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1

Documents in Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).

2

The Racial History of the U.S. Military Academies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the history of the entry of African American students and faculty into the nation's prestigious military institutions: the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, and the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs. Notes that the military's effort to diversify its troops and officer corps is a recent…

Hansen, Susan D.

1999-01-01

3

The history of military cranioplasty.  

PubMed

There is evidence that the neurosurgical procedure of cranioplasty is as ancient as its better-known counterpart, trephination. With origins in pre-Incan Peru, cranioplasty remains an important reconstructive procedure for modern craniofacial surgery teams to master. Solutions to the often challenging problem of repairing skull defects continue to evolve to improve patient outcomes. Throughout recorded history, advances in cranioplasty have paralleled major military conflicts due to survivorship after trephination or decompressive craniectomy. Primitive skull coverings used in Peru were later replaced during the Middle Ages by grafts obtained in animals and humans. Improved survivorship secondary to advances in anesthesia and battlefield medicine during the Crimean War and the American Civil War allowed the use of tantalum and acrylic cranioplasty to evolve during World Wars I and II. In the modern era of the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts, greater survivorship after cranial injury due to improvements in protective armor, medical evacuation, and early "far-forward" neurosurgical treatment have occurred. Consequently, the last decade has seen great advancement in cranial defect reconstruction, including custom-fabricated alloplast implants and the emergence of regenerative cranial treatments such as distraction osteogenesis, protected bone regeneration, and free tissue transfers. Comprehensive rehabilitation after neurotrauma has emerged as the new standard of care. PMID:24684330

Bonfield, Christopher M; Kumar, Anand R; Gerszten, Peter C

2014-04-01

4

Reexamining some management lessons from military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

2009-01-01

5

American Cultural History History 390  

E-print Network

.1 .C684 2008 (and Online) A Dictionary of American History REF E174 .A2 (and Online) Encyclopedia literature, consult the following indexes: Humanities and Social Sciences Index Retrospective (Online of American History REF E174 .E53 2003 Oxford Companion to United States History (Online) Find Primary Sources

Abolmaesumi, Purang

6

Military History and Fourth Generation Warfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines ‘Fourth Generation Warfare’ (4GW), a theory of how warfare has evolved and is evolving, from the perspective of military history. The author makes three primary claims: 4GW advocates' boxing of history into ‘generations’ is logically and temporally inconsistent; 4GW authors misuse history by selectively choosing case studies and applying them out of context; and other arguments regarding

Timothy J. Junio

2009-01-01

7

Preaching in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of twenty essary by nineteen authors attempts to describe the message, issues, and impact of American preaching as it has interacted with history and shaped American churches and society. The twenty topics, treated by individuals with advanced degrees in theology or speech, are: the role of preaching in American history; Puritan…

Holland, DeWitte, Ed.

8

African American History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

February is African American History Month, and, as the Library of Congress site notes, it's an area of history that should be incorporated into all discussions about American history. The Library of Congress listened to its own advice and created this most useful site to help students, teachers, and others to do just that. Visitors can read about a number of notable African Americans, including historian Carter G. Woodson and Congressman Major Owens. By clicking on the "Exhibits & Collections" area visitors can look through some of the digital collections related to various aspects of African American history. Additionally, the site also has other sections that provide primary materials on African Americans in the performing arts as well as oral histories from the Veterans History Project.

9

Natural History of Mitral Valve Prolapse in Military Aircrew  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a common cardiac abnormality whose natural history differs among various patient populations. High-performance flight is associated with exposure to varying acceleration forces and strenuous isometric physical activity. The effect of the military flying environment on the natural history and progression of MVP is poorly defined. Methods: We evaluated a cohort which included all military

Ori Wand; Alex Prokupetz; Alon Grossman; Amit Assa

2011-01-01

10

American Labor History Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Timothy G. Borden, a graduate student at Indiana University, and reprinted from the Winter 1997 issue of the Organization of American Historians Magazine of History, this manageable and useful bibliography would be a good addition to a reading list or syllabus for an undergraduate level course. The bibliography is organized roughly by chronological and topical concerns and represents some of the leading works in the field of American working-class studies.

1997-01-01

11

The Automobile in American History History 392  

E-print Network

­ present (REF AI3.R2) Humanities and Social Sciences Index Retrospective: 1907 - 1984 (Online) PAIS: 1915 Chronicles of American Life, 1910-1992 REF E169.1 .G664 1995 A Dictionary of American History REF E174 .A2 Encyclopedia of American Studies REF E169.1 .E625 Oxford Companion to United States History (Online) Find

Abolmaesumi, Purang

12

Andrew Case "American Environmental History"  

E-print Network

Andrew Case History "American Environmental History" Spring 2008 Advisor: William Cronon Classics of Environmental History," American Historical Review 100 (1995): 1177-89. Dunlap, Thomas. Saving America Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century World (2000). Nash, Roderick

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

13

The Zoot Suit Riots: Exploring Social Issues in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zoot Suit Riots provide students with a case study of social unrest in American history. The influx of Latinos into the Los Angeles area prior to World War II created high levels of social unrest between Mexican Americans, military servicemen, and local residences. With large numbers of soldiers stationed in the area during the Second World…

Chiodo, John J.

2013-01-01

14

Military Drill in the Service of American Hegemony over Hawaii  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, there has been an interest in investigating who have historically served in the American military, particularly during periods of war. These studies report that men from lower socio-economic groups tend to be over represented in military service, especially after voluntary service replaced the draft during the 1970s. Much work remains to…

Beyer, C. Kalani

2009-01-01

15

Classics of American Colonial History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by Dinsmore Documentation, Classics of American Colonial History is a research database consisting of scholarly books and articles on American colonial history that, according to the creators, "appear to be of continuing interest." The collection currently offers 22 source materials by 15 different authors. Browseable by author or subject, the collection contains subject categories including Administration, African Americans and Slavery, Economics and Trade, Immigration from Europe, Law, Native Americans, Politics, Religion, and Wars.

16

Military Geography and Geology: History and Technology  

E-print Network

of military geologists, Colonel E P F [Ted] Rose. Terrain always influences, sometimes dictates, the course of battles, conflicts and wars: From the canal of Xerxes to the caves of Afghanistan; from the clay neither to glorify war nor to condemn it. It simply reports hard learnt truths about the third, unwilling

Nottingham, University of

17

National Museum of American History  

E-print Network

National Museum of American History Strategic Plan 2013--2018 #12;Contents Looking Ahead 2 Mission Funding the Plan 12 Coda 15 A Tagline to Remember 16 Milestones 17 Credits 21 Love History. Use History. Make History. #12;Mission Through incomparable collections, rigorous research, and dynamic public

Mathis, Wayne N.

18

The military lens : doctrinal differences, misperception, and deterrence failure in Sino-American relations  

E-print Network

Nations, because of their different strategic situations, histories, and military cultures can have dramatically different beliefs about the nature of effective military doctrine, strategy, and capabilities. This dissertation ...

Twomey, Christopher P

2005-01-01

19

Ideology and American Educational History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of ideologies in the history of American education. A case study showing how the Protestant ideology influenced the social outlook and actions of school reformers in the antebellum period of the nineteenth century is included. (AM)

Kaestle, Carl F.

1982-01-01

20

Talking about War: Reflections on Doing Oral History and Military History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflects on the use of oral history in the author's scholarship on World War I and the peacetime U.S. army. Discusses the availability of accounts with veterans through oral history and provides a list of oral history sources of the military services. (CMK)

Coffman, Edward M.

2000-01-01

21

American Educational History Journal, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2001 annual publication contains 31 articles on topics germane to the history of education. Each year, this journal publishes papers presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest History of Education Society. After the "Introduction" (R. J. Taggart) articles in this year's issue are: "Origins of the American Federation of Teachers: Issues…

Watras, Joseph, Ed.

2001-01-01

22

History of American Photography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photography-as a commercial, popular, and artistic medium-has played a role in Americans' perception of their world; it has both expressed and channeled social change. In photographs, Americans discovered themselves in unpredictable and surprising ways, connected with different periods and social contexts as well as new technologies. Photography cannot be understood as a tirneline of formal styles and schools; instead one

Marjorie L McLellan

2001-01-01

23

Six American Histories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Histories of Blacks, Czechs, Germans, Jews, Mexicans, and Poles are provided in this resource guide. The histories are intended as a major background resource to help instructional staff members of the 45 school systems in Education Service Center, Region II, Corpus Christi, Texas, integrate ethnic heritage studies materials into classroom…

Wead, Margaret

24

Breaching the Walls of Academe: The Purposes, Problems, and Prospects of Military History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military history faces a dire fate. Fewer and fewer colleges and universities today regard the historical study of military institutions and practices a worthy social, and therefore scholarly, charge. John Lynn enters this debate, examining the state of military history, which he defines in terms of three genres: popular, applied, and academic.…

Lynn, John A., II

2008-01-01

25

A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917  

E-print Network

"A Paranoid State" examines the influence of middle to upper class anxieties through military intelligence officers' investigations of the American public in the First World War. Products of their past, Military Intelligence Department officers...

Strauss, Lon Jeffrey

2012-05-31

26

African American Alumni Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Digital Collections has tackled everything from Golda Meir to historic street maps in its quest to offer a diverse and wonderful view of the city's rich history. This particular collection brings together a clutch of oral histories that celebrate the African American experience at the institution. Visitors can look over a panel discussion with a range of recent alums titled, "African American Alumni and Students: Stories of Education and Success." Moving on, visitors can hear Clayborn Benson talk about his long career as a photojournalist or watch and listen to G. Spencer Coggs, who has been a prominent member of the Democratic Political Party in Wisconsin for many years. This is quite a trove of first-hand memories and a great tribute to the cityâÂÂs oral traditions.

27

African American Oral History Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Telling the story of Louisville's African American community is an ambitious goal and the University of Louisville's Oral History Center has done a fine job with this website. The process began in the 1970s with funding from the Kentucky Oral History Commission, which supported the collection's first batch of interviews. A wide range of people was interviewed for the project, including politicians, doctors, musicians, and educators as well as "regular folks." Currently, there are 27 interviews, and visitors can browse through them to get a sense of the offerings. One particularly fascinating interviewee is Dr. Jesse Bell, a longtime physician in Louisville. The collection will intrigue historians, urbanologists, and others with a passion for the American experience.

2010-01-01

28

National Museum of American History Branch Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subject concentration in the National Museum of American History Branch Library, a part of Smithsonian Institution Libraries system, is in the history of science and technology and American history, with emphasis on material culture and on documenting and servicing the museum's collections. Special collections include trade literature and…

Ratner, Rhoda S.

1986-01-01

29

A spacefaring nation - Perspectives on American space history and policy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present volume on perspectives on American space history and policy discusses decision-making, space science and scientific communities, postwar aeronautical research in the federal laboratory, and civilian and military remote sensing and reconnaissance. Attention is given to the interpenetration of science, technology, and politics; space 'sociology'; and space technology and planetary science from 1950 to 1985. Other topics addressed include the aeronautics infrastructure as it applies to aeronautics history, the Lewis Research Center and its transition to space, the relationship between NASA and the users of earth resources data, and methodology for researching a classified system for space reconnaissance.

Collins, Martin J. (editor); Fries, Sylvia D. (editor)

1991-01-01

30

Teaching American History Evaluation: Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, Congress established the Teaching American History (TAH) program, which seeks to improve student achievement by improving teachers' knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of traditional American history as a separate subject within the core curriculum. Under this program, grants are awarded to local education agencies (LEAs), which…

Weinstock, Phyllis; Tseng, Fannie; Humphrey, Daniel; Gillespie, Marilyn; Yee, Kaily

2011-01-01

31

American Association for the History of Nursing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for the History of Nursing (AAHN) website provides a wealth of resources -- such as online exhibits and subject bibliographies -- for persons interested in the history of nursing. The site also offers an annotated Internet link index to resources on nursing history. Overall, the AAHN website is a good resource for persons interested in medical history, as well as for nursing students taking courses on their professionâÂÂs history.

2007-02-22

32

Active Learning in American History Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the activities of a high school class that discovered the joy of history through experiential learning. Students learned traditional military tactics for their unit on the French and Indian Wars, and tried to apply them to a nearby woods. Includes similar activities for other historic periods. (MJP)

Brill, Janice

1996-01-01

33

Social Studies; Grade 11: American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This syllabus, revised in 1967, presents a thematic approach to history instruction with emphasis on concept development and relevant understandings. Five major topics focus on these areas: (1) American People (Immigration and Reaction to Immigrants, American Culture Patterns, Population, Civil Rights; (2) Government and Politics (Constitutional…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

34

The Indian in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The treatment of American Indians is discussed historically with reference to the 4 principal methods used to create or perpetuate false impressions: obliteration, defamation, disembodiment, and disparagement. Indian contributions to American civilization are cited in contrast with historical references to Indians in textbooks. The author suggests…

Vogel, Virgil J.

35

"A wealth of pearls"--Journal of American History "Let the bleacher fans rise as one and cheer Bison Books."--International Herald Tribune  

E-print Network

"A wealth of pearls"--Journal of American History "Let the bleacher fans rise as one and cheer Fiction 32­35, 59­60 France/French 32­35, 61, 68 Geography 29 Great Plains 4, 8­9, 52­53 History American History 4, 15, 19, 22, 23, 47, 50, 54, 57, 63, 65­67 Military History 14, 51 World History 44­45, 58, 62

Powers, Robert

36

The Future of American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that, although no one can predict what kinds of history U.S. historians will be writing in the 21st century, it is reasonable to ask what history might be needed and how scholars might address these needs. Provides four suggestions for priorities in historical research. (CFR)

Higham, John

1994-01-01

37

Jewish-American History on the Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Dedicated to 19th Century Jewish-American history, poetry and fiction, polemics and philosophy," this site provides an omnibus of historical materials relating to Jewish contributions to nineteenth-century American history with an emphasis upon the settlement of the West and the Civil War. Primary documents here include letters, memoirs, and slavery polemics of both Union and Confederate Jewish-Americans; the full-length chronicles of a Jewish-American artist's journey with Col. Fremont's Last Expedition "across the Rocky Mountains; including three months' residence in Utah, and a perilous trip across the Great American Desert to the Pacific;" and more. There are also secondary materials including book reviews of recent historical monographs on the history of the theological struggles between factions in the Jewish-American faith and articles detailing the lives of prominent Jewish-Americans of the time. An independent amateur historian maintains the site, and not all materials are as well introduced or contextualized as others. But for the interested user, it's that mythical chest in the attic -- full of items, some useless, others invaluable.

38

Gateway to African-American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This gateway created by the State Department's International Information Programs features well-annotated links to Internet sites devoted to African-American literature and historical studies or involved with African-American issues. The site links to bibliographies, archival and research sites, presidential speeches, and full-text versions of government reports and articles on such topics as The Amistad Revolt, the Civil Rights Movement, and President Clinton's National Conversation on Race. A link is also provided to The Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History whose theme for this millennial Black History Month is "Heritage and Horizons: The African-American Legacy and the Challenges of the 21st Century."

39

American Society and Culture Since 1877 History 314  

E-print Network

Chronicles of American Life, 1910-1992 REF E169.1 .G664 1995 A Dictionary of American History REF E174 .A2 (and Online) Encyclopedia of American History REF E174 .E53 2003 Encyclopedia of American Studies REF E169.1 .E625 2001 Oxford Companion to United States History (Online) Find Primary Sources For general

Abolmaesumi, Purang

40

Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

2010-01-01

41

Teaching Military History--Why and How: A History Institute for Teachers. Footnotes. Volume 12, Number 23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 29-30, 2007, FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education presented a weekend of discussion on "Teaching Military History: Why and How" for 35 teachers from 22 states across the country. The institute was held at the First Division Museum in Wheaton, Illinois and co-sponsored by the Cantigny First Division Foundation.…

Kuehner, Trudy

2007-01-01

42

Nature Transformed: The Environment in American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Humanities Center has recently added a second guide to its TeacherServe site (originally reviewed in the November 7, 1997 Scout Report). Nature Transformed: The Environment in American History contains a number of essays specifically tailored to classroom use. These are organized in three thematic sections: Native Americans and the Land, Wilderness and American Identity, and The Use of the Land. Each essay also features a section on guiding student discussion, a brief overview of the relevant historiographical debates, and links to related online resources.

2001-01-01

43

Reconstructing Native American Population History  

PubMed Central

The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved1–5. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred via a single6–8 or multiple streams of migration from Siberia9–15. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly understood. To address these questions at higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups genotyped at 364,470 single nucleotide polymorphisms. We show that Native Americans descend from at least three streams of Asian gene flow. Most descend entirely from a single ancestral population that we call “First American”. However, speakers of Eskimo-Aleut languages from the Arctic inherit almost half their ancestry from a second stream of Asian gene flow, and the Na-Dene-speaking Chipewyan from Canada inherit roughly one-tenth of their ancestry from a third stream. We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. A major exception is in Chibchan-speakers on both sides of the Panama Isthmus, who have ancestry from both North and South America. PMID:22801491

Reich, David; Patterson, Nick; Campbell, Desmond; Tandon, Arti; Mazieres, Stéphane; Ray, Nicolas; Parra, Maria V.; Rojas, Winston; Duque, Constanza; Mesa, Natalia; García, Luis F.; Triana, Omar; Blair, Silvia; Maestre, Amanda; Dib, Juan C.; Bravi, Claudio M.; Bailliet, Graciela; Corach, Daniel; Hünemeier, Tábita; Bortolini, Maria-Cátira; Salzano, Francisco M.; Petzl-Erler, María Luiza; Acuña-Alonzo, Victor; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Tusié-Luna, Teresa; Riba, Laura; Rodríguez-Cruz, Maricela; Lopez-Alarcón, Mardia; Coral-Vazquez, Ramón; Canto-Cetina, Thelma; Silva-Zolezzi, Irma; Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos; Contreras, Alejandra V.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo; Gómez-Vázquez, María José; Molina, Julio; Carracedo, Ángel; Salas, Antonio; Gallo, Carla; Poletti, Giovanni; Witonsky, David B.; Alkorta-Aranburu, Gorka; Sukernik, Rem I.; Osipova, Ludmila; Fedorova, Sardana; Vasquez, René; Villena, Mercedes; Moreau, Claudia; Barrantes, Ramiro; Pauls, David; Excoffier, Laurent; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rothhammer, Francisco; Dugoujon, Jean Michel; Larrouy, Georges; Klitz, William; Labuda, Damian; Kidd, Judith; Kidd, Kenneth; Rienzo, Anna Di; Freimer, Nelson B.; Price, Alkes L.; Ruiz-Linares, Andrés

2013-01-01

44

The West, the Environment, and American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizes that to understand the American West, one must realize the central importance of the environment to its inhabitants. Provides an overview of western environmental history. Discusses state and federal reclamation efforts, the role of public lands, and the growth of conservation and preservation movements. (KO)

Harvey, Mark W. T.

1988-01-01

45

"The American Soldier" Revisited: Race Relations and the Military.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Re-examines the classic hypothesis that a relationship exists between racial contact and racial attitudes in the context of recent racial separatism in the military. Finds that the hypothesis coexists with a new divisive force: stronger separatist attitudes and reduced racial contacts on the part of younger Black soldiers. (Author/KC)

Butler, John Sibley; Wilson, Kenneth L.

1978-01-01

46

College of Arts and Sciences AMS American Military Studies  

E-print Network

, motivation and military instruction methods; and school of the soldier and exercise of command. Prereq: AMS 101, 102, graduate or undergraduate student (male or female), successful completion of basic course,organizationandmissionofcombatarmsunits;leadershipandtheexerciseofcommand.Prereq: AMS 101, 102, graduate or undergraduate student (male or female), successful completion of basic

MacAdam, Keith

47

National Museum of American Jewish History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1976, the National Museum of American Jewish History (NMAJH) moved into a new building on Independence Mall in Philadelphia in 2010. Over its history, the NMAJH has explored American Jewish identity through "lectures, panel discussions, authors' talks, films, children's activities, theater, and music." On the web site, visitors can learn about exhibitions, education outreach programs, and collections. In the Collections area, visitors can make their way through original and wonderful items that tell the story of the American Jewish experience through art, immigration, childhood, and sports. Moving on, the Programs area has wonderful information on upcoming lectures, musical performances and discussion groups. The site is rounded out by a link to the museum's pressroom and adult education programs.

48

Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As one might expect, the University of Oklahoma has a tremendous amount of material related to the history of the American West. One particularly noteworthy collection in their holdings is the Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History. The digital version of this collection provides historians and others with access to hundreds of interview transcripts from the period 1967 to 1972. These interviews were conducted with Indians across Oklahoma regarding the cultures and histories of their different nations and tribes. Visitors can read these documents for insights into customs, social conditions, philosophies, and ceremonies. Begin by browsing through an alphabetical list of all the interviews, or visitors may also wish to perform a full-text search across all the transcripts.

49

Natural History Guide to American Samoa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Park Service offers this incredibly extensive guide to the marine and wildlife resources of American Samoa, written by and reflecting the research of eight biologists at the Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources of National Park of American Samoa and the Land Grant Program at the American Samoa Community College. The guide, which may be viewed online or downloaded, covers dozens of topics related to Samoa's marine and terrestrial environments, including coral bleaching, sharks, humpback whales, flying foxes, invasive and agricultural pests, bird checklists, and much more. The Web site also provides local facts and area maps. Well-designed and full of colorful photographs, the Natural History Guide to American Samoa is definitely worth a look.

Craig, P.

50

The African-American History of Martha's Vineyard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on research into African American history and experiences in Martha's Vineyard (Massachusetts). Examines primary sources and oral traditions of African American cultural and social history from 1703 to the present. Discusses African American sailors, race relations, and contributions by African American individuals to the community. (CFR)

Weintraub, Elaine

1993-01-01

51

Surveying the History of American Education: Four Recent Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interpretations of American educational history in the following four books are compared: "History of Education and Culture in America" (H. Warren Button and Eugene F. Provenzo, Jr.), "Americans and Their Schools" (Erwin V. Johanningmeier), "History of Education in America" 3rd ed. (John D. Pulliam), and "The Opening Up of American Education: A…

Curtis, Dalton B., Jr.

1985-01-01

52

A Composite Counterstorytelling: Memoirs of African American Military Students in Hawaii Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are social, educational and behavioral problems for African American students in Hawaii public schools. Utilizing Critical Race Theory as a lens for analysis, the perceptions and experiences of these students regarding race, ethnic identity, military lineage, and self-definition are addressed. A composite counterstory of the researcher's and…

Hairston, Kimetta R.

2010-01-01

53

To avert impending disaster: American military plans to use atomic weapons during the Korean War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though historians continue to argue about the role of American nuclear threats in producing an armistice in the Korean War, by 1953 the United States was moving closer to actually escalating the war with the employment of atomic bombs. While military studies and unsatisfactory exercises during the first two years of the conflict had relegated such weapons to a role

Conrad C. Crane

2000-01-01

54

From Colony to Country: A Reader's Guide to Canadian Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the National Library of Canada and offered in both French and English, this new Website provides a comprehensive, annotated reader's guide to Canadian military history from uniforms and songs to battles and strategy. The guide lists history monographs, Websites, historic sites, oral histories, pictorial sources, fiction and drama, sources of genealogical and family history information, and much more. It is divided into four main headings -- General Section, Northwest Campaign, South African War, and World War I -- which in turn break down into more specific subheadings. The entries are up-to-date and helpfully annotated, and the sheer volume and scope of the materials appear to prove the site's contention that the perception of Canadians as an "unmilitary people" is belied by "an examination of . . . the participation of Canadians in military events ranging from rebellions within their borders to involvement in two world wars and numerous peacekeeping missions in all parts of the world." Note: the site is still under construction; presumably material relating to more recent military involvements will be posted soon.

55

Latin American Business History: Resources and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Starting in December 2007, a team of researchers at the Harvard Business School began interviewing 21 leading business practitioners from Argentina and Chile for their Latin American business history initiative. The hope is that these oral histories will serve as a valuable resource for research on the business history of these two countries since the 1960s. On this site, visitors can listen to the interviews (in Spanish) and also read transcripts in English. Each profile contains a brief biography of each businessperson, along with material on their service to their respective industry. Moving on, visitors can also look through the rest of the Baker Library Historical Collections, which include collection of Brazilian railroad company records and the photographic records of the United Fruit Company.

56

Documenting the American South: Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Telling the history of the American South is a complex process, and this wonderful collection from the University of North Carolina's Southern Oral History Program is an attempt to tell part of that story. This particular website brings together almost 500 oral history interviews collected over a period of many decades, and it has been made possible in part with funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. The collection has six primary themes, including "Charlotte", "Civil Rights", "Southern Politics", and "Piedmont Industrialization". On the homepage, visitors can read a brief summary of each theme, and after looking over each description they can browse around at their leisure or perform a keyword search across the interviews. Visitors shouldn't miss the "Piedmont Industrialization" area, as it provides some remarkable insights into the transformation from traditional industrial production (such as mill work) to agribusiness and financial services in the 20th century.

57

American Museum of Natural History: Science Bulletins  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These online bulletins, produced by the American Museum of Natural History, present the latest information about the natural world: developments in astronomy and astrophysics, Earth science, biology, ecology, and the environment, and medical and anthropological research. The Bulletins include feature stories, presented via videos, animated visualizations, and "snapshots"--interactive slide shows on scientific news topics. The site includes an educators' guide that offers suggestions on how to incorporate Science Bulletins into the classroom in alignment with National Science Education Standards. The Bulletins homepage features the most current stories and provides access to an archive of previous stories, organized by topic and type.

58

21H.101 American History to 1865, Fall 2005  

E-print Network

This course focuses on a basic history of American social, economic, and political development from the colonial period through the Civil War. The colonial heritages of Spanish and British America; the American Revolution ...

Maier, Pauline

59

76 FR 6519 - National African American History Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...slowed the onward march of history and expansion of the American dream, African Americans braved bigotry and violence to organize schools, churches, and neighborhood organizations. Bolstered by strong values of faith and community, black...

2011-02-04

60

Military chemical warfare agent human subjects testing: part 1--history of six-decades of military experiments with chemical warfare agents.  

PubMed

Military chemical warfare agent testing from World War I to 1975 produced thousands of veterans with concerns of possible long-term health consequences. Clinical and research evaluation of potential long-term health effects has been difficult because the exposures occurred decades ago, the identity of troops exposed and exposure magnitudes are uncertain, and acute effects during experiments poorly documented. In contrast, a companion article describes the large amount of information available about the specific agents tested and their long-term health effects. This short history describes U.S. military chemical-agent experiments with human subjects and identifies tested agents. Finally, the demonstrated need to anticipate future health concerns from military personnel involved in such military testing suggests current and future military researchers should be required, by law and regulation, to fully record the identity of those exposed, relevant exposure magnitude, and complete medical information for all subjects. New study protocols and institutional review board approvals for research involving military personnel should reflect this need. PMID:19891215

Brown, Mark

2009-10-01

61

Suicidal Ideation and Mental Distress Among Adults With Military Service History: Results From 5 US States, 2010  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress in a probability-based sample of adults. Methods. We gathered 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 5 states that asked about past-year suicidal ideation. Military service was defined as current or former active-duty service or National Guard or Reserves service. We stratified analyses into 18 to 39 years, 40 to 64 years, and 65 years and older age groups and used multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusted for demographic confounders, to discern the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. Results. Among the 26?736 respondents, 13.1% indicated military service history. After adjusting for several confounders, we found military history status among those aged 40 to 64 years was associated with both past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. We found no significant associations among the younger or older age groups. Conclusions. Differences in suicidal ideation between military and nonmilitary individuals may occur in midlife. Future research should examine the possibility of cohort effects, service era effects, or both. PMID:25100426

Gordon, Adam J.; Bossarte, Robert M.

2014-01-01

62

Sacred and Profane American History: Does It Exist in Textbooks?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tony Waters, a sociologist at California State University, Chico, has raised an interesting issue about the intellectual conflict some of his students experienced when they arrived on campus and enrolled in American history classes. He reported students were perplexed to find there were two kinds of American history--the version they learned in…

Henry, Michael

2011-01-01

63

American History. A High School Bilingual Supplement for Laotian Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This high school level United States history course guide for Lao-speaking students is designed to simplify concepts, build learning confidence, and supplement American history texts so that limited English-speaking students can meet graduation requirements and understand the American heritage. Lesson topics include the changing West (1860-1900),…

Johnson, Carol

64

American History. A High School Bilingual Supplement for Vietnamese Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This high school level United States history course guide for Vietnamese-speaking students is designed to simplify concepts, build learning confidence, and supplement American history texts so that limited English-speaking students can meet graduation requirements and understand the American heritage. Lesson topics include the changing West…

Johnson, Carol

65

American History. A High School Bilingual Supplement for Cambodian Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This high school level United States history course guide for Cambodian-speaking students is designed to simplify concepts, build learning confidence, and supplement American history texts so that limited English-speaking students can meet graduation requirements and understand the American heritage. Lesson topics include the changing West…

Johnson, Carol

66

Eugenics and public health in American history.  

PubMed Central

Supporters of eugenics, the powerful early 20th-century movement for improving human heredity, often attacked that era's dramatic improvements in public health and medicine for preserving the lives of people they considered hereditarily unfit. Eugenics and public health also battled over whether heredity played a significant role in infectious diseases. However, American public health and eugenics had much in common as well. Eugenic methods often were modeled on the infection control techniques of public health. The goals, values, and concepts of disease of these two movements also often overlapped. This paper sketches some of the key similarities and differences between eugenics and public health in the United States, and it examines how their relationship was shaped by the interaction of science and culture. The results demonstrate that eugenics was not an isolated movement whose significance is confined to the histories of genetics and pseudoscience, but was instead an important and cautionary part of past public health and a general medical history as well. PMID:9366633

Pernick, M S

1997-01-01

67

75 FR 3449 - Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Teaching American History Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Overview Information; Teaching American History Grant Program; Notice Inviting Applications...Purpose of Program: The Teaching American History Grant (TAH) Program supports projects...and appreciation of traditional American history. Grant awards assist local...

2010-01-21

68

76 FR 43712 - Notice of Inventory Completion: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Completion: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...SUMMARY: The American Museum of Natural History has completed an inventory of human remains...contact the American Museum of Natural History. Repatriation of the human remains...

2011-07-21

69

76 FR 9760 - Presidential Academies for Teaching of American History and Civics; Office of Innovation and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Presidential Academies for Teaching of American History and Civics; Office of Innovation and...Presidential Academies for Teaching of American History and Civics; Notice Inviting Applications...Presidential Academies for Teaching of American History and Civics (Presidential...

2011-02-22

70

3 CFR 8776 - Proclamation 8776 of January 31, 2012. National African American History Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...January 31, 2012. National African American History Month, 2012 8776 Proclamation 8776...Proc. 8776 National African American History Month, 2012By the President of the United...better. During National African American History Month, we celebrate the rich...

2013-01-01

71

Relationship Among Adverse Childhood Experiences, History of Active Military Service, and Adult Outcomes: Homelessness, Mental Health, and Physical Health  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We determined whether a report of adverse childhood experiences predicts adult outcomes related to homelessness, mental health, and physical health and whether participation in active military service influences the relationship between childhood and adult adversity. Methods. Using data from the 2010 Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we tested by means of logistic regression the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and 3 adult outcomes—homelessness, mental health, and physical health—as well as differences among those with a history of active military service. Results. Adverse childhood experiences separately predicted increased odds of experiencing homelessness as an adult and mental health and physical health problems. Childhood adversity increased the likelihood of adult homelessness and poor physical health among individuals with no history of active military service and the likelihood of mental health problems among individuals with a history of active military service. Conclusions. The relationship between childhood adversity and adult adversity changes in degree when history of active military service is controlled, which has implications for Armed Forces recruitment strategies and postmilitary service risk assessment. PMID:24148064

Cutuli, J.?J.; Evans-Chase, Michelle; Treglia, Dan; Culhane, Dennis P.

2013-01-01

72

Teaching and Learning African American History in a Multiracial Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author explores the challenges of teaching and learning African American history, a history fraught with uncomfortable implications about contemporary race relations and race-based inequalities. Drawing on various theories of anti-oppressive education, and using data from an ethnographic study conducted in one history classroom, the author…

Chikkatur, Anita

2013-01-01

73

AP American History and the History Major: Keeping Body and Soul Together.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For college-level American History, in the high school advanced placement (AP) program and on university campuses, these are the best of times and the worst of times. For the American History AP program, the early 1970's were difficult times, with the examinations under attack as elitist and irrelevant to contemporary problems. The program…

Holbo, Paul S.

74

American Museum of Natural History: Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website of the Science department at the American Museum of Natural History in New York has some great interactive features, including a video, entitled "Scientific Expeditions 2008". Visitors should click on "See the Video", which is located front and center on the Science homepage. To "download the transcript" click the link above the video. Also, the video is captioned for those who are hearing impaired. The section entitled Science at the Museum: Exploration and Discovery gives a good overview of the Science department at the museum, and the changes it has made over time. The department consists of the following sections, accessible by clicking on the menu on the right hand side of the page: "Anthropology", "Invertebrate Zoology", "Vertebrate Zoology", "Paleontology", and "Physical Sciences". Those persons interested in hearing talks at the museum, will want to click on "AMNH Podcasts", on the right hand side of the page, below the menu. The latest podcast, from May 2009, features author Michael Pollan. There are a number of ways to subscribe to the podcasts, including RSS and iTunes. [KMG]To find this resource and more high-quality online resources in math and science visit Scout's sister site - AMSER, the Applied Math and Science Educational Repository at http://amser.org.

75

Whole Cloth: Discovering Science and Technology Through American Textile History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) has released three units of an eight-unit interdisciplinary curriculum that examines "the history of textiles, the technology and science of production, and their consumption" for American history or social studies courses in middle and high school. Included among the goals for this curriculum is a "hope that teachers and students will learn more about technology and invention, about American history, and about how women and people of color interacted with technology throughout history." Each unit contains hands-on activities and handouts for students, lesson plans and notes for teachers, glossaries, and bibliographies. The development of this curriculum was supported by the National Science Foundation, the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, and the Center for Children and Technology.

1998-01-01

76

The Unnatural History of American Indian Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical examination of the colonial education of American Indians unearths the roots of many stereotypical beliefs about the culture and capabilities of Native Americans. Deep-seated ideas and practices that were accepted as natural by past colonizers continue to undergird contemporary stereotypes about American Indians. The tenets of colonial…

Lomawaima, K. Tsianina

77

1. Historic American Building Survey Thompson & West Illustrated History ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Building Survey Thompson & West Illustrated History of Sacramento Co. Drawing of 1880 Plan & Rephoto 1960 NORTHEAST CORNER AND GENERAL PLAN - Crocker Art Gallery, 216 O Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

78

3. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the Old Eagle School, John C. Winston Co., 1909 PHOTOCOPY. - Eagle School, Old Eagle School Road (State Route 543) (Tredyffrin Township), Strafford, Chester County, PA

79

4. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey, Henry Pleasants, History of the Old Eagle School, John C. Winston Co., 1909 PHOTOCOPY. - Eagle School, Old Eagle School Road (State Route 543) (Tredyffrin Township), Strafford, Chester County, PA

80

Women Studies: Women in American History; HERstory-Changing Roles of American Women. Preliminary Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two draft courses of study together with some suggested learning activities are presented for initial tryout and experimentation: 1) Women's Studies - Women in American History; and 2) HIStory and HERstory: Changing Roles of the American Women. These experimental curriculum materials may serve as resource for an option, an alternative, an…

Millstein, Beth; And Others

81

American Memory--History Meets the Age of Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes American Memory, a multimedia computer system that incorporates CD-ROM and videodisk to provide access in electronic format to some of the Library of Congress archival materials on American history. Highlights include participating libraries; contents of the collections; searching; evaluation; and examples of the system's use at Barnard…

Hagenbruch, Harriet

1994-01-01

82

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African American,…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

83

Does Real American History Begin with Jamestown and Plymouth? Dialogue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the controversies surrounding the traditional approach to teaching American History (focusing on a series of shared experiences and institutions) and the subsequent criticism that it excludes "other" experiences. Warns against the simplistic presentation of a single celebratory past while concluding that Americans share common…

Chu, Jonathan M.

1996-01-01

84

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

85

KSC kicks off African-American History Month  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Michelle Amos, mistress of ceremonies for the kick-off of African-American History Month, works with the audience to assist them in the pronunciation of a few token words in native Swahili. The theme for this year's observation is 'Heritage and Horizons: The African-American Legacy and the Challenges of the 21st Century.' February is designated each year as a time to celebrate the achievements and contributions of African Americans to Kennedy Space Center, NASA and the nation.

2000-01-01

86

African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a

Co-Founder Loretta J. Ross

1992-01-01

87

African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected History  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a

Loretta J. Ross

1992-01-01

88

History of the American West, 1860-1920  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new release from the Library of Congress (LOC) American Memory collection features over 30,000 photographs from the holdings of the Western History and Genealogy Department at Denver Public Library. Taken mostly between 1860 and 1920, the photos document multiple facets of American western history. The collection may be searched by keyword or browsed by subject or name. Special features include exhibits on Native American Women; L.C. McLure and Denver, the City Beautiful; and the 10th Mountain Division, ski and mountain troops trained in Colorado who saw action in Italy.

89

ERIC J. LOHR HISTORY DEPARTMENT, AMERICAN UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

ACADEMIC POSITIONS Professor, 5/13-present Susan Carmel Lehrman Chair of Russian History and Culture, 5 Harvard University Ph.D. in History, 6/99 M.A. in Russian, East European, and Central Asian Studies, 6/93 University of Wisconsin at Madison B.A. in History and B.S. in Economics, 8/90 PUBLICATIONS Books: Russian

Lansky, Joshua

90

A History of American Music Education. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book covers the history of American music education, from its roots in Biblical times through recent historical events and trends. It describes the educational, philosophical, educational, and sociological aspects of the subject, always putting it in the context of the history of the United States. It offers the most complete information on…

Mark, Michael; Gary, Charles L.

2007-01-01

91

Mapping Early American History: Beyond What Happened Where  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American history demands to be mapped. The stories of exploration, the colonies, the Louisiana Purchase, and so on are incomplete without maps to locate historical places, events, and conflicts. Yet maps can do more for the history teacher than simply illustrating what happened where or what territory was acquired when. Maps also provide clues…

Milson, Andrew J.

2014-01-01

92

The American Translators Association. A Brief History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Translators Association, founded in 1959, has twelve hundred members in six classes of membership. It provides a registry of American translators, a professional service directory, accreditation and translator training programs, and publishes a journal, the "ATA Chronicle." A reaffirmation of ATA principles concludes the article. (AMH)

Fischbach, Henry

1976-01-01

93

"The Second American School of Arms": the Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851  

E-print Network

in the antebellum South, including contributions of VMI to the region's burgeoning culture of violence. For example, in The Militant South, John Hope Franklin contends that Southern military schools of the antebellum period were outgrowths of a growing... the perceived threats to their honor while preparing for a possible conflict with the North or take action against potential slave uprisings. Franklin asserts that the schools' founders were "proud of the fact that in time of peace they had made formal...

Wineman, Bradford Alexander

2001-01-01

94

Mental health of Asian American and Pacific Islander military veterans: brief review of an understudied group.  

PubMed

The mental health of American military soldiers and veterans is of widespread concern; yet, there has been no prior review of studies on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) veterans. This article provides a brief, but comprehensive review of the mental health of AAPI veterans. An exhaustive literature search was conducted using the major medical and mental health literature databases. Of 13 identified articles, nine were empirical studies on either post-traumatic stress disorder among AAPI Vietnam veterans or health functioning of AAPI veterans based on national veteran surveys. Findings from these studies showed that some AAPI veterans who served during the Vietnam War encountered racism from fellow soldiers and race-related stressors were associated with more severe post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. As a group, AAPI veterans were found to be physically healthier than other veterans, but reported poorer mental health and were less likely to use mental health services. However, these findings were limited by the paucity of studies on AAPI veterans and suggest a need for more research on this subpopulation. PMID:23198528

Tsai, Jack; Kong, Grace

2012-11-01

95

Afro-American History as Immigration History: The Anguillians of Perth Amboy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the immigration history of Afro-Americans from the West Indies to the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Specific focus is a case study of the communal patterns of the immigrants in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Provides suggestions on how to plan other local history projects such as this. (BSR)

Hogan, Lawrence

1987-01-01

96

Social Representations of American History and Academic Engagement and Performance of African American Students  

E-print Network

Previous research has shown that social representations of one’s social groups can influence academic outcomes for racial and ethnic minority students in the United States. Other research has found that representations of American history have...

Thai, Luyen T.

2014-04-29

97

History Comes Alive: The American Memory Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Library of Congress American Memory Project (AMP), which uses laser videodisc technology to provide online distribution of collections of historical materials. The collections, software, applications, and future possibilities are addressed; and the experiences of Hickman (Missouri) High School as a participant in the AMP pilot…

Rottmann, F. K.

1992-01-01

98

History of the American College Health Association  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following Dr Edward Hitchcock's lead at Amherst College in 1861, soon other institutions of higher education established physical education departments that evolved into independent college health programs. As the field of college health expanded, leaders from numerous campuses began meeting to share information and discuss formation of a national organization. As a result, the American Student Health Association was founded

Rachel Mack

2011-01-01

99

The American Revolution. An Eyewitness History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the American Revolution officially began in Lexington, Massachusetts, in April 1775, the seeds of rebellion had been sown for decades. The struggle for representation in the British Parliament left many colonists eager to seek out independence. This book provides hundreds of firsthand accounts of the period from diary entries, letters,…

Burg, David F.

100

Latin American History: Concerns and Conflicts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines increased interest in Latin American studies initiated by Cuban Revolution of Fidel Castro. Identifies and compares older historiography which evolved in Latin America and newer efforts which have emanated from the United States. Suggests that a changing political and economic climate and different emphasis in methodology are affecting…

Grover, Mark L.

1988-01-01

101

Indian Peace Medals in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Silver medals played an important role in American Indian policy for more than a century. Following a practice of the French, Spanish, and British in the New World, the United States government presented Indian peace medals to important chiefs and warriors as symbols of attachment to the new nation. In addition, the medals were marks of rank…

Prucha, Francis Paul

102

History of Military Service and the Risk of Suicidal Ideation: Findings from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of completed suicide by history of military service have produced inconsistent findings; no representative population-based study has compared the risk of nonfatal suicidal behavior among veterans with risk among nonveterans. The objective of this study was to examine whether male veterans of the U.S. military are at heightened risk of…

White, Richard; Barber, Catherine; Azrael, Deb; Mukamal, Kenneth J.; Miller, Matthew

2011-01-01

103

Certain Unalienable Rights. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents a set of secondary level classroom strategies for examining American history in light of issues identified by the American Issues Forum. Emphasis is on "certain inalienable rights" of citizens. This topic is covered in four sections: freedom of speech, assembly, and religion; freedom of the press; freedom of search and…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of General Education.

104

Strengthening Our Military Families  

MedlinePLUS

... to quality child care remains a focus of leadership and families across the Armed Forces. Military families ... an expert in military issues to make a difference. Every American can do something.” —Michelle Obama and ...

105

Bibliography of the History of American Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extensive bibliography by University of Wisconsin-Madison professor emeritus Jurgen Herbst covers the historical literature of American education. It is organized in four sections: General Works, The Colonial Period, From Revolution to Reconstruction, and America in the Urban Age, with each section subdivided into thematic lists of scholarly, historical journals, and government reports. A smattering of the many topics includes Government, The Courts, and Education; Racial Minorities and Education; The Education of Women; Americanization: The Response to Immigration; Youth, the Arts, and Psychoanalysis; Nineteenth Century Pedagogy; and Teachers and Teaching. One might wish for additional features such as annotations and/or the ability to search across these topics, but the scope of this compilation is impressive.

Herbst, Jurgen.

2001-01-01

106

American Higher Education: A History. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The roots of controversy surrounding higher education in the US extend deep into the past. This original, incisive history goes far in offering a needed sense of perspective on current debates over such issues as access, costs, academic quality, social equity, and curricula. Eminently readable and always lively, this timely historical account is…

Lucas, Christopher J.

2006-01-01

107

A Brief History of American Drug Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the history of drug control in the United States from the extensive consumption of opium, heroin, and cocaine before World War I to the popularity of marijuana and LSD during the 1960s. Discusses public concern over drug use that seems to peak following periods of widespread drug use that is linked to foreign influences. (DK)

Musto, David F.

1991-01-01

108

Teaching about Social Issues in American History. Four Demonstration Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By focusing on controversial social/political issues in high school American history and social studies courses, classroom teachers can help students develop critical thinking skills. Contemporary issues of a controversial nature are particularly good topics for high school because students are generally familiar with the issues through exposure…

Kownslar, Allan O.

109

2. Historic American Building Survey History of Sacramento County Thompson ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Building Survey History of Sacramento County Thompson & West Illustration Original 1880 Rephoto 1960 N.W. Corner of 3rd + P ST., SOUTH HOUSE (Property of Mrs. E.B. Crocker, 3rd & P St.) - Crocker Art Gallery, 216 O Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

110

Legal History of American Colleges and Universities. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The legal history of American colleges and universities is presented. The introductory synopsis contains summaries of the research activities, published results, historiographical assumptions, research procedures, and results and conclusions of the study. The actual summary report contains 14 sections that include discussions of the following…

Herbst, Jurgen

111

The Selling of Clio: American History College Survey Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the treatment of 15 different, often unrelated topics and eras, as found in the first volumes of 19 widely-used U.S. history survey textbooks. Topics reviewed include Jamestown, American slavery, the Constitution, and Fort Sumter. The review focuses on factual errors, questionable interpretations, boring prose, and the question of…

Chesson, Michael B.

1988-01-01

112

United States History in the Secondary School. American People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of the series described in SO 000 378. When the student of American History seeks beneath the surface of the Dream of the Golden Door, the story he unearths is often one of prejudice, bigotry, and quiet tragedy. For the sake of relevance, the specific objectives of this unit y are: 1) to study the student's ancestors and their struggle…

Point Pleasant Beach Board of Education, NJ.

113

Exploring 350 Years of Jewish American History on the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent Library of Congress exhibition, From Haven to Home: 350 Years of Jewish Life in America, has sparked renewed interest in the history of Jews in the United States. The collection featured more than 200 documents, images, and artifacts that chronicle the Jewish American experience. In exhibit from September through December 2004, From…

Berson, Michael J.; Cruz, Barbara C.

2005-01-01

114

Users' Relevance Criteria in Image Retrieval in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the availability of digital images focuses on a study of American history faculty and graduate students that investigated the criteria which image users apply when making judgments about the relevance of an image. Considers topicality and image quality and suggests implications for image retrieval system design. (Contains 63…

Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie M.

2002-01-01

115

Medicinal history of North American Veratrum.  

PubMed

Plants belonging to the genus Veratrum have been used throughout history for their medicinal properties. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, phytochemical investigations revealed a host of steroidal alkaloids in Veratrum species, some of which are potent bioactives. This review discusses Veratrum species that grow in North America with a focus on the medicinal history of these plants and the steroidal alkaloids they contain. While significant reviews have been devoted to singularly describing the plant species within the genus Veratrum (botany), the staggering breadth of alkaloids isolated from these and related plants (phytochemistry), and the intricacies of how the various alkaloids act on their biological targets (physiology and biochemistry), this review will straddle the margins of the aforementioned disciplines in an attempt to provide a unified, coherent picture of the Veratrum plants of North America and the medicinal uses of their bioactive steroidal alkaloids. PMID:25379034

Chandler, Christopher M; McDougal, Owen M

2014-09-01

116

Smithsonian National Museum of American History: Behring Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian Institution in 1997 created a homepage for the National Museum of American History. The site's five main sections include: Virtual Exhibitions, currently hosting exhibits on American Wine; the history of Tool Chests; World War II Home Front Posters; and a Centennial Salute to Cinema. Not Just for Kids features web versions of hands-on activities from the museum. Visitors can go to the Music Room for information on American music resources, consult an illustrated Timeline for links to information on highlighted events, and guess the identity of a pictured invention in the What Is It? section. General visitor information and teaching resources are offered, and the Collections, Scholarship, and Research, section contains contact information for scholars and students who wish to use the Museum's archival resources.

117

3 CFR 8627 - Proclamation 8627 of February 1, 2011. National African American History Month, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...historic recession has devastated many American families, and particularly African Americans, we must continue to create jobs...pathways for families to climb out of poverty. During National African American History Month, we recognize...

2012-01-01

118

Heard Museum: American Indian Art and History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1929, the Heard Museum was founded by early Phoenix settlers Dwight B. and Maie Bartlett Heard. The focus of the museum then and now was "to educate people about the arts, heritage and life ways of the Indigenous peoples of the Americas, with an emphasis on American Indian tribes of the Southwest." On the website, visitors can learn about the museum's collections, upcoming programs, and volunteer opportunities. The site contains a number of thematic areas, including Events, Library, and Explore Art. One area that should not be missed is the Featured Documentaries. Here visitors can learn about the museum's public art projects, archaeological efforts, and concerts. The Current Exhibitions area contains highlights from recent offerings, such as Native People in the Southwest and Chocolate, Chili & Cochineal: Changing Taste Around the World. Finally, the link to the Library is a real treat. The digital collections here cover the Heard Museum Indian Fairs and Markets, the storied Fred Harvey Company, and a wide selection of elaborate beadwork items.

119

Throwaway History: The Broadside in American Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although broadsides may seem like a thing of the past, this Tennessee Virtual Archive mentions they are used still to this day, and have broadsides in their collection that are from the 1980s. Visitors should go to the "About the Collection" link to read some background on what broadsides were used for and how they were distributed. The information disseminated via broadsides was varied, including everything from a recruitment announcement to help fight the Creek Indians in Tennessee to a lecture on the perils of school desegregation to a promotion for an African-American radio station--the very one where Oprah Winfrey got her start. Visitors can view the 90 digitized broadsides by clicking on the "View Collection Images" link. A thumbnail of the broadside is given, along with the title, subjects, and description. Visitors can sort the images by the aforementioned categories simply by clicking the desired heading. Visitors should check out the very well-illustrated broadside, "Columbia Gives to Her Son the Accolade of the New Chivalry of Humanity, World War I", which is dedicated to a fallen soldier. The Historical Note in the full record explains when and how broadsides were used to memorialize fallen soldiers.

120

Documenting the American South: Oral Histories of the American South  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Documenting the American South project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has created a number of very fine online exhibits and digital collections over the years, and this recent addition certainly follows in that tradition. Working with funds provided by the Institute of Museum and Library Services, this pilot project includes 21 interviews related to environmental transformations that have changed the lives of North Carolinians over the period 1985 to 2000. Visitors to the site can browse the collection by interviewee, interviewer, and also learn a bit more about how the collection was created. The interviews are quite distinctive, and include commentaries on the ways in which the construction of a major freeway affected daily lives and another set of participants describe their stories of survival after Hurricane Floyd came through the eastern part of the state. One nice touch on the site is that visitors can download the complete audio file of each interview or just listen online while following along with a complete text transcript.

121

Forests in the long sweep of american history.  

PubMed

The role of forests in the American society and economy has changed greatly over the past 200 years, as is evidenced by data on acreage in forests, on volume of standing timber, on amount of annual wood growth, on amounts and form of wood utilization, and on prices for forest products. The two most dramatic facts in a long history of forest utilization have been the near fourfold increase in annual wood growth in the past 60 years and the persistent and major underestimate by the U.S. Forest Service of the wood production potential of American forests. PMID:17772408

Clawson, M

1979-06-15

122

National Museum of American History: Surveying and Geodesy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Museum of American History Virtual Exhibition Web Site (last mentioned in the November 16, 2001 Scout Report) presents another interesting collection. The Surveying and Geodesy instruments site "reflect[s] the importance of these activities in America since the first European colonists settled here some 400 years ago and turned the American landscape into property." The 250 instruments within the collection are organized by maker and by instruments. Each instrument link contains a picture (if available), inscriptions, dimensions, a description, and any other available information. This simple but well done site offers a unique and educational look into this historically significant field.

2002-01-01

123

American Stories: Collected Scholarship on Minority History from the OAH Magazine of History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizens must share a common memory of where their society has been. They also need to enrich their knowledge of the past by absorbing additional information, new to many, about those aspects of U.S. history that have been shaped by Native Americans and by those who came from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. This collection of articles taken from…

Organization of American Historians, Bloomington, IN.

124

Examining Treatment-Seeking College Students with and without Military Experience and Trauma Histories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of veterans are returning from war, many with mental health problems. Some of these returning veterans will enroll in college, and it is important that campus counseling centers can meet the needs of this population. This study examined psychological distress among students with and without military experience. Results…

Johnson, Matthew C.; Graceffo, James M.; Hayes, Jeffrey A.; Locke, Benjamin D.

2014-01-01

125

BA Joint Honours History and American Studies (3 years) VT17  

E-print Network

the Crusades to the Cold War and from Renaissance artists to Russian Revolutionaries, discover history in allBA Joint Honours History and American Studies (3 years) VT17 American Studies (4 years) TV71 Ancient History (3 years) V110 Ancient History (4 years) V190 Classical Civilisation (3 years) QV81

Harman, Neal.A.

126

Keeping Current. African American History Month--More than Book Reports!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mention the observance of African American History Month and the name Carter G. Woodson immediately comes to mind. Woodson, an educator, publisher, and historian, initiated the "Negro History Week" observance in 1926. Known as the "Father of Black History," Woodson believed that it was important for African Americans to know their history in…

O'Neal, Anita J.

2005-01-01

127

National Museum of American History: Stories of Freedom and Justice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1960, a group of four African American men sat at the lunch counter in the Woolworth's store in Greensboro, North Carolina and refused to leave when asked. It was an important moment in the growing civil rights movement, and it is the event which serves as the inspiration for this site created by the National Museum of American History. The theme of the site is "Freedom and Justice", and the site contains a frequently updated blog, webcasts, news updates, and an event calendar. Visitors who are unfamiliar with the Greensboro Sit-Ins may wish to look at a collection of images from that fateful day. In the webcasts area, visitors can watch archived programs like "Lincoln, Race and the American Presidency" and "Portrait of Invention: A Conversation with Lester Brown". In the "Learning Resources" area educators can take advantage of a 22-minute instructional video and several lesson plans and activities.

128

The Genetic Structure and History of Africans and African Americans  

PubMed Central

Africa is the source of all modern humans, but characterization of genetic variation and of relationships among populations across the continent has been enigmatic. We studied 121 African populations, four African American populations, and 60 non-African populations for patterns of variation at 1327 nuclear microsatellite and insertion/deletion markers. We identified 14 ancestral population clusters in Africa that correlate with self-described ethnicity and shared cultural and/or linguistic properties. We observed high levels of mixed ancestry in most populations, reflecting historical migration events across the continent. Our data also provide evidence for shared ancestry among geographically diverse hunter-gatherer populations (Khoesan speakers and Pygmies). The ancestry of African Americans is predominantly from Niger-Kordofanian (~71%), European (~13%), and other African (~8%) populations, although admixture levels varied considerably among individuals. This study helps tease apart the complex evolutionary history of Africans and African Americans, aiding both anthropological and genetic epidemiologic studies. PMID:19407144

Tishkoff, Sarah A.; Reed, Floyd A.; Friedlaender, Françoise R.; Ehret, Christopher; Ranciaro, Alessia; Froment, Alain; Hirbo, Jibril B.; Awomoyi, Agnes A.; Bodo, Jean-Marie; Doumbo, Ogobara; Ibrahim, Muntaser; Juma, Abdalla T.; Kotze, Maritha J.; Lema, Godfrey; Moore, Jason H.; Mortensen, Holly; Nyambo, Thomas B.; Omar, Sabah A.; Powell, Kweli; Pretorius, Gideon S.; Smith, Michael W.; Thera, Mahamadou A.; Wambebe, Charles; Weber, James L.; Williams, Scott M.

2010-01-01

129

Civil-military relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no crisis in American civil-military relations if crisis means the kind of collision between civil and military authority that would breed a coup d'état or other manifestation of a breakdown of civilian control of the military, such as systematic and open disobedience of orders. But, to a remarkable degree, members of the Defense Task Force agreed that deep

Eliot A. Cohen

1997-01-01

130

"The Second American School of Arms": the class="hilite">Virginia Military Institute and the advent of state military education, 1835-1851.  

E-print Network

??The class="hilite">Virginia Military Institute, along with other Southern military colleges, is almost always historically viewed within the context of their contributions during the Civil War.… (more)

Wineman, Bradford Alexander

2012-01-01

131

Dengue and US Military Operations from the Spanish–American War through Today  

PubMed Central

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed. PMID:22469290

Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R.

2012-01-01

132

Geography in American History for High School Students of American History. Final Design Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geographic learning provides perspectives, information, concepts, and skills essential to viewing and understanding historical events and developments. Geographic learning is therefore essential to sound teaching and learning of history in general and U.S. history at the high school level in particular. This report contains a description of the…

Patrick, John J.; Stoltman, Joseph P.

133

Pictured Politics: Visualizing Colonial History in South American Civic Portrait Collections  

E-print Network

Pictured Politics: Visualizing Colonial History in South American Civic Portrait Collections Emily South American capitals, Lima, Buenos Aires, and Bogotá, this presentation considers how works of art were active components in the construction of American colonial histories and political relationships

Zhou, Yaoqi

134

A Comparative Study of History Interests between American and Chinese College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the history interests between American and Chinese college students. Research studies have consistently shown that American students have very limited knowledge on their country's history. American college students usually do better than K-12 students, but their scores are still low. To address the issue,…

Dan, Yong-jun; She, Xiao-bo; Lan, William

2009-01-01

135

FILM, VIDEO, AND AMERICAN HISTORY AMST S483 1 (30050) /HISTS187/FILMS247  

E-print Network

FILM, VIDEO, AND AMERICAN HISTORY AMST S483 1 (30050) /HISTS187/FILMS247 Summer Session B (July 8 the representation of American history on film and video through close analysis of American films, from the turn understand film as a document of a historical moment? Readings - All readings will be available as PDFs

136

How the Cold War is Taught: Six American History Textbooks Examined.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a comparative analysis of how six high school history textbooks present events and issues related to the Cold War. The texts are "History of a Free People" (Macmillan, 1973), "Rise of the American Nation" (Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1977), "The American Experience" (Addison-Wesley, 1975), "A New History of the United States--An…

Herz, Martin F.

137

Rare Exceptions: Some University Professors and the Teaching of Native American History, 1900-1970  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1900 to 1970, only eight United States historians established courses on Native American history in history departments at the college and university level. This made them rare exceptions in an academic world that placed overwhelming emphasis on mainstream Euro-American history, with extremely limited attention to race and ethnicity. Except…

Crum, Steven

2006-01-01

138

American Museum of Natural History: Resources for Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of resources, published by the American Museum of Natural History, is intended for educators, parents, students, or anyone who is interested in teaching and learning about science. The resources include activities, curriculum materials, articles, evidence and analysis materials, exhibition materials, and lists of references. Items may be text-based, pedagogical, or multimedia (photos, videos, interactives) in nature. The collection is searchable by keyword or browseable by main topic: anthropology, astronomy, biology, Earth science, or paleontology. There are also special collections, groups of resources organized around specific themes such as Antarctica, ocean life, and the dynamic Earth.

139

American Museum of Natural History: Division of Anthropology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The online collection of the American Museum of Natural History's Department of Anthropology contains over 160,000 objects that have been digitized with the support of the National Endowment for the Humanities. The ethnographic collections of North America, Mexico & Central America, South America, Africa, Asia, and the Pacific are all represented here and by clicking on the "Collections" link visitors can gain access to these images. In addition to high quality photos and detailed descriptions of the objects, a link to the original catalogue pages from the museum is also included.

140

The Avalon Project: African-Americans - Biography, Autobiography and History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Avalon Project at Yale Law School, (last mentioned in the April 4, 1997 Scout Report) has recently added an African American biography, autobiography, and history section. The section contains complete copies of Martin Luther King Jr.'s 1963 "I Have A Dream" speech, My Bondage and Freedom by Frederick Douglass, The Narrative of Sojourner Truth, dictated by Sojourner Truth and edited by Olive Gilbert, The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois, and Up From Slavery: An Autobiography by Booker T. Washington. All transcripts are lucid and available in HTML format.

141

American Museum of Natural History: Milstein Hall of Ocean Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site is the online companion to the Milstein Hall of Ocean Life at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). The Educational Resources section provides links to dozens of AMNH activities and articles, mainly geared toward elementary school students. Also, the online guide to the exhibit is itself a terrific educational resource. For example, the Dioramas section offers great graphics and informative descriptions of ocean life and the terrestrial animals, like polar bears, that depend upon it. Likewise, users can take a virtual tour of the exhibit in the Ecosystems feature or click on Ocean Life to learn more about marine animals (and a few ancient bacteria).

142

Incorporating Mexican American History and Culture into the Social Studies Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Mexican Americans are the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States, their history and literature are seldom taught in American classrooms. A study of over 3,000 high school sophomores in the Southwest revealed that neither Anglos nor Hispanics were aware of the contributions of Mexican Americans. Incorporating Mexican American

Escamilla, Kathy

143

Department of History Map Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the History Department of the United States Military Academy (West Point), this site offers an extensive collection (over 400) of color maps originally produced for a course entitled History of the Military Art. The atlases cover international and civil conflicts from American colonial campaigns to Somalia in 1992-93. The maps are browsed by war/ conflict and are presented as large thumbnails which link to a full-sized image. Please note that these may take a while to load even with faster connections. In all, an excellent and well-organized resource for those interested in military history and cartography.

144

9th Annual Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History  

E-print Network

9th Annual Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History University of Oklahoma Elder Voices, Youth Choices from the Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair! We are pleased

Oklahoma, University of

145

Freedom of Expression in the American Military: A Communication Modeling Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study used a communication perspective to examine the extent to which the civilian/military First Amendment dichotomy is warranted and to add to First Amendment theory the subject of the First Amendment rights of servicemembers. The study was limited to the freedoms of speech, press, assembly, petition, and association. It did not include…

Packer, Cathy

146

Un-American History and the First Great American War over Collective Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole in a speech to the national convention of the American Legion in 1995, condemned those who try to ?disparage America? and the nation?s unified ?language, history, and values?. At the core of this subversive movement, he said, were ?educators and professors? who worked to ?denigrate America?s story while sanitizing and glorifying other cultures?.[1] This of

Evan George

2003-01-01

147

Curriculum VitaRobert F. Zeidel Ph.D.; American History  

E-print Network

Curriculum Vita­Robert F. Zeidel Education Ph.D.; American History MarquetteUniversity; Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1986. M.A.; History MarquetteUniversity; Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1981. B.A.; History Carroll UndergraduateResearch into the UndergraduateGeneral Education U.S. History Survey," CURQuarterly 33 (Summer 2013

Wu, Mingshen

148

A More Perfect Union: The American Government. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic IV, Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents a set of secondary-level classroom strategies for examining American history in light of the issues identified by the American Issues Forum. Emphasis is on examination of the role and actions of the President of the United States. These materials, called modules, form Part II of the topic, "A More Perfect Union: The American

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

149

A history of the American Society for Clinical Investigation  

PubMed Central

One hundred years ago, in 1909, the American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI) held its first annual meeting. The founding members based this new society on a revolutionary approach to research that emphasized newer physiological methods. In 1924 the ASCI started a new journal, the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The ASCI has also held an annual meeting almost every year. The society has long debated who could be a member, with discussions about whether members must be physicians, what sorts of research they could do, and the role of women within the society. The ASCI has also grappled with what else the society should do, especially whether it ought to take a stand on policy issues. ASCI history has reflected changing social, political, and economic contexts, including several wars, concerns about the ethics of biomedical research, massive increases in federal research funding, and an increasingly large and specialized medical environment. PMID:19348041

Howell, Joel D.

2009-01-01

150

National Museum of American History: The First Ladies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past two centuries, the role of the First Lady has changed immensely and in the past several decades the women to occupy this position have embraced causes such as literacy and healthy eating. This online exhibit from the National Museum of American History looks at the "role played by the country's first ladies as well as the beautiful objects that belonged to them." The site is divided into six sections, including "The First Ladies Collection" and "A First Lady's Contribution". The "First Ladies Collection" contains photos and descriptions of items like Martha Washington's silk taffeta gown and Dolley Madison's elaborate hand-embroidered robe. Moving on, "A First Lady's Contribution" contains images of the First Ladies on the campaign trail and other settings. One particularly interesting image here is that of Florence Harding pinning a flower on Al Jolson's lapel during a campaign stop. Finally, visitors can also view a timeline of all the First Ladies.

2012-01-06

151

77 FR 42365 - Price for the Making American History Coin and Currency Set  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...THE TREASURY United States Mint Price for the Making American History Coin and Currency Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department...is announcing a price of $72.95 for the Making American History Coin and Currency Set. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

2012-07-18

152

American Revolution: Selections from Secondary School History Books of Other Nations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selections from the recent history texts of 13 foreign countries are contained in this document as an effort to gather the curricular perceptions of other countries about key events or periods in American history related to the U.S. Revolutionary War. The compilation provides American secondary teachers with contemporary source material not…

Barendsen, Robert D., Comp.; And Others

153

Black American Radicalism and the First World War: The Secret Files of the Military Intelligence Division  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1986, the National Archives released previously classified material regarding U.S. Army surveillance of African-Americans from 1917 to 1941. The documents relate primarily to the First World War and the immediate post-war years. U.S. Army surveillance of American citizens is not an especially startling revelation; however, what is remarkable is the fact that a principal officer charged with \\

Wray R. Johnson

1999-01-01

154

Law "In" and "As" History: The Common Law in the American Polity, 17901900  

E-print Network

587 Law "In" and "As" History: The Common Law in the American Polity, 1790­1900 Kunal M. Parker The Common Law in the American Polity: 1790­1900...........................................594 Conclusion in American Legal Historiography." Like so much of his other work, Gordon's article captures a certain mood

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

155

75 FR 6081 - National African American History Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...many hard-working Americans whose legacies are...opportunity for most African Americans, yet substantial obstacles...the vicious cycle of poverty--still pose enormous...past generations of African Americans to rise above the...

2010-02-05

156

Vaccines for military use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vaccines have long been used by military forces in order to prevent communicable diseases and thereby preserve the fighting force. A tradition that began with the mass vaccination of the Continental Army against smallpox during the War of the American Revolution in the late 18th century continues today with routine and deployment-based vaccination of military forces against potential pathogens of

Andrew. W. Artenstein

2009-01-01

157

History of the Secretariats of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.  

PubMed

The American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology grew steadily during its 82-year existence, and since 1979, the American Academy of Ophthalmology has had an accelerated increase in membership and activity. In 1995, as the Academy approached its centennial, the AAO had more than 20,000 members and an annual budget of more than +26 million. Total registration for the 1994 Annual meeting was slightly more than 27,000, an all-time high. Instruction Courses numbered 450,300 scientific papers were presented, and 130 posters were displayed. The original postgraduate course in 1921 served as the predecessor to the more than 700 hours of instruction presented at the 1994 Annual Meeting. The original committee of four was the predecessor of what has become the Secretariats of the Academy. The popular Home Study Courses were the forerunners of the Academy's programs, formulated and supervised by the Education Secretaries. The Clinical Education Programs include the Basic and Clinical Science Courses, Focal Points, Continuing Ophthalmic Video Education, Manuels, Regional Update Courses, Special Focus/Skills Courses, Monographs, PROvision, slide scripts, and other programs produced for allied health personnel, medical students, and other physicians. The Secretaries originate, produce, and oversee all the important functions of the Academy. The individuals who have served the Academy as Secretaries through the years have been dedicated volunteers. Their contributions have been incalculable. In recent years, the various Secretaries have been ably assisted by Associate Secretaries, Advisory Committees, and Subcommittees, spreading the workload of each Secretary. Credit for the success of the Academy's endeavors, while under the guidance of the Secretaries, also must be given to the Academy's many committee chairs and committee members who have diligently worked to achieve their goals and objectives. In 1995, the Executive Vice President, the 11 Secretaries, and the Editor were aided and assisted by 46 committees. The Secretaries, through the years, and the Academy are further indebted to a wonderful, dedicated staff who willingly and conscientiously contribute to the many Academy programs. When you stand back and look at this history of active, participating Academy members who have contributed so many hours in travel, meeting, and homework within the Secretariats, you marvel at the dedication and forces at work in the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Is it any wonder that, through the years, so many Secretaries, because of their proven ability, talents, and contributions to ophthalmology, have been selected by the membership to serve as President of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. PMID:8764775

Truhlsen, S M

1996-08-01

158

American forces network in the cold war: Military broadcasting in postwar Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the end of World War II, many U.S. troops in Germany remained to meet the new requirements of occupation. Staying with them was their own war?born radio network, the American Forces Network, Europe (AFN). Operating several powerful transmitters, AFN beamed news, information, popular music, and variety over a Western Europe otherwise bombarded by Cold War radio propaganda. This essay

R. Stephen Craig

1988-01-01

159

How Genes Have Illuminated the History of Early Americans and Latino Americans.  

PubMed

The American continent currently accounts for ?15% of the world population. Although first settled thousands of years ago and fitting its label as "the New World," the European colonial expansion initiated in the late 15th century resulted in people from virtually every corner of the globe subsequently settling in the Americas. The arrival of large numbers of immigrants led to a dramatic decline of the Native American population and extensive population mixing. A salient feature of the current human population of the Americas is, thus, its great diversity. The genetic variation of the Native peoples that recent immigrants encountered had been shaped by demographic events acting since the initial peopling of the continent. Similarly, but on a compressed timescale, the colonial history of the Americas has had a major impact on the genetic makeup of the current population of the continent. A range of genetic analyses has been used to study both the ancient settlement of the continent and more recent history of population mixing. Here, I show how these two strands of research overlap and make use of results from other scientific disciplines to produce a fuller picture of the settlement of the continent at different time periods. The biological diversity of the Americas also provides prominent examples of the complex interaction between biological and social factors in constructing human identities and of the difficulties in defining human populations. PMID:25256008

Ruiz-Linares, Andrés

2014-09-25

160

75 FR 58425 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...possession of the American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, that meets the definition...sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History. No known individual was...

2010-09-24

161

PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY CENTRAL PARK WEST AT 79TH STREET, NEW YORK, NY 10024  

E-print Network

of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History. 2 Research Associate, Division of Paleontology, American of Vertebrate Paleontology, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90007. Research Associate, Division of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History. #12;2 NO

Clark, James M.

162

Those Who Can't, Teach: The Disabling History of American Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay is an exploratory history of American educators as viewed through the lens of disability studies. By this the author means that she is looking at the history of school teachers with disability as the primary marker of social relations, in much the same way that she and others have looked at the history of education through the primary…

Rousmaniere, Kate

2013-01-01

163

Girls Like Us: Looking at History through the American Girl Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality historical fiction enables readers to imagine what life might have been like for a variety of people, particularly those not typically written about in history texts. Social history of an era is often of particular interest to young students. This article looks at using the American Girl Series to interest students in history and provides…

Philpott, Sarah Lewis

2014-01-01

164

American History [and] Basic American History [and] European History [and] Global Studies [and] World History: An Interactive Approach. [CD-ROMs].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These interactive curriculum-based study programs in U.S. history, world history, European history, and global studies were created by teachers to align with national and state frameworks and curriculum standards. The interactive programs include graded tests, document-based questions, essays, and skill development projects. Each CD-ROM based…

1998

165

The Harmony of Yin and Yank: The American Military Advisory Effort in China, 1941-1951  

E-print Network

's advise and assist effort in China beginning just before America's entrance into World War II through the re-establishment of a security assistance mission to the Republic of China on the island of Taiwan. This narrative history examines the complex...

Babb, Joseph G.

2012-08-31

166

History 349 CANADIAN MILITARY HISTORY  

E-print Network

a traitor/freedom fighter? Part of our heritage. Four years of rat-infested trench warfare; the war of all wars versus an evil empire; nuclear deterrence; counterinsurgency? All a part of Canada's heritage. Yet

Garousi, Vahid

167

Invasion history of North American Canada thistle, Cirsium arvense  

E-print Network

diversity between European and North American populations to detect signs of demographic bottlenecks and, North American populations of C. arvense exhibited significantly lower levels of genetic diversity than of genetic diversity remained high owing to admixture between genetically differentiated lineages

Rieseberg, Loren

168

77 FR 5375 - National African American History Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Nation--often in the face of both racial and gender discrimination. As courageous visionaries who led the fight to end slavery and tenacious activists who fought to expand basic civil rights to all Americans, African American women have long...

2012-02-03

169

11.013J / 21H.231J American Urban History I, Spring 2005  

E-print Network

This course is a seminar on the history of institutions and institutional change in American cities from roughly 1850 to the present. Among the institutions to be looked at are political machines, police departments, courts, ...

Fogelson, Robert

170

An Incomplete History: Representation of American Indians in State Social Studies Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an interpretive analysis, American history standards from nine states that incorporate high-stakes assessments in social studies are analyzed for their representation of American Indians. Research on high-stakes assessments shows that teachers are more likely to align their instruction with state standards due to mounting pressure to achieve…

Journell, Wayne

2009-01-01

171

NATURAL HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN LOBSTER By Francis Hobart Herrick, Ph. D., Sc. D.  

E-print Network

NATURAL HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN LOBSTER J!. By Francis Hobart Herrick, Ph. D., Sc. D. Professor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 CHAPTER I. The lobsters and allied Crustacea; their zoological relations, habits, development. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 II. The American lobster; its economic importance and general habits. .. . . . . . . . . . . 169

172

History and Breeding Ecology of the American White Pelican at Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Montana  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American White Pelican ( Pelecanus erythrorhynchos ) has been breeding at Medicine Lake Nation- al Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in northeastern Montana since 1939. We compiled information on the history and ecol- ogy of this breeding colony from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) reports and narratives filed at Medicine Lake NWR. Nesting by American White Pelicans first occurred in

E LIZABETH M. M ADDEN; M ARCO R ESTANI

173

History of the American West Summer 2013 // June 3-July 5  

E-print Network

Meridian: John Wesley Powell and the Second Opening of the West (Penguin) Cyclone Covey, ed., Cabeza de. #12;Required Texts: Robert V. Hine and John Mack Faragher, Frontiers: A Short History of the American Significance of the American Frontier," in John Mack Faragher, ed., Rereading Frederick Jackson Turner (New

174

American Museum of Natural History Hudson Roditi, Page 1 of 2  

E-print Network

American Museum of Natural History Hudson Roditi, Page 1 of 2 HUDSON A. RODITI American Museum Fellow (Hudson River Foundation). Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Box AB, Millbrook, N.Y. 12545(2):207-219. Roditi, H.A., N.M. Caraco, J.J. Cole, and D.L. Strayer. 1996. Filtration of Hudson River water

175

MIGRATION HISTORY, HEALTH BEHAVIORS, AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK FACTORS IN OVERWEIGHT MEXICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This research examined whether the migration history of overweight Mexican-American women had an independent effect on cardiovascular risk factors, or whether it was mediated by health behavior changes. Cross-sectional data from 390 overweight, non-diabetic Mexican-American women (aged 18 to 65 year...

176

Historical Literacy: The Case for History in American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bradley Commission on History in Schools was created in 1987 specifically in response to the widespread concern over the inadequacy, both in quantity and in quality, of the history taught in elementary and secondary school classrooms. This book explores the conditions that contribute to, or impede, the effective teaching of history in schools.…

Gagnon, Paul, Ed.

177

Women in American History: A Series. Book Four, Women in the Progressive Era 1890-1920.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses the role of women in the Progressive Era (1890-1920). Designed to supplement high school U.S. history textbooks, the book is comprised of five chapters. Chapter I describes reformers and radicals including Jane Addams and Lillian Wald who began the settlement house…

Sanders, Beverly

178

Discrimination History, Backlash Fear, and Ethnic Identity among Arab Americans: Post-9/11 Snapshots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined discrimination history, backlash fear, and ethnic identity of Arab Americans nationally at 3 times, beginning shortly after September 11, 2001. Relations between variables were moderate, and discrimination history and backlash fear were statistically significant predictors of ethnic identity. Implications for acculturation and…

Nassar-McMillan, Sylvia C.; Lambert, Richard G.; Hakim-Larson, Julie

2011-01-01

179

Deconstructing Black History Month: Three African American Boys' Exploration of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every February, schools celebrate Black History Month and teachers teach the grand narrative of famous African Americans such as Martin Luther King, Jr. While the stories communicate bravery, they are also about racism and violence. Here, through narrative inquiry, a teacher deconstructs Black History Month, inviting student responses to stories…

Landa, Melissa Hare

2012-01-01

180

The New Gateway, an Old Paradox: Immigrants and Involuntary Americans in North Carolina History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors conducted a content analysis of North Carolina history textbooks to explore how the definition of immigration has changed over the last century. They also examined how immigrant groups and involuntary Americans have been portrayed throughout the state's history. Findings suggest that as a burgeoning gateway state for immigrants, North…

Hilburn, Jeremy; Fitchett, Paul G.

2012-01-01

181

Art and Art History American Studies Astronomy College of Film and the Moving Image Anthropology Biology  

E-print Network

Art and Art History American Studies Astronomy College of Film and the Moving Image Anthropology and Environmental Sciences Dance Government Mathematics and Computer Science Music History Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Theater Philosophy Physics Religion Psychology Sociology Asian Languages and Literatures Classical

Royer, Dana

182

Mexican Americans in School: A History of Educational Neglect.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a resource text for educational researchers, administrators, teachers, and other persons interested in the education of Mexican Americans, this book is based on a substudy of the Mexican American Study Project conducted at the University of California at Los Angeles. Data were drawn from over 250 formal interviews with school personnel…

Carter, Thomas P.

183

The use of family health histories to address health disparities in an African American community.  

PubMed

African Americans continue to suffer from health disparities. The Center for Minority Health (CMH) within the University of Pittsburgh has the mission to eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities. CMH has designed and implemented the Family Health History (FHH) Initiative. The FHH Initiative places genetic-counseling graduate students in the African American community to provide risk assessments and emphasize the importance of family history as it pertains to disease prevention. The FHH Initiative also allows participants to enroll into the Minority Research Recruitment Database (MRRD). This enables CMH to alert individuals to available research participation opportunities. In the first year of this program, 225 African Americans completed their family health histories. More than 60% of individuals enrolled in the MRRD. The authors report their initial successes and challenges of an initiative that incorporates awareness of family history information, proper screening guidelines, behavior-modification recommendations, and support for participation in clinical research. PMID:17652189

Vogel, Kristen J; Murthy, Vinaya S; Dudley, Beth; Grubs, Robin E; Gettig, Elizabeth; Ford, Angela; Thomas, Stephen B

2007-10-01

184

The Land of Plenty. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three secondary level learning modules provide perspective on U.S. history and current issues in terms of land-use problems and case studies. Teaching strategies for this topic are presented in booklet form as one of a set of materials based on topics identified by the American Issues Forum. Readings and questions guide students through three…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of General Education.

185

Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America. Afro-American and Asian American Culture History. Baywood Monographs in Archaeology 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains fourteen articles dealing with archaeological studies on Black and Asian ethnic groups in the United States. Papers on Afro-American culture history include: (1) "Race and Class on Antebellum Plantations," by John Solomon Otto; (2) "Looking for the 'Afro' in Colono-Indian Pottery," by Leland Ferguson; (3) a study of "Black…

Schuyler, Robert L., Ed.

186

Toward World History: American Historians and the Coming of the World History Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seeks to define world history through an analysis of its historical antecedents. Concentrates on the efforts of three historians--Louis Moreau, William H. McNeill, and Leften S. Stavrianos--to establish world history's place in education. Analyzes the relationship between world history, peace, and global education and the state of world history in…

Allardyce, Gilbert

1990-01-01

187

Name: Megan Raby Field: History of American Science  

E-print Network

. Beyond the Hundredth Meridian: John Wesley Powel Science. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985) 4. Numbers & Rosenberg, eds. The Scientific Gods: On Science and American Social Thought (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976). Science

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

188

Taking on History: Children's Perspectives on Performing the American Past  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation explores how children (ages five-twelve) engage with the past through performance. Three case studies treating nineteenth-century western US history yield information about a spectrum of performance activities ranging from living history to community theatre to doll play. Reflecting on Richard Schechner's concept of "restored…

Hatton, Oona Elizabeth Kersey

2010-01-01

189

Handbook of Native American Studies and Chronology of Native American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as "a practical guide to the development of Native American Studies programs, Native American Studies courses, and Indian-oriented higher education programs," this handbook places emphasis upon materials actually utilized in the development of Native American Studies at the University of California, Davis, and in the creation of…

Forbes, Jack D.; And Others

190

Connecting health and natural history: a failed initiative at the American Museum of Natural History, 1909-1922.  

PubMed

In 1909, curator Charles-Edward Winslow established a department of public health in New York City's American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). Winslow introduced public health as a biological science that connected human health-the modern sciences of physiology, hygiene, and urban sanitation-to the natural history of plants and animals. This was the only time an American museum created a curatorial department devoted to public health. The AMNH's Department of Public Health comprised a unique collection of live bacterial cultures-a "Living Museum"-and an innovative plan for 15 exhibits on various aspects of health. I show how Winslow, facing opposition from AMNH colleagues, gathered scientific experts and financial support, and explain the factors that made these developments seem desirable and possible. I finish with a discussion of how the Department of Public Health met an abrupt and "inglorious end" in 1922 despite the success of its collections and exhibitions. PMID:24205997

Brown, Julie K

2014-10-01

191

Return to Old Times: Rural Romanticism in American Education History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the rural-urban dichotomy that regularly surfaces in educational history and argues that a full understanding of the role of cities is needed to overcome a rural romanticism that ill-serves public education policy. (CMG)

Warren, Donald

1984-01-01

192

Sports, Physical Activity and Recreation in Early American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sports and physical recreation activities have been part of American life since the days of the early settlers. Although the settlers were faced with problems of survival, accounts of life in the colonies in the 1600's carry mention of bowling in the streets, play with bows and arrows, and ice skating. Other activities to gain popularity before…

Ballou, Ralph B.

193

Native American History, Culture Gaining Traction in State Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, the Montana Constitution has made preservation of American Indian culture an explicit educational goal. Educators did little about it until 2004, when the state supreme court ruled that Montana had ignored its responsibility to teach about the state's seven tribes. That ruling jump-started an effort that has yielded curriculum…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2008-01-01

194

A History of Education of Afro-Americans in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of readings selected to present an historical overview of the educative experiences of Afro-Americans. The essays focus upon social, economic, and political factors which have conditioned educational opportunities for blacks in this country. The work is divided into four sections. "Education in Ante Bellum America" deals…

Walker, Mae

195

History Repeats itselfRestorative Justice in Native American Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although restorative justice principles served as the foundation for many Native American legal systems, contemporary tribal courts rely heavily on the laws and standards they received from European settlers. This trend is now being reversed as tribal courts have begun to rediscover their restorative roots and share them with non-Indians. In this article, a framework is developed for understanding the

JONA F. MEYER

1998-01-01

196

Women in American Constitutional History at the Bicentennial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the changing legal status of women from the American Revolution to the present. Divides discussion into five major constitutional periods. Describes the "Broken Barometer" theory in which laws passed for the benefit of women are actually an indicator of their past needs rather than their present concerns. (RW)

Hoff-Wilson, Joan

1989-01-01

197

The Division of Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website of the paleontology department at the American Museum of Natural History contains photographic images of field notebook contents, field excavation pictures, correspondence and field reports. Materials such as Barnum Brown's field notebook from the summer that he discovered Tyrannosaurus rex are online, and the ability to turn pages in the actual books is very useful. Other important discoveries in the history of paleontology can also be found within the archives displayed at this site.

Norris, Chris; History, American M.

198

Wilderness: the history, significance and promise of an American value  

E-print Network

critique opens the door to Romanticism generally, and Coleridge, Wordsworth, and Shelley in particular.?52 The Romantic poets threw themselves into a new aesthetic relation to wild nature, writing both of nature?s beauty and of the profundity... and the restoring powers of wild nature continue to characterize much environmental discourse to the present. Ralph Waldo Emerson gave an original, distinctively American, interpretation of Romanticism in his book Nature (1836). Evaluations of Emerson...

Henderson, David Graham

2009-05-15

199

19th Century American Journals of Natural History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a brief list of journals containing information for historians and naturalists. The journals are presented in two lists from 1810-1875 and from 1876-1900. Each list is further classified into general natural history, microscopy, botany, entomology, conchology, ornithology, and geology and paleontology. (MR)

Dexter, Ralph W.

1976-01-01

200

Teaching about Women and Underdevelopment in Latin American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latin America, the most advanced of the underdeveloped regions of the world, is a perfect showcase for exploring the contradictions that come into play when the historical construction of gender clashes with economic practice. The history of modern Latin America shows that economic development can actually work to the detriment of women. The most…

Pino, Julio Cesar

2001-01-01

201

Violence and the American Landscape: The Challenge of Public History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the author's experiences with projects covering the topics of Little Bighorn, Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Enola Gay exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum, and the Oklahoma City bombing. Each helped him to understand the challenge of public history, specifically memorializing sites of violence. (CMK)

Linenthal, Edward T.

2002-01-01

202

Skinheads. Shaved for Battle. A Cultural History of American Skinheads.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The origins and history of the skinhead movement in the United States are traced, beginning with their links with skinheads in England and focusing on racist skinheads rather than the less-well-known nonracist skinheads. How skinheads have developed within the larger youth group scenes, their ideas and activities, the role of music in their…

Moore, Jack B.

203

Life Histories of Three Exemplary American Physical Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the following article-style dissertation was to present the life histories of three exemplary physical educators, to give them voice, explore ways in which they experienced marginalization, and describe how they persevered in spite of difficulties they experienced in their careers. The participants included (a) Robin, a female…

Cazers, Gunars

2009-01-01

204

Learning Other People's History: Pre-Service Teachers' Developing African American Historical Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from the historical lens of cultural memory, I examined the development of three social studies pre-service teachers' African American history knowledge. The participants were engaged in a rigorous summer reading program dedicated to learning African American history. This qualitative case study examined both pre and post…

King, LaGarrett Jarriel

2014-01-01

205

Integrating Women's History into an Early American History Course: Three Lesson Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present three lesson ideas that integrate women's history into the curriculum and that support the development of important social studies skills. The first lesson, for teachers to use at the beginning of the school year, encourages students to think critically about the nature of history and the importance of understanding the point…

Bair, Sarah; Williams, Lisa; Fralinger, Meghan

2008-01-01

206

Studies on Idealism in American Life. Program in American History and Civilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This narrative unit on idealism was developed as an illustration of minority group efforts to reform the social structure of American democracy, the implications being that American life was in many respects lacking. The general teaching objectives are: 1) to stimulate student consideration of what would be their ideal society; 2) to foster a…

Tufts Univ., Medford, MA. Lincoln Filene Center for Citizenship and Public Affairs.

207

The Legacy of the Teaching American History Grants: Statues on Easter Island?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not too early to ask what legacy the Teaching American History grants will leave behind. Put another way, when all the money is spent, when all the seminars are done, when all the professional development has ended, what evidence will there be that the program ever existed? Will historians in the future look back at the evidence left behind…

Olwell, Russell

2007-01-01

208

Our Documents: A National Initiative on American History, Civics, and Service. Teacher Sourcebook, Volume III  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thousands of educators are using America's most important historic documents to help students learn the story of their nation and its citizens, thanks to the Our Documents initiative. This was one of the main objectives of Our Documents, which is part of the "National Initiative on American History, Civics, and Service," launched by President…

McCullough, Julie, Ed.

2004-01-01

209

vol. 169, no. 5 the american naturalist may 2007 Natural History Miscellany  

E-print Network

vol. 169, no. 5 the american naturalist may 2007 Natural History Miscellany Potential for Ebola: videos. abstract: Over the past decade Ebola hemorrhagic fever has emerged repeatedly in Gabon and Congo, causing numerous human outbreaks and massive die-offs of gorillas and chimpanzees. Why Ebola has emerged

210

Korean American High School Students' Perspectives on U.S. History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Along with the ever-increasing racial/ethnic diversity in U.S. schools, researchers began to investigate the impact of racial/ethnic identity on young people's understanding of the nation's history. Compared to other racial minorities, Asian American students have received little academic and educational attention. This article seeks to address…

An, Sohyun

2012-01-01

211

A Review of Perspectives on Alcohol and Alcoholism in the History of American Health and Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review of alcohol use and alcoholism in the history of American health and medicine reveals a range of ambiguous perspectives. In early America, alcohol was attributed with an array of medicinal uses, while habitual drunkenness was not accepted and was identified as a sin. The reformers of the temperance movement expanded upon what they regarded as the social problems

Victor B. Stolberg

2006-01-01

212

77 FR 52058 - Notice of Inventory Completion: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...September 27, 2012. Repatriation of the human remains to the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe of Washington; Lower Elwha Tribal Community...American Museum of Natural History is responsible for notifying Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe of Washington; Lower Elwha Tribal...

2012-08-28

213

Objects and Objectivity: The Evolution Controversy at the American Museum of Natural History, 1915-1928  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the purpose of this essay, I examine how evolutionary theory was treated and responded to in the American Museum of Natural History's Hall of the Age of Man during the early 1900s. Specifically, I examine how the curatorial work of the museum's president, Henry Fairfield Osborn, relied on the purported use of objectivity as a means by which to…

Homchick, Julie

2010-01-01

214

Searching for Images: The Analysis of Users' Queries for Image Retrieval in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied users' queries for visual information in American history to identify the image attributes important for retrieval and the characteristics of users' queries for digital images, based on queries from 38 faculty and graduate students. Results of pre- and post-test questionnaires and interviews suggest principle categories of search terms.…

Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie M.

2003-01-01

215

Treatment of Japanese-American Internment During World War II in U.S. History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to analyze the treatment of Japanese-American internment during World War II in high school United States history textbooks. Four reasons highlight the selection of this topic for study. First, this historical event was selected because a little over a year ago was the 60th anniversary of President Franklin D.…

Ogawa, Masato

2004-01-01

216

Direct Instruction in Skillful Thinking in Fifth-Grade American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes her use of direct instruction to introduce the skill of determining source reliability in a fifth-grade unit on immigration in American history. She structures instruction to help students establish a thinking-skill strategy that results in not only an understanding of immigration in the late 1800s to early…

Reagan, Rebecca

2008-01-01

217

vol. 167, no. 5 the american naturalist may 2006 Natural History Miscellany  

E-print Network

vol. 167, no. 5 the american naturalist may 2006 Natural History Miscellany The Adaptive of rugose scales in males of the turtle-headed sea snake (Emydocephalus an- nulatus) and conclude, the study of adaptive evolution can be facilitated by choosing a system that involves invasion of a new

Shine, Rick

218

The Negro in Modern American History Textbooks. Fourth Edition. An Examination and Analysis of the Treatment of Black History in Selected Junior and Senior High School Level History Textbooks, as of September 1972. Curricular Viewpoints Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet comprises a compendium of reviews of the following American-history texts on the junior-high school, senior-high school, or junior-senior-high school levels: (1) "Perspectives in United States History," Hovenier, et al.; (2) "Quest for Liberty," Chapin, et al.; (3) "Rise of the American Nation," Todd, et al.; (4) "The People Make a…

Sloan, Irwing

219

Military technology: an historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout history, nations have endeavored to develop new and more advanced technologies with the goal of achieving military advantage. New technologies resulted in new weapons and brought dramatic change in military tactics. The increase in the destructive power of soldiers in the Civil War and the resulting horror and futility of the frontal assault ushered in a change to trench

William J. Perry

2004-01-01

220

Synopsis of History of American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 1958-2008  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To provide a synopsis of the history of the association of radiation oncologists in the United States, currently known as the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO), with the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the organization. Methods and Materials: The history of ASTRO, from its beginning as the American Club of Therapeutic Radiologists, is the subject of a book that is to be released with the occasion of the 50th Annual Meeting of the Society in 2008. This book was prepared by members of ASTRO's History Committee and History Working Subcommittee. The source material for the book was the archives of the Society and recorded interviews, conducted by members of the subcommittee, of members of the Society and of the past and present Society staff. The book was also based on previously published material. This article used the source material used for the Society anniversary book. Results: This synopsis of the history of the Society will provide a source of reference for anyone interested in the history of the Society from its foundation in 1958 to the present, 2008.

Montana, Gustavo S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)], E-mail: gustavo.montana@duke.edu

2008-10-01

221

Association between Obesity and History of Abuse among American Indians in Rural California  

PubMed Central

Objectives To explore factors associated with obesity among American Indians. Methods A cross-sectional survey of American Indian adults (N=459) was conducted at 13 rural reservation sites in California. Participants responded to a survey about their health and wellness perceptions. The Body Mass Index (BMI) was used to assess obesity. A predictive model for BMI was built using a generalized regression model. Results Having high blood pressure and having a history of verbal abuse in childhood were significant predictors of higher BMI. Participants with high blood pressure were likely to have 3.2 units of BMI higher on average than those who do not have high blood pressure (p-value <0.0001). Similarly, those with a history of childhood verbal abuse were likely to have 1.9 units higher BMI on average compared to those with no such history. Having a history of diabetes or sexual abuse in childhood trend towards increased BMI, although not statistically significant. Conclusion Identifying childhood trauma and its impact on adult obesity rates among American Indians provides new avenues for intervention. Efforts to reduce over weight and obesity should include culturally sensitive interventions to ameliorate and repair what is lost through personal violations of stigma, abuse or neglect. PMID:25419489

Hodge, Felicia; Stemmler, M Susan; Nandy, Karabi

2014-01-01

222

The American Physiological SocietyÃÂs ÃÂLiving History ProjectÃÂ  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Physiological Society has announced updates to its ÃÂLiving History Project.ÃÂ The program, initiated in 2005, was designed to create an archival video record of senior members of the APS who have made outstanding contributions to the science of physiology, as well as the profession. With the addition of three new videos, the APS has interviewed 27 accomplished men and women to date.

APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)

2011-03-04

223

AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES & ETHNICITYETHNICITYETHNICITY  

E-print Network

AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES &AMERICAN STUDIES & ETHNICITYETHNICITYETHNICITY This major of the United States with a particular emphasis on comparative study of the peoples, cultures, history: Introduction to American Studies and Ethnicity -- Introduction to American studies and ethnic studies. Provides

Krylov, Anna I.

224

Return to Beringia: parasites reveal cryptic biogeographic history of North American pikas.  

PubMed

Traditional concepts of the Bering Land Bridge as a zone of predominantly eastward expansion from Eurasia and a staging area for subsequent colonization of lower latitudes in North America led to early inferences regarding biogeographic histories of North American faunas, many of which remain untested. Here we apply a host-parasite comparative phylogeographical (HPCP) approach to evaluate one such history, by testing competing biogeographic hypotheses for five lineages of host-specific parasites shared by the collared pika (Ochotona collaris) and American pika (Ochotona princeps) of North America. We determine whether the southern host species (O. princeps) was descended from a northern ancestor or vice versa. Three parasite phylogenies revealed patterns consistent with the hypothesis of a southern origin, which is corroborated by four additional parasite lineages restricted to O. princeps. This finding reverses the traditional narrative for the origins of North American pikas and highlights the role of dispersal from temperate North America into Beringia in structuring northern diversity considerably prior to the Holocene. By evaluating multiple parasite lineages simultaneously, the study demonstrates the power of HPCP for resolving complex biogeographic histories that are not revealed by characteristics of the host alone. PMID:21676975

Galbreath, Kurt E; Hoberg, Eric P

2012-01-22

225

Confronting the Cold War Legacy: The Forgotten History of the American Colony in St. Petersburg / A Case Study of Reconciliation  

E-print Network

This dissertation surveys three decades of the history and dynamics of Russian-American relations, demonstrating that their conduct has never been exclusively confined to governmental operatives and foreign policymakers. ...

Ginzburg, Lyubov Alexandrovna

2010-04-21

226

Cambridge History of English and American Literature: An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week, Bartleby.com (last reviewed in the December 10, 1999 Scout Report) announced the online publication of all eighteen volumes of the classic Cambridge History of English and American Literature. This excellent free resource "comprises the largest public reference work of literary criticism and history on the Internet." Originally published in 1907-1921, the volumes include 303 chapters and more than 11,000 pages, edited and written by a worldwide panel of 171 leading scholars and thinkers of the early twentieth century. The online version features over 5,600 files, searchable by keyword and browseable by volume, chapter, and section. The electronic Cambridge History also includes chapter and bibliography indexes. Although a bit dated in parts, these eighteen volumes are a valuable, and now easily accessible, research tool for secondary and university students.

227

Foster Care History and HIV Infection among Drug-Using African American Female Sex Workers  

PubMed Central

Foster care has been associated with increased HIV risk behaviors among youth, yet long-term association with HIV infection has not been examined. This study explored the associations between foster placement, victimization, mental health, onset of sex work and HIV infection among highly vulnerable female sex workers. 562 drug-involved African American women were enrolled into an intervention study to increase health services utilization and reduce HIV risk. Seventeen percent reported a history of foster placement. Foster history was associated with significantly lower educational attainment, higher victimization, and more severe mental health problems. Women with foster histories reported significantly earlier entry into paid sex work, with some 62% active in the sex trade before age 18. Multivariate analyses found that foster care was independently associated with HIV seropositivity, and that early sex work partially mediated this association. The potential long-term health vulnerabilities associated with foster placement are understudied and warrant additional research. PMID:21818654

Surratt, Hilary L.; Kurtz, Steven P.

2011-01-01

228

Readings in American History (In Their Own Words), Book II: Growth of the New Nation and Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills-text is the second of four books in the series "Readings in American History." The materials allow opportunities to improve reading and comprehension skills in a subject matter context by using certain primary sources related to the topic. Book 2 covers the period immediately following the American Revolution to the election of Abraham…

Abramowitz, Jack

229

The oral histories of six African American males in their ecology of Advanced Placement Biology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The major purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the past in order to understand the complex phenomenon of students engaging in science (Newman, Ridenour, Newman, & DeMarco, 2003) specifically through the oral histories of six self-identified African American males enrolled in a high school Advanced Placement Biology class and the oral histories about events that followed during their post high school experiences. To elucidate an understanding of this phenomenon, this research explored the ecology of African American males' descriptions of their school science, their peer school science community, their lived experiences during and after graduation, and their meso-community (Bronfenbrenner, 1979). Many minority and low-income students are less likely to enroll in rigorous courses during high school (Education Trust, 2006). This study is of utmost importance because capturing the informants' oral histories may improve rigorous science education. Many African American male students are attending urban schools with an ever growing achievement gap among their White counterparts (Norman, Ault, Bentz, & Meskimen, 2001); therefore, they are disengaging in science. As a result, African American males are underrepresented in both science careers and achievements in science (Atwater, 2000; National Science Foundation, 1994). The six oral histories highlighted the ecological factors that affected African American males regarding (1) the impact of their relationship with their mothers, (2) the understanding of personal responsibility, (3) the notion of a scientist, (4) the issue of gender being more of an obstacle than race, (5) the understanding that education is valuable, (6) the interactions and influence of relationships with others on their decisions, (7) the development of integrity through the participation in sports, (8) the ecological neighborhood environment influences an image, (9) the enrollment of Advanced Placement Biology course helped the transition into higher education (10) the issue of race as it surfaced in their ecological environment, (11) the individual's personal effort determines their outcomes, (12) the need for recognition of internal satisfaction, (13) the role of portraying a hero, (14) the ideology of knowing yourself and your limits, (15) the issue of race was prevalent in both personal and public life, and (16) learning is interactive.

Halasa, Katrina Bassam

230

Associate ProfessorThe Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies (AAADS) and the Department of History at Indiana University seek to hire a scholar of  

E-print Network

Associate ProfessorThe Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies (AAADS) and the Department of History at Indiana University seek to hire a scholar of twentieth-century African American departments seek to build upon existing strengths in African American history and are especially interested

Indiana University

231

Women in American History: A Series. Book Two, Women in the Ages of Expansion and Reform 1820-1860.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses women in the ages of expansion and reform (1820-1860). Designed to supplement U.S. history textbooks, the book is presented in six chapters. Chapter I describes the "true woman," an ideal cultivated by women writers, educators, and magazine editors. The four virtues were…

Sanders, Beverly

232

Sharing Our Teachers: The Required Graduate Class at the American Museum of Natural History for Lehman College (CUNY)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reflective study explores the history and outcomes of a teacher education collaboration between the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) and Lehman College of The City University of New York (CUNY), in the Bronx, NY, USA. AMNH developed and teaches a Lehman course, Museum Resources for Teaching Science, for Master's degree candidates in…

Aquino, Adriana E.; Kelly, Angela M.; Bayne, Gillian U.

2010-01-01

233

Principal host relationships and evolutionary history of the North American arenaviruses  

PubMed Central

A previous study suggested that the genomes of the arenaviruses native to North America are a product of genetic recombination between New World arenaviruses with significantly different phylogenetic histories. The purpose of this study was to extend our knowledge of the principal host relationships and evolutionary history of the North American arenaviruses. The results of this study suggest that the large-eared woodrat (Neotoma macrotis) is a principal host of Bear Canyon virus and that the present-day association of Bear Canyon virus with the California mouse (Peromyscus californicus) in southern California represents a successful host-jumping event from the large-eared woodrat to the California mouse. Together, the results of analyses of viral gene sequence data in this study and our knowledge of the phylogeography of the rodents that serve as principal hosts of the New World arenaviruses suggest that genetic recombination between arenaviruses with significantly different phylogenetic histories did not play a role in the evolution of the North American arenaviruses. PMID:17624390

Cajimat, Maria N.B.; Milazzo, Mary Louise; Hess, Barry D.; Rood, Michael P.; Fulhorst, Charles F.

2007-01-01

234

An American health dilemma: a history of blacks in the health system.  

PubMed Central

The present black health crisis is a continuum. After 346 years of neglect, flawed efforts were made to admit black Americans to the "mainstream" health system. Gains were significant from 1965 to 1975; however, since then black health status has eroded. Since colonial times, the racial dilemma that affected America's liberal democratic system also distorted medical relationships and institutions. There are clear connections between campaigns to defeat bills that would improve the health of blacks and other disadvantaged groups and acquiescence with the present reassignment of them to the underfunded, overcrowded, inferior, public health-care sector. Physician leadership helped to establish the slaveocracy, create the racial inferiority myths, and build the segregated health subsystem for blacks and the poor. Clearly, if the history-based health disparities are to be resolved, black physician leadership will be necessary. Without justice and equity in health care, the dream of Martin Luther King will never become a reality for African Americans. PMID:1602519

Byrd, W. M.; Clayton, L. A.

1992-01-01

235

Ellington Field: A Short History, 1917-1962  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document details the chronological history of an air field in Southeast Texas that currently serves as an adjunct to NASA Johnson Space Center as well as a civilian/military air field. The field was built early in the 20th century, soon after airplane flight became a recognized factor in American military applications, was central to a wide variety of military uses throughout this century, and remains viable for such purposes in addition to serving a vital role in NASA's training of astronauts.

Carlson, Erik

1999-01-01

236

Uri Bar-Joseph - Strategic Surprise or Fundamental Flaws? The Sources of Israel's Military Defeat at the Beginning of the 1973 War - The Journal of Military History 72:2  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the decade after the 1973 War of Yom Kippur, the consensus was that Israel's military defeat in the war's first stage was caused by the failure of intelligence to provide a warning prior to the Arab attack, but many experts maintained later that it reflected improper preparations for war. Using recently released evidence, this article analyzes Israel's inadequate war

Uri Bar-Joseph

2008-01-01

237

Perspectives:The Strength of a People: Exploring the Impact of History and Culture on African American Families Who Are Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors share their perspective on how the history of African American's in the U.S., and an awareness of the role of African cultural traditions, can provide insight on working effectively with African American families.

Temple, Tabitha; Diamond-Berry, Kimberly

2010-01-01

238

Family history of cancer and renal cell cancer risk in Caucasians and African Americans  

PubMed Central

Background: The association between renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk and family history of cancer has not been examined with an adequate number of African Americans (AAs). Methods: In a population-based case–control study, unconditional logistic regression was used to calculate the association between RCC risk and a family history of cancer among 1217 RCC cases and 1235 controls. Results: Increased RCC risk was shown for subjects with at least one first-degree relative with kidney cancer (odds ratio=2.29; 95% confidence interval=1.31–4.00). No differences in risk were observed when analyses were stratified by race. For Caucasians, excess risk was observed among those reporting a sibling with kidney cancer, whereas for AAs, increased risk occurred among subjects reporting either a sibling or parent affected with the disease. A family history of non-renal cancers, and those related to smoking or to the von Hippel–Lindau syndrome, revealed no association with RCC risk. Conclusion: The RCC risk associated with a family history of kidney cancer is similar among Caucasians and AAs. PMID:20442711

Karami, S; Schwartz, K; Purdue, M P; Davis, F G; Ruterbusch, J J; Munuo, S S; Wacholder, S; Graubard, B I; Colt, J S; Chow, W-H

2010-01-01

239

To Play or Not Play Politics with History: A Perspective on Swedish, American, and European Teaching of History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the use of history in politics and the debate about the national history standards. Discusses the view of history and history teaching in Sweden (providing background information), a comparison between the United States and Sweden, and the history standards in Sweden. (CMK)

Larsson, Hans Albin

1998-01-01

240

This major offers courses in ancient, medieval, and modern European history, including Russian history; in both North and Latin American history; in the  

E-print Network

(1) HIST course elective Upper Division Courses** HIST 312: The Age of the French Revolution: Urbanization in the American Experience HIST 351: The American Revolution HIST 352: The American Civil War

Rohs, Remo

241

This major offers courses in ancient, medieval, and modern European history, including Russian history; in both North and Latin American history; in the  

E-print Network

) HIST course elective Upper Division Courses** HIST 312: The Age of the French Revolution and Napoleon: Urbanization in the American Experience HIST 351: The American Revolution HIST 352: The American Civil War

Rohs, Remo

242

Military Authority.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores questions of military authority. The first article looks at the French Army mutinies in World War I and how the French Army dealt with them. The second article examines President Truman's firing of popular and powerful General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. The final article looks at how…

Martz, Carlton; Hayes, Bill

2001-01-01

243

Fabricating authenticity: modeling a whale at the American Museum of Natural History, 1906-1974.  

PubMed

Historians of science have in recent years become increasingly attentive to the ways in which issues of process, matter, meaning, and value combine in the fabrication of scientific objects. This essay examines the techniques that went into the construction--and authentication--of one such scientific object: a model of a blue, or "sulfur-bottom," whale manufactured at the American Museum of Natural History in 1907. In producing their model, exhibitors at the American Museum employed a patchwork of overlapping discursive, procedural, and material techniques to argue that their fabrication was as authentic--as truthful, accurate, authoritative, and morally and aesthetically worthy of display--as an exhibit containing a real, preserved cetacean. Through an examination of the archival and published traces left by these exhibitors as they built their whale, I argue that the scientific meanings of authenticity at the American Museum were neither static nor timeless, but rather were subject to constant negotiation, examination, re-evaluation, and upkeep. PMID:20718275

Rossi, Michael

2010-06-01

244

American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The project will provide information about the American Revolution. America's Journey to Independence provides an overview of the factors that contributed to American Independence. Figures of the American Revolution WebQuest shows certain important figures of the American Revolution. Such figures include John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison. Primary Documents in American History provides primary documents from American History. Primary documents pertaining to the American Revolution are provided. Research, ' Riting, and Revolution for Mr. Bishop's U.S. History Class is ...

Brooks

2009-10-13

245

CIVIL-MILITARY GAP AND MILITARY EFFECTIVENESS: THE IMPACT OF IDEOLOGY AND MILITARY EXPERIENCE GAP ON DEFENSE SPENDING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1952-2000  

E-print Network

-Volunteer Military in the United States," The Journal of Economic Perspectives 15, no. 2 (2001). 25 William T Bianco and Jamie Markham, "Vanishing Veterans: The Decline of Military Experience in the U.S. Congress," in Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil... Laura L. Miller and John Allen Williams, "Do Military Policies on Gender and Sexuality Undermine Combat Effectiveness?," in Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security, ed. P Feaver and RH Kohn (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT...

Lee, Byeonggu

2010-01-01

246

A geophysically constrainedlarge ensemble analysis of the d eglacial history of the North American ice-sheet complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past reconstructions of the deglaciation history of the North American (NA) ice-sheet complex have relied either on largely unconstrained and limited explorations of the phase space of solutions produced by glaciological models or upon geophysical inversions of relative sea-level (RSL) data which suffer from incomplete geographic coverage of the glaciated regions, load history amplitude\\/timing ambiguities, and a lack of a

L. Tarasov

247

The American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition 1909-1915  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1909, scientists Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin, as well as numerous assistants, set out into the remote Central African Congo River basin to explore and catalog the many extraordinary plant and animal species found within. This fabulous new Web sitefrom the American Museum of Natural History details the six-year expedition that resulted in the first comprehensive study of the Congo basin. This online exhibit includes field notes, photographs, illustrations, interactive maps, and films of early 20th century Congo biological and cultural features. There is also a searchable collection of scientific publications, many of which were authored by Lang, Chapin, and their contemporaries. This is a rich resource that is likely to appeal to many. This site is also reviewed in the March 8, 2002 Scout Report.

2002-01-01

248

Page 82 California Cultural Studies Sonoma State University 2008-2010 Catalog by the departments of Art History, American Multicultural Studies,  

E-print Network

Page 82 California Cultural Studies Sonoma State University 2008-2010 Catalog by the departments of Art History, American Multicultural Studies, Native American Studies, Chicano and Latino Studies, Anthropol- ogy, History, Music, Film Studies, Geography, Geology, Biology, and Political Science. The CCS

Ravikumar, B.

249

Ten Years of Youth Programs at the American Museum of Natural History: An Independent Perspective and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this report, the author shares her perspective on ten years of science-rich programming for high school youth at the American Museum of Natural History. This report includes: (1) A discussion of the theory of action and the rationale that underlies the AMNH youth programs; (2) A description of three of the programs that have been offered and…

Carroll, Becky

2008-01-01

250

An Analysis of the Treatment of Corporate Influence on Government by United States History and American Government High School Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an investigation to explore the possibility that ideology might be expressed in the treatment of corporate influence on federal government by social studies textbooks. Two textbooks were examined in the study--United States history and American government. Corporate influence involves activities that affect election and…

Neumann, Richard

2014-01-01

251

The African-American Mosaic. A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a broad survey of the Library of Congress's holdings concerning the history and culture of black Americans in the United States. It provides titles of bibliographies, other guides, aids to finding materials, and individual items. This guide, which is arranged chronologically, discusses Library of Congress collections in three…

Ham, Debra Newman, Ed.; And Others

252

Readings in American History (In Their Own Words), Book IV. The United States in the Twentieth Century and Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills-text is one of four books in the series "Readings in American History." The materials allow opportunities to improve reading and comprehension skills in a subject matter context by using certain primary sources related to the topic. Book 4 covers the period from World War I through the Reagan years. Each lesson includes short readings…

Abramowitz, Jack

253

Variation in life-history characteristics among populations of North American wood turtles: a view from the north  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life-history traits such as age at maturity, body size and clutch size tend to vary across a species' distribution. The purpose of our study was to describe the demography of a newly discovered population of North American wood turtles Glyptemys insculpta at the species' northern range limit, and to compare our findings to those of other studies to test hypotheses

W. F. Greaves; J. D. Litzgus

2009-01-01

254

A signal for independent coastal and continental histories among North American wolves  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Relatively little genetic variation has been uncovered in surveys across North American wolf populations. Pacific Northwest coastal wolves, in particular, have never been analysed. With an emphasis on coastal Alaska wolf populations, variation at 11 microsatellite loci was assessed. Coastal wolf populations were distinctive from continental wolves and high levels of diversity were found within this isolated and relatively small geographical region. Significant genetic structure within southeast Alaska relative to other populations in the Pacific Northwest, and lack of significant correlation between genetic and geographical distances suggest that differentiation of southeast Alaska wolves may be caused by barriers to gene flow, rather than isolation by distance. Morphological research also suggests that coastal wolves differ from continental populations. A series of studies of other mammals in the region also has uncovered distinctive evolutionary histories and high levels of endemism along the Pacific coast. Divergence of these coastal wolves is consistent with the unique phylogeographical history of the biota of this region and re-emphasizes the need for continued exploration of this biota to lay a framework for thoughtful management of southeast Alaska. ?? 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Weckworth, B.V.; Talbot, S.; Sage, G.K.; Person, D.K.; Cook, J.

2005-01-01

255

Objects and Objectivity: The Evolution Controversy at the American Museum of Natural History, 1915-1928  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the purpose of this essay, I examine how evolutionary theory was treated and responded to in the American Museum of Natural History’s Hall of the Age of Man during the early 1900s. Specifically, I examine how the curatorial work of the museum’s president, Henry Fairfield Osborn, relied on the purported use of objectivity as a means by which to communicate the validity of evolutionary theory through the objects in his exhibit. But objectivity represented a resource for anti-evolution critics as well. To show this, I likewise examine how the Baptist pastor, John Roach Straton, responded to Osborn’s objects and purported use of objectivity in the Hall of the Age of Man and how he himself attempted to establish a different type of objectivity through pluralistic approaches to theories of origins. Established as a common value, objectivity ceased to be a simple discriminator between scientists and non-scientists within the debate over evolution. While issues over the teaching of evolutionary theory during this period are already well known, I show here that the controversy over evolutionary theory was not only an issue within public schools during the early 1900s, but also within the museum as an institute of public education and how the rhetorical role of objects and space were critical components of argument for both evolutionists and creationists.

Homchick, Julie

2010-05-01

256

3 CFR 8476 - Proclamation 8476 of February 1, 2010. National African American History Month, 2010  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...many hard-working Americans whose legacies are...opportunity for most African Americans, yet substantial obstacles...the vicious cycle of poverty—still pose enormous...past generations of African Americans to rise above...

2011-01-01

257

American studies Why American studies?  

E-print Network

American studies Why American studies? The US is the sole superpower in the 21st century and its may live. Studying American history, culture and society in the context of the Americas provides much What American studies courses are there? American Studies American Studies and English American Studies

Sussex, University of

258

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes  

E-print Network

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb, in a censored version. On August 11, 1945, five days after the Allies dropped the first nuclear bomb on Japan physics and the history of radioactivity; a chronicle of the efforts to break down the atom by bombardment

Landweber, Laura

259

Recasting History: Are Race, Class, and Gender Dominating American History? A Study of U.S. History Courses at the University of Texas and Texas A&M University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1971, the state of Texas enacted a legislative requirement that students at public institutions complete two courses in American history. With that mandate in mind, the Texas Association of Scholars and the National Association of Scholars' Center for the Study of the Curriculum proposed to determine how students today meet the requirement, and…

Fonte, Richard W.; Wood, Peter W.; Thorne, Ashley

2013-01-01

260

Art History 95 Art History  

E-print Network

Art History 95 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, BFA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American,Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies.The major in art history is struc

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

261

Art History 97 Art History  

E-print Network

Art History 97 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American,Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies.The major in art history is struc

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

262

National Military Family Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Military Families in 2014. Apply for Military Spouse Scholarships We want to help military spouses gain meaningful ... the ways we do this is by offering scholarships to spouses of all Uniformed Services. Apply Now! ...

263

History's Contributions to the Renewal in the Sociology of the State. Crossed Franco-American Perspectives , Tocqueville Review, vol. XXXIII, N2, 2013,  

E-print Network

« History's Contributions to the Renewal in the Sociology of the State. Crossed Franco-American Perspectives », Tocqueville Review, vol. XXXIII, N°2, 2013, p.43-70. HISTORY'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE RENEWAL, considering only modern history, the first branch to engage with the State thematic, focus has also shifted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

264

Copyright American Museum of Natural History 2001 ISSN 0003-0082 / Price $2.10 PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY  

E-print Network

near Santa Isabel, Columbia (Rin- gulet,1980a), Helobdella titicacensis (Rin- gulet,1959) in Lake Titicaca, and Maiabdella batracophila (Ringuelet, 1980b). #12;2 NO. 3341AMERICAN MUSEUM NOVITATES Map 1

Siddall, Mark E.

265

Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic). American lobster. [Homarus americanus  

SciTech Connect

This species profile is a literature summary of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of the American lobster (Homarus americanus). These species profiles are designed to assist in the preparation of environmental impact assessments. The American lobster is a valuable commercial shellfish. After spawning, lobsters undergo a series of molts; as adults they live in coastal and offshore waters. Lobsters are captured in baited traps and incidentally in trawls. About 5 to 6 million pounds were captured commercially in 1983, a downward trend from 1971. Major environmental factors affecting reproduction, growth, and survival are water temperature, oxygen concentration, salinity, and substrate. 82 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

MacKenzie, C.; Moring, J.R.

1985-04-01

266

184 History History (Hist)  

E-print Network

Civilization, 1789 to the Present Prerequisite:Freshmanorsophomorestanding. The French Revolution and Napoleon history's longest lasting monarchical system, ignited two of its largest revolutions, began World War IIandalternateyears History 107 (3)--History of the United states to 1876 The colonial period, the American Revolution

Dresden, Gregory

267

Of Water Balloons and History: Using Wargames as Active Learning Tools to Teach the Historical Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each fall semester, on the first day of class of his upper-level American Military History course, the author informs his students that a major part of the class consists of a wargame in which they will participate. In this article, the author describes briefly how the class will be divided into two teams, and that on a specific evening during the…

Browning, Judkin

2009-01-01

268

American Women Through Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many resources that detail the contributions of women in American history, but this particular site does so in an organized and intelligent fashion. Created by Ken Middleton, a reference librarian at Middle Tennessee State University, the site is chronologically organized, and visitors can read through each area to learn about various online resources that deal with each historical era. The primary timeline covers the world of Native Americans all the way up to the year 2001. The site also has a "Other Timelines" section, which includes links to timelines that tell the stories of notable women in history and topical ones as well, such as those dealing with feminism, Jewish women, and women in the military.

Middleton, Ken, 1964-

269

Chatham County, Community at the Crossroads: A Southern/African American Oral History Seminar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the course "Introduction to Oral History," taught the University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill) that explores southern and African history since World War II. Emphasizes the history of Chatham County, a rural community south of Chapel Hill. (CMK)

Love, Spencie

2000-01-01

270

Forgotten History: Mexican American School Segregation in Arizona from 1900–1951  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article documents the efforts by Mexican Americans to challenge school segregation in Arizona in the first half of the twentieth century. As in Texas and California, although state law never formally mandated the segregation of Mexican American students, school districts in Arizona often established separate “Mexican Schools” for Mexican American students. While districts argued that segregation was necessary because

Jeanne M. Powers

2008-01-01

271

Military Campaign Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress, this fine digital archive brings together thousands of maps that offer great detail about major military conflicts, including such information as troop movements, defensive structures and groundworks, campsites, local buildings, topography and vegetation. On the site, visitors can also learn about how the maps were digitized, along with specific information about the various technical equipment used to capture the full content of each document. The archive of documents here is not solely historically focused, as there are maps of more contemporary conflict sites, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The entire contents of the archive may be searched in a variety of methods, including through the use of keywords, browsing through a subject list, a creator index, and a geographic location index. From some rather interesting maps of the Brandywine to a Dutch map showing locations of military importance in Pennsylvania and New York, this site will be of interest to historians, cartographers, and many others.

272

Einstein Online: A Web-based Course for K-12 Teachers from the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Einstein Online: A Web-based Course for K-12 Teachers from the American Museum of Natural History Robert V. Steiner, Ph.D. Project Director, Seminars on Science American Museum of Natural History The American Museum of Natural History, in collaboration with Hebrew University and the Skirball Cultural Center, has created a major exhibit on Albert Einstein, including extensive coverage of his contributions to relativity, quantum mechanics and unified field theories as well as the social and political dimensions of his life. Leveraging the assets of this exhibit as well as the expertise of the Museum's Department of Astrophysics and its Education Department, a six-week online professional development course for K-12 teachers has been created, providing inquires into some of the frontiers of physics through rich media resources, facilitated discussion forums and assignments. The course, which requires only minimal Web access, offers a unique opportunity for teachers across the United States to explore modern physics guided by a working scientist and a skilled online facilitator. The course includes original essays by Museum scientists, images, video, simulations, web links and digital resources for classroom use. The course design, development, implementation and evaluation are reviewed.

Steiner, Robert

2004-05-01

273

The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar…

Fraser, Cary

2009-01-01

274

The History of Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Engineering is everywhere in life, but rarely are the origins of this profession ever discussed. This website, created by Engineering Technology Pathways, traces the roots of engineering back to ancient civilizations. Things such as the building of the pyramids, engineering during the industrial revolution and even military engineering during the American Revolution are featured in this presentation. The author, Greg Heitkamp, divides the timeline in four majors periods, they are: the pre-scientific revolution, the industrial revolution, the second industrial revolution, and finally the information age. In the end, there is a brief quiz to test the knowledge gained through this history lesson. Overall, this is a good activity as it introduces students to the lesser known history of the field of engineering.

Heitkamp, Greg

275

American Labor in U.S. History Textbooks: How Labor's Story Is Distorted in High School History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Imagine opening a high school U.S. history textbook and finding no mention of--or at most a passing sentence about--Valley Forge, the Missouri Compromise, or the League of Nations. Imagine not finding a word about Benjamin Franklin, Lewis and Clark, Sitting Bull, Andrew Carnegie, or Rosa Parks. Imagine if these key events and people just…

Cole, Paul F.; Megivern, Lori; Hilgert, Jeff

2011-01-01

276

Its a Mans World? World History Meets the History of Masculinity, in Latin American Studies, for Instance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the vexed relationship between studies of gender and sexuality, especially as they relate to masculinity, and the growing field of world history. These bodies of scholarship have largely remained separate, even antagonistic, despite shared thematic concerns with transnational flows. Overall, world historians privilege political economy and global connections, while historians of gender and sexuality concern themselves with

2010-01-01

277

Nearby History: Exploring the Past around You. Second Edition. American Association for State and Local History Book Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive handbook on investigating the history of your community, family, local institutions, and cultural artifacts, this fully updated second edition provides insights on how to find and use published, unpublished, visual, and material records; collect information through interviews; connect individual investigations with broader…

Kyvig, David E.; Marty, Myron A.

278

Sexual Assault Histories and Evening Drinking among Young American Men in a High-Risk Drinking Environment  

PubMed Central

We surveyed young American men traveling to Tijuana, Mexico, from San Diego, California, for a weekend night out, collecting responses both southbound at the outset of the evening and northbound upon return at the end of the evening. Among 650 males, we examined the relationship between sexual histories and attitudes and alcohol use, both historically and on their night in Tijuana. Respondents with a history of coercing sex drank more in Tijuana and were more likely to binge drink. Although estimating sexual assaults committed by these males on the evening in question was not possible, this research establishes the link between a history of sexual assault and the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of young men resulting from an evening in a timeout environment. PMID:20043253

Mumford, E. A.; Kelley-Baker, T.; Romano, E.

2010-01-01

279

Jennifer Nelson - Healthcare Reconsidered: Forging Community Wellness among African Americans in the South - Bulletin of the History of Medicine 81:3  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article details the history of Slossfield Hospital, an African American hospital and community center founded in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1937. During its New Deal–era existence it provided African American physicians institutional support for their medical practices. Additionally, as a community center, it addressed the socioeconomics of good health. This paper uses Slossfield as a case study to explore how

Jennifer Nelson

2007-01-01

280

The History of American Art Education: Learning about Art in American Schools. Contributions to the Study of Education, Number 67.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines some of the currents, figures, and moments in U.S. art education. The text is organized in 12 chapters: (1) "The Beginnings of Education in the Visual Arts in America"; (2) "The Dismissal of Walter Smith: Historiographic Explanation, the American Art Scene, and Visual Arts Education in the Late Nineteenth Century"; (3)…

Smith, Peter J.

281

Education, Racism, and the Military: A Critical Race Theory Analysis of the GI Bill and Its Implications for African Americans in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of the Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944 (the GI Bill) on African Americans' quest for higher education. The central question guiding this study follows: Why has higher education been so elusive for African Americans? With reference to this question, the following sub-questions were addressed: (1) How can the…

Mencke, Bernadette Kristine Buchanan

2010-01-01

282

A Review of the Portrayal of American Indians in a Selection of U.S. History Textbooks and Recommendations for a Supplementary Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the treatment of American Indians in six high school U.S. history textbooks, published 1990-95 and used in several geographically diverse private schools and one public school in New York. The study aimed to determine whether all sides of the stories that make up U.S. history were presented, to clarify what specific areas are…

Juhel, Jean-Marc

283

History  

Microsoft Academic Search

A common approach to a biblical text involves drawing out the lines of the implied dimensions of the text, in particular, the author, historical background, and audience to which the text bears witness. Another dimension of the text is represented by its history of interpretation. The latter may also be described as an extension of the text insofar as it

H. Butterfield; John Higham; Leonard Krieger; Felix Gilbert

1966-01-01

284

Encyclopedia of Native American Jewelry: A Guide to History, People, and Terms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A current guide to significant people, techniques, design motifs, materials, and forms, this comprehensive encyclopedia covers Native American jewelry making from the first contact with the Europeans to the present, focusing primarily on the last 150 years of Native American jewelry making. The encyclopedia contains 350 cross-referenced entries…

Baxter, Paula A.

285

Art and the Western Experience: A Source of Information for American History Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early European and Euro-American artists documented the land, people, flora, and fauna of western North America. These artists gave Europeans and eastern Americans their first glimpse of the west. Because artists were important to the early explorers and topographers of the west, this document advocates study of western art and artists as an…

Beardsley, Donna A.

286

Critical Contexts for Biomedical Research in a Native American Community: Health Care, History, and Community Survival  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Native Americans have been underrepresented in previous studies of biomedical research participants. This paper reports a qualitative interview study of Native Americans' perspectives on biomedical research. In-depth interviews were conducted with 53 members of a Southwest tribal community. Many interviewees viewed biomedical research studies as a…

Sahota, Puneet Chawla

2012-01-01

287

Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic IX.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four modules of classroom strategies provide suggestions for examining U.S. history in light of contemporary issues. "The Right to Life" uses the Karen Anne Quinlan case as a model for exploring moral, legal, and medical issues related to euthanasia. Students discuss the reasoning and viewpoints of various groups associated with the case, and they…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

288

First Person History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You will choose an event in history to research, and use pictures to provide evidence. 1. Using \\"Hyper History Online\\", \\"American Studies Links\\" and \\"History Matters\\", select an event or person in history (for example, the sinking of the Lusitania or Andrew Jackson). History Matters American Studies Links Recommended by Richard P. Horowitz Hyper History Online 2. Research this person or event using the above resources. 3. Search \\"Images of American Political History\\" for pictures that relate to your ...

Mrs. Merkley

2007-11-30

289

ADHD and the Military  

MedlinePLUS

ADHD and the Military Can't find what you're looking for? Our health information specialists are ... 800-233-4050 or online . Can Individuals with ADHD Join the Military? Finding accurate information about whether ...

290

Speciational history of North American Haemorhous finches (Aves: Fringillidae) inferred from multilocus data.  

PubMed

We investigated species relationships and timing of speciation in North American Haemorhous finches by using a mitochondrial phylogeographic approach combined with a multilocus species tree reconstruction. Haemorhous purpureus and H. cassinii were strongly supported as sister taxa, and H. mexicanus was sister to H. purpureus+H. cassinii. Our divergence times indicated that diversification within Haemorhous occurred progressively from the Late Miocene into the Pleistocene. Our inferred pattern of speciation demonstrates the complexity of the origins of North American birds, and provides additional evidence that a single cause for speciation in closely related North American birds, such as Late Pleistocene glacial-interglacial cycles, is unlikely. PMID:23219607

Smith, Brian Tilston; Bryson, Robert W; Chua, Vivien; Africa, Lia; Klicka, John

2013-03-01

291

Military Risk Assessment  

E-print Network

Military Risk Assessment: From Conventional Warfare to Counter Insurgency Operations C.W. Johnson 8 reserved. ISBN 978-0-85261-933-9 #12;Military Risk Assessment 3 Contents 1 An Introduction to Military Risk Management ............................................. 10 1.1 Risk Management Processes in MIL STD 882D

Williamson, John

292

American Journal of Botany 91(7): 11471153. 2004. SEEDLING ESTABLISHMENT AND LIFE HISTORY  

E-print Network

of recruitment in the life history of these plants is unknown. Two alpine cushion plant species, Minuartia obtusiloba and Paronychia pulvinata, were used to (1) determine the role of recruitment in population, we determined that the life history of Minuartia and Paro- nychia emphasizes recruitment less than

Doak, Dan F.

293

The American History Videodisc (Second Edition), CD-ROM, and Master Guide [Multimedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource represents a virtual library of still and moving images, documents, maps, sound clips and text which make up United States history from the Pre Columbian era to the early 1990s. The interdisciplinary range of materials included is compatible with standard textbooks in middle and high school social science, social studies, history,…

1996

294

History Writing that's "Good to Think with": "The Great Fire," "Blizzard!" and "An American Plague"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I argue that history books that are "good to think with" narrate history and, at the same time, provide insight into how it is constructed. These books are much more than collections of facts. Specifically, they provide information about historical context, multiple perspectives, sources of information, and original interpretation.…

Zarnowski, Myra

2009-01-01

295

11.014J / 21H.232J American Urban History II, Fall 2004  

E-print Network

This is a seminar course that explores the history of selected features of the physical environment of urban America. Among the features considered are parks, cemeteries, tenements, suburbs, zoos, skyscrapers, department ...

Fogelson, Robert

296

Breaking away from the Textbook: A Creative Approach to Teaching American History. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Third Edition" updates the decades of the 1980s and 1990s and moves into the events and issues of the 21st century. Designed as a teaching supplement for any U.S. history course of study, it can be used in its entirety or selectively to fill in gaps left by traditional textbooks and curricula. The authors seek to bring U.S. history to life…

Kintisch, Shelly; Cordero, Wilma

2005-01-01

297

Kathleen Franz Department of History  

E-print Network

Kathleen Franz Department of History American University 4400 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC: American cultural history, 1876-1939, popular culture, the history of technology, material and visual in American Studies, Magna Cum Laude Employment Associate Professor and Director of Public History American

Lansky, Joshua

298

A Part, Yet Apart: South Asians in Asian America. Asian American History and Culture Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection consider the extent to which South Asian Americans are included within "Asian America" as the term is applied to academic programs and admissions policies, grassroots community organizing and politics, and critical analyses of cultural products. The essays are: (1) "Within Kaleidoscope Eyes: The Potential (Dangers) of…

Shankar, Lavina Dhingra, Ed.; Srikanth, Rajini, Ed.

299

The Ever-Changing Line: History, Society and Politics in Native American Land Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that contemporary conflict over the reclamation of Native American tribal lands, and the use of native land law to further expand those land claims, fundamentally has its roots in the cultural assumptions and prejudices of late nineteenth-Century America. In it I seek to demonstrate through a combination of historical, political and legal analysis that white backlash against

Steven Rice

300

Values in History: Changing Interpretations of the American Presidency from 1945-1965.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper traces the period 1945-65 when scholars of the American presidency changed their emphasis from the study of individual presidents to examination of the presidency itself and the powers it encompassed. The change was prompted by events such as World War II, development of the atomic bomb, and the Cold War. Evidence that mankind was…

Miller, James R.

301

3 CFR 8345 - Proclamation 8345 of February 2, 2009. National African American History Month, 2009  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...shores for centuries. This year’s theme, “The Quest for Black Citizenship in the Americas,” is a chance to examine the evolution of our country and how African Americans helped draw us ever closer to becoming a more perfect union. The...

2010-01-01

302

Early Education and Afro-Americans: History, Assumptions and Implications for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A historical overview of major educational events in the lives of young Afro-Americans is presented, followed by a discussion of cultural differences and ways these differences have been interpreted by educators. Concludes with discussion of multicultural education and its implications for teachers who value the cultural diversity of their…

Corder, Linda J.; Quisenberry, Nancy L.

1987-01-01

303

Redefining American History: Ethnicity, Progressive Historiography and the Making of Richard Hofstadter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The distinguished Columbia University historian Richard Hofstadter possessed a scholarly imagination unusually open to fresh approaches to illuminating the past. In the seven years that separated the publications of "American Political Tradition" (1948) and "The Age of Reform" (1955), Hofstadter absorbed new intellectual insights that challenged…

Brown, David

2003-01-01

304

The Natural History of American Black - White Relations: A Question of Structural Persistence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is on the Piedmont and Tidewater regions of the American South. Traditional social patterns tend to be used as models as long as they serve the community's purposes. In the community of slave and planter in ante-bellum Tidewater Southern U.S.A., a group of privileged blacks known generally as house servants came to function…

Shute, Gary

305

Charlie Chan: The Untold Story of the Honorable Detective and His Rendezvous with American History  

E-print Network

1 Charlie Chan: The Untold Story of the Honorable Detective and His Rendezvous with American." --Pico Iyer, Time In one of the most celebrated books of the year, comes this first biography of Charlie as a literary sleuth and Hollywood film icon. Finally resurrecting Charlie Chan from the graveyard of detested

Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

306

Teaching the Role of the Indian in American History and Upgrading Curricula. A Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in this document is a discussion of the need for an ongoing evaluation of the accuracy and adequacy of materials pertaining to American Indians in textbooks and reference books in use, or being produced for use, in the nation's schools. During this ongoing evaluation, to be done by a recognized permanent national committee of Indian…

Costo, Rupert

307

Junior High Unit Spans Five Disciplines: American History Comes Alive in Ohio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A time of upheaval and innovation, the American Colonial Period (1600-1775) was marked by New World settlers' struggles to adapt to a life that lacked anything familiar or prefabricated. The period provides a rich opportunity to study the contributions of the colonists across multiple disciplines. In the fall of 2003, a team of eighth-grade…

Needham, Rosalind

2004-01-01

308

Penny M. Von Eschen Department of History and Program in American Culture  

E-print Network

, and Penny Von Eschen editors, Blackwell Press, 2009. Contested Democracy: Freedom, Race, and Power-1993 PUBLICATIONS Books Satchmo Blows Up the World: Jazz Ambassadors Play the Cold War, Harvard University Press, 2004 Race against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937-1957, Cornell University Press

Edwards, Paul N.

309

The 1960s &'70s: Creative Activities for Teaching American History. Teacher's Guide. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The activities in this manual explore some of the issues of the 1960s and 1970s that reflected changes in U.S. patterns of thought: minorities sought their share of the American pie; young people challenged established authority; massive protests erupted against the Vietnam War; political corruption was found in high office and a marked change…

Stevens, Lawrence

310

Adaptive harvest management of North American waterfowl populations: a brief history and future prospects  

E-print Network

to the establishment of sport hunting regulations for mid-continent North American Mallard ducks, Anas platyrhynchos used an adaptive approach to the management of sport har- vest of mid-continent Mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) in North America. This approach differs from many current approaches to conservation

Steury, Todd D.

311

History Matters: Children's Art Education inside the Japanese American Internment Camp  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What did art education look like within the confines of the Japanese American Internment Camp classrooms? Did the art education in the camps reflect the same curriculum that was being taught outside the camps and what other factors may have played a part in the students' experience? I propose that there were at least three significant…

Wenger, Gina Mumma

2012-01-01

312

The American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare: History and Grand Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conceptualized by social work deans and actualized with the support of major social work organizations, the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare was established in 2009. This article describes the historical context and creation of the Academy, whose objectives include recognizing outstanding social work scholars and practitioners;…

Barth, Richard P.; Gilmore, Grover C.; Flynn, Marilyn S.; Fraser, Mark W.; Brekke, John S.

2014-01-01

313

From Revolution to Reconstruction: A WWW Project In Collective Writing: A Hypertext on American History: From the Colonial Period Until Modern Times  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"From Revolution to Reconstruction, and What Happened Afterwards" is an ongoing hypertext history of the United States. The backbone of the document is a U.S. Information Agency document called "An Outline of American History." The site is divided into eight chapters covering the colonial period to the Bush administration. Hypertext links are made to literally hundreds of full text documents including Presidents' addresses, the Federalist Papers, the Confessions of Nat Turner, the Mayflower Compact, the Northwest Ordinance, and excerpts from F.L. Olmsted's "A Journey in the Seaboard Slave States." The power of this site is not in its collection of documents, but in how they are accessed via hypertext and appear in context of the history presented. At present the content predominantly covers early American history, however the site is a work in progress.

1998-01-01

314

North American History of Two Invasive Plant Species: Phytogeographic Distribution, Dispersal Vectors, and Multiple Introductions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The North American historic phytogeographic distribution of mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) and Japanese knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum), two invasive perennial species introduced from Eurasia and East Asia respectively, was recreated using herbarium records.\\u000a The putative initial introduction of these two species differs by c.a. 400 years, but their patterns of geographic distribution,\\u000a introduction pathways, and local dispersal pathways are similar. Both species showed

Jacob N. Barney

2006-01-01

315

Ella Thea Smith and the Lost History of American High School Biology Textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two influential articles published in the 1970s suggested that pressure from Christian fundamentalists, subsequent to the\\u000a Scopes trial of 1925, forced American high school biology textbook authors and publishers to significantly limit discussion\\u000a of the topic of evolution. The conclusions reached by these studies have become foundational for historians examining the\\u000a interplay between science and religion in the United States

Ronald P. Ladouceur

2008-01-01

316

“Are we a family or a business?” History and disjuncture in the urban American street gang  

Microsoft Academic Search

After 1987, in pool halls and city parks, high school football games, storefront churches, youth centers, and other sites where police presence was minimal, high-ranking leaders from Chicago’s largest AfricanAmerican street gang ‘‘Nations’’ began meeting to discuss the latest period of change in their respective associations. Adorned in jewelry and expensive designer clothes, and transported in luxury cars, the leaders

Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh; Steven D. Levitt

2000-01-01

317

Materials and Area of Study for Advanced Placement Program in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and evaluates benefits of advanced placement programs and identifies materials which can help high school history classroom teachers develop effective advanced placement programs. An advanced placement program is defined as a program which requires a student to do extensive research and writing throughout the school year.…

Santos, Peter A.

318

American History on the Screen: A Teacher's Resource Book on Film and Video.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many students, films and television provide not only a chief source of entertainment, but their only glimpse of history outside of a formal classroom. This book aims to stimulate media awareness and critical viewing skills in students through lessons in critical analysis and historical interpretation of selected films. The films chosen for…

Wilson, Wendy S.; Herman, Gerald H.

319

Getting Medieval on American History Research: A Method to Help Students Think Historically  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to increase college history majors' ability to analyze primary sources, the author set up a unique research project designed to tap into his students' personal interests, and which would utilize a specific method requiring them to grapple with primary source materials in an unfamiliar, though hopefully more profitable fashion. The…

Burkholder, Peter

2010-01-01

320

"Remember the Ladies!" A Handbook of Women in American History. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook for teaching about women in U.S. history classes is arranged in seven chapters. Each chapter contains background information and a selection of primary source writings by both men and women. Attention is directed toward the activities and status of both white and minority women in all periods. Chapter I, "Women of the Colonial…

Franklin, Robin; Wolf, Tasha Lebow

321

History of Science as Interdisciplinary Education in American Colleges: Its Origins, Advantages, and Pitfalls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Before 1950, history of science did not exist as an independent academic branch, but was instead pursued by practitioners across various humanities and scientific disciplines. After professionalization, traces of its prehistory as a cross-disciplinary area of interest bound to an interdisciplinary, educational philosophy have remained. This essay…

Viterbo, Paula

2007-01-01

322

Exploration to Constitution: Booklet 1. Critical Thinking in American History. [Student Manual].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this student booklet presents high school students with a series of supplementary lessons on the exploration of early America, the colonies, the revolution, and the Constitution. The booklet begins with a guide to critical thinking…

O'Reilly, Kevin

323

A Study of the Relationship between Historical Analysis and Student Achievement in Eighth Grade American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this action research project was to study the relationship between Historical Analysis and student performance on the California Standards Test (CSTs), both English Language Arts and History, as well as to study the relationship between Historical Analysis and Reading Comprehension. It was believed that Historical Analysis required…

Stuart, Kevin

2010-01-01

324

Brave New World or Blind Alley? American History on the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a preliminary assessment of the possibilities and limitations, allures, and dangers, of the World Wide Web for those interested in presenting, teaching, and learning United States history. Reviews Internet search tools, online libraries and archives, and museums and commercial sites. Discusses how to create an online archive. (DSK)

O'Malley, Michael; Rosenzweig, Roy

1997-01-01

325

New Republic to Civil War: Booklet 2. Critical Thinking in American History. [Student Manual  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this student booklet presents high school students with supplementary lessons on the new Republic, the Jacksonian era, slavery and the Civil War. The student booklet begins with a guide to critical thinking which offers an explanation…

O'Reilly, Kevin

326

Reconstruction to Progressivism: Booklet 3. Critical Thinking in American History. [Student Manual].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this teacher's guide presents high school students with supplementary lessons on the Reconstruction period, industrialism, labor and immigration, and progressivism and populism. The student booklet begins with a guide to critical…

O'Reilly, Kevin

327

Using Fiction to Teach American History in Middle School: Affects on Student Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research highlights the effects of using literature and relevant curriculum to teach history in grade levels 6 through 8, and analyzes how students respond when learning complicated themes and events through the medium of historic fiction. Specifically, my research seeks to inform secondary educators concerning the use of the narrative and…

Elias, Anjuli Rose

2010-01-01

328

From the Battlefront of the Texas History Wars: Contending with "American Exceptionalism"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was in late May of 2010 that the Texas State Board of Education (SBOE) took their final vote on the curriculum standards that will have an impact on what millions of students in Texas as well as dozens of other states will learn about history and social studies for the next 10 years. These "Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills" (TEKS) standards…

Noboa, Julio

2011-01-01

329

Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of the American Industrial Enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book shows how the seventy largest corporations in America have dealt with a single economic problem: the effective administration of an expanding business. The author summarizes the history of the expansion of the nation's largest industries during the past hundred years and then examines in depth the modern decentralized corporate structure as it was developed independently by four companies--du

Alfred D. Chandler

1962-01-01

330

WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE, POLITICAL RESPONSIVENESS, AND CHILD SURVIVAL IN AMERICAN HISTORY*  

PubMed Central

Women’s choices appear to emphasize child welfare more than those of men. This paper presents new evidence on how suffrage rights for American women helped children to benefit from the scientific breakthroughs of the bacteriological revolution. Consistent with standard models of electoral competition, suffrage laws were followed by immediate shifts in legislative behavior and large, sudden increases in local public health spending. This growth in public health spending fueled large-scale door-to-door hygiene campaigns, and child mortality declined by 8-15% (or 20,000 annual child deaths nationwide) as cause-specific reductions occurred exclusively among infectious childhood killers sensitive to hygienic conditions. PMID:21373369

Miller, Grant

2010-01-01

331

Fifth-Graders' Ideas about Native Americans Expressed before and after Studying Them within a U.S. History Course. Elementary Subjects Center Series No. 77.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior to a curriculum unit on Native Americans in a U.S. history course, three classes of fifth graders stated what they knew or believed they knew about these people and what they wanted to learn about them. After the unit, they reported what they had learned. In addition, a stratified sample of 10 students was interviewed concerning the details…

VanSledright, Bruce A.; And Others

332

Knowledge about type 2 diabetes risk and prevention of African-American and Hispanic adults and adolescents with family history of type 2 diabetes  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The purpose of this study was to assess type 2 diabetes knowledge, perceptions, risk factor awareness, and prevention practices among African-American and Hispanic families with a history of diabetes. Ninth and tenth grade Houston area students who had a parent who spoke English or Spanish and had a...

333

Women Reading for Education, Affinity & Development (WREAD): An Evaluation of a Semistructured Reading Discussion Group for African American Female Adult-Literacy Students with Histories of Trauma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women Reading for Education, Affinity & Development (WREAD), a reading discussion group geared toward African American female adult-literacy students with self-defined histories of trauma, was an outgrowth of research identifying links between trauma, women's struggles with literacy, and the need to be conscious of emotional health…

Jones, Jayatta D.

2012-01-01

334

An Energy Curriculum for the Middle Grades. Unit Two: Energy and American History With Adaptations for Science, Language Arts, Practical Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to integrate energy education into the curriculum of the middle school grades. It contains a rationale; a detailed introduction including a teacher's guide, glossary, and bibliography; a teacher's guide to a cartoon book; and separate teacher's entries and student entries for various eras of American history. The subjects…

Indiana State Dept. of Public Instruction, Indianapolis. Div. of Curriculum.

335

The Impact of Stress on the Life History Strategies of African American Adolescents: Cognitions, Genetic Moderation, and the Role of Discrimination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of 3 different sources of stress--environmental, familial (e.g., low parental investment), and interpersonal (i.e., racial discrimination)--on the life history strategies (LHS) and associated cognitions of African American adolescents were examined over an 11-year period (5 waves, from age 10.5 to 21.5). Analyses indicated that each one…

Gibbons, Frederick X.; Roberts, Megan E.; Gerrard, Meg; Li, Zhigang; Beach, Steven R. H.; Simons, Ronald L.; Weng, Chih-Yuan; Philibert, Robert A.

2012-01-01

336

"Artforum," Andy Warhol, and the Art of Living: What Art Educators Can Learn from the Recent History of American Art Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the best way to understand the recent development of American art? An older tradition of commentary focuses on the role of tradition, noting how each new form of painting is rooted in a long history. But Jack Bankoswky and some other art writers discussing Andy Warhol have adapted a different approach, arguing that his art breaks radically…

Carrier, David

2005-01-01

337

Slavery, the Civil War Era, and African American Representation in U.S. History: An Analysis of Four States' Academic Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is a mixed-methods text analysis of African American representation within K-12 U.S. History content standards treating the revolutionary era, the early U.S. republic, the Civil War era, and Reconstruction. The states included in the analysis are Michigan, New Jersey, South Carolina, and Virginia. The analysis finds that the reviewed…

Anderson, Carl B.; Metzger, Scott Alan

2011-01-01

338

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Low-Income, Predominantly African American Women with PTSD and a History of Intimate Partner Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we consider the use of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR; Kabat-Zinn, 1991) as a community-based intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among low-income, predominantly African American women with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV). The results of a pilot randomized clinical trial (RCT) of MBSR as an…

Dutton, Mary Ann; Bermudez, Diana; Matas, Armely; Majid, Haseeb; Myers, Neely L.

2013-01-01

339

What history courses are there? History and Film Studies  

E-print Network

Essentials What history courses are there? History History and Film Studies History and Philosophy History and Politics History and Sociology American Studies and History (p33) Anthropology and History (p35) English and History (p69) What A levels/IB scores do I need? (For other qualifications

Sussex, University of

340

The History of South American Tropical Precipitation for the Past 25,000 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last

Paul A. Baker; Geoffrey O. Seltzer; Sherilyn C. Fritz; Robert B. Dunbar; Matthew J. Grove; Pedro M. Tapia; Scott L. Cross; Harold D. Rowe; James P. Broda

2001-01-01

341

North American Green and European Atlantic Sturgeon: Comparisons of Life Histories and Human Impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Green and European Atlantic sturgeon are listed as a vulnerable and a critically endangered species, respectively. These anadromous\\u000a species inhabit different continents but have many similar life history traits and demographic characteristics, including\\u000a wide geographic ranges, similar migratory and foraging behavior, age and size structures of reproductive stocks and, historically,\\u000a diverse population structures. The differences are limited to tetraploid genome

Joern Gessner; Joel P. Van Eenennaam; Serge I. Doroshov

2007-01-01

342

History Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Weider History Group publishes a wide range of military history magazines, including "America's Civil War" and "Civil War Times". They've also been generous enough to create this website, which offers a wide range of articles from their different publications. First-time visitors to the homepage may want to start out by taking a shot at the "Daily Quiz", which offers up a range of questions on everything from steamship battles to military operations in the South Pacific. Next, visitors may wish to click on over to the "Features" area, which includes articles culled from the magazines on Marine POWs, the Battle of New Orleans, as well as noted gunfighter Ben Thompson and his brother Billy. Moving on, visitors can also take part in the online forums where they can ask questions about battle tactics, the history of ground warfare, and the USS Ironsides.

343

Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic). American eel  

SciTech Connect

The American eel, Anguilla rostrata, is an ecologically and economically important catadromous species that occupies freshwater streams, rivers, brackish estuaries, and the open ocean during various phases of its life cycle. Adult eels apparently spawn in the Sargasso Sea, and ocean currents transport the developing larvae northward until the young metamorphose into juveniles capable of swimming shoreward and moving upstream into coastal areas, estuaries, and rivers. Developing eels commonly remain in freshwater or brackish area for 10 to 12 years before migrating to spawn. American eels tend to be bottom-dwellers and feed on a variety of fauna that occupy the same habitats. Eels occupy areas having wide ranges of temperature, salinity, and other environmental factors, suggesting broad tolerance limits, but few studies of requirements have been reported. Salinity patterns and water currents created by river discharges into coastal areas apparently provide the gradient that cues shoreward migration of juvenile eels. Alteration of patterns of freshwater inflows to estuaries and bays could affect upstream migrations. 73 references, 3 figures, 1 table.

Van Den Avyle, M.J.

1984-07-01

344

Ella Thea Smith and the lost history of American high school biology textbooks.  

PubMed

Two influential articles published in the 1970s suggested that pressure from Christian fundamentalists, subsequent to the Scopes trial of 1925, forced American high school biology textbook authors and publishers to significantly limit discussion of the topic of evolution. The conclusions reached by these studies have become foundational for historians examining the interplay between science and religion in the United States in the twentieth century. However, a reexamination of key twentieth century biology textbooks suggests that the narrative that the treatment of the theory of evolution was held hostage to anti-rational cultural forces is largely a myth, created first as part of a public relations effort by the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) to differentiate, defend, and promote its work, and later as part of an attempt by scholars to sound a warning concerning the rise of the religious right. A focus on this narrative has not only allowed biologists to sidestep uncomfortable questions regarding the race-biased and class-biased assumptions embedded within the concept of evolutionary progress, it has also limited reliance on the texts in question as reliable reflections of the cultural assumptions of educators and scientists. A reexamination of the most popular American biology textbooks from 1907 to 1963, particularly the work of Ella Thea Smith, provides evidence in support of these contentions. PMID:19244720

Ladouceur, Ronald P

2008-01-01

345

History and progress of the North American Soil Geochemical Landscapes Project, 2001-2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey, the Geological Survey of Canada, and the Mexican Geological Survey initiated a low-density (1 site per 1600 km2, 13323 sites) geochemical and mineralogical survey of North American soils (North American Soil Geochemical Landscapes Project). Sampling and analytical protocols were developed at a series of workshops in 20032004 and pilot studies were conducted from 20042007. The ideal sampling protocol at each site includes a sample from 05 cm depth, a composite of the soil A horizon, and a sample from the soil C horizon. The 3, HClO4, and HF. Separate methods are used for As, Hg, Se, and total C on this same size fraction. The major mineralogical components are determined by a quantitative X-ray diffraction method. Sampling in the conterminous U.S. was completed in 2010 (c. 4800 sites) with chemical and mineralogical analysis currently underway. In Mexico, approximately 66% of the sampling (871 sites) had been done by the end of 2010 with completion expected in 2012. After completing sampling in the Maritime provinces and portions of other provinces (472 sites, 7.6% of the total), Canada withdrew from the project in 2010. Preliminary results for a swath from the central U.S. to Florida clearly show the effects of soil parent material and climate on the chemical and mineralogical composition of soils. A sample archive will be established and made available for future investigations.

Smith, David B.; Cannon, William F.; Woodruff, Laurel G.; Rivera, Francisco Moreira; Rencz, Andrew N.; Garrett, Robert G.

2012-01-01

346

World War II Military Situation Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maps have been integral to military conflicts and warfare since time immemorial, and many of these documents are highly prized by collectors and military historians. The American Memory Project at the Library of Congress recently created this fine digital collection of World War II situation maps from the years 1944 and 1945. Beginning with the D-Day Invasion, the maps provide information about troop positions throughout Western Europe, along with important graphical representations of various landmarks within the military landscape. Visitors can browse through the collection by title, creator, subject, place, or date. Perhaps the finest part of the site is an interactive essay that takes users through the Battle of the Bulge with a series of maps and some brief commentaries.

347

Impact of Abuse History on Adolescent African-American Women’s Current HIV/STD-associated Behaviors and Psychosocial Mediators of HIV/STD Risk  

PubMed Central

This study examined if relationship power, sex refusal self-efficacy, and/or fear of condom negotiation mediated the relationship between abuse history and consistent condom use (CCU) among African-American female adolescents (n=593). Participants with an abuse history (58%) were less likely to report CCU (p=.003). Women with an abuse history reported less relationship power (p=.006) and self-efficacy for refusing sex (p<.001), and more fear of condom negotiation (p=.003), none of which independently or jointly mediated the association between abuse and CCU. Notably, history of abuse was associated with CCU across mediator models (p=.037 to p=.067), despite inclusion of psychosocial mediators. This study demonstrates the importance of understanding adolescents’ condom use behaviors within the context of their life experiences, especially past abuse history. PMID:25505369

Brown, Jennifer L.; Young, April M.; Sales, Jessica M.; DiClemente, Ralph J.; Rose, Eve S.; Wingood, Gina M.

2014-01-01

348

Juneteenth celebrants across the country hope to gain recognition for an important day in American history  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Juneteenth Worldwide Celebrationhttp://www.juneteenth.com/Late to Freedom's Party, Texans Spread Word of Black Holidayhttp://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/18/us/late-to-freedom-s-party-texans-spread-word-of-black-holiday.html?scp=4&sq=juneteenth%20-ellison&st=cseDishing Up Juneteenthhttp://voices.washingtonpost.com/mighty-appetite/2007/06/making_room_for_juneteenth_at.htmlLetter to President Obamahttp://www.juneteenth.us/obama.htmlWashington Juneteenth 2009 Calendar of Eventshttp://www.19thofjune.com/calendar/index.htmlThe Handbook of Texas Online: Juneteenthhttp://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/JJ/lkj1.htmlToday marks the 144th anniversary of the original Juneteenth on June 19th, 1865 when Union General Gordon Granger and federal troops arrived in Galveston, Texas to enforce the abolition of slavery. The move, however, was made nearly two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation was enacted, making Texas one of the last states to free its slaves. Until recently, Juneteenth was primarily celebrated in Texas, where it has been a state holiday since 1980. However, the last decade has seen an increase in the number of communities celebrating Juneteenth. In May, Kansas became the most recent state to recognize Juneteenth as a state holiday, joining 30 others, and a movement to have the holiday recognized nationally has gained prominence. Juneteenth is traditionally celebrated as an outdoor potluck or barbeque with family, friends, and neighbors (don't forget the strawberry soda!) and larger communities will often sponsor citywide celebrations including public readings, speakers, and other events. Described in the above New York Times article from 2004 as "Martin Luther King's Birthday without the grieving," the celebrations commemorate African American freedom, and increasingly, that freedom is celebrated by Americans from all walks of life. And this year, the holiday has taken on an even more poignant aspect; if you look at local and regional newspapers across the country, you'll see that President Obama is a very sought-after attendee for each Juneteenth celebration.The first link will take visitors to some basic information about Juneteenth, its origins and celebrations, how others around the world celebrate, and how to get a Celebrate Juneteenth yard sign to bring the tradition to each neighborhood. The second article, by Julia Moskin of the New York Times, details the traditions of Juneteenth and how the popularity of the holiday is growing to include an increasingly diverse group of revelers. The third link is to A Mighty Appetite, Kim O'Donnel's Washington Post food blog, "your daily online bread." In this article, O'Donnel details a recipe for red rice that she believes merges American and African traditions to "tell the many stories of slavery." The fifth document is an open letter to President Obama from January of this year, requesting a presidential proclamation that Juneteenth be declared a national holiday. This request comes from Chairman of the National Juneteenth Observance Foundation Rev. Ronald V. Myers Sr., and granting this request, in his words, would be "instrumental in bringing all Americans together in a spirit of unity and reconciliation." The sixth link takes visitors to the calendar page of the Washington D.C. Juneteenth 2009 celebration page, where they can find out about all the events of the weekend, including a 3K run, a prayer breakfast, and a memorial service. The last link, from the Handbook of Texas Online, ties the holiday to statewide traditions and how it has been celebrated in various Texas communities.

Coffin, Andrea

2009-06-19

349

Molecular and evolutionary history of melanism in North American gray wolves.  

PubMed

Morphological diversity within closely related species is an essential aspect of evolution and adaptation. Mutations in the Melanocortin 1 receptor (Mc1r) gene contribute to pigmentary diversity in natural populations of fish, birds, and many mammals. However, melanism in the gray wolf, Canis lupus, is caused by a different melanocortin pathway component, the K locus, that encodes a beta-defensin protein that acts as an alternative ligand for Mc1r. We show that the melanistic K locus mutation in North American wolves derives from past hybridization with domestic dogs, has risen to high frequency in forested habitats, and exhibits a molecular signature of positive selection. The same mutation also causes melanism in the coyote, Canis latrans, and in Italian gray wolves, and hence our results demonstrate how traits selected in domesticated species can influence the morphological diversity of their wild relatives. PMID:19197024

Anderson, Tovi M; vonHoldt, Bridgett M; Candille, Sophie I; Musiani, Marco; Greco, Claudia; Stahler, Daniel R; Smith, Douglas W; Padhukasahasram, Badri; Randi, Ettore; Leonard, Jennifer A; Bustamante, Carlos D; Ostrander, Elaine A; Tang, Hua; Wayne, Robert K; Barsh, Gregory S

2009-03-01

350

Nevada Test Site Oral History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, the Nevada Test Site Oral History Project is "a comprehensive program dedicated to documenting, preserving and disseminating the remembered past of persons affiliated with and affected by the Nevada Test Site during the era of Cold War nuclear testing." From 2003 to 2008, oral history narrators participated in this project, and they included national laboratory scientists, military personnel, Native American leaders, and peace activists. On the homepage, visitors should look through the three thematic sections, including "Contested Landscapes" and "Community of Voices". Through these oral histories and testimonies, visitors can learn about the complex set of processes and experiences surrounding the test site. Along the left hand of the site, visitors can search the collection, make a list of their favorite interviews, and also get assistance with using the site.

351

Ethnic Groups in History Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six popular high school American history textbooks are examined to address accusations of overcompensation by textbook publishers as a result of the raised ethnic consciousness of the 1970s. The textbooks are: "Our American Heritage" (Silver Burdett); "The Pageant of American History" (Allyn and Bacon); "A History of Our American Republic"…

Glazer, Nathan; Ueda, Reed

352

Department of History Teaching Major in History  

E-print Network

Department of History Teaching Major in History Students interested in earning a teaching major in history must complete the requirements for a BA in history, to include the following courses: 4 credits HSTR 101 or 102 European Civilization ________ 4 credits HSTA 101 or 102 American History ________ 1

Vonessen, Nikolaus

353

Asian American and Pacific Islander Military Veterans in the United States: Health Service Use and Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We (1) compared use of various health services nationally between Asian American and Pacific Islander (AA/PI) veterans and veterans of other racial/ethnic groups and (2) specifically compared perceived barriers and stigma related to mental health services. Methods. Using bivariate and multivariable statistics, we analyzed a population-weighted sample of 8315 veterans from the 2010 National Survey of Veterans and a random sample of 567 recent veterans from Hawaii. Results. A total of 1.5% of veterans were AA/PI compared with 0.4% a decade ago. Compared with other veterans, AA/PI veterans reported higher socioeconomic status and better mental health, although these findings may be specific to AA veterans. Adjusting for sociodemographic and health differences, we found no differences in health service use or perceived barriers or stigma related to mental health services. Conclusions. AA/PIs are a small but fast-growing racial/ethnic group within the veteran population that deserves attention. Although veteran status may be protective against some barriers to mental health care found in the general AA/PI population, efforts to reduce barriers to health care among veterans should be continued. PMID:25100419

Whealin, Julia M.; Pietrzak, Robert H.

2014-01-01

354

Flying and dying in WWI: British aircrew losses and the origins of U.S. military aviation medicine.  

PubMed

In 1918, 1920, and 1935, William H. Wilmer wrote that of every 100 British military pilot deaths during the first year of World War I, 90 resulted from individual deficiencies (60 of these from physical defects), 8 from aircraft defects, and 2 from enemy action. "As a result of these appalling findings, the British established a special service for the 'Care of the Flier,'" thus reducing deaths from physical defects to "20% during the second year and 12% during the third." Wilmer never specified the source of his statistics. American aeromedical texts have long cited his '90-8-2' numbers as the basis for establishing the U.S. military flight surgeon system in 1918, but these statistics never appeared in British aeromedical literature. Given the frail aircraft and sketchy mishap investigations of that era, it seems unlikely that pilot deficiencies (today, "human factors") were proven to have caused 90% of British aviation-related deaths in 1914-15, or that their military aviation medicine program reduced human factor losses to just 12% of total pilot fatalities by 1917. Recent analyses from academic British sources demonstrate that of 153 British military fliers who died while flying between August 1914 and December 1915, 89 (58%) were killed in action or died of their wounds soon after being shot down, and 64 (42%) perished from injuries suffered in training or operational mishaps. This article reviews the history of early British and American military aeromedical services, and proposes replacement of the 90-8-2 statistic with a ratio of 58:42. PMID:18309913

Jones, David R

2008-02-01

355

American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1940  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How do you tell the life of a country through its people? It is a difficult task, to be sure, and in the 1930s and 1940s the Federal Writers' Project sent hundreds of interviewers out across the country to talk to people about their lives and experiences. These interviews touch on the Great Depression, slavery, political views, the role of the federal government, local folklore, and a myriad of other topics. First-time visitors to this Library of Congress website should read over the "Voices from the Thirties: An Introduction to the WPA Life Histories Collection" section. Visitors can search the interviews by keyword or state, and visitors may wish to start by reading the interview of Louis Larsen, a farmer, social activist and singer in Nebraska, who the interviewer noted "feels the masses are victims of a planned exploitation by a vicious class of legal bandits."

356

The history and politics of US health care policy for American Indians and Alaskan Natives.  

PubMed Central

This paper traces the development of the US federal government's program to provide personal and public health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives since the 1940s. Minimal services had been provided since the mid 19th century through the Bureau of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior. As a result of attempts by western congressmen to weaken and destroy the bureau during the 1940s, responsibility for health services was placed with the US Public Health Service. The transfer thus created the only US national health program for civilians, providing virtually the full range of personal and public health services to a defined population at relatively low cost. Policy changes since the 1970s have led to an emphasis on self-determination that did not exist during the 1950s and 1960s. Programs administered by tribal governments tend to be more expensive than those provided by the Indian Health Service, but appropriations have not risen to meet the rising costs, nor are the appropriated funds distributed equitably among Indian Health Service regions. The result is likely to be an unequal deterioration in accessibility and quality of care. Images p1465-a p1469-a p1470-a p1471-a PMID:8876522

Kunitz, S J

1996-01-01

357

The Pan American Health Organization and international health: a history of training, conceptualization, and collective development.  

PubMed

A constantly changing and increasingly complex global environment requires leaders with special competencies to respond effectively to this scenario. Within this context, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) goes beyond traditional leadership training models both in terms of its design as well as its conceptual approach to international health. As an intergovernmental, centenary organization in health, PAHO allows participants a unique vantage point from which to conceptualize, share experiences and develop projects relevant to international health. Derived from over two decades of experience (1985-2006) training professionals through its predessor Training Program in International Health, the Leaders in International Health Program "Edmundo Granda Ugalde" (LIHP) utilizes an innovative design, virtual and practical learning activities, and a problem-based approach to analyze the main concepts, theories, actors, forces, and processes relevant to international health. In collaboration with PAHO/WHO Representative Offices and national institutions, participants develop country projects based on priority health issues, many of which are integrated into the Organization's technical cooperation and/or implemented by relevant ministries and other entities in their respective countries/subregions. A total of 185 participants representing 31 countries have participated in the LIHP since its inception in 2008, building upon the 187 trained through its predecessor. These initiatives have contributed to the development of health professionals in the Region of the Americas devoted to international health, as well as provided important input towards a conceptual understanding of international health by fostering debate on this issue. PMID:22159721

Auer, Annella; Guerrero Espinel, Juan Eduardo

2011-08-01

358

Mental Health: Military  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Mental Health > People > Military Let's Talk Facts Brochures Healthy Minds, Healthy Lives Blog Key Topics Finding help Caregivers Suicide ... Parity Healthy Minds TV What is a psychiatrist Mental Health Check-up Coping with Disasters Links for more ...

359

Military Expenditure % of GDP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bar chart ranking countries by military expenditures as a percentage of GDP. Shows the militarization of the Middle East and Africa. The chart, perhaps obviously, is dominated by small countries with small GDPs.

360

Veterans and Military Health  

MedlinePLUS

Military service members and veterans face some different health issues than civilians. During combat, the main health concerns are life-threatening injuries. These include Shrapnel and gunshot wounds Lost ...

361

Evolutionary history of a prominent North American warbler clade: the Oporornis-Geothlypis complex.  

PubMed

The avian genera Oporornis and Geothlypis are thought to represent a single lineage of closely related New World wood-warbler (AOU Family Parulidae) species. Phylogenetic relationships within this assemblage have not yet been addressed using molecular genetic methods. We used sequence data from three mitochondrial (mtDNA) genes (cytochrome b, ND2, and control region) to reconstruct an hypothesis of relationships for this group. Our ingroup sampling included 34 individuals representing all currently recognized Oporornis (4 spp.) and Geothlypis (9 spp.) species. Our results indicate that Geothlypis is paraphyletic with respect to Oporornis formosus. The four members of Oporornis do not form a clade but instead comprise a grade at the base of the Oporornis-Geothlypis topology. Two species within Geothlypis are polyphyletic. The Costa Rican form of G. aequinoctialis is embedded within the Neotropical G. semiflava complex, and the widespread North American form G. trichas consists of at least two groups, each having a closer affinity to other Geothlypis species than with each other. Five Geothlypis species differ from one another on average by about 2% uncorrected (cytochrome b) divergence, indicating a rapid and recent radiation within this genus. Our phylogenetic hypothesis for this assemblage indicates that morphological characters such as size and plumage brightness that have traditionally defined relationships with Geothlypis are not concordant with molecular data. Most members of Geothlypis are sedentary whereas all members of Oporornis are long-distance Nearctic migrants. Our topology suggests that Geothlypis is derived from a migrant, Oporornis-like ancestor that ceased migration and established itself as a sedentary breeding population in the Neotropics. We speculate that an ecological switch from forested to more open habitats at this time led to range expansion and diversification in this new lineage. PMID:19616636

Escalante, Patricia; Márquez-Valdelamar, Laura; de la Torre, Patricia; Laclette, Juan P; Klicka, John

2009-12-01

362

The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25,000 years.  

PubMed

Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last glacial maximum (LGM), the Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru and much of the Amazon basin were wetter than today. The LGM in this part of the Andes is dated at 21,000 cal yr B.P., approximately coincident with the global LGM. Maximum aridity and lowest lake level occurred in the early and middle Holocene (8000 to 5500 cal yr B.P.) during a time of low summer insolation. Today, rising levels of Lake Titicaca and wet conditions in Amazonia are correlated with anomalously cold sea-surface temperatures in the northern equatorial Atlantic. Likewise, during the deglacial and Holocene periods, there were several millennial-scale wet phases on the Altiplano and in Amazonia that coincided with anomalously cold periods in the equatorial and high-latitude North Atlantic, such as the Younger Dryas. PMID:11158674

Baker, P A; Seltzer, G O; Fritz, S C; Dunbar, R B; Grove, M J; Tapia, P M; Cross, S L; Rowe, H D; Broda, J P

2001-01-26

363

The History of South American Tropical Precipitation for the Past 25,000 Years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last glacial maximum (LGM), the Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru and much of the Amazon basin were wetter than today. The LGM in this part of the Andes is dated at 21,000 cal yr B.P., approximately coincident with the global LGM. Maximum aridity and lowest lake level occurred in the early and middle Holocene (8000 to 5500 cal yr B.P.) during a time of low summer insolation. Today, rising levels of Lake Titicaca and wet conditions in Amazonia are correlated with anomalously cold sea-surface temperatures in the northern equatorial Atlantic. Likewise, during the deglacial and Holocene periods, there were several millennial-scale wet phases on the Altiplano and in Amazonia that coincided with anomalously cold periods in the equatorial and high-latitude North Atlantic, such as the Younger Dryas.

Baker, Paul A.; Seltzer, Geoffrey O.; Fritz, Sherilyn C.; Dunbar, Robert B.; Grove, Matthew J.; Tapia, Pedro M.; Cross, Scott L.; Rowe, Harold D.; Broda, James P.

2001-01-01

364

Military Careers: A Guide to Military Occupations and Selected Military Career Paths, 1992-1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was developed to help educators and youth learn about career opportunities in the military. It is a compendium of military occupational, training, and career information and is designed for use by students interested in the military. The first section, military occupations, contains descriptions of 197 enlisted and officer occupations.…

Department of Defense, Washington, DC.

365

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Low-Income, Predominantly African American Women With PTSD and a History of Intimate Partner Violence  

PubMed Central

In this article, we consider the use of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) (Kabat-Zinn, 1991) as a community-based intervention to reduce health disparities for low-income, predominantly African American women with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article presents our rationale for using MBSR as an intervention with this population, the details of its implementation, and a discussion of the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention based on participants’ feedback and our observations. We conclude that the use of MBSR programs for low-income, predominantly African American women with PTSD and a history of IPV is both feasible (of initial interest to and completed by most participants) and acceptable (congruent with and relevant to their needs). Replication with larger samples and examination of mechanisms is warranted by these findings. PMID:24043922

Dutton, Mary Ann; Bermudez, Diana; Matas, Armely; Majid, Haseeb; Myers, Neely L.

2013-01-01

366

Radiation exposure of U.S. military individuals.  

PubMed

The U.S. military consists of five armed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. It directly employs 1.4 million active duty military, 1.3 million National Guard and reserve military, and 700,000 civilian individuals. This paper describes the military guidance used to preserve and maintain the health of military personnel while they accomplish necessary and purposeful work in areas where they are exposed to radiation. It also discusses military exposure cohorts and associated radiogenic disease compensation programs administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Department of Labor. With a few exceptions, the U.S. military has effectively employed ionizing radiation since it was first introduced during the Spanish-American War in 1898. The U.S military annually monitors 70,000 individuals for occupational radiation exposure: ~2% of its workforce. In recent years, the Departments of the Navy (including the Marine Corps), the Army, and the Air Force all have a low collective dose that remains close to 1 person-Sv annually. Only a few Coast Guard individuals are now routinely monitored for radiation exposure. As with the nuclear industry as a whole, the Naval Reactors program has a higher collective dose than the remainder of the U.S. military. The U.S. military maintains occupational radiation exposure records on over two million individuals from 1945 through the present. These records are controlled in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974 but are available to affected individuals or their designees and other groups performing sanctioned epidemiology studies.Introduction of Radiation Exposure of U.S. Military Individuals (Video 2:19, http://links.lww.com/HP/A30). PMID:24378502

Blake, Paul K; Komp, Gregory R

2014-02-01

367

Founding, early history, and transformation of the Journal for Lipid Research to an American Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology journal1  

PubMed Central

The Journal of Lipid Research was founded in October, 1959 and has had a long and distinguished history. It evolved from an initial concept of a loose-leaf methodology handbook to a major journal for the lipid field. Its growth has in many ways paralleled the growth and expansion of lipid research. Today, it is operated as a journal of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the forefront of biomedical research on lipids. PMID:19116414

Dennis, Edward A.

2009-01-01

368

The Impact of Perceived Child Physical and Sexual Abuse History on Native American Women's Psychological Well-Being and AIDS Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of perceived child abuse history on 160 adult, Native American women's emotional well-being (i.e., depressive mood and anger) and AIDS risk was examined. How sense of mastery and social support might lead to women's greater resiliency was also investigated. Child physical–emotional abuse was found to have greater impact on depressive mood and anger and AIDS risk than did

Stevan E. Hobfoll; Anita Bansal; Rebecca Schurg; Sarah Young; Charles A. Pierce; Ivonne Hobfoll; Robert Johnson

2002-01-01

369

Physician Assistant History Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Like so many others, perhaps some of our Scout Report readers have wondered: "Where can I find out more about the history of physician assistants?" Those persons need wonder no longer, as this very thorough website provides a cornucopia of material that addresses all aspects of that very query. The site was created by a group of responsible organizations, including Duke University Medical Center and the American Academy of Physicians Assistants. The site's "Timeline" section is a good place to start as it offers a chronology of the different phases of the history of this profession, which dates back to 1650 when German military medical assistants were introduced into Russian armies by no less a personage than Peter the Great. Other sections include biographical essays of pioneering physician assistants such as Richard Smith and Marvin L. Gliedman. The site is rounded out by a collection of photographs of important artifacts (such as a stethoscope used by Dr. Eugene Stead, Jr., who founded the profession) and a bibliography.

370

Aerospace and military  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews military and aerospace developments of 1989. The Voyager spacecraft returned astounding imagery from Neptune, sophisticated sensors were launched to explore Venus and Jupiter, and another craft went into earth orbit to explore cosmic rays, while a huge telescope is to be launched early in 1990. The U.S. space shuttle redesign was completed and access to space has become no longer purely a governmental enterprise. In the military realm, events within the Soviet bloc, such as the Berlin Wall's destruction, have popularized arms control. Several big treaties could be signed within the year. Massive troop, equipment, and budget reductions are being considered, along with a halt or delay of major new weapons systems. For new missions, the U.S. military is retreating to its role of a century ago - patrolling the nation's borders, this time against narcotics traffickers.

Adam, J.A.; Esch, K

1990-01-01

371

History of Geology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses: (1) geologists and the history of geology; (2) American historians and the history of geology; (3) history of geology in the 1980s; (4) sources for the history of geology (bibliographies, dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks, periodicals, public/official histories, compilations, and books); (5) research opportunities; and (6) other…

Greene, Mott T.

1985-01-01

372

Department of History Teaching Minor in History  

E-print Network

Department of History Teaching Minor in History Students interested in earning a teaching minor in history must complete the following requirements: 4 credits HSTR 101 or 102 European Civilization ________ 8 credits HSTA 101 and 102 American History ________ 1 credit HSTR 200 Introduction to Historical

Vonessen, Nikolaus

373

Digital History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Utilizing digital and online technologies to teach different disciplines continues to be quite popular, and the Digital History website will be a most welcome find for teachers (and students) of American history. Developed in collaboration with the University of Houston, the Chicago Historical Society, the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston and several other entities the site includes an online American history textbook, an interactive timeline, a multimedia section, and a very rich selection of primary source materials. The multimedia section is a real find, as it contains several well-thought out lectures with titles like "The History of Domestic Violence", "The Cultural Civil War of the 1960s", and "America Today and America Past". Students will also appreciate the writing guide area, as it contains several short essays on how to write in a history class and how to compose a critical book review.

374

Military Veterans (Affordable Care Act)  

MedlinePLUS

... Contact Us Site Search Search Military veterans Health care coverage options for military veterans If you're ... adult coverage rules are different from the Affordable Care Act’s version. TRICARE's young adult coverage option is ...

375

The role and rights of victims at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents:\\u000aThe American perspective on Nuremberg: a case of cascading ironies \\/ Raymond M Brown-- The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg: British perspectives \\/ David Cesarani-- The French perspective \\/ Herve? Ascensio-- The role of the Soviet Union in the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg \\/ Michael J Bazyler-- Das internationale milita?rtribunal von Nu?rnberg aus deutscher perspektive \\/ Albin Eser--

Sam Boris Garkawe

2006-01-01

376

Uplifting Manhood to Wonderful Heights? News Coverage of the Human Costs of Military Conflict from  

E-print Network

World War I to Gulf War Two Scott L. Althaus,a Nathaniel Swigger,b Svitlana Chernykh,c David J. Hendry of American military power around the world. Although the dynamics of war support are thought to reflect. "Uplifting Manhood to Wonderful Heights? News Coverage of the Human Costs of Military Conflict From World War

Bashir, Rashid

377

Revisiting Erie, Guaranty Trust, and Gasperini: The Role of Jewish Social History in Fashioning Modern American Federalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the connection between traditional Jewish localism and the creation of modern American federalism that flows from the Erie doctrine. First, the riddle of Gasperiniis explored. Next, the federalist philosophies of Justices Brandeis and Frankfurter in Erie and Guaranty Trust are discussed. Finally, the article analyzes how Justices Brandeis, Frankfurter, and Ginsburg, as twentieth century American Jews, embody

Daniel R. Gordon

2002-01-01

378

American Women: A Gateway to Library of Congress Resources for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2001 the Library of Congress created the print publication, "American Women: A Library of Congress Guide for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States." The guide was recently redesigned for online use with the addition of illustrations and links to existing digitized material in order to provide a small sample of the Library's vast holdings in this area. As such, the site is not a collection of digital items, but rather an introduction (and a very thorough one) to those researchers working in the area of American women's history. Along with the guide, the home page provides information that will help researchers planning to do on-site research at the Library of Congress, tips on searching for women's history resources in the catalogs, and information about Web broadcasts from events sponsored by the Library that are available through different Web sites. Some of the more recent broadcasts that are available include Amy Shapiro's discussion of her biography of the New Jersey Congresswoman, Millicent Fenwick, and a talk with Ann Hoog (a folk life specialist at the Library of Congress) about the "man-on-the-street" interviews conducted after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

379

American  

E-print Network

Obesity is linked to chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. 19 Women who are obese prior to pregnancy are at increased risk of developing gestational diabetes, pregnancy-related hypertension, preeclampsia, and labor complications; and their infants are at increased risk for neonatal death. 19,20,21 More than one-third (36.3 percent) of Oregon births in 2004 were to women who were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy. • Almost half (47.1 percent) of American Indian/Alaska Native women were overweight/obese prior to pregnancy. This percentage was significantly higher than that of white (36.0 percent) or Asian/ Pacific Islander (20.1 percent) women. • Asian/Pacific Islander women were significantly less likely than any other race/ethnic group to be overweight/obese before pregnancy (20.1 percent). Pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index (BMI), the ratio of a person’s height to weight before the woman became pregnant, is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. PRAMS calculates BMI from self-reported height and weight just before pregnancy. The BMI cut-off values specified by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 1990 for women prior to pregnancy are as follows 22:

Pre-pregnancy Obesity

380

Military display performance parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

2012-06-01

381

Global Military Conflict Simulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Global Military Conflict Simulator is an application that allows the unfolding of a large virtual war in real time, involving\\u000a hundreds of thousands of soldiers, with a virtual Earth serving as battlefield. The simulation attempts to achieve unprecedented\\u000a scale and scope by providing a global map, satellite imagery and elevation coverage through cloud computing, web mapping technologies,\\u000a providing a

Claudiu Tanase; Andreea Urzica

2009-01-01

382

21H.104J / 11.015J Riots, Strikes, and Conspiracies in American History, Fall 2004  

E-print Network

This course uses readings and discussions to focus on a series of short-term events that shed light on American politics, culture, and social organization. It emphasizes finding ways to make sense of these complicated, ...

Maier, Pauline

383

Let History Reign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spanish River High School is one of 40 U.S. History Schools and 21 affiliates around the country that get resources and academic support from the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. The schools require participating students to take a U.S. history course each year, in addition to any requisites in world history and other subjects. The…

Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

2008-01-01

384

A Sexual Risk and Stress Reduction Intervention Designed for HIV-Positive Bisexual African American Men With Childhood Sexual Abuse Histories  

PubMed Central

Objectives. HIV transmission risk is high among men who have sex with men and women (MSMW), and it is further heightened by a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and current traumatic stress or depression. Yet, traumatic stress is rarely addressed in HIV interventions. We tested a stress-focused sexual risk reduction intervention for African American MSMW with CSA histories. Methods. This randomized controlled trial compared a stress-focused sexual risk reduction intervention with a general health promotion intervention. Sexual risk behaviors, psychological symptoms, stress biomarkers (urinary cortisol and catecholamines), and neopterin (an indicator of HIV progression) were assessed at baseline and at 3- and 6-month follow-ups. Results. Both interventions decreased and sustained reductions in sexual risk and psychological symptoms. The stress-focused intervention was more efficacious than the general health promotion intervention in decreasing unprotected anal insertive sex and reducing depression symptoms. Despite randomization, baseline group differences in CSA severity, psychological symptoms, and biomarkers were found and linked to subsequent intervention outcomes. Conclusions. Although interventions designed specifically for HIV-positive African American MSMW can lead to improvements in health outcomes, future research is needed to examine factors that influence intervention effects. PMID:23763412

Glover, Dorie A.; Wyatt, Gail E.; Kisler, Kimberly; Liu, Honghu; Zhang, Muyu

2013-01-01

385

Burns and military clothing.  

PubMed

Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under high heat loads in the laboratory, combat clothing can ignite, but there is little evidence that clothing ignition is a common occurrence in military burn casualties. Thermoplastic materials have many benefits in civil and military clothing. There is little objective evidence that they exacerbate burns, or complicate burn management. Their use in military clothing must be based on objective evidence, not hearsay. PMID:11307683

McLean, A D

2001-02-01

386

The burdens of race and history on Black Americans' attitudes toward needle exchange policy to prevent HIV disease.  

PubMed

We must enter the second decade of AIDS with the knowledge that existing public health efforts have failed to stop the disproportionate spread of HIV disease among Americans of African descent. This article presents the cold epidemiological facts which lay bare the moral tragedy that Black Americans are being killed by a disease which is almost totally preventable. This paper discusses the primary behavioral risk factors for HIV infection and the context in which HIV disease emerged in the 1980s. Additionally, we present results from cross-sectional surveys of selected black populations to demonstrate how AIDS knowledge deficits and attitudinal barriers have shaped the perceptions of Black Americans toward needle exchange programs as an HIV prevention strategy advocated by public health authorities. A model that may be utilized to educate the Black community and facilitate their involvement in the development of needle exchange policy is described. PMID:8254007

Thomas, S B; Quinn, S C

1993-01-01

387

Coming home revisited: family life and military deployment.  

PubMed

The war in Iraq and Afghanistan has involved the deployment of hundreds of thousands of American soldiers, many of whom are married and have children. The experience of one military family living through a deployment in Iraq in 2011 is discussed and interpreted in light of Parse's humanbecoming family model. The model provides a useful way for nurses, and others, to understand families, in a way that honors their values and struggles in an everchanging and unpredictable world. Included is a brief discussion on how communication technologies are changing the experience of military deployment for families. PMID:22753576

Baumann, Steven L; Smith, Donald G

2012-07-01

388

The Cycle of (Legal) Violence? Child Abuse and Military Aspirations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most prior research on military enlistment has focused on characteristics that can be used to identify potential recruits, but has rarely looked at the psychological histories of those recruits. Data on Wisconsin seniors in 1957 from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study was used to build a large profile of socio-economic controls for testing the “cycle of violence” hypothesis – that physical

Christopher Khawand

2009-01-01

389

Precedents in African American architecture  

E-print Network

As a sub-sets of American culture, African Americans have not been able to offer culturally specific architectural elements to the design process because the history of African American form and space has not been recognized ...

Sass, Lawrence

1994-01-01

390

History Writing That’s “Good to Think With”: The Great Fire, Blizzard! and An American Plague  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I argue that history books that are “good to think with” narrate history and, at the same time, provide insight\\u000a into how it is constructed. These books are much more than collections of facts. Specifically, they provide information about\\u000a historical context, multiple perspectives, sources of information, and original interpretation. This is crucial information\\u000a for anyone attempting to

Myra Zarnowski

2009-01-01

391

The role of land-use history in major invasions by woody plant species in the northeastern North American landscape  

Microsoft Academic Search

Land-use history as a predictor of invasive alien plant distributions has received little study, especially across large spatial\\u000a and temporal scales. Here we evaluate the importance of land-use history and other environmental characteristics as predictors\\u000a of the distributions of a suite important invasive woody plant species in the northeastern United States. Using historical\\u000a aerial photographs, we delineated 69 years (1934–2003) of

Eric S. Mosher; John A. Silander Jr; Andrew M. Latimer

2009-01-01

392

Development of rapidly deployable structures for military applications : a system based approach to command post facilities  

E-print Network

Today's battlespace is the most dynamic in recorded history. Accompanying other military improvements, Command and Control (C2) technology has also been modernized. In spite of advances in technology, it currently takes ...

Hopping, Jakob A

2006-01-01

393

Soviet Military Awards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After the fall of the Soviet Union in the winter of 1991, thousands of items of Cold War paraphernalia found ready markets across the world, including the United States. High school and college students were now able to purchase the heavy wool jackets of Soviet and East German troops, and military buffs were able to acquire a number of patches, medals, and other items. The medals were often highly prized, and whether people understood the iconography and symbolism or not, they sought them out just the same. Fortunately for those interested in the wide world of Soviet military awards, there is this fine site which offers photographs and information about the various medals and their respective honors. With over 50 medals on the site, visitors can learn about the Order of October Revolution, the Pilot-Cosmonaut of USSR, and the rather curious Medal for Development of Virgin Lands, which commemorates the "young soviets" who relocated to Siberia, the Volga region, and northern Caucasus. For those whose interest is piqued by this material, there is also a newsletter that visitors can look through online.

394

Military sexual trauma.  

PubMed

Nurses' awareness of MST as a specific type of sexual assault within the military culture and sensitivity to the physical and psychological symptoms are important aspects of care. Nurses must treat the physical and emotional components of sexual assault in all settings; however, referral to the veterans administration programs and resources is key for the woman veteran to receive the specialized care developed by the healthcare system. Women veterans who have PTSD from MST and combat exposure are prone to depression, suicide and substance use/abuse. Nurses must not fear asking the woman if she is having suicidal thoughts or has a plan and intent to follow through with the plan. MST and PTSD may result in internalized anger, shame, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness and powerlessness. Patient safety is of utmost importance. Assessing Patients for Sexual Violence, A Guide for Health Care Providers (2009) is a useful resource for nurses. The National Center for PTSD (2009) newsletter on the topic of MST includes a list of research studies. The work of Benedict (2007) and Corbett (2007) provide additional personal accounts of women soldiers who were in the Middle East conflicts. The nurse's referral to specialized services to treat MST and PTSD with evidence-based therapies is a crucial first step in the resiliency and well-being of these brave women who have served in all branches of the U.S. military. PMID:22359967

Wieland, Diane M; Haley, Jenna L; Bouder, Michelle

2011-12-01

395

African American History and Culture: A Grassroots Interpretation of Culturally-Relevant Teaching for Academic Achievement and College Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Achievement, Confidence and Excellence (ACE) Academy in Memphis is a partnership involving the University of Memphis, its Benjamin Hooks Institute for Social Change, and three area school districts. ACE operates as a Saturday Institute, serving three hundred seventh to twelfth grade African American students. Grounded in culturally relevant…

Cross, Beverly E.

2008-01-01

396

2008 Paleontology Summer Internships The Division of Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History is offering a  

E-print Network

2008 Paleontology Summer Internships The Division of Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural in paleontology, life sciences, museum studies, or related fields (June 30 start). The interns will participate be found on the Division of Paleontology website via the following link: http

397

Images of American Indians in Environmental Education: Anthropological Reflections on the Politics and History of Cultural Representation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For hundreds of years, North America's colonizers worked systematically to eradicate the indigenous cultural practices, religious beliefs, and autonomous political systems many venerate. This article illustrates that imperialist nostalgia underlies and directs portrayals of American Indians in environmental education today. Whether unconsciously…

Willow, Anna J.

2010-01-01

398

Naval History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The world of naval history is quite vast, especially considering that it is linked to the earliest days of warfare and stretches back thousands of years. Designed by Gordon Smith, this particular site details the history of various national navies during the twentieth century, with a particular focus on the World Wars and other military actions. Not surprisingly, visitors to the site will want to take a look at the areas dedicated to the World Wars, as the coverage of the role of various navies is quite good here. In these sections, visitors can learn about the various ships used during each period and also look at the campaigns and battles by year and by month. There is also a rather touching section dedicated to Gordon Smith's father, George Smith, who was lost in the sinking of the HMS Charybdis off the Brittany coast on October 23rd, 1943.

399

Pennsylvania History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you know someone who is fascinated with the history of Pennsylvania, they will want to explore this site in great detail. Created by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, the site brings together primary documents, photographs, and a timeline of Keystone State history. The sections here include People, Places, Events, and Things. Users with a penchant for material culture will love the Things area, as it features topical sections covering Canals, Archaeology, Railroads, and Roads. The Places area provides meditations and narrative essays on the Governor's Residence and the long-gone French Asylum on the Susquehanna River, which was actually more of a utopian outpost of sorts. Also, the People area profiles well- and lesser-known individuals who left their mark on the state, including William Penn, Ida Tarbell, and noted military man, Henry Bouquet.

400

African-American Biography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests sources of information for African American History Month for library media specialists who work with students in grades four through eight. Gale Research's "African-American Reference Library," which includes "African-America Biography,""African-American Chronology," and "African-American Almanac," is reviewed, and a reference activity…

Martin, Ron

1995-01-01

401

Economic Conditions of Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors found that the economic circumstances of military families are good, certainly much improved compared with even a decade ago. The military context is nonetheless challenging, with long hours, dangerous work, frequent transfers, and stressful absences during deployment. Service members receive relatively high pay and…

Hosek, James; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

2013-01-01

402

INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS TO MILITARY PERSONNEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industrial chemical health threat to the US military is growing. The increasing threat is due both to the more frequent use of industrial chemicals and infrastructure as weapons of war and opportunity, and to recent military operations in urban and industrial environments where accidents or terrorism may cause large-scale chemical releases. Using traditional single-scenario modeling techniques, it is difficult

D. P. Bacon; R. M. Garrett; P. L. Liotta; D. E. Mays; T. E. Miller

2005-01-01

403

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2012-07-01

404

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2013-07-01

405

32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.  

... 2014-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215...Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military officers, except...legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be...

2014-07-01

406

78 FR 43796 - Indebtedness of Military Personnel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFR Part 513 Indebtedness of Military Personnel AGENCY: Department of the...concerning indebtedness of military personnel. The regulations are being...Part 112, ``Indebtedness of Military Personnel,'' and DoD Financial...

2013-07-22

407

Alone in the profession of arms: America's first three African American West Point graduates  

E-print Network

effectively as military commanders. In the late nineteenth century three exceptional African American men successfully challenged this notion. Henry Flipper, John Alexander and Charles Young became the first three black graduates of the U.S. Military Academy...

James, Jeremy Wayne

2009-05-15

408

HIV in military.  

PubMed

The House of Representatives approved a defense authorization bill that requires the Pentagon to discharge service members who test positive for HIV antibodies. This is the second measure of its kind. Last year, Rep. Robert K. Dornan (R-CA) pushed through Congress a similar measure that was repealed after encountering public opposition. President Clinton said he will veto the defense bill in its current form. The bill provides $13 billion in spending beyond the amount the Pentagon requested, resurrects plans for the Star Wars missile defense system, and rescinds Clinton's don't ask, don't tell policy toward gay men and lesbians in the military. Rep. Peter Torkildsen (R-MA) is confident that the HIV provision can be stricken when the bill goes to a House-Senate conference committee in a few weeks. PMID:11363494

1996-05-31

409

master of architecture 2-year HISTORY/THEORY ELECTIVES  

E-print Network

563 Colonial/Post-Colonial History 568 Russian History 573 History of Arch 588 History of Buildingmaster of architecture 2-year HISTORY/THEORY ELECTIVES 503 Special Topics History* 518 Renaissance History 528 Baroque History 533 19th Century History 543 20th Century History 553 American Architecture

Papalambros, Panos

410

Recasting History: The Public Option  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If you ask Americans what is studied in history classrooms, many will answer "facts and dates." If you ask them what people can do with a history degree, they answer "teach." Yet those same Americans acknowledge the power and practical relevance of history as they flock to national parks, historic sites, museums, and cultural…

Salerno, Beth

2014-01-01

411

Black Higher Education in Kentucky, 1879-1930. The History of Simmons University. Studies in American Religion, Volume 24.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cultural history of Simmons University from 1879 to 1930 is presented, based primarily on original records, including slave narratives, school annuals, denominational minutes, and newspapers. The account is also a cultural study of black Baptists, especially in their Kentucky denominational institution. This black-owned and controlled school of…

Williams, Lawrence H.

412

Thinking Historically, Teaching Historically: Perspectives on the Professional Development of Teachers from a Teaching American History Grant  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In teacher's idealized history classroom, students are abuzz with questions. They are eager to jump into a serious analysis of primary sources. They relish additional opportunities to engage historiographical debates. They are, as teachers like to say, "thinking historically." While there are few easy ways to create these idealized classrooms, the…

Sheets, Kevin B.

2010-01-01

413

BA (Hons) in History BA (Hons) in History and Film Studies  

E-print Network

Essentials Courses BA (Hons) in History BA (Hons) in History and Film Studies BA (Hons) in History and Philosophy BA (Hons) in History and Politics BA (Hons) in History and Sociology BA (Hons) in American Studies and History (p35) BA (Hons) in Anthropology and History (p37) BA (Hons) in English and History (p76) A levels

Sussex, University of

414

Exposure to risk and its impact on human capital : essays on combat exposure, military labor, and conflict duration  

E-print Network

This dissertation examines the impact of contemporaneous American participation in war on military labor and conflict duration. Chapter one uses variation in occupation-specific retention bonuses and mortality risks observed ...

Yankovich, Michael F

2013-01-01

415

Kathleen Franz Associate Professor and Director of Public History  

E-print Network

Kathleen Franz Associate Professor and Director of Public History Department of History, American 1999 in American Civilization Fields of specialization: American cultural history, 1876-1939, popular culture, the history of technology, material and visual culture, and public history. The University

Lansky, Joshua

416

History of Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of American physics, indicating that much effort has been on the atomic bond and high-energy physics, to the detriment of other topics and areas. To offset this tendency, significant research is going on in the history of solid-state physics, with glimmerings in the history of physics education. (JN)

Moyer, Albert E.

1985-01-01

417

A History Worth Preserving  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Manhattan Project transformed the course of American and world history, science, politics and society. If we can read about this in books and watch History Channel documentaries, why do we need to preserve some of the properties of this enormous undertaking? The presentation, ``A History Worth Preserving,'' will address why some of the physical properties need to be preserved

Cynthia Kelly

2008-01-01

418

Search and detection modeling of military imaging systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For more than 50 years, the U.S. Army RDECOM CERDEC Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) has been studying the science behind the human processes of searching and detecting, and using that knowledge to develop and refine its models for military imaging systems. Modeling how human observers perform military tasks while using imaging systems in the field and linking that model with the physics of the systems has resulted in the comprehensive sensor models we have today. These models are used by the government, military, industry, and academia for sensor development, sensor system acquisition, military tactics development, and war-gaming. From the original hypothesis put forth by John Johnson in 1958, to modeling time-limited search, to modeling the impact of motion on target detection, to modeling target acquisition performance in different spectral bands, the concept of search has a wide-ranging history. Our purpose is to present a snapshot of that history; as such, it will begin with a description of the search-modeling task, followed by a summary of highlights from the early years, and concluding with a discussion of search and detection modeling today and the changing battlefield. Some of the topics to be discussed will be classic search, clutter, computational vision models and the ACQUIRE model with its variants. We do not claim to present a complete history here, but rather a look at some of the work that has been done, and this is meant to be an introduction to an extensive amount of work on a complex topic. That said, it is hoped that this overview of the history of search and detection modeling of military imaging systems pursued by NVESD directly, or in association with other government agencies or contractors, will provide both the novice and experienced search modeler with a useful historical summary and an introduction to current issues and future challenges.

Maurer, Tana; Wilson, David L.; Driggers, Ronald G.

2013-04-01

419

Legislative History of Public Law 101-336. The Americans with Disabilities Act. Volumes 1-3. Prepared for the Committee on Education and Labor. U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress. Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documents pertaining to the legislative history of Public Law 101-336, the Americans with Disabilities Act, are compiled. The compilation begins with the text of the law (which is designed to prohibit discrimination on the basis of disability) including its five titles (employment, public services, public accommodations and services operated by…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

420

Species profiles: Life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (north Atlantic): American eel. [Anguilla rostrata  

SciTech Connect

The American eel is an ecologically and economically important catadromous species that occupies freshwater streams, rivers, brackish estuaries, and the open ocean during various phases of its life cycle. Adult eels apparently spawn in the Sargasso Sea, and ocean currents transport the developing larvae northward until the young metamorphose into juveniles capable of swimming shoreward and moving upstream into coastal areas, estuaries, and rivers. Developing eels commonly remain in freshwater or brackish areas for 10-12 years before migrating to spawn. American eels tend to be bottom-dwellers and feed on a variety of fauna that occupy the same habitats. Eels occupy areas having wide ranges of temperature, salinity, and other environmental factors, suggesting broad tolerance limits, but few studies of requirements have been reported. Salinity patterns and water currents created by river discharges into coastal areas apparently provide the gradient that cues shoreward migration of juvenile eels. Alteration of patterns of freshwater inflows to estuaries and bays could affect upstream migrations.

Facey, D.E.; Van Den Avyle, M.J.

1987-08-01

421

A brief history of the American radium industry and its ties to the scientific community of its early twentieth century  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Federally funded remedial action projects are presently underway in New Jersey and Colorado at sites containing 226Ra and other radionuclides from radium-uranium ore extraction plants that operated during the early twentieth century. They are but the latest chapter in the story of an American industry that emerged and perished in the span of three decades. Major extraction plants were established in or near Denver (CO), Pittsburgh (PA), and New York City (NY) to process radium from ore that came largely from the carnotite deposits of western Colorado and eastern Utah. The staffs of these plants included some of the finest chemists and physicists in the nation, and the highly-refined radium products found a variety of uses in medicine and industry. The discovery of high-grade pitchblende ores in the Belgian Congo and the subsequent opening of an extraction plant near Antwerp, Belgium, in 1992, however, created an economic climate that put an end to the American radium industry. The geologic, chemical, and engineering information gathered during this era formed the basis of the uranium industry of the later part of the century, while the tailings and residues came to be viewed as environmental problems during the same period.

Landa, E.R.

1993-01-01

422

The history of the North African mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U6 gene flow into the African, Eurasian and American continents  

PubMed Central

Background Complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) genome analyses have greatly improved the phylogeny and phylogeography of human mtDNA. Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U6 has been considered as a molecular signal of a Paleolithic return to North Africa of modern humans from southwestern Asia. Results Using 230 complete sequences we have refined the U6 phylogeny, and improved the phylogeographic information by the analysis of 761 partial sequences. This approach provides chronological limits for its arrival to Africa, followed by its spreads there according to climatic fluctuations, and its secondary prehistoric and historic migrations out of Africa colonizing Europe, the Canary Islands and the American Continent. Conclusions The U6 expansions and contractions inside Africa faithfully reflect the climatic fluctuations that occurred in this Continent affecting also the Canary Islands. Mediterranean contacts drove these lineages to Europe, at least since the Neolithic. In turn, the European colonization brought different U6 lineages throughout the American Continent leaving the specific sign of the colonizers origin. PMID:24885141

2014-01-01

423

Chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the leg in the military.  

PubMed

CECS is a common source of lower extremity disability among young athletic cohorts and military personnel. The five cardinal symptoms are pain, tightness, cramps, weakness, and diminished sensation. History and clinical examination remain the hallmarks for identifying CECS, although ICP measurements during exercise stress testing may be used to confirm diagnosis. Nonsurgical management is generally unsuccessful, although gait retraining may have benefits in selected individuals. When conservative measures have failed, operative management may be considered with fascial release of all affected compartments. Although clinical success has been documented in civilian cohorts, the results of surgical treatment in military service members have been far less reliable. Only approximately half of the military service members experience complete resolution of symptoms and at least 25% are unable to return to full duty. PMID:25280617

Dunn, John C; Waterman, Brian R

2014-10-01

424

Contact dermatitis in military personnel.  

PubMed

Military personnel encounter the same allergens and irritants as their civilian counterparts and are just as likely to develop contact dermatitis from common exposures encountered in everyday life. In addition, they face some unique exposures that can be difficult to avoid owing to their occupational duties. Contact dermatitis can be detrimental to a military member's career if he or she is unable to perform core duties or avoid the inciting substances. An uncontrolled contact dermatitis can result in the member's being placed on limited-duty (ie, nondeployable) status, needing a job or rate change, or separation from military service. We present some common causes of contact dermatitis in military personnel worldwide and some novel sources of contact dermatitis in this population that may not be intuitive. PMID:22653003

Dever, Tara T; Walters, Michelle; Jacob, Sharon

2011-01-01

425

Substance Abuse in the Military  

MedlinePLUS

... among U.S. military personnel than among civilians, heavy alcohol and tobacco use, and especially prescription drug abuse, ... heavy weekly drinking and binge drinking, to suffer alcohol- and other drug-related problems, and to have ...

426

Measuring Underemployment Among Military Spouses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is it like to be a military spouse? It can present some rather unique challenges including underemployment. This 111-page report by researchers Nelson Lim and David Schulker on underemployment among military spouses was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the work was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute. The work examines the extent and causes of underemployment among military spouses, and it also looks at their "look-alikes", who in this case happen to be a group of similar civilian wives. Their research indicates that military wives are much more likely not to be in the labor force, and they are also more likely to have relatively high levels of education for their jobs when compared to their civilian counterparts. Visitors will want to read over all seven chapters of the report, and they can also consult the indices, graphs, and helpful charts.

427

American Politics Joe Fornieri  

E-print Network

-4620 EAS-1342 Archaeological Science William Middleton wdmgss@rit.edu GARS 475-5756 EAS-3173 Art History Keiner cmkgsh@rit.edu HPST 475-4698 EAS-3248 American History European History Modern World History@rit.edu JAPL JAPC 475-4558 EAS-3229 Russian Language Russian Language/Culture Diane Forbes djfgsl@rit.edu GRUL

Zanibbi, Richard

428

Satellite Power System (SPS) military implications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The military implications of the reference satellite power system (SPS) were examined is well as important military related study tasks. Primary areas of investigation were the potential of the SPS as a weapon, for supporting U.S. military preparedness, and for affecting international relations. In addition, the SPS's relative vulnerability to overt military action, terrorist attacks, and sabotage was considered.

Bain, C. N.

1978-01-01

429

The Military and the Transition to Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects…

Kelty, Ryan; Kleykamp, Meredith; Segal, David R.

2010-01-01

430

Introduced American eels Anguilla rostrata in European waters: life-history traits in a non-native environment.  

PubMed

This study investigated growth, condition and development of American eels Anguilla rostrata that were introduced into a European river to estimate their competitive potential in a non-native habitat. Results demonstrate that A. rostrata develops normally in European waters and successfully competes with the native European eel Anguilla anguilla. In addition, A. rostrata appears to be more susceptible to the Asian swimbladder nematode Anguillicola crassus than A. anguilla and could support the further propagation of this parasite. Detected differences in fat content and gonad mass between Anguilla species are assumed to reflect species-specific adaptations to spawning migration distances. This study indicates that A. rostrata is a potential competitor for the native fauna in European fresh waters and suggests strict import regulations to prevent additional pressure on A. anguilla and a potential further deterioration of its stock situation. PMID:24787669

Marohn, L; Prigge, E; Hanel, R

2014-06-01

431

[The cradle of military medicine].  

PubMed

The Kirov Military Medical Academy, included into the State Code of Particularly Valuable Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of the Russian Federation, plays an important role in national military-medical science and education during XVIII and XIX centuries. Today the Kirov Military Medical Academy consists of 7 faculties, 63 departments (52 military departments and 11 civil departments), 31 clinics (17 surgical clinics and 14 therapeutic clinics), center of extracorporeal detoxification, 3 departments, taking part in treatment and diagnostic process, 11 clinical subdivisions, research center consisting of 4 research subdivisions and 2 laboratories, and also 14 research laboratories, 32 supply subdivisions and publications department. Glorious staff and graduates of the Academy took part in all russian wars. All famous medical schools were founded in the Academy in XIX-XX centuries. At the present time the Kirov Military Medical Academy is the main military medical university, leading research center and treatment facility of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. PMID:24738275

Tsygan, V N

2013-12-01

432

Civilian and Military Genetics: Nondiscrimination Policy in a Post-GINA World  

PubMed Central

Evidence is emerging of a growing societal consensus about appropriate and inappropriate uses of genetic information. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 provides new legal protections to Americans by prohibiting the discriminatory use of genetic information by health insurers and employers. Additionally, the United States military recently created new policies for fair use of genetic information in the determination of benefits for servicemen and servicewomen leaving military service. Although critical issues remain, such as the potential for genetic information to be used to deny people other forms of insurance, and how the military will use genetic medicine overall, significant progress has been made. PMID:18940308

Baruch, Susannah; Hudson, Kathy

2008-01-01

433

Lin Tongqi : an oral history  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I explore the life of Professor Lin Tongqi, a well-known scholar of American Chinese studies, by using an oral history methodology. This oral history is named "Suffering and Thinking," and my goal is to ...

Chen, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01

434

Life history and biogeographic diversification of an endemic western North American freshwater fish clade using a comparative species tree approach.  

PubMed

The west coast of North America contains a number of biogeographic freshwater provinces which reflect an ever-changing aquatic landscape. Clues to understanding this complex structure are often encapsulated genetically in the ichthyofauna, though frequently as unresolved evolutionary relationships and putative cryptic species. Advances in molecular phylogenetics through species tree analyses now allow for improved exploration of these relationships. Using a comprehensive approach, we analyzed two mitochondrial and nine nuclear loci for a group of endemic freshwater fish (sculpin-Cottus) known for a wide ranging distribution and complex species structure in this region. Species delimitation techniques identified three novel cryptic lineages, all well supported by phylogenetic analyses. Comparative phylogenetic analyses consistently found five distinct clades reflecting a number of unique biogeographic provinces. Some internal node relationships varied by species tree reconstruction method, and were associated with either Bayesian or maximum likelihood statistical approaches or between mitochondrial, nuclear, and combined datasets. Limited cases of mitochondrial capture were also evident, suggestive of putative ancestral hybridization between species. Biogeographic diversification was associated with four major regions and revealed historical faunal exchanges across regions. Mapping of an important life-history character (amphidromy) revealed two separate instances of trait evolution, a transition that has occurred repeatedly in Cottus. This study demonstrates the power of current phylogenetic methods, the need for a comprehensive phylogenetic approach, and the potential for sculpin to serve as an indicator of biogeographic history for native ichthyofauna in the region. PMID:22982759

Baumsteiger, Jason; Kinziger, Andrew P; Aguilar, Andres

2012-12-01

435

Women and History: Outside the Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The active participation of women in the field of American history dates back to the earliest writings on the subject. The rich and long history of women writing, teaching and researching in the field of American History, however, is obscured by narrow disciplinary definitions of what actually counts as history and who is qualified to represent…

Coughlin, Mimi

2007-01-01

436

Department of History Combined Major in History/Political Science  

E-print Network

Department of History Combined Major in History/Political Science Students interested in earning a combined major in history/political science must complete the following courses: 4 credits HSTR 101 or 102 European Civilization ________ 8 credits HSTA 101 and 102 American History ________ ________ 1 credit HSTR

Vonessen, Nikolaus

437

Military Education and Research Library Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The official Web presence of the military education libraries in the United States and Europe, MERLN links together the holdings and electronic information resources of fourteen libraries, collectively the "largest and most comprehensive collections of military information resources in the world." Users can select a Topic Area (or create a custom topic) or a specific catalog, and then search by title, author, subject heading, or advanced options. The databases are also browseable by author, title, subject, or year. A sample search under title keyword for all libraries for "carpet bombing" produced 74 hits, while "Antietam" produced 266. Hits for each library are listed in a frame on the left-hand side, while basic bibliographic information on each title is listed on the right, with links to more detailed information. Users can repeat previous searches and combine them with other searches using the History option and also save and email selected search returns. Please note that at present the library catalogs for the Marine Corps University Research Center, the Marshall Center, the US Coast Guard Academy, and the US Naval Academy cannot be directly searched from MERLN, but efforts are underway to correct the problem. Users can access the homepages of these libraries, and all of the others linked through MERLN, from the main page.

2000-01-01

438

Talking History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yet another project at the indefatigable History Department at the University at Albany, SUNY (last reviewed in the March 19, 1999 Scout Report), Talking History is a weekly broadcast/ Internet radio program that "focuses on all aspects of history: how we recall it, how we preserve it, how we interpret it, how we transform it into myth, and how we pass it on -- as teachers, researchers, archivists, museum curators, documentary filmmakers, and so on." Aimed at a non-professional audience, the program attempts to bridge the gap between professional historians and the general public. At the site, users can listen to recent and archived programs (back to 1997) in their entirety, in high or low fidelity. Recent programs include "The Religious Roots of American Radicalism," "The Invention of George Washington," "Betty Friedan and the Making of The Feminine Mystique," and "Dangerous Liaisons: Governor Dewey, Lucky Luciano, and Operation Underworld." An excellent site for the armchair historian and academic alike.

439

Surgeon General's Family Health History Initiative  

MedlinePLUS

Surgeon General's Family Health History Initiative Health care professionals have known for a long time that common diseases - heart disease, cancer, ... learn more about their family health history. My Family Health Portrait Tool Americans know that family history ...

440

Rachel Gross U.S. Environmental History  

E-print Network

Rachel Gross U.S. Environmental History Prof. William Cronon Summer 2012 of Environmental History," American Historical Review 100 (1995): 1177-89. Conzen, Michael P. The Republic of Nature: An Environmental History of the United States. Seattle

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

441

14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...military pilots: Special rules. ...military pilots: Special rules. ...military pilot qualifications, for: ...receiving flight training, may apply...undergraduate pilot training school and received a rating qualification as a...

2010-01-01

442

76 FR 6509 - Notice of Certification; Foreign Military Financing, and International Military Education and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...prosecutions of current and retired military personnel who have been credibly alleged...prosecutions of current and retired military personnel who have been credibly alleged...prosecutions of current and retired military personnel who have been credibly...

2011-02-04

443

Suicides and Suicide Attempts in the U.S. Military, 2008-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Defense Suicide Event Report Program collects extensive information on suicides and suicide attempts from the U.S. Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, and Navy. Data are compiled on demographics, suicide event details, behavioral health treatment history, military history, and information about other potential risk factors such as…

Bush, Nigel E.; Reger, Mark A.; Luxton, David D.; Skopp, Nancy A.; Kinn, Julie; Smolenski, Derek; Gahm, Gregory A.

2013-01-01

444

The Tax History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1995 by Tax Analysts, the Tax History Project helps scholars, policymakers, students, and citizens easily access primary historical documents relating to American tax history. This rich resource archives US Treasury, White House, and Congressional documents from the early national, Depression, and World War II eras. Cartoon and poster image galleries supplement the text archives. Other features include statistical data on American taxation, Presidential Tax Returns, books reviews, and links to tax policy discussion groups.

445

Spatially explicit models of dynamic histories: examination of the genetic consequences of Pleistocene glaciation and recent climate change on the American Pika.  

PubMed

A central goal of phylogeography is to identify and characterize the processes underlying divergence. One of the biggest impediments currently faced is how to capture the spatiotemporal dynamic under which a species evolved. Here, we described an approach that couples species distribution models (SDMs), demographic and genetic models in a spatiotemporally explicit manner. Analyses of American Pika (Ochotona princeps) from the sky islands of the central Rocky Mountains of North America are used to provide insights into key questions about integrative approaches in landscape genetics, population genetics and phylogeography. This includes (i) general issues surrounding the conversion of time-specific SDMs into simple continuous, dynamic landscapes from past to current, (ii) the utility of SDMs to inform demographic models with deme-specific carrying capacities and migration potentials as well as (iii) the contribution of the temporal dynamic of colonization history in shaping genetic patterns of contemporary populations. Our results support that the inclusion of a spatiotemporal dynamic is an important factor when studying the impact of distributional shifts on patterns of genetic data. Our results also demonstrate the utility of SDMs to generate species-specific predictions about patterns of genetic variation that account for varying degrees of habitat specialization and life history characteristics of taxa. Nevertheless, the results highlight some key issues when converting SDMs for use in demographic models. Because the transformations have direct effects on the genetic consequence of population expansion by prescribing how habitat heterogeneity and spatiotemporal variation is related to the species-specific demographic model, it is important to consider alternative transformations when studying the genetic consequences of distributional shifts. PMID:22702844

Brown, Jason L; Knowles, L Lacey

2012-08-01

446

The Library of Congress: Military Legal Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress has developed a number of specialized digital collection designed to be of special use to researchers, and this very thorough collection of materials follows in that most welcome tradition. The site contains digitized legal documents and related ephemera such as the Military Law Review, various U.S. Army Field Manuals, and transcripts of the Nuremberg Trials. One important recent addition to these materials is a full set of the Commentaries on the 1949 Geneva Conventions, which were originally published between 1952 and 1959. Additionally, the site also contains legislative histories of such important acts as the Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts of 1974. Finally, the site is rounded out by a section that provides direct links to the official investigations of the My Lai Incidents during the Vietnam War.

447

Introduction: military neurosurgery, past and present.  

PubMed

For a physician has the worth of many other warriors, both for the excision of arrows and for the administration of soothing drugs. Homer, Iliad XI.514-515 Ever since armed conflict has been used as a means to settle disputes among men, there have been those who have been tasked to mend the wounds that ravage a soldier's body from the weapons of war. The Iliad portrays the pivotal 10th year of the legendary Trojan War, during which a schism in the Greek leadership prolongs the extended siege of the city of Troy. In the midst of this martial epic come the lines quoted above, quietly attesting to the value of the military physician, even under the crude conditions of the Greek Dark Age. They are uttered by Idomeneus, one of the foremost Greeks, when he is enjoining one of his comrades, Nestor, to rescue the injured Greek physician Machaon and take him back from the line to treat his wounds. He is afraid that Machaon will be captured by the Trojans, a loss far greater than that of any other single warrior. Duty to country has helped shape the careers of many neurosurgeons, including iconic US figures such as Harvey Cushing and Donald Matson. This issue of Neurosurgical Focus celebrates the rich history of military neurosurgery from the wars of yesterday to the conflicts of today. We have been humbled by the tremendous response to this topic. The 25 articles within this issue will provide the reader with both a broad and an in-depth look at the many facets of military neurosurgery. We have attempted to group articles based on their predominant topic. We also encourage our audience to read other recently published articles. The first 8 articles relate to the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. The lead article, written by Randy Bell and colleagues from the National Naval Medical Center and Walter Reed Army Medical Center, discusses what is arguably one of the most important contributions by military neurosurgeons from these 2 conflicts: the rapid and aggressive use of decompressive craniectomies. This is followed by articles on decompressive craniectomy techniques by Ragel and colleagues and cranioplasty outcomes by Stephens and colleagues. After reading these articles, the reader will come away with an appreciation of the often complex nature of wartime penetrating and closed-head injuries and the remarkable recovery that many injured soldiers make with time. PMID:20568950

Klimo, Paul; Ragel, Brian T

2010-05-01

448

Physical and sexual abuse histories in patients with eating disorders: a comparison of Japanese and American patients.  

PubMed

Physical and sexual abuse among patients with eating disorders has been a focus of attention in Western countries, however, there is no study comparing the incidence of these factors in Western and Asian countries. Japanese subjects consisted of 38 patients with anorexia nervosa restricting type (AN-R), 46 patients with anorexia nervosa binge eating/purging type (AN-BP), 76 patients with bulimia nervosa purging type (BN) and 99 controls. Subjects from the USA consisted of 29 AN-R, 34 AN-BP and 16 BN. The Physical and Sexual Abuse Questionnaire was administered to all subjects. Minor sexual abuse such as confronting exhibitionism or being fondled by a stranger tended to be more prevalent among Japanese subjects, while victimization by rape or incest was more prevalent among USA subjects. Conversely, physical abuse history was similarly distributed across each diagnostic subgroup in both countries. Events related to physical abuse, such as an abusive family background, may contribute whether eating disorder patients are restricting or bulimic and regardless of culture. PMID:11442883

Nagata, T; Kaye, W H; Kiriike, N; Rao, R; McConaha, C; Plotnicov, K H

2001-08-01

449

Armed forces, states and threats : civil-military institutions and military power in modern democracies  

E-print Network

Two longstanding questions preoccupying political scientists, military officers and policymakers alike are how should and how do political leaders interact with military professionals? This thesis argues that historic ...

DeVore, Marc Ronald

2009-01-01

450

OSU-N History Department Faculty: Dr. Russ Coil  

E-print Network

History Dr. Dave Dzurec Colonial America and the Early American Republic Dr. Harding Ganz European: Ohio Center for History, Art, and Technology. Houses an art gallery, interurban car, woodshopOSU-N History Department Faculty: Dr. Russ Coil American History Dr. Alcira Dueñas Latin American

Jones, Michelle

451

The Impact of Stress on the Life History Strategies of African American Adolescents: Cognitions, Genetic Moderation, and the Role of Discrimination  

PubMed Central

The impact of three different sources of stress—environmental, familial (e.g., low parental investment), and interpersonal (i.e., racial discrimination)—on the life history strategies (LHS) and associated cognitions of African American adolescents were examined over an 11-year period (five waves, from age 10.5 to 21.5). Analyses indicated that each one of the sources of stress was associated with faster LHS cognitions (e.g., tolerance of deviance, willingness to engage in risky sex), which, in turn, predicted faster LHS behaviors (e.g., frequent sexual behavior). LHS then negatively predicted outcome (resilience) at age 21.5; i.e., faster LHS ? less resilience. In addition, presence of the risk (“sensitivity”) alleles of two monoamine-regulating genes, the serotonin transporter gene (5HTTLPR) and the dopamine D4 receptor gene (DRD4) moderated the impact of perceived racial discrimination on LHS cognitions: Participants with more risk alleles (higher “sensitivity”) reported: faster LHS cognitions at age 18 and less resilience at age 21, if they had experienced higher amounts of discrimination ; and slower LHS and more resilience if they had experienced smaller amounts of discrimination. Implications for LHS theories are discussed. PMID:22251000

Gibbons, Frederick X.; Roberts, Megan E.; Gerrard, Meg; Li, Zhigang; Beach, Steven R. H.; Simons, Ronald L.; Weng, Chih-Yuan; Philibert, Robert A.

2013-01-01

452

"Journey to the Stars": Presenting What Stars Are to Global Planetarium Audiences by Blending Astrophysical Visualizations Into a Single Immersive Production at the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Journey to the Stars" is the latest and fourth space show based on storytelling from data visualization at the Rose Center for Earth and Space at the American Museum of Natural History. This twenty five minute, full dome movie production presents to planetarium audiences what the stars are, where they come from, how they vary in type and over time, and why they are important to life of Earth. Over forty scientists from around the world contributed their research to what is visualized into roughly fifteen major scenes. How this production is directed into a consolidated immersive informal science experience with learning goals is an integrative process with many inputs and concerns for scientific accuracy. The goal is a seamless merger of visualizations at varying spatial and temporal scales with acuity toward depth perception, revealing unseen phenomena, and the layering of concepts together to build an understanding of stars; to blend our common experience of them in the sky with the uncommon meaning we have come to know through science. Scripted by Louise Gikow who has worked for Children's Television Workshop, narrated by Whoopie Goldberg, and musically scored by Robert Miller, this production strives to guide audiences through challenging scientific concepts by complimenting the natural beauty the subject matter presents with understandable prose and musical grandeur. "Journey to the Stars" was produced in cooperation with NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Heliophysics Division and is in release at major planetariums, worldwide.

Emmart, Carter; Mac Low, M.; Oppenheimer, B. R.; Kinzler, R.; Paglione, T. A. D.; Abbott, B. P.

2010-01-01

453

Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Computerized Self-Administered Diet History Questionnaire for Use in Studies of American Indian and Alaskan Native People  

PubMed Central

Collection of dietary intake in epidemiologic studies involves using methods that are comprehensive yet appropriate for the population being studied. Here we describe a diet history questionnaire (DHQ) that was developed using an audio self-administered computer-assisted interview technique. The DHQ was developed for use in a cohort of American Indians and Alaskan Natives with tribal input and area-specific modules to incorporate local food availability. The DHQ includes 54 main food group questions, specific food items within the main food group, and food preparation and general eating practice questions. The questionnaire was programmed to be self-administered using a computer with a touch screen. The average time for the first 6,604 participants to complete the questionnaire was 36 minutes. Almost 100% of participants had complete DHQ data and the average number of food items selected was 70. The methods developed for collection of dietary data appear to be appropriate for the targeted population and may have usefulness for other populations where collecting dietary data in a self-administered format is desirable. PMID:18155994

Slattery, Martha L.; Murtaugh, Maureen A.; Schumacher, Mary Catherine; Johnson, Jennifer; Edwards, Sandra; Edwards, Roger; Benson, Joan; Tom-Orme, Lillian; Lanier, Anne P.

2008-01-01

454

[Military hospital in Komsomolsk-on-Amur celebrates 80th anniversary].  

PubMed

In March of 1934 the Revolutionary Military Council of the Special Far Eastern Red Army decided to deploy a military hospital in the city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur which has been under construction. In June of 1934 there was a connection with the local hospital of Dalpromstroy, located in the barracks, with a total of 60 beds. This hospital began to serve all city construction workers and solders without any exception. June 11, 1934 is considered the day of the hospital foundation. The article presents a brief outline of the hospital's history from 2010 to the present time--Branch number 2 301st District of Military clinical Hospital. PMID:25286579

Nagut, N N; Zakharchuk, L F

2014-06-01

455

Suicide risk by military occupation in the DoD active component population.  

PubMed

Suicide risk based on occupational cohorts within the U.S. military was investigated. Rates of suicide based on military occupational categories were computed for the Department of Defense (DoD) active component population between 2001 and 2010. The combined infantry, gun crews, and seamanship specialist group was at increased risk of suicide compared to the overall military population even when adjusted for gender, age, and deployment history. The results provide useful information that can help inform the DoD's suicide prevention mission. Data limitations and recommended areas for future research are discussed. PMID:23347281

Trofimovich, Lily; Reger, Mark A; Luxton, David D; Oetjen-Gerdes, Lynne A

2013-06-01

456

Operation: Military Kids Supporting Military Families in Minnesota  

E-print Network

, religion, national origin, sex, age, marital status, disability, public assistance status, veteran status & her family impacted by her father's deployment? ii. Who provided assistance and support? How? 4, (individually or as a group) support or provide assistance to `suddenly military' youth and families? 1

Amin, S. Massoud

457

History of Higher Education, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual compilation offers six articles on the history of higher education. In the first article, "The Historical Matrix of American Higher Education," Roger L. Geiger provides an overview of the history of American higher education. Following it, E. D. Duryea, Jurgen Herbst, and W. Bruce Leslie comment on his hypothesis which identifies eight…

History of Higher Education, 1992

1992-01-01

458

History, Education, and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book of essays is a survey of recent developments in the history and historiography of American education. It highlights disagreements among practitioners of the art, significant research, book reviews, and contributions of history to the broader study of American education. Specific topics covered include: public education and the education…

Warren, Donald R., Ed.

459

Affirmative Action in the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

African Americans have fought in American conflicts since colonial days. The segregation practiced during the Civil War endured until abolished by President Truman in 1948. Since the all-volunteer force was established in 1973, the number of African American troops has risen; in 1991, they composed 28 percent of the Army and three-fifths of some combat units. Thus desegregation and affirmative

John Sibley Butler

1992-01-01

460

Transportation and Technology American Ideals  

E-print Network

1 East Transportation and Technology 2 East American Ideals 3 East American Wars and Politics ATM Level West Simulator Rides American PresidencyFirst Ladies Gunboat Philadelphia Price of Freedom Open American History and Culture GalleryWelcome Center Flag Hall Star-Spangled Banner Closed for Renovation

Mathis, Wayne N.

461

Harlem History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Beyond a shadow of a doubt, Harlem is perhaps the most famous African-American neighborhood in the United States (though over history it has been host to a number of ethnic groups), and hundreds of its residents have gone on to major positions of prominence in politics, the arts, and a host of other areas. This multimedia website, designed by the Columbia University Digital Knowledge Ventures group (in conjunction with The Institute for Research in African-American Studies) brings together a number of archival highlights and scholarship from a number of sources at Columbia University. The thematic areas on the site include "Arts and Culture", "The Neighborhood" and "Politics". Visitors can delve into each of these areas and read essays on the architecture and growth of Harlem, its former Jewish identity, and the recollections of the famed labor leader A. Philip Randolph. Finally, the site also contains a number of photo essays of note.

462

GPS survivability - A military overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The major features contributing to the military survivability of GPS during war are discussed. Possible threats to the various segments of GPS are examined, including the effects of attack, sabotage, and nuclear war. Consideration is given to applicable countermeasures to enable GPS to provide continuous service during war.

Burgess, Alan

463

Soviet military strategy in space  

SciTech Connect

This book examines the Soviet military space effort from its infancy in the 1950s to the spy craft and anti-satellite systems of today. It describes in detail the Soviet equivalents of the U.S. Star Wars program and explains technical and political issues in laymen's terms. A full text of major arms control agreements completes the volume.

Johnson, N.L.

1987-01-01

464

Military Science Chair and Professor  

E-print Network

in the active army, the army reserve, and the National Guard. Upon completion of the curriculum, students / Military Science 199 National Guard. To be considered for contracting into the advanced course, the student. Veterans. Veterans who have served on active duty or in the army reserve or National Guard are also

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

465

The Caltech Political Military Exercise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Caltech political military exercise (PME) is a game in which players assume roles of leaders of various countries and attempt to act as they think these leaders would in a time of international crises. The main purposes of the exercise are (1) to provide students with an experience in crisis diplomacy and policy formation, and (2) to provide a…

Munger, E. S.; And Others

466

Pilot Study to determine interest of adult civilian dependants of active duty military personnel in participation in a weight control program  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Adult civilian dependents of active duty military personnel (ADMP) may play a central role in influencing the home food environment and the risk of overweight and obesity in American Warfighters and military families. However, there is no information on whether this group would be receptive to weigh...

467

59 FR- National Military Families Recognition Day, 1994  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Military Families Recognition Day Presidential Documents...National Military Families Recognition Day, 1994 By the President...Reserves. Military families face abrupt separations, moves...National Military Families Recognition Day.'' I call upon...

1994-11-08

468

32 CFR 9.2 - Establishment of Military Commissions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.2 Establishment of Military Commissions. In accordance with the President's Military Order, the Secretary...

2012-07-01

469

Tax History Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2000 tax deadline has passed, and users with taxes on their minds may be interested in the Tax History Museum. Created and maintained by Tax Analysts, this online museum covers American tax history from 1660 to the present. Divided into chronological periods, each exhibit contains a narrative history of American taxes, complete with images of documents, portraits of some of the key figures, and illustrations. Still under construction, the 20th-century exhibit will also contain sound clips of some of the most famous tax-related speeches of the last 100 years.

470

Can Academic Freedom Work in Military Academies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the thorny question of military discipline vs. academic freedom, demonstrating that the military academy is the perfect proving ground if you want to test the value of academic freedom. The authors, who are also Air Force officers, embarked on a two-year quest to determine what place academic freedom has at a military

Niday, Jackson A., II; Harrington, Kathleen

2007-01-01

471

Evaluation of noise around military installations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Noise is one of the most common adverse environmental factors. Military bases and airports and the areas surrounding them are affected by acoustic impact. The problem of military noise is researched in this article. Since 2004 Šiauliai Airport has been the site of NATO forces’ base in the Baltic States for the protection of the region's airspace. Military aircraft are

Valentina Vilutien?; Gytautas Ignatavi?ius

2011-01-01

472

Deaths due to injury in the military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: More military personnel die of injuries each year than any other cause. This paper provides a basic epidemiologic description of injury deaths in the military.Methods: Using fatality data from the Department of Defense Directorate of Information and Operations Reports and population data from the Defense Manpower Data Center, death rates of men and women in the military services for

Kenneth E Powell; Lois A Fingerhut; Christine M Branche; Dennis M Perrotta

2000-01-01

473

Compulsive gambling and the changing military law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military courts have had to face the issue of compulsive gambling in criminal court-martial proceedings. The military recently switched from the liberal ALI definition of insanity to the much more stringent standards of the federal Insanity Defense Reform Act. However, military courts have not even allowed in expert testimony, holding the relevance of compulsive gambling has not been generally accepted

William S. Little; Fred S. Hecker

1988-01-01

474

49 CFR 1503.407 - Military personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Military personnel. 1503.407 Section 1503...Penalties by TSA § 1503.407 Military personnel. If a report made under...subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C....

2011-10-01

475

49 CFR 1503.407 - Military personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Military personnel. 1503.407 Section 1503...Penalties by TSA § 1503.407 Military personnel. If a report made under...subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C....

2010-10-01

476

Suicide and the Military Justice System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that U.S. military policies emphasize humanitarian approach to issue of suicide, yet military law may view suicidal behavior as deviant and may prosecute suicide attempters. Cites convictions of soldiers for attempted and assisted suicides. Reviews recent court decisions and suggests revisions in military law. (Author/NB)

Lande, Raymond G.

1992-01-01

477

Do black-white racial disparities in breastfeeding persist in the military community?  

PubMed

We conduct a comparative analysis of breastfeeding behavior between military and civilian-affiliated mothers. Our focus is on African American mothers among whom breastfeeding rates are lowest. The military context may mitigate conditions associated with low breastfeeding prevalence by (a) providing stable employment and educational opportunities to populations who face an otherwise poor labor market and (b) providing universal healthcare that includes breastfeeding consultation. Using pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system (PRAMS) data for which we received special permission from each state to flag military affiliation, we analyze civilians and military affiliate in breastfeeding initiation using logistic regression and breastfeeding duration using Cox proportional hazard analysis. We find that breastfeeding is more prevalent among all women in the military setting and that the black-white gap in breastfeeding duration common among civilians is significantly reduced among military affiliates. Breastfeeding is a crucial component of maternal and child health and eliminating racial disparities in its prevalence is a public health priority. This study is the first to identify the military as an important institutional context that deserves closer examination to glean potential policy implications for civilian society. PMID:24894729

Lundquist, Jennifer; Xu, Zhun; Barfield, Wanda; Elo, Irma

2015-02-01

478

Tying the Yellow Ribbon: How School Psychologists and Educators Can Support Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tying a yellow ribbon around the tree in one's front yard or placing a magnet on one's car is more than just a show of support. It is a promise to American military around the world that one is ready and able to support them in their time of need just as they have supported the country. Educators, including school psychologists, are especially…

Anweiler, Justin

2008-01-01

479

Art History The School of Humanities  

E-print Network

98 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American, Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies. The major in art history

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

480

Art History The School of Humanities  

E-print Network

104 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American, Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies. The major in art history

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

481

Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine  

SciTech Connect

In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26

482

Suicides and suicide attempts in the U.S. Military, 2008-2010.  

PubMed

The Department of Defense Suicide Event Report Program collects extensive information on suicides and suicide attempts from the U.S. Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, and Navy. Data are compiled on demographics, suicide event details, behavioral health treatment history, military history, and information about other potential risk factors such as psychosocial stressors that were present at the time of the event. The ultimate goal of this standardized suicide surveillance program is to assist suicide prevention in the U.S. military. Descriptive data are presented on 816 suicides and 1,514 suicide attempts reported through the program between 2008 and 2010. PMID:23330611

Bush, Nigel E; Reger, Mark A; Luxton, David D; Skopp, Nancy A; Kinn, Julie; Smolenski, Derek; Gahm, Gregory A

2013-06-01

483

Art and Art History 93 Art and Art History  

E-print Network

Art and Art History 93 Art and Art History The School of Humanities Chair Hamid Naficy Professors Sparagana Degrees Offered: B.A., B.F.A. This major offers two tracks of study: one in studio art and one in art history, the latter with concentrations in the Western tradition of European and American art

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

484

Tecumseh. The Story of an American Indian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tecumseh, famed for his skills as an orator, warrior, military strategist, and leader of his Shawnee people, has been called one of the great American leaders. In 1812 he assembled 3,000 warriors from 32 American Indian tribes in an effort to save the Indian lands from the onslaught of the white soldiers and settlers. It was the largest Indian…

Schraff, Anne

485

Congressional Social Darwinism and the American Indian  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizing a congressional report on civil and military treatment of American Indians, this article asserts that the social Darwinism of the day prevailed among all congressional committee members ("Even friends of the Indian... knew American expansionism, technology, and racial ideology would reduce the Indian to a pitiful remnant...) (JC)

Blinderman, Abraham

1978-01-01

486

Mexican-Americans in the Southwest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the 10 million Mexican Americans in the United States, 90% reside in the southwestern states of California, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. Historically, the acquisition of Spanish speaking citizens by the U.S. has resulted from military conquest. Yet, Mexican Americans did not have a significant political voice until the high fatality…

Martinez, Reynaldo L.; And Others

487

Military survey honors Guy Bomford  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recognition of his many contributions to geodesy, the United Kingdom's Military Survey's new headquarters building was named after Brigadier Guy Bomford at a ceremony at Feltham near London on July 10, 1992. He was the director of survey of the southeast Asia command during World War II, was reader in geodesy at Oxford University, was active in the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (serving as president from 1963 to 1967), and is the author of the well-known text, Geodesy.Now aged 92, Bomford unveiled a plaqueon the building and attended a luncheon at the Feltham Officer's Mess hosted by the Director General of Military Survey, Major General Roy Wood.

488

Organizational commitment of military physicians.  

PubMed

An individual's loyalty or bond to his or her employing organization, referred to as organizational commitment, influences various organizational outcomes such as employee motivation, job satisfaction, performance, accomplishment of organizational goals, employee turnover, and absenteeism. Therefore, as in other sectors, employee commitment is crucial also in the healthcare market. This study investigates the effects of organizational factors and personal characteristics on organizational commitment of military physicians using structural equation modeling (SEM) on a self-report, cross-sectional survey that consisted of 635 physicians working in the 2 biggest military hospitals in Turkey. The results of this study indicate that professional commitment and organizational incentives contribute positively to organizational commitment, whereas conflict with organizational goals makes a significantly negative contribution to it. These results might help develop strategies to increase employee commitment, especially in healthcare organizations, because job-related factors have been found to possess greater impact on organizational commitment than personal characteristics. PMID:19780367

Demir, Cesim; Sahin, Bayram; Teke, Kadir; Ucar, Muharrem; Kursun, Olcay

2009-09-01

489

History, Legal Scholarship, and LatCrit Theory: The Case of Racial Transformations Circa the Spanish American War, 1896-1900  

Microsoft Academic Search

The period from 1896 to 1900, the period prior to, during, and immediately following the Spanish American War, which became known to Americans as the “splendid little war,” was a momentous time. An in-depth study of this five-year period--the events leading to the Spanish American War, the War itself and its aftermath--yields a rich and deep understanding of themes at

Sylvia R. Lazos

2001-01-01

490

F. Willoughby Smith and the development of American policy toward the Bolshevik Revolution, 7 November - 12 December, 1917  

E-print Network

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 1986 Major Subject: History F. WILLOUGHBY SMITH AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF AMERICAN POLICY TOWARD THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION: 7 NOVEMBER ? 12 DECEMBER, 1917 A thesis by TERRY WAYNE HAMMOND Approved... at Batum, and later Tif li s, Russia, from Apr il, 1914 to April, 1919. The United States' entry into the war in April of 1917 catapul ted Consul Smith into a position of immense responsibility, for he was wel I-aware of the military, political...

Hammond, Terry Wayne

1986-01-01

491

DOD Dictionary of Military Terms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Defense Defense Technical Information Center provides this handy dictionary, derived from Joint Publication 1-02, "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms." Users can browse the dictionary alphabetically or search it. Definitions are terse but clear. Cross references are provided but, unfortunately, not hyperlinked at this time. The dictionary also contains both terms and acronyms & abbreviations. The latter two can be browsed or searched separately from a link on the dictionary page.

Defense Technical Information Center (U.S.)

492

Chronic pain management in the active-duty military  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As in the general population, chronic pain is a prevalent and burdensome affliction in active-duty military personnel. Painful conditions in military members can be categorized broadly in terms of whether they arise directly from combat injuries (gunshot, fragmentation wound, blast impact) or whether they result from non-combat injuries (sprains, herniated discs, motor vehicle accidents). Both combat-related and non-combat-related causes of pain can further be classified as either acute or chronic. Here we discuss the state of pain management as it relates to the military population in both deployed and non-deployed settings. The term non-battle injury (NBI) is commonly used to refer to those conditions not directly associated with the combat actions of war. In the history of warfare, NBI have far outstripped battle-related injuries in terms not only of morbidity, but also mortality. It was not until improvements in health care and field medicine were applied in World War I that battle-related deaths finally outnumbered those attributed to disease and pestilence. However, NBI have been the leading cause of morbidity and hospital admission in every major conflict since the Korean War. Pain remains a leading cause of presentation to military medical facilities, both in and out of theater. The absence of pain services is associated with a low return-to-duty rate among the deployed population. The most common pain complaints involve the low-back and neck, and studies have suggested that earlier treatment is associated with more significant improvement and a higher return to duty rate. It is recognized that military medicine is often at the forefront of medical innovation, and that many fields of medicine have reaped benefit from the conduct of war.

Jamison, David; Cohen, Steven P.

2012-06-01

493

First psychotic episodes among Israeli youth during military service.  

PubMed

The military setting offers unique opportunities for the study of the epidemiology of first psychotic episodes among Israeli youth. The aim of the present study was to describe characteristics of first psychotic episodes among a cohort of Israeli soldiers. Ninety soldiers, 67 males and 23 females, who were hospitalized for a first psychotic episode were studied and compared with 90 soldiers hospitalized in psychiatric units during the same year who were not psychotic. The results include a high rate of schizophreniform psychoses and schizophrenia; no gender difference in the occurrence of psychoses; within-average mean ratings on the preinduction psychometric intelligence test; no history of substance abuse; and a remarkable occurrence of psychiatric hospitalizations, including first psychotic episodes, during the stressful beginning of military service, supporting the hypothesis that psychotic symptoms are likely to occur in a stressful situation among vulnerable individuals. Follow-up studies will indicate whether early detection and treatment may improve the outcome of the psychoses. PMID:10741075

Knobler, H Y

2000-03-01

494

Approved September 12, 2003 Associate in Arts to BA/BS in History  

E-print Network

210 Missouri History ­ 3 hours HIST 221 Russian History ­ 3 hours HIST 226 American Frontiers ­ 3Approved September 12, 2003 Associate in Arts to BA/BS in History Students will complete HIST 120 American History I OR HIST 121 American History II AND POLS 135 Introduction to Political

Gering, Jon C.

495

Lesson Study and History Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the experiences of a group of fifth-grade teachers who used lesson study, a teacher-driven form of professional development, to teach history in a project supported by a Teaching American History Grant. The project addressed the following questions: What does a lesson study cycle for history education look like? What…

Halvorsen, Anne-Lise; Kesler Lund, Alisa

2013-01-01

496

The Bibliographic Databases in History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This examination of abstracting-indexing services for the field of history focuses on Historical Abstracts (HA) and America--History and Life (AHL), and their relationship to the American Bibliographical Center's Subject Profile Index (ABC-SPIndex). The history, scope, selection criteria, and classification arrangements of the two databases are…

Falk, Joyce Duncan

497

American Family Immigration History Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The site has been deluged since the moment it went live in 2001, and users may very likely find it difficult to access. Those lucky enough to get through will find a searchable database that contains records on the 22 million passengers and ship crew members who passed through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1924. In addition to a basic passenger record (name, ethnicity, place of residence, age, marital status, ship of travel, etc.), users can also view a copy of the original ship manifest (a text version is also available), and even a picture of the ship travelled on! Free registration is required to use the database and a paid membership to use some of the other features at the site, such as creating a public scrapbook (these will be available for free viewing). Easy to use (I found my grandfather-in-law in just a few minutes), this site is an essential resource for genealogy research online, especially once its server capacity improves.

2001-01-01

498

Course Syllabus: American Environmental History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the intellectual and political forces that have influenced man's relationship with the environment. Discusses why the use of the environment has occurred as it has, and who benefited from these choices. Concludes with a look at global deforestation. Includes daily assignments and readings. (MVL)

Koppes, Clayton R.

1988-01-01

499

American History Brought to Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past twenty years, a major project for the author's eighth-grade art classes has been a group diorama with plaster figures. The group has to include two to four people participating in a sport or an occupation while showing some kind of action and interaction. Not too long ago, a couple of girls asked to depict the signing of the…

Teague, Joetta

2011-01-01

500

American Museum of Natural History  

MedlinePLUS

... Tour Highlights Tour Night At The Museum Tour Earth and Space Tour Exhibitions Current Exhibitions Pterosaurs: Flight ... Divisions Anthropology Invertebrate Zoology Paleontology Physical Sciences Astrophysics Earth and Planetary Sciences Vertebrate Zoology Herpetology Ichthyology Mammalogy ...