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1

The Military History of the American Revolution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The highly selective bibliography was prepared for use at the Sixth Military History Symposium on 'The Military History of the American Revolution,' held at the United States Air Force Academy 10-11 October 1974. Selections have been made primarily for th...

1974-01-01

2

Why Military History?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in military history is as strong as it has ever been--except on American college campuses. Lt. Gen. Josiah Bunting III examines why today's undergraduates need to study the facts of war, and why knowing its causes and consequences remain a vital part of our common knowledge.

Bunting, Josiah, III

2008-01-01

3

Jewish Culture and the American Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study explores the Jewish experience within the American military. The history of military service by persons of the Jewish faith corresponds roughly to that of persons from many other ethnic or religious groups: military service has been a patriotic...

A. M. Goldberg

2006-01-01

4

The American Military and the Far East.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This highly selective bibliography was prepared for use at the Ninth Military History Symposium on 'The American Military and the Far East' held at the United States Air Force Academy, 1-3 October 1980. The resources cited were selected to try and show ba...

M. A. Robinson

1980-01-01

5

Manuscript Holdings of the Military History Research Collection.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Army Military History Research Collection has a large and rapidly expanding manuscript collection. It covers the entire range of American military history from colonial times to the present. The Civil War, the Indian Wars, the Spanish-American Wa...

R. J. Sommers

1972-01-01

6

Military History, 1776-1782.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is given of the military action which took place in Georgia during the American Revolution, specifically the years 1776-1782. The pamphlet, one in a series about the American Revolution in Georgia, can be used for junior or senior high school students as supplementary reading or as a brief unit. A teacher's guide is included. Georgia…

Gurr, G. Stephen

7

Reexamining some management lessons from military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

2009-01-01

8

Counterinsurgency: An American Political and Military Weakness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current American capability in counterinsurgency is analyzed by comparing past and present U.S. policy and military preparedness to operate within the revolutionary warfare environment. A comparison of U.S. policy and military capabilities is made concern...

D. P. Schattle

1991-01-01

9

Vignettes of Military History. Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication, 'Vignettes of Military History,' is the compendium of a series of individual papers started in 1974, which were published by the staff of the Military History Research Collection. The intent of the series is to show brief glimpses of the...

R. J. Sommers

1976-01-01

10

Preaching in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume of twenty essary by nineteen authors attempts to describe the message, issues, and impact of American preaching as it has interacted with history and shaped American churches and society. The twenty topics, treated by individuals with advanced degrees in theology or speech, are: the role of preaching in American history; Puritan…

Holland, DeWitte, Ed.

11

Vietnam military service history and prostate cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Three decades after US and Australian forces withdrew from Vietnam, there has been much public interest in the health consequences of service in Vietnam. One controversial question is whether the risk of prostate cancer amongst Vietnam veterans is increased. This paper examines relationships between military history, family history and risk of prostate cancer in a population-based case control study.

Justine Leavy; Gina Ambrosini; Lin Fritschi

2006-01-01

12

Singing American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how to use music when teaching U.S. History. Provides examples such as teaching about the Civil War, the Great Depression, and the Vietnam War and showing the contributions of African Americans. Includes a discography. (CMK)|

Nielsen, Fred

2001-01-01

13

The American Military and the Western Idea  

Microsoft Academic Search

American military leaders have a wide array of responsi- bilities that, at times, may seem difficult to reconcile. They are expected to win wars, to secure America's place in the world arena, and to fulfill their moral responsibilities to their soldiers, fellow officers, and the American public. I am going to argue that the continued success of the United States

Maj Thomas; J. Begines

14

French Thought and the American Military Mind:A History of French Influence on the American Way of War from 1814 through 1941  

Microsoft Academic Search

The French Revolution had a tremendous impact on the social, political, and cultural development of the western world. Similarly, it had a revolutionary impact on warfare in both Europe and the United States. Although the U.S. had a distinctly British military tradition through the War of 1812, in the span of a single year, the U.S. Army adopted the French

Michael Andrew Bonura

2008-01-01

15

USSR Report, Military Affairs Military History Journal No. 7, July 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Military History Journal, Soviet Military Art in the Great Patriotic War, Party Political Work, Military Leaders and Chiefs, Mastery and Heroism, Memoirs, Local Wars, Scientific Papers and Information, Criticism and Bibliography.

1984-01-01

16

Military Contractors & the American Way of War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contractors are deeply intertwined with the American military and U.S. foreign policy. Over half of the personnel the United States has deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan since 2003 have been con- tractors. Their relationship with the U.S. government, the public, and domestic and international law differs from that of military personnel, and these differences pose both bene˝ts and risks. America's

Deborah D. Avant; Renée de Nevers

2011-01-01

17

The use and abuse of military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this lecture of 1961, Michael Howard assesses the uses and abuses of the study of military history from the perspectives of both the academic historian and the practising soldier. While acknowledging past tendencies to mythogise national achievements out of often misguided notions of patriotism, as well as difficulties involving evidence, he argues that the benefits to soldier and civilian

Michael Howard CBE Dlitt FBA FRHS

1993-01-01

18

American Military Ethics: Stalwart in a Changing Society.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph explores the American media's influence on ethical military policy and attempts to understand the complex relationship between the United States' military, the American media, and U.S. policy makers in the context of a changing society. The...

J. R. Meyer

2011-01-01

19

Civilian Control and the American Military: Myths and Realities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines civilian control of the American military. It shows that a phobia about losing civilian control of the military establishment has been caused by the misinterpretation of two historical experiences, namely: the American experience of c...

J. B. Hamilton

1987-01-01

20

American History Picture Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In class we read Katie's Picture Show, a book about a girl who discovers art first-hand one day at an art museum in London. She realizes she can climb into the paintings, explore her surroundings, and even solve problems for the subjects of the paintings. As part of our unit on American history, we are going to use art to further learn about some of the important events we have been discussing. Each of these works of art depicts an important event in American History. When you click on a picture, you will be able to see the name of the event as well as the artist who created it. You will be using all three pictures for this assignment.Use the websites ...

Bennion, Ms.

2009-11-23

21

Recognition of Military Advertising Slogans Among American Youth.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The military Services rely on two primary recruiting tools to reach American youth and attract them into the U.S. Armed Forces. One is the military recruiters themselves; the other is military advertising. The objective of military advertising is to creat...

W. Hintze J. Lehnus

1999-01-01

22

History and Significance of Military Packaging.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work deals with the logistics doctrine of military packaging. Military packaging came about because military planners overlooked the need to protect materiel from the storage and transportation stresses first encountered during World War II. These ex...

J. C. Maloney

1996-01-01

23

Classics of American Colonial History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by Dinsmore Documentation, Classics of American Colonial History is a research database consisting of scholarly books and articles on American colonial history that, according to the creators, "appear to be of continuing interest." The collection currently offers 22 source materials by 15 different authors. Browseable by author or subject, the collection contains subject categories including Administration, African Americans and Slavery, Economics and Trade, Immigration from Europe, Law, Native Americans, Politics, Religion, and Wars.

24

The Zoot Suit Riots: Exploring Social Issues in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Zoot Suit Riots provide students with a case study of social unrest in American history. The influx of Latinos into the Los Angeles area prior to World War II created high levels of social unrest between Mexican Americans, military servicemen, and local residences. With large numbers of soldiers stationed in the area during the Second World…

Chiodo, John J.

2013-01-01

25

Administrative History: Gettysburg National Military Park and National Cemetary, Pennsylvania.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The administrative history has been prepared to satisfy in part the research needs as stated in the task directive concerning Gettysburg National Military Park and Gettysburg National Cemetery, Administrative History under MARO Package No. 250. The purpos...

H. D. Unrau

1991-01-01

26

Natural History of Mitral Valve Prolapse in Military Aircrew  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a common cardiac abnormality whose natural history differs among various patient populations. High-performance flight is associated with exposure to varying acceleration forces and strenuous isometric physical activity. The effect of the military flying environment on the natural history and progression of MVP is poorly defined. Methods: We evaluated a cohort which included all military

Ori Wand; Alex Prokupetz; Alon Grossman; Amit Assa

2011-01-01

27

History of American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"History of American Higher Education" documents the fascinating evolution of American colleges and universities, touching on the historical events that shaped them, from the colonial era through the early twenty-first century. Throughout history, higher education has played an important role in the transmission of cultural identity from one…

McCarthy, Margaret Cain

2011-01-01

28

Vietnamese Americans: Lessons in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching Tolerance is pleased to announce a new partnership with the Orange County Asian and Pacific Islander Community Alliance in the online release of its interdisciplinary curriculum, "Vietnamese Americans: Lessons in American History." The curriculum guide-- complete with timelines, maps and primary sources--offers eight lesson plans,…

Teaching Tolerance, 2004

2004-01-01

29

History of American Photography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photography-as a commercial, popular, and artistic medium-has played a role in Americans' perception of their world; it has both expressed and channeled social change. In photographs, Americans discovered themselves in unpredictable and surprising ways, connected with different periods and social contexts as well as new technologies. Photography cannot be understood as a tirneline of formal styles and schools; instead one

Marjorie L McLellan

2001-01-01

30

American Educational History Journal, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 2001 annual publication contains 31 articles on topics germane to the history of education. Each year, this journal publishes papers presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest History of Education Society. After the "Introduction" (R. J. Taggart) articles in this year's issue are: "Origins of the American Federation of Teachers: Issues…

Watras, Joseph, Ed.

2001-01-01

31

The Bicentennial American History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to supplement secondary United States history courses, this resource booklet provides materials on four dramatic incidents in American history. The four events under examination include the Boston Massacre, the Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt, the Republic Steel Strike of 1937, and the Berlin Airlift of 1948. Each unit contains social…

Brown, William; And Others

32

Museum of American Financial History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded by securities dealer John Herzog in 1988, the Museum of American Financial History aims to collect and preserve US historical financial artifacts that bring "the nation's financial history alive." Students, policy makers, media professionals, and the general public will enjoy selected articles from the quarterly publication Financial History in addition to online exhibits like Financing the Civil War, a historical narrative complete with images of obsolete banknote and securities issued by the North and South.

33

Military Drill in the Service of American Hegemony over Hawaii  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently, there has been an interest in investigating who have historically served in the American military, particularly during periods of war. These studies report that men from lower socio-economic groups tend to be over represented in military service, especially after voluntary service replaced the draft during the 1970s. Much work remains…

Beyer, C. Kalani

2009-01-01

34

The Military in Latin American Sociopolitical Evolution: Four Case Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The political role of the Latin American military is analyzed in four case studies--Argentina, Peru, Colombia, and Mexico. Data came from printed sources and informal interviews. The research method relies on objective description of the phenomenon and re...

A. P. Maingot L. N. McAlister R. A. Potash

1970-01-01

35

American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is written in response to numerous requests for war casualty statistics and lists of war dead. It provides tables, compiled by sources at the Department of Defense, indicating the number of casualties among American military personnel serving ...

H. Fischer

2005-01-01

36

[Adult male circumcision for military men: history and future].  

PubMed

Adult male circumcision (MC) has been shown to reduce the transmission of HPV, HSV, and HIV significantly during vaginal intercourse. However, the benefits of adult MC for men in military service have been poorly documented. Soldiers in war time have additional challenges in maintaining good penile hygiene, rendering uncircumcised men vulnerable to inflammation and infection; these maladies not only negatively impact these individuals, but also undermine the overall military strength. Adult MC can provide some long-term benefits for these military service men. Many African countries have already taken a special interest in adult MC for their military forces, resulting in increased numbers of these surgeries among this special population of men. In this review, we discuss the history of adult MC in the military along with the current trends and economic significance. PMID:20608349

Li, Philip Shihua; Lü, Nian-Qing; Masson, Puneet; Huang, Yu-Feng; Sun, Ying-Hao

2010-06-01

37

History of American Education Primer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book depicts the evolution of American educational history from 1630 to the present. The book highlights how ideological managers have shaped society and, because schools mirror society, have thus had a profound impact on education and schooling. Five common areas of study - philosophy, politics, economics, social sciences, and religion -…

Boers, David

2007-01-01

38

Surgeons reconsidered: military medical men of the American revolution.  

PubMed

This paper assesses the reputation of British military medical staff in the 18th century, focusing on the character and professionalism of regimental surgeons and mates who served at the time of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Examining the careers and contributions of men such as Thomas Dickson Reide, Robert Jackson, and Robert Hamilton reveals that--in contrast to charges of ineptitude, laziness and dishonesty among military surgeons--the British army could count on a cadre of military medical men who were devoted both to their patients and to the advancement of their profession. PMID:21465843

Marshall, Tabitha

2010-01-01

39

Images of American Political History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recent addition to the Teaching Politics site (reviewed in the September 8, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences) offers some 500 public domain images related to American political history from the colonial era to the present. Users can search the collection by keyword or browse by era or one of four special topics. Images are offered as large thumbnails with brief captions. As they are not copyrighted, teachers and other users are free to download the images for classroom or other use.

40

Military Capabilities and American Foreign Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can the availability of a rapid response capability lead the United States to intervene militarily in situations where, without those ready forces, the U.S. government would decide that military intervention was not required? Secretary of Defense McNamara said no; Senator Richard Russell said yes. After examining the basic approaches to weapons selection that led McNamara and Russell to opposite conclusions,

Graham T. Allison

1973-01-01

41

American Military Advisor: Dealing with Senior Foreign Officials in the Islamic World.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The book entitled 'The American Military Advisor: Dealing with Senior Foreign Officials in the Islamic World' is a comprehensive guide for American military officers assigned as advisors to regional officials in places very different from the United State...

M. J. Metrinko

2008-01-01

42

African American Women in the U.S. Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a comparison of black women with women of different racial and ethnic backgrounds and black men in the U.S. military. Developmental analysis is used to examine historical trends and to hypothesize about the future of black women on active duty. Although there is considerable scholarly literature on minorities (particularly African-American men) and women in the armed forces,

Brenda L. Moore

1991-01-01

43

God in American Literary History: Changing Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

American literary history was transformed in the 1980s by the application of critical theory, which called into question the terms American, literary, and history from a secular, historicist perspective. What are the implications if this secular perspective for students with religious beliefs? In order for students to fully understand and appreciate American literature and be prepared to confront a world

Stephen L. Tanner; Ralph A. Britsch

44

Teachers' Guide to American Negro History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book seeks to place the Negro in appropriate places in the American history curriculum, unit by unit of study. Its main categories are those of typical American history courses bought in secondary schools, and not those of "Negro history"; its purpose is to offer a framework for the full-scale integration of Negro contributions into the…

Katz, William Loren

45

History of American Education Web Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Professor Robert N. Barger at Notre Dame, this site offers an online history of American education from the Puritans to the present. Separate sections focus on European Influences on American Educational History, the Colonial Period of American Education, the Early National Period of American Education (ca. 1776-1840), the Common School Period of American Education (ca. 1840-1880), the Progressive Period of American Education, and the Modern Period of American Education (ca. 1920-present). Each section offers brief scholarly essays on relevant topics as well as images and texts from the period discussed.

46

Teaching American History with Science Fiction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Activities using science fiction literature to teach American History topics such as future shock, economics, urbanization, minority studies, politics, international relations, and contemporary America are suggested. (JR)|

Hollister, Bernard C.

1975-01-01

47

Teaching American History in a Global Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This comprehensive resource is an invaluable aid for adding a global dimension to students' understanding of American history. It includes a wide range of materials from scholarly articles and reports to original syllabi and ready-to-use lesson plans to guide teachers in enlarging the frame of introductory American history courses to an…

Guarneri; Carl, Ed.; Davis, James, Ed.

2008-01-01

48

Jews in American History: A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication contains discussion questions, student activities, and lists of resource materials which a teacher can use to include American Jewish history in secondary United States history courses. The book concentrates on those aspects of Jewish history which offer material with which to illuminate many important general themes and…

Ruderman, Jerome

49

Black History: It's More than American.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A museum director makes a case for the positive relationship between African-American awareness and self-esteem. Ways in which history should be taught to enhance students' knowledge, self-awareness, and pride are suggested. (CB)|

Clapp, Betty

1988-01-01

50

Native American History, ca. 1450-1900  

Microsoft Academic Search

(Note: The official, up-to-date syllabus for this course is online at http:\\/\\/www.oberlin.edu\\/history\\/GJK\\/H325F06\\/.) This course approaches Native American experience from a sympathetic yet unromantic cultural perspective. We begin with the premise that Native Americans were active agents in producing their history both before and after the European invasion of North America--not just victims of white oppression and\\/or abstract social forces. Topics

Gary J. Kornblith

2006-01-01

51

Social Studies; Grade 11: American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This syllabus, revised in 1967, presents a thematic approach to history instruction with emphasis on concept development and relevant understandings. Five major topics focus on these areas: (1) American People (Immigration and Reaction to Immigrants, American Culture Patterns, Population, Civil Rights; (2) Government and Politics (Constitutional…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

52

The Two Faces of American Power: Military and Political Communication during the Cuban Missile Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The mismatches between political discourse and military momentum in the American handling of the Cuban missile crisis are explained by using the model of the potential autopoiesis of subsystems. Under wartime conditions, the codes of political and military communications can increasingly be differentiated. Design\\/methodology\\/approach: The model of a further differentiation between political and military power is developed on the

Michael Deinema; Loet Leydesdorff

2009-01-01

53

How American History Textbooks View the Caribbean.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines: (1) the extent to which recently published textbooks used in United States history survey courses reflect a revised view of the historical relationship between the Caribbean region and the United States; and (2) whether recent shifts in research emphases and methodological expansions in the field of American history have…

Shapiro, Victor W.

54

The Causes of the American Revolution. SSEC American History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is part of a series of units in United States history. It is designed for teachers to use in teaching colonial history and the American Revolution in greater depth than that provided in many textbooks. The unit contains 16 chapters, the first of which explains the unit's focus on four kinds of questions of interest to historians.…

Ladenburg, Thomas

55

Americans' Knowledge of U.S. Military Deaths in Iraq, April 2004 to April 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

Americans allegedly have an aversion to battle-related military casualties. Their estimates of military deaths may have influenced support for past U.S. military efforts. But what affects accurate estimates of military deaths in wartime? We review the accuracy of estimates for Iraq and three twentieth-century conflicts, finding that the public's estimates were more likely to be on target for Iraq. Then

Stephen Earl Bennett; Richard S. Flickinger

2009-01-01

56

American Public Support for US Military Operations from Mogadishu to Baghdad.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The support of the American public is widely held to be a critical prerequisite for understanding military action abroad. As shown in this report, however, the absence of support for military operations from a majority of Americans has not hindered presid...

B. Savych E. V. Larson

2005-01-01

57

Military Alliances and Coalitions: Going to War without France.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines American involvement in military alliances and coalitions. The research focuses on how history, foreign policy decisions, defense spending, and key allies have created and shaped the American military instrument of national power and m...

J. V. Zavarelli

2008-01-01

58

Reconstructing Native American population history.  

PubMed

The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred by means of a single migration or multiple streams of migration from Siberia. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly understood. To address these questions at a higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups genotyped at 364,470 single nucleotide polymorphisms. Here we show that Native Americans descend from at least three streams of Asian gene flow. Most descend entirely from a single ancestral population that we call 'First American'. However, speakers of Eskimo-Aleut languages from the Arctic inherit almost half their ancestry from a second stream of Asian gene flow, and the Na-Dene-speaking Chipewyan from Canada inherit roughly one-tenth of their ancestry from a third stream. We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. A major exception is in Chibchan speakers on both sides of the Panama isthmus, who have ancestry from both North and South America. PMID:22801491

Reich, David; Patterson, Nick; Campbell, Desmond; Tandon, Arti; Mazieres, Stéphane; Ray, Nicolas; Parra, Maria V; Rojas, Winston; Duque, Constanza; Mesa, Natalia; García, Luis F; Triana, Omar; Blair, Silvia; Maestre, Amanda; Dib, Juan C; Bravi, Claudio M; Bailliet, Graciela; Corach, Daniel; Hünemeier, Tábita; Bortolini, Maria Cátira; Salzano, Francisco M; Petzl-Erler, María Luiza; Acuńa-Alonzo, Victor; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Tusié-Luna, Teresa; Riba, Laura; Rodríguez-Cruz, Maricela; Lopez-Alarcón, Mardia; Coral-Vazquez, Ramón; Canto-Cetina, Thelma; Silva-Zolezzi, Irma; Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos; Contreras, Alejandra V; Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo; Gómez-Vázquez, Maria José; Molina, Julio; Carracedo, Angel; Salas, Antonio; Gallo, Carla; Poletti, Giovanni; Witonsky, David B; Alkorta-Aranburu, Gorka; Sukernik, Rem I; Osipova, Ludmila; Fedorova, Sardana A; Vasquez, René; Villena, Mercedes; Moreau, Claudia; Barrantes, Ramiro; Pauls, David; Excoffier, Laurent; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rothhammer, Francisco; Dugoujon, Jean-Michel; Larrouy, Georges; Klitz, William; Labuda, Damian; Kidd, Judith; Kidd, Kenneth; Di Rienzo, Anna; Freimer, Nelson B; Price, Alkes L; Ruiz-Linares, Andrés

2012-08-16

59

Rewriting Latin American Literary History  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paper presented at the conference 'Literary Histories and the Development of Identities' sponsored by the Social Sciences\\u000a and Humanities Research Council of Canada involving members of the I.C.L.A. Coordinating Committee at Queen's University,\\u000a Canada, in the Fall of 2001.

Eduardo de Faria Coutinho

2003-01-01

60

A review of recent American military space operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States (US) Department of Defense (DOD) has launched a large number of satellites into Earth orbit during the past five and a half years. These range from highly classified signals intelligence and imaging satellites to more mundane scientific and experimental microsats. This period saw a dramatic overhaul in operations due to the Challenger and other launch disasters. Many of these resources were used during the war in the Persian Gulf, which highlighted some of the limitations of current systems. A significant amount of new information has emerged in recent years due to the changing political situation, leading to this general overview of American military satellite programs during this period using unclassified and declassified sources as well as informed specculation. It is primarily a review of space operations and technical developments rather than the policy and doctrine that drives them.

Day, Dwayne A.

1993-12-01

61

Native American History, ca. 1450-1900  

Microsoft Academic Search

(The official, up-to-date syllabus for this course is online at http:\\/\\/www.oberlin.edu\\/faculty\\/gkornbl\\/H325F09\\/.) This course approaches Native American experience from a sympathetic yet unromantic cultural perspective. We begin with the premise that Native Americans were active agents in producing their history both before and after the European invasion of North America--not just victims of white oppression and\\/or abstract social forces. Topics include

Gary J. Kornblith

2009-01-01

62

A Literary History of the American West  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Western Literature Association, Texas Christian University Press posts the complete text of A Literary History of the American West -- a 1,300+-page compendium of scholarly articles on the literature of the American West and Midwest. The volume is divided into three sections discussing the encounter with the frontier, the settlement of the West, and the "re-discovery" of the West in terms of its ethnic peoples and identifications. Though published in 1987 and no longer in print, this online text still serves as a valuable critical resource in literary regional history. Articles are available for individual download in both HTML and .pdf formats.

63

Guoqi Xu - The Great War and China's Military Expedition Plan - The Journal of Military History 72:1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the long-ignored issue of China's plan to send military expeditionary forces to Europe during the First World War. Based on sources from Germany, France, the United Kingdom, the United States, and China, the article uses an international history approach to address the following questions: why China was interested in the war, why China tried so hard to

Xu Guoqi

2008-01-01

64

Situational or Personal: Interest in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main purpose of the study was to investigate how individuals with a stated interest in American history described their interest. Understanding interest and the factors influencing interest development in a particular content is important as personal interest has been described as "having a critical role in the learning and development of…

Stewart, Victoria Caterina

2010-01-01

65

History of African Americans to 1865  

Microsoft Academic Search

his course examines the history of African Americans from the origins of slavery in America through the death of slavery during the Civil War. How could anyone (let alone the Founding Fathers) have traded human beings as chattel? How did African-descended people in America come to be both part of and yet perpetually marginalized in America? What does this say

Patrick Rael

66

History through Art: A Native American Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the purpose of this study we will examine why studying art and artifacts is an important m anner in which to study history. The focus of art and artifacts will on Native Americans. We will observe why items of art and artifacts are keys to studying the past and why they are important when it comes to studying the

Melissa M. Rood

2011-01-01

67

The Newspaper in the American History Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This teacher guide contains 14 sample lesson plans based on issues faced throughout American history and still being headlined in today's newspaper. The lesson plans include exploration and National Pride, Jefferson and Hamilton, Checks and Balances, Supply and Demand, Presidential Impeachment, Voting Rights, Historical Analogies, Predictions and…

Newton, Richard F.; Sprague, Peter F.

68

American History Laboratory Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of an experimental project in American history which introduced to students the methods of historical investigation in specific historical areas through small group research rather than through the college survey course are described in this report. Discussed are (1) the course organization, consisting of two semester units in which…

Taylor, William R.

69

National Museum of American Jewish History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1976, the National Museum of American Jewish History (NMAJH) moved into a new building on Independence Mall in Philadelphia in 2010. Over its history, the NMAJH has explored American Jewish identity through "lectures, panel discussions, authors' talks, films, children's activities, theater, and music." On the web site, visitors can learn about exhibitions, education outreach programs, and collections. In the Collections area, visitors can make their way through original and wonderful items that tell the story of the American Jewish experience through art, immigration, childhood, and sports. Moving on, the Programs area has wonderful information on upcoming lectures, musical performances and discussion groups. The site is rounded out by a link to the museum's pressroom and adult education programs.

70

Military History of Modern Egypt from the Ottoman Conquest to the Ramadan War.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Egypt has one of the oldest civilizations and proudest national histories in the world with a tradition of a well-maintained, advanced, and relevant military force. Egypt's military force has achieved victory in some of the most significant campaigns of M...

O. Shams El-Din

2007-01-01

71

Natural History Guide to American Samoa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Park Service offers this incredibly extensive guide to the marine and wildlife resources of American Samoa, written by and reflecting the research of eight biologists at the Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources of National Park of American Samoa and the Land Grant Program at the American Samoa Community College. The guide, which may be viewed online or downloaded, covers dozens of topics related to Samoa's marine and terrestrial environments, including coral bleaching, sharks, humpback whales, flying foxes, invasive and agricultural pests, bird checklists, and much more. The Web site also provides local facts and area maps. Well-designed and full of colorful photographs, the Natural History Guide to American Samoa is definitely worth a look.

Craig, P.

72

American Indian History and Related Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This excellent site offers a number of documentary resources on American Indian History as well as annotated links to other sites with a similar focus. The highlights of the site are the collections of maps, drawings, other artwork and photographs documenting Native American experience. Particularly impressive is the Native American Experience section, which contains hundreds of "photographs, drawings, maps and short descriptions chronicling the experiences of the Native American population dating from the first migrations from Siberia (pre-1600) through recent experiences." Also of great historical interest is the Theodore De Bry Copper Plate Engravings collection, which features elaborate engravings with accompanying written descriptions (viewable in thumbnail or full-screen sizes) of Indian life as perceived by sixteenth-century European settlers.

73

Dereliction of Duty Redux?: Post-Iraq American Civil-Military Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The protracted war in Iraq has exacerbated existing tensions and dysfunctional elements inherent in American civil-military relations. Many in the national security community were worried that civil-military relations were far from satisfactory well before the war.11Richard H. Kohn, “Out of Control: The Crisis in Civil-Military Relations,”The National Interest, Spring 1994, pp. 3-17; A. J. Bacevich, “Civilian Control, A Useful Fiction?”Joint

Frank G. Hoffman

2008-01-01

74

The return of the American military to crewed spaceflight: Hypersonic and other visions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1950s, crewed spaceflight has been the province of NASA, a decision reaffirmed in the 1960s with the cancellation of all military projects which might have competed. That understanding has driven American space policy since that time despite the fact that the military has not given up its dream of crewed spaceflight. Over the past decade, that division of

Roger Handberg; Joan Johnson-Freese

1997-01-01

75

American Soldier after the Cold War: Towards a Post-Modern Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The hallmark of the modern military was that of an institution legitimated in terms of values and norms based on a purpose transcending individual self-interest in favor of a presumed higher good. Members of the American military were often seen as follow...

C. Moskos

1998-01-01

76

Other Clash of Civilizations: Samuel Huntington and American Civil Military Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work examines three American civil-military relationships using two frameworks presented by Huntington. Huntington s frames illustrate more clearly how the relationships in these three presidential administrations Wilson, Truman, and Johnson function...

B. J. Dodd

2012-01-01

77

Description of 'Profile of American Youth' Data for Military Manpower and Personnel Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The success of any military organization in accomplishing its mission depends largely on the quality of the personnel who constitute the organization. The National Longitudinal Survey (NLS) and the Profile of American Youth (1980 Nationwide Administration...

T. V. Johnson

1983-01-01

78

Auschwitz and Anglo-American Air Power: Historical Debates and Military Capabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Perhaps the hardest fact for Holocaust historians, survivors, and observers to accept remains the West's non-use of direct military force to relieve Jewish suffering. The picture of American and British bombers clouding the Third Reich's skies has provoke...

R. R. Rice

1996-01-01

79

American Public Support for US Military Operations from Mogadishu to Baghdad. Technical Appendixes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains the technical appendixes for a study that describes American public opinion toward the use of military force in support of the global war on terrorism (GWOT), delineates the sources of support and opposition, and identifies potentia...

E. V. Larson B. Savych

2005-01-01

80

American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics, February 26, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is written in response to numerous requests for war casualty statistics and lists of war dead. It provides tables, compiled by sources at the Department of Defense (DOD), indicating the number of casualties among American military personnel se...

A. Leland M. J. Oboroceanu

2010-01-01

81

American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics. Updated May 14, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is written in response to numerous requests for war casualty statistics and lists of war dead. It provides tables, compiled by sources at the Department of Defense (DOD), indicating the number of casualties among American military personnel se...

H. Fischer K. Klarman M. Oboroceanu

2008-01-01

82

USSR Report, Military Affairs, No. 1813, Military History Journal, No. 6, June 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

CONTENTS: Increased Military, Political Vigilance Urged; SOVIET MLITARY ART IN THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR - Importance of Kursk Battle in World War II Reviewed, General Describes Development of Strategy, Operational Art in Kursk Battle, Development of Defens...

1983-01-01

83

Surveying the History of American Education: Four Recent Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interpretations of American educational history in the following four books are compared: "History of Education and Culture in America" (H. Warren Button and Eugene F. Provenzo, Jr.), "Americans and Their Schools" (Erwin V. Johanningmeier), "History of Education in America" 3rd ed. (John D. Pulliam), and "The Opening Up of American Education: A…

Curtis, Dalton B., Jr.

1985-01-01

84

American Military and the Media: Historical Lessons and Future Considerations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Media coverage of military operations has been around for centuries, and has evolved as much as the technologies and tactics with which war is fought today. It is also in the early origins of the military-media relationship that one can see the seeds of c...

B. D. Burns

2006-01-01

85

THE AMERICAN MILITARY ENTERPRISE IN THE INFORMATION AGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social and military effects of the ongoing information revolution occupy the thoughts of modern thinkers. From a social standpoint, the true believers hold that the current revolution in computing, telecommunications, and information technologies will profoundly remake our society, our democracy, and our daily lives. From a mili- tary perspective, visionaries within the U.S. military see in the new technologies

Carl H. Builder

86

Documenting the American South: Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Telling the history of the American South is a complex process, and this wonderful collection from the University of North Carolina's Southern Oral History Program is an attempt to tell part of that story. This particular website brings together almost 500 oral history interviews collected over a period of many decades, and it has been made possible in part with funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. The collection has six primary themes, including "Charlotte", "Civil Rights", "Southern Politics", and "Piedmont Industrialization". On the homepage, visitors can read a brief summary of each theme, and after looking over each description they can browse around at their leisure or perform a keyword search across the interviews. Visitors shouldn't miss the "Piedmont Industrialization" area, as it provides some remarkable insights into the transformation from traditional industrial production (such as mill work) to agribusiness and financial services in the 20th century.

87

American Association for State and Local History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for State and Local History (AASLH) began in 1940, when the Conference of State and Local History disbanded and a new organization was created. The AASLH is headquartered in Nashville, TN, and provides services, leadership and innovative programs to history organizations large and small. The "National Initiatives" tab at the top of this website contains a link to the "Traveling Exhibits Clearinghouse" which will be of interest to visitors who work in history organizations. The Clearinghouse aims to "give the field of state and local history an easy online resource to advertise and search for traveling exhibits." Also in the National Incentives tab is a link to "Research" on enduring issues in the field of state and local history, such as the cultivation of world cultural heritage, government funding of museums, and the civic mission of schools. Visitors interested in learning about the behind-the-scenes of the Civil War 150 must check out the "Civil War Sesquicentennial" link, under the same tab as the Research link. Also, there are podcasts and a list of websites or contacts for the states involved in the commemoration.

88

Chinese/American Physicists: A Transnational History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a broader project on "Chinese/American Scientists: Transnational Science during the Cold War and Beyond," this paper examines the movements of American-trained Chinese physicists following the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. While a majority of these physicists chose to stay in the US (the "stayees"), a number went back to China in the 1950s (the "returnees") against many obstacles during the McCarthy era. After the reopening of US-China relations in the 1970s, the two groups joined hands in promoting China-US scientific and educational exchanges, leading eventually to the coming to the US of a new generation of Chinese physics students and the return to China of some of the original "stayees." This transnational history of Chinese/American physicists aims to illustrate the nature and extent of the Americanization of international science and the internationalization of American science in the post-World War II era.

Wang, Zuoyue

2011-03-01

89

Soviet industrial espionage against American military technology and the US response, 1930–1945  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1930 and 1945, the Soviet Union played a significant role in American domestic affairs. Although its agents’ infiltration of social movements and government agencies is well known, their parallel and highly successful practice of espionage against American industrial and military technology is less familiar. Washington officials were aware of Soviet spying, but mired in the Depression and then preoccupied

Katherine A. S. Sibley

1999-01-01

90

American History and Art from New England  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students, teachers, and just about anyone with an interest in American history will find helpful resources at the Memorial Hall Museum Online, a village museum of 300-year-old Deerfield, Massachusetts. Features of the site include: the Digital Collection, a searchable database of over 1,000 artifacts selected from 70,000 in the Museum's holdings; In the Classroom, a collection of curriculum ideas for teachers; and the Turns of the Centuries exhibit. This exhibit presents images and artifacts on five broad themes: Family Life, Native American Indians, African Americans, Newcomers, and The Land. The exhibits span across three eras -- 1680-1720, 1780-1820, and 1880-1920. For example, in The Land 1880-1920, view a collection of posters and publicity from the agricultural fairs and expositions popular at that time. Photographs by Frances and Mary Allen are used as illustrations throughout the site. These photographs, produced between 1885 and 1920, are often romanticized visions of colonial times in New England but are nonetheless significant examples of Pictorial style photography. There is also an Activities section, with Scavenger Hunt, Dress Up, Make a Chronology, and a Tailor Your Visit pages. The latter suggests resources for teachers, researchers, and K-12 students.

2001-01-01

91

Revolution and Intervention: U.S.-Cuban Relations in the 20th Century. SSEC American History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This unit for U.S. history courses examines a number of questions raised by U.S.-Cuban relations beginning with the Spanish-American War of 1898 and ending with the missile crisis 64 years later. These questions are on such topics as the appropriate U.S. stance toward a nationalistic reform movement, a social revolution, and a military build up…

Tegnell, Geoffrey; Ladenburg, Thomas

92

Diseases of Military Importance  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Beginning with George Washington’s decision to immunize his army against smallpox during the War of the American Revolution,\\u000a vaccines have traditionally been used as a primary strategy for the prevention of infectious diseases in military settings\\u000a (Artenstein et al. 2005). This chapter will highlight two vaccine histories involving diseases of military importance. The\\u000a history of epidemic typhus, caused by rickettsial

Alan Cross; Phil Russell

93

Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

2010-01-01

94

American Women and the Military in the 20th Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents lesson plans and related materials for teaching about the role of women in the U.S. military from World War I to Desert Storm (the Gulf War). The lesson includes a table showing the number of women who took part in Desert Storm broken down by branch of service. Another chart shows the number of women who served in the…

Haas, Mary E.

95

Bradley Lynn Coleman - Recovering the Korean War Dead, 1950“1958: Graves Registration, Forensic Anthropology, and Wartime Memorialization - The Journal of Military History 72:1  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the Korean War, the American Graves Registration Service, U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps, developed an innovative system to recover, identify, and repatriate deceased U.S. servicemen. In doing so, the U.S. armed forces returned their dead to the United States during major combat operations for the first time in military history. This article describes and analyzes the handling of the Korean

Bradley Lynn Coleman

2008-01-01

96

American Women's History: A Research Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Greatly revised and expanded since its last Scout Report mention, (March 13, 1999) Ken Middleton's American Women's History: A Research Guide includes over 2100 citations to print and Internet sources and hundreds of links to digitized primary sources, as well as frequent updates and link checking to ensure the currency of cited resources. The Research Guide now consists of 4 main sections: an index to resources by subject, an index to resources by state, and two Tools sections offering guidance on finding primary sources (e.g. archival, manuscript, and museum collections, historical newspapers and periodicals), as well as secondary sources (e.g. books, articles, theses and dissertations). Some print resources listed under Marriage are bibliographies and historical overviews; examples of online materials are digital photo databases at the Los Angeles and Denver Public Libraries, that include images of weddings and marriage. Shortcuts to popular, quickly available, online resources are provided from the home page.

97

So What About History and the American Revolution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A short introduction to the study of the American Revolution coordinates photographs and pertinent questions to gain a perspective on history as a discipline in general and the history of the revolution in particular. (KM)

Morgan, Edmund S.

1974-01-01

98

Crisis Management by Military Cooperation with a Small Ally: American-Israeli Cooperation in the Syrian Jordanian Crisis, September 1970  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bar-Siman-Tov, Y. Crisis Management by Military Cooperation with a Small Ally: American-Israeli Cooperation in the Syrian-Jordanian Crisis, September 1970. Cooperation and Conflict, XVII, 1982, 151-162.The aim of this study is to examine the American—Israeli military cooperation in the Jordanian-Syrian crisis of September 1970, as an illustrative case of crisis management by military cooperation with a small ally, in a situation

Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov

1982-01-01

99

Towards a New History of the Purge of the Military, 1937–1938  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Great Terror was a defining moment of the Stalin era, indeed perhaps the defining moment of 20 century Russian history. The purge of the military is a striking subplot with the potential to unlock the mystery which still surrounds the Terror. Why did Stalin feel the need to decimate his general staff and officer corps on the eve of

Peter Whitewood

2011-01-01

100

Eugenics and public health in American history.  

PubMed Central

Supporters of eugenics, the powerful early 20th-century movement for improving human heredity, often attacked that era's dramatic improvements in public health and medicine for preserving the lives of people they considered hereditarily unfit. Eugenics and public health also battled over whether heredity played a significant role in infectious diseases. However, American public health and eugenics had much in common as well. Eugenic methods often were modeled on the infection control techniques of public health. The goals, values, and concepts of disease of these two movements also often overlapped. This paper sketches some of the key similarities and differences between eugenics and public health in the United States, and it examines how their relationship was shaped by the interaction of science and culture. The results demonstrate that eugenics was not an isolated movement whose significance is confined to the histories of genetics and pseudoscience, but was instead an important and cautionary part of past public health and a general medical history as well.

Pernick, M S

1997-01-01

101

The Integration of Spain into Europe and Its Effect on American Military Presence in Spain.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Beginning with the Pact of Madrid in 1953 and continuing with the Agreement for Mutual Cooperation in 1970, Spain and the U.S. moved to a bilateral mutually beneficial relationship. The basic exchange has been American military and economic aid in return ...

G. A. Ruskosky

1975-01-01

102

Reactive arthritis after Shigella gastroenteritis in American military in Afghanistan.  

PubMed

In Afghanistan in mid June 2011, 2 US Marines developed reactive arthritis manifested by conjunctivitis, urethritis, arthritis, and circinate balanitis. Their symptoms were preceded by an outbreak in their unit of gastroenteritis caused by Shigella species after ingesting contaminated chicken. Gastroenteritis has plagued military operations for millennia. This report emphasizes that personnel can develop reactive arthritis after bouts of gastrointestinal infections that are common in deployed environments. It is highly recommended to maintain vigilance in keeping reactive arthritis on the differential diagnosis in deployed personnel after bouts of gastroenteritis. PMID:22832290

Martin, Donald J; White, Brian K; Rossman, Michael G

2012-08-01

103

American Museum of Natural History: Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website of the Science department at the American Museum of Natural History in New York has some great interactive features, including a video, entitled "Scientific Expeditions 2008". Visitors should click on "See the Video", which is located front and center on the Science homepage. To "download the transcript" click the link above the video. Also, the video is captioned for those who are hearing impaired. The section entitled Science at the Museum: Exploration and Discovery gives a good overview of the Science department at the museum, and the changes it has made over time. The department consists of the following sections, accessible by clicking on the menu on the right hand side of the page: "Anthropology", "Invertebrate Zoology", "Vertebrate Zoology", "Paleontology", and "Physical Sciences". Those persons interested in hearing talks at the museum, will want to click on "AMNH Podcasts", on the right hand side of the page, below the menu. The latest podcast, from May 2009, features author Michael Pollan. There are a number of ways to subscribe to the podcasts, including RSS and iTunes. [KMG]To find this resource and more high-quality online resources in math and science visit Scout's sister site - AMSER, the Applied Math and Science Educational Repository at http://amser.org.

104

Militariality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay argues that the US is in the midst of a transformation from governmentality to militariality, a transformation achieving normalization with the official passing-into-law of the post-9\\/11 Homeland Security Act and the USA Patriot Act, and the coming-to-actuality of preemptive warfare with the US declaration of war against Iraq. The political regime, progressively acting directly on the civil register,

Robert P. Marzec

2009-01-01

105

The Status of World History Instruction in American Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is an assessment of the current status of world history instruction in American secondary schools and an attempt to detect trends in the teaching of this subject. The report is divided into the following sections: 1) Introduction; 2) Historical Development of the World History Course; 3) Criticisms of the World History Course; 4)…

Pulliam, William E.

106

Changing Secondary Teachers' Views of Teaching American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changing teaching practices in secondary history classrooms requires teachers to first change their attitudes and views towards teaching history. This was a key finding that emerged from the analysis of changes that took place in the teachers' classrooms during the course of the Teaching American History grant project that was successful in…

Ragland, Rachel G.

2007-01-01

107

Changing Secondary Teachers' Views of Teaching American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Changing teaching practices in secondary history classrooms requires teachers to first change their attitudes and views towards teaching history. This was a key finding that emerged from the analysis of changes that took place in the teachers' classrooms during the course of the Teaching American History grant project that was successful in…

Ragland, Rachel G.

2007-01-01

108

The Anacostia Museum & Center for African American History and Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located in a historically African-American community in the southeast quadrant of Washington, D.C., the Anacostia Museum & Center for African American History and Culture's primary goal is to "explore American history, society, and creative expression from an African American perspective.". Visitors may want to begin by looking through the general information section, especially if they are planning a visit in the near future. There is also a special section dedicated to providing information on current and upcoming exhibits, along with several online exhibits, including one on the contemporary spiritual traditions within the African-American community. Perhaps one of the more interesting parts of the site is the area dedicated to providing history about the actual community of Anacostia where the museum is physically located. In this section, visitors can learn about the various transformations that have affected the community over its long history, and even view educational exercises for use at home or in the classroom.

109

THE U.S. MILITARY CHAPLAINCY, THEN AND NOW  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. military chaplains have engaged persons of diverse faith groups in various ways throughout American history. Before the American Revolution, chaplains tried to convert Native Americans to Christianity. As the United States military became more pluralistic and more engaged in conflicts around the world, chaplains sought to win the hearts and minds of the people in the area of operations.

John W. Brinsfield

2009-01-01

110

Does History Repeat Itself? A Comparative Analysis of Private Military Entities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whereas organized groups of men specializing in warfare and serving the highest bidder are a common feature throughout the\\u000a entire history of warfare, the prerequisite for a historically comparative analysis of private military entities is the existence\\u000a of states as global players in the international system. The Treaty of Westphalia (1648) and the French Revolution (1789)\\u000a are regarded as sequences

Daniel Kramer

111

The Sporting Past in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of sports in U.S. history. Describes primary sources and scholarly articles available for use in integrating sports history into history courses. Addresses questions about sport and society in the United States from the Puritans through the present day. Suggests that sports have been used to limit upward mobility and maintain…

Borish, Linda J.

1992-01-01

112

History Descending a Staircase: American Historians and American Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author contends that the vast majority of American historians no longer regard American culture--whether high culture or mainstream popular culture--as an essential area of study. The much-vaunted culture turn in the humanities has run its course in one of the first disciplines it influenced. Indeed, most of the books today…

Pells, Richard

2007-01-01

113

Mexican Americans: A Brief Look at Their History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This short survey begins with a definition of the Mexican American and some of the questions asked by the general public about his culture and aims. It outlines the history of the United States' involvement with Mexico and explains the experience of the Mexican Americans after the end of the Mexican War in 1848. Their ethnic origins and the rich…

Nava, Julian

114

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African American,…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

115

Mexican Americans: A Brief Look at Their History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This short survey begins with a definition of the Mexican American and some of the questions asked by the general public about his culture and aims. It outlines the history of the United States' involvement with Mexico and explains the experience of the Mexican Americans after the end of the Mexican War in 1848. Their ethnic origins and the rich…

Nava, Julian

116

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

117

A developmental history of the American Psychology-Law Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Psychology-Law Society, now in its 22nd year, began in 1969 after an, organizational meeting in 1968. It played a role in the creation of Division 41 (Psychology and Law) of the American Psychological Association in 1981. The Division became the American Psychology-Law Society\\/Division 41 with the merger of the two organizations in 1984. The present narrative history of

Thomas Grisso

1991-01-01

118

Native American History in a Box: A New Approach to Teaching Native American Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Native American History in a Box curriculum which is designed to introduce elementary and middle-level students to Native American cultures. The curriculum consists of a five day unit addressing the following concepts pertaining to Native American Nations: settlements, tools, sustenance, pottery, and contact with…

Helms, Emory C.; Hitt, Austin M.; Schipper, Jason A.; Jones, Adam M.

2010-01-01

119

Native Americans in Cold War Public Diplomacy: Indian Politics, American History, and the US Information Agency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This essay examines the depiction of Native Americans by the US Information Agency (USIA), the bureau charged with explaining American politics to the international public during the Cold War. In the 1950s and 1960s, the USIA broadcast the message that Americans had begun to acknowledge their nation's history of conquest and were working to…

Denson, Andrew

2012-01-01

120

Native American History in a Box: A New Approach to Teaching Native American Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the Native American History in a Box curriculum which is designed to introduce elementary and middle-level students to Native American cultures. The curriculum consists of a five day unit addressing the following concepts pertaining to Native American Nations: settlements, tools, sustenance, pottery, and contact with…

Helms, Emory C.; Hitt, Austin M.; Schipper, Jason A.; Jones, Adam M.

2010-01-01

121

Native American History in a Box: A New Approach to Teaching Native American Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the Native American History in a Box curriculum which is designed to introduce elementary and middle-level students to Native American cultures. The curriculum consists of a five day unit addressing the following concepts pertaining to Native American Nations: settlements, tools, sustenance, pottery, and contact with Europeans. In addition, the development of the curriculum, the daily lessons, and

Emory C. Helms; Austin M. Hitt; Jason A. Schipper; Adam M. Jones

2010-01-01

122

The Negro in American History: A Series of Episodes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This teacher's kit contains a series of lessons on black history that can be integrated into regular 8th- and 11th-grade American history courses. Each lesson includes a student card containing basic reading material, with appropriate activities, and a teacher card providing additional information and/or suggestions for class discussion. Although…

Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

123

Evaluating American History Teachers' Professional Development: Effects on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The United States government has invested nearly one billion dollars in funding to professional historians and history educators across the country since 2000 to strengthen the teaching of American history in elementary and secondary schools, yet we know little about how these programs impact student learning. Using data from one such Teaching…

De La Paz, Susan; Malkus, Nathaniel; Monte-Sano, Chauncey; Montanaro, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

124

History of the American Association for Correctional Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of the American Association for Correctional Psychology (AACP) is traced from 1954 to the present. The article offers some insights into the beginnings and development of correctional psychology in the United States, including those individuals most influential in that development. The history of AACP publications is also outlined, including the newsletter Correctional Psychologist and the scholarly journal Criminal

Curt R. Bartol; Naomi J. Freeman

2005-01-01

125

A History of American Music Education. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book covers the history of American music education, from its roots in Biblical times through recent historical events and trends. It describes the educational, philosophical, educational, and sociological aspects of the subject, always putting it in the context of the history of the United States. It offers the most complete information on…

Mark, Michael; Gary, Charles L.

2007-01-01

126

This Lawless Spirit: Teaching the History of American Protest Music.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the rationale for a new course in the history of American protest music which was offered during 1999 at the College of Mount St. Joseph in Ohio. Noting that the course was team taught by a U.S. history professor and a librarian with expertise in the area, the paper states that the course aimed to survey U.S. history through…

Jenkins, Paul

127

A Dialectical Approach to Spanish American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A course at Hampshire College is described that was designed to familiarize students with the progression, key junctures, and general drift of forces and events that are the political and economic history of Spanish America. (MLW)|

Marquez, Roberto

1989-01-01

128

The American Revolution. An Eyewitness History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While the American Revolution officially began in Lexington, Massachusetts, in April 1775, the seeds of rebellion had been sown for decades. The struggle for representation in the British Parliament left many colonists eager to seek out independence. This book provides hundreds of firsthand accounts of the period from diary entries, letters,…

Burg, David F.

129

History of U.S. military contributions to the study of respiratory infections.  

PubMed

History reveals a tremendous impact of respiratory pathogens on the U.S. military, dating back to the time of the Revolutionary and Civil Wars, during which 90% of casualties were for nonbattle injury, including several respiratory illnesses such as measles, whooping cough, and complicated pneumonia. The devastating impact of the influenza pandemic at the end of World War I led to a more proactive approach to research into the etiologies and potential preventive measures for such diseases. The development of the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board, with its subordinate commissions, coincided with the massive mobilization for World War II. Efforts of the board during and after the war led to significant progress against many common pathogens, such as the landmark studies of group A Streptococcus among young trainees at Warren Air Force Base, which led to the development of highly effective prophylactic and therapeutic strategies to prevent rheumatic fever. Military pediatricians contributed greatly to this work, as well as subsequent investigations into both the pathogenesis of and prophylactic therapy for a variety respiratory pathogens, including pertussis and respiratory syncytial virus. The momentum of this work continues to this day, among researchers from all three military branches. PMID:15916285

Ottolini, Martin G; Burnett, Mark W

2005-04-01

130

Proceedings of the Conference of the American Journalism Historians Association (Lawrence, Kansas, October 1-3, 1992). Part I: Journalism History before the Twentieth Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contain 18 papers on American journalism history before the 20th century. Papers in the proceedings are: "Military and Press Discord during the Civil War: Foreshadowing of Future Disputes" (Maury M. Breecher); "The Missouri Press Association: A Study of the Beginning Motivations, 1867-1876" (Stephen A. Banning); "The Detroit…

American Journalism Historians' Association.

131

Proceedings of the Conference of the American Journalism Historians Association (Lawrence, Kansas, October 1-3, 1992). Part I: Journalism History before the Twentieth Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This proceedings contain 18 papers on American journalism history before the 20th century. Papers in the proceedings are: "Military and Press Discord during the Civil War: Foreshadowing of Future Disputes" (Maury M. Breecher); "The Missouri Press Association: A Study of the Beginning Motivations, 1867-1876" (Stephen A. Banning); "The Detroit…

American Journalism Historians' Association.

132

Multicultural American History through Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This integrated teacher resource book presents the instruction of grades 3-6 social studies and history concepts within the context of quality multicultural children's books and picture books. This juxtaposition allows teachers to use children's literature to supplement core textbooks, arouse curiosity, add depth to discussion, and provide…

Ellermeyer, Deborah A.; Chick, Kay A.

133

Multicultural American History through Children's Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This integrated teacher resource book presents the instruction of grades 3-6 social studies and history concepts within the context of quality multicultural children's books and picture books. This juxtaposition allows teachers to use children's literature to supplement core textbooks, arouse curiosity, add depth to discussion, and provide…

Ellermeyer, Deborah A.; Chick, Kay A.

134

The History of American Drug Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Traces the history of U.S. drug control efforts as a means of investigating the idea that decriminalization is a reasonable response to the widespread use of drugs. Suggests that other courses of action may have been more effective in dealing with opiate and cocaine consumption in the past. (KO)|

Musto, D. F.

1989-01-01

135

Asian American History: De-mythifying Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of "polar statements" was adopted from "Stereotypes, Distortions and Omissions in U.S. History Textbooks: A Content Analysis Instrument for Detecting Racism and Sexism," to be published in Fall 1976 by the Council on Interracial Books for Children, Racism and Sexism Resource Center for Educators. (Author/JM)

Bridge, 1976

1976-01-01

136

What History Means to Us: A Comparison of American and German Attitudes toward History. German Studies Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents the text of a speech comparing American and German attitudes toward history, followed by a discussion of issues raised in the speech by conference participants. The first part of the speech identifies aspects of American and German history which are of importance to citizens of each country. American history is characterized…

Moltmann, Gunter

137

The American Contrast: A History of American Legal Education from an Australian Viewpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formalism is entrenched in Australian legal education, and its impact is destructive and narrowing. A presentation of the history of American legal education as a reflection of the social values and experimental nature of American society illustrates some solutions to this formalism. (MSE)

Fiocco, John; Wallace, Jude

1980-01-01

138

Peopling The American Colonies, Episode III. Resource Material Development: Population Dynamics in Eighth Grade American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third unit in a series that introduces population concepts into the eighth grade American history curriculum. (See SO 013 782 for an overview to the guide.) In Episode III, the history topic is the late colonial periods. Unit objectives are to (1) examine the effects of different lifestyles on population changes in America and England;…

Massialas, Byron G.; And Others

139

Throwaway History: The Broadside in American Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although broadsides may seem like a thing of the past, this Tennessee Virtual Archive mentions they are used still to this day, and have broadsides in their collection that are from the 1980s. Visitors should go to the "About the Collection" link to read some background on what broadsides were used for and how they were distributed. The information disseminated via broadsides was varied, including everything from a recruitment announcement to help fight the Creek Indians in Tennessee to a lecture on the perils of school desegregation to a promotion for an African-American radio station--the very one where Oprah Winfrey got her start. Visitors can view the 90 digitized broadsides by clicking on the "View Collection Images" link. A thumbnail of the broadside is given, along with the title, subjects, and description. Visitors can sort the images by the aforementioned categories simply by clicking the desired heading. Visitors should check out the very well-illustrated broadside, "Columbia Gives to Her Son the Accolade of the New Chivalry of Humanity, World War I", which is dedicated to a fallen soldier. The Historical Note in the full record explains when and how broadsides were used to memorialize fallen soldiers.

140

Documenting the American South: Oral Histories of the American South  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Documenting the American South project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has created a number of very fine online exhibits and digital collections over the years, and this recent addition certainly follows in that tradition. Working with funds provided by the Institute of Museum and Library Services, this pilot project includes 21 interviews related to environmental transformations that have changed the lives of North Carolinians over the period 1985 to 2000. Visitors to the site can browse the collection by interviewee, interviewer, and also learn a bit more about how the collection was created. The interviews are quite distinctive, and include commentaries on the ways in which the construction of a major freeway affected daily lives and another set of participants describe their stories of survival after Hurricane Floyd came through the eastern part of the state. One nice touch on the site is that visitors can download the complete audio file of each interview or just listen online while following along with a complete text transcript.

141

Let's Put the Indians Back into American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the inadequate and often inaccurate treatment of native Americans in U.S. history courses and textbooks. Examines the impact of the Indians on such aspects of U.S. culture as language, clothing, recreation, medicine, government, and literature. Includes a suggested classroom project for acquainting students with Indians and other…

Anderson, William

1988-01-01

142

American History to 1877 Major Problems of Interpretation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Description: This course provides an introduction to the study of American history from the eve of European colonization through the close of Reconstruction. Rather than try to address all the significant historical developments that took place across four centuries, we focus on key topics which hold special interest for scholars and which figure centrally in debates over the meaning of

Ruma Chopra

143

Disability Politics and American Literary History: Some Suggestions  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a long time now, critics have marked the presence of disabled figures in US literature, but only recently, and still sporadically, has disability been granted a politics in American literary history. In the last decade, disability studies scholarship has helped us understand “disability” as a category saturated with social meaning, embedded in specific historical contexts, and subject to contestation.

Susan Schweik

2008-01-01

144

"Telling Tales": The Teaching of American History through Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The late novelist Walker Percy once argued that literature, especially fictional stories, has portrayed a clearer and far more cohesive picture of the human condition than any of the social sciences, including history. His ideas hint at the possibility of conceptualizing the American experience as the story that it is and as a way of organizing…

Sanchez, Tony R.; Mills, Randy K.

2005-01-01

145

American environmental history: the exploitation and conservation of natural resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The environmental history is followed in 4 time periods--colonial, the new nation, after the Civil War, and in the 20th century. The author suggests: (1) the economic rationality of American democracy has tended to lead to economic concentration; a waste of natural resources; and evnironmental degradation (also an inequitable distribution of wealth, but this subject is scarcely touched upon); (2)

Petulla

1977-01-01

146

African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Headquartered at Amherst College, the African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project (AARDOC) was founded in 1987. The goal of the project is "to produce a comprehensive history of African-American religion." The history is scheduled to be published in a print edition by the University of Chicago Press later in 2010, and the authors of the project have created this site to bring a selection of these materials to the attention of educators and students. The "Advice for Beginners" section contains a brief description of external reference works of note, and then visitors can make their way through brief outlines of different phases in African-American religious history in areas like "Atlantic World" and "Global Phase". The "Sample Documents" area is a real treat, as it features primary documents that tell the story of Billy Sunday's interactions with African-Americans and the 1822-1823 journal of Betsey Stockton, who joined a company of missionaries as they set sail for the Sandwich (Hawaii) Islands. The site is rounded out by a selection of teaching resources, including syllabi for undergraduate and graduate courses.

Wills, David W.

147

African-American Women's History and the Metalanguage of Race.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Feminist scholars, especially those studying African-American women's history, must bring race into analyses of power more prominently, defining race, revealing it a metalanguage, and recognizing it as providing opportunities for exchange and context. Race must be acknowledged as an unstable, shifting, and strategic construction. (SLD)

Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks

1992-01-01

148

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

149

A brief history of British military experiences with infectious and tropical diseases.  

PubMed

Infectious and tropical diseases have been a problem for British expeditionary forces ever since the Crusades. Outbreaks were especially common on Navy ships from the 16th to 18th centuries due to poor living conditions and travel to the tropics. However, since these occurred in small, isolated and controlled environments it meant that naval medical practitioners were able to keep detailed records and develop empirical approaches for their prevention. The first Royal Naval Hospitals were established in response to these diseases and Royal Navy doctors made valuable early contributions towards understanding them. Even larger outbreaks of infectious and tropical diseases occurred in the Army during the Napoleonic, Crimean and Boer Wars and throughout the colonial era, which strongly influenced the formation of the Army Medical Services including provision for teaching and research. The establishment of germ theory led to a golden era of discovery regarding these diseases and British Army doctors made numerous important contributions. Subsequent improvements in prevention, diagnosis and treatment reduced the mortality from infectious and tropical diseases during the World Wars, but they remained a significant problem in the non-European campaigns and also the numerous 'small wars' that followed. Even in the 21st century some of these diseases still cause outbreaks with significant morbidity and impact on deployments, but the military clinical and academic resources to deal with them are now much reduced. Preventive measures such as hygiene, sanitation, infection control, vaccination and chemoprophylaxis are invaluable, but history shows that these can become neglected over time and disrupted or overwhelmed during the early or most intense stages of military operations. This is why military specialists in infectious diseases, tropical medicine, sexual health, medical microbiology and communicable diseases control are still required. PMID:24109135

Bailey, Mark S

2013-07-05

150

From exclusion to acceptance: a case history of homosexuality in the U.S. Court of Military Appeals.  

PubMed

Policing the legality and normalcy of service members' sexual lives was a contentious process for military courts throughout the 1950s, 1960s, and early 1970s that resulted in the inconsistent enforcement of the homosexual exclusion policy. Military personnel of all ranks and occupations harbored a variety of attitudes and beliefs about homosexuality that challenged the legitimacy and uniformity of the military's legal assault on sexual deviance. Over half of the active duty personnel originally accused of homosexual tendencies received either sentence reductions or sentence reversals as a result of this highly contested process by which official military policy was translated into practice via courts-martial. Paradoxically, the very policies that discriminated against alleged homosexual service members generated legal avenues through which gays and lesbians exercised their rights to due process, and, ultimately, their rights as American citizens embodied in the repeal of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy. Rather than being an ideologically homophobic monolith, the Cold War American military rocked with contestation over an exclusion policy that attempted--unsuccessfully--to eliminate all gay and lesbian service members. PMID:23414272

Wilson-Buford, Kellie

2013-01-01

151

National Museum of American History: Surveying and Geodesy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Museum of American History Virtual Exhibition Web Site (last mentioned in the November 16, 2001 Scout Report) presents another interesting collection. The Surveying and Geodesy instruments site "reflect[s] the importance of these activities in America since the first European colonists settled here some 400 years ago and turned the American landscape into property." The 250 instruments within the collection are organized by maker and by instruments. Each instrument link contains a picture (if available), inscriptions, dimensions, a description, and any other available information. This simple but well done site offers a unique and educational look into this historically significant field.

2002-01-01

152

Celebrating National American Indian Heritage Month.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

November has been designated National American Indian Heritage Month to honor American Indians and Alaska Natives by increasing awareness of their culture, history, and, especially, their tremendous contributions to the United States military. Native Amer...

D. K. Mann J. Grafton

2004-01-01

153

Promoting Health During the American Occupation of Japan The Public Health Section, Kyoto Military Government Team, 1945-1949  

PubMed Central

During the American occupation of Japan (1945–1952), young public health officers from the US Army Medical Corps were posted in local US Army military government teams. These young doctors (aged 25 to 27 years), who had not absorbed the strong anti-Japanese tradition of the US military during World War II, seem to have alleviated the initial resentment felt by the Japanese toward the new governors of their homeland. The case of the Kyoto Military Government Team illustrates the Kyoto citizenry’s positive view of some American-directed public health measures. The team’s services helped to counter widely held negative views on colonialism, occupation, and public health; lessened resentment toward the unilateral command structure of the occupation forces; and contributed to improved relations between the United States and Japan at the local level.

Nishimura, Sey

2008-01-01

154

Geography in American History for High School Students of American History. Final Design Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geographic learning provides perspectives, information, concepts, and skills essential to viewing and understanding historical events and developments. Geographic learning is therefore essential to sound teaching and learning of history in general and U.S. history at the high school level in particular. This report contains a description of the…

Patrick, John J.; Stoltman, Joseph P.

155

National Museum of American History: Stories of Freedom and Justice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1960, a group of four African American men sat at the lunch counter in the Woolworth's store in Greensboro, North Carolina and refused to leave when asked. It was an important moment in the growing civil rights movement, and it is the event which serves as the inspiration for this site created by the National Museum of American History. The theme of the site is "Freedom and Justice", and the site contains a frequently updated blog, webcasts, news updates, and an event calendar. Visitors who are unfamiliar with the Greensboro Sit-Ins may wish to look at a collection of images from that fateful day. In the webcasts area, visitors can watch archived programs like "Lincoln, Race and the American Presidency" and "Portrait of Invention: A Conversation with Lester Brown". In the "Learning Resources" area educators can take advantage of a 22-minute instructional video and several lesson plans and activities.

156

Teaching White Students Black History: The African-American Experience in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many white students are barely exposed to African-American history throughout their schooling. When students do examine the other side of American history, the one not generally found in their textbooks, they often wonder why they have not learned this before. An understanding of African-American history is central to any effort to eliminate…

Burrell, Leon F.; Walsh, Robert L.

2001-01-01

157

Mental health of Asian American and Pacific Islander military veterans: brief review of an understudied group.  

PubMed

The mental health of American military soldiers and veterans is of widespread concern; yet, there has been no prior review of studies on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) veterans. This article provides a brief, but comprehensive review of the mental health of AAPI veterans. An exhaustive literature search was conducted using the major medical and mental health literature databases. Of 13 identified articles, nine were empirical studies on either post-traumatic stress disorder among AAPI Vietnam veterans or health functioning of AAPI veterans based on national veteran surveys. Findings from these studies showed that some AAPI veterans who served during the Vietnam War encountered racism from fellow soldiers and race-related stressors were associated with more severe post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. As a group, AAPI veterans were found to be physically healthier than other veterans, but reported poorer mental health and were less likely to use mental health services. However, these findings were limited by the paucity of studies on AAPI veterans and suggest a need for more research on this subpopulation. PMID:23198528

Tsai, Jack; Kong, Grace

2012-11-01

158

Keeping Current. African American History Month--More than Book Reports!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mention the observance of African American History Month and the name Carter G. Woodson immediately comes to mind. Woodson, an educator, publisher, and historian, initiated the "Negro History Week" observance in 1926. Known as the "Father of Black History," Woodson believed that it was important for African Americans to know their history in…

O'Neal, Anita J.

2005-01-01

159

American Centuries: History and Art from New England  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Deerfield, MA, Memorial Hall Museum's American Centuries is an attractive, image-heavy gateway to a wealth of artifacts documenting American history. Online since 2001, the site is kept fresh with features such as "This Week in History", programmed to retrieve collection items dating from the current week, such as a letter from Thomas Williams Ashley (1894-1918) to his father, Charles Hart Ashley, on May 14, 1917, in which Thomas tells of his early days in the Marine Corps soon after the United States entered World War I. The rest of the site is organized into categories, including the collection itself; things to do - both online and at the Museum; the Turns of the Century exhibit; and classroom materials. The interactive chronologies feature allows users to select a topic - such as Technological History, Children, or even Deerfield, MA - and view a timeline of relevant events. Visitors can also set up an account and use MyCollection to save and tag artifacts they wish to return to for another look.

2008-01-01

160

The two faces of American power : Military and political communication during the Cuban missile crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Aims to explains the mismatches between political discourse and military momentum in the US handling of the Cuban missile crisis by using the model of the potential autopoiesis of subsystems. Under wartime conditions, the codes of political and military communications can increasingly be differentiated. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The model of a further differentiation between political and military power is

Michaël Deinema; Loet Leydesdorff

2006-01-01

161

History of U.S. Military Contributions to the Study of Diarrheal Diseases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Diarrhea, a scourge upon humanity since preliterate times, has been the particular nemesis of military forces. The Armed Forces of the United States have been in the forefront in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diarrheal illness. U.S. military...

M. L. Lim

2005-01-01

162

American Museum of Natural History: Division of Anthropology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The online collection of the American Museum of Natural History's Department of Anthropology contains over 160,000 objects that have been digitized with the support of the National Endowment for the Humanities. The ethnographic collections of North America, Mexico & Central America, South America, Africa, Asia, and the Pacific are all represented here and by clicking on the "Collections" link visitors can gain access to these images. In addition to high quality photos and detailed descriptions of the objects, a link to the original catalogue pages from the museum is also included.

163

The Avalon Project: African-Americans - Biography, Autobiography and History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Avalon Project at Yale Law School, (last mentioned in the April 4, 1997 Scout Report) has recently added an African American biography, autobiography, and history section. The section contains complete copies of Martin Luther King Jr.'s 1963 "I Have A Dream" speech, My Bondage and Freedom by Frederick Douglass, The Narrative of Sojourner Truth, dictated by Sojourner Truth and edited by Olive Gilbert, The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois, and Up From Slavery: An Autobiography by Booker T. Washington. All transcripts are lucid and available in HTML format.

1996-01-01

164

Online Astronomy Resources from the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Museum of Natural History, one of the world's largest natural history museums, is the locus of a rich array of scientific research, exhibition and educational resources through its Department of Astrophysics, its Rose Center for Earth and Space and its Hall of Meteorites. For the past decade, the Museum's National Center for Science Literacy, Education and Technology has leveraged these assets to create a panoply of web-based resources for students, teachers and the general public. This session will review several of these resources, including the Digital Universe (a three-dimensional mapping of the Universe); The Solar System (an online graduate course for K-12 teachers); multimedia highlighting searches for exoplanets and ultra-high-energy cosmic rays; Journey to the Stars (a DVD version of the current planetarium show); and the astronomy section of Ology (a website for children ages 7 and up). A copy of the Journey to the Stars DVD will be provided to all attendees. )

Steiner, Robert

2010-02-01

165

Images and sensations of war: a common theme in the history of military nursing.  

PubMed

We analyzed interviews with 22 military nurses who had served in wars or conflicts since World War II, up to and including Operation Desert Storm. Using a method of hermeneutic phenomenology, we found several common themes in the interviews. In this article, we report on the theme Images and Sensations of War. Within that theme, the subcategories sights, sounds, and other sensations (climate and weather, taste, smell, and comfort) were discovered. We categorized the images and sensations as pleasant, unpleasant, and horrible. The findings from this analysis may be useful to professionals who recruit military nurses, provide ongoing military training, help military nurses return to civilian life, and treat posttraumatic stress syndrome. Furthermore, the findings could be used as a basis for future quantitative studies to determine how widespread this theme is in larger groups of military nurses. PMID:8707699

Dittmar, S S; Stanton, M P; Jezewski, M A; Dickerson, S S

166

“No longer a silent victim of history:” repurposing the documents of Japanese American internment  

Microsoft Academic Search

During World War II, the US government detained over 120,000 Japanese American men, women, and children in internment camps.\\u000a Two-thirds were American citizens, yet they were treated as enemies of the American people. After the war, historians and\\u000a activists used archival records created during internment to prove that it had been unjustified by military necessity. They\\u000a succeeded in overturning Supreme

Emiko Hastings

2011-01-01

167

Opportunities for School Psychologists Working with Children of Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today's military families are a diverse, resilient group of brave Americans, and the country owes them a tremendous debt of gratitude. To date, over 2 million service members have been deployed in support of the Global War on Terrorism, many for multiple tours. For the first time in the country's history, there are more military dependents…

Sherman, Michelle D.; Glenn, Marshall Andrew

2011-01-01

168

Comparing the Performance of Native North Americans and Predominantly White Military Recruits on Verbal and Nonverbal Measures of Cognitive Ability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the cognitive ability of adult Canadian First Nations (American Indian) aboriginals (N=101) living in remote areas to recruits (N=131) undergoing military training in the Canadian Forces. Comparisons involved both verbal and nonverbal measures: The Canadian Forces Aptitude Test (CFAT), Wonderlic Personnel Test, (WPT), Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) and Mill Hill Vocabulary (MHV) test. All measures were

Michael Vanderpool; Victor M. Catano

2008-01-01

169

American plastic surgery and global health: a brief history.  

PubMed

Access to essential surgical care in resource-poor settings is gaining recognition as a major component of international public health efforts. As evidence is mounting about the burden of surgically treatable disease in low- and middle-income countries, so too is the evidence for the significant need for plastic surgery treatment of disease rising in these areas. American plastic surgery has a long history with international surgical efforts in resource-poor regions around the world. Early experiences were not formalized until after World War II, when a foundation partnership provided a venue for interested plastic surgeons to volunteer. These efforts progressed and advanced throughout the 1960s-1970s, but were ultimately devastated by the Vietnam War. Subsequent international plastic surgical experiences by American surgeons over the last 40 years have been largely through several nongovernmental organizations. American plastic surgical involvement in global surgery has changed significantly over the last 70 years. Although quality care is being delivered to resource-poor regions around the world, many of the challenges of regionally appropriate, sustainable care persist today. PMID:21301287

Hughes, Christopher D; Alkire, Blake; Martin, Christine; Semer, Nadine; Meara, John G

2012-02-01

170

How the Cold War is Taught: Six American History Textbooks Examined.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet is a comparative analysis of how six high school history textbooks present events and issues related to the Cold War. The texts are "History of a Free People" (Macmillan, 1973), "Rise of the American Nation" (Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1977), "The American Experience" (Addison-Wesley, 1975), "A New History of the United States--An…

Herz, Martin F.

171

American Indian History and Writing from Home: Constructing an Indian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If the typical premise of American Indian history is actually the history of Indian-white relations, then the "other" side of the coin must be turned over for understanding an Indian point of view and what is called "writing from home." Conceptually, "writing from home" is the challenge of historians who are American Indian and who write history

Fixico, Donald L.

2009-01-01

172

Recovering the Afro-American Historic Heritage of Philadelphia: Oral History Accounts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication contains the transcripts of the oral history interviews of Afro Americans in Philadelphia. This project involved eighth grade Afro American students at the William L. Sayre Junior High School in exploring the local history of their West Philadelphia community. As a second part of the project, oral histories were collected by…

Philadelphia School District, PA.

173

Effects of Multimedia Software on Achievement of Middle School Students in an American History Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated social studies achievement as a result of utilizing a multimedia-based American history software program (Ignite Early American History, 2003) to augment textbook and lecture materials for seventh-grade middle school history students in an ethnically and linguistically diverse urban school district. The instructional…

Kingsley, Karla V.; Boone, Randall

2008-01-01

174

Incorporating Mexican American History and Culture into the Social Studies Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Mexican Americans are the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States, their history and literature are seldom taught in American classrooms. A study of over 3,000 high school sophomores in the Southwest revealed that neither Anglos nor Hispanics were aware of the contributions of Mexican Americans. Incorporating Mexican American

Escamilla, Kathy

175

The English History of African American English. Language and Society Series; 28.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays on the history of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) include: an introduction to the evolution of AAVE within the African American diaspora (Shana Poplack); "Rephrasing the Copula: Contraction and Zero in Early African American English" (James A. Walker); "Reconstructing the Source of Early African American English Plural Marking: A…

Poplack, Shana, Ed.

176

Virtues and Vices in the American Language: A History of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces the history of changing attitudes toward American English. Two approaches to language policy have always been present, the conservative one, which considers British English the only acceptable standard, and the liberal, which favors American English. (CFM)

Kahane, Henry; Kahane, Renee

1977-01-01

177

A history of the American Society for Clinical Investigation  

PubMed Central

One hundred years ago, in 1909, the American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI) held its first annual meeting. The founding members based this new society on a revolutionary approach to research that emphasized newer physiological methods. In 1924 the ASCI started a new journal, the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The ASCI has also held an annual meeting almost every year. The society has long debated who could be a member, with discussions about whether members must be physicians, what sorts of research they could do, and the role of women within the society. The ASCI has also grappled with what else the society should do, especially whether it ought to take a stand on policy issues. ASCI history has reflected changing social, political, and economic contexts, including several wars, concerns about the ethics of biomedical research, massive increases in federal research funding, and an increasingly large and specialized medical environment.

Howell, Joel D.

2009-01-01

178

National Museum of American History: The First Ladies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past two centuries, the role of the First Lady has changed immensely and in the past several decades the women to occupy this position have embraced causes such as literacy and healthy eating. This online exhibit from the National Museum of American History looks at the "role played by the country's first ladies as well as the beautiful objects that belonged to them." The site is divided into six sections, including "The First Ladies Collection" and "A First Lady's Contribution". The "First Ladies Collection" contains photos and descriptions of items like Martha Washington's silk taffeta gown and Dolley Madison's elaborate hand-embroidered robe. Moving on, "A First Lady's Contribution" contains images of the First Ladies on the campaign trail and other settings. One particularly interesting image here is that of Florence Harding pinning a flower on Al Jolson's lapel during a campaign stop. Finally, visitors can also view a timeline of all the First Ladies.

2012-01-06

179

A history of the American Society for Clinical Investigation.  

PubMed

One hundred years ago, in 1909, the American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI) held its first annual meeting. The founding members based this new society on a revolutionary approach to research that emphasized newer physiological methods. In 1924 the ASCI started a new journal, the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The ASCI has also held an annual meeting almost every year. The society has long debated who could be a member, with discussions about whether members must be physicians, what sorts of research they could do, and the role of women within the society. The ASCI has also grappled with what else the society should do, especially whether it ought to take a stand on policy issues. ASCI history has reflected changing social, political, and economic contexts, including several wars, concerns about the ethics of biomedical research, massive increases in federal research funding, and an increasingly large and specialized medical environment. PMID:19348041

Howell, Joel D

2009-04-01

180

Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While many people may be familiar with the impressive structure that houses the American Museum of Natural History at Central Park West and 79th Street, a much smaller number may be acquainted with their very fine series of anthropological papers. This respected series has been continuously published since 1907, and these works have also been made available on this site. Visitors can use the search engine offered here, or they can also browse the papers by title, author, or date. They will encounter works from such anthropology luminaries as Margaret Mead and others, and they will certainly enjoy passing along this information to persons with an interest in the field. In total, this archive contains over 350 works which provide a great deal of insight into the historical development of the practice and theory behind anthropology.

181

Women in American History by the Encyclopaedia Britannica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Online have put together this collection of biographical information on women in American history from 1600 to the present. Biographies can be browsed alphabetically or by occupational category. A quasi-subject listing called "misc. a-z" lists entries for women's organizations and issues. The site can also be browsed chronologically by using the four time periods displayed at the top: Early America 1600-1820, The Nineteenth Century 1820-1880, At the Crossroads 1880-1920, and Modern America, 1920-the present. Some entries are accompanied by pictures; a media gallery includes sound and QuickTime videos. Note that it is unknown how long this resource will be freely available.

182

Tinted Blue: Air Force Culture and American Civil-Military Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

If war is an extension of politics by other means,1 then civil- military dialogue is the birthplace of that extension. The logical continuity of politics and war requires a functional continuity of effective civil-military exchange. This effectiveness hin...

J. Donnithorne

2010-01-01

183

Still Pretty PrudentPost-Cold War American Public Opinion on the Use of Military Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extending and further testing the theory advanced by Bruce Jentleson with post-cold war data, variations in U.S. public support for the use of military force are shown to be best explained by the principal policy objective for which military force is being used, with a third category of “humanitarian intervention” added to the previous two of “foreign policy restraint” and

Bruce W. Jentleson; Rebecca L. Britton

1998-01-01

184

History of the American College of Toxicology (ACT).  

PubMed

This manuscript is one of two written to celebrate the 25th Anniversary of the American College of Toxicology (ACT). This history of ACT describes its evolution from an entrepreneurial, risk taking model to a conservative business model, fully accepted in the scientific community. ACT started with a small group of scientists who were dissatisfied with the relatively narrow approach to full membership then taken by the Society of Toxicology (SOT). They were excited by new research and collaborative opportunities resulting from an enhanced public awareness of the impact of chemicals on the environment and emerging new methodologies to evaluate human risks of exposure to be chemicals and pharmaceuticals. These toxicologists, many of whom were from industry and government, rather than academia, were tired of being considered socond class citizens and envisioned more open and cross-disciplined approaches. They favored balanced input by academia, industry and government in the overall toxicologic evaluation and risk assessment process. The history of the founding and early development of ACT, as well as the College's growth and eventual acceptance into the scientific community, including its impact on the status quo during the Society's first 25 years, are told by its successive presidents. PMID:15513830

Christian, Mildred S

2004-01-01

185

Police Interrogation and Coercion in Domestic American History: Lessons for the War on Terror  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of torture during interrogations conducted by U.S. special forces, military police, CIA agents, the FBI, and private contractors during the War on Terror has been widely documented. While many chroniclers of the use of torture have characterized its use as a dramatic break from the past, the use of torture by American interrogators and the tacit sanctioning by

Richard Leo; K. Alexa Koenig

2010-01-01

186

Dengue and US military operations from the Spanish-American War through today.  

PubMed

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed. PMID:22469290

Gibbons, Robert V; Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R

2012-04-01

187

Dengue and US Military Operations from the Spanish-American War through Today  

PubMed Central

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed.

Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R.

2012-01-01

188

End of History and the Last Soldier: Training Military Leaders to Operate With Information Superiority.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today it is clear that information, not ordnance or weapons systems, is the current coin of the realm in serious discussions of future warfare. Each of the military departments are now wrestling with how to procure, employ and organize units to take advan...

M. P. Gilroy

1998-01-01

189

The Economic History of the American Economic Review: A Century's Explosion of Economics Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Written in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the American Economic Review, this paper recounts the history of the journal. The recounting has an analytic core that sees the American Economic Association as an organization supplying goods and services to its members, one of which is the Review. Early in its history the Review was a multipurpose publication with highly

Robert A. Margo

2011-01-01

190

Women in American Labor History: Course Module, Trade Union Women's Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of working women in American labor history from colonial times to the present is the topic of this learning module. Intended predominantly as a course outline, the module can also be used to supplement courses in social, labor, or American history. Information is presented on economic and political influences, employment of women,…

Kopelov, Connie

191

American Indian Women: Sorting through Myth and History. A Study of American Indian Women, Stereotypes, and Education in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The following study was conducted to examine existing research in education regarding the development of stereotypes in children, analyze historical documents and research to acquire an accurate portrayal of American Indian women, and determine if secondary social studies students lack adequate knowledge about the history of American Indian…

Attardo, Jessica L.

2005-01-01

192

Listen Up: Studying the American Labor Movement through Oral Histories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Oral histories are an exciting way to directly involve students in the act of historical inquiry. They assist students in personalizing history and relating to the actual lives behind major events, names, and dates in history. This article discusses the benefits of using oral histories in the classroom. It describes how to use "Oral Histories of…

Bolick, Cheryl Mason; Norberg, Lisa; Durbin, Dayna

2007-01-01

193

U.S. military enlisted accession mental health screening: history and current practice.  

PubMed

Through the stimulus of war and concerns about neuropsychiatric disability, the U.S. military developed methods to rapidly screen the mental health of World War I and II draftees. Intelligence testing and brief psychiatric screening expanded the accession physical examination and underwent revision to identify only gross mental health disability. Supplemental psychiatric evaluations and written psychological screening tools were abandoned after postwar assessments; they demonstrated poor predictive power in evaluating recruit service capacity for combat environments. Currently, only three mental health accession tools are used to screen applicants before their entrance into military service, namely, educational achievement, cognitive testing, and a cursory psychiatric evaluation. The Navy and Air Force use a fourth screening measure during entry-level training. Educational attainment with high school graduation has been the strongest predictor of finishing a service term. The purpose of this article is to provide both a historical review and a review of testing efforts. PMID:17274262

Cardona, Robert Andrew; Ritchie, Elspeth Cameron

2007-01-01

194

Patterns of Life-History Diversification in North American Fishes: implications for Population Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Winemiller, K. 0., and K. A. Rose. 1992. Patterns of life-history diversification in North American fishes: impli- cations for population regulation. Can.). Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49: 2196-2218. Interspecific patterns of fish life histories were evaluated in relation to several theoretical models of life-history evolution. Data were gathered for 216 North American fish species (57 families) to explore relationships among variables

Kirk O. Winemiller; Kenneth A. Rose

1992-01-01

195

Asymmetric Male and Female Genetic Histories among Native Americans from Eastern North America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have investigated the human population history of eastern North America by examining mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation among Native Americans, but these studies could only reconstruct maternal population history. To evaluate similarities and differences in the maternal and paternal population histories of this region, we obtained DNA samples from 605 individuals, representing 16 indigenous populations. After amplifying the amelogenin

Deborah A. Bolnick; Daniel I. Bolnick; David Glenn Smith

2006-01-01

196

75 FR 58426 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Park Service Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art, Tulsa, OK...intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art...

2010-09-24

197

Other American Way of War: Unlimited and Irregular Warfare in the Colonial Military Tradition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This dissertation examines the evolution of an Anglo-American pattern of unlimited-irregular war over the colonial and revolutionary periods. War against noncombatants emerged as a central part of American warcraft in the seventeenth century. Starting wit...

J. E. Grenier

1999-01-01

198

South American Summer Monsoon history recorded in Brazilian speleothems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have obtained three high-resolution oxygen isotopic records of cave calcites from Caverna Botuverá, southern Brazil, Gruta do Padre, central Brazil, and Caverna Paraíso, Amazonian Brazil. All three records have chronologies determined by U-Th dates and span the last 90, 20 and 50 thousand years, respectively. Tests for equilibrium conditions show that their oxygen isotopic variations are primarily caused by climate change. The three records thus can provide information about precipitation history and fluctuations of the South American Summer Monsoon along a latitudinal transect from 28° S to 4° S. During the last glacial period, the three oxygen isotopic profiles show abrupt millennial-scale variations, which are anti- correlated with the Chinese speleothem monsoon records and northern high-latitude ice core records. This is likely related to the displacement of the mean position of the intertropical convergence zone and associated asymmetry of Hadley cells, consistent with an oceanic meridional overturning circulation mechanism for driving the abrupt climate events. However, the three records show distinct isotopic patterns in Holocene epoch. The ?18O values in the Botuvera record decrease steadily throughout Holocene, while in the Padre record, the ?18O drops slightly until ~6-7 thousand years ago and then gradually increases until the present. The Paraiso Holocene record is similar to the Padre one, but with a much greater amplitude. Together with Andean ice core and lake records, our observations suggest asynchronous changes in Holocene monsoonal precipitation in South America, possibly related to strengthened zonal tropical air-sea interactions after the melting of the large northern ice sheets.

Wang, X.; Auler, A. S.; Edwards, R. L.; Cheng, H.

2008-12-01

199

Military experience strongly influences post-service eating behavior and BMI status in American veterans.  

PubMed

In-depth interviews were conducted with veterans (n=64) with an average age of 57 years to investigate eating behavior and food insecurity during military service and examine if it affects post-war eating behavior, and if this contributes to the high incidence of obesity found in veterans. About half of the subjects served during the Vietnam War, while smaller numbers served in WWII, the Korean War, Desert Storm, or other conflicts. The mean BMI was 30.5+/-6.7 kg/m(2). Only 12.5% of participants were classified as normal weight, while 37.5% were overweight, 46.9% were obese, and 3.1% were classified as excessively obese. Five major themes were identified including, (a) military service impacts soldier's food environment, (b) food insecurity influences eating behavior and food choices, (c) military impacts weight status during and post-service, (d) military service has health consequences, and (e) post-service re-adjustment solutions are needed to ease re-entry into civilian life. PMID:19013204

Smith, Chery; Klosterbuer, Abby; Levine, Allen S

2008-11-01

200

Post-Cold War Wargaming and the American Military Leadership Challenge.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the first decade of the post-Cold War era, the United States military engaged a surprisingly unfamiliar and unstable international community on a variety of fronts. In light of these engagements, the Department of Defense (DOD) enacted several init...

R. T. Culkin

1999-01-01

201

Historical Literacy: The Case for History in American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Bradley Commission on History in Schools was created in 1987 specifically in response to the widespread concern over the inadequacy, both in quantity and in quality, of the history taught in elementary and secondary school classrooms. This book explores the conditions that contribute to, or impede, the effective teaching of history in…

Gagnon, Paul, Ed.

202

The history and evolution of traumatic brain injury rehabilitation in military service members and veterans.  

PubMed

The field of traumatic brain injury has evolved since the time of the Civil War in response to the needs of patients with injuries and disabilities resulting from war. The Department of Veterans Affairs and the Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center have been in the forefront of the development of the interdisciplinary approach to the rehabilitation of soldiers with traumatic brain injury, particularly those injured from the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. The objectives of this literature review are to examine how the casualties resulting from major wars in the past led to the establishment of the current model of evaluation and treatment of traumatic brain injury and to review how the field has expanded in response to the growing cohort of military service members and veterans with TBI. PMID:20647782

Cifu, David X; Cohen, Sara I; Lew, Henry L; Jaffee, Michael; Sigford, Barbara

2010-08-01

203

An academic genealogy on the history of American field primatologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present the academic genealogy of American field primatologists. The genealogy has been compiled to formally document the historical rec- ord of this young field. Data have been collected from three main sources: 1) e-mail surveys, 2) library and Inter- net research, and 3) verbal communication through forums such as American Association of Physical Anthropology meetings. Lineages

Elizabeth A. Kelley; Robert W. Sussman

2007-01-01

204

Negation and the History of African American English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of negation in three corpora representative of early to mid-19th-century African American English. The study examines the negative form "ain't," negative concord to indefinites and verbs, negative inversion and negative postposing. Findings reveal that the negation system of early African American English derived directly from…

Howe, Darin M.

1997-01-01

205

Teaching the History of Hispanic-American Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes important issues for understanding Latin American women. Concluded that while Latin American women were not equal to men, their inferiority was tempered by power resources available to them: relatives, ownership of property, participation in the labor force, and the church and courts. A course syllabus is included. (Author/DB)|

Arrom, Silvia Marina

1980-01-01

206

Making Sense of the APA: A History of the Relationship Between Psychology and the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Psychological Association (APA) has been steadfast in its position that psychologists must have the right to participate in interrogations in U.S.-run illegal detention centers. One wonders why the APA is so resolute in this view especially in light of the opposition to involvement in these sites by all other relevant professional organizations. This paper offers an answer to

Frank Summers

2008-01-01

207

Teaching the History and Culture of the Mexican American in Social Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|General references, curricular references, textbook and supplementary references provide the Social Studies teacher suggestions for materials to be used in an integrated approach to teaching the history and culture of the Mexican American. (SHM)|

Psencik, Leroy F.

1972-01-01

208

Breast cancer screening behaviors among African American women with a strong family history of breast cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background.Despite the importance of breast cancer screening to reduce morbidity and mortality, limited information is available on screening practices among African American women with a family history that is suggestive of hereditary breast cancer.

Chanita Hughes Halbert; Lisa Kessler; E. Paul Wileyto; Benita Weathers; Jill Stopfer; Susan Domchek; Aliya Collier; Kiyona Brewster

2006-01-01

209

Mammography Screening Among African-American Women with a Family History of Breast Cancer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Comparisons were made between African-American women with and without a family history of breast cancer with respect to mammography screening, attitudes towards mammography screening, and perceptions of risk and concerns about breast cancer. Screening beh...

I. Lipkus

1997-01-01

210

Rage against the machine: The university-military-industrial complex and contemporary American culture and democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how five late twentieth and early twenty-first century authors – Don DeLillo, Rebekah Nathan, Richard Rodriguez, Jane Smiley, and Tom Wolfe – use one of their respective books to reflect on and shape what has come to be called the University-Military-Industrial Complex (UMIC). Specifically, it explores how different literary works interpret, instantiate, challenge and attempt to reconfigure

Andrew Karl Koch

2008-01-01

211

Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

European American (EA) women report greater body dissatisfaction and less dietary control than do African American (AA) women. This study investigated whether ethnic differences in dieting history contributed to differences in body dissatisfaction and dietary control, or to differential changes that may occur during weight loss and regain. Eighty-nine EA and AA women underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure body

Paula C. Chandler-Laney; Gary R. Hunter; Nikki C. Bush; Jessica A. Alvarez; Jane L. Roy; Nuala M. Byrne; Barbara A. Gower

2009-01-01

212

The Economic History of the American Economic Review : A Century's Explosion of Economics Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Written in celebration of the upcoming 100th anniversary of the American Economic Review<\\/i> (February 2011), this paper recounts the history of the journal. The recounting has an analytic core that sees the American Economic Association as an organization supplying goods and services to its members, one of which is the AER. Early in its history the AER was a multi-purpose

Robert A. Margo

2010-01-01

213

The Making and Re-making of Jewish-American Literary History  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until ten to fifteen years ago, Jewish American literary history was construed and described in overwhelmingly mid-twentieth-century masculine terms. As a corrective to this longstanding trend, this essay undertakes to “remake” Jewish American literary history in feminist terms. First, in an act of feminist “readerly resistance,” it surveys recent efforts to remake the canon to include women writers and to

Wendy Zierler

2009-01-01

214

A history of radiologic pathology correlation at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology and its evolution into the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology.  

PubMed

The evolution of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) has played an important role in the history of pathology education and in radiologic pathology correlation in the United States. From its humble beginnings as a museum, showcasing dried and varnished morbid specimens--human relics of the Civil War, the institute became a leader in pathology. Later, it became a center of instruction for radiology residents seeking to understand the pathologic findings that underlay the radiologic appearance of disease. Images were gathered by the AFIP and the American Registry of Pathology (ARP) and have been used in research and education in radiology and other fields (ophthalmology, otalaryngology, dermatology, obstetrics and gynecology, and surgery). Despite the contributions of the AFIP, the ARP, and the Radiologic Pathology Correlation Course, high-ranking members of the military and the federal government frowned on a military-owned educational system that also served civilians. Although support from the radiology community dissuaded military officers and federal officials from taking action against the participation of civilians, the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) provisions mandated the disestablishment of the AFIP, forcing the redistribution of some of its resources to other military-only organizations and disbanding other AFIP functions. To ensure that the correlation course, known to radiology residents as the "rad-path" course, was not a casualty of the BRAC, the American College of Radiology (ACR) and leaders of the AFIP and ARP agreed that the ACR should continue this vital educational endeavor. In January 2011, the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology of the ACR debuted and successfully instructed 268 radiology residents, including 40 international residents. The faculty and staff, who had been part of the course at the AFIP, continue to help enrich and improve the course established by their predecessors. PMID:22187632

Murphey, Mark D; Madewell, John E; Olmsted, William W; Ros, Pablo R; Neiman, Harvey L

2011-12-20

215

Black Chronicle: An American History Textbook Supplement. Third Edition. Bulletin No. 91546.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, a revision and updating of a work first published under the same title in 1974, presents a detailed chronological history of African Americans in the United States. The description begins with the origins of Homo sapiens in Africa, and traces the African American story from slavery in North America through the U.S. Civil War, the…

Kailin, Clarence S.

216

An Incomplete History: Representation of American Indians in State Social Studies Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using an interpretive analysis, American history standards from nine states that incorporate high-stakes assessments in social studies are analyzed for their representation of American Indians. Research on high-stakes assessments shows that teachers are more likely to align their instruction with state standards due to mounting pressure to…

Journell, Wayne

2009-01-01

217

History of North American Donor Milk Banking: One Hundred Years of Progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 100 years, North American milk banking has evolved from an idea to a sophisticated process. The early history of establishment of North American banks, including screening processes undertaken, provides the basis for current procedures in modern banks. Increased research and technological improvements have also dramatically changed modern screening procedures. Human milk banks have waxed and waned through

Frances Jones

2003-01-01

218

From Private Prosecution to Plea Bargaining: Criminal Prosecution, the District Attorney, and American Legal History  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the general assumption that the gates of the American criminal justice process have always been guarded by public prosecutors, an examination of the case law and social history of criminal prosecution suggests a much more complex transformation of American criminal justice from an eighteenth and early ninteenth century system dominated by private prosecution. In Philadelphia, this system of private

Allen Steinberg

1984-01-01

219

Misplaced Multiculturalism: Representations of American Indians in U.S. History Academic Content Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative textual analysis investigates the ideological lenses through which U.S. History content standards for grades 5-12 for Arizona and Washington frame interactions between American Indians and European Americans during U.S. national development. The study's multiperspective critical conceptual framework interrogates the standards not…

Anderson, Carl B.

2012-01-01

220

The "New Ethnicity" and American History: Wisconsin as a Test Case.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tests four historical propositions of ethnic partisans by reference to the history of Wisconsin. The propositions are: racism is a disease of Americans of British ancestry; foreign born won the Civil War for the North; Americanization is "really Waspification;" and the melting pot is a comparatively recent myth. (RM)

Current, Richard N.

1981-01-01

221

Doing History by the Decade: A Pattern in American Historiography, 1930-1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses ways in which American historians have conceptualized recent American history as a series of distinct decades and have used economic and other quantitative data, political movements and personalities, and data lying beyond the realm of political economy as evidence for the quality of life in a given decade. (RM)|

Noggle, Burl

1983-01-01

222

In Labor's Cause: Main Themes on the History of the American Worker  

Microsoft Academic Search

These extended essays by one of the preeminent scholars in U.S. labor history discuss central questions in the field, from the colonial period to the present: What do the first demands for a fixed workday tell us about how early American workers experienced the beginnings of the industrial revolution? Why did American labor politics never manage to break the grip

David Brody

1995-01-01

223

Misplaced Multiculturalism: Representations of American Indians in U.S. History Academic Content Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative textual analysis investigates the ideological lenses through which U.S. History content standards for grades 5-12 for Arizona and Washington frame interactions between American Indians and European Americans during U.S. national development. The study's multiperspective critical conceptual framework interrogates the standards not…

Anderson, Carl B.

2012-01-01

224

Wound shock: a history of its study and treatment by military surgeons.  

PubMed

The treatment of wounds has received considerable attention from the time of the Trojan War. However, it was not until the American Civil War that shock was described as an entity distinct from the wounds themselves and that efforts were directed at more than just treatment of the wound. The need for fluid resuscitation in the treatment of hemorrhagic shock was first recognized in the Spanish American War, as was the association of sepsis with shock. World War I showed the need for blood in the treatment of "wound shock," a lesson that had to be relearned in World War II through bitter experience. Studies in the Korean War described the concept of disseminated intravascular coagulation and multiple organ failure, and the existence of disseminated intravascular coagulation was confirmed by studies in Vietnam. The treatment of hemorrhagic shock is now very effective, but the treatment of traumatic and septic shock remains unsatisfactory. PMID:15132226

Hardaway, Robert M

2004-04-01

225

Natural History of the Central American Agouti (Dasyprocta Punctata).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report the behavioral ecology of the Central American agouti (Dasyprocta punctata), a large caviomorph rodent, living on Barro Colorado Island in the Panama Canal Zone is described. This two phase study includes social structure, activity patterns...

N. Smythe

1978-01-01

226

Taking on History: Children's Perspectives on Performing the American Past  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation explores how children (ages five-twelve) engage with the past through performance. Three case studies treating nineteenth-century western US history yield information about a spectrum of performance activities ranging from living history to community theatre to doll play. Reflecting on Richard Schechner's concept of "restored…

Hatton, Oona Elizabeth Kersey

2010-01-01

227

Whose History? The Struggle for National Standards in American Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the 1990s the debate over what and whose history should be taught in U.S. schools resonated through the halls of the U.S. Congress, the national press, and the nation's schools. Some politicians and pundits denounced the findings of the National Standards for History, which subsequently became a major battleground in the nation's ongoing…

Symcox, Linda

228

Course of Study: Afro-American History. Grades 11 and 12. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary level units, written in outline form, present the historical influence and significance of blacks in American history. Information is arranged into two major parts: Part one offers a chronological approach to black history; Part two presents a topical approach. Part one includes 14 units. Units I, II, and III discuss a rationale for a…

Pittsburgh School District, PA.

229

The Indian in American History -The Sacred Tree Still Lives. A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this teacher's guide is to provide some necessary tools in order to expand and up-date courses in American history, with an emphasis on the major role of the original inhabitants of North America in the shaping of history. It is hoped the guide will enable the teacher to expand the high school students' historical viewpoint, and…

Spaulding, Sandra Lakota; Rouillard, John Caske

230

Changing Populations Through Immigration, Episode VII. Resource Material Development: Population Dynamics in Eighth Grade American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the seventh unit in a series that introduces population concepts into the eighth grade American history curriculum. (See SO 013 782 for an overview of the guide.) In Episode VII, the history topic is America becomes a world power. Objectives are to help the student to (1) emphasize the forming of a conceptual understanding of the terms…

Massialas, Byron G.; And Others

231

Introducing the German Genre of Conceptual History to an Anglo-American Audience  

Microsoft Academic Search

n his book The History of Political and Social Concepts: A Critical Introduction, Melvin Richter sets out to offer English- speaking audiences the possibility to acquaint themselves with history of concepts as written by German historians. He advocates that Anglo-American historians can learn much from the approaches, systematic methods and variety of sources of the German genre. He himself states

Adriana Cavarero

232

Industries, Cities and People, Episode VI. Resource Material Development: Population Dynamics in Eighth Grade American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the sixth unit in a series that introduces population concepts into the eighth grade American history curriculum. (See SO 013 782 for an overview of the guide.) In Episode VI, the history topic is the rise of the cities and industrialization. This unit has five segments. Objectives are to help the student to (1) examine the lifestyles of…

Massialas, Byron G.; And Others

233

Oral History and American Advertising: How the "Pepsi Generation" Came Alive.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a project in which the Archives Center of the National Museum of American History and the George Meany Memorial Archives analyzed a collection of advertising materials of the Pepsi-Cola USA company and conducted interviews to gather historically valuable information concerning the company. Valuable social history information was…

Dreyfus, Carol; Connors, Thomas

1985-01-01

234

The New Gateway, An Old Paradox: Immigrants and Involuntary Americans in North Carolina History Textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors conducted a content analysis of North Carolina history textbooks to explore how the definition of immigration has changed over the last century. They also examined how immigrant groups and involuntary Americans have been portrayed throughout the state's history. Findings suggest that as a burgeoning gateway state for immigrants, North Carolina's definition for immigration was slow to evolve and

Jeremy Hilburn; Paul G. Fitchett

2012-01-01

235

The New Gateway, an Old Paradox: Immigrants and Involuntary Americans in North Carolina History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors conducted a content analysis of North Carolina history textbooks to explore how the definition of immigration has changed over the last century. They also examined how immigrant groups and involuntary Americans have been portrayed throughout the state's history. Findings suggest that as a burgeoning gateway state for immigrants, North…

Hilburn, Jeremy; Fitchett, Paul G.

2012-01-01

236

Oral History and American Advertising: How the "Pepsi Generation" Came Alive.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Described is a project in which the Archives Center of the National Museum of American History and the George Meany Memorial Archives analyzed a collection of advertising materials of the Pepsi-Cola USA company and conducted interviews to gather historically valuable information concerning the company. Valuable social history information was…

Dreyfus, Carol; Connors, Thomas

1985-01-01

237

Deconstructing Black History Month: Three African American Boys' Exploration of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Every February, schools celebrate Black History Month and teachers teach the grand narrative of famous African Americans such as Martin Luther King, Jr. While the stories communicate bravery, they are also about racism and violence. Here, through narrative inquiry, a teacher deconstructs Black History Month, inviting student responses to stories…

Landa, Melissa Hare

2012-01-01

238

Discrimination History, Backlash Fear, and Ethnic Identity among Arab Americans: Post-9/11 Snapshots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examined discrimination history, backlash fear, and ethnic identity of Arab Americans nationally at 3 times, beginning shortly after September 11, 2001. Relations between variables were moderate, and discrimination history and backlash fear were statistically significant predictors of ethnic identity. Implications for acculturation…

Nassar-McMillan, Sylvia C.; Lambert, Richard G.; Hakim-Larson, Julie

2011-01-01

239

American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering-Military Collaboration: Bioengineering Challenges of Brain Trauma Conference.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On February 20, 2008, the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE) held a meeting in conjunction with the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Commands Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC) titled AIMBE-Mil...

J. Ayers

2008-01-01

240

Black American Radicalism and the First World War: The Secret Files of the Military Intelligence Division  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1986, the National Archives released previously classified material regarding U.S. Army surveillance of African-Americans from 1917 to 1941. The documents relate primarily to the First World War and the immediate post-war years. U.S. Army surveillance of American citizens is not an especially startling revelation; however, what is remarkable is the fact that a principal officer charged with \\

Wray R. Johnson

1999-01-01

241

Spanish-American War to Vietnam: Booklet 4. Critical Thinking in American History. Teacher's Guide, Source Envelope, [and Student Manual].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These curriculum materials in U.S. history are part of a series designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically. The teacher's guide presents a series of supplementary ready-to-use lesson plans for teaching high school students about the Spanish-American War, the Depression era, the cold war, and post-World War II issues. The…

O'Reilly, Kevin

242

Working in America, Part III. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The learning module is the third in a series which examines American history in light of industrial development and expansion. Presented in field test condition to allow for feedback from students and teachers, the booklet explores the welfare state and minority employment through presentation of an extensive teacher background section and 10…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of General Education Curriculum Development.

243

Working in America, Part II. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The module is the second in a series which examines American history in light of industrial development and expansion. Presented in field test condition to allow for feedback from students and teachers, the booklet explores organization of the labor force through presentation of 10 class exercises. The first section presents a background…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of General Education Curriculum Development.

244

The Land of Plenty. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three secondary level learning modules provide perspective on U.S. history and current issues in terms of land-use problems and case studies. Teaching strategies for this topic are presented in booklet form as one of a set of materials based on topics identified by the American Issues Forum. Readings and questions guide students through three…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of General Education.

245

A history of the American College of Medical Quality.  

PubMed

The American College of Medical Quality is a national organization of health care professionals who are interested in the advancement of medical quality as a field. Composed primarily of doctorate-level individuals in medicine, dentistry, and podiatry, it also includes affiliate members in preprofessional training as well as nursing. Origins of the organization date to 1973, when it was first called the American College of Utilization Review Physicians. It is formally recognized by the American Medical Association and holds a seat in its House of Delegates. The College views the advancement of medical quality as a field of study within itself and offers multiple venues for self-education, testing, and professional networking for its members. Recently, rising national awareness of quality in health care as a field of endeavor has elevated enrollment levels and increased interest in the organization. PMID:21224479

Fetterolf, Donald; Brodie, Bridget

246

A stranger to our camps: Typhus in American history.  

PubMed

Medical observers during the American Civil War were happily surprised to find that typhus fever rarely made an appearance, and was not a major killer in the prisoner-of-war camps where the crowded, filthy, and malnourished populations appeared to offer an ideal breeding ground for the disease. Through a review of apparent typhus outbreaks in America north of the Mexican border, this article argues that typhus fever rarely if ever extended to the established populations of the United States, even when imported on immigrant ships into densely populated and unsanitary slums. It suggests that something in the American environment was inhospitable to the extensive spread of the disease, most likely an unrecognized difference in the North American louse population compared to that of Europe. PMID:16809864

Humphreys, Margaret

2006-01-01

247

Return to Old Times: Rural Romanticism in American Education History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the rural-urban dichotomy that regularly surfaces in educational history and argues that a full understanding of the role of cities is needed to overcome a rural romanticism that ill-serves public education policy. (CMG)

Warren, Donald

1984-01-01

248

The History and Future of the Southern Bible Institute: A Post-Secondary School of Biblical Studies for African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States of America has a long history in higher education, but one area of its history not exhausted through research involves higher education for African Americans. Specifically, higher education for African Americans in the area of theology or biblical studies presents numerous opportunities for further research. Soon after the enslaved African Americans were freed in 1863 as a

Michael Cooks

2010-01-01

249

A History of Education of Afro-Americans in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is a collection of readings selected to present an historical overview of the educative experiences of Afro-Americans. The essays focus upon social, economic, and political factors which have conditioned educational opportunities for blacks in this country. The work is divided into four sections. "Education in Ante Bellum America" deals…

Walker, Mae

250

The Study of African American History Through Art  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though written with a kindergarten class in mind, this unit could be used with any primary grade. If you are working with second grade or older, I feel the Addy books from the American Girls Series coincide nicely with the unit. The weekly lessons follow a timeline beginning with the 1600s and ending with present day. At the completion of

Judith A. Lutz

251

Teaching Magna Carta in American History: Land, Law, and Legacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Magna Carta, that great cornerstone of American liberty, has been in the news lately. Put up for sale by three-time U.S. Presidential candidate Ross Perot in December 2007, the 1297 version of Magna Carta displayed in the National Archives was sold to financier David Rubenstein for $21.3 million. While its sale demonstrates the cash value of the…

Saxe, David W.

2010-01-01

252

Revolutions: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Teaching Printmaking and Latin American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As part of a U.S. Department of Education grant to expand Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Albright College, the authors of this article, one a historian and one an artist, teamed up to teach a course called Revolutions: Art and Revolution in Latin America. In the class, they proposed to combine a studio art printmaking class with Latin…

Kiddy, Elizabeth; Woodward, Kristen T.

2013-01-01

253

New Perspectives on the History of American Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examinations of the etymology of American Sign Language have typically involved superficial analyses of signs as they exist over a short period of time. While it is widely known that ASL is related to French Sign Language, there has yet to be a comprehensive study of this historic relationship between their lexicons. This article presents…

Shaw, Emily; Delaporte, Yves

2011-01-01

254

New Perspectives on the History of American Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examinations of the etymology of American Sign Language have typically involved superficial analyses of signs as they exist over a short period of time. While it is widely known that ASL is related to French Sign Language, there has yet to be a comprehensive study of this historic relationship between their lexicons. This article presents…

Shaw, Emily; Delaporte, Yves

2011-01-01

255

Native American History, Culture Gaining Traction in State Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, the Montana Constitution has made preservation of American Indian culture an explicit educational goal. Educators did little about it until 2004, when the state supreme court ruled that Montana had ignored its responsibility to teach about the state's seven tribes. That ruling jump-started an effort that has yielded curriculum…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2008-01-01

256

The American Journal of Dance Therapy : Its History and Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

An historical overview of the development of the American Journal of Dance Therapy is provided to honor the Journal's 25th anniversary. Significant changes in organization, content, and format over the years, and trends in content are noted. These are viewed by the author as reflecting changes in the profession of dance\\/movement therapy, as well as in the evolution of the

Arlynne Stark

2002-01-01

257

Women's Suffrage, Political Responsiveness, and Child Survival in American History  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women's choices appear to emphasize child welfare more than those of men. This paper presents new evidence on how suffrage rights for American women helped children to benefit from the scientific breakthroughs of the bacteriological revolution. Consistent with standard models of electoral competition, suffrage laws were followed by immediate shifts in legislative behavior and large, sudden increases in local public

Grant Miller

2008-01-01

258

The History of American Journalism. Scholastic Journalism Gazette, Vol. XII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 18 brief, informative news stories with datelines from the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries is intended to provide students with an understanding of how the press has helped to develop and has been the beneficiary of many of the freedoms all Americans enjoy. The collection can also be used in a straight historical context as the…

Shuman, James, Ed.

259

Heritage of Struggle. A History of American Working People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The materials in this pamphlet describe the difficulties encountered by various racial and ethnic groups as they attempted to become assimilated into the American labor force. The experiences and problems faced by blacks, Jews, and immigrants from England, Ireland, the Scandinavian countries, China, Italy, and Puerto Rico are described in an…

Harris, Howard

260

Revolutions: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Teaching Printmaking and Latin American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a U.S. Department of Education grant to expand Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Albright College, the authors of this article, one a historian and one an artist, teamed up to teach a course called Revolutions: Art and Revolution in Latin America. In the class, they proposed to combine a studio art printmaking class with Latin…

Kiddy, Elizabeth; Woodward, Kristen T.

2013-01-01

261

Military Service and Economic Mobility: Evidence from the American Civil War  

PubMed Central

How did geographic and occupational mobility after the Civil War differ between Union Army veterans and nonveterans? By 1880, Union veterans were more likely to migrate to a different state or region than nonveterans. The higher geographic mobility of veterans is likely attributable to their experience of traveling away from their hometowns while in service. Union veterans who held unskilled jobs prior to enlistment were more likely to move up to white-collar or farming jobs by 1880 than unskilled nonveterans. In contrast, unskilled veterans were less likely to become artisans than nonveterans. The differences in occupational mobility by veteran status might be explained by the effects of military experiences such as learning from comrades in the company.

2012-01-01

262

Military Service and Economic Mobility: Evidence from the American Civil War.  

PubMed

How did geographic and occupational mobility after the Civil War differ between Union Army veterans and nonveterans? By 1880, Union veterans were more likely to migrate to a different state or region than nonveterans. The higher geographic mobility of veterans is likely attributable to their experience of traveling away from their hometowns while in service. Union veterans who held unskilled jobs prior to enlistment were more likely to move up to white-collar or farming jobs by 1880 than unskilled nonveterans. In contrast, unskilled veterans were less likely to become artisans than nonveterans. The differences in occupational mobility by veteran status might be explained by the effects of military experiences such as learning from comrades in the company. PMID:23275679

Lee, Chulhee

2012-07-01

263

Petty Despots and Executive Officials: Civil-Military Relations in the Early American Navy  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a new nation, the United States lacked the long naval traditions of the other powers of the time, particularly Great Britain. When Congress created a naval force in 1794, the country had to rely on its first officers to form the traditions of the service and lay the foundations of the American Navy. These first officers bequeathed to their

Thomas Sheppard

2010-01-01

264

“Censorship liberally administered”: Press, U.S. military relations in the Spanish?American War  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a reappraisal of press censorship during the Spanish?American War of 1898. The accounts of censors and correspondents written during or shortly after the war are compared to answer three questions: How did the censorship system work? What factors caused its effectiveness to vary? How did the press respond? The study argues that the war's most effective censors

Randall S. Sumpter

1999-01-01

265

Mexican Military and Political Transition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis assesses the future of Mexican civil-military relations. Mexico is unique among Latin American nations for its professionalized and depoliticized military. While the Mexican Armed Forces have shunned an active role in politics since 1940, they...

R. C. Bedingfield

1992-01-01

266

Military Culture. A Paradigm Shift?  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this study, Lt Col Karen O. Dunivin, USAF, examines social change in American military culture and explores the current struggle between the military's traditional and exclusionary combat, masculine-warrior (CMW) paradigm or belief system and the contr...

K. O. Dunivin

1997-01-01

267

Military Culture a Paradigm Shift.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines social change in American military culture. Briefly, the analysis explores the current battle between the military's traditional 'combat, masculine-warrior' (or CMW) paradigm of exclusion and the contradictory 'evolving' model of cultu...

K. O. Dunivin

1996-01-01

268

Understanding the Gender Gap: An Economic History of American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a unique set of data drawn from the US census, statistics, city directories, and other sources, the author looks at the differences between men and women in the US labour force. She shows that the `gender gap' in income and job level that has existed throughout history cannot be explained simply as a matter of sex discrimination, nor as

Claudia Goldin

1990-01-01

269

Reading African American History and the Civil Rights Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that resources for the King holiday and Black History Month abound, and many Web sites provide interesting information along with reading lists for teachers and students. Discusses about 20 books that the author has read most recently or has found to be worth rereading. (SG)|

Crowe, Chris

2003-01-01

270

Teaching about Women and Underdevelopment in Latin American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latin America, the most advanced of the underdeveloped regions of the world, is a perfect showcase for exploring the contradictions that come into play when the historical construction of gender clashes with economic practice. The history of modern Latin America shows that economic development can actually work to the detriment of women. The most…

Pino, Julio Cesar

2001-01-01

271

Teaching about Women and Underdevelopment in Latin American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Latin America, the most advanced of the underdeveloped regions of the world, is a perfect showcase for exploring the contradictions that come into play when the historical construction of gender clashes with economic practice. The history of modern Latin America shows that economic development can actually work to the detriment of women. The most…

Pino, Julio Cesar

2001-01-01

272

Cultural Valorization and African American Literary History: Reconstructing the Canon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The determinants of and variations in processes of cultural valorization are of increasing interest to sociologists. In the case of high-culture literary texts, the central evaluation process takes place through canon formation. We explore the mechanisms of canon formation and of cultural valorization processes more generally by analyzing the critical history of Zora Neale Hurston's novel Their Eyes Were Watching

Sarah M. Corse; Monica D. Griffin

1997-01-01

273

American Spaceflight History's Master Narrative and the Meaning of Memory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The term master narrative typically refers to a set of sociocultural interpretations of events agreed upon by most of the interpreters of the event or age, and these are abundantly apparent when considering the history of the Space age. It may be argued t...

R. D. Launius

2008-01-01

274

The Big Test: The Secret History of the American Meritocracy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the United States today tests of the ability to perform well in school divide society and define opportunity. Higher education has become a major focus of aspirations people hold for their children, and educational testing determines who qualifies for higher education. This history recounts the development of intelligence testing and its early…

Lemann, Nicholas

275

Consortium for Health and Military Performance and American College of Sports Medicine consensus paper on extreme conditioning programs in military personnel.  

PubMed

A potential emerging problem associated with increasingly popularized extreme conditioning programs (ECPs) has been identified by the military and civilian communities. That is, there is an apparent disproportionate musculoskeletal injury risk from these demanding programs, particularly for novice participants, resulting in lost duty time, medical treatment, and extensive rehabilitation. This is a significant and costly concern for the military with regard to effectively maintaining operational readiness of the Force. While there are certain recognized positive aspects of ECPs that address a perceived and/or actual unfulfilled conditioning need for many individuals and military units, these programs have limitations and should be considered carefully. Moreover, certain distinctive characteristics of ECPs appear to violate recognized accepted standards for safely and appropriately developing muscular fitness and are not uniformly aligned with established and accepted training doctrine. Accordingly, practical solutions to improve ECP prescription and implementation and reduce injury risk are of paramount importance. PMID:22071400

Bergeron, Michael F; Nindl, Bradley C; Deuster, Patricia A; Baumgartner, Neal; Kane, Shawn F; Kraemer, William J; Sexauer, Lisa R; Thompson, Walter R; O'Connor, Francis G

276

War and Military Power Reconstructed - The Revolution in Military Affairs and the Global War on Terror as American Projects to Reconstruct the Constitutive Elements of War and Military power  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the demise of the Cold War the traditional sedimented foundations of estimating and generating military power within the international system became challenged. Simi- larly, the very 'essence' of war has undergone a change during the last two decades. As the probability of large-scale military invasion decreased significantly at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s, states had to come

Jyri Raitasalo

277

Integrating Women's History into an Early American History Course: Three Lesson Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors present three lesson ideas that integrate women's history into the curriculum and that support the development of important social studies skills. The first lesson, for teachers to use at the beginning of the school year, encourages students to think critically about the nature of history and the importance of understanding the point…

Bair, Sarah; Williams, Lisa; Fralinger, Meghan

2008-01-01

278

Integrating Women's History into an Early American History Course: Three Lesson Ideas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present three lesson ideas that integrate women's history into the curriculum and that support the development of important social studies skills. The first lesson, for teachers to use at the beginning of the school year, encourages students to think critically about the nature of history and the importance of understanding the point of view of those portrayed in

Sarah Bair; Lisa Williams; Meghan Fralinger

2008-01-01

279

WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE, POLITICAL RESPONSIVENESS, AND CHILD SURVIVAL IN AMERICAN HISTORY*  

PubMed Central

Women’s choices appear to emphasize child welfare more than those of men. This paper presents new evidence on how suffrage rights for American women helped children to benefit from the scientific breakthroughs of the bacteriological revolution. Consistent with standard models of electoral competition, suffrage laws were followed by immediate shifts in legislative behavior and large, sudden increases in local public health spending. This growth in public health spending fueled large-scale door-to-door hygiene campaigns, and child mortality declined by 8-15% (or 20,000 annual child deaths nationwide) as cause-specific reductions occurred exclusively among infectious childhood killers sensitive to hygienic conditions.

Miller, Grant

2010-01-01

280

Pavloviana in the USA: Archives of the history of American psychology, university of Akron  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper represents one step in the effort to locate, examine, and make generally available archival materials related to\\u000a the life and work of I. P. Pavlov and held outside the Soviet Union, in particular in the United States. The Archives of the\\u000a History of American Psychology contain fairly extensive correspondence among American psychologists, with informative references\\u000a to Pavlov, including

Joseph Brozek; Marion White McPherson

1973-01-01

281

Relationship between development of diabetes and family history by gender in Japanese-Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japanese-Americans are more highly exposed to environmental factors related to diabetes, specifically a westernized lifestyle, compared with Japanese living in Japan. We investigated the relationship between family history and development of type 2 diabetes by gender in the westernized environment. Nine-hundred-and-sixty non-diabetic Japanese-American subjects who underwent the 75 g oral glucose tolerance test were followed for 6.8±0.1 years (mean±standard error).

Shuhei Nakanishi; Kiminori Yamane; Nozomu Kamei; Masamichi Okubo; Nobuoki Kohno

2003-01-01

282

Korean American High School Students’ Perspectives on U.S. History  

Microsoft Academic Search

Along with the ever-increasing racial\\/ethnic diversity in U.S. schools, researchers began to investigate the impact of racial\\/ethnic identity on young people's understanding of the nation's history. Compared to other racial minorities, Asian American students have received little academic and educational attention. This article seeks to address this gap through a qualitative study on Korean American youth. Drawing from in-depth interviews

Sohyun An

2012-01-01

283

Women in American History: A Series. Book One, Women in the Colonial Era and The Early American Republic 1607-1820.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses women in the Colonial Era and the Early American Republic (1607-1820). Designed to supplement high school U.S. history textbooks, five chapters are devoted to women who were both famous and those who were not well known. Chapter I focuses on women in the founding days.…

Sanders, Beverly

284

Women in American History: A Series. Book One, Women in the Colonial Era and The Early American Republic 1607-1820.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses women in the Colonial Era and the Early American Republic (1607-1820). Designed to supplement high school U.S. history textbooks, five chapters are devoted to women who were both famous and those who were not well known. Chapter I focuses on women in the founding days.…

Sanders, Beverly

285

The History of American Colleges and Their Libraries in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries: A Bibliographical Essay.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliographical study of colleges and their libraries established during the colonial and early national periods of American history concerns both institutional histories and the availability of books and the nature of the collections in these instit...

D. S. Zubatsky

1979-01-01

286

The Division of Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website of the paleontology department at the American Museum of Natural History contains photographic images of field notebook contents, field excavation pictures, correspondence and field reports. Materials such as Barnum Brown's field notebook from the summer that he discovered Tyrannosaurus rex are online, and the ability to turn pages in the actual books is very useful. Other important discoveries in the history of paleontology can also be found within the archives displayed at this site.

Norris, Chris; History, American M.

287

Ordinary Americans: U.S. History through the Eyes of Everyday People [and] Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Ordinary Americans" covers 500 years of U.S. history, from 1492 to 1992, in almost 200 readings, plus scores of archival photographs. The book relates the traditional events of U.S. history, but as an ordinary person lived it. Thus, the story of the Boston Tea Party is told not by Samuel Adams, but by George Hewes, a cobbler. The story of the…

Monk, Linda R., Ed.

288

Tangled Roots: A Project Exploring the Histories of Americans of Irish Heritage and Americans of African Heritage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition at Yale University, this project has brought together over 200 documents and other items related to the history of American slaves and immigrants from Ireland and the links between them. The history of Afro- and Irish-American relations and the "whiteness" of Irish immigrants to America have long fascinated scholars, but this is the first time, to my knowledge, that such a large collection of primary sources on the subject have been offered together online. Visitors may browse the archive of speeches, legal documents, letters, interviews, cartoons, and articles by author, subject, date, and document type. The majority of the documents featured concern only one of the two groups, but collectively they can be used to compare and contrast experiences, legal disabilities, and popular prejudices. Also featured at the site is a Making Connections section, which contains a series of document-based investigations of African- and Irish-American history, and a collection of annotated links.

289

The use of deployable telehealth centers by military beneficiaries to access behavioral healthcare: an exploratory evaluation in american samoa.  

PubMed

Some U.S. Military Health System (MHS) beneficiaries face unique challenges accessing available behavioral healthcare because of the nature of their occupations, deployments to and permanent duty stations in isolated geographies, and discontinuity of services. The use of deployable telehealth centers such as modified shipping containers offers promise as an innovative solution to increase access to behavioral healthcare in remote and otherwise austere environments. The first telehealth modified 20-foot shipping container, known as a relocatable telehealth center (RTeC), was deployed to increase access to care for MHS beneficiaries on American Samoa. The goal of this study was to conduct an exploratory evaluation of patient satisfaction with and usability perceptions of this solution as a place to receive behavioral healthcare services. Twenty-eight beneficiaries participated in this evaluation. Results suggest that the RTeC is safe and private and ultimately an appropriate telebehavioral-originating site. These data provide insight into usability considerations and inform future research and deployable telehealth center development. Additionally, a brief discussion about potential cost offset is provided as cost efficiencies impact RTeC viability. PMID:23078182

Mishkind, Matthew C; Martin, Suzanne; Husky, George; Miyahira, Sarah D; Gahm, Gregory A

2012-10-18

290

Military Influence in Russian Politics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The tradition of the Russian and Soviet militaries has made them important elements in the political balance of power at this turning, point of history. The same tradition, however, requires that the military's political intervention be legitimized by a c...

M. Tsypkin

1992-01-01

291

The Story in History: Writing Your Way into the American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressed to teachers from upper elementary to adult level as well as to writers, this book gives teachers and students an entirely new way to learn about American history--by reexperiencing it from the vantage point of the imaginative writer. The book maintains that students will thus gain both a deeper understanding of the issues and conflicts…

Galt, Margot Fortunato

292

Treatment of Japanese-American Internment During World War II in U.S. History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to analyze the treatment of Japanese-American internment during World War II in high school United States history textbooks. Four reasons highlight the selection of this topic for study. First, this historical event was selected because a little over a year ago was the 60th anniversary of President Franklin D.…

Ogawa, Masato

2004-01-01

293

The Story in History: Writing Your Way into the American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addressed to teachers from upper elementary to adult level as well as to writers, this book gives teachers and students an entirely new way to learn about American history--by reexperiencing it from the vantage point of the imaginative writer. The book maintains that students will thus gain both a deeper understanding of the issues and conflicts…

Galt, Margot Fortunato

294

Strategies for Teaching African American History: Musings from the Past, Ruminations for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The analysis of the existing body of scholarship on the teaching of African American history shows that various new relevant pedagogies should be adopted to utilize the past reflections for future teaching strategies. The author demonstrates the need for a more rigorous scholarship on the philosophies, methodologies and techniques of teaching…

Dagbovie, Pero Gaglo

2006-01-01

295

“Not One Looks like My Daughter!”: How American Girl Makes History Hegemony  

Microsoft Academic Search

American Girl markets dolls and books toward girls. Their original product line, which features historical characters, mobilizes history to teach moral lessons. This paper breaks down these morals to search for hegemony, a discourse that marginalizes minority readers. In this quest to uncover hegemony, the paper deals with issues of narrative perspective and socialization. Regarding narrative perspective, the paper asks,

Nicole LaConte

2011-01-01

296

Searching for Images: The Analysis of Users' Queries for Image Retrieval in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studied users' queries for visual information in American history to identify the image attributes important for retrieval and the characteristics of users' queries for digital images, based on queries from 38 faculty and graduate students. Results of pre- and post-test questionnaires and interviews suggest principle categories of search terms.…

Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie M.

2003-01-01

297

Korean American High School Students' Perspectives on U.S. History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Along with the ever-increasing racial/ethnic diversity in U.S. schools, researchers began to investigate the impact of racial/ethnic identity on young people's understanding of the nation's history. Compared to other racial minorities, Asian American students have received little academic and educational attention. This article seeks to address…

An, Sohyun

2012-01-01

298

The Concept of Systematic Corruption in American Political and Economic History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The critical role of governance in the promotion of economic development has created intense interest in the manner in which the United States eliminated corruption. This paper examines the concept of corruption in American history; tracing the term corruption to its roots in British political philosophy of the 17th and 18th century, and from there back to Machiavelli, Polybius and

John Joseph Wallis

2004-01-01

299

When History Is Myth: Genocide and the Transmogrification of American Indians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The genocide of American Indians over the last five centuries is documented by the persecutors in myriad historical media: diaries, audiotapes, autobiographies, photographs, books, essays, and newspaper accounts. Many authors believe that their stories convey an objective reality but scholarship has illustrated that writers construct history more…

Colwell-Chanthaphonh, Chip

2005-01-01

300

Correctional Psychology and the American Association of Correctional PsychologyA Revisionist History  

Microsoft Academic Search

This revision of the history of correctional psychology begins in the 1960s, a time during which psychologists in correctional institutions had little influence or occupational preparation. Within the American Association of Correctional Psychology at the time, four themes emerged: custody-treatment struggles, job security problems, the development of treatment taxonomies, and professional fragmentation. The field of practice and knowledge was redefined

Stanley L. Brodsky

2007-01-01

301

Direct Instruction in Skillful Thinking in Fifth-Grade American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author describes her use of direct instruction to introduce the skill of determining source reliability in a fifth-grade unit on immigration in American history. She structures instruction to help students establish a thinking-skill strategy that results in not only an understanding of immigration in the late 1800s to early…

Reagan, Rebecca

2008-01-01

302

Family History of Speech and Language Impairment in African American Children: Implications for Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: We explored the prevalence of a positive family history of speech and language impairment in African American children as a function of their socioeconomic status (SES), receipt of speech-language services, and diagnosis of specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Data were collected in 2 phases. Phase 1 included family questionnaires…

Pruitt, Sonja L.; Garrity, April W.; Oetting, Janna B.

2010-01-01

303

Online Physics Education Resources from the American Museum of Natural History  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through its National Center for Science Literacy, Education and Technology, the American Museum of Natural History has created a rich array of physics education resources for teachers, students and the general public. Many of these resources, which include essays, images, videos and interactive simulations, leverage ongoing research within the Division of Physical Sciences at the Museum as well as exhibitions

Robert Steiner

2006-01-01

304

Lessons from History: Defining Moments in the American Presidency and Foreign Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For much of American history, political leaders have stood by a principle that "politics stops at the water's edge." While political disagreements about domestic policies are seen as inevitable and even healthy, there has been a tradition of trying to avoid partisan disagreements over foreign policy. As a result, intense disagreements over…

Claunch, Ann

2008-01-01

305

Strategies for Teaching African American History: Musings from the Past, Ruminations for the Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The analysis of the existing body of scholarship on the teaching of African American history shows that various new relevant pedagogies should be adopted to utilize the past reflections for future teaching strategies. The author demonstrates the need for a more rigorous scholarship on the philosophies, methodologies and techniques of teaching…

Dagbovie, Pero Gaglo

2006-01-01

306

Mammography Screening Among African-American Women With a Family History of Breast Cancer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

130 AND 136 African-American Women with and without a family history, respectively, were given educational brochures that framed messages about mammography as gains (i.e., how a woman benefits by getting mammograms), losses (i.e., the costs of not getting...

I. Lipkus

1999-01-01

307

Vaccines for military use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vaccines have long been used by military forces in order to prevent communicable diseases and thereby preserve the fighting force. A tradition that began with the mass vaccination of the Continental Army against smallpox during the War of the American Revolution in the late 18th century continues today with routine and deployment-based vaccination of military forces against potential pathogens of

Andrew. W. Artenstein

2009-01-01

308

The History and Future of the Southern Bible Institute: A Post-Secondary School of Biblical Studies for African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The United States of America has a long history in higher education, but one area of its history not exhausted through research involves higher education for African Americans. Specifically, higher education for African Americans in the area of theology or biblical studies presents numerous opportunities for further research. Soon after the…

Cooks, Michael

2010-01-01

309

Military Pedagogy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The term 'military pedagogy' is defined in the 1966 Soviet 'Officer's Library' Dictionary of Basic Military Terms as 'a field of pedagogical and military science investigating and developing the most efficient methods of communist teaching, military educa...

1973-01-01

310

Sermons in American History: Selected Issues in the American Pulpit 1630-1967.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology presents 43 American sermons in the context of the social, cultural, and historical development of America. Two or more sermons treat the pro and con viewpoints on nineteen specific issues--from seventeenth century Puritan debates on the authority of God, to the pre-Civil War slavery controversy, to the current questions of Popular…

Holland, DeWitte, Ed.; And Others

311

Swedish Museum of Natural History-Department of Vertebrate Zoology: Guide to South American Cichlidae  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sven Kullander of the Swedish Museum of Natural History developed the _Guide to the South American Cichlidae_ as "a non-commercial, technical source of information about the systematics, taxonomy and geographical distribution of South American cichlids." The Guide features a Cichlid Names Database containing 469 nominal species and 60 Nominal Genera with search fields for keywords, Genus/Species, Record/Table, Status, and more. The site also offers a phylogenetic tree representing major cichlid groups, a Classification of South American Cichlids, and an Alphabetical List of Nominal Genera and Informal Groups of South American Cichlids. In addition, the Guide contains a sizeable list of publications from 1997 onwards (some of which are hyperlinked or downloadable), and a solid collection of cichlid-related links.

312

Backlash against American psychology: an indigenous reconstruction of the history of German critical psychology.  

PubMed

After suggesting that all psychologies contain indigenous qualities and discussing differences and commonalities between German and North American historiographies of psychology, an indigenous reconstruction of German critical psychology is applied. It is argued that German critical psychology can be understood as a backlash against American psychology, as a response to the Americanization of German psychology after WWII, on the background of the history of German psychology, the academic impact of the Cold War, and the trajectory of personal biographies and institutions. Using an intellectual-historical perspective, it is shown how and which indigenous dimensions played a role in the development of German critical psychology as well as the limitations to such an historical approach. Expanding from German critical psychology, the role of the critique of American psychology in various contexts around the globe is discussed in order to emphasize the relevance of indigenous historical research. PMID:23394178

Teo, Thomas

2013-02-04

313

Lessons on the Constitution: Supplements to High School Courses in American Government and American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to be used in combination with standard high school textbooks in U.S. history and government, these lessons on the U.S. Constitution can be used singly or in varying combinations and most can be completed in one or two class meetings. There are five chapters. Chapter I is an introduction for teachers. Chapter II includes lessons about…

Patrick, John J.; Remy, Richard C.

314

Manifest Meanings: The Selling (Not Telling) of American Indian History and the Case of "The Black Horse Ledger"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What is the value or perceived necessity--for an Indian or for a white man--of changing Northern Cheyenne history? How are a reader's conclusions affected by her perception of the race of the person altering that history? Why is it acceptable to sell but not tell American Indian history? An examination of the visual and discursive rhetoric of…

Gercken, Becca

2010-01-01

315

The history and visions of African American psychology: multiple pathways to place, space, and authority.  

PubMed

The author describes the multiple pathways of events and strategies that served to nurture African American psychology in the United States. Special attention is given to strategies for inclusion and empowerment used in 4 psychological professional and scholarly associations: the American Counseling Association, the American Psychological Association, the Association of Black Psychologists, and the Society for Research in Child Development. In addition, the author describes 4 major intellectual traditions that informed not only the strategies of inclusion but also the theoretical, research, and intervention perspectives and other professional and academic efforts of African American psychologists. Those perspectives are the Afrocentric/African-centered tradition derived from longstanding nationalist/Pan-African and culturally centered traditions within African American communities; the social contextual/multidisciplinary research tradition of the University of Chicago School of Social Science; the empirical social science research tradition of the University of Michigan; and the Black scholar/activist tradition of Howard University. This article also presents a chronological timeline of major events in the history of African American psychology. PMID:19916668

Holliday, Bertha Garrett

2009-10-01

316

Hearts and Minds: The Political and Military Effectiveness of the Rhode Island Militia in the American Revolution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The lessons for tomorrow may sometimes be found in yesterday's mistakes. This paper analyzes the political and military effectiveness of the Rhode Island militia during the Revolutionary War. Through careful study of the roots of Rhode Island and its mili...

G. A. Trogdon

1992-01-01

317

The American Physiological SocietyĂÂs ĂÂLiving History ProjectĂÂ  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Physiological Society has announced updates to its ĂÂLiving History Project.ĂÂ The program, initiated in 2005, was designed to create an archival video record of senior members of the APS who have made outstanding contributions to the science of physiology, as well as the profession. With the addition of three new videos, the APS has interviewed 27 accomplished men and women to date.

APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)

2011-03-04

318

Incidence and epidemiology of spinal cord injury within a closed American population: the United States military (2000–2009)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study design:Cohort studyObjectives:The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) within the population of the United States military from 2000–2009. This investigation also sought to define potential risk factors for the development of SCI.Setting:The population of the United States military from 2000–2009.Methods:The Defense Medical Epidemiology Database was queried for the years 2000–2009 using

A J Schoenfeld; B McCriskin; M Hsiao; R Burks

2011-01-01

319

Return to Beringia: parasites reveal cryptic biogeographic history of North American pikas  

PubMed Central

Traditional concepts of the Bering Land Bridge as a zone of predominantly eastward expansion from Eurasia and a staging area for subsequent colonization of lower latitudes in North America led to early inferences regarding biogeographic histories of North American faunas, many of which remain untested. Here we apply a host–parasite comparative phylogeographical (HPCP) approach to evaluate one such history, by testing competing biogeographic hypotheses for five lineages of host-specific parasites shared by the collared pika (Ochotona collaris) and American pika (Ochotona princeps) of North America. We determine whether the southern host species (O. princeps) was descended from a northern ancestor or vice versa. Three parasite phylogenies revealed patterns consistent with the hypothesis of a southern origin, which is corroborated by four additional parasite lineages restricted to O. princeps. This finding reverses the traditional narrative for the origins of North American pikas and highlights the role of dispersal from temperate North America into Beringia in structuring northern diversity considerably prior to the Holocene. By evaluating multiple parasite lineages simultaneously, the study demonstrates the power of HPCP for resolving complex biogeographic histories that are not revealed by characteristics of the host alone.

Galbreath, Kurt E.; Hoberg, Eric P.

2012-01-01

320

Foster Care History and HIV Infection among Drug-Using African American Female Sex Workers  

PubMed Central

Foster care has been associated with increased HIV risk behaviors among youth, yet long-term association with HIV infection has not been examined. This study explored the associations between foster placement, victimization, mental health, onset of sex work and HIV infection among highly vulnerable female sex workers. 562 drug-involved African American women were enrolled into an intervention study to increase health services utilization and reduce HIV risk. Seventeen percent reported a history of foster placement. Foster history was associated with significantly lower educational attainment, higher victimization, and more severe mental health problems. Women with foster histories reported significantly earlier entry into paid sex work, with some 62% active in the sex trade before age 18. Multivariate analyses found that foster care was independently associated with HIV seropositivity, and that early sex work partially mediated this association. The potential long-term health vulnerabilities associated with foster placement are understudied and warrant additional research.

Surratt, Hilary L.; Kurtz, Steven P.

2011-01-01

321

Cambridge History of English and American Literature: An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week, Bartleby.com (last reviewed in the December 10, 1999 Scout Report) announced the online publication of all eighteen volumes of the classic Cambridge History of English and American Literature. This excellent free resource "comprises the largest public reference work of literary criticism and history on the Internet." Originally published in 1907-1921, the volumes include 303 chapters and more than 11,000 pages, edited and written by a worldwide panel of 171 leading scholars and thinkers of the early twentieth century. The online version features over 5,600 files, searchable by keyword and browseable by volume, chapter, and section. The electronic Cambridge History also includes chapter and bibliography indexes. Although a bit dated in parts, these eighteen volumes are a valuable, and now easily accessible, research tool for secondary and university students.

322

Foster care history and HIV infection among drug-using African American female sex workers.  

PubMed

Foster care has been associated with increased HIV risk behaviors among youth, yet long-term association with HIV infection has not been examined. This study explored the associations between foster placement, victimization, mental health, onset of sex work and HIV infection among highly vulnerable female sex workers. 562 drug-involved African American women were enrolled into an intervention study to increase health services utilization and reduce HIV risk. Seventeen percent reported a history of foster placement. Foster history was associated with significantly lower educational attainment, higher victimization, and more severe mental health problems. Women with foster histories reported significantly earlier entry into paid sex work, with some 62% active in the sex trade before age 18. Multivariate analyses found that foster care was independently associated with HIV seropositivity, and that early sex work partially mediated this association. The potential long-term health vulnerabilities associated with foster placement are understudied and warrant additional research. PMID:21818654

Surratt, Hilary L; Kurtz, Steven P

2012-05-01

323

[From the history of Serbian military medicine. An unsigned article in the weekly publication "Javor" from 1877].  

PubMed

The weekly journal "Javor" ("Maple") was published in Novi Sad, during the period from 1862 to 1893. In the volume of 1877 the article "Something concerning war and medical care" was published in six parts. The article expressed views of organization of military medical service based on experiences in all major wars in the 19th century (the Crimean War, the war between Prussia and Austria, the Civil War in North America, the war between Prussia and France). The article is not signed. It can be assumed with sufficient certainty that the author of the article could be Dr. Vladan Djordjevi? (1844-1930) surgeon, chief of military sanitation, historian, writer and distinguished Serbian politician. PMID:2130020

Nikolis, G

1990-01-01

324

Across Generations: Culture, History, and Policy in the Social Ecology of American Indian Grandparents Parenting Their Grandchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes an investigation of ecological factors related to the experience of American Indian grandparents raising their grandchildren. Elements of American Indian culture and history, and United States policy, were used to generate explanatory hypotheses that were subjected to a thematic analysis of qualitative interview data. This…

Mooradian, John K.; Cross, Suzanne L.; Stutzky, Glenn R.

2006-01-01

325

Readings in American History (In Their Own Words), Book II: Growth of the New Nation and Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills-text is the second of four books in the series "Readings in American History." The materials allow opportunities to improve reading and comprehension skills in a subject matter context by using certain primary sources related to the topic. Book 2 covers the period immediately following the American Revolution to the election of Abraham…

Abramowitz, Jack

326

Food in American History, Part 6—Beef (Part 1): Reconstruction and Growth Into the 20th Century (1865–1910).  

PubMed

This sixth installment of Food in American History series considers 1865 through 1910, covering America’s reconstruction and growth after the Civil War, with beef as the central food theme. Part 1 follows the rise of the hamburger as an icon in American culture. PMID:15076706

Grivetti, Louis E.; Corlett, Jan L.; Gordon, Bertram M.; Lockett, Cassius T.

2004-01-01

327

Ingredients of military genius. Student essay  

SciTech Connect

This article deals with military genius from an historical and a classical theory perspective. The author modifies an approach developed by Carl von Clausewitz that makes use of theory as a framework for the study of history. Clausewitz used theory to study campaigns of Napoleon. This article uses Clausewitz's theory of military genius to study some of the great captains of the American Civil War and World War II. Using seven qualities of military genius that Clausewitz lists in his ON WAR, a study was made to ascertain commonalities of behavior displayed by great battlefield generals. Historical examples are given which reflect the qualities of military genius. The basic hypothesis of the article is that successful generals command their armies with their total being and not just one predominate aspect of their person. The underlying theme is that body, emotions, mind, and spirit must work in a relatively balanced manner which results in military genius being displayed. Historical example urges each senior officer to continually train and discipline his being in preparation for his possible future destiny.

Blair, J.M.

1986-04-07

328

Principal host relationships and evolutionary history of the North American arenaviruses  

PubMed Central

A previous study suggested that the genomes of the arenaviruses native to North America are a product of genetic recombination between New World arenaviruses with significantly different phylogenetic histories. The purpose of this study was to extend our knowledge of the principal host relationships and evolutionary history of the North American arenaviruses. The results of this study suggest that the large-eared woodrat (Neotoma macrotis) is a principal host of Bear Canyon virus and that the present-day association of Bear Canyon virus with the California mouse (Peromyscus californicus) in southern California represents a successful host-jumping event from the large-eared woodrat to the California mouse. Together, the results of analyses of viral gene sequence data in this study and our knowledge of the phylogeography of the rodents that serve as principal hosts of the New World arenaviruses suggest that genetic recombination between arenaviruses with significantly different phylogenetic histories did not play a role in the evolution of the North American arenaviruses.

Cajimat, Maria N.B.; Milazzo, Mary Louise; Hess, Barry D.; Rood, Michael P.; Fulhorst, Charles F.

2007-01-01

329

Bringing dinosaurs back to life: exhibiting prehistory at the American Museum of Natural History.  

PubMed

This essay examines the exhibition of dinosaurs at the American Museum of Natural History during the first two decades of the twentieth century. Dinosaurs provide an especially illuminating lens through which to view the history of museum display practices for two reasons: they made for remarkably spectacular exhibits; and they rested on contested theories about the anatomy, life history, and behavior of long-extinct animals to which curators had no direct observational access. The American Museum sought to capitalize on the popularity of dinosaurs while mitigating the risks of mounting an overtly speculative display by fashioning them into a kind of mixed-media installation made of several elements, including fossilized bone, shellac, iron, and plaster. The resulting sculptures provided visitors with a vivid and lifelike imaginative experience. At the same time, curators, who were anxious to downplay the speculative nature of mounted dinosaurs, drew systematic attention to the material connection that tied individual pieces of fossilized bone to the actual past. Freestanding dinosaurs can therefore be read to have functioned as iconic sculptures that self-consciously advertised their indexical content. PMID:23286187

Rieppel, Lukas

2012-09-01

330

Living the 'American Dream': Korean War Brides in Suburban New York  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the supervision of Professor Joseph Lee (History, PNY), my research consisted of extensive interviews with several Korean military brides in a small Korean-American community in the premominantly white middle-class Newburgh, New York. From these interviews, conducted in the Korean language, I used five case studes to illustrate the experiences of these military brides, focusing on their association with the

Amy Lee

2004-01-01

331

An American health dilemma: a history of blacks in the health system.  

PubMed Central

The present black health crisis is a continuum. After 346 years of neglect, flawed efforts were made to admit black Americans to the "mainstream" health system. Gains were significant from 1965 to 1975; however, since then black health status has eroded. Since colonial times, the racial dilemma that affected America's liberal democratic system also distorted medical relationships and institutions. There are clear connections between campaigns to defeat bills that would improve the health of blacks and other disadvantaged groups and acquiescence with the present reassignment of them to the underfunded, overcrowded, inferior, public health-care sector. Physician leadership helped to establish the slaveocracy, create the racial inferiority myths, and build the segregated health subsystem for blacks and the poor. Clearly, if the history-based health disparities are to be resolved, black physician leadership will be necessary. Without justice and equity in health care, the dream of Martin Luther King will never become a reality for African Americans.

Byrd, W. M.; Clayton, L. A.

1992-01-01

332

Child Maltreatment in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities: Integrating Culture, History, and Public Health for Intervention and Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses child maltreatment intervention and prevention among American Indians and Alaska Natives. The authors argue that history and culture must be included as context and variables for developing and implementing prevention programs in Indian Country. They propose that the public health violence prevention model would benefit from incorporating tenets of the history and culture(s) of diverse groups, in

Lemyra DeBruyn; Michelle Chino; Patricia Serna; Lynne Fullerton-Gleason

2001-01-01

333

Women in American History: A Series. Book Three, Women during and after the Civil War 1860-1890.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses the role of women during and after the Civil War (1860-1890). Designed to supplement high school U.S. history textbooks, the book is comprised of five chapters. Chapter I describes the work of Union and Confederate women ln the Civil War. Topics include the army nursing…

Sanders, Beverly

334

Women in American History: A Series. Book Two, Women in the Ages of Expansion and Reform 1820-1860.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses women in the ages of expansion and reform (1820-1860). Designed to supplement U.S. history textbooks, the book is presented in six chapters. Chapter I describes the "true woman," an ideal cultivated by women writers, educators, and magazine editors. The four virtues were…

Sanders, Beverly

335

Sharing Our Teachers: The Required Graduate Class at the American Museum of Natural History for Lehman College (CUNY)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This reflective study explores the history and outcomes of a teacher education collaboration between the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) and Lehman College of The City University of New York (CUNY), in the Bronx, NY, USA. AMNH developed and teaches a Lehman course, Museum Resources for Teaching Science, for Master's degree candidates in…

Aquino, Adriana E.; Kelly, Angela M.; Bayne, Gillian U.

2010-01-01

336

Women in American History: A Series. Book Two, Women in the Ages of Expansion and Reform 1820-1860.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses women in the ages of expansion and reform (1820-1860). Designed to supplement U.S. history textbooks, the book is presented in six chapters. Chapter I describes the "true woman," an ideal cultivated by women writers, educators, and magazine editors. The four virtues…

Sanders, Beverly

337

With an Eye on "We": A Teacher Research Study of Students Using Narrative Inquiry to Critique Mexican American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this teacher research study was to examine narrative inquiry as a method for student engagement with course material and the local community. This study sought to understand how students perceived themselves within Mexican American history. While a number of studies have used oral history and narrative effectively, these studies…

Luna, Enrique

2010-01-01

338

Abandoning evolution. The forgotten history of antievolution activism and the transformation of American social science.  

PubMed

From its inception, antievolution activism has been aimed not only at the natural sciences but also, and almost as often, at the social sciences. Although almost entirely overlooked by scholars, this activism played a significant part in the development of American social science in the early twentieth century. Analyzing public writings and private papers of antievolution activists, academic social scientists, and university officials from the 1920s, this essay recalls this forgotten history, showing how antievolution activism contributed to the abandonment of evolutionary theory and the adoption of a set of secular, scientific, and professional characteristics that have come to define much of modern social science. PMID:23488237

Lienesch, Michael

2012-12-01

339

A multilocus perspective on the speciation history of a North American aridland toad (Anaxyrus punctatus).  

PubMed

Interpretations of phylogeographic patterns can change when analyses shift from single gene-tree to multilocus coalescent analyses. Using multilocus coalescent approaches, a species tree and divergence times can be estimated from a set of gene trees while accounting for gene-tree stochasticity. We utilized the conceptual strengths of a multilocus coalescent approach coupled with complete range-wide sampling to examine the speciation history of a broadly distributed, North American warm-desert toad, Anaxyrus punctatus. Phylogenetic analyses provided strong support for three major lineages within A. punctatus. Each lineage broadly corresponded to one of three desert regions. Early speciation in A. punctatus appeared linked to late Miocene-Pliocene development of the Baja California peninsula. This event was likely followed by a Pleistocene divergence associated with the separation of the Chihuahuan and Sonoran Deserts. Our multilocus coalescent-based reconstruction provides an informative contrast to previous single gene-tree estimates of the evolutionary history of A. punctatus. PMID:22579923

Bryson, Robert W; Jaeger, Jef R; Lemos-Espinal, Julio A; Lazcano, David

2012-05-03

340

A brief perspective on the early history of American infectious disease epidemiology.  

PubMed Central

The early history of epidemiology is closely linked to the history of infectious diseases and can be divided into three distinct periods. The earliest period, which can be traced to the writings of Hippocrates in the third and fourth centuries B.C., was that of clinical description of diseases with little investigation into their specific characteristics and etiologies. The second period, spanning the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, may be distinguished by the rejection of early Hippocratic and Galenic doctrines and the more systematic description of morbid conditions. The third period, which was marked by the discovery of specific microbial causes of disease, spurred an extraordinary growth of knowledge and scientific exploration. This period will be the main focus of the paper, as it had the greatest influence on the development of American infectious disease epidemiology.

Kass, E. H.

1987-01-01

341

Liberating history: the context of the challenge of psychologists of color to American psychology.  

PubMed

The history of race and ethnicity in North America is long and complex. It has been fraught with racism and various forms of oppression--intellectual, social, and physical--and defies easy analysis. This article examines the history of race and ethnicity in the United States, and how it played out in the field of psychology. Although other articles in this issue examine the specific impact of racism and internal colonialism on racial and ethnic minorities, this article places these events within an international context, specifically the post-World War II era when oppressed peoples around the world sought liberation from colonial oppressors. The article suggests that the struggles and successes of racial and ethnic minority psychologists may provide the best opportunity for American psychology to connect with emerging indigenous psychologies in other parts of the world, which represent the future of psychology in a globalizing world. PMID:19916677

Pickren, Wade E

2009-10-01

342

To Play or Not Play Politics with History: A Perspective on Swedish, American, and European Teaching of History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers the use of history in politics and the debate about the national history standards. Discusses the view of history and history teaching in Sweden (providing background information), a comparison between the United States and Sweden, and the history standards in Sweden. (CMK)|

Larsson, Hans Albin

1998-01-01

343

Immunizing against the American Other: Racism, Nationalism, and Gender in U.S.Icelandic Military Relations during the Cold War  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1951 U.S. -Icelandic Defense Agreement paved the way for a permanent U.S. military presence at the Keflavik base in Iceland, an outpost that played a crucial role in U.S. strategy during the Cold War. The article explores two gender-related aspects of the U.S. -Icelandic Cold War relationship:the restrictions on off-base movements of U.S. soldiers, and the secret ban imposed

Valur Ingimundarson

2004-01-01

344

The Military Dimension of the War on Drugsin Mexico and Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Armed Forces of Colombia andMexico have characteristics thatdifferentiate them from the rest of theirLatin American counterparts. They areatypical armed forces that are shaped bythe realities of their contemporarypolitical history. The failure of lawenforcement institutions has forced bothmilitaries to take on the mission ofcombating drug trafficking andinternational criminal cartels. In orderfor these militaries to successfullyaccomplish this mission, they must besubordinated

Marcos Pablo Moloeznik

2003-01-01

345

Defensive localism in white and black: a comparative history of European-American and African-American youth gangs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The activities of European-American and African-American youth gangs have been closely linked to the operation of changing racial and class structures. In this article, I compare European-American and African-American youth gangs in four historical periods: the seaboard city, 1787-1861; the immigrant city, 1880-1940; the racially changing city, 1940-1970; and the hypersegregated city, 1970-1999. I show that the differences between European-American

Christopher Adamson

2000-01-01

346

Analysis of the Effects of Varying Male and Female Force Levels. Annex 2. Volume 2. A Dynamic Model to Estimate Availability for Military Service of American Youth, Age 18 to 23, through the Year 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An objective of the USAF Special Study Team is to document the changing number of enlistment age youth through the year 2000. A dynamic model estimates the availability (for military service) of American youth, age 18 to 23, through Fiscal Year (FY) 2000....

S. M. Morris

1985-01-01

347

Perspectives:The Strength of a People: Exploring the Impact of History and Culture on African American Families Who Are Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors share their perspective on how the history of African American's in the U.S., and an awareness of the role of African cultural traditions, can provide insight on working effectively with African American families.|

Temple, Tabitha; Diamond-Berry, Kimberly

2010-01-01

348

American Pluralism and the Short Story: An Interdisciplinary Approach, or, Sui Sin Far, Silko, Cisneros, and Miss Sasagawara Teach American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an interdisciplinary 9-unit course at Pasadena (California) City College, entitled the "American Cultures Block Program." The block is divided into three distinct sections: (1) "United States History from 1865 to the Present"; (2) "Humanities Through the Arts"; and (3) "Introduction to Literature," a hybrid literature and…

Ulmer, Amy

349

Military Exposures  

MedlinePLUS

... exposed to a range of chemical, physical, and environmental hazards during military service. Camp Lejeune Veterans and Families ... assessment for possible health problems related to specific environmental hazards Compensation Monthly compensation for military service-connected injuries, ...

350

Online Physics Education Resources from the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Through its National Center for Science Literacy, Education and Technology, the American Museum of Natural History has created a rich array of physics education resources for teachers, students and the general public. Many of these resources, which include essays, images, videos and interactive simulations, leverage ongoing research within the Division of Physical Sciences at the Museum as well as exhibitions and specimens from the Museum's collections. The online resources featured include Science Bulletins (current research and recent discoveries) , Ology (a website for children), Resources for Learning (a searchable database of curricular resources) and Seminars on Science (online teacher professional development). The genesis of these projects, their underlying strategies and their implementation will be reviewed. Sample resources will be presented, including colliding galaxies, the tracking of near-Earth asteroids, Einstein's legacy and geophysics. A CD of physics resources from the Museum will be provided to attendees.

Steiner, Robert

2006-04-01

351

Military Enlistment Propensity: New Directions for Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the advent of the all volunteer force, the U.S. military has supported research to monitor, understand, and influence the propensity of American youth to enlist in the military. Interest in understanding determinants of military enlistment has increased since 1992 due to the shrinking size of the available youth cohort, competing demands for…

Legree, Peter J.; Pifer, Mark

352

CORRELATES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION HISTORIES IN A COHORT OF AMERICAN MALE HEALTH PROFESSIONALS  

PubMed Central

Objective Several epidemiologic studies have investigated sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and later risk of genitourinary conditions with suggestive positive results. While these results may reflect causal associations, other possible explanations include confounding by factors possibly related to both STI acquisition and genitourinary condition risk, such as recognized STI risk factors/correlates, and other factors not typically considered in relation to STIs (e.g., general health-related behaviors or markers of such behaviors). Very few of these factors have been investigated in older populations in which STIs and genitourinary conditions are typically studied. Therefore, we investigated STI history correlates in one such population, the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Methods We ascertained histories of potential correlates, and gonorrhea and syphilis by questionnaire (n=36,032), and performed serologic testing for Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis, human papillomavirus, and human herpesvirus type 8 infection in a subset (n=651). Results Positive correlations were observed for African-American race, foreign birth, southern residence, smoking, alcohol consumption, ejaculation frequency, vasectomy, and high cholesterol. Inverse correlations were observed for social integration and routine health-related examinations. Conclusions These findings provide useful information on potential confounders for epidemiologic investigations of STIs and chronic diseases, and interesting new hypotheses for STI prevention (e.g., STI counseling before vasectomy).

Sutcliffe, Siobhan; Kawachi, Ichiro; Alderete, John F.; Gaydos, Charlotte A.; Jacobson, Lisa P.; Jenkins, Frank J.; Viscidi, Raphael P.; Zenilman, Jonathan M.; Platz, Elizabeth A.

2010-01-01

353

EEG alpha variants and alpha power in Hispanic American and white non-Hispanic American young adults with a family history of alcohol dependence.  

PubMed

Results from several studies support associations among variants in electroencephalogram (EEG) alpha voltage, alcohol dependence, ethnic heritage, and a family history of alcohol dependence, although no studies have as yet been conducted in individuals of Hispanic ethnicity. Categorization of EEG, by using spectral analyses, into high-, medium-, and low-voltage alpha, as well as absolute EEG power in alpha and beta frequency ranges, was carried out for Hispanic American (n=108) and white non-Hispanic American (n=269) young adult men and women (age range, 18 to 25 years) who had a family history, but no personal history, of alcohol dependence. Eighteen percent (n=70) of the participants were categorized as having a low-voltage alpha EEG, 16% had high-voltage alpha, and 64% had medium-voltage alpha. In comparison with findings for men, women were found to have higher overall power in the low frequency alpha (7.5-9 Hz) and beta (12-20 Hz, 20-50 Hz) frequency ranges. Hispanic Americans had a lower percentage of individuals in the low-voltage alpha group (9%) and more individuals in the medium-voltage alpha group (73%) compared with findings for white non-Hispanic Americans (low-voltage alpha, 19%; medium-voltage alpha, 62%). Results of the current study confirm the presence of ethnic stratification in EEG alpha variants. PMID:15528007

Ehlers, Cindy L; Phillips, Evelyn; Schuckit, Marc A

2004-06-01

354

Acute Stress Disorder in Diplomats, Military, and Civilian Americans Living Abroad Following the September 11 Terrorist Attacks on America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can expatriates witnessing the attack of their country from afar develop acute and posttraumatic stress reactions? In Brussels 50 expatriate Americans were surveyed in the 10 weeks following September 11. Of the sample, 10% (n = 5) showed acute stress disorder in the 1st week, and 4% (n = 2) persisted with traumatic stress indications in the following weeks. All

Anne Speckhard

2003-01-01

355

Psychohistory before Hitler: early military analyses of German national psychology.  

PubMed

As part of a grandiose post-World War I psychological project to predict the behavior of nations, the U.S. Military Intelligence Division (MID) utilized racial and social psychological theories to explain an alleged problematic German national character. Though unsuccessful, this project has major significance in the history of psychohistory. For the newly discovered MID files reveal that ideas, attitudes, and biases many psychohistorians subsequently identified as manifestations of a peculiar German national character had previously been held by American officers and reputable psychologists. What American analysts would, in 1940, view as symptoms of a maladjusted German mind, their predecessors had, in 1920, considered valid scientific concepts. PMID:3286753

Bendersky, J W

1988-04-01

356

Variation in life-history characteristics among populations of North American wood turtles: a view from the north  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life-history traits such as age at maturity, body size and clutch size tend to vary across a species' distribution. The purpose of our study was to describe the demography of a newly discovered population of North American wood turtles Glyptemys insculpta at the species' northern range limit, and to compare our findings to those of other studies to test hypotheses

W. F. Greaves; J. D. Litzgus

2009-01-01

357

Balancing the Picture: Integrating Women into American History. A Guide to Provide Balance for the Syllabus in Social Studies 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the New York state social studies 11th grade syllabus as a guide, the developer of this guide has adapted statements of understandings and has added resources and research questions to give students a better perspective on the role of women in United States history. Five broad topics are explored: The American People (immigrants, culture…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of General Education Curriculum Development.

358

From New World to New Nation and Teacher's Guide. Readings in American History (In Their Own Words), Book I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills-text is the first of four books in the series "Readings in American History." The materials allow opportunities to improve reading and comprehension skills in a subject matter context by using certain primary sources related to the topic. Book I covers the time from the European discovery of the Americas in 1492 to the end of the…

Abramowitz, Jack

359

Toward a New History of American Accident Law: Classical Tort Law and the Cooperative First-Party Insurance Movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two strange discontinuities in accounts of the history of American accident law. First, the historical literature's narrow focus on the common law of tort contrasts sharply with the eclectic approach of contemporary accident law scholars. Contemporary accident law debates offer a wide array of policy alternatives to tort litigation. To name only some of the most prominent, scholars

John F. Witt

2001-01-01

360

Hopelessness as Mediator of the Link Between Reports of a History of Child Maltreatment and Suicidality in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Findings from a study comparing reports of a history of child maltreatment and hopelessness in a sample of economically, socially, and educationally disadvantaged young urban African American women suicide attempters (n = 176) and demographically similar nonattempters (n = 185) revealed higher rates of child maltreatment and hopelessness among attempters than those among their nonsuicidal counterparts. Using a mediational model

Lindi A. Meadows; Nadine J. Kaslow

2002-01-01

361

Hopelessness as Mediator of the Link Between Reports of a History of Child Maltreatment and Suicidality in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Findings from a study comparing reports of a history of child maltreatment and hope- lessness in a sample of economically, socially, and educationally disadvantaged young urban African American women suicide attempters (nD 176) and demographically similar nonattempters (nD 185) revealed higher rates of child maltreatment and hope- lessness among attempters than those among their nonsuicidal counterparts. Using a mediational model

Lindi A. Meadows; Nadine J. Kaslow

2002-01-01

362

The American Land. Its History, Soil, Water, Wildlife, Agricultural Land Planning, and Land Problems of Today and Tomorrow.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented in this booklet is the commentary for "The American Land," a television series prepared by the Soil Conservation Service and the Graduate School, United States Department of Agriculture, in cooperation with WETA - TV, Washington, D.C. It explores the resource of land in America, its history, soil, water, wildlife, agricultural land…

Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

363

The American Land. Its History, Soil, Water, Wildlife, Agricultural Land Planning, and Land Problems of Today and Tomorrow.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in this booklet is the commentary for "The American Land," a television series prepared by the Soil Conservation Service and the Graduate School, United States Department of Agriculture, in cooperation with WETA - TV, Washington, D.C. It explores the resource of land in America, its history, soil, water, wildlife, agricultural land…

Soil Conservation Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

364

The African-American Mosaic. A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a broad survey of the Library of Congress's holdings concerning the history and culture of black Americans in the United States. It provides titles of bibliographies, other guides, aids to finding materials, and individual items. This guide, which is arranged chronologically, discusses Library of Congress collections in three…

Ham, Debra Newman, Ed.; And Others

365

Beyond Hegemony: Reappraising the History of Philanthropy and African-American Higher Education in the Nineteenth Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This historiographic essay urges a reappraisal of the revisionist view of philanthropy and African-American higher education in the nineteenth century as hegemonic by adopting agency as a theoretical framework to excavate the institutional histories and other primary sources on the northern black colleges--specifically Wilberforce University--for…

Freeman, Tyrone McKinley

2010-01-01

366

Sexual Assault Histories and Evening Drinking among Young American Men in a High-Risk Drinking Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study surveyed young American men traveling to Tijuana, Mexico from San Diego, California for a weekend night out, collecting responses both southbound at the outset of the evening and northbound upon return at the end of the evening. Among 650 males, we examined the relationship between sexual histories and attitudes and alcohol use, both historically and on their night

Elizabeth A. Mumford; Tara Kelley-Baker; Eduardo Romano

2010-01-01

367

A SURVEY OF AMERICAN HISTORY INSTRUCTION FOR DISADVANTAGED YOUTH IN THE LOS ANGELES AND PHOENIX PUBLIC SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|PRESENTED ARE INTERVIEW SCHEDULES TO BE USED IN A SURVEY OF AMERICAN HISTORY INSTRUCTION IN THE LOS ANGELES AND THE PHOENIX PUBLIC SCHOOLS SERVING A DISADVANTAGED AND MINORITY GROUP POPULATION. THERE ARE FORMS DEALING WITH CURRICULUM, COURSE CONTENT TEXTUAL MATERIALS, LIBRARY FACILITIES, AND AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS. OTHER INTERVIEW SCHEDULE FORMS…

MARTIN, DAVID

368

African American History, Race and Textbooks: An Examination of the Works of Harold O. Rugg and Carter G. Woodson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper proposes that as a way to broaden the theoretical and historical context of social studies foundational literature and curriculum history, attention must be given to issues of race and racism related the experiences of African Americans. First, race and racism should be used as an analytical tool to examine longstanding foundations…

King, LaGarrett J.; Davis, Christopher; Brown, Anthony L.

2012-01-01

369

American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The project will provide information about the American Revolution. America's Journey to Independence provides an overview of the factors that contributed to American Independence. Figures of the American Revolution WebQuest shows certain important figures of the American Revolution. Such figures include John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison. Primary Documents in American History provides primary documents from American History. Primary documents pertaining to the American Revolution are provided. Research, ' Riting, and Revolution for Mr. Bishop's U.S. History Class is ...

Brooks

2009-10-13

370

Defensive Localism in White and Black: A Comparative History of European-American and African-American Youth Gangs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares European American and African American youth gangs in four historical periods (seaboard, immigrant, racially changing, and hypersegregated cities), showing that differences can be traced to race-specific effects of labor, housing, and consumer markets, government policies, local politics, and organized crime on their communities.…

Adamson, Christopher

2000-01-01

371

Understanding the Symbolic Idea of the American Dream and Its Relationship with the Category of 'Whiteness'  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the impact the category of \\\\'whiteness\\\\' has on individual interpretations of the American Dream. Via twenty-five life-history interviews, this article presents how US military male Veterans have varying interpretations of the collective idea according to their ethnic and racial background. The evidence presented in this article shows that the idea of the American Dream has racial dimensions

Manuel Madriaga

2005-01-01

372

A Senior High School Social Studies Unit on Latin American History. World History Series, Bulletin No. 257.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This secondary level curriculum guide provides a program and identifies materials for the history and culture of Latin America. The primary purpose of the course is to stimulate throught and to encourage students to make valid generalizations and intelligent assessments of the forces and events that have shaped the history and culture of Latin…

Magee, Paul

373

Okinawa: The American Years 1945-1972  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Department of History at Texas A&M-Commerce, this site offers an excellent starting point for research on the American military occupation of Okinawa. Users will find brief biographies of key figures, a chronology, photos, editorial cartoons and related links. The core of the site is a collection of annotated bibliographic essays on archives, books, films, and oral histories related to this topic. Where possible, these essays offer hypertext links to the sources mentioned.

Sarantakes, Nicholas Evan, 1966-

374

Military Discrimination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that while a certain level of fairness is necessary in considering the equity of compulsory military service, the most important issue is that of "winning the war." Also asserts that sex, age, and race discrimination are more important than social class discrimination in military service. (Author/GC)

Hunter, Richard W.

1981-01-01

375

A New Heaven and New Earth: Uses of the Millennium in American Religious History  

Microsoft Academic Search

As far as American religion is concerned, the countdown to the year 2000 began centuries ago. From the “Great Awakening” through Scofield's Reference Bible and on to Hal Lindsey's Late Great Planet Earth, Americans have been fascinated with the millennium.

James H. Smylie

1999-01-01

376

Forgotten History: Mexican American School Segregation in Arizona from 1900–1951  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article documents the efforts by Mexican Americans to challenge school segregation in Arizona in the first half of the twentieth century. As in Texas and California, although state law never formally mandated the segregation of Mexican American students, school districts in Arizona often established separate “Mexican Schools” for Mexican American students. While districts argued that segregation was necessary because

Jeanne M. Powers

2008-01-01

377

What Do Entering Fifth Graders Know about American History? Elementary Subjects Center Series No. 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In most elementary schools in the United States, students get their first systematic introduction to history as a discipline and to chronological treatment of U.S. history as subject matter in fifth-grade U.S. history courses. To develop information about the knowledge and misconceptions concerning U.S. history that fifth-grade teachers can…

Brophy, Jere; And Others

378

After Containment: The Functions of the Military Establishment  

Microsoft Academic Search

After World War II, the United States reconstituted its military policy for the third time in its history. A strategy of deterrence was adopted as the military counterpart to a foreign policy of containment. This strategy involved military alliances, overseas deployments, larger and diversified military forces, higher levels of readiness, and development of programs for strategic retaliation, continental defense, European

Samuel P. Huntington

1973-01-01

379

Community Portraits: County Atlases as Resources for Teaching U.S. History. Cartographic Traditions in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of cartographic projects grew out of a professional development summer institute for teachers conducted in 1995 in the History Department of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Curriculum materials developed during the institute were used in various classrooms during the following school year. The collection contains selected…

Danzer, Gerald A., Ed.; Newman, Mark, Ed.

380

Community Portraits: County Atlases as Resources for Teaching U.S. History. Cartographic Traditions in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of cartographic projects grew out of a professional development summer institute for teachers conducted in 1995 in the History Department of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Curriculum materials developed during the institute were used in various classrooms during the following school year. The collection contains selected…

Danzer, Gerald A., Ed.; Newman, Mark, Ed.

381

New York City International Polar Weekend at the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Museum of Natural History, in partnership with Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and the Earth Institute of Columbia University and Barnard College, is featuring the International Polar Year through a New York City International Polar Weekend (NYC-IPW) in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The event showcases current polar research, polar environmental changes, history and culture during two days of family programs and activities, performances, and lectures. The goal of the NYC-IPW is to engage diverse audiences and enhance the public understanding of polar science, in particular IPY research, through close interactions with polar experts. Activities for the public include many disciplines, ranging from the physical sciences and cultural anthropology to music and art, and are presented in many forms, from lectures, panels and films to posters and play. Highlights of the NYC-IPW include: 1) A polar fair for youth and adults, showcasing scientists, artists, and educators who have worked at one or both poles and including many interactive exhibits featuring such topics as life in New York at the end of the last Ice Age, how Arctic sea ice is changing, and life on and under the ice. 2) Performances and presentations oriented towards children and families, including Inuit Throat Singers, Central Park Zoo Theater Group, and a northern lights show. 3) Lectures showcasing current IPY research and addressing such issues as the possible effects of climate change on the poles and the rest of the world, as well as polar poetry, art and film. 4) A partnership with New York City Urban Advantage program for Middle School students in the city to meet with scientists, teachers and students who had participated in polar research and travel. 5) Norwegian Consulate sponsorship of science presenters and Sami performers. The March 2007 event involved 85 presenters and volunteers from 22 institutions, and attracted ca. 3,500 visitors. Approximately 5,000 visitors attended the February 2008 event with 95 presenters and volunteers from 24 institutions. Visitors surveyed appreciated interacting with polar experts, gaining a new understanding of changing polar environments, and connecting science with art and culture. The NYC-IPW is a new and unique partnership between with the research community and public programming at AMNH that successfully engages the public in learning about the poles.

Pfirman, S.; Turrin, M.; Macphee, R.

2008-12-01

382

Sources on US Naval History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hoping to facilitate more new research in its extensive holdings on American naval history, the Naval Historical Center has digitized its material, making more than two centuries of archival material readily available to interested parties. The Web site presents an alphabetic listing of every state in the nation, each of which link directly to primary source material on parties and organizations involved in American naval history in any way, whether it be in the form of production, administration, or active military service. Many of the states' listings link to historical societies and other archival resources, each of which call attention to notable maritime holdings in their collections. Beyond the above, Sources on US Naval History also links back to its creator, the Naval Historical Center, which is the historical branch of the Department of the Navy.

2002-01-01

383

Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic IX.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four modules of classroom strategies provide suggestions for examining U.S. history in light of contemporary issues. "The Right to Life" uses the Karen Anne Quinlan case as a model for exploring moral, legal, and medical issues related to euthanasia. Students discuss the reasoning and viewpoints of various groups associated with the case, and they…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

384

Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic IX.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four modules of classroom strategies provide suggestions for examining U.S. history in light of contemporary issues. "The Right to Life" uses the Karen Anne Quinlan case as a model for exploring moral, legal, and medical issues related to euthanasia. Students discuss the reasoning and viewpoints of various groups associated with the case, and…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

385

Military communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since its introduction in the late 1990s, the concept of network-centric operations to enable information sharing has been a fundamental element of the vision of military organizations throughout the world. As the complexity of operational environments increases, military communications network technologies must provide key characteristics such as self-organization and decentralization, which will speed information flow and increase situational awareness. In

T. Maseng; R. Landry; K. Young

2010-01-01

386

Critical Contexts for Biomedical Research in a Native American Community: Health Care, History, and Community Survival  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Native Americans have been underrepresented in previous studies of biomedical research participants. This paper reports a qualitative interview study of Native Americans' perspectives on biomedical research. In-depth interviews were conducted with 53 members of a Southwest tribal community. Many interviewees viewed biomedical research studies as…

Sahota, Puneet Chawla

2012-01-01

387

Forgotten History: Mexican American School Segregation in Arizona from 1900-1951  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article documents the efforts by Mexican Americans to challenge school segregation in Arizona in the first half of the twentieth century. As in Texas and California, although state law never formally mandated the segregation of Mexican American students, school districts in Arizona often established separate "Mexican Schools" for Mexican…

Powers, Jeanne M.

2008-01-01

388

3 CFR 8776 - Proclamation 8776 of January 31, 2012. National African American History Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...education for every child, a job for every American who wants one, and a fair chance at prosperity...keeping the American dream alive for the next generation...what it should beâa Nation that is more... NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President...WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my...

2013-01-01

389

Women in History--Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte: American Physician and Heroine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article profiles Susan LaFlesche Picotte, the first Native American woman doctor in the United States. Several accounts record that at a very young age Picotte witnessed an incident involving a Caucasian doctor who refused to care for a dying Native American woman. Picotte was inspired by that incident to become a physician, ultimately…

Krumm, Bernita L.

2005-01-01

390

On the Edge: A History of Poor Black Children and Their American Dreams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides an account of life in the inner city from World War II to the present. Poor, jobless, and racially outcast young black people are economically and socially excluded from the American mainstream. To compensate for this, inner-city children turn to American traditions of consumerism and violence. Buying into the implicit message…

Nightingale, Carl Husemoller

391

On the Edge: A History of Poor Black Children and Their American Dreams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an account of life in the inner city from World War II to the present. Poor, jobless, and racially outcast young black people are economically and socially excluded from the American mainstream. To compensate for this, inner-city children turn to American traditions of consumerism and violence. Buying into the implicit message…

Nightingale, Carl Husemoller

392

Joined Together: American Women's Literature and History in the XXth Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout American's past women of all classes, races, ethnic and religious backgrounds, sexual preferences, and political beliefs have participated in organized activities to improve women's lives. This organizational life has been rich and diverse, including literary societies, antilynching leagues, suffrage associations, the Daughters of the American revolution and others. As in the 1830s the first woman's rights movement emerged from

393

North American Droughts of the Mid-late Nineteenth Century: a History and Model Simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unlike the major droughts of the 20th century that are readily identified in the instrumental record, similar events in the 19th century have be identified using a combination of proxy data, historical accounts and a sparse collection of early instrumental records. In the United States, three distinct periods of widespread and persistent drought stand out in these records for the latter half of the 19th century: 1856-1865, 1870 -1878 and 1890 - 1896. Each of these events is shown to coincide with the existence of an anomalously cool, La Nina -like tropical Pacific. To examine the physical mechanisms behind these droughts two simple experiments were performed: the first forces an atmosphere general circulation model (AGCM) with the observed history of SSTs everywhere from 1856 to 2001 (the GOGA experiment), the second forces the AGCM only with tropical Pacific SSTs, being coupled to a two-layer entraining mixed layer (ML) ocean (the POGA-ML experiment). The AGCM used is the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Climate Community Model 3 (CCM3). The extent to which the ensemble mean of the climate model is able to simulate the observed drought intervals is a test of both whether the dry conditions are SST-forced, globally or from the tropical Pacific only, and also whether the model is able to capture this. Due to a sparsity of instrumental precipitation data at this time, proxy evidence from tree rings is used as verification. A comparison of modeled soil moisture with PDSI data, a proxy for soil moisture, from the North American Drought Atlas (Cook et al., 2001) is made. Both the POGA-ML and GOGA ensemble means capture the three multi-year droughts of the mid-late nineteenth century identified by the `drought atlas' PDSI data. In each case the models reproduce the large-scale features of these droughts, albeit with some error, indicating that the droughts were SST forced. The similarity of the POGA-ML and GOGA simulations implies that the component of the each drought signal that is forced by the SST is driven by the SST anomalies from within the tropical Pacific - a La Nina-like tropical Pacific. The global atmosphere-ocean context of the 1856 - 1865 `Civil War drought interval is also examined in more detail to elucidate the dynamical mechanism behind this particular drought - the severest of the century .

Herweijer, C.; Seager, R. C.

2004-12-01

394

Women in the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of women in the military has a long history. Leaving aside the long and never-ending discussion about the question\\u000a in the past, we can conveniently approach the topic by means of scientific tools, offered by empirical sociological research.\\u000a Research on the subject is so far rather abundant, and it is feasible here to organize the discussion about the

Marina Nuciari

395

Speciational history of North American Haemorhous finches (Aves: Fringillidae) inferred from multilocus data.  

PubMed

We investigated species relationships and timing of speciation in North American Haemorhous finches by using a mitochondrial phylogeographic approach combined with a multilocus species tree reconstruction. Haemorhous purpureus and H. cassinii were strongly supported as sister taxa, and H. mexicanus was sister to H. purpureus+H. cassinii. Our divergence times indicated that diversification within Haemorhous occurred progressively from the Late Miocene into the Pleistocene. Our inferred pattern of speciation demonstrates the complexity of the origins of North American birds, and provides additional evidence that a single cause for speciation in closely related North American birds, such as Late Pleistocene glacial-interglacial cycles, is unlikely. PMID:23219607

Smith, Brian Tilston; Bryson, Robert W; Chua, Vivien; Africa, Lia; Klicka, John

2012-12-03

396

Medical history for the masses: how American comic books celebrated heroes of medicine in the 1940s.  

PubMed

When comic books rose to mass popularity in the early 1940s, one segment of the industry specialized in "true adventures," with stories about real people from the past and the present--in contrast to competing books that offered fantasy, science fiction, superheroes, detectives and crime, funny people, or funny animals. This study examines the figures from both medical history and twentieth-century medicine who were portrayed as heroes and role models in these comic books: first, to call attention to this very popular, if unknown, genre of medical history, and second, to illustrate how medical history was used at that time to popularize scientific and medical ideas, to celebrate the achievements of medical research, to encourage medical science as a career choice, and to show medicine as a humane and noble enterprise. The study explains how these medical history stories were situated in American popular culture more generally, and how the graphic power of comic books successfully conveyed both values and information while also telling a good story. Attention to this colorful genre of popular medical history enriches our picture of the mid-twentieth-century public's enthusiasm for medical progress. PMID:15161089

Hansen, Bert

2004-01-01

397

Civil-Military Relations Cube: A Synthesis Framework for Integrating Foundational Theory, Research, and Practice in Civil-Military Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The field of Civil-Military Relations draws from many disciplines, including political science, psychology, history, economics, anthropology, sociology, systems, and others. The topic of Civil-Military Relations may be considered to be a 'niche' field of ...

M. F. Minaudo

2009-01-01

398

Founding and early history of the American association for laboratory animal science  

SciTech Connect

The author presents an historic overview of the organization of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science beginning in Chicago in 1945. The programs and pictures of the sites of the first six meetings, through 1955, are included. (KRM)

Flynn, R.J.

1980-01-01

399

Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, & Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. New Expanded Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This classic, definitive study of Black images in American movies has been completely revised and updated to include new chapters on the films of the 1970s and 1980s. This new version of the book reveals the way in which the image of Blacks in American movies has changed--and also the way in which it has remained the same. Following a preface to…

Bogle, Donald

400

History Lessons: The End of American Exceptionalism? Mobility in the United States since 1850  

Microsoft Academic Search

New longitudinal data on individuals linked across nineteenth century U.S. censuses document the geographic and occupational mobility of more than 75,000 Americans from the 1850s to the 1920s. Together with longitudinal data for more recent years, these data make possible for the first time systematic comparisons of mobility over the last 150 years of American economic development, as well as

Joseph P. Ferrie

2005-01-01

401

History Writing that's "Good to Think with": "The Great Fire," "Blizzard!" and "An American Plague"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article I argue that history books that are "good to think with" narrate history and, at the same time, provide insight into how it is constructed. These books are much more than collections of facts. Specifically, they provide information about historical context, multiple perspectives, sources of information, and original…

Zarnowski, Myra

2009-01-01

402

"Sisters Are Doin' It for Themselves" The Feminization of American History Through Popular Culture as Method.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In considering the historical contributions of women in a high school history course, a series of projects were developed that were activity oriented, created student involvement in historial research, and organized to feature the roles women have played in the development of the United States. Classroom procedures are introduced based on early…

Chilcoat, George W.

403

The American History Videodisc (Second Edition), CD-ROM, and Master Guide [Multimedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource represents a virtual library of still and moving images, documents, maps, sound clips and text which make up United States history from the Pre Columbian era to the early 1990s. The interdisciplinary range of materials included is compatible with standard textbooks in middle and high school social science, social studies, history,…

1996

404

Introduction history and species characteristics partly explain naturalization success of North American woody species in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary 1. The search for general characteristics of invasive species has not been very successful yet. A reason for this could be that current invasion patterns are mainly reflecting the introduction history (i.e. time since introduction and propagule pressure) of the species. Accurate data on the introduction history are, however, rare, particularly for introduced alien species that have not established.

Anna Bucharova; Mark van Kleunen

2009-01-01

405

Biology, Diseases, and Economics: An Epidemiological History of Slavery in the American South  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic history of antebellum southern slavery has been and is the subject of ongoing debates among scholars. The literature includes assessments about the efficiency of slavery as well as about the adequacy of slave living standards and diets. Yet this literature under appreciates the important biologic and historical role that parasitic diseases played in the history of slavery. Recognizing

Philip R. P. Coelho; Robert A. McGuire

1999-01-01

406

Literature Connections to American History, K-6: Resources to Enhance and Entice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 2,600 historical fiction novels, biographies, history trade books, CD-ROMs, and videotapes published between 1990 and 1998 are listed in this resource guide designed for teachers and librarians. The guide allows educators to easily locate quality materials to supplement U.S. history courses. Titles are listed first, according to grade…

Adamson, Lynda G.

407

Literature Connections to American History, 7-12: Resources to Enhance and Entice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 3,300 historical fiction novels, biographies, history trade books, CD-ROMs, and videotapes published between 1990 and 1998 are listed in this resource guide designed for teachers and librarians. The guide allows educators to easily locate quality materials to supplement U.S. history courses. Titles are listed first, according to grade…

Adamson, Lynda G.

408

History Writing that's "Good to Think with": "The Great Fire," "Blizzard!" and "An American Plague"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I argue that history books that are "good to think with" narrate history and, at the same time, provide insight into how it is constructed. These books are much more than collections of facts. Specifically, they provide information about historical context, multiple perspectives, sources of information, and original interpretation.…

Zarnowski, Myra

2009-01-01

409

Lies My Teacher Told Me. Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of 12 leading high school U.S. History textbooks has resulted in the opinion put forth in this book that the textbooks currently used in high schools are an embarrassing amalgam of bland optimism, blind patriotism, and misinformation. In addition to critiquing existing textbooks, the book also suggests how U.S. History should be taught.…

Loewen, James W.

410

A Little History of North American Indians: The Navajos. New Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This reprint of a 1909 volume portrays the life and history of the Navajo people, based on the personal experiences of an unusually enlightened white observer. The first three chapters cover the Navajo's early history, discovery by Spanish explorers, evidence of a prehistoric and possibly ancestral race, and the beauties of the Navajo's rugged…

Lipps, Oscar H.

411

Social Studies, Grade 11, American History Studies in Political, Social, and Cultural Developments. Course of Study and Related Learning Activities. Preliminary Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this American History survey course is to capitalize upon the knowledge that students may already have of the history of the United States. It is designed to allow a more intensive in-depth study of the nation's development and of our present political and social institutions. Thus, four major themes have been divided into broad…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

412

Hugh F. Foster III oral history interview by Michael Hirsh, August 20, 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an oral history interview with military historian Hugh F. Foster III. Foster, a retired Army lieutenant colonel and Vietnam veteran, has studied the Dachau liberation since 1990 and is frequently consulted by other researchers. In this interview, he analyzes the American offense during the last few months of World War II, discussing why divisions frequently stayed in concentration

Foster Hugh F. III; Michael Hirsh

2008-01-01

413

Of Water Balloons and History: Using Wargames as Active Learning Tools to Teach the Historical Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Each fall semester, on the first day of class of his upper-level American Military History course, the author informs his students that a major part of the class consists of a wargame in which they will participate. In this article, the author describes briefly how the class will be divided into two teams, and that on a specific evening during…

Browning, Judkin

2009-01-01

414

Ingo Trauschweizer - Learning with an Ally: The U.S. Army and the Bundeswehr in the Cold War - The Journal of Military History 72:2  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay considers four critical areas of German-American defense cooperation during the Cold War: personal and material American aid for West German rearmament and its impact on the character of the German army, reorganization of German and American combat divisions in the late 1950s and early 1960s, the ultimately failed joint venture in tank design in the 1960s and the

Ingo Wolfgang Trauschweizer

2008-01-01

415

Junior High Unit Spans Five Disciplines: American History Comes Alive in Ohio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A time of upheaval and innovation, the American Colonial Period (1600-1775) was marked by New World settlers' struggles to adapt to a life that lacked anything familiar or prefabricated. The period provides a rich opportunity to study the contributions of the colonists across multiple disciplines. In the fall of 2003, a team of eighth-grade…

Needham, Rosalind

2004-01-01

416

Marketplace ActivismA History of the African American Elite Market Segment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A distinct and significant African American elite market segment began its growth prior to the U.S. Civil War, flourished as a result of two world wars, and has continued to expand and diversify. Today, the segment comprises three subsegments including a conventional upper middle-class, the traditional elite, and the nouveau riche. This market segment is distinct both from other African

Blaine J. Branchik; Judy Foster Davis

2009-01-01

417

The natural history of medical and psychiatric disorders in an American Indian community  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1969, a Pacific Northwest American Indian community cohort (n=100) was interviewed for the presence of physical and psychiatric illnesses. The same community was studied again in 1988. This study describes the outcome among the original 100 subjects. The schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Lifetime Version (SADS-L) served as the basic interview instrument, supplemented by data from medical records,

James K. Boehnlein; J. David Kinzei; Paul K. Leung; Don Matsunaga; Robert Johnson; James H. Shore

1992-01-01

418

3 CFR 8218 - Proclamation 8218 of January 28, 2008. National African American History Month, 2008  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the highest levels of sports. Musicians...Billie Holiday lifted the American spirit with...creativity and musical gifts. Through their extraordinary...Carter G. Woodson and the Origins of Multiculturalism...struggle to change the hearts and minds of our...

2009-01-01

419

Relocation and Urbanization: An Educational History of the American Indian Experience in Chicago, 1952-1972  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) created the Relocation Program in 1952 to sever Indian federal trust status and impose Euro-American values on Indians all under the guise of benevolence. Led from reservations to urban areas, Indians found the problems of their reservations in their new locations: few employment opportunities, poor housing…

Laukaitis, John J.

2005-01-01

420

Values in History: Changing Interpretations of the American Presidency from 1945-1965.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper traces the period 1945-65 when scholars of the American presidency changed their emphasis from the study of individual presidents to examination of the presidency itself and the powers it encompassed. The change was prompted by events such as World War II, development of the atomic bomb, and the Cold War. Evidence that mankind was…

Miller, James R.

421

Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect. The American Negro, His History and Literature [Series].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present text on Gullah, a dialect of a large number of Negroes in South Carolina and Georgia, is a reprint of the original volume published in 1949 by the University of Chicago Press. (Publication of the original was aided by a subsidy from the American Council of Learned Societies.) In the first preface, the author remarks on the current…

Turner, Lorenzo Dow

422

Race and Education: The Roles of History and Society in Educating African American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of papers on race in U.S. education written by scholars who believe that improvement in the educational achievement of African American children will not occur by changing the curriculum or achieving desegregation. True change requires innovations based on replacing constructs rooted in past white hegemony and its…

Watkins, William H., Ed.; Lewis, James H., Ed.; Chou, Victoria, Ed.

423

A Brief History of the Federal Responsibility to the American Indian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As tribes and individuals, Indians claim dual rights in American society. Granted full citizenship in 1924, Indians are entitled to all protections and benefits enjoyed by other citizens, including free public education for their children. As the original inhabitants of the United States, Indians also claim rights accruing to no other population…

Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

424

The 1960s &'70s: Creative Activities for Teaching American History. Teacher's Guide. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The activities in this manual explore some of the issues of the 1960s and 1970s that reflected changes in U.S. patterns of thought: minorities sought their share of the American pie; young people challenged established authority; massive protests erupted against the Vietnam War; political corruption was found in high office and a marked change…

Stevens, Lawrence

425

"Abolitionism under Attack:" A Role-Playing Simulation in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This one-week role-playing exercise for senior high school students simulates a street trial centering on the issue of slavery in the years before the American Civil War. A leading figure in the abolitionist movement is forced to confront her opponents in a face-to-face encounter. (RM)|

Bennett, Paul W.

1986-01-01

426

Congressional Charter of the American National Red Cross: Overview, History, and Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent months, Congress has begun to review the performance and management of the American National Red Cross (ANRC). This review has been prompted, in part, by questions regarding the performance of the ANRC in response to Hurricane Katrina. The perfo...

K. R. Kosar

2006-01-01

427

American mixed-race literature: Cultural history, precursors, identities, and forms of expression  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation focuses on recent instances of mixed race literature in American culture such as Danzy Senna's novel Caucasia, Rebecca Walker's Black, White, and Jewish: Autobiography of a Shifting Self , and Kip Fulbeck's Paper Bullets: A Fictional Autobiography . This dissertation suggests that these mixed race literary texts, as well as the multiracial experiences, sensibilities, themes, and expressions communicated

Gino Michael Pellegrini

2004-01-01

428

Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect. The American Negro, His History and Literature [Series].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present text on Gullah, a dialect of a large number of Negroes in South Carolina and Georgia, is a reprint of the original volume published in 1949 by the University of Chicago Press. (Publication of the original was aided by a subsidy from the American Council of Learned Societies.) In the first preface, the author remarks on the current…

Turner, Lorenzo Dow

429

The War at Home: Oral Histories from Japanese Americans at Seabrook Farms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Japanese American relocation program during World War II. Maintains that one option to the camps was to move to Seabrook Farms, a vegetable and food processing facility in New Jersey. Presents oral historical accounts and photographs of Seabrook. (CFR)

Humanities, 1995

1995-01-01

430

American Majorities and Minorities: A Syllabus of United States History for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patterned after traditional curricula currently used in our nation's schools, this syllabus integrates into the course of study the contributions of Afro-Americans and other minorities to our common heritage and aims for the preparation of good citizens. Each unit of this 36-38 week course is offered as a basis for preparing daily lesson plans and…

Halliburton, Warren J.; Katz, William Loren

431

Schooled to Work. Vocationalism and the American Curriculum, 1876-1946. Reflective History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book traces the evolution of job training as an educational ideal, beginning with the drive to install manual training in American schools and proceeding to vocational education and to vocationalization, which includes vocational education but also incorporates the idea that the curriculum as a whole, not just a part of it, exists for the…

Kliebard, Herbert M.

432

"Apathetic, Active, or Antagonistic": A History of the American Sociological Association's Involvement in High School Sociology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The role that the American Sociological Association (ASA) has historically played in reforming high school sociology courses has been alternately apathetic, active, or antagonistic. Apathy marked the time period between 1905 and about 1960, and again during most of the 1970s and 1980s. The Association played a much more active role during the New…

DeCesare, Michael

2004-01-01

433

There Is More to Our History of Giving: The Place of Introductory Textbooks in American Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their continued widespread use in higher education, introductory psychology textbooks have rarely been the subject of historical study. The centennial of the American Psychological Association offers an appropriate moment for considering the disciplinary and cultural functions of introudctory texts. Preliminary analysis indicates that this literary genre has contained far more than a compendium of secondhand knowledge; it also has

Jill G. Morawski

1992-01-01

434

The Natural History of American Black - White Relations: A Question of Structural Persistence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this paper is on the Piedmont and Tidewater regions of the American South. Traditional social patterns tend to be used as models as long as they serve the community's purposes. In the community of slave and planter in ante-bellum Tidewater Southern U.S.A., a group of privileged blacks known generally as house servants came to…

Shute, Gary

435

The History and Development of the Alabama Division of the American Rehabilitation Counseling Association  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alabama Division of the American Rehabilitation Association is an organization committed to representing those counselors who work in the field of rehabilitation across the state. The division is focused on offering leadership within the field of rehabilitation counseling, promoting professional development opportunities for counselors, and…

Templeton, Mary Anne

2007-01-01

436

A History of Black and Brown: Chicana/o-African American Cultural and Political Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rather than assume that ethnicity or race necessarily marks the edges of one's culture or politics, the contributors to this dossier highlight the messy, blurry, and often contradictory relationships that arise when Chicana/os and African Americans engage one another. The essays explore the complicated mix of cooperation and conflict that…

Alvarez, Luis; Widener, Daniel

2008-01-01

437

A Part, Yet Apart: South Asians in Asian America. Asian American History and Culture Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The essays in this collection consider the extent to which South Asian Americans are included within "Asian America" as the term is applied to academic programs and admissions policies, grassroots community organizing and politics, and critical analyses of cultural products. The essays are: (1) "Within Kaleidoscope Eyes: The Potential (Dangers)…

Shankar, Lavina Dhingra, Ed.; Srikanth, Rajini, Ed.

438

Schooled to Work. Vocationalism and the American Curriculum, 1876-1946. Reflective History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book traces the evolution of job training as an educational ideal, beginning with the drive to install manual training in American schools and proceeding to vocational education and to vocationalization, which includes vocational education but also incorporates the idea that the curriculum as a whole, not just a part of it, exists for the…

Kliebard, Herbert M.

439

Women in the Military: Sexual Harassment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The incorporation of the females into the U.S. armed forces has been an evolutionary process, spanning more than 200 years of U.S. history. Since 1972 the number of women in the military has increased significantly. During this time, our military services...

W. McMillian

1993-01-01

440

Ingredients of military genius. Student essay  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with military genius from an historical and a classical theory perspective. The author modifies an approach developed by Carl von Clausewitz that makes use of theory as a framework for the study of history. Clausewitz used theory to study campaigns of Napoleon. This article uses Clausewitz's theory of military genius to study some of the great captains

Blair

1986-01-01

441

An early manuscript in the history of American comparative psychology: Lewis Henry Morgan's "Animal Psychology" (1857).  

PubMed

Lewis Henry Morgan (1818-1881) is best known as the 1st ethnographer of Native American culture, but he also wrote on animal psychology, beginning in 1843, some 50 years before the founding of comparative psychology as a scientific discipline. Although not an evolutionist, Morgan argued that animals possess many human mental abilities, such as reason and moral judgment, and he rejected the scientific utility of the concept of instinct, a view that did not gain much currency in psychology until the rise of behaviorism in the 1920s. This 1857 manuscript, which is in the Lewis Henry Morgan Papers at the University of Rochester in Rochester, New York, formed the basis for the last chapter of his 1868 monograph on the American beaver but gives additional information on his sources and an expanded criticism of the concept of instinct. PMID:12465615

Johnston, Timothy D

2002-11-01

442

Ella Thea Smith and the Lost History of American High School Biology Textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two influential articles published in the 1970s suggested that pressure from Christian fundamentalists, subsequent to the\\u000a Scopes trial of 1925, forced American high school biology textbook authors and publishers to significantly limit discussion\\u000a of the topic of evolution. The conclusions reached by these studies have become foundational for historians examining the\\u000a interplay between science and religion in the United States

Ronald P. Ladouceur

2008-01-01

443

Foster Care History and HIV Infection among Drug-Using African American Female Sex Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foster care has been associated with increased HIV risk behaviors among youth, yet long-term association with HIV infection\\u000a has not been examined. This study explored the associations between foster placement, victimization, mental health, onset\\u000a of sex work and HIV infection among highly vulnerable female sex workers. 562 drug-involved African American women were enrolled\\u000a into an intervention study to increase health

Hilary L. SurrattSteven; Steven P. Kurtz

444

HBV prevalence, natural history, and treatment in India and Indian Americans in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

India is considered to be an intermediate area with respect to the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (CHBV) infection.\\u000a Although CHBV prevalence in the United States is low, a growing incidence of this condition has been reported there, especially\\u000a in Asian Americans. Recent studies from India have highlighted the fact that a significant proportion of CHBV-infected patients\\u000a with normal

Shiv K. Sarin; Manoj Kumar

2009-01-01

445

Parental history and early-onset type 2 diabetes in African Americans and Latinos in Chicago  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the role of parental diabetes mellitus (DM) in the development of type 2 DM among children and adolescents from high-risk ethnic groups. Study design: A population-based dataset of insulin-treated diabetes among African American and Latino children <18 years old yielded 243 cases who completed an interview. A subset with features of type 2 DM was identified (n

Kingsley U. Onyemere; Rebecca B. Lipton

2002-01-01

446

Principles of American Democracy. Course Models for the History-Social Science Framework, Grade 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource document is designed to assist teachers in implementing the "History-Social Science Framework for California Public Schools, Kindergarten through Grade Twelve." The purpose of these models is to support implementation of the "Framework" at the local level. In addition to serving as a resource for teachers and other developers of…

Prescott, Stephanie, Ed.; And Others

447

Does the American Family Have a History? Family Images and Realities. Introduction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the changes and diversity in the history of the U.S. family. Focuses on topics such as family life during colonial times, the themes and variations in family patterns, the emergence of the "republican" family, enslaved families, family life during the twentieth century, and contemporary families. (CMK)

Mintz, Steven

2001-01-01

448

From the Battlefront of the Texas History Wars: Contending with "American Exceptionalism"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It was in late May of 2010 that the Texas State Board of Education (SBOE) took their final vote on the curriculum standards that will have an impact on what millions of students in Texas as well as dozens of other states will learn about history and social studies for the next 10 years. These "Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills" (TEKS)…

Noboa, Julio

2011-01-01

449

"Remember the Ladies!" A Handbook of Women in American History. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This sourcebook for teaching about women in U.S. history classes is arranged in seven chapters. Each chapter contains background information and a selection of primary source writings by both men and women. Attention is directed toward the activities and status of both white and minority women in all periods. Chapter I, "Women of the Colonial…

Franklin, Robin; Wolf, Tasha Lebow

450

William C. Bagley and the Founding of Essentialism: An Untold Story in American Educational History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Most people who study the history and philosophy of education have heard of essentialism, but few people know the story behind how, when, and why the movement came to exist. This paper tells this story for the first time. Purpose/Conclusions: This essay has three purposes. First, it provides an introduction to the life and…

Null, J. Wesley

2007-01-01

451

Materials and Area of Study for Advanced Placement Program in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and evaluates benefits of advanced placement programs and identifies materials which can help high school history classroom teachers develop effective advanced placement programs. An advanced placement program is defined as a program which requires a student to do extensive research and writing throughout the school year.…

Santos, Peter A.

452

Getting Medieval on American History Research: A Method to Help Students Think Historically  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an attempt to increase college history majors' ability to analyze primary sources, the author set up a unique research project designed to tap into his students' personal interests, and which would utilize a specific method requiring them to grapple with primary source materials in an unfamiliar, though hopefully more profitable fashion. The…

Burkholder, Peter

2010-01-01

453

"Remember the Ladies!" A Handbook of Women in American History. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook for teaching about women in U.S. history classes is arranged in seven chapters. Each chapter contains background information and a selection of primary source writings by both men and women. Attention is directed toward the activities and status of both white and minority women in all periods. Chapter I, "Women of the Colonial…

Franklin, Robin; Wolf, Tasha Lebow

454

SELECTED LIFE HISTORY ATTRIBUTES OF SOME NORTH AMERICAN ENDEMIC AND INTRODUCED SPECIES OF FISHES  

EPA Science Inventory

Selected life history data has been tabulated to allow the utilization of such data - characterizing relationships among and with selected species. The data presented were collected for the express purpose of testing a hypotheses about the tolerance of species to toxicants. Much ...

455

The Images of Our Time: Using Iconic Photographs in Developing a Modern American History Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|History courses based on chronological narratives in textbooks often assume a linear format through which students accumulate substantial amounts of surface-level information, with the various pieces of that information being disconnected from each other and from larger historical contexts. In addition, such narratives are often dry and lifeless,…

Lindquist, David H.

2012-01-01

456

American History on the Screen: A Teacher's Resource Book on Film and Video.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many students, films and television provide not only a chief source of entertainment, but their only glimpse of history outside of a formal classroom. This book aims to stimulate media awareness and critical viewing skills in students through lessons in critical analysis and historical interpretation of selected films. The films chosen for…

Wilson, Wendy S.; Herman, Gerald H.

457

The Revolution in American History. Curriculum Report, Vol. 5, No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight social studies programs in Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, New York, and Virginia are described which offer high school students an opportunity to study the history of the United states using innovative, nontraditional approaches. The content of the eight courses is outlined and discussed in terms of objectives, teacher rationale in designing…

National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.

458

Exploration to Constitution: Booklet 1. Critical Thinking in American History. Teacher's Guide and Source Envelope.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this teacher's guide presents a series of supplementary ready-to-use lesson plans for teaching high school students about the exploration of early America, the colonies, the revolution, and the Constitution. The introduction presents…

O'Reilly, Kevin

459

Exploration to Constitution: Booklet 1. Critical Thinking in American History. [Student Manual].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this student booklet presents high school students with a series of supplementary lessons on the exploration of early America, the colonies, the revolution, and the Constitution. The booklet begins with a guide to critical thinking…

O'Reilly, Kevin

460

AMERICAN HISTORY-LEVEL IV FOR USE IN TALENT PRESERVATION PROJECT SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TO PROVIDE MEANINGFUL INSTRUCTION, THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES ARE GIVEN--TO ACQUAINT THE STUDENT WITH PRINCIPAL EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES, TO DEVELOP APPRECIATION OF BASIC DEMOCRATIC PRACTICES, TO PROMOTE A DESIRE FOR GOOD CITIZENSHIP, TO INFORM STUDENTS OF THE BASIC RIGHTS GUARANTEED BY THE CONSTITUTION, TO OUTLINE A PROJECT OF…

MATHIS, JAMES L.

461

The Texas Tommy, Its History, Controversies, and Influence on American Vernacular Dance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In dance histories the Texas Tommy is a noted but contentious member of the family of 1910s Rag dances. Its disputed geographical origins and the dance’s questionable relationship to the Apache have resulted in inadequate information and in mythologizing about the Texas Tommy, a significant predecessor to the larger genre of Swing dances. This thesis attempts to map the Texas

Rebecca Ruth Strickland

2006-01-01

462

The Imprint of History on Communities of North American and Asian Warblers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ecology of the component species of an adaptive radiation is likely to be influenced by the form of the founding ancestor to the radiation, its timing, and rates of speciation and extinction. These historical features complement environmental se- lection pressures. They imply that, if the history of the species' ra- diations are very different, ecological communities are unlikely to

Trevor Price; Irby J. Lovette; Eldredge Bermingham; H. Lisle Gibbs; Adam D. Richman

2000-01-01

463

William C. Bagley and the Founding of Essentialism: An Untold Story in American Educational History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background/Context: Most people who study the history and philosophy of education have heard of essentialism, but few people know the story behind how, when, and why the movement came to exist. This paper tells this story for the first time. Purpose/Conclusions: This essay has three purposes. First, it provides an introduction to the life and…

Null, J. Wesley

2007-01-01

464

The Purposes of the Press: A Re-Interpretation of American Journalism History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study of United States journalism history has been dominated by an interpretation founded on the idea of progress. This interpretation is based on the assumption that the essential characteristics of the press are thorough, fast, accurate news reporting; enlightened, effective presentation of opinion; entertainment; and press independence and…

Whitby, Gary; Sloan, William David

465

“Indians” and native Americans in the movies: A history of stereotypes, distortions, and displacements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge about Indian cultures and history among non?native children is extremely limited and stereotyped due to a continued process of distortions and displacements in literature and particularly in Hollywood movies. The dual Indian stereotype was functionalized according to the colonizers’ interests. Hollywood movies depicted Indians first as noble or blood?thirsty savages, then, in the fifties, as cyphers in melodramatic racial

Hartmut Lutz

1990-01-01

466

Lessons on the Constitution. Supplements to High School Courses in American History, Government and Civics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These curriculum materials about various aspects of the United States Constitution are designed as supplements to high school courses in history, civics, and government. They include 60 original lessons for students, accompanied by lesson plans for teachers, and are divided into five chapters. Chapter I, "Documents of Freedom" includes the…

Patrick, John J.; Remy, Richard C.

467

Using a Historical Incident to Focus on Value Formation. A Lesson Plan in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses the importance of teaching values in U.S. history classes. Reviews current literature on values development. Presents a lesson plan on John Adams and his decision-making role in the Boston Massacre incident. Asks students to examine the parallels between Adams' decision to defend the British soldiers and their own lives. (RW)

Richburg, Robert W.; Nelson, Barbara J.

1990-01-01

468

The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and…

Fraser, Cary

2009-01-01

469

Government news management, bias and distortion in American press coverage of the Brazilian Coup of 1964  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using content analysis, this article analyzes American newspaper and magazine coverage of the Brazilian Coup of 1964. One of the most decisive events in Brazilian history, the coup instituted a repressive military regime that ruled Brazil for twenty years. The dominant press view, that the coup occurred to thwart an imminent Communist takeover, is at odds with historical scholarship, as

W. Michael Weis

1997-01-01

470

Lost Battalions: The Great War and the Crisis of American Nationality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constructed as a military history of two American army regiments of World War I, Slotkin's narrative functions as an inquiry into the soldiers'racial and ethnic backgrounds. Both units were raised in New York City: one consisted of black soldiers, the other of recent immigrants. That description only begins the contextual social spectrum Slotkin covers in arguing his thesis: that white

Richard Slotkin

2005-01-01

471

WOMEN'S MILITARY ROLES CROSS-NATIONALLYPast, Present, and Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines a theory of what affects the degree and nature of women's participation in the armed forces throughout history and across nations. Examining national security situations, military technology, military accession policies, demographic patterns, cultural values regarding gender, and structural patterns of gender roles, the article proposes a systematic theory of the conditions under which women's military roles expand

MADY WECHSLER SEGAL

1995-01-01

472

Desdemona's Handkerchief, Othello's Sword: The Genetic and Gendered Roots of Oppression in Early American History  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand the sexuality of the European colonist to the new world, we need to understand who the people were that came over, why they did, and then place those actions in perspective of human history. We see that the first European explorers of North America were all men. Women didn’t come over until it was time to colonize(Himelfarb). There’s

Zac S Caldwell

2012-01-01

473

Indicators and Indices of Child Well-being: A Brief American History  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces the history of indicators and indices of child well-being from its origins in the social indicator movement\\u000a of the 1970s through recent developments in the field. Initial work calling for comprehensive sets of indicators of child\\u000a well-being and later recommendations for indicator improvement are detailed. Products that resulted from these recommendations,\\u000a such as comprehensive indicator reports and

Laura H. Lippman

2007-01-01

474

North American Glacial History Extended to 75,000 Years Ago  

Microsoft Academic Search

By concentrating carbon-14 through thermal diffusion, it is possible to extend the range of carbon-14 dating to 75,000 years ago. Samples with very low contamination levels have been encountered, and a reliable chronology appears possible. A Pacific Northwest climatic curve has been derived from palynological studies. The Pacific Northwest curve and the Great Lakes glacial history are age-calibrated by radiocarbon

Minze Stuiver; Calvin J. Heusser; In Che Yang

1978-01-01

475

North American glacial history extended to 75,000 years ago  

Microsoft Academic Search

By concentrating carbon-14 through thermal diffusion, it is possible to extend the range of carbon-14 dating to 75,000 years ago. Samples with very low contamination levels have been encountered, and a reliable chronology appears possible. A Pacific Northwest climatic curve has been derived from palynological studies. The Pacific Northwest curve and the Great Lakes glacial history are age-calibrated by radiocarbon

M. Stuiver; C. J. Heusser; I. C. Yang

1978-01-01

476

Slavery, the Civil War Era, and African American Representation in U.S. History: An Analysis of Four States' Academic Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a mixed-methods text analysis of African American representation within K-12 U.S. History content standards treating the revolutionary era, the early U.S. republic, the Civil War era, and Reconstruction. The states included in the analysis are Michigan, New Jersey, South Carolina, and Virginia. The analysis finds that the reviewed standards devote considerable space to African Americans during the

Carl B. Anderson; Scott Alan Metzger

2011-01-01

477

Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 46th state, Oklahoma, presents its unusual history with the online version of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. The Encyclopedia was prepared by over 500 "university-based scholars and independent historians and scholars," and was a joint effort by The Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. Visitors can click on the "Table of Contents" link near the bottom of the homepage to "Browse Entries Alphabetically", "Browse Entries Chronologically", or "Browse Entries by Subject". Browsing via chronology introduces visitors to Oklahoma starting with the "Precontact Era", through the "Westward Expansion" and on to "Twentieth Century to Present". Subject categories include "African Americans", "Farming", "Military", and "Petroleum". When searching, visitors will be taken to the Electronic Publishing Center Search Page, so they will need to choose the specific collection, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, from the drop down box, to confine the search to the Encyclopedia.

478

Recruitment strategies and comparison of prostate cancer-specific clinical data on African-American and Caucasian males with and without family history.  

PubMed

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the United States. This is a complex disease with high heterogeneity and the exact causes are unknown in population-specific samples. Family history is a primary risk factor irrespective of race. Identifying prostate cancer families with multiple affected cancer cases is challenging. Herein we document recruitment techniques and present prostate cancer clinical factors described in a cohort of African Americans and Caucasians with or without a strong family history. A total of 521 prostate cancer patients (241 African Americans and 280 Caucasians) were identified using a novel cooperative methodology involving a combination of treating physicians and tumor registries. Higher prostate-specific antigen (PSA, P=0.0269) was found in familial cases as compared to sporadic cases in African-American men. In addition, PSA values for familial cases were higher (P=0.0093) in African-American as compared to Caucasian men. No differences were detected in Gleason score values in either race, regardless of family history. These findings remained the same after adjustment was made for age at diagnosis. In conclusion, methodologies for cohort acquisition, and clinical characteristics, are described for men with and without a family history of prostate cancer using both Caucasian and African-American populations. PMID:18268528

Mandal, D M; Sartor, O; Halton, S L; Mercante, D E; Bailey-Wilson, J E; Rayford, W

2008-02-12

479

Natural History of Alcohol Dependence and Remission Events for a Native American Sample*  

PubMed Central

Objective Examining the progression of a disorder cross-culturally may help distinguish elements common to addictions from those that are differentially shaped by culture. This study sought to construct a combined sequence of both problem emergence and recovery efforts with Native Americans. Method In a cross-sectional sample, 44 adult Native Americans (61% men) who had resolved alcohol dependence completed face-to-face interviews at a research center. The Alcohol Related Behaviors Survey and the Change Effort Card-sorts along with measures of alcohol involvement and current quality of life were administered. Results This sample’s sequence of alcohol-related events was compared to that reported for Jellinek’s historical while male sample (rs = .46, p = .001), a recent Navajo sample (rs = .33, p = .024), and a recent Mission Indian sample (rs = .28, p = 24). This sample’s sequence of change efforts was compared to that in the Navajo sample (rs = .33, p = .182). Conclusions Despite the small sample size precluding generalizability, there was greater concordance between this intertribal sample and Jellinek’s while male sample than between this sample and a Mission Indian sample, indicating both cross-cultural and intracultural variation. In addition, change efforts begin during the development of alcohol problems rather than waiting until the person “hits bottom,” as suggested by previous research. Integrating the pathology of substance-use disorders with the process of resolving those disorders extends our understanding of the course of alcohol dependence.

Venner, Kamilla L.; Feldstein, Sarah W.

2010-01-01

480

Infinity of Nations: Art and History in the Collections of the National Museum of the American Indian  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in New York, the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) "houses one of the world's great cultural resources, with collections representing the Native peoples of the Americas from their earliest history to the present day." Housed in the museum's George Gustav Heye Center, the Infinity of Nations exhibit presents several hundred works from the NMAI that are culturally, historically, and aesthetically important. The objects include a Diné (Navajo) first phase chief blanket and a pottery plate, complete with candleholders from the mission church at the ancestral A:shiwi (Zuni) village of Hawikku. On the exhibit's website, visitors can explore some of these items via a series of geographical headings on the right-hand side of the homepage. Each of these headings includes a brief profile of each broad group of Native American peoples (such as those in the Southwest), along with a grid of 27 images. Visitors can click on each image to learn more about the item, and taken as a whole, each heading offers a tantalizing bit of information on these different societies.

481

Juneteenth celebrants across the country hope to gain recognition for an important day in American history  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Juneteenth Worldwide Celebrationhttp://www.juneteenth.com/Late to Freedom's Party, Texans Spread Word of Black Holidayhttp://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/18/us/late-to-freedom-s-party-texans-spread-word-of-black-holiday.html?scp=4&sq=juneteenth%20-ellison&st=cseDishing Up Juneteenthhttp://voices.washingtonpost.com/mighty-appetite/2007/06/making_room_for_juneteenth_at.htmlLetter to President Obamahttp://www.juneteenth.us/obama.htmlWashington Juneteenth 2009 Calendar of Eventshttp://www.19thofjune.com/calendar/index.htmlThe Handbook of Texas Online: Juneteenthhttp://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/JJ/lkj1.htmlToday marks the 144th anniversary of the original Juneteenth on June 19th, 1865 when Union General Gordon Granger and federal troops arrived in Galveston, Texas to enforce the abolition of slavery. The move, however, was made nearly two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation was enacted, making Texas one of the last states to free its slaves. Until recently, Juneteenth was primarily celebrated in Texas, where it has been a state holiday since 1980. However, the last decade has seen an increase in the number of communities celebrating Juneteenth. In May, Kansas became the most recent state to recognize Juneteenth as a state holiday, joining 30 others, and a movement to have the holiday recognized nationally has gained prominence. Juneteenth is traditionally celebrated as an outdoor potluck or barbeque with family, friends, and neighbors (don't forget the strawberry soda!) and larger communities will often sponsor citywide celebrations including public readings, speakers, and other events. Described in the above New York Times article from 2004 as "Martin Luther King's Birthday without the grieving," the celebrations commemorate African American freedom, and increasingly, that freedom is celebrated by Americans from all walks of life. And this year, the holiday has taken on an even more poignant aspect; if you look at local and regional newspapers across the country, you'll see that President Obama is a very sought-after attendee for each Juneteenth celebration.The first link will take visitors to some basic information about Juneteenth, its origins and celebrations, how others around the world celebrate, and how to get a Celebrate Juneteenth yard sign to bring the tradition to each neighborhood. The second article, by Julia Moskin of the New York Times, details the traditions of Juneteenth and how the popularity of the holiday is growing to include an increasingly diverse group of revelers. The third link is to A Mighty Appetite, Kim O'Donnel's Washington Post food blog, "your daily online bread." In this article, O'Donnel details a recipe for red rice that she believes merges American and African traditions to "tell the many stories of slavery." The fifth document is an open letter to President Obama from January of this year, requesting a presidential proclamation that Juneteenth be declared a national holiday. This request comes from Chairman of the National Juneteenth Observance Foundation Rev. Ronald V. Myers Sr., and granting this request, in his words, would be "instrumental in bringing all Americans together in a spirit of unity and reconciliation." The sixth link takes visitors to the calendar page of the Washington D.C. Juneteenth 2009 celebration page, where they can find out about all the events of the weekend, including a 3K run, a prayer breakfast, and a memorial service. The last link, from the Handbook of Texas Online, ties the holiday to statewide traditions and how it has been celebrated in various Texas communities.

Coffin, Andrea

2009-06-19

482

American Approach to Limited War.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Limited war has been a prominent feature in United States military history. Past applications of limited military power in war have dramatically furthered U.S. national interests. But despite encouraging experiences with limited war from independence to t...

B. Warrington

1994-01-01

483

North american glacial history extended to 75,000 years ago.  

PubMed

By concentrating carbon-14 through thermal diffusion, it is possible to extend the range of carbon-14 dating to 75,000 years ago. Samples with very low contamination levels have been encountered, and a reliable chronology appears possible. A Pacific Northwest climatic curve has been derived from palynological studies. The Pacific Northwest curve and the Great Lakes glacial history are age-calibrated by radiocarbon dating. The climatic patterns in the Pacific Northwest and Northwest Europe are similar in the early part of the last glaciation, with interstades near 60,000, 65,000, and 70,000 years ago. An age of 74,700 years for the St. Pierre interstade indicates a possible correlation with the previous interglacial. PMID:17847310

Stuiver, M; Heusser, C J; Yang, I C

1978-04-01

484

The Pan American Health Organization and international health: a history of training, conceptualization, and collective development.  

PubMed

A constantly changing and increasingly complex global environment requires leaders with special competencies to respond effectively to this scenario. Within this context, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) goes beyond traditional leadership training models both in terms of its design as well as its conceptual approach to international health. As an intergovernmental, centenary organization in health, PAHO allows participants a unique vantage point from which to conceptualize, share experiences and develop projects relevant to international health. Derived from over two decades of experience (1985-2006) training professionals through its predessor Training Program in International Health, the Leaders in International Health Program "Edmundo Granda Ugalde" (LIHP) utilizes an innovative design, virtual and practical learning activities, and a problem-based approach to analyze the main concepts, theories, actors, forces, and processes relevant to international health. In collaboration with PAHO/WHO Representative Offices and national institutions, participants develop country projects based on priority health issues, many of which are integrated into the Organization's technical cooperation and/or implemented by relevant ministries and other entities in their respective countries/subregions. A total of 185 participants representing 31 countries have participated in the LIHP since its inception in 2008, building upon the 187 trained through its predecessor. These initiatives have contributed to the development of health professionals in the Region of the Americas devoted to international health, as well as provided important input towards a conceptual understanding of international health by fostering debate on this issue. PMID:22159721

Auer, Annella; Guerrero Espinel, Juan Eduardo

2011-08-01

485

American Women and American Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The American Studies Association (ASA) is an interprofessional group, representing a cross-section of persons from American literature, American history, the social sciences, philosophy, archeology, Black Studies, Urban Studies, American Studies, and others. This document by the ASA Commission on the Status of Women includes: (1) a report of the…

Chmaj, Betty E.

486

Slavery, the Civil War Era, and African American Representation in U.S. History: An Analysis of Four States' Academic Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is a mixed-methods text analysis of African American representation within K-12 U.S. History content standards treating the revolutionary era, the early U.S. republic, the Civil War era, and Reconstruction. The states included in the analysis are Michigan, New Jersey, South Carolina, and Virginia. The analysis finds that the reviewed…

Anderson, Carl B.; Metzger, Scott Alan

2011-01-01

487

An Energy Curriculum for the Middle Grades. Unit Two: Energy and American History With Adaptations for Science, Language Arts, Practical Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to integrate energy education into the curriculum of the middle school grades. It contains a rationale; a detailed introduction including a teacher's guide, glossary, and bibliography; a teacher's guide to a cartoon book; and separate teacher's entries and student entries for various eras of American history. The subjects…

Indiana State Dept. of Public Instruction, Indianapolis. Div. of Curriculum.

488

Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Computerized Self-Administered Diet History Questionnaire for Use in Studies of American Indian and Alaskan Native People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collection of dietary intake in epidemiologic studies in- volves using methods that are comprehensive yet appro- priate for the population being studied. Here we describe a diet history questionnaire (DHQ) that was developed using an audio self-administered computer-assisted in- terview technique. The DHQ was developed for use in a cohort of American Indians and Alaskan Natives with tribal input and

MARTHA L. SLATTERY; MAUREEN A. MURTAUGH; MARY CATHERINE SCHUMACHER; JENNIFER JOHNSON; SANDRA EDWARDS; ROGER EDWARDS; JOAN BENSON; LILLIAN TOM-ORME; ANNE P. LANIER

489

The Half-Opened Door: Discrimination and Admissions at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, 1900-1970. Contributions in American History, Number 80.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The origins, history, and final demise of discriminatory admissions policies at Harvard, Princeton and Yale are examined. It is reported that by the early 1920's the Big Three racial and religious quotas were fully operative in response to the influx of Jews, Catholics, and other new groups that threatened the hegemony of the old-stock Americans

Synnott, Marcia Graham

490

Five Good Reasons to Show "Great Guy" (1936) in Our U.S. History and American Studies Classes (and the Challenges We'll Face)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of the most versatile and multi-faceted films that an educator can use to illustrate urban America in the 1930s is "Great Guy," a relatively obscure film from 1936 directed by John G. Blystone and starring James Cagney and Mae Clarke. There are some simple practical considerations that make the film such a good fit for an American history or…

Allocco, Katherine

2010-01-01

491

The Impact of Stress on the Life History Strategies of African American Adolescents: Cognitions, Genetic Moderation, and the Role of Discrimination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The impact of 3 different sources of stress--environmental, familial (e.g., low parental investment), and interpersonal (i.e., racial discrimination)--on the life history strategies (LHS) and associated cognitions of African American adolescents were examined over an 11-year period (5 waves, from age 10.5 to 21.5). Analyses indicated that each…

Gibbons, Frederick X.; Roberts, Megan E.; Gerrard, Meg; Li, Zhigang; Beach, Steven R. H.; Simons, Ronald L.; Weng, Chih-Yuan; Philibert, Robert A.

2012-01-01

492

Shaping a New Nation: Turning Points in American History. A Report on a Research Study, 2005-2006. Interim Technical Report No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research paper examines the effectiveness of the Teaching American History (TAH) Program in Jefferson County, Kentucky from 2005-2006. We employ a combination of survey, interview, observational, and data mining research methods to examine attainment of program objectives and goals. In addition to evaluating the overall effectiveness of the…

Reio, Thomas G., Jr.; Bratton, Angela R.

2006-01-01

493

Slavery, the Civil War Era, and African American Representation in U.S. History: An Analysis of Four States' Academic Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a mixed-methods text analysis of African American representation within K-12 U.S. History content standards treating the revolutionary era, the early U.S. republic, the Civil War era, and Reconstruction. The states included in the analysis are Michigan, New Jersey, South Carolina, and Virginia. The analysis finds that the reviewed…

Anderson, Carl B.; Metzger, Scott Alan

2011-01-01

494

An Energy Curriculum for the Middle Grades. Unit Two: Energy and American History With Adaptations for Science, Language Arts, Practical Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is intended to integrate energy education into the curriculum of the middle school grades. It contains a rationale; a detailed introduction including a teacher's guide, glossary, and bibliography; a teacher's guide to a cartoon book; and separate teacher's entries and student entries for various eras of American history. The subjects…

Indiana State Dept. of Public Instruction, Indianapolis. Div. of Curriculum.

495

Proceedings of the Conference of the American Journalism Historians Association (Lawrence, Kansas, October 1-3, 1992). Part II: Journalism History in the Twentieth Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This proceedings contain 16 papers on American journalism history in the 20th century. Papers in the proceedings are: "News Suppression & Press Intimidation During the Nixon Administration" (Egbe Enonnchong); "The Persian Gulf War: Revolution in News Transmission" (Robert L. Spellman); "South Dakota's W. R. Ronald: Prairie Editor and an AAA…

American Journalism Historians' Association.

496

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Low-Income, Predominantly African American Women with PTSD and a History of Intimate Partner Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, we consider the use of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR; Kabat-Zinn, 1991) as a community-based intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among low-income, predominantly African American women with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV). The results of a pilot randomized clinical trial (RCT) of MBSR as…

Dutton, Mary Ann; Bermudez, Diana; Matas, Armely; Majid, Haseeb; Myers, Neely L.

2013-01-01

497

Significance of Religion as an Essential Component of the Military's Cultural Framework Strategy and Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For years, American diplomats have been trained to not discuss religion and have often excluded religious leaders from diplomacy. The United States military, to a lesser extent, has also tended to evade religion in conducting military operations and negot...

C. E. Reynolds

2010-01-01

498

Willingness of Mexican-American Adults to Share Family Health History with Healthcare Providers  

PubMed Central

Background Collecting family health history (FHH) information to share with healthcare providers is an important aspect of health-risk assessment. Purpose To examine associations between the content of FHH-informed risk feedback and willingness to share the information with a healthcare provider. Methods Data were collected between June 2008 and July 2009 from 475 Mexican origin adults residing in 161 households. Participants completed surveys 3 months after receiving FHH informed risk feedback. Households were randomly assigned to feedback conditions in which household members received one or more of the following: a FHH pedigree; personalized risk assessments; and tailored behavioral recommendations. Logistic regression models were fitted using generalized estimating equations, with exchangeable covariances, to account for the clustering of responses within and the random assignment of feedback condition to household. Analyses were completed in May 2010. Results Participants who received personalized risk assessments were more willing to share their feedback with a provider than those who received a pedigree only (OR=2.25, p=0.02). The receipt of tailored behavioral recommendations did not significantly increase willingness to share feedback with a provider (OR=0.79, p=0.48). Conclusions The provision of PRAs in FHH assessments appears to motivate participants to consider sharing their FHH with a healthcare provider.

Koehly, Laura M.; Ashida, Sato; Goergen, Andrea F.; Skapinsky, Kaley F.; Hadley, Donald W.; Wilkinson, Anna V.

2011-01-01

499

Demographic and phylogeographic histories of two venomous North American snakes of the genus Agkistrodon.  

PubMed

Many studies have revealed that lineages currently inhabiting formerly glaciated areas were pushed into southern glacial refugia and have expanded into their modern range since the last glacial maximum. There have been few studies that compare the effects of glacial cycles on lineage diversification and historical demography in closely related species with overlapping ranges. In this study we compare phylogeographic structure, historical demography, and approximate lineage age in two closely related and broadly co-occurring venomous snakes in eastern North America, the cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus) and copperhead (A. contortrix) using sequences from the mtDNA gene cytochrome b. We inferred three geographic lineages of A. contortrix and two of A. piscivorus with no common geographic or temporal pattern of lineage diversification identified for these species. Lineage diversification occurred in the Late Pliocene for A. piscivorus (approximately 2.5mya) and in the Early Pleistocene for A. contortrix ( approximately 1.5mya). Demographic estimates revealed population expansion following the last glacial maximum (approximately 20,000 years ago) in two lineages of A. contortrix (the Central clade and Eastern clade) and one lineage of A. piscivorus (the Continental clade). The Florida clade of A. piscivorus is the only lineage for which constant population size through time was inferred, possibly due to stable populations persisting in areas unaffected by glacial advances. Our data suggest that unique habitat preferences may have shaped both the phylogeographic and demographic histories of each species. PMID:18539486

Guiher, Timothy J; Burbrink, Frank T

2008-04-14

500

American Experience: Victory in the Pacific  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past several decades, the American Experience program created by WGBH has taken visitors on journeys to learn about the Alamo, Rosie the Riveter, and a myriad of other topics. This particular program offers insight and commentary on the American experience in the Pacific theater of operations during World War II. Visitors can watch the entire program here, and it includes testimony from those who were there, military historians, and others. The site also features an online forum, a general background article ("A Hell on Earth"), and a list of suggested books and websites. One of the more intriguing items is a propaganda leaflet dropped on Japan during the final few months of the war by American planes. This website would be quite helpful in world history classroom settings, and for those with a penchant for 20th century history in general.