Note: This page contains sample records for the topic american military history from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Teaching About the Military in American History: A History Institute for Teachers. Footnotes. Volume 12, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On March 24-25, 2007 FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 23 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about the Military in U.S. history. The Institute was held at and co-sponsored by the Cantigny First Division Museum. Sessions included: (1) War and the Military in American

Kuehner, Trudy

2007-01-01

2

Documents in Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).

3

Why Military History?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in military history is as strong as it has ever been--except on American college campuses. Lt. Gen. Josiah Bunting III examines why today's undergraduates need to study the facts of war, and why knowing its causes and consequences remain a vital part of our common knowledge.

Bunting, Josiah, III

2008-01-01

4

Jewish Culture and the American Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study explores the Jewish experience within the American military. The history of military service by persons of the Jewish faith corresponds roughly to that of persons from many other ethnic or religious groups: military service has been a patriotic...

A. M. Goldberg

2006-01-01

5

The American Military and the Far East.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This highly selective bibliography was prepared for use at the Ninth Military History Symposium on 'The American Military and the Far East' held at the United States Air Force Academy, 1-3 October 1980. The resources cited were selected to try and show ba...

M. A. Robinson

1980-01-01

6

Finding Dennis Hart Mahan: The Professor's Place in Military History.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper seeks to ascertain the 'place' of Dennis Hart Mahan, professor at the United States Military Academy from 1832-1871, within American military history. The research for this paper commenced with a premise that Mahan has a pervasive influence upo...

I. Hope

2008-01-01

7

Reexamining some management lessons from military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

2009-01-01

8

Vignettes of Military History. Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication, 'Vignettes of Military History,' is the compendium of a series of individual papers started in 1974, which were published by the staff of the Military History Research Collection. The intent of the series is to show brief glimpses of the...

R. J. Sommers

1976-01-01

9

Singing American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how to use music when teaching U.S. History. Provides examples such as teaching about the Civil War, the Great Depression, and the Vietnam War and showing the contributions of African Americans. Includes a discography. (CMK)

Nielsen, Fred

2001-01-01

10

Attitudes of American Youth Concerning Military and Civilian Jobs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared attitudes toward military and civilian jobs among adolescents (n=306). African Americans and Hispanics, but not Asian Americans, had more favorable attitude toward military service than did whites; males viewed military service more favorably than did females. Respondents saw military service as patriotic and providing leadership…

Bartling, Carl A.; Eisenman, Russell

1992-01-01

11

Civilian Control and the American Military: Myths and Realities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines civilian control of the American military. It shows that a phobia about losing civilian control of the military establishment has been caused by the misinterpretation of two historical experiences, namely: the American experience of c...

J. B. Hamilton

1987-01-01

12

War on Film: Military History Education. Video Tapes, Motion Pictures, and Related Audiovisual Aids.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography is a listing of selected, unclassified government and commercially produced motion picture films, videotapes and related audiovisual materials that support the teaching of American military history. It is designed to serve as a resource ...

F. A. Eiserman

1987-01-01

13

Redefining American Literary History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of essays which provide starting points for a redefinition of American literary history based on a multiethnic and multiracial, rather than European, theory of culture. After an introduction by the editors, essays in the book are: "The Literatures of America: A Comparative Discipline" (Paul Lauter); "Defining the Canon"…

Ruoff, A. LaVonne Brown, Ed.; Ward, Jerry W., Jr., Ed.

14

Transformation in Russian and Soviet Military History: Proceedings of the Military History Symposium (12th) Held in Washington, D.C. on 1-3 October 1986.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial contents include: The Twenty-ninth Harmon Memorial Lecture in Military History; The Military Legacy of Imperial Russia: History and the Environment; Soviet Military Doctrine; Fighting the Great Patriotic War; Emergence of a Military Superpower: Pu...

C. W. Reddel

1990-01-01

15

The Zoot Suit Riots: Exploring Social Issues in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zoot Suit Riots provide students with a case study of social unrest in American history. The influx of Latinos into the Los Angeles area prior to World War II created high levels of social unrest between Mexican Americans, military servicemen, and local residences. With large numbers of soldiers stationed in the area during the Second World…

Chiodo, John J.

2013-01-01

16

Military History for Fun and Profit: The History of War and Military Establishments in the Liberal Arts Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the history of war and military establishments is often neglected in the college liberal arts curriculum, it can be relevant to students and should be offered by history departments. Military history can give liberal arts students a rudimentary understanding of the nature, evolution, and impact of war and familiarize them with some of the…

Mills, James Cobb, Jr.

17

History of American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"History of American Higher Education" documents the fascinating evolution of American colleges and universities, touching on the historical events that shaped them, from the colonial era through the early twenty-first century. Throughout history, higher education has played an important role in the transmission of cultural identity from one…

McCarthy, Margaret Cain

2011-01-01

18

Six American Histories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Histories of Blacks, Czechs, Germans, Jews, Mexicans, and Poles are provided in this resource guide. The histories are intended as a major background resource to help instructional staff members of the 45 school systems in Education Service Center, Region II, Corpus Christi, Texas, integrate ethnic heritage studies materials into classroom…

Wead, Margaret

19

American Educational History Journal, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2001 annual publication contains 31 articles on topics germane to the history of education. Each year, this journal publishes papers presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest History of Education Society. After the "Introduction" (R. J. Taggart) articles in this year's issue are: "Origins of the American Federation of Teachers: Issues…

Watras, Joseph, Ed.

2001-01-01

20

Teaching American History. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Best practice in teaching American History is a two-pronged approach: a high quality curriculum with highly engaging instruction. Muir (2001) showed that good learning experiences: create strong relationships; involve hands-on, active work; adjust for differences in learning styles; make learning interesting; allow students choices; make…

Muir, Mike

2004-01-01

21

African American Alumni Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Digital Collections has tackled everything from Golda Meir to historic street maps in its quest to offer a diverse and wonderful view of the city's rich history. This particular collection brings together a clutch of oral histories that celebrate the African American experience at the institution. Visitors can look over a panel discussion with a range of recent alums titled, "African American Alumni and Students: Stories of Education and Success." Moving on, visitors can hear Clayborn Benson talk about his long career as a photojournalist or watch and listen to G. Spencer Coggs, who has been a prominent member of the Democratic Political Party in Wisconsin for many years. This is quite a trove of first-hand memories and a great tribute to the cityâÂÂs oral traditions.

22

Military Capabilities and American Foreign Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can the availability of a rapid response capability lead the United States to intervene militarily in situations where, without those ready forces, the U.S. government would decide that military intervention was not required? Secretary of Defense McNamara said no; Senator Richard Russell said yes. After examining the basic approaches to weapons selection that led McNamara and Russell to opposite conclusions,

Graham T. Allison

1973-01-01

23

Talking about War: Reflections on Doing Oral History and Military History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflects on the use of oral history in the author's scholarship on World War I and the peacetime U.S. army. Discusses the availability of accounts with veterans through oral history and provides a list of oral history sources of the military services. (CMK)

Coffman, Edward M.

2000-01-01

24

God in American Literary History: Changing Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

American literary history was transformed in the 1980s by the application of critical theory, which called into question the terms American, literary, and history from a secular, historicist perspective. What are the implications if this secular perspective for students with religious beliefs? In order for students to fully understand and appreciate American literature and be prepared to confront a world

Stephen L. Tanner; Ralph A. Britsch

25

History of American Education Web Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Professor Robert N. Barger at Notre Dame, this site offers an online history of American education from the Puritans to the present. Separate sections focus on European Influences on American Educational History, the Colonial Period of American Education, the Early National Period of American Education (ca. 1776-1840), the Common School Period of American Education (ca. 1840-1880), the Progressive Period of American Education, and the Modern Period of American Education (ca. 1920-present). Each section offers brief scholarly essays on relevant topics as well as images and texts from the period discussed.

26

National Museum of American History Branch Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subject concentration in the National Museum of American History Branch Library, a part of Smithsonian Institution Libraries system, is in the history of science and technology and American history, with emphasis on material culture and on documenting and servicing the museum's collections. Special collections include trade literature and…

Ratner, Rhoda S.

1986-01-01

27

A spacefaring nation - Perspectives on American space history and policy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present volume on perspectives on American space history and policy discusses decision-making, space science and scientific communities, postwar aeronautical research in the federal laboratory, and civilian and military remote sensing and reconnaissance. Attention is given to the interpenetration of science, technology, and politics; space 'sociology'; and space technology and planetary science from 1950 to 1985. Other topics addressed include the aeronautics infrastructure as it applies to aeronautics history, the Lewis Research Center and its transition to space, the relationship between NASA and the users of earth resources data, and methodology for researching a classified system for space reconnaissance.

Collins, Martin J. (editor); Fries, Sylvia D. (editor)

1991-01-01

28

Teaching American History Evaluation: Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, Congress established the Teaching American History (TAH) program, which seeks to improve student achievement by improving teachers' knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of traditional American history as a separate subject within the core curriculum. Under this program, grants are awarded to local education agencies (LEAs), which…

Weinstock, Phyllis; Tseng, Fannie; Humphrey, Daniel; Gillespie, Marilyn; Yee, Kaily

2011-01-01

29

Crossroads: A K-16 American History Curriculum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), this site is the product of a grant from the Fund for the Improvement and Reform of Schools and Teaching (FIRST) of the US Department of Education, with the goal of developing a seamless K-16 curriculum in American history. The curriculum, called Crossroads, is composed of 36 units (chronologically organized into twelve historical periods), equally distributed between elementary, middle, and high school grade levels. The site also features course syllabii for pre-service social studies educators on the subjects of American history and history education and a twelve-part bibliographic essay on textual sources for American history.

30

American Association for the History of Nursing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for the History of Nursing (AAHN) website provides a wealth of resources -- such as online exhibits and subject bibliographies -- for persons interested in the history of nursing. The site also offers an annotated Internet link index to resources on nursing history. Overall, the AAHN website is a good resource for persons interested in medical history, as well as for nursing students taking courses on their professionâÂÂs history.

2007-02-22

31

Active Learning in American History Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the activities of a high school class that discovered the joy of history through experiential learning. Students learned traditional military tactics for their unit on the French and Indian Wars, and tried to apply them to a nearby woods. Includes similar activities for other historic periods. (MJP)

Brill, Janice

1996-01-01

32

History of American Agriculture 1776-1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This poster presents a detailed report on the history of American agriculture 1776-1990. Topics are: Economic Cycles; Farm Economy; Farmers and the Land; Farm Machinery and Technology; Crops and Livestock; Transportation; Agricultural Trade and Developmen...

1993-01-01

33

The American comic book: A cultural history  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a cultural history of American comic books. It explores how political, international, economic, social, and ideological changes have shaped the products of the comic-book industry from the 1930s to the 1990s. With their consistent presence on the fringes of the American entertainment industry, comic books have historically been a filter and repository for values from below. Fashioned for

Bradford Walker Wright

1998-01-01

34

A Documentary History of the Mexican Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A documentary history of the Mexican Americans from 1536 to 1970 is presented in this book consisting of 65 documents arranged chronologically and divided into 5 main chapters that deal with the periods of (1) the Spanish rule, (2) Mexico's rule over the Southwest, (3) the Anglo American take-over of the Southwest and its integration into the…

Moquin, Wayne, Ed.; Van Doren, Charles, Ed.

35

A review of recent American military space operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States (US) Department of Defense (DOD) has launched a large number of satellites into Earth orbit during the past five and a half years. These range from highly classified signals intelligence and imaging satellites to more mundane scientific and experimental microsats. This period saw a dramatic overhaul in operations due to the Challenger and other launch disasters. Many of these resources were used during the war in the Persian Gulf, which highlighted some of the limitations of current systems. A significant amount of new information has emerged in recent years due to the changing political situation, leading to this general overview of American military satellite programs during this period using unclassified and declassified sources as well as informed specculation. It is primarily a review of space operations and technical developments rather than the policy and doctrine that drives them.

Day, Dwayne A.

1993-12-01

36

Reconstructing Native American Population History  

PubMed Central

The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved1–5. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred via a single6–8 or multiple streams of migration from Siberia9–15. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly understood. To address these questions at higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups genotyped at 364,470 single nucleotide polymorphisms. We show that Native Americans descend from at least three streams of Asian gene flow. Most descend entirely from a single ancestral population that we call “First American”. However, speakers of Eskimo-Aleut languages from the Arctic inherit almost half their ancestry from a second stream of Asian gene flow, and the Na-Dene-speaking Chipewyan from Canada inherit roughly one-tenth of their ancestry from a third stream. We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. A major exception is in Chibchan-speakers on both sides of the Panama Isthmus, who have ancestry from both North and South America.

Reich, David; Patterson, Nick; Campbell, Desmond; Tandon, Arti; Mazieres, Stephane; Ray, Nicolas; Parra, Maria V.; Rojas, Winston; Duque, Constanza; Mesa, Natalia; Garcia, Luis F.; Triana, Omar; Blair, Silvia; Maestre, Amanda; Dib, Juan C.; Bravi, Claudio M.; Bailliet, Graciela; Corach, Daniel; Hunemeier, Tabita; Bortolini, Maria-Catira; Salzano, Francisco M.; Petzl-Erler, Maria Luiza; Acuna-Alonzo, Victor; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Tusie-Luna, Teresa; Riba, Laura; Rodriguez-Cruz, Maricela; Lopez-Alarcon, Mardia; Coral-Vazquez, Ramon; Canto-Cetina, Thelma; Silva-Zolezzi, Irma; Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos; Contreras, Alejandra V.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo; Gomez-Vazquez, Maria Jose; Molina, Julio; Carracedo, Angel; Salas, Antonio; Gallo, Carla; Poletti, Giovanni; Witonsky, David B.; Alkorta-Aranburu, Gorka; Sukernik, Rem I.; Osipova, Ludmila; Fedorova, Sardana; Vasquez, Rene; Villena, Mercedes; Moreau, Claudia; Barrantes, Ramiro; Pauls, David; Excoffier, Laurent; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rothhammer, Francisco; Dugoujon, Jean Michel; Larrouy, Georges; Klitz, William; Labuda, Damian; Kidd, Judith; Kidd, Kenneth; Rienzo, Anna Di; Freimer, Nelson B.; Price, Alkes L.; Ruiz-Linares, Andres

2013-01-01

37

A Literary History of the American West  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Western Literature Association, Texas Christian University Press posts the complete text of A Literary History of the American West -- a 1,300+-page compendium of scholarly articles on the literature of the American West and Midwest. The volume is divided into three sections discussing the encounter with the frontier, the settlement of the West, and the "re-discovery" of the West in terms of its ethnic peoples and identifications. Though published in 1987 and no longer in print, this online text still serves as a valuable critical resource in literary regional history. Articles are available for individual download in both HTML and .pdf formats.

38

Nature Transformed: The Environment in American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Humanities Center has recently added a second guide to its TeacherServe site (originally reviewed in the November 7, 1997 Scout Report). Nature Transformed: The Environment in American History contains a number of essays specifically tailored to classroom use. These are organized in three thematic sections: Native Americans and the Land, Wilderness and American Identity, and The Use of the Land. Each essay also features a section on guiding student discussion, a brief overview of the relevant historiographical debates, and links to related online resources.

2001-01-01

39

Discovering American Women's History Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at Middle Tennessee State University, this valuable database gives interested parties access to digital collections of primary sources (photos, letters, diaries, and so on) that document the history of women in the United States. Visitors can browse the database by subject, place, time period, or primary source type. There are many fascinating resources and links here, including letters from Abigail Franks to her son from the 1730s and 1740s and Katrina Thomas' wonderfully evocative photographs of various ethnic weddings. Even a close appraisal of items listed by primary source is delightful, as the headings here include everything from broadsides to buttons to trade cards. One particularly noteworthy collection contains the papers of the late Irene Kuhn, who was a global traveler, journalist, and social commentator.

Middleton, Ken, 1964-

40

Situational or Personal: Interest in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of the study was to investigate how individuals with a stated interest in American history described their interest. Understanding interest and the factors influencing interest development in a particular content is important as personal interest has been described as "having a critical role in the learning and development of both…

Stewart, Victoria Caterina

2010-01-01

41

The Newspaper in the American History Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher guide contains 14 sample lesson plans based on issues faced throughout American history and still being headlined in today's newspaper. The lesson plans include exploration and National Pride, Jefferson and Hamilton, Checks and Balances, Supply and Demand, Presidential Impeachment, Voting Rights, Historical Analogies, Predictions and…

Newton, Richard F.; Sprague, Peter F.

42

2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex, Dr. Julian M. Earls (left), deputy director for Operations, Glenn Research Center, receives a plaque from astronaut Joan Higginbotham (right) during the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon. Dr. Earls was guest speaker at the luncheon.

2000-01-01

43

2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex, the planning committee for the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon gather in the lobby. At the far left is Mack McKinney, chief, Programs Resources Management, who was chairperson for the event.

2000-01-01

44

2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mack McKinney (left), chief, Programs Resources Management, and Delores Abraham (right), with the Astronaut office, flank one of the posters decorating the Early Space Exploration Conference Center at the KSC Visitor Complex for the 2000 African American History Month Celebration Luncheon. McKinney is chairperson for the event.

2000-01-01

45

National Museum of American Jewish History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1976, the National Museum of American Jewish History (NMAJH) moved into a new building on Independence Mall in Philadelphia in 2010. Over its history, the NMAJH has explored American Jewish identity through "lectures, panel discussions, authors' talks, films, children's activities, theater, and music." On the web site, visitors can learn about exhibitions, education outreach programs, and collections. In the Collections area, visitors can make their way through original and wonderful items that tell the story of the American Jewish experience through art, immigration, childhood, and sports. Moving on, the Programs area has wonderful information on upcoming lectures, musical performances and discussion groups. The site is rounded out by a link to the museum's pressroom and adult education programs.

46

Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As one might expect, the University of Oklahoma has a tremendous amount of material related to the history of the American West. One particularly noteworthy collection in their holdings is the Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History. The digital version of this collection provides historians and others with access to hundreds of interview transcripts from the period 1967 to 1972. These interviews were conducted with Indians across Oklahoma regarding the cultures and histories of their different nations and tribes. Visitors can read these documents for insights into customs, social conditions, philosophies, and ceremonies. Begin by browsing through an alphabetical list of all the interviews, or visitors may also wish to perform a full-text search across all the transcripts.

47

Other Clash of Civilizations: Samuel Huntington and American Civil Military Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work examines three American civil-military relationships using two frameworks presented by Huntington. Huntington s frames illustrate more clearly how the relationships in these three presidential administrations Wilson, Truman, and Johnson function...

B. J. Dodd

2012-01-01

48

Bernard Gert's Theory of Moral Rules and American Professional Military Ethics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This dissertation presents a prima facie case for the usefulness of applying Bernard Gert's theory of moral rules to American professional military ethics. Gert's moral theoretical goal is to describe the common moral system that all moral agents implicit...

M. W. Hallgarth

2003-01-01

49

Native American Historic Context for the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Military Academy (USMA) is required by Federal laws, Executive Orders, and implementing regulations to conduct consultations with Native American tribes under specific circumstances. This historic context was prepared to support the prep...

D. K. Mann

2006-01-01

50

Military History of Modern Egypt from the Ottoman Conquest to the Ramadan War.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Egypt has one of the oldest civilizations and proudest national histories in the world with a tradition of a well-maintained, advanced, and relevant military force. Egypt's military force has achieved victory in some of the most significant campaigns of M...

O. Shams El-Din

2007-01-01

51

75 FR 6081 - National African American History Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...shores, they have known the bitterness of slavery and oppression, the hope of progress, and the triumph of the American Dream. African American history is an essential thread of the American narrative that traces our Nation's enduring...

2010-02-05

52

Presence of the American Troops in Romania: Civil-Military Challenges Beyond a 'Military Relationship'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis analyzes the civil-military relations of the growing U.S. military presence in Romania and the implications of this development for bi-lateral relations beyond the barracks and the maneuver field. By the implementation of the Agreement Between...

V. Simion

2008-01-01

53

The American Indian Perspective in America's History: Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers annotated list of resources for the study of Native American history. Argues that instructors of American history should supplement their courses with sources that offer a fuller picture of the place of American Indians in that history. Lists 40 books, web sites, and newspapers, and includes a Web site of links to Indian radio stations,…

Fox, Mary Jo Tippeconnic; Nicholas, Sheila E.; Nelson, Claudia E.

2003-01-01

54

Representing African American Women in U.S. History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the dearth of African American women in high school U.S. history textbooks. The authors conducted a content analysis of the images in an African American history textbook and found that black women are underrepresented. Women are found in less than 15 percent of the images in the African American history text, while they…

Schocker, Jessica B.; Woyshner, Christine

2013-01-01

55

Military history of patients with inflammatory bowel disease: an epidemiological study among U.S. veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The military history of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) contains types of exposure that are not available through other sources and may provide clues about the as-yet unknown etiology of IBD. We therefore sought to describe the epidemiology of IBD among veterans, with particular emphasis on their military history. Methods: A case-control study compared 10,544 IBD patients and

Fabiola Delcò; Amnon Sonnenberg

1998-01-01

56

American Military and the Media: Historical Lessons and Future Considerations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Media coverage of military operations has been around for centuries, and has evolved as much as the technologies and tactics with which war is fought today. It is also in the early origins of the military-media relationship that one can see the seeds of c...

B. D. Burns

2006-01-01

57

Bad Stories: The American Media-Military Relationship.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1999 air war over Kosovo re-ignited a feud between the military and the news media that is generally believed to have been a permanent undercurrent of media-military relations since the Vietnam War. The events of 11 September 2001 and the subsequent d...

D. Porch

2002-01-01

58

Latin American Business History: Resources and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Starting in December 2007, a team of researchers at the Harvard Business School began interviewing 21 leading business practitioners from Argentina and Chile for their Latin American business history initiative. The hope is that these oral histories will serve as a valuable resource for research on the business history of these two countries since the 1960s. On this site, visitors can listen to the interviews (in Spanish) and also read transcripts in English. Each profile contains a brief biography of each businessperson, along with material on their service to their respective industry. Moving on, visitors can also look through the rest of the Baker Library Historical Collections, which include collection of Brazilian railroad company records and the photographic records of the United Fruit Company.

59

Documenting the American South: Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Telling the history of the American South is a complex process, and this wonderful collection from the University of North Carolina's Southern Oral History Program is an attempt to tell part of that story. This particular website brings together almost 500 oral history interviews collected over a period of many decades, and it has been made possible in part with funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. The collection has six primary themes, including "Charlotte", "Civil Rights", "Southern Politics", and "Piedmont Industrialization". On the homepage, visitors can read a brief summary of each theme, and after looking over each description they can browse around at their leisure or perform a keyword search across the interviews. Visitors shouldn't miss the "Piedmont Industrialization" area, as it provides some remarkable insights into the transformation from traditional industrial production (such as mill work) to agribusiness and financial services in the 20th century.

60

American Association for State and Local History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for State and Local History (AASLH) began in 1940, when the Conference of State and Local History disbanded and a new organization was created. The AASLH is headquartered in Nashville, TN, and provides services, leadership and innovative programs to history organizations large and small. The "National Initiatives" tab at the top of this website contains a link to the "Traveling Exhibits Clearinghouse" which will be of interest to visitors who work in history organizations. The Clearinghouse aims to "give the field of state and local history an easy online resource to advertise and search for traveling exhibits." Also in the National Incentives tab is a link to "Research" on enduring issues in the field of state and local history, such as the cultivation of world cultural heritage, government funding of museums, and the civic mission of schools. Visitors interested in learning about the behind-the-scenes of the Civil War 150 must check out the "Civil War Sesquicentennial" link, under the same tab as the Research link. Also, there are podcasts and a list of websites or contacts for the states involved in the commemoration.

61

Changing Nature of American Democracy Consequences for the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper provides a philosophical and ethical framework to evaluate changes in democracy that affect the relationship between the public and the military profession. Changes in communication technology have allowed the media and public to play a more in...

J. R. Callard

1996-01-01

62

Assessing the Factorial Structure of High School History Teachers' Perceptions on Teaching American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research reported in this paper was to develop a preliminary factorial structure of high school history teachers' perceptions on the most important elements of successful history teaching. The 54-item Teaching American History Perception and Behavior Questionnaire was developed and administered to high school American history

Liu, Yuanlong; Shen, Jianping; Warren, Wilson J.; Cowart, Lynne E.

2006-01-01

63

A Bicentennial Review of the Black Contribution to American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To illustrate the importance of black people in American history, specific individuals are identified who played major roles in the American Revolution, the War of 1812, exploration and pioneering, and science and technology. (AV)

Douglas, Ella D. Lewis

1976-01-01

64

American Museum of Natural History: Science Bulletins  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Going to the American Museum of Natural History is a pretty wonderful experience, but if you can't make it to the Upper West Side of New York on a regular basis, you can still keep in touch via their Science Bulletins. These online video features bring curious visitors the latest developments in the fields of astrophysics, human biology, biodiversity, and evolution. The Bulletins contain additional resource links, educator resources, and a guide designed specifically for science educators to help them incorporate the Bulletins into classroom work. All of the Bulletins are produced through the collaboration of in-house writers, producers, and designers. They are offered here in sections that include "Astro", "Earth", "Bio", and "Human", and visitors are welcome to browse through the full-features, visualizations, and snapshots.

65

The American College of Physicians' Resident Abstract Competition: success of U.S. military trainees.  

PubMed

Research is a central aspect of internal medicine (IM) training, and accreditation organizations require that residency programs show that their residents participate in scholarly activity. To better understand the research productivity and the quality of research conducted by military IM trainees, we reviewed the records of the American College of Physicians' Resident Abstract Competition from 1995 to 1997. This national competition is prestigious, blindly judged, and highly selective. We found that although military residents account for less than 2% of all U.S. and Canadian IM trainees, they author more than 11% of the abstracts selected for presentation (p < 0.001). We conclude that military IM residents are disproportionately represented compared with their civilian peers in an objective, national competitive forum. This is consistent with the higher scores on in-service examinations and higher board-certification pass rates for military IM residents. PMID:10091497

Shorr, A F; Niven, A S; Howard, R S; Phillips, Y Y

1999-03-01

66

The Teaching American History Program: An Introduction and Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teaching American History (TAH) program began in 2001 as a bold new idea: that history content could be delivered directly to United States history teachers through ongoing partnerships with providers of history expertise. The program awards three-year federal education grants for up to $1 million to develop and carry out these professional…

Stein, Alex

2003-01-01

67

PTSD in Military Veterans: History, Evolution, and Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that 30% of men and women who have served in war zones will develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet, it is still a topic that is not fully understood or supported by American civilian culture. PTSD has, historically, been called many things, including malingering, shell shock, and battle fatigue and has greatly evolved as a psychiatric diagnosis.

Christine Albain

2012-01-01

68

The Integration of Spain into Europe and Its Effect on American Military Presence in Spain.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Beginning with the Pact of Madrid in 1953 and continuing with the Agreement for Mutual Cooperation in 1970, Spain and the U.S. moved to a bilateral mutually beneficial relationship. The basic exchange has been American military and economic aid in return ...

G. A. Ruskosky

1975-01-01

69

Where Library History Meets the Future: Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Military Librarians Workshop.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Where Library History Meets the Future is the theme of the 1999 Military Librarians Workshop held in Williamsburg, Virginia; it is hosted by the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command. The theme is selected by the organizers of the conference an...

C. J. Wiley D. L. Knight

2001-01-01

70

American Museum of Natural History: Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website of the Science department at the American Museum of Natural History in New York has some great interactive features, including a video, entitled "Scientific Expeditions 2008". Visitors should click on "See the Video", which is located front and center on the Science homepage. To "download the transcript" click the link above the video. Also, the video is captioned for those who are hearing impaired. The section entitled Science at the Museum: Exploration and Discovery gives a good overview of the Science department at the museum, and the changes it has made over time. The department consists of the following sections, accessible by clicking on the menu on the right hand side of the page: "Anthropology", "Invertebrate Zoology", "Vertebrate Zoology", "Paleontology", and "Physical Sciences". Those persons interested in hearing talks at the museum, will want to click on "AMNH Podcasts", on the right hand side of the page, below the menu. The latest podcast, from May 2009, features author Michael Pollan. There are a number of ways to subscribe to the podcasts, including RSS and iTunes. [KMG]To find this resource and more high-quality online resources in math and science visit Scout's sister site - AMSER, the Applied Math and Science Educational Repository at http://amser.org.

71

Teaching and Learning African American History in a Multiracial Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author explores the challenges of teaching and learning African American history, a history fraught with uncomfortable implications about contemporary race relations and race-based inequalities. Drawing on various theories of anti-oppressive education, and using data from an ethnographic study conducted in one history classroom, the author…

Chikkatur, Anita

2013-01-01

72

The Anacostia Museum & Center for African American History and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in a historically African-American community in the southeast quadrant of Washington, D.C., the Anacostia Museum & Center for African American History and Culture's primary goal is to "explore American history, society, and creative expression from an African American perspective.". Visitors may want to begin by looking through the general information section, especially if they are planning a visit in the near future. There is also a special section dedicated to providing information on current and upcoming exhibits, along with several online exhibits, including one on the contemporary spiritual traditions within the African-American community. Perhaps one of the more interesting parts of the site is the area dedicated to providing history about the actual community of Anacostia where the museum is physically located. In this section, visitors can learn about the various transformations that have affected the community over its long history, and even view educational exercises for use at home or in the classroom.

73

National Museum of American History's OurStory Program: History, Literature, and Civic Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998, the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center launched OurStory: History through Children's Literature, a history and literacy program series for family visitors to the Museum that was designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together. Ten years later, to reach a broader, national…

Coquillon, Naomi; Wei, Jenny

2011-01-01

74

75 FR 52318 - Presidential Academies for American History and Civics Education; Congressional Academies for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Presidential Academies for American History and Civics Education; Congressional Academies for Students of American History and Civics Education AGENCY: Office...Presidential Academies for American History and Civics Education, and 34 CFR...

2010-08-25

75

76 FR 43712 - Notice of Inventory Completion: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...SUMMARY: The American Museum of Natural History has completed an inventory of human remains...contact the American Museum of Natural History. Repatriation of the human remains...

2011-07-21

76

Whole Cloth: Discovering Science and Technology Through American Textile History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) has released three units of an eight-unit interdisciplinary curriculum that examines "the history of textiles, the technology and science of production, and their consumption" for American history or social studies courses in middle and high school. Included among the goals for this curriculum is a "hope that teachers and students will learn more about technology and invention, about American history, and about how women and people of color interacted with technology throughout history." Each unit contains hands-on activities and handouts for students, lesson plans and notes for teachers, glossaries, and bibliographies. The development of this curriculum was supported by the National Science Foundation, the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, and the Center for Children and Technology.

1998-01-01

77

History Descending a Staircase: American Historians and American Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author contends that the vast majority of American historians no longer regard American culture--whether high culture or mainstream popular culture--as an essential area of study. The much-vaunted culture turn in the humanities has run its course in one of the first disciplines it influenced. Indeed, most of the books today…

Pells, Richard

2007-01-01

78

4. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the Old Eagle School, John C. Winston Co., 1909 PHOTOCOPY. - Eagle School, Old Eagle School Road (State Route 543) (Tredyffrin Township), Strafford, Chester County, PA

79

3. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the Old Eagle School, John C. Winston Co., 1909 PHOTOCOPY. - Eagle School, Old Eagle School Road (State Route 543) (Tredyffrin Township), Strafford, Chester County, PA

80

Native American History in a Box: A New Approach to Teaching Native American Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Native American History in a Box curriculum which is designed to introduce elementary and middle-level students to Native American cultures. The curriculum consists of a five day unit addressing the following concepts pertaining to Native American Nations: settlements, tools, sustenance, pottery, and contact with…

Helms, Emory C.; Hitt, Austin M.; Schipper, Jason A.; Jones, Adam M.

2010-01-01

81

Teaching African-American History in the Age of Obama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the author proposed a spring course on major topics in African-American history, drawing a large enrollment was her chief concern. She had previously taught the course under a different title at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, a campus with a sizable African-American presence among students and faculty members. She now teaches…

Millward, Jessica

2009-01-01

82

Holy Economic History of the American Comic Book Industry, Batman!  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since their inception, comic books have served a variety of functions in the American economy. Besides entertainment, comic books have served as valuable collectables , sources of hedonic value, the foundation for a culture of fandom, and the generator of IP for cross-media adaptations and licensed consumer products. The history of the American comic book industry can be understood mainly

Adam Benjamin Schlesinger

2010-01-01

83

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

84

Mexican Americans: A Brief Look at Their History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This short survey begins with a definition of the Mexican American and some of the questions asked by the general public about his culture and aims. It outlines the history of the United States' involvement with Mexico and explains the experience of the Mexican Americans after the end of the Mexican War in 1848. Their ethnic origins and the rich…

Nava, Julian

85

A History of the American Society for Information Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Originally called the American Documentation Institute, over the years the American Society for Information Science (ASIS) has changed its emphasis from documentation to information science. During its 40 year history, the society has incorporated into its membership numerous individuals and agencies whose activities include classification,…

Dierking, Angela Lynn

86

A developmental history of the American Psychology-Law Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Psychology-Law Society, now in its 22nd year, began in 1969 after an, organizational meeting in 1968. It played a role in the creation of Division 41 (Psychology and Law) of the American Psychological Association in 1981. The Division became the American Psychology-Law Society\\/Division 41 with the merger of the two organizations in 1984. The present narrative history of

Thomas Grisso

1991-01-01

87

History of the American West, 1860-1920  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new release from the Library of Congress (LOC) American Memory collection features over 30,000 photographs from the holdings of the Western History and Genealogy Department at Denver Public Library. Taken mostly between 1860 and 1920, the photos document multiple facets of American western history. The collection may be searched by keyword or browsed by subject or name. Special features include exhibits on Native American Women; L.C. McLure and Denver, the City Beautiful; and the 10th Mountain Division, ski and mountain troops trained in Colorado who saw action in Italy.

88

Strangers From a Different Shore. A History of Asian Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book uses personal narratives to illustrate the history of Asian Americans from the arrival of the first Chinese laborers in Hawaii in the nineteenth century to the recent arrival of Southeast Asian refugees in the 1960s. The histories and contributions of the following groups are outlined: (1) Japanese; (2) Chinese; (3) Koreans; (4)…

Takaki, Ronald

89

American History and English Developmental Program. Profiles of Promise 41.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An 11th-grade interdisciplinary course combining English and American history examines United States history from the perspective of nine topics, rather than through the traditional, chronological-survey approach. Discovery learning and independent research are the focus of course method. At the start of the course, students are given nine…

Hawke, Sharryl

90

Revolution and Intervention: U.S.-Cuban Relations in the 20th Century. SSEC American History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit for U.S. history courses examines a number of questions raised by U.S.-Cuban relations beginning with the Spanish-American War of 1898 and ending with the missile crisis 64 years later. These questions are on such topics as the appropriate U.S. stance toward a nationalistic reform movement, a social revolution, and a military build up in…

Tegnell, Geoffrey; Ladenburg, Thomas

91

This Lawless Spirit: Teaching the History of American Protest Music.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the rationale for a new course in the history of American protest music which was offered during 1999 at the College of Mount St. Joseph in Ohio. Noting that the course was team taught by a U.S. history professor and a librarian with expertise in the area, the paper states that the course aimed to survey U.S. history through…

Jenkins, Paul

92

THE JEWS IN AMERICAN HISTORY--A RESOURCE BOOK FOR TEACHERS OF SOCIAL STUDIES AND AMERICAN HISTORY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A RESOURCE BOOK, PROVIDING AMERICAN HISTORY AND SOCIAL STUDIES TEACHERS WITH APPROPRIATE INFORMATION ABOUT THE PAST AND PRESENT OF JEWS IN AMERICA, IS PRESENTED. THE INFORMATION CAN BE USED IN CONNECTION WITH PROGRAMS, UNITS, AND COURSES IN HISTORY AND INTERCULTURAL EDUCATION. THE FIRST SECTION GIVES AN HISTORIC ACCOUNT OF DIFFERENT PERIODS IN…

HARTSTEIN, JACOB I.

93

The American Revolution. An Eyewitness History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the American Revolution officially began in Lexington, Massachusetts, in April 1775, the seeds of rebellion had been sown for decades. The struggle for representation in the British Parliament left many colonists eager to seek out independence. This book provides hundreds of firsthand accounts of the period from diary entries, letters,…

Burg, David F.

94

Music for the injured soldier: a contribution of American women's military bands during World War II.  

PubMed

This study is an investigation of the contributions of women's military bands in the United States to the reconditioning of the injured American troops during World War II. Primary and secondary sources revealed that these bands welcomed home hospital ships, performed for convalescing soldiers in hospitals, and provided music for hospital dances. While each of the bands investigated served in similar capacities, only one, the 403rd Women's Army Corps (WAC) Band, was stationed at a hospital. While entertainment by women's bands was an important part of the Army Reconditioning Program for the injured, the study also revealed a working partnership that developed between these musicians and the medical community. Sixty years after the war, band members believe their performances in hospitals were the most important contribution of their service. Some historians have concluded that music used in military hospitals during the war was the impetus for the music therapy profession. PMID:17645389

Sullivan, Jill M

2007-01-01

95

Bibliography of the History of American Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extensive bibliography by University of Wisconsin-Madison professor emeritus Jurgen Herbst covers the historical literature of American education. It is organized in four sections: General Works, The Colonial Period, From Revolution to Reconstruction, and America in the Urban Age, with each section subdivided into thematic lists of scholarly, historical journals, and government reports. A smattering of the many topics includes Government, The Courts, and Education; Racial Minorities and Education; The Education of Women; Americanization: The Response to Immigration; Youth, the Arts, and Psychoanalysis; Nineteenth Century Pedagogy; and Teachers and Teaching. One might wish for additional features such as annotations and/or the ability to search across these topics, but the scope of this compilation is impressive.

Herbst, Jurgen.

2001-01-01

96

Proceedings of the Conference of the American Journalism Historians Association (Lawrence, Kansas, October 1-3, 1992). Part I: Journalism History before the Twentieth Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contain 18 papers on American journalism history before the 20th century. Papers in the proceedings are: "Military and Press Discord during the Civil War: Foreshadowing of Future Disputes" (Maury M. Breecher); "The Missouri Press Association: A Study of the Beginning Motivations, 1867-1876" (Stephen A. Banning); "The Detroit…

American Journalism Historians' Association.

97

Multicultural American History through Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This integrated teacher resource book presents the instruction of grades 3-6 social studies and history concepts within the context of quality multicultural children's books and picture books. This juxtaposition allows teachers to use children's literature to supplement core textbooks, arouse curiosity, add depth to discussion, and provide…

Ellermeyer, Deborah A.; Chick, Kay A.

98

Evaluation of the Teaching American History Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly 20 years ago, the first national assessment of student achievement in U.S. history yielded disappointing results. Although policy-makers and researchers expressed great concern about the low scores, the federal government did not undertake large-scale efforts to address poor student performance, and few research dollars were dedicated to…

Humphrey, Daniel C.; Chang-Ross, Christopher; Donnelly, Mary Beth; Hersh, Lauren; Skolnik, Heidi

2005-01-01

99

Teaching American History through the Novel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reproducible manual contains over 300 outlines of novels for use by middle-school, junior-high, and senior high school teachers and students of U.S. history and literature. Novel types found in this manual are historical, biographical, classical, and utopian. The book provides an introduction, suggestions on how to use the book, and ideas for…

Bannister, Sharon; Wells, Twyla R.

100

A Brief History of American Drug Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the history of drug control in the United States from the extensive consumption of opium, heroin, and cocaine before World War I to the popularity of marijuana and LSD during the 1960s. Discusses public concern over drug use that seems to peak following periods of widespread drug use that is linked to foreign influences. (DK)

Musto, David F.

1991-01-01

101

KSC kicks off African-American History Month  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mack McKinney, chief, program resources management at NASA and chairperson for African-American History Month, presents a plaque to Bhetty Waldron at the kick-off ceremony of African-American History Month on Feb. 3 at the NASA Training Auditorium. The award was given in thanks for Waldron's portrayal of Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune and Zora Neal Hurston during the ceremony. The theme for this year's observation is 'Heritage and Horizons: The African-American Legacy and the Challenges of the 21st Century.' February is designated each year as a time to celebrate the achievements and contributions of African Americans to Kennedy Space Center, NASA and the nation.

2000-01-01

102

National Museum of American Jewish History Exhibitions and Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A trip to the National Museum of American Jewish History Exhibitions and Collections page will reward you with digital versions of a variety of current and permanent exhibitions. One highlight is Creating American Jews, a permanent exhibition opened in September 1998, which explores Jewish identity in the United States. Each section of this exhibition consists of a text that is illustrated with thumbnail images of artifacts, which can be enlarged for better resolution and more information about each item. Also available is a preview of a current exhibition, With Eyes Toward Zion: The Political Cartoons of Noah Bee, with images of about two dozen of Bee's newspaper cartoons from the 1950s to the 1980s. Those with an interest in museums and exhibition history will be very pleased with the Previous Exhibitions listing, which provides descriptions and selected images from National Museum of American Jewish History shows dating back to its founding in 1976.

103

Peopling The American Colonies, Episode III. Resource Material Development: Population Dynamics in Eighth Grade American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third unit in a series that introduces population concepts into the eighth grade American history curriculum. (See SO 013 782 for an overview to the guide.) In Episode III, the history topic is the late colonial periods. Unit objectives are to (1) examine the effects of different lifestyles on population changes in America and England;…

Massialas, Byron G.; And Others

104

Documenting the American South: Oral Histories of the American South  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Documenting the American South project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has created a number of very fine online exhibits and digital collections over the years, and this recent addition certainly follows in that tradition. Working with funds provided by the Institute of Museum and Library Services, this pilot project includes 21 interviews related to environmental transformations that have changed the lives of North Carolinians over the period 1985 to 2000. Visitors to the site can browse the collection by interviewee, interviewer, and also learn a bit more about how the collection was created. The interviews are quite distinctive, and include commentaries on the ways in which the construction of a major freeway affected daily lives and another set of participants describe their stories of survival after Hurricane Floyd came through the eastern part of the state. One nice touch on the site is that visitors can download the complete audio file of each interview or just listen online while following along with a complete text transcript.

105

The Checkered History of American Psychiatric Epidemiology  

PubMed Central

Context American psychiatry has been fascinated with statistics ever since the specialty was created in the early nineteenth century. Initially, psychiatrists hoped that statistics would reveal the benefits of institutional care. Nevertheless, their fascination with statistics was far removed from the growing importance of epidemiology generally. The impetus to create an epidemiology of mental disorders came from the emerging social sciences, whose members were concerned with developing a scientific understanding of individual and social behavior and applying it to a series of pressing social problems. Beginning in the 1920s, the interest of psychiatric epidemiologists shifted to the ways that social environments contributed to the development of mental disorders. This emphasis dramatically changed after 1980 when the policy focus of psychiatric epidemiology became the early identification and prevention of mental illness in individuals. Methods This article reviews the major developments in psychiatric epidemiology over the past century and a half. Findings The lack of an adequate classification system for mental illness has precluded the field of psychiatric epidemiology from providing causal understandings that could contribute to more adequate policies to remediate psychiatric disorders. Because of this gap, the policy influence of psychiatric epidemiology has stemmed more from institutional and ideological concerns than from knowledge about the causes of mental disorders. Conclusion Most of the problems that have bedeviled psychiatric epidemiology since its inception remain unresolved. In particular, until epidemiologists develop adequate methods to measure mental illnesses in community populations, the policy contributions of this field will not be fully realized.

Horwitz, Allan V; Grob, Gerald N

2011-01-01

106

Throwaway History: The Broadside in American Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although broadsides may seem like a thing of the past, this Tennessee Virtual Archive mentions they are used still to this day, and have broadsides in their collection that are from the 1980s. Visitors should go to the "About the Collection" link to read some background on what broadsides were used for and how they were distributed. The information disseminated via broadsides was varied, including everything from a recruitment announcement to help fight the Creek Indians in Tennessee to a lecture on the perils of school desegregation to a promotion for an African-American radio station--the very one where Oprah Winfrey got her start. Visitors can view the 90 digitized broadsides by clicking on the "View Collection Images" link. A thumbnail of the broadside is given, along with the title, subjects, and description. Visitors can sort the images by the aforementioned categories simply by clicking the desired heading. Visitors should check out the very well-illustrated broadside, "Columbia Gives to Her Son the Accolade of the New Chivalry of Humanity, World War I", which is dedicated to a fallen soldier. The Historical Note in the full record explains when and how broadsides were used to memorialize fallen soldiers.

107

Streaming audio from African-American oral history collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the use of OCLC\\/DiMeMa’s CONTENTdm software and a RealSystems Server 8, this article outlines the process of converting two collections of African-American oral histories recorded on cassette tapes to digital streaming files at the Washington State University Libraries.

Trevor James Bond

2004-01-01

108

Thoughts on a history and criticism of American public address  

Microsoft Academic Search

A HISTORY AND CRITICISM OF AMERICAN PUBLIC ADDRESS. Prepared under the auspices of the Speech Association of America. Vol. III. Marie Kathryn Hochmuth, Editor. Associates, W. Norwood Brigance, Donald Bryant. New York, London, Toronto: Longmans, Green and Company, 1955; pp. 554. $7.00.

Everett L. Hunt

1956-01-01

109

African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Headquartered at Amherst College, the African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project (AARDOC) was founded in 1987. The goal of the project is "to produce a comprehensive history of African-American religion." The history is scheduled to be published in a print edition by the University of Chicago Press later in 2010, and the authors of the project have created this site to bring a selection of these materials to the attention of educators and students. The "Advice for Beginners" section contains a brief description of external reference works of note, and then visitors can make their way through brief outlines of different phases in African-American religious history in areas like "Atlantic World" and "Global Phase". The "Sample Documents" area is a real treat, as it features primary documents that tell the story of Billy Sunday's interactions with African-Americans and the 1822-1823 journal of Betsey Stockton, who joined a company of missionaries as they set sail for the Sandwich (Hawaii) Islands. The site is rounded out by a selection of teaching resources, including syllabi for undergraduate and graduate courses.

Wills, David W.

110

Exploring 350 Years of Jewish American History on the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent Library of Congress exhibition, From Haven to Home: 350 Years of Jewish Life in America, has sparked renewed interest in the history of Jews in the United States. The collection featured more than 200 documents, images, and artifacts that chronicle the Jewish American experience. In exhibit from September through December 2004, From…

Berson, Michael J.; Cruz, Barbara C.

2005-01-01

111

Users' Relevance Criteria in Image Retrieval in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the availability of digital images focuses on a study of American history faculty and graduate students that investigated the criteria which image users apply when making judgments about the relevance of an image. Considers topicality and image quality and suggests implications for image retrieval system design. (Contains 63…

Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie M.

2002-01-01

112

77 FR 5375 - National African American History Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...History Month, we pay tribute to the contributions of past generations and reaffirm our commitment to keeping the American dream alive for the next generation. In honor of those women and men who paved the way for us, and with great...

2012-02-03

113

Teaching about Social Issues in American History. Four Demonstration Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By focusing on controversial social/political issues in high school American history and social studies courses, classroom teachers can help students develop critical thinking skills. Contemporary issues of a controversial nature are particularly good topics for high school because students are generally familiar with the issues through exposure…

Kownslar, Allan O.

114

Smithsonian National Museum of American History: Behring Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian Institution in 1997 created a homepage for the National Museum of American History. The site's five main sections include: Virtual Exhibitions, currently hosting exhibits on American Wine; the history of Tool Chests; World War II Home Front Posters; and a Centennial Salute to Cinema. Not Just for Kids features web versions of hands-on activities from the museum. Visitors can go to the Music Room for information on American music resources, consult an illustrated Timeline for links to information on highlighted events, and guess the identity of a pictured invention in the What Is It? section. General visitor information and teaching resources are offered, and the Collections, Scholarship, and Research, section contains contact information for scholars and students who wish to use the Museum's archival resources.

115

Military Representation: The Theoretical and Practical Implications of Population Representation in the American Armed Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Military Representation and the All-Volunteer Force: Study Problems, Scope and Objectives; Theoretical Antecedents; The Concept of Military Representation in America; Military Representation and Social Equity: Past and Present Experiences; Milit...

M. J. Eitelberg

1979-01-01

116

National Museum of American History: Surveying and Geodesy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Museum of American History Virtual Exhibition Web Site (last mentioned in the November 16, 2001 Scout Report) presents another interesting collection. The Surveying and Geodesy instruments site "reflect[s] the importance of these activities in America since the first European colonists settled here some 400 years ago and turned the American landscape into property." The 250 instruments within the collection are organized by maker and by instruments. Each instrument link contains a picture (if available), inscriptions, dimensions, a description, and any other available information. This simple but well done site offers a unique and educational look into this historically significant field.

2002-01-01

117

Promoting Health During the American Occupation of Japan The Public Health Section, Kyoto Military Government Team, 1945-1949  

PubMed Central

During the American occupation of Japan (1945–1952), young public health officers from the US Army Medical Corps were posted in local US Army military government teams. These young doctors (aged 25 to 27 years), who had not absorbed the strong anti-Japanese tradition of the US military during World War II, seem to have alleviated the initial resentment felt by the Japanese toward the new governors of their homeland. The case of the Kyoto Military Government Team illustrates the Kyoto citizenry’s positive view of some American-directed public health measures. The team’s services helped to counter widely held negative views on colonialism, occupation, and public health; lessened resentment toward the unilateral command structure of the occupation forces; and contributed to improved relations between the United States and Japan at the local level.

Nishimura, Sey

2008-01-01

118

An English admiral and an American aviator: advanced trauma life support and two historical military casualties.  

PubMed

This article considers two historical military casualties in the context of present day Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) teaching. The death of Admiral Lord Nelson, Royal Navy, at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 has been well documented while that of Lieutenant Luke, an American aviator, U.S. Army Air Service, in France in 1918 has been almost disregarded. Both suffered a gunshot wound to the chest with the responsible weapon similarly sited. Nelson's dying was witnessed and recorded in detail by his surgeon. Luke's death was unwitnessed and has been the subject of considerable speculation. A recent monograph removes much of this speculation but cannot describe his last few minutes of life. This article describes both events and considers the mechanism of injury. It presents speculative radiological reconstructions and an outline of emergency management according to ATLS for both and further clinical speculation on Luke's demise. PMID:21121490

Bridgewater, Franklin H G

2010-11-01

119

Criticism of American, British, European and Classical Authors: A Selective Bibliography of Books in the United States Military Academy Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this bibliography is to provide critical, literary commentaries on the works of American, British, and classical authors, found in general literature books. Selection of authors was accomplished on the basis of West Point military cadets' choices of topics for their annual English papers; alphabetical listings of citations (from…

Perry, Margaret, Comp.

120

From exclusion to acceptance: a case history of homosexuality in the U.S. Court of Military Appeals.  

PubMed

Policing the legality and normalcy of service members' sexual lives was a contentious process for military courts throughout the 1950s, 1960s, and early 1970s that resulted in the inconsistent enforcement of the homosexual exclusion policy. Military personnel of all ranks and occupations harbored a variety of attitudes and beliefs about homosexuality that challenged the legitimacy and uniformity of the military's legal assault on sexual deviance. Over half of the active duty personnel originally accused of homosexual tendencies received either sentence reductions or sentence reversals as a result of this highly contested process by which official military policy was translated into practice via courts-martial. Paradoxically, the very policies that discriminated against alleged homosexual service members generated legal avenues through which gays and lesbians exercised their rights to due process, and, ultimately, their rights as American citizens embodied in the repeal of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy. Rather than being an ideologically homophobic monolith, the Cold War American military rocked with contestation over an exclusion policy that attempted--unsuccessfully--to eliminate all gay and lesbian service members. PMID:23414272

Wilson-Buford, Kellie

2013-01-01

121

Geography in American History for High School Students of American History. Final Design Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geographic learning provides perspectives, information, concepts, and skills essential to viewing and understanding historical events and developments. Geographic learning is therefore essential to sound teaching and learning of history in general and U.S. history at the high school level in particular. This report contains a description of the…

Patrick, John J.; Stoltman, Joseph P.

122

National Museum of American History: Stories of Freedom and Justice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1960, a group of four African American men sat at the lunch counter in the Woolworth's store in Greensboro, North Carolina and refused to leave when asked. It was an important moment in the growing civil rights movement, and it is the event which serves as the inspiration for this site created by the National Museum of American History. The theme of the site is "Freedom and Justice", and the site contains a frequently updated blog, webcasts, news updates, and an event calendar. Visitors who are unfamiliar with the Greensboro Sit-Ins may wish to look at a collection of images from that fateful day. In the webcasts area, visitors can watch archived programs like "Lincoln, Race and the American Presidency" and "Portrait of Invention: A Conversation with Lester Brown". In the "Learning Resources" area educators can take advantage of a 22-minute instructional video and several lesson plans and activities.

123

Teaching White Students Black History: The African-American Experience in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many white students are barely exposed to African-American history throughout their schooling. When students do examine the other side of American history, the one not generally found in their textbooks, they often wonder why they have not learned this before. An understanding of African-American history is central to any effort to eliminate…

Burrell, Leon F.; Walsh, Robert L.

2001-01-01

124

77 FR 11567 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...SUMMARY: The American Museum of Natural History, in consultation with the appropriate...contact the American Museum of Natural History. DATES: Representatives of any...

2012-02-27

125

Keeping Current. African American History Month--More than Book Reports!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mention the observance of African American History Month and the name Carter G. Woodson immediately comes to mind. Woodson, an educator, publisher, and historian, initiated the "Negro History Week" observance in 1926. Known as the "Father of Black History," Woodson believed that it was important for African Americans to know their history in…

O'Neal, Anita J.

2005-01-01

126

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History: Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working with a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, staff members at the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History and graduate students from Wayne State University have created a treasure trove of thoughtful digital exhibits and collections. Visitors might want to start with the "Virtual Exhibitions" area, which includes the arresting "Women of A New Tribe" collection. This particular collection features 75 photographs by Jerry Taliaferro of women from both the Detroit area and the rest of the United States. After looking these over, users should go over to the "Sam Vinegar Collection". Here they will find formal mounted images from a postcard series of Africa and publicity photos of African American performers. For those who wish to navigate in another fashion, the "Tags" area on the left-hand side of the page features a list of tags, including "Detroit", "Civil Rights", and "Musicians".

127

The Avalon Project: African-Americans - Biography, Autobiography and History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Avalon Project at Yale Law School, (last mentioned in the April 4, 1997 Scout Report) has recently added an African American biography, autobiography, and history section. The section contains complete copies of Martin Luther King Jr.'s 1963 "I Have A Dream" speech, My Bondage and Freedom by Frederick Douglass, The Narrative of Sojourner Truth, dictated by Sojourner Truth and edited by Olive Gilbert, The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois, and Up From Slavery: An Autobiography by Booker T. Washington. All transcripts are lucid and available in HTML format.

1996-01-01

128

Online Astronomy Resources from the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Museum of Natural History, one of the world's largest natural history museums, is the locus of a rich array of scientific research, exhibition and educational resources through its Department of Astrophysics, its Rose Center for Earth and Space and its Hall of Meteorites. For the past decade, the Museum's National Center for Science Literacy, Education and Technology has leveraged these assets to create a panoply of web-based resources for students, teachers and the general public. This session will review several of these resources, including the Digital Universe (a three-dimensional mapping of the Universe); The Solar System (an online graduate course for K-12 teachers); multimedia highlighting searches for exoplanets and ultra-high-energy cosmic rays; Journey to the Stars (a DVD version of the current planetarium show); and the astronomy section of Ology (a website for children ages 7 and up). A copy of the Journey to the Stars DVD will be provided to all attendees. )

Steiner, Robert

2010-02-01

129

Growing up in America. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic VIII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven modules provide perspective on United States history in terms of the American as an individual in the community. Part One, The American Family, explores roles of American men and women, marriage, and the family. Letters written in 1776 between John and Abigail Adams are contrasted with letters written in 1975 between working mothers. Family…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

130

America in the World. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic VII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet of secondary level classroom strategies was developed as one in a set of materials for studying American history in light of issues identified by the American Issues Forum. Divided into four sections, the materials emphasize the meaning of the American dream, implications of belonging to a worldwide economic system, the role of the…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

131

The Gondwanan and South American Episodes: Two Major and Unrelated Moments in the History of the South American Mammals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first steps in the history of South American mammals took place ca. 130 Ma., when the South American plate, still connected\\u000a to the Antarctic Peninsula, began to drift away from the African-Indian plate. Most of the Mesozoic history of South American\\u000a mammals is still unknown, and we only have a few enigmatic taxa (i.e., a Jurassic Australosphenida and an Early

Rosendo Pascual; Edgardo Ortiz-Jaureguizar

2007-01-01

132

History of U.S. Military Contributions to the Study of Diarrheal Diseases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Diarrhea, a scourge upon humanity since preliterate times, has been the particular nemesis of military forces. The Armed Forces of the United States have been in the forefront in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diarrheal illness. U.S. military...

M. L. Lim

2005-01-01

133

American plastic surgery and global health: a brief history.  

PubMed

Access to essential surgical care in resource-poor settings is gaining recognition as a major component of international public health efforts. As evidence is mounting about the burden of surgically treatable disease in low- and middle-income countries, so too is the evidence for the significant need for plastic surgery treatment of disease rising in these areas. American plastic surgery has a long history with international surgical efforts in resource-poor regions around the world. Early experiences were not formalized until after World War II, when a foundation partnership provided a venue for interested plastic surgeons to volunteer. These efforts progressed and advanced throughout the 1960s-1970s, but were ultimately devastated by the Vietnam War. Subsequent international plastic surgical experiences by American surgeons over the last 40 years have been largely through several nongovernmental organizations. American plastic surgical involvement in global surgery has changed significantly over the last 70 years. Although quality care is being delivered to resource-poor regions around the world, many of the challenges of regionally appropriate, sustainable care persist today. PMID:21301287

Hughes, Christopher D; Alkire, Blake; Martin, Christine; Semer, Nadine; Meara, John G

2012-02-01

134

Rare Exceptions: Some University Professors and the Teaching of Native American History, 1900-1970  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1900 to 1970, only eight United States historians established courses on Native American history in history departments at the college and university level. This made them rare exceptions in an academic world that placed overwhelming emphasis on mainstream Euro-American history, with extremely limited attention to race and ethnicity. Except…

Crum, Steven

2006-01-01

135

Recovering the Afro-American Historic Heritage of Philadelphia: Oral History Accounts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the transcripts of the oral history interviews of Afro Americans in Philadelphia. This project involved eighth grade Afro American students at the William L. Sayre Junior High School in exploring the local history of their West Philadelphia community. As a second part of the project, oral histories were collected by…

Philadelphia School District, PA.

136

Effects of Multimedia Software on Achievement of Middle School Students in an American History Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated social studies achievement as a result of utilizing a multimedia-based American history software program (Ignite Early American History, 2003) to augment textbook and lecture materials for seventh-grade middle school history students in an ethnically and linguistically diverse urban school district. The instructional…

Kingsley, Karla V.; Boone, Randall

2008-01-01

137

How the Cold War is Taught: Six American History Textbooks Examined.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a comparative analysis of how six high school history textbooks present events and issues related to the Cold War. The texts are "History of a Free People" (Macmillan, 1973), "Rise of the American Nation" (Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1977), "The American Experience" (Addison-Wesley, 1975), "A New History of the United States--An…

Herz, Martin F.

138

History of Military Service and the Risk of Suicidal Ideation: Findings from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of completed suicide by history of military service have produced inconsistent findings; no representative population-based study has compared the risk of nonfatal suicidal behavior among veterans with risk among nonveterans. The objective of this study was to examine whether male veterans of the U.S. military are at heightened risk of…

White, Richard; Barber, Catherine; Azrael, Deb; Mukamal, Kenneth J.; Miller, Matthew

2011-01-01

139

Europe and the United States defense establishment: American military policy and strategy, 1815--1821  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the defeats and frustrations of the War of 1812, the United States undertook an extensive reformation of its defense establishment and a substantial build-up of its military and naval forces. Historians have often ascribed this unprecedented interest in a stronger military to the \\

Michael Stuart Fitzgerald

1990-01-01

140

Women in Military Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American women have participated in and made significant contributions to the defense of this nation during both war and peace times. Their contributions, however, have gone largely unacknowledged and unrewarded. The history of women serving in defense of our nation began more than 220 years ago with women who served in the American Revolution and continues with those who serve today. The Women's Memorial Web site is dedicated to recognizing the achievements of women who have served in the military and also honors other women who have served in direct support of the US armed forces, particularly during times of war or conflict. The site offers historical data on valiant women who served in America's military as well as educational resources for teachers and students. It also provides information on how to plan a trip to the Women's Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery, where the women who have served in this country's armed forces are individually and collectively honored.

1997-01-01

141

Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While many people may be familiar with the impressive structure that houses the American Museum of Natural History at Central Park West and 79th Street, a much smaller number may be acquainted with their very fine series of anthropological papers. This respected series has been continuously published since 1907, and these works have also been made available on this site. Visitors can use the search engine offered here, or they can also browse the papers by title, author, or date. They will encounter works from such anthropology luminaries as Margaret Mead and others, and they will certainly enjoy passing along this information to persons with an interest in the field. In total, this archive contains over 350 works which provide a great deal of insight into the historical development of the practice and theory behind anthropology.

142

The Portent: John Brown's Raid in American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

John Brown's place and portrayal throughout American history has swung all over the ideological map. Some have sought to portray him as a radical madman, and others have claimed he was just a peaceful man pushed to the edge. This thoughtful exhibit from the Virginia Historical Society (VHS) is designed to complement an in situ exhibit which took place in early 2010. Drawing on images in their extensive archives, the VHS has created an exhibit that explores John Brown's life and actions at the Federal Armory at Harpers Ferry. Each section contains a brief essay, accompanied by images that talk about the raid itself, Brown's execution, and the aftermath. Visitors are also encouraged to leave their own thoughts on Brown here via an email form.

143

Fifty Years of Promoting Library History: A Chronology of the ALA (American) Library History Round Table, 1947-1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a chronology of the Library History Round Table of the American Library Association. Includes topics and presenters of programs; awards, including the Justin Winsor Prize and the Phyllis Dain Library Dissertation Award; and leadership. (LRW)

Wertheimer, Andrew B.; Marshall, John David

2000-01-01

144

Dengue and US Military Operations from the Spanish-American War through Today  

PubMed Central

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed.

Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R.

2012-01-01

145

Dengue and US military operations from the Spanish-American War through today.  

PubMed

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed. PMID:22469290

Gibbons, Robert V; Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R

2012-04-01

146

77 FR 42365 - Price for the Making American History Coin and Currency Set  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...THE TREASURY United States Mint Price for the Making American History Coin and Currency Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department...is announcing a price of $72.95 for the Making American History Coin and Currency Set. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

2012-07-18

147

American Indian Women: Sorting through Myth and History. A Study of American Indian Women, Stereotypes, and Education in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following study was conducted to examine existing research in education regarding the development of stereotypes in children, analyze historical documents and research to acquire an accurate portrayal of American Indian women, and determine if secondary social studies students lack adequate knowledge about the history of American Indian women,…

Attardo, Jessica L.

2005-01-01

148

The Savage and the Slave: Critical Race Theory, Racial Stereotyping, and the Teaching of American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching of American history is not neutral; teachers and textbooks often define what is important and what is not. It is through this historical subjectivity that stereotypes and biases emerge and ultimately persist. With relevance to African Americans and American Indians, such stereotypes can be culturally, politically and economically…

Lintner, Timothy

2004-01-01

149

The Japanese American Internment, 1942-45: A Lesson from Recent History. Multicultural Education Resource Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for secondary school students, this 3-5 day unit focuses on the legal context of the Japanese-American internment during World War II and can be incorporated into a history unit or used as a case study of the American legal system or American race relations. Four lesson plans are provided. In lesson 1, the historical events of the…

Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia. Office for Equity Education.

150

Information Management in Business, Libraries and British Military Intelligence: Towards a History of Information Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This historical study explores a definition of information management that centers on the ordering and channeling of non-publicly available information within organizations. Highlights three types of organizations: the business corporation; the library; and the state agency, specifically British military intelligence. (Contains 44…

Black, Alistair; Brunt, Rodney

1999-01-01

151

Marching to a Different Drummer. Military Women in American Popular Magazines, 1975-1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines the media's image of women serving in the American armed forces through a qualitative content analysis of popular American black, general-interest, specialized, women's and news magazines from 1975 to 1985. It was constructed to exami...

C. S. Chorak

1985-01-01

152

Patterns of Life-History Diversification in North American Fishes: implications for Population Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Winemiller, K. 0., and K. A. Rose. 1992. Patterns of life-history diversification in North American fishes: impli- cations for population regulation. Can.). Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49: 2196-2218. Interspecific patterns of fish life histories were evaluated in relation to several theoretical models of life-history evolution. Data were gathered for 216 North American fish species (57 families) to explore relationships among variables

Kirk O. Winemiller; Kenneth A. Rose

1992-01-01

153

Trends in HIV prevalence among white and African-American civilian applicants for United States Military Service, 1985 to 2003.  

PubMed

Data from 5,699,590 white and African-American civilian applicants who applied for service in the US military between 1985 and 2003 were used to analyze HIV prevalence trends. The overall HIV prevalence was 0.72/1000, which declined from 2.63/1000 in 1985 to 0.29/1000 in 1995, after which it remained stable until 2003 (0.30/1000). Larger and more significant declines in annual HIV prevalences were observed among the 4.5 million white applicants (-15.7% per year) compared with the 1.2 million African-American applicants (-10.0% per year). The HIV prevalence decline was also greater among male applicants (-12.4% per year) than female applicants (-7.1% per year). In the most recent 4 years study period, HIV prevalences increased among white applicants 25 to 29 years of age among African-American applicants 30 years of age or older. These data suggest that despite the overall consistent decreases in HIV prevalence from the 1980s to the late 1990s, an increase in HIV prevalence has taken place older African-American and white subgroups in more recent years. PMID:16763492

Bautista, Christian T; Sateren, Warren B; Singer, Darrell E; Carr, Jean K; Birx, Deborah L; Sanchez, Jose L

2006-05-01

154

Freedom of Expression in the American Military: A Communication Modeling Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study used a communication perspective to examine the extent to which the civilian/military First Amendment dichotomy is warranted and to add to First Amendment theory the subject of the First Amendment rights of servicemembers. The study was limited to the freedoms of speech, press, assembly, petition, and association. It did not include…

Packer, Cathy

155

Department of History Map Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the History Department of the United States Military Academy (West Point), this site offers an extensive collection (over 400) of color maps originally produced for a course entitled History of the Military Art. The atlases cover international and civil conflicts from American colonial campaigns to Somalia in 1992-93. The maps are browsed by war/ conflict and are presented as large thumbnails which link to a full-sized image. Please note that these may take a while to load even with faster connections. In all, an excellent and well-organized resource for those interested in military history and cartography.

156

75 FR 58425 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...possession of the American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, that meets the definition...sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History. No known individual was...

2010-09-24

157

Hispanic America to 1776. Globe Mosaic of American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook examines Spanish exploration, conquest, settlement, and colonization of present-day Mexico, United States, and the Caribbean, and the conflicts and exchanges resulting from culture contact between Spaniards and Native Americans. Chapters cover: (1) first contacts in the Caribbean, enslavement of Native Americans, arrival of African…

Lewin, Stephen, Ed.; And Others

158

A Chapter in the Early History of American Linguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contributions of Peter Stephen DuPonceau and John Pickering to American linguistics in the early nineteenth century are reviewed and discussed. Despite their probable status as amateurs in the study of American Indian languages and their very limited fieldwork, they made some significant contributions to the general field of language studies…

Guice, Stephen A.

159

Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (North Atlantic) - American Lobster.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are designed to assist in environmental impact assessment. The American lobster (Homarus ame...

C. MacKenzie J. R. Moring

1985-01-01

160

Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (North Atlantic). AMERICAN LOBSTER.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Species profiles are literature summaries of taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. These are designed to assist in environmental impact assessment. The American lobster is a valuable c...

C. MacKenzie J. R. Moring

1985-01-01

161

Using the Computer and Manuscript Census Returns to Teach American Social History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an undergraduate course, "An Interdisciplinary Approach to American Social History." For projects, students analyze census returns by means of computer and present papers to other students and faculty. (KC)

Burtin, Orville Vernon

1979-01-01

162

Black Chronicle: An American History Textbook Supplement. Third Edition. Bulletin No. 91546.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, a revision and updating of a work first published under the same title in 1974, presents a detailed chronological history of African Americans in the United States. The description begins with the origins of Homo sapiens in Africa, and traces the African American story from slavery in North America through the U.S. Civil War, the…

Kailin, Clarence S.

163

History of North American Donor Milk Banking: One Hundred Years of Progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 100 years, North American milk banking has evolved from an idea to a sophisticated process. The early history of establishment of North American banks, including screening processes undertaken, provides the basis for current procedures in modern banks. Increased research and technological improvements have also dramatically changed modern screening procedures. Human milk banks have waxed and waned through

Frances Jones

2003-01-01

164

Misplaced Multiculturalism: Representations of American Indians in U.S. History Academic Content Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative textual analysis investigates the ideological lenses through which U.S. History content standards for grades 5-12 for Arizona and Washington frame interactions between American Indians and European Americans during U.S. national development. The study's multiperspective critical conceptual framework interrogates the standards not…

Anderson, Carl B.

2012-01-01

165

A REPORT ON TEAM TEACHING AMERICAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE, SAMMAMISH SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN EVALUATION IS GIVEN OF SUCCESSFUL SECONDARY-LEVEL TEAM TEACHING PROGRAMS IN AMERICAN HISTORY, AMERICAN LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION. PROVISIONS WERE MADE FOR LARGE GROUP INSTRUCTION, SMALL GROUP DISCUSSION, AND INDEPENDENT STUDY WITHIN A 2-HOUR TIME BLOCK. TEACHERS HANDLED TOPICS AND SUPERVISED ACTIVITIES UPON WHICH THEY HAD MUTUALLY AGREED IN…

GULDSETH, HILDA; AND OTHERES

166

Preachers and Prophets: Using Film to Teach American Religious History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can students learn religious history from movies? While using film as text is likely to attract students' interest, will such a course be able to negotiate the complex intertwining of film with religion and history to provide students with more than mere entertainment? Will students respond to a challenge to move beyond a movie's surface visual…

Rowe, David L.

2004-01-01

167

American History Curriculum Guide. Secondary Social Studies. Bulletin 1599.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide for secondary teachers outlines resource units for U.S. history. Although intended for use by teachers in Louisiana, the guide can be used or adapted by educators in any state. The guide is comprised of six sections dealing with the following topics: (1) colonial history, the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, and…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Academic Programs.

168

Women in American History: A Series. Book Four, Women in the Progressive Era 1890-1920.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses the role of women in the Progressive Era (1890-1920). Designed to supplement high school U.S. history textbooks, the book is comprised of five chapters. Chapter I describes reformers and radicals including Jane Addams and Lillian Wald who began the settlement house…

Sanders, Beverly

169

Principal host relationships and evolutionary history of the North American arenaviruses  

Microsoft Academic Search

A previous study suggested that the genomes of the arenaviruses native to North America are a product of genetic recombination between New World arenaviruses with significantly different phylogenetic histories. The purpose of this study was to extend our knowledge of the principal host relationships and evolutionary history of the North American arenaviruses. The results of this study suggest that the

Maria N. B. Cajimat; Mary Louise Milazzo; Barry D. Hess; Michael P. Rood; Charles F. Fulhorst

2007-01-01

170

Discrimination History, Backlash Fear, and Ethnic Identity among Arab Americans: Post-9/11 Snapshots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined discrimination history, backlash fear, and ethnic identity of Arab Americans nationally at 3 times, beginning shortly after September 11, 2001. Relations between variables were moderate, and discrimination history and backlash fear were statistically significant predictors of ethnic identity. Implications for acculturation and…

Nassar-McMillan, Sylvia C.; Lambert, Richard G.; Hakim-Larson, Julie

2011-01-01

171

The Indian in American History -The Sacred Tree Still Lives. A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this teacher's guide is to provide some necessary tools in order to expand and up-date courses in American history, with an emphasis on the major role of the original inhabitants of North America in the shaping of history. It is hoped the guide will enable the teacher to expand the high school students' historical viewpoint, and…

Spaulding, Sandra Lakota; Rouillard, John Caske

172

Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America. Afro-American and Asian American Culture History. Baywood Monographs in Archaeology 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains fourteen articles dealing with archaeological studies on Black and Asian ethnic groups in the United States. Papers on Afro-American culture history include: (1) "Race and Class on Antebellum Plantations," by John Solomon Otto; (2) "Looking for the 'Afro' in Colono-Indian Pottery," by Leland Ferguson; (3) a study of "Black…

Schuyler, Robert L., Ed.

173

The Land of Plenty. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three secondary level learning modules provide perspective on U.S. history and current issues in terms of land-use problems and case studies. Teaching strategies for this topic are presented in booklet form as one of a set of materials based on topics identified by the American Issues Forum. Readings and questions guide students through three…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of General Education.

174

Handbook of Native American Studies and Chronology of Native American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as "a practical guide to the development of Native American Studies programs, Native American Studies courses, and Indian-oriented higher education programs," this handbook places emphasis upon materials actually utilized in the development of Native American Studies at the University of California, Davis, and in the creation of…

Forbes, Jack D.; And Others

175

Military Service and Economic Mobility: Evidence from the American Civil War  

PubMed Central

How did geographic and occupational mobility after the Civil War differ between Union Army veterans and nonveterans? By 1880, Union veterans were more likely to migrate to a different state or region than nonveterans. The higher geographic mobility of veterans is likely attributable to their experience of traveling away from their hometowns while in service. Union veterans who held unskilled jobs prior to enlistment were more likely to move up to white-collar or farming jobs by 1880 than unskilled nonveterans. In contrast, unskilled veterans were less likely to become artisans than nonveterans. The differences in occupational mobility by veteran status might be explained by the effects of military experiences such as learning from comrades in the company.

2012-01-01

176

Future U.S. Military Presence in Asia: Landpower and the Geostrategy of American Commitment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For more than 50 years, countries around the world have looked to the United States for international leadership. Most Asian governments welcome a U. S. presence in the region to help preserve security and stability. They know that an American presence do...

R. H. Scales L. M. Wortzel

1999-01-01

177

Petty Despots and Executive Officials: Civil-Military Relations in the Early American Navy  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a new nation, the United States lacked the long naval traditions of the other powers of the time, particularly Great Britain. When Congress created a naval force in 1794, the country had to rely on its first officers to form the traditions of the service and lay the foundations of the American Navy. These first officers bequeathed to their

Thomas Sheppard

2010-01-01

178

78 FR 8347 - National African American History Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...were not theirs to occupy. We trace generations of African Americans, free and slave, who risked everything to realize their God-given rights. We listen to the echoes of speeches and struggle that made our Nation stronger, and we hear again the...

2013-02-06

179

Teaching American Indian History: An Interdisciplinary Approach. (A Curriculum Guide).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing an interdisciplinary approach, anthropological and historical, this curriculum guide provides activities and instructional objectives which are "value-oriented". Emphasis is on Indian values, their cultural relativity, and their comparison with Euro-American concepts. An inventory of the values held by both groups allows the student to…

Vantine, Larry

180

Teaching Magna Carta in American History: Land, Law, and Legacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Magna Carta, that great cornerstone of American liberty, has been in the news lately. Put up for sale by three-time U.S. Presidential candidate Ross Perot in December 2007, the 1297 version of Magna Carta displayed in the National Archives was sold to financier David Rubenstein for $21.3 million. While its sale demonstrates the cash value of the…

Saxe, David W.

2010-01-01

181

History without Evidence: Latin American Inequality since 1491  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most analysts of the modern Latin American economy hold to a pessimistic belief in historical persistence -- they believe that Latin America has always had very high levels of inequality, suggesting it will be hard for modern social policy to create a more egalitarian society. This paper argues that this conclusion is not supported by what little evidence we have.

Jeffrey G. Williamson

2009-01-01

182

Women in American Constitutional History at the Bicentennial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the changing legal status of women from the American Revolution to the present. Divides discussion into five major constitutional periods. Describes the "Broken Barometer" theory in which laws passed for the benefit of women are actually an indicator of their past needs rather than their present concerns. (RW)

Hoff-Wilson, Joan

1989-01-01

183

The effects of race and other socioeconomic factors on health service use among American military veterans.  

PubMed

This study examined the extent to which racial disparities in service utilization exist in veterans (VA) and non-VA health care systems. An observational study design was used with a nationally representative sample of veterans. Logistic regression models were constructed using sociodemographic characteristics, health insurance and benefits, and health status as predictors of health service use in both VA and non-VA health care systems. A population weighted sample of 19,270 veterans from the 2001 National Survey of Veterans was used, which included 17,004 (88.24%) White, 1,864 (9.15%) African American, 414 (2.15%) Native American/Alaskan Native, and 87 (0.45%) Asian American/Pacific Islander veterans. Results showed that use of the VA health care system was not associated with race, but was associated with VA disability compensation, lack of private health insurance, and greater health care need. Contrarily, in non-VA healthcare systems, veterans who were racial minorities, less educated, and without private health insurance were less likely to use services. Together, these findings demonstrate the socioeconomic context in which health disparities exist and suggest the influence of health insurance on racial disparities in service utilization. PMID:23949577

Tsai, Jack; Desai, Miraj U; Cheng, Alice W; Chang, Janet

2014-03-01

184

Mexican Military and Political Transition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis assesses the future of Mexican civil-military relations. Mexico is unique among Latin American nations for its professionalized and depoliticized military. While the Mexican Armed Forces have shunned an active role in politics since 1940, they...

R. C. Bedingfield

1992-01-01

185

Consortium for Health and Military Performance and American College of Sports Medicine consensus paper on extreme conditioning programs in military personnel.  

PubMed

A potential emerging problem associated with increasingly popularized extreme conditioning programs (ECPs) has been identified by the military and civilian communities. That is, there is an apparent disproportionate musculoskeletal injury risk from these demanding programs, particularly for novice participants, resulting in lost duty time, medical treatment, and extensive rehabilitation. This is a significant and costly concern for the military with regard to effectively maintaining operational readiness of the Force. While there are certain recognized positive aspects of ECPs that address a perceived and/or actual unfulfilled conditioning need for many individuals and military units, these programs have limitations and should be considered carefully. Moreover, certain distinctive characteristics of ECPs appear to violate recognized accepted standards for safely and appropriately developing muscular fitness and are not uniformly aligned with established and accepted training doctrine. Accordingly, practical solutions to improve ECP prescription and implementation and reduce injury risk are of paramount importance. PMID:22071400

Bergeron, Michael F; Nindl, Bradley C; Deuster, Patricia A; Baumgartner, Neal; Kane, Shawn F; Kraemer, William J; Sexauer, Lisa R; Thompson, Walter R; O'Connor, Francis G

2011-01-01

186

From Hot to Cold War. SSEC American History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit for U.S. history classes provides students with the chance to learn about the historical roots of U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union in a lively, informative manner and from a variety of different perspectives. The unit enables students to use their own judgement in selecting, evaluating, and reflecting on the significance of U.S.…

Ladenburg, Thomas; Tegnell, Geoffrey

187

Life Histories of Three Exemplary American Physical Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the following article-style dissertation was to present the life histories of three exemplary physical educators, to give them voice, explore ways in which they experienced marginalization, and describe how they persevered in spite of difficulties they experienced in their careers. The participants included (a) Robin, a female…

Cazers, Gunars

2009-01-01

188

19th Century American Journals of Natural History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a brief list of journals containing information for historians and naturalists. The journals are presented in two lists from 1810-1875 and from 1876-1900. Each list is further classified into general natural history, microscopy, botany, entomology, conchology, ornithology, and geology and paleontology. (MR)

Dexter, Ralph W.

1976-01-01

189

Teaching about Women and Underdevelopment in Latin American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latin America, the most advanced of the underdeveloped regions of the world, is a perfect showcase for exploring the contradictions that come into play when the historical construction of gender clashes with economic practice. The history of modern Latin America shows that economic development can actually work to the detriment of women. The most…

Pino, Julio Cesar

2001-01-01

190

Violence and the American Landscape: The Challenge of Public History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the author's experiences with projects covering the topics of Little Bighorn, Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Enola Gay exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum, and the Oklahoma City bombing. Each helped him to understand the challenge of public history, specifically memorializing sites of violence. (CMK)

Linenthal, Edward T.

2002-01-01

191

Between a Rock and a Hard Place: A History of American Sweatshops 1820 - Present  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History provides this online exhibit, a look at one of the more unsavory aspects of American history. The exhibit can be viewed via a floor plan or a series of navigational toolbars at the bottom of the screen. The content and the design of the exhibit are fascinating. Each section is introduced by large images from the actual exhibit. The user can then move the mouse to various parts of those images and click to retrieve a larger rendering of that part of the exhibit. In this way, the virtual viewer can experience the exhibit close to how an actual viewer would. In addition to the history section, there is a section on the El Monte California sweatshop (broken up in 1995), the fashion food chain, and a dialog in which six spokespeople give their views on the question "What should Americans know about sweatshop production in the United States?" Multimedia sections are forthcoming.

1998-01-01

192

Women in American History: A Series. Book One, Women in the Colonial Era and The Early American Republic 1607-1820.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses women in the Colonial Era and the Early American Republic (1607-1820). Designed to supplement high school U.S. history textbooks, five chapters are devoted to women who were both famous and those who were not well known. Chapter I focuses on women in the founding days.…

Sanders, Beverly

193

Integrating Women's History into an Early American History Course: Three Lesson Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present three lesson ideas that integrate women's history into the curriculum and that support the development of important social studies skills. The first lesson, for teachers to use at the beginning of the school year, encourages students to think critically about the nature of history and the importance of understanding the point…

Bair, Sarah; Williams, Lisa; Fralinger, Meghan

2008-01-01

194

The Division of Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website of the paleontology department at the American Museum of Natural History contains photographic images of field notebook contents, field excavation pictures, correspondence and field reports. Materials such as Barnum Brown's field notebook from the summer that he discovered Tyrannosaurus rex are online, and the ability to turn pages in the actual books is very useful. Other important discoveries in the history of paleontology can also be found within the archives displayed at this site.

Norris, Chris; History, American M.

195

Ordinary Americans: U.S. History through the Eyes of Everyday People [and] Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Ordinary Americans" covers 500 years of U.S. history, from 1492 to 1992, in almost 200 readings, plus scores of archival photographs. The book relates the traditional events of U.S. history, but as an ordinary person lived it. Thus, the story of the Boston Tea Party is told not by Samuel Adams, but by George Hewes, a cobbler. The story of the…

Monk, Linda R., Ed.

196

The Dark Ages of Education and a New Hope: Teaching Native American History in Maine Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, the author wrote legislation that required all public schools in Maine to teach Maine Indian history. On June 14 of that year, Gov. Angus King signed "An Act to Require Maine Native American History and Culture in Maine's Schools" into law--the first of its kind in the U.S. What makes the law unique is its requirement that specific topics…

Loring, Donna

2009-01-01

197

A Guide for Teaching the History and Culture of the Filipino Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides information to teachers and students for understanding the history and culture of Filipino Americans. Because the guide contains informational background as well as suggested activities, it can be used within a variety of curricular offerings including elementary, junior high, and senior high levels. Part 1 contains background…

Ratermanis, Encarnacion A.

198

The Legacy of the Teaching American History Grants: Statues on Easter Island?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not too early to ask what legacy the Teaching American History grants will leave behind. Put another way, when all the money is spent, when all the seminars are done, when all the professional development has ended, what evidence will there be that the program ever existed? Will historians in the future look back at the evidence left behind…

Olwell, Russell

2007-01-01

199

AMERICAN PRINTING HOUSE FOR THE BLIND, INC., ITS HISTORY, PURPOSES AND POLICIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

FOUNDED IN 1858, THE AMERICAN PRINTING HOUSE (APH) FOR THE BLIND IN LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY, IS THE WORLD'S LARGEST PUBLISHER OF LITERATURE FOR THE BLIND. IN 1965-66 THE OPERATING BUDGET EXCEEDED $3 MILLION, AND THERE WERE 440 PART-TIME EMPLOYEES. A HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH OF APH INCLUDES CONTROVERSY RESULTING IN THE FINAL CHOICE OF…

American Printing House for the Blind, Louisville, KY.

200

When History Is Myth: Genocide and the Transmogrification of American Indians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The genocide of American Indians over the last five centuries is documented by the persecutors in myriad historical media: diaries, audiotapes, autobiographies, photographs, books, essays, and newspaper accounts. Many authors believe that their stories convey an objective reality but scholarship has illustrated that writers construct history more…

Colwell-Chanthaphonh, Chip

2005-01-01

201

A Negro History Tour of Manhattan. Contributions in Afro-American and African Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A unique field trip guide, this brief book interrelates the history of Manhattan with that of the United States as these stories were affected by Black Americans. Obscure and famous landmarks in Manhattan serve as focal points for the narratives on people, places, events, institutions, and organizations from 1624 to the present. Beginning with Old…

Harris, M. A.

202

Treatment of Japanese-American Internment During World War II in U.S. History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to analyze the treatment of Japanese-American internment during World War II in high school United States history textbooks. Four reasons highlight the selection of this topic for study. First, this historical event was selected because a little over a year ago was the 60th anniversary of President Franklin D.…

Ogawa, Masato

2004-01-01

203

The Story in History: Writing Your Way into the American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressed to teachers from upper elementary to adult level as well as to writers, this book gives teachers and students an entirely new way to learn about American history--by reexperiencing it from the vantage point of the imaginative writer. The book maintains that students will thus gain both a deeper understanding of the issues and conflicts…

Galt, Margot Fortunato

204

3 CFR 8776 - Proclamation 8776 of January 31, 2012. National African American History Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...History Month, we pay tribute to the contributions of past generations and reaffirm our commitment to keeping the American dream alive for the next generation. In honor of those women and men who paved the way for us, and with great...

2013-01-01

205

Teacher-made Test Items in American History: Emphasis Junior High School. Bulletin Number 40.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed originally for use in junior-high-school classes, this bulletin provides an extensive file of 420 multiple-choice test questions in American history. The test items are intended to measure substantive understandings as well as such abilities as interpretation, analysis, synthesis, evaluation, and application. The initial questions were…

Kurfman, Dana

206

Lessons from History: Defining Moments in the American Presidency and Foreign Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For much of American history, political leaders have stood by a principle that "politics stops at the water's edge." While political disagreements about domestic policies are seen as inevitable and even healthy, there has been a tradition of trying to avoid partisan disagreements over foreign policy. As a result, intense disagreements over foreign…

Claunch, Ann

2008-01-01

207

History, philosophy and science teaching: Current british, American and Australian developments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The history and philosophy of science components of the new British National Curriculum, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science Project 2061 curriculum guidelines are described. Some curriculum background is given to these developments; and a contemporary international project concerned with the utilization of the history and philosophy of science in science teaching and teacher education is also described. Finally the recent Discipline Review of the Training of Science and Mathematics Teachers in Australia is examined and criticised for its lack of recommendations about the need for appropriate history and philosophy of science courses to be included in science teacher education programmes.

Matthews, Michael R.

1990-01-01

208

What lies beneath: reading the cultural landscape of graveyard and burial grounds in African-American history and Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study probes beneath the surface of history, culture, and memory to unearth what lies beneath the socially constructed landscapes of African-American graveyards and burial grounds. The purpose is to examine “the roots” in the cultural landscape of graveyards and burial grounds to discover how African-American writers have attempted to recapture and reclaim the cultural history and memories associated with

Deborah Lafayette Henderson

2008-01-01

209

Native Americans: The Struggle for the Plains. Globe Mosaic of American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook focuses on Native American life on the Great Plains during the 19th century, the wars fought between the United States and the tribes for control of the Plains, and the Indians' loss and removal to reservations. Chapters cover: (1) how various tribes migrated to the Plains, hunting culture, the importance of the buffalo and the…

Lewin, Stephen, Ed.; And Others

210

The American Italians: Their History and Culture. Minorities in American Life Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book takes an historical approach to the immigrant experience as well as describing why immigrants left Italy, how they were changed by American culture, how they fared, and where they settled. After examining the immigrants' role within the political, economic, and cultural life of the United States, the book discusses their current…

Rolle, Andrew F.

211

Backlash against American psychology: an indigenous reconstruction of the history of German critical psychology.  

PubMed

After suggesting that all psychologies contain indigenous qualities and discussing differences and commonalities between German and North American historiographies of psychology, an indigenous reconstruction of German critical psychology is applied. It is argued that German critical psychology can be understood as a backlash against American psychology, as a response to the Americanization of German psychology after WWII, on the background of the history of German psychology, the academic impact of the Cold War, and the trajectory of personal biographies and institutions. Using an intellectual-historical perspective, it is shown how and which indigenous dimensions played a role in the development of German critical psychology as well as the limitations to such an historical approach. Expanding from German critical psychology, the role of the critique of American psychology in various contexts around the globe is discussed in order to emphasize the relevance of indigenous historical research. PMID:23394178

Teo, Thomas

2013-02-01

212

Military Pedagogy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The term 'military pedagogy' is defined in the 1966 Soviet 'Officer's Library' Dictionary of Basic Military Terms as 'a field of pedagogical and military science investigating and developing the most efficient methods of communist teaching, military educa...

1973-01-01

213

Juan Comas's summary history of the American association of physical anthropologists (1928-1968).  

PubMed

This translation of Juan Comas's Summary History of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists was originally published in Spanish by the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, in 1969 (Departamento de Investigaciones Antropológicas, Publication 22). Physical anthropologists from North America and members of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists owe Juan Comas a debt of gratitude for having labored to produce this Summary History of the AAPA. There is much useful and interesting material in this document: extensive endnotes that are helpful to the historian of the profession; an appendix of the Journal issues where the proceedings of annual meetings can be found; a detailed listing of contributors of papers to annual meetings from 1930-1968; a warm acknowledgment and history of the contributions of the Wenner-Gren Foundation to biological anthropology; a history of the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology; and comments on the short-lived PA Newsletter. In addition, there are appendices with the founding AAPA Constitution and By-Laws from 1930 and as they existed in 1968. All of this synoptic information saves the reader with interests in the history of the AAPA considerable effort, especially when few university and college libraries have the full (old and new) series of the AJPA on their shelves. We have tried to provide a translation of Comas's history that is faithful to the original Spanish-language publication. In a few cases, we shortened sentences and applied a slightly more modern usage than was popular in the late 1960s. PMID:16369964

Alfonso, Marta P; Little, Michael A

2005-01-01

214

Lessons on the Constitution: Supplements to High School Courses in American Government and American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to be used in combination with standard high school textbooks in U.S. history and government, these lessons on the U.S. Constitution can be used singly or in varying combinations and most can be completed in one or two class meetings. There are five chapters. Chapter I is an introduction for teachers. Chapter II includes lessons about the…

Patrick, John J.; Remy, Richard C.

215

The Negro in Modern American History Textbooks. Fourth Edition. An Examination and Analysis of the Treatment of Black History in Selected Junior and Senior High School Level History Textbooks, as of September 1972. Curricular Viewpoints Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet comprises a compendium of reviews of the following American-history texts on the junior-high school, senior-high school, or junior-senior-high school levels: (1) "Perspectives in United States History," Hovenier, et al.; (2) "Quest for Liberty," Chapin, et al.; (3) "Rise of the American Nation," Todd, et al.; (4) "The People Make a…

Sloan, Irwing

216

The history and visions of African American psychology: multiple pathways to place, space, and authority.  

PubMed

The author describes the multiple pathways of events and strategies that served to nurture African American psychology in the United States. Special attention is given to strategies for inclusion and empowerment used in 4 psychological professional and scholarly associations: the American Counseling Association, the American Psychological Association, the Association of Black Psychologists, and the Society for Research in Child Development. In addition, the author describes 4 major intellectual traditions that informed not only the strategies of inclusion but also the theoretical, research, and intervention perspectives and other professional and academic efforts of African American psychologists. Those perspectives are the Afrocentric/African-centered tradition derived from longstanding nationalist/Pan-African and culturally centered traditions within African American communities; the social contextual/multidisciplinary research tradition of the University of Chicago School of Social Science; the empirical social science research tradition of the University of Michigan; and the Black scholar/activist tradition of Howard University. This article also presents a chronological timeline of major events in the history of African American psychology. PMID:19916668

Holliday, Bertha Garrett

2009-10-01

217

China's Forbearance Has Limits: Chinese Threat and Retaliation Signaling and Its Implications for a Sino-American Military Confrontation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since its founding in 1949, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has employed military force in defense of China's security and territorial integrity. In many such instances, Beijing implemented a calculus of threat and retaliation signals intended first ...

A. L. Miller P. H. Godwin

2013-01-01

218

Consortium for health and military performance and American College of Sports Medicine Summit: utility of functional movement assessment in identifying musculoskeletal injury risk.  

PubMed

Prevention of musculoskeletal injuries (MSKI) is critical in both civilian and military populations to enhance physical performance, optimize health, and minimize health care expenses. Developing a more unified approach through addressing identified movement impairments could result in improved dynamic balance, trunk stability, and functional movement quality while potentially minimizing the risk of incurring such injuries. Although the evidence supporting the utility of injury prediction and return-to-activity readiness screening tools is encouraging, considerable additional research is needed regarding improving sensitivity, specificity, and outcomes, and especially the implementation challenges and barriers in a military setting. If selected current functional movement assessments can be administered in an efficient and cost-effective manner, utilization of the existing tools may be a beneficial first step in decreasing the burden of MSKI, with a subsequent focus on secondary and tertiary prevention via further assessments on those with prior injury history. PMID:24412892

Teyhen, Deydre; Bergeron, Michael F; Deuster, Patricia; Baumgartner, Neal; Beutler, Anthony I; de la Motte, Sarah J; Jones, Bruce H; Lisman, Peter; Padua, Darin A; Pendergrass, Timothy L; Pyne, Scott W; Schoomaker, Eric; Sell, Timothy C; O'Connor, Francis

2014-01-01

219

Music in the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a very brief history of military bands, the author describes the musical performance opportunities currently available in the United States Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force, and Coast Guard, for young musicians who may wish to enlist. (SJL)

Young, Amanda

1981-01-01

220

[Contribution of the Vishnevsky Central Military Clinical Hospital N 3 to the history of combat casualty care and delivery of care to the injured soldiers].  

PubMed

The article is dedicated to the 45-year history of combat casualty care in the Vishnevsky Central Military Clinical Hospital N 3. In the echelon system of medical care the Vishnevsky Central Military Clinical Hospital N 3 ranks the echelon (level) N 3. Specialists of the hospital, along with a medical and preventive activity, practice methodological, educational and innovative activity, participate in different scientific forums. Temporary duty assignment to the combat, human-made disaster and natural disaster areas is a real functional test. 64 physicians have an extreme situation experience. The Vishnevsky Central Military Clinical Hospital N 3 is a clinical base of department of surgery, advanced physician training department, combat casualty care department of the Institute for advanced physician training of Mandryka scientific and educational clinical center. For the purpose of reducing the terms and improving the quality of medical care it was suggested to make the integration connections with leading hospitals of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. PMID:24000625

Beliakin, S A; Dolgikh, R N; Fokin, Iu N

2013-05-01

221

Cambridge History of English and American Literature: An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week, Bartleby.com (last reviewed in the December 10, 1999 Scout Report) announced the online publication of all eighteen volumes of the classic Cambridge History of English and American Literature. This excellent free resource "comprises the largest public reference work of literary criticism and history on the Internet." Originally published in 1907-1921, the volumes include 303 chapters and more than 11,000 pages, edited and written by a worldwide panel of 171 leading scholars and thinkers of the early twentieth century. The online version features over 5,600 files, searchable by keyword and browseable by volume, chapter, and section. The electronic Cambridge History also includes chapter and bibliography indexes. Although a bit dated in parts, these eighteen volumes are a valuable, and now easily accessible, research tool for secondary and university students.

222

Foster Care History and HIV Infection among Drug-Using African American Female Sex Workers  

PubMed Central

Foster care has been associated with increased HIV risk behaviors among youth, yet long-term association with HIV infection has not been examined. This study explored the associations between foster placement, victimization, mental health, onset of sex work and HIV infection among highly vulnerable female sex workers. 562 drug-involved African American women were enrolled into an intervention study to increase health services utilization and reduce HIV risk. Seventeen percent reported a history of foster placement. Foster history was associated with significantly lower educational attainment, higher victimization, and more severe mental health problems. Women with foster histories reported significantly earlier entry into paid sex work, with some 62% active in the sex trade before age 18. Multivariate analyses found that foster care was independently associated with HIV seropositivity, and that early sex work partially mediated this association. The potential long-term health vulnerabilities associated with foster placement are understudied and warrant additional research.

Surratt, Hilary L.; Kurtz, Steven P.

2011-01-01

223

The American Colonist's Library: A Treasury of Primary Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Richard Gardiner, a history instructor, the American Colonist's Library is a comprehensive webliography of primary source documents pertaining to early American history that are currently available online. Included in the list are links to historical sources that influenced American colonists, online collections of the work of major early American political leaders, the text of the Acts of Parliament concerning the American Colonies, numerous American Revolution military documents, and much more. The hundreds of documents in the webliography are grouped chronologically from 500 BC to 1800 AD. Many of the links to the online documents include a very brief gloss explaining the content or importance of the item.

224

Teaching Economics in American History: A Teacher's Manual for Secondary Schools. Second Edition. JCEE Checklist No. 334.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this book is to point out events reported in the typical U.S. history course that can be enriched by a consideration of relevant economic topics. The book is organized chronologically by 21 topics: explorers and the early American colonies; the American Revolution; the Confederation period and the Constitutional Convention;…

Dawson, George G.; Prehn, Edward C.

225

Food in American History, Part 6—Beef (Part 1): Reconstruction and Growth Into the 20th Century (1865–1910).  

PubMed

This sixth installment of Food in American History series considers 1865 through 1910, covering America’s reconstruction and growth after the Civil War, with beef as the central food theme. Part 1 follows the rise of the hamburger as an icon in American culture. PMID:15076706

Grivetti, Louis E.; Corlett, Jan L.; Gordon, Bertram M.; Lockett, Cassius T.

2004-01-01

226

Readings in American History (In Their Own Words), Book II: Growth of the New Nation and Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills-text is the second of four books in the series "Readings in American History." The materials allow opportunities to improve reading and comprehension skills in a subject matter context by using certain primary sources related to the topic. Book 2 covers the period immediately following the American Revolution to the election of Abraham…

Abramowitz, Jack

227

Principal host relationships and evolutionary history of the North American arenaviruses  

PubMed Central

A previous study suggested that the genomes of the arenaviruses native to North America are a product of genetic recombination between New World arenaviruses with significantly different phylogenetic histories. The purpose of this study was to extend our knowledge of the principal host relationships and evolutionary history of the North American arenaviruses. The results of this study suggest that the large-eared woodrat (Neotoma macrotis) is a principal host of Bear Canyon virus and that the present-day association of Bear Canyon virus with the California mouse (Peromyscus californicus) in southern California represents a successful host-jumping event from the large-eared woodrat to the California mouse. Together, the results of analyses of viral gene sequence data in this study and our knowledge of the phylogeography of the rodents that serve as principal hosts of the New World arenaviruses suggest that genetic recombination between arenaviruses with significantly different phylogenetic histories did not play a role in the evolution of the North American arenaviruses.

Cajimat, Maria N.B.; Milazzo, Mary Louise; Hess, Barry D.; Rood, Michael P.; Fulhorst, Charles F.

2007-01-01

228

Principal host relationships and evolutionary history of the North American arenaviruses.  

PubMed

A previous study suggested that the genomes of the arenaviruses native to North America are a product of genetic recombination between New World arenaviruses with significantly different phylogenetic histories. The purpose of this study was to extend our knowledge of the principal host relationships and evolutionary history of the North American arenaviruses. The results of this study suggest that the large-eared woodrat (Neotoma macrotis) is a principal host of Bear Canyon virus and that the present-day association of Bear Canyon virus with the California mouse (Peromyscus californicus) in southern California represents a successful host-jumping event from the large-eared woodrat to the California mouse. Together, the results of analyses of viral gene sequence data in this study and our knowledge of the phylogeography of the rodents that serve as principal hosts of the New World arenaviruses suggest that genetic recombination between arenaviruses with significantly different phylogenetic histories did not play a role in the evolution of the North American arenaviruses. PMID:17624390

Cajimat, Maria N B; Milazzo, Mary Louise; Hess, Barry D; Rood, Michael P; Fulhorst, Charles F

2007-10-25

229

Celebrating Black History: African-American Athletic Pioneers at the University of Wisconsin, 1900-1970  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the integration of African-Americans into the world of professional sports is very well-documented, quite a bit less is known about the various African-American pioneers in the world of collegiate athletics. Helping fill this gap is a nice online exhibit dedicated to exploring the various individuals who led the way in this arena at the University of Wisconsin from the years 1900 to 1970. The site was created by Gregory Bond, a graduate student at the university, and includes a timeline of relevant events. Examples include looking back to 1875, which saw the first African-American graduate from the University, a section on pioneers in a host of various sports at the school, and a documents section that includes a faculty resolution in 1939 opposing a Jim Crow-style track meet in Columbia, Missouri. For anyone interested in this interesting (and somewhat under-examined) aspect of integration in American history, this site is worth a look.

Bond, Gregory

230

An American health dilemma: a history of blacks in the health system.  

PubMed Central

The present black health crisis is a continuum. After 346 years of neglect, flawed efforts were made to admit black Americans to the "mainstream" health system. Gains were significant from 1965 to 1975; however, since then black health status has eroded. Since colonial times, the racial dilemma that affected America's liberal democratic system also distorted medical relationships and institutions. There are clear connections between campaigns to defeat bills that would improve the health of blacks and other disadvantaged groups and acquiescence with the present reassignment of them to the underfunded, overcrowded, inferior, public health-care sector. Physician leadership helped to establish the slaveocracy, create the racial inferiority myths, and build the segregated health subsystem for blacks and the poor. Clearly, if the history-based health disparities are to be resolved, black physician leadership will be necessary. Without justice and equity in health care, the dream of Martin Luther King will never become a reality for African Americans.

Byrd, W. M.; Clayton, L. A.

1992-01-01

231

To Study, to Control, and to Love: Women Scientists in American Natural History Institutions, 1880--1950  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1880 and 1950, women entered American natural history institutions significant numbers. In herbaria, natural history museums, arboreta, botanical gardens, and related institutions, women participated as patrons, curators, volunteers, club members, and in other significant roles. In fact, women managed collections and held high-ranking curatorial positions for several decades at institutions across the United States. However, despite their success, these

Leslie Madsen-Brooks

2006-01-01

232

Mexican American History as an Elective High School Subject: Promoting Ethnic Literacy and Citizenship among DNISD Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At Del Norte Independent School District (DNISD) (El Paso, Texas), Mexican American students are the majority ethnic group, but their history and culture have not been incorporated into the high school curriculum. Hence a goal of citizenship education, to increase student understanding of their own ethnic heritage and its part in U.S. history, is…

Sianez, Steve

233

Sharing Our Teachers: The Required Graduate Class at the American Museum of Natural History for Lehman College (CUNY)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reflective study explores the history and outcomes of a teacher education collaboration between the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) and Lehman College of The City University of New York (CUNY), in the Bronx, NY, USA. AMNH developed and teaches a Lehman course, Museum Resources for Teaching Science, for Master's degree candidates in…

Aquino, Adriana E.; Kelly, Angela M.; Bayne, Gillian U.

2010-01-01

234

A multilocus perspective on the speciation history of a North American aridland toad (Anaxyrus punctatus).  

PubMed

Interpretations of phylogeographic patterns can change when analyses shift from single gene-tree to multilocus coalescent analyses. Using multilocus coalescent approaches, a species tree and divergence times can be estimated from a set of gene trees while accounting for gene-tree stochasticity. We utilized the conceptual strengths of a multilocus coalescent approach coupled with complete range-wide sampling to examine the speciation history of a broadly distributed, North American warm-desert toad, Anaxyrus punctatus. Phylogenetic analyses provided strong support for three major lineages within A. punctatus. Each lineage broadly corresponded to one of three desert regions. Early speciation in A. punctatus appeared linked to late Miocene-Pliocene development of the Baja California peninsula. This event was likely followed by a Pleistocene divergence associated with the separation of the Chihuahuan and Sonoran Deserts. Our multilocus coalescent-based reconstruction provides an informative contrast to previous single gene-tree estimates of the evolutionary history of A. punctatus. PMID:22579923

Bryson, Robert W; Jaeger, Jef R; Lemos-Espinal, Julio A; Lazcano, David

2012-09-01

235

A brief perspective on the early history of American infectious disease epidemiology.  

PubMed Central

The early history of epidemiology is closely linked to the history of infectious diseases and can be divided into three distinct periods. The earliest period, which can be traced to the writings of Hippocrates in the third and fourth centuries B.C., was that of clinical description of diseases with little investigation into their specific characteristics and etiologies. The second period, spanning the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, may be distinguished by the rejection of early Hippocratic and Galenic doctrines and the more systematic description of morbid conditions. The third period, which was marked by the discovery of specific microbial causes of disease, spurred an extraordinary growth of knowledge and scientific exploration. This period will be the main focus of the paper, as it had the greatest influence on the development of American infectious disease epidemiology.

Kass, E. H.

1987-01-01

236

Revolution in Military Affairs: Allied Perspectives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The revolution in military affairs (RMA) is an American concept that frames a debate about the restructuring of American military forces in the period of globalization of the American economy. A core task for U.S. allies is to seek to understand the Ameri...

R. F. Laird H. H. Mey

1999-01-01

237

Women of the World, Re-Write! Women in American World History High School Textbooks from the 1960s, 1980s, and 1990s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is the world history counterpart to a previous paper on American history textbooks, "How Much of the Sky? Women in American History High School Textbooks from the 1960s, 1980s and 1990s," Social Education, January/February 2004. The authors of this article examined six books from each decade, the 1960s, 1980s, and 1990s. The analysis…

Clark, Roger; Ayton, Kieran; Frechette, Nicole; Keller, Pamela J.

2005-01-01

238

Perspectives:The Strength of a People: Exploring the Impact of History and Culture on African American Families Who Are Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors share their perspective on how the history of African American's in the U.S., and an awareness of the role of African cultural traditions, can provide insight on working effectively with African American families.

Temple, Tabitha; Diamond-Berry, Kimberly

2010-01-01

239

Treatment History in the Psychosis Prodrome: Characteristics of the North American Prodrome Longitudinal Study Cohort  

PubMed Central

Aim Early identification and better characterization of the prodromal phase of psychotic illness can lead to targeted treatment and perhaps prevention of many of the devastating effects of a first psychotic episode. The primary aim of this manuscript is to describe the treatment histories of a large cohort of individuals who entered into one of seven prodromal research programs in a North American Prodrome Longitudinal Study consortium. Methods Treatment histories from 372 clinical high risk subjects are described along with demographic, symptom, diagnostic and functional variables that may have contributed to treatment decisions for this group of individuals. Results Of all subjects included, 82.1% had received psychosocial and/or pharmacologic treatment prior to entry. Psychosocial interventions were more common in the attenuated psychotic syndrome prodromal sample, especially those with more negative, disorganized or general symptoms and more impaired functioning. Psychotropic medication had been administered to individuals with a history of Axis I disorders. Conclusions Given the many potential clinical presentations, treatments, and ethical issues connected with the psychosis-risk syndrome, it is not surprising that clinicians administered a broad range of interventions to study participants prior to their entry into the various research programs. Those individuals with milder and nonspecific symptoms were more likely to have received psychosocial treatments, while those with more severe symptoms received pharmacologic intervention. Clinical treatment research is needed that addresses the complexities of these psychosis-risk states and helps to specify appropriate treatment at different stages of the psychosis prodrome.

Cadenhead, Kristin S.; Addington, Jean; Cannon, Tyrone; Cornblatt, Barbara; McGlashan, Thomas; Perkins, Diana; Seidman, Larry; Tsuang, Ming; Walker, Elaine; Woods, Scott; Heinssen, Robert

2011-01-01

240

History of Indian Arts Education in Santa Fe: The Institute of American Indian Arts with Historical Background 1890 to 1962.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book traces the history of the Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Sections cover four time periods in the evolution of the Institute: the United States Indian Industrial School at Sante Fe, 1890-1932; the Santa Fe Indian School, 1930-62; and the Institute of American Indian Arts, 1962-70 and 1970-78. The United States…

Garmhausen, Winona

241

Online Physics Education Resources from the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Through its National Center for Science Literacy, Education and Technology, the American Museum of Natural History has created a rich array of physics education resources for teachers, students and the general public. Many of these resources, which include essays, images, videos and interactive simulations, leverage ongoing research within the Division of Physical Sciences at the Museum as well as exhibitions and specimens from the Museum's collections. The online resources featured include Science Bulletins (current research and recent discoveries) , Ology (a website for children), Resources for Learning (a searchable database of curricular resources) and Seminars on Science (online teacher professional development). The genesis of these projects, their underlying strategies and their implementation will be reviewed. Sample resources will be presented, including colliding galaxies, the tracking of near-Earth asteroids, Einstein's legacy and geophysics. A CD of physics resources from the Museum will be provided to attendees.

Steiner, Robert

2006-04-01

242

The American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition 1909-1915  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1909, scientists Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin, as well as numerous assistants, set out into the remote Central African Congo River basin to explore and catalog the many extraordinary plant and animal species found within. This fabulous new Web sitefrom the American Museum of Natural History details the six-year expedition that resulted in the first comprehensive study of the Congo basin. This online exhibit includes field notes, photographs, illustrations, interactive maps, and films of early 20th century Congo biological and cultural features. There is also a searchable collection of scientific publications, many of which were authored by Lang, Chapin, and their contemporaries. This is a rich resource that is likely to appeal to many. This site is also reviewed in the March 8, 2002 Scout Report.

2002-01-01

243

Military GSM.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military GSM (MGSM) is a term defined here to mean the redesigned and adapted use of civil Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) technology within military scenarios and isolated deployments. MGSM is a first step towards bringing the future benefi...

V. P. Scaffidi

1994-01-01

244

American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The project will provide information about the American Revolution. America's Journey to Independence provides an overview of the factors that contributed to American Independence. Figures of the American Revolution WebQuest shows certain important figures of the American Revolution. Such figures include John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison. Primary Documents in American History provides primary documents from American History. Primary documents pertaining to the American Revolution are provided. Research, ' Riting, and Revolution for Mr. Bishop's U.S. History Class is ...

Brooks

2009-10-13

245

A geophysically constrainedlarge ensemble analysis of the d eglacial history of the North American ice-sheet complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past reconstructions of the deglaciation history of the North American (NA) ice-sheet complex have relied either on largely unconstrained and limited explorations of the phase space of solutions produced by glaciological models or upon geophysical inversions of relative sea-level (RSL) data which suffer from incomplete geographic coverage of the glaciated regions, load history amplitude\\/timing ambiguities, and a lack of a

L. Tarasov

246

Objects and Objectivity: The Evolution Controversy at the American Museum of Natural History, 1915-1928  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the purpose of this essay, I examine how evolutionary theory was treated and responded to in the American Museum of Natural History’s Hall of the Age of Man during the early 1900s. Specifically, I examine how the curatorial work of the museum’s president, Henry Fairfield Osborn, relied on the purported use of objectivity as a means by which to communicate the validity of evolutionary theory through the objects in his exhibit. But objectivity represented a resource for anti-evolution critics as well. To show this, I likewise examine how the Baptist pastor, John Roach Straton, responded to Osborn’s objects and purported use of objectivity in the Hall of the Age of Man and how he himself attempted to establish a different type of objectivity through pluralistic approaches to theories of origins. Established as a common value, objectivity ceased to be a simple discriminator between scientists and non-scientists within the debate over evolution. While issues over the teaching of evolutionary theory during this period are already well known, I show here that the controversy over evolutionary theory was not only an issue within public schools during the early 1900s, but also within the museum as an institute of public education and how the rhetorical role of objects and space were critical components of argument for both evolutionists and creationists.

Homchick, Julie

2010-05-01

247

Teaching American History: The Influence of Professional Development on Elementary Teacher's Self-Efficacy and Classroom Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This multiple case study examined the efforts of six elementary school teachers in their implementation of new instructional strategies in their fifth grade social studies classrooms following their participation in a weeklong Summer Institute focusing on American history. The study was guided by one grand tour question and one sub-tour question.…

Hartman, Stephanie

2010-01-01

248

Online Teacher Education: A Formal-Informal Partnership between Brooklyn College and the American Museum of Natural History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the evolution of a partnership between Brooklyn College (BC) of the City University of New York (CUNY) and the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) that ultimately resulted in the formal incorporation of the museum's online Seminars on Science (SoS) courses into master's degree programs at Brooklyn College for teachers…

Miele, Eleanor; Shanley, Deborah; Steiner, Robert V.

2010-01-01

249

Ten Years of Youth Programs at the American Museum of Natural History: An Independent Perspective and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report, the author shares her perspective on ten years of science-rich programming for high school youth at the American Museum of Natural History. This report includes: (1) A discussion of the theory of action and the rationale that underlies the AMNH youth programs; (2) A description of three of the programs that have been offered and…

Carroll, Becky

2008-01-01

250

Readings in American History (In Their Own Words), Book IV. The United States in the Twentieth Century and Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills-text is one of four books in the series "Readings in American History." The materials allow opportunities to improve reading and comprehension skills in a subject matter context by using certain primary sources related to the topic. Book 4 covers the period from World War I through the Reagan years. Each lesson includes short readings…

Abramowitz, Jack

251

The American Land. Its History, Soil, Water, Wildlife, Agricultural Land Planning, and Land Problems of Today and Tomorrow.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in this booklet is the commentary for "The American Land," a television series prepared by the Soil Conservation Service and the Graduate School, United States Department of Agriculture, in cooperation with WETA - TV, Washington, D.C. It explores the resource of land in America, its history, soil, water, wildlife, agricultural land…

Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

252

African American History, Race and Textbooks: An Examination of the Works of Harold O. Rugg and Carter G. Woodson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes that as a way to broaden the theoretical and historical context of social studies foundational literature and curriculum history, attention must be given to issues of race and racism related the experiences of African Americans. First, race and racism should be used as an analytical tool to examine longstanding foundations…

King, LaGarrett J.; Davis, Christopher; Brown, Anthony L.

2012-01-01

253

The Trouble with Unifying Narratives: African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement in U.S. History Content Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textual analysis is a collective case study of K-12 United States History content standards in light of how they represent the historical experiences of African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement. The study uses a multi-perspective critical conceptual framework to evaluate the standards for nine state-level polities on both the…

Anderson, Carl B.

2013-01-01

254

Hopelessness as Mediator of the Link Between Reports of a History of Child Maltreatment and Suicidality in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Findings from a study comparing reports of a history of child maltreatment and hope- lessness in a sample of economically, socially, and educationally disadvantaged young urban African American women suicide attempters (nD 176) and demographically similar nonattempters (nD 185) revealed higher rates of child maltreatment and hope- lessness among attempters than those among their nonsuicidal counterparts. Using a mediational model

Lindi A. Meadows; Nadine J. Kaslow

2002-01-01

255

Hopelessness as Mediator of the Link Between Reports of a History of Child Maltreatment and Suicidality in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Findings from a study comparing reports of a history of child maltreatment and hopelessness in a sample of economically, socially, and educationally disadvantaged young urban African American women suicide attempters (n = 176) and demographically similar nonattempters (n = 185) revealed higher rates of child maltreatment and hopelessness among attempters than those among their nonsuicidal counterparts. Using a mediational model

Lindi A. Meadows; Nadine J. Kaslow

2002-01-01

256

3 CFR 8103 - Proclamation 8103 of January 26, 2007. National African American History Month, 2007  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

With grace and determination, African-American men and women have shaped our Nation and influenced American life. Frederick Douglass, W.E.B. DuBois, Rosa Parks, and Martin Luther King, Jr., advanced the cause of civil rights for all Americans and helped change the course of American...

2008-01-01

257

Okinawa: The American Years 1945-1972  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Department of History at Texas A&M-Commerce, this site offers an excellent starting point for research on the American military occupation of Okinawa. Users will find brief biographies of key figures, a chronology, photos, editorial cartoons and related links. The core of the site is a collection of annotated bibliographic essays on archives, books, films, and oral histories related to this topic. Where possible, these essays offer hypertext links to the sources mentioned.

Sarantakes, Nicholas Evan, 1966-

258

Recasting History: Are Race, Class, and Gender Dominating American History? A Study of U.S. History Courses at the University of Texas and Texas A&M University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1971, the state of Texas enacted a legislative requirement that students at public institutions complete two courses in American history. With that mandate in mind, the Texas Association of Scholars and the National Association of Scholars' Center for the Study of the Curriculum proposed to determine how students today meet the requirement, and…

Fonte, Richard W.; Wood, Peter W.; Thorne, Ashley

2013-01-01

259

Biogeographic patterns in life history traits of the Pan-American sandy beach isopod Excirolana braziliensis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biogeographic patterns in life history traits of the Pan-American sandy beach isopod Excirolana braziliensis were analyzed to determine latitudinal variations along its distribution, from tropical (9°N) to temperate (39°S) sandy beaches in Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Population features exhibited systematic geographical patterns of variation: (1) an increase in individual sizes and growth rates towards temperate beaches, following an inverse relationship with mean water temperature of the surf zone; (2) a shift from almost continuous to seasonal growth from subtropical to temperate Atlantic beaches and a positive relationship between amplitude of intra-annual growth oscillations and temperature range; (3) a linear decrease in life span and an increase in natural mortality from temperate to subtropical beaches; and (4) an increase in the individual mass-at-size (length-mass relationship) from subtropical to temperate beaches. Analyses discriminated by sex were consistent with the patterns illustrated above. Local effects of temperature and beach morphodynamics are discussed. Our results demonstrate that the population dynamics of E. braziliensis is highly plastic over latitudinal gradients, with large-scale variations in temperature and concurrent environmental variables leading to an adjustment of the phenotype-environment relationship.

Cardoso, Ricardo S.; Defeo, Omar

2004-11-01

260

Chatham County, Community at the Crossroads: A Southern/African American Oral History Seminar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the course "Introduction to Oral History," taught the University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill) that explores southern and African history since World War II. Emphasizes the history of Chatham County, a rural community south of Chapel Hill. (CMK)

Love, Spencie

2000-01-01

261

Ellington Field: A Short History, 1917-1962  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document details the chronological history of an air field in Southeast Texas that currently serves as an adjunct to NASA Johnson Space Center as well as a civilian/military air field. The field was built early in the 20th century, soon after airplane flight became a recognized factor in American military applications, was central to a wide variety of military uses throughout this century, and remains viable for such purposes in addition to serving a vital role in NASA's training of astronauts.

Carlson, Erik

1999-01-01

262

Forgotten History: Mexican American School Segregation in Arizona from 1900–1951  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article documents the efforts by Mexican Americans to challenge school segregation in Arizona in the first half of the twentieth century. As in Texas and California, although state law never formally mandated the segregation of Mexican American students, school districts in Arizona often established separate “Mexican Schools” for Mexican American students. While districts argued that segregation was necessary because

Jeanne M. Powers

2008-01-01

263

More Thin French Women, More Obese American Women : Why ? Lessons from a Century of Comparative History  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that Americans, including American women, have greater problems with obesity than their counterparts in other industrial societies, including of course France. This difference, which emerged during the course of the 20 th century and accelerated during the 1990s, offers an opportunity for comparative analysis and even, however tentatively, recommendation. It is possible to explain the American

Peter N. Stearns

2008-01-01

264

The Manifestation of Critical Thinking and Metacognition in Secondary American History Students through the Implementation of Lesson Plans and Activities Consistent with Historical Thinking Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intent of this study was to determine the effect teaching students to think “historically” in high school American history had on their metacognitive skills and ability to think critically. According to many researchers, encouraging students to employ historical thinking skills is key to engaging students in history. History, according to Wineburg, “holds the potential, only partially realized, of humanizing

Anthony Michael Pellegrino

2007-01-01

265

Farewell, My Nation. The American Indian and the United States, 1820-1890. The American History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the formation of U.S. government policy toward the American Indian tribes during the period 1820-1890. Chapter 1 describes the early 19th century debate between the Gradualists, who believed in the peaceful assimilation of the Indians into white society, and the Removalists, who advocated forced removal of the tribes to the…

Weeks, Philip

266

New York City International Polar Weekend at the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Museum of Natural History, in partnership with Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and the Earth Institute of Columbia University and Barnard College, is featuring the International Polar Year through a New York City International Polar Weekend (NYC-IPW) in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The event showcases current polar research, polar environmental changes, history and culture during two days of family programs and activities, performances, and lectures. The goal of the NYC-IPW is to engage diverse audiences and enhance the public understanding of polar science, in particular IPY research, through close interactions with polar experts. Activities for the public include many disciplines, ranging from the physical sciences and cultural anthropology to music and art, and are presented in many forms, from lectures, panels and films to posters and play. Highlights of the NYC-IPW include: 1) A polar fair for youth and adults, showcasing scientists, artists, and educators who have worked at one or both poles and including many interactive exhibits featuring such topics as life in New York at the end of the last Ice Age, how Arctic sea ice is changing, and life on and under the ice. 2) Performances and presentations oriented towards children and families, including Inuit Throat Singers, Central Park Zoo Theater Group, and a northern lights show. 3) Lectures showcasing current IPY research and addressing such issues as the possible effects of climate change on the poles and the rest of the world, as well as polar poetry, art and film. 4) A partnership with New York City Urban Advantage program for Middle School students in the city to meet with scientists, teachers and students who had participated in polar research and travel. 5) Norwegian Consulate sponsorship of science presenters and Sami performers. The March 2007 event involved 85 presenters and volunteers from 22 institutions, and attracted ca. 3,500 visitors. Approximately 5,000 visitors attended the February 2008 event with 95 presenters and volunteers from 24 institutions. Visitors surveyed appreciated interacting with polar experts, gaining a new understanding of changing polar environments, and connecting science with art and culture. The NYC-IPW is a new and unique partnership between with the research community and public programming at AMNH that successfully engages the public in learning about the poles.

Pfirman, S.; Turrin, M.; Macphee, R.

2008-12-01

267

American Labor in U.S. History Textbooks: How Labor's Story Is Distorted in High School History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Imagine opening a high school U.S. history textbook and finding no mention of--or at most a passing sentence about--Valley Forge, the Missouri Compromise, or the League of Nations. Imagine not finding a word about Benjamin Franklin, Lewis and Clark, Sitting Bull, Andrew Carnegie, or Rosa Parks. Imagine if these key events and people just…

Cole, Paul F.; Megivern, Lori; Hilgert, Jeff

2011-01-01

268

A Comparison of HAART Outcomes between the US Military HIV Natural History Study (NHS) and HIV Atlanta Veterans Affairs Cohort Study (HAVACS)  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provide comprehensive HIV treatment and care to their beneficiaries with open access and few costs to the patient. Individuals who receive HIV care in the VA have higher rates of substance abuse, homelessness and unemployment than individuals who receive HIV care in the DoD. A comparison between individuals receiving HIV treatment and care from the DoD and the VA provides an opportunity to explore the impact of individual-level characteristics on clinical outcomes within two healthcare systems that are optimized for clinic retention and medication adherence. Methods Data were collected on 1065 patients from the HIV Atlanta VA Cohort Study (HAVACS) and 1199 patients from the US Military HIV Natural History Study (NHS). Patients were eligible if they had an HIV diagnosis and began HAART between January 1, 1996 and June 30, 2010. The analysis examined the survival from HAART initiation to all-cause mortality or an AIDS event. Results Although there was substantial between-cohort heterogeneity and the 12-year survival of participants in NHS was significantly higher than in HAVACS in crude analyses, this survival disparity was reduced from 21.5% to 1.6% (mortality only) and 26.8% to 4.1% (combined mortality or AIDS) when controlling for clinical and demographic variables. Conclusion We assessed the clinical outcomes for individuals with HIV from two very similar government-sponsored healthcare systems that reduced or eliminated many barriers associated with accessing treatment and care. After controlling for clinical and demographic variables, both 12-year survival and AIDS-free survival rates were similar for the two study cohorts who have open access to care and medication despite dramatic differences in socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics.

Guest, Jodie L.; Weintrob, Amy C.; Rimland, David; Rentsch, Christopher; Bradley, William P.; Agan, Brian K.; Marconi, Vincent C.; Group, IDCRPHIV Working

2013-01-01

269

Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic IX.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four modules of classroom strategies provide suggestions for examining U.S. history in light of contemporary issues. "The Right to Life" uses the Karen Anne Quinlan case as a model for exploring moral, legal, and medical issues related to euthanasia. Students discuss the reasoning and viewpoints of various groups associated with the case, and they…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

270

Sexual Assault Histories and Evening Drinking among Young American Men in a High-Risk Drinking Environment  

PubMed Central

We surveyed young American men traveling to Tijuana, Mexico, from San Diego, California, for a weekend night out, collecting responses both southbound at the outset of the evening and northbound upon return at the end of the evening. Among 650 males, we examined the relationship between sexual histories and attitudes and alcohol use, both historically and on their night in Tijuana. Respondents with a history of coercing sex drank more in Tijuana and were more likely to binge drink. Although estimating sexual assaults committed by these males on the evening in question was not possible, this research establishes the link between a history of sexual assault and the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of young men resulting from an evening in a timeout environment.

Mumford, E. A.; Kelley-Baker, T.; Romano, E.

2010-01-01

271

Outcomes of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy in the Context of Universal Access to Healthcare: The U.S. Military HIV Natural History Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Background: To examine the outcomes of highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for individuals with free access to healthcare, we evaluated 2327 patients in a cohort study composed of military personnel and beneficiaries with HIV infection who initia...

A. C. Weintrob G. A. Grandits H. Chun M. L. Landrum V. C. Marconi

2010-01-01

272

Military issues.  

PubMed

This article reviews of some of the lessons in trauma psychiatry learned by the US military through wartime and other trauma experiences during the past century. Current practice in the military's employment of stress control teams is reviewed. The military's efforts to prevent and limit psychological casualties, to include the care of battle casualties and prisoners of war (POWs), are addressed. Recent experiences that have informed further, and are shaping the military's approach to managing the psychological aftermath of trauma (such as the Sept. 11, 2001, attack on the Pentagon and the current war with Iraq) are included. Guidelines developed after 9/11, and articulated in the "Mass Violence and Early Intervention" conference are presented. Finally, current ideas on preparation for and intervention after weapons of mass destruction will be outlined. PMID:15325487

Ritchie, Elspeth Cameron; Owens, Mark

2004-09-01

273

Military Exposures  

MedlinePLUS

... and environmental hazards during military service. Reports on Veterans' Health Care Use What are the most common diagnoses ... Language Surviving Spouses & Dependents Adaptive Sports Program ADMINISTRATION ... Benefits Administration National Cemetery Administration U.S. ...

274

American Women Through Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many resources that detail the contributions of women in American history, but this particular site does so in an organized and intelligent fashion. Created by Ken Middleton, a reference librarian at Middle Tennessee State University, the site is chronologically organized, and visitors can read through each area to learn about various online resources that deal with each historical era. The primary timeline covers the world of Native Americans all the way up to the year 2001. The site also has a "Other Timelines" section, which includes links to timelines that tell the stories of notable women in history and topical ones as well, such as those dealing with feminism, Jewish women, and women in the military.

Middleton, Ken, 1964-

275

Comparative Analysis of the Military Leadership Styles of Ernest J. King and Chester W. Nimitz.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a constantly changing world threatened by the likelihood of terrorist acts, the American people need military leaders who clearly demonstrate an understanding of American core values, and who are both competent and morally focused. To produce military ...

J. R. Hill

2009-01-01

276

Risk reduction for HIV-positive African American and Latino men with histories of childhood sexual abuse.  

PubMed

While the HIV epidemic has disproportionately affected African American and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM), few HIV prevention interventions have focused on African American and Latino men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW). Even fewer interventions target HIV-positive African American and Latino MSM and MSMW with histories of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), a population that may be vulnerable to high-risk sexual behaviors, having multiple sexual partners, and depression. The Men's Health Project, a small randomized clinical trial, compared the effects of two 6-session interventions, the Sexual Health Intervention for Men (S-HIM), guided by social learning theory and aimed at decreasing high-risk sexual behaviors, number of sexual partners, and depressive symptoms, and a standard health promotion control (SHP). A community sample of 137 HIV-positive gay and non-gay identifying African American and Latino MSM and MSMW with histories of CSA was recruited. Results were based on an "intent to treat" analyses of baseline to post, 3 and 6 month follow-ups. The sample as a whole reported reductions in sexual risk behaviors and number of sexual partners from baseline to post-test, and from the 3 to 6 month follow-ups, although the decrease in sexual risk behavior from baseline to post-test was significant only for S-HIM participants. No significant differences between conditions were reported for depressive symptoms, but the total sample reported a significant decrease at 6 months. These findings highlight the importance of addressing sexual decision-making and psychological adjustment for ethnic men, while being sensitive to CSA histories and sexual minority status, and suggest the need to develop additional strategies to heighten HIV risk reduction over time. PMID:18506611

Williams, John K; Wyatt, Gail E; Rivkin, Inna; Ramamurthi, Hema Codathi; Li, Xiaomin; Liu, Honghu

2008-10-01

277

Rethinking the Basic Writing Frontier: Native American Students' Challenge to Our Histories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that Native American students have too often been marginalized in Basic Writing research. Notes that educators must work against invisibility of Native American students as well as a collective lack of knowledge about how the cultural functions of tribal life impact writing skills. Concludes with tentative suggestions for future research…

Gray-Rosendale, Laura; Bird, Loyola K.; Bullock, Judith F.

2003-01-01

278

A Crucial Perspective on the Early History of American Black English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study develops specific facts about the nature of the Black English "lingua franca" which formed on the American eastern seaboard in the last half of the eighteenth century. Accepting an assumption that American English of this period was levelling into a "koine," this investigation attempts to characterize the consonant loss and substitution…

Donahue, Thomas S.

279

Women in History--Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte: American Physician and Heroine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article profiles Susan LaFlesche Picotte, the first Native American woman doctor in the United States. Several accounts record that at a very young age Picotte witnessed an incident involving a Caucasian doctor who refused to care for a dying Native American woman. Picotte was inspired by that incident to become a physician, ultimately…

Krumm, Bernita L.

2005-01-01

280

North American Droughts of the Mid-late Nineteenth Century: a History and Model Simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unlike the major droughts of the 20th century that are readily identified in the instrumental record, similar events in the 19th century have be identified using a combination of proxy data, historical accounts and a sparse collection of early instrumental records. In the United States, three distinct periods of widespread and persistent drought stand out in these records for the latter half of the 19th century: 1856-1865, 1870 -1878 and 1890 - 1896. Each of these events is shown to coincide with the existence of an anomalously cool, La Nina -like tropical Pacific. To examine the physical mechanisms behind these droughts two simple experiments were performed: the first forces an atmosphere general circulation model (AGCM) with the observed history of SSTs everywhere from 1856 to 2001 (the GOGA experiment), the second forces the AGCM only with tropical Pacific SSTs, being coupled to a two-layer entraining mixed layer (ML) ocean (the POGA-ML experiment). The AGCM used is the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Climate Community Model 3 (CCM3). The extent to which the ensemble mean of the climate model is able to simulate the observed drought intervals is a test of both whether the dry conditions are SST-forced, globally or from the tropical Pacific only, and also whether the model is able to capture this. Due to a sparsity of instrumental precipitation data at this time, proxy evidence from tree rings is used as verification. A comparison of modeled soil moisture with PDSI data, a proxy for soil moisture, from the North American Drought Atlas (Cook et al., 2001) is made. Both the POGA-ML and GOGA ensemble means capture the three multi-year droughts of the mid-late nineteenth century identified by the `drought atlas' PDSI data. In each case the models reproduce the large-scale features of these droughts, albeit with some error, indicating that the droughts were SST forced. The similarity of the POGA-ML and GOGA simulations implies that the component of the each drought signal that is forced by the SST is driven by the SST anomalies from within the tropical Pacific - a La Nina-like tropical Pacific. The global atmosphere-ocean context of the 1856 - 1865 `Civil War drought interval is also examined in more detail to elucidate the dynamical mechanism behind this particular drought - the severest of the century .

Herweijer, C.; Seager, R. C.

2004-12-01

281

Sources on US Naval History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hoping to facilitate more new research in its extensive holdings on American naval history, the Naval Historical Center has digitized its material, making more than two centuries of archival material readily available to interested parties. The Web site presents an alphabetic listing of every state in the nation, each of which link directly to primary source material on parties and organizations involved in American naval history in any way, whether it be in the form of production, administration, or active military service. Many of the states' listings link to historical societies and other archival resources, each of which call attention to notable maritime holdings in their collections. Beyond the above, Sources on US Naval History also links back to its creator, the Naval Historical Center, which is the historical branch of the Department of the Navy.

2002-01-01

282

A Look at the History of Blacks in American Movies: A Familiar Plot.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the various roles that Black actors have played in American movies and in the development of the motion picture industry. Calls for more important roles for Blacks, both as performers and as writers, directors, and producers. (DA)

Bogle, Donald

1983-01-01

283

3 CFR 8627 - Proclamation 8627 of February 1, 2011. National African American History Month, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...freedom. Beyond the battlefield, black men and women also supported the war effort by serving as surgeons, nurses, chaplains, spies, and in other essential roles. These brave Americans gave their energy, their spirit, and sometimes their lives for...

2012-01-01

284

3 CFR 8345 - Proclamation 8345 of February 2, 2009. National African American History Month, 2009  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...consciousness for decades. Through the work of Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman, Booker T. Washington and George Washington Carver, Martin Luther King and Thurgood Marshall, the African American community has steadily made progress...

2010-01-01

285

Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, & Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. New Expanded Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This classic, definitive study of Black images in American movies has been completely revised and updated to include new chapters on the films of the 1970s and 1980s. This new version of the book reveals the way in which the image of Blacks in American movies has changed--and also the way in which it has remained the same. Following a preface to…

Bogle, Donald

286

A Little History of North American Indians: The Navajos. New Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reprint of a 1909 volume portrays the life and history of the Navajo people, based on the personal experiences of an unusually enlightened white observer. The first three chapters cover the Navajo's early history, discovery by Spanish explorers, evidence of a prehistoric and possibly ancestral race, and the beauties of the Navajo's rugged…

Lipps, Oscar H.

287

History Writing that's "Good to Think with": "The Great Fire," "Blizzard!" and "An American Plague"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I argue that history books that are "good to think with" narrate history and, at the same time, provide insight into how it is constructed. These books are much more than collections of facts. Specifically, they provide information about historical context, multiple perspectives, sources of information, and original interpretation.…

Zarnowski, Myra

2009-01-01

288

The American History Videodisc (Second Edition), CD-ROM, and Master Guide [Multimedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource represents a virtual library of still and moving images, documents, maps, sound clips and text which make up United States history from the Pre Columbian era to the early 1990s. The interdisciplinary range of materials included is compatible with standard textbooks in middle and high school social science, social studies, history,…

1996

289

Literature Connections to American History, K-6: Resources to Enhance and Entice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 2,600 historical fiction novels, biographies, history trade books, CD-ROMs, and videotapes published between 1990 and 1998 are listed in this resource guide designed for teachers and librarians. The guide allows educators to easily locate quality materials to supplement U.S. history courses. Titles are listed first, according to grade…

Adamson, Lynda G.

290

Literature Connections to American History, 7-12: Resources to Enhance and Entice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 3,300 historical fiction novels, biographies, history trade books, CD-ROMs, and videotapes published between 1990 and 1998 are listed in this resource guide designed for teachers and librarians. The guide allows educators to easily locate quality materials to supplement U.S. history courses. Titles are listed first, according to grade…

Adamson, Lynda G.

291

Liberating History: The Context of the Challenge of Psychologists of Color to American Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of race and ethnicity in North America is long and complex. It has been fraught with racism and various forms of oppression—intellectual, social, and physical—and defies easy analysis. This article examines the history of race and ethnicity in the United States, and how it played out in the field of psychology. Although other articles in this issue examine

Wade E. Pickren

2009-01-01

292

Civilian-Military Relations in Latin America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For some time now, there has been debate in academic circles about just how much civilian politicians in Latin America need to know, and do, to control their militaries. David Pion-Berlin, a highly regarded scholar on Latin American civil-military relatio...

J. R. Goetze, T. C. Bruneau

2006-01-01

293

Varicella zoster virus in American Samoa: seroprevalence and predictive value of varicella disease history in elementary and college students.  

PubMed

The epidemiology of varicella is believed to differ between temperate and tropical countries. We conducted a varicella seroprevalence study in elementary and college students in the US territory of American Samoa before introduction of a routine varicella vaccination programme. Sera from 515 elementary and 208 college students were tested for the presence of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) IgG antibodies. VZV seroprevalence increased with age from 76·0% in the 4-6 years group to 97·7% in those aged ?23 years. Reported history of varicella disease for elementary students was significantly associated with VZV seropositivity. The positive and negative predictive values of varicella disease history were 93·4% and 36·4%, respectively, in elementary students and 97·6% and 3·0%, respectively, in college students. VZV seroprevalence in this Pacific island appears to be similar to that in temperate countries and suggests endemic VZV circulation. PMID:23890292

Mahamud, A; Leung, J; Masunu-Faleafaga, Y; Teshale, E; Williams, R; Dulski, T; Thieme, M; Garcia, P; Schmid, D S; Bialek, S R

2014-05-01

294

Civil-Military Relations Cube: A Synthesis Framework for Integrating Foundational Theory, Research, and Practice in Civil-Military Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The field of Civil-Military Relations draws from many disciplines, including political science, psychology, history, economics, anthropology, sociology, systems, and others. The topic of Civil-Military Relations may be considered to be a 'niche' field of ...

M. F. Minaudo

2009-01-01

295

Military Authority.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores questions of military authority. The first article looks at the French Army mutinies in World War I and how the French Army dealt with them. The second article examines President Truman's firing of popular and powerful General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. The final article looks at how…

Martz, Carlton; Hayes, Bill

2001-01-01

296

Values in History: Changing Interpretations of the American Presidency from 1945-1965.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper traces the period 1945-65 when scholars of the American presidency changed their emphasis from the study of individual presidents to examination of the presidency itself and the powers it encompassed. The change was prompted by events such as World War II, development of the atomic bomb, and the Cold War. Evidence that mankind was…

Miller, James R.

297

Grounding Immigrant Generations in History: Cuban Americans and Their Transnational Ties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated differences in views and involvements between two cohorts of first generation Cuban-American immigrants. Interviews with immigrants indicated that the first wave left between 1959-1979 mainly for political reasons and publicly opposes travel to Cuba. The second wave immigrated largely for economic reasons and is enmeshed in…

Eckstein, Susan; Barberia, Lorena

2002-01-01

298

A History of the Division of Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of the Division of Inorganic Chemistry, from the founding of the American Chemical Society in 1876, the formation of the Division in 1957, and recent events. Includes tables listing officers of the Division and symposia titles at national meetings. (YP)

Bailar, John C., Jr.

1989-01-01

299

Schooled to Work. Vocationalism and the American Curriculum, 1876-1946. Reflective History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book traces the evolution of job training as an educational ideal, beginning with the drive to install manual training in American schools and proceeding to vocational education and to vocationalization, which includes vocational education but also incorporates the idea that the curriculum as a whole, not just a part of it, exists for the…

Kliebard, Herbert M.

300

Southwest: A Simulation of the Spanish/Mexican Influence upon American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This simulation allows students to learn of the shared Hispanic background of the Southwestern states and help students realize that the states developed in a parallel fashion, not in isolation. The packet is divided into eight sections: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Land"; (3) "Native Americans"; (4) "Explorers"; (5) "Missions/Settlements"; (6)…

Callis, Jan

301

A Part, Yet Apart: South Asians in Asian America. Asian American History and Culture Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection consider the extent to which South Asian Americans are included within "Asian America" as the term is applied to academic programs and admissions policies, grassroots community organizing and politics, and critical analyses of cultural products. The essays are: (1) "Within Kaleidoscope Eyes: The Potential (Dangers) of…

Shankar, Lavina Dhingra, Ed.; Srikanth, Rajini, Ed.

302

Junior High Unit Spans Five Disciplines: American History Comes Alive in Ohio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A time of upheaval and innovation, the American Colonial Period (1600-1775) was marked by New World settlers' struggles to adapt to a life that lacked anything familiar or prefabricated. The period provides a rich opportunity to study the contributions of the colonists across multiple disciplines. In the fall of 2003, a team of eighth-grade…

Needham, Rosalind

2004-01-01

303

Memory, history, and identity: The trauma narrative in contemporary North American and British fiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation investigates five contemporary British and North American novels that take traumatic amnesia as their theme. These novels depict characters whose memory loss follows individual or communal acts of violence, often horrific in their brutality. Murder, for example, figures prominently in four of the five novels, which include Toni Morrison's Beloved (1987), Margaret Atwood's Alias Grace (1996), Tim O'Brien's

Jonathan Daniel Sabol

2007-01-01

304

The 1960s &'70s: Creative Activities for Teaching American History. Teacher's Guide. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The activities in this manual explore some of the issues of the 1960s and 1970s that reflected changes in U.S. patterns of thought: minorities sought their share of the American pie; young people challenged established authority; massive protests erupted against the Vietnam War; political corruption was found in high office and a marked change…

Stevens, Lawrence

305

Teaching about the Influence of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment on Early American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizes selections from 17th century philosophical writing as instructional material for a series of learning activities that reveal the influence of the material on early American democratic thought. Activities involve selections from Isaac Newton, John Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, The Declaration of Independence, and Bishop Bossuet. (MJP)

Mills, Randy K.; Woods, John C.

1996-01-01

306

Multi-Ethnic Contributions to American History. A Supplementary Booklet, Grades 4-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed as a teacher guide for supplementary use in the regular social studies program. It lists names and contributions of Americans from all ethnic groups to the development of the United States. Seven units usable at three levels (upper elementary, junior high, and high school) have been developed, with the material arranged in…

Caddo Parish School Board, Shreveport, LA.

307

Multi-Ethnic Contributions to American History. A Supplementary Booklet, Grades K-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet is intended for primary school teachers. It lists 22 suggested activities as well as ideas for using music, art, and bulletin boards for multicultural education. The purpose of the first activity is to provide opportunities to discuss great Americans of different ethnic backgrounds. An extensive list is included which contains members…

Caddo Parish School Board, Shreveport, LA.

308

Ingo Trauschweizer - Learning with an Ally: The U.S. Army and the Bundeswehr in the Cold War - The Journal of Military History 72:2  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay considers four critical areas of German-American defense cooperation during the Cold War: personal and material American aid for West German rearmament and its impact on the character of the German army, reorganization of German and American combat divisions in the late 1950s and early 1960s, the ultimately failed joint venture in tank design in the 1960s and the

Ingo Wolfgang Trauschweizer

2008-01-01

309

“Are we a family or a business?” History and disjuncture in the urban American street gang  

Microsoft Academic Search

After 1987, in pool halls and city parks, high school football games, storefront churches, youth centers, and other sites where police presence was minimal, high-ranking leaders from Chicago’s largest AfricanAmerican street gang ‘‘Nations’’ began meeting to discuss the latest period of change in their respective associations. Adorned in jewelry and expensive designer clothes, and transported in luxury cars, the leaders

Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh; Steven D. Levitt

2000-01-01

310

Ancient DNA Clarifies the Evolutionary History of American Late Pleistocene Equids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hippidions are past members of the equid lineage which appeared in the South American fossil record around 2.5 Ma but then\\u000a became extinct during the great late Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. According to fossil records and numerous dental, cranial,\\u000a and postcranial characters, Hippidion and Equus lineages were expected to cluster in two distinct phylogenetic groups that diverged at least 10 MY, long before

Ludovic Orlando; Dean Male; Maria Teresa Alberdi; Jose Luis Prado; Alfredo Prieto; Alan Cooper; Catherine Hänni

2008-01-01

311

The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar…

Fraser, Cary

2009-01-01

312

The natural history of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome in 228 military aviators: A long-term follow-up of 22 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome poses a risk for tachyarrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Most WPW studies have relatively limited numbers of subjects and brief follow-up periods. Methods We reviewed records of 238 consecutive military aviators with WPW syndrome evaluated from 1955 to 1999. Follow-up was by questionnaires, telephone interviews, or death certificates. Events included sudden cardiac death and supraventricular tachycardia

Patrick J. Fitzsimmons; Paul D. McWhirter; David W. Peterson; William B. Kruyer

2001-01-01

313

New Republic to Civil War: Booklet 2. Critical Thinking in American History. [Student Manual  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this student booklet presents high school students with supplementary lessons on the new Republic, the Jacksonian era, slavery and the Civil War. The student booklet begins with a guide to critical thinking which offers an explanation…

O'Reilly, Kevin

314

Getting Medieval on American History Research: A Method to Help Students Think Historically  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to increase college history majors' ability to analyze primary sources, the author set up a unique research project designed to tap into his students' personal interests, and which would utilize a specific method requiring them to grapple with primary source materials in an unfamiliar, though hopefully more profitable fashion. The…

Burkholder, Peter

2010-01-01

315

The Purposes of the Press: A Re-Interpretation of American Journalism History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of United States journalism history has been dominated by an interpretation founded on the idea of progress. This interpretation is based on the assumption that the essential characteristics of the press are thorough, fast, accurate news reporting; enlightened, effective presentation of opinion; entertainment; and press independence and…

Whitby, Gary; Sloan, William David

316

From the Battlefront of the Texas History Wars: Contending with "American Exceptionalism"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was in late May of 2010 that the Texas State Board of Education (SBOE) took their final vote on the curriculum standards that will have an impact on what millions of students in Texas as well as dozens of other states will learn about history and social studies for the next 10 years. These "Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills" (TEKS) standards…

Noboa, Julio

2011-01-01

317

Many Educational Pasts: Conservative Visions and Revisions of American Educational History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Recent attention to Texas's revision of its state social-studies curricula has focused on the Texas School Board's conservative vision of America's history. Texas is not alone. Conservative educational activists have achieved a great deal of success in recent years in revising the historical narrative prescribed for America's…

Laats, Adam

2012-01-01

318

American History Time Lines. Grades 4-8. Big, Reproducible, Easy-To-Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource is designed to enhance learning about topics in United States history. The reproducible time lines are easy to use and is designed to encourage students to research other dates and events of the era under study. Suggestions are given for classroom use. The introduction has instructional subjects, such as: "12 Great Ways To Use These…

Buckley, Susan Washburn

319

Exploration to Constitution: Booklet 1. Critical Thinking in American History. Teacher's Guide and Source Envelope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this teacher's guide presents a series of supplementary ready-to-use lesson plans for teaching high school students about the exploration of early America, the colonies, the revolution, and the Constitution. The introduction presents…

O'Reilly, Kevin

320

Things Are Happening: A Survey Report of North American Family History Activity. Series 340.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To find out about grass roots activities and projects in family history, a survey form was distributed through periodicals and newsletters of genealogical and historical organizations and through general periodicals; telephone calls were made to all state boards of education; and data were gathered from projects already in the researchers'…

Bennion, Roy B.; Nichols, Elizabeth L.

321

The Revolution of Markets and Management: Toward a History of American Higher Education since 1945.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a history of the latest revolution in higher education, emphasizing the importance of increasing free market forces in institutional policy formation and the development of new management capabilities within academe. Discusses historiographic considerations and curriculum transitions, suggesting relevant considerations for the formation…

Best, John Hardin

1988-01-01

322

History of Science as Interdisciplinary Education in American Colleges: Its Origins, Advantages, and Pitfalls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Before 1950, history of science did not exist as an independent academic branch, but was instead pursued by practitioners across various humanities and scientific disciplines. After professionalization, traces of its prehistory as a cross-disciplinary area of interest bound to an interdisciplinary, educational philosophy have remained. This essay…

Viterbo, Paula

2007-01-01

323

Indicators and Indices of Child Well-Being: A Brief American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the history of indicators and indices of child well-being from its origins in the social indicator movement of the 1970s through recent developments in the field. Initial work calling for comprehensive sets of indicators of child well-being and later recommendations for indicator improvement are detailed. Products that resulted…

Lippman, Laura H.

2007-01-01

324

Barrel of Fun: A Case History of Technology's Impact on American Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the barrel in history through language, literature, poetry, music, art, and architecture. Includes examples and anecdotes of barrels in movies, television, and recreation. Illustrates the impact of the barrel on U.S. culture. Emphasizes that the importance of such an example of technology cannot be adequately measured. (DK)

Hardeman, Nicholas; Collins, Keith

1991-01-01

325

The Great Frontier Thesis as a Framework for the American History Survey in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A history course could be built around the hypothesis that capitalism, democracy, protestantism, individualism are the result of abnormal conditions caused when congested Europe discovered and began to exploit the Great Frontier; the assumption continues that when the abnormal conditions abate the world will return to a normal'' state. (JB)

Starr, Raymond

1973-01-01

326

Using a Historical Incident to Focus on Value Formation. A Lesson Plan in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses the importance of teaching values in U.S. history classes. Reviews current literature on values development. Presents a lesson plan on John Adams and his decision-making role in the Boston Massacre incident. Asks students to examine the parallels between Adams' decision to defend the British soldiers and their own lives. (RW)

Richburg, Robert W.; Nelson, Barbara J.

1990-01-01

327

Exploration to Constitution: Booklet 1. Critical Thinking in American History. [Student Manual].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this student booklet presents high school students with a series of supplementary lessons on the exploration of early America, the colonies, the revolution, and the Constitution. The booklet begins with a guide to critical thinking…

O'Reilly, Kevin

328

A Story Well Told: Rich Narrative Engages California Fifth Grade Students in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational publisher Pearson/Scott-Foresman in 2006 introduced curriculum to address California History/Social Studies standards. Fifth grade students have difficulty comprehending non-fiction text that is informative enough to have historical accuracy. The publisher promotes a program that features a standard in every lesson, and promises no…

Huson, Julie Alice

2007-01-01

329

"Remember the Ladies!" A Handbook of Women in American History. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook for teaching about women in U.S. history classes is arranged in seven chapters. Each chapter contains background information and a selection of primary source writings by both men and women. Attention is directed toward the activities and status of both white and minority women in all periods. Chapter I, "Women of the Colonial…

Franklin, Robin; Wolf, Tasha Lebow

330

Remembering the "Maine:" Teaching about the Spanish-American War Era after 100 Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes the upcoming 100th anniversary of the Spanish-American War and recommends an interdisciplinary study of that conflict. Discusses various aspects of the war (yellow journalism, imperialism, military campaigns) that could be integrated into the study of history, government, and literature. Includes a list of comparison topics and learning…

Lovett, Christopher C.; Foyle, Harvey; Smith, Karen Manners

1998-01-01

331

Cultural Competence, Educators, and Military Families: Understanding the Military in a Department of Defense Dependent's School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military members have a strong cultural identity, one that distinguishes them from civilians. This qualitative study sought to identify the cultural competencies needed for educators to better understand an American military constituency. Data were obtained through semistructured interviews, collection of documents, and observations of public…

Keegan, Danette; Hyle, Adrienne E.; Sanders, Vicki

2004-01-01

332

The History of South American Tropical Precipitation for the Past 25,000 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last

Paul A. Baker; Geoffrey O. Seltzer; Sherilyn C. Fritz; Robert B. Dunbar; Matthew J. Grove; Pedro M. Tapia; Scott L. Cross; Harold D. Rowe; James P. Broda

2001-01-01

333

Natural History of Alcohol Dependence and Remission Events for a Native American Sample*  

PubMed Central

Objective Examining the progression of a disorder cross-culturally may help distinguish elements common to addictions from those that are differentially shaped by culture. This study sought to construct a combined sequence of both problem emergence and recovery efforts with Native Americans. Method In a cross-sectional sample, 44 adult Native Americans (61% men) who had resolved alcohol dependence completed face-to-face interviews at a research center. The Alcohol Related Behaviors Survey and the Change Effort Card-sorts along with measures of alcohol involvement and current quality of life were administered. Results This sample’s sequence of alcohol-related events was compared to that reported for Jellinek’s historical while male sample (rs = .46, p = .001), a recent Navajo sample (rs = .33, p = .024), and a recent Mission Indian sample (rs = .28, p = 24). This sample’s sequence of change efforts was compared to that in the Navajo sample (rs = .33, p = .182). Conclusions Despite the small sample size precluding generalizability, there was greater concordance between this intertribal sample and Jellinek’s while male sample than between this sample and a Mission Indian sample, indicating both cross-cultural and intracultural variation. In addition, change efforts begin during the development of alcohol problems rather than waiting until the person “hits bottom,” as suggested by previous research. Integrating the pathology of substance-use disorders with the process of resolving those disorders extends our understanding of the course of alcohol dependence.

Venner, Kamilla L.; Feldstein, Sarah W.

2010-01-01

334

Early history of electroencephalography and establishment of the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society.  

PubMed

The field of electroencephalography (EEG) had its origin with the discovery of recordable electrical potentials from activated nerves and muscles of animals and in the last quarter of the 19th century from the cerebral cortex of animals. By the 1920s, Hans Berger, a neuropsychiatrist from Germany, recorded potentials from the scalp of patients with skull defects and, a few years later, with more sensitive equipment from intact subjects. Concurrently, the introduction of electronic vacuum tube amplification and the cathode ray oscilloscope was made by American physiologists or "axonologists," interested in peripheral nerve recordings. Berger's findings were independently confirmed in early 1934 by Lord Adrian in England and by Hallowell Davis at Harvard, in the United States. In the United States, the earliest contributions to human EEG were made by Hallowell Davis, Herbert H. Jasper, Frederic A. Gibbs, William Lennox, and Alfred L. Loomis. Remarkable progress in the development of EEG as a useful clinical tool followed the 1935 report by the Harvard group on the electrographic and clinical correlations in patients with absence (petit mal) seizures and altered states of consciousness. Technical aspects of the EEG and additional clinical EEG correlations were elucidated by the above investigators and a number of others. Further study led to gatherings of the EEG pioneers at Loomis' laboratory in New York (1935-1939), Regional EEG society formation, and the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society in 1946. PMID:23377440

Stone, James L; Hughes, John R

2013-02-01

335

Ancient DNA clarifies the evolutionary history of American Late Pleistocene equids.  

PubMed

Hippidions are past members of the equid lineage which appeared in the South American fossil record around 2.5 Ma but then became extinct during the great late Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. According to fossil records and numerous dental, cranial, and postcranial characters, Hippidion and Equus lineages were expected to cluster in two distinct phylogenetic groups that diverged at least 10 MY, long before the emergence of the first Equus. However, the first DNA sequence information retrieved from Hippidion fossils supported a striking different phylogeny, with hippidions nesting inside a paraphyletic group of Equus. This result indicated either that the currently accepted phylogenetic tree of equids was incorrect regarding the timing of the evolutionary split between Hippidion and Equus or that the taxonomic identification of the hippidion fossils used for DNA analysis needed to be reexamined (and attributed to another extinct South American member of the equid lineage). The most likely candidate for the latter explanation is Equus (Amerhippus) neogeus. Here, we show by retrieving new ancient mtDNA sequences that hippidions and Equus (Amerhippus) neogeus were members of two distinct lineages. Furthermore, using a rigorous phylogenetic approach, we demonstrate that while formerly the largest equid from Southern America, Equus (Amerhippus) was just a member of the species Equus caballus. This new data increases the known phenotypic plasticity of horses and consequently casts doubt on the taxonomic validity of the subgenus Equus (Amerhippus). PMID:18398561

Orlando, Ludovic; Male, Dean; Alberdi, Maria Teresa; Prado, Jose Luis; Prieto, Alfredo; Cooper, Alan; Hänni, Catherine

2008-05-01

336

History and progress of the North American Soil Geochemical Landscapes Project, 2001-2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey, the Geological Survey of Canada, and the Mexican Geological Survey initiated a low-density (1 site per 1600 km2, 13323 sites) geochemical and mineralogical survey of North American soils (North American Soil Geochemical Landscapes Project). Sampling and analytical protocols were developed at a series of workshops in 20032004 and pilot studies were conducted from 20042007. The ideal sampling protocol at each site includes a sample from 05 cm depth, a composite of the soil A horizon, and a sample from the soil C horizon. The 3, HClO4, and HF. Separate methods are used for As, Hg, Se, and total C on this same size fraction. The major mineralogical components are determined by a quantitative X-ray diffraction method. Sampling in the conterminous U.S. was completed in 2010 (c. 4800 sites) with chemical and mineralogical analysis currently underway. In Mexico, approximately 66% of the sampling (871 sites) had been done by the end of 2010 with completion expected in 2012. After completing sampling in the Maritime provinces and portions of other provinces (472 sites, 7.6% of the total), Canada withdrew from the project in 2010. Preliminary results for a swath from the central U.S. to Florida clearly show the effects of soil parent material and climate on the chemical and mineralogical composition of soils. A sample archive will be established and made available for future investigations.

Smith, David B.; Cannon, William F.; Woodruff, Laurel G.; Rivera, Francisco Moreira; Rencz, Andrew N.; Garrett, Robert G.

2012-01-01

337

From Revolution to Reconstruction: A WWW Project In Collective Writing: A Hypertext on American History: From the Colonial Period Until Modern Times  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"From Revolution to Reconstruction, and What Happened Afterwards" is an ongoing hypertext history of the United States. The backbone of the document is a U.S. Information Agency document called "An Outline of American History." The site is divided into eight chapters covering the colonial period to the Bush administration. Hypertext links are made to literally hundreds of full text documents including Presidents' addresses, the Federalist Papers, the Confessions of Nat Turner, the Mayflower Compact, the Northwest Ordinance, and excerpts from F.L. Olmsted's "A Journey in the Seaboard Slave States." The power of this site is not in its collection of documents, but in how they are accessed via hypertext and appear in context of the history presented. At present the content predominantly covers early American history, however the site is a work in progress.

1998-01-01

338

Infinity of Nations: Art and History in the Collections of the National Museum of the American Indian  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in New York, the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) "houses one of the world's great cultural resources, with collections representing the Native peoples of the Americas from their earliest history to the present day." Housed in the museum's George Gustav Heye Center, the Infinity of Nations exhibit presents several hundred works from the NMAI that are culturally, historically, and aesthetically important. The objects include a DinÃÂé (Navajo) first phase chief blanket and a pottery plate, complete with candleholders from the mission church at the ancestral A:shiwi (Zuni) village of Hawikku. On the exhibit's website, visitors can explore some of these items via a series of geographical headings on the right-hand side of the homepage. Each of these headings includes a brief profile of each broad group of Native American peoples (such as those in the Southwest), along with a grid of 27 images. Visitors can click on each image to learn more about the item, and taken as a whole, each heading offers a tantalizing bit of information on these different societies.

339

Military - Media Relations: Implications for the Operational Commander.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An examination of the military-media relationship and it's affect on military operations. The paper starts with a brief review of this relationship during significant points in U.S. military history: the Civil War, World War I and II, Vietnam, and the ope...

J. P. Clager

1992-01-01

340

Molecular and evolutionary history of melanism in North American gray wolves.  

PubMed

Morphological diversity within closely related species is an essential aspect of evolution and adaptation. Mutations in the Melanocortin 1 receptor (Mc1r) gene contribute to pigmentary diversity in natural populations of fish, birds, and many mammals. However, melanism in the gray wolf, Canis lupus, is caused by a different melanocortin pathway component, the K locus, that encodes a beta-defensin protein that acts as an alternative ligand for Mc1r. We show that the melanistic K locus mutation in North American wolves derives from past hybridization with domestic dogs, has risen to high frequency in forested habitats, and exhibits a molecular signature of positive selection. The same mutation also causes melanism in the coyote, Canis latrans, and in Italian gray wolves, and hence our results demonstrate how traits selected in domesticated species can influence the morphological diversity of their wild relatives. PMID:19197024

Anderson, Tovi M; vonHoldt, Bridgett M; Candille, Sophie I; Musiani, Marco; Greco, Claudia; Stahler, Daniel R; Smith, Douglas W; Padhukasahasram, Badri; Randi, Ettore; Leonard, Jennifer A; Bustamante, Carlos D; Ostrander, Elaine A; Tang, Hua; Wayne, Robert K; Barsh, Gregory S

2009-03-01

341

Distribution of Y chromosomes among Native North Americans: A study of Athapaskan population history  

PubMed Central

In this study 231 Y chromosomes from 12 populations were typed for four diagnostic SNPs to determine haplogroup membership and 43 Y chromosomes from three of these populations were typed for eight Simple Tandem Repeats (STRs) to determine haplotypes. These data were combined with previously published data, amounting to 724 Y chromosomes from 26 populations in North America, and analyzed to investigate the geographic distribution of Y chromosomes among Native North Americans and to test the Southern Athapaskan migration hypothesis. The results suggest that European admixture has significantly altered the distribution of Y chromosomes in North America and because of this caution should be taken when inferring prehistoric population events in North America using Y chromosome data alone. However, consistent with studies of other genetic systems, we are still able to identify close relationships among Y chromosomes in Athapaskan from the Subarctic and the Southwest, suggesting that a small number of proto-Apachean migrants from the Subarctic founded the Southwest Athapaskan populations.

Malhi, Ripan Singh; Gonzalez-Oliver, Angelica; Schroeder, Kari Britt; Kemp, Brian M; Greenberg, Jonathan A.; Dobrowski, Solomon Z.; Smith, David Glenn; Resendez, Andres; Karafet, Tatiana; Hammer, Michael; Zegura, Stephen; Brovko, Tatiana

2008-01-01

342

Juneteenth celebrants across the country hope to gain recognition for an important day in American history  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Juneteenth Worldwide Celebrationhttp://www.juneteenth.com/Late to Freedom's Party, Texans Spread Word of Black Holidayhttp://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/18/us/late-to-freedom-s-party-texans-spread-word-of-black-holiday.html?scp=4&sq=juneteenth%20-ellison&st=cseDishing Up Juneteenthhttp://voices.washingtonpost.com/mighty-appetite/2007/06/making_room_for_juneteenth_at.htmlLetter to President Obamahttp://www.juneteenth.us/obama.htmlWashington Juneteenth 2009 Calendar of Eventshttp://www.19thofjune.com/calendar/index.htmlThe Handbook of Texas Online: Juneteenthhttp://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/JJ/lkj1.htmlToday marks the 144th anniversary of the original Juneteenth on June 19th, 1865 when Union General Gordon Granger and federal troops arrived in Galveston, Texas to enforce the abolition of slavery. The move, however, was made nearly two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation was enacted, making Texas one of the last states to free its slaves. Until recently, Juneteenth was primarily celebrated in Texas, where it has been a state holiday since 1980. However, the last decade has seen an increase in the number of communities celebrating Juneteenth. In May, Kansas became the most recent state to recognize Juneteenth as a state holiday, joining 30 others, and a movement to have the holiday recognized nationally has gained prominence. Juneteenth is traditionally celebrated as an outdoor potluck or barbeque with family, friends, and neighbors (don't forget the strawberry soda!) and larger communities will often sponsor citywide celebrations including public readings, speakers, and other events. Described in the above New York Times article from 2004 as "Martin Luther King's Birthday without the grieving," the celebrations commemorate African American freedom, and increasingly, that freedom is celebrated by Americans from all walks of life. And this year, the holiday has taken on an even more poignant aspect; if you look at local and regional newspapers across the country, you'll see that President Obama is a very sought-after attendee for each Juneteenth celebration.The first link will take visitors to some basic information about Juneteenth, its origins and celebrations, how others around the world celebrate, and how to get a Celebrate Juneteenth yard sign to bring the tradition to each neighborhood. The second article, by Julia Moskin of the New York Times, details the traditions of Juneteenth and how the popularity of the holiday is growing to include an increasingly diverse group of revelers. The third link is to A Mighty Appetite, Kim O'Donnel's Washington Post food blog, "your daily online bread." In this article, O'Donnel details a recipe for red rice that she believes merges American and African traditions to "tell the many stories of slavery." The fifth document is an open letter to President Obama from January of this year, requesting a presidential proclamation that Juneteenth be declared a national holiday. This request comes from Chairman of the National Juneteenth Observance Foundation Rev. Ronald V. Myers Sr., and granting this request, in his words, would be "instrumental in bringing all Americans together in a spirit of unity and reconciliation." The sixth link takes visitors to the calendar page of the Washington D.C. Juneteenth 2009 celebration page, where they can find out about all the events of the weekend, including a 3K run, a prayer breakfast, and a memorial service. The last link, from the Handbook of Texas Online, ties the holiday to statewide traditions and how it has been celebrated in various Texas communities.

Coffin, Andrea

2009-06-19

343

Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 46th state, Oklahoma, presents its unusual history with the online version of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. The Encyclopedia was prepared by over 500 "university-based scholars and independent historians and scholars," and was a joint effort by The Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. Visitors can click on the "Table of Contents" link near the bottom of the homepage to "Browse Entries Alphabetically", "Browse Entries Chronologically", or "Browse Entries by Subject". Browsing via chronology introduces visitors to Oklahoma starting with the "Precontact Era", through the "Westward Expansion" and on to "Twentieth Century to Present". Subject categories include "African Americans", "Farming", "Military", and "Petroleum". When searching, visitors will be taken to the Electronic Publishing Center Search Page, so they will need to choose the specific collection, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, from the drop down box, to confine the search to the Encyclopedia.

344

American Approach to Limited War.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Limited war has been a prominent feature in United States military history. Past applications of limited military power in war have dramatically furthered U.S. national interests. But despite encouraging experiences with limited war from independence to t...

B. Warrington

1994-01-01

345

American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1940  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How do you tell the life of a country through its people? It is a difficult task, to be sure, and in the 1930s and 1940s the Federal Writers' Project sent hundreds of interviewers out across the country to talk to people about their lives and experiences. These interviews touch on the Great Depression, slavery, political views, the role of the federal government, local folklore, and a myriad of other topics. First-time visitors to this Library of Congress website should read over the "Voices from the Thirties: An Introduction to the WPA Life Histories Collection" section. Visitors can search the interviews by keyword or state, and visitors may wish to start by reading the interview of Louis Larsen, a farmer, social activist and singer in Nebraska, who the interviewer noted "feels the masses are victims of a planned exploitation by a vicious class of legal bandits."

346

High School American History Course Based on Presidential Elections of 1912, 1936, 1948, 1968, Using Mass Media Available to the Electorate and Related Documents. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the report of an attempt to develop and teach a high school American history course based on inquiry techniques. Chapter I and II discuss recent changes in teaching methodology and the author's interest in the problem. Chapter III details the search for materials. Chapter IV describes the new method being tested in the classroom. Students…

Beebe, Ralph K.

347

Five Good Reasons to Show "Great Guy" (1936) in Our U.S. History and American Studies Classes (and the Challenges We'll Face)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most versatile and multi-faceted films that an educator can use to illustrate urban America in the 1930s is "Great Guy," a relatively obscure film from 1936 directed by John G. Blystone and starring James Cagney and Mae Clarke. There are some simple practical considerations that make the film such a good fit for an American history or…

Allocco, Katherine

2010-01-01

348

Shaping a New Nation: Turning Points in American History. A Report on a Research Study, 2005-2006. Interim Technical Report No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research paper examines the effectiveness of the Teaching American History (TAH) Program in Jefferson County, Kentucky from 2005-2006. We employ a combination of survey, interview, observational, and data mining research methods to examine attainment of program objectives and goals. In addition to evaluating the overall effectiveness of the…

Reio, Thomas G., Jr.; Bratton, Angela R.

2006-01-01

349

The Impact of Stress on the Life History Strategies of African American Adolescents: Cognitions, Genetic Moderation, and the Role of Discrimination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of 3 different sources of stress--environmental, familial (e.g., low parental investment), and interpersonal (i.e., racial discrimination)--on the life history strategies (LHS) and associated cognitions of African American adolescents were examined over an 11-year period (5 waves, from age 10.5 to 21.5). Analyses indicated that each one…

Gibbons, Frederick X.; Roberts, Megan E.; Gerrard, Meg; Li, Zhigang; Beach, Steven R. H.; Simons, Ronald L.; Weng, Chih-Yuan; Philibert, Robert A.

2012-01-01

350

The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25,000 years.  

PubMed

Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last glacial maximum (LGM), the Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru and much of the Amazon basin were wetter than today. The LGM in this part of the Andes is dated at 21,000 cal yr B.P., approximately coincident with the global LGM. Maximum aridity and lowest lake level occurred in the early and middle Holocene (8000 to 5500 cal yr B.P.) during a time of low summer insolation. Today, rising levels of Lake Titicaca and wet conditions in Amazonia are correlated with anomalously cold sea-surface temperatures in the northern equatorial Atlantic. Likewise, during the deglacial and Holocene periods, there were several millennial-scale wet phases on the Altiplano and in Amazonia that coincided with anomalously cold periods in the equatorial and high-latitude North Atlantic, such as the Younger Dryas. PMID:11158674

Baker, P A; Seltzer, G O; Fritz, S C; Dunbar, R B; Grove, M J; Tapia, P M; Cross, S L; Rowe, H D; Broda, J P

2001-01-26

351

The History of South American Tropical Precipitation for the Past 25,000 Years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last glacial maximum (LGM), the Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru and much of the Amazon basin were wetter than today. The LGM in this part of the Andes is dated at 21,000 cal yr B.P., approximately coincident with the global LGM. Maximum aridity and lowest lake level occurred in the early and middle Holocene (8000 to 5500 cal yr B.P.) during a time of low summer insolation. Today, rising levels of Lake Titicaca and wet conditions in Amazonia are correlated with anomalously cold sea-surface temperatures in the northern equatorial Atlantic. Likewise, during the deglacial and Holocene periods, there were several millennial-scale wet phases on the Altiplano and in Amazonia that coincided with anomalously cold periods in the equatorial and high-latitude North Atlantic, such as the Younger Dryas.

Baker, Paul A.; Seltzer, Geoffrey O.; Fritz, Sherilyn C.; Dunbar, Robert B.; Grove, Matthew J.; Tapia, Pedro M.; Cross, Scott L.; Rowe, Harold D.; Broda, James P.

2001-01-01

352

A geophysically constrained large ensemble analysis of the deglacial history of the North American ice-sheet complex  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Past reconstructions of the deglaciation history of the North American (NA) ice-sheet complex have relied either on largely unconstrained and limited explorations of the phase space of solutions produced by glaciological models or upon geophysical inversions of relative sea-level (RSL) data which suffer from incomplete geographic coverage of the glaciated regions, load history amplitude/timing ambiguities, and a lack of a priori glaciological self-consistency. As a first step in the development of a much more highly constrained deglaciation history, we present a synthesis of these two previously disjoint methodologies based on a large ensemble of glacial cycle simulations using a three-dimensional thermo-mechanically coupled ice-sheet model. Twenty glacial system model parameters, chosen so as to best cover the true deglacial phase space, were varied across the ensemble. Furthermore, a new high-resolution digitized ice margin chronology was imposed on the model in order to significantly limit the uncertainties associated with deglacial climate forcing. The model is simultaneously constrained by a large set of high-quality RSL histories, a space geodetic observation of the present-day rate of vertical motion of the crust from Yellowknife and a traverse of absolute gravity measurements from the west coast of Hudson Bay southward into Iowa. The general form of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) ice topography that ensues when model results are subject to geophysical constraints is an ice sheet dominated by a large (3.3- 4.3 km maximum ice thickness) Keewatin dome to the west of Hudson Bay connected to a major ice ridge running southeast to the Great Lakes, together with a Hudson Bay region that has relatively thin ice and an Arctic region heavily incised by open water and/or ice shelves. Geographically restricted fast flows due to sub-glacial till deformation are shown to be critical to obtaining such a multi-domed late glacial Laurentide Ice Sheet structure, one that has been previously inferred on the basis of geomorphological data and that is required to fit the geophysical constraints. Our results further suggest that the NA contribution to LGM eustatic sea-level drop is likely to be in the range of 60- 75 m.

Tarasov, L.; Peltier, W. Richard

2004-02-01

353

The Quality Circle and the American Survey: What to Do When You Can't Have Lunch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A quality circle approach was implemented at Valley Forge Military Junior College during two semesters of an American History survey course. Student input into the academic progress of the course was at the root of the quality circle experiment, with students determining the type and frequency of written assignments, course structure, the…

Murray, Patrick

354

Significance of Religion as an Essential Component of the Military's Cultural Framework Strategy and Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For years, American diplomats have been trained to not discuss religion and have often excluded religious leaders from diplomacy. The United States military, to a lesser extent, has also tended to evade religion in conducting military operations and negot...

C. E. Reynolds

2010-01-01

355

Comparative Analysis of the Military Leadership Styles of George C. Marshall and Dwight D. Eisenhower.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a constantly changing world threatened by ever increasing terrorist acts, American interests, both at home and abroad, require protection provided by great military leaders. In order to produce military leaders who can successfully meet the future chal...

J. R. Hill

2008-01-01

356

Military Campaign Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress, this fine digital archive brings together thousands of maps that offer great detail about major military conflicts, including such information as troop movements, defensive structures and groundworks, campsites, local buildings, topography and vegetation. On the site, visitors can also learn about how the maps were digitized, along with specific information about the various technical equipment used to capture the full content of each document. The archive of documents here is not solely historically focused, as there are maps of more contemporary conflict sites, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The entire contents of the archive may be searched in a variety of methods, including through the use of keywords, browsing through a subject list, a creator index, and a geographic location index. From some rather interesting maps of the Brandywine to a Dutch map showing locations of military importance in Pennsylvania and New York, this site will be of interest to historians, cartographers, and many others.

357

Coup and Conscience: Approaching an American Threshold.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines conditions which are influencing the American military to approach a behavioral threshold in civil-military relations. This threshold is a point of departure from traditional subordinated behavior. At the threshold a divergence is fore...

T. M. Moscheau

1980-01-01

358

[Syzran Military Hospital].  

PubMed

In 2011 Central Military Hospital Syzran Military District--the former 417-th Syzransky garrison military hospital Russian Defense Ministry--celebrated the 65th anniversary. At different periods in the hospital were deployed 50, 100 and 150 beds in 3, 4 and 6 units, respectively. Currently Syzran Military Hospital, part of the Federal State Institution "354 District Military Clinical Hospital", the Russian Defense Ministry-- a multi-facility consisting of 6 diagnostic and treatment departments and offices. PMID:22329178

Domogarova, S V

2011-11-01

359

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Low-Income, Predominantly African American Women With PTSD and a History of Intimate Partner Violence  

PubMed Central

In this article, we consider the use of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) (Kabat-Zinn, 1991) as a community-based intervention to reduce health disparities for low-income, predominantly African American women with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article presents our rationale for using MBSR as an intervention with this population, the details of its implementation, and a discussion of the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention based on participants’ feedback and our observations. We conclude that the use of MBSR programs for low-income, predominantly African American women with PTSD and a history of IPV is both feasible (of initial interest to and completed by most participants) and acceptable (congruent with and relevant to their needs). Replication with larger samples and examination of mechanisms is warranted by these findings.

Dutton, Mary Ann; Bermudez, Diana; Matas, Armely; Majid, Haseeb; Myers, Neely L.

2013-01-01

360

History Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Weider History Group publishes a wide range of military history magazines, including "America's Civil War" and "Civil War Times". They've also been generous enough to create this website, which offers a wide range of articles from their different publications. First-time visitors to the homepage may want to start out by taking a shot at the "Daily Quiz", which offers up a range of questions on everything from steamship battles to military operations in the South Pacific. Next, visitors may wish to click on over to the "Features" area, which includes articles culled from the magazines on Marine POWs, the Battle of New Orleans, as well as noted gunfighter Ben Thompson and his brother Billy. Moving on, visitors can also take part in the online forums where they can ask questions about battle tactics, the history of ground warfare, and the USS Ironsides.

361

The Impact of Stress on the Life History Strategies of African American Adolescents: Cognitions, Genetic Moderation, and the Role of Discrimination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of 3 different sources of stress—environmental, familial (e.g., low parental investment), and interpersonal (i.e., racial discrimination)—on the life history strategies (LHS) and associated cognitions of African American adolescents were examined over an 11-year period (5 waves, from age 10.5 to 21.5). Analyses indicated that each one of the sources of stress was associated with faster LHS cognitions (e.g.,

Frederick X. Gibbons; Megan E. Roberts; Meg Gerrard; Zhigang Li; Steven R. H. Beach; Ronald L. Simons; Chih-Yuan Weng; Robert A. Philibert

2012-01-01

362

Founding, early history, and transformation of the Journal for Lipid Research to an American Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology journal.  

PubMed

The Journal of Lipid Research was founded in October, 1959 and has had a long and distinguished history. It evolved from an initial concept of a loose-leaf methodology handbook to a major journal for the lipid field. Its growth has in many ways paralleled the growth and expansion of lipid research. Today, it is operated as a journal of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the forefront of biomedical research on lipids. PMID:19116414

Dennis, Edward A

2009-04-01

363

Military Psychiatry: A Prototype of Social and Preventive Psychiatry in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An attempt is made to summarize the history of the development of the concepts of preventive and social psychiatry insofar as they have been pioneered since the first World War in military psychiatry. The cardinal principles of military psychiatry, immedi...

W. Hausman D. M. Rioch

1966-01-01

364

Comparative Military Personnel Policies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report looks at the problems associated with the recruitment and employment of military personnel in Western industrialized society. It is particularly concerned with issues relating to the recruitment and retention within the military of homosexuals...

G. Harries-Jenkins

1994-01-01

365

ADHD and the Military  

MedlinePLUS

ADHD and the Military Can't find what you're looking for? Our health information specialists are ... 800-233-4050 or online . Can Individuals with ADHD Join the Military? Finding accurate information about whether ...

366

Military Sexual Trauma  

MedlinePLUS

... 8255 Military One Source 800-342-9647 Military Sexual Assault SafeHelpline 877-995-5247 18 reads Home Topics ... experienced a sexual trauma. Sexual trauma (harassment, assault, rape and associated violence) can trigger a range of ...

367

Revisiting Erie, Guaranty Trust, and Gasperini: The Role of Jewish Social History in Fashioning Modern American Federalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the connection between traditional Jewish localism and the creation of modern American federalism that flows from the Erie doctrine. First, the riddle of Gasperiniis explored. Next, the federalist philosophies of Justices Brandeis and Frankfurter in Erie and Guaranty Trust are discussed. Finally, the article analyzes how Justices Brandeis, Frankfurter, and Ginsburg, as twentieth century American Jews, embody

Daniel R. Gordon

2002-01-01

368

"Know Your Roots": Development and Evaluation of an Oral History Curriculum for Native American Middle-School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Indian children have systematically been denied the opportunity to learn about their origin stories and oral traditions in the mainstream American public school system and have suffered from approaches long documented as failing them. Tribal entities across the nation are making concerted efforts to revitalize Native languages and…

Lacourt, Jeanne; St. Clair, Darlene; Kokotailo, Patricia K.; Wilson, Dale; Chewning, Betty

2005-01-01

369

Ethnic Conflict: Imperatives for US Military Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is no secret that American military strategists were roughly ejected from their comfort zones by the end of the Cold War. After decades of being securely anchored by the all-consuming struggle between democracy and communism, such individuals were sudd...

K. D. Lohide

1999-01-01

370

The Military Socialization of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Revision of a paper presented at the American Sociological Association meetings, Denver, Colo., 1971. The effects of military training in a university setting on the attitudes of prospective army officers are examined. ROTC recruits students with militaristic attitudes; the Corps serves to insulate cadets from the liberalizing effects of the…

Goertzel, Ted; Hengst, Acco

1971-01-01

371

Military Effectiveness: A Reappraisal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military effectiveness is a common goal among military forces, but it is an ill-defined concept. Two divergent theories cover the ground of military effectiveness. One looks at the interaction of social structures, whereas the other looks at the effect or...

J. J. Bernasconi

2007-01-01

372

Listening to Military Members Returning From Iraq and\\/or Afghanistan: A Phenomenological Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some practicing psychologists are seeing an increasing number of returned military members. The primary objective of this research was to describe and understand the experiences of American military members who had been stationed in Iraq and\\/or Afghanistan since the conflict began in 2003. Phenomenological interviews were conducted with 10 male military members ranging from 23 to 56 years old, who

Marie E. Shaw; Mark A. Hector

2010-01-01

373

Space systems and the military geography of future regional conflicts  

SciTech Connect

The application of space systems to military operations as seen in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm will surely transform regional security environments around the world and rewrite the military geography of conflicts, alliances, and industrial strategies. The first part of this report outlines the significance of space systems for contemporary military operations, as seen recently in the operations against Iraq; the second parts describes the likely response of other actors and regions; the third section discusses implications of these developments for the future military geography of regions important to American security; and the fourth highlights programmatic implications for future US capabilities. 34 refs.

Butterworth, R.L.

1992-01-01

374

American Women: A Gateway to Library of Congress Resources for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2001 the Library of Congress created the print publication, "American Women: A Library of Congress Guide for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States." The guide was recently redesigned for online use with the addition of illustrations and links to existing digitized material in order to provide a small sample of the Library's vast holdings in this area. As such, the site is not a collection of digital items, but rather an introduction (and a very thorough one) to those researchers working in the area of American women's history. Along with the guide, the home page provides information that will help researchers planning to do on-site research at the Library of Congress, tips on searching for women's history resources in the catalogs, and information about Web broadcasts from events sponsored by the Library that are available through different Web sites. Some of the more recent broadcasts that are available include Amy Shapiro's discussion of her biography of the New Jersey Congresswoman, Millicent Fenwick, and a talk with Ann Hoog (a folk life specialist at the Library of Congress) about the "man-on-the-street" interviews conducted after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

375

Military psychiatry in India  

PubMed Central

Military personnel, because of the unique nature of their duties and services, are likely to be under stress which at times has no parallel in civilian life. The stress of combat and service in extreme weather conditions often act as major stressors. The modern practices in military psychiatry had their beginning during the two World Wars, more particularly, the IInd World War. The GHPU concept had the beginning in India with military hospitals having such establishments in the care of their clientele. As the nation gained independence, many of the military psychiatrists shifted to the civil stream and contributed immensely in the development of modern psychiatry in India. In the recent years military psychiatry has been given the status of a subspecialty chapter and the military psychiatrists have been regularly organizing CMEs and training programs for their members to prepare them to function in the special role of military psychiatrists.

Prabhu, H. R. A.

2010-01-01

376

Senior Officer Oral History Program Project Handlist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains a project list of taped interviews and transcribed work covering approximately 900 personalities and special topics in military history. The historical material was given by various associations and individuals who donated oral histories to the U.S. Army Military History Institute for use by researchers. Each project…

Army War Coll., Carlisle Barracks, PA.

377

Military Leadership as an Element of National Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

History shows that national power can be magnified by military genius. The converse is also true. America has never needed military genius to win a war because she and her allies have always had an overwhelming superiority of men, money, and machines. On ...

I. M. Boatner

1966-01-01

378

The Corps Of Engineers Military Ocean Engineering Related Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Corps of Engineers, CE, has a long and varied history of research and development (R&D) in military\\/ civil ocean engineering. Model tests were performed of floating breakwaters used during the Normandy invasion, investigations have been made of military harbors, and designs have been prepared for breakwaters and jetties. The CE has had a key role in numerous joint studies

R. Whalin

1983-01-01

379

Germany's Past Contested: The Soviet-American Conflict in Berlin over History Curriculum Reform, 1945-48.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts the dialogue between U. S. and Soviet members of the Allied Kommandatura Education Committee (AKEC) in post World War II Berlin regarding the formation of a new history curriculum for German youth. Concludes that the history curriculum accord represented a U.S.-Soviet desire to use schools as a means of denazifying Berlin youth. (SLM)

Wegner, Gregory P.

1990-01-01

380

Comics and Conflict: War and Patriotically Themed Comics in American Cultural History From World War Ii Through the Iraq War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Illustration has been an integral part of human history. Particularly before the advent of media such as photography, film, television, and now the Internet, illustrations in all their variety have been the primary visual way to convey history. The comic book, which emerged in its modern form in the 1930s, was another form of visual entertainment that gave readers, especially

Cord A. Scott

2011-01-01

381

William Cain Ruffin, M.D., and some history of the Ruffin family as it pertains to the American Civil War.  

PubMed

In the late 1970s, Prof. Herbert ("Herb") Kaufman, M.D., a fine Harvard-trained ophthalmologist who had both developed and chaired the Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, University of Florida. Gainesville, FL, chose to resign his appointment there. Prof. Kaufman had accepted the Chair in Ophthalmology at Louisiana State U. in New Orleans. The writer was a member of the Department of Ophthalmology faculty in Gainesville, FL, at the time. Following Herb Kaufman's resignation, Professor William Cain Ruffin, M.D., a psychiatrist with academic credentials, was assigned to serve as the Interim Chairman of the Department of Ophthalmology at Gainesville for a few years by the then Dean of the Medical School at the U. of Florida. This paper addresses some interesting facts regarding Prof./Dr. Ruffin and his family history, particularly as that history relates to the American Civil War. PMID:22702010

Enoch, Jay M

2012-01-01

382

Digital History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Utilizing digital and online technologies to teach different disciplines continues to be quite popular, and the Digital History website will be a most welcome find for teachers (and students) of American history. Developed in collaboration with the University of Houston, the Chicago Historical Society, the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston and several other entities the site includes an online American history textbook, an interactive timeline, a multimedia section, and a very rich selection of primary source materials. The multimedia section is a real find, as it contains several well-thought out lectures with titles like "The History of Domestic Violence", "The Cultural Civil War of the 1960s", and "America Today and America Past". Students will also appreciate the writing guide area, as it contains several short essays on how to write in a history class and how to compose a critical book review.

383

Vicksburg National Military Park Cultural Landscape Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vicksburg National Military Park was established on February 21, 1899, to commemorate the campaign, siege, and defense of Vicksburg, Mississippi, and to preserve the history of the battles and operations of the siege and defense on the ground where they w...

2009-01-01

384

Role of the Military, Unit III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit on the role of the military in Wyoming history provides activities which focus on the system of forts which began in 1849, Indian conflicts, World War II, and the Army and Air National Guard. Student activities include illustrating various battles, locating major Wyoming forts on a map, field trips to F.E. Warren Air Force Base and Fort…

Robinson, Terry

385

Civil and Military Bureaucracy in Pakistan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper discusses the history of civil and military rule in the Pakistani Government and its effect on U.S. foreign policy. It reviews policy making and administrative control in Pakistan during the British Colonial regime, the Indian Civil Service-Civ...

R. LaPorte

1981-01-01

386

Physician Assistant History Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Like so many others, perhaps some of our Scout Report readers have wondered: "Where can I find out more about the history of physician assistants?" Those persons need wonder no longer, as this very thorough website provides a cornucopia of material that addresses all aspects of that very query. The site was created by a group of responsible organizations, including Duke University Medical Center and the American Academy of Physicians Assistants. The site's "Timeline" section is a good place to start as it offers a chronology of the different phases of the history of this profession, which dates back to 1650 when German military medical assistants were introduced into Russian armies by no less a personage than Peter the Great. Other sections include biographical essays of pioneering physician assistants such as Richard Smith and Marvin L. Gliedman. The site is rounded out by a collection of photographs of important artifacts (such as a stethoscope used by Dr. Eugene Stead, Jr., who founded the profession) and a bibliography.

387

Immunization and military medicine.  

PubMed

This lecture, a memorial to Joseph E. Smadel, reviews the involvement of the military in the development and use of immunizing materials. Smallpox and smallpox immunization in the military and the development and present status of immunization against typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, typhus, tetanus, diphtheria, plague, influenza, adenovirus, meningitis, rubella, and malaria are reviewed. Dr. Smadel's personal contributions to the significant achievements of the military program to civilian practice are emphasized. PMID:6369477

Benenson, A S

1984-01-01

388

Soviet military on SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative). Professional paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous Western analysts have suggested that all American assessments of SDI should proceed not only from a consideration of American intentions, but also from the outlook of Soviet perceptions. Since 23 March 1983, the prevailing tone of Soviet military writings on SDI has been overwhelmingly negative. Myron Hedlin has concluded that this harsh reaction to a U.S. initiative still years

1987-01-01

389

Telling the Story: Impact of Military-Media Relations on the Operational Commander.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The history of military-media relations began as and remains one of suspicion and distrust. This paper examines the military-media relationship and its impact on the operational commander's planning process in military operations. A brief review of the mi...

S. S. Oram

1993-01-01

390

The Great Migration 1900-1939: Enriching the Humanities through the Study of African-American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports on the "Great Migration" project at Harvard University that brought together scholars and teachers to study the roots, processes, and results of African Americans' urban migration during the period from 1900-1939. The primary purpose of the project was to enhance teachers' scholarly understanding of this aspect of U.S.…

Wiske, Martha Stone; Graham, Maryemma

391

Rethinking "the" History of Education for Asian-American Children in California in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article brings to light discourses that constituted the education of Asian-American children in California in the second half of the nineteenth century. Guided by Foucaultian ideas and critical race theory, I analyze California public school laws, speeches of a governor-elect and a superintendent, and a report of the board of supervisors,…

Jahng, Kyung Eun

2013-01-01

392

Jurassic-Cretaceous history of Cuba: implications for the evolution of the southern margin of the North American plate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The oldest Cuban sedimentary rocks, clastics of the Bajocian San Cayetano Fm. provide the earliest record of North American-Gondwana rifting as seen in Cuba. A similar clastic sequence is seen below the carbonates of the Bahamas platform. In the Pinar del Rio area, the San Cayetano is succeeded by Oxfordian limestones, the shallow water Jagua Fm. to the south and

J. A. Barros; E. Rosencrantz

1985-01-01

393

A Preliminary Examination of Trauma History, Locus of Control, and PTSD Symptom Severity in African American Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research has established a relationship between external locus of control and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity among Caucasians. There is also evidence that African Americans tend to exhibit an elevated external locus of control. However, the relationship between external control and PTSD symptom severity has not been…

Hood, Sarah K.; Carter, Michele M.

2008-01-01

394

A Sexual Risk and Stress Reduction Intervention Designed for HIV-Positive Bisexual African American Men With Childhood Sexual Abuse Histories  

PubMed Central

Objectives. HIV transmission risk is high among men who have sex with men and women (MSMW), and it is further heightened by a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and current traumatic stress or depression. Yet, traumatic stress is rarely addressed in HIV interventions. We tested a stress-focused sexual risk reduction intervention for African American MSMW with CSA histories. Methods. This randomized controlled trial compared a stress-focused sexual risk reduction intervention with a general health promotion intervention. Sexual risk behaviors, psychological symptoms, stress biomarkers (urinary cortisol and catecholamines), and neopterin (an indicator of HIV progression) were assessed at baseline and at 3- and 6-month follow-ups. Results. Both interventions decreased and sustained reductions in sexual risk and psychological symptoms. The stress-focused intervention was more efficacious than the general health promotion intervention in decreasing unprotected anal insertive sex and reducing depression symptoms. Despite randomization, baseline group differences in CSA severity, psychological symptoms, and biomarkers were found and linked to subsequent intervention outcomes. Conclusions. Although interventions designed specifically for HIV-positive African American MSMW can lead to improvements in health outcomes, future research is needed to examine factors that influence intervention effects.

Glover, Dorie A.; Wyatt, Gail E.; Kisler, Kimberly; Liu, Honghu; Zhang, Muyu

2013-01-01

395

Cost as a Military Requirement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1916, Frederick Lanchester theorized that the power of a military force is proportional to the square of the number of its units. Despite technological advances in military weaponry, Lanchester s basic observation that quantity is essential to military...

J. S. Gansler W. Lucyshyn

2013-01-01

396

Advising Transfer Military Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's students can come from a larger area than just high school. With the entire world's conflicts and today's society, more and more of our present day students may have come from the military ranks. Though we have not come to an actual draft system, more and more modern day students have served their time in the military, to keep America…

Bailey, Steven

2011-01-01

397

Radiometry in military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Missiles guided using optoelectronic methods, optoelectronic imaging systems (thermal imaging systems, night vision devices, LLLTV cameras, TV cameras), and optoelectronic countermeasures (smoke screens, camouflage paints and nets, IR flares, decoys, jamming systems, warning systems) are one of the most important components of modern military armament. There are numerous military standards, some of them secret, that precise radiometric parameters to be

Krzysztof Chrzanowski

2001-01-01

398

Hebrew Military Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to give the military student a broad range of vocabulary on military subjects and a general understanding of the structure and operations of the Israel Defense Forces, this reader parallels advanced materials prepared for Foreign Service students of Hebrew and consists of short reading passages, each followed by a vocabulary list…

Abarbanel, Joel I.

399

Mary Lake: A Case Study of Fifth Grade Social Studies (American History) Teaching. Elementary Subjects Center Series No. 26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of the methods of teaching U.S. history that have been developed by an exemplary fifth-grade teacher is presented. It includes description, rationale, and examples of the instructor's overall approach, along with detailed recording of everything done during a month-long unit on the English colonies. The teacher's approach is notable…

Brophy, Jere

400

From Presidential Protection to Campus Security: A Brief History of Threat Assessment in North American Schools and Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a brief history of the development of behavioral threat assessment within colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, from the original Secret Service model used to evaluate threats against the U.S. president, to its adaptations for workplace settings and United States and Canadian secondary schools, to its…

Randazzo, Marisa R.; Cameron, J. Kevin

2012-01-01

401

North Carolina: The History of an American State #4004. Eighth Grade, Required Year Course, Social Studies Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide presents a course description for teaching North Carolina state history and heritage to eighth grade students. A general topical outline, a list of resource materials, and 10 learning objectives are provided. Specific course topics, suggested class activities, and references to designated pages within the selected resource…

Townsend, Kenneth

402

Teaching in Tragedy by Teaching the History of Its Remembrance: Oradour-sur-Glane and American Students in September 2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the Fall term, 2001, the author taught a new course intended to develop a diversity of close reading skills among his students. An integral component of the course involved the exploration of memory and history. As the fate of the syllabus would have it, right after the September attacks he taught Sarah Farmer's "Martyred Village:…

Reid, Donald M.

2002-01-01

403

Sabbatical Leave in American Higher Education: Origin, Early History, and Current Practices. Bulletin, 1962, No. 17. OE-53016  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Granting sabbatical leave as a stimulus to scholarly growth and as a broadening of outlook appeared among the earliest fringe benefits provided faculty members by institutions of higher education in the United States. This report on the history of sabbatical leave and present practices in that area should be helpful to institutions engaged in the…

Eells, Walter Crosby; Hollis, Ernest V.

1962-01-01

404

Liberation psychological implications for pastoral care of Korean military wives.  

PubMed

Native Korean women frequently suffer poverty, sexual violence, and Confucian gender discrimination. Once in America Korean military wives also experience racial and sexual oppression, intercultural familial conflicts and violence, and identity crisis and lead to feelings of isolation and non-belonging, a sense of anomie. Korean American pastors tend to understate and oversimplify the complexity of psychological and spiritual suffering of Korean military wives and overemphasize individual faith development as a solution. Liberation psychology evolved from an awareness of similar dehumanizing realities. The context-based perspective of liberation psychology offers a model to interpret and assist in the psychological and spiritual healing of Korean military wives. The healing power of conscientization offered in Liberation psychology for oppressed individuals encourages self-awakening suggesting it as an ideal interventional model to help Korean military wives and would be a useful approach for Korean American pastors. PMID:21404760

Chang, Bocheol

2010-01-01

405

Radiologic history exhibit: the American Association for Women Radiologists (AAWR): 25 years of promoting women in radiology.  

PubMed

On the 25th anniversary of the American Association for Women Radiologists (AAWR), the association's accomplishments in promoting the careers of women radiologists were reviewed. Programs that feature opportunities for women to balance their careers and their personal lives have contributed greatly to promoting networking opportunities at national meetings. Highlights of women's accomplishments in national radiology organizations underline how far women have advanced in the specialty. Future initiatives for the organization center on increasing women's involvement in recruiting and mentoring other women in radiology. PMID:18349459

Angtuaco, Teresita L; Macura, Katarzyna J; Lewicki, Ann M; Rosado-de-Christenson, Melissa L; Rumack, Carol M

2008-01-01

406

Highlights in the History of U.S. Army Dentistry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Experience is valuable to improving performance in every field. History serves as the community record of experience, and within the military community it is valued as one of the instruments of situational analysis. Published records of military dental hi...

J. E. Kinig N. A. Watson S. A. Passo

2012-01-01

407

A brief history of the American radium industry and its ties to the scientific community of its early twentieth century  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Federally funded remedial action projects are presently underway in New Jersey and Colorado at sites containing 226Ra and other radionuclides from radium-uranium ore extraction plants that operated during the early twentieth century. They are but the latest chapter in the story of an American industry that emerged and perished in the span of three decades. Major extraction plants were established in or near Denver (CO), Pittsburgh (PA), and New York City (NY) to process radium from ore that came largely from the carnotite deposits of western Colorado and eastern Utah. The staffs of these plants included some of the finest chemists and physicists in the nation, and the highly-refined radium products found a variety of uses in medicine and industry. The discovery of high-grade pitchblende ores in the Belgian Congo and the subsequent opening of an extraction plant near Antwerp, Belgium, in 1992, however, created an economic climate that put an end to the American radium industry. The geologic, chemical, and engineering information gathered during this era formed the basis of the uranium industry of the later part of the century, while the tailings and residues came to be viewed as environmental problems during the same period.

Landa, E. R.

1993-01-01

408

The history of the North African mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U6 gene flow into the African, Eurasian and American continents  

PubMed Central

Background Complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome analyses have greatly improved the phylogeny and phylogeography of human mtDNA. Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U6 has been considered as a molecular signal of a Paleolithic return to North Africa of modern humans from southwestern Asia. Results Using 230 complete sequences we have refined the U6 phylogeny, and improved the phylogeographic information by the analysis of 761 partial sequences. This approach provides chronological limits for its arrival to Africa, followed by its spreads there according to climatic fluctuations, and its secondary prehistoric and historic migrations out of Africa colonizing Europe, the Canary Islands and the American Continent. Conclusions The U6 expansions and contractions inside Africa faithfully reflect the climatic fluctuations that occurred in this Continent affecting also the Canary Islands. Mediterranean contacts drove these lineages to Europe, at least since the Neolithic. In turn, the European colonization brought different U6 lineages throughout the American Continent leaving the specific sign of the colonizers origin.

2014-01-01

409

Life Interrupted: The Japanese American Experience in WW II Arkansas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which gave the Secretary of War the authority to designate "military areas from which to exclude certain people." As a result, over 120,000 Japanese-Americans were removed to relocation camps all over the United States for much of World War II. This site, developed by the University of Arkansas at Little Rock's Public History program and the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles, offers a nicely composed historical overview to the human experience within the two relocation camps in Arkansas during World War II. The design of the site is particularly inviting, as each section appears as a manila folder, on top of a well-worn wooden table. A history section offers a brief overview of the internment of Japanese Americans across the country, along with a timeline that provides details on the history of the Arkansas camps. A multimedia section allows visitors to view the current site of the former camps and to browse through a scrapbook of archive photographs of daily life in the camps. This site will be an excellent resource for educators and students seeking information about this tragic episode in American history.

410

The phylogeography of trypanosomes from South American alligatorids and African crocodilids is consistent with the geological history of South American river basins and the transoceanic dispersal of Crocodylus at the Miocene  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about the diversity, phylogenetic relationships, and biogeography of trypanosomes infecting non-mammalian hosts. In this study, we investigated the influence of host species and biogeography on shaping the genetic diversity, phylogenetic relationship, and distribution of trypanosomes from South American alligatorids and African crocodilids. Methods Small Subunit rRNA (SSU rRNA) and glycosomal Glyceraldehyde Phosphate Dehydrogenase (gGAPDH) genes were employed for phylogenetic inferences. Trypanosomes from crocodilians were obtained by haemoculturing. Growth behaviour, morphology, and ultrastructural features complement the molecular description of two new species strongly supported by phylogenetic analyses. Results The inferred phylogenies disclosed a strongly supported crocodilian-restricted clade comprising three subclades. The subclade T. grayi comprised the African Trypanosoma grayi from Crocodylus niloticus and tsetse flies. The subclade T. ralphi comprised alligatorid trypanosomes represented by Trypanosoma ralphi n. sp. from Melanosuchus niger, Caiman crocodilus and Caiman yacare from Brazilian river basins. T. grayi and T. ralphi were sister subclades. The basal subclade T. terena comprised alligatorid trypanosomes represented by Trypanosoma terena n. sp. from Ca. yacare sharing hosts and basins with the distantly genetic related T. ralphi. This subclade also included the trypanosome from Ca. crocodilus from the Orinoco basin in Venezuela and, unexpectedly, a trypanosome from the African crocodilian Osteolaemus tetraspis. Conclusion The close relationship between South American and African trypanosomes is consistent with paleontological evidence of recent transoceanic dispersal of Crocodylus at the Miocene/Pliocene boundaries (4–5 mya), and host-switching of trypanosomes throughout the geological configuration of South American hydrographical basins shaping the evolutionary histories of the crocodilians and their trypanosomes.

2013-01-01

411

Let History Reign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spanish River High School is one of 40 U.S. History Schools and 21 affiliates around the country that get resources and academic support from the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. The schools require participating students to take a U.S. history course each year, in addition to any requisites in world history and other subjects. The…

Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

2008-01-01

412

Continental biogenic species in the Greenland Ice Core Project ice core: Tracing back the biomass history of the North American continent  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ammonium, nitrate, and organic acid records from the Greenland Ice Core Project deep ice core are discussed. All species have a continental biogenic source that is situated predominantly on the North American continent for species deposited in Summit, central Greenland. The record therefore can be used to trace back the biomass history of the North American continent. Difficulty in the interpretation of these records arises from their unknown transfer behavior in a more alkaline atmosphere, which characterizes glacial time periods compared to interglacial stadials. This may have implications not only for weak acids such as formate and acetate, but also possibly for the transport and incorporation of HNO3 into aerosols, whereas ammonium is probably not affected by the alkalinity change of the atmosphere. Our approach is to compare samples with similar H+ concentrations throughout the record. From the records we infer several significant fluctuations in the extent of the Laurentide Ice Sheet during the last glaciation. We find evidence against the occurrence of an extensive Younger Dryas event in North America.

Fuhrer, Katrin; Legrand, Michel

1997-11-01

413

Introduced American eels Anguilla rostrata in European waters: life-history traits in a non-native environment.  

PubMed

This study investigated growth, condition and development of American eels Anguilla rostrata that were introduced into a European river to estimate their competitive potential in a non-native habitat. Results demonstrate that A. rostrata develops normally in European waters and successfully competes with the native European eel Anguilla anguilla. In addition, A. rostrata appears to be more susceptible to the Asian swimbladder nematode Anguillicola crassus than A. anguilla and could support the further propagation of this parasite. Detected differences in fat content and gonad mass between Anguilla species are assumed to reflect species-specific adaptations to spawning migration distances. This study indicates that A. rostrata is a potential competitor for the native fauna in European fresh waters and suggests strict import regulations to prevent additional pressure on A. anguilla and a potential further deterioration of its stock situation. PMID:24787669

Marohn, L; Prigge, E; Hanel, R

2014-06-01

414

The African-American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site marks the publication by the US Library of Congress of the Mosaic, the first Library-wide resource guide to the institution's African-American collections. "Covering the nearly 500 years of the black experience in the Western hemisphere, the Mosaic surveys the full range, size, and variety of the Library's collections, including books, periodicals, prints, photographs, music, film, and recorded sound." The site offers samples of the materials and themes in the Library's collections. It is also a sample of a much larger exhibit planned for 1998. The LOC chose to highlight four of the many themes covered in the Mosaic at this site: Colonization, Abolition, Migrations, and the Works Progress Administration (WPA). Each section covers key issues and figures and offers many digitized images of original documents held by the Library.

415

Historiography, American Theatre, and the First Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American theatre history should include a study of Native American performances, since these performances are rich with "American" symbolic materials such as imagery, symbols, and heraldic visions of animals and landscapes. Indian cultures understood the importance of performance for both the visionary and the community at large. Even the pow-wow…

Jenkins, Linda Walsh

416

Selection of Military Advisors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Proper selection of advisory personnel for transition teams is critical to military advisory efforts in Iraq. The selection procedures currently in place have shortcomings that may be best adjusted through analyzing historical experiences and prior lesson...

T. J. Clark

2007-01-01

417

The Military's Monopsony Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military, and society in general, can be made better off by moving to the competitive equilibrium, the Pareto optimal solution. However, even if the competitive solution is not politically possible, the present monopsony solution for the AVF is prefer...

A. Quester M. Nakada

1982-01-01

418

Military Space Station Implications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Justifying the relevancy of a Manned Military Space Station (MMSS) and subsequently proposing its deployment to capitalize upon the United States' national security interests is the essence and purpose of this group study project. The MMSS is intended to ...

G. D. Bourne G. D. Skirvin G. R. Wilson

1987-01-01

419

Professional Military Ethic.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Understanding the professional military ethic (PME) first requires understanding the conceptual foundations upon which it stands. This foundation includes objective morality, the sociology of professions, professional ethics in general, and the profession...

J. D. Cazier

2012-01-01

420

Military Immunization Communication Handbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Defense's (DoD) immunization program is an integral part of DoD's force protection program. One of the biggest challenges for the military immunization program involves maintaining a comprehensive communication effort to provide informat...

2005-01-01

421

Samuel Johnson's Military Writings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis contends that a consistent pattern of thought unites Johnson's moral and philological compositions (the Rambler and Idler essays, the Sermons) with his military writings--those works that have as their subjects soldiers or warfare. Specificall...

B. J. Hanley

1992-01-01

422

WAR & Military Mental Health  

PubMed Central

Involvement in warfare can have dramatic consequences for the mental health and well-being of military personnel. During the 20th century, US military psychiatrists tried to deal with these consequences while contributing to the military goal of preserving manpower and reducing the debilitating impact of psychiatric syndromes by implementing screening programs to detect factors that predispose individuals to mental disorders, providing early intervention strategies for acute war-related syndromes, and treating long-term psychiatric disability after deployment. The success of screening has proven disappointing, the effects of treatment near the front lines are unclear, and the results of treatment for chronic postwar syndromes are mixed. After the Persian Gulf War, a number of military physicians made innovative proposals for a population-based approach, anchored in primary care instead of specialty-based care. This approach appears to hold the most promise for the future.

Pols, Hans; Oak, Stephanie

2007-01-01

423

Psychology of Military Groups.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Ideology and social psychology: The subject of social psychology; Interdependence of ideology and social psychology; Class and national features of social psychology; Basic elements of social psychology. Study of the psychology of a military gro...

A. Campbell E. Fortunatov

1968-01-01

424

Military usage of connectors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Military specifications with general purpose parameters and termination data covering flat connectors and flat cables are proposed. The material, design, coating, and insulation are discussed, and drafts of specifications for flat cables including quality assurance provisions, and inspection are presented.

Schade, R.

1972-01-01

425

Radiometry in military applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Missiles guided using optoelectronic methods, optoelectronic imaging systems (thermal imaging systems, night vision devices, LLLTV cameras, TV cameras), and optoelectronic countermeasures (smoke screens, camouflage paints and nets, IR flares, decoys, jamming systems, warning systems) are one of the most important components of modern military armament. There are numerous military standards, some of them secret, that precise radiometric parameters to be measured and the testing methods to be used. There is also much literature on the subject of testing of the systems mentioned above, although mostly on subject of testing of the thermal imaging systems. In spite of this apparently numerous literature, there still significant confusion in this area due to secrecy of some parameters and testing methods, differences in recommendations of different military standards, fast progress in military optoelectronics, and also due to enormous number of different types of optoelectronics systems used in the military armament. A review of testing methods of the three basic groups of optoelectronics systems used in modern military armament: the missiles guided using optoelectronics methods, the optoelectronic imaging systems, and the optoelectronic countermeasures is presented in this paper. Trends in the measuring sets.

Chrzanowski, Krzysztof

2001-08-01

426

Interaction between 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and abuse history on adolescent African-American females' condom use behavior following participation in an HIV prevention intervention.  

PubMed

Not everyone exposed to an efficacious human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) intervention will reduce sexual risk behaviors, yet little is known about factors associated with "failure to change" high-risk sexual behaviors post-intervention. History of abuse and polymorphisms in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTT) may be associated with non-change. The current study sought to identify genetic, life history, and psychosocial factors associated with adolescents' failure to change condom use behaviors post-participation in an HIV prevention intervention. A sub-set of participants from a clinic-based sample of adolescent African-American females (N?=?254) enrolled in a randomized trial of an HIV-prevention was utilized for the current study. Forty-four percent did not increase their condom use from baseline levels 6 months after participating in the sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV prevention intervention. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, an interaction between abuse and 5-HTTLPR group was significantly associated with non-change status, along with partner communication frequency scores at follow-up. Follow-up tests found that having a history of abuse was significantly associated with greater odds of non-change in condom use post-intervention for only those with the s allele. For those with ll allele, participants with higher partner communication frequency scores were at decreased odds of non-change in condom use post-intervention. Thus, STI/HIV interventions for adolescent females may consider providing a more in-depth discussion and instruction on how to manage and overcome fear or anxiety related to being assertive in sexual decisions or sexual situations. Doing so may improve the efficacy of STI/HIV prevention programs for adolescent women who have experienced abuse in their lifetime. PMID:23479192

Sales, Jessica M; DiClemente, Ralph J; Brody, Gene H; Philibert, Robert A; Rose, Eve

2014-06-01

427

UK role 4 military infection services: past, present and future.  

PubMed

NATO describes 'Role 4' military medical services as those provided for the definitive care of patients who cannot be treated within a theatre of operations and these are usually located in a military force's country of origin and may include the involvement of civilian medical services. The UK Defence Medical Services have a proud history of developing and providing clinical services in infectious diseases and tropical medicine, sexual health and HIV medicine, and medical microbiology and virology. These UK Role 4 Military Infection Services have adapted well to recent overseas deployments, but new challenges will arise due to current military cutbacks and a greater diversity of contingency operations in the future. Further evidence-based development of these services will require leadership by military clinicians and improved communication and support for 'reach-back' services. PMID:24109133

Dufty, Ngozi E; Bailey, M S

2013-09-01

428

History Cooperative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A project of the American Historical Association (AHA), the Organization of American Historians (OAH), the University of Illinois Press, and the National Academy Press, this site currently offers index and abstract access to issues of the American Historical Review and the Journal of American History. Full text access is restricted to members of the AHA and OAH, and to institutions that subscribe to the print versions. The site also hosts special features that will remain free to all. One example of this material is the multimedia essay, "Los Angeles and the Problem of Urban Historical Knowledge," which employs animated maps, photos, and other visual materials. Another example of this content is a searchable online version of the fourteen-volume Booker T. Washington Papers originally published by the University of Illinois Press. The volumes are presented in an adapted version of the National Academy Press's Open Book framework and may be easily browsed, printed, and searched down to the page level.

429

Jurassic-Cretaceous history of Cuba: implications for the evolution of the southern margin of the North American plate  

SciTech Connect

The oldest Cuban sedimentary rocks, clastics of the Bajocian San Cayetano Fm. provide the earliest record of North American-Gondwana rifting as seen in Cuba. A similar clastic sequence is seen below the carbonates of the Bahamas platform. In the Pinar del Rio area, the San Cayetano is succeeded by Oxfordian limestones, the shallow water Jagua Fm. to the south and deeper water Francisco Fm. to the north. Both contain basaltic pillow lavas, related either to rifting or to leaky transform motion parallel to the margin. The Oxfordian units are overlain by Kimmeridgian to Tithonian pelagic limestones, the Guasasa and Artemisa Fms. The later interfingers with northerly derived calci-turbidites. North of the Escambray, silici-clastic fragments in late Jurassic pelagic limestones suggests that a basement high existed south of the platform until the Berriasian. The carbonate platform continues to shed debris along its southern edge throughout the Cretaceous. To the south an Aptian-Albian episode of turbidite deposition suggests that South America-Africa rifting caused tectonic disturbances in the Caribbean. Southerly derived volcanoclastics deposited during the Maastrichtian marks the start of the Cuban orogeny.

Barros, J.A.; Rosencrantz, E.

1985-01-01

430

mtDNA history of the Cayapa Amerinds of Ecuador: detection of additional founding lineages for the Native American populations.  

PubMed

mtDNA variation in the Cayapa, an Ecuadorian Amerindian tribe belonging to the Chibcha-Paezan linguistic branch, was analyzed by use of hypervariable control regions I and II along with two linked regions undergoing insertion/deletion mutations. Three major maternal lineage clusters fit into the A, B, and C founding groups first described by Schurr and colleagues in 1990, whereas a fourth lineage, apparently unique to the Cayapa, has ambiguous affinity to known clusters. The time of divergence from a common maternal ancestor of the four lineage groups is of sufficient age that it indicates an origin in Asia and supports the hypothesis that the degree of variability carried by the Asian ancestral populations into the New World was rather high. Spatial autocorrelation analysis points out (a) statistically significant nonrandom distributions of the founding lineages in the Americas, because of north-south population movements that have occurred since the first Asian migrants spread through Beringia into the Americas, and (b) an unusual pattern associated with the D lineage cluster. The values of haplotype and nucleotide diversity that are displayed by the Cayapa appear to differ from those observed in other Chibchan populations but match those calculated for South American groups belonging to various linguistic stocks. These data, together with the results of phylogenetic analysis performed with the Amerinds of Central and South America, highlight the difficulty in the identification of clear coevolutionary patterns between linguistic and genetic relationships in particular human populations. PMID:10417294

Rickards, O; Martínez-Labarga, C; Lum, J K; De Stefano, G F; Cann, R L

1999-08-01

431

mtDNA history of the Cayapa Amerinds of Ecuador: detection of additional founding lineages for the Native American populations.  

PubMed Central

mtDNA variation in the Cayapa, an Ecuadorian Amerindian tribe belonging to the Chibcha-Paezan linguistic branch, was analyzed by use of hypervariable control regions I and II along with two linked regions undergoing insertion/deletion mutations. Three major maternal lineage clusters fit into the A, B, and C founding groups first described by Schurr and colleagues in 1990, whereas a fourth lineage, apparently unique to the Cayapa, has ambiguous affinity to known clusters. The time of divergence from a common maternal ancestor of the four lineage groups is of sufficient age that it indicates an origin in Asia and supports the hypothesis that the degree of variability carried by the Asian ancestral populations into the New World was rather high. Spatial autocorrelation analysis points out (a) statistically significant nonrandom distributions of the founding lineages in the Americas, because of north-south population movements that have occurred since the first Asian migrants spread through Beringia into the Americas, and (b) an unusual pattern associated with the D lineage cluster. The values of haplotype and nucleotide diversity that are displayed by the Cayapa appear to differ from those observed in other Chibchan populations but match those calculated for South American groups belonging to various linguistic stocks. These data, together with the results of phylogenetic analysis performed with the Amerinds of Central and South America, highlight the difficulty in the identification of clear coevolutionary patterns between linguistic and genetic relationships in particular human populations.

Rickards, O; Martinez-Labarga, C; Lum, J K; De Stefano, G F; Cann, R L

1999-01-01

432

Into the Curriculum. Music: Stories with Music and Reading/Language Arts: Using the Newspaper and Social Studies: Dragon Tales: Part One of Three Programs and Social Studies: African American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides lesson plans for a music lesson on operas, operettas, and musicals; a reading/language arts lesson on using newspapers; and social studies lessons on Chinese folk tales and African American history. Lists print and nonprint resources; and discusses instructional roles, activities, procedures, evaluation, and follow-up. (PEN)

Davis, Rainey G.; And Others

1997-01-01

433

Naval History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The world of naval history is quite vast, especially considering that it is linked to the earliest days of warfare and stretches back thousands of years. Designed by Gordon Smith, this particular site details the history of various national navies during the twentieth century, with a particular focus on the World Wars and other military actions. Not surprisingly, visitors to the site will want to take a look at the areas dedicated to the World Wars, as the coverage of the role of various navies is quite good here. In these sections, visitors can learn about the various ships used during each period and also look at the campaigns and battles by year and by month. There is also a rather touching section dedicated to Gordon Smith's father, George Smith, who was lost in the sinking of the HMS Charybdis off the Brittany coast on October 23rd, 1943.

434

Physical and sexual abuse histories in patients with eating disorders: a comparison of Japanese and American patients.  

PubMed

Physical and sexual abuse among patients with eating disorders has been a focus of attention in Western countries, however, there is no study comparing the incidence of these factors in Western and Asian countries. Japanese subjects consisted of 38 patients with anorexia nervosa restricting type (AN-R), 46 patients with anorexia nervosa binge eating/purging type (AN-BP), 76 patients with bulimia nervosa purging type (BN) and 99 controls. Subjects from the USA consisted of 29 AN-R, 34 AN-BP and 16 BN. The Physical and Sexual Abuse Questionnaire was administered to all subjects. Minor sexual abuse such as confronting exhibitionism or being fondled by a stranger tended to be more prevalent among Japanese subjects, while victimization by rape or incest was more prevalent among USA subjects. Conversely, physical abuse history was similarly distributed across each diagnostic subgroup in both countries. Events related to physical abuse, such as an abusive family background, may contribute whether eating disorder patients are restricting or bulimic and regardless of culture. PMID:11442883

Nagata, T; Kaye, W H; Kiriike, N; Rao, R; McConaha, C; Plotnicov, K H

2001-08-01

435

Incidence of insulin-requiring diabetes in the US military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims\\/hypothesis  The aim of the study was to determine age- and race-related, and overall incidence rates of insulin-requiring diabetes in\\u000a adults in the US military.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Electronic records for admissions to US military and Tricare hospitals during 1990–2005 and visits to military clinics during\\u000a 2000–2005 were identified using the Career History Archival Medical and Personnel System at the Naval Health Research Center,

E. D. Gorham; E. Barrett-Connor; R. M. Highfill-McRoy; S. B. Mohr; C. F. Garland; F. C. Garland; C. Ricordi

2009-01-01

436

The Holocene history of the North American Monsoon: the opportunities and challenges of spatial and temporal variability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The North American Monsoon (NAM) is of fundamental importance to the climate of central and northern Mexico and the southwestern USA. In common with other monsoon climates, a relationship between monsoon strength and insolation forcing is to be expected, but it is evident that change in the dynamics and expression of the NAM over the Holocene, is more complex than this simple relationship might suggest. Today, although defined by the dominance of summer precipitation, the NAM region is marked by strong spatial variations in the relative importance of both precipitation source regions (Gulf of California/Pacific vs Gulf of Mexico/Atlantic) and seasonality. As a result, the impact of climatic forcings, such as the AMO, PDO and ENSO is markedly different across the NAM area, particularly in their effect on seasonal precipitation. On Holocene timescales, the influence of the residual Laurentide Ice sheet (LIS) and its meltwater, changes in SSTs and the changing balance between different modes of the climate system (especially the importance of ENSO-type variability), all need to be considered. By drawing together palaeoclimatic data from a wide range of proxies, both continental and marine, spatial patterns of change in the NAM can be reconstructed through the Holocene and considered in relation to climate model outputs. During the early Holocene, evidence for insolation-driven increased monsoon strength and more positive water balance was more muted than in other parts of the northern hemisphere tropics, presumably due to the continuing influence of the LIS. In the northern part of the NAM region, evidence suggests a more westerly limit (west of ~114oW) for the monsoon. By around 7500 cal yr BP, the modern geography of the NAM seems to have become established, with wetter than present conditions over most of the area. From the mid-Holocene, as the ITCZ moved equatorward, more complex spatial patterns of change in the palaeo-records indicate an increasing importance for winter precipitation in the northern part of the NAM region. The period between ~ 4000 and 3000 cal yr BP marks a particularly important stage in this reorganisation of NAM climatology, with ENSO-type variability becoming a key component in the northern NAM. The modern climatology of effectively northern and southern regions of the NAM seems to have become established at this time. Better understanding of the long term dynamics of the NAM therefore requires proxy records that can isolate seasonal signals and climate models of appropriate spatial and temporal scale; this is a major challenge to the palaeoclimate community.

Metcalfe, S. E.; Barron, J. A.; Davies, S. J.; Lozano Garcia, S.

2012-12-01

437

Late Pleistocene/Holocene paleoclimate reconstruction and eruptive history of Central American volcanoes from lake bottom sediments of Lake Nicaragua  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A shallow coring program in Lake Nicaragua was completed in May/June 2006 by the University of Texas (UT Department of Geography and UT Institute for Geophysics). A total of 35 sediment cores with lengths ranging between 12 cm and 100 cm along with five longer cores were extracted from the lake using a gravity corer and a modified manual square rod piston corer, respectively. Analyses of lake sediments have the following objectives: 1) to correlate the geophysical results with the core data to provide a stratigraphic framework for the shallow lake sediments; 2) to constrain past climate variability in this rather poorly investigated area; and 3) to establish a time series of explosive volcanic activity based on the identification and dating of tephra layers in the cores. Initial measurements of magnetic susceptibility, dry density, loss on ignition and XRF scanning indicated a dominance of fine-grained homogeneous diatomaceous sediments cover most of the lake floor. Increasing values in magnetic susceptibility in the upper part of several short cores most likely reflect increased erosion caused by land-use changes during the Spanish colonial period (1522-1822). Results on the two longest cores from the northeastern (355 cm) and southwestern (478 cm) parts of the lake reveal complete Holocene paleoclimate records in both areas that are comparable to other terrestrial and marine records in the Central and South- American tropics (i.e. Cariaco Basin). A lithologic change from homogeneous gyttia (diatomaceous mud) to blue- grayish waxy clay at the bottom of these records marks the Late Pleistocene-Holocene transition as indicated by a radiocarbon dating on plant remains. The latter dense clay forms a distinctive stratigraphic marker in the lake basin. Tephra layers to date were detected in most gravity cores recovered west of Ometepe Island (Volcan Concepcion), and in long records in the northeastern basin (San Antonio Tephra, Masaya volcano, ca. 7,400 interpolated cal yr BP) and nearby the Solentiname Archipelago (unknown eruption, Arenal volcano, Costa Rica; 8,810 +/- 25 cal yr BP). These layers allow independent dating and correlation of sediments.

Wulf, S.; Dull, R. A.; Mann, P.; McIntosh, K. D.; Gardner, J. E.

2007-12-01

438

American Way of Warfare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the past several decades, numerous authors have written on the subject of an American way of war. These include works by Russell Weigley, Max Boot, and Brian Linn. The apparent differences among these works have stimulated debate among military sch...

C. M. Nangle

2012-01-01

439

The role and rights of victims at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents:\\u000aThe American perspective on Nuremberg: a case of cascading ironies \\/ Raymond M Brown-- The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg: British perspectives \\/ David Cesarani-- The French perspective \\/ Herve? Ascensio-- The role of the Soviet Union in the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg \\/ Michael J Bazyler-- Das internationale milita?rtribunal von Nu?rnberg aus deutscher perspektive \\/ Albin Eser--

Sam Boris Garkawe

2006-01-01

440

Year of Values. Professional Military Values, are they Relevant to Today's Society.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study considers the question of professional military values--the code f standards by which American military leaders have traditionally patterned their professional lives and actions to determine if there is today a need to rethink and update the co...

W. E. Cramer

1986-01-01

441

The impact of stress on the life history strategies of African American adolescents: cognitions, genetic moderation, and the role of discrimination.  

PubMed

The impact of 3 different sources of stress--environmental, familial (e.g., low parental investment), and interpersonal (i.e., racial discrimination)--on the life history strategies (LHS) and associated cognitions of African American adolescents were examined over an 11-year period (5 waves, from age 10.5 to 21.5). Analyses indicated that each one of the sources of stress was associated with faster LHS cognitions (e.g., tolerance of deviance, willingness to engage in risky sex), which, in turn, predicted faster LHS behaviors (e.g., frequent sexual behavior). LHS, then, negatively predicted outcome (resilience) at age 21.5 (i.e., faster LHS ? less resilience). In addition, presence of the risk ("sensitivity") alleles of 2 monoamine-regulating genes, the serotonin transporter gene (5HTTLPR) and the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4), moderated the impact of perceived racial discrimination on LHS cognitions: Participants with more risk alleles (higher "sensitivity") reported faster LHS cognitions at age 18 and less resilience at age 21 if they had experienced higher amounts of discrimination and slower LHS and more resilience if they had experienced smaller amounts of discrimination. Implications for LHS theories are discussed. PMID:22251000

Gibbons, Frederick X; Roberts, Megan E; Gerrard, Meg; Li, Zhigang; Beach, Steven R H; Simons, Ronald L; Weng, Chih-Yuan; Philibert, Robert A

2012-05-01

442

"Journey to the Stars": Presenting What Stars Are to Global Planetarium Audiences by Blending Astrophysical Visualizations Into a Single Immersive Production at the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Journey to the Stars" is the latest and fourth space show based on storytelling from data visualization at the Rose Center for Earth and Space at the American Museum of Natural History. This twenty five minute, full dome movie production presents to planetarium audiences what the stars are, where they come from, how they vary in type and over time, and why they are important to life of Earth. Over forty scientists from around the world contributed their research to what is visualized into roughly fifteen major scenes. How this production is directed into a consolidated immersive informal science experience with learning goals is an integrative process with many inputs and concerns for scientific accuracy. The goal is a seamless merger of visualizations at varying spatial and temporal scales with acuity toward depth perception, revealing unseen phenomena, and the layering of concepts together to build an understanding of stars; to blend our common experience of them in the sky with the uncommon meaning we have come to know through science. Scripted by Louise Gikow who has worked for Children's Television Workshop, narrated by Whoopie Goldberg, and musically scored by Robert Miller, this production strives to guide audiences through challenging scientific concepts by complimenting the natural beauty the subject matter presents with understandable prose and musical grandeur. "Journey to the Stars" was produced in cooperation with NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Heliophysics Division and is in release at major planetariums, worldwide.

Emmart, Carter; Mac Low, M.; Oppenheimer, B. R.; Kinzler, R.; Paglione, T. A. D.; Abbott, B. P.

2010-01-01

443

Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Computerized Self-Administered Diet History Questionnaire for Use in Studies of American Indian and Alaskan Native People  

PubMed Central

Collection of dietary intake in epidemiologic studies involves using methods that are comprehensive yet appropriate for the population being studied. Here we describe a diet history questionnaire (DHQ) that was developed using an audio self-administered computer-assisted interview technique. The DHQ was developed for use in a cohort of American Indians and Alaskan Natives with tribal input and area-specific modules to incorporate local food availability. The DHQ includes 54 main food group questions, specific food items within the main food group, and food preparation and general eating practice questions. The questionnaire was programmed to be self-administered using a computer with a touch screen. The average time for the first 6,604 participants to complete the questionnaire was 36 minutes. Almost 100% of participants had complete DHQ data and the average number of food items selected was 70. The methods developed for collection of dietary data appear to be appropriate for the targeted population and may have usefulness for other populations where collecting dietary data in a self-administered format is desirable.

Slattery, Martha L.; Murtaugh, Maureen A.; Schumacher, Mary Catherine; Johnson, Jennifer; Edwards, Sandra; Edwards, Roger; Benson, Joan; Tom-Orme, Lillian; Lanier, Anne P.

2008-01-01

444

Comparative International Military Personnel Policies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report looks at the problems associated with the recruitment and employment of military personnel in Western industrialized society. It is particularly concerned with issues relating to the recruitment and retention within the military of homosexuals...

G. Harries-Jenkins

1998-01-01

445

Military Nurses Perceptions of Autonomy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military nurses sustain the health of deployed soldiers in a variety of contingencies. Autonomy is considered by nurses to affect both job satisfaction and the delivery of effective patient care. Previous studies showed that military nurses perceptions of...

D. M. Lyons

2002-01-01

446

Blogs and Military Information Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This article explores the possibility of incorporating blogs and blogging into military information strategy, primarily as a tool for influence. Towards that end, the authors examine the value of blogs as targets of and/or platforms for military influence...

D. E. Denning J. B. Kinniburgh

2006-01-01

447

Women in the Military Cockpit.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Historically women have demonstrated the capacity to be successful aviators. Recent participation of women in combat roles and in military aviation has, however, aroused controversy. The scientific literature pertinent to the role of women in military avi...

T. J. Lyons

1991-01-01

448

Military Retirement: Major Legislative Issues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military retirement system includes benefits for retirement after an active or reserve military career, disability retirement, and survivor benefits for eligible survivors of deceased retirees. The proposed change to the system that has generated the ...

R. L. Goldich

2004-01-01

449

History of Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of American physics, indicating that much effort has been on the atomic bond and high-energy physics, to the detriment of other topics and areas. To offset this tendency, significant research is going on in the history of solid-state physics, with glimmerings in the history of physics education. (JN)

Moyer, Albert E.

1985-01-01

450

A History Worth Preserving  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Manhattan Project transformed the course of American and world history, science, politics and society. If we can read about this in books and watch History Channel documentaries, why do we need to preserve some of the properties of this enormous undertaking? The presentation, ``A History Worth Preserving,'' will address why some of the physical properties need to be preserved

Cynthia Kelly

2008-01-01

451

Mainstreaming Military Compensation: Problems and Prospects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Changes to the military retirement system in the 1980's and attention by law makers, military leadership, and service members to pay comparability between the private sector and the military indicate that current military compensation policies may be inad...

D. J. MacDonald

1998-01-01

452

Private Military Industry: Economic Analysis, Uses & Considerations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Different customers in different ages have used private military members as part of their military operations. After the Cold War era, a new form of Private Military Industry emerged. Companies serving in both military support and offensive operations and...

E. Sokmen

2007-01-01

453

Agency Theory View of the Military Advisor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An understanding of civil-military relations provides insight for the military strategist into the interplay between politics and military art. A framework of how civilian leadership and the military relate in formulating national security objectives may ...

G. E. Petrina

2005-01-01

454

Nutrition research in the military.  

PubMed

Military research performed in an operational environment involves mission-specific considerations. The Institute of Naval Medicine was tasked in 2008 by the Surgeon General to investigate the nutritional status of deployed British military personnel, and how this might affect body composition, physical fitness and operational capability. This paper briefly describes the logistic and technical issues specific to military research that were encountered by the study team, how these issues were overcome and how this research has influenced military practice. PMID:24434764

Hill, Neil E; Fallowfield, J L; Delves, S K; Wilson, D R

2014-06-01

455

Movies and the Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Whether you call them 'movies' or 'films' is not important. What is important is that movies both reflect and have a strong impact on our society, thus they should not be taken lightly. The way a film depicts a military officer can have enormous impact on...

W. A. Greynolds

1972-01-01

456

PUTIN AND MILITARY REFORM  

Microsoft Academic Search

V ladimir Putin was faced with a military that was in a mess when he took over. Morale was at rock bottom, junior officers were leaving in droves, equipment and weapons were failing, soldiers were deserting, the draft was a joke, crime was on the rise, planes were crashing, and most important, Chechnya remained a major distraction. Putting the Russian

DALE R. HERSPRING

457

Military Space Robotics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Autonomous systems based on robotics will be essential for future U.S. military programs in space, and new emphasis and priorities for research and development of robotics technology should be adopted now to meet the needs of these programs. A plan of res...

D. R. Brown W. T. Park

1987-01-01

458

Failures in military aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

The severe operating conditions for components in military aircraft lead to a wide range of failure modes and introduce many factors which can influence those failures. As a result, the accident investigator or failure analyst may need to explore issues more widely than might be the case with systems operating in more benign or controlled environments. Complicating factors are the

Graham Clark

2005-01-01

459

To Protect a Free Society: Maintaining Excellence in the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A retired general reflects upon the distinctive traits of the American leader. The presence of the ROTC on many campuses ensures America of a military leadership that is varied in origin and perspective, widely representative, and broadly educated in the liberal values and traditions of society. (MLW)

Smith, Dewitt C., Jr.

1985-01-01

460

Military Times and Turning Points in Men's Lives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Observations of continuity and discontinuity over the life span have focused attention on the process involved, such as mechanisms by which unpromising beginnings lead to opportunity and fulfillment instead of to failure. Using archival data from the Berkeley Guidance Study, this investigation tests the general hypothesis that military service functioned as a turning point for some American veterans born in

Glen H. Elder

1986-01-01

461

Shouldering the Soldiering: Democracy, Conscription, and Military Casualties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the American death toll in Iraq surpassed 1,900, some international research scholars may have been perplexed. Only a few years ago, foreign policy makers in Western democracies, including the United States, were described as being extremely sensitive to the risk of military combat casualties. Among the factors that influence the number of…

Vasquez, Joseph Paul, III

2005-01-01

462

Russian Military's Role in Politics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the most crucial challenges that democratizing states face is that of redefining civil-military relations and transforming the military into a force loyal to the new democratic system. In order to prevent the military from becoming a threat, democr...

J. H. Brusstar E. Jones

1995-01-01

463

French military plans for Superphenix  

Microsoft Academic Search

France refuses to rule out military use of the plutonium produced by the planned breeder reactor Superphenix, although other nations, including the US, have contributed nuclear materials to it. US policy has been to separate military and civilian nuclear programs to set an example. France has not stated an intention to use Superphenix for military purposes, but is reserving the

Albright

1984-01-01

464

Asian American-Pacific American Relations: The Asian American Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the migration and settlement history of Asians into the United States and the interaction of the major Asian immigrants with each other and with American society. An important thesis is that, because the differences between Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are much greater than the similarities between them, they should no…

Chan, Sucheng

465

Verification of a Central American Peace Accord.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper discusses the background to, possible contexts of, and likely difficulties with an eventual Central American peace accord, particularly its verification. It begins with a brief analysis of the political, military and diplomatic background of the...

H. P. Klepak

1989-01-01

466

Space-based laser weapon: origin and evolution of the American research and development effort  

SciTech Connect

This study of the American space based laser weapon (SBLW) research and development (R and D) effort is an attempt to learn how such a weapon system comes into being, how many pursues and justifies such an arm. Particularly interesting is whether the driving force behind the SBLW program is political military as opposed to economic, bureaucratic, or technological. The dissertation consists of two successive chronological parts: both the ancient history of the SBLW, the weapon of light, and then the American SBLW R and D program, are examined to discover how the arm evolved, what its attractive features are and how it has been justified. Throughout, the historical evolution of the SBLW is presented, together with the justification statements embedded in it. The authors feels this study shows that the above political-military justification for the SBLW, as a counter to the Soviet threat, is the real, primary reason for, and the perceived threat the basis of, the American program. Economic, bureaucratic, or technological factors, although possibly contributory, do not well explain the developing SBLW. Instead, its current evolution and development can fundamentally be understood in political-military terms.

Fitzsimmons, J.P.

1986-01-01

467

Renewable energy technology handbook for military engineers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Renewable energy applications are introduced that are considered promising for military use in the 1980s. These are: solar hot water for buildings, active solar hot water and space heating for buildings, passive solar heating and cooling of buildings, solar industrial process heata, solar ponds, photovoltaic power for homes, photovoltaic power for remote applications, parabolic dish solar systems for remote applications, wind energy for buildings, wind energy for central power plants, wind energy for water pumping, biomass energy systems for buildings, biomass energy systems for central power plants, geothermal energy for process heat, and geothermal energy for central power plants. For each of these is given: a brief history of the technology and information on how the technology works; a detailed technical and economic profile of an operating system; and a summary listing of operating civilian and military systems that are open for public viewing.

1982-03-01

468

Military medical malpractice and "the right to sue".  

PubMed

The Feres doctrine bars tort claims against the government by military service members for injuries incident to their service. This prohibition extends to medical malpractice claims arising out of military health care. The latest legislative effort to overturn the Feres doctrine and allow military medical malpractice claims by service members was inspired by, and named for, a Marine whose death from melanoma may have been preventable through earlier diagnosis and referral. This article explores the genesis of the Feres rule, its 60-year history, and the arguments for and against its continued application. The article then assesses the military's experience under Feres in the context of the larger ethical debate over the social utility of malpractice liability as a tool for accountability and deterrence. PMID:22330661

Kels, Charles G

2012-01-01

469

Kentucky Military Treasures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded by the Kentucky Veterans Trust Fund and the Kentucky Historical Society Foundation, the Kentucky Military Treasures site profiles the stories and experiences of veterans from the 18th century all the way up to the current day. The stories bring together artifacts, primary documents, and photographs to help enrich these unique stories. First-time visitors should peruse the timeline to get a sense of the ways in which Kentuckians have contributed to military conflicts large and small across the globe. In the "Signature Stories" area, visitors can learn about Richard M. Johnson of Beargrass, Kentucky. He was known for his leadership at the Battle of the Thames in 1813, and his story his told through four artifacts, including a powder horn and a cannon from the period. The "Curator's Corner" features an introduction from director of the Kentucky Historical Society, Kent Whitworth, and other comments on flags and weapons from curators at the Society. [KMG

470

American Museum of Natural History  

MedlinePLUS

... Tour Highlights Tour Night At The Museum Tour Earth and Space Tour Exhibitions Current Exhibitions Pterosaurs: Flight ... Divisions Anthropology Invertebrate Zoology Paleontology Physical Sciences Astrophysics Earth and Planetary Sciences Vertebrate Zoology Herpetology Ichthyology Mammalogy ...

471

American History Brought to Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past twenty years, a major project for the author's eighth-grade art classes has been a group diorama with plaster figures. The group has to include two to four people participating in a sport or an occupation while showing some kind of action and interaction. Not too long ago, a couple of girls asked to depict the signing of the…

Teague, Joetta

2011-01-01

472

American Family Immigration History Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The site has been deluged since the moment it went live in 2001, and users may very likely find it difficult to access. Those lucky enough to get through will find a searchable database that contains records on the 22 million passengers and ship crew members who passed through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924. In addition to a basic passenger record (name, ethnicity, place of residence, age, marital status, ship of travel, etc.), users can also view a copy of the original ship manifest (a text version is also available), and even a picture of the ship travelled on! Free registration is required to use the database and a paid membership to use some of the other features at the site, such as creating a public scrapbook (these will be available for free viewing). Easy to use (I found my grandfather-in-law in just a few minutes), this site is an essential resource for genealogy research online, especially once its server capacity improves.

2001-01-01

473

Military display performance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

2012-05-01

474

The Bibliographic Databases in History.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The examination of abstracting-indexing services for the field of history focuses on Historical Abstracts (HA) and America--History and Life (AHL), and their relationship to the American Bibliographical Center's Subject Profile Index (ABC-SPIndex). The hi...

J. D. Falk

1979-01-01

475

U.S. Military/Security Assistance for Saudi Arabia Strategic Implications for the 1990s.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the 1950s the United States has had a strong Military/Security Assistance program with Saudi Arabia. This paper looks at the history of this program in some detail. Additionally, the paper looks at the dynamics of military balance among the nations ...

L. R. Mayes

1990-01-01

476

Military objectives in Soviet foreign policy  

SciTech Connect

The Soviet Union's military developments and the size of its armed forces strongly influence Western assumptions about Soviet foreign policy. The author shows how the need to plan for the contingency of world war has shaped Soviet policy, resulting in a force structure often perceived as far in excess of legitimate defense needs. In this book the motivations underlying Soviet policy are investigated as thoroughly as the military posture is examined. According to the author, a doctrinal decision in late 1966 about the likely nature of a world war resulted in a basic change in Soviet strategic objectives. Corresponding changes occurred in operational concepts, the approach to arms control, and policy in the third world. The necessary restructuring of Soviet forces took place during the 1970s and 1980s. This book identifies the old and new hierarchies of strategic objectives, analyzes the implications of the shift, and deduces the Soviet operational plan for waging world war, should it prove inescapable. This plan explains the structure of Soviet strategic forces and their military posture in Euro-Atlantic, Asian-Pacific, and Indo-Arabian regions. Decisions taken in the 1967-68 and 1976-77 periods explain much of current Soviet policy. However, Soviet-American relations sharply deteriorated between 1978 and 1983. The author also considers the kind of decisions that the Soviets may have taken in recent years in response to these developments.

McGwire, M.

1987-01-01

477

"Everywhere the Soldier Will Be": Wartime Tobacco Promotion in the US Military  

PubMed Central

Deployment of young Americans in military engagements places them at increased risk for not only war hazards but also tobacco addiction and disease. Tobacco use diminishes troop health and readiness, and increases medical and training costs. Military tobacco control efforts began in 1986, yet tobacco use remains high. To determine whether and how the tobacco industry targets military personnel in wartime, we analyzed internal industry documents about the Gulf War (1990–1991) and constructed a historical case study. During this conflict, tobacco companies targeted troops with free cigarettes, direct advertising, branded items, ways to communicate with family, and “welcome home” events. Military authorities sometimes restricted this activity, but frequently enabled it; tobacco companies were regarded as benefactors. Considering tobacco use a benefit undermines military health priorities. Stronger policy is needed to reframe tobacco use as incompatible with military ideals.

Malone, Ruth E.

2009-01-01

478

American Oyster  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Information on the anatomy and life history of the American or Atlantic oyster, Crassostrea virginica, also known in the Chesapeake Bay region as the native oyster. Access information on the oyster's background, habitat, life cycle, threats, and restoration efforts. Site links to external information including survey and stock assessment, oyster disease research, and oyster anatomy. Also access oyster publications, status and trends, and a wealth of data sets.

479

Prince William Forest Park: An Administrative History,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study is presented of the mosaic encompassing the original residents of the area, park administrators, military forces and Washington officials. An overview of the park's history detailing critical periods in the parks development is provided.

S. C. Strickland

1986-01-01

480

Senior Officer Oral History Program Project Handlist. [Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Senior Officer Oral History Program (SOOHP) is sponsored jointly by the U.S. Army War College and the U.S. Army Military History Institute, as an educational service. As of 1992, this program includes over 2,000 hours of taped interviews and 100,000 transcribed pages covering 900 military personalities and special topics. This document is a…

Army War Coll., Carlisle Barracks, PA.

481

Civil Wars in Britain, 1640-1646 Military Revolution on Campaign.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military organization of nation states and their employment of armies are central aspects of early modern European history. The seventeenth century was particularly a period of transformation that witnessed drastic change in armies preparation for and...

B. T. Gericke

2001-01-01

482

The Persian gulf war: A political?military assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Persian Gulf war might already be the most overanalyzed conflict in history. More ink than blood has been spilled before, during, and after the war, with the quest for “lessons?learned” flourishing into a veritable cottage industry. This essay, therefore, focuses on political and military issues that have been largely eclipsed by the more dazzling aspects of Desert Storm. In

Bard E. ONeill; Ilana Kass

1992-01-01

483

Let the People Speak. The Tennessee Indian Council: A History and Analysis of the Development of Native American Programs in Tennessee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1976, the Tennessee Indian Council has grown from an idea into an organization staffed by 24 native Americans in 3 offices, administering $500,000 a year, and providing educational, employment, housing, health, and cultural revitalization programs for 8,500 Native American residents of Tennessee. The situation in Tennessee is a microcosm of…

White, Michael

484

Growth of an American Invention: A Documentary History of the Junior and Community College Movement. Contributions to the Study of Education, Number 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected documents representing major stages and issues in the development of the American community college are presented in this compilation in a largely chronological format. First, an introductory essay traces the development of the American two-year college, looking at the social forces which led to the establishment of the first junior…

Diener, Thomas

485

Surgeon General's Family Health History Initiative  

MedlinePLUS

... Resources Text Size: A A A Surgeon General's Family Health History Initiative Health care professionals have known ... learn more about their family health history. My Family Health Portrait Tool Americans know that family history ...

486

[Clinical military hospital in 1892].  

PubMed

The article is devoted to the circumstances of visit of Alexander III to Clinical hospital of Military-Medical Academy in 1892. It is detailed about the situation in hospital: direct care, instruction and economic aspects. Representations of imperial authority in Russia in XIX century with respect to military-medical institutions are characterized. "Episode 3Match 1892" is important for Military-Medical Academy because in that day the put on hold reconstruction got a crucial impulse. PMID:23808205

Poddubny?, M V

2013-02-01

487

A History of History: The Origins of War Re-enacting in America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Americans remember history in many different ways. The Historical Re-enactment is the most controversial and bewildering event of public remembrance. Americans re-enact every war in American history from the French and Indian War down to the Vietnam War. My research set out to answer several questions about this custom of public history: why does it exist, what purpose does it

Colleen Marquis

2010-01-01

488

Burns and military clothing.  

PubMed

Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under high heat loads in the laboratory, combat clothing can ignite, but there is little evidence that clothing ignition is a common occurrence in military burn casualties. Thermoplastic materials have many benefits in civil and military clothing. There is little objective evidence that they exacerbate burns, or complicate burn management. Their use in military clothing must be based on objective evidence, not hearsay. PMID:11307683

McLean, A D

2001-02-01

489

Putting teachers-to-be in the field and the lab: Hands-on research at the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) is halfway through a pilot program designed to prepare Earth Science teachers for grades 7-12 in high-needs schools in New York. The program was implemented to address a critical shortage of qualified Earth Science teachers throughout the state as well as to reach student populations that traditionally have limited science exposure and hands-on learning opportunities. This Master of Arts in Teaching is unique amongst teacher preparation programs, not only in that it is housed at a world-class research museum and places the teacher candidates in a year-long teaching residency, but also in that it accepts only students with a strong background in Earth Science via a degree in geology, meteorology, oceanography, astronomy, or a related discipline. Following a year of graduate courses in science and pedagogy, as well as teaching residencies, and only months before embarking on teaching career, candidates begin a seven-week science practicum. This exercise combines field and lab work under the tutelage of AMNH science curators and postdoctoral research fellows to provide experience with the scientific process, from field work and data collection to interpretation and public presentation of results. In the science practicum, teaching candidates begin by selecting one of four topics on which to focus their research: astrophysics, experimental petrology, mineralogy, or paleontology. An introduction to lab materials, techniques, and instrumentation is followed by two weeks in the field, both upstate and in New York City, where rocks of all types are encountered and discussed. Nights are devoted to astronomical observing and data collection to supplement the geology-oriented daytime sessions. Following the trips, candidates are back at AMNH analyzing data and samples in preparation for a short, scientific-style manuscript and presentation of results in an AGU-style talk. Three research groups have already discovered potentially publishable results from candidate-oriented lab work. Here we report on the practicum experiences of the first cohort of teacher candidates. Teacher preparation programs such as this will be increasingly valuable in coming years as a result of the recently released national Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). These new standards shift emphasis from students memorizing scientific content to understanding the practice of science. While NGSS have not yet been adopted in New York State, they likely will be in the near future, making this program at AMNH highly relevant to the current state of science education in the United States.

Nadeau, P. A.; Ebel, D. S.; Harlow, G. E.; Landman, N. H.; Pagnotta, A.; Sessa, J.; Shara, M.; Ustunisik, G. K.; Webster, J. D.; Blair, D.; Shumer, M.

2013-12-01

490

77 FR 30238 - Living History Flight Experience (LHFE)-Exemptions for Passenger Carrying Operations Conducted...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FAA-2012-0374 ] Living History Flight Experience (LHFE)--Exemptions...preserving United States (U.S.) aviation history, including former military aircraft transferred...established through its mid-1990s Living History Flight Experience (LHFE) policy...

2012-05-22

491

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 86 - Criteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Criteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification B...PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS ON INDIVIDUALS IN CHILD...B to Part 86âCriteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification...

2013-07-01

492

Native Americans in Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity will help you learn about some of the early Native American inhabitants of Utah. Look at the following websites and see if you can find some information about one of the following groups of Native Americans in Utah. History of Utah Tribes Goshute Goshute Indians Utah History To Go: Goshute Indians Goshute Indian Reservation Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Navajo People of the Colorado Plateau: Navajo (Dine) History of the Navajo Indians of Utah Navajo Navajo Indians Paiute Paiute Indians of Utah Paiute Native American Desert Peoples: The Paiute People Paiute Indians of Utah Utah History To Go--Piaute Indians Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes Shoshone Shoshone History of the Shoshone Indians Shoshoni Lewis and Clark: Native Americans--Shoshone Indians Ute Utah History To Go: Ute Indians People of the Colorado Plateau: The Ute Indians Story of the Ute Tribe Northern Ute Indian History Utah History To Go: The Utes, Paiutes, and Goshutes ...

Bates, Albion M.

2006-10-10

493

Recruits' Military Preferences and Their Accommodation by the Military Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research report provides information on recruits' military occupational preferences, match of military assignments to recruits' preferences, and changes that occur in these preferences between service entry and completion of basic training. Questionnaires were administered to recruits from four services just before classification interviewing…

Hoehn, Arthur J.; And Others

494

Military sexual trauma.  

PubMed

Nurses' awareness of MST as a specific type of sexual assault within the military culture and sensitivity to the physical and psychological symptoms are important aspects of care. Nurses must treat the physical and emotional components of sexual assault in all settings; however, referral to the veterans administration programs and resources is key for the woman veteran to receive the specialized care developed by the healthcare system. Women veterans who have PTSD from MST and combat exposure are prone to depression, suicide and substance use/abuse. Nurses must not fear asking the woman if she is having suicidal thoughts or has a plan and intent to follow through with the plan. MST and PTSD may result in internalized anger, shame, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness and powerlessness. Patient safety is of utmost importance. Assessing Patients for Sexual Violence, A Guide for Health Care Providers (2009) is a useful resource for nurses. The National Center for PTSD (2009) newsletter on the topic of MST includes a list of research studies. The work of Benedict (2007) and Corbett (2007) provide additional personal accounts of women soldiers who were in the Middle East conflicts. The nurse's referral to specialized services to treat MST and PTSD with evidence-based therapies is a crucial first step in the resiliency and well-being of these brave women who have served in all branches of the U.S. military. PMID:22359967

Wieland, Diane M; Haley, Jenna L; Bouder, Michelle

2011-12-01

495

History of Higher Education, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual compilation offers six articles on the history of higher education. In the first article, "The Historical Matrix of American Higher Education," Roger L. Geiger provides an overview of the history of American higher education. Following it, E. D. Duryea, Jurgen Herbst, and W. Bruce Leslie comment on his hypothesis which identifies eight…

History of Higher Education, 1992

1992-01-01

496

Celebration Time: Black History Month  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nowadays, more students, teachers, and librarians are aware of African-American History Month and try to give it greater attention. However, the author questions herself if people do really "celebrate" African-American History Month or is it just something folks feel obligated to do, so they "celebrate" by displaying a collection of books about…

Pinkney, Andrea Davis

2008-01-01

497

Factors influencing dental utilization by U.S. military recruits.  

PubMed

This study identifies factors that influence dental utilization by U.S. military recruits prior to entering military service. Data were collected between February and June 1994 at one recruit in-processing site per service using self-administered questionnaires. A prestratified, systematic, random sample of 2,711 Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marine recruits was drawn. Women and minorities were oversampled. Using logistic regression to determine what factors contribute to the likelihood of recruits having seen a dentist over the past year reveals that the likelihood is greater for females, singles, Air Force personnel, Native Americans, and the better educated; the likelihood is less for recruits who are black, above 19 years old, from the Midwest, Southwest, or Pacific regions of the U.S., and who perceive a need for dental care. Education is the strongest predictor of dental utilization prior to entering military service. PMID:8990833

Chisick, M C; Poindexter, F R; York, A K

1996-12-01

498

Native American Tribal Websites.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists Web sites maintained by 38 different Native American nations that deal with topics ranging from tribal history, news, arts and crafts, tourism, entertainment, and commerce. Represented nations include Apache, Blackfeet, Creek, Iroquois, Mohegan, and Sioux. (CMK)

Miller, Eric L.

1999-01-01

499

Professionalism and American Librarianship.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper traces a brief history of the development of American librarianship as a profession and examines the social climate from which it emerged. Several traditional and modern models of professionalism are discussed and applied to librarianship. Shor...

L. R. Oberg

1980-01-01

500

Teaching and Writing History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses new approaches to teaching history through publishers' series devoted to case studies on social problems, balanced presentation of the contributions of minorities including women, documentary sources, or different viewpoints, all instead of the traditional predigested, summarized history texts. Address delivered at American Association…

Meltzer, Milton

1970-01-01