Sample records for american military history

  1. American Military History, Social Studies: 6416.15.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, John A.

    Military institutions in the United States are examined from a historical perspective by students in grades 10 through 12 in this quinmester social studies course. Objectives are for students to identify pertinent information about selected wars; describe factors that have influenced the development of American military policy and the organization…

  2. Documents in Military History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).

  3. Teaching About the Military in American History: A History Institute for Teachers. Footnotes. Volume 12, Number 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuehner, Trudy

    2007-01-01

    On March 24-25, 2007 FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 23 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about the Military in U.S. history. The Institute was held at and co-sponsored by the Cantigny First Division Museum. Sessions included: (1) War and the Military in American

  4. The history of military cranioplasty.

    PubMed

    Bonfield, Christopher M; Kumar, Anand R; Gerszten, Peter C

    2014-04-01

    There is evidence that the neurosurgical procedure of cranioplasty is as ancient as its better-known counterpart, trephination. With origins in pre-Incan Peru, cranioplasty remains an important reconstructive procedure for modern craniofacial surgery teams to master. Solutions to the often challenging problem of repairing skull defects continue to evolve to improve patient outcomes. Throughout recorded history, advances in cranioplasty have paralleled major military conflicts due to survivorship after trephination or decompressive craniectomy. Primitive skull coverings used in Peru were later replaced during the Middle Ages by grafts obtained in animals and humans. Improved survivorship secondary to advances in anesthesia and battlefield medicine during the Crimean War and the American Civil War allowed the use of tantalum and acrylic cranioplasty to evolve during World Wars I and II. In the modern era of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts, greater survivorship after cranial injury due to improvements in protective armor, medical evacuation, and early "far-forward" neurosurgical treatment have occurred. Consequently, the last decade has seen great advancement in cranial defect reconstruction, including custom-fabricated alloplast implants and the emergence of regenerative cranial treatments such as distraction osteogenesis, protected bone regeneration, and free tissue transfers. Comprehensive rehabilitation after neurotrauma has emerged as the new standard of care. PMID:24684330

  5. Reexamining some management lessons from military history

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

    2009-01-01

    Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

  6. Writing American Indian History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noley, Grayson B.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to critique the manner in which history about American Indians has been written and propose a rationale for the rethinking of what we know about this subject. In particular, histories of education as regards the participation of American Indians is a subject that has been given scant attention over the years and when…

  7. African American History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1997-01-01

    The Mississippi State University African American History Archive is a great place to start for pointers to African American history sites, as well as an excellent repository of African American history primary documents. The sites include Adonis Productions' Black Pioneers page (with pages on African American pioneers in all fields), Great Day In Harlem (jazz), Mississippi State's AfriGeneas genealogy mailing list and Web site, Small Towns-Black Lives in New Jersey, African American pioneers in Kentucky law, and the International Museum of the Horse's Buffalo Soldier pages. Full text documents include Dr. Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech, Booker T. Washington's "Up From Slavery", Frederick Douglass' "Autobiography" and "My Escape from Slavery", and Henry David Thoreau's "A Plea for Captain John Brown" and "Slavery in Massachussetts", among others. The site also contains African American bibliographies in the arts, education, history, and science, as well as pointers to other African American sites. http://www.msstate.edu/Archives/History/USA/Afro-Amer/afro.html

  8. American History Picture Show

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ms. Bennion

    2009-11-23

    In class we read Katie's Picture Show, a book about a girl who discovers art first-hand one day at an art museum in London. She realizes she can climb into the paintings, explore her surroundings, and even solve problems for the subjects of the paintings. As part of our unit on American history, we are going to use art to further learn about some of the important events we have been discussing. Each of these works of art depicts an important event in American History. When you click on a picture, you will be able to see the name of the event as well as the artist who created it. You will be using all three pictures for this assignment.Use the websites ...

  9. Classics of American Colonial History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Presented by Dinsmore Documentation, Classics of American Colonial History is a research database consisting of scholarly books and articles on American colonial history that, according to the creators, "appear to be of continuing interest." The collection currently offers 22 source materials by 15 different authors. Browseable by author or subject, the collection contains subject categories including Administration, African Americans and Slavery, Economics and Trade, Immigration from Europe, Law, Native Americans, Politics, Religion, and Wars.

  10. Military Drill in the Service of American Hegemony over Hawaii

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beyer, C. Kalani

    2009-01-01

    Recently, there has been an interest in investigating who have historically served in the American military, particularly during periods of war. These studies report that men from lower socio-economic groups tend to be over represented in military service, especially after voluntary service replaced the draft during the 1970s. Much work remains to…

  11. Vietnamese Americans: Lessons in American History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teaching Tolerance, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Teaching Tolerance is pleased to announce a new partnership with the Orange County Asian and Pacific Islander Community Alliance in the online release of its interdisciplinary curriculum, "Vietnamese Americans: Lessons in American History." The curriculum guide-- complete with timelines, maps and primary sources--offers eight lesson plans,…

  12. Surgeons reconsidered: military medical men of the American revolution.

    PubMed

    Marshall, Tabitha

    2010-01-01

    This paper assesses the reputation of British military medical staff in the 18th century, focusing on the character and professionalism of regimental surgeons and mates who served at the time of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Examining the careers and contributions of men such as Thomas Dickson Reide, Robert Jackson, and Robert Hamilton reveals that--in contrast to charges of ineptitude, laziness and dishonesty among military surgeons--the British army could count on a cadre of military medical men who were devoted both to their patients and to the advancement of their profession. PMID:21465843

  13. Talking about War: Reflections on Doing Oral History and Military History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coffman, Edward M.

    2000-01-01

    Reflects on the use of oral history in the author's scholarship on World War I and the peacetime U.S. army. Discusses the availability of accounts with veterans through oral history and provides a list of oral history sources of the military services. (CMK)

  14. American Educational History Journal, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watras, Joseph, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This 2001 annual publication contains 31 articles on topics germane to the history of education. Each year, this journal publishes papers presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest History of Education Society. After the "Introduction" (R. J. Taggart) articles in this year's issue are: "Origins of the American Federation of Teachers: Issues…

  15. The Harmony of Yin and Yank: The American Military Advisory Effort in China, 1941-1951

    E-print Network

    Babb, Joseph G.

    2012-08-31

    THE HARMOMY OF YIN AND YANK: The American Military Advisory Effort in China, 1941-1951 By Joseph G. D. Babb Professor J. Megan Greene, Advisor The American military personnel assigned to advise and assist China's armed ...

  16. Guide to Sources: American History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Thomas H., Comp.

    Designed to introduce students to some of the basic bibliographic tools in American history available in the Fogler Library at the University of Maine, this guide begins by listing examples of relevant Library of Congress Subject Headings and providing brief explanations of the call numbers and classification systems (Library of Congress and Dewey…

  17. History of American Education Primer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boers, David

    2007-01-01

    This book depicts the evolution of American educational history from 1630 to the present. The book highlights how ideological managers have shaped society and, because schools mirror society, have thus had a profound impact on education and schooling. Five common areas of study - philosophy, politics, economics, social sciences, and religion -…

  18. History of American Education Web Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Maintained by Professor Robert N. Barger at Notre Dame, this site offers an online history of American education from the Puritans to the present. Separate sections focus on European Influences on American Educational History, the Colonial Period of American Education, the Early National Period of American Education (ca. 1776-1840), the Common School Period of American Education (ca. 1840-1880), the Progressive Period of American Education, and the Modern Period of American Education (ca. 1920-present). Each section offers brief scholarly essays on relevant topics as well as images and texts from the period discussed.

  19. Challenges Faced by Undergraduate Military Students at American Public University System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machuca, Ana; Torres, Karin; Morris, Pamela; Whitley, William

    2014-01-01

    This paper will summarize some of challenges faced by military students enrolled in an associate and bachelors online program at American Public University System (APUS). The survey results on which the study is based exposed the following problems faced by military personnel: 48.7% had difficulties working around military obligations, 33.3%…

  20. Contributions of Black Americans, Indian Americans, Mexican Americans and Asian Americans to American History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santa Clara County Office of Education, San Jose, CA.

    The teacher resource guide for grades K through 12 was developed by a multi ethnic committee of educators to comply with the California Education code. "Instruction in the social sciences shall include the early history of California and a study of the role and contributions of American Negroes, American Indians, Mexicans, and other ethnic groups…

  1. Crisis as Shirking: An Agency Theory Explanation of the Souring of American Civil-Military Relations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter D. Feaver

    1998-01-01

    The alleged crisis in American civil-military relations is best explained by grounding it in a general theory rather than in an ad hoc exegesis of recent events. This article introduces the agency model, a simple game-theoretic understanding of civil-military relations. According to agency theory, the current friction in American civil-military relations reflects the conflict associated with intrusive monitoring by civilians

  2. Teaching American History in a Global Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guarneri; Carl, Ed.; Davis, James, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    This comprehensive resource is an invaluable aid for adding a global dimension to students' understanding of American history. It includes a wide range of materials from scholarly articles and reports to original syllabi and ready-to-use lesson plans to guide teachers in enlarging the frame of introductory American history courses to an…

  3. Teaching American History Evaluation: Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinstock, Phyllis; Tseng, Fannie; Humphrey, Daniel; Gillespie, Marilyn; Yee, Kaily

    2011-01-01

    In 2001, Congress established the Teaching American History (TAH) program, which seeks to improve student achievement by improving teachers' knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of traditional American history as a separate subject within the core curriculum. Under this program, grants are awarded to local education agencies (LEAs), which…

  4. American Association for the History of Nursing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The American Association for the History of Nursing (AAHN) website provides a wealth of resources -- such as online exhibits and subject bibliographies -- for persons interested in the history of nursing. The site also offers an annotated Internet link index to resources on nursing history. Overall, the AAHN website is a good resource for persons interested in medical history, as well as for nursing students taking courses on their professionâ??s history.

  5. ‘Pounding Their Feet’: Israeli Military Culture as Reflected in Early IDF Combat History

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gil-li Vardi

    2008-01-01

    How did the Israel Defense Forces' (IDF) organisational and military culture shape their understanding of security threats, perceptions of warfare, and instinctive responses to security challenges? Israel's early military history is marked by the stubborn persistence of accepted patterns of thought and action. In the first twenty years of its existence, the IDF habitually came to sacrifice both political and

  6. American Civi-Military Relations and Military Government: The Service of Colonel Alexander Doniphan in the Mexican War

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph G. Dawson

    1996-01-01

    As an American volunteer colonel during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), Alexander W. Doniphan played a leading role in the earliest experiences of the U.S. military government. Serving as an officer in the U.S. expedition that captured Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1846, Doniphan was ordered to write a constitution and set of laws for the New Mexico Territory. Furthermore, Doniphan

  7. Perspectives in the History of Military Education and Professionalism. The Harmon Memorial Lectures in Military History, Number Twenty-two.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preston, Richard A.

    Military professionalism began developing with the creation of professional officer corps in Prussia, France, and Britain during the 19th century. Prussia had a system that focused on practical military qualifications and promoted social discrimination. In contrast, the French system placed heavy emphasis on competition and had officials that…

  8. Mixed Agency in Military Psychology: Applying the American Psychological Association Ethics Code

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carrie H. Kennedy; W. Brad Johnson

    2009-01-01

    Military psychology can diverge significantly from traditional psychological practice. Mixed-agency conflicts—those arising when a military psychologist's obligations to individual patients compete with obligations to the Department of Defense or federal regulations—can generate challenging ethical dilemmas. This article explores the notion of mixed agency within the military setting and addresses the most pertinent aspects of the American Psychological Association's (2002) Ethical

  9. Teaching African American History: A Literary Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackey, Gerald; Tolbert, Gail W.

    1995-01-01

    Describes a unit which offers high school students a broader perspective on African American history in general and African American writers in particular. Describes how students choose a book (from a list with synopses) to read and then choose at least one activity (again from a list) to complete. (SR)

  10. Puritan Military Justice: American War Crimes and the Global War on Terrorism 

    E-print Network

    Lorenzo, Ronald

    2012-07-16

    Exploring Puritanical cultural habits in the 21st century American military, the following study focuses on U.S. Army courts-martial in the Global War on Terrorism. The study uses Emile Durkheim's original sociological ...

  11. Black Chronicle: An American History Textbook Supplement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kailin, Clarence S.; Sylvester, Mary Jean, Ed.

    The chronicle provides an accurate and balanced representation of the history of the black experience in an effort to counteract misinformation presented in most textbooks. American history textbooks used in Wisconsin school districts ignore or distort the cultural experiences and contributions of blacks, often omitting important information,…

  12. Teaching Military History--Why and How: A History Institute for Teachers. Footnotes. Volume 12, Number 23

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuehner, Trudy

    2007-01-01

    On September 29-30, 2007, FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education presented a weekend of discussion on "Teaching Military History: Why and How" for 35 teachers from 22 states across the country. The institute was held at the First Division Museum in Wheaton, Illinois and co-sponsored by the Cantigny First Division Foundation.…

  13. Reconstructing Native American Population History

    PubMed Central

    Reich, David; Patterson, Nick; Campbell, Desmond; Tandon, Arti; Mazieres, Stéphane; Ray, Nicolas; Parra, Maria V.; Rojas, Winston; Duque, Constanza; Mesa, Natalia; García, Luis F.; Triana, Omar; Blair, Silvia; Maestre, Amanda; Dib, Juan C.; Bravi, Claudio M.; Bailliet, Graciela; Corach, Daniel; Hünemeier, Tábita; Bortolini, Maria-Cátira; Salzano, Francisco M.; Petzl-Erler, María Luiza; Acuña-Alonzo, Victor; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Tusié-Luna, Teresa; Riba, Laura; Rodríguez-Cruz, Maricela; Lopez-Alarcón, Mardia; Coral-Vazquez, Ramón; Canto-Cetina, Thelma; Silva-Zolezzi, Irma; Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos; Contreras, Alejandra V.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo; Gómez-Vázquez, María José; Molina, Julio; Carracedo, Ángel; Salas, Antonio; Gallo, Carla; Poletti, Giovanni; Witonsky, David B.; Alkorta-Aranburu, Gorka; Sukernik, Rem I.; Osipova, Ludmila; Fedorova, Sardana; Vasquez, René; Villena, Mercedes; Moreau, Claudia; Barrantes, Ramiro; Pauls, David; Excoffier, Laurent; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rothhammer, Francisco; Dugoujon, Jean Michel; Larrouy, Georges; Klitz, William; Labuda, Damian; Kidd, Judith; Kidd, Kenneth; Rienzo, Anna Di; Freimer, Nelson B.; Price, Alkes L.; Ruiz-Linares, Andrés

    2013-01-01

    The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved1–5. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred via a single6–8 or multiple streams of migration from Siberia9–15. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly understood. To address these questions at higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups genotyped at 364,470 single nucleotide polymorphisms. We show that Native Americans descend from at least three streams of Asian gene flow. Most descend entirely from a single ancestral population that we call “First American”. However, speakers of Eskimo-Aleut languages from the Arctic inherit almost half their ancestry from a second stream of Asian gene flow, and the Na-Dene-speaking Chipewyan from Canada inherit roughly one-tenth of their ancestry from a third stream. We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. A major exception is in Chibchan-speakers on both sides of the Panama Isthmus, who have ancestry from both North and South America. PMID:22801491

  14. Situational or Personal: Interest in American History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Victoria Caterina

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of the study was to investigate how individuals with a stated interest in American history described their interest. Understanding interest and the factors influencing interest development in a particular content is important as personal interest has been described as "having a critical role in the learning and development of both…

  15. The Newspaper in the American History Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newton, Richard F.; Sprague, Peter F.

    This teacher guide contains 14 sample lesson plans based on issues faced throughout American history and still being headlined in today's newspaper. The lesson plans include exploration and National Pride, Jefferson and Hamilton, Checks and Balances, Supply and Demand, Presidential Impeachment, Voting Rights, Historical Analogies, Predictions and…

  16. A Structural View of American Educational History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxcy, Spencer J.

    1977-01-01

    Displays the components of the structuralist views of Levi-Strauss, Michel Foucault, and Thomas S. Kuhn; constructs a model for doing structuralist studies in educational research; and tests the model on the pragmatic/progressive period in American educational history. (Author/IRT)

  17. Toward a Multicultural American Public Library History

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cheryl Knott Malone

    A recent interpretive shift in library history posits public libraries as institutions that advance the dominant culture's ideology. Complicating the research questions that arise from such an interpretive stance is the multicultural society in which libraries in the United States operate. This article reviews selected books and articles, particularly those related to African-American experiences in and around libraries, and suggests

  18. Syllabi for Early American History and Literature

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Assembled by Edward Gallagher, Professor of English at Lehigh University, this collection contains seventeen syllabi from undergraduate and graduate courses in pre-1865 American literature and history. University educators and graduate students will find numerous items of interest and use for designing or revising their own courses.

  19. Military Student Attitudes Toward American Preparatory Institute and Competency-Based, Continuous-Progress Instruction. Research Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summers, Barbara Stodghill

    Based on surveys of military student attitudes toward American Preparatory Institute (API), the study provided information about competency-based, continuous-progress high school level instruction at API, a private high school for military adults. Students were predominantly male enlisted military personnel, the mean age was approximately 20…

  20. Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

  1. Natural History Guide to American Samoa

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Craig, P.

    The National Park Service offers this incredibly extensive guide to the marine and wildlife resources of American Samoa, written by and reflecting the research of eight biologists at the Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources of National Park of American Samoa and the Land Grant Program at the American Samoa Community College. The guide, which may be viewed online or downloaded, covers dozens of topics related to Samoa's marine and terrestrial environments, including coral bleaching, sharks, humpback whales, flying foxes, invasive and agricultural pests, bird checklists, and much more. The Web site also provides local facts and area maps. Well-designed and full of colorful photographs, the Natural History Guide to American Samoa is definitely worth a look.

  2. American Indian History and Related Issues

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This excellent site offers a number of documentary resources on American Indian History as well as annotated links to other sites with a similar focus. The highlights of the site are the collections of maps, drawings, other artwork and photographs documenting Native American experience. Particularly impressive is the Native American Experience section, which contains hundreds of "photographs, drawings, maps and short descriptions chronicling the experiences of the Native American population dating from the first migrations from Siberia (pre-1600) through recent experiences." Also of great historical interest is the Theodore De Bry Copper Plate Engravings collection, which features elaborate engravings with accompanying written descriptions (viewable in thumbnail or full-screen sizes) of Indian life as perceived by sixteenth-century European settlers.

  3. Surveying the History of American Education: Four Recent Textbooks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Dalton B., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Interpretations of American educational history in the following four books are compared: "History of Education and Culture in America" (H. Warren Button and Eugene F. Provenzo, Jr.), "Americans and Their Schools" (Erwin V. Johanningmeier), "History of Education in America" 3rd ed. (John D. Pulliam), and "The Opening Up of American Education: A…

  4. The African-American History of Martha's Vineyard.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weintraub, Elaine

    1993-01-01

    Reports on research into African American history and experiences in Martha's Vineyard (Massachusetts). Examines primary sources and oral traditions of African American cultural and social history from 1703 to the present. Discusses African American sailors, race relations, and contributions by African American individuals to the community. (CFR)

  5. A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917

    E-print Network

    Strauss, Lon Jeffrey

    2012-05-31

    built upon a history of espionage activities in the Philippines and in episodes of strikebreaking at the turn of the century. On a massive scale for the first time in U.S. history, agents of military intelligence conducted a campaign of surveillance upon...

  6. The Two Faces of American Power: Military and Political Communication during the Cuban Missile Crisis

    E-print Network

    Deinema, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The mismatches between political discourse and military momentum in the American handling of the Cuban missile crisis are explained by using the model of the potential autopoiesis of subsystems. Under wartime conditions, the codes of political and military communications can increasingly be differentiated. Design/methodology/approach: The model of a further differentiation between political and military power is developed on the basis of a detailed description of the Cuban missile crisis. We introduce the concept of a "semi-dormant autopoiesis" for the difference in the dynamics between peacetime and wartime conditions. Findings: Several dangerous incidents during the crisis can be explained by a sociocybernetic model focusing on communication and control, but not by using an organization-theoretical approach. The further differentiation of the military as a subsystem became possible in the course of the twentieth century because of ongoing learning processes about previous wars.

  7. A Composite Counterstorytelling: Memoirs of African American Military Students in Hawaii Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hairston, Kimetta R.

    2010-01-01

    There are social, educational and behavioral problems for African American students in Hawaii public schools. Utilizing Critical Race Theory as a lens for analysis, the perceptions and experiences of these students regarding race, ethnic identity, military lineage, and self-definition are addressed. A composite counterstory of the researcher's and…

  8. Latin American Business History: Resources and Research

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Starting in December 2007, a team of researchers at the Harvard Business School began interviewing 21 leading business practitioners from Argentina and Chile for their Latin American business history initiative. The hope is that these oral histories will serve as a valuable resource for research on the business history of these two countries since the 1960s. On this site, visitors can listen to the interviews (in Spanish) and also read transcripts in English. Each profile contains a brief biography of each businessperson, along with material on their service to their respective industry. Moving on, visitors can also look through the rest of the Baker Library Historical Collections, which include collection of Brazilian railroad company records and the photographic records of the United Fruit Company.

  9. American Association for State and Local History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The American Association for State and Local History (AASLH) began in 1940, when the Conference of State and Local History disbanded and a new organization was created. The AASLH is headquartered in Nashville, TN, and provides services, leadership and innovative programs to history organizations large and small. The "National Initiatives" tab at the top of this website contains a link to the "Traveling Exhibits Clearinghouse" which will be of interest to visitors who work in history organizations. The Clearinghouse aims to "give the field of state and local history an easy online resource to advertise and search for traveling exhibits." Also in the National Incentives tab is a link to "Research" on enduring issues in the field of state and local history, such as the cultivation of world cultural heritage, government funding of museums, and the civic mission of schools. Visitors interested in learning about the behind-the-scenes of the Civil War 150 must check out the "Civil War Sesquicentennial" link, under the same tab as the Research link. Also, there are podcasts and a list of websites or contacts for the states involved in the commemoration.

  10. American History and Art from New England

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Students, teachers, and just about anyone with an interest in American history will find helpful resources at the Memorial Hall Museum Online, a village museum of 300-year-old Deerfield, Massachusetts. Features of the site include: the Digital Collection, a searchable database of over 1,000 artifacts selected from 70,000 in the Museum's holdings; In the Classroom, a collection of curriculum ideas for teachers; and the Turns of the Centuries exhibit. This exhibit presents images and artifacts on five broad themes: Family Life, Native American Indians, African Americans, Newcomers, and The Land. The exhibits span across three eras -- 1680-1720, 1780-1820, and 1880-1920. For example, in The Land 1880-1920, view a collection of posters and publicity from the agricultural fairs and expositions popular at that time. Photographs by Frances and Mary Allen are used as illustrations throughout the site. These photographs, produced between 1885 and 1920, are often romanticized visions of colonial times in New England but are nonetheless significant examples of Pictorial style photography. There is also an Activities section, with Scavenger Hunt, Dress Up, Make a Chronology, and a Tailor Your Visit pages. The latter suggests resources for teachers, researchers, and K-12 students.

  11. Lieutenant Colonel Robert L. Eichelberger and the American Military Intelligence Division in Siberia, 1919-1920 

    E-print Network

    Luckett, Judith Blodgett

    1974-01-01

    rla mAR 1 THE RAILROADS OF' RUSSIAN CENTRAL AND EASTERN ASIA third fragment of' track rsn from Spssskoe (about 100 miles north of Vladivostok) to Ussuri and was commanded by Colonel Robert H ~ Sillmano These f irst three seg- ments were...LIEUTENANT COLONEL ROBERT L ~ EICHELBERGER ANO THE AMERICAN MILITARY INTELLIGENCE OIVISION IN SIBERIA, 1919-1920 A Thesis by JUO ITH BLODGETT LUCKETT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&% University in partial fulfillment...

  12. The American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education: A History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ducharme, Edward R.; Ducharme, Mary K.

    On the 50th anniversary of the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE), this book examines the history of AACTE's work. Section 1 describes the early history, from 1902-1947, when it was the American Association of Teachers Colleges (AATC). Section 2 discusses the years from 1948 forward, when the AACTE was formed and the…

  13. Sacred and Profane American History: Does It Exist in Textbooks?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Tony Waters, a sociologist at California State University, Chico, has raised an interesting issue about the intellectual conflict some of his students experienced when they arrived on campus and enrolled in American history classes. He reported students were perplexed to find there were two kinds of American history--the version they learned in…

  14. Technological politics and the political history of African-Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce Cosby

    1995-01-01

    This dissertation is a critical study of technopolitical issues in the history of African American people. Langdon Winner's theory of technopolitics was used to facilitate the analysis of large scale technologies and their compatibility with various political ends. I contextualized the central technopolitical issues within the major epochs of African American political history: the Atlantic slave trade, the African artisans

  15. Eugenics and public health in American history.

    PubMed Central

    Pernick, M S

    1997-01-01

    Supporters of eugenics, the powerful early 20th-century movement for improving human heredity, often attacked that era's dramatic improvements in public health and medicine for preserving the lives of people they considered hereditarily unfit. Eugenics and public health also battled over whether heredity played a significant role in infectious diseases. However, American public health and eugenics had much in common as well. Eugenic methods often were modeled on the infection control techniques of public health. The goals, values, and concepts of disease of these two movements also often overlapped. This paper sketches some of the key similarities and differences between eugenics and public health in the United States, and it examines how their relationship was shaped by the interaction of science and culture. The results demonstrate that eugenics was not an isolated movement whose significance is confined to the histories of genetics and pseudoscience, but was instead an important and cautionary part of past public health and a general medical history as well. PMID:9366633

  16. National Museum of American History's OurStory Program: History, Literature, and Civic Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coquillon, Naomi; Wei, Jenny

    2011-01-01

    In 1998, the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center launched OurStory: History through Children's Literature, a history and literacy program series for family visitors to the Museum that was designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together. Ten years later, to reach a broader, national…

  17. Music for the injured soldier: a contribution of American women's military bands during World War II.

    PubMed

    Sullivan, Jill M

    2007-01-01

    This study is an investigation of the contributions of women's military bands in the United States to the reconditioning of the injured American troops during World War II. Primary and secondary sources revealed that these bands welcomed home hospital ships, performed for convalescing soldiers in hospitals, and provided music for hospital dances. While each of the bands investigated served in similar capacities, only one, the 403rd Women's Army Corps (WAC) Band, was stationed at a hospital. While entertainment by women's bands was an important part of the Army Reconditioning Program for the injured, the study also revealed a working partnership that developed between these musicians and the medical community. Sixty years after the war, band members believe their performances in hospitals were the most important contribution of their service. Some historians have concluded that music used in military hospitals during the war was the impetus for the music therapy profession. PMID:17645389

  18. Whole Cloth: Discovering Science and Technology Through American Textile History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) has released three units of an eight-unit interdisciplinary curriculum that examines "the history of textiles, the technology and science of production, and their consumption" for American history or social studies courses in middle and high school. Included among the goals for this curriculum is a "hope that teachers and students will learn more about technology and invention, about American history, and about how women and people of color interacted with technology throughout history." Each unit contains hands-on activities and handouts for students, lesson plans and notes for teachers, glossaries, and bibliographies. The development of this curriculum was supported by the National Science Foundation, the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, and the Center for Children and Technology.

  19. Institutional origins of the Department of Energy: the Office of Military Application. Energy History Series Volume 1, No. 1

    SciTech Connect

    Anders, R. M.

    1980-08-01

    The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 brought together for the first time in one department most of the government's energy programs. With these programs came a score of organizational entities, each with its own history and traditions, from a dozen departments and independent agencies. This report traces the history of the Office of Military Application, from its inception as the Division of Military Application in the Atomic Energy Commission, through the Energy Research and Development Administration to its present status as an office in the Department of Energy. (RWR)

  20. American Museum of Natural History: Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The website of the Science department at the American Museum of Natural History in New York has some great interactive features, including a video, entitled "Scientific Expeditions 2008". Visitors should click on "See the Video", which is located front and center on the Science homepage. To "download the transcript" click the link above the video. Also, the video is captioned for those who are hearing impaired. The section entitled Science at the Museum: Exploration and Discovery gives a good overview of the Science department at the museum, and the changes it has made over time. The department consists of the following sections, accessible by clicking on the menu on the right hand side of the page: "Anthropology", "Invertebrate Zoology", "Vertebrate Zoology", "Paleontology", and "Physical Sciences". Those persons interested in hearing talks at the museum, will want to click on "AMNH Podcasts", on the right hand side of the page, below the menu. The latest podcast, from May 2009, features author Michael Pollan. There are a number of ways to subscribe to the podcasts, including RSS and iTunes. [KMG]To find this resource and more high-quality online resources in math and science visit Scout's sister site - AMSER, the Applied Math and Science Educational Repository at http://amser.org.

  1. Oxford Journals Humanities Journal of American History Volume 100, Issue 4 Pp. 1265-1266. Online ISSN 1945-2314 -Print ISSN 0021-8723

    E-print Network

    Solovey, Mark

    Oxford Journals Humanities Journal of American History Volume 100, Issue 4 Pp. 1265-1266. + Online-researched account of the rise of a new patronage system for the social sciences in the early Cold War­era United), the military science establishment, and the Ford Foundation--form the heart of this book. After examining

  2. 1. Historic American Building Survey Thompson & West Illustrated History ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Building Survey Thompson & West Illustrated History of Sacramento Co. Drawing of 1880 Plan & Rephoto 1960 NORTHEAST CORNER AND GENERAL PLAN - Crocker Art Gallery, 216 O Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  3. Women Studies: Women in American History; HERstory-Changing Roles of American Women. Preliminary Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millstein, Beth; And Others

    Two draft courses of study together with some suggested learning activities are presented for initial tryout and experimentation: 1) Women's Studies - Women in American History; and 2) HIStory and HERstory: Changing Roles of the American Women. These experimental curriculum materials may serve as resource for an option, an alternative, an…

  4. History of the American West, 1860-1920

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This new release from the Library of Congress (LOC) American Memory collection features over 30,000 photographs from the holdings of the Western History and Genealogy Department at Denver Public Library. Taken mostly between 1860 and 1920, the photos document multiple facets of American western history. The collection may be searched by keyword or browsed by subject or name. Special features include exhibits on Native American Women; L.C. McLure and Denver, the City Beautiful; and the 10th Mountain Division, ski and mountain troops trained in Colorado who saw action in Italy.

  5. A Guide: To The Negro in American History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halliday, J. Stuart; Cox, Buford Jr.

    The black American has played a significant part in the development of the United States and the making of its institutions, but unfortunately historians have failed to objectively record and properly deal with Negro history. This instructional guide for secondary students, written in outline form, attempts to portray Negro history as an integral…

  6. American History and English Developmental Program. Profiles of Promise 41.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawke, Sharryl

    An 11th-grade interdisciplinary course combining English and American history examines United States history from the perspective of nine topics, rather than through the traditional, chronological-survey approach. Discovery learning and independent research are the focus of course method. At the start of the course, students are given nine…

  7. Mapping Early American History: Beyond What Happened Where

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milson, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    American history demands to be mapped. The stories of exploration, the colonies, the Louisiana Purchase, and so on are incomplete without maps to locate historical places, events, and conflicts. Yet maps can do more for the history teacher than simply illustrating what happened where or what territory was acquired when. Maps also provide clues…

  8. The "Journal of American History" Introduces "Teaching the JAH."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    OAH Magazine of History, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Describes "Teaching the JAH" (Journal of American History), which offers online teaching packages demonstrating the use of JAH articles within the U.S. history survey course. Offers a sample of the material available in the teaching package for the article "Evolution for John Doe: Pictures, the Public, and the Scopes Trial Debate." (CMK)

  9. A History of American Music Education. Third Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mark, Michael; Gary, Charles L.

    2007-01-01

    This book covers the history of American music education, from its roots in Biblical times through recent historical events and trends. It describes the educational, philosophical, educational, and sociological aspects of the subject, always putting it in the context of the history of the United States. It offers the most complete information on…

  10. The Negro in American History: A Series of Episodes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

    This teacher's kit contains a series of lessons on black history that can be integrated into regular 8th- and 11th-grade American history courses. Each lesson includes a student card containing basic reading material, with appropriate activities, and a teacher card providing additional information and/or suggestions for class discussion. Although…

  11. Perennial Ethical Quandaries in Military Psychology: Toward American Psychological Association–Department of Defense Collaboration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Brad Johnson

    1995-01-01

    Active duty military clinical psychologists occupy dual roles as therapist–clinician and commissioned military officer. Frequently, simultaneous allegiance to professional (ethical guidelines) and military (federal statutes) requirements is not possible, placing the military psychologist in ethical quandaries that lack elegant resolution and create a continuing environment of risk. This article briefly highlights two areas of acute ethical vulnerability to military psychologists

  12. Evaluating Review Content for Book Selection: An Analysis of American History Reviews in "Choice,""American Historical Review," and "Journal of American History."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Natowitz, Allen; Carlo, Paula Wheeler

    1997-01-01

    Applies content analysis to compare assessments of 153 titles in U.S. history, each reviewed in "Choice,""American Historical Review," and "Journal of American History" between 1988 and 1995. A numerical rating system is used to quantify reviewers' overall opinions and their use of specific evaluative criteria. (Author/LRW)

  13. Promoting Health During the American Occupation of Japan The Public Health Section, Kyoto Military Government Team, 1945-1949

    PubMed Central

    Nishimura, Sey

    2008-01-01

    During the American occupation of Japan (1945–1952), young public health officers from the US Army Medical Corps were posted in local US Army military government teams. These young doctors (aged 25 to 27 years), who had not absorbed the strong anti-Japanese tradition of the US military during World War II, seem to have alleviated the initial resentment felt by the Japanese toward the new governors of their homeland. The case of the Kyoto Military Government Team illustrates the Kyoto citizenry’s positive view of some American-directed public health measures. The team’s services helped to counter widely held negative views on colonialism, occupation, and public health; lessened resentment toward the unilateral command structure of the occupation forces; and contributed to improved relations between the United States and Japan at the local level. PMID:18235076

  14. ERIC J. LOHR HISTORY DEPARTMENT, AMERICAN UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    Lansky, Joshua

    östlichen Europa, Vol. 18 (Munich: R. Oldenbourg Verlag, 2002) in Kritika: Explorations in Russian: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 7, no. 2 (Spring 2006): 173-194. "The Papers of Grigorii N of 1915" Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 4, no. 3 (Summer 2003): 607-626. "The

  15. A Very Sharp SwordThe Influence of Military Capabilities on American Decisions to Use Force

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Benjamin O. Fordham

    2004-01-01

    Many international relations theorists suggest that improved military capabilities will make the use or threat of military force a more attractive policy choice. Tests of this argument are complicated because policy makers’anticipation of their future needs for military capabilities could also produce a relationship between capabilities and policy choice. Results show that military capabilities indeed increase the frequency with which

  16. www.cambridge.org/us/american-history American Labor and Economic

    E-print Network

    Tsien, Roger Y.

    www.cambridge.org/us/american-history American Labor and Economic Citizenship New Capitalism from as a time when Herbert Hoover and his allies worked to significantly reform economic policy. In Ameri- can Labor and Economic Citizenship, Mark Hendrickson both augments and amends this view by studying

  17. African-American women and abortion: a neglected history.

    PubMed

    Ross, L J

    1992-01-01

    The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a brief historical record of the ways African-American women have sought to control their fertility through the use of abortion and birth control. It also examines the activism of African-American women in the establishment of family planning clinics and in defense of abortion rights. PMID:1420666

  18. The American Revolution. An Eyewitness History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burg, David F.

    While the American Revolution officially began in Lexington, Massachusetts, in April 1775, the seeds of rebellion had been sown for decades. The struggle for representation in the British Parliament left many colonists eager to seek out independence. This book provides hundreds of firsthand accounts of the period from diary entries, letters,…

  19. "The Second American School of Arms": the Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851

    E-print Network

    Wineman, Bradford Alexander

    2001-01-01

    in the antebellum South, including contributions of VMI to the region's burgeoning culture of violence. For example, in The Militant South, John Hope Franklin contends that Southern military schools of the antebellum period were outgrowths of a growing... the perceived threats to their honor while preparing for a possible conflict with the North or take action against potential slave uprisings. Franklin asserts that the schools' founders were "proud of the fact that in time of peace they had made formal...

  20. Bibliography of the History of American Education

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Herbst, Jurgen.

    This extensive bibliography by University of Wisconsin-Madison professor emeritus Jurgen Herbst covers the historical literature of American education. It is organized in four sections: General Works, The Colonial Period, From Revolution to Reconstruction, and America in the Urban Age, with each section subdivided into thematic lists of scholarly, historical journals, and government reports. A smattering of the many topics includes Government, The Courts, and Education; Racial Minorities and Education; The Education of Women; Americanization: The Response to Immigration; Youth, the Arts, and Psychoanalysis; Nineteenth Century Pedagogy; and Teachers and Teaching. One might wish for additional features such as annotations and/or the ability to search across these topics, but the scope of this compilation is impressive.

  1. Multicultural American History through Children's Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellermeyer, Deborah A.; Chick, Kay A.

    This integrated teacher resource book presents the instruction of grades 3-6 social studies and history concepts within the context of quality multicultural children's books and picture books. This juxtaposition allows teachers to use children's literature to supplement core textbooks, arouse curiosity, add depth to discussion, and provide…

  2. A Short History of American Labor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, Washington, DC.

    This document traces the U.S. labor movement's history, documents its achievements, and describes its goals. The labor movement played a central role in the elevation of the U.S. standard of living through benefits negotiated by unions, such as vacations with pay, pensions, health and welfare protection, and grievance and arbitration procedures.…

  3. The Federalist Era. SSEC American History Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ladenburg, Thomas

    This unit on the Federalist era of U.S. history examines some of the issues that have endured from the earliest days of the nation to the present: free speech, the right to rebel, foreign policy, the balance of federal and state authority, and the relative importance of various constituencies. Student understanding of such issues develops through…

  4. Evaluation of the Teaching American History Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humphrey, Daniel C.; Chang-Ross, Christopher; Donnelly, Mary Beth; Hersh, Lauren; Skolnik, Heidi

    2005-01-01

    Nearly 20 years ago, the first national assessment of student achievement in U.S. history yielded disappointing results. Although policy-makers and researchers expressed great concern about the low scores, the federal government did not undertake large-scale efforts to address poor student performance, and few research dollars were dedicated to…

  5. American environmental history: the exploitation and conservation of natural resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Petulla

    1977-01-01

    The environmental history is followed in 4 time periods--colonial, the new nation, after the Civil War, and in the 20th century. The author suggests: (1) the economic rationality of American democracy has tended to lead to economic concentration; a waste of natural resources; and evnironmental degradation (also an inequitable distribution of wealth, but this subject is scarcely touched upon); (2)

  6. Patriotism and Parochialism: Why Teach American Jewish History, and How?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levisohn, Jon A.

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author focuses on these questions: why is American Jewish history worthy of being "taught"? And what purpose should such teaching serve? Philosophical questions such as these are important because topics of study are not self-justifying, and asking the questions--questions that must be pursued through conceptual inquiry,…

  7. Why Teach History: The Views of American Historians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craddock, Richard S.

    This study attempts to present and analyze the claims which professional American historicans, from 1880 to 1970, have made regarding the values to be derived from the study of history: 1) Develops good citizenship; this has been a persuasive theme, meaning different things to different writers; 2) Promotes patriotism. (It is interesting to note…

  8. 2. Historic American Building Survey History of Sacramento County Thompson ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Building Survey History of Sacramento County Thompson & West Illustration Original 1880 Rephoto 1960 N.W. Corner of 3rd + P ST., SOUTH HOUSE (Property of Mrs. E.B. Crocker, 3rd & P St.) - Crocker Art Gallery, 216 O Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

  9. Why Study American History: A Letter to my Niece

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larkins, A. Guy

    1976-01-01

    The author believes that U.S. history can serve an aesthetic function, contribute to the positive self-image of young Americans by presenting genuine accomplishments of their forepersons, and help students participate more rationally in the attempted resolution of social-political conflicts. (Author/RM)

  10. A History and Foundation of American Indian Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juneau, Stan

    The educational system in Montana is not working for its American Indian students. Dropout rates continue to be extremely high, standardized tests scores are mostly below the state benchmark, curriculum and instruction are not oriented toward promoting Indian culture and history, and the local Board of Trustee system still does not promote…

  11. Hate Speech: The History of an American Controversy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Samuel

    Noting that no other country in the world offers protection to offensive speech, this book provides a comprehensive account of the history of the hate speech controversy in the United States. The book examines the issue, from the conflicts over the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s and American Nazi groups in the 1930s, to the famous Skokie, Illinois…

  12. Proceedings of the 2002 American Society for Engineering Education Zone I Conference United States Military Academy

    E-print Network

    Military Academy H Experiences using Flying Models in Competitions and Coursework Robert P. Hansen , Lyle N. Long/ , Todd A. Dellert United States Military Academy/ / Pennsylvania State University Abstract States Military Academy and the Pennsylvania State University are described. Free-flight model gliders

  13. 3 CFR 8627 - Proclamation 8627 of February 1, 2011. National African American History Month, 2011

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Americans to our Nation’s history and identity. This year...segregation slowed the onward march of history and expansion of the American...created groundbreaking works of art and entertainment. To perfect...During National African American History Month, we recognize the...

  14. Forests in the long sweep of american history.

    PubMed

    Clawson, M

    1979-06-15

    The role of forests in the American society and economy has changed greatly over the past 200 years, as is evidenced by data on acreage in forests, on volume of standing timber, on amount of annual wood growth, on amounts and form of wood utilization, and on prices for forest products. The two most dramatic facts in a long history of forest utilization have been the near fourfold increase in annual wood growth in the past 60 years and the persistent and major underestimate by the U.S. Forest Service of the wood production potential of American forests. PMID:17772408

  15. Keeping Current. African American History Month--More than Book Reports!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neal, Anita J.

    2005-01-01

    Mention the observance of African American History Month and the name Carter G. Woodson immediately comes to mind. Woodson, an educator, publisher, and historian, initiated the "Negro History Week" observance in 1926. Known as the "Father of Black History," Woodson believed that it was important for African Americans to know their history in…

  16. A Nation of Nations. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of General Education.

    This booklet presents a set of secondary level classroom strategies for examining American history in light of the issues identified by the American Issues Forum. Emphasis is on the composite nature of American society, based on assimilation of American Indians, European and Chinese immigrants, and African slaves. A section on Indian-white…

  17. The Checkered History of American Psychiatric Epidemiology

    PubMed Central

    Horwitz, Allan V; Grob, Gerald N

    2011-01-01

    Context American psychiatry has been fascinated with statistics ever since the specialty was created in the early nineteenth century. Initially, psychiatrists hoped that statistics would reveal the benefits of institutional care. Nevertheless, their fascination with statistics was far removed from the growing importance of epidemiology generally. The impetus to create an epidemiology of mental disorders came from the emerging social sciences, whose members were concerned with developing a scientific understanding of individual and social behavior and applying it to a series of pressing social problems. Beginning in the 1920s, the interest of psychiatric epidemiologists shifted to the ways that social environments contributed to the development of mental disorders. This emphasis dramatically changed after 1980 when the policy focus of psychiatric epidemiology became the early identification and prevention of mental illness in individuals. Methods This article reviews the major developments in psychiatric epidemiology over the past century and a half. Findings The lack of an adequate classification system for mental illness has precluded the field of psychiatric epidemiology from providing causal understandings that could contribute to more adequate policies to remediate psychiatric disorders. Because of this gap, the policy influence of psychiatric epidemiology has stemmed more from institutional and ideological concerns than from knowledge about the causes of mental disorders. Conclusion Most of the problems that have bedeviled psychiatric epidemiology since its inception remain unresolved. In particular, until epidemiologists develop adequate methods to measure mental illnesses in community populations, the policy contributions of this field will not be fully realized. PMID:22188350

  18. Heard Museum: American Indian Art and History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In 1929, the Heard Museum was founded by early Phoenix settlers Dwight B. and Maie Bartlett Heard. The focus of the museum then and now was "to educate people about the arts, heritage and life ways of the Indigenous peoples of the Americas, with an emphasis on American Indian tribes of the Southwest." On the website, visitors can learn about the museum's collections, upcoming programs, and volunteer opportunities. The site contains a number of thematic areas, including Events, Library, and Explore Art. One area that should not be missed is the Featured Documentaries. Here visitors can learn about the museum's public art projects, archaeological efforts, and concerts. The Current Exhibitions area contains highlights from recent offerings, such as Native People in the Southwest and Chocolate, Chili & Cochineal: Changing Taste Around the World. Finally, the link to the Library is a real treat. The digital collections here cover the Heard Museum Indian Fairs and Markets, the storied Fred Harvey Company, and a wide selection of elaborate beadwork items.

  19. Latin American History and Critical Media Studies: Curricular Explorations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott L. Baugh

    2004-01-01

    The time has arrived to assess critical pedagogical methodologies for teaching Latin American history incorporating movingimage and sound media. The larger tradition of using film and video in humanities university classrooms is a much more welllaid path. Teaching-scholars who are readers of this journal are no doubt aware of the defining works: John E. O’Connor’s Film and the Humanities and

  20. Discovering African-American History in Rural Ohio

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This fine project is part of the Knox County Ohio Black History Digital Archives, and it was made possible in part by funding from the Ohio Humanities Council and Kenyon College. The intent of the project is to inform the public about the experiences of African Americans in this portion of rural Ohio. Drawing on materials donated by local individuals, businesses, and institutions, the collaborators at the project have created an engaging portrait of African American life in the area. Visitors can click on any of the images here to get started, or they may also wish to click on one of the six topical headings on the top of the page. "Social Life" is a good place to start as visitors can learn about some of the early organizations that served the African American community. The timeline here also gives a bit of an overview of African American life in Knox County, and it's a helpful introduction to the history of the community.

  1. Information Management in Business, Libraries and British Military Intelligence: Towards a History of Information Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Alistair; Brunt, Rodney

    1999-01-01

    This historical study explores a definition of information management that centers on the ordering and channeling of non-publicly available information within organizations. Highlights three types of organizations: the business corporation; the library; and the state agency, specifically British military intelligence. (Contains 44…

  2. Examining Treatment-Seeking College Students with and without Military Experience and Trauma Histories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Matthew C.; Graceffo, James M.; Hayes, Jeffrey A.; Locke, Benjamin D.

    2014-01-01

    An increasing number of veterans are returning from war, many with mental health problems. Some of these returning veterans will enroll in college, and it is important that campus counseling centers can meet the needs of this population. This study examined psychological distress among students with and without military experience. Results…

  3. Geography in American History for High School Students of American History. Final Design Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patrick, John J.; Stoltman, Joseph P.

    Geographic learning provides perspectives, information, concepts, and skills essential to viewing and understanding historical events and developments. Geographic learning is therefore essential to sound teaching and learning of history in general and U.S. history at the high school level in particular. This report contains a description of the…

  4. FILM, VIDEO, AND AMERICAN HISTORY AMST S483 1 (30050) /HISTS187/FILMS247

    E-print Network

    FILM, VIDEO, AND AMERICAN HISTORY AMST S483 1 (30050) /HISTS187/FILMS247 Summer Session B (July 8 the representation of American history on film and video through close analysis of American films, from the turn understand film as a document of a historical moment? Readings - All readings will be available as PDFs

  5. Putting the military back into the history of the military-industrial complex: the management of technological innovation in the U.S. Army, 1945-1960.

    PubMed

    Lassman, Thomas C

    2015-03-01

    In 1946 General Dwight Eisenhower, the Army Chief of Staff, established the Research and Development (R&D) Division on the War Department General Staff to expedite major technological breakthroughs in weapons technology. This goal, based on the separation of the management of R&D from procurement, captured the Army's preference for qualitative rather than quantitative superiority on the battlefield, but it threatened to upend entrenched methods of incremental product improvement under way in the Army's supply organizations, collectively called the technical services. The division's brief existence (it ceased operations in 1947) contrasted sharply with the longevity of the Ordnance Department's in-house manufacturing arsenals; for more than a century they had exploited synergies between R&D and production to turn out new weapons mass-produced in industry. The history of the R&D Division and the corresponding management of technological innovation in the technical services broadens an otherwise narrow historiographical interpretation of postwar knowledge production in the United States that is still focused heavily on the moral and political economy of military-funded academic research. PMID:26027309

  6. How the Cold War is Taught: Six American History Textbooks Examined.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herz, Martin F.

    This booklet is a comparative analysis of how six high school history textbooks present events and issues related to the Cold War. The texts are "History of a Free People" (Macmillan, 1973), "Rise of the American Nation" (Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1977), "The American Experience" (Addison-Wesley, 1975), "A New History of the United States--An…

  7. Rare Exceptions: Some University Professors and the Teaching of Native American History, 1900-1970

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crum, Steven

    2006-01-01

    From 1900 to 1970, only eight United States historians established courses on Native American history in history departments at the college and university level. This made them rare exceptions in an academic world that placed overwhelming emphasis on mainstream Euro-American history, with extremely limited attention to race and ethnicity. Except…

  8. Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History: Digital Collections

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Working with a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, staff members at the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History and graduate students from Wayne State University have created a treasure trove of thoughtful digital exhibits and collections. Visitors might want to start with the "Virtual Exhibitions" area, which includes the arresting "Women of A New Tribe" collection. This particular collection features 75 photographs by Jerry Taliaferro of women from both the Detroit area and the rest of the United States. After looking these over, users should go over to the "Sam Vinegar Collection". Here they will find formal mounted images from a postcard series of Africa and publicity photos of African American performers. For those who wish to navigate in another fashion, the "Tags" area on the left-hand side of the page features a list of tags, including "Detroit", "Civil Rights", and "Musicians".

  9. The archive on the hill : the Presidential Library and the architecture of American history

    E-print Network

    Haughey, Patrick David

    2009-01-01

    Presidential libraries are not really about presidents. Rather, presidential libraries define publics through the transformation of American history into images and ideas. The presidential library is a uniquely American ...

  10. American Museum of Natural History: Resources for Learning

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This collection of resources, published by the American Museum of Natural History, is intended for educators, parents, students, or anyone who is interested in teaching and learning about science. The resources include activities, curriculum materials, articles, evidence and analysis materials, exhibition materials, and lists of references. Items may be text-based, pedagogical, or multimedia (photos, videos, interactives) in nature. The collection is searchable by keyword or browseable by main topic: anthropology, astronomy, biology, Earth science, or paleontology. There are also special collections, groups of resources organized around specific themes such as Antarctica, ocean life, and the dynamic Earth.

  11. American Museum of Natural History: Milstein Hall of Ocean Life

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This Web site is the online companion to the Milstein Hall of Ocean Life at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). The Educational Resources section provides links to dozens of AMNH activities and articles, mainly geared toward elementary school students. Also, the online guide to the exhibit is itself a terrific educational resource. For example, the Dioramas section offers great graphics and informative descriptions of ocean life and the terrestrial animals, like polar bears, that depend upon it. Likewise, users can take a virtual tour of the exhibit in the Ecosystems feature or click on Ocean Life to learn more about marine animals (and a few ancient bacteria).

  12. The Avalon Project: African-Americans - Biography, Autobiography and History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Avalon Project at Yale Law School, (last mentioned in the April 4, 1997 Scout Report) has recently added an African American biography, autobiography, and history section. The section contains complete copies of Martin Luther King Jr.'s 1963 "I Have A Dream" speech, My Bondage and Freedom by Frederick Douglass, The Narrative of Sojourner Truth, dictated by Sojourner Truth and edited by Olive Gilbert, The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois, and Up From Slavery: An Autobiography by Booker T. Washington. All transcripts are lucid and available in HTML format.

  13. History of the Journal of the American College of Toxicology.

    PubMed

    Christian, Mildred S

    2004-01-01

    This companion article to the History of the American College of Toxicology also is written in celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the American College of Toxicology (ACT). It relates how the official journal of the College evolved from a privately owned publication, the Journal of Environmental Pathology and Toxicology (JEPT), into publications owned and managed by the College and its Board, for the first 17 years as the Journal of the American College of Toxicology (JACT) and currently as The International Journal of Toxicology (IJT). It relates how the first journal focused on toxicological studies, potential cancer causes and concerns associated with environmental contamination and chemical exposure safety issues. It tells how this journal was replaced by one more broadly based that addressed multiple industries and regulatory approaches, accepted previously unpublishable "no-effect" studies, so important in eliminating unwarranted animal use, and provided review articles, rather than only original research. It also described how the JACT evolved into an international journal finally recognized for its quality reviews and peer-reviewed research. Each of the three journals that represented the College is described, as well as interesting events associated with their development and publication, including the activities and contributions of the first four editors in chief, Drs. Myron A. Mehlman, Mildred S. Christian, Robert M. Diener and Harihara Mehendale. PMID:15513829

  14. Fifty Years of Promoting Library History: A Chronology of the ALA (American) Library History Round Table, 1947-1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wertheimer, Andrew B.; Marshall, John David

    2000-01-01

    Presents a chronology of the Library History Round Table of the American Library Association. Includes topics and presenters of programs; awards, including the Justin Winsor Prize and the Phyllis Dain Library Dissertation Award; and leadership. (LRW)

  15. A More Perfect Union: The American Government. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic IV, Part I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hubbard, Gail F.

    This booklet presents teacher-developed units of study on the American government for eleventh-grade students. The materials are Part I of a set of classroom strategies intended to help secondary students examine American history in light of the issues identified by the American Issues Forum. Students analyze the U.S. Constitution, draw cartoons,…

  16. A More Perfect Union: The American Government. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic IV, Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

    This booklet presents a set of secondary-level classroom strategies for examining American history in light of the issues identified by the American Issues Forum. Emphasis is on examination of the role and actions of the President of the United States. These materials, called modules, form Part II of the topic, "A More Perfect Union: The American

  17. A More Perfect Union: The American Government. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic IV, Part III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hubbard, Gail F.

    This booklet presents teacher-developed units of study on the American government for eleventh-grade students. The materials are Part III of a set of classroom strategies intended to help secondary students examine American history in light of the issues identified by the American Issues Forum. Students make posters, interview local government…

  18. Freedom of Expression in the American Military: A Communication Modeling Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packer, Cathy

    A study used a communication perspective to examine the extent to which the civilian/military First Amendment dichotomy is warranted and to add to First Amendment theory the subject of the First Amendment rights of servicemembers. The study was limited to the freedoms of speech, press, assembly, petition, and association. It did not include…

  19. American Revolution: Selections from Secondary School History Books of Other Nations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barendsen, Robert D., Comp.; And Others

    Selections from the recent history texts of 13 foreign countries are contained in this document as an effort to gather the curricular perceptions of other countries about key events or periods in American history related to the U.S. Revolutionary War. The compilation provides American secondary teachers with contemporary source material not…

  20. The Savage and the Slave: Critical Race Theory, Racial Stereotyping, and the Teaching of American History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lintner, Timothy

    2004-01-01

    The teaching of American history is not neutral; teachers and textbooks often define what is important and what is not. It is through this historical subjectivity that stereotypes and biases emerge and ultimately persist. With relevance to African Americans and American Indians, such stereotypes can be culturally, politically and economically…

  1. The Role of the Mexican American in the History of the Southwest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alisky, Marvin; And Others

    The booklet contains 6 papers presented at a conference sponsored by the Inter-American Institute, Pan American College, Edinburg, Texas. As indicated by the titles, the papers cover the following aspects of the role of the Mexican American in the history of the Southwest: (1) Mexican Heritage--Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California, (2) The…

  2. A history of the American Society for Clinical Investigation

    PubMed Central

    Howell, Joel D.

    2009-01-01

    One hundred years ago, in 1909, the American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI) held its first annual meeting. The founding members based this new society on a revolutionary approach to research that emphasized newer physiological methods. In 1924 the ASCI started a new journal, the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The ASCI has also held an annual meeting almost every year. The society has long debated who could be a member, with discussions about whether members must be physicians, what sorts of research they could do, and the role of women within the society. The ASCI has also grappled with what else the society should do, especially whether it ought to take a stand on policy issues. ASCI history has reflected changing social, political, and economic contexts, including several wars, concerns about the ethics of biomedical research, massive increases in federal research funding, and an increasingly large and specialized medical environment. PMID:19348041

  3. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    While many people may be familiar with the impressive structure that houses the American Museum of Natural History at Central Park West and 79th Street, a much smaller number may be acquainted with their very fine series of anthropological papers. This respected series has been continuously published since 1907, and these works have also been made available on this site. Visitors can use the search engine offered here, or they can also browse the papers by title, author, or date. They will encounter works from such anthropology luminaries as Margaret Mead and others, and they will certainly enjoy passing along this information to persons with an interest in the field. In total, this archive contains over 350 works which provide a great deal of insight into the historical development of the practice and theory behind anthropology.

  4. Women in American History by the Encyclopaedia Britannica

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Online have put together this collection of biographical information on women in American history from 1600 to the present. Biographies can be browsed alphabetically or by occupational category. A quasi-subject listing called "misc. a-z" lists entries for women's organizations and issues. The site can also be browsed chronologically by using the four time periods displayed at the top: Early America 1600-1820, The Nineteenth Century 1820-1880, At the Crossroads 1880-1920, and Modern America, 1920-the present. Some entries are accompanied by pictures; a media gallery includes sound and QuickTime videos. Note that it is unknown how long this resource will be freely available.

  5. National Museum of American History: The First Ladies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-01-06

    Over the past two centuries, the role of the First Lady has changed immensely and in the past several decades the women to occupy this position have embraced causes such as literacy and healthy eating. This online exhibit from the National Museum of American History looks at the "role played by the country's first ladies as well as the beautiful objects that belonged to them." The site is divided into six sections, including "The First Ladies Collection" and "A First Lady's Contribution". The "First Ladies Collection" contains photos and descriptions of items like Martha Washington's silk taffeta gown and Dolley Madison's elaborate hand-embroidered robe. Moving on, "A First Lady's Contribution" contains images of the First Ladies on the campaign trail and other settings. One particularly interesting image here is that of Florence Harding pinning a flower on Al Jolson's lapel during a campaign stop. Finally, visitors can also view a timeline of all the First Ladies.

  6. 75 FR 58426 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-24

    ...Cultural Items: Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art, Tulsa, OK AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior...possession of the Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art (Gilcrease Museum), Tulsa, OK, that meet the...

  7. PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY CENTRAL PARK WEST AT 79TH STREET, NEW YORK, NY 10024

    E-print Network

    Clark, James M.

    of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History. 2 Research Associate, Division of Paleontology, American of Vertebrate Paleontology, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90007. Research Associate, Division of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History. #12;2 NO

  8. The Origin of Psychological Species: History of the Beginnings of American Psychological Association Divisions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1997-01-01

    The charter divisions of the American Psychological Association (APA) recently celebrated their 50th anniversary. This specialization of American psychologists is traced in the history of organizational conflicts from the founding of APA in 1892 until the reorganization of APA in 1945 that produced the current divisional structure. The changes in APA's objectives and organizational structure are discussed in the context

  9. Black Chronicle: An American History Textbook Supplement. Third Edition. Bulletin No. 91546.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kailin, Clarence S.

    This book, a revision and updating of a work first published under the same title in 1974, presents a detailed chronological history of African Americans in the United States. The description begins with the origins of Homo sapiens in Africa, and traces the African American story from slavery in North America through the U.S. Civil War, the…

  10. History and Breeding Ecology of the American White Pelican at Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Montana

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E LIZABETH M. M ADDEN; M ARCO R ESTANI

    The American White Pelican ( Pelecanus erythrorhynchos ) has been breeding at Medicine Lake Nation- al Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in northeastern Montana since 1939. We compiled information on the history and ecol- ogy of this breeding colony from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) reports and narratives filed at Medicine Lake NWR. Nesting by American White Pelicans first occurred in

  11. Misplaced Multiculturalism: Representations of American Indians in U.S. History Academic Content Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Carl B.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative textual analysis investigates the ideological lenses through which U.S. History content standards for grades 5-12 for Arizona and Washington frame interactions between American Indians and European Americans during U.S. national development. The study's multiperspective critical conceptual framework interrogates the standards not…

  12. Making Connections with the Past: (Un)Masking African American History at a Neighborhood Community Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stiler, Gary; Allen, Lisa

    2006-01-01

    The Carver Community Center in Evansville, Indiana, uses an academic enrichment program to support neighborhood students. The curriculum involves children in learning about African-American literary traditions and folk art. The Center's work is based on the premise that African-American children need to encounter the reality of history as in…

  13. Lieutenant Colonel Robert L. Eichelberger and the American Military Intelligence Division in Siberia, 1919-1920

    E-print Network

    Luckett, Judith Blodgett

    1974-01-01

    --the 7emstvo coup d' etat Eichelberqer's reports also qive a more complete picture of' the actions of' the commandino qeneral of the expedition, William S. Graves. For many years a contro- versy has raced concerninq the correct posit, ion ths mili... inf'ormation to major General William S ~ Graves, Commander of the A ~ E ~ f ~, Siberiae From this information Graves formed his Siberian policy i 1Letter from unknown American officer ta his wife, July, 1919, Newton Da Baker Papers, Division...

  14. Music in the Military.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Amanda

    1981-01-01

    Following a very brief history of military bands, the author describes the musical performance opportunities currently available in the United States Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard, for young musicians who may wish to enlist. (SJL)

  15. The New Gateway, an Old Paradox: Immigrants and Involuntary Americans in North Carolina History Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilburn, Jeremy; Fitchett, Paul G.

    2012-01-01

    The authors conducted a content analysis of North Carolina history textbooks to explore how the definition of immigration has changed over the last century. They also examined how immigrant groups and involuntary Americans have been portrayed throughout the state's history. Findings suggest that as a burgeoning gateway state for immigrants, North…

  16. Course of Study: Afro-American History. Grades 11 and 12. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pittsburgh School District, PA.

    Secondary level units, written in outline form, present the historical influence and significance of blacks in American history. Information is arranged into two major parts: Part one offers a chronological approach to black history; Part two presents a topical approach. Part one includes 14 units. Units I, II, and III discuss a rationale for a…

  17. Oral History and American Advertising: How the "Pepsi Generation" Came Alive.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dreyfus, Carol; Connors, Thomas

    1985-01-01

    Described is a project in which the Archives Center of the National Museum of American History and the George Meany Memorial Archives analyzed a collection of advertising materials of the Pepsi-Cola USA company and conducted interviews to gather historically valuable information concerning the company. Valuable social history information was…

  18. 76 FR 9760 - Presidential Academies for Teaching of American History and Civics; Office of Innovation and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-22

    ...you from using the Internet to submit your...responsibilities. timelines, and milestones...financially stable; has a history of unsatisfactory...understanding of American history and civics that...audiotape, or computer diskette) on request...Format (PDF) on the Internet at the...

  19. The use of deployable telehealth centers by military beneficiaries to access behavioral healthcare: an exploratory evaluation in American Samoa.

    PubMed

    Mishkind, Matthew C; Martin, Suzanne; Husky, George; Miyahira, Sarah D; Gahm, Gregory A

    2012-12-01

    Some U.S. Military Health System (MHS) beneficiaries face unique challenges accessing available behavioral healthcare because of the nature of their occupations, deployments to and permanent duty stations in isolated geographies, and discontinuity of services. The use of deployable telehealth centers such as modified shipping containers offers promise as an innovative solution to increase access to behavioral healthcare in remote and otherwise austere environments. The first telehealth modified 20-foot shipping container, known as a relocatable telehealth center (RTeC), was deployed to increase access to care for MHS beneficiaries on American Samoa. The goal of this study was to conduct an exploratory evaluation of patient satisfaction with and usability perceptions of this solution as a place to receive behavioral healthcare services. Twenty-eight beneficiaries participated in this evaluation. Results suggest that the RTeC is safe and private and ultimately an appropriate telebehavioral-originating site. These data provide insight into usability considerations and inform future research and deployable telehealth center development. Additionally, a brief discussion about potential cost offset is provided as cost efficiencies impact RTeC viability. PMID:23078182

  20. Black Chronicle: An American History Textbook Supplement. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kailin, Clarence S.

    This second edition of the chronicle provides an accurate and balanced representation of the history of the Black experience in an effort to counteract misinformation presented in most U.S. history textbooks. A study of U.S. history texts used in Wisconsin school districts reveals major failings. One of the most serious shortcomings of the…

  1. Historical Literacy: The Case for History in American Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gagnon, Paul, Ed.

    The Bradley Commission on History in Schools was created in 1987 specifically in response to the widespread concern over the inadequacy, both in quantity and in quality, of the history taught in elementary and secondary school classrooms. This book explores the conditions that contribute to, or impede, the effective teaching of history in schools.…

  2. A Chapter in the Early History of American Linguistics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guice, Stephen A.

    The contributions of Peter Stephen DuPonceau and John Pickering to American linguistics in the early nineteenth century are reviewed and discussed. Despite their probable status as amateurs in the study of American Indian languages and their very limited fieldwork, they made some significant contributions to the general field of language studies…

  3. Spanish-American War to Vietnam: Booklet 4. Critical Thinking in American History. Teacher's Guide, Source Envelope, [and Student Manual].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Reilly, Kevin

    These curriculum materials in U.S. history are part of a series designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically. The teacher's guide presents a series of supplementary ready-to-use lesson plans for teaching high school students about the Spanish-American War, the Depression era, the cold war, and post-World War II issues. The…

  4. Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America. Afro-American and Asian American Culture History. Baywood Monographs in Archaeology 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuyler, Robert L., Ed.

    This monograph contains fourteen articles dealing with archaeological studies on Black and Asian ethnic groups in the United States. Papers on Afro-American culture history include: (1) "Race and Class on Antebellum Plantations," by John Solomon Otto; (2) "Looking for the 'Afro' in Colono-Indian Pottery," by Leland Ferguson; (3) a study of "Black…

  5. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom. Topic VI: The Business of America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of General Education Curriculum Development.

    Classroom strategies for examining American history in light of business issues are described. Designed to be used selectively by teachers in the 11th grade social studies classroom, the materials are presented in fieldtest condition to allow for modifications and substitutions in response to feedback from teachers and students. The eight modules…

  6. Gender differences on documented trauma histories: inpatients admitted to a military psychiatric unit for suicide-related thoughts or behaviors.

    PubMed

    Cox, Daniel W; Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Marjan; Szeto, Edwin H; Greene, Farrah N; Engel, Charles; Wynn, Gary H; Bradley, John; Grammer, Geoffrey

    2011-03-01

    Suicide is a leading cause of death among men and women in the United States Military. Using a retrospective chart review design, the current study investigated gender differences on documented traumas for people admitted to a military inpatient psychiatric unit for suicide-related thoughts or behaviors (N = 656). Men more often had no documented lifetime traumas and women more often had 2 or more trauma types. Women had significantly more documented incidences of childhood sexual abuse, adulthood sexual assault, adulthood physical assault, and pregnancy loss. The gender gap in documented trauma types for childhood and adulthood traumas persisted even after adjusting for demographic variables, psychiatric diagnoses, and comorbid trauma types (i.e., trauma types other than the one being used as the dependent variable). Given the observed gender differences in documented traumas, professionals working with military women admitted for suicide-related thoughts or behaviors need to consider trauma in the context of treatment. PMID:21346489

  7. Rethinking American History in a Post-9/11 World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foner, Eric

    2003-01-01

    Explores why, following September 11, historical education should provide a framework that eschews pronouncements about our own superiority and prompts greater self-consciousness among Americans and greater knowledge of those arrayed against us. (EV)

  8. A History of Learning Communities within American Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fink, John E.; Inkelas, Karen Kurotsuchi

    2015-01-01

    This chapter describes the historical development of learning communities within American higher education. We examine the forces both internal and external to higher education that contributed to and stalled the emergence of learning communities in their contemporary form.

  9. Whose History? The Struggle for National Standards in American Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Symcox, Linda

    In the 1990s the debate over what and whose history should be taught in U.S. schools resonated through the halls of the U.S. Congress, the national press, and the nation's schools. Some politicians and pundits denounced the findings of the National Standards for History, which subsequently became a major battleground in the nation's ongoing…

  10. Ingredients of military genius. Student essay

    SciTech Connect

    Blair, J.M.

    1986-04-07

    This article deals with military genius from an historical and a classical theory perspective. The author modifies an approach developed by Carl von Clausewitz that makes use of theory as a framework for the study of history. Clausewitz used theory to study campaigns of Napoleon. This article uses Clausewitz's theory of military genius to study some of the great captains of the American Civil War and World War II. Using seven qualities of military genius that Clausewitz lists in his ON WAR, a study was made to ascertain commonalities of behavior displayed by great battlefield generals. Historical examples are given which reflect the qualities of military genius. The basic hypothesis of the article is that successful generals command their armies with their total being and not just one predominate aspect of their person. The underlying theme is that body, emotions, mind, and spirit must work in a relatively balanced manner which results in military genius being displayed. Historical example urges each senior officer to continually train and discipline his being in preparation for his possible future destiny.

  11. Between a Rock and a Hard Place: A History of American Sweatshops 1820 - Present

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History provides this online exhibit, a look at one of the more unsavory aspects of American history. The exhibit can be viewed via a floor plan or a series of navigational toolbars at the bottom of the screen. The content and the design of the exhibit are fascinating. Each section is introduced by large images from the actual exhibit. The user can then move the mouse to various parts of those images and click to retrieve a larger rendering of that part of the exhibit. In this way, the virtual viewer can experience the exhibit close to how an actual viewer would. In addition to the history section, there is a section on the El Monte California sweatshop (broken up in 1995), the fashion food chain, and a dialog in which six spokespeople give their views on the question "What should Americans know about sweatshop production in the United States?" Multimedia sections are forthcoming.

  12. Heritage of Struggle. A History of American Working People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Howard

    The materials in this pamphlet describe the difficulties encountered by various racial and ethnic groups as they attempted to become assimilated into the American labor force. The experiences and problems faced by blacks, Jews, and immigrants from England, Ireland, the Scandinavian countries, China, Italy, and Puerto Rico are described in an…

  13. Triumph and Tribulation in the History of American Comparative Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald A. Dewsbury

    1992-01-01

    The accomplishments of the last 100 years of American comparative psychology have been exemplary. However, throughout this time the status of comparative psychology has been ambiguous. It has been the study of nonhumans in a science of human behavior and mind and thus peripheral to the main endeavor. The need for special resources, unique problems caused by work with animals,

  14. The Dark Ages of Education and a New Hope: Teaching Native American History in Maine Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loring, Donna

    2009-01-01

    In 2001, the author wrote legislation that required all public schools in Maine to teach Maine Indian history. On June 14 of that year, Gov. Angus King signed "An Act to Require Maine Native American History and Culture in Maine's Schools" into law--the first of its kind in the U.S. What makes the law unique is its requirement that specific topics…

  15. The Division of Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Chris Norris

    The website of the paleontology department at the American Museum of Natural History contains photographic images of field notebook contents, field excavation pictures, correspondence and field reports. Materials such as Barnum Brown's field notebook from the summer that he discovered Tyrannosaurus rex are online, and the ability to turn pages in the actual books is very useful. Other important discoveries in the history of paleontology can also be found within the archives displayed at this site.

  16. Patterns of family health history communication among older African American adults.

    PubMed

    Hovick, Shelly R; Yamasaki, Jill S; Burton-Chase, Allison M; Peterson, Susan K

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study examined patterns of communication regarding family health history among older African American adults. The authors conducted 5 focus groups and 6 semi-structured interviews with African Americans aged 60 years and older (N = 28). The authors identified 4 distinct patterns of family health history communication: noncommunication, open communication, selective communication (communication restricted to certain people or topics), and one-way communication (communication not reciprocated by younger family members). In general, participants favored open family health history communication, often resulting from desires to change patterns of noncommunication in previous generations regarding personal and family health history. Some participants indicated that they were selective about what and with whom they shared health information in order to protect their privacy and not worry others. Others described family health history communication as one-way or unreciprocated by younger family members who appeared uninterested or unwilling to share personal and family health information. The communication patterns that the authors identified are consistent with communication privacy management theory and with findings from studies focused on genetic testing results for hereditary conditions, suggesting that individuals are consistent in their communication of health and genetic risk information. Findings may guide the development of health message strategies for African Americans to increase family health history communication. PMID:25174859

  17. Consortium for health and military performance and American College of Sports Medicine Summit: utility of functional movement assessment in identifying musculoskeletal injury risk.

    PubMed

    Teyhen, Deydre; Bergeron, Michael F; Deuster, Patricia; Baumgartner, Neal; Beutler, Anthony I; de la Motte, Sarah J; Jones, Bruce H; Lisman, Peter; Padua, Darin A; Pendergrass, Timothy L; Pyne, Scott W; Schoomaker, Eric; Sell, Timothy C; O'Connor, Francis

    2014-01-01

    Prevention of musculoskeletal injuries (MSKI) is critical in both civilian and military populations to enhance physical performance, optimize health, and minimize health care expenses. Developing a more unified approach through addressing identified movement impairments could result in improved dynamic balance, trunk stability, and functional movement quality while potentially minimizing the risk of incurring such injuries. Although the evidence supporting the utility of injury prediction and return-to-activity readiness screening tools is encouraging, considerable additional research is needed regarding improving sensitivity, specificity, and outcomes, and especially the implementation challenges and barriers in a military setting. If selected current functional movement assessments can be administered in an efficient and cost-effective manner, utilization of the existing tools may be a beneficial first step in decreasing the burden of MSKI, with a subsequent focus on secondary and tertiary prevention via further assessments on those with prior injury history. PMID:24412892

  18. The American Colonist's Library: A Treasury of Primary Documents

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Compiled by Richard Gardiner, a history instructor, the American Colonist's Library is a comprehensive webliography of primary source documents pertaining to early American history that are currently available online. Included in the list are links to historical sources that influenced American colonists, online collections of the work of major early American political leaders, the text of the Acts of Parliament concerning the American Colonies, numerous American Revolution military documents, and much more. The hundreds of documents in the webliography are grouped chronologically from 500 BC to 1800 AD. Many of the links to the online documents include a very brief gloss explaining the content or importance of the item.

  19. The Negro in Modern American History Textbooks. Fourth Edition. An Examination and Analysis of the Treatment of Black History in Selected Junior and Senior High School Level History Textbooks, as of September 1972. Curricular Viewpoints Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloan, Irwing

    This booklet comprises a compendium of reviews of the following American-history texts on the junior-high school, senior-high school, or junior-senior-high school levels: (1) "Perspectives in United States History," Hovenier, et al.; (2) "Quest for Liberty," Chapin, et al.; (3) "Rise of the American Nation," Todd, et al.; (4) "The People Make a…

  20. Skinheads. Shaved for Battle. A Cultural History of American Skinheads.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Jack B.

    The origins and history of the skinhead movement in the United States are traced, beginning with their links with skinheads in England and focusing on racist skinheads rather than the less-well-known nonracist skinheads. How skinheads have developed within the larger youth group scenes, their ideas and activities, the role of music in their…

  1. Violence and the American Landscape: The Challenge of Public History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linenthal, Edward T.

    2002-01-01

    Focuses on the author's experiences with projects covering the topics of Little Bighorn, Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Enola Gay exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum, and the Oklahoma City bombing. Each helped him to understand the challenge of public history, specifically memorializing sites of violence. (CMK)

  2. 19th Century American Journals of Natural History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dexter, Ralph W.

    1976-01-01

    This article presents a brief list of journals containing information for historians and naturalists. The journals are presented in two lists from 1810-1875 and from 1876-1900. Each list is further classified into general natural history, microscopy, botany, entomology, conchology, ornithology, and geology and paleontology. (MR)

  3. Stepping outside the Master Script: Re-Connecting the History of American Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, Ellen

    2007-01-01

    Inaccurate and incomplete presentations of American education history in teacher education programs play a central role in the poor preparation of pre-service teachers. This article exemplifies how the praxis of late 19th and 20th century African descent educators--who viewed education as a vehicle for freedom and an affirmation of…

  4. Family History of Speech and Language Impairment in African American Children: Implications for Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pruitt, Sonja L.; Garrity, April W.; Oetting, Janna B.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: We explored the prevalence of a positive family history of speech and language impairment in African American children as a function of their socioeconomic status (SES), receipt of speech-language services, and diagnosis of specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Data were collected in 2 phases. Phase 1 included family questionnaires…

  5. The Legacy of the Teaching American History Grants: Statues on Easter Island?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olwell, Russell

    2007-01-01

    It is not too early to ask what legacy the Teaching American History grants will leave behind. Put another way, when all the money is spent, when all the seminars are done, when all the professional development has ended, what evidence will there be that the program ever existed? Will historians in the future look back at the evidence left behind…

  6. The History of the American Vocational Education Research Association. The First 25 Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCracken, J. David; And Others

    This book records the history of the American Vocational Education Research Association (AVERA), which was organized in 1966 as a professional association for scholars and others with research interests in the relationship between education and work. The purposes of AVERA are as follows: stimulate research and development (R&D) activities related…

  7. AMERICAN PRINTING HOUSE FOR THE BLIND, INC., ITS HISTORY, PURPOSES AND POLICIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Printing House for the Blind, Louisville, KY.

    FOUNDED IN 1858, THE AMERICAN PRINTING HOUSE (APH) FOR THE BLIND IN LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY, IS THE WORLD'S LARGEST PUBLISHER OF LITERATURE FOR THE BLIND. IN 1965-66 THE OPERATING BUDGET EXCEEDED $3 MILLION, AND THERE WERE 440 PART-TIME EMPLOYEES. A HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH OF APH INCLUDES CONTROVERSY RESULTING IN THE FINAL CHOICE OF…

  8. Objects and Objectivity: The Evolution Controversy at the American Museum of Natural History, 1915-1928

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Homchick, Julie

    2010-01-01

    For the purpose of this essay, I examine how evolutionary theory was treated and responded to in the American Museum of Natural History's Hall of the Age of Man during the early 1900s. Specifically, I examine how the curatorial work of the museum's president, Henry Fairfield Osborn, relied on the purported use of objectivity as a means by which to…

  9. Our Documents: A National Initiative on American History, Civics, and Service. Teacher Sourcebook, Volume III

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCullough, Julie, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    Thousands of educators are using America's most important historic documents to help students learn the story of their nation and its citizens, thanks to the Our Documents initiative. This was one of the main objectives of Our Documents, which is part of the "National Initiative on American History, Civics, and Service," launched by President…

  10. Direct Instruction in Skillful Thinking in Fifth-Grade American History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reagan, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author describes her use of direct instruction to introduce the skill of determining source reliability in a fifth-grade unit on immigration in American history. She structures instruction to help students establish a thinking-skill strategy that results in not only an understanding of immigration in the late 1800s to early…

  11. Treatment of Japanese-American Internment During World War II in U.S. History Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogawa, Masato

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the treatment of Japanese-American internment during World War II in high school United States history textbooks. Four reasons highlight the selection of this topic for study. First, this historical event was selected because a little over a year ago was the 60th anniversary of President Franklin D.…

  12. Strategies for Teaching African American History: Musings from the Past, Ruminations for the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dagbovie, Pero Gaglo

    2006-01-01

    The analysis of the existing body of scholarship on the teaching of African American history shows that various new relevant pedagogies should be adopted to utilize the past reflections for future teaching strategies. The author demonstrates the need for a more rigorous scholarship on the philosophies, methodologies and techniques of teaching…

  13. A Brief History of the Psychology Course in American High Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benjamin, Ludy T., Jr.

    2001-01-01

    Traces the history of psychology in the U.S. high school curriculum, beginning with the 19th century, and discussing the role of the American Psychological Association. Focuses on the social and educational contexts that led to changes in the nature of high school psychology classes, concluding with comments about the value of precollege…

  14. vol. 169, no. 5 the american naturalist may 2007 Natural History Miscellany

    E-print Network

    vol. 169, no. 5 the american naturalist may 2007 Natural History Miscellany Potential for Ebola: videos. abstract: Over the past decade Ebola hemorrhagic fever has emerged repeatedly in Gabon and Congo, causing numerous human outbreaks and massive die-offs of gorillas and chimpanzees. Why Ebola has emerged

  15. The effect of sociocultural factors on the quality of relations of the United States with Hispaniola: analysis of the American military occupation of Haiti and the Dominican Republic (1915-1934) 

    E-print Network

    Alvarez, Fausto B.

    1988-01-01

    THE EFFECT OF SOCIOCULTURAL FACTORS ON THE QUALITY OF RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES WITH HISPANIOLA: ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN MILITARY OCCUPATION OF HAITI AND THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (1915-1934) A Thesis By FAUSTO B. ALVAREZ Submitted... WITH HISPANIOLA: ANALYSIS OF THE AMERICAN MILITARY OCCUPATION OF HAITI AND THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (1915-1934) A Thesis by FAUSTO B. ALVAREZ Approved as to style and content by: C arrperson o Co ee) ames H. Copp (Member) Wm. Alex McIntosh (Member) James...

  16. vol. 161, no. 3 the american naturalist march 2003 The Relative Importance of Life-History Variables to

    E-print Network

    Oli, Madan K.

    vol. 161, no. 3 the american naturalist march 2003 The Relative Importance of Life-History: The relative importance of life-history variables to pop- ulation growth rate (l) has substantial consequences theoretical predictions regarding the relative influence on l of changes in life- history variables. Neither

  17. Synopsis of History of American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 1958-2008

    SciTech Connect

    Montana, Gustavo S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)], E-mail: gustavo.montana@duke.edu

    2008-10-01

    Purpose: To provide a synopsis of the history of the association of radiation oncologists in the United States, currently known as the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO), with the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the organization. Methods and Materials: The history of ASTRO, from its beginning as the American Club of Therapeutic Radiologists, is the subject of a book that is to be released with the occasion of the 50th Annual Meeting of the Society in 2008. This book was prepared by members of ASTRO's History Committee and History Working Subcommittee. The source material for the book was the archives of the Society and recorded interviews, conducted by members of the subcommittee, of members of the Society and of the past and present Society staff. The book was also based on previously published material. This article used the source material used for the Society anniversary book. Results: This synopsis of the history of the Society will provide a source of reference for anyone interested in the history of the Society from its foundation in 1958 to the present, 2008.

  18. Social Representations of American History and Academic Engagement and Performance of African American Students 

    E-print Network

    Thai, Luyen T.

    2014-04-29

    the cultural psychological framework in examining how the cultural contexts of American universities affect students from different social class backgrounds (Stephens, Fryberg, Markus, Johnson, & Covarrubias, 2012). Stephens and colleagues (2012) found...

  19. The American Association of Birth Centers: history, membership, and current initiatives.

    PubMed

    Phillippi, Julia C; Alliman, Jill; Bauer, Kate

    2009-01-01

    The American Association of Birth Centers (AABC) is a multidisciplinary membership organization dedicated to the birth center model of care. This article reviews the history, membership, and current policy initiatives of the AABC. The history of AABC includes the promotion of research, education, and national and state policies that are supportive of birth center care. Current AABC priorities address three main pressures to birth center sustainability: high malpractice insurance rates, the lack of a federally mandated birth center facility fee, and low rates of certified nurse-midwife/certified midwife reimbursement. The AABC is addressing these concerns through lobbying, collaborating with other national organizations, and the promotion of birth research. PMID:19720340

  20. Military technology: an historical perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William J. Perry

    2004-01-01

    Throughout history, nations have endeavored to develop new and more advanced technologies with the goal of achieving military advantage. New technologies resulted in new weapons and brought dramatic change in military tactics. The increase in the destructive power of soldiers in the Civil War and the resulting horror and futility of the frontal assault ushered in a change to trench

  1. The American Physiological SocietyÂ?s Â?Living History ProjectÂ?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)

    2011-03-04

    The American Physiological Society has announced updates to its Â?Living History Project.Â? The program, initiated in 2005, was designed to create an archival video record of senior members of the APS who have made outstanding contributions to the science of physiology, as well as the profession. With the addition of three new videos, the APS has interviewed 27 accomplished men and women to date.

  2. Sermons in American History: Selected Issues in the American Pulpit 1630-1967.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, DeWitte, Ed.; And Others

    This anthology presents 43 American sermons in the context of the social, cultural, and historical development of America. Two or more sermons treat the pro and con viewpoints on nineteen specific issues--from seventeenth century Puritan debates on the authority of God, to the pre-Civil War slavery controversy, to the current questions of Popular…

  3. Return to Beringia: parasites reveal cryptic biogeographic history of North American pikas.

    PubMed

    Galbreath, Kurt E; Hoberg, Eric P

    2012-01-22

    Traditional concepts of the Bering Land Bridge as a zone of predominantly eastward expansion from Eurasia and a staging area for subsequent colonization of lower latitudes in North America led to early inferences regarding biogeographic histories of North American faunas, many of which remain untested. Here we apply a host-parasite comparative phylogeographical (HPCP) approach to evaluate one such history, by testing competing biogeographic hypotheses for five lineages of host-specific parasites shared by the collared pika (Ochotona collaris) and American pika (Ochotona princeps) of North America. We determine whether the southern host species (O. princeps) was descended from a northern ancestor or vice versa. Three parasite phylogenies revealed patterns consistent with the hypothesis of a southern origin, which is corroborated by four additional parasite lineages restricted to O. princeps. This finding reverses the traditional narrative for the origins of North American pikas and highlights the role of dispersal from temperate North America into Beringia in structuring northern diversity considerably prior to the Holocene. By evaluating multiple parasite lineages simultaneously, the study demonstrates the power of HPCP for resolving complex biogeographic histories that are not revealed by characteristics of the host alone. PMID:21676975

  4. Confronting the Cold War Legacy: The Forgotten History of the American Colony in St. Petersburg / A Case Study of Reconciliation

    E-print Network

    Ginzburg, Lyubov Alexandrovna

    2010-04-21

    This dissertation surveys three decades of the history and dynamics of Russian-American relations, demonstrating that their conduct has never been exclusively confined to governmental operatives and foreign policymakers. The focus of the research...

  5. Food in American History, Part 6—Beef (Part 1): Reconstruction and Growth Into the 20th Century (1865–1910).

    PubMed

    Grivetti, Louis E.; Corlett, Jan L.; Gordon, Bertram M.; Lockett, Cassius T.

    2004-01-01

    This sixth installment of Food in American History series considers 1865 through 1910, covering America’s reconstruction and growth after the Civil War, with beef as the central food theme. Part 1 follows the rise of the hamburger as an icon in American culture. PMID:15076706

  6. Across Generations: Culture, History, and Policy in the Social Ecology of American Indian Grandparents Parenting Their Grandchildren

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooradian, John K.; Cross, Suzanne L.; Stutzky, Glenn R.

    2006-01-01

    This article describes an investigation of ecological factors related to the experience of American Indian grandparents raising their grandchildren. Elements of American Indian culture and history, and United States policy, were used to generate explanatory hypotheses that were subjected to a thematic analysis of qualitative interview data. This…

  7. Foster Care History and HIV Infection among Drug-Using African American Female Sex Workers

    PubMed Central

    Surratt, Hilary L.; Kurtz, Steven P.

    2011-01-01

    Foster care has been associated with increased HIV risk behaviors among youth, yet long-term association with HIV infection has not been examined. This study explored the associations between foster placement, victimization, mental health, onset of sex work and HIV infection among highly vulnerable female sex workers. 562 drug-involved African American women were enrolled into an intervention study to increase health services utilization and reduce HIV risk. Seventeen percent reported a history of foster placement. Foster history was associated with significantly lower educational attainment, higher victimization, and more severe mental health problems. Women with foster histories reported significantly earlier entry into paid sex work, with some 62% active in the sex trade before age 18. Multivariate analyses found that foster care was independently associated with HIV seropositivity, and that early sex work partially mediated this association. The potential long-term health vulnerabilities associated with foster placement are understudied and warrant additional research. PMID:21818654

  8. Lessons on the Constitution: Supplements to High School Courses in American Government and American History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patrick, John J.; Remy, Richard C.

    Designed to be used in combination with standard high school textbooks in U.S. history and government, these lessons on the U.S. Constitution can be used singly or in varying combinations and most can be completed in one or two class meetings. There are five chapters. Chapter I is an introduction for teachers. Chapter II includes lessons about the…

  9. The Roman Military Sites of Britain

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Peter Green, a military history enthusiast, has created The Roman Military Sites of Britain to provide location information and background material on the history of the Roman Army's occupation of Britain. This handsome site contains five gazetteers, organized by region, which summarize important Roman military sites and link to detailed maps. A collection of contemporary photographs provides visitors with a view of the physical surroundings of the sites. In addition to the historic geographic information, this site also introduces the organization of the Roman Army from the first century to the fifth century, explains Roman military terms and unit names, describes typical Roman military sites, and summarizes major military events in Britain during the Roman occupation. For visitors who desire more information, Green supplies a general reading list about the history of Britain and its relation to the Roman army as well as an extensive Roman military bibliography of Britain.

  10. FindArticles > Natural History > Oct, 2002 > Article > Print friendly Plains song: bison and life on the "American serengeti" -Excerpt

    E-print Network

    Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

    FindArticles > Natural History > Oct, 2002 > Article > Print friendly Plains song: bison and life's American Bison, a book that captures far more of the natural and cultural history of the bison that Lott says has always driven his work: How do bison get on in the world?--THE EDITORS Bison Athletics I

  11. Women in American History: A Series. Book Two, Women in the Ages of Expansion and Reform 1820-1860.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanders, Beverly

    The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses women in the ages of expansion and reform (1820-1860). Designed to supplement U.S. history textbooks, the book is presented in six chapters. Chapter I describes the "true woman," an ideal cultivated by women writers, educators, and magazine editors. The four virtues were…

  12. Fire history of a prairie/forest boundary: more than 250 years of frequent fire in a North American tallgrass

    E-print Network

    Palmer, Michael W.

    history; Fire suppression; Osage Nation; Quercus stellata; Tallgrass prairie; Tree ring. Abbreviations EAS. Dendrochronological methods were used to identify years of formation for tree rings and fire scars. Superposed epochFire history of a prairie/forest boundary: more than 250 years of frequent fire in a North American

  13. Sharing Our Teachers: The Required Graduate Class at the American Museum of Natural History for Lehman College (CUNY)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aquino, Adriana E.; Kelly, Angela M.; Bayne, Gillian U.

    2010-01-01

    This reflective study explores the history and outcomes of a teacher education collaboration between the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) and Lehman College of The City University of New York (CUNY), in the Bronx, NY, USA. AMNH developed and teaches a Lehman course, Museum Resources for Teaching Science, for Master's degree candidates in…

  14. Land, language, and loci: mtDNA in Native Americans and the genetic history of Peru.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Cecil M; Tito, Raúl Y; Lizárraga, Beatriz; Stone, Anne C

    2005-07-01

    Despite a long history of complex societies and despite extensive present-day linguistic and ethnic diversity, relatively few populations in Peru have been sampled for population genetic investigations. In order to address questions about the relationships between South American populations and about the extent of correlation between genetic distance, language, and geography in the region, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) hypervariable region I sequences and mtDNA haplogroup markers were examined in 33 individuals from the state of Ancash, Peru. These sequences were compared to those from 19 American Indian populations using diversity estimates, AMOVA tests, mismatch distributions, a multidimensional scaling plot, and regressions. The results show correlations between genetics, linguistics, and geographical affinities, with stronger correlations between genetics and language. Additionally, the results suggest a pattern of differential gene flow and drift in western vs. eastern South America, supporting previous mtDNA and Y chromosome investigations. PMID:15584069

  15. Ellington Field: A Short History, 1917-1962

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carlson, Erik

    1999-01-01

    This document details the chronological history of an air field in Southeast Texas that currently serves as an adjunct to NASA Johnson Space Center as well as a civilian/military air field. The field was built early in the 20th century, soon after airplane flight became a recognized factor in American military applications, was central to a wide variety of military uses throughout this century, and remains viable for such purposes in addition to serving a vital role in NASA's training of astronauts.

  16. A brief perspective on the early history of American infectious disease epidemiology.

    PubMed Central

    Kass, E. H.

    1987-01-01

    The early history of epidemiology is closely linked to the history of infectious diseases and can be divided into three distinct periods. The earliest period, which can be traced to the writings of Hippocrates in the third and fourth centuries B.C., was that of clinical description of diseases with little investigation into their specific characteristics and etiologies. The second period, spanning the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, may be distinguished by the rejection of early Hippocratic and Galenic doctrines and the more systematic description of morbid conditions. The third period, which was marked by the discovery of specific microbial causes of disease, spurred an extraordinary growth of knowledge and scientific exploration. This period will be the main focus of the paper, as it had the greatest influence on the development of American infectious disease epidemiology. PMID:3310421

  17. Military communications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Torleiv Maseng; Randall Landry; Kenneth Young

    2009-01-01

    This feature topic on military communications includes five articles that deal primarily with wireless tactical networks, covering topics ranging from security to software defined radio design and mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) for covert battlefield operations.

  18. This major offers courses in ancient, medieval, and modern European history, including Russian history; in both North and Latin American history; in the

    E-print Network

    Rohs, Remo

    ) HIST course elective Upper Division Courses** HIST 312: The Age of the French Revolution and Napoleon: Urbanization in the American Experience HIST 351: The American Revolution HIST 352: The American Civil War

  19. This major offers courses in ancient, medieval, and modern European history, including Russian history; in both North and Latin American history; in the

    E-print Network

    Rohs, Remo

    (1) HIST course elective Upper Division Courses** HIST 312: The Age of the French Revolution: Urbanization in the American Experience HIST 351: The American Revolution HIST 352: The American Civil War

  20. Will Military Reductions Create Shortages of Trained Personnel and Harm the Career Prospects of American Youth? EQW Working Papers WP26.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barley, Stephen R.

    Although returns to military service may have been positive prior to Vietnam, since Vietnam the average veteran has neither benefited nor suffered economically from military service. Educational attainment is the primary reason veterans have earned more than nonveterans. Because the population as a whole has become more educated, military service…

  1. Fabricating authenticity: modeling a whale at the American Museum of Natural History, 1906-1974.

    PubMed

    Rossi, Michael

    2010-06-01

    Historians of science have in recent years become increasingly attentive to the ways in which issues of process, matter, meaning, and value combine in the fabrication of scientific objects. This essay examines the techniques that went into the construction--and authentication--of one such scientific object: a model of a blue, or "sulfur-bottom," whale manufactured at the American Museum of Natural History in 1907. In producing their model, exhibitors at the American Museum employed a patchwork of overlapping discursive, procedural, and material techniques to argue that their fabrication was as authentic--as truthful, accurate, authoritative, and morally and aesthetically worthy of display--as an exhibit containing a real, preserved cetacean. Through an examination of the archival and published traces left by these exhibitors as they built their whale, I argue that the scientific meanings of authenticity at the American Museum were neither static nor timeless, but rather were subject to constant negotiation, examination, re-evaluation, and upkeep. PMID:20718275

  2. Ancient collagen reveals evolutionary history of the endemic South American ‘ungulates’

    PubMed Central

    Buckley, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Since the late eighteenth century, fossils of bizarre extinct creatures have been described from the Americas, revealing a previously unimagined chapter in the history of mammals. The most bizarre of these are the ‘native’ South American ungulates thought to represent a group of mammals that evolved in relative isolation on South America, but with an uncertain affinity to any particular placental lineage. Many authors have considered them descended from Laurasian ‘condylarths’, which also includes the probable ancestors of perissodactyls and artiodactyls, whereas others have placed them either closer to the uniquely South American xenarthrans (anteaters, armadillos and sloths) or the basal afrotherians (e.g. elephants and hyraxes). These hypotheses have been debated owing to conflicting morphological characteristics and the hitherto inability to retrieve molecular information. Of the ‘native’ South American mammals, only the toxodonts and litopterns persisted until the Late Pleistocene–Early Holocene. Owing to known difficulties in retrieving ancient DNA (aDNA) from specimens from warm climates, this research presents a molecular phylogeny for both Macrauchenia patachonica (Litopterna) and Toxodon platensis (Notoungulata) recovered using proteomics-based (liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry) sequencing analyses of bone collagen. The results place both taxa in a clade that is monophyletic with the perissodactyls, which today are represented by horses, rhinoceroses and tapirs. PMID:25833851

  3. A geophysically constrainedlarge ensemble analysis of the d eglacial history of the North American ice-sheet complex

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Tarasov

    Past reconstructions of the deglaciation history of the North American (NA) ice-sheet complex have relied either on largely unconstrained and limited explorations of the phase space of solutions produced by glaciological models or upon geophysical inversions of relative sea-level (RSL) data which suffer from incomplete geographic coverage of the glaciated regions, load history amplitude\\/timing ambiguities, and a lack of a

  4. "No Unfavorable Comments from Any Quarter": Teaching Black History to White Students in the American South, 1928-1943

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woyshner, Christine

    2012-01-01

    Background/Context: The history curriculum is often used to help reach the goal of racial tolerance and understanding by teaching about the nation's diversity. Many educators believe that teaching about diverse peoples in schools will bring about greater equity in society. This historical study looks at the segregated American South from 1928 to…

  5. The African-American Mosaic. A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ham, Debra Newman, Ed.; And Others

    This book presents a broad survey of the Library of Congress's holdings concerning the history and culture of black Americans in the United States. It provides titles of bibliographies, other guides, aids to finding materials, and individual items. This guide, which is arranged chronologically, discusses Library of Congress collections in three…

  6. The American Land. Its History, Soil, Water, Wildlife, Agricultural Land Planning, and Land Problems of Today and Tomorrow.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

    Presented in this booklet is the commentary for "The American Land," a television series prepared by the Soil Conservation Service and the Graduate School, United States Department of Agriculture, in cooperation with WETA - TV, Washington, D.C. It explores the resource of land in America, its history, soil, water, wildlife, agricultural land…

  7. An Analysis of the Treatment of Corporate Influence on Government by United States History and American Government High School Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Richard

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on an investigation to explore the possibility that ideology might be expressed in the treatment of corporate influence on federal government by social studies textbooks. Two textbooks were examined in the study--United States history and American government. Corporate influence involves activities that affect election and…

  8. Online Teacher Education: A Formal-Informal Partnership between Brooklyn College and the American Museum of Natural History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miele, Eleanor; Shanley, Deborah; Steiner, Robert V.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the evolution of a partnership between Brooklyn College (BC) of the City University of New York (CUNY) and the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) that ultimately resulted in the formal incorporation of the museum's online Seminars on Science (SoS) courses into master's degree programs at Brooklyn College for teachers…

  9. Ten Years of Youth Programs at the American Museum of Natural History: An Independent Perspective and Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, Becky

    2008-01-01

    In this report, the author shares her perspective on ten years of science-rich programming for high school youth at the American Museum of Natural History. This report includes: (1) A discussion of the theory of action and the rationale that underlies the AMNH youth programs; (2) A description of three of the programs that have been offered and…

  10. Recent Scholarship on the Origins of the U.S. Constitution: A Guide for Teachers of American History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landis, Mark

    This guide is designed to introduce high school teachers of American history to the most recent scholarship dealing with the origins of the U.S. Constitution. Surveys of recent scholarship on constitutional origins are organized by the following topics: historiography of the Convention, the Anti-federalists, The Federalist Papers, ratification of…

  11. Hopelessness as Mediator of the Link Between Reports of a History of Child Maltreatment and Suicidality in African American Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lindi A. Meadows; Nadine J. Kaslow

    2002-01-01

    Findings from a study comparing reports of a history of child maltreatment and hopelessness in a sample of economically, socially, and educationally disadvantaged young urban African American women suicide attempters (n = 176) and demographically similar nonattempters (n = 185) revealed higher rates of child maltreatment and hopelessness among attempters than those among their nonsuicidal counterparts. Using a mediational model

  12. African American History, Race and Textbooks: An Examination of the Works of Harold O. Rugg and Carter G. Woodson

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, LaGarrett J.; Davis, Christopher; Brown, Anthony L.

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes that as a way to broaden the theoretical and historical context of social studies foundational literature and curriculum history, attention must be given to issues of race and racism related the experiences of African Americans. First, race and racism should be used as an analytical tool to examine longstanding foundations…

  13. Evaluation findings from genetics and family health history community-based workshops for African Americans.

    PubMed

    Manswell Butty, Jo-Anne; Richardson, Finie; Mouton, Charles P; Royal, Charmaine D M; Green, Rodney D; Munroe, Kerry-Ann

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the implementation and effectiveness of community education workshops to change genetics and health-related knowledge, intentions, and behavior of urban African Americans. Eight workshops were held and 183 participants consented to participate in the study. A majority of the participants were African American (97%) and female (84%) and just over half were 65 years and older (60%), and had some high school or were high school graduates (52%). The community-based workshops were standardized and comprised a 45-min PowerPoint presentation that included group discussions and interactive activities. The evaluation used a pre-post design with a 2-month follow-up. The group as a whole (and the subgroups by age and education level) significantly improved their knowledge of race and genetics from pretest to posttest as measured by their scores on the "Race", Genetics, and Health knowledge questions. Findings around intentions showed that the largest number of participants pledged to collect family health history information from family members. Findings around behavior changes showed that, along the stages of change continuum, there were more participants at maintenance (stage 5) at the 2-month follow-up than at the pre-workshop for three health-related activities. Feedback was positive as participants indicated they appreciated the information they received and audience involvement. The article discusses local and global implications for practice and research among community health educators. PMID:22109910

  14. A review of perspectives on alcohol and alcoholism in the history of American health and medicine.

    PubMed

    Stolberg, Victor B

    2006-01-01

    This review of alcohol use and alcoholism in the history of American health and medicine reveals a range of ambiguous perspectives. In early America, alcohol was attributed with an array of medicinal uses, while habitual drunkenness was not accepted and was identified as a sin. The reformers of the temperance movement expanded upon what they regarded as the social problems associated with alcohol. In nineteenth century America, medical sectarians developed conflicting and contradictory views on health and healing, including the place of alcohol and how to address alcoholism. As the American hospital system evolved, approaches for the care and treatment that alcoholics received in hospitals had to develop as well. Progressive reforms in the early twentieth century impacted many areas of public health in the United States, but continued to embody moralism. These historical trends profoundly influenced the social and institutional responses to alcoholism that continue today, including the evolution of the modern addiction treatment system and the formulation and promulgation of the disease concept. PMID:17135173

  15. Art History 95 Art History

    E-print Network

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Art History 95 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, BFA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American,Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies.The major in art history is struc

  16. Art History 97 Art History

    E-print Network

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Art History 97 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American,Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies.The major in art history is struc

  17. 184 History History (Hist)

    E-print Network

    Dresden, Gregory

    Civilization, 1789 to the Present Prerequisite:Freshmanorsophomorestanding. The French Revolution and Napoleon history's longest lasting monarchical system, ignited two of its largest revolutions, began World War IIandalternateyears History 107 (3)--History of the United states to 1876 The colonial period, the American Revolution

  18. A Senior High School Social Studies Unit on Latin American History. World History Series, Bulletin No. 257.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magee, Paul

    This secondary level curriculum guide provides a program and identifies materials for the history and culture of Latin America. The primary purpose of the course is to stimulate throught and to encourage students to make valid generalizations and intelligent assessments of the forces and events that have shaped the history and culture of Latin…

  19. Copyright American Museum of Natural History 2001 ISSN 0003-0082 / Price $2.10 PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

    E-print Network

    Siddall, Mark E.

    near Santa Isabel, Columbia (Rin- gulet,1980a), Helobdella titicacensis (Rin- gulet,1959) in Lake Titicaca, and Maiabdella batracophila (Ringuelet, 1980b). #12;2 NO. 3341AMERICAN MUSEUM NOVITATES Map 1

  20. Defensive Localism in White and Black: A Comparative History of European-American and African-American Youth Gangs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adamson, Christopher

    2000-01-01

    Compares European American and African American youth gangs in four historical periods (seaboard, immigrant, racially changing, and hypersegregated cities), showing that differences can be traced to race-specific effects of labor, housing, and consumer markets, government policies, local politics, and organized crime on their communities.…

  1. Distribution of Y Chromosomes Among Native North Americans: A Study of Athapaskan Population History

    E-print Network

    Kemp, Brian M.

    Distribution of Y Chromosomes Among Native North Americans: A Study of Athapaskan Population- lyzed to investigate the geographic distribution of Y chro- mosomes among native North Americans Department of Forest Management, University of Montana, Missoula 7 California National Primate Research

  2. Windchill index and military applications.

    PubMed

    Santee, William R

    2002-07-01

    A new Windchill Apparent Temperature (WCT) has been introduced to replace the Windchill Index (WCI) and Windchill Equivalent Temperature (WCET) used to quantify cold exposure. From the time of its introduction the WCI has been criticized on scientific grounds. Despite a history of criticism, the WCI and the derived WCET have been adopted by military and civilian organizations to characterize the hazards presented by exposure to cold environments. However, the military has specific needs that differ from those of the civilian population. Thus, additional weather products and devices, including thermoregulatory models, environmental monitors, and personal physiological status monitors, are available to supplement the revised WCT. PMID:12137109

  3. Military specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reynolds, Philip

    1987-01-01

    The current situation relative to the military specification is that there is not one specific model of turbulence which people are using. Particular disagreement exists on how turbulence levels will vary with qualitative analysis. It does not tie one down to specifics. When it comes to flying quality specifications, many feel that one should stay with the definitions of the Cooper-Harper rating scale but allow the levels to shift depending on the level of turbulence. There is a ride quality specification in the MIL-SPEC having to do with flight control systems design that is related to a turbulence model. This spec (MIL-F8785C) and others are discussed.

  4. A Study of the Relationship Between Scores on the School and College Ability Test (SCAT Series II), the College English Placement Test (CEPT) and Academic Achievement in American History and Constitution (History 27).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaumburg, Gary F.

    This paper reports the results of an investigation of the relationship between scores on the School and College Ability Test (SCAT), the College English Placement Test (CEPT), and grades earned in American History and Constitution (History 27 at Cerritos College, California) in order to ascertain if predictability of "successful" or "unsuccessful"…

  5. Associate ProfessorThe Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies (AAADS) and the Department of History at Indiana University seek to hire a scholar of

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    ) and the Department of History at Indiana University seek to hire a scholar of twentieth-century African American Grim at vgrim@indiana.edu or by mail to Dr. Valerie Grim, Chair, Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies, Indiana Univer- sity, Memorial Hall East-Room M29, Bloomington, IN 47405

  6. Sexual Assault Histories and Evening Drinking among Young American Men in a High-Risk Drinking Environment

    PubMed Central

    Mumford, E. A.; Kelley-Baker, T.; Romano, E.

    2010-01-01

    We surveyed young American men traveling to Tijuana, Mexico, from San Diego, California, for a weekend night out, collecting responses both southbound at the outset of the evening and northbound upon return at the end of the evening. Among 650 males, we examined the relationship between sexual histories and attitudes and alcohol use, both historically and on their night in Tijuana. Respondents with a history of coercing sex drank more in Tijuana and were more likely to binge drink. Although estimating sexual assaults committed by these males on the evening in question was not possible, this research establishes the link between a history of sexual assault and the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of young men resulting from an evening in a timeout environment. PMID:20043253

  7. New York City International Polar Weekend at the American Museum of Natural History

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pfirman, S.; Turrin, M.; Macphee, R.

    2008-12-01

    The American Museum of Natural History, in partnership with Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and the Earth Institute of Columbia University and Barnard College, is featuring the International Polar Year through a New York City International Polar Weekend (NYC-IPW) in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The event showcases current polar research, polar environmental changes, history and culture during two days of family programs and activities, performances, and lectures. The goal of the NYC-IPW is to engage diverse audiences and enhance the public understanding of polar science, in particular IPY research, through close interactions with polar experts. Activities for the public include many disciplines, ranging from the physical sciences and cultural anthropology to music and art, and are presented in many forms, from lectures, panels and films to posters and play. Highlights of the NYC-IPW include: 1) A polar fair for youth and adults, showcasing scientists, artists, and educators who have worked at one or both poles and including many interactive exhibits featuring such topics as life in New York at the end of the last Ice Age, how Arctic sea ice is changing, and life on and under the ice. 2) Performances and presentations oriented towards children and families, including Inuit Throat Singers, Central Park Zoo Theater Group, and a northern lights show. 3) Lectures showcasing current IPY research and addressing such issues as the possible effects of climate change on the poles and the rest of the world, as well as polar poetry, art and film. 4) A partnership with New York City Urban Advantage program for Middle School students in the city to meet with scientists, teachers and students who had participated in polar research and travel. 5) Norwegian Consulate sponsorship of science presenters and Sami performers. The March 2007 event involved 85 presenters and volunteers from 22 institutions, and attracted ca. 3,500 visitors. Approximately 5,000 visitors attended the February 2008 event with 95 presenters and volunteers from 24 institutions. Visitors surveyed appreciated interacting with polar experts, gaining a new understanding of changing polar environments, and connecting science with art and culture. The NYC-IPW is a new and unique partnership between with the research community and public programming at AMNH that successfully engages the public in learning about the poles.

  8. The Closure History of the Central American Seaway and its Relationship to Ocean Circulation and Climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Waite, A. J.; Martin, E. E.; Lawrence, K. T.; Ladlow, C. G.; Newkirk, D.

    2014-12-01

    Paleoceanographic and ecologic studies suggest that gradual shoaling of the Central American Seaway (CAS) as the Isthmus of Panama rose between ~13 to 2 Ma caused a stepwise shutdown of deep, intermediate, and shallow Pacific water flow through the seaway into the Caribbean. This diminishing communication is thought to have significantly influenced surface currents, ocean circulation at depth, and ultimately regional and global climate. However, new studies of Panama's volcanic/tectonic history suggest the isthmus rose much earlier than previous estimates, calling into question many of our accepted implications for this gateway event under the 'Panama Hypothesis,' including strengthened thermohaline circulation, North Atlantic Deep Water production, increased North Atlantic temperature, and ties to Northern Hemisphere glaciation. Despite considerable research, few paleoceanographic studies have directly examined the possibility of earlier events in the closure history of the CAS and thus the precise linkages and timing are not well defined. To investigate early restricted CAS flow related to sill formation or pulsed exhumation events, we examine two sets of independent paleoceanographic reconstructions from Ocean Drilling Program sediment cores from the region. We assess the presence of Pacific waters within the Caribbean over the last 30 Ma via the Nd-isotopic composition of fish teeth from several Caribbean sites; these records point to sustained transport of Pacific waters into the Caribbean from at least 30 to 10 Ma. Further, alkenone-derived sea surface temperature (SST) reconstructions from the Eastern Equatorial Pacific (EEP) indicate the presence of consistently warm (>27 °C) waters in the EEP from ~12 to ~5 Ma, after which time SSTs at sites within the modern cold tongue begin to cool appreciably. The SST data imply that the EEP cold tongue, which some studies suggest is linked in part to the rise of the Panamanian isthmus, did not develop until after 5 Ma. Collectively, these paleoceanographic reconstructions and model outputs indicate notable communication of water between the Pacific and the Caribbean until at least 10 Ma and provide improved understanding of the sequence of events associated with the rise of the Isthmus of Panama and closure of the CAS.

  9. Nearby History: Exploring the Past around You. Second Edition. American Association for State and Local History Book Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyvig, David E.; Marty, Myron A.

    A comprehensive handbook on investigating the history of your community, family, local institutions, and cultural artifacts, this fully updated second edition provides insights on how to find and use published, unpublished, visual, and material records; collect information through interviews; connect individual investigations with broader…

  10. Community Portraits: County Atlases as Resources for Teaching U.S. History. Cartographic Traditions in American History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danzer, Gerald A., Ed.; Newman, Mark, Ed.

    This collection of cartographic projects grew out of a professional development summer institute for teachers conducted in 1995 in the History Department of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Curriculum materials developed during the institute were used in various classrooms during the following school year. The collection contains selected…

  11. Risk Reduction for HIV-Positive African American and Latino Men with Histories of Childhood Sexual Abuse

    PubMed Central

    Wyatt, Gail E.; Rivkin, Inna; Ramamurthi, Hema Codathi; Li, Xiaomin; Liu, Honghu

    2014-01-01

    While the HIV epidemic has disproportionately affected African American and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM), few HIV prevention interventions have focused on African American and Latino men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW). Even fewer interventions target HIV-positive African American and Latino MSM and MSMW with histories of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), a population that may be vulnerable to high-risk sexual behaviors, having multiple sexual partners, and depression. The Men’s Health Project, a small randomized clinical trial, compared the effects of two 6-session interventions, the Sexual Health Intervention for Men (S-HIM), guided by social learning theory and aimed at decreasing high-risk sexual behaviors, number of sexual partners, and depressive symptoms, and a standard health promotion control (SHP).A community sample of 137 HIV-positive gay and non-gay identifying African American and Latino MSM and MSMW with histories of CSA was recruited. Results were based on an “intent to treat” analyses of baseline to post, 3 and 6 month follow-ups. The sample as a whole reported reductions in sexual risk behaviors and number of sexual partners from baseline to post-test, and from the 3 to 6 month follow-ups, although the decrease in sexual risk behavior from baseline to post-test was significant only for S-HIM participants. No significant differences between conditions were reported for depressive symptoms, but the total sample reported a significant decrease at 6 months. These findings highlight the importance of addressing sexual decision-making and psychological adjustment for ethnic men, while being sensitive to CSA histories and sexual minority status, and suggest the need to develop additional strategies to heighten HIV risk reduction over time. PMID:18506611

  12. Humanizing History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blois, B. A.

    1976-01-01

    History as a social science does not need to be dull. A method which has had great success in a survey course of modern American history has been the use of oral history techniques in studying the Depression. Students responded enthusiastically and their projects formed a valuable nucleus of the school's oral history project. (Author/JDS)

  13. "How Wide the World:" Geography, Maps, and the Teaching of American History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinhartz, Judy; Reinhartz, Dennis

    1993-01-01

    Asserts that maps and map study are essential to understand history and develop historical perspective. Presents a learning activity using maps to illustrate the importance of geography in U.S. history. Includes four maps and recommended teaching procedures. (CFR)

  14. The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Cary

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar…

  15. Crossroads: A K-16 American History Curriculum. The Middle School Curriculum. [Part Three.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for Citizenship Education, Troy, NY.

    This U.S. history curriculum guide, based upon historical essays written by Richard B. Bernstein, is intended for students in grades 7 and 8, and is the keystone of the 'Crossroads' project. The guide introduces students to the chronological structure of U.S. history and to the eight overarching themes of U.S. history as defined by the…

  16. Military Dollars and Public Sense: Do Big Defense Budgets Help the Economy?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin Cassidy; Kevin B. Bean

    1991-01-01

    This section explores the link between the continued American commitment to large-scale military spending and the apparent decline of the American economy. Indeed the assumption that war preparation benefits everyone has been a fundamental part of American political culture throughout the Cold War. Military spending raises three problematical issues for the U.S. economy. This is what critics call the opportunity

  17. Courses: Native American Studies (NAMS) Page 351Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog nAMS 412 nAtiVe CAlifOrniA hiStOry And Culture (4)

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    Indians. A survey of North American Indian educational history will be followed by practical projects of the contemporary problems, issues, and developments involving American Indians in California. nAMS 495 Spe excursions into various areas of the country where American Indians lived or are living. nAMS 305 nOrth AMeriCAn

  18. Women in History--Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte: American Physician and Heroine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krumm, Bernita L.

    2005-01-01

    This article profiles Susan LaFlesche Picotte, the first Native American woman doctor in the United States. Several accounts record that at a very young age Picotte witnessed an incident involving a Caucasian doctor who refused to care for a dying Native American woman. Picotte was inspired by that incident to become a physician, ultimately…

  19. Critical Contexts for Biomedical Research in a Native American Community: Health Care, History, and Community Survival

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahota, Puneet Chawla

    2012-01-01

    Native Americans have been underrepresented in previous studies of biomedical research participants. This paper reports a qualitative interview study of Native Americans' perspectives on biomedical research. In-depth interviews were conducted with 53 members of a Southwest tribal community. Many interviewees viewed biomedical research studies as a…

  20. Teaching American Indian Geography and History with New Perspectives: The Lodge Pole River Project Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurt, Douglas A.; Wallace, Michael L.

    2005-01-01

    A three-year institute called "The Lodge Pole River Project" was designed to change educator perceptions of American Indian historical geography and encourage the creation of balanced and culturally sensitive American Indian K-12 curriculum. This project offered unique opportunities to assess a geography institute's impact upon teacher knowledge…

  1. Middle Miocene to present plate tectonic history of the southern Central American Volcanic Arc

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    MacMillan, Ian; Gans, Phillip B.; Alvarado, Guillermo

    2004-11-01

    New mid Miocene to present plate tectonic reconstructions of the southern Central American Volcanic Arc (CAVA) reveal that the inception of Cocos Ridge subduction began no earlier than 3 Ma, and possibly as late as 2 Ma. The Cocos Ridge has been displaced from the Malpelo Ridge to the southeast since ˜9 Ma along the Panama Fracture Zone (PFZ) system. Ambiguous PFZ and Coiba Fracture Zone (CFZ) interaction since ˜9 Ma precludes conclusively establishing the age of initial Cocos Ridge subduction. Detailed reconstructions based on magnetic anomalies offshore reveal several other variations in subduction parameters beneath southern Central America that preceded subduction of the Cocos Ridge, including southeastward migration of the Nazca-Cocos-Caribbean triple junction along the Middle America Trench (MAT) from 12 Ma to present, and subduction of ?2 km high scarps both parallel and perpendicular to the trench from 6 to ˜1 Ma. The timing of changes in subduction processes has commonly been determined by (and correlated with) geologic changes in the upper plate. However, reliable 40Ar/ 39Ar dating of these events has become available only recently [Abstr. Programs-Geol. Soc. Am. (2002)]. These new dates better constrain the magmatic and structural history of southern Costa Rica. Observations from this data set include: a gap in the volcanic record from 11 to 6 Ma, which coincides temporally with emplacement of most plutons in southern Costa Rica, normal arc volcanism ceased after 3.5 Ma in southern Costa Rica, and Pliocene (mostly ˜1.5 Ma) adakite volcanism was widely distributed from central Panama to southern Costa Rica (though volumetrically insignificant). This new data reveals that many geologic phenomena, commonly attributed to subduction and underplating of the buoyant Cocos Ridge, in fact precede inception of Cocos Ridge subduction and seem to correlate more favorably in time with earlier tectonic events. Adakite volcanic activity corresponds in space and time with the subduction of a large scarp associated with a tectonic boundary off southern Panama. Regional unconformities and an 11-6 Ma gap in arc volcanism match temporally with oblique subduction of the Nazca plate beneath central and southern Costa Rica. Cessation of volcanic activity, low-temperature cooling of plutons in the Cordillera de Talamanca (CT), and rapid increases in sedimentation in the fore-arc and back-arc basins coincide with passage of the Nazca-Cocos-Caribbean triple junction and initiation of subduction of "rough" crust associated with Cocos-Nazca rifting 3.5 Ma, closely followed by initial subduction of the Cocos Ridge 2-3 Ma. None of the aforementioned geologic events occurred at a time that would allow for underplating by the Cocos Ridge. Rather they are probably related to complex interactions with subduction of complicated plates offshore. All of the aforementioned events indicate that the southern Central American subduction system has been in flux since at least ˜12 Ma.

  2. Catalog of the Orientalia Collection of the U.S. Military Academy Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Pingkun; Kao, Angela H.H.

    This bibliography of the holdings of the United States Military Academy Library's Orientalia Collection as of January 1977 lists books and periodicals written mostly in Chinese, with a few words in Japanese and English. The major subjects include general and military history, history of military art and science, biography, culture, geography,…

  3. Varicella zoster virus in American Samoa: seroprevalence and predictive value of varicella disease history in elementary and college students.

    PubMed

    Mahamud, A; Leung, J; Masunu-Faleafaga, Y; Teshale, E; Williams, R; Dulski, T; Thieme, M; Garcia, P; Schmid, D S; Bialek, S R

    2014-05-01

    The epidemiology of varicella is believed to differ between temperate and tropical countries. We conducted a varicella seroprevalence study in elementary and college students in the US territory of American Samoa before introduction of a routine varicella vaccination programme. Sera from 515 elementary and 208 college students were tested for the presence of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) IgG antibodies. VZV seroprevalence increased with age from 76·0% in the 4-6 years group to 97·7% in those aged ?23 years. Reported history of varicella disease for elementary students was significantly associated with VZV seropositivity. The positive and negative predictive values of varicella disease history were 93·4% and 36·4%, respectively, in elementary students and 97·6% and 3·0%, respectively, in college students. VZV seroprevalence in this Pacific island appears to be similar to that in temperate countries and suggests endemic VZV circulation. PMID:23890292

  4. Speciational history of North American Haemorhous finches (Aves: Fringillidae) inferred from multilocus data.

    PubMed

    Smith, Brian Tilston; Bryson, Robert W; Chua, Vivien; Africa, Lia; Klicka, John

    2013-03-01

    We investigated species relationships and timing of speciation in North American Haemorhous finches by using a mitochondrial phylogeographic approach combined with a multilocus species tree reconstruction. Haemorhous purpureus and H. cassinii were strongly supported as sister taxa, and H. mexicanus was sister to H. purpureus+H. cassinii. Our divergence times indicated that diversification within Haemorhous occurred progressively from the Late Miocene into the Pleistocene. Our inferred pattern of speciation demonstrates the complexity of the origins of North American birds, and provides additional evidence that a single cause for speciation in closely related North American birds, such as Late Pleistocene glacial-interglacial cycles, is unlikely. PMID:23219607

  5. The Quality Circle and the American Survey: What to Do When You Can't Have Lunch.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Patrick

    A quality circle approach was implemented at Valley Forge Military Junior College during two semesters of an American History survey course. Student input into the academic progress of the course was at the root of the quality circle experiment, with students determining the type and frequency of written assignments, course structure, the…

  6. "Indigenous" -- "Vernacular" : negotiating an American history for modernism through the lens of the architectural exhibition

    E-print Network

    Rahmlow, Rebecca Suzanne

    2008-01-01

    After modernism was conceptualized as the "International Style" at the Museum of Modern Art in 1932, historians and critics sought to legitimate American architecture through the construction of a linear ancestry which ...

  7. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, & Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. New Expanded Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bogle, Donald

    This classic, definitive study of Black images in American movies has been completely revised and updated to include new chapters on the films of the 1970s and 1980s. This new version of the book reveals the way in which the image of Blacks in American movies has changed--and also the way in which it has remained the same. Following a preface to…

  8. [The history of genetics in Latin American countries during the twentieth century].

    PubMed

    Cruz-Coke, R

    1999-12-01

    The aim of this historical review is to evaluate the evolution of genetics in the context of Latin American scientific culture, to value foreign influences and to highlight the discoveries and contributions of Latin American geneticists. During the first third of the twentieth century, local naturalists, botanists and physicians understood the chromosomal theory of heredity and Mendelian theory of evolution and begun research and teaching on these new theories and technologies. During the thirties and forties, North American geneticists visited South America and formed development poles on cytogenetics and population genetics in Brazil and Argentina. During the fifties and sixties, human genetics was formally established in Brazil, Argentina and Chile. Genetics teaching became generalized in universities and national Genetics Societies were formed. In 1969, the Latin American Genetics Society was created, unifying the efforts of zoologists, botanists, physicians and anthropologists in an unique Latin American cultural space, organizing 11 meetings between 1972 and 1994. Latin Americans have made a great contribution in genome discovery of animal, vegetable and human species in their territory. They explored the great genetic diversity of the continent, discovering new genes and diseases. The biomedical area had the greatest development. In 1997, there were 130 medical genetics centers, 120 hospitals specialized in congenital malformations, 56 molecular biology centers and 26 molecular genetics centers. At the end of the twentieth century, human genetics is completely integrated to medical sciences in Latin America. PMID:10835762

  9. The American History Videodisc (Second Edition), CD-ROM, and Master Guide [Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1996

    This resource represents a virtual library of still and moving images, documents, maps, sound clips and text which make up United States history from the Pre Columbian era to the early 1990s. The interdisciplinary range of materials included is compatible with standard textbooks in middle and high school social science, social studies, history,…

  10. Lies My Teacher Told Me. Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loewen, James W.

    A survey of 12 leading high school U.S. History textbooks has resulted in the opinion put forth in this book that the textbooks currently used in high schools are an embarrassing amalgam of bland optimism, blind patriotism, and misinformation. In addition to critiquing existing textbooks, the book also suggests how U.S. History should be taught.…

  11. Crossroads: A K-16 American History Curriculum. The Post Secondary Curriculum. [Part Five.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for Citizenship Education, Troy, NY.

    This U.S. history curriculum guide, based upon historical essays written by Richard B. Bernstein, is intended for postsecondary students. The guide incorporates an extended syllabus that sketches a two-semester survey course. This course provides students with a serious grounding in U.S. history. It also demonstrates the perennial contests over…

  12. Crossroads: A K-16 American History Curriculum. The High School Curriculum. [Part Four.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for Citizenship Education, Troy, NY.

    This U.S. history curriculum guide, based upon the historical essays written by Richard B. Bernstein, is intended for students in grades 9 - 12 and refines and extends the understanding of U.S. history that students have acquired to date. Students are challenged to venture into historical explorations and analyses in order to compare and contrast…

  13. Introduction history and species characteristics partly explain naturalization success of North American woody species in Europe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anna Bucharova; Mark van Kleunen

    2009-01-01

    Summary 1. The search for general characteristics of invasive species has not been very successful yet. A reason for this could be that current invasion patterns are mainly reflecting the introduction history (i.e. time since introduction and propagule pressure) of the species. Accurate data on the introduction history are, however, rare, particularly for introduced alien species that have not established.

  14. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (mid-Atlantic)-American shad. [Alosa sapidissima

    SciTech Connect

    MacKenzie, C.; Weiss-Glanz, L.S.; Moring, J.R.

    1985-04-01

    Species profiles are literature summaries on the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessment. The depleted populations of the American shad, Alosa sapidissima, are being restored in many of the rivers along the East Coast that originally supported large runs. The American shad is an anadromous fish that lives several years in the ocean and returns to its natal river to spawn in the spring when temperatures reach 12/sup 0/C. The eggs are carried by currents downstream from spawning sites in large rivers for 8 to 12 days until they hatch. The larvae, which metamorphose to juveniles in 3 to 4 weeks, remain in the river until fall when they migrate to the sea. Shad move offshore and southward during winter at water temperaures of 3 to 15/sup 0/C. American shad feed on zooplankton. They adapt readily to fresh or saltwater, but they prefer salinities exceeding 4 ppt. 50 refs., 3 figs., 8 tabs.

  15. American Experience: Victory in the Pacific

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Over the past several decades, the American Experience program created by WGBH has taken visitors on journeys to learn about the Alamo, Rosie the Riveter, and a myriad of other topics. This particular program offers insight and commentary on the American experience in the Pacific theater of operations during World War II. Visitors can watch the entire program here, and it includes testimony from those who were there, military historians, and others. The site also features an online forum, a general background article ("A Hell on Earth"), and a list of suggested books and websites. One of the more intriguing items is a propaganda leaflet dropped on Japan during the final few months of the war by American planes. This website would be quite helpful in world history classroom settings, and for those with a penchant for 20th century history in general.

  16. 75 FR 3449 - Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Teaching American History Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ...helping teachers to develop a deeper understanding and appreciation...OER). OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that...history teaching and student learning in action, for presentation...teacher participation on student learning and for continuous...

  17. Military Camp 2 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    and Command, Control, Communications, and Computers (C4) a. Understand information and C4 concepts and how they relate. b. Demonstrate a thorough understanding of how information operations and C4 are integrated to support the National Military... the Strategist Construct from Military and Business Literature ................................................................ 2 Professional Military Education: Setting the Scene ................... 6 The Emergence of Requirements for Master Strategists...

  18. Breaking away from the Textbook: A Creative Approach to Teaching American History. Third Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kintisch, Shelly; Cordero, Wilma

    2005-01-01

    This "Third Edition" updates the decades of the 1980s and 1990s and moves into the events and issues of the 21st century. Designed as a teaching supplement for any U.S. history course of study, it can be used in its entirety or selectively to fill in gaps left by traditional textbooks and curricula. The authors seek to bring U.S. history to life…

  19. "Brown"-ing the American Textbook: History, Psychology, and the Origins of Modern Multiculturalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman, Jonathan

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses the struggles over school textbooks to probe America's postwar discourse about race, highlighting the shift towards psychological modes of explanation and remedy. The first section examines debates in the North during the 1940s and early 1950s when a new cohort of African-American freedom fighters--the so-called "World War…

  20. A History of the New York Branch of the American Psychological Association, 1903–1935

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ludy T. Benjamin

    1991-01-01

    The Eastern Psychological Association (EPA) held its 62nd annual meeting in 1991. The numbering of those meetings began with a meeting of the New York Branch of the American Psychological Association in 1930, but the roots of EPA are much deeper, originating with the formation of the New York Branch in 1903. The branch began as a forum for the

  1. The Natural History of American Black - White Relations: A Question of Structural Persistence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shute, Gary

    The focus of this paper is on the Piedmont and Tidewater regions of the American South. Traditional social patterns tend to be used as models as long as they serve the community's purposes. In the community of slave and planter in ante-bellum Tidewater Southern U.S.A., a group of privileged blacks known generally as house servants came to function…

  2. Values in History: Changing Interpretations of the American Presidency from 1945-1965.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, James R.

    The paper traces the period 1945-65 when scholars of the American presidency changed their emphasis from the study of individual presidents to examination of the presidency itself and the powers it encompassed. The change was prompted by events such as World War II, development of the atomic bomb, and the Cold War. Evidence that mankind was…

  3. The War at Home: Oral Histories from Japanese Americans at Seabrook Farms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humanities, 1995

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the Japanese American relocation program during World War II. Maintains that one option to the camps was to move to Seabrook Farms, a vegetable and food processing facility in New Jersey. Presents oral historical accounts and photographs of Seabrook. (CFR)

  4. PHYLOGEOGRAPHY, POSTGLACIAL GENE FLOW, AND POPULATION HISTORY OF NORTH AMERICAN NORTHERN GOSHAWKS (ACCIPITER GENTILIS)

    E-print Network

    (ACCIPITER GENTILIS) Shelley Bayard de Volo,1,2,5 richard T. reynoldS,2 Sarah a. SonSThagen,3,4 Sandra l. Tal American Northern Goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) were historically isolated within multiple Late Pleistocene February 2013. Key words: Accipiter gentilis, Apache goshawk, mitochondrial DNA control region, Northern

  5. The American Lyceum: Its History and Contribution to Education. Bulletin, 1932, No. 12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Cecil B.

    1932-01-01

    During an investigation made to determine to what extent teachers in the United States had organized teachers' associations previous to the forming of the National Education Association, the American Lyceum was found to be the first educational institution, of which teachers were a part, having a program calculated to improve the educational…

  6. 3 CFR 8930 - Proclamation 8930 of January 31, 2013. National African American History Month, 2013

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...of freedom won and honor the individuals who wrote them. We look back to the men and women who helped raise the pillars of democracy, even when the halls they built were not theirs to occupy. We trace generations of African Americans, free and...

  7. An Unfinished History: A Developmental Analysis of Reference Services in American Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rothstein, Samuel

    1989-01-01

    Discussion of the information services offered by American university libraries begins with historical background. Topics related to contemporary reference service are then covered, including goals and priorities; fees; management; measurement; unobtrusive testing; reference personnel; and the online revolution. The future impacts of changing…

  8. Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect. The American Negro, His History and Literature [Series].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Lorenzo Dow

    The present text on Gullah, a dialect of a large number of Negroes in South Carolina and Georgia, is a reprint of the original volume published in 1949 by the University of Chicago Press. (Publication of the original was aided by a subsidy from the American Council of Learned Societies.) In the first preface, the author remarks on the current…

  9. The American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare: History and Grand Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barth, Richard P.; Gilmore, Grover C.; Flynn, Marilyn S.; Fraser, Mark W.; Brekke, John S.

    2014-01-01

    Conceptualized by social work deans and actualized with the support of major social work organizations, the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare was established in 2009. This article describes the historical context and creation of the Academy, whose objectives include recognizing outstanding social work scholars and practitioners;…

  10. Public release date: 8-Jul-2010 Contact: Kristin Elise Phillips, American Museum of Natural History

    E-print Network

    : The age of the solar system and of Earth: Arizona State University's Audrey Bouvier and colleagues in the solar system--hit planets like Earth? These are some of the topics that will be discussed at the largest Denton Ebel, curator in the Department of Earth and Planetary #12;Sciences at the American Museum

  11. Relocation and Urbanization: An Educational History of the American Indian Experience in Chicago, 1952-1972

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laukaitis, John J.

    2005-01-01

    The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) created the Relocation Program in 1952 to sever Indian federal trust status and impose Euro-American values on Indians all under the guise of benevolence. Led from reservations to urban areas, Indians found the problems of their reservations in their new locations: few employment opportunities, poor housing…

  12. The History and Development of the Alabama Division of the American Rehabilitation Counseling Association

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Templeton, Mary Anne

    2007-01-01

    The Alabama Division of the American Rehabilitation Association is an organization committed to representing those counselors who work in the field of rehabilitation across the state. The division is focused on offering leadership within the field of rehabilitation counseling, promoting professional development opportunities for counselors, and…

  13. [Volgograd military hospital--70 years].

    PubMed

    Novikov, V Ia; Alborov, Z Ts

    2012-01-01

    History of the Volgograd military hospital dates back to July 24, 1941, when on the basis of the regional children's bone tuberculosis sanatorium in Krasnodar was transformed into 2150th military hospital consisted of 240 beds. Since May 1944 relocated in the city of Stalingrad became a garrison hospital. Today the hospital is a multidisciplinary health centre of the Russian Defense Ministry. Annually, the hospital performed at least 3000 surgical procedures, including more than 37%--are complex. In surgery, improved endovideosurgical direction, over 31% of emergency operations performed using this method. Since December 2009 the hospital became a structural division of the District Hospital in 1602 in Rostov on Don. The close connection between the branch and district hospital allows for complex diagnostic situations to consult leading experts, including consultation, thus ensuring the most effective treatment results. PMID:22545455

  14. American Women and American Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chmaj, Betty E.

    The American Studies Association (ASA) is an interprofessional group, representing a cross-section of persons from American literature, American history, the social sciences, philosophy, archeology, Black Studies, Urban Studies, American Studies, and others. This document by the ASA Commission on the Status of Women includes: (1) a report of the…

  15. Ella Thea Smith and the Lost History of American High School Biology Textbooks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald P. Ladouceur

    2008-01-01

    Two influential articles published in the 1970s suggested that pressure from Christian fundamentalists, subsequent to the\\u000a Scopes trial of 1925, forced American high school biology textbook authors and publishers to significantly limit discussion\\u000a of the topic of evolution. The conclusions reached by these studies have become foundational for historians examining the\\u000a interplay between science and religion in the United States

  16. The Corps Of Engineers Military Ocean Engineering Related Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Whalin

    1983-01-01

    The Corps of Engineers, CE, has a long and varied history of research and development (R&D) in military\\/ civil ocean engineering. Model tests were performed of floating breakwaters used during the Normandy invasion, investigations have been made of military harbors, and designs have been prepared for breakwaters and jetties. The CE has had a key role in numerous joint studies

  17. Materials and Area of Study for Advanced Placement Program in American History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santos, Peter A.

    This paper describes and evaluates benefits of advanced placement programs and identifies materials which can help high school history classroom teachers develop effective advanced placement programs. An advanced placement program is defined as a program which requires a student to do extensive research and writing throughout the school year.…

  18. A Study of the Relationship between Historical Analysis and Student Achievement in Eighth Grade American History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stuart, Kevin

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this action research project was to study the relationship between Historical Analysis and student performance on the California Standards Test (CSTs), both English Language Arts and History, as well as to study the relationship between Historical Analysis and Reading Comprehension. It was believed that Historical Analysis required…

  19. Using Fiction to Teach American History in Middle School: Affects on Student Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elias, Anjuli Rose

    2010-01-01

    This research highlights the effects of using literature and relevant curriculum to teach history in grade levels 6 through 8, and analyzes how students respond when learning complicated themes and events through the medium of historic fiction. Specifically, my research seeks to inform secondary educators concerning the use of the narrative and…

  20. vol. 172, no. 3 the american naturalist september 2008 Natural History Note

    E-print Network

    Rudgers, Jennifer

    : Imperfect Vertical Transmission of Fungal Endophytes in Grasses Michelle E. Afkhami* and Jennifer A. Rudgers history surveys of fungal endophytes in grasses, we show that transmission was im- perfect in at least one stage for all seven host species examined. Endophytes were lost at all possible stages: within adult

  1. Things Are Happening: A Survey Report of North American Family History Activity. Series 340.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennion, Roy B.; Nichols, Elizabeth L.

    To find out about grass roots activities and projects in family history, a survey form was distributed through periodicals and newsletters of genealogical and historical organizations and through general periodicals; telephone calls were made to all state boards of education; and data were gathered from projects already in the researchers'…

  2. Using a Historical Incident to Focus on Value Formation. A Lesson Plan in American History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richburg, Robert W.; Nelson, Barbara J.

    1990-01-01

    Stresses the importance of teaching values in U.S. history classes. Reviews current literature on values development. Presents a lesson plan on John Adams and his decision-making role in the Boston Massacre incident. Asks students to examine the parallels between Adams' decision to defend the British soldiers and their own lives. (RW)

  3. Crossroads: A K-16 American History Curriculum. The Elementary Curriculum. [Part Two.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for Citizenship Education, Troy, NY.

    This U.S. history curriculum guide, based upon historical essays written by Richard B. Bernstein, is part of the 'Crossroads' curriculum project. The elementary school component of the 'Crossroads' curriculum introduces students to the important things about the world they live in, the nation that they are a part of, the connection between the…

  4. Getting Medieval on American History Research: A Method to Help Students Think Historically

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkholder, Peter

    2010-01-01

    In an attempt to increase college history majors' ability to analyze primary sources, the author set up a unique research project designed to tap into his students' personal interests, and which would utilize a specific method requiring them to grapple with primary source materials in an unfamiliar, though hopefully more profitable fashion. The…

  5. New Republic to Civil War: Booklet 2. Critical Thinking in American History. [Student Manual

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Reilly, Kevin

    One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this student booklet presents high school students with supplementary lessons on the new Republic, the Jacksonian era, slavery and the Civil War. The student booklet begins with a guide to critical thinking which offers an explanation…

  6. Barrel of Fun: A Case History of Technology's Impact on American Culture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardeman, Nicholas; Collins, Keith

    1991-01-01

    Traces the barrel in history through language, literature, poetry, music, art, and architecture. Includes examples and anecdotes of barrels in movies, television, and recreation. Illustrates the impact of the barrel on U.S. culture. Emphasizes that the importance of such an example of technology cannot be adequately measured. (DK)

  7. From the Battlefront of the Texas History Wars: Contending with "American Exceptionalism"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noboa, Julio

    2011-01-01

    It was in late May of 2010 that the Texas State Board of Education (SBOE) took their final vote on the curriculum standards that will have an impact on what millions of students in Texas as well as dozens of other states will learn about history and social studies for the next 10 years. These "Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills" (TEKS) standards…

  8. A Story Well Told: Rich Narrative Engages California Fifth Grade Students in American History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huson, Julie Alice

    2007-01-01

    The educational publisher Pearson/Scott-Foresman in 2006 introduced curriculum to address California History/Social Studies standards. Fifth grade students have difficulty comprehending non-fiction text that is informative enough to have historical accuracy. The publisher promotes a program that features a standard in every lesson, and promises no…

  9. An Energy Curriculum for the Middle Grades. Unit Two: Energy and American History With Adaptations for Science, Language Arts, Practical Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana State Dept. of Public Instruction, Indianapolis. Div. of Curriculum.

    This guide is intended to integrate energy education into the curriculum of the middle school grades. It contains a rationale; a detailed introduction including a teacher's guide, glossary, and bibliography; a teacher's guide to a cartoon book; and separate teacher's entries and student entries for various eras of American history. The subjects…

  10. Knowledge about type 2 diabetes risk and prevention of African-American and Hispanic adults and adolescents with family history of type 2 diabetes

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The purpose of this study was to assess type 2 diabetes knowledge, perceptions, risk factor awareness, and prevention practices among African-American and Hispanic families with a history of diabetes. Ninth and tenth grade Houston area students who had a parent who spoke English or Spanish and had a...

  11. Women Reading for Education, Affinity & Development (WREAD): An Evaluation of a Semistructured Reading Discussion Group for African American Female Adult-Literacy Students with Histories of Trauma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Jayatta D.

    2012-01-01

    Women Reading for Education, Affinity & Development (WREAD), a reading discussion group geared toward African American female adult-literacy students with self-defined histories of trauma, was an outgrowth of research identifying links between trauma, women's struggles with literacy, and the need to be conscious of emotional health…

  12. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Low-Income, Predominantly African American Women with PTSD and a History of Intimate Partner Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dutton, Mary Ann; Bermudez, Diana; Matas, Armely; Majid, Haseeb; Myers, Neely L.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we consider the use of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR; Kabat-Zinn, 1991) as a community-based intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among low-income, predominantly African American women with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV). The results of a pilot randomized clinical trial (RCT) of MBSR as an…

  13. Frederick Douglass and I: Writing to Read and Relate History with Life among African American Adolescents at a High-Poverty Urban School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morphy, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Black history as represented in social studies textbooks often lacks depth demanded by historians and authenticity required for cultural relevance to African American students. However, important Black historical narratives sometimes contain difficult prose and refer to times or circumstances that are far removed from students' life…

  14. Infinity of Nations: Art and History in the Collections of the National Museum of the American Indian

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Based in New York, the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) "houses one of the world's great cultural resources, with collections representing the Native peoples of the Americas from their earliest history to the present day." Housed in the museum's George Gustav Heye Center, the Infinity of Nations exhibit presents several hundred works from the NMAI that are culturally, historically, and aesthetically important. The objects include a Din�© (Navajo) first phase chief blanket and a pottery plate, complete with candleholders from the mission church at the ancestral A:shiwi (Zuni) village of Hawikku. On the exhibit's website, visitors can explore some of these items via a series of geographical headings on the right-hand side of the homepage. Each of these headings includes a brief profile of each broad group of Native American peoples (such as those in the Southwest), along with a grid of 27 images. Visitors can click on each image to learn more about the item, and taken as a whole, each heading offers a tantalizing bit of information on these different societies.

  15. "You don't have to keep everything on paper": African American women's use of family health history tools.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Tess; Seo, Joann; Griffith, Julia; Baxter, Melanie; James, Aimee; Kaphingst, Kimberly A

    2013-04-01

    Little is known about African American women's collection of family health history (FHH) information and use of FHH tools. Most FHH research has investigated tools that use a biomedical paradigm, but other kinds of tools, such as those that include information about family social context, have been developed for use in diverse populations. Using mixed methods, we interviewed 32 African American women about behavioral steps to collecting FHH, family communication about health, and reactions to a biomedical FHH tool. Participants chose one of two FHH tools to take home. A follow-up call three weeks later assessed tool use. Many participants expressed support for writing down FHH information, but at baseline few had done so; most participants who had collected FHH information had done so verbally. Participants reacted positively to the biomedical FHH tool used during the interview, with many saying it allowed them to see patterns in their FHH. At follow-up, 67 % reported using their FHH tool, primarily to promote discussion among family members; only 32 % used the tool to write down FHH information. Although participants thought collecting FHH information was important and had positive reactions to both tools, the majority did not use the tools to write down information and instead collected FHH informally. These findings underline the importance of separating the components of FHH collection behaviors to analyze the steps used in FHH creation. Practitioners should consider additional methods of encouraging patients to create written FHHs in order to share the information with health care providers. PMID:23397492

  16. History Net

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Weider History Group publishes a wide range of military history magazines, including "America's Civil War" and "Civil War Times". They've also been generous enough to create this website, which offers a wide range of articles from their different publications. First-time visitors to the homepage may want to start out by taking a shot at the "Daily Quiz", which offers up a range of questions on everything from steamship battles to military operations in the South Pacific. Next, visitors may wish to click on over to the "Features" area, which includes articles culled from the magazines on Marine POWs, the Battle of New Orleans, as well as noted gunfighter Ben Thompson and his brother Billy. Moving on, visitors can also take part in the online forums where they can ask questions about battle tactics, the history of ground warfare, and the USS Ironsides.

  17. American Cultural History History 390

    E-print Network

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    as electronic, microfilm, and printed collections of these documents published at a later date. 1. Use QCAT The Library catalogue is a good place to start your search for primary source materials. Search QCAT to find by Subject or Keyword You can locate items in the library by searching QCAT by doing a keyword Boolean search

  18. Ancient proteins resolve the evolutionary history of Darwin's South American ungulates.

    PubMed

    Welker, Frido; Collins, Matthew J; Thomas, Jessica A; Wadsley, Marc; Brace, Selina; Cappellini, Enrico; Turvey, Samuel T; Reguero, Marcelo; Gelfo, Javier N; Kramarz, Alejandro; Burger, Joachim; Thomas-Oates, Jane; Ashford, David A; Ashton, Peter D; Rowsell, Keri; Porter, Duncan M; Kessler, Benedikt; Fischer, Roman; Baessmann, Carsten; Kaspar, Stephanie; Olsen, Jesper V; Kiley, Patrick; Elliott, James A; Kelstrup, Christian D; Mullin, Victoria; Hofreiter, Michael; Willerslev, Eske; Hublin, Jean-Jacques; Orlando, Ludovic; Barnes, Ian; MacPhee, Ross D E

    2015-06-01

    No large group of recently extinct placental mammals remains as evolutionarily cryptic as the approximately 280 genera grouped as 'South American native ungulates'. To Charles Darwin, who first collected their remains, they included perhaps the 'strangest animal[s] ever discovered'. Today, much like 180 years ago, it is no clearer whether they had one origin or several, arose before or after the Cretaceous/Palaeogene transition 66.2 million years ago, or are more likely to belong with the elephants and sirenians of superorder Afrotheria than with the euungulates (cattle, horses, and allies) of superorder Laurasiatheria. Morphology-based analyses have proved unconvincing because convergences are pervasive among unrelated ungulate-like placentals. Approaches using ancient DNA have also been unsuccessful, probably because of rapid DNA degradation in semitropical and temperate deposits. Here we apply proteomic analysis to screen bone samples of the Late Quaternary South American native ungulate taxa Toxodon (Notoungulata) and Macrauchenia (Litopterna) for phylogenetically informative protein sequences. For each ungulate, we obtain approximately 90% direct sequence coverage of type I collagen ?1- and ?2-chains, representing approximately 900 of 1,140 amino-acid residues for each subunit. A phylogeny is estimated from an alignment of these fossil sequences with collagen (I) gene transcripts from available mammalian genomes or mass spectrometrically derived sequence data obtained for this study. The resulting consensus tree agrees well with recent higher-level mammalian phylogenies. Toxodon and Macrauchenia form a monophyletic group whose sister taxon is not Afrotheria or any of its constituent clades as recently claimed, but instead crown Perissodactyla (horses, tapirs, and rhinoceroses). These results are consistent with the origin of at least some South American native ungulates from 'condylarths', a paraphyletic assembly of archaic placentals. With ongoing improvements in instrumentation and analytical procedures, proteomics may produce a revolution in systematics such as that achieved by genomics, but with the possibility of reaching much further back in time. PMID:25799987

  19. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic) - American oyster

    SciTech Connect

    Sellers, M.A.; Stanley, J.G.

    1984-07-01

    The American oyster, Crassostrea virginica, is an important commercial and mariculture species. Spawning occurs repeatedly during warmer months with millions of eggs released. Embryos and larvae are carried by currents throughout the estuaries and oceanic bays where they occur. The few surviving larvae cement themselves to a solid object, where they remain for the remainder of life. Unable to move, they must tolerate changes in the environment that range from -1.7/sup 0/ to 49/sup 0/C, 5 to 30 ppt salinity, and clear or muddy water. 88 references, 2 figures, 1 table.

  20. WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE, POLITICAL RESPONSIVENESS, AND CHILD SURVIVAL IN AMERICAN HISTORY*

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Grant

    2010-01-01

    Women’s choices appear to emphasize child welfare more than those of men. This paper presents new evidence on how suffrage rights for American women helped children to benefit from the scientific breakthroughs of the bacteriological revolution. Consistent with standard models of electoral competition, suffrage laws were followed by immediate shifts in legislative behavior and large, sudden increases in local public health spending. This growth in public health spending fueled large-scale door-to-door hygiene campaigns, and child mortality declined by 8-15% (or 20,000 annual child deaths nationwide) as cause-specific reductions occurred exclusively among infectious childhood killers sensitive to hygienic conditions. PMID:21373369

  1. The History of South American Tropical Precipitation for the Past 25,000 Years

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul A. Baker; Geoffrey O. Seltzer; Sherilyn C. Fritz; Robert B. Dunbar; Matthew J. Grove; Pedro M. Tapia; Scott L. Cross; Harold D. Rowe; James P. Broda

    2001-01-01

    Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last

  2. Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota

    E-print Network

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota Learning Circle Lesson - Leader Operation Military Kids Team 2006 The University of Minnesota is committed to the policy that all persons, or sexual orientation. #12;2 Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota Learning

  3. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic). American eel

    SciTech Connect

    Van Den Avyle, M.J.

    1984-07-01

    The American eel, Anguilla rostrata, is an ecologically and economically important catadromous species that occupies freshwater streams, rivers, brackish estuaries, and the open ocean during various phases of its life cycle. Adult eels apparently spawn in the Sargasso Sea, and ocean currents transport the developing larvae northward until the young metamorphose into juveniles capable of swimming shoreward and moving upstream into coastal areas, estuaries, and rivers. Developing eels commonly remain in freshwater or brackish area for 10 to 12 years before migrating to spawn. American eels tend to be bottom-dwellers and feed on a variety of fauna that occupy the same habitats. Eels occupy areas having wide ranges of temperature, salinity, and other environmental factors, suggesting broad tolerance limits, but few studies of requirements have been reported. Salinity patterns and water currents created by river discharges into coastal areas apparently provide the gradient that cues shoreward migration of juvenile eels. Alteration of patterns of freshwater inflows to estuaries and bays could affect upstream migrations. 73 references, 3 figures, 1 table.

  4. Early history of electroencephalography and establishment of the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society.

    PubMed

    Stone, James L; Hughes, John R

    2013-02-01

    The field of electroencephalography (EEG) had its origin with the discovery of recordable electrical potentials from activated nerves and muscles of animals and in the last quarter of the 19th century from the cerebral cortex of animals. By the 1920s, Hans Berger, a neuropsychiatrist from Germany, recorded potentials from the scalp of patients with skull defects and, a few years later, with more sensitive equipment from intact subjects. Concurrently, the introduction of electronic vacuum tube amplification and the cathode ray oscilloscope was made by American physiologists or "axonologists," interested in peripheral nerve recordings. Berger's findings were independently confirmed in early 1934 by Lord Adrian in England and by Hallowell Davis at Harvard, in the United States. In the United States, the earliest contributions to human EEG were made by Hallowell Davis, Herbert H. Jasper, Frederic A. Gibbs, William Lennox, and Alfred L. Loomis. Remarkable progress in the development of EEG as a useful clinical tool followed the 1935 report by the Harvard group on the electrographic and clinical correlations in patients with absence (petit mal) seizures and altered states of consciousness. Technical aspects of the EEG and additional clinical EEG correlations were elucidated by the above investigators and a number of others. Further study led to gatherings of the EEG pioneers at Loomis' laboratory in New York (1935-1939), Regional EEG society formation, and the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society in 1946. PMID:23377440

  5. Military Law Review

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Library of Congress' Research Center of Military Legal Resources contains, among other publications, the Military Law Review. The Military Law Review has been published quarterly since 1958, and is meant to be used by military attorneys in their work and "'provides a forum for those interested in military law to share the products of their experience and research.'" Visitors should also note that most of the issues from 1958 to 2008 are available for general perusal. Each issue of the journal contains both articles and book reviews. An article in the Winter 2008 issue, entitled "Crossing the Line: Reconciling the Right to Picket Military Funerals With the First Amendment", is a very accessible article about the constitutionality of state and federal funeral picketing laws. Visitors interested in learning about the school that provides military legal education, and where the Military Law Review is published, should click on the link "The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School (JAGS), U.S. Army, Charlottesville, Virginia", in the first paragraph on the homepage

  6. Early Childhood Military Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelo, Ann

    2011-01-01

    Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

  7. Corruption and military spending

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanjeev Gupta; Luiz de Mello; Raju Sharan

    2001-01-01

    Anecdotal evidence relates corruption with high levels of military spending. This paper tests empirically whether such a relationship exists. The empirical analysis is based on data from four different sources for up to 120 countries during 1985–1998. The association between military spending and corruption is investigated by using cross-section and panel regression techniques. The results suggest that corruption is associated

  8. American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1940

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    How do you tell the life of a country through its people? It is a difficult task, to be sure, and in the 1930s and 1940s the Federal Writers' Project sent hundreds of interviewers out across the country to talk to people about their lives and experiences. These interviews touch on the Great Depression, slavery, political views, the role of the federal government, local folklore, and a myriad of other topics. First-time visitors to this Library of Congress website should read over the "Voices from the Thirties: An Introduction to the WPA Life Histories Collection" section. Visitors can search the interviews by keyword or state, and visitors may wish to start by reading the interview of Louis Larsen, a farmer, social activist and singer in Nebraska, who the interviewer noted "feels the masses are victims of a planned exploitation by a vicious class of legal bandits."

  9. The history and politics of US health care policy for American Indians and Alaskan Natives.

    PubMed Central

    Kunitz, S J

    1996-01-01

    This paper traces the development of the US federal government's program to provide personal and public health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives since the 1940s. Minimal services had been provided since the mid 19th century through the Bureau of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior. As a result of attempts by western congressmen to weaken and destroy the bureau during the 1940s, responsibility for health services was placed with the US Public Health Service. The transfer thus created the only US national health program for civilians, providing virtually the full range of personal and public health services to a defined population at relatively low cost. Policy changes since the 1970s have led to an emphasis on self-determination that did not exist during the 1950s and 1960s. Programs administered by tribal governments tend to be more expensive than those provided by the Indian Health Service, but appropriations have not risen to meet the rising costs, nor are the appropriated funds distributed equitably among Indian Health Service regions. The result is likely to be an unequal deterioration in accessibility and quality of care. Images p1465-a p1469-a p1470-a p1471-a PMID:8876522

  10. PBS History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PBS has a "neighborhood" for history, to go along with its other subject and news based areas. PBS History is basically PBS web content related to broadcast series like Frontline, The American Experience, NOVA, and POV. There are also sections devoted to independent series such as The West, (discussed in the September 20, 1996 Scout Report), Thomas Jefferson, and The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century, among others. PBS History is divided into geographical, biographical, and teaching aids sections. It has a section on the Presidents series, and sections on Ken Burns' Lewis and Clark documentary and an American Revolution documentary.

  11. Superior orders: when and how to dissent in the military 

    E-print Network

    Hildahl, Jessica Lynn

    1995-01-01

    occurred in the context of the American Civil War. Francis Lieber, a German military emigre who served in the Napoleonic wars and later became a professor of law and 7. Telford Taylor, Nuremberg and Vietnam: An American Tragedy (New York: New York Times.... The purpose of his letter was to underscore the importance of integrity in reporting. The statement was issued in response to the widely publicized Lavelle affair, in which General John Lavelle allegedly ordered American pilots in Vietnam to violate...

  12. Haitian Americans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Catanese, Anthony V.

    1998-01-01

    Uses 1990 U.S. Census data to show the changing demographic profile of Haitian Americans. Haitian Americans are likely to live along the Atlantic seaboard and to have relatively low, although not the lowest, incomes. However, the demographic mosaic of Haitian Americans is diverse, showing the effects of Haitian national and ethnic history. (SLD)

  13. The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25,000 years.

    PubMed

    Baker, P A; Seltzer, G O; Fritz, S C; Dunbar, R B; Grove, M J; Tapia, P M; Cross, S L; Rowe, H D; Broda, J P

    2001-01-26

    Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last glacial maximum (LGM), the Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru and much of the Amazon basin were wetter than today. The LGM in this part of the Andes is dated at 21,000 cal yr B.P., approximately coincident with the global LGM. Maximum aridity and lowest lake level occurred in the early and middle Holocene (8000 to 5500 cal yr B.P.) during a time of low summer insolation. Today, rising levels of Lake Titicaca and wet conditions in Amazonia are correlated with anomalously cold sea-surface temperatures in the northern equatorial Atlantic. Likewise, during the deglacial and Holocene periods, there were several millennial-scale wet phases on the Altiplano and in Amazonia that coincided with anomalously cold periods in the equatorial and high-latitude North Atlantic, such as the Younger Dryas. PMID:11158674

  14. Smoking History in Middle Age and Subsequent Cognitive Performance in Elderly Japanese-American Men The Honolulu-Asia Aging Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel J. Galanis; Helen Petrovitch; Lenore J. Launer; Tamara B. Harris; Daniel J. Foley; Lon R. White

    The associations between cigarette smoking history and later cognitive performance were examined among 3,429 Japanese-American participants of the Honolulu Heart Program (HHP) and its extension, the Honolulu- Asia Aging Study (HAAS). Cognitive performance was measured by the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instru- ment (CASI), administered as part of HAAS (mean age at HAAS exam (standard deviation (SD)): 77.7 (4.6) years). Information

  15. Asian American and Pacific Islander Military Veterans in the United States: Health Service Use and Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services

    PubMed Central

    Whealin, Julia M.; Pietrzak, Robert H.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. We (1) compared use of various health services nationally between Asian American and Pacific Islander (AA/PI) veterans and veterans of other racial/ethnic groups and (2) specifically compared perceived barriers and stigma related to mental health services. Methods. Using bivariate and multivariable statistics, we analyzed a population-weighted sample of 8315 veterans from the 2010 National Survey of Veterans and a random sample of 567 recent veterans from Hawaii. Results. A total of 1.5% of veterans were AA/PI compared with 0.4% a decade ago. Compared with other veterans, AA/PI veterans reported higher socioeconomic status and better mental health, although these findings may be specific to AA veterans. Adjusting for sociodemographic and health differences, we found no differences in health service use or perceived barriers or stigma related to mental health services. Conclusions. AA/PIs are a small but fast-growing racial/ethnic group within the veteran population that deserves attention. Although veteran status may be protective against some barriers to mental health care found in the general AA/PI population, efforts to reduce barriers to health care among veterans should be continued. PMID:25100419

  16. Physician Assistant History Society

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Like so many others, perhaps some of our Scout Report readers have wondered: "Where can I find out more about the history of physician assistants?" Those persons need wonder no longer, as this very thorough website provides a cornucopia of material that addresses all aspects of that very query. The site was created by a group of responsible organizations, including Duke University Medical Center and the American Academy of Physicians Assistants. The site's "Timeline" section is a good place to start as it offers a chronology of the different phases of the history of this profession, which dates back to 1650 when German military medical assistants were introduced into Russian armies by no less a personage than Peter the Great. Other sections include biographical essays of pioneering physician assistants such as Richard Smith and Marvin L. Gliedman. The site is rounded out by a collection of photographs of important artifacts (such as a stethoscope used by Dr. Eugene Stead, Jr., who founded the profession) and a bibliography.

  17. Military Expenditure % of GDP

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bar chart ranking countries by military expenditures as a percentage of GDP. Shows the militarization of the Middle East and Africa. The chart, perhaps obviously, is dominated by small countries with small GDPs.

  18. WAR & Military Mental Health

    PubMed Central

    Pols, Hans; Oak, Stephanie

    2007-01-01

    Involvement in warfare can have dramatic consequences for the mental health and well-being of military personnel. During the 20th century, US military psychiatrists tried to deal with these consequences while contributing to the military goal of preserving manpower and reducing the debilitating impact of psychiatric syndromes by implementing screening programs to detect factors that predispose individuals to mental disorders, providing early intervention strategies for acute war-related syndromes, and treating long-term psychiatric disability after deployment. The success of screening has proven disappointing, the effects of treatment near the front lines are unclear, and the results of treatment for chronic postwar syndromes are mixed. After the Persian Gulf War, a number of military physicians made innovative proposals for a population-based approach, anchored in primary care instead of specialty-based care. This approach appears to hold the most promise for the future. PMID:17971561

  19. Veterans and Military Health

    MedlinePLUS

    Military service members and veterans face some different health issues than civilians. During combat, the main health concerns are life-threatening injuries. These include Shrapnel and gunshot wounds Lost ...

  20. Mental Health: Military

    MedlinePLUS

    Home > Mental Health > People > Military Let's Talk Facts Brochures Understanding Mental Disorders: Your Guide to DSM-5 Healthy Minds, Healthy ... Parity Healthy Minds TV What is a psychiatrist Mental Health Check-up Coping with Disasters Links for more ...

  1. Radiometry in military applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chrzanowski, Krzysztof

    2001-08-01

    Missiles guided using optoelectronic methods, optoelectronic imaging systems (thermal imaging systems, night vision devices, LLLTV cameras, TV cameras), and optoelectronic countermeasures (smoke screens, camouflage paints and nets, IR flares, decoys, jamming systems, warning systems) are one of the most important components of modern military armament. There are numerous military standards, some of them secret, that precise radiometric parameters to be measured and the testing methods to be used. There is also much literature on the subject of testing of the systems mentioned above, although mostly on subject of testing of the thermal imaging systems. In spite of this apparently numerous literature, there still significant confusion in this area due to secrecy of some parameters and testing methods, differences in recommendations of different military standards, fast progress in military optoelectronics, and also due to enormous number of different types of optoelectronics systems used in the military armament. A review of testing methods of the three basic groups of optoelectronics systems used in modern military armament: the missiles guided using optoelectronics methods, the optoelectronic imaging systems, and the optoelectronic countermeasures is presented in this paper. Trends in the measuring sets.

  2. Radiation exposure of U.S. military individuals.

    PubMed

    Blake, Paul K; Komp, Gregory R

    2014-02-01

    The U.S. military consists of five armed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. It directly employs 1.4 million active duty military, 1.3 million National Guard and reserve military, and 700,000 civilian individuals. This paper describes the military guidance used to preserve and maintain the health of military personnel while they accomplish necessary and purposeful work in areas where they are exposed to radiation. It also discusses military exposure cohorts and associated radiogenic disease compensation programs administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Department of Labor. With a few exceptions, the U.S. military has effectively employed ionizing radiation since it was first introduced during the Spanish-American War in 1898. The U.S military annually monitors 70,000 individuals for occupational radiation exposure: ~2% of its workforce. In recent years, the Departments of the Navy (including the Marine Corps), the Army, and the Air Force all have a low collective dose that remains close to 1 person-Sv annually. Only a few Coast Guard individuals are now routinely monitored for radiation exposure. As with the nuclear industry as a whole, the Naval Reactors program has a higher collective dose than the remainder of the U.S. military. The U.S. military maintains occupational radiation exposure records on over two million individuals from 1945 through the present. These records are controlled in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974 but are available to affected individuals or their designees and other groups performing sanctioned epidemiology studies.Introduction of Radiation Exposure of U.S. Military Individuals (Video 2:19, http://links.lww.com/HP/A30). PMID:24378502

  3. The West and Ignore the Rest: Conceptualizations of World History in American High School Textbooks, 1875-1934.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kang, Sunjoo

    World history textbooks currently used in U.S. high schools adopt Western civilization as the integrating element of world history. The high school world history approach with Western civilization as the essence was a product of the late 19th century and early 20th century. The historical consciousness of this period continues to influence…

  4. When Lions Write History: Black History Textbooks, African-American Educators, & the Alternative Black Curriculum in Social Studies Education, 1890-1940

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, LaGarrett J.

    2014-01-01

    The African proverb, "Until the lions have their historians, tales of the hunt shall always glorify the hunter," is used to metaphorically describe how dominant groups inscribe power through historical narrative. In this article the author discusses how African-American educators between the years of 1890-1940 conceptualized citizenship…

  5. American Women: A Gateway to Library of Congress Resources for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In 2001 the Library of Congress created the print publication, "American Women: A Library of Congress Guide for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States." The guide was recently redesigned for online use with the addition of illustrations and links to existing digitized material in order to provide a small sample of the Library's vast holdings in this area. As such, the site is not a collection of digital items, but rather an introduction (and a very thorough one) to those researchers working in the area of American women's history. Along with the guide, the home page provides information that will help researchers planning to do on-site research at the Library of Congress, tips on searching for women's history resources in the catalogs, and information about Web broadcasts from events sponsored by the Library that are available through different Web sites. Some of the more recent broadcasts that are available include Amy Shapiro's discussion of her biography of the New Jersey Congresswoman, Millicent Fenwick, and a talk with Ann Hoog (a folk life specialist at the Library of Congress) about the "man-on-the-street" interviews conducted after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

  6. Aerospace and military

    SciTech Connect

    Adam, J.A.; Esch, K

    1990-01-01

    This article reviews military and aerospace developments of 1989. The Voyager spacecraft returned astounding imagery from Neptune, sophisticated sensors were launched to explore Venus and Jupiter, and another craft went into earth orbit to explore cosmic rays, while a huge telescope is to be launched early in 1990. The U.S. space shuttle redesign was completed and access to space has become no longer purely a governmental enterprise. In the military realm, events within the Soviet bloc, such as the Berlin Wall's destruction, have popularized arms control. Several big treaties could be signed within the year. Massive troop, equipment, and budget reductions are being considered, along with a halt or delay of major new weapons systems. For new missions, the U.S. military is retreating to its role of a century ago - patrolling the nation's borders, this time against narcotics traffickers.

  7. African American Mothers' Socialization Beliefs and Goals with Young Children: Themes of History, Education, and Collective Independence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suizzo, Marie-Anne; Robinson, Courtney; Pahlke, Erin

    2008-01-01

    Although research on African American family socialization is increasing, little is known about the beliefs, goals, and strategies of middle-class parents of young children. This study's aim was to address this research gap by examining three key aspects of parental socialization. First, the authors investigated whether and how African American

  8. Imperial Standard-Bearers: Nineteenth-Century Army Officers' Wives in British India and the American West 

    E-print Network

    McInnis, Verity

    2012-07-16

    (London, 2002), 132, 134, 144. 4 demonstrated the development of more nuanced codes of female behavior. They recounted carrying and using pistols, commanding garrisons, and enjoying unaccompanied lunch dates with lightly clad American Indian chiefs.... Smith, ?West Point and the Indian Wars 1802-1891,? Military History of the West 24 (Spring 1994): 25, 28, 32-4, 43, 45, 55; Marcus Cunliffe, Soldiers and Civilians: The Martial Spirit in America, 1775-1865 (New York, 1968), 169. Fred Anderson...

  9. Uplifting Manhood to Wonderful Heights? News Coverage of the Human Costs of Military Conflict from

    E-print Network

    Bashir, Rashid

    Uplifting Manhood to Wonderful Heights? News Coverage of the Human Costs of Military Conflict from of American military power around the world. Although the dynamics of war support are thought to reflect of censorship, the frequency of casualty reporting and the framing of casualty reports has remained fairly

  10. A review of the South American Monsoon history as recorded in stable isotopic proxies over the past two millennia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vuille, M.; Burns, S. J.; Taylor, B. L.; Cruz, F. W.; Bird, B. W.; Abbott, M. B.; Kanner, L. C.; Cheng, H.; Novello, V. F.

    2012-02-01

    We review the history of the South American summer monsoon (SASM) over the past ~2000 yr based on high-resolution stable isotope proxies from speleothems, ice cores and lake sediments. Our review is complemented by an analysis of an isotope-enabled atmospheric General Circulation Model (GCM) for the past 130 yr. Proxy records from the monsoon belt in the tropical Andes and SE Brazil show a very coherent behavior over the past 2 millennia with significant decadal to multidecadal variability superimposed on large excursions during three key periods, the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA), the Little Ice Age (LIA) and the Current Warm Period (CWP). We interpret these three periods as times when the SASM's mean state was significantly weakened (MCA and CWP) and strengthened (LIA), respectively. During the LIA each of the proxy archives considered contains the most negative ?18O values recorded during the entire record length. On the other hand the monsoon strength is currently rather weak in a 2000-yr historical perspective, rivaled only by the low intensity during the MCA. Our climatic interpretation of these archives is consistent with our isotope-based GCM analysis, which suggests that these sites are sensitive recorders of large-scale monsoon variations. We hypothesize that these centennial-scale climate anomalies were at least partially driven by temperature changes in the Northern Hemisphere and in particular over the North Atlantic, leading to a latitudinal displacement of the ITCZ and a change in monsoon intensity over the tropical continent. This interpretation is supported by several independent proxy archives and modeling studies. Although ENSO is the main forcing for ?18O variability over tropical South America on interannual time scales, our results suggest that its influence may be significantly modulated by North Atlantic climate variability on longer time scales. Finally our analyses indicate that isotopic proxies, because of their ability to integrate climatic information on large spatial scales, could complement more traditional proxies such as tree rings or historical archives. Future climate reconstruction efforts could potentially benefit from including isotopic proxies as large-scale predictors in order to better constrain past changes in the atmospheric circulation.

  11. A review of the South American monsoon history as recorded in stable isotopic proxies over the past two millennia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vuille, M.; Burns, S. J.; Taylor, B. L.; Cruz, F. W.; Bird, B. W.; Abbott, M. B.; Kanner, L. C.; Cheng, H.; Novello, V. F.

    2012-08-01

    We review the history of the South American summer monsoon (SASM) over the past ~2000 yr based on high-resolution stable isotope proxies from speleothems, ice cores and lake sediments. Our review is complemented by an analysis of an isotope-enabled atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) for the past 130 yr. Proxy records from the monsoon belt in the tropical Andes and SE Brazil show a very coherent behavior over the past 2 millennia with significant decadal to multidecadal variability superimposed on large excursions during three key periods: the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA), the Little Ice Age (LIA) and the current warm period (CWP). We interpret these three periods as times when the SASM's mean state was significantly weakened (MCA and CWP) and strengthened (LIA), respectively. During the LIA each of the proxy archives considered contains the most negative ?18O values recorded during the entire record length. On the other hand, the monsoon strength is currently rather weak in a 2000-yr historical perspective, rivaled only by the low intensity during the MCA. Our climatic interpretation of these archives is consistent with our isotope-based GCM analysis, which suggests that these sites are sensitive recorders of large-scale monsoon variations. We hypothesize that these centennial-scale climate anomalies were at least partially driven by temperature changes in the Northern Hemisphere and in particular over the North Atlantic, leading to a latitudinal displacement of the ITCZ and a change in monsoon intensity (amount of rainfall upstream over the Amazon Basin). This interpretation is supported by several independent records from different proxy archives and modeling studies. Although ENSO is the main forcing for ?18O variability over tropical South America on interannual time scales, our results suggest that its influence may be significantly modulated by North Atlantic climate variability on longer time scales. Finally, our analyses indicate that isotopic proxies, because of their ability to integrate climatic information on large spatial scales, could complement more traditional proxies such as tree rings or documentary evidence. Future climate reconstruction efforts could potentially benefit from including isotopic proxies as large-scale predictors in order to better constrain past changes in the atmospheric circulation.

  12. PUTIN AND MILITARY REFORM

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DALE R. HERSPRING

    V ladimir Putin was faced with a military that was in a mess when he took over. Morale was at rock bottom, junior officers were leaving in droves, equipment and weapons were failing, soldiers were deserting, the draft was a joke, crime was on the rise, planes were crashing, and most important, Chechnya remained a major distraction. Putting the Russian

  13. Failures in military aircraft

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graham Clark

    2005-01-01

    The severe operating conditions for components in military aircraft lead to a wide range of failure modes and introduce many factors which can influence those failures. As a result, the accident investigator or failure analyst may need to explore issues more widely than might be the case with systems operating in more benign or controlled environments. Complicating factors are the

  14. Women in the Military: Research and Policy Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segal, Mady Wechsler

    1978-01-01

    Currently, the most debated issue regarding the role of military women is whether they should be allowed to serve in combat. The role of warrior violates traditional feminine stereotypes. However, denying women the right to volunteer for combat may also deny them the right to full American citizenship. (Author/WI)

  15. Promoting Effective Physical Education for Migrant and Military Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Culp, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Th e rise in residential mobility among families has created a pervasive issue in American schools that impacts the academic, social, and physical achievements of youth. This article aims to outline the profiles of two unique populations--migrant and military youth--impacted by residential mobility and provide recommendations for how their needs…

  16. Technical Education in the Military

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitehead, Charles O.

    1974-01-01

    Cooperation between military and civilian technical training institutions has included evaluation and accreditation of five military training schools by a civilian evaluation team, which was impressed by the level, completeness and quality of the instruction. Additional cooperation and improved communications between military and civilian training…

  17. Comics and Conflict: War and Patriotically Themed Comics in American Cultural History From World War Ii Through the Iraq War

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cord A. Scott

    2011-01-01

    Illustration has been an integral part of human history. Particularly before the advent of media such as photography, film, television, and now the Internet, illustrations in all their variety have been the primary visual way to convey history. The comic book, which emerged in its modern form in the 1930s, was another form of visual entertainment that gave readers, especially

  18. A Sexual Risk and Stress Reduction Intervention Designed for HIV-Positive Bisexual African American Men With Childhood Sexual Abuse Histories

    PubMed Central

    Glover, Dorie A.; Wyatt, Gail E.; Kisler, Kimberly; Liu, Honghu; Zhang, Muyu

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. HIV transmission risk is high among men who have sex with men and women (MSMW), and it is further heightened by a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and current traumatic stress or depression. Yet, traumatic stress is rarely addressed in HIV interventions. We tested a stress-focused sexual risk reduction intervention for African American MSMW with CSA histories. Methods. This randomized controlled trial compared a stress-focused sexual risk reduction intervention with a general health promotion intervention. Sexual risk behaviors, psychological symptoms, stress biomarkers (urinary cortisol and catecholamines), and neopterin (an indicator of HIV progression) were assessed at baseline and at 3- and 6-month follow-ups. Results. Both interventions decreased and sustained reductions in sexual risk and psychological symptoms. The stress-focused intervention was more efficacious than the general health promotion intervention in decreasing unprotected anal insertive sex and reducing depression symptoms. Despite randomization, baseline group differences in CSA severity, psychological symptoms, and biomarkers were found and linked to subsequent intervention outcomes. Conclusions. Although interventions designed specifically for HIV-positive African American MSMW can lead to improvements in health outcomes, future research is needed to examine factors that influence intervention effects. PMID:23763412

  19. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer August ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer August 1937 DETAIL OF WEST FACADE - Ballantyne Robinson House, Military Plaza (141 South Fifth Avenue), Tucson, Pima County, AZ

  20. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January 1938 DETAIL OF SOUTH ELEVATION - Ballantyne Robinson House, Military Plaza (141 South Fifth Avenue), Tucson, Pima County, AZ

  1. Renewable energy technology handbook for military engineers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1982-03-01

    Renewable energy applications are introduced that are considered promising for military use in the 1980s. These are: solar hot water for buildings, active solar hot water and space heating for buildings, passive solar heating and cooling of buildings, solar industrial process heata, solar ponds, photovoltaic power for homes, photovoltaic power for remote applications, parabolic dish solar systems for remote applications, wind energy for buildings, wind energy for central power plants, wind energy for water pumping, biomass energy systems for buildings, biomass energy systems for central power plants, geothermal energy for process heat, and geothermal energy for central power plants. For each of these is given: a brief history of the technology and information on how the technology works; a detailed technical and economic profile of an operating system; and a summary listing of operating civilian and military systems that are open for public viewing.

  2. Kentucky Military Treasures

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Funded by the Kentucky Veterans Trust Fund and the Kentucky Historical Society Foundation, the Kentucky Military Treasures site profiles the stories and experiences of veterans from the 18th century all the way up to the current day. The stories bring together artifacts, primary documents, and photographs to help enrich these unique stories. First-time visitors should peruse the timeline to get a sense of the ways in which Kentuckians have contributed to military conflicts large and small across the globe. In the "Signature Stories" area, visitors can learn about Richard M. Johnson of Beargrass, Kentucky. He was known for his leadership at the Battle of the Thames in 1813, and his story his told through four artifacts, including a powder horn and a cannon from the period. The "Curator's Corner" features an introduction from director of the Kentucky Historical Society, Kent Whitworth, and other comments on flags and weapons from curators at the Society. [KMG

  3. Partnering with the Military

    E-print Network

    Wythe, Kathy

    2006-01-01

    sites on the fort?s primary tank maneuver training area. ?We needed to know that the compost applied on Fort Hood?s land is not causing nutrient problems in PARTNERING WITH THE MILITARY the water and demonstrate that nutrients in compost can... is impairing that watershed. tx H2O | pg. 2 Agriculture uses compost to restore Fort Hood?s training lands --------------------------------------------- Tanks within two armored divisions at Fort Hood have left some of the training land eroded, compacted...

  4. Military Fault Tolerant Requirements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timothy P. Monaghan

    The DoD is entering a radically new era of weapon systems procurement. The Cold War is over and new scenarios and new force\\u000a structures are changing the requirements of the next generation of weapon systems. The major drivers shaping this new era\\u000a of weapon system procurement are: decreasing military budgets, stretched out development cycles, an emphasis on prototypes\\u000a and demonstrations,

  5. Naval History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The world of naval history is quite vast, especially considering that it is linked to the earliest days of warfare and stretches back thousands of years. Designed by Gordon Smith, this particular site details the history of various national navies during the twentieth century, with a particular focus on the World Wars and other military actions. Not surprisingly, visitors to the site will want to take a look at the areas dedicated to the World Wars, as the coverage of the role of various navies is quite good here. In these sections, visitors can learn about the various ships used during each period and also look at the campaigns and battles by year and by month. There is also a rather touching section dedicated to Gordon Smith's father, George Smith, who was lost in the sinking of the HMS Charybdis off the Brittany coast on October 23rd, 1943.

  6. Development of New Repellents and Improved Permethrin-Treated Uniforms for the United States Military

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    History contains numerous examples of the impact of arthropod-borne illnesses on the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our US military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. Two components of the Department of Defense system for personal protect...

  7. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic): American shad. [Alosa sapidissima

    SciTech Connect

    Weiss-Glanz, L.S.; Stanley, J.G.; Moring, J.R.

    1986-07-01

    After a drastic decline in abundance, the American shad (Alosa sapidissima) is being restored in many of the rivers along the East Coast that originally supported large runs. The American shad is an anadromous fish that lives several years in the ocean and returns to its natal river to spawn in the spring when temperatures reach 12/sup 0/C. The eggs are carried by currents downstream from spawning sites in large rivers for 8 to 12 days until they hatch. The larvae, which metamorphose to the juvenile stage in 3 to 4 weeks, remain in the river until fall when they migrate to the sea. Shad move offshore and southward during winter at water temperatures of 3 to 15/sup 0/C. American shad feed on zooplankton. They adapt readily to fresh- or saltwater, but they prefer salinities exceeding 4 ppt.

  8. The Role of African-American Musicians in the Integration of the United States Navy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drane, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    The service of blacks in the U.S. military can be traced back to the Revolutionary War. However, up to the end of World War I, African Americans in military branches were relegated to cooking and cleaning duties. As the United States prepared to enter World War II, pressure to admit African Americans into full service in the military increased due…

  9. 2014 Black History Month Celebration || Oregon Health & Science University African American Employee Resource Group and Center for Diversity & Inclusion

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    of inclusion in America's history, inspired by the poetic justice of pivotal Harlem Renaissance writer, Langston Hughes. Hughes'work critically impacted America's political and social climate, and established

  10. “Everywhere the Soldier Will Be”: Wartime Tobacco Promotion in the US Military

    PubMed Central

    Malone, Ruth E.

    2009-01-01

    Deployment of young Americans in military engagements places them at increased risk for not only war hazards but also tobacco addiction and disease. Tobacco use diminishes troop health and readiness, and increases medical and training costs. Military tobacco control efforts began in 1986, yet tobacco use remains high. To determine whether and how the tobacco industry targets military personnel in wartime, we analyzed internal industry documents about the Gulf War (1990–1991) and constructed a historical case study. During this conflict, tobacco companies targeted troops with free cigarettes, direct advertising, branded items, ways to communicate with family, and “welcome home” events. Military authorities sometimes restricted this activity, but frequently enabled it; tobacco companies were regarded as benefactors. Considering tobacco use a benefit undermines military health priorities. Stronger policy is needed to reframe tobacco use as incompatible with military ideals. PMID:19608945

  11. American Dental Hygienists' Association

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Boston American Dental Hygienists’ Association Announces 2012-2013 Leadership The American Dental Hygienists' Association Responds to PBS ... ADHA About Promo (DO NOT DELETE) Mission / History Leadership & Governance Board of Trustees Officers & Bios Bylaws & Ethics ...

  12. Brian Hamilton History Department

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    1 Brian Hamilton History Department Fall 2012 William Cronon, advisor U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY Classics, Overviews, and Historiographic Essays Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Alfred. "The Past and Present of Environmental History," American Historical Review 100 (1995): 1177

  13. A History Worth Preserving

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cynthia Kelly

    2008-01-01

    The Manhattan Project transformed the course of American and world history, science, politics and society. If we can read about this in books and watch History Channel documentaries, why do we need to preserve some of the properties of this enormous undertaking? The presentation, ``A History Worth Preserving,'' will address why some of the physical properties need to be preserved

  14. History of Physics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moyer, Albert E.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses the history of American physics, indicating that much effort has been on the atomic bond and high-energy physics, to the detriment of other topics and areas. To offset this tendency, significant research is going on in the history of solid-state physics, with glimmerings in the history of physics education. (JN)

  15. vol. 180, no. 2 the american naturalist august 2012 The Imprint of Cenozoic Migrations and Evolutionary History

    E-print Network

    Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel

    of megamammals, which occurred during the late Pleistocene either as a result of climate change cycles or becausevol. 180, no. 2 the american naturalist august 2012 The Imprint of Cenozoic Migrations exchanges of mammals during the Late Cenozoic have contributed to current geographic body size patterns. We

  16. Images of American Indians in Environmental Education: Anthropological Reflections on the Politics and History of Cultural Representation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willow, Anna J.

    2010-01-01

    For hundreds of years, North America's colonizers worked systematically to eradicate the indigenous cultural practices, religious beliefs, and autonomous political systems many venerate. This article illustrates that imperialist nostalgia underlies and directs portrayals of American Indians in environmental education today. Whether unconsciously…

  17. A Preliminary Examination of Trauma History, Locus of Control, and PTSD Symptom Severity in African American Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hood, Sarah K.; Carter, Michele M.

    2008-01-01

    Prior research has established a relationship between external locus of control and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity among Caucasians. There is also evidence that African Americans tend to exhibit an elevated external locus of control. However, the relationship between external control and PTSD symptom severity has not been…

  18. The American atom: A documentary history of nuclear policies from the discovery of fission to the present

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. C. Williams; P. L. Cantelon

    1984-01-01

    In selecting these historical documents the authors have applied three general tests: first, does the document help tell the story of the development of American nuclear policy in a nontechnical way; second, is the source primary rather than secondary, written by an actor in the drama rather than by a member of the audience; third, does the document provide coverage

  19. 2008 Paleontology Summer Internships The Division of Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History is offering a

    E-print Network

    2008 Paleontology Summer Internships The Division of Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural in paleontology, life sciences, museum studies, or related fields (June 30 start). The interns will participate be found on the Division of Paleontology website via the following link: http

  20. Eisenhower versus the Spin-off Story: Did the Rise of the Military-Industrial Complex Hurt or Help America's Commercial Aircraft Industry?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    EUGENE GHOLZ

    In his Farewell Address, President Eisenhower warned that the military-industrial complex (MIC) threatened to dominate American research, crowding out commercial innovation. Ironically, a number of analysts point to spin-off benefits of the 1950s’ military effort as a crucial source of American high-tech competitiveness, often citing the key example of the relationship between military jet aircraft and the Boeing’s 707. But

  1. Development of rapidly deployable structures for military applications : a system based approach to command post facilities

    E-print Network

    Hopping, Jakob A

    2006-01-01

    Today's battlespace is the most dynamic in recorded history. Accompanying other military improvements, Command and Control (C2) technology has also been modernized. In spite of advances in technology, it currently takes ...

  2. Intrabook Readability: Variations within History Textbooks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, John M.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The article discusses a study to measure the readability of eight junior high school American history textbooks including "American History for Today" (Ginn and Company, 1977), "America! America" (Scott, Foresman, 1980), "Quest for Liberty: Investigating United States History" (Addison-Wesley, 1974), and "The American Adventure" (Allyn and Bacon,…

  3. Sexual assault in the military.

    PubMed

    Castro, Carl Andrew; Kintzle, Sara; Schuyler, Ashley C; Lucas, Carrie L; Warner, Christopher H

    2015-07-01

    Military sexual assault is a pervasive problem throughout the military services, despite numerous initiatives to end it. No doubt the military's lack of progress stems from the complexity of sexual assaults, yet in order to develop effective strategies and programs to end sexual assault, deep understanding and appreciation of these complexities are needed. In this paper, we describe the root causes and numerous myths surrounding sexual assault, the military cultural factors that may unintentionally contribute to sexual assault, and the uncomfortable issues surrounding sexual assault that are often ignored (such as the prevalence of male sexual assault within the military). We conclude by offering a broad, yet comprehensive set of recommendations that considers all of these factors for developing effective strategies and programs for ending sexual assault within in the military. PMID:25980511

  4. A study of military recruitment strategies for dentists: possible implications for academia.

    PubMed

    Hsu, Ronald H; Roberts, Michael W; Tulloch, J F Camilla; Trotman, Carroll-Ann

    2007-04-01

    Results of the annual American Dental Education Association surveys of dental school seniors show approximately 10 percent of graduates enter federal government services while less than 1 percent enter dental academia. To examine this difference, this study sought the perceptions of senior dental students and junior military dental officers regarding their choice of a military career in order to determine how military recruitment strategies influenced their career decisions. Official documents explaining military recruitment efforts were requested from the military services and summarized. In-depth telephone interviews were conducted to gather perception data from the students and dental officers on successful strategies. By employing several strategies, the military was able to inform potential recruits about the benefits of being a dentist in the military. The opportunity to have the military finance a student's dental education was a successful military recruitment tool. Other enticing factors included guaranteed employment upon graduation, prestige associated with serving in the military, access to postgraduate training, minimal practice management responsibilities, and opportunities to continue learning and improve clinical skills without significant financial implications. It was concluded that dental education can use the same strategies to highlight the benefits of an academic career and offer many similar incentives that may encourage students to consider a career path in dental education. PMID:17468311

  5. Sexual assault history and eating disorder symptoms among White, Hispanic, and African-American women and men.

    PubMed

    Laws, A; Golding, J M

    1996-04-01

    Data from two Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program sites (Los Angeles and North carolina) were analyzed to examine relations of sexual assault history to eating disorder symptoms. In regression analyses controlling for age, gender, ethnicity, income, socioeconomic status, and study site, persons with sexualy assault history (n = 514) were more likely than those not assaulted (n = 5511) to report thinking they were too fat (odds ratio [OR] = 1.6); losing > or = 15 lb (OR = 1.86); weight loss to 85% of normal (OR = 2.08); one or more anorexia symptoms (OR = 1.81); and sudden weight change (OR = 2.32). Ethnicity and income modified the relations. The data support an association of sexual assault history with eating disorder symptoms. PMID:8604796

  6. Sexual assault history and eating disorder symptoms among White, Hispanic, and African-American women and men.

    PubMed Central

    Laws, A; Golding, J M

    1996-01-01

    Data from two Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program sites (Los Angeles and North carolina) were analyzed to examine relations of sexual assault history to eating disorder symptoms. In regression analyses controlling for age, gender, ethnicity, income, socioeconomic status, and study site, persons with sexualy assault history (n = 514) were more likely than those not assaulted (n = 5511) to report thinking they were too fat (odds ratio [OR] = 1.6); losing > or = 15 lb (OR = 1.86); weight loss to 85% of normal (OR = 2.08); one or more anorexia symptoms (OR = 1.81); and sudden weight change (OR = 2.32). Ethnicity and income modified the relations. The data support an association of sexual assault history with eating disorder symptoms. PMID:8604796

  7. Burns and military clothing.

    PubMed

    McLean, A D

    2001-02-01

    Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under high heat loads in the laboratory, combat clothing can ignite, but there is little evidence that clothing ignition is a common occurrence in military burn casualties. Thermoplastic materials have many benefits in civil and military clothing. There is little objective evidence that they exacerbate burns, or complicate burn management. Their use in military clothing must be based on objective evidence, not hearsay. PMID:11307683

  8. Thermal history of the 1.1-Ga Nonesuch Formation, North American mid-continent rift, White Pine, Michigan

    SciTech Connect

    Price, K.L.; Huntoon, J.E.; McDowell, S.D. [Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States)

    1996-01-01

    The Nonesuch Formation, a black siltstone, was deposited in the Lake Superior portion of the mid-continent rift system during middle Proterozoic rifting. Despite its age of nearly 1.1 Ga, the Nonesuch Formation contains liquid petroleum and solid pyrobitumen. Numerical modeling techniques were used in this study to constrain the thermal history of the Nonesuch Formation at White Pine, Michigan. Thermal modeling addresses two issues: (1) the utility of illite-smectite expandability as a limiting parameter for describing the thermal history of ancient (Proterozoic) sedimentary rocks, and (2) the potential for hydrocarbon maturation within the Nonesuch Formation at White Pine. A range of potential burial histories for the Nonesuch Formation was constructed based on geological evidence. Time-temperature histories were calculated for each burial history model assuming one-dimensional, transient, conductive heat flow. Results of numerical time-temperature models were then evaluated on the basis of organic and inorganic thermal maturity indicators including Rock-Eval{reg_sign} pyrolysis data and biomarker indices (correlated to equivalent vitrinite reflectance values), in addition to illite-smectite expendability. Modeling results demonstrate that a combination of elevated basal heat flow and rapid burial during the Proterozoic is required to produce the observed thermal maturities at White Pine, Michigan. More specifically, modeling indicates that maximum temperatures for the Nonesuch Formation, 110 to 125{degrees}C, were reached at about 1075 Ma, coincident with a maximum burial depth of about 6 km, although 4 km represents a more plausible value. The results support a thermal history consistent with in-situ oil generation at White Pine; however, thermal modeling alone cannot rule out the possibility that oil was generated and expelled elsewhere and migrated into the area with fluids expelled during an episode of postrift compression.

  9. Trauma history in African-American women living with HIV: effects on psychiatric symptom severity and religious coping.

    PubMed

    Brownley, Julie R; Fallot, Roger D; Wolfson Berley, Rebecca; Himelhoch, Seth S

    2015-08-01

    Women living with HIV (WLHIV) have rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) up to 5 times higher than the general population. Individuals living with HIV and a concurrent diagnosis of PTSD have poorer HIV-related outcomes; however, the prevalence and impact of PTSD on African-American WLHIV seeking mental health treatment is unknown. The aim of this study is to examine the associations between PTSD symptoms with psychiatric symptom severity and psychological/religious coping strategies in African-American WLHIV who are seeking mental health treatment. This is a cross-sectional study of 235 African-American WLHIV attending an urban community mental health clinic. Bivariate analyses were conducted to evaluate associations between a PTSD symptoms scale (PSS ? 21 versus PSS < 21) and (1) psychiatric severity, (2) coping strategies, and (3) religious coping strategies. Thirty-six percent reported symptoms consistent with PTSD (PSS ? 21). These women were significantly more likely to have worse mental health symptoms and were more likely to employ negative psychological and religious coping strategies. On the contrary, women with a PSS < 21 reported relatively low levels of mental health symptoms and were more likely to rely on positive psychological and religious coping strategies. Over one-third of African-American WLHIV attending an outpatient mental health clinic had symptoms associated with PTSD. These symptoms were associated with worse mental health symptoms and utilization of dysfunctional religious and nonreligious coping strategies. Untreated PTSD in WLHIV predicts poorer HIV-related health outcomes and may negatively impact comorbid mental health outcomes. Screening for PTSD in WLHIV could identify a subset that would benefit from evidence-based PTSD-specific therapies in addition to mental health interventions already in place. PTSD-specific interventions for WLHIV with PTSD may improve outcomes, improve coping strategies, and allow for more effective treatment of comorbid mental health disorders. PMID:25742054

  10. 78 FR 5717 - Safety Zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-28

    ...1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS...waters of Suisun Bay near Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA in support of military...

  11. Evolution of Clinical Military Psychology Ethics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carrie H. Kennedy; Bret A. Moore

    2007-01-01

    Ethical quandaries for military psychologists are a challenge. Effective military mental health providers must have a thorough understanding of their ethics code, pertinent military instructions, military law, and the mental health laws of the countries in which they practice. This article traces the evolution of clinical military psychology ethics from World War II to present day and serves to introduce

  12. Operation: Military Kids Volunteer and Citizenship Opportunities

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    Operation: Military Kids Volunteer and Citizenship Opportunities Operation: Military Kids Program Overview The New Hampshire Operation: Military Kids (OMK) program partners with the military and community organizations across the state to raise awareness of the impact the deployment cycle has on military kids

  13. Military Education Benefits Information Military Education Benefits Office

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    Military Education Benefits Information Military Education Benefits Office Mellencamp Hall, Room veteran students who wish to receive educational benefits under a federal GI Bill program must complete a VA Benefits Request form and submit it to our office. It is to your advantage to register for your

  14. Recruits' Military Preferences and Their Accommodation by the Military Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoehn, Arthur J.; And Others

    The research report provides information on recruits' military occupational preferences, match of military assignments to recruits' preferences, and changes that occur in these preferences between service entry and completion of basic training. Questionnaires were administered to recruits from four services just before classification interviewing…

  15. From Presidential Protection to Campus Security: A Brief History of Threat Assessment in North American Schools and Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randazzo, Marisa R.; Cameron, J. Kevin

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a brief history of the development of behavioral threat assessment within colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, from the original Secret Service model used to evaluate threats against the U.S. president, to its adaptations for workplace settings and United States and Canadian secondary schools, to its…

  16. American Journal of Botany 85(6): 784793. 1998. LIFE HISTORY OF THE LONG-LIVED GYNODIOECIOUS

    E-print Network

    Doak, Dan F.

    species, preventing a full quantitative comparison of plant life history strategies in tundra vs. other biomes. This ignorance reflects the fact that for arctic and alpine plants, as for the dominant plants in many other biomes (e.g., grasslands and de- serts), it can be exceedingly difficult to obtain direct es

  17. Teaching in Tragedy by Teaching the History of Its Remembrance: Oradour-sur-Glane and American Students in September 2001

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Donald M.

    2002-01-01

    During the Fall term, 2001, the author taught a new course intended to develop a diversity of close reading skills among his students. An integral component of the course involved the exploration of memory and history. As the fate of the syllabus would have it, right after the September attacks he taught Sarah Farmer's "Martyred Village:…

  18. The History of Astrophysics in Antarctica Ahn, H. S., et al. 2002, Advanced Thin Ionization Calorimeter (ATIC) Update, American Physical

    E-print Network

    Burton, Michael

    The History of Astrophysics in Antarctica References Ahn, H. S., et al. 2002, Advanced Thin, in ASP Conf. Ser. 141, Astrophysics from Antarctica, ed. G. Novak & R. H. Landsberg (San Francisco, CA in the Keyhole Nebula, MNRAS, 319, 95 Burton, M. G. 1996, Why Antarctica?, PASA, 13, 2 Burton, M. G., Allen, D. A

  19. Soviet Military Awards

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    After the fall of the Soviet Union in the winter of 1991, thousands of items of Cold War paraphernalia found ready markets across the world, including the United States. High school and college students were now able to purchase the heavy wool jackets of Soviet and East German troops, and military buffs were able to acquire a number of patches, medals, and other items. The medals were often highly prized, and whether people understood the iconography and symbolism or not, they sought them out just the same. Fortunately for those interested in the wide world of Soviet military awards, there is this fine site which offers photographs and information about the various medals and their respective honors. With over 50 medals on the site, visitors can learn about the Order of October Revolution, the Pilot-Cosmonaut of USSR, and the rather curious Medal for Development of Virgin Lands, which commemorates the "young soviets" who relocated to Siberia, the Volga region, and northern Caucasus. For those whose interest is piqued by this material, there is also a newsletter that visitors can look through online.

  20. Military display market: fourth comprehensive edition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Hopper, Darrel G.; Marasco, Peter L.; Byrd, James C.; Neubauer, Jon

    2006-05-01

    The military display market is analyzed in terms of all fully electronic and many electro-mechanical displays used on combat platforms across all DoD Services. The military market for displays is defined by parameters such as active area, bezel-to-bezel measurement and technology. Other characteristics such as luminance, contrast ratio, gray levels, resolution, viewing angle, color, video capability, and night vision imaging system compatibility are noted. This study takes into account all displays that are either installed or funded for installation. In some few cases, it also includes planned displays. Display sizes having aggregate defense applications of 5,000 units or greater and having DoD applications across 10 or more platform fleets, are tabulated. The issue of size commonality is addressed where distribution of active area across platform fleets, individually, in groups of two through nine, and ten or more, is illustrated. Military displays are also analyzed by technology, where total quantities of such displays are broken out into CRT, LCD, AMLCD, EM, LED, Incandescent, Plasma and TFEL percentages. Custom, versus Ruggedized Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (RCOTS), versus Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) designs are contrasted. High and low information content designs are identified. Displays for several high-profile military programs are discussed, to include both technical specifications and program history. Our defense-wide study as of February 2006 has documented 1,195 direct-view and 15 virtualview display sizes across 628 weapon system platforms for a total of 1,161,977 displays.

  1. Women and History: Outside the Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coughlin, Mimi

    2007-01-01

    The active participation of women in the field of American history dates back to the earliest writings on the subject. The rich and long history of women writing, teaching and researching in the field of American History, however, is obscured by narrow disciplinary definitions of what actually counts as history and who is qualified to represent…

  2. Exposure to risk and its impact on human capital : essays on combat exposure, military labor, and conflict duration

    E-print Network

    Yankovich, Michael F

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation examines the impact of contemporaneous American participation in war on military labor and conflict duration. Chapter one uses variation in occupation-specific retention bonuses and mortality risks observed ...

  3. Economic Conditions of Military Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hosek, James; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors found that the economic circumstances of military families are good, certainly much improved compared with even a decade ago. The military context is nonetheless challenging, with long hours, dangerous work, frequent transfers, and stressful absences during deployment. Service members receive relatively high pay and…

  4. OLED study for military applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Barre; A. Chiquard; S. Faure; L. Landais; P. Patry

    2005-01-01

    The presentation deals with some applications of OLED displays in military optronic systems, which are scheduled by SAGEM DS (Defence and Security). SAGEM DS, one of the largest group in the defence and security market, is currently investigating OLED Technologies for military programs. This technology is close from being chosen for optronic equipment such as future infantry night vision goggles,

  5. Engineering geosciences and military operations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George A. Kiersch

    1998-01-01

    The earliest recorded use of geology for the terrain assessment of the battlefield occurred at Katzback in 1813 and contributed to the defeat of Napoleon's Army. Ever since, most major military operations have utilized geologic counsel to evaluate the terrain and features or execute battle actions. The value of geologic insight was recognized in books on the military applications of

  6. 78 FR 43796 - Indebtedness of Military Personnel

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-22

    ...Army 32 CFR Part 513 Indebtedness of Military Personnel AGENCY: Department of the...regulations concerning indebtedness of military personnel. The regulations are being...32 CFR Part 112, ``Indebtedness of Military Personnel,'' and DoD Financial...

  7. Species profile: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Gulf of Mexico): American oyster. [Crassostrea virginica

    SciTech Connect

    Stanley, J.G.; Sellers, M.A.

    1986-07-01

    The American oyster, Crassostrea virginica, is an important commercial species. Spawning occurs repeatedly during warmer months with millions of eggs released. Embryos and larvae are carried by currents throughout the estuaries and oceanic bays where they occur. The surviving larvae cement themselves to a solid object, where they remain for the remainder of life. Unable to move, they must tolerate changes in the environment that range from -2 to 36/sup 0/C (air temperature), 2 to 40 ppt salinity, and clear or muddy water. The density and occurrence of adults is limited by predators, chiefly oyster drills, whelks, fish, and crabs.

  8. BachelorofArts/BachelorofEducation NativeAmericanStudies/NativeEducation

    E-print Network

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    .__________________ ___ 3. One of (Art and Literature): ___Native American Studies 2300 - North American Indian Art History and Theory ___Native American Studies 2350 - North American Indian Art Studio ___Native American Studies 2600 American Philosophy ___Native American Studies 2500 - Canadian Indian History ___Native American Studies

  9. Interaction between 5-HTTLPR Polymorphism and Abuse History on Adolescent African-American Females’ Condom Use Behavior Following Participation in an HIV Prevention Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Sales, Jessica M.; DiClemente, Ralph J.; Brody, Gene H.; Philibert, Robert A.; Rose, Eve

    2013-01-01

    Not everyone exposed to an efficacious HIV intervention will reduce sexual risk behaviors, yet little is known about factors associated with “failure to change” high risk sexual behaviors post-intervention. History of abuse and polymorphisms in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTT) may be associated with non-change. The current study sought to identify genetic, life history, and psychosocial factors associated with adolescents’ failure to change condom use behaviors post-participation in an HIV prevention intervention. A sub-set of participants from a clinic-based sample of adolescent African-American females (N = 254) enrolled in a randomized trial of an HIV-prevention was utilized for the current study. 44.1% did not increase their condom use from baseline levels 6 months after participating in the STI/HIV prevention intervention. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, an interaction between abuse and 5-HTTLPR group was significantly associated with non-change status, along with partner communication frequency scores at follow-up. Follow-up tests found that having a history of abuse was significantly associated with greater odds of non-change in condom use post-intervention for only those with the s allele. For those with ll allele, participants with higher partner communication frequency scores were at decreased odds of non-change in condom use post-intervention. Thus, STI/HIV interventions for adolescent females may consider providing a more in-depth discussion and instruction on how to manage and overcome fear or anxiety related to being assertive in sexual decisions or sexual situations. Doing so may improve the efficacy of STI/HIV prevention programs for adolescent women who have experienced abuse in their lifetime. PMID:23479192

  10. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (north Atlantic): American eel. [Anguilla rostrata

    SciTech Connect

    Facey, D.E.; Van Den Avyle, M.J.

    1987-08-01

    The American eel is an ecologically and economically important catadromous species that occupies freshwater streams, rivers, brackish estuaries, and the open ocean during various phases of its life cycle. Adult eels apparently spawn in the Sargasso Sea, and ocean currents transport the developing larvae northward until the young metamorphose into juveniles capable of swimming shoreward and moving upstream into coastal areas, estuaries, and rivers. Developing eels commonly remain in freshwater or brackish areas for 10-12 years before migrating to spawn. American eels tend to be bottom-dwellers and feed on a variety of fauna that occupy the same habitats. Eels occupy areas having wide ranges of temperature, salinity, and other environmental factors, suggesting broad tolerance limits, but few studies of requirements have been reported. Salinity patterns and water currents created by river discharges into coastal areas apparently provide the gradient that cues shoreward migration of juvenile eels. Alteration of patterns of freshwater inflows to estuaries and bays could affect upstream migrations.

  11. HIV in military.

    PubMed

    1996-05-31

    The House of Representatives approved a defense authorization bill that requires the Pentagon to discharge service members who test positive for HIV antibodies. This is the second measure of its kind. Last year, Rep. Robert K. Dornan (R-CA) pushed through Congress a similar measure that was repealed after encountering public opposition. President Clinton said he will veto the defense bill in its current form. The bill provides $13 billion in spending beyond the amount the Pentagon requested, resurrects plans for the Star Wars missile defense system, and rescinds Clinton's don't ask, don't tell policy toward gay men and lesbians in the military. Rep. Peter Torkildsen (R-MA) is confident that the HIV provision can be stricken when the bill goes to a House-Senate conference committee in a few weeks. PMID:11363494

  12. Toxicology and military anaesthesia.

    PubMed

    Nicholson-Roberts, T C

    2010-12-01

    The combination of trauma and poisoning is a situation likely to be faced by a deployed force at some point. This article provides practical advice on how to deal with poisoned patients without deviating from the concept of damage control resuscitation. The constraints of limited diagnostics, both at the scene and clinically, and lack of antidotal therapy are fundamental to the practice of clinical toxicology. Some of the specific therapies such as atropine and oximes were not evaluated prior to their introduction and there are few randomised controlled trials of poisoned patients. Most of the diagnoses will be made on clinical grounds and most of the therapy will be supportive; this article aims to reassure military anaesthetists in the process of dealing with the poisoned trauma patient. PMID:21302652

  13. Tactical military communications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph A. Brendler

    1992-01-01

    The evolution of Army tactical communications systems, starting with the formation of the Signal Corps in 1856, is outlined. The use of mobile subscriber equipment (MSE), the single channel ground and airborne radio system (SINCGARS), and the maneuver control system (MCS), among others, to support American troops in Operation Desert Storm is described, and a representative sample of signal unit

  14. History of Chiropractic Care

    MedlinePLUS

    History of Chiropractic Care The roots of chiropractic care can be traced all the way back to ... 2000: 11-17, 70-71. Chiropractic: State of Art. Arlington, Virginia, American Chiropractic Association, 1998: 2-3, ...

  15. The Tax History Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Established in 1995 by Tax Analysts, the Tax History Project helps scholars, policymakers, students, and citizens easily access primary historical documents relating to American tax history. This rich resource archives US Treasury, White House, and Congressional documents from the early national, Depression, and World War II eras. Cartoon and poster image galleries supplement the text archives. Other features include statistical data on American taxation, Presidential Tax Returns, books reviews, and links to tax policy discussion groups.

  16. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Mid-Atlantic): American oyster. [Crassostrea virginica

    SciTech Connect

    Stanley, J.G.; Sellers, M.A.

    1986-07-01

    The American oyster (Crassostrea virginica) is an important commercial and mariculture species. It is the dominant species in many bays and oyster shells form extensive reefs that modify sedimentation and local currents. Spawning occurs repeatedly during warmer months with millions of eggs released. Embryos and larvae are carried by currents throughout the estuaries and oceanic bays where oysters occur. The few surviving larvae cement themselves to solid objects for the remainder of life. Unable to move, they must tolerate changes in the environment that range from -1.7/sup 0/ to 49/sup 0/C, 5 to 30 ppt salinity, and clear to muddy water. The distribution and abundance of adults are limited by marine predators, so that oysters are limited largely to brackish waters.

  17. Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic): American oyster. [Crassostrea virginica

    SciTech Connect

    Burrell, V.G. Jr.

    1986-07-01

    The American oyster, Crassostrea virginica, is an important commercial and recreational species. Spawning occurs continuously in warmer months. Larvae are planktonic and are distributed throughout estuaries by tidal currents. After a 2- to 3-week planktonic stage, larvae permanently attach to a solid substrate. In the South Atlantic region, this solid substrate is usually the shell of other oysters growing in the intertidal zone. This gregarious behaivor results in formation of massive intertidal reefs that are a prominent feature of high salinity bays, creeks and sounds in the region. These reefs serve as habitat and foraging grounds for other species. Oysters tolerate salinity from about 5 ppt to above 40 ppt and temperatures from below freezing to nearly 50/sup 0/C.

  18. American Museum of the Moving Image -- The Living Room Candidate: A History of Presidential Campaign Commercials, 1952-2000

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The power of television in determining the successful candidate for president of the United States over the past fifty years has been immense -- and something that every candidate is aware of, for better or for worse. This engaging online exhibit from the American Museum of the Moving Candidate offers television commercials for each presidential candidate from the years 1952 to 2000, along with an analysis of each major party, their advertising campaigns, and a map showing the results of each election. There are some real gems here including the advertisements from the fractious campaign of 1968, the powerful uses of various shock issues in the campaign of 1988, and Harry Belafonte speaking on behalf of John F. Kennedy in 1960. The site is rounded out by a selection of helpful educational materials, including a teacher's guide and a complete program guide to the presidential campaign television advertisements.

  19. Comparative life cycles and life histories of North American Rhabdias spp. (Nematoda: Rhabdiasidae): lungworms from snakes and anurans.

    PubMed

    Langford, Gabriel J; Janovy, John

    2009-10-01

    The present study used experimental infections to compare the life cycles and life histories of 6 Rhabdias spp. infecting snakes and anurans. Free-living development of anuran lungworms was primarily limited to heterogonic reproduction, and females utilized matricidal endotoky exclusively, whereas snake lungworms primarily reproduced homogonically and, when heterogonic reproduction occurred, females used a combination of releasing eggs and matricidal endotoky. Infective snake lungworms survived for longer periods in fresh water compared to anuran worms. Infective anuran lungworms penetrated into the skin of frogs and toads; few infections resulted from per os infections. In contrast, snake lungworms were unable to penetrate skin; instead, infective juveniles penetrated into snake esophageal tissue during per os infections. Despite separate points of entry, anuran and snake lungworms both migrated and developed in the fascia, eventually penetrating into the body cavity of the host. Worms molted to adulthood inside the body cavity and subsequently penetrated into the host's lungs, where they fed on blood while becoming gravid. Adult lungworm survival varied among lungworm species, but, in general, snake lungworms were longer lived than anuran worms. Anuran lungworms were poorly suited for transmission via transport hosts, whereas snake lungworms were consistently capable of establishing infections using transport hosts. Overall, these observations suggest that snake and anuran lungworms have discrepant life cycles and life history strategies. PMID:19348516

  20. History of Higher Education, 1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    History of Higher Education, 1992

    1992-01-01

    This annual compilation offers six articles on the history of higher education. In the first article, "The Historical Matrix of American Higher Education," Roger L. Geiger provides an overview of the history of American higher education. Following it, E. D. Duryea, Jurgen Herbst, and W. Bruce Leslie comment on his hypothesis which identifies eight…

  1. History, Education, and Public Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Donald R., Ed.

    This book of essays is a survey of recent developments in the history and historiography of American education. It highlights disagreements among practitioners of the art, significant research, book reviews, and contributions of history to the broader study of American education. Specific topics covered include: public education and the education…

  2. The Latin American University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maier, Joseph, Ed.; Weatherhead, Richard W., Ed.

    A comparative overview is presented of the Latin American university, which is seen as an institution with a particular history and definite role. Chapters are as follows: "The Latin American University: An Introduction," by Joseph Maier and Richard W. Weatherhead; "Origin and Philosophy of the Spanish American University," by Mario Gongora;…

  3. The vital role of the American Journal of Psychology in the early and continuing history of mental chronometry.

    PubMed

    O'Shea, Geoffrey; Bashore, Theodore R

    2012-01-01

    The American Journal of Psychology (AJP) was founded in 1887 by G. Stanley Hall during what Edwin G. Boring (1950) called the Period of Mental Chronometry and, consistent with the prevailing interests of the time, featured articles of relevance to scientists in this research domain. Contained in the early volumes of AJP were several articles that examined what have become some of the enduring issues faced by researchers studying the structure and timing of mental processing using reaction time (RT) procedures. Collectively, RT research published in AJP during its early years contributed to establishing mental chronometry as an important subfield of psychology. From 1900 to 1950 interest in mental chronometry waned, during what has been called its Dark Age. Nonetheless, interest in the effects of factors such as age and intelligence on total RT continued unabated. Numerous articles pertinent to these effects appeared in AJP. Finally, with the publication of Neisser's (1963) seminal work on visual search, AJP played an important role in reviving interest in mental chronometry in the latter half of the 20th century and continues in its 125th year of existence to contribute pertinent articles on contemporary research in mental chronometry. PMID:23350302

  4. Substance Abuse in the Military

    MedlinePLUS

    ... among personnel who have been exposed to combat. Suicides and Substance Use Suicide rates in the military were traditionally lower than ... the same age range, but in 2004 the suicide rate in the U.S. Army began to climb, ...

  5. Spatially explicit models of dynamic histories: examination of the genetic consequences of Pleistocene glaciation and recent climate change on the American Pika.

    PubMed

    Brown, Jason L; Knowles, L Lacey

    2012-08-01

    A central goal of phylogeography is to identify and characterize the processes underlying divergence. One of the biggest impediments currently faced is how to capture the spatiotemporal dynamic under which a species evolved. Here, we described an approach that couples species distribution models (SDMs), demographic and genetic models in a spatiotemporally explicit manner. Analyses of American Pika (Ochotona princeps) from the sky islands of the central Rocky Mountains of North America are used to provide insights into key questions about integrative approaches in landscape genetics, population genetics and phylogeography. This includes (i) general issues surrounding the conversion of time-specific SDMs into simple continuous, dynamic landscapes from past to current, (ii) the utility of SDMs to inform demographic models with deme-specific carrying capacities and migration potentials as well as (iii) the contribution of the temporal dynamic of colonization history in shaping genetic patterns of contemporary populations. Our results support that the inclusion of a spatiotemporal dynamic is an important factor when studying the impact of distributional shifts on patterns of genetic data. Our results also demonstrate the utility of SDMs to generate species-specific predictions about patterns of genetic variation that account for varying degrees of habitat specialization and life history characteristics of taxa. Nevertheless, the results highlight some key issues when converting SDMs for use in demographic models. Because the transformations have direct effects on the genetic consequence of population expansion by prescribing how habitat heterogeneity and spatiotemporal variation is related to the species-specific demographic model, it is important to consider alternative transformations when studying the genetic consequences of distributional shifts. PMID:22702844

  6. Changing Families in a Changing Military System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, Edna J., Ed.

    Recently, the military system has begun to feel the impact of the military family. Whenever sudden dramatic changes or transitions occur, crises may result either for the individual or for the institution. At present both the military system and the military family are in a period of rapid transition. Perhaps one of the most important changes that…

  7. Satellite Power System (SPS) military implications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bain, C. N.

    1978-01-01

    The military implications of the reference satellite power system (SPS) were examined is well as important military related study tasks. Primary areas of investigation were the potential of the SPS as a weapon, for supporting U.S. military preparedness, and for affecting international relations. In addition, the SPS's relative vulnerability to overt military action, terrorist attacks, and sabotage was considered.

  8. Measuring the Cohesion of Military Communities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peggy Mcclure; Walter Broughton

    2000-01-01

    Several trends affecting the military make the cohesion of installations increasingly problematic. At the same time, recent work in military sociology contends that greater attention should be paid to the integration of military units within the larger social entities that contain them. We report the results of a pretest conducted among 325 military personnel and spouses at an East Coast

  9. Suicides and Suicide Attempts in the U.S. Military, 2008-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bush, Nigel E.; Reger, Mark A.; Luxton, David D.; Skopp, Nancy A.; Kinn, Julie; Smolenski, Derek; Gahm, Gregory A.

    2013-01-01

    The Department of Defense Suicide Event Report Program collects extensive information on suicides and suicide attempts from the U.S. Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, and Navy. Data are compiled on demographics, suicide event details, behavioral health treatment history, military history, and information about other potential risk factors such as…

  10. The Automobile in American History History 392

    E-print Network

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    , and printed collections of these documents published at a later date. 1. Use QCAT Search QCAT to find books by searching QCAT by doing a Keyword Boolean search and then adding one of the special subject terms to your of newspapers from this time period. To find out what newspapers the Library has, search QCAT by newspaper title

  11. Military display market segment: wearable and portable

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Hopper, Darrel G.

    2003-09-01

    The military display market (MDM) is analyzed in terms of one of its segments, wearable and portable displays. Wearable and portable displays are those embedded in gear worn or carried by warfighters. Categories include hand-mobile (direct-view and monocular/binocular), palm-held, head/helmet-mounted, body-strapped, knee-attached, lap-born, neck-lanyard, and pocket/backpack-stowed. Some 62 fielded and developmental display sizes are identified in this wearable/portable MDM segment. Parameters requiring special consideration, such as weight, luminance ranges, light emission, viewing angles, and chromaticity coordinates, are summarized and compared. Ruggedized commercial versus commercial off-the-shelf designs are contrasted; and a number of custom displays are also found in this MDM category. Display sizes having aggregate quantities of 5,000 units or greater or having 2 or more program applications are identified. Wearable and portable displays are also analyzed by technology (LCD, LED, CRT, OLED and plasma). The technical specifications and program history of several high-profile military programs are discussed to provide a systems context for some representative displays and their function. As of August 2002 our defense-wide military display market study has documented 438,882 total display units distributed across 1,163 display sizes and 438 weapon systems. Wearable and portable displays account for 202,593 displays (46% of total DoD) yet comprise just 62 sizes (5% of total DoD) in 120 weapons systems (27% of total DoD). Some 66% of these wearable and portable applications involve low information content displays comprising just a few characters in one color; however, there is an accelerating trend towards higher information content units capable of showing changeable graphics, color and video.

  12. "Journey to the Stars": Presenting What Stars Are to Global Planetarium Audiences by Blending Astrophysical Visualizations Into a Single Immersive Production at the American Museum of Natural History

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Emmart, Carter; Mac Low, M.; Oppenheimer, B. R.; Kinzler, R.; Paglione, T. A. D.; Abbott, B. P.

    2010-01-01

    "Journey to the Stars" is the latest and fourth space show based on storytelling from data visualization at the Rose Center for Earth and Space at the American Museum of Natural History. This twenty five minute, full dome movie production presents to planetarium audiences what the stars are, where they come from, how they vary in type and over time, and why they are important to life of Earth. Over forty scientists from around the world contributed their research to what is visualized into roughly fifteen major scenes. How this production is directed into a consolidated immersive informal science experience with learning goals is an integrative process with many inputs and concerns for scientific accuracy. The goal is a seamless merger of visualizations at varying spatial and temporal scales with acuity toward depth perception, revealing unseen phenomena, and the layering of concepts together to build an understanding of stars; to blend our common experience of them in the sky with the uncommon meaning we have come to know through science. Scripted by Louise Gikow who has worked for Children's Television Workshop, narrated by Whoopie Goldberg, and musically scored by Robert Miller, this production strives to guide audiences through challenging scientific concepts by complimenting the natural beauty the subject matter presents with understandable prose and musical grandeur. "Journey to the Stars" was produced in cooperation with NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Heliophysics Division and is in release at major planetariums, worldwide.

  13. Tax History Museum

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The 2000 tax deadline has passed, and users with taxes on their minds may be interested in the Tax History Museum. Created and maintained by Tax Analysts, this online museum covers American tax history from 1660 to the present. Divided into chronological periods, each exhibit contains a narrative history of American taxes, complete with images of documents, portraits of some of the key figures, and illustrations. Still under construction, the 20th-century exhibit will also contain sound clips of some of the most famous tax-related speeches of the last 100 years.

  14. Page 46 American Multicultural Studies Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog AMERICAN MULTICULTURAL STUDIES

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    , Asian Americans, Multiracial Americans, and Native American Indians so that students may understand morePage 46 American Multicultural Studies Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog AMERICAN and Gender; Mass Media and Society; Race/Ethnicity and Identity Michael Ezra / African American History

  15. Military Education and Research Library Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The official Web presence of the military education libraries in the United States and Europe, MERLN links together the holdings and electronic information resources of fourteen libraries, collectively the "largest and most comprehensive collections of military information resources in the world." Users can select a Topic Area (or create a custom topic) or a specific catalog, and then search by title, author, subject heading, or advanced options. The databases are also browseable by author, title, subject, or year. A sample search under title keyword for all libraries for "carpet bombing" produced 74 hits, while "Antietam" produced 266. Hits for each library are listed in a frame on the left-hand side, while basic bibliographic information on each title is listed on the right, with links to more detailed information. Users can repeat previous searches and combine them with other searches using the History option and also save and email selected search returns. Please note that at present the library catalogs for the Marine Corps University Research Center, the Marshall Center, the US Coast Guard Academy, and the US Naval Academy cannot be directly searched from MERLN, but efforts are underway to correct the problem. Users can access the homepages of these libraries, and all of the others linked through MERLN, from the main page.

  16. The Holocene history of the North American Monsoon: 'known knowns' and 'known unknowns' in understanding its spatial and temporal complexity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Metcalfe, Sarah E.; Barron, John A.; Davies, Sarah J.

    2015-07-01

    Evidence for climatic change across the North American Monsoon (NAM) and adjacent areas is reviewed, drawing on continental and marine records and the application of climate models. Patterns of change at 12,000, 9000, 6000 and 4000 cal yr BP are presented to capture the nature of change from the Younger Dryas (YD) and through the mid-Holocene. At the YD, conditions were cooler overall, wetter in the north and drier in the south, while moving into the Holocene wetter conditions became established in the south and then spread north as the NAM strengthened. Until c. 8000 cal yr BP, the Laurentide Ice Sheet influenced precipitation in the north by pushing the Bermuda High further south. The peak extent of the NAM seems to have occurred around 6000 cal yr BP. 4000 cal yr BP marks the start of important changes across the NAM region, with drying in the north and the establishment of the clear differences between the summer-rain dominated south and central areas and the north, where winter rain is more important. This differentiation between south and north is crucial to understanding many climate responses across the NAM. This increasing variability is coincident with the declining influence of orbital forcing. 4000 cal yr BP also marks the onset of significant anthropogenic activity in many areas. For the last 2000 years, the focus is on higher temporal resolution change, with strong variations across the region. The Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA) is characterised by centennial scale 'megadrought' across the southwest USA, associated with cooler tropical Pacific SSTs and persistent La Niña type conditions. Proxy data from southern Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean reveal generally wetter conditions, whereas records from the highlands of central Mexico and much of the Yucatan are typified by long -term drought. The Little Ice Age (LIA), in the north, was characterised by cooler, wetter winter conditions that have been linked with increased frequency of El Niño's. Proxy records in the central and southern regions reveal generally dry LIA conditions, consistent with cooler SSTs in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. This synthesis demonstrates that in some periods, one major forcing can dominate across the whole area (e.g. insolation in the early-mid Holocene), but at other times there is strong variability in patterns of change due to the differential impact of forcings such as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on precipitation seasonality.

  17. The Holocene history of the North American Monsoon: 'known knowns' and 'known unknowns' in understanding its spatial and temporal complexity

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Metcalfe, Sarah E.; Barron, John A.; Davies, Sarah J.

    2015-01-01

    Evidence for climatic change across the North American Monsoon (NAM) and adjacent areas is reviewed, drawing on continental and marine records and the application of climate models. Patterns of change at 12,000, 9000, 6000 and 4000 cal yr BP are presented to capture the nature of change from the Younger Dryas (YD) and through the mid-Holocene. At the YD, conditions were cooler overall, wetter in the north and drier in the south, while moving into the Holocene wetter conditions became established in the south and then spread north as the NAM strengthened. Until c. 8000 cal yr BP, the Laurentide Ice Sheet influenced precipitation in the north by pushing the Bermuda High further south. The peak extent of the NAM seems to have occurred around 6000 cal yr BP. 4000 cal yr BP marks the start of important changes across the NAM region, with drying in the north and the establishment of the clear differences between the summer-rain dominated south and central areas and the north, where winter rain is more important. This differentiation between south and north is crucial to understanding many climate responses across the NAM. This increasing variability is coincident with the declining influence of orbital forcing. 4000 cal yr BP also marks the onset of significant anthropogenic activity in many areas. For the last 2000 years, the focus is on higher temporal resolution change, with strong variations across the region. The Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA) is characterised by centennial scale ‘megadrought’ across the southwest USA, associated with cooler tropical Pacific SSTs and persistent La Niña type conditions. Proxy data from southern Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean reveal generally wetter conditions, whereas records from the highlands of central Mexico and much of the Yucatan are typified by long -term drought. The Little Ice Age (LIA), in the north, was characterised by cooler, wetter winter conditions that have been linked with increased frequency of El Niño's. Proxy records in the central and southern regions reveal generally dry LIA conditions, consistent with cooler SSTs in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. This synthesis demonstrates that in some periods, one major forcing can dominate across the whole area (e.g. insolation in the early-mid Holocene), but at other times there is strong variability in patterns of change due to the differential impact of forcings such as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) on precipitation seasonality.

  18. Late Pleistocene/Holocene paleoclimate reconstruction and eruptive history of Central American volcanoes from lake bottom sediments of Lake Nicaragua

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wulf, S.; Dull, R. A.; Mann, P.; McIntosh, K. D.; Gardner, J. E.

    2007-12-01

    A shallow coring program in Lake Nicaragua was completed in May/June 2006 by the University of Texas (UT Department of Geography and UT Institute for Geophysics). A total of 35 sediment cores with lengths ranging between 12 cm and 100 cm along with five longer cores were extracted from the lake using a gravity corer and a modified manual square rod piston corer, respectively. Analyses of lake sediments have the following objectives: 1) to correlate the geophysical results with the core data to provide a stratigraphic framework for the shallow lake sediments; 2) to constrain past climate variability in this rather poorly investigated area; and 3) to establish a time series of explosive volcanic activity based on the identification and dating of tephra layers in the cores. Initial measurements of magnetic susceptibility, dry density, loss on ignition and XRF scanning indicated a dominance of fine-grained homogeneous diatomaceous sediments cover most of the lake floor. Increasing values in magnetic susceptibility in the upper part of several short cores most likely reflect increased erosion caused by land-use changes during the Spanish colonial period (1522-1822). Results on the two longest cores from the northeastern (355 cm) and southwestern (478 cm) parts of the lake reveal complete Holocene paleoclimate records in both areas that are comparable to other terrestrial and marine records in the Central and South- American tropics (i.e. Cariaco Basin). A lithologic change from homogeneous gyttia (diatomaceous mud) to blue- grayish waxy clay at the bottom of these records marks the Late Pleistocene-Holocene transition as indicated by a radiocarbon dating on plant remains. The latter dense clay forms a distinctive stratigraphic marker in the lake basin. Tephra layers to date were detected in most gravity cores recovered west of Ometepe Island (Volcan Concepcion), and in long records in the northeastern basin (San Antonio Tephra, Masaya volcano, ca. 7,400 interpolated cal yr BP) and nearby the Solentiname Archipelago (unknown eruption, Arenal volcano, Costa Rica; 8,810 +/- 25 cal yr BP). These layers allow independent dating and correlation of sediments.

  19. Fiber optics and its use in military systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. K. Chow

    1981-01-01

    A developmental history of optic fiber technology and theory is presented and advantages and applications in military systems are considered. Attenuation is currently kept to 6 dB\\/km or lower. Splicing techniques are described, noting that splice loss can be maintained at 0.5 dB per junction, although no standardization of fiber, core, or cable sizes has yet occurred. Optic fiber characteristics

  20. Economic conditions of military families.

    PubMed

    Hosek, James; Wadsworth, Shelley MacDermid

    2013-01-01

    For military children and their families, the economic news is mostly good. After a period of steady pay increases, James Hosek and Shelley MacDermid Wadsworth write, service members typically earn more than civilians with a comparable level of education. Moreover, they receive many other benefits that civilians often do not, including housing allowances, subsidized child care, tuition assistance, and top-of-the-line comprehensive health care. Of course, service members tend to work longer hours than civilians do, and they are exposed to hazards that civilians rarely, if ever, face. The extra pay they receive when they are deployed to combat zones helps their families cope financially but cannot alleviate the stress. Though service members are relatively well paid, the military lifestyle takes a toll on the earnings of their spouses. Chiefly because the military requires service members to move frequently, spouses' careers are regularly interrupted, and employers are hesitant to offer them jobs that require a large investment in training or a long learning curve. More military spouses than comparable civilian spouses are either unemployed or work fewer hours than they would like, and military spouses overall tend to earn less than their civilian counterparts. Despite the military's relatively high pay, some service members and their families--particularly among the junior enlisted ranks--report financial distress, and a handful even qualify for food stamps. Moreover, precisely because military pay tends to be higher than civilian pay, families may see a drop in income when a service member leaves the armed forces. Finally, the pay increases of recent years have slowed, and force cutbacks are coming; both of these factors will alter the financial picture for service members, possibly for the worse. PMID:25518691

  1. DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY SEMESTER ADVISING SHEET

    E-print Network

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    . Credits World History---9 Semester Credits (Minimum) (Asian, Islamic, Latin American or InternationalDEPARTMENT OF HISTORY SEMESTER ADVISING SHEET BEGINNING FALL 2011 HISTORY MAJOR Minimum of 40 Semester Credits in History Maximum of 60 Semester Credits in History. Penalties will apply for more than

  2. Art History The School of Humanities

    E-print Network

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    98 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American, Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies. The major in art history

  3. Art History The School of Humanities

    E-print Network

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    104 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American, Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies. The major in art history

  4. A History of Chemical Engineering at North Carolina State University

    E-print Network

    Velev, Orlin D.

    , Quantitative, Industrial Military Drill (Fr, So, Jr, Sr), Military Science (Sr) #12;1903 AgromeckYearbook #12 Board $ 154 Total $ 324 #12;1925-1935 ChE Employment Opportunities Chemicals & Explosives - DuPont Oil Companies - Sinclair Oil, American Oil Pulp & Paper - Champion Paper, Mead Pulp&Paper, West Virginia Paper

  5. The Library of Congress: Military Legal Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Library of Congress has developed a number of specialized digital collection designed to be of special use to researchers, and this very thorough collection of materials follows in that most welcome tradition. The site contains digitized legal documents and related ephemera such as the Military Law Review, various U.S. Army Field Manuals, and transcripts of the Nuremberg Trials. One important recent addition to these materials is a full set of the Commentaries on the 1949 Geneva Conventions, which were originally published between 1952 and 1959. Additionally, the site also contains legislative histories of such important acts as the Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts of 1974. Finally, the site is rounded out by a section that provides direct links to the official investigations of the My Lai Incidents during the Vietnam War.

  6. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...receiving flight training. (2) Has passed the military competency aeronautical...undergraduate pilot training school and received...qualification as a military pilot. (3...graduated from a military undergraduate pilot training school from...

  7. CIVIL-MILITARY GAP AND MILITARY EFFECTIVENESS: THE IMPACT OF IDEOLOGY AND MILITARY EXPERIENCE GAP ON DEFENSE SPENDING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1952-2000

    E-print Network

    Lee, Byeonggu

    2010-01-01

    -military gap for military effectiveness. This dissertation attempted to fill this void by examining the impact of ideology and military experience gap on defense spending, an element of military effectiveness. This study employed two measurements...

  8. Further notes on the natural history of the South American pepper frog, Leptodactylus labyrinthicus (Spix, 1824) (Anura, Leptodactylidae).

    PubMed

    Silva, W R; Giaretta, A A

    2008-05-01

    Leptodactylus labyrinthicus tadpoles reach a large size in the nest through consumption of trophic eggs. We previously suggested that the trophic eggs are laid just after amplexus has finished, but our new data do not support this hypothesis. We also present further details on the natural history of the species with regard to breeding activity, spawning site, retreats and the ability of tadpoles in preying upon fully-growth heterospecific tadpoles. We also show that the tadpoles are mainly nocturnal and take diurnal refuges. We collected the data in Brazil in three localities within the Cerrado Biome. We examined burrows used by L. labyrinthicus males, verified if females still contained mature eggs just after released from amplexus, and tested the ability of tadpoles in preying fully-growth heterospecific tadpoles. Field observations and experiments were conducted on tadpole activity time, hiding behaviour and level of susceptibility to predation by the bird leaf-scrapers in four sheltering situations. Reproduction could start before the first rains; this may be advantageous by allowing the tadpoles to exploit eggs of other frogs. We found one floating nest built in a temporary pool. The nest of the species is normally circumscribed in an excavated basin beside the water body. Adult males were found during the day with their head-out of the entrance of underwater burrows, which were perforations through dense root mats beside calling/spawning sites. Probably, these burrows in permanently water-filled soil are actively excavated by males. Females released all their eggs during the amplexus, so trophic eggs are not produced by the currently-accepted mechanism. Fully-grown heterospecific tadpoles were not preyed upon by L. labyrinthicus tadpoles, which can prey only slow-moving newly hatched ones. Field tadpoles took shelter under mud/dead leaves during daylight and became exposed on the bottom at night. Free-ranging leaf-scrapers removed dead leaves from a pool with their beaks and preyed upon tadpoles. In the experiments, the tadpoles sheltered under gravel/leaves during daylight, but they were exposed at night. Leaf-scrapers ate all exposed tadpoles, but no tadpole of the gravel/leaves trays was consumed. Hence the nocturnal habits and use of diurnal refuges may protect the tadpoles from visual predators, such as the leaf-scrapers. PMID:18660971

  9. Playing ourselves: Native histories, Native interpreters, and living history sites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laura Peers

    1996-01-01

    This study examines the representation of First Nations cultures, people, and histories at six North American public history sites: Lower Fort Garry, Old Fort William, the North West Company Fur Post at Pine City, Colonial Michilimackinac, Waswagoning, and Sainte-Marie among the Hurons. The study examines the history and development of these sites and of their Native interpretation programs. The different

  10. Art and Art History 93 Art and Art History

    E-print Network

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Art and Art History 93 Art and Art History The School of Humanities Chair Hamid Naficy Professors Sparagana Degrees Offered: B.A., B.F.A. This major offers two tracks of study: one in studio art and one in art history, the latter with concentrations in the Western tradition of European and American art

  11. Armed forces, states and threats : civil-military institutions and military power in modern democracies

    E-print Network

    DeVore, Marc Ronald

    2009-01-01

    Two longstanding questions preoccupying political scientists, military officers and policymakers alike are how should and how do political leaders interact with military professionals? This thesis argues that historic ...

  12. Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in Blast-Exposed Military Veterans and a Blast Neurotrauma Mouse Model

    PubMed Central

    Goldstein, Lee E.; Fisher, Andrew M.; Tagge, Chad A.; Zhang, Xiao-Lei; Velisek, Libor; Sullivan, John A.; Upreti, Chirag; Kracht, Jonathan M.; Ericsson, Maria; Wojnarowicz, Mark W.; Goletiani, Cezar J.; Maglakelidze, Giorgi M.; Casey, Noel; Moncaster, Juliet A.; Minaeva, Olga; Moir, Robert D.; Nowinski, Christopher J.; Stern, Robert A.; Cantu, Robert C.; Geiling, James; Blusztajn, Jan K.; Wolozin, Benjamin L.; Ikezu, Tsuneya; Stein, Thor D.; Budson, Andrew E.; Kowall, Neil W.; Chargin, David; Sharon, Andre; Saman, Sudad; Hall, Garth F.; Moss, William C.; Cleveland, Robin O.; Tanzi, Rudolph E.; Stanton, Patric K.; McKee, Ann C.

    2013-01-01

    Blast exposure is associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI), neuropsychiatric symptoms, and long-term cognitive disability. We examined a case series of postmortem brains from U.S. military veterans exposed to blast and/or concussive injury. We found evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a tau protein–linked neurodegenerative disease, that was similar to the CTE neuropathology observed in young amateur American football players and a professional wrestler with histories of concussive injuries. We developed a blast neurotrauma mouse model that recapitulated CTE-linked neuropathology in wild-type C57BL/6 mice 2 weeks after exposure to a single blast. Blast-exposed mice demonstrated phosphorylated tauopathy, myelinated axonopathy, microvasculopathy, chronic neuroinflammation, and neurodegeneration in the absence of macroscopic tissue damage or hemorrhage. Blast exposure induced persistent hippocampal-dependent learning and memory deficits that persisted for at least 1 month and correlated with impaired axonal conduction and defective activity-dependent long-term potentiation of synaptic transmission. Intracerebral pressure recordings demonstrated that shock waves traversed the mouse brain with minimal change and without thoracic contributions. Kinematic analysis revealed blast-induced head oscillation at accelerations sufficient to cause brain injury. Head immobilization during blast exposure prevented blast-induced learning and memory deficits. The contribution of blast wind to injurious head acceleration may be a primary injury mechanism leading to blast-related TBI and CTE. These results identify common pathogenic determinants leading to CTE in blast-exposed military veterans and head-injured athletes and additionally provide mechanistic evidence linking blast exposure to persistent impairments in neurophysiological function, learning, and memory. PMID:22593173

  13. Lesson Study and History Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halvorsen, Anne-Lise; Kesler Lund, Alisa

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the experiences of a group of fifth-grade teachers who used lesson study, a teacher-driven form of professional development, to teach history in a project supported by a Teaching American History Grant. The project addressed the following questions: What does a lesson study cycle for history education look like? What…

  14. American prisoner of war policy and practice from the Revolutionary War to the War on Terror 

    E-print Network

    Springer, Paul Joseph

    2006-08-16

    .S. military has often sought the most expedient methods of maintaining prisoners, a practice that has led to accusations of neglect. In the nineteenth century, American wars were typically fought upon the North American continent and were limited in scope...

  15. Pilot Study to determine interest of adult civilian dependants of active duty military personnel in participation in a weight control program

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Adult civilian dependents of active duty military personnel (ADMP) may play a central role in influencing the home food environment and the risk of overweight and obesity in American Warfighters and military families. However, there is no information on whether this group would be receptive to weigh...

  16. History Textbook Controversies in Japan. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masalski, Kathleen Woods

    Currently, there is a controversy in Japan about textbook treatments of Japanese military actions during World War II. This digest examines: (1) the importance of history textbooks in schools in Japan and the United States; (2) the context of history textbook controversies in Japan; (3) the current issues and contending positions in the Japanese…

  17. The military gynecologist in low-intensity conflict environment.

    PubMed

    Wittich, A C

    1993-04-01

    U.S. military medical personnel have been assigned to Honduras since August 1983. While reserve components have 2-week assignments and Air Force medics receive 3-month assignments, U.S. Army medical personnel are assigned for 6-month tours. Duties include rendering medical care and air evacuation capability to all U.S. Forces in the Central American area of operations, conducting medical civic action programs termed MEDRETES, and assisting the host government in developing and conducting a health care system for indigent rural Hondurans. Gynecological care to women soldiers assigned to this low-intensity conflict environment and gynecological surgery capability for indigent Hondurans has been one important aspect of the military medical presence. PMID:8479639

  18. F. Willoughby Smith and the development of American policy toward the Bolshevik Revolution, 7 November - 12 December, 1917

    E-print Network

    Hammond, Terry Wayne

    1986-01-01

    of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 1986 Major Subject: History F. WILLOUGHBY SMITH AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF AMERICAN POLICY TOWARD THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION: 7 NOVEMBER ? 12 DECEMBER, 1917 A thesis by TERRY WAYNE HAMMOND Approved... at Batum, and later Tif li s, Russia, from Apr il, 1914 to April, 1919. The United States' entry into the war in April of 1917 catapul ted Consul Smith into a position of immense responsibility, for he was wel I-aware of the military, political...

  19. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Department of Tactics. (b) Mission. The mission of the United States Military...training. In accomplishing its mission, the Military Academy strives...sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

  20. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Department of Tactics. (b) Mission. The mission of the United States Military...training. In accomplishing its mission, the Military Academy strives...sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

  1. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Department of Tactics. (b) Mission. The mission of the United States Military...training. In accomplishing its mission, the Military Academy strives...sound education in the arts and sciences requisite for continued...

  2. Art and Music Histories Professor Recognized by American Philosophical Society College of Arts and Sciences at Syracuse University http://asnews.syr.edu/newsevents_2014/releases/Wayne_Franits_APS_Award.html[5/8/2014 10:35:59 AM

    E-print Network

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Art and Music Histories Professor Recognized by American Philosophical Society College of Arts. -------------------------------- International Business Times Apr 14, 2014 featured a story about a group of professors from The College of Arts dance can have on Upcoming Events 14th Annual Graduate Symposium in Art History May 9, 2014 at 10:00 AM

  3. History: The Colonial Williamsburg Official History Site

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Colonial Williamsburg has been a popular destination for American history buffs for eight decades, and they continue to impress with their fine website dedicated to providing biographies, essays, and articles on "the everyday life of extraordinary Americans." Visitors can read biographies of people who inhabited colonial-era Williamsburg, listen to their fife and drums corps, and tour the town. One area that is definitely worth a look is the "Gardens" section of the site. Here visitors can learn about the landscape restoration work on the site, the history of the gardens, and read the gardener's blog. Further along, the "Clothing" area includes narrative descriptions of men's clothing, women's clothing, and African American clothing during colonial times. Also, visitors can dress a colonial person from head to toe in the interactive adventure, "Dressing the Part". The site is rounded out by a "Conferences, Forums, and Workshops" area that includes information about their scholarly activities and upcoming forums.

  4. Comparison of Visual Status of Iranian Military and Commercial Drivers

    PubMed Central

    Ghasemi, Mohammad; Hoseini Yazdi, Seyed Hosein; Heravian, Javad; Jafarzadehpur, Ebrahim; Rezaee, Maryam

    2015-01-01

    Background: There is no legal requirement for Iranian military truck drivers to undergo regular visual checkups as compared to commercial truck drivers. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of drivers’ visual checkups by comparing the visual function of Iranian military and commercial truck drivers. Patients and Methods: In this comparative cross-sectional study, two hundred military and 200 commercial truck drivers were recruited and their Visual Acuity (VA), Visual Field (VF), color vision and Contrast Sensitivity (CS) were assessed and compared using the Snellen chart, confrontation screening method, D15 test and Pelli-Robson letter chart, respectively. A questionnaire regarding driving exposure and history of motor-vehicle crashes (MVCs) was also filled by drivers. Results were analyzed using an independent samples t-test, one-way ANOVA (assessing difference in number of MVCs across different age groups), chi-square test and Pearson correlation at statistical significance level of P < 0.05. Results: Mean age was 41.6 ± 9.2 for the military truck drivers and 43.4 ± 10.9 for commercial truck drivers (P > 0.05). No significant difference between military and commercial drivers was found in terms of driving experience, number of MVCs, binocular VA, frequency of color vision defects and CS scores. In contrast, the last ocular examination was significantly earlier in military drivers than commercial drivers (P < 0.001). In addition, 4% of military drivers did not meet the national standards to drive as opposed to 2% of commercial drivers. There was a significant but weak correlation between binocular VA and age (r = 0.175, P < 0.001). However, CS showed a significantly moderate correlation with age (r = -0.488, P < 0.001). Conclusions: The absence of legal requirement for regular eye examination in military drivers caused the incompetent drivers to be missed in contrast to commercial drivers. The need for scientific revision of VA standard for Iranian drivers is also discussed. The CS measurement in visual checkups of older drivers deserves to be investigated more thoroughly. PMID:26023333

  5. Plastic packaging for military contractors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. S. Hill

    1996-01-01

    How does one change the Plastic Encapsulated Microcircuit (PEM) paradigm for a Military contractor? First, one must understand why PEMs should be used, and how they differ from their ceramic counterparts. Next, reliable assembly and mounting techniques must be understood, customer approval for their use must be obtained, and any hidden requirements or risks must be identified. This study demonstrated

  6. Military Deployments: Evaluating Teacher Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Richard M.

    2011-01-01

    This mixed method study examined the possible influence of a military deployment online tutorial on teacher knowledge. DoDEA and public school teachers were the two groups used for the study. From this exploratory study, the researcher also wanted to explore if teachers would find professional development provided in an online tutorial relevant…

  7. Military Education: Models from Antiquity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strauss, Barry

    2008-01-01

    Unlike Westerners today, the Greeks and Romans put military training at the heart of their educational system. Examining the ancients' preoccupation with the inculcation of soldierly skills and disciplines, Professor Strauss asks whether we can find profit in their example. (Contains 7 footnotes.)

  8. Are Our Military Alliances Meaningful?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George S. McGovern

    1969-01-01

    Between 1945 and 1949, motivated by fear of world communism, the United States negotiated pacts which tied its defense posture to the military security of forty-two other nations. World conditions have changed radically since that time. The Sino-Soviet dispute and East European developments have shown that a monolithic Communist bloc does not exist. West Europe and Japan have recovered economically

  9. The Caltech Political Military Exercise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munger, E. S.; And Others

    The Caltech political military exercise (PME) is a game in which players assume roles of leaders of various countries and attempt to act as they think these leaders would in a time of international crises. The main purposes of the exercise are (1) to provide students with an experience in crisis diplomacy and policy formation, and (2) to provide a…

  10. Soviet military strategy in space

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, N.L.

    1987-01-01

    This book examines the Soviet military space effort from its infancy in the 1950s to the spy craft and anti-satellite systems of today. It describes in detail the Soviet equivalents of the U.S. Star Wars program and explains technical and political issues in laymen's terms. A full text of major arms control agreements completes the volume.

  11. Cognitive Science and Military Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halff, Henry M.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Four new military training systems offer the opportunity for the application of cognitive science. They are the following: (1) a family of memorization games; (2) a simulator with a graphic, schematic student interface; (3) a system for solving problems of relative motion; and (4) a method of building cognitive skills for air-intercept control.…

  12. Graduate History Awards 2012-2013 Department of History, Florida Atlantic University

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    collection on the history of World War II and/or American Jewish life in the 20th century. Weiner SpiritGraduate History Awards 2012-2013 Department of History, Florida Atlantic University Due by Friday, Department of History cc: Zella Linn (zlinn@fau.edu), Office Administrator, Department of History Name

  13. Graduate History Awards 2011-2012 Department of History, Florida Atlantic University

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    collection on the history of World War II and/or American Jewish life in the 20th century. Weiner SpiritGraduate History Awards 2011-2012 Department of History, Florida Atlantic University Due by Friday, Department of History cc: Zella Linn (zlinn@fau.edu), Office Administrator, Department of History Name

  14. 32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military Order, the Secretary...

  15. Military keynote: wargames, preemption and a lot of other curious behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James F. Dunnigan

    2003-01-01

    Wargames have been used by the American military for over a century. And for good reason, they work. A wargame is an attempt to get a jump on the future by obtaining a better understanding of the present and the past. A wargame is a combination of \\

  16. Tying the Yellow Ribbon: How School Psychologists and Educators Can Support Military Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anweiler, Justin

    2008-01-01

    Tying a yellow ribbon around the tree in one's front yard or placing a magnet on one's car is more than just a show of support. It is a promise to American military around the world that one is ready and able to support them in their time of need just as they have supported the country. Educators, including school psychologists, are especially…

  17. The U.S. use of military intervention to promote democracy: Evaluating the record

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Margaret G. Hermann; Charles W. Kegley Jr

    1998-01-01

    Given the foreign policy priority that the Clinton administration has placed on the “enlargement” of the democratic community, a relevant question is whether military intervention is an effective instrument for achieving such a purpose. This research explores the impact of American interventions since 1945 on the political systems of the targets. What happens when U.S. presidents pursue “pro?liberalization policies” through

  18. Still training to torture? US training of military forces from Latin America

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruth Blakeley

    2006-01-01

    It is widely assumed that the School of the Americas (soa), a US training school for Latin American military forces, advocated repression during the Cold War. To demonstrate this, previous research has tended to focus on establishing correlations between training and specific human rights abuses by individuals trained at soa. A stronger case can be made through detailed analysis of

  19. Tecumseh. The Story of an American Indian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schraff, Anne

    Tecumseh, famed for his skills as an orator, warrior, military strategist, and leader of his Shawnee people, has been called one of the great American leaders. In 1812 he assembled 3,000 warriors from 32 American Indian tribes in an effort to save the Indian lands from the onslaught of the white soldiers and settlers. It was the largest Indian…

  20. American Acts of Force: Results and Misperceptions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph K. White

    1998-01-01

    This article examines and evaluates the apparent results of 12 prominent examples of American acts of force ranging from its entry into World War I to North American Treaty Organization’s (NATO) massive air strike that ended the war in Bosnia. The values in terms of which I judge them are military success (to the extent that it promotes other values),

  1. TRICARE Military Treatment Facilities (MTF) Locator

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Find a Military Hospital or Clinic Need Larger Text? Find a Military Hospital or Clinic Military hospitals ... styleMaker1 = new StyledMarker({ styleIcon: new StyledIcon(StyledIconTypes.MARKER, { text: facility_number }, styleIconClass), position: new google.maps.LatLng( ...

  2. Support for Military Families and Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoshmand, Lisa Tsoi; Hoshmand, Andrea L.

    2007-01-01

    This is a call for community psychologists to engage in research, consultation, and program development and evaluation in supporting military families and communities. Barriers to such involvement are identified and discussed. It is argued that the needs of military families and communities cannot be ignored when military and civilian communities…

  3. Intermountain West Military Lands Planting Guide

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This guide provides recommendations on plant materials for Department of Defense (DoD) land restoration at military facilties in the Intermountain West of the United States. These guidelines provide military land managers new options for revegetating military training lands. Most other guides for l...

  4. Suicide and the Military Justice System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lande, Raymond G.

    1992-01-01

    Notes that U.S. military policies emphasize humanitarian approach to issue of suicide, yet military law may view suicidal behavior as deviant and may prosecute suicide attempters. Cites convictions of soldiers for attempted and assisted suicides. Reviews recent court decisions and suggests revisions in military law. (Author/NB)

  5. 5 CFR 831.301 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Military service. 831.301 Section 831... Credit for Service § 831.301 Military service. (a) Service of an individual...The employee or Member is not receiving military retired pay awarded for reasons...

  6. 5 CFR 842.306 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Military service. 842.306 Section 842... Credit for Service § 842.306 Military service. (a) Except as provided...of 1986, an employee's or Member's military service is creditable if it was...

  7. 5 CFR 831.301 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Military service. 831.301 Section 831... Credit for Service § 831.301 Military service. (a) Service of an individual...The employee or Member is not receiving military retired pay awarded for reasons...

  8. OPTIMIZING MILITARY AIRLIFT STEVEN F. BAKER

    E-print Network

    Morton, David

    OPTIMIZING MILITARY AIRLIFT STEVEN F. BAKER Department of Management, U.S. Air Force Academy, USAF-scale military deployment, including aerial refueling, tactical (intracontinental) aircraft shuttles of airfields. In a large-scale military deployment, massive amounts of equipment and large numbers of personnel

  9. University of Utah REQUEST FOR MILITARY LEAVE

    E-print Network

    Provancher, William

    1/07 University of Utah REQUEST FOR MILITARY LEAVE Employee Information Name: Empl ID #: Home Address: City: ST: ZIP: Email Address: Phone: Type of Military Leave Dates of Leave Annual Reservist Training Military Duty Begin Date Expected End Date _____/_____/_____ _____/_____/_____ Certification

  10. 5 CFR 842.306 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Military service. 842.306 Section 842... Credit for Service § 842.306 Military service. (a) Except as provided...of 1986, an employee's or Member's military service is creditable if it was...

  11. 5 CFR 842.306 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Military service. 842.306 Section 842... Credit for Service § 842.306 Military service. (a) Except as provided...of 1986, an employee's or Member's military service is creditable if it was...

  12. 31 CFR 29.333 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Military service. 29.333 Section 29.333...PROGRAMS Split Benefits § 29.333 Military service. (a) For employees who...on or before June 30, 1997, and whose military service was performed prior to that...

  13. 31 CFR 29.333 - Military service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Military service. 29.333 Section 29.333...Satisfied by June 30, 1997 § 29.333 Military service. (a) For employees who...on or before June 30, 1997, and whose military service was performed prior to that...

  14. Native Americans in Utah

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Albion Middle School Library--Mrs. Bates

    2006-10-10

    This activity will help you learn about some of the early Native American inhabitants of Utah. Look at the following websites and see if you can find some information about one of the following groups of Native Americans in Utah. History of Utah Tribes Goshute Goshute Indians Utah History To Go: Goshute Indians Goshute Indian Reservation Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Navajo People of the Colorado Plateau: Navajo (Dine) History of the Navajo Indians of Utah Navajo Navajo Indians Paiute Paiute Indians of Utah Paiute Native American Desert Peoples: The Paiute People Paiute Indians of Utah Utah History To Go--Piaute Indians Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Shoshone Shoshone History of the Shoshone Indians Shoshoni Lewis and Clark: Native Americans--Shoshone Indians Ute Utah History To Go: Ute Indians People of the Colorado Plateau: The Ute Indians Story of the Ute Tribe Northern Ute Indian History Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes ...

  15. US Military Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Training Programs and Careers of Military Child Psychiatrists.

    PubMed

    Weston, Christina G; Dougherty, Joseph G; Nelson, Suzie C; Baker, Matthew J; Chow, Jennifer C

    2015-08-01

    Military child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) fellowship programs offer educational experiences universal to all civilian training programs in the USA. They also offer unique training opportunities not found in civilian CAP fellowships in order to prepare graduates to serve the needs of military families. Military-specific curricula and exposures prepare trainees to address various issues faced by military families, in contending with frequent military moves, parental deployments, and disrupted social ties. Curricula are also designed to provide the psychiatrist with a greater understanding of the rigors of military service. CAP training and subsequent assignments prepare military psychiatrists for diverse career paths in the military environment. CAP military careers often include duties in addition to treating patients. Administrative roles, academic teaching positions, as well as school consultation positions are all career options available to military CAP. PMID:25804354

  16. 3 CFR 8990 - Proclamation 8990 of May 31, 2013. National Caribbean-American Heritage Month, 2013

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Through every chapter of our Nation's history, Caribbean Americans have made our country...reshaping our politics and reigniting the arts, spurring our movements and answering...encourage all Americans to celebrate the history and culture of Caribbean Americans...

  17. American Family Immigration History Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The site has been deluged since the moment it went live in 2001, and users may very likely find it difficult to access. Those lucky enough to get through will find a searchable database that contains records on the 22 million passengers and ship crew members who passed through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924. In addition to a basic passenger record (name, ethnicity, place of residence, age, marital status, ship of travel, etc.), users can also view a copy of the original ship manifest (a text version is also available), and even a picture of the ship travelled on! Free registration is required to use the database and a paid membership to use some of the other features at the site, such as creating a public scrapbook (these will be available for free viewing). Easy to use (I found my grandfather-in-law in just a few minutes), this site is an essential resource for genealogy research online, especially once its server capacity improves.

  18. Integrating Geography into American History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Stephen J.

    2007-01-01

    Geography faces stiff curricular competition from the continuing emphasis of policy makers on the three R's and science. In many places, this competition seems to have squeezed out any systematic attention to geography or the other social studies, particularly in elementary school. What's more, it doesn't look like things are going to turn around…

  19. Course Syllabus: American Environmental History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koppes, Clayton R.

    1988-01-01

    Focuses on the intellectual and political forces that have influenced man's relationship with the environment. Discusses why the use of the environment has occurred as it has, and who benefited from these choices. Concludes with a look at global deforestation. Includes daily assignments and readings. (MVL)

  20. American Museum of Natural History

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the Museum Margaret Mead Film Festival Science Topics Climate Change Cosmology Dinosaur Discoveries Food Theodore Roosevelt Whales Explore ... research, and collections. START EXPLORING Science topics On climate change, cosmology, Darwin, dinosaurs, and more. VIEW TOPICS Become ...

  1. The History of Lodging

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Part of the American Hotel and Lodging Association�s website, the History of Lodging is among the fun, informative tools provided by the association. The History of Lodging highlights major changes in the hotel industry throughout the 20th century and into the modern years. Another tool, the Lodging Industry Profile, provides hospitality students and the general public alike with factual information about the hospitality and hotel industry. For instance, �travelers in the U.S. spend� $16,000 a second.� To find other great information and statistics, the American Hotel and Lodging Association is a great starting point.

  2. Growth of an American Invention: A Documentary History of the Junior and Community College Movement. Contributions to the Study of Education, Number 16.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diener, Thomas

    Selected documents representing major stages and issues in the development of the American community college are presented in this compilation in a largely chronological format. First, an introductory essay traces the development of the American two-year college, looking at the social forces which led to the establishment of the first junior…

  3. Putting teachers-to-be in the field and the lab: Hands-on research at the American Museum of Natural History

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nadeau, P. A.; Ebel, D. S.; Harlow, G. E.; Landman, N. H.; Pagnotta, A.; Sessa, J.; Shara, M.; Ustunisik, G. K.; Webster, J. D.; Blair, D.; Shumer, M.

    2013-12-01

    The American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) is halfway through a pilot program designed to prepare Earth Science teachers for grades 7-12 in high-needs schools in New York. The program was implemented to address a critical shortage of qualified Earth Science teachers throughout the state as well as to reach student populations that traditionally have limited science exposure and hands-on learning opportunities. This Master of Arts in Teaching is unique amongst teacher preparation programs, not only in that it is housed at a world-class research museum and places the teacher candidates in a year-long teaching residency, but also in that it accepts only students with a strong background in Earth Science via a degree in geology, meteorology, oceanography, astronomy, or a related discipline. Following a year of graduate courses in science and pedagogy, as well as teaching residencies, and only months before embarking on teaching career, candidates begin a seven-week science practicum. This exercise combines field and lab work under the tutelage of AMNH science curators and postdoctoral research fellows to provide experience with the scientific process, from field work and data collection to interpretation and public presentation of results. In the science practicum, teaching candidates begin by selecting one of four topics on which to focus their research: astrophysics, experimental petrology, mineralogy, or paleontology. An introduction to lab materials, techniques, and instrumentation is followed by two weeks in the field, both upstate and in New York City, where rocks of all types are encountered and discussed. Nights are devoted to astronomical observing and data collection to supplement the geology-oriented daytime sessions. Following the trips, candidates are back at AMNH analyzing data and samples in preparation for a short, scientific-style manuscript and presentation of results in an AGU-style talk. Three research groups have already discovered potentially publishable results from candidate-oriented lab work. Here we report on the practicum experiences of the first cohort of teacher candidates. Teacher preparation programs such as this will be increasingly valuable in coming years as a result of the recently released national Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). These new standards shift emphasis from students memorizing scientific content to understanding the practice of science. While NGSS have not yet been adopted in New York State, they likely will be in the near future, making this program at AMNH highly relevant to the current state of science education in the United States.

  4. Chronic pain management in the active-duty military

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jamison, David; Cohen, Steven P.

    2012-06-01

    As in the general population, chronic pain is a prevalent and burdensome affliction in active-duty military personnel. Painful conditions in military members can be categorized broadly in terms of whether they arise directly from combat injuries (gunshot, fragmentation wound, blast impact) or whether they result from non-combat injuries (sprains, herniated discs, motor vehicle accidents). Both combat-related and non-combat-related causes of pain can further be classified as either acute or chronic. Here we discuss the state of pain management as it relates to the military population in both deployed and non-deployed settings. The term non-battle injury (NBI) is commonly used to refer to those conditions not directly associated with the combat actions of war. In the history of warfare, NBI have far outstripped battle-related injuries in terms not only of morbidity, but also mortality. It was not until improvements in health care and field medicine were applied in World War I that battle-related deaths finally outnumbered those attributed to disease and pestilence. However, NBI have been the leading cause of morbidity and hospital admission in every major conflict since the Korean War. Pain remains a leading cause of presentation to military medical facilities, both in and out of theater. The absence of pain services is associated with a low return-to-duty rate among the deployed population. The most common pain complaints involve the low-back and neck, and studies have suggested that earlier treatment is associated with more significant improvement and a higher return to duty rate. It is recognized that military medicine is often at the forefront of medical innovation, and that many fields of medicine have reaped benefit from the conduct of war.

  5. Military display market: update to fourth comprehensive edition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Byrd, James C.; Hopper, Darrel G.

    2009-05-01

    The military display market is analyzed in terms of all fully electronic and many electro-mechanical displays used on combat platforms across all DOD Services. The military market for displays is defined by parameters such as active area, bezel-to-bezel measurement and technology. Other characteristics such as luminance, contrast ratio, gray levels, resolution, viewing angle, color, video capability, and night vision imaging system compatibility are noted. This study takes into account all displays that are either installed or funded for installation. In some cases, planned displays are also included. Display sizes having aggregate defense applications of 5,000 units or greater and having DOD applications across 10 or more platform fleets, are tabulated. The issue of size commonality is addressed where distribution of active area across platform fleets, individually, in groups of two through nine, and ten or more, is illustrated. Military displays are also analyzed by technology, where total quantities of such displays are broken out into CRT, LCD, AMLCD, EM, LED, Incandescent, Plasma and TFEL percentages. Custom, versus rugged commercial, versus commercial off-the-shelf designs are contrasted. High and low information content designs are identified. Displays for several high-profile military programs are discussed, to include both technical specifications and program history. This defense-wide study, an up-date to our paper delivered April 2006, documents 642 weapons system platforms comprising 1,194,199 displays in 1,217 sizes, of which 1,197 are direct-view and 20 are virtual-view. Defense display sizes range from 0.082 in..2 to 10,625 in.2 in 18 technologies, mostly flat panel display (FPD) technologies based on thin-film transistor active matrix liquid crystal displays (TFT AM LCD), with cathode ray tube (CRT) second and dropping rapidly. This paper provides an overview of the DOD display market, allowing government, academia and industry highlights of information provided in the "Military Display Market: Fifth Comprehensive Edition" technical report.

  6. Art History The School of Humanities

    E-print Network

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, PhD The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American, Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history. The major in art history is structured to expose students to the chronological, geographical, and methodological

  7. American Oyster

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This site includes information on the anatomy and life history of the American or Atlantic oyster, Crassostrea virginica, also known in the Chesapeake Bay region as the native oyster. Access information on the oyster's background, habitat, life cycle, threats, and restoration efforts. Site links to external information including survey and stock assessment, oyster disease research, and oyster anatomy. Also access oyster publications, status and trends, and a wealth of data sets.

  8. American museum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fellowships in Earth sciences will be offered for 1990 by the Department of Mineral Sciences of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. Postdoctoral awards support independent work at the museum and are not limited to recent Ph.D.s. Research areas are meteoritics, mineral deposits, mineralogy and petrology. Predoctoral student opportunities range from Earth sciences programs at Columbia University to summer internships at the museum.

  9. The American Montessori Society, Inc.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donahue, Gilbert E.

    2010-01-01

    This article offers a brief history of the establishment of the American Montessori Society (AMS) and takes a closer look at its structure. The history of AMS has essentially been a search for standards and a search for community in its efforts to further the welfare of children in America. It has been an indigenous effort by American parents, and…

  10. Position Paper: New Standards and Enhanced Utility for Family Health History Information in the Electronic Health Record: An Update from the American Health Information Community's Family Health History Multi-Stakeholder Workgroup

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Gregory Feero; Mary Beth Bigley; Kristin M. Brinner

    2008-01-01

    Family health history is a complex, multifaceted tool for assessing disease risk that can offer insight into the interplay between inherited and social factors relevant to patient care. Family health history tools in electronic health records can enable the user to collect, represent, and interpret structured data that properly supports clinical decisions. If these data can be made interoperable, important

  11. Thanksgiving History

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Located at the Plimoth Plantation Web site, this collection of material related to the First Thanksgiving will be of great interest to those seeking to learn more about the facts and myths surrounding this famous event in American history. While most of the factual information about this meal comes from first-hand accounts written by William Bradford and Edward Winslow, these accounts are best understood by also studying household traditions, cooking techniques, and religious practices. The site consists primarily of brief essays that elucidate these various nuances of this legendary meal, including pieces on who exactly was in attendance at the 1621 First Thanksgiving, first-hand accounts about the meal, the bill of fare at the meal, and a piece that dispels the popular myth that popcorn was served at this meal. Perhaps the best part of the site are the modern recipe equivalents for the dishes served at the First Thanksgiving, including roast fowl, seethed cod, and hominy pudding.

  12. Patriotism in American Overseas Schools: What Ought to Be Taught

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiles, Dean

    2006-01-01

    Thousands of U.S. citizens live abroad in communities whose mission is to support the nation's military and diplomatic corps. Many members of these overseas communities are deployed for many months at a time in support of U.S. military missions, and many of those so deployed will be parents of students in American overseas schools. Under these…

  13. The Military Assistance Training Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ernest W. Lefever

    1976-01-01

    The Military Assistance Training Program has been and is a low-cost, low-risk foreign policy instrument that has served the United States interest in interstate stability and has provided a valuable channel of communication and in fluence with a significant elite, especially in the Third World. In the past 25 years, the program has reached over 450,000 officers and men from

  14. DOD Dictionary of Military Terms

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Defense Technical Information Center (U.S.)

    The US Department of Defense Defense Technical Information Center provides this handy dictionary, derived from Joint Publication 1-02, "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms." Users can browse the dictionary alphabetically or search it. Definitions are terse but clear. Cross references are provided but, unfortunately, not hyperlinked at this time. The dictionary also contains both terms and acronyms & abbreviations. The latter two can be browsed or searched separately from a link on the dictionary page.

  15. Military Applications of Reserve Batteries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. G. Ritchie

    1996-01-01

    Reserve batteries are batteries which do not give power until activated. They have a long storage life and high power capabilities which makes them useful for numerous military applications. Designs of reserve batteries include those based on movement of electrolyte (sea water, energizers and reserve silver-zinc or lithium-thionyl chloride) and thermal batteries, which are high-temperature batteries activated by heating using

  16. On "American Philosophy" Today

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kegley, Charles W.

    1976-01-01

    In this article, the author asked, "Is there such a thing as American philosophy and why do some give a negative answer?," discussed examples of American philosophy from its history, and commented on its status and prospects in view of two dominant philosophical movements. (Author/RK)

  17. An American Indian Anthology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tvedten, Benet, Comp.

    The anthology is intended to be a discovery for the many Americans whose superficial knowledge of the American Indians has been derived from history books, Hollywood films, and other stereotyped views of the Indian culture. Understanding and appreciation of a particular culture can be found in the stories and poetry of the people. This small…

  18. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January 1938 GENERAL VIEW FROM STREET - SOUTHWEST - Ballantyne Robinson House, Military Plaza (141 South Fifth Avenue), Tucson, Pima County, AZ

  19. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Historic American Buildings Survey Frederick A. Eastman, Photographer January 1938 VIEW OF WEST FACADE FROM STREET (FRONT) - Ballantyne Robinson House, Military Plaza (141 South Fifth Avenue), Tucson, Pima County, AZ

  20. A BRIEF HISTORY OF US MILITARY VETERANS AT

    E-print Network

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    , and staff have been members of our Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Navy. This booklet is a brief overview of some of those men and women of the Penn community who have served and defended our