These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Preventing malaria in pregnancy through community-directed interventions: evidence from Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background Despite massive anti-malaria campaigns across the subcontinent, effective access to intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) and insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) among pregnant women remain low in large parts of sub-Saharan Africa. The slow uptake of malaria prevention products appears to reflect lack of knowledge and resistance to behavioural change, as well as poor access to resources, and limited support of programmes by local communities and authorities. Methods A recent community-based programme in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, is analysed to determine the degree to which community-directed interventions can improve access to malaria prevention in pregnancy. Six local government areas in Southern Nigeria were selected for a malaria in pregnancy prevention intervention. Three of these local government areas were selected for a complementary community-directed intervention (CDI) programme. Under the CDI programme, volunteer community-directed distributors (CDDs) were appointed by each village and kindred in the treatment areas and trained to deliver ITNs and IPTp drugs as well as basic counseling services to pregnant women. Findings Relative to women in the control area, an additional 7.4 percent of women slept under a net during pregnancy in the treatment areas (95% CI [0.035, 0.115], p-value < 0.01), and an additional 8.5 percent of women slept under an ITN after delivery and prior to the interview (95% CI [0.045, 0.122], p-value < 0.001). The effects of the CDI programme were largest for IPTp adherence, increasing the fraction of pregnant women taking at least two SP doses during pregnancy by 35.3 percentage points [95% CI: 0.280, 0.425], p-value < 0.001) relative to the control group. No effects on antenatal care attendance were found. Conclusion The presented results suggest that the inclusion of community-based programmes can substantially increase effective access to malaria prevention, and also increase access to formal health care access in general, and antenatal care attendance in particular in combination with supply side interventions. Given the relatively modest financial commitments they require, community-directed programmes appear to be a cost-effective way to improve malaria prevention; the participatory approach underlying CDI programmes also promises to strengthen ties between the formal health sector and local communities. PMID:21819579

2011-01-01

2

A survey of the repository of groundwater potential and distribution using geoelectrical resistivity method in Itu Local Government Area (L.G.A), Akwa Ibom State, southern Nigeria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vertical electrical sounding (VES), employing a Schlumberger electrode configuration, was used to investigate the sediments and aquifer repositories in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom state, southern Nigeria. This was done in sixteen (16) locations/communities with the maximum current electrode spread ranging between 800-1000m. The field data were interpreted using forward and iterative least square inversion modeling, which gives a resolution with 3-5 geoelectric layers. The observed frequencies in curve types include 31.25% of AKH, 18.8% of AAK and HK and 6.25% of K, QHK, AKH, KA and KHQ, respectively. These sets of curves show a wide range of variabilities in resistivities between and within the layers penetrated by current. The presence of K and H curve types in the study area indicates the alteration of the geomaterials with limited hydrologic significance to the prolific groundwater repository. A correlation of the constrained nearby borehole lithology logs with the VES results shows that the layers were all sandy formations (fine and well sorted sands to gravelly sands or medium to coarse-grained sands as described by nearby lithology logs) with some wide ranges of electrical resistivity values and thicknesses caused by electrostratigraphic inhomogeneity. The geologic topsoil (motley topsoil) is generally porous and permeable and as such the longitudinal conductance (S) values for the covering/protective layer is generally less than unity of Siemens (S < 1?-1), the value considered for efficient protection of the underlying aquifers by the topmost and overlying layer. The spatial orientations and the leveling patterns of the most economically viable potential groundwater repository within the maximum current electrode separations has been delineated in 2-D and 3-D contoured maps. The estimated depth range for the desired groundwater repository is 32.6-113.1m and its average depth value is 74.30m. The thickness of this layer ranges from 27.9-103m while its average depth has been evaluated to be 63.02m. Also, its resistivity range and average value have been estimated to be 507-5612m and 3365.125?m

Ibuot, J.; Akpabio, G.; George, N.

2013-12-01

3

Women NGOs and rural women empowerment activities in the Niger Delta, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study attempted to document beneficiaries’ perceptions on the contributions of Women NGOs (WNGOs) to the socio-economic\\u000a empowerment of rural women in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study included: an assessment of WNGOs\\u000a contributions to improvements’ in beneficiaries’ socio-economic activities and constraints affecting beneficiaries’ participation\\u000a in WNGOs activities. An attempt was also made to determine the

Iniobong Aniefiok Akpabio

2009-01-01

4

Current trends of immunization in Nigeria: prospect and challenges.  

PubMed

Immunization is aimed at the prevention of infectious diseases. In Nigeria, the National Programme on Immunization (NPI) suffers recurrent setbacks due to many factors including ethnicity and religious beliefs. Nigeria is made up of 36 states with its federal capital in Abuja. The country is divided into six geo-political zones; north central, north west, north east, south east, south west and south south. The population is unevenly distributed across the country. The average population density in 2006 was estimated at 150 people per square kilometres with Lagos, Anambra, Imo, Abia, and Akwa Ibom being the most densely populated states. Most of the densely populated states are found in the south east. Kano with an average density of 442 persons per square kilometre, is the most densely populated state in the northern part of the country. This study presents a review on the current immunization programme and the many challenges affecting its success in the eradication of childhood diseases in Nigeria. PMID:25237283

Ophori, Endurance A; Tula, Musa Y; Azih, Azuka V; Okojie, Rachel; Ikpo, Precious E

2014-06-01

5

Current Trends of Immunization in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges  

PubMed Central

Immunization is aimed at the prevention of infectious diseases. In Nigeria, the National Programme on Immunization (NPI) suffers recurrent setbacks due to many factors including ethnicity and religious beliefs. Nigeria is made up of 36 states with its federal capital in Abuja. The country is divided into six geo-political zones; north central, north west, north east, south east, south west and south south. The population is unevenly distributed across the country. The average population density in 2006 was estimated at 150 people per square kilometres with Lagos, Anambra, Imo, Abia, and Akwa Ibom being the most densely populated states. Most of the densely populated states are found in the south east. Kano with an average density of 442 persons per square kilometre, is the most densely populated state in the northern part of the country. This study presents a review on the current immunization programme and the many challenges affecting its success in the eradication of childhood diseases in Nigeria. PMID:25237283

Ophori, Endurance A.; Tula, Musa Y.; Azih, Azuka V.; Okojie, Rachel; Ikpo, Precious E.

2014-01-01

6

Spatio-temporal dynamics of African swine fever outbreaks in Nigeria, 2002-2007.  

PubMed

African swine fever (ASF) was first introduced into Nigeria through Lagos state in 1997. The disease rapidly spread to Ogun state in 1998 and extended to the Niger Delta (Delta, Rivers and Akwa Ibom states) in the same year. In 1998, Kaduna, Plateau and Benue states all north of the country experienced ASF for the first time. Poor farm biosecurity, bad abattoir practices and extensive/free range pig farming systems led to extensive spread of the diseases to about 16 Nigerian states excluding the far northwest and north east. A total of 1036 field samples collected over a 6-year period covering 19 Nigerian states were analysed during the period under review; 805 samples were PCR positive and 231 negative. Positive samples were detected in all three surveillance phases and from all agroecological zones across the country. For the first time since its incursion, ASF was identified in some states; Bauchi, Adamawa Taraba and Gombe with chances of control very slim and further spread of the virus northward envisaged. Outbreaks of the disease are now a perennial problem with an increasing disease burden in areas where high numbers of pigs are produced in the country. The National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), Vom, since 2002 investigated ASF based on tissue submissions and reports made by individuals, private & commercial farms and agricultural bodies. We present an analysis of geographical and temporal distribution of ASF in the country from 2002 to 2007 and a review of historic outbreaks since the first incursion. Risk factors and prospects for control are discussed. PMID:20659268

Owolodun, O A; Yakubu, B; Antiabong, J F; Ogedengbe, M E; Luka, P D; John Audu, B; Ekong, P S; Shamaki, D

2010-10-01

7

Nigeria's women look beyond literacy.  

PubMed

Vocational training programs in Nigeria offer hope for providing women with skills to earn income as self-employed workers. The National Open Apprenticeship Scheme provides training for 100,000 boys and girls annually. Women's Vocational Training Centers are being developed in 589 local areas. The Nigerian government and a number of community banks are providing start-up funds for the self-employed. Traditional craft and art forms are being revived in the process. Cooperatives are being established for selling products. Girls find it easy to get married once they are trained. Women are valued for their ability to add to income and in turn are placed in a position to bargain for power in the relationship. It is unknown yet how these schemes will affect fertility. The example is given of Grace Mfon who left a village 500 miles from Lagos in the impoverished, oil-producing state of Akwa Ibom. She is apprenticed with 3 others in a 1-room "Fashion House" to learn tailoring. The 2-year apprenticeship program cost her $38/year, which she saved from her $20/month job. She plans to save for her own shop and get married and have children. She joined the apprenticeship program because of the poor job prospects and the dead end life of farming for her husband. There is both a great need and interest in providing vocational training. The government has been involved in an economic restructuring under the guidance of the International Monetary Fund, and must find work for the hugh number of unemployed workers, many of whom are school dropouts. PMID:12318183

Obadina, E

1993-01-01

8

Blooming States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Population growth in successive decades has followed different trends for states across the country. While many states had early, substantial growth in percentage terms most of that population growth was quite small in numeric terms. In contrast, states with high percentage growth in more recent decades also gained very large numbers of people.

US Census Bureau

9

State Soils  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the US Department of Agriculture's Soil Survey Division (SSD), this website describes state soils and their significance. All states have chosen a state soil, which share the same level of distinction as state flowers or birds. Information includes a photo of each official soil, a description of major characteristics and formation, and a map showing the coverage of the soil within the state. There are also links to additional information about that soil series, including more specific characteristics, other locations, related soil types, and more.

10

Solid State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a webpage filled with Solid State learning objects with over 40 lessons in: Semiconductor Diodes, Rectifier Flitering and Regulation, D/A and A/D Converters, Opto Electronic Devices, Operational Amplifiers, Transistors, Thyristors, and Timers.

11

Hypochondriacal states.  

PubMed

A brief historical introduction traces the evolution of the concept of hypochondriasis. It is suggested that the term should now be used only as a descriptive adjective when there is a morbid preoccupation with health or body. Social and cultural factors are outlined, as well as problems of measurement. The psychopathology, as formulated by Freud and others, is also described. Clinical aspects are discussed under the headings of general symptoms, pain, smell, bodily appearance, sexual, gastro-intestinal, cardio-respiratory, eyes, and ears, nose and throat. Psychiatric syndromes mentioned are: hypochondria as a possible primary state, personality disorders, phobic-anxiety state, neurashthenia, obsessional neurosis, hysteria, depression, paranoid psychosis and organic. In general, hypochondriacal symptoms seem to make the prognosis rather worse. Treatment is to be aimed at the primary condition, which is most commonly depression, anxiety state or conversion reaction. PMID:779913

Kenyon, F E

1976-07-01

12

State Treasure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When a music teacher is named Teacher of the Year for an entire state, one just know a special story awaits. The narrative of Heidi Welch, director of music at Hillsboro-Deering High School in New Hampshire, does not disappoint. Welch, who grew up in abject poverty and was often homeless, developed her love of music through memorizing and singing…

Olson, Cathy Applefeld

2013-01-01

13

State Aid  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report, published by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), will most likely be used by financial aid professionals and researchers. The report, offered in .pdf format, is a statistical analysis of the differences among students attending institutions in states that provide different levels of financial aid.

14

State of the States, 2012: Arts Education State Policy Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State of the States 2012" summarizes state policies for arts education identified in statute or code for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information is based primarily on results from the AEP Arts Education State Policy Survey conducted in 2010-11, and updated in April 2012.

Arts Education Partnership (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

15

State Names  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this data analysis lesson students explore various representations, including bar graphs, steam-and-leaf plots, and box-and-whisker plots, to analyze the frequency of letters in the names of the 50 states. Students are encouraged to use a systematic approach to collect their data and are shown various tools to help them gather and display it. The lesson includes a student worksheet (PDF), links to a Decrypting Text website, Bar Grapher tool, and Box Plotter tool, and suggested questions, extension, and assessment ideas.

Zordak, Samuel E.

2014-01-01

16

State Revenue Departments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Information on state taxation for each state is available. Addresses and phone numbers are provided for each state's revenue department. Pointers to the revenue department or general state home page are provided. For some states, downloadable tax forms are available.

17

y State Employees Charitable New Jersey State  

E-print Network

NewJerse y State Employees Charitable Campaign 2013 New Jersey State Employees Charitable Campaign-WORKER #12;New Jersey State Employees Charitable Campaign WHY GIVE? · Because your contribution can address to a particular agency or federation listed on the inside of this brochure. #12;3 NEW JERSEY STATE EMPLOYEES

Hanson, Stephen José

18

State-Machine Replication  

E-print Network

State-Machine Replication #12;The Problem Clients Server #12;The Problem Clients Server #12;The (state machine) #12;The Solution 1. Make server deterministic (state machine) State machine #12;The Solution 1. Make server deterministic (state machine) 2. Replicate server State machines #12;The Solution 1

Venkataramani, Arun

19

State of the States in Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the latest edition of the "State of the States in Developmental Disabilities" study--a thorough and the only one of its kind investigation on public spending, revenues, and programmatic trends of intellectual and developmental programs and services within the United States since 1977. Directed by leading researcher, Dr. David Braddock, the…

Braddock, David; Hemp, Richard; Rizzolo, Mary Kay

2008-01-01

20

Nozick's minimal state?  

E-print Network

In his book, Anarchy , State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick argues that the only state that can be justified is the minimal state, a state limited to providing protection for all its citizens. Nozick explains how a minimal state could naturally develop...

Russell, Darrell James

1995-01-01

21

Long Lived Entangled States  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate entangled states of two trapped 40Ca+ ions. By encoding the quantum information in the Zeeman-manifold of the ground state, we observe entangled states lasting for more than 20 seconds.

H. Häffner; F. Schmidt-Kaler; W. Hänsel; C. Roos; P. O. Schmidt; M. Riebe; M. Chwalla; D. Chek-Al-Kar; J. Benhelm; U. D. Rapol; T. Körber; C. Becher; R. Blatt

2006-01-01

22

Stats of the States  

MedlinePLUS

... rates for fatal drug poisonings. Death Rates from Firearm Injuries: United States, 2012 [PDF - 113 KB] - The latest state-based age-adjusted death rates for firearm-related fatalities. Death Rates from Homicide: United States, ...

23

State Statutes Search  

MedlinePLUS

... Systemwide Laws & Policies State Statutes Search State Statutes Search Find information in the State Statutes database in ... Place a Child for Adoption 3. Begin Your Search Children’s Bureau Child Welfare Information Gateway is a ...

24

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

25

Practice States and Capitals!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This year we are learning the states and capitals of the United States. The best way to learn them is to practice, practice, practice! Use the following links to review and practice the states and capitals of the United States. Although you may prefer one website over another, try them all to see what they have to offer and to test your knowledge. Enjoy! Geospy USA State Capitals Quiz Sheppard Software States and Capitals Practice ...

Hoffman, Mr.

2007-09-06

26

Generalized coherent states  

E-print Network

In the coherent state of the harmonic oscillator, the probability density is that of the ground state subjected to an oscillation along a classical trajectory. Senitzky and others pointed out that there are states of the harmonic oscillator corresponding to an identical oscillatory displacement of the probability density of any energy eigenstate. These generalizations of the coherent state are rarely discussed, yet they furnish an interesting set of quantum states of light that combine features of number states and coherent states. Here we give an elementary account of the quantum optics of generalized coherent states.

T. G. Philbin

2013-11-08

27

Discrimination between pure states and mixed states  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we discuss the problem of determining whether a quantum system is in a pure state, or in a mixed state. We apply two strategies to settle this problem: the unambiguous discrimination and the maximum confidence discrimination. We prove that the optimal versions of both strategies are equivalent. Furthermore, the scheme also provides a method to estimate the purity of quantum states, and the Schmidt number of composed systems.

Zhang Chi; Wang Guoming; Ying Mingsheng [State Key Laboratory of Intelligent Technology and Systems, Department of Computer Science and Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2007-06-15

28

Discrimination between pure states and mixed states  

E-print Network

In this paper, we discuss the problem of determining whether a quantum system is in a pure state, or in a mixed state. We apply two strategies to settle this problem: the unambiguous discrimination and the maximum confidence discrimination. We also proved that the optimal versions of both strategies are equivalent. The efficiency of the discrimination is also analyzed. This scheme also provides a method to estimate purity of quantum states, and Schmidt numbers of composed systems.

Chi Zhang; Guoming Wang; Mingsheng Ying

2006-11-11

29

The Pennsylvania State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1855 as the Farmer's High School, the Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) began as a small college in Centre County providing agricultural education to young men from regional farm families. Penn State became a land-grant university in 1863 following passage of the Morrill Act. Today, Penn State enrolls more than 83,000 students…

Burlingame, Philip J.; Dowhower, Andrea L.

2009-01-01

30

State Fiscal Pressures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As most state governments were beginning their fiscal years on July 1, it looked like another tight year for state spending in many regions--and, by implication, also for appropriations for higher education institutions and state student assistance programs. The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) spring report…

Fields, Cheryl

2005-01-01

31

United States of Agriculture  

E-print Network

State University*, Logan, Frederick D. Provenza; State of Utah, Department of Natural Resources City, James R. Ehleringer; Weber State University, Ogden, Utah, Cyrus M. McKell; Washington State Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Richland, Washington, Steven O. Link; E G & G Energy Measurements, Inc

32

Doorway states and billiards  

SciTech Connect

Whenever a distinct state is immersed in a sea of complicated and dense states, the strength of the distinct state, which we refer to as a doorway, is distributed in their neighboring states. We analyze this mechanism for 2-D billiards with different geometries. One of them is symmetric and integrable, another is symmetric but chaotic, and the third has a capricious form. The fact that the doorway-state mechanism is valid for such highly diverse cases, proves that it is robust.

Franco-Villafane, J. A.; Mendez-Sanchez, R. A. [Instituto de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 48-3, 62251 Cuernavaca Mor. (Mexico); Flores, J. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 20-364, 01000 Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Centro Internacional de Ciencias, A. C., P.O. Box 6-101 C.P. 62131 Cuernavaca, Mor. (Mexico); Mateos, J. L. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 20-364, 01000 Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Novaro, O. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 20-364, 01000 Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Seligman, T. H. [Instituto de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 48-3, 62251 Cuernavaca Mor. (Mexico); Centro Internacional de Ciencias, A. C., P.O. Box 6-101 C.P. 62131 Cuernavaca, Mor. (Mexico)

2010-12-23

33

States For Sale!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In a small group, you will research a state. You will then use what you learn to try to "sell" your state to the rest of the class! Directions: 1. As a group, choose a state that you would like to research. 2. Use the following websites to find interesting information about your state. Write down at least 10 facts that you think would help to "sell" the state to the rest of the class. You ...

Hoffman, Mr.

2009-10-21

34

The State of State Science Standards, 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until now, the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) has focused everyone's attention on reading and math--and on whether schools are making "adequate yearly progress" in those two core subjects. Although some states incorporate additional subjects into their own accountability systems, reading and math have dominated most discussions of state…

Gross, Paul R.

2005-01-01

35

State of New Jersey STATE ETHICS COMMISSION  

E-print Network

State of New Jersey STATE ETHICS COMMISSION CHRIS CHRISTIE PO Box 082 ANDREW S. BERNS, Esq code. An agency code must be approved by the Commission. #12;New Jersey Uniform Ethics Code, February ..............................................................................................................20 #12;New Jersey Uniform Ethics Code, February 2011 3 I. DEFINITIONS As used in this Uniform Ethics

36

State Government Tax Collections Data by State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau has released new datasets. State Tax Collection data contains "information on tax revenues of the 50 States and District of Columbia" for the period 1992 to 1996. Datasets can be downloaded in either ASCII or spreadsheet (.wk1) format. Technical information about the datasets is also available online. Note that data coverage may vary by format.

37

Estimating the postmeasurement state  

SciTech Connect

We study generalized measurements [positive-operator-valued measure (POVM measurements)] on a single d-level quantum system which is in a completely unknown pure state, and derive the best estimate of the postmeasurement state. The mean postmeasurement estimation fidelity of a generalized measurement is obtained and related to the operation fidelity of the device. This illustrates how the information gain about the postmeasurement state and the corresponding state disturbance are mutually dependent. The connection between the best estimates of the premeasurement and postmeasurement state is established and interpreted. For pure generalized measurements the two states coincide.

Audretsch, Juergen; Konrad, Thomas [Fachbereich Physik, Universitaet Konstanz, Fach M674, D-78457 Konstanz, (Germany); Diosi, Lajos [Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, P.O. Box 49, H-1525 Budapest 114, (Hungary)

2003-09-01

38

Neuromodulation of Brain States  

PubMed Central

Switches between different behavioral states of the animal are associated with prominent changes in global brain activity, between sleep and wakefulness or from inattentive to vigilant states. What mechanisms control brain states, and what are the functions of the different states? Here we summarize current understanding of the key neural circuits involved in regulating brain states, with a particular emphasis on the subcortical neuromodulatory systems. At the functional level, arousal and attention can greatly enhance sensory processing, whereas sleep and quiet wakefulness may facilitate learning and memory. Several new techniques developed over the past decade promise great advances in our understanding of the neural control and function of different brain states. PMID:23040816

Lee, Seung-Hee; Dan, Yang

2013-01-01

39

State-Chart Autocoder  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program translates Unified Modeling Language (UML) representations of state charts into source code in the C, C++, and Python computing languages. ( State charts signifies graphical descriptions of states and state transitions of a spacecraft or other complex system.) The UML representations constituting the input to this program are generated by using a UML-compliant graphical design program to draw the state charts. The generated source code is consistent with the "quantum programming" approach, which is so named because it involves discrete states and state transitions that have features in common with states and state transitions in quantum mechanics. Quantum programming enables efficient implementation of state charts, suitable for real-time embedded flight software. In addition to source code, the autocoder program generates a graphical-user-interface (GUI) program that, in turn, generates a display of state transitions in response to events triggered by the user. The GUI program is wrapped around, and can be used to exercise the state-chart behavior of, the generated source code. Once the expected state-chart behavior is confirmed, the generated source code can be augmented with a software interface to the rest of the software with which the source code is required to interact.

Clark, Kenneth; Watney, Garth; Murray, Alexander; Benowitz, Edward

2007-01-01

40

Stabilizer state breeding  

E-print Network

We present a breeding protocol that distills pure copies of any stabilizer state from noisy copies and a pool of predistilled pure copies of the same state, by means of local Clifford operations, Pauli measurements and classical communication.

Erik Hostens; Jeroen Dehaene; Bart De Moor

2006-08-18

41

Stabilizer state breeding  

SciTech Connect

We present a breeding protocol that distills pure copies of any stabilizer state from noisy copies and a pool of predistilled pure copies of the same state, by means of local Clifford operations, Pauli measurements, and classical communication.

Hostens, Erik; Dehaene, Jeroen; Moor, Bart de [ESAT-SCD, K.U. Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

2006-12-15

42

States of the US  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For this project, find three sources of information in the Media Center on the state you chose. Your sources can include books, encyclopedias, or atlases. We will also explore multi-media resources to add to your reports on the states. These sites include pictures, videos, books and movies containing information on Native Americans and Explorers, Statehood, Places to visit, Famous People from your state, and games with a connection to the state. Now that you have researched your state using the books in the library, look at some web sites and add some additional knowledge and fun to your project. Look for information on Native Americans and explorers connected with your state. 50 states + songs Yahooligans 50 states + site links Also check out places to visit and famous people in ...

Bhanks

2006-11-08

43

United States Department of  

E-print Network

) Alvin Yu ­ St. Cloud State University Harry Zinn ­ Penn State University Cover photo: natural waterfall.S. Forest Service Northern Research Station Newtown Square, PA #12;CONTENTS GIS APPLICATIONS AND RECREATION

44

State Report forState Report forState Report forState Report for From the Research Project  

E-print Network

State Report forState Report forState Report forState Report for From the Research Project State Report forState Report forState Report forState Report for Washington University In cooperation with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife FINAL REPORT April 2011

45

NCSSFL State Reports 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports from 12 state supervisors of foreign languages were compiled. Each report describes a state's elementary and secondary foreign language programs and activities as of November 1981. Topics covered include basic foreign language programs, trends in foreign language enrollment, teacher training, work with other divisions within the state…

ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, Washington, DC.

46

Tricomi Coherent States  

Microsoft Academic Search

We construct explicit families of coherent states whose parametrization permits an arbitrarily small deviation from conventional coherent states. They possess the resolution of unity with a positive weight function given as the solution of a Stieltjes power-moment problem, with moments analytically expressible through Tricomi's confluent hypergeometric function. These states are in general squeezed, can be either sub- or super-Poissonian in

J.-M. Sixdeniers; K. A. Penson; J. R. Klauder

2001-01-01

47

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY INTRODUCTIONi.  

E-print Network

#12;2 MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY INTRODUCTIONi. Welcome to the Online Professional Master of Science), and the College of Veterinary Medicine (CVM) at Michigan State University (MSU). This booklet contains important, Program Director Online Master of Science in Food Safety Michigan State University 1129 Farm Lane, Rm B 51

48

Sustainability Cal State Fullerton  

E-print Network

Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Study Group October 28, 2008 #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Safety Sally Yassine Contracts & Procurement #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from

de Lijser, Peter

49

FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES  

E-print Network

FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

50

Black brane steady states  

E-print Network

We follow the evolution of an asymptotically AdS black brane with a fixed temperature gradient at spatial infinity until a steady state is formed. The resulting energy density and energy flux of the steady state in the boundary theory are compared to a conjecture on the behavior of steady states in conformal field theories. Very good agreement is found.

Amado, Irene

2015-01-01

51

Exploring states of matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will simultate the 3 states of matter; followed by the online quiz. 1. Explore the solids animation. ice 2. Explore the water animation. water animation 3. Explore the gas animation. gas animation 4. Explore comparing the 3 states of matter. compare 3 state Take the quiz. quiz ...

Mrs. Connerley

2010-10-26

52

One State, Two State, Red State, Blue State: Education Funding Accounts for Outcome Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using publically available data, states coded as "blue" based upon results from the 2004 presidential election were significantly higher in education funding than were states coded as "red." Students in blue states scored significantly higher on outcome measures of math and reading in grades four and eight in 2004 and 2007 than did students in red…

Meece, Darrell

2008-01-01

53

Fault Tolerant State Machines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

State machines are commonly used to control sequential logic in FPGAs and ASKS. An errant state machine can cause considerable damage to the device it is controlling. For example in space applications, the FPGA might be controlling Pyros, which when fired at the wrong time will cause a mission failure. Even a well designed state machine can be subject to random errors us a result of SEUs from the radiation environment in space. There are various ways to encode the states of a state machine, and the type of encoding makes a large difference in the susceptibility of the state machine to radiation. In this paper we compare 4 methods of state machine encoding and find which method gives the best fault tolerance, as well as determining the resources needed for each method.

Burke, Gary R.; Taft, Stephanie

2004-01-01

54

Quantum State Engineering Via Coherent-State Superpositions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The quantum interference between the two parts of the optical Schrodinger-cat state makes possible to construct a wide class of quantum states via discrete superpositions of coherent states. Even a small number of coherent states can approximate the given quantum states at a high accuracy when the distance between the coherent states is optimized, e. g. nearly perfect Fock state can be constructed by discrete superpositions of n + 1 coherent states lying in the vicinity of the vacuum state.

Janszky, Jozsef; Adam, P.; Szabo, S.; Domokos, P.

1996-01-01

55

Painlevé IV coherent states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple way to find solutions of the Painlevé IV equation is by identifying Hamiltonian systems with third-order differential ladder operators. Some of these systems can be obtained by applying supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) to the harmonic oscillator. In this work, we will construct families of coherent states for such subset of SUSY partner Hamiltonians which are connected with the Painlevé IV equation. First, these coherent states are built up as eigenstates of the annihilation operator, then as displaced versions of the extremal states, both involving the related third-order ladder operators, and finally as extremal states which are also displaced but now using the so called linearized ladder operators. To each SUSY partner Hamiltonian corresponds two families of coherent states: one inside the infinite subspace associated with the isospectral part of the spectrum and another one in the finite subspace generated by the states created through the SUSY technique.

Bermudez, David; Contreras-Astorga, Alonso; Fernández C., David J.

2014-11-01

56

Maryland State Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Maryland State Archives, through a grant from the Information Technology Fund of the state of Maryland, is working to provide on-line access to over one million historical documents that form the constitutional, legal, legislative, and administrative basis of Maryland government." Included here are documents from the following sources: legislative records, state council, judicial records, executive records, council of safety, land records, laws, codes, compilations, military records, constitutional conventions, public officials, and early state records. Recent editions to the electronic archive include the Proceedings and Acts of the 1796 General Assembly and Proceedings and Debates of the 1850, 1864, and 1967 State Constitutional Conventions. The archives are searchable as a whole or by selected section with a number of different parameter options available. Scholars doing research into the state of Maryland or the history of the early American Republic's governance will want to avail themselves of this site.

57

The State of State Science Standards, 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines K-12 science standards for fifty states and the District of Columbia, as well as the science assessment framework of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The reviewers' aim is to evaluate them for their intrinsic clarity, completeness, and scientific correctness. Their earlier evaluations, as well as those…

Lerner, Lawrence S.; Goodenough, Ursula; Lynch, John; Schwartz, Martha; Schwartz, Richard

2012-01-01

58

State of the State's Rural Health  

E-print Network

, with comparisons among the rural and urban areas of the state. We expect this initial snapshot to provide a basis that is most widely accepted among those who conduct rural health research: the Rural-Urban Commuting Area in census tracts with urban and rural RUCA codes. Counties with more than 95 percent of their population

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

59

StateMaster.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, created by StateMaster.com, is a statistical database, which allows you to research and compare different data on US states. Information is compiled from various primary sources, such as the US Census Bureau, the FBI, and the National Center for Educational Statistics. The site also provides pie charts, maps, graphs and scatter plots. There are also map and flag images, state profiles, and correlations.

2009-03-05

60

Tricomi Coherent States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We construct explicit families of coherent states whose parametrization permits an arbitrarily small deviation from conventional coherent states. They possess the resolution of unity with a positive weight function given as the solution of a Stieltjes power-moment problem, with moments analytically expressible through Tricomi's confluent hypergeometric function. These states are in general squeezed, can be either sub- or super-Poissonian in nature, and induce a deformation of the metric of the complex plane.

Sixdeniers, J.-M.; Penson, K. A.; Klauder, J. R.

61

United States Travel Challenge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Find out everything you might need (or want) to know about the states in the U.S. Students, You have been assigned two states to research as part of our United States history studies this year. Your task is to create a brochure or video that will entice people to come to your school. We will be presenting these to another grade level. Those students ...

Mrs. Glover

2008-10-01

62

State Energy Data System  

EIA Publications

The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) source for comprehensive state energy statistics. Included are estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Production and consumption estimates begin with the year 1960 while price and expenditure estimates begin with 1970. The multidimensional completeness of SEDS allows users to make comparisons across states, energy sources, sectors, and over time.

2013-01-01

63

New squeezed landau states  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We introduce a new set of squeezed states through the coupled two-mode squeezed operator. It is shown that their behavior is simpler than the correlated coherent states introduced by Dodonov, Kurmyshev, and Man'ko in order to quantum mechanically describe the Landau system, i.e., a planar charged particle in a uniform magnetic field. We compare results for both sets of squeezed states.

Aragone, C.

1993-01-01

64

Small Business State Profiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Office of Advocacy of the US Small Business Administration (discussed in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics) profiles small businesses in all states for 1995-1997 and small businesses in the entire US for 1997 at this site. The profiles are snapshot views that include such topics as the number of businesses, income, minority businesses, turnover, finance, job growth, and industries. As such, they can help users quickly and easily gauge the state of small business in a state, a region, or the United States as a whole.

2007-04-25

65

Rotating quantum states  

E-print Network

We revisit the definition of rotating thermal states for scalar and fermion fields in unbounded Minkowski space-time. For scalar fields such states are ill-defined everywhere, but for fermion fields an appropriate definition of the vacuum gives thermal states regular inside the speed-of-light surface. For a massless fermion field, we derive analytic expressions for the thermal expectation values of the fermion current and stress-energy tensor. These expressions may provide qualitative insights into the behaviour of thermal rotating states on more complex space-time geometries.

Victor E. Ambru?; Elizabeth Winstanley

2014-01-24

66

Michigan State University Alumni Association MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

Michigan State University Alumni Association Bylaws #12;2 MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY ALUMNI of the organization shall be the Michigan State University Alumni Association (hereinafter, the "Association"). Section 2 Mission Statement The Michigan State University Alumni Association supports and enhances

67

Sonoma State University Portland State University Transfer Worksheet  

E-print Network

Sonoma State University Portland State University Transfer Worksheet College-level transferable academic courses taken at Sonoma State University (SSU), will transfer to Portland State University (PSU. Degree Requirements (BA, BS) #12;Sonoma State University Portland State University 2. DEGREE REQUIREMENTS

Caughman, John

68

78 FR 4439 - United States  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Division United States v. Oklahoma State Chiropractic Independent Physicians Association...States of America v. Oklahoma State Chiropractic Independent Physicians Association...from establishing prices or terms for chiropractic services. Copies of the...

2013-01-22

69

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL BULLETIN  

E-print Network

on the Unlawful Possession, Use, or Distribution of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol ....... 11 The Florida State Sexual Harassment Policy................................9 Florida State University Statement for Students University Alcohol Policy 11 The Florida State University State and Local Penalties

Ronquist, Fredrik

70

OKLAHOMA STATE June 30, 2011  

E-print Network

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2011 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2011 AUDITED.................................................................................................59 Discretely Presented Component Units Oklahoma State University Foundation..............................................................................................76 OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY DETAILED SCHEDULE OF EXPENDITURES OF FEDERAL AWARDS General University

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

71

OKLAHOMA STATE June 30, 2009  

E-print Network

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2009 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY June 30, 2009 AUDITED ..........................................................................................................56 Discretely Presented Component Units Oklahoma State University Foundation..............................................................................................71 OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY DETAILED SCHEDULE OF EXPENDITURES OF FEDERAL AWARDS General University

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

72

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY  

E-print Network

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2009 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

73

Oklahoma State University Purchasing Card  

E-print Network

Oklahoma State University Purchasing Card Guidelines Oklahoma State University Fiscal and Administrative Compliance 306 Whitehurst Stillwater, OK 74078 http://faac.okstate.edu August 2011 Oklahoma State University Purchasing Card Guidelines Fiscal and Administrative Compliance Oklahoma State University #12;Page

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

74

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY  

E-print Network

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2010 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

75

United States Department of  

E-print Network

(Populus tremuloides) in the Western United States and a New Tool for Surveying Aspen Decline Toni Lyn of the potential effects of climate change on quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) in the Western United States of the effects of climate on the distribution and growth of quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx

Standiford, Richard B.

76

State alternative route designations  

SciTech Connect

Pursuant to the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA), the Department of Transportation (DOT) has promulgated a comprehensive set of regulations regarding the highway transportation of high-level radioactive materials. These regulations, under HM-164 and HM-164A, establish interstate highways as the preferred routes for the transportation of radioactive materials within and through the states. The regulations also provide a methodology by which a state may select alternative routes. First,the state must establish a ``state routing agency,`` defined as an entity authorized to use the state legal process to impose routing requirements on carriers of radioactive material (49 CFR 171.8). Once identified, the state routing agency must select routes in accordance with Large Quantity Shipments of Radioactive Materials or an equivalent routing analysis. Adjoining states and localities should be consulted on the impact of proposed alternative routes as a prerequisite of final route selection. Lastly, the states must provide written notice of DOT of any alternative route designation before the routes are deemed effective.

Not Available

1989-07-01

77

State alternative route designations  

SciTech Connect

Pursuant to the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA), the Department of Transportation (DOT) has promulgated a comprehensive set of regulations regarding the highway transportation of high-level radioactive materials. These regulations, under HM-164 and HM-164A, establish interstate highways as the preferred routes for the transportation of radioactive materials within and through the states. The regulations also provide a methodology by which a state may select alternative routes. First,the state must establish a state routing agency,'' defined as an entity authorized to use the state legal process to impose routing requirements on carriers of radioactive material (49 CFR 171.8). Once identified, the state routing agency must select routes in accordance with Large Quantity Shipments of Radioactive Materials or an equivalent routing analysis. Adjoining states and localities should be consulted on the impact of proposed alternative routes as a prerequisite of final route selection. Lastly, the states must provide written notice of DOT of any alternative route designation before the routes are deemed effective.

Not Available

1989-07-01

78

Education and Fragile States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the fragile states agendas and policies of development agencies and organisations education is of concern; education is a social service sector in which the impacts of state fragility are significant, in terms of access and quality of provision for children, working conditions and support for teachers, good governance and legitimacy for the…

Kirk, Jackie

2007-01-01

79

Matter: States of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation is showing the motion of molecules in three states of matter; ice crystals, liquid water, and boiling water/steam. Users can "zoom in" to "view" water's molecular arrangement and motion in each state. The resource includes descriptive text to support the animations.

Anthony Carpi, Ph.D.

80

Chiropractic. New York State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A reference guide to laws, rules, and regulations that govern the chiropractic practice in New York State is presented. After an overview of professional regulation in the state, licensing requirements/procedures for chiropractors are described. Provisions of Title VIII, Articles 130 and 132, of the Education Law are also covered, along with…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.

81

Solid-state nanopores  

Microsoft Academic Search

The passage of individual molecules through nanosized pores in membranes is central to many processes in biology. Previously, experiments have been restricted to naturally occurring nanopores, but advances in technology now allow artificial solid-state nanopores to be fabricated in insulating membranes. By monitoring ion currents and forces as molecules pass through a solid-state nanopore, it is possible to investigate a

Cees Dekker

2007-01-01

82

States of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is a lab investigation where students observe the four states of matter. At the end of the investigation students should be able to know that the differences among the physical states depend on the distance between the atoms or molecules and on the rate of movement of the atoms or molecules. And, that pressure and temperature control these two factors.

83

Solid state DTV transmitters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The developments in RF power transistor technology makes solid state transmitters economically attractive for UHF DTV terrestrial transmissions. These transmitters will probably use silicon bipolar, MOS or silicon carbide static induction transistors (SIT) in the RF power amplifiers. This paper examines these RF transistor technologies. In addition, this paper provides an overview of a typical DTV solid state transmitter. The

C. Davis; J. Hawkins

1997-01-01

84

Centennial State Libraries, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of 12 consecutive issues of the monthly "Centennial State Libraries" newsletter, of the Colorado Department of Education, State Library and Adult Education Office. The issues cover the year 1998. Each issue of the newsletter--except the August issue which is an Annual Report--includes some or all of the following sections:…

Parent, Kathleen D., Ed.

1998-01-01

85

States of Consciousness  

PubMed Central

The art of psychiatry offers many different viewpoints from which to catalog behavior and thinking styles and, therefore, many physicians tend to have difficulty in conceptualizing features of behavioral medicine. A classification of states of consciousness with clinical examples of such states is presented to aid in a more clear understanding of human behavior. PMID:7365821

Bell, Carl C.

1980-01-01

86

Healthcare. State Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report projects education requirements linked to forecasted job growth in healthcare by state and the District of Columbia from 2010 through 2020. It complements a larger national report which projects educational demand for healthcare for the same time period. The national report shows that with or without Obamacare, the United States will…

Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Gulish, Artem; Beach, Bennett H.

2012-01-01

87

State and local governments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Virginia Space Grant Consortium approach to a close working relation to state and local governments is presented as a model for consideration. State government relations are especially important in that this is a primary resource in securing matching funds. Avenues for establishing these relationships are listed and discussed.

Barnes, Dennis

1990-01-01

88

Qubit State Discrimination  

E-print Network

We show how one can solve the problem of discriminating between qubit states. We use the quantum state discrimination duality theorem and the Bloch sphere representation of qubits which allows for an easy geometric and analytical representation of the optimal guessing strategies.

M. E. Deconinck; B. M. Terhal

2010-02-23

89

Qubit state discrimination  

SciTech Connect

We show how one can solve the problem of discriminating between qubit states. We use the quantum state discrimination duality theorem and the Bloch sphere representation of qubits, which allows for an easy geometric and analytical representation of the optimal guessing strategies.

Deconinck, Matthieu E. [Telecom ParisTech, 37/39 rue Dareau, F-75014 Paris (France); Terhal, Barbara M. [IBM Watson Research Center, Post Office Box 218, Yorktown Heights, New York 10598 (United States)

2010-06-15

90

Tennessee State Parks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

People might know Tennessee for its fabulous Great Smoky Mountains, but have you ever heard of the Cedars of Lebanon or Fall Creek Falls? Oh yes, those two gems are just a small part of the Tennessee State Park system. After looking at some of the beautiful images on the Tennessee State Parks homepage, visitors can explore the Popular Places People Want to Go section to get a taste of the diverse hiking trails, restaurants, camp sites, and other features that are contained throughout the park system. Visitors can also look over over a dozen topical areas, including What to do?, Park Information, and Resource Management. Policy enthusiasts will appreciate the "Estimated Economic Impacts of Tennessee State Parks" report, that is also featured on the homepage, and travelers will love the "Upcoming Events at Tennessee State Parks" area, as it provides a taste of what they might expect on a visit to the Volunteer State.

91

State Gasoline Taxes  

E-print Network

because they were the ones heard before the Supreme Court of the United States and furnished the precedent for nearly all the later cases in lower courts. B. In the Circuit Courts of Appeal In Pierce Oil Corporation v. Hopkins, County Clerk et al... to State ftrt C. Proceeds to State and County Sf 1. Methods of Distribution fit 2. Comment on Methods of Distribution .... St D. Proceeds for Other Purposes than Roads 70 E. Proceeds to Counties 71 F. Conclusions on Distribution 7 CHAPTER VI...

Learned, Edmund Philip

1925-03-15

92

State Data Map  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This application uses percentages to shade in a map of the United States. It displays ten different data sets and their proportional relationships across the nation and offers an option to generate random numbers. Each state is represented by its number value in the data set and then shaded based on its percentage of the greatest value. A box and whisker plot is provided as well as mean, median, lower quartile, and upper quartile. This application is used in a related resource that is cataloged separately, "State Data (Illuminations)".

2012-01-01

93

State of the Beach  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This annual Surfrider Foundation report surveys the state of the beaches in coastal and Great Lakes states that are home to Foundation chapters. Each state is rated based on the availability of information and status of eight indicators, including beach access, Website access, surf zone water quality, and beach erosion, among others. The report is written from the perspective of a "concerned local citizen" and aimed at "the people who use and care most about this precious resource." The online report contains six sections, including an executive summary, an explanation of the indicators, conclusions, and recommendations.

2000-01-01

94

State Data (Illuminations)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson plan students use various types of visual representation to compare data about the number of letters in the name of each state; students create bar graphs from which they find the Mean, Median, Mode, and Range of their data set (10 states only). These data landmarks and visual representations are used to compare their data with their classmates. The lesson plan includes a grid paper document for creating the bar graph and a link to an applet for a State Data Map (cataloged separately).

Grace M. Burton

2012-01-01

95

State Legislative Search Guide State Childhood Obesity Policy Evaluation (SCOPE) State Legislative Search Guide  

E-print Network

State Legislative Search Guide State Childhood Obesity Policy Evaluation (SCOPE) I State at the following address: http://prcstl.wustl.edu/Documents/Condensed%202011%20State%20Legislative%20Search%20Guide.pdf that can provide topical introductions to legislation across the states. State Childhood Obesity Policy

96

State Nuclear Profiles  

EIA Publications

Presents a summary of current and recent historical data for the nuclear power industry. The data focuses on net summer capacity and net generation for each state, as well as plant specific information for 2010.

2012-01-01

97

State Electricity Profiles  

EIA Publications

The annual report contains data tables describing the electricity industry in each state. Data include generating capability, electricity generation, fuel use and prices, retail sales, emissions, and net interstate transfers of electricity.

2014-01-01

98

Michigan State University Press  

E-print Network

Michigan State University Press FALL/ WINTER 2013 #12;MICHIGANSTATEUNIVERSITYPRESS This symbol:PALEOLITHICANIMALART.CAVELIONSATGROTTECHAUVET.PHOTO:DONHITCHCOCKFROMANIMALSASNEIGHBORS. INSIDECOVERIMAGE:STENAANECHRISTINE.BORNINDENMARKOCTOBER26,1864.SHEWASARESIDENTOFDIXON,AKENTCOUNTY,MICHIGAN,COMMUNITYCLOSETOTHEDANISHSETTLEMENTOF TRUFANTINMONTCALMCOUNTY.COURTESYOFTHEFLATRIVERHISTORICALSOCIETY,GREENVILLE,MICHIGAN,FROMDANESANDICELANDERSINMICHIGAN. NEW

Liu, Taosheng

99

United States Department of  

E-print Network

; (middle, from left) regeneration in a forest gap, by Malcolm North; chipmunk on a log surrounded by shrub with the States and private forest owners, and management of the National Forests and National Grasslands

North, Malcolm

100

United States Department of  

E-print Network

with the States and private forest owners, and management of the National Forests and National Grasslands gaps that challenge government agencies in the theme areas of (1) air quality, (2) water quality, (3

Standiford, Richard B.

101

State Organ Donation Legislation  

MedlinePLUS

... Search Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. Indicates a legal connection ... Donor Support Voluntary Contributions State-Provided Funds UAGA Version Donor Designation Registries Driver’s Lic. Schools Driver Education ...

102

Florida State Bowling Team  

E-print Network

on equipment but nothing free. In addition we will continue our involvement with the Applied Sports Psychology successful sports programs on campus and continue to build the legacy of more than 50 years of Florida State

Sura, Philip

103

Ground State Spin Logic  

E-print Network

Designing and optimizing cost functions and energy landscapes is a problem encountered in many fields of science and engineering. These landscapes and cost functions can be embedded and annealed in experimentally controllable spin Hamiltonians. Using an approach based on group theory and symmetries, we examine the embedding of Boolean logic gates into the ground state subspace of such spin systems. We describe parameterized families of diagonal Hamiltonians and symmetry operations which preserve the ground state subspace encoding the truth tables of Boolean formulas. The ground state embeddings of adder circuits are used to illustrate how gates are combined and simplified using symmetry. Our work is relevant for experimental demonstrations of ground state embeddings found in both classical optimization as well as adiabatic quantum optimization.

J. D. Whitfield; M. Faccin; J. D. Biamonte

2012-05-08

104

United States Department d  

E-print Network

United States Department d Agriculture Forest Service Protecting Residences Fmm ires:a guide and zoning, property development, structural design and constrution, landscaping, accessories, occupant hazard reduction, water supply (residential), urban-wildland fire interface, insurance, construction

Standiford, Richard B.

105

State Air Quality Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents in tabular form the air quality standards for sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, photochemicals, non-methane hydrocarbons and particulates for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. (CS)

Pollution Engineering, 1978

1978-01-01

106

Regions of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What influences where people live in the United States? Essential Concepts and/or Skills from the IOWA CORE can be found: Link for IOWA CORE What are your guiding questions? Use the following resources to get to know the states in the particular regions of the USA 50 States Practice Regions of the United States Teacherfirst 50 states Map and Facts of the United States United States HIstory Link ...

Evans, Ms.

2011-12-09

107

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA OFFICE OF STATE HUMAN RESOURCES  

E-print Network

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA OFFICE OF STATE HUMAN RESOURCES 1331 MAIL SERVICE CENTER · RALEIGH, NC 27699-1331 PAT MCCRORY C. NEAL ALEXANDER, JR. GOVERNOR STATE HUMAN RESOURCES DIRECTOR August 21, 2013 Dear Fellow State Employees, As you may be aware, HB 834, Modern State Human Resources Management

Thaxton, Christopher S.

108

State of the Climate 2014: References | 1 State of the  

E-print Network

) Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special ReportState of the Climate 2014: References | 1 State of the CSIRO and Bureau of Meteorology (2014): State of the Climate 2014. 16 pp. · www.csiro.au/State-of-the-Climate-2014 · www.bom.gov.au/state-of-the-climate

Greenslade, Diana

109

See Your State From Space!  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Each of the 50 States in the United States is beautiful in its own way. That beauty can be seen from a unique perspective using satellite images taken from high above the Earth. These State images were created from multiple satellite images stitched together into one seamless image for each State. Names of major cities, administrative boundaries, and State flags have been added.

U.S. Geological Survey

2008-01-01

110

Maryland State Data Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1978, the US Census established a cooperative program with the 50 states to "make census information available locally through a network of State agencies, universities, libraries, and regional and local governments." As part of this effort, the Maryland Department of Planning, in cooperation with the State Library Resource Center (Enoch Pratt) and the University of Maryland's Computer Science Center, has produced an excellent Website posting up-to-date and archival data on the demographics of Maryland. "Sample profiles of 1990 census data, historic trends and forecasts are available here for Maryland, its six planning regions and jurisdictions" with charts highlighting key items from the profiles. Projections from this data include population, race, age, households, labor force, jobs, income, and school enrollment. Recent posts to the Website provide data on socioeconomic profiles of Maryland residents, foreign immigration to Maryland from 1992-1998, household median and mean income estimates, new school enrollment projections, and IRS-monitored state-to-state migration. Documents are posted in HTML, with some also available in .pdf format for printing.

111

Information Equation of State  

E-print Network

Landauer's principle is applied to information in the universe. Once stars began forming, the increasing proportion of matter at high stellar temperatures compensated for the expanding universe to provide a near constant information energy density. The information equation of state was close to the dark energy value, w = -1, for a wide range of redshifts, 10> z >0.8, over one half of cosmic time. A reasonable universe information bit content of only 10^87 bits is sufficient for information energy to account for all dark energy. A time varying equation of state with a direct link between dark energy and matter, and linked to star formation in particular, is clearly relevant to the cosmic coincidence problem.In answering the "Why now?" question we wonder "What next?" as we expect the information equation of state to tend towards w = 0 in the future.

Paul Gough

2008-08-07

112

Vatican City State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On February 11, 1929 the Vatican City State was inaugurated with the signing of the Lateran Accords. With its motto, "A small territory with a great mission", the State is celebrating its 80th anniversary with a number of celebrations this year. This very fine site brings together a veritable cornucopia of information about the Vatican City State, including information about its governance structure, monuments, and philatelic culture. Visitors can start their journey by looking at webcams that provide a top-notch view of St. Peter's Square and the Governorate Palace. Moving on, visitors can also click on the "History" section to learn about the long history of the Vatican, and how the term has been used over the millennia. Visitors can also listen in to Vatican Radio, and check up on official news releases from the Vatican Information Service.

113

Exciting flavored bound states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study ground and radial excitations of flavor singlet and flavored pseudoscalar mesons within the framework of the rainbow-ladder truncation using an infrared massive and finite interaction in agreement with recent results for the gluon-dressing function from lattice QCD and Dyson-Schwinger equations. Whereas the ground-state masses and decay constants of the light mesons as well as charmonia are well described, we confirm previous observations that this truncation is inadequate to provide realistic predictions for the spectrum of excited and exotic states. Moreover, we find a complex conjugate pair of eigenvalues for the excited D(s) mesons, which indicates a non-Hermiticity of the interaction kernel in the case of heavy-light systems and the present truncation. Nevertheless, limiting ourselves to the leading contributions of the Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes, we find a reasonable description of the charmed ground states and their respective decay constants.

Rojas, E.; El-Bennich, B.; de Melo, J. P. B. C.

2014-10-01

114

Parametric State Space Structuring  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Structured approaches based on Kronecker operators for the description and solution of the infinitesimal generator of a continuous-time Markov chains are receiving increasing interest. However, their main advantage, a substantial reduction in the memory requirements during the numerical solution, comes at a price. Methods based on the "potential state space" allocate a probability vector that might be much larger than actually needed. Methods based on the "actual state space", instead, have an additional logarithmic overhead. We present an approach that realizes the advantages of both methods with none of their disadvantages, by partitioning the local state spaces of each submodel. We apply our results to a model of software rendezvous, and show how they reduce memory requirements while, at the same time, improving the efficiency of the computation.

Ciardo, Gianfranco; Tilgner, Marco

1997-01-01

115

California State Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Those persons with an interest in the history and government of the Golden State will love the California State Archives, which were originally chartered to receive "�all public records, registered maps, books, papers, rolls, documents and other writings�which appertain to or are in any way connected with the political history and past administration of the government of California." On the site, visitors can learn about the local government records program, look over state government oral histories, or consider the particulars of the graduate internship program. In the Collections area, visitors can examine past iterations of California's constitution, take a look at select pieces of legislation, and browse Spanish and Mexican land grants. Finally, visitors can look through the fascinating working papers of the 1878-1879 Constitutional Convention, the site's first formal digitized collection.

2012-01-01

116

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY PHILANTHROPIST AWARD  

E-print Network

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY PHILANTHROPIST AWARD The MSU Alumni Association annually seeks and accepts nominations for the Michigan State University PHILANTHROPIST AWARD. This award is presented-going financial support and leadership to Michigan State University. The candidates will have demonstrated

117

Florida State University General Bulletin  

E-print Network

of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol .......16 The Florida State University Alcohol Policy 16 The Florida State/AIDS Policy ...........................................14 Sexual Harassment Policy State University Health Risks of Illicit Drugs.................................................18

Hull, Elaine

118

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL BULLETIN  

E-print Network

on the Unlawful Possession, Use, or Distribution of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol ....... 11 The Florida State Sexual Harassment Policy................................9 Florida State University Statement for Students University Alcohol Policy ......................................................... 11 The Florida State

Weston, Ken

119

Measurement enhancement for state estimation  

E-print Network

to accurately monitor the system operating state. State estimation is an essential tool in an energy management system (EMS). It is responsible for providing an accurate and correct estimate for the system operating state based on the available measurements...

Chen, Jian

2009-05-15

120

Changing States of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about states of matter. Learners will explore the conditions required for water to be in a liquid state. They discover that temperature is the essential variable. They then explore how temperature affects the motion of molecules and molecular bonds. The lesson models scientific inquiry using the 5E instructional model and includes teacher notes, prerequisite concepts, common misconceptions, student journal and reading. This is lesson 5 in the Astro-Venture Astronomy Unit. The lessons are designed for educators to use in conjunction with the Astro-Venture multimedia modules.

121

State Population Projections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson plan students create graphs and analyze data based on the data provided by the United States Census Bureau. Students choose five states to focus on and create a bar graph for each, then students compare the data represented in the graphs and answer questions about the data. The lesson includes student activity sheet, the link to the U.S. Census Bureau is no longer active, please follow this link instead: http://www.census.gov/population/projections/files/stateproj/stpjpop.txt

Burton, Grace M.; Midgett, Carol

2008-01-01

122

State Personal Income Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial and Statistical Data Center at the University of Virginia offers a database of state personal income from 1958 to 1997. The database may be searched by ten fields including US state, personal income by major source and earnings by industry, wage and salary disbursements by industry and by year, and regional economic profiles. Users can select from a pick list of options for each field, and the accompanying helpful notes sections provide explanatory footnotes for each pick list. The database may be queried by one field or a combination of several fields.

123

Coherent States Measurement Entropy  

E-print Network

Coherent states (CS) quantum entropy can be split into two components. The dynamical entropy is linked with the dynamical properties of a quantum system. The measurement entropy, which tends to zero in the semiclassical limit, describes the unpredictability induced by the process of a quantum approximate measurement. We study the CS--measurement entropy for spin coherent states defined on the sphere discussing different methods dealing with the time limit $n \\to \\infty$. In particular we propose an effective technique of computing the entropy by iterated function systems. The dependence of CS--measurement entropy on the character of the partition of the phase space is analysed.

Jaroslaw Kwapien; Wojciech Slomczynski; Karol Zyczkowski

1996-04-18

124

United States of Agriculture  

E-print Network

: Richard H. Smith, a research emtomologist, was Project Leader--Forest Insect Research, headquartered resins in resistance, and on the biology, ecology, and control of forest insect pests. Before joining locations in the eastern and southern United States. Cover Image: Chapter 6, Figure 6-2. #12;Xylem

Standiford, Richard B.

125

United States Department of  

E-print Network

Timothy E. Paysen Jeanine A. Derby Hugh Black, Jr. Vernon C. Bleich John W. Mincks #12;Authors: TIMOTHY E Classification System Applied to Southern California Timothy E. Paysen Jeanine A. Derby Hugh Black. Jr. Vernon, with headquarters at Riverside, Calif. He eamed a B.S. degree in forest management at Humboldt State College (1969

Standiford, Richard B.

126

Portland State University. Exemplars.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes efforts by Portland State University (Oregon) (PSU) to undertake administrative restructuring, reinvent the curriculum with an interdisciplinary focus, and initiate experiential learning programs that benefit both students and the community. By reducing support staff and middle management, PSU freed up funds to create a…

Iannozzi, Maria

127

United States Department of  

E-print Network

United States Department of Five Southern California Oaks: Agriculture Forest Service) in plant physiology at the University of California, Riverside. He is now an associate professor at Riverside City College. Cover: (Left) This 60-foot tall coast live oak in Riverside County was heavily

Standiford, Richard B.

128

United States Departmentof  

E-print Network

. If it were possible to sell mer- chantable logs (removed as part of forest health treatments) for an average Acknowledgments Small-scalegasification plants that generate electrical energy from forest health thinnings mayUnited States Departmentof Agriculture Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory General Technical

Fried, Jeremy S.

129

dddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd United States  

E-print Network

moisture is key to growing quality wine grapes, but accurately monitoring the soil's water content crops, researchers chose wine grapes to test the GPR approach because it is a high-cash crop is in California, and wine is the state's most valuable finished agricultural product, with an industry valued

Hubbard, Susan

130

Stripping for the State  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines whole body imaging technologies in contemporary airport security contexts. Situating these technologies more broadly within histories of aviation and theories of mobility, we examine how discourses of technological efficiency and freedom of movement work to obscure the ever-expanding surveillance practices of the state. While whole body imaging technologies are marketed as objective and neutral, we investigate how

Shoshana Magnet; Tara Rodgers

2011-01-01

131

Washington State Electric Vehicle  

E-print Network

Washington State Electric Vehicle Implementation Bryan Bazard Maintenance and Alternate Fuel Technology Manager #12;Executive Order 14-04 Requires the procurement of electric vehicles where and equipment with electricity or biofuel to the "extent practicable" by June 2015 1. The vehicle is due

California at Davis, University of

132

Colorado State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Colorado State University (CSU) is located in Fort Collins, which is a midsize city of 134,000 situated in Northern Colorado at the western edge of the Great Plains and at the base of the Rocky Mountains. CSU's total enrollment is approximately 25,000 students. The Division of Student Affairs comprises 30 departments organized into programmatic…

McKelfresh, David A.; Bender, Kim K.

2009-01-01

133

Portland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING  

E-print Network

in compliance with the University Housing Handbook and Student Code of Conduct and in a reasonable mannerPortland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING FAMILY MEMBER CONFIRMATION FORM *UNIVERSITY HOUSING OFFICE *625. DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS (Please bring originals ­ copies will be made at the University Housing Office.) 1

Bertini, Robert L.

134

United States Department of  

E-print Network

for the endangered Cheat Mountain salamander and the recently delisted Virginia northern flying squirrel. ThereforeUnited States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northern Research Station Research Paper NRS.S. Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Parsons, WV 26287. Cover Photo A high-elevation landscape

135

United States Department of  

E-print Network

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northern Research Station Research Paper NRS development adversely impacts moisture-sensitive woodland salamanders, our results suggest that maintained gas between northern hardwood forests and wildlife openings in the southern Appalachians of North Carolina

136

United States Department of  

E-print Network

are thought to contribute to carbon sequestration, including current debates on this topic. The science regarding forestry and carbon sequestration is more advanced and less controversial than that for range, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

137

FCC State Link  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers interested in telecommunications industry data and trends may download Federal Communications Commission (FCC) reports at the FCC State Link page. Archived documents are arranged by topic and may include specific information such as telephone industry revenues, rates, and market shares.

138

WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY BIOSTATISTICS  

E-print Network

WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY BIOSTATISTICS Want your math skills to have a real-world impact? Consider a Master in Public Health in Biostatistics. Public health biostatisticians are concerned with disease in Biostatistics Gives You: A broad knowledge and understanding of statistical methods used in public health

Berdichevsky, Victor

139

The Kent State Coverup.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A definitive account of the May 4, 1970 Kent State shootings and the trial that followed is presented by the lawyer who served as chief counsel for the 13 victims. Part One, "The Long Road to the Cleveland Courthouse," provides all the information on the victims, the shootings, and preparation for the trial. Part Two, "At Last, Our Day in Court,"…

Kelner, Joseph; Munves, James

140

United States Department of  

E-print Network

damage to green, white, black, blue and pumpkin ash throughout the Midwest and Northeast United States Report NRS-112 Modeling the Effects of Emerald Ash Borer on Forest Composition in the Midwest ash borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire; EAB) has caused considerable damage to the ash (Fraxinus spp

141

BENZODIAZEPINES IN PSYCHOTIC STATES  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Benzodiazepines are primarily used for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder, insomnia and status epilepticus. These drugs can also be useful in hyperaroused states, catatonic stupor, manic episodes, and akathisia. This paper will review indications for their use in various psychotic conditions. PMID:21743606

Ananth, Jambur; Solano, Olusegun

1993-01-01

142

The State of Albania  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These reports from the International Crisis Group (ICG) provide information about the volatile socio-political situation in the South Balkans, specifically in the nations of Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. The State of Albania summarizes the current political, social, and economic conditions in Albania.

1999-01-01

143

State Health Facts  

MedlinePLUS

... of the growing Medicaid managed care market. View Data Site Navigation TOPICS Disparities Policy Global Health Policy Health Costs Health Reform HIV/AIDS Medicaid Medicare Private Insurance Uninsured Women's Health Policy OUR WORK Polling State Health Facts Global Health Facts Kaiser ...

144

Bound states of quarks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review consists of two parts, the phenomenology of non-relativistic potential models and the theoretical understanding of the forces between quarks. The first part reports on the description of hadrons as bound states of quarks by non-relativistic potential models. It starts with a brief sketch of the way in which information on the interquark potential may be gained from quantum

Wolfgang Lucha; Franz F. Schöberl; Dieter Gromes

1991-01-01

145

Energy States of Molecules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses molecular spectroscopy arising from transitions within rotational, vibrational, and electronic energy states. Using quantum mechanical formuli, the author describes how these spectroscopic methods can be used to determine internuclear distances, bond energies, bond angles, dipole moments, and other details. Concludes with a selected…

Hollenberg, J. Leland

1970-01-01

146

Colorado State Forest Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This public information site from Colorado State University offers sections on managing private and community forests, Colorado wildfires, fire rehabilitation, employment opportunities, and Project Learning Tree, a series of learning modules for K-12 students and educators that address current environmental topics and issues.

2002-10-16

147

New State of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents how minorities break color barriers in top administrative positions at Pennsylvania institutions. Pennsylvania, the state with the sixth-largest population in the country with more than 12 million people, reportedly has more than 450 public and private colleges, universities and career and technical training schools. "Diverse"…

Ford, William J.

2009-01-01

148

Keystone State of Confusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When high school seniors begin searching for the best school to fit their higher education goals, they may need a road map, tour guide and interpreter to help them sort through Pennsylvania's higher education universe. For sure there are seemingly endless choices--public, private, large, small, urban and rural. The Keystone State boasts nearly 200…

Stuart, Reginald

2009-01-01

149

Church and State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Church and state is discussed in four articles: "Religion, Separation, and Accommodation: A Recipe of Perfection?" (Delos B. McKown, Clifton B. Perry, pp. 2-7); "Public Religion: The Republican Banquet" (Martin E. Marty, pp. 8-9); "Religion in the 1980s" (Ernest van den Haag, pp. 10-11); and "Education in Religious Schools: The Conflict over…

National Forum: Phi Kappa Phi Journal, 1988

1988-01-01

150

State Map Poster  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a midterm project where students have the opportunity to investigate in-depth the physical features of a state. This poster project introduces students to diverse data and provides the opportunity to compare, contrast and interpret the data in a geologic context.

Abbott, Kathleen

151

Variational transition state theory  

SciTech Connect

This research program involves the development of variational transition state theory (VTST) and semiclassical tunneling methods for the calculation of gas-phase reaction rates and selected applications. The applications are selected for their fundamental interest and/or their relevance to combustion.

Truhlar, D.G. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)

1993-12-01

152

Quantum state targeting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce a primitive for quantum cryptography that we term “state targeting.” We show that increasing one’s probability of success in this task above a minimum amount implies an unavoidable increase in the probability of a particular kind of failure. This is analogous to the unavoidable disturbance to a quantum state that results from gaining information about its identity, and can be shown to be a purely quantum effect. We solve various optimization problems for state targeting that are useful for the security analysis of two-party cryptographic tasks implemented between remote antagonistic parties. Although we focus on weak coin flipping, the results are significant for other two-party protocols, such as strong coin flipping, partially binding and concealing bit commitment, and bit escrow. Furthermore, the results have significance not only for the traditional notion of security in cryptography, that of restricting a cheater’s ability to bias the outcome of the protocol, but also for a different notion of security that arises only in the quantum context, that of cheat sensitivity. Finally, our analysis leads to some interesting secondary results, namely, a generalization of Uhlmann’s theorem and an operational interpretation of the fidelity between two mixed states.

Rudolph, Terry; Spekkens, Robert W.

2004-11-01

153

STATE OF TENNESSEE PROCLAMATION  

E-print Network

STATE OF TENNESSEE PROCLAMATION BY THE GOVERNOR WHEREAS, nationwide approximately 6 million people have developmental disabilities; and WHEREAS, more than 110,000 adults and children in Tennessee have in communities across Tennessee; and WHEREAS, every person, regardless of ability, has valuable strengths

Cui, Yan

154

GIARDIASIS IN WASHINGTON STATE  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective was to determine the potential for transmission of giardiasis through approved drinking water supplies in Washington State. The project consisted of five studies: the first was conducted during trapping seasons (1976-1979) and resulted in examining of 656 beaver sto...

155

STATE/COUNTY BORDERS  

EPA Science Inventory

This data is available for the entire region. The level of detail is primarily suited for region/state/county/basin sized maps. The borders are not accurate enough for small areas like sub-basins and site areas. We use this coverage for general backgrounds and borders only. T...

156

Multiquark states and exotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The P-matrix approach to low-mass multiquark spectroscopy is reviewed, along with a critique of ''colour chemistry'' models for high-mass states. These questions are discussed in most detail for the Q2Q2 sector but the Q4Q and Q6 sectors are briefly mentioned. The possibility of a Q3 Glue exotic is also discussed.

Anthony J. G. Hey; A. J. G

1981-01-01

157

SETTLEMENT POINTS United States  

E-print Network

SETTLEMENT POINTS ! ! ( ( United States GRUMPv1 A t l a n t i c O c e a n Copyright 2009 Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the World Bank, and Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project

Columbia University

158

Utah State History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Utah State History website casts a broad net when they note that their mission is "to preserve and share the past for a better present and future." As a division of Utah's Department of Community and Culture, they reach out to the public through the work of this site and other entities, including the Utah State Historical Society. On their homepage, visitors will note that the site is divided into six primary sections, including "Program Areas", "Learning & Research", and "Experience History". The "Experience History" area is a good place to start, and visitors can learn about their preservation efforts and also learn about some of Utah's key historic sites. Moving on, the "Learning and Research" area provides timelines of Utah's history, access to a large online archive of photographs, and information on locating cemetery records in the state. Finally, the "Program Areas" section features information about their research center and the Utah State Historical Society and their featured publication, the Utah Historical Quarterly.

159

Create Your State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students are often encouraged to work together with their classmates, sometimes with other classes, occasionally with kids at other schools, but rarely with kids across the country. In this article the authors describe the Create Your State project, a collaborative nationwide project inspired by the Texas Chair Project wherein the artist, Damien…

Dunham, Kris; Melvin, Samantha

2011-01-01

160

United States Department of  

E-print Network

in human resource and community assistance programs to improve living conditions in rural areas q Research Service, 3625-93rd Ave. S.W., Olympia, WA 98512 · John F. Piatt, research biologist, Alaska Science Center, DC 20090-6090. #12;Federal Recycling Program Printed on Recycled Paper UnitedStates Departmentof

Standiford, Richard B.

161

State Archaeological Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this conference was on programs and experiences in public archaeological education in the Plains states and immediate neighbors. The contents lists the following papers: (1) "Introduction to the Symposium" (William B. Butler); (2) "Archaeological Educational Programs in Colorado" (Kevin D. Black); (3) "Statewide Archaeological…

Butler, William B., Ed.

162

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, MANAGEMENT/  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FULLERTON RISK MANAGEMENT/ ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY ANNUAL REPORT June & INSTRUCTIONAL SAFETY T-1400 714-278-SAFE #12;2007 ­ 2008 Risk Management Annual Report Page 2 I. Executive management costs against the System average. In 2008-09, the University's risk pool contributions for CSURMA

de Lijser, Peter

163

Coma / Vegetative State  

MedlinePLUS

... for fewer than 20 minutes 15 – full consciousness Secondary injury Sometimes what’s called a secondary injury can make being in a coma or vegetative state even more dire. These secondary injuries can include infections, pneumonia, and bedsores. People emerging ...

164

Solid State Lighting  

SciTech Connect

The article discusses solid state lighting technologies. This topic was covered in two previous ASHRAE Journal columns (2010). This article covers advancements in technologies and the associated efficacies. The life-cycle, energy savings and market potential of these technologies are addressed as well.

Hastbacka, Mildred; Dieckmann, John; Bouza, Antonio

2013-03-30

165

United States of Agriculture  

E-print Network

. Kinney Lynda C. Smithman #12;The Authors Warren P. Clary is the Project Leader of the Intermoun- tainStateUniversity,andaPh.D.degreeinenviron- mental biology at the University of Colorado. She joined the Forest Service in 1989. John W. Kinney

166

United States Department of  

E-print Network

. Information from three case studies illustrates the extent to which cooperatives' organizational structure may that their organizational structure makes them uniquely quali- fied to fill. They must also seek member response, concentration, globalization, agency theory Cooperatives in a Changing Global Food System United States

Wang, Changlu

167

Inferences about mental states  

PubMed Central

Human social cognition relies on an ability to predict what others will think, feel or do in novel situations. Research in social neuroscience has consistently observed several brain regions that contribute ubiquitously to these abilities, including medial prefrontal cortex and aspects of lateral and medial parietal cortex. Interestingly, parallel work has suggested that this same network of regions subserves several seemingly distinct phenomena—notably, the abilities to remember the past, imagine the future and visualize spatial layouts—suggesting the existence of a common set of cognitive processes devoted to projecting oneself into worlds that differ mentally, temporally or physically from one's current experience. This use of self-projection to understand others' minds requires perceivers to solve three distinct cognitive challenges: (i) generating a simulated facsimile of one's own hypothetical mental states in a given situation, (ii) suppressing one's own current mental states, and (iii) deciding on the appropriateness of simulated states for understanding a particular other person. The present paper reviews recent psychology and neuroscience research aimed at understanding the underlying mechanisms that allow humans to solve each of these cognitive challenges to use self-projection to predict and understand the mental states of others. PMID:19528012

Mitchell, Jason P.

2009-01-01

168

Designing State Aid Formulas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper designs a new equalization-aid formula based on fiscal gaps of local communities. When states are in transition to a new local aid formula, the issue of whether and how to hold existing aid harmless poses a challenge. The authors show that some previous studies and the formulas derived from them give differential weights to existing and…

Zhao, Bo; Bradbury, Katharine

2009-01-01

169

Zooming into market states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze the daily stock data of the Nasdaq Composite index in the 22 year period 1992–2013 and identify market states as clusters of correlation matrices with similar correlation structures. We investigate the stability of the correlation structure of each state by estimating the statistical fluctuations of true correlations due to their non-stationarity. Our study is based on a random matrix approach recently introduced to model the non-stationarity of correlations by an ensemble of random matrices. This approach reduces the complexity of the correlated market to two parameters, one of which measures the fluctuations of the correlations and can be determined directly from the empirical return distributions. This parameter characterizes the stability of the correlation structure of each market state as well as the dynamics of the correlation structure in the whole observation period. We find clear indications for correlation fluctuations within market states. The analysis reveals an intriguing relationship between average correlation and correlation fluctuations. The strongest fluctuations occur during periods of high average correlation which is the case particularly in times of crisis.

Chetalova, Desislava; Schäfer, Rudi; Guhr, Thomas

2015-01-01

170

State Skill Standards: Welding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide occupational skill standards. The standards in this document are for welding programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. The writing team determined that any statewide…

Pointer, Mike; Naylor, Randy; Warden, John; Senek, Gene; Shirley, Charles; Lefcourt, Lew; Munson, Justin; Johnson, Art

2005-01-01

171

EHF Solid State Amplifier  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two 5 watts Q-band solid state amplifiers have been developed. These amplifiers have a minimum of 24 dB gain over a 2 GHz bandwidth. The amplifier can operate from -20°C to +65°C utilizing an electronic temperature stabilization circuit. The experimental test results and the integration of the amplifiers will be presented in this paper.

G. H. Nesbit; W. H. Leighton

1985-01-01

172

Reinforcement learning state estimator.  

PubMed

In this study, we propose a novel use of reinforcement learning for estimating hidden variables and parameters of nonlinear dynamical systems. A critical issue in hidden-state estimation is that we cannot directly observe estimation errors. However, by defining errors of observable variables as a delayed penalty, we can apply a reinforcement learning frame-work to state estimation problems. Specifically, we derive a method to construct a nonlinear state estimator by finding an appropriate feedback input gain using the policy gradient method. We tested the proposed method on single pendulum dynamics and show that the joint angle variable could be successfully estimated by observing only the angular velocity, and vice versa. In addition, we show that we could acquire a state estimator for the pendulum swing-up task in which a swing-up controller is also acquired by reinforcement learning simultaneously. Furthermore, we demonstrate that it is possible to estimate the dynamics of the pendulum itself while the hidden variables are estimated in the pendulum swing-up task. Application of the proposed method to a two-linked biped model is also presented. PMID:17298231

Morimoto, Jun; Doya, Kenji

2007-03-01

173

Quantum state targeting  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a primitive for quantum cryptography that we term 'state targeting'. We show that increasing one's probability of success in this task above a minimum amount implies an unavoidable increase in the probability of a particular kind of failure. This is analogous to the unavoidable disturbance to a quantum state that results from gaining information about its identity, and can be shown to be a purely quantum effect. We solve various optimization problems for state targeting that are useful for the security analysis of two-party cryptographic tasks implemented between remote antagonistic parties. Although we focus on weak coin flipping, the results are significant for other two-party protocols, such as strong coin flipping, partially binding and concealing bit commitment, and bit escrow. Furthermore, the results have significance not only for the traditional notion of security in cryptography, that of restricting a cheater's ability to bias the outcome of the protocol, but also for a different notion of security that arises only in the quantum context, that of cheat sensitivity. Finally, our analysis leads to some interesting secondary results, namely, a generalization of Uhlmann's theorem and an operational interpretation of the fidelity between two mixed states.

Rudolph, Terry [Bell Labs, 600-700 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (United States); Spekkens, Robert W. [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 2Y5 (Canada)

2004-11-01

174

Western States and National Energy Policy: The New States' Rights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy development in western states has contributed to demands for new states' rights. Western states want a more active part in federal energy policy formulation. Article discusses recent intergovernmental relations, federal-state relations, and the effects of national energy, environmental, and related policies on energy resource development in…

Hall, Timothy A.; And Others

1978-01-01

175

The state of globalization: towards a theory of state transformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that it is erroneous to counterpose globalization to the state, as many increasingly sterile debates in the social sciences have done. Globalization does not undermine the state but includes the transformation of state forms: it is both predicated on and produces such transformations. The reason for the false counterposition of the state and globalization is that the

Martin Shaw

1997-01-01

176

State DOT: Michigan State Report Questions on MEPDG Implementation  

E-print Network

State DOT: Michigan State Report Questions on MEPDG Implementation 1. Summarize your state's status as far as MEPDG Implementation. Michigan DOT has purchased a single copy of DARWin-ME for the statewide, a research project will begin with Michigan State University involving local calibration and validation

177

State of Spacef p State of Space 2009  

E-print Network

State of Spacef p 2009 State of Space 2009 DRAFT ­ For Discussion Only #12;UW Space throughout the World Owned or Leased State of Space 2009 DRAFT ­ For Discussion Only *Space recorded with the Office of Planning & Budgeting or the Real Estate Office #12;UW Space throughout the United States Owned or Leased

Van Volkenburgh, Elizabeth

178

STATE OF NEW YORK NEW YORK STATE FOUNDATION FOR  

E-print Network

STATE OF NEW YORK NEW YORK STATE FOUNDATION FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION EDWARD REINFURT, Executive Director of the New York State Foundation for Science, Technology and Innovation (NYSTAR under Director Panwar has helped put New York State at the forefront of today's innovation economy" said

Aronov, Boris

179

Quantum state transfer and Hadamard gate for coherent states  

E-print Network

We propose a quantum state transfer from an atomic qubit to a cat-like qubit by means of one degenerate Raman interaction and one Hadamard gate operation for coherent states. We show that the coefficients of the atomic qubit can be mapped onto coherent state qubit, with an effective qubit state transfer.

Thiago Prudêncio

2013-07-04

180

Implementing the Common Core State Standards: State Spotlights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As of the 2012-2013 school year, over 20 states have formally moved to the Common Core State Standards being used as the learning expectations for all students across the state, and the remainder will be doing so in the 2014-2015 school year. This document highlights state initiatives that are supporting Common Core implementation in the following…

Council of Chief State School Officers, 2013

2013-01-01

181

The State and Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the federal influence on higher education is important, throughout the United States' history the state role in higher education has been a vital and changing one, and not always uniform. In 1976, two-thirds of the institutional revenue coming from government came from the states, making the state issue an important one. One of the most…

Millard, Richard M.

182

State Government Tax Collections: 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The annual Census Bureau report State Government Tax Collections Data by State presents statistics on tax collections for the 50 US state governments in HTML table, ASCII text file, and spreadsheet file formats. According to the 1998 data, individual income taxes and general sales taxes continued to be the mainstay of most state government tax systems last year.

1999-01-01

183

What bipartite states are lazy  

E-print Network

A bipartite state is called lazy if the entropy rate of one subsystem is vanishing for any coupling to the other subsystem. In this paper, we provide a necessary and sufficient condition for a finite-dimensional bipartite state to be lazy, and prove that a two-mode Gaussian state is lazy if and only if it is a direct product state.

Jianwei Xu

2014-02-03

184

Michigan: The Great Lakes State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Michigan is often called the "Wolverine State," its more common nickname is the "Great Lakes State." This name comes from the fact that Michigan is the only state in the United States that borders four of the five Great Lakes. Also referred to as the "Water Wonderland," Michigan has 11,000 additional lakes, 36,000 miles of streams, and…

McKay, Sandra Lee; La Luzerne-Oi, Sally

2009-01-01

185

Bound States in Graphene  

E-print Network

We present a quantum analysis of the massless excitations in graphene with a charge impurity. When the effective charge exceeds a certain critical value, the spectrum is quantized and is unbounded from below. The corresponding eigenstates are square-integrable at infinity and have a rapidly oscillatory behaviour in the short distance, which can be interpreted as a fall to the centre. Using a cutoff regularization, we show that the effective Coulomb interaction strength is driven to its critical value under the renormalization group flow. In the subcritical region, we find bound states with imaginary values of the energy for certain range of the system parameters. The physical significance of these bound states with imaginary eigenvalues is discussed.

Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

2008-05-22

186

Quasinuclear N N states  

SciTech Connect

We present an interpretation of recent experimental results on nucleon-anti-nucleon annihilation reactions of the type N{bar N} {yields} {pi}X, which have yielded evidence for a new tensor meson AX (here called X{sub 2}) with J{pi}{sup C}(I{sup G}) = 2{sup ++}(0{sup +}). The branching ratios for producing X{sub 2} from N{bar N} atomic states of orbital angular momentum L = 0,1, as well as its preference for decay into {rho}{rho} and {pi}{pi} rather than K{bar K} channels, are consistent with the identifications of X{sub 2} as a {sup 13}P{sub 2}{minus}{sup 13}F{sub 2} bound state of the N{bar N} potential. We suggest further key test of this interpretation. 21 refs.

Dover, C.B.

1991-06-01

187

Solid State Laser  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Titan-CW Ti:sapphire (titanium-doped sapphire) tunable laser is an innovation in solid-state laser technology jointly developed by the Research and Solid State Laser Divisions of Schwartz Electro-optics, Inc. (SEO). SEO is producing the laser for the commercial market, an outgrowth of a program sponsored by Langley Research Center to develop Ti:sapphire technology for space use. SEO's Titan-CW series of Ti:sapphire tunable lasers have applicability in analytical equipment designed for qualitative analysis of carbohydrates and proteins, structural analysis of water, starch/sugar analyses, and measurements of salt in meat. Further applications are expected in semiconductor manufacture, in medicine for diagnosis and therapy, and in biochemistry.

1990-01-01

188

Arizona State Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at University of Arizona, the Arizona State Museum features a variety of programs and exhibits, many of which offer an introspective look into the culture of the American Indian groups in the region. One of the main highlights of the site are the several online exhibits that feature objects and photographs from recent shows. The most recent of these is the "Connections Across Generations: The Avery Collection of American Indian Paintings," which highlights selections from the exhibit that is set to open on October 4th, 2002. Also documented on the site are the numerous ongoing archaeological projects that are often joint projects between researchers at the Museum and within Arizona State University. Finally, the site also has a variety of educational resource materials for teachers planning to visit the museum, and information about joining the Museum and volunteering in one of their many programs.

2001-01-01

189

Wyoming State Geological Survey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This agency's mission is to study, examine, and seek an understanding of the geology, mineral resources, and physical features of the State; to prepare, publish, and distribute reports and maps of Wyoming's geology, mineral resources, and physical features; and to provide information, advice, and services related to the geology, mineral resources, and physical features of the State. This site contains details and reports about metals in Wyoming, earthquakes and other hazards, coal, industrial minerals, uranium, oil and gas. The field trip section contains details about various areas to visit with students and gives a general geologic description. There is also a searchable bibliography with publications about Wyoming geology. Links are provided for additional resources.

190

OklahomaState  

Cancer.gov

DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY is inviting applications for two full-time, Assistant Professor, tenure track positions in Quantitative Psychology and Clinical Health Psychology or Behavior Medicine beginning August, 2015. Candidates are expected to have a strong background in and dedication to scholarly activity, and to interact well with colleagues and students. They must also demonstrate the capacity to maintain a high quality research program leading to scholarly productivity in the form of professional publications, presentations, and grantsmanship.

191

Expectation States Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expectation states theory is, in many ways, a textbook example of a theoretical research program. It is deductive, programmatic,\\u000a formalized mathematically, cumulative, precise, and predictive; and its propositions have been subjected to rigorous evaluation.\\u000a More importantly, however, it is a theory that illuminates core issues in social psychology and sociology more broadly. It\\u000a is fundamentally a “macro-micro-macro” explanation about one

Shelley J. Correll; Cecilia L. Ridgeway

192

Solid State Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report covers in detail the research work of the Solid State Division at Lincoln Laboratory for the period 1 May - 31 July 1996. The topics covered are Electrooptical Devices, Quantum Electronics, Materials Research, Submicrometer Technology, High Speed Electronics, Microelectronics, and Analog Device Technology. Funding is provided primarily by the Air Force, with additional Support provided by the Army, DARPA, Navy, BMDO, NASA, and NIST.

Shaver, David C.

1996-01-01

193

Drought in Your State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is part of Planet Diary and is an online exploration of droughts in the twentieth century. Students each choose a state to investigate and compare the actual Palmer Drought Severity Index (PSDI) for years 1895 to the present, with the reconstructed measurements for 1700 to 1895. Using this information students report on any trends in droughts for the area they study. This activity has an accompanying page with links for more information.

194

A Solid state accelerator  

SciTech Connect

We present a solid state accelerator concept utilizing particle acceleration along crystal channels by longitudinal electron plasma waves in a metal. Acceleration gradients of order 100 GV/cm are theoretically possible, but channeling radiation limits the maximum attainable energy to 10/sup 5/ TeV for protons. Beam dechanneling due to multiple scattering is substantially reduced by the high acceleration gradient. Plasma wave dissipation and generation in metals are also discussed.

Chen, P.; Noble, R.J.

1986-11-06

195

Penn State Geography Department  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pennsylvania State University offers B.S., B.A., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in Geography. The faculty encourage students to arrange courses of study appropriate to their individual needs and aspirations. Programs in geography may be directed toward a career in public service, teaching and research, private industry, or one of the many other vocational opportunities open to geographers.

196

Solid state research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report covers in detail the research work of the Solid State Division at Lincoln Laboratory for the period 1 May through 31 July 1994. The topics covered are Electrooptical Devices, Quantum Electronics, Materials Research, Submicrometer Technology, High Speed Electronics, Microelectronics, and Analog Device Technology. Funding is provided primarily by the Air Force, with additional support provided by the Army, ARPA, Navy, BMDO, NASA, and NIST.

McWhorter, Alan L.

1995-02-01

197

Solid state research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report covers in detail the research work of the Solid State Division at Lincoln Laboratory for the period 1 August through 31 October 1994. The topics covered are Electrooptical Devices, Quantum Electronics, Materials Research, Submicrometer Technology, High Speed Electronics, Microelectronics, and Analog Device Technology. Funding is provided primarily by the Air Force, with additional support provided by the Army, ARPA, Navy, BMDO, NASA, and NIST.

Shaver, David C.

1994-11-01

198

State-Space Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A very general model that seems to subsume a whole class of special cases of interest in much the same way that linear regression\\u000a does is the state-space model or the dynamic linear model, which was introduced in Kalman (1960) and Kalman and Bucy (1961).\\u000a Although the model was originally introduced as a method primarily for use in aerospace-related research,

Robert H. Shumway; David S. Stoffer

199

Solid-state fermentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solid-state fermentation has emerged as a potential technology for the production of microbial products such as feed, fuel, food, industrial chemicals and pharmaceutical products. Its application in bioprocesses such as bioleaching, biobeneficiation, bioremediation, biopulping, etc. has offered several advantages. Utilisation of agro-industrial residues as substrates in SSF processes provides an alternative avenue and value-addition to these otherwise under- or non-utilised

Ashok Pandey

2003-01-01

200

A search for equilibrium states  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An efficient search algorithm is described for the location of equilibrium states in a search set of states which differ from one another only by the choice of pure phases. The algorithm has three important characteristics: (1) it ignores states which have little prospect for being an improved approximation to the true equilibrium state; (2) it avoids states which lead to singular iteration equations; (3) it furnishes a search history which can provide clues to alternative search paths.

Zeleznik, F. J.

1982-01-01

201

Review of Entangled Coherent States  

E-print Network

We review entangled coherent state research since its first implicit use in 1967 to the present. Entangled coherent states are important to quantum superselection principles, quantum information processing, quantum optics, and mathematical physics. Despite their inherent fragility they have produced in a conditional propagating-wave quantum optics realization. Fundamentally the states are intriguing because they are entanglements of the coherent states, which are in a sense the most classical of all states of a dynamical system.

Barry C. Sanders

2011-12-08

202

Asthma. The states' challenge.  

PubMed Central

At the national level, asthma is increasingly being recognized as an important public health problem. Because of the significant role of environmental exposure in asthma morbidity, public health agencies have a critical role to play in the surveillance and prevention of the disease. In April 1996, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, with assistance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, surveyed state and territorial public health departments to determine the status of their asthma surveillance and intervention programs. Of the 51 health departments that responded, only eight reported that they had implemented an asthma control program within the previous 10 years. Reasons cited for not having programs included lack of funds, shortage of personnel, and asthma not being a priority. Most states were unable to assess the burden of asthma because they lack data or face barriers to using existing data. Removing barriers to the use of data is a first step toward defining the scope of the asthma problem. Images p198-a p200-a p203-a PMID:9160053

Brown, C M; Anderson, H A; Etzel, R A

1997-01-01

203

Linearly independent pure-state decomposition and quantum state discrimination  

SciTech Connect

We put the pure-state decomposition mathematical property of a mixed state to a physical test. We present a protocol for preparing two known nonorthogonal quantum states with well-defined a priori probabilities. Hence we characterize all the possible decompositions of a rank-two mixed state by means of the complex overlap between the two involved states. The physical test proposes a scheme for quantum state recognition of one of the two linearly independent states that arise from the decomposition. We find that the two states associated with the balanced pure-state decomposition have the smaller overlap modulus and therefore the smallest probability of being discriminated conclusively, while in the nonconclusive process they have the highest probability of having an error. In addition, we design an experimental scheme that allows discriminating conclusively and optimally two nonorthogonal states prepared with different a priori probabilities. Thus we propose a physical implementation for this linearly independent pure-state decomposition and state discrimination test by using twin photons generated in the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion. The information state is encoded in a one-photon polarization state, whereas the second single photon is used for heralded detection.

Roa, Luis; Alid-Vaccarezza, M.; Maldonado-Trapp, A. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Concepcion (Chile)

2011-08-15

204

State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Tax Incentives  

SciTech Connect

As a policy tool, state tax incentives can be structured to help states meet clean energy goals. Policymakers often use state tax incentives in concert with state and federal policies to support renewable energy deployment or reduce market barriers. This analysis used case studies of four states to assess the contributions of state tax incentives to the development of renewable energy markets. State tax incentives that are appropriately paired with complementary state and federal policies generally provide viable mechanisms to support renewable energy deployment. However, challenges to successful implementation of state tax incentives include serving project owners with limited state tax liability, assessing appropriate incentive levels, and differentiating levels of incentives for technologies with different costs. Additionally, state tax incentives may result in moderately higher federal tax burdens. These challenges notwithstanding, state tax incentives that consider certain policy design characteristics can support renewable energy markets and state clean energy goals.The scale of their impact though is directly related to the degree to which they support the renewable energy markets for targeted sectors and technologies. This report highlights important policy design considerations for policymakers using state tax incentives to meet clean energy goals.

Lantz, E.; Doris, E.

2009-10-01

205

Optical tomography of photon-added coherent states, even and odd coherent states, and thermal states  

SciTech Connect

Explicit expressions for optical tomograms of photon-added coherent states, even and odd photon-added coherent states, and photon-added thermal states are given in terms of Hermite polynomials. Suggestions for experimental homodyne detection of the considered photon states are presented.

Korennoy, Ya. A.; Man'ko, V. I. [P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninsky prospect 53, 117924 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-05-15

206

Optical Tomography of Photon-Added Coherent States, Even/Odd Coherent States and Thermal States  

E-print Network

Explicit expressions for optical tomograms of the photon-added coherent states, even/odd photon-added coherent states and photon-added thermal states are given in terms of Hermite polynomials. Suggestions for experimental homodyne detection of the considered photon states are presented.

Ya. A. Korennoy; V. I. Man'ko

2011-02-05

207

GLSEN's State of the States: How One Seattle Educator Gets an "A" in a Failing State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network's (GLSEN) report "State of the States: A policy analysis of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) safer schools issues" presents a thorough and comprehensive analysis of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. State grading is based on five categories, which include the existence and…

Vaught, Sabina Elena

2005-01-01

208

Entanglement classification of pure symmetric states via spin coherent states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We give explicit expressions for canonical states labeling the vast majority of entanglement equivalent classes of symmetric states of qubits and efficient algorithms for reducing a given state to the representative of the class it belongs. This way, we achieve an almost complete classification under local unitary and local invertible transformations for symmetric states. The main tool is a technique introduced in this work, enabling to decompose in a unique way, spin symmetric states into a superposition of spin-1 /2 coherent states. For the case of two qubits, the proposed decomposition reproduces the Schmidt decomposition and therefore, in the case of a higher number of qubits, can be considered as its generalization.

Mandilara, A.; Coudreau, T.; Keller, A.; Milman, P.

2014-11-01

209

Parameter and state estimator for state space models.  

PubMed

This paper proposes a parameter and state estimator for canonical state space systems from measured input-output data. The key is to solve the system state from the state equation and to substitute it into the output equation, eliminating the state variables, and the resulting equation contains only the system inputs and outputs, and to derive a least squares parameter identification algorithm. Furthermore, the system states are computed from the estimated parameters and the input-output data. Convergence analysis using the martingale convergence theorem indicates that the parameter estimates converge to their true values. Finally, an illustrative example is provided to show that the proposed algorithm is effective. PMID:24723791

Ding, Ruifeng; Zhuang, Linfan

2014-01-01

210

Coherent states, displaced number states and Laguerre polynomial states for su(1,1) Lie algebra  

E-print Network

The ladder operator formalism of a general quantum state for su(1,1) Lie algebra is obtained. The state bears the generally deformed oscillator algebraic structure. It is found that the Perelomov's coherent state is a su(1,1) nonlinear coherent state. The expansion and the exponential form of the nonlinear coherent state are given. We obtain the matrix elements of the su(1,1) displacement operator in terms of the hypergeometric functions and the expansions of the displaced number states and Laguerre polynomial states are followed. Finally some interesting su(1,1) optical systems are discussed.

Xiao-Guang Wang

2000-01-02

211

State DOT: Louisiana State Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

State DOT: Louisiana State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete the reliability of NDT testing methods compare to traditional testing methods? LADOTD's experience on the surface

212

State DOT: Wisconsin DOT State Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

State DOT: Wisconsin DOT State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for determining PCC pavement thickness. 2. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT testing methods

213

State Energy Alternatives: Alternative Energy Resources by State  

DOE Data Explorer

This U.S. map provides state by state information on incentives and laws related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles. Discover what's available in each state for innovation grants, infrastructure grants, and production grants and who to contact. Find out how many alternative refueling stations are available in each state and where they are. Tennessee, for example, in 2009, has 114 alternative refueling stations: 36 biodiesel, 1 electrical, 29 ethanol, 4 natural gas, and 44 propane. There are also 5 Truck Stop Electrification (TSE) sites in Tennessee. Users can also find out from this map interface the contacts for Clean Cities in a state, information about renewable energy projects and activities in each state, fuel prices across a state, and biomass potential resources and current production in each state.

214

2012 Boise State University 1 Boise State University  

E-print Network

State University brand Compiled by Marketing Minds and implemented by the Office of Communication and Marketing #12;© 2012 Boise State University 2 Introduc of a university department, group or affiliate. · This is not meant to be a complete

Barrash, Warren

215

Cluster-state quantum computation  

E-print Network

This article is a short introduction to and review of the cluster-state model of quantum computation, in which coherent quantum information processing is accomplished via a sequence of single-qubit measurements applied to a fixed quantum state known as a cluster state. We also discuss a few novel properties of the model, including a proof that the cluster state cannot occur as the exact ground state of any naturally occurring physical system, and a proof that measurements on any quantum state which is linearly prepared in one dimension can be efficiently simulated on a classical computer, and thus are not candidates for use as a substrate for quantum computation.

Michael A. Nielsen

2005-07-01

216

Generalized states in SFT  

E-print Network

The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \\`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

Bonora, Loriano

2013-01-01

217

Generalized states in SFT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory à la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

Bonora, L.; Giaccari, S.

2013-12-01

218

Generalized states in SFT  

E-print Network

The search for analytic solutions in open string fields theory \\`a la Witten often meets with singular expressions, which need an adequate mathematical formalism to be interpreted. In this paper we discuss this problem and propose a way to resolve the related ambiguities. Our claim is that a correct interpretation requires a formalism similar to distribution theory in functional analysis. To this end we concretely construct a locally convex space of test string states together with the dual space of functionals. We show that the above suspicious expressions can be identified with well defined elements of the dual.

Loriano Bonora; Stefano Giaccari

2013-10-18

219

State of the Land  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This excellent new site, from the US Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service, "provides data on land use and change, soil erosion and soil quality, water quality, wetlands, and other issues regarding the conservation and use of natural resources on non-Federal land in the United States." The site is searchable by keyword and is organized into five main sections: People on the Land; Analysis Maps & Publications; Water Quality, Wetlands; Cropping, Grazing Land; and NRCS National Conservation Priorities. Each main section offers further information on that topic, and hyperlinks take readers to related sites.

220

Living State Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Vanderbilt University's Living State Physics group combines physics and biomedical research in order to increase knowledge of biological systems and phenomena. After learning how physics can enhance the fields of medicine and biology, users can discover the group's greatest accomplishments for the past twenty years in topics such as Non Destructive Evaluation, Biomagnetics, and Cardiophysics. Researchers can learn the details of the group's Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID). The expansive website features information and helpful figures about its many physics research projects in cardiac electrodynamics and gastrointestinal smooth muscle. Those interested can also find out about employment opportunities.

221

State of the Cryosphere  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the National Snow and Ice Data Center, the new State of the Cryosphere Website discusses the cryosphere and its close relationship to "climate variability." Cryospheric regions, or areas where water is found in solid forms, are highly sensitive to changes in temperature. This is because snow and ice "exist relatively close to their melting point and frequently change phase from solid to liquid and back again." The implications of climate change and fluctuations in Northern Hemisphere snow cover, sea ice, mountain glaciers, and sea level are explored here. The site contains helpful links, an introduction, a glossary, and references.

222

Thermodynamics of stationary states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the study of nonequilibrium phenomena, improving on near-equilibrium linear approximations has long been a major goal. Over the past ten years, in collaboration with Bertini, De Sole, Gabrielli and Landim, we developed a general approach to nonequilibrium diffusive systems known as Macroscopic Fluctuation Theory, making some progress in this direction. Our theory has been inspired by stochastic models of interacting particles (stochastic lattice gases). It is based on the study of rare fluctuations of macroscopic variables in stationary states and leads to interesting new results and predictions. This paper gives a compact presentation of the theory with some applications.

Jona-Lasinio, Giovanni

2014-02-01

223

Solid state oxygen sensor  

DOEpatents

Solid state oxygen sensors are provided with a yttria-doped zirconia as an electrolyte and use the electrochemical oxygen pumping of the zirconia electrolyte. A linear relationship between oxygen concentration and the voltage arising at a current plateau occurs when oxygen accessing the electrolyte is limited by a diffusion barrier. A diffusion barrier is formed herein with a mixed electronic and oxygen ion-conducting membrane of lanthanum-containing perovskite or zirconia-containing fluorite. A heater may be used to maintain an adequate oxygen diffusion coefficient in the mixed conducting layer. 4 figs.

Garzon, F.H.; Chung, B.W.; Raistrick, I.D.; Brosha, E.L.

1996-08-06

224

Solid state oxygen sensor  

DOEpatents

Solid state oxygen sensors are provided with a yttria-doped zirconia as an electrolyte and use the electrochemical oxygen pumping of the zirconia electrolyte. A linear relationship between oxygen concentration and the voltage arising at a current plateau occurs when oxygen accessing the electrolyte is limited by a diffusion barrier. A diffusion barrier is formed herein with a mixed electronic and oxygen ion-conducting membrane of lanthanum-containing perovskite or zirconia-containing fluorite. A heater may be used to maintain an adequate oxygen diffusion coefficient in the mixed conducting layer.

Garzon, Fernando H. (Sante Fe, NM); Chung, Brandon W. (Los Alamos, NM); Raistrick, Ian D. (Los Alamos, NM); Brosha, Eric L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1996-01-01

225

Chico State Herbarium Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 88,000 mounted and dried specimens, the "Biological Sciences Herbarium at California State University, Chico is the most complete repository of plant specimens from northeastern California. The emphasis is on the local flora, and includes a number of rare, threatened, and endangered plant species." Samples in the Herbarium include ferns, conifers, flowering plants, lichens, bryophytes, and slime molds. The Herbarium Database is still adding specimen label information. The Database includes search fields for Genus, Species, and Subspecies. All higher academic institutions are eligible for specimen loans from the Herbarium.

2007-08-28

226

New State Standards  

E-print Network

.-State-Funded Buildings ?TAC Rules: ?19.31/?19.32/?19.33/?19.34 ? Chapter 388-TX Health & Safety Code ?Texas Building Energy Performance Stds. ?TAC Rules: ?19.53 ? IECC-IRC 2012 ? SECO Resources ?Q&A 2 CATEE-Dallas 11-09-2011 Texas Design Standards... of that the construction or renovation complies with the standards that are established under this chapter, including engineering documentation. 8 CATEE-Dallas 11-09-2011 TX Bldg. Energy Performance Stds. SB 12/HB 3693-2007 ? Amended Chapter 388: ? Delegated...

Lopez, F. A.

2011-01-01

227

State of the Cities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The report finds that while "the booming national economy and the growth of high-tech jobs have helped reverse decades of decline in America's cities," the "digital divide" continues to make itself felt as the number of high-tech jobs is growing 30 percent faster in the suburbs than urban areas. In addition, housing prices have risen at twice the rate of inflation, worsening an affordable housing shortage. See also the New Data section in this report for a review of the State of the Cities Data System, 2000.

2000-01-01

228

Solid state optical microscope  

DOEpatents

A solid state optical microscope wherein wide-field and high-resolution images of an object are produced at a rapid rate by utilizing conventional optics with a charge-coupled photodiode array. A galvanometer scanning mirror, for scanning in one of two orthogonal directions is provided, while the charge-coupled photodiode array scans in the other orthogonal direction. Illumination light from the object is incident upon the photodiodes, creating packets of electrons (signals) which are representative of the illuminated object. The signals are then processed, stored in a memory, and finally displayed as a video signal.

Young, Ian T. (Pleasanton, CA)

1983-01-01

229

Paraboson coherent states  

SciTech Connect

It is known that the defining relations of the orthosymplectic Lie superalgebra osp(1 | 2n) are equivalent to the defining (triple) relations of n pairs of paraboson operators b{sub i}{sup {+-}.} In particular, the 'parabosons of order p' correspond to a unitary irreducible (infinite-dimensional) lowest weight representation V(p) of osp(1 | 2n). Recently we constructed these representations V(p) giving the explicit actions of the osp(1 | 2n) generators. We apply these results for the n = 2 case in order to obtain 'coherent state' representations of the paraboson operators.

Chakrabarti, R. [University of Madras, Department of Theoretical Physics (India); Stoilova, N. I.; Van der Jeugt, J., E-mail: joris.vanderjeugt@ugent.b [Ghent University, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science (Belgium)

2010-02-15

230

2013 North Dakota State Baseball Winnipeg at North Dakota State  

E-print Network

2013 North Dakota State Baseball Winnipeg at North Dakota State Apr 30, 2013 at Fargo, ND (Newman 0 0 0 0 0 0 .286 Totals 39 6 11 6 8 13 24 10 14 North Dakota State 7 (18-17) Player ab r h rbi bb so 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 0 0 6 11 2 North Dakota State 1 0 1 1 2 2 0 0 X 7 13 1 E - Zamko(2); Gaunt(5

Martin, Jeff

231

Multiparty Quantum Secret Sharing of Quantum States Using Entanglement States  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multi-partite-controlled quantum secret sharing scheme using several non-orthogonal entanglement states is presented with unconditional security. In this scheme, the participants share the secret quantum state by exchanging the secret polarization angles of the disordered travel particles. The security of the secret quantum state is also guaranteed by the non-orthogonal multi-partite-controlled entanglement states, the participants' secret polarizations, and the disorder

Ying Guo; Da-Zu Huang; Gui-Hua Zeng; Ho Moon Lee

2008-01-01

232

Towards State Update Axioms: Reifying Successor State Axioms  

E-print Network

Towards State Update Axioms: Reifying Successor State Axioms Michael Thielscher Dresden University state axioms are an optimal solution to the famous Frame Problem in reasoning about actions--but only of reification to these axioms, one can achieve gradual improve- ment regarding the inferential aspect without

Thielscher, Michael

233

Education in the States. Volume I: State Education Indicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report represents the beginning of an effort by chief state school officers to compile information systematically on the states' educational programs and to report that information regularly to the public and their policymakers. This year, the report emphasizes demographic and fiscal background information bearing on the states' education…

Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, DC.

234

NAEP 1994 Reading State Report for Idaho. Trial State Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments were made. In 1994, TSA was expanded to include non-public school students. The 1994 reading assessment considered students' proficiency in situations that involved…

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.

235

Joint remote state preparation for two-qubit equatorial states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we propose a protocol of joint remote state preparation of an equatorial two-qubit pure quantum state using GHZ states, performing projective measurements and appropriate unitary operations. The probability of success of our scheme is shown to increase if one of the parties holding the partial information transmits the information classically to the receiver.

Choudhury, Binayak S.; Dhara, Arpan

2015-01-01

236

Decomposability of mixed states into pure states and related properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nonunique decomposability of mixtures into pure states, the occurrence of dispersion for pure states, the existence of coherent superpositions of pure states, and the non-Boolean structure of the associated logic are typical quantum features. Connections among these properties are examined in the general framework of the so-called convex description.

E. G. Beltrametti; S. Bugajski

1993-01-01

237

DATA-BASED STATE IN FINITE-STATE MODELING  

E-print Network

DATA-BASED STATE IN FINITE-STATE MODELING · In converting a program P to a finite-state model MCharCount(FILE *inFile) {char ch; wordCount = charCount = 0; while (fscanf(inFile, "%c", ch) > 0) if ((ch != '\

Kundu, Sukhamay

238

State of the Salmon  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Salmon, like many other species of fish, know no political boundaries. In effect, this makes it hard for humans to craft detailed and meaningful policies for the survival and health of these important creatures. The State of the Salmon is an international consortium that is "dedicated to improving understanding of salmon status and trends across the North Pacific--and building a knowledge network that can inform salmon conservation and management decisions in the future." Given this broad range of cooperation, visitors will not be surprised to find that much of the material featured on the site is available in Russian, English, and Chinese. The materials on the site are divided into several sections, including "Monitoring", "Data & Maps", "Status & Trends", and "Collaborate". The "Data & Maps" area is quite useful, and it features a variety of interactive maps that document existing salmon populations and their movements. Moving on, the "Status & Trends" area provides updates on salmon population trends in Canada, Japan, Russia, and the United States. The site is rounded out by a glossary and information about the organization's basic operating principles.

239

Electronic energy states  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One-electron wave functions are reviewed and approximate solutions of two-electron systems are given in terms of these one-electron functions. The symmetry effects associated with electron spin are reviewed and the effects of electron exchange on energy levels of the two-electron system are given. The coupling of electronic orbital and spin angular momentum is considered next and the Lande interval rule for Russell-Saunders or LS coupling is derived. The configurations possible for various multi-electron LS couplings are enumerated (examples from the first two rows of the periodic table are given), and the meaning of the spectroscopic nomenclature is discussed, particularly with respect to the degeneracies of the electron states involved. Next the nomenclature, symmetries, and degeneracies for electron states of diatomic molecules are discussed, and some examples for N2, O2, and NO are presented. The electronic partition functions and derivative thermodynamic properties are expressed in terms of these energies and degeneracies, and examples are given for some of the simple gas species encountered in the earth's atmosphere.

1976-01-01

240

Solid state heat engine  

SciTech Connect

A compact solid state turbine heat engine can be devised by pairing the nitinol elements. Each element is characterized by being in thermal contact with at least one hot water and one cold water bath and mechanically coupled to at least one driven pulley and driver pulley. A second nitinol element is similarly configured with a driver pulley, driven pulley, hot and cold water bath. The driver pulley associated with the first nitinol element is mechanically coupled to the driven pulley of the second nitinol element. Similarly, the driver pulley of the second nitinol element is mechanically coupled to the driven pulley of the first nitinol element. The paired nitinol elements form a compound solid state turbine engine wherein each nitinol element lies in a single plane and wherein the engine may be combined with a plurality of such pairs for increased power output. The nitinol elements may also incorporate a snubber to limit the strain on the element and the engine may further incorporate a variable radius pulley to increase the efficiency of mechanical conversion.

Cory, J.S.

1981-12-15

241

ChemTeacher: Oxidation States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ChemTeacher compiles background information, videos, articles, demonstrations, worksheets and activities for high school teachers to use in their classrooms. The Oxidation States page includes resources for teaching students about determining oxidation states of atoms within compounds.

2011-01-01

242

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY NEUROSCIENCE PROGRAM  

E-print Network

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY NEUROSCIENCE PROGRAM GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK REVISED FALL 2013 #12;Graduate Student Handbook Neuroscience Program Michigan State University Originally Prepared by: Peter: David Kreulen, Ph.D. ­ Graduate Affairs Committee Chair Adriana Feldpausch ­ Neuroscience Program

Liu, Taosheng

243

A Tornado in My State?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will analyze data of tornadoes throughout the United States. They will create a bar graph of the number of tornadoes for the top ten states in the country and then calculate the median and the mode of the data.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

244

Coherent States for Isospectral Hamiltonians  

E-print Network

We show that for the strictly isospectral Hamiltonians, the corresponding coherent states are related by a unitary transformation. As an illustration, we discuss, the example of strictly isospectral one-dimensional harmonic oscillator Hamiltonians and the associated coherent states.

M. Sanjay Kumar; Avinash Khare

1995-09-14

245

FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY GENERAL BULLETIN  

E-print Network

of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol .......15 The Florida State University Alcohol Policy with Disabilities...........................13 HIV/AIDS Policy ...........................................13 Sexual......................................................18 The Florida State University Health Risks of Illicit Drugs

Hull, Elaine

246

Florida State University General Bulletin  

E-print Network

of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol .......18 The Florida State University Alcohol Policy/AIDS Policy ...........................................16 Sexual Harassment Policy......................................................20 The Florida State University Health Risks of Illicit Drugs

Ronquist, Fredrik

247

Florida State University General Bulletin  

E-print Network

on the Unlawful Possession, Use, or Distribution of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol .......15 The Florida State with Disabilities...........................13 HIV/AIDS Policy ...........................................13 Sexual University Alcohol Policy .........................................................15 The Florida State

Ronquist, Fredrik

248

Florida State University General Bulletin  

E-print Network

for Students on the Unlawful Possession, Use, or Distribution of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol .......15 ...........................................13 Sexual Harassment Policy..............................13 Florida State University Statement The Florida State University Alcohol Policy .........................................................15

Hull, Elaine

249

Elevate America's State Voucher Strategy  

E-print Network

the first Elevate America offering--a partnership with state governments to provide computer skills trainElevate America's State Voucher Strategy to Promote Employability Lessons Learned April 2011 #12 ...............................................................................................................................15 Additional information about Elevate America is available at: http

Bernstein, Phil

250

2001 State Government Tax Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau has released the 2001 State Government Tax Collections (STC) report, which lists data for 25 taxes imposed and collected by each of the 50 states. These items range from property taxes, to motor fuel and public utilities taxes, to alcoholic beverages and tobacco taxes, to income taxes. Users can view the summary table for individual states, or the ranking table where states are ranked according to total tax collected and by total tax per capita amounts.

2002-01-01

251

Supercoherent states and physical systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method is developed for obtaining coherent states of a system admitting a supersymmetry. These states are called supercoherent states. The presented approach is based on an extension to supergroups of the usual group-theoretic approach. The example of the supersymmetric harmonic oscillator is discussed, thereby illustrating some of the attractive features of the method. Supercoherent states of an electron moving in a constant magnetic field are also described.

Fatyga, B. W.; Kostelecky, V. Alan; Nieto, Michael Martin; Truax, D. Rodney

1992-01-01

252

Supercoherent states and physical systems  

SciTech Connect

A method is developed for obtaining coherent states of a system admitting a supersymmetry. These states are called supercoherent states. The approach presented in this talk is based on an extension to supergroups of the usual group-theoretic approach. The example of the supersymmetric harmonic oscillator is discussed, thereby illustrating some of the attractive features of the method. Supercoherent states of an electron moving in a constant magnetic field are also described. 35 refs.

Fatyga, B.W.; Kostelecky, V.A. (Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (USA). Dept. of Physics); Nieto, M.M. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Truax, D.R. (Calgary Univ., AB (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry)

1991-01-01

253

Solid State Lighting Program  

SciTech Connect

Over the past two years, KLA-Tencor and partners successfully developed and deployed software and hardware tools that increase product yield for High Brightness LED (HBLED) manufacturing and reduce product development and factory ramp times. This report summarizes our development effort and details of how the results of the Solid State Light Program (Falcon) have started to help HBLED manufacturers optimize process control by enabling them to flag and correct identified killer defect conditions at any point of origin in the process manufacturing flow. This constitutes a quantum leap in yield management over current practice. Current practice consists of die dispositioning which is just rejection of bad die at end of process based upon probe tests, loosely assisted by optical in-line monitoring for gross process deficiencies. For the first time, and as a result of our Solid State Lighting Program, our LED manufacturing partners have obtained the software and hardware tools that optimize individual process steps to control killer defects at the point in the processes where they originate. Products developed during our two year program enable optimized inspection strategies for many product lines to minimize cost and maximize yield. The Solid State Lighting Program was structured in three phases: i) the development of advanced imaging modes that achieve clear separation between LED defect types, improves signal to noise and scan rates, and minimizes nuisance defects for both front end and back end inspection tools, ii) the creation of defect source analysis (DSA) software that connect the defect maps from back- end and front-end HBLED manufacturing tools to permit the automatic overlay and traceability of defects between tools and process steps, suppress nuisance defects, and identify the origin of killer defects with process step and conditions, and iii) working with partners (Philips Lumileds) on product wafers, obtain a detailed statistical correlation of automated defect and DSA map overlay to failed die identified using end product probe test results. Results from our two year effort have led to “automated end-to-end defect detection” with full defect traceability and the ability to unambiguously correlate device killer defects to optically detected features and their point of origin within the process. Success of the program can be measured by yield improvements at our partner’s facilities and new product orders.

Meeks, Steven

2012-06-30

254

SONOMA STATE UNIVERSITY General Catalog  

E-print Network

#12;SONOMA STATE UNIVERSITY General Catalog 2010-2011 Volume 37 1801 East Cotati Drive Rohnert Park, CA 94928 707-664-2880 SSU homepage: www.sonoma.edu Catalog home: www.sonoma.edu/catalog #12;WelCome to sonomA stAte university www.sonoma.edu When planning your academic career at Sonoma State

Ravikumar, B.

255

Topological Surface States of Antimony  

E-print Network

Topological Surface States of Antimony Masih Mehdizadeh 10.08.2012 #12;Outline Introduction the electrons can occupy in the lattice #12;Back to Antimony: Surface States (SS) The electronic states (A) Y(A) 3000A x 3000A Topograph of Antimony (Sb) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 0 500 1000 1500 2000

Petta, Jason

256

PUBLIC ASSISTANCE EFFECTIVENESS BY STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interstate differences in welfare program effectiveness are a function of policy and attiude variables, fiscal effort, and state and local willingness to assume welfare burdens. Not all states receive a “fair share'’of their expenditures from federal sources. Some states earn greater federal participation than they receive. One way to improve the existing system is for the federal government to reward

ERNEST H. WOHLENBERG

1976-01-01

257

Advancing Michigan's State of Knowledge  

E-print Network

Advancing Michigan's State of Knowledge GRADUATE E D U C AT I O N "To attract and grow quality jobs for Michigan's Economic Future: Jobs, Education and Protecting Families State of the State Address - 2009 Michigan Graduate Education Day Thursday, April 23, 2009 , Andrews University Aquinas College Baker College

Zhao, Jennifer Jing

258

States Trend toward Performance Funding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As college completion becomes a priority, more state legislatures are challenging community colleges to demonstrate progress by tying funding measures to institutional performance. Tom Harnisch, a policy analyst with the American Association of State Colleges and Universities, reports that 17 states are currently implementing or considering the…

Hermes, Jim

2012-01-01

259

State Definitions of Emotional Disturbance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines definitions state education agencies use to describe the federal education disability called "emotional disturbance." State definitions were collected so that various aspects of them could be analyzed and compared with results of similar studies completed in the 1970s and 1980s. Among results are that state definitions have…

Wery, Jessica J.; Cullinan, Douglas

2013-01-01

260

ASSOCIATED STUDENTS CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY,  

E-print Network

generally accepted in the United States of America; this includes the design, implementation in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America. Those standards in the United States of America. --IJ~t~ GUZMAN &GRAY Long Beach, CA 90804 September 06, 2013 2 #12;ASSOCIA r

de Lijser, Peter

261

State of Maine's Environment 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State of Maine's Environment is a regular series of reports written by senior environmental policy majors at Colby College in Waterville, Maine. The State of Maine's Environment 2010 is the sixth State of Maine's Environment report created by students enrolled in ES 493: Environmental Policy Practicum taught by Philip J. Nyhus, Environmental Studies Program. Topics in this report include

Philip J. Nyhus

2010-01-01

262

FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES  

E-print Network

SH 11 .A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES ^ 1951 &ch 3. \\§^ ^/'· m:^ STATISTICAL DIGEST. Farley, Director Statistical Digest 30 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1951 BY A. W. ANDERSON;Fishery Statistics of the United States and Alaska are compiled and published annually to make available

263

11 The Pennsylvania State University  

E-print Network

#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;11 The Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth College Adam J. Sorkin Date College Program Head The Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth College Diane M. Disney 12/16/04 Diane M. Disney, Dean Date The Pennsylvania State University Commonwealth College Penn

Lee, Dongwon

264

Entanglement charge of thermal states  

E-print Network

Entanglement charge is an operational measure to quantify nonlocalities in ensembles consisting of bipartite quantum states. Here we generalize this nonlocality measure to single bipartite quantum states. As an example, we analyze the entanglement charges of some thermal states of two-qubit systems and show how they depend on the temperature and the system parameters in an analytical way.

Ming-Yong Ye; Xiu-Min Lin; Yan-Kui Bai; Z. D. Wang

2010-08-31

265

State University System of Florida  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents some information about the State University System of Florida. The following are presented in this paper: (1) University Work Plans and Annual Reports; (2) State University System 2009 Annual Report; (3) Quick Facts: Planned New Degree Programs--2010 to 2013; (4) State University System Tuition Differential Summary, FY…

Board of Governors, State University System of Florida, 2012

2012-01-01

266

Coherent states for free particles  

E-print Network

The coherent states are reviewed with particular application to the free particle system. The didactic advantages of the formalism is emphasized. Several interesting features, like the relation of the coherent states with the Galilei group and with the Husimi distribution are presented. Keywords: quantum mechanics, coherent states, free particle.

A. de la Torre; D. Goyeneche

2010-04-15

267

Local cloning of CAT states  

E-print Network

In this Letter we analyze the (im)possibility of the exact cloning of orthogonal three-qubit CAT states under local operation and classical communication(LOCC) with the help of a restricted entangled state. We also classify the three-qubit CAT states that can(not) be cloned under LOCC restrictions and extend the results to the n-qubit case.

Ramij Rahaman

2011-06-09

268

Civil Liberties under State Constitutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses "new judicial federalism" as the rediscovery of state bills of rights for protecting civil liberties. Analyzes the differences in protection under state and federal bills of rights. Recommends that the growing importance of state constitutions be included in the political science curriculum and suggests bibliographic sources to be used.…

Tarr, G. Alan

1988-01-01

269

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES  

E-print Network

State University students, faculty and staff with maximum opportunity and space to advertise approvedTRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES The intent of these policies is to provide Truman or other methods of advertising. Advertising of events at Truman State University is limited to recognized

Gering, Jon C.

270

Bipolar fuzzy finite state machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a generalization of a fuzzy finite state machine, the notion of a bipolar fuzzy finite state machine is introduced. Also, the concepts of a bipolar (immediate) successor, a bipolar exchange property and a bipolar subsystem are introduced. Some related properties are discussed. A condition for a bipolar fuzzy finite state machine to satisfy the bipolar exchange property is established.

Young Bae Jun; Jacob Kavikumarb

271

Controlled remote state preparation protocols via AKLT states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we proposed two controlled remote state preparation of an arbitrary single-qubit state schemes one for deterministic controlled remote state preparation the other for probabilistic controlled-joint remote state preparation with 2/3 probability. Both of them used the Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki (AKLT) state which consisted of bulk spin-1's and two spin-12's at the ends. Up to now, no RSP protocols using AKLT gapped ground states as a shared quantum resource had been presented thus far and Fan et al. showed the other AKLT property was that if we performed a Bell measurement on bulk, then a maximally entangled state would be shared by two ends. We utilized these properties to develop our controlled protocols.

Liu, Lin Lin; Hwang, Tzonelih

2014-07-01

272

Office of the Secretary of State: Rhode Island State Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Far more than a collection of basic government documents, the Rhode Island State Library website is a nice resource for anyone seeking to learn more about the Ocean State. The materials here are divided into three main sections: "Research Tools", "Publications", and "Everything RI". In "Research Tools", users will find executive orders issued by the governor, annual reports, as well as state regulations and rules. Moving on, the "Publications" area contains some colorful historical documents, including the Rhode Island Royal Charter of 1663 and the state constitution. Finally, the "Everything RI" area contains documents that narrate the state's history, such as "State Symbols", "Famous Rhode Islanders", "Rhode Island Landmarks", and "City & Town Incorporation Dates". Just for reference, some of the notable persons from the Ocean State include George M. Cohan, Anne Hutchinson, and baseball legend Nap Lajoie.

273

Solid state rapid thermocycling  

DOEpatents

The rapid thermal cycling of a material is targeted. A solid state heat exchanger with a first well and second well is coupled to a power module. A thermoelectric element is coupled to the first well, the second well, and the power module, is configured to transfer thermal energy from the first well to the second well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a first direction, and is configured to transfer thermal energy from the second well to the first well when current from the power module flows through the thermoelectric element in a second direction. A controller may be coupled to the thermoelectric elements, and may switch the direction of current flowing through the thermoelectric element in response to a determination by sensors coupled to the wells that the amount of thermal energy in the wells falls below or exceeds a pre-determined threshold.

Beer, Neil Reginald; Spadaccini, Christopher

2014-05-13

274

Solid state plasmas  

E-print Network

Magnetic fusion devices operate at regimes characterized by extremely high temperatures and low densities, for which the charged particles motion is well described by classical mechanics. This is not true, however, for solid-state metallic objects: their density approaches $10^{28} \\rm m^{-3}$, so that the average interparticle distance is shorter than the de Broglie wavelength, which characterizes the spread of the electron wave function. Under these conditions, the conduction electrons behave as a true quantum plasma even at room temperature. Here, we shall illustrate the impact of quantum phenomena on the electron dynamics in metallic objects of nanometric size, particularly thin metallic films excited by short laser pulses. Further, we will discuss more recent results on regimes that involve spin and relativistic effects.

Manfredi, Giovanni

2014-01-01

275

Kansas State University Herbarium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in Manhattan, Kansas, Kansas State University is well-known for their various agricultural outreach programs, and their Herbarium is a fascinating place for botanists and the general public. For those who can't make a trip out to Kansas, they also have a nice website. Visitors to the site can start by looking over the "Information" section, which includes information on the history of the Herbarium, along with offering up a nice answer to the question, "What is an herbarium?" Moving on, visitors can also query their online database of plant species from Kansas and learn about their forthcoming Central Great Plains Network. The site is rounded out with a list of contact information and other noteworthy links.

2007-10-22

276

Dickerson v. United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the summer of 2000, the high court released a number of momentous decisions, ruling on "partial birth abortions," the Boy Scouts's ban on gays, the Miranda warning, California's "Blanket" primary, and hate crime sentencing standards. In Dickerson v. United States, the court ruled 7-2 to uphold the Miranda warning and strike down a previously little-known 1968 law that allowed "voluntary confessions" even if they were obtained before a suspect was read their rights. (For more on this decision see the In the News from this week's Scout Report for Social Sciences). As always, the full text of the syllabi and both opinions in all of these cases can be read in HTML or .pdf format at the Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School Supreme Court Collection site.

2000-01-01

277

Organization of American States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1948, 21 nations in the Western hemisphere signed the Organization of American States (OAS) Charter which was designed to affirm their commitment to a number of common goals and their respect for each nation's sovereignty. In the present day, the members of the OAS continue to work together to protect human rights, strengthen security throughout the region, and to fight corruption. On this site (last reviewed in the Scout Report on August 8, 1996), scholars and the general public can take advantage of the organization's many online resources, including the audio archives of OAS Radio, detailed information on the OAS's governing bodies, and its annual reports. From the homepage, visitors can also peruse some of their other online materials, such as online exhibits from the Art Museum of the Americas and The Children's Corner. Young people will enjoy the Children's Corner as it provides material on the culture, history, art, and folklore of South, Central and North America.

278

Solid state television camera  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design, fabrication, and tests of a solid state television camera using a new charge-coupled imaging device are reported. An RCA charge-coupled device arranged in a 512 by 320 format and directly compatible with EIA format standards was the sensor selected. This is a three-phase, sealed surface-channel array that has 163,840 sensor elements, which employs a vertical frame transfer system for image readout. Included are test results of the complete camera system, circuit description and changes to such circuits as a result of integration and test, maintenance and operation section, recommendations to improve the camera system, and a complete set of electrical and mechanical drawing sketches.

1976-01-01

279

Barrett v. United States.  

PubMed

In considering a suit brought against the U.S. government and other officials arising from the 1953 death of a civilian who unknowingly served as a subject for an Army chemical warfare experiment, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York dismissed some claims and permitted the rest to proceed to trial. The victim, while a patient at the New York State Psychiatric Institute, had been injected with a mescaline derivative to determine the effects of psychoactive drugs on psychiatric behavior. The victim's daughter was not barred by an earlier settlement of the case in 1955 or by the statute of limitations from continuing to press the lawsuit, as additional information had since surfaced concerning conspiracy and fraudulent actions by the defendants in the earlier proceeding. PMID:11648533

1985-10-01

280

Weather and emotional state  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction Given the proven effects of weather on the human organism, an attempt to examine its effects on a psychic and emotional level has been made. Emotions affect the bio-tonus, working ability and concentration, hence their significance in various domains of economic life, such as health care, education, transportation, tourism, etc. Data and methods The research has been made in Sofia City within a period of 8 months, using 5 psychological methods (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Test for Self-assessment of the emotional state (developed by Wessman and Ricks), Test for evaluation of moods and Test "Self-confidence - Activity - Mood" (developed by the specialists from the Military Academy in Saint Petersburg). The Fiodorov-Chubukov's complex-climatic method was used to characterize meteorological conditions because of the purpose to include in the analysis a maximal number of meteorological elements. 16 weather types are defined in dependence of the meteorological elements values according to this method. Abrupt weather changes from one day to another, defined by the same method, were considered as well. Results and discussions The results obtained by t-test show that the different categories of weather lead to changes in the emotional status, which indicates a character either positive or negative for the organism. The abrupt weather changes, according to expectations, have negative effect on human emotions but only when a transition to the cloudy weather or weather type, classified as "unfavourable" has been realized. The relationship between weather and human emotions is rather complicated since it depends on individual characteristics of people. One of these individual psychological characteristics, marked by the dimension "neuroticism", has a strong effect on emotional reactions in different weather conditions. Emotionally stable individuals are more "protected" to the weather influence on their emotions, while those who are emotionally unstable have a stronger dependence to the impacts of the weather.

Spasova, Z.

2010-09-01

281

Controlled quantum state sharing of arbitrary two-qubit states with five-qubit cluster states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we propose a controlled quantum state sharing scheme to share an arbitrary two-qubit state using a five-qubit cluster state and the Bell state measurement. In this scheme, the five-qubit cluster state is shared by a sender (Alice), a controller (Charlie), and a receiver (Bob), and the sender only needs to perform the Bell-state measurements on her particles during the quantum state sharing process, the controller performs a single-qubit projective measurement on his particles, then the receiver can reconstruct the arbitrary two-qubit state by performing some appropriate unitary transformations on his particles after he has known the measured results of the sender and the controller.

Wang, Dong; Zha, Xin-Wei; Lan, Qian; Li, Ning; Wei, Jing

2011-09-01

282

Coherent states with elliptical polarization  

E-print Network

Coherent states of the two dimensional harmonic oscillator are constructed as superpositions of energy and angular momentum eigenstates. It is shown that these states are Gaussian wave-packets moving along a classical trajectory, with a well defined elliptical polarization. They are coherent correlated states with respect to the usual cartesian position and momentum operators. A set of creation and annihilation operators is defined in polar coordinates, and it is shown that these same states are precisely coherent states with respect to such operators.

E. Colavita; S. Hacyan

2004-07-08

283

On Nonlinear Bosonic Coherent States  

E-print Network

Nonlinear coherent states are an interesting resource for quantum technologies. Here we investigate some critical features of the single-boson nonlinear coherent states, which are theoretically constructed as eigenstates of the annihilation operator and experimentally realized as stationary states of a trapped laser-driven ion. We show that the coherence and the minimum-uncertainty properties of such states are broken for values of the Lamb-Dicke parameter corresponding to the roots of the Laguerre polynomials, which enter their explicit expression. The case of the multiboson nonlinear coherent states is also discussed.

Marco Genovese; Francesco A. Raffa; Mario Rasetti

2009-12-23

284

Typical entanglement of stabilizer states  

E-print Network

How entangled is a randomly chosen bipartite stabilizer state? We show that if the number of qubits each party holds is large the state will be close to maximally entangled with probability exponentially close to one. We provide a similar tight characterization of the entanglement present in the maximally mixed state of a randomly chosen stabilizer code. Finally, we show that typically very few GHZ states can be extracted from a random multipartite stabilizer state via local unitary operations. Our main tool is a new concentration inequality which bounds deviations from the mean of random variables which are naturally defined on the Clifford group.

Graeme Smith; Debbie Leung

2005-10-30

285

Displaced rotations of coherent states  

E-print Network

We propose an approach that enables to use it for construction of rotations of coherent states, in particular, it gives a possibility to construct Hadamard gate for the coherent states. Our approach is based on representation of arbitrary one-mode pure state in free-travelling fields, in particular superposition of coherent states (SCSs), in terms of displaced number states with arbitrary amplitude of displacement. Studied optical scheme is based on alternation of photon additions and displacement operators (in general case, photon additions and displacements are required) with seed coherent state to generate both even and odd displaced squeezed SCSs (DSSCSs) regardless of number of used photon additions. It is shown the studied optical scheme is sensitive to seed coherent state provided that other parameters are invariable. Output states approximate with high fidelity either even squeezed SCS or odd SCS shifted relative each other by some value. It enables to construct local rotation operator for coherent states, in particular, Hadamard gate being mainframe element for quantum computation with coherent states. The effects deteriorating quality of output states are considered.

Sergey A. Podoshvedov

2011-08-06

286

Probabilistic cloning of equidistant states  

SciTech Connect

We study the probabilistic cloning of equidistant states. These states are such that the inner product between them is a complex constant or its conjugate. Thereby, it is possible to study their cloning in a simple way. In particular, we are interested in the behavior of the cloning probability as a function of the phase of the overlap among the involved states. We show that for certain families of equidistant states Duan and Guo's cloning machine leads to cloning probabilities lower than the optimal unambiguous discrimination probability of equidistant states. We propose an alternative cloning machine whose cloning probability is higher than or equal to the optimal unambiguous discrimination probability for any family of equidistant states. Both machines achieve the same probability for equidistant states whose inner product is a positive real number.

Jimenez, O.; Roa, Luis; Delgado, A. [Center for Optics and Photonics, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 4016, Concepcion (Chile); Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile)

2010-08-15

287

Signaling States of Rhodopsin  

PubMed Central

Vertebrate rhodopsin consists of the apoprotein opsin and the chromophore 11-cis-retinal covalently linked via a protonated Schiff base. Upon photoisomerization of the chromophore to all-trans-retinal, the retinylidene linkage hydrolyzes, and all-trans-retinal dissociates from opsin. The pigment is eventually restored by recombining with enzymatically produced 11-cis-retinal. All-trans-retinal release occurs in parallel with decay of the active form, metarhodopsin (Meta) II, in which the original Schiff base is intact but deprotonated. The intermediates formed during Meta II decay include Meta III, with the original Schiff base reprotonated, and Meta III-like pseudo-photoproducts. Using an intrinsic fluorescence assay, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and UV-visible spectroscopy, we investigated Meta II decay in native rod disk membranes. Up to 40% of Meta III is formed without changes in the intrinsic Trp fluorescence and thus without all-trans-retinal release. NADPH, a cofactor for the reduction of all-trans-retinal to all-trans-retinol, does not accelerate Meta II decay nor does it change the amount of Meta III formed. However, Meta III can be photoconverted back to the Meta II signaling state. The data are described by two quasi-irreversible pathways, leading in parallel into Meta III or into release of all-trans-retinal. Therefore, Meta III could be a form of rhodopsin that is storaged away, thus regulating photoreceptor regeneration. PMID:12427735

Heck, Martin; Schädel, Sandra A.; Maretzki, Dieter; Bartl, Franz J.; Ritter, Eglof; Palczewski, Krzysztof; Hofmann, Klaus Peter

2006-01-01

288

The State Hermitage Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia is not only an impressive museum to visit in person, but its online museum is very well done, and includes virtual tours of several parts of the museum. There is so much information on this website and after browsing around, visitors will feel like they have had a personally guided tour of the art collections and the architecture of the buildings. Visitors can learn the history of the Hermitage by clicking on "Hermitage History" near the top of the homepage. The "Timeline" will orient the visitor, and "A Walk Through the Imperial Hermitage" and "The Winter Palace Through the Ages" allows for a look at several different ages of parts of the six building museum. The Digital Collection can be searched or browsed in the usual way, such as by title, artist, year, medium, etc., but IBM's experimental Query By Image Content (QBIC) allows visitors to find "a Gauguin masterpiece simply by recalling the organisation of his subjects or locating a Da Vinci painting by searching for its predominant colours." There are short animated demonstrations to show the visitor how to do a search by color or layout.

2006-01-01

289

Creating the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As with other countries, the United States is very much a "work in progress". Of course, the nation's founders made a concerted effort to form a republic that would be able to govern effectively across a large geographic region and a plethora of different cultural traditions. This thoughtful and introspective online exhibit from the Library of Congress brings together a set of interactive resources and activities organized around themes that include "Creating the Declaration of Independence" and "Creating the Bill of Rights". Clicking on these themes will bring visitors to a brief narrative essay that sets the tone for the primary and secondary historical documents within each area. Here visitors will find such gems as an early map of the Appalachians, woodcuts of early Presidents, and the musings of Thomas Paine, among many others. Moving on, visitors should not miss the "Interactives" area. Here they can test their mettle by connecting particular phrases and ideas set down in the Declaration of Independence with the key texts that preceded it. And if visitors aren't stumped there (or even if they are), they can try the same tasks with the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. After a visit to this site, some may even find themselves dusting off their old civics textbooks or at least planning a trip to a local government facility for further edification.

290

United States West Coast  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On Thursday (Feb. 14, 2002), the cloud cover that often overshadows the western United States this time of year broke to provide those at the Olympic Games with a beautiful day. The nearly cloud-free day was captured by the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), flying aboard NASAs Terra spacecraft. A thick layer of snow blankets northernmost Nevada, northern Utah, most of Idaho and western Wyoming. The snow surrounds and highlights Utahs Great Salt Lake. Just south of the lake, clouds can be seen hovering over southern Utah. (In general, clouds appear streaky and uneven on a satellite image, and snow cover appears solid with definable borders.) North of the Great Salt Lake, one can clearly discern the light gray Northern Rocky Mountains cutting through Idaho and up into Canada. Moving southwest, the spine-like Sierra Nevada mountains separate the greenery of Southern California from the brown deserts of Arizona and Nevada. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

2002-01-01

291

Solid state laser  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A wavelength-tunable, injection-seeded, dispersion-compensated, dispersively-pumped solid state laser includes a lasing medium; a highly reflective mirror; an output coupler; at least one isosceles Brewster prism oriented to the minimum deviation angle between the medium and the mirror for directing light of different wavelengths along different paths; means for varying the angle of the highly reflective mirror relative to the light from at least one Brewster angle for selecting a predetermined laser operating wavelength; a dispersion compensation apparatus associated with the lasing medium; a laser injection seeding port disposed between the dispersion compensation apparatus and one of the mirror and coupler and including a reflective surface at an acute non-Brewster angle to the laser beam for introducing a seed input; a dispersion compensation apparatus associated with the laser medium including opposite chirality optical elements; the lasing medium including a pump surface disposed at an acute angle to the laser beam to define a discrete path for the pumping laser beam separate from the pumped laser beam.

Rines, Glen A. (Inventor); Moulton, Peter F. (Inventor); Harrison, James (Inventor)

1993-01-01

292

Solid state research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Solid State division of Lexington Lincoln Lab reports on its progress for this quarter. The areas of study are: Time Dye Laser Using Integrated Optics; GaP Microlenses by Mass Transport; A New OMVPE Reactor for Growth of InP and Related Alloys; Microchannel Heat Sinks for Two-Dimensional High Power-Density Diode Laser Arrays; Novel Scalloped-Mirror Diffraction-Coupled Laser Arrays; Three-Mirror Ti:Al2O3 Ring Laser Cavity; Femtosecond TiAl2O3 Injection-Seeded Laser; End-Pumped Nd:LaF3 and Nd:LaMgA11O19 Lasers; Single Frequency Mixing of Frequency Modulated Laser Radiation; Vertical Rotating Disk OMVPE Reactor; New Electron Beam Lithography System; Dry Etching Induced Damage on Vertical Sidewalls of GaAs Channels; Homoepitaxial Semiconducting Diamond; 420 X 420 CCD Frame Transfer Imager; Technique for Monolithically Integrating GaAs/AlGaAs Lasers of Different Wavelengths; Superconducting Thin Films of BiSrCaCuO; and Nb Thin Film Capacitors for Superconductive Circuits.

McWhorter, Alan L.

1989-03-01

293

Three State Nuclear Decay Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Three State Nuclear Decay model extends the Two State Nuclear Decay model (also available through OSP and ComPADRE) to simulate the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei in which the parent nucleus first decays into an intermediate state before decaying into a stable state. Although the decay of both the parent and intermediate nucleus (radionuclides) is spontaneous and unpredictable, the probability of decay of each radionuclide is constant and is usually known. The model displays a color-coded sample with N1 parent nuclides, N2 intermediate state nuclides, and N3 stable state nuclides.  Users can set the initial numbers N1 and N2, the decay the decay constants k1 and k2, and the time interval between measurements Δt before the simulation is run. The simulation counts the number of decay events and stops when all nuclides are in the stable state.   Check boxes display a plot and a table showing the time evolution of each state as well as the number of decay events in each time interval.  The data plot allows users to compare the data generated by the random decay model with a differential equation-based model. The Three State Nuclear Decay model was developed using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_nuclear_ThreeStateNuclearDecay.jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Christian, Wolfgang

2011-01-07

294

Coupling between ?-condensed states and normal cluster states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have studied the ?-condensed states of O16 and Ne20 based on a microscopic ?-cluster model. This was performed by introducing a Monte Carlo technique for the description of the THSR (Tohsaki Horiuchi Schuck Röpke) wave function, which is called the “virtual THSR” wave function. Earlier microscopic calculations pointed out the possibility of the existence of four-?-cluster condensed states. Here, in addition to studying the four-? case, we also studied the case of five-? particles, for which the states are shown to be stable around the threshold energy even after taking into account the coupling effect between normal cluster states with O16+? configurations.

Itagaki, N.; Kokalova, Tz.; Ito, M.; Kimura, M.; Oertzen, W. Von

2008-03-01

295

State of the States: Fuel Cells in America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report from the Breakthrough Technologies Institute looks at the status of fuel cells in America in 2011. A profile of how fuel cells are being used in most U.S. states is included; the amount of data provided varies from state to state. The top five states utilizing fuel cells are identified as California, Connecticut, New York, Ohio and South Carolina. An introductory statement includes information on how the use of fuel cells may be beneficial to the U.S. economy. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2012-08-28

296

The Fiscal Survey of States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released on November 25, 2002, this latest 68-page report from the National Governors Association and the National Association of State Budget Officers demonstrates that many of the 50 states face dire financial problems that are among the worst in 50 years. Some highlights from the report include information revealing that 26 states used across-the-board cuts in their budgets and "rainy-day" funds in 2002, along with the equally ominous information that 16 states experienced negative growth in the past fiscal year. The full report contains detailed charts and tables documenting, with great specificity, the nature of the budget cuts within each state, along with listing the types of programs that were curtailed or eliminated entirely. Perhaps most telling is the report's finding that state balances for the 2003 fiscal year have dropped 70 percent since they peaked in the 2000 fiscal year.

2002-01-01

297

Diffusion Processes and Coherent States  

E-print Network

It is shown that stochastic processes of diffusion type possess, in all generality, a structure of uncertainty relations and of coherent and squeezed states. This fact is used to obtain, via Nelson stochastic formulation of quantum mechanics, the harmonic-oscillator coherent and squeezed states. The method allows to derive new minimum uncertainty states in time-dependent oscillator potentials and for the Caldirola-Kanai model of quantum damped oscillator.

S. De Martino; S. De Siena; F. Illuminati; G. Vitiello

1994-07-25

298

B States at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

The CDF and D0 experiments have produced a wealth of heavy flavor physics results since the beginning of RunII of the Fermilab Tevatron. They review recent measurements of B hadron states including excited B states (B**, B{sub s}**) and the B{sub c}{sup +} meson. They also summarize the discoveries of the {Sigma}{sub b} baryon states and the {Xi}{sub b}{sup -} baryon.

Paulini, Manfred; /Carnegie Mellon U.

2009-06-01

299

FREE QUASI-FREE STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

this paper free analogs of the quasi-free states on the CARand CCR algebras.Quasi-free states are important in mathematics and physics, and a vastbody of literature exists (a partial list includes [2, 1, 3, 7, 17, 22], see alsothe references in [7]). In particular, quasi-free states on the CAR algebragive rise, via the GNS construction, to the Araki-Woods factors. Thesefactors are

Dimitri Shlyakhtenko

1997-01-01

300

State Identification in Nonlinear Systems  

SciTech Connect

A state estimation method based on finding a system state that causes a model to match a set of system measurements is regularized by requiring that sudden changes in system state be avoided. The required optimization is accomplished by a pattern search algorithm. The method does not require derivative information or linearization of the model. Is has been applied to a 10 dimensional model of a fast reactor system.

Holloway, James Paul [Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2104 (United States)

2005-02-06

301

Bistable state in magnetic nanostructures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The conditions of the existence of a bistable state in a ferromagnetic layer included in the magnetoresistive memory switched by the electric field have been investigated. Such states, which correspond to the local minima of the Gibbs potential, correspond to mutually perpendicular magnetization directions. Evaluations of a minimal volume of the ferromagnetic layer, at which the barrier between the states exceeds the superparamagnetic limit, are obtained for a series of promising materials, and possibilities of its decrease are considered.

Vinokurov, D. L.; Morosov, A. I.

2014-12-01

302

Geometric Phases for Coherent States  

E-print Network

We explore geometric phases of coherent states and some of their properties. A better and elegant expression of geometric phase for coherent state is derived. It is used to obtain the explicit form of the geometric phase for entangled coherent states, several interesting results followed by considering different cases for the parameters. The effects of entanglement and harmonic potential on the geometric phase are discussed.

Da-Bao Yang; Jing-Ling Chen; Chunfeng Wu; C. H. Oh

2011-10-19

303

Local cloning of entangled states  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the conditions under which a set S of pure bipartite quantum states on a DxD system can be locally cloned deterministically by separable operations, when at least one of the states is full Schmidt rank. We allow for the possibility of cloning using a resource state that is less than maximally entangled. Our results include that: (i) all states in S must be full Schmidt rank and equally entangled under the G-concurrence measure, and (ii) the set S can be extended to a larger clonable set generated by a finite group G of order |G|=N, the number of states in the larger set. It is then shown that any local cloning apparatus is capable of cloning a number of states that divides D exactly. We provide a complete solution for two central problems in local cloning, giving necessary and sufficient conditions for (i) when a set of maximally entangled states can be locally cloned, valid for all D; and (ii) local cloning of entangled qubit states with nonvanishing entanglement. In both of these cases, we show that a maximally entangled resource is necessary and sufficient, and the states must be related to each other by local unitary 'shift' operations. These shifts are determined by the group structure, so need not be simple cyclic permutations. Assuming this shifted form and partially entangled states, then in D=3 we show that a maximally entangled resource is again necessary and sufficient, while for higher-dimensional systems, we find that the resource state must be strictly more entangled than the states in S. All of our necessary conditions for separable operations are also necessary conditions for local operations and classical communication (LOCC), since the latter is a proper subset of the former. In fact, all our results hold for LOCC, as our sufficient conditions are demonstrated for LOCC, directly.

Gheorghiu, Vlad; Yu Li [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Cohen, Scott M. [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Department of Physics, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15282 (United States)

2010-08-15

304

Multiparticle State Tomography: Hidden Differences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We address the problem of completely characterizing multiparticle states including loss of information to unobserved degrees of freedom. In systems where nonclassical interference plays a role, such as linear-optics quantum gates, such information can degrade interference in two ways, by decoherence and by distinguishing the particles. Distinguishing information, often the limiting factor for quantum optical devices, is not correctly described by previous state-reconstruction techniques, which account only for decoherence. We extend these techniques and find that a single modified density matrix can completely describe partially coherent, partially distinguishable states. We use this observation to experimentally characterize two-photon polarization states in single-mode optical fiber.

Adamson, R. B. A.; Shalm, L. K.; Mitchell, M. W.; Steinberg, A. M.

2007-01-01

305

Single electron states in polyethylene  

SciTech Connect

We report computer simulations of an excess electron in various structural motifs of polyethylene at room temperature, including lamellar and interfacial regions between amorphous and lamellae, as well as nanometre-sized voids. Electronic properties such as density of states, mobility edges, and mobilities are computed on the different phases using a block Lanczos algorithm. Our results suggest that the electronic density of states for a heterogeneous material can be approximated by summing the single phase density of states weighted by their corresponding volume fractions. Additionally, a quantitative connection between the localized states of the excess electron and the local atomic structure is presented.

Wang, Y. [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China) [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); MacKernan, D. [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)] [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Cubero, D., E-mail: dcubero@us.es, E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); Departmento de Física Aplicada I, Universidad de Sevilla, Calle Virgen de Africa 7, 41011 Seville (Spain); Coker, D. F. [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland) [School of Physics and Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Department of Chemistry, Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Quirke, N., E-mail: dcubero@us.es, E-mail: n.quirke@imperial.ac.uk [State Key Lab. of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 28 Xianning West Road, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi (China); Department of Chemistry, Imperial College, London SW7 2AY (United Kingdom)

2014-04-21

306

Adiabatic Cluster State Quantum Computing  

E-print Network

Models of quantum computation are important because they change the physical requirements for achieving universal quantum computation (QC). For example, one-way QC requires the preparation of an entangled "cluster" state followed by adaptive measurement on this state, a set of requirements which is different from the standard quantum circuit model. Here we introduce a model based on one-way QC but without measurements (except for the final readout), instead using adiabatic deformation of a Hamiltonian whose initial ground state is the cluster state. This opens the possibility to use the copious results from one-way QC to build more feasible adiabatic schemes.

Bacon, Dave

2009-01-01

307

State coal profiles, January 1994  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of State Coal Profiles is to provide basic information about the deposits, production, and use of coal in each of the 27 States with coal production in 1992. Although considerable information on coal has been published on a national level, there is a lack of a uniform overview for the individual States. This report is intended to help fill that gap and also to serve as a framework for more detailed studies. While focusing on coal output, State Coal Profiles shows that the coal-producing States are major users of coal, together accounting for about three-fourths of total US coal consumption in 1992. Each coal-producing State is profiled with a description of its coal deposits and a discussion of the development of its coal industry. Estimates of coal reserves in 1992 are categorized by mining method and sulfur content. Trends, patterns, and other information concerning production, number of mines, miners, productivity, mine price of coal, disposition, and consumption of coal are detailed in statistical tables for selected years from 1980 through 1992. In addition, coal`s contribution to the State`s estimated total energy consumption is given for 1991, the latest year for which data are available. A US summary of all data is provided for comparing individual States with the Nation as a whole. Sources of information are given at the end of the tables.

Not Available

1994-02-02

308

Entanglement Teleportation via Werner States  

E-print Network

Transfer of entanglement and information is studied for quantum teleportation of an unknown entangled state through noisy quantum channels. We find that the quantum entanglement of the unknown state can be lost during the teleportation even when the channel is quantum correlated. We introduce a fundamental parameter of correlation information which dissipates linearly during the teleportation through the noisy channel. Analyzing the transfer of correlation information, we show that the purity of the initial state is important in determining the entanglement of the replica state.

Jinhyoung Lee; M. S. Kim

1999-07-10

309

STATE OF CALIFORNIA STATE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

: Vacant Associate: Vacant 3. Siting Committees · Blythe Solar Power Project Amendment Proceeding 09-AFC-6C1 STATE OF CALIFORNIA STATE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION In the Matter of: ) ENERGY COMMISSION ORDER ) Order No. 12-0509-2 Energy Commission Committees

310

State DOT: PENNSYLVANIA State Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

State DOT: PENNSYLVANIA State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods) to analyze our pavements. 2. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT testing methods compare positive experience with NDT methods, we do not feel they can entirely replace the accuracy of traditional

311

State DOT: UTAH State Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

State DOT: UTAH State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete). Research: NDT methods being investigated include: Visual distress mapping, Pachometer testing, Resistivity, the NDT techniques can provide a wealth of information about a structure without requiring significant

312

State DOT: California State Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

State DOT: California State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods locations within concrete pavement. 2. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT testing methods of the device. It is our goal to move toward NDT whenever a reliable method is available. Ground Penetrating

313

State DOT: Colorado State Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

State DOT: Colorado State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT testing methods compare to traditional testing methods? a. The NDT methods are anticipated to give better results in most instances. As new technology

314

State DOT: Iowa State Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

State DOT: Iowa State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete use of the MIT Scan T2 device for NDT thickness evaluation of PCC pavements. Work began in 2008_ncc_meeting.cfm. 2. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT testing methods compare to traditional

315

State DOT: Michigan State Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

State DOT: Michigan State Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete macro-texture of pavement surfaces. k. Etal. 2. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT of the NDT device. b. The necessary level of reliability depends if the NDT is being used for forensics

316

State Higher Education Budgeting Mechanisms in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

(Purpose) The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between certain characteristics of US states and their budgeting systems for higher education (HE), and to derive implications for Japanese HE budgeting policy from the results. (Methodology) The US's State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO) conducted a 30-item…

Mizuta, Kensuke; Yoshida, Kana; Yanagiura, Takeshi

2010-01-01

317

Portland State University Library Portland State University Archives  

E-print Network

Portland State University Library Portland State University Archives Excellence Innovation Success," she has helped build an archive that is accessible and interesting for students, faculty. The University Archives, under Cris Paschild's direction, aims to represent PSU's legacy as a diverse urban

Daescu, Dacian N.

318

New Hampshire State Climate Office Mary D. Stampone, State Climatologist  

E-print Network

New Hampshire State Climate Office Mary D. Stampone, State Climatologist University of New-862-4362 mary.stampone@unh.edu http://www.unh.edu/stateclimatologist/ 2011 Another top ten warmest for New year in New Hampshire since official records began in 1895. Although the year began below normal

New Hampshire, University of

319

OR State Profile. Oregon: Oregon State Assessment System (OSAS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides information about Oregon State Assessment System. Its purpose is to assess proficiency in the Essential Skills for the purpose of earning a regular or modified high school diploma. Oregon Assessment of Knowledge and Skills is also used for federal accountability purposes under No Child Left Behind. [For the main report, "State…

Center on Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

320

State of Disparities in Cardiovascular Health in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Reducing health disparities remains a major public health challenge in the United States. Having timely access to current data on disparities is important for policy and program development. Accordingly, we assessed the current magnitude of disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors in the United States. Methods and Results—Using national surveys, we determined CVD and risk factor prevalence

George A. Mensah; Ali H. Mokdad; Earl S. Ford; Kurt J. Greenlund; Janet B. Croft

321

New York State  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On March 26, New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg declared a drought emergency for the city and four upstate counties in response to the worst drought to hit the eastern United States in nearly 70 years. Restrictions on water use will affect more than 8 million residents of New York. The city's reservoirs, located in the Catskill Mountains, are at 52 percent capacity. One of these, Ashokan Reservoir, is seen in this pair of ASTER images acquired on September 18, 2000 and February 3, 2002.

These images were acquired by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA's Terra satellite. With its 14spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.

ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18,1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. ASTER is the only high resolution imaging sensor on Terra. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, along-term research and technology program designed to examine Earth's land, oceans, atmosphere, ice and life as a total integrated system.

The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

Size: 16.5 x 13 km (10.2 x 8.1 miles) Location: 41.9 deg. North lat., 74.2 deg. West long. Orientation: North at top Image Data: ASTER bands 1,2, and 3. Original Data Resolution: 15 m Date Acquired: September 18, 2000 and February 3, 2002

2002-01-01

322

Maintaining the unmethylated state  

PubMed Central

Background A remarkable correspondence exists between the cytogenetic locations of the known fragile sites and frequently reported sites of hypermethylation. The best-known features of fragile sites are sequence motifs that are prone to the spontaneous formation of a non-B DNA structure. These facts, coupled with the known enzymological specificities of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), the ATP-dependent and actin-dependent helicases, and the ten-eleven translocation (TET) dioxygenases, suggest that these enzymes are involved in an epigenetic cycle that maintains the unmethylated state at these sites by resolving non-B structure, preventing both the sequestration of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and hypermethylation in normal cells. Presentation of the hypothesis The innate tendency of DNA sequences present at fragile sites to form non-B DNA structures results in de novo methylation of DNA at these sites that is held in check in normal cells by the action of ATP-dependent and actin-dependent helicases coupled with the action of TET dioxygenases. This constitutes a previously unrecognized epigenetic repair cycle in which spontaneously forming non-B DNA structures formed at fragile sites are methylated by DNMTs as they are removed by the action of ATP-dependent and actin-dependent helicases, with the resulting nascent methylation rendered non-transmissible by TET dioxygenases. Testing the hypothesis A strong prediction of the hypothesis is that knockdown of ATP-dependent and actin-dependent helicases will result in enhanced bisulfite sensitivity and hypermethylation at non-B structures in multiple fragile sites coupled with global hypomethylation. Implications of the hypothesis A key implication of the hypothesis is that helicases, like the lymphoid-specific helicase and alpha thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked helicase, passively promote accurate maintenance of DNA methylation by preventing the sequestration of DNMTs at sites of unrepaired non-B DNA structure. When helicase action is blocked due to mutation or downregulation of the respective genes, DNMTs stall at unrepaired non-B structures in fragile sites after methylating them and are unable to methylate other sites in the genome, resulting in hypermethylation at non-B DNA-forming sites, along with hypomethylation elsewhere. PMID:24079333

2013-01-01

323

STATE OF FLORIDA LOYALTY OATH I, , a citizen of the State of , county of _, in United States  

E-print Network

the Constitution of the United States and of the State of Florida. PUBLIC OFFICERS A public or political officeSTATE OF FLORIDA LOYALTY OATH EmplID I, , a citizen of the State of , county of _, in United States is defined as position that is held at the local, state, or national level and is the result of a public

Wu, Shin-Tson

324

28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

2010-07-01

325

28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

2013-07-01

326

28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

2012-07-01

327

28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

2011-07-01

328

28 CFR 35.178 - State immunity.  

... Compliance Procedures § 35.178 State immunity. A State shall not be immune under the eleventh amendment to the Constitution of the United States from an action in Federal or State court of competent jurisdiction for a violation of...

2014-07-01

329

77 FR 48591 - State Rail Plan Guidance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FRA-2012-0066] State Rail Plan Guidance AGENCY: Federal Railroad...Request for Public Comment on Proposed State Rail Plan Guidance...submission, and acceptance of State rail plans. State rail plans are...

2012-08-14

330

24 CFR 91.110 - Consultation; states.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...hazards, the state shall consult with state or local health and child welfare agencies and examine...under the CDBG program, a state must consult with local governments in nonentitlement areas of the state. [71 FR 6962, Feb. 9,...

2010-04-01

331

DEGREE WORKSHEET TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

DEGREE WORKSHEET TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Bachelor of Fine Arts: Studio Art - 2012-2013 LIBERAL on this worksheet, with the following exception: a course used to fulfill any requirement in a student's degree. #12;DEGREE WORKSHEET TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY Major Requirements Seminar Requirements - 2 credit hours

Gering, Jon C.

332

Climates of the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to provide basic information about the climates of the United States and the causes of these climates. Events of interest in the climatological history of the United States are described and illustrated by many maps, charts and diagrams. The booklet has three major parts. Part I discusses climate and climate control in…

Baldwin, John L.

333

Interference Channel with State Information  

E-print Network

. . . . . . 21 1. Scheme without Active Interference Cancellation . . . 21 2. Scheme with Active Interference Cancellation . . . . . 24 D. The Mixed Gaussian IC with State Information . . . . . . 26 1. Scheme without Active Interference Cancellation . . . 26... 2. Scheme with Active Interference Cancellation . . . . . 29 3. A Special Case – Degraded Gaussian IC . . . . . . . . 31 E. The Weak Gaussian IC with State Information . . . . . . . 31 1. Scheme without Active Interference Cancellation . . . 31 2...

Zhang, Lili

2012-10-19

334

Fusarium Keratitis - Multiple States, 2006  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention investigated an outbreak of corneal infections caused by Fusarium involving at least 17 states as of April, 2006. Initial outbreak reports were from Singapore and Hong Kong. Preliminary results suggest that these outbreaks may be linked ...

335

Semiconductor Detectors (Solid State Detectors)  

E-print Network

Semiconductor Detectors (Solid State Detectors) energy, position particles & photons energy loss conversion electron-hole pairs energetic "cheap" improved resolution #12;Semiconductor Detectors (Solid State electrons holes ni = Nc Nv exp -Eg 2kT = AT 3/ 2 exp -Eg 2kT #12;Semiconductor Detectors how

Peletier, Reynier

336

Formal State Constitutional Change Processesi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constitutional change in democracies occurs in two ways: by altering the meaning of the document through interpretation, or by altering the text of the document through amendment or revision. For the United States Constitution, change through interpretation predominates. Review of the extensive experience of the American states with \\

Gerald Benjamin

337

United States Department of Agriculture  

E-print Network

United States Department of Agriculture Keys to Soil Taxonomy Ninth Edition, 2003 #12;#12;Keys to Soil Taxonomy By Soil Survey Staff United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources ...................................................................................................................................... 325 #12;#12;7 Foreword The publication Keys to Soil Taxonomy serves two purposes. It provides

Gray, Matthew

338

Introduction A State of Violence  

E-print Network

Introduction A State of Violence Massachusetts Multicultural Film Festival 2011 Stephen Clingman First, a parental advisory: this film is not called `State of Violence' for nothing. Those of you who. There are moments of violence which are, in my view, of the most difficult kind because they are personal, intimate

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

339

Solid State Physics: An Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

There's a wealth of excellent textbooks on solid state physics. The author of the present book is well aware of this fact and does not attempt to write just another one. Rather, he has provided a very compact introduction to solid state physics for third-year students. As we are faced with the continuous appearance interdisciplinary fields and associated study curricula

Bernhard Jakoby

2009-01-01

340

ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY HOUSING  

E-print Network

authorize University Housing to bill my Arizona State University student account for these charges. IARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY HOUSING Request for Phone Line Activation Academic Year 2010 - 2011 I have been assigned to a space in an on-campus residence hall and request University Housing

Rhoads, James

341

Dymanics of Generalized Coherent States  

E-print Network

We show that generalized coherent states follow Schr\\"{o}dinger dynamics in time-dependent potentials. The normalized wave-packets follow a classical evolution without spreading; in turn, the Schr\\"{o}dinger potential depends on the state through the classical trajectory. This feedback mechanism with continuous dynamical re-adjustement allows the packets to remain coherent indefinetely.

S. De Martino; S. De Siena; F. Illuminati

1995-01-10

342

Mental Health, United States 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains statistics on mental illness and organized mental health service delivery systems. Data sources cited include the National Institute of Mental Health, state mental health agencies, universities in the Epidemiological Catchment Area program, the National Center for Health Statistics, and the National Association of State…

Taube, Carl A., Ed.; Barrett, Sally A., Ed.

343

2011 HOLIDAYS Montana State University  

E-print Network

2011 HOLIDAYS Montana State University HOLIDAY DATE OBSERVED New Year's Day Friday, December 31. The Friday following Thanksgiving is designated a holiday for all Montana University System employees. Columbus Day has been exchanged for the Friday following Thanksgiving Human Resources Montana State

Dratz, Edward A.

344

State Governance Action Report, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fifth edition of the State Governance Action Report that has been produced since 2000 by the Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges' (AGB's) Ingram Center for Public Trusteeship and Governance. Focusing primarily on state and higher education policies directly affecting governance, trusteeship, and institutionally…

Ogle, Greg

2008-01-01

345

Systems for State Science Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), "Systems for State Science Assessment" explores the ideas and tools that are needed to assess science learning at the state level. This book provides a detailed examination of K-12 science assessment: looking specifically at what should be measured and how to measure it. Along with…

Wilson, Mark R., Ed.; Bertenthal, Meryl W., Ed.

2005-01-01

346

The Journey for Jackson State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article profiles Jackson State University, a historically Black school of more than 8,000 students located at the southern end of Jackson, Mississippi's majority-Black capital city. Founded in 1877, Jackson State has emerged as one of Mississippi's leading research institutions as well as one of the top HBCUs in the country for research. Its…

Roach, Ronald

2007-01-01

347

Guide to State Information Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine the information services provided by state information agencies, a telephone survey was conducted with representatives from 50 state agencies, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico. The survey solicited data regarding: (1) the comprehensiveness of each agency's Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) microfiche…

Miller, David H., Comp.

348

Children in the States, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report from the Children's Defense Fund lists statistics on child and youth well-being for each of the states and the United States as a whole. Statistics are provided in the following categories: (1) children participating in federally subsidized programs (including Title 1 Education for the Disadvantaged, bilingual education programs,…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

349

Resting State Networks and Consciousness  

PubMed Central

In order to better understand the functional contribution of resting state activity to conscious cognition, we aimed to review increases and decreases in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) functional connectivity under physiological (sleep), pharmacological (anesthesia), and pathological altered states of consciousness, such as brain death, coma, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome, and minimally conscious state. The reviewed resting state networks were the DMN, left and right executive control, salience, sensorimotor, auditory, and visual networks. We highlight some methodological issues concerning resting state analyses in severely injured brains mainly in terms of hypothesis-driven seed-based correlation analysis and data-driven independent components analysis approaches. Finally, we attempt to contextualize our discussion within theoretical frameworks of conscious processes. We think that this “lesion” approach allows us to better determine the necessary conditions under which normal conscious cognition takes place. At the clinical level, we acknowledge the technical merits of the resting state paradigm. Indeed, fast and easy acquisitions are preferable to activation paradigms in clinical populations. Finally, we emphasize the need to validate the diagnostic and prognostic value of fMRI resting state measurements in non-communicating brain damaged patients. PMID:22969735

Heine, Lizette; Soddu, Andrea; Gómez, Francisco; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey; Tshibanda, Luaba; Thonnard, Marie; Charland-Verville, Vanessa; Kirsch, Murielle; Laureys, Steven; Demertzi, Athena

2012-01-01

350

Additional Information Cal State Fullerton  

E-print Network

techniques and yoga show that we can train ourselves to relax. Analyze your stress occurrences. If you haveAdditional Information Cal State Fullerton Dean of Students Leading Can Be Stressful Practical hints with coping stress California State University, Fullerton Dean of Students Office Titan Student

de Lijser, Peter

351

2014 Landslide in Washington State  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Photograph from an aerial survey showing the extent and impacts from the landslide in northwest Washington that occurred on March 22, 2014. The survey was conducted by the Washington State Department of Transportation, Washington State Department of Natural Resources, USGS, and King County Sheriff's...

352

Energy Matters in Washington State  

E-print Network

Energy Matters in Washington State Energy Matters in Washington State www.energy.wsu.edu/library/ November 2009 #12;905 Plum Street SE, Building 3 P.O. Box 43169 Olympia, Washington 98504-3169 Energy University Extension Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, Building 3, P.O. Box 43169, Olympia, Washington

Collins, Gary S.

353

Lattice QCD Beyond Ground States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we apply black box methods (methods not requiring input) to find excited-state energies. A variety of such methods for lattice QCD were introduced at the 3rd iteration of the numerical workshop series. We first review a selection of approaches that have been used in lattice calculations to determine multiple energy states: multiple correlator fits, the variational method

Huey-Wen Lin; Saul D. Cohen

2007-01-01

354

STATE OF COLORADO PROCUREMENT CARD  

E-print Network

STATE OF COLORADO PROCUREMENT CARD PROGRAM #12;WELCOME Presented by the SLiCE Office - 491;WHAT IS A P CARD? Purchasing Card Commercial MasterCard Designated from state for small dollar purchases #12;OVERVIEW 1. How to Obtain a P CARD 2. How to Use a P CARD 3. Special Rules for P CARD Use 4

Boone, Randall B.

355

Boundary states for WZW models  

E-print Network

The boundary states for a certain class of WZW models are determined. The models include all modular invariants that are associated to a symmetry of the unextended Dynkin diagram. Explicit formulae for the boundary state coefficients are given in each case, and a number of properties of the corresponding NIM-reps are derived.

Matthias R Gaberdiel; Terry Gannon

2005-02-04

356

Guaranteed state estimation by zonotopes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new approach to guaranteed state estimation for nonlinear discrete-time systems with a bounded description of noise and parameters. The main result is an algorithm to compute a set that contains the states consistent with the measured output and the given noise and parameters. This set is represented by a zonotope. The volume of the zonotope is

T. Alamo; J. M. Bravo; E. F. Camacho

2003-01-01

357

Guaranteed state estimation by zonotopes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new approach to guaranteed state estimation for non-linear discrete-time systems with a bounded description of noise and parameters. The main result is an algorithm to compute a set that contains the states consistent with the measured output and the given noise and parameters. This set is represented by a zonotope. The size of the zonotope is

T. Alamo; J. M. Bravo; Eduardo F. Camacho

2005-01-01

358

Solid State Oak Ridge National  

E-print Network

The Solid State Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory A Brief History 1952­1995 #12;Cover for over 45 years of outstanding service to the Solid State Division and Oak Ridge National Laboratory of Clinton Laboratories, later designated the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Construction of the Laboratory

359

United States Space Shuttle Firsts  

E-print Network

Space Shuttle Challenger's first launch. [NASA Digital] 06/18/1983 STS-7 (Challenger) CREW: R. Crippen United States Space Shuttle Firsts 25th Anniversary National Aeronautics and Space Administration #12; Foreword This summary of the United States Space Shuttle Program firsts was compiled from various

360

School Reform in 10 States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third in a series, this report provides a brief look at the recent history of the education reform movements in 10 states. The report begins with an essay by William Chance, former executive director of the Washington State Temporary Committee on Educational Policies, Structure and Management. In an article entitled "Changing the Terms of…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

361

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY BURSAR'S OFFICE  

E-print Network

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY BURSAR'S OFFICE RESTRICTED TITLE IV FUND PAYMENT Valid through July 31st, return form to: Oklahoma State University Office of the Bursar 113 Student Union Building Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 Your authorization may be rescinded at any time by sending a written cancellation request

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

362

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY BURSAR'S OFFICE  

E-print Network

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY BURSAR'S OFFICE RESTRICTED PLUS LOAN PAYMENT Valid through July 31st, return form to: Oklahoma State University Office of the Bursar 113 Student Union Building Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 Your authorization may be rescinded at any time by sending a written cancellation request

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

363

TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES  

E-print Network

State University students, faculty and staff with maximum opportunity and space to advertise approvedTRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY ADVERTISING POLICIES The intent of these policies is to provide Truman or other methods of advertising. Anything publicized on the University campus by a student organization

Gering, Jon C.

364

1997 State Government Tax Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau has released the statistics on tax collections by the 50 state governments. The largest source of revenue for the state governments is the sales tax, which accounts for one-third of total tax revenue. The statistics may be downloaded as a text or Excel file.

1997-01-01

365

Psychopathology and primitive mental states.  

PubMed

The author discusses the psychoanalytic concept of primitive mental states, arguing that normal primitive mental states contain omnipotent fantasies that in an adult would be classified as delusions and hallucinations, but also contain sufficient reality sense to allow the infant to learn through experience that its omnipotent unconscious fantasies are not real, but only ordinary unconscious fantasies. Psychopathology of the type requiring psychoanalytic treatment is connected to persistent unconscious omnipotent fantasies (delusions). It is not the result of a regression to a normal primitive mental state, since in a normal primitive mental state, such delusions and their resultant inhibitions, symptoms and anxieties are gradually and spontaneously overcome through learning from experience. The unconscious delusions related to psychopathology persist because they are insulated from the effects of the learning from experience that would ordinarily convert them into unconscious fantasies by the use of transformations in hallucinosis, reversal of perspective and realistic projective identification by the psychotic part of the personality. Together, these mechanisms distort experience in such a way that reality appears to confirm, not challenge, the delusions, making learning impossible. The theory that psychopathology is due to a regression or fixation to a normal primitive mental state acts as a defence against the awareness that the mental states associated with current psychopathology are not like normal primitive ones, and that they differ from normal primitive mental states by containing forces that are sufficiently destructive of learning from experience to have prevented the patient's mental state from evolving in a normal fashion. PMID:9717101

Caper, R

1998-06-01

366

State controller for buck converter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The average state space model of the buck converter has been used in order to design the PI and state controller. Simple analytical expressions in terms of the circuit components are derived for frequency responses of time averaged (continuous) power-stage for use in designing and understanding the behavior of corresponding switched power stage. Such obtained models enable the designing of

Suzana Uran; M. Milanovic

2003-01-01

367

Markov Monitoring with Unknown States  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Pattern recognition methods and hidden Markov models can be effective tools for online health monitoring of communications systems. Previous work has assumed that the states in the system model are exhaustive. This can be a significant drawback in real-world fault monitoring applications where it is difficult if not impossible to model all the possible fault states of the system in advance.

Smyth, Padhraic

1993-01-01

368

Two-mode Nonlinear Coherent States  

E-print Network

Two-mode nonlinear coherent states are introduced in this paper. The pair coherent states and the two-mode Perelomov coherent states are special cases of the two-mode nonlinear coherent states. The exponential form of the two-mode nonlinear coherent states is given. The photon-added or photon-subtracted two-mode nonlinear coherent states are found to be two-mode nonlinear coherent states with different nonlinear functions. The parity coherent states are introduced as examples of two-mode nonlinear coherent states, and they are superpositions of two corresponding coherent states. We also discuss how to generate the parity coherent states in the Kerr medium.

Xiao-Guang Wang

2000-04-09

369

Are cloned quantum states macroscopic?  

PubMed

We study quantum states produced by optimal phase covariant quantum cloners. We argue that cloned quantum superpositions are not macroscopic superpositions in the spirit of Schrödinger's cat, despite their large particle number. This is indicated by calculating several measures for macroscopic superpositions from the literature, as well as by investigating the distinguishability of the two superposed cloned states. The latter rapidly diminishes when considering imperfect detectors or noisy states and does not increase with the system size. In contrast, we find that cloned quantum states themselves are macroscopic, in the sense of both proposed measures and their usefulness in quantum metrology with an optimal scaling in system size. We investigate the applicability of cloned states for parameter estimation in the presence of different kinds of noise. PMID:23215165

Fröwis, F; Dür, W

2012-10-26

370

Energy density of variational states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show, in several important and general cases, that a low variational energy density of a trial state is possible even when the trial state represents a different phase from the ground state. Specifically, we ask whether the ground-state energy density of a Hamiltonian whose ground state is in phase A can be approximated to arbitrary accuracy by a wave function, which represents a different phase B. We show this is indeed the case when A has discrete symmetry breaking order in one dimension or topological order in two dimensions, while B is disordered. We argue that, if reasonable conditions of physicality are imposed upon the trial wave function, then this is not possible when A has discrete symmetry breaking in dimensions greater than one and B is symmetric. Some other situations are also discussed.

Balents, Leon

2014-12-01

371

State-to-state dynamics of molecular energy transfer  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this research program is to elucidate the elementary dynamical mechanisms of vibrational and rotational energy transfer between molecules, at a quantum-state resolved level of detail. Molecular beam techniques are used to isolate individual molecular collisions, and to control the kinetic energy of collision. Lasers are used both to prepare specific quantum states prior to collision by stimulated-emission pumping (SEP), and to measure the distribution of quantum states in the collision products by laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). The results are interpreted in terms of dynamical models, which may be cast in a classical, semiclassical or quantum mechanical framework, as appropriate.

Gentry, W.R.; Giese, C.F. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)

1993-12-01

372

Pennsylvania Institute of State and Regional Affairs  

E-print Network

SDCPa Pennsylvania State Data Center Institute of State and Regional Affairs Penn State Harrisburg in Pennsylvania since it was established at Penn State Harrisburg in 1973. The Institute was created as a means. The Institute of State and Regional Affairs Institute of State and Regional Affairs (717) 948-6178 Pennsylvania

Maroncelli, Mark

373

Weak force detection with superposed coherent states  

E-print Network

We investigate the utility of non classical states of simple harmonic oscillators, particularly a superposition of coherent states, for sensitive force detection. We find that like squeezed states a superposition of coherent states allows displacement measurements at the Heisenberg limit. Entangling many superpositions of coherent states offers a significant advantage over a single mode superposition states with the same mean photon number.

W. J. Munro; K. Nemoto; G. J. Milburn; S. L. Braunstein

2001-09-11

374

Reusable State Machine Code Generator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The State Machine model is frequently used to represent the behaviour of a system, allowing one to express and execute this behaviour in a deterministic way. A graphical representation such as a UML State Chart diagram tames the complexity of the system, thus facilitating changes to the model and communication between developers and domain experts. We present a reusable state machine code generator, developed by the Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María and the European Southern Observatory. The generator itself is based on the open source project architecture, and uses UML State Chart models as input. This allows for a modular design and a clean separation between generator and generated code. The generated state machine code has well-defined interfaces that are independent of the implementation artefacts such as the middle-ware. This allows using the generator in the substantially different observatory software of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array and the ESO Very Large Telescope. A project-specific mapping layer for event and transition notification connects the state machine code to its environment, which can be the Common Software of these projects, or any other project. This approach even allows to automatically create tests for a generated state machine, using techniques from software testing, such as path-coverage.

Hoffstadt, A. A.; Reyes, C.; Sommer, H.; Andolfato, L.

2010-12-01

375

Separable States with Unique Decompositions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We search for faces of the convex set consisting of all separable states, which are affinely isomorphic to simplices, to get separable states with unique decompositions. In the two-qutrit case, we found that six product vectors spanning a five dimensional space give rise to a face isomorphic to the 5-dimensional simplex with six vertices, under a suitable linear independence assumption. If the partial conjugates of six product vectors also span a 5-dimensional space, then this face is inscribed in the face for PPT states whose boundary shares the fifteen 3-simplices on the boundary of the 5-simplex. The remaining boundary points consist of PPT entangled edge states of rank four. We also show that every edge state of rank four arises in this way. If the partial conjugates of the above six product vectors span a 6-dimensional space then we have a face isomorphic to 5-simplex, whose interior consists of separable states with unique decompositions, but with non-symmetric ranks. We also construct a face isomorphic to the 9-simplex. As applications, we give answers to questions in the literature Chen and Djokovi? (J Math Phys 54:022201, 2013) and Chen and Djokovi? (Commun Math Phys 323:241-284, 2013), and construct 3 ? 3PPT states of type (9,5). For the qubit-qudit cases with d ? 3, we also show that ( d + 1)-dimensional subspaces give rise to faces isomorphic to the d-simplices, in most cases.

Ha, Kil-Chan; Kye, Seung-Hyeok

2014-05-01

376

Tensor network states and geometry  

E-print Network

Tensor network states are used to approximate ground states of local Hamiltonians on a lattice in D spatial dimensions. Different types of tensor network states can be seen to generate different geometries. Matrix product states (MPS) in D=1 dimensions, as well as projected entangled pair states (PEPS) in D>1 dimensions, reproduce the D-dimensional physical geometry of the lattice model; in contrast, the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) generates a (D+1)-dimensional holographic geometry. Here we focus on homogeneous tensor networks, where all the tensors in the network are copies of the same tensor, and argue that certain structural properties of the resulting many-body states are preconditioned by the geometry of the tensor network and are therefore largely independent of the choice of variational parameters. Indeed, the asymptotic decay of correlations in homogeneous MPS and MERA for D=1 systems is seen to be determined by the structure of geodesics in the physical and holographic geometries, respectively; whereas the asymptotic scaling of entanglement entropy is seen to always obey a simple boundary law -- that is, again in the relevant geometry. This geometrical interpretation offers a simple and unifying framework to understand the structural properties of, and helps clarify the relation between, different tensor network states. In addition, it has recently motivated the branching MERA, a generalization of the MERA capable of reproducing violations of the entropic boundary law in D>1 dimensions.

G. Evenbly; G. Vidal

2011-06-06

377

Perfect State Transfer on a Spin Chain without State Initialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate that perfect state transfer can be achieved using an engineered spin chain and clean local end-chain operations, without requiring the initialization of the state of the medium nor fine-tuning of control pulses. This considerably relaxes the prerequisites for obtaining reliable transfer of quantum information across interacting-spin systems. Moreover, it allows us to shed light on the interplay among

C. di Franco; M. Paternostro; M. S. Kim

2008-01-01

378

Perfect State Transfer on a Spin Chain without State Initialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate that perfect state transfer can be achieved using an\\u000aengineered spin chain and clean local end-chain operations, without requiring\\u000athe initialization of the state of the medium nor fine tuning of\\u000acontrol-pulses. This considerably relaxes the prerequisites for obtaining\\u000areliable transfer of quantum information across interacting-spin systems.\\u000aMoreover, it allows us to shed light on the interplay among

C. Di Franco; M. Paternostro; M. S. Kim

2008-01-01

379

Appearance of Gibbs states in quantum-state tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I investigate the extent to which the description of quantum systems by Gibbs states can be justified purely on the basis of tomographic data, without recourse to theoretical concepts such as infinite ensembles, environments, or information or to the systems' dynamics. I show that the use of Gibbs states amounts to a relevance hypothesis, which I spell out in detail. This hypothesis can be subjected to statistical hypothesis testing and hence assessed on the basis of the experimental data.

Rau, Jochen

2014-12-01

380

Production of light stringy states  

E-print Network

We discuss the direct production of light stringy states. Those states correspond to the lightest stringy excitations localized at the intersection of two D-brane stacks and their mass can be parametrically smaller than the string scale. Thus in a low string scale scenario one may observe stringy signatures at LHC even in the absence of the usual string resonances. We compute the tree level string scattering amplitude involving two gauge bosons and two such light stringy states. We give the squared amplitude summed over all polarization and gauge configuration and eventually apply the result to the quark sector of a D-brane realization of the Standard Model.

Pascal Anastasopoulos; Robert Richter

2014-08-20

381

State building energy codes status  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the State Building Energy Codes Status prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830 and dated September 1996. The U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Codes and Standards has developed this document to provide an information resource for individuals interested in energy efficiency of buildings and the relevant building energy codes in each state and U.S. territory. This is considered to be an evolving document and will be updated twice a year. In addition, special state updates will be issued as warranted.

NONE

1996-09-01

382

Magnetic Edge States in Graphene  

E-print Network

Magnetic confinement in graphene has been of recent and growing interest because its potential applications in nanotechnology. In particular, the observation of the so called magnetic edge states in graphene has opened the possibility to deepen into the generation of spin currents and its applications in spintronics. We study the magnetic edge states of quasi-particles arising in graphene monolayers due to an inhomogeneous magnetic field of a magnetic barrier in the formalism of the two-dimensional massless Dirac equation. We also show how the solutions of such states in each of both triangular sublattices of the graphene are related through a supersymmetric transformation in the quantum mechanical sense.

Gabriela Murguia

2010-08-29

383

Arkansas Digital State Publications Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The state of Arkansas publishes hundreds of official newsletters, technical reports, and advisory documents each year. This archive contains over 6,100 of these documents, including the "2005 Arkansas Youth Tobacco Survey" and the "Spring 2001 Arkansas Wild Turkey Harvest Report." First-time visitors can look over the scrolling list of available documents here to get a feel for these materials. The site offers a great trove for those with an interest in public policy matters throughout the state and for students of state governance it is truly invaluable.

384

An Empirical State Error Covariance Matrix for Batch State Estimation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

State estimation techniques serve effectively to provide mean state estimates. However, the state error covariance matrices provided as part of these techniques suffer from some degree of lack of confidence in their ability to adequately describe the uncertainty in the estimated states. A specific problem with the traditional form of state error covariance matrices is that they represent only a mapping of the assumed observation error characteristics into the state space. Any errors that arise from other sources (environment modeling, precision, etc.) are not directly represented in a traditional, theoretical state error covariance matrix. Consider that an actual observation contains only measurement error and that an estimated observation contains all other errors, known and unknown. It then follows that a measurement residual (the difference between expected and observed measurements) contains all errors for that measurement. Therefore, a direct and appropriate inclusion of the actual measurement residuals in the state error covariance matrix will result in an empirical state error covariance matrix. This empirical state error covariance matrix will fully account for the error in the state estimate. By way of a literal reinterpretation of the equations involved in the weighted least squares estimation algorithm, it is possible to arrive at an appropriate, and formally correct, empirical state error covariance matrix. The first specific step of the method is to use the average form of the weighted measurement residual variance performance index rather than its usual total weighted residual form. Next it is helpful to interpret the solution to the normal equations as the average of a collection of sample vectors drawn from a hypothetical parent population. From here, using a standard statistical analysis approach, it directly follows as to how to determine the standard empirical state error covariance matrix. This matrix will contain the total uncertainty in the state estimate, regardless as to the source of the uncertainty. Also, in its most straight forward form, the technique only requires supplemental calculations to be added to existing batch algorithms. The generation of this direct, empirical form of the state error covariance matrix is independent of the dimensionality of the observations. Mixed degrees of freedom for an observation set are allowed. As is the case with any simple, empirical sample variance problems, the presented approach offers an opportunity (at least in the case of weighted least squares) to investigate confidence interval estimates for the error covariance matrix elements. The diagonal or variance terms of the error covariance matrix have a particularly simple form to associate with either a multiple degree of freedom chi-square distribution (more approximate) or with a gamma distribution (less approximate). The off diagonal or covariance terms of the matrix are less clear in their statistical behavior. However, the off diagonal covariance matrix elements still lend themselves to standard confidence interval error analysis. The distributional forms associated with the off diagonal terms are more varied and, perhaps, more approximate than those associated with the diagonal terms. Using a simple weighted least squares sample problem, results obtained through use of the proposed technique are presented. The example consists of a simple, two observer, triangulation problem with range only measurements. Variations of this problem reflect an ideal case (perfect knowledge of the range errors) and a mismodeled case (incorrect knowledge of the range errors).

Frisbee, Joseph H., Jr.

2011-01-01

385

State of the Lab 2012  

SciTech Connect

Ames Laboratory Director Alex King delivers the annual State of the Lab address on Thursday, May 17, 2012, the 65th Anniversary of the founding of The Ames Laboratory. This video contains highlights from the address.

King, Alex

2012-01-01

386

State Fact Sheets on COPD  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Share Compartir Fact Sheets The map below depicts quartiles of age-adjusted COPD prevalence (%). Select a state or territory from the ...

387

Entropy of quantum states: Ambiguities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The von Neumann entropy of a generic quantum state is not unique unless the state can be uniquely decomposed as a sum of extremal or pure states. As pointed out to us by Sorkin, this happens if the GNS representation (of the algebra of observables in some quantum state) is reducible, and some representations in the decomposition occur with non-trivial degeneracy. This non-unique entropy can occur at zero temperature. We will argue elsewhere in detail that the degeneracies in the GNS representation can be interpreted as an emergent broken gauge symmetry, and play an important role in the analysis of emergent entropy due to non-Abelian anomalies. Finally, we establish the analogue of an H -theorem for this entropy by showing that its evolution is Markovian, determined by a stochastic matrix.

Balachandran, A. P.; de Queiroz, A. R.; Vaidya, S.

2013-10-01

388

Presidential State of Union Addresses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For Internauts interested in historical perspective, a selected archive of State of the Union messages of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, along with a complete archive of messages from 1913 is available at the Northwestern University Political Science site.

President., United S.

389

Solid-state laser engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book provides a detailed discussion of solid-state lasers, their characteristics, design and construction. Emphasis is placed on engineering and practical considerations. To present the subject, phenomenological descriptions using models are used.

W. Koechner

1988-01-01

390

Students Learn Their State's Geography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a school project in which children learn about their state's geography by visiting Virginia's historical sites. The project's culminating activity was an individual presentation by each student about the history of the area they visited. (BSR)

Hamilton, William W.

1988-01-01

391

Differential geometry of density states  

E-print Network

We consider a geometrization, i.e., we identify geometrical structures, for the space of density states of a quantum system. We also provide few comments on a possible application of this geometrization for composite systems.

V. I. Man'ko; G. Marmo; E. C. G. Sudarshan; F. Zaccaria

2005-03-03

392

California State Board of Pharmacy  

E-print Network

California State Board of Pharmacy 1625 N. Market Blvd. Suite N-219 Sacramento, CA 95834 www.pharmacy with a measuring device, ask for one at the pharmacy. Some of the most common measuring devices include: dosing cup

393

Arizona State University replicate what  

E-print Network

and led to the German research university model. The United States imported that model, but the American research university is a significant departure from training centers for the religious and civil elite

McGraw, Kevin J.

394

State Regulation of Private Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines state laws and the actions of various courts on home instruction and unauthorized educational programs. Suggests reforming the regulation of private education through legislative action that requires periodic testing as an alternative to compulsory school attendance. (Author/MLF)

Lines, Patricia M.

1982-01-01

395

Watershed Protection Plans State Perspective  

E-print Network

;June 2, 2008 4 #12;June 2, 2008 5 What is a WPP? · Coordinated framework for implementing prioritized in Texas · Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board (TSSWCB) ­ Agricultural and Silvicultural NPS

396

State of Tobacco Control 2014  

MedlinePLUS

... Americans are living with a tobacco-caused disease. Economic costs due to smoking in the U.S. are ... toll tobacco use takes on lives and the economy. Little Progress Made at State or Federal Level ...

397

State Licensing and Regulation Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Early Care and Education (EH) Oral Health in Child Care and Early Education Preventing Childhood Obesity in Early ... Checklists & Tipsheets Licensing Toolkits Videos Resources A-Z Child Care Information Links State Licensing and Regulation Information Child ...

398

Total Energy Production State Rankings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ranks all 50 states in total energy production. Includes links to tables which rank production of crude oil, natural gas, coal, and electricity; crude oil emissions; total energy consumption; and energy prices.

Administration, Energy I.

399

LANDSAT information for state planning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The transfer of remote sensing technology for the digital processing of LANDSAT data to state and local agencies in Georgia and other southeastern states is discussed. The project consists of a series of workshops, seminars, and demonstration efforts, and transfer of NASA-developed hardware concepts and computer software to state agencies. Throughout the multi-year effort, digital processing techniques have been emphasized classification algorithms. Software for LANDSAT data rectification and processing have been developed and/or transferred. A hardware system is available at EES (engineering experiment station) to allow user interactive processing of LANDSAT data. Seminars and workshops emphasize the digital approach to LANDSAT data utilization and the system improvements scheduled for LANDSATs C and D. Results of the project indicate a substantially increased awareness of the utility of digital LANDSAT processing techniques among the agencies contracted throughout the southeast. In Georgia, several agencies have jointly funded a program to map the entire state using digitally processed LANDSAT data.

Faust, N. L.; Spann, G. W.

1977-01-01

400

Changing state structures: Outside in  

PubMed Central

In explaining the development of institutional structures within states, social science analysis has focused on autochthonous factors and paid less attention to the way in which external factors, especially purposive agent-directed as opposed to more general environmental factors, can influence domestic authority structures. For international relations scholarship, this lacunae is particularly troubling or perhaps, just weird. If the international system is anarchical, then political leaders can pursue any policy option. In some cases, the most attractive option would be conventional state to state interactions, diplomacy, or war. In other instances, however, changing the domestic authority structures of other states might be more appealing. In some cases, domestic authority structures have been influenced through bargaining, and in others through power. Power may reflect either explicit agent-oriented decisions or social processes that reflect the practices, values, and norms of more powerful entities. PMID:22198756

Krasner, Stephen D.

2011-01-01

401

State of the Air 2013  

MedlinePLUS

... links footer Smart links footer - Homepage Key Findings Ozone Pollution Year Round Particle Short Term Particle Cleanest ... Compare Your Air Select Your State Health Risks Ozone Pollution Particle Pollution Children’s Health Disparities & Near Highways ...

402

the Engaged Michigan State University  

E-print Network

and food safety ­ Urban and regional development ­ Environmental health ­ Public policy ­ TechnologyAdvocating & Modeling the Engaged University Michigan State University Cultural Engagement Council usability and accessibility Colleges & Academic Units Departments Schools Institutes Centers MSU

403

Wright State Expands Continuing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By leasing the Eugene W. Kettering Engineering and Science Center in downtown Dayton, Ohio, Wright State University plans to enlarge significantly its activities in continuing education for engineers, scientists, and others. (JR)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1974

1974-01-01

404

Experiments with Unusual Oxidation States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four synthesis experiments, adapted for the general chemistry laboratory, in which compounds in unusual oxidation are prepared. The abnormal oxidation states involved in the synthesis products are: silver (II), chromium (II), lead (IV), and bromine (I). (MLH)

Kauffman, G. B.

1975-01-01

405

Montana State University 1 Biotechnology  

E-print Network

Montana State University 1 Biotechnology Note: MSU's programs in the biological sciences options see Biological Sciences at MSU. Biotechnology Modern research in cellular and molecular biology biotechnology industries are involved in developing products to maintain biodiversity, restore soil and water

Maxwell, Bruce D.

406

Assisted Living State Regulatory Review  

MedlinePLUS

... Guidelines Consumer Resources Fraud Prevention Resources Health Information Technology In-Service Training Tools Periodicals State Regulatory Review Webinars Advocacy AHCA/NCAL Advocacy Center Medicaid and Finance Policy Medicare Part D Policy Congressional Hearings Community Operations ...

407

INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK Montana State University  

E-print Network

INTERNSHIP HANDBOOK Montana State University Counseling Program 2014-2015 #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS..........................................................................................................................................4 INTERNSHIP ASSIGNMENT TO YOUR PLACEMENT SITES........................................................................................5 APPLICATION TO INTERNSHIP SITES INTERNSHIP AT PLACE OF EMPLOYMENT OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION

Dyer, Bill

408

State and Local Bidder Preferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines some of the legal and practical matters involved when school boards adopt a policy giving competitive bid preferences to state and local vendors and contractors by penalizing the bids submitted by nonresident firms. (MLF)

Uerling, Donald F.

1984-01-01

409

APSRS state-base graphics  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The National Cartographic Information Center (NCIC) is the information branch of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Mapping Division. In order to organize and distribute information about U.S. aerial photography coverage and to help eliminate aerial mapping duplication by tracking individual aerial projects, NCIC developed the Aerial Photography Summary Record System (APSRS). APSRS's principal products are State-Base Graphics (SBG), graphic indexes that show the coverage of conventional aerial photography projects over each State.

U.S. Geological Survey

1981-01-01

410

Diffusion Processes and Coherent States  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is shown that stochastic processes of diffusion type possess, in all\\u000agenerality, a structure of uncertainty relations and of coherent and squeezed\\u000astates. This fact is used to obtain, via Nelson stochastic formulation of\\u000aquantum mechanics, the harmonic-oscillator coherent and squeezed states. The\\u000amethod allows to derive new minimum uncertainty states in time-dependent\\u000aoscillator potentials and for the Caldirola-Kanai

S. De Martino; S. De Siena; F. Illuminati; G. Vitiello

1994-01-01

411

Solid state mutarotation of glucose.  

PubMed

It has been recently shown that mechanical milling can amorphize D-glucose without any mutarotation, giving rise to an anomerically pure amorphous sample. We have taken advantage of this exceptional possibility to study the kinetic of mutarotation in the amorphous solid state. The investigations have been performed in situ by time-resolved Raman spectroscopy. The results reveal an unexpected coupling between the mutarotation process and the structural relaxations involved in the glassy state. PMID:21271722

Dujardin, N; Dudognon, E; Willart, J-F; Hédoux, A; Guinet, Y; Paccou, L; Descamps, M

2011-02-24

412

Quantum state of the multiverse  

SciTech Connect

A third quantization formalism is applied to a simplified multiverse scenario. A well-defined quantum state of the multiverse is obtained which agrees with standard boundary condition proposals. These states are found to be squeezed, and related to accelerating universes: they share similar properties to those obtained previously by Grishchuk and Siderov. We also comment on related works that have criticized the third quantization approach.

Robles-Perez, Salvador; Gonzalez-Diaz, Pedro F. [Colina de los Chopos, Centro de Fisica 'Miguel Catalan', Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain) and Estacion Ecologica de Biocosmologia, Pedro de Alvarado, 14, 06411 Medellin (Spain)

2010-04-15

413

Physical transformations between quantum states  

E-print Network

Given two sets of quantum states {A_1, ..., A_k} and {B_1, ..., B_k}, represented as sets of density matrices, necessary and sufficient conditions are obtained for the existence of a physical transformation T, represented as a trace-preserving completely positive map, such that T(A_i) = B_i for i = 1, ..., k. General completely positive maps without the trace-preserving requirement, and unital completely positive maps transforming the states are also considered.

Zejun Huang; Chi-Kwong Li; Edward Poon; Nung-Sing Sze

2012-10-26

414

Dimethylcarbene: A singlet ground state?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ab initio molecular electronic structure theory has been used to determine the energy separation between the lowest ³B⁠and ¹A states of dimethylcarbene. The geometries of both states have been optimized at the self-consistent Field(SCF) and the single and double excitation configurationinteraction (CISD) levels of theory using various basis sets. Single point energies at the coupled cluster with single and

Claude A. Richards; Seung-Joon Kim; Yukio Yamaguchi; Henry F. Schaefer

1995-01-01

415

Energy Forms, States and Conversions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students participate in many demonstrations during the first day of this lesson to learn basic concepts related to the forms and states of energy. This knowledge is then applied the second day as students assess various everyday objects to determine what forms of energy are transformed to accomplish the object's intended task. Students use block diagrams to illustrate the form and state of energy flowing into and out of the process.

Office Of Educational Partnerships

416

Pyramidal atoms: Berylliumlike hollow states  

SciTech Connect

Based on the idea that four excited electrons arrange themselves around the nucleus in the corners of a pyramid in order to minimize their mutual repulsion, we present an analytical model of quadruply excited states. The model shows excellent comparison with ab initio results and provides a clear physical picture of the intrinsic motion of the four electrons. The model is used to predict configuration-mixing fractions and spectra of these highly correlated states.

Poulsen, Marianne Dahlerup; Madsen, Lars Bojer [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Aarhus, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2005-06-15

417

Separable states to distribute entanglement  

E-print Network

It was shown that two distant particles can be entangled by sending a third particle never entangled with the other two [T. S. Cubitt et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 037902 (2003)]. In this paper, we investigate a class of three-qubit separable states to distribute entanglement by the same way, and calculate the maximal amount of entanglement which two particles of separable states in the class can have after applying the way.

Jeonghoon Park; Soojoon Lee

2010-12-23

418

Search for exotic charmonium states  

E-print Network

One of the most intriguing puzzles in hadron spectroscopy are the numerous charmonium-like states observed in the last decade, including charged states that are manifestly exotic. The $BABAR$ and Belle experiments have extensively studied those in B meson decays, initial state radiation processes and two photon reactions. We can question what we have understood after 11 year search in this field, and try to combine results to conclude on what these new unpredicted resonant states are, and how they can be accommodated in the theory. Big effort has been made from theoretical and experimental point of view, as the potential models unlikely explain the presence of so many enhancements, for mass values above the $D \\bar D$ threshold. In this report the $BABAR$ and Belle results of the two invariant mass systems of $J/\\psi \\phi$ and $J/\\psi \\omega$ are put in comparison in a search for non-conventional charmonium states. This involves the study of the systems of $J/\\psi K^+ K^-$ and $J/\\psi \\pi^+ \\pi^- \\pi^0$, respectively. There are strong theoretical arguments in favor of the presence of hybrids or exotic states, in those invariant mass distributions. Remarks on these data analyses are given, based on the $BABAR$ and Belle experimental results.

Elisabetta Prencipe

2014-11-03

419

Page 426 The California State University Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog TRUSTEES OF THE CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

Page 426 The California State University Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog TRUSTEES OF THE CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY EX OFFICIO TRUSTEES The Honorable Arnold Schwarzenegger State Capitol Governor of California Sacramento 95814 The Honorable John Garamendi State Capitol Lieutenant Governor of California

Ravikumar, B.

420

Page 430 The California State University Sonoma State University 2011-2012 Catalog TRUSTEES OF THE CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

Page 430 The California State University Sonoma State University 2011-2012 Catalog TRUSTEES OF THE CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY EX OFFICIO TRUSTEES The Honorable Edmund G. Brown, Jr. State Capitol Governor of California Sacramento 95814 The Honorable Gavin Newsom State Capitol Lieutenant Governor of California

Ravikumar, B.

421

The California State Unievrsity Page 395Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog TRUSTEES OF THE CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

The California State Unievrsity Page 395Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog TRUSTEES OF THE CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY EX OFFICIO TRUSTEES The Honorable Arnold Schwarzenegger State Capitol Governor of California Sacramento 95814 The Honorable Cruz Bustamante State Capitol Lieutenant Governor of California

Ravikumar, B.

422

The California State University Page 429Sonoma State University 2008-2010 Catalog TRUSTEES OF THE CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

The California State University Page 429Sonoma State University 2008-2010 Catalog TRUSTEES OF THE CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY EX OFFICIO TRUSTEES The Honorable Arnold Schwarzenegger State Capitol Governor of California Sacramento 95814 The Honorable John Garamendi State Capitol Lieutenant Governor of California

Ravikumar, B.

423

Negative Binomial States of the Radiation Field and their Excitations are Nonlinear Coherent States  

E-print Network

We show that the well-known negative binomial states of the radiation field and their excitations are nonlinear coherent states. Excited nonlinear coherent state are still nonlinear coherent states with different nonlinear functions. We finally give exponential form of the nonlinear coherent states and remark that the binomial states are not nonlinear coherent states.

Xiao-Guang Wang; Hong-Chen Fu

1999-03-03

424

Reconstructing Quantum States from Local Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the problem of reconstructing global quantum states from local data. Because the reconstruction problem has many solutions in general, we consider the reconstructed state of maximum global entropy consistent with the local data. We show that unique ground states of local Hamiltonians are exactly reconstructed as the maximal entropy state. More generally, we show that if the state in question is a ground state of a local Hamiltonian with a degenerate space of locally indistinguishable ground states, then the maximal entropy state is close to the ground state projector. We also show that local reconstruction is possible for thermal states of local Hamiltonians. Finally, we discuss a procedure to certify that the reconstructed state is close to the true global state. We call the entropy of our reconstructed maximum entropy state the "reconstruction entropy," and we discuss its relation to emergent geometry in the context of holographic duality.

Swingle, Brian; Kim, Isaac H.

2014-12-01

425

Interference and which-state information for nonorthogonal states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In two-dimensional systems, predictability and visibility satisfy a complementarity relation, which has been generalized to bipartite systems by including the concurrence. We consider systems in which the two alternatives of a which-state experiment are nonorthogonal states and propose generalized measures of predictability and visibility. Criteria like symmetry under exchange of the alternatives, vanishing visibility when only one of the alternatives is present, and clear operational meaning, favor definitions of predictability and visibility which use a three-dimensional basis, previously employed in the unambiguous discrimination of nonorthogonal states. We derive generalized single-partite and bipartite complementarity relations and find that predictability and visibility do not exhaust the single-partite properties for a nonorthogonal basis. A recent experiment on the quantum-classical border is analyzed using generalized complementarity relations.

Fonseca-Romero, K. M.; de Oliveira, J. G. G.; Peixoto de Faria, J. G.; Nemes, M. C.

2014-12-01

426

State nonpoint source programs affecting forestry: The 12 northeastern states  

SciTech Connect

Programs addressing nonpoint source (NPS) water pollution impacts in forestry cover a wide range of activities in the Northeast. While state water program managers rate forestry-related sedimentation as a low priority problem, monitoring data to verify this are scanty. Most states have cooperative arrangements between environmental agencies which handle enforcement and forestry agencies which deliver NPS programs. Field assessments show that properly installed BMPs are effecting in minimizing sedimentation from forestry activities. Only a few field reviews of compliance have been done. These show that while noncompliance is significant, and erosion does occur, the water quality impacts appear to be minimal. While significant progress has been made, it will be difficult to maintain program momentum in the extremely difficult fiscal climate faced by the northeastern states. Also, the research base for defining more cost-effective practices and administrative programs has important gaps.

Irland, L.C.; Connors, J.F. (Irland Group, Winthrop, ME (United States))

1994-03-01

427

State electricity profiles, March 1999  

SciTech Connect

Due to the role electricity plays in the Nation`s economic and social well-being, interested parties have been following the electric power industry`s transition by keeping abreast of the restructuring and deregulation events that are taking place almost daily. Much of the attention centers around the States and how they are restructuring the business of electricity supply within their respective jurisdictions. This report is designed to profile each State and the District of Columbia regarding not only their current restructuring activities, but also their electricity generation and concomitant statistics from 1986 through 1996. Included are data on a number of subject areas including generating capability, generation, revenues, fuel use, capacity factor for nuclear plants, retail sales, and pollutant emissions. Although the Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes this type of information, there is a lack of a uniform overview for each individual State. This report is intended to help fill that gap and also to serve as a framework for more detailed studies. In addition to basic statistics in tables and graphs, a textual section is provided for each State, discussing some of the points relative to electricity production that are noteworthy in, or unique to, that particular State. Also, each State is ranked according to the place it holds, as compared to the rest of the states, in various relevant areas, such as its average price of electricity per kilowatthour, its population, and its emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants. The final chapter covers the Nation as a whole. 451 figs., 520 tabs.

NONE

1999-03-01

428

Experimental (e,2e) study of state-to-state interference between autoionizing states of He  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The electron impact excitation of the autoionizing states of helium, their subsequent decay into the same He+1s-1 final ionic state, and the interference of these processes are studied. The scattered-ejected electron pairs are observed in coincidence by two electron spectrometers. A constant ionic state (e,2e) experiment (CIS) is performed, isolating the final state by keeping the sum of transmission energies of the spectrometers constant. The focus of this work is on the exchange interference effects of the 2s2(1S) and 2p2(1D) autoionizing states of helium. Around the critical energy (where the energy of the scattered electron from one reaction channel equals the energy of the ejected electron released along the other reaction channel), even a few tenths of eV modification in primary energy causes a significant change in the CIS spectra, which indicates the presence of exchange interference effects. Contribution to the Topical Issue "Elementary Processes with Atoms and Molecules in Isolated and Aggregated States", edited by Friedrich Aumayr, Bratislav Marinkovic, Stefan Matejcik, John Tanis and Kurt H. Becker.

Paripás, Béla; Palásthy, Béla; Pszota, Gábor

2015-02-01

429

Visualizing spin states using the spin coherent state representation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Orbital angular momentum eigenfunctions are readily understood in terms of spherical harmonics. However, the quantum mechanical phenomenon of spin is often said to be mysterious and hard to visualize, with no classical analog. Many textbooks give a heuristic and somewhat unsatisfying picture of a precessing spin vector. Here, we show that the spin-coherent-state representation is a striking, elegant, and mathematically meaningful tool for visualizing spin states. We also demonstrate that cartographic projections such as the Hammer projection are useful for visualizing functions defined on spherical surfaces.

Lee Loh, Yen; Kim, Monica

2015-01-01

430

The state of amphibians in the United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

More than 25 years ago, scientists began to identify unexplained declines in amphibian populations around the world. Much has been learned since then, but amphibian declines have not abated and the interactions among the various threats to amphibians are not clear. Amphibian decline is a problem of local, national, and international scope that can affect ecosystem function, biodiversity, and commerce. This fact sheet provides a snapshot of the state of the amphibians and introduces examples to illustrate the range of issues in the United States.

Muths, E.; Adams, M.J.; Grant, E.H.C.; Miller, D.; Corn, P.S.; Ball, L.C.

2012-01-01

431

Thermodynamic States in Explosion Fields  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the thermodynamic states occurring in explosion fields from condensed explosive charges. These states are often modeled with a Jones-Wilkins-Lee (JWL) function. However, the JWL function is not a Fundamental Equation of Thermodynamics, and therefore cannot give a complete specification of such states. We use the Cheetah code of Fried to study the loci of states of the expanded detonation products gases from C-4 charges, and their combustion products air. In the Le Chatelier Plane of specific-internal-energy versus temperature, these loci are fit with a Quadratic Model function u(T), which has been shown to be valid for T < 3,000 K and p < 1k-bar. This model is used to derive a Fundamental Equation u(v,s) for C-4. Given u(v,s), one can use Maxwell's Relations to derive all other thermodynamic functions, such as temperature: T(v,s), pressure: p(v,s), enthalpy: h(v,s), Gibbs free energy: g(v,s) and Helmholz free energy: f(v,s); these loci are displayed in figures for C-4. Such complete equations of state are needed for numerical simulations of blast waves from explosive charges, and their reflections from surfaces.

Kuhl, A L

2010-03-12

432

Linearized theory of peridynamic states.  

SciTech Connect

A state-based peridynamic material model describes internal forces acting on a point in terms of the collective deformation of all the material within a neighborhood of the point. In this paper, the response of a state-based peridynamic material is investigated for a small deformation superposed on a large deformation. The appropriate notion of a small deformation restricts the relative displacement between points, but it does not involve the deformation gradient (which would be undefined on a crack). The material properties that govern the linearized material response are expressed in terms of a new quantity called the modulus state. This determines the force in each bond resulting from an incremental deformation of itself or of other bonds. Conditions are derived for a linearized material model to be elastic, objective, and to satisfy balance of angular momentum. If the material is elastic, then the modulus state is obtainable from the second Frechet derivative of the strain energy density function. The equation of equilibrium with a linearized material model is a linear Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. An analogue of Poincare's theorem is proved that applies to the infinite dimensional space of all peridynamic vector states, providing a condition similar to irrotationality in vector calculus.

Silling, Stewart Andrew

2009-04-01

433

Thermodynamic States in Explosion Fields  

SciTech Connect

Here we investigate the thermodynamic states occurring in explosion fields from the detonation of condensed explosives in air. In typical applications, the pressure of expanded detonation products gases is modeled by a Jones-Wilkins-Lee (JWL) function: P{sub JWL} = f(v,s{sub CJ}); constants in that function are fit to cylinder test data. This function provides a specification of pressure as a function of specific volume, v, along the expansion isentrope (s = constant = s{sub CJ}) starting at the Chapman-Jouguet (CJ) state. However, the JWL function is not a fundamental equation of thermodynamics, and therefore gives an incomplete specification of states. For example, explosions inherently involve shock reflections from surfaces; this changes the entropy of the products, and in such situations the JWL function provides no information on the products states. In addition, most explosives are not oxygen balanced, so if hot detonation products mix with air, they after-burn, releasing the heat of reaction via a turbulent combustion process. This raises the temperature of explosion products cloud to the adiabatic flame temperature ({approx}3,000K). Again, the JWL function provides no information on the combustion products states.

Kuhl, A L

2009-10-16

434

Regional and State Level Water Scarcity Report: Northeast United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are an abundance of large-scale, coarse resolution global water scarcity studies, but the existing literature fails to address regional and state specific scarcity measures. Moreover, while environmental water requirements are an integral factor in the development and implementation of sustainable water management practices, only recently has this notion been introduced to water scarcity research. In this paper, we argue that developing a preliminary measure of water scarcity, at the regional and state levels, will allow for more informed policy development. The goal of this study is to generate a more comprehensive understanding of water scarcity in the Northeast, by gathering fine scale data, applying a consistent methodology to the calculation of a scarcity index, and analyzing the results to see relative trends in spatio-temporal water scarcity. Public supply, irrigation, rural, industrial and thermo-power withdrawals have been compiled from USGS state water use publications from 1950 to 1985. Using the WBMplus water model runoff data, state specific in-stream environmental water requirements were calculated using the accepted hydro-ecological methodology. Water scarcity was then calculated as a ratio of water withdrawals to total available water minus environmental flow requirements for the system. In so doing, this study generates a spatially explicit and temporally varying water scarcity indicator (WSI) for the Northeastern United States between 1950 and 2000 at the regional and state levels at a five-year time interval. Calculation of a spatial and temporal water scarcity indicator enabled us to identify regions and specific states that were: slightly exploited (WSI < 0.3), moderately exploited (0.31.0). The minimum environmental water requirements to maintain in-stream aquatic and riparian ecosystems for the Northeastern states ranged between 27.5 to 36.3 percent of the mean annual runoff within Vermont and Maryland, respectively. The regional WSI values ranged between 0.199 in 1950 and 0.512 in 1995, indicating increasing water scarcity over time as population and employment growth has placed greater demands on water resources. Additionally, our study revealed that in 1980, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and New Jersey scarcity levels were 0.733, 0.790 and 0.857, respectively. Although the Northeastern United States is commonly perceived as a water rich region, moderate to heavily exploited levels of water stress were observed over the time period when a finer spatial scale is utilized. Water scarcity indicator values were disaggregated by state for each time period and illustrated using a series of maps. Additional descriptive statistics were used to elucidate the differences in water scarcity between states over time.

Nicoletti, C. K.; Lopez-Morales, C. A.; Hoover, J. H.; Voigt, B. G.; Vorosmarty, C. J.; Mohammed, I. N.

2010-12-01

435

34 CFR 403.70 - How must funds be used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities?  

...used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities? 403.70 Section 403...Programs? State Programs and State Leadership Activities § 403.70 How must...used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities? A State shall use...

2014-07-01

436

34 CFR 403.70 - How must funds be used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities? 403.70 Section 403...Programs? State Programs and State Leadership Activities § 403.70 How must...used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities? A State shall use...

2011-07-01

437

34 CFR 403.70 - How must funds be used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities? 403.70 Section 403...Programs? State Programs and State Leadership Activities § 403.70 How must...used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities? A State shall use...

2013-07-01

438

34 CFR 403.70 - How must funds be used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities? 403.70 Section 403...Programs? State Programs and State Leadership Activities § 403.70 How must...used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities? A State shall use...

2012-07-01

439

34 CFR 403.70 - How must funds be used under the State Programs and State Leadership Activities?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... State Programs and State Leadership Activities § 403.70 ...the State Programs and State Leadership Activities? A State shall...the State Programs and State Leadership Activities in accordance with...academic and occupational skills may be measured; and...

2010-07-01

440

Quantum States as Ordinary Information  

E-print Network

Despite various parallels between quantum states and ordinary information, quantum no-go-theorems have convinced many that there is no realistic framework that might underly quantum theory, no reality that quantum states can represent knowledge *about*. This paper develops the case that there is a plausible underlying reality: one actual spacetime-based history, although with behavior that appears strange when analyzed dynamically (one time-slice at a time). By using a simple model with no dynamical laws, it becomes evident that this behavior is actually quite natural when analyzed "all-at-once" (as in classical action principles). From this perspective, traditional quantum states would represent incomplete information about possible spacetime histories, conditional on the future measurement geometry. Without dynamical laws imposing additional restrictions, those histories can have a classical probability distribution, where exactly one history can be said to represent an underlying reality.

Ken Wharton

2014-03-08

441

Equilibrium states of gravitational systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We formulate the equilibrium correlation functions for local observables of an assembly of non-relativistic, neutral gravitating fermions in the limit where the number of particles becomes infinite, and in a scaling where the region ?, to which they are confined, remains fixed. We show that these correlation functions correspond, in the limit concerned, to states on the discrete tensor productmathop ? limits_{x in ? } A_x , where theA_x 's are copies of the gauge invariant C*-algebraA of the CAR over L 2( R 3). The equilibrium states themselves are then given bymathop ? limits_{x in ? } bar ? _{\\varrho 0(x)} , wherebar ? _\\varrho , is the Gibbs state onA for an infinitely extended ideal Fermi gas at density ?, and where ?0 is the normalised density function that minimises the Thomas-Fermi functional, obtained in [2], governing the equilibrium thermodynamics of the system.

Narnhofer, Heide; Sewell, Geoffrey L.

1980-02-01

442

TT Arietis - The low state  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comprehensive photometric and spectroscopic study of the low state of the novalike variable TT Ari has been made with observations spanning the UV to IR spectral regions. The roughly 5 mag drop in the system's luminosity from the high state indicates that the mass-transfer rate decreased by more than two orders of magnitude. The drastic reduction in the luminosity of the accretion disk between the high and low states enabled the white dwarf component to be directly observed for the first time. The broad absorption profiles at various lines and the UV energy distribution are best fitted by a hot white dwarf. A lower limit of 200 pc for the distance to TT Ari is derived, and the behavior of TT Ari is compared to that of another novalike variable, MV Lyr. The long-term photometric behavior of TT Ari makes it a typical member of the VY Scl subclass of novalike variables.

Shafter, A. W.; Szkody, P.; Liebert, J.; Penning, W. R.; Bond, H. E.; Grauer, A. D.

1985-01-01

443

Montana State Historic Preservation Office  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Montana State Historic Preservation Office works with dozens of partners across Big Sky country to preserve the state's cultural and historic places. The website for the Office contains information about their staff, historic architecture, archaeological projects, and cultural records. Visitors can click on the State-owned Heritage Properties link, located at the bottom of the page, to find a list of historic properties owned and managed by Montana. They can also look over technical reports and documents about these properties. Visitors should not miss the report titled "Montana Modernism." This gem offers information and commentary on recently identified properties in Montana (such as the Safeway Grocery in Butte) built in the two decades after World War II. Finally, visitors with a interest in preservation policy can browse through the Preservation Law section.

2012-03-09

444

The Kissinger State Department Telcons  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Security Archive released its 135th electronic briefing book on October 1, 2004, and it is one that will be one of great interest to those with a penchant for United States foreign relations in the 1970s. This particular electronic briefing book contains sixteen telcons (transcripted telephone conversations) between Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and other government officials, and such personages as William F. Buckley and Frank Sinatra. These telcons are only a small sampling of the 3200 telcons obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request to the State Department. Some of the rather interesting conversation transcripts featured here include discussions with William D. Rogers (the Assistant Secretary on Latin America) on the situation in Chile and other equally historic phone calls, such as the one that informed Mr. Kissinger that Saigon had surrendered.

445

Adaptable state based control system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An autonomous controller, comprised of a state knowledge manager, a control executor, hardware proxies and a statistical estimator collaborates with a goal elaborator, with which it shares common models of the behavior of the system and the controller. The elaborator uses the common models to generate from temporally indeterminate sets of goals, executable goals to be executed by the controller. The controller may be updated to operate in a different system or environment than that for which it was originally designed by the replacement of shared statistical models and by the instantiation of a new set of state variable objects derived from a state variable class. The adaptation of the controller does not require substantial modification of the goal elaborator for its application to the new system or environment.

Rasmussen, Robert D. (Inventor); Dvorak, Daniel L. (Inventor); Gostelow, Kim P. (Inventor); Starbird, Thomas W. (Inventor); Gat, Erann (Inventor); Chien, Steve Ankuo (Inventor); Keller, Robert M. (Inventor)

2004-01-01

446

Typical Pure Nonequilibrium Steady States  

E-print Network

We show that typicality holds for a class of nonequilibrium systems, i.e., nonequilibrium steady states (NESSs): almost all the pure states properly sampled from a certain Hilbert space well represent a NESS and characterize its intrinsic thermal nature. We clarify the relevant Hilbert space from which the pure states are to be sampled, and construct practically all the typical pure NESSs. The scattering approach leads us to the natural extension of the typicality for equilibrium systems. Each pure NESS correctly yields the expectation values of observables given by the standard ensemble approach. It means that we can calculate the expectation values in a NESS with only a single pure NESS. We provide an explicit construction of the typical pure NESS for a model with two reservoirs, and see that it correctly reproduces the Landauer-type formula for the current flowing steadily between the reservoirs.

Takaaki Monnai; Kazuya Yuasa

2014-04-13

447

Pennsylvania State University Libraries: Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maps of the Keystone State are in abundance here, and there are some rare surprises among this bunch. The site was created by the Pennsylvania State University Libraries and it contains five separate areas for cartographers, historians, and others who love spatial relationships. First up is the 1861 Digital Atlas of Centre County. Centre County is home to State College, PA and the interface here allows interested parties to wander around at their leisure. After that, why not look at the 15 minute series topographic maps offered here? Of course, those with a love of the urban landscape should look over the extensive Sanborn Fire Insurance maps, which document cities from Harrisburg to Chester.

448

Elkhorn ruling boosts state authority  

SciTech Connect

On 31 May 1994, a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision expanded state authority to establish conditions to protect water quality and included stream flows, aesthetics, and, potentially, other elements in a broad definition of water quality. Called the {open_quotes}Elkhorn case{close_quotes} the Supreme Court ruled that the state of Washington Department of Ecology has authority to set instream flows for fish (primarily steelhead, chinook, and coho salmon) as a condition of a Water Quality Certification (WQC) issued by the state under Section 401 of the federal Clean Water Act (CWA). The case surrounded the petitioners (applicants) proposed building of the Elkhorn Hydroelectric Project on the Dosewallips River, Washington. The project would have consisted of a dam near the boundary of Olympic National Park and a pipeline to carry diverted water around a 1.2-mile bypass reach to a powerhouse at Olympic National Forest`s Elkhorn Campground.

Beecher, H.A. [Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Olympia, WA (United States)

1995-03-01

449

National States Geographic Information Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the exponential growth in geographic information systems (GIS) across the United States, there are a number of organizations with an interest in coordinating a variety of activities around the sustained growth and management of these various systems. One such group is the National States Geographic Information Council (NSGIC). With members drawn from the federal government, academia, and the private sector, the Council is committed to advocating on behalf of these state GIS agencies in the interest of creating efficient and accessible databases. A good place to start on their website is the â??Hot Topicsâ? area, which provides access to their blog and information about some of their latest initiatives, which include those that address homeland security and topographic accuracy. Additionally, visitors can also learn more about their events and conferences, and also about membership opportunities.

450

NC STATE UNIVERSITY 2013 SUMMER RESEARCH EXPERIENCES  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Computational Astrophysics Undergraduate Research ProgramNC STATE UNIVERSITY 2013 SUMMER RESEARCH EXPERIENCES @ North Carolina State University #12;Summer Research Experiences @ NC State University Why Should You Apply for an Undergraduate Summer Research

Buckel, Jeffrey A.

451

Finite Translations in Solid-State Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eigenvalues of finite translations are used for specifying a complete set of states in quantum mechanics. A derivation of these states is given and they are shown to be very useful in solid-state physics.

J. Zak

1967-01-01

452

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIAN PERSONNEL HANDBOOK  

E-print Network

SECTION I MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIAN PERSONNEL HANDBOOK OF POLICIES, PROCEDURES, AND PRACTICES _____________________________ SECTION II MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY FACULTY BYLAWS AND APPENDICES SEPTEMBER 2012 Revised January 2013, March 2013, April 2013 #12;Michigan State University

453

40 CFR 272.1150 - State authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Michigan § 272.1150 State authorization. (a) The State of Michigan is authorized to administer and...State's program, as administered by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources,...

2012-07-01

454

40 CFR 272.1150 - State authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Michigan § 272.1150 State authorization. (a) The State of Michigan is authorized to administer and...State's program, as administered by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources,...

2011-07-01

455

40 CFR 272.1150 - State authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Michigan § 272.1150 State authorization. (a) The State of Michigan is authorized to administer and...State's program, as administered by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources,...

2013-07-01

456

40 CFR 272.1150 - State authorization.  

...HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Michigan § 272.1150 State authorization. (a) The State of Michigan is authorized to administer and...State's program, as administered by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources,...

2014-07-01

457

40 CFR 272.1150 - State authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS Michigan § 272.1150 State authorization. (a) The State of Michigan is authorized to administer and...State's program, as administered by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources,...

2010-07-01

458

State of the World's Children Reports  

MedlinePLUS

... STATISTICS BLOGS Search GO The State of the World's Children The State of the World's Children reports Newsline Searchable PDF archive The State of the World's Children reports Each year, UNICEF’s flagship publication, ...

459

Kidney Disease Statistics for the United States  

MedlinePLUS

... Disease Statistics for the United States Kidney Disease Statistics for the United States On this page: The ... The Growing Burden of Kidney Disease Kidney disease statistics for the United States convey the burden of ...

460

12 CFR 1026.29 - State exemptions.  

... false State exemptions. 1026.29 Section 1026.29 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Miscellaneous § 1026.29 State exemptions. (a) General rule. Any state...

2014-01-01

461

Extending Hudson's theorem to mixed quantum states  

E-print Network

According to Hudson’s theorem, any pure quantum state with a positive Wigner function is necessarily a Gaussian state. Here, we make a step toward the extension of this theorem to mixed quantum states by finding upper and ...

Mandilara, A.

462

78 FR 57450 - State Rail Plan Guidance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FRA-2012-0066] State Rail Plan Guidance AGENCY: Federal Railroad...Notice of Availability of Final State Rail Plan Guidance...announce the availability of final State Rail Plan Guidance. The purpose of...

2013-09-18

463

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-print Network

OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Assistant Professor The School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Oklahoma State University is pleased to invite applications for six. Salary and other compensation are competitive with major research institutions. Oklahoma State University

464

2012 Boise State University 1 The State of  

E-print Network

of Wisconsin-Madison Madhusudan Kongara, Physics - National Institute of Technology Joe Champion, Math Blatt, Anthropology - Ohio State University Tammy Buonasera, Anthropology - University of Arizona Lane "Student Drought Hits Smaller Universities" The Wall Street Journal; July 25, 2013 "Healing Economy Crimps

Barrash, Warren

465

The Changing State of State Funding--Opportunity and Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent economic downturn has had a serious effect on public higher education, and problems will linger for some years hence. The impact of this disinvestment has been particularly severe for the University of California. The dramatic decrease in state funding has necessitated large relative increases in education and registration fees for our…

White, Timothy P.

2010-01-01

466

Stabilization of LPV Systems: State Feedback, State Estimation, and Duality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the problem of the stabilization of Linear Parameter Varying systems by means of Gain Scheduling Control, is considered This technique consists on designing a controller which is able to update its parameters on-line according to the variations of the plant parameters. We first consider the state feedback case and we show a design procedure based on the

Franco Blanchini; Stefano Miani

2003-01-01

467

Stabilization of LPV systems: state feedback, state estimation and duality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the problem of the stabilization of linear parameter varying systems by means of gain scheduling control is considered. This technique consists on designing a controller which is able to update its parameters on-line according to the variations of the plant parameters. We first consider the state feedback case and we show a design procedure based on the

Franco Blanchini; Stefano Miani

2003-01-01

468

European Integration and the Welfare State(s) in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the state-of-the-art on European social policy integration. It summarises the controversy over the 'social dimension of European integration', which has been ongoing ever since the founding fathers of European integration in 1957 agreed that the economies should be integrated basically without social regulation to counterbalance liberalisation effects. It presents the historical development of EU social policy as

Gerda Falkner

2009-01-01

469

Coherent States on Riemann Surfaces as m-Photon States  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Coherent states on the m-sheeted sphere (for the SU(2) group) are used to define analytic representations. The corresponding generators create and annihilate clusters of m-photons. Non-linear Hamiltonians that contain these generators are considered and their eigenvectors and eigenvalues are explicitly calculated. The Holstein-Primakoff and Schwinger formalisms in this context are also discussed.

Vourdas, A.

1996-01-01

470

Ground-state Dirac monopole  

SciTech Connect

We show theoretically that a monopole defect, analogous to the Dirac magnetic monopole, may exist as the ground state of a dilute spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensate. The ground-state monopole is not attached to a single semi-infinite Dirac string but forms a point where the circulation of a single vortex line is reversed. Furthermore, the three-dimensional dynamics of this monopole defect is studied after the magnetic field pinning the monopole is removed and the emergence of antimonopoles is observed. Our scheme is realizable with the current experimental facilities.

Ruokokoski, E. [Department of Applied Physics/COMP, Aalto University, P.O. Box 14100, FI-00076 AALTO (Finland); Pietilae, V. [Physics Department, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Moettoenen, M. [Department of Applied Physics/COMP, Aalto University, P.O. Box 14100, FI-00076 AALTO (Finland); Low Temperature Laboratory, Aalto University, P.O. Box 13500, FI-00076 AALTO (Finland)

2011-12-15

471

The nuclear equation of state  

SciTech Connect

The role of the nuclear equation of state in determining the fate of the collapsing cores of massive stars is examined in light of both recent theoretical advances in this subject and recent experimental measurements with relativistic heavy ions. The difficulties existing in attempts to bring the softer nuclear matter apparently required by the theory of Type II supernovae into consonance with the heavy ion data are discussed. Relativistic mean field theory is introduced as a candidate for derivation of the equation of state, and a simple form for the saturation compressibility is obtained. 28 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Kahana, S.

1986-01-01

472

Optically excited states in positronium  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Optical excitation are reported of the 1 3S-2 3P transition in positronium, and a second excitation from n=2 to higher n states. The experiment used light from two pulsed dye lasers. Changes in the positronium annihilation rate during and after the laser pulse were used to deduce the excited state populations. The n=2 level was found to be saturable and excitable to a substantial fraction of n=2 positronium to higher levels. Preliminary spectroscopic measurements were performed on n=14 and n=15 positronium.

Howell, R. H.; Ziock, Klaus P.; Magnotta, F.; Dermer, Charles D.; Failor, R. A.; Jones, K. M.

1990-01-01

473

Tensor representation of spin states  

E-print Network

We propose a generalisation of the Bloch sphere representation for mixed spin states based on covariant matrices introduced by Weinberg in 1964 in the context of quantum field theory. We show that these matrices form a tight frame, enabling a compact and transparent representation of density matrices of arbitrary spin in terms of tensors that share the most important properties of Bloch vectors. We investigate the properties of this representation, and give various applications, notably a novel characterization of anti-coherent spin states.

O. Giraud; D. Braun; D. Baguette; T. Bastin; J. Martin

2014-09-03

474

United States Advanced Battery Consortium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) is a collaboration between DaimlerChrysler Corporation, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Corporation and is part of the United States Council for Automotive Research (USCAR). USABC conducts research and development of advanced energy systems with applications for electric vehicles. The website reviews the goals for the battery systems under investigation, provides information on submitting proposals for research funding, and posts manuals on USABC Abuse Test Procedures, Electric Vehicle Battery Test Procedures, the FreedomCAR Power Assist Battery, and 42 Volt Battery Test procedures. Related Links offer additional information on projects such as the Electrochemical Energy Storage Tech Team and the 42 Volt Working Group.

475

Tantalum equation of state package  

SciTech Connect

We provide here the tantalum equation of state (EOS) over broad ranges of temperature and pressure (up to 49,900 K and 9.6 Mbar). This EOS was developed by the quotidian equation of state methodology, which is a robust EOS model providing EOS tables for high pressure hydrodynamic simulations. The included tables span densities 5-33.4 g/cc with 51 entries and temperatures 116-49,900 K with 50 entries. There are 16 quantities as a function of that density-temperature grid, which are provided in this EOS package and are listed in the Appendix (Table I).

Young, D A; Orlikowski, D

2008-12-04

476

Solid-state lithium battery  

DOEpatents

The present invention is directed to a higher power, thin film lithium-ion electrolyte on a metallic substrate, enabling mass-produced solid-state lithium batteries. High-temperature thermodynamic equilibrium processing enables co-firing of oxides and base metals, providing a means to integrate the crystalline, lithium-stable, fast lithium-ion conductor lanthanum lithium tantalate (La.sub.1/3-xLi.sub.3xTaO.sub.3) directly with a thin metal foil current collector appropriate for a lithium-free solid-state battery.

Ihlefeld, Jon; Clem, Paul G; Edney, Cynthia; Ingersoll, David; Nagasubramanian, Ganesan; Fenton, Kyle Ross

2014-11-04

477

Practical effects in cat state breeding  

E-print Network

A cat state is a superposition of macroscopically distinct states. In quantum optics one such type of state is a superposition of distinct coherent states. Recently, a protocol has been proposed for preparing large optical cat states from a resource of smaller ones. We consider the effects of mode-mismatch and loss in the preparation of large cat states using this protocol with a view to understand experimental limitations. (This paper is written in an experimental rapid communication format).

Peter P. Rohde; Austin P. Lund

2007-02-07

478

Locally inequivalent four-qubit hypergraph states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hypergraph states as real equally weighted pure states are important resources for quantum codes of non-local stabilizers. Using local Pauli equivalence and permutational symmetry, we reduce the 32 768 four-qubit real equally weighted pure states to 28 locally inequivalent hypergraph states and several graph states. The calculation of geometric entanglement supplemented with entanglement entropy confirms that further reduction is impossible for true hypergraph states.

Chen, Xiao-yu; Wang, Lei

2014-10-01

479

Unambiguous discrimination between two unknown qudit states  

E-print Network

We consider the unambiguous discrimination between two unknown qudit states in $n$-dimensional ($n\\geqslant2$) Hilbert space. By equivalence of unknown pure states to known mixed states and with the Jordan-basis method, we demonstrate that the optimal success probability of the discrimination between two unknown states is independent of the dimension $n$. We also give a scheme for a physical implementation of the programmable state discriminator that unambiguously discriminate between two unknown states with optimal probability of success.

Tao Zhou

2011-05-16

480

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2010-10-01

481

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2013-10-01

482

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2014-10-01

483

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2011-10-01

484

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2012-10-01

485

NAFTA's Positive Impact on the United States: A State-by-State Breakdown  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"NAFTA's Positive Impact on the United States: A State-by-State Breakdown," by John Sweeney of the Heritage Foundation, attempts to examine the gains to individual states from NAFTA and concludes that most states have benefited. Recently, the debate over free trade has intensified in light of the failure of President Clinton to obtain fast-track authority from Congress. On September 17, 1997, President Clinton went against the liberals in his own party to request fast-track authority from Congress to negotiate new trade accords. The Senate approved the President's request for fast track on November 5, 1997 but the vote in the House was shelved when it appeared likely that fast-track would be defeated. The opponents of free-trade consist mainly of trade unions who are worried about the loss of jobs to countries with cheap labor, and environmentalists concerned about the effect of free trade on environmental standards. The supporters of free-trade are mainly businesses who see business potential in the larger market that would be created by expanding free trade.

Sweeney, John.

1997-01-01

486

Operational Approach to Generalized Coherent States  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Generalized coherent states for general potentials, constructed through a controlling mechanism, can also be obtained applying on a reference state suitable operators. An explicit example is supplied.

DeMartino, Salvatore; DeSiena, Silvio

1996-01-01

487

7 CFR 1280.123 - State.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAMB PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Lamb Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1280.123 State. State...

2010-01-01

488

Nondestructive identification of the Bell diagonal state  

E-print Network

We propose a scheme for identifying an unknown Bell diagonal state. In our scheme the measurements are performed on the probe qubits instead of the Bell diagonal state. The distinguished advantage is that the quantum state of the evolved Bell diagonal state ensemble plus probe states will still collapse on the original Bell diagonal state ensemble after the measurement on probe states, i.e. our identification is quantum-state nondestructive. It is also shown finally how to realize our scheme in the framework of cavity electrodynamics.

Jia-sen Jin; Chang-shui Yu; He-shan Song

2011-11-17

489

Nondestructive identification of the Bell diagonal state  

E-print Network

We propose a scheme for identifying an unknown Bell diagonal state. In our scheme the measurements are performed on the probe qubits instead of the Bell diagonal state. The distinguished advantage is that the quantum state of the evolved Bell diagonal state ensemble plus probe states will still collapse on the original Bell diagonal state ensemble after the measurement on probe states, i.e. our identification is quantum-state nondestructive. It is also shown finally how to realize our scheme in the framework of cavity electrodynamics.

Jin, Jia-sen; Song, He-shan; 10.1103/PhysRevA.83.032109

2011-01-01

490

Nondestructive identification of the Bell diagonal state  

SciTech Connect

We propose a scheme for identifying an unknown Bell diagonal state. In our scheme the measurements are performed on the probe qubits instead of the Bell diagonal state. The distinct advantage is that the quantum state of the evolved Bell diagonal state ensemble plus probe states will still collapse on the original Bell diagonal state ensemble after the measurement on probe states; i.e., our identification is quantum state nondestructive. How to realize our scheme in the framework of cavity electrodynamics is also shown.

Jin Jiasen; Yu Changshui; Song Heshan [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

2011-03-15

491

Fault-Tolerant Coding for State Machines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two reliable fault-tolerant coding schemes have been proposed for state machines that are used in field-programmable gate arrays and application-specific integrated circuits to implement sequential logic functions. The schemes apply to strings of bits in state registers, which are typically implemented in practice as assemblies of flip-flop circuits. If a single-event upset (SEU, a radiation-induced change in the bit in one flip-flop) occurs in a state register, the state machine that contains the register could go into an erroneous state or could hang, by which is meant that the machine could remain in undefined states indefinitely. The proposed fault-tolerant coding schemes are intended to prevent the state machine from going into an erroneous or hang state when an SEU occurs. To ensure reliability of the state machine, the coding scheme for bits in the state register must satisfy the following criteria: 1. All possible states are defined. 2. An SEU brings the state machine to a known state. 3. There is no possibility of a hang state. 4. No false state is entered. 5. An SEU exerts no effect on the state machine. Fault-tolerant coding schemes that have been commonly used include binary encoding and "one-hot" encoding. Binary encoding is the simplest state machine encoding and satisfies criteria 1 through 3 if all possible states are defined. Binary encoding is a binary count of the state machine number in sequence; the table represents an eight-state example. In one-hot encoding, N bits are used to represent N states: All except one of the bits in a string are 0, and the position of the 1 in the string represents the state. With proper circuit design, one-hot encoding can satisfy criteria 1 through 4. Unfortunately, the requirement to use N bits to represent N states makes one-hot coding inefficient.

Naegle, Stephanie Taft; Burke, Gary; Newell, Michael

2008-01-01

492

STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL ADDITIONS  

E-print Network

STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL ADDITIONS CEC- CF-1R ADD (Revised 03/10) CALIFORNIA ENERGY in the Standard Column. To meet "Pkg D" minimum energy compliance requirements, see RCM Appendix B, Table 151-C Allowed Fenestration Areas" Page 3 of 5 For West-Facing Orientation2,3 ft2 Radiant Barrier N/A Pkg D Table

493

SALT steady state systems code  

Microsoft Academic Search

A steady state system code has been developed at ANL and has been used to analyze or evaluate the following technologies: open cycle magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), liquid metal MHD, fuel cells, combined cycle coal gasification plants, pulverized coal fired power plants with flue gas desulfurization, pressurized and atmospheric fluidized bed combustion plants, municipal solid waste disposal systems, geothermal systems, fusion reactor

G. Berry; H. Geyer

1983-01-01

494

Stabilizer state breeding Erik Hostens,  

E-print Network

#12;#12;Stabilizer state breeding Erik Hostens, Jeroen Dehaene, and Bart De Moor ESAT-SCD, K.U.Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium We present a breeding protocol that distills pure copies to asymptotic (hashing/breeding) [12­17] versus recurrence-like schemes [13­24], to whether they take noise

495

RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS State of fusion  

E-print Network

RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS State of fusion In the 1950s,the promise of controlled nuclear fusion, although there is still some way to go to realize the dream,the latest status report on fusion research compiled by the International Fusion Research Council (Nucl. Fusion 45,A1­A28; 2005) provides good reason

Loss, Daniel

496

Accreditation in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accreditation is a process of external quality review created and used by higher education to scrutinize colleges, universities, and programs for quality assurance and quality improvement. Accreditation in the United States is more than a hundred years old, emerging from concerns to protect public health and safety and to serve the public…

Eaton, Judith S.

2009-01-01

497

The State of the Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Blackwell Companion and Blackwell Guide to the philosophy of education, edited respectively by Randall Curren and by Nigel Blake, Paul Smeyers, Richard Smith and Paul Standish, are potentially field-defining volumes. The present essay moves back and forth between the two books to assess the overall impression they provide of the "state of the…

Corngold, Josh; Katz, Rebecca M.; Newman, Anne; Phillips, D. C.

2005-01-01

498

Finiteness of steady state plumes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The finite maximum length of a steady state contaminant plume is determined by developing and employing a new analytical solution which overcomes two drawbacks associated with existing approaches. First, we account for a sharp front caused by the complete consumption of the pollutant (“electron donor”) and some electron acceptor in an instantaneous binary reaction occurring at the front. This approach

Rudolf Liedl; Albert J. Valocchi; Peter Dietrich; Peter Grathwohl

2005-01-01

499

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY HUMAN RESOURCES  

E-print Network

MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY HUMAN RESOURCES EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM APPLICATION (Also used Application, with department authorization, to Human Resources 30 days prior to Fees and Scholarships to the employee, within 15 days of Human Resource's receipt of the application, indicating if the course

500

Vortex States in Unconventional Superconductors  

Microsoft Academic Search

While there has long been an intense interest in unconventional superconductivity, some of the elementary aspects of their behavior are still relatively unexplored. One of these is the nature of the equilibrium superconducting states in a magnetic field. In this thesis we investigate these properties in the context of Ginzburg-Landau theory for a simple generalization of the conventional case, in

Taku Andrew Tokuyasu

1990-01-01