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1

Documents in Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).

2

Teaching About the Military in American History: A History Institute for Teachers. Footnotes. Volume 12, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On March 24-25, 2007 FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 23 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about the Military in U.S. history. The Institute was held at and co-sponsored by the Cantigny First Division Museum. Sessions included: (1) War and the Military in American

Kuehner, Trudy

2007-01-01

3

Why Military History?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in military history is as strong as it has ever been--except on American college campuses. Lt. Gen. Josiah Bunting III examines why today's undergraduates need to study the facts of war, and why knowing its causes and consequences remain a vital part of our common knowledge.

Bunting, Josiah, III

2008-01-01

4

The Racial History of the U.S. Military Academies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the history of the entry of African American students and faculty into the nation's prestigious military institutions: the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, and the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs. Notes that the military's effort to diversify its troops and officer corps is a recent…

Hansen, Susan D.

1999-01-01

5

Reexamining some management lessons from military history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military history has provided a number of useful metaphors for management, such as positioning, blue ocean strategy, defensible\\u000a perimeters, and fighting the last war, among others. In spite of this rich tradition and the detailed writings on the military,\\u000a management research has actually made a rather truncated use of military history. This includes the selective use of military\\u000a metaphors, and

David Ahlstrom; David Lamond; Zhujun Ding

2009-01-01

6

American Cultural History History 390  

E-print Network

. popular), theses, the Web Check subject guide under: Research by Subject History by Region American1 American Cultural History History 390 Consider Resources Primary Resources: diaries, letters collection unless stated. Album of American History E178 .A2 A (5 volumes; Stauffer ­ Books) Columbia

Abolmaesumi, Purang

7

A BRIEF HISTORY OF US MILITARY VETERANS AT  

E-print Network

A BRIEF HISTORY OF US MILITARY VETERANS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA From the American is a brief overview of some of those men and women of the Penn community who have served and defended our with "To every thing there is a season..."; after reading the eighth verse, "a time of war, and a time

Plotkin, Joshua B.

8

The 29th Annual Hurley Military History Seminar Military History Center  

E-print Network

The 29th Annual Hurley Military History Seminar Military History Center University of North Texas 8. Zinni, a retired four-star General of the United States Marine Corps and former Commander in Chief of U Superior Service Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters; the Bronze Star with Combat "V" and Gold Star

Mohanty, Saraju P.

9

A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917  

E-print Network

A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917 By: ©2012 Lon J. Strauss Submitted to the graduate degree program in History and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas...: A Paranoid State: The American Public, Military Surveillance and the Espionage Act of 1917 _____________________________ Chairperson Dr. Theodore Wilson Date Approved: April 9, 2012 iii Abstract “A...

Strauss, Lon Jeffrey

2012-05-31

10

African American History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

February is African American History Month, and, as the Library of Congress site notes, it's an area of history that should be incorporated into all discussions about American history. The Library of Congress listened to its own advice and created this most useful site to help students, teachers, and others to do just that. Visitors can read about a number of notable African Americans, including historian Carter G. Woodson and Congressman Major Owens. By clicking on the "Exhibits & Collections" area visitors can look through some of the digital collections related to various aspects of African American history. Additionally, the site also has other sections that provide primary materials on African Americans in the performing arts as well as oral histories from the Veterans History Project.

11

Erika A. Kuhlman - American Doughboys and German Fräuleins: Sexuality, Patriarchy, and Privilege in the American-Occupied Rhineland, 1918“23 - The Journal of Military History 71:4  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates how the U.S. military occupation of the German Rhineland after the First World War helped to reconstruct patriarchy in the occupied zone through the control of doughboys' and Frauleins' sexuality. The relative stability enjoyed in the American zone in turn enabled the United States to mediate conflicts and operate as a reconciling influence among the other, more

Erika Kuhlman

2007-01-01

12

African American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mississippi State University African American History Archive is a great place to start for pointers to African American history sites, as well as an excellent repository of African American history primary documents. The sites include Adonis Productions' Black Pioneers page (with pages on African American pioneers in all fields), Great Day In Harlem (jazz), Mississippi State's AfriGeneas genealogy mailing list and Web site, Small Towns-Black Lives in New Jersey, African American pioneers in Kentucky law, and the International Museum of the Horse's Buffalo Soldier pages. Full text documents include Dr. Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech, Booker T. Washington's "Up From Slavery", Frederick Douglass' "Autobiography" and "My Escape from Slavery", and Henry David Thoreau's "A Plea for Captain John Brown" and "Slavery in Massachussetts", among others. The site also contains African American bibliographies in the arts, education, history, and science, as well as pointers to other African American sites. http://www.msstate.edu/Archives/History/USA/Afro-Amer/afro.html

1997-01-01

13

Redefining American Literary History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of essays which provide starting points for a redefinition of American literary history based on a multiethnic and multiracial, rather than European, theory of culture. After an introduction by the editors, essays in the book are: "The Literatures of America: A Comparative Discipline" (Paul Lauter); "Defining the Canon"…

Ruoff, A. LaVonne Brown, Ed.; Ward, Jerry W., Jr., Ed.

14

American History. Computer Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: Seven interactive computer programs are available to help with the study of American History. They cover the period of the 17th century up through the present day, and involve a variety of approaches to instruction. These programs were conceived and programmed by Jim Lengel, a former state social…

Lengel, James G.

1983-01-01

15

Andrew Case "American Environmental History"  

E-print Network

Andrew Case History "American Environmental History" Spring 2008 Advisor: William Cronon Classics of Environmental History," American Historical Review 100 (1995): 1177-89. Dunlap, Thomas. Saving America Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century World (2000). Nash, Roderick

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

16

American History Picture Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In class we read Katie's Picture Show, a book about a girl who discovers art first-hand one day at an art museum in London. She realizes she can climb into the paintings, explore her surroundings, and even solve problems for the subjects of the paintings. As part of our unit on American history, we are going to use art to further learn about some of the important events we have been discussing. Each of these works of art depicts an important event in American History. When you click on a picture, you will be able to see the name of the event as well as the artist who created it. You will be using all three pictures for this assignment.Use the websites ...

Ms. Bennion

2009-11-23

17

The Zoot Suit Riots: Exploring Social Issues in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zoot Suit Riots provide students with a case study of social unrest in American history. The influx of Latinos into the Los Angeles area prior to World War II created high levels of social unrest between Mexican Americans, military servicemen, and local residences. With large numbers of soldiers stationed in the area during the Second World…

Chiodo, John J.

2013-01-01

18

Military Drill in the Service of American Hegemony over Hawaii  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, there has been an interest in investigating who have historically served in the American military, particularly during periods of war. These studies report that men from lower socio-economic groups tend to be over represented in military service, especially after voluntary service replaced the draft during the 1970s. Much work remains to…

Beyer, C. Kalani

2009-01-01

19

Wayne E. Lee - Peace Chiefs and Blood Revenge: Patterns of Restraint in Native American Warfare, 1500“1800 - The Journal of Military History 71:3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions of the escalation in the intensity and lethality of European–Native American warfare lack a systematic catalog of Indian restraints on war, in contrast to the extensive literature on European warfare. This article surveys eastern Native American societies at war from roughly 1500 to 1800 for limits on destructive potential and intent. Although Indian societies were willing to seek to

Wayne E. Lee

2007-01-01

20

Modern Latin American History History 315  

E-print Network

popular), theses, the Web... Check subject guides: Research by Subject History Latin American Studies: "primary sources" "cuban missile crisis" site:edu [search using Google] Some websites provide access­Primary Sources guides.lib.washington.edu/content.php?pid=61680&sid=454811 Ibero-American Electronic Text Series

Abolmaesumi, Purang

21

World History in Liberal Military Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational environment of the U.S. Air Force Academy is discussed and the Academy's basic world history program is described. The first part of the report focuses on the Academy's educational environment, discussing the core curriculum, history instruction, the cadet, and the history faculty. The report's second part, which comprises over…

Bishop, Donald M., Ed.; McGann, Thomas F., Ed.

22

National Museum of American History  

E-print Network

National Museum of American History Strategic Plan 2013--2018 #12;Contents Looking Ahead 2 Mission Funding the Plan 12 Coda 15 A Tagline to Remember 16 Milestones 17 Credits 21 Love History. Use History. Make History. #12;Mission Through incomparable collections, rigorous research, and dynamic public

Mathis, Wayne N.

23

History of American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"History of American Higher Education" documents the fascinating evolution of American colleges and universities, touching on the historical events that shaped them, from the colonial era through the early twenty-first century. Throughout history, higher education has played an important role in the transmission of cultural identity from one…

McCarthy, Margaret Cain

2011-01-01

24

American Indian Standards for History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents American Indian history standards that are closely aligned with the 1996 expanded edition of the U.S. national standards for history. The American Indian standards should be used in conjunction with the national standards document itself and therefore, follow the same format, organization, and language. The Indian-specific…

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education Programs.

25

Surgeons reconsidered: military medical men of the American revolution.  

PubMed

This paper assesses the reputation of British military medical staff in the 18th century, focusing on the character and professionalism of regimental surgeons and mates who served at the time of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Examining the careers and contributions of men such as Thomas Dickson Reide, Robert Jackson, and Robert Hamilton reveals that--in contrast to charges of ineptitude, laziness and dishonesty among military surgeons--the British army could count on a cadre of military medical men who were devoted both to their patients and to the advancement of their profession. PMID:21465843

Marshall, Tabitha

2010-01-01

26

The military lens : doctrinal differences, misperception, and deterrence failure in Sino-American relations  

E-print Network

Nations, because of their different strategic situations, histories, and military cultures can have dramatically different beliefs about the nature of effective military doctrine, strategy, and capabilities. This dissertation ...

Twomey, Christopher P

2005-01-01

27

American Educational History Journal, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2001 annual publication contains 31 articles on topics germane to the history of education. Each year, this journal publishes papers presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest History of Education Society. After the "Introduction" (R. J. Taggart) articles in this year's issue are: "Origins of the American Federation of Teachers: Issues…

Watras, Joseph, Ed.

2001-01-01

28

U.S. Army Center of Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army. It provides a vast range of services designed to support the historical research efforts of different sections and organizations within the Army. First-time visitors may wish to start at the Medal of Honor area, which provides some detailed information about this most celebrated award, along with its recipients. The Force Structure and Unit History Branch area provides information about the various units and divisions within the Army, including those that no longer exist. The Army Museum System area provides detailed information about the various museums around the United States that cover the vast military history of the different states. The Artwork & Images area contains hundreds of artistic images that include dramatic paintings of key military excursions, along with thematic photographic collections like Army Libraries Through the Years and Buffalo Soldiers on the Eve of World War II. Visitors shouldn't leave without looking over the The Green Books series. This series covers all aspects of the Army's involvement in World War II; titles include "The War in the Pacific," "The Middle East Theater," and "The Technical Services." [KMG

2013-01-10

29

Six American Histories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Histories of Blacks, Czechs, Germans, Jews, Mexicans, and Poles are provided in this resource guide. The histories are intended as a major background resource to help instructional staff members of the 45 school systems in Education Service Center, Region II, Corpus Christi, Texas, integrate ethnic heritage studies materials into classroom…

Wead, Margaret

30

Rethinking the Teaching of American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews where we have been, where we are now, and where we ought to be going in teaching American history. Topics discussed include consensus historians, questioning of consensus interpretations, new interest in the origins of Americans, history of women, history of American labor, and development of a new social history. (Author/DB)

Shenton, James P.; Jakoubek, Robert E.

1980-01-01

31

American Public Opinion toward the MilitaryDifferences by Race, Gender, and Class?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses a national survey of Latinos, African Americans, and Anglos (non-Hispanic whites) to test multiple hypotheses for public support of military expenditures, enlistment in the military, and overall evaluations of the military. While polls show that the military is the most respected government institution, it is less clear whether particular sectors of the contemporary public are more or

David L. Leal

2005-01-01

32

[Brief history of the otolaryngology department in the Military Spa hospital in Ciechocinek].  

PubMed

The author showed a history of the Otolaryngology Department in the Military spa Hospital in Ciechocunek. The tradition of Military Hospital in Ciechocínek dates back to the November Insurrection. PMID:9499848

Starosta, S

1995-01-01

33

History of American Education Primer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book depicts the evolution of American educational history from 1630 to the present. The book highlights how ideological managers have shaped society and, because schools mirror society, have thus had a profound impact on education and schooling. Five common areas of study - philosophy, politics, economics, social sciences, and religion -…

Boers, David

2007-01-01

34

African American Oral History Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Telling the story of Louisville's African American community is an ambitious goal and the University of Louisville's Oral History Center has done a fine job with this website. The process began in the 1970s with funding from the Kentucky Oral History Commission, which supported the collection's first batch of interviews. A wide range of people was interviewed for the project, including politicians, doctors, musicians, and educators as well as "regular folks." Currently, there are 27 interviews, and visitors can browse through them to get a sense of the offerings. One particularly fascinating interviewee is Dr. Jesse Bell, a longtime physician in Louisville. The collection will intrigue historians, urbanologists, and others with a passion for the American experience.

2010-01-01

35

African American Alumni Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Digital Collections has tackled everything from Golda Meir to historic street maps in its quest to offer a diverse and wonderful view of the city's rich history. This particular collection brings together a clutch of oral histories that celebrate the African American experience at the institution. Visitors can look over a panel discussion with a range of recent alums titled, "African American Alumni and Students: Stories of Education and Success." Moving on, visitors can hear Clayborn Benson talk about his long career as a photojournalist or watch and listen to G. Spencer Coggs, who has been a prominent member of the Democratic Political Party in Wisconsin for many years. This is quite a trove of first-hand memories and a great tribute to the cityâ??s oral traditions.

36

NATIVE AMERICAN HISTORY Libby R. Tronnes  

E-print Network

NATIVE AMERICAN HISTORY Libby R. Tronnes Overviews Deloria, Philip, ed., A Companion to American. "The Indian's Old World: Native Americans and the Coming of Europeans." William and Mary Quarterly in Native American Communities (1995) Dowd, Gregory Evans. A Spirited Resistance: The North American Indian

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

37

Challenges Faced by Undergraduate Military Students at American Public University System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will summarize some of challenges faced by military students enrolled in an associate and bachelors online program at American Public University System (APUS). The survey results on which the study is based exposed the following problems faced by military personnel: 48.7% had difficulties working around military obligations, 33.3%…

Machuca, Ana; Torres, Karin; Morris, Pamela; Whitley, William

2014-01-01

38

National Museum of American History Branch Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subject concentration in the National Museum of American History Branch Library, a part of Smithsonian Institution Libraries system, is in the history of science and technology and American history, with emphasis on material culture and on documenting and servicing the museum's collections. Special collections include trade literature and…

Ratner, Rhoda S.

1986-01-01

39

Contributions of Black Americans, Indian Americans, Mexican Americans and Asian Americans to American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher resource guide for grades K through 12 was developed by a multi ethnic committee of educators to comply with the California Education code. "Instruction in the social sciences shall include the early history of California and a study of the role and contributions of American Negroes, American Indians, Mexicans, and other ethnic groups…

Santa Clara County Office of Education, San Jose, CA.

40

A review of recent American military space operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The United States (US) Department of Defense (DOD) has launched a large number of satellites into Earth orbit during the past five and a half years. These range from highly classified signals intelligence and imaging satellites to more mundane scientific and experimental microsats. This period saw a dramatic overhaul in operations due to the Challenger and other launch disasters. Many of these resources were used during the war in the Persian Gulf, which highlighted some of the limitations of current systems. A significant amount of new information has emerged in recent years due to the changing political situation, leading to this general overview of American military satellite programs during this period using unclassified and declassified sources as well as informed specculation. It is primarily a review of space operations and technical developments rather than the policy and doctrine that drives them.

Day, Dwayne A.

1993-12-01

41

The Automobile in American History History 392  

E-print Network

" and women and history and sources #12;2 Also browse subject headings and look for these special subject terms. Women--United States--History--Sources Women--United States--Social conditions period: Advertising

Abolmaesumi, Purang

42

Teaching American History in a Global Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive resource is an invaluable aid for adding a global dimension to students' understanding of American history. It includes a wide range of materials from scholarly articles and reports to original syllabi and ready-to-use lesson plans to guide teachers in enlarging the frame of introductory American history courses to an…

Guarneri; Carl, Ed.; Davis, James, Ed.

2008-01-01

43

American Association for the History of Nursing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for the History of Nursing (AAHN) website provides a wealth of resources -- such as online exhibits and subject bibliographies -- for persons interested in the history of nursing. The site also offers an annotated Internet link index to resources on nursing history. Overall, the AAHN website is a good resource for persons interested in medical history, as well as for nursing students taking courses on their professionâ??s history.

44

Perspectives in the History of Military Education and Professionalism. The Harmon Memorial Lectures in Military History, Number Twenty-two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military professionalism began developing with the creation of professional officer corps in Prussia, France, and Britain during the 19th century. Prussia had a system that focused on practical military qualifications and promoted social discrimination. In contrast, the French system placed heavy emphasis on competition and had officials that…

Preston, Richard A.

45

Jews in American History: A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains discussion questions, student activities, and lists of resource materials which a teacher can use to include American Jewish history in secondary United States history courses. The book concentrates on those aspects of Jewish history which offer material with which to illuminate many important general themes and concepts.…

Ruderman, Jerome

46

The return of the American military to crewed spaceflight: Hypersonic and other visions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1950s, crewed spaceflight has been the province of NASA, a decision reaffirmed in the 1960s with the cancellation of all military projects which might have competed. That understanding has driven American space policy since that time despite the fact that the military has not given up its dream of crewed spaceflight. Over the past decade, that division of

Roger Handberg; Joan Johnson-Freese

1997-01-01

47

Native American History, ca. 1450-1900  

Microsoft Academic Search

(Note: The official, up-to-date syllabus for this course is online at http:\\/\\/www.oberlin.edu\\/history\\/GJK\\/H325F06\\/.) This course approaches Native American experience from a sympathetic yet unromantic cultural perspective. We begin with the premise that Native Americans were active agents in producing their history both before and after the European invasion of North America--not just victims of white oppression and\\/or abstract social forces. Topics

Gary J. Kornblith

2006-01-01

48

From Time Immemorial: Native American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a history of Native American studies, focusing on Native Americans in North America, and includes an annotated bibliography for library collection development under the headings of reference works, before the Europeans, Indian-White relations, videos, and Web resources. (LRW)

Burch, John R.

2002-01-01

49

OSU-N History Department Faculty: Dr. James Weeks  

E-print Network

American History Dr. Brian Kennedy Modern American History Dr. A. Harding Ganz European and Military, Women's and Native American History Dr. Richard Shiels American Colonial and Religious History ThanksOSU-N History Department Faculty: Dr. James Weeks Early American History Dr. Alcira Dueñas Latin

50

Teaching Military History--Why and How: A History Institute for Teachers. Footnotes. Volume 12, Number 23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 29-30, 2007, FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education presented a weekend of discussion on "Teaching Military History: Why and How" for 35 teachers from 22 states across the country. The institute was held at the First Division Museum in Wheaton, Illinois and co-sponsored by the Cantigny First Division Foundation.…

Kuehner, Trudy

2007-01-01

51

Teaching United States History with the Great American History Machine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Great American History Machine (GAHM) software, stating that it is a powerful tool for interactively accessing and exploring county-level census and election data. Outlines a course at Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh) in which GAHM was used and concludes that the software enables students to approach historical problems…

Miller, David W.; Modell, John

1988-01-01

52

Military Spending and Economic Well-Being in the American States: The Post-Vietnam War Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using growth curve modeling techniques, this research investigates whether military spending improved or worsened the economic well-being of citizens within the American states during the post-Vietnam War period. We empirically test the military Keynesianism claim that military spending improves the economic conditions of citizens through its use…

Borch, Casey; Wallace, Michael

2010-01-01

53

Native American History, ca. 1450-1900  

Microsoft Academic Search

(The official, up-to-date syllabus for this course is online at http:\\/\\/www.oberlin.edu\\/faculty\\/gkornbl\\/H325F09\\/.) This course approaches Native American experience from a sympathetic yet unromantic cultural perspective. We begin with the premise that Native Americans were active agents in producing their history both before and after the European invasion of North America--not just victims of white oppression and\\/or abstract social forces. Topics include

Gary J. Kornblith

2009-01-01

54

PTSD in Military Veterans: History, Evolution, and Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that 30% of men and women who have served in war zones will develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet, it is still a topic that is not fully understood or supported by American civilian culture. PTSD has, historically, been called many things, including malingering, shell shock, and battle fatigue and has greatly evolved as a psychiatric diagnosis.

Christine Albain

2012-01-01

55

Information Structure in Military History: An Application of Computer-Assisted Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report analyzes the course content of Army ROTC Military History, and reports the results of an experimental investigation into the psychological interdependencies among different levels of information. The study also presents two methods of computer-assisted instruction used to teach the principles of war. (Author)

Lee, Richard R.

56

Reconstructing Native American Population History  

PubMed Central

The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved1–5. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred via a single6–8 or multiple streams of migration from Siberia9–15. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly understood. To address these questions at higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups genotyped at 364,470 single nucleotide polymorphisms. We show that Native Americans descend from at least three streams of Asian gene flow. Most descend entirely from a single ancestral population that we call “First American”. However, speakers of Eskimo-Aleut languages from the Arctic inherit almost half their ancestry from a second stream of Asian gene flow, and the Na-Dene-speaking Chipewyan from Canada inherit roughly one-tenth of their ancestry from a third stream. We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. A major exception is in Chibchan-speakers on both sides of the Panama Isthmus, who have ancestry from both North and South America. PMID:22801491

Reich, David; Patterson, Nick; Campbell, Desmond; Tandon, Arti; Mazieres, Stéphane; Ray, Nicolas; Parra, Maria V.; Rojas, Winston; Duque, Constanza; Mesa, Natalia; García, Luis F.; Triana, Omar; Blair, Silvia; Maestre, Amanda; Dib, Juan C.; Bravi, Claudio M.; Bailliet, Graciela; Corach, Daniel; Hünemeier, Tábita; Bortolini, Maria-Cátira; Salzano, Francisco M.; Petzl-Erler, María Luiza; Acuña-Alonzo, Victor; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Tusié-Luna, Teresa; Riba, Laura; Rodríguez-Cruz, Maricela; Lopez-Alarcón, Mardia; Coral-Vazquez, Ramón; Canto-Cetina, Thelma; Silva-Zolezzi, Irma; Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos; Contreras, Alejandra V.; Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo; Gómez-Vázquez, María José; Molina, Julio; Carracedo, Ángel; Salas, Antonio; Gallo, Carla; Poletti, Giovanni; Witonsky, David B.; Alkorta-Aranburu, Gorka; Sukernik, Rem I.; Osipova, Ludmila; Fedorova, Sardana; Vasquez, René; Villena, Mercedes; Moreau, Claudia; Barrantes, Ramiro; Pauls, David; Excoffier, Laurent; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rothhammer, Francisco; Dugoujon, Jean Michel; Larrouy, Georges; Klitz, William; Labuda, Damian; Kidd, Judith; Kidd, Kenneth; Rienzo, Anna Di; Freimer, Nelson B.; Price, Alkes L.; Ruiz-Linares, Andrés

2013-01-01

57

Reconstructing Native American population history.  

PubMed

The peopling of the Americas has been the subject of extensive genetic, archaeological and linguistic research; however, central questions remain unresolved. One contentious issue is whether the settlement occurred by means of a single migration or multiple streams of migration from Siberia. The pattern of dispersals within the Americas is also poorly understood. To address these questions at a higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups genotyped at 364,470 single nucleotide polymorphisms. Here we show that Native Americans descend from at least three streams of Asian gene flow. Most descend entirely from a single ancestral population that we call 'First American'. However, speakers of Eskimo-Aleut languages from the Arctic inherit almost half their ancestry from a second stream of Asian gene flow, and the Na-Dene-speaking Chipewyan from Canada inherit roughly one-tenth of their ancestry from a third stream. We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. A major exception is in Chibchan speakers on both sides of the Panama isthmus, who have ancestry from both North and South America. PMID:22801491

Reich, David; Patterson, Nick; Campbell, Desmond; Tandon, Arti; Mazieres, Stéphane; Ray, Nicolas; Parra, Maria V; Rojas, Winston; Duque, Constanza; Mesa, Natalia; García, Luis F; Triana, Omar; Blair, Silvia; Maestre, Amanda; Dib, Juan C; Bravi, Claudio M; Bailliet, Graciela; Corach, Daniel; Hünemeier, Tábita; Bortolini, Maria Cátira; Salzano, Francisco M; Petzl-Erler, María Luiza; Acuña-Alonzo, Victor; Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos; Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel; Tusié-Luna, Teresa; Riba, Laura; Rodríguez-Cruz, Maricela; Lopez-Alarcón, Mardia; Coral-Vazquez, Ramón; Canto-Cetina, Thelma; Silva-Zolezzi, Irma; Fernandez-Lopez, Juan Carlos; Contreras, Alejandra V; Jimenez-Sanchez, Gerardo; Gómez-Vázquez, Maria José; Molina, Julio; Carracedo, Angel; Salas, Antonio; Gallo, Carla; Poletti, Giovanni; Witonsky, David B; Alkorta-Aranburu, Gorka; Sukernik, Rem I; Osipova, Ludmila; Fedorova, Sardana A; Vasquez, René; Villena, Mercedes; Moreau, Claudia; Barrantes, Ramiro; Pauls, David; Excoffier, Laurent; Bedoya, Gabriel; Rothhammer, Francisco; Dugoujon, Jean-Michel; Larrouy, Georges; Klitz, William; Labuda, Damian; Kidd, Judith; Kidd, Kenneth; Di Rienzo, Anna; Freimer, Nelson B; Price, Alkes L; Ruiz-Linares, Andrés

2012-08-16

58

Internationalizing the American History Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New programs promoting global or international education have been started all over the country. At Tidewater Community College (TCC) in Virginia, efforts to add an international dimension to the curriculum began in 1988, when 20 faculty members from the disciplines of psychology, sociology, economics, mathematics, history, English, and business…

Paquette, William

59

The West, the Environment, and American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizes that to understand the American West, one must realize the central importance of the environment to its inhabitants. Provides an overview of western environmental history. Discusses state and federal reclamation efforts, the role of public lands, and the growth of conservation and preservation movements. (KO)

Harvey, Mark W. T.

1988-01-01

60

American History Laboratory Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of an experimental project in American history which introduced to students the methods of historical investigation in specific historical areas through small group research rather than through the college survey course are described in this report. Discussed are (1) the course organization, consisting of two semester units in which…

Taylor, William R.

61

Situational or Personal: Interest in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of the study was to investigate how individuals with a stated interest in American history described their interest. Understanding interest and the factors influencing interest development in a particular content is important as personal interest has been described as "having a critical role in the learning and development of both…

Stewart, Victoria Caterina

2010-01-01

62

The Newspaper in the American History Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher guide contains 14 sample lesson plans based on issues faced throughout American history and still being headlined in today's newspaper. The lesson plans include exploration and National Pride, Jefferson and Hamilton, Checks and Balances, Supply and Demand, Presidential Impeachment, Voting Rights, Historical Analogies, Predictions and…

Newton, Richard F.; Sprague, Peter F.

63

A Structural View of American Educational History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Displays the components of the structuralist views of Levi-Strauss, Michel Foucault, and Thomas S. Kuhn; constructs a model for doing structuralist studies in educational research; and tests the model on the pragmatic/progressive period in American educational history. (Author/IRT)

Maxcy, Spencer J.

1977-01-01

64

C-SPAN: American History TV  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

C-SPAN offers a variety of thematic programs, and their American History TV runs every weekend for most of the day and into the late evening. The programs offer up conversations with authors and historians, along with first person accounts of American history. Visitors can use this site to view their programming, and the homepage includes a complete schedule of past and upcoming programs, along with featured interviews. Some of the recent features have included interviews with former Representative Dan Rostenkowski, Senator Bob Dole, and Frank Yamasaki, a Japanese-American who was interned at the Minidoka Relocation Center in Idaho during World War II. Moving on, visitors can also take advantage of the "Web Resources" area, which includes links to the U.S. Congress homepage, the Supreme Court, and legislative bodies around the world.

65

Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As one might expect, the University of Oklahoma has a tremendous amount of material related to the history of the American West. One particularly noteworthy collection in their holdings is the Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History. The digital version of this collection provides historians and others with access to hundreds of interview transcripts from the period 1967 to 1972. These interviews were conducted with Indians across Oklahoma regarding the cultures and histories of their different nations and tribes. Visitors can read these documents for insights into customs, social conditions, philosophies, and ceremonies. Begin by browsing through an alphabetical list of all the interviews, or visitors may also wish to perform a full-text search across all the transcripts.

66

Natural History Guide to American Samoa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Park Service offers this incredibly extensive guide to the marine and wildlife resources of American Samoa, written by and reflecting the research of eight biologists at the Department of Marine and Wildlife Resources of National Park of American Samoa and the Land Grant Program at the American Samoa Community College. The guide, which may be viewed online or downloaded, covers dozens of topics related to Samoa's marine and terrestrial environments, including coral bleaching, sharks, humpback whales, flying foxes, invasive and agricultural pests, bird checklists, and much more. The Web site also provides local facts and area maps. Well-designed and full of colorful photographs, the Natural History Guide to American Samoa is definitely worth a look.

Craig, P.

67

American Indian History and Related Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This excellent site offers a number of documentary resources on American Indian History as well as annotated links to other sites with a similar focus. The highlights of the site are the collections of maps, drawings, other artwork and photographs documenting Native American experience. Particularly impressive is the Native American Experience section, which contains hundreds of "photographs, drawings, maps and short descriptions chronicling the experiences of the Native American population dating from the first migrations from Siberia (pre-1600) through recent experiences." Also of great historical interest is the Theodore De Bry Copper Plate Engravings collection, which features elaborate engravings with accompanying written descriptions (viewable in thumbnail or full-screen sizes) of Indian life as perceived by sixteenth-century European settlers.

68

Representing African American Women in U.S. History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the dearth of African American women in high school U.S. history textbooks. The authors conducted a content analysis of the images in an African American history textbook and found that black women are underrepresented. Women are found in less than 15 percent of the images in the African American history text, while they…

Schocker, Jessica B.; Woyshner, Christine

2013-01-01

69

A Composite Counterstorytelling: Memoirs of African American Military Students in Hawaii Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are social, educational and behavioral problems for African American students in Hawaii public schools. Utilizing Critical Race Theory as a lens for analysis, the perceptions and experiences of these students regarding race, ethnic identity, military lineage, and self-definition are addressed. A composite counterstory of the researcher's and…

Hairston, Kimetta R.

2010-01-01

70

From Colony to Country: A Reader's Guide to Canadian Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the National Library of Canada and offered in both French and English, this new Website provides a comprehensive, annotated reader's guide to Canadian military history from uniforms and songs to battles and strategy. The guide lists history monographs, Websites, historic sites, oral histories, pictorial sources, fiction and drama, sources of genealogical and family history information, and much more. It is divided into four main headings -- General Section, Northwest Campaign, South African War, and World War I -- which in turn break down into more specific subheadings. The entries are up-to-date and helpfully annotated, and the sheer volume and scope of the materials appear to prove the site's contention that the perception of Canadians as an "unmilitary people" is belied by "an examination of . . . the participation of Canadians in military events ranging from rebellions within their borders to involvement in two world wars and numerous peacekeeping missions in all parts of the world." Note: the site is still under construction; presumably material relating to more recent military involvements will be posted soon.

71

www.cambridge.org/us/american-history American Labor and Economic  

E-print Network

www.cambridge.org/us/american-history American Labor and Economic Citizenship New Capitalism from. Offer expires 12/31/2013 20% OFF! #12;www.cambridge.org/us/american-history Praise for the Book "Mark resistance of marginalized and underrepresented groups (women, African Americans, and Mexican Americans

Tsien, Roger Y.

72

Lieutenant Colonel Robert L. Eichelberger and the American Military Intelligence Division in Siberia, 1919-1920  

E-print Network

. itary operated Eastern Russia. ColonsI. E jchalbsrgar's intsllicenca reports reveal, in concise detail, the diff jcultjea tha American military faced in daalino with two of her alljaa~ the Japanese military and the Russian Coaaacks~ This thesis... OF CONTENTS ~ ~ ~, ~, . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Vi LIST Of F'APS e ~ ~ e ~ e o ~ o e ~ ~ o e e ~ ~ ~ e t e Vii LHAPTER I. THE BEl;INNINl 5 ~ I I ~ JAPANESE AND COSSACK ACTIVITIES . ~ * IB I I I o ACTION AT THE SUCHAN t 'INES IV ~ THE ZEVSTVO COUl' e o a o a ~ ~ a...

Luckett, Judith Blodgett

1974-01-01

73

History 103.01 The American Soldier: A Social and Cultural History Spring 2012  

E-print Network

1 History 103.01 ­ The American Soldier: A Social and Cultural History Spring 2012 Tuesdays, and by arrangement in Carr 119 Course Overview: The American Soldier: A Social and Cultural History to critically evaluate past (and current) debates on the role of women and minority Americans within the armed

McShea, Daniel W.

74

Latin American Business History: Resources and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Starting in December 2007, a team of researchers at the Harvard Business School began interviewing 21 leading business practitioners from Argentina and Chile for their Latin American business history initiative. The hope is that these oral histories will serve as a valuable resource for research on the business history of these two countries since the 1960s. On this site, visitors can listen to the interviews (in Spanish) and also read transcripts in English. Each profile contains a brief biography of each businessperson, along with material on their service to their respective industry. Moving on, visitors can also look through the rest of the Baker Library Historical Collections, which include collection of Brazilian railroad company records and the photographic records of the United Fruit Company.

75

Documenting the American South: Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Telling the history of the American South is a complex process, and this wonderful collection from the University of North Carolina's Southern Oral History Program is an attempt to tell part of that story. This particular website brings together almost 500 oral history interviews collected over a period of many decades, and it has been made possible in part with funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. The collection has six primary themes, including "Charlotte", "Civil Rights", "Southern Politics", and "Piedmont Industrialization". On the homepage, visitors can read a brief summary of each theme, and after looking over each description they can browse around at their leisure or perform a keyword search across the interviews. Visitors shouldn't miss the "Piedmont Industrialization" area, as it provides some remarkable insights into the transformation from traditional industrial production (such as mill work) to agribusiness and financial services in the 20th century.

76

American Association for State and Local History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for State and Local History (AASLH) began in 1940, when the Conference of State and Local History disbanded and a new organization was created. The AASLH is headquartered in Nashville, TN, and provides services, leadership and innovative programs to history organizations large and small. The "National Initiatives" tab at the top of this website contains a link to the "Traveling Exhibits Clearinghouse" which will be of interest to visitors who work in history organizations. The Clearinghouse aims to "give the field of state and local history an easy online resource to advertise and search for traveling exhibits." Also in the National Incentives tab is a link to "Research" on enduring issues in the field of state and local history, such as the cultivation of world cultural heritage, government funding of museums, and the civic mission of schools. Visitors interested in learning about the behind-the-scenes of the Civil War 150 must check out the "Civil War Sesquicentennial" link, under the same tab as the Research link. Also, there are podcasts and a list of websites or contacts for the states involved in the commemoration.

77

Assessing the Factorial Structure of High School History Teachers' Perceptions on Teaching American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research reported in this paper was to develop a preliminary factorial structure of high school history teachers' perceptions on the most important elements of successful history teaching. The 54-item Teaching American History Perception and Behavior Questionnaire was developed and administered to high school American history

Liu, Yuanlong; Shen, Jianping; Warren, Wilson J.; Cowart, Lynne E.

2006-01-01

78

Assessing the factorial structure of high school history teachers’ perceptions on teaching American history  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the research reported in this paper was to develop a preliminary factorial structure of high school history teachers’ perceptions on the most important elements of successful history teaching. The 54?item Teaching American History Perception and Behavior Questionnaire was developed and administered to high school American history teachers in a Midwest state. Three hundred twenty?five teachers completed and

Yuanlong Liu; Jianping Shen; Wilson J. Warren; Lynne E. Cowart

2006-01-01

79

American Museum of Natural History: Science Bulletins  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These online bulletins, produced by the American Museum of Natural History, present the latest information about the natural world: developments in astronomy and astrophysics, Earth science, biology, ecology, and the environment, and medical and anthropological research. The Bulletins include feature stories, presented via videos, animated visualizations, and "snapshots"--interactive slide shows on scientific news topics. The site includes an educators' guide that offers suggestions on how to incorporate Science Bulletins into the classroom in alignment with National Science Education Standards. The Bulletins homepage features the most current stories and provides access to an archive of previous stories, organized by topic and type.

80

21H.101 American History to 1865, Fall 2005  

E-print Network

This course focuses on a basic history of American social, economic, and political development from the colonial period through the Civil War. The colonial heritages of Spanish and British America; the American Revolution ...

Maier, Pauline

81

76 FR 6519 - National African American History Month, 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...slowed the onward march of history and expansion of the American dream, African Americans braved bigotry and violence to organize schools, churches, and neighborhood organizations. Bolstered by strong values of faith and community, black...

2011-02-04

82

A Bicentennial Review of the Black Contribution to American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To illustrate the importance of black people in American history, specific individuals are identified who played major roles in the American Revolution, the War of 1812, exploration and pioneering, and science and technology. (AV)

Douglas, Ella D. Lewis

1976-01-01

83

American History and Art from New England  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students, teachers, and just about anyone with an interest in American history will find helpful resources at the Memorial Hall Museum Online, a village museum of 300-year-old Deerfield, Massachusetts. Features of the site include: the Digital Collection, a searchable database of over 1,000 artifacts selected from 70,000 in the Museum's holdings; In the Classroom, a collection of curriculum ideas for teachers; and the Turns of the Centuries exhibit. This exhibit presents images and artifacts on five broad themes: Family Life, Native American Indians, African Americans, Newcomers, and The Land. The exhibits span across three eras -- 1680-1720, 1780-1820, and 1880-1920. For example, in The Land 1880-1920, view a collection of posters and publicity from the agricultural fairs and expositions popular at that time. Photographs by Frances and Mary Allen are used as illustrations throughout the site. These photographs, produced between 1885 and 1920, are often romanticized visions of colonial times in New England but are nonetheless significant examples of Pictorial style photography. There is also an Activities section, with Scavenger Hunt, Dress Up, Make a Chronology, and a Tailor Your Visit pages. The latter suggests resources for teachers, researchers, and K-12 students.

84

Invasion history of North American Canada thistle, Cirsium arvense  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Invasion history of North American Canada thistle, Cirsium arvense Alessia thistle (Cirsium arvense ­ Cardueae, Asteraceae) is one of the worst invasive plants world-wide. Native modelling, Cirsium arvense, colonization history, Compositae, genetic bottleneck, invasive plant, multiple

Rieseberg, Loren

85

Suicidal Ideation and Mental Distress Among Adults With Military Service History: Results From 5 US States, 2010  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress in a probability-based sample of adults. Methods. We gathered 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 5 states that asked about past-year suicidal ideation. Military service was defined as current or former active-duty service or National Guard or Reserves service. We stratified analyses into 18 to 39 years, 40 to 64 years, and 65 years and older age groups and used multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusted for demographic confounders, to discern the association of military service history with past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. Results. Among the 26?736 respondents, 13.1% indicated military service history. After adjusting for several confounders, we found military history status among those aged 40 to 64 years was associated with both past-year suicidal ideation and past-30-days mental distress. We found no significant associations among the younger or older age groups. Conclusions. Differences in suicidal ideation between military and nonmilitary individuals may occur in midlife. Future research should examine the possibility of cohort effects, service era effects, or both. PMID:25100426

Gordon, Adam J.; Bossarte, Robert M.

2014-01-01

86

History of U.S. military contributions to the study of respiratory infections.  

PubMed

History reveals a tremendous impact of respiratory pathogens on the U.S. military, dating back to the time of the Revolutionary and Civil Wars, during which 90% of casualties were for nonbattle injury, including several respiratory illnesses such as measles, whooping cough, and complicated pneumonia. The devastating impact of the influenza pandemic at the end of World War I led to a more proactive approach to research into the etiologies and potential preventive measures for such diseases. The development of the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board, with its subordinate commissions, coincided with the massive mobilization for World War II. Efforts of the board during and after the war led to significant progress against many common pathogens, such as the landmark studies of group A Streptococcus among young trainees at Warren Air Force Base, which led to the development of highly effective prophylactic and therapeutic strategies to prevent rheumatic fever. Military pediatricians contributed greatly to this work, as well as subsequent investigations into both the pathogenesis of and prophylactic therapy for a variety respiratory pathogens, including pertussis and respiratory syncytial virus. The momentum of this work continues to this day, among researchers from all three military branches. PMID:15916285

Ottolini, Martin G; Burnett, Mark W

2005-04-01

87

American Museum of Natural History: Science Bulletins  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Going to the American Museum of Natural History is a pretty wonderful experience, but if you can't make it to the Upper West Side of New York on a regular basis, you can still keep in touch via their Science Bulletins. These online video features bring curious visitors the latest developments in the fields of astrophysics, human biology, biodiversity, and evolution. The Bulletins contain additional resource links, educator resources, and a guide designed specifically for science educators to help them incorporate the Bulletins into classroom work. All of the Bulletins are produced through the collaboration of in-house writers, producers, and designers. They are offered here in sections that include "Astro", "Earth", "Bio", and "Human", and visitors are welcome to browse through the full-features, visualizations, and snapshots.

88

American Women's History: A Research Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Greatly revised and expanded since its last Scout Report mention, (March 13, 1999) Ken Middleton's American Women's History: A Research Guide includes over 2100 citations to print and Internet sources and hundreds of links to digitized primary sources, as well as frequent updates and link checking to ensure the currency of cited resources. The Research Guide now consists of 4 main sections: an index to resources by subject, an index to resources by state, and two Tools sections offering guidance on finding primary sources (e.g. archival, manuscript, and museum collections, historical newspapers and periodicals), as well as secondary sources (e.g. books, articles, theses and dissertations). Some print resources listed under Marriage are bibliographies and historical overviews; examples of online materials are digital photo databases at the Los Angeles and Denver Public Libraries, that include images of weddings and marriage. Shortcuts to popular, quickly available, online resources are provided from the home page.

89

African Americans, U. S. History, and the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses changing views taken by contemporary history texts and courses of African-Americans, and other minorities. Warns that the subject of slavery can be an uncomfortable one to teach but needs to be addressed. Provides reviews of World Wide Web sites that provide a good overview of African-American history. (DSK)

Risinger, C. Frederick

1998-01-01

90

Sacred and Profane American History: Does It Exist in Textbooks?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tony Waters, a sociologist at California State University, Chico, has raised an interesting issue about the intellectual conflict some of his students experienced when they arrived on campus and enrolled in American history classes. He reported students were perplexed to find there were two kinds of American history--the version they learned in…

Henry, Michael

2011-01-01

91

AMERICAN FRONTIERS: CRITICAL HISTORIES WINTER 2006 SYLLABUS  

E-print Network

of American understanding and influenced several generations of American historians. Now, Native Americans and the colonizer, and focusing on culture, land and gender, we will examine the role of power and power relations, African Americans, Latinos and Asians; federal Indian policy and Native American experience in the West

92

75 FR 52318 - Presidential Academies for American History and Civics Education; Congressional Academies for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Presidential Academies for American History and Civics Education; Congressional Academies for Students of American History and Civics Education AGENCY: Office...Presidential Academies for American History and Civics Education, and 34 CFR...

2010-08-25

93

76 FR 9760 - Presidential Academies for Teaching of American History and Civics; Office of Innovation and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Presidential Academies for Teaching of American History and Civics; Office of Innovation and...Presidential Academies for Teaching of American History and Civics; Notice Inviting Applications...Presidential Academies for Teaching of American History and Civics (Presidential...

2011-02-22

94

75 FR 3449 - Office of Innovation and Improvement; Overview Information; Teaching American History Grant...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Overview Information; Teaching American History Grant Program; Notice Inviting Applications...Purpose of Program: The Teaching American History Grant (TAH) Program supports projects...and appreciation of traditional American history. Grant awards assist local...

2010-01-21

95

76 FR 43712 - Notice of Inventory Completion: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Completion: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...SUMMARY: The American Museum of Natural History has completed an inventory of human remains...contact the American Museum of Natural History. Repatriation of the human remains...

2011-07-21

96

Copyright American Museum of Natural History 2004 ISSN 0003-0082 PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY  

E-print Network

forest. Region X, in the vicinity of Valdivia, is marked by 1 Division of Invertebrate Zoology, AmericanCopyright American Museum of Natural History 2004 ISSN 0003-0082 PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM Reserva Nacional Yerba Loca, near Santiago, IX Regio´n de la Araucania and X Regio´n de los Lagos, Chile

Siddall, Mark E.

97

Teaching and Learning African American History in a Multiracial Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author explores the challenges of teaching and learning African American history, a history fraught with uncomfortable implications about contemporary race relations and race-based inequalities. Drawing on various theories of anti-oppressive education, and using data from an ethnographic study conducted in one history classroom, the author…

Chikkatur, Anita

2013-01-01

98

From exclusion to acceptance: a case history of homosexuality in the U.S. Court of Military Appeals.  

PubMed

Policing the legality and normalcy of service members' sexual lives was a contentious process for military courts throughout the 1950s, 1960s, and early 1970s that resulted in the inconsistent enforcement of the homosexual exclusion policy. Military personnel of all ranks and occupations harbored a variety of attitudes and beliefs about homosexuality that challenged the legitimacy and uniformity of the military's legal assault on sexual deviance. Over half of the active duty personnel originally accused of homosexual tendencies received either sentence reductions or sentence reversals as a result of this highly contested process by which official military policy was translated into practice via courts-martial. Paradoxically, the very policies that discriminated against alleged homosexual service members generated legal avenues through which gays and lesbians exercised their rights to due process, and, ultimately, their rights as American citizens embodied in the repeal of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy. Rather than being an ideologically homophobic monolith, the Cold War American military rocked with contestation over an exclusion policy that attempted--unsuccessfully--to eliminate all gay and lesbian service members. PMID:23414272

Wilson-Buford, Kellie

2013-01-01

99

American Museum of Natural History: The Horse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The online exhibit that accompanied "The Horse" at American Museum of Natural History is quite informative and useful. Visitors who are not necessarily that interested in horses, may just be won over by this beautiful and educational online exhibit. The "Evolution of Horses" link explains how horses evolved from being multi-toed to single-toed, and how horses as small as a dog, and larger horses, coexisted. Visitors will find the "Horses and Hunters" link dispels the myth about the hunting tactic of Ice Age people that involved corralling the horses to the edge of a cliff and forcing them to jump off to their deaths. Visitors shouldn't miss the subcategories of "Horses and Hunters", as there is much information here, along with great photos of European cave paintings depicting horses. Horses appear more often than any other animal in European cave paintings. The "Epilogue" shows the influence of horses around the world, by showing toy horses from Afghanistan, India, Japan, Italy, Canada, and North America.

100

Proceedings of the Conference of the American Journalism Historians Association (Lawrence, Kansas, October 1-3, 1992). Part I: Journalism History before the Twentieth Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contain 18 papers on American journalism history before the 20th century. Papers in the proceedings are: "Military and Press Discord during the Civil War: Foreshadowing of Future Disputes" (Maury M. Breecher); "The Missouri Press Association: A Study of the Beginning Motivations, 1867-1876" (Stephen A. Banning); "The Detroit…

American Journalism Historians' Association.

101

1. Historic American Building Survey Thompson & West Illustrated History ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Building Survey Thompson & West Illustrated History of Sacramento Co. Drawing of 1880 Plan & Rephoto 1960 NORTHEAST CORNER AND GENERAL PLAN - Crocker Art Gallery, 216 O Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

102

Women Studies: Women in American History; HERstory-Changing Roles of American Women. Preliminary Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two draft courses of study together with some suggested learning activities are presented for initial tryout and experimentation: 1) Women's Studies - Women in American History; and 2) HIStory and HERstory: Changing Roles of the American Women. These experimental curriculum materials may serve as resource for an option, an alternative, an…

Millstein, Beth; And Others

103

Native American History in a Box: A New Approach to Teaching Native American Cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the Native American History in a Box curriculum which is designed to introduce elementary and middle-level students to Native American cultures. The curriculum consists of a five day unit addressing the following concepts pertaining to Native American Nations: settlements, tools, sustenance, pottery, and contact with Europeans. In addition, the development of the curriculum, the daily lessons, and

Emory C. Helms; Austin M. Hitt; Jason A. Schipper; Adam M. Jones

2010-01-01

104

Native American History in a Box: A New Approach to Teaching Native American Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Native American History in a Box curriculum which is designed to introduce elementary and middle-level students to Native American cultures. The curriculum consists of a five day unit addressing the following concepts pertaining to Native American Nations: settlements, tools, sustenance, pottery, and contact with…

Helms, Emory C.; Hitt, Austin M.; Schipper, Jason A.; Jones, Adam M.

2010-01-01

105

Women, Gender, and the Histories of American Geography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Histories of American geography have tended to concentrate on geographic thought and on the men who have been seen as major figures in research. In contrast, I examine the careers of women geographers and of professional practices in American geography in the 20th century. My approach reflects thinking in feminist studies and the social studies of science, which acknowledge the

Janice Monk

2004-01-01

106

"Workin' on the Railroad": African American Labor History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the spring of 2003, the author worked with a team of eighth grade teachers at Asheville Middle School in North Carolina on a project that combined fine art, music, the history of the railroads, and the African American experience in the state and nation. In her classroom, students interviewed a retired train conductor, who was African American,…

Maher, Rebecca

2004-01-01

107

History of the Journal of the American College of Toxicology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This companion article to the History of the American College of Toxicology also is written in celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the American College of Toxicology (ACT). It relates how the official journal of the College evolved from a privately owned publication, the Journal of Environmental Pathology and Toxicology (JEPT), into publications owned and managed by the College and

Mildred S. Christian

2004-01-01

108

The First Americans. A History of US. Book One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This history book traces the experiences of Native Americans from the time of their arrival from Asia to the end of the 16th century. The book includes readings on such communities as the cliff dewllers of the west, the Plains Indians, and the Mound Builders. There also are details of the Native Americans' early contacts with such European…

Hakim, Joy

109

Native American Studies 493: Yup'ik Culture & History  

E-print Network

Native American Studies 493: Yup'ik Culture & History in Tuntutuliak, ALASKA two orientation. Estimated cost of the trip, including airfare, is $1,675.00, excluding meals. Please contact the Native American Studies Department if you have any questions regarding this opportunity. Bonnie

Mohaghegh, Shahab

110

African American History as Depicted in Recently Published Children's Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exciting stories about African Americans in recently published historical fiction books for children concern Pea Island Life-Station, a private school for African American girls, a biracial slave, a black woman who homesteads for land in 1889, and an orphan who travels on his own to Flint, Michigan, during the Depression. Much of this history

Lamme, Linda Leonard; Astengo, Be; Lowery, Ruth McCoy; Masla, Diane; Russo, Roseanne; Savage, Debbie; Shelton, Nancy Rankie

2002-01-01

111

African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected History  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a

Loretta J. Ross

1992-01-01

112

African-American Women and Abortion: A Neglected History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of African-American women's efforts to control their fertility is largely unknown. From slavery to the present, the growth rate of the African-American population has been cut in half. Demographers and historians frequently attribute this change to external factors such as poverty, disease, and coerced birth control, rather than the deliberate agency of African-American women. This essay assembles a

Co-Founder Loretta J. Ross

1992-01-01

113

Promoting Health During the American Occupation of Japan The Public Health Section, Kyoto Military Government Team, 1945-1949  

PubMed Central

During the American occupation of Japan (1945–1952), young public health officers from the US Army Medical Corps were posted in local US Army military government teams. These young doctors (aged 25 to 27 years), who had not absorbed the strong anti-Japanese tradition of the US military during World War II, seem to have alleviated the initial resentment felt by the Japanese toward the new governors of their homeland. The case of the Kyoto Military Government Team illustrates the Kyoto citizenry’s positive view of some American-directed public health measures. The team’s services helped to counter widely held negative views on colonialism, occupation, and public health; lessened resentment toward the unilateral command structure of the occupation forces; and contributed to improved relations between the United States and Japan at the local level. PMID:18235076

Nishimura, Sey

2008-01-01

114

The Negro in American History: A Series of Episodes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's kit contains a series of lessons on black history that can be integrated into regular 8th- and 11th-grade American history courses. Each lesson includes a student card containing basic reading material, with appropriate activities, and a teacher card providing additional information and/or suggestions for class discussion. Although…

Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

115

Mapping Early American History: Beyond What Happened Where  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American history demands to be mapped. The stories of exploration, the colonies, the Louisiana Purchase, and so on are incomplete without maps to locate historical places, events, and conflicts. Yet maps can do more for the history teacher than simply illustrating what happened where or what territory was acquired when. Maps also provide clues…

Milson, Andrew J.

2014-01-01

116

History of the American West, 1860-1920  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new release from the Library of Congress (LOC) American Memory collection features over 30,000 photographs from the holdings of the Western History and Genealogy Department at Denver Public Library. Taken mostly between 1860 and 1920, the photos document multiple facets of American western history. The collection may be searched by keyword or browsed by subject or name. Special features include exhibits on Native American Women; L.C. McLure and Denver, the City Beautiful; and the 10th Mountain Division, ski and mountain troops trained in Colorado who saw action in Italy.

117

Opportunities for School Psychologists Working with Children of Military Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's military families are a diverse, resilient group of brave Americans, and the country owes them a tremendous debt of gratitude. To date, over 2 million service members have been deployed in support of the Global War on Terrorism, many for multiple tours. For the first time in the country's history, there are more military dependents…

Sherman, Michelle D.; Glenn, Marshall Andrew

2011-01-01

118

Copyright American Museum of Natural History 2002 ISSN 0003-0082 PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY  

E-print Network

Copyright American Museum of Natural History 2002 ISSN 0003-0082 PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM region is highly pneumatized, and a large recess continues posteriorly from the narial region to invade to the otic region and anteriorly with the frontoparietal space. The otic recess is unusually shallow

Clark, James M.

119

3 CFR 8627 - Proclamation 8627 of February 1, 2011. National African American History Month, 2011  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...to African Americans, but African Americans would not let their dreams be denied. Though Jim Crow segregation slowed the onward march of history and expansion of the American dream, African Americans braved bigotry and violence to...

2012-01-01

120

Women in Military Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American women have participated in and made significant contributions to the defense of this nation during both war and peace times. Their contributions, however, have gone largely unacknowledged and unrewarded. The history of women serving in defense of our nation began more than 220 years ago with women who served in the American Revolution and continues with those who serve today. The Women's Memorial Web site is dedicated to recognizing the achievements of women who have served in the military and also honors other women who have served in direct support of the US armed forces, particularly during times of war or conflict. The site offers historical data on valiant women who served in America's military as well as educational resources for teachers and students. It also provides information on how to plan a trip to the Women's Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery, where the women who have served in this country's armed forces are individually and collectively honored.

121

Mental health of Asian American and Pacific Islander military veterans: brief review of an understudied group.  

PubMed

The mental health of American military soldiers and veterans is of widespread concern; yet, there has been no prior review of studies on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) veterans. This article provides a brief, but comprehensive review of the mental health of AAPI veterans. An exhaustive literature search was conducted using the major medical and mental health literature databases. Of 13 identified articles, nine were empirical studies on either post-traumatic stress disorder among AAPI Vietnam veterans or health functioning of AAPI veterans based on national veteran surveys. Findings from these studies showed that some AAPI veterans who served during the Vietnam War encountered racism from fellow soldiers and race-related stressors were associated with more severe post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. As a group, AAPI veterans were found to be physically healthier than other veterans, but reported poorer mental health and were less likely to use mental health services. However, these findings were limited by the paucity of studies on AAPI veterans and suggest a need for more research on this subpopulation. PMID:23198528

Tsai, Jack; Kong, Grace

2012-11-01

122

Social Representations of American History and Academic Engagement and Performance of African American Students  

E-print Network

Previous research has shown that social representations of one’s social groups can influence academic outcomes for racial and ethnic minority students in the United States. Other research has found that representations of American history have...

Thai, Luyen T.

2014-04-29

123

Spiritual Histories and Native Americans: A Mixed Method Validation Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although spirituality plays a central role in health and wellness for many Native Americans, surprisingly few spiritual assessment tools have been validated with this population. This mixed-method study modifies an existing spiritual assessment tool—spiritual histories—that may be particularly congruent with Native American culture. Using a sample of recognized experts in Native culture (N = 50), the study identifies: (a) the

David R. Hodge; Gordon E. Limb

2009-01-01

124

Indian Peace Medals in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Silver medals played an important role in American Indian policy for more than a century. Following a practice of the French, Spanish, and British in the New World, the United States government presented Indian peace medals to important chiefs and warriors as symbols of attachment to the new nation. In addition, the medals were marks of rank…

Prucha, Francis Paul

125

Bibliography of the History of American Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extensive bibliography by University of Wisconsin-Madison professor emeritus Jurgen Herbst covers the historical literature of American education. It is organized in four sections: General Works, The Colonial Period, From Revolution to Reconstruction, and America in the Urban Age, with each section subdivided into thematic lists of scholarly, historical journals, and government reports. A smattering of the many topics includes Government, The Courts, and Education; Racial Minorities and Education; The Education of Women; Americanization: The Response to Immigration; Youth, the Arts, and Psychoanalysis; Nineteenth Century Pedagogy; and Teachers and Teaching. One might wish for additional features such as annotations and/or the ability to search across these topics, but the scope of this compilation is impressive.

Herbst, Jurgen.

126

A Brief History of American Drug Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the history of drug control in the United States from the extensive consumption of opium, heroin, and cocaine before World War I to the popularity of marijuana and LSD during the 1960s. Discusses public concern over drug use that seems to peak following periods of widespread drug use that is linked to foreign influences. (DK)

Musto, David F.

1991-01-01

127

The Federalist Era. SSEC American History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit on the Federalist era of U.S. history examines some of the issues that have endured from the earliest days of the nation to the present: free speech, the right to rebel, foreign policy, the balance of federal and state authority, and the relative importance of various constituencies. Student understanding of such issues develops through…

Ladenburg, Thomas

128

African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Headquartered at Amherst College, the African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project (AARDOC) was founded in 1987. The goal of the project is "to produce a comprehensive history of African-American religion." The history is scheduled to be published in a print edition by the University of Chicago Press later in 2010, and the authors of the project have created this site to bring a selection of these materials to the attention of educators and students. The "Advice for Beginners" section contains a brief description of external reference works of note, and then visitors can make their way through brief outlines of different phases in African-American religious history in areas like "Atlantic World" and "Global Phase". The "Sample Documents" area is a real treat, as it features primary documents that tell the story of Billy Sunday's interactions with African-Americans and the 1822-1823 journal of Betsey Stockton, who joined a company of missionaries as they set sail for the Sandwich (Hawaii) Islands. The site is rounded out by a selection of teaching resources, including syllabi for undergraduate and graduate courses.

Wills, David W.

129

History of Science Web Resources at American Institute of Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Center for History of Physics and the associated Niels Bohr Library & Archives at the American Institute of Physics were pioneers in web resource development for education and for research in the 1990s. While these units of AIP continue to add significantly to the traditional ways of putting content before the public, they are also experimenting with blogs and

G. A. Good

2009-01-01

130

2. Historic American Building Survey History of Sacramento County Thompson ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Building Survey History of Sacramento County Thompson & West Illustration Original 1880 Rephoto 1960 N.W. Corner of 3rd + P ST., SOUTH HOUSE (Property of Mrs. E.B. Crocker, 3rd & P St.) - Crocker Art Gallery, 216 O Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

131

A History and Foundation of American Indian Education Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational system in Montana is not working for its American Indian students. Dropout rates continue to be extremely high, standardized tests scores are mostly below the state benchmark, curriculum and instruction are not oriented toward promoting Indian culture and history, and the local Board of Trustee system still does not promote…

Juneau, Stan

132

A Marketing History of American Pewter and its Competitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a marketing history of American pewter and the materials with which it once competed. Pewter was popular from colonial times through the early 1800s, when sales peaked, but then commenced a sharp decline. By 1880, the industry had virtually disappeared. This article describes how this occurred, explains why, and offers some implications for marketing thought.

Terrence H. Witkowski

1994-01-01

133

Patriotism and Parochialism: Why Teach American Jewish History, and How?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author focuses on these questions: why is American Jewish history worthy of being "taught"? And what purpose should such teaching serve? Philosophical questions such as these are important because topics of study are not self-justifying, and asking the questions--questions that must be pursued through conceptual inquiry,…

Levisohn, Jon A.

2004-01-01

134

American History: A Drama of Sweep and Majesty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that while U.S. history is often viewed as "thin and provincial gruel," it is, in fact, a tremendous drama where great issues of human existence come to life (e.g., the proper means and ends of liberty, order, individuality, material prosperity, technology, and democracy). Discusses American myths and narratives, noting disagreements over…

McClay, Wilfred M.

2002-01-01

135

Exploring 350 Years of Jewish American History on the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent Library of Congress exhibition, From Haven to Home: 350 Years of Jewish Life in America, has sparked renewed interest in the history of Jews in the United States. The collection featured more than 200 documents, images, and artifacts that chronicle the Jewish American experience. In exhibit from September through December 2004, From…

Berson, Michael J.; Cruz, Barbara C.

2005-01-01

136

77 FR 5375 - National African American History Month, 2012  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...History Month, we pay tribute to the contributions of past generations and reaffirm our commitment to keeping the American dream alive for the next generation. In honor of those women and men who paved the way for us, and with great expectations for...

2012-02-03

137

78 FR 8347 - National African American History Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...America A Proclamation In America, we share a dream that lies at the heart of our founding...for much of our Nation's history, that dream has gone unfulfilled. For African Americans, it was a dream denied until 150 years ago, when a...

2013-02-06

138

American Indians in Higher Education: A History of Cultural Conflict.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of American Indian participation in higher education is chronicled from the seventeenth century to the present, and challenges for the future are discussed briefly. Issues addressed include early colonial experiments, tribal resistance and support, use of education as assimilation, federal efforts, tribal colleges, and current…

Wright, Bobby; Tierney, William G.

1991-01-01

139

United States History in the Secondary School. American People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of the series described in SO 000 378. When the student of American History seeks beneath the surface of the Dream of the Golden Door, the story he unearths is often one of prejudice, bigotry, and quiet tragedy. For the sake of relevance, the specific objectives of this unit y are: 1) to study the student's ancestors and their struggle…

Point Pleasant Beach Board of Education, NJ.

140

The American Council on Education for Journalism: An Accrediting History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was the purpose of this study to present an evolutionary history of the American Council on Education for Journalism (ACEJ) and to draw some conclusions about some issues now facing the council. Data for the study came from minutes of councils and associations involved in journalism accrediting, personal files, interviews, and other sources.…

Conn, Earl Lewis

141

Smithsonian National Museum of American History: Behring Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian Institution in 1997 created a homepage for the National Museum of American History. The site's five main sections include: Virtual Exhibitions, currently hosting exhibits on American Wine; the history of Tool Chests; World War II Home Front Posters; and a Centennial Salute to Cinema. Not Just for Kids features web versions of hands-on activities from the museum. Visitors can go to the Music Room for information on American music resources, consult an illustrated Timeline for links to information on highlighted events, and guess the identity of a pictured invention in the What Is It? section. General visitor information and teaching resources are offered, and the Collections, Scholarship, and Research, section contains contact information for scholars and students who wish to use the Museum's archival resources.

142

77 FR 11567 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...SUMMARY: The American Museum of Natural History, in consultation with the appropriate...contact the American Museum of Natural History. DATES: Representatives of any...

2012-02-27

143

Law "In" and "As" History: The Common Law in the American Polity, 17901900  

E-print Network

587 Law "In" and "As" History: The Common Law in the American Polity, 1790­1900 Kunal M. Parker* Introduction: Law "In" and "As" History..................................................................587 The Common Law in the American Polity: 1790­1900...........................................594 Conclusion

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

144

Amistad Digital Resource for Teaching African American History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based out of Columbia University, the Amistad Digital Resource for Teaching African American History was created with a goal of helping teachers present a more inclusive representation of American history within K-12 social studies curriculum. Housing rare and iconic photographs, audio recordings, news clips, and excerpts of oral history interviews, the site consists of three Modules: Plantation to Ghetto, Civil Rights Era, and The Future in the Present. Section one of Plantation to Ghetto documents the end of Reconstruction in the South and Jim Crow laws. From here, visitors can read a descriptive narrative, review related documents, and even view a short film clip from NBC on Jim Crow Laws in the South. Visitors may peruse each module for a desired era or event, or search the archive by Key Figure, Organization and Institution, Images, Videos, or Documents.

2009-01-01

145

Teaching White Students Black History: The African-American Experience in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many white students are barely exposed to African-American history throughout their schooling. When students do examine the other side of American history, the one not generally found in their textbooks, they often wonder why they have not learned this before. An understanding of African-American history is central to any effort to eliminate…

Burrell, Leon F.; Walsh, Robert L.

2001-01-01

146

Cocaine's history, especially the American experience.  

PubMed

The history of cocaine in America can be traced to the late 19th century. After the discovery of its physiological and psychological effects, cocaine figured in consumables as diverse as hay fever remedies, local anaesthetics and soft drinks. The development of its different usages as well as eventual control of its use through restrictive legislation followed a different pattern in America from that in Europe. In the United States, national laws to control drugs faced constitutional obstacles until the era of World War I. Initially acclaimed as an ideal tonic, within two decades of its introduction in the mid 1880s cocaine was perceived as an extremely dangerous drug. By the 1930s cocaine had declined in use and in the 1960s, when it gradually emerged again, almost no public memory existed of the earlier 'epidemic'. Once again this substance evolved into a threatening and seductive hazard with some similarities to the earlier episode. PMID:1638922

Musto, D F

1992-01-01

147

Throwaway History: The Broadside in American Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although broadsides may seem like a thing of the past, this Tennessee Virtual Archive mentions they are used still to this day, and have broadsides in their collection that are from the 1980s. Visitors should go to the "About the Collection" link to read some background on what broadsides were used for and how they were distributed. The information disseminated via broadsides was varied, including everything from a recruitment announcement to help fight the Creek Indians in Tennessee to a lecture on the perils of school desegregation to a promotion for an African-American radio station--the very one where Oprah Winfrey got her start. Visitors can view the 90 digitized broadsides by clicking on the "View Collection Images" link. A thumbnail of the broadside is given, along with the title, subjects, and description. Visitors can sort the images by the aforementioned categories simply by clicking the desired heading. Visitors should check out the very well-illustrated broadside, "Columbia Gives to Her Son the Accolade of the New Chivalry of Humanity, World War I", which is dedicated to a fallen soldier. The Historical Note in the full record explains when and how broadsides were used to memorialize fallen soldiers.

148

Heard Museum: American Indian Art and History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1929, the Heard Museum was founded by early Phoenix settlers Dwight B. and Maie Bartlett Heard. The focus of the museum then and now was "to educate people about the arts, heritage and life ways of the Indigenous peoples of the Americas, with an emphasis on American Indian tribes of the Southwest." On the website, visitors can learn about the museum's collections, upcoming programs, and volunteer opportunities. The site contains a number of thematic areas, including Events, Library, and Explore Art. One area that should not be missed is the Featured Documentaries. Here visitors can learn about the museum's public art projects, archaeological efforts, and concerts. The Current Exhibitions area contains highlights from recent offerings, such as Native People in the Southwest and Chocolate, Chili & Cochineal: Changing Taste Around the World. Finally, the link to the Library is a real treat. The digital collections here cover the Heard Museum Indian Fairs and Markets, the storied Fred Harvey Company, and a wide selection of elaborate beadwork items.

149

National Museum of American History: Surveying and Geodesy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Museum of American History Virtual Exhibition Web Site (last mentioned in the November 16, 2001 Scout Report) presents another interesting collection. The Surveying and Geodesy instruments site "reflect[s] the importance of these activities in America since the first European colonists settled here some 400 years ago and turned the American landscape into property." The 250 instruments within the collection are organized by maker and by instruments. Each instrument link contains a picture (if available), inscriptions, dimensions, a description, and any other available information. This simple but well done site offers a unique and educational look into this historically significant field.

150

Documenting the American South: Oral Histories of the American South  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Documenting the American South project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has created a number of very fine online exhibits and digital collections over the years, and this recent addition certainly follows in that tradition. Working with funds provided by the Institute of Museum and Library Services, this pilot project includes 21 interviews related to environmental transformations that have changed the lives of North Carolinians over the period 1985 to 2000. Visitors to the site can browse the collection by interviewee, interviewer, and also learn a bit more about how the collection was created. The interviews are quite distinctive, and include commentaries on the ways in which the construction of a major freeway affected daily lives and another set of participants describe their stories of survival after Hurricane Floyd came through the eastern part of the state. One nice touch on the site is that visitors can download the complete audio file of each interview or just listen online while following along with a complete text transcript.

151

Examining Treatment-Seeking College Students with and without Military Experience and Trauma Histories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of veterans are returning from war, many with mental health problems. Some of these returning veterans will enroll in college, and it is important that campus counseling centers can meet the needs of this population. This study examined psychological distress among students with and without military experience. Results…

Johnson, Matthew C.; Graceffo, James M.; Hayes, Jeffrey A.; Locke, Benjamin D.

2014-01-01

152

Keeping Current. African American History Month--More than Book Reports!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mention the observance of African American History Month and the name Carter G. Woodson immediately comes to mind. Woodson, an educator, publisher, and historian, initiated the "Negro History Week" observance in 1926. Known as the "Father of Black History," Woodson believed that it was important for African Americans to know their history in…

O'Neal, Anita J.

2005-01-01

153

Wilderness: the history, significance and promise of an American value  

E-print Network

for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2008 Major Subject: Philosophy WILDERNESS: THE HISTORY, SIGNIFICANCE AND PROMISE OF AN AMERICAN VALUE A Dissertation by DAVID GRAHAM HENDERSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, John J. McDermott Committee Members, Gary Varner Theodore George Amanda Stronza Head of Department...

Henderson, David Graham

2009-05-15

154

National Museum of American History: Stories of Freedom and Justice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1960, a group of four African American men sat at the lunch counter in the Woolworth's store in Greensboro, North Carolina and refused to leave when asked. It was an important moment in the growing civil rights movement, and it is the event which serves as the inspiration for this site created by the National Museum of American History. The theme of the site is "Freedom and Justice", and the site contains a frequently updated blog, webcasts, news updates, and an event calendar. Visitors who are unfamiliar with the Greensboro Sit-Ins may wish to look at a collection of images from that fateful day. In the webcasts area, visitors can watch archived programs like "Lincoln, Race and the American Presidency" and "Portrait of Invention: A Conversation with Lester Brown". In the "Learning Resources" area educators can take advantage of a 22-minute instructional video and several lesson plans and activities.

155

Dengue and US Military Operations from the Spanish–American War through Today  

PubMed Central

Dengue is a major cause of illness among travelers and a threat to military troops operating in areas to which it is endemic. Before and during World War II, dengue frequently occurred in US military personnel in Asia and the South Pacific. From the 1960s into the 1990s, dengue often occurred in US troops in Vietnam, the Philippines, Somalia, and Haiti. We found attack rates as high as 80% and periods of convalescence up to 3-1/2 weeks beyond the acute illness. The increase in dengue throughout the world suggests that it will remain a problem for military personnel until an effective vaccine is licensed. PMID:22469290

Streitz, Matthew; Babina, Tatyana; Fried, Jessica R.

2012-01-01

156

Geography in American History for High School Students of American History. Final Design Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geographic learning provides perspectives, information, concepts, and skills essential to viewing and understanding historical events and developments. Geographic learning is therefore essential to sound teaching and learning of history in general and U.S. history at the high school level in particular. This report contains a description of the…

Patrick, John J.; Stoltman, Joseph P.

157

This major offers courses in ancient, medieval, and modern European history, including Russian history; in both North and Latin American history; in the  

E-print Network

This major offers courses in ancient, medieval, and modern European history, including Russian history; in both North and Latin American history; in the history of Eurasia and East Asia; in world Angeles. Notable Courses HIST 255: The Evolution Debates -- Historical perspective for current debates

Rohs, Remo

158

American Centuries: History and Art from New England  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Deerfield, MA, Memorial Hall Museum's American Centuries is an attractive, image-heavy gateway to a wealth of artifacts documenting American history. Online since 2001, the site is kept fresh with features such as "This Week in History", programmed to retrieve collection items dating from the current week, such as a letter from Thomas Williams Ashley (1894-1918) to his father, Charles Hart Ashley, on May 14, 1917, in which Thomas tells of his early days in the Marine Corps soon after the United States entered World War I. The rest of the site is organized into categories, including the collection itself; things to do - both online and at the Museum; the Turns of the Century exhibit; and classroom materials. The interactive chronologies feature allows users to select a topic - such as Technological History, Children, or even Deerfield, MA - and view a timeline of relevant events. Visitors can also set up an account and use MyCollection to save and tag artifacts they wish to return to for another look.

2008-01-01

159

BA Joint Honours History and American Studies (3 years) VT17  

E-print Network

of the historical documents left behind, which range from the chronicle of the medieval world to the Hollywood filmsBA Joint Honours History and American Studies (3 years) VT17 American Studies (4 years) TV71 Ancient History (3 years) V110 Ancient History (4 years) V190 Classical Civilisation (3 years) QV81

Harman, Neal.A.

160

How the Cold War is Taught: Six American History Textbooks Examined.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a comparative analysis of how six high school history textbooks present events and issues related to the Cold War. The texts are "History of a Free People" (Macmillan, 1973), "Rise of the American Nation" (Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1977), "The American Experience" (Addison-Wesley, 1975), "A New History of the United States--An…

Herz, Martin F.

161

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History: Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working with a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, staff members at the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History and graduate students from Wayne State University have created a treasure trove of thoughtful digital exhibits and collections. Visitors might want to start with the "Virtual Exhibitions" area, which includes the arresting "Women of A New Tribe" collection. This particular collection features 75 photographs by Jerry Taliaferro of women from both the Detroit area and the rest of the United States. After looking these over, users should go over to the "Sam Vinegar Collection". Here they will find formal mounted images from a postcard series of Africa and publicity photos of African American performers. For those who wish to navigate in another fashion, the "Tags" area on the left-hand side of the page features a list of tags, including "Detroit", "Civil Rights", and "Musicians".

162

The Ethnic History of South Carolina. American History, South Carolina History. Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for eighth grade teachers was the product of a Title IX ethnic studies project. The guide was designed to supplement the regular South Carolina state history textbooks and place in a more positive frame of reference the ethnic contributions that specific ethnic groups have made to South Carolina history. Written by teachers, the guide…

Charleston County School District, North Charleston, SC. Div. of Instruction.

163

Incorporating Mexican American History and Culture into the Social Studies Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Mexican Americans are the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States, their history and literature are seldom taught in American classrooms. A study of over 3,000 high school sophomores in the Southwest revealed that neither Anglos nor Hispanics were aware of the contributions of Mexican Americans. Incorporating Mexican American

Escamilla, Kathy

164

The English History of African American English. Language and Society Series; 28.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essays on the history of African American Vernacular English (AAVE) include: an introduction to the evolution of AAVE within the African American diaspora (Shana Poplack); "Rephrasing the Copula: Contraction and Zero in Early African American English" (James A. Walker); "Reconstructing the Source of Early African American English Plural Marking: A…

Poplack, Shana, Ed.

165

Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History Department of Native American Languages  

E-print Network

Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History Department of Native American Languages Restrictions archives for language materials, especially for Native Americans. A. The Department of Native American collections in the Department of Native American Languages archives: · central location for Tribal access

Oklahoma, University of

166

History of Science Web Resources at American Institute of Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for History of Physics and the associated Niels Bohr Library & Archives at the American Institute of Physics were pioneers in web resource development for education and for research in the 1990s. While these units of AIP continue to add significantly to the traditional ways of putting content before the public, they are also experimenting with blogs and Facebook, and are looking at other forms of interactive web presence. This talk explores how an active research center is trying to do both.

Good, G. A.

2009-12-01

167

American Museum of Natural History: Division of Anthropology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The online collection of the American Museum of Natural History's Department of Anthropology contains over 160,000 objects that have been digitized with the support of the National Endowment for the Humanities. The ethnographic collections of North America, Mexico & Central America, South America, Africa, Asia, and the Pacific are all represented here and by clicking on the "Collections" link visitors can gain access to these images. In addition to high quality photos and detailed descriptions of the objects, a link to the original catalogue pages from the museum is also included.

168

The Avalon Project: African-Americans - Biography, Autobiography and History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Avalon Project at Yale Law School, (last mentioned in the April 4, 1997 Scout Report) has recently added an African American biography, autobiography, and history section. The section contains complete copies of Martin Luther King Jr.'s 1963 "I Have A Dream" speech, My Bondage and Freedom by Frederick Douglass, The Narrative of Sojourner Truth, dictated by Sojourner Truth and edited by Olive Gilbert, The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois, and Up From Slavery: An Autobiography by Booker T. Washington. All transcripts are lucid and available in HTML format.

169

American Museum of Natural History: Resources for Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of resources, published by the American Museum of Natural History, is intended for educators, parents, students, or anyone who is interested in teaching and learning about science. The resources include activities, curriculum materials, articles, evidence and analysis materials, exhibition materials, and lists of references. Items may be text-based, pedagogical, or multimedia (photos, videos, interactives) in nature. The collection is searchable by keyword or browseable by main topic: anthropology, astronomy, biology, Earth science, or paleontology. There are also special collections, groups of resources organized around specific themes such as Antarctica, ocean life, and the dynamic Earth.

170

The Gondwanan and South American Episodes: Two Major and Unrelated Moments in the History of the South American Mammals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first steps in the history of South American mammals took place ca. 130 Ma., when the South American plate, still connected\\u000a to the Antarctic Peninsula, began to drift away from the African-Indian plate. Most of the Mesozoic history of South American\\u000a mammals is still unknown, and we only have a few enigmatic taxa (i.e., a Jurassic Australosphenida and an Early

Rosendo Pascual; Edgardo Ortiz-Jaureguizar

2007-01-01

171

The archive on the hill : the Presidential Library and the architecture of American history  

E-print Network

Presidential libraries are not really about presidents. Rather, presidential libraries define publics through the transformation of American history into images and ideas. The presidential library is a uniquely American ...

Haughey, Patrick David

2009-01-01

172

Un-American History and the First Great American War over Collective Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole in a speech to the national convention of the American Legion in 1995, condemned those who try to ?disparage America? and the nation?s unified ?language, history, and values?. At the core of this subversive movement, he said, were ?educators and professors? who worked to ?denigrate America?s story while sanitizing and glorifying other cultures?.[1] This of

Evan George

2003-01-01

173

Pictured Politics: Visualizing Colonial History in South American Civic Portrait Collections  

E-print Network

Pictured Politics: Visualizing Colonial History in South American Civic Portrait Collections Emily America. In viceregal South America, political changes inspired adjustments to pictorial convention, authority, and political relationships. My study of the material remains of colonial history suggests

Zhou, Yaoqi

174

Rage against the machine: The university-military-industrial complex and contemporary American culture and democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how five late twentieth and early twenty-first century authors – Don DeLillo, Rebekah Nathan, Richard Rodriguez, Jane Smiley, and Tom Wolfe – use one of their respective books to reflect on and shape what has come to be called the University-Military-Industrial Complex (UMIC). Specifically, it explores how different literary works interpret, instantiate, challenge and attempt to reconfigure

Andrew Karl Koch

2008-01-01

175

Curriculum VitaRobert F. Zeidel Ph.D.; American History  

E-print Network

Curriculum Vita­Robert F. Zeidel Education Ph.D.; American History MarquetteUniversity; Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1986. M.A.; History MarquetteUniversity; Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1981. B.A.; History Carroll UndergraduateResearch into the UndergraduateGeneral Education U.S. History Survey," CURQuarterly 33 (Summer 2013

Wu, Mingshen

176

A More Perfect Union: The American Government. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic IV, Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents a set of secondary-level classroom strategies for examining American history in light of the issues identified by the American Issues Forum. Emphasis is on examination of the role and actions of the President of the United States. These materials, called modules, form Part II of the topic, "A More Perfect Union: The American

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

177

Working with Veterans, Active Duty Military, and Military Families A Collection of Career Transition Resources  

E-print Network

Working with Veterans, Active Duty Military, and Military Families A Collection of Career Association Military Interest page: After the Army - http disorder (PTSD). American Corporate Partners - http://www.acp-usa.org/ Networking, mentoring

Vertes, Akos

178

Women in American History by the Encyclopaedia Britannica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Online have put together this collection of biographical information on women in American history from 1600 to the present. Biographies can be browsed alphabetically or by occupational category. A quasi-subject listing called "misc. a-z" lists entries for women's organizations and issues. The site can also be browsed chronologically by using the four time periods displayed at the top: Early America 1600-1820, The Nineteenth Century 1820-1880, At the Crossroads 1880-1920, and Modern America, 1920-the present. Some entries are accompanied by pictures; a media gallery includes sound and QuickTime videos. Note that it is unknown how long this resource will be freely available.

179

A history of the American Society for Clinical Investigation  

PubMed Central

One hundred years ago, in 1909, the American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI) held its first annual meeting. The founding members based this new society on a revolutionary approach to research that emphasized newer physiological methods. In 1924 the ASCI started a new journal, the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The ASCI has also held an annual meeting almost every year. The society has long debated who could be a member, with discussions about whether members must be physicians, what sorts of research they could do, and the role of women within the society. The ASCI has also grappled with what else the society should do, especially whether it ought to take a stand on policy issues. ASCI history has reflected changing social, political, and economic contexts, including several wars, concerns about the ethics of biomedical research, massive increases in federal research funding, and an increasingly large and specialized medical environment. PMID:19348041

Howell, Joel D.

2009-01-01

180

Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While many people may be familiar with the impressive structure that houses the American Museum of Natural History at Central Park West and 79th Street, a much smaller number may be acquainted with their very fine series of anthropological papers. This respected series has been continuously published since 1907, and these works have also been made available on this site. Visitors can use the search engine offered here, or they can also browse the papers by title, author, or date. They will encounter works from such anthropology luminaries as Margaret Mead and others, and they will certainly enjoy passing along this information to persons with an interest in the field. In total, this archive contains over 350 works which provide a great deal of insight into the historical development of the practice and theory behind anthropology.

181

National Museum of American History: The First Ladies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past two centuries, the role of the First Lady has changed immensely and in the past several decades the women to occupy this position have embraced causes such as literacy and healthy eating. This online exhibit from the National Museum of American History looks at the "role played by the country's first ladies as well as the beautiful objects that belonged to them." The site is divided into six sections, including "The First Ladies Collection" and "A First Lady's Contribution". The "First Ladies Collection" contains photos and descriptions of items like Martha Washington's silk taffeta gown and Dolley Madison's elaborate hand-embroidered robe. Moving on, "A First Lady's Contribution" contains images of the First Ladies on the campaign trail and other settings. One particularly interesting image here is that of Florence Harding pinning a flower on Al Jolson's lapel during a campaign stop. Finally, visitors can also view a timeline of all the First Ladies.

2012-01-06

182

77 FR 42365 - Price for the Making American History Coin and Currency Set  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...THE TREASURY United States Mint Price for the Making American History Coin and Currency Set AGENCY: United States Mint, Department...is announcing a price of $72.95 for the Making American History Coin and Currency Set. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

2012-07-18

183

Internationalizing the United States Survey Course: American History for a Global Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been an unmistakably more cosmopolitan approach to American history among scholars of the past two decades. This essay addresses the issue concerning the future of United States survey course as American history moves toward internationalization. Proponents of internationalization themselves disagree about the future of the United States…

Guarneri, Carl J.

2002-01-01

184

An interview between Pekka Hmlinen, Rhodes Professor of American History, and Sir John Elliott, FBA, Regius Professor Emeritus of History  

E-print Network

An interview between Pekka Hämäläinen, Rhodes Professor of American History, and Sir John Elliott: the launching of the annual Sir John Elliott Lecture in Atlantic History, which you inaugurated in May here Elliott, FBA: I think I always had some sort of historical sense. I would read romantic accounts

Oxford, University of

185

3 CFR 8476 - Proclamation 8476 of February 1, 2010. National African American History Month, 2010  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...our shores, they have known the bitterness of slavery and oppression, the hope of progress, and the triumph of the American Dream. African American history is an essential thread of the American narrative that traces our Nation’s enduring struggle...

2011-01-01

186

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11258 Reconstructing Native American population history  

E-print Network

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11258 Reconstructing Native American population history David Reich1 these questions at a higher resolution than was previously possible, we assembled data from 52 Native American and America that existed during the ice ages1­5 . Most analyses of Native American genetic diversity have

Reich, David

187

"And, We Burned Down the White House, Too": American History, Canadian Undergraduates, and Nationalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good manners and false protests of ignorance about American history cloak underlying anti-American sentiments among students. Behind the facade, a jumbled set of emotions inform their discomforted imaginations. They are offended by the patronizing and condescending attitudes of Americans when the latter comment on, or intrude into, the outer…

Tagg, James

2004-01-01

188

The Savage and the Slave: Critical Race Theory, Racial Stereotyping, and the Teaching of American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teaching of American history is not neutral; teachers and textbooks often define what is important and what is not. It is through this historical subjectivity that stereotypes and biases emerge and ultimately persist. With relevance to African Americans and American Indians, such stereotypes can be culturally, politically and economically…

Lintner, Timothy

2004-01-01

189

American Indian Women: Sorting through Myth and History. A Study of American Indian Women, Stereotypes, and Education in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following study was conducted to examine existing research in education regarding the development of stereotypes in children, analyze historical documents and research to acquire an accurate portrayal of American Indian women, and determine if secondary social studies students lack adequate knowledge about the history of American Indian women,…

Attardo, Jessica L.

2005-01-01

190

The History of Native American Studies at the University of California Riverside  

E-print Network

The History of Native American Studies at the University of California Riverside Ian Chambers Native American Studies at the University of California Riverside is a pro gram of which the University, and the local native community can be proud... and, according to the 2000 Census, the largest Native American population of any state. These factors link together to locate the University in a remarkably rich Native American cultural area. One of the primary links between the extensive local...

Chambers, Ian

2001-09-01

191

75 FR 58425 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Cultural Items: American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY AGENCY: National Park...possession of the American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, that meets the definition...sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History. No known individual was...

2010-09-24

192

The West/African Americans/The Long Nineteenth Century UW-Madison, Department of History  

E-print Network

Carolina Press, 2007. Bederman, Gail. Manliness and Civilization: A Cultural History of Gender and Race Nations: America's Place in World History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2006. Bender, Thomas, John AshworthThe West/African Americans/The Long Nineteenth Century Jesse Gant UW-Madison, Department of History

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

193

Muscle pain during exercise in normotensive african american women: effect of parental hypertension history  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the influence of parental hypertension history on leg muscle pain ratings during cycling exercise in African American women. Eighteen women (age, 19 ± 2 years) with a positive family history (+PH) of hypertension and 16 (age, 19 ± 1 years) with a negative family history (?PH) underwent maximal exercise and cold

Dane B. Cook; Erica M. Jackson; Patrick J. O'Connor; Rod K. Dishman

2004-01-01

194

Those Who Can't, Teach: The Disabling History of American Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay is an exploratory history of American educators as viewed through the lens of disability studies. By this the author means that she is looking at the history of school teachers with disability as the primary marker of social relations, in much the same way that she and others have looked at the history of education through the primary…

Rousmaniere, Kate

2013-01-01

195

Girls Like Us: Looking at History through the American Girl Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality historical fiction enables readers to imagine what life might have been like for a variety of people, particularly those not typically written about in history texts. Social history of an era is often of particular interest to young students. This article looks at using the American Girl Series to interest students in history and provides…

Philpott, Sarah Lewis

2014-01-01

196

Asymmetric Male and Female Genetic Histories among Native Americans from Eastern North America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have investigated the human population history of eastern North America by examining mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation among Native Americans, but these studies could only reconstruct maternal population history. To evaluate similarities and differences in the maternal and paternal population histories of this region, we obtained DNA samples from 605 individuals, representing 16 indigenous populations. After amplifying the amelogenin

Deborah A. Bolnick; Daniel I. Bolnick; David Glenn Smith

2006-01-01

197

How Genes Have Illuminated the History of Early Americans and Latino Americans.  

PubMed

The American continent currently accounts for ?15% of the world population. Although first settled thousands of years ago and fitting its label as "the New World," the European colonial expansion initiated in the late 15th century resulted in people from virtually every corner of the globe subsequently settling in the Americas. The arrival of large numbers of immigrants led to a dramatic decline of the Native American population and extensive population mixing. A salient feature of the current human population of the Americas is, thus, its great diversity. The genetic variation of the Native peoples that recent immigrants encountered had been shaped by demographic events acting since the initial peopling of the continent. Similarly, but on a compressed timescale, the colonial history of the Americas has had a major impact on the genetic makeup of the current population of the continent. A range of genetic analyses has been used to study both the ancient settlement of the continent and more recent history of population mixing. Here, I show how these two strands of research overlap and make use of results from other scientific disciplines to produce a fuller picture of the settlement of the continent at different time periods. The biological diversity of the Americas also provides prominent examples of the complex interaction between biological and social factors in constructing human identities and of the difficulties in defining human populations. PMID:25256008

Ruiz-Linares, Andrés

2014-09-25

198

Puritan Military Justice: American War Crimes and the Global War on Terrorism  

E-print Network

habits, ____________ This dissertation follows the style and format of the American Sociological Review. 2 and is inspired by Kai Erikson?s Wayward Puritans: A Study in the Sociology of Deviance ([1966] 2005). The study focuses... justice system for a select group of trials. The courts-martial included in the study will be specific to events that have been uniquely singled out as contemporary war crimes by the U.S. Army. Unlike the study conducted by Erikson...

Lorenzo, Ronald

2012-07-16

199

The effects of race and other socioeconomic factors on health service use among American military veterans.  

PubMed

This study examined the extent to which racial disparities in service utilization exist in veterans (VA) and non-VA health care systems. An observational study design was used with a nationally representative sample of veterans. Logistic regression models were constructed using sociodemographic characteristics, health insurance and benefits, and health status as predictors of health service use in both VA and non-VA health care systems. A population weighted sample of 19,270 veterans from the 2001 National Survey of Veterans was used, which included 17,004 (88.24%) White, 1,864 (9.15%) African American, 414 (2.15%) Native American/Alaskan Native, and 87 (0.45%) Asian American/Pacific Islander veterans. Results showed that use of the VA health care system was not associated with race, but was associated with VA disability compensation, lack of private health insurance, and greater health care need. Contrarily, in non-VA healthcare systems, veterans who were racial minorities, less educated, and without private health insurance were less likely to use services. Together, these findings demonstrate the socioeconomic context in which health disparities exist and suggest the influence of health insurance on racial disparities in service utilization. PMID:23949577

Tsai, Jack; Desai, Miraj U; Cheng, Alice W; Chang, Janet

2014-03-01

200

History 349 CANADIAN MILITARY HISTORY  

E-print Network

a traitor/freedom fighter? Part of our heritage. Four years of rat-infested trench warfare; the war of all wars versus an evil empire; nuclear deterrence; counterinsurgency? All a part of Canada's heritage. Yet

Garousi, Vahid

201

11.013J / 21H.231J American Urban History I, Spring 2005  

E-print Network

This course is a seminar on the history of institutions and institutional change in American cities from roughly 1850 to the present. Among the institutions to be looked at are political machines, police departments, courts, ...

Fogelson, Robert

202

South American Summer Monsoon history recorded in Brazilian speleothems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have obtained three high-resolution oxygen isotopic records of cave calcites from Caverna Botuverá, southern Brazil, Gruta do Padre, central Brazil, and Caverna Paraíso, Amazonian Brazil. All three records have chronologies determined by U-Th dates and span the last 90, 20 and 50 thousand years, respectively. Tests for equilibrium conditions show that their oxygen isotopic variations are primarily caused by climate change. The three records thus can provide information about precipitation history and fluctuations of the South American Summer Monsoon along a latitudinal transect from 28° S to 4° S. During the last glacial period, the three oxygen isotopic profiles show abrupt millennial-scale variations, which are anti- correlated with the Chinese speleothem monsoon records and northern high-latitude ice core records. This is likely related to the displacement of the mean position of the intertropical convergence zone and associated asymmetry of Hadley cells, consistent with an oceanic meridional overturning circulation mechanism for driving the abrupt climate events. However, the three records show distinct isotopic patterns in Holocene epoch. The ?18O values in the Botuvera record decrease steadily throughout Holocene, while in the Padre record, the ?18O drops slightly until ~6-7 thousand years ago and then gradually increases until the present. The Paraiso Holocene record is similar to the Padre one, but with a much greater amplitude. Together with Andean ice core and lake records, our observations suggest asynchronous changes in Holocene monsoonal precipitation in South America, possibly related to strengthened zonal tropical air-sea interactions after the melting of the large northern ice sheets.

Wang, X.; Auler, A. S.; Edwards, R. L.; Cheng, H.

2008-12-01

203

NATURAL HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN LOBSTER By Francis Hobart Herrick, Ph. D., Sc. D.  

E-print Network

NATURAL HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN LOBSTER J!. By Francis Hobart Herrick, Ph. D., Sc. D. Professor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 CHAPTER I. The lobsters and allied Crustacea; their zoological relations, habits, development. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 II. The American lobster; its economic importance and general habits. .. . . . . . . . . . . 169

204

A REPORT ON TEAM TEACHING AMERICAN HISTORY AND LITERATURE, SAMMAMISH SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN EVALUATION IS GIVEN OF SUCCESSFUL SECONDARY-LEVEL TEAM TEACHING PROGRAMS IN AMERICAN HISTORY, AMERICAN LITERATURE AND COMPOSITION. PROVISIONS WERE MADE FOR LARGE GROUP INSTRUCTION, SMALL GROUP DISCUSSION, AND INDEPENDENT STUDY WITHIN A 2-HOUR TIME BLOCK. TEACHERS HANDLED TOPICS AND SUPERVISED ACTIVITIES UPON WHICH THEY HAD MUTUALLY AGREED IN…

GULDSETH, HILDA; AND OTHERES

205

History of the American West Summer 2013 // June 3-July 5  

E-print Network

Meridian: John Wesley Powell and the Second Opening of the West (Penguin) Cyclone Covey, ed., Cabeza de. #12;Required Texts: Robert V. Hine and John Mack Faragher, Frontiers: A Short History of the American Significance of the American Frontier," in John Mack Faragher, ed., Rereading Frederick Jackson Turner (New

206

3 CFR 8776 - Proclamation 8776 of January 31, 2012. National African American History Month, 2012  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...American History Month, we pay tribute to the contributions of past generations and reaffirm our commitment to keeping the American dream alive for the next generation. In honor of those women and men who paved the way for us, and with great expectations for...

2013-01-01

207

A Guide for Teaching and Understanding the History and Culture of Japanese Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide for elementary school teachers provides a general background of the history and contributions of Japanese Americans and their current status today. Emphasis is on helping educators understand and appreciate the values of the diverse American population. Topics covered are the Meiji period of Japan, Japanese immigrants in California,…

Fukuda, Kimiko A.; Kashima, Tetsuyo

208

Black Chronicle: An American History Textbook Supplement. Third Edition. Bulletin No. 91546.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, a revision and updating of a work first published under the same title in 1974, presents a detailed chronological history of African Americans in the United States. The description begins with the origins of Homo sapiens in Africa, and traces the African American story from slavery in North America through the U.S. Civil War, the…

Kailin, Clarence S.

209

Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women  

Microsoft Academic Search

European American (EA) women report greater body dissatisfaction and less dietary control than do African American (AA) women. This study investigated whether ethnic differences in dieting history contributed to differences in body dissatisfaction and dietary control, or to differential changes that may occur during weight loss and regain. Eighty-nine EA and AA women underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure body

Paula C. Chandler-Laney; Gary R. Hunter; Nikki C. Bush; Jessica A. Alvarez; Jane L. Roy; Nuala M. Byrne; Barbara A. Gower

2009-01-01

210

A SAMPLING OF TOP 10 RANKED PROGRAMS* African-American History Criminology Discrete Mathematics  

E-print Network

-American History · Criminology · Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics · Gender and Literature · Library Administration · Quantitative Finance · Sociology of Culture · Supply Chain Management · Women's History (*Various guides and rankings) Top 25 Graduate programs ranked in the nation's top 25 by U.S. News & World

Garfunkel, Eric

211

Viewing American History through Native Eyes: Ideas for Sharing a Different Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A common criticism of American history curricula is that the content mostly relates the activities and accomplishments of Anglo males. The stories and contributions of women and people of color are frequently missing from history textbooks. While authors and publishers have worked in recent times to rectify these omissions, the voice of Native…

Warren, Carol C.

2006-01-01

212

Art and Art History American Studies Astronomy College of Film and the Moving Image Anthropology Biology  

E-print Network

Art and Art History American Studies Astronomy College of Film and the Moving Image Anthropology and Environmental Sciences Dance Government Mathematics and Computer Science Music History Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Theater Philosophy Physics Religion Psychology Sociology Asian Languages and Literatures Classical

Royer, Dana

213

Course of Study: Afro-American History. Grades 11 and 12. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary level units, written in outline form, present the historical influence and significance of blacks in American history. Information is arranged into two major parts: Part one offers a chronological approach to black history; Part two presents a topical approach. Part one includes 14 units. Units I, II, and III discuss a rationale for a…

Pittsburgh School District, PA.

214

Latin American Literature as a Source of History: Why It Flies in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of novels in a Latin American history course. Provides a theoretical basis for the course. Outlines course format, class assignments, and reading lists. Points out the value of the novel to students in understanding the history of Latin America. (RW)

Macune, Charles W., Jr.

1989-01-01

215

History Textbooks at the New Century: A Report of the American Textbook Council.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Textbook Council identified the nation's leading social studies textbooks based on estimated volume of sales and on adoptions in California, Indiana, North Carolina, Florida, and New York. Three multi-volume elementary-level programs and about a dozen secondary-level history textbooks command the market. The history textbooks at the…

Sewall, Gilbert T.

216

Deconstructing Black History Month: Three African American Boys' Exploration of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every February, schools celebrate Black History Month and teachers teach the grand narrative of famous African Americans such as Martin Luther King, Jr. While the stories communicate bravery, they are also about racism and violence. Here, through narrative inquiry, a teacher deconstructs Black History Month, inviting student responses to stories…

Landa, Melissa Hare

2012-01-01

217

Discrimination History, Backlash Fear, and Ethnic Identity among Arab Americans: Post-9/11 Snapshots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined discrimination history, backlash fear, and ethnic identity of Arab Americans nationally at 3 times, beginning shortly after September 11, 2001. Relations between variables were moderate, and discrimination history and backlash fear were statistically significant predictors of ethnic identity. Implications for acculturation and…

Nassar-McMillan, Sylvia C.; Lambert, Richard G.; Hakim-Larson, Julie

2011-01-01

218

New York City International Polar Weekend at the American Museum of Natural History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Museum of Natural History, in partnership with Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and the Earth Institute of Columbia University and Barnard College, is featuring the International Polar Year through a New York City International Polar Weekend (NYC-IPW) in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The event showcases current polar research, polar environmental changes, history and culture during two days of family programs

S. Pfirman; M. Turrin; R. Macphee

2008-01-01

219

Oral History and American Advertising: How the "Pepsi Generation" Came Alive.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a project in which the Archives Center of the National Museum of American History and the George Meany Memorial Archives analyzed a collection of advertising materials of the Pepsi-Cola USA company and conducted interviews to gather historically valuable information concerning the company. Valuable social history information was…

Dreyfus, Carol; Connors, Thomas

1985-01-01

220

The New Gateway, an Old Paradox: Immigrants and Involuntary Americans in North Carolina History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors conducted a content analysis of North Carolina history textbooks to explore how the definition of immigration has changed over the last century. They also examined how immigrant groups and involuntary Americans have been portrayed throughout the state's history. Findings suggest that as a burgeoning gateway state for immigrants, North…

Hilburn, Jeremy; Fitchett, Paul G.

2012-01-01

221

Women in American History: A Series. Book Four, Women in the Progressive Era 1890-1920.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses the role of women in the Progressive Era (1890-1920). Designed to supplement high school U.S. history textbooks, the book is comprised of five chapters. Chapter I describes reformers and radicals including Jane Addams and Lillian Wald who began the settlement house…

Sanders, Beverly

222

Why Students Think There Are Two Kinds of American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in this author's undergraduate Sociology and Social Science classes often tell him that the "history" they learned in high schools was different than the "history" they learned in university classes. They often claim that what they learned in K-12 was "wrong" and that they did not learn the "real" history until they got to college. They…

Waters, Tony

2005-01-01

223

Hispanic America to 1776. Globe Mosaic of American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook examines Spanish exploration, conquest, settlement, and colonization of present-day Mexico, United States, and the Caribbean, and the conflicts and exchanges resulting from culture contact between Spaniards and Native Americans. Chapters cover: (1) first contacts in the Caribbean, enslavement of Native Americans, arrival of African…

Lewin, Stephen, Ed.; And Others

224

The Long History of State Constitutions and American Tort Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the modern tort reform movement that dates to the mid-1970s, courts have struck down a number of reform statutes as unconstitutional under state constitutions. Commentators on all sides have treated these decisions as a new phenomenon in American law. In fact, American tort law has developed for over a century in the shadow of state (and occasionally federal) constitutional

John F. Witt

2005-01-01

225

Ingredients of military genius. Student essay  

SciTech Connect

This article deals with military genius from an historical and a classical theory perspective. The author modifies an approach developed by Carl von Clausewitz that makes use of theory as a framework for the study of history. Clausewitz used theory to study campaigns of Napoleon. This article uses Clausewitz's theory of military genius to study some of the great captains of the American Civil War and World War II. Using seven qualities of military genius that Clausewitz lists in his ON WAR, a study was made to ascertain commonalities of behavior displayed by great battlefield generals. Historical examples are given which reflect the qualities of military genius. The basic hypothesis of the article is that successful generals command their armies with their total being and not just one predominate aspect of their person. The underlying theme is that body, emotions, mind, and spirit must work in a relatively balanced manner which results in military genius being displayed. Historical example urges each senior officer to continually train and discipline his being in preparation for his possible future destiny.

Blair, J.M.

1986-04-07

226

Toward World History: American Historians and the Coming of the World History Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seeks to define world history through an analysis of its historical antecedents. Concentrates on the efforts of three historians--Louis Moreau, William H. McNeill, and Leften S. Stavrianos--to establish world history's place in education. Analyzes the relationship between world history, peace, and global education and the state of world history in…

Allardyce, Gilbert

1990-01-01

227

History 114D / Public Policy 160D Introduction to War, the Military, and Society Lectures: Mondays and Wednesdays, 11:45 AM 12:35 PM, Friedl Room 240  

E-print Network

of war as well as its effects on individuals and entire societies from pre-history to the early twenty: No Electronics in Class: Please do not use laptops, cell phones, or other electronic devices during class. If you1 History 114D / Public Policy 160D ­ Introduction to War, the Military, and Society Fall 2013

McShea, Daniel W.

228

An Ethnic Dimension in American History: A Unit on Immigration, Industrialization, Urbanization, and Imperialism, 1880-1920. Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide provides a model unit in American history with ethnic content and a multiethnic perspective. The main focus is on the experience of blacks, Jews, Chicanos, Puerto Ricans, Italian Americans, Asian Americans, and native Americans from 1880 to 1920. Four themes characteristic of the period are studied: immigration and minority…

B'nai B'rith, New York, NY. Anti-Defamation League.

229

Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America. Afro-American and Asian American Culture History. Baywood Monographs in Archaeology 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains fourteen articles dealing with archaeological studies on Black and Asian ethnic groups in the United States. Papers on Afro-American culture history include: (1) "Race and Class on Antebellum Plantations," by John Solomon Otto; (2) "Looking for the 'Afro' in Colono-Indian Pottery," by Leland Ferguson; (3) a study of "Black…

Schuyler, Robert L., Ed.

230

The Land of Plenty. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three secondary level learning modules provide perspective on U.S. history and current issues in terms of land-use problems and case studies. Teaching strategies for this topic are presented in booklet form as one of a set of materials based on topics identified by the American Issues Forum. Readings and questions guide students through three…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of General Education.

231

Spanish-American War to Vietnam: Booklet 4. Critical Thinking in American History. Teacher's Guide, Source Envelope, [and Student Manual].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These curriculum materials in U.S. history are part of a series designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically. The teacher's guide presents a series of supplementary ready-to-use lesson plans for teaching high school students about the Spanish-American War, the Depression era, the cold war, and post-World War II issues. The…

O'Reilly, Kevin

232

Imagining tomorrow: History, technology, and the American future  

SciTech Connect

This book looks at the future as it was envisioned in the American past. Essays examine the hopes of the new technologies of the past century, including x-rays, radio, nuclear engineering, plastics, and computers. Illustrated.

Corn, J.J.

1986-01-01

233

Name: Megan Raby Field: History of American Science  

E-print Network

. Beyond the Hundredth Meridian: John Wesley Powel Science. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985) 4. Numbers & Rosenberg, eds. The Scientific Gods: On Science and American Social Thought (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976). Science

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

234

75 FR 6081 - National African American History Month, 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...African Americans who overcame injustice and inequality to achieve financial independence and the...remnants of past discrimination. Structural inequalities--from disparities in education and health care to the vicious cycle of...

2010-02-05

235

Connecting health and natural history: a failed initiative at the American Museum of Natural History, 1909-1922.  

PubMed

In 1909, curator Charles-Edward Winslow established a department of public health in New York City's American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). Winslow introduced public health as a biological science that connected human health-the modern sciences of physiology, hygiene, and urban sanitation-to the natural history of plants and animals. This was the only time an American museum created a curatorial department devoted to public health. The AMNH's Department of Public Health comprised a unique collection of live bacterial cultures-a "Living Museum"-and an innovative plan for 15 exhibits on various aspects of health. I show how Winslow, facing opposition from AMNH colleagues, gathered scientific experts and financial support, and explain the factors that made these developments seem desirable and possible. I finish with a discussion of how the Department of Public Health met an abrupt and "inglorious end" in 1922 despite the success of its collections and exhibitions. PMID:24205997

Brown, Julie K

2014-10-01

236

THE FICTION OF HISTORY: THE PRESENTATION OF HISTORY IN RECENT AMERICAN LITERATURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The treatment of history as discourse in the novels of John Barth, Thomas Pynchon, and Robert Coover represents a movement away from the traditional historical novel and its attempt to directly represent the past, instead exploring the ways history is constructed and mediated by the culture of the present. The tension between metafiction and history revealed in these texts helps

RAYMOND ALLAN MAZUREK

1980-01-01

237

Athletics, Society, and History: An Undergraduate Course in the History of American Sport.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that, during the past generation, a new social history that concerns itself with the lives of ordinary people has changed history research and teaching. Describes an eight-unit college course in the history of United States sports. Includes a selected bibliography of books for students and teachers. (CFR)

Simons, William

1995-01-01

238

Between a Rock and a Hard Place: A History of American Sweatshops 1820 - Present  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History provides this online exhibit, a look at one of the more unsavory aspects of American history. The exhibit can be viewed via a floor plan or a series of navigational toolbars at the bottom of the screen. The content and the design of the exhibit are fascinating. Each section is introduced by large images from the actual exhibit. The user can then move the mouse to various parts of those images and click to retrieve a larger rendering of that part of the exhibit. In this way, the virtual viewer can experience the exhibit close to how an actual viewer would. In addition to the history section, there is a section on the El Monte California sweatshop (broken up in 1995), the fashion food chain, and a dialog in which six spokespeople give their views on the question "What should Americans know about sweatshop production in the United States?" Multimedia sections are forthcoming.

239

Return to Old Times: Rural Romanticism in American Education History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the rural-urban dichotomy that regularly surfaces in educational history and argues that a full understanding of the role of cities is needed to overcome a rural romanticism that ill-serves public education policy. (CMG)

Warren, Donald

1984-01-01

240

History Repeats itselfRestorative Justice in Native American Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although restorative justice principles served as the foundation for many Native American legal systems, contemporary tribal courts rely heavily on the laws and standards they received from European settlers. This trend is now being reversed as tribal courts have begun to rediscover their restorative roots and share them with non-Indians. In this article, a framework is developed for understanding the

JONA F. MEYER

1998-01-01

241

Minorities in American History Textbooks. Equal Opportunity Review, June 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have shown that textbooks have treated the black person as invisible or as a problem and generally have failed to note that bigotry has been a fundamental American attitude since the arrival of Columbus. One might have thought that by 1973 publishing houses would have eliminated the need for this type of criticism, but this is not the…

Katz, William A.

242

National Museum of American HistoryThe 39 Clues Introduction  

E-print Network

the first shots of the Civil War were fired on Ft. Sumter--a watchmaker repairing President Abraham Lincoln of cross/If you don't repent, you will be lost." Can you decode the meaning of Dave's message? Abraham Lincoln's Pocket Watch u 2 East, American Stories,"1801­1870 Expansion & Reform" In April 1861--when

Mathis, Wayne N.

243

The Study of African American History Through Art  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though written with a kindergarten class in mind, this unit could be used with any primary grade. If you are working with second grade or older, I feel the Addy books from the American Girls Series coincide nicely with the unit. The weekly lessons follow a timeline beginning with the 1600s and ending with present day. At the completion of

Judith A. Lutz

244

New Perspectives on the History of American Sign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examinations of the etymology of American Sign Language have typically involved superficial analyses of signs as they exist over a short period of time. While it is widely known that ASL is related to French Sign Language, there has yet to be a comprehensive study of this historic relationship between their lexicons. This article presents…

Shaw, Emily; Delaporte, Yves

2011-01-01

245

Heritage of Struggle. A History of American Working People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The materials in this pamphlet describe the difficulties encountered by various racial and ethnic groups as they attempted to become assimilated into the American labor force. The experiences and problems faced by blacks, Jews, and immigrants from England, Ireland, the Scandinavian countries, China, Italy, and Puerto Rico are described in an…

Harris, Howard

246

Revolutions: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Teaching Printmaking and Latin American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a U.S. Department of Education grant to expand Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Albright College, the authors of this article, one a historian and one an artist, teamed up to teach a course called Revolutions: Art and Revolution in Latin America. In the class, they proposed to combine a studio art printmaking class with Latin…

Kiddy, Elizabeth; Woodward, Kristen T.

2013-01-01

247

A History of Education of Afro-Americans in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of readings selected to present an historical overview of the educative experiences of Afro-Americans. The essays focus upon social, economic, and political factors which have conditioned educational opportunities for blacks in this country. The work is divided into four sections. "Education in Ante Bellum America" deals…

Walker, Mae

248

History and Status of Native Americans in Librarianship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of the development of tribal libraries, the events that have affected them, and their status today. Issues of recruiting and retaining Native American/Alaska Natives within the profession are discussed with suggestions for successful strategies. (Contains 31 references.) (Author)

Patterson, Lotsee

2000-01-01

249

Native American History, Culture Gaining Traction in State Curricula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For decades, the Montana Constitution has made preservation of American Indian culture an explicit educational goal. Educators did little about it until 2004, when the state supreme court ruled that Montana had ignored its responsibility to teach about the state's seven tribes. That ruling jump-started an effort that has yielded curriculum…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2008-01-01

250

The Fine Art of Synthesis: Latin American History for Freshmen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An introductory course on Latin America is probably the only course most college students will take on that region. It provides the best opportunity for influencing the educated public about the area. There is an urgent need to increase understanding of Latin America because so much of the American public, including public officials, are so…

Burns, E. Bradford

251

Sports, Physical Activity and Recreation in Early American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sports and physical recreation activities have been part of American life since the days of the early settlers. Although the settlers were faced with problems of survival, accounts of life in the colonies in the 1600's carry mention of bowling in the streets, play with bows and arrows, and ice skating. Other activities to gain popularity before…

Ballou, Ralph B.

252

Women's Suffrage, Political Responsiveness, and Child Survival in American History  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women's choices appear to emphasize child welfare more than those of men. This paper presents new evidence on how suffrage rights for American women helped children to benefit from the scientific breakthroughs of the bacteriological revolution. Consistent with standard models of electoral competition, suffrage laws were followed by immediate shifts in legislative behavior and large, sudden increases in local public

Grant Miller

2008-01-01

253

Women in American Constitutional History at the Bicentennial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the changing legal status of women from the American Revolution to the present. Divides discussion into five major constitutional periods. Describes the "Broken Barometer" theory in which laws passed for the benefit of women are actually an indicator of their past needs rather than their present concerns. (RW)

Hoff-Wilson, Joan

1989-01-01

254

The Dark Ages of Education and a New Hope: Teaching Native American History in Maine Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, the author wrote legislation that required all public schools in Maine to teach Maine Indian history. On June 14 of that year, Gov. Angus King signed "An Act to Require Maine Native American History and Culture in Maine's Schools" into law--the first of its kind in the U.S. What makes the law unique is its requirement that specific topics…

Loring, Donna

2009-01-01

255

Objects and Objectivity: The Evolution Controversy at the American Museum of Natural History, 1915–1928  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the purpose of this essay, I examine how evolutionary theory was treated and responded to in the American Museum of Natural\\u000a History’s Hall of the Age of Man during the early 1900s. Specifically, I examine how the curatorial work of the museum’s president,\\u000a Henry Fairfield Osborn, relied on the purported use of objectivity as a means by which to

Julie Homchick

2010-01-01

256

The History and Future of the Southern Bible Institute: A Post-Secondary School of Biblical Studies for African Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States of America has a long history in higher education, but one area of its history not exhausted through research involves higher education for African Americans. Specifically, higher education for African Americans in the area of theology or biblical studies presents numerous opportunities for further research. Soon after the…

Cooks, Michael

2010-01-01

257

Learning Other People's History: Pre-Service Teachers' Developing African American Historical Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from the historical lens of cultural memory, I examined the development of three social studies pre-service teachers' African American history knowledge. The participants were engaged in a rigorous summer reading program dedicated to learning African American history. This qualitative case study examined both pre and post…

King, LaGarrett Jarriel

2014-01-01

258

Life Histories of Three Exemplary American Physical Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the following article-style dissertation was to present the life histories of three exemplary physical educators, to give them voice, explore ways in which they experienced marginalization, and describe how they persevered in spite of difficulties they experienced in their careers. The participants included (a) Robin, a female…

Cazers, Gunars

2009-01-01

259

Violence and the American Landscape: The Challenge of Public History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the author's experiences with projects covering the topics of Little Bighorn, Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Enola Gay exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum, and the Oklahoma City bombing. Each helped him to understand the challenge of public history, specifically memorializing sites of violence. (CMK)

Linenthal, Edward T.

2002-01-01

260

Skinheads. Shaved for Battle. A Cultural History of American Skinheads.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The origins and history of the skinhead movement in the United States are traced, beginning with their links with skinheads in England and focusing on racist skinheads rather than the less-well-known nonracist skinheads. How skinheads have developed within the larger youth group scenes, their ideas and activities, the role of music in their…

Moore, Jack B.

261

19th Century American Journals of Natural History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a brief list of journals containing information for historians and naturalists. The journals are presented in two lists from 1810-1875 and from 1876-1900. Each list is further classified into general natural history, microscopy, botany, entomology, conchology, ornithology, and geology and paleontology. (MR)

Dexter, Ralph W.

1976-01-01

262

From Hot to Cold War. SSEC American History Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit for U.S. history classes provides students with the chance to learn about the historical roots of U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union in a lively, informative manner and from a variety of different perspectives. The unit enables students to use their own judgement in selecting, evaluating, and reflecting on the significance of U.S.…

Ladenburg, Thomas; Tegnell, Geoffrey

263

Understanding the Gender Gap: An Economic History of American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a unique set of data drawn from the US census, statistics, city directories, and other sources, the author looks at the differences between men and women in the US labour force. She shows that the `gender gap' in income and job level that has existed throughout history cannot be explained simply as a matter of sex discrimination, nor as

Claudia Goldin

1990-01-01

264

Integrating Women's History into an Early American History Course: Three Lesson Ideas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present three lesson ideas that integrate women's history into the curriculum and that support the development of important social studies skills. The first lesson, for teachers to use at the beginning of the school year, encourages students to think critically about the nature of history and the importance of understanding the point…

Bair, Sarah; Williams, Lisa; Fralinger, Meghan

2008-01-01

265

Tangled Roots: A Project Exploring the Histories of Americans of Irish Heritage and Americans of African Heritage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition at Yale University, this project has brought together over 200 documents and other items related to the history of American slaves and immigrants from Ireland and the links between them. The history of Afro- and Irish-American relations and the "whiteness" of Irish immigrants to America have long fascinated scholars, but this is the first time, to my knowledge, that such a large collection of primary sources on the subject have been offered together online. Visitors may browse the archive of speeches, legal documents, letters, interviews, cartoons, and articles by author, subject, date, and document type. The majority of the documents featured concern only one of the two groups, but collectively they can be used to compare and contrast experiences, legal disabilities, and popular prejudices. Also featured at the site is a Making Connections section, which contains a series of document-based investigations of African- and Irish-American history, and a collection of annotated links.

266

FROM THE HISTORY OF PHYSICS: The Landau school and the American Institute of Physics translation program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the late 1950s and early 1960s several American scientists recognized the importance of results appearing in Russian language journals. Their efforts, aided by 'Cold War' considerations, culminated in the launch of the AIP program of translations into English of the then Soviet Union's leading physics journals. The present brief review gives a personal perspective on the history of that development.

Ambegaokar, Vinay

2008-12-01

267

The Story in History: Writing Your Way into the American Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addressed to teachers from upper elementary to adult level as well as to writers, this book gives teachers and students an entirely new way to learn about American history--by reexperiencing it from the vantage point of the imaginative writer. The book maintains that students will thus gain both a deeper understanding of the issues and conflicts…

Galt, Margot Fortunato

268

Did the Social Studies Really Replace History in American Secondary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: In recent decades, professional historians have made considerable efforts to reestablish influence over the teaching of history in American schools. This movement has rested upon a generally accepted historical narrative based on four assertions; first, that during the 1900s and 1910s, professional historians dominated the…

Fallace, Thomas

2008-01-01

269

Objects and Objectivity: The Evolution Controversy at the American Museum of Natural History, 1915-1928  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the purpose of this essay, I examine how evolutionary theory was treated and responded to in the American Museum of Natural History's Hall of the Age of Man during the early 1900s. Specifically, I examine how the curatorial work of the museum's president, Henry Fairfield Osborn, relied on the purported use of objectivity as a means by which to…

Homchick, Julie

2010-01-01

270

Treatment of Japanese-American Internment During World War II in U.S. History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to analyze the treatment of Japanese-American internment during World War II in high school United States history textbooks. Four reasons highlight the selection of this topic for study. First, this historical event was selected because a little over a year ago was the 60th anniversary of President Franklin D.…

Ogawa, Masato

2004-01-01

271

vol. 168, no. 3 the american naturalist september 2006 Natural History Miscellany  

E-print Network

distinguish the calls of their moth- ers from those of other females, but mothers could not discriminatevol. 168, no. 3 the american naturalist september 2006 Natural History Miscellany Mother. We investigated mother-offspring recognition in fallow deer, an un- gulate hider species. We analyzed

Nottingham, University of

272

A Negro History Tour of Manhattan. Contributions in Afro-American and African Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A unique field trip guide, this brief book interrelates the history of Manhattan with that of the United States as these stories were affected by Black Americans. Obscure and famous landmarks in Manhattan serve as focal points for the narratives on people, places, events, institutions, and organizations from 1624 to the present. Beginning with Old…

Harris, M. A.

273

The Oral Histories of Six African American Males in Their Ecology of Advanced Placement Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the past in order to understand the complex phenomenon of students engaging in science (Newman, Ridenour, Newman, & DeMarco, 2003) specifically through the oral histories of six self-identified African American males enrolled in a high school Advanced Placement Biology class and the…

Halasa, Katrina Bassam

2012-01-01

274

vol. 181, no. 4 the american naturalist april 2013 The Effects of Selective History and Environmental  

E-print Network

effects on inbreeding depression have been largely ignored by empiricists. Here we compare inbreeding are significant pre- dictors of inbreeding depression in our study, there is an effect of assay environmentvol. 181, no. 4 the american naturalist april 2013 The Effects of Selective History

Agrawal, Aneil F.

275

Lessons from History: Defining Moments in the American Presidency and Foreign Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For much of American history, political leaders have stood by a principle that "politics stops at the water's edge." While political disagreements about domestic policies are seen as inevitable and even healthy, there has been a tradition of trying to avoid partisan disagreements over foreign policy. As a result, intense disagreements over foreign…

Claunch, Ann

2008-01-01

276

Our Documents: A National Initiative on American History, Civics, and Service. Teacher Sourcebook, Volume III  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thousands of educators are using America's most important historic documents to help students learn the story of their nation and its citizens, thanks to the Our Documents initiative. This was one of the main objectives of Our Documents, which is part of the "National Initiative on American History, Civics, and Service," launched by President…

McCullough, Julie, Ed.

2004-01-01

277

3 CFR 8930 - Proclamation 8930 of January 31, 2013. National African American History Month, 2013  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...A Proclamation In America, we share a dream that lies at the heart of our founding...for much of our Nation's history, that dream has gone unfulfilled. For African Americans, it was a dream denied until 150 years ago, when a...

2014-01-01

278

National Museum of American History John Bull Locomotive u 1 East  

E-print Network

GRADES 4­6 National Museum of American History Discover! John Bull Locomotive u 1 East In1833, and water used together to power the locomotive? Would the John Bull have been a source of air pollution? Kermit the Frog u 3 West, Thanks for the Memories Objectslike

Mathis, Wayne N.

279

The Concept of Systematic Corruption in American Political and Economic History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The critical role of governance in the promotion of economic development has created intense interest in the manner in which the United States eliminated corruption. This paper examines the concept of corruption in American history; tracing the term corruption to its roots in British political philosophy of the 17th and 18th century, and from there back to Machiavelli, Polybius and

John Joseph Wallis

2004-01-01

280

Black History Month: A Reflection and Recognition of the African American Family. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Materials for celebrating Black History Month (February, 1985) in elementary and secondary schools are included in this handbook. A chronology of notable African Americans is presented and then followed by seven sections of curriculum materials on blacks in these areas: general achievements; business; religion; politics; music; math and science;…

Rogers, Robert D.; And Others

281

vol. 169, no. 5 the american naturalist may 2007 Natural History Miscellany  

E-print Network

vol. 169, no. 5 the american naturalist may 2007 Natural History Miscellany Potential for Ebola: videos. abstract: Over the past decade Ebola hemorrhagic fever has emerged repeatedly in Gabon and Congo, causing numerous human outbreaks and massive die-offs of gorillas and chimpanzees. Why Ebola has emerged

282

Searching for Images: The Analysis of Users' Queries for Image Retrieval in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied users' queries for visual information in American history to identify the image attributes important for retrieval and the characteristics of users' queries for digital images, based on queries from 38 faculty and graduate students. Results of pre- and post-test questionnaires and interviews suggest principle categories of search terms.…

Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie M.

2003-01-01

283

When History Is Myth: Genocide and the Transmogrification of American Indians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The genocide of American Indians over the last five centuries is documented by the persecutors in myriad historical media: diaries, audiotapes, autobiographies, photographs, books, essays, and newspaper accounts. Many authors believe that their stories convey an objective reality but scholarship has illustrated that writers construct history more…

Colwell-Chanthaphonh, Chip

2005-01-01

284

National Museum of American History Postcard > The National Woman Suffrage Parade, 1913, 1 Center  

E-print Network

National Museum of American History Discover! Postcard > The National Woman Suffrage Parade, 1913, 1 Center In 1913 most women weren't allowed to vote in the United States. Five thousand brave women marched up Pennsylvania Avenue to demand suffrage--the right to vote. Some men in the crowd watching

Mathis, Wayne N.

285

Phonetic study of North American languages history and results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Serious phonetic study of North America languages started at the beginning of the 20th century. Within limits of available technology, aspects of speech articulation, aerodynamics and acoustics were investigated. One clear motivation was to understand how classes of sounds unfamiliar from study of better-known European and Asian languages were produced. Glottalized consonants and stops then referred to as ``intermediate'' (voiceless unaspirated) received particular attention. Nasal airflow, lip position in vowels, and tone and pitch accent were also investigated. Significant insights on relative timing were obtained, inter alia foreshadowing VOT measurement as a useful discriminator of laryngeal activity and revealing part of the mechanism by which ejective consonants are made. After the 1920's, the idea of ``psychologically real'' phonemes which ignored phonetic differences became the ruling paradigm in American linguistics, contributing to a decline of interest in phonetic studies that basically lasted until around the 1980's. When interest renewed, a new vision that phonetic patterns show regularities independent of phonemic structure guided research, and considerable attention was also paid to how indigenous American languages fit into overall phonetic typologies. Recent work is also often informed by concern for documentation of endangered languages and community interest in language revival.

Maddieson, Ian

2005-04-01

286

Drug Abuse among Military Offenders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of military offenders' drug abuse histories, both prior to and after entry on active duty, was conducted at the United States Army Retraining Brigade in the fall of 1975. Results indicate that a substantial number of trainees began to abuse drugs prior to entering the military. (Author)

Ratliff, Bascom W.; Eads, Jerry

1978-01-01

287

Military technology: an historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout history, nations have endeavored to develop new and more advanced technologies with the goal of achieving military advantage. New technologies resulted in new weapons and brought dramatic change in military tactics. The increase in the destructive power of soldiers in the Civil War and the resulting horror and futility of the frontal assault ushered in a change to trench

William J. Perry

2004-01-01

288

From Confinement to College: Video Oral Histories of Japanese American Students in World War II  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This remarkable collection brings together video oral histories of Japanese Americans students during World War II. Created by a team of researchers at the University of Massachusetts at Boston, these interviews document the impact that students' wartime experiences had on their college years as well as the rest of their lives. All told, there are eighteen oral histories here and visitors can learn about the lives of Gordon Sato, Frank Inami, and Rose Yamaguchi, among others. Visitors may especially be interested in learning about the students' time in the relocation centers and internment camps scattered around the United States. All told, it's a moving and thoughtful collection that will be enjoyed by anyone with an interest in American history.

289

Swedish Museum of Natural History-Department of Vertebrate Zoology: Guide to South American Cichlidae  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sven Kullander of the Swedish Museum of Natural History developed the _Guide to the South American Cichlidae_ as "a non-commercial, technical source of information about the systematics, taxonomy and geographical distribution of South American cichlids." The Guide features a Cichlid Names Database containing 469 nominal species and 60 Nominal Genera with search fields for keywords, Genus/Species, Record/Table, Status, and more. The site also offers a phylogenetic tree representing major cichlid groups, a Classification of South American Cichlids, and an Alphabetical List of Nominal Genera and Informal Groups of South American Cichlids. In addition, the Guide contains a sizeable list of publications from 1997 onwards (some of which are hyperlinked or downloadable), and a solid collection of cichlid-related links.

290

Ethnic boundaries in national literary histories: Classification of ethnic minority fiction authors in American, Dutch and German anthologies and literary history books, 1978–2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares the classification of ethnic minority fiction writers in American, Dutch and German literary anthologies and literary history books for the period of 1978–2006. Using content analyses, ethnic boundaries are much stronger in Dutch and German textbooks than in their American counterparts. While, across the entire period, Dutch and German textbooks under-represent ethnic minority authors – relative to

Pauwke Berkers

2009-01-01

291

Synopsis of History of American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 1958-2008  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To provide a synopsis of the history of the association of radiation oncologists in the United States, currently known as the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO), with the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the organization. Methods and Materials: The history of ASTRO, from its beginning as the American Club of Therapeutic Radiologists, is the subject of a book that is to be released with the occasion of the 50th Annual Meeting of the Society in 2008. This book was prepared by members of ASTRO's History Committee and History Working Subcommittee. The source material for the book was the archives of the Society and recorded interviews, conducted by members of the subcommittee, of members of the Society and of the past and present Society staff. The book was also based on previously published material. This article used the source material used for the Society anniversary book. Results: This synopsis of the history of the Society will provide a source of reference for anyone interested in the history of the Society from its foundation in 1958 to the present, 2008.

Montana, Gustavo S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)], E-mail: gustavo.montana@duke.edu

2008-10-01

292

The Isotopic History of Western North American Grasslands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last 20 years, researchers have detected a rise in carbon isotope values of fossil mammals, paleosol minerals, and organic substrates roughly 6 to 8 Ma, which indicates an increase in the relative abundance of C4 grass at localities around the world. Prior research has shown that this increase in C4 abundance did not occur in cool high latitude regions, nor did it occur at sites around the Mediterranean. Similarly, modern California and Nevada do not support native C4 grasses. These states have a water regime similar to the Mediterranean region, with hot and dry summers, and most precipitation occurring during the cool winter months. Because the amount of C4 grass in North American ecosystems correlates positively with growing season temperature, it is not surprising that these western states, which have a winter growing season, do not support C4 plants. This does not necessarily imply, however, that C4 plants have never been favored in these western states. We used the carbon isotope composition of fossil ungulate tooth enamel as a proxy for C4 plant abundance in California and Nevada from 18 Ma to the present. Our carbon isotope data suggest that whereas there are very few native C4 species living in California or Nevada today, C4 plants may have been present in the region as early as the Late Miocene. Furthermore, there is an indication that C4 plants may have increased in abundance in the region during Pleistocene glacial periods.

Crowley, B. E.; Koch, P. L.

2007-12-01

293

The Roman Military Sites of Britain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peter Green, a military history enthusiast, has created The Roman Military Sites of Britain to provide location information and background material on the history of the Roman Army's occupation of Britain. This handsome site contains five gazetteers, organized by region, which summarize important Roman military sites and link to detailed maps. A collection of contemporary photographs provides visitors with a view of the physical surroundings of the sites. In addition to the historic geographic information, this site also introduces the organization of the Roman Army from the first century to the fifth century, explains Roman military terms and unit names, describes typical Roman military sites, and summarizes major military events in Britain during the Roman occupation. For visitors who desire more information, Green supplies a general reading list about the history of Britain and its relation to the Roman army as well as an extensive Roman military bibliography of Britain.

294

The American Italians: Their History and Culture. Minorities in American Life Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book takes an historical approach to the immigrant experience as well as describing why immigrants left Italy, how they were changed by American culture, how they fared, and where they settled. After examining the immigrants' role within the political, economic, and cultural life of the United States, the book discusses their current…

Rolle, Andrew F.

295

The American Physiological SocietyÂ?s Â?Living History ProjectÂ?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Physiological Society has announced updates to its Â?Living History Project.Â? The program, initiated in 2005, was designed to create an archival video record of senior members of the APS who have made outstanding contributions to the science of physiology, as well as the profession. With the addition of three new videos, the APS has interviewed 27 accomplished men and women to date.

APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)

2011-03-04

296

Looking through the Eyes of Injustice: Integrating Poetry and African-American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author relates how she integrated poetry and African-American history in her lessons. She also relates how she uses the story of Emitt Tills to impart to her students the reality of racism and injustice. Emitt Tills was a black 14-year-old boy from Chicago who lived during 1950s. He was killed with a bullet wound and was…

Pierce-Thomas, Cassandra

2007-01-01

297

Confronting the Cold War Legacy: The Forgotten History of the American Colony in St. Petersburg / A Case Study of Reconciliation  

E-print Network

This dissertation surveys three decades of the history and dynamics of Russian-American relations, demonstrating that their conduct has never been exclusively confined to governmental operatives and foreign policymakers. ...

Ginzburg, Lyubov Alexandrovna

2010-04-21

298

Critical Histories of Archaeological Practice: Latin American and North American Interpretations in a Honduran Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The editors of this volume cite Bruce Trigger’s “Alternative archaeologies” paper as the beginning point of a reconsideration\\u000a of contemporary Anglo-American calls for increased multivocality in archaeology, situating multivocality as (potentially)\\u000a yet another imperialist move on the part of a powerful global archaeological elite, and as (again, potentially) leading to\\u000a an inability on the part of archaeologists to argue against

Rosemary A. Joyce

299

Cambridge History of English and American Literature: An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week, Bartleby.com (last reviewed in the December 10, 1999 Scout Report) announced the online publication of all eighteen volumes of the classic Cambridge History of English and American Literature. This excellent free resource "comprises the largest public reference work of literary criticism and history on the Internet." Originally published in 1907-1921, the volumes include 303 chapters and more than 11,000 pages, edited and written by a worldwide panel of 171 leading scholars and thinkers of the early twentieth century. The online version features over 5,600 files, searchable by keyword and browseable by volume, chapter, and section. The electronic Cambridge History also includes chapter and bibliography indexes. Although a bit dated in parts, these eighteen volumes are a valuable, and now easily accessible, research tool for secondary and university students.

300

Foster care history and HIV infection among drug-using African American female sex workers.  

PubMed

Foster care has been associated with increased HIV risk behaviors among youth, yet long-term association with HIV infection has not been examined. This study explored the associations between foster placement, victimization, mental health, onset of sex work and HIV infection among highly vulnerable female sex workers. 562 drug-involved African American women were enrolled into an intervention study to increase health services utilization and reduce HIV risk. Seventeen percent reported a history of foster placement. Foster history was associated with significantly lower educational attainment, higher victimization, and more severe mental health problems. Women with foster histories reported significantly earlier entry into paid sex work, with some 62% active in the sex trade before age 18. Multivariate analyses found that foster care was independently associated with HIV seropositivity, and that early sex work partially mediated this association. The potential long-term health vulnerabilities associated with foster placement are understudied and warrant additional research. PMID:21818654

Surratt, Hilary L; Kurtz, Steven P

2012-05-01

301

Food in American History, Part 6—Beef (Part 1): Reconstruction and Growth Into the 20th Century (1865–1910).  

PubMed

This sixth installment of Food in American History series considers 1865 through 1910, covering America’s reconstruction and growth after the Civil War, with beef as the central food theme. Part 1 follows the rise of the hamburger as an icon in American culture. PMID:15076706

Grivetti, Louis E.; Corlett, Jan L.; Gordon, Bertram M.; Lockett, Cassius T.

2004-01-01

302

Risk Reduction for HIV-Positive African American and Latino Men with Histories of Childhood Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the HIV epidemic has disproportionately affected African American and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM), few HIV\\u000a prevention interventions have focused on African American and Latino men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW). Even\\u000a fewer interventions target HIV-positive African American and Latino MSM and MSMW with histories of childhood sexual abuse\\u000a (CSA), a population

John K. Williams; Gail E. Wyatt; Inna Rivkin; Hema Codathi Ramamurthi; Xiaomin Li; Honghu Liu

2008-01-01

303

Military issues.  

PubMed

This article reviews of some of the lessons in trauma psychiatry learned by the US military through wartime and other trauma experiences during the past century. Current practice in the military's employment of stress control teams is reviewed. The military's efforts to prevent and limit psychological casualties, to include the care of battle casualties and prisoners of war (POWs), are addressed. Recent experiences that have informed further, and are shaping the military's approach to managing the psychological aftermath of trauma (such as the Sept. 11, 2001, attack on the Pentagon and the current war with Iraq) are included. Guidelines developed after 9/11, and articulated in the "Mass Violence and Early Intervention" conference are presented. Finally, current ideas on preparation for and intervention after weapons of mass destruction will be outlined. PMID:15325487

Ritchie, Elspeth Cameron; Owens, Mark

2004-09-01

304

The oral histories of six African American males in their ecology of Advanced Placement Biology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The major purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the past in order to understand the complex phenomenon of students engaging in science (Newman, Ridenour, Newman, & DeMarco, 2003) specifically through the oral histories of six self-identified African American males enrolled in a high school Advanced Placement Biology class and the oral histories about events that followed during their post high school experiences. To elucidate an understanding of this phenomenon, this research explored the ecology of African American males' descriptions of their school science, their peer school science community, their lived experiences during and after graduation, and their meso-community (Bronfenbrenner, 1979). Many minority and low-income students are less likely to enroll in rigorous courses during high school (Education Trust, 2006). This study is of utmost importance because capturing the informants' oral histories may improve rigorous science education. Many African American male students are attending urban schools with an ever growing achievement gap among their White counterparts (Norman, Ault, Bentz, & Meskimen, 2001); therefore, they are disengaging in science. As a result, African American males are underrepresented in both science careers and achievements in science (Atwater, 2000; National Science Foundation, 1994). The six oral histories highlighted the ecological factors that affected African American males regarding (1) the impact of their relationship with their mothers, (2) the understanding of personal responsibility, (3) the notion of a scientist, (4) the issue of gender being more of an obstacle than race, (5) the understanding that education is valuable, (6) the interactions and influence of relationships with others on their decisions, (7) the development of integrity through the participation in sports, (8) the ecological neighborhood environment influences an image, (9) the enrollment of Advanced Placement Biology course helped the transition into higher education (10) the issue of race as it surfaced in their ecological environment, (11) the individual's personal effort determines their outcomes, (12) the need for recognition of internal satisfaction, (13) the role of portraying a hero, (14) the ideology of knowing yourself and your limits, (15) the issue of race was prevalent in both personal and public life, and (16) learning is interactive.

Halasa, Katrina Bassam

305

Associate ProfessorThe Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies (AAADS) and the Department of History at Indiana University seek to hire a scholar of  

E-print Network

) and the Department of History at Indiana University seek to hire a scholar of twentieth-century African American departments seek to build upon existing strengths in African American history and are especially interested Employer. We encourage women and minority candidates to apply. Department of African American and African

Indiana University

306

Sharing Our Teachers: The Required Graduate Class at the American Museum of Natural History for Lehman College (CUNY)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This reflective study explores the history and outcomes of a teacher education collaboration between the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) and Lehman College of The City University of New York (CUNY), in the Bronx, NY, USA. AMNH developed and teaches a Lehman course, Museum Resources for Teaching Science, for Master's degree candidates in science teaching in secondary schools. The

Adriana E. Aquino; Angela M. Kelly; Gillian U. Bayne

2010-01-01

307

Mexican American History as an Elective High School Subject: Promoting Ethnic Literacy and Citizenship among DNISD Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At Del Norte Independent School District (DNISD) (El Paso, Texas), Mexican American students are the majority ethnic group, but their history and culture have not been incorporated into the high school curriculum. Hence a goal of citizenship education, to increase student understanding of their own ethnic heritage and its part in U.S. history, is…

Sianez, Steve

308

With an Eye on "We": A Teacher Research Study of Students Using Narrative Inquiry to Critique Mexican American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this teacher research study was to examine narrative inquiry as a method for student engagement with course material and the local community. This study sought to understand how students perceived themselves within Mexican American history. While a number of studies have used oral history and narrative effectively, these studies…

Luna, Enrique

2010-01-01

309

Women in American History: A Series. Book Two, Women in the Ages of Expansion and Reform 1820-1860.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses women in the ages of expansion and reform (1820-1860). Designed to supplement U.S. history textbooks, the book is presented in six chapters. Chapter I describes the "true woman," an ideal cultivated by women writers, educators, and magazine editors. The four virtues were…

Sanders, Beverly

310

Women in American History: A Series. Book Three, Women during and after the Civil War 1860-1890.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, one in a series of four on women in American history, discusses the role of women during and after the Civil War (1860-1890). Designed to supplement high school U.S. history textbooks, the book is comprised of five chapters. Chapter I describes the work of Union and Confederate women ln the Civil War. Topics include the army nursing…

Sanders, Beverly

311

Asymmetric male and female genetic histories among Native Americans from Eastern North America.  

PubMed

Previous studies have investigated the human population history of eastern North America by examining mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation among Native Americans, but these studies could only reconstruct maternal population history. To evaluate similarities and differences in the maternal and paternal population histories of this region, we obtained DNA samples from 605 individuals, representing 16 indigenous populations. After amplifying the amelogenin locus to identify males, we genotyped 8 binary polymorphisms and 10 microsatellites in the male-specific region of the Y chromosome. This analysis identified 6 haplogroups and 175 haplotypes. We found that sociocultural factors have played a more important role than language or geography in shaping the patterns of Y chromosome variation in eastern North America. Comparisons with previous mtDNA studies of the same samples demonstrate that male and female demographic histories differ substantially in this region. Postmarital residence patterns have strongly influenced genetic structure, with patrilocal and matrilocal populations showing different patterns of male and female gene flow. European contact also had a significant but sex-specific impact due to a high level of male-mediated European admixture. Finally, this study addresses long-standing questions about the history of Iroquoian populations by suggesting that the ancestral Iroquoian population lived in southeastern North America. PMID:16916941

Bolnick, Deborah A; Bolnick, Daniel I; Smith, David Glenn

2006-11-01

312

Ellington Field: A Short History, 1917-1962  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document details the chronological history of an air field in Southeast Texas that currently serves as an adjunct to NASA Johnson Space Center as well as a civilian/military air field. The field was built early in the 20th century, soon after airplane flight became a recognized factor in American military applications, was central to a wide variety of military uses throughout this century, and remains viable for such purposes in addition to serving a vital role in NASA's training of astronauts.

Carlson, Erik

1999-01-01

313

Celebrating Black History: African-American Athletic Pioneers at the University of Wisconsin, 1900-1970  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the integration of African-Americans into the world of professional sports is very well-documented, quite a bit less is known about the various African-American pioneers in the world of collegiate athletics. Helping fill this gap is a nice online exhibit dedicated to exploring the various individuals who led the way in this arena at the University of Wisconsin from the years 1900 to 1970. The site was created by Gregory Bond, a graduate student at the university, and includes a timeline of relevant events. Examples include looking back to 1875, which saw the first African-American graduate from the University, a section on pioneers in a host of various sports at the school, and a documents section that includes a faculty resolution in 1939 opposing a Jim Crow-style track meet in Columbia, Missouri. For anyone interested in this interesting (and somewhat under-examined) aspect of integration in American history, this site is worth a look.

Bond, Gregory

314

Outlook of the Officers: Military Thought in Chile, 1960-1990  

E-print Network

Personalization and Institutional Constraints: Pinochet, the Military Junta, and the 1980 Constitution,” Latin American PoliticsPersonalization and Institutional Constraints: Pinochet, the Military Junta, and the 1980 Constitution. ” Latin American Politics

Bawden, John Richard

2009-01-01

315

An American health dilemma: a history of blacks in the health system.  

PubMed Central

The present black health crisis is a continuum. After 346 years of neglect, flawed efforts were made to admit black Americans to the "mainstream" health system. Gains were significant from 1965 to 1975; however, since then black health status has eroded. Since colonial times, the racial dilemma that affected America's liberal democratic system also distorted medical relationships and institutions. There are clear connections between campaigns to defeat bills that would improve the health of blacks and other disadvantaged groups and acquiescence with the present reassignment of them to the underfunded, overcrowded, inferior, public health-care sector. Physician leadership helped to establish the slaveocracy, create the racial inferiority myths, and build the segregated health subsystem for blacks and the poor. Clearly, if the history-based health disparities are to be resolved, black physician leadership will be necessary. Without justice and equity in health care, the dream of Martin Luther King will never become a reality for African Americans. PMID:1602519

Byrd, W. M.; Clayton, L. A.

1992-01-01

316

Uri Bar-Joseph - Strategic Surprise or Fundamental Flaws? The Sources of Israel's Military Defeat at the Beginning of the 1973 War - The Journal of Military History 72:2  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the decade after the 1973 War of Yom Kippur, the consensus was that Israel's military defeat in the war's first stage was caused by the failure of intelligence to provide a warning prior to the Arab attack, but many experts maintained later that it reflected improper preparations for war. Using recently released evidence, this article analyzes Israel's inadequate war

Uri Bar-Joseph

2008-01-01

317

Abandoning evolution. The forgotten history of antievolution activism and the transformation of American social science.  

PubMed

From its inception, antievolution activism has been aimed not only at the natural sciences but also, and almost as often, at the social sciences. Although almost entirely overlooked by scholars, this activism played a significant part in the development of American social science in the early twentieth century. Analyzing public writings and private papers of antievolution activists, academic social scientists, and university officials from the 1920s, this essay recalls this forgotten history, showing how antievolution activism contributed to the abandonment of evolutionary theory and the adoption of a set of secular, scientific, and professional characteristics that have come to define much of modern social science. PMID:23488237

Lienesch, Michael

2012-12-01

318

Outlook of the Officers: Military Thought in Chile, 1960-1990  

E-print Network

discipline rather than one aspect of military geography alongside logistical intelligence,disciplines such as geogaphy, sociology and economics as well as intelligenceintelligence, logistics, geography, and military history. As a military discipline,

Bawden, John Richard

2009-01-01

319

A multilocus perspective on the speciation history of a North American aridland toad (Anaxyrus punctatus).  

PubMed

Interpretations of phylogeographic patterns can change when analyses shift from single gene-tree to multilocus coalescent analyses. Using multilocus coalescent approaches, a species tree and divergence times can be estimated from a set of gene trees while accounting for gene-tree stochasticity. We utilized the conceptual strengths of a multilocus coalescent approach coupled with complete range-wide sampling to examine the speciation history of a broadly distributed, North American warm-desert toad, Anaxyrus punctatus. Phylogenetic analyses provided strong support for three major lineages within A. punctatus. Each lineage broadly corresponded to one of three desert regions. Early speciation in A. punctatus appeared linked to late Miocene-Pliocene development of the Baja California peninsula. This event was likely followed by a Pleistocene divergence associated with the separation of the Chihuahuan and Sonoran Deserts. Our multilocus coalescent-based reconstruction provides an informative contrast to previous single gene-tree estimates of the evolutionary history of A. punctatus. PMID:22579923

Bryson, Robert W; Jaeger, Jef R; Lemos-Espinal, Julio A; Lazcano, David

2012-09-01

320

78 FR 66607 - Military Family Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...encourage every American to do their part. Together, let us support our military children as they learn, grow, and live their dreams. And let us keep our military families strong and secure. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United...

2013-11-05

321

Okinawa: The American Years 1945-1972  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Department of History at Texas A&M-Commerce, this site offers an excellent starting point for research on the American military occupation of Okinawa. Users will find brief biographies of key figures, a chronology, photos, editorial cartoons and related links. The core of the site is a collection of annotated bibliographic essays on archives, books, films, and oral histories related to this topic. Where possible, these essays offer hypertext links to the sources mentioned.

Sarantakes, Nicholas Evan, 1966-

322

This major offers courses in ancient, medieval, and modern European history, including Russian history; in both North and Latin American history; in the  

E-print Network

(1) HIST course elective Upper Division Courses** HIST 312: The Age of the French Revolution: Urbanization in the American Experience HIST 351: The American Revolution HIST 352: The American Civil War

Rohs, Remo

323

Ancient collagen reveals evolutionary history of the endemic South American 'ungulates'.  

PubMed

Since the late eighteenth century, fossils of bizarre extinct creatures have been described from the Americas, revealing a previously unimagined chapter in the history of mammals. The most bizarre of these are the 'native' South American ungulates thought to represent a group of mammals that evolved in relative isolation on South America, but with an uncertain affinity to any particular placental lineage. Many authors have considered them descended from Laurasian 'condylarths', which also includes the probable ancestors of perissodactyls and artiodactyls, whereas others have placed them either closer to the uniquely South American xenarthrans (anteaters, armadillos and sloths) or the basal afrotherians (e.g. elephants and hyraxes). These hypotheses have been debated owing to conflicting morphological characteristics and the hitherto inability to retrieve molecular information. Of the 'native' South American mammals, only the toxodonts and litopterns persisted until the Late Pleistocene-Early Holocene. Owing to known difficulties in retrieving ancient DNA (aDNA) from specimens from warm climates, this research presents a molecular phylogeny for both Macrauchenia patachonica (Litopterna) and Toxodon platensis (Notoungulata) recovered using proteomics-based (liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry) sequencing analyses of bone collagen. The results place both taxa in a clade that is monophyletic with the perissodactyls, which today are represented by horses, rhinoceroses and tapirs. PMID:25833851

Buckley, Michael

2015-05-01

324

Fabricating authenticity: modeling a whale at the American Museum of Natural History, 1906-1974.  

PubMed

Historians of science have in recent years become increasingly attentive to the ways in which issues of process, matter, meaning, and value combine in the fabrication of scientific objects. This essay examines the techniques that went into the construction--and authentication--of one such scientific object: a model of a blue, or "sulfur-bottom," whale manufactured at the American Museum of Natural History in 1907. In producing their model, exhibitors at the American Museum employed a patchwork of overlapping discursive, procedural, and material techniques to argue that their fabrication was as authentic--as truthful, accurate, authoritative, and morally and aesthetically worthy of display--as an exhibit containing a real, preserved cetacean. Through an examination of the archival and published traces left by these exhibitors as they built their whale, I argue that the scientific meanings of authenticity at the American Museum were neither static nor timeless, but rather were subject to constant negotiation, examination, re-evaluation, and upkeep. PMID:20718275

Rossi, Michael

2010-06-01

325

American Revolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The project will provide information about the American Revolution. America's Journey to Independence provides an overview of the factors that contributed to American Independence. Figures of the American Revolution WebQuest shows certain important figures of the American Revolution. Such figures include John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison. Primary Documents in American History provides primary documents from American History. Primary documents pertaining to the American Revolution are provided. Research, ' Riting, and Revolution for Mr. Bishop's U.S. History Class is ...

Brooks

2009-10-13

326

Civilian, ROTC, and Military Academy Undergraduate Attitudes toward Homosexuals in the U.S. Military: A Research Note  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigate a gap in attitudes toward homosexuals in the U.S. military among a select group of people—American civilian undergraduates, Reserve Officer Training Corp (ROTC) cadets, and cadets at military academies. Using a subsample (N = 3057) of data from the Biannual Attitude Survey of Students (BASS), being a military academy cadet is associated with the strongest agreement for

Morten G. Ender; David E. Rohall; Andrew J. Brennan; Michael D. Matthews; Irving Smith

2012-01-01

327

The American Museum of Natural History Congo Expedition 1909-1915  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1909, scientists Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin, as well as numerous assistants, set out into the remote Central African Congo River basin to explore and catalog the many extraordinary plant and animal species found within. This fabulous new Web sitefrom the American Museum of Natural History details the six-year expedition that resulted in the first comprehensive study of the Congo basin. This online exhibit includes field notes, photographs, illustrations, interactive maps, and films of early 20th century Congo biological and cultural features. There is also a searchable collection of scientific publications, many of which were authored by Lang, Chapin, and their contemporaries. This is a rich resource that is likely to appeal to many. This site is also reviewed in the March 8, 2002 Scout Report.

328

The Division of Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A real find for anyone interested in prehistoric life, the American Museum of Natural History's Division of Paleontology site brings the ancient to life. Easily accessible, the site presents numerous materials, from images of the fossil record to artists' representations of the prehistoric world and its wilder inhabitants, the dinosaurs. For those interested in the people behind the scenes, as well as in the sites of prehistoric exploration themselves, the resource presents a wealth of information on paleontologists at the front line, including slide shows on specific voyages of discovery. One in particular takes visitors to a rich site in Mongolia's Gobi Desert. Also not to be missed is the presentation of one of the best preserved specimens of what just might prove to be a missing link -- a curiously feathered, earth-bound reptile some 130 million years old.

1969-12-31

329

Oxford Journals Humanities Journal of American History Volume 100, Issue 4 Pp. 1265-1266. Online ISSN 1945-2314 -Print ISSN 0021-8723  

E-print Network

Oxford Journals Humanities Journal of American History Volume 100, Issue 4 Pp. 1265-1266. + Online ISSN 1945-2314 - Print ISSN 0021-8723 Journal of American History jah.oxfordjournals.org Journal: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature (2012), which Solovey edited with Hamilton Cravens

Solovey, Mark

330

History of fractures as predictor of subsequent hip and nonhip fractures among older Mexican Americans.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between previous fracture and risk of new hip and nonhip fractures over a seven-year period among older Mexican Americans. METHOD: Data used are from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (H-EPESE) (1993-2001). Measures included history of previous fracture (hip fracture only, a nonhip fracture, hip and nonhip fractures, and no fractures), sociodemographic factors, smoking status, medical conditions (arthritis, diabetes, stroke and cancer), activities of daily living disability, and high depressive symptoms. Cox proportional regression model was used to estimate the seven-year incidence of fractures. RESULTS: Of the 2,589 subjects, 42 reported a hip fracture, 328 reported a nonhip fracture, and 2,219 did not report a fracture at baseline. After controlling for all covariates, the hazard ratio (HR) of new hip fracture at seven-year follow-up was 6.48 (95% CI: 3.26-12.97) for subjects with only hip fracture at baseline and 1.96 (95% CI: 1.22-3.16) for subjects with nonhip fracture at baseline. The HR of new nonhip fracture was 1.90 (95% CI: 0.96-3.77) for subjects with only hip fracture at baseline and 2.62 (95% CI: 1.95-3.52) for subjects with nonhip fracture at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: A previous history of fractures in older Mexican Americans is the strongest predictor of recurrent fractures at hip and nonhip sites, independent of other health measures. Our findings of recurrent fractures suggest the need for more aggressive detection and adequate treatment of osteoporosis- and fall-related factors in this population. PMID:17444431

Ojo, Folasade; Al Snih, Soham; Ray, Laura A.; Raji, Mukaila A.; Markides, Kyriakos S.

2007-01-01

331

Sources on US Naval History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hoping to facilitate more new research in its extensive holdings on American naval history, the Naval Historical Center has digitized its material, making more than two centuries of archival material readily available to interested parties. The Web site presents an alphabetic listing of every state in the nation, each of which link directly to primary source material on parties and organizations involved in American naval history in any way, whether it be in the form of production, administration, or active military service. Many of the states' listings link to historical societies and other archival resources, each of which call attention to notable maritime holdings in their collections. Beyond the above, Sources on US Naval History also links back to its creator, the Naval Historical Center, which is the historical branch of the Department of the Navy.

332

An Analysis of the Treatment of Corporate Influence on Government by United States History and American Government High School Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an investigation to explore the possibility that ideology might be expressed in the treatment of corporate influence on federal government by social studies textbooks. Two textbooks were examined in the study--United States history and American government. Corporate influence involves activities that affect election and…

Neumann, Richard

2014-01-01

333

African American History, Race and Textbooks: An Examination of the Works of Harold O. Rugg and Carter G. Woodson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes that as a way to broaden the theoretical and historical context of social studies foundational literature and curriculum history, attention must be given to issues of race and racism related the experiences of African Americans. First, race and racism should be used as an analytical tool to examine longstanding foundations…

King, LaGarrett J.; Davis, Christopher; Brown, Anthony L.

2012-01-01

334

Teaching American History: The Influence of Professional Development on Elementary Teacher's Self-Efficacy and Classroom Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This multiple case study examined the efforts of six elementary school teachers in their implementation of new instructional strategies in their fifth grade social studies classrooms following their participation in a weeklong Summer Institute focusing on American history. The study was guided by one grand tour question and one sub-tour question.…

Hartman, Stephanie

2010-01-01

335

Depositional history of sedimentary linear alkylbenzenes (LABs) in a large South American industrial coastal area (Santos Estuary, Southeastern Brazil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the reconstruction of the contamination history of a large South American industrial coastal area (Santos Estuary, Brazil) using linear alkylbenzenes (LABs). Three sediment cores were dated by 137Cs. Concentrations in surficial layers were comparable to the midrange concentrations reported for coastal sediments worldwide. LAB concentrations increased towards the surface, indicating increased waste discharges into the estuary in

César C. Martins; Márcia C. Bícego; Michel M. Mahiques; Rubens C. L. Figueira; Moyses G. Tessler; Rosalinda C. Montone

2010-01-01

336

Readings in American History (In Their Own Words), Book IV. The United States in the Twentieth Century and Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This skills-text is one of four books in the series "Readings in American History." The materials allow opportunities to improve reading and comprehension skills in a subject matter context by using certain primary sources related to the topic. Book 4 covers the period from World War I through the Reagan years. Each lesson includes short readings…

Abramowitz, Jack

337

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes  

E-print Network

Atomic Energy for Military Purposes: The Official Report on the Development of the Atomic Bomb, in a censored version. On August 11, 1945, five days after the Allies dropped the first nuclear bomb on Japan physics and the history of radioactivity; a chronicle of the efforts to break down the atom by bombardment

Landweber, Laura

338

Willing to Face Death: A History of Kurdish Military Forces - the Peshmerga - From the Ottoman Empire to Present-Day Iraq  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis discusses an area of key interest in modern-day Iraq – the Kurdish military, or peshmerga. Translated as “those who face death”, the peshmerga have become a staple of Kurdish culture in the last 100 years. Officially organized by Mustafa Barzani in 1943, the peshmerga have come to represent the Kurdish nationalist movement, specifically in Iraq. Unfortunately, there have

Michael G. Lortz

2005-01-01

339

Outcomes of highly active antiretroviral therapy in the context of universal access to healthcare: the U.S. Military HIV Natural History Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To examine the outcomes of highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for individuals with free access to healthcare, we evaluated 2327 patients in a cohort study composed of military personnel and beneficiaries with HIV infection who initiated HAART from 1996 to the end of 2007. METHODS: Outcomes analyzed were virologic suppression (VS) and failure (VF), CD4 count changes, AIDS and death.

Vincent C Marconi; Greg A Grandits; Amy C Weintrob; Helen Chun; Michael L Landrum; Anuradha Ganesan; Jason F Okulicz; Nancy Crum-Cianflone; Robert J O'Connell; Alan Lifson; Glenn W Wortmann; Brian K Agan

2010-01-01

340

A signal for independent coastal and continental histories among North American wolves  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Relatively little genetic variation has been uncovered in surveys across North American wolf populations. Pacific Northwest coastal wolves, in particular, have never been analysed. With an emphasis on coastal Alaska wolf populations, variation at 11 microsatellite loci was assessed. Coastal wolf populations were distinctive from continental wolves and high levels of diversity were found within this isolated and relatively small geographical region. Significant genetic structure within southeast Alaska relative to other populations in the Pacific Northwest, and lack of significant correlation between genetic and geographical distances suggest that differentiation of southeast Alaska wolves may be caused by barriers to gene flow, rather than isolation by distance. Morphological research also suggests that coastal wolves differ from continental populations. A series of studies of other mammals in the region also has uncovered distinctive evolutionary histories and high levels of endemism along the Pacific coast. Divergence of these coastal wolves is consistent with the unique phylogeographical history of the biota of this region and re-emphasizes the need for continued exploration of this biota to lay a framework for thoughtful management of southeast Alaska. ?? 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Weckworth, B.V.; Talbot, S.; Sage, G.K.; Person, D.K.; Cook, J.

2005-01-01

341

Distribution of Y Chromosomes Among Native North Americans: A Study of Athapaskan Population History  

E-print Network

; mitochondrial DNA; founder effect; european contact; native American; migration; diffusion ABSTRACTDistribution of Y Chromosomes Among Native North Americans: A Study of Athapaskan Population- lyzed to investigate the geographic distribution of Y chro- mosomes among native North Americans

Kemp, Brian M.

342

Recent research on permethrin-treated United States military uniforms  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

History is replete with examples of arthropod-borne illnesses affecting the outcome of military conflicts. Therefore, protection of our U.S. military is paramount when they are deployed on missions throughout the world. A part of the system to protect military personnel consists of wearing permeth...

343

Recasting History: Are Race, Class, and Gender Dominating American History? A Study of U.S. History Courses at the University of Texas and Texas A&M University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1971, the state of Texas enacted a legislative requirement that students at public institutions complete two courses in American history. With that mandate in mind, the Texas Association of Scholars and the National Association of Scholars' Center for the Study of the Curriculum proposed to determine how students today meet the requirement, and…

Fonte, Richard W.; Wood, Peter W.; Thorne, Ashley

2013-01-01

344

DEPLOYMENT & THE MILITARY FAMILY  

E-print Network

1 DEPLOYMENT & THE MILITARY FAMILY NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY FAMILY MEMBERS: THE FLEET AND FAMILY SUPPORT CENTER ................. 3 II. POINTS OF CONTACT (POC).............................................................................................. 3 III. HEALTH & MENTAL HEALTH RESOURCES FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY

345

History's Contributions to the Renewal in the Sociology of the State. Crossed Franco-American Perspectives , Tocqueville Review, vol. XXXIII, N2, 2013,  

E-print Network

« History's Contributions to the Renewal in the Sociology of the State. Crossed Franco-American Perspectives », Tocqueville Review, vol. XXXIII, N°2, 2013, p.43-70. HISTORY'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE RENEWAL, considering only modern history, the first branch to engage with the State thematic, focus has also shifted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

346

Military specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The current situation relative to the military specification is that there is not one specific model of turbulence which people are using. Particular disagreement exists on how turbulence levels will vary with qualitative analysis. It does not tie one down to specifics. When it comes to flying quality specifications, many feel that one should stay with the definitions of the Cooper-Harper rating scale but allow the levels to shift depending on the level of turbulence. There is a ride quality specification in the MIL-SPEC having to do with flight control systems design that is related to a turbulence model. This spec (MIL-F8785C) and others are discussed.

Reynolds, Philip

1987-01-01

347

Copyright American Museum of Natural History 2001 ISSN 0003-0082 / Price $2.10 PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY  

E-print Network

near Santa Isabel, Columbia (Rin- gulet,1980a), Helobdella titicacensis (Rin- gulet,1959) in Lake Titicaca, and Maiabdella batracophila (Ringuelet, 1980b). #12;2 NO. 3341AMERICAN MUSEUM NOVITATES Map 1

Siddall, Mark E.

348

Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic). American lobster. [Homarus americanus  

SciTech Connect

This species profile is a literature summary of the taxonomy, morphology, distribution, life history, and environmental requirements of the American lobster (Homarus americanus). These species profiles are designed to assist in the preparation of environmental impact assessments. The American lobster is a valuable commercial shellfish. After spawning, lobsters undergo a series of molts; as adults they live in coastal and offshore waters. Lobsters are captured in baited traps and incidentally in trawls. About 5 to 6 million pounds were captured commercially in 1983, a downward trend from 1971. Major environmental factors affecting reproduction, growth, and survival are water temperature, oxygen concentration, salinity, and substrate. 82 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

MacKenzie, C.; Moring, J.R.

1985-04-01

349

American Women Through Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many resources that detail the contributions of women in American history, but this particular site does so in an organized and intelligent fashion. Created by Ken Middleton, a reference librarian at Middle Tennessee State University, the site is chronologically organized, and visitors can read through each area to learn about various online resources that deal with each historical era. The primary timeline covers the world of Native Americans all the way up to the year 2001. The site also has a "Other Timelines" section, which includes links to timelines that tell the stories of notable women in history and topical ones as well, such as those dealing with feminism, Jewish women, and women in the military.

Middleton, Ken, 1964-

350

P.O. Box 2183, Newark, NJ 07114 | P:973-996-8342 | info@wim-n.com | WWW.WIM-N.COM WOMEN'S HISTORY MONTH FILM FESTIVAL AT RUTGERSNEWARK  

E-print Network

Shrivastava; and · Sista' Soldier examines the history of African American women in the US military in recognition of Womens History Month, are free and open to the public. About the Event: "This festival P.O. Box 2183, Newark, NJ 07114 | P:973-996-8342 | info@wim-n.com | WWW.WIM-N.COM WOMEN

351

Smithsonian Institution-National Museum of Natural History: North American Mammals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Taking online field guides to a whole new level, the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History has brought this gem to the Internet for students, teachers, and naturalists of all ages. The website provides information for over 400 mammal species and includes high-quality range maps, photographs, scientific illustrations, family tree diagrams, weights and measures, and more. Integrating new technologies, the site offers interactive Geographic Information System (GIS) maps that pinpoint the location of different mammal species. Site visitors can also choose from a variety of map overlays to assist mammal searches including rivers, cities, topography, state boundaries, and US interstate highways. The site provides the conservation status for different species; create-your-own field guide options; skull, teeth, and bone images; resource links; and a helpful glossary as well. The website is based on the _Mammals of North America_ by Roland W. Kays and Don E. Wilson, and _The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals_ by Don E. Wilson and Sue Ruff. This site is also reviewed in the August 6, 2004 _NSDL Life Sciences Report_ .

352

3 CFR 9048 - Proclamation 9048 of October 31, 2013. Military Family Month, 2013  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...encourage every American to do their part. Together, let us support our military children as they learn, grow, and live their dreams. And let us keep our military families strong and secure. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the...

2014-01-01

353

Online and Blended Climate Change Courses for Secondary School Educators from the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) has created both online and blended climate change education courses directed toward secondary school educators. The online course carries graduate credit and is authored by leading scientists at AMNH and at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies. It focuses on weather and climate; sources of climate change; the response of the climate system to input; modeling, theory and observation; what we can learn from past climates; and potential consequences, risks and uncertainties. The blended course includes an abbreviated version of the online course along with additional activities, many suitable for classroom use. Both the online and blended course experiences will be reviewed, including the use of an educational version of NASA's Global Climate Model. Attendees will be provided with a DVD of Climate Change videos and data visualizations from the American Museum of Natural History.

Steiner, R. V.; Contino, J.; Kinzler, R. J.; Mathez, E. A.; Randle, D. E.; Schmidt, G. A.; Shindell, D. T.

2012-12-01

354

Online and Blended Climate Change Courses for Secondary School Educators from the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) has created both online and blended climate change education courses directed toward secondary school educators. The online course carries graduate credit and is authored by leading scientists at AMNH and at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies. It focuses on weather and climate; sources of climate change; the response of the climate system to input; modeling, theory and observation; what we can learn from past climates; and potential consequences, risks and uncertainties. The blended course includes an abbreviated version of the online course along with additional activities, many suitable for classroom use. Both the online and blended course experiences will be reviewed, including the use of an educational version of NASA's Global Climate Model. Attendees will be provided with a DVD of Climate Change videos and data visualizations from the American Museum of Natural History.

Steiner, Robert

2012-03-01

355

Military Campaign Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress, this fine digital archive brings together thousands of maps that offer great detail about major military conflicts, including such information as troop movements, defensive structures and groundworks, campsites, local buildings, topography and vegetation. On the site, visitors can also learn about how the maps were digitized, along with specific information about the various technical equipment used to capture the full content of each document. The archive of documents here is not solely historically focused, as there are maps of more contemporary conflict sites, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. The entire contents of the archive may be searched in a variety of methods, including through the use of keywords, browsing through a subject list, a creator index, and a geographic location index. From some rather interesting maps of the Brandywine to a Dutch map showing locations of military importance in Pennsylvania and New York, this site will be of interest to historians, cartographers, and many others.

356

Comparison of Attitudes, Knowledge and Drug Abuse Among Military Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Military offenders' (N=69) attitudes towards drugs, knowledge about drugs, and reported drug abuse histories were analyzed. Results indicated a significantly positive relationship between all three variables. Military offenders who had drug use histories also had more liberal attitudes toward drug use and a greater degree of knowledge about drugs.…

Ratliff, Bascom W.

1977-01-01

357

3 CFR 8345 - Proclamation 8345 of February 2, 2009. National African American History Month, 2009  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Marshall, the African American community has steadily made progress toward the dreams within its grasp and the promise of our Nation. Meanwhile, the belief that those dreams might one day be realized by all of our citizens gave African American...

2010-01-01

358

The History of Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Engineering is everywhere in life, but rarely are the origins of this profession ever discussed. This website, created by Engineering Technology Pathways, traces the roots of engineering back to ancient civilizations. Things such as the building of the pyramids, engineering during the industrial revolution and even military engineering during the American Revolution are featured in this presentation. The author, Greg Heitkamp, divides the timeline in four majors periods, they are: the pre-scientific revolution, the industrial revolution, the second industrial revolution, and finally the information age. In the end, there is a brief quiz to test the knowledge gained through this history lesson. Overall, this is a good activity as it introduces students to the lesser known history of the field of engineering.

Heitkamp, Greg

359

Asian/Pacific American Librarians Association--A History of APALA and Its Founders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the societal and professional, as well as the personal, contexts which motivated the creation of the Asian/Pacific American Librarians Association (APALA) and its predecessor, the Asian American Librarians Caucus/Association (AALC/A). Includes profiles of the Asian/Pacific American library leaders who established these organizations and…

Yamashita, Kenneth A.

2000-01-01

360

9th Annual Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History  

E-print Network

9th Annual Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair Sam Noble Oklahoma from the Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair! We are pleasedK ­ 12th) · Song in Native American Language (PreK ­ 12th) NEW for 2011

Oklahoma, University of

361

The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar…

Fraser, Cary

2009-01-01

362

New York City International Polar Weekend at the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Museum of Natural History, in partnership with Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and the Earth Institute of Columbia University and Barnard College, is featuring the International Polar Year through a New York City International Polar Weekend (NYC-IPW) in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The event showcases current polar research, polar environmental changes, history and culture during two days of family programs and activities, performances, and lectures. The goal of the NYC-IPW is to engage diverse audiences and enhance the public understanding of polar science, in particular IPY research, through close interactions with polar experts. Activities for the public include many disciplines, ranging from the physical sciences and cultural anthropology to music and art, and are presented in many forms, from lectures, panels and films to posters and play. Highlights of the NYC-IPW include: 1) A polar fair for youth and adults, showcasing scientists, artists, and educators who have worked at one or both poles and including many interactive exhibits featuring such topics as life in New York at the end of the last Ice Age, how Arctic sea ice is changing, and life on and under the ice. 2) Performances and presentations oriented towards children and families, including Inuit Throat Singers, Central Park Zoo Theater Group, and a northern lights show. 3) Lectures showcasing current IPY research and addressing such issues as the possible effects of climate change on the poles and the rest of the world, as well as polar poetry, art and film. 4) A partnership with New York City Urban Advantage program for Middle School students in the city to meet with scientists, teachers and students who had participated in polar research and travel. 5) Norwegian Consulate sponsorship of science presenters and Sami performers. The March 2007 event involved 85 presenters and volunteers from 22 institutions, and attracted ca. 3,500 visitors. Approximately 5,000 visitors attended the February 2008 event with 95 presenters and volunteers from 24 institutions. Visitors surveyed appreciated interacting with polar experts, gaining a new understanding of changing polar environments, and connecting science with art and culture. The NYC-IPW is a new and unique partnership between with the research community and public programming at AMNH that successfully engages the public in learning about the poles.

Pfirman, S.; Turrin, M.; Macphee, R.

2008-12-01

363

Its a Mans World? World History Meets the History of Masculinity, in Latin American Studies, for Instance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the vexed relationship between studies of gender and sexuality, especially as they relate to masculinity, and the growing field of world history. These bodies of scholarship have largely remained separate, even antagonistic, despite shared thematic concerns with transnational flows. Overall, world historians privilege political economy and global connections, while historians of gender and sexuality concern themselves with

2010-01-01

364

Nearby History: Exploring the Past around You. Second Edition. American Association for State and Local History Book Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comprehensive handbook on investigating the history of your community, family, local institutions, and cultural artifacts, this fully updated second edition provides insights on how to find and use published, unpublished, visual, and material records; collect information through interviews; connect individual investigations with broader…

Kyvig, David E.; Marty, Myron A.

365

American Labor in U.S. History Textbooks: How Labor's Story Is Distorted in High School History Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Imagine opening a high school U.S. history textbook and finding no mention of--or at most a passing sentence about--Valley Forge, the Missouri Compromise, or the League of Nations. Imagine not finding a word about Benjamin Franklin, Lewis and Clark, Sitting Bull, Andrew Carnegie, or Rosa Parks. Imagine if these key events and people just…

Cole, Paul F.; Megivern, Lori; Hilgert, Jeff

2011-01-01

366

Community Portraits: County Atlases as Resources for Teaching U.S. History. Cartographic Traditions in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of cartographic projects grew out of a professional development summer institute for teachers conducted in 1995 in the History Department of the University of Illinois at Chicago. Curriculum materials developed during the institute were used in various classrooms during the following school year. The collection contains selected…

Danzer, Gerald A., Ed.; Newman, Mark, Ed.

367

A Study of the Relationship Between Scores on the School and College Ability Test (SCAT Series II), the College English Placement Test (CEPT) and Academic Achievement in American History and Constitution (History 27).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of an investigation of the relationship between scores on the School and College Ability Test (SCAT), the College English Placement Test (CEPT), and grades earned in American History and Constitution (History 27 at Cerritos College, California) in order to ascertain if predictability of "successful" or "unsuccessful"…

Schaumburg, Gary F.

368

Spare the Cell, Spoil the Child: The History and Philosophy of American Juvenile Justice  

E-print Network

Clyde B. "Delinquency and Justice." Juvenile Delinquency.delinquency to construct a story of American juvenile justicejuvenile justice had undergone considerable change. The World Wars had made delinquency

Burton, Chase

2011-01-01

369

Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 46th state, Oklahoma, presents its unusual history with the online version of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. The Encyclopedia was prepared by over 500 "university-based scholars and independent historians and scholars," and was a joint effort by The Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. Visitors can click on the "Table of Contents" link near the bottom of the homepage to "Browse Entries Alphabetically", "Browse Entries Chronologically", or "Browse Entries by Subject". Browsing via chronology introduces visitors to Oklahoma starting with the "Precontact Era", through the "Westward Expansion" and on to "Twentieth Century to Present". Subject categories include "African Americans", "Farming", "Military", and "Petroleum". When searching, visitors will be taken to the Electronic Publishing Center Search Page, so they will need to choose the specific collection, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, from the drop down box, to confine the search to the Encyclopedia.

370

Shifting Gears in Life History Research: The Case of an Assimilated American Jewish Woman in Palestine\\/Israel, 1989-1991  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Superficial identification of interests can exist across borders, lifestyles, and political beliefs. It can also leave those who collect life histories vulnerable to well-spun, innccurate metaphors. An American Jewish feminist scholar examines her own oral history research in Israel to show how, following an initial identification, her categories of analysis.

Batya Weinbaum

1998-01-01

371

Shifting Gears in Life History Research: The Case of an Assimilated American Jewish Woman in Palestine\\/Israel, 1989-1991  

Microsoft Academic Search

Superficial identification of interests can exist across borders, lifestyles, and political beliefs. It can also leave those who collect life histories vulnerable to well-spun, innccurate metaphors. An American Jewish feminist scholar examines her own oral history research in Israel to show how, following an initial identification, her categories of analysis.

Batya Weinbaum

1998-01-01

372

Education, Racism, and the Military: A Critical Race Theory Analysis of the GI Bill and Its Implications for African Americans in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of the Serviceman's Readjustment Act of 1944 (the GI Bill) on African Americans' quest for higher education. The central question guiding this study follows: Why has higher education been so elusive for African Americans? With reference to this question, the following sub-questions were addressed: (1) How can the…

Mencke, Bernadette Kristine Buchanan

2010-01-01

373

First Person History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You will choose an event in history to research, and use pictures to provide evidence. 1. Using \\"Hyper History Online\\", \\"American Studies Links\\" and \\"History Matters\\", select an event or person in history (for example, the sinking of the Lusitania or Andrew Jackson). History Matters American Studies Links Recommended by Richard P. Horowitz Hyper History Online 2. Research this person or event using the above resources. 3. Search \\"Images of American Political History\\" for pictures that relate to your ...

Mrs. Merkley

2007-11-30

374

Medical history for the masses: how American comic books celebrated heroes of medicine in the 1940s.  

PubMed

When comic books rose to mass popularity in the early 1940s, one segment of the industry specialized in "true adventures," with stories about real people from the past and the present--in contrast to competing books that offered fantasy, science fiction, superheroes, detectives and crime, funny people, or funny animals. This study examines the figures from both medical history and twentieth-century medicine who were portrayed as heroes and role models in these comic books: first, to call attention to this very popular, if unknown, genre of medical history, and second, to illustrate how medical history was used at that time to popularize scientific and medical ideas, to celebrate the achievements of medical research, to encourage medical science as a career choice, and to show medicine as a humane and noble enterprise. The study explains how these medical history stories were situated in American popular culture more generally, and how the graphic power of comic books successfully conveyed both values and information while also telling a good story. Attention to this colorful genre of popular medical history enriches our picture of the mid-twentieth-century public's enthusiasm for medical progress. PMID:15161089

Hansen, Bert

2004-01-01

375

Orange County, Yellow History: An Intimate Encounter with Vietnamese American Lives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anchored on the Vietnamese American Project (VAP), this essay presents the documentation of the Vietnamese American Experience through the voices of ethnic Vietnamese in Orange County, California, home to the largest concentration of this ethnic group outside Vietnam. Groundbreaking in its approach and method, VAP is an open forum that enables…

Tranguyen, Trangdai

2004-01-01

376

Placing Women in the History of Psychology: The First American Women Psychologists  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an account of the first American women psychologists. The article provides data on the origins, education, marital status, and careers of the 22 women who identified themselves as psychologists in the first edition of American Men of Science. Further, it explores how gender shaped their experience in relation to educational and employment opportunities, responsibilities to family, and

Laurel Furumoto; Elizabeth Scarborough

1986-01-01

377

Joined Together: American Women's Literature and History in the XXth Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout American's past women of all classes, races, ethnic and religious backgrounds, sexual preferences, and political beliefs have participated in organized activities to improve women's lives. This organizational life has been rich and diverse, including literary societies, antilynching leagues, suffrage associations, the Daughters of the American revolution and others. As in the 1830s the first woman's rights movement emerged from

378

Art and the Western Experience: A Source of Information for American History Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early European and Euro-American artists documented the land, people, flora, and fauna of western North America. These artists gave Europeans and eastern Americans their first glimpse of the west. Because artists were important to the early explorers and topographers of the west, this document advocates study of western art and artists as an…

Beardsley, Donna A.

379

Critical Contexts for Biomedical Research in a Native American Community: Health Care, History, and Community Survival  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Native Americans have been underrepresented in previous studies of biomedical research participants. This paper reports a qualitative interview study of Native Americans' perspectives on biomedical research. In-depth interviews were conducted with 53 members of a Southwest tribal community. Many interviewees viewed biomedical research studies as a…

Sahota, Puneet Chawla

2012-01-01

380

Women in History--Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte: American Physician and Heroine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article profiles Susan LaFlesche Picotte, the first Native American woman doctor in the United States. Several accounts record that at a very young age Picotte witnessed an incident involving a Caucasian doctor who refused to care for a dying Native American woman. Picotte was inspired by that incident to become a physician, ultimately…

Krumm, Bernita L.

2005-01-01

381

TRICARE, Military Health System  

MedlinePLUS

... a Doctor Book Appointments Getting Care When Traveling Military Hospitals and Clinics Multi-Service Markets Network Providers ... of TRICARE Coverage Get Dental Care View My Military Health Record Less TRICARE News TRICARE’s Beneficiary Web ...

382

British military forensic psychiatry.  

PubMed

Military psychiatry has recently generated a lot of interest. In contrast there is virtually no literature on military forensic psychiatry. The first section of the paper is a brief review of British military psychiatric services and recent data on the prevalence of mental illness in British armed forces personnel. The second section summarizes the relevant aspects of the British military judicial and penal systems including the practice of summary justice, the court martial system, and sentencing and corrective training. The third section of the paper addresses issues which are particular to forensic psychiatry, including mental defences in relation to the military, the military offences of malingering and impersonation, risk assessment in military contexts and the notion of 'temperamental unsuitability' to military service. PMID:15176622

Turner, Mark A; Neal, Leigh A

2004-04-01

383

Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom, Topic IX.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four modules of classroom strategies provide suggestions for examining U.S. history in light of contemporary issues. "The Right to Life" uses the Karen Anne Quinlan case as a model for exploring moral, legal, and medical issues related to euthanasia. Students discuss the reasoning and viewpoints of various groups associated with the case, and they…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

384

Growing Up in America, Part II. Materials for Using American Issues Forum in the American History Classroom. Topic VIII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven modules about aspects of growing up in America are presented for incorporation into 11th grade social studies curricula. Content covers a variety of issues spanning a time period from America's colonial history through the present. Each module suggests discussion questions based on primary sources. Module one explores dimensions of religious…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

385

Space and the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter began by providing a foundation to analyze military space issues by discussing three ways to describe spacepower: space activity sectors (civil, commercial, intelligence, and defense); military space mission areas (space support, force enhancement, space control, and force application); and military space doctrines (sanctuary, survivability, control, and high ground). It then briefly described the major organizations that are stakeholders

Peter Hays

386

Military Risk Assessment  

E-print Network

Military Risk Assessment: From Conventional Warfare to Counter Insurgency Operations C.W. Johnson 8 reserved. ISBN 978-0-85261-933-9 #12;Military Risk Assessment 3 Contents 1 An Introduction to Military Risk Management ............................................. 10 1.1 Risk Management Processes in MIL STD 882D

Williamson, John

387

Speciational history of North American Haemorhous finches (Aves: Fringillidae) inferred from multilocus data.  

PubMed

We investigated species relationships and timing of speciation in North American Haemorhous finches by using a mitochondrial phylogeographic approach combined with a multilocus species tree reconstruction. Haemorhous purpureus and H. cassinii were strongly supported as sister taxa, and H. mexicanus was sister to H. purpureus+H. cassinii. Our divergence times indicated that diversification within Haemorhous occurred progressively from the Late Miocene into the Pleistocene. Our inferred pattern of speciation demonstrates the complexity of the origins of North American birds, and provides additional evidence that a single cause for speciation in closely related North American birds, such as Late Pleistocene glacial-interglacial cycles, is unlikely. PMID:23219607

Smith, Brian Tilston; Bryson, Robert W; Chua, Vivien; Africa, Lia; Klicka, John

2013-03-01

388

Military and Civilian Undergraduates: Attitudes Toward Women, Masculinity, and Authoritarianism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of civilian and military college environments and undergraduates' sex on gender role attitudes and authoritarianism was investigated. Three hundred thirteen male and 69 female, primarily white middle-class students at the United States Naval Academy, United States Air Force Academy, Reserve Officer Training Corps, and a civilian university participated. Approximately 7% were Hispanic, 6% African-American, and 5% Asian-American. Military

Sharon E. Robinson Kurpius; A. Leigh Lucart

2000-01-01

389

The Military Socialization of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Revision of a paper presented at the American Sociological Association meetings, Denver, Colo., 1971. The effects of military training in a university setting on the attitudes of prospective army officers are examined. ROTC recruits students with militaristic attitudes; the Corps serves to insulate cadets from the liberalizing effects of the…

Goertzel, Ted; Hengst, Acco

1971-01-01

390

At a Crossroad: Filipino American History and the Old Timer's Generation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge of the experience of Filipino immigrants of the 1920s and 1930s informs that of post-1965 immigrants. The complexity of the old-timers' accommodation to American life parallels a similarly complex response from the newcomers. (LHW)

Posadas, Barbara M.

1987-01-01

391

The evolution of South American endemic canids: a history of rapid diversification and morphological parallelism.  

PubMed

The origin of endemic South American canid fauna has been traditionally linked with the rise of the Isthmus of Panama, suggesting that diversification of the dog fauna on this continent occurred very rapidly. Nevertheless, despite its obvious biogeographic appeal, the tempo of Canid evolution in South America has never been studied thoroughly. This issue can be suitably tackled with the inference of a molecular timescale. In this study, using a relaxed molecular clock method, we estimated that the most recent common ancestor of South American canids lived around 4 Ma, whereas all other splits within the clade occurred after the rise of the Panamanian land bridge. We suggest that the early diversification of the ancestors of the two main lineages of South American canids may have occurred in North America, before the Great American Interchange. Moreover, a concatenated morphological and molecular analysis put some extinct canid species well within the South American radiation, and shows that the dental adaptations to hypercarnivory evolved only once in the South American clade. PMID:20002250

Perini, F A; Russo, C A M; Schrago, C G

2010-02-01

392

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (81st, Baltimore, Maryland, August 5-8, 1998). History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The History section of the Proceedings contains the following 18 papers: "Pioneers in the State Freedom of Information Movement" (Jeanni Atkins and James A. Lumpp); "'Censorship Liberally Administered': Press, U.S. Military Relations in the Spanish-American War" (Randall S. Sumpter); "Two Tales of One City: How Cultural Perspective Influenced the…

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication.

393

A Little History of North American Indians: The Navajos. New Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reprint of a 1909 volume portrays the life and history of the Navajo people, based on the personal experiences of an unusually enlightened white observer. The first three chapters cover the Navajo's early history, discovery by Spanish explorers, evidence of a prehistoric and possibly ancestral race, and the beauties of the Navajo's rugged…

Lipps, Oscar H.

394

Introduction history and species characteristics partly explain naturalization success of North American woody species in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary 1. The search for general characteristics of invasive species has not been very successful yet. A reason for this could be that current invasion patterns are mainly reflecting the introduction history (i.e. time since introduction and propagule pressure) of the species. Accurate data on the introduction history are, however, rare, particularly for introduced alien species that have not established.

Anna Bucharova; Mark van Kleunen

2009-01-01

395

History Writing that's "Good to Think with": "The Great Fire," "Blizzard!" and "An American Plague"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I argue that history books that are "good to think with" narrate history and, at the same time, provide insight into how it is constructed. These books are much more than collections of facts. Specifically, they provide information about historical context, multiple perspectives, sources of information, and original interpretation.…

Zarnowski, Myra

2009-01-01

396

Literature Connections to American History, K-6: Resources to Enhance and Entice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 2,600 historical fiction novels, biographies, history trade books, CD-ROMs, and videotapes published between 1990 and 1998 are listed in this resource guide designed for teachers and librarians. The guide allows educators to easily locate quality materials to supplement U.S. history courses. Titles are listed first, according to grade…

Adamson, Lynda G.

397

The history of native Americans and the misdirected study of organised crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional chronologies of the history of organised crime in America tend to focus on the arrival of large numbers of Italian immigrants in the 1890s as the catalyst for organised crime. However, analysis of the history of interactions between colonists and aboriginal peoples in North America suggests a much earlier incipience of organised criminal activity marked by the arrival of

Jane Dickson-Gilmore; Michael Woodiwiss

2008-01-01

398

Literature Connections to American History, 7-12: Resources to Enhance and Entice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 3,300 historical fiction novels, biographies, history trade books, CD-ROMs, and videotapes published between 1990 and 1998 are listed in this resource guide designed for teachers and librarians. The guide allows educators to easily locate quality materials to supplement U.S. history courses. Titles are listed first, according to grade…

Adamson, Lynda G.

399

Space systems and the military geography of future regional conflicts  

SciTech Connect

The application of space systems to military operations as seen in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm will surely transform regional security environments around the world and rewrite the military geography of conflicts, alliances, and industrial strategies. The first part of this report outlines the significance of space systems for contemporary military operations, as seen recently in the operations against Iraq; the second parts describes the likely response of other actors and regions; the third section discusses implications of these developments for the future military geography of regions important to American security; and the fourth highlights programmatic implications for future US capabilities. 34 refs.

Butterworth, R.L.

1992-01-01

400

11.014J / 21H.232J American Urban History II, Fall 2004  

E-print Network

This is a seminar course that explores the history of selected features of the physical environment of urban America. Among the features considered are parks, cemeteries, tenements, suburbs, zoos, skyscrapers, department ...

Fogelson, Robert

401

A Girl Scout Badge Guide from the National Museum of American History  

E-print Network

& 23 Greensboro Lunch Counter and the Civil Rights Movement Page 12 History Detective Page 12 House Snapshots in Time Page 18 Spark!Lab Pages 6 & 7 Students Sit for Civil Rights Page 15 Visit Your Government

Mathis, Wayne N.

402

Breaking away from the Textbook: A Creative Approach to Teaching American History. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Third Edition" updates the decades of the 1980s and 1990s and moves into the events and issues of the 21st century. Designed as a teaching supplement for any U.S. history course of study, it can be used in its entirety or selectively to fill in gaps left by traditional textbooks and curricula. The authors seek to bring U.S. history to life…

Kintisch, Shelly; Cordero, Wilma

2005-01-01

403

African-American Studies 46. . . . . . . . . . . American Studies 48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  

E-print Network

African-American Studies 46. . . . . . . . . . . American Studies 48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . History 182. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . History of Science 202. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Women's and Gender Studies 310. . . . . . . Critical Reasoning and Analytical Skills (CRAAS) Courses 316

Aalberts, Daniel P.

404

Grounding Immigrant Generations in History: Cuban Americans and Their Transnational Ties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated differences in views and involvements between two cohorts of first generation Cuban-American immigrants. Interviews with immigrants indicated that the first wave left between 1959-1979 mainly for political reasons and publicly opposes travel to Cuba. The second wave immigrated largely for economic reasons and is enmeshed in…

Eckstein, Susan; Barberia, Lorena

2002-01-01

405

Middle Miocene to present plate tectonic history of the southern Central American Volcanic Arc  

Microsoft Academic Search

New mid Miocene to present plate tectonic reconstructions of the southern Central American Volcanic Arc (CAVA) reveal that the inception of Cocos Ridge subduction began no earlier than 3 Ma, and possibly as late as 2 Ma. The Cocos Ridge has been displaced from the Malpelo Ridge to the southeast since ?9 Ma along the Panama Fracture Zone (PFZ) system.

Ian MacMillan; Phillip B. Gans; Guillermo Alvarado

2004-01-01

406

History, Commemoration, and Belief: Abraham Lincoln in American Memory, 1945-2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since Maurice Halbwachs's pioneering work, most scholars have been content to explore collective memory through texts and commemorative symbolism. Assuming that a study of collective memory has fuller meaning when it takes into account what ordinary people think about the past, we compare historians' and commemorative agents' representations of Abraham Lincoln to what four national samples of Americans believe

Barry Schwartz; Howard Schuman

2005-01-01

407

Teaching about the Influence of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment on Early American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizes selections from 17th century philosophical writing as instructional material for a series of learning activities that reveal the influence of the material on early American democratic thought. Activities involve selections from Isaac Newton, John Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, The Declaration of Independence, and Bishop Bossuet. (MJP)

Mills, Randy K.; Woods, John C.

1996-01-01

408

The Multiple Possibilities of Decency: Family and Society in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on three family-related issues: (1) the extraordinary complexity with which families perform educational and socializing functions and the corresponding danger of using simplistic cause and effect models to explain family behavior; (2) the ability of historical and contemporary American families to adapt to massive changes in…

Schlossman, Steven L.

409

History Matters: Children's Art Education inside the Japanese American Internment Camp  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What did art education look like within the confines of the Japanese American Internment Camp classrooms? Did the art education in the camps reflect the same curriculum that was being taught outside the camps and what other factors may have played a part in the students' experience? I propose that there were at least three significant…

Wenger, Gina Mumma

2012-01-01

410

The War at Home: Oral Histories from Japanese Americans at Seabrook Farms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Japanese American relocation program during World War II. Maintains that one option to the camps was to move to Seabrook Farms, a vegetable and food processing facility in New Jersey. Presents oral historical accounts and photographs of Seabrook. (CFR)

Humanities, 1995

1995-01-01

411

The American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare: History and Grand Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conceptualized by social work deans and actualized with the support of major social work organizations, the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare was established in 2009. This article describes the historical context and creation of the Academy, whose objectives include recognizing outstanding social work scholars and practitioners;…

Barth, Richard P.; Gilmore, Grover C.; Flynn, Marilyn S.; Fraser, Mark W.; Brekke, John S.

2014-01-01

412

Junior High Unit Spans Five Disciplines: American History Comes Alive in Ohio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A time of upheaval and innovation, the American Colonial Period (1600-1775) was marked by New World settlers' struggles to adapt to a life that lacked anything familiar or prefabricated. The period provides a rich opportunity to study the contributions of the colonists across multiple disciplines. In the fall of 2003, a team of eighth-grade…

Needham, Rosalind

2004-01-01

413

PHYLOGEOGRAPHY, POSTGLACIAL GENE FLOW, AND POPULATION HISTORY OF NORTH AMERICAN NORTHERN GOSHAWKS (ACCIPITER GENTILIS)  

E-print Network

(ACCIPITER GENTILIS) Shelley Bayard de Volo,1,2,5 richard T. reynoldS,2 Sarah a. SonSThagen,3,4 Sandra l. Tal American Northern Goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) were historically isolated within multiple Late Pleistocene February 2013. Key words: Accipiter gentilis, Apache goshawk, mitochondrial DNA control region, Northern

414

Adaptive harvest management of North American waterfowl populations: a brief history and future prospects  

E-print Network

to the establishment of sport hunting regulations for mid-continent North American Mallard ducks, Anas platyrhynchos used an adaptive approach to the management of sport har- vest of mid-continent Mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) in North America. This approach differs from many current approaches to conservation

Steury, Todd D.

415

Values in History: Changing Interpretations of the American Presidency from 1945-1965.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper traces the period 1945-65 when scholars of the American presidency changed their emphasis from the study of individual presidents to examination of the presidency itself and the powers it encompassed. The change was prompted by events such as World War II, development of the atomic bomb, and the Cold War. Evidence that mankind was…

Miller, James R.

416

National Museum of American History Meet Kit Kittredge: 1934, Cincinnati, Ohio  

E-print Network

, serves as a soldier in the United States Colored Troops, and is eventually reunited with Addy and his in the same units as white soldiers. Medals like this one show that the heroic actions of African American soldiers were recognized. uWhy was a separate medal made for Colored Troops? Do you think this is fair? #12

Mathis, Wayne N.

417

The History and Development of the Alabama Division of the American Rehabilitation Counseling Association  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alabama Division of the American Rehabilitation Association is an organization committed to representing those counselors who work in the field of rehabilitation across the state. The division is focused on offering leadership within the field of rehabilitation counseling, promoting professional development opportunities for counselors, and…

Templeton, Mary Anne

2007-01-01

418

A Brief History of and Future Considerations for Research in American Indian and Alaska Native Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historical views about individuals and communities shape the ways that researchers interact with people and their communities. The European settlers thought of Native Americans as savages in need of socialization. Accordingly, the first researchers had little concern for the needs of Native people and their communities and sought to impose Western…

Davis, Jamie D.; Keemer, Kelly

419

A Part, Yet Apart: South Asians in Asian America. Asian American History and Culture Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection consider the extent to which South Asian Americans are included within "Asian America" as the term is applied to academic programs and admissions policies, grassroots community organizing and politics, and critical analyses of cultural products. The essays are: (1) "Within Kaleidoscope Eyes: The Potential (Dangers) of…

Shankar, Lavina Dhingra, Ed.; Srikanth, Rajini, Ed.

420

Our Documents: A National Initiative on American History, Civics, and Service. Teacher Sourcebook, Volume II  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do Matthew Brady, Carrie Chapman Catt, Ansel Adams, Orson Welles, and J. Howard Miller have to do with the 100 milestone documents? A few hints: Matthew Brady created the first photographic documentation of a war. Carrie Chapman Catt was the president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association in 1920. Orson Welles produced plays for…

Mazzenga, Maria, Ed.; McCullough, Julie, Ed.

2003-01-01

421

Race and Education: The Roles of History and Society in Educating African American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of papers on race in U.S. education written by scholars who believe that improvement in the educational achievement of African American children will not occur by changing the curriculum or achieving desegregation. True change requires innovations based on replacing constructs rooted in past white hegemony and its…

Watkins, William H., Ed.; Lewis, James H., Ed.; Chou, Victoria, Ed.

422

From Revolution to Reconstruction: A WWW Project In Collective Writing: A Hypertext on American History: From the Colonial Period Until Modern Times  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"From Revolution to Reconstruction, and What Happened Afterwards" is an ongoing hypertext history of the United States. The backbone of the document is a U.S. Information Agency document called "An Outline of American History." The site is divided into eight chapters covering the colonial period to the Bush administration. Hypertext links are made to literally hundreds of full text documents including Presidents' addresses, the Federalist Papers, the Confessions of Nat Turner, the Mayflower Compact, the Northwest Ordinance, and excerpts from F.L. Olmsted's "A Journey in the Seaboard Slave States." The power of this site is not in its collection of documents, but in how they are accessed via hypertext and appear in context of the history presented. At present the content predominantly covers early American history, however the site is a work in progress.

1998-01-01

423

The historical context of science and education at the American Museum of Natural History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article I critically examine the historical context of science education in a natural history museum and its relevance to using museum resources to teach science today. I begin with a discussion of the historical display of race and its relevance to my practice of using the Museum's resources to teach science. I continue with a critical review of the history of the education department in a natural history museum to demonstrate the historical constitution of current practices of the education department. Using sociocultural constructs around identity formation and transformation, I move to the present with a case study of a teacher who transforms the structure of science education in her classroom and school as a result of her identity transformation and association with a museum-based professional education program.

Adams, Jennifer D.

2007-04-01

424

72 American Studies American Studies  

E-print Network

of American Studies and Anthropology), Scholnick, Webster (Mahoney Professor of Art and Art HistoryGovern, Meyer (Class of 1964 Distinguished Associate Professor of American Studies and History) Weiss, Wulf, such as the relations between men and women in the home. Yet, in the midst of these large movements of history, many

Lewis, Robert Michael

425

“Are we a family or a business?” History and disjuncture in the urban American street gang  

Microsoft Academic Search

After 1987, in pool halls and city parks, high school football games, storefront churches, youth centers, and other sites where police presence was minimal, high-ranking leaders from Chicago’s largest AfricanAmerican street gang ‘‘Nations’’ began meeting to discuss the latest period of change in their respective associations. Adorned in jewelry and expensive designer clothes, and transported in luxury cars, the leaders

Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh; Steven D. Levitt

2000-01-01

426

Ancient DNA Clarifies the Evolutionary History of American Late Pleistocene Equids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hippidions are past members of the equid lineage which appeared in the South American fossil record around 2.5 Ma but then\\u000a became extinct during the great late Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. According to fossil records and numerous dental, cranial,\\u000a and postcranial characters, Hippidion and Equus lineages were expected to cluster in two distinct phylogenetic groups that diverged at least 10 MY, long before

Ludovic Orlando; Dean Male; Maria Teresa Alberdi; Jose Luis Prado; Alfredo Prieto; Alan Cooper; Catherine Hänni

2008-01-01

427

What history courses are there? History and Film Studies  

E-print Network

Essentials What history courses are there? History History and Film Studies History and Philosophy History and Politics History and Sociology American Studies and History (p33) Anthropology and History (p35) English and History (p69) What A levels/IB scores do I need? (For other qualifications

Sussex, University of

428

Depositional history of sedimentary linear alkylbenzenes (LABs) in a large South American industrial coastal area (Santos Estuary, Southeastern Brazil).  

PubMed

This paper reports the reconstruction of the contamination history of a large South American industrial coastal area (Santos Estuary, Brazil) using linear alkylbenzenes (LABs). Three sediment cores were dated by (137)Cs. Concentrations in surficial layers were comparable to the midrange concentrations reported for coastal sediments worldwide. LAB concentrations increased towards the surface, indicating increased waste discharges into the estuary in recent decades. The highest concentration values occurred in the early 1970s, a time of intense industrial activity and marked population growth. The decreased LAB concentration, in the late 1970s was assumed to be the result of the world oil crisis. Treatment of industrial effluents, which began in 1984, was represented by decreased LAB levels. Microbial degradation of LABs may be more intense in the industrial area sediments. The results show that industrial and domestic waste discharges are a historical problem in the area. PMID:20817368

Martins, César C; Bícego, Márcia C; Mahiques, Michel M; Figueira, Rubens C L; Tessler, Moyses G; Montone, Rosalinda C

2010-11-01

429

Materials and Area of Study for Advanced Placement Program in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and evaluates benefits of advanced placement programs and identifies materials which can help high school history classroom teachers develop effective advanced placement programs. An advanced placement program is defined as a program which requires a student to do extensive research and writing throughout the school year.…

Santos, Peter A.

430

vol. 172, no. 3 the american naturalist september 2008 Natural History Note  

E-print Network

: Imperfect Vertical Transmission of Fungal Endophytes in Grasses Michelle E. Afkhami* and Jennifer A. Rudgers history surveys of fungal endophytes in grasses, we show that transmission was im- perfect in at least one stage for all seven host species examined. Endophytes were lost at all possible stages: within adult

Rudgers, Jennifer

431

American Pathfinders: Using Ray Bradbury's "Martian Chronicles" To Teach Frontier History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an interdisciplinary thematic unit designed for eleventh graders that uses selected chapters of "The Martian Chronicles" to teach frontier history. Maintains that Bradbury's novel enriches students' understanding of the frontier because it compares the interactions between Native inhabitants of Mars and Earthlings to the interactions…

Schmalholz, Deborah Wielgot

1999-01-01

432

Exploration to Constitution: Booklet 1. Critical Thinking in American History. [Student Manual].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this student booklet presents high school students with a series of supplementary lessons on the exploration of early America, the colonies, the revolution, and the Constitution. The booklet begins with a guide to critical thinking…

O'Reilly, Kevin

433

Teaching American Popular Culture: History and Economic Reasoning Are Only the Beginning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that students seldom understand the history of U.S. popular culture, although such cultural attributes as shopping malls and advertising can be used to teach economic and historical understanding. Presents a model that indicates the interrelationship between U.S. popular culture and economic concepts. (CFR)

Kraig, Beth

1994-01-01

434

Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of the American Industrial Enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book shows how the seventy largest corporations in America have dealt with a single economic problem: the effective administration of an expanding business. The author summarizes the history of the expansion of the nation's largest industries during the past hundred years and then examines in depth the modern decentralized corporate structure as it was developed independently by four companies--du

Alfred D. Chandler

1962-01-01

435

A Story Well Told: Rich Narrative Engages California Fifth Grade Students in American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational publisher Pearson/Scott-Foresman in 2006 introduced curriculum to address California History/Social Studies standards. Fifth grade students have difficulty comprehending non-fiction text that is informative enough to have historical accuracy. The publisher promotes a program that features a standard in every lesson, and promises no…

Huson, Julie Alice

2007-01-01

436

Reconstruction to Progressivism: Booklet 3. Critical Thinking in American History. [Student Manual].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of curriculum materials in U.S. history designed to teach critical thinking skills systematically, this teacher's guide presents high school students with supplementary lessons on the Reconstruction period, industrialism, labor and immigration, and progressivism and populism. The student booklet begins with a guide to critical…

O'Reilly, Kevin

437

Using Fiction to Teach American History in Middle School: Affects on Student Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research highlights the effects of using literature and relevant curriculum to teach history in grade levels 6 through 8, and analyzes how students respond when learning complicated themes and events through the medium of historic fiction. Specifically, my research seeks to inform secondary educators concerning the use of the narrative and…

Elias, Anjuli Rose

2010-01-01

438

A Study of the Relationship between Historical Analysis and Student Achievement in Eighth Grade American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this action research project was to study the relationship between Historical Analysis and student performance on the California Standards Test (CSTs), both English Language Arts and History, as well as to study the relationship between Historical Analysis and Reading Comprehension. It was believed that Historical Analysis required…

Stuart, Kevin

2010-01-01

439

Many Educational Pasts: Conservative Visions and Revisions of American Educational History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Recent attention to Texas's revision of its state social-studies curricula has focused on the Texas School Board's conservative vision of America's history. Texas is not alone. Conservative educational activists have achieved a great deal of success in recent years in revising the historical narrative prescribed for America's…

Laats, Adam

2012-01-01

440

American History Time Lines. Grades 4-8. Big, Reproducible, Easy-To-Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource is designed to enhance learning about topics in United States history. The reproducible time lines are easy to use and is designed to encourage students to research other dates and events of the era under study. Suggestions are given for classroom use. The introduction has instructional subjects, such as: "12 Great Ways To Use These…

Buckley, Susan Washburn

441

This article was downloaded by:[American Museum of Natural History] On: 22 July 2008  

E-print Network

Department of Zoology, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch 7602, South Africa. c Department.1080/10635150290102311 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Full terms and conditions of use: http://www.informaworld.com/terms-and-conditions-of-access.pdf on the history of northeastern Africa because the fauna is composed of dif- ferent elements with different

DeSalle, Rob

442

The Revolution of Markets and Management: Toward a History of American Higher Education since 1945.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a history of the latest revolution in higher education, emphasizing the importance of increasing free market forces in institutional policy formation and the development of new management capabilities within academe. Discusses historiographic considerations and curriculum transitions, suggesting relevant considerations for the formation…

Best, John Hardin

1988-01-01

443

The Images of Our Time: Using Iconic Photographs in Developing a Modern American History Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

History courses based on chronological narratives in textbooks often assume a linear format through which students accumulate substantial amounts of surface-level information, with the various pieces of that information being disconnected from each other and from larger historical contexts. In addition, such narratives are often dry and lifeless,…

Lindquist, David H.

2012-01-01

444

Black History Month: A Reflection and Recognition of the African American Family (Revised).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional materials for use during Black History Month in elementary and secondary schools are compiled in this booklet. Background information, instructional activities, and resources for classroom use are included for all disciplines. The materials are designed to reflect the relationship between past and present events in African and…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of Civil Rights and Intercultural Relations.

445

From the Battlefront of the Texas History Wars: Contending with "American Exceptionalism"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was in late May of 2010 that the Texas State Board of Education (SBOE) took their final vote on the curriculum standards that will have an impact on what millions of students in Texas as well as dozens of other states will learn about history and social studies for the next 10 years. These "Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills" (TEKS) standards…

Noboa, Julio

2011-01-01

446

History of Science as Interdisciplinary Education in American Colleges: Its Origins, Advantages, and Pitfalls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Before 1950, history of science did not exist as an independent academic branch, but was instead pursued by practitioners across various humanities and scientific disciplines. After professionalization, traces of its prehistory as a cross-disciplinary area of interest bound to an interdisciplinary, educational philosophy have remained. This essay…

Viterbo, Paula

2007-01-01

447

vol. 183, no. 2 the american naturalist february 2014 Natural History Note  

E-print Network

't Perfect: Could Disease and Flooding Drive a Life-History Anomaly in Trinidadian Guppies? Sarah W. Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523; 2. Lehrstuhl fu¨r Zoologie. Department of Biology, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 Submitted February 27, 2013

Funk, W. Chris

448

"Remember the Ladies!" A Handbook of Women in American History. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook for teaching about women in U.S. history classes is arranged in seven chapters. Each chapter contains background information and a selection of primary source writings by both men and women. Attention is directed toward the activities and status of both white and minority women in all periods. Chapter I, "Women of the Colonial…

Franklin, Robin; Wolf, Tasha Lebow

449

History Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Weider History Group publishes a wide range of military history magazines, including "America's Civil War" and "Civil War Times". They've also been generous enough to create this website, which offers a wide range of articles from their different publications. First-time visitors to the homepage may want to start out by taking a shot at the "Daily Quiz", which offers up a range of questions on everything from steamship battles to military operations in the South Pacific. Next, visitors may wish to click on over to the "Features" area, which includes articles culled from the magazines on Marine POWs, the Battle of New Orleans, as well as noted gunfighter Ben Thompson and his brother Billy. Moving on, visitors can also take part in the online forums where they can ask questions about battle tactics, the history of ground warfare, and the USS Ironsides.

450

BachelorofArts/BachelorofEducation History/SocialStudiesEducation  

E-print Network

. Geography 2600 - Canada ___ 13. Native American Studies 1000 - Introduction to Native American Studies ___History 2100 - Main Themes in Medieval European History ___ 5. One of: ___History 2102 - Early Modern

Seldin, Jonathan P.

451

Pubertal timing and sexual risk behaviors among rural african american male youth: testing a model based on life history theory.  

PubMed

Life History Theory (LHT), a branch of evolutionary biology, describes how organisms maximize their reproductive success in response to environmental conditions. This theory suggests that challenging environmental conditions will lead to early pubertal maturation, which in turn predicts heightened risky sexual behavior. Although largely confirmed among female adolescents, results with male youth are inconsistent. We tested a set of predictions based on LHT with a sample of 375 African American male youth assessed three times from age 11 to age 16. Harsh, unpredictable community environments and harsh, inconsistent, or unregulated parenting at age 11 were hypothesized to predict pubertal maturation at age 13; pubertal maturation was hypothesized to forecast risky sexual behavior, including early onset of intercourse, substance use during sexual activity, and lifetime numbers of sexual partners. Results were consistent with our hypotheses. Among African American male youth, community environments were a modest but significant predictor of pubertal timing. Among those youth with high negative emotionality, both parenting and community factors predicted pubertal timing. Pubertal timing at age 13 forecast risky sexual behavior at age 16. Results of analyses conducted to determine whether environmental effects on sexual risk behavior were mediated by pubertal timing were not significant. This suggests that, although evolutionary mechanisms may affect pubertal development via contextual influences for sensitive youth, the factors that predict sexual risk behavior depend less on pubertal maturation than LHT suggests. PMID:25501863

Kogan, Steven M; Cho, Junhan; Simons, Leslie Gordon; Allen, Kimberly A; Beach, Steven R H; Simons, Ronald L; Gibbons, Frederick X

2015-04-01

452

Autonomy in military aircraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

Military users are becoming increasingly dependent on satellites for vital services related to communication, surveillance information, navigation, and meteorological data. The current military spacecraft, however, need the services of a ground support network which is vulnerable in connection with a variety of threats. It has, therefore, been proposed to decrease the dependence of the satellites on the ground segment by

D. W. Henderson

1983-01-01

453

Early Childhood Military Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does the country's national security rely on top-quality early childhood education? Yes, say the military leaders of Mission: Readiness, an organization led by retired military commanders that promotes investment in education, child health, and parenting support. Actually, the generals are right, but for all the wrong reasons. The generals' aim is…

Pelo, Ann

2011-01-01

454

SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE  

E-print Network

TERRORWARS SPACEDAILY TERRADAILY MARSDAILY SPACE TRAVEL SPACEMART SPACE DATABASE Endangered Species WeCHANNELS SPACEWAR WIRE MILITARY SPACE UAV NEWS MILITARY COMMS CYBERWARS MISSILE NEWS RAYGUNS project Nepal jails six soldiers for murder, human rights violations Ex-Peruvian spy chief wants CIA

455

National Military Family Association  

MedlinePLUS

... quick fact sheet about this program. Military Spouse Scholarships The mission of this scholarship program is to help prepare military spouses for ... better contribute to their family’s financial security. Our scholarships are awarded to spouses of all Uniformed Services ...

456

Military Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress' Research Center of Military Legal Resources contains, among other publications, the Military Law Review. The Military Law Review has been published quarterly since 1958, and is meant to be used by military attorneys in their work and "'provides a forum for those interested in military law to share the products of their experience and research.'" Visitors should also note that most of the issues from 1958 to 2008 are available for general perusal. Each issue of the journal contains both articles and book reviews. An article in the Winter 2008 issue, entitled "Crossing the Line: Reconciling the Right to Picket Military Funerals With the First Amendment", is a very accessible article about the constitutionality of state and federal funeral picketing laws. Visitors interested in learning about the school that provides military legal education, and where the Military Law Review is published, should click on the link "The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School (JAGS), U.S. Army, Charlottesville, Virginia", in the first paragraph on the homepage

457

World War II Military Situation Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maps have been integral to military conflicts and warfare since time immemorial, and many of these documents are highly prized by collectors and military historians. The American Memory Project at the Library of Congress recently created this fine digital collection of World War II situation maps from the years 1944 and 1945. Beginning with the D-Day Invasion, the maps provide information about troop positions throughout Western Europe, along with important graphical representations of various landmarks within the military landscape. Visitors can browse through the collection by title, creator, subject, place, or date. Perhaps the finest part of the site is an interactive essay that takes users through the Battle of the Bulge with a series of maps and some brief commentaries.

458

Five Good Reasons to Show "Great Guy" (1936) in Our U.S. History and American Studies Classes (and the Challenges We'll Face)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most versatile and multi-faceted films that an educator can use to illustrate urban America in the 1930s is "Great Guy," a relatively obscure film from 1936 directed by John G. Blystone and starring James Cagney and Mae Clarke. There are some simple practical considerations that make the film such a good fit for an American history or…

Allocco, Katherine

2010-01-01

459

Shaping a New Nation: Turning Points in American History. A Report on a Research Study, 2005-2006. Interim Technical Report No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research paper examines the effectiveness of the Teaching American History (TAH) Program in Jefferson County, Kentucky from 2005-2006. We employ a combination of survey, interview, observational, and data mining research methods to examine attainment of program objectives and goals. In addition to evaluating the overall effectiveness of the…

Reio, Thomas G., Jr.; Bratton, Angela R.

2006-01-01

460

Women Reading for Education, Affinity & Development (WREAD): An Evaluation of a Semistructured Reading Discussion Group for African American Female Adult-Literacy Students with Histories of Trauma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women Reading for Education, Affinity & Development (WREAD), a reading discussion group geared toward African American female adult-literacy students with self-defined histories of trauma, was an outgrowth of research identifying links between trauma, women's struggles with literacy, and the need to be conscious of emotional health…

Jones, Jayatta D.

2012-01-01

461

Proceedings of the Conference of the American Journalism Historians Association (Lawrence, Kansas, October 1-3, 1992). Part II: Journalism History in the Twentieth Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings contain 16 papers on American journalism history in the 20th century. Papers in the proceedings are: "News Suppression & Press Intimidation During the Nixon Administration" (Egbe Enonnchong); "The Persian Gulf War: Revolution in News Transmission" (Robert L. Spellman); "South Dakota's W. R. Ronald: Prairie Editor and an AAA…

American Journalism Historians' Association.

462

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Low-Income, Predominantly African American Women with PTSD and a History of Intimate Partner Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we consider the use of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR; Kabat-Zinn, 1991) as a community-based intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among low-income, predominantly African American women with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV). The results of a pilot randomized clinical trial (RCT) of MBSR as an…

Dutton, Mary Ann; Bermudez, Diana; Matas, Armely; Majid, Haseeb; Myers, Neely L.

2013-01-01

463

"A wealth of pearls"--Journal of American History "Let the bleacher fans rise as one and cheer Bison Books."--International Herald Tribune  

E-print Network

"A wealth of pearls"--Journal of American History "Let the bleacher fans rise as one and cheer-0-8032-8229-2/$20.95 Canadian $29.95 cloth 978-0-8032-3196-2/$37.50 Canadian "Modiano's existential noir novel employs a moody of Nebraska Press is the proud publisher of Modiano's novel Out of the Dark, translated by Jordan Stump

Powers, Robert

464

Knowledge about type 2 diabetes risk and prevention of African-American and Hispanic adults and adolescents with family history of type 2 diabetes  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The purpose of this study was to assess type 2 diabetes knowledge, perceptions, risk factor awareness, and prevention practices among African-American and Hispanic families with a history of diabetes. Ninth and tenth grade Houston area students who had a parent who spoke English or Spanish and had a...

465

WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE, POLITICAL RESPONSIVENESS, AND CHILD SURVIVAL IN AMERICAN HISTORY*  

PubMed Central

Women’s choices appear to emphasize child welfare more than those of men. This paper presents new evidence on how suffrage rights for American women helped children to benefit from the scientific breakthroughs of the bacteriological revolution. Consistent with standard models of electoral competition, suffrage laws were followed by immediate shifts in legislative behavior and large, sudden increases in local public health spending. This growth in public health spending fueled large-scale door-to-door hygiene campaigns, and child mortality declined by 8-15% (or 20,000 annual child deaths nationwide) as cause-specific reductions occurred exclusively among infectious childhood killers sensitive to hygienic conditions. PMID:21373369

Miller, Grant

2010-01-01

466

The History of South American Tropical Precipitation for the Past 25,000 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last

Paul A. Baker; Geoffrey O. Seltzer; Sherilyn C. Fritz; Robert B. Dunbar; Matthew J. Grove; Pedro M. Tapia; Scott L. Cross; Harold D. Rowe; James P. Broda

2001-01-01

467

Nevada Test Site Oral History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, the Nevada Test Site Oral History Project is "a comprehensive program dedicated to documenting, preserving and disseminating the remembered past of persons affiliated with and affected by the Nevada Test Site during the era of Cold War nuclear testing." From 2003 to 2008, oral history narrators participated in this project, and they included national laboratory scientists, military personnel, Native American leaders, and peace activists. On the homepage, visitors should look through the three thematic sections, including "Contested Landscapes" and "Community of Voices". Through these oral histories and testimonies, visitors can learn about the complex set of processes and experiences surrounding the test site. Along the left hand of the site, visitors can search the collection, make a list of their favorite interviews, and also get assistance with using the site.

468

The role of fecundity and reproductive effort in defining life-history strategies of North American freshwater mussels.  

PubMed

Selection is expected to optimize reproductive investment resulting in characteristic trade-offs among traits such as brood size, offspring size, somatic maintenance, and lifespan; relative patterns of energy allocation to these functions are important in defining life-history strategies. Freshwater mussels are a diverse and imperiled component of aquatic ecosystems, but little is known about their life-history strategies, particularly patterns of fecundity and reproductive effort. Because mussels have an unusual life cycle in which larvae (glochidia) are obligate parasites on fishes, differences in host relationships are expected to influence patterns of reproductive output among species. I investigated fecundity and reproductive effort (RE) and their relationships to other life-history traits for a taxonomically broad cross section of North American mussel diversity. Annual fecundity of North American mussel species spans nearly four orders of magnitude, ranging from < 2000 to 10 million, but most species have considerably lower fecundity than previous generalizations, which portrayed the group as having uniformly high fecundity (e.g. > 200000). Estimates of RE also were highly variable, ranging among species from 0.06 to 25.4%. Median fecundity and RE differed among phylogenetic groups, but patterns for these two traits differed in several ways. For example, the tribe Anodontini had relatively low median fecundity but had the highest RE of any group. Within and among species, body size was a strong predictor of fecundity and explained a high percentage of variation in fecundity among species. Fecundity showed little relationship to other life-history traits including glochidial size, lifespan, brooding strategies, or host strategies. The only apparent trade-off evident among these traits was the extraordinarily high fecundity of Leptodea, Margaritifera, and Truncilla, which may come at a cost of greatly reduced glochidial size; there was no relationship between fecundity and glochidial size for the remaining 61 species in the dataset. In contrast to fecundity, RE showed evidence of a strong trade-off with lifespan, which was negatively related to RE. The raw number of glochidia produced may be determined primarily by physical and energetic constraints rather than selection for optimal output based on differences in host strategies or other traits. By integrating traits such as body size, glochidial size, and fecundity, RE appears more useful in defining mussel life-history strategies. Combined with trade-offs between other traits such as growth, lifespan, and age at maturity, differences in RE among species depict a broad continuum of divergent strategies ranging from strongly r-selected species (e.g. tribe Anodontini and some Lampsilini) to K-selected species (e.g. tribes Pleurobemini and Quadrulini; family Margaritiferidae). Future studies of reproductive effort in an environmental and life-history context will be useful for understanding the explosive radiation of this group of animals in North America and will aid in the development of effective conservation strategies. PMID:23445204

Haag, Wendell R

2013-08-01

469

History and progress of the North American Soil Geochemical Landscapes Project, 2001-2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey, the Geological Survey of Canada, and the Mexican Geological Survey initiated a low-density (1 site per 1600 km2, 13323 sites) geochemical and mineralogical survey of North American soils (North American Soil Geochemical Landscapes Project). Sampling and analytical protocols were developed at a series of workshops in 20032004 and pilot studies were conducted from 20042007. The ideal sampling protocol at each site includes a sample from 05 cm depth, a composite of the soil A horizon, and a sample from the soil C horizon. The 3, HClO4, and HF. Separate methods are used for As, Hg, Se, and total C on this same size fraction. The major mineralogical components are determined by a quantitative X-ray diffraction method. Sampling in the conterminous U.S. was completed in 2010 (c. 4800 sites) with chemical and mineralogical analysis currently underway. In Mexico, approximately 66% of the sampling (871 sites) had been done by the end of 2010 with completion expected in 2012. After completing sampling in the Maritime provinces and portions of other provinces (472 sites, 7.6% of the total), Canada withdrew from the project in 2010. Preliminary results for a swath from the central U.S. to Florida clearly show the effects of soil parent material and climate on the chemical and mineralogical composition of soils. A sample archive will be established and made available for future investigations.

Smith, David B.; Cannon, William F.; Woodruff, Laurel G.; Rivera, Francisco Moreira; Rencz, Andrew N.; Garrett, Robert G.

2012-01-01

470

Phylogeography, post-glacial gene flow, and population history of North American goshawks (Accipeter gentilis)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Climate cycling during the Quaternary played a critical role in the diversification of avian lineages in North America, greatly influencing the genetic characteristics of contemporary populations. To test the hypothesis that North American Northern Goshawks (Accipitergentilis) were historically isolated within multiple Late Pleistocene refugia, we assessed diversity and population genetic structure as well as migration rates and signatures of historical demography using mitochondrial control-region data. On the basis of sampling from 24 locales, we found that Northern Goshawks were genetically structured across a large portion of their North American range. Long-term population stability, combined with strong genetic differentiation, suggests that Northern Goshawks were historically isolated within at least three refugial populations representing two regions: the Pacific (CascadesSierra-Vancouver Island) and the Southwest (Colorado Plateau and Jemez Mountains). By contrast, populations experiencing significant growth were located in the Southeast Alaska-British Columbia, Arizona Sky Islands, Rocky Mountains, Great Lakes, and Appalachian bioregions. In the case of Southeast Alaska-British Columbia, Arizona Sky Islands, and Rocky Mountains, Northern Goshawks likely colonized these regions from surrounding refugia. The near fixation for several endemic haplotypes in the Arizona Sky Island Northern Goshawks (A. g apache) suggests long-term isolation subsequent to colonization. Likewise, Great Lakes and Appalachian Northern Goshawks differed significantly in haplotype frequencies from most Western Northern Goshawks, which suggests that they, too, experienced long-term isolation prior to a more recent recolonization of eastern U.S. forests.

Bayard De Volo, Shelley; Reynolds, Richard T.; Sonsthagen, Sarah A.; Talbot, Sandra; Antolin, Michael F.

2013-01-01

471

Ethnic Groups in History Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six popular high school American history textbooks are examined to address accusations of overcompensation by textbook publishers as a result of the raised ethnic consciousness of the 1970s. The textbooks are: "Our American Heritage" (Silver Burdett); "The Pageant of American History" (Allyn and Bacon); "A History of Our American Republic"…

Glazer, Nathan; Ueda, Reed

472

Department of History Teaching Major in History  

E-print Network

Department of History Teaching Major in History Students interested in earning a teaching major in history must complete the requirements for a BA in history, to include the following courses: 4 credits HSTR 101 or 102 European Civilization ________ 4 credits HSTA 101 or 102 American History ________ 1

Vonessen, Nikolaus

473

Molecular and evolutionary history of melanism in North American gray wolves.  

PubMed

Morphological diversity within closely related species is an essential aspect of evolution and adaptation. Mutations in the Melanocortin 1 receptor (Mc1r) gene contribute to pigmentary diversity in natural populations of fish, birds, and many mammals. However, melanism in the gray wolf, Canis lupus, is caused by a different melanocortin pathway component, the K locus, that encodes a beta-defensin protein that acts as an alternative ligand for Mc1r. We show that the melanistic K locus mutation in North American wolves derives from past hybridization with domestic dogs, has risen to high frequency in forested habitats, and exhibits a molecular signature of positive selection. The same mutation also causes melanism in the coyote, Canis latrans, and in Italian gray wolves, and hence our results demonstrate how traits selected in domesticated species can influence the morphological diversity of their wild relatives. PMID:19197024

Anderson, Tovi M; vonHoldt, Bridgett M; Candille, Sophie I; Musiani, Marco; Greco, Claudia; Stahler, Daniel R; Smith, Douglas W; Padhukasahasram, Badri; Randi, Ettore; Leonard, Jennifer A; Bustamante, Carlos D; Ostrander, Elaine A; Tang, Hua; Wayne, Robert K; Barsh, Gregory S

2009-03-01

474

A History of the Southeastern Section of the American Physical Society  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Southeastern Section of the American Physical Society started in 1935 when a group of physics faculty and graduate students formed the Southern Physics Society at a meeting in Atlanta, GA and became the Southeastern Section of the APS in 1937. This talk is based on SESAPS records in the hands of the present SESAPS Secretary, Dr. Kenneth Hardy of Florida International University, SESAPS records at the Library of the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa, AL (established primarily by Dr. E. Scott Barr) and personal recollections of the speaker who was SESAPS Secretary from 1968 to 1990. It is hoped that many long term SESAPS members will attend this talk and furnish additional memoirs.

Worth Seagondollar, L.

1997-11-01

475

Juneteenth celebrants across the country hope to gain recognition for an important day in American history  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Juneteenth Worldwide Celebrationhttp://www.juneteenth.com/Late to Freedom's Party, Texans Spread Word of Black Holidayhttp://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/18/us/late-to-freedom-s-party-texans-spread-word-of-black-holiday.html?scp=4&sq=juneteenth%20-ellison&st=cseDishing Up Juneteenthhttp://voices.washingtonpost.com/mighty-appetite/2007/06/making_room_for_juneteenth_at.htmlLetter to President Obamahttp://www.juneteenth.us/obama.htmlWashington Juneteenth 2009 Calendar of Eventshttp://www.19thofjune.com/calendar/index.htmlThe Handbook of Texas Online: Juneteenthhttp://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/JJ/lkj1.htmlToday marks the 144th anniversary of the original Juneteenth on June 19th, 1865 when Union General Gordon Granger and federal troops arrived in Galveston, Texas to enforce the abolition of slavery. The move, however, was made nearly two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation was enacted, making Texas one of the last states to free its slaves. Until recently, Juneteenth was primarily celebrated in Texas, where it has been a state holiday since 1980. However, the last decade has seen an increase in the number of communities celebrating Juneteenth. In May, Kansas became the most recent state to recognize Juneteenth as a state holiday, joining 30 others, and a movement to have the holiday recognized nationally has gained prominence. Juneteenth is traditionally celebrated as an outdoor potluck or barbeque with family, friends, and neighbors (don't forget the strawberry soda!) and larger communities will often sponsor citywide celebrations including public readings, speakers, and other events. Described in the above New York Times article from 2004 as "Martin Luther King's Birthday without the grieving," the celebrations commemorate African American freedom, and increasingly, that freedom is celebrated by Americans from all walks of life. And this year, the holiday has taken on an even more poignant aspect; if you look at local and regional newspapers across the country, you'll see that President Obama is a very sought-after attendee for each Juneteenth celebration.The first link will take visitors to some basic information about Juneteenth, its origins and celebrations, how others around the world celebrate, and how to get a Celebrate Juneteenth yard sign to bring the tradition to each neighborhood. The second article, by Julia Moskin of the New York Times, details the traditions of Juneteenth and how the popularity of the holiday is growing to include an increasingly diverse group of revelers. The third link is to A Mighty Appetite, Kim O'Donnel's Washington Post food blog, "your daily online bread." In this article, O'Donnel details a recipe for red rice that she believes merges American and African traditions to "tell the many stories of slavery." The fifth document is an open letter to President Obama from January of this year, requesting a presidential proclamation that Juneteenth be declared a national holiday. This request comes from Chairman of the National Juneteenth Observance Foundation Rev. Ronald V. Myers Sr., and granting this request, in his words, would be "instrumental in bringing all Americans together in a spirit of unity and reconciliation." The sixth link takes visitors to the calendar page of the Washington D.C. Juneteenth 2009 celebration page, where they can find out about all the events of the weekend, including a 3K run, a prayer breakfast, and a memorial service. The last link, from the Handbook of Texas Online, ties the holiday to statewide traditions and how it has been celebrated in various Texas communities.

Coffin, Andrea

2009-06-19

476

The future (history) of socioeconomic measurement and implications for improving health outcomes among African Americans.  

PubMed

Socioeconomic status (SES) has powerful and complex impacts on health, and understanding the relationship between SES and health is essential for long-term improvements in the health of populations. In addition, in the United States, the impact of SES on health is inextricably intertwined with racial and ethnicity status and the historical development and maintenance of health disparities. Most of the literature documenting this relationship has focused on individual-level socioeconomic factors. There are sound theoretical reasons and some empirical support to suggest that socioeconomic resources at both individual and neighborhood levels have strong influences on health outcomes such as disease, disability, and mortality. However, these relationships have been inadequately examined to date. In this article, the term "ecological SES" will be used to denote SES at geographic group levels. As the United States attempts to achieve the goals of the Department of Health and Human Services' Healthy People 2010 program, understanding ecological SES and its impacts on health will be crucial. We review the theory, some of the empirical evidence, and likely future for the measurement and use of a broader approach to SES and offer a specific research paradigm for examining these issues. We focus in particular on one racial-ethnic group that experiences health disparity, that is, African Americans. We use our ongoing project investigating physical frailty in urban African Americans to illustrate the importance of a multilevel approach to understanding the impacts of socioeconomic resources on health and the potential implications for efforts to prevent or reverse frailty. PMID:16282572

Andresen, Elena M; Miller, Douglas K

2005-10-01

477

Pathways to the All-Volunteer Military  

PubMed Central

Objectives The present study investigates the role of a disadvantaged background, the lack of social connectedness, and behavioral problems in channeling young men to the opportunities of the all-volunteer military instead of to college and the labor market. Methods Data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health in the United States. The analytic sample consists of 6,938 white, black, and other males. Results The greatest likelihood of military service versus college and the labor force occurs when young men of at least modest ability come from disadvantaged circumstances, experience minimal connectedness to others, and report a history of adolescent fighting. Discussion Findings suggest the importance of access to post-high school education and worklife opportunities as a military service incentive for less advantaged young men in the all volunteer era. PMID:21960728

Elder, Glen H.; Wang, Lin; Spence, Naomi J.; Adkins, Daniel E.; Brown, Tyson H.

2011-01-01

478

History Explorer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are many ways to explore the various facets of history, and some of the world's leading museums have come up with a host of online multimedia tools to bring people into this subject that is sometimes erroneously perceived to be dry and uninteresting. The inventive people at the National Museum of American History have recently developed the History Explorer which allows those surfing the Web to browse through an interactive timeline of American history. The interface is composed of items from the Museum's various online collections, exhibitions and programs, such as Plymouth Rock and a world map from 1511. Visitors can zoom in and out through the timeline and its objects and also elect to toggle on or off various themes, such as "Arts and Culture", "Peopling America", and "Politics and Reform". Overall, this is a very well-thought-out tool for learning about American history and one that will engage a wide range of persons.

479

A review of American psychiatry through its diagnoses: the history and development of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.  

PubMed

The history of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) reflects the larger history of American psychiatry. As the field anticipates DSM-5, it is useful to take stock of this history and consider not only how diagnosis impacts our understanding of mental illness but also how contemporary thought influences diagnosis. Before the DSM, the field was disjointed. The publication of the first American diagnostic manual, the precursor of the DSM, mirrored society's interest in organized record keeping and prevention rather than treatment of mental illness. The first and second editions of DSM brought a common language to diagnosis and were largely the work of outpatient and academic psychiatrists rather than those based in large state hospitals. The third edition of the DSM saw the shift in American psychiatry's leadership from the eminent clinician to the researcher, whereas the fourth edition reflected the rise of "evidence-based medicine." DSM-5 will likewise represent the current status of the field-not only with regard to science but also reflecting the place of American psychiatry in medicine today. PMID:23197117

Fischer, Bernard A

2012-12-01

480

Asian American and Pacific Islander Military Veterans in the United States: Health Service Use and Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We (1) compared use of various health services nationally between Asian American and Pacific Islander (AA/PI) veterans and veterans of other racial/ethnic groups and (2) specifically compared perceived barriers and stigma related to mental health services. Methods. Using bivariate and multivariable statistics, we analyzed a population-weighted sample of 8315 veterans from the 2010 National Survey of Veterans and a random sample of 567 recent veterans from Hawaii. Results. A total of 1.5% of veterans were AA/PI compared with 0.4% a decade ago. Compared with other veterans, AA/PI veterans reported higher socioeconomic status and better mental health, although these findings may be specific to AA veterans. Adjusting for sociodemographic and health differences, we found no differences in health service use or perceived barriers or stigma related to mental health services. Conclusions. AA/PIs are a small but fast-growing racial/ethnic group within the veteran population that deserves attention. Although veteran status may be protective against some barriers to mental health care found in the general AA/PI population, efforts to reduce barriers to health care among veterans should be continued. PMID:25100419

Whealin, Julia M.; Pietrzak, Robert H.

2014-01-01

481

The lost history of American veterinary medicine: the need for preservation*†  

PubMed Central

Objective: The objective of this study was to survey holdings of ephemeral veterinary literature. Methods: WorldCat OCLC catalog, the Library of Congress online catalog, the US National Agricultural Library online catalog, and the Dictionary Catalog of the National Agricultural Library, 1862–1965, were used to determine current library holdings of materials published by veterinary schools that are no longer in existence and veterinary associations that are defunct, veterinary supply catalogs, veterinary house organs, patent medicine publications, and veterinary advertisements. Individual library catalogs were also consulted. In addition, the practice of removing advertisements from bound volumes was examined. Results: There are many gaps in the cataloged library holdings of primary source materials relating to the history of the education of veterinarians in the United States. Conclusions: A proactive action plan needs to be designed and activated to locate, catalog, and preserve this primary source material of veterinary medicine for posterity. PMID:21243050

Boyd, C. Trenton

2011-01-01

482

Mental Health: Military  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Mental Health > People > Military Let's Talk Facts Brochures Understanding Mental Disorders: Your Guide to DSM-5 Healthy Minds, Healthy ... Parity Healthy Minds TV What is a psychiatrist Mental Health Check-up Coping with Disasters Links for more ...

483

Military Expenditure % of GDP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bar chart ranking countries by military expenditures as a percentage of GDP. Shows the militarization of the Middle East and Africa. The chart, perhaps obviously, is dominated by small countries with small GDPs.

484

Chinese Military Power  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new resource from the Commonwealth Institute's Project on Defense Alternatives (PDA) (reviewed in the January 12, 1999 Scout Report for Social Sciences) offers a gateway to "online analysis and research tools essential to understanding China's military policy, capabilities, and potential." The full-text offerings are accessed through links to a variety of English-language sources, and are grouped by topic, such as Commentary, Military Analyses, Political and Economic Conditions, Regional Context, and US Policy Toward China, among others. In addition, online resources on several special topics (China and the RMA, Arms Trade and Proliferation, Taiwan Confrontation, Cox Report and Aftermath, and China Arsenal) are also provided. Other resources include a bibliography, links to selected research sites, and contact information for a number of specialists in the field. If the site remains regularly updated as promised, it should become a useful current awareness tool for researchers and students studying Chinese military policy and US-China military relations.

485

Optometry and the military.  

PubMed

This article comments on several of the major issues facing military optometry which were aired earlier this year at the AOA Federal Service Optometry Seminar. Among these issues, all of which influence recruitment and retention of optometry officers, are constructive credit, bonus and incentive pay, promotion policies, and optimum scope of care. Dr. Turner emphasizes that solutions to these problem areas depend not only upon AOA actions but also personal efforts and professionalism of military OD's. PMID:1027779

Turner, H C

1976-02-01

486

The history and politics of US health care policy for American Indians and Alaskan Natives.  

PubMed Central

This paper traces the development of the US federal government's program to provide personal and public health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives since the 1940s. Minimal services had been provided since the mid 19th century through the Bureau of Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior. As a result of attempts by western congressmen to weaken and destroy the bureau during the 1940s, responsibility for health services was placed with the US Public Health Service. The transfer thus created the only US national health program for civilians, providing virtually the full range of personal and public health services to a defined population at relatively low cost. Policy changes since the 1970s have led to an emphasis on self-determination that did not exist during the 1950s and 1960s. Programs administered by tribal governments tend to be more expensive than those provided by the Indian Health Service, but appropriations have not risen to meet the rising costs, nor are the appropriated funds distributed equitably among Indian Health Service regions. The result is likely to be an unequal deterioration in accessibility and quality of care. Images p1465-a p1469-a p1470-a p1471-a PMID:8876522

Kunitz, S J

1996-01-01

487

Global change and thermal history as recorded by northern North American tree-ring data  

SciTech Connect

Thermal regimes and heat exchange of the Polar and subpolar regions play a key role in global climatic change. Principal components analysis of instrumental data for the globe indicate that northern high latitude temperatures are a very strong component of global temperature variations. Tree-ring data from thermally responsive sites in Canada and Alaska yield records of polar and subpolar temperature changes for centuries prior to the relatively short period of instrumental measurements. Tree-ring width based reconstructions of Arctic and northern North American temperatures through 1973 reflect the general positive trend in large-scale instrumental data over the past century. These reconstructions, as well as the raw tree-ring measurements, show that this recent period of warming is unusual relative to the prior few centuries. More recently developed data from Canada confirm previous reconstructions. A maximum latewood density chronology from the Northwest Territories shows a stronger climatic response to warm-season temperatures than ring width data from the same trees. The density information also shows a response to several other temperature-related parameters, including ground-level solar radiation measurements. In detecting and quantifying global climatic change, tree-ring analysis of high latitude trees provides evidence of recent wide-scale warming in northern North America. This warming will affect boreal forests, northern waters, and human activities. However, more studies are needed to better determine the extent of recent and possible future climatic change and the resulting environmental consequences.

Jacoby, G.C.; D'Arrigo, R.D.

1992-03-01

488

Military display market segment: helicopters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The military display market is analyzed in terms of one of its segments: helicopter displays. Parameters requiring special consideration, to include luminance ranges, contrast ratio, viewing angles, and chromaticity coordinates, are examined. Performance requirements for rotary-wing displays relative to several premier applications are summarized. Display sizes having aggregate defense applications of 5,000 units or greater and having DoD applications across 10 or more platforms, are tabulated. The issue of size commonality is addressed where distribution of active area sizes across helicopter platforms, individually, in groups of two through nine, and ten or greater, is illustrated. Rotary-wing displays are also analyzed by technology, where total quantities of such displays are broken out into CRT, LCD, AMLCD, EM, LED, Incandescent, Plasma and TFEL percentages. Custom, versus Rugged commercial, versus commercial off-the-shelf designs are contrasted. High and low information content designs are identified. Displays for several high-profile military helicopter programs are discussed, to include both technical specifications and program history. The military display market study is summarized with breakouts for the helicopter market segment. Our defense-wide study as of March 2004 has documented 1,015,494 direct view and virtual image displays distributed across 1,181 display sizes and 503 weapon systems. Helicopter displays account for 67,472 displays (just 6.6% of DoD total) and comprise 83 sizes (7.0% of total DoD) in 76 platforms (15.1% of total DoD). Some 47.6% of these rotary-wing applications involve low information content displays comprising just a few characters in one color; however, as per fixed-wing aircraft, the predominant instantiation involves higher information content units capable of showing changeable graphics, color and video.

Desjardins, Daniel D.; Hopper, Darrel G.

2004-09-01

489

OSU-N History Department Faculty: Dr. Russ Coil  

E-print Network

History Dr. Dave Dzurec Colonial America and the Early American Republic Dr. Harding Ganz European.S. Social, Women's and Native American History Dr. Richard Shiels American Colonial and Religious HistoryOSU-N History Department Faculty: Dr. Russ Coil American History Dr. Alcira Dueñas Latin American

Jones, Michelle

490

Evolutionary history of a prominent North American warbler clade: the Oporornis-Geothlypis complex.  

PubMed

The avian genera Oporornis and Geothlypis are thought to represent a single lineage of closely related New World wood-warbler (AOU Family Parulidae) species. Phylogenetic relationships within this assemblage have not yet been addressed using molecular genetic methods. We used sequence data from three mitochondrial (mtDNA) genes (cytochrome b, ND2, and control region) to reconstruct an hypothesis of relationships for this group. Our ingroup sampling included 34 individuals representing all currently recognized Oporornis (4 spp.) and Geothlypis (9 spp.) species. Our results indicate that Geothlypis is paraphyletic with respect to Oporornis formosus. The four members of Oporornis do not form a clade but instead comprise a grade at the base of the Oporornis-Geothlypis topology. Two species within Geothlypis are polyphyletic. The Costa Rican form of G. aequinoctialis is embedded within the Neotropical G. semiflava complex, and the widespread North American form G. trichas consists of at least two groups, each having a closer affinity to other Geothlypis species than with each other. Five Geothlypis species differ from one another on average by about 2% uncorrected (cytochrome b) divergence, indicating a rapid and recent radiation within this genus. Our phylogenetic hypothesis for this assemblage indicates that morphological characters such as size and plumage brightness that have traditionally defined relationships with Geothlypis are not concordant with molecular data. Most members of Geothlypis are sedentary whereas all members of Oporornis are long-distance Nearctic migrants. Our topology suggests that Geothlypis is derived from a migrant, Oporornis-like ancestor that ceased migration and established itself as a sedentary breeding population in the Neotropics. We speculate that an ecological switch from forested to more open habitats at this time led to range expansion and diversification in this new lineage. PMID:19616636

Escalante, Patricia; Márquez-Valdelamar, Laura; de la Torre, Patricia; Laclette, Juan P; Klicka, John

2009-12-01

491

On Being in the Same Boat: A History of Creative Writing and Composition Writing in American Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creative writers have moved into the mainstream of English departments without understanding or reviewing their own history, and without reconceptualizing graduate and undergraduate creative writing programs. Such a history can be constructed from sources in three areas: institutional history, creative writing history, and rhetorical history. An…

Bishop, Wendy

492

The History of South American Tropical Precipitation for the Past 25,000 Years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last glacial maximum (LGM), the Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru and much of the Amazon basin were wetter than today. The LGM in this part of the Andes is dated at 21,000 cal yr B.P., approximately coincident with the global LGM. Maximum aridity and lowest lake level occurred in the early and middle Holocene (8000 to 5500 cal yr B.P.) during a time of low summer insolation. Today, rising levels of Lake Titicaca and wet conditions in Amazonia are correlated with anomalously cold sea-surface temperatures in the northern equatorial Atlantic. Likewise, during the deglacial and Holocene periods, there were several millennial-scale wet phases on the Altiplano and in Amazonia that coincided with anomalously cold periods in the equatorial and high-latitude North Atlantic, such as the Younger Dryas.

Baker, Paul A.; Seltzer, Geoffrey O.; Fritz, Sherilyn C.; Dunbar, Robert B.; Grove, Matthew J.; Tapia, Pedro M.; Cross, Scott L.; Rowe, Harold D.; Broda, James P.

2001-01-01

493

The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25,000 years.  

PubMed

Long sediment cores recovered from the deep portions of Lake Titicaca are used to reconstruct the precipitation history of tropical South America for the past 25,000 years. Lake Titicaca was a deep, fresh, and continuously overflowing lake during the last glacial stage, from before 25,000 to 15,000 calibrated years before the present (cal yr B.P.), signifying that during the last glacial maximum (LGM), the Altiplano of Bolivia and Peru and much of the Amazon basin were wetter than today. The LGM in this part of the Andes is dated at 21,000 cal yr B.P., approximately coincident with the global LGM. Maximum aridity and lowest lake level occurred in the early and middle Holocene (8000 to 5500 cal yr B.P.) during a time of low summer insolation. Today, rising levels of Lake Titicaca and wet conditions in Amazonia are correlated with anomalously cold sea-surface temperatures in the northern equatorial Atlantic. Likewise, during the deglacial and Holocene periods, there were several millennial-scale wet phases on the Altiplano and in Amazonia that coincided with anomalously cold periods in the equatorial and high-latitude North Atlantic, such as the Younger Dryas. PMID:11158674

Baker, P A; Seltzer, G O; Fritz, S C; Dunbar, R B; Grove, M J; Tapia, P M; Cross, S L; Rowe, H D; Broda, J P

2001-01-26

494

Demographic and phylogeographic histories of two venomous North American snakes of the genus Agkistrodon.  

PubMed

Many studies have revealed that lineages currently inhabiting formerly glaciated areas were pushed into southern glacial refugia and have expanded into their modern range since the last glacial maximum. There have been few studies that compare the effects of glacial cycles on lineage diversification and historical demography in closely related species with overlapping ranges. In this study we compare phylogeographic structure, historical demography, and approximate lineage age in two closely related and broadly co-occurring venomous snakes in eastern North America, the cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus) and copperhead (A. contortrix) using sequences from the mtDNA gene cytochrome b. We inferred three geographic lineages of A. contortrix and two of A. piscivorus with no common geographic or temporal pattern of lineage diversification identified for these species. Lineage diversification occurred in the Late Pliocene for A. piscivorus (approximately 2.5mya) and in the Early Pleistocene for A. contortrix ( approximately 1.5mya). Demographic estimates revealed population expansion following the last glacial maximum (approximately 20,000 years ago) in two lineages of A. contortrix (the Central clade and Eastern clade) and one lineage of A. piscivorus (the Continental clade). The Florida clade of A. piscivorus is the only lineage for which constant population size through time was inferred, possibly due to stable populations persisting in areas unaffected by glacial advances. Our data suggest that unique habitat preferences may have shaped both the phylogeographic and demographic histories of each species. PMID:18539486

Guiher, Timothy J; Burbrink, Frank T

2008-08-01

495

Radiation exposure of U.S. military individuals.  

PubMed

The U.S. military consists of five armed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard. It directly employs 1.4 million active duty military, 1.3 million National Guard and reserve military, and 700,000 civilian individuals. This paper describes the military guidance used to preserve and maintain the health of military personnel while they accomplish necessary and purposeful work in areas where they are exposed to radiation. It also discusses military exposure cohorts and associated radiogenic disease compensation programs administered by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the U.S. Department of Labor. With a few exceptions, the U.S. military has effectively employed ionizing radiation since it was first introduced during the Spanish-American War in 1898. The U.S military annually monitors 70,000 individuals for occupational radiation exposure: ~2% of its workforce. In recent years, the Departments of the Navy (including the Marine Corps), the Army, and the Air Force all have a low collective dose that remains close to 1 person-Sv annually. Only a few Coast Guard individuals are now routinely monitored for radiation exposure. As with the nuclear industry as a whole, the Naval Reactors program has a higher collective dose than the remainder of the U.S. military. The U.S. military maintains occupational radiation exposure records on over two million individuals from 1945 through the present. These records are controlled in accordance with the Privacy Act of 1974 but are available to affected individuals or their designees and other groups performing sanctioned epidemiology studies.Introduction of Radiation Exposure of U.S. Military Individuals (Video 2:19, http://links.lww.com/HP/A30). PMID:24378502

Blake, Paul K; Komp, Gregory R

2014-02-01

496

Haitian Americans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses 1990 U.S. Census data to show the changing demographic profile of Haitian Americans. Haitian Americans are likely to live along the Atlantic seaboard and to have relatively low, although not the lowest, incomes. However, the demographic mosaic of Haitian Americans is diverse, showing the effects of Haitian national and ethnic history. (SLD)

Catanese, Anthony V.

1998-01-01

497

Art History 97 Art History  

E-print Network

History offers a wide range of courses in European, American,Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history/European, distributed over the three periods; one course in Asian from any period;and one course in the Middle East/Islamic and applied to the major as trans- fer credits or study abroad course credits.No Advanced Placement credits

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

498

Art History 95 Art History  

E-print Network

History offers a wide range of courses in European, American,Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history/European, distributed over the three periods; one course in Asian from any period;and one course in the Middle East/Islamic and applied to the major as trans- fer credits or study abroad course credits.No Advanced Placement credits

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

499

The Impact of Perceived Child Physical and Sexual Abuse History on Native American Women's Psychological Well-Being and AIDS Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of perceived child abuse history on 160 adult, Native American women's emotional well-being (i.e., depressive mood and anger) and AIDS risk was examined. How sense of mastery and social support might lead to women's greater resiliency was also investigated. Child physical–emotional abuse was found to have greater impact on depressive mood and anger and AIDS risk than did

Stevan E. Hobfoll; Anita Bansal; Rebecca Schurg; Sarah Young; Charles A. Pierce; Ivonne Hobfoll; Robert Johnson

2002-01-01

500

Founding, early history, and transformation of the Journal for Lipid Research to an American Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology journal1  

PubMed Central

The Journal of Lipid Research was founded in October, 1959 and has had a long and distinguished history. It evolved from an initial concept of a loose-leaf methodology handbook to a major journal for the lipid field. Its growth has in many ways paralleled the growth and expansion of lipid research. Today, it is operated as a journal of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the forefront of biomedical research on lipids. PMID:19116414

Dennis, Edward A.

2009-01-01