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1

The Allama Iqbal Open University Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This profile of an open university library system in Pakistan covers its primary objective; functional organization; library collection and collection development; staffing, budgets and expenditures; library services (users, technical, reference); departmental libraries (on-campus branch, regional); and the library building. A list of 16 library…

Ul-Hassan, Mahmud

1984-01-01

2

Teachers Training through Distance Mode in Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) Pakistan: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) is the first Open University in Asia and established in 1974 on the model of UKOU. AIOU uses different media for the delivery of instruction. It has a well established Institute of Educational Technology which has radio and TV production facilities and advance level of work in computer technology. AOU offers…

Jumani, Nabi Bux; Rahman, Fazalur; Chishti, Saeedul Hasan; Malik, Samina

2011-01-01

3

Libraries' Services at Distance: A Survey of Allama Iqbal Open University Tutors in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was conducted to determine the satisfaction level of distance education tutors with the location and physical setup, collection, resources and services being offered at thirty-four regional campuses and centers' libraries network of Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) in Pakistan including Azad Jummu and Kashmir territory. A semi…

Arif, Muhammad; Mahmood, Khalid

2009-01-01

4

Correlation between Marks Obtained By Students in Assignments and Final Examination of Master of Education Conducted by Allama Iqbal Open University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main objective of the research was to find out the correlation between the marks obtained by the students of Allama Iqbal Open University in assignments and final examination of M.A (Education) M.Ed in Autumn 2006. For this purpose, the result gazette of M.A (Education) M.Ed was obtained from the regional campus of Allama Iqbal Open

Aslam, Muhammed; Ahmed, Aijaz; Malik, Ashraf, Muhammad

2007-01-01

5

A Comparative Study of Student Support Services of Allama Iqbal Open University and the Open University of Sri Lanka  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to compare the availability, quality, similarities and differences in student support services offered by the Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) Pakistan and The Open University of Sri Lanka (OUSL). It also aims to identify and report the deficiencies that students of both the institutions face in the student support services.…

Gujjar, Aijaz Ahmed; Chaudhry, Bushra Naoreen; Chaudhry, Amtul Hafeez

2009-01-01

6

Use of Libraries in Open and Distance Learning System: Barriers to the Use of AIOU Libraries by Tutors and Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the library needs of students and tutors of Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU), utilization level of the library facilities and resources, the problems in the use of library, and suggestions for improvement of library facilities for students and tutors. Data collected from 4080 students and 526 tutors belonging to 15 different…

Bhatti, Abdul Jabbar; Jumani, Nabi Bux

2012-01-01

7

A Critical Analysis of Managerial Skills Competencies of Secondary School Heads Trained through Distance Mode of Allama Iqbal Open University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The premise of this article is to analyze the managerial skills competencies of secondary schools heads trained through distance mode of education in Pakistan. For this purpose a sample 300 secondary school teachers and 100 secondary schools head-teachers trained through distance mode and working in the Federal Government Educational Institutions…

Akhlaq, Muhammad; Sulehri, Shazia Munawar

2010-01-01

8

Effectiveness of M.A. EPM Program Launched Through Distance Education System of Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study focus the effectiveness of the M.A EPM program launched through distance education system of AIOU. For this purpose the performance of heads of educational institutions with and without M.A EPM degree was analyzed keeping in view different major aspects i.e. planning strategies, managerial approaches, coordination, administration and use…

Hussain Shah, Syed Manzoor; Ahmad, Masoor

2014-01-01

9

Comparative Study of Student Support Services of AIOU and UKOU  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to compare the availability, quality, similarities and differences of student support services in Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) and United Kingdom Open University (UKOU) and also to identify and enlist the deficiencies that AIOU students are facing in the student support services. The study found out that student support…

Choudhry, Amtul Hafeez; Gujjar, Aijaz Ahmed; Hafeez, Muhammad Rashid

2008-01-01

10

A Critical Review of Instructional Design Process of Distance Learning System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional design refers to planning, development, delivery and evaluation of instructional system. It is an applied field of study aiming at the application of descriptive research outcomes in regular instructional settings. The present study was designed to critically review the process of instructional design at Allama Iqbal Open University…

Chaudry, Muhammad Ajmal; ur-Rahman, Fazal

2010-01-01

11

Information Seeking Behaviour of AIOU Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this research study is to investigate the information-seeking behavior of Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) administrators in Pakistan. Information is obtained by using a wide variety of informal and formal sources, human sources, Internet as well as print media. The present study found that AIOU administrators are more…

Mahmood, Malik Tariq

2005-01-01

12

Preparing Future Teachers through Distance Learning: An Empirical Study on Students' Perception of Teacher Education Program Provided by AIOU Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study was to analyse the pre service teachers training programs for the distance learners of Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) Islamabad, Pakistan. This kind of training is provided to the future teachers enrolled to acquire pre service training to become a teacher in a Government educational institution in Pakistan.…

Nadeem, Mohammed; Ali, Akhtar; Maqbool, Saira

2013-01-01

13

75 FR 38835 - Solicitation of Nominations for the United States Department of Labor's Iqbal Masih Award for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...presented by Secretary Hilda Solis, United States Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20210: 1. Subject: The United States Department of Labor's Iqbal Masih Award for the...

2010-07-06

14

76 FR 48902 - Solicitation of Nominations for the United States Department of Labor's Iqbal Masih Award for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Labor.'' Iqbal Masih was a Pakistani carpet weaver sold into slavery at age four. He escaped from his servitude at age 12 and became an outspoken advocate against child slavery. He told the world of his plight when he received the Reebok...

2011-08-09

15

Open. Closed. Open  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a window into the subject, we recount some of the his- tory (and geography) of two mature, challenging, partially open, partially closed problems in the theory of rewriting (numbers 13 and 21 from the original RTA List of Open Problems). One problem deals with (criteria for left-linear) confluence and the other with termination (of one linear or string rule),

Nachum Dershowitz

2005-01-01

16

Muhammad Faisal Iqbal mfiqbal@mail.utexas.edu  

E-print Network

model for a multiformat video encoder in C++ · Teaching Assistant for Digital Logic Design (UT, Austin. Programs were compared using micro-architecture independent features and statistical techniques like

Iqbal, Muhammad Faisal

17

Mining Criminal Networks from Chat Log Farkhund Iqbal  

E-print Network

, cyber predation, cyber threatening, blackmail, and drug trafficking. One way to fight cybercrime-life investigation, we closely collaborate with the cybercrime unit of a law enforcement agency in Canada. Both

Fung, Benjamin C. M.

18

The Open University Opens.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conceived by the British Labor Government in the 1960's the Open University was viewed as a way to extend higher education to Britain's working class, but enrollment figures in classes that represent traditional academic disciplines show that the student population is predominantly middle class. Bringing education into the home presents numerous…

Tunstall, Jeremy, Ed.

19

Open Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder…

Suber, Peter

2012-01-01

20

Opening Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spurred by the publication of Massachusetts Institute of Technology OpenCourseWare in 2002, the open educational resources (OER) movement, which has rapidly expanded and captured the imagination and energy of millions of creators and users throughout the world, now faces many opportunities and substantial challenges as it moves to become an integral part of the world's educational environment. The confluence of

Marshall S. Smith

2009-01-01

21

Open City  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you interested in improving civic culture and knowledge with apps? If so, you will be delighted to learn about the Open City site. The Open City folks are a group of programmers, citizen activists, and policy types that create apps with open data in order "to improve transparency and understanding of our government." Chicagoans can stop by the Merchandise Mart to meet up and work with Open City in person. Everyone else can check out the Projects page to view apps like "Chicago Councilmatic," "How's Business?" and "Crime in Chicago." Each of these apps takes open source data from the city of Chicago and other organizations to create tools designed to help decision makers, journalists, and scholars with their various projects. The site also contains information about the people behind the organization and press releases about their work.

22

Open minds. Open doors.TM  

E-print Network

Open minds. Open doors.TM John Parmigiani, Director of Industrial Research School of Mechanical for students and faculty John Parmigiani October 17, 2013 #12;Open minds. Open doors.TM John Parmigiani Partnering The Process #12;Open minds. Open doors.TM John Parmigiani, Director of Industrial Research School

Escher, Christine

23

OpenER, a Dutch Initiative in Open Educational Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the period 2006-2008, the Dutch Open Universiteit Nederland conducted an experiment in which Open Educational Resources (OER) were offered in an effort to bridge the gap between informal and formal learning and to establish a new style of entry portal to higher education with no barriers at all. OpenER received considerable attention both in…

Schuwer, Robert; Mulder, Fred

2009-01-01

24

Opening Remarks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In these opening remarks to a symposium reflecting on forty years of U.S. Human Spaceflight, NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin, reviews the impact that Alan Shepard had on him personally, to NASA, and to the whole idea of manned spaceflight. Mr Goldin cites Shepard as an example of the past and future of manned spaceflight.

Goldin, Daniel S.

2005-01-01

25

Open Standards, Open Source, and Open Innovation: Harnessing the Benefits of Openness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Digitization of information and the Internet have profoundly expanded the capacity for openness. This report details the benefits of openness in three areas--open standards, open-source software, and open innovation--and examines the major issues in the debate over whether openness should be encouraged or not. The report explains each of these…

Committee for Economic Development, 2006

2006-01-01

26

OPEN Study  

Cancer.gov

Over the course of the study, OPEN participants completed 2 Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ), 2 24-recall interviews, and filled out several other health-related questionnaires. They were dosed with doubly labeled water (a biomarker used for measuring energy expenditure), provided several spot urine samples to complete the doubly labeled water assessment, completed two 24-hour urine collections and had their height and weight measured.

27

Open University  

ScienceCinema

Michel Pentz est née en Afrique du Sud et venu au Cern en 1957 comme physicien et président de l'associaion du personnel. Il est également fondateur du mouvement Antiapartheid de Genève et a participé à la fondation de l'Open University en Grande-Bretagne. Il nous parle des contextes pédagogiques, culturels et nationaux dans lesquels la méthode peut s'appliquer.

None

2011-04-25

28

Open Spaces  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Featuring articles by leading experts on topics from science policy to ecology (such as Bruce Babbitt and Jane Lubchenko), this new publication from Portland, Oregon attempts to incorporate synthetic, broad perspectives with a host of (familiar) environmental topics. A subscription fee is required to access all articles at the Open Spaces Website, but several interesting sample articles are currently posted for free online viewing. Science writers and scientists interested in widening their perspectives will find this an intriguing resource.

29

7803/7804 -Project Review Meeting Schedule Supervisor Client Students  

E-print Network

Tariq Iqbal Tariq Iqbal Brad Smith, Ian Anderson, Alex Haye Wednesday, July 29 2:30pm-3:00pm Design a tracking system for a parabolic mirror to always reflect sun light into a house Tariq Iqbal Tariq Iqbal for Newfoundland: Resource potential and sites identification Tariq Iqbal Tariq Iqbal Darrin Marshall, Konark

Peters, Dennis

30

Openness, Web 2.0 Technology, and Open Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open science is a term that is being used in the literature to designate a form of science based on open source models or that utilizes principles of open access, open archiving and open publishing to promote scientific communication. Open science increasingly also refers to open governance and more democratized engagement and control of science…

Peters, Michael A.

2010-01-01

31

OpenGL  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

OpenGL is an up-to-date source for this software interface for creating 2D and 3D graphics developed by Silicon Graphics and governed by the Architecture Review Board. The site includes OpenGL documentation, industry news, sample source code, and links to OpenGL tools. The information provided is extremely helpful to graphics programmers involved in or experimenting with OpenGL programming and also to end users looking for OpenGL applications or hardware.

32

Open Office Tutorial Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Links to tutorials using Open Office. Using Open Office Tutorials - You may want to use a pair of headphones so you can listen as well as watch. Open Office Tutorial - Formating your Page - format margins, indents, double spacing, and work cited on its own page. Open Office Tutorial - Works Cited Page - shows how to do the hanging indent Open Office Tutorial - Headers, page numbering, and saving - shows how to insert ...

Schultz, Ms.

2013-09-11

33

Opening Address  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ladies and Gentlemen, it is my great honor and pleasure to present an opening address of the 3rd International Workshop on "State of the Art in Nuclear Cluster Physics"(SOTANCP3). On the behalf of the organizing committee, I certainly welcome all your visits to KGU Kannai Media Center belonging to Kanto Gakuin University, and stay in Yokohama. In particular, to whom come from abroad more than 17 countries, I would appreciate your participations after long long trips from your homeland to Yokohama. The first international workshop on "State of the Art in Nuclear Cluster Physics", called SOTANCP, was held in Strasbourg, France, in 2008, and the second one was held in Brussels, Belgium, in 2010. Then the third workshop is now held in Yokohama. In this period, we had the traditional 10th cluster conference in Debrecen, Hungary, in 2012. Thus we have the traditional cluster conference and SOTANCP, one after another, every two years. This obviously shows our field of nuclear cluster physics is very active and flourishing. It is for the first time in about 10 years to hold the international workshop on nuclear cluster physics in Japan, because the last cluster conference held in Japan was in Nara in 2003, about 10 years ago. The president in Nara conference was Prof. K. Ikeda, and the chairpersons were Prof. H. Horiuchi and Prof. I. Tanihata. I think, quite a lot of persons in this room had participated at the Nara conference. Since then, about ten years passed. So, this workshop has profound significance for our Japanese colleagues. The subjects of this workshop are to discuss "the state of the art in nuclear cluster physics" and also discuss the prospect of this field. In a couple of years, we saw significant progresses of this field both in theory and in experiment, which have brought better and new understandings on the clustering aspects in stable and unstable nuclei. I think, the concept of clustering has been more important than ever. This is true also in the related fields such as nuclear astrophysics, hypernuclear physics, hadron physics, and condensate matter physics so on. In fact, in this workshop, we also discuss the clustering aspects in the related fields. Thus, I expect in this workshop we can grasp the present status of the nuclear cluster physics and demonstrate its perspective in near future. This workshop is sponsored by several institutes and organizations. In particular, I would express our thanks for financial supports to Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, Center for Nuclear Study (CNS), University of Tokyo, Joint Institute for Computational Fundamental Science (JICFuS), and RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator- Based Science. They are cohosting this workshop. I would like also to appreciate my University, Kanto Gakuin University, who offers this nice place for one week and helps us to hold this workshop smoothly and conveniently. Today, the president of my University, Prof. Kuku, is here to present a welcome address. Thank you very much. Finally, with many of the participants leading this field both in theory and in experiment, we wish this workshop offers an opportunity to simulate communications not only during the workshop but also in the future. In addition, we hope you enjoy exploring city of Yokohama and the area around, as well as scientific discussions. Thank you very much for your attention.

Yamada, T.

2014-12-01

34

Confusion by All Means Muhammad Faisal Iqbal and Lizy K. John  

E-print Network

of the arguments made in this regard. According to Lilja [6] arithmetic mean is proportional to execution time for rate based metrics and weighted arithmetic or harmonic mean should be used for time and rate based] argues that weighted arithmetic or har- monic mean can be used to correctly represent performance. She

John, Lizy Kurian

35

Confusion by All Means Muhammad Faisal Iqbal and Lizy K. John  

E-print Network

of the arguments made in this regard. According to Lilja [8] arithmetic mean is proportional to execution time should be used for rate based metrics and weighted arithmetic or harmonic mean should be used for time of whether they are normalized. Similarly, John [7] argues that weighted arithmetic or har- monic mean can

John, Lizy Kurian

36

National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis Prepared by: Muhammad Iqbal Sial PhD  

E-print Network

.1. Woodfuel consumption 1 1.2. Woodfuel production 1 1.3. Woodfuel import and export 2 1.4. Charcoal 2 1 Development Project 27 9.4 Aga Khan Rural Support Programme 28 9.5 Watershed Planning and Management Project.8 Forestry Planning and Development Project 30 9.9 NWFP Forestry Sector Project 31 9.10 Environmental

37

The Open University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes Governors State University, an open university responding to the needs of junior/community college graduates and others working towards a baccalaureate and master's degree. Emphasis is placed on the concept of the open university, planning of the open university, who are the students and how they influence the planning…

Braybrook, Susan

38

Openness as infrastructure  

PubMed Central

The advent of open access to peer reviewed scholarly literature in the biomedical sciences creates the opening to examine scholarship in general, and chemistry in particular, to see where and how novel forms of network technology can accelerate the scientific method. This paper examines broad trends in information access and openness with an eye towards their applications in chemistry. PMID:21999327

2011-01-01

39

In Brief: Open government  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

U.S. President Barack Obama's Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government requires federal agencies to take steps toward increased transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Agencies are accepting suggestions until 19 March 2010. For more information, visit http://www.whitehouse.gov/open and http://www.usa.gov/webcontent/open/tool_poc.shtml.

Showstack, Randy

2010-03-01

40

OpenLDAP Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, provided by the nonprofit OpenLDAP Foundation and its corporate sponsor, Net Boolean, Inc., hosts information and source code for OpenLDAP, an "open source" implementation of the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). The OpenLDAP project aims to provide a commercial-grade, full-featured suite of LDAP applications and development tools using the open source model. That is, the project relies on volunteers to provide code and documentation. The site contains the downloadable source code for version 1.0.1 of OpenLDAP, which is based on code from the University of Michigan and runs on a number of Unix platforms; information on how to participate in the project; links to general LDAP information; and instructions on how to subscribe to various mailing lists about the project.

41

OpenVera  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

OpenVera is a hardware verification language intended to make modeling and testing of complex systems more efficient. It is part of an open source initiative, headed by the integrated circuit design company Synopsys, that will benefit many industries where time to market is a critical factor. This is the home page for OpenVera, and it contains a wealth of information about the standard and its development. Many technical papers are offered, but a brief, free registration is required to access the specification and language reference manual. The latest version of OpenVera was released in April 2002.

2001-01-01

42

Open Development: Is the "Open Source" Analogy Relevant to Biotechnology?  

E-print Network

Open Development: Is the "Open Source" Analogy Relevant to Biotechnology? Alan G. Isaac & Walter G to Commercialize Crowding out of Proprietary Innovation Capital Intensity of Biotechnology Regulatory Approval

Lansky, Joshua

43

Open Babel: An open chemical toolbox  

PubMed Central

Background A frequent problem in computational modeling is the interconversion of chemical structures between different formats. While standard interchange formats exist (for example, Chemical Markup Language) and de facto standards have arisen (for example, SMILES format), the need to interconvert formats is a continuing problem due to the multitude of different application areas for chemistry data, differences in the data stored by different formats (0D versus 3D, for example), and competition between software along with a lack of vendor-neutral formats. Results We discuss, for the first time, Open Babel, an open-source chemical toolbox that speaks the many languages of chemical data. Open Babel version 2.3 interconverts over 110 formats. The need to represent such a wide variety of chemical and molecular data requires a library that implements a wide range of cheminformatics algorithms, from partial charge assignment and aromaticity detection, to bond order perception and canonicalization. We detail the implementation of Open Babel, describe key advances in the 2.3 release, and outline a variety of uses both in terms of software products and scientific research, including applications far beyond simple format interconversion. Conclusions Open Babel presents a solution to the proliferation of multiple chemical file formats. In addition, it provides a variety of useful utilities from conformer searching and 2D depiction, to filtering, batch conversion, and substructure and similarity searching. For developers, it can be used as a programming library to handle chemical data in areas such as organic chemistry, drug design, materials science, and computational chemistry. It is freely available under an open-source license from http://openbabel.org. PMID:21982300

2011-01-01

44

Opening up Education: The Collective Advancement of Education through Open Technology, Open Content, and Open Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the abundance of open education initiatives that aim to make educational assets freely available online, the time seems ripe to explore the potential of open education to transform the economics and ecology of education. Despite the diversity of tools and resources already available--from well-packaged course materials to simple games, for…

Iiyoshi, Toru, Ed.; Kumar, M. S. Vijay, Ed.

2008-01-01

45

Open Source Vision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, colleges and universities are turning to open source as a way to meet their technology infrastructure and application needs. Open source has changed life for visionary CIOs and their campus communities nationwide. The author discusses what these technologists see as the benefits--and the considerations.

Villano, Matt

2006-01-01

46

Creating Open Source Conversation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Darien Library, where the author serves as head of knowledge and learning services, launched a new website on September 1, 2008. The website is built with Drupal, an open source content management system (CMS). In this article, the author describes how she and her colleagues overhauled the library's website to provide an open source content…

Sheehan, Kate

2009-01-01

47

Aortic valve surgery - open  

MedlinePLUS

... connects the heart and aorta. The aortic valve opens so blood can flow out. It then closes to keep blood from ... called aortic regurgitation. Your aortic valve does not open fully so blood flow through it is reduced. This is called aortic ...

48

Mitral valve surgery - open  

MedlinePLUS

... these is the mitral valve. The mitral valve opens so blood can flow from the left atria to the left ventricle. ... mitral regurgitation . A mitral valve that does not open fully will restrict blood flow. This is called mitral stenosis . A valve defect ...

49

Triggered plasma opening switch  

DOEpatents

A triggerable opening switch for a very high voltage and current pulse includes a transmission line extending from a source to a load and having an intermediate switch section including a plasma for conducting electrons between transmission line conductors and a magnetic field for breaking the plasma conduction path and magnetically insulating the electrons when it is desired to open the switch.

Mendel, Clifford W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01

50

Open Rotor Aeroacoustic Modelling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Owing to their inherent fuel efficiency, there is renewed interest in developing open rotor propulsion systems that are both efficient and quiet. The major contributor to the overall noise of an open rotor system is the propulsor noise, which is produced as a result of the interaction of the airstream with the counter-rotating blades. As such, robust aeroacoustic prediction methods are an essential ingredient in any approach to designing low-noise open rotor systems. To that end, an effort has been underway at NASA to assess current open rotor noise prediction tools and develop new capabilities. Under this effort, high-fidelity aerodynamic simulations of a benchmark open rotor blade set were carried out and used to make noise predictions via existing NASA open rotor noise prediction codes. The results have been compared with the aerodynamic and acoustic data that were acquired for this benchmark open rotor blade set. The emphasis of this paper is on providing a summary of recent results from a NASA Glenn effort to validate an in-house open noise prediction code called LINPROP which is based on a high-blade-count asymptotic approximation to the Ffowcs-Williams Hawkings Equation. The results suggest that while predicting the absolute levels may be difficult, the noise trends are reasonably well predicted by this approach.

Envia, Edmane

2012-01-01

51

Demystifying Open Access  

SciTech Connect

The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready for a further push to Open Access while retaining all the advantages of the peer-review system and, at the same time, bring the spiralling cost of journal subscriptions under control. I will present a possible plan for the conversion to Open Access of HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP authors. The current system in which journals income comes from subscription fees is replaced with a scheme where SCOAP3 compensates publishers for the costs incurred to organise the peer-review service and give Open Access to the final version of articles. SCOAP3 will be funded by all countries active in HEP under a "fair share" scenario, according to their production of HEP articles. In this talk I will present a short overview of the history of Open Access in HEP, the details of the SCOAP3 model and the outlook for its implementation.

Salvatore Mele

2007-05-14

52

Demystifying Open Access  

SciTech Connect

The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready for a further push to Open Access while retaining all the advantages of the peer-review system and, at the same time, bring the spiralling cost of journal subscriptions under control. I will present a possible plan for the conversion to Open Access of HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP authors. The current system in which journals income comes from subscription fees is replaced with a scheme where SCOAP3 compensates publishers for the costs incurred to organise the peer-review service and give Open Access to the final version of articles. SCOAP3 will be funded by all countries active in HEP under a 'fair share' scenario, according to their production of HEP articles. In this talk I will present a short overview of the history of Open Access in HEP, the details of the SCOAP3 model and the outlook for its implementation.

Mele, Salvatore

2007-05-14

53

Open Rotor Aeroacoustic Modeling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Owing to their inherent fuel efficiency, there is renewed interest in developing open rotor propulsion systems that are both efficient and quiet. The major contributor to the overall noise of an open rotor system is the propulsor noise, which is produced as a result of the interaction of the airstream with the counter-rotating blades. As such, robust aeroacoustic prediction methods are an essential ingredient in any approach to designing low-noise open rotor systems. To that end, an effort has been underway at NASA to assess current open rotor noise prediction tools and develop new capabilities. Under this effort, high-fidelity aerodynamic simulations of a benchmark open rotor blade set were carried out and used to make noise predictions via existing NASA open rotor noise prediction codes. The results have been compared with the aerodynamic and acoustic data that were acquired for this benchmark open rotor blade set. The emphasis of this paper is on providing a summary of recent results from a NASA Glenn effort to validate an in-house open noise prediction code called LINPROP which is based on a high-blade-count asymptotic approximation to the Ffowcs-Williams Hawkings Equation. The results suggest that while predicting the absolute levels may be difficult, the noise trends are reasonably well predicted by this approach.

Envia, Edmane

2012-01-01

54

Opening Up Access to Open Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the corpus of gray literature grows and the price of serials rises, it becomes increasingly important to explore ways to integrate the free and open Web seamlessly into one's collections. Users, after all, are discovering these materials all the time via sites such as Google Scholar and Scirus or by searching arXiv.org or CiteSeer directly.…

Singer, Ross

2008-01-01

55

Demystifying Open Access  

SciTech Connect

The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready for a further push to Open Access which retains all the advantages of the peer-review system and, at the same time, brings the spiraling cost of journal subscriptions under control. I will present a possible plan for the conversion to Open Access of HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP authors. In this talk I will present a short overview of the history of Open Access in HEP, the details of the SCOAP3 model and the outlook for its implementation.

Mele, Salvatore (CERN) [CERN

2007-05-30

56

Open Energy Info (OpenEI) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The Open Energy Information (OpenEI.org) initiative is a free, open-source, knowledge-sharing platform. OpenEI was created to provide access to data, models, tools, and information that accelerate the transition to clean energy systems through informed decisions.

Not Available

2010-12-01

57

Implementing 'Big Open Data' in government through Open Collaboration  

E-print Network

1 Implementing 'Big Open Data' in government through Open Collaboration - case examples@mitre.org> Ken Baclawski Presented at the Joint DATA.GOV - ONTOLOG "Big Open Data" Session 17-May-2012 ( v1.02 ) #12;2ppy/lo/md/kb/Leveraging-OOR-in BigOpenData_May-2012 Presentation Outline

Baclawski, Kenneth B.

58

Energizers as Group Openers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The opening session of a group presents special problems for the group leader. Focuses on structured activities which can serve to reduce these early negative reactions and promote feelings of security, identity, and belongingness in the group members. (Author)

Kassera, Mary; Kassera, Wayne

1979-01-01

59

Open cycle thermoacoustics  

SciTech Connect

A new type of thermodynamic device combining a thermodynamic cycle with the externally applied steady flow of an open thermodynamic process is discussed and experimentally demonstrated. The gas flowing through this device can be heated or cooled in a series of semi-open cyclic steps. The combination of open and cyclic flows makes possible the elimination of some or all of the heat exchangers (with their associated irreversibility). Heat is directly exchanged with the process fluid as it flows through the device when operating as a refrigerator, producing a staging effect that tends to increase First Law thermodynamic efficiency. An open-flow thermoacoustic refrigerator was built to demonstrate this concept. Several approaches are presented that describe the physical characteristics of this device. Tests have been conducted on this refrigerator with good agreement with a proposed theory.

Reid, Robert Stowers

2000-01-01

60

Grand Opening Celebration  

E-print Network

Exercise physiology lab with DEXA machine Specimen processing room and phlebotomy stations Expert resources such as: clinical research nurses, nurse practitioner, clinical research coordinators, exerciseGrand Opening Celebration The UC Davis Clinical and Translational Science Center (CTSC) is proud

Leistikow, Bruce N.

61

Open source hardware  

E-print Network

Open source software development models have created some of the most innovative tools and companies in the industry today modifying the way value is created and businesses developed. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze ...

Acosta, Roberto, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01

62

Open Science Directory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Readers may have heard of the "digital divide", but what about the scientific "digital divide"? The Open Science Directory is attempting to bridge this gap by providing access to a wide range of journals to researchers in both developing and developed countries. Working with the support of EBSCO Information Services and Hasselt University Library, the Open Science Directory provides access to approximately 13000 scientific journals. The Directory includes collections of open access journals and also draws on a variety of other resources, including BioMed Central and PubMed Central. By clicking on the "Open Science Directory" tab, visitors will be redirected to the site's sophisticated search engine. Visitors can browse the list of titles alphabetically, topically, or also create their own detailed search across a number of fields.

63

Temporomandibular Joint, Open  

MedlinePLUS

... Internships for... High School and College Students Recent College Graduates Dental and Medical Students See All Careers & Training Opportunities Job Openings Loan Repayment Programs Careers in Dental Research See All Continuing Education ...

64

Demystifying Open Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready

Mele; Salvatore

2007-01-01

65

Open, Semi-Open and Closed Innovators: Towards an Explanation of Degree of Openness  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is much controversy in the literature over the relationship between the openness of firms' innovation strategies and firm characteristics such as size, R&D intensity and sector. We argue that the controversy arises because, both theoretically and empirically, only a binary, open vs. closed, strategy has been considered. In this paper, we distinguish among three firm strategies: open, semi-open and

Andrés Barge-Gil

2010-01-01

66

SFMOMA: Open Space  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are thousands of museums in the United States and many provide an interesting and useful blog on their website, including Open Space, from the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA). This blog is notable because it invites participation from the local San Francisco arts community. The staff at Open Space is using blogging because of its "somewhat rowdy virtual halls and environments" where it's possible to "connect what happens inside the museum to the life and vitality of the city and the art-loving public outside and around SFMOMA." Open Space is named after a Bay Area poetry magazine that appeared in 1965, which published only local writers' and artists' work exactly as submitted, without censorship. Columnists change periodically on the blog and current columnists include art journalist and web-media producer Joseph del Pesco; visual artist Duane Deterville; poet Cedar Sigo; artist Stephanie Syjuco; and author Michelle Tea.

67

Plasma erosion opening switch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The plasma erosion opening switch (PEOS) can conduct high current (approx. MA), open quickly ( 10 ns), and withstand high voltage (approx. MV). This switching technique has been used in inductive energy storage experiments and can be used with existing generators for pulse compression, voltage multiplication and power multiplication. The PEOS is used routinely for other types of power conditioning including prepulse suppression, pulse sharpening and multimodule jitter reduction. The PEOS work to data is reviewed. It reviews basic physics principles of the PEOS and outlines the operational limits of a system that employs a PEOS. Examples of present applications of the PEOS are also discussed.

Commisso, R. J.; Cooperstein, G.; Meger, R. A.; Neri, J. M.; Ottinger, P. F.; Weber, B. V.

1985-05-01

68

Reflection and open implementations  

E-print Network

We review the state-of-the-art of reflection and metaprogramming, prior to our work on partial behavioral reflection and Reflex, and open implementations. The first four sections are dedicated to reflection. Section 1 introduces the concept of reflection and its application to programming languages. Section 2 discusses reflection in the particular context of object-oriented programming languages. Then, since we are interested in addressing issues in the concrete applicability of reflection, we dedicate Section 3 to the structuring and engineering of metalevel architectures, while implementation considerations are dealt with in Section 4. After this comprehensive review of reflection, the last section discusses the related area of open implementations (Section 5).

Éric Tanter

2009-01-01

69

A Template for Open Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article provides an instructional approach to helping students generate open-inquiry research questions, which the authors call the open-inquiry question template . This template was created based on their experience teaching high school scie

Miranda, Rommel J.; Hermann, Ronald S.

2010-11-01

70

Infant open heart surgery (image)  

MedlinePLUS

During open-heart surgery an incision is made through the breastbone (sternum) while the child is under general anesthesia. ... During open-heart surgery an incision is made through the breastbone (sternum) while the child is under general anesthesia.

71

Limits to Open Class Performance?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation describes the limits to open class performance. The contents include: 1) Standard Class; 2) 15m/Racing Class; 3) Open Class; and 4) Design Solutions associated with assumptions, limiting parameters, airfoil performance, current trends, and analysis.

Bowers, Albion H.

2007-01-01

72

Analytic progress in open string field theory  

E-print Network

Open string field theory provides an action functional for open string fields, and it is thus a manifestly off-shell formulation of open string theory. The solutions to the equation of motion of open string field theory ...

Kiermaier, Michael Stefan

2009-01-01

73

The Open Storage Dilemma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past three decades, open storage facilities have been established at four major museums in order to address the long-standing problem of lack of gallery space for putting collections on view. While making tens of thousands of objects available to visitors represents a great leap forward in accessibility, it raises inherent questions about…

Orcutt, Kimberly

2011-01-01

74

Tachyonic open inflationary universes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study one-field open inflationary models in a universe dominated by tachyon matter. In these scenarios, we determine and characterize the existence of the Coleman De Lucia (CDL) instanton. Also, we study the Lorentzian regime, that is, the period of inflation after tunneling has occurred.

Balart, Leonardo; Del Campo, Sergio; Herrera, Ramón; Labraña, Pedro; Saavedra, Joel

2007-04-01

75

TIRES, OPEN BURNING  

EPA Science Inventory

The chapter describes available information on the health effects from open burning of rubber tires. It concentrates on the three known sources of detailed measurements: (1) a small-scale emissions characterization study performed by the U.S. EPA in a facility designed to simulat...

76

Open Outcry Market  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This example is an in-class market simulation conducted with paper cards assigning each student a buyer or seller role and a reservation price. This example is appropriate for both upper and lower division courses. Open Outcry Market was developed by Barry P. Keating at the University of Notre Dame.

Betty J. Blecha

77

Presto: Open Inquiry!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although inquiry-based science teaching has been around since the 1960s, many teachers are slow to incorporate inquiry principles into their science lessons. The authors address this issue by using an analogy between a magician's card trick and open inquiry. This analogy was chosen to portray a difference of perspective and demonstrate how the…

Hermann, Ronald S.; Miranda, Rommel J.

2010-01-01

78

Open Access and beyond.  

PubMed

Uncensored exchange of scientific results hastens progress. Open Access does not stop at the removal of price and permission barriers; still, censorship and reading disabilities, to name a few, hamper access to information. Here, we invite the scientific community and the public to discuss new methods to distribute, store and manage literature in order to achieve unfettered access to literature. PMID:16956402

Mathur, Shawn; Schmidt, Christian; Das, Chhaya; Tucker, Philip W

2006-01-01

79

Opening AP to All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a school's effort to open Advanced Placement (AP) to all by challenging its students to take the leap into AP courses. Samuel W. Wolfson High School, on the south side of Jacksonville, Florida, is one of 27 schools in five cities across the country that chose to participate in a College Board initiative called EXCELerator.…

Gewertz, Catherine

2008-01-01

80

Openers for Biology Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide contains 200 activities that are suitable for openers and demonstrations in biology classes. Details are provided regarding the use of these activities. Some of the broad topics under which the activities are organized include algae, amphibians, bacteria, biologists, crustaceans, dinosaurs, ecology, evolution, flowering plants,…

Gridley, C. Robert R.

81

Open Channel Flow Resistance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1965, Rouse critically reviewed hydraulic resistance in open channels on the basis of fluid mechanics. He pointed out the effects of cross-sectional shape, boundary nonuniformity, and flow unsteadiness, in addition to viscosity and wall roughness that are commonly considered. This paper extends that study by discussing the differences between momentum and energy resistances, between point, cross-sectional and reach resistance

Ben Chie Yen

2002-01-01

82

Open Universities: A British Tradition?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book challenges the notion that the open university is a recent invention and argues that in Britain there is a long and varied tradition of similar developments, and that there has been a significant 20th century reduction in the openness of universities, particularly in the period from the 1950s to the 1970s. Selected examples of open

Bell, Robert; Tight, Malcolm

83

Open Educational Resources and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at what constitutes an open educational resource and considers the issues and benefits to an educational institution that is moving to participate in open educational resource development and to adopt more open educational practices. It describes the initial steps in these directions being made by the Educational Development…

Blackall, Leigh

2008-01-01

84

Open-Xchange Server Gebruikershandleidingbla  

E-print Network

). © Copyright Open-Xchange Inc. 20122 Open-Xchange Server #12;Inhoudsopgave 1 Aan de slag met Groupware .......................................................................... 1 1.1 Wat kan Groupware software voor u betekenen? ................................................................ 1 1.2 Mogelijkheden van de Open-Xchange groupware server

Galis, Frietson

85

Open Data, Open Source and Open Standards in chemistry: The Blue Obelisk five years on  

PubMed Central

Background The Blue Obelisk movement was established in 2005 as a response to the lack of Open Data, Open Standards and Open Source (ODOSOS) in chemistry. It aims to make it easier to carry out chemistry research by promoting interoperability between chemistry software, encouraging cooperation between Open Source developers, and developing community resources and Open Standards. Results This contribution looks back on the work carried out by the Blue Obelisk in the past 5 years and surveys progress and remaining challenges in the areas of Open Data, Open Standards, and Open Source in chemistry. Conclusions We show that the Blue Obelisk has been very successful in bringing together researchers and developers with common interests in ODOSOS, leading to development of many useful resources freely available to the chemistry community. PMID:21999342

2011-01-01

86

Open Cluster Open Cluster Open Cluster A group of several thousand stars  

E-print Network

Open Cluster Open Cluster Open Cluster A group of several thousand stars which formed within the same nebula. The Pleides, or Seven Sisters, are the most visible stars in this cluster in the Milky Way nebula. The stars in Orion's belt are in a cluster where new stars are still forming. Mass:10-10,000 SM

Bechtold, Jill

87

Groklaw: Understanding Open Source Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mark Webbink, Red Hat's general counsel, wrote this article for attorneys wanting to know the basic issues regarding free and open source software. Aside from listing best practices for law offices, he provides a general overview of various open source licenses, explains US copyright law, defines derivative works, and touches on the indemnification issue and the difference between open source and shared source. Webbink also highlights some of the common myths and misconceptions about the General Public License (GPL) and open source and provides links to other sites with more information on open source software. Readers' comments and responses to the article are also posted in a threaded discussion format.

88

Open Achilles tendon lacerations.  

PubMed

In contrast to closed Achilles tendon ruptures, open injuries are rarely reported in the literature. This paper provides information about open Achilles tendon wounds that are eventually seen in the Middle East. The reporting unit, Hamad Medical Corporation, is one of the biggest trauma centers in the Gulf area and the major health provider in Qatar. This is a retrospective study including patients admitted and operated for open Achilles tendon injuries between January 2011 and December 2013. Two hundred and five cases of open Achilles tendon lacerations were operated in Hamad General Hospital in this period. Forty-eight cases showed partial injuries, and the remaining are complete tendons cut. In the same period, fifty-one closed ruptured Achilles tendons were operated in the same trauma unit. In the majority of cases, the open injury resulted from a slip in the floor-leveled traditional toilette seats. Local damage to the toilette seats resulted in sharp edges causing the laceration of the heel if the patient was slipping over the wet floor. This occurrence is the cause in the vast majority of the cases. Wounds were located 1-5 cm proximal to tendon insertion. Standard treatment principles were applied. This included thorough irrigation in the emergency room, intravenous antibiotics, surgical debridement and primary repair within 24 h. Patients were kept in the hospital 1-7 days for intravenous antibiotics and possible dressing changes. Postoperatively below knee slabs were applied in the majority of patients and were kept for about 4 weeks followed by gradual weight bearing and range of motion exercises. Outpatients follow up in 1-2 weeks. Further follow-up visits at around 2-, 4-, 8- and 12-week intervals until complete wound healing and satisfactory rehabilitation outcome. Sixteen cases needed a second procedure. A high incidence of Achilles tendon open injuries is reported. This seems to be related to partially damaged floor-level toilettes in the typical Middle-East lavatory. The surgical treatment resulted in excellent outcome in the vast majority of the cases. Low incidence of complications resulted despite dramatic injury pattern. PMID:25337957

Said, M Nader; Al Ateeq Al Dosari, Mohamed; Al Subaii, Nasser; Kawas, Alaa; Al Mas, Ali; Al Ser, Yaser; Abuodeh, Yousef; Shakil, Malik; Habash, Ali; Mukhter, Khalid

2014-10-22

89

Plasma opening switch  

DOEpatents

A command triggered plasma opening switch assembly using an amplification stage. The assembly surrounds a coaxial transmission line and has a main plasma opening switch (POS) close to the load and a trigger POS upstream from the main POS. The trigger POS establishes two different current pathways through the assembly depended on whether it has received a trigger current pulse. The initial pathway has both POS's with plasma between their anodes and cathodes to form a short across the transmission line and isolating the load. The final current pathway is formed when the trigger POS receives a trigger current pulse which energizes its fast coil to push the conductive plasma out from between its anode and cathode, allowing the main transmission line current to pass to the fast coil of the main POS, thus pushing its plasma out the way so as to establish a direct current pathway to the load.

Savage, Mark E. (Albuquerque, NM); Mendel, Jr., Clifford W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01

90

Naval open systems architecture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the past 8 years, the Navy has been working on transforming the acquisition practices of the Navy and Marine Corps toward Open Systems Architectures to open up our business, gain competitive advantage, improve warfighter performance, speed innovation to the fleet and deliver superior capability to the warfighter within a shrinking budget1. Why should Industry care? They should care because we in Government want the best Industry has to offer. Industry is in the business of pushing technology to greater and greater capabilities through innovation. Examples of innovations are on full display at this conference, such as exploring the impact of difficult environmental conditions on technical performance. Industry is creating the tools which will continue to give the Navy and Marine Corps important tactical advantages over our adversaries.

Guertin, Nick; Womble, Brian; Haskell, Virginia

2013-05-01

91

Open Humanities Press  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As more and more journals elect to move to an open-source model, it is delightful to learn about the existence of the Open Humanities Press (OHP). Their mission is "to make leading works of contemporary critical thought freely available worldwide." First-time visitors will want to look over the "About OHP" section before delving into the rest of the site. Afterwards, they should feel free to look through one of their seven journals, which include "Cosmos and History", "Culture Machine", "Film-Philosophy", and "Fibreculture". While all of the journals are worth a look, the "Film-Philosophy" journal is particularly compelling, and visitors can browse through issues back to 1997. Finally, visitors can also learn about submitting their work for consideration and also take in a few essays about the guiding principles and history of the OHP.

92

Open Society Justice Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With offices in Abuja, Budapest, and New York, the Open Society Justice Institute "performs law reform activities grounded in the protection of human rights, and contributes to the development of legal capacity for open societies worldwide." To that end, the Institute offers a wide range of helpful resources on its website, including access to its in-house journal, _Justice Initiatives_, information about its advocacy efforts around the globe, and an events calendar. The "Books & Monographs" area provides a host of helpful research and primary source materials, such as a handbook for monitoring election campaign finance and a section dedicated to combating discrimination in Russia. Those persons looking for information about the Institute's work in a specific part of the world will want to look through the geographically organized material in the "Regions" area.

93

Open Textbooks: Computer Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The open textbook movement is in full flower, and curious parties can find topics covering horticulture, engineering, and philosophy scattered across the Internet. This particular website brings together over three dozen college level textbooks from the field of computer science. The site includes computer science textbooks from the Open University in the United Kingdom, the University of Oregon, and a number of other universities. The titles are arranged alphabetically, and they run the gamut from "Accessibility of eLearning" to "XML-Managing Data Exchange". Visitors will note that while not all of the textbooks have been vetted by professional reviewers, those that have been reviewed have a "*" symbol next to their name.

2011-09-22

94

Bentham Open Access  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you fascinated by fascia? Might you find silica scintillating? Look no further gentle reader as Bentham Open Access can provide information about these topics. Bentham Publishers recently launched over 200 peer-reviewed open access journals, and visitors should feel free to browse around at their leisure. Visitors can browse titles by discipline, and everything from agriculture to virology exists within these electronic pages. Of course, for those who already know the title of the journal they are looking for, there is an "A-Z" section as well. In each journal, visitors can browse through the articles, learn about the editorial board, and also take in their manuscript submission requirements. Overall, it is an ambitious journal and one that may spur other electronic publishers to action.

95

Bentham Open Access  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you fascinated by fascia? Might you find silica scintillating? Look no further gentle reader as Bentham Open Access can provide information about these topics. Bentham Publishers recently launched over 200 peer-reviewed open access journals, and visitors should feel free to browse around at their leisure. Visitors can browse titles by discipline, and everything from agriculture to virology exists within these electronic pages. Of course, for those who already know the title of the journal they are looking for, there is an "A-Z" section as well. In each journal, visitors can browse through the articles, learn about the editorial board, and also take in their manuscript submission requirements. Overall, it is an ambitious journal and one that may spur other electronic publishers to action.

2008-11-20

96

Open Architecture Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Open Architecture Network site starts things off with a bold and passionate statement: "Le Corbusier had it all wrong". It's definitely a good way to get visitors" attention upon entering the site. The Network is an online, open source community which seeks to improve living conditions through innovative and sustainable design. On the site, visitors can share their design ideas and plans, review and comment on posted designs, and also collaborate with each other. Visitors will no doubt get exited about the "Projects" section, which is both intellectually stimulating and well-designed. Visitors can search the projects by status, region, location, or theme, or they can also perform a keyword search as well. There are some wonderful finds here, including a childcare school in Sri Lanka, a day laborer shelter, and a "Doc-in-a-Box", which is meant to serve as a mobile health care center.

97

CrowdtiltOpen  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you interested in launching your own crowdfunding page for a cause or a new initiative? You can do just that with CrowdtiltOpen. On this site, visitors can learn how various organizations, such as McSweeney's and AdBlock, funded their own new campaigns. Visitors can use a template to easily get started. Additionally, the site offers a helpful FAQ section along with an in-house blog. This version is compatible with all operating systems.

2014-06-26

98

Open Door Website: Measurements  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource, part of the Open Door website, provides basic information on the role of measurement in experimentation. It explores methods for measuring very small distances, graphing experimental results, "best-fit" line, and explores the role of uncertainty in measurement. For the teacher who expects students to do experimental or quasi-experimental lab work, this resource provides support in graphing results, writing an experimental report, and how uncertainty in measurement affects the final results.

Door, Knock O.

2005-12-14

99

Open systems storage platforms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The building blocks for an open storage system includes a system platform, a selection of storage devices and interfaces, system software, and storage applications CONVEX storage systems are based on the DS Series Data Server systems. These systems are a variant of the C3200 supercomputer with expanded I/O capabilities. These systems support a variety of medium and high speed interfaces to networks and peripherals. System software is provided in the form of ConvexOS, a POSIX compliant derivative of 4.3BSD UNIX. Storage applications include products such as UNITREE and EMASS. With the DS Series of storage systems, Convex has developed a set of products which provide open system solutions for storage management applications. The systems are highly modular, assembled from off the shelf components with industry standard interfaces. The C Series system architecture provides a stable base, with the performance and reliability of a general purpose platform. This combination of a proven system architecture with a variety of choices in peripherals and application software allows wide flexibility in configurations, and delivers the benefits of open systems to the mass storage world.

Collins, Kirby

1992-01-01

100

Open-Source GIS  

SciTech Connect

The components making up an Open Source GIS are explained in this chapter. A map server (Sect. 30.1) can broadly be defined as a software platform for dynamically generating spatially referenced digital map products. The University of Minnesota MapServer (UMN Map Server) is one such system. Its basic features are visualization, overlay, and query. Section 30.2 names and explains many of the geospatial open source libraries, such as GDAL and OGR. The other libraries are FDO, JTS, GEOS, JCS, MetaCRS, and GPSBabel. The application examples include derived GIS-software and data format conversions. Quantum GIS, its origin and its applications explained in detail in Sect. 30.3. The features include a rich GUI, attribute tables, vector symbols, labeling, editing functions, projections, georeferencing, GPS support, analysis, and Web Map Server functionality. Future developments will address mobile applications, 3-D, and multithreading. The origins of PostgreSQL are outlined and PostGIS discussed in detail in Sect. 30.4. It extends PostgreSQL by implementing the Simple Feature standard. Section 30.5 details the most important open source licenses such as the GPL, the LGPL, the MIT License, and the BSD License, as well as the role of the Creative Commons.

Vatsavai, Raju [ORNL; Burk, Thomas E [University of Minnesota; Lime, Steve [Minnesota Department of Natural Resources

2012-01-01

101

Bispectrum from open inflation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We calculate the bispectrum of primordial curvature perturbations, ?, generated during ``open inflation.'' Inflation occurs inside a bubble nucleated via quantum tunneling from the background false vacuum state. Our universe lives inside the bubble, which can be described as a Friedmann-Lema?tre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) universe with negative spatial curvature, undergoing slow-roll inflation. We pay special attention to the issue of an initial state for quantum fluctuations. A ``vacuum state'' defined by a positive-frequency mode in de Sitter space charted by open coordinates is different from the Euclidean vacuum (which is equivalent to the so-called ``Bunch-Davies vacuum'' defined by a positive-frequency mode in de Sitter space charted by flat coordinates). Quantum tunneling (bubble nucleation) then modifies the initial state away from the original Euclidean vacuum. While most of the previous study on modifications of the initial quantum state introduces, by hand, an initial time at which the quantum state is modified as well as the form of the modification, an effective initial time naturally emerges and the form is fixed by quantum tunneling in open inflation models. Therefore, open inflation enables a self-consistent computation of the effect of a modified initial state on the bispectrum. We find a term which goes as langle?k1?k2?k3ranglepropto1/k12k34 in the so-called squeezed configurations, k3 << k1 ? k2, in agreement with the previous study on modifications of the initial state. The bispectrum in the exact folded limit, e.g., k1 = k2+k3, is also enhanced and remains finite. However, these terms are exponentially suppressed when the wavelength of ? is smaller than the curvature radius of the universe. The leading-order bispectrum is equal to the usual one from single-field slow-roll inflation; the terms specific for open inflation arise only in the sub-leading order when the wavelength of ? is smaller than the curvature radius.

Sugimura, Kazuyuki; Komatsu, Eiichiro

2013-11-01

102

Mechanical Properties of Aluminum Fluoride Glass Fibers James Colaizzi, M. John Matthewson, Tariq Iqbal, and Mahmoud R. Shahriari  

E-print Network

#12;Mechanical Properties of Aluminum Fluoride Glass Fibers James Colaizzi, M. John Matthewson solutions of various pH values on the mechanical properties of polymer coated optical fibers of an aluminum to failure of the fiber. In static fatigue, the time to failure of the aluminum fluoride-based fibers

Matthewson, M. John

103

Bid & Open Data position paper 1 / 47 Big and Open data  

E-print Network

Bid & Open Data position paper 1 / 47 Big and Open data Position Paper #12;Bid & Open Data position ..................................................................................................................5 II- Challenges with BIG/OPEN DATA ..............................................................................6 III- Technical approaches to Big Data

Morik, Katharina

104

Open for Business Why Cardiff?  

E-print Network

Open for Business Business #12;Why Cardiff? Cardiff University has an enviable track record introduction to the University's formidable commercial capabilities. Come along and meet like- minded people

Martin, Ralph R.

105

OpenMDAO Framework Status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advancing and exploring the science of Multidisciplinary Analysis & Optimization (MDAO) capabilities are high-level goals in the Fundamental Aeronautics Program s Subsonic Fixed Wing (SFW) project. The OpenMDAO team has made significant progress toward completing the Alpha OpenMDAO deliverable due in September 2010. Included in the presentation are: details of progress on developing the OpenMDAO framework, example usage of OpenMDAO, technology transfer plans, near term plans, progress toward establishing partnerships with external parties, and discussion of additional potential collaborations.

Naiman, Cynthia Gutierrez

2010-01-01

106

Open Government Data im Informatikunterricht.  

E-print Network

??Open Government Data stehen für jene Datenbestände des öffentlichen Sektors, die im Interesse der Allgemeinheit frei zugänglich gemacht werden. Seit 2009 stehen diese offenen Verwaltungsdaten… (more)

Tanzler, Johannes

2014-01-01

107

Control of open quantum systems  

E-print Network

This thesis describes the development, investigation and experimental implementation via liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance techniques of new methods for controlling open quantum systems. First, methods that improve ...

Boulant, Nicolas

2005-01-01

108

The open science grid  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. LHC Tier-1 and Tier-2 laboratories and universities are developing production Grids to support LHC applications running across a worldwide Grid computing system. Together with partners in computer science, physics grid projects and active experiments, we will build a common national production grid infrastructure which is open in its architecture, implementation and use. The Open Science Grid (OSG) model builds upon the successful approach of last year's joint Grid2003 project. The Grid3 shared infrastructure has for over eight months provided significant computational resources and throughput to a range of applications, including ATLAS and CMS data challenges, SDSS, LIGO, and biology analyses, and computer science demonstrators and experiments. To move towards LHC-scale data management, access and analysis capabilities, we must increase the scale, services, and sustainability of the current infrastructure by an order of magnitude or more. Thus, we must achieve a significant upgrade in its functionalities and technologies. The initial OSG partners will build upon a fully usable, sustainable and robust grid. Initial partners include the US LHC collaborations, DOE & NSF Laboratories and Universities & Trillium Grid projects. The approach is to federate with other application communities in the U.S. to build a shared infrastructure open to other sciences and capable of being modified and improved to respond to needs of other applications, including CDF, D0, BaBar, and RHIC experiments. We describe the application-driven, engineered services of the OSG, short term plans and status, and the roadmap for a consortium, its partnerships and national focus.

Pordes, R.; /Fermilab

2004-12-01

109

Open Bibliography for Science, Technology, and Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of Open Bibliography in science, technology and medicine (STM) is introduced as a combination of Open Source tools, Open specifications and Open bibliographic data. An Openly searchable and navigable network of bibliographic information and associated knowledge representations, a Bibliographic Knowledge Network, across all branches of Science, Technology and Medicine, has been designed and initiated. For this large scale

Richard Jones; Mark MacGillivray; Peter Murray-Rust; William Waites

2011-01-01

110

Utility control centers open to change  

SciTech Connect

Open Systems is a popular notion and a strong force in today's computer systems market, but it is not widely or uniformly understood. This article presents openness from the perspective of an electric utility control center. What does the term open mean Why are open systems valuable How can open systems improve the process by which utilities acquire and evolve their control centers

Britton, J. (ESCA Corp., Bellevue, WA (United States))

1991-10-01

111

Supersymmetric Open Wilson Lines  

E-print Network

In this paper we study Open Wilson Lines (OWL's) in the context of two Supersymmetric Yang Mills theories. First we consider four dimensional N=2 Supersymmetric Yang Mills Theory with hypermultiplets transforming in the fundamental representation of the gauge group, and find supersymmetric OWL's only in the superconformal versions of these theories. We then consider four dimensional N=4 SYM coupled to a three dimensional defect hypermultiplet. Here there is a semi-circular supersymmetric OWL, which is related to the ray by a conformal transformation. We perform a perturbative calculation of the operators in both theories, and discuss using localization to compute them non-perturbatively.

Edward B. Baker III

2011-02-24

112

Reusable fast opening switch  

DOEpatents

A reusable fast opening switch for transferring energy, in the form of a high power pulse, from an electromagnetic storage device such as an inductor into a load. The switch is efficient, compact, fast and reusable. The switch comprises a ferromagnetic semiconductor which undergoes a fast transition between conductive and insulating states at a critical temperature and which undergoes the transition without a phase change in its crystal structure. A semiconductor such as europium rich europhous oxide, which undergoes a conductor to insulator transition when it is joule heated from its conductor state, can be used to form the switch.

Van Devender, John P. (Albuquerque, NM); Emin, David (Albuquerque, NM)

1986-01-01

113

Reusable fast opening switch  

DOEpatents

A reusable fast opening switch for transferring energy, in the form of a high power pulse, from an electromagnetic storage device such as an inductor into a load. The switch is efficient, compact, fast and reusable. The switch comprises a ferromagnetic semiconductor which undergoes a fast transition between conductive and metallic states at a critical temperature and which undergoes the transition without a phase change in its crystal structure. A semiconductor such as europium rich europhous oxide, which undergoes a conductor to insulator transition when it is joule heated from its conductor state, can be used to form the switch.

Van Devender, J.P.; Emin, D.

1983-12-21

114

LISA: Opening New Horizons  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) is a space-borne observatory that will open the low frequency (approx.0.1-100 mHz) gravitational wave window on the universe. LISA will observe a rich variety of gravitational wave sources, including mergers of massive black holes, captures of stellar black holes by massive black holes in the centers of galaxies, and compact Galactic binaries. These sources are generally long-lived, providing unprecedented opportunities for multi-messenger astronomy in the transient sky. This talk will present an overview of these scientific arenas, highlighting how LISA will enable stunning discoveries in origins, understanding the cosmic order, and the frontiers of knowledge.

Centrella, Joan M.

2011-01-01

115

Open Directory Project: Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Open Directory Project is a volunteer-edited directory of the Web. This section of the site enables the user to browse the Directory's Science pages. The links are organized alphabetically by type (academic departments, chat rooms and forums, educational resources, news and media, and so forth) and by topic (agriculture, astronomy, biology, chemistry, computer science, Earth sciences, and so forth). From this page users can also search either the entire Directory, the Science section, or a topical subsection of Science. The page also offers browsing of similarly organized Science links in a choice of 74 languages, including Arabic, Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

2001-02-17

116

Open airscrew VTOL concepts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following concepts, based on using open airscrew(s) for VTOL maneuvers, are re-examined in light of current technology: (1) tip-driven helicopters, (2) compound helicopters; and (3) high-speed VTOL aircraft, represented by tiltrotors, tiltwings, retractoplanes and stoppable rotors. Criteria, permitting one to compare performance of aircraft using diverse lifting and propelling methods are established. Determination of currently possible performance, indication of near-future potentials, and comparison of those items with the baseline levels (as represented by contemporary shaft-driven helicopters, first generation tiltrotors, and commercial turboprop fixed-wind aircraft) constitutes bulk of this report.

Stepniewski, W. Z.; Tarczynski, T.

1992-01-01

117

Introduction: The Open Education Movement. Prespectives on Open Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that we cannot transplant'' the open classroom from its English culture base and expect it to work in our society. Suggests that we be wary of cheap'' innovations and that open classrooms should be viewed as an alternative to our formal programs rather than as a panacea for all our ecucational problems. Recommends the evolution of a small…

Manolakes, Theodore

1972-01-01

118

The Open Student: Questioning the Future of the Open Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Miller Singleton, a high school student, recently produced a video that shared her vision of a program in which learners could use materials from the MIT OpenCourseWare (OCW) initiative to obtain a college degree. She calls the program the Open Content Educational Program (OCEP), a program that is offered to high school seniors that gives them the…

Davis, Vicki

2010-01-01

119

Open Development: Is the "Open Source" Analogy Relevant to Biotechnology?  

E-print Network

1 Open Development: Is the "Open Source" Analogy Relevant to Biotechnology? Author: Alan G. Isaac University Date: 19 Oct 2005 Abstract IP controversies are an increasing part of biotechnology policy developing countries have considered the limited access of the poor to much needed biotechnologies (including

Lansky, Joshua

120

Open Source in accessibility analyses Open Source in accessibility analyses  

E-print Network

Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, Ger- many. stefan.neumeier@ti.bund.de Abstract- port" assessing the usability of open source GIS/- data in rural studies. Here we analysed the acces accessibility analysis. This analysis builds upon an open source approach using PostgreSQL/PostGIS as well

Köbben, Barend

121

Open Access, Open Source and Digital Libraries: A Current Trend in University Libraries around the World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the open access and open source movement in the digital library world. Design/methodology/approach: A review of key developments in the open access and open source movement is provided. Findings: Open source software and open access to research findings are of great use to scholars in developing…

Krishnamurthy, M.

2008-01-01

122

Open Budget Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Around the world different governments provide different levels of information about their national budgets, and for some parties, this is a real area of concern. For those interested in this timely subject, the Center of Budget and Policy Priorities has created the Open Budget Index. Released in October 2006, this index rates countries on how open their budget books are to their citizens. As the site notes, this information can help a variety of groups "identify meaningful budget reforms needed in specific countries to combat corruption and strengthen basic services to improve people's lives." A great way to start on the site is by looking through country profiles from Uganda, Mexico, and India that will let concerned parties know specifically how budget transparency improves people's lives. After that, visitors can scroll down through a complete list of country summaries and questionnaires from Albania to Zambia. Visitors should also be aware that many of the materials on the site are available in a number of languages, including Arabic, French, Russian, and Spanish.

123

Building Flexible Groupware Through Open Protocols  

E-print Network

Building Flexible Groupware Through Open Protocols Mark Roseman Saul Greenberg 1993 Cite as: Roseman, M. and Greenberg, S. (1993) "Building flexible groupware through open protocols." In ACM GROUPWARE THROUGH OPEN PROTOCOLS Mark Roseman Saul Greenberg Department of Computer Science University

Greenberg, Saul

124

78 FR 16852 - Open Internet Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION [DA 13-375] Open Internet Advisory Committee AGENCY: Federal Communications...date, time, and agenda of the Open Internet Advisory Committee (Committee). The...the effects of the Commission's Open Internet rules, and to provide any...

2013-03-19

125

76 FR 60754 - Preserving the Open Internet  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FCC 10-201] Preserving the Open Internet AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission...establishing rules to preserve the open Internet. Inadvertently the wrong paragraph was...complaints alleging violations of the open Internet rules. Federal Communications...

2011-09-30

126

77 FR 57086 - Open Internet Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION [DA 12-1433] Open Internet Advisory Committee AGENCY: Federal Communications...date, time, and agenda of the Open Internet Advisory Committee (Committee). The...the effects of the Commission's Open Internet rules, and to provide any...

2012-09-17

127

76 FR 74721 - Preserving the Open Internet  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Report No. 2936] Preserving the Open Internet AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission...broadband service to preserve and reinforce Internet freedom and openness. DATES: Oppositions...In the Matter of Preserving the Open Internet, Broadband Industry Practices,...

2011-12-01

128

77 FR 74661 - Open Internet Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION [DA 12-1986] Open Internet Advisory Committee AGENCY: Federal Communications...date, time, and agenda of the Open Internet Advisory Committee (Committee). The...the effects of the Commission's Open Internet rules, and to provide any...

2012-12-17

129

SCOAP3 and Open Access  

Microsoft Academic Search

SCOAP3 is an innovative Open Access initiative for publishing in high-energy physics. The model is viewed by many as a potential solution to multiple issues related to the financial crisis, the peer review system, scholarly communication, and the need to support institutional repositories. This installment of “The Balance Point” presents articles written by three Open Access advocates, outlining the SCOAP3

Sharon Dyas-Correia; Heather Morrison; Dan D'Agostino

2009-01-01

130

Matching Garage-Door Openers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The on-off settings of a series of eight switches determines the code to open garage doors. Presented are two problems asking the probability that two people would have the same garage door opener code or whether a specific person would have the same code as another person in the neighborhood. (MDH)

Litweller, Bonnie H.; Duncan, David R.

1992-01-01

131

Innovative Opening-Book Handling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The best chess programs have reached the top level players in the human chess world. The so called opening books, which are databases containing thousands of Grandmaster games, have been seen as a big advantage of pro- grams over humans, because the computers do never forget a variation. In- terestingly, it is this opening phase, which causes most problems for

Chrilly Donninger; Ulf Lorenz

2006-01-01

132

Open architecture for robot controllers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses a generic, open architecture for industrial or non-industrial robot controllers allowing system designers and robot manufacturers to develop rapid deployment automation solutions for particular mechanics of robot manipulators. The paper describes a multiple-axis open controller design for a mobile AGV platform carrying a robotic arm, with inclination control to provide horizontal alignment in any terrain configuration. The

T. Borangiu; F. D. Anton; S. Anton

2010-01-01

133

Digital Scholarship and Open Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open access publications provide scholars with unrestricted access to the "conversation" that is the basis for the advancement of knowledge. The large number of open access journals, archives, and depositories already in existence demonstrates the technical and economic viability of providing unrestricted access to the literature that is the…

Losoff, Barbara; Pence, Harry E.

2010-01-01

134

Open Ontology Repository Kenneth Baclawski  

E-print Network

registry-repository; (2) Enabling and facilitating open, federated, collaborative ontology repositories, and (3) Establishing best practices for expressing interoperable ontology and taxonomy work in registry the joint position of those who were engaged in the year's summit discourse on an Open Ontology Repos- itory

Baclawski, Kenneth B.

135

Hydraulics of open channel flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

``Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow'' provides a complete understanding of open channel flow phenomena, and clearly explains the methods for solving the theoretical equations that represent these phenomena. Researchers and practicing engineers in charge of design of hydraulics structures, generation of hydropower, and computation of pollutant diffusion in channels and lakes will find in this essential reference a wealth of

Sergio Montes

1998-01-01

136

Kaffe OpenVM  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Kaffe OpenVM Desktop Edition 1.0 Beta, from Transvirtual Technologies, Inc., is one of the few and quite possibly the only completely independent Java system implementations available under the GNU Public License (GPL). The Kaffe system implements the PersonalJava 1.1 API and includes a Java virtual machine featuring a Just-in-time compiler, standard Java libraries including the Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT), and platform-specific native libraries. While the source code, written in C, is comprehensible, it is not an easy task to fully understand it. Despite the unnecessary complexity of the code, the Kaffe system is useful for tasks ranging from research into Java virtual machines to writing embedded PersonalJava applications. This freely available system runs on numerous platforms and is easy to compile.

137

An opening electromagnetic transducer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tubular solenoids have been widely used without any change since an electrical wire was discovered to create magnetic fields by Hans Christian Oersted in 1820 and thereby the wire was first coiled as a helix into a solenoid coil by William Sturgeon in 1823 and was improved by Joseph Henry in 1829 [see http://www.myetymology.com/encyclopedia/History_of_the_electricity.html; J. M. D. Coey, Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (Cambridge University Press, New York, 2010); and F. Winterberg, Plasma Phys. 8, 541553 (1996)]. A magnetic control method of C-shaped carrying-current wire is proposed, and thereby a new opening electromagnetic transducer evidently differing from the traditional tubular solenoid is created, capable of directly encircling and centering the acted objects in it, bringing about convenient and innovative electromagnetic energy conversion for electromagnetic heating, electromagnetic excitation, physical information capture, and electro-mechanical motion used in science research, industry, and even biomedical activities.

Sun, Yanhua; Kang, Yihua

2013-12-01

138

Open Knowledge Repository  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Is there anything better than free and unfettered access to knowledge? The World Bank has created this massive archive to bring together all of its "research outputs and knowledge products." The Open Knowledge Repository (OKR) was created to improve access to these materials, and the hope is that the archive will allow "anyone in the world to use Bank knowledge to develop solutions to development problems that will help improve the lives of those living in poverty." Currently, there are over 9,200 works online, including all of the World Development Reports from 1978 to the present, the Policy Research Working Papers series from 2005 to the present, and myriad other publications. Visitors can use the Browse area to look around sections that include Collections, Authors, Topics, Titles, and Author Profiles. One rather interesting feature here is the Map area, which tracks the countries that have downloaded the most papers from the OKR. [KMG

2013-04-24

139

Virtual Open Heart Surgery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How does open heart surgery work? Without taking the time to get a formal medical degree, it can be quite hard to find out first-hand. Fortunately, this site from the Australian Broadcasting Company (ABC) takes you inside a virtual operating room to try your hand at performing this procedure. Visitors can look over the interactive Menu to first learn about the anatomy of this region of the body. It's a good place to start and users can proceed to look through the ten (simplified) steps to performing such a complicated operation. Along the way, visitors are given the opportunity to learn about the science behind each step and it's all quite fascinating. It's a great resource for budding scientists, medical professionals, and those who are generally curious about the human body.

140

Opening up optical fibres.  

PubMed

A unique optical fibre design is presented in this work: a laterally accessible microstructured optical fibre, in which one of the cladding holes is open to the surrounding environment and the waveguide core exposed over long lengths of fibre. Such a fibre offers the opportunity of real-time chemical sensing and biosensing not previously possible with conventional microstructured optical fibres, as well as the ability to functionalize the core of the fibre without interference from the cladding. The fabrication of such a fibre using PMMA is presented, as well as experimental results demonstrating the use of the fibre as a evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy pH sensor using the indicator Bromothymol Blue. PMID:19547546

Cox, Felicity M; Lwin, Richard; Large, Maryanne C J; Cordeiro, Cristiano M B

2007-09-17

141

MIT OpenCourseWare  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) OpenCourseWare (OCW) is a free and open educational resource for faculty, students, and self-learners around the world. OCW is a publication of MIT course materials both from the undergraduate and graduate levels. It does not require any registration, is not a degree-granting or certificate-granting activity, and does not provide access to MIT faculty. The course sites often contain lecture notes, problem sets, readings, assignments, exams, study materials, and other resources. Open courseware is available on a variety of subjects, including Earth, atmospheric, and planetary sciences, and can be used for self-study or curriculum development.

142

Eclipsing Binaries in Open Clusters  

E-print Network

Detached eclipsing binaries are very useful objects for calibrating theoretical stellar models and checking their predictions. Detached eclipsing binaries in open clusters are particularly important because of the additional constraints on their age and chemical composition from their membership of the cluster. I compile a list containing absolute parameters of well-studied eclipsing binaries in open clusters, and present new observational data on the B-type systems V1481 Cyg and V2263 Cyg which are members of the young open cluster NGC 7128.

John Southworth

2006-11-21

143

Plasma Opening Switch Synchronization Facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Baikal program provides a superpower generator creation which uses a plasma opening switch for output pulse production. The MOL facility is being developed within the frames of this program to test main units and systems of the planned generator at 4-6 MV, 3 MA and 100 ns. The MOL facility is planned to use 7 parallel plasma opening switch modules placed in the relatively compact vacuum chamber of 140 cm diameter. This aims at solving two main technical issued: plasma opening switch module development with external applied magnetic field and plasma switch modules synchronization. The paper describes plasma switch module design and low inductance load synchronization experimental tests results.

Altuhov, Aleksey A.; Blinov, Petr I.; Dolgachev, Georgi I.; Maslennikov, Dmitry D.; Khodeev, Ivan A.

2002-12-01

144

openBEB: open biological experiment browser for correlative measurements  

PubMed Central

Background New experimental methods must be developed to study interaction networks in systems biology. To reduce biological noise, individual subjects, such as single cells, should be analyzed using high throughput approaches. The measurement of several correlative physical properties would further improve data consistency. Accordingly, a considerable quantity of data must be acquired, correlated, catalogued and stored in a database for subsequent analysis. Results We have developed openBEB (open Biological Experiment Browser), a software framework for data acquisition, coordination, annotation and synchronization with database solutions such as openBIS. OpenBEB consists of two main parts: A core program and a plug-in manager. Whereas the data-type independent core of openBEB maintains a local container of raw-data and metadata and provides annotation and data management tools, all data-specific tasks are performed by plug-ins. The open architecture of openBEB enables the fast integration of plug-ins, e.g., for data acquisition or visualization. A macro-interpreter allows the automation and coordination of the different modules. An update and deployment mechanism keeps the core program, the plug-ins and the metadata definition files in sync with a central repository. Conclusions The versatility, the simple deployment and update mechanism, and the scalability in terms of module integration offered by openBEB make this software interesting for a large scientific community. OpenBEB targets three types of researcher, ideally working closely together: (i) Engineers and scientists developing new methods and instruments, e.g., for systems-biology, (ii) scientists performing biological experiments, (iii) theoreticians and mathematicians analyzing data. The design of openBEB enables the rapid development of plug-ins, which will inherently benefit from the “house keeping” abilities of the core program. We report the use of openBEB to combine live cell microscopy, microfluidic control and visual proteomics. In this example, measurements from diverse complementary techniques are combined and correlated. PMID:24666611

2014-01-01

145

Assumptions and Challenges of Open Scholarship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers, educators, policymakers, and other education stakeholders hope and anticipate that openness and open scholarship will generate positive outcomes for education and scholarship. Given the emerging nature of open practices, educators and scholars are finding themselves in a position in which they can shape and/or be shaped by openness.…

Veletsianos, George; Kimmons, Royce

2012-01-01

146

Characterizing Open Access Publishing at Your Institution  

E-print Network

Characterizing Open Access Publishing @ Your Institution Lilly Li, Digital Repository Librarian David E. Hubbard, Science & Engineering Librarian Outline Definitions and Background Open Access Publishing Studies Open Access Publishing @ TAMU Open... Access Publishing @ Your Institution Hands-on Exercises Scholarly Communications “…the creation, transformation, dissemination and preservation of knowledge related to teaching, research and scholarly endeavors….Among the many scholarly communications...

Hubbard, David E.; Li, Yu

2014-11-03

147

Summary of Research on Open Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the available research on open/informal education. The introduction discusses the assumptions which underlie open education and presents definitions and descriptions of open education. The body of the report examines 30 studies of open education and reports findings with regard to student achievement, student self-concept…

Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.

148

Open Educational Partnerships and Collective Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the Open University in Scotland "openness" is part of our sense of self; our engagement with Open Educational Resources and Practices (OER/OEP) seems obvious. In this paper we explore some of those obvious aspects and using our partnership with a third sector organisation explore some of the less apparent aspects of openness. In…

Macintyre, Ronald

2013-01-01

149

Open architecture controller activities in TEAM  

SciTech Connect

As part of its manufacturing initiative, TEAM is actively involved in open architecture controller activities. Within the TEAM community of members, TEAM is developing an open architecture controller requirements document and an open architecture controller application programming interface document. In addition, TEAM is also evaluating early open architecture controllers in a shop floor environment.

McCue, H.K.

1996-02-04

150

Essays in open economy macroeconomics  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of two essays on open economy macroeconomics. The first essay is on imperfect asset substitutability and current account dynamics. It is divided into four chapters. The first chapter in this ...

Ghosh, Indradeep, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01

151

Open Source Physics Eclipse Workspace  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Open Source Physics Eclipse Workspace contains the source code for the OSP core library, the OSP User's Guide by Wolfgang Christian, and An Introduction to Computer Simulation Methods by Harvey Gould, Jan Tobochnik and Wolfgang Christian.

Christian, Wolfgang; Gould, Harvey; Tobochnik, Jan

2008-05-16

152

OpenMx: An Open Source Extended Structural Equation Modeling Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

OpenMx is free, full-featured, open source, structural equation modeling (SEM) software. OpenMx runs within the "R" statistical programming environment on Windows, Mac OS-X, and Linux computers. The rationale for developing OpenMx is discussed along with the philosophy behind the user interface. The OpenMx data structures are introduced--these…

Boker, Steven; Neale, Michael; Maes, Hermine; Wilde, Michael; Spiegel, Michael; Brick, Timothy; Spies, Jeffrey; Estabrook, Ryne; Kenny, Sarah; Bates, Timothy; Mehta, Paras; Fox, John

2011-01-01

153

Open Society Foundations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started by the philanthropist George Soros in the mid-1980s to help countries make the economic and social transition from communism, the Open Society Foundation aims to "implement a range of initiatives to advance justice, education, public health, and independent media." Asia is the focus of this portion of the website, and the material is divided up into "News & Announcements", "Events", and "Publications & Articles". Visitors can keep up with the happenings of the site via an RSS feed or by subscribing to their newsletter. One of the featured stories on the homepage is a recording of a discussion about the book "A Rope and a Prayer", by an American journalist who was kidnapped and taken around Afghanistan and Pakistan. There are several videos visitors can watch that are highlighted on the homepage, including "Cambodia A Quest for Justice", "India and Europe Trading Away Access to Medicines", and "Russia's HIV Care Must Center on Drug Users". Finally, visitors can read "Dining with Dictators" a blog entry about the European Union's "willingness to meet with Central Asian Tyrants."

154

Opening the door to innovation.  

PubMed

Open innovation is the new buzz, with initiatives popping up left and right. Here, we give a personal perspective on a very successful, knowledge-driven innovation initiated in an academia- industry alliance, which culminated in technology platforms that enable the generation of therapeutic antibodies with novel properties. To start, we provide a general background on open innovation in the drug development field. PMID:24784437

Schuurman, Janine; Graus, Yvo F; Labrijn, Aran F; Ruuls, Sigrid; Parren, Paul W H I

2014-01-01

155

OSNT: Open Source Network Tester  

E-print Network

-source framework extensible with new features to support new applications, while permitting validation and review of the implementation. Index Terms—Open Source, Programmable Hardware, High Speed, NetFPGA, Monitoring, Traffic-generation, Open Source, Packet... of micro-engines, each used to support one or more protocols at network and transport-layers such as Ethernet, TCP or UDP and application-protocols such as BGP. Each micro-engine either generates synthetic or replays captured traffic for one or more...

Antichi, Gianni; Shahbaz, Muhammad; Geng, Yilong; Zilberman, Noa; Covington, Adam; Bruyere, Marc; McKeown, Nick; Feamster, Nick; Felderman, Bob; Blott, Michaela; Moore, Andrew W.; Owezarski, Philippe

2014-01-01

156

Open Geoscience Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently there is an enormous amount of various geoscience databases. Unfortunately the only users of the majority of the databases are their elaborators. There are several reasons for that: incompaitability, specificity of tasks and objects and so on. However the main obstacles for wide usage of geoscience databases are complexity for elaborators and complication for users. The complexity of architecture leads to high costs that block the public access. The complication prevents users from understanding when and how to use the database. Only databases, associated with GoogleMaps don't have these drawbacks, but they could be hardly named "geoscience" Nevertheless, open and simple geoscience database is necessary at least for educational purposes (see our abstract for ESSI20/EOS12). We developed a database and web interface to work with them and now it is accessible at maps.sch192.ru. In this database a result is a value of a parameter (no matter which) in a station with a certain position, associated with metadata: the date when the result was obtained; the type of a station (lake, soil etc); the contributor that sent the result. Each contributor has its own profile, that allows to estimate the reliability of the data. The results can be represented on GoogleMaps space image as a point in a certain position, coloured according to the value of the parameter. There are default colour scales and each registered user can create the own scale. The results can be also extracted in *.csv file. For both types of representation one could select the data by date, object type, parameter type, area and contributor. The data are uploaded in *.csv format: Name of the station; Lattitude(dd.dddddd); Longitude(ddd.dddddd); Station type; Parameter type; Parameter value; Date(yyyy-mm-dd). The contributor is recognised while entering. This is the minimal set of features that is required to connect a value of a parameter with a position and see the results. All the complicated data treatment could be conducted in other programs after extraction the filtered data into *.csv file. It makes the database understandable for non-experts. The database employs open data format (*.csv) and wide spread tools: PHP as the program language, MySQL as database management system, JavaScript for interaction with GoogleMaps and JQueryUI for create user interface. The database is multilingual: there are association tables, which connect with elements of the database. In total the development required about 150 hours. The database still has several problems. The main problem is the reliability of the data. Actually it needs an expert system for estimation the reliability, but the elaboration of such a system would take more resources than the database itself. The second problem is the problem of stream selection - how to select the stations that are connected with each other (for example, belong to one water stream) and indicate their sequence. Currently the interface is English and Russian. However it can be easily translated to your language. But some problems we decided. For example problem "the problem of the same station" (sometimes the distance between stations is smaller, than the error of position): when you adding new station to the database our application automatically find station near this place. Also we decided problem of object and parameter type (how to regard "EC" and "electrical conductivity" as the same parameter). This problem has been solved using "associative tables". If you would like to see the interface on your language, just contact us. We should send you the list of terms and phrases for translation on your language. The main advantage of the database is that it is totally open: everybody can see, extract the data from the database and use them for non-commercial purposes with no charge. Registered users can contribute to the database without getting paid. We hope, that it will be widely used first of all for education purposes, but professional scientists could use it also.

Bashev, A.

2012-04-01

157

Opening size determination of technical textiles used in agricultural applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some important identification and conformity parameters of technical textiles used in agricultural applications (agrotextiles) such as open area, porosity and opening size are investigated. Open area and porosity of two-dimensional agrotextiles are compared, as well as opening sizes, opening size distribution and characteristic opening size. These are obtained by scanning (based on the number of openings), and by dry sieving

W. Dierickx

1999-01-01

158

Using THOMAS for Service Oriented Open MAS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent technological advances in open systems have imposed new needs on multi-agent systems. Nowadays, open systems require open autonomous scenarios in which heterogeneous entities (agents or services) interact to fulfill the system goals. This impose the need for open architectures and computational models for large-scale open multi-agent systems based on service-oriented approaches. THOMAS is a new architecture specifically addressed for the design of virtual organizations for open systems. In this paper we present a case study that exemplifies the usage of THOMAS for implementing a management system of a travel agency.

Julian, V.; Rebollo, M.; Argente, E.; Botti, V.; Carrascosa, C.; Giret, A.

159

The VLT Opening Symposium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists Meet in Antofagasta to Discuss Front-Line Astrophysics To mark the beginning of the VLT era, the European Southern Observatory is organizing a VLT Opening Symposium which will take place in Antofagasta (Chile) on 1-4 March 1999, just before the start of regular observations with the ESO Very Large Telescope on April 1, 1999. The Symposium occupies four full days and is held on the campus of the Universidad Catolica del Norte. It consists of plenary sessions on "Science in the VLT Era and Beyond" and three parallel Workshops on "Clusters of Galaxies at High Redshift" , "Star-way to the Universe" and "From Extrasolar Planets to Brown Dwarfs" . There will be many presentations of recent work at the major astronomical facilities in the world. The meeting provides a very useful forum to discuss the latest developments and, in this sense, contributes to the planning of future research with the VLT and other large telescopes. The symposium will be opened with a talk by the ESO Director General, Prof. Riccardo Giacconi , on "Paranal - an observatory for the 21st century". It will be followed by reports about the first scientific results from the main astronomical instruments on VLT UT1, FORS1 and ISAAC. The Symposium participants will see the VLT in operation during special visits to the Paranal Observatory. Press conferences are being arranged each afternoon to inform about the highlights of the conference. After the Symposium, there will be an Official Inauguration Ceremony at Paranal on 5 March Contributions from ESO ESO scientists will make several presentations at the Symposium. They include general reviews of various research fields as well as important new data and results from the VLT that show the great potential of this new astronomical facility. Some of the recent work is described in this Press Release, together with images and spectra of a large variety of objects. Note that all of these data will soon become publicly available via the VLT Archive. The text below summarizes the individual projects. Comprehensive texts with all photos and diagrammes are available in nine separate web documents ( ESO PR Photos 08/99 to 16/99 ) that may be accessed via the links at the top of each section. The degree of detail and level of complexity of the texts depend on the subject and the available materials. 1. Dwarf Galaxies in the Local Group ESO PR Photo 10a/99 ESO PR Photo 10a/99 The Antlia Galaxy (FORS1 colour composite) . Access full text and PR Photos 10a-d/99 In addition to large spiral galaxies like the Milky Way Galaxy, the Andromeda Galaxy and Messier 33, the Local Group of Galaxies contains many dwarf galaxies. The VLT has observed two of these, Antlia and NGC 6822 . Antlia is a low-surface brightness, spheroidal dwarf galaxy that was only discovered in 1997. While it contains a large amount of atomic hydrogen at its centre, no young stars are found, and it appears that most of its stars are old. This is unlike other dwarf galaxies in the Milky Way neighbourhood, as star formation is expected to occur within dense hydrogen clouds. Further observations will be necessary to understand this unusual characteristics. The VLT also obtained images of an irregular dwarf galaxy in the Local Group, NGC 6822, as well as spectra of some of its stars. This galaxy is of the "irregular" type and is situated at a distance of about 2 million light-years. A comparison of the spectra of supergiant stars in NGC 6822 shows that many spectral lines are much weaker than in stars of similar type in the Milky Way, but of similar strength as in stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud. This confirms an earlier finding that NGC 6822 has chemical composition (a lower "metallicity") that is different from what is observed in our Galaxy. 2. The Double Stellar Cluster NGC 1850 in the LMC ESO PR Photo 15/99 ESO PR Photo 15/99 NGC 1850 (FORS1 colour composite) . Access full text and PR Photo 15/99 NGC 1850 is a double cluster in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy t

1999-02-01

160

Open Syntaxin Docks Synaptic Vesicles  

PubMed Central

Synaptic vesicles dock to the plasma membrane at synapses to facilitate rapid exocytosis. Docking was originally proposed to require the soluble N-ethylmaleimide–sensitive fusion attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins; however, perturbation studies suggested that docking was independent of the SNARE proteins. We now find that the SNARE protein syntaxin is required for docking of all vesicles at synapses in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The active zone protein UNC-13, which interacts with syntaxin, is also required for docking in the active zone. The docking defects in unc-13 mutants can be fully rescued by overexpressing a constitutively open form of syntaxin, but not by wild-type syntaxin. These experiments support a model for docking in which UNC-13 converts syntaxin from the closed to the open state, and open syntaxin acts directly in docking vesicles to the plasma membrane. These data provide a molecular basis for synaptic vesicle docking. PMID:17645391

Olsen, Shawn; Jorgensen, Erik M

2007-01-01

161

OpenScience Project, The  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The OpenScience project is dedicated to writing and releasing free and Open Source scientific software. We are a group of scientists, mathematicians and engineers who want to encourage a collaborative environment in which science can be pursued by anyone who is inspired to discover something new about the natural world. Much of the work of science depends on having appropriate tools available to analyze experimental data and to interract with theoretical models. Powerful computers are now cheap enough so that significant processing power is within reach of many people. The missing piece of the puzzle is software that lets the scientist choose between models and make sense of his or her observations. That is where the OpenScience project can help.

162

Topological Open Strings on Orbifolds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use the remodeling approach to the B-model topological string in terms of recursion relations to study open string amplitudes at orbifold points. To this end, we clarify modular properties of the open amplitudes and rewrite them in a form that makes their transformation properties under the modular group manifest. We exemplify this procedure for the {{mathbb C}^3/{mathbb Z}_3} orbifold point of local {{mathbb P}^2}, where we present results for topological string amplitudes for genus zero and up to three holes, and for the one-holed torus. These amplitudes can be understood as generating functions for either open orbifold Gromov-Witten invariants of {{mathbb C}^3/{mathbb Z}_3}, or correlation functions in the orbifold CFT involving insertions of both bulk and boundary operators.

Bouchard, Vincent; Klemm, Albrecht; Mariño, Marcos; Pasquetti, Sara

2010-06-01

163

An Open Source Simulation System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An investigation into the current state of the art of open source real time programming practices. This document includes what technologies are available, how easy is it to obtain, configure, and use them, and some performance measures done on the different systems. A matrix of vendors and their products is included as part of this investigation, but this is not an exhaustive list, and represents only a snapshot of time in a field that is changing rapidly. Specifically, there are three approaches investigated: 1. Completely open source on generic hardware, downloaded from the net. 2. Open source packaged by a vender and provided as free evaluation copy. 3. Proprietary hardware with pre-loaded proprietary source available software provided by the vender as for our evaluation.

Slack, Thomas

2005-01-01

164

The plasma erosion opening switch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Plasma Erosion Opening Switch (PEOS) can conduct high current (approx. MA), open quickly (<10ns), and withstand high voltage (approx. MV). This switching technique has been used in inductive energy storage experiments and can be used with existing generators for pulse compression, voltage multiplication and power multiplication. The PEOS is used routinely for other types of power conditioning including prepulse suppression, pulse sharpening and multimodule jitter reduction. This paper is a review of the PEOS work to date. It reviews basic physics principles of the PEOS and outlines the operational limits of a system that employs a PEOS. Examples of present applications of the PEOS are also discussed.

Commisso, R. J.; Cooperstein, G.; Meger, R. A.; Neri, J. M.; Ottinger, P. F.

1985-05-01

165

OpenMP for Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

OpenMP [13] is the dominant programming model for shared-memory parallelism in C, C++ and Fortran due to its easy-to-use directive-based style, portability and broad support by compiler vendors. Similar characteristics are needed for a programming model for devices such as GPUs and DSPs that are gaining popularity to accelerate compute-intensive application regions. This paper presents extensions to OpenMP that provide that programming model. Our results demonstrate that a high-level programming model can provide accelerated performance comparable to hand-coded implementations in CUDA.

Beyer, J C; Stotzer, E J; Hart, A; de Supinski, B R

2011-03-15

166

OpenEpi - Epidemiologic Calculators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, created by Andrew G. Dean, Roger A. Mir and Kevin Sullivan of Open Epidemiology.com, contains calculators for use in epidemiological calculations. There are modules that can be used online and open source modules that can be downloaded and altered. Some modules include 2x2 tables, an R by C table, proportions, dose-response and trend calculator, sample size, and generation of random numbers. This is a great resource for those interested in general statistics, social statistics, public health, or more specifically, epidemiology.

Dean, Andrew G.; Mir, Roger A.; Sullivan, Kevin

2009-02-09

167

Open Research Online The Open University's repository of research publications  

E-print Network

outputs What can breakdowns and breakthroughs tell us about learning and involvement experienced during, William (2011). What can breakdowns and breakthroughs tell us about learning and involvement experienced consult the policies page. oro.open.ac.uk #12;What can Breakdowns and Breakthroughs tell us about Learning

Blandford, Ann

168

STUDY PROTOCOL Open Access Open versus laparoscopically-assisted  

E-print Network

to the reduced postoperative trauma. We hypothesise that the laparoscopic abdominal approach (laparoscopic rate due to the reduced surgical trauma. Methods/Design: The MIRO trial is an open, controlled. Secondary objectives are to assess the overall 30-day morbidity, 30-day mortality, 30-day pulmonary

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

169

Detecting open surfaces in three dimensions  

E-print Network

We present a novel level-set method for representing and detecting open surfaces embedded in three-dimensional image volumes. Open surfaces are two-dimensional manifolds with a one-dimensional boundary lying within a ...

Bose, Biswajit, 1981-

2009-01-01

170

Open Interiors for Efficiency and Conservation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open plan interiors in school design provide excellent opportunities for cutting costs by optimizing in construction and electric comfort conditioning. Important considerations to keep in mind when planning for the open concept. (Author)

Modern Schools, 1974

1974-01-01

171

50 CFR 560.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...holding open meetings, the Commission shall make a diligent effort to provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics to accommodate the public attendance anticipated for the meeting. (d) Members of the public may record open...

2010-10-01

172

50 CFR 560.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...holding open meetings, the Commission shall make a diligent effort to provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics to accommodate the public attendance anticipated for the meeting. (d) Members of the public may record open...

2011-10-01

173

50 CFR 560.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...holding open meetings, the Commission shall make a diligent effort to provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics to accommodate the public attendance anticipated for the meeting. (d) Members of the public may record open...

2012-10-01

174

50 CFR 560.3 - Open meetings.  

...holding open meetings, the Commission shall make a diligent effort to provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics to accommodate the public attendance anticipated for the meeting. (d) Members of the public may record open...

2014-10-01

175

50 CFR 560.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...holding open meetings, the Commission shall make a diligent effort to provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics to accommodate the public attendance anticipated for the meeting. (d) Members of the public may record open...

2013-10-01

176

7 CFR 51.2542 - U.S. Artificially Opened.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Pistachio Nuts in the Shell § 51.2542 U.S. Artificially Opened...S. Artificially Opened” consists of artificially opened pistachio nuts in the shell which meet the following...

2011-01-01

177

7 CFR 51.2542 - U.S. Artificially Opened.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Pistachio Nuts in the Shell § 51.2542 U.S. Artificially Opened...S. Artificially Opened” consists of artificially opened pistachio nuts in the shell which meet the following...

2012-01-01

178

7 CFR 51.2542 - U.S. Artificially Opened.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Pistachio Nuts in the Shell § 51.2542 U.S. Artificially Opened...S. Artificially Opened” consists of artificially opened pistachio nuts in the shell which meet the following...

2013-01-01

179

7 CFR 51.2542 - U.S. Artificially Opened.  

...AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Pistachio Nuts in the Shell § 51.2542 U.S. Artificially Opened...S. Artificially Opened” consists of artificially opened pistachio nuts in the shell which meet the following...

2014-01-01

180

XORP: an open platform for network research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Network researchers face a significant problem when deploying software in routers, either for experimentation or for pilot deployment. Router platforms are generally not open systems, in either the open-source or the open-API sense. In this paper we discuss the problems this poses, and present an eXtensible Open Router Platform (XORP) that we are developing to address these issues. Key goals

Mark Handley; Orion Hodson; Eddie Kohler

2003-01-01

181

Haefliger's codimension-one singular foliations, open books and twisted open books in dimension 3  

E-print Network

Classification. 57R30. Key words and phrases. Foliations, Haefliger's -structures, open book. FL is supported, the models are based on the notion of open book decomposition. Recall that such a structure on M consistsHaefliger's codimension-one singular foliations, open books and twisted open books in dimension 3

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

182

Introducing Hands-On Experience to a Massive Open Online Course on openHPI  

E-print Network

Introducing Hands-On Experience to a Massive Open Online Course on openHPI Christian Willems.jasper@student.hpi.uni-potsdam.de Abstract-- Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have be- come the trending topic in e-learning. Many assessment, TCP/IP, e-mail, DNS. I. INTRODUCTION Starting from 2011, a new concept of Massive Open Online

Weske, Mathias

183

Open access, open source and e-theses: the development of the Edinburgh Research Archive  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To examine how the synergy of open access and open source have been used at Edinburgh University Library to design and implement an e-thesis service, and to offer a comfortable theoretical framework to aid others. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The concepts of open access and open source are introduced and compared to show the conceptual relationship between them and the

Richard Jones; Theo Andrew

2005-01-01

184

Opening up Library Automation Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the history of library automation, the author has seen a steady advancement toward more open systems. In the early days of library automation, when proprietary systems dominated, the need for standards was paramount since other means of inter-operability and data exchange weren't possible. Today's focus on Application Programming…

Breeding, Marshall

2009-01-01

185

Corporate Experiences in Open Innovation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the 21st century, companies are facing new challenges in a rapidly changing environment. Global competition and technological progress, in particular of information and communication technologies, have shortened life cycle products, opened up new markets, and lowered barriers to firm entry. These changes are compelling firms to find new and more rapid ways to innovate.

Mulet, Juan

186

THE OPEN SOURCING OF EPANET  

EPA Science Inventory

A proposal was made at the 2009 EWRI Congress in Kansas City, MO to establish an Open Source Project (OSP) for the widely used EPANET pipe network analysis program. This would be an ongoing collaborative effort among a group of geographically dispersed advisors and developers, wo...

187

Open File: Professionalism in Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue focuses on professionalism in teaching. It begins with an article in Viewpoints/Controversies titled "A Renewed Sense for the Purposes of Schooling: The Challenges of Education and Social Cohesion in Asia, Africa, Latin America, Europe, and Central Asia" (Stephen P. Heyneman; Sanja Todoric-Bebic). In Open File: Professionalism in…

Hargreaves, Andy, Ed.; Lo, Leslie N. K., Ed.

2000-01-01

188

Gambits 1. Conversational Tools. Openers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is part of a series, which is in turn part of a course entitled "Contact Canada" and designed for adult Francophone students of English as a second language. The series contains exercises for learning conversational tools. This volume deals with opening formulas, which are grouped under the following categories: (1) attention-getting…

Keller, Eric; Warner, Sylvia Taba

189

Eye-Openers in ASL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes most of what Sign linguists know about the function of the eyes in American Sign Language discourse. Here, "eyes" is taken to cover both opening and closing of the eyes and looking in a particular direction, referred to as the signer's "gaze-direction." Evidence is presented demonstrating that a signer's gaze can be lexically…

Baker, Charlotte

190

International students opening a UK  

E-print Network

of products and services. Some banks also offer student accounts. International students 03 #12;04 British Bankers' Association If you want to open an online or a telephone account, the bank may need to see more services can I get with an account? With a basic bank account: · You can have money paid directly into your

Levi, Ran

191

The Open Door Web Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Open Door Web Site is a reference source for both students and teachers containing separate sections for physics, biology, technology, history, electronics, and chemistry. Within each of these sections are tutorials, reference information, experiments, and quizzes. A separate Study Guide section provides help with writing bibliographies, and an Internet Guide links with other websites that may help students with their research.

192

Open Problems in $?$ Particle Condensation  

E-print Network

$\\alpha$ particle condensation is a novel state in nuclear systems. We briefly review the present status on the study of $\\alpha$ particle condensation and address the open problems in this research field: $\\alpha$ particle condensation in heavier systems other than the Hoyle state, linear chain and $\\alpha$ particle rings, Hoyle-analogue states with extra neutrons, $\\alpha$ particle condensation related to astrophysics, etc.

Y. Funaki; M. Girod; H. Horiuchi; G. Roepke; P. Schuck; A. Tohsaki; T. Yamada

2010-03-05

193

"Open Door," New York City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Open Door" Program began in Spring 1968 at PS 123 and in Fall 1968 at PS 84, and has been expanded in these schools in the 1969-70 school year. It seeks, within the large urban school, to set up a flexible and intimate learning environment, to provide greater continuity between grade levels, and to enrich the curriculum so that children have…

Thackray, John; And Others

194

Open-celled polyurethane foam  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Open-celled polyurethane foam has a density of 8.3 pounds per cubic foot and a compressive strength of 295 to 325 psi. It is useful as a porous spacer in layered insulation and as an insulation material in vacuum tight systems.

Russell, L. W.

1970-01-01

195

Laser acceleration with open waveguides  

Microsoft Academic Search

A unified framework based on solid-state open waveguides is developed to overcome all three major limitations on acceleration distance and hence on the feasibility of two classes of laser acceleration. The three limitations are due to laser diffraction, acceleration phase slippage, and damage of waveguide structure by a high power laser. The two classes of laser acceleration are direct-field acceleration

Ming Xie; Ming

1999-01-01

196

Open File: Education in Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of scholarly essays on comparative education is divided into four sections. The first section, Viewpoints/Controversies, contains the essay "Educational Policies and Contents in Developing Countries" (Jacques Hallak). The second section, Open File: Education in Asia, contains the following essays: "Some Current Issues, Concerns and…

Ordonez, Victor, Ed.; Maclean, Rupert, Ed.

2000-01-01

197

open access journal Public Health  

E-print Network

open access journal Journal of Public Health in AfricaeISSN 2038-9930 i www the Journal of Public Health in Africa is a peer-reviewed, electronic quarterly, that focuses on health issues in the African continent. The journal editors seek high quality original articles on public health related issues

Oakley, Jeremy

198

True, False, and Open Sentences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Students first explore arithmetic sentences to decide whether they are true or false. The lesson then introduces students to sentences that are neither true nor false but are algebraic equations, also called open sentences, such as x + 3 = 7 or 2 x = 12." from Math Solutions.

Math Solutions Professional Development

2009-09-01

199

OPEN CHALLENGES DONALD C. WELLS  

E-print Network

OPEN CHALLENGES DONALD C. WELLS National Radio Astronomy Observatory 520 Edgemont Road which have inhibited applications of large databases in astronomy. Storage costs (both RAM and disk for an astronomy project to procure and operate 30 giga­ bytes of disk if the project needs it. Disk storage

Wells, Donald C.

200

Diffraction of water waves (opening)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simulation allows the user to investigate the diffraction pattern due to opening in a ripple tank. The user can change the wavelength of the waves, and the slit width. This is a part of the "Learn Physics using Java" library of simulations.

Ng, Chiu-King

2010-04-25

201

Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources (CCCOER) is a joint effort by the Foothill-De Anza Community College District, the League for Innovation in the Community College and many other community colleges and university partners to develop and use open educational resources (OER) and especially open textbooks in community college courses.

202

Invariants of contact structures from open books  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this note we define three invariants of contact structures in terms of open books supporting the contact structures. These invariants are the support genus (which is the minimal genus of a page of a supporting open book for the contact structure), the binding number (which is the minimal number of binding components of a supporting open book for the

John B. Etnyre; Burak Ozbagci

2006-01-01

203

Distance Learning at the Open University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The success of Great Britain's Open University has become a model for distance education in the United States. The Open University is nonselective in admissions and designs its courses for part-time students and working adults. It plans to begin enrolling American students in a new sister institution, the United States Open University. (MSE)

Blumenstyk, Goldie

1999-01-01

204

Managing the business risks of open innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article considers the business risks associated with open innovation. When technology firm International Business Machines (IBM) refused to enforce patents that were violated by the Linux open-source operating system, it helped create an alliance of firms with a vested interest in defending open-source software from legal attack. Similarly, whether other industries give rise to spheres in which competition takes

Oliver Alexy; Markus Reitzig

2012-01-01

205

Periodicals Price Survey 2008: Embracing Openness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence for open access as an emergent, global state of mind is everywhere. The "New York Times" went "open" last September, and the "Wall Street Journal" is slated to follow. Increasingly, scholarly communities are breaking with tradition and calling for the open sharing of research, software, and data. Amongst these global initiatives is the…

Van Orsdel, Lee C.; Born, Kathleen

2008-01-01

206

Stock Market Openings: Experience of Emerging Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an exploratory examination of the benefits and risks associated with opening of stock markets. Specifically, we estimate changes in the level and volatility of stock returns, inflation, and exchange rates around market openings. We find that stock returns increase immediately after market opening without a concomitant increase in volatility. Stock markets become more efficient as determined by

E. Han Kim; Vijay Singal

2000-01-01

207

23 OPENING UP THE AGILE INNOVATION PROCESS  

E-print Network

23 OPENING UP THE AGILE INNOVATION PROCESS Kieran Conboy National University of Ireland Galway The objective of this panel is to discuss how firms can operate both an open and agile innovation process. In an era of unprecedented changes, companies need to be open and agile in order to adapt rapidly

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

208

Open cellular structure in marine stratocumulus sheets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geostationary and Sun-synchronous satellite data and in situ observations from ship cruises are used to investigate the formation of open cellular structure in marine stratocumulus clouds over the southeast Pacific (SEP). Open cellular convection either forms spontaneously as pockets of open cells (POCs) within overcast stratocumulus, or is advected into the region from midlatitude regions. POC formation occurs most frequently

Robert Wood; K. K. Comstock; Christopher S. Bretherton; C. Cornish; Jason M. Tomlinson; Donald R. Collins; C. Fairall

2008-01-01

209

Selective Ring Opening of Naphthenic Molecules  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ring opening as practiced in hydrocracking of naphthenic molecules results from multiple cleavages of both endo- and exocyclic C–C bonds. Selective ring opening requires that only one endocyclic C–C bond per naphthene ring be severed, preserving thereby reactant molecular weight. The products of selective ring opening are alkanes and alkylnaphthenes. Over hydrocracking catalysts the yield of alkanes with the same

G. B. McVicker; M. Daage; M. S. Touvelle; C. W. Hudson; D. P. Klein; W. C. Baird; B. R. Cook; J. G. Chen; S. Hantzer; D. E. W. Vaughan; E. S. Ellis; O. C. Feeley

2002-01-01

210

Openness and Inflation: Theory and Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because unanticipated monetary expansion leads to real exchange rate depreciation and because the harms of real depreciation are greater in more open economies, the benefits of unanticipated expansion are decreasing in the degree of openness. Models in which the absence of precommitment in monetary policy leads to excessive inflation, therefore, predict lower average inflation in more open economies. This paper

David Romer

1993-01-01

211

OPENING EDUCATION Social software and learning  

E-print Network

.futurelab.org.uk/research. For full details of our open access policy, go to www.futurelab.org.uk/open_access.htm. #12OPENING EDUCATION Social software and learning Futurelab 1 Canons Road Harbourside Bristol BS1 5UH.futurelab.org.uk #12;Foreword 02 Executive summary 03 1 Introduction: How do we learn in an era of connection

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

Open Geodata Initiative for Romania  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concept of open data access is a very important topic nowadays. The concept assumes that all data collected or generated by public sector bodies (excepting personal data and data protected under existing privacy protection or accessibility rules) is made publicly accessible in commonly-used, machine-readable formats and can be re-used for any purpose, commercial or non-commercial. Governmental agencies are considered to be the most significant data owners and providers in modern societies. The sheer volume and wealth of this data makes apparent the potential benefits of reusing, combining, and processing governmental data. Even though metadata (information about the data) is sometimes published, administrations typically express reluctance to making their data available, for various reasons, cultural, political, legal, institutional and technical. The governmental spatial information (also called geospatial data, georeferenced data or geodata) producers in Romania are no exception -with the additional situation that even metadata is not usually available. Starting from 2013 a joint program between a Swiss partner (The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH- Zurich - Institute of Cartography and Geoinformation) and a Romanian partner (Technical University of Civil Engineering - UTCB) is developed in order to establish a new approach on the open geodata topic. The main objective of the project GEOIDEA.RO (GEodata Openness Initiative for Development and Economic Advancement in ROmania) is to improve the scientific basis for open geodata model adoption in Romania. Is our believe that publishing government geodata in Romania over the Internet,under an open license and in a reusable format can strengthen citizen engagement and yield new innovative businesses, bringing substantial social and economic gains.

Craciunescu, Vasile; Iosifescu, Ionut; Ilie, Codrina Maria; Gaitanaru, Dragos; Radu Gogu, Constantin; Hurni, Lorenz

2013-04-01

213

The Open Course: Through the Open Door--Open Courses as Research, Learning, and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, as educators have increasingly experimented with social technologies and interactive pedagogies, the concept of a "course" has been significantly challenged. In particular, questions have arisen as to the key value of the course in the educational system. The numerous high-profile open courseware initiatives from elite…

Cormier, Dave; Siemens, George

2010-01-01

214

Open Data, Open Source and Open Standards in chemistry: The Blue Obelisk five years on  

E-print Network

) will be satisfactory or whether a hybrid system based on name-value pairs (e.g. CouchDB, MongoDB) will be sufficient. Collaboration and interoperability One of the successes of the Blue Obelisk has been to bring developers together from different Open Source chemistry...

O'Boyle, Noel M; Guha, Rajarshi; Willighagen, Egon L; Adams, Samuel E; Alvarsson, Jonathan; Apodaca, Richard L; Bradley, Jean-Claude; Filippov, Igor V; Hanson, Robert M; Hanwell, Marcus D; Hutchison, Geoffrey R; James, Craig A; Jeliazkova, Nina; Lang, Andrew S I D; Langner, Karol M; Lonie, David C; Lowe, Daniel M; Pansanel, Jerome; Pavlov, Dmitry; Spjuth, Ola; Steinbeck, Christoph; Tenderholt, Adam L; Theisen, Kevin J; Murray-Rust, Peter

2011-06-04

215

Previous Open Rotor Research in the US  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Previous Open Rotor noise experience in the United States, current Open Rotor noise research in the United States and current NASA prediction methods activities were presented at a European Union (EU) X-Noise seminar. The invited attendees from EU industries, research establishments and universities discussed prospects for reducing Open Rotor noise and reviewed all technology programs, past and present, dedicated to Open Rotor engine concepts. This workshop was particularly timely because the Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP) plans to involve Independent Experts in late 2011 in assessing the noise of future low-carbon technologies including the open rotor.

VanZante, Dale

2011-01-01

216

2005, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 2005, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. OGC Web Services: IntegratingOGC Web Services: Integrating  

E-print Network

analysis is not required ­ Data suitability analysis · Cloud cover · Resolution adequate for use · Public Open GIS ® WMS?Why Open GIS ® WMS? · Industry open consensus standard ­ Not dominated by any one vendor was provided by NASA #12;© 2005, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. 7OGC Why Open GIS ® WMS?, ContinuedWhy Open

217

OpenRIMS: an open architecture radiology informatics Management system.  

PubMed

The following are benefits of an integrated picture archiving and communication system/radiology information system archive built with open-source tools and methods: open source, inexpensive interfaces can be updated as needed, and reduced risk of redundant and inconsistent data. Also, wide adoption would promote standard data mining tools, reducing user needs to learn multiple methods to perform the same task. A model has been constructed capable of accepting orders, performing exam resource scheduling, providing Digital communications in Medicine (DICOM) work list information to modalities, archiving studies, and supporting DICOM query/retrieve from third-party viewing software. The multitiered architecture uses a single database communicating via an open database connectivity bridge to a Linux server with Health Level 7 (HL7), DICOM, and HTTP connections. Human interaction is supported via a browser, whereas other informatics systems communicate over the HL7 and DICOM links. The system is still under development, but the primary database schema is complete, as are key pieces of the Web user interface. Additional work is needed on the DICOM/HL7 interface broker and completion of the base DICOM service classes. PMID:12105742

Langer, Steve G

2002-01-01

218

Open Source and Open Access Resources for Quantum Physics Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Quantum mechanics is both a topic of great importance to modern science, engineering, and technology, and a topic with many inherent barriers to learning and understanding. Computational resources are vital tools for developing deep conceptual understanding of quantum systems for students new to the subject. This article outlines two projects that are taking an open source/open access approach to create and share teaching and learning resources for quantum physics. The Open Source Physics project provides program libraries, programming tools, example simulations, and pedagogical resources for instructors wishing to give a rich experience to their students. These simulations and student activities are, in turn, being integrated into a world?wide collection of teaching and learning resources available through the Quantum Exchange, a part of the ComPADRE Portal to the National Science Digital Library. Both of these projects use technologies that encourage community development and collaboration. Using these tools, faculty can create learning experiences, share and discuss their content with others, and combine resources in new ways. Examples of the available content and tools are given, along with an introduction to accessing and using these resources.

Belloni, Mario; Christian, Wolfgang; Mason, Bruce

2008-04-28

219

Improved Open Photoacoustic Helmholtz Cell  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the design of an open photoacoustic Helmholtz cell in which high acoustic volumes with quarter-wave ducts act as high-impedance separators between the main Helmholtz cell structure and the exterior. As a result, penetration of the external acoustic noise into the cell was substantially reduced in comparison to earlier open Helmholtz cell designs. Although the presented cell is not windowless, the photoacoustic background signal resulting from the absorption of the light by the windows is significantly lower in comparison to standard Helmholtz cells. Such an effect was obtained by locating the windows not at the relatively small sample cavity, but at the acoustic buffers, for which the volumes are two orders of magnitude higher. The proposed cell is dedicated for gas or liquid measurements, and its design allows for constant flow of the fluid. Hence, it can be used in continuous, real-time photoacoustic measurements.

Starecki, Tomasz; Geras, Antonina

2014-11-01

220

Plasma opening switch conduction scaling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plasma opening switch (POS) experiments performed on the Hawk generator [Commisso et al., Phys. Fluids B 4, 2368 (1992)] (750 kA, 1.2 ?s) determine the dependence of the conduction current and conduction time on plasma density, electrode dimensions, and current rise rate. The experiments indicate that for a range of parameters, conduction is controlled by magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) distortion of the plasma, resulting in a low density region where opening can occur, possibly by erosion. The MHD distortion corresponds to an axial translation of the plasma center-of-mass by half the initial plasma length, leading to a simple scaling relation between the conduction current and time, and the injected plasma density and POS electrode dimensions that is applicable to a large number of POS experiments. For smaller currents and conduction times, the Hawk data suggest a non-MHD conduction limit that may correspond to electromagnetohydrodynamic (EMH) field penetration through the POS plasma.

Weber, B. V.; Commisso, R. J.; Goodrich, P. J.; Grossmann, J. M.; Hinshelwood, D. D.; Ottinger, P. F.; Swanekamp, S. B.

1995-10-01

221

Limits to Open Class Performance?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation discusses open or unlimited class aircraft performance limitations and design solutions. Limitations in this class of aircraft include slow climbing flight which requires low wing loading, high cruise speed which requires high wing loading, gains in induced or viscous drag alone which result in only half the gain overall and other structural problems (yaw inertia and spins, flutter and static loads integrity). Design solutions include introducing minimum induced drag for a given span (elliptical span load or winglets) and introducing minimum induced drag for a bell shaped span load. It is concluded that open class performance limits (under current rules and technologies) is very close to absolute limits, though some gains remain to be made from unexplored areas and new technologies.

Bowers, Albion H.

2008-01-01

222

Open Studio: The Arts Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Open Studio: The Arts Online, an extensive network of technology training resources, provides artists and nonprofit arts organizations with Web-based tools and models to enhance online publication, communication, and creative expression. Recently relaunched by the Benton Foundation and the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), the Open Studio Website features a directory of connections to regional training and public access sites nationwide. In addition, the Website includes a Toolkit, Digital Canvas, and moderated discussion lists. The Toolkit offers a collection of online training curricula, tutorials, and materials. Digital Canvas is a new electronic magazine devoted to communication technology and the arts. And in the Join the Discussion section, several public fora permit participants to share "lessons learned and best practices" related to the use of the Internet in an artistic, educational environment. Note: users must establish a free user ID and password to participate in the discussions.

1999-01-01

223

An explosive opening superconducting switch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A superconducting YBCO tube was tested as an opening switch to demonstrate novel switching concepts for inductive energy storage. The tube was connected in series with a 1.2-mH inductor and a 4800 micro-F capacitor bank which was charged to a predetermined level and discharged through the circuit. No measurable dissipation was observed for test discharges of 8-ms duration, with maximum pulse amplitude increasing for each test while the YBCO was superconducting at 77 K. At the highest current pulse maximum of 95 A, the switch was opened by exploding a short length of detonating cord inserted into the center of the tube. The current decreased to zero, and the voltage increased to maximum in approximately 160 microsec, resulting in a voltage gain of over 25 for current commutation purposes. The data indicate that high-Tc ceramic materials have potential in this application.

Francavilla, T. L.; Ford, R. D.; Lupton, W. H.; Alford, N. Mcn.; Saunders, C. S.

1991-03-01

224

Inside the WGBH Open Vault  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Crack open the WGBH Open Vault and what will you find? Just a host of wonderful radio and television programs from this celebrated Boston icon. WGBH has been producing high quality programming for decades and in this treasure trove visitors can watch Julia Child in France, learn about well-known legislator Elaine Noble, and listen to Dick Dale talk about the origins of surf guitar music. The site can be browsed at oneâÂÂs leisure or searched via an embedded search toolbar on the top of the page. This is an amazing collection for anyone, and it's easy to see how the clips and talks here could be used in a range of educational settings and so on. Additionally, most materials here can be shared easily via a range of social media.

2014-03-14

225

Increased security through open source  

E-print Network

In this paper we discuss the impact of open source on both the security and transparency of a software system. We focus on the more technical aspects of this issue, combining and extending arguments developed over the years. We stress that our discussion of the problem only applies to software for general purpose computing systems. For embedded systems, where the software usually cannot easily be patched or upgraded, different considerations may apply.

Jaap-Henk Hoepman; Bart Jacobs

2008-01-25

226

Open geometry improves demister performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The operation of a flue-gas-desulfurization system and control of flue-gas emission levels depends on good demister performance. The most-common demister problem is slurry accumulation on the surfaces, but the ideal element will address this and several design criteria. The proposed design consists of two demister banks in series with open-geometry chevrons to intercept large droplets where they will be easy

Kline

1980-01-01

227

Towards printable open air microfluidics.  

SciTech Connect

We have demonstrated a novel microfluidic technique for aqueous media, which uses super-hydrophobic materials to create microfluidic channels that are open to the atmosphere. We have demonstrated the ability to perform traditional electrokinetic operations such as ionic separations and electrophoresis using these devices. The rate of evaporation was studied and found to increase with decreasing channel size, which places a limitation on the minimum size of channel that could be used for such a device.

Collord, Andrew; Cook, Adam W.; Clem, Paul Gilbert; Fenton, Kyle Ross (University of New Mexico); Apblett, Christopher Alan; Branson, Eric D.

2010-04-01

228

Open-Ended Math Problems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An eight-month slate of open-ended problems for middle school students to solve in preparation for standardized testing. The authors have composed and selected problems that lend themselves to multiple solution paths, and then organized them into three levels of difficulty and the five strands from the Philadelphia math standards: number theory; measurement; geometry; patterns, algebra, and functions; data, statistics, and probability. Possible answers and rubrics for assessment available.

Math Forum

2000-01-01

229

Open-Economy Inflation Targeting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines inflation targeting in a small open economy with forward-looking aggregate supply and demand with microfoundations, and with stylised realistic lags in the different monetary-policy transmission channels. The paper compares strict and flexible targeting of CPI and domestic inflation and inflation-targeting reaction functions and the Taylor rule. Flexible CPI-inflation targeting does not only limit the variability of CPI

Lars E. O. Svensson

1998-01-01

230

Open-economy inflation targeting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines inflation targeting in a small open economy with forward-looking aggregate supply and demand with microfoundations, and with stylized realistic lags in the different monetary-policy transmission channels. The paper compares strict and flexible targeting of CPI and domestic inflation, and inflation-targeting reaction functions and the Taylor rule. Flexible CPI-inflation targeting does not limit the variability of CPI inflation

Lars E. O. Svensson

2000-01-01

231

Ultimate open pit stochastic optimization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Classical open pit optimization (maximum closure problem) is made on block estimates, without directly considering the block grades uncertainty. We propose an alternative approach of stochastic optimization. The stochastic optimization is taken as the optimal pit computed on the block expected profits, rather than expected grades, computed from a series of conditional simulations. The stochastic optimization generates, by construction, larger ore and waste tonnages than the classical optimization. Contrary to the classical approach, the stochastic optimization is conditionally unbiased for the realized profit given the predicted profit. A series of simulated deposits with different variograms are used to compare the stochastic approach, the classical approach and the simulated approach that maximizes expected profit among simulated designs. Profits obtained with the stochastic optimization are generally larger than the classical or simulated pit. The main factor controlling the relative gain of stochastic optimization compared to classical approach and simulated pit is shown to be the information level as measured by the boreholes spacing/range ratio. The relative gains of the stochastic approach over the classical approach increase with the treatment costs but decrease with mining costs. The relative gains of the stochastic approach over the simulated pit approach increase both with the treatment and mining costs. At early stages of an open pit project, when uncertainty is large, the stochastic optimization approach appears preferable to the classical approach or the simulated pit approach for fair comparison of the values of alternative projects and for the initial design and planning of the open pit.

Marcotte, Denis; Caron, Josiane

2013-02-01

232

Open magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners.  

PubMed

(1) In most MRI scanners, the patient examination table fits inside a long cylindrical tube. Large patients cannot be accommodated, and some persons experience claustrophobic reactions. Open MRI systems, in which the patient is placed between two plates, overcome these disadvantages. (2) Open MRI scanners are widely used in health care. High-field closed MRI systems are preferred for many examinations. (3) Early versions of open MRI scanners had low magnetic field strength, gave poorer image quality than most closed systems, and required longer examination times. Newer open scanners include machines with higher magnetic field strengths and improved image quality. (4) Closed high magnetic field scanners with short magnets and wide bore tubes offer improved comfort to patients, and may be an alternative to open scanners. (5) There is interest in using open systems for intra-operative and image-guided interventions. PMID:17086657

Hailey, D

2006-11-01

233

Donation of municipal open space in Texas  

E-print Network

Sources of Open Space Donations . Incentives for Open Space Donations- Review of the Literature Objectives Delimitations of the Study Organization of the Remainder of the Thesis CHAPTER II STATEMENT OF PROCEDURE Population Identification Survey... involved com- paring open space holdings of park and recreation depart- ments, as of their date of organization, and on December 31, 1972, to the N. R. P. A. (1966) Standard of 10 acres/1000 population, in order to examine their progress towards...

Buzzingham, Donald

1978-01-01

234

Automatic Multilevel Parallelization Using OpenMP  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper we describe the extension of the CAPO (CAPtools (Computer Aided Parallelization Toolkit) OpenMP) parallelization support tool to support multilevel parallelism based on OpenMP directives. CAPO generates OpenMP directives with extensions supported by the NanosCompiler to allow for directive nesting and definition of thread groups. We report some results for several benchmark codes and one full application that have been parallelized using our system.

Jin, Hao-Qiang; Jost, Gabriele; Yan, Jerry; Ayguade, Eduard; Gonzalez, Marc; Martorell, Xavier; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

235

OpenMP on networks of workstations  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an implementation of a sizable subset of OpenMP on networks of workstations (NOWs). By extending the availability of OpenMP to NOWs, we overcome one of its primary drawbacks compared to MPI, namely lack of portability to environments other than hardware shared memory machines. In order to support OpenMP execution on NOWs, our compiler targets a software distributed shared

Honghui Lu; Y. Charlie Hu; Willy Zwaenepoel

1998-01-01

236

Free for All: Open Source Software  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open source software has become a catchword in libraryland. Yet many remain unclear about open source's benefits--or even what it is. So what is open source software (OSS)? It's software that is free in every sense of the word: free to download, free to use, and free to view or modify. Most OSS is distributed on the Web and one doesn't need to…

Schneider, Karen

2008-01-01

237

Open fractures of the foot and ankle.  

PubMed

Open fractures of the lower extremity cover a wide gamut of injuries ranging from the mangled, pulseless leg necessitating amputation to the more innocuous pinhole open wounds associated with simple fracture patterns. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate care can make a dramatic difference in decreasing complication rates and improving ultimate outcomes. Principles of management of open fractures have been created with the main goal of decreasing infection rates, while providing for stabilization of the bone and soft tissue injury. PMID:25281509

Sexton, Scott E

2014-10-01

238

OpenEI: Datasets in the OpenEnergyInfo Data Repository  

DOE Data Explorer

The Open Energy Information initiative (OpenEI) is a platform to connect the world's energy data. It is a linked open data platform bringing together energy information to provide improved analyses, unique visualizations, and real-time access to data. OpenEI follows guidelines set by the White House Open Government Initiative , which is focused on transparency, collaboration, and participation. OpenEI strives to provide open access to this energy information, with the ultimate goal of spurring creativity and driving innovation in the energy sector.[Copied from the OpenEI Wiki main page]. It features a wiki, a blog, a list of information gateways, and a browsing list of deposited data sets.

239

OpenRIMS: an open architecture radiology informatics management system.  

PubMed

The benefits of an integrated picture archiving and communication system/radiology information system (PACS/RIS) archive built with open source tools and methods are 2-fold. Open source permits an inexpensive development model where interfaces can be updated as needed, and the code is peer reviewed by many eyes (analogous to the scientific model). Integration of PACS/RIS functionality reduces the risk of inconsistent data by reducing interfaces among databases that contain largely redundant information. Also, wide adoption would promote standard data mining tools--reducing user needs to learn multiple methods to perform the same task. A model has been constructed capable of accepting HL7 orders, performing examination and resource scheduling, providing digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) worklist information to modalities, archiving studies, and supporting DICOM query/retrieve from third party viewing software. The multitiered architecture uses a single database communicating via an ODBC bridge to a Linux server with HL7, DICOM, and HTTP connections. Human interaction is supported via a web browser, whereas automated informatics services communicate over the HL7 and DICOM links. The system is still under development, but the primary database schema is complete as well as key pieces of the web user interface. Additional work is needed on the DICOM/HL7 interface broker and completion of the base DICOM service classes. PMID:12297975

Langer, Steve

2002-06-01

240

Weather forecasting with open source software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To forecast the weather situation during aircraft-based atmospheric field campaigns, we employ a tool chain of existing and self-developed open source software tools and open standards. Of particular value are the Python programming language with its extension libraries NumPy, SciPy, PyQt4, Matplotlib and the basemap toolkit, the NetCDF standard with the Climate and Forecast (CF) Metadata conventions, and the Open Geospatial Consortium Web Map Service standard. These open source libraries and open standards helped to implement the "Mission Support System", a Web Map Service based tool to support weather forecasting and flight planning during field campaigns. The tool has been implemented in Python and has also been released as open source (Rautenhaus et al., Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 55-71, 2012). In this presentation we discuss the usage of free and open source software for weather forecasting in the context of research flight planning, and highlight how the field campaign work benefits from using open source tools and open standards.

Rautenhaus, Marc; Dörnbrack, Andreas

2013-04-01

241

Flat connections in open string mirror symmetry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study a flat connection defined on the open-closed deformation space of open string mirror symmetry for type II compactifications on Calabi-Yau threefolds with D-branes. We use flatness and integrability conditions to define distinguished flat coordinates and the superpotential function at an arbitrary point in the open-closed deformation space. Integrability conditions are given for concrete deformation spaces with several closed and open string deformations. We study explicit examples for expansions around different limit points, including orbifold Gromov-Witten invariants, and brane configurations with several brane moduli. In particular, the latter case covers stacks of parallel branes with non-Abelian symmetry.

Alim, Murad; Hecht, Michael; Jockers, Hans; Mayr, Peter; Mertens, Adrian; Soroush, Masoud

2012-06-01

242

Open PHACTS: semantic interoperability for drug discovery.  

PubMed

Open PHACTS is a public-private partnership between academia, publishers, small and medium sized enterprises and pharmaceutical companies. The goal of the project is to deliver and sustain an 'open pharmacological space' using and enhancing state-of-the-art semantic web standards and technologies. It is focused on practical and robust applications to solve specific questions in drug discovery research. OPS is intended to facilitate improvements in drug discovery in academia and industry and to support open innovation and in-house non-public drug discovery research. This paper lays out the challenges and how the Open PHACTS project is hoping to address these challenges technically and socially. PMID:22683805

Williams, Antony J; Harland, Lee; Groth, Paul; Pettifer, Stephen; Chichester, Christine; Willighagen, Egon L; Evelo, Chris T; Blomberg, Niklas; Ecker, Gerhard; Goble, Carole; Mons, Barend

2012-11-01

243

The OpenMP Memory Model  

SciTech Connect

The memory model of OpenMP has been widely misunderstood since the first OpenMP specification was published in 1997 (Fortran 1.0). The proposed OpenMP specification (version 2.5) includes a memory model section to address this issue. This section unifies and clarifies the text about the use of memory in all previous specifications, and relates the model to well-known memory consistency semantics. In this paper, we discuss the memory model and show its implications for future distributed shared memory implementations of OpenMP.

Hoeflinger, J P; de Supinski, B R

2005-06-01

244

An open laboratory automatic management system based on RFID  

Microsoft Academic Search

Open laboratories have great significance in university's education of science and technology, because it is difficult to manage open laboratories, basically many universities don't set up or seldom set up open laboratories. Combined with RFID technology, this paper discusses a kind of open laboratory management system suitable for electronic specialty. This system can realize open laboratory automatic management, doesn't need

Lu Ang; Fan Ying; Guan Zong qi

2010-01-01

245

Open-Ended Math Problems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is for the specific purpose of preparing Middle School students for OPEN-ENDED problem solving on standardized tests. Each month there are problems dealing with number theory, measurement, geometry, patterns, algebra and functions, and data, statistics, and probability. There are three levels of difficulty for each area and each problem has more than one way to solve it. Students can answer problems using a picture, diagram, or paragraph where they explain their solution and how they found it. Included is a rubric for assessment and possible answers.

Gwenn Holtz

2007-12-12

246

Groin hernia repair: open techniques.  

PubMed

Since the introduction of the Bassini method in 1887, more than 70 types of pure tissue repair have been reported in the surgical literature. An unacceptable recurrence rate and prolonged postoperative pain and recovery time after tissue repair along with our understanding of the metabolic origin of inguinal hernias led to the concept of tension-free hernioplasty with mesh. Currently, the main categories of inguinal hernia repair are the open repairs and the laparoscopic repairs. In the open category, repair of the hernia is achieved by pure tissue approximation or by tension-free mesh repair. The most commonly performed tissue repairs are those of Bassini, Shouldice, and to a lesser extent McVay. In the tension-free mesh repair category, the mesh is placed in front of the transversalis fascia, such as with the Lichtenstein tension-free hernioplasty, or behind the transversalis fascia in the preperitoneal space, such as during the Nyhus, Rives, Read, Stoppa, Wantz, and Kugel procedures. Numerous comparative randomized trials have clearly demonstrated the superiority of the tension-free mesh repair over the traditional tissue approximation method. Placing mesh behind the transversalis fascia, although a sound concept, requires extensive dissection in the highly complex preperitoneal space and can lead to injury of the pelvic structures, major hematoma formation, or both. In addition, according to the prospective randomized comparative study of mesh placement in front of versus behind the transversalis fascia, the latter offers no advantage over the former, and it is more difficult to perform, learn, and teach. More importantly, preperitoneal mesh implantation (via open and laparoscopic procedure) leads to obliteration of the spaces of Retzius and Bogros, making certain vascular and urologic procedures, in particular radical prostatectomy and lymph node dissection, extremely difficult if not impossible. In conclusion, according to level A evidence from randomized comparative studies, (1) mesh repair is superior to pure tissue approximation repairs, and (2) mesh implantation in front of the transversalis fascia is superior, safer, and easier than open or laparoscopic mesh implantation behind the transversalis fascia. PMID:15983714

Amid, Parviz K

2005-08-01

247

Open Mind Animals: Insuring the quality of data openly contributed over the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the Open Mind Initiative, a frame- work for building intelligent systems collabora- tively over the internet, and focus on one of its simpler component projects, Open Mind Animals. The Initiative extends traditional open source de- velopment methods by allowing non-expert neti- zens to contribute informal data over the inter- net. Such data is used to train classifiers or

David G. Stork; Chuck P. Lam

248

Crystallography Open Database (COD): an open-access collection of crystal structures  

E-print Network

Crystallography Open Database (COD): an open-access collection of crystal structures and platform, the Crystallography Open Database (COD, http://www .crystallography.net) collects all known `small molecule / small, the COD has aggregated 150 000 structures, offering basic search capabilities and the possibility

Downs, Robert T.

249

OpenPEOPLE D2.8 Ergonomic Page 1/37 Open Power and Energy Optimization Platform and Estimator  

E-print Network

OpenPEOPLE D2.8­ Ergonomic Page 1/37 OpenPEOPLE Open Power and Energy Optimization Platform and Estimator Internal Deliverable 2.8 Ergonomics Document Manager Contributors Checked by Name Jonathan PONROY ergonomic for the OpenPEOPLE software platform. inria-00624000,version1-16Sep2011 #12;OpenPEOPLE D2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

Differential Open Photoacoustic Helmholtz Cell  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are very few designs of the open photoacoustic Helmholtz cells, and most of them exhibit very strong penetration of the external acoustic noise inside the cell. So far the best values of external acoustic noise suppression obtained in such cells were reported at the level of about 40 dB to 50 dB. This paper presents an open photoacoustic Helmholtz cell design with a differential signal detection. Both Helmholtz resonator cavities are equipped with microphones and connected with the exterior via duct-buffer-duct structures. The length and diameter of the ducts as well as volume of the acoustic buffers are selected in such a way that the acoustic impedance of the duct-buffer-duct structure at the frequency of light modulation is relatively high. As a result, the resonance of the cell is not damped, while penetration of the external acoustic noise inside the cell is strongly reduced. Preliminary analysis predicts attenuation of the external acoustic noise at the resonance frequency of the cell with a single microphone to be at the level of at least 60 dB. Additional rejection of the external acoustic noise can be obtained with differential detection, which simultaneously doubles the photoacoustic signal component; as in the Helmholtz resonator, pressure changes in the cavities are in counterphase.

Starecki, Tomasz; Geras, Antonina

2014-12-01

251

Java based open architecture controller  

SciTech Connect

At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) the authors have been developing an open architecture machine tool controller. This work has been patterned after the General Motors (GM) led Open Modular Architecture Controller (OMAC) work, where they have been involved since its inception. The OMAC work has centered on creating sets of implementation neutral application programming interfaces (APIs) for machine control software components. In the work at LLNL, they were among the early adopters of the Java programming language. As an application programming language, it is particularly well suited for component software development. The language contains many features, which along with a well-defined implementation API (such as the OMAC APIs) allows third party binary files to be integrated into a working system. Because of its interpreted nature, Java allows rapid integration testing of components. However, for real-time systems development, the Java programming language presents many drawbacks. For instance, lack of well defined scheduling semantics and threading behavior can present many unwanted challenges. Also, the interpreted nature of the standard Java Virtual Machine (JVM) presents an immediate performance hit. Various real-time Java vendors are currently addressing some of these drawbacks. The various pluses and minuses of using the Java programming language and environment, with regard to a component-based controller, will be outlined.

Weinert, G F

2000-01-13

252

The HYPE Open Source Community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hydrological Predictions for the Environment (HYPE) model is a dynamic, semi-distributed, process-based, integrated catchment model. It uses well-known hydrological and nutrient transport concepts and can be applied for both small and large scale assessments of water resources and status. In the model, the landscape is divided into classes according to soil type, vegetation and altitude. The soil representation is stratified and can be divided in up to three layers. Water and substances are routed through the same flow paths and storages (snow, soil, groundwater, streams, rivers, lakes) considering turn-over and transformation on the way towards the sea. HYPE has been successfully used in many hydrological applications at SMHI. For Europe, we currently have three different models; The S-HYPE model for Sweden; The BALT-HYPE model for the Baltic Sea; and the E-HYPE model for the whole Europe. These models simulate hydrological conditions and nutrients for their respective areas and are used for characterization, forecasts, and scenario analyses. Model data can be downloaded from hypeweb.smhi.se. In addition, we provide models for the Arctic region, the Arab (Middle East and Northern Africa) region, India, the Niger River basin, the La Plata Basin. This demonstrates the applicability of the HYPE model for large scale modeling in different regions of the world. An important goal with our work is to make our data and tools available as open data and services. For this aim we created the HYPE Open Source Community (OSC) that makes the source code of HYPE available for anyone interested in further development of HYPE. The HYPE OSC (hype.sourceforge.net) is an open source initiative under the Lesser GNU Public License taken by SMHI to strengthen international collaboration in hydrological modeling and hydrological data production. The hypothesis is that more brains and more testing will result in better models and better code. The code is transparent and can be changed and learnt from. New versions of the main code are delivered frequently. HYPE OSC is open to everyone interested in hydrology, hydrological modeling and code development - e.g. scientists, authorities, and consultancies. By joining the HYPE OSC you get access a state-of-the-art operational hydrological model. The HYPE source code is designed to efficiently handle large scale modeling for forecast, hindcast and climate applications. The code is under constant development to improve the hydrological processes, efficiency and readability. In the beginning of 2013 we released a version with new and better modularization based on hydrological processes. This will make the code easier to understand and further develop for a new user. An important challenge in this process is to produce code that is easy for anyone to understand and work with, but still maintain the properties that make the code efficient enough for large scale applications. Input from the HYPE Open Source Community is an important source for future improvements of the HYPE model. Therefore, by joining the community you become an active part of the development, get access to the latest features and can influence future versions of the model.

Strömbäck, L.; Pers, C.; Isberg, K.; Nyström, K.; Arheimer, B.

2013-12-01

253

46 CFR 308.511 - Cancellation of Open Cargo Policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Cancellation of Open Cargo Policy. 308.511 Section 308...EMERGENCY OPERATIONS WAR RISK INSURANCE War Risk Cargo Insurance Ii-Open Policy War Risk Cargo Insurance...Cancellation of Open Cargo Policy. An assured may...

2010-10-01

254

10 CFR 1045.6 - Openness Advisory Panel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Openness Advisory Panel. 1045.6 Section 1045...Data Classification System § 1045.6 Openness Advisory Panel. The DOE shall maintain an Openness Advisory Panel, in accordance...

2010-01-01

255

24 CFR 203.270 - Open-end insurance charges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Open-end insurance charges. 203.270 Section... Contract Rights and Obligations Open-End Insurance Charges-All Mortgages § 203.270 Open-end insurance charges. (a) Required...

2010-04-01

256

24 CFR 203.270 - Open-end insurance charges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Open-end insurance charges. 203.270 Section... Contract Rights and Obligations Open-End Insurance Charges-All Mortgages § 203.270 Open-end insurance charges. (a) Required...

2011-04-01

257

49 CFR 195.438 - Smoking or open flames.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Smoking or open flames. 195.438 Section 195...Operation and Maintenance § 195.438 Smoking or open flames. Each operator shall prohibit smoking and open flames in each pump station...

2010-10-01

258

49 CFR 195.438 - Smoking or open flames.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Smoking or open flames. 195.438 Section 195...Operation and Maintenance § 195.438 Smoking or open flames. Each operator shall prohibit smoking and open flames in each pump station...

2011-10-01

259

75 FR 1418 - Implementation of Open Government Directive  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2010-0003] Implementation of Open Government Directive AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...Budget's (OMB) December 8, 2009, Open Government Directive, which helps to implement...Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government, the Nuclear Regulatory...

2010-01-11

260

75 FR 22165 - Publication of Open Government Directive  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PROTECTION BOARD Publication of Open Government Directive AGENCY: U.S. Merit Systems...MSPB or Board) published MSPB's Open Government Plan pursuant to direction set forth...Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government, and the Office of Management and...

2010-04-27

261

75 FR 6063 - Availability of NRC Open Government Web Site  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2010-0003] Availability of NRC Open Government Web Site AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission...Notice of Availability of Open Government Web site for Online Public Comments...Regulatory Commission's (NRC) Open Government Web site...

2010-02-05

262

VIEW FACING EAST LOOKING DOWN FROM OPEN HEARTH TAPPING FLOOR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW FACING EAST LOOKING DOWN FROM OPEN HEARTH TAPPING FLOOR AREA, NOTE FOUNDATIONS OF OPEN HEARTH FURNACES. - Pittsburgh Steel Company, Monessen Works, Open Hearth Plant, Donner Avenue, Monessen, Westmoreland County, PA

263

New product development methods : a study of open design  

E-print Network

This thesis explores the application of open design to the process of developing physical products. Open design is a type of decentralized innovation that is derived from applying principles of open source software and ...

Smith, Ariadne G. (Ariadne Geneviève)

2012-01-01

264

36 CFR 1004.14 - Open container of alcoholic beverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Open container of alcoholic beverage. 1004.14 Section 1004.14 ...1004.14 Open container of alcoholic beverage. (a) Each person within a...other receptacle containing an alcoholic beverage that is open, or has been...

2010-07-01

265

36 CFR 4.14 - Open container of alcoholic beverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Open container of alcoholic beverage. 4.14 Section 4.14 Parks...4.14 Open container of alcoholic beverage. (a) Each person within a...other receptacle containing an alcoholic beverage that is open, or has been...

2010-07-01

266

A Method for Measuring International Openness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author illustrates a method for measuring international openness by bringing forward some examples. The index proposed measures the capacity of countries for a given phenomenon, adjusted for their weight in the phenomena concerned. In this study, the Index is applied to measure the degree of openness to international migration in a number of…

Ferrieri, Gaetano

2006-01-01

267

Open Learning Materials and Learning Centres.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The availability and nature of open learning materials and centers in Great Britain were examined in a study that focused on the following: the open learning market; learning materials; commercial suppliers; basic skills materials; information technology materials; online learning; information technology and tutors; qualifications; prices;…

Clarke, Alan; Walmsley, Joyce

268

Electromagnetic scattering by perfectly conducting open surfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behavior of simple layer potentials and their spatial derivatives near the edge of an open surface is analyzed. Conditions are determined on the surface geometry and on the density distributions for which the potentials have locally finite energy. These results are applied to the formulation problems of electromagnetic scattering from open surface as integral equations. It is shown that

J. S. Asvestas

1977-01-01

269

The minimal incision for open thyroidectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Thyroid surgery is subjective to certain variables; these include dimensions of the patient’s neck, the size of the gland and the extent of the resection. There is little consensus as to the optimal length of incision for open thyroid surgery. In the advent of emerging endoscopic thyriodectomy techniques, our institution examined the minimal dimensions of open thyroidectomy incisions, which

Ian S. Miller; Mark Rafferty; Joseph Hughes; Conrad A. Timon

2004-01-01

270

Open and Free Cluster for Public  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce the LIPI Public Cluster, the first parallel machine facility fully open for public and for free in Indonesia and surrounding countries. in this paper, we focus on explaining our globally new concept on open cluster, and how to realize and manage it to meet the users needs. We show that after 2 years trial running and several upgradings,

Z. Akbar; Slamet; B. I. Ajinagoro; G. I. Ohara; I. Firmansyah; B. Hermanto; L. T. Handoko

2007-01-01

271

Laparoscopic vs. open abdominoperineal resection for cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection and open abdominoperineal resection for cancer. METHODS: Records of 194 patients who underwent laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (42 patients) or open abdominoperineal resection (152 patients) at three institutions between 1991 and 1997 were reviewed. Follow-up was through office charts, American College of Surgeons cancer

James W. Fleshman; Steven D. Wexner; Mehran Anvari; Jean-Francois LaTulippe; Elisa H. Birnbaum; Ira J. Kodner; Thomas E. Read; Juan J. Nogueras; Eric G. Weiss

1999-01-01

272

Handling Biological Materials on the Open Bench  

E-print Network

biological materials should only be manipulated in a biological safety cabinet. Do you know where yoursHandling Biological Materials on the Open Bench Biological Safety General Biosafety Practices (GBP) Why You Should Care Many biological materials can be safely manipulated on the open bench; other

Pawlowski, Wojtek

273

Open Nested Transactions: Semantics and Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe semantics for serializable (safe) open nested transactions. Given these semantics, we then suggest hardware necessary to support them directly. We further consider some useful, but not seri- alizable, applications for open nesting, and their hardware implications. We focus primarily on linear nesting, which we previously argued to be more amenable to hardware support than the general case. I.

J. Eliot B. Moss

2006-01-01

274

Open Access Journals in College Library Collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students and scholars can take full advantage of Open Access journals only if libraries make them available through mechanisms that are familiar to patrons. This study examines the extent to which American liberal arts colleges have provided access to Open Access journals through their journal title lists (Serials Solutions, Ex Libris, etc.) and their online public access catalogs (OPACs). While

Cheryl S. Collins; William H. Walters

2010-01-01

275

CONNECTICUT MUNICIPAL AND PRIVATE OPEN SPACE  

EPA Science Inventory

This is a 1:24,000-scale datalayer of property owned by Connecticut municipalities and private organizations for the purpose of preserving open space. It is a polygon Shapefile that primarily includes land conservation trust property, town open space, parks, school playgrounds, ...

276

Bypassing An Open-Circuit Power Cell  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Collection of bypass circuits enables battery consisting series string of cells to continue to function when one of its cells fails in open-circuit (high-resistance) condition. Basic idea simply to shunt current around defective cell to prevent open circuit from turning off battery altogether. Bypass circuits dissipate little power and are nearly immune to false activation.

Wannemacher, Harry E.

1994-01-01

277

Open and Positive Attitudes toward Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter argues that the most important thing for a nonnative English-speaking teacher is to have an open and positive attitude toward students. A teacher's willingness to work out problems with individual students, coupled with openness to students' ideas and criticism, should help improve students' negative attitudes toward…

Hsu, Chia-Fang

2014-01-01

278

Carnegie Mellon Staff Council Benefits Open Forum  

E-print Network

-268-2047 · HR Connection Password Issues ° HRIT@andrew.cmu.edu #12;Carnegie Mellon Benefits & Fitness FairCarnegie Mellon Staff Council Benefits Open Forum October 28, 2014 #12;Carnegie Mellon Agenda · Introductions · 2015 Benefit Changes · Open Enrollment · Q &A #12;Carnegie Mellon Introductions ­ HR Benefits

Andrews, Peter B.

279

An Open Letter to Premier Wen Jiabao  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is an open letter of a group of early childhood education (ECE) practitioners to Premier Wen Jiabao. This open letter was written with one goal in mind: to ask Premier Wen's government to take measures to protect young children and support early childhood education. These practitioners have become worried about the many accidents that…

Chinese Education and Society, 2008

2008-01-01

280

Open Access Data Takes Center Stage  

Cancer.gov

Posted on February 08, 2012 NCI’s Cancer Bulletin highlight a recent conversation with Drs. Henry Rodriguez and Christopher Kinsinger of OCCPR focusing on Open Data Access in Proteomics. Click here to link to the article. Print This Page Open Access

281

Open-Access Electronic Textbooks: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the challenging economic climate in the United States, many academics are looking to open-access electronic textbooks as a way to provide students with traditional textbook content at a more financially advantageous price. Open access refers to "the free and widely available information throughout the World Wide Web. Once an article's author…

Ovadia, Steven

2011-01-01

282

Dynamic Stability of Open-Loop Hopping  

Microsoft Academic Search

the open-loop hopper considered in this study, the system under- goes changes in its equations of motion due not only to physical events (coming into and out of contact with the ground) but also due to time-based events (activation and deactivation of the open- loop forcing function). In the following sections, we review previ- ous work and present the vertical

Jorge G. Cham; Mark R. Cutkosky

2007-01-01

283

78 FR 11988 - Open Video Systems  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...47 CFR Part 76 [CS Docket No. 96-46, FCC 96-334] Open Video Systems AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION...The final rules modified rules and policies concerning Open Video Systems. DATES: The amendments to 47 CFR 76.1505(d)...

2013-02-21

284

Defining an Open Source Strategy for NASA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the course of the past year, we have worked to help frame a strategy for NASA and open source software. This includes defining information processes to understand open source licensing, attribution, commerciality, redistribution, communities, architectures, and interactions within the agency. Specifically we held a training session at the NASA Earth Science Data Systems Working Group meeting in Open Source software as it relates to the NASA Earth Science data systems enterprise, including EOSDIS, the Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs), ACCESS proposals, and the MEASURES communities, and efforts to understand how open source software can be both consumed and produced within that ecosystem. In addition, we presented at the 1st NASA Open Source Summit (OSS) and helped to define an agency-level strategy, a set of recommendations and paths forward for how to identify healthy open source communities, how to deal with issues such as contributions originating from other agencies, and how to search out talent with the right skills to develop software for NASA in the modern age. This talk will review our current recommendations for open source at NASA, and will cover the set of thirteen recommendations output from the NASA Open Source Summit and discuss some of their implications for the agency.

Mattmann, C. A.; Crichton, D. J.; Lindsay, F.; Berrick, S. W.; Marshall, J. J.; Downs, R. R.

2011-12-01

285

Openness to Experience and stress regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examined the association between Openness to Experience and stress regulation (i.e., stress exposure, reactivity, recovery, and restoration). Seventy-three young adults underwent a laboratory stressor, and physiological and affective reactivity and recovery were examined. Openness was positively associated with reports of greater stress exposure during childhood, but was unrelated to the number of stressors in the past year.

Paula G. Williams; Holly K. Rau; Matthew R. Cribbet; Heather E. Gunn

2009-01-01

286

Fractal Weyl laws for chaotic open systems  

E-print Network

We present a result relating the density of quantum resonances for an open chaotic system to the fractal dimension of the associated classical repeller. The result is supported by numerical computation of the resonances of the system of n disks on a plane. The result generalizes the Weyl law for the density of states of a closed system to chaotic open systems.

W. T. Lu; S. Sridhar; Maciej Zworski

2003-05-30

287

A proposal of an open PET geometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long patient port of a PET scanner tends to put stress on patients, especially patients with claustrophobia. It also prevents doctors and technicians from taking care of patients during scanning. In this paper, we proposed an ‘open PET’ geometry, which consists of two axially separated detector rings. A long and continuous field-of-view (FOV) including a 360 opened gap between

Taiga Yamaya; Taku Inaniwa; Shinichi Minohara; Eiji Yoshida; Naoko Inadama; Fumihiko Nishikido; Kengo Shibuya; Chih Fung Lam; Hideo Murayama

2008-01-01

288

Emerging Leaders: AED's Open World Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Open World Program, funded and administered by the Library of Congress, with support from private organizations such as the Academy for Educational Development (AED). Open World Program allows community colleges to participate by hosting delegations from other countries. Some themes include: environment, women as leaders, economic…

McDonald, Sandra

2003-01-01

289

Opportunity Thinking for Open Innovation innovation?  

E-print Network

Opportunity Thinking for Open Innovation #12;Why open innovation? Copyright © 2012 NewEdge2 #12 technology · More cost effective approaches · Improved speed to market Copyright © 2012 NewEdge3 #12;What is opportunity? Copyright © 2012 NewEdge4 #12;Ob Portu (circa 1400) Market Organization Technologies

Ghosh, Joydeep

290

CAPE-OPEN WITH .NET TRAINING COURSE  

EPA Science Inventory

On March 7, 2007 in Heidelberg, Germany, the CAPE-OPEN Laboratories Network (CO-LaN) is offering a one-day training seminar on implementing CAPE-OPEN compliant process modeling components (PMCs) using .NET-based development tools. This seminar will be geared to component develope...

291

Building flexible groupware through open protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a technical approach to building flexible groupware applications. Flexibility provides the promise of personalizable groupware, allowing different groups to work with the system in diverse ways which best suit the group's own needs. An implementation technique called open protocols is described, which is a variation of client\\/server architectures. Open protocols facilitate the addition of group-specific modules long

Mark Roseman; Saul Greenberg

1993-01-01

292

Potto Project - Open Textbooks in Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Potto Project, which is a community collaborative effort to write quality textbooks for colleges, operates in the spirit of the open-content movement. The open textbooks that are available through the Potto Project include: -Basics of Fluid Mechanics -Gas Dynamics Calculator and -Fundamentals of Compressible Flow Mechanics.

Bar-Meir, Dr. Genick

293

Open Concept School for Indian Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Title III, Elementary and Secondary Education Act, open concept school program has been serving the Ojibway Indian Community for 4 years and has recently been evaluated. Derived from a project evaluation submitted August 19, 1974, this informal report presents comparative data on the open concept and traditional school. Using a "frequency…

Bishop, Robert E.

294

BioMed Central Open Access  

E-print Network

BioMed Central Open Access Page 1 of 15 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Evolutionary. ~88% of species diversity is derived from two relatively recent radiations of freshwater and marine://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/9/194 © 2009 Santini et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article

Harmon, Luke

295

A New Era of Open Access?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a push for open access journals for more than a decade in a higher education and research environment in which the "publish or perish" syndrome is as dominant as ever. This article examines the success, or otherwise, of open access schemes in light of the Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) initiative. It compares the…

Mercieca, Paul; Macauley, Peter

2008-01-01

296

46 CFR 108.455 - Enclosure openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...dampers for closing each opening in the lower portion of the space. (2) Doors, shutters, dampers or temporary means such as canvas or other material normally on board a unit may be used for closing each opening in the upper portion of the...

2010-10-01

297

Open Access and Civic Scientific Information Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: We examine how residents and citizens of The Netherlands perceive open access to acquire preliminary insight into the role it might play in cultivating civic scientific literacy. Open access refers to scientific or scholarly research literature available on the Web to scholars and the general public in free online journals and…

Zuccala, Alesia

2010-01-01

298

PERSPECTIVES Max Planck Institute in Florida Opened  

E-print Network

PERSPECTIVES Max Planck Institute in Florida Opened The Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) was inaugurated in an opening ceremony on December 6, 2012. This is the first Max Planck of Education and Research, and former Governor of Florida Jeb Bush. Max Planck Society President Peter Gruss

299

Teacher Adaptation to Open Learning Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "open classroom" emerged as a reaction against the industrial-era enclosed and authoritarian classroom. Although contemporary school architecture continues to incorporate and express ideas of openness, more research is needed about how teachers adapt to new and different built contexts. Our purpose is to identify teacher reaction to…

Alterator, Scott; Deed, Craig

2013-01-01

300

Open Educational Resources: A Faculty Author's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the coauthor (with Susan Dean) of a formally for-profit and now open (i.e., free on the web) textbook, "Collaborative Statistics," this author has received many questions about open educational resources (OER), which can be summarized as follows: (1) What are OER?; (2) Why do you support, actively promote, and speak about OER?; (3) If a book is…

Illowsky, Barbara

2012-01-01

301

TEXconnect: An Open Communication & Information Infrastructure  

E-print Network

electronic business-to-business commerce along the textile supply chain by providing an open informationTEXconnect: An Open Communication & Information Infrastructure for the Textile Supply Chain P electronic commerce: the lack of interoperability and integration of applications. The project will improve

Baumann, Peter

302

Accelerated IDL using OpenCL  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Interactive Data Language (IDL) is also widely used in this community for data analysis and visualization. Previously, we have developed GPULib, a library of routines in IDL for accelerating common scientific operations including arithmetic, FFTs, interpolation, and other computations using using CUDA-enabled GPUs from NVIDIA. We have now ported portions of this library to OpenCL, making GPU accelerated IDL available on any modern GPU or CPU. Currently, our OpenCL library supports basic array operations and the ability to execute user-defined OpenCL kernels. Use of the open standard OpenCL implemented by several hardware vendors from within GPULib is an exciting prospect with several advantages: 1) OpenCL is an open standard and runs on multiple vendor hardware implementations including for both CPU and GPU hardware, and 2) OpenCL uses runtime compilation of kernels allowing easy construction of custom kernels at runtime (useful for creating user-defined fitting functions) In addition, we have a library of GPU accelerated routines (using CUDA) to perform Levenberg-Marquardt curve fitting. In addition, GPU accelerated LAPACK routines provided by MAGMA and simple ways to access user-written CUDA kernels have also been added to support this library.

Galloy, M. D.; Fillmore, D. W.; Rood, J.

2013-12-01

303

7 Questions to Ask Open Source Vendors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With their budgets under increasing pressure, many campus IT directors are considering open source projects for the first time. On the face of it, the savings can be significant. Commercial emergency-planning software can cost upward of six figures, for example, whereas the open source Kuali Ready might run as little as $15,000 per year when…

Raths, David

2012-01-01

304

Standardization as an Arena for Open Innovation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper argues that anticipatory standardization can be viewed as an arena for open innovation and shows this through two cases from mobile telecommunication standardization. One case is the Android initiative by Google and the Open Handset Alliance, while the second case is the general standardization work of the Open Mobile Alliance. The paper shows how anticipatory standardization intentionally uses inbound and outbound streams of research and intellectual property to create new innovations. This is at the heart of the open innovation model. The standardization activities use both pooling of R&D and the distribution of freely available toolkits to create products and architectures that can be utilized by the participants and third parties to leverage their innovation. The paper shows that the technology being standardized needs to have a systemic nature to be part of an open innovation process.

Grøtnes, Endre

305

Forward field computation with OpenMEEG.  

PubMed

To recover the sources giving rise to electro- and magnetoencephalography in individual measurements, realistic physiological modeling is required, and accurate numerical solutions must be computed. We present OpenMEEG, which solves the electromagnetic forward problem in the quasistatic regime, for head models with piecewise constant conductivity. The core of OpenMEEG consists of the symmetric Boundary Element Method, which is based on an extended Green Representation theorem. OpenMEEG is able to provide lead fields for four different electromagnetic forward problems: Electroencephalography (EEG), Magnetoencephalography (MEG), Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT), and intracranial electric potentials (IPs). OpenMEEG is open source and multiplatform. It can be used from Python and Matlab in conjunction with toolboxes that solve the inverse problem; its integration within FieldTrip is operational since release 2.0. PMID:21437231

Gramfort, Alexandre; Papadopoulo, Théodore; Olivi, Emmanuel; Clerc, Maureen

2011-01-01

306

Forward Field Computation with OpenMEEG  

PubMed Central

To recover the sources giving rise to electro- and magnetoencephalography in individual measurements, realistic physiological modeling is required, and accurate numerical solutions must be computed. We present OpenMEEG, which solves the electromagnetic forward problem in the quasistatic regime, for head models with piecewise constant conductivity. The core of OpenMEEG consists of the symmetric Boundary Element Method, which is based on an extended Green Representation theorem. OpenMEEG is able to provide lead fields for four different electromagnetic forward problems: Electroencephalography (EEG), Magnetoencephalography (MEG), Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT), and intracranial electric potentials (IPs). OpenMEEG is open source and multiplatform. It can be used from Python and Matlab in conjunction with toolboxes that solve the inverse problem; its integration within FieldTrip is operational since release 2.0. PMID:21437231

Gramfort, Alexandre; Papadopoulo, Théodore; Olivi, Emmanuel; Clerc, Maureen

2011-01-01

307

Open inflation in the landscape  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The open inflation scenario is attracting a renewed interest in the context of the string landscape. Since there are a large number of metastable de Sitter vacua in the string landscape, tunneling transitions to lower metastable vacua through the bubble nucleation occur quite naturally, which leads to a natural realization of open inflation. Although the deviation of ?0 from unity is small by the observational bound, we argue that the effect of this small deviation on the large-angle CMB anisotropies can be significant for tensor-type perturbation in the open inflation scenario. We consider the situation in which there is a large hierarchy between the energy scale of the quantum tunneling and that of the slow-roll inflation in the nucleated bubble. If the potential just after tunneling is steep enough, a rapid-roll phase appears before the slow-roll inflation. In this case the power spectrum is basically determined by the Hubble rate during the slow-roll inflation. On the other hand, if such a rapid-roll phase is absent, the power spectrum keeps the memory of the high energy density there in the large angular components. Furthermore, the amplitude of large angular components can be enhanced due to the effects of the wall fluctuation mode if the bubble wall tension is small. Therefore, although even the dominant quadrupole component is suppressed by the factor (1-?0)2, one can construct some models in which the deviation of ?0 from unity is large enough to produce measurable effects. We also consider a more general class of models, where the false vacuum decay may occur due to Hawking-Moss tunneling, as well as the models involving more than one scalar field. We discuss scalar perturbations in these models and point out that a large set of such models is already ruled out by observational data, unless there was a very long stage of slow-roll inflation after the tunneling. These results show that observational data allow us to test various assumptions concerning the structure of the string theory potentials and the duration of the last stage of inflation.

Yamauchi, Daisuke; Linde, Andrei; Naruko, Atsushi; Sasaki, Misao; Tanaka, Takahiro

2011-08-01

308

The Open Ecology Journal, 2012, 5, 45-52 45 1874-2130/12 2012 Bentham Open  

E-print Network

The Open Ecology Journal, 2012, 5, 45-52 45 1874-2130/12 2012 Bentham Open Open Access Genetically conditions (Mulder and Lotz, 2009). Hence it is essential to do ecological risk assessments (ERA) prior

Richner, Heinz

309

Open Architecture SDR for Space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes an open-architecture SDR (software defined radio) infrastructure that is suitable for space-based operations (Space-SDR). SDR technologies will endow space and planetary exploration systems with dramatically increased capability, reduced power consumption, and significantly less mass than conventional systems, at costs reduced by vigorous competition, hardware commonality, dense integration, reduced obsolescence, interoperability, and software re-use. Significant progress has been recorded on developments like the Joint Tactical Radio System (JSTRS) Software Communication Architecture (SCA), which is oriented toward reconfigurable radios for defense forces operating in multiple theaters of engagement. The JTRS-SCA presents a consistent software interface for waveform development, and facilitates interoperability, waveform portability, software re-use, and technology evolution.

Smith, Carl; Long, Chris; Liebetreu, John; Reinhart, Richard C.

2005-01-01

310

Summing Planar Bosonic Open Strings  

SciTech Connect

In earlier work, planar graphs of massless {phi}{sup 3} theory were summed with the help of the light cone world sheet picture and the mean field approximation. In the present article, the same methods are applied to the problem of summing planar bosonic open strings. They find that in the ground state of the system, string boundaries form a condensate on the world sheet, and a new string emerges from this summation. Its slope is always greater than the initial slope, and it remains non-zero even when the initial slope is set equal to zero. If they assume the initial string tends to a field a theory in the zero slope limit, this result provides evidence for string formation in field theory.

Bardakci, Korkut

2006-02-16

311

The LIGO Open Science Center  

E-print Network

The LIGO Open Science Center (LOSC) fulfills LIGO's commitment to release, archive, and serve LIGO data in a broadly accessible way to the scientific community and to the public, and to provide the information and tools necessary to understand and use the data. In August 2014, the LOSC published the full dataset from Initial LIGO's "S5" run at design sensitivity, the first such large-scale release and a valuable testbed to explore the use of LIGO data by non-LIGO researchers and by the public, and to help teach gravitational-wave data analysis to students across the world. In addition to serving the S5 data, the LOSC web portal (losc.ligo.org) now offers documentation, data-location and data-quality queries, tutorials and example code, and more. We review the mission and plans of the LOSC, focusing on the S5 data release.

Michele Vallisneri; Jonah Kanner; Roy Williams; Alan Weinstein; Branson Stephens

2014-10-17

312

Digital Circuits Open Source Textbook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This open source book on WikiBooks will serve as an introduction to Digital Circuits. This book relies heavily on the concepts of Discrete Math, but will not require any previous knowledge of the subject because all necessary math concepts will be developed in the text. This book does assume a knowledge of basic electrical principles such as current, voltage, and resistance, so the reader may want to brush up on their Circuit Theory. The strength of digital technology in any context is fast, easy duplication with no loss of fidelity. In many media, this serves mainly to streamline distribution. While that aspect cannot be completely overlooked, some artistic endeavors, such as animation, are centered on a process of repeated duplication with systematic changes, so that digital tools often become a central part of the creative process.

2011-01-17

313

Bandgap Opening by Patterning Graphene  

PubMed Central

Owing to its remarkable electronic and transport properties, graphene has great potential of replacing silicon for next-generation electronics and optoelectronics; but its zero bandgap associated with Dirac fermions prevents such applications. Among numerous attempts to create semiconducting graphene, periodic patterning using defects, passivation, doping, nanoscale perforation, etc., is particularly promising and has been realized experimentally. However, despite extensive theoretical investigations, the precise role of periodic modulations on electronic structures of graphene remains elusive. Here we employ both the tight-binding modeling and first-principles electronic structure calculations to show that the appearance of bandgap in patterned graphene has a geometric symmetry origin. Thus the analytic rule of gap-opening by patterning graphene is derived, which indicates that if a modified graphene is a semiconductor, its two corresponding carbon nanotubes, whose chiral vectors equal graphene's supercell lattice vectors, are both semimetals. PMID:23887253

Dvorak, Marc; Oswald, William; Wu, Zhigang

2013-01-01

314

Open Standards for Emergency Mangement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mission of the OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) Emergency Management Technical Committee (EM-TC) is to create incident and emergency-related standards for data interoperability. The TC welcomes participation from members of the emergency management community, developers and implementers, and members of the public concerned with disaster management and response. Since the foundation of the EM-TC in 2003, there have been several Standards developed to support this mission. The first and most widely accepted has been the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP). CAP has been adopted worldwide and is also ITU Recommendation 1303. The EM-TC has continued in the development of content data standards to support the emergency management mission. This suite of standards is referred to as the Emergency Data Exchange Language (EDXL) family of standards. The EDXL suite of standards are developed starting with a defined requirement from the response community. The requirements are vetted through a working group process, reviewed by the development community to determine whether the concepts once "standardized" will result in software that will be developed then provided with comments to the OASIS EM-TC for defining the standard. The OASIS process includes an open public review period where all comments are accepted and publically adjudicated. The EDXL-Distribution Element (DE), EDXL-Resource Management (RM), EDXL-Hospital Availability eXchange (HAVE) are all now ratified Standards. The EDXL-Situation Reporting (SitRep) Standard is in final review and the EXDL-Tracking of Emergency Patients (TEP) is in development. This presentation will briefly present each of the OASIS EM-TC Standards as well as the process for their development and review. Information will be provided about how to participate in the process as well as where open source code can be found to get started developing systems of systems using the EDXL Standards.

Jones, E.

2012-04-01

315

DISCONNECTING OPEN SOLAR MAGNETIC FLUX  

SciTech Connect

Disconnection of open magnetic flux by reconnection is required to balance the injection of open flux by coronal mass ejections and other eruptive events. Making use of recent advances in heliospheric background subtraction, we have imaged many abrupt disconnection events. These events produce dense plasma clouds whose distinctive shape can now be traced from the corona across the inner solar system via heliospheric imaging. The morphology of each initial event is characteristic of magnetic reconnection across a current sheet, and the newly disconnected flux takes the form of a 'U-'shaped loop that moves outward, accreting coronal and solar wind material. We analyzed one such event on 2008 December 18 as it formed and accelerated at 20 m s{sup -2} to 320 km s{sup -1}, thereafter expanding self-similarly until it exited our field of view 1.2 AU from the Sun. From acceleration and photometric mass estimates we derive the coronal magnetic field strength to be 8 {mu}T, 6 R{sub Sun} above the photosphere, and the entrained flux to be 1.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 11} Wb (1.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 19} Mx). We model the feature's propagation by balancing inferred magnetic tension force against accretion drag. This model is consistent with the feature's behavior and accepted solar wind parameters. By counting events over a 36 day window, we estimate a global event rate of 1 day{sup -1} and a global solar minimum unsigned flux disconnection rate of 6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13} Wb yr{sup -1} (6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 21} Mx yr{sup -1}) by this mechanism. That rate corresponds to {approx} - 0.2 nT yr{sup -1} change in the radial heliospheric field at 1 AU, indicating that the mechanism is important to the heliospheric flux balance.

DeForest, C. E.; Howard, T. A.; McComas, D. J. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States)

2012-01-20

316

Maximum Mouth Opening in Saudi Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the maximum mouth opening (MMO) in a representative sample of the Saudi adolescents. Materials and Methods: A total of 1825 Saudi adolescents (1007 males and 818 females) aged 12-16 years were randomly selected. The subjects were asked to open their mouth maximally till no further opening was possible and then the distance from the incisal edge of the maxillary incisors to incisal edge of the mandibular incisors was recorded. All data were analyzed using SPSS program and simple descriptive statistics of MMO with regard to gender and age groups were reported. The Student’s t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used to examine differences in mouth opening relative to gender and age groups. Results: The mean maximal mouth opening for males was 43.5 ± 4.23 mm (range 29-59 mm). The mean maximal mouth opening for females was 35.5 ± 4.4 mm (range 20-45 mm). There was a significant difference between the mouth opening of males and females in all the age group (P = 0.000). The mouth opening, regardless of gender, increases significantly with age from the age of 12 years to the age of 14 years (P = 0.000), then remained unchanged till the age of 16 years. Conclusion: The mouth opening of males is significantly higher than that of females in all the age group. There was a significant increase in MMO with age up to the age of 14 years regardless of gender.

Al-Dlaigan, Yousef H; Asiry, Moshabab A

2014-01-01

317

Energetic fluctuations in an open quantum process  

E-print Network

Relations similar to work and exchange fluctuations have been recently derived for open systems dynamically evolving in the presence of an ancilla. Extending these relations and constructing a non-equilibrium Helmholtz equation we derive a general expression for the energetic and entropic changes of an open quantum system undergoing a nontrivial evolution. The expressions depend only on the state of the system and the dynamical map generating the evolution. Furthermore our formalism makes no assumption on either the nature or dimension of the ancilla. Our results are expected to find application in understanding the energetics of complex quantum systems undergoing open dynamics.

John Goold; Kavan Modi

2014-07-17

318

Transient features of quantum open maps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study families of open chaotic maps that classically share the same asymptotic properties—forward and backward trapped sets, repeller dimensions, and escape rate—but differ in their short time behavior. When these maps are quantized we find that the fine details of the distribution of resonances and the corresponding eigenfunctions are sensitive to the initial shape and size of the openings. We study phase space localization of the resonances with respect to the repeller and find strong delocalization effects when the area of the openings is smaller than ?.

Ermann, Leonardo; Carlo, Gabriel G.; Pedrosa, Juan M.; Saraceno, Marcos

2012-06-01

319

Perturbative approach to Markovian open quantum systems  

PubMed Central

The exact treatment of Markovian open quantum systems, when based on numerical diagonalization of the Liouville super-operator or averaging over quantum trajectories, is severely limited by Hilbert space size. Perturbation theory, standard in the investigation of closed quantum systems, has remained much less developed for open quantum systems where a direct application to the Lindblad master equation is desirable. We present such a perturbative treatment which will be useful for an analytical understanding of open quantum systems and for numerical calculation of system observables which would otherwise be impractical. PMID:24811607

Li, Andy C. Y.; Petruccione, F.; Koch, Jens

2014-01-01

320

Testing of an open solar regenerator  

SciTech Connect

The use of liquid desiccants in solar energy applications is receiving serious attention at present. In all such applications the most important and one of the most expensive parts of the system is the regenerator. This paper describes a proposed test procedure for determining the performance of the open regenerator. Comparative study of both closed and open loop configurations have been made. Experiments were carried out using open loop configuration. The experimental results agree well with the theoretical model. The study has also been extended to analyse the effect of different meteorological and solution parameters on the regenerator performance.

Gandhidasan, P.

1983-08-01

321

Minimal incision laparoscopy assisted open pediatric pyeloplasty.  

PubMed

Minimal incision laparoscopy-assisted open pyeloplasty (MILAP) incorporates elements of open pyeloplasty (OP) and single incision laparoscopy to improve technical ease and cosmetic outcomes. Six MILAP procedures were performed using a single transumbilical incision through which the ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) is mobilized with standard laparoscopic instrumentation. The UPJ is brought extracorporeally through a 1-cm flank incision, and a traditional Anderson-Hynes open pyeloplasty is performed. Compared with OP, perioperative outcomes were similar. Follow-up renal scans all showed improvement of obstruction. A 1-cm flank incision is the only obvious scar. PMID:23958175

Woo, Jason R; Marietti, Sarah; Masterson, James; Chiang, George

2014-04-01

322

Heated Debates Over Open Source Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Open source code has allowed for the proliferation of open source software that competes with the big guns of software development, like Microsoft. Tempers run high, with the key issues focused on differing philosophies on the best business model to use and disputes over copyright, leading to lawsuits and heated online discussions. This issue of Topic in Depth provides an overview of open source software, and a selection of websites that discuss some of the pros and cons to the different approaches to software development.Some argue that open source is the best way to improve software, because developers can share the code and discuss issues. This article from _Nature_ reviews some of those arguments (1). Slashdot.com posts this article, which offers a counter argument (2) by raising concerns about security. Security has been a key issue for Microsoft -- along with copyright -- and it posts this statement on the company website regarding its "Approach to Source Code Sharing Balances Accessibility with Responsibility" (3).More information on copyright issues can be found on the GNU Project website (4 ). The GNU project was initiated by Richard Stallman and sponsored by the Free Software Foundation, which "supports the freedoms of speech, press, and association on the Internet, the right to use encryption software for private communication, and the right to write software unimpeded by private monopolies." The Open Source Initiative (OSI) emphasizes the management and promotion of the Open Source Definition "for the good of the community" and provides some basic information on open source software (5 ). Another online news source on open source software -- Daemon News(6 )-- posts an article that argues for other ways open source can be a learning tool in "Teaching Kids to Think for Themselves." This website provides a brief history of open source software (7), tracing the initiation of open source software to Stallman and his colleagues during "the 'hacker' culture of U.S. computer science laboratories." For more on the extent of open source software now available, see O'Reilly's list of resources (8 ).

323

The holomorphic anomaly for open string moduli  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We complete the holomorphic anomaly equations for topological strings with their dependence on open moduli. We obtain the complete system by standard path integral arguments generalizing the analysis of BCOV (Commun. Math. Phys. 165 (1994) 311) to strings with boundaries. We study both the anti-holomorphic dependence on open moduli and on closed moduli in presence of Wilson lines. By providing the compactification à la Deligne-Mumford of the moduli space of Riemann surfaces with boundaries, we show that the open holomorphic anomaly equations are structured on the (real codimension one) boundary components of this space.

Bonelli, Giulio; Tanzini, Alessandro

2007-10-01

324

Charles Darwin University -courses open to special entryCharles Darwin University -courses open to special entry Fact Sheet University Undergraduate satac.edu.au 1  

E-print Network

Charles Darwin University - courses open to special entryCharles Darwin University - courses open and Linguistics - Casuarina Recommended Considered Considered #12;Charles Darwin University - courses open

Mayer, Wolfgang

325

OPENING ADDRESS: Heterostructures in Semiconductors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Good morning, Gentlemen! On behalf of the Nobel Foundation, I should like to welcome you to the Nobel Symposium on "Heterostructures in Semiconductors". It gives me great pleasure to see so many colleagues and old friends from all over the world in the audience and, in particular, to bid welcome to our Nobel laureates, Prof. Esaki and Prof. von Klitzing. In front of a different audience I would now commend the scientific and technological importance of heterostructures in semiconductors and emphatically emphasise that heterostructures, as an important contribution to microelectronics and, hence, information technology, have changed societies all over the world. I would also mention that information technology is one of the most important global key industries which covers a wide field of important areas each of which bears its own character. Ever since the invention of the transistor, we have witnessed a fantastic growth in semiconductor technology, leading to more complex functions and higher densities of devices. This development would hardly be possible without an increasing understanding of semiconductor materials and new concepts in material growth techniques which allow the fabrication of previously unknown semiconductor structures. But here and today I will not do it because it would mean to carry coals to Newcastle. I will therefore not remind you that heterostructures were already suggested and discussed in detail a long time before proper technologies were available for the fabrication of such structures. Now, heterostructures are a foundation in science and part of our everyday life. Though this is certainly true, it is nevertheless fair to say that not all properties of heterostructures are yet understood and that further technologies have to be developed before a still better understanding is obtained. The organisers therefore hope that this symposium will contribute not only to improving our understanding of heterostructures but also to opening new perspectives for future applications. We are most grateful that you agreed with the special format of the symposium which clearly does not follow conven- tional conferences. Allow me to call your special attention once again to two main differences: The presentations are not review papers praising already achieved break-throughs but introductions to a list of open questions and issues for which our understanding is still unsatisfactory. To give such presentations requires courage and scientific integrity. I would like to thank all speakers now already for their willingness to cope with such a difficult task. We have allocated at least 50 minutes for discussion after each presentation not only for discussing the paper as such but, if possible, to find answers to the open questions. If one or several participants in the audience during the discussion think they can contribute to improving our understanding of heterostructures, they are invited to write their ideas up and, if the referees agree, we are more than happy to publish these ideas in the proceedings. We admit that the program is rather demanding. For that reason, we plan to have a break on Thursday afternoon by first going to Denmark and touring the Hamlet castle of Kronborg. We then sail back to Sweden and will be hosted by the Krapperup castle where we will have a candle-light dinner and thereafter a baroque music concert featuring the Concerto Copenhagen. All participants, observers, and accompanying spouses are invited and we hope you will all enjoy the excur- sion. The local organising committee acknowledges with pleasure the financial and all other support received from the Nobel Foundation and the Nobel Institute of Physics as well as the initial initiative taken by the chairman of the Nobel Com- mittee for Physics, Prof. Nordling, who was the first to suggest this Nobel Symposium on "Heterostructures in Semicon- ductors". Special thanks also to the members of the program committee who have been of inestimable value in putting together the program and suggesting speakers and pote

Grimmeiss, Hermann G.

1996-01-01

326

OpenMx: An Open Source Extended Structural Equation Modeling Framework  

PubMed Central

OpenMx is free, full–featured, open source, structural equation modeling (SEM) software. OpenMx runs within the R statistical programming environment on Windows, Mac OS–X, and Linux computers. The rationale for developing OpenMx is discussed along with the philosophy behind the user interface. The OpenMx data structures are introduced — these novel structures define the user interface framework and provide new opportunities for model specification. Two short example scripts for the specification and fitting of a confirmatory factor model are next presented. We end with an abbreviated list of modeling applications available in OpenMx 1.0 and a discussion of directions for future development. PMID:23258944

Boker, Steven; Neale, Michael; Maes, Hermine; Wilde, Michael; Spiegel, Michael; Brick, Timothy; Spies, Jeffrey; Estabrook, Ryne; Kenny, Sarah; Bates, Timothy; Mehta, Paras; Fox, John

2012-01-01

327

The Emergence of Open-Source Software in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The open-source software movement is gaining increasing momentum in China. Of the limited numbers of open-source software in China, "Red Flag Linux" stands out most strikingly, commanding 30 percent share of Chinese software market. Unlike the spontaneity of open-source movement in North America, open-source software development in China, such as…

Pan, Guohua; Bonk, Curtis J.

2007-01-01

328

11. INTERIOR OF BEDROOM NUMBER ONE SHOWING OPEN DOOR FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. INTERIOR OF BEDROOM NUMBER ONE SHOWING OPEN DOOR FROM LIVING ROOM AT EXTREME PHOTO LEFT, OPEN DOOR TO WALK-IN CLOSET AT PHOTO LEFT CENTER, OPEN DOOR TO BATHROOM AT PHOTO CENTER, AND OPEN DOOR TO BEDROOM NUMBER TWO AT EXTREME PHOTO RIGHT. VIEW TO WEST. - Rush Creek Hydroelectric System, Worker Cottage, Rush Creek, June Lake, Mono County, CA

329

Publishing in Open Access Education Journals: The Authors' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open access publishing is now an accepted method of scholarly communication. However, the greatest traction for open access publishing thus far has been in the sciences. Penetration of open access publishing has been much slower among the social sciences. This study surveys 309 authors from recent issues of open access journals in education to…

Coonin, Bryna; Younce, Leigh M.

2010-01-01

330

Teaching New Keynesian Open Economy Macroeconomics at the Intermediate Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the open economy, the workhorse model in intermediate textbooks still is the Mundell-Fleming model, which basically extends the investment and savings, liquidity preference and money supply (IS-LM) model to open economy problems. The authors present a simple New Keynesian model of the open economy that introduces open economy considerations…

Bofinger, Peter; Mayer, Eric; Wollmershauser, Timo

2009-01-01

331

32 CFR 242a.3 - Open meetings.  

...BOARD OF REGENTS, UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES § 242a.3 Open meetings. (a) Members shall...c) The Executive Secretary shall be responsible for making physical arrangements that provide ample space, sufficient...

2014-07-01

332

32 CFR 242a.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...BOARD OF REGENTS, UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES § 242a.3 Open meetings. (a) Members shall...c) The Executive Secretary shall be responsible for making physical arrangements that provide ample space, sufficient...

2011-07-01

333

32 CFR 242a.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...BOARD OF REGENTS, UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES § 242a.3 Open meetings. (a) Members shall...c) The Executive Secretary shall be responsible for making physical arrangements that provide ample space, sufficient...

2010-07-01

334

32 CFR 242a.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...BOARD OF REGENTS, UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES § 242a.3 Open meetings. (a) Members shall...c) The Executive Secretary shall be responsible for making physical arrangements that provide ample space, sufficient...

2012-07-01

335

32 CFR 242a.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...BOARD OF REGENTS, UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES § 242a.3 Open meetings. (a) Members shall...c) The Executive Secretary shall be responsible for making physical arrangements that provide ample space, sufficient...

2013-07-01

336

OpenMP Experiences and Comparisons  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The document discusses message passage interfaces (MPI), open message passage issues and parallelization. A comparison of the two vector platforms, C90 and SVlex is presented. Sections of the document are written in computer code.

Nelson, Terry; Thigpen, William W. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

337

43 CFR 3595.1 - Surface openings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...substantially fill in, fence, protect or close all surface openings, subsidence holes, surface excavations or workings which are a hazard...officer. (b) Reclamation or protection of surface areas no longer needed for operations will...

2011-10-01

338

Open string in a nonrelativistic background  

SciTech Connect

This paper is devoted to the study of the open string description of Wilson loops and quarks in nonrelativistic quantum field theory that are expected to be dual of gravity in Schroedinger space-time.

Kluson, J. [Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlarska 2, 611 37, Brno (Czech Republic)

2010-05-15

339

What Do You Have for Openers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes some "openers" to use in science class to attract attention, create interest or maintain interest. Some examples of materials that can be used are a radiometer, a drinking bird, Geiger-Muller Counter and a human skeleton. (BR)

Llewellyn, Gerald C.

1975-01-01

340

Open Cast Mining: An Environmental Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a case study in which students investigate the environmental issue of open cast coal mining. Students examine the issue from different perspectives; interpret the available evidence; draw appropriate conclusions; and evaluate such conclusions. (MDH)

McPartland, Michael

1993-01-01

341

Professional Opportunities For Current Job Openings  

E-print Network

Professional Opportunities For Current Job Openings Apply at https://nih.usajobs.gov/ Then type_training.html To review or apply for these professional opportunities visit http://nih.usajobs.gov. For information about

342

Open vs. closed Apple music distribution platform  

E-print Network

In this thesis, based on the example case study of the Apple iTunes-iPods platform technology, two simple models are analyzed to gain a better understanding of open vs. closed business models as management and market ...

Aye, Thida, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

343

Opening criteria for accelerated paving techniques  

E-print Network

Fast track paving or accelerated pavement design is the rapid replacement of portland cement concrete pavement, allowing for the reopening to traffic under specific time requirements. The purpose of this research is to develop opening criteria...

Johnson, Jason Leonard

2012-06-07

344

Safe Open-Nested Transactions Through Ownership  

E-print Network

Researchers in transactional memory (TM) have proposed open nesting asa methodology for increasing the concurrency of a program. The ideais to ignore certain "low-level" memory operations of anopen-nested transaction when ...

Agrawal, Kunal

2008-02-20

345

OpenTag: Privacy protection for RFID  

E-print Network

Radio frequency identification's use in retail is good for pervasive computing, but raises considerable privacy issues. OpenTag programmable tags address privacy issues while remaining fully compatible with the supply-chain ...

Holtzman, Henry N.

346

28 CFR 16.202 - Open meetings.  

...shall be responsible for arranging a suitable site for each open Commission meeting so that ample seating, visibility, and acoustics are provided to the public and ample security measures are employed for the protection of Commissioners and Staff. The...

2014-07-01

347

11 CFR 9407.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...meetings, the Commission shall make a diligent effort to provide appropriate space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics to accommodate the public attendance anticipated for the meeting. When open meetings are conducted through...

2013-01-01

348

28 CFR 16.202 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...shall be responsible for arranging a suitable site for each open Commission meeting so that ample seating, visibility, and acoustics are provided to the public and ample security measures are employed for the protection of Commissioners and Staff. The...

2011-07-01

349

Open Boundary Conditions for Dissipative MHD  

SciTech Connect

In modeling magnetic confinement, astrophysics, and plasma propulsion, representing the entire physical domain is often difficult or impossible, and artificial, or 'open' boundaries are appropriate. A novel open boundary condition (BC) for dissipative MHD, called Lacuna-based open BC (LOBC), is presented. LOBC, based on the idea of lacuna-based truncation originally presented by V.S. Ryaben'kii and S.V. Tsynkov, provide truncation with low numerical noise and minimal reflections. For hyperbolic systems, characteristic-based BC (CBC) exist for separating the solution into outgoing and incoming parts. In the hyperbolic-parabolic dissipative MHD system, such separation is not possible, and CBC are numerically unstable. LOBC are applied in dissipative MHD test problems including a translating FRC, and coaxial-electrode plasma acceleration. Solution quality is compared to solutions using CBC and zero-normal derivative BC. LOBC are a promising new open BC option for dissipative MHD.

Meier, E T

2011-11-10

350

Stopout prediction in massive open online courses  

E-print Network

Imagine your favorite college professor standing behind a podium in the center of Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, lecturing 109,000 students. Though that sounds like an unlikely scenario, Massive Open Online Courses, MOOCs, ...

Taylor, Colin, S.M. (Colin J.). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01

351

Software Training Classes Now Open | Poster  

Cancer.gov

Data Management Services, Inc. (DMS), has announced the opening of its spring session of software training classes, available to all employees at NCI at Frederick. Classes begin on March 31 and run through June 30.

352

11 CFR 9407.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...meetings, the Commission shall make a diligent effort to provide appropriate space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics to accommodate the public attendance anticipated for the meeting. When open meetings are conducted through...

2011-01-01

353

11 CFR 9407.3 - Open meetings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...meetings, the Commission shall make a diligent effort to provide appropriate space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics to accommodate the public attendance anticipated for the meeting. When open meetings are conducted through...

2012-01-01

354

Retinal detachment after open globe injury  

PubMed Central

Purpose To characterize the development of retinal detachment after open globe trauma. Design Case-control study Participants 892 patients comprising 893 open globe injuries, of which 255 were ultimately diagnosed with retinal detachment, with the remaining eyes serving as controls. Methods Retrospective chart review of open globe injuries presenting to the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary between 1999 and 2011. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate time to detachment and multivariable logistic regression was used to define clinical factors associated with retinal detachment after open globe injury. Main Outcome Measures Demographic and clinical characteristics at the time of presentation after open globe injury, date of retinal detachment diagnosis, and last date of follow-up. Results Primary repair of the open globe was typically undertaken within hours of presentation. 255 eyes were ultimately diagnosed with retinal detachment after open globe trauma, yielding an incidence of 29% (95% confidence interval: 26%-32%). For eyes that developed retinal detachment, 27% (69/255) detached within 24 hours of primary open globe repair, 47% (119/255) detached within one week, 72% (183/255) within one month. Multivariable regression analysis revealed presence of vitreous hemorrhage (odds ratio: 7.29, p<0.001), higher zone of injury (odds ratio: 2.51 per integer increase in zone number, odds ratio: 1.00-6.30, p<0.001), and poorer Logarithm of the Minimum Angle of Resolution visual acuity at the time of presentation after open globe injury (odds ratio: 2.41 per integer increase in Logarithm of the Minimum Angle of Resolution visual acuity, odds ratio: 1.00-81.30, p<0.001) to be associated with retinal detachment. A screening tool, named herein the Retinal Detachment after Open Globe Injury (RD-OGI) score, was created. Conclusions Retinal detachment is common after open globe trauma, though often not appearing until days to weeks after the initial traumatic event. Several clinical variables at the time of initial presentation can predict the future risk of detachment. PMID:24011994

Stryjewski, Tomasz P.; Andreoli, Christopher M.; Eliott, Dean

2013-01-01

355

Open cycle - OTEC turbine design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design of a low-pressure, open cycle ocean thermal energy conversion system (OTEC) is described. Near-surface ocean water at 80 F is allowed to expand in a one-half psi evaporator for passage through a turbine; cold water (40 F), pumped upward from a 3,000 ft depth, is used to recondense the steam. Plans for a 2.5-3 MWe prototype plant, as a proof-of-principle project for a 100 MWe plant, include seawater pumps driven off the generator shaft, potable water as a by-product of the condensor, ease of access for O and M, and an integrated, gear-driven deaerator system with reinjection into the warm seawater discharge. An inlet flow of 3,000,000 cu ft/sec, a single stage vertical turbine with 40 ft fiber reinforced composite blades, 200 rpm operation on a 65 ft diameter disk, and an overall efficiency of 3% are features of the 100 MWe plant. A flowfield analysis, a velocity triangle analysis, and a structural dynamics analysis are outlined, along with materials applications and manufacturing process considerations in blade design. The 3MWe OTEC will be one-sixth the size of a 100MWe OTEC.

Coleman, W. H.; Rogers, J. D.; Thompson, D. F.; Young, M. I.

1981-12-01

356

Some open questions in hydrodynamics  

E-print Network

When speaking of unsolved problems in physics, this is surprising at first glance to discuss the case of fluid mechanics. However, there are many deep open questions that come with the theory of fluid mechanics. In this paper, we discuss some of them that we classify in two categories, the long term behavior of solutions of equations of hydrodynamics and the definition of initial (boundary) conditions. The first set of questions come with the non-relativistic theory based on the Navier-Stokes equations. Starting from smooth initial conditions, the purpose is to understand if solutions of Navier-Stokes equations remain smooth with the time evolution. Existence for just a finite time would imply the evolution of finite time singularities, which would have a major influence on the development of turbulent phenomena. The second set of questions come with the relativistic theory of hydrodynamics. There is an accumulating evidence that this theory may be relevant for the description of the medium created in high energy heavy-ion collisions. However, this is not clear that the fundamental hypotheses of hydrodynamics are valid in this context. Also, the determination of initial conditions remains questionable. The purpose of this paper is to explore some ideas related to these questions, both in the non-relativistic and relativistic limits of fluid mechanics. We believe that these ideas do not concern only the theory side but can also be useful for interpreting results from experimental measurements.

Mateusz Dyndal; Laurent Schoeffel

2014-09-08

357

Open Collections Program: Women Working  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in November 2002 with the generous support of the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the Open Collections Program at Harvard University Library is designed "to increase the availability and use of textual and visual historical resources for teaching, learning, and research." The first project within the terms of this impressive remit is the Women Working, 1870-1930 digitized collection. Within this broad topical area, the documents currently available here are largely centered around the experience of working women during this period in Boston. Currently, over 450 documents are available for perusal, although at the completion of the project, over 3000 documents will be publicly available through this site. Visitors may browse through the New Additions area, look through the materials by topic (such as home labor, arts, or business), or perform a full text search. Also, users should make sure and browse through the diary of one H. Greene, a woman who lived on her family farm in Seneca County, Ohio, and who offers her recollections of the year 1887.

358

Opening up on ELMO regulation  

PubMed Central

GTPases are central hubs for directing cytoskeletal reorganization and cell migration. The DOCK family enforces positive regulation of certain GTPases, leading to their activation in discrete areas of the cell. ELMO, a well-known DOCK180 binding partner, has been cast with the role of potentiating DOCK180-mediated Rac activation. Exactly how ELMO contributes to Rac signaling is only beginning to be understood. Here, we discuss our most recent research investigating ELMO regulation of the DOCK180/Rac pathway. Interestingly, we found that ELMO is autoinhibited via intramolecular contacts at basal levels and we explore the novel domains that we identified at the heart of the auto-regulatory switch. We propose that the closed ELMO molecule masks protein-protein interfaces or domains with novel uncharacterized function; cell stimulation and GTPase binding to ELMO is proposed to activate (open) the protein and/or target the ELMO/DOCK180 complex to the cell membrane. In this manner, promiscuous signaling/activity downstream of ELMO/DOCK180 can be controlled for both spatially and temporally. Additionally, we report new data highlighting that DOCK proteins can form heterodimers, and we discuss possible mechanisms that could be implicated in controlling the ELMO activation state. PMID:22292130

Patel, Manishha; Pelletier, Ariane

2011-01-01

359

Open Clients for Distributed Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are actively developing a collection of open source example clients that demonstrate use of our "back end" data management infrastructure. The data management system is reported elsewhere at this meeting (Arko and Chayes: A Scaleable Database Infrastructure). In addition to their primary goal of being examples for others to build upon, some of these clients may have limited utility in them selves. More information about the clients and the data infrastructure is available on line at http://data.ldeo.columbia.edu. The available examples to be demonstrated include several web-based clients including those developed for the Community Review System of the Digital Library for Earth System Education, a real-time watch standers log book, an offline interface to use log book entries, a simple client to search on multibeam metadata and others are Internet enabled and generally web-based front ends that support searches against one or more relational databases using industry standard SQL queries. In addition to the web based clients, simple SQL searches from within Excel and similar applications will be demonstrated. By defining, documenting and publishing a clear interface to the fully searchable databases, it becomes relatively easy to construct client interfaces that are optimized for specific applications in comparison to building a monolithic data and user interface system.

Chayes, D. N.; Arko, R. A.

2001-12-01

360

Invariants of contact structures from open books  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this note we define three invariants of contact structures in terms of\\u000aopen books supporting the contact structures. These invariants are the support\\u000agenus (which is the minimal genus of a page of a supporting open book for the\\u000acontact structure), the binding number (which is the minimal number of binding\\u000acomponents of a supporting open book for the

John B. Etnyre; Burak Ozbagci

2008-01-01

361

Open and Free Cluster for Public  

E-print Network

We introduce the LIPI Public Cluster, the first parallel machine facility fully open for public and for free in Indonesia and surrounding countries. In this paper, we focus on explaining our globally new concept on open cluster, and how to realize and manage it to meet the users needs. We show that after 2 years trial running and several upgradings, the Public Cluster performs well and is able to fulfil all requirements as expected.

Akbar, Z; Ajinagoro, B I; Ohara, G I; Firmansyah, I; Hermanto, B; Handoko, L T

2007-01-01

362

Automatic Multilevel Parallelization Using OpenMP  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper we describe the extension of the CAPO parallelization support tool to support multilevel parallelism based on OpenMP directives. CAPO generates OpenMP directives with extensions supported by the NanosCompiler to allow for directive nesting and definition of thread groups. We report first results for several benchmark codes and one full application that have been parallelized using our system.

Jin, Hao-Qiang; Jost, Gabriele; Yan, Jerry; Ayguade, Eduard; Gonzalez, Marc; Martorell, Xavier; Biegel, Bryan (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

363

Randomized control of open quantum systems  

E-print Network

The problem of open-loop dynamical control of generic open quantum systems is addressed. In particular, I focus on the task of effectively switching off environmental couplings responsible for unwanted decoherence and dissipation effects. After revisiting the standard framework for dynamical decoupling via deterministic controls, I describe a different approach whereby the controller intentionally acquires a random component. An explicit error bound on worst-case performance of stochastic decoupling is presented.

Lorenza Viola

2006-01-16

364

Shoulder Strength After Open Versus Arthroscopic Stabilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: With current techniques, the main difference between arthroscopic and open shoulder stabilization is the violation of the subscapularis tendon. No studies have looked at strength differences of internal and external rotation between these groups.Hypothesis: Internal rotation strength deficits will exist in patients having undergone an open shoulder stabilization procedure compared with an arthroscopic one.Study Design: Piggy-back randomized controlled trial;

Laurie A. Hiemstra; Treny M. Sasyniuk; Nicholas G. H. Mohtadi; Gordon H. Fick

2008-01-01

365

OpenMP for Networks of SMPs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present the first system that implements OpenMP on a network of shared-memory multiprocessors. This system enables the programmer to rely on a single, standard, shared-memory API for parallelization within a multiprocessor and between multiprocessors. It is imple- mented via a translator that converts OpenMPdirectives to appropriate calls to a modified version of the TreadMarks software distributed

Y. Charlie Hu; Honghui Lu; Alan L. Cox; Willy Zwaenepoel

1999-01-01

366

Free-Flow Open-Chamber Electrophoresis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Free-flow open-chamber electrophoresis variant of free-flow electrophoresis performed in chamber with open ends and in which velocity of electro-osmotic flow adjusted equal to and opposite mean electrophoretic velocity of sample. Particles having electrophoretic mobilities greater than mean mobility of sample particles move toward cathode, those with mobilities less move toward anode. Technique applied to separation of components of mixtures of biologically important substances. Sensitivity enhanced by use of tapered chamber.

Sharnez, Rizwan; Sammons, David W.

1994-01-01

367

Fuse and Goasap: Open Source Animation Tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since ActionScript 1.0, animation has consistently been one of the most exciting areas of the open source Flash community.\\u000a This chapter looks at two open source libraries I’ve released for coding animation, one for ActionScript 2 and the other for\\u000a ActionScript 3. Each addresses a wide audience and works as a unifying force in different ways. I started with a

Moses Gunesch

368

Extending OpenMP for NUMA machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes extensions to OpenMP which implement data placement features needed for NUMA architectures. OpenMP is a collection of compiler directives and library routines used to write portable parallel programs for shared-memory architectures. Writing efficient parallel programs for NUMA architectures, which have characteristics of both shared-memory and distributed-memory architectures, requires that a programmer control the placement of data in

John Bircsak; Peter Craig; RaeLyn Crowell; Zarka Cvetanovic; Jonathan Harris; C. Alexander Nelson; Carl D. Offner

2000-01-01

369

An open-air infrasonic thermoacoustic engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A low-frequency open-air thermoacoustic engine in a Helmholtz resonator has been constructed. Tests indicate that the system resonates in the Helmholtz mode for modest thermoacoustic stack temperature differences using stacks of varying type and pore size located within the neck of the Helmholtz resonator. The maximum acoustic pressure radiated from the open end of the resonator corresponds to 81dB-SPL ref

W. V. Slaton

2010-01-01

370

Studies of Degraded Smelt Spout Opening Tubes  

SciTech Connect

Co-extruded type 304L stainless steel/SA210 carbon steel tubes have been used on the floors and lower walls of many black liquor recovery boilers to address the wall thinning problem that had been an issue for boiler owners and operators. Use of these tubes greatly reduced the corrosion issue, but corrosion was still sometimes observed and cracking was discovered in some tubes, particularly those that are bent to form the openings for smelt spouts. Because cracks in the opening tubes were sometimes observed to extend a significant distance into the tube wall and because these cracks were found fairly frequently, tubes made from a number of alternate cladding materials were tried in place of the 304L clad opening tubes. This paper describes the results of examinations of spout opening tubes of the standard 304L/carbon steel and of several of the alternate materials that have been tried. In addition to the corrosion and cracking seen in the spout opening tubes, another issue associated with these tubes has been observed. Preferential corrosion of the cap welds is sometimes seen on butt welds attaching the spout opening tubes made with alternate cladding materials to the standard 304L/carbon steel co-extruded wall tubes. Some information on the observations of this corrosion is also included in this paper.

Keiser, James R [ORNL; Kish, Joseph R. [Paprican; Willoughby, Adam W [ORNL; Longmire, Hu Foster [ORNL; Singbeil, Douglas [Paprican

2007-01-01

371

Open Source Vision Library (OpenVL) Based Local Positioning System Changsong Shen, Steve Oldridge and Sidney Fels  

E-print Network

Open Source Vision Library (OpenVL) Based Local Positioning System Changsong Shen, Steve Oldridge}@ece.ubc.ca Abstract This paper presents an Open Source Vision Library (OpenVL) for hardware acceleration of video-based surveillance systems and other computer vision applications to facilitate low latency, real-time response. Our

British Columbia, University of

372

U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02328 Geological Survey of Canada Open File 4350  

E-print Network

U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02­328 Geological Survey of Canada Open File 4350 August simultaneously as U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OPEN-FILE REPORT 02­328 and GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA OPEN FILE 4350 Middlefield Road, Menlo Park, California, 94025, USA 2 Pacific Geoscience Centre, Geological Survey of Canada

Goldfinger, Chris

373

The Open Neuroimaging Journal, 2011, 5, (Suppl 1-M1) 65 65 1874-4400/11 2011 Bentham Open  

E-print Network

The Open Neuroimaging Journal, 2011, 5, (Suppl 1-M1) 65 65 1874-4400/11 2011 Bentham Open Open Antonio, USA Welcome to this special issue of the Open Neuroimaging Journal which focuses on physiological BOLD, blood flow, blood volume, and oxygen extraction fraction measurements are becoming routine

Duong, Timothy Q.

374

76 VOL. 104VEGETATION OF THE OAK OPENINGS Description of Vegetation of the Oak Openings of Northwestern Ohio at  

E-print Network

76 VOL. 104VEGETATION OF THE OAK OPENINGS Description of Vegetation of the Oak Openings a map of the Oak Openings of northwestern Ohio showing the vegetation at the time of Euro-American settlement (1817-1832). For that period, the area of the Oak Openings was 43% Oak Savanna, 27% Wet Prairie

Gottgens, Hans

375

Quantum Open-Closed Homotopy Algebra and String Field Theory  

E-print Network

We reformulate the algebraic structure of Zwiebach's quantum open-closed string field theory in terms of homotopy algebras. We call it the quantum open-closed homotopy algebra (QOCHA) which is the generalization of the open-closed homotopy algebra (OCHA) of Kajiura and Stasheff. The homotopy formulation reveals new insights about deformations of open string field theory by closed string backgrounds. In particular, deformations by Maurer Cartan elements of the quantum closed homotopy algebra define consistent quantum open string field theories.

Korbinian Muenster; Ivo Sachs

2011-10-19

376

Publishing in open access era: focus on respiratory journals  

PubMed Central

We have entered an open access publishing era. The impact and significance of open access is still under debate after two decades of evolution. Open access journals benefit researchers and the general public by promoting visibility, sharing and communicating. Non-mainstream journals should turn the challenge of open access into opportunity of presenting best research articles to the global readership. Open access journals need to optimize their business models to promote the healthy and continuous development. PMID:24822120

Xu, Dingyao; Zhong, Xiyao; Li, Li; Ling, Qibo; Bu, Zhaode

2014-01-01

377

Publishing in open access era: focus on respiratory journals.  

PubMed

We have entered an open access publishing era. The impact and significance of open access is still under debate after two decades of evolution. Open access journals benefit researchers and the general public by promoting visibility, sharing and communicating. Non-mainstream journals should turn the challenge of open access into opportunity of presenting best research articles to the global readership. Open access journals need to optimize their business models to promote the healthy and continuous development. PMID:24822120

Dai, Ni; Xu, Dingyao; Zhong, Xiyao; Li, Li; Ling, Qibo; Bu, Zhaode

2014-05-01

378

The Open High School of Utah: Openness, Disaggregation, and the Future of Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the charter movement has a rich history in Utah, virtual charters are a recent development. In 2007, a founding board consisting of faculty, staff, and graduate students in Utah State University's Center for Open and Sustainable Learning prepared and submitted an application to create the state's second virtual charter, called the Open High…

Wiley, David

2009-01-01

379

Opening Education: Policies and Practices from Open and Distance Education. Routledge Studies in Distance Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overall theme of this book is the relationships between government and organizational policies and the work of practitioners in open and distance learning. The book explores a selection of international examples, many of which concern the use of new technologies for opening education. The contributors, many of whom are recognized experts,…

Evans, Terry, Ed.; Nation, Daryl, Ed.

380

OIL IN THE OPEN WATER Oil in the open water may a ect the health of  

E-print Network

OIL IN THE OPEN WATER Oil in the open water may a ect the health of microscopic plants and animals. Far beneath the surface, corals and other deepwater communities might also be a ected. OIL AND HUMAN AND SEDIMENTS · Water quality surveys · Transect surveys to detect submerged oil · Oil plume modeling · Sediment

381

Open Classroom: Distance Learning In and Out of Schools. Open and Distance Learning Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays, which is separated into 4 sections, concerns open and distance learning at school level, or grades K-12. The first section, "The Knowledge Society," includes the following chapters: "Classroom Open Learning: A Case of Old Wine in New Bottles?" (Jenkins); "Living and Learning in the Information Age: From the School to…

Bradley, Jo, Ed.

382

75 FR 72686 - Express Mail Open and Distribute and Priority Mail Open and Distribute  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...product; and adding a five-pound minimum weight requirement for Express Mail Open and...concerns about the five-pound minimum weight limit for Express Mail Open and Distribute...is establishing a five-pound minimum weight requirement for all Express Mail...

2010-11-26

383

1 Open Door www.open.ac.uk Taking you to  

E-print Network

1 Open Door www.open.ac.uk Taking you to the ends of the earth Behind the scenes of Frozen Planet of Frozen Planet 8 "It's hard work, but it's been worth it" Meet student Sarah Flew 9 You're spreading find out about our role in making the acclaimed Frozen Planet with the BBC (p5), discover how we

Bandara, Arosha

384

Opening up down under: The Role of Open Educational Resources in Promoting Social Inclusion in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the role of open and distance learning to widen participation and promote social inclusion within Australian higher education, as well as the benefits that open educational resources (OER) could bring to that context. It also explores some of the most relevant social inclusion policies and related initiatives developed in…

Bossu, Carina; Bull, David; Brown, Mark

2012-01-01

385

Open to Change: An Interview with Leaders of the Open University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October 2007, EDUCAUSE Vice President Richard N. Katz met with several senior leaders of the Open University: Professor Brenda Gourley, Vice-Chancellor and President of the University; Professor Denise Kirkpatrick, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Learning and Teaching; Professor Andy Lane, Director of OpenLearn; Niall Sclater, Director of the Virtual…

Katz, Richard N.

2008-01-01

386

Heterogeneous compute in computer vision: OpenCL in OpenCV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We explore the relevance of Heterogeneous System Architecture (HSA) in Computer Vision, both as a long term vision, and as a near term emerging reality via the recently ratified OpenCL 2.0 Khronos standard. After a brief review of OpenCL 1.2 and 2.0, including HSA features such as Shared Virtual Memory (SVM) and platform atomics, we identify what genres of Computer Vision workloads stand to benefit by leveraging those features, and we suggest a new mental framework that replaces GPU compute with hybrid HSA APU compute. As a case in point, we discuss, in some detail, popular object recognition algorithms (part-based models), emphasizing the interplay and concurrent collaboration between the GPU and CPU. We conclude by describing how OpenCL has been incorporated in OpenCV, a popular open source computer vision library, emphasizing recent work on the Transparent API, to appear in OpenCV 3.0, which unifies the native CPU and OpenCL execution paths under a single API, allowing the same code to execute either on CPU or on a OpenCL enabled device, without even recompiling.

Gasparakis, Harris

2014-02-01

387

Role of coronoidectomy in increasing mouth opening  

PubMed Central

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of coronoidectomy in advanced (stage III-IV) oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis. Materials and Methods: Five patients clinically diagnosed as grade III/IV OSMF (group 1) and seven patients clinically and radiographically confirmed as TMJ ankylosis (group 2) underwent surgery entailing coronoidectomy in addition to conventional surgical procedures required in both the conditions followed by vigorous mouth opening exercises. The results were evaluated using the interincisal distance at maximum mouth opening as the objective outcome over a follow-up period of 2 months. Results: OSMF patients (group I) showed a mean preoperative interincisal opening of 14.40 mm which increased to 24.60 mm after conventional procedures and showed further increment to 35 and 44.80 mm after unilateral and bilateral coronoidectomy, respectively; which was statistically significant (P = 0.043). Follow-up of 2 months showed a gradual increase in mean mouth opening compared to baseline which was also found to be statistically significant (P = 0.043). In TMJ ankylosis patients (group II), preoperative mean mouth opening of 6.71 mm increased to 24.29 mm after conventional procedures, and further to 37.29 mm after unilateral coronoidectomy which was statistically significant (P = 0.018). On subsequent follow-up of 2 months, a gradual increase in mean mouth opening compared to baseline was observed which was statistically significant (P = 0.018). Conclusion: Coronoidectomy is an effective adjunct in increasing intraoperative and stabilizing postoperative mouth opening. PMID:25298713

Gupta, Hemant; Tandon, Parul; Kumar, Deepak; Sinha, Vijay Prakash; Gupta, Sumit; Mehra, Hemant; Singh, Jasmeet

2014-01-01

388

Real open books and real contact structures  

E-print Network

A real 3-manifold is a smooth 3-manifold together with an orientation preserving smooth involution, called a real structure. We prove that every real 3-manifold admits a real open book -an open book compatible with the real structure. The proof also shows that every real Heegaard decomposition of a real 3-manifold comes from a real open book. This is not true in general in the non-real setting. We observe that there are infinitely many closed oriented real 3-manifolds which cannot have a maximal real Heegaard decomposition. Furthermore, we show that there is a Giroux correspondence in the existence of a real structure; namely we prove that there is a one to one correspondence between the real contact structures on a 3-manifold up to equivariant contact isotopy and the real open books up to positive real stabilization. Finally, we construct a real 3-manifold with a real open book which is the canonical boundary of a Lefschetz fibration but which cannot be filled by any real Lefschetz fibration.

Ozturk, Ferit

2012-01-01

389

Defining and using open architecture levels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Open architecture (OA) within military systems enables delivery of increased warfighter capabilities in a shorter time at a reduced cost.i In fact in today's standards-aware environment, solutions are often proposed to the government that include OA as one of its basics design tenets. Yet the ability to measure and assess OA in an objective manner, particularly at the subsystem/component level within a system, remains an elusive proposition. Furthermore, it is increasingly apparent that the establishment of an innovation ecosystem of an open business model that leverages thirdparty development requires more than just technical modifications that promote openness. This paper proposes a framework to migrate not only towards technical openness, but also towards enabling and facilitating an open business model, driven by third party development, for military systems. This framework was developed originally for the U.S. Navy Littoral and Mine Warfare community; however, the principles and approach may be applied elsewhere within the Navy and Department of Defense.

Cramer, M. A.; Morrison, A. W.; Cordes, B.; Stack, J. R.

2012-05-01

390

Web Server Security on Open Source Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Administering critical resources has never been more difficult that it is today. In a changing world of software innovation where major changes occur on a daily basis, it is crucial for the webmasters and server administrators to shield their data against an unknown arsenal of attacks in the hands of their attackers. Up until now this kind of defense was a privilege of the few, out-budgeted and low cost solutions let the defender vulnerable to the uprising of innovating attacking methods. Luckily, the digital revolution of the past decade left its mark, changing the way we face security forever: open source infrastructure today covers all the prerequisites for a secure web environment in a way we could never imagine fifteen years ago. Online security of large corporations, military and government bodies is more and more handled by open source application thus driving the technological trend of the 21st century in adopting open solutions to E-Commerce and privacy issues. This paper describes substantial security precautions in facing privacy and authentication issues in a totally open source web environment. Our goal is to state and face the most known problems in data handling and consequently propose the most appealing techniques to face these challenges through an open solution.

Gkoutzelis, Dimitrios X.; Sardis, Manolis S.

391

Free and Open Source Software for Development  

E-print Network

Development organizations and International Non-Governmental Organizations have been emphasizing the high potential of Free and Open Source Software for the Less Developed Countries. Cost reduction, less vendor dependency and increased potential for local capacity development have been their main arguments. In spite of its advantages, Free and Open Source Software is not widely adopted at the African continent. In this book the authors will explore the grounds on with these expectations are based. Where do they come from and is there evidence to support these expectations? Over the past years several projects have been initiated and some good results have been achieved, but at the same time many challenges were encountered. What lessons can be drawn from these experiences and do these experiences contain enough evidence to support the high expectations? Several projects and their achievements will be considered. In the final part of the book the future of Free and Open Source Software for Development will be explored. Special attention is given to the African continent since here challenges are highest. What is the role of Free and open Source Software for Development and how do we need to position and explore the potential? What are the threats? The book aims at professionals that are engaged in the design and implementation of ICT for Development (ICT4D) projects and want to improve their understanding of the role Free and Open Source Software can play.

Victor van Reijswoud; Arjan de Jager

2008-08-27

392

Flow Distances on Open Flow Networks  

E-print Network

Open flow network is a weighted directed graph with a source and a sink, depicting flux distributions on networks in the steady state of an open flow system. Energetic food webs, economic input-output networks, and international trade networks, are open flow network models of energy flows between species, money or value flows between industrial sectors, and goods flows between countries, respectively. Flow distances (first-passage or total) between any given two nodes $i$ and $j$ are defined as the average number of transition steps of a random walker along the network from $i$ to $j$ under some conditions. They apparently deviate from the conventional random walk distance on a closed directed graph because they consider the openness of the flow network. Flow distances are explicitly expressed by underlying Markov matrix of a flow system in this paper. With this novel theoretical conception, we can visualize open flow networks, calculating centrality of each node, and clustering nodes into groups. We apply fl...

Guo, Liangzhu; Shi, Peiteng; Wang, Jun; Huang, Xiaohan; Zhang, Jiang

2015-01-01

393

Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics  

E-print Network

Particle Physics, often referred to as High Energy Physics (HEP), spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-Web era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready for a further push to Open Access while retaining all the advantages of the peerreview system and, at the same time, bring the spiralling cost of journal subscriptions under control. I will present a plan for the conversion to Open Access of HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP authors. The current system in which journals income comes from subscription fees is replaced with a scheme where SCOAP3 compensates publishers for the costs...

2007-01-01

394

OpenFLUID: an open-source software environment for modelling fluxes in landscapes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Integrative landscape functioning has become a common concept in environmental management. Landscapes are complex systems where many processes interact in time and space. In agro-ecosystems, these processes are mainly physical processes, including hydrological-processes, biological processes and human activities. Modelling such systems requires an interdisciplinary approach, coupling models coming from different disciplines, developed by different teams. In order to support collaborative works, involving many models coupled in time and space for integrative simulations, an open software modelling platform is a relevant answer. OpenFLUID is an open source software platform for modelling landscape functioning, mainly focused on spatial fluxes. It provides an advanced object-oriented architecture allowing to i) couple models developed de novo or from existing source code, and which are dynamically plugged to the platform, ii) represent landscapes as hierarchical graphs, taking into account multi-scale, spatial heterogeneities and landscape objects connectivity, iii) run and explore simulations in many ways : using the OpenFLUID software interfaces for users (command line interface, graphical user interface), or using external applications such as GNU R through the provided ROpenFLUID package. OpenFLUID is developed in C++ and relies on open source libraries only (Boost, libXML2, GLib/GTK, OGR/GDAL, …). For modelers and developers, OpenFLUID provides a dedicated environment for model development, which is based on an open source toolchain, including the Eclipse editor, the GCC compiler and the CMake build system. OpenFLUID is distributed under the GPLv3 open source license, with a special exception allowing to plug existing models licensed under any license. It is clearly in the spirit of sharing knowledge and favouring collaboration in a community of modelers. OpenFLUID has been involved in many research applications, such as modelling of hydrological network transfer, diagnosis and prediction of water quality taking into account human activities, study of the effect of spatial organization on hydrological fluxes, modelling of surface-subsurface water exchanges, … At LISAH research unit, OpenFLUID is the supporting development platform of the MHYDAS model, which is a distributed model for agrosystems (Moussa et al., 2002, Hydrological Processes, 16, 393-412). OpenFLUID web site : http://www.openfluid-project.org

Fabre, Jean-Christophe; Rabotin, Michaël; Crevoisier, David; Libres, Aline; Dagès, Cécile; Moussa, Roger; Lagacherie, Philippe; Raclot, Damien; Voltz, Marc

2013-04-01

395

Physicochemical insight into gap openings in graphene  

PubMed Central

Based on a newly developed size-dependent cohesive energy formula for two-dimensional materials, a unified theoretical model was established to illustrate the gap openings in disordered graphene flakes, involving quantum dots, nanoribbons and nanoporous sheets. It tells us that the openings are essentially dominated by the variation in cohesive energy of C atoms, associated to the edge physicochemical nature regarding the coordination imperfection or the chemical bonding. In contrast to those ideal flakes, consequently, the gaps can be opened monotonously for disordered flakes on changing their sizes, affected by the dimension, geometric shape and the edge saturation. Using the density functional theory, accordingly, the electronic structures of disordered flakes differ to the ideal case because of the edge disorder. Our theoretical predictions have been validated by available experimental results, and provide us a distinct way for the quantitative modulation of bandgap in graphene for nanoelectronics. PMID:23524635

Zhu, Y. F.; Dai, Q. Q.; Zhao, M.; Jiang, Q.

2013-01-01

396

Evaluation of OPEN PLAN software: Final report  

SciTech Connect

In fulfilling the objectives of the contract to evaluate the suitability of the OPEN PLAN software system to process existing Environmental Restoration (ER) data, Jacobs Engineering Group (JEG) divided the effort into seven discrete tasks. Overall results of the tasks performed demonstrated that OPEN PLAN could be used in conjunction with the currently used TIMELINE to provide resource leveling and meet all reporting requirements. The OPEN PLAN report generator could automatically produce reports which were equivalent to existing ER cost reports being produced manually or by spreadsheet. User documentation was provided and on-site training was performed. The result of the cost and schedule tracking support was the creation of new spreadsheet based reports using TIMELINE and LOTUS 1-2-3. Some additional modifications may need to be made to incorporate installation specific needs as well as any changes in reporting requirements.

Not Available

1991-03-05

397

Open source bioimage informatics for cell biology  

PubMed Central

Significant technical advances in imaging, molecular biology and genomics have fueled a revolution in cell biology, in that the molecular and structural processes of the cell are now visualized and measured routinely. Driving much of this recent development has been the advent of computational tools for the acquisition, visualization, analysis and dissemination of these datasets. These tools collectively make up a new subfield of computational biology called bioimage informatics, which is facilitated by open source approaches. We discuss why open source tools for image informatics in cell biology are needed, some of the key general attributes of what make an open source imaging application successful, and point to opportunities for further operability that should greatly accelerate future cell biology discovery. PMID:19833518

Swedlow, Jason R.; Eliceiri, Kevin W.

2009-01-01

398

Open cellular structure in marine stratocumulus sheets  

SciTech Connect

Geostationary and sunsynchronous satellite data and in-situ observations from ship cruises are used to investigate the formation of open cellular structure in marine stratocumulus clouds over the Southeast Pacific (SEP). Open cellular convection either forms spontaneously as pockets of open cells (POCs) within overcast stratocumulus, or is advected into the region from midlatitude regions. POC formation occurs most frequently during the latter part of the night demonstrating that this transition is not caused by solar absorption-driven decoupling. The transition preferentially occurs in clouds with low 11-3.7 microns nighttime brightness temperature difference (BTD) which is found to be well correlated with both in-situ measured accumulation mode aerosol concentration and cloud droplet concentration estimates derived from MODIS. Besides indicating that night time BTD is an excellent proxy for stratocumulus cloud droplet concentration Nd, this also suggests that low aerosol concentrations favor POC formation. Indeed, extremely low accumulation mode aerosol concentrations are found during the passage of open cell events over the ship. Free-tropospheric moisture is not found to be an important factor in POC formation. Significant subseasonal variability occurs in the fractional coverage of open cellular convection over the broader SEP. This coverage is well correlated with a MODIS-derived drizzle proxy (MDP) proportional to the ratio of liquid water path (LWP) to Nd for predominantly overcast regions. Both LWP and Nd variability influences the MDP. Periods of low MDP have significant positive large scale Nd anomalies and are preceded byoffshore winds at 850 hPa, which suggests a potential continental influence upon open cell formation over the SEP. Together, the results suggest important two-way interactions between aerosols and drizzle in marine stratocumulus and a role for drizzle in modulating the large scale albedo of these cloud systems.

Wood, Robert; Comstock, K. K.; Bretherton, Christopher S.; Cornish, C.; Tomlinson, Jason M.; Collins, Donald R.; Fairall, C.

2008-06-25

399

Opening the shaker K+ channel with hanatoxin.  

PubMed

Voltage-activated ion channels open and close in response to changes in membrane voltage, a property that is fundamental to the roles of these channels in electrical signaling. Protein toxins from venomous organisms commonly target the S1-S4 voltage-sensing domains in these channels and modify their gating properties. Studies on the interaction of hanatoxin with the Kv2.1 channel show that this tarantula toxin interacts with the S1-S4 domain and inhibits opening by stabilizing a closed state. Here we investigated the interaction of hanatoxin with the Shaker Kv channel, a voltage-activated channel that has been extensively studied with biophysical approaches. In contrast to what is observed in the Kv2.1 channel, we find that hanatoxin shifts the conductance-voltage relation to negative voltages, making it easier to open the channel with membrane depolarization. Although these actions of the toxin are subtle in the wild-type channel, strengthening the toxin-channel interaction with mutations in the S3b helix of the S1-S4 domain enhances toxin affinity and causes large shifts in the conductance-voltage relationship. Using a range of previously characterized mutants of the Shaker Kv channel, we find that hanatoxin stabilizes an activated conformation of the voltage sensors, in addition to promoting opening through an effect on the final opening transition. Chimeras in which S3b-S4 paddle motifs are transferred between Kv2.1 and Shaker Kv channels, as well as experiments with the related tarantula toxin GxTx-1E, lead us to conclude that the actions of tarantula toxins are not simply a product of where they bind to the channel, but that fine structural details of the toxin-channel interface determine whether a toxin is an inhibitor or opener. PMID:23359283

Milescu, Mirela; Lee, Hwa C; Bae, Chan Hyung; Kim, Jae Il; Swartz, Kenton J

2013-02-01

400

The young open cluster around 25 Orionis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose to observe the young (7-10 Myr) open cluster recently discovered around the B1Vpe star 25 Orionis. We will obtain EPIC imaging and spectra of the cluster, to investigate the X-ray properties of pre-main sequence stars at a crucial age in stellar evolution, and to search for new cluster members. The derived properties will be compared with those of the younger sigma Ori and lambda Ori clusters, and with other star-forming regions and open clusters of different ages, to investigate the effects of age and of the ambient environment on pre-main sequence coronal activity.

Franciosini, Elena

2008-10-01

401

How a curved elastic strip opens.  

PubMed

An elastic strip is transversely clamped in a curved frame. The induced curvature decreases as the strip opens and connects to its flat natural shape. Various ribbon profiles are measured and the scaling law for the opening length validates a description where the in-plane stretching gradually relaxes the bending stress. An analytical model of the strip profile is proposed and a quantitative agreement is found with both experiments and simulations of the plates equations. This result provides a unique illustration of smooth nondevelopable solutions in thin sheets. PMID:25479496

Barois, Thomas; Tadrist, Loïc; Quilliet, Catherine; Forterre, Yoël

2014-11-21

402

Does string theory predict an open universe?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been claimed that the string landscape predicts an open universe, with negative curvature. The prediction is a consequence of a large number of metastable string vacua, and the properties of the Coleman De Luccia instanton which describes vacuum tunneling. We examine the robustness of this claim, which is of particular importance since it seems to be one of string theory's few claims to falsifiability. We find that, due to subleading tunneling processes, the prediction is sensitive to unknown properties of the landscape. Under plausible assumptions, universes like ours are as likely to be closed as open.

Buniy, Roman V.; Hsu, Stephen D. H.; Zee, A.

2008-02-01

403

Multiconductor Short/Open Cable Tester  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Frequent or regular testing of multiconductor cables terminated in multipin conductors tedious, if not impossible, task. This inexpensive circuit simplifies open/short testing and is amenable to automation. In operation, pair of connectors selected to match pair of connectors installed on each of cables to be tested. As many connectors accommodated as required, and each can have as many conductors as required. Testing technique implemented with this circuit automated easily with electronic controls and computer interface. Printout provides status of each conductor in cable, indicating which, if any, of conductors has open or short circuit.

Eichenberg, Dennis

1994-01-01

404

Open Access: From Myth to Paradox  

SciTech Connect

True open access to scientific publications not only gives readers the possibility to read articles without paying subscription, but also makes the material available for automated ingestion and harvesting by 3rd parties. Once articles and associated data become universally treatable as computable objects, openly available to 3rd party aggregators and value-added services, what new services can we expect, and how will they change the way that researchers interact with their scholarly communications infrastructure? I will discuss straightforward applications of existing ideas and services, including citation analysis, collaborative filtering, external database linkages, interoperability, and other forms of automated markup, and speculate on the sociology of the next generation of users.

Paul Ginsparg

2009-05-06

405

Bulk deformations of open topological string theory  

E-print Network

We present a general method to construct bulk-deformed open topological string theories from Landau-Ginzburg models. To this end we obtain a weak version of deformation quantisation, and we show how this together with the technique of homological perturbation allows to explicitly compute all bulk-deformed open topological string amplitudes at tree-level before tadpole-cancellation. Our approach is based on a coherent treatment of the problem in terms of the fundamental A-infinity- and L-infinity-structures involved.

Nils Carqueville; Michael M. Kay

2011-04-28

406

Open Access: From Myth to Paradox  

ScienceCinema

True open access to scientific publications not only gives readers the possibility to read articles without paying subscription, but also makes the material available for automated ingestion and harvesting by 3rd parties. Once articles and associated data become universally treatable as computable objects, openly available to 3rd party aggregators and value-added services, what new services can we expect, and how will they change the way that researchers interact with their scholarly communications infrastructure? I will discuss straightforward applications of existing ideas and services, including citation analysis, collaborative filtering, external database linkages, interoperability, and other forms of automated markup, and speculate on the sociology of the next generation of users.

Paul Ginsparg

2010-01-08

407

Open Educational Resources Commons: Mathematics and Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Open Educational Resources (OER) Commons is an open network of course materials and other educational resources, for all levels, that are freely available online for the use of educators, students, and self-learners. Materials include full courses, course modules, syllabi, lectures, homework assignments, quizzes, lab and classroom activities, pedagogical materials, games, simulations, and many other items. The mathematics and statistics section of OER Commons provides access to thousands of resources in all areas of math and statistics. Each resource is accompanied by metadata, including type, subject, grade level, a rating, and other types of information. Users are also invited to submit resources for others to share.

408

Open quantum systems and random matrix theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple model for open quantum systems is analyzed with random matrix theory. The system is coupled to the continuum in a minimal way. In this paper the effect on the level statistics of opening the system is seen. In particular the ?3(L ) statistic, the width distribution and the level spacing are examined as a function of the strength of this coupling. The emergence of a super-radiant transition is observed. The level spacing and ?3(L ) statistics exhibit the signatures of missed levels or intruder levels as the super-radiant state is formed.

Mulhall, Declan

2015-01-01

409

Open access in the critical care environment.  

PubMed

Open access has become an important topic in critical care over the last 3 years. In the past, critical care had restricted access and set visitation guidelines to protect patients. This article provides a review of the literature related to open access in the critical care environment, including the impact on patients, families, and health care providers. The ultimate goal is to provide care centered on patients and families and to create a healing environment to ensure safe passage of patients through their hospital stays. This outcome could lead to increased patient/family satisfaction. PMID:25438894

South, Tabitha; Adair, Brigette

2014-12-01

410

Open Technology Approaches to Geospatial Interface Design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What problems do you not want your software developers to be solving? Choosing open technologies across the entire stack of software development-from low-level shared libraries to high-level user interaction implementations-is a way to help ensure that customized software yields innovative and valuable tools for Earth Scientists. This demonstration will review developments in web application technologies and the recurring patterns of interaction design regarding exploration and discovery of geospatial data through the Vertex: ASF's Dataportal interface, a project utilizing current open web application standards and technologies including HTML5, jQueryUI, Backbone.js and the Jasmine unit testing framework.

Crevensten, B.; Simmons, D.; Alaska Satellite Facility

2011-12-01

411

Limit theorems for open quantum random walks  

E-print Network

We consider the limit distributions of open quantum random walks on one-dimensional lattice space. We introduce a dual process to the original quantum walk process, which is quite similar to the relation of Schr\\"odinger-Heisenberg representation in quantum mechanics. By this, we can compute the distribution of the open quantum random walks concretely for many examples and thereby we can also obtain the limit distributions of them. In particular, it is possible to get rid of the initial state when we consider the evolution of the walk, it appears only in the last step of the computation.

Norio Konno; Hyun Jae Yoo

2012-09-06

412

How a Curved Elastic Strip Opens  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An elastic strip is transversely clamped in a curved frame. The induced curvature decreases as the strip opens and connects to its flat natural shape. Various ribbon profiles are measured and the scaling law for the opening length validates a description where the in-plane stretching gradually relaxes the bending stress. An analytical model of the strip profile is proposed and a quantitative agreement is found with both experiments and simulations of the plates equations. This result provides a unique illustration of smooth nondevelopable solutions in thin sheets.

Barois, Thomas; Tadrist, Loïc; Quilliet, Catherine; Forterre, Yoël

2014-11-01

413

76 FR 33814 - Notice of Open Public Hearing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...REVIEW COMMISSION Notice of Open Public Hearing AGENCY: U...Commission. ACTION: Notice of open public hearing--June 15...Five Year Plan, Indigenous Innovation and Technology Transfers...Five-Year Plan, its ``Indigenous Innovation'' and industrial...

2011-06-09

414

77 FR 26826 - Notice of Open Public Hearing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...REVIEW COMMISSION Notice of Open Public Hearing AGENCY: U...Commission. ACTION: Notice of open public hearing--May 10...China's Efforts to Become an Innovation Society--A Progress Report...hearing will address China's innovation capabilities, with...

2012-05-07

415

76 FR 22945 - Notice of Open Public Hearing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...REVIEW COMMISSION Notice of Open Public Hearing AGENCY: U...Commission. ACTION: Notice of open public hearing--May 4...Property Rights and Indigenous Innovation Policy.'' Background: This...property rights and indigenous innovation, with a particular...

2011-04-25

416

Comparing and Contrasting Web Services and Open Source  

E-print Network

Software can either be developed in a way such that the source code is available to others, open source, or such that it is not, closed source. Open source software has a number of architectural advantages over traditionally ...

Katz, Jeremy Lee

2010-01-01

417

37. Photocopy of photograph. STEEL PLANT, OPEN HOUSE INSIDE PLANT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. Photocopy of photograph. STEEL PLANT, OPEN HOUSE INSIDE PLANT AT TIME OF ITS OPENING, 1910. (From the Bethlehem Steel Corporation Collection, Seattle, WA) - Irondale Iron & Steel Plant, Port Townsend, Jefferson County, WA

418

7. Interior view of open secretarial space looking toward offices ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Interior view of open secretarial space looking toward offices and exterior door; showing opened doorway to office; northwest corner of west wing; view to west. - Ellsworth Air Force Base, Administration Office, 2704 George Drive, Blackhawk, Meade County, SD

419

Spatial Valuation of Open Space Externalities in Baltimore County, Maryland  

E-print Network

Different open space types are assumed to be valued in different ways by the public. This thesis analyzes four spatially explicit hedonic models of Baltimore County, Maryland to examine the effect of six different open spaces types on house value...

Gurung, Kushal

2012-11-08

420

15 CFR 2006.13 - Information open to public inspection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Information open to public inspection. 2006.13 Section 2006.13 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating...SECTION 301 OF THE TRADE ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED § 2006.13 Information open to public inspection....

2010-01-01

421

Massively Open Online Courses Implications for Education, Technology, and Culture  

E-print Network

Massively Open Online Courses Implications for Education, Technology, and Culture McGill Hour Open: "free" for certain purposes Online: Why all February 19, 2013 Doug Fisher What is a MOOC? Massive: hundreds

Fisher, Douglas H.

422

30 CFR 57.8532 - Opening and closing ventilation doors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Opening and closing ventilation doors. 57.8532 Section 57...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Ventilation Underground Only § 57.8532 Opening and closing ventilation doors. When ventilation...

2012-07-01

423

30 CFR 57.8532 - Opening and closing ventilation doors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Opening and closing ventilation doors. 57.8532 Section 57...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Ventilation Underground Only § 57.8532 Opening and closing ventilation doors. When ventilation...

2011-07-01

424

30 CFR 57.8532 - Opening and closing ventilation doors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Opening and closing ventilation doors. 57.8532 Section 57...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Ventilation Underground Only § 57.8532 Opening and closing ventilation doors. When ventilation...

2013-07-01

425

30 CFR 57.8532 - Opening and closing ventilation doors.  

...2014-07-01 false Opening and closing ventilation doors. 57.8532 Section 57...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Ventilation Underground Only § 57.8532 Opening and closing ventilation doors. When ventilation...

2014-07-01

426

30 CFR 57.8532 - Opening and closing ventilation doors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Opening and closing ventilation doors. 57.8532 Section 57...STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Ventilation Underground Only § 57.8532 Opening and closing ventilation doors. When ventilation...

2010-07-01

427

45 CFR 702.52 - Open meeting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for making physical arrangements for Commission open meetings that provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics for public observation. (d) The presiding Commissioner at an open meeting may exclude persons from a meeting and...

2013-10-01

428

Facilitating Communication with Open Learner Models: A Semiotic Engineering Perspective  

E-print Network

Facilitating Communication with Open Learner Models: A Semiotic Engineering Perspective Peter as a facilitator of communication from a semiotic engineering perspective. Keywords: Open learner models gives an overview of OLM communication in school contexts. Semiotic engineering is then suggested

Bull, Susan

429

LONGITUDINAL VIEW OF THE SOAKING PIT BUILDING INTERIOR WITH OPEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

LONGITUDINAL VIEW OF THE SOAKING PIT BUILDING INTERIOR WITH OPEN HEARTH IN BACKGROUND AND FURNACE PIT/ STACK AREA TO THE LEFT. - Pittsburgh Steel Company, Monessen Works, Open Hearth Plant, Donner Avenue, Monessen, Westmoreland County, PA

430

VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST WITH OPEN HEARTH TO THE LEFT, PITTSBURGH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW LOOKING NORTHEAST WITH OPEN HEARTH TO THE LEFT, PITTSBURGH & LAKE ERIE RAILROAD TRACKS CENTER. - Pittsburgh Steel Company, Monessen Works, Open Hearth Plant, Donner Avenue, Monessen, Westmoreland County, PA

431

VIEW LOOKING WEST DOWN TRACKS WITH OPEN HEARTH ON THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW LOOKING WEST DOWN TRACKS WITH OPEN HEARTH ON THE RIGHT FOREGROUND AND BRICK POWER HOUSE TO LEFT, BLOOMING MILL IN BACKGROUND. - Pittsburgh Steel Company, Monessen Works, Open Hearth Plant, Donner Avenue, Monessen, Westmoreland County, PA

432

5. EXTERIOR VIEW OF ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS FOR OPEN HEARTH NO. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. EXTERIOR VIEW OF ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS FOR OPEN HEARTH NO. 5 (Martin Stupich) - U.S. Steel Homestead Works, Open Hearth Steelmaking Plant, Along Monongahela River, Homestead, Allegheny County, PA

433

4. EXTERIOR VIEW OF ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS FOR OPEN HEARTH NO. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. EXTERIOR VIEW OF ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS FOR OPEN HEARTH NO. 5 (Martin Stupich) - U.S. Steel Homestead Works, Open Hearth Steelmaking Plant, Along Monongahela River, Homestead, Allegheny County, PA

434

Open and Proprietary Biological Innovation in Human Genetic Enhancement  

E-print Network

enhancement. If open source genetics were unsuccessful or counterproductive in promoting genetic innovation, the result would be slowed discovery and development of genetic enhancements. Yet, if open source genetics were successful in spurring genetic...

Torrance, Andrew W.

2009-01-01

435

Exchange flow between open water and floating vegetation  

E-print Network

This study describes the exchange flow between a region with open water and a region with a partial-depth porous obstruction, which represents the thermally-driven exchange that occurs between open water and floating ...

Zhang, Xueyan

436

30 CFR 57.11012 - Protection for openings around travelways.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Escapeways Travelways-Surface and Underground § 57.11012 Protection for openings around travelways. Openings above, below, or near travelways through which persons or materials may fall shall be protected by railings, barriers, or...

2010-07-01

437

30 CFR 57.11012 - Protection for openings around travelways.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Escapeways Travelways-Surface and Underground § 57.11012 Protection for openings around travelways. Openings above, below, or near travelways through which persons or materials may fall shall be protected by railings, barriers, or...

2012-07-01

438

30 CFR 57.11012 - Protection for openings around travelways.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Escapeways Travelways-Surface and Underground § 57.11012 Protection for openings around travelways. Openings above, below, or near travelways through which persons or materials may fall shall be protected by railings, barriers, or...

2011-07-01

439

30 CFR 56.11012 - Protection for openings around travelways.  

...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Travelways § 56.11012 Protection for openings around travelways. Openings above, below, or near travelways through which persons or materials may fall shall be protected by railings, barriers, or...

2014-07-01

440

30 CFR 57.11012 - Protection for openings around travelways.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Escapeways Travelways-Surface and Underground § 57.11012 Protection for openings around travelways. Openings above, below, or near travelways through which persons or materials may fall shall be protected by railings, barriers, or...

2013-07-01

441

30 CFR 57.11012 - Protection for openings around travelways.  

...Escapeways Travelways-Surface and Underground § 57.11012 Protection for openings around travelways. Openings above, below, or near travelways through which persons or materials may fall shall be protected by railings, barriers, or...

2014-07-01

442

30 CFR 56.11012 - Protection for openings around travelways.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Travelways § 56.11012 Protection for openings around travelways. Openings above, below, or near travelways through which persons or materials may fall shall be protected by railings, barriers, or...

2011-07-01

443

30 CFR 56.11012 - Protection for openings around travelways.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Travelways § 56.11012 Protection for openings around travelways. Openings above, below, or near travelways through which persons or materials may fall shall be protected by railings, barriers, or...

2010-07-01

444

30 CFR 56.11012 - Protection for openings around travelways.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Travelways § 56.11012 Protection for openings around travelways. Openings above, below, or near travelways through which persons or materials may fall shall be protected by railings, barriers, or...

2012-07-01

445

30 CFR 56.11012 - Protection for openings around travelways.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Travelways § 56.11012 Protection for openings around travelways. Openings above, below, or near travelways through which persons or materials may fall shall be protected by railings, barriers, or...

2013-07-01

446

45 CFR 702.52 - Open meeting requirements.  

...for making physical arrangements for Commission open meetings that provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics for public observation. (d) The presiding Commissioner at an open meeting may exclude persons from a meeting and...

2014-10-01

447

45 CFR 702.52 - Open meeting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for making physical arrangements for Commission open meetings that provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and adequate acoustics for public observation. (d) The presiding Commissioner at an open meeting may exclude persons from a meeting and...

2011-10-01

448

Modding as an Open Source Approach to Extending Computer  

E-print Network

or play documentation Hacking closed game systems overcoming security mechanisms opening games Hacking closed game systems overcoming security mechanisms Opening games to restricted markets #12;Total sessions for storytelling or documentation Hacking closed game systems via reverse engineering overcoming

Scacchi, Walt

449

On open-closed extension of boundary string field theory  

E-print Network

We investigate a classical open-closed string field theory whose open string sector is given by boundary string field theory. The open-closed interaction is introduced by the overlap of a boundary state with a closed string field. With the help of the Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism, the closed string sector is determined to be the HIKKO closed string field theory. We also discuss the gauge invariance of this theory in both open and closed string sides.

Akira Ishida; Shunsuke Teraguchi

2012-07-11

450

Open end protection for solid oxide fuel cells  

DOEpatents

A solid oxide fuel cell (40) having a closed end (44) and an open end (42) operates in a fuel cell generator (10) where the fuel cell open end (42) of each fuel cell contains a sleeve (60, 64) fitted over the open end (42), where the sleeve (60, 64) extends beyond the open end (42) of the fuel cell (40) to prevent degradation of the interior air electrode of the fuel cell by fuel gas during operation of the generator (10).

Zafred, Paolo R. (Murrysville, PA); Dederer, Jeffrey T. (Valencia, PA); Tomlins, Gregory W. (Pittsburgh, PA); Toms, James M. (Irwin, PA); Folser, George R. (Lower Burrell, PA); Schmidt, Douglas S. (Pittsburgh, PA); Singh, Prabhakar (Export, PA); Hager, Charles A. (Zelienople, PA)

2001-01-01

451

The Economics of Open Educational Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines from an economic perspective the ways in which Open Educational Resources (OER) can be linked to economic growth, equality of access to knowledge, and the improvement of teaching and learning. In leading economies, technology and knowledge are the critical factors of economic growth, which is a significant shift from the…

Casserly, Catherine M.

2007-01-01

452

JOB OPENINGS MRI technical developments and applications  

E-print Network

JOB OPENINGS MRI technical developments and applications in animals and humans Research Imaging Institute, MRI Division, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Positions: The Research Imaging Institute, MRI Division, at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Duong, Timothy Q.

453

Concurrent Enrollment in UC Irvine Courses Open  

E-print Network

Concurrent Enrollment in UC Irvine Courses Open to the General Community Take UC Irvine classes S F O R Y O U #12;1. Obtain a UC Irvine catalog or Schedule of Classes. Course descriptions are listed the course listing in the UC Irvine General Catalogue and Schedule of Classes. 3. Take an ACCESS UCI

Rose, Michael R.

454

Communal Resources in Open Source Software Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Virtual communities play an important role in innovation. The paper focuses on the particular form of collective action in virtual communities underlying as Open Source software development projects. Method: Building on resource mobilization theory and private-collective innovation, we propose a theory of collective action in…

Spaeth, Sebastian; Haefliger, Stefan; von Krogh, Georg; Renzl, Birgit

2008-01-01

455

Educational transformation through open source approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Higher education is undergoing reforms which emphasize flexible and lifelong learning characterized by student involvement, internationalization, collaboration, and multidisciplinarity. Employers also increasingly underline the importance of communicative and collaborative skills as a prerequisite for fully taking part in the evolving information society. The processes of free and open source software production mesh well with many important findings from IS research.

Knut Staring; Ola Hodne Titlestad

456

Trusted Computing enhanced OpenID  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trusted Computing, used as a security technology, can establish trust between multiple parties. One implementation of Trusted Computing Technology standardized by the Trusted Computing Group is the Trusted Platform Module (TPM). We build on the security provided by the TPM to create a trusted variant of Identity Management Systems based on the popular OpenID protocol. We show that it is

Andreas Leicher; Andreas U. Schmidt; Yogendra Shah; Inhyok Cha

2010-01-01

457

Opening Minds: Using Language to Change Lives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sometimes a single word changes everything. In his groundbreaking book "Choice Words", Peter Johnston demonstrated how the things teachers say (and don't say) have surprising consequences for the literate lives of students. Now, in "Opening Minds: Using Language to Change Lives", Peter shows how the words teachers choose affect the worlds students…

Johnston, Peter H.

2012-01-01

458

Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Open access (OA) to the research literature has the potential to accelerate recognition and dissemination of research findings, but its actual effects are controversial. This was a longitudinal bibliometric analysis of a cohort of OA and non-OA articles published between June 8, 2004, and December 20, 2004, in the same journal (PNAS: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences). Article

Gunther Eysenbach

2006-01-01

459

Tachyon Dynamics in Open String Theory  

E-print Network

In this review we describe our current understanding of the properties of open string tachyons on an unstable D-brane or brane-antibrane system in string theory. The various string theoretic methods used for this study include techniques of two dimensional conformal field theory, open string field theory, boundary string field theory, non-commutative solitons etc. We also describe various attempts to understand these results using field theoretic methods. These field theory models include toy models like singular potential models and p-adic string theory, as well as more realistic version of the tachyon effective action based on Dirac-Born-Infeld type action. Finally we study closed string background produced by the `decaying' unstable D-branes, both in the critical string theory and in the two dimensional string theory, and describe the open string completeness conjecture that emerges out of this study. According to this conjecture the quantum dynamics of an unstable D-brane system is described by an internally consistent quantum open string field theory without any need to couple the system to closed strings. Each such system can be regarded as a part of the `hologram' describing the full string theory.

Ashoke Sen

2004-11-02

460

Open Source Software in Critical Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the main conclusions and recommendations from a Working Group on “Open Source Software and Dependability”.\\u000a The Group was launched in the framework of a cooperative structure, a Network for Dependability Engineering, and gathered\\u000a representatives often academic and industrial organizations.

Philippe David; Hélène Waeselynck; Yves Crouzet

461

Virtualized network infrastructure using OpenFlow  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present an introduction to our architecture for a virtualized network infrastructure and explain its enabling technologies including OpenFlow and Network OS for integrated control plane. To enable easy innovation within network research area, infrastructure virtualization to share a physical infrastructure among researchers and an idea of having programmability in control plane have been paid much attention.

Hideyuki Shimonishi; Shuji Ishii

2010-01-01

462

Professional Opportunities For Current Job Openings  

E-print Network

Professional Opportunities For Current Job Openings Apply at https://nih.usajobs.gov/ Then type for these positions go to: http://nih.usajobs.gov starting May 26, 2014 through June 6, 2014 To review or apply for these professional opportunities visit http://nih.usajobs.gov. For information about current professional

463

Professional Opportunities For Current Job Openings  

E-print Network

Professional Opportunities For Current Job Openings Apply at https://nih.usajobs.gov/ Then type/Telemetry/Surgical Services To apply for these positions go to: http://nih.usajobs.gov starting May 19, 2014 through June 4, 2014 To review or apply for these professional opportunities visit http://nih.usajobs.gov

464

Income distribution, factor endowments, and trade openness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the empirical links among factor endowments, trade and personal income distribution. By using panel data, we show that land and capital intensive countries have a less equal income distribution while skill intensive countries have a more equal income distribution. We also show that the effects of trade openness on inequality depend on factor endowments in a way

Antonio Spilimbergo; Juan Luis Londoño; Miguel Székely

1999-01-01

465

Evaluating open-source cloud computing solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud computing is becoming a mainstream technology in enterprise environment, promising more efficient use of hardware resources through virtualization, elastic computing facilities and secure management of user applications. Various cloud computing architectures are emerging and several commercial and open source products on the market advertise a rich feature-set. While commercial vendors try to give potential users the (not necessarily unbiased)

I. Voras; B. Mihaljevic; M. Orlic; M. Pletikosa; M. Zagar; T. Pavic; K. Zimmer; I. Cavrak; V. Paunovic; I. Bosnic; S. Tomic

2011-01-01

466

Frictions to Political Competition and Financial Openness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a political economy approach in order to explain the degree of financial openness for an economy. In the model, entrepreneurs, who may have good or bad projects, vote for policies, which are proposed by selfi sh politicians. Two political frictions (ideological adherence and a super- majority requirement) impair political competition and lead to equilibria, where

Aristotelis Boukouras; Kostas Koufopoulos

2011-01-01

467

Continuously Diagonalized Density Operatorof Open Systems  

E-print Network

We showed several years ago that the density operator of Markovian open systems can be diagonalized continuously in time. The resulting pure state jump processes correspond to quantum trajectories proposed in recent quantum optics calculations or, at fundamental level, to exact consistent histories.

Lajos Diosi

1994-10-26

468

What is an open architecture robot controller?  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the issue of what is an open architecture robot controllers. Three different classifications are defined along with the various advantages and shortcomings of each approach. Knowledge from past research and new technology has been included in this analysis. The conclusions recommend a communication-based hybrid approach with well defined interfaces between modules.

Ford, W.E.

1994-02-14

469

First Things First: Internet Relay Chat Openings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that Internet Relay Chat (IRC) research needs to systematically address links between interaction structures, technological mediation and the instantiation and development of interpersonal relationships. Finds that openings that occur directly following user's entries into public IRC channels are often ambiguous, can disrupt relationship…

Rintel, E. Sean; Mulholland, Joan; Pittam, Jeffery

2001-01-01

470

Open-Source Syringe Pump Library  

PubMed Central

This article explores a new open-source method for developing and manufacturing high-quality scientific equipment suitable for use in virtually any laboratory. A syringe pump was designed using freely available open-source computer aided design (CAD) software and manufactured using an open-source RepRap 3-D printer and readily available parts. The design, bill of materials and assembly instructions are globally available to anyone wishing to use them. Details are provided covering the use of the CAD software and the RepRap 3-D printer. The use of an open-source Rasberry Pi computer as a wireless control device is also illustrated. Performance of the syringe pump was assessed and the methods used for assessment are detailed. The cost of the entire system, including the controller and web-based control interface, is on the order of 5% or less than one would expect to pay for a commercial syringe pump having similar performance. The design should suit the needs of a given research activity requiring a syringe pump including carefully controlled dosing of reagents, pharmaceuticals, and delivery of viscous 3-D printer media among other applications. PMID:25229451

Wijnen, Bas; Hunt, Emily J.; Anzalone, Gerald C.; Pearce, Joshua M.

2014-01-01

471

Costs and Financing in Open Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These self-instructional resources have their origins in a workshop on the Costs and Financing of Open & Distance Learning which took place from 6-10 August 2007 in Gabarone, Botswana. The workshop was sponsored by the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) with the overall aim of building capacity to plan, negotiate and manage appropriate financial…

Du Vivier, Ed

2008-01-01

472

Librarians and Libraries Supporting Open Access Publishing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As new models of scholarly communication emerge, librarians and libraries have responded by developing and supporting new methods of storing and providing access to information and by creating new publishing support services. This article will examine the roles of libraries and librarians in developing and supporting open access publishing…

Richard, Jennifer; Koufogiannakis, Denise; Ryan, Pam

2009-01-01

473

New directions for stochastic open economy models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper develops a simple stochastic new open economy macroeconomic model based on sticky nominal wages. Explicit solution of the wage-setting problem under uncertainty allows one to analyze the effects of the monetary regime on welfare, expected output, and the expected terms of trade. Despite the potential interplay between imperfections due to sticky wages and monopoly, the optimal monetary policy

Maurice Obstfeld; Kenneth Rogoff

2000-01-01

474

DIALETHEISM, SEMANTIC PATHOLOGY, AND THE OPEN PAIR  

E-print Network

DIALETHEISM, SEMANTIC PATHOLOGY, AND THE OPEN PAIR Bradley Armour-Garb and James A. Woodbridge Over wish to address the dialetheist's treatment of cases of semantic pathology and to pose a worry, afflicting both consistent and inconsistent proposals for resolving semantic pathology. Thus, while our

Ahmad, Sajjad

475

RESEARCH Open Access Acupuncture modulates temporal neural  

E-print Network

RESEARCH Open Access Acupuncture modulates temporal neural responses in wide brain networks Background: Accumulating neuroimaging studies in humans have shown that acupuncture can modulate a widely, a striking feature of acupuncture-induced analgesia is found to be associated with its long-last effect

Tian, Jie

476

RESEARCH Open Access The Being of Leadership  

E-print Network

RESEARCH Open Access The Being of Leadership Wiley W Souba Abstract The ethical foundation that a realigned leadership framework - one that distinguishes being a leader as the ontological basis for what pillars of leadership - awareness, commitment, integrity, and authenticity - are proposed as fundamental

Myers, Lawrence C.

477

Chocked flows in open capillary channels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capillary systems provide a passive means to control fluids and are widely used for space craft fuel management. In the present study the forced liquid flow through an open capillary channel under low gravity conditions is investigated. Due to convective and viscous momentum transport the pressure along the flow path decreases and causes the free surface to bend inwards the

Joerg Klatte; U. Rosendahl; D. Haake; A. Grah; M. Dreyer

2007-01-01

478

Eclipsing Binary Stars in Open Clusters  

E-print Network

The study of detached eclipsing binaries in open clusters can provide stringent tests of theoretical stellar evolutionary models, which must simultaneously fit the masses, radii, and luminosities of the eclipsing stars and the radiative properties of every other star in the cluster. We review recent progress in such studies and discuss two unusually interesting objects currently under analysis. GV Carinae is an A0m + A8m binary in the Southern open cluster NGC 3532; its eclipse depths have changed by 0.1 mag between 1990 and 2001, suggesting that its orbit is being perturbed by a relatively close third body. DW Carinae is a high-mass unevolved B1V + B1V binary in the very young open cluster Collinder 228, and displays double-peaked emission in the centre of the Halpha line which is characteristic of Be stars. We conclude by pointing out that the great promise of eclipsing binaries in open clusters can only be satisfied when both the binaries and their parent clusters are well-observed, a situation which is less common than we would like.

John Southworth; J V Clausen

2006-08-01

479

BioMed Central Open Access  

E-print Network

the evolution of oxidative stress related genes in a single plant cell, we conducted comparative expressionBioMed Central Open Access Page 1 of 12 (page number not for citation purposes) BMC Genomics can give rise to oxidative stress in growing cells. Because ROS are important to cell growth, ROS

Wendel, Jonathan F.

480

Development of Disruptive Open Access Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Open access (OA) publication has emerged, with disruptive effects, as a major outlet for scholarly publication. OA publication is usually associated with on-line distribution and provides access to scholarly publications to anyone, anywhere--regardless of their ability to pay subscription fees or their association with an educational institution.…

Anderson, Terry; McConkey, Brigette

2009-01-01

481

Class Overbored: Abandoning "The Open Boat."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses possible reasons why Stephen Crane's short story "The Open Boat" does not go over well with students or the author's colleagues: (1) students cannot identify with the scenario of the story; (2) the story is a "guy" thing; (3) the teacher's enthusiasm kills the story; and (4) the story is intrinsically unteachable and dull. (RS)

Reinsmith, William A.

2000-01-01

482

Openness versus Secrecy Historical and Historiographical Remarks  

E-print Network

to them. These mechanical inventions had been constructed by the young Athanasius Kircher, at that time that the traditional historiography of science constructed secrecy in opposition to openness. Recent historiography has reinforce each other. The introduction makes also clear that much of the recent historiography has focussed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

483

Open Source Course Management and Assessment System  

E-print Network

Cross-Institutional Resource Library Resource Assembly Course Management Resource Assembly Course-CAPA Architecture Shared Cross-Institutional Resource Library Resource Assembly Course Management Resource AssemblyLON-CAPA: Open Source Course Management and Assessment System Gerd Kortemeyer Michigan State

484

Plastic debris in the open ocean  

PubMed Central

There is a rising concern regarding the accumulation of floating plastic debris in the open ocean. However, the magnitude and the fate of this pollution are still open questions. Using data from the Malaspina 2010 circumnavigation, regional surveys, and previously published reports, we show a worldwide distribution of plastic on the surface of the open ocean, mostly accumulating in the convergence zones of each of the five subtropical gyres with comparable density. However, the global load of plastic on the open ocean surface was estimated to be on the order of tens of thousands of tons, far less than expected. Our observations of the size distribution of floating plastic debris point at important size-selective sinks removing millimeter-sized fragments of floating plastic on a large scale. This sink may involve a combination of fast nano-fragmentation of the microplastic into particles of microns or smaller, their transference to the ocean interior by food webs and ballasting processes, and processes yet to be discovered. Resolving the fate of the missing plastic debris is of fundamental importance to determine the nature and significance of the impacts of plastic pollution in the ocean. PMID:24982135

Cózar, Andrés; Echevarría, Fidel; González-Gordillo, J. Ignacio; Irigoien, Xabier; Úbeda, Bárbara; Hernández-León, Santiago; Palma, Álvaro T.; Navarro, Sandra; García-de-Lomas, Juan; Ruiz, Andrea; Fernández-de-Puelles, María L.; Duarte, Carlos M.

2014-01-01

485

Outdoor Education: Opening and Closing Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opening activites (to create an atmosphere of cooperation and a desire to work, explore, and learn together) and closing activities (to summarize what has happened or been learned) for outdoor education programs are described. All activities are intended to incite enthusiasm to learn and make the learning activity a desired, joyful experience.…

Mingie, Walter, Comp.

486

Opening Mathematics Texts: Resisting the Seduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis of the writing in a grade 7 mathematics textbook distinguishes between closed texts and open texts, which acknowledge multiple possibilities. I use tools that have recently been applied in mathematics contexts, focussing on grammatical features that include personal pronouns, modality, and types of imperatives, as well as on…

Wagner, David

2012-01-01

487

Theory of laminated turbulence: open questions  

E-print Network

Theory of laminated turbulnece includes continuous layer of turbulence (statistical description, kinetic equations, Zakharov-Kolmogorov spectra, etc) AND discrete layer of turbulence (isolated groups of interacting waves, no statisticaldescription). This theory is presented, examples of possible applications are given, important open questions are formulated.

E. Kartashova

2006-07-30

488

Plastic debris in the open ocean.  

PubMed

There is a rising concern regarding the accumulation of floating plastic debris in the open ocean. However, the magnitude and the fate of this pollution are still open questions. Using data from the Malaspina 2010 circumnavigation, regional surveys, and previously published reports, we show a worldwide distribution of plastic on the surface of the open ocean, mostly accumulating in the convergence zones of each of the five subtropical gyres with comparable density. However, the global load of plastic on the open ocean surface was estimated to be on the order of tens of thousands of tons, far less than expected. Our observations of the size distribution of floating plastic debris point at important size-selective sinks removing millimeter-sized fragments of floating plastic on a large scale. This sink may involve a combination of fast nano-fragmentation of the microplastic into particles of microns or smaller, their transference to the ocean interior by food webs and ballasting processes, and processes yet to be discovered. Resolving the fate of the missing plastic debris is of fundamental importance to determine the nature and significance of the impacts of plastic pollution in the ocean. PMID:24982135

Cózar, Andrés; Echevarría, Fidel; González-Gordillo, J Ignacio; Irigoien, Xabier; Ubeda, Bárbara; Hernández-León, Santiago; Palma, Alvaro T; Navarro, Sandra; García-de-Lomas, Juan; Ruiz, Andrea; Fernández-de-Puelles, María L; Duarte, Carlos M

2014-07-15

489

Bottomonia: open bottom strong decays and spectrum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present our results for the bottomonium spectrum with self energy corrections. The bare masses used in the calculation are computed within Godfrey and Isgur's relativized quark model. We also discuss our results for the open bottom strong decay widths of higher bottomonia in the 3P0 pair-creation model.

Santopinto, E.; Ferretti, J.

2014-05-01

490

Open architecture for multilingual parallel texts  

E-print Network

Multilingual parallel texts (abbreviated to parallel texts) are linguistic versions of the same content ("translations"); e.g., the Maastricht Treaty in English and Spanish are parallel texts. This document is about creating an open architecture for the whole Authoring, Translation and Publishing Chain (ATP-chain) for the processing of parallel texts.

Benitez, M T Carrasco

2008-01-01

491

Contract-Open ITT Invitation to Tender  

E-print Network

Contract-Open ITT Invitation to Tender for Haulage of Round Timber, Southern England Contract No information is available on our website at www.forestry.gov.uk 1 Type and term of contract We will be awarding a contract for the haulage of round timber from FC land in the south of England to Norbord, South Molton

492

Vasectomy failure and open-ended vasectomy.  

PubMed

The author of this letter comments on the earlier exchange of letters on vasectomy failure. In the present author's opinion, vasectomy failures are most often caused by the inadequate creation of a barrier of fascia between the cut ends of the vas. The use of a magnifier makes it easier to spot and correct this error. The conventional electrosurgical unit is the worst cautery used due to the potential for current leakage between the wall of the vas and the fascia. The desiccating effect of cautery units using red hot wire makes this the unit of choice. At present, the open-end technique appears to be most effective, although the creation of a spermatic granuloma risks involvement of the spermatic nerve. Research is needed in terms of observations of the vas end in humans after open-end vasectomy and an explanation of the difference in spermatic granulomas between cases in which the end of the vas is sealed and those in which the testicular end of the vas is left open. It is speculated that this difference is due to the difference in time of development of these granulomas. Finally, it is recommended in cases of postoperative orchialgia that the vas be transected about 1 cm proximal to the vasectomy and be left open to reduce the pressure within the epididymis and create a low-pressure spermatic granuloma. PMID:4054335

Schmidt, S S

1985-10-01

493

Wide Open Spaces: Wikis Ready or Not  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Remember when the Internet was about opening up access to information and breaking down the barriers between content creators and content consumers? Think back to when spam was just a meatlike substance. To those heady days when Timothy Leary was predicting that the PC would be the LSD of the nineties. Before the DMCA. Before eBay. Back when the…

Lamb, Brian

2004-01-01

494

Competentum: Open Astronomy 1.0  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Open Astronomy 1.0 is a commercial, fully interactive multimedia course in Astronomy. The included Interactive Planetarium is capable of simulating movement and positioning of more than 9000 stars, 8 large and 100 small planets within the Solar system, and over 200 comets, nebulae, and galaxies.

Group, Open T.

2005-04-26

495

Teacher Training at the UK Open University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the educational programs of the UK (United Kingdom) Open University from the 1970s to the present. Diversification from undergraduate courses to advanced diplomas and inservice courses is explained, and the variety and breadth of current courses are described. Challenges for the future are raised, including issues of government funding.…

Boyd-Barrett, Oliver

1993-01-01

496

Open circular billiards and the Riemann Hypothesis  

E-print Network

1859 paper Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann (1826-1866) published an 8-page paper "On the numberOpen circular billiards and the Riemann Hypothesis RH Sesquicentennial Lecture University;The distribution of primes Prior to Riemann the following results were known: · Euclid

Dettmann, Carl

497

March 15, 2005 CMS Data Grid, Open  

E-print Network

Ian Fisk March 15, 2005 CMS Data Grid, Open Science Grid, and Condor-C #12;Ian M. Fisk Fermilab Condor Week March 15, 2005 Formation of the CMS Data Grid The 4 experiments being constructed and status exchange, and execution of requests. 2 #12;Ian M. Fisk Fermilab Condor Week March 15, 2005 CMS

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

498

Self-Sustaining Open Source Software  

E-print Network

Self-Sustaining Open Source Software Development Peter Gutmann University of Auckland projects don't translate easily into a sustainable business model #12;The Sleepycat License Originated in servers because tweaking networking and filesystem code is cool · OSS developers will cherry

Gutmann, Peter

499

Open-Ended Test Items Pose Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most experts in the testing community have presumed that the $350 million promised by the U.S. Department of Education to support common assessments would promote those that made greater use of open-ended items capable of measuring higher-order critical-thinking skills. But as measurement experts consider the multitude of possibilities for an…

Sawchuk, Stephen

2010-01-01

500

MEDICAL/ DENTAL/ VISION OPEN ENROLLMENT / CHANGE FORM  

E-print Network

with this enrollment form. Failure to provide proof documentation may delay the processing and effective date.unm.edu/benefits/enrollment for details and required documentation Appt %: ________ BCAT: ______________ Annualized Salary: documentation and eligibility details) OPEN ENROLLMENT (For newly added Dependents, see documentation required

New Mexico, University of