapy, and in biochemistry.

  20. Wyoming State Geological Survey

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This agency's mission is to study, examine, and seek an understanding of the geology, mineral resources, and physical features of the State; to prepare, publish, and distribute reports and maps of Wyoming's geology, mineral resources, and physical features; and to provide information, advice, and services related to the geology, mineral resources, and physical features of the State. This site contains details and reports about metals in Wyoming, earthquakes and other hazards, coal, industrial minerals, uranium, oil and gas. The field trip section contains details about various areas to visit with students and gives a general geologic description. There is also a searchable bibliography with publications about Wyoming geology. Links are provided for additional resources.

  1. Optical tomography of photon-added coherent states, even and odd coherent states, and thermal states

    SciTech Connect

    Korennoy, Ya. A.; Man'ko, V. I. [P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninsky prospect 53, 117924 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2011-05-15

    Explicit expressions for optical tomograms of photon-added coherent states, even and odd photon-added coherent states, and photon-added thermal states are given in terms of Hermite polynomials. Suggestions for experimental homodyne detection of the considered photon states are presented.

  2. Optical Tomography of Photon-Added Coherent States, Even/Odd Coherent States and Thermal States

    E-print Network

    Ya. A. Korennoy; V. I. Man'ko

    2011-02-05

    Explicit expressions for optical tomograms of the photon-added coherent states, even/odd photon-added coherent states and photon-added thermal states are given in terms of Hermite polynomials. Suggestions for experimental homodyne detection of the considered photon states are presented.

  3. State of North Carolina State Board of Education Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. [Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This workbook, submitted by the State of North Carolina to the U.S. Department of Education, is for State Grants under Title IX, Part C, Section 9302 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 107-110). By January 31, 2003, States must complete and submit to the Department this Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook.

  4. State summaries: Ohio

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wolfe, M.E.

    2006-01-01

    In 2005, the value of coal and industrial minerals sold in Ohio amounted to $1.5 billion, an increase of 7% from 2004. Coal production for the year increased 4.7% from 2004, totalling 22.3 Mt. Aggregate production totalled 114 Mt, a 4% decrease from 2004. In 2005, the state's salt sales amounted to $132 million. Production of industrial sandstone and conglomerate as well as dimension stone and limestone also increased.

  5. Solid State Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shaver, David C.

    1995-01-01

    This report covers in detail the research work of the Solid State Division at Lincoln Laboratory for the period 1 May-31 July 1995. The topics covered are: Electrooptical Devices, Quantum Electronics, Materials Research, Submicrometer Technology, High Speed Electronics, Microelectronics, and analog device technology. Funding is provided primarily by the Air Force, with additional Support provided by the Army, ARPA, Navy, BMDO, NASA and NIST.

  6. Drought in Your State

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This activity is part of Planet Diary and is an online exploration of droughts in the twentieth century. Students each choose a state to investigate and compare the actual Palmer Drought Severity Index (PSDI) for years 1895 to the present, with the reconstructed measurements for 1700 to 1895. Using this information students report on any trends in droughts for the area they study. This activity has an accompanying page with links for more information.

  7. Solid State Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shaver, David C.

    1996-01-01

    This report covers in detail the research work of the Solid State Division at Lincoln Laboratory for the period 1 May - 31 July 1996. The topics covered are Electrooptical Devices, Quantum Electronics, Materials Research, Submicrometer Technology, High Speed Electronics, Microelectronics, and Analog Device Technology. Funding is provided primarily by the Air Force, with additional Support provided by the Army, DARPA, Navy, BMDO, NASA, and NIST.

  8. Entanglement of neutrino states

    E-print Network

    D. L. Khokhlov

    2008-11-12

    Muon and muon antineutrino born in the decay of charged pion form the entangled spin state. The decay of muon with the left helicity triggers the left helicity for muon antineutrino to preserve the null total angular momentum of muon and muon antineutrino. This is forbidden for antineutrino hence one cannot detect the muon antineutrino after the decay of muon. This effect may explain the deficit of muon neutrino flux in the Super-Kamiokande, K2K, MINOS experiments.

  9. Virginia State Climatology Office

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A constituent of the University of Virginia, the Virginia State Climatology Office provides information on the atmospheric environment and analyzes the effects weather and climate have on the economic and ecologic systems. Researchers can find information on how to obtain climate and weather data and can view meteorological maps as well as links to various radar and satellite images. Students can learn about Virginia's climate and its prominent weather systems. Virginia residents will value the site for its forecasts and advisories.

  10. ess stated, Floor Lectu

    E-print Network

    Swain, Peter

    Thu Qua Fron Prof Thu Inte term Prof Thu TBA Dr D Thu TBA Prof Thu TBA Prof Thu TBA Dr F Thu TBA Prof Thu TBA Prof ess stated, Floor Lectu stern Gener we Road So nburgh EH4 ursday 30t uron-glial in ogy on T tment s ett an r Thursdays, Thursday TBA Dr James Thursday TBA Dr Tilo Ku Thursday TBA Professor Friday

  11. Differentiation of SRB States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Ruelle

    1997-01-01

    Dedicated to Klaus Hepp and Walter Hunziker for their 60th birthdays.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Abstract:Let f be a diffeomorphism of a manifold M, and ?f a (generalized) SRB state for f. If supp ?f is a hyperbolic compact set we show that the map is differentiable in a suitable functional setup, and we compute the derivative. When supp ?f is an attractor, the

  12. The Pervasive Plasma State

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Berk, Herbert L.

    This site by the Division of Plasma Physics of the American Physical Society explores plasma, a state of matter that blankets the Earth as a result of solar winds. Pictures and text are used to convey the significance and commonplace use of plasmas in society. Information provided by the site includes understanding plasmas, commercial applications, plasma in space, the future of plasma use, and more.

  13. Solid-state fermentation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashok Pandey

    2003-01-01

    Solid-state fermentation has emerged as a potential technology for the production of microbial products such as feed, fuel, food, industrial chemicals and pharmaceutical products. Its application in bioprocesses such as bioleaching, biobeneficiation, bioremediation, biopulping, etc. has offered several advantages. Utilisation of agro-industrial residues as substrates in SSF processes provides an alternative avenue and value-addition to these otherwise under- or non-utilised

  14. States of Matter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mrs. Davies

    2010-02-19

    This lesson is intended to help students gain an understanding of the different states of matter and their properties. Introduction: What is matter? Something important? We're going to talk about a kind of matter that has to do with science. Matter is all around us. Take a look at the following video to learn what matter is. Matter video Task: Now that we know what matter is, we are going ...

  15. Reasons of state

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, M.

    1993-05-01

    This editor's note is concerned with historical aspects of the Soviet Union's nuclear weapons program. Noted in the article is the viewpoint of Yuli Khariton, who has been speaking out lately in an attempt to set the record straight regarding the early years of the weapons program. Stories told by Andrei Sakharov are included to ultimately make the point that history teaches many lessons, not the least of which is that many crimes are committed by reasons of state.

  16. Models of multiquark states

    SciTech Connect

    Lipkin, H.J.

    1986-01-01

    The success of simple constituent quark models in single-hardon physics and their failure in multiquark physics is discussed, emphasizing the relation between meson and baryon spectra, hidden color and the color matrix, breakup decay modes, coupled channels, and hadron-hadron interactions via flipping and tunneling of flux tubes. Model-independent predictions for possible multiquark bound states are considered and the most promising candidates suggested. A quark approach to baryon-baryon interactions is discussed.

  17. Entanglement classification of pure symmetric states via spin coherent states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandilara, A.; Coudreau, T.; Keller, A.; Milman, P.

    2014-11-01

    We give explicit expressions for canonical states labeling the vast majority of entanglement equivalent classes of symmetric states of qubits and efficient algorithms for reducing a given state to the representative of the class it belongs. This way, we achieve an almost complete classification under local unitary and local invertible transformations for symmetric states. The main tool is a technique introduced in this work, enabling to decompose in a unique way, spin symmetric states into a superposition of spin-1 /2 coherent states. For the case of two qubits, the proposed decomposition reproduces the Schmidt decomposition and therefore, in the case of a higher number of qubits, can be considered as its generalization.

  18. Iowa State University Extension

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Iowa State University Extension, like many state university extension services, concerns itself with almost every aspect of life a person will encounter from birth to death. Even though this website is geared towards Iowans and the unique problems and opportunities they face living in a heavily rural state, this website has a lot of practical research-based information that would be helpful to people living elsewhere as well. For visitors who want to learn more about Iowa, this website will give them a unique perspective. Visitors shouldn't miss the Extension's newly launched interactive learning website by clicking on "Check ISU's Extension's Managing Tough Times Website" on the homepage. The categories covered are "Families and Households", "Businesses and Communities Surviving Economic Uncertainty" and "Farming in Today's Changing Economy". For community information, visitors should check out the Extension Information heading on the left side of the home page. Links to "Disaster Recovery", "Hotlines," "Markets", "Publications" and "Weather" are available, where visitors can listen to the latest futures market report, watch segments of a video conference on flood recovery, and find numbers for hotlines concerning teens, new farmers, horticulture and problem gambling. There are numerous publications that are available from the Extension, some of which can be purchased as hard copies and some of which can be downloaded for free. Visitors can click on the "Publications" on the left side of the page, under the "Extension Information" heading.

  19. Reflecting Magnon Bound States

    E-print Network

    Changrim Ahn; Dongsu Bak; Soo-Jong Rey

    2008-02-16

    In N=4 super Yang-Mills spin chain, we compute reflection amplitudes of magnon bound-state off giant graviton. We first compute the reflection amplitude off Y=0 brane boundary and compare it with the scattering amplitude between two magnon bound-states in the bulk. We find that analytic structure of the two amplitudes are intimately related each other: the boundary reflection amplitude is a square-root of the bulk scattering amplitude. Using such relation as a guide and taking known results at weak and strong coupling limits as inputs, we find the reflection amplitude of an elementary magnon off Z=0 giant graviton boundary. The reflection phase factor is shown to solve crossing and unitarity relations. We then compute the reflection amplitude of magnon bound-state off the Z=0 brane boundary and observe that its analytic structures are again intimately related to the bulk scattering and the Y=0 boundary reflection amplitudes. We also take dyonic giant magnon limit of these reflection amplitudes and confirm that their phase-shifts agree completely with string worldsheet computations based on complex sine-Gordon soliton scattering.

  20. Orbital State Uncertainty Realism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horwood, J.; Poore, A. B.

    2012-09-01

    Fundamental to the success of the space situational awareness (SSA) mission is the rigorous inclusion of uncertainty in the space surveillance network. The *proper characterization of uncertainty* in the orbital state of a space object is a common requirement to many SSA functions including tracking and data association, resolution of uncorrelated tracks (UCTs), conjunction analysis and probability of collision, sensor resource management, and anomaly detection. While tracking environments, such as air and missile defense, make extensive use of Gaussian and local linearity assumptions within algorithms for uncertainty management, space surveillance is inherently different due to long time gaps between updates, high misdetection rates, nonlinear and non-conservative dynamics, and non-Gaussian phenomena. The latter implies that "covariance realism" is not always sufficient. SSA also requires "uncertainty realism"; the proper characterization of both the state and covariance and all non-zero higher-order cumulants. In other words, a proper characterization of a space object's full state *probability density function (PDF)* is required. In order to provide a more statistically rigorous treatment of uncertainty in the space surveillance tracking environment and to better support the aforementioned SSA functions, a new class of multivariate PDFs are formulated which more accurately characterize the uncertainty of a space object's state or orbit. The new distribution contains a parameter set controlling the higher-order cumulants which gives the level sets a distinctive "banana" or "boomerang" shape and degenerates to a Gaussian in a suitable limit. Using the new class of PDFs within the general Bayesian nonlinear filter, the resulting filter prediction step (i.e., uncertainty propagation) is shown to have the *same computational cost as the traditional unscented Kalman filter* with the former able to maintain a proper characterization of the uncertainty for up to *ten times as long* as the latter. The filter correction step also furnishes a statistically rigorous *prediction error* which appears in the likelihood ratios for scoring the association of one report or observation to another. Thus, the new filter can be used to support multi-target tracking within a general multiple hypothesis tracking framework. Additionally, the new distribution admits a distance metric which extends the classical Mahalanobis distance (chi^2 statistic). This metric provides a test for statistical significance and facilitates single-frame data association methods with the potential to easily extend the covariance-based track association algorithm of Hill, Sabol, and Alfriend. The filtering, data fusion, and association methods using the new class of orbital state PDFs are shown to be mathematically tractable and operationally viable.

  1. Southern States` Routing Agency Report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-02-01

    The Southern States` Routing Agency Report is a compendium of 16-southern states` routing programs and authorities for high-level radioactive materials transportation. The report includes the identification of each state`s designated routing agency and state legislation and regulations pertaining specifically to the shipment routing of high-level radioactive materials. Using information collected and compiled by the Hazardous Materials Information Group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the report also addresses local government routing restrictions for high-level radioactive materials transportation. Whether local or state routing restrictions have been legally challenged and found to be inconsistent and preempted by the federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Act of 1974 (49 App. USC. 1801 et seq.) is noted. Finally, the state agency and contact designated by each state`s governor to receive advance notification and shipment routing information under 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 71 and 73 is listed.

  2. Cluster-state creation in liquid-state NMR

    E-print Network

    Choy, Jennifer T

    2007-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is devoted to a class of multiparticle entangled states known as the cluster-states. In particular, we focused on a system of four spins and studied the entanglement properties of a four-qubit ...

  3. Distinguishing exotic states from scattering states in lattice QCD

    E-print Network

    Sigaev, Dmitry

    2008-01-01

    This work explores the problem of distinguishing potentially interesting new exotic states in QCD from conventional scattering states using lattice QCD, and addresses the specific case of the search for localized resonances ...

  4. State Energy Alternatives: Alternative Energy Resources by State

    DOE Data Explorer

    This U.S. map provides state by state information on incentives and laws related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles. Discover what's available in each state for innovation grants, infrastructure grants, and production grants and who to contact. Find out how many alternative refueling stations are available in each state and where they are. Tennessee, for example, in 2009, has 114 alternative refueling stations: 36 biodiesel, 1 electrical, 29 ethanol, 4 natural gas, and 44 propane. There are also 5 Truck Stop Electrification (TSE) sites in Tennessee. Users can also find out from this map interface the contacts for Clean Cities in a state, information about renewable energy projects and activities in each state, fuel prices across a state, and biomass potential resources and current production in each state.

  5. Distributed State Space Generation of Discrete-State Stochastic Models

    E-print Network

    Ciardo, Gianfranco

    Distributed State Space Generation of Discrete-State Stochastic Models Gianfranco Ciardo Joshua-8795, USA {ciardo, jgluc, nicol}@cs.wm.edu Abstract High-level formalisms such as stochastic Petri nets can

  6. Middle States Commission on Higher Middle States Team Visit

    E-print Network

    Bieber, Michael

    Middle States Commission on Higher Education: Middle States Team Visit Presentation, operational, and unit- level planning goals Institutional resources: Increase awareness of processes: Integrate into academic programs Faculty: Ensure success with Phase I of hiring plan; advance women

  7. Distinguishability of maximally entangled states

    E-print Network

    Ghosh, S; Roy, A; Sarkar, D; Ghosh, Sibasish; Kar, Guruprasad; Roy, Anirban; Sarkar, Debasis

    2002-01-01

    In $2 \\otimes 2$, more than two orthogonal Bell states with single copy can never be discriminated with certainty if only local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are allowed. We generalize this result to $d \\otimes d$, where we show that any $d$ number of orthogonal maximally entangled states can always be discriminated with certainty by LOCC. But more than $d$ maximally orthogonal entangled states can never be discriminated with certainty when a single copy of the states is provided. Interestingly we show that all orthogonal maximally entangled states can be discriminated with certainty if and only if two copies of the states are provided.

  8. On the Disentanglement of States

    E-print Network

    Tal Mor

    1998-12-09

    Disentanglement is the process which transforms a state $\\rho$ of two subsystems into an unentangled state, while not effecting the reduced density matrices of each of the two subsystems. Recently Terno showed that an arbitrary state cannot be disentangled into a tensor product of its reduced density matrices. In this letter we present various novel results regarding disentanglement of states. Our main result is that there are sets of states which cannot be successfuly disentangled (not even into a separable state). Thus, we prove that a universal disentangling machine cannot exist.

  9. Quantum signatures of Chimera states

    E-print Network

    V. M. Bastidas; I. Omelchenko; A. Zakharova; E. Schll; T. Brandes

    2015-05-11

    Chimera states are complex spatiotemporal patterns in networks of identical oscillators, characterized by the coexistence of synchronized and desynchronized dynamics. Here we propose to extend the phenomenon of chimera states to the quantum regime, and uncover intriguing quantum signatures of these states. We calculate the quantum fluctuations about semiclassical trajectories and demonstrate that chimera states in the quantum regime can be characterized by bosonic squeezing, weighted quantum correlations, and measures of mutual information. Our findings reveal the relation of chimera states to quantum information theory, and give promising directions for experimental realization of chimera states in quantum systems.

  10. Cluster-state quantum computation

    E-print Network

    Michael A. Nielsen

    2005-07-01

    This article is a short introduction to and review of the cluster-state model of quantum computation, in which coherent quantum information processing is accomplished via a sequence of single-qubit measurements applied to a fixed quantum state known as a cluster state. We also discuss a few novel properties of the model, including a proof that the cluster state cannot occur as the exact ground state of any naturally occurring physical system, and a proof that measurements on any quantum state which is linearly prepared in one dimension can be efficiently simulated on a classical computer, and thus are not candidates for use as a substrate for quantum computation.

  11. (F,D p) bound states from the boundary state

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Di Vecchia; M. Frau; A. Lerda; A. Liccardo

    2000-01-01

    We use the boundary state formalism to provide the full conformal description of (F,Dp) bound states. These are BPS configurations that arise from a superposition of a fundamental string and a Dp-brane, and are charged under both the NSNS antisymmetric tensor and the (p+1)-form RR potential. We construct the boundary state for these bound states by switching on a constant

  12. Realizing Controllable Quantum States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takayanagi, Hideaki; Nitta, Junsaku

    1. Entanglement in solid states. Orbital entanglement and violation of bell inequalities in mesoscopic conductors / M. Bttiker, P. Samuelsson and E. V. Sukhoruk. Teleportation of electron spins with normal and superconducting dots / O. Sauret, D. Feinberg and T. Martin. Entangled state analysis for one-dimensional quantum spin system: singularity at critical point / A. Kawaguchi and K. Shimizu. Detecting crossed Andreev reflection by cross-current correlations / G. Bignon et al. Current correlations and transmission probabilities for a Y-shaped diffusive conductor / S. K. Yip -- 2. Mesoscopic electronics. Quantum bistability, structural transformation, and spontaneous persistent currents in mesoscopic Aharonov-Bohm loops / I. O. Kulik. Many-body effects on tunneling of electrons in magnetic-field-induced quasi one-dimensional systems in quantum wells / T. Kubo and Y. Tokura. Electron transport in 2DEG narrow channel under gradient magnetic field / M. Hara et al. Transport properties of a quantum wire with a side-coupled quantum dot / M. Yamaguchi et al. Photoconductivity- and magneto-transport studies of single InAs quantum wires / A. Wirthmann et al. Thermoelectric transports in charge-density-wave systems / H. Yoshimoto and S. Kurihara -- 3. Mesoscopic superconductivity. Parity-restricted persistent currents in SNS nanorings / A. D. Zaikin and S. V. Sharov. Large energy dependence of current noise in superconductingh/normal metal junctions / F. Pistolesi and M. Houzet. Generation of photon number states and their superpositions using a superconducting qubit in a microcavity / Yu-Xi Liu, L. F. Wei and F. Nori. Andreev interferometry for pumped currents / F. Taddei, M. Governale and R. Fazio. Suppression of Cooper-pair breaking against high magnetic fields in carbon nanotubes / J. Haruyama et al. Impact of the transport supercurrent on the Josephson effect / S. N. Shevchenko. Josephson current through spin-polarized Luttinger liquid / N. Yokoshi and S. Kurihara -- 4. Mesoscopic superconductivity with unconventional superconductor or ferromagnet. Ultraefficient microrefrigerators realized with ferromagnet-superconductor junctions / F. Giazotto et al. Anomalous charge transport in triplet superconductor junctions by the synergy effect of the proximity effect and the mid gap Andreev resonant states / Y. Tanaka and S. Kashiwaya. Paramagnetic and glass states in superconductive YBa[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] ceramics of sub-micron scale grains / H. Deguchi et al. Quantum properties of single-domain triplet superconductors / A. M. Gulian and K. S. Wood. A numerical study of Josephson current in p wave superconducting junctions / Y. Asano et al. Tilted bi-crystal sapphire substrates improve properties of grain boundary YBa[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] junctions and extend their Josephson response to THZ frequencies / E. Stepantsov et al. Circuit theory analysis of AB-plane tunnel junctions of unconventional superconductor Bi[symbol]Sr[symbol]Ca[symbol]Cu[symbol]O[symbol] / I. Shigeta et al. Transport properties of normal metal/anisotropic superconductor junctions in the eutectic system Sr[symbol]RuO[symbol]Ru / M. Kawamura et al. Macroscopic quantum tunneling in d-wave superconductor Josephson / S. Kawabata et al. Quasiparticle states of high-T[symbol] oxides observed by a Zeeman magnetic field response / S. Kashiwaya et al. Experimentally realizable devices for controlling the motion of magnetic flux quanta in anisotropic superconductors: vortex lenses, vortex diodes and vortex pumps / S. Savel'ev and F. Nori. Stability of vortex-antivortex "molecules" in mesoscopic superconducting triangles / V. R. Misko et al. Superconducting network with magnetic decoration - Hofstadter butterfly in spatially modulated magnetic field / Y. Iye et al. Observation of paramagnetic supercurrent in mesoscopic superconducting rings and disks using multiple-small-tunnel-junction method / A. Kanda et al. Guidance of vortices in high-T[stmbol] superconducting thin films with special arrangements of antidots / R. Werdenweber, P. Dymashevsk

  13. State Leadership for School Improvement: An Analysis of Three States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louis, Karen Seashore; Thomas, Emanda; Gordon, Molly F.; Febey, Karen S.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Extant reports on states' policy differences are mostly descriptive and largely ignore the pervasive role of political culture on their educational policy-making processes. This article examines the effect of policy culture on states' policy-making mechanisms. There is evidence that a state's political culture is a significant mediating

  14. The State and Private Education: Interdependence and State Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrickson, Robert M.; Mangum, Ronald Scott

    Explored are the various kinds and degrees of interdependence between private colleges and state governments. An overview examines the meaning of "private," and the legal relationships are analyzed: Supreme Court Decisions, the state action doctrine, sifting facts and weighing circumstances, and case law trends toward state action. Categories of

  15. States of Consciousness and State-Specific Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tart, Charles T.

    1972-01-01

    Proposes the development of state-specific sciences" to overcome the problems of scientifically studying altered states of consciousness induced by drugs or meditation from the paradigm of the ordinary consciousness state. The requirements of good observation, public nature of the observation, logical theorizing, and testing of theories by

  16. STATE SOIL GEOGRAPHIC (STATSGO) DATA BASE FOR THECOTERNIMOUS UNITED STATES

    EPA Science Inventory

    USSOILS is an Arc 7.0 coverage containing hydrology-relevant information for 10,498 map units covering the entire conterminous United States. The coverage was compiled from individual State coverages contained in the October 1994 State Soil Geographic (STATSGO) Data Base produce...

  17. STATE OF THE STATES: FUEL CELLS IN AMERICA

    E-print Network

    to advance the fuel cell industry in the United States. The rewards will be worth the effort: job creation and Renewable Energy Fuel Cells Technologies Program. About This Report The information contained in this report Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE). It is a follow-up to the 2010 report, State of the States

  18. SF State Attrition Study, October 2012 SF State Attrition Study

    E-print Network

    SF State Attrition Study, October 2012 Page 1 October 2012 SF State Attrition Study Fall 2005 Full s t i t u t i o n a l R e s e a r c h a i r . s f s u . e d u #12;SF State Attrition Study, October .................................................. 17 Attrition by Semester

  19. States' Progress and Challenges in Implementing Common Core State Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kober, Nancy; Rentmer, Diane Stark

    2011-01-01

    Most states are participating in the initiative led by the National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers to develop and adopt voluntary common core state standards that will outline what elementary and secondary school students are expected to learn in English language arts and mathematics. Implementing these

  20. State-by-State Profile of Community Colleges, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Madeline

    This document presents an overview of trends and statistics pertaining to community colleges. The opening charts offer a national view of population served, tuition and revenue data, and popular degrees and career fields. The state-by-state section provides detailed information on each of the 50 states, plus the Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico.

  1. From Graph States to Two-Graph States

    E-print Network

    Constanza Riera; Stephane Jacob; Matthew G. Parker

    2008-01-30

    The name graph state is used to describe a certain class of pure quantum state which models a physical structure on which one can perform measurement-based quantum computing, and which has a natural graphical description. We present the two-graph state, this being a generalisation of the graph state and a two-graph representation of a stabilizer state. Mathematically, the two-graph state can be viewed as a simultaneous generalisation of a binary linear code and quadratic Boolean function. It describes precisely the coefficients of the pure quantum state vector resulting from the action of a member of the local Clifford group on a graph state, and comprises a graph which encodes the magnitude properties of the state, and a graph encoding its phase properties. This description facilitates a computationally efficient spectral analysis of the graph state with respect to operations from the local Clifford group on the state, as all operations can be realised graphically. By focusing on the so-called local transform group, which is a size 3 cyclic subgroup of the local Clifford group over one qubit, and over $n$ qubits is of size $3^n$, we can efficiently compute spectral properties of the graph state.

  2. Can State Intervention Spur Academic Turnaround? State Intervention, Spring 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McRobbie, Joan

    Many states are adopting results-oriented school accountability systems. Some of the difficult issues that states are working through as they set up and implement strategies for academic intervention are discussed in this report. The report examines the "machinery" that needs to be in place to enable and support a program of state intervention

  3. United States Climate Normals

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ross, Douglas P.

    2002-01-01

    The National Climate Data Center has recently released weather data from the last thirty years, which is used by forecasters to compare day-to-day normal conditions. The daily and monthly reports are available for download in ASCII or PDF formats and include data on such things as average daily temperatures and precipitation from nearly 8,000 weather stations in the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the U.S. Pacific Islands. Everyone from researchers to those users interested in weather in their hometown will find the information provided valuable.

  4. Altered States of Consciousness

    PubMed Central

    Butts, June Dobbs

    1978-01-01

    Medicine, sex, and religion are presented as related areas of human thought and behavior in which people traditionally have sought temporary release from daily living. In essence, these areas represent a search for altered states of consciousness. The harmful way is through drug addiction. Five common characteristics are cited for the three areas. Examples of their universality are traceable by their omnipresence and their appearance in most childhood gamesespecially those taking on sexual nuanceswhich are usually hidden from adults. If Eastern knowledge and control of bodily processes were geared to Western technology, mankind would benefit. PMID:712866

  5. State of the Cities

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2000-01-01

    The report finds that while "the booming national economy and the growth of high-tech jobs have helped reverse decades of decline in America's cities," the "digital divide" continues to make itself felt as the number of high-tech jobs is growing 30 percent faster in the suburbs than urban areas. In addition, housing prices have risen at twice the rate of inflation, worsening an affordable housing shortage. See also the New Data section in this report for a review of the State of the Cities Data System, 2000.

  6. Solid state electrochemical cell

    SciTech Connect

    Bannister, D.J.

    1984-09-11

    A solid state electrochemical cell comprises an anode having Li as its active material, a cathode and an electrolyte comprising a complex of a polyether with lithium. The polyether is atactic, has a low glass transition temperature and is capable of forming a complex with Li/sup +/ ions but not with Na/sup +/ ions. An example of such a polyether is polyvinyl methyl ether. The complex may be blended with another polymer such as a poly (ethyleneoxide) LiClO/sub 4/ comples to improve mechanical properties for fabrication into the enectrolyte.

  7. Illinois State Geological Survey

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Illinois State Geological Survey (ISGS) homepage provides information on geologic mapping, earthquakes, fossils, groundwater, wetlands, glacial geology, bedrock geology, and Lake Michigan geology. Educational materials include field trip guides, short publications on Illinois geology for students and teachers, online tours, single-page maps, and a geologic column. Other materials include databases and collections of GIS data, well records, drill cores, and mining information; a bibliography of Illinois geology; online maps and data; and information on water and land use, resource development, and geologic hazards.

  8. Entanglement of localized states

    SciTech Connect

    Giraud, O.; Martin, J.; Georgeot, B. [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Universite Toulouse III, CNRS, 31062 Toulouse (France)

    2007-10-15

    We derive exact expressions for the mean value of Meyer-Wallach entanglement Q for localized random vectors drawn from various ensembles corresponding to different physical situations. For vectors localized on a randomly chosen subset of the basis, tends for large system sizes to a constant which depends on the participation ratio, whereas for vectors localized on adjacent basis states it goes to zero as a constant over the number of qubits. Applications to many-body systems and Anderson localization are discussed.

  9. Solid state oxygen sensor

    DOEpatents

    Garzon, Fernando H. (Sante Fe, NM); Chung, Brandon W. (Los Alamos, NM); Raistrick, Ian D. (Los Alamos, NM); Brosha, Eric L. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1996-01-01

    Solid state oxygen sensors are provided with a yttria-doped zirconia as an electrolyte and use the electrochemical oxygen pumping of the zirconia electrolyte. A linear relationship between oxygen concentration and the voltage arising at a current plateau occurs when oxygen accessing the electrolyte is limited by a diffusion barrier. A diffusion barrier is formed herein with a mixed electronic and oxygen ion-conducting membrane of lanthanum-containing perovskite or zirconia-containing fluorite. A heater may be used to maintain an adequate oxygen diffusion coefficient in the mixed conducting layer.

  10. State of the Land

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This excellent new site, from the US Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service, "provides data on land use and change, soil erosion and soil quality, water quality, wetlands, and other issues regarding the conservation and use of natural resources on non-Federal land in the United States." The site is searchable by keyword and is organized into five main sections: People on the Land; Analysis Maps & Publications; Water Quality, Wetlands; Cropping, Grazing Land; and NRCS National Conservation Priorities. Each main section offers further information on that topic, and hyperlinks take readers to related sites.

  11. Generalized states in SFT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonora, L.; Giaccari, S.

    2013-12-01

    The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

  12. Generalized states in SFT

    E-print Network

    Bonora, Loriano

    2013-01-01

    The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \\`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

  13. Generalized states in SFT

    E-print Network

    Loriano Bonora; Stefano Giaccari

    2013-10-18

    The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \\`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

  14. NC State Physics Demonstrations

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The physics department at North Carolina State University has created this very fine list of online physics demonstration manuals that will be quite a boon to physics educators in high schools and colleges. Visitors can search 28 online demonstration manuals simultaneously or they can also choose to look over a demonstrations bibliography that contains over 7500 references. Those who just wish to browse around can scroll down the page to look within each manual separately. Also, visitors may also wish to check out the public lecture demonstration shows offered on the site, along with a collection of links to professional organizations, including The American Association of Physics Teachers.

  15. Paraboson coherent states

    SciTech Connect

    Chakrabarti, R. [University of Madras, Department of Theoretical Physics (India); Stoilova, N. I.; Van der Jeugt, J., E-mail: joris.vanderjeugt@ugent.b [Ghent University, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science (Belgium)

    2010-02-15

    It is known that the defining relations of the orthosymplectic Lie superalgebra osp(1 | 2n) are equivalent to the defining (triple) relations of n pairs of paraboson operators b{sub i}{sup {+-}.} In particular, the 'parabosons of order p' correspond to a unitary irreducible (infinite-dimensional) lowest weight representation V(p) of osp(1 | 2n). Recently we constructed these representations V(p) giving the explicit actions of the osp(1 | 2n) generators. We apply these results for the n = 2 case in order to obtain 'coherent state' representations of the paraboson operators.

  16. Solid state devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    The Solid State Device research program is directed toward developing innovative devices for space remote and in-situ sensing, and for data processing. Innovative devices can result from the standard structures in innovative materials such as low and high temperature superconductors, strained layer superlattices, or diamond films. Innovative devices can also result from innovative structures achieved using electron tunneling or nanolithography in standard materials. A final step is to use both innovative structures and innovative materials. A new area of emphasis is the miniaturization of sensors and instruments molded by using the techniques of electronic device fabrication to micromachine silicon into micromechanical and electromechanical sensors and actuators.

  17. Solid state thermal engine

    SciTech Connect

    Wayman, C.M.

    1981-01-27

    An improved solid state thermal engine utilizes as a drive member a braided belt fabricated from a memory alloy such as nickel-titanium and nickel-titanium ternary alloys, copper-zinc and copper-zinc ternary alloys, and the like. The braided belt is mounted on a set of pulleys to provide passage through a hot zone where the belt contracts and develops tension, and through a cold zone where it relaxes and stretches. Since more energy is delivered by contraction than is required for relaxation, positive work output results with an efficiency of between onefifth and one-third of the carnot cycle.

  18. Strongly correlated surface states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alexandrov, Victor A.

    Everything has an edge. However trivial, this phrase has dominated theoretical condensed matter in the past half a decade. Prior to that, questions involving the edge considered to be more of an engineering problem rather than a one of fundamental science: it seemed self-evident that every edge is different. However, recent advances proved that many surface properties enjoy a certain universality, and moreover, are 'topologically' protected. In this thesis I discuss a selected range of problems that bring together topological properties of surface states and strong interactions. Strong interactions alone can lead to a wide spectrum of emergent phenomena: from high temperature superconductivity to unconventional magnetic ordering; interactions can change the properties of particles, from heavy electrons to fractional charges. It is a unique challenge to bring these two topics together. The thesis begins by describing a family of methods and models with interactions so high that electrons effectively disappear as particles and new bound states arise. By invoking the AdS/CFT correspondence we can mimic the physical systems of interest as living on the surface of a higher dimensional universe with a black hole. In a specific example we investigate the properties of the surface states and find helical spin structure of emerged particles. The thesis proceeds from helical particles on the surface of black hole to a surface of samarium hexaboride: an f-electron material with localized magnetic moments at every site. Interactions between electrons in the bulk lead to insulating behavior, but the surfaces found to be conducting. This observation motivated an extensive research: weather the origin of conduction is of a topological nature. Among our main results, we confirm theoretically the topological properties of SmB6; introduce a new framework to address similar questions for this type of insulators, called Kondo insulators. Most notably we introduce the idea of Kondo band banding (KBB): a modification of edges and their properties due to interactions. We study (chapter 5) a simplified 1D Kondo model, showing that the topology of its ground state is unstable to KBB. Chapter 6 expands the study to 3D: we argue that not only KBB preserves the topology but it could also explain the experimentally observed anomalously high Fermi velocity at the surface as the case of large KBB effect.

  19. State Energy Program in Hawaii

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2003-05-01

    The Hawaii Strategic Industry Division administers DOE's State Energy Program in Hawaii. The division's current accomplishments include establishing a Model Energy Code for the state, instituting a successful solar program, and making energy performance contracts available for government facilities.

  20. A Tornado in My State?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

    Students will analyze data of tornadoes throughout the United States. They will create a bar graph of the number of tornadoes for the top ten states in the country and then calculate the median and the mode of the data.

  1. On States and State Operators on Certain Basic Algebras

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Botur, Michal; Khr, Jan; Rach?nek, Ji?

    2014-10-01

    The paper is based on the authors' talks given at the 11th IQSA Meeting in Cagliari; it deals with states and state operators (internal states) on basic algebras which are a generalization of MV-algebras and orthomodular lattices, also including lattice effect algebras. On the one hand, the paper is a survey of some previous results on states and state operators on commutative basic algebras, and on the other one, an extension of these results to the much larger class of basic algebras where the addition ? distributes over the lattice meet ?.

  2. State of the Salmon

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Salmon, like many other species of fish, know no political boundaries. In effect, this makes it hard for humans to craft detailed and meaningful policies for the survival and health of these important creatures. The State of the Salmon is an international consortium that is "dedicated to improving understanding of salmon status and trends across the North Pacific--and building a knowledge network that can inform salmon conservation and management decisions in the future." Given this broad range of cooperation, visitors will not be surprised to find that much of the material featured on the site is available in Russian, English, and Chinese. The materials on the site are divided into several sections, including "Monitoring", "Data & Maps", "Status & Trends", and "Collaborate". The "Data & Maps" area is quite useful, and it features a variety of interactive maps that document existing salmon populations and their movements. Moving on, the "Status & Trends" area provides updates on salmon population trends in Canada, Japan, Russia, and the United States. The site is rounded out by a glossary and information about the organization's basic operating principles.

  3. Supercoherent states and physical systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fatyga, B. W.; Kostelecky, V. Alan; Nieto, Michael Martin; Truax, D. Rodney

    1992-01-01

    A method is developed for obtaining coherent states of a system admitting a supersymmetry. These states are called supercoherent states. The presented approach is based on an extension to supergroups of the usual group-theoretic approach. The example of the supersymmetric harmonic oscillator is discussed, thereby illustrating some of the attractive features of the method. Supercoherent states of an electron moving in a constant magnetic field are also described.

  4. Florida State University General Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Hull, Elaine

    ...........................................13 Sexual Harassment Policy..............................13 Florida State University Statement Information ................................................19 Policy for the Use of Photographs and Videos

  5. FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL BULLETIN

    E-print Network

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    Sexual Harassment Policy................................9 Florida State University Statement for Students Information ................................................15 Policy for the Use of Photographs and Videos

  6. State preparation by photon filtering

    E-print Network

    G. M. D'Ariano; L. Maccone; M. G. A. Paris; M. F. Sacchi

    1999-06-21

    We propose a setup capable of generating Fock states of a single mode radiation field. The scheme is based on coupling the signal field to a ring cavity through cross-Kerr phase modulation, and on conditional ON-OFF photodetection at the output cavity mode. The same setup allows to prepare selected superpositions of Fock states and entangled two-mode states. Remarkably, the detector's quantum efficiency does not affect the reliability of the state synthesis.

  7. Covariant Closed String Coherent States

    SciTech Connect

    Hindmarsh, Mark; Skliros, Dimitri [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton, East Sussex BN1 9QH (United Kingdom)

    2011-02-25

    We give the first construction of covariant coherent closed string states, which may be identified with fundamental cosmic strings. We outline the requirements for a string state to describe a cosmic string, and provide an explicit and simple map that relates three different descriptions: classical strings, light cone gauge quantum states, and covariant vertex operators. The resulting coherent state vertex operators have a classical interpretation and are in one-to-one correspondence with arbitrary classical closed string loops.

  8. Objective Reality of Pointer States

    E-print Network

    Tabish Qureshi

    2015-06-16

    It is shown that the nature of quantum states that emerge from decoherence is such that one can {\\em measure} the expectation value of any observable of the system in a single measurement. This can be done even when such pointer states are a priori unknown. The possibility of measuring the expectation value of any observable, without any prior knowledge of the state, points to the objective existence of such states.

  9. Sequence-invariant state machines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sterling R. Whitaker; Shamanna K. Manjunath; Gary K. Maki

    1991-01-01

    A synthesis method and an MOS VLSI architecture are presented to realize sequential circuits that have the ability to implement any state machine having N states and m inputs, regardless of the actual sequence specified in the flow table. The design method utilizes binary tree structured logic to implement regular and dense circuits. The desired state sequence can be hardwired

  10. Sequence-invariant state machines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sterling R. Whitaker; Shamanna K. Manjunath; Gary K. Maki

    1991-01-01

    A synthesis method and an MOS VLSI architecture are presented to realize sequential circuits that have the ability to implement any state machine having N states and m inputs, regardless of the actual sequence specified in the flow table. The design method utilizes binary tree structured (BTS) logic to implement regular and dense circuits. The desired state sequence can be

  11. Distinguishibility of the Bell states

    E-print Network

    Ghosh, S; Roy, A; De, A S; Sen, U; Ghosh, Sibasish; Kar, Guruprasad; Roy, Anirban; De, Aditi Sen; Sen, Ujjwal

    2001-01-01

    More than two multipartite orthogonal states cannot always be discriminated (with certainty) if only local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are allowed. Using an existing inequality among the measures of entanglement, we show that any three Bell states cannot be discriminated by LOCC. Exploiting the inequality, we calculate the distillable entanglement of a certain class of (4\\otimes 4) mixed states.

  12. TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES The intent of these policies is to provide Truman State University students, faculty and staff with maximum opportunity and space to advertise approved or other methods of advertising. Advertising of events at Truman State University is limited to recognized

  13. STATE OF CALIFORNIA STANDARD AGREEMENT

    E-print Network

    'S NAME State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission (Energy Commission) CONTRACTOR is either the start date or the approval date by the Dept. of General Services, whichever is later. No work OF PERSON SIGNING ADDRESS STATE OF CALIFORNIA AGENCY NAME State Energy Resources Conservation

  14. Entrepreneurship and State Public Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven F. Kreft; Elham Mafi-Kreft

    2007-01-01

    Many state and local governments have focused on enacting policies to promote entrepreneurship in an effort to enhance economic growth. This paper will test the relationship between entrepreneurial activity and state economic freedom in a Granger causality framework. We build a panel data set of freedom scores and entrepreneurial activity measures within the fifty US states from 1981 to 2003,

  15. Distinguishability of the Bell states

    E-print Network

    Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy; Aditi Sen De; Ujjwal Sen

    2001-07-03

    More than two multipartite orthogonal states cannot always be discriminated (with certainty) if only local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are allowed. Using an existing inequality among the measures of entanglement, we show that any three Bell states cannot be discriminated by LOCC. Exploiting the inequality, we calculate the distillable entanglement of a certain class of (4\\otimes 4) mixed states.

  16. Wayne State School of Medicine

    E-print Network

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    Wayne State School of Medicine Health Insurance Information Packet 2013 - 2014 #12;Table Application 30 #12;WAYNE STATE UN[VERSIT'T' SCHOOL OF MEDICINE Health Insurance Policy All medical students at 877 742 2758 or email msmsagency@msms.org #12;Wayne State School of Medicine: 2013-2014 $250 Per

  17. State Requirements for Educational Facilities

    E-print Network

    Meyers, Steven D.

    of Education, Office of Educational Facilities home page: http://www.fldoe.org/edfacil/ Florida Building CodeState Requirements for Educational Facilities 2012 Florida Department of Education Office of Educational Facilities #12;#12;State Requirements for Educational Facilities 2012 Adopted by the State Board

  18. Quantum tomography via equidistant states

    E-print Network

    C. Paiva-Snchez; E. Burgos-Inostroza; O. Jimnez; A. Delgado

    2009-10-30

    We study the possibility of performing quantum state tomography via equidistant states. This class of states allows us to propose a non-symmetric informationally complete POVM based tomographic scheme. The scheme is defined for odd dimensions and involves an inversion which can be analytically carried out by Fourier transform.

  19. NAEP 1998 Writing State Reports

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ballator, Nada.

    1999-01-01

    On September 28, 1999, the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) released a major report. This offering from the NCES is a collection of customized State Reports from the NAEP. Each report contains an introduction to the NAEP, a description of the assessment methods, an overview of results for public schools, and comparisons of that state with other participating states.

  20. On the States of Aggregation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. F. Herzfeld; Maria Goeppert-Mayer

    1934-01-01

    The problem of investigating systematically the possible states of aggregation has not yet been attacked. It has been approached here in the hope of getting a deeper insight into the nature of the liquid state. After a discussion of the general methods, a simplified one-dimensional model is introduced. It was possible to find the exact equation of state. However, it

  1. Impurity states between two bands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. J. Rehr; W. Kohn

    1974-01-01

    It is shown that an impurity state in a one-dimensional periodic potential can be associated uniquely with one of the bands between which its energy level lies. If the procedure of Kohn and Onffroy is then used to construct the generalized Wannier functions (GWF), equivalent to the scattering states and bound states associated with a given band, it is found

  2. FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES

    E-print Network

    SH 11 .A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES ^ 1951 &ch 3. \\^ ^/' m:^ STATISTICAL DIGEST. Farley, Director Statistical Digest 30 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1951 BY A. W. ANDERSON;Fishery Statistics of the United States and Alaska are compiled and published annually to make available

  3. A logarithmic equation of state

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J.-P Poirier; A. Tarantola

    1998-01-01

    The isothermal Eulerian BirchMurnaghan equation of state is currently used in geophysics, despite its recognized shortcomings for very large compressive strains. We propose an equation of state constructed from the Hencky logarithmic strain, rather than from the Eulerian strain. The logarithmic equation of state has a simple expression and is valid in a greater range of pressures than the BirchMurnaghan

  4. Transition state in atomic physics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles Jaff; David Farrelly; T. Uzer

    1999-01-01

    The transition state is fundamental to modern theories of reaction dynamics: essentially, the transition state is a structure in phase space that all reactive trajectories must cross. While transition-state theory (TST) has been used mainly in chemical physics, it is possible to apply the theory to considerable advantage in any collision problem that involves some form of reaction. Of special

  5. WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PROFESSIONAL RECORD

    E-print Network

    Baskaran, Mark

    WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY PROFESSIONAL RECORD DATE PREPARED: March 2011 NAME: Abbott, Philip S_________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 1. TEACHING: Years at Wayne State: 40 years Courses Taught at Wayne State (last five years. Zundel "Human Rights and Self Managed Economy" 1987 Louay Safi "Modern Islamic Movements: The Case

  6. Truman State University COUNSELING SERVICES

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    Truman State University COUNSELING SERVICES Annual Report June 2008 May 2009 Prepared by Brian/785-7444 (fax) http://ucs.truman.edu Truman State University COUNSELING SERVICES Annual Report 2008/09 Truman State University Counseling Services Annual Report 2 Goals for 2008/09 Planning for student affairs

  7. Truman State University COUNSELING SERVICES

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    Truman State University COUNSELING SERVICES Annual Report June 2007 May 2008 Prepared by Brian/785-7444 (fax) http://ucs.truman.edu Truman State University COUNSELING SERVICES Annual Report 2007-08 Truman State University Counseling Services Annual Report 2 Goals for 2007/08 Planning for student affairs

  8. States Trend toward Performance Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hermes, Jim

    2012-01-01

    As college completion becomes a priority, more state legislatures are challenging community colleges to demonstrate progress by tying funding measures to institutional performance. Tom Harnisch, a policy analyst with the American Association of State Colleges and Universities, reports that 17 states are currently implementing or considering the

  9. Controlled remote state preparation protocols via AKLT states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Lin Lin; Hwang, Tzonelih

    2014-07-01

    In this paper, we proposed two controlled remote state preparation of an arbitrary single-qubit state schemes one for deterministic controlled remote state preparation the other for probabilistic controlled-joint remote state preparation with 2/3 probability. Both of them used the Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki (AKLT) state which consisted of bulk spin-1's and two spin-12's at the ends. Up to now, no RSP protocols using AKLT gapped ground states as a shared quantum resource had been presented thus far and Fan et al. showed the other AKLT property was that if we performed a Bell measurement on bulk, then a maximally entangled state would be shared by two ends. We utilized these properties to develop our controlled protocols.

  10. Office of the Secretary of State: Rhode Island State Library

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Far more than a collection of basic government documents, the Rhode Island State Library website is a nice resource for anyone seeking to learn more about the Ocean State. The materials here are divided into three main sections: "Research Tools", "Publications", and "Everything RI". In "Research Tools", users will find executive orders issued by the governor, annual reports, as well as state regulations and rules. Moving on, the "Publications" area contains some colorful historical documents, including the Rhode Island Royal Charter of 1663 and the state constitution. Finally, the "Everything RI" area contains documents that narrate the state's history, such as "State Symbols", "Famous Rhode Islanders", "Rhode Island Landmarks", and "City & Town Incorporation Dates". Just for reference, some of the notable persons from the Ocean State include George M. Cohan, Anne Hutchinson, and baseball legend Nap Lajoie.

  11. Typical entanglement of stabilizer states

    E-print Network

    Graeme Smith; Debbie Leung

    2006-12-15

    How entangled is a randomly chosen bipartite stabilizer state? We show that if the number of qubits each party holds is large the state will be close to maximally entangled with probability exponentially close to one. We provide a similar tight characterization of the entanglement present in the maximally mixed state of a randomly chosen stabilizer code. Finally, we show that typically very few GHZ states can be extracted from a random multipartite stabilizer state via local unitary operations. Our main tool is a new concentration inequality which bounds deviations from the mean of random variables which are naturally defined on the Clifford group.

  12. On Nonlinear Bosonic Coherent States

    E-print Network

    Marco Genovese; Francesco A. Raffa; Mario Rasetti

    2011-12-30

    Nonlinear coherent states are an interesting resource for quantum technologies. Here we investigate some critical features of the single-boson nonlinear coherent states, which are theoretically constructed as eigenstates of the annihilation operator and experimentally realized as stationary states of a trapped laser-driven ion. We show that the coherence and the minimum-uncertainty properties of such states are broken for values of the Lamb-Dicke parameter corresponding to the roots of the Laguerre polynomials, which enter their explicit expression. The case of the multiboson nonlinear coherent states is also discussed.

  13. Optimal broadcasting of mixed states

    SciTech Connect

    Dang Guifang; Fan Heng [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)

    2007-08-15

    The N to M (M{>=}N) universal quantum broadcasting of mixed states {rho}{sup xN} is proposed for a qubit system. The broadcasting of mixed states is universal and optimal in the sense that the shrinking factor is independent of the input state and achieves the upper bound. The quantum broadcasting of mixed qubits is a generalization of the universal quantum cloning machine for identical pure input states. A pure state decomposition of the identical mixed qubits {rho}{sup xN} is obtained.

  14. Kansas State University Herbarium

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2006-01-01

    Located in Manhattan, Kansas, Kansas State University is well-known for their various agricultural outreach programs, and their Herbarium is a fascinating place for botanists and the general public. For those who can't make a trip out to Kansas, they also have a nice website. Visitors to the site can start by looking over the "Information" section, which includes information on the history of the Herbarium, along with offering up a nice answer to the question, "What is an herbarium?" Moving on, visitors can also query their online database of plant species from Kansas and learn about their forthcoming Central Great Plains Network. The site is rounded out with a list of contact information and other noteworthy links.

  15. The State Hermitage Museum

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    IBM and the Hermitage Museum present this Website to showcase the vast collections of the State Museum of Russia, founded by Catherine the Great in 1764. A highlight is the Digital Collection, a database of high resolution images of museum artifacts, grouped into twelve browseable categories, such as Paintings, Prints and Drawings; Jewellery; and Machinery and Mechanisms. These categories are further organized in appropriate subdivisions such as artist and title under paintings, and country under machinery. Eventually, IBM Query by Image Content (QBIC) technology will be implemented at the site to allow users to search for images by associating color and shapes. Currently, visitors can take the Virtual Tour, which proceeds through over 20 rooms of the museum, such as the Library of Nicholas II and the Michelangelo Room, observing both the architecture of the Hermitage and artworks on display.

  16. [Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state].

    PubMed

    Rybka, Jaroslav; Mistrk, Jergu

    2015-05-01

    The hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) is a serious acute complication of diabetes decompensation, especially in type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and with critical prognosis. Primary characteristics of HHS include extreme hyperglycemia, severe dehydration (with prerenal hyperazotaemia), plasma hyperosmolarity, frequent disorders of consciousness, absent or minimum ketoacidosis (with higher values, only found in combined forms). Both DKA and HHS have a common pathogenetic mechanism, but both states are opposite extreme deviations, and the boundaries between them are not entirely clear. Significant hyperglycemia is at the forefront of HHS, while ketoacidosis dominates in DKA. Various etiopathogenic mechanisms of the onset and development of HHS are discussed, but a clear explanation of the absence of ketoacidosis in HHS is lacking. The most frequent cause of HHS is serious cardiovascular disease, acute stroke, particularly genitourinary and/or respiratory infections, conditions preventing the patient from adequate water intake during osmotic diuresis, the consequences of inappropriate medication therapy, social conditions, and last but not least, it is often the first manifestation especially in type 2 diabetes. The clinical picture is influenced mainly by dehydration, while circulatory changes can lead to heart or circulatory failure and renal insufficiency. HHS is the cause of frequent disturbances of consciousness, and a cerebrovascular event should always be considered. Given the seriousness of HHS prognosis, timely comprehensive and properly guided therapy is of major prognostic significance. HHS treatment (rehydration, insulin therapy, ion substitution) is governed by similar rules as the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis, but it also varies in many respects. Particular attention should be paid mainly to the control of dehydration. The patient with HHS should always be admitted to the intensive care unit. The most serious complications include cardiovascular complications, acute renal failure, thrombotic events and infectious complications. Given the still high mortality of patients with HHS the research focuses not only on the uncertainties concerning etiopathogenesis, but particularly on establishing safe and effective therapeutic strategies. PMID:26075855

  17. Probabilistic cloning of equidistant states

    SciTech Connect

    Jimenez, O.; Roa, Luis; Delgado, A. [Center for Optics and Photonics, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 4016, Concepcion (Chile); Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile)

    2010-08-15

    We study the probabilistic cloning of equidistant states. These states are such that the inner product between them is a complex constant or its conjugate. Thereby, it is possible to study their cloning in a simple way. In particular, we are interested in the behavior of the cloning probability as a function of the phase of the overlap among the involved states. We show that for certain families of equidistant states Duan and Guo's cloning machine leads to cloning probabilities lower than the optimal unambiguous discrimination probability of equidistant states. We propose an alternative cloning machine whose cloning probability is higher than or equal to the optimal unambiguous discrimination probability for any family of equidistant states. Both machines achieve the same probability for equidistant states whose inner product is a positive real number.

  18. New Hadronic States at BESIII

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bennett, Jake

    2015-04-01

    Recent discoveries of charged charmonium-like states have generated a great deal of interest in the particle physics community. The simplest interpretation of the quark model of charmonium, in which states consist of bound charm-anticharm quark pairs, is remarkably successful in describing the experimental results for states below D D threshold. Within the last decade, however, many new and unexpected states, collectively called XYZ states, have been discovered in the higher mass charmonium spectrum. Several of these states do not appear to be consistent with the simple quark-antiquark interpretation of charmonium. In addition to its world leading samples of J / ? and ?' decays, the BESIII collaboration has collected a significant amount of data for the study of XYZ states. In this talk, I will review some of the recent experimental results in hadron spectrocopy from the BESIII collaboration, with a particular emphasis on XYZ studies.

  19. United States, Capitals and Abbreviations

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mr. Ribera

    2009-04-22

    Students will use the links below to practice locating, naming, and spelling the 50 U.S.States, Capitals and Abbreviation. Go to these different websites to test your skills and knowledge on states and capitals. Be sure to visit every site. They each have different ways to study. #1 States and Capitals Spelling Practice #2 Practice States and Capitals #3 United States Map Puzzle #4 Where is That?! Practice spelling of state and capital names. #5 State Abbreviations Practice Abbreviations Want to listen to Wakko's America song? Click on the first video below. Wakko s America

  20. Southern States' Routing Agency Report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-02-01

    The Southern States' Routing Agency Report is a compendium of 16-southern states' routing programs and authorities for high-level radioactive materials transportation. The report includes the identification of each state's designated routing agency and state legislation and regulations pertaining specifically to the shipment routing of high-level radioactive materials. Using information collected and compiled by the Hazardous Materials Information Group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the report also addresses local government routing restrictions for high-level radioactive materials transportation. Whether local or state routing restrictions have been legally challenged and found to be inconsistent and preempted by the federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Act of 1974 (49 App. USC. 1801 et seq.) is noted. Finally, the state agency and contact designated by each state's governor to receive advance notification and shipment routing information under 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 71 and 73 is listed.

  1. Negative Binomial and Multinomial States: probability distributions and coherent states

    E-print Network

    Hong-Chen Fu; Ryu Sasaki

    1996-10-16

    Following the relationship between probability distribution and coherent states, for example the well known Poisson distribution and the ordinary coherent states and relatively less known one of the binomial distribution and the $su(2)$ coherent states, we propose ``interpretation'' of $su(1,1)$ and $su(r,1)$ coherent states ``in terms of probability theory''. They will be called the ``negative binomial'' (``multinomial'') ``states'' which correspond to the ``negative'' binomial (multinomial) distribution, the non-compact counterpart of the well known binomial (multinomial) distribution. Explicit forms of the negative binomial (multinomial) states are given in terms of various boson representations which are naturally related to the probability theory interpretation. Here we show fruitful interplay of probability theory, group theory and quantum theory.

  2. Fake state attack on practically decoy state quantum key distribution

    E-print Network

    Yong-gang Tan

    2012-02-15

    In this paper, security of practically decoy state quantum key distribution under fake state attack is considered. If quantum key distribution is insecure under this type of attack, decoy sources can not also provide it with enough security. Strictly analysis shows that Eve should eavesdrop with the aid of photon-number-resolving instruments. In practical implementation of decoy state quantum key distribution where statistical fluctuation is considered, however, Eve can attack it successfully with threshold detectors.

  3. State-to-state dissociation dynamics in CF3NO

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. D. Bower; R. W. Jones; P. L. Houston

    1983-01-01

    The state-to-state dissociation dynamics of CF3NO have been investigated by exciting the parent compound in a supersonic jet expansion with one tunable laser and monitoring the state distribution of the NO fragment by one- or two-photon laser-induced fluorescence using a second tunable laser. At the lowest levels of excitation, CF3NO dissociates to give an NO distribution which is consistent with

  4. State-to-State Dynamics of Elementary Bimolecular Reactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xueming Yang

    2007-01-01

    The study of state-to-state dynamics of elementary bimolecular reactions has provided remarkable insights into chemical reactivity at the most fundamental level. This review covers exciting developments in this important field in the past decade. I focus on recent studies of quantum-state-resolved molecular-beam reactive-scattering studies of elementary chemical reactions, from triatomic to polyatomic systems. Researchers have made great advances in the

  5. Construction of quantum states by special superpositions of coherent states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adam, P.; Molnar, E.; Mogyorosi, G.; Varga, A.; Mechler, M.; Janszky, J.

    2015-06-01

    We consider the optimal approximation of certain quantum states of a harmonic oscillator with the superposition of a finite number of coherent states in phase space placed either on an ellipse or on a certain lattice. These scenarios are currently experimentally feasible. The parameters of the ellipse and the lattice and the coefficients of the constituent coherent states are optimized numerically, via a genetic algorithm, in order to obtain the best approximation. It is found that for certain quantum states the obtained approximation is better than the ones known from the literature thus far.

  6. Probability state modeling theory.

    PubMed

    Bagwell, C Bruce; Hunsberger, Benjamin C; Herbert, Donald J; Munson, Mark E; Hill, Beth L; Bray, Chris M; Preffer, Frederic I

    2015-07-01

    As the technology of cytometry matures, there is mounting pressure to address two major issues with data analyses. The first issue is to develop new analysis methods for high-dimensional data that can directly reveal and quantify important characteristics associated with complex cellular biology. The other issue is to replace subjective and inaccurate gating with automated methods that objectively define subpopulations and account for population overlap due to measurement uncertainty. Probability state modeling (PSM) is a technique that addresses both of these issues. The theory and important algorithms associated with PSM are presented along with simple examples and general strategies for autonomous analyses. PSM is leveraged to better understand B-cell ontogeny in bone marrow in a companion Cytometry Part B manuscript. Three short relevant videos are available in the online supporting information for both of these papers. PSM avoids the dimensionality barrier normally associated with high-dimensionality modeling by using broadened quantile functions instead of frequency functions to represent the modulation of cellular epitopes as cells differentiate. Since modeling programs ultimately minimize or maximize one or more objective functions, they are particularly amenable to automation and, therefore, represent a viable alternative to subjective and inaccurate gating approaches. 2015 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry. PMID:26012929

  7. United States West Coast

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    On Thursday (Feb. 14, 2002), the cloud cover that often overshadows the western United States this time of year broke to provide those at the Olympic Games with a beautiful day. The nearly cloud-free day was captured by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASAs Terra spacecraft. A thick layer of snow blankets northernmost Nevada, northern Utah, most of Idaho and western Wyoming. The snow surrounds and highlights Utahs Great Salt Lake. Just south of the lake, clouds can be seen hovering over southern Utah. (In general, clouds appear streaky and uneven on a satellite image, and snow cover appears solid with definable borders.) North of the Great Salt Lake, one can clearly discern the light gray Northern Rocky Mountains cutting through Idaho and up into Canada. Moving southwest, the spine-like Sierra Nevada mountains separate the greenery of Southern California from the brown deserts of Arizona and Nevada. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  8. Relativistic Bound States

    SciTech Connect

    Ritchie, A B

    2005-12-12

    The Hamiltonian for Dirac's second-order equation depends nonlinearly on the potential V and the energy E. For this reason the magnetic contribution to the Hamiltonian for s-waves, which has a short range, is attractive for a repulsive Coulomb potential (V > 0) and repulsive for an attractive Coulomb potential (V < 0). Previous studies are confined to the latter case, where strong net attraction near a high-Z nucleus accelerates electrons to velocities close to the speed of light. The Hamiltonian is linear in the product EV/mc{sup 2}. Usually solutions are found in the regime E = mc{sup 2} + {var_epsilon}, where except for high Z, |{var_epsilon}| << mc{sup 2}. Here they show that for V > 0 the attractive magnetic term and the repulsive linear term combine to support a bound state at E = 0.5 mc{sup 2} corresponding to a binding energy E{sub b} = -{var_epsilon} = 0.5 mc{sup 2}.

  9. Creating the United States

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    As with other countries, the United States is very much a "work in progress". Of course, the nation's founders made a concerted effort to form a republic that would be able to govern effectively across a large geographic region and a plethora of different cultural traditions. This thoughtful and introspective online exhibit from the Library of Congress brings together a set of interactive resources and activities organized around themes that include "Creating the Declaration of Independence" and "Creating the Bill of Rights". Clicking on these themes will bring visitors to a brief narrative essay that sets the tone for the primary and secondary historical documents within each area. Here visitors will find such gems as an early map of the Appalachians, woodcuts of early Presidents, and the musings of Thomas Paine, among many others. Moving on, visitors should not miss the "Interactives" area. Here they can test their mettle by connecting particular phrases and ideas set down in the Declaration of Independence with the key texts that preceded it. And if visitors aren't stumped there (or even if they are), they can try the same tasks with the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. After a visit to this site, some may even find themselves dusting off their old civics textbooks or at least planning a trip to a local government facility for further edification.

  10. Distinguishability of maximally entangled states

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Sibasish; Kar, Guruprasad; Roy, Anirban [Institute of Mathematical Sciences, CIT Campus, Taramani, Chennai 600113 (India); Sarkar, Debasis [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Calcutta, 92 APC Road, Kolkata 700009 (India)

    2004-08-01

    In 2x2, more than two orthogonal Bell states with a single copy can never be discriminated with certainty if only local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are allowed. We show here that more than d numbers of pairwise orthogonal maximally entangled states in dxd, which are in canonical form, used by Bennett et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895 (1993)], can never be discriminated with certainty by LOCC, when single copies of the states are provided. Interestingly we show here that all orthogonal maximally entangled states, which are in canonical form, can be discriminated with certainty by LOCC if and only if two copies of each of the states are provided. We provide here a conjecture regarding the highly nontrivial problem of local distinguishability of any d or fewer numbers of pairwise orthogonal maximally entangled states in dxd (in the single copy case)

  11. Distinguishability of maximally entangled states

    E-print Network

    Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy; Debasis Sarkar

    2003-11-17

    In $2 \\otimes 2$, more than 2 orthogonal Bell states with single copy can never be discriminated with certainty if only local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are allowed. More than $d$ orthogonal maximally entangled states in $d \\otimed d$, which are in cannonical form, used by Bennett et. al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 (1993) 1895] can never be discriminated with certainty when a single copy of the states is provided. Interestingly we show that all orthogonal maximally entangled states, which are in cannonical form, can be discriminated with certainty if and only if two copies of each of the states are provided. The highly nontrivial problem of local discrimination of $d$ or less no. of pairwise orthogonal maximally entangled states in $d \\otimes d$ (in single copy case), which are in cannonical form, is also discussed.

  12. Coherent States and Bayesian Duality

    E-print Network

    S. Twareque Ali; J. -P. Gazeau; B. Heller

    2008-03-15

    We demonstrate how large classes of discrete and continuous statistical distributions can be incorporated into coherent states, using the concept of a reproducing kernel Hilbert space. Each family of coherent states is shown to contain, in a sort of duality, which resembles an analogous duality in Bayesian statistics, a discrete probability distribution and a discretely parametrized family of continuous distributions. It turns out that nonlinear coherent states, of the type widely studied in quantum optics, are a particularly useful class of coherent states from this point of view, in that they contain many of the standard statistical distributions. We also look at vector coherent states and multidimensional coherent states as carriers of mixtures of probability distributions and joint probability distributions.

  13. United States Vital Records Information

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Amateur genealogists beginning their searches through the vital records at the state or county level will find useful resources on this web site. Organized by state and then by county, these pages present instructions on how to make inquiries concerning vital records. In addition to general guidelines on what data to include in a request for birth, marital, and death records, each state's page has addresses for both state and county records offices and information about fees. All fifty states and several US possessions are included. There are also links to other local and national genealogy resources, as well as state and local historical societies, which can often be a good source for genealogical information.

  14. Topological cluster state quantum computing

    E-print Network

    Austin G. Fowler; Kovid Goyal

    2009-02-25

    The quantum computing scheme described in Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190504 (2007), when viewed as a cluster state computation, features a 3-D cluster state, novel adjustable strength error correction capable of correcting general errors through the correction of Z errors only, a threshold error rate approaching 1% and low overhead arbitrarily long-range logical gates. In this work, we review the scheme in detail framing discussion solely in terms of the required 3-D cluster state and its stabilizers.

  15. Local cloning of entangled states

    SciTech Connect

    Gheorghiu, Vlad; Yu Li [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Cohen, Scott M. [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Department of Physics, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15282 (United States)

    2010-08-15

    We investigate the conditions under which a set S of pure bipartite quantum states on a DxD system can be locally cloned deterministically by separable operations, when at least one of the states is full Schmidt rank. We allow for the possibility of cloning using a resource state that is less than maximally entangled. Our results include that: (i) all states in S must be full Schmidt rank and equally entangled under the G-concurrence measure, and (ii) the set S can be extended to a larger clonable set generated by a finite group G of order |G|=N, the number of states in the larger set. It is then shown that any local cloning apparatus is capable of cloning a number of states that divides D exactly. We provide a complete solution for two central problems in local cloning, giving necessary and sufficient conditions for (i) when a set of maximally entangled states can be locally cloned, valid for all D; and (ii) local cloning of entangled qubit states with nonvanishing entanglement. In both of these cases, we show that a maximally entangled resource is necessary and sufficient, and the states must be related to each other by local unitary 'shift' operations. These shifts are determined by the group structure, so need not be simple cyclic permutations. Assuming this shifted form and partially entangled states, then in D=3 we show that a maximally entangled resource is again necessary and sufficient, while for higher-dimensional systems, we find that the resource state must be strictly more entangled than the states in S. All of our necessary conditions for separable operations are also necessary conditions for local operations and classical communication (LOCC), since the latter is a proper subset of the former. In fact, all our results hold for LOCC, as our sufficient conditions are demonstrated for LOCC, directly.

  16. B States at the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect

    Paulini, Manfred; /Carnegie Mellon U.

    2009-06-01

    The CDF and D0 experiments have produced a wealth of heavy flavor physics results since the beginning of RunII of the Fermilab Tevatron. They review recent measurements of B hadron states including excited B states (B**, B{sub s}**) and the B{sub c}{sup +} meson. They also summarize the discoveries of the {Sigma}{sub b} baryon states and the {Xi}{sub b}{sup -} baryon.

  17. FREE QUASI-FREE STATES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dimitri Shlyakhtenko

    1997-01-01

    this paper free analogs of the quasi-free states on the CARand CCR algebras.Quasi-free states are important in mathematics and physics, and a vastbody of literature exists (a partial list includes [2, 1, 3, 7, 17, 22], see alsothe references in [7]). In particular, quasi-free states on the CAR algebragive rise, via the GNS construction, to the Araki-Woods factors. Thesefactors are

  18. Experimental purification of coherent states

    E-print Network

    Ulrik L. Andersen; Radim Filip; Jaromir Fiurasek; Vincent Josse; Gerd Leuchs

    2006-02-20

    We propose a scheme for optimal Gaussian purification of coherent states from several imperfect copies. The proposal is experimentally demonstrated for the case of two copies of a coherent state sent through independent noisy channels. Our purification protocol relies on only linear optics and an ancilla vacuum state, rendering this approach an interesting alternative to the more complex protocols of entanglement distillation and quantum error correction.

  19. Self-testing graph states

    E-print Network

    Matthew McKague

    2010-10-11

    We give a construction for a self-test for any connected graph state. In other words, for each connected graph state we give a set of non-local correlations that can only be achieved (quantumly) by that particular graph state and certain local measurements. The number of correlations considered is small, being linear in the number of vertices in the graph. We also prove robustness for the test.

  20. Dominant multi-state systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jinsheng Huang; Ming J. Zuo

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a definition of the dominant multi-state system. Under the proposed definition, multi-state systems are divided into two groups without reference to component relevancy conditions: dominant systems, and nondominant systems. Dominant systems can be further divided into two groups: with binary image, and without binary image. A multi-state system with binary image implies that its structure

  1. New and conventional bottomonium states

    E-print Network

    Jin Li

    2012-09-19

    Recent progress on the bottomonium states is reported. This talk briefly reviews the observation of $h_b(1P), h_b(2P), Z_{b1}^+, Z_{b2}^+$ states, transition of $h_b(nP)\\to \\eta_b(mS)\\gamma$ and new studies on the $\\eta_b(2S)$ state. Other $\\eta$ and $\\pi^+\\pi^-$ transitions of $\\Upsilon(nS)$ are also discussed.

  2. Adiabatic Cluster State Quantum Computing

    E-print Network

    Dave Bacon; Steven T. Flammia

    2010-01-15

    Models of quantum computation are important because they change the physical requirements for achieving universal quantum computation (QC). For example, one-way QC requires the preparation of an entangled "cluster" state followed by adaptive measurement on this state, a set of requirements which is different from the standard quantum circuit model. Here we introduce a model based on one-way QC but without measurements (except for the final readout), instead using adiabatic deformation of a Hamiltonian whose initial ground state is the cluster state. This opens the possibility to use the copious results from one-way QC to build more feasible adiabatic schemes.

  3. State observer for synchronous motors

    DOEpatents

    Lang, Jeffrey H. (Waltham, MA)

    1994-03-22

    A state observer driven by measurements of phase voltages and currents for estimating the angular orientation of a rotor of a synchronous motor such as a variable reluctance motor (VRM). Phase voltages and currents are detected and serve as inputs to a state observer. The state observer includes a mathematical model of the electromechanical operation of the synchronous motor. The characteristics of the state observer are selected so that the observer estimates converge to the actual rotor angular orientation and velocity, winding phase flux linkages or currents.

  4. Semiclassical states for quantum cosmology

    E-print Network

    Viqar Husain; Oliver Winkler

    2006-07-23

    In a metric variable based Hamiltonian quantization, we give a prescription for constructing semiclassical matter-geometry states for homogeneous and isotropic cosmological models. These "collective" states arise as infinite linear combinations of fundamental excitations in an unconventional "polymer" quantization. They satisfy a number of properties characteristic of semiclassicality, such as peaking on classical phase space configurations. We describe how these states can be used to determine quantum corrections to the classical evolution equations, and to compute the initial state of the universe by a backward time evolution.

  5. Tetraquark state and multibody interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deng, Chengrong; Ping, Jialun; Wang, Fan; Goldman, T.

    2010-10-01

    The tetraquark states with diquark-anti-diquark configuration have been studied in the flux-tube model, in which the multibody confinement is used. In this model approach, the states Y(2175), f0(600), f0(980), and X(1576) can be assigned as tetraquark states. They are color confinement resonances with three-dimension structure. This study suggests that the multibody confinement should be employed in the quark model study of multiquark states instead of the additive two-body confinement.

  6. Semiclassical states for quantum cosmology

    SciTech Connect

    Husain, Viqar; Winkler, Oliver [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3 (Canada); Perimeter Institute of Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON (Canada)

    2007-01-15

    In a metric variable based Hamiltonian quantization, we give a prescription for constructing semiclassical matter-geometry states for homogeneous and isotropic cosmological models. These 'collective' states arise as infinite linear combinations of fundamental excitations in an unconventional polymer quantization. They satisfy a number of properties characteristic of semiclassicality, such as peaking on classical phase space configurations. We describe how these states can be used to determine quantum corrections to the classical evolution equations, and to compute the initial state of the universe by a backward time evolution.

  7. Single electron states in polyethylene

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Y. [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China) [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); MacKernan, D. [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)] [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Cubero, D., E-mail: dcubero@us.es, E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); Departmento de Fsica Aplicada I, Universidad de Sevilla, Calle Virgen de Africa 7, 41011 Seville (Spain); Coker, D. F. [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland) [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Department of Chemistry, Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Quirke, N., E-mail: dcubero@us.es, E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); Department of Chemistry, Imperial College, London SW7 2AY (United Kingdom)

    2014-04-21

    We report computer simulations of an excess electron in various structural motifs of polyethylene at room temperature, including lamellar and interfacial regions between amorphous and lamellae, as well as nanometre-sized voids. Electronic properties such as density of states, mobility edges, and mobilities are computed on the different phases using a block Lanczos algorithm. Our results suggest that the electronic density of states for a heterogeneous material can be approximated by summing the single phase density of states weighted by their corresponding volume fractions. Additionally, a quantitative connection between the localized states of the excess electron and the local atomic structure is presented.

  8. State Inference in Variational Bayesian Nonlinear State-Space Models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tapani Raiko; Matti Tornio; Antti Honkela; Juha Karhunen

    2006-01-01

    Nonlinear source separation can be performed by inferring the state of a nonlinear state-space model. We study and improve the inference algorithm in the variational Bayesian blind source separation model introduced by Valpola and Karhunen in 2002. As comparison methods we use extensions of the Kalman filter that are widely used in- ference methods in tracking and control theory. The

  9. California Report Card 2008: The State of the State's Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Children Now, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The California Report Card provides a clear, complete and concise picture of the state of the state's children along with recommendations for how we can better support our children through new and improved public policies. It assigns letter grades to such key indicators as health insurance, oral health, asthma, mental health, infant health,

  10. Analyzing persistent state interactions to improve state management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chad Verbowski; Emre Kiciman; Brad Daniels; Yi-min Wang; Roussi Roussev; Shan Lu; Juhan Lee

    2006-01-01

    A primary challenge to building reliable and secure computer systems is managing the persistent state of the system: all the executable files, configuration settings and other data that govern how a system functions. The difficulty comes from the sheer volume of this persistent state, the frequency of changes to it, and the variety of workloads and requirements that require customization

  11. Portland State University Library Portland State University Archives

    E-print Network

    Daescu, Dacian N.

    Portland State University Library Portland State University Archives Excellence Innovation Success," she has helped build an archive that is accessible and interesting for students, faculty. The University Archives, under Cris Paschild's direction, aims to represent PSU's legacy as a diverse urban

  12. New Hampshire State Climate Office Mary D. Stampone, State Climatologist

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    New Hampshire State Climate Office Mary D. Stampone, State Climatologist University of New-862-4362 mary.stampone@unh.edu http://www.unh.edu/stateclimatologist/ 2011 Another top ten warmest for New year in New Hampshire since official records began in 1895. Although the year began below normal

  13. State Tobacco Control Program Spending - United States, 2011.

    PubMed

    Huang, Jidong; Walton, Kimp; Gerzoff, Robert B; King, Brian A; Chaloupka, Frank J

    2015-06-26

    Evidence-based, statewide tobacco control programs that are comprehensive, sustained, and accountable reduce smoking rates and tobacco-related diseases and deaths. States that made larger investments in tobacco prevention and control have seen larger declines in cigarettes sales than the United States as a whole, and the prevalence of smoking has declined faster as spending for tobacco control programs has increased. CDC's Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs (Best Practices) outlines the elements of an evidence-based state tobacco control program and provides recommended state funding levels to substantially reduce tobacco-related disease, disability, and death. To analyze states' spending in relation to program components outlined within Best Practices, CDC assessed state tobacco control programs' expenditures for fiscal year 2011. In 2011, states spent approximately $658 million on tobacco control and prevention, which accounts for less than 3% of the states' revenues from the sale of tobacco products and only 17.8% of the level recommended by CDC. Evidence suggests that funding tobacco prevention and control efforts at the levels recommended in Best Practices could achieve larger and more rapid reductions in tobacco use and associated morbidity and mortality. PMID:26110838

  14. STATE OF CALIFORNIA STATE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT

    E-print Network

    1 STATE OF CALIFORNIA STATE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION In the Matter of and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program (AB 118) Investment Plan Proceeding 10-ALT-01. Presiding Presiding: Karen Douglas Associate: David Hochschild Bottle Rock Complaint Proceeding Proceeding 12-CAI-04

  15. STATE OF FLORIDA LOYALTY OATH I, , a citizen of the State of , county of _, in United States

    E-print Network

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    the Constitution of the United States and of the State of Florida. PUBLIC OFFICERS A public or political officeSTATE OF FLORIDA LOYALTY OATH EmplID I, , a citizen of the State of , county of _, in United States is defined as position that is held at the local, state, or national level and is the result of a public

  16. 40 CFR 272.1800 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Ohio 272.1800 State authorization. (a) The State of Ohio is authorized to administer and enforce...State's program, as administered by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, was...

  17. 40 CFR 272.1800 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Ohio 272.1800 State authorization. (a) The State of Ohio is authorized to administer and enforce...State's program, as administered by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, was...

  18. 40 CFR 272.1800 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Ohio 272.1800 State authorization. (a) The State of Ohio is authorized to administer and enforce...State's program, as administered by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, was...

  19. 40 CFR 272.1800 - State authorization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Ohio 272.1800 State authorization. (a) The State of Ohio is authorized to administer and enforce...State's program, as administered by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, was...

  20. 7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Research and Promotion Order Definitions 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of America. [31 FR 16758, Dec. 31, 1966. Redesignated at 56 FR 64472, Dec. 10,...

  1. 7 CFR 1160.104 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...in the continental United States and the District of Columbia, except that United States means the 50 states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia under the following provisions: the petition and review under section...

  2. 7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Research and Promotion Order Definitions 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of America. [31 FR 16758, Dec. 31, 1966. Redesignated at 56 FR 64472, Dec. 10,...

  3. 7 CFR 1160.104 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...in the continental United States and the District of Columbia, except that United States means the 50 states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia under the following provisions: the petition and review under section...

  4. 7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Research and Promotion Order Definitions 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of America. [31 FR 16758, Dec. 31, 1966. Redesignated at 56 FR 64472, Dec. 10,...

  5. 7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Research and Promotion Order Definitions 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of America. [31 FR 16758, Dec. 31, 1966. Redesignated at 56 FR 64472, Dec. 10,...

  6. 7 CFR 1160.104 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...in the continental United States and the District of Columbia, except that United States means the 50 states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia under the following provisions: the petition and review under section...

  7. 7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Research and Promotion Order Definitions 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of America. [31 FR 16758, Dec. 31, 1966. Redesignated at 56 FR 64472, Dec. 10,...

  8. 7 CFR 1160.104 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...in the continental United States and the District of Columbia, except that United States means the 50 states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia under the following provisions: the petition and review under section...

  9. 7 CFR 1160.104 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...in the continental United States and the District of Columbia, except that United States means the 50 states of the United States of America and the District of Columbia under the following provisions: the petition and review under section...

  10. 42 CFR 457.50 - State plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES Introduction; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies 457.50 State plan. The State plan is a comprehensive written...

  11. 42 CFR 457.50 - State plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES Introduction; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies 457.50 State plan. The State plan is a comprehensive written...

  12. 42 CFR 457.50 - State plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES Introduction; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies 457.50 State plan. The State plan is a comprehensive written...

  13. 22 CFR 120.13 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS 120.13 United States. United States, when used in the geographical sense, includes the several states, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico,...

  14. Distinguishability of maximally entangled states

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy; Debasis Sarkar

    2004-01-01

    In 2?2 , more than two orthogonal Bell states with a single copy can never be discriminated with certainty if only local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are allowed. We show here that more than d numbers of pairwise orthogonal maximally entangled states in d?d , which are in canonical form, used by Bennett et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 70,

  15. TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES The intent of these policies is to provide Truman State University students, faculty and staff with maximum opportunity and space to advertise approved or other methods of advertising. Anything publicized on the University campus by a student organization

  16. Pariah states and nuclear proliferation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harkavy

    2009-01-01

    A new international actor - the pariah state - has mounted the global stage in recent years. Although rough historical precedents may be discerned, the present international system appears to have produced a novel phenomenon, whereby some isolated small states, lacking assured and credible outside security support, find themselves unable to take advantage of traditional balance-of-power mechanisms. Taiwan, South Africa,

  17. Conclusive Exclusion of Quantum States

    E-print Network

    Somshubhro Bandyopadhyay; Rahul Jain; Jonathan Oppenheim; Christopher Perry

    2014-07-10

    In the task of quantum state exclusion we consider a quantum system, prepared in a state chosen from a known set. The aim is to perform a measurement on the system which can conclusively rule that a subset of the possible preparation procedures can not have taken place. We ask what conditions the set of states must obey in order for this to be possible and how well we can complete the task when it is not. The task of quantum state discrimination forms a subclass of this set of problems. Within this paper we formulate the general problem as a Semidefinite Program (SDP), enabling us to derive sufficient and necessary conditions for a measurement to be optimal. Furthermore, we obtain a necessary condition on the set of states for exclusion to be achievable with certainty and give a construction for a lower bound on the probability of error. This task of conclusively excluding states has gained importance in the context of the foundations of quantum mechanics due to a result of Pusey, Barrett and Rudolph (PBR). Motivated by this, we use our SDP to derive a bound on how well a class of hidden variable models can perform at a particular task, proving an analogue of Tsirelson's bound for the PBR experiment and the optimality of a measurement given by PBR in the process. We also introduce variations of conclusive exclusion, including unambiguous state exclusion, and state exclusion with worst case error.

  18. Resting State Networks and Consciousness

    PubMed Central

    Heine, Lizette; Soddu, Andrea; Gmez, Francisco; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey; Tshibanda, Luaba; Thonnard, Marie; Charland-Verville, Vanessa; Kirsch, Murielle; Laureys, Steven; Demertzi, Athena

    2012-01-01

    In order to better understand the functional contribution of resting state activity to conscious cognition, we aimed to review increases and decreases in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) functional connectivity under physiological (sleep), pharmacological (anesthesia), and pathological altered states of consciousness, such as brain death, coma, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome, and minimally conscious state. The reviewed resting state networks were the DMN, left and right executive control, salience, sensorimotor, auditory, and visual networks. We highlight some methodological issues concerning resting state analyses in severely injured brains mainly in terms of hypothesis-driven seed-based correlation analysis and data-driven independent components analysis approaches. Finally, we attempt to contextualize our discussion within theoretical frameworks of conscious processes. We think that this lesion approach allows us to better determine the necessary conditions under which normal conscious cognition takes place. At the clinical level, we acknowledge the technical merits of the resting state paradigm. Indeed, fast and easy acquisitions are preferable to activation paradigms in clinical populations. Finally, we emphasize the need to validate the diagnostic and prognostic value of fMRI resting state measurements in non-communicating brain damaged patients. PMID:22969735

  19. State Assumption of Educational Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Charles S.

    This paper critically examines some of the ways in which schools are currently financed and argues for State assumption of educational costs as a viable alternative. The document begins with a description of current school district revenue sources and discusses the official division of responsibility for school finance between the State and local

  20. Taking Constitutionalism Beyond the State

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neil Walker

    2008-01-01

    In recent years, the idea that constitutional modes of government are exclusive to states has become the subject both of sustained challenge and of strong defence. This is due to the development at new regional and global sites of decision-making capacities of a scale and intensity often associated with the demand for constitutional governance at state level, to the supply

  1. Markov Monitoring with Unknown States

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smyth, Padhraic

    1993-01-01

    Pattern recognition methods and hidden Markov models can be effective tools for online health monitoring of communications systems. Previous work has assumed that the states in the system model are exhaustive. This can be a significant drawback in real-world fault monitoring applications where it is difficult if not impossible to model all the possible fault states of the system in advance.

  2. Coherent states in quantum cosmology

    E-print Network

    S. Robles-Perez; Y. Hassouni; P. F. Gonzalez-Diaz

    2007-09-20

    In the realm of a quantum cosmological model for dark energy in which we have been able to construct a well-defined Hilbert space, a consistent coherent state representation has been formulated that may describe the quantum state of the universe and has a well-behaved semiclassical limit.

  3. Dynamical ensembles in stationary states

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Gallavotti; E. G. D. Cohen

    1995-01-01

    We propose, as a generalization of an idea of Ruelle's to describe turbulent fluid flow, a chaotic hypothesis for reversible dissipative many-particle systems in nonequilibrium stationary states in general. This implies an extension of the zeroth law of thermodynamics to nonequilibrium states and it leads to the identification of a unique distribution ? describing the asymptotic properties of the time

  4. Simple pulse asynchronous state machines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey Miller; Woodward Yang

    1996-01-01

    Pulse computation is a hybrid of conventional analog and digital techniques which encodes and processes information in the time domain. In this paper we present a new technique for pulse computation with simple pulse-driven, asynchronous finite state machines. Asynchronous FSMs are robust and timescale-independent, and can be used as building blocks for constructing complex pulse processors. The notion of state

  5. A Distributed Multiarea State Estimation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George N. Korres

    2011-01-01

    N the regulated environment, the power system was owned and operated by local utilities using their own control area. After the deregulation of the power systems, those utilities have been releasing operational control of their transmission grids to form ISOs\\/RTOs, while maintaining their own state estimators (SE) over their own areas. The determination of the state over the whole system

  6. Elevate America's State Voucher Strategy

    E-print Network

    Bernstein, Phil

    Elevate America's State Voucher Strategy to Promote Employability Lessons Learned April 2011 #12 ...............................................................................................................................15 Additional information about Elevate America is available at: http://microsoft.com/elevateamerica #12;2 Elevate America's State Voucher Strategy to Promote Employability Preface On February 22, 2009

  7. OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL REQUEST TO DETERMINE ELIGIBILITY OF TRANSFER CREDITS FROM earned Gr. = course grade El. = Eligible to be used on a graduate program of study (Graduate School Typed Name Signature Date APPROVED - Graduate School Signature Date #12;GRADUATE SCHOOL OREGON STATE

  8. UNITED STATES RENAL DATA SYSTEM

    EPA Science Inventory

    The United States Renal Data System (USRDS) is a national data system that collects, analyzes, and distributes information about end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States. The USRDS is funded directly by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseas...

  9. Cyberterrorism: Postmodern State of Chaos

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan Matusitz

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines cyberterrorism and its potential to create a postmodern state of chaos. In general, chaos refers to a state of extreme confusion and disorder. This analysis breaks new ground in that it describes chaos theory as a foundation for better understanding cyberterrorism and explains how chaos theory and game theory are tightly coupled. The author also contrasts modern,

  10. Cyberterrorism: Postmodern State of Chaos

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan Matusitz

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines cyberterrorism and its potential to create a postmodern state of chaos. In general, chaos refers to a state of extreme confusion and disorder. This analysis breaks new ground in that it describes chaos theory as a foundation for better understanding cyberterrorism and explains how chaos theory and game theory are tightly coupled. The author also contrasts modern,

  11. The State and Rural Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, Warren; Cocklin, Chris

    1989-01-01

    Examines relations between the state and rural systems worldwide. Notes growing international concern for declining environmental quality, implying new imperatives for international cooperation. Relates these trends to state intervention's changing nature and alternative governance systems, political economy theory respecting family farms and

  12. Standards Draw Heat in States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ujifusa, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Opponents of the Common Core State Standards are ramping up legislative pressure and public relations efforts aimed at getting states to scale back--or even abandon--the high-profile initiative, even as implementation proceeds and tests aligned with the standards loom. Critics of the common core have focused recent lobbying and media efforts on

  13. Glass for Solid State Devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bailey, R. F.

    1982-01-01

    Glass film has low intrinsic compressive stress for isolating active layers of magnetic-bubble and other solid-state devices. Solid-state device structure incorporates low-stress glasses as barrier and spacer layers. Glass layers mechanically isolate substrate, conductor, and nickel/iron layers.

  14. Christina Hulbe Portland State University

    E-print Network

    Schmittner, Andreas

    -reviewed research, representing the current state of knowledge from analyzing ALL the evidence. We are not being selective to present a certain narrow viewpoint that is at odds with the state of knowledge. #12;Weather, but it increases the effects of warming by other gases.) #12;Near Surface Air Friday, April 20, 12 This graph

  15. Formal State Constitutional Change Processesi

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald Benjamin

    Constitutional change in democracies occurs in two ways: by altering the meaning of the document through interpretation, or by altering the text of the document through amendment or revision. For the United States Constitution, change through interpretation predominates. Review of the extensive experience of the American states with \\

  16. Systems for State Science Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Mark R., Ed.; Bertenthal, Meryl W., Ed.

    2005-01-01

    In response to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), "Systems for State Science Assessment" explores the ideas and tools that are needed to assess science learning at the state level. This book provides a detailed examination of K-12 science assessment: looking specifically at what should be measured and how to measure it. Along with

  17. Boise State University Student Handbook

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Boise State University Student Handbook 2012 - 2013 Updated 11/28/2012 #12;2 Table of Contents Section 1 (page 3) Introduction About the Handbook, University Mission Statement, Student Affairs Mission - Introduction About the Handbook This handbook is intended as a tool to assist students at Boise State

  18. Electronic states in semiconductor heterostructures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Bastard; J. A. Brum

    1986-01-01

    This paper describes the electronic energy levels of semiconductor heterostructures within the envelope function scheme. Quantum well and superlattice electronic states are calculated and discussed, especially the in-plane dispersion relations. The Coulombic bound states in heterostructures (impurities, excitons) are then discussed. Finally, a brief overview of the effect of a static electric field on the carrier and exciton energy levels

  19. Energy Matters in Washington State

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    Energy Matters in Washington State Energy Matters in Washington State www.energy.wsu.edu/library/ November 2009 #12;905 Plum Street SE, Building 3 P.O. Box 43169 Olympia, Washington 98504-3169 Energy University Extension Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, Building 3, P.O. Box 43169, Olympia, Washington

  20. State estimation for mega RTOs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. P. Sakis Meliopoulos

    2002-01-01

    Control and operation of electric power system is based on the ability to determine the state of the system in real time. State estimation has been introduced in the 60s to achieve this objective. The initial implementation was based on single phase measurements and a power system model that is assumed to operate under single frequency, balanced conditions and symmetric

  1. State Activity: Minimal Competency Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pipho, Chris

    This chart summarizes the following categories of information about various states' minimum competency testing activities: (1) name of state; (2) legislation or ruling which requires testing; (3) name of organization which sets standards; (4) grade levels assessed; (5) skill areas assessed; (6) use of standards and of test results; and (7) other

  2. Washington State 1995 Data Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Office of Financial Management, Olympia.

    This document is intended to present, in tables and graphs, a diversity of information on Washington State, its people, economy, and government. The information was obtained from state and federal agencies and from private businesses. The data are organized into 11 major chapters which cover the following topics (sample subtopics in parentheses):

  3. Portland State University Sociology Department

    E-print Network

    Portland State University Sociology Department Graduate Program Application Packet Thank you for your interest in the graduate program in sociology at Portland State University. We offer bothD). ______________________________________________ Information about applying to the graduate program in sociology: Applications may be made to either

  4. Fusarium Keratitis - Multiple States, 2006

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention investigated an outbreak of corneal infections caused by Fusarium involving at least 17 states as of April, 2006. Initial outbreak reports were from Singapore and Hong Kong. Preliminary results suggest that these outbreaks may be linked ...

  5. Watershed Protection Plans State Perspective

    E-print Network

    in Texas Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board (TSSWCB) Agricultural and Silvicultural NPSWatershed Protection Plans State Perspective Texas Watershed Planning Short Course June 2, 2008 programs, and 3. current issues affecting watershed planning efforts. #12;June 2, 2008 3 Water Quality

  6. Coherent States from Combinatorial Sequences

    E-print Network

    Karol A. Penson; Allan I Solomon

    2001-11-28

    We construct coherent states using sequences of combinatorial numbers such as various binomial and trinomial numbers, and Bell and Catalan numbers. We show that these states satisfy the condition of the resolution of unity in a natural way. In each case the positive weight functions are given as solutions of associated Stieltjes or Hausdorff moment problems, where the moments are the combinatorial numbers.

  7. Intertemporal State Budgeting Bruce Baker

    E-print Network

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    Population Survey and the Consumer Expenditure Survey. Next we grow these averages using an assumed growth rate in labor productivity. Finally, year- and state-specific age-sex population estimates.S. population by age and sex in conjunction with the 1995 Census projections on state-specific age

  8. 31 CFR 800.225 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...United States or U.S. means the United States of America, the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and...entity organized under the laws of the United States of America, one of the States, the District...

  9. 31 CFR 800.225 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...United States or U.S. means the United States of America, the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and...entity organized under the laws of the United States of America, one of the States, the District...

  10. 31 CFR 800.225 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...United States or U.S. means the United States of America, the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and...entity organized under the laws of the United States of America, one of the States, the District...

  11. 31 CFR 800.225 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...United States or U.S. means the United States of America, the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and...entity organized under the laws of the United States of America, one of the States, the District...

  12. 31 CFR 800.225 - United States.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...United States or U.S. means the United States of America, the States of the United States, the District of Columbia, and...entity organized under the laws of the United States of America, one of the States, the District...

  13. Program Accounting in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costerison, Dennis, Comp.

    This booklet summarizes data on the status of planning, programming, budgeting systems (PPBS) in the United States, based on a survey conducted by the Indiana State Department of Public Instruction in June 1975. Data are presented on a state-by-state basis for 45 states; the states of Hawaii, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, and Tennessee did not respond

  14. Are cloned quantum states macroscopic?

    E-print Network

    Frwis, F

    2012-01-01

    We study quantum states produced by optimal phase covariant quantum cloners. We argue that cloned quantum superpositions are not macroscopic superpositions in the spirit of Schroedingers cat, despite their large particle number. This is indicated by calculating several measures for macroscopic superpositions from the literature, as well as by investigating the distinguishability of the two superposed cloned states. The latter rapidly diminishes when considering imperfect detectors or noisy states, and does not increase with system size. In contrast, we find that cloned quantum states itself are macroscopic, both in the sense of proposed measures and their usefulness in quantum metrology with an optimal scaling in system size. We investigate the applicability of cloned states for parameter estimation in the presence of different kinds of noise.

  15. Intermediate polars in low states

    E-print Network

    Brian Warner

    2003-10-09

    Although no intermediate polar (IP) has been observed in recent years to descend into a state of low rate of mass transfer, there are candidate stars that appear to be already in intermediate and low states. V709 Cas is probably an intermediate state IP; NSV 2872 appears to be a low state IP, and will probably resemble the long orbital period IP V1072 Tau if it returns to a high state. The enigmatic V407 Vul, which has had many interpretations as an ultra-short period binary, has many resemblances to the pre-cataclysmic variable V471 Tau, and may therefore be an IP precursor of quite long orbital period, and not yet a fully fledged cataclysmic variable.

  16. Geometry of Gaussian quantum states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Link, Valentin; Strunz, Walter T.

    2015-07-01

    We study the HilbertSchmidt measure on the manifold of mixed Gaussian states in multi-mode continuous variable quantum systems. An analytical expression for the HilbertSchmidt volume element is derived. Its corresponding probability measure can be used to study typical properties of Gaussian states. It turns out that although the manifold of Gaussian states is unbounded, an ensemble of Gaussian states distributed according to this measure still has a normalizable distribution of symplectic eigenvalues, from which unitarily invariant properties can be obtained. By contrast, we find that for an ensemble of one-mode Gaussian states based on the Bures measure the corresponding distribution cannot be normalized. As important applications, we determine the distribution and the mean value of von Neumann entropy and purity for the HilbertSchmidt measure.

  17. Properties of QBist State Spaces

    E-print Network

    D. M. Appleby; Asa Ericsson; Christopher A. Fuchs

    2011-02-11

    Every quantum state can be represented as a probability distribution over the outcomes of an informationally complete measurement. But not all probability distributions correspond to quantum states. Quantum state space may thus be thought of as a restricted subset of all potentially available probabilities. A recent publication [1] advocates such a representation using symmetric informationally complete (SIC) measurements. Building upon this work we study how this subset--quantum-state space--might be characterized. Our leading characteristic is that the inner products of the probabilities are bounded, a simple condition with nontrivial consequences. To get quantum-state space something more detailed about the extreme points is needed. No definitive characterization is reached, but we see several new interesting features over those in [1], and all in conformity with quantum theory.

  18. State tomography via weak measurements

    E-print Network

    Shengjun Wu

    2013-02-01

    Recent work has revealed that the wave function of a pure state can be measured directly and that complementary knowledge of a quantum system can be obtained simultaneously by weak measurements. However, the original scheme applies only to pure states, and it is not efficient because most of the data are discarded by post-selection. Here, we propose tomography schemes for pure states and for mixed states via weak measurements, and our schemes are more efficient because we do not discard any data. Furthermore, we demonstrate that any matrix element of a general state can be directly read from an appropriate weak measurement. The density matrix (with all of its elements) represents all that is directly accessible from a general measurement.

  19. Geometry of Gaussian quantum states

    E-print Network

    Valentin Link; Walter T. Strunz

    2015-03-09

    We study the Hilbert-Schmidt measure on the manifold of mixed Gaussian states in multi mode continuous variable quantum systems. An analytical expression for the Hilbert-Schmidt volume element is derived. Its corresponding probability measure can be used to study typical properties of Gaussian states. It turns out that although the manifold of Gaussian states is unbounded, an ensemble of Gaussian states distributed according to this measure still has a normalizable distribution of symplectic eigenvalues, from which unitarily invariant properties can be obtained. By contrast, we find that for an ensemble of one-mode Gaussian states based on the Bures measure the corresponding distribution cannot be normalized. As important applications, we determine the distribution and the mean value of von Neumann entropy and purity for the Hilbert-Schmidt measure.

  20. 33 CFR 148.217 - How can a State be designated as an adjacent coastal State?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... How can a State be designated as an adjacent coastal State? 148.217 Section 148.217 Navigation... How can a State be designated as an adjacent coastal State? (a) Adjacent coastal States are named in the notice of...

  1. Quantum Ground States as Equilibrium Particle-Vacuum Interaction States

    E-print Network

    Harold E. Puthoff

    2012-03-08

    A remarkable feature of atomic ground states is that they are observed to be radiationless in nature, despite (from a classical viewpoint) typically involving charged particles in accelerated motions. The simple hydrogen atom is a case in point. This universal groundstate characteristic is shown to derive from particle-vacuum interactions in which a dynamic equilibrium is established between radiation emission due to particle acceleration, and compensatory absorption from the zero-point fluctuations of the vacuum electromagnetic field. The result is a net radiationless ground state. This principle constitutes an overarching constraint that delineates an important feature of quantum ground states.

  2. State of the States Policy Snapshot: State Early Childhood Assessment Policies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schilder, Diane; Carolan, Megan

    2014-01-01

    Early childhood stakeholders in state departments of education are interested in knowing what child assessment measures are being used in state-funded pre-kindergarten and in kindergarten classrooms. To address this need, the Center on Enhancing Early Learning Outcomes (CEELO) performed a secondary analysis of data in the National Institute for

  3. Product-state approximations to quantum ground states

    E-print Network

    Brandao, Fernando G.S.L.

    The local Hamiltonian problem consists of estimating the ground-state energy (given by the minimum eigenvalue) of a local quantum Hamiltonian. It can be considered as a quantum generalization of constraint satisfaction ...

  4. Photo courtesy of Appalachian State University Appalachian State University

    E-print Network

    Rose, Annkatrin

    of Sustainability Matt Parsons, Graduate Assistant Published spring 2010 A comparative survey of emissions from year....................................................................................................................................................................8 Methodology 4 Report from the Appalachian State University Office of Sustainability to the American College

  5. The state energy conservation program

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    State Energy Conservation Program (SE-CP) is ahead of the game with respect to partnership grants. It logged experience recently with a joint EPA/DOE pilot program, where seven states worked on competitive solicitations that invited proposals for industrial waste minimization. It was very successful in getting some excellent projects started. They learned what to do, what not to do, etc. They put together a proposed rule that went right through the clearance process. Based on this model, SECP has confidence that it knows how to structure solicitations that yield the most for the money, both from the state and Federal perspectives. The structure draws in utilities and forces interaction with the state energy offices in multiple areas. It is hard to separate SECP`s base budget from that for EPAct implementation. DOE hopes that Congress supports its request to increase the budget for the states in 1994. The states have a growing role in implementing energy efficiency programs. The actual technology implementation and dissemination of public information is going to occur at the state level. The increased budget request is recognition of that growing role.

  6. Comparison of mixed quantum states

    E-print Network

    Shengshi Pang; Shengjun Wu

    2011-09-07

    In this article, we study the problem of comparing mixed quantum states: given $n$ unknown mixed quantum states, can one determine whether they are identical or not with an unambiguous quantum measurement? We first study universal comparison of mixed quantum states, and prove that this task is generally impossible to accomplish. Then, we focus on unambiguous comparison of $n$ mixed quantum states arbitrarily chosen from a set of $k$ mixed quantum states. The condition for the existence of an unambiguous measurement operator which can produce a conclusive result when the unknown states are actually the same and the condition for the existence of an unambiguous measurement operator when the unknown states are actually different are studied independently. We derive a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of the first measurement operator, and a necessary condition and two sufficient conditions for the second. Furthermore, we find that the sufficiency of the necessary condition for the second measurement operator has simple and interesting dependence on $n$ and $k$. At the end, a unified condition is obtained for the simultaneous existence of these two unambiguous measurement operators.

  7. Monopole Excitation to Cluster States

    E-print Network

    Taiichi Yamada; Yasuro Funaki; Hisashi Horiuchi; Kiyomi Ikeda; Akihiro Tohsaki

    2008-08-30

    We discuss strength of monopole excitation of the ground state to cluster states in light nuclei. We clarify that the monopole excitation to cluster states is in general strong as to be comparable with the single particle strength and shares an appreciable portion of the sum rule value in spite of large difference of the structure between the cluster state and the shell-model-like ground state. We argue that the essential reasons of the large strength are twofold. One is the fact that the clustering degree of freedom is possessed even by simple shell model wave functions. The detailed feature of this fact is described by the so-called Bayman-Bohr theorem which tells us that SU(3) shell model wave function is equivalent to cluster model wave function. The other is the ground state correlation induced by the activation of the cluster degrees of freedom described by the Bayman-Bohr theorem. We demonstrate, by deriving analytical expressions of monopole matrix elements, that the order of magnitude of the monopole strength is governed by the first reason, while the second reason plays a sufficient role in reproducing the data up to the factor of magnitude of the monopole strength. Our explanation is made by analysing three examples which are the monopole excitations to the $0^+_2$ and $0^+_3$ states in $^{16}$O and the one to the $0^+_2$ state in $^{12}$C. The present results imply that the measurement of strong monopole transitions or excitations is in general very useful for the study of cluster states.

  8. Edge states in honeycomb structures

    E-print Network

    Charles L. Fefferman; James P. Lee-Thorp; Michael I. Weinstein

    2015-06-28

    An edge state is a time-harmonic solution of a conservative wave system, e.g. Schr\\"odinger, Maxwell, which is propagating (plane-wave-like) parallel to, and localized transverse to, a line-defect or "edge." Topologically protected edge states are edge states which are stable against spatially localized (even strong) deformations of the edge. First studied in the context of the quantum Hall effect, protected edge states have attracted huge interest due to their role in the field of topological insulators. Theoretical understanding of topological protection has mainly come from discrete (tight-binding) models and direct numerical simulation. In this paper we consider a rich family of continuum PDE models for which we rigorously study regimes where topologically protected edge states exist. Our model is a class of Schroedinger operators on R^2 with a background two-dimensional honeycomb potential perturbed by an "edge-potential." The edge potential is a domain-wall interpolation, transverse to a prescribed "rational" edge, between two distinct periodic structures. General conditions are given for the bifurcation of a branch of topologically protected edge states from Dirac points of the background honeycomb structure. The bifurcation is seeded by the zero mode of a one-dimensional effective Dirac operator. A key condition is a spectral no-fold condition for the prescribed edge. We then use this result to prove the existence of topologically protected edge states along zigzag edges of certain honeycomb structures. Our results are consistent with the physics literature and appear to be the first rigorous results on the existence of topologically protected edge states for continuum 2D PDE systems. We also show that the family of Hamiltonians we study contains cases where zigzag edge states exist, but which are not topologically protected.

  9. Progress report of new state geologic maps for Washington state

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Joseph; K. Stoffel; W. Phillips

    1987-01-01

    Geologic maps of Washington were previously published in 1936 and 1961 by predecessors to the Division of Geology and Earth Resources (DGER), Department of Natural Resources. These maps were printed at a scale of 1:500,000 and depicted the entire state on a single map sheet. The new state map will be at a scale of 1:250,000 and will be published

  10. State Geological Surveys and Related Agencies in the United States

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This web page is part of the California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology Web site. It provides a list of state geological surveys and related organizations in the United States (and Puerto Rico). For all of these agencies, mail addresses as well as known e-mail and Internet links are provided. Links are also provided to pages on geologic mapping, geologic hazards, earthquake engineering, mineral resources, and technical information and publications.

  11. Magnetic Edge States in Graphene

    E-print Network

    Gabriela Murguia

    2010-08-29

    Magnetic confinement in graphene has been of recent and growing interest because its potential applications in nanotechnology. In particular, the observation of the so called magnetic edge states in graphene has opened the possibility to deepen into the generation of spin currents and its applications in spintronics. We study the magnetic edge states of quasi-particles arising in graphene monolayers due to an inhomogeneous magnetic field of a magnetic barrier in the formalism of the two-dimensional massless Dirac equation. We also show how the solutions of such states in each of both triangular sublattices of the graphene are related through a supersymmetric transformation in the quantum mechanical sense.

  12. State determination in continuous measurement

    E-print Network

    A. C. Doherty; S. M. Tan; A. S. Parkins; D. F. Walls

    1999-03-09

    The possibility of determining the state of a quantum system after a continuous measurement of position is discussed in the framework of quantum trajectory theory. Initial lack of knowledge of the system and external noises are accounted for by considering the evolution of conditioned density matrices under a stochastic master equation. It is shown that after a finite time the state of the system is a pure state and can be inferred from the measurement record alone. The relation to emerging possibilities for the continuous experimental observation of single quanta, as for example in cavity quantum electrodynamics, is discussed.

  13. Arkansas Digital State Publications Collection

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The state of Arkansas publishes hundreds of official newsletters, technical reports, and advisory documents each year. This archive contains over 6,100 of these documents, including the "2005 Arkansas Youth Tobacco Survey" and the "Spring 2001 Arkansas Wild Turkey Harvest Report." First-time visitors can look over the scrolling list of available documents here to get a feel for these materials. The site offers a great trove for those with an interest in public policy matters throughout the state and for students of state governance it is truly invaluable.

  14. Chimera states in heterogeneous networks

    E-print Network

    Carlo R. Laing

    2008-12-17

    Chimera states in networks of coupled oscillators occur when some fraction of the oscillators synchronise with one another, while the remaining oscillators are incoherent. Several groups have studied chimerae in networks of identical oscillators, but here we study these states in a heterogeneous model for which the natural frequencies of the oscillators are chosen from a distribution. We obtain exact results by reduction to a finite set of differential equations. We find that heterogeneity can destroy chimerae, destroy all states except chimerae, or destabilise chimerae in Hopf bifurcations, depending on the form of the heterogeneity.

  15. Negativity of random pure states

    SciTech Connect

    Datta, Animesh [Institute for Mathematical Sciences, 53 Prince's Gate, Imperial College, London, SW7 2PG (United Kingdom); QOLS, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, SW7 2BW (United Kingdom)

    2010-05-15

    This paper deals with the entanglement, as quantified by the negativity, of pure quantum states chosen at random from the invariant Haar measure. We show that it is a constant (0.72037) multiple of the maximum possible entanglement. In line with the results based on the concentration of measure, we find evidence that the convergence to the final value is exponentially fast. We compare the analytically calculated mean and standard deviation with those calculated numerically for pure states generated via pseudorandom unitary matrices proposed by Emerson et al. [Science 302, 2098 (2003)]. Finally, we draw some conclusions about the geometry of quantum states based on our result.

  16. State building energy codes status

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-09-01

    This document contains the State Building Energy Codes Status prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830 and dated September 1996. The U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Codes and Standards has developed this document to provide an information resource for individuals interested in energy efficiency of buildings and the relevant building energy codes in each state and U.S. territory. This is considered to be an evolving document and will be updated twice a year. In addition, special state updates will be issued as warranted.

  17. Practical Decoy State for Quantum Key Distribution

    E-print Network

    X. Ma; B. Qi; Y. Zhao; H. -K. Lo

    2005-05-10

    Decoy states have recently been proposed as a useful method for substantially improving the performance of quantum key distribution. Here, we present a general theory of the decoy state protocol based on only two decoy states and one signal state. We perform optimization on the choice of intensities of the two decoy states and the signal state. Our result shows that a decoy state protocol with only two types of decoy states--the vacuum and a weak decoy state--asymptotically approaches the theoretical limit of the most general type of decoy state protocols (with an infinite number of decoy states). We also present a one-decoy-state protocol. Moreover, we provide estimations on the effects of statistical fluctuations and suggest that, even for long distance (larger than 100km) QKD, our two-decoy-state protocol can be implemented with only a few hours of experimental data. In conclusion, decoy state quantum key distribution is highly practical.

  18. Sequence-invariant state machines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whitaker, Sterling R.; Manjunath, Shamanna K.; Maki, Gary K.

    1991-01-01

    A synthesis method and an MOS VLSI architecture are presented to realize sequential circuits that have the ability to implement any state machine having N states and m inputs, regardless of the actual sequence specified in the flow table. The design method utilizes binary tree structured (BTS) logic to implement regular and dense circuits. The desired state sequence can be hardwired with power supply connections or can be dynamically reallocated if stored in a register. This allows programmable VLSI controllers to be designed with a compact size and performance approaching that of dedicated logic. Results of ICV implementations are reported and an example sequence-invariant state machine is contrasted with implementations based on traditional methods.

  19. Presidential State of Union Addresses

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    United States. President.

    For Internauts interested in historical perspective, a selected archive of State of the Union messages of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, along with a complete archive of messages from 1913 is available at the Northwestern University Political Science site.

  20. Lesson 52: States of Being

    E-print Network

    ] bung'aa [state of bewilderment] ucheshi [entertainment] furaha/raha [happiness] mizaha [comedy; jokes mjamzito pumzika kizunguzungu kuwa mjamzito fitini adabu fidhuli makini [comedy; jokes] [jubilation, joke, teasing] [activities] [wisdom] [madness] [stupidity] [sleep] [mean, tight-fisted, selfish

  1. Coherence convertibility for mixed states

    E-print Network

    Xiaofei Qi; Zhaofang Bai; Shuanping Du

    2015-05-27

    In this paper, by providing a class of coherence measures in finite dimensional systems, a sufficient and necessary condition for the existence of coherence transformations that convert one probability distribution of any pure states into another one is obtained.

  2. Andreas Schmittner Oregon State University

    E-print Network

    Schmittner, Andreas

    melting of mountain glaciers worldwide warming of Earth's surface temperatures rise in sea level (benthic) live fossil shells from ocean sediments #12;Surface Temperature Reconstructions from the LGMClimate Change Andreas Schmittner Oregon State University College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric

  3. Intramural Sports represented at state

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    Association Palmetto Cup, the state flag football tournament, held Oct. 12-14. The tournament features-21, the Carolina Aquatics Swim Meet saw more than 477 swimmers compete at the P.E. Center's pool. Finally, on Oct

  4. State Support of Domestic Production

    SciTech Connect

    Amy Wright

    2007-12-30

    This project was developed in response to a cooperative agreement offering by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under the State Support of Domestic Production DE-FC26-04NT15456. The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) performed efforts in support of State programs related to the security, reliability and growth if our nation's domestic production of oil and natural gas. The project objectives were to improve the States ability to monitor the security of oil and gas operations; to maximize the production of domestic oil and natural gas thereby minimizing the threat to national security posed by interruptions in energy imports; to assist States in developing and maintaining high standards of environmental protection; to assist in addressing issues that limit the capacity of the industry; to promote the deployment of the appropriate application of technology for regulatory efficiency; and to inform the public about emerging energy issues.

  5. LANDSAT information for state planning

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Faust, N. L.; Spann, G. W.

    1977-01-01

    The transfer of remote sensing technology for the digital processing of LANDSAT data to state and local agencies in Georgia and other southeastern states is discussed. The project consists of a series of workshops, seminars, and demonstration efforts, and transfer of NASA-developed hardware concepts and computer software to state agencies. Throughout the multi-year effort, digital processing techniques have been emphasized classification algorithms. Software for LANDSAT data rectification and processing have been developed and/or transferred. A hardware system is available at EES (engineering experiment station) to allow user interactive processing of LANDSAT data. Seminars and workshops emphasize the digital approach to LANDSAT data utilization and the system improvements scheduled for LANDSATs C and D. Results of the project indicate a substantially increased awareness of the utility of digital LANDSAT processing techniques among the agencies contracted throughout the southeast. In Georgia, several agencies have jointly funded a program to map the entire state using digitally processed LANDSAT data.

  6. Passive States for Essential Observers

    E-print Network

    Robert Strich

    2008-01-23

    The aim of this note is to present a unified approach to the results given in \\cite{bb99} and \\cite{bs04} which also covers examples of models not presented in these two papers (e.g. $d$-dimensional Minkowski space-time for $d\\geq 3$). Assuming that a state is passive for an observer travelling along certain (essential) worldlines, we show that this state is invariant under the isometry group, is a KMS-state for the observer at a temperature uniquely determined by the structure constants of the Lie algebra involved and fulfills (a variant of) the Reeh-Schlieder property. Also the modular objects associated to such a state and the observable algebra of an observer are computed and a version of weak locality is examined.

  7. VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE & STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE & STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY UNDERGRADUATE HANDBOOK University Counseling 17 Student Success Center 17 Virginia Tech Police Department 17 Safe Ride 17 professions, chemical education, and technical areas in business and law. Virginia Tech offers two course

  8. Child Nutrition Programs by State

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Published: 02/04/2015 State Alabama Department of Education 50 North Ripley Street Montgomery , AL 36104-2101 ... Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) Alaska Department of Education & Early Development 801 West 10th Street, Suite 200, ...

  9. FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL BULLETIN

    E-print Network

    Weston, Ken

    Sexual Harassment Policy................................9 Florida State University Statement for Students ................................15 Policy for the Use of Photographs and Videos in University Publications ...........................................16 Sexual Harassment Policy..............................16 Research Facilities and Special Programs

  10. Watershed Protection Plans State Perspectives

    E-print Network

    Approach The watershed approach is commonly characterized by four principles: Active stakeholder Authorities, ... Facilitation of Stakeholder Process Issue 2: Get Help! 8 Sustainability of the watershed1 1 Watershed Protection Plans State Perspectives Bill Carter TCEQ Texas Watershed Planning Short

  11. Washington State University GRADUATE SCHOOL

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    Washington State University GRADUATE SCHOOL Policies and Procedures Manual 2009 (Minor Updates July............................................................................................................1 A. EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL ......................................................................................................................................6 B. ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL

  12. Ketoacidosis and Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew Freeby; Susana Ebner

    \\u000a A review of the two classical acute hyperglycemic syndromes in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic\\u000a hyperosmolar state, with particular emphasis on cerebral complications.

  13. PUBLIC FISH CULTURE UNITED STATES,

    E-print Network

    and rearing stations U2 111 #12;Steve Cocke Hatchery, Dawson, Georgia- -a Georgia State Game and Fish. But as advances are made, there are opened before us new vistas to be explored: new problems arise and old

  14. Solid-state laser engineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Koechner

    1988-01-01

    This book provides a detailed discussion of solid-state lasers, their characteristics, design and construction. Emphasis is placed on engineering and practical considerations. To present the subject, phenomenological descriptions using models are used.

  15. Optimal preparation of graph states

    SciTech Connect

    Cabello, Adan; Lopez-Tarrida, Antonio J. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada II, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41012 Sevilla (Spain); Danielsen, Lars Eirik [Department of Informatics, University of Bergen, P.O. Box 7803, Bergen N-5020 (Norway); Portillo, Jose R. [Departamento de Matematica Aplicada I, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41012 Sevilla (Spain)

    2011-04-15

    We show how to prepare any graph state of up to 12 qubits with (a) the minimum number of controlled-Z gates and (b) the minimum preparation depth. We assume only one-qubit and controlled-Z gates. The method exploits the fact that any graph state belongs to an equivalence class under local Clifford operations. We extend up to 12 qubits the classification of graph states according to their entanglement properties, and identify each class using only a reduced set of invariants. For any state, we provide a circuit with both properties (a) and (b), if it does exist, or, if it does not, one circuit with property (a) and one with property (b), including the explicit one-qubit gates needed.

  16. INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK Montana State University

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK Montana State University Counseling Program 2014-2015 #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS..........................................................................................................................................4 INTERNSHIP ASSIGNMENT TO YOUR PLACEMENT SITES........................................................................................5 APPLICATION TO INTERNSHIP SITES INTERNSHIP AT PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION

  17. RCM20110316 Montana State University

    E-print Network

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    : Procedures for Enrolling in an Internship for Academic Credit EELE 498 Internship Program Description Internship Credit Request Form Intern Mentor Information Form Mentor's Intern Evaluation Form #12;RCM20110316 Montana State University Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering EELE 498 Internship

  18. Changing state structures: outside in.

    PubMed

    Krasner, Stephen D

    2011-12-27

    In explaining the development of institutional structures within states, social science analysis has focused on autochthonous factors and paid less attention to the way in which external factors, especially purposive agent-directed as opposed to more general environmental factors, can influence domestic authority structures. For international relations scholarship, this lacunae is particularly troubling or perhaps, just weird. If the international system is anarchical, then political leaders can pursue any policy option. In some cases, the most attractive option would be conventional state to state interactions, diplomacy, or war. In other instances, however, changing the domestic authority structures of other states might be more appealing. In some cases, domestic authority structures have been influenced through bargaining, and in others through power. Power may reflect either explicit agent-oriented decisions or social processes that reflect the practices, values, and norms of more powerful entities. PMID:22198756

  19. Montana State University 1 Biotechnology

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Biotechnology Note: MSU's programs in the biological sciences options see Biological Sciences at MSU. Biotechnology Modern research in cellular and molecular biology biotechnology industries are involved in developing products to maintain biodiversity, restore soil and water

  20. The Unfolded Protein State Revisited

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricio A. Carvajal; Tyre C. Lanier

    Most studies on proteins have centered on the conformation and stability of the folded state. The unfolded state has essentially\\u000a been neglected because of its reputation of being devoid of biological function, and not well-defined. Recently the importance\\u000a of unfolded segments, as part of the secondary structure of globular proteins and their role in the performance of biological\\u000a functions, has

  1. Argininosuccinate synthetase: steady state kinetics

    E-print Network

    Seiglie, Jorge Luis

    1983-01-01

    : Steady State Kinetics (Nay 1983) Jorge Luis Seiglie, B. S. , University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus Chairman of Advisory Comnittee: Dr. Frank M. Raushel The steady state kinetic mechan1sm of bovine liver arginino- succinate has been determined... professional development; also for the priv- ilege and opportunity to study and work in this department. Sincere thanks go to the members of my graduate consaittee, Drs. Frank M. Raushel, John L. Hogg, Carlos N. Pace, and Joseph B. Natowitz...

  2. Diffusion Processes and Coherent States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. De Martino; S. De Siena; F. Illuminati; G. Vitiello

    1994-01-01

    It is shown that stochastic processes of diffusion type possess, in all\\u000agenerality, a structure of uncertainty relations and of coherent and squeezed\\u000astates. This fact is used to obtain, via Nelson stochastic formulation of\\u000aquantum mechanics, the harmonic-oscillator coherent and squeezed states. The\\u000amethod allows to derive new minimum uncertainty states in time-dependent\\u000aoscillator potentials and for the Caldirola-Kanai

  3. State Space Methods in Stata

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David M. Drukker; Richard B. Gates

    2011-01-01

    We illustrate how to estimate parameters of linear state-space models using the Stata program sspace. We provide examples of how to use sspace to estimate the parameters of unobserved-component models, vector autoregressive moving-average models, and dynamic-factor models. We also show how to compute one-step, filtered, and smoothed estimates of the series and the states; dynamic forecasts and their confidence intervals;

  4. APSRS state-base graphics

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1981-01-01

    The National Cartographic Information Center (NCIC) is the information branch of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Mapping Division. In order to organize and distribute information about U.S. aerial photography coverage and to help eliminate aerial mapping duplication by tracking individual aerial projects, NCIC developed the Aerial Photography Summary Record System (APSRS). APSRS's principal products are State-Base Graphics (SBG), graphic indexes that show the coverage of conventional aerial photography projects over each State.

  5. Bosbach states on fuzzy structures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George Georgescu

    2004-01-01

    Pseudo-BL algebras are non-commutative fuzzy structures which generalize BL-algebras and pseudo-MV algebras. In this paper we study the states on a pseudo-BL algebra. This concept is obtained by using the Bosbach condition for each of the two implications of a pseudo BL-algebra. We also propose a notion of conditional state for BL-algebras.

  6. Prooxidant states and tumor promotion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Cerutti

    1985-01-01

    There is convincing evidence that cellular prooxidant states--that is, increased concentrations of active oxygen and organic peroxides and radicals--can promote initiated cells to neoplastic growth. Prooxidant states can be caused by different classes of agents, including hyperbaric oxygen, radiation, xenobiotic metabolites and Fenton-type reagents, modulators of the cytochrome P-450 electron-transport chain, peroxisome proliferators, inhibitors of the antioxidant defense, and membrane-active

  7. Search for exotic charmonium states

    E-print Network

    Elisabetta Prencipe

    2014-11-03

    One of the most intriguing puzzles in hadron spectroscopy are the numerous charmonium-like states observed in the last decade, including charged states that are manifestly exotic. The $BABAR$ and Belle experiments have extensively studied those in B meson decays, initial state radiation processes and two photon reactions. We can question what we have understood after 11 year search in this field, and try to combine results to conclude on what these new unpredicted resonant states are, and how they can be accommodated in the theory. Big effort has been made from theoretical and experimental point of view, as the potential models unlikely explain the presence of so many enhancements, for mass values above the $D \\bar D$ threshold. In this report the $BABAR$ and Belle results of the two invariant mass systems of $J/\\psi \\phi$ and $J/\\psi \\omega$ are put in comparison in a search for non-conventional charmonium states. This involves the study of the systems of $J/\\psi K^+ K^-$ and $J/\\psi \\pi^+ \\pi^- \\pi^0$, respectively. There are strong theoretical arguments in favor of the presence of hybrids or exotic states, in those invariant mass distributions. Remarks on these data analyses are given, based on the $BABAR$ and Belle experimental results.

  8. Tensor network states and geometry

    E-print Network

    Evenbly, G

    2011-01-01

    Tensor network states are used to approximate ground states of local Hamiltonians on a lattice in D spatial dimensions. Different types of tensor network states can be seen to generate different geometries. Matrix product states (MPS) in D=1 dimensions, as well as projected entangled pair states (PEPS) in D>1 dimensions, reproduce the D-dimensional physical geometry of the lattice model; in contrast, the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) generates a (D+1)-dimensional holographic geometry. Here we focus on homogeneous tensor networks, where all the tensors in the network are copies of the same tensor, and argue that certain structural properties of the resulting many-body states are preconditioned by the geometry of the tensor network and are therefore largely independent of the choice of variational parameters. Indeed, the asymptotic decay of correlations in homogeneous MPS and MERA for D=1 systems is seen to be determined by the structure of geodesics in the physical and holographic geom...

  9. BUILDING STRONGER STATE ENERGY PARTNERSHIPS

    SciTech Connect

    David Terry

    2002-04-22

    When initiated by the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Rebuild America Program (RBA), this project--Strengthening the Partnerships Between the State and Territory Energy Offices and the U.S. Department of Energy--was geared toward addressing some project development and communications barriers between the State Energy Offices and the RBA program. While successful in some states, RBA officials were having difficulty assisting states in forming partnerships with communities and taking advantage of the programs technical assistance and other resources. NASEO's efforts under the project were, in large part, aimed at educating state energy offices about RBA's resources and delivering timely information to help move the program forward by emphasizing the successes of key states and identifying concerns and problems in states beginning to implement RBA activities. This report defines these outreach needs and challenges, the tasks designed to address these issues, and results during the first year of the project. As contemplated in NASEO's workplan, the approach during the first year of the agreement focuses on working through NASEO's State Energy Committee structure. Support provided under the agreement for tasks one and two during year one was intended to address partnerships in the buildings area. Specifically, NASEO was to work with its buildings committee, various state energy office members, and the Rebuild America program to improve partnership efforts, communications, and effectiveness of these combined efforts. The approach of to the project included three elements during year one. First, NASEO and its Buildings Committee were to focus on raising awareness and coordination of Rebuild activities. Through education, one-on-one communications, and presentations at NASEO meetings and other events, staff and the committee will assist Rebuild officials in stimulating interest in the program and building greater support among State Energy Office Directors. Second, NASEO would work to improve the efficiency of America's schools by assisting states and DOE in promoting projects that result in more energy efficient (and clean energy) schools and a better learning environment. Third, NASEO was to identify opportunities, needs, and priorities related to the emerging public benefit funds/programs operated by many states emerging from utility restructuring. This third activity, while still a high-priority for the state energy offices, has not been funded under this agreement. Thus, no activity will be reported. The results of the two funded efforts described above are a significant increase in the awareness of RBA resources and assistance, as well as a better understanding of successful approaches to implementing RBA activities. This technical progress report includes an update of the progress during the first year of cooperative agreement DE-FC26-00nt40802, Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy. The report also describes the barriers in conduct of the effort, and our assessment of future progress and activities.

  10. Reconstructing quantum states from local data.

    PubMed

    Swingle, Brian; Kim, Isaac H

    2014-12-31

    We consider the problem of reconstructing global quantum states from local data. Because the reconstruction problem has many solutions in general, we consider the reconstructed state of maximum global entropy consistent with the local data. We show that unique ground states of local Hamiltonians are exactly reconstructed as the maximal entropy state. More generally, we show that if the state in question is a ground state of a local Hamiltonian with a degenerate space of locally indistinguishable ground states, then the maximal entropy state is close to the ground state projector. We also show that local reconstruction is possible for thermal states of local Hamiltonians. Finally, we discuss a procedure to certify that the reconstructed state is close to the true global state. We call the entropy of our reconstructed maximum entropy state the "reconstruction entropy," and we discuss its relation to emergent geometry in the context of holographic duality. PMID:25615291

  11. Transition States, analogues, and drug development.

    PubMed

    Schramm, Vern L

    2013-01-18

    Enzymes achieve their transition states by dynamic conformational searches on the femtosecond to picosecond time scale. Mimics of reactants at enzymatic transition states bind tightly to enzymes by stabilizing the conformation optimized through evolution for transition state formation. Instead of forming the transient transition state geometry, transition state analogues convert the short-lived transition state to a stable thermodynamic state. Enzymatic transition states are understood by combining kinetic isotope effects and computational chemistry. Analogues of the transition state can bind millions of times more tightly than substrates and show promise for drug development for several targets. PMID:23259601

  12. Experimental tomography of high-NOON states

    E-print Network

    Yonatan Israel; Itai Afek; Shamir Rosen; Oron Ambar; Yaron Silberberg

    2011-12-19

    We have performed experimental quantum state tomography of NOON states with up to four photons. The measured states are generated by mixing a classical coherent state with spontaneous parametric down-conversion. We show that this method produces states which exhibit a high fidelity with ideal NOON states. The fidelity is limited by the overlap of the two-photon down-conversion state with any two photons originating from the coherent state, for which we introduce and measure a figure of merit. A second limitation on the fidelity set by the total setup transmission is discussed. We also apply the same tomography procedure for characterizing correlated photon hole states.

  13. Analysis of state-energy-program capabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Tatar; D. Clifford; F. Gunnison; B. Humphrey

    1981-01-01

    The potential effects on state energy programs of a reduction in the financial assistance available through the state and local assistance programs and the distribution of those effects are assessed. The assessment is based on a survey of nine state energy offices (SEOs), which were selected on the basis of state support of energy programs weighted by state energy consumption.

  14. State Constitutional Law: Teaching and Scholarship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Robert F.

    1991-01-01

    State constitutional law is an emerging area for legal education, partly because of state supreme court decisions relying on state rather than federal constitutional law. Studying state constitutional law highlights similarities and diversity of legal and governmental systems. Interest in establishment of curricula and materials in state law is

  15. Common Core State Standards: I Wonder?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tienken, Christopher H.

    2010-01-01

    On June 1, 2009, the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA Center) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) issued a press release stating that 49 states and territories had joined the Common Core State Standards Initiative (CCSS). That initiative proposed that all states voluntarily adopt the same set of

  16. A complete basis of generalized Bell states

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denis Sych; Gerd Leuchs

    2009-01-01

    A generalization of the Bell states and Pauli matrices to dimensions which are powers of 2 is considered. A basis of maximally entangled multidimensional bipartite states (MEMBS) is chosen very similar to the standard Bell states and constructed of only symmetric and antisymmetric states. This special basis of MEMBS preserves all basic properties of the standard Bell states. We present

  17. Stationary States of Dissipative Quantum Systems

    E-print Network

    Vasily E. Tarasov

    2011-07-29

    In this Letter we consider stationary states of dissipative quantum systems. We discuss stationary states of dissipative quantum systems, which coincide with stationary states of Hamiltonian quantum systems. Dissipative quantum systems with pure stationary states of linear harmonic oscillator are suggested. We discuss bifurcations of stationary states for dissipative quantum systems which are quantum analogs of classical dynamical bifurcations.

  18. Scalable timers for soft state protocols

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Puneet Sharma; Deborah Estrin; Sally Floyd; Van Jacobson

    1997-01-01

    Soft state protocols use periodic refresh messages to keep the network state alive while adapting to changing network conditions; this has raised concerns regarding the scalability of protocols that use the soft state approach. In existing soft state protocols, the values of the timers that control the sending of these messages, and the timers for aging out state, are chosen

  19. Scalabel Timers for Soft State Protocols

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Puneet Sharma; Deborah Estrin; Sally Floyd; Van Jacobson

    1997-01-01

    Soft state protocols use periodic refresh messages tokeep network state alive while adapting to changing networkconditions; this has raised concerns regarding thescalability of protocols that use the soft-state approach. Inexisting soft state protocols, the values of the timers thatcontrol the sending of these messages, and the timers foraging out state, are chosen by matching empirical observationswith desired recovery and response

  20. Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 2007, 2: 345367 Rich State, Poor State, Red State,

    E-print Network

    Gelman, Andrew

    State: What's the Matter with Connecticut? Andrew Gelman1, Boris Shor2, Joseph Bafumi3 and David Park4 1, Eric Johnson, Craig Newmark, Shigeo Hirano, David Epstein, Stephen Ansolabehere, Stuart Jordan, Dave